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Sample records for ls 600h hybrid

  1. Evaluation of the 2008 Lexus LS 600H Hybrid Synergy Drive System

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Burress, T.A.; Coomer, C.L.; Campbell, S.L.; Wereszczak, A.A.; Cunningham, J.P.; Marlino, L.D.; Seiber, L.E.; Lin, H.T.

    2009-01-15

    Subsystems of the 2008 Lexus 600h hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) were studied and tested as part of an intensive benchmarking effort carried out to produce detailed information concerning the current state of nondomestic alternative vehicle technologies. Feedback provided by benchmarking efforts is particularly useful to partners of the Vehicle Technologies collaborative research program as it is essential in establishing reasonable yet challenging programmatic goals which facilitate development of competitive technologies. The competitive nature set forth by the Vehicle Technologies program not only promotes energy independence and economic stability, it also advocates the advancement of alternative vehicle technologies in an overall global perspective. These technologies greatly facilitate the potential to reduce dependency on depleting natural resources and mitigate harmful impacts of transportation upon the environment.

  2. One hybrid model combining singular spectrum analysis and LS + ARMA for polar motion prediction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, Yi; Guo, Jinyun; Liu, Xin; Wei, Xiaobei; Li, Wudong

    2017-01-01

    Accurate real-time polar motion parameters play an important role in satellite navigation and positioning and spacecraft tracking. To meet the needs for real-time and high-accuracy polar motion prediction, a hybrid model that integrated singular spectrum analysis (SSA), least-squares (LS) extrapolation and an autoregressive moving average (ARMA) model was proposed. SSA was applied to separate the trend, the annual and the Chandler components from a given polar motion time series. LS extrapolation models were constructed for the separated trend, annual and Chandler components. An ARMA model was established for a synthetic sequence that contained the remaining SSA component and the residual series of LS fitting. In applying this hybrid model, multiple sets of polar motion predictions with lead times of 360 days were made based on an IERS 08 C04 series. The results showed that the proposed method could effectively predict the polar motion parameters.

  3. Hybrid LS-LMMSE Channel Estimation Technique for LTE Downlink Systems

    CERN Document Server

    Khlifi, Abdelhakim; 10.5121/ijngn.2011.3401

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, we propose to improve the performance of the channel estimation for LTE Downlink systems under the effect of the channel length. As LTE Downlink system is a MIMO-OFDMA based system, a cyclic prefix (CP) is inserted at the beginning of each transmitted OFDM symbol in order to mitigate both inter-carrier interference (ICI) and inter-symbol interference (ISI). The inserted CP is usually equal to or longer than the channel length. However, the cyclic prefix can be shorter because of some unforeseen channel behaviour. Previous works have shown that in the case where the cyclic prefix is equal to or longer than the channel length, LMMSE performs better than LSE but at the cost of computational complexity .In the other case, LMMSE performs also better than LS only for low SNR values. However, LS shows better performance for LTE Downlink systems for high SNR values. Therefore, we propose a hybrid LS-LMMSE channel estimation technique robust to the channel length effect. MATLAB Monte-Carlo simulations a...

  4. A Hybrid Prediction Method of Thermal Extension Error for Boring Machine Based on PCA and LS-SVM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cheng Qiang

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Thermal extension error of boring bar in z-axis is one of the key factors that have a bad influence on the machining accuracy of boring machine, so how to exactly establish the relationship between the thermal extension length and temperature and predict the changing rule of thermal error are the premise of thermal extension error compensation. In this paper, a prediction method of thermal extension length of boring bar in boring machine is proposed based on principal component analysis (PCA and least squares support vector machine (LS-SVM model. In order to avoid the multiple correlation and coupling among the great amount temperature input variables, firstly, PCA is introduced to extract the principal components of temperature data samples. Then, LS-SVM is used to predict the changing tendency of the thermally induced thermal extension error of boring bar. Finally, experiments are conducted on a boring machine, the application results show that Boring bar axial thermal elongation error residual value dropped below 5 μm and minimum residual error is only 0.5 μm. This method not only effectively improve the efficiency of the temperature data acquisition and analysis, and improve the modeling accuracy and robustness.

  5. Mars at Ls 357o

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    31 January 2006 This picture is a composite of Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) daily global images acquired at Ls 357o during a previous Mars year. This month, Mars looks similar, as Ls 357o occurred in mid-January 2006. The picture shows the south polar region of Mars. Over the course of the month, additional faces of Mars as it appears at this time of year are being posted for MOC Picture of the Day. Ls, solar longitude, is a measure of the time of year on Mars. Mars travels 360o around the Sun in 1 Mars year. The year begins at Ls 0o, the start of northern spring and southern autumn. Season: Northern Winter/Southern Summer

  6. Mars at Ls 324o

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-01-01

    29 November 2005 This picture is a composite of Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) daily global images acquired at Ls 324o during a previous Mars year. This month, Mars looks similar, as Ls 324o occurred in mid-November 2005. The picture shows the south polar region of Mars. Over the course of the month, additional faces of Mars as it appears at this time of year are being posted for MOC Picture of the Day. Ls, solar longitude, is a measure of the time of year on Mars. Mars travels 360o around the Sun in 1 Mars year. The year begins at Ls 0o, the start of northern spring and southern autumn. Season: Northern Winter/Southern Summer

  7. Mars at Ls 137o

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    13 November 2006 These images capture what Mars typically looks like in mid-afternoon at Ls 137o. In other words, with the exception of occasional differences in weather and polar frost patterns, this is what the red planet looks like this month (November 2006). Six views are shown, including the two polar regions. These are composites of 24-26 Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) daily global mapping images acquired at red and blue wavelengths. The 'hole' over the south pole is an area where no images were obtained, because this polar region is enveloped in wintertime darkness. Presently, it is summer in the northern hemisphere and winter in the southern hemisphere. Ls, solar longitude, is a measure of the time of year on Mars. Mars travels 360o around the Sun in 1 Mars year. The year begins at Ls 0o, the start of northern spring and southern autumn. Northern summer/southern winter begins at Ls 90o, northern autumn/southern spring start at Ls 180o, and northern winter/southern summer begin at Ls 270o. Ls 137o occurs in the middle of this month (November 2006). The pictures show how Mars appeared to the MOC wide angle cameras at a previous Ls 137o in March 2001. The six views are centered on the Tharsis region (upper left), Acidalia and Mare Eyrthraeum (upper right), Syrtis Major and Hellas (middle left), Elysium and Mare Cimmeria (middle right), the north pole (lower left), and the south pole (lower right).

  8. Mars at Ls 121o

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    1 October 2006 These images capture what Mars typically looks like in mid-afternoon at L s 121o. In other words, with the exception of occasional differences in weather and polar frost patterns, this is what the red planet looks like this month (October 2006). Six views are shown, including the two polar regions. These are composites of 24-26 Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) daily global mapping images acquired at red and blue wavelengths. The 'hole' over the south pole is an area where no images were obtained, because this polar region is enveloped in wintertime darkness. Presently, it is summer in the northern hemisphere and winter in the southern hemisphere. Ls, solar longitude, a measure of the time of year on Mars. Mars travels 360o around the Sun in 1 Mars year. The year begins at Ls 0o, the start of northern spring and southern autumn. Northern summer/southern winter begins at Ls 90o, northern autumn/southern spring start at Ls 180o, and northern winter/southern summer begin at Ls 270o. Ls 121o occurs in the middle of this month (October 2006). The pictures show how Mars appeared to the MOC wide angle cameras at a previous Ls 121o in February 2001. The six views are centered on the Tharsis region (upper left), Acidalia and Mare Eyrthraeum (upper right), Syrtis Major and Hellas (middle left), Elysium and Mare Cimmeria (middle right), the north pole (lower left), and the south pole (lower right).

  9. Main: LS5ATPR1 [PLACE

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available LS5ATPR1 S000323 04-January-2007 (last modified) kehi LS5; A negative regulatory el...e correction was made. TGA2; LS5; LS7; SA; NPR1; TGA6; auxin; salicylic acid; root; Arabidopsis thaliana; tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum); TCTACGTCAC ...

  10. Main: LS7ATPR1 [PLACE

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available transcriptional activator; TGA2.2 stabilizes TGA2.1 binding; NOTE: The motif sequence previously shown was that of LS5. The correcti...on was made. We are very sorry. TGA2; LS5; LS7; SA; NPR1; TGA6; auxin; salicylic acid; root; Arabidopsis thaliana; tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum); ACGTCATAGA ...

  11. LS1: exciting times ahead

    CERN Multimedia

    Caroline Duc

    2013-01-01

    As the first and last proton-lead run of 2013 draws to a close, the extensive upgrade and maintenance programme of the LHC's first long shutdown (LS1) is about to get under way.   The LHC has provided physicists with a huge quantity of data to analyse since the first physics run in 2009. Now it's time for the machine, along with CERN's other accelerators, to get a facelift. LS1 will start on 13 February 2013, but this doesn’t mean that life at the Laboratory will be any less rich and exciting. Although there will be no collisions for a period of almost two years, the whole CERN site will be a hive of activity, with large-scale work under way to modernise the infrastructure and prepare the LHC for operation at higher energy. "A whole series of renovation work will be carried out around the LHC during LS1,” explains Simon Baird, deputy head of the EN Department. "The key driver is of course the consolidation of the 10,170 high-curren...

  12. SPS completes LS1 activities

    CERN Multimedia

    Katarina Anthony

    2014-01-01

    On 27 June, the SPS closed its doors to the LS1 engineers, bringing to an end almost 17 months of activities. The machine now enters the hardware-testing phase in preparation for an October restart.   Photo 1: The SPS transfer tunnel, TT10, reinforced with steal beams. Having completed their LS1 activities right on schedule (to the day!), the SPS team is now preparing the machine for its restart. Over the next eight weeks, hardware tests of the SPS dipole and quadrupole power converters will be underway, led by the TE-EPC (Electrical Power Converters) team. "OP start-up test activities will also be running in parallel, utilising the off hours when EPC is not using the machine," says David McFarlane, the SPS technical coordinator from the Engineering Department. "The primary beam testing phase will start at the beginning of September, once hardware tests and DSO safety tests have been completed." It has been a long journey to this point, with several major...

  13. Mars at Ls 93o: Syrtis Major

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    15 August 2006 This picture is a composite of Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) daily global images acquired at Ls 93o during a previous Mars year. This month, Mars looks similar, as Ls 93o occurs in mid-August 2006. The picture shows the Syrtis Major face of Mars. Over the course of the month, additional faces of Mars as it appears at this time of year are being posted for MOC Picture of the Day. Ls, solar longitude, is a measure of the time of year on Mars. Mars travels 360o around the Sun in 1 Mars year. The year begins at Ls 0o, the start of northern spring and southern autumn. Season: Northern Summer/Southern Winter

  14. Mars at Ls 249o: Tharsis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-01-01

    5 July 2005 This picture is a composite of Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) daily global images acquired at Ls 249o during a previous Mars year. This month, Mars looks similar, as Ls 249o occurs in mid-July 2005. The picture shows the Tharsis face of Mars. Over the course of the month, additional faces of Mars as it appears at this time of year are being posted for MOC Picture of the Day. Ls, solar longitude, is a measure of the time of year on Mars. Mars travels 360o around the Sun in 1 Mars year. The year begins at Ls 0o, the start of northern spring and southern autumn. Season: Northern Autumn/Southern Spring

  15. Mars at Ls 53o: Tharsis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    2 May 2006 This picture is a composite of Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) daily global images acquired at Ls 53o during a previous Mars year. This month, Mars looks similar, as Ls 53o occurs in mid-May 2006. The picture shows the Tharsis face of Mars. Over the course of the month, additional faces of Mars as it appears at this time of year are being posted for MOC Picture of the Day. Ls, solar longitude, is a measure of the time of year on Mars. Mars travels 360o around the Sun in 1 Mars year. The year begins at Ls 0o, the start of northern spring and southern autumn. Season: Northern Spring/Southern Autumn

  16. Mars at Ls 79o: Syrtis Major

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    18 July 2006 This picture is a composite of Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) daily global images acquired at Ls 79o during a previous Mars year. This month, Mars looks similar, as Ls 79o occurs in mid-July 2006. The picture shows the Syrtis Major face of Mars. Over the course of the month, additional faces of Mars as it appears at this time of year are being posted for MOC Picture of the Day. Ls, solar longitude, is a measure of the time of year on Mars. Mars travels 360o around the Sun in 1 Mars year. The year begins at Ls 0o, the start of northern spring and southern autumn. Season: Northern Spring/Southern Autumn

  17. Mars at Ls 269o: Tharsis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-01-01

    2 August 2005 This picture is a composite of Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) daily global images acquired at Ls 269o during a previous Mars year. This month, Mars looks similar, as Ls 269o occurs in mid-August 2005. The picture shows the Tharsis face of Mars. Over the course of the month, additional faces of Mars as it appears at this time of year are being posted for MOC Picture of the Day. Ls, solar longitude, is a measure of the time of year on Mars. Mars travels 360o around the Sun in 1 Mars year. The year begins at Ls 0o, the start of northern spring and southern autumn. Season: last days of Northern Autumn/Southern Spring

  18. Mars at Ls 12o: Tharsis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    7 February 2006 This picture is a composite of Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) daily global images acquired at Ls 12o during a previous Mars year. This month, Mars looks similar, as Ls 12o occurs in mid-February 2006. The picture shows the Tharsis face of Mars. Over the course of the month, additional faces of Mars as it appears at this time of year are being posted for MOC Picture of the Day. Ls, solar longitude, is a measure of the time of year on Mars. Mars travels 360o around the Sun in 1 Mars year. The year begins at Ls 0o, the start of northern spring and southern autumn. Season: Northern Winter/Southern Summer

