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Sample records for lt jennifer cragg

  1. Jennifer N. Markham | NREL

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jennifer.Markham@nrel.gov | 303-275-4154 Orcid ID http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0086-1559 Research Interests Techno Affiliated Research Programs Process Design, Modeling, and Economics Areas of Expertise Aspen Plus Process Biomass Fractionation to Lipid-and Carbohydrate-Derived Fuel Products, NREL Technical Report (2014) "

  2. Jennifer Salahub Presentation.pdf

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Karina Pena

    2015-05-13

    May 13, 2015 ... Urban Violence, Poverty, and Inequalities. Jennifer Salahub. Senior Program Officer, Governance and Justice ... function as a group. 3. Unpack how challenges can be efficiently addressed by the state working at multiple levels and in different configurations. 4. Engage with complexity and dynamism: five ...

  3. Uncovering Heroes: A Conversation with Jennifer Armstrong.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kerper, Richard M.

    2000-01-01

    Offers an interview with Jennifer Armstrong, writer of historical novels and nonfiction for children. Discusses her beginnings as a reader and a writer, her creative process, her purposes in writing nonfiction, her concerns about accuracy, and the origins of her second nonfiction book, "Shipwreck at the Bottom of the World: The Extraordinary…

  4. Making space: Jennifer Camper, LGBTQ anthologies, and queer comics communities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galvan, Margaret

    2018-05-04

    This article examines the career of lesbian cartoonist Jennifer Camper and how she has fostered queer community both in her comics and in real life. Archival research in LGBTQ archives and in Camper's own personal papers evidences how Camper begins developing her comics in the 1980s by participating in various grassroots LGBTQ publication spaces. From this foundation of support, she engages in comics activism with her representations of these communities during the midst of the AIDS crisis. Through these analyses, this article theorizes how Camper foregrounds intersectionality and counterpublics in her work on and off the page.

  5. A Conversation with Jennifer Buffett: The Power of Philanthropy to Transform Cultures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Riane Eisler

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available IJPS Editor-in-Chief Riane Eisler talks with Jennifer Buffett, co-president of the NoVo Foundation, about her ideas, her life, and the role of philanthropy in the cultural transformation toward partnership.

  6. An Appreciation and Analysis of "Edward Burtynsky--Manufactured Landscapes": A Film by Jennifer Baichwal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donar, Ann

    2010-01-01

    This article begins with a synopsis of the film "Edward Burtynsky: Manufactured Landscapes", directed by Jennifer Baichwal. While the author can relate to the statements made in this synopsis, her experience and understanding of this 90-minute journey is much more intense and complex. In this essay, she attempts to dissect and examine…

  7. Implementation of LT codes based on chaos

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhou Qian; Li Liang; Chen Zengqiang; Zhao Jiaxiang

    2008-01-01

    Fountain codes provide an efficient way to transfer information over erasure channels like the Internet. LT codes are the first codes fully realizing the digital fountain concept. They are asymptotically optimal rateless erasure codes with highly efficient encoding and decoding algorithms. In theory, for each encoding symbol of LT codes, its degree is randomly chosen according to a predetermined degree distribution, and its neighbours used to generate that encoding symbol are chosen uniformly at random. Practical implementation of LT codes usually realizes the randomness through pseudo-randomness number generator like linear congruential method. This paper applies the pseudo-randomness of chaotic sequence in the implementation of LT codes. Two Kent chaotic maps are used to determine the degree and neighbour(s) of each encoding symbol. It is shown that the implemented LT codes based on chaos perform better than the LT codes implemented by the traditional pseudo-randomness number generator. (general)

  8. La personalità della marca: validazione italiana della Brand Personality Scale di Jennifer Aaker

    OpenAIRE

    Fida Roberta; Sapere Domenico R.; Barbaranelli Claudio; Natali Elena

    2010-01-01

    This study focuses on the validation in the Italian context of the Brand Personality Scale developed by Jennifer Aaker. Five hundred and three Italians participated to this study. Bulgari's personality was assessed by means a questionnaire containing the Italian translation of the 42 traits of Aaker's Brand Personality Scale. Respondents rated how much each trait described Bulgari's personality. Results from exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses did not supported Aaker's Brand Personal...

  9. TEO LT hakkab kaotama atraktiivsust / Romet Kreek

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kreek, Romet, 1972-

    2011-01-01

    Autori sõnul on Leedu telekomiettevõtte TEO LT puhul raske oodata, et käive ja kasum kasvaksid, parimal juhul on need stabiilsed. Osalt on selle põhjuseks tehnoloogilised muutused, osalt suuromaniku poliitika. TEO LT I kvartali majandusnäitajatest

  10. UEP LT Codes with Intermediate Feedback

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Jesper Hemming; Popovski, Petar; Østergaard, Jan

    2013-01-01

    We analyze a class of rateless codes, called Luby transform (LT) codes with unequal error protection (UEP). We show that while these codes successfully provide UEP, there is a significant price in terms of redundancy in the lower prioritized segments. We propose a modification with a single inter...... intermediate feedback message. Our analysis shows a dramatic improvement on the decoding performance of the lower prioritized segment....

  11. Metaphor or Method. Jennifer Mensch’s Organicist Kant Interpretation in Context

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Günter Zöller

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available In her recent study, Kant's Organicism.Epigenesis and the Development of Critical Philosophy (Chicago: Chicago University Press, 2013, Jennifer Mensch employs the technical term "organicism" to designate both Kant’s thinking about organisms and his thinking about other matters–chiefly among those transcendental cognition –in terms of his thinking about organisms. The article places Mensch's organicist reading of Kant into the wider context of recent and current work on Kant as a natural historian (Naturforscher and its repercussion for understanding the critical core of Kant’s philosophy. To that end, the article addresses the methodological function of conceptual metaphors in general and of biological metaphors in particular in Kant. The article proceeds in three steps, first focusing on an alleged anthropological turn in recent work on Kant, then addressing the distinction between schematism and symbolism in Kant’s critical epistemology and concluding with a consideration of the possibilities and limitations inherent in an organicist reading of Kant.

  12. Combination L-T3 and L-T4 therapy for hypothyroidism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wartofsky, Leonard

    2013-10-01

    Because of the longstanding controversy regarding whether hypothyroid patients can be optimally replaced by treatment with levothyroxine (L-T4) alone, numerous studies have addressed potential benefits of combined therapy of triiodothyronine (T3) with L-T4. Results of these studies have failed to support a potential benefit of combined therapy. A strong argument for the addition of L-T3 to L-T4 monotherapy has been lacking until recent genetic studies indicated a rationale for such therapy among a small fraction of the hypothyroid patient population. Interest in this issue has focused on the importance of the deiodinases in maintaining the euthyroid state and the role of genetic polymorphisms in the deiodinase genes that would affect thyroid hormone concentrations in both blood and tissues. One such polymorphism in the D2 gene, Thr92Ala, is associated with reduced T4 to T3 activation in skeletal muscle and thyroid, linked to obesity and alterations in thyroid-pituitary feedback, and in responses to thyroid hormone treatment. Although our professional organizations continue to recommend L-T4 alone for the treatment of hypothyroidism, the possibility of a D2 gene polymorphism should be considered in patients on L-T4 monotherapy who continue to complain of fatigue in spite of dosage achieving low normal serum thyroid stimulating hormone levels. A suggestive clue to the presence of this polymorphism could be a higher than normal free T4/free T3 ratio. Clinicians could consider adding T3 as a therapeutic trial in selected patients. Future well controlled clinical trials will be required to more fully resolve the controversy.

  13. Trigon Farming ostis Kaiu LT / Margus Mikomägi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mikomägi, Margus, 1956-

    2006-01-01

    Raplamaalt suuruselt neljas põllumajandusühistu Kaiu LT müüdi üldkoosoleku otsusega ühel häälel firmale Trigon Farming. Kaiu LT nõukogu esimees on viimased kolm aastat olnud Riigikogu liige Tiit Tammsaar. Lisa: Trigon Tarming investeerib põllumajandusse

  14. Introducing Leo LT - the "three-headed lion"

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Leedu valitsus kiitis heaks seaduseparandused, mille tulemusena saab võtta tuumajaama ehitaja, investeerimis- ja energiafirma Leo LT strateegilise tähtsusega firmade hulka. Kui parlament valitsuse ettepanekud heaks kiidab, saab riik 61,7% Leo LT ja 38,3% NDX Energija aktsiatest

  15. Expression of cysLT1 and cysLT2 Receptor in Chronic Hyperplastic Eosinophilic Sinusitis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ouyang, Yuhui; Kamijo, Atsushi; Murata, Shin-ichi; Okamoto, Atsushi; Endo, Shuichiro; Katoh, Ryohei; Masuyama, Keisuke

    2009-01-01

    Elevated production of cysteinyl leukotrienes (cysLTs) from sinus tissues and abundant sinus eosinophils are characteristic features of chronic hyperplastic eosinophilic sinusitis (CHS). CysLTs exert their action through G-protein-coupled receptors named cysLTs receptor type I (cysLT1R) and type II (cysLT2R). These expressions of cysLT receptors in the sinus mucosa have yet to be clarified and the relationship between eosinophilia and the expression of these receptors remains obscure. We compared the expressions of cysLT1R and cysLT2R in the sinus mucosa in patients with CHS, non-eosinophilic chronic sinusitis (NECS), and control sinus tissues; and analyzed the correlation between the expression of CysLTRs and the presence of sinus eosinophils by immunohistochemistry and real-time PCR. A significantly higher percentage of eosinophils expressing cysLT2R protein was observed in patients with CHS compared with NECS and controls. In addition, cysLT2R mRNA expression in CHS was significantly higher than in NECS and controls. Furthermore, a positive correlation was observed between cysLT2R mRNA expression and the number of infiltrated eosinophils. In contrast, the cysLT1R mRNA expression did not differ significantly among these groups. The effect of cysLTs on sinus eosinophils may be mediated through the cysLT2R in patients with CHS. These results may suggest the therapeutic benefit of cysLT2R antagonists in CHS

  16. Bronislaw Malinowski’nin Kültür Teorisi

    OpenAIRE

    Aman, Fatih

    2014-01-01

    Bir toplumu anlamak o toplumun kültürünü anlamaya bağlıdır. Özellikle “her toplumun kendine özgü olduğu” gerçeği kültür konusunda birçok araştırmanın yapılmasını sağlamış ve kültürel araştırmaları daha da ilginç kılmıştır. Bu araştırmalardan birisi de Bronislaw Malinowski’ye aittir. O, kültürün kökeniyle ilgilenmiş, kültürün fonksiyonlarını tanımlamış, kültürel araştırma tekniklerini ilk defa bilimsel ölçütlerle ortaya koymuş ve eleştirileriyle toplamda bir kültür teorisi oluşturmuştur. Malin...

  17. Max Barry’s Jennifer Government and NationStates: neo-liberalism and the cultural public sphere = Jennifer Government, de Max Barry, e Estados-Nações: Neoliberalismo e a esfera pública da cultural

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Purnima Bose

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available In the United States, many people point to the corporatization of the media and the impoverishment of the public sphere as symptomatic of a crisis in democracy. While the mainstream media has not given much attention to popular anger against corporate globalization,literary works have started to explore this terrain, suggesting that the cultural public sphere is a parapolitical site for debates about economic neo-liberalism and its effects on people. This essayanalyzes the representation of neo-liberalism, corporate power, and resistance in Max Barry’s novel Jennifer Government and computer simulation game NationStates in the context of debates over globalization and the cultural public sphere.Muitas pessoas nos Estados Unidos alegam que a corporativismo dos meios de comunicação e o empobrecimento da esfera pública sãosintomas da crise na democracia. Enquanto os meios de comunicação principais não deram tanta importância à ira popular contra a globalização corporativa, muitos autores de obras literárias já começaram de analisar esse assunto. Sugerem que a esfera publica cultural é um lugar para-político para debates sobre o neoliberalismo econômico e suas conseqüências na população. Esse ensaio analisa a representação do neoliberalismo, poder corporativista e resistência no romance Jennifer Government, de Max Barry, e o jogo de computadorNationStates no contexto de debates sobre a globalização e a esfera pública cultural.

  18. Review: Jennifer Browdy de Hernandez, Pauline Dongala, Omotayo Jolaosho and Anne Serafin (eds., African Women Writing Resistance: An Anthology of Contemporary Voices (2010 Buchbesprechung: Jennifer Browdy de Hernandez, Pauline Dongala, Omotayo Jolaosho und Anne Serafin (Hrsg., African Women Writing Resistance: An Anthology of Contemporary Voices (2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anja Oed

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Review of the edited volume: Jennifer Browdy de Hernandez, Pauline Dongala, Omotayo Jolaosho and Anne Serafin (eds., African Women Writing Resistance: An Anthology of Contemporary Voices, Oxford: Pambazuka Press, 2010, ISBN 978-0-299-23664-9, 376 pp.Besprechung des Sammelbandes: Jennifer Browdy de Hernandez, Pauline Dongala, Omotayo Jolaosho und Anne Serafin (Hrsg., African Women Writing Resistance: An Anthology of Contemporary Voices, Oxford: Pambazuka Press, 2010, ISBN 978-0-299-23664-9, 376 Seiten

  19. Design and Analysis of LT Codes with Decreasing Ripple Size

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Jesper Hemming; Popovski, Petar; Østergaard, Jan

    2012-01-01

    In this paper we propose a new design of LT codes, which decreases the amount of necessary overhead in comparison to existing designs. The design focuses on a parameter of the LT decoding process called the ripple size. This parameter was also a key element in the design proposed in the original...... work by Luby. Specifically, Luby argued that an LT code should provide a constant ripple size during decoding. In this work we show that the ripple size should decrease during decoding, in order to reduce the necessary overhead. Initially we motivate this claim by analytical results related...... to the redundancy within an LT code. We then propose a new design procedure, which can provide any desired achievable decreasing ripple size. The new design procedure is evaluated and compared to the current state of the art through simulations. This reveals a significant increase in performance with respect...

  20. Mastering Autodesk Inventor 2015 and Autodesk Inventor LT 2015

    CERN Document Server

    Waguespack, Curtis

    2014-01-01

    A comprehensive guide to Autodesk Inventor and Inventor LT This detailed reference and tutorial provides straightforward explanations, real-world examples, and practical tutorials that focus squarely on teaching Autodesk Inventor tips, tricks, and techniques. The book also includes a project at the beginning to help those new to Inventor quickly understand key interface conventions and capabilities. In addition, there is more information on Inventor LT, new practice drawings at the end of each chapter to reinforce lessons learned, and thorough coverage of all of Inventor's new features. The au

  1. LT COL F.F. PIENAAR'S BOER WAR DIARY

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    LT COL F.F. PIENAAR'S BOER WAR DIARY. (PART II). Brig J.H. Picard, SM*. FREE STATE TO ..... bing up and down on his master's spare horse. ... Jantjie and his master turned out of the road, and ..... on a list which burghers could afford to.

  2. Potential probiotic of Lactobacillus johnsonii LT171 for chicken ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The objective of this research was to investigate the potential probiotic of Lactobacillus johnsonii LT171. It had aggregation (60 min) and antibacterial effects against Salmonella Enteritidis, Salmonella Typhimurium and Escherichia coli O78:K80. It showed amylase and protease activity and high clear zone in culture medium ...

  3. Ripple design of LT codes for AWGN channel

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Jesper Hemming; Koike-Akino, Toshiaki; Orlik, Philip

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, we present an analytical framework for designing LT codes in additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN) channels. We show that some of analytical results from binary erasure channels (BEC) also hold in AWGN channels with slight modifications. This enables us to apply a ripple-based design...

  4. 2012 ETA Guidelines: The Use of L-T4 + L-T3 in the Treatment of Hypothyroidism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nygaard, Birte

    2012-01-01

    . Results: Suggested explanations for persisting symptoms include: awareness of a chronic disease, presence of associated autoimmune diseases, thyroid autoimmunity per se, and inadequacy of L-T4 treatment to restore physiological thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3) concentrations in serum and tissues...

  5. Containment pressure analysis model using CONTEMPT-LT

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gupta, R.N.

    1975-09-01

    An analytical model for evaluating the reactor containment pressure transient following a loss-of-coolant accident (LOCA) is presented. The model uses the CONTEMPT-LT computer program developed by Aerojet Nuclear Company. The sample problem studied is the containment response following the most severe postulated LOCA at the Yankee Rowe Nuclear Power Station. The results show good agreement with the response predicted by Westinghouse Electric Corporation. (auth)

  6. Structural characterization of the Salmonella typhimurium LT2 umu operon

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Thomas, S.M.; Crowne, H.M.; Pidsley, S.C.; Sedgwick, S.G.

    1990-01-01

    The umuDC operon of Escherichia coli encodes functions required for mutagenesis induced by radiation and a wide variety of chemicals. The closely related organism Salmonella typhimurium is markedly less mutable than E. coli, but a umu homolog has recently been identified and cloned from the LT2 subline. In this study the nucleotide sequence and structure of the S. typhimurium LT2 umu operon have been determined and its gene products have been identified so that the molecular basis of umu activity might be understood more fully. S. typhimurium LT2 umu consists of a smaller 417-base-pair (bp) umuD gene ending 2 bp upstream of a larger 1,266-bp umuC gene. The only apparent structural difference between the two operons is the lack of gene overlap. An SOS box identical to that found in E. coli is present in the promoter region upstream of umuD. The calculated molecular masses of the umuD and umuC gene products were 15.3 and 47.8 kilodaltons, respectively, which agree with figures determined by transpositional disruption and maxicell analysis. The S. typhimurium and E. coli umuD sequences were 68% homologous and encoded products with 71% amino acid identity; the umuC sequences were 71% homologous and encoded products with 83% amino acid identity. Furthermore, the potential UmuD cleavage site and associated catalytic sites could be identified. Thus the very different mutagenic responses of S. typhimurium LT2 and E. coli cannot be accounted for by gross differences in operon structure or gene products. Rather, the ability of the cloned S. typhimurium umuD gene to give stronger complementation of E. coli umuD77 mutants in the absence of a functional umuC gene suggests that Salmonella UmuC protein normally constrains UmuD protein activity

  7. Kinetic studies on binding of thyroid hormones (L-T3 and L-T4) to the receptors of lymphocyte cells isolated from uraemia subjects

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Al-Sultani, A.S.J.

    1989-01-01

    The levels of L-T 3 , L-T 4 and TSH in uremic sera have been measured by (RIA), and shown to have a decrease in both L-T 3 and L-T 4 levels with normal level of TSH for most specimens used in this study. Kinetics properties for binding of thyroid hormones L-T 3 and L-T 4 with nuclear receptors of human lymphocyte cells extracted from uremic patient have been studied and compared this result with control and hypothyroidism subjects and we obtained that uremic condition have a large effect on these nuclear receptors properties. Dissociation constant (K d ) and maximal binding capacity (MBC) of both L-T 3 and L-T 4 with these nuclear receptors have been determined, and we obtained that uremic condition did not affect on (K d ) values for both L-T 3 and L-T 4 but it affected on (MBC) values compared with normal subject. 8 tabs.; 25 figs.; 203 refs

  8. Low temperature solid oxide electrolytes (LT-SOE): A review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, B.; Ghosh, S.; Aich, S.; Roy, B.

    2017-01-01

    Low temperature solid oxide fuel cell (LT-SOFC) can be a source of power for vehicles, online grid, and at the same time reduce system cost, offer high reliability, and fast start-up. A huge amount of research work, as evident from the literature has been conducted for the enhancement of the ionic conductivity of LT electrolytes in the last few years. The basic conduction mechanisms, advantages and disadvantages of different LT oxide ion conducting electrolytes {BIMEVOX systems, bilayer systems including doped cerium oxide/stabilised bismuth oxide and YSZ/DCO}, mixed ion conducting electrolytes {doped cerium oxides/alkali metal carbonate composites}, and proton conducting electrolytes {doped and undoped BaCeO3, BaZrO3, etc.} are discussed here based on the recent research articles. Effect of various material aspects (composition, doping, layer thickness, etc.), fabrication methods (to achieve different microstructures and particle size), design related strategies (interlayer, sintering aid etc.), characterization temperature & environment on the conductivity of the electrolytes and performance of the fuel cells made from these electrolytes are shown in tabular form and discussed. The conductivity of the electrolytes and performance of the corresponding fuel cells are compared. Other applications of the electrolytes are mentioned. A few considerations regarding the future prospects are pointed.

  9. Low expression of CysLT1R and high expression of CysLT2R mediate good prognosis in colorectal cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Magnusson, Cecilia; Mezhybovska, Maryna; Lörinc, Ester

    2010-01-01

    Colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer type in the Western world. In search of new treatment possibilities, the inflammation mediators, know as cysteinyl leukotrienes (CysLTs), have been shown to regulate intestinal epithelial cell survival and proliferation via the CysLT(1)R, and cell...... microarray of 329 colorectal patients. We found that high nuclear expression of CysLT(1)R is associated with a poor prognosis, whereas high nuclear expression of CysLT(2)R is associated with a good prognosis. We also observed that patients with colorectal tumours characterised by high CysLT(1)R but low Cys...

  10. Autodesk Inventor 2013 and Autodesk Inventor LT 2013 essentials

    CERN Document Server

    Tremblay, Thom

    2012-01-01

    Get up to speed with Autodesk Inventor, the leading manufacturing design program This Autodesk Official Training Guide thoroughly covers the fundamentals of Autodesk Inventor 2013 and Inventor LT 2013. Focusing on basics such as using the interface, creating parts and assemblies, applying standards and styles, creating 2D drawings from 3D data, and more, it teaches you everything you need to become quickly productive with the software. Whether you're a new student learning CAD, preparing for certification, or updating your Inventor skills, this is the fast, thorough grounding you need. Featu

  11. Variability of Two Young L/T Transition Brown Dwarfs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allers, Katelyn; Biller, Beth; Gallimore, Jack; Crossfield, Ian

    2015-10-01

    We propose for photometric monitoring observations of WISEP J004701.06+680352 (hereinafter W0047) and 2MASSWJ2244316+204343 (hereinafter 2M2244) using Spitzer/IRAC. Both objects are kinematically confirmed L7 members of the 150 Myr old AB Doradus moving group and show remarkable spectral similarity in both the near-IR and optical. The WoW survey found that L/T transition brown dwarfs having detected mid-IR variability are redder than the typical J - K color for their spectral type. A Cycle 11 exploration program (P.I. Metchev) is investigating the geometrical dependence of color and variability by expanding the original WoW sample. If inclination and J - K color are correlated (as predicted by Metchev et al.), then the spectral and photometric diversity seen across the L/T transition could be explained by geometry rather than diversity in atmospheric chemistry and dynamics. This would have wide ranging implications for the way we model cloud dissipation for brown dwarfs and extrasolar planets. Our proposed observations will provide an important test of the Metchev et al. prediction complementary to their Cycle 11 program. W0047 and 2M2244 are the same age, and have remarkably similar colors (J - K = 2.55 and 2.46 mags, respectively) and underlying spectra. Thus, if Metchev's prediction about the correlation of inclination and spectral morphology holds true, we would expect that W0047 and 2M2244 should have similar inclinations. However, the measured v sin(i) values for W0047 and 2M2244 are quite different. This difference in v sin(i) could be due to spin-axis inclination (with W0047 having a smaller i) or orbital period (with W0047 having a longer period), both of which we will determine from our proposed observations. This test is a unique opportunity, as there are no other free-floating L/T transition dwarfs known to be both coeval and spectrally similar. Our proposed observations will also extend the spectral type range for young objects surveyed for variability

  12. Mastering Autodesk Inventor 2014 and Autodesk Inventor LT 2014

    CERN Document Server

    Waguespack, Curtis

    2013-01-01

    An Autodesk Official Press guide to the powerful mechanical design software Autodesk Inventor has been used to design everything from cars and airplanes to appliances and furniture. This comprehensive guide to Inventor and Inventor LT features real-world workflows and work environments, and is packed with practical tutorials that focus on teaching Inventor tips, tricks, and techniques. Additionally, you can download datasets to jump in and practice on any exercise. This reference and tutorial explains key interface conventions, capabilities, tools, and techniques, including desi

  13. Autodesk Inventor 2012 and Inventor LT 2012 Essentials

    CERN Document Server

    Tremblay, Thom

    2011-01-01

    Essential guide to learning Autodesk Inventor and Inventor LT The new Essentials books from Sybex are beautiful, task-based, full-color Autodesk Official Training Guides that help you get up to speed on Autodesk topics quickly and easily. Inventor Essentials thoroughly covers core features and functions of Autodesk's industry-leading 3D mechanical design software, teaching you what you need to become quickly productive with the software. By following the book's clear explanations, practical tutorials, and step-by-step exercises, you'll cover all the bases. Topics include drawing, modeling part

  14. AutoCAD / AutoCAD LT 2014 fundamentals metric

    CERN Document Server

    ASCENT center for technical knowledge

    2014-01-01

    The objective of AutoCAD/AutoCAD LT 2014 Fundamentals is to enable students to create a basic 2D drawing in the AutoCAD software. Even at this fundamental level, the AutoCAD software is one of the most sophisticated computer applications that you are likely to encounter. Therefore learning to use it can be challenging. To make the process easier and provide flexibility for instructors and students, the training guide is divided into two parts that can be taken independently.

  15. A Systematic Review of Clinical Practice Guidelines' Recommendations on Levothyroxine Therapy Alone versus Combination Therapy (LT4 plus LT3) for Hypothyroidism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kraut, Eyal; Farahani, Pendar

    2015-12-04

    Patients with hypothyroidism are increasingly enquiring about the benefit of using combination therapy of levothyroxine (LT4) and liothyronine (LT3) as a potential treatment for hypothyroidism. Combination therapy, however, remains controversial. The purpose of this study was to systematically review available hypothyroidism treatment recommendations from clinical practice guidelines from around the world to identify the consensus regarding combination therapy. Clinical practice guidelines were obtained from searches of PubMed, EMBASE, and MEDLINE, using several combinations of MeSH terms. The search was limited to clinical guidelines in English-language publications, published between January 1, 1990 and May 1, 2015. A quantitative approach was utilized for data synthesis. Thirteen guidelines were identified, including three regarding pregnancy, two regarding pediatric populations and eight regarding adult populations. There were six guidelines from North America, four guidelines from Europe and three guidelines from South America. Twelve of the guidelines were published after 2010. Nine guidelines addressed combination therapy of LT4 plus LT3, and all nine concluded that LT4 therapy alone is the standard of care, with insufficient evidence to recommend widespread combination therapy. Only the 2012 ETA Guidelines and the 2015 BTA Guidelines concluded that combination therapy could be used, although only in certain circumstances and as an experimental treatment. This systematic review illustrates that clinical practice guidelines worldwide do not recommend and do not support routine use of combination LT4 and LT3 therapy to treat hypothyroidism.

  16. Feedback in LT codes for prioritized and non-prioritized data

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Jesper Hemming; Popovski, Petar; Østergaard, Jan

    2012-01-01

    In this paper feedback in LT codes is investigated. The considered type of feedback is acknowledgments, where information on which symbols have been decoded is given to the transmitter. Our analysis reveals that acknowledgments has a very low potential in LT codes with standard degree distributions....... Motivated by this, we analyze the impact of acknowledgments on multi-layer LT codes. In this case, feedback proves advantageous. By using only a single feedback message, it is possible to achieve a significant performance improvement compared to traditional LT codes....

  17. Increasing doses effect of L-T4 and L-T3 in the hypothalamus - hypophysis - thyroid in patients carrier of congenital and acquired hypothyroidism

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cavaliere, H.

    1987-01-01

    The pituitary and peripheral response to L-T4 and L-T3 therapy were studied in 12 patients with congenital goitrous hypothyroidism, in 10 patients with an ectopic thyroid and onset of hypothyroidism at 3-8 years of age, and in 6 patients with adult-onset hypothyroidism, after they had had their chronic thyroid hormone replacement therapy discontinued for 30 days. They were first treated with increasing L-T4 (0.1, 0.2, and 0.4 mg daily) followed by L-T3 (0.05 and 0.2 mg daily) after stopping thyroid medication for another month. Ten normal subjects were treated identically. Since all patients received similar doses of thyroid hormones (μg/Kg of body weight) and had similar serum levels of T4 and T3 on each dose of L-T4 or L-T3, this paper concludes that congenitally hypothyroid patients have persistent pituitary resistance, but no peripheral resistance, to thyroid hormone. (author)

  18. Review of James L. Baughman, Jennifer Ratner-Rosenhagen, and James P. Danky, eds, Protest on the Page: Essays on Print and the Culture of Dissent since 1865 (2015

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Zirra

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available James L. Baughman, Jennifer Ratner-Rosenhagen, and James P. Danky, eds, Protest on the Page: Essays on Print and the Culture of Dissent since 1865 (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 2015. xv + 259 pp. ISBN 978-0-299-30284-9.

  19. CysLT(1)R antagonists inhibit tumor growth in a xenograft model of colon cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Savari, Sayeh; Liu, Minghui; Zhang, Yuan; Sime, Wondossen; Sjölander, Anita

    2013-01-01

    The expression of the inflammatory G-protein coupled receptor CysLT1R has been shown to be upregulated in colon cancer patients and associated with poor prognosis. The present study investigated the correlation between CysLT1R and colon cancer development in vivo using CysLT1R antagonists (ZM198,615 or Montelukast) and the nude mouse xenograft model. Two drug administration regimens were established. The first regimen was established to investigate the importance of CysLT1R in tumor initiation. Nude mice were inoculated with 50 µM CysLT1R antagonist-pretreated HCT-116 colon cancer cells and received continued treatment (5 mg/kg/day, intraperitoneally). The second regimen aimed to address the role of CysLT1R in tumor progression. Nude mice were inoculated with non-pretreated HCT-116 cells and did not receive CysLT1R antagonist treatment until recordable tumor appearance. Both regimens resulted in significantly reduced tumor size, attributed to changes in proliferation and apoptosis as determined by reduced Ki-67 levels and increased levels of p21(WAF/Cip1) (Pcolon cancer cell line HCT-116 and CysLT1R antagonists. In addition to significant reductions in cell proliferation, adhesion and colony formation, we observed induction of cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in a dose-dependent manner. The ability of Montelukast to inhibit growth of human colon cancer xenograft was further validated by using two additional colon cancer cell lines, SW-480 and HT-29. Our results demonstrate that CysLT1R antagonists inhibit growth of colon cancer xenografts primarily by reducing proliferation and inducing apoptosis of the tumor cells.

  20. The Application of LT-Table in TRIZ Contradiction Resolving Process

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wei, Zihui; Li, Qinghai; Wang, Donglin; Tian, Yumei

    TRIZ is used to resolve invention problems. ARIZ is the most powerful systematic method which integrates all of TRIZ heuristics. Definition of ideal final result (IFR), identification of contradictions and resource utilization are main lines of ARIZ. But resource searching of ARIZ has fault of blindness. Alexandr sets up mathematical model of transformation of the hereditary information in an invention problem using the theory of catastrophes, and provides method of resource searching using LT-table. The application of LT-table on contradiction resolving is introduced. Resource utilization using LT-table is joined into ARIZ step as an addition of TRIZ, apply this method in separator paper punching machine design.

  1. Effects of 18 months of L-T4 replacement in women with subclinical hypothyroidism.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Adrees, M

    2012-02-01

    CONTEXT: Some of the cardiovascular and renal abnormalities seen in overt hypothyroidism have also been reported in subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH). Short-term L-T4 replacement in SCH improves cardiovascular risk markers and reduces carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT), a surrogate marker of atherosclerosis. The haemodynamic and renal effects of L-T4 replacement in SCH are poorly understood. OBJECTIVES: To compare cardiovascular risk factors and renal variables in women with SCH and normal women. To study the effects of L-T4 replacement in SCH subjects on these variables and on structural and functional changes in common carotid and brachial arteries. DESIGN: Fifty-six women with SCH before and after L-T4 replacement for 18 months and 56 normal women of similar age distribution were studied. Blood Pressure (BP), plasma lipids and homocysteine were measured and renal function evaluated [estimation of glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) using standard equations and measurement of serum Cystatin-C] in women with SCH before and after 18 months of l-T4, and in healthy women. CIMT and endothelial function (using brachial artery ultrasound) were studied before and after L-T4 in a subgroup of women with SCH. RESULTS: Systolic and diastolic BP, total cholesterol, triglyceride, LDL-cholesterol, lipoprotein(a) and homocysteine were greater in SCH (P < 0.05), and following L-T4 replacement decreased (P < 0.05) to levels that no longer differed from normal subjects. Estimated GFR was reduced and serum Cystatin-C increased (P < 0.05) in SCH. These variables also normalized following L-T4. Following L-T4 replacement the carotid artery baseline diameter increased by 7.1% and CIMT decreased by a mean value of 13%, while brachial artery diameter increased basally by 12.5% and following endothelium-dependent vasodilatation by 17.5% (P < 0.05). However, the increment following reactive hyperaemia did not differ before or following L-T4 replacement. CONCLUSION: Normalization of

  2. A novel formulation of L-thyroxine (L-T4) reduces the problem of L-T4 malabsorption by coffee observed with traditional tablet formulations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vita, Roberto; Saraceno, Giovanna; Trimarchi, Francesco; Benvenga, Salvatore

    2013-02-01

    The purpose of this work is to evaluate if the coffee-associated malabsorption of tablet levothyroxine (L-T4) is reduced by soft gel capsule. We recruited 8 patients with coffee-associated L-T4 malabsorption including one hypothyroid patient. For 6 months, the patients were switched to the capsule maintaining the L-T4 daily dose. Patients took the capsule with water, having coffee 1 h later (proper habit, PH) on days 1-90, or with coffee ≤ 5 min later (improper habit, IH) on days 91-180. After 6 months, 2 patients volunteered for an acute loading test of 600 μg L-T4 (capsule) ingested with water (PH) or with coffee (IH). In the single hypothyroid patient, the post-switch TSH ranged 0.06-0.16 mU/L (PH) versus 5.8-22.4 mU/L pre-switch (PH) and 0.025-0.29 mU/L (IH) versus 26-34 mU/L pre-switch (IH). In the other 7 patients, post-switch TSH was 0.41 ± 0.46 (PH) versus 0.28 ± 0.20 pre-switch (PH) (P = 0.61) and 0.34 ± 0.30 (IH) versus 1.23 ± 1.47 pre-switch (IH) (P coffee influenced L-T4 pharmacokinetics minimally. Soft gel capsules can be used in patients who are unable/unwilling to change their IH of taking L-T4.

  3. Mainosideoista sähköisiin sisältöihin : sisältöstrategian merkitys mainostoimistojen digitaalisissa palveluissa

    OpenAIRE

    Pasanen, Riikka

    2012-01-01

    Sisältöstrategia on suunnittelukäytäntö, jonka tähtää liiketoiminnallisiin tavoitteisiin vaikuttavan verkkosisällön avulla. Tutkimuksessa tarkastellaan hyvän verkkosisällön kriteerejä ja pohditaan, voisiko mainostoimisto ottaa oppia sisältöstrategian käytännöistä ja tarjota sen avulla parempaa palvelua asiakkailleen. Tutkimusta varten on haastateltu neljää mainonnan strategisen suunnittelun ja asiakasjohdon ammattilaista, joiden näkemyksiä on peilattu tutkijan pitkään kokemukseen alalta sekä ...

  4. Genetic influences on ovulation of primary oocytes in LT/Sv strain mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Everett, Clare A; Auchincloss, Catherine A; Kaufman, Matthew H; Abbott, Catherine M; West, John D

    2004-11-01

    A high proportion of LT/Sv strain oocytes arrest in meiotic metaphase I (MI) and are ovulated as diploid primary oocytes rather than haploid secondary oocytes. (Mus musculus castaneus x LT/SvKau)F1 x LT/SvKau backcross females were analysed for the proportion of oocytes that arrested in MI and typed by PCR for a panel of microsatellite DNA sequences (simple sequence repeat polymorphisms) that differed between strain LT/SvKau and M. m. castaneus. This provided a whole genome scan of 86 genetic markers distributed over all 19 autosomes and the X chromosome, and revealed genetic linkage of the MI arrest phenotype to markers on chromosomes 1 and 9. Identification of these two chromosomal regions should facilitate the identification of genes involved in mammalian oocyte maturation and the control of meiosis.

  5. ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY VERIFICATION REPORT LASER TOUCH AND TECHNOLOGIES, LLC LASER TOUCH MODEL LT-B512

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Environmental Technology Verification report discusses the technology and performance of Laser Touch model LT-B512 targeting device manufactured by Laser Touch and Technologies, LLC, for manual spray painting operations. The relative transfer efficiency (TE) improved an avera...

  6. Thermoelectric coefficient L(T) of polycrystalline silver doped BSCCO samples

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rodriguez, J.E.; Marino, A.

    1998-01-01

    We present a study of the thermoelectric coefficient L(T) of polycrystalline silver doped BSCCO samples. The quantity L(T) relates the thermoelectric coefficient S(T) with the electrical conductivity σ (T) and gives an indication of the influence of the order parameter fluctuations (OPF) on S(T) in the mean field region (Mfr). The results of L(T) indicate that the critical behavior of S(T) above the superconducting transition is not only driven by σ (T). These results suggest that in the Mfr, L(T) is affected by thermodynamic fluctuations of the superconducting order parameter (OPF). The OPF effects show a two-dimensional (2D) character in the entire Mfr. (Author)

  7. The Saccharomyces boulardii CNCM I-745 Strain Shows Protective Effects against the B. anthracis LT Toxin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodolphe Pontier-Bres

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The probiotic yeast Saccharomyces boulardii (S. boulardii has been prescribed for the prophylaxis and treatment of several infectious diarrheal diseases. Gastrointestinal anthrax causes fatal systemic disease. In the present study, we investigated the protective effects conferred by Saccharomyces boulardii CNCM I-745 strain on polarized T84 columnar epithelial cells intoxicated by the lethal toxin (LT of Bacillus anthracis. Exposure of polarized T84 cells to LT affected cell monolayer integrity, modified the morphology of tight junctions and induced the formation of actin stress fibers. Overnight treatment of cells with S. boulardii before incubation with LT maintained the integrity of the monolayers, prevented morphological modification of tight junctions, restricted the effects of LT on actin remodeling and delayed LT-induced MEK-2 cleavage. Mechanistically, we demonstrated that in the presence of S. boulardii, the medium is depleted of both LF and PA sub-units of LT and the appearance of a cleaved form of PA. Our study highlights the potential of the S. boulardii CNCM I-745 strain as a prophylactic agent against the gastrointestinal form of anthrax.

  8. The Saccharomyces boulardii CNCM I-745 strain shows protective effects against the B. anthracis LT toxin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pontier-Bres, Rodolphe; Rampal, Patrick; Peyron, Jean-François; Munro, Patrick; Lemichez, Emmanuel; Czerucka, Dorota

    2015-10-30

    The probiotic yeast Saccharomyces boulardii (S. boulardii) has been prescribed for the prophylaxis and treatment of several infectious diarrheal diseases. Gastrointestinal anthrax causes fatal systemic disease. In the present study, we investigated the protective effects conferred by Saccharomyces boulardii CNCM I-745 strain on polarized T84 columnar epithelial cells intoxicated by the lethal toxin (LT) of Bacillus anthracis. Exposure of polarized T84 cells to LT affected cell monolayer integrity, modified the morphology of tight junctions and induced the formation of actin stress fibers. Overnight treatment of cells with S. boulardii before incubation with LT maintained the integrity of the monolayers, prevented morphological modification of tight junctions, restricted the effects of LT on actin remodeling and delayed LT-induced MEK-2 cleavage. Mechanistically, we demonstrated that in the presence of S. boulardii, the medium is depleted of both LF and PA sub-units of LT and the appearance of a cleaved form of PA. Our study highlights the potential of the S. boulardii CNCM I-745 strain as a prophylactic agent against the gastrointestinal form of anthrax.

  9. Jennifer Leavy and Colin Poulton

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    commercialization means more than the marketing of agricultural output, it means the product choice ... is still live). However ... Livestock, aquaculture and other forms of agriculture are not within the scope of this paper, although the arguments ...

  10. Persistence of Salmonella Typhimurium LT2 in Soil Enhanced after Growth in Lettuce Medium

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kornelia Smalla

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available The persistence of Salmonella in the environment is influenced by a multitude of biotic and abiotic factors. In addition, its persistence can be influenced by preadaptation before the introduction into the environment. In order to study how preadaptation changes the survival of Salmonella in soil and therefore its potential to colonize the phytosphere, we developed a new medium based on lettuce material [lettuce medium (LM]. Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium strain LT2 was used as a model for Salmonella in this study. LT2 was inoculated into soil microcosms after pregrowth in Luria Bertani (LB broth or in LM. Survival of LT2 in soil was monitored over 56 days by plate counts and quantification of the Typhimurium-specific gene STM4497 using qPCR in total community DNA for which primers and TaqMan probe were designed in this study. Significantly enhanced persistence was observed for LT2 pregrown in LM compared to LT2 pregrown in LB, indicating a preadaptation effect. Surprisingly, no improved survival could be observed for S. Typhimurium strain 14028s and S. enterica serovar Senftenberg after pregrowth on LM. This indicates a high strain specificity of preadaptation. Results from previous studies suggested that biofilm formation could enhance the survival of human pathogens in various environments and might contribute to enhanced survival on plants. In vitro biofilm assays with several Salmonella strains revealed a strain-specific effect of LM on the biofilm formation. While LM significantly improved the biofilm formation of S. Senftenberg, the biofilm formation of LT2 was better in LB. This indicates that the better survival of LM-pregrown LT2 in soil was not linked to an improved ability to form biofilms but was likely due to other factors. Most importantly, this study showed that the medium used to pregrow Salmonella can influence its survival in soil and its biofilm formation which might influence the fate of Salmonella in soil.

  11. Comparison Results on the Basic Phenomena between CAP and CONTEMPT-LT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Choo, Yeon Joon; Hong, Soon Joon; Hwang, Su Hyun; Kim, Min Ki; Lee, Byung Chul [FNC Tech., SNU, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Ha, Sang Jun; Choi, Hoon [KHNP Central Research Institute, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2011-10-15

    A development project for the domestic design code was launched to be used for the safety and performance analysis of pressurized light water reactors. As a part of this project, CAP (Containment Analysis Package) code has been developing for the containment safety and performance analysis side by side with SPACE. CAP Beta version has been released lately and validation processes are under way currently. Code by code comparison activity is scheduled in the validation processes and the first comparable code is CONTEMPT-LT. CONTEMPT-LT was developed to predict the longterm behavior of water-cooled nuclear reactor containment systems subjected to postulated loss-ofcoolant accident (LOCA) conditions. CONTEMPT-LT calculates the time variation of compartment pressures, temperatures, mass and energy inventories, heat structure temperature distributions, and energy exchange with adjacent compartments, leakage on containment response. Models are provided for fan cooler and cooling spray as engineered safety systems. Any compartment may have both a liquid pool region and an air-vapor atmosphere region above the pool. Each region is assumed to have a uniform temperature, but the temperatures of the two regions may be different. As mentioned above, CONTEMP-LT has the similar code features and it, therefore, is expected to show the similar analysis performance with CAP. In this study, the code performances were compared for the same phenomena between CAP and CONTEMPT-LT. Code comparison is carried out through two stages; separate and integral effect comparison

  12. Comparison Results on the Basic Phenomena between CAP and CONTEMPT-LT

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Choo, Yeon Joon; Hong, Soon Joon; Hwang, Su Hyun; Kim, Min Ki; Lee, Byung Chul; Ha, Sang Jun; Choi, Hoon

    2011-01-01

    A development project for the domestic design code was launched to be used for the safety and performance analysis of pressurized light water reactors. As a part of this project, CAP (Containment Analysis Package) code has been developing for the containment safety and performance analysis side by side with SPACE. CAP Beta version has been released lately and validation processes are under way currently. Code by code comparison activity is scheduled in the validation processes and the first comparable code is CONTEMPT-LT. CONTEMPT-LT was developed to predict the longterm behavior of water-cooled nuclear reactor containment systems subjected to postulated loss-ofcoolant accident (LOCA) conditions. CONTEMPT-LT calculates the time variation of compartment pressures, temperatures, mass and energy inventories, heat structure temperature distributions, and energy exchange with adjacent compartments, leakage on containment response. Models are provided for fan cooler and cooling spray as engineered safety systems. Any compartment may have both a liquid pool region and an air-vapor atmosphere region above the pool. Each region is assumed to have a uniform temperature, but the temperatures of the two regions may be different. As mentioned above, CONTEMP-LT has the similar code features and it, therefore, is expected to show the similar analysis performance with CAP. In this study, the code performances were compared for the same phenomena between CAP and CONTEMPT-LT. Code comparison is carried out through two stages; separate and integral effect comparison

  13. Rotavirus 2/6 Viruslike Particles Administered Intranasally with Cholera Toxin, Escherichia coli Heat-Labile Toxin (LT), and LT-R192G Induce Protection from Rotavirus Challenge

    OpenAIRE

    O’Neal, Christine M.; Clements, John D.; Estes, Mary K.; Conner, Margaret E.

    1998-01-01

    We have shown that rotavirus 2/6 viruslike particles composed of proteins VP2 and VP6 (2/6-VLPs) administered to mice intranasally with cholera toxin (CT) induced protection from rotavirus challenge, as measured by virus shedding. Since it is unclear if CT will be approved for human use, we evaluated the adjuvanticity of Escherichia coli heat-labile toxin (LT) and LT-R192G. Mice were inoculated intranasally with 10 μg of 2/6-VLPs combined with CT, LT, or LT-R192G. All three adjuvants induced ...

  14. A SEARCH FOR L/T TRANSITION DWARFS WITH PAN-STARRS1 AND WISE. II. L/T TRANSITION ATMOSPHERES AND YOUNG DISCOVERIES

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Best, William M. J.; Liu, Michael C.; Magnier, Eugene A.; Aller, Kimberly M.; Chambers, K. C.; Flewelling, H.; Hodapp, K. W.; Kaiser, N.; Tonry, J. L.; Wainscoat, R. J.; Waters, C.; Deacon, Niall R.; Redstone, Joshua; Burgett, W. S.; Draper, P.; Metcalfe, N.

    2015-01-01

    The evolution of brown dwarfs from L to T spectral types is one of the least understood aspects of the ultracool population, partly for lack of a large, well-defined, and well-characterized sample in the L/T transition. To improve the existing census, we have searched ≈28,000 deg 2 using the Pan-STARRS1 and Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer surveys for L/T transition dwarfs within 25 pc. We present 130 ultracool dwarf discoveries with estimated distances ≈9–130 pc, including 21 that were independently discovered by other authors and 3 that were previously identified as photometric candidates. Seventy-nine of our objects have near-IR spectral types of L6–T4.5, the most L/T transition dwarfs from any search to date, and we have increased the census of L9–T1.5 objects within 25 pc by over 50%. The color distribution of our discoveries provides further evidence for the “L/T gap,” a deficit of objects with (J − K) MKO  ≈ 0.0–0.5 mag in the L/T transition, and thus reinforces the idea that the transition from cloudy to clear photospheres occurs rapidly. Among our discoveries are 31 candidate binaries based on their low-resolution spectral features. Two of these candidates are common proper motion companions to nearby main sequence stars; if confirmed as binaries, these would be rare benchmark systems with the potential to stringently test ultracool evolutionary models. Our search also serendipitously identified 23 late-M and L dwarfs with spectroscopic signs of low gravity implying youth, including 10 with vl-g or int-g gravity classifications and another 13 with indications of low gravity whose spectral types or modest spectral signal-to-noise ratio do not allow us to assign formal classifications. Finally, we identify 10 candidate members of nearby young moving groups (YMG) with spectral types L7–T4.5, including three showing spectroscopic signs of low gravity. If confirmed, any of these would be among the coolest known YMG members and would

  15. Corrections and additions to CONTEMPT-LT computer codes for containment analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Eerikaeinen, Lauri.

    1980-01-01

    The report presents a new version of CONTEMPT-LT/26 tainment code. The corrections and additions are applicable also to other CONTEMPT-LT versions. Thermodynamical background of corrections are shortly described, and in addition, some essential points which should be taken into account in the analysis of a pressure suppression containment have been pointed out. The results obtained by the corrected version have been compared to those calculated by the original program, and to the measured data in the Marviken containment experiment No 10. Finally, it has been indicated that for reliable pressure suppression analysis a wide ranging condensation model for air-steam mixture is necessary. (author)

  16. AutoCAD 2015 and AutoCAD LT 2015 bible

    CERN Document Server

    Finkelstein, Ellen

    2014-01-01

    The perfect reference for all AutoCAD users AutoCAD 2015 and AutoCAD LT 2015 Bible is the book you want to have close at hand to answer those day-to-day questions about this industry-leading software. Author and Autodesk University instructor Ellen Finkelstein guides readers through AutoCAD 2015 and AutoCAD LT 2015 with clear, easy-to-understand instruction and hands-on tutorials that allow even total beginners to create a design on their very first day. Although simple and fundamental enough to be used by those new to CAD, the book is so comprehensive that even Autodesk power u

  17. Investigation of Public Charging Infrastructure : Case study Gränby sportfält

    OpenAIRE

    Dahl, Emma; Hedström, Andreas; Lindgren, Anna

    2017-01-01

    The municipal company Sportfastigheter AB is currently renovating and developing Gränby sportfält, a sports field in Uppsala. Adjacent to the sports field, a parking lot for 700 vehicles is located, where Sportfastigheter AB is preparing to install charging points for electric vehicles (EVs) at some of the places. This bachelor thesis aims to investigate how a public charging solution should be modeled, with the parking lot at Gränby sportfält as a case study. The investigation involves estim...

  18. Characterization of LT-LiXO1-YNIYO2 electrodes for rechargeable lithium cells

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Gummow, RJ

    1993-12-01

    Full Text Available -spinel in character and that LT- Li0.4Co0.sNi0.102 is a defect spinel with spinel notation {Li0.s\\[:\\]0.2}sa \\[Co, 6Nio.2D0.2104. Electrochemical data.--The charge and discharge pro- files for the first four cycles of Li/LT-LiCoO2, Li... on the B sites of an A\\[B2104 spinel structure. The spinel phase is significantly more stable to lithium insertion/extraction reactions than the quasi-spinel phase. It is believed that by optimizing the processing conditions...

  19. [Survival properties of ETEC surface-displayed K88ac-LT(B) on Lactobacillus casei].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wei, Chunhua; Liu, Jiankui; Hou, Xilin; Wang, Guihua; Yu, Liyun

    2009-01-01

    K88ac-LT(B) gene derived from pQE30-K88ac-LT(B) was cloned into the expression vector pLA and then the recombinant vector was transformed into the competent cells Lactobacillus casei 525. The recombinant bacteria were grown at 37 degrees C, in MRS broth. Western blotting analysis with rabbit-anti-K88ac-LT(B) polyclonal serum indicated that the recombinant protein reacted with the specific antibodies. The results showed that the molecular weight of the recombinant protein was about 71.2 kD. The K88ac-LT(B) fusion protein on the cell surface was confirmed by immunofluorescence mciroscopy and flow cytometric analysis. In addition, the survival of recombinant Lactobacillus casei 525 was studied in imitative gastrointestinal environments such as artificial gastro fluid (pH 1.5-5.5), artificial intestinal fluid, bile(0.3-3.0 g/L). The results indicated that the recombinant strain survived well in artificial gastric fluids at pH 2.5-4.5 in 5 h. The recombinant Lactobacillus casei 525 could slowly grow in the artificial intestinal fluid for different time, and could survive in 0.3% bile.

  20. Airpower Leadership on the Front Line: Lt Gen George H. Brett and Combat Command

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-09-01

    was assigned the additional duty of unit photographer and historian, bequeathing a photo album depicting his adventures to his oldest daughter.10 Lt...his fellow residents with piano music when the men were off duty.21 At the close of the war Brett was a temporary major and listed among officers who

  1. Ion heating at the disruptive instability in the LT-3 Tokamak

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bell, M.G.; Hutchinson, I.H.

    1976-01-01

    Measurements of the ion temperature and the toroidal current density and electric field during the disruptive instability in LT-3 are presented. Rapid ion heating and strong current inhibition have been observed. Fluctuation measurements suggest that these effects may be attributable to the excitation of ion cyclotron drift waves in the plasma

  2. Rotavirus 2/6 Viruslike Particles Administered Intranasally with Cholera Toxin, Escherichia coli Heat-Labile Toxin (LT), and LT-R192G Induce Protection from Rotavirus Challenge

    Science.gov (United States)

    O’Neal, Christine M.; Clements, John D.; Estes, Mary K.; Conner, Margaret E.

    1998-01-01

    We have shown that rotavirus 2/6 viruslike particles composed of proteins VP2 and VP6 (2/6-VLPs) administered to mice intranasally with cholera toxin (CT) induced protection from rotavirus challenge, as measured by virus shedding. Since it is unclear if CT will be approved for human use, we evaluated the adjuvanticity of Escherichia coli heat-labile toxin (LT) and LT-R192G. Mice were inoculated intranasally with 10 μg of 2/6-VLPs combined with CT, LT, or LT-R192G. All three adjuvants induced equivalent geometric mean titers of rotavirus-specific serum antibody and intestinal immunoglobulin G (IgG). Mice inoculated with 2/6-VLPs with LT produced significantly higher titers of intestinal IgA than mice given CT as the adjuvant. All mice inoculated with 2/6-VLPs mixed with LT and LT-R192G were totally protected (100%) from rotavirus challenge, while mice inoculated with 2/6-VLPs mixed with CT showed a mean 91% protection from challenge. The availability of a safe, effective mucosal adjuvant such as LT-R192G will increase the practicality of administering recombinant vaccines mucosally. PMID:9525668

  3. Advancements in the treatment of hypothyroidism with L-T4 liquid formulation or soft gel capsule: an update.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fallahi, Poupak; Ferrari, Silvia Martina; Ruffilli, Ilaria; Ragusa, Francesca; Biricotti, Marco; Materazzi, Gabriele; Miccoli, Paolo; Antonelli, Alessandro

    2017-05-01

    The most recent advance concerning levothyroxine (L-T4) therapy is the development of novel oral formulations: the liquid preparation, and the soft gel capsule. Areas covered: This review evaluates the most recent clinical studies about these new formulations. The liquid formulation has been shown to overcome: the food and beverages intereference with L-T4 tablets absorption, caused by food or coffee at breakfast; malabsorption induced by the increased gastric pH, resulting from atrophic gastritis, or due to proton-pump inhibitors; and malabsorption after bariatric surgery. The use of liquid L-T4 has been studied also in pregnancy, newborns and infants, suggesting a better bioequivalence than tablets. Finally, liquid L-T4 is more active than tablets in the control of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) in hypothyroid patients without malabsorption, drug interference, or gastric disorders, leading to a hypothesized higher absorption of liquid L-T4 also in these patients. Few studies have evaluated soft gel L-T4 with promising results in patients with malabsorption related to coffee or gastritis. Expert opinion: Liquid L-T4 (and soft gel capsules) are more active than the tablet L-T4 in the control of TSH in hypothyroid patients with gastric disorders, malabsorption, or drug interference, but also in patients without absorption disorders.

  4. LT-CFB. Further development and commercialization. Final report. [Low Temperature Circulating Fluid Bed gasifier]; LT-CFB. Videreudvikling og kommercialisering. Slutrapport

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stoholm, P. [DFBT, Roskilde (Denmark); Birk Henriksen, U.; Ahrentfeldt, J. [Technical Univ. of Denmark. DTU Chemical Engineering, CHEC Research Centre, Roskilde (Denmark); Cramer, J.; Dietrich, J.; Christiansen, Knud [FORCE Technology, Kgs. Lyngby (Denmark); Krogh, J. [Anhydro A/S, Soeborg (Denmark)

    2011-12-15

    The starting point for the project was the good results achieved in a previous project, in which a series of experiments were carried out with a 500 kW pilot plant at teh Technical University of Denmark. The main task was then to find a way forward towards further scale-up, demonstration and commercialization. The project's partners chose to study three possible sites for demonstration. However, during the project both framework conditions as well as DONG Energy's strategy changed, which resulted in the company taking over the LT-CFB technology in December 2009. As a first step a 6 MW demonstration plant will now be set up at the Asnaes power plant expected to start in spring 2011. The project has also been buit a new mobile 100 kW LT-CFB plant for the further optimization of the process and for short-term trials of new fuels. At the new plant a number of successful trials were performed with straw and residual fibers. Furthermore, it is experimentally demonstrated that it is possible to cool the tar-containing gas to approx. 300 degrees C and purify the gas in a bag filter, so it can be used in natural gas-fired power plant boilers. With the new mobile system, it will now be easier to perform experiments with a number of new fuels such as unsorted municipal waste, bone meal and dried sewage sludge. (LN)

  5. Novel UEP LT Coding Scheme with Feedback Based on Different Degree Distributions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li Ya-Fang

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Traditional unequal error protection (UEP schemes have some limitations and problems, such as the poor UEP performance of high priority data and the seriously sacrifice of low priority data in decoding property. Based on the reasonable applications of different degree distributions in LT codes, this paper puts forward a novel UEP LT coding scheme with a simple feedback to compile these data packets separately. Simulation results show that the proposed scheme can effectively protect high priority data, and improve the transmission efficiency of low priority data from 2.9% to 22.3%. Furthermore, it is fairly suitable to apply this novel scheme to multicast and broadcast environments since only a simple feedback introduced.

  6. The Akashi Kaikyo Bridge and the Storebælt Bridge

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gimsing, Niels Jørgen

    1999-01-01

    With the completion of the Akashi Kaikyo Bridge and the Storebælt East Bridge the development of the suspension bridge technology in the 20th century has manifested itself in two impressive structures. With the present echnology may bridges of similar (and also more modest) dimensions...... will undoubtedly be built far into the next century. For bridges going beyond the spans of existing bridges it is, however, likely that new concepts will be developed....

  7. Nanoscale characterization and local piezoelectric properties of lead-free KNN-LT-LS thin films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abazari, M.; Choi, T.; Cheong, S.-W.; Safari, A.

    2010-01-01

    We report the observation of domain structure and piezoelectric properties of pure and Mn-doped (K0.44,Na0.52,Li0.04)(Nb0.84,Ta0.1,Sb0.06)O3 (KNN-LT-LS) thin films on SrTiO3 substrates. It is revealed that, using piezoresponse force microscopy, ferroelectric domain structure in such 500 nm thin films comprised of primarily 180° domains. This was in accordance with the tetragonal structure of the films, confirmed by relative permittivity measurements and x-ray diffraction patterns. Effective piezoelectric coefficient (d33) of the films were calculated using piezoelectric displacement curves and shown to be ~53 pm V-1 for pure KNN-LT-LS thin films. This value is among the highest values reported for an epitaxial lead-free thin film and shows a great potential for KNN-LT-LS to serve as an alternative to PZT thin films in future applications.

  8. Nanoscale characterization and local piezoelectric properties of lead-free KNN-LT-LS thin films

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Abazari, M; Safari, A [Glenn Howatt Electroceramics Laboratories, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Rutgers-The state University of New Jersey, Piscataway, NJ 08854 (United States); Choi, T; Cheong, S-W [Rutgers Center for Emergent Materials, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Rutgers-The state University of New Jersey, Piscataway, NJ 08854 (United States)

    2010-01-20

    We report the observation of domain structure and piezoelectric properties of pure and Mn-doped (K{sub 0.44},Na{sub 0.52},Li{sub 0.04})(Nb{sub 0.84},Ta{sub 0.1},Sb{sub 0.06})O{sub 3} (KNN-LT-LS) thin films on SrTiO{sub 3} substrates. It is revealed that, using piezoresponse force microscopy, ferroelectric domain structure in such 500 nm thin films comprised of primarily 180{sup 0} domains. This was in accordance with the tetragonal structure of the films, confirmed by relative permittivity measurements and x-ray diffraction patterns. Effective piezoelectric coefficient (d{sub 33}) of the films were calculated using piezoelectric displacement curves and shown to be {approx}53 pm V{sup -1} for pure KNN-LT-LS thin films. This value is among the highest values reported for an epitaxial lead-free thin film and shows a great potential for KNN-LT-LS to serve as an alternative to PZT thin films in future applications.

  9. MaLT - Combined Motor and Language Therapy Tool for Brain Injury Patients Using Kinect.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wairagkar, Maitreyee; McCrindle, Rachel; Robson, Holly; Meteyard, Lotte; Sperrin, Malcom; Smith, Andy; Pugh, Moyra

    2017-03-23

    The functional connectivity and structural proximity of elements of the language and motor systems result in frequent co-morbidity post brain injury. Although rehabilitation services are becoming increasingly multidisciplinary and "integrated", treatment for language and motor functions often occurs in isolation. Thus, behavioural therapies which promote neural reorganisation do not reflect the high intersystem connectivity of the neurologically intact brain. As such, there is a pressing need for rehabilitation tools which better reflect and target the impaired cognitive networks. The objective of this research is to develop a combined high dosage therapy tool for language and motor rehabilitation. The rehabilitation therapy tool developed, MaLT (Motor and Language Therapy), comprises a suite of computer games targeting both language and motor therapy that use the Kinect sensor as an interaction device. The games developed are intended for use in the home environment over prolonged periods of time. In order to track patients' engagement with the games and their rehabilitation progress, the game records patient performance data for the therapist to interrogate. MaLT incorporates Kinect-based games, a database of objects and language parameters, and a reporting tool for therapists. Games have been developed that target four major language therapy tasks involving single word comprehension, initial phoneme identification, rhyme identification and a naming task. These tasks have 8 levels each increasing in difficulty. A database of 750 objects is used to programmatically generate appropriate questions for the game, providing both targeted therapy and unique gameplay every time. The design of the games has been informed by therapists and by discussions with a Public Patient Involvement (PPI) group. Pilot MaLT trials have been conducted with three stroke survivors for the duration of 6 to 8 weeks. Patients' performance is monitored through MaLT's reporting facility

  10. Designing an efficient LT-code with unequal error protection for image transmission

    Science.gov (United States)

    S. Marques, F.; Schwartz, C.; Pinho, M. S.; Finamore, W. A.

    2015-10-01

    The use of images from earth observation satellites is spread over different applications, such as a car navigation systems and a disaster monitoring. In general, those images are captured by on board imaging devices and must be transmitted to the Earth using a communication system. Even though a high resolution image can produce a better Quality of Service, it leads to transmitters with high bit rate which require a large bandwidth and expend a large amount of energy. Therefore, it is very important to design efficient communication systems. From communication theory, it is well known that a source encoder is crucial in an efficient system. In a remote sensing satellite image transmission, this efficiency is achieved by using an image compressor, to reduce the amount of data which must be transmitted. The Consultative Committee for Space Data Systems (CCSDS), a multinational forum for the development of communications and data system standards for space flight, establishes a recommended standard for a data compression algorithm for images from space systems. Unfortunately, in the satellite communication channel, the transmitted signal is corrupted by the presence of noise, interference signals, etc. Therefore, the receiver of a digital communication system may fail to recover the transmitted bit. Actually, a channel code can be used to reduce the effect of this failure. In 2002, the Luby Transform code (LT-code) was introduced and it was shown that it was very efficient when the binary erasure channel model was used. Since the effect of the bit recovery failure depends on the position of the bit in the compressed image stream, in the last decade many e orts have been made to develop LT-code with unequal error protection. In 2012, Arslan et al. showed improvements when LT-codes with unequal error protection were used in images compressed by SPIHT algorithm. The techniques presented by Arslan et al. can be adapted to work with the algorithm for image compression

  11. CysLT2 receptor activation is involved in LTC4-induced lung air-trapping in guinea pigs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sekioka, Tomohiko; Kadode, Michiaki; Yonetomi, Yasuo; Kamiya, Akihiro; Fujita, Manabu; Nabe, Takeshi; Kawabata, Kazuhito

    2017-01-05

    CysLT 1 receptors are known to be involved in the pathogenesis of asthma. However, the functional roles of CysLT 2 receptors in this condition have not been determined. The purpose of this study is to develop an experimental model of CysLT 2 receptor-mediated LTC 4 -induced lung air-trapping in guinea pigs and use this model to clarify the mechanism underlying response to such trapping. Because LTC 4 is rapidly converted to LTD 4 by γ-glutamyltranspeptidase (γ-GTP) under physiological conditions, S-hexyl GSH was used as a γ-GTP inhibitor. In anesthetized artificially ventilated guinea pigs with no S-hexyl GSH treatment, i.v. LTC 4 -induced bronchoconstriction was almost completely inhibited by montelukast, a CysLT 1 receptor antagonist, but not by BayCysLT 2 RA, a CysLT 2 receptor antagonist. The inhibitory effect of montelukast was diminished by treatment with S-hexyl GSH, whereas the effect of BayCysLT 2 RA was enhanced with increasing dose of S-hexyl GSH. Macroscopic and histological examination of lung tissue isolated from LTC 4 -/S-hexyl-GSH-treated guinea pigs revealed air-trapping expansion, particularly at the alveolar site. Inhaled LTC 4 in conscious guinea pigs treated with S-hexyl GSH increased both airway resistance and airway hyperinflation. On the other hand, LTC 4 -induced air-trapping was only partially suppressed by treatment with the bronchodilator salmeterol. Although montelukast inhibition of LTC 4 -induced air-trapping was weak, treatment with BayCysLT 2 RA resulted in complete suppression of this air-trapping. Furthermore, BayCysLT 2 RA completely suppressed LTC 4 -induced airway vascular hyperpermeability. In conclusion, we found in this study that CysLT 2 receptors mediate LTC 4 -induced bronchoconstriction and air-trapping in S-hexyl GSH-treated guinea pigs. It is therefore believed that CysLT 2 receptors contribute to asthmatic response involving air-trapping. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  12. A role for inflammatory mediators in heterologous desensitization of CysLT1 receptor in human monocytes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Capra, Valérie; Accomazzo, Maria Rosa; Gardoni, Fabrizio; Barbieri, Silvia; Rovati, G. Enrico

    2010-01-01

    Cysteinyl-leukotrienes (cysteinyl-LT) are rapidly generated at sites of inflammation and, in addition to their role in asthma, rhinitis, and other immune disorders, are increasingly regarded as significant inflammatory factors in cancer, gastrointestinal, cardiovascular diseases. We recently demonstrated that in monocyte/macrophage–like U937 cells, extracellular nucleotides heterologously desensitize CysLT1 receptor (CysLT1R)-induced Ca2+ transients. Given that monocytes express a number of other inflammatory and chemoattractant receptors, this study was aimed at characterizing transregulation between these different stimuli. We demonstrate that in U937 cells and in primary human monocytes, a series of inflammatory mediators activating Gi-coupled receptor (FPR1, BLT1) desensitize CysLT1R-induced Ca2+ response unidirectionally through activation of PKC. Conversely, PAF-R, exclusively coupled to Gq, cross-desensitizes CysLT1R without the apparent involvement of any kinase. Interestingly, Gs-coupled receptors (β2AR, H1/2R, EP2/4R) are also able to desensitize CysLT1R response through activation of PKA. Heterologous desensitization seems to affect mostly the Gi-mediated signaling of the CysLT1R. The hierarchy of desensitization among agonists may be important for leukocyte signal processing at the site of inflammation. Considering that monocytes/macrophages are likely to be the major source of cysteinyl-LT in many immunological and inflammatory processes, shedding light on how their receptors are regulated will certainly help to better understand the role of these cells in orchestrating this complex network of integrated signals. PMID:19965602

  13. Preliminary calculation with code CONTEMPT-LT for spray cooling tests with JAERI model containment vessel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tanaka, Mitsugu

    1978-01-01

    LWR plants have a containment spray system to reduce the escape of radioactive material to the environment in a loss-of-coolant accident (LOCA) by washing out fission products, especially radioiodine, and condensing the steam to lower the pressure. For carrying out the containment spray tests, pressure and temperature behaviour of the JAERI Model Containment Vessel in spray cooling has been calculated with computer program CONTEMPT-LT. The following could be studied quantitatively: (1) pressure and temperature raise rates for steam addition rate and (2) pressure fall rate for spray flow rate and spray heat transfer efficiency. (auth.)

  14. SWAAM-LT: The long-term, sodium/water reaction analysis method computer code

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Shin, Y.W.; Chung, H.H.; Wiedermann, A.H.; Tanabe, H.

    1993-01-01

    The SWAAM-LT Code, developed for analysis of long-term effects of sodium/water reactions, is discussed. The theoretical formulation of the code is described, including the introduction of system matrices for ease of computer programming as a general system code. Also, some typical results of the code predictions for available large scale tests are presented. Test data for the steam generator design with the cover-gas feature and without the cover-gas feature are available and analyzed. The capabilities and limitations of the code are then discussed in light of the comparison between the code prediction and the test data

  15. Identification of a umuDC locus in Salmonella typhimurium LT2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Smith, C.M.; Eisenstadt, E.