  19. Mars at Ls 25o: Syrtis Major

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    21 March 2006 This picture is a composite of Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) daily global images acquired at Ls 25o during a previous Mars year. This month, Mars looks similar, as Ls 25o occurs in mid-March 2006. The picture shows the Syrtis Major face of Mars. Over the course of the month, additional faces of Mars as it appears at this time of year are being posted for MOC Picture of the Day. Ls, solar longitude, is a measure of the time of year on Mars. Mars travels 360o around the Sun in 1 Mars year. The year begins at Ls 0o, the start of northern spring and southern autumn. Season: Northern Spring

  20. Mars at Ls 79o: Tharsis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    4 July 2006 This picture is a composite of Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) daily global images acquired at Ls 79o during a previous Mars year. This month, Mars looks similar, as Ls 79o occurs in mid-July 2006. The picture shows the Tharsis face of Mars. Over the course of the month, additional faces of Mars as it appears at this time of year are being posted for MOC Picture of the Day. Ls, solar longitude, is a measure of the time of year on Mars. Mars travels 360o around the Sun in 1 Mars year. The year begins at Ls 0o, the start of northern spring and southern autumn. Season: Northern Spring/Southern Autumn

  1. Mars at Ls 306o: Tharsis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-01-01

    4 October 2005 This picture is a composite of Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) daily global images acquired at Ls 306o during a previous Mars year. This month, Mars looks similar, as Ls 306o occurs in mid-October 2005. The picture shows the Tharsis face of Mars. Over the course of the month, additional faces of Mars as it appears at this time of year are being posted for MOC Picture of the Day. Ls, solar longitude, is a measure of the time of year on Mars. Mars travels 360o around the Sun in 1 Mars year. The year begins at Ls 0o, the start of northern spring and southern autumn. Season: Northern Winter/Southern Summer

  2. Mars at Ls 357o: Tharsis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    4 January 2006 This picture is a composite of Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) daily global images acquired at Ls 357o during a previous Mars year. This month, Mars looks similar, as Ls 357o occurs in mid-January 2006. The picture shows the Tharsis face of Mars. Over the course of the month, additional faces of Mars as it appears at this time of year are being posted for MOC Picture of the Day. Ls, solar longitude, is a measure of the time of year on Mars. Mars travels 360o around the Sun in 1 Mars year. The year begins at Ls 0o, the start of northern spring and southern autumn. NASA/JPL/Malin Space Science SystemsSeason: Northern Winter/Southern Summer

  3. Mars at Ls 66o: Tharsis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    6 June 2006 This picture is a composite of Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) daily global images acquired at Ls 66o during a previous Mars year. This month, Mars looks similar, as Ls 66o occurs in mid-June 2006. The picture shows the Tharsis face of Mars. Over the course of the month, additional faces of Mars as it appears at this time of year are being posted for MOC Picture of the Day. Ls, solar longitude, is a measure of the time of year on Mars. Mars travels 360o around the Sun in 1 Mars year. The year begins at Ls 0o, the start of northern spring and southern autumn. Season: Northern Spring/Southern Autumn

  4. Mars at Ls 53o: Syrtis Major

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    16 May 2006 This picture is a composite of Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) daily global images acquired at Ls 53o during a previous Mars year. This month, Mars looks similar, as Ls 53o occurs in mid-May 2006. The picture shows the Syrtis Major face of Mars. Over the course of the month, additional faces of Mars as it appears at this time of year are being posted for MOC Picture of the Day. Ls, solar longitude, is a measure of the time of year on Mars. Mars travels 360o around the Sun in 1 Mars year. The year begins at Ls 0o, the start of northern spring and southern autumn. Season: Northern Spring/Southern Autumn

  5. Mars at Ls 341o: Tharsis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-01-01

    6 December 2005 This picture is a composite of Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) daily global images acquired at Ls 341o during a previous Mars year. This month, Mars looks similar, as Ls 341o occurs in mid-December 2005. The picture shows the Tharsis face of Mars. Over the course of the month, additional faces of Mars as it appears at this time of year are being posted for MOC Picture of the Day. Ls, solar longitude, is a measure of the time of year on Mars. Mars travels 360o around the Sun in 1 Mars year. The year begins at Ls 0o, the start of northern spring and southern autumn. Season: Northern Winter/Southern Summer

  6. Mars at Ls 25o: Tharsis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    7 March 2006 This picture is a composite of Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) daily global images acquired at Ls 25o during a previous Mars year. This month, Mars looks similar, as Ls 25o occurs in mid-March 2006. The picture shows the Tharsis face of Mars. Over the course of the month, additional faces of Mars as it appears at this time of year are being posted for MOC Picture of the Day. Ls, solar longitude, is a measure of the time of year on Mars. Mars travels 360o around the Sun in 1 Mars year. The year begins at Ls 0o, the start of northern spring and southern autumn. Season: Northern Spring/Southern Autumn

  7. Mars at Ls 93o: Tharsis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    1 August 2006 This picture is a composite of Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) daily global images acquired at Ls 93o during a previous Mars year. This month, Mars looks similar, as Ls 93o occurs in mid-August 2006. The picture shows the Tharsis face of Mars. Over the course of the month, additional faces of Mars as it appears at this time of year are being posted for MOC Picture of the Day. Ls, solar longitude, is a measure of the time of year on Mars. Mars travels 360o around the Sun in 1 Mars year. The year begins at Ls 0o, the start of northern spring and southern autumn. Season: Northern Summer/Southern Winter

  8. Mars at Ls 12o: Syrtis Major

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    21 February 2006 This picture is a composite of Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) daily global images acquired at Ls 12o during a previous Mars year. This month, Mars looks similar, as Ls 12o occurs in mid-February 2006. The picture shows the Syrtis Major face of Mars. Over the course of the month, additional faces of Mars as it appears at this time of year are being posted for MOC Picture of the Day. Ls, solar longitude, is a measure of the time of year on Mars. Mars travels 360o around the Sun in 1 Mars year. The year begins at Ls 0o, the start of northern spring and southern autumn. Season: Northern Winter/Southern Summer

  9. Mars at Ls 39o: Syrtis Major

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    18 April 2006 This picture is a composite of Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) daily global images acquired at Ls 39o during a previous Mars year. This month, Mars looks similar, as Ls 39o occurs in mid-April 2006. The picture shows the Syrtis Major face of Mars. Over the course of the month, additional faces of Mars as it appears at this time of year are being posted for MOC Picture of the Day. Ls, solar longitude, is a measure of the time of year on Mars. Mars travels 360o around the Sun in 1 Mars year. The year begins at Ls 0o, the start of northern spring and southern autumn. Season: Northern Spring/Southern Autumn

  10. Mars at Ls 39o: Tharsis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    4 April 2006 This picture is a composite of Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) daily global images acquired at Ls 39o during a previous Mars year. This month, Mars looks similar, as Ls 39o occurs in mid-April 2006. The picture shows the Tharsis face of Mars. Over the course of the month, additional faces of Mars as it appears at this time of year are being posted for MOC Picture of the Day. Ls, solar longitude, is a measure of the time of year on Mars. Mars travels 360o around the Sun in 1 Mars year. The year begins at Ls 0o, the start of northern spring and southern autumn. Season: Northern Spring/Southern Autumn

  11. Mars at Ls 324o: Tharsis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-01-01

    1 November 2005 This picture is a composite of Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) daily global images acquired at Ls 324o during a previous Mars year. This month, Mars looks similar, as Ls 324o occurs in mid-November 2005. The picture shows the Tharsis face of Mars. Over the course of the month, additional faces of Mars as it appears at this time of year are being posted for MOC Picture of the Day. Ls, solar longitude, is a measure of the time of year on Mars. Mars travels 360o around the Sun in 1 Mars year. The year begins at Ls 0o, the start of northern spring and southern autumn. Season: Northern Winter/Southern Summer

  12. Mars at Ls 288o: Tharsis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-01-01

    6 September 2005 This picture is a composite of Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) daily global images acquired at Ls 288o during a previous Mars year. This month, Mars looks similar, as Ls 288o occurs in mid-September 2005. The picture shows the Tharsis face of Mars. Over the course of the month, additional faces of Mars as it appears at this time of year are being posted for MOC Picture of the Day. Ls, solar longitude, is a measure of the time of year on Mars. Mars travels 360o around the Sun in 1 Mars year. The year begins at Ls 0o, the start of northern spring and southern autumn. Season: Northern Winter/Southern Summer

  13. Mars at Ls 66o: Syrtis Major

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    20 June 2006 This picture is a composite of Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) daily global images acquired at Ls 66o during a previous Mars year This month, Mars looks similar, as Ls 66o occurs in mid-June 2006. The picture shows the Syrtis Major face of Mars. Over the course of the month, additional faces of Mars as it appears at this time of year are being posted for MOC Picture of the Day. Ls, solar longitude, is a measure of the time of year on Mars. Mars travels 360o around the Sun in 1 Mars year. The year begins at Ls 0o, the start of northern spring and southern autumn. Season: Northern Spring/Southern Autumn

  14. A generic procedure for determining atomic LS spectral terms and their LS eigenfunctions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiong Zhuang; Bacalis N C

    2009-01-01

    This paper develops a Fortran code which is capable to construct the simplest LS eigcnfunctions for desired symmetry and determine all permitted atomic LS spectral terms under a given orbital occupancy by implementing and extending the Schaefer and Harris method. Examples (in some cases the most complete set to date) of multiple spectroscopic terms of LS coupling of atomic states for both non-equlvalent and equivalent electronic configurations arc given. It also corrects a few observed errors from the recent literature.

  15. Chromosome Rearrangements in Cornelia de Lange Syndrome (CdLS): Report of a der(3)t(3;12)(p25.3;p13.3) in Two Half Sibs With Features of CdLS and Review of Reported CdLS Cases With Chromosome Rearrangements

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeScipio, Cheryl; Kaur, Maninder; Yaeger, Dinah; Innis, Jeffrey W.; Spinner, Nancy B.; Jackson, Laird G.; Krantz, Ian D.

    2016-01-01

    Cornelia de Lange syndrome (CdLS; OMIM 122470) is a dominantly inherited disorder characterized by multisystem involvement, cognitive delay, limb defects, and characteristic facial features. Recently, mutations in NIPBL have been found in ~50% of individuals with CdLS. Numerous chromosomal rearrangements have been reported in individuals with CdLS. These rearrangements may be causative of a CdLS phenotype, result in a phenocopy, or be unrelated to the observed phenotype. We describe two half siblings with a der(3)t(3;12)(p25.3;p13.3) chromosomal rearrangement, clinical features resembling CdLS, and phenotypic overlap with the del(3)(p25) phenotype. Region-specific BAC probes were used to fine-map the breakpoint region by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). FISH analysis places the chromosome 3 breakpoint distal to RP11-115G3 on 3p25.3; the chromosome 12 breakpoint is distal to BAC RP11-88D16 on 12p13.3. A review of published cases of terminal 3p deletions and terminal 12p duplications indicates that the findings in these siblings are consistent with the del(3)(p25) phenotype. Given the phenotypic overlap with CdLS, we have reviewed the reported cases of chromosomal rearrangements involved in CdLS to better elucidate other potential loci that could harbor additional CdLS genes. Additionally, to identify chromosome rearrangements, genome-wide array comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) was performed on eight individuals with typical CdLS and without identifiable deletion or mutation of NIPBL. No pathologic rearrangements were identified. PMID:16075459

  16. LS1: electrical engineering upgrades and consolidation

    CERN Document Server

    Duval, F

    2012-01-01

    Compared to past shutdowns, the Engineering Department Electrical Engineering (EN-EL) Group's activity volume will be multiplied by about four during LS1. The Group is experienced in handling such situations and will cope with this by transferring manpower from studies to worksite supervision and thanks to its subcontractors who know how to increase their manpower in such a manner as to maintain a good level of professionalism. EN-EL is substantially increasing its resources to cope with this workload. This increase in resources is, however, limited by the management capacity of EN-EL's core staff. As a consequence, not all of the requested activities will be possible and prioritization will be necessary. This paper details the upgrades and the consolidation to be carried out during LS1 and the measures taken by EN-EL to cope with this heavy workload.

  17. TAOS/LS1 development final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Phipps, G.S.; Gentry, S.M.; Falls, J.M.; Claassen, P.J.; Alder, G.J.

    1997-12-01

    The Laser Sensor No. 1 (LS1) is a system designed and built by Sandia to detect and report laser illumination of an orbiting satellite. It was launched March 1994 as part of the U.S. Air Force Phillips Laboratory, Technology for Autonomous Operational Survivability (TAOS) satellite program. The engineering details of the system are described in this report. Operation characteristics and results have been reserved for inclusion in a classified Air Force report prepared by the TAOS Program Office of Phillips Laboratory.

  18. Isogeometric Analysis with LS-DYNA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hartmann, S.; Benson, D.; Nagy, A.

    2016-08-01

    In the last decade numerous research has been done in the area of Isogeometric Analysis (IGA). The intention of this rather new technology is the wish to have a stronger integration of Computer Aided Design (CAD) and Finite Element Analysis (FEA). Its basic idea is to use the same mathematical description for the geometry as well in the design process (CAD) as in the later analysis (FEA). One of the wide spread geometry description methodology in CAD-systems is the usage of Non-Uniform Rational B-Splines (NURBS) as basis functions. NURBS-based finite elements have been proven to be very well suited for computational analysis leading to qualitatively more accurate results in comparison with standard finite elements based on Lagrange polynomials. Therefore continuous development of Isogeometric Analysis has been added to LS-DYNA in the last years. The present contribution will give an overview about the current possibilities in LS-DYNA to use NURBS-based CAD-geometry description for numerical simulation and outline future plans for their enhancements.