    1989-01-01

    The umuDC operon of Escherichia coli is required for efficient mutagenesis by UV light and many other DNA-damaging agents. The existence of a umuDC analog in Salmonella typhimurium has been questioned. With DNA probes to the E. coli umuD and umuC genes, we detected, by Southern blot hybridization, sequences similar to both of these genes in S. typhimurium LT2. We also confirmed that the presence of cloned E. coli umuD enhances the UV mutability and resistance of S. typhimurium. Our data strongly suggest that S. typhimurium contains a functional umuDC operon

  16. LT^2C^2: A language of thought with Turing-computable Kolmogorov complexity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Santiago Figueira

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we present a theoretical effort to connect the theory of program size to psychology by implementing a concrete language of thought with Turing-computable Kolmogorov complexity (LT^2C^2 satisfying the following requirements: 1 to be simple enough so that the complexity of any given finite binary sequence can be computed, 2 to be based on tangible operations of human reasoning (printing, repeating,. . . , 3 to be sufficiently powerful to generate all possible sequences but not too powerful as to identify regularities which would be invisible to humans. We first formalize LT^2C^2, giving its syntax and semantics, and defining an adequate notion of program size. Our setting leads to a Kolmogorov complexity function relative to LT^2C^2 which is computable in polynomial time, and it also induces a prediction algorithm in the spirit of Solomonoff’s inductive inference theory. We then prove the efficacy of this language by investigating regularities in strings produced by participants attempting to generate random strings. Participants had a profound understanding of randomness and hence avoided typical misconceptions such as exaggerating the number of alternations. We reasoned that remaining regularities would express the algorithmic nature of human thoughts, revealed in the form of specific patterns. Kolmogorov complexity relative to LT^2C^2 passed three expected tests examined here: 1 human sequences were less complex than control PRNG sequences, 2 human sequences were not stationary showing decreasing values of complexity resulting from fatigue 3 each individual showed traces of algorithmic stability since fitting of partial data was more effective to predict subsequent data than average fits. This work extends on previous efforts to combine notions of Kolmogorov complexity theory and algorithmic information theory to psychology, by explicitly proposing a language which may describe the patterns of human thoughts.Received: 12

  17. On the Solution of the Rational Matrix Equation X=Q+LX−1LT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heike Faßbender

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available We study numerical methods for finding the maximal symmetric positive definite solution of the nonlinear matrix equation X=Q+LX−1LT, where Q is symmetric positive definite and L is nonsingular. Such equations arise for instance in the analysis of stationary Gaussian reciprocal processes over a finite interval. Its unique largest positive definite solution coincides with the unique positive definite solution of a related discrete-time algebraic Riccati equation (DARE. We discuss how to use the butterfly SZ algorithm to solve the DARE. This approach is compared to several fixed-point and doubling-type iterative methods suggested in the literature.

  18. Type II heat-labile enterotoxins from 50 diverse Escherichia coli isolates belong almost exclusively to the LT-IIc family and may be prophage encoded.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael G Jobling

    Full Text Available Some enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC produce a type II heat-labile enterotoxin (LT-II that activates adenylate cyclase in susceptible cells but is not neutralized by antisera against cholera toxin or type I heat-labile enterotoxin (LT-I. LT-I variants encoded by plasmids in ETEC from humans and pigs have amino acid sequences that are ≥ 95% identical. In contrast, LT-II toxins are chromosomally encoded and are much more diverse. Early studies characterized LT-IIa and LT-IIb variants, but a novel LT-IIc was reported recently. Here we characterized the LT-II encoding loci from 48 additional ETEC isolates. Two encoded LT-IIa, none encoded LT-IIb, and 46 encoded highly related variants of LT-IIc. Phylogenetic analysis indicated that the predicted LT-IIc toxins encoded by these loci could be assigned to 6 subgroups. The loci corresponding to individual toxins within each subgroup had DNA sequences that were more than 99% identical. The LT-IIc subgroups appear to have arisen by multiple recombinational events between progenitor loci encoding LT-IIc1- and LT-IIc3-like variants. All loci from representative isolates encoding the LT-IIa, LT-IIb, and each subgroup of LT-IIc enterotoxins are preceded by highly-related genes that are between 80 and 93% identical to predicted phage lysozyme genes. DNA sequences immediately following the B genes differ considerably between toxin subgroups, but all are most closely related to genomic sequences found in predicted prophages. Together these data suggest that the LT-II loci are inserted into lambdoid type prophages that may or may not be infectious. These findings raise the possibility that production of LT-II enterotoxins by ETEC may be determined by phage conversion and may be activated by induction of prophage, in a manner similar to control of production of Shiga-like toxins by converting phages in isolates of enterohemmorhagic E. coli.

  19. LT-CFB. Applications and follow-up. CP Kelco. Appendix 1. [Low Temperature Circulating Fluid Bed gasifier]; LT-CFB. Anvendelsesmuligheder og opfoelgning. CP Kelco. Bilag 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2010-04-15

    This appendix describes how LT-CFB advantageously can gasify residual products at the company CP Kelco's factory. CP Kelco produces the gelation, thickeners and stabilizers carrageenan and pectin from seaweed and citrus peel. Residues from the production consist of a fiber-containing biological material, which has a calorific value of dry matter about 15 to 20 MJ / kg. In addition, there are waste products from the wastewater treatment plant, which are also proposed re-used in the project. The report describes the economic analyses, the overall data and system design for two scenarios, whereas the description of the plant capacities, sizes and detailed data etc. are described only for one scenario. In addition to savings in the purchase of natural gas the gas production also results in a significant reduction in CO{sub 2} emissions, the product gas being characterized as CO{sub 2} neutral. Since CP Kelco is subject to the CO{sub 2} quota system the saved amount of CO{sub 2} emissions represents a significant value. In the economic analyses, the value of 1 ton of CO{sub 2} is set at DKK 100. (LN)

  20. The effects of LT-SN on energy dissipation and lifetime in wireless sensor networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zeydin Pala

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Wireless sensor networks (WSNs still attract the attention of researchers, users and the private sector despite their low power and low range tendency for malfunction. This attraction towards WSNs results from their low cost structure and the solutions they offer for many prevalent problems. Many conditions, which remain unforeseen or unexpected during the design of the system, may arise after the initialization of the system. Similarly, many situations where security vulnerabilities take place may emerge in time in WSNs operating normally. In this study, we called nodes which enter sleeping mode without any further waking up and causing a sparser number of nodes in the network without any function in data transmission as Long-Term Sleep Nodes (LT-SN; and considered energy spaces caused by such nodes as a problem; and established two Linear Programming (LP models based on the efficiency of the present nodes. We offered two different models which present the effect of sensor nodes, which were initially operating in wireless sensor network environment and did not wake up following sleep mode, on network lifetime. The results of the present study report that as the number of LT-SN increases, the lifetime of the network decreases.

  1. Verification of the production of peptide leukotrienes (LT) in traumatic shock

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hock, C.E.; Craft, D.V.; Lefer, D.J.; Lefer, A.M.

    1986-01-01

    Both lipoxygenase inhibition and leukotriene receptor antagonism have been demonstrated to provide significant protection in traumatic shock. Despite these findings, leukotrienes have not been found in circulating blood in Noble-Collip drum induced traumatic shock using radioimmunoassay techniques. Anesthetized rats subjected to Noble-Collip drum trauma developed a shock state characterized by a significant reduction in mean arterial blood pressure, a 4.5 fold increase in plasma cathepsin D activity, a 3-fold increase in myocardial depressant factor activity and a mean survival time of 1.9 +/- 0.3 hours. Plasma and bile samples were analyzed by reverse phase high pressure liquid chromatography to determine LT production in this shock model. No detectable peptide leukotrienes or their metabolites were found in plasma. The major peptide leukotriene from bile eluted between LTC 4 and LTD 4 and corresponds to a metabolite of LTE 4 , N-acetyl-LTE 4 . This metabolite increased from 6 +/- 3 to 41 +/- 4 units in traumatic shock when compared to sham trauma (p 4 , LTD 4 and LTE 4 (10 μg/kg/h) also resulted in the metabolism of > 90% of the parent LT to this metabolite in bile. Therefore, plasma LTs accumulate in the bile following trauma in rats. Moreover, LTC 4 , LTD 4 and LTE 4 apparently are rapidly metabolized to N-acetyl LTE 4 . These findings further support a role for leukotrienes in the pathogenesis of traumatic shock in rats

  2. Simulation-Based e-Learning Tools for Science,Engineering, and Technology Education(SimBeLT)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, Doyle V.; Cherner, Y.

    2006-12-01

    The focus of Project SimBeLT is the research, development, testing, and dissemination of a new type of simulation-based integrated e-learning set of modules for two-year college technical and engineering curricula in the areas of thermodynamics, fluid physics, and fiber optics that can also be used in secondary schools and four-year colleges. A collection of sophisticated virtual labs is the core component of the SimBeLT modules. These labs will be designed to enhance the understanding of technical concepts and underlying fundamental principles of these topics, as well as to master certain performance based skills online. SimBeLT software will help educators to meet the National Science Education Standard that "learning science and technology is something that students do, not something that is done to them". A major component of Project SimBeLT is the development of multi-layered technology-oriented virtual labs that realistically mimic workplace-like environments. Dynamic data exchange between simulations will be implemented and links with instant instructional messages and data handling tools will be realized. A second important goal of Project SimBeLT labs is to bridge technical skills and scientific knowledge by enhancing the teaching and learning of specific scientific or engineering subjects. SimBeLT builds upon research and outcomes of interactive teaching strategies and tools developed through prior NSF funding (http://webphysics.nhctc.edu/compact/index.html) (Project SimBeLT is partially supported by a grant from the National Science Foundation DUE-0603277)

  3. ISOLDE PH team, from left to right: Jennifer Weterings (user support), Susanne Kreim (research fellow), Marek Pfützner (scientific associate), Maria Garcia Borge (team leader), Elisa Rapisarda (research fellow) , Magdalena Kowalska (physics coordinator), Jan Kurcewicz (applied fellow), Monika Stachura (applied fellow). Not in the photo: Kara Lynch (PhD student).

    CERN Multimedia

    Visual Media Office

    2013-01-01

    ISOLDE PH team, from left to right: Jennifer Weterings (user support), Susanne Kreim (research fellow), Marek Pfützner (scientific associate), Maria Garcia Borge (team leader), Elisa Rapisarda (research fellow) , Magdalena Kowalska (physics coordinator), Jan Kurcewicz (applied fellow), Monika Stachura (applied fellow). Not in the photo: Kara Lynch (PhD student).

  4. Association between the clinical classification of hypothyroidism and reduced TSH in LT4 supplemental replacement treatment for pregnancy in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Lyu; Zhang, Zhaoyun; Ye, Hongying; Zhu, Xiaoming; Li, Yiming

    2016-01-01

    The study was aimed to evaluate the effects of levothyroxine (LT4) supplemental replacement treatment for pregnancy and analyze the associations between the clinical classification of hypothyroidism and reduced thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) in LT4 therapy. Totally, 195 pregnant women with hypothyroidism receiving routine prenatal care were enrolled. They were categorized into three groups: overt hypothyroidism (OH), subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) with negative thyroperoxidase antibody (TPOAb), and SCH with positive TPOAb. The association between the clinical classification and reduced TSH in LT4 supplemental replacement treatment was assessed. The results indicated that reduced TSH was significantly different among the groups according to the clinical classifications (p = 0.043). The result was also significantly different between patients with OH and patients with SCH and negative TPOAb (p = 0.036). Similar result was reported for the comparison between patients with OH and patients with SCH and positive TPOAb (p = 0.016). Multiple variable analyses showed that LT4 supplementation, gestational age and the variable of clinical classifications were associated with reduced TSH independently. Our data suggested that the therapeutic effect of substitutive treatment with LT4 was significantly associated with different clinical classifications of hypothyroidism in pregnancy and the treatment should begin as soon as possible after diagnosis.

  5. An estimation of uncertainties in containment P/T analysis using CONTEMPT/LT code

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kang, Y.M.; Park, G.C.; Lee, U.C.; Kang, C.S.

    1991-01-01

    In a nuclear power plant, the containment design pressure and temperature (P/T) have been established based on the unrealistic conservatism with suffering from a drawback in the economics. Thus, it is necessary that the uncertainties of design P/T values have to be well defined through an extensive uncertainty analysis with plant-specific input data and or models used in the computer code. This study is to estimate plant-specific uncertainties of containment design P/T using the Monte Carlo method in Kori-3 reactor. Kori-3 plant parameters and Uchida heat transfer coefficient are selected to be treated statistically after the sensitivity study. The Monte Carlo analysis has performed based on the response surface method with the CONTEMPT/LT code and Latin Hypercube sampling technique. Finally, the design values based on 95 %/95 % probability are compared with worst estimated values to assess the design margin. (author)

  6. Inducible pathway is required for mutagenesis in Salmonella typhimurium LT2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Orrego, C.; Eisenstadt, E.

    1987-01-01

    UV mutability of Salmonella typhimurium LT2 was eliminated in the presence of a multicopy plasmid carrying the Escherichia coli lexA + gene. This result suggests that inducible, SOS-like functions are required for UV mutagenesis in S. typhimurium. S. typhimurium strains carrying either point or deletion mutations in topA had previously been shown to lose their mutability by UV or methyl methanesulfonate. Mitomycin C induction of the Phi(mucB'-lacZ') fusion (a DNA damage-inducible locus carried on plasmid pSE205) in S. typhimurium topA was normal, suggesting that RecA is activated in topA mutants. These observations lead the authors deduce that S. typhimurium has at least one DNA damage-inducible locus in addition to recA that is required for UV mutability

  7. Experimental plans for LMFBR cavity liner sodium spill test LT-1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hilliard, R.K.; Newell, G.A.

    1976-01-01

    Reinforced concrete is an important material of construction in LMFBR cavities and cells. Steel liners are often installed on the concrete surfaces to provide a gastight seal for minimizing air inleakage to inerted cell atmospheres and to protect the concrete from direct contact with sodium in the event of a sodium spill. In making safety assessment analyses, it is of interest to determine the adequacy of the liners to maintain their leaktightness during postulated accidents involving large sodium spills. However, data for basing analytical assessments of cell liners are very meager and an experimental program is underway at HEDL to provide some of the needed information. The HEDL cell liner evaluation program consists of both bench-scale feature tests and large-scale sodium spill demonstration tests. The plans for the first large-scale sodium spill test (LT-1) are the subject of this paper

  8. Quantum-well exciton dipolar interaction: Polarization-dependence and Z-LT splitting

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nguyen Ba An.

    1996-12-01

    We calculate the exciton dipolar interaction in a semiconductor quantum well. The explicit polarization-dependence, i.e, the dependence on both the exciton dipole moment μ-vector and its inplane wavevector k-vector is derived. The obtained results for the three modes (L, T and Z modes) of the long-range part of the dipolar interaction satisfy the polarization sum rule for any parameters. In the long wavelength limit there is a Z-LT splitting which decreases as the well width increases reflecting a crossover from strict 2D to quasi-2D. A rough crossover from quasi-2D to 3D is also described. (author). 18 refs, 4 figs

  9. Käyttäjien tuottama sisältö markkinoinnissa : Opas

    OpenAIRE

    Koskenseppä, Mikko

    2016-01-01

    Markkinoijien ja kuluttajien roolit ovat muuttunut 2000-luvun aikana, jonka takia yritykset eivät voi enää pitää markkinointia yksisuuntaisena viestintänä. Nykyään yrityksien pitää saada kuluttajat mukaan markkinointiin, ja käyttäjien tuottama sisältö onkin yksi ratkaisu tähän ongelmaan. Tämä opinnäytetyö oli toiminnallinen työ. Sen tavoitteena oli luoda ohjeistus käyttäjien tuottaman sisällön käyttämisestä markkinoinnissa. Työn muut tavoitteet oli selvittää sen tuomat hyödyt ja ominaisuu...

  10. AutoCAD 2012 and AutoCAD LT 2012 Bible

    CERN Document Server

    Finkelstein, Ellen

    2011-01-01

    The latest version of this perennial favorite, in-depth, reference-tutorial This top-selling book has been updated by AutoCAD guru and author Ellen Finkelstein to provide you with the very latest coverage of both AutoCAD 2012 and AutoCAD LT 2012. It begins with a Quick Start tutorial, so you start creating right away. From there, the book covers so much in-depth material on AutoCAD that it is said that even Autodesk employees keep this comprehensive book at their desks. A DVD is included that features before-and-after drawings of all the tutorials and plenty of great examples from AutoCAD prof

  11. A new avian fauna from the early-middle Eocene Lillebælt Clay Formation of Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindow, Bent Erik Kramer

    A number of hitherto undescribed fossil bird remains have been recovered from the Lillebælt Clay Formation of central Denmark, which is early-middle Eocene in age (~50 to 43 mya). The core of the material consists of fossils acquired through the Danish ‘Danekræ' fossil treasure trove legislation......, a member of the extinct 'pseudo-toothed birds' and the first representative of this group known from Denmark. Other taxa present include remains of Lithornithidae and a new taxon possessing a massive, psittacid-like beak. The Lillebælt Clay Formation birds are temporally placed just after the Early Eocene...

  12. Karzai nõuab USA-lt võitu, ähvardades muidu rahu teha / Heiki Suurkask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Suurkask, Heiki, 1972-

    2008-01-01

    Afganistani president Hamid Karzai nõuab USA-lt ajakava selle kohta, millal NATO kavatseb Talibani üle võidu saavutada. Afganistanis visiidil viibinud USA president George W. Bush avaldas toetust Barack Obama kavale keskenduda veelgi enam Afganistanis sõdimisele

  13. ’When You Get a Job to Do, Do It.’ The Airpower Leadership of Lt Gen William H. Tunner

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-01-01

    PAGE unclassified Standard Form 298 (Rev. 8-98) Prescribed by ANSI Std Z39-18 Air University Stephen R. Lorenz, Lt Gen, Commander Air Force Doctrine...Collier, Richard. Bridge across the Sky. New York: Mc Graw - Hill, 1978. Combined Airlift Task Force. A Report on the Airlift Berlin Mis- sion. 572.101B, 26

  14. USA kohus nõuab LHV-lt, Lepikult ja Peegilt kiiresti ligi 14 miljonit krooni / Lauri Matsulevitsh

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Matsulevitsh, Lauri

    2005-01-01

    USA kohus kinnitas investeerimispangaga LHV eelkokkuleppe ning muutis esialgset hagi tagamise määrust, millega nõuab LHV-lt sealt välja viidud raha USA kohturegistri kontole tagasi viie päeva jooksul. Lisa: Kontodelt nõutakse 13,8 mln krooni. Vt. samas: Advokaat: SEC kasutab jõupositsiooni

  15. Trace fossils from the eocene Lillebælt clay formation, Røsnæs Peninsula, Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Jan Kresten; Milàn, Jesper; Mesfun, Daniel

    2015-01-01

    A cliff exposure of the Eocene Lillebælt Clay Formation, on the Røsnæs peninsula of Zealand, Denmark, has yielded a diverse trace-fossil assemblage. The trace fossils are described formally for the first time and assigned to Phymatoderma melvillensis, unnamed clusters of small burrows, Ophiomorpha...

  16. Contempt-LT: a computer program for predicting containment pressure-temperature response to a loss-of-coolant accident

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wheat, L.L.; Wagner, R.J.; Niederauer, G.F.; Obenchain, C.F.

    1975-06-01

    CONTEMPT-LT is a digital computer program, written in FORTRAN IV, developed to describe the long-term behavior of water-cooled nuclear reactor containment systems subjected to postulated loss-of-coolant accident (LOCA) conditions. The program calculates the time variation of compartment pressures, temperatures, mass and energy inventories, heat structure temperature distributions, and energy exchange with adjacent compartments. The program is capable of describing the effects of leakage on containment response. Models are provided to describe fan cooler and cooling spray engineered safety systems. Up to four compartments can be modeled with CONTEMPT-LT, and any compartment except the reactor system may have both a liquid pool region and an air-vapor atmosphere region above the pool. Each region is assumed to have a uniform temperature, but the temperatures of the two regions may be different. CONTEMPT-LT can be used to model all current boiling water reactor pressure suppression systems, including containments with either vertical or horizontal vent systems. CONTEMPT-LT can also be used to model pressurized water reactor dry containments, subatmospheric containments, and dual volume containments with an annulus region, and can be used to describe containment responses in experimental containment systems. The program user defines which compartments are used, specifies input mass and energy additions, defines heat structure and leakage systems, and describes the time advancement and output control. CONTEMPT-LT source decks are available in double precision extended-binary-coded-decimal-interchange-code (EBCDIC) versions. Sample problems have been run on the IBM360/75 computer. (U.S.)

  17. Cloud Atlas: Rotational Modulations in the L/T Transition Brown Dwarf Companion HN Peg B

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Yifan; Apai, Dániel; Metchev, Stanimir; Lew, Ben W. P.; Schneider, Glenn; Marley, Mark S.; Karalidi, Theodora; Manjavacas, Elena; Bedin, Luigi R.; Cowan, Nicolas B.; Miles-Páez, Paulo A.; Lowrance, Patrick J.; Radigan, Jacqueline; Burgasser, Adam J.

    2018-03-01

    Time-resolved observations of brown dwarfs’ rotational modulations provide powerful insights into the properties of condensate clouds in ultra-cool atmospheres. Multi-wavelength light curves reveal cloud vertical structures, condensate particle sizes, and cloud morphology, which directly constrain condensate cloud and atmospheric circulation models. We report results from Hubble Space Telescope/Wide Field Camera 3 near-infrared G141 taken in six consecutive orbits observations of HN Peg B, an L/T transition brown dwarf companion to a G0V type star. The best-fit sine wave to the 1.1–1.7 μm broadband light curve has an amplitude of 1.206% ± 0.025% and period of 15.4 ± 0.5 hr. The modulation amplitude has no detectable wavelength dependence except in the 1.4 μm water absorption band, indicating that the characteristic condensate particle sizes are large (>1 μm). We detect significantly (4.4σ) lower modulation amplitude in the 1.4 μm water absorption band and find that HN Peg B’s spectral modulation resembles those of early T type brown dwarfs. We also describe a new empirical interpolation method to remove spectral contamination from the bright host star. This method may be applied in other high-contrast time-resolved observations with WFC3.

  18. Cloud Atlas: Rotational Modulations in the L/T Transition Brown Dwarf Companion HN Peg B

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Yifan; Apai, Daniel; Metchev, Stanimir; Lew, Ben W. P.; Schneider, Glenn; Marley, Mark S.; Karalidi, Theodora; Manjavacas, Elena; Bedin, Luigi R.; Cowan, Nicolas B.; hide

    2018-01-01

    Time-resolved observations of brown dwarfs' rotational modulations provide powerful insights into the properties of condensate clouds in ultra-cool atmospheres. Multi-wavelength light curves reveal cloud vertical structures, condensate particle sizes, and cloud morphology, which directly constrain condensate cloud and atmospheric circulation models. We report results from Hubble Space Telescope/Wide Field Camera 3 (WFC3) near-infrared G141 taken in six consecutive orbits observations of HNPeg B, an L/T transition brown dwarf companion to a G0V type star. The best-fit sine wave to the 1.1 to 1.7 micron broadband light curve has the amplitude of and period of hour. The modulation amplitude has no detectable wavelength dependence except in the 1.4 micron water absorption band, indicating that the characteristic condensate particle sizes are large (greater than 1 micron). We detect significantly (4.4 sigma) lower modulation amplitude in the 1.4 micron water absorption band, and find that HN Peg B's spectral modulation resembles those of early T type brown dwarfs. We also describe a new empirical interpolation method to remove spectral contamination from the bright host star. This method may be applied in other high-contrast time-resolved observations with WFC3.

  19. Interpretation of the CABRI LT1 test with SAS4A-code analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sato, Ikken; Onoda, Yu-uichi

    2001-03-01

    In the CABRI-FAST LT1 test, simulating a ULOF (Unprotected Loss of Flow) accident of LMFBR, pin failure took place rather early during the transient. No fuel melting is expected at this failure because the energy injection was too low and a rapid gas-release-like response leading to coolant-channel voiding was observed. This channel voiding was followed by a gradual fuel breakup and axial relocation. With an aid of SAS4A analysis, interpretation of this test was performed. Although the original SAS4A model was not well fitted to this type of early pin failure, the global behavior after the pin failure was reasonably simulated with temporary modifications. Through this study, gas release behavior from the failed fuel pin and its effect on further transient were well understood. It was also demonstrated that the SAS4A code has a potential to simulate the post-failure behavior initiated by a very early pin failure provided that necessary model modification is given. (author)

  20. An atlas of L-T transition brown dwarfs with VLT/XShooter

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marocco, F.; Day-Jones, A. C.; Jones, H. R. A.; Pinfield, D. J.

    In this contribution we present the first results from a large observing campaign we are carrying out using VLT/Xshooter to obtain spectra of a large sample (˜250 objects) of L-T transition brown dwarfs. Here we report the results based on the first ˜120 spectra already obtained. The large sample, and the wide spectral coverage (300-2480 nm) given by Xshooter, will allow us to do a new powerful analysis, at an unprecedent level. By fitting the absorption lines of a given element (e.g. Na) at different wavelengths we can test ultracool atmospheric models and draw for the first time a 3D picture of stellar atmospheres at temperatures down to 1000K. Determining the atmospheric parameters (e.g. temperature, surface gravity and metallicity) of a big sample of brown dwarfs, will allow us to understand the role of these parameters on the formation of their spectra. The large number of objects in our sample also will allow us to do a statistical significant test of the birth rate and initial mass function predictions for brown dwarfs. Determining the shape of the initial mass function for very low mass objects is a fundamental task to improve galaxy models, as recent studies tep{2010Natur.468..940V} have shown that low-mass objects dominate in massive elliptical galaxies.

  1. Ga2O3 doping and vacancy effect in KNN—LT lead-free piezoceramics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tan, Zhi; Xing, Jie; Jiang, Laiming; Zhu, Jianguo; Wu, Bo

    2017-12-01

    Ga2O3 was doped into 0.95(K0.48Na0.52)NbO3—0.05LiTaO3 (KNN—LT) ceramics and its influences on the sintering behavior, phase structure and electrical properties of ceramics were studied. Firstly, SEM observation exhibits that more and more glass phase appears in ceramics with the gradual addition of Ga2O3, which determines the continuous decrease in sintering temperatures. And the addition of Ga2O3 is also found to increase the orthorhombic—tetragonal transition temperature ( T O—T) of system to a higher level. Secondly, both the density and the coercive field ( E C) of ceramics increase firstly and then decrease with increasing the Ga2O3 content, and the KNN—LT— xGa sample at x = 0.004 shows a pinched P— E hysteresis loop. Finally, the impedance characteristics of KNN—LT— xGa ceramics were investigated at different temperatures, revealing a typical vacancy related conduction mechanism. This work demonstrates that Ga2O3 is a good sintering aid for KNN-based ceramics, and the vacancy plays an important role in the sintering and electrical behaviors of ceramics.

  2. Hypothyroid Patients Encoding Combined MCT10 and DIO2 Gene Polymorphisms May Prefer L-T3 + L-T4 Combination Treatment - Data Using a Blind, Randomized, Clinical Study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Carlé, Allan; Faber, Jens; Steffensen, Rudi

    2017-01-01

    on the cellular membrane transport-facilitating monocarboxylate transporter (MCT10) gene (rs17606253), and asked in which of the 2 treatment periods patients felt better (i.e., which treatment was preferred). RESULTS: 27 out of 45 patients (60%) preferred the combination therapy. Two polymorphisms (rs225014 (DIO2......, Thr92Ala) and rs17606253 (MCT10)) were combined yielding 3 groups: none vs. 1 of 2 vs. both SNPs present, and 42 vs. 63 vs. 100% of our patients in the 3 groups preferred the combined treatment (Jongheere-Terpstra trend test, p = 0.009). CONCLUSION: The present study indicates that the combination...... of polymorphisms in DIO2 (rs225014) and MCT10 (rs17606253) enhances hypothyroid patients' preference for L-T4 + L-T3 replacement therapy. In the future, combination therapy may be restricted or may be even recommended to individuals harbouring certain polymorphisms....

  3. Homotopy perturbation method with Laplace Transform (LT-HPM) for solving Lane-Emden type differential equations (LETDEs).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tripathi, Rajnee; Mishra, Hradyesh Kumar

    2016-01-01

    In this communication, we describe the Homotopy Perturbation Method with Laplace Transform (LT-HPM), which is used to solve the Lane-Emden type differential equations. It's very difficult to solve numerically the Lane-Emden types of the differential equation. Here we implemented this method for two linear homogeneous, two linear nonhomogeneous, and four nonlinear homogeneous Lane-Emden type differential equations and use their appropriate comparisons with exact solutions. In the current study, some examples are better than other existing methods with their nearer results in the form of power series. The Laplace transform used to accelerate the convergence of power series and the results are shown in the tables and graphs which have good agreement with the other existing method in the literature. The results show that LT-HPM is very effective and easy to implement.

  4. Sigma Theta Tau, DAaL/Texas Nurse Association, 2017 South Texas Nurse Imagemaker, Lt Col Jacqueline Killian

    Science.gov (United States)

    2018-04-28

    ENDORSEMENT (59 MDW/SGVU Use Only) 43. REVIEWER SIGNATURE 32. DATE 38. DATE 44. DATE April 11 , 20 17 45. DATE RECEIVED 1 46. SENIOR AUTHOR NOTIFIED BY...EBP mentors to facilitate the growing number of EBP projects underway in our organization. 1 Lt Col Killian serves as research consultant to chief...for helping others. The first project is focused on enhancing resil ience in our military families--the " Mentors Offering Maternal Support (M-0-M

  5. Marker-Assisted Selection of Xa21 Conferring Resistance to Bacterial Leaf Blight in indica Rice Cultivar LT2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hue Thi Nguyen

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Bacterial leaf blight of rice (BLB, caused by Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae, is one of the most destructive diseases in Asian rice fields. A high-quality rice variety, LT2, was used as the recipient parent. IRBB21, which carries the Xa21 gene, was used as the donor parent. The resistance gene Xa21 was introduced into LT2 by marker-assisted backcrossing. Three Xoo races were used to inoculate the improved lines following the clipping method. Eleven BC3F3 lines carrying Xa21 were obtained based on molecular markers and agronomic performance. The 11 lines were then inoculated with the three Xoo races. All the 11 improved lines showed better resistance to BLB than the recipient parent LT2. Based on the level of resistance to BLB and their agronomic performance, five lines (BC3F3 5.1.5.1, BC3F3 5.1.5.12, BC3F3 8.5.6.44, BC3F3 9.5.4.1 and BC3F3 9.5.4.23 were selected as the most promising for commercial release. These improved lines could contribute to rice production in terms of food security.

  6. Marker-Assisted Selection of Xa21 Conferring Resistance to Bacterial Leaf Blight in indica Rice Cultivar LT2

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hue Thi NGUYEN; Trung Nguyen DINH; Nakano TOSHITSUGU; Liet Van VU; Quang Hong VU; Tan Van MAI; Thu Thi NGUYEN; Lam Duc VU; Tung Thanh NGUYEN; Long Viet NGUYEN; Hien Thu Thi VU; Hue Thi NONG

    2018-01-01

    Bacterial leaf blight of rice (BLB), caused by Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae, is one of the most destructive diseases in Asian rice fields. A high-quality rice variety, LT2, was used as the recipient parent. IRBB21, which carries the Xa21 gene, was used as the donor parent. The resistance gene Xa21 was introduced into LT2 by marker-assisted backcrossing. Three Xoo races were used to inoculate the improved lines following the clipping method. Eleven BC3F3lines carrying Xa21 were obtained based on molecular markers and agronomic performance. The 11 lines were then inoculated with the three Xoo races. All the 11 improved lines showed better resistance to BLB than the recipient parent LT2. Based on the level of resistance to BLB and their agronomic performance, five lines (BC3F35.1.5.1, BC3F35.1.5.12, BC3F38.5.6.44, BC3F3 9.5.4.1 and BC3F39.5.4.23) were selected as the most promising for commercial release. These improved lines could contribute to rice production in terms of food security.

  7. Study on characterization of interaction layer between U-10wt%Mo alloy and LT24Al

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chen Jiangang; Yin Changgeng; Sun Changlong; Pang Xiaoxuan; Liu Yunming

    2009-01-01

    The characterization of interaction layer(IL) between U-10wt%Mo alloy and LT24 Al was studied in detail in this paper. Sandwich structured U-Mo/LT24 Al diffusion couples were hot pressed at different temperature and pressure for different time. Then they were analyzed by Optical Microscope (OM) and Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) to observe the width of the IL. The distribution of the diffusion elements and the phases in the IL were determined by Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy (EDS) and X Ray Diffraction (XRD). Analysis results are as follows: the diffusion manner was reaction diffusion, and diffusion direction mainly was that Al atoms diffused to U-Mo alloy; diffusion mechanism was vacancy diffusion and growth kinetics showed reaction was controlled by the diffusion speed; the IL containing single phase was constituted mainly by (U, Mo) Al 3 ; the IL containing two phases or more was constituted mainly by (U, Mo) Al 3 and (U, Mo) Al 4 and Al 20 Mo 2 U; and Si impurity in the LT24 Al was easy to enrich in the IL which showed Si added to Al could play positive role on improve compatibility between U-Mo and Al. (authors)

  8. Development of a high-performance composite cathode for LT-SOFC

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Byung Wook

    Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) has drawn considerable attention for decades due to its high efficiency and low pollution, which is made possible since chemical energy is directly converted to electrical energy through the system without combustion. However, successful commercialization of SOFC has been delayed due to its high production cost mainly related with using high cost of interconnecting materials and the other structural components required for high temperature operation. This is the reason that intermediate (IT) or low temperature (LT)-SOFC operating at 600~800°C or 650°C and below, respectively, is of particular significance because it allows the wider selection of cheaper materials such as stainless steel for interconnects and the other structural components. Also, extended lifetime and system reliability are expected due to less thermal stress through the system with reduced temperature. More rapid start-up/shut-down procedure is another advantage of lowering the operating temperatures. As a result, commercialization of SOFC will be more viable. However, there exists performance drop with reduced operating temperature due to increased polarization resistances from the electrode electrochemical reactions and decreased electrolyte conductivity. Since ohmic polarization of the electrolyte can be significantly reduced with state-of-the art thin film technology and cathode polarization has more drastic effect on total SOFC electrochemical performance than anode polarization as temperature decreases, development of the cathode with high performance operating at IT or LT range is thus essential. On the other hand, chemical stability of the cathode and its chemical compatibility with the electrolyte should also be considered for cathode development since instability and incompatibility of the cathode will also cause substantial performance loss. Based on requirements of the cathode mentioned above, in this study, several chemico-physical approaches were

  9. Turist Motivasyonunda Mahalli Kültür ve Etkisi ve Apart Ziyaretlerinde Turist Memnuniyeti

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nguyen Quang VINH

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Bu çalışma, apart turizm hizmet sektöründe stratejik pazarlama kararının tesis edilmesi anlayışını sağlamak için turizm planlamacılarına ve turizmcilere yardım etmeyi amaçlamaktadır. Ampirik analiz için Duonglam Eski Köyü’nün apart hizmetinden faydalanmış 150 uluslararası ziyaretçinin oluşturduğu datalar kullanılmıştır. Turist motivasyonu ve nihai varış noktası sadakatindeki memnuniyet arasındaki hipotezleri test etmek amacıyla regresyon yöntemi benimsenmiştir. Bu çalışma Duonglam köyündeki iklim şartları, nihai varış noktasına ulaşım kolaylığı, konaklama kalitesi, doğal güzellikler ve hijyen şartlarının turist memnuniyeti üzerinde önemli etkileri olduğu sonucunu çıkarmıştır. Diğer taraftan da bu sonuçlar Duonglam Eski Köyü’nün kültürel aktiviteleri ve turizm hizmet sektörü hakkında olumsuz bir kanıyı temsil etmektedir. Ayrıca çalışmada, araştırmanın sınırı ve turizm sektörü çalışanları için elde edilen bulguların sonuçları tartışılmıştır.

  10. The Collaborative Lithium Trials (CoLT: specific aims, methods, and implementation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hooper Stephen R

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Lithium is a benchmark treatment for bipolar illness in adults. However, there has been relatively little methodologically stringent research regarding the use of lithium in youth suffering from bipolarity. Methods Under the auspices of the Best Pharmaceuticals for Children Act (BPCA, a Written Request (WR pertaining to the study of lithium in pediatric mania was issued by the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA to the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD in 2004. Accordingly, the NICHD issued a Request for Proposals (RFP soliciting submissions to pursue this research. Subsequently, the NICHD awarded a contract to a group of investigators in order to conduct these studies. Results The Collaborative Lithium Trials (CoLT investigators, the BPCA-Coordinating Center, and the NICHD developed protocols to provide data that will: (1 establish evidence-based dosing strategies for lithium; (2 characterize the pharmacokinetics and biodisposition of lithium; (3 examine the acute efficacy of lithium in pediatric bipolarity; (4 investigate the long-term effectiveness of lithium treatment; and (5 characterize the short- and long-term safety of lithium. By undertaking two multi-phase trials rather than multiple single-phase studies (as was described in the WR, the feasibility of the research to be undertaken was enhanced while ensuring all the data outlined in the WR would be obtained. The first study consists of: (1 an 8-week open-label, randomized, escalating dose Pharmacokinetic Phase; (2 a 16-week Long-Term Effectiveness Phase; (3 a 28-week double-blind Discontinuation Phase; and (4 an 8-week open-label Restabilization Phase. The second study consists of: (1 an 8-week, double-blind, parallel-group, placebo-controlled Efficacy Phase; (2 an open-label Long-Term Effectiveness lasting either 16 or 24 weeks (depending upon blinded treatment assignment during the Efficacy Phase; (3 a 28-week double

  11. Human LT-alpha-mediated resistance to autoimmune diabetes is induced in NOD, but not NOD-scid, mice and abrogated by IL-12.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miyaguchi, S; Satoh, J; Takahashi, K; Sakata, Y; Nakazawa, T; Miyazaki, J; Toyota, T

    2001-01-01

    Systemic administration of human lymphotoxin-alpha (hLT-alpha) made NOD mice resistant not only to spontaneous autoimmune type 1 diabetes mellitus but also to cyclophosphamide (CY)-induced diabetes and diabetes transfer by diabetic NOD spleen cells (triple resistance). In this study we analyzed the mechanisms of hLT-alpha-induced resistance, focusing on (1) hLT-alpha-induced resistance in the pancreatic beta cell, (2) CY-resistant suppressor cells, (3) suppression of induction or function of effector cells for beta cell destruction, or (4) others. To examine the first possibility in vitro, a NOD-derived beta cell line (MIN6N) was pretreated with hLT-alpha and then mixed with diabetic NOD spleen cells and MIN6N cell viability was measured. Treatment with hLT-alpha did not protect MIN6N cells but rather enhanced cytotoxicity. Next NOD-scid mice were pretreated with hLT-alpha and then transferred with diabetic NOD spleen. All the recipients developed diabetes. These results excluded the first possibility. The second possibility was also excluded by a cotransfer experiment, in which diabetic NOD spleen cells were cotransferred to NOD-scid mice with nontreated or hLT-alpha-treated nondiabetic NOD spleens. There was no significant difference in diabetes incidence between the two groups. To observe the third possibility, spleen cells of hLT-alpha-treated triple-resistant NOD mice were transferred to NOD-scid mice. Diabetes developed in the recipients, although the onset of diabetes was slightly delayed. Finally, hLT-alpha-treated triple-resistant NOD mice developed diabetes 1 week after daily IL-12 treatment. In summary, hLT-alpha administration made NOD mice resistant to effector cells for beta cell destruction. This resistance was induced in NOD, but not in NOD-scid, mice, indicating that lymphocytes were obligatory for the resistance. However, it was not mediated by transferable suppressor cells. Because effector cells were present in hLT-alpha-treated NOD spleen and

  12. The use of the laryngeal tube disposable (LT-D) by paramedics during out-of-hospital resuscitation-an observational study concerning ERC guidelines 2005.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiese, C H R; Semmel, T; Müller, J U; Bahr, J; Ocker, H; Graf, B M

    2009-02-01

    In the current guidelines of the European Resuscitation Council (ERC), tracheal intubation, as an instrument for securing the airway during resuscitation, has become less important for persons not trained in this method. For those persons, different supraglottic airway devices are recommended by the ERC. The present investigation deals with the application of the laryngeal tube disposable (LT-D) during pre-hospital resuscitation by paramedics. During a period of 2 years (2006-2008), we registered all cardiac arrest situations in which the LT-D had been applied according to the ERC guidelines 2005. Therefore, we investigated one emergency medical system in Germany. During the defined period, 92 resuscitation attempts, recorded on standardised data sheets, were included. The LT-D was used in 46% of all cardiac arrest situations. Overall, the LT-D was successfully inserted in more than 90% of all cases on first attempt. In 95% of all cases, no problems concerning ventilation of the patient were described. As an alternative airway device recommended by the ERC in 2005, the LT-D may enable airway control rapidly and effectively. Additionally, by using the LT-D, a reduced "no-flow-time" and a better outcome may be possible.

  13. Sewage sludge amendment and inoculation with plant-parasitic nematodes do not facilitate the internalization of Salmonella Typhimurium LT2 in lettuce plants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fornefeld, Eva; Baklawa, Mohamed; Hallmann, Johannes; Schikora, Adam; Smalla, Kornelia

    2018-05-01

    Contamination of fruits and vegetables with Salmonella is a serious threat to human health. In order to prevent possible contaminations of fresh produce it is necessary to identify the contributing ecological factors. In this study we investigated whether the addition of sewage sludge or the presence of plant-parasitic nematodes foster the internalization of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium LT2 into lettuce plants, posing a potential threat for human health. Greenhouse experiments were conducted to investigate whether the amendment of sewage sludge to soil or the presence of plant-parasitic nematodes Meloidogyne hapla or Pratylenchus crenatus promote the internalization of S. Typhimurium LT2 from soil into the edible part of lettuce plants. Unexpectedly, numbers of cultivable S. Typhimurium LT2 decreased faster in soil with sewage sludge than in control soil but not in root samples. Denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis analysis revealed shifts of the soil bacterial communities in response to sewage sludge amendment and time. Infection and proliferation of nematodes inside plant roots were observed but did not influence the number of cultivable S. Typhimurium LT2 in the root samples or in soil. S. Typhimurium LT2 was not detected in the leaf samples 21 and 49 days after inoculation. The results indicate that addition of sewage sludge, M. hapla or P. crenatus to soil inoculated with S. Typhimurium LT2 did not result in an improved survival in soil or internalization of lettuce plants. Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  14. Rotational-mode component of the density of levels of nuclei with A approx-lt 150

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rastopchin, E.M.; Svirin, M.I.; Smirenkin, G.N.

    1992-01-01

    Some difficulties which arise in the use of the generalized superfluid model to describe the density of levels in the region A approx-lt 150, as the result of an imperfect understanding of collective nuclear excitations, are discussed. One possible way to overcome these difficulties is examined. The idea is to depart from the conventional classification of collective nuclear properties and make use of small static deformations predicted theoretically and a corresponding rotational-mode component of the density of levels of these nuclei

  15. Improving containment mass and energy releases for CONTEMPT-LT/028 TU with RELAP5/MOD3

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    DaSilva, H.C.; Choe, W.G.

    1996-01-01

    In order to obtain boundary conditions for RELAP5/MOD3 best estimate (BE) large break (LB) loss-of-coolant accident (LOCA) calculations, it is necessary to utilize a separate containment analysis code CONTEMPT-LT/028 TU, which in turn accepts mass and energy releases from the RELAP5/MOD3 calculation. When these boundary conditions are obtained, they are observed to be significantly lower than those reported in FSAR containment analyses. This motivates the present study, where RELAP5/MOD3 mass and energy releases are generated using the same assumptions listed in the FSAR containment calculations. Then CONTEMPT-LT/028 TU pressures and temperatures calculated with both sets of mass and energy releases are compared. It is seen that those obtained with the RELAP5/MOD3 input are still significantly lower, indicating a level of conservatism in the FSAR mass and energy releases that is even above that explicitly listed and also incorporated into the RELAP5/MOD3 calculation. An important conclusion from this finding is that Environmental Qualification (EQ) issues requiring containment re-analyses are likely to be easily resolved if new mass and energy releases are calculated with state-of-the-art LOCA codes modeling the entire reactor coolant system, even when conservative assumptions are incorporated

  16. Lipoxin A4 stable analogs reduce allergic airway responses via mechanisms distinct from CysLT1 receptor antagonism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levy, Bruce D; Lukacs, Nicholas W; Berlin, Aaron A; Schmidt, Birgitta; Guilford, William J; Serhan, Charles N; Parkinson, John F

    2007-12-01

    Cellular recruitment during inflammatory/immune responses is tightly regulated. The ability to dampen inflammation is imperative for prevention of chronic immune responses, as in asthma. Here we investigated the ability of lipoxin A4 (LXA4) stable analogs to regulate airway responses in two allergen-driven models of inflammation. A 15-epi-LXA4 analog (ATLa) and a 3-oxa-15-epi-LXA4 analog (ZK-994) prevented excessive eosinophil and T lymphocyte accumulation and activation after mice were sensitized and aerosol-challenged with ovalbumin. At 50% and to a greater extent than equivalent doses of the CysLT1 receptor antagonist montelukast. Distinct from montelukast, ATLa treatment led to marked reductions in cysteinyl leukotrienes, interleukin-4 (IL-4), and IL-10, and both ATLa and ZK-994 inhibited levels of IL-13. In cockroach allergen-induced airway responses, both intraperitoneal and oral administration of ZK-994 significantly reduced parameters of airway inflammation and hyper-responsiveness in a dose-dependent manner. ZK-994 also significantly changed the balance of Th1/Th2-specific cytokine levels. Thus, the ATLa/LXA4 analog actions are distinct from CysLT1 antagonism and potently block both allergic airway inflammation and hyper-reactivity. Moreover, these results demonstrate these analogs' therapeutic potential as new agonists for the resolution of inflammation.

  17. Isolated Subclinical Hyperthyrotropinemia in Obese Children: Does Levothyroxine (LT4 Improve Weight Reduction during Combined Behavioral Therapy?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pawel Matusik

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. The study aim was to analyze whether anthropometrical parameters and TSH values in obese children with isolated subclinical hypothyroidism (IsHT treated with levothyroxine (LT4 and weight reduction program differ from those managed by dietary and behavior counselling only. Material and Methods. 51 obese children with IsHT, who were treated according to the same weight reduction program, were retrospectively analyzed. They were divided into two groups: Group 1, n=26, and Group 2, n=25, without or with LT4 therapy, respectively. Changes in anthropometrical (delta BMI z-score and hormonal (delta TSH status were analyzed at the first follow-up visit. Results. In both groups significant decrease of TSH and BMI z-score values were noted. TSH normalized in 80.9% of children from Group 1 versus 90.5% from Group 2, p = NS. Delta BMI z-score was insignificantly higher in Group 1 compared to Group 2. Delta TSH was significantly related to initial TSH level in children treated by lifestyle intervention program only. Conclusions. In obese children with sHT dietary-behavioral management intervention contributed to reduction of body mass index, irrespective of levothyroxine use. This finding suggests that moderately elevated levels of TSH are a consequence rather than cause of overweight and pharmacological treatment should be avoided.

  18. Clinical experience with EDAP LT-01+ extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy for radiolucent stones; a report of 27 cases

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rim, Hee Kwan; Kim, Ho Sung; Rim, Joung Sik

    1994-01-01

    Between February 1990 and February 1993, Radiolucent stones of 27 renal units in 22 patients were treated by extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) using the EDAP LT-01+. Intravenous urography was done in all patients for the diagnosis of radiolucent stones. Retrograde pyelography, ultrasonography and/or computed tomography was done, if needed. The locations of stones were kidney in 11(40.7 %), upper ureter in 8(29.6 %), lower ureter in 6(22.2 %), bladder in 1(3.7 %), ureteropelvic junction in 1(3.7 %). The average stone size was 10.9mm with a range of 5 to 32mm in maximum diameter. The average numbers of treatment were 2.7 sessions and average storage required was 34.8 in one session. The average treatment time was 40.4 minutes. All the patients showed complete removal of all calculous materials. Of 17 urinary stones analysed by chemical method, 8(47.1 %) were composed of uric acid, 5(29.4 %) of uric acid and calcium, 3 of phosphate and 1 of carbonate and phosphate. Therefore, we conclude that ESWL with EDAP LT-01+ lithotriptor is considered to be an effective noninvasive procedure for treatment of radiolucent stones. (Author)

  19. Alkaline pH Is a signal for optimal production and secretion of the heat labile toxin, LT in enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucia Gonzales

    Full Text Available Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC cause secretory diarrhea in children and travelers to endemic areas. ETEC spreads through the fecal-oral route. After ingestion, ETEC passes through the stomach and duodenum before it colonizes the lower part of the small intestine, exposing bacteria to a wide range of pH and environmental conditions. This study aimed to determine the impact of external pH and activity of the Cyclic AMP receptor protein (CRP on the regulation of production and secretion of heat labile (LT enterotoxin. ETEC strain E2863wt and its isogenic mutant E2863ΔCRP were grown in LBK media buffered to pH 5, 7 and 9. GM1 ELISA, cDNA and cAMP analyses were carried out on bacterial pellet and supernatant samples derived from 3 and 5 hours growth and from overnight cultures. We confirm that CRP is a repressor of LT transcription and production as has been shown before but we show for the first time that CRP is a positive regulator of LT secretion both in vitro and in vivo. LT secretion increased at neutral to alkaline pH compared to acidic pH 5 where secretion was completely inhibited. At pH 9 secretion of LT was optimal resulting in 600 percent increase of secreted LT compared to unbuffered LBK media. This effect was not due to membrane leakage since the bacteria were viable at pH 9. The results indicate that the transition to the alkaline duodenum and/or exposure to high pH close to the epithelium as well as activation of the global transcription factor CRP are signals that induce secretion of the LT toxin in ETEC.

  20. Polarized Structure Function $\\sigma_{LT'}$ for $p({\\vec e},e'K^+)\\Lambda$ in the Nucleon Resonance Region

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nasseripour, Rakhsha; Raue, Brian; Ambrozewicz, Pawel; Carman, Daniel; Amaryan, Moscov; Amaryan, Moskov; Anciant, Eric; Anghinolfi, Marco; Asavapibhop, Burin; Asryan, Gegham; Audit, Gerard; Auger, Thierry; Avagyan, Harutyun; Baghdasaryan, Hovhannes; Baillie, Nathan; Ball, J.P.; Ball, Jacques; Ball, J.P.; Ball, Jacques; Ball, J.P.; Ball, Jacques; Ball, J.P.; Ball, Jacques; Baltzell, Nathan; Barrow, Steve; Battaglieri, Marco; Beard, Kevin; Bedlinskiy, Ivan; Bektasoglu, Mehmet; Bellis, Matthew; Benmouna, Nawal; Berman, Barry; Biselli, Angela; Blaszczyk, Lukasz; Bonner, Billy; Bouchigny, Sylvain; Boyarinov, Sergey; Bradford, Robert; Branford, Derek; Briscoe, William; Brooks, William; Burkert, Volker; Butuceanu, Cornel; Calarco, John; Careccia, Sharon; Casey, Liam; Cetina, Catalina; Chen, Shifeng; Cheng, Lu; Cole, Philip; Collins, Patrick; Coltharp, Philip; Cords, Dieter; Corvisiero, Pietro; Crabb, Donald; Crede, Volker; Dale, Daniel; Dashyan, Natalya; De Masi, Rita; De Vita, Raffaella; De Sanctis, Enzo; Degtiarenko, Pavel; Dennis, Lawrence; Deur, Alexandre; Dhuga, Kalvir; Dickson, Richard; Djalali, Chaden; Dodge, Gail; Doughty, David; Dragovitsch, Peter; Dugger, Michael; Dytman, Steven; Dzyubak, Oleksandr; Egiyan, Hovanes; Egiyan, Kim; Elfassi, Lamiaa; Elouadrhiri, Latifa; Eugenio, Paul; Fatemi, Renee; Fedotov, Gleb; Feldman, Gerald; Feuerbach, Robert; Forest, Tony; Fradi, Ahmed; Funsten, Herbert; Garcon, Michel; Gavalian, Gagik; Gevorgyan, Nerses; Gilfoyle, Gerard; Giovanetti, Kevin; Girard, Pascal; Girod, Francois-Xavier; Goetz, John; Gothe, Ralf; Gothe, Ralf; Griffioen, Keith; Guidal, Michel; Guillo, Matthieu; Guler, Nevzat; Guo, Lei; Gyurjyan, Vardan; Hafidi, Kawtar; Hakobyan, Hayk; Hanretty, Charles; Hardie, John; Heddle, David; Hersman, F.; Hicks, Kenneth; Hleiqawi, Ishaq; Holtrop, Maurik; Hu, Jicun; Hyde, Charles; Ilieva, Yordanka; Ireland, David; Ishkhanov, Boris; Isupov, Evgeny; Ito, Mark; Jenkins, David; Jo, Hyon-Suk; Johnstone, John; Joo, Kyungseon; Juengst, Henry; Kalantarians, Narbe; Kellie, James; Khandaker, Mahbubul; Kim, Kui; Kim, Kyungmo; Kim, Wooyoung; Klein, Andreas; Klein, Franz; Kossov, Mikhail; Krahn, Zebulun; Kramer, Laird; Kubarovsky, Valery; Kuhn, Joachim; Kuhn, Sebastian; Kuleshov, Sergey; Kuznetsov, Viacheslav; Lachniet, Jeff; Laget, Jean; Langheinrich, Jorn; Lawrence, David; Livingston, Kenneth; Lu, Haiyun; Lukashin, Konstantin; MacCormick, Marion; Manak, Joseph; Markov, Nikolai; Mattione, Paul; McAleer, Simeon; McKinnon, Bryan; McNabb, John; Mecking, Bernhard; Mestayer, Mac; Meyer, Curtis; Mibe, Tsutomu; Mikhaylov, Konstantin; Minehart, Ralph; Mirazita, Marco; Miskimen, Rory; Mokeev, Viktor; Moreno, Brahim; Moriya, Kei; Morrow, Steven; Moteabbed, Maryam; Mueller, James; Munevar Espitia, Edwin; Mutchler, Gordon; Nadel-Turonski, Pawel; Niccolai, Silvia; Niculescu, Gabriel; Niculescu, Maria-Ioana; Niczyporuk, Bogdan; Niroula, Megh; Niyazov, Rustam; Nozar, Mina; Osipenko, Mikhail; Ostrovidov, Alexander; Park, Kijun; Pasyuk, Evgueni; Paterson, Craig; Pereira, Sergio; Peterson, Gerald; Philips, Sasha; Pierce, Joshua; Pivnyuk, Nikolay; Pocanic, Dinko; Pogorelko, Oleg; Pozdnyakov, Sergey; Preedom, Barry; Price, John; Procureur, Sebastien; Prok, Yelena; Protopopescu, Dan; Qin, Liming; Riccardi, Gregory; Ricco, Giovanni; Ripani, Marco; Ritchie, Barry; Rosner, Guenther; Rossi, Patrizia; Rubin, Philip; Sabatie, Franck; Salamanca, Julian; Salgado, Carlos; Santoro, Joseph; Sapunenko, Vladimir; Sayre, Donald; Schumacher, Reinhard; Serov, Vladimir; Shafi, Aziz; Sharabian, Youri; Sharov, Dmitri; Shvedunov, Nikolay; Simionatto, Sebastio; Skabelin, Alexander; Smith, Elton; Smith, Lee; Sober, Daniel; Sokhan, Daria; Stavinsky, Aleksey; Stepanyan, Samuel; Stepanyan, Stepan; Stokes, Burnham; Stoler, Paul; Strakovski, Igor; Strauch, Steffen; Taiuti, Mauro; Taylor, Shawn; Tedeschi, David; Thoma, Ulrike; Thompson, Richard; Tkabladze, Avtandil; Tkachenko, Svyatoslav; Ungaro, Maurizio; Vineyard, Michael; Vlassov, Alexander; Wang,

    2008-06-01

    The first measurements of the polarized structure function $\\sigma_{LT'}$ for the reaction $p(\\vec e,e'K^+)\\Lambda$ in the nucleon resonance region are reported. Measurements are included from threshold up to $W$=2.05 GeV for central values of $Q^2$ of 0.65 and 1.00 GeV$^2$, and nearly the entire kaon center-of-mass angular range. $\\sigma_{LT'}$ is the imaginary part of the longitudinal-transverse response and is expected to be sensitive to interferences between competing intermediate s-channel resonances, as well as resonant and non-resonant processes. The results for $\\sigma_{LT'}$ are comparable in magnitude to previously reported results from CLAS for $\\sigma_{LT}$, the real part of the same response. An intriguing sign change in $\\sigma_{LT'}$ is observed in the high $Q^2$ data at $W\\approx 1.9$ GeV. Comparisons to several existing model predictions are shown.

  1. Discovery of a visual T-dwarf triple system and binarity at the L/T transition

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Radigan, Jacqueline [Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Jayawardhana, Ray [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Toronto, 50 St. George Street, Toronto, ON M5S 3H4 (Canada); Lafrenière, David [Département de Physique, Université de Montréal, C.P. 6128 Succ. Centre-Ville, Montréal, QC H3C 3J7 (Canada); Dupuy, Trent J. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Liu, Michael C. [Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii, 2680 Woodlawn Drive, Honolulu, HI 96822 (United States); Scholz, Alexander, E-mail: radigan@stsci.edu [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of St Andrews, North Haugh, St Andrews, KY169SS (United Kingdom)

    2013-11-20

    We present new high contrast imaging of eight L/T transition brown dwarfs (BDs) using the NIRC2 camera on the Keck II telescope. One of our targets, the T3.5 dwarf 2MASS J08381155+1511155, was resolved into a hierarchal triple with projected separations of 2.5 ± 0.5 AU and 27 ± 5 AU for the BC and A(BC) components, respectively. Resolved OSIRIS spectroscopy of the A(BC) components confirms that all system members are T dwarfs. The system therefore constitutes the first triple T-dwarf system ever reported. Using resolved photometry to model the integrated-light spectrum, we infer spectral types of T3 ± 1, T3 ± 1, and T4.5 ± 1 for the A, B, and C components, respectively. The uniformly brighter primary has a bluer J – K{sub s} color than the next faintest component, which may reflect a sensitive dependence of the L/T transition temperature on gravity, or alternatively divergent cloud properties among components. Relying on empirical trends and evolutionary models we infer a total system mass of 0.034-0.104 M {sub ☉} for the BC components at ages of 0.3-3 Gyr, which would imply a period of 12-21 yr assuming the system semimajor axis to be similar to its projection. We also infer differences in effective temperatures and surface gravities between components of no more than ∼150 K and ∼0.1 dex. Given the similar physical properties of the components, the 2M0838+15 system provides a controlled sample for constraining the relative roles of effective temperature, surface gravity, and dust clouds in the poorly understood L/T transition regime. For an age of 3 Gyr we estimate a binding energy of ∼20 × 10{sup 41} erg for the wide A(BC) pair, which falls above the empirical minimum found for typical BD binaries, and suggests that the system may have been able to survive a dynamical ejection during formation. Combining our imaging survey results with previous work we find an observed binary fraction of 4/18 or 22{sub −8}{sup +10}% for unresolved spectral types

  2. “Distributed hybrid” MH–CGH2 system for hydrogen storage and its supply to LT PEMFC power modules

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lototskyy, M., E-mail: mlototskyy@uwc.ac.za [HySA Systems Competence Centre, South African Institute for Advanced Materials Chemistry, Faculty of Natural Sciences, University of the Western Cape, Private Bag X17, Bellville 7535 (South Africa); Tolj, I.; Davids, M.W.; Bujlo, P. [HySA Systems Competence Centre, South African Institute for Advanced Materials Chemistry, Faculty of Natural Sciences, University of the Western Cape, Private Bag X17, Bellville 7535 (South Africa); Smith, F. [Impala Platinum Ltd, Springs (South Africa); Pollet, B.G. [HySA Systems Competence Centre, South African Institute for Advanced Materials Chemistry, Faculty of Natural Sciences, University of the Western Cape, Private Bag X17, Bellville 7535 (South Africa)

    2015-10-05

    Highlights: • Prototype hydrogen storage and supply system for LTPEMFC applications was developed. • Combination of MH and CGH2 tanks with common gas manifold was used. • Thermal coupling of fuel cell stack and MH tank was applied. • The system uses AB2-type MH; H2 equilibrium pressure ∼10 bar at room temperature. • Shorter H2 charge time and stable H2 supply at a fluctuating load were observed. - Abstract: This paper describes the layout and presents the results of the testing of a novel prototype “distributed hybrid” hydrogen storage and supply system that has the potential to be used for Low Temperature Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell (LT-PEMFC) applications. The system consists of individual Metal Hydride (MH) and Compressed Gas (CGH2) tanks with common gas manifold, and a thermal management system where heat exchanger of the liquid heated-cooled MH tank is integrated with the cooling system of the LT-PEMFC BoP. The MH tank is filled with a medium-stability AB{sub 2}-type MH material (H{sub 2} equilibrium pressure of about 10 bar at room temperature). This innovative solution allows for (i) an increase in hydrogen storage capacity of the whole gas storage system and the reduction of H{sub 2} charge pressure; (ii) shorter charging times in the refuelling mode and smoother peaks of H{sub 2} consumption during its supply to the fuel cell stack; (iii) the use of standard parts with simple layout and lower costs; and (iv) adding flexibility in the layout and placement of the components of the hydrogen storage and supply system.

  3. “Distributed hybrid” MH–CGH2 system for hydrogen storage and its supply to LT PEMFC power modules

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lototskyy, M.; Tolj, I.; Davids, M.W.; Bujlo, P.; Smith, F.; Pollet, B.G.

    2015-01-01

    Highlights: • Prototype hydrogen storage and supply system for LTPEMFC applications was developed. • Combination of MH and CGH2 tanks with common gas manifold was used. • Thermal coupling of fuel cell stack and MH tank was applied. • The system uses AB2-type MH; H2 equilibrium pressure ∼10 bar at room temperature. • Shorter H2 charge time and stable H2 supply at a fluctuating load were observed. - Abstract: This paper describes the layout and presents the results of the testing of a novel prototype “distributed hybrid” hydrogen storage and supply system that has the potential to be used for Low Temperature Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell (LT-PEMFC) applications. The system consists of individual Metal Hydride (MH) and Compressed Gas (CGH2) tanks with common gas manifold, and a thermal management system where heat exchanger of the liquid heated-cooled MH tank is integrated with the cooling system of the LT-PEMFC BoP. The MH tank is filled with a medium-stability AB 2 -type MH material (H 2 equilibrium pressure of about 10 bar at room temperature). This innovative solution allows for (i) an increase in hydrogen storage capacity of the whole gas storage system and the reduction of H 2 charge pressure; (ii) shorter charging times in the refuelling mode and smoother peaks of H 2 consumption during its supply to the fuel cell stack; (iii) the use of standard parts with simple layout and lower costs; and (iv) adding flexibility in the layout and placement of the components of the hydrogen storage and supply system

  4. Characterization and Validation of the LT-SYS Copper Assay on a Roche Cobas 8000 c502 Analyzer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kraus, F Bernhard; Mischereit, Marlies; Eller, Christoph; Ludwig-Kraus, Beatrice

    2017-02-01

    Validation of the LT-SYS quantitative in vitro copper assay on a Roche Cobas 8000 c502 analyzer and comparison with a BIOMED assay on a Roche Cobas Mira analyzer. Imprecision and bias were quantified at different concentration levels (serum and plasma) over a 20-day period. Linearity was assessed covering a range from 4.08 µmol/L to 33.8 µmol/L. Limit of blank (LoB) and limit of detection (LoD) were established based on a total of 120 blank and low-level samples. The method comparison was based on 58 plasma samples. Within-run imprecision ranged from 0.7% to 1.2% and within-laboratory imprecision from 1.4% to 3.3%. Relative bias for the 2 serum pools with known target values was less than 2.5%. The assay did not deviate from linearity over the tested measuring range. LoB and LoD were 0.12 µmol/L and 0.23 µmol/L, respectively. The method comparison revealed an average deviation of 11.5% (2.016 µmol/L), and the linear regression fit was y = 1.464 + 0.795x. The LT-SYS copper assay characterized in this study showed a fully acceptable performance with good degrees of imprecision and bias, no deviation from linearity in the relevant measuring rangem, and very low LoB and LoD. © American Society for Clinical Pathology, 2016. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  5. Clonal relatedness of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) strains expressing LT and CS17 isolated from children with diarrhoea in La Paz, Bolivia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodas, Claudia; Klena, John D; Nicklasson, Matilda; Iniguez, Volga; Sjöling, Asa

    2011-01-01

    Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) is a major cause of traveller's and infantile diarrhoea in the developing world. ETEC produces two toxins, a heat-stable toxin (known as ST) and a heat-labile toxin (LT) and colonization factors that help the bacteria to attach to epithelial cells. In this study, we characterized a subset of ETEC clinical isolates recovered from Bolivian children under 5 years of age using a combination of multilocus sequence typing (MLST) analysis, virulence typing, serotyping and antimicrobial resistance test patterns in order to determine the genetic background of ETEC strains circulating in Bolivia. We found that strains expressing the heat-labile (LT) enterotoxin and colonization factor CS17 were common and belonged to several MLST sequence types but mainly to sequence type-423 and sequence type-443 (Achtman scheme). To further study the LT/CS17 strains we analysed the nucleotide sequence of the CS17 operon and compared the structure to LT/CS17 ETEC isolates from Bangladesh. Sequence analysis confirmed that all sequence type-423 strains from Bolivia had a single nucleotide polymorphism; SNP(bol) in the CS17 operon that was also found in some other MLST sequence types from Bolivia but not in strains recovered from Bangladeshi children. The dominant ETEC clone in Bolivia (sequence type-423/SNP(bol)) was found to persist over multiple years and was associated with severe diarrhoea but these strains were variable with respect to antimicrobial resistance patterns. The results showed that although the LT/CS17 phenotype is common among ETEC strains in Bolivia, multiple clones, as determined by unique MLST sequence types, populate this phenotype. Our data also appear to suggest that acquisition and loss of antimicrobial resistance in LT-expressing CS17 ETEC clones is more dynamic than acquisition or loss of virulence factors.

  6. Clonal Relatedness of Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) Strains Expressing LT and CS17 Isolated from Children with Diarrhoea in La Paz, Bolivia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodas, Claudia; Klena, John D.; Nicklasson, Matilda; Iniguez, Volga; Sjöling, Åsa

    2011-01-01

    Background Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) is a major cause of traveller's and infantile diarrhoea in the developing world. ETEC produces two toxins, a heat-stable toxin (known as ST) and a heat-labile toxin (LT) and colonization factors that help the bacteria to attach to epithelial cells. Methodology/Principal Findings In this study, we characterized a subset of ETEC clinical isolates recovered from Bolivian children under 5 years of age using a combination of multilocus sequence typing (MLST) analysis, virulence typing, serotyping and antimicrobial resistance test patterns in order to determine the genetic background of ETEC strains circulating in Bolivia. We found that strains expressing the heat-labile (LT) enterotoxin and colonization factor CS17 were common and belonged to several MLST sequence types but mainly to sequence type-423 and sequence type-443 (Achtman scheme). To further study the LT/CS17 strains we analysed the nucleotide sequence of the CS17 operon and compared the structure to LT/CS17 ETEC isolates from Bangladesh. Sequence analysis confirmed that all sequence type-423 strains from Bolivia had a single nucleotide polymorphism; SNPbol in the CS17 operon that was also found in some other MLST sequence types from Bolivia but not in strains recovered from Bangladeshi children. The dominant ETEC clone in Bolivia (sequence type-423/SNPbol) was found to persist over multiple years and was associated with severe diarrhoea but these strains were variable with respect to antimicrobial resistance patterns. Conclusion/Significance The results showed that although the LT/CS17 phenotype is common among ETEC strains in Bolivia, multiple clones, as determined by unique MLST sequence types, populate this phenotype. Our data also appear to suggest that acquisition and loss of antimicrobial resistance in LT-expressing CS17 ETEC clones is more dynamic than acquisition or loss of virulence factors. PMID:22140423

  7. Unexpected Modulation of Recall B and T Cell Responses after Immunization with Rotavirus-like Particles in the Presence of LT-R192G

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christelle Basset

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available LT-R192G, a mutant of the thermolabile enterotoxin of E. coli, is a potent adjuvant of immunization. Immune responses are generally analyzed at the end of protocols including at least 2 administrations, but rarely after a prime. To investigate this point, we compared B and T cell responses in mice after one and two intrarectal immunizations with 2/6 rotavirus-like particles (2/6-VLP and LT-R192G. After a boost, we found, an unexpected lower B cell expansion measured by flow cytometry, despite a secondary antibody response. We then analyzed CD4+CD25+Foxp3+ regulatory T cells (Tregs and CD4+CD25+Foxp3− helper T cells after in vitro (restimulation of mesenteric lymph node cells with the antigen (2/6-VLP, the adjuvant (LT-R192G or both. 2/6-VLP did not activate CD4+CD25+Foxp3− nor Foxp3+ T cells from non-immunized and 2/6-VLP immunized mice, whereas they did activate both subsets from mice immunized with 2/6-VLP in the presence of adjuvant. LT-R192G dramatically decreased CD4+CD25+Foxp3+ T cells from non-immunized and 2/6-VLP immunized mice but not from mice immunized with 2/6-VLP and adjuvant. Moreover, in this case, LT-R192G increased Foxp3 expression on CD4+CD25+Foxp3+ cells, suggesting specific Treg activation during the recall. Finally, when both 2/6-VLP and LT-R192G were used for restimulation, LT-R192G clearly suppressed both 2/6-VLP-specific CD4+CD25+Foxp3− and Foxp3+ T cells. All together, these results suggest that LT-R192G exerts different effects on CD4+CD25+Foxp3+ T cells, depending on a first or a second contact. The unexpected immunomodulation observed during the recall should be considered in designing vaccination protocols.

  8. High performance ceria-bismuth bilayer electrolyte low temperature solid oxide fuel cells (LT-SOFCs) fabricated by combining co-pressing with drop-coating

    KAUST Repository

    Hou, Jie; Bi, Lei; Qian, Jing; Zhu, Zhiwen; Zhang, Junyu; Liu, Wei

    2015-01-01

    The Sm0.075Nd0.075Ce0.85O2-δ-Er0.4Bi1.6O3 bilayer structure film, which showed an encouraging performance in LT-SOFCs, was successfully fabricated by a simple low cost technique combining one-step co-pressing with drop-coating.

  9. High performance ceria-bismuth bilayer electrolyte low temperature solid oxide fuel cells (LT-SOFCs) fabricated by combining co-pressing with drop-coating

    KAUST Repository

    Hou, Jie

    2015-03-24

    The Sm0.075Nd0.075Ce0.85O2-δ-Er0.4Bi1.6O3 bilayer structure film, which showed an encouraging performance in LT-SOFCs, was successfully fabricated by a simple low cost technique combining one-step co-pressing with drop-coating.

  10. Effects of doping on ferroelectric properties and leakage current behavior of KNN-LT-LS thin films on SrTiO3 substrate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abazari, M.; Safari, A.

    2009-05-01

    We report the effects of Ba, Ti, and Mn dopants on ferroelectric polarization and leakage current of (K0.44Na0.52Li0.04)(Nb0.84Ta0.1Sb0.06)O3 (KNN-LT-LS) thin films deposited by pulsed laser deposition. It is shown that donor dopants such as Ba2+, which increased the resistivity in bulk KNN-LT-LS, had an opposite effect in the thin film. Ti4+ as an acceptor B-site dopant reduces the leakage current by an order of magnitude, while the polarization values showed a slight degradation. Mn4+, however, was found to effectively suppress the leakage current by over two orders of magnitude while enhancing the polarization, with 15 and 23 μC/cm2 remanent and saturated polarization, whose values are ˜70% and 82% of the reported values for bulk composition. This phenomenon has been associated with the dual effect of Mn4+ in KNN-LT-LS thin film, by substituting both A- and B-site cations. A detailed description on how each dopant affects the concentrations of vacancies in the lattice is presented. Mn-doped KNN-LT-LS thin films are shown to be a promising candidate for lead-free thin films and applications.

  11. Resuscitation of the viable but non-culturable state of Salmonella enterica serovar Oranienburg by recombinant resuscitation-promoting factor derived from Salmonella Typhimurium strain LT2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Panutdaporn, N; Kawamoto, K; Asakura, H; Makino, S-I

    2006-02-15

    A gene encoding the resuscitation-promoting factor (Rpf) from Salmonella Typhimurium LT2 was cloned and characterized. The amino acid sequence encoded by S. Typhimurium LT2 rpf gene shares 24.2% homology with Micrococcus luteus Rpf, which is secreted by growing cells, and required to resuscitate from viable but non-culturable (VNC) state. The S. Typhimurium LT2 rpf gene is 696 bp long, and shared a conserved segment with Salmonella enterica serovar Oranienburg (99.4%). Recombinant Rpf (rRpf) proteins of S. Typhimurium LT2 after expression in E. coli BL21 harboring the pET15-b plasmid was approximately 25 kDa. Since S. Oranienburg cells are relatively quick to enter the VNC state just after incubating in the presence of 7% NaCl at 37 degrees C for 3 days, we evaluated the biological effect of rRpf by using S. Oranienburg VNC cells. The rRpf not only promoted proliferation but also induced resuscitation of VNC cells to the culturable state in a dose-dependent manner. Therefore, rRpf may be useful for detection of bacterial contaminants present in the VNC form in food samples and the environment.

  12. VizieR Online Data Catalog: L/T transition dwarfs search with PS1 & WISE. II. (Best+, 2015)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Best, W. M. J.; Liu, M. C.; Magnier, E. A.; Deacon, N. R.; Aller, K. M.; Redstone, J.; Burgett, W. S.; Chambers, K. C.; Draper, P.; Flewelling, H.; Hodapp, K. W.; Kaiser, N.; Metcalfe, N.; Tonry, J. L.; Wainscoat, R. J.; Waters, C.

    2016-03-01

    We used the new Pan-STARRS1 Survey (PS1; Kaiser et al. 2010SPIE.7733E..0EK) detections through 2012 January cross-matched with the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE; Wright et al. 2010AJ....140.1868W) All-sky Release using a 3" matching radius. In Best et al. (2013ApJ...777...84B; Paper I), we presented seven initial discoveries from our search, all bright L/T transition dwarfs within 15pc. In this paper, we present the complete results of our search, including 79 total L/T transition dwarfs and 23 young or potentially young late-M and L dwarfs. The PS1 3π survey (K. C. Chambers et al. 2016AAS...22732407C) has obtained an average of ~12 epochs of imaging in five optical bands (gP1, rP1, iP1, zP1, yP1) with a 1.8-m wide-field telescope on Haleakala, Maui, covering the entire sky north of -30° declination. Imaging began in 2010 May and concluded in 2014 March. The WISE All-sky Source Catalog (Cutri et al. 2012, II/311) comprises data taken between 2010 January and August in four mid-infrared bands: W1 (3.6um), W2 (4.5um), W3 (12um), and W4 (22um). We searched the UKIDSS Data Release 9 (DR9; Lawrence et al. 2013, II/319) and VISTA Hemisphere Survey (Cross et al. 2012A&A...548A.119C) catalogs for JHK photometry of our candidates on the Mauna Kea Observatories (MKO) filter system. For objects not found in either survey, we obtained follow-up images using WFCAM on the 3.8m United Kingdom InfraRed Telescope (UKIRT) as part of the UKIRT Service Program. Observations took place on multiple nights spanning 2010 September to 2013 December. We obtained low-resolution near-IR spectra for our 142 candidates between 2012 July and 2014 January using the NASA IRTF/SpeX spectrograph (details of our observations are listed in table 3). (7 data files).

  13. Tectonic origin of serpentinites on Syros, Greece: Geochemical signatures of abyssal origin preserved in a HP/LT subduction complex

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooperdock, Emily H. G.; Raia, Natalie H.; Barnes, Jaime D.; Stockli, Daniel F.; Schwarzenbach, Esther M.

    2018-01-01

    This study combines whole rock trace and major element geochemistry, and stable isotope (δD and δ18O) analyses with petrographic observations to deduce the origin and tectonic setting of serpentinization of ultramafic blocks from the exhumed HP/LT Aegean subduction complex on Syros, Greece. Samples are completely serpentinized and are characterized by mineral assemblages that consist of variable amounts of serpentine, talc, chlorite, and magnetite. δD and δ18O values of bulk rock serpentinite powders and chips (δD = - 64 to - 33‰ and δ18O = + 5.2 to + 9.0‰) reflect hydration by seawater at temperatures serpentinization by seawater, followed by secondary fluid-rock interactions with a sedimentary source pre- or syn-subduction. Whole rock major element, trace element, and REE analyses record limited melt extraction, exhibit flat REE patterns, and do not show pronounced Eu anomalies. The geochemical signatures preserved in these serpentinites argue against a mantle wedge source, as has been previously speculated for ultramafic rocks on Syros. Rather, the data are consistent with derivation from abyssal peridotites in a hyper-extended margin setting or mid-ocean ridge and fracture zone environment. In either case, the data suggest an extensional and/or oceanic origin associated with the Cretaceous opening of the Pindos Ocean and not a subduction-related derivation from the mantle wedge.

  14. Captain Nemo/Lt-General Pitt Rivers and Cleopatra’s Needle — A Story of Flagships

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christopher Evans

    2005-11-01

    Full Text Available Recently re-reading Verne’s 20,000 Leagues Beneath the Sea for our children I was struck by the marked similarities between the novel’s elusive protagonist, Captain Nemo, and the renowned later 19th century British archaeologist, Lt.-General Pitt Rivers. Could they have been the same person? How could something so seemingly blatant have gone unnoticed? These questions are, of course, only raised in a spirit of academic tongue-in-check. Yet, in an ethos of ‘learning through amusement’ (itself directly relevant to the themes of this study, exploring the parallels between these two ‘heroic’ individuals provides insights into the nature of 19th century science, Victorian edification and disciplinary institutionalisation (e.g. Levine 1986. This eclectic contribution will, moreover, be introduced with the third component of its headline title – Cleopatra’s Needle – as this provides an appropriately quasinautical parable on the project of 19th century archaeology and the problem of ‘deep time’ (Murray 1993.

  15. Lt Richard Gueli

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Win98SE

    reality, conflicts in Africa (and other parts of the world), often fuelled by deep- ... Often, confusion exists between what is meant by human rights law and .... assist peoples in their right to self-determination; as a result of a state formally consenting ...... As regional 'superpower', it could be argued that South Africa should take a.

  16. Yoğurt Yapımında Saf Kültürün Kullanımı

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sevda Kılıç

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Yoğurt, sütün L. bulgaricus ve S. thermophilus bakterilerini belirli oranlarda içeren kültürle aşılanması sonucu elde edilen bir süt mamülüdür. Yoğurt teknolojisinde yaklaşık 70 yıldır kültür kullanılmaktadır. Kültürün hazırlanmasında yararlanılan bakteriler, belirli özellikleri dikkate alınarak seçilmektedir. Daha sonra yağsız süt tozundan hazırlanan süte aşılanarak 42-44 oC’de inkübasyona bırakılmakta ve pH 4.7 olduğunda inkübasyona son verilerek çoğaltımı ve aktifleşmeleri sağlanmaktadır. Günümüzde diğer ülkelerde olduğu gibi ülkemizde de kültür kullanımı gıda maddeleri tüzüğünün 51. maddesine göre zorunlu tutulmaktadır. Ancak buna rağmen kültür, tam anlamıyla bilinmemekte veya bilinçli olarak kullanılmamaktadır. Yoğurt teknolojisinde kültür, kullanımı ile daha kaliteli yoğurt yapılmaktadır. Uzun süre tat, aroma ve yapısı bozulmadan saklanabilmekte, raf ömrü uzamaktadır. Normal sertlikte olan yoğurtta asitlik istenilen düzeyde olduğu için su salmada görülmez.

  17. Comparison of “Morning Olifera Seed Extract and Magnafloc LT25” in Removal of Water Turbidity Case Study: Tehran’s Jalalieh (1 Water Treatment Plant

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehdi Khan ahmadi

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Coagulation-flocculation is one of the most important processes for water treatment, commonly used all over the world. The use of synthetic polymers known as “Polyelectrolytes as a coagulant aid is now wide spread in water treatment plants. Tehran’s “Jalalieh WTP” has been using an anionic polyelectrolyte under the trade name of “Magna Floc LT25” for a number of years MagnaFloc LT25 (MF-LT25 is a synthetic coagulant with high molecular weight, produced in granular and powder form. The application of this coagulant aid is known to be most effective if injected to water after addition of main coagulant (Ferric Chloride in Tehran’s WTP.  However the use of synthetic polymers in treatment of drinking water has always been under question due to extract of MO seed contains proteins soluble in water which have high coagulating properties. This pilot scale study was performed to compare the coagulating properties of seed extract of MO to MF-LT25, The tests were carried out on Tehran’s raw water in Jalalieh treatment plant. Several turbidity ranges such as 5, 20, 100, and 200 NTU were used representing real seasonal turbidities of influent water to treatment plant. Optimum concentration of the coagulant and coagulant aid was determined within water pH values of 6, 7 and 8, using common “Jar Test” technique. The extract of Moringa Oleifera seed in optimum concentration of 10, 14,25,35 mg/L and optimum pH of 8 is capable in removal of 96.5, 97.4, 98.5 and 99% of water turbidity range of 5, 20, 100, and 200 NTU respectively. Under similar conditions, MF-LT25 removal efficiency were found 97, 98.1, 98.4 and 99.4% of water turbidity range of 5, 20, 100, and 200 NTU at optimum concentrations of 0.015, 0.02, 0.025, 0.03 mg/L respectively. The results also showed that the extract of Moringa Oleifera seed is a powerful coagulating agent, at alkalinity pH values, and is more effective for high turbid waters. It compared well with synthetic

  18. Development and preclinical evaluation of safety and immunogenicity of an oral ETEC vaccine containing inactivated E. coli bacteria overexpressing colonization factors CFA/I, CS3, CS5 and CS6 combined with a hybrid LT/CT B subunit antigen, administered alone and together with dmLT adjuvant.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holmgren, J; Bourgeois, L; Carlin, N; Clements, J; Gustafsson, B; Lundgren, A; Nygren, E; Tobias, J; Walker, R; Svennerholm, A-M

    2013-05-07

    A first-generation oral inactivated whole-cell enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) vaccine, comprising formalin-killed ETEC bacteria expressing different colonization factor (CF) antigens combined with cholera toxin B subunit (CTB), when tested in phase III studies did not significantly reduce overall (generally mild) ETEC diarrhea in travelers or children although it reduced more severe ETEC diarrhea in travelers by almost 80%. We have now developed a novel more immunogenic ETEC vaccine based on recombinant non-toxigenic E. coli strains engineered to express increased amounts of CF antigens, including CS6 as well as an ETEC-based B subunit protein (LCTBA), and the optional combination with a nontoxic double-mutant heat-labile toxin (LT) molecule (dmLT) as an adjuvant. Two test vaccines were prepared under GMP: (1) A prototype E. coli CFA/I-only formalin-killed whole-cell+LCTBA vaccine, and (2) A "complete" inactivated multivalent ETEC-CF (CFA/I, CS3, CS5 and CS6 antigens) whole-cell+LCTBA vaccine. These vaccines, when given intragastrically alone or together with dmLT in mice, were well tolerated and induced strong intestinal-mucosal IgA antibody responses as well as serum IgG and IgA responses to each of the vaccine CF antigens as well as to LT B subunit (LTB). Both mucosal and serum responses were further enhanced (adjuvanted) when the vaccines were co-administered with dmLT. We conclude that the new multivalent oral ETEC vaccine, both alone and especially in combination with the dmLT adjuvant, shows great promise for further testing in humans. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  19. Astrobiology Training in Lava Tubes (ATiLT): Characterizing coralloid speleothems in basaltic lava tubes as a Mars analogue

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ni, J.; Leveille, R. J.; Douglas, P.

    2017-12-01

    Coralloid speleothems or cave corals are small mineralised nodes that can take a variety of forms, and which develop through groundwater seepage and water-rock interaction in caves. They are found commonly on Earth in a plethora of caves, including lava tubes. Since lava tubes have been identified on the surface of Mars from remotely sensed images, there has been interest in studying Earth's lava tube systems as an analogue for understanding Martian lava environments. If cave minerals were found on Mars, they could indicate past or present water-rock interaction in the Martian subsurface. Martian lava tubes could also provide insights into habitable subsurface environments as well as conditions favourable for the synthesis and preservation of biosignatures. One of the aims of the Astrobiology Training in Lava Tubes (ATiLT) project is to analyze biosignatures and paleoenvironmental indicators in secondary cave minerals, which will be looked at in-situ and compared to collected field samples. In this study, secondary mineralization in lava cave systems from Lava Beds National Monument, CA is examined. In the field, coralloid speleothems have been observed growing on all surfaces of the caves, including cave ceilings, floors, walls and overhangs. They are also observed growing adjacent to biofilms, which sometimes fill in the cracks of the coralloid nodes. Preliminary results show the presence of opal, calcite, quartz and other minor minerals in the speleothems. This study seeks to understand the formation mechanism and source of these secondary minerals, as well as determine their possible relation to the biofilms. This will be done through the analysis of the water chemistry, isotope geochemistry and microscale mineralogy.

  20. CONTEMPT-LT/028: a computer program for predicting containment pressure-temperature response to a loss-of-coolant accident

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hargroves, D.W.; Metcalfe, L.J.; Wheat, L.L.; Niederauer, G.F.; Obenchain, C.F.

    1979-03-01

    CONTEMPT-LT is a digital computer program, written in FORTRAN IV, developed to describe the long-term behavior of water-cooled nuclear reactor containment systems subjected to postulated loss-of-coolant accident (LOCA) conditions. The program calculates the time variation of compartment pressures, temperatures, mass and energy inventories, heat structure temperature distributions, and energy exchange with adjacent compartments. The program is capable of describing the effects of leakage on containment response. Models are provided to describe fan cooler and cooling spray engineered safety systems. An annular fan model is also provided to model pressure control in the annular region of dual containment systems. Up to four compartments can be modeled with CONTEMPT-LT, and any compartment except the reactor system may have both a liquid pool region and an air--vapor atmosphere region above the pool. Each region is assumed to have a uniform temperature, but the temperatures of the two regions may be different

  1. Effekten af hydraulisk kontrol på den vertikale fordeling og sammensætning af fytoplankton og zooplanktonsamfundene i Lillebælt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Erik Haar; Christensen, Jens Tang; Lund-Hansen, Lars Chresten

    Effekten af strømbetinget opblanding på fytoplankton og zooplankton sammensætningen i en lagdelt vandsøjle blev undersøgt i Lillebælt i april 2015. De hydrografiske forhold blev kortlagt gennem kontinuerlige målinger med ADCP og undulerende CTD (Scanfish III) langs et transekt fra Tragten nord...... for Fredericia til det centrale Lillebælt. Vandprøver til analyse af fytoplankton blev taget fra tre strata med CTD forsynet med en rosette med Niskin -vandhentere og zooplankton blev indsamlet med et Multinet-maxi (HydroBios, Kiel) fra 9 strata i vandsøjlen. Under kraftig sydgående strøm viste hydrografien...

  2. Raman evidence of the formation of LT-LiCoO 2 thin layers on NiO in molten carbonate at 650°C

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mendoza, L.; Baddour-Hadjean, R.; Cassir, M.; Pereira-Ramos, J. P.

    2004-03-01

    The structural evolution of thin layers of Co 3O 4 elaborated on nickel-based substrates in the Li 2CO 3-Na 2CO 3 carbonate eutectic at 650 °C as a function of time immersion is reported. Raman microspectrometry has been applied in order to provide more information on the nature of the protective cobalt oxide layers. The typical Raman fingerprint of the LT-LiCoO 2 compound has been obtained, with four well defined bands at 449, 484, 590 and 605 cm -1, while XRD data are unable to distinguish the layered phase (HT) from the spinel one (LT). The mechanical stability of such films does not exceed 10 h in direct contact with the molten carbonate bulk at 650 °C; nevertheless, these conditions are much more corrosive than in a molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC).

  3. The effect of triiodothyronine (L-T3) and weight loss on sex-hormone binding globulin (SHBG) in hirsute obese women

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cavaliere, H.; Medeiros Neto, G.A.

    1984-01-01

    The effect of a 60-day period of treatment with L-T 3 (200 μg/day) was evaluated in hirsute obese women and normal controls. The obese patients were also submitted to a low calorie high protein. Mean initial weight significantly declined with a significant lowering of the mean DHEA-S leves. There was changes in serum T 3 rose in both obese and normal patients. Serum sex-hormone binding globulin levels at baseline studies were significantly higher in normal controls than in obese patients. At the end of de 60-day period of L-T 3 administration it was observed in both groups a 2-4 fold increase in serum SHBG levels but normal controls had significantly higher mean values than obese individuals. (M.A.C.) [pt

  4. Celecoxib and tauro-ursodeoxycholic acid co-treatment inhibits cell growth in familial adenomatous polyposis derived LT97 colon adenoma cells

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Heumen, Bjorn W.H. van, E-mail: b.vanheumen@mdl.umcn.nl [Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen (Netherlands); Roelofs, Hennie M.J.; Morsche, Rene H.M. te [Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen (Netherlands); Marian, Brigitte [Institute of Cancer Research, Wien University, Vienna (Austria); Nagengast, Fokko M.; Peters, Wilbert H.M. [Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen (Netherlands)

    2012-04-15

    Chemoprevention would be a desirable strategy to avoid duodenectomy in patients with familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) suffering from duodenal adenomatosis. We investigated the in vitro effects on cell proliferation, apoptosis, and COX-2 expression of the potential chemopreventives celecoxib and tauro-ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA). HT-29 colon cancer cells and LT97 colorectal micro-adenoma cells derived from a patient with FAP, were exposed to low dose celecoxib and UDCA alone or in combination with tauro-cholic acid (CA) and tauro-chenodeoxycholic acid (CDCA), mimicking bile of FAP patients treated with UDCA. In HT-29 cells, co-treatment with low dose celecoxib and UDCA resulted in a decreased cell growth (14-17%, p < 0.01). A more pronounced decrease (23-27%, p < 0.01) was observed in LT97 cells. Cell growth of HT-29 cells exposed to 'artificial bile' enriched with UDCA, was decreased (p < 0.001), either in the absence or presence of celecoxib. In LT97 cells incubated with 'artificial bile' enriched with UDCA, cell growth was decreased only in the presence of celecoxib (p < 0.05). No clear evidence was found for involvement of proliferating cell nuclear antigen, caspase-3, or COX-2 in the cellular processes leading to the observed changes in cell growth. In conclusion, co-treatment with low dose celecoxib and UDCA has growth inhibitory effects on colorectal adenoma cells derived from a patient with FAP, and further research on this combination as promising chemopreventive strategy is desired. -- Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Celecoxib and UDCA acid co-treatment decreases cell growth in colon tumor cells. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer UDCA enriched 'artificial bile' decreases LT-97 cell growth only in presence of celecoxib. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer PCNA, caspase-3, nor COX-2 seem to be involved in the observed changes in cell growth.

  5. Celecoxib and tauro-ursodeoxycholic acid co-treatment inhibits cell growth in familial adenomatous polyposis derived LT97 colon adenoma cells

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Heumen, Bjorn W.H. van; Roelofs, Hennie M.J.; Morsche, René H.M. te; Marian, Brigitte; Nagengast, Fokko M.; Peters, Wilbert H.M.

    2012-01-01

    Chemoprevention would be a desirable strategy to avoid duodenectomy in patients with familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) suffering from duodenal adenomatosis. We investigated the in vitro effects on cell proliferation, apoptosis, and COX-2 expression of the potential chemopreventives celecoxib and tauro-ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA). HT-29 colon cancer cells and LT97 colorectal micro-adenoma cells derived from a patient with FAP, were exposed to low dose celecoxib and UDCA alone or in combination with tauro-cholic acid (CA) and tauro-chenodeoxycholic acid (CDCA), mimicking bile of FAP patients treated with UDCA. In HT-29 cells, co-treatment with low dose celecoxib and UDCA resulted in a decreased cell growth (14–17%, p < 0.01). A more pronounced decrease (23–27%, p < 0.01) was observed in LT97 cells. Cell growth of HT-29 cells exposed to ‘artificial bile’ enriched with UDCA, was decreased (p < 0.001), either in the absence or presence of celecoxib. In LT97 cells incubated with ‘artificial bile’ enriched with UDCA, cell growth was decreased only in the presence of celecoxib (p < 0.05). No clear evidence was found for involvement of proliferating cell nuclear antigen, caspase-3, or COX-2 in the cellular processes leading to the observed changes in cell growth. In conclusion, co-treatment with low dose celecoxib and UDCA has growth inhibitory effects on colorectal adenoma cells derived from a patient with FAP, and further research on this combination as promising chemopreventive strategy is desired. -- Highlights: ► Celecoxib and UDCA acid co-treatment decreases cell growth in colon tumor cells. ► UDCA enriched ‘artificial bile’ decreases LT-97 cell growth only in presence of celecoxib. ► PCNA, caspase-3, nor COX-2 seem to be involved in the observed changes in cell growth.

  6. A SEARCH FOR L/T TRANSITION DWARFS WITH Pan-STARRS1 AND WISE: DISCOVERY OF SEVEN NEARBY OBJECTS INCLUDING TWO CANDIDATE SPECTROSCOPIC VARIABLES

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Best, William M. J.; Liu, Michael C.; Magnier, Eugene A.; Aller, Kimberly M.; Burgett, W. S.; Chambers, K. C.; Hodapp, K. W.; Kaiser, N.; Kudritzki, R.-P.; Morgan, J. S.; Tonry, J. L.; Wainscoat, R. J.; Deacon, Niall R.; Dupuy, Trent J.; Redstone, Joshua; Price, P. A.

    2013-01-01

    We present initial results from a wide-field (30,000 deg 2 ) search for L/T transition brown dwarfs within 25 pc using the Pan-STARRS1 and Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) surveys. Previous large-area searches have been incomplete for L/T transition dwarfs, because these objects are faint in optical bands and have near-infrared (near-IR) colors that are difficult to distinguish from background stars. To overcome these obstacles, we have cross-matched the Pan-STARRS1 (optical) and WISE (mid-IR) catalogs to produce a unique multi-wavelength database for finding ultracool dwarfs. As part of our initial discoveries, we have identified seven brown dwarfs in the L/T transition within 9-15 pc of the Sun. The L9.5 dwarf PSO J140.2308+45.6487 and the T1.5 dwarf PSO J307.6784+07.8263 (both independently discovered by Mace et al.) show possible spectroscopic variability at the Y and J bands. Two more objects in our sample show evidence of photometric J-band variability, and two others are candidate unresolved binaries based on their spectra. We expect our full search to yield a well-defined, volume-limited sample of L/T transition dwarfs that will include many new targets for study of this complex regime. PSO J307.6784+07.8263 in particular may be an excellent candidate for in-depth study of variability, given its brightness (J = 14.2 mag) and proximity (11 pc)

  7. A SEARCH FOR L/T TRANSITION DWARFS WITH Pan-STARRS1 AND WISE: DISCOVERY OF SEVEN NEARBY OBJECTS INCLUDING TWO CANDIDATE SPECTROSCOPIC VARIABLES

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Best, William M. J.; Liu, Michael C.; Magnier, Eugene A.; Aller, Kimberly M.; Burgett, W. S.; Chambers, K. C.; Hodapp, K. W.; Kaiser, N.; Kudritzki, R.-P.; Morgan, J. S.; Tonry, J. L.; Wainscoat, R. J. [Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, HI 96822 (United States); Deacon, Niall R. [Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Koenigstuhl 17, D-69117 Heidelberg (Germany); Dupuy, Trent J. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Redstone, Joshua [Facebook, 335 Madison Ave, New York, NY 10017-4677 (United States); Price, P. A., E-mail: wbest@ifa.hawaii.edu [Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544 (United States)

    2013-11-10

    We present initial results from a wide-field (30,000 deg{sup 2}) search for L/T transition brown dwarfs within 25 pc using the Pan-STARRS1 and Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) surveys. Previous large-area searches have been incomplete for L/T transition dwarfs, because these objects are faint in optical bands and have near-infrared (near-IR) colors that are difficult to distinguish from background stars. To overcome these obstacles, we have cross-matched the Pan-STARRS1 (optical) and WISE (mid-IR) catalogs to produce a unique multi-wavelength database for finding ultracool dwarfs. As part of our initial discoveries, we have identified seven brown dwarfs in the L/T transition within 9-15 pc of the Sun. The L9.5 dwarf PSO J140.2308+45.6487 and the T1.5 dwarf PSO J307.6784+07.8263 (both independently discovered by Mace et al.) show possible spectroscopic variability at the Y and J bands. Two more objects in our sample show evidence of photometric J-band variability, and two others are candidate unresolved binaries based on their spectra. We expect our full search to yield a well-defined, volume-limited sample of L/T transition dwarfs that will include many new targets for study of this complex regime. PSO J307.6784+07.8263 in particular may be an excellent candidate for in-depth study of variability, given its brightness (J = 14.2 mag) and proximity (11 pc)

  8. The effect of rider weight and additional weight in Icelandic horses in tölt: part II. Stride parameters responses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gunnarsson, V; Stefánsdóttir, G J; Jansson, A; Roepstorff, L

    2017-09-01

    This study investigated the effects of rider weight in the BW ratio (BWR) range common for Icelandic horses (20% to 35%), on stride parameters in tölt in Icelandic horses. The kinematics of eight experienced Icelandic school horses were measured during an incremental exercise test using a high-speed camera (300 frames/s). Each horse performed five phases (642 m each) in tölt at a BWR between rider (including saddle) and horse starting at 20% (BWR20) and increasing to 25% (BWR25), 30% (BWR30), 35% (BWR35) and finally 20% (BWR20b) was repeated. One professional rider rode all horses and weight (lead) was added to saddle and rider as needed. For each phase, eight strides at speed of 5.5 m/s were analyzed for stride duration, stride frequency, stride length, duty factor (DF), lateral advanced placement, lateral advanced liftoff, unipedal support (UPS), bipedal support (BPS) and height of front leg action. Stride length became shorter (Y=2.73-0.004x; P0.05). In conclusion, increased BWR decreased stride length and increased DF proportionally to the same extent in all limbs, whereas BPS increased at the expense of decreased UPS. These changes can be expected to decrease tölt quality when subjectively evaluated according to the breeding goals for the Icelandic horse. However, beat, symmetry and height of front leg lifting were not affected by BWR.

  9. The effect of rider weight and additional weight in Icelandic horses in tölt: part I. Physiological responses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stefánsdóttir, G J; Gunnarsson, V; Roepstorff, L; Ragnarsson, S; Jansson, A

    2017-09-01

    This study examined the effect of increasing BW ratio (BWR) between rider and horse, in the BWR range common for Icelandic horses (20% to 35%), on heart rate (HR), plasma lactate concentration (Lac), BWR at Lac 4 mmol/l (W4), breathing frequency (BF), rectal temperature (RT) and hematocrit (Hct) in Icelandic horses. In total, eight experienced school-horses were used in an incremental exercise test performed outdoors on an oval riding track and one rider rode all horses. The exercise test consisted of five phases (each 642 m) in tölt, a four-beat symmetrical gait, at a speed of 5.4±0.1 m/s (mean±SD), where BWR between rider (including saddle) and horse started at 20% (BWR20), was increased to 25% (BWR25), 30% (BWR30), and 35% (BWR35) and finally decreased to 20% (BWR20b). Between phases, the horses were stopped (~5.5 min) to add lead weights to specially adjusted saddle bags and a vest on the rider. Heart rate was measured during warm-up, the exercise test and after 5, 15 and 30 min of recovery and blood samples were taken and BF recorded at rest, and at end of each of these aforementioned occasions. Rectal temperature was measured at rest, at end of the exercise test and after a 30-min recovery period. Body size and body condition score (BCS) were registered and a clinical examination performed on the day before the test and for 2 days after. Heart rate and BF increased linearly (P0.05), but negative correlations (Phorses had no clinical remarks on palpation and at walk 1 and 2 days after the test. In conclusion, increasing BWR from 20% to 35% resulted in increased HR, Lac, RT and BF responses in the test group of experienced adult Icelandic riding horses. The horses mainly worked aerobically until BWR reached 22.7%, but considerable individual differences (17.0% to 27.5%) existed that were not linked to horse size, but to back BCS.

  10. A Novel Bifunctional Amino Acid Racemase With Multiple Substrate Specificity, MalY From Lactobacillus sakei LT-13: Genome-Based Identification and Enzymological Characterization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shiro Kato

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available The Lactobacillus sakei strain LK-145 isolated from Moto, a starter of sake, produces potentially large amounts of three D-amino acids, D-Ala, D-Glu, and D-Asp, in a medium containing amylase-digested rice as a carbon source. The comparison of metabolic pathways deduced from the complete genome sequence of strain LK-145 to the type culture strain of Lactobacillus sakei strain LT-13 showed that the L- and D-amino acid metabolic pathways are similar between the two strains. However, a marked difference was observed in the putative cysteine/methionine metabolic pathways of strain LK-145 and LT-13. The cystathionine β-lyase homolog gene malY was annotated only in the genome of strain LT-13. Cystathionine β-lyase is an important enzyme in the cysteine/methionine metabolic pathway that catalyzes the conversion of L-cystathionine into L-homocysteine. In addition to malY, most genome-sequenced strains of L. sakei including LT-13 lacked the homologous genes encoding other putative enzymes in this pathway. Accordingly, the cysteine/methionine metabolic pathway likely does not function well in almost all strains of L. sakei. We succeeded in cloning and expressing the malY gene from strain LT-13 (Ls-malY in the cells of Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3 and characterized the enzymological properties of Ls-MalY. Spectral analysis of purified Ls-MalY showed that Ls-MalY contained a pyridoxal 5′-phosphate (PLP as a cofactor, and this observation agreed well with the prediction based on its primary structure. Ls-MalY showed amino acid racemase activity and cystathionine β-lyase activity. Ls-MalY showed amino acid racemase activities in various amino acids, such as Ala, Arg, Asn, Glu, Gln, His, Leu, Lys, Met, Ser, Thr, Trp, and Val. Mutational analysis revealed that the -amino group of Lys233 in the primary structure of Ls-MalY likely bound to PLP, and Lys233 was an essential residue for Ls-MalY to catalyze both the amino acid racemase and β-lyase reactions. In

  11. ltür ve Sanat Ekonomisi Kapsamında Talep Analizleri Yardımı ile Kültür Politikasına Teorik Yaklaşım: Türkiye Örneği

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Duygu BÜYÜKYAZICI

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Kültür-sanat ekonomisinin bağımsız bir disiplin olarak ortaya çıkmasını sağlayantemel tez, devletin sanatı desteklemesi gerektiği önermesidir. Gösteri sanatı formlarınıniktisadi araçlarla incelenmesi sonucunda ortaya konan maliyet hastalığı argümanı, devletsanatları desteklemezse sanatların yok olacağı öngörüsünü içerir. Söz konusu analizlerdenönce devlet-sanat ilişkisi farklı disiplinlerin gözlem alanında iken, bu değişkenlerin yanınaekonomi teriminin eklenmesi tartışmaları bilimsel zemine çekmiş ve engin incelemeleriberaberinde getirmiştir. Devletin finansal ve kurumsal anlamda sanatı desteklemesi politikayapıcıların nezdinde erdemli mallar varsayımı ile gerçekleşirken, literatürdekitemellendirmeler büyük ölçüde piyasa başarısızlıkları ekseninde olmuş ve maliyet hastalığıargümanı çürütülmüştür. Devletin sanatı destekleme formu ve miktarına yönelik tercihlerkültür politikasının önemli payını oluştururken, söz konusu politikaların edinilmiş başarısıancak talep analizleri ile tartılabilir. Türkiye’nin kültür politikasına hem teorik biryaklaşımda bulunmayı hem de ulaşılmış başarısını araştırmayı amaçlayan buçalışmada, kültür-sanat ekonomisindeki mikroekonomik talep analizlerinden yola çıkarak,talep profilinin kültür politikasındaki önemi vurgulanmakta ve devletin kültür-sanata olandesteği kadar biçiminin öneminin de altı çizilmektedir. Talep analizlerinin gelişmesidoğrultusunda, talebin profiline yönelik farklı kültür politikaları gerekecek, kültür-sanatayönelik çoğunlukla yetersiz veri ve analiz ile tespit edilen destek, üretim vesübvansiyonların içerik ve miktarı farklılaşarak optimal düzeye yakınsanacaktır. Piyasabaşarısızlıklar da kültür politikasının temellendiği teorik faz olarak analize eklenmiş, pozitifdışsallıklar özelinde devletin sanatı desteklemesinin sebepleri

  12. Toxicity and immunogenicity of Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli heat-labile and heat-stable toxoid fusion 3xSTa(A14Q-LT(S63K/R192G/L211A in a murine model.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chengxian Zhang

    Full Text Available Diarrhea is the second leading cause of death to young children. Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC are the most common bacteria causing diarrhea. Adhesins and enterotoxins are the virulence determinants in ETEC diarrhea. Adhesins mediate bacterial attachment and colonization, and enterotoxins including heat-labile (LT and heat-stable type Ib toxin (STa disrupt fluid homeostasis in host cells that leads to fluid hyper-secretion and diarrhea. Thus, adhesins and enterotoxins have been primarily targeted in ETEC vaccine development. A recent study reported toxoid fusions with STa toxoid (STa(P13F fused at the N- or C-terminus, or inside the A subunit of LT(R192G elicited neutralizing antitoxin antibodies, and suggested application of toxoid fusions in ETEC vaccine development (Liu et al., Infect. Immun. 79:4002-4009, 2011. In this study, we generated a different STa toxoid (STa(A14Q and a triple-mutant LT toxoid (LT(S63K/R192G/L211A, tmLT, constructed a toxoid fusion (3xSTa(A14Q-tmLT that carried 3 copies of STa(A14Q for further facilitation of anti-STa immunogenicity, and assessed antigen safety and immunogenicity in a murine model to explore its potential for ETEC vaccine development. Mice immunized with this fusion antigen showed no adverse effects, and developed antitoxin antibodies particularly through the IP route. Anti-LT antibodies were detected and were shown neutralizing against CT in vitro. Anti-STa antibodies were also detected in the immunized mice, and serum from the IP immunized mice neutralized STa toxin in vitro. Data from this study indicated that toxoid fusion 3xSTa(A14Q-tmLT is safe and can induce neutralizing antitoxin antibodies, and provided helpful information for vaccine development against ETEC diarrhea.

  13. Kefir Kültürünün Beyaz Peynir Yapımında Kullanılması Üzerine bir Araştırma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hasan Yaygın

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Beyaz peynir yapımında kullanılacak saf kültürde yer alması gereken mikroorganizmaları saptamak amacı ile bazı çalışmalar yapılmıştır. Araştırıcıların çoğunluğu saf kültürde S. lactis, S. cremoris ve L. casei’ nin bulunması gerektiğini belirtmişlerdir. Bu çalışmada beyaz peynir yapımında saf kültür olarak kefir kültürü kullanılmıştır. Kefir kültüründe söz konusu bakterilerle beraber bazı maya ve bakteriler de bulunmaktadır. Araştırma sonuçları kefir kültürü katılan sütten yapılan beyaz peynirde asitlik gelişiminin istenilen düzeyde olduğu; tat ve aroma ile yapının tüketiciler tarafından beğenildiğini ortaya çıkarmıştır.

  14. Düşey Toplum Kuramı Yaklaşımıyla Japon Çalışma Kültürünü Anlamak

    OpenAIRE

    Aca, Zeynep

    2015-01-01

    Japon çalışma kültürünün temel felsefesini anlayabilmenin yolu, Japon toplumunun kültürel özelliklerini anlayabilmekten geçmektedir. Ancak kültürü oluşturan her bir özellik elbetteki Japon çalışma kültürünü aynı ölçüde etkilememektedir. İşte bu noktadan hareketle, bu çalışmada, Japon çalışma kültürü, Japon çalışma kültürünün temel felsefi belirleyicilerinden biri olduğunu düşündüğümüz ve Nakane tarafından Düşey Toplum Kuramı olarak adlandırılan Japon aile yapısı ekseninde ele alınmaya çalışıl...

  15. Quadruplex genotype analysis at HumTH01, HumTPOX, HumCSF1PO and amelogenin Loci by FoLT-PCR

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Y.H.; Lim, S.K.; Kang, P.W.; Choi, D.H.; Yoon, S.R.; Han, M.S. [National Institute of Scientific Investigation, Seoul (Korea)

    1999-06-01

    A simple and rapid procedure, called FoLT-PCR(Formamide Low Temperature-Polymerase Chain Reaction) was applied to amplifying DNA directly from various forensic biological evidences including human blood, saliva, hair root, or semen without any DNA preparative steps. We added washing step with non-ionic detergent, 1% Triton X-100, and used Taq DNA polymerase instead of Tth DNA polymerase to amplify 3 STR loci and gender allele simultaneously. Optimal concentration of formamide and annealing temperature were determined empirically to 8%(v/v), and 48{sup o} C respectively. We also compared this method with standard PCR. 8 refs., 4 figs.

  16. Fuel Maps for the GEP 6.5LT Engine When Operating on at J/JP-8 Fuel Blends at Ambient and Elevated Temperatures

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-04-01

    system. The new calibrated fuel injection pump and injectors were installed, and the fuel injection timing of the new fuel injection system was set to...Product 6.5L Turbocharged diesel engine at two inlet temperature conditions. The GEP 6.5LT engine represents legacy diesel engine design with...derived cetane number DF-2 Diesel Fuel number 2 ft Foot HEFA Hydro-treated Esters and Fatty Acid(s) HP or hp Horsepower hr Hour in Inch in³ cubic

  17. ltürel Farkındalık Yaratma Açısından Sanat Eleştirisi Öğretimi

    OpenAIRE

    Tuna, Serdar

    2011-01-01

    Bu çalışmanın amacı, özellikle ilk ve ortaöğretim görsel sanatlar dersi içerisinde sanat eleştirisi öğretiminin öğrencilere görsel algı geliştirme, tasarım ilke ve elemanlarını öğrenme ve saptama, sözel ve yazınsal ifadeyi geliştirme gibi yararlarının yanı sıra, sanat yapıtlarında kullanılan imgeler ve simgelerden yararlanarak kendi kültürünün farkına varma ve farklı kültürlerin yaşam tarzlarını öğrenme konusunda da son derece faydalı olacağını ortaya koymaktır. İletişim araçlarının gelişmesi...

  18. PREFACE: Proceedings of the 25th International Conference on Low Temperature Physics (LT25) (Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 6-13 August 2008) Proceedings of the 25th International Conference on Low Temperature Physics (LT25) (Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 6-13 August 2008)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kes, Peter; Jochemsen, Reijer

    2009-04-01

    This issue forms part I of the Proceedings of the 25th International Conference on Low Temperature Physics (LT25) (Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 67-13 August 2008). The majority of the special invited lectures, such as the London prize lectures, the international union of pure and applied physics (IUPAP) young scientist award lectures, the plenary, half-plenary and public lectures, and the historical lectures presented at the LT25 conference, are included. The papers relating to the oral and poster presentations will appear in part II of the proceedings in a dedicated open access issue of Journal of Physics: Conference Series (2009 J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 150). In addition to the organizer's report and a summary of the new developments in low temperature physics, which can also be found in this issue, part II provides useful information about LT25, such as an overview of committees, sponsors, exhibitors, and some conference statistics. To ensure the high publication standard mandated by Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter and Journal of Physics: Conference Series every paper was reviewed by at least one referee before it was accepted for publication. The editors are indebted to many colleagues for invaluable assistance in the preparation and review of 900 papers appearing in both parts I and II of these proceedings. In particular, we would like to thank Carlo Beenakker, Jeroen van den Brink, Hans Brom, Jos de Jongh, Horst Rogalla, Fons de Waele, and Jan Zaanen.

  19. Mardin Süryanilerinde Belleğin Teolojik-Kültürel Çerçevesi / Theological - Cultural Framework of Memory in Mardin Syriacs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tahir Pekasil

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Theological - Cultural Framework of Memory in Mardin Syriacs Abstract In this article, “theological/ritual-cultural framework of memory”, "memory participation tools" "recall figures" will be examined in the case of Mardin Syriac Orthodox Church. "Ritual participation" and "rhythmic repetition" which enables "theological-social inclusion" and "integration", also mobilizes remembering instruments and guarantees protection, revival and transfer of cultural memory. This also ensures continuation of sense of belonging. Priests who are accepted as "vicarious memory" enable participation to memory in church which is a "memory space" mediating to the "transmission of blessing and grace by ritual representation". Priests also by institutionalizing ceremonies and rituals which integrated with music, makes cultural meanings functional. The theme is discussed from the perspective of cultural memory and supported by face to face interviews. Mardin Süryanilerinde Belleğin Teolojik-Kültürel Çerçevesi Öz Bu yazıda, Mardin Süryani Ortodoks Kilisesi örneğinden hareketle “belleğin teolojik/ritüel- kültürel çerçevesi”, “belleğe katılım araçları”, “hatırlama figürleri” ele alınacaktır. “Teolojik ve toplumsal katılımı”, “bütünleşmeyi” sağlayan “ritüel katılım” ve “ritmik tekrar”, hatırlama araçlarını harekete geçirerek kültürel belleğin korunmasını, canlandırılmasını ve aktarılmasını garanti etmekte, aidiyetin devamını sağlamaktadır. Belleğe katılımı sağlayan “vekil hafıza” olarak kabul edilen papazlar, bir “hafıza mekânı” olan kilisede, “inayetin ritüel temsille aktarımına” aracılık yapmakta; “ritüel tasarım” yoluyla müzikle bütünleştirdikleri ayin ve ritüelleri kurumsallaştırarak kültürel anlamlara işlerlik kazandırmaktadırlar. Çalışma konusu, kültürel bellek perspektifinden ele alınmış ve mülakat örnekleri ile desteklenmiştir.

  20. CysLT1 receptor-induced human airway smooth muscle cells proliferation requires ROS generation, EGF receptor transactivation and ERK1/2 phosphorylation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Capra Valérie

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Cysteine-containing leukotrienes (cysteinyl-LTs are pivotal inflammatory mediators that play important roles in the pathophysiology of asthma, allergic rhinitis, and other inflammatory conditions. In particular, cysteinyl-LTs exert a variety of effects with relevance to the aetiology of asthma such as smooth muscle contraction, eosinophil recruitment, increased microvascular permeability, enhanced mucus secretion and decreased mucus transport and, finally, airway smooth muscle cells (ASMC proliferation. We used human ASMC (HASMC to identify the signal transduction pathway(s of the leukotriene D4 (LTD4-induced DNA synthesis. Methods Proliferation of primary HASMC was measured by [3H]thymidine incorporation. Phosphorylation of EGF receptor (EGF-R and ERK1/2 was assessed with a polyclonal anti-EGF-R or anti-phosphoERKl/2 monoclonal antibody. A Ras pull-down assay kit was used to evaluate Ras activation. The production of reactive oxygen species (ROS was estimated by measuring dichlorodihydrofluorescein (DCF oxidation. Results We demonstrate that in HASMC LTD4-stimulated thymidine incorporation and potentiation of EGF-induced mitogenic signaling mostly depends upon EGF-R transactivation through the stimulation of CysLT1-R. Accordingly, we found that LTD4 stimulation was able to trigger the increase of Ras-GTP and, in turn, to activate ERK1/2. We show here that EGF-R transactivation was sensitive to pertussis toxin (PTX and phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K inhibitors and that it occurred independently from Src activity, despite the observation of a strong impairment of LTD4-induced DNA synthesis following Src inhibition. More interestingly, CysLT1-R stimulation increased the production of ROS and N-acetylcysteine (NAC abolished LTD4-induced EGF-R phosphorylation and thymidine incorporation. Conclusion Collectively, our data demonstrate that in HASMC LTD4 stimulation of a Gi/o coupled CysLT1-R triggers the transactivation of the EGF

  1. Starter Kültür Kullanılarak Yapılan Tulum Peynirlerinin Bazı Özellikleri

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zübeyde Öner

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Bu çalışmada, tulum peyniri kalitesi üzerinde starter kültür kullanımının etkileri ve tulum peyniri üretimine uygun starter kültür karışımı araştırılmıştır. Bu amaçla çiğ sütten ve starter kültür olarak Lactobacillus plantarum 1, Lb. plantarum 48, Lactococcus lactis 57, Enterococcus faecalis 40’ın farklı oranlardaki karışımları kullanılarak 3 farklı peynir üretilmiştir. 90 günlük olgunlaşma sonunda toplam kurumadde %57,85-61,09, SH 79,5-94 olgunlaşma katsayısı 51,48-136,32, kurumaddede tuz %4,03-5,26 kurumaddede yağ %54,42-57,29, toplam azot % 2,67-3,43 suda çözünen azot % 1,73-3,64 duyusal değerlendirme sonucu 52-72,81 toplam puan arasında değişmiştir. Mikrobiyolojik analiz sonuçlarına göre 90 günlük olgunlaşma sonunda toplam mezofil aerob bakteri sayısı 7,25-7,97 log kob/g, laktobasil 7,32-7,5 log kob/g, laktokok 7,71-8,15 log kob/g, koliform 1,73-5,02 log kob/g, S. aureus <10-2,35 log kob/g, enterokok 6,71-7,38 log kob/g, psikrofilik mikroorganizma <10 log kob/g, maya ve küf 4,22-5,49 log kob/g arasında değişmiştir.

  2. Fluorescence-based thermal shift data on multidrug regulator AcrR from Salmonella enterica subsp. entrica serovar Typhimurium str. LT2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Babu A. Manjasetty

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The fluorescence-based thermal shift (FTS data presented here include Table S1 and Fig. S1, and are supplemental to our original research article describing detailed structural, FTS, and fluorescence polarization analyses of the Salmonella enterica subsp. entrica serovar Typhimurium str. LT2 multidrug transcriptional regulator AcrR (StAcrR (doi:10.1016/j.jsb.2016.01.008 (Manjasetty et al., 2015 [1]. Table S1 contains chemical formulas, a Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS Registry Number (CAS no., FTS rank (a ligand with the highest rank has the largest difference in the melting temperature (ΔTm, and uses as drug molecules against various pathological conditions of sixteen small-molecule ligands that increase thermal stability of StAcrR. Thermal stability of human enolase 1, a negative control protein, was not affected in the presence of various concentrations of the top six StAcrR binders (Fig. S1.

  3. Fluorescence-based thermal shift data on multidrug regulator AcrR from Salmonella enterica subsp. entrica serovar Typhimurium str. LT2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manjasetty, Babu A; Halavaty, Andrei S; Luan, Chi-Hao; Osipiuk, Jerzy; Mulligan, Rory; Kwon, Keehwan; Anderson, Wayne F; Joachimiak, Andrzej

    2016-06-01

    The fluorescence-based thermal shift (FTS) data presented here include Table S1 and Fig. S1, and are supplemental to our original research article describing detailed structural, FTS, and fluorescence polarization analyses of the Salmonella enterica subsp. entrica serovar Typhimurium str. LT2 multidrug transcriptional regulator AcrR (StAcrR) (doi:10.1016/j.jsb.2016.01.008) (Manjasetty et al., 2015 [1]). Table S1 contains chemical formulas, a Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) Registry Number (CAS no.), FTS rank (a ligand with the highest rank) has the largest difference in the melting temperature (ΔT m), and uses as drug molecules against various pathological conditions of sixteen small-molecule ligands that increase thermal stability of StAcrR. Thermal stability of human enolase 1, a negative control protein, was not affected in the presence of various concentrations of the top six StAcrR binders (Fig. S1).

  4. Diode-pumped passively mode-locked Nd:LuVO4 laser with LT-In0.25Ga0.75As saturable absorber

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Li, T; Zhao, S; Li, Y; Zhuo, Z; Yang, K; Li, G; Li, D; Yu, Z

    2009-01-01

    A diode pumped passively mode-locked Nd:LuVO 4 laser with a low temperature (LT) In 0.25 Ga 0.75 As absorber is realized in this paper. An In 0.25 Ga 0.75 As single-quantum-well absorber, which is grown by use of the metal-organic chemical-vapor deposition technique, acts as nonlinear absorber and output coupler simultaneously. A special cavity is designed to keep the power density on In 0.25 Ga 0.75 As under its damage threshold. Both the Q-switched and continuous-wave (cw) mode locking operation are experimentally realized. An average output power of 5.9 W with pulse width of 4.9 ps is achieved at the pump power of 22 W, corresponding to an optical conversion efficiency of 26.8%

  5. First analysis of AGS0, LT2 and E9 CABRI tests with the new SFR safety code ASTEC-Na

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Perez-Martin, Sara; Bandini, Giacomino; Matuzas, Vaidas; Buck, Michael; Girault, Nathalie

    2015-01-01

    Within the framework of the European JASMIN project, the ASTEC-Na code is being developed for safety analysis of severe accidents in SFR. In the first phase of validation of the ASTEC-Na fuel thermo-mechanical models three in-pile tests conducted in the CABRI experimental reactor have been selected to be analysed. We present here the preliminary results of the simulation of two Transient Over Power tests and one power ramp test (AGS0, LT2 and E9, respectively) where no pin failure occurred during the transient. We present the comparison of ASTEC-Na results against experimental data and other safety code results for the initial steady state conditions prior to the transient onset as well as for the fuel pin behaviour during the transients. (author)

  6. UV induction of the LT-Toxin operon with respect to the genes lexA, recA, and umuD

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tiganova, I.G.; Rusina, O.Yu.; Andreeva, I.V.; Brukhanskii, G.V.; Skavronskaya, A.G.

    1994-01-01

    UV induction of the elt operon (the LT-toxin operon in Escherichia coli) was demonstrated in experiments using fusion of elt::lac operons with the help of Mud1(Ap lac) phage. UV induction of the elt operon is lexA-dependent; thus, the possibility of SOS regulation of this process may be assumed. However, UV induction of the elt operon turned out to be recA-independent, which makes it impossible to consider this induction as a typical SOS response. UV induction of the elt operon is also observed in Salmonella typhimurium, which differs from E. coli in the product of umuD, which suggests that the UV induction of the elt operon is umuD independent

  7. Leukotriene D4 induces chemotaxis in human eosinophilc cell line, EoL-1 cells via CysLT1 receptor activation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shirasaki, Hideaki; Kanaizumi, Etsuko; Himi, Tetsuo

    2017-11-01

    Numerous reports have shown that cysteinyl leukotrienes (CysLTs) contribute to tissue accumulation of eosinophils in allergic airway inflammation. To date, only a few studies have reported that CysLTs promote chemotactic activity of human eosinophils in vitro. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether CysLTs promote chemotaxis in the human eosinophilic cell line, EoL-1. EoL-1 cells were induced to differentiate into mature eosinophil-like cells via incubation with butyric acid and cytokines (IL-3, IL-5 and GM-CSF). The chemotactic activity of the differentiated EoL-1 cells was assessed using the commercial cell migration assay kit. LTD 4 elicited dose-related chemotactic activity in the differntiated EoL-1 cells in the range of 1-100 nM. A typical bell-shaped dose-response curve was observed with optimal activity at 10 nM. The chemotactic activity elicited by LTD 4 (10 nM) was significantly inhibited by montelukast (control, 345 ± 19.2 × 10 3 RFU; LTD 4 10 nM alone, 511 ± 39.2 × 10 3 RFU; LTD 4 10 nM plus montelukast 100 nM, 387 ± 28.2 × 10 3 RFU). LTD 4 induces migration in eosinophilic cells via activation of CysLT1 receptor. The present in vitro model may be useful for elucidation of the mechanism underlying CysLT-induced tissue eosinophilia.

  8. The different requirement of L-T4 therapy in congenital athyreosis compared with adult-acquired hypothyroidism suggests a persisting thyroid hormone resistance at the hypothalamic-pituitary level.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bagattini, Brunella; Cosmo, Caterina Di; Montanelli, Lucia; Piaggi, Paolo; Ciampi, Mariella; Agretti, Patrizia; Marco, Giuseppina De; Vitti, Paolo; Tonacchera, Massimo

    2014-11-01

    Levothyroxine (l-T4) is commonly employed to correct hormone deficiency in children with congenital hypothyroidism (CH) and in adult patients with iatrogenic hypothyroidism. To compare the daily weight-based dosage of the replacement therapy with l-T4 in athyreotic adult patients affected by CH and adult patients with thyroid nodular or cancer diseases treated by total thyroidectomy. A total of 36 adult patients (27 females and nine males) aged 18-29 years were studied; 13 patients (age: 21.5±2.1, group CH) had athyreotic CH treated with l-T4 since the first days of life. The remaining 23 patients (age: 24±2.7, group AH) had hypothyroidism after total thyroidectomy (14 patients previously affected by nodular disease and nine by thyroid carcinoma with clinical and biochemical remission). Patient weight, serum free thyroid hormones, TSH, thyroglobulin (Tg), anti-Tg, and anti-thyroperoxidase antibodies were measured. Required l-T4 dosage was evaluated. At the time of the observations, all patients presented free thyroid hormones within the normal range and TSH between 0.8 and 2 μIU/ml. Patients had undetectable Tg and anti-thyroid antibodies. The daily weight-based dosage of the replacement therapy with l-T4 to reach euthyroidism in patients of group CH was significantly higher than that in those of group AH (2.16±0.36 vs 1.73±0.24 μg/kg, Phypothyroidism, patients of group CH required a daily l-T4 dose/kg higher than group AH patients, despite higher levels of TSH. The different requirement of replacement therapy between adult patients with congenital and those with surgical athyroidism could be explained by a lack of thyroid hormones since fetal life in CH, which could determine a different set point of the hypothalamus-pituitary-thyroid axis. © 2014 European Society of Endocrinology.

  9. Comparison of results of simulation of the CONTEMPT-LT/028 and lAP-3B codes for the analysis of the internal vacuum breaker valves of the CNLV; Comparacion de resultados de simulacion de los codigos CONTEMPT-LT/028 y MAAP-3B para el analisis de las valvulas rompedoras de vacio internas de la CNLV

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ovando C, R.; Cecenas F, M. [Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, Gerencia de Energia Nuclear, Av. Reforma 113 Col. Palmira. 62490, Cuernavaca, Morelos (Mexico); Moya C, M.M. [Comision Federal de Electricidad. Gerencia de Centrales Nucleoelectricas Disciplina de Analisis de Ingenieria. Subgerencia de Ingenieria. Carretera Veracruz-Medellin Km 7.5, Dos Bocas, Veracruz (Mexico)]. e-mail: rovando@iie.org.mx

    2006-07-01

    In the primary container of a BWR type reactor, the humid and dry wells its are communicate by means of valves designed to equal the pressure in case of a significant pressure difference exists, produced by an operative event just as the performance of an emergency system. These valves are known as internal vacuum breakers and its analysis it is made by means of the use of a code with the capacity to analyze the primary contention of the reactor. Among the codes able to carry out this analysis type there is CONTEMPT-LT/028 and MAAP-3B; however, these codes possess characteristic different respect the modeling one of the different damage mitigation systems to the contention (dews, windy, emergency systems), of the transfer of heat among the different compartments of the primary container and in the details of the civil construction. In previous works carried out with the CONTEMPT-LT/028 code, they have been carried out different cases of simulation related with the operation of the internal breaker vacuum valves. These cases include small ruptures in the main steam lines and ruptures in the recirculation knots. It was selected the case more restrictive and it was generated an equivalent scenario file for the MAAP-3B code. In this work the performance of the internal breaker vacuum valves is analyzed by means of the CONTEMPT-LT/028 and MAAP-3B codes, when using the case more restrictive consistent in a small rupture in a main steam line. The analysis of the simulations indicates that both codes produce very similar results and the found differences are explained with base in the models used by each code to obtain the answer of the main thermohydraulic variables. In general terms, MAAP-3B possesses models that adapt in a form more convenient to the prospective phenomenology for this analysis, maintaining a conservative focus. (Author)

  10. ltürel Farklılıkların Yönetiminde İnsan Kaynakları Stratejilerinin Rolü : IKEA Örneği

    OpenAIRE

    Helvacıoğlu, Nuray; Özutku, Hatice

    2010-01-01

    Günümüzde işletmelerin küreselleşme eğilimleri, işgören çeşitliliğinin ve kültürel farklılıkların artmasına neden olmaktadır. İşletmelerin rekabet üstünlüğü elde edebilmeleri için kültürel farklılıkların etkin bir biçimde yönetilmesi gerekmektedir. Bu çalışmanın amacı, kültürel farklılıkların yönetiminde insan kaynakları yönetiminin rolünün belirlenmesidir. Bu kapsamda, kültürel farklılıkların yönetiminde ön plana çıkan İsveç kökeni IKEA firmasını konu alan nitel bir araş...

  11. Tüketim kültüründe etkili bir araç olarak reklamın işlevlerine dair genel bir değerlendirme

    OpenAIRE

    Elmasoğlu, Kamile

    2017-01-01

    Betimsel analiz yönteminin kullanıldığı bu çalışmada, tüketim kültürünün yayılmasında etkili bir araç olarak görülen reklamın rolüne dair genel bir değerlendirme sunmak hedeflenmektedir. Bu hedef dâhilinde, tüketim toplumu, tüketim kültürü ve reklamın tüketim kültürü içindeki işlevleri; çeşitli düşünürlerin görüşlerinden istifade edilerek tartışılmıştır. Tüketim kültürünün hakim olduğu bir toplumda reklama ilişkin çeşitli fikirlerin benimsendiği görülmektedir. Çalışma genel olarak değerlendir...

  12. Intranasal Administration of 2/6-Rotavirus-Like Particles with Mutant Escherichia coli Heat-Labile Toxin (LT-R192G) Induces Antibody-Secreting Cell Responses but Not Protective Immunity in Gnotobiotic Pigs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yuan, Lijuan; Geyer, Annelise; Hodgins, Douglas C.; Fan, Zhiqian; Qian, Yuan; Chang, Kyeong-Ok; Crawford, Sue E.; Parreño, Viviana; Ward, Lucy A.; Estes, Mary K.; Conner, Margaret E.; Saif, Linda J.

    2000-01-01

    We investigated the immunogenicity of recombinant double-layered rotavirus-like particle (2/6-VLPs) vaccines derived from simian SA11 or human (VP6) Wa and bovine RF (VP2) rotavirus strains. The 2/6-VLPs were administered to gnotobiotic pigs intranasally (i.n.) with a mutant Escherichia coli heat-labile toxin, LT-R192G (mLT), as mucosal adjuvant. Pigs were challenged with virulent Wa (P1A[8],G1) human rotavirus at postinoculation day (PID) 21 (two-dose VLP regimen) or 28 (three-dose VLP regimen). In vivo antigen-activated antibody-secreting cells (ASC) (effector B cells) and in vitro antigen-reactivated ASC (derived from memory B cells) from intestinal and systemic lymphoid tissues (duodenum, ileum, mesenteric lymph nodes [MLN], spleen, peripheral blood lymphocytes [PBL], and bone marrow lymphocytes) collected at selected times were quantitated by enzyme-linked immunospot assays. Rotavirus-specific immunoglobulin M (IgM), IgA, and IgG ASC and memory B-cell responses were detected by PID 21 or 28 in intestinal and systemic lymphoid tissues after i.n. inoculation with two or three doses of 2/6-VLPs with or without mLT. Greater mean numbers of virus-specific ASC and memory B cells in all tissues prechallenge were induced in pigs inoculated with two doses of SA11 2/6-VLPs plus mLT compared to SA11 2/6-VLPs without mLT. After challenge, anamnestic IgA and IgG ASC and memory B-cell responses were detected in intestinal lymphoid tissues of all VLP-inoculated groups, but serum virus-neutralizing antibody titers were not significantly enhanced compared to the challenged controls. Pigs inoculated with Wa-RF 2/6-VLPs (with or without mLT) developed higher anamnestic IgA and IgG ASC responses in ileum after challenge compared to pigs inoculated with SA11 2/6-VLPs (with or without mLT). Three doses of SA 11 2/6-VLP plus mLT induced the highest mean numbers of IgG memory B cells in MLN, spleen, and PBL among all groups postchallenge. However, no significant protection against

  13. Türk Sucuklarında Ticari Starter Kültür Kullanımı Üzerine Araştırmalar II. Duyusal ve Mikrobiyolojik Analizler

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Halil Vural

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Bu çalışmada; işletme düzeyinde kontrollü koşullarda Türk sucuğu üretiminde ticari starter kültürlerin kullanımı incelenmiştir. Bu amaçla, starter kültür katılmayan örnek kontrol grubu olarak alınarak, 7 farklı ticari starter kültürle hazırlanan 8 sucuk örneği aynı koşullarda denemeye alınmıştır. Sucuklara üretimin 7 kritik noktasına mezofilik aerobik bakteri, Lactobacillus-Pedicoccus ve patojen olmayan Staphylococcus-Micrococcus sayımı analizleri ile ürün bazında duyusal analizlerle starter kültür katılarak üretilen sucukların kontrol grubuna göre belirgin üstünlük sağladıkları belirlenmiş, kimyasal, mikrobiyolojik ve duyusal analiz bulgularının birlikte değerlendirilmesi; Türk sucuğu özelliklerine en uygun sonuçları Flora Carn SL ve Flora Carn SP starter kültürleri ile yapılan sucukların verdiğini göstermiştir.

  14. Bacillus sp. LT3 improves the survival of gnotobiotic brine shrimp (Artemia franciscana) larvae challenged with Vibrio campbellii by enhancing the innate immune response and by decreasing the activity of shrimp-associated vibrios.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niu, Yufeng; Defoirdt, Tom; Baruah, Kartik; Van de Wiele, Tom; Dong, Shuanglin; Bossier, Peter

    2014-10-10

    Bacteria belonging to the genus Bacillus are amongst the most intensively studied group of bacteria for use as probiotics in aquaculture. However, the exact mechanism of action of these bacteria is often not well described, and the microbiota that are naturally present in cultures of test organisms often compromise the interpretation of the results. The present study aimed to evaluate the putative probiotic effect of Bacillus sp. LT3 in a model system with gnotobiotic brine shrimp Artemia franciscana larvae. The strain significantly increased the survival of brine shrimp larvae challenged with Vibrio campbellii when administered 6h before the challenge. Under these conditions, LT3 was able to colonize the brine shrimp gastrointestinal tract and to decrease the in vivo pathogen activity as indicated by the bioluminescence of the V. campbellii associated with brine shrimp larvae. In order to investigate the effect of the Bacillus strain on the innate immune system of the brine shrimp larvae, prophenoloxidase and transglutaminase mRNA levels were monitored, while heat shock protein 70 mRNA levels were measured as an indicator of physiological stress. Interestingly, 12h after challenge, the prophenoloxidase mRNA level in the larvae pre-treated with LT3 and challenged with V. campbellii was approximately 8-fold higher than in the other treatments. Further, a decreased mRNA level of transglutaminase gene and heat shock protein 70 gene suggested that pretreatment with LT3 results in less stress and tissue damage in the brine shrimp larvae upon V. campbellii challenge. These results indicated that Bacillus sp. LT3 could improve the survival of brine shrimp larvae when challenged with pathogenic V. campbellii, both by decreasing the in vivo activity of the pathogen and by priming the innate immune response through activating the prophenoloxidase system. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  15. Numerical modelling of the processes in the WWER-1000 containment building during cold leg LOCA using the CONTEMPT-LT/026 code

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kolev, N.I.; Sybotinov, L.S.

    1984-01-01

    The CONTEMPT-LT/026 code has been used to produce numerical results for the processes in a WWER-1000 containment building during cold leg LOCA with break at the reactor vessel. The objective of the analysis is to estimate the maximal loads on the containment in case of LOCA. Available design data for the geometry and for the operational characteristics of the low-pressure ECC system and the sprinkler system have been used. Boundary conditions such as mass flow and enthalpies at the breach are given by a RELAP4/MOD6 computation. Hydrogen explosions in the containment are not considered. It is found that in case of normal functioning of the low-pressure ECC system the maximal pressure is 3,26±0,44 bar. In the case of malfunctioning of the low-pressure ECC system, the predicted maximal pressure is 4±0,44 bar, when: a) only 50% of the heat transfer surface of the heat exchanger is effectively used due to pollution; b) the main pipeline of the sprinkler is broken; c) the pipeline to the heat exchanger is partially broken so that the mass flow through the exchanger is only 50% of the nominal; and d) ECC low-pressure ECC system attains its maximal efficiency within 3 min, the predicted maximal pressure is 4±0,44 bar

  16. Comparison of the identification results of Candida species obtained by BD Phoenix™ and Maldi-TOF (Bruker Microflex LT Biotyper 3.1).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marucco, Andrea P; Minervini, Patricia; Snitman, Gabriela V; Sorge, Adriana; Guelfand, Liliana I; Moral, Laura López

    2018-02-05

    In patients with invasive fungal infections, the accurate and rapid identification of the genus Candida is of utmost importance since antimycotic sensitivity is closely related to the species. The aim of the present study was to compare the identification results of species of the genus Candida obtained by BD Phoenix™ (Becton Dickinson [BD]) and Maldi-TOF MS (Bruker Microflex LT Biotyper 3.1). A total of 192 isolates from the strain collection belonging to the Mycology Network of the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires, Argentina, were analyzed. The observed concordance was 95%. Only 10 strains (5%) were not correctly identified by the BD Phoenix™ system. The average identification time with the Yeast ID panels was 8h 22min. The BD Phoenix™ system proved to be a simple, reliable and effective method for identifying the main species of the genus Candida. Copyright © 2017 Asociación Argentina de Microbiología. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  17. Sıvı Ferment Yöntemiyle Ekmek Üretiminde Laktik Kültür Katkısının Etkisi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adem Elgün

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Bu çalışmada standart ve kaliteli ekmek üretiminde en yaygın olarak kullanılan sponge hamur yöntemiyle üretilen beyaz ekmeğe ve geleneksel ekmek yapım metodu direkt hamur yöntemine alternatif bir yöntem olan Sıvı Ferment Sistemi ile üretilen ekmeklere laktik kültür katkısının etkisi araştırılmıştır. Sıvı ferment sisteminin uygulanması sırasında, fermente (ön hamur 1 günlük yoğurt, yoğurt bakterilerinden Lactobacillus bulgaricus, Streptococcus lactis aşılanması oldukça iyi sonuçlar vermiş olup, üretilen ekmeklerde; yapım süresinde kısalma, ekmek özelliklerinde düzelme ve en önemlisi nötr ekmek tadını muhafaza eden aromatik bir profil elde edilmiştir.

  18. Dielectric and ferroelectric properties of strain-relieved epitaxial lead-free KNN-LT-LS ferroelectric thin films on SrTiO3 substrates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abazari, M.; Akdoǧan, E. K.; Safari, A.

    2008-05-01

    We report the growth of single-phase (K0.44,Na0.52,Li0.04)(Nb0.84,Ta0.10,Sb0.06)O3 thin films on SrRuO3 coated ⟨001⟩ oriented SrTiO3 substrates by using pulsed laser deposition. Films grown at 600°C under low laser fluence exhibit a ⟨001⟩ textured columnar grained nanostructure, which coalesce with increasing deposition temperature, leading to a uniform fully epitaxial highly stoichiometric film at 750°C. However, films deposited at lower temperatures exhibit compositional fluctuations as verified by Rutherford backscattering spectroscopy. The epitaxial films of 400-600nm thickness have a room temperature relative permittivity of ˜750 and a loss tangent of ˜6% at 1kHz. The room temperature remnant polarization of the films is 4μC /cm2, while the saturation polarization is 7.1μC/cm2 at 24kV/cm and the coercive field is ˜7.3kV/cm. The results indicate that approximately 50% of the bulk permittivity and 20% of bulk spontaneous polarization can be retained in submicron epitaxial KNN-LT-LS thin film, respectively. The conductivity of the films remains to be a challenge as evidenced by the high loss tangent, leakage currents, and broad hysteresis loops.