  19. LS1 Report: nearing the finish line

    CERN Multimedia

    Katarina Anthony

    2014-01-01

    The LS1 team will be popping the champagne next week, on Tuesday 27 May, celebrating the completion of the consolidation of the splices in the framework of the SMACC project.   A technician works on one of the final shunts during LS1. "It has been a long journey into the heart of the LHC, tackling over 27,000 shunts*," says Luca Bottura, TE-MSC Group leader. "We are happy that the final train has, at last, reached its rest station, and look forward to sending it on many new adventures," confirm Frédéric Savary, TE-MSC Large Magnet Facility Section leader, and Jean-Philippe Tock, SMACC Project leader. Also in the LHC, pressure tests in Sector 1-2 - the third sector to be tackled - are almost complete. The temperature in Sector 6-7 is around 100K and it will be accessible again from next week. As for the SPS, all the LSS1 beam elements excluding one monitor are back in position. Vacuum teams are now ...

  20. Non-stop training during LS1!

    CERN Multimedia

    HSE Unit

    2013-01-01

    The year 2013 is a busy year for the Safety Training team, who are seeing a dramatic increase in their activities during LS1. The Safety Training Service within the HSE Unit offers training courses all year round to people working on the CERN site who are exposed to a variety of potential hazards (e.g. chemical hazards, fire hazards, etc.) either because of the activities they perform (e.g. work in confined spaces or on machines) and/or their place of work (e.g. workshops, laboratories, underground areas, etc.).   LS1 has triggered an increase in the number of requests for training, mainly from people requiring to carry out work on the LHC. Indeed, in order to access the underground areas, it is obligatory to have taken certain safety courses such as the self-rescue mask or radiation protection training courses. Consequently, the number of training sessions and the number of people trained is currently twice what it was during the same period in 2012, with almost 4,600 people trained in 530 s...

  1. A PREPROCESSING LS-CMA IN HIGHLY CORRUPTIVE ENVIRONMENT

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Guo Yan; Fang Dagang; Thomas N.C.Wang; Liang Changhong

    2002-01-01

    A fast preprocessing Least Square-Constant Modulus Algorithm (LS-CMA) is proposed for blind adaptive beamforming. This new preprocessing method precludes noise capture caused by the original LS-CMA with the preprocessing procedure controlled by the static Constant Modulus Algorithm (CMA). The simulation results have shown that the proposed fast preprocessing LS-CMA can effectively reject the co-channel interference, and quickly lock onto the constant modulus desired signal with only one snapshot in a highly corruptive environment.

  2. UFOs in the LHC after LS1

    CERN Document Server

    Baer, T; Carlier, E; Cerutti, F; Dehning, B; Ducimetière, L; Ferrari, A; Garrel, N; Gérardin, A; Goddard, B; Holzer, E B; Jackson, S; Jimenez, J M; Kain, V; Lechner, A; Mertens, V; Misiowiec, M; Morón Ballester, R; Nebot del Busto, E; Norderhaug Drosdal, L; Nordt, A; Uythoven, J; Velghe, B; Vlachoudis, V; Wenninger, J; Zamantzas, C; Zimmermann, F; Fuster Martinez, N

    2012-01-01

    UFOs (Unidentified Falling Objects) are potentially a major luminosity limitation for nominal LHC operation. With large-scale increases of the BLM thresholds, their impact on LHC availability was mitigated in the second half of 2011. For higher beam energy and lower magnet quench limits, the problem is expected to be considerably worse, though. Therefore, in 2011, the diagnostics for UFO events were significantly improved, dedicated experiments and measurements in the LHC and in the laboratory were made and complemented by FLUKA simulations and theoretical studies. In this paper, the state of knowledge is summarized and extrapolations for LHC operation after LS1 are presented. Mitigation strategies are proposed and related tests and measures for 2012 are specified.

  3. Range and railgun development results at LS and PA ``Soyuz``

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Babakov, Y.P.; Plekhanov, A.V.; Zheleznyi, V.B. [Lyubertsy Scientific and Production Association Soyuz, Dzerzhinskiy (Russian Federation). Energophyzika Dept.

    1995-01-01

    A rail electromagnetic accelerator is one of the most reliable and simple devices for accelerating macroparticles up to high velocity. These accelerators allow scientists to carry out fundamental and applied investigations to study both equation-of-state of materials at high pressure due to high velocity encounters, and creation of conditions for shock thermonuclear fusion. In the department ``Energophyzika`` LS and PA ``Soyuz`` range was created. It was equipped with an inductor with storage capacity up to 12.5 MJ energized by a solid propellant MHD generator and a capacitor bank (energy capacity up to 6 MJ). These systems deliver currents of 1 MA and 2 MA, respectively. Diagnostic, recording, and autocalculation systems allow use of as many as 120 data channels with acquisition frequency up to 10 MHz. Recent technical successes in railgun construction, using special methods to compact plasma armature and produce high velocity trailing contact, creation of hybrid armatures, and optimizing acceleration made possible to gain velocities in the range of 6.2 to 6.8 km/s (masses of 3.8 to 10 g) and velocities 2.7 to 3.8 km/s (masses of 50 to 100 g) on railguns with length 2 to 4 m.

  4. Some remarks on photons statistics in the LS-counter

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Broda, R. [Institute of Atomic Energy, Radioisotope Centre POLATOM, 05-400 Otwock-Swierk (Poland)], E-mail: r.broda@polatom.pl

    2008-06-15

    The available experimental data relating to processes in the liquid scintillation (LS) detector that lead to fluorescence have been analysed and the evaluated number of photons created are given. The evaluated global distribution of photons emitted from the LS-vial in the case of low-energy emitters is presented. The global distribution of photons is well fitted by the Polya distribution.

  5. LS1 Report: Thank you magnetic horn!

    CERN Multimedia

    Antonella Del Rosso & Katarina Anthony

    2014-01-01

    Experiments at the Antimatter Decelerator (AD) have been receiving beams since the beginning of this week. There is a crucial element at the heart of the chain that prepares the antiproton beam: the so-called magnetic horn, a delicate piece of equipment that had to be refurbished during LS1 and that is now showing just how well it can perform.   View from the top of the target and horn trolley, along the direction of the beam. Antiprotons for the AD are produced by smashing a beam of protons from the PS onto an iridium target. However, the particles produced by the nuclear interactions are emitted at very wide angles; without a focussing element, all these precious particles would be lost. “A magnetic horn is placed at the exit of the target to focus back a large fraction of the negative particles, including antiprotons, parallel to the beam line and with the right momentum,” explains Marco Calviani, physicist in the EN Department and the expert in charge of the AD targe...

  6. LS1 Report: LHCb's early Christmas

    CERN Multimedia

    Katarina Anthony

    2014-01-01

    Accelerator chain up and running... CCC Operators back at their desks... all telltale signs of the start of Run 2! For the experiments, that means there are just a few short weeks left for them to prepare for beams. Over at LHCb, teams have kept ahead of the curve by focusing on new installations and improvements.   A delicate task: re-connecting the beam pipe in LHCb. From the primary detector services to the DAQ system to the high level trigger, November's injector test beams saw their way through a well-prepared LHCb experiment. “We set the transfer line tests as our deadline for the restart - the entire experiment had to be at nominal position and conditions,” says Eric Thomas, LHCb deputy Technical Coordinator and LHCb LS1 Project Coordinator. “Achieving this was a major milestone for the collaboration. If beam were to come tomorrow, we would be ready.” The injector tests gave the LHCb team a chance to synchronise their detectors, and to al...

  7. LS1 Report: ALICE ups the ante

    CERN Multimedia

    Katarina Anthony

    2014-01-01

    SPS up and running... LHC almost cold... CCC Operators back at their desks... all telltale signs of the start of Run 2! For the experiments, that means there are just a few short months left for them to prepare for beams. The CERN Bulletin will be checking in with each of the Big Four to see how they are getting on during these closing months...   It has been a long road for the ALICE LS1 team. From major improvements to the 19 sub-detectors to a full re-cabling and replacement of LEP-era electrical infrastructure, no part of the ALICE cavern has gone untouched.* With the experiment set to close in early December, the teams are making finishing touches before turning their focus towards re-commissioning and calibration. "Earlier this week, we installed the last two modules of the di-jet calorimeter," explains Werner Riegler, ALICE technical coordinator. "These are the final parts of a 60 degree calorimeter extension that is installed opposite the present calorimeter, c...

  8. LS1 Report: the clouds are lifting

    CERN Multimedia

    Anaïs Schaeffer

    2014-01-01

    To combat the problem of electron clouds, which perturbate the environment of the particle beams in our accelerators, the Vacuum team have turned to amorphous carbon. This material is being applied to the interior of 16 magnets in the SPS during LS1 and will help prevent the formation of the secondary particles which are responsible for these clouds.   This photo shows the familiar coils of an SPS dipole magnet in brown. The vacuum chamber is the metallic rectangular part in the centre. The small wheeled device you can see in the vacuum chamber carries the hollow cathodes  along the length of the chamber. When a particle beam circulates at high energy in a vacuum chamber, it unavoidably generates secondary particles. These include electrons produced by the ionisation of residual molecules in the vacuum or indirectly generated by synchrotron radiation. When these electrons hit the surface of the vacuum chamber, they produce other electrons which, through an avalanche-like process, re...

  9. CMS outreach event to close LS1

    CERN Multimedia

    Achintya Rao

    2015-01-01

    CMS opened its doors to about 700 students from schools near CERN, who visited the detector on 16 and 17 February during the last major CMS outreach event of LS1.   Pellentesque sapien mi, pharetra vitae, auctor eu, congue sed, turpis. Enthusiastic CMS guides spent a day and a half showing the equally enthusiastic visitors, aged 10 to 18, the beauty of CMS and particle physics. The recently installed wheelchair lift was called into action and enabled a visitor who arrived on crutches to access the detector cavern unimpeded.  The CMS collaboration had previously devoted a day to school visits after the successful “Neighbourhood Days” in May 2014 and, encouraged by the turnout, decided to extend an invitation to local schools once again. The complement of nearly 40 guides and crowd marshals was aided by a support team that coordinated the transportation of the young guests and received them at Point 5, where a dedicated safety team including first-aiders, security...

  10. LS1 Report: achieving the unachievable

    CERN Multimedia

    Anaïs Schaeffer

    2013-01-01

    The dismantling and extraction of a defective DFBA module from LHC Point 6, announced a few weeks ago, has been completed without a hitch. The DFBAs in the LHC are unique and irreplaceable components that must be handled with care.   The Transport team extract the defective module in one of the two DFBAs at Point 6. This module was brought to the surface, where it is currently being repared. Dismantling and extracting part of an electrical feed box (DFBA) had not been planned and could not have been foreseen. Nonetheless, that is what had to be done. When the LS1 teams discovered that the bellows of one of the DFBAs in Sector 5-6 were damaged - and completely inaccessible - they were not exactly overwhelmed with solutions. In fact, they had only one option: to dismantle them and take them up to the surface. Step 1: measure the alignment of the module to be taken out in relation to the beam lines to ensure that when the DFBA is put back in, it is in the right position for the beam to pass thr...

  11. LS1 Report: Summer cool down

    CERN Multimedia

    Katarina Anthony

    2014-01-01

    As the final LS1 activities are carried out in the machine, teams have been cooling down the accelerator sector by sector in preparation for beams.   The third sector of the LHC to be cooled down - sector 1-2 - has seen the process begin this week. During the cool-down phase, survey teams are measuring and smoothing (or realigning) the magnets at cold. By the end of August, five sectors of the machine will be in the process of cooling down, with one (sector 6-7) at cold. The LHC Access Safety System (LASS) is now being commissioned, and will be validated during the DSO tests at the beginning of October. As teams consolidate the modifications made to LASS during the shutdown, many points were closed for testing purposes. The CSCM (copper stabiliser continuity measurement) tests have been completed in the first sector (6-7) and no defect has been found. These results will be presented to the LHC Machine Committee next week. CSCM tests will start in the second sector in mid-August. Following many...

  12. LS1 Report: onwards and upwards

    CERN Multimedia

    Katarina Anthony

    2013-01-01

    For the first time since 2008, engineers have taken most of the LHC’s electromagnetic circuits up to the current needed for magnets to guide beams around the machine at the design energy of 7 TeV. This first phase of intensive tests has been instrumental for the planning of upcoming machine interventions.   All of the circuits in Sector 67 were powered to a 7 TeV equivalent current, with the main circuits (to be consolidated during LS1) powered at 4 TeV. Around 1700 magnet circuits are needed to circulate beams in the LHC. Come 2015, each and every one of these circuits will have to be able to accept their 7 TeV equivalent current. For the LHC’s 24 main dipole and quadrupole circuits, this will mean the consolidation of all their interconnections. But what about the rest of the LHC’s circuits that had been mostly operating at around 60% of the nominal value? How will they handle the ramp-up to design energy? Those questions were asked and answered during the rec...

  13. Fermi LAT Observations of LS 5039

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Abdo, A.A.; /Naval Research Lab, Wash., D.C. /Federal City Coll.; Ackermann, M.; /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Ajello, M.; /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Atwood, W.B.; /UC, Santa Cruz; Axelsson, M.; /Stockholm U. /Stockholm U., OKC; Baldini, L.; /INFN, Pisa; Ballet, J.; /DAPNIA, Saclay; Barbiellini, G.; /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U.; Bastieri, D.; /INFN, Padua /Padua U.; Baughman, B.M.; /Ohio State U.; Bechtol, K.; /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Bellazzini, R.; /INFN, Pisa; Berenji, B.; /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Blandford, R.D.; /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Bloom, E.D.; /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Bonamente, E.; /INFN, Perugia /Perugia U.; Borgland, A.W.; /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Bregeon, J.; /INFN, Pisa; Brez, A.; /INFN, Pisa; Brigida, M.; /Bari U. /INFN, Bari; Bruel, P.; /Ecole Polytechnique /Washington U., Seattle /Padua U. /Bari U. /INFN, Bari /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /IASF, Milan /Milan Polytechnic /DAPNIA, Saclay /ASDC, Frascati /INFN, Perugia /Perugia U. /NASA, Goddard /NASA, Goddard /CSST, Baltimore /DAPNIA, Saclay /Naval Research Lab, Wash., D.C. /George Mason U. /NASA, Goddard /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /INFN, Perugia /Perugia U. /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /Montpellier U. /Sonoma State U. /Stockholm U. /Stockholm U., OKC /DAPNIA, Saclay /NASA, Goddard /CSST, Baltimore /SLAC /ASDC, Frascati /Naval Research Lab, Wash., D.C. /INFN, Trieste /Bari U. /INFN, Bari /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /SLAC /Grenoble Observ. /CENBG, Gradignan /CENBG, Gradignan /Montpellier U.; /more authors..

    2012-03-29

    The first results from observations of the high-mass X-ray binary LS 5039 using the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope data between 2008 August and 2009 June are presented. Our results indicate variability that is consistent with the binary period, with the emission being modulated with a period of 3.903 {+-} 0.005 days; the first detection of this modulation at GeV energies. The light curve is characterized by a broad peak around superior conjunction in agreement with inverse Compton scattering models. The spectrum is represented by a power law with an exponential cutoff, yielding an overall flux (100 MeV-300 GeV) of 4.9 {+-} 0.5(stat) {+-} 1.8(syst) x 10{sup -7} photon cm{sup -2} s{sup -1}, with a cutoff at 2.1 {+-} 0.3(stat) {+-} 1.1(syst) GeV and photon index {Gamma} = 1.9 {+-} 0.1(stat) {+-} 0.3(syst). The spectrum is observed to vary with orbital phase, specifically between inferior and superior conjunction. We suggest that the presence of a cutoff in the spectrum may be indicative of magnetospheric emission similar to the emission seen in many pulsars by Fermi.

  14. LS1 Report: short-circuit tests

    CERN Multimedia

    Katarina Anthony

    2014-01-01

    As the LS1 draws to an end, teams move from installation projects to a phase of intense testing. Among these are the so-called 'short-circuit tests'. Currently under way at Point 7, these tests verify the cables, the interlocks, the energy extraction systems, the power converters that provide current to the superconducting magnets and the cooling system.   Thermal camera images taken during tests at point 4 (IP4). Before putting beam into the LHC, all of the machine's hardware components need to be put to the test. Out of these, the most complicated are the superconducting circuits, which have a myriad of different failure modes with interlock and control systems. While these will be tested at cold - during powering tests to be done in August - work can still be done beforehand. "While the circuits in the magnets themselves cannot be tested at warm, what we can do is verify the power converter and the circuits right up to the place the cables go into the magn...

  15. LS1 Report: Setting the bar high

    CERN Multimedia

    Anaïs Schaeffer

    2014-01-01

    This week LS1 successfully passed an important milestone: the first pressure test of a complete sector, sector 6-7.  The objective of this test was to check the mechanical integrity and overall leak-tightness of this section of the LHC by injecting it with pressurised helium.   The team in charge of the preparation and of the realisation of the pressure tests in sector 6-7. “Given the scale of the work and of the operations carried out during 2013, particularly in the framework of the SMACC project and of the repair of the compensators of the cryogenic distribution line (QRL), we need to revalidate the integrity of the systems before the accelerator starts up again,” explains Olivier Pirotte, who is in charge of the pressure tests (TE-CRG). The pressure tests are performed over a single day after two weeks of intensive activity to prepare and specially configure the cryogenic instrumentation in the tunnel, and the pressure within a sector is increased in stages,...

  16. Temperature Drift Modeling of FOG Based on LS-WSVM

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Li-ping; KONG Xiao-mei; FU Meng-yin; WANG Mei-ling; ZHANG Jia-wen; JIANG Ming

    2008-01-01

    Large temperature drift is an important factor for improving the performance of FOG. A trend term of temperature drift of FOG is obtained using stationary wavelets transform, and an FOG drift algorithm with least squares wavelet support vector machine (LS-WSVM) is developed. The algorithm used Maxihat wavelet as a kernel function of LSWSVM to establish an FOG drift model. It has better modeling precise than LS-WSVM model with Gauss kernel. Results indicate the efficiency of this algorithm of LS-WSVM.

  17. Online LS-SVM for function estimation and classification

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jianghua Liu; Jia-pin Chen; Shan Jiang; Junshi Cheng

    2003-01-01

    An online algorithm for training LS-SVM (Least Square Support Vector Machines) was proposed for the application of function estimation and classification. Online LS-SVM means that LS-SVM can be trained in an incremental way, and can be pruned to get sparse approximation in a decremental way. When a SV (Support Vector) is added or removed, the online algorithm avoids computing large-scale matrix inverse. Thus the computation cost is reduced. Online algorithm is especially useful to realistic function estimation problem such as system identification. The experiments with benchmark function estimation problem and classification problem show the validity of this online algorithm.

  18. LS-SVM的组合优化算法研究%Research on LS-SVM combination optimization algorithm

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾绍华

    2007-01-01

    根据LS-SVM不具稀疏解的特性,提出了LS-SVM的组合优化算法及其改进算法,并利用整数规划优化了LS-SVM的组合优化算法中划分的样本子集包含的样本个数p.最后,对算法复杂性做了分析,仿真验证了算法的收敛性和有效性.

  19. Mars at Ls 306o: Acidalia/Mare Erythraeum

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-01-01

    11 October 2005 This picture is a composite of Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) daily global images acquired at Ls 306o during a previous Mars year. This month, Mars looks similar, as Ls 306o occurs in mid-October 2005. The picture shows the Acidalia/Mare Erythraeum face of Mars. Over the course of the month, additional faces of Mars as it appears at this time of year are being posted for MOC Picture of the Day. Ls, solar longitude, is a measure of the time of year on Mars. Mars travels 360o around the Sun in 1 Mars year. The year begins at Ls 0o, the start of northern spring and southern autumn. Season: Northern Winter/Southern Summer

  20. Mars at Ls 79o: Elysium/Mare Cimmerium

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    25 July 2006 This picture is a composite of Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) daily global images acquired at Ls 79o during a previous Mars year. This month, Mars looks similar, as Ls 79o occurred in mid-July 2006. The picture shows the Elysium/Mare Cimmerium face of Mars. Over the course of the month, additional faces of Mars as it appears at this time of year are being posted for MOC Picture of the Day. Ls, solar longitude, is a measure of the time of year on Mars. Mars travels 360o around the Sun in 1 Mars year. The year begins at Ls 0o, the start of northern spring and southern autumn. Season: Northern Spring/Southern Autumn

  1. Mars at Ls 53o: North Polar Region

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    30 May 2006 This picture is a composite of Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) daily global images acquired at Ls 53o during a previous Mars year. This month, Mars looks similar, as Ls 53o occurred in mid-May 2006. The picture shows the north polar region of Mars. Over the course of the month, additional faces of Mars as it appears at this time of year are being posted for MOC Picture of the Day. Ls, solar longitude, is a measure of the time of year on Mars. Mars travels 360o around the Sun in 1 Mars year. The year begins at Ls 0o, the start of northern spring and southern autumn. Season: Northern Winter/Southern Summer

  2. Mars at Ls 324o: Acidalia/Mare Erythraeum

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-01-01

    8 November 2005 This picture is a composite of Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) daily global images acquired at Ls 324o during a previous Mars year. This month, Mars looks similar, as Ls 324o occurs in mid-November 2005. The picture shows the Acidalia/Mare Erythraeum face of Mars. Over the course of the month, additional faces of Mars as it appears at this time of year are being posted for MOC Picture of the Day. Ls, solar longitude, is a measure of the time of year on Mars. Mars travels 360o around the Sun in 1 Mars year. The year begins at Ls 0o, the start of northern spring and southern autumn. Season: Northern Winter/Southern Summer

  3. Mars at Ls 12o: Elysium/Mare Cimmerium

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    28 February 2006 This picture is a composite of Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) daily global images acquired at Ls 12o during a previous Mars year. This month, Mars looks similar, as Ls 12o occurred in mid-February 2006. The picture shows the Elysium/Mare Cimmerium face of Mars. Over the course of the month, additional faces of Mars as it appears at this time of year are being posted for MOC Picture of the Day. Ls, solar longitude, is a measure of the time of year on Mars. Mars travels 360o around the Sun in 1 Mars year. The year begins at Ls 0o, the start of northern spring and southern autumn. Season: Northern Spring/Southern Autumn

  4. Mars at Ls 269o: South Polar Region

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-01-01

    30 August 2005 This picture is a composite of Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) daily global images acquired at Ls 269o during a previous Mars year. This month, Mars looks similar, as Ls 269o occurred in mid-August 2005. The picture shows the south polar region of Mars. Over the course of the month, additional faces of Mars as it appears at this time of year are being posted for MOC Picture of the Day. Ls, solar longitude, is a measure of the time of year on Mars. Mars travels 360o around the Sun in 1 Mars year. The year begins at Ls 0o, the start of northern spring and southern autumn. Season: last days of Northern Autumn/Southern Spring

  5. Mars at Ls 39o: Elysium/Mare Cimmerium

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    25 April 2006 This picture is a composite of Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) daily global images acquired at Ls 39o during a previous Mars year. This month, Mars looks similar, as Ls 39o occurred in mid-April 2006. The picture shows the Elysium/Mare Cimmerium face of Mars. Over the course of the month, additional faces of Mars as it appears at this time of year are being posted for MOC Picture of the Day. Ls, solar longitude, is a measure of the time of year on Mars. Mars travels 360o around the Sun in 1 Mars year. The year begins at Ls 0o, the start of northern spring and southern autumn. Season: Northern Spring/Southern Autumn

  6. Mars at Ls 53o: Acidalia/Mare Erythraeum

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    9 May 2006 This picture is a composite of Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) daily global images acquired at Ls 53o during a previous Mars year. This month, Mars looks similar, as Ls 53o occurs in mid-May 2006. The picture shows the Acidalia/Mare Erythraeum face of Mars. Over the course of the month, additional faces of Mars as it appears at this time of year are being posted for MOC Picture of the Day. Ls, solar longitude, is a measure of the time of year on Mars. Mars travels 360o around the Sun in 1 Mars year. The year begins at Ls 0o, the start of northern spring and southern autumn. Season: Northern Spring/Southern Autumn

  7. Mars at Ls 306o: Elysium/Mare Cimmerium

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-01-01

    25 October 2005 This picture is a composite of Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) daily global images acquired at Ls 306o during a previous Mars year. This month, Mars looks similar, as Ls 306o occurred in mid-October 2005. The picture shows the Elysium/Mare Cimmerium face of Mars. Over the course of the month, additional faces of Mars as it appears at this time of year are being posted for MOC Picture of the Day. Ls, solar longitude, is a measure of the time of year on Mars. Mars travels 360o around the Sun in 1 Mars year. The year begins at Ls 0o, the start of northern spring and southern autumn. Season: Northern Winter/Southern Summer

  8. Mars at Ls 269o: Acidalia/Mare Erythraeum

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-01-01

    9 August 2005 This picture is a composite of Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) daily global images acquired at Ls 269o during a previous Mars year. This month, Mars looks similar, as Ls 269o occurs in mid-August 2005. The picture shows the Acidalia/Mare Erythraeum face of Mars. Over the course of the month, additional faces of Mars as it appears at this time of year are being posted for MOC Picture of the Day. Ls, solar longitude, is a measure of the time of year on Mars. Mars travels 360o around the Sun in 1 Mars year. The year begins at Ls 0o, the start of northern spring and southern autumn. Season: last days of Northern Autumn/Southern Spring

  9. Mars at Ls 288o: Elysium/Mare Cimmerium

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-01-01

    27 September 2005 This picture is a composite of Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) daily global images acquired at Ls 288o during a previous Mars year. This month, Mars looks similar, as Ls 288o occurred in mid-September 2005. The picture shows the Elysium/Mare Cimmerium face of Mars. Over the course of the month, additional faces of Mars as it appears at this time of year are being posted for MOC Picture of the Day. Ls, solar longitude, is a measure of the time of year on Mars. Mars travels 360o around the Sun in 1 Mars year. The year begins at Ls 0o, the start of northern spring and southern autumn. Season: Northern Winter/Southern Summer

  10. Mars at Ls 107o: Acidalia/Mare Erythraeum

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    13 September 2006 This picture is a composite of Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) daily global images acquired at Ls 107o during a previous Mars year. This month, Mars looks similar, as Ls 107o occurs in mid-September 2006. The picture shows the Acidalia/Mare Erythraeum face of Mars. Over the course of the month, additional faces of Mars as it appears at this time of year are being posted for MOC Picture of the Day. Ls, solar longitude, is a measure of the time of year on Mars. Mars travels 360o around the Sun in 1 Mars year. The year begins at Ls 0o, the start of northern spring and southern autumn. Season: Northern Summer/Southern Winter

  11. Mars at Ls 357o: Acidalia/Mare Erythraeum

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    10 January 2006 This picture is a composite of Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) daily global images acquired at Ls 357o during a previous Mars year. This month, Mars looks similar, as Ls 357o occurs in mid-January 2006. The picture shows the Acidalia/Mare Erythraeum face of Mars. Over the course of the month, additional faces of Mars as it appears at this time of year are being posted for MOC Picture of the Day. Ls, solar longitude, is a measure of the time of year on Mars. Mars travels 360o around the Sun in 1 Mars year. The year begins at Ls 0o, the start of northern spring and southern autumn. Season: Northern Winter/Southern Summer

  12. Mars at Ls 25o: Acidalia/Mare Erythraeum

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    14 March 2006 This picture is a composite of Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) daily global images acquired at Ls 25o during a previous Mars year. This month, Mars looks similar, as Ls 25o occurs in mid-March 2006. The picture shows the Acidalia/Mare Erythraeum face of Mars. Over the course of the month, additional faces of Mars as it appears at this time of year are being posted for MOC Picture of the Day. Ls, solar longitude, is a measure of the time of year on Mars. Mars travels 360o around the Sun in 1 Mars year. The year begins at Ls 0o, the start of northern spring and southern autumn. Season: Northern Spring/Southern Autumn