  19. Passively Q-switched mode-locked Nd3+:LuVO4 laser by LT-GaAs saturable absorber

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Li, M; Zhao, S; Li, Y; Yang, K; Li, G; Li, D; An, J; Li, T; Yu, Z

    2009-01-01

    By using LT-GaAs as saturable absorber, we have demonstrated the stable Q-switched and mode-locked (QML) Nd:LuVO 4 laser run in a Z-type folded cavity. Nearly 100% modulation depth of mode locking can be obtained as long as the pump power reaches the oscillation threshold. The repetition rate of the passively Q-switched pulse envelops ranges from 37.5 to 139 kHz as the pump power increased from 1.7 to 8.2 W. The mode-locked pulse inside the Q-switched envelop has an estimated pulse width of about 220 ps and a repetition rate of 111 MHz. Under an incident pump power of 8.2 W, the highest pulse energy of 6 μJ of each Q-switched envelope, and the highest peak power about 2.73 kW of Q-switched mode-locked pulses can be obtained

  20. Çocuk Kitaplarında Mülteciler ve Kültürleşme Stratejileri- Refugees and Acculturation Strategies in Children’s Books

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elif Emine BALTA

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available İnsanın veya insanların sosyal, ekonomik, siyasi veya başka sebeplerden dolayı yaşadıkları yerden farklı bir yere doğru hareket etmesi veya yerleşmesi olarak tanımlanabilen göç, insanın varoluşundan bu yana olan bir hadisedir. Göç, ister ilkel ister günümüzdeki örnekleri gibi karmaşık olsun insanların daha iyiyi arama bulma çabasından kaynaklanmaktadır. Buna rağmen göçe karar verme, göç süreci ve sonrasında yeniye alışma ve uyum sağlama zorluklarla doludur. Çocuğun küresel dünyanın bir parçası olması, toplumsal sorunların farkında olması, farklı insan, yaşayış ve kültürlerin var olabileceğinin bilincinde olması ve önyargılarından arınması için sosyal problemlerin örnekleriyle karşılaşması gerekmektedir. Türk çocuk edebiyatında son birkaç yılda mülteci ve sığınmacı göçleri ile ilgili konuların işlendiği görülmektedir. Bu çocuk kitapları, mültecilerin toplumsal kabul görmeleri noktasında düşünülerek yazılmış, toplumda farkındalık yaratmayı amaçlayan bir anlamda güdümlü eserler olarak karşımıza çıkmaktadır. Çocukların empati yapabilmelerine imkân tanıyacak eserlerin varlığı bu bağlamda sevindiricidir. Bu çalışmada, Umut Sokağı Çocukları, Kömür Karası Çocuk, Kuş Olsam Evime Uçsam, Juju Beni Unutma, Halepli Zeynep adlı kitaplar kültürleşme modeli perspektifinden değerlendirilmiştir. Türk toplumunun, özellikle çocukların vicdanına seslenen bu kitapların ortak noktasının mültecileri anlamak için çaba göstermeye odaklanma olduğu söylenebilir. Mültecilerin göç etme ve Türkiye’ye uyum sağlama süreçlerinde yaşadıkları, duygu ve düşünceleri çocuk bakış açısıyla sunulmuştur. Bununla birlikte Türk halkının mültecilere tavrının ve bu tavrın çocuk ruhuna yansımasının gerçekçi biçimde aktarıldığını söylemek mümkündür.

  1. Higher susceptibility of NOD/LtSz-scid Il2rg−/− NSG mice to xenotransplanted lung cancer cell lines

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kanaji, Nobuhiro; Tadokoro, Akira; Susaki, Kentaro; Yokokura, Saki; Ohmichi, Kiyomi; Haba, Reiji; Watanabe, Naoki; Bandoh, Shuji; Ishii, Tomoya; Dobashi, Hiroaki; Matsunaga, Takuya

    2014-01-01

    No lung cancer xenograft model using non-obese diabetic (NOD)-scid Il2rg −/− mice has been reported. The purpose of this study is to select a suitable mouse strain as a xenogenic host for testing tumorigenicity of lung cancer. We directly compared the susceptibility of four immunodeficient mouse strains, c-nu, C.B-17 scid, NOD-scid, and NOD/LtSz-scid Il2rg −/− (NSG) mice, for tumor formation from xenotransplanted lung cancer cell lines. Various numbers (10 1 –10 5 cells/head) of two lung cancer cell lines, A549 and EBC1, were subcutaneously inoculated and tumor sizes were measured every week up to 12 weeks. When 10 4 EBC1 cells were inoculated, no tumor formation was observed in BALB/c-nu or C.B-17 scid mice. Tumors developed in two of the five NOD-scid mice (40%) and in all the five NSG mice (100%). When 10 3 EBC1 cells were injected, no tumors developed in any strain other than NSG mice, while tumorigenesis was achieved in all the five NSG mice (100%, P=0.0079) within 9 weeks. NSG mice similarly showed higher susceptibility to xenotransplantation of A549 cells. Tumor formation was observed only in NSG mice after inoculation of 10 3 or fewer A549 cells (40% vs 0% in 15 NSG mice compared with others, respectively, P=0.0169). We confirmed that the engrafted tumors originated from inoculated human lung cancer cells by immunohistochemical staining with human cytokeratin and vimentin. NSG mice may be the most suitable strain for testing tumorigenicity of lung cancer, especially if only a few cells are available

  2. CHARACTERIZATION OF THE NEARBY L/T BINARY BROWN DWARF WISE J104915.57–531906.1 AT 2 pc FROM THE SUN

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kniazev, A. Y.; Vaisanen, P.; Potter, S. B.; Crawford, S.; Gulbis, A. A. S.; Mužić, K.; Mehner, A.; Boffin, H. M. J.; Melo, C.; Ivanov, V. D.; Girard, J.; Mawet, D.; Schmidtobreick, L.; Kurtev, R.; Borissova, J.; Huelamo, N.; Minniti, D.; Ishibashi, K.; Beletsky, Y.; Buckley, D. A. H.

    2013-01-01

    WISE J104915.57–531906.1 is a L/T brown dwarf binary located 2 pc from the Sun. The pair contains the closest known brown dwarfs and is the third closest known system, stellar or sub-stellar. We report comprehensive follow-up observations of this newly uncovered system. We have determined the spectral types of both components (L8 ± 1, for the primary, agreeing with the discovery paper; T1.5 ± 2 for the secondary, which was lacking spectroscopic type determination in the discovery paper) and, for the first time, their radial velocities (V rad ∼ 23.1, 19.5 km s –1 ) using optical spectra obtained at the Southern African Large Telescope and other facilities located at the South African Astronomical Observatory (SAAO). The relative radial velocity of the two components is smaller than the range of orbital velocities for theoretically predicted masses, implying that they form a gravitationally bound system. We report resolved near-infrared JHK S photometry from the Infrared Survey Facility telescope at the SAAO which yields colors consistent with the spectroscopically derived spectral types. The available kinematic and photometric information excludes the possibility that the object belongs to any of the known nearby young moving groups or associations. Simultaneous optical polarimetry observations taken at the SAAO 1.9 m give a non-detection with an upper limit of 0.07%. For the given spectral types and absolute magnitudes, 1 Gyr theoretical models predict masses of 0.04-0.05 M ☉ for the primary, and 0.03-0.05 M ☉ for the secondary.

  3. ltürel Miras için Zenginleştirilmiş Gerçeklik Uygulamaları

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erkan Bostancı

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Bu makale bilgisayar grafiği alanının iki ilgi çekici konusu üzerinde yapılan güncel çalışmaların bir incelemesini sunmaktadır. Geniş çalışma alanları olan Zenginleştirilmiş Gerçeklik ve İzleme alanlarında yapılan yeni çalışmalar incelenirken, özellikle de makalede bahsedilen sebeplerden dolayı kültürel miras üzerine yapılan çalışmalar vurgulanmıştır. Belirtilen uygulama türü için birçok kaynağa sahip olan ülkemizde yeni bir çalışma alanı başlamasına yardımcı olmak amacıyla bu iki çalışma alanından birçok yöntem ve örnek uygulama yüzeysel fakat açık bir dille anlatılmıştır. Bu uygulamalarda genel olarak karşılaşılan sorunlar ortaya konulup, olası çözüm önerileri sunulmuştur. Ülkemizde yapılan ilgili çalışmalardan da örnekler verildikten sonra geliştirilen örnek "Masaüstü Tarih" çalışmasıyla da anlatım pekiştirilerek somut bir örnek ortaya konmuştur.

  4. Factors affecting radiation D-values (D₁₀) of an Escherichia coli cocktail and Salmonella Typhimurium LT2 inoculated in fresh produce.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moreira, Rosana G; Puerta-Gomez, Alex F; Kim, Jongsoon; Castell-Perez, M Elena

    2012-04-01

    This study evaluated the effect of produce type, resuspension medium, dose uniformity ratio (DUR), and sample preparation conditions (tissue exposure, MAP, anoxia) on the D₁₀ -value of an Escherichia coli cocktail (BAA-1427, BAA-1428, and BAA-1430) and Salmonella Typhimurium LT2 inoculated on the surfaces of tomato, cantaloupe, romaine lettuce, and baby spinach. Produce at room temperature were irradiated using a 1.35 MeV Van de Graaf electron beam accelerator at 0.2 to 0.9 kGy. The D₁₀-values for E. coli and Salmonella were 0.20 ± 0.01 kGy and 0.14 ± 0.01 kGy, respectively. Bacterial inactivation was not affected by produce type as long as the samples were irradiated in unsealed bags, the bacteria were suspended in broth, and the sample tissue was exposed. Sample location in front of the e-beam source during exposure is crucial. A 20% increase in DUR yielded a 53% change in the D₁₀- values. Variations in sample preparation, microbiological methods and irradiation set-up, result in variable D₁₀-values for different microorganisms on fresh produce. Most irradiation studies disregard the effect of sample handling and processing parameters on the determination of the D₁₀-value of different microorganisms in fresh and fresh-cut produce. This study shows the importance of exposure of sample, resuspension medium, available oxygen, and dose uniformity ratio. D₁₀-values can differ by 35% to 53% based on these factors, leading to considerable under- or over-estimation of the irradiation treatment. Results from this study will help to lay firm groundwork for future studies on D₁₀-values determination for different pathogens on fruits and vegetables. © 2012 Institute of Food Technologists®

  5. Çokkültürlü Eğitim ve Öğretim Yeterliğine İlişkin Teorik Bir Çözümleme

    OpenAIRE

    KILIÇOĞLU, Gökhan

    2015-01-01

    Yirminci yüzyılın yılların başlarından bu yana göç hareketleriyle etnik çeşitliliği artan dünya günümüzde küreselleşmekte ve birçok farklılığı içerisinde barındırır hale gelmektedir. Dolayısıyla küreselleşen dünya, öğretmenlerin farklı kültürel geçmişe sahip olan öğrencilerin geçmişlerini ve deneyimlerini göz önünde bulundurarak çokkültürlü ve evrensel bakış açısına sahip olmalarını gerektirmektedir. Özellikle farklı kültürleri içerisinde barındıran toplumlar, farklılıklara sahip öğrenciler a...

  6. Çokkültürlülük Bağlamında Türkiye’de Çokkültürcü Medya ve TRT Kürdi / Özet: Çokkültürlülük kavramı uzun bir geçmişe sahip olsa da çokkültürcü anlayış ve politikalar anlamında modern sonrası zamana denk gelmektedir. Etnik azınlıklara ve yerlilere yönelik geçmiş politikaların artık etkisini yitirdiği bir dönemde ortaya çıkan çokkültürcülük yaklaşımı, günümüz açısından, alternatif yaklaşımlarla birlikte halen anılmakta ve uygulanmaktadır. Türkiye’de de, 1990’lı yıllarda çeşitli nedenlerle dile getirilen, ancak uygulama açısından 2000’li yıllarda örneklerini gördüğümüz çokkültürcü liberal politikalar, medyaya da yansımıştır. Bu nedenle çalışmada söz konusu çokkültürcü politikaların Türkiye özelinde, medya örneklerine, kamu hizmeti yayıncılık anlayışı çerçevesinde değinilecektir. Bu bağlamda Türkiye’deki ilk çokkültürlü kamu hizmeti yayıncılık örneği olan TRT KÜRDİ’nin açılmasıyla sonuçlanan sürece dikkat çekilecektir. Anahtar kelimeler: Çokkültürlülük, Çokkültürcülük, Türkiye, TRT, KÜRDİ. Multiculturalist Media and TRT Kurdi in Turkey in the Contex of Multiculturalism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Filiz AYDOĞAN BOSCHELE

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Çokkültürlülük kavramı uzun bir geçmişe sahip olsa da çokkültürcü anlayış ve politikalar anlamında modern sonrası zamana denk gelmektedir. Etnik azınlıklara ve yerlilere yönelik geçmiş politikaların artık etkisini yitirdiği bir dönemde ortaya çıkan çokkültürcülük yaklaşımı, günümüz açısından, alternatif yaklaşımlarla birlikte halen anılmakta ve uygulanmaktadır. Türkiye’de de, 1990’lı yıllarda çeşitli nedenlerle dile getirilen, ancak uygulama açısından 2000’li yıllarda örneklerini gördüğümüz çokkültürcü liberal politikalar, medyaya da yansımıştır. Bu nedenle çalışmada söz konusu çokkültürcü politikaların Türkiye özelinde, medya örneklerine, kamu hizmeti yayıncılık anlayışı çerçevesinde değinilecektir. Bu bağlamda Türkiye’deki ilk çokkültürlü kamu hizmeti yayıncılık örneği olan TRT KÜRDİ’nin açılmasıyla sonuçlanan sürece dikkat çekilecektir. / Multiculturalism notion has coincided with postmodern era with respect to multicultural sense and policies in the world, even though the notion itself has a long historical background. Emerged in an era where old policies toward ethnic minorities and natives have become obsolete, multicultural view is still recognized and applied hand in hand with alternative views. As a matter of debate in 1990s, while not put into practice until 2000s in Turkey, multicultural liberal policies have found themselves wide media coverage in recent years. Therefore this study aims to shed a light on the process of launching TRT KURDI as the first multiculturalist broadcasting example in Turkey through investigating media examples from Turkey within the public broadcasting frame.

  7. Çokkültürlülük ve Yurtseverlik Bağlamında Azınlık Öğrencilerinin Tarih Dersleriyle İlgili Algıları

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatih YAZICI

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Bu araştırmada, Türkiye’deki azınlık okullarına devam eden lise öğrencilerinin tarih dersleriyle ilgili görüşlerinin çokkültürlülük ve yurtseverlik bağlamında değerlendirilmesi amaçlanmıştır. Araştırmanın çalışma grubunu kasti örneklem yöntemiyle seçilen, İstanbul’un çeşitli ilçelerindeki azınlık okulunda öğrenim gören 199 öğrenci oluşturmaktadır. Bu çalışma grubundan veri toplamak amacıyla araştırmacılar tarafından geliştirilen Çokkültürlülük Tutum Ölçeği, Yurtseverlik Ölçeği ve tarih derslerini kendi kimlikleri açısından değerlendirmelerini amaçlayan bir anket uygulanmıştır. Verilerin analizinde aritmetik ortalama, standart sapma ve t-testi kullanılmıştır. Araştırmaya katılan öğrencilerin çoğunluğu tarih derslerinde kendi kültürel kimliklerinin yeterince yer bulamadığını, bu kimliklere yer veren bölümlerde ise ötekileştirici bir söylemin kullanıldığını belirtmişlerdir. Tarih dersleri, kültürel farklılığa sahip öğrenciler için bu şekliyle, yurtseverlik duygusu oluşturmanın uzağında kalmaktadır.Anahtar Kelimeler: Tarih Öğretimi, Çokkültürlülük, Yurtseverlik, Çokkültürlü Eğitim, Azınlık Okulları PERCEPTION of MINORITY STUDENTS about HISTORY LESSONS in the CONTEXT of MULTICULTURALISM and PATRIOTISMAbstract: The purpose of this study is to evaluate perceptions of students who attend minority school with respect to history lessons in the context of multiculturalism and patriotism in Turkey. The study group consists of intentionally chosen 199 students attending at different minority schools in Istanbul. Survey method was used in this study. The Multiculturalism Attitude Scale, Patriotism Scale and a questionnaire, developed by the researchers, examining cultural diversity in history lessons were used. In analyzing date, t- test, arithmetic mean and standard deviation were used. The findings of the study indicated

  8. Comparison of results of simulation of the CONTEMPT-LT/028 and lAP-3B codes for the analysis of the internal vacuum breaker valves of the CNLV

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ovando C, R.; Cecenas F, M.; Moya C, M.M.

    2006-01-01

    In the primary container of a BWR type reactor, the humid and dry wells its are communicate by means of valves designed to equal the pressure in case of a significant pressure difference exists, produced by an operative event just as the performance of an emergency system. These valves are known as internal vacuum breakers and its analysis it is made by means of the use of a code with the capacity to analyze the primary contention of the reactor. Among the codes able to carry out this analysis type there is CONTEMPT-LT/028 and MAAP-3B; however, these codes possess characteristic different respect the modeling one of the different damage mitigation systems to the contention (dews, windy, emergency systems), of the transfer of heat among the different compartments of the primary container and in the details of the civil construction. In previous works carried out with the CONTEMPT-LT/028 code, they have been carried out different cases of simulation related with the operation of the internal breaker vacuum valves. These cases include small ruptures in the main steam lines and ruptures in the recirculation knots. It was selected the case more restrictive and it was generated an equivalent scenario file for the MAAP-3B code. In this work the performance of the internal breaker vacuum valves is analyzed by means of the CONTEMPT-LT/028 and MAAP-3B codes, when using the case more restrictive consistent in a small rupture in a main steam line. The analysis of the simulations indicates that both codes produce very similar results and the found differences are explained with base in the models used by each code to obtain the answer of the main thermohydraulic variables. In general terms, MAAP-3B possesses models that adapt in a form more convenient to the prospective phenomenology for this analysis, maintaining a conservative focus. (Author)

  9. Tüketim, Tüketim Toplumu ve Tüketim Kültürü: Karşılaştırmalı Bir Analiz / Consumption, Consumption Society and Consumption Culture: A Comparative Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olkan SENEMOĞLU

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Bu makale, tüketim, tüketim toplumu ve tüketim kültürü kavramlarına odaklanmak¬tadır. Bu kavramların literatürde nasıl tanımlandığına değinerek, karşılaştırmalı bir analizi¬ni sunmayı amaçlamaktadır. Ayrıca bu makalede tüketim olgusu başta olmak üzere, tüketim toplumu ve tüketim kültürünün günümüzde ne ifade ettiğine odaklanılmaktadır. Bu bağlamda ihtiyaçların manipülasyonu tezi, gösteri toplumu kuramı, reklamın bir tüketim propagandası olduğu yönündeki iddia ve tüketimin fazla ürüne sahip olmayla herhangi bir bağlantısının olmadığını ileri süren düşünce ele alınmaktadır. Tüketim olgusunun iktisadi, sosyal ve kültürel olmak üzere çeşitli boyutlarını ele alan literatürün karşılaştırmalı bir analizi üzerine kurulan bu çalışmada, sadece bir şeyler satın almanın insanları tüketici yapmadığına, insanın ihti¬yacına tekabül eden nesneleri tüketmesinin onu tüketiciye dönüştürmediğine değinilmektedir. Tüketim toplumunda, tüketimin artık ihtiyaçtan dolayı gerçekleşmediğine aksine bizzat tüketi¬min kendisinin bir ihtiyaç haline geldiğine odaklanılmaktadır. Böyle olduğu için de insanların artık kültür yaratmadıklarına “tüketim kültürü”nün nesnelerine eklemlenerek kendilerini var ettiklerine dikkat çekilmektedir. Bu doğrultuda genel olarak çağımızın artık tüketim kültürü¬nün hüküm sürdüğü bir çağ olduğu iddia edilmektedir. Bireyin artık tüketimle, kültürüne dair bir ifade biçimi ortaya koymadığı tam tersine artık tüketim nesnesinin kendisinin birey için bir imaj ve mesaj iletimi halini almış olduğu tartışılmaktadır. Bu anlamda tüketim kültürünün, kendi kültürünü her yere sirayet ettirmiş olduğu gösterilmektedir. / This paper centres on the notions of consumption, consumption society and consumption culture. It seeks to present a comparative analysis by addressing

  10. Genetic fusions of a CFA/I/II/IV MEFA (multiepitope fusion antigen) and a toxoid fusion of heat-stable toxin (STa) and heat-labile toxin (LT) of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) retain broad anti-CFA and antitoxin antigenicity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruan, Xiaosai; Sack, David A; Zhang, Weiping

    2015-01-01

    Immunological heterogeneity has long been the major challenge in developing broadly effective vaccines to protect humans and animals against bacterial and viral infections. Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) strains, the leading bacterial cause of diarrhea in humans, express at least 23 immunologically different colonization factor antigens (CFAs) and two distinct enterotoxins [heat-labile toxin (LT) and heat-stable toxin type Ib (STa or hSTa)]. ETEC strains expressing any one or two CFAs and either toxin cause diarrhea, therefore vaccines inducing broad immunity against a majority of CFAs, if not all, and both toxins are expected to be effective against ETEC. In this study, we applied the multiepitope fusion antigen (MEFA) strategy to construct ETEC antigens and examined antigens for broad anti-CFA and antitoxin immunogenicity. CFA MEFA CFA/I/II/IV [CVI 2014, 21(2):243-9], which carried epitopes of seven CFAs [CFA/I, CFA/II (CS1, CS2, CS3), CFA/IV (CS4, CS5, CS6)] expressed by the most prevalent and virulent ETEC strains, was genetically fused to LT-STa toxoid fusion monomer 3xSTaA14Q-dmLT or 3xSTaN12S-dmLT [IAI 2014, 82(5):1823-32] for CFA/I/II/IV-STaA14Q-dmLT and CFA/I/II/IV-STaN12S-dmLT MEFAs. Mice intraperitoneally immunized with either CFA/I/II/IV-STa-toxoid-dmLT MEFA developed antibodies specific to seven CFAs and both toxins, at levels equivalent or comparable to those induced from co-administration of the CFA/I/II/IV MEFA and toxoid fusion 3xSTaN12S-dmLT. Moreover, induced antibodies showed in vitro adherence inhibition activities against ETEC or E. coli strains expressing these seven CFAs and neutralization activities against both toxins. These results indicated CFA/I/II/IV-STa-toxoid-dmLT MEFA or CFA/I/II/IV MEFA combined with 3xSTaN12S-dmLT induced broadly protective anti-CFA and antitoxin immunity, and suggested their potential application in broadly effective ETEC vaccine development. This MEFA strategy may be generally used in multivalent

  11. Genetic fusions of a CFA/I/II/IV MEFA (multiepitope fusion antigen and a toxoid fusion of heat-stable toxin (STa and heat-labile toxin (LT of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC retain broad anti-CFA and antitoxin antigenicity.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaosai Ruan

    Full Text Available Immunological heterogeneity has long been the major challenge in developing broadly effective vaccines to protect humans and animals against bacterial and viral infections. Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC strains, the leading bacterial cause of diarrhea in humans, express at least 23 immunologically different colonization factor antigens (CFAs and two distinct enterotoxins [heat-labile toxin (LT and heat-stable toxin type Ib (STa or hSTa]. ETEC strains expressing any one or two CFAs and either toxin cause diarrhea, therefore vaccines inducing broad immunity against a majority of CFAs, if not all, and both toxins are expected to be effective against ETEC. In this study, we applied the multiepitope fusion antigen (MEFA strategy to construct ETEC antigens and examined antigens for broad anti-CFA and antitoxin immunogenicity. CFA MEFA CFA/I/II/IV [CVI 2014, 21(2:243-9], which carried epitopes of seven CFAs [CFA/I, CFA/II (CS1, CS2, CS3, CFA/IV (CS4, CS5, CS6] expressed by the most prevalent and virulent ETEC strains, was genetically fused to LT-STa toxoid fusion monomer 3xSTaA14Q-dmLT or 3xSTaN12S-dmLT [IAI 2014, 82(5:1823-32] for CFA/I/II/IV-STaA14Q-dmLT and CFA/I/II/IV-STaN12S-dmLT MEFAs. Mice intraperitoneally immunized with either CFA/I/II/IV-STa-toxoid-dmLT MEFA developed antibodies specific to seven CFAs and both toxins, at levels equivalent or comparable to those induced from co-administration of the CFA/I/II/IV MEFA and toxoid fusion 3xSTaN12S-dmLT. Moreover, induced antibodies showed in vitro adherence inhibition activities against ETEC or E. coli strains expressing these seven CFAs and neutralization activities against both toxins. These results indicated CFA/I/II/IV-STa-toxoid-dmLT MEFA or CFA/I/II/IV MEFA combined with 3xSTaN12S-dmLT induced broadly protective anti-CFA and antitoxin immunity, and suggested their potential application in broadly effective ETEC vaccine development. This MEFA strategy may be generally used in

  12. Antalya-Korkuteli Yöresinde Üretilen Kültür Mantarlarının (Agaricus bisporus) Beslenme Durumlarının Belirlenmesi

    OpenAIRE

    SÖNMEZ, Sahriye; ÜRAS, Dilek Saadet; DEMİR, Erbil; ÖZEN, Nil; KILIÇ, Ezgi

    2018-01-01

    ltür mantarcılığı; üretim odalarında sene boyunca üretim yapılabilmesi, diğer tarım kollarındaki gibi ekolojik şartlara bağlılığının olmaması ve uygun koşulların sağlanmasıyla yılda aynı alandan altı defa ürün alınabilmesi nedeniyle çok karlı bir tarımsal faaliyet alanıdır.Türkiye'de mantarcılık faaliyetlerinin yoğun olarak yürütüldüğü Antalya-Korkuteli yöresinde yetiştirilen kültür mantarlarının besin içeriklerinin araştırıldığı bu çalışmada; ilçede faaliyet gösteren 11 farklı işletme...

  13. Esnek ve Rijit Yol Üst Yapılarında Gürültü Seviyelerinin Eş Zamanlı Ölçümü ve Analizi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hakan Yıldırım

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Beton yollar dünyada yaygın olarak kullanılmasına karşın ülkemizde gelişim gösterememiş, bu nedenle de genel olarak bitümlü sıcak karışım asfalt yollar tercih edilmiştir.Bu çalışmada, Türkiye'de yaygın olarak kullanılan bitümlü sıcak karışım asfalt yollar ve henüz yaygınlaşmamış olan beton yollar arasında gürültü seviyeleri yönünden bir karşılaştırma yapılmıştır. Bunun için Afyonkarahisar-Emirdağ arasında inşa edilmiş 2 km'lik beton yol ile bu yolun devamı olan bitümlü sıcak karışım asfalt yol arasındaki geçiş noktası çalışma koridoru olarak kullanılmıştır.Bu koridordaki beton yol ve bitümlü sıcak karışım asfalt yolun kenarlarına, ses girişimlerini en aza indirecek şekilde, ayrı ayrı gürültü ölçüm cihazı ve kamera düzenekleri yerleştirilmiş, yol yapım malzemesine bağlı olarak değişen gürültü seviyeleri eş zamanlı olarak kaydedilmiş, bulunan değerler analiz edilerek kaplama türleri ile gürültü seviyeleri arasındaki ilişki araştırılmıştır. Bu aşamada, kurulan düzenekler arasındaki mesafe trafik yoğunluğunun ve akış hızının değişimini engellemek için mümkün olduğunca kısa tutulmuştur.Yapılan ölçüm ve analizler sonunda beton yolların bitümlü sıcak karışım asfalt yollara göre ortalama gürültü seviyesinin aynı taşıt kompozisyonu ve trafik hacmi için yaklaşık 4 dB(A daha düşük olduğu ortaya konmuş ve ülkemizde de beton yolların gelişim göstermesi gerektiği vurgulanmıştır.

  14. Timing and processes for exhumation of HP/LT rocks of the southern Brooks Range (AK): Insight from combined geochemistry and 40Ar/39Ar thermochronology of white mica

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Brien, T.; Miller, E. L.; Grove, M. J.; Hayden, L. A.

    2015-12-01

    The obduction of an island arc onto the Arctic Alaska continental margin in the Jura-Cretaceous led to southward subduction of continental crust and high-pressure/low-temperature (HP/LT) epidote-blueschist facies metamorphism in the southern Brooks Range (BR). A regionally developed greenschist facies normal-sense shear zone system along the southern margin of the BR suggests that extensional faulting had an influential role in the exhumation of the metamorphic core. To better constrain the exhumation history of the metamorphic core of the BR, samples were collected from a N-S transect through the metamorphic core of the orogen. Electron microprobe (EMP) analyses of white micas reveal that they are composed of phengite (Si > 3.0 pfu) or a combination of phengite + paragonite. Si-content of phengites reveal a southward increase in Si from 3.1 to 3.4 pfu (corresponding to an increase in pressure). Si-contents in higher-P phengites are scattered, reflecting subsequent muscovite growth. The Si trend is matched by a southward increase in the 40Ar/39Ar total gas ages of white micas. Phengite from the north are characterized by younger ages (~115 Ma) and flatter 40Ar/39Ar spectra. Farther south, phengites and paragonites yield older 40Ar/39Ar ages. These samples yield convex, staircase 40Ar/39Ar spectra that initiate ~115-120 Ma and flatten-out ~130-138 Ma. Modeling using MacArgon proposes that an initial cooling of HP/LT metamorphism occurred ~130-138 Ma, recorded in the high-Si phengites and paragonites. Following initial cooling, modeling suggests HP/LT rocks stalled in the greenschist facies field before subsequent exhumation, resulting in the staircase 40Ar/39Ar spectra. Flatter 40Ar/39Ar spectra recorded by the northern samples and modeling of 40Ar/39Ar results from the southern samples suggest that these rocks from metamorphic core of the BR were exhumed to temperatures < 300°C by ~115 Ma.

  15. Türkçenin Yabancı Dil Olarak Öğretimi Ders Kitaplarında Kültür Aktarımı Cultural Transmission Through Teaching Turkish As a Foreign Language Course Books

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatih YILMAZ

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Communication in foreign language teaching is gaining more importance in today’s world. Language students find that learning the vocabulary and grammatical structures of a particular language is not enough to gain proficiency in the language. The close relationship between language and culture reveals the fact that it is impossible to master a language without learning its culture. Therefore, the course books used for teaching a foreign language must improve students’ communication skills by raising their cultural awareness. In this study, culture transfer through course books is analyzed and evaluated within the context of teaching Turkish to foreigners. The Yeni Hitit Yabancılar için Türkçe series, the course books used in the Turkish Studies Department at Jagiellonian University, are evaluated according to the following cultural transfer criteria: a subject area, (b type of text and (c visuality. The evaluation of the Yeni Hitit Yabancılar için Türkçe course book series from the perspective of cultural transmission has revealed that they contain elements that present Turkish culture to students with its different aspects and succeed in transmitting the Turkish culture to students for whom they are intended. Course books that promote communicative and intercultural competence should be chosen to teach Turkish as a foreign language at Polish universities. Günümüzde yabancı dil öğretiminde iletişimin önemi gittikçe artmaktadır. Dil öğrenenler için sadece o dilin kelime ve dilbilgisi yapılarını öğrenmek dil yeterliliği açısından yeterli değildir. Dil ve kültür arasındaki yakın ilişki, bir dile o dilin kültürünü öğrenmeden hâkim olunamayacağı gerçeğini ortaya koymaktadır. Bundan dolayı, yabancı dil öğretimi için kullanılan ders kitapları da kültürel farkındalığı artırarak iletişim becerilerini geliştirmesi beklenmektedir.

  16. Popüler Kültür, Politika ve Din: Prime-Time ya da Selfie Dindarlığı/Popular Culture, Politics and Religion: Prime-Time or Selfie Religiosity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ekmel Geçer

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available Bu Popüler kültürü tanımlaması açısından anlamlı olan prime-time (altın saatler ve selfie (özçekim bağlamında, daha çok Türkiye örneğinde, dinin kitle iletişim mecralarındaki ve politik alandaki görünürlüğünü teorik bir değerlendirme vasıtasıyla ele alan bu çalışma; (a televizyon ekranlarında artan dindarlaşmanın sosyo-politik nedenlerini, (b popüler kültür ve reyting (izlenme oranı öğesi olarak din unsurunun etiğini, (c kamusal alanda sıklıkla kullanılan dini sembol ve söylemin davranışsal boyutunu ve (d “sosyal medya dindarlığı” olarak nitelendirilebilecek mobil iletişimdeki dindarlık biçimlerini analiz etmeyi amaçlamaktadır. Çalışmanın ilk sonuçları ve çözümlemeler, dini sembol ve söylemin, politik arena ve medya (yeni ve geleneksel mecralarında bir gösteri unsuru olarak kullanıldığını ve dinin popüler kültüre ait tüketilen bir öğeye dönüştüğüne işaret etmektedir. / This study, mostly in Turkish context, handling the religious scenes in mass communication and political sphere within the framework of two meaningful popular culture terms (prime-time and selfie, in theoretical terms and through unstructured observations, aims to analyse (a the socio-political reasons of increasing religiosity on television screens, (b the ethics of religious coverage as a popular culture or rating entry, (c the behavioural dimension of religious symbol or discourse that are much-applied in the public sphere and (d the forms of devotedness in mobile technologies which can be called as social media religiosity. The preliminary outcomes and the analysis of the article suggest that religious symbols and discourse have been used as a show-business in political arena and media courses (new and traditional and that religion has changed into a consumption item belonged to popular culture.

  17. Bloqueio do receptor de leucotrieno CysLT1 em pacientes com fenômeno de Raynaud: evidência capilaroscópica do papel do leucotrieno CysLT1 receptor inhibition in patients with Raynaud's phenomenon: capillaroscopic evidence of the role of leukotriene

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Newton Leitão de Azevedo

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar a ação do medicamento inibidor do receptor de leucotrieno CysLT1 (montelucaste nas alterações vasculares das mãos em pacientes com fenômeno de Raynaud. MÉTODOS: Foram selecionadas pacientes com fenômeno de Raynaud secundário à doença inflamatória do tecido conjuntivo, excluindo tabagismo, hipertensão arterial e diabetes mellitus. As pacientes mantiveram a medicação prévia e iniciaram o uso de montelucaste 10 mg/dia por 60 dias. Foi realizada capilaroscopia periungueal dos dedos das mãos antes do uso da medicação e após 30 e 60 dias. A análise estatística foi feita por meio de porcentagem, média, desvio-padrão e teste exato de Fisher, com intervalo de confiança de 95%. RESULTADOS: Foram estudadas cinco pacientes mulheres, brancas, com fenômeno de Raynaud secundário a doenças do tecido conjuntivo, das quais três apresentavam esclerodermia e duas apresentavam doença mista do tecido conjuntivo. A média de idade foi de 42,4 ± 12,4 anos, e a média de tempo de doença foi de 9,6 ± 4,8 anos. As pacientes estavam em uso de até 20 mg/dia de prednisona (pacientes com doença mista do tecido conjuntivo, nifedipina, pentoxifilina. As medicações foram mantidas. Após o uso de inibidor de receptor de leucotrieno por dois meses, o controle com capilaroscopia ungueal demonstrou diminuição do edema e da palidez e normalização do número, tamanho e distribuição dos capilares. CONCLUSÃO: O uso do montelucaste modificou as alterações capilares observadas na capilaroscopia periungueal de pacientes com fenômeno de RaynaudOBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of the leukotriene receptor inhibitor (montelukast on vascular alterations in fingers of patients with Raynaud's phenomenon. METHODS: Patients with Raynaud's phenomenon of the hands secondary to inflammatory connective tissue disease were selected, and those with the following characteristics were excluded: smokers, arterial hypertension, and diabetes

  18. Türk Millî Arşiv Belgelerinde Millî Kültür Ve Türkler National Culture And Turks In The Documents Of Turkish National Archives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hüseyin DOĞRAMACIOĞLU

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available There are some documents about the Turkish national culture and literature in archives. These documents stored in archives and there has not been a comprehensive study on it. These documents are written in the Ottoman language and aren’t translated into modern languages, including Turkish language so far. This archive documents about culture and literature were published in the newspaper of Hâkimiyet-i Milliye (National Sovereignty. Turkish history was researched in different articles and the people were informed about Turkish culture when war years also by some researchers. All these studies have resulted in success. And Turkish people who filled with national spirit had won victories constantly. However, there has not been much research on this newspaper so far because of it was published with the Ottoman language. In this work, I want to give introductory information on these documents and would like to draw attention to this archive documentation.Documents related to the Turkish culture and literature of the Ottoman archives are also available. These documents are regularly published in the newspaper of Hakimiyet-i Milliye. Several pictures, stories and literary articles are those documents. Copies of the newspaper of the Turkish culture and literature are important aspects of research. In this article, the paper analyzed some of the literary and cultural articles. Türk millî kültür ve edebiyatı hakkında devlet arşivlerinde bazıbelgeler vardır. Bu belgeler üzerinde bugüne kadar kapsamlı bir çalışmaolmamıştır. Bu belgeler Osmanlı harfleriyle yazılmış ancak günümüzekadar Latin harfli Türkçe de dâhil olmak üzere hiçbir dileaktarılmamıştır. Türk kültürü ve edebiyatı ile ilgili olan bu arşivbelgeleri Hâkimiyet-i Milliye adlı gazetede yayınlanmıştır. Gazetede MillîMücadele yıllarında savaş haberlerinin yanında Türk tarihi ile ilgiliaraştırmalar bazı yazarlar tarafından farklı makalelerde

  19. ltüre alınan salep orkidelerinde yabancı otlarla mücadelede kimyasal ve mekanik yöntemlerin etkinliğinin belirlenmesi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yrd.Doç.Dr. Salih PARLAK

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Ülkemizde 30’u endemik 170 takson ile temsil edilen salep orkideleri bitki çeşitliliği içerisinde genetik zenginliğimizin önemli bir parçası olması yanı sıra ekonomik ve ticari değeri olan türleri de barındırmaktadır. “Nesli Tehlike Altında Olan Yabani Hayvan ve Bitki Türlerinin Uluslararası Ticaretine İlişkin Sözleşme" (CITIES” kapsamında oldukları halde salep elde etmek üzere her yıl doğadan milyonlarca adet sökülmektedir. Elde edilen salep başta dondurma endüstrisi olmak üzere gıda sektöründe kullanılmaktadır. Ekonomik değeri yüksek bir ürün olmasına rağmen kültüre alma çalışmaları halen devam etmektedir. Yabancı ot kontrolü, kültüre alma çalışmaları sırasında karşılaşılan ve maliyetleri önemli ölçüde arttıran bir etmen olarak karşımıza çıkmaktadır. Bu çalışmada hem mekanik hem de kimyasal mücadele olanakları araştırılmış ve kültür yetiştiriciliğinde ucuz ve etkili bir yöntem tespit edilmeye çalışılmıştır. İzmir’in Menemen ilçesi tarla şartlarında 2010 yılında gerçekleştirilen çalışmada farklı etken maddelere sahip herbisitler kullanılarak kimyasal mücadelenin etkinliği belirlenmeye çalışılmıştır. Bu maksatla 2010 yılı eylül ayının 3. haftasında yapılan yumru ekimlerinden sonra çıkış öncesi önerilen dozda Lenacil (Adol, Bentazon (Basagran, Acetochlor (Cengaver, Aclonifen (Challenge, Pendimethalin (Herbimat, Trifluralin (Treflan ve kontrol olmak üzere yedi işlem üç tekerrürlü olarak uygulanmıştır. Uygulamadan sonra kullanılan etken maddeler kontrole göre metrekaredeki yabancı ot sayısında; Lenacil etkisiz, Bentazon % 54, Trifluralin % 71, Acetochlor % 95, Aclonifen % 97, Pendimethalin % 93 oranında azalttığı belirlenmiştir. Bununla birlikte Trifluralin, Acetochlor ve Aclonifen’in salep bitkilerinin gelişmesini de olumsuz etkilediği gözlenmiş, hem yabancı ot kontrolü, hemde salep

  20. Duygusal Zeka Din Öğretimi; Din Kültürü ve Ahlak Bilgisi Dersi ve Duygusal Zeka Gelişim İlişkisi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Remziye Ege

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Duygusal zeka, bireyin, kendi duygularını anlaması, başkalarıın duygularına empati  beslemesi, duygu yönetimi, motivasyon ve duygularını yaşamı zenginleştirecek biçimde düzenleyebilme yetisi olarak tanımlanmaktadır. Din öğretimi yoluyla duygusal zeka becerilerinin ve yerisinin elde edileceği ve geliştirileceği düşünülmektedir. Bu makalede İlköğretim Din Kültürü ve Ahlak Bilgisi Dersinin muhtevasından hareketle duygusal zeka gelişimi ile din öğretimi arasındaki paralel ilişkiye dikkat çekmek hedeflenmiştir. Söz konusu ilişki, din öğretiminin inanç, ibadet, dua, ahlak öğretim alanlarındaki konulardan örnekler üzerinde belirtilmiştir. Duygusal zeka, bireyin, kendi duygularını anlaması, başkalannın duygulanna empati beslemesi, duygu yönetimi, motivasyon ve duygularını yaşamı zenginleştirecek biçimde düzenleyebilme yetisi olarak tanımlanmaktadır. Din öğretimi yoluyla duygusal zeka becerilerinin ve yerisinin elde edileceği ve geliştirileceği düşünülmektedir. Bu makalede İlköğretim Din Kültürü ve Ahlak Bilgisi Dersinin muhtevasından hareketle duygusal zeka gelişimi ile din öğretimi arasındaki paralel ilişkiye dikkat çekmek hedeflenmiştir. Söz konusu ilişki, din öğretiminin inanç, ibadet, dua, ahlak öğretim alanlarındaki konulardan örnekler üzerinde belirtilmiştir

  1. Attenuated Escherichia coli strains expressing the colonization factor antigen I (CFA/I) and a detoxified heat-labile enterotoxin (LThK63) enhance clearance of ETEC from the lungs of mice and protect mice from intestinal ETEC colonization and LT-induced fluid accumulation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Byrd, Wyatt; Boedeker, Edgar C

    2013-03-15

    Although enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) infections are important causes of infantile and traveler's diarrhea there is no licensed vaccine available for those at-risk. Our goal is to develop a safe, live attenuated ETEC vaccine. We used an attenuated E. coli strain (O157:H7, Δ-intimin, Stx1-neg, Stx2-neg) as a vector (ZCR533) to prepare two vaccine strains, one strain expressing colonization factor antigen I (ZCR533-CFA/I) and one strain expressing CFA/I and a detoxified heat-labile enterotoxin (ZCR533-CFA/I+LThK63) to deliver ETEC antigens to mucosal sites in BALB/c mice. Following intranasal and intragastric immunization with the vaccine strains, serum IgG and IgA antibodies were measured to the CFA/I antigen, however, only serum IgG antibodies were detected to the heat-labile enterotoxin. Intranasal administration of the vaccine strains induced respiratory and intestinal antibody responses to the CFA/I and LT antigens, while intragastric administration induced only intestinal antibody responses with no respiratory antibodies detected to the CFA/I and LT antigens. Mice immunized intranasally with the vaccine strains showed enhanced clearance of wild-type (wt) ETEC bacteria from the lungs. Mice immunized intranasally and intragastrically with the vaccine strains were protected from intestinal colonization following oral challenge with ETEC wt bacteria. Mice immunized intragastrically with the ZCR533-CFA/I+LThK63 vaccine strain had less fluid accumulate in their intestine following challenge with ETEC wt bacteria or with purified LT as compared to the sham mice indicating that the immunized mice were protected from LT-induced intestinal fluid accumulation. Thus, mice intragastrically immunized with the ZCR533-CFA/I+LThK63 vaccine strain were able to effectively neutralize the activity of the LT enterotoxin. However, no difference in intestinal fluid accumulation was detected in the mice immunized intranasally with the vaccine strain as compared to the sham

  2. Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli Adhesin-Toxoid Multiepitope Fusion Antigen CFA/I/II/IV-3xSTaN12S-mnLTG192G/L211A-Derived Antibodies Inhibit Adherence of Seven Adhesins, Neutralize Enterotoxicity of LT and STa Toxins, and Protect Piglets against Diarrhea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nandre, Rahul; Ruan, Xiaosai; Lu, Ti; Duan, Qiangde; Sack, David; Zhang, Weiping

    2018-03-01

    Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) strains are a leading cause of children's diarrhea and travelers' diarrhea. Vaccines inducing antibodies to broadly inhibit bacterial adherence and to neutralize toxin enterotoxicity are expected to be effective against ETEC-associated diarrhea. 6×His-tagged adhesin-toxoid fusion proteins were shown to induce neutralizing antibodies to several adhesins and LT and STa toxins (X. Ruan, D. A. Sack, W. Zhang, PLoS One 10:e0121623, 2015, https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0121623). However, antibodies derived from His-tagged CFA/I/II/IV-2xSTa A14Q -dmLT or CFA/I/II/IV-2xSTa N12S -dmLT protein were less effective in neutralizing STa enterotoxicity and were not evaluated in vivo for efficacy against ETEC diarrhea. Additionally, His-tagged proteins are considered less desirable for human vaccines. In this study, we produced a tagless adhesin-toxoid MEFA (multiepitope fusion antigen) protein, enhanced anti-STa immunogenicity by including a third copy of STa toxoid STa N12S , and examined antigen immunogenicity in a murine model. Moreover, we immunized pregnant pigs with the tagless adhesin-toxoid MEFA protein and evaluated passive antibody protection against STa + or LT + ETEC infection in a pig challenge model. Results showed that tagless adhesin-toxoid MEFA CFA/I/II/IV-3xSTa N12S -mnLT R192G/L211A induced broad antiadhesin and antitoxin antibody responses in the intraperitoneally immunized mice and the intramuscularly immunized pigs. Mouse and pig serum antibodies significantly inhibited adherence of seven colonization factor antigen (CFA) adhesins (CFA/I and CS1 to CS6) and effectively neutralized both toxins. More importantly, suckling piglets born to the immunized mothers acquired antibodies and were protected against STa + ETEC and LT + ETEC diarrhea. These results indicated that tagless CFA/I/II/IV-3xSTa N12S -mnLT R192G/L211A induced broadly protective antiadhesin and antitoxin antibodies and demonstrate that this adhesin

  3. Several classical mouse inbred strains, including DBA/2, NOD/Lt, FVB/N, and SJL/J, carry a putative loss-of-function allele of Gpr84.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perez, Carlos J; Dumas, Aline; Vallières, Luc; Guénet, Jean-Louis; Benavides, Fernando

    2013-01-01

    G protein-coupled receptor 84 (GPR84) is a 7-transmembrane protein expressed on myeloid cells that can bind to medium-chain free fatty acids in vitro. Here, we report the discovery of a 2-bp frameshift deletion in the second exon of the Gpr84 gene in several classical mouse inbred strains. This deletion generates a premature stop codon predicted to result in a truncated protein lacking the transmembrane domains 4-7. We sequenced Gpr84 exon 2 from 58 strains representing different groups in the mouse family tree and found that 14 strains are homozygous for the deletion. Some of these strains are DBA/1J, DBA/2J, FVB/NJ, LG/J, MRL/MpJ, NOD/LtJ, and SJL/J. However, the deletion was not found in any of the wild-derived inbred strains analyzed. Haplotype analysis suggested that the deletion originates from a unique mutation event that occurred more than 100 years ago, preceding the development of the first inbred strain (DBA), from a Mus musculus domesticus source. As GPR84 ostensibly plays a role in the biology of myeloid cells, it could be relevant 1) to consider the existence of this Gpr84 nonsense mutation in several mouse strains when choosing a mouse model to study immune processes and 2) to consider reevaluating data obtained using such strains.

  4. Why is John More Likely to Become Department Chair Than Jennifer?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carnes, Molly; Bartels, Christie M.; Kaatz, Anna; Kolehmainen, Christine

    2015-01-01

    This article reviews some of our research on how gender stereotypes and their accompanying assumptions and expectations can influence the careers of male and female physicians and scientists in a myriad of subtle ways. Although stereotype-based cognitive biases may be invisible and unintentional, they nevertheless shape the experiences of women in academic medicine in ways that frequently constrain their opportunities. We present research on the following: 1) subtle differences in the evaluation of male and female medical students as revealed through text analysis of written evaluations at a critical career juncture, 2) how cultural assumptions about the way men and women should and should not behave influence medical residents' experiences as leaders, and 3) how approaching gender bias among faculty in academic medicine, science, and engineering as a remedial habit can be successful in changing individual behaviors and in improving department climate. PMID:26330674

  5. Returned Diaspora and Political Leadership. The Cases of Postcommunist Latvia and Lithuania / Jennifer Skulte-Ouaiss

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Skulte-Ouaiss, Jennifer

    2006-01-01

    Rahvusliku identiteedi, diasporaa kogemuste ja postkommunistliku poliitika koosmõju on keeruline protsess. Artikkel analüüsib võõrsil elanud leedulaste ja lätlaste naasmist ning asumist juhtivatele poliitilistele positsioonidele kodumaal

  6. Why is John More Likely to Become Department Chair Than Jennifer?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carnes, Molly; Bartels, Christie M; Kaatz, Anna; Kolehmainen, Christine

    2015-01-01

    This article reviews some of our research on how gender stereotypes and their accompanying assumptions and expectations can influence the careers of male and female physicians and scientists in a myriad of subtle ways. Although stereotype-based cognitive biases may be invisible and unintentional, they nevertheless shape the experiences of women in academic medicine in ways that frequently constrain their opportunities. We present research on the following: 1) subtle differences in the evaluation of male and female medical students as revealed through text analysis of written evaluations at a critical career juncture, 2) how cultural assumptions about the way men and women should and should not behave influence medical residents' experiences as leaders, and 3) how approaching gender bias among faculty in academic medicine, science, and engineering as a remedial habit can be successful in changing individual behaviors and in improving department climate.

  7. Profiling and understanding student information behaviour: methodologies and meaning Jennifer Rowley

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jennifer Rowley

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper draws on work conducted under the Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC User Behaviour Monitoring and Evaluation Framework to identify a range of issues associated with research design that can form a platform for enquiry about knowledge creation in the arena of user behaviour. The Framework has developed a multidimensional set of tools for profiling, monitoring and evaluating user behaviour. The Framework has two main approaches: one, a broad-based survey which generates both a qualitative and a quantitative profile of user behaviour, and the other a longitudinal qualitative study of user behaviour that (in addition to providing in-depth insights is the basis for the development of the EIS (Electronic Information Services Diagnostic Toolkit. The strengths and weaknesses of the Framework approach are evaluated. In the context of profiling user behaviour, key methodological concerns relate to: representativeness, sampling and access, the selection of appropriate measures and the interpretation of those measures. Qualitative approaches are used to generate detailed insights. These include detailed narratives, case study analysis and gap analysis. The messages from this qualitative analysis do not lend themselves to simple summarization. One approach that has been employed to capture and interpret these messages is the development of the EIS Diagnostic Toolkit. This toolkit can be used to assess and monitor an institution's progress with embedding EIS into learning processes. Finally, consideration must be given to integration of insights generated through different strands within the Framework.

  8. The transatlantic security rift and its implications for Baltic security / Jennifer Ann Moll

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Moll, Jennifer Ann

    2004-01-01

    Autor vaatleb Euroopa riikide ja Ameerika Ühendriikide seisukohti julgeoleku, ohu hindamise ja sõjaliste jõudude kasutamise küsimustes ning erinevatest vaadetest tingitud julgeolekulõhe tekkimise ja süvenemise põhjuseid. Autor võrdleb Eesti, Läti, Leedu julgeoleku- ja välispoliitilisi eesmärke

  9. Tippdisain Hank Vu'lt Urbana teostuses

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1999-01-01

    Vietnamis sündinud, Ameerika Ühendriikides Kalifornias töötav arhitektiharidusega mööblidisainer Hank Vu teeb lihtsat, funktsionaalset, abstraktselt orgaanilise vormiga mööblit. 6 illustratsiooni

  10. Theory of nuclear magnetic moments - LT-35

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kerman, A. K.

    1952-09-15

    The purpose of these notes is to give an account of some attempts at interpreting the observed values of nuclear magnetic moments. There is no attempt at a complete summary of the field as that would take much more space than is used here. In many cases the arguments are only outlined and references are given for those interested in further details. A discussion of the theory of nuclear magnetic moments necessitates many excursions into the details of the nuclear models because the magnetic moments have a direct bearing on the validity of these models. However the main emphasis here is on those features which tend to explain the magnetic moments and other evidence is not discussed unless it has a direct bearing on the problem. In the first part of the discussion the Shell Model of the nucleus is used, as this model seems to correlate a large body of data relating to the heavier nuclei. Included here are the modifications proposed to explain the fact that the experimental magnetic moments do not fit quantitatively with the exact predictions of the Shell Model. The next sections deal with some of the more drastic modifications introduced to explain the large nuclear quadrupole moments and the effect of these modifications on the magnetic moments. Finally we turn to more detailed investigations of the light nuclei, in particular the - Conjugate nuclei. (author)

  11. Seyahatnamelerde Hadîs Kültürü: İbn Battûta Örneği Hadith Culture in Travelogues: The Case of Ibn Battuta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yunus MACİT

    2012-09-01

    önemin tarihi, coğrafi ve sosyo-kültürel özelliklerini günümüze ulaştırması bakımından önemli işlevlere sahiptirler. Öte yandan, seyahat ya da seyyahlık, İslam kültüründe Müslümanların bilgi ve deneyimlerini genişletmeleri açından iyi bir gelenek olarak benimsenmiştir. Bu yüzden İslam dünyasında meşhur seyyahlar yetişmiştir. Bilindiği gibi Müslüman seyyahların en meşhuru, Şemseddin (1304–1368 olarak da bilinen İbn Battûta’dır. O, Berberi-Faslı Müslüman bir seyyahtır ve gezdiği yerleri seyahatnamesinde anlatmaktadır. İbn Battuta otuz yıllık bir süre içinde, İslam dünyasının pek çok yerini olduğu kadar, Müslüman olmayan yerleri de gezmiş, Kuzey Afrika, Batı Afrika, Güney Avrupa, Doğu Avrupa, Güney Asya, Orta Asya ve Çin’e değin pek çok yeri gezmiştir. Bu gezileriyle, yakın-çağdaşı Morco Polo’nun üç katı yere seyahat ederek onu geçmiştir. Bu yüzden İbn Battuta, tüm zamanların en büyük seyyahı olarak kabul edilir. Dindar bir kişi olarak İbn Battûta, seyahatleri boyunca, gittiği yerlerin dini özelliklerini ve dini grupları öğrenmeye büyük özen göstermiş; din adamları ve dini gruplarla sıkı ilişkiler kurmuş, ayrıca dini otoriteleri ziyaret ederek onlardan bilgiler aktarmıştır. Bunlarla da yetinmeyen İbn Battûta, gezdiği yerler hakkında Hz. Peygamber’den rivayet edilen hadisler var ise onları da zikretmiştir. Bu nedenle onun seyahatnamesi, dönemindeki ortaçağ İslam coğrafyasını, sosyo-kültürel ve ekonomik özelliklerini olduğu kadar, dönemin Müslümanlarının yaşamları, uygarlık düzeyleri ve Hz. Muhammed’in mekânlara, kişilere ve Müslüman yaşamına ilişkin olarak söylediği sözleri anlamamıza da katkılar sağlayacak niteliktedir. Şu halde, İbn Battuta’nın çalışmaları, hadis ve sünnet açısından da önemli bir kaynak durumundadır.

  12. Anabolik Steroidlerin Genotoksik ve Sitotoksik Etkilerinin İnsan Periferal Lenfosit Kültüründe Mikronükleus Test Tekniğiyle Araştırılması

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deniz ALTUN ÇOLAK

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Özet. Spor tarihi boyunca genç yaştaki bir çok sporcunun doping amacıyla anabolik-androjenik steroidleri yoğun olarak kullandığı bilinmektedir. Bu çalışmayla, kullanımı yasaklanmış olsa da yapılan araştırmalarda illegal olarak halen sıkça kullanılmakta olan Nandrolone Decanoate (Deca-durabolin® ve Stanozolol (Winstrol doping maddelerinin olası genotoksik, mutajenik ve sitotoksik etkilerinin insan kan kültüründe in vitro mikronükleus testi ile belirlenmesi amaçlanmıştır. Bu amaçla doping maddelerinin farklı konsantrasyonları (1, 10, 25, 50, 75 ve 100 mM hazırlanmış ve kan kültürüne uygulanmıştır. Genotoksik etki için mikronükleus frekansları, sitotoksik etki için ise Nükleer Bölünme İndeksi (NBİ hesaplanmıştır. Elde edilen veriler, çözücü olarak kullanılan dimetil sülfoksit (DMSO ile hazırlanan negatif kontrol grubuyla ve genotoksik etkisi çok iyi bilinen Etil metansülfonat (EMS ile hazırlanmış pozitif kontrol grubuyla karşılaştırılmıştır. Bu sonuçlara göre; çalışmamızda kullandığımız doping maddelerinden Nandrolone Decanoate özellikle son iki konsantrasyonda (75 ve 100 mM  insan periferal lenfositlerinde mikronükleus frakansını istatistiksel olarak anlamlı (p< 0,05 bir şekilde artırmıştır. Ayrıca NBİ oranlarına bakıldığında da özellikle son iki konsantrasyonda kontrol grubuna göre önemli düşüşler tespit edilmiştir. Bununla birlikte diğer doping maddesi olan Stanozolol ise sadece son konsantrasyonda (100 mM anlamlı artışlara neden olmuşken NBİ değerini etkilememiştir. Tüm elde ettiğimiz sonuçlardan her iki doping maddesinin de yüksek konsantrasyonlarda genotoksik ve sitotoksik etkiler yaratabileceği bu nedenle kullanımlarının tehlikeli olabileceği sonucuna ulaşılmıştır.Anahtar Kelimeler: Genotoksisite, Lenfosit kültürü, Mikronükleus, Nandrolone Decanoate, Stanozolol Abstract. Throughout the sports history

  13. Habits of Reading and Library Use of the Ethnic Minority Children in Multi-cultural Societies Çok Kültürlü Toplumlarda Etnik Azınlık Çocuklarının Okuma ve Kütüphane Kullanma Alışkanlıkları

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bülent Yılmaz

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available In this study, it is examined that habits of reading and library use of the ethnic minority children live in multi-cultural societies in theoretical base. Habits of reading and library use are tools which have important functions incultural adaptation of ethnic minority children. These habits can help the cultural adaptation of the children, especially, by contributing to their language developments and educational achievements. Bu çalışmada, çok kültürlü toplumlarda yaşayan etnik azınlık çocuklarının okuma ve kütüphane kullanma alışkanlıkları kuramsal olarak ele alınmıştır. Okuma ve kütüphane kullanma alışkanlıkları etnik azınlık çocukları için kültürel uyumda önemli işlevlere sahip araçlardır. Bu alışkalıklar, çocuklarda, özellikle, dil gelişimi ve eğitimde başarıya katkıda bulunarak kültürel uyuma yardımcı olurlar.

  14. Mengen Peynirinden Laktik Asit Bakterilerinin İzolasyonu, Moleküler Tanımlanması ve Bazı Starter Kültür Özelliklerinin Belirlenmesi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aylin AKOĞLU

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Çalışmada 50 adet Mengen peyniri örneğinden toplam 117 adet laktik asit bakterisi izole edilmiş ve laktik asit bakteri florası % 44.5 Enterococcus spp., % 29.9 Lactobacillus spp., % 25.6 Lactococcus spp. olarak belirlenmiştir. Elde edilen izolatların asidifikasyon kapasiteleri ile proteolitik aktiviteleri tespit edilmiş, en iyi asidifikasyona ve proteolitik aktiviteye sahip 22 adet suş 16S rDNA dizi analizi ile tanımlanmıştır. Tanımlaması yapılan suşların 15’i (% 63 Enterococcus spp., 5’i (% 21, Lactococcus spp., 1’i (% 4 Lactobacillus spp. ve 1’i (% 4 Weissella spp. olarak belirlenmiştir. 15 adet Enterococcus spp. izolatından; 9’u (% 60 Enterococcus faecium, 4’ü (% 26.7 Enterococcus faecalis ve 2’si (% 13.3 Enterococcus durans olarak; 5 adet Lactococcus spp. izolatından, 3’ü (% 60 Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis, 2’si (% 40 Lactococcus garvieae olarak tanımlanmıştır. Lactobacillus spp. ve Weissella spp. olarak tanımlanan suşların ise sırasıyla Lactobacillus casei ve Weissella viridescens olduğu tespit edilmiştir. Tanımlanan suşlar içerisinden aynı anda hem düşük proteolitik aktivite hem de yüksek asidifikasyon aktivitesi özelliği gösteren bir adet Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis suşu, Enterokoklar arasından bir adet Enterococcus faecalis, bir adet Enterococcus faecium ve iki adet Enterococcus durans suşu en iyi starter kültür özelliklerine sahip suşlar olarak belirlenmiştir.

  15. Konya Kültür ve Tarihi Açısından Anıt Dergisi Anit Journal In Terms Of Culture And History Of Konya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muammer ULUTÜRK

    2013-03-01

    ıkolarak fakat düzensiz aralıklarla yayınlanmış bir arkeoloji, folklor ve tarihdergisidir. Anıt Dergisi; tarih, tarihi coğrafya, vakfiye vesikaları, mimari,ibadethaneler, bibliyografyalar, etnografya, arkeoloji, halkbilim, felsefe,şehir tarihi, Mevlana ve Mesnevi gibi birçok alanı kapsayan yazılarıylaözellikle Konya ve çevresinin tarihine ışık tutması bakımındanincelenmeye değer özelliklere sahiptir. Anıt Dergisi, Mart 1949’dan Mart1964 tarihine kadar düzensiz aralıklarla toplam 31 sayı çıkmıştır. 19.sayısını Temmuz 1950’de çıkaran dergi uzun bir aradan sonra 20.sayısını Nisan 1957’de çıkarabilmiş, Mart 1964’deki son sayısıyla yayınhayatına nokta koymuştur. Dergi, özellikle Konya ve çevresinin kültürelmirasına ciddi katkılar sağlayan yazar ve yazılarla önemli bir boşluğudoldurmuştur. Dernek sadece dergi çıkarmakla kalmamış, tüzüğündebelirtildiği şekilde Konya il merkezindeki taşınmaz maddi kültürvarlıklarımızın onarım işlerini de hayırsever Konyalıların maddi manevidestekleriyle gerçekleştirmiştir. Selimiye ve Kapı Camileri kurşunlarınınelden geçirilmesi, Şems-i Tebrizî, Emir İshak ve Şeyh Aleman türbelerininonarımı, Abdülaziz, Zenburi, Beyhekim ve Tercüman mescitlerininkurtarılması, Sahip Ata manzumesinin cami kısmı çatısı ile avluduvarının onarımı bunlardan birkaçıdır. Günümüz zaviyesindenbakıldığında, tarihsel belge niteliği taşımakta olan derginin içerik vefihristinin, sosyal bilimler sahasında çalışmalar yapanlar için önemlikatkılar sağlayacağına inanıyoruz.

  16. İlişkide Karar Verme Ölçeğinin Türk Kültürüne Uyarlanması / The Turkish Adaptation of Relationship Deciding Scale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cansu Tosun

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The purpose of this study was to assess the validity and reliability of Relationship Deciding Scale (Vennum & Fincham, 2011 for Turkish culture. The sample of the study consisted of 880 students (EFA=439, CFA=441 studying at Karadeniz Technical University. Criterion-related validity, exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were conducted for the validity of RDS while internal consistency, split half and test-retest techniques were performed to examine the reliability of RDS. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA revealed that the scale had two-factor structures. However, two items were removed from the scale because they didn't have appropriate factor loadings. The scale consisting of 10 items explained 58.97% of the total variance. The results of confirmatory factor analysis (CFA indicated that the model was compatible with the data. In the reliability analysis for EFA and CFA samples, Cronbach alpha coefficients were found as .87 and .86 respectively. Internal consistency coefficients of subscales were found as .83 and .80 for “Relationship Confidence”, .82 and .84 for “Directing Relationship”. According to test-retest reliability analysis results, the whole scale’s coefficient was r= .67. In addition, as a result of criterion validity analysis, correlations (r= .33 between Self-Control Scale (Duyan, Gülden & Gelbal, 2012 and Relationship Deciding Scale (RDS were found to be statistically significant. In conclusion, these findings suggest that RDS, which has two-factor structures with 10 items, can be suggested as a valid and reliable instrument in Turkish culture. Öz Bu araştırmanın amacı, Vennum ve Fincham (2011 tarafından geliştirilen İlişkide Karar Verme Ölçeği’nin (Relationship Deciding Scale Türk kültürüne uyarlanması ile ilgili geçerlik ve güvenirlik işlemlerini yapmaktır. Araştırma grubu Karadeniz Teknik Üniversitesi’nde öğrenim gören 880 öğrenciden (AFA=439, DFA=441 olu

  17. Yeşilçam Döneminde Van’ın Sinema Kültürü Van’s Cinema Culture in Yeşilçam Period

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    Arzu ERTAYLAN

    2013-09-01

    aim, importance and scope of the work is defined as well as the limitations and problems faced during the research. In the second part of the work, the advantages and disadvantages of the concepts, ‘descriptive analysis method’ and ‘unstructured interview technique’ that this research is based on are explained. The latter part deals with the cinema culture of Van till 1980s with the help of the topics that are defined. As a conclusion, the data gathered during the reserach is evaluated under the light of the knowledge on Turkish cinema in relation to the social and political situation of Turkey. İletişim ve güzel sanatlar fakültelerinin sayılarındaki artışa bağlı olarak sinema konusunda yapılan teorik çalışmaların sayıca arttığı yadsınamaz bir gerçek haline gelmiştir. Türk sinemasının geçmişi ve bugünü pek çok akademisyen ve sinemasever tarafından mercek altına alınmış, yeni ve eski çok sayıda film, konuları, üslupları, ideolojileri, türleri, yönetmenleri ve filmlerdeki herhangi spesifik bir konunun temsili gibi pek çok açıdan incelenmiş, filmler belli araştırma yöntemlerine dayanarak analiz edilmiş ve sonuçta teorik anlamda ciddi bir külliyat oluşmaya başlamıştır. Bu tür teorik çalışmaların önemine rağmen Türk sineması alanında yapılan saha çalışmalarının sayıca geride kaldığı da aşikardır. Durumun eşitlenmesi gibi bir zorunluluk bulunmasa da, saha çalışmalarının sağlayacağı katkıların da göz ardı edilmemesi gerektiği düşünülmektedir.Belli bir pilot bölgeyi temel alarak elde edilen verilere dayanan saha çalışmalarının, bu bölge özelinde yaşanan sorunlara pratik yanıtlar getirebilme potansiyeli bulunmaktadır. “Yeşilçam Döneminde Van’ın Sinema Kültürü” isimli çalışma da bu açıdan önemli görülmüştür. Elde edilen sonuçların Van ilinde sinemanın gelişimine ilişkin somut bilgiler sağlaması ve başka araştırmacılar için yol g

  18. Umbelliferae Familyasından Bazı Önemli Kültür Türlerinin Isparta Ekolojik Koşullarında Tarımsal ve Teknolojik Özelliklerinin Belirlenmesi

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    Sevil KESKİN

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Anason (Pimpinella anisum L., dereotu (Anethum graveolens L., kimyon (Cuminum cyminum L., kişniş (Coriandrum sativum L., rezene (Foeniculum vulgare Mill. dünyada ve ülkemizde kültürü yapılan çok değerli tıbbi ve aromatik bitkilerdir. Bu araştırmada; anason, kimyon, kişniş, rezene ve dereotu türlerine ait çeşitlerin ve populasyonların Isparta ekolojik koşullarında bazı tarımsal ve teknolojik özelliklerinin belirlenmesi, uçucu yağ, sabit yağ ve petroselinik asit kaynağı olarak değerlendirme olanaklarının araştırılması amaçlanmıştır. Tarla ve laboratuvar araştırmalarından elde edilen sonuçlara göre, en yüksek tohum verimi anasonda “Yeşilova” populasyonundan (47.01 kg/da, dereotunda “Akşehir” populasyonundan (77.75 kg/da, kimyonda “Egebir09” çeşidinden (97.00 kg/da, kişnişte “Erbaa” çeşidinden (82.85 kg/da ve rezenede “Denizli” populasyonundan (63.66 kg/da elde edilmiştir. En yüksek uçucu yağ oranı anasonda “Burdur” populasyonunda (%3.60, dereotunda “Burdur” populasyonunda (%3.73, kimyonda “Türkmen09” çeşidinde (%2.13, kişnişte “Gamze” çeşidinde (%0.47 ve rezenede “Burdur” populasyonunda (%3.13 tespit edilmiştir. En önemli ana uçucu yağ bileşeni anasonda trans-anetol (%95.56-95.88, dereotunda D-karvon (%37.87-67.76, kimyonda a-thujenal (%30.90-42.52, kişnişte linalool (%81.85-88.94 ve rezenede trans-anetol (%79.67-89.13 olarak bulunmuştur. En yüksek sabit yağ oranı anasonda “Burdur” populasyonunda (%30.17, dereotunda “Burdur” populasyonunda (%21.24, kimyonda “Egebir09” çeşidinde (%29.03, kişnişte “Erbaa” çeşidinde (%25.42 ve rezenede “Denizli” populasyonunda (%23.67 belirlenmiştir. En yüksek petroselinik asit oranı ise anasonda “Çardak” populasyonunda (%63.37, dereotunda “Burdur” populasyonunda (%87.28, kimyonda “Türkmen09” çeşidinde (%60.18, kişnişte “Erbaa” çeşidinde (%79.89 ve

  19. Anadolu Kültüründe Nazar ve Nazarlıklar: Safranbolu Örneği /Evil Eye and Amulets in Anatolian Culture: The Case of Safranbolu

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    Durmuş Gür

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Öz Bu araştırma, Anadolu kültüründe yer alan nazar inancı ve bu inancın somut bir yansıması olan nazarlıklarla ilgili günümüze ulaşan bazı örnekleri incelemektedir. Araştırma kapsamında, günümüzde Safranbolu’da bulunan sivil ve dini mimaride, özellikle su yapılarında görülen nazarlık çeşitleri, teknik, tür ve çeşitlilik açısından incelenmiş ve fotoğraflarla belgelenmiştir. Safranbolu’nun Bağlarbaşı, Kıranköy (Atatürk Mahallesi, Gümüş, Hacı Halil, Baba Sultan, Çeşme, Karaali, Çavuş Mahalleleri’ndeki mimari eserlerde bulunan nazarlıklar, araştırma konumuzun kaynağını oluşturmaktadır. Araştırmada önce nazar inancı ile ilgili yaklaşımlar ve bu inancın tarihi kökenleri incelenmiştir. Daha sonra nazara inanan insanların, kötü niyetli insanların bakışlarıyla yaydıkları olumsuz enerjiyi başka alanlara yönlendirebilmek amacıyla kullanmış oldukları nazarlıklar incelenmiştir. Kullanılan nazarlık çeşitleri sınıflandırılarak benzer uygulamalar aynı başlık altında incelenmiştir. Araştırmanın son kısmında ise bu nazarlıkların özelliklerini gösteren bir tablo ile birlikte kullanılan malzeme ve teknikler hakkında bilgi verilmiştir. Ayrıca, araştırma evreninde yer alan nazarlıklara ait bazı fotoğraflar araştırma sonuna eklenmiştir. Abstract This article examines the belief in evil eye in Anatolian culture and its concrete reflection, using amulets to defend oneself against it. The aim of this essay is to investigate and to certificate the types of amulets in civil and religious architecture, especially in water structures, in Safranbolu. In the study, the amulets existing in Baglarbasi, Kirankoy, Gumus, Haci Halil, Baba Sultan, Cesme, Karaali, and Cavus districts of Safranbolu is handled. The first part of the article examines the belief in evil eye and the historical basis of this belief. The second part examines the amulets used by the

  20. Eğitim Fakültelerinde Görev Yapmakta Olan Öğretim Elemanlarının Çokkültürlü Yeterlik Algılarının İncelenmesi Examining Multicultural Competence Perceptions of Education Faculty

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    Alper BAŞBAY

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Multicultural education is a learning and teaching approach thatis based on democratic belief and values. The main assumption is toconstruct the learning and teaching process that encourages culturalpluralism and respects different cultures in a common sense. It isinevitable that teachers who work in the primary and the secondaryschools have to provide multicultural environments for students whohave different cultural backgrounds. In this manner it is required toidentify the Education faculty’s, who train teacher candidates,perceptions about multiculturalism. In the present study Educationfaculties’ perceptions regarding multicultural awareness, multiculturalknowledge and multicultural skill levels and whether these competencylevels show significant differences with respect to various variables wereexamined. 347 faculties (176 female, 171 male from 63 universitiesparticipated in the study. The data of the study was collected by“Perceptions of Multicultural Competence Scale” developed by theresearchers. In order to analyze data multivariate ANOVA (MANOVAwas used. According to the results, it was seen that Education faculties’perceived multicultural competencies were high. As the other result ofthe study, regarding perceived multicultural competencies although nosignificant differences were found in terms of academic position,geographical region, job experience and place lived for most of their livesvariables, two demographic variables namely gender and internationalexperience were found to be statistically significant. Female faculties’cultural awareness and skill levels were higher than male faculty andmulticultural competence perceptions of faculty who has internationalexperience were higher than faculty who does not. Çokkültürlü eğitim, demokratik inanç ve değerler üzerine kurulubir öğrenme ve öğretme yaklaşımıdır. Öğrenme ve öğretme sürecininkültürel çoğulculuğu teşvik edecek ve farklı kültürlere sayg

  1. Determinação da CL90 e TL90 do isolado IBCB66 de Beauveria bassiana (Ascomycetes: Clavicipitaceae para o controle de Rhipicephalus (Boophilus microplus (Acari: Ixodidae Determination of LC 90 and LT 90 of IBCB66 Beauveria bassiana (Ascomycetes: Clavicipitaceae isolate for Rhipicephalus (Boophilus microplus (Acari: Ixodidae control

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    Barci Leila A. G.