  13. Mars at Ls 93o: Elysium/Mare Cimmerium

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    22 August 2006 This picture is a composite of Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) daily global images acquired at Ls 93o during a previous Mars year. This month, Mars looks similar, as Ls 93o occurred in mid-August 2006. The picture shows the Elysium/Mare Cimmerium face of Mars. Over the course of the month, additional faces of Mars as it appears at this time of year are being posted for MOC Picture of the Day. Ls, solar longitude, is a measure of the time of year on Mars. Mars travels 360o around the Sun in 1 Mars year. The year begins at Ls 0o, the start of northern spring and southern autumn. Location near: 86.1oN, 208.5oW Image width: 3 km (1.9 mi) Illumination from: lower left Season: Northern Summer/Southern Winter

  14. Mars at Ls 230o: Elysium/Mare Cimmerium

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-01-01

    28 June 2005 This picture is a composite of Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) daily global images acquired at Ls 230o during a previous Mars year. This month, Mars looks similar, as Ls 230o occurred in mid-June 2005. The picture shows the Elysium/Mare Cimmerium face of Mars. Over the course of the month, additional faces of Mars as it appears at this time of year are being posted for MOC Picture of the Day. Ls, solar longitude, is a measure of the time of year on Mars. Mars travels 360o around the Sun in 1 Mars year. The year begins at Ls 0o, the start of northern spring and southern autumn. Season Northern Autumn/Southern Spring

  15. Mars at Ls 324o: Elysium/Mare Cimmerium

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-01-01

    22 November 2005 This picture is a composite of Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) daily global images acquired at Ls 324o during a previous Mars year. This month, Mars looks similar, as Ls 324o occurred in mid-November 2005. The picture shows the Elysium/Mare Cimmerium face of Mars. Over the course of the month, additional faces of Mars as it appears at this time of year are being posted for MOC Picture of the Day. Ls, solar longitude, is a measure of the time of year on Mars. Mars travels 360o around the Sun in 1 Mars year. The year begins at Ls 0o, the start of northern spring and southern autumn. Season: Northern Winter/Southern Summer

  16. A new TDCR-LS counter using Channel photomultiplier tubes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ivan, C; Cassette, P; Sahagia, Maria

    2008-01-01

    A new Triple to Double Coincidence Ratio (TDCR) liquid scintillation (LS) counter using recently available photodetectors, the Channel photomultiplier (CPM) tubes, was constructed and tested in the framework of a scientific cooperation between IFIN-HH and LNHB. The prototype LS counter uses 3CPM tubes arranged symmetrically in an optical chamber around a standard LS vial. The behavior of the prototype was first evaluated with a light emitting diode (LED) light pulser. The counter was then compared against a TDCR counter using conventional photomultiplier tubes, by measuring (55)Fe, (3)H, (63)Ni and (90)Sr/(90)Y LS sources prepared in commercial liquid scintillation cocktails. Although the observed detection efficiency was significantly lower than the one achieved with the traditional counter, we found a remarkable agreement on the activity determination using the two counters. Details on the prototype and the measurement results obtained are discussed in this paper.

  17. Mars at Ls 12o: Acidalia/Mare Erythraeum

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    15 February 2006 This picture is a composite of Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) daily global images acquired at Ls 12o during a previous Mars year. This month, Mars looks similar, as Ls 12o occurs in mid-February 2006. The picture shows the Acidalia/Mare Erythraeum face of Mars. Over the course of the month, additional faces of Mars as it appears at this time of year are being posted for MOC Picture of the Day. Ls, solar longitude, is a measure of the time of year on Mars. Mars travels 360o around the Sun in 1 Mars year. The year begins at Ls 0o, the start of northern spring and southern autumn. Season: Northern Winter/Southern Summer

  18. Mars at Ls 39o: Acidalia/Mare Erythraeum

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    11 April 2006 This picture is a composite of Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) daily global images acquired at Ls 39o during a previous Mars year. This month, Mars looks similar, as Ls 39o occurs in mid-April 2006. The picture shows the Acidalia/Mare Erythraeum face of Mars. Over the course of the month, additional faces of Mars as it appears at this time of year are being posted for MOC Picture of the Day. Ls, solar longitude, is a measure of the time of year on Mars. Mars travels 360o around the Sun in 1 Mars year. The year begins at Ls 0o, the start of northern spring and southern autumn. Season: Northern Spring/Southern Autumn

  19. Mars at Ls 107o: Elysium/Mare Cimmerium

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    26 September 2006 This picture is a composite of Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) daily global images acquired at Ls 107o during a previous Mars year. This month, Mars looks similar, as Ls 107o occurred in mid-September 2006. The picture shows the Elysium/Mare Cimmerium face of Mars. Over the course of the month, additional faces of Mars as it appears at this time of year are being posted for MOC Picture of the Day. Ls, solar longitude, is a measure of the time of year on Mars. Mars travels 360o around the Sun in 1 Mars year. The year begins at Ls 0o, the start of northern spring and southern autumn. Season: Northern Summer/Southern Winter

  20. Mars at Ls 249o: Acidalia/Mare Erythraeum

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-01-01

    12 July 2005 This picture is a composite of Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) daily global images acquired at Ls 249o during a previous Mars year. This month, Mars looks similar, as Ls 249o occurs in mid-July 2005. The picture shows the Acidalia/Mare Erythraeum face of Mars. Over the course of the month, additional faces of Mars as it appears at this time of year are being posted for MOC Picture of the Day. Ls, solar longitude, is a measure of the time of year on Mars. Mars travels 360o around the Sun in 1 Mars year. The year begins at Ls 0o, the start of northern spring and southern autumn. Season: Northern Autumn/Southern Spring

  1. Mars at Ls 288o: Acidalia/Mare Erythraeum

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-01-01

    13 September 2005 This picture is a composite of Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) daily global images acquired at Ls 288o during a previous Mars year. This month, Mars looks similar, as Ls 288o occurs in mid-September 2005. The picture shows the Acidalia/Mare Erythraeum face of Mars. Over the course of the month, additional faces of Mars as it appears at this time of year are being posted for MOC Picture of the Day. Ls, solar longitude, is a measure of the time of year on Mars. Mars travels 360o around the Sun in 1 Mars year. The year begins at Ls 0o, the start of northern spring and southern autumn. Season: Northern Winter/Southern Summer

  2. Mars at Ls 25o: Elysium/Mare Cimmerium

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    28 March 2006 This picture is a composite of Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) daily global images acquired at Ls 25o during a previous Mars year. This month, Mars looks similar, as Ls 25o occurred in mid-March 2006. The picture shows the Elysium/Mare Cimmerium face of Mars. Over the course of the month, additional faces of Mars as it appears at this time of year are being posted for MOC Picture of the Day. Ls, solar longitude, is a measure of the time of year on Mars. Mars travels 360o around the Sun in 1 Mars year. The year begins at Ls 0o, the start of northern spring and southern autumn. Season: Northern Spring/Southern Autumn

  3. Mars at Ls 79o: Acidalia/Mare Erythraeum

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    11 July 2006 This picture is a composite of Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) daily global images acquired at Ls 79o during a previous Mars year. This month, Mars looks similar, as Ls 79o occurs in mid-July 2006. The picture shows the Acidalia/Mare Erythraeum face of Mars. Over the course of the month, additional faces of Mars as it appears at this time of year are being posted for MOC Picture of the Day. Ls, solar longitude, is a measure of the time of year on Mars. Mars travels 360o around the Sun in 1 Mars year. The year begins at Ls 0o, the start of northern spring and southern autumn. Season: Northern Spring/Southern Autumn

  4. Mars at Ls 341o: Elysium/Mare Cimmerium

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-01-01

    27 December 2005 This picture is a composite of Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) daily global images acquired at Ls 341o during a previous Mars year. This month, Mars looks similar, as Ls 341o occurred in mid-December 2005. The picture shows the Elysium/Mare Cimmerium face of Mars. Over the course of the month, additional faces of Mars as it appears at this time of year are being posted for MOC Picture of the Day. Ls, solar longitude, is a measure of the time of year on Mars. Mars travels 360o around the Sun in 1 Mars year. The year begins at Ls 0o, the start of northern spring and southern autumn. Season: Northern Winter/Southern Summer

  5. Mars at Ls 66o: Acidalia/Mare Erythraeum

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    13 June 2006 This picture is a composite of Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) daily global images acquired at Ls 66o during a previous Mars year. This month, Mars looks similar, as Ls 66o occurs in mid-June 2006. The picture shows the Acidalia/Mare Erythraeum face of Mars. Over the course of the month, additional faces of Mars as it appears at this time of year are being posted for MOC Picture of the Day. Ls, solar longitude, is a measure of the time of year on Mars. Mars travels 360o around the Sun in 1 Mars year. The year begins at Ls 0o, the start of northern spring and southern autumn. Season: Northern Spring/Southern Autumn

  6. Mars at Ls 357o: Elysium/Mare Cimmerium

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    25 January 2006 This picture is a composite of Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) daily global images acquired at Ls 357o during a previous Mars year. This month, Mars looks similar, as Ls 357o occurred in mid-January 2006. The picture shows the Elysium/Mare Cimmerium face of Mars. Over the course of the month, additional faces of Mars as it appears at this time of year are being posted for MOC Picture of the Day. Ls, solar longitude, is a measure of the time of year on Mars. Mars travels 360o around the Sun in 1 Mars year. The year begins at Ls 0o, the start of northern spring and southern autumn. Season: Northern Winter/Southern Summer

  7. Mars at Ls 66o: Elysium/Mare Cimmerium

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    27 June 2006 This picture is a composite of Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) daily global images acquired at Ls 66o during a previous Mars year. This month, Mars looks similar, as Ls 66o occurred in mid-June 2006. The picture shows the Elysium/Mare Cimmerium face of Mars. Over the course of the month, additional faces of Mars as it appears at this time of year are being posted for MOC Picture of the Day. Ls, solar longitude, is a measure of the time of year on Mars. Mars travels 360o around the Sun in 1 Mars year. The year begins at Ls 0o, the start of northern spring and southern autumn. Northern Spring/Southern Autumn

  8. Mars at Ls 93o: Acidalia/Mare Erythraeum

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    8 August 2006 This picture is a composite of Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) daily global images acquired at Ls 93o during a previous Mars year. This month, Mars looks similar, as Ls 93o occurs in mid-August 2006. The picture shows the Acidalia/Mare Erythraeum face of Mars. Over the course of the month, additional faces of Mars as it appears at this time of year are being posted for MOC Picture of the Day. Ls, solar longitude, is a measure of the time of year on Mars. Mars travels 360o around the Sun in 1 Mars year. The year begins at Ls 0o, the start of northern spring and southern autumn. Season: Northern Summer/Southern Winter

  9. Mars at Ls 53o: Elysium/Mare Cimmerium

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    23 May 2006 This picture is a composite of Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) daily global images acquired at Ls 53o during a previous Mars year. This month, Mars looks similar, as Ls 53o occurred in mid-May 2006. The picture shows the Elysium/Mare Cimmerium face of Mars. Over the course of the month, additional faces of Mars as it appears at this time of year are being posted for MOC Picture of the Day. Ls, solar longitude, is a measure of the time of year on Mars. Mars travels 360o around the Sun in 1 Mars year. The year begins at Ls 0o, the start of northern spring and southern autumn. Season: Northern Spring/Southern Autumn

  10. Mars at Ls 249o: Elysium/Mare Cimmerium

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-01-01

    26 July 2005 This picture is a composite of Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) daily global images acquired at Ls 249o during a previous Mars year. This month, Mars looks similar, as Ls 249o occurred in mid-July 2005. The picture shows the Elysium/Mare Cimmerium face of Mars. Over the course of the month, additional faces of Mars as it appears at this time of year are being posted for MOC Picture of the Day. Ls, solar longitude, is a measure of the time of year on Mars. Mars travels 360o around the Sun in 1 Mars year. The year begins at Ls 0o, the start of northern spring and southern autumn. Season: Northern Autumn/Southern Spring

  11. Mars at Ls 269o: Elysium/Mare Cimmerium

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-01-01

    23 August 2005 This picture is a composite of Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) daily global images acquired at Ls 269o during a previous Mars year. This month, Mars looks similar, as Ls 269o occurred in mid-August 2005. The picture shows the Elysium/Mare Cimmerium face of Mars. Over the course of the month, additional faces of Mars as it appears at this time of year are being posted for MOC Picture of the Day. Ls, solar longitude, is a measure of the time of year on Mars. Mars travels 360o around the Sun in 1 Mars year. The year begins at Ls 0o, the start of northern spring and southern autumn. Season: last days of Northern Autumn/Southern Spring

  12. Characteristics of CdLS (Cornelia de Lange Syndrome)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Celebration and Memorial Gifts Planned Giving Monthly Giving Corporate Partnership Matching Gifts Stocks, Trusts and Other Gifts ... 25 percent of individuals with CdLS. Behavioral and communication issues and developmental delays often exist. Major Characteristics ...