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho teve por objetivo avaliar a patogenicidade e a virulência do isolado IBCB66 de Beauveria bassiana para larvas de Rhipicephalus (Boophilus microplus. O isolado IBCB66 foi utilizado como padrão, com a finalidade de determinar a CL50 (Concentração Letal, CL90, TL50 (Tempo Letal e TL90. O isolado IBCB66 foi testado em seis concentrações diferentes (5 × 10(6, 10(7, 5 × 10(7, 10(8, 5 × 10(8 e 10(9 para determinar a porcentagem de mortalidade. A mortalidade total de larvas foi observada 18 dias após o início do teste no grupo tratado com 5 × 10(9 conídios.mL-1. A análise de Probit dos dados consignados apontou a CL50 e CL90 concentrações de 3 × 10(7 e 5 × 10(8 conídios.mL-1 e para TL50 e TL90, foram 10 e 16 dias, respectivamente.The objective of this research was to evaluate the pathogenicity and the virulence of the IBCB66 isolate of Beauveria bassiana on infected larvae of Rhipicephalus (Boophilus microplus. The IBCB66 fungus strain was used as standard isolates of B. bassiana against R. (B. microplus larvae. The larval bioassay tests using the IBCB66 isolate were carried out to determine the (Lethal Concentration LC50, LC90, (Lethal Time LT50 and LT90. The IBCB66 fungus strain was tested at six different concentrations (5 × 10(6, 10(7, 5 × 10(7, 10(8, 5 × 10(8 and 10(9 conidia.mL-1 to determine the percentage of larval mortality. In addition, a Probit analysis was also performed. Total larval mortality was observed eighteen days after the beginning of the test in the group treated with 5 × 10(9 conidia.mL-1. The LC50 and LC90 were 3 × 10(7 and 5 × 10(8 respectively and the LT50 and LT90 were 10 and 16 days.

  2. Okul Müdürlerinin Kültürel Liderlik Rollerinin Öğretmenlerin Örgütsel Bağlılık Düzeyine Etkisi The Effects of School Administrators’ Cultural Leadership Roles on Organizational Commitment Level of Teachers

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    Sinan YÖRÜK

    2012-09-01

    ğretmenlerin okulda bulunmalarını gerektirecek maddi manevi duygunun kendilerinde bulunmasıdır. Kültürel liderlik de okul müdürünün okula öğretmenleri bağlı hale getirecek yeni ve etkileyici eylemlerde bulunmasıdır. Örgütsel kültür kurumun başarılı veya başarısız olmasında önemli bir faktördür. Yöneticilerin kültürel liderlik özelliklerini daha fazla taşımasıyla okulların başarısı da daha fazla olacaktır. Kurumların daha başarılı olabilmesi için iyi eğitilmiş, profesyonel ve kültürel liderlik rollerinin sergileyebilen liderlere ihtiyaç vardır. Bu çalışma okul müdürlerinin kültürel liderlik rollerinin, öğretmenlerin örgütsel bağlılık düzeyi üzerine etkisini incelenmiştir. Ayrıca çalışmada cinsiyet, görev, hizmet yılı, eğitim durumu ve okul türü değişkenlerinin, katılımcıların örgütsel bağlılık düzeyi ve kültürel liderlikle ilgili görüşlerine etkisi incelenmiştir. Örneklem olarak Afyonkarahisar Milli Eğitim Müdürlüğü’ne bağlı ilköğretim ve ortaöğretim kurumlarındaki okul müdürleri, okul müdür yardımcıları ve öğretmenler ele alınmıştır. Ölçeğin birinci bölümünde demografik bilgiler sorulurken, ikinci bölümünde daha önceden güvenirliliği ve geçerliliği test edilen ve 18 maddeden oluşan “Örgütsel Bağlılık Anketi” (Organizational Commitment Questionnaire (Allen & Meyer, 1991; akt. Demirkıran, 2004 kullanılmıştır. Ölçeğin 3. bölümünde ise yine daha önceden güvenirliliği ve geçerliliği test edilen ve 21 maddeden oluşan “Kültürel Liderlik Anketi” (Yıldırım, 2001 yer almaktadır. Araştırma verilerinin analiz edilmesinde t testi, anova ve kanonik korelasyon analiz testi uygulanmıştır. Araştırma sonucunda öğretmenlerin örgütsel bağlılık düzeyinin artırılmasında okul yöneticisinin kültürel liderlik rollerinin etkili olduğu görülmektedir. Bir diğer ifadeyle, kültürel liderlikle örgütsel ba

  3. Benzer Sektörde Faaliyet Gösteren Kurumların Kuruluş Tarihi Sıralamasının Kurum Kültüründe Ortaya Çıkan Yansımaları: Alfred Adler Üzerinden Coca Cola ve Pepsi Kurumları Üzerine Bir Değerlendirme

    OpenAIRE

    KARADOĞAN DORUK, Sevimece; SAVAŞ, Sezgin

    2017-01-01

    Çalışma, kurumların kuruluş sırası ile kurum kültürü oluşumunun bağlantısını Alfred Adler’in kavramsal yaklaşımı üzerinden ele alarak değerlendirmeyi amaçlamaktadır. Bu amaçtan hareketle çalışmanın ilk bölümünde Alfred Adler’in düşünsel pratiği ortaya konulurken, söz konusu araştırmacının özellikle doğum sırası sınıflandırması ve kompleks kavramına odaklanılmaktadır. Aynı doğrultuda ikinci bölümde de kurum kültürünün oluşumu ve bu oluşum sürecinde doğum sırası (kuruluş sırası) ve kompleksler...

  4. Çoruh Havzası Rehabilitasyon Projesi kapsamında Hisar (Oltu) Orman İşletme Şefliğinin amenajman ve silvikültür planlarının değerlendirilmesi

    OpenAIRE

    Narşap, Tuba

    2015-01-01

    Bu araştırma, Çoruh Nehri Havzası Rehabilitasyon Projesi Kapsamında Hisar (Oltu) Orman İşletme Şefliğinin yenilenen Amenajman ve Silvikültür Planlarının değerlendirilmesi amacıyla yapılmıştır. İlk önce Türkiye'deki beş yıllık kalkınma planları ile birlikte ormancılık sektöründeki planlama mantığı araştırılmış, süreç içerisindeki gelişmeler ortaya konulmuştur. Amenajman planları ve silvikültür planlarındaki iş ve işlemler Hisar Orman İşletme Şefliğindeki uygulamalar dikkate alınarak değerlendi...

  5. Kutadgu Bilig ve Divanü Lûgat-it-Türk’e Göre ‘Saç-Sakal’ Kültürü Üzerine About the Culture of Hair-Beard According to Kutadgu Bilig and Divanü Lûgat-it-Türk

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    Adem AYDEMİR

    2012-09-01

    ılında Reşid Rahmeti Arat tarafından yapılmıştır. Divanü Lugati’t Türk’ün tercüme yayını ise 1939/ 1941 yıllarında Besim Atalay tarafından yapılmıştır. Biz bu çalışmada Reşid Rahmeti Arat ve Besim Atalay’ın yayımlarından faydalandık. Kutadgu Bilig ve Divanü Lugati’t-Türk, Türk kültürü açısından çok önemli eserlerdir. Bu sebeple, XI. asır Türk dünyasının dil, edebiyat, kültür ve sosyal durumuyla ilgili zengin ve özgün ilk bilgileri veren Kutadgu Bilig ve Divanü Lugati’t Türk, Türkoloji araştırmalarında her zaman temel kaynak olmuş ve araştırmacılar tarafından çok yönlü olarak ele alınmıştır. Türklük biliminin kurucusu Kâşgarlı Mahmud tarafından Karahanlı Türkçesi döneminde kaleme alınan Divanü Lugati’t Türk, Türk dilinin birçok bakımdan kılavuz eserlerinden birisidir. Bu eser, dilimizin sadece Karahanlı Türkçesi dönemini değil, daha önceki ve sonraki dönemlerini de aydınlatan bir öneme sahiptir. XI. asır Türk dünyasının dil, edebiyat, kültür ve sosyal durumuyla ilgili zengin ve özgün ilk bilgileri veren Kutadgu Bilig ve Divanü Lugati’t Türk, Türkoloji araştırmalarında her zaman temel kaynak olmuş ve araştırmacılar tarafından çok yönlü olarak ele alınmıştır. Fakat saç-sakal kültürü bağlamında ayrıntılı bir şekilde incelenmemiştir. Bu sebeple, bu makale, Türk kültüründe, Kutadgu Bilig ve Divanü Lugati’t Türk’e göre saç-sakal kültürünü incelemektedir. Bu çalışma genel tarama modelinde yapılmıştır. Bu amaçla, önce Dîvânu Lûgati’t-Türk ve Kutadgu Bilig satır satır taranarak çağının saç-sakal kültürünü yansıtan bütün kelime, deyim, atasözü, beyit ve manzum parçalar fişlenmiş; daha sonra elde edilen malzeme, kendi içinde sınıflanıp listelenmiştir.

  6. Karabük Üniversitesi’nin Sosyal Yüzü: KÜTAKSAM (Karabük Üniversitesi Tarih Kültür ve Sanat Araştırmaları Merkezi

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    Kadir Şahin

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Özet:KÜTAKSAM (Karabük Üniversitesi Tarih, Kültür ve Sanat Araştırmaları ve Uygulamaları Merkezi kuruluşunun üzerinden çok kısa bir süre geçmesine rağmen pek çok faaliyette bulundu. Merkezin hedef ve çalışmaları ile ilgili olarak merkez başkanı Prof. Dr. Zeki Tekin’le merkezin misyon ve vizyonu ile ilgili olarak sıcak bir sohbet ortamı yakaladık. Prof. Tekin’le yaptığımız görüşme esnasında, birimin büyük hedeflerle yola çıktığını ve kendisinden beklentilerin üst düzeyde olduğunun bilincinde bir kurumsal duruşla resmi çalışma hayatına giriştiğini gördük. Tabi mülakat akademik ortamda olunca, yaşanan hızlı değişim sürecinden başlayarak, küreselleşme, bilimsel sorumluluklarımızın tarihsel mirasımıza olan katkısı ve toplumsal hafızayı etkileyen sosyal göstergelere kadar çok geniş bir kavramsal çerçeve ortaya çıktı. Merkez, profesyonel bir duruşla ve bilimsel bir kaygıyla kendisinden beklentileri karşılamaya çalışacak. Bunun en önemli ayaklarından biri olan, süreli yayın hayatına da içinde bulunduğumuz bu sayı itibariyle başlamış oldu. İlerleyen süreçte yeni girişimlerle yeni çıktıların konuşulacağı kesin gibi… Abstract:Altohugh KUTAKSAM (Karabük University, Center for History Culture and Art Research has just founded, it has practiced many activities. We have warmly talked with Prof. Dr. Zeki Tekin, the president of center, about mission and vision of research center, and Mr. Tekin explained their aims and expectations. It can be realised that KUTAKSAM has came out with great goals. We believe that the center would satisfy these expectations. The interview occurred in an academic environment and because of this the issues were related to the globalization process, the rapid changes in the World, the scientific responsibilities of intellectuals and the social indicators influence on social memory. The center will try to meet

  7. Farklı Isıl İşlem Görmüş İnek Sütlerinden Kefir Kültürü ve Tanesi ile Üretilen Kefirlerin Nitelikleri ve Dayanıklılığı Üzerine Araştırmalar

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    Ergin Oktar

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Kaynatılmış, pastörize ve sterilize inek sütlerine ayrı ayrı kefir tanesi ve kefir kültürü aşılanarak üretilen kefirlerin depolamanın 1., 6 ve 9. günlerinde fiziksel, kimyasal ve duyusal analizleri yapılmıştır. Kefir örneklerinin depolama süresince pH’ları düşmüş, asitlikleri yükselmiştir. Kefir üretiminde yağ, protein ve laktoz miktarlarında azalma görülmüştür. Depolamada yağ miktarı değişmezken protein ve laktoz miktarında az da olsa azalma görülmüştür. Serbest yağ asitleri gerek üretim gerekse depolama boyunca artış göstermiştir. Tane ile üretilen kefirlerde maya miktarı kültür ile üretilenlere göre daha fazladır. Alkol, asetaldehit ve aseton kefir üretimi sırasında oluşmuş, depolama sırasında artış göstermiştir. Tüm kefir örnekleri depolama süresince duyusal değerlendirmede beğeni kazanmıştır. Kefir kalitesinin; tane ve kültürü aşılama oranına, inkübasyon sıcaklığı ve süresine, katılan sütün bileşim ve uygulanan ısıl işleme bağlı olduğu belirlenmiştir.

  8. Trol ve uzatma ağları ile İzmir körfezinden yakalanan dil (Solea solea balığının yaşama yüzdesi; kültür şartlarına adaptasyonu ve beslenme davranışı.

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    Doç.Dr. Fatih Başaran

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Trol ve uzatma ağları ile İzmir körfezinden yakalanan dil (Solea solea balığının yaşama yüzdesi; kültür şartlarına adaptasyonu ve beslenme davranışı. Bu araştırmada, doğal ortamdan yakalanan dil balığının (Solea solea, kültür şartlarına adaptasyonu ve beslenme davranışı incelenmiştir. Dil balıkları, 2007 Mart-Nisan döneminde, İzmir Körfezi’nden trol ve uzatma ağlarıyla yakalanmıştır. 270 adet dil balığının ön adaptasyonu sırasında, ilk beş gün boyunca, karanlık ortamda antibiyotik (100 ppm fruzolidon ilavesi, 60 dak/gün uygulaması gerçekleştirilmiştir. Kültür şartlarında ilk besleme için, kalamar (Loligo vulgaris, boru kurdu (Diopatra neopolitana, kara midye (Mytilus galloprovincialis, sülünes (Solen marginatus, istiridye (Ostrea edulis, japon şapkası (Patella spp., deniz salyangozu (Monodonta turbinata ve taze sardalya (Sardina pilchardus kullanılmıştır. Dil balıkları 0-2 gün içinde beslenmeye başlamıştır ve boru kurdu, en çok tercih ettikleri tür olmuştur. Bir aylık adaptasyon dönemi sonunda, uzatma ağlarıyla yakalanan dil balıklarının yaşama oranının (%58, trol ile yakalananların yaşama oranından (%29 önemli düzeyde yüksek bulunmuştur (p

  9. Dini ve Kültürel Çoğulculukta Varoluş Mücadelesine Bir Bakış: Malezya Tecrübesi / An Overview towards the Existence Struggle in Religious and Cultural Pluralism: Malaysia Experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saim Kayadibi

    2016-11-01

    Dini ve Kültürel Çoğulculukta Varoluş Mücadelesine Bir Bakış: Malezya Tecrübesi Öz Malezya sosyo-kültürel yapısı itibari ile çok dinli, çok dilli ve çok kültürlü toplumların barış ve huzur içerisinde yaşayabilme özelliğini göstermesinden dolayı birçok ülkeye örnek oluşturabilecek nadide birlikteliklerden biridir. Bu çok kültürlülük, çok dinlilik ve çok dillilik özelliklerini bir zenginlik olarak görüp, birlikte güçlü bir toplum oluşturabilmenin çabası içerisindedir. Birçok sahada, örneğin İslam Ekonomisi ve Bankacılığı, Helal Gıda, modern bir devlette İslam Hukuku kurallarının uygulanabilme özelliğinde öncü rol oynayabilen, hatta merkez ülke olma yarışında ciddi çalışmaları vardır. Tarihi tecrübe açısından Malezya, konum itibariyle ciddi işgallerin merkezi olmuş, birçok sömürge devletinin izlerini atabilmenin, sömürge psikolojisinden kurtulabilmenin, yaralarını sarabilmenin mücadelesini veren bir ülkedir. Geçmişte sömürge ülkelerinden kalan acı hatıraya rağmen Osmanlı devletinden gördüğü kardeş ve dost yardımlar hafızasının derinliklerinde sağlam izler bırakmıştır. Şimdi ise farklı etnik yapısını huzur ve barış içerisinde birlikte götürebilmenin mücadelesini veren ve diğer ülkelere de örnek oluşturabilecek model bir yapıya sahiptir. Bunun yanında Malezya’yı Türkiye ile karşılaştırmaya çalışmak yanlış sonuçlar doğurabilir. Sömürge geçmişi olmayan, gayr-i Müslim nüfusu neredeyse yok denecek kadar az olan Türkiye’nin Malezya ile kıyaslanması düşünülemez. Bu makalemizde çok dinli toplumlarda Müslümanlar incelenirken Malezya örnek olarak alınacak, onların yaşamları, tarihi ve sosyal evreleri, dini hayatın yaşanmasında sorunların olup olmadığı, milli bir bilinç oluşturmak için nasıl bir strateji geliştirildiği, topyekûn bir bakış açısı ile problemlerin neler olduğu ve ne tür

  10. Yağ İçeriği Azaltılmış Beyaz Peynir Üretiminde Isıl İşlem Uygulanan Lactobacillus helveticus ve Lactobacillus bulgaricus Kültürlerinin Kullanımı

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ayşe Gürsoy

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Bu çalışmada, yağ içeriği azaltılmış Beyaz peynir örneklerinde, proteolizi teşvik ederek olgunlaşmayı hızlandırmak ve böylece yapı ve tadı iyileştirmek amacıyla, isti işlem uygulanan L.helveticus ve L. bulgaricus kültürlerinden yararlanılmıştır. Bunun için kurumaddede %20 yağ içerecek şekilde peynir üretimi gerçekleştirilmiş, ayrıca karşılaştırma amacıyla yağlı peynir örneği (kurumaddede %40 yağ de üretilmiştir. Peynirler 7±1 °C'de olgunlaşmaya bırakılarak 0, 7, 15, 30, 60 ve 90. günlerde fiziksel, kimyasal ve duyusal nitelikleri yönünden analiz edilmiştir. Isıl işlem uygulamasıyla yardımcı kültür haline getirilen L.helveticus ve L. bulgaricus kullanımı az yağlı beyaz peynir örneklerinin genel bileşimini etkilememiş olgunlaşmanın hızlandırılmasında da fazla etkili olmamıştır.

  11. Strengthening Social Inclusion in Multicultural Societies Through Information Literacy=Çok Kültürlü Toplumlarda Bilgi Okuryazarlığı Aracılığıyla Sosyal Bütünleşmenin Artırılması

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Esin Sultan Oğuz

    2013-12-01

    needs of foreign residents in Turkey and the level of fulfillment of their information needs will be presented. The findings of the research will also be used to make suggestions for developing information literacy programs which address the specific information needs of culturally and linguistically diverse communities./İçinde yaşadığımız toplum giderek çeşitlenmektedir. Uluslararası göç hareketleri birçok ülkede kültürel çeşitliliği artırmaktadır. Kültürel ve dilsel çeşitliğe sahip toplumlarda bilgi kaynaklarının ve hizmetlerinin sağlanmasında her türden kütüphane adres gösterilmektedir. Uluslararası Kütüphane Dernekleri ve Kuruluşları Federasyonu (IFLA tarafından yayımlanan Çok Kültürlü Kütüphane Bildirisi’ne göre toplumda her bireyin kütüphane ve bilgi hizmetlerine tam ve eksiksiz erişme hakkı vardır. Dezavantajlı gruplar olarak adlandırılan azınlıklar, göçmenler gibi kültürel ve dilsel çeşitliliğe sahip topluluklara bilgi hizmetlerinin sağlanmasında özel önem gösterilmelidir. Halk kütüphaneleri bilginin demokratikleşmesinde sosyal aracı niteliğindeki önemli kurumlar arasındadır. Göçmenlerin sosyal ve kültürel bütünleşme sürecinde sosyal değişimin sağlanacağı yegâne kuruluşlar halk kütüphaneleridir. Ev sahibi ülkenin değerlerinin kavranması, vatandaşlık bilincinin kazandırılması ve yeni bir kültüre uyumun sağlanması aşamasında göçmenleri yeni hayatlarına hazırlarlar. Kütüphaneler kullanıcıların bilgiye erişmesini sağlamanın ötesinde onların toplumsal katılımını artırmak amacıyla bilgi ve becerilerini geliştirecek alanlar yaratırlar. Örgün ve yaygın eğitimde, gündelik yaşamda yaşam boyu öğrenmenmenin kilit noktası olan bilgi okuryazarlığı becerileri göçmenler ve yabancılar tarafından göç ettikleri ülkeye uyum sağlayabilmeleri ve bu uyumu sürdürebilmeleri için geliştirmeleri gereken temel beceriler aras

  12. Sözlü Kültürden Yazılı Kültüre Bir Metin Aktarımı Örneği: Muğla’dan Derlenmiş Bir Efsane ile Kurumuş Ağaçlar Hikâyesinin Mukayeseli İncelemesi An Example Transferring Text From Oral To Written Culture: A Comparative Study of a Legend Compiled from Muğla and the Story of Kurumuş Ağaçlar (The Dried Trees

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sibel TURHAN TUNA

    2013-09-01

    insandan, toplumdan dolayısıyla içinde beslendiği kültürden ayrı düşünülemez. Hatta en soyut eserin bile çıkış noktası kültürün bir parçasıdır. Bu bağlamda kültürel unsurları bünyesinde barındıran edebiyatın sözlü ve yazılı olmak üzere birbirinden üslupça uzak, ama içerikçe birbirine yakın iki kolu vardır, nihayetinde beslenilen kaynak ortaktır, bu ortak kaynak insandır. Tüm bunlardan hareketle bu çalışmanın konusu, biri yazıya geçirilen diğeri de hala sözlü gelenekte yaşatılan iki anlatının metinler arası geçiş bağlamında mukayeseli tahlili olarak belirlenmiştir. Metinlerden biri Ömer Seyfettin’e ait olup 1920’de Ali Canip’in annesinden duyup yazdığını söylediği Kurumuş Ağaçlar adlı hikâyedir. Diğeri ise; Ömer Seyfettin’in hikâyesine olay örgüsü bakımından benzerlik taşıyan, Kasım 2007’de tarafımızdan derlenen ve kaynak kişinin babasından dinlediği tespit edilen bir efsanedir. Çalışmada, doğal olan sözlü anlatımın, dilin ferdî tasavvuru ile yapay olan yazılı anlatıma dönüşürken hangi unsurların ön plana alındığı, muhafaza edildiği, yazarın ve anlatıcının metinler bağlamında tavrı, her iki metinde iletilmek istenen ortak mesaj gibi unsurlar metinler arasılık bağlamında kar��ılaştırmalı tematik yöntemle ele alınmıştır. Nitekim, biri sözlü edebiyata diğeri de yazılı edebiyata ait iki metnin söz konusu yöntem dahililinde ele alınması sonucunda kültürel kodlardan biri olan “Her işte bir hayır vardır” atasözünde birleştiği belirlenmiştir.

  13. Vernuvshajasja diaspora i polititsheskoje liderstvo v slutshaje postkommunistitsheskoi Latvii i Litvõ / Jennifer Skulte-Ouaiss

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Skulte-Ouaiss, Jennifer

    2006-01-01

    Rahvusliku identiteedi, diasporaa kogemuste ja postkommunistliku poliitika koosmõju on keeruline protsess. Artikkel analüüsib võõrsil elanud leedulaste ja lätlaste naasmist ning asumist juhtivatele poliitilistele positsioonidele kodumaal

  14. Stuck in the Out-Group: Jennifer Can't Grow Up, Jane's Invisible, and Janet's Over the Hill

    OpenAIRE

    Kaatz, Anna; Carnes, Molly

    2014-01-01

    Fifty years after Title IX, women remain sparsely represented in high ranks and leadership in academic medicine. Although men and women enter the career pipeline at similar rates, academic medicine does not equivalently advance them. Currently, women account for 32% of associate professors, 20% of full professors, 14% of department chairs, and 11% of deans at U.S. medical schools—far from the near sex parity seen in medical students since the 1990s. Over 30 years of research confirms that gen...

  15. Stuck in the out-group: Jennifer can't grow up, Jane's invisible, and Janet's over the hill.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaatz, Anna; Carnes, Molly

    2014-06-01

    Fifty years after Title IX, women remain sparsely represented in high ranks and leadership in academic medicine. Although men and women enter the career pipeline at similar rates, academic medicine does not equivalently advance them. Currently, women account for 32% of associate professors, 20% of full professors, 14% of department chairs, and 11% of deans at U.S. medical schools--far from the near sex parity seen in medical students since the 1990s. Over 30 years of research confirms that gender stereotypes can operate to disadvantage women in review processes and consequently bar their advancement in domains like science and medicine. The authors present three vignettes to illustrate how gender stereotypes can also operate to disadvantage women in social interactions by positioning them in the "out-group" for many career-advancing opportunities. The authors argue that policies alone will not achieve gender equity in the academic medicine workforce. Addressing stereotype-based gender bias is critical for the future of academic medicine. Interventions that treat gender bias as a remediable habit show promise in promoting gender equity and transforming institutional culture to achieve the full participation of women at all career stages. A critical step is to recognize when gender stereotyped assumptions are influencing judgments and decision making in ourselves and others, challenge them as unjust, and deliberately practice replacing them with accurate and objective data.

  16. Siyasal Reklamlarda Kültürel Unsurların İşlenmesi: AK Parti 2017 Referandum Reklam Filmi Üzerine Göstergebilimsel Bir Çözümleme / Processing Cultural Elements in Political Advertisements: A Semiological Analysis on the AK Party 2017 Referendum Film

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Selfiye ÖZKAN

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Siyasal kampanya sürecinde gerçekleştirilen iletişim faaliyetleri arasında yer alan siyasal reklam, seçmeninin tutum ve davranışlarını etkilemeyi ve seçmeni ikna etmeyi amaçlamaktadır. Siyasal partiler açısından siyasal reklamcılık günümüzde önemli bir yere sahiptir. Siyasal reklamlar farklı içerikler, temalar, görseller ve ses kullanımı ile seçmen kitle üzerinde olumlu etkiler sağlamayı amaçlamaktadır. Siyasal reklamcılık faaliyetlerinin kültürel unsurlarla da yakın ilişki içinde olduğu bilinmektedir. Kültür bir toplumun dilini, inançlarını, değerlerini, mitlerini kapsayan inançlar bütünüdür. Bu nedenle siyasal reklamcılık reklam içerikleri kapsamında kültürel unsurlara yer vermektedir. Bu kapsamda Anayasa Değişikliği Referandum sürecinde televizyonda ve internette yayınlanan Adalet ve Kalkınma Partisi’ne ait “Evet ile Güçlü Türkiye” reklam filminin göstergebilimsel analiz yöntemi ile çözümlenmesi amaçlanmıştır. Söz konusu reklam filminin anlatı yapısı, hedef kitle, kullanılan renk, ses, slogan, anlamlandırma sürecinde temel karşıtlıklar ve gösteren gösterilen ilişkisi bağlamında analiz edilmiştir. / Political advertising which is one of the communication activities performed in the process of political campaigns, aims to influence the attitudes and behaviors of voters and to persuade them. In terms of political parties, political advertising has an important role. Political ads aim to provide a positive impact on electorate with use of different contents, themes, visual and voice. It is known that political advertising activities are closely connected to cultural elements, which comprise a set of beliefs that include language, values and myths of a society. Hence, political advertising includes cultural elements in ad contents. In this study, it is aimed to analyze AK Party’s ad called “Strong Turkey with Yes” published in the process of

  17. ltürel değerlere göre karanlık lider algısının çalışan iş performansı etkisi üzerine bir araştırma

    OpenAIRE

    Kızıldaş, Ezgi

    2017-01-01

    Bu çalışmanın temel amacı, iş motivasyonu, bireysel kültürel değer boyutlarından olan kolektivizm, güç mesafesi ve algılanan karanlık lider davranışlarının iş performansı üzerindeki etkilerini oluşturan bir model çerçevesinde araştırılmasıdır. Ankara’da faaliyet gösteren büyük ve orta ölçekli işletmelerde çalışan 245 kişiden elde edilen veriler ile oluşturulan örneklem üzerinden bir araştırma yapılmıştır. Araştırmada elde edilen veriler SPSS programı kullanılarak yapılmıştır. Elde edilen bulg...

  18. Yağ İçeriği Azaltılmış Beyaz Peynir Üretiminde Isıl İşlem Uygulanan Lactobacillus helveticus ve Lactobacillus bulgaricus Kültürlerinin Kullanımı

    OpenAIRE

    Gürsoy, Ayşe; Şenel, Ebru; Gürsel, Asuman; Deveci, Organ; Karademir, Ebru; Yaman, Şenay

    2001-01-01

    Bu çalışmada, yağ içeriği azaltılmış Beyaz peynir örneklerinde, proteolizi teşvik ederek olgunlaşmayı hızlandırmak ve böylece yapı ve tadı iyileştirmek amacıyla, isti işlem uygulanan L.helveticus ve L. bulgaricus kültürlerinden yararlanılmıştır. Bunun için kurumaddede %20 yağ içerecek şekilde peynir üretimi gerçekleştirilmiş, ayrıca karşılaştırma amacıyla yağlı peynir örneği (kurumaddede %40 yağ) de üretilmiştir. Peynirler 7±1 °C'de olgunlaşmaya bırakılarak 0, 7, 15, 30, 60 ve 90. gü...

  19. Eredamaid helielamusi Helsingi "Avanto'lt" / Rael Artel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Artel, Rael, 1980-

    2003-01-01

    Helsingi meediakunsti festival 21.-24. 2002. Põhitähelepanu oli koondunud helile. Franz Pomassli heliinstallatsioonist, Briti loomingulise kollektiivi Semiconductor heli- ja pildiperformance'itest, inglise kunstniku Lis Rhodesi videotest jm.

  20. Potential probiotic of Lactobacillus johnsonii LT171 for chicken ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    STORAGESEVER

    2009-11-02

    Nov 2, 2009 ... ISSN 1684–5315 © 2009 Academic Journals. Full Length Research Paper ... ability to the mucus and antibacterial effects against pathogens is the major .... medium consisting of skim milk (1%) and agar (1.5%). Clear zones.

  1. Autodesk Infraworks 360 and Autodesk Infraworks 360 LT essentials

    CERN Document Server

    Chappell, Eric

    2015-01-01

    Get up to speed and get to work quickly with the official InfraWorks handbook Autodesk InfraWorks and InfraWorks 360 Essentials, 2nd Edition is your comprehensive, hands-on guide to this popular civil engineering software. This unique guide features concise, straightforward explanations and real world exercises to bring you up to speed on InfraWorks' core features and functions, giving you the skills you need to quickly become productive. Following a workflow-based approach that mirrors how projects progress in the real world, this book walks you through the process of designing a residential

  2. Maddi Kültürü Anlamak

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Woodward, Ian

    This is a Turkish translation of my book Understanding Material Culture, 2007, London: Sage Publications. Translated by Ferit Burak Aydar.......This is a Turkish translation of my book Understanding Material Culture, 2007, London: Sage Publications. Translated by Ferit Burak Aydar....

  3. Mastering Autodesk Inventor and Autodesk Inventor LT 2011

    CERN Document Server

    Waguespack, Curtis

    2010-01-01

    Expert authors Curtis Waguespack and Thom Tremblay developed this detailed reference and tutorial with straightforward explanations, real-world examples, and practical tutorials that focus squarely on teaching Inventor tips, tricks, and techniques. The authors extensive experience across industries and their Inventor expertise allows them to teach the software in the context of real-world workflows and work environments. They present topics that are poorly documented elsewhere, such as design tactics for large assemblies, effective model design for different industries, strategies for eff

  4. monumente ter gedagtenis aan lt. kol henning pn pretorius (1844 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    1844-1897). IN DIE TRANSVAALSE. HOOFSTAD. Kol Dr Jan Ploeger*. 1. Die Agtergrond. Die korps 'Staatsartillerie van die ZA Republiek' se benaming is aan Wet No. 1 van 1896 ontleen en het vanaf sy ontstaan in 1881 'n verwarrende.

  5. AutoCAD 2015 and AutoCAD LT 2015

    CERN Document Server

    Gladfelter, Donnie

    2014-01-01

    Learn AutoCAD by example with this tutorial-based guide from Autodesk Official Press Whether you are just starting out or an experienced user wanting to brush up on your skills, this Autodesk Official Press book provides you with concise explanations, focused examples, and step-by-step instructions through a hands-on tutorial project that runs throughout the book. As you progress through the project, the book introduces you to the Microsoft Windows-based AutoCAD interface and then guides you through basic commands and creating drawings. A downloadable file is available from the website so that

  6. Maju lumes : uudisproosat EKK-lt / Ilmar Laaban

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laaban, Ilmar, 1921-2000

    1997-01-01

    Varem ilm. Vaba Eesti, 1952, nr. 4.Rets rmt.: Talve, Ilmar. Maja lumes : [romaan]. Lund : Eesti Kirjanike Kooperatiiv, 1952 ; Gailit, August. Kas mäletad, mu arm? : [romaan novellides]. Lund : Eesti Kirjanike Kooperatiiv, 1951

  7. AutoCAD 2014 and AutoCAD LT 2014

    CERN Document Server

    Gladfelter, Donnie

    2013-01-01

    A step-by-step tutorial introduction to AutoCAD As the only book to teach AutoCAD using a continuous tutorial which allows you to follow along sequentially or jump in at any exercise by downloading the drawing files, this Autodesk Official Press book is ideal for the AutoCAD novice. Industry expert and AutoCAD guru Donnie Gladfelter walks you through the powerful features of AutoCAD, provides you with a solid foundation of the basics, and shares the latest industry standards and techniques. The hands-on tutorial project inspired by real-world workflows that runs throughout the book

  8. Mastering Autodesk Inventor 2012 and Autodesk Inventor LT 2012

    CERN Document Server

    Waguespack, Curtis

    2011-01-01

    Master the "Inventor" way of 3D mechanical design with this expert guide This Autodesk Official Training Guide is your best resource for learning how to create, document, and verify your design using Autodesk's powerful Inventor 2012 software. Mastering Inventor is a detailed reference and tutorial that quickly covers Inventor basics before moving on to detail topics rarely documented elsewhere, such as configuring your design with iLogic, practical ways to work with large assemblies, using 2D and 3D data from other CAD systems, working with styles and standards, designing and detailing weldme

  9. CHEMICAL EVALUATION OF THE NUTRITIVE\\ i\\Lt:J<: OF ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    BSN

    All essential amino acids were present with phenylanine, leucine. ly ine. .... binding with the substrate to be digested, inhibiting digestive enzymes or heing anti- ... the absence of effective glucosidase, neither saliva nor dilute hydrochloric acid ...

  10. An Uncommon Complication with a Supraglottic Airway: The King LT.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Sara; Cherian, Verghese T; Greco, Katherine; Mets, Elbert; Budde, Arne

    2016-02-15

    General anesthesia was administered in an 18-year-old man for removal of hardware from his right knee using a King Laryngeal Tube supraglottic airway. An hour after extubation, he reported inability to swallow with no respiratory distress. Examination showed an edematous uvula, which took 3 days to subside with anti-inflammatory medication. During the positioning of the King Laryngeal Tube, it was pulled back to ensure adequate ventilation. The inflated cuff could have dragged the uvula and folded it on itself, leading to venous congestion and edema.

  11. Ripple Design of LT Codes for BIAWGN Channels

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Jesper Hemming; Koike-Akino, Toshiaki; Orlik, Philip

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents a novel framework, which enables a design of rateless codes for binary input additive white Gaussian noise (BIAWGN) channels, using the ripple-based approach known from the works for the binary erasure channel (BEC). We reveal that several aspects of the analytical results from...

  12. Research on brake noise. Concerning LT drum brake; Brake noise ni kansuru kenkyu. LT Drum brake ni tsuite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chikamori, S; Shimizu, Y [Seikei University, Tokyo (Japan); Yano, M [Mitsubishi Motor Corp., Tokyo (Japan)

    1997-10-01

    The four degrees of freedom of shoe motion were adopted by considering the bending for the shoe vibration, and the simulation model was derived. Using this model, the mechanism by which the squeal is generated was reviewed. And conditions for the occurrence of squeal vibration were determined by a series of simulations. Then father analysis was conducted on the influences of various parameters upon the occurrence of squeal vibration. 2 refs., 10 figs.

  13. Müslüman Tüketicilerin İsraf Kavramına Bakışı: Türkiye, Katar ve Endonezya Ölçeğinde Kültürlerarası Bir Mukayese / The Perspective of Muslim Consumers on Extravagance: A Cross-Cultural Comparative Study in Turkey, Qatar and Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hasan Terzi

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The Perspective of Muslim Consumers on Extravagance: A Cross-Cultural Comparative Study in Turkey, Qatar and Indonesia Abstract Islam encourages people to earn halal -or lawful- and sets certain rules on spending. In Quran spending in the way of Allah is praised (57:7 and besides this, eating, drinking and spending extravagantly is forbidden (6:141; 4:6; 7:31; 17:29. In Quran the term “extravagance” refers to various meanings (10:12; 3:146-147; 10:83; 5:32; 7:80-81; 7:31; 17:29. In daily life it means excessive or unnecessary expenditure or outlay of resources. In this regard the viewpoint of Muslim individuals on such phenomena which is forbidden in Quran becomes more crucial. A survey is conducted in Turkey, Qatar and Indonesia to compare the viewpoint of individuals which are adherents of the same religion but from different cultures. Müslüman Tüketicilerin İsraf Kavramına Bakışı: Türkiye, Katar ve Endonezya Ölçeğinde Kültürlerarası Bir Mukayese Öz İslam dini insanın helal yollardan kazanç elde etmesini teşvik etmiş, harcama noktasında belli kurallar getirmiştir. Kuran’da Allah yolunda harcama övülmüş (57:7, harcamada aşırıya gitmek (6:141; 4:6, ihtiyaçtan fazla yiyip içmek (7:31, israf etmek (17:29 yasaklanmıştır. Kuran’da birçok yerde geçen “israf” terimi çeşitli manalarda kullanılmış olsa da (bkz: 10:12; 3:146-147; 10:83; 5:32; 7:80-81; 7:31; 17:29 günlük hayatta gereksiz yere para, zaman, emek vb.ni harcama, savurganlık olarak ifade edilmektedir. Bu bakımdan Kuran’da yasaklanmış bir davranış biçimi olan israf olgusuna Müslüman bireylerin bakış açısı önemli hale gelmektedir. Bu bakış açısını ölçmek amacıyla Türkiye, Katar ve Endonezya’da anket çalışması yapılmıştır. Araştırma sonucunda israf kavramının bireysel ve toplumsal olmak üzere iki boyutu tespit edilmiş, bu boyutlar çerçevesinde kültürler arasında çeşitli y

  14. Tomas Peyniri. II. Peynir Örneklerine Katılan P. roqueforti Starter Kültürleri ve Doğal Mikrobiyal Floranın Olgunlaşma Süresince Değişimi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Hüsnü Gündüz

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Bu araştırmada, Doğu Anadolu Bölgesinin bazı yörelerinde üretilen Tomas peynirinin mikrobiyal florası, olgunlaştırma süresince incelenmiştir. Laboratuvarda üretilen peynir örnekleri, 4 ayrı Penicillium roqueforti suşu ile aşılanmış ve 5±1 oC da 4 ay süre ile olgunlaştırılmıştır. Örnekler, 0., 1., 2., 3. ve 4. aylarda mikrobiyolojik yönden analize tabi tutulmuştur. Uygulanan analizler sonucunda; Tomas peyniri örneklerinde, ortalama 26.14x107 adet/g toplam canlı bakteri, 18.70x107 adet/g toplam süt asidi bakterileri sayımı yapılmıştır. Süt asidi bakterilerinden, Streptococcus lactis (ortalama 5.7x107 adet/g, S. cremoris (ort. 2.9x107 adet/g, S. thermophilus (ort. 2.7x107 adet/g, Lactobacillus bulgaricus (ort. 6.5x107 adet/g ve L. plantarum (ort. 12.1x107 adet/g türleri tanımlanmıştır. Proteolitik bakteri olarak, ortalama 6.5x107 adet/g bakteri saptanmış, lipolitik mikroorganizma olarak ise, Candida lipolytica mayası tanımlanmış ve ortalama olarak 13.3x107 adet/g maya belirlenmiştir. Peynir örneklerinde starter kültür olarak kullanılan P. roqueforti suşlarından başka küf mantarına rastlanmamış olup, bu suşlar için sayısal ortalama değer 99.98x107 adet/g olarak bulunmuştur. Ayrıca, örneklerde, coli grubu bakteriye de rastlanılmamıştır

  15. Alevi Yapısallaşması, Talepler ve Din Kültürü ve Ahlak Bilgisi Ders Kitaplarında Alevilik-Bektaşilik Alewi Scructuralism, Demands and Alevism-Bektashism on the Books of Religion Culture and Knowledge of Ethic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eyup ŞİMŞEK

    2013-03-01

    such as“performing cem”, “semah”, “the month of Muharram and ashura” inthe 12th grade level RCKE textbook in the teaching of the religion. Kültürel, sosyolojik, düşünsel ve tasavvufi özellikleriyle dikkatçeken Alevilik-Bektaşilik, özellikle 1990‟lardan itibaren toplumgündemine daha sık gelmeye başlamıştır. Bu gündeme geliş, daha çokAleviliği yeni bir dini kimlik olarak keşfetme yolunu açtığı gibi, bukimliğin pekişmesi için de devletten bir takım dinsel talepleriberaberinde getirmiştir. Bu taleplerden biri genelde Din Kültürü veAhlak Bilgisi (DKAB derslerine özelde ise DKAB ders kitaplarına ilişkinolandır. Ancak yapısallaşma sürecinde dile getirilen bu talepkonusunda Alevi-Bektaşi grup ve önderler birleşmiş ise de, Alevi-Bektaşi grup ve önderlerin talebin DKAB kitaplarına nasıl yansıtılmasıgerektiği ve DKAB dersinin geleceği konusunda farklı yaklaşımlarasahip oldukları ileri sürülmektedir. Diğer taraftan MEB‟in, Aleviçalıştaylarıyla daha belirgin hale gelen talepleri dikkate aldığı ve sonyıllarda DKAB ders kitaplarına yansıttığı ifade edilmektedir. Bubağlamda Türkiye‟nin bir gerçeği olan Alevîlik-Bektaşiliğin DKAB derskitaplarına nasıl yansıtıldığını tespit edilmesi önemlidir. Bu durumdanhareketle konunun araştırılması, bu çalışmanın amacınıoluşturmuştur. Bu doğrultuda ilk ve ortaöğretim okullarında okutulanDKAB ders kitapları, Alevîlik-Bektaşilik ile ilgili içerik açısındandeğerlendirilmiş, Alevilik-Bektaşilik konularının düzeyi ve ele alınışınıntespitinde betimsel bir yaklaşım kullanılmıştır.Araştırmanın kapsamını Millî Eğitim Bakanlığı tarafından 2012yılında basılan 2012-2013 eğitim-öğretim yılında ilk ve ortaöğretimokullarına dağıtılan ders kitapları oluşturmaktadır. Taranan 4-12 sınıfDKAB ders kitaplarının tamamında Alevîlik-Bektaşilik ile ilgili konularaveya kişilere yer verildi

  16. Stephen L. Webber and Jennifer G. Mathers eds., Military and Society in Post-Soviet Russia. Manchester and New York: Manchester University Press, 2006, 277 pages.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert V. Barylski

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available In the run up to the July 2006, G-8 summit in St. Petersburg, public opinion leaders in the developed European countries and the United States warned that Russia was backsliding on democratic reform, increasing defense spending rapidly, and using energy blackmail to rebuild power and influence. President George Bush expressed some of the West’s concerns to Putin in public and in private meetings. Putin stood his ground and reminded his guests, royally housed in the Petrine imperial setting, t...

  17. 1970’li Yıllar Türkiye Siyasi Tarihinin Kültürel Belleği: 12 Mart Romanı ‘Yaralısın’da Devlet Güdümlü İşkence ve Mahkumiyet Sorunsalı Cultural Memory of 1970s' Turkish Political History: The Question of State-Sanctioned Torture and Imprisonment in the March 12th Novel ‘Yaralısın’

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmet ALVER

    2013-07-01

    rk siyasi yaşamının bilinmeyen birçok yanına ışık tutarak bu durumu edebi bir perspektiften değerlendiren ve bu olaylara etkili bir dille ayna tutmaya çalışan eserlere verilen genel bir ifadedir. Bu bağlamda Erdal Öz’ün ‘Yaralısın’ romanı, 12 Mart 1971 askeri müdahelesi sonrası Türkiye’sinde, döneme ait acı gerçeklere doğrudan ışık tutarak, sol ideolojiyi temsil eden bir neslin yaşadığı acıların kültürel belleğini tutar. Roman, 1970 yıllar Türkiye’sinde, sol fikirli yüzlerce, binlerce entellektüel, üniversite öğrencisi ve aktivistin gözaltı süresince zulme ve işkenceye maruz kaldığı; ülkede hakim olan karanlık bir dönemin kültürel hafızasını kaydederek günümüz neslinin yakın tarihini öğrenmelerinde önemli bir rol oynamaktadır. Erdal Öz’ün bu romanı ayrıca, dönemin siyasetine veya siyasi olaylarına herhangi bir isim veya zaman dilimi kullanmadan somut anlamda doğrudan vurgu yapmaması yönüyle de evrensel bir özellik taşımaktadır. Romanda sunulan işkence ve insanlık dışı her türlü uygulama, herhangi bir totaliter rejim tarafından uygulanabilecek şiddetin doğasına işaret etmektedir. Bu çalışmada Michael Foucault’un felsefi ve sosyoloji teorileriyle açıkladığı devlet ile birey arasındaki ilişkiyi, totaliter bir yapıya sahip iktidarın uyguladığı aşırı gücün etkilerini görmekteyiz. Buna ek olarak, iktidarın romanın tutuklu kahramanı üzerinde hem pskikolojik hem de fiziksel anlamda uyguladığı gücün oluşturduğu etkileri, bu güç karşısındaki direnç girişimini ve bir süre sonra bu güce boyun eğmek zorunda kalarak, kendi kendisinin sorgulayıcısı ve suçlayıcısı olma sürecini incelemektedir. Öte yandan, Elaine Scarry tarafından kaleme alınan “ The Body in Pain” adlı kitap da, işkencenin özellikle de şiddete maruz kalan bireyin dış dünyayla iletişime geçip kendini ifade etme yetisini ortadan kaldıran psikolojik

  18. Temel Söz Varlığı Bağlamında Türkçe Ve Almancada En Sık Kullanılan Elli Eylemin Söz-Eylem Kuramı Çerçevesinde Dil-Yapısal Ve Kültürel Açıdan Karşılaştırılması Basic Vocabulury In Context Comparison Of Perspective Lingua-Structure And Culture Most Frequently Used Fifty Actions In Turkish And German In The Frame Of Statement-Action Theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Faik KANATLI

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available It is a common point linguists and language trainers agree on thatbasic vocabulary plays a determinant role in both native and secondlanguage acquisition and teaching. Another point on which thosescientists agree is that language acquisition and teaching is also anacquisition and teaching of culture. By leading aforementionedassumptions, in this study, most frequently used fifty verbs in Turkishand German will be classified according to statement-action theory andcompared in terms of lingua-structure and culture. Through thecomparison based on frequency and statement-action theory, this studyaims to make inferences that will probably contribute to both teachingGerman to Turkish speaker as a foreign language and teaching Turkishto German speaker as a foreign language. The study will be built ondata from Tschirner 2008 and Ozkan 2012. Correspondence and noncorrespondencebetween Turkish and German will be interpreted andjustified in most frequently used first fifty verbs.Main thesis of the study is that determination and comparison ofmost frequently used fifty verbs in native and foreign language will beeffective in teaching basic vocabulary gradually through action focusedgrammar (Valanzgrammatik. Another emphasis of the study is thatsequencing of first fifty verbs reflects the cultural priority of nativespeakers. Findings and inference of the study Turkish education,Turkish education as a foreign language and foreign language educationis expected to contribute. Findings and inference will be based onprogressive teaching of the word. In this regard, this study may resolvesome of the shortcomings in the literature. Gerek birinci gerek ikinci dil edinimi ve öğretiminde temel söz varlığının belirleyici bir rol oynadığı dilbilimci ve dil eğitimcilerinin ortaklaştığı noktadır. Söz konusu bilimcilerin görüş birliği içinde olduğu bir başka nokta, dil edinimi ve öğretiminin aynı zamanda bir kültür edinimi ve öğretimi oldu

  19. Climate Change and Health

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Home / News / Fact sheets / Detail WHO /A. Craggs Climate change and health 1 February 2018 ","datePublished":"2018-02- ... in improved health, particularly through reduced air pollution. Climate change Over the last 50 years, human activities – particularly ...

  20. CLOUDLESS ATMOSPHERES FOR L/T DWARFS AND EXTRASOLAR GIANT PLANETS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tremblin, P.; Amundsen, D. S.; Chabrier, G.; Baraffe, I.; Drummond, B.; Hinkley, S. [Astrophysics Group, University of Exeter, Exeter EX4 4QL (United Kingdom); Mourier, P. [Ecole Normale Supérieure de Lyon, CRAL, UMR CNRS 5574, F-69364 Lyon Cedex 07 (France); Venot, O., E-mail: tremblin@astro.ex.ac.uk, E-mail: pascal.tremblin@cea.fr [Instituut voor Sterrenkunde, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200D, B-3001 Leuven (Belgium)

    2016-02-01

    The admitted, conventional scenario to explain the complex spectral evolution of brown dwarfs (BDs) since their first detection 20 years ago has always been the key role played by micron-size condensates, called “dust” or “clouds,” in their atmosphere. This scenario, however, faces major problems, in particular the J-band brightening and the resurgence of FeH absorption at the L to T transition, and a physical first-principle understanding of this transition is lacking. In this Letter, we propose a new, completely different explanation for BD and extrasolar giant planet (EGP) spectral evolution, without the need to invoke clouds. We show that, due to the slowness of the CO/CH{sub 4} and N{sub 2}/NH{sub 3} chemical reactions, brown dwarf (L and T, respectively) and EGP atmospheres are subject to a thermo-chemical instability similar in nature to the fingering or chemical convective instability present in Earth oceans and at the Earth core/mantle boundary. The induced small-scale turbulent energy transport reduces the temperature gradient in the atmosphere, explaining the observed increase in near-infrared J–H and J–K colors of L dwarfs and hot EGPs, while a warming up of the deep atmosphere along the L to T transition, as the CO/CH{sub 4} instability vanishes, naturally solves the two aforementioned puzzles, and provides a physical explanation of the L to T transition. This new picture leads to a drastic revision of our understanding of BD and EGP atmospheres and their evolution.

  1. Cloudless Atmospheres for L/T Dwarfs and Extrasolar Giant Planets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tremblin, P.; Amundsen, D. S.; Chabrier, G.; Baraffe, I.; Drummond, B.; Hinkley, S.; Mourier, P.; Venot, O.

    2016-01-01

    The admitted, conventional scenario to explain the complex spectral evolution of brown dwarfs (BDs) since their first detection 20 years ago has always been the key role played by micron-size condensates, called "dust" or "clouds," in their atmosphere. This scenario, however, faces major problems, in particular the J-band brightening and the resurgence of FeH absorption at the L to T transition, and a physical first-principle understanding of this transition is lacking. In this Letter, we propose a new, completely different explanation for BD and extrasolar giant planet (EGP) spectral evolution, without the need to invoke clouds. We show that, due to the slowness of the CO/ CH4 and N2/NH3 chemical reactions, brown dwarf (L and T, respectively) and EGP atmospheres are subject to a thermo-chemical instability similar in nature to the fingering or chemical convective instability present in Earth oceans and at the Earth core/mantle boundary. The induced small-scale turbulent energy transport reduces the temperature gradient in the atmosphere, explaining the observed increase in near-infrared J-H and J-K colors of L dwarfs and hot EGPs, while a warming up of the deep atmosphere along the L to T transition, as the CO/CH4 instability vanishes, naturally solves the two aforementioned puzzles, and provides a physical explanation of the L to T transition. This new picture leads to a drastic revision of our understanding of BD and EGP atmospheres and their evolution.

  2. CLOUDLESS ATMOSPHERES FOR L/T DWARFS AND EXTRASOLAR GIANT PLANETS

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tremblin, P.; Amundsen, D. S.; Chabrier, G.; Baraffe, I.; Drummond, B.; Hinkley, S.; Mourier, P.; Venot, O.

    2016-01-01

    The admitted, conventional scenario to explain the complex spectral evolution of brown dwarfs (BDs) since their first detection 20 years ago has always been the key role played by micron-size condensates, called “dust” or “clouds,” in their atmosphere. This scenario, however, faces major problems, in particular the J-band brightening and the resurgence of FeH absorption at the L to T transition, and a physical first-principle understanding of this transition is lacking. In this Letter, we propose a new, completely different explanation for BD and extrasolar giant planet (EGP) spectral evolution, without the need to invoke clouds. We show that, due to the slowness of the CO/CH 4 and N 2 /NH 3 chemical reactions, brown dwarf (L and T, respectively) and EGP atmospheres are subject to a thermo-chemical instability similar in nature to the fingering or chemical convective instability present in Earth oceans and at the Earth core/mantle boundary. The induced small-scale turbulent energy transport reduces the temperature gradient in the atmosphere, explaining the observed increase in near-infrared J–H and J–K colors of L dwarfs and hot EGPs, while a warming up of the deep atmosphere along the L to T transition, as the CO/CH 4 instability vanishes, naturally solves the two aforementioned puzzles, and provides a physical explanation of the L to T transition. This new picture leads to a drastic revision of our understanding of BD and EGP atmospheres and their evolution

  3. CONTEMPT/LT-028 Browns Ferry studies of an anticipated transient without scram

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Holcomb, E.E.

    1983-01-01

    The Browns Ferry Nuclear Plant containment response during the first 30 min of an anticipated transient without scram (ATWS) is the subject of this paper. Three cases, each initiated by a main steam isolation valve closure, are presented: the ATWS is mitigated by operator actions in the spirit of the General Electric Emergency Procedure Guidelines; the ATWS is managed by the plant automatic control systems; and the ATWS proceeds as in first case except that the drywell coolers are unavailable. Success of the standby liquid control system is assumed in the last two transients

  4. Directly imaged L-T transition exoplanets in the mid-infrared {sup ,}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Skemer, Andrew J.; Hinz, Philip M.; Morzinski, Katie M.; Leisenring, Jarron M.; Close, Laird M.; Bailey, Vanessa P.; Defrere, Denis; Follette, Katherine B.; Males, Jared R.; Rodigas, Timothy J. [Steward Observatory, Department of Astronomy, University of Arizona, 933 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States); Marley, Mark S. [NASA Ames Research Center, MS-245-3, Moffett Field, CA 94035 (United States); Skrutskie, Michael F. [Department of Astronomy, University of Virginia, 530 McCormick Road, Charlottesville, VA 22904 (United States); Saumon, Didier [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Mail Stop F663, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States); Briguglio, Runa; Esposito, Simone; Puglisi, Alfio; Xompero, Marco [Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica, Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri Largo E. Fermi 5 50125 Firenze (Italy); Hill, John M. [Large Binocular Telescope Observatory, University of Arizona, 933 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States)

    2014-09-01

    Gas-giant planets emit a large fraction of their light in the mid-infrared (≳3 μm), where photometry and spectroscopy are critical to our understanding of the bulk properties of extrasolar planets. Of particular importance are the L- and M-band atmospheric windows (3-5 μm), which are the longest wavelengths currently accessible to ground-based, high-contrast imagers. We present binocular LBT adaptive optics (AO) images of the HR 8799 planetary system in six narrow-band filters from 3 to 4 μm, and a Magellan AO image of the 2M1207 planetary system in a broader 3.3 μm band. These systems encompass the five known exoplanets with luminosities consistent with L → T transition brown dwarfs. Our results show that the exoplanets are brighter and have shallower spectral slopes than equivalent temperature brown dwarfs in a wavelength range that contains the methane fundamental absorption feature (spanned by the narrow-band filters and encompassed by the broader 3.3 μm filter). For 2M1207 b, we find that thick clouds and non-equilibrium chemistry caused by vertical mixing can explain the object's appearance. For the HR 8799 planets, we present new models that suggest the atmospheres must have patchy clouds, along with non-equilibrium chemistry. Together, the presence of a heterogeneous surface and vertical mixing presents a picture of dynamic planetary atmospheres in which both horizontal and vertical motions influence the chemical and condensate profiles.

  5. Troas Bölgesi'nde Göçler, Diller ve Kültürler

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rüstem Aslan

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Because of its strategic location the Troad was from the Early Bronze Age to the Archaic Period confronted with the many differents immigrations. The transition to the Early Iron Age took place around 1130 BC. During this short transition period, former traditions were maintained while new elements emerged at the same time. Most scholars agreed that the settlement transformed into another local culture. However, this settlement was also brought to an end by destruction later on, the Early Iron Age, Troy VIIb2 and VIIb3 under influence of the Balkans lasted from 1150 BC to 950 BC. The archaeological evidence shows, that these two different cultures lived in peace on the Troad. During the Archaic period, the Greeks arrived in the region. According to Herodot and Strabon, the Greeks also had a process of acculturation with the local cultures.

  6. AutoCAD 2015 and AutoCAD LT 2015 essentials

    CERN Document Server

    Onstott, Scott

    2014-01-01

    Step-by-step instructions for the AutoCAD fundamentals AutoCAD 2015 Essentials contains 400 pages of full-color, comprehensive instruction on the world's top drafting and architecture software. This 2015 edition features architectural, manufacturing, and landscape architecture examples. And like previous editions, the detailed guide introduces core concepts using interactive tutorials and open-ended projects, which can be completed in any order, thanks to downloadable data sets (an especially useful feature for students and professionals studying for Autodesk AutoCAD certification). Unlike man

  7. Wie viel Syntax braucht die Semantik, und wie viel Semantik enthält die Syntax?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hubert Haider

    2004-05-01

    Full Text Available The nature of the syntax-semantics interface is a controversial issue in grammar theory. Current theorizing in Generative Grammar endorses a 'tight fit' conception. Abstract syntax is to provide distinct structural configurations for distinct semantic entities in terms of semantically typed functional heads that project functional phrases. Positive and convincing evidence for the tight fit approach is wanting. The opposite viewpoint, once called the autonomy viewpoint in Generative Grammar, takes syntax to be a module of grammar that is not necessarily tailored to the needs of semantics. It is an algorithm that maps strings on structures and vice versa. The semantic construction algorithm maps syntactic structure on adequate semantic domains. In this contribution, evidence from three areas syntax of adverbials, syntax of negation, alleged semantic correlates of argument structure are reviewed in order to clarify which of the two viewpoints is more likely to be adequate. It is argued that the autonomy approach is superior.

  8. Wie viel Syntax braucht die Semantik, und wie viel Semantik enthält die Syntax?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hubert Haider

    2004-05-01

    Full Text Available The nature of the syntax-semantics interface is a controversial issue in grammar theory. Current theorizing in Generative Grammar endorses a 'tight fit' conception. Abstract syntax is to provide distinct structural configurations for distinct semantic entities in terms of semantically typed functional heads that project functional phrases. Positive and convincing evidence for the tight fit approach is wanting. The opposite viewpoint, once called the autonomy viewpoint in Generative Grammar, takes syntax to be a module of grammar that is not necessarily tailored to the needs of semantics. It is an algorithm that maps strings on structures and vice versa. The semantic construction algorithm maps syntactic structure on adequate semantic domains. In this contribution, evidence from three areas syntax of adverbials, syntax of negation, alleged semantic correlates of argument structure are reviewed in order to clarify which of the two viewpoints is more likely to be adequate. It is argued that the autonomy approach is superior.

  9. 83 Waste Ergonomics Optimization in Ilorin, Nigeria * Ajibade, L.T. ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Choice-Academy

    (facilities and equipments, including container types, vehicle types and cost, maintenance cost of equipments, and .... take up the challenges of waste management in the state. Amongst the ... Preliminary Assignment of Vehicles by. Type:.

  10. Yerel yönetimler ve kültür

    OpenAIRE

    Çifçi, Deniz

    2008-01-01

    The idea of alternation of the role and function of public adminstration within development of processes such as democratization, golobaliztion, localization, custimizing as in all over the world is one of the crucial issues of our country agenda. In this sense, within the scope of public adminstration, there are studies on belittling of public adminstration, privatization of public corporation, conveying most of services to the municipal corporations, expantion of nongovermental organization...

  11. AEhLT-1-type image scanner for nuclear-physics and applied problems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Shkundenkov, V.N.

    1979-01-01

    The design of the AELT-1 automatic scanner intended for measuring 35 mm photographs is presented. The photographs are scanned by the ''flying spot'' method, i.e. by transillumination of a photograph being measured and detection, with the help of a photomultiplier, of instants at which the CRT light spot meets different darkenings (nuclear particle tracks, etc.) available on it. On the CRT scope the light spot moves along lines the position (number) of which is controlled by a computer. Coordinates are measured by means of a special system of reference gratings on which with the aid of semitransparent mirrors a part of the CRT light is directed. Codes of the beginning and end of measured darkenings are fed to the computer for processing. In the process of scanning the computer controls the output signal discrimination level in the film channel. Based on the AELT-1 automatic scanner in JINR a system for processing photographs from a wide gap spark chamber during experiments aimed at studying the secondary electroproduction of pions is developed and put into operation in 1973. The tracks have a small length (1 mm), and the bulk of them has low contrast range. The capacity of the developed processing system is 70 thousand events per year for single shift operation

  12. The thyroid axis 'setpoints' are significantly altered after long-term suppressive LT4 therapy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Verburg, F.A.; Mader, U.; Grelle, I.; Visser, T.J.; Peeters, R.P.; Smit, J.W.A.; Reiners, C.

    2014-01-01

    The aim of the study was to investigate the changes in the thyroid axis setpoint after long-term suppressive levothyroxine therapy for differentiated thyroid carcinoma and the resulting changes in levothyroxine requirement. Ninety-nine differentiated thyroid cancer patients were reviewed. All

  13. L.T. Marole: A Forgotten Pioneer in Tshivend√a Lexicography*

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    rbr

    Wörterverzeichnis der Venda-Sprache. Jahrbuch der hamburgischen wissenschaftlichen Anstalten. Beiheft 36: 51-78. Tshikota, S. (Ed.-in-chief). 2006. Tshivend√a–English t√halusamaipfi ya u t√alutshedza ya nyambombili/. English–Tshivend√a Bilingual and Explanatory Dictionary. Cape Town: Phumelela Publishers.

  14. Eesti saab tõenäoliselt USA-lt pooletoobise viisavabaduse / Raimo Poom

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Poom, Raimo

    2008-01-01

    Algasid läbirääkimised USA-ga viisavabaduse saavutamiseks. USA eksperdid tulevad hindama Eesti riigipiiri pidavust, koostatakse vastastikuse arusaamise memorandum. Tõenäoliselt hakkab Eesti puhul kehtima teistsugune süsteem kui on praegu 27 riigil, kellel on USA-ga viisavabadus ja kellest 15 on EL-i nn vanad riigid. USA sisejulgeoleku ministeeriumi asekantsleri Richard Barthi seisukohti. Vt. samas: Eesti näide võib tekitada vastuolulist reaktsiooni

  15. EL taotleb USA-lt viisavabaduse võrdsust / Ahto Lobjakas, Anneli Ammas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lobjakas, Ahto, 1970-

    2004-01-01

    Euroopa Komisjon soovib, et USA kiirendaks EL-i uute liikmesriikide kaasamist oma viisavabastusprogrammi. USA peab illegaalseid tööotsijaid üheks peamiseks tõkkeks viisavabaduse saavutamise teel. Kriteeriumidest, millele peavad USA-ga viisavabadust taotlevad riigid vastama

  16. Emma Bentz: I stadens skugga. Den medeltida landsbygden som arkeologiskt forskningsfält

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristiansen, Mette Svart

    2009-01-01

    Anmeldelse af doktordisputats, Lunds Universitet. Afhandlingen omhandler etableringen af den middelalderlige landbebyggelse som arkæologisk forskningsfelt fra 1930érne til i dag samt etableringen og vedligeholdelsen af et forskningsfelt indenfor den humanistiske videnskab....

  17. AutoCAD 2008 and AutoCAD LT 2008 Bible

    CERN Document Server

    Finkelstein, Ellen

    2011-01-01

    "Whether you're new to AutoCAD or a veteran, you will undoubtedly find this book to be an excellent resource."-- Abhi Singh, AutoCAD Product Manager, Autodesk, Inc.Here's the book that makes AutoCAD approachableEven the people at Autodesk look to Ellen Finkelstein for AutoCAD training, so who better to teach you about AutoCAD 2008? This comprehensive guide brings veterans up to speed on AutoCAD updates and takes novices from the basics to programming in AutoLISP(r) and VBA. Every feature is covered in a logical order, and with the Quick Start chapter, you'll be creating drawings on your very f

  18. Türkiye'nin Stratejik Kültürü- Strategic Culture of Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Timur AKHMETOV

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available Rapid changes that occurred in the Turkish politics in the last 15 years also had a profound impact on the foreign policy vision. New dynamism resulted in revision of traditional principles in the Turkish foreign policy where views on deployment of military power has been occupied a central place. To understand these new developments we should grasp the nature of Turkish strategic culture, i.e. views, ideas and norms surrounding military power use outside national borders. Historical cases when Turkish decision-makers had to deal with security issues and were pondering over use of power may provide a factual background for formation of theoretical views on strategic culture of Turkey.

  19. AutoCAD 2012 and AutoCAD LT 2012 No Experience Required

    CERN Document Server

    Gladfelter, Donnie

    2011-01-01

    The perfect step-by-step introduction to Autodesk's powerful architectural design software With this essential guide, you'll learn how to plan, develop, document, and present a complete AutoCAD project by building a summer cabin from start to finish. You can follow each step sequentially or jump in at any point by downloading the drawing files from the book's companion web site. You'll also master all essential AutoCAD features, get a thorough grounding in the basics, learn the very latest industry standards and techniques, and quickly become productive with AutoCAD 2012.Features concise expla

  20. V. C. Ogarawu', F.i. Abdulrahman and L.T. Zaria"

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    gry •ę ----

  1. 83 Waste Ergonomics Optimization in Ilorin, Nigeria * Ajibade, L.T. ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Choice-Academy

    observed that the optimal use of these equipments in the study area is highly decry-able. This can be ... ferruginous soil on crystalline acidic rock. The ... Tourism. KWEPA met an untimely death due to fund restriction, government policies.