  13. VIDEOGIOCHI E ITALIANO L2/LS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Filippo Zanoli

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available L'articolo prende in considerazione alcune ipotesi sull'uso del videogioco nell'insegnamento/apprendimento della lingua straniera supportate dall'analisi di alcuni videogames per uso didattico. Pur non nascondendo le difficoltà che l'insegnante può incontrare nell'integrare il videogioco nel percorso di insegnamento/apprendimento di una lingua straniera in classe, diversi sono i motivi per i quali il videogioco può essere considerato un efficace strumento di apprendimento linguistico. Innanzitutto perché gli input linguistici possono essere numerosi e vari, in secondo luogo perché è vettore di lingua che coinvolge i diversi sensi e diverse operazioni cognitive e, in terzo luogo perché trasforma il processo dell'apprendimento da simbolico a esperienziale. Infine perché si tratta di un mezzo divertente capace di creare interesse ad apprendere offrendo opportunità straordinarie in quanto attiva negli apprendenti, soprattutto più giovani, due fattori chiave per un apprendimento solido e duraturo: l'esperienza e la motivazione, elementi che spesso le metodologie tradizionali trascurano. A conclusione dell'articolo viene proposta di attività didattica di italiano LS con una serie di suggerimenti per l'insegnante.   This article discusses the use of videogames in teaching/learning a foreign language and analyzes a few didactic videogames. While not underestimating the difficulties that teachers may have in integrating videogames in the teaching/learning process in a classroom, there are different reasons why videogames can be considered effective tools for language learning. First of all, the linguistic input is varied and rich, and secondly it is a way of engaging different senses and cognitive processes, and in the third place it transforms learning from something symbolic to something experiential. Finally, it is an amusing way to generate interest in learning by offering an extraordinary opportunity, since it activates two key aspects

  14. A SAA-based Novel Hybrid Intelligent Evolutionary Algorithm for Job Shop Scheduling Problem

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    Through systematic analysis and comparison of the common features of SAA, ES and traditional LS (local search) algorithm, a new hybrid strategy of mixing SA, ES with LS, namely HIEA (Hybrid Intelligent Evolutionary Algorithm), is proposed in this paper. Viewed as a whole, the hybrid strategy is also an intelligent heuristic searching procedure. But it has some characteristics such as generality, robustness, etc., because it synthesizes advantages of SA, ES and LS, while the shortages of the three methods are overcome. This paper applies Markov chain theory to describe the hybrid strategy mathematically, and proves that the algorithm possesses the global asymptotical convergence and analyzes the performance of HIEA.

  15. The PD-1/PD-Ls pathway and autoimmune diseases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dai, Suya; Jia, Ru; Zhang, Xiao; Fang, Qiwen; Huang, Lijuan

    2014-07-01

    The programmed death (PD)-1/PD-1 ligands (PD-Ls) pathway, is a new member of the B7/CD28 family, and consists of the PD-1 receptor and its ligands PD-L1 (B7-H1, CD274) and PD-L2 (B7-DC, CD273). Recently, it is reported that PD-1, PD-L1 and PD-L2 also have soluble forms aside from their membrane bound forms. The soluble forms increase the diversity and complexity of PD-1/PD-Ls pathway in both composition and function. The PD-1/PD-Ls pathway is broadly expressed and exerts a wider range of immunoregulatory roles in T-cell activation and tolerance compared with other B7/CD28 family members. Studies show that the PD-1/PD-Ls pathway regulates the induction and maintenance of peripheral tolerance and protects tissues from autoimmune attack in physiological conditions. In addition, it is also involved in various diseases mediated by T cells, such as autoimmunity, tumor immunity, chronic viral infections, and transplantation immunity. In this review, we will summarize the relevance of the soluble forms and the latest researches on the role of PD-1/PD-Ls pathway in autoimmune diseases.

  16. Semisupervised learning using Bayesian interpretation: application to LS-SVM.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adankon, Mathias M; Cheriet, Mohamed; Biem, Alain

    2011-04-01

    Bayesian reasoning provides an ideal basis for representing and manipulating uncertain knowledge, with the result that many interesting algorithms in machine learning are based on Bayesian inference. In this paper, we use the Bayesian approach with one and two levels of inference to model the semisupervised learning problem and give its application to the successful kernel classifier support vector machine (SVM) and its variant least-squares SVM (LS-SVM). Taking advantage of Bayesian interpretation of LS-SVM, we develop a semisupervised learning algorithm for Bayesian LS-SVM using our approach based on two levels of inference. Experimental results on both artificial and real pattern recognition problems show the utility of our method.

  17. Anticancer activity of the iron facilitator LS081

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Glass Jonathan

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Cancer cells have increased levels of transferrin receptor and lower levels of ferritin, an iron deficient phenotype that has led to the use of iron chelators to further deplete cells of iron and limit cancer cell growth. As cancer cells also have increased reactive oxygen species (ROS we hypothesized that a contrarian approach of enhancing iron entry would allow for further increased generation of ROS causing oxidative damage and cell death. Methods A small molecule library consisting of ~11,000 compounds was screened to identify compounds that stimulated iron-induced quenching of intracellular calcein fluorescence. We verified the iron facilitating properties of the lead compound, LS081, through 55Fe uptake and the expression of the iron storage protein, ferritin. LS081-induced iron facilitation was correlated with rates of cancer cell growth inhibition, ROS production, clonogenicity, and hypoxia induced factor (HIF levels. Results Compound LS081 increased 55Fe uptake in various cancer cell lines and Caco2 cells, a model system for studying intestinal iron uptake. LS081 also increased the uptake of Fe from transferrin (Tf. LS081 decreased proliferation of the PC-3 prostate cancer cell line in the presence of iron with a lesser effect on normal prostate 267B1 cells. In addition, LS081 markedly decreased HIF-1α and -2α levels in DU-145 prostate cancer cell line and the MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cell lines, stimulated ROS production, and decreased clonogenicity. Conclusions We have developed a high through-put screening technique and identified small molecules that stimulate iron uptake both from ferriTf and non-Tf bound iron. These iron facilitator compounds displayed properties suggesting that they may serve as anti-cancer agents.

  18. Forecasting Models for Hydropower Unit Stability Using LS-SVM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liangliang Qiao

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses a least square support vector machine (LS-SVM approach for forecasting stability parameters of Francis turbine unit. To achieve training and testing data for the models, four field tests were presented, especially for the vibration in Y-direction of lower generator bearing (LGB and pressure in draft tube (DT. A heuristic method such as a neural network using Backpropagation (NNBP is introduced as a comparison model to examine the feasibility of forecasting performance. In the experimental results, LS-SVM showed superior forecasting accuracies and performances to the NNBP, which is of significant importance to better monitor the unit safety and potential faults diagnosis.

  19. IMPROVED LS-SVM USING ACO TO ESTIMATE FLASHOVER VOLTAGE OF POLLUTED INSULATORS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SID AHMED BESSEDIK

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The reliability of insulators under polluted environment is one of the guiding factors in the insulation coordination of high voltage transmission lines. In order to improve understanding of the flashover phenomenon in polluted insulators, several experimental studies and mathematical approaches have been made‎ in‎ last‎ year’s.‎ In‎ this‎ paper,‎ the‎ critical flashover voltage behavior of polluted insulators has been calculated and a hybrid model between machine Learning (ML and optimization technique has been proposed. For this purpose, firstly the ant colony optimization (ACO technique is utilized to optimize the hyper-parameters needed in least squares support vector machines (LS-SVM. Then, a LS-SVM-ACO model is designed to establish a nonlinear model between the characteristics of the insulator and the critical flashover voltage. The data used to train the model and test its performance is derived from experimental measurements and a mathematical model. The results obtained from the proposed model are in good accord with other mathematical and experimental results of previous researchers.

  20. Safety, Quality, Schedule: the motto of LS1

    CERN Multimedia

    2013-01-01

    The LHC’s first long shutdown, LS1, is a marathon that began on 16 February and will take us through to the beginning of 2015. Just as Olympic marathon runners have a motto, Citius, Altius, Fortius, so the athletes of LS1 work to the mantra of Safety, Quality, Schedule. Four months into LS1, they have settled into their rhythm, and things are going to plan.   The first task of LS1 was to bring the LHC up to room temperature - this was achieved in just 10 weeks. In parallel, preliminary tests for electrical quality assurance and leaks revealed essentially the level of wear and tear we’d expect after three years of running. One slightly anxious moment came when we looked at the RF fingers – the devices that ensure electrical contact in the beam pipes as they pass from one magnet to the next. Those of you with long memories will recall that before start-up, some of these got damaged at warm-up. The good news today is that with all eight sectors test...

  1. CONSISTENCY OF LS ESTIMATOR IN SIMPLE LINEAR EV REGRESSION MODELS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Jixue; Chen Xiru

    2005-01-01

    Consistency of LS estimate of simple linear EV model is studied. It is shown that under some common assumptions of the model, both weak and strong consistency of the estimate are equivalent but it is not so for quadratic-mean consistency.

  2. LS/2000--The Integrated Library System from OCLC.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olson, Susan

    1984-01-01

    Discusses design features of the Online Catalog of LS/2000, OCLC's enhanced version of Integrated Library System. This minicomputer-based system provides bibliographic file maintenance, circulation control, and online catalog searching. Examples of available displays--holdings, full MARC, work forms, keyword entry, index selection, brief citation,…

  3. A mid-term report for LS1

    CERN Multimedia

    2014-01-01

    As the LHC’s first long shutdown, LS1, enters its second calendar year, it’s a good time for a mid-term report on how things are progressing.    Towards the end of last year, I had the pleasure to go down to the LHC tunnel to witness the closure of the first of the machine’s sectors to be completed. As I write, three sectors are now closed up, with a fourth not far behind. These are important milestones, and you can follow progress in detail in the regular LS1 reports in the Bulletin. They show that we’re on schedule for physics to resume in about a year from now, but more than that, they are an important reminder of the LS1 motto: safety, quality, schedule. It is fantastic news that we are on schedule, and testimony to the rigour that went into the detailed and complex planning of all the work that had to be undertaken in LS1. But more important than the schedule is the fact that we’ve carried out the work safely and that the qualit...

  4. A Radio Pulsar Search of the Gamma-ray Binaries LS I +61 303 and LS 5039

    CERN Document Server

    McSwain, M Virginia; Ransom, Scott M; Roberts, Mallory S E; Dougherty, Sean M; Pooley, Guy G

    2011-01-01

    LS I +61 303 and LS 5039 are exceptionally rare examples of HMXBs with MeV-TeV emission, making them two of only five known or proposed "gamma-ray binaries". There has been disagreement within the literature over whether these systems are microquasars, with stellar winds accreting onto a compact object to produce high energy emission and relativistic jets, or whether their emission properties might be better explained by a relativistic pulsar wind colliding with the stellar wind. Here we present an attempt to detect radio pulsars in both systems with the Green Bank Telescope. The upper limits of flux density are between 4.1-14.5 uJy, and we discuss the null results of the search. Our spherically symmetric model of the wind of LS 5039 demonstrates that any pulsar emission will be strongly absorbed by the dense wind unless there is an evacuated region formed by a relativistic colliding wind shock. LS I +61 303 contains a rapidly rotating Be star whose wind is concentrated near the stellar equator. As long as th...

  5. Spin Crossover in Dinuclear N4S2 Iron(II) Thioether-Triazole Complexes: Access to [HS-HS], [HS-LS], and [LS-LS] States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hogue, Ross W; Feltham, Humphrey L C; Miller, Reece G; Brooker, Sally

    2016-05-01

    Access to a new family of thioether-linked PSRT ligands, 4-substituted-3,5-bis{[(2-pyridylmethyl)sulfanyl]methyl}-4H-1,2,4-triazoles (analogues of the previously studied amino-linked PMRT ligands), has been established. Four such ligands have been prepared, PSPhT, PS(i)BuT, PS(t-Bu)PhT, and PS(Me)PhT, with R = Ph, (i)Bu, (t-Bu)Ph, and (Me)Ph, respectively. Three dinuclear colorless to pale green iron(II) complexes, [Fe(II)2(PSRT)2](BF4)4·solvent, featuring N4S2 donor sets, were prepared. Single-crystal structure determinations on [Fe(II)2(PSPhT)2](BF4)4·2MeCN·H2O, [Fe(II)2(PSPhT)2](BF4)4·2(1)/2MeCN·(1)/2H2O·THF, [Fe(II)2(PS(Me)PhT)2](BF4)4·2MeCN, and [Fe(II)2(PS(i)BuT)2](BF4)4·4MeCN reveal that all four are stabilized in the [HS-HS] state to 100 K and that both possible binding modes of the bis-terdentate ligands, cis- and trans-axial, are observed. Variable-temperature magnetic susceptibility studies of air-dried crystals (solvatomorphs of the single crystal samples) reveal the first examples of spin crossover (SCO) for a dinuclear iron(II) complex with N4S2 coordination. Specifically, [Fe(II)2(PSPhT)2](BF4)4·2(1)/2H2O undergoes a multistep but complete SCO from [HS-HS] to [LS-LS], whereas [Fe(II)2(PS(Me)PhT)2](BF4)4·1(1)/2MeCN·2H2O exhibits a half-SCO from [HS-HS] to [HS-LS]. In contrast, [Fe(II)2(PS(i)BuT)2](BF4)4·MeCN·H2O remains [HS-HS] down to 50 K. The reflectance spectrum of pale green [Fe(II)2(PSPhT)2](BF4)4·(1)/2CHCl3·2(1)/2H2O (solvatomorph A) reveals a trace of LS character (572 nm band (1)A1g → (1)T1g). Evans' (1)H NMR method and UV-vis spectroscopy studies revealed that on cooling dark green acetonitrile solutions of these complexes from 313 to 233 K, all three undergo SCO centered at or near room temperature. The tendency of the complexes to go LS in solution reflects the electronic impact of R on the σ-donor strength of the PSRT ligand, whereas the opposite trend in stabilization of the LS state is seen in the solid state, where

  6. Relations Between Helicity Coupling Amplitude and L-S Coupling Amplitude

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WU Ning; RUAN Tu-Nan

    2001-01-01

    Relations between helicity coupling amplitude and L-S coupling amplitude are discussed. The equivalence condition for these two kinematic analysis methods and the limitations of the L-S coupling amplitude are also studied in this paper.``

  7. Measurable versions of the LS category on laminations

    CERN Document Server

    Meniño, Carlos

    2011-01-01

    We give two new versions of the LS category for the set-up of measurable laminations defined by Berm\\'udez. Both of these versions must be considered as "tangential categories". The first one, simply called (LS) category, is the direct analogue for measurable laminations of the tangential category of (topological) laminations introduced by Colman Vale and Mac\\'ias Virg\\'os. For the measurable lamination that underlies any lamination, our measurable tangential category is a lower bound of the tangential category. The second version, called the measured category, depends on the choice of a transverse invariant measure. We show that both of these "tangential categories" satisfy appropriate versions of some well known properties of the classical category: the homotopy invariance, a dimensional upper bound, a cohomological lower bound (cup length), and an upper bound given by the critical points of a smooth function.

  8. LS 5039 and HD 259440: A Multiwavelength Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aragona, Christina

    2012-07-01

    A handful of Galactic High Mass X-ray Binaries have been observed to emit radiation at very high energies (MeV-TeV), dubbed gamma-ray binaries. This poster will review the importance of multiwavelength observations for understanding two of these systems, HD 259440 and LS 5039. For HD 259440, detection of a nearby high-energy source instigated optical observations to search for evidence the system's binarity. For LS 5039, optically determined orbital and stellar parameters combined with constraints on the system inclination angle from X-ray, UV, and radio observations are bringing us closer to identifying the nature of the interaction region and the compact object. I am grateful for support from NSF grant AST-1109247 and Lehigh University.

  9. Effectiveness of the Biology PTechLS Module in a Felda Science Centre

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alias, Norlidah; DeWitt, Dorothy; Rahman, Mohd Nazri Abdul; Gelamdin, Rashidah Begum; Rauf, Rose Amnah Abd; Siraj, Saedah

    2014-01-01

    The PTechLS module combines learning styles with the use of technology to increase students' learning experience, especially in learning abstract concepts. The PTechLS module prototype was developed by Norlidah Alias (2010). The aim of this study is to evaluate the implementation effectiveness of the Biology PTechLS module in a Felda Learning…

  10. Revitalising Mathematics Classroom Teaching through Lesson Study (LS): A Malaysian Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lim, Chap Sam; Kor, Liew Kee; Chia, Hui Min

    2016-01-01

    This paper discusses how implementation of Lesson Study (LS) has brought about evolving changes in the quality of mathematics classroom teaching in one Chinese primary school. The Japanese model of LS was adapted as a teacher professional development to improve mathematics teachers' teaching practices. The LS group consisted of five mathematics…

  11. ls - Ponomarev - Systems and 1 - sequence - covering Images%ls-Ponomarev-systems与1-序列覆盖映像

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙秀华; 吕诚

    2012-01-01

    In order to characterize images of locally separable metric spaces, the concept of double point - star sn - covers was introduced in this paper. By using " ls - Ponomarev - system" which is a generalization of "Ponomarev - system". The new characterizations of 1 - sequence - covering compact images of locally separable metric spaces were given.%为了寻求局部可分度量空间的映像,引入双点星sn覆盖这一概念,并借用近年来由传统的Ponomarev-system推广而得的ls-Ponomarev-system,给出了局部可分度量空间1-序列覆盖映像的一个新刻画,并且这一新刻画较以往所得相关刻画更为简洁.

  12. People typically experience extended periods of relative happiness or unhappiness due to positive feedback loops between LS and variables which are both causes and consequences of LS

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Headey, Bruce; Muffels, R.J.A.

    2015-01-01

    Long term panel data enable researchers to construct trajectories of LS for individuals over time. Bar charts of trajectories, and subsequent statistical analysis, show that respondents typically spend multiple consecutive years above and below their own long-term mean level of LS. We attempt to exp

  13. LS1 Report: Handing in the ATLAS keys

    CERN Multimedia

    Antonella Del Rosso, Katarina Anthony

    2014-01-01

    After completing more than 250 work packages concerning the whole detector and experimental site, the ATLAS and CERN teams involved with LS1 operations are now wrapping things up before starting the commissioning phase in preparation for the LHC restart. The giant detector is now more efficient, safer and even greener than ever thanks to the huge amount of work carried out over the past two years.   Cleaning up the ATLAS cavern and detector in preparation for Run 2. Hundreds of people, more than 3000 certified interventions, huge and delicate parts of the detector completely refurbished: the ATLAS detector that will take data during Run 2 is a brand new machine, which will soon be back in the hands of the thousands of scientists who are preparing for the high-energy run of the LHC accelerator. “During LS1, we have upgraded the detector’s basic infrastructure and a few of its sub-detectors,” explains Beniamino Di Girolamo, ATLAS Technical Coordinator. &...

  14. Edge Detector Design Based on LS-SVR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhongdang Yu

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available For locating inaccurate problem of the discrete localization criterion proposed by Demigny, a new criterion expression of “good localization” is proposed. Firstly, a discrete expression of good detection and good localization criterion of two dimension edge detection operator is employed, and then an experiment to measure optimal parameters of two dimension Canny's edge detection operator is introduced after. Moreover, a detailed performance comparison and analysis of two dimension optimal filter obtained via utilizing tensor product for one dimension optimal filter are provided which can prove that least square support vector regression (LS-SVR is a smoothness filter and give the construct method of the derivate operator. This paper uses LS-SVR as the object function constructor and then realizes the approximation of two dimension optimal edge detection operator. This paper proposes the utility method of using singleness operator to realize multiscale edge detection by referencing the multiscale analysis technology of the wavelets theory. Experiment shows that the method has utility and efficiency.

  15. 3-Ls: A MODEL FOR TEACHING YOUNG LEARNERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chuzaimah Dahlan Diem

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available The fact that EFL literacy in Indonesia is still low led me to conduct this study to cultivate reading habits and increase literacy skills of young learners. Using the 3-Ls—libraries, literature, and literacy—as an instructional model, the study involved five methods: Informational Text Structures; Online Resources; Partnership with Librarians; Big6; and Literature Circles. The sample consisted of 200 fifth graders divided equally into five groups, each of which was also divided into experimental and control groups. Each of tThe experimental groups was taught for three months using one method. All the students in both groups were given English tests and a questionnaire before and after the experiment. The results showed that the experimental groups outperformed the control groups with a significant mean difference of 21.73 on literacy skills and 10.15 on reading habits. Using regression analysis, it was also found that 3-Ls as a whole had given a significant contribution to both students’ reading habits (R2 0,793 and literacy skills (R 0,943 with the highest percentage contributed by every method was reading skill. However, in spite of demonstrating significant effects on students’ literacy, these methods still did not bring the students’ literacy to an acceptable level. A factor that might contribute to the low achievement of their English literacy was that the 3-Ls model requires optimal facilities.

  16. LS1 Report: The cryogenic line goes through the scanner

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Bulletin

    2013-01-01

    In spite of the complexity of LS1, with many different activities taking place in parallel and sometimes overlapping, the dashboard shows that work is progressing on schedule. This week, teams have started X-raying the cryogenic line to examine its condition in minute detail.   The LS1 schedule is pretty unfathomable for those who don't work in the tunnels or installations, but if you look down all the columns and stop at the line indicating today’s date, you can see that all of the priority and critical items are bang on time, like a Swiss watch. More specifically: the SMACC project in the LHC is on schedule, with a new testing phase for the interconnections which have already been consolidated; preparations are under way for the cable replacement campaign at Point 1 of the SPS (about 20% of the cables will not be replaced as they are completely unused); and the demineralised water distribution line is back in service, as are the electrical substations for the 400 and 66 kV line...

  17. LS-SVR and AGO Based Time Series Prediction Method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Shou-peng; LIU Shan; CHAI Wang-xu; ZHANG Jia-qi; GUO Yang-ming

    2016-01-01

    Recently , fault or health condition prediction of complex systems becomes an interesting research topic.However, it is difficult to establish precise physical model for complex systems , and the time series properties are often necessary to be incorporated for the prediction in practice .Currently ,the LS -SVR is widely adopted for prediction of systems with time series data .In this paper , in order to improve the prediction accuracy, accumulated generating operation (AGO) is carried out to improve the data quality and regularity of raw time series data based on grey system theory;then, the inverse accumulated generating operation ( IAGO) is performed to obtain the prediction results .In addition , due to the reason that appropriate kernel function plays an important role in improving the accuracy of prediction through LS-SVR, a modified Gaussian radial basis function (RBF) is proposed.The requirements of distance functions-based kernel functions are satisfied , which ensure fast damping at the place adjacent to the test point and a moderate damping at infinity .The presented model is applied to the analysis of benchmarks .As indicated by the results , the proposed method is an effective prediction one with good precision .

  18. A Data Communication Optimization Algorithm for LS SIMD C Compiler%LS SIMD C编译器的数据通信优化算法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晖; 何华灿; 陈丹; 胡麒; 张宝稳

    2001-01-01

    LS SIMD is an embedded memory-shared massively parallel machine. In this paper,we present a deep study of data communication optimizations techniques of LS SIMD parallel compiler. First,some conceptions of data layout and data communication are given,and the data communication principle of LS SIMD is analyzed. Second,we propose an optimization algorithm of data communication,and discuss some aspects in detail ,such as the representation of register state space ,decision and generation of inner data communication and batch data communication in PE array.

  19. ATLAS TDAQ application gateway upgrade during LS1

    CERN Document Server

    KOROL, A; The ATLAS collaboration; BOGDANCHIKOV, A; BRASOLIN, F; CONTESCU, A C; DUBROV, S; HAFEEZ, M; LEE, C J; SCANNICCHIO, D A; TWOMEY, M; VORONKOV, A; ZAYTSEV, A

    2014-01-01

    The ATLAS Gateway service is implemented with a set of dedicated computer nodes to provide a fine-grained access control between CERN General Public Network (GPN) and ATLAS Technical Control Network (ATCN). ATCN connects the ATLAS online farm used for ATLAS Operations and data taking, including the ATLAS TDAQ (Trigger and Data Aquisition) and DCS (Detector Control System) nodes. In particular, it provides restricted access to the web services (proxy), general login sessions (via SSH and RDP protocols), NAT and mail relay from ATCN. At the Operating System level the implementation is based on virtualization technologies. Here we report on the Gateway upgrade during Long Shutdown 1 (LS1) period: it includes the transition to the last production release of the CERN Linux distribution (SLC6), the migration to the centralized configuration management system (based on Puppet) and the redesign of the internal system architecture.

  20. Sulphate Geoengineering in the UT/LS: Some Relevant Processes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tuck, A. F.; Donaldson, D. J.; Hitchman, M. H.; Richard, E. C.; Tervahattu, H.; Vaida, V.; Wilson, J. C.

    2008-12-01

    We consider the potential effects of meteorological dynamics, the physics and chemistry of aerosols and the photodissociation of sulphuric acid upon the posited maintenance of a 'parasol' of geoengineered sulphate aerosol in the lower stratosphere. Specific observational and experimental results include the spread of tungsten-185 from the Hardtack series of nuclear weapon tests in 1958, satellite observations of the spread of volcanic eruptions, tracer and water profiles in the tropical UT/LS, the organic coating of surfactants on aerosols, the observed distributions of aerosols and the overtone driven photodissociation of sulphuric acid in the stratosphere. A few implications for the logistics of any possible future geoengineering injection are considered briefly. The uncertainties arising from the analysis subtract significantly from the predictability of any supposed amelioration of the effects of global warming from continued increases in carbon dioxide from fossil fuel combustion.

  1. Analysis of genetic variability and relationships among Mentha L. using the limonene synthase gene, LS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Hai Tang; Yu, Xu; Liu, Yan; Liang, Cheng-Yuan; Li, Wei-Lin

    2013-07-25

    The genus Mentha comprises a group of aromatic plants with worldwide distribution. Because of frequent interspecific hybridization, the genetic relationships within the genus are not clearly understood. Limonene synthase, which catalyses the first committed step in the essential oil monoterpene biosynthetic pathway, is considered to be a possible rate limiting enzyme. With the homology-based cloning method, primers were designed according to cDNA sequence to amplify full-length DNA sequences in 13 Mentha samples from five species, using Perilla as an outgroup. Analyses of gene structure, length variation, GC-content, Ts/Tv ratio and evolutionary diversity were carried out. Consensus phylogenetic trees were obtained using maximum likelihood, neighbor-joining, and maximum parsimony, respectively, based on the full-length genomic DNA sequences, complete ORF coding sequences and predicted amino acid sequences. The results presented here based on the sequence of MhLS provide the first credibly supported genetic relationships for Mentha, which enables a basis for further mint taxonomy, cultivation and breeding.

  2. Prenatal Profile of Cornelia de Lange Syndrome (CdLS): A Review of 53 Pregnancies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clark, Dinah M.; Sherer, Ilana; Deardorff, Matthew A.; Byrne, Janice L.B.; Loomes, Kathleen M.; Nowaczyk, Malgorzata J.M.; Jackson, Laird G.; Krantz, Ian D.

    2012-01-01

    Cornelia de Lange Syndrome (CdLS) is a multisystem developmental disorder characterized by growth retardation, cognitive impairment, external and internal structural malformations, and characteristic facial features. Currently, there are no definitive prenatal screening measures that lead to the diagnosis of CdLS. In this study, documented prenatal findings in CdLS syndrome were analyzed towards the development of a prenatal profile predictive of CdLS. We reviewed 53 cases of CdLS (29 previously reported and 24 unreported) in which prenatal observations/findings were available. The review of these cases revealed a pattern of sonographic findings, including obvious associated structural defects, growth restriction, as well as a more subtle, but strikingly characteristic, facial profile, suggestive of a recognizable prenatal ultrasonographic profile for CdLS. In addition the maternal serum marker, PAPP-A, may be reduced and fetal nuchal translucency may be increased in some pregnancies when measured at an appropriate gestational age. In conclusion, CdLS can be prenatally diagnosed or readily ruled out in a family with a known mutation in a CdLS gene. The characteristic ultrasonographic profile may allow for prenatal diagnosis of CdLS in 1) subsequent pregnancies to a couple with a prior child with CdLS in whom a mutation has not been identified or 2) when there are unexplained pregnancy signs of fetal abnormality such as oligo- or polyhydramnios, a low maternal serum PAPP-A level and/or increased nuchal translucency, fetal growth retardation, or structural anomalies consistent with CdLS. PMID:22740382

  3. Facial Diagnosis of Mild and Variant CdLS: Insights From a Dysmorphologist Survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rohatgi, Sarika; Clark, Dinah; Kline, Antonie D.; Jackson, Laird G.; Pie, Juan; Siu, Victoria; Ramos, Feliciano J.; Krantz, Ian D.; Deardorff, Matthew A.