  2. Lt AW Beauchamp-Proctor – die klein mannet jie met die leeuemoed

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Many millions of words have been written abour heroes and many more will be written in the future, but this article about the late Captain Andrew Weatherby Beauchamp-Proctor, VC., 050., MC.(Bar), OFC., is special because he was the only South African among nineteen pilots to win the Victoria Cross during the First World ...

  3. KrygsheldelWar Heroes LT A.W. BEAUCHAMP-PROCTOR - DIE ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Many millions of words have been written abour heroes and many more will be written in the future, but this article about the late Captain Andrew Weatherby Beauchamp-Proctor, VC., 050.,. MC.(Bar), OFC., is special because he was the only South African among nineteen pilots to win the Victoria Cross during the First ...

  4. GEP 6.5LT Engine Cetane Window Evaluation for ATJ/JP-8 Fuel Blends

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-09-01

    matching pre- calibrated amplifier • BEI Shaft Encoder (0.2 CAD) • Wolff Instrumented Injector for needle lift The high speed data was recorded and post...14. ABSTRACT The European Stationary Cycle 13 Mode test and a power curve was performed on a 6.5L turbocharged V-8 diesel engine for three ATJ...15. SUBJECT TERMS ATJ, Alcohol to Jet, Cetane Number, Synthetic Fuel, JP-8, diesel engine, combustion 16. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF: 17

  5. Maakonna arengukavas pole omavalitsuste häält kuulda / Urve Erikson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Erikson, Urve, 1956-

    2005-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje 20. jaan., lk. 2. Ida-Virumaa omavalitsuste liidu tegevdirektor peab oluliseks kohalike omavalitsuste osalemist ning avalikku arutelu maakonna arengustrateegia koostamisel

  6. He 2-467 = LT Del - the yellow symbiotic star with a period about 500 days

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Arkhipova, V.P.; Noskova, R.I.

    1988-01-01

    By means of broad and narrow-band photometry in UBV spectral region the variability of the object He 2-467 earlier classified as peculiar cenral star of planetary nebyla has been revealed. The brightness amplitude significantly decreases with the wavelength from 1 m .9 in u-band to 0 m .3 in V. The brightness variations were found to be periodic, with P=488 days. The observations of He2-467 were interpreted using the model of binary consisting of very hot subdwarf and G511-giant. The parameters of both components have been derived. The hot star is probably the evolved low mass nucleus of planetary nebula already dissipated. The periodic variations in U-band may be the result of the reflection effect due to the presence of hot extended region on the side of cold star facing the subdwarf. The subdwarf UV-flux can heat and ionize the upper atmosphere of the giant giving birth to the emission lines and Balmer continuum. The yellow symbiotics to which He 2-467 belong may be predecessors of red symbiotics with M giants

  7. [Address by Lt. Gov. Mark S. Singel: Independent power generation in Pennsylvania

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Singel, M.S.

    1991-01-01

    The paper discusses the economic development of cogeneration and independent power generation facilities in Pennsylvania. The implementation of PURPA 210 on the state level and proposed federal changes are discussed. Pennsylvania is concerned about three key issues related to these proposed changes and these are described. The issues concern the granting of contracts with levelized, or front-loaded contract rates; whether utilities should include price reopeners and/or regulatory out-clauses in power purchase agreements; and adoption of a state bidding system. The author believes that innovative, capital-intensive technologies will probably not be developed if regulators dwell too greatly on perceived risk and short-run costs. While independent power production is presently at something of a standstill in Pennsylvania, the author believes this situation will change in the near future

  8. Bitki Doku Kültüründe İridoit Glikozitler

    OpenAIRE

    ATAR, Havva; ÇÖLGEÇEN, Hatice

    2013-01-01

    Iridoit glycosides are monoterpene derivatives biosynthesized from isoprenoids (terpenes). They are synthesized naturally in many different dicotyl plants and they protect plants against biotic and abiotic attacks. Iridoit glycosides are powerful phytochemicals. They exhibit antimicrobial, antitumor, anti-cardiac, anti-inflammatory, anti-hepatoma and antioxidant and neuroprotective effects on human health. Iridoid glycosides are found in many medicinal plants and are responsible for their pha...

  9. Quantenfeldtheorie wie man beschreibt, was die Welt im Innersten zusammenhält

    CERN Document Server

    Fritzsch, Harald

    2015-01-01

    Die Geheimnisse des Mikrokosmos aufzudecken, hat die Physiker seit Jahrhunderten fasziniert. Doch obwohl in den vergangenen Jahrzehnten viele interessante Entdeckungen gemacht wurden, bleiben noch Fragen offen, die Harald Fritzsch in diesem Buch von der physikalischen und mathematischen Seite beleuchtet: - Haben die Physiker mit der Standardtheorie der Elementarteilchenphysik schon eine exakte Beschreibung der Teilchenwelt gefunden? - Gibt es wirklich eine „Große Vereinigung“ aller fundamentalen Kräfte? - Und sind die Leptonen, (wie das Elektron), oder die Bausteine der Hadronen, (die Quarks), vielleicht gar nicht wirklich punktförmig, sondern kleine eindimensionale Objekte, die man als „Strings“ bezeichnet? Dieses Buch setzt mathematische Vorbildung voraus und versteht sich als Überblick über die modernen Grundlagen der Quantenfeldtheorie und als Diskussionsbeitrag. Somit eignet sich das Werk insbesondere auch als Überblick und Wiederholung für Physiker. Harald Fritzsch ist bereits als Auto...

  10. Crystal structure of LT GaAs layers before and after annealing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Litiental-Weber, Z.

    1992-01-01

    In this paper the structural quality of GaAs layers grown at low temperatures by solid-source and gas-source MBE at different growth conditions is described. Dependence on the growth temperature and concentration of As [expressed at As/Ga beam equivalent pressure (BEP)] used for the growth is discussed. A higher growth temperature is required top obtain the same monocrystalling layer thickness with increased BEP. The annealing of these layers is associated with the formation of As precipitates. Semicoherent precipitates with lowest formation energies are formed in the monocrystalline parts of the layers grown with the lowest BEP. Precipitates with higher formation energies are formed when higher BEP is applied; they are also formed in the vicinity of structural defects. Formation of As precipitates releases strain in the layers. Arsenic precipitates are not formed in annealed ternary (InAlAs) layers despite their semi-insulating properties. The role of As precipitates in semi-insulating properties and the short lifetime of minority carriers in these layers is discussed

  11. Tarkvaratootjad nõuavad STV-lt hiigelkahjutasu / Lauri Linnamäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Linnamäe, Lauri

    2007-01-01

    Maailma suuremate tarkvaratootjate hulka kuuluvad Microsoft ja Adobe Systems nõuavad kohtus kaabellevifirmalt STV ja selle juhilt Igor Laevalt 448 000 kroonist kahjutasu 75 piraatprogrammi eest, mis leiti firma arvutitest 2004. aastal toimunud reidi käigus. Lisa: Varastatud programmid

  12. Liibanonis röövitu: "Eesti palugu abi Hezbollah'lt!" / Krister Kivi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivi, Krister, 1975-

    2011-01-01

    USA ajakirjanik Charles Glass, kes 24 aastat tagasi võeti Beirutis pantvangiks ja sealt põgenes, on veendunud, et ideoloogilistel põhjustel Liibanonis inimesi enam ei röövita. Liibanonis röövitud eestlaste vabastamiseks tuleb kasutada kõiki kanaleid

  13. The Three Wars of Lt. Gen. George E. Stratemeyer. His Korean War Diary

    Science.gov (United States)

    1999-01-01

    Craigies) that it would land tomorrow, 11 July at 1100 hours at Haneda.96 Annalee will meet them on my behalf complete with flowers and our offer of...At 1530 hours Colonel Lei107 (spelling ?) from Taiwan dropped in with General Banfill. He brought some pineapples from General Chou and greetings from...foreign service tour and be rotated only in accor- dance with FEAF policy. A recommendation for the Legion of Merit for Colonel Jennings is now in your

  14. Sirje ja Harald. Sült ja sõleke / Pille-Riin Purje

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Purje, Pille-Riin, 1963-

    2009-01-01

    Kahest Endla teatri lavastusest: Raimonds Paulsi muusikal põhinevast muusikalavastustusest "Raimonds", lavastaja Tiit Palu, esietendus 7. märtsil. Urmas Vadi pseudoajaloolisest põnevusloost "Ballettmeister", lavastaja Andres Noormets, esietendus 30. aprillil

  15. Türk Dış Politikasında Siyasal Kültürün Etkisi: Kemalist Siyasal Kültürün Evrimleşmesi

    OpenAIRE

    Efegil, Ertan

    2015-01-01

    Political culture contains the rules, understandings and principles related to the process of political life. Especially with the effect of political socialization, the leaders internalize the political culture, mediating between political culture and foreign policy. Turkish political culture has also considerable effect upon the Turkish foreign policy. Kemalist political culture played an influentical effect upon determination of Turkish foreign policy between 1923 and 1950. But, in the cour...

  16. Storage and disposition of weapons usable fissile materials (FMD) PEIS: Blending of U-233 to {lt}12% or {lt}5% enrichment at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory. Data report, Draft: Version 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shaber, E.L.

    1995-08-01

    Uranium-233 (U-233), a uranium isotope, is a fissionable material capable of fueling nuclear reactors or being utilized in the manufacturing of nuclear weapons. As such, it is controlled as a special nuclear material. The Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL) and Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) currently store the Department of Energy`s (DOE`s) supply of unirradiated U-233 fuel materials. Irradiated U-233 is covered by the national spent nuclear fuel (SNF) program and is not in the scope of this report. The U-233 stored at ORNL is relatively pure uranium oxide in the form of powder or monolithic solids. This material is currently stored in stainless steel canisters of variable lengths measuring about 3 inches in diameter. The ORNL material enrichment varies with some material containing considerable amounts of U-235. The INEL material is fuel from the Light Water Breeder Reactor (LWBR) Program and consists of enriched uranium and thorium oxides in zircaloy cladding. The DOE inventory of U-233 contains trace quantities of U-232, and daughter products from the decay of U-232 and U-233, resulting in increased radioactivity over time. These increased levels of radioactivity generally result in the need for special handling considerations.

  17. Mechanical properties of a 316L/T91 weld joint tested in lead-bismuth liquid

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Serre, Ingrid; Vogt, Jean-Bernard

    2009-01-01

    The mechanical strength of T91/316L weld joint assembled by electron beam process is investigated in air and in a liquid lead bismuth bath at 300 and 380 o C using the small punch test. It is shown that the mechanical response in air of the weld joint is similar to that of the T91 base material. The plastic deformation is mainly concentrated in the T91 part of the weld joint which promotes cracking in this material. Testing in liquid lead bismuth bath results in a reduction in ductility and the formation of brittle cracks. The T91/weld interface is found to be rather resistant as it cracks late in the test and after a large crack propagated in the T91 steel.

  18. Kindral Clark: tehke NATOs kõva häält! / Wesley K Clark ; interv. Kaarel Kaas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Clark, Wesley K

    2005-01-01

    NATO Euroopa liitlasvägede endine juhataja, USA erukindral 2004. aasta presidendivalimistest USA-s, võimalikust kandideerimisest presidendiks 2008. aasta valimistel, demokraatide võimalustest järgmised presidendivalimised võita, oma seisukohtadest Iraagi sõja küsimuses, diplomaatiliste vahendite kasutamisest sõjaliste konfliktide lahendamisel, NATO laienemisest ja organisatsiooni sõjalisest suutlikkusest ning intsidendist Vene hävitajaga. Lisa: Wesley K. Clark

  19. ANALYSE AV SAMVARIASJON MELLOM MÅLT ARBEIDSBELASTNING (NAS) OG DEN SUBJEKTIVE OPPLEVELSEN AV ARBEIDSBELASTNINGEN (NASA-TLX) VED INTENSIVAVDELINGER

    OpenAIRE

    Graarud, Vibeke

    2015-01-01

    SAMMENDRAG Sykehus generelt og intensivavdelinger spesielt er under økende press for å kunne drive god og riktig ressursforvaltning. Dermed øker også behov for å kunne dokumentere intensiv-avdelingenes aktivitet og ressursbehov. Nursing Activities Score (NAS) blir ved flere av landets intensivavdelinger brukt som scoringsverktøy for arbeidsbelastning. Det er et verktøy som har til hensikt å kartlegge behovet for antall sykepleiere per pasient. Det er i Norge flere sykepleiere per intensivpasi...

  20. A community effort towards a knowledge-base and mathematical model of the human pathogen Salmonella Typhimurium LT2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shin Sook-Il

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Metabolic reconstructions (MRs are common denominators in systems biology and represent biochemical, genetic, and genomic (BiGG knowledge-bases for target organisms by capturing currently available information in a consistent, structured manner. Salmonella enterica subspecies I serovar Typhimurium is a human pathogen, causes various diseases and its increasing antibiotic resistance poses a public health problem. Results Here, we describe a community-driven effort, in which more than 20 experts in S. Typhimurium biology and systems biology collaborated to reconcile and expand the S. Typhimurium BiGG knowledge-base. The consensus MR was obtained starting from two independently developed MRs for S. Typhimurium. Key results of this reconstruction jamboree include i development and implementation of a community-based workflow for MR annotation and reconciliation; ii incorporation of thermodynamic information; and iii use of the consensus MR to identify potential multi-target drug therapy approaches. Conclusion Taken together, with the growing number of parallel MRs a structured, community-driven approach will be necessary to maximize quality while increasing adoption of MRs in experimental design and interpretation.

  1. A community effort towards a knowledge-base and mathematical model of the human pathogen Salmonella Typhimurium LT2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thiele, Ines; Hyduke, Daniel R; Steeb, Benjamin; Fankam, Guy; Allen, Douglas K; Bazzani, Susanna; Charusanti, Pep; Chen, Feng-Chi; Fleming, Ronan M T; Hsiung, Chao A; De Keersmaecker, Sigrid C J; Liao, Yu-Chieh; Marchal, Kathleen; Mo, Monica L; Özdemir, Emre; Raghunathan, Anu; Reed, Jennifer L; Shin, Sook-il; Sigurbjörnsdóttir, Sara; Steinmann, Jonas; Sudarsan, Suresh; Swainston, Neil; Thijs, Inge M; Zengler, Karsten; Palsson, Bernhard O; Adkins, Joshua N; Bumann, Dirk

    2011-01-18

    Metabolic reconstructions (MRs) are common denominators in systems biology and represent biochemical, genetic, and genomic (BiGG) knowledge-bases for target organisms by capturing currently available information in a consistent, structured manner. Salmonella enterica subspecies I serovar Typhimurium is a human pathogen, causes various diseases and its increasing antibiotic resistance poses a public health problem. Here, we describe a community-driven effort, in which more than 20 experts in S. Typhimurium biology and systems biology collaborated to reconcile and expand the S. Typhimurium BiGG knowledge-base. The consensus MR was obtained starting from two independently developed MRs for S. Typhimurium. Key results of this reconstruction jamboree include i) development and implementation of a community-based workflow for MR annotation and reconciliation; ii) incorporation of thermodynamic information; and iii) use of the consensus MR to identify potential multi-target drug therapy approaches. Taken together, with the growing number of parallel MRs a structured, community-driven approach will be necessary to maximize quality while increasing adoption of MRs in experimental design and interpretation.

  2. Air Leadership in Joint/Combined Operations: LT. General George E. Stratemeyer of the Eastern Air Command, 1943-1945

    Science.gov (United States)

    1999-06-01

    84th Sq “ (after Jan. 30) Dohazari 169th Wing (RAF Argatala 27th Sq Beaufighter Argatala 177th Sq “ Fenni 252nd Sq “ (To be activated by Jan. 30) 243rd...Wing (RAF) Fenni 11th Sq Hurricane IIC (F/B) Lalmai 60th Sq “ (F/B) Argatala 123rd Sq “ Fenni 76 134th Sq “ Parashuram 168th Wing (RAF) (221 Gp

  3. Partei tuhandete ja enda kommiraha eest 462 häält / Anna-Maria Galojan ; interv. Rainer Kerge

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Galojan, Anna-Maria, 1982-

    2007-01-01

    Intervjuu parlamendivalimistel osalenud politoloogiamagistrant Anna-Maria Galojaniga tema osalemisest valimistel. Vt. samas: Kes on Anna-Maria Galojan? Küsimustele vastab Reformierakonna kampaaniajuht Arto Aas

  4. Long-term Cerec 3D chairside bridges milled from IPS e.max CAD LT blocks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneider, Oliver

    The experienced Cerec user can manufacture high-quality, esthetic anterior and posterior bridges from IPS e.max CAD in a manageable 3-hour chairside session. On the basis of over 8 years of experience, it can be said that these restorations are clinically very well proven, provided they are used within the range of recommended indications. Experimental retainer bridges with extensions can be seen as highly interesting alternatives, although more clinical data are required for further confirmation.

  5. How close to ideal is the photon gas? Corrections to Planck's laws at kT much-lt me

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Barton, G.

    1991-01-01

    At temperatures well below the electron rest mass, the electron-positron concentrations in black-body radiation (BBR) are negligible, and deviations from Planck's laws are due to the photon-photon coupling described (in natural units) by the classic Euler-Heisenberg local interaction Lagrangean density (α 2 /360π 2 m e 4 )[(E 2 -B 2 ) 2 +7(E·B) 2 ]. Though unobservably small, these corrections answer the question in the title. They are best expressed in terms of the (frequency-independent) shift in the refractive index κ = (1+Δκ) of BBR, where Δκ = α 2 (kT/m e ) 4 44π 2 /2025 ∼ 7.5 x 10 -35 (T/300) 4 . There are fractional changes of 3 Δκ/2 in the free-energy density and the pressure; 7 Δκ/2 in the energy density; and 2 Δκ in the mean-square electric field in any frequency range, whence only the intensity of the Planck spectrum is shifted but not its shape. The dielectric constant var-epsilon = (1 + Δ var-epsilon) and magnetic susceptibility μ = (1 + Δμ) of BBR are equal, with Δ var-epsilon = Δμ = Δκ, whence the author compares the BBR shifts with those in an ordinary linear nondispersive medium having var-epsilon = μ = κ triple-bond √εμ

  6. Lægers kirurgiske færdigheder målt ved brug af »Operation«-simulatoren

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lundsgaard, Rune Sarauw; Klausen, Tobias Wirenfeldt; Ryge, Camilla Hasselbalch

    2017-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to test the surgical abilities between orthopaedic surgeons and anaesthetists on a surgical simulator intended for children. METHODS: The study was a prospective comparative study with 31 consultant or specialist grade medical doctors: 15 orthopaedic surgeons...... and 16 anaesthetists. The speed and failure rate when removing foreign bodies on a surgical simulator was measured. RESULTS: There was no statistically significant difference in speed and failure rate between orthopaedic surgeons and anaesthetists, when they were working on the simulator. Anaesthetists...... demonstrated statistically significant more body movement and more use of foul language doing the simulation, and they were more willing to read the written instruction but less likely to follow it. CONCLUSION: Anaesthetists may be just as handy as orthopaedic surgeons but should be given more physical...

  7. Az LGI1-encephalitis hazánkban elsőként diagnosztizált esete

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Szőts, Mónika; Marton, Annamária; Illés, Zsolt

    2015-01-01

    In the recent years, it has been increasingly recognised that in a group of limbic encephalitis antibodies are directed against the scaffolding protein LGI1 (Leucine-rich glioma inactivated 1), which is part of the voltage gated potassium channel (VGKC) complex on neural synapses. Patients present...

  8. Inlärning och öppet-fält aktivitet hos förskolebarn

    OpenAIRE

    Lompolo, Annica; Stenqvist, Josefina

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to analyze the impact of learning on open-field activity among pre-school children varying from 3 to 5 years old. Altogether 25 children, 13 girls and 12 boys, entered the test from three different preschools in Dalarna. Six of these children represented the control group. The children were asked to learn 2 tasks, 1 visual memory task and 1 spatial constructing-kit task. Before, between and after the tasks, the children were allowed to move freely in the open fie...

  9. RoRo-LT: social routing with next-place prediction from self-assessment of spatiotemporal routines

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Türkes, Okan; Scholten, Johan; Havinga, Paul J.M.

    2013-01-01

    Current trend in store-carry-forward fashioned opportunistic networks is towards utilizing social ties in communities. However, keeping social knowledge/network information up-to-date is a non-trivial task due to ever-changing dynamics such as mobility and other human behavior. Therefore,

  10. 'When You Get a Job to Do, Do It.' The Airpower Leadership of Lt Gen William H. Tunner

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Hanson, David S

    2008-01-01

    .... This thesis draws upon current Air Force leadership doctrine and propose an Air Force Leadership framework with which to assess the relationships between personal experience, leadership competencies...

  11. A community effort towards a knowledge-base and mathematical model of the human pathogen Salmonella Typhimurium LT2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thiele, Ines; Hyduke, Daniel R.; Steeb, Benjamin; Fankam, Guy; Allen, Douglas K.; Bazzani, Susanna; Charusanti, Pep; Chen, Feng-Chi; Fleming, Ronan MT; Hsiung, Chao A.; De Keersmaecker, Sigrid CJ; Liao, Yu-Chieh; Marchal, Kathleen; Mo, Monica L.; Özdemir, Emre; Raghunathan, Anu; Reed, Jennifer L.; Shin, Sook-Il; Sigurbjörnsdóttir, Sara; Steinmann, Jonas; Sudarsan, Suresh; Swainston, Neil; Thijs, Inge M.; Zengler, Karsten; Palsson, Bernhard O.; Adkins, Joshua N.; Bumann, Dirk

    2011-01-01

    Metabolic reconstructions (MRs) are common denominators in systems biology and represent biochemical, genetic, and genomic (BiGG) knowledge-bases for target organisms by capturing currently available information in a consistent, structured manner. Salmonella enterica subspecies I serovar Typhimurium is a human pathogen, causes various diseases and its increasing antibiotic resistance poses a public health problem. Here, we describe a community-driven effort, in which more than 20 experts in S. Typhimurium biology and systems biology collaborated to reconcile and expand the S. Typhimurium BiGG knowledge-base. The consensus MR was obtained starting from two independently developed MRs for S. Typhimurium. Key results of this reconstruction jamboree include i) development and implementation of a community-based workflow for MR annotation and reconciliation; ii) incorporation of thermodynamic information; and iii) use of the consensus MR to identify potential multi-target drug therapy approaches. Finally, taken together, with the growing number of parallel MRs a structured, community-driven approach will be necessary to maximize quality while increasing adoption of MRs in experimental design and interpretation.

  12. Economic Education Experiences of Enterprising Teachers. Volume 31.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nappi, Andrew T., Ed.

    This book describes award-winning teacher-developed projects and courses in economics. The reports are condensed versions of the original projects and are divided into grade levels. Primary Level includes: "Primary Pickle People Packed a Peck of Pickle Economics" (Karen L. Cragg; Katherine J. Van Horn); "Fabulous Economics" (Elizabeth B.…

  13. American Pain Society

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Christopher King Jennifer Lee Kimberly Sibille Shivani Ruparel Steve Davidson Claudia Campbell Jennifer DeBerry Tim Doyle Adam ... Resources Early Career Advisory Group Members Early Career Job Board ECAG Application About Us Who's Who in ...

  14. 77 FR 48538 - Notice of Inventory Completion: State Historical Society of Wisconsin, Madison, WI

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-14

    ... Historical Society of Wisconsin at the address below by September 13, 2012. ADDRESSES: Jennifer Kolb... Indian tribe that believes it satisfies the criteria in 43 CFR 10.11(c)(1) should contact Jennifer Kolb...

  15. Freuds kvindelige bipersoner

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, Jacob

    2014-01-01

    Anm. af Groce Smilevski: "Freuds søster" og Karen Mack og Jennifer Kaufman: "Freuds elskerinde"......Anm. af Groce Smilevski: "Freuds søster" og Karen Mack og Jennifer Kaufman: "Freuds elskerinde"...

  16. 77 FR 39899 - Technical Corrections

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-06

    ..., 2012. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Jennifer Borges, Rules, Announcements, and Directives Branch..., Washington, DC 20555-0001, telephone: 301-492-3675, email: Jennifer.Borges@nrc.gov . ADDRESSES: Please refer...

  17. Some in Saskatchewan Find The Cochrane Library Useful after Promotion, Access and Training Efforts. A review of: Forbes, Dorothy, Christine Neilson, Janet Bangma, Jennifer Forbes, Daniel Fuller, and Shari Furniss. “Saskatchewan Residents’ Use of The Cochrane Library.” Partnership: the Canadian Journal of Library and Information Practice and Research 2.2 (2007.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shandra Protzko

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective – To evaluate the use of The Cochrane Library by librarians, health care providers and consumers in the Canadian province of Saskatchewan. Design – Volunteer telephone interviews and surveys of training participants at multiple time points; usage statistics.Setting – Saskatchewan.Subjects – Ninety-four volunteers participated in the study. Participants were self-selected from approximately 300 health practitioners and 100 public library staff attending training sessions, located primarily in rural areas. The majority of public library staff who attended training sessions were not professional librarians, although 31.5% of the study participants were librarians. Nurses made up the next largest group (16.3%, followed by therapists (7.6%, library support staff (5.4%,pharmacists (4.3%, physicians (3.3%, other health care providers (20.7%, and other (9.8%. Most were 40-65 years of age (71.6%and female (92.4%.Methods – Forty-six training sessions were provided upon request between October 2004 and December 2006. Attendees wereinvited to participate in the study. Telephone interviews were conducted at three, six, nine, and twelve months following training sessions. Demographic information and data on the use of andsatisfaction with The Cochrane Library were collected. Additionally, monthly statistics were tracked by Wiley-Blackwell for user sessions, number of searches, and the number of full-text articles and abstracts visited.Main Results – Telephone interviews revealed that 65.2% of participants had accessed The Cochrane Library at three months; 64.2% had at six months. At nine months access dropped to 45.2%. At twelve months only 27.4% of participants reported using the resource. Of those who used The Cochrane Library, 16.4% reported at the three month interview that it was not helpful. This number decreased at six months (11.6%, nine months (7.7% and twelve months (11.8%. 57.5% of respondents claimed to have learned something from The Cochrane Library, although a few (11.1%reported that the information found had no impact. Others reported that the knowledge gained confirmed their beliefs (26.1%and/or helped in decision-making (32.6%. No time points were reported for the data collected about the use and helpfulness of information found in The Cochrane Library. Three-year data from Wiley-Blackwell showed that The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews was most frequently accessed (abstracts=26,016; full texts=15,934. The Cochrane Central Register was accessed5,640 times and Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects was accessed 1,612 times. Periods of low usage corresponded withsummer and Christmas breaks. The type of search strategy used was tracked; the authors note that an emphasis on MeSH during training between October 2004 and December 2006 corresponded with the higher number of MeSH searches during the same time period. Participants reported using The Cochrane Library in response topatron requests, to prepare educational materials, and to support health care policy and practice changes. Reasons for not using The Cochrane Library included lack of time, limited access to the Internet, forgetting how to find and use the Web site, and disappointment with the content.Conclusion – Since the fall of 2004, The Cochrane Library has been promoted and made available free of charge to all Saskatchewan residents. Usage fluctuates during the year, with less use during the summer and winter holidays; it is reasonable to presume that students use The Cochrane Library during the academic school year. Most telephone interviewees who used The Cochrane Library reported that it was somewhat to very helpful; this number increased slightly over time while the number of respondents who used the resource fell measurably over twelve months. In other words, those who continued to use The Cochrane Library over time were more likely to report a higher level of satisfaction with the resource. Interviews indicated how librarians used The Cochrane Library, why they do or do not use the resource, and their level of satisfaction. The study revealed less about how others, such as practitioners or consumers, use the resource. Based on the limits of the telephone interviews, follow-up studies should try to capture more detailed usage data to describe the attributes of those who do and do not use The Cochrane Library. The authors note that additional data collected through online surveys or the Wiley-Blackwell website could help determine how to sustain use of the resource.

  18. Production of Escherichia coli heat labile toxin (LT) B subunit in soybean seed and analysis of its immunogenicity as an oral vaccine

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Moravec, Tomáš; Schmidt, M.A.; Herman, E.M.; Woodford-Thomas, T.

    2007-01-01

    Roč. 25, - (2007), s. 1647-1657 ISSN 0264-410X Grant - others:Marie Curie Fellowship(XE) MOIF CT 2005-008692 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z50380511 Keywords : Microbial toxin * Plant-based vaccines * Transgenic soybean seed Subject RIV: EB - Genetics ; Molecular Biology Impact factor: 3.377, year: 2007

  19. „Ein Kunstwerk enthält nicht die geringste Information“. Deleuze, Guattari und die zeitgenössische Kunst

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephen Zepke

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Deleuzes und Guattaris Zurückweisung der Konzeptkunst ist allgemein bekannt und passt so garnicht zur derzeitigen Hegemonie der “post-konzeptionellen” Kunstpraktiken. Genauso unpassend erscheint Deleuzes ontologische und politische Abneigung gegen die Photographie, die „Schnappschüsse“ oder Repräsentationen des Werdens liefert, indem sie Klischeebilder unmittelbar in unserer Gehirne pflanzt, die dann unsere Handlungen und Reaktionen kontrollieren, indem sie uns der Fähigkeit zum kreativen Denken berauben. In Cinema 2 weitet Deleuze diese Argumentation auf das neue “elektronische Bild” aus das, wie auch die Konzeptkunst, die Ebene der Komposition in eine „Schneidetischebene“ oder einen „Bildschirm“ verwandelt, welche Informationen und mit ihnen unsere zu Schnittstellen gewordenen Gehirne einfach nur formatieren. Heutzutage werden Konzeptpraktiken, Photographie und digitale Technologien von der zeitgenössischen Kunst als selbstverständlich angesehen, die auch fröhlich „D&G“ anwendet. Doch verdienen Deleuzes und Guattaris Gedanken nicht eine kritischere Würdigung? Braucht es nicht eine kleinere Kriegsmaschine? Wie sähe die aus im Falle der zeitgenössischen Kunstpraktiken? Unter den diversen Möglichkeiten untersucht der vorliegende Text die sublimen Verzweigungen einer Deuleuzeschen Vorstellung des “Denkens” sowie dessen Position als des „immanent Äußeren“ der post-konzeptionellen Richtung der Kunst

  20. Inhibition of Binding of the AB5-Type Enterotoxins LT-I and Cholera Toxin to Ganglioside GM1 by Galactose-Rich Dietary Components

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Becker, P.M.; Widjaja-Greefkes, H.C.A.; Wikselaar, van P.G.

    2010-01-01

    Cholera, travelers' diarrhea, or colibacillosis in pigs can possibly be prevented or attenuated by dietary provision of competitive inhibitors that react with the GM1-binding sites of the enterotoxins cholera toxin (CT), human Escherichia coli heat-labile enterotoxin of serogroup I (LTh-I), and

  1. LT-STM/STS observation of definite superconducting gap states on the multistage crystal surface of Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+x

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Murakami, Hironaru; Aoki, Ryozo

    1996-01-01

    Low temperature STM/STS observations have been carried out on cleaved BSCCO crystal surfaces. The authors have succeeded in detection of a special layer, probably a CuO 2 or Ca layer exposed on the surface. The STS spectrum which was reproducibly observed on this special site shows a considerably anisotropic but distinct superconducting gap structure with a definite and flat gap bottom region. This gap structure shows significantly different characteristic from another gap structure observed on the BiO layer, which shows a rounded shape at the gap bottom region without any indication of a finite gap state

  2. İşletmelerde Etiksel Karar Almada Kültürün Rolü(The Role of Culture In Enterprises’ Ethical Decision Making

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Canan AY

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Culture is one of the most important determinants of business managers’ ethical behaviors. Cross-Cultural studies reveal that culture influences individuals’ ethical perceptions, attitudes and behaviors. Based on the studies evaluating the relationship between ethical attitudes and cultural typology devised by Hofstede, this study tries to ascertain the relationship between Turkish business managers’ ethical attitudes and Turkish culture via Hofstede’s cultural dimensions. In addition to the above mentioned relationship, the relationships between ethical attitudes and some variables such as gender, age, educational level, sector and respondent’s department have been examined. This study was conducted with the managers of the companies listed on Istanbul Chamber of Industry’s 500 Major Industrialist Enterprises of Turkey in the year 2003 and important results have been attained.

  3. Pıtrak (Xanthium strumariumL.) Bitkisinin Kültüre Alınma Potansiyelinin İncelenmesi

    OpenAIRE

    CESUR, Cüneyt; ÇOŞGE ŞENKAL, Belgün

    2016-01-01

    ÖZET: Asteraceae familyasına ait olan pıtrak (Xanthium strumarium L. - sinonomi X. sibiricum) dünyanın birçok bölgesinde görülen çok yaygın bir yabancı ottur. Bitki tek yıllık olup, 1.0-3.5 cm uzunluğunda kahverengi, sert, odunumsu meyveleri çengel şeklinde dikenlidir. Her bir meyve iki tohum içermektedir. Bazı tıbbi özelliklere sahip olan bitki geleneksel tıpta kullanılmaktadır. Ayrıca, yapılan araştırmalar bitkinin anti-ülserojenik, anti-inflamatuar, idrar söktürücü, antifungal gibi biyoloj...

  4. Resolving the locus of cAsE aLtErNaTiOn effects in visual word recognition: Evidence from masked priming.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perea, Manuel; Vergara-Martínez, Marta; Gomez, Pablo

    2015-09-01

    Determining the factors that modulate the early access of abstract lexical representations is imperative for the formulation of a comprehensive neural account of visual-word identification. There is a current debate on whether the effects of case alternation (e.g., tRaIn vs. train) have an early or late locus in the word-processing stream. Here we report a lexical decision experiment using a technique that taps the early stages of visual-word recognition (i.e., masked priming). In the design, uppercase targets could be preceded by an identity/unrelated prime that could be in lowercase or alternating case (e.g., table-TABLE vs. crash-TABLE; tAbLe-TABLE vs. cRaSh-TABLE). Results revealed that the lowercase and alternating case primes were equally effective at producing an identity priming effect. This finding demonstrates that case alternation does not hinder the initial access to the abstract lexical representations during visual-word recognition. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  5. TV Dizileri Yoluyla Yeniden Üretilen Tüketim Kültürü / The Re-produced Consumption Culture by TV Series

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nesrin Kula

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available “Tüketme” terimi “tahrip etmek, harcamak, israf etmek, bitirmek” anlamlarını taşımaktadır. Jean Baudrillard ise, tüketimi kodlar ve kurallarla düzenlenmiş bir göstergeler sistemi olarak tanımlamaktadır. Tüketim tarzları kişilerin kimliklerinin birer unsuru haline gelmektedir. Özneler kimliklerini ifade etmek amacıyla metaları kullanmakta ve kişilerin toplum içindeki statüsü tükettikleri ile ölçülür hale gelmektedir. TV dizileri de, bireylere tüketilecek sonsuz nesneler yoluyla oluşturulacak yaşam tarzları ile ilgili bilgiler vermektedir. Çalışmada, seçilen on dizide üretilen anlam dünyası, yeniden üretilen tüketim ideolojisi ve oluşturulan kadın ve erkek rol modelleri çözümlenmektir. The Re-produced Consumption Culture by TV Series The concept of consumption means ‘to destroy, spend, waste or finish something’. Jean Baudrillard describes the consumption as a semiotic system regulated of codes and rules. Consumption styles are nowadays becoming an element of people’s identity. Individuals use the commodities to express their identities and therefore the status of people in the community being measured according to what they consume. Meanwhile many TV series provides information to individuals about lifestyles to be created by infinite items consumed. This study analyzes the mindset created in ten selected TV series and the re-produced ideology of consumption as well as the presented role models for women and men in them.

  6. Deri Doku Mühendisliği Amaçlı Üç Boyutlu Biyobaskı ve Keratinosit Kültürü

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aylin Şendemir Ürkmez

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Inthisstudy, production of a printablebio-ink (cell-hydrogelmixture, and bioprinting of keratinocytes were aimed. Cell proliferation, viability, distribution and morphology were evaluated within the epidermis-likehydrogels. Methods: Keratinocytes from epidermis layer,that is the upperlayer of skin tissue, wereused. Human keratinocyte cellline (HS2 that had been characterized before we resuspen ded with indifferent hydrogels (gelatin, alginate, chitosan and the irmixtures to obtain the most suitable hydrogel for bioprinting. Bioprinted skin tissues were tested by MTT assay for viability analysis; and hematoxylin- eosin staining was performed for determination of cell distribution and morphology 1, 4 and 7 days after the beginning of the culture. Results: Accordingtothe MTT results, cellviabilitywasabove 50% of that of control 2-dimensional cultures. MTT results areindic ative of cell attachment and viability within the hydrogel structure. The resulting cell-laden polymeric hydrogel constructs were determined to be suitable for histological cross-sectioning, and hematoxylin/eosin histological staining indicated that cells were distributed homogenously within the hydrogels; and they retained their viability. Conclusion: It was shown that epidermis-like tissues were successfully produced using 3D bioprinting, and keratinocytes were able to attach the hydrogels and retain their viability. The se hydrogel bioinks have the potential for skin tissue engineering applications, and particularly in fast and personalized treatment of burns in dermislayer.

  7. The Effect of Common Inversion Polymorphisms In(2L)t and In(3R)Mo on Patterns of Transcriptional Variation in Drosophila melanogaster.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lavington, Erik; Kern, Andrew D

    2017-11-06

    Chromosomal inversions are a ubiquitous feature of genetic variation. Theoretical models describe several mechanisms by which inversions can drive adaptation and be maintained as polymorphisms. While inversions have been shown previously to be under selection, or contain genetic variation under selection, the specific phenotypic consequences of inversions leading to their maintenance remain unclear. Here we use genomic sequence and expression data from the Drosophila Genetic Reference Panel (DGRP) to explore the effects of two cosmopolitan inversions, In ( 2L ) t and In ( 3R ) Mo , on patterns of transcriptional variation. We demonstrate that each inversion has a significant effect on transcript abundance for hundreds of genes across the genome. Inversion-affected loci (IAL) appear both within inversions as well as on unlinked chromosomes. Importantly, IAL do not appear to be influenced by the previously reported genome-wide expression correlation structure. We found that five genes involved with sterol uptake, four of which are Niemann-Pick Type 2 orthologs, are upregulated in flies with In ( 3R ) Mo but do not have SNPs in linkage disequilibrium (LD) with the inversion. We speculate that this upregulation is driven by genetic variation in mod ( mdg4 ) that is in LD with In ( 3R ) Mo We find that there is little evidence for a regional or position effect of inversions on gene expression at the chromosomal level, but do find evidence for the distal breakpoint of In ( 3R ) Mo interrupting one gene and possibly disassociating the two flanking genes from regulatory elements. Copyright © 2017 Lavington and Kern.

  8. Juhan Parts : tahan kuulda terve mõistusega ettevõtjate häält / Juhan Parts ; interv. Igor Rõtov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Parts, Juhan, 1966-

    2004-01-01

    Peaminister Juhan Parts oma ootustest ettevõtjate suhtes ning valitsuse võimalustest ettevõtluse toetamiseks, oma suhetest ettevõtluse ja investeerimisega, Eesti maksusüsteemi, riigieelarve ja tulumaksu alandamisega seonduvast. Lisa: Küsimused saalist

  9. Kişi-Kültür Uyumunun Kariyer Planlaması Üzerindeki Etkileri = The Effects of “Employee-Culture Harmony” on Career Planning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Uğur ZEL

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available The research aims to find the harmony between the newly employed employee’s personality characteristics and organizational culture. These variables may also be effective on employee’s career choice (Boundaryless Career, multifaceted carreer. It is considered that if the organization directs these newly employed personnel on their career route, their job satisfaction, job involvement and intention to stay at job will be effected in a positive way. In this respect, a survey has been made among the employees who were employed within last five years to determine their personal and career choices in İzmir Postal Telephone and Telegraph (PTT operation. The results are quite impressive. The new employees believe that İzmir Postal Telephone and Telegraph (PTT operation has a hierarchical structure. However, even though they accept the organization as a hierarchical structure they argue that it should turn into “Market or Adhocracy Culture”. The majority of the sample are “target-oriented” people and they prefer to fallow “multifaceted career”.

  10. Etablering, afprøvning, evaluering og implementering af High Fidelity patientsimulationsundervisning på Sygeplejerskeuddannelsen i Odense, University College Lillebælt, UCL, 2013

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gram, Dorte Truelsen

    2013-01-01

    . Four students were active and four were observing. One teacher acted relative and one teacher made voices to both the mannequin and the doctor. Then we had a reflection-session using inspiration from the method: Advocacy and Inquiry. Finally four focus group interviews were used to examine students......' attitudes to the method. Methods: Four focus group interviews were used to examine students' attitudes to the method. The interviews took place at the end of the last simulation and all the students were active according to their attitudes and assessments’ of the simulation. The interviews were recorded......, transcribed and written down with respect for their pitches, breaks etc. and results were found. Results: Most of the students found that they learned a lot from patient simulation - they became more secure, they were able to fill in the gap between theory and practice and some of the students were convinced...

  11. Estudo epidemiológico sobre Leishmaniose tegumentar (LT no município de Corguinho, Mato Grosso do Sul: estudos na população humana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vânia Lúcia B. Nunes

    1995-09-01

    Full Text Available Com o objetivo de se conhecer a prevalência da infecção por leishmaniose tegumentar americana, e caracterização da população atingida, em área de transmissão recente, na localidade de Boa Sorte, município de Corguinho, MS, procedeu-se ao estudo, no período de março/91 a março/94, tia população residente, compreendendo 150 habitantes. Destes, 12 apresentavam lesões suspeitas de leishmaniose tegumentar. Em 8 deles foi possível a confirmação por meio de exames parasitológicos. Apenas um paciente apresentou a forma mucosa, os demais manifestaram as formas cutâneas, sendo: ulcerada (3, úlcero-verrucosa (1, úlcero- vegetante (1, placa-infiltrada (1 e lesão nodular com exuberante adenopatia regional (1. Os pacientes responderam bem ao tratamento com antimoniato de N-metil- glucamina (glucantime, 10 a 20mg Sbv/kg/dia durante 20 dias, com cicatrização das lesões e raros efeitos colaterais. O parasito isolado de todos os pacientes foi identificado como Leishmania (Viannia braziliensis, através de anticorpos monoclonais. O teste de Montenegro aplicado em 150 moradores revelou 32 reagentes. Destes, 6 eram portadores da doença, 21 mostraram seqüelas sugestivas da parasitose e 5 não apresentaram sitiais da infecção. A faixa etária atingida pela parasitose compreendia de 22 a 78 anos com predomínio de homens (75%. A transmissão até o momento revelou-se de caráter extradomiciliar.A study on the resident population of 150 inhabitants of Boa Sorte in the Municipality of Corguinho, Mato Grosso do Sul State, Brazil was made, from March 1991 to March 1994, to establish the prevalence of South American Cutaneous Leishmaniasis (SACL, and to characterize the affected population, in an area of recent transmission. Twelve of the inhabitants showed lesions suspected to be SACL, and in 8 cases it was possible to confirm this by biopsy and parasitology. The mucosal form was found in one patient only, the rest showed the following cutaneous forms: ulcerated (3, ulcero-verrucose (1, hyperkeratotic ulcer (1, infiltrated maccule (1, nodule with florid regional adenopathy (1. All patients reacted favorably to treatment with glucantime, with lesion scarring. Side-effects were rare. The parasite isolated from all patients was identified as Leishmania (Viannia braziliensis. The Montenegro skin test, applied to the 150 inhabitants, showed 32 reactive ones. Of these, six were carriers of the disease, 21 showed sequelae suggestive of the disease and five showed no signs of infection. The age grouping of the cohort ranged from 22 to 78 years, 75% being male. To date, transmission is suspected to be in the peridomicile.

  12. Sağlıklı Beslenmede Türk Mutfak Kültürünün Yeri

    OpenAIRE

    ERTAŞ, Yasemin; GEZMEN-KARADAĞ, Makbule

    2013-01-01

    Turkish cuisine is one of the well-known three cuisines in the world with Chinese and French cuisine. The combination of meat and fermented products from Central Asia, cereals from Mesopotamia, vegetables and fruits from Mediterranean and spices from South Asia has created a rich food culture. With Islam, meats of some animals such as pig, donkey and frog are prohibited in Turkish cuisine. Today in Turkey, consumption of grains and grain products comes first place and consumption of vegetable...

  13. Vapauden merkitys - vapauden käsitteen sisältö liberalismin historiasta nykypäivään

    OpenAIRE

    ROMAKKANIEMI, JUHO

    2011-01-01

    Tutkielma käsittelee vapaus -käsitteen erilaisia merkityksiä ja tulkintoja liberalismin historiasta  nykykeskusteluun. Tarkoituksena on jäljittää nykyaikaisen yhteiskuntafilosofisen keskustelun vapauskäsitteen juuret klassisesta liberalismista lähtien sekä tuoda esille liberalismin kehityksen myötä tulleita uusia määrittelyjä ja näkökulmia käsitteeseen. Tutkielman aihetta lähestytään liberalismin syntyyn ja kehitykseen voimakkaasti vaikuttaneiden filosofien ajatuksiin paneutumalla. Samall...

  14. Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings Held in Boston, Massachusetts on 4-6 December 1991. Low Temperature (LT) GaAs and Related Materials. Volume 241.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-09-14

    Phys. Rev. Letts., 58, 1987, p2 567. 4. Ypong-Eon Him, N.Otsuka. J.Kleni and Il~lorkoc .ppl. Phy3s. L.ett., 51. 1987, p20 13. .5. Akiko Gomiyo...559-563, June 1978. , - I I I II III ~ ll I I I IIIIfa 198 131 R. Yamamoto , A. Higashisaka, and F. Hasegawa. "Light Emission and Burnout...Appl. Phys. Left. 58, 65 (1991), and references therein. 4. H. Yamamoto , Z. Fang, and D. Look, Appl. Phys. Lett. 5Z, 1537 (1990), and references

  15. ltürel Turistlerin Seyahat Tercihleri ve Yiyecek-İçecek Beklentileri: Safranbolu Örneği

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yrd. Doç. Dr. Nurettin AYAZ

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Learning the experiences, which result from the meeting of the customers with the food and beverage related with tourism theme, is an important factor that shapes customer satisfaction levels and their revisit. Additionally, due to the personal traits of the customers and their different demands, food and beverage service has been one of the services with the lowest customer satisfaction. This study tests the relationship between the travel preferences of the domestic tourists that engage in cultural tourism and their expectations about food and beverage. Within this context, we analyzed data obtained from the domestic visitors, which visited the district of Safranbolu, a city that is a piece of the world heritage by the UNESCO and an important cultural tourism destination in Turkey. We obtained data by using survey on 391 tourists between February and June 2016. The study found that hygiene, service presentation, quality of food, and the atmosphere of the saloon were determined as the expectations of the domestic tourists about the food and beverage services, respectively. Furthermore, correlation analysis on the relationship between the traveling preferences of the domestic tourists and their expectations on the food and beverage preferences found medium level (r=0,566; p=0,000 and positive meaningful relationship.

  16. First operation and performance of a 200 lt double phase LAr LEM-TPC with a 40x76 $\\cm^2$ readout

    CERN Document Server

    Badertscher, A; Degunda, U; Epprecht, L; Gendotti, A; Horikawa, S; Knecht, L; Natterer, D Lussi G; Nguyen, K; Resnati, F; Rubbia, A; Viant, T

    2013-01-01

    In this paper we describe the design, construction, and operation of a first large area double-phase liquid argon Large Electron Multiplier Time Projection Chamber (LAr LEM-TPC). The detector has a maximum drift length of 60 cm and the readout consists of a $40\\times 76$ cm$^2$ LEM and 2D projective anode to multiply and collect drifting charges. Scintillation light is detected by means of cryogenic PMTs positioned below the cathode. To record both charge and light signals, we have developed a compact acquisition system, which is scalable up to ton-scale detectors with thousands of charge readout channels. The acquisition system, as well as the design and the performance of custom-made charge sensitive preamplifiers, are described. The complete experimental setup has been operated for a first time during a period of four weeks at CERN in the cryostat of the ArDM experiment, which was equipped with liquid and gas argon purification systems. The detector, exposed to cosmic rays, recorded events with a single-ch...

  17. Bir Yolsuzluk Türünün Sosyo-Kültürel Çözümlenmesi, Rüşvet

    OpenAIRE

    Gürsoy, Şahin

    2001-01-01

    Bribe is an important kind of malpractice which is in connection with public. It has psychological, socio-terapsyshic, cultural and economic comprehension. It is possible to find bribe nearly all society but it is more wide spread in developing and undevelopicıal societies. It may be sad that public employer sells public authority to sameone who bribes for his stoke. There is bribe potential nearly all establishment and social organisation. Social tissue has a serious part in running level an...

  18. Improved endothelial function and lipid profile compensate for impaired hemostatic and inflammatory status in iatrogenic chronic subclinical hyperthyroidism of thyroid cancer patients on L-t4 therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gazdag, A; Nagy, E V; Burman, K D; Paragh, G; Jenei, Z

    2010-06-01

    We aimed to compare the changes of endothelial function and haemostatic, inflammatory and metabolic parameters of short-term iatrogenic hypothyroidism to the characteristics of subclinical hyperthyroidism in patients with differentiated thyroid cancer. Twenty four women (mean age 42.4+/-8.1 years) had undergone total thyroidectomy and radioiodine ablation in treatment for differentiated thyroid cancer. We measured serum thyroglobulin, thyroid function, plasma levels of lipid parameters, homocystine, C-reactive protein, fibrinogen, von Willebrandt factor activity (vWF), nitric oxide, as well as flow-mediated vasodilatation (FMD) and nitroglycerin-mediated vasodilatation of the brachial artery during iatrogenic hypothyroidism (TSH 89.82+/-29.36 mU/L) and again in the same patients during subclinical hyperthyroidism secondary to exogenous levothyroxine administration (TSH 0.24+/-0.11 mU/L). In hypothyroidism, FMD was markedly lower than in subclinical hyperthyroidism (6.79+/-4.44 vs. 14.37+/-8.33%, phyperthyroidism was associated with improved endothelial function and lipid profile, while haemostatic and inflammatory parameters were impaired. The two opposite mechanisms may well compensate for each other at the level of the vessel wall. (c) J. A. Barth Verlag in Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart, New York.

  19. Sosyo-Kültürel Hayatta Din (Mersin’de Tarım ve Sanayi İşçisi Kesimleri

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramazan Karaman

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available With in this investigation, the dimension of influnence on religion and community of industrialisation that has been happening with the transition from agriculture to industry. The incident of industrialisation that has universal qualityn has been seached as comparison of religious living in the sector of agriculture and industry Labour’s in Mersin. In the last part the solutions have been put forwart, commeting on the practical searching datas having taken related to the comparicon of religious living of the labour’s from agricultre and industrial sectors in Mersin. The community including the labours vorking in the sector of agriculture and industry with in the border of city centre of Mersin. Has been taken into consideration as an application area. In agricultural sector 358 persons, and in industrial sector 147 persons have been interviewed as fitting to a large scale of envirenment from the printed form we can apply on occosion that the enverimental border wouldn’t have been de termined because of the un certainty not only in industrial sector but in agricultural sector as well in our searching area. An interview form has been used, including 97 questions for this search. By this investigation it is aimed at finding out the dimension of changing in the sake of religion and social manner while transiting from agricultural sector to the industrious sector. In the first part of this the is the birth of industralisation and growing up and the influences on the commint in the world and in Turkey has taken in to consideration. In the second hart in the capasity and the framework of the agricultural sector and community in Turkey have been dwelled on.In the thirt part the conection badwen religion and industry has been explained. In the fourt the frame- work of the city center’s socio- economics

  20. 75 FR 73156 - The Amended Designation of Lashkar-e-Tayyiba (LT, LeT), aka Lashkar-e-Toiba, aka Lashkar-i-Taiba...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-29

    ..., Falah Insania, Welfare of Humanity, Humaniatarian Welfare Foundation, Human Welfare Foundation...-i-Insaniyat, Falah Insania, Welfare of Humanity, Humaniatarian Welfare Foundation, Human Welfare...

  1. Bir Yolsuzluk Türünün Sosyo-Kültürel Çözümlenmesi, Rüşvet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Şahin Gürsoy

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Bribe is an important kind of malpractice which is in connection with public. It has psychological, socio-terapsyshic, cultural and economic comprehension. It is possible to find bribe nearly all society but it is more wide spread in developing and undevelopicıal societies. It may be sad that public employer sells public authority to sameone who bribes for his stoke. There is bribe potential nearly all establishment and social organisation. Social tissue has a serious part in running level and taking shape of bribe

  2. Danske skolebørns BMI målt i perioden 1986/1987-1996/1997 sammenlignet med danske målinger fra 1971/1972

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Tove Anne-Grete; Rasmussen, Søren; Madsen, Mette

    2002-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: A global epidemic in overweight and obesity in children has been postulated. There is a lack of consensus over definitions however, and national standards of BMI centiles have been published in various countries. This has made results on the prevalence of overweight difficult...... from the age of 8 years in boys and 7 years in girls. The prevalence in overweight and obesity has increased. For 14-16-year-old boys, the average BMI was related to the educational level of the mother (negatively). DISCUSSION: The highest BMI centiles had especially increased. The proportion...

  3. Õigus õhtuti elusalt töölt koju jõuda püüti fotole / Agne Narusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Narusk, Agne, 1971-

    2011-01-01

    EU-OSHA üleeuroopalisest töötervishoiu ja -ohutuse teemalisest fotovõistlusest, mille võitis Krzysztof Maksymowicz (Poola) fotoga "Õmbleja". Noorteauhinna pälvis Pawel Ruda (Poola) tööga "Külm võileib"

  4. 78 FR 44596 - Notice of Inventory Completion: State Historical Society of Wisconsin, Madison, WI

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-24

    ... address in this notice by August 23, 2013. ADDRESSES: Jennifer Kolb, Wisconsin Historical Museum, 30 North Carroll Street, Madison, WI 53703, telephone (608) 261-2461, email Jennifer.Kolb@wisconsinhistory.org... request to Jennifer Kolb, Wisconsin Historical Museum, 30 North Carroll Street, Madison, WI 53703...

  5. 78 FR 48900 - Notice of Inventory Completion: State Historical Society of Wisconsin, Madison, WI

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-12

    .... ADDRESSES: Jennifer Kolb, Wisconsin Historical Museum, 30 North Carroll Street, Madison, WI 53703, telephone (608) 261-2461, email Jennifer.Kolb@wisconsinhistory.org . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Notice is here... request to Jennifer Kolb, Wisconsin Historical Museum, 30 North Carroll Street, Madison, WI 53703...

  6. Asociación de LT-CD4 y carga viral con candidiasis bucal en pacientes VIH/SIDA en Talca, Chile Association between LT-CD4 and the viral load with oral candidiasis in HIV/AIDS patients in Talca, Chile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Brevis Azocar

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available La candidiasis bucal aparece con frecuencia en las personas infectadas por el virus de la inmunodeficiencia humana (VIH y puede causar diversas manifestaciones clínicas y complicaciones. En los pacientes VIH la carga viral es considerada uno de los principales predictores en la progresión de la enfermedad. Se realizó un estudio en 29 pacientes adultos VIH-positivos para evaluar los niveles de linfocitos T-CD4 y carga viral; se estableció una relación con las manifestaciones de la candidiasis bucal. El análisis estadístico mostró que hubo relación entre la manifestación de la candidiasis bucal y la carga viral, pues en pacientes con cargas virales superiores a 10 000 copias/mL, las lesiones fueron más frecuentes.Oral candidiasis is frequently appearing in persons infected by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV and may to cause many clinical and complications manifestations. In HIV patients the viral load is considered one of the main predictors in disease progression. A study was conducted in 29 HIV-positive adult patients to assess the T-CD4 lymphocyte levels and the viral load establishing a relationship with oral candidiasis manifestations. The statistical analysis showed that there was a relationship between the oral candidiasis manifestation and the viral load since in patients with viral load higher than 10 000 copies/mL, lesions were more frequent.

  7. Güney-Batı Anadolu Bölgesindeki kızılçam (Pinus brutia Ten. kültür ormanlarında değişik silvikültürel uygulamalara göre artım ve büyüme ilişkileri

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Neşat Erkan

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Bu çalışma ile sıklık çağına gelmiş kızılçam ağaçlandırma alanlarında yapılacak değişik dozdaki ayıklamaların ve aralamaların, meşcere artım ve büyümesi üzerine olan etkilerinin incelenmesi amaçlanmıştır. Araştırma, 1982-2016 yılları arasında Kaş-Tekircik ve Eğirdir-Aşağı Narlı kızılçam ağaçlandırma alanı olmak üzere iki yerde yürütülmüştür. Rastlantı blokları deneme deseni kullanılmış; Kaş ve Eğirdir deneme alanlarında toplam 5 blok ve 35 parselden elde edilen veriler değerlendirilmiştir. Araştırmada aralama şiddeti işlem olarak; 1 kontrol, 2 mutedil aralama ve 3 şiddetli aralama şeklinde üç işlemli bir uygulama yapılmıştır. Deneme parsellerinde, kontrol parselleri hariç olmak üzere, 1990 ve 2004 yıllarında, meşcerenin ihtiyaç gösterdiği parsellerde ve düzeyde aralamalara devam edilmiştir. Araştırma sonucu; Meşcereye müdahale edilen parsellerde, 1985, 1990 ve 2004 yıllarında yapılan ölçme sonuçlarına göre Ortalama çapın, belirgin bir şekilde arttığını göstermiştir. Yine her iki yerde, toplam 5 blok üzerinden yapılan varyans analiz sonucunda, aralamaların göğüs yüzeyi ve kalan meşcere hacmi üzerinde p<0,05 anlamlılık düzeyinde etkili olduğu anlaşılmıştır. Parsellerde 44. yaşında, kalan meşcere hacmi için yapılan varyans analizi sonuçlarına göre, aralama şiddetinin kalan meşcere hacmi üzerinde etkili olduğu gözlenmiştir. Genel meşcere hacminin ise, yapılan istatistik analizler sonucunda p<0,05 anlamlılık düzeyinde, aralamalardan etkilenmediği sonucuna ulaşılmıştır. Sonuç olarak, kızılçam ormanlarında, işletme amaçları çerçevesinde, büyümeyi kaliteli gövdeler üzerinde toplamaya yönelik olarak, büyümenin hızlı olduğu genç yaşlarda, ekonomik açıdan da uygun olacağı düşüncesi ile müdahale sıklığını azaltmak ve bunun için de şiddetli aralama ile göğüs yüzeyinin %35-40’ının alınması şeklinde aralamanın yapılabileceği önerilebilir.

  8. Combined therapy with levothyroxine and liothyronine in two ratios, compared with levothyroxine monotherapy in primary hypothyroidism: a double-blind, randomized, controlled clinical trial

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Appelhof, Bente C.; Fliers, Eric; Wekking, Ellie M.; Schene, Aart H.; Huyser, Jochanan; Tijssen, Jan G. P.; Endert, Erik; van Weert, Henk C. P. M.; Wiersinga, Wilmar M.

    2005-01-01

    Controversy remains about the value of combined treatment with levothyroxine (LT4) and liothyronine (LT3), compared with LT4 alone in primary hypothyroidism. We compared combined treatment with LT4 and LT3 in a ratio of 5: 1 or 10: 1 with LT4 monotherapy. We conducted a double-blind, randomized,

  9. Palju alusetuid lubadusi / Erik Morna

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Morna, Erik, 1969-

    1999-01-01

    Heliplaatidest : Stina Nordenstam : People are strange ; Mariah Carey : 1'S ; Muusika filmist ja filmist inspireeritud muusika : Psycho ; Erinevad gershwinistid : Red Hot + Rhapsody ; Jennifer Rush : Classics

  10. Pop / Mart Niineste

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Niineste, Mart, 1983-

    2005-01-01

    Heliplaatidest: Slide Fifty "The Way Ahead", Idlewild "Warnings/Promises", Electric Six "Senor Smoke", Erinevad esitajad "Playboy: The Mansion Soundtrack Mixed by Felix da Housecat", Jennifer Lopez "Rebirth"

  11. 77 FR 1915 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Licensing Responsibilities and Enforcement

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-12

    ...: Direct all written comments to Jennifer Jessup, Departmental Paperwork Clearance Officer, Department of...) 482-4895, Lawrence[email protected] . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: I. Abstract This collection of...

  12. 78 FR 12294 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Defense Priorities and Allocations System

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-22

    ...: Direct all written comments to Jennifer Jessup, Departmental Paperwork Clearance Officer, Department of...) 482-4895, Lawrence[email protected] . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: I. Abstract This recordkeeping...

  13. 78 FR 22512 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Special Priorities Assistance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-16

    ... written comments to Jennifer Jessup, Departmental Paperwork Clearance Officer, Department of Commerce...) 482-4895, Lawrence[email protected] . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: I. Abstract The information collected...

  14. 78 FR 48138 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Report of Requests for Restrictive Trade...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-07

    ..., 2013. ADDRESSES: Direct all written comments to Jennifer Jessup, Departmental Paperwork Clearance... Hall, BIS ICB Liaison, (202) 482-4895, Lawrence[email protected] . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: I...

  15. 77 FR 54559 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Offsets in Military Exports

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-05

    ...: Direct all written comments to Jennifer Jessup, Departmental Paperwork Clearance Officer, Department of...) 482-4895, Lawrence[email protected] . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: I. Abstract This collection of...

  16. 76 FR 78672 - National Institute on Drug Abuse; Notice of Closed Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-19

    ..., Neuroscience Center, 6001 Executive Boulevard, Rockville, MD 20852 (Telephone Conference Call). Contact Person... Addiction Research Programs, National Institutes of Health, HHS) Dated: December 13, 2011. Jennifer S...

  17. Diseño e implementación de un sistema de monitoreo a bordo con conexión por radiofrecuencia para un vehículo Chevrolet Forsa 1.3 lt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julieta Vásconez

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available El hecho de que existen vehículos que no poseen sistemas de monitoreo, es la principal razón que dio origen a la investigación para desarrollar el sistema de monitoreo a bordo con conexión por radiofrecuencia. Este proyecto se presenta como una herramienta para los propietarios de este tipo de vehículos, ya que brinda la posibilidad de realizar un monitoreo al interior del mismo y a distancia. El proyecto plantea un sistema que monitorea al vehículo durante su desempeño, por lo que se presupone que su aplicabilidad específica es en competencias en circuitos; sin dejar de lado su utilización como una herramienta en grandes talleres en donde el monitoreo remoto de vehículos es de gran utilidad. El sistema supervisa los parámetros más importantes del vehículo, y los presenta al usuario a través de dos interfaces, una al interior del vehículo y otra de manera remota en un computador. Adicionalmente el sistema genera un reporte de los datos de funcionamiento del vehículo durante el monitoreo, en una hoja de cálculo en la que se pueden observar la fecha y hora de las mediciones de las características importantes del vehículo así como sus magnitudes.

  18. Öğretmenlerin Örgütsel Bağlılığının Bir Yordayıcısı Olarak Okul Kültürü

    OpenAIRE

    Sezgin, Ferudun

    2010-01-01

    This study examined the relationship between teachers’ organizational commitment and school culture. The study sample consisted of 270 primary school teachers who participated in an in-service education activity organized in Ankara. The Organizational Commitment Scale and the School Culture Scale were used to gather data. Results indicated that affective and normative components of teacher organizational commitment were positively related to support, success, and task dimensions of school org...

  19. Resmi ve Özel İlköğretim Okullarının Kültür ve Etkililik Düzeylerinin Karşılaştırılması

    OpenAIRE

    Arslan, Yrd. Doç. Dr. Hasan; Satıcı, Aytaç; Kuru, Mahmut

    2014-01-01

    Summary School culture and effectiveness are very important indicators to understand school administration. School culture is composed of ideas, values, hypotheses, beliefs and manners that hold school together. School culture reflects a school's philosophy that each school has a different identity. School's philosophy has to be coherent and consistent with societal values and overall educational philosophy of the government. This consistency and coherence depend on teacher...

  20. Homoki gyep CO2-kibocsátásának vizsgálata új, nyílt rendszerű automata mérőeszközzel

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Papp, M.; Balogh, J.; Fóti, S.; Koncz, P.; Pavelka, Marian; Dařenová, Eva; Nagy, Z.

    2014-01-01

    Roč. 63, č. 2 (2014), s. 329-340 ISSN 0002-1873 Institutional support: RVO:67179843 Keywords : calibrated automated soil respiration measurement system * continuous measurements * comparing the standard system * the long-term measurements Subject RIV: EH - Ecology, Behaviour

  1. ltür Koşullarında Levrek (Dicentrarchus labrax L., 1758 Larvalarında Ağız Bölgesinin Osteolojik Gelişimi.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deniz Çoban

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Levrek larvalarında 0-42. günler arasında yoğun yetiştiricilik koşulları altında ağız boşluğunda çeneye ait elementlerin kıkırdak ve kemik gelişimleri incelenmiştir. Örnekler çalışma boyunca üç günde bir olacak şekilde elde edilmiş ve çalışma canlı yeminkesilmesi ile sonlanmıştır. Elde edilen örnekler formalinde sabitlendikten sonra alcian mavisi ve alizarin kırmızısı ile boyandı. Yumurtadan çıkan larvada ağza ait bir osteolojik oluşum tespit edilmemiştir. İlk oluşan element 3,8 mm total boyda (TB Meckel’s kıkırdağıdır. Bu oluşumu 4,6 mm TB’da trabecular bar, palato-quadrate ve hyosymplectic takip eder. 5,4 mm TB’da basibranchial, hyoid bar, maksillary ve branchial sepet oral boşluğun altında meydana gelmiştir. 7,9 mm TB’da dişe ait yapıların ilk işareti olan premaksillary oluşumu gözlenmiştir. 11,4 mm TB’da premaksillary ve dentary kıkırdak yapıda olup henüz kemikleşme başlamamış olup her ikisinde de bir sıra diş tespit edilmiştir. 15,8 mm TB’da premaksillary ve dentarynin uç bölgelerinde kemikleşme başlamıştır. Bu çalışmadan elde edilen sonuçlar diğer teleostlar ile karşılaştırılmış ve benzer bulgulara rastlanmıştır

  2. Co-expression of mCysLT1 receptors and IK channels in Xenopus laevis oocytes elicits LTD4-stimulated IK current, independent of an increase in [Ca2+]i

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wulff, Tune; Hougaard, Charlotte; Klaerke, Dan A

    2004-01-01

    did not result in any increase in [Ca2+]i. Even though activation of hIK by low concentrations of LTD4 was independent of an increase in [Ca2+]i, a certain "permissive" level of [Ca2+]i was required for its activation, since buffering of intracellular Ca2+ by EGTA completely abolished the response...

  3. ltürel Farklılıkların Yönetiminde İnsan Kaynakları Stratejilerinin Rolü: IKEA Örneği

    OpenAIRE

    HELVACIOĞLU, Nuray; ÖZUTKU, Hatice

    2014-01-01

    Bilginin kaynakları ve çok faktörlü verimlilik (MFP) üzerindeki etkileri Ar-Ge çalışmalarının ana hedefi olmuştur. Ancak, ülkelerin MFP seviyeleri bilgi stokları dışındaki faktörlere duyarlı oldukları görülmektedir ki bu dahil edilmeyen değişkenler ülkeler arasindaki MFP’nin farklılıklarının esaslarını, büyüme oranlarını açıklamada önemli olabilirler. Ar-Ge teorilerine rakip olan teoriler, verimliliği etkileyen diğer fakörler teklif etmişlerdir; beşeri sermaye, kamu altyapı yatırımları, ihrac...

  4. Several Classical Mouse Inbred Strains, Including DBA/2, NOD/Lt, FVB/N, and SJL/J, Carry a Putative Loss-of-Function Allele of Gpr84

    OpenAIRE

    Perez, Carlos J.; Dumas, Aline; Vallières, Luc; Guénet, Jean-Louis; Benavides, Fernando

    2013-01-01

    G protein–coupled receptor 84 (GPR84) is a 7-transmembrane protein expressed on myeloid cells that can bind to medium-chain free fatty acids in vitro. Here, we report the discovery of a 2-bp frameshift deletion in the second exon of the Gpr84 gene in several classical mouse inbred strains. This deletion generates a premature stop codon predicted to result in a truncated protein lacking the transmembrane domains 4-7. We sequenced Gpr84 exon 2 from 58 strains representing different groups in th...

  5. Osmanlı Tekke Mutfak Kültürü ve Mecmuâ-i Fevâid / The Ottoman Dervish Lodge Cuisine and Majmūʿa al-fawāʾid

    OpenAIRE

    Güldane

    2016-01-01

    The dervish lodge cuisine in the Ottoman lodge structuring has a central importance. The lodge cuisine helped Anatolia turn into a homeland. Travelers took shelter in the lodges in Anatolia. So, these buildings were a safe haven for those who travel. Lodge’s kitchens were always open. These kitchens offered a delightful “Sheikh Baba’s Soup” anytime and these kitchens gave peace and serenity to Anatolia. This article analyzes the Ottoman lodge food culture in the context of a manuscript which ...

  6. Osmanlı Tekke Mutfak Kültürü ve Mecmuâ-i Fevâid / The Ottoman Dervish Lodge Cuisine and Majmūʿa al-fawāʾid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Güldane

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The dervish lodge cuisine in the Ottoman lodge structuring has a central importance. The lodge cuisine helped Anatolia turn into a homeland. Travelers took shelter in the lodges in Anatolia. So, these buildings were a safe haven for those who travel. Lodge’s kitchens were always open. These kitchens offered a delightful “Sheikh Baba’s Soup” anytime and these kitchens gave peace and serenity to Anatolia. This article analyzes the Ottoman lodge food culture in the context of a manuscript which belongs to an imaret. This manuscript called Majmūʿa al-fawāʾid was written in between 1240-1250 (1825-1835 in Istanbul. This work belongs to the period of Sultan Mahmud II and the Hudāyī Lodge Foundation. Institution Employees and accounting records were disclosed in this manuscript in which the names of kitchenware are mentioned and recipes are found. This work gives detailed information about foods that are cooked in the Hudāyī Lodge Foundation’s imaret kitchen. SUMMARY Eating is thought always to be important and it is considered worthwhile to eat with guests and travelers in Turkish culture. In the process of Islamization, the dining table was accepted “Halil İbrahim’s Table” and this approach has strengthened further the hospitality. Eating with people, preparing the table for the guests, travelers and the needy were regarded as a factor increasing the fertility of the table. In addition, these movements were considered an act of social cooperation and deepen the collective consciousness. Especially the sufis played a dominant role in the process of Islamization in Anatolia and depending on this, they undertook various social and cultural functions that including catering. In this regard, the lodge was seen as a complex and this structure encompasses different units such as imaret or soup kitchen, mosque, tomb, library, dervish cells, public fountains, bakery and bathhouse. Travelers stay in the imaret and supply their needs, they also nurture themselves spiritually as well. Lodges were a safe haven for these travelers and lodge’s kitchens were open every hour of the day with serving the delicious “Father’s Soup.” Therefore, lodges became a representative of peace. These kitchens take reference the advices of the prophet about eating and serving meals. In addition, the effects of the old Turkish culture and of the Yesevī tradition on these kitchens are witnessed. While many documents related to the food culture in Anatolia could remain to us, regarding the life of lodges especially, information about the kitchens is still limited. Ali Eşref Dede’s cookbook, Yemek Risalesi, is one of the works written about the dishes of Ottoman period. This work is very important in relation to the Mevleviyye as well. This manuscript was written in the 19th century by Sheikh Ali Eşref Dede at Edirne. Majmūʿa al-fawāʾid, one of the other important sources that should be included in the Ottoman lodge food literature. This manuscript is registered in the Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality Atatürk Library Muallim Cevdet Yazmaları (number, 224. Two works were written in the same century. In Majmūʿa al-fawāʾid there are some financial and agricultural information concerning to “Hüdâyî Lodge’s Foundation”. This manuscript includes valuable information about accounting records and officers employed in imaret and other institutions. On the other hand, there are various recipes in this manuscript about the imaret meals, also lists of kitchenware and food materials. This record is thirty pages and was written during Mahmud II. period. Majmūʿa al-fawāʾid is related to Aziz Mahmud Hudāyī Lodge that is placed in a high and strategic location in Uskudar that connects Istanbul to Anatolia. This was a complex structure and established in a place of ten thousand square meters. It consisted of imaret, sheikh’s house (haremlik, mosque, tomb, library, dervish cells, bakery and bath. As mentioned above, Majmūʿa al-fawāʾid contains important information about Aziz Mahmud Hudāyī Lodge’s kitchen and recipes. In fact, the manuscript also provides several alternatives to some of the recipes. This record exhibits the structure of the order and the nutritional forms of the Sufis. Thus, to some extent, it is possible to analyze the theoretical and philosophical direction of the order. Because eating in the lodges is not an action just to satisfy a person's stomach. Rather there is a dining ritual in the lodge. In this frame, the importance of the dining table was emphasized in the lodge tradition in the dimension of human education and socialization. In the sense of Sufism, the information about food reveals symbolic and allegorical meanings, sometimes directly or indirectly. Rituals related to food are closely related to the educational process of the dervishes. In this respect, on the sacred journey of dervish it is necessary to eat food permissible in the religion. In this regard, the books about the customs of the order contain considerable information. Giving valuable information about meals Majmūʿa al-fawāʾid contains main course and dessert recipes. It revealed the food habits of the dervishes and the people who were living at that time. The recipes also contain some interesting features applicable in the Turkish kitchen today. In addition, the names of meals and desserts contribute to the richness of the Turkic language. There are soups and salads, meat grills and stew varieties, fish dishes, pastry varieties, dessert varieties, cookies and halvahs. Meals are cooked with butter mainly. Lamb and sheep are preferred in the meals. The use of spices is high. For example, cinnamon is used even when cooking meat and fish. The manuscript seems to have thirty recipes but there are also different cooking methods in the manuscript. Different cooking methods were used together in some meals as frying, boiling and baking. For this reason, the number of recipes in the manuscript increases even more. This article entitled “The Ottoman Dervish Lodge Cuisine and Majmūʿa al-fawāʾid” has been latinized by simplifying the manuscript based on with a single copy. In this article the place and importance of the lodge cuisine in a mystical life has been analyzed in addition to presenting valuable information about the literature that is related to the Anatolian Lodge Cuisine, the Ottoman Cuisine, and recepies cooked in the Ottoman. Furthermore, the work briefly presents some about the lodge because it is related to Aziz Mahmud Hudāyī lodge. Moreover, a dictionary section has been added for understanding the relatively abandoned words in the manuscript. Similarly, measurements and weigh units are briefly given in Majmūʿa al-fawāʾid.

  7. Højde hos 6-16-årige danske skolebørn målt i perioden fra 1986/1987 til 1996/1997. Sammenlignet med danske målinger fra 1971/1972

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Søren; Petersen, Tove Anne-Grete; Madsen, Mette

    2002-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Danish schoolchildren are said to have grown taller during the last 25 years. Studies on this topic have not been nationwide, however. The aim of this study was to compare the heights of a nationwide sample of Danish schoolchildren in 1986/1987-1996/1997 to a sample in 1971/1972. MA......INTRODUCTION: Danish schoolchildren are said to have grown taller during the last 25 years. Studies on this topic have not been nationwide, however. The aim of this study was to compare the heights of a nationwide sample of Danish schoolchildren in 1986/1987-1996/1997 to a sample in 1971...... for 1971/1972. CONCLUSION: The children in our study were taller than schoolchildren in 1971/1972, and they seemed to have an earlier pubertal height spurt. A growth study of Danish children is needed. Udgivelsesdato: 2002-Oct-21...

  8. Preservation of the Digital Culture: Archiving the World Wide Web Sayısal (Dijital Kültürün Korunması: Web Arşivleme

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmet Aldemir

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available Information growth in the web medium has required the necessity of archiving these information to transmit them to future generations. Web archiving is a versatile application which covers technical, legal and organizational dimensions. Any stage within the life cycle of digital information is critically important for the information in web environment. All over the world, many countries have started web archiving efforts through the leadership of their national libraries and attempted to carry these initiatives on a legal bases. In the light of these developments, this paper examines the necessity and major techniques in web archiving and it also discuss national and international web archiving projects. Web ortamında yaşanan bilgi artışı, beraberinde bu bilgilerin gelecek nesillere aktarılması amacıyla arşivlenmesi gereğini gündeme getirmiştir. Web'in arşivlenmesi teknik, yasal ve örgütsel boyutları olan çok yönlü bir uygulamadır. Sayısal ortamda üretilmiş bilginin yaşam döngüsündeki her bir aşama, web ortamında yer alan bilgiler için hayati önem taşımaktadır. Dünyada bir çok ülke milli kütüphaneleri öncülüğünde web arşivleme çalışmalarını başlatmış ve bu girişimlerinin yasal bir platforma taşınması için gerekli adımlar atılmıştır. Bu gelişmeler ışığında çalışmamızda, web'in neden arşivlenmesi gerektiğine değinilmiş, web arşivlemede kullanılan belli başlı yaklaşımlar ele alınmış, ulusal ve uluslararası ölçekli web arşivleme çalışmalarına yer verilmiştir.

  9. Damlatma ve Yayma Kültürel Sayım Yöntemlerinin Kıyaslanması Üzerine bir Araştırma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Kadir Halkman

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Bu çalışmada 6 adet saf laktik asit bakterisinde yayma, damlatma ve en muhtemel sayı yöntemleri ile, 7 adet kaşar peyniri örneğinde yayma ve damlatma yöntemleri ile toplam streptokok, toplam laktobasil, toplam mesofil aerob, maya-küf ve basil sayılmıştır. Saf laktik asit bakterilerinin sayımında EMS yöntemi katı besiyerinde yapılan sayımlara göre çok farklı değerler vermiştir. Laktik asit bakterilerinin sayımında ve kaşar peynirlerinde yapılan mikroorganizma sayımlarında damlatma ve yayma yöntemleri arasında yüksek benzerlik bulunmuştur. Maliyet unsuru dikkate alınarak rutin testlerde damlatma yönteminin yayma yöntemi yerini alması önerilebilir. Bununla beraber damlatma yöntemindeki sakıncaların gözönüne alınması gerekir.

  10. Söke Ovasında (Aydın) yeni bir kültür bitkisi: Yer Kirazı/Altın Çilek (Physalis peruviana)

    OpenAIRE

    Özdemir, Yasemin; Günal, Nurten

    2018-01-01

    Cape gooseberry (Physalis peruviana) is an economically valuable species of Physalis in the family of Solanaceae. Native to the tropical South America, Cape Gooseberry then spread to tropical, subtropical, and sometimes mild climate zones. Physalis peruviana is a plant that highly needs heat, sun light and moisture, and that does not withstand low temperature and strong winds. It is not so much selective in terms of soil.Cape Gooseberry/Golden Strawberry was first grown in the town Bağarası i...

  11. İlköğretim Din Kültürü ve Ahlak Bilgisi Dersi Öğretim Programı ve Öğretmenlerin Programa Yönelik Görüşleri

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Davut Işıkdoğan

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to detect the Religious Education and Moral Teaching lesson curriculum that has been implemented in 2005-2006 academic year oriented opinions of teachers and evaluate the curriculum in the light of these findings. Therefore, the scale of the definition of teachers' opinions that has prepared which consisting of 20 items and consonant with five point likert scale is applied to teachers of DKAB lesson that work in the centre of Diyarbakir and Corum. The data which is emerged implied that teachers adopted these new curriculums and no experience difficulties in practice generally. But when analyzed the items which measuring the attitudes, detected that the teachers in practice and grasping of curriculum, they have some difficulties in partially

  12. Modern Kültürde Kentten Kaçmanın ve Uzaklara Gitmenin Sosyolojisi / The Sociology of Escaping from the City and Going far away in the Modern Culture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sertaç Timur DEMİR

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Bu makale bir tür kurtuluş reçetesine dönen doğaya bedensel, zamansal ve mekânsal deneyimler üzerinden odaklanmaktadır. Önceleri kent tarzı yaşamı arzulayan modern birey artık kentten sıkılmış ve yeni arayışlar içine girmiştir. Bugün bu yönelimin merkezi doğadır. Bu açıdan uzak coğrafyalar üzerinde cereyan eden geri dönüş hikâyesini tartışmanın tam vaktidir. Çünkü büyük kentlere büyük hayallerle göç edenlerin beklentileri imtihan edilmiş, düş kırıklıkları yaşanmış ve yıllar sonra terkedilen eski köyler yeniden özlenmeye başlanmıştır. Bu bağlamda mazi ve hatıra mekânı olarak doğa ve taşra el değmemiş ve bozulmamış olarak tasavvur edilmiş ve kentin mutlak bir antitezi olarak benimsenmiştir. Burada beliren ana soru bakir ve arınmış doğanın kentleşmeyi merkezileştiren modern toplum figürasyonu tarafından kapsam dışı tutulup tutulmadığıdır. Başka bir deyişle, kentte bunalan modern birey için doğaya kaçış ya da taşraya dönüş kalıcı bir çözüm mü yoksa geçici bir avuntu mudur? Tüm bu ikircikli sorunsallar bu çalışmanın çerçevesini oluşturmaktadır. / This article focuses on the nature that has turned into a kind of salvation recipe in recent years through bodily, temporal and spatial experiences. The modern individual who once desired urban-style life now gets bored of it and embarks on new quests. Today the centre of the orientation is nature. In this sense, it is high time to debate the story of returning that take places on distant geographies because the expectations of those who migrated to big cities with dreams have been tested, then they had disappointments and once left villages started to be missed again after years. In this context, the nature and province as the place of past and memory are conceived as untouched and intact and as an absolute antithesis of the city. The main question that rises here is whether or not the virgin and purified nature is excluded by the modern society figuration that centralises the urbanisation. In other words, is escaping to the nature or returning the province a permanent solution or temporary solace? All these ambivalent questions constitute the framework of this study.

  13. Seyahat acentelerinde örgüt kültürü ve liderlik arasındaki ilişki: Kuşadası bölgesinde bir araştırma

    OpenAIRE

    TÜTÜNCÜ, Özkan; AKGÜNDÜZ, Yılmaz

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to reveal the relationship between the organizational culture and leadership in travel agencies. In order to achieve this goal, a survey that contains the measure of organizational culture adapted from that of Deshpande et al. by Ogbonna and Harris and the measure of perceived leadership style adapted from that of House and House and Dessler by Ogbonna and Harris. The organization culture of each travel agency and leadership styles of managers were measured by thi...

  14. Optical fibre-lightning arrester cable appliances. Its repercussion in concrete unconventional power transmission lines projects; Aplicacao de cabo para-raios composto com fibra optica. Sua repercursao em projetos de LT`s concreto nao convencionais

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Haddad, Ramon Sade [Companhia Energetica de Minas Gerais (CEMIG), Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil)

    1993-12-31

    With the adoption of lightning rod cables made of Optical Fibre, (in systems over Europe, Japan and North America), these became very popular in Countries capable of installing the system. The Brazilian electrical party was then challenged by a new technological experience: the lightning rod cable for lines of transmission has specific characteristics. The particularity of the electrical system in Brazil in relation to the diversity of the parameters involved, and the necessity to clarifying the concepts, take us to new strategies in planning and measuring our Power Transmission Lines 4 refs., 1 tab.

  15. TRUSSPOLE - Trussed Metallic Pole. Results of its application in 69 kV TL - simple circuit; Trusspole: poste metalico trelicado. Resultados da aplicacao em LT 69kV - circuito simples

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Silva, Paulo Ricardo Ralo Liberato da; Mello, Reynaldo Castriota de; Ferreira, Sirio Jose; Cadete, Marcia Augusta de Moura [MJMS - Mendes Junior Montagens e Servicos Ltda., Santa Luzia, MG (Brazil); Souza, Mauro Dias de [EGEL - Engenharia e Construcoes Ltda. (Brazil); Dantas, Roberto Pires [PLT - Projetos de Linhas de Transmissao Ltda. (Brazil)

    1995-12-31

    This report describes the origin, the development and the results of the TRUSSPOLE(Trussed Metallic Post) application in electric power transmission systems. It concerns a spatial trussed structure with a single metallic basis, similar to the concrete or wood pole, able to associate the technical and economical advantages of the trussed structures and the tubular or solid thick poles. The results obtained in the project, in load experiments of a study initial prototype and in the construction of a 69 kV Cs transmission line, with a 53.2 Km extension, using this type of structural solution, are shown 5 refs., 4 figs., 3 tabs.

  16. The Findings and Activities of the Texas Commission on Braille Textbook Production. A Report from the State Board of Education, Submitted to the Governor, Lt. Governor, Speaker, and the Seventy-Third Texas Legislature. Excellence and Equity for All Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Texas Education Agency, Austin.

    This report describes activities and recommendations of the Texas Commission on Braille Textbook Production, which monitors the acquisition Commission on Braille Textbook Production. The primary purpose of the commission is to monitor the expeditious acquisition of publisher computerized files in the form of textbook diskettes which are needed for…

  17. Determination of Stent Stenosis: An In Vivo Experimental Comparison of Intravascular Ultrasound and Angiography with Histology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Schuermann, Karl; Vorwerk, Dierk; Uppenkamp, Robert; Klosterhalfen, Bernd; Buecker, Arno; Guenther, Rolf W.

    1998-01-01

    Purpose: To compare intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) and angiography with histology in determining the degree of stent stenosis in an in vivo experiment. Methods: In 16 sheep, a total of 64 stents were implanted into the external iliac arteries. Two stents were inserted on either side. Patency was followed by angiography and IVUS. Four types of stent were used: two Dacron-covered (Cragg Endopro and heparinized Cragg Endopro) and two non-covered (Cragg and Memotherm stents). Eight animals were killed after 1 month, eight others after 6 months. Histological sections were prepared from the stented vessels. Measurements of the patent and total stent diameters determined by IVUS, angiography, and histology were compared. Results: Correlation between IVUS and angiography was 0.75, between IVUS and histology 0.77, and between angiography and histology 0.85. A mean stent stenosis of 17 ± 11% (range 0-51%) was found on angiography, of 10 ± 11% (0-46%) on IVUS, and of 20 ± 11% (4%-49%) on histology. In comparison with histology, IVUS underestimated the degree of stenosis by 10 ± 8%, and angiography underestimated it by 3 ± 6%. Resolution of IVUS was calculated to be about 0.35 mm and that of angiography to be about 0.15 mm. Conclusion: Under experimental conditions, IVUS was not superior to angiography in determining the degree of stent stenosis in long-segment stenoses of iliac artery stents, when measurements were correlated with histology. Angiography is sufficient for following the patency of iliac artery stents

  18. Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (80th, Chicago, Illinois, July 30-August 2, 1997): Communication Theory and Methodology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication.

    The Communication Theory and Methodology section of the Proceedings contains the following 17 papers: "Extra! Extra! Read All About It: Attention and Memory for Deviant and Imagistic Headlines" (Jennifer Borse and others); "Refining a Uses and Gratification Scale for Television Viewing" (Jennifer Greer, Cyndi Frisby, and David…

  19. 78 FR 25422 - Antidumping or Countervailing Duty Order, Finding, or Suspended Investigation; Advance...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-01

    ... China (A-570-910) (1st 482-5047. Review). Carbon and Certain Alloy Steel Wire Rod from Jennifer Moats... Jennifer Moats (202) Mexico (A-201-830) (2nd Review). 482-5047. Carbon and Certain Alloy Steel Wire Rod... of China (C-570-911) (1st 482-4136. Review). [[Page 25423

  20. Journal of Genetics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Genetics. JENNIFER DAVEY. Articles written in Journal of Genetics. Volume 96 Issue 4 September 2017 pp 681-685 RESEARCH NOTE. Clinical utility of a 377 gene custom next-generation sequencing epilepsy panel · JEN BEVILACQUA ANDREW HESSE BRIAN CORMIER JENNIFER DAVEY ...

  1. TV Crime Reporter Missed Clues | NIH MedlinePlus the Magazine

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... my last." Jennifer now takes time to manage stress and nourish herself with healthy food. Jennifer urges all women to know their risk for heart disease and take action to lower it. "Women need to wake up," ... index). They need to watch their stress. "If the story of what I've been ...

  2. Journal of Genetics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Hematology, Oncology and Transfusion Medicine Center, Vilnius University Hospital Santariskiu Klinikos, Vilnius LT-08661, Lithuania; Department of Human and Medical Genetics, Vilnius University, Vilnius LT-08661, Lithuania; Department of Internal, Family Medicine and Oncology, Vilnius University, Vilnius LT-08661, ...

  3. Pain Management (A Cup of Health with CDC)

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    Arthritis is one of the most common chronic conditions in the United States. Unfortunately, as the population ages, it's only expected to increase. In this podcast, Dr. Jennifer Hootman discusses ways to manage the pain of arthritis.

  4. Managing Arthritis (A Cup of Health with CDC)

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    Arthritis is a common chronic condition among Americans. As the population ages, the number of people with this condition is expected to increase dramatically. In this podcast, Dr. Jennifer Hootman discusses the importance of early diagnosis and management of arthritis.

  5. African Journal of Reproductive Health - Vol 20, No 2 (2016)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    John K. Ganle, Bernard Obeng, Joseph Y. Yeboah, Eva Tagoe-Darko, ... Christine Chingondole, Virginia Chipangula, Mina C. Hosseinipour, Jennifer H. ... Esperanza Mariano, Francisco Mbofana, Terence Hull, Adriane Martin Hilber, 111-121.

  6. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 51 - 100 of 163 ... H Rüther, C Held, R Bhurtha, R Schroeder, S Wessels ... Richard Fiifi Annan, Yao Yevenyo Ziggah, John Ayer, Christian Amans Odutola ... Simon Hull, Tshepiso Sehume, Sibonakaliso Sibiya, Lusanda Sothafile, Jennifer ...

  7. Oscarite gala pole enam miljoni valge mehe marss / Triin Tael

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tael, Triin

    2007-01-01

    79. Oscarite gala oli Martin Scorsese maffiadraama "Kahe tule vahel" ja mustanahaliste näitlejate triumf. Parimaks meesnäitlejaks kuulutati Forest Whitaker ja parimaks naiskõrvalosatäitjaks Jennifer Hudson. Ka varasematest võitjatest

  8. South African Medical Journal - Vol 96, No 6 (2006)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Tuberculosis control in South Africa – will HAART help? ... Jennifer A Thomson, 509-510 ... Masking through averages - intraprovincial heterogeneity in HIV prevalence within the Western Cape · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL ...

  9. Plaadid / Mirjam Tally

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tally, Mirjam, 1976-

    2003-01-01

    Uutest plaatidest "Mirjam Tally", Jennifer Love Hewitt "Barenaked", Sam "Being Under The Influence", Slade "Cum On Let's Party", The Dandy Warhols "Welcome To The Monkey House", Audio Bullys "Ego War"

  10. 75 FR 42449 - National Cancer Institute; Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-21

    ... Translational Research Advisory Committee. The meeting will be open to the public, with attendance limited to... Health, HHS) Dated: July 15, 2010. Jennifer Spaeth, Director, Office of Federal Advisory Committee Policy...

  11. James Blunt matuselaulude edetabeli tipus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Bereavement Registeri andmetel Suurbritannias matustel tellitavate laulude edetabelis: James Blunt "Goodbye My Lover", Robbie Williams "Angels", Jennifer Warnes ja Bill Medley "I've Had the Time Of My Life", Elton John "Candle in the Wind", Righteous Brothers "Unchained Melody"

  12. 75 FR 54159 - National Institute on Aging; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-03

    ...: National Institute on Aging Special Emphasis Panel, Stem Cells and Genomic Integrity Through Senescense.... 93.866, Aging Research, National Institutes of Health, HHS) Dated: August 26, 2010. Jennifer S...

  13. YIP Expansion: Ocean Basin Impact of Ambient Noise on Marine Mammal Detectability, Distribution, and Acoustic Communication

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-09-30

    Marine Mammal Detectability, Distribution, and Acoustic Communication Jennifer L. Miksis-Olds Applied Research Laboratory The Pennsylvania State...relatively stereotyped calls, commonly considered types of automatic detection include spectrogram correlation and matched filtering. Spectrogram

  14. Spinal Cord Injury 101

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Counseling Blog About Media Donate Spinal Cord Injury Medical Expert Videos Topics menu Topics Spinal Cord Injury ... Jennifer Piatt, PhD David Chen, MD Read Bio Medical Director, Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation Program, Rehabilitation Institute ...

  15. 77 FR 12561 - Antidumping or Countervailing Duty Order, Finding, or Suspended Investigation; Advance...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-01

    ... Department contact Folding Gift Boxes From the People's Republic Jennifer Moats (202) 482-5047. of China (A... analytical issues relevant to the Department's conduct of Sunset Reviews is set forth in the Department's...

  16. 77 FR 19623 - Antidumping or Countervailing Duty Order, Finding, or Suspended Investigation; Advance...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-02

    ... contact Polyester Staple Fiber from the Jennifer Moats, (202) 482-5047. People's Republic of China (A-570... Reviews are set forth in 19 CFR 351.218. Guidance on methodological or analytical issues relevant to the...

  17. Preventing Pneumonia (A Cup of Health with CDC)

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    Pneumonia is a lung infection that can result in severe illness and even death. Common symptoms include cough, fever, and difficulty breathing. In this podcast, Dr. Jennifer Farrar discusses ways to prevent pneumonia.

  18. Physiological and molecular insights into drought tolerance ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Physiological and molecular insights into drought tolerance. Sagadevan G Mundree, Bienyameen Baker, Shaheen Mowla, Shaun Peters, Saberi Marais, Clare Vander Willigen, Kershini Govender, Alice Maredza, Samson Muyanga, Jill M Farrant, Jennifer A Thomson ...

  19. 76 FR 57712 - Performance Review Board Membership

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-16

    ... DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE Performance Review Board Membership AGENCY: Economics and Statistics... the Performance Review Board (PRB) in accordance with the Economics and Statistics Administration's.... Bostic, Jr., Arnold A. Jackson, Theodore A. Johnson, Steven J. Jost, J. Steven Landefeld, Jennifer Madans...

  20. Staarid, kellel on oma parfüüm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Parfüümidest: Britney Spearsi "Fantasy, Paris Hiltoni "Just Me", Maria Sharapova "Maria Sharapova", Sarah Jessica Parkeri "Lovely", Jennifer Lopezi "Still", David ja Viktoria Beckhami "Intimately Beckham"

  1. What Is Dry Eye?

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... removed or pushed down the tear duct to insert a permanent punctal plug? Sep 12, 2017 Why ... Eye from Jennifer Aniston Sep 02, 2016 The link between seasonal allergens and dry eye Apr 27, ...

  2. Cross-genus amplification and characterisation of microsatellite loci ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Cross-genus amplification and characterisation of microsatellite loci in the little free tailed bat, Chaerephon pumilus s. l. (Molossidae) from South Eastern Africa. Theshnie Naidoo, Angus Macdonald, Jennifer M Lamb ...

  3. 77 FR 36479 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; License Transfer and Duplicate License Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-19

    ...: Direct all written comments to Jennifer Jessup, Departmental Paperwork Clearance Officer, Department of...) 482-4895, Lawrence[email protected] . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: I. Abstract This collection is needed...

  4. 78 FR 56859 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Triangular Transactions Covered by a U.S...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-16

    ... 15, 2013. ADDRESSES: Direct all written comments to Jennifer Jessup, Departmental Paperwork Clearance... Hall, BIS ICB Liaison, (202) 482-4895, Lawrence[email protected] . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: I...

  5. 76 FR 22111 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-20

    ..., MD 20892. (Telephone Conference Call.) Contact Person: Lawrence Ka-Yun Ng, PhD, Scientific Review... Institutes of Health, HHS) Dated: April 12, 2011. Jennifer S. Spaeth, Director, Office of Federal Advisory...

  6. 78 FR 41032 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Special Comprehensive License

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-09

    ... to Jennifer Jessup, Departmental Paperwork Clearance Officer, Department of Commerce, Room 6616, 14th... instrument and instructions should be directed to Larry Hall, BIS ICB Liaison, (202) 482-4895, Lawrence.Hall...

  7. 77 FR 9675 - Center for Scientific Review: Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-17

    ... Wisconsin Avenue, Bethesda, MD 20814. Contact Person: Lawrence E Boerboom, Ph.D., Chief, CVRS IRG, Center...-93.878, 93.892, 93.893, National Institutes of Health, HHS) Dated: February 10, 2012. Jennifer S...

  8. 76 FR 63312 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-12

    ...: Lawrence E Boerboom, PhD, Chief, CVRS IRG, Center for Scientific Review, National Institutes of Health.... Jennifer S. Spaeth, Director, Office of Federal Advisory Committee Policy. [FR Doc. 2011-26355 Filed 10-11...

  9. 78 FR 41032 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Foreign Availability Procedures

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-09

    ... comments to Jennifer Jessup, Departmental Paperwork Clearance Officer, Department of Commerce, Room 6616... instrument and instructions should be directed to Larry Hall, BIS ICB Liaison, (202) 482-4895, Lawrence.Hall...

  10. 76 FR 7225 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-09

    ... Mark Hopkins Hotel, 999 California Street, San Francisco, CA 94108. Contact Person: Lawrence E Boerboom..., National Institutes of Health, HHS) Dated: February 3, 2011. Jennifer S. Spaeth, Director, Office of...

  11. 76 FR 10912 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-28

    ... 22202. Contact Person: Lawrence E Boerboom, PhD, Scientific Review Officer, Center for Scientific Review... Institutes of Health, HHS) Dated: February 18, 2011. Jennifer S. Spaeth, Director, Office of Federal Advisory...

  12. Basics of SCI Rehabilitation

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... RN Pediatric Injuries Pediatric Spinal Cord Injury 101 Lawrence Vogel, MD The Basics of Pediatric SCI Rehabilitation ... Rogers, PT Recreational Therapy after Spinal Cord Injury Jennifer Piatt, PhD Kristine Cichowski, MS Read Bio Founding ...

  13. 76 FR 47218 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-04

    ..., Bethesda, MD 20892, (Telephone Conference Call). Contact Person: Lawrence Ka-Yun Ng, PhD, Scientific Review..., HHS) Dated: July 28, 2011. Jennifer S. Spaeth, Director, Office of Federal Advisory Committee Policy...

  14. Sex and Fertility After SCI

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... RN Pediatric Injuries Pediatric Spinal Cord Injury 101 Lawrence Vogel, MD The Basics of Pediatric SCI Rehabilitation ... Rogers, PT Recreational Therapy after Spinal Cord Injury Jennifer Piatt, PhD Diane M. Rowles, MS, NP Read ...

  15. Spinal Cord Injury 101

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... RN Pediatric Injuries Pediatric Spinal Cord Injury 101 Lawrence Vogel, MD The Basics of Pediatric SCI Rehabilitation ... Rogers, PT Recreational Therapy after Spinal Cord Injury Jennifer Piatt, PhD David Chen, MD Read Bio Medical ...

  16. 76 FR 20359 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-12

    ..., Bethesda, MD 20892 (Telephone Conference Call). Contact Person: Lawrence E Boerboom, PhD, Chief, CVRS IRG...: April 4, 2011. Jennifer S. Spaeth, Director, Office of Federal Advisory Committee Policy. [FR Doc. 2011...

  17. 75 FR 3912 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-25

    ... (Telephone Conference Call). Contact Person: Lawrence Baizer, PhD, Scientific Review Officer, Center for... Health, HHS) Dated: January 15, 2010. Jennifer Spaeth, Director, Office of Federal Advisory Committee...

  18. 77 FR 2270 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Firearms Convention

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-17

    ... Jennifer Jessup, Departmental Paperwork Clearance Officer, Department of Commerce, Room 6616, 14th and... and instructions should be directed to Larry Hall, BIS ICB Liaison, (202) 482-4895, Lawrence[email protected

  19. San Francisco Littoral Cell CRSMP Coastal Armoring Lines 2011

    Data.gov (United States)

    California Natural Resource Agency — This dataset is an updated version of the shapefile created by Jennifer Dare at the California Coastal Commission in 2005. The version created by Elena Vandebroek...

  20. San Francisco Littoral Cell CRSMP Coastal Armoring Areas 2011

    Data.gov (United States)

    California Natural Resource Agency — This dataset is an updated version of the shapefile created by Jennifer Dare at the California Coastal Commission in 2005. The version created by Elena Vandebroek...

  1. CrossTalk: The Journal of Defense Software Engineering. Volume 20, Number 11, November 2007

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    2007-01-01

    ...: Partnership for Project Success." Jennifer Tucker and Hile Rutledge describe the necessity of maximizing team performance in "Shaping Motivation and Emotion in Technology Teams," and Kasey Thompson and Tim Border teach managers...

  2. text22.html | chandajog | 73am talks | annmeet | meetings | Indian ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ACADEMY PUBLIC LECTURE: Animal Sex Determination by Genes, Chromosomes and Environment. Posted on 12th March 2018. SPEAKER: Prof. Jennifer A Marshal Graves. VENUE: Faculty Hall, Indian Institute of Science. 13 March 2018 ǀ 1600. Event poster ...

  3. 78 FR 32245 - Notice of Receipt of Pesticide Products; Registration Applications To Register New Uses

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-29

    ... Road, Pasadena, TX 77507-1041. Active ingredient: Novaluron. Product Type: Insecticide; Insect Growth... furniture, animal quarters, carpets, kennels, and poultry houses. Contact: Jennifer Gaines, (703) 305-5967...

  4. Book Review of 'The Metropolitan Revolution, How Cities and Metros are fixing our Broken Policies and Fragile Economy'

    OpenAIRE

    Fitzpatrick, Miriam

    2014-01-01

    Book Reviews for Architecture Ireland of 'The Metropolitan Revolution, How Cities and Metros are fixing our Broken Policies and Fragile Economy', by Bruce Katz and Jennifer Bradley, Published by Brookings Institution Press, 288 pages.

  5. San Francisco Littoral Cell CRSMP Coastal Armoring Areas 2011

    Data.gov (United States)

    California Department of Resources — This dataset is an updated version of the shapefile created by Jennifer Dare at the California Coastal Commission in 2005. The version created by Elena Vandebroek...

  6. San Francisco Littoral Cell CRSMP Coastal Armoring Lines 2011

    Data.gov (United States)

    California Department of Resources — This dataset is an updated version of the shapefile created by Jennifer Dare at the California Coastal Commission in 2005. The version created by Elena Vandebroek...

  7. 75 FR 28853 - Quarterly Publication of Individuals, Who Have Chosen To Expatriate, as Required by Section 6039G

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-24

    ... CURLEY RENATE H DARD GILLES DE TREY LORRAINE ANNE DECKER MARGARET DEUCHER FIONA CLARINA DEUCHER ANNINA... JENNIFER LADANYI HANS GEORG LAMPE ARNO LAUREYNS VEERLE A LEBECH LISA MARGARET LEE YOONBOK STEPHEN LEHMANN...

  8. Plaadid / Andri Maimets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Maimets, Andri, 1979-

    2005-01-01

    Uutest heliplaatidest Jennifer Lopez "Rebirth", Crosby Stills & Nash "Greatest Hits", "Verve/Remixe", Thirteen Senses "The Invitation", "Amos Lee", Mari Boine "Gula Gula", dZihan & Kamien "Fakes", Hot Hot Heat "Elevator"

  9. Letter re: Bio - Lab, Plants 2 and 4, Conyers, Rockdale County

    Science.gov (United States)

    September 24, 1999 letter to Jeffrey T. Pallas from Jennifer R. Kaduck enclosing information about conditionally exempt small quantity generator requirements for Bio - Lab Plants 2 and 4 in Conyers, Rockdale County, Georgia.

  10. 76 FR 39245 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Furnaces and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-06

    ... Wes.Anderson@ee.doe.gov . Mr. Eric Stas or Ms. Jennifer Tiedeman, U.S. Department of Energy, Office of.... Wesley Anderson (central air conditioners and heat pumps), U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy...

  11. Sõbrad - kõmuliselt edukad ja edukalt kõmulised / Elo Mõttus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mõttus, Elo

    2001-01-01

    Ameerika Ühendriikide edukast komöödiasarjast "Sõbrad" ("Friends") ja selle peategelaste kehastajatest (Matthew Perry, Jennifer Aniston, David Schwimmer,Courtney Cox). Ka : Teleleht nr. 18, lk. 42

  12. Naise võim Bermudas : kubjas kukutati / Allan Espenberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Espenberg, Allan

    2003-01-01

    Suurbritanniale kuuluva Bermuda saare parlamendivalimised vallandasid sündmuste ahela, mis võivad muuta asumaa poliitikat. Ametist tagandati peaminister Jennifer Meredith Smith ja uueks peaministriks sai senine tööminister William Alexander Scott

  13. Modeli i pevitsõ v vashem shkafu / Alina Zelimhanova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Zelimhanova, Alina

    2003-01-01

    Tuntud modellide ja lauljate tegevusest moedisineritena. Modell Anouck Lepere disainib kõrvarõngaid, Stella Tennant lasterõivaid, lauljad Jennifer Lopez, Britney Spears ja Kylie Minogue on moekollektsioonide autorid

  14. 78 FR 46575 - Antidumping or Countervailing Duty Order, Finding, or Suspended Investigation; Advance...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-01

    ... from China (A-570- 919) (1st Review). Steel Wire Garment Hangers Jennifer Moats (202) 482-5047. from... receives a Notice of Intent to Participate from a member of the domestic industry within 15 days of the...

  15. 76 FR 25308 - Marine Mammals

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-04

    ...-XA165 Marine Mammals AGENCY: National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric... Jennifer Burns, Ph.D., University of Alaska Anchorage, Biology Department, 3101 Science Circle, Anchorage, AK, has been issued a permit to conduct [[Page 25309

  16. Prevalence and Severity of Dental Fluorosis in the United States, 1999-2004

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Surveys. References Aoba T, Fejerskov O. Dental fluorosis: Chemistry and biology. Crit Rev Oral Biol Med 13( ... National Center for Health Statistics Edward J. Sondik, Ph.D., Director Jennifer H. Madans, Ph.D., Associate ...

  17. Rocky Mountain Arsenal Ecological Chemical Data (1984-1985)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-03-01

    0 0.00 0.05 LT DL US6 EPA ERR - ERR P,.ACOL LIV 3001 84242- 84243 CIMP 2 0 0.00 0.05 LT OL U66 ERR ERR - ERR PHACOL LIV O’ i4279- -4271 01? M0. 0...001 1094 M 84242 85058 CPMS02 LT 2.000 -1 UGG DBCP LT 2.000 -2 U6S cIMP LT 5.000 -2 UGS DITH LT 2.000 -1 U6G DLDRN 5.000 -2 UGG ENORN LT 2.000 -2 UGG

  18. Модели, объясняющие здоровье и болезни: неожиданности при взгляде изнутри бывшего Советского Союза

    OpenAIRE

    Tatiana, I.

    2013-01-01

    The review of anthropological theories as applied to public health by Jennifer J. Carroll (Carroll, 2013) published in this issue of TCPHEE made me recollect my first and most surprising discoveries of how differently same things can be understood in different parts of the world. Probably less unexpectedly, these impressions concern substance abuse and addiction behaviors, similarly to many examples deployed by Jennifer J. Carroll. The first of these events happened soon after the break-up of...

  19. Ice Storms in a Changing Climate

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-01

    CHANGING CLIMATE by Jennifer M. McNitt June 2016 Thesis Advisor: Wendell Nuss Co-Advisor: David W. Titley THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT...SUBTITLE ICE STORMS IN A CHANGING CLIMATE 5. FUNDING NUMBERS 6. AUTHOR(S) Jennifer M. McNitt 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS...increase in global temperatures, due to climate change, could affect the frequency, intensity, and geographic location of ice storms. Three known ice

  20. Applying Modern Stage Theory to Mauritania: A Prescription to Encourage Entrepreneurship

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-12-01

    STAGE THEORY TO MAURITANIA: A PRESCRIPTION TO ENCOURAGE ENTREPRENEURSHIP by Jennifer M. Warren December 2014 Thesis Advisor: Robert E...PRESCRIPTION TO ENCOURAGE ENTREPRENEURSHIP 5. FUNDING NUMBERS 6. AUTHOR(S) Jennifer M. Warren 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) Naval...a chapter in which Dr. Looney relates modern stage theory to emerging economies. With an understanding that entrepreneurship is key for sustained

  1. Choosing a Global Positioning System Device for Use in U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Regulatory Districts

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-12-01

    ERDC) solves the nation’s toughest engineering and environmental challenges. ERDC develops innovative solutions in civil and military engineering ...communication with Jennifer Goulet via email. 5 September. Washington, DC: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Civil Works, Geospatial Community of Practice...of Engineers Regulatory Districts Co ld R eg io ns R es ea rc h an d En gi ne er in g La bo ra to ry Jennifer J. Goulet, Lindsey E. Lefebvre

  2. The Role of IDO in Muc1 Targeted Immunotherapy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    Besmer*, Teresa L. Tinder , Lopamudra Das Roy, Joseph Lustgarten, Sandra J. Gendler, Pinku Mukherjee Intratumoral Delivery of CpG-Conjugated Anti...3073-87. Epub 2012 Jan 11. PMID: 22238308 3. Mahnaz Sahraei , Lopamudra Das Roy , Jennifer Curry , Teresa Tinder , Sritama Nath , Dahlia M...10.1038/onc.2011.651 4. Dahlia M. Besmer , Dr. Jennifer M. Curry , Dr. Lopamudra D. Roy , Ms. Teresa L. Tinder , Ms. Mahnaz M. Sahraei , Dr

  3. Characterizing Musculoskeletal Injury among Aeromedical Evacuation Personnel: An Observational Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-09-28

    Jennifer Serres, PhD; Col Susan Dukes, PhD; Molly Wade, MS; Brittany Fouts, MS; Mandy Cowgill, MS; Daniel Pohlman, BS September 2016...CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) Jennifer Serres, Susan Dukes, Molly Wade, Brittany Fouts, Mandy... environment . 2.0 INTRODUCTION Musculoskeletal injuries (MSIs) result from the cumulative trauma associated with repetitive and physically

  4. The Next Supreme Leader: Succession in the Islamic Republic Of Iran

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    E. Thaler, Nora Bensahel, Kim Cragin, Jerrold D. Green, Dalia Dassa Kaye, Nadia Oweidat, and Jennifer Li , Dangerous But Not Omnipotent: Exploring...Janeshin Namayand e Vali e Faghih dar Sepah, ya Sokhanguy e Hezb e Siyasi Neza- mian ? [The Deputy Representative of the Supreme Leader in the Guards...Dassa Kaye, Nadia Oweidat, and Jennifer Li , Dangerous But Not Omnipotent: Exploring the Reach and Limitations of Iranian Power in the Middle East, Santa

  5. 33 CFR Schedule II to Subpart A of... - Table of Speeds 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ..., Lt. 137 Deer Island, Lt. 186 11.5 10.5. 9. Deer Island, Lt. 186 Bartlett Point, Lt. 227 8.5 upb; 10.5 dnb 8 upb; 10.5 dnb. 10. Bartlett Point, Lt. 227 Tibbetts Point 13 10.5. 11. Junction of Canadian.... All other canals 6 6. 1 Maximum speeds at which a vessel may travel in identified areas in both normal...

  6. A Two-Dimensional Unsteady Method of Characteristics Analysis of Fluid Flow Problems - MCDU 43

    Science.gov (United States)

    1975-07-01

    N)>ZBN(KtLfHnt .(RBHIK.L+ltMJ-RBHfK.LtN))) ZPR«-(RMA-RBM(KvLtP))*SINtANGLEU .(ZMA-ZBH(KtLtMn*COS(ANGLE) BPp = (PMA-RPMIK,L,M))*CCS(ANr,LFI*(ZMA...INDEX»INOEX+1 IF(INDEX.LT.25)GO TO 1010 WRITE(6,8700)1,J CALL PRINT 101 fAU EXIT lOtn IF(NrnilNT,FO.llGn TH HOO TTFST-l STORF P

  7. Disability and deviance: Dario Argento's Phenomena and the maintenance of abledness as a critical framework.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McDaniel, Jamie L

    2013-12-01

    This exploration of disability directly applies Campbell's understanding of "abledness" to the film Phenomena by Italian director Dario Argento. Phenomena (1985) explores, through the diegetic response to protagonist Jennifer Corvino's ability to communicate with insects, the shifting cultural association between disability and deviance. The film begins with the traditional response to disability, what education psychologist Kaoru Yamamoto considers the cultural importance of classifying and interpreting disabled bodies by fitting them into a narrative of deviance for surveillance and control. Throughout Argento's film, characters attempt to classify Jennifer; scientists seek to diagnose her "affliction" through the medical model of disability, while Jennifer's schoolmistresses interpret Jennifer's behavior as a disciplinary problem based in environmental factors. This represents the structural model of disability, but in each instance, the attempt to classify Jennifer fails to diagnose or discipline the supposed "deviant, disabled body." Through this failure, the film dramatizes contemporary critiques of traditional models that examine disability, moving beyond to explore what Fiona Kumari Campbell has called "the maintenance of abledness" in sexed, raced, and modified bodies. By normalizing Jennifer's ability, then, Phenomena offers a framework for examining the process through which elements of "abledness" become normalized, a concept which many theorists now argue should maintain the focus of disability studies.

  8. NEW MASER EMISSION FROM NONMETASTABLE AMMONIA IN NGC 7538. III. DETECTION OF THE (10,6) TRANSITION AND A VELOCITY GRADIENT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hoffman, Ian M., E-mail: ihoffman@wittenberg.edu [Physics Department Wittenberg University, Springfield, OH 45501 (United States)

    2012-11-01

    We present the first astronomical detection of the {sup 14}NH{sub 3} (J, K) = (10, 6) line: nonthermal emission at several velocities in the Galactic star-forming region NGC 7538. Using the Very Large Array we have imaged the (10,6) and (9,6) ammonia masers at several positions within NGC 7538 IRS 1. The individual sources have angular sizes {approx}< 0.1 arcsec corresponding to brightness temperatures T{sub B} {approx}> 10{sup 6} K. We apply the pumping model of Brown and Cragg, confirming the conjecture that multiple ortho-ammonia masers can occur with the same value of K. The positions and velocities of the (10,6) and (9,6) masers are modeled as motion in a possible disk or torus and are discussed in the context of recent models of the region.

  9. Treatment of Pelvic Venous Spur (May-Thurner Syndrome) with Self-Expanding Metallic Endoprostheses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Binkert, Christoph A.; Schoch, Eric; Stuckmann, Gerd; Largiader, Jon; Wigger, Pius; Schoepke, Wolfdietrich; Zollikofer, Christoph L.

    1998-01-01

    Purpose: The application of self-expanding metallic endoprostheses (stents) to treat symptomatic pelvic venous spurs as an alternative to surgery. Methods: Wallstents with a diameter from 14 to 16 mm and one Cragg stent were placed in the left common iliac vein of eight patients (seven women, one man; mean age 42 years) with a symptomatic pelvic venous spur (left deep venous thrombosis or post-thrombotic leg swelling). Four patients had surgical thrombectomy prior to stent placement. Results: Technical success with immediate reduction of left leg circumference was achieved in all eight patients. A primary patency rate of 100% was observed during an average follow-up of 3 years (range 10-121 months). There were no procedural or stent-related complications. Conclusion: The percutaneous transfemoral placement of self-expanding metallic stents is an effective minimally invasive alternative to surgery in the treatment of symptomatic pelvic venous spur

  10. Recommendations for treatment of hypothyroidism with levothyroxine and levotriiodothyronine: a 2016 position statement of the Italian Society of Endocrinology and the Italian Thyroid Association.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biondi, B; Bartalena, L; Chiovato, L; Lenzi, A; Mariotti, S; Pacini, F; Pontecorvi, A; Vitti, P; Trimarchi, F

    2016-12-01

    Levothyroxine (L-T4) is recommended as lifelong replacement therapy for hypothyroidism. Recent clinical and experimental data support the addition of levotriiodothyronine (L-T3) treatment in some selected hypothyroid patients when their symptoms persist and their quality of life remains impaired despite adequate L-T4 monotherapy. An increase in L-T3 prescriptions has been recently observed in Italy due to availability of different L-T3 formulations, making it possible to clinicians to prescribe L-T3 alone or in combination with L-T4. The aim of the present position statement was to define the correct clinical indications, schedule, duration of treatment and contraindications of combined treatment with L-T4 and L-T3 in hypothyroid patients in an attempt to guide clinicians and to avoid potential adverse effects of overtreatment.

  11. The first 100 Mw Brazil - Argentina interconnection. The design of the 500/525 Kv Rincon de Santa Maria-Garabi-Ita power transmission line; Primeira interconexao 1000 MW Brasil-Argentina. Projeto da LT 500/525 kV Rincon de Santa Maria-Garabi-Ita

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Silva, Joao Batista Guimaraes Ferreira da; Guimaraes, Rogerio Peixoto; Menezes, Luciene Oliveira; Amaro, Rania Carla Peixoto [ABB, Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil)]. E-mail: joao-batista.ferreira@br.abb.com; Silva, Vilson Renato da [Engelineas Consultoria e Projetos Ltda., Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Menezes, Ruy Carlos Ramos de [Rio Grande do Sul Univ., Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Nolasco, Joao Felix [JFNolasco Consultoria Ltda., Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil); Bugallo, Francisco [Companhia de Interconexao Energetica (CIEN), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2001-07-01

    This document reports the main design aspects and also displays how the implantation challenges had been overcome in relation to the Brazil-Argentina energetic first interconnection, through the frequency converter station in Garabi and the 500 Kv / 50 Hz Rincon de Santa Maria-Garabi transmission line and 500 Kv / 60 Hz Garabi-Ita transmission line, resulting in a total of 490 Kilometers. Firstly, it is presented the basic design characteristics involving the drawing definitions and electrical parameters determination. Afterwards, are presented the transmission line mechanical aspects, as well as the main obtained results. Finally, the project technical viability and the reached benefits had been discussed as well.

  12. Calculation of electrical and magnetic field in electric power transmission lines aiming project optimization, environmental impact and alternatives comparisons; O calculo dos campos eletrico e magnetico de L.T. visando a otimizacao do projeto, o impacto ambiental e a comparacao de alternativas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Portela, Carlos M. [Universidade Federal, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Coordenacao dos Programas de Pos-graduacao de Engenharia (COPPE); Moreno O, German [Antioquia Univ., Medellin (Colombia). Dept. de Engenharia Eletrica

    1995-12-31

    The optimization of overhead electric power transmission lines leads to compact projects in which the neighbourhood electric and magnetic field are a critical restriction. The Load Simulation Method enables the reliable calculation of such fields. Presented are equations for the application of such conditions. Results are presented 9 figs., 2 tabs., 10 refs.

  13. İlköğretim ve Ortaöğretim Okullarındaki Örgüt Kültürünün Karşılaştırılması

    OpenAIRE

    Arslan, Yrd. Doç. Dr. Hasan; Kuru, Mahmut; Satıcı, Aytaç

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to determine teachers' perception about organizational culture and its dimensions in primary schools and high schools and to examine similarities and differences in these schools. Teachers were asked to report to what extend their school culture reflects certain cultural properties. A survey was designed to collect data from randomly selected three primary schools and three high schools in Gebze, dimensions of organizational culture were conceptualized as...

  14. Muusa ; "Siin möödus Pushkini eksiili algus..." ; Looming ; "Ma halvustan eleegiat ja oodi..." ; Esimene kaugelaskekahur Leningradis ; "Hauad on aeda kaevatud..." ; "Eks nüüd koputa väikese käega..." ; "Kui uks on suletud ja ühtki häält ei k

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ahmatova, Anna, pseud., 1889-1966

    2006-01-01

    Orig.: Muza ; "Zdes Pushkina izgnanje natshalos (Kavkazskoje) ; Tvortshestvo ; "Mne ni ktshemu oditsheskije rati..." ; Pervõi dalnoboinõi v Leningrade ; "Shtsheli v sadu võrõtõ..." ; "Postutshis kulakom - ja otkroju..." ; "Kogda lezhit luna lomtem tshardzhuiskoi dõni..." ; "Mnogoje jeshtsho, naverno, hotshet..." ; "I kak vsegda bõvajet v dni razrõva..."

  15. Las células dendríticas generadas en presencia de vitamina D3 y activadas con lipopolisacáridos incrementan la producción de IL-1β, IL-8 e IL-10 y disminuyen su capacidad de inducir LT CD4+CD25hiFoxp3+

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sindy M. Muñoz

    2016-06-01

    Conclusión. Las células dendríticas generadas con vitamina D3 y tratadas con lipopolisacáridos presentaron un fenotipo ‘semimaduro’, así como la capacidad de secretar citocinas antiinflamatorias y citocinas promotoras de la reacción inflamatoria. Además, no se aumentó su capacidad de promover la polarización de LTCD4+ vírgenes alogénicos hacia LTreg.

  16. Konaklama Sektöründe Büyük Veri Aracılığıyla Sektörel Rekabette Kültürel Farklılıkların Keşfi

    OpenAIRE

    Dirsehan, Taskın; Köse, Nurdan; Ercevik, Eylul; Ceylan, Sena

    2018-01-01

    2014-2016 yılları için Pazarlama Bilim Enstitüsü (MSI), “Veri Bakımından Zengin Ortamlarda Pazarlama Analitiğini Geliştirme” konusunu “Birinci Derecede Öncelikli” konu olarak belirlemiştir. Müşterilerin deneyimlerini inceleyerek onları anlamak, uzun dönemde kârlı müşteri ilişkileri oluşturabilmek için önemlidir. Konaklama sektöründe ziyaretçiler, deneyimlerini internetteki seyahat sitelerinde paylaşarak “büyük veri” olarak adlandırılan büyük miktarda veri yaratmaktadır. Eğer bu deneyimler ana...

  17. Leak testing plan for the Oak Ridge National Laboratory liquid low-level waste systems (active tanks): Revision 2. Volume 1: Regulatory background and plan approach; Volume 2: Methods, protocols, and schedules; Volume 3: Evaluation of the ORNL/LT-823DP differential pressure leak detection method; Appendix to Revision 2: DOE/EPA/TDEC correspondence

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Douglas, D.G.; Wise, R.F.; Starr, J.W.; Maresca, J.W. Jr. [Vista Research, Inc., Mountain View, CA (United States)

    1994-11-01

    This document, the Leak Testing Plan for the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Liquid Low-Level Waste System (Active Tanks), comprises three volumes. The first two volumes address the component-based leak testing plan for the liquid low-level waste system at Oak Ridge, while the third volume describes the performance evaluation of the leak detection method that will be used to test this system. Volume 1, describes that portion of the liquid low-level waste system at that will be tested; it provides the regulatory background, especially in terms of the requirements stipulated in the Federal Facilities Agreement, upon which the leak testing plan is based. Volume 1 also describes the foundation of the plan, portions of which were abstracted from existing federal documents that regulate the petroleum and hazardous chemicals industries. Finally, Volume 1 gives an overview the plan, describing the methods that will be used to test the four classes of components in the liquid low-level waste system. Volume 2 takes the general information on component classes and leak detection methods presented in Volume 1 and shows how it applies particularly to each of the individual components. A complete test plan for each of the components is presented, with emphasis placed on the methods designated for testing tanks. The protocol for testing tank systems is described, and general leak testing schedules are presented. Volume 3 describes the results of a performance evaluation completed for the leak testing method that will be used to test the small tanks at the facility (those less than 3,000 gal in capacity). Some of the details described in Volumes 1 and 2 are expected to change as additional information is obtained, as the viability of candidate release detection methods is proven in the Oak Ridge environment, and as the testing program evolves.

  18. Leak testing plan for the Oak Ridge National Laboratory liquid low-level waste systems (active tanks): Revision 2. Volume 1: Regulatory background and plan approach; Volume 2: Methods, protocols, and schedules; Volume 3: Evaluation of the ORNL/LT-823DP differential pressure leak detection method; Appendix to Revision 2: DOE/EPA/TDEC correspondence

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Douglas, D.G.; Wise, R.F.; Starr, J.W.; Maresca, J.W. Jr.

    1994-11-01

    This document, the Leak Testing Plan for the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Liquid Low-Level Waste System (Active Tanks), comprises three volumes. The first two volumes address the component-based leak testing plan for the liquid low-level waste system at Oak Ridge, while the third volume describes the performance evaluation of the leak detection method that will be used to test this system. Volume 1, describes that portion of the liquid low-level waste system at that will be tested; it provides the regulatory background, especially in terms of the requirements stipulated in the Federal Facilities Agreement, upon which the leak testing plan is based. Volume 1 also describes the foundation of the plan, portions of which were abstracted from existing federal documents that regulate the petroleum and hazardous chemicals industries. Finally, Volume 1 gives an overview the plan, describing the methods that will be used to test the four classes of components in the liquid low-level waste system. Volume 2 takes the general information on component classes and leak detection methods presented in Volume 1 and shows how it applies particularly to each of the individual components. A complete test plan for each of the components is presented, with emphasis placed on the methods designated for testing tanks. The protocol for testing tank systems is described, and general leak testing schedules are presented. Volume 3 describes the results of a performance evaluation completed for the leak testing method that will be used to test the small tanks at the facility (those less than 3,000 gal in capacity). Some of the details described in Volumes 1 and 2 are expected to change as additional information is obtained, as the viability of candidate release detection methods is proven in the Oak Ridge environment, and as the testing program evolves

  19. The role of the ligamentum teres in the adult hip: redundant or relevant? A review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Devitt, Brian M; Arora, Manit

    2018-01-01

    ABSTRACT The ligamentum teres (LT) has traditionally been described as a redundant structure with no contribution to hip biomechanics or function. There has been renewed interest in the LT as a source of hip pathology due to the high prevalence of LT pathology observed at the time of hip arthroscopy. The LT acts a secondary stabilizer to supplement the work of the capsular ligaments and works in a sling-like manner to prevent subluxation of the hip at the extremes of motion. The presence of free nerve endings within the LT indicates a definite role in pain generation, with the LT undergoing various mechanical and histological adaptations to hip pathology. PMID:29423246

  20. Treating Hypothyroidism with Thyroxine/Triiodothyronine Combination Therapy in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Michaelsson, Luba Freja; Medici, Bjarke Borregaard; la Cour, Jeppe Lerche

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Five to ten percent of patients with hypothyroidism describe persistent symptoms despite being biochemically well regulated on levothyroxine (L-T4). Thyroxine (T4)/triiodothyronine (T3) combination therapy [L-T4/liothyronine (L-T3) or desiccated thyroid] are still regarded as experime......BACKGROUND: Five to ten percent of patients with hypothyroidism describe persistent symptoms despite being biochemically well regulated on levothyroxine (L-T4). Thyroxine (T4)/triiodothyronine (T3) combination therapy [L-T4/liothyronine (L-T3) or desiccated thyroid] are still regarded...

  1. Liquid L-thyroxine versus tablet L-thyroxine in patients on L- thyroxine replacement or suppressive therapy: a meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laurent, Irakoze; Tang, Siying; Astère, Manirakiza; Wang, Kan Ran; Deng, Shuhua; Xiao, Ling; Li, Qi Fu

    2018-03-23

    To compare the effectiveness of liquid L-T4 (L-thyroxine) and tablet L-T4 in patients on L-T4 replacement or suppressive therapy. The Cochrane Library, PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science databases were searched to identify relevant articles. All prospective or randomized controlled studies (RCTs) comparing liquid L-T4 and tablet L-T4 in patients on L-T4 replacement or suppressive therapy were included in the analysis. Overall, the initial search of the four databases identified 1278 published studies; of these, eight studies were ultimately included in the meta-analysis. TSH (thyroid stimulating hormone) levels were significantly suppressed in patients on liquid L-T4 compared with those on tablet L-T4, in patients on L-T4 suppressive therapy with L-T4 malabsorption (Mean Difference (MD) = -2.26, 95% Confidence Interval (CI): -3.59, -0.93; P = 0.0009)). However, liquid L-T4 and tablet L-T4 did not show a statistically significant difference in patients on L-T4 suppressive therapy without malabsorption (MD = 0.08, 95% CI: -0.31, 0.47; P = 0.69). TSH levels were significantly normalized in patients on liquid L-T4 compared with those on tablet L-T4, in Patients on L-T4 replacement therapy with L-T4 malabsorption (MD = -3.20, 95% CI: -5.08, -1.32; P = 0.0009). However, liquid L-T4 and tablet L-T4 did not show a statistically significant difference in patients on L-T4 replacement therapy without malabsorption (MD = 0.91, 95% CI: -0.03, 1.86; P = 0.06). Liquid L-T4 is more efficient than tablet L-T4 in patients on L-T4 replacement or suppressive therapy with malabsorption. No significant differences were observed in patients without malabsorption. Further studies should be conducted to verify these findings.

  2. The impact of intrapulmonary shunting after liver transplantation in pediatric patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chi-Di Liang

    2012-06-01

    Conclusion: Among pediatric ESLD patients with preoperative IPS, approximately 6% continue to have mild IPS after LT. Patients with mild IPS after LT remain asymptomatic and have good liver graft function.

  3. Histogram and gray level co-occurrence matrix on gray-scale ultrasound images for diagnosing lymphocytic thyroiditis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shin, Young Gyung; Yoo, Jaeheung; Kwon, Hyeong Ju; Hong, Jung Hwa; Lee, Hye Sun; Yoon, Jung Hyun; Kim, Eun-Kyung; Moon, Hee Jung; Han, Kyunghwa; Kwak, Jin Young

    2016-08-01

    The objective of the study was to evaluate whether texture analysis using histogram and gray level co-occurrence matrix (GLCM) parameters can help clinicians diagnose lymphocytic thyroiditis (LT) and differentiate LT according to pathologic grade. The background thyroid pathology of 441 patients was classified into no evidence of LT, chronic LT (CLT), and Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT). Histogram and GLCM parameters were extracted from the regions of interest on ultrasound. The diagnostic performances of the parameters for diagnosing and differentiating LT were calculated. Of the histogram and GLCM parameters, the mean on histogram had the highest Az (0.63) and VUS (0.303). As the degrees of LT increased, the mean decreased and the standard deviation and entropy increased. The mean on histogram from gray-scale ultrasound showed the best diagnostic performance as a single parameter in differentiating LT according to pathologic grade as well as in diagnosing LT. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  4. Liver transplantation for NASH cirrhosis is not performed at the expense of major post-operative morbidity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van den Berg, Eline H.; Douwes, Rianne M.; de Meijer, Vincent E.; Schreuder, Tim C. M. A.; Blokzijl, Hans

    Background: Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is an emerging indication for liver transplantation (LT) and coexists with multiple comorbidities. Obese and cirrhotic patients experience more perioperative complications. Limited data exist about short-term complications after LT for NASH cirrhosis.

  5. Compton-scattering from hydrogen, deuterium and complex nuclei at photonenergies of 3 and 5 Gev under very small scattering angles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kahl, T.

    1976-01-01

    Compton scattering on hydrogen, deuterium and heavy nuclei up to hold was studied at very small momentum transfer and at two energies. Measurements were carried out in the region 0.002LT= /t/ LT=0.06 (GeV/c)**2 at 5 GeV and in the region 0.001 LT=/t/LT=0.02 (GeV/c)**2 at 3 GeV. (orig.) [de

  6. CRUSER 2015, TechCon, Robots in the Roses, Robo-Ethics [video

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    CRUSER 2015 events Technical Consortium Robots in the Roses Robo-Ethics Ray Buettner, CRUSER Director Tim Chung, CRUSER Deputy Director LT Raymond Davis, Systems Engineering student LT Patrick Livesay, Systems Engineering student LT Eric Beaty, National Security Affairs student Matt Kiefer, recent distance learning graduate

  7. Page 1 "C e:::::l0•..Cl e: -" s: (,)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The unit once again got a new commanding officer when Lt D. Mills was promoted to captain on 29 October 1952. On 9 March 1953 tragedy struck the Squa- dron when two Harvards collided in mid-air over Blaauwberg. 2 Lt M. Crous and 2 Lt P. Theron were killed instantly when their air- craft was struck by a Harvard piloted ...

  8. The Antiaircraft Journal. Volume 94, Number 4, July-August 1953

    Science.gov (United States)

    1953-08-01

    JOHN A. 1\\lATTAS TIle writer of the following received _his commissioll from Virgillia Polytech- nic Institllte in 1939. Dllrillg "Varld \\Var II he...officer of Leaders Course. Other members of the staff include Lt. Robert G. Mangum, S3 officer, and Lt. Sam H. Biddle , Ad- jutant. Lt. Mangum has the

  9. Pre-Transplant Aerobic Capacity and Prolonged Hospitalization After Liver Transplantation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eliane Viana Mancuzo

    2015-05-01

    Conclusions: In LT candidates, a reduced pre-VO2peak may predict a higher risk of greater pos-LT length of hospitalization. The length of ICU stay and postoperative mortality were not associated with variables studied. This finding should be evaluated in other studies before making specific recommendations about a routine use of CPET in LT candidates.

  10. The American Defense of Long Island 1776: Destined for Failure?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-01-01

    Smallwood’s Md. Cont., Col. William Smallwood Haslet’s Del. Cont., Col. John Haslet Pa. State Rifle Rgt., Col. Samuel Miles Pa. State Bn. ofMusketry, Col...Foot, Maj. Norman Lamont ofLamont 16th Light Dragoons, Lt. Col. William Harcourt 17th Light Dragoons, Lt. Col. Samuel Birch Corps de Reserve: Lt. Gen

  11. Variations of surface temparature with solar activity at two stations in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Nigeria Journal of Pure and Applied Physics ... A consistent and persistent diurnal variation in surface air temperature exists which shows an almost constant level in the early morning hours (0000 0600 hours LT.); a rise at sunrise till about 1500 hr LT., a subsequent fall to the constant level by about 1900 hr LT. at sunset.

  12. Neither Baseline nor Changes in Serum Triiodothyronine during Levothyroxine/Liothyronine Combination Therapy Predict a Positive Response to This Treatment Modality in Hypothyroid Patients with Persistent Symptoms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Medici, Bjarke Borregaard; la Cour, Jeppe Lerche; Michaelsson, Luba Freja

    2017-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Despite biochemical euthyroidism, some levothyroxine (L-T4)-treated hypothyroid patients report persisting symptoms and some of these patients are tentatively treated with a combination of L-T4 and liothyronine (L-T3). Combination therapy and the appropriate choice of blood tests to m...

  13. Modulation of the atmospheric quasi-biweekly oscillation on the diurnal variation of the occurrence frequency of the Tibetan Plateau vortices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Lun; Zhang, Renhe; Wen, Min

    2018-06-01

    In this study, modulation of the atmospheric quasi-biweekly oscillation (QBWO) on diurnal variation of the occurrence frequency of Tibetan Plateau vortices (TPVs) during May-August of 2000-2009 was investigated. The diurnal variations of the occurrence frequency of the TPVs (OFTPVs) and the related dynamic and thermodynamic features in the positive and negative phases of QBWO were compared. In both the positive and negative phases, the OFTPVs reaches the maximum from evening to midnight (18-00 LT, LT indicates the local time), and minimum from early morning to noon (06-12 LT). At 18 LT, there is strongest convergence at 500 hPa and ascending motion, as well as the most abundant net water vapor budget over the Tibetan Plateau, which is in favor of the precipitation and the related condensation latent heat release, corresponding to the maximum of OFTPVs in 18-00 LT. On the contrary, in the early morning at 06 LT, the conditions are most unfavorable for genesis of TPVs in 06-12 LT. QBWO leads to stronger convergence at 500 hPa, ascending motion as well as more massive water vapor in the positive phases than those in the negative phases, resulting in larger numbers of TPVs occur in all of the four periods of a day (00-06 LT, 06-12 LT, 12-18 LT, and 18-00 LT) in the former. The TPVs generating from the early morning to noon (06-12 LT) are weaker and more sensitive and fragile to the disadvantageous background, while the TPVs occurring from evening to midnight (18-00 LT) are stronger and seem to be well tolerated, leading to more remarkable contrast between the OFTPVs in the negative and positive phases in 06-12 LT than in 18-00 LT.

  14. Wrox SharePoint 2010 SharePoint911 three-pack

    CERN Document Server

    Klindt, Todd; Mason, Jennifer; Rogers, Laura; Drisgill, Randy; Ross, John; Riemann, Larry; Perran, Amanda; Perran, Shane; Sanford, Jacob J; Stubbs, Paul; Caravajal, Steve

    2012-01-01

    The Wrox SharePoint 2010 SharePoint911 Three-Pack combines the contents of three full e-books written by the experts from SharePoint911.  That's over 1800 pages of hands-on advice from Todd Klindt, Shane Young, Laura Rogers, Randy Drisgill, Jennifer Mason, John Ross, and Larry Riemann, among others. In Beginning SharePoint 2010: Building Business Solutions with SharePoint (ISBN 978-0-470-61789-2) by Amanda Perran, Shane Perran, Jennifer Mason, and Laura Rogers, readers learn the core concepts, terminology, and features of SharePoint 2010. In Professiona

  15. Seamless Integration of Detection and Therapy for Breast Cancer using Targeted Engineered Nanoparticles

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-06-01

    SERS Signal Reporters," Anal. Chem. (2006). 19. Choi, M.-R.; Stanton-Maxey, K. J.; Stanley, J. K.; Levin, C. S.; Bardhan , R.; Akin, D.; Badve, S... Bardhan , R.; Akin, D.; Badve, S.; Sturgis, J.; Robinson, J. P.; Bashir, R.; Halas, N. J.; Clare, S. E. A Cellular Trojan Horse for Delivery of...Stanton-Maxey,† Jennifer K. Stanley,† Carly S. Levin,‡,§ Rizia Bardhan ,‡,§ Demir Akin,| Sunil Badve,⊥ Jennifer Sturgis,# J. Paul Robinson,# Rashid

  16. Prevention and management of recurrence and metastasis of hepatocellular carcinoma after liver transplantation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JI Ru

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC is still a prevalent gastrointestinal cancer. Liver transplantation (LT is one of the main means in the comprehensive treatment of HCC because it radically removes the tumor. However, tumor recurrence and metastasis after LT remain the main obstacles to long-term survival. In recent years, substantial progress has been made in the diagnosis and treatment of HCC thanks to the technological improvement and experience accumulation worldwide. The HCC indications for LT, prediction of HCC recurrence and metastasis, perioperative management in LT, and comprehensive treatment of recurrent HCC after LT are reviewed.

  17. LIN28B polymorphisms are associated with central precocious puberty and early puberty in girls

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sung Won Park

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available &lt;B&gt;Purpose:&lt;/B&gt; Single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP markers within &lt;i&gt;LIN28B&lt;/i&gt; have been reported to be related to the timing of pubertal growth. However, no study has investigated the frequency of genetic markers in girls with precocious puberty (PP or early puberty (EP. This study aimed to determine the frequency of putative genetic markers in girls with PP or EP. &lt;B&gt;Methods:&lt;/B&gt; Genomic DNAs were obtained from 77 and 109 girls that fulfilled the criteria for PP and EP, respectively. The controls in this study were 144 healthy volunteers between 20 and 30 years of age. The haplotypes were reconstructed using 11 SNPs of &lt;i&gt;LIN28B&lt;/i&gt;, and haplotype association analysis was performed. The haplotype frequencies were compared. Differences in the clinical and laboratory parameters were analyzed according to the haplotype dosage. &lt;B&gt;Results:&lt;/B&gt; Eleven SNPs in &lt;i&gt;LIN28B&lt;/i&gt; were all located in a block that was in linkage disequilibrium. The haplotype could be reconstructed using 2 representative SNPs, rs4946651 and rs369065. The AC haplotype was less frequently observed in the PP group than in the controls (0.069 vs. 0.144, &lt;I&gt;P&lt;/I&gt;=0.010. The trend that girls with non-AC haplotypes tended to have earlier puberty onset (&lt;I&gt;P&lt;/I&gt;=0.037 was illustrated even in the EP+PP patient group by Kaplan-Meier analysis. &lt;B&gt;Conclusion:&lt;/B&gt; The results of the present study showed that non-AC haplotypes of &lt;i&gt;LIN28B&lt;/i&gt;had a significant association with PP in girls.

  18. The Role of Intestinal Bacteria in Acute Diarrheal Diseases

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-01-01

    another enteric pathogen, Vibrio cholerae , is present in high number in the cral cavity during acute and convalescent periods. Also, the buccal cells...h42 LT/ST + - - 2 K32&c4 AD) Kenya ... . .- r K32ScT All Kenya - LT - - - NT TD46ZcT ADY Mexfco 06:HT6 LT/ST - - - Z13 TD260cl AD Mexico 06:H16 LT...2 TD514c! AD Mexico .. . . NT TD472cI A Mexico LT/ST - - NT TD514cZ AD Mexico - NT "TABLE 1 CONTINUED 2 1 Enterotoxins MR-HA Pili 3 Human Strains

  19. Sensitization rates of airborne pollen and mold in children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    So Hyun Park

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available &lt;B&gt;Purpose:&lt;/b&gt; Aeroallergens are important causative factors of allergic diseases. Previous studies on aeroallergen sensitization rates investigated patients groups that had visited pediatric allergy clinics. In contrast, we investigated sensitization rates in a general population group of elementary school to teenage students in Incheon, Jeju, and Ulsan. &lt;b&gt;Methods:&lt;/B&gt; After obtaining parental consent, skin-prick tests were performed on 5,094 students between March and June 2010. Elementary school students were tested for 18 common aeroallergens, whereas middle and high school students were tested for 25 allergens. The 25 allergens included &lt;I&gt;Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus, Dermatophagoides farinae&lt;/I&gt;, pollen (birch, alder, oak, Japanese cedar, pine, willow, elm, maple, Bermuda grass, timothy grass, rye grass, orchard grass, meadow grass, vernal grass, mugwort, Japanese hop, fat hen, ragweed, and plantain, and mold (&lt;I&gt;Penicillatum, Aspergillus, Cladosporium, and Alternaria&lt;/I&gt;. &lt;b&gt;Results:&lt;/b&gt; The sensitization rates in descending order were 25.79% (&lt;I&gt;D. pteronyssinus&lt;/I&gt; , 18.66% (&lt;I&gt;D. farinae&lt;/I&gt; , 6.20% (mugwort, and 4.07% (willow in Incheon; 33.35% (&lt;I&gt;D. pteronyssinus&lt;/I&gt; , 24.78% (&lt;I&gt;D. farinae&lt;/I&gt;, 15.36% (Japanese cedar, and 7.33% (Alternaria in Jeju; and 32.79% (D. pteronyssinus, 30.27% (D. farinae, 10.13% (alder, and 8.68% (birch in Ulsan. The dust mite allergen showed the highest sensitization rate among the 3 regions. The sensitization rate of tree pollen was the highest in Ulsan, whereas that of Alternaria was the highest in Jeju. The ragweed sensitization rates were 0.99% in Incheon, 1.07% in Jeju, and 0.81% in Ulsan. &lt;b&gt;Conclusion:&lt;/b&gt; The

  20. Human T-lymphotropic virus type I tax regulates the expression of the human lymphotoxin gene.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tschachler, E; Böhnlein, E; Felzmann, S; Reitz, M S

    1993-01-01

    Human T-lymphotropic virus type-I (HTLV-I)-infected T-cell lines constitutively produce high levels of lymphotoxin (LT). To analyze the mechanisms that lead to the expression of LT in HTLV-I-infected cell lines, we studied regulatory regions of the human LT promoter involved in the activation of the human LT gene. As determined by deletional analysis, sequences between +137 and -116 (relative to the transcription initiation site) are sufficient to direct expression of a reporter gene in the HTLV-I-infected cell line MT-2. Site-directed mutation of a of the single kappa B-like motif present in the LT promoter region (positions -99 to -89) completely abrogated LT promoter activity in MT-2 cells, suggesting that this site plays a critical role in the activation of the human LT gene. Transfection of LT constructs into HTLV-I-uninfected and -unstimulated Jurkat and U937 cell lines showed little to no activity of the LT promoter. Cotransfection of the same constructs with a tax expression plasmid into Jurkat cells led to detectable promoter activity, which could be significantly increased by stimulation of the cells with phorbol myristate acetate (PMA). Similarly, cotransfection of the LT promoter constructs and the tax expression plasmid into U937 cells led to significant promoter activity upon stimulation with PMA. These data suggest that HTLV-I tax is involved in the upregulation of LT gene expression in HTLV-I-infected cells.

  1. Lung Transplantation for Cystic Fibrosis: Results, Indications, Complications, and Controversies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lynch, Joseph P.; Sayah, David M.; Belperio, John A.; Weigt, S. Sam

    2016-01-01

    Survival in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) has improved dramatically over the past 30 to 40 years, with mean survival now approximately 40 years. Nonetheless, progressive respiratory insufficiency remains the major cause of mortality in CF patients, and lung transplantation (LT) is eventually required. Timing of listing for LT is critical, because up to 25 to 41% of CF patients have died while awaiting LT. Globally, approximately 16.4% of lung transplants are performed in adults with CF. Survival rates for LT recipients with CF are superior to other indications, yet LT is associated with substantial morbidity and mortality (~50% at 5-year survival rates). Myriad complications of LT include allograft failure (acute or chronic), opportunistic infections, and complications of chronic immunosuppressive medications (including malignancy). Determining which patients are candidates for LT is difficult, and survival benefit remains uncertain. In this review, we discuss when LT should be considered, criteria for identifying candidates, contraindications to LT, results post-LT, and specific complications that may be associated with LT. Infectious complications that may complicate CF (particularly Burkholderia cepacia spp., opportunistic fungi, and nontuberculous mycobacteria) are discussed. PMID:25826595

  2. Measurement of the ZZ production cross section and search for anomalous couplings in 2l2l' final states in pp collisions at $\\sqrt{s}$=7 TeV

    CERN Document Server

    Chatrchyan, Serguei; Sirunyan, Albert M; Tumasyan, Armen; Adam, Wolfgang; Aguilo, Ernest; Bergauer, Thomas; Dragicevic, Marko; Erö, Janos; Fabjan, Christian; Friedl, Markus; Fruehwirth, Rudolf; Ghete, Vasile Mihai; Hammer, Josef; Hörmann, Natascha; Hrubec, Josef; Jeitler, Manfred; Kiesenhofer, Wolfgang; Knünz, Valentin; Krammer, Manfred; Krätschmer, Ilse; Liko, Dietrich; Mikulec, Ivan; Pernicka, Manfred; Rahbaran, Babak; Rohringer, Christine; Rohringer, Herbert; Schöfbeck, Robert; Strauss, Josef; Taurok, Anton; Waltenberger, Wolfgang; Walzel, Gerhard; Widl, Edmund; Wulz, Claudia-Elisabeth; Mossolov, Vladimir; Shumeiko, Nikolai; Suarez Gonzalez, Juan; Bansal, Monika; Bansal, Sunil; Cornelis, Tom; De Wolf, Eddi A; Janssen, Xavier; Luyckx, Sten; Mucibello, Luca; Ochesanu, Silvia; Roland, Benoit; Rougny, Romain; Selvaggi, Michele; Staykova, Zlatka; Van Haevermaet, Hans; Van Mechelen, Pierre; Van Remortel, Nick; Van Spilbeeck, Alex; Blekman, Freya; Blyweert, Stijn; D'Hondt, Jorgen; Gonzalez Suarez, Rebeca; Kalogeropoulos, Alexis; Maes, Michael; Olbrechts, Annik; Van Doninck, Walter; Van Mulders, Petra; Van Onsem, Gerrit Patrick; Villella, Ilaria; Clerbaux, Barbara; De Lentdecker, Gilles; Dero, Vincent; Gay, Arnaud; Hreus, Tomas; Léonard, Alexandre; Marage, Pierre Edouard; Mohammadi, Abdollah; Reis, Thomas; Thomas, Laurent; Vander Marcken, Gil; Vander Velde, Catherine; Vanlaer, Pascal; Wang, Jian; Adler, Volker; Beernaert, Kelly; Cimmino, Anna; Costantini, Silvia; Garcia, Guillaume; Grunewald, Martin; Klein, Benjamin; Lellouch, Jérémie; Marinov, Andrey; Mccartin, Joseph; Ocampo Rios, Alberto Andres; Ryckbosch, Dirk; Strobbe, Nadja; Thyssen, Filip; Tytgat, Michael; Walsh, Sinead; Yazgan, Efe; Zaganidis, Nicolas; Basegmez, Suzan; Bruno, Giacomo; Castello, Roberto; Ceard, Ludivine; Delaere, Christophe; Du Pree, Tristan; Favart, Denis; Forthomme, Laurent; Giammanco, Andrea; Hollar, Jonathan; Lemaitre, Vincent; Liao, Junhui; Militaru, Otilia; Nuttens, Claude; Pagano, Davide; Pin, Arnaud; Piotrzkowski, Krzysztof; Schul, Nicolas; Vizan Garcia, Jesus Manuel; Beliy, Nikita; Caebergs, Thierry; Daubie, Evelyne; Hammad, Gregory Habib; Alves, Gilvan; Correa Martins Junior, Marcos; Martins, Thiago; Pol, Maria Elena; Henrique Gomes E Souza, Moacyr; Aldá Júnior, Walter Luiz; Carvalho, Wagner; Custódio, Analu; Melo Da Costa, Eliza; De Jesus Damiao, Dilson; De Oliveira Martins, Carley; Fonseca De Souza, Sandro; Matos Figueiredo, Diego; Mundim, Luiz; Nogima, Helio; Prado Da Silva, Wanda Lucia; Santoro, Alberto; Soares Jorge, Luana; Sznajder, Andre; Vilela Pereira, Antonio; Souza Dos Anjos, Tiago; Bernardes, Cesar Augusto; De Almeida Dias, Flavia; Tomei, Thiago; De Moraes Gregores, Eduardo; Lagana, Caio; Da Cunha Marinho, Franciole; Mercadante, Pedro G; Novaes, Sergio F; Padula, Sandra; Genchev, Vladimir; Iaydjiev, Plamen; Piperov, Stefan; Rodozov, Mircho; Stoykova, Stefka; Sultanov, Georgi; Tcholakov, Vanio; Trayanov, Rumen; Vutova, Mariana; Dimitrov, Anton; Hadjiiska, Roumyana; Kozhuharov, Venelin; Litov, Leander; Pavlov, Borislav; Petkov, Peicho; Bian, Jian-Guo; Chen, Guo-Ming; Chen, He-Sheng; Jiang, Chun-Hua; Liang, Dong; Liang, Song; Meng, Xiangwei; Tao, Junquan; Wang, Jian; Wang, Xianyou; Wang, Zheng; Xiao, Hong; Xu, Ming; Zang, Jingjing; Zhang, Zhen; Asawatangtrakuldee, Chayanit; Ban, Yong; Guo, Yifei; Li, Wenbo; Liu, Shuai; Mao, Yajun; Qian, Si-Jin; Teng, Haiyun; Wang, Dayong; Zhang, Linlin; Zou, Wei; Avila, Carlos; Gomez, Juan Pablo; Gomez Moreno, Bernardo; Osorio Oliveros, Andres Felipe; Sanabria, Juan Carlos; Godinovic, Nikola; Lelas, Damir; Plestina, Roko; Polic, Dunja; Puljak, Ivica; Antunovic, Zeljko; Kovac, Marko; Brigljevic, Vuko; Duric, Senka; Kadija, Kreso; Luetic, Jelena; Morovic, Srecko; Attikis, Alexandros; Galanti, Mario; Mavromanolakis, Georgios; Mousa, Jehad; Nicolaou, Charalambos; Ptochos, Fotios; Razis, Panos A; Finger, Miroslav; Finger Jr, Michael; Assran, Yasser; Elgammal, Sherif; Ellithi Kamel, Ali; Mahmoud, Mohammed; Radi, Amr; Kadastik, Mario; Müntel, Mait; Raidal, Martti; Rebane, Liis; Tiko, Andres; Eerola, Paula; Fedi, Giacomo; Voutilainen, Mikko; Härkönen, Jaakko; Heikkinen, Mika Aatos; Karimäki, Veikko; Kinnunen, Ritva; Kortelainen, Matti J; Lampén, Tapio; Lassila-Perini, Kati; Lehti, Sami; Lindén, Tomas; Luukka, Panja-Riina; Mäenpää, Teppo; Peltola, Timo; Tuominen, Eija; Tuominiemi, Jorma; Tuovinen, Esa; Ungaro, Donatella; Wendland, Lauri; Banzuzi, Kukka; Karjalainen, Ahti; Korpela, Arja; Tuuva, Tuure; Besancon, Marc; Choudhury, Somnath; Dejardin, Marc; Denegri, Daniel; Fabbro, Bernard; Faure, Jean-Louis; Ferri, Federico; Ganjour, Serguei; Givernaud, Alain; Gras, Philippe; Hamel de Monchenault, Gautier; Jarry, Patrick; Locci, Elizabeth; Malcles, Julie; Millischer, Laurent; Nayak, Aruna; Rander, John; Rosowsky, André; Shreyber, Irina; Titov, Maksym; Baffioni, Stephanie; Beaudette, Florian; Benhabib, Lamia; Bianchini, Lorenzo; Bluj, Michal; Broutin, Clementine; Busson, Philippe; Charlot, Claude; Daci, Nadir; Dahms, Torsten; Dalchenko, Mykhailo; Dobrzynski, Ludwik; Florent, Alice; Granier de Cassagnac, Raphael; Haguenauer, Maurice; Miné, Philippe; Mironov, Camelia; Naranjo, Ivo Nicolas; Nguyen, Matthew; Ochando, Christophe; Paganini, Pascal; Sabes, David; Salerno, Roberto; Sirois, Yves; Veelken, Christian; Zabi, Alexandre; Agram, Jean-Laurent; Andrea, Jeremy; Bloch, Daniel; Bodin, David; Brom, Jean-Marie; Cardaci, Marco; Chabert, Eric Christian; Collard, Caroline; Conte, Eric; Drouhin, Frédéric; Ferro, Cristina; Fontaine, Jean-Charles; Gelé, Denis; Goerlach, Ulrich; Juillot, Pierre; Le Bihan, Anne-Catherine; Van Hove, Pierre; Fassi, Farida; Mercier, Damien; Beauceron, Stephanie; Beaupere, Nicolas; Bondu, Olivier; Boudoul, Gaelle; Chasserat, Julien; Chierici, Roberto; Contardo, Didier; Depasse, Pierre; El Mamouni, Houmani; Fay, Jean; Gascon, Susan; Gouzevitch, Maxime; Ille, Bernard; Kurca, Tibor; Lethuillier, Morgan; Mirabito, Laurent; Perries, Stephane; Sgandurra, Louis; Sordini, Viola; Tschudi, Yohann; Verdier, Patrice; Viret, Sébastien; Tsamalaidze, Zviad; Anagnostou, Georgios; Autermann, Christian; Beranek, Sarah; Calpas, Betty; Edelhoff, Matthias; Feld, Lutz; Heracleous, Natalie; Hindrichs, Otto; Jussen, Ruediger; Klein, Katja; Merz, Jennifer; Ostapchuk, Andrey; Perieanu, Adrian; Raupach, Frank; Sammet, Jan; Schael, Stefan; Sprenger, Daniel; Weber, Hendrik; Wittmer, Bruno; Zhukov, Valery; Ata, Metin; Caudron, Julien; Dietz-Laursonn, Erik; Duchardt, Deborah; Erdmann, Martin; Fischer, Robert; Güth, Andreas; Hebbeker, Thomas; Heidemann, Carsten; Hoepfner, Kerstin; Klingebiel, Dennis; Kreuzer, Peter; Merschmeyer, Markus; Meyer, Arnd; Olschewski, Mark; Papacz, Paul; Pieta, Holger; Reithler, Hans; Schmitz, Stefan Antonius; Sonnenschein, Lars; Steggemann, Jan; Teyssier, Daniel; Thüer, Sebastian; Weber, Martin; Bontenackels, Michael; Cherepanov, Vladimir; Erdogan, Yusuf; Flügge, Günter; Geenen, Heiko; Geisler, Matthias; Haj Ahmad, Wael; Hoehle, Felix; Kargoll, Bastian; Kress, Thomas; Kuessel, Yvonne; Lingemann, Joschka; Nowack, Andreas; Perchalla, Lars; Pooth, Oliver; Sauerland, Philip; Stahl, Achim; Aldaya Martin, Maria; Behr, Joerg; Behrenhoff, Wolf; Behrens, Ulf; Bergholz, Matthias; Bethani, Agni; Borras, Kerstin; Burgmeier, Armin; Cakir, Altan; Calligaris, Luigi; Campbell, Alan; Castro, Elena; Costanza, Francesco; Dammann, Dirk; Diez Pardos, Carmen; Eckerlin, Guenter; Eckstein, Doris; Flucke, Gero; Geiser, Achim; Glushkov, Ivan; Gunnellini, Paolo; Habib, Shiraz; Hauk, Johannes; Hellwig, Gregor; Jung, Hannes; Kasemann, Matthias; Katsas, Panagiotis; Kleinwort, Claus; Kluge, Hannelies; Knutsson, Albert; Krämer, Mira; Krücker, Dirk; Kuznetsova, Ekaterina; Lange, Wolfgang; Lohmann, Wolfgang; Lutz, Benjamin; Mankel, Rainer; Marfin, Ihar; Marienfeld, Markus; Melzer-Pellmann, Isabell-Alissandra; Meyer, Andreas Bernhard; Mnich, Joachim; Mussgiller, Andreas; Naumann-Emme, Sebastian; Novgorodova, Olga; Olzem, Jan; Perrey, Hanno; Petrukhin, Alexey; Pitzl, Daniel; Raspereza, Alexei; Ribeiro Cipriano, Pedro M; Riedl, Caroline; Ron, Elias; Rosin, Michele; Salfeld-Nebgen, Jakob; Schmidt, Ringo; Schoerner-Sadenius, Thomas; Sen, Niladri; Spiridonov, Alexander; Stein, Matthias; Walsh, Roberval; Wissing, Christoph; Blobel, Volker; Draeger, Jula; Enderle, Holger; Erfle, Joachim; Gebbert, Ulla; Görner, Martin; Hermanns, Thomas; Höing, Rebekka Sophie; Kaschube, Kolja; Kaussen, Gordon; Kirschenmann, Henning; Klanner, Robert; Lange, Jörn; Mura, Benedikt; Nowak, Friederike; Peiffer, Thomas; Pietsch, Niklas; Rathjens, Denis; Sander, Christian; Schettler, Hannes; Schleper, Peter; Schlieckau, Eike; Schmidt, Alexander; Schröder, Matthias; Schum, Torben; Seidel, Markus; Sibille, Jennifer; Sola, Valentina; Stadie, Hartmut; Steinbrück, Georg; Thomsen, Jan; Vanelderen, Lukas; Barth, Christian; Berger, Joram; Böser, Christian; Chwalek, Thorsten; De Boer, Wim; Descroix, Alexis; Dierlamm, Alexander; Feindt, Michael; Guthoff, Moritz; Hackstein, Christoph; Hartmann, Frank; Hauth, Thomas; Heinrich, Michael; Held, Hauke; Hoffmann, Karl-Heinz; Husemann, Ulrich; Katkov, Igor; Komaragiri, Jyothsna Rani; Lobelle Pardo, Patricia; Martschei, Daniel; Mueller, Steffen; Müller, Thomas; Niegel, Martin; Nürnberg, Andreas; Oberst, Oliver; Oehler, Andreas; Ott, Jochen; Quast, Gunter; Rabbertz, Klaus; Ratnikov, Fedor; Ratnikova, Natalia; Röcker, Steffen; Schilling, Frank-Peter; Schott, Gregory; Simonis, Hans-Jürgen; Stober, Fred-Markus Helmut; Troendle, Daniel; Ulrich, Ralf; Wagner-Kuhr, Jeannine; Wayand, Stefan; Weiler, Thomas; Zeise, Manuel; Daskalakis, Georgios; Geralis, Theodoros; Kesisoglou, Stilianos; Kyriakis, Aristotelis; Loukas, Demetrios; Manolakos, Ioannis; Markou, Athanasios; Markou, Christos; Mavrommatis, Charalampos; Ntomari, Eleni; Gouskos, Loukas; Mertzimekis, Theodoros; Panagiotou, Apostolos; Saoulidou, Niki; Evangelou, Ioannis; Foudas, Costas; Kokkas, Panagiotis; Manthos, Nikolaos; Papadopoulos, Ioannis; Patras, Vaios; Bencze, Gyorgy; Hajdu, Csaba; Hidas, Pàl; Horvath, Dezso; Sikler, Ferenc; Veszpremi, Viktor; Vesztergombi, Gyorgy; Beni, Noemi; Czellar, Sandor; Molnar, Jozsef; Palinkas, Jozsef; Szillasi, Zoltan; Karancsi, János; Raics, Peter; Trocsanyi, Zoltan Laszlo; Ujvari, Balazs; Beri, Suman Bala; Bhatnagar, Vipin; Dhingra, Nitish; Gupta, Ruchi; Kaur, Manjit; Mehta, Manuk Zubin; Nishu, Nishu; Saini, Lovedeep Kaur; Sharma, Archana; Singh, Jasbir; Kumar, Ashok; Kumar, Arun; Ahuja, Sudha; Bhardwaj, Ashutosh; Choudhary, Brajesh C; Malhotra, Shivali; Naimuddin, Md; Ranjan, Kirti; Sharma, Varun; Shivpuri, Ram Krishen; Banerjee, Sunanda; Bhattacharya, Satyaki; Dutta, Suchandra; Gomber, Bhawna; Jain, Sandhya; Jain, Shilpi; Khurana, Raman; Sarkar, Subir; Sharan, Manoj; Abdulsalam, Abdulla; Dutta, Dipanwita; Kailas, Swaminathan; Kumar, Vineet; Mohanty, Ajit Kumar; Pant, Lalit Mohan; Shukla, Prashant; Aziz, Tariq; Ganguly, Sanmay; Guchait, Monoranjan; Maity, Manas; Majumder, Gobinda; Mazumdar, Kajari; Mohanty, Gagan Bihari; Parida, Bibhuti; Sudhakar, Katta; Wickramage, Nadeesha; Banerjee, Sudeshna; Dugad, Shashikant; Arfaei, Hessamaddin; Bakhshiansohi, Hamed; Etesami, Seyed Mohsen; Fahim, Ali; Hashemi, Majid; Hesari, Hoda; Jafari, Abideh; Khakzad, Mohsen; Mohammadi Najafabadi, Mojtaba; Paktinat Mehdiabadi, Saeid; Safarzadeh, Batool; Zeinali, Maryam; Abbrescia, Marcello; Barbone, Lucia; Calabria, Cesare; Chhibra, Simranjit Singh; Colaleo, Anna; Creanza, Donato; De Filippis, Nicola; De Palma, Mauro; Fiore, Luigi; Iaselli, Giuseppe; Maggi, Giorgio; Maggi, Marcello; Marangelli, Bartolomeo; My, Salvatore; Nuzzo, Salvatore; Pacifico, Nicola; Pompili, Alexis; Pugliese, Gabriella; Selvaggi, Giovanna; Silvestris, Lucia; Singh, Gurpreet; Venditti, Rosamaria; Verwilligen, Piet; Zito, Giuseppe; Abbiendi, Giovanni; Benvenuti, Alberto; Bonacorsi, Daniele; Braibant-Giacomelli, Sylvie; Brigliadori, Luca; Capiluppi, Paolo; Castro, Andrea; Cavallo, Francesca Romana; Cuffiani, Marco; Dallavalle, Gaetano-Marco; Fabbri, Fabrizio; Fanfani, Alessandra; Fasanella, Daniele; Giacomelli, Paolo; Grandi, Claudio; Guiducci, Luigi; Marcellini, Stefano; Masetti, Gianni; Meneghelli, Marco; Montanari, Alessandro; Navarria, Francesco; Odorici, Fabrizio; Perrotta, Andrea; Primavera, Federica; Rossi, Antonio; Rovelli, Tiziano; Siroli, Gian Piero; Tosi, Nicolò; Travaglini, Riccardo; Albergo, Sebastiano; Cappello, Gigi; Chiorboli, Massimiliano; Costa, Salvatore; Potenza, Renato; Tricomi, Alessia; Tuve, Cristina; Barbagli, Giuseppe; Ciulli, Vitaliano; Civinini, Carlo; D'Alessandro, Raffaello; Focardi, Ettore; Frosali, Simone; Gallo, Elisabetta; Gonzi, Sandro; Meschini, Marco; Paoletti, Simone; Sguazzoni, Giacomo; Tropiano, Antonio; Benussi, Luigi; Bianco, Stefano; Colafranceschi, Stefano; Fabbri, Franco; Piccolo, Davide; Fabbricatore, Pasquale; Musenich, Riccardo; Tosi, Silvano; Benaglia, Andrea; De Guio, Federico; Di Matteo, Leonardo; Fiorendi, Sara; Gennai, Simone; Ghezzi, Alessio; Malvezzi, Sandra; Manzoni, Riccardo Andrea; Martelli, Arabella; Massironi, Andrea; Menasce, Dario; Moroni, Luigi; Paganoni, Marco; Pedrini, Daniele; Ragazzi, Stefano; Redaelli, Nicola; Sala, Silvano; Tabarelli de Fatis, Tommaso; Buontempo, Salvatore; Carrillo Montoya, Camilo Andres; Cavallo, Nicola; De Cosa, Annapaola; Dogangun, Oktay; Fabozzi, Francesco; Iorio, Alberto Orso Maria; Lista, Luca; Meola, Sabino; Merola, Mario; Paolucci, Pierluigi; Azzi, Patrizia; Bacchetta, Nicola; Bellan, Paolo; Bisello, Dario; Branca, Antonio; Carlin, Roberto; Checchia, Paolo; Dorigo, Tommaso; Dosselli, Umberto; Gasparini, Fabrizio; Gasparini, Ugo; Gozzelino, Andrea; Kanishchev, Konstantin; Lacaprara, Stefano; Lazzizzera, Ignazio; Margoni, Martino; Meneguzzo, Anna Teresa; Nespolo, Massimo; Pazzini, Jacopo; Ronchese, Paolo; Simonetto, Franco; Torassa, Ezio; Vanini, Sara; Zotto, Pierluigi; Zumerle, Gianni; Gabusi, Michele; Ratti, Sergio P; Riccardi, Cristina; Torre, Paola; Vitulo, Paolo; Biasini, Maurizio; Bilei, Gian Mario; Fanò, Livio; Lariccia, Paolo; Mantovani, Giancarlo; Menichelli, Mauro; Nappi, Aniello; Romeo, Francesco; Saha, Anirban; Santocchia, Attilio; Spiezia, Aniello; Taroni, Silvia; Azzurri, Paolo; Bagliesi, Giuseppe; Bernardini, Jacopo; Boccali, Tommaso; Broccolo, Giuseppe; Castaldi, Rino; D'Agnolo, Raffaele Tito; Dell'Orso, Roberto; Fiori, Francesco; Foà, Lorenzo; Giassi, Alessandro; Kraan, Aafke; Ligabue, Franco; Lomtadze, Teimuraz; Martini, Luca; Messineo, Alberto; Palla, Fabrizio; Rizzi, Andrea; Serban, Alin Titus; Spagnolo, Paolo; Squillacioti, Paola; Tenchini, Roberto; Tonelli, Guido; Venturi, Andrea; Verdini, Piero Giorgio; Barone, Luciano; Cavallari, Francesca; Del Re, Daniele; Diemoz, Marcella; Fanelli, Cristiano; Grassi, Marco; Longo, Egidio; Meridiani, Paolo; Micheli, Francesco; Nourbakhsh, Shervin; Organtini, Giovanni; Paramatti, Riccardo; Rahatlou, Shahram; Sigamani, Michael; Soffi, Livia; Amapane, Nicola; Arcidiacono, Roberta; Argiro, Stefano; Arneodo, Michele; Biino, Cristina; Cartiglia, Nicolo; Costa, Marco; Demaria, Natale; Mariotti, Chiara; Maselli, Silvia; Migliore, Ernesto; Monaco, Vincenzo; Musich, Marco; Obertino, Maria Margherita; Pastrone, Nadia; Pelliccioni, Mario; Potenza, Alberto; Romero, Alessandra; Ruspa, Marta; Sacchi, Roberto; Solano, Ada; Staiano, Amedeo; Belforte, Stefano; Candelise, Vieri; Casarsa, Massimo; Cossutti, Fabio; Della Ricca, Giuseppe; Gobbo, Benigno; Marone, Matteo; Montanino, Damiana; Penzo, Aldo; Schizzi, Andrea; Heo, Seong Gu; Kim, Tae Yeon; Nam, Soon-Kwon; Chang, Sunghyun; Kim, Dong Hee; Kim, Gui Nyun; Kong, Dae Jung; Park, Hyangkyu; Ro, Sang-Ryul; Son, Dong-Chul; Son, Taejin; Kim, Jae Yool; Kim, Zero Jaeho; Song, Sanghyeon; Choi, Suyong; Gyun, Dooyeon; Hong, Byung-Sik; Jo, Mihee; Kim, Hyunchul; Kim, Tae Jeong; Lee, Kyong Sei; Moon, Dong Ho; Park, Sung Keun; Choi, Minkyoo; Kim, Ji Hyun; Park, Chawon; Park, Inkyu; Park, Sangnam; Ryu, Geonmo; Cho, Yongjin; Choi, Young-Il; Choi, Young Kyu; Goh, Junghwan; Kim, Min Suk; Kwon, Eunhyang; Lee, Byounghoon; Lee, Jongseok; Lee, Sungeun; Seo, Hyunkwan; Yu, Intae; Bilinskas, Mykolas Jurgis; Grigelionis, Ignas; Janulis, Mindaugas; Juodagalvis, Andrius; Castilla-Valdez, Heriberto; De La Cruz-Burelo, Eduard; Heredia-de La Cruz, Ivan; Lopez-Fernandez, Ricardo; Magaña Villalba, Ricardo; Martínez-Ortega, Jorge; Sánchez Hernández, Alberto; Villasenor-Cendejas, Luis Manuel; Carrillo Moreno, Salvador; Vazquez Valencia, Fabiola; Salazar Ibarguen, Humberto Antonio; Casimiro Linares, Edgar; Morelos Pineda, Antonio; Reyes-Santos, Marco A; Krofcheck, David; Bell, Alan James; Butler, Philip H; Doesburg, Robert; Reucroft, Steve; Silverwood, Hamish; Ahmad, Muhammad; Asghar, Muhammad Irfan; Butt, Jamila; Hoorani, Hafeez R; Khalid, Shoaib; Khan, Wajid Ali; Khurshid, Taimoor; Qazi, Shamona; Shah, Mehar Ali; Shoaib, Muhammad; Bialkowska, Helena; Boimska, Bozena; Frueboes, Tomasz; Gokieli, Ryszard; Górski, Maciej; Kazana, Malgorzata; Nawrocki, Krzysztof; Romanowska-Rybinska, Katarzyna; Szleper, Michal; Wrochna, Grzegorz; Zalewski, Piotr; Brona, Grzegorz; Bunkowski, Karol; Cwiok, Mikolaj; Dominik, Wojciech; Doroba, Krzysztof; Kalinowski, Artur; Konecki, Marcin; Krolikowski, Jan; Almeida, Nuno; Bargassa, Pedrame; David Tinoco Mendes, Andre; Faccioli, Pietro; Ferreira Parracho, Pedro Guilherme; Gallinaro, Michele; Seixas, Joao; Varela, Joao; Vischia, Pietro; Belotelov, Ivan; Bunin, Pavel; Golutvin, Igor; Gorbunov, Ilya; Kamenev, Alexey; Karjavin, Vladimir; Kozlov, Guennady; Lanev, Alexander; Malakhov, Alexander; Moisenz, Petr; Palichik, Vladimir; Perelygin, Victor; Savina, Maria; Shmatov, Sergey; Smirnov, Vitaly; Volodko, Anton; Zarubin, Anatoli; Evstyukhin, Sergey; Golovtsov, Victor; Ivanov, Yury; Kim, Victor; Levchenko, Petr; Murzin, Victor; Oreshkin, Vadim; Smirnov, Igor; Sulimov, Valentin; Uvarov, Lev; Vavilov, Sergey; Vorobyev, Alexey; Vorobyev, Andrey; Andreev, Yuri; Dermenev, Alexander; Gninenko, Sergei; Golubev, Nikolai; Kirsanov, Mikhail; Krasnikov, Nikolai; Matveev, Viktor; Pashenkov, Anatoli; Tlisov, Danila; Toropin, Alexander; Epshteyn, Vladimir; Erofeeva, Maria; Gavrilov, Vladimir; Kossov, Mikhail; Lychkovskaya, Natalia; Popov, Vladimir; Safronov, Grigory; Semenov, Sergey; Stolin, Viatcheslav; Vlasov, Evgueni; Zhokin, Alexander; Belyaev, Andrey; Boos, Edouard; Dubinin, Mikhail; Dudko, Lev; Ershov, Alexander; Gribushin, Andrey; Klyukhin, Vyacheslav; Kodolova, Olga; Lokhtin, Igor; Markina, Anastasia; Obraztsov, Stepan; Perfilov, Maxim; Petrushanko, Sergey; Popov, Andrey; Sarycheva, Ludmila; Savrin, Viktor; Snigirev, Alexander; Andreev, Vladimir; Azarkin, Maksim; Dremin, Igor; Kirakosyan, Martin; Leonidov, Andrey; Mesyats, Gennady; Rusakov, Sergey V; Vinogradov, Alexey; Azhgirey, Igor; Bayshev, Igor; Bitioukov, Sergei; Grishin, Viatcheslav; Kachanov, Vassili; Konstantinov, Dmitri; Krychkine, Victor; Petrov, Vladimir; Ryutin, Roman; Sobol, Andrei; Tourtchanovitch, Leonid; Troshin, Sergey; Tyurin, Nikolay; Uzunian, Andrey; Volkov, Alexey; Adzic, Petar; Djordjevic, Milos; Ekmedzic, Marko; Krpic, Dragomir; Milosevic, Jovan; Aguilar-Benitez, Manuel; Alcaraz Maestre, Juan; Arce, Pedro; Battilana, Carlo; Calvo, Enrique; Cerrada, Marcos; Chamizo Llatas, Maria; Colino, Nicanor; De La Cruz, Begona; Delgado Peris, Antonio; Domínguez Vázquez, Daniel; Fernandez Bedoya, Cristina; Fernández Ramos, Juan Pablo; Ferrando, Antonio; Flix, Jose; Fouz, Maria Cruz; Garcia-Abia, Pablo; Gonzalez Lopez, Oscar; Goy Lopez, Silvia; Hernandez, Jose M; Josa, Maria Isabel; Merino, Gonzalo; Puerta Pelayo, Jesus; Quintario Olmeda, Adrián; Redondo, Ignacio; Romero, Luciano; Santaolalla, Javier; Senghi Soares, Mara; Willmott, Carlos; Albajar, Carmen; Codispoti, Giuseppe; de Trocóniz, Jorge F; Brun, Hugues; Cuevas, Javier; Fernandez Menendez, Javier; Folgueras, Santiago; Gonzalez Caballero, Isidro; Lloret Iglesias, Lara; Piedra Gomez, Jonatan; Brochero Cifuentes, Javier Andres; Cabrillo, Iban Jose; Calderon, Alicia; Chuang, Shan-Huei; Duarte Campderros, Jordi; Felcini, Marta; Fernandez, Marcos; Gomez, Gervasio; Gonzalez Sanchez, Javier; Graziano, Alberto; Jorda, Clara; Lopez Virto, Amparo; Marco, Jesus; Marco, Rafael; Martinez Rivero, Celso; Matorras, Francisco; Munoz Sanchez, Francisca Javiela; Rodrigo, Teresa; Rodríguez-Marrero, Ana Yaiza; Ruiz-Jimeno, Alberto; Scodellaro, Luca; Vila, Ivan; Vilar Cortabitarte, Rocio; Abbaneo, Duccio; Auffray, Etiennette; Auzinger, Georg; Bachtis, Michail; Baillon, Paul; Ball, Austin; Barney, David; Benitez, Jose F; Bernet, Colin; Bianchi, Giovanni; Bloch, Philippe; Bocci, Andrea; Bonato, Alessio; Botta, Cristina; Breuker, Horst; Camporesi, Tiziano; Cerminara, Gianluca; Christiansen, Tim; Coarasa Perez, Jose Antonio; D'Enterria, David; Dabrowski, Anne; De Roeck, Albert; Di Guida, Salvatore; Dobson, Marc; Dupont-Sagorin, Niels; Elliott-Peisert, Anna; Frisch, Benjamin; Funk, Wolfgang; Georgiou, Georgios; Giffels, Manuel; Gigi, Dominique; Gill, Karl; Giordano, Domenico; Girone, Maria; Giunta, Marina; Glege, Frank; Gomez-Reino Garrido, Robert; Govoni, Pietro; Gowdy, Stephen; Guida, Roberto; Hansen, Magnus; Harris, Philip; Hartl, Christian; Harvey, John; Hegner, Benedikt; Hinzmann, Andreas; Innocente, Vincenzo; Janot, Patrick; Kaadze, Ketino; Karavakis, Edward; Kousouris, Konstantinos; Lecoq, Paul; Lee, Yen-Jie; Lenzi, Piergiulio; Lourenco, Carlos; Magini, Nicolo; Maki, Tuula; Malberti, Martina; Malgeri, Luca; Mannelli, Marcello; Masetti, Lorenzo; Meijers, Frans; Mersi, Stefano; Meschi, Emilio; Moser, Roland; Mozer, Matthias Ulrich; Mulders, Martijn; Musella, Pasquale; Nesvold, Erik; Orimoto, Toyoko; Orsini, Luciano; Palencia Cortezon, Enrique; Perez, Emmanuelle; Perrozzi, Luca; Petrilli, Achille; Pfeiffer, Andreas; Pierini, Maurizio; Pimiä, Martti; Piparo, Danilo; Polese, Giovanni; Quertenmont, Loic; Racz, Attila; Reece, William; Rodrigues Antunes, Joao; Rolandi, Gigi; Rovelli, Chiara; Rovere, Marco; Sakulin, Hannes; Santanastasio, Francesco; Schäfer, Christoph; Schwick, Christoph; Segoni, Ilaria; Sekmen, Sezen; Sharma, Archana; Siegrist, Patrice; Silva, Pedro; Simon, Michal; Sphicas, Paraskevas; Spiga, Daniele; Tsirou, Andromachi; Veres, Gabor Istvan; Vlimant, Jean-Roch; Wöhri, Hermine Katharina; Worm, Steven; Zeuner, Wolfram Dietrich; Bertl, Willi; Deiters, Konrad; Erdmann, Wolfram; Gabathuler, Kurt; Horisberger, Roland; Ingram, Quentin; Kaestli, Hans-Christian; König, Stefan; Kotlinski, Danek; Langenegger, Urs; Meier, Frank; Renker, Dieter; Rohe, Tilman; Bäni, Lukas; Bortignon, Pierluigi; Buchmann, Marco-Andrea; Casal, Bruno; Chanon, Nicolas; Deisher, Amanda; Dissertori, Günther; Dittmar, Michael; Donegà, Mauro; Dünser, Marc; Eugster, Jürg; Freudenreich, Klaus; Grab, Christoph; Hits, Dmitry; Lecomte, Pierre; Lustermann, Werner; Marini, Andrea Carlo; Martinez Ruiz del Arbol, Pablo; Mohr, Niklas; Moortgat, Filip; Nägeli, Christoph; Nef, Pascal; Nessi-Tedaldi, Francesca; Pandolfi, Francesco; Pape, Luc; Pauss, Felicitas; Peruzzi, Marco; Ronga, Frederic Jean; Rossini, Marco; Sala, Leonardo; Sanchez, Ann - Karin; Starodumov, Andrei; Stieger, Benjamin; Takahashi, Maiko; Tauscher, Ludwig; Thea, Alessandro; Theofilatos, Konstantinos; Treille, Daniel; Urscheler, Christina; Wallny, Rainer; Weber, Hannsjoerg Artur; Wehrli, Lukas; Amsler, Claude; Chiochia, Vincenzo; De Visscher, Simon; Favaro, Carlotta; Ivova Rikova, Mirena; Millan Mejias, Barbara; Otiougova, Polina; Robmann, Peter; Snoek, Hella; Tupputi, Salvatore; Verzetti, Mauro; Chang, Yuan-Hann; Chen, Kuan-Hsin; Kuo, Chia-Ming; Li, Syue-Wei; Lin, Willis; Lu, Yun-Ju; Mekterovic, Darko; Singh, Anil; Volpe, Roberta; Yu, Shin-Shan; Bartalini, Paolo; Chang, Paoti; Chang, You-Hao; Chang, Yu-Wei; Chao, Yuan; Chen, Kai-Feng; Dietz, Charles; Grundler, Ulysses; Hou, George Wei-Shu; Hsiung, Yee; Kao, Kai-Yi; Lei, Yeong-Jyi; Lu, Rong-Shyang; Majumder, Devdatta; Petrakou, Eleni; Shi, Xin; Shiu, Jing-Ge; Tzeng, Yeng-Ming; Wan, Xia; Wang, Minzu; Asavapibhop, Burin; Srimanobhas, Norraphat; Adiguzel, Aytul; Bakirci, Mustafa Numan; Cerci, Salim; Dozen, Candan; Dumanoglu, Isa; Eskut, Eda; Girgis, Semiray; Gokbulut, Gul; Gurpinar, Emine; Hos, Ilknur; Kangal, Evrim Ersin; Karaman, Turker; Karapinar, Guler; Kayis Topaksu, Aysel; Onengut, Gulsen; Ozdemir, Kadri; Ozturk, Sertac; Polatoz, Ayse; Sogut, Kenan; Sunar Cerci, Deniz; Tali, Bayram; Topakli, Huseyin; Vergili, Latife Nukhet; Vergili, Mehmet; Akin, Ilina Vasileva; Aliev, Takhmasib; Bilin, Bugra; Bilmis, Selcuk; Deniz, Muhammed; Gamsizkan, Halil; Guler, Ali Murat; Ocalan, Kadir; Ozpineci, Altug; Serin, Meltem; Sever, Ramazan; Surat, Ugur Emrah; Yalvac, Metin; Yildirim, Eda; Zeyrek, Mehmet; Gülmez, Erhan; Isildak, Bora; Kaya, Mithat; Kaya, Ozlem; Ozkorucuklu, Suat; Sonmez, Nasuf; Cankocak, Kerem; Levchuk, Leonid; Brooke, James John; Clement, Emyr; Cussans, David; Flacher, Henning; Frazier, Robert; Goldstein, Joel; Grimes, Mark; Heath, Greg P; Heath, Helen F; Kreczko, Lukasz; Metson, Simon; Newbold, Dave M; Nirunpong, Kachanon; Poll, Anthony; Senkin, Sergey; Smith, Vincent J; Williams, Thomas; Basso, Lorenzo; Bell, Ken W; Belyaev, Alexander; Brew, Christopher; Brown, Robert M; Cockerill, David JA; Coughlan, John A; Harder, Kristian; Harper, Sam; Jackson, James; Kennedy, Bruce W; Olaiya, Emmanuel; Petyt, David; Radburn-Smith, Benjamin Charles; Shepherd-Themistocleous, Claire; Tomalin, Ian R; Womersley, William John; Bainbridge, Robert; Ball, Gordon; Beuselinck, Raymond; Buchmuller, Oliver; Colling, David; Cripps, Nicholas; Cutajar, Michael; Dauncey, Paul; Davies, Gavin; Della Negra, Michel; Ferguson, William; Fulcher, Jonathan; Futyan, David; Gilbert, Andrew; Guneratne Bryer, Arlo; Hall, Geoffrey; Hatherell, Zoe; Hays, Jonathan; Iles, Gregory; Jarvis, Martyn; Karapostoli, Georgia; Lyons, Louis; Magnan, Anne-Marie; Marrouche, Jad; Mathias, Bryn; Nandi, Robin; Nash, Jordan; Nikitenko, Alexander; Papageorgiou, Anastasios; Pela, Joao; Pesaresi, Mark; Petridis, Konstantinos; Pioppi, Michele; Raymond, David Mark; Rogerson, Samuel; Rose, Andrew; Ryan, Matthew John; Seez, Christopher; Sharp, Peter; Sparrow, Alex; Stoye, Markus; Tapper, Alexander; Vazquez Acosta, Monica; Virdee, Tejinder; Wakefield, Stuart; Wardle, Nicholas; Whyntie, Tom; Chadwick, Matthew; Cole, Joanne; Hobson, Peter R; Khan, Akram; Kyberd, Paul; Leggat, Duncan; Leslie, Dawn; Martin, William; Reid, Ivan; Symonds, Philip; Teodorescu, Liliana; Turner, Mark; Hatakeyama, Kenichi; Liu, Hongxuan; Scarborough, Tara; Charaf, Otman; Henderson, Conor; Rumerio, Paolo; Avetisyan, Aram; Bose, Tulika; Fantasia, Cory; Heister, Arno; St John, Jason; Lawson, Philip; Lazic, Dragoslav; Rohlf, James; Sperka, David; Sulak, Lawrence; Alimena, Juliette; Bhattacharya, Saptaparna; Cutts, David; Demiragli, Zeynep; Ferapontov, Alexey; Garabedian, Alex; Heintz, Ulrich; Jabeen, Shabnam; Kukartsev, Gennadiy; Laird, Edward; Landsberg, Greg; Luk, Michael; Narain, Meenakshi; Nguyen, Duong; Segala, Michael; Sinthuprasith, Tutanon; Speer, Thomas; Breedon, Richard; Breto, Guillermo; Calderon De La Barca Sanchez, Manuel; Chauhan, Sushil; Chertok, Maxwell; Conway, John; Conway, Rylan; Cox, Peter Timothy; Dolen, James; Erbacher, Robin; Gardner, Michael; Houtz, Rachel; Ko, Winston; Kopecky, Alexandra; Lander, Richard; Mall, Orpheus; Miceli, Tia; Pellett, Dave; Ricci-Tam, Francesca; Rutherford, Britney; Searle, Matthew; Smith, John; Squires, Michael; Tripathi, Mani; Vasquez Sierra, Ricardo; Yohay, Rachel; Andreev, Valeri; Cline, David; Cousins, Robert; Duris, Joseph; Erhan, Samim; Everaerts, Pieter; Farrell, Chris; Hauser, Jay; Ignatenko, Mikhail; Jarvis, Chad; Plager, Charles; Rakness, Gregory; Schlein, Peter; Traczyk, Piotr; Valuev, Vyacheslav; Weber, Matthias; Babb, John; Clare, Robert; Dinardo, Mauro Emanuele; Ellison, John Anthony; Gary, J William; Giordano, Ferdinando; Hanson, Gail; Jeng, Geng-Yuan; Liu, Hongliang; Long, Owen Rosser; Luthra, Arun; Nguyen, Harold; Paramesvaran, Sudarshan; Sturdy, Jared; Sumowidagdo, Suharyo; Wilken, Rachel; Wimpenny, Stephen; Andrews, Warren; Branson, James G; Cerati, Giuseppe Benedetto; Cittolin, Sergio; Evans, David; Golf, Frank; Holzner, André; Kelley, Ryan; Lebourgeois, Matthew; Letts, James; Macneill, Ian; Mangano, Boris; Padhi, Sanjay; Palmer, Christopher; Petrucciani, Giovanni; Pieri, Marco; Sani, Matteo; Sharma, Vivek; Simon, Sean; Sudano, Elizabeth; Tadel, Matevz; Tu, Yanjun; Vartak, Adish; Wasserbaech, Steven; Würthwein, Frank; Yagil, Avraham; Yoo, Jaehyeok; Barge, Derek; Bellan, Riccardo; Campagnari, Claudio; D'Alfonso, Mariarosaria; Danielson, Thomas; Flowers, Kristen; Geffert, Paul; Incandela, Joe; Justus, Christopher; Kalavase, Puneeth; Kovalskyi, Dmytro; Krutelyov, Vyacheslav; Lowette, Steven; Mccoll, Nickolas; Pavlunin, Viktor; Rebassoo, Finn; Ribnik, Jacob; Richman, Jeffrey; Rossin, Roberto; Stuart, David; To, Wing; West, Christopher; Apresyan, Artur; Bornheim, Adolf; Chen, Yi; Di Marco, Emanuele; Duarte, Javier; Gataullin, Marat; Ma, Yousi; Mott, Alexander; Newman, Harvey B; Rogan, Christopher; Spiropulu, Maria; Timciuc, Vladlen; Veverka, Jan; Wilkinson, Richard; Xie, Si; Yang, Yong; Zhu, Ren-Yuan; Akgun, Bora; Azzolini, Virginia; Calamba, Aristotle; Carroll, Ryan; Ferguson, Thomas; Iiyama, Yutaro; Jang, Dong Wook; Liu, Yueh-Feng; Paulini, Manfred; Vogel, Helmut; Vorobiev, Igor; Cumalat, John Perry; Drell, Brian Robert; Ford, William T; Gaz, Alessandro; 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Kwan, Simon; Leonidopoulos, Christos; Linacre, Jacob; Lincoln, Don; Lipton, Ron; Lykken, Joseph; Maeshima, Kaori; Marraffino, John Michael; Maruyama, Sho; Mason, David; McBride, Patricia; Mishra, Kalanand; Mrenna, Stephen; Musienko, Yuri; Newman-Holmes, Catherine; O'Dell, Vivian; Sexton-Kennedy, Elizabeth; Sharma, Seema; Spalding, William J; Spiegel, Leonard; Taylor, Lucas; Tkaczyk, Slawek; Tran, Nhan Viet; Uplegger, Lorenzo; Vaandering, Eric Wayne; Vidal, Richard; Whitmore, Juliana; Wu, Weimin; Yang, Fan; Yun, Jae Chul; Acosta, Darin; Avery, Paul; Bourilkov, Dimitri; Chen, Mingshui; Cheng, Tongguang; Das, Souvik; De Gruttola, Michele; Di Giovanni, Gian Piero; Dobur, Didar; Drozdetskiy, Alexey; Field, Richard D; Fisher, Matthew; Fu, Yu; Furic, Ivan-Kresimir; Gartner, Joseph; Hugon, Justin; Kim, Bockjoo; Konigsberg, Jacobo; Korytov, Andrey; Kropivnitskaya, Anna; Kypreos, Theodore; Low, Jia Fu; Matchev, Konstantin; Milenovic, Predrag; Mitselmakher, Guenakh; Muniz, Lana; Park, Myeonghun; Remington, Ronald; Rinkevicius, Aurelijus; Sellers, Paul; Skhirtladze, Nikoloz; Snowball, Matthew; Yelton, John; Zakaria, Mohammed; Gaultney, Vanessa; Hewamanage, Samantha; Lebolo, Luis Miguel; Linn, Stephan; Markowitz, Pete; Martinez, German; Rodriguez, Jorge Luis; Adams, Todd; Askew, Andrew; Bochenek, Joseph; Chen, Jie; Diamond, Brendan; Gleyzer, Sergei V; Haas, Jeff; Hagopian, Sharon; Hagopian, Vasken; Jenkins, Merrill; Johnson, Kurtis F; Prosper, Harrison; Veeraraghavan, Venkatesh; Weinberg, Marc; Baarmand, Marc M; Dorney, Brian; Hohlmann, Marcus; Kalakhety, Himali; Vodopiyanov, Igor; Yumiceva, Francisco; Adams, Mark Raymond; Anghel, Ioana Maria; Apanasevich, Leonard; Bai, Yuting; Bazterra, Victor Eduardo; Betts, Russell Richard; Bucinskaite, Inga; Callner, Jeremy; Cavanaugh, Richard; Evdokimov, Olga; Gauthier, Lucie; Gerber, Cecilia Elena; Hofman, David Jonathan; Khalatyan, Samvel; Lacroix, Florent; Malek, Magdalena; O'Brien, Christine; Silkworth, Christopher; Strom, Derek; Turner, Paul; 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Gomez, Jaime; Hadley, Nicholas John; Kellogg, Richard G; Kirn, Malina; Kolberg, Ted; Lu, Ying; Marionneau, Matthieu; Mignerey, Alice; Pedro, Kevin; Skuja, Andris; Temple, Jeffrey; Tonjes, Marguerite; Tonwar, Suresh C; Twedt, Elizabeth; Apyan, Aram; Bauer, Gerry; Bendavid, Joshua; Busza, Wit; Butz, Erik; Cali, Ivan Amos; Chan, Matthew; Dutta, Valentina; Gomez Ceballos, Guillelmo; Goncharov, Maxim; Hahn, Kristan Allan; Kim, Yongsun; Klute, Markus; Krajczar, Krisztian; Luckey, Paul David; Ma, Teng; Nahn, Steve; Paus, Christoph; Ralph, Duncan; Roland, Christof; Roland, Gunther; Rudolph, Matthew; Stephans, George; Stöckli, Fabian; Sumorok, Konstanty; Sung, Kevin; Velicanu, Dragos; Wenger, Edward Allen; Wolf, Roger; Wyslouch, Bolek; Yang, Mingming; Yilmaz, Yetkin; Yoon, Sungho; Zanetti, Marco; Cooper, Seth; Dahmes, Bryan; De Benedetti, Abraham; Franzoni, Giovanni; Gude, Alexander; Kao, Shih-Chuan; Klapoetke, Kevin; Kubota, Yuichi; Mans, Jeremy; Pastika, Nathaniel; Rusack, Roger; Sasseville, Michael; Singovsky, Alexander; Tambe, Norbert; Turkewitz, Jared; Cremaldi, Lucien Marcus; Kroeger, Rob; Perera, Lalith; Rahmat, Rahmat; Sanders, David A; Avdeeva, Ekaterina; Bloom, Kenneth; Bose, Suvadeep; Claes, Daniel R; Dominguez, Aaron; Eads, Michael; Keller, Jason; Kravchenko, Ilya; Lazo-Flores, Jose; Malbouisson, Helena; Malik, Sudhir; Snow, Gregory R; Godshalk, Andrew; Iashvili, Ia; Jain, Supriya; Kharchilava, Avto; Kumar, Ashish; Alverson, George; Barberis, Emanuela; Baumgartel, Darin; Chasco, Matthew; Haley, Joseph; Nash, David; Trocino, Daniele; Wood, Darien; Zhang, Jinzhong; Anastassov, Anton; Kubik, Andrew; Lusito, Letizia; Mucia, Nicholas; Odell, Nathaniel; Ofierzynski, Radoslaw Adrian; Pollack, Brian; Pozdnyakov, Andrey; Schmitt, Michael Henry; Stoynev, Stoyan; Velasco, Mayda; Won, Steven; Antonelli, Louis; Berry, Douglas; Brinkerhoff, Andrew; Chan, Kwok Ming; Hildreth, Michael; Jessop, Colin; Karmgard, Daniel John; Kolb, Jeff; Lannon, Kevin; Luo, Wuming; Lynch, Sean; Marinelli, Nancy; Morse, David Michael; Pearson, Tessa; Planer, Michael; Ruchti, Randy; Slaunwhite, Jason; Valls, Nil; Wayne, Mitchell; Wolf, Matthias; Bylsma, Ben; Durkin, Lloyd Stanley; Hill, Christopher; Hughes, Richard; Kotov, Khristian; Ling, Ta-Yung; Puigh, Darren; Rodenburg, Marissa; Vuosalo, Carl; Williams, Grayson; Winer, Brian L; Berry, Edmund; Elmer, Peter; Halyo, Valerie; Hebda, Philip; Hegeman, Jeroen; Hunt, Adam; Jindal, Pratima; Koay, Sue Ann; Lopes Pegna, David; Lujan, Paul; Marlow, Daniel; Medvedeva, Tatiana; Mooney, Michael; Olsen, James; Piroué, Pierre; Quan, Xiaohang; Raval, Amita; Saka, Halil; Stickland, David; Tully, Christopher; Werner, Jeremy Scott; Zuranski, Andrzej; Brownson, Eric; Lopez, Angel; Mendez, Hector; Ramirez Vargas, Juan Eduardo; Alagoz, Enver; Barnes, Virgil E; Benedetti, Daniele; Bolla, Gino; Bortoletto, Daniela; De Mattia, Marco; Everett, Adam; Hu, Zhen; Jones, Matthew; Koybasi, Ozhan; Kress, Matthew; Laasanen, Alvin T; Leonardo, Nuno; Maroussov, Vassili; Merkel, Petra; Miller, David Harry; Neumeister, Norbert; Shipsey, Ian; Silvers, David; Svyatkovskiy, Alexey; Vidal Marono, Miguel; Yoo, Hwi Dong; Zablocki, Jakub; Zheng, Yu; Guragain, Samir; Parashar, Neeti; Adair, Antony; Boulahouache, Chaouki; Ecklund, Karl Matthew; Geurts, Frank JM; Li, Wei; Padley, Brian Paul; Redjimi, Radia; Roberts, Jay; Zabel, James; Betchart, Burton; Bodek, Arie; Chung, Yeon Sei; Covarelli, Roberto; de Barbaro, Pawel; Demina, Regina; Eshaq, Yossof; Ferbel, Thomas; Garcia-Bellido, Aran; Goldenzweig, Pablo; Han, Jiyeon; Harel, Amnon; Miner, Daniel Carl; Vishnevskiy, Dmitry; Zielinski, Marek; Bhatti, Anwar; Ciesielski, Robert; Demortier, Luc; Goulianos, Konstantin; Lungu, Gheorghe; Malik, Sarah; Mesropian, Christina; Arora, Sanjay; Barker, Anthony; Chou, John Paul; Contreras-Campana, Christian; Contreras-Campana, Emmanuel; Duggan, Daniel; Ferencek, Dinko; Gershtein, Yuri; Gray, Richard; Halkiadakis, Eva; Hidas, Dean; Lath, Amitabh; Panwalkar, Shruti; Park, Michael; Patel, Rishi; Rekovic, Vladimir; Robles, Jorge; Rose, Keith; Salur, Sevil; Schnetzer, Steve; Seitz, Claudia; Somalwar, Sunil; Stone, Robert; Thomas, Scott; Walker, Matthew; Cerizza, Giordano; Hollingsworth, Matthew; Spanier, Stefan; Yang, Zong-Chang; York, Andrew; Eusebi, Ricardo; Flanagan, Will; Gilmore, Jason; Kamon, Teruki; Khotilovich, Vadim; Montalvo, Roy; Osipenkov, Ilya; Pakhotin, Yuriy; Perloff, Alexx; Roe, Jeffrey; Safonov, Alexei; Sakuma, Tai; Sengupta, Sinjini; Suarez, Indara; Tatarinov, Aysen; Toback, David; Akchurin, Nural; Damgov, Jordan; Dragoiu, Cosmin; Dudero, Phillip Russell; Jeong, Chiyoung; Kovitanggoon, Kittikul; Lee, Sung Won; Libeiro, Terence; Roh, Youn; Volobouev, Igor; Appelt, Eric; Delannoy, Andrés G; Florez, Carlos; Greene, Senta; Gurrola, Alfredo; Johns, Willard; Kurt, Pelin; Maguire, Charles; Melo, Andrew; Sharma, Monika; Sheldon, Paul; Snook, Benjamin; Tuo, Shengquan; Velkovska, Julia; Arenton, Michael Wayne; Balazs, Michael; Boutle, Sarah; Cox, Bradley; Francis, Brian; Goodell, Joseph; Hirosky, Robert; Ledovskoy, Alexander; Lin, Chuanzhe; Neu, Christopher; Wood, John; Gollapinni, Sowjanya; Harr, Robert; Karchin, Paul Edmund; Kottachchi Kankanamge Don, Chamath; Lamichhane, Pramod; Sakharov, Alexandre; Anderson, Michael; Belknap, Donald; Borrello, Laura; Carlsmith, Duncan; Cepeda, Maria; Dasu, Sridhara; Friis, Evan; Gray, Lindsey; Grogg, Kira Suzanne; Grothe, Monika; Hall-Wilton, Richard; Herndon, Matthew; Hervé, Alain; Klabbers, Pamela; Klukas, Jeffrey; Lanaro, Armando; Lazaridis, Christos; Leonard, Jessica; Loveless, Richard; Mohapatra, Ajit; Ojalvo, Isabel; Palmonari, Francesco; Pierro, Giuseppe Antonio; Ross, Ian; Savin, Alexander; Smith, Wesley H; Swanson, Joshua

    2013-01-09

    A measurement is presented of the ZZ production cross section in the ZZ to 2l 2l' decay mode with l = e, mu and l' = e, mu, tau in proton-proton collisions at $\\sqrt{s}$ = 7 TeV with the CMS experiment at the LHC. Results are based on data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 5.0 inverse femtobarns. The measured cross section sigma(pp to ZZ) = 6.24 [+0.86/-0.80] (stat.) [+0.41/-0.32] (syst.) +/- 0.14 (lumi.) pb is consistent with the standard model predictions. The following limits on ZZZ and ZZ gamma anomalous trilinear gauge couplings are set at 95% confidence level: -0.011$\\lt$ f[4;Z] $\\lt$ 0.012, -0.012 $\\lt$ f[5;Z] $\\lt$ 0.012, -0.013 $\\lt$ f[4;gamma]<0.015, and -0.014 $\\lt$ f[5,gamma] $\\lt$ 0.014.

  3. The Effect of Organizational Culture on Positive Extra-Role Behaviors: the Mediator Role of Organizational Commitment = Örgüt Kültürünün Rol Ötesi Olumlu Davranışlara Olan Etkisi: Örgütsel Bağlılığın Aracı Değişken Rolü

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatih ÇETİN

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available One of the examples of behavioral patterns of employees is positive extra role behaviors. The purpose of this study is to determine the direct and indirect effects of contextual and attitudinal factors by focusing on organizational citizenship, which is one of those behaviors. The data which were collected from 384 employees of a private bank by using a survey form including Organizational Citizenship Behaviors Scale, Organizational Culture Scale and Organizational Commitment Scale were analyzed with structural equation modeling technique. The findings of this study indicate that the clan and development tendencies predict conscientiousness and courtesy, and the development tendency predicts sportsmanship and civic virtue behaviors of the employees’ extra role behaviors. Moreover organizational commitment has a partial mediator role in all these processes.

  4. Örgütlerde Gelişim Kültürü ve Algılanan Örgütsel Desteğin İş Tatmini ve İş Performansına Etkisi: Güvenin Aracılık Rolü(The Effect of Development Culture and Perceived Organizational Support to The Job Satisfaction and Job Performance: The Mediating Role of Trust

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    İrfan AKKOÇ

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Increasing the job performance of the workers is one of the most critical success factors for the manager of the recent times who want to have a sustainable competitiveness. There are a lot of factors which have increasing effect on job performance of workers. Optimising and clarifying of these factors will help the managers to solve this problem. The development culture, perceived organizational support, job satisfaction and trust factors which are thought to have mediating factor on job satisfaction are held in this study. The aim of the study is the modelling of the job performance increasing factors that are important for the managers. It was seen that the development culture and perceived organizational support have affected the job satisfaction and job performance with a positive and significant way. Additionally the trust has a partially mediating role on the development culture and perceived organizational support over both job performance and job satistfation of the workers. Of all these variables, the best structural equation modeling was made by path analysis and some suggestions were made for the managers.

  5. Accelerating discovery with open-source technology at eLife

    OpenAIRE

    Penfold, Naomi

    2017-01-01

    Accelerating discovery with open-source technology. Talks presented May 2017.Files can be found at https://github.com/npscience/eLife-innovation-May2017-presentation.These slides are derived from a deck shared by Jennifer McLennan. All other sources acknowledged throughout the presentation.

  6. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 451 - 500 of 644 ... C Chimphambano, I O Komolafe, A S Muula .... Desirée Witte, Mari Kirsten, Cheryl Louw, Bagrey Ngwira, John C. Victor, Paul H. Gillard, ... Jennifer J. Hull, Nigel Cunliffe, Khuzwayo C. Jere, Sung-Sil Moon, Yuhuan Wang, ...

  7. Comparing rat and rabbit embryo-fetal developmental toxicity data for 379 pharmaceuticals: on systemic dose and developmental effects

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Peter T. Theunissen; Bruce Beyer; Sonia Beken

    2016-01-01

    And co-authors William J. Breslin, Gregg D. Cappon, Connie L. Chen, Gary Chmielewski, Luc de Schaepdrijver, Brian Enright, Jennifer E. Foreman, Wafa Harrouk, Kok-Wah Hew, Alan M. Hoberman, Julia Y. Hui, Thomas B. Knudsen, Susan B. Laffan, Susan L. Makris, Matthew Martin, Mary Ellen McNerney,

  8. Healthy Contact Lens Wear and Care

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2014-02-04

    In this podcast, CDC’s Dr. Jennifer Cope explains some basic steps for proper wear and care of soft contact lenses.  Created: 2/4/2014 by National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID).   Date Released: 2/4/2014.

  9. Bagatellid : maailm / Nele-Eva Steinfeld, Harry Liivrand, Ivo Heinloo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Steinfeld, Nele-Eva

    2010-01-01

    Uudiseid maailmast: Helilooja Jennifer Higdon pälvis Pulitzeri preemia. Fabio Luisist sai Metropolitan Opera esimene külalisdirigent. "Operalia" võitjad Sonya Yoncheva ja Stefan Pop. Lahkus metsosopran Giulietta Simionato. Kaija Saariaho uus ooper "Emilie" Amsterdamis. Hollandi maineka jazziauhinna noppis Anton Goudsmit. Herbie Hancock tähisats juubelit. Jagati reggae- ja maailmamuusika auhindu. Ilmus Stevie Wonderi biograafia

  10. 77 FR 4560 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-30

    ... Holding Company The notificants listed below have applied under the Change in Bank Control Act (12 U.S.C... bank holding company. The factors that are considered in acting on the notices are set forth in... Shattuck, Oklahoma. Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, January 24, 2012. Jennifer J. Johnson...

  11. 76 FR 67454 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-01

    ... Holding Company The notificants listed below have applied under the Change in Bank Control Act (12 U.S.C... bank holding company. The factors that are considered in acting on the notices are set forth in... Reserve System, October 27, 2011. Jennifer J. Johnson, Secretary of the Board. [FR Doc. 2011-28269 Filed...

  12. 77 FR 8258 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-14

    ... Holding Company The notificants listed below have applied under the Change in Bank Control Act (12 U.S.C... bank holding company. The factors that are considered in acting on the notices are set forth in... Governors of the Federal Reserve System, February 9, 2012. Jennifer J. Johnson, Secretary of the Board. [FR...

  13. 77 FR 26280 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-03

    ... Holding Company The notificants listed below have applied under the Change in Bank Control Act (12 U.S.C... bank holding company. The factors that are considered in acting on the notices are set forth in... Governors of the Federal Reserve System, April 30, 2012. Jennifer J. Johnson, Secretary of the Board. [FR...

  14. 77 FR 42312 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-18

    ... Holding Company The notificants listed below have applied under the Change in Bank Control Act (12 U.S.C... bank holding company. The factors that are considered in acting on the notices are set forth in... Lynnwood, Washington. Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, July 13, 2012. Jennifer J. Johnson...

  15. Plaadisoovitus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Uutest helisalvestistest Chemical Brothers "Push The Button", "Hedvig Hanson, Andre Maaker", Ashanti "Concrete Rose", "Brazilian Girls", Pain "Dancing With the Dead", Moby "Hotel", Damien Rice "O-b-sides", Jennifer Lopez "Rebirth", De-Phazz "Natural Take", "Arash", "Legends Of Rock'n'Roll", "Playboy: The Mansion

  16. Corporate Social Responsibility: A Cross Sectional Examination of Incentivization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1995-09-01

    which address organizational behavior: Corporate Social Responsibility ( CSR ), Expense Preference Approach (EPA), Resource Dependency Theory (RDT...i V *>V CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY : A CROSS SECTIONAL EXAMINATION OF INCENTIVIZATION THESIS Jennifer A. Block, B.S. First Lieutenant, USAF...Distribution/ Availability Codes Dist m Avail and/or Special \\&\\W 0\\1 CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY : A CROSS SECTIONAL EXAMINATION OF

  17. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Hydrogen

    Science.gov (United States)

    agricultural equipment projects. For more information, see the Clean Agriculture website. Point of Contact include transit improvements, travel demand management strategies, congestion relief efforts (such as high and strategies. For more information, see the Ports Initiative website. Point of Contact Jennifer

  18. Western Indian Ocean Journal of Marine Science - Vol 10, No 2 (2011)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ophiocoma (Ophiurida: Ophiocomidae) species of the east coast of South Africa, including observations of parental care · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. Jennifer Margaret Olbers, Yves Samyn, 137-154 ...

  19. Economics | Page 7 | IDRC - International Development Research ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Job seekers are converging on cities to find work, and in many countries urban ... IDRC's Jennifer Salahub shares her expertise on building safe and inclusive cities ... actively seek to attract and retain highly skilled foreign and domestic workers. ... An IDRC-funded project has enhanced the research capacity of 15 emerging ...

  20. African Journal of Reproductive Health - Vol 6, No 2 (2002)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Jennifer Smit, Lynn McFadyen, Abigail Harrison, Khangelani Zuma. Indigenous Healing Practices and Self-Medication amongst Pregnant Women in Cape Town, South Africa. Naeemah Abrahams, Rachel Jewkes, Zodumo Mvo. Tetanus Immunity among Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Care in Dar es Salaam, ...