    2014-01-01

    Cornelia de Lange syndrome (CdLS) is a dominant disorder with classic severe forms and milder atypical variants. Central to making the diagnosis is identification of diagnostic facial features. With the recognition that patients with SMC1A and SMC3 mutations have milder, atypical features, we surveyed 65 dysmorphologists using facial photographs from 32 CdLS patients with the goals of (1) Illustrating examples of milder patients with SMC1A mutations and (2) Obtaining objective data to determine which facial features were useful and misleading in making a diagnosis of CdLS. Clinicians were surveyed whether the patient had CdLS or another diagnosis, the certainty of response and the clinical features used to support each response. Using only facial photographs, an average of 24 cases (75%) were accurately diagnosed per clinician. Correct diagnoses were made in 90% of classic CdLS and 87% of non-CdLS cases, however, only 54% of mild or variant CdLS were correctly diagnosed by respondents. We confirmed that CdLS is most accurately diagnosed in childhood and the diagnosis becomes increasingly difficult with age. This survey demonstrated that emphasis is placed on the eyebrows, nasal features, prominent upper lip and micrognathia. In addition, the presence of fuller, atypical eyebrows, a prominent nasal bridge and significant prognathism with age dissuaded survey takers from arriving at a diagnosis of CdLS in individuals with mild NIPBL and SMC1A mutations. This work underscores the difficulty in diagnosing patients with mild and variant CdLS and serves to objectively classify both useful and misleading features in the diagnosis of CdLS. PMID:20583156

  4. Extending JPEG-LS for low-complexity scalable video coding

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ukhanova, Anna; Sergeev, Anton; Forchhammer, Søren

    2011-01-01

    JPEG-LS, the well-known international standard for lossless and near-lossless image compression, was originally designed for non-scalable applications. In this paper we propose a scalable modification of JPEG-LS and compare it with the leading image and video coding standards JPEG2000 and H.264/SVC...

  5. Comparison Between Wind Power Prediction Models Based on Wavelet Decomposition with Least-Squares Support Vector Machine (LS-SVM and Artificial Neural Network (ANN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Grazia De Giorgi

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available A high penetration of wind energy into the electricity market requires a parallel development of efficient wind power forecasting models. Different hybrid forecasting methods were applied to wind power prediction, using historical data and numerical weather predictions (NWP. A comparative study was carried out for the prediction of the power production of a wind farm located in complex terrain. The performances of Least-Squares Support Vector Machine (LS-SVM with Wavelet Decomposition (WD were evaluated at different time horizons and compared to hybrid Artificial Neural Network (ANN-based methods. It is acknowledged that hybrid methods based on LS-SVM with WD mostly outperform other methods. A decomposition of the commonly known root mean square error was beneficial for a better understanding of the origin of the differences between prediction and measurement and to compare the accuracy of the different models. A sensitivity analysis was also carried out in order to underline the impact that each input had in the network training process for ANN. In the case of ANN with the WD technique, the sensitivity analysis was repeated on each component obtained by the decomposition.

  6. LS1 Report: antimatter research on the starting blocks

    CERN Multimedia

    Antonella Del Rosso

    2014-01-01

    The consolidation work at the Antiproton Decelerator (AD) has been very intensive and the operators now have a basically new machine to “drive”. Thanks to the accurate preparation work still ongoing, the machine will soon deliver its first beam of antiprotons to the experiments. The renewed efficiency of the whole complex will ensure the best performance of the whole of CERN’s antimatter research programme in the long term.   The test bench for the new Magnetic Horn stripline. On the left, high voltage cables are connected to the stripline, which then feeds a 6 kV 400 kA pulse to the Horn. The Horn itself (the cylindrical object on the right) can be seen mounted on its chariot. The consolidation programme at the AD planned during LS1 has involved some of the most vital parts of the decelerator such as the target area, the ring magnets, the stochastic cooling system, vacuum system, control system and various aspects of the instrumentation. In addit...

  7. New Representation of Bearings in LS-DYNA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carney, Kelly S.; Howard, Samuel A.; Miller, Brad A.; Benson, David J.

    2014-01-01

    Non-linear, dynamic, finite element analysis is used in various engineering disciplines to evaluate high-speed, dynamic impact and vibration events. Some of these applications require connecting rotating to stationary components. For example, bird impacts on rotating aircraft engine fan blades are a common analysis performed using this type of analysis tool. Traditionally, rotating machines utilize some type of bearing to allow rotation in one degree of freedom while offering constraints in the other degrees of freedom. Most times, bearings are modeled simply as linear springs with rotation. This is a simplification that is not necessarily accurate under the conditions of high-velocity, high-energy, dynamic events such as impact problems. For this reason, it is desirable to utilize a more realistic non-linear force-deflection characteristic of real bearings to model the interaction between rotating and non-rotating components during dynamic events. The present work describes a rolling element bearing model developed for use in non-linear, dynamic finite element analysis. This rolling element bearing model has been implemented in LS-DYNA as a new element, *ELEMENT_BEARING.

  8. LS1 Report: on the home straight in 2014

    CERN Multimedia

    Anaïs Schaeffer

    2013-01-01

    At 7.24 a.m. on 14 February 2013 the last beams for physics were absorbed into the LHC, marking the end of Run 1. The achievements since then over the first ten months of LS1 have been remarkable. The excellent progress of the maintenance work on CERN's accelerators, which is overwhelmingly on schedule – and even ahead of schedule in some cases! – was praised by the CERN Council last week.   That being said, there is still a long way to go before the LHC re-start, with many challenges and potential pitfalls to be overcome. An overview of what still lies ahead: For the injectors (Linac 2, PS booster, LEIR, PS and AD), 2014 will begin with the recommissioning of all the access systems (scheduled for mid-February). The first power tests (to check the magnets and the power converters) will follow hot on its heels, starting in early April in the case of the PS booster. The final power tests of the injectors will be carried out at the Antiproton Decelerator in June. Th...

  9. LS1 Report: PS Booster prepares for beam

    CERN Multimedia

    Katarina Anthony

    2014-01-01

    With Linac2 already up and running, the countdown to beam in the LHC has begun! The next in line is the PS Booster, which will close up shop to engineers early next week. The injector will be handed over to the Operations Group who are tasked with getting it ready for active duty.   Taken as we approach the end of LS1 activities, this image shows where protons will soon be injected from Linac2 into the four PS Booster rings. Over the coming two months, the Operations Group will be putting the Booster's new elements through their paces. "Because of the wide range of upgrades and repairs carried out in the Booster, we have a very full schedule of tests planned for the machine," says Bettina Mikulec, PS Booster Engineer in Charge. "We will begin with cold checks; these are a wide range of tests carried out without beam, including system tests with power on/off and with varying settings, as well as verification of the controls system and timings." Amon...

  10. LS1 Report: the electric atmosphere of the LHC

    CERN Multimedia

    Simon Baird

    2013-01-01

    In the LHC, testing of the main magnet (dipole and quadrupole) circuits has been completed. At the same time, the extensive tests of all the other circuits up to current levels corresponding to 7 TeV beam operation have been performed, and now the final ElQA (Electrical Quality Assurance) tests of the electrical circuits are proceeding.   In Sectors 4-5 and 5-6, where the ElQA checks have been finished, the process of removing and storing the helium has started (see the article Heatwave warning for the LHC, in this issue). This is the first step in warming up the whole machine to room temperature so that the main LS1 activities, SMACC (Super Conducting Magnet and Circuit Consolidation) and the R2E (Radiation Two Electronics) programmes, which are scheduled to start on 19 April and 22 March respectively, can get under way. As far as the LHC injectors are concerned, LINAC2 and the PS Booster are in shutdown mode, having completed their preparatory hardware test programmes, and shutdown work has alr...

  11. What factors affect life satisfaction (LS) among the oldest-old?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Enkvist, Asa; Ekström, Henrik; Elmståhl, Sölve

    2012-01-01

    Few studies have examined the association between LS in the oldest-old and not only health-related, but also psychological and socio-economical factors. The aim of this study was to examine LS in relation to functional capacity, locus of control (LoC) health status and other factors previously known to influence LS in the oldest-old. The study population consisted of 681 individuals aged 78-98 years, drawn from the longitudinal population study "Good Aging in Skåne" (GÅS), part of a national survey (SNAC) who fulfilled a questionnaire. In a regression model was shown that the number of symptoms, marital status, LoC, especially internal and powerful others, depressive mood and age significantly could predict life satisfaction three years later. Specific diagnoses like stroke, dementia and cardiac disease were not related to LS. Independence in physical functioning was related to unchanged LS, stratified for age and gender during a 3-year follow-up. The clinical implications of this study are that attention should be paid to recognizing and treating factors that affect LS and are reachable for medical intervention. Relieving symptoms and paying attention to personality factors that modify LS seem to be key-factors in the care of elderly.

  12. A role of RnlA in the RNase LS activity from Escherichia coli.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Otsuka, Yuichi; Koga, Mitsunori; Iwamoto, Akira; Yonesaki, Tetsuro

    2007-08-01

    Escherichia coli ribonuclease LS is a potential antagonist of bacteriophage T4. When the T4 dmd gene is defective, RNase LS cleaves T4 mRNAs and antagonizes T4 reproduction. Our previous work demonstrated that E. coli rnlA is essential for RNase LS activity. Here we show that His-tagged RnlA cleaves T4 soc RNA at one of the sites also cleaved by RNase LS in a cell extract. The cleavage activities of His-tagged RnlA and the RNase LS activity in a cell extract were inhibited by Dmd encoded by T4 phage. Fractionation of the RNase LS activity in a cell extract showed that it sedimented through a sucrose density gradient as a 1000-kDa complex that included RnlA. Pull-down experiments revealed more than 10 proteins associated with His-tagged RnlA. Among these, triose phosphate isomerase exhibited a remarkable affinity to RnlA. These results suggest that RnlA plays a central role in RNase LS activity and that its activity is regulated by multiple components.

  13. Merits of online electrochemistry liquid sample desorption electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (EC/LS DESI MS).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Looi, Wen Donq; Brown, Blake; Chamand, Laura; Brajter-Toth, Anna

    2016-03-01

    A new online electrochemistry/liquid sample desorption electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (EC/LS DESI MS) system with a simple electrochemical thin-layer flow-through cell was developed and tested using N,N-dimethyl-p-phenylenediamine (DMPA) as a model probe. Although oxidation of DMPA is observed as a result of ionization of LS in positive ion mode LS DESI, application of voltage to the online electrochemical (EC) cell in EC/LS DESI MS increases yields of oxidation products. An advantage of LS DESI MS is its sensitivity in aqueous electrolyte solutions, which improves efficiency of electrochemical reactions in EC/LS DESI MS. In highly conductive low pH aqueous buffer solutions, oxidation efficiency is close to 100%. EC/ESI MS typically requires mixed aqueous/organic solvents and low electrolyte concentrations for efficient ionization in MS, limiting efficiency of electrochemistry online with MS. Independently, the results verify higher electrochemical oxidation efficiency during positive mode ESI than during LS DESI.

  14. Time-series gas prediction model using LS-SVR within a Bayesian framework

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Qiao Meiying; Ma Xiaoping; Lan Jianyi; Wang Ying

    2011-01-01

    The traditional least squares support vector regression (LS-SVR) model, using cross validation to determine the regularization parameter and kernel parameter, is time-consuming. We propose a Bayesian evidence framework to infer the LS-SVR model parameters. Three levels Bayesian inferences are used to determine the model parameters, regularization hyper-parameters and tune the nuclear parameters by model comparison. On this basis, we established Bayesian LS-SVR time-series gas forecasting models and provide steps for the algorithm. The gas outburst data of a Hebi 10th mine working face is used to validate the model. The optimal embedding dimension and delay time of the time series were obtained by the smallest differential entropy method. Finally, within a MATLAB7.1 environment, we used actual coal gas data to compare the traditional LS-SVR and the Bayesian LS-SVR with LS-SVMlab1.5 Toolbox simulation. The results show that the Bayesian framework of an LS-SVR significantly improves the speed and accuracy of the forecast

  15. Biodegradation test of SPS-LS blends as polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Putri, Zufira, E-mail: zufira.putri@gmail.com, E-mail: arcana@chem.itb.ac.id; Arcana, I Made, E-mail: zufira.putri@gmail.com, E-mail: arcana@chem.itb.ac.id [Inorganic and Physical Chemistry Research Groups, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Bandung (Indonesia)

    2014-03-24

    Sulfonated polystyrene (SPS) can be applied as a proton exchange membrane fuel cell due to its fairly good chemical stability. In order to be applied as polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs), membrane polymer should have a good ionic conductivity, high proton conductivity, and high mechanical strength. Lignosulfonate (LS) is a complex biopolymer which has crosslinks and sulfonate groups. SPS-LS blends with addition of SiO{sub 2} are used to increase the proton conductivity and to improve the mechanical properties and thermal stability. However, the biodegradation test of SPS-LS blends is required to determine whether the application of these membranes to be applied as an environmentally friendly membrane. In this study, had been done the synthesis of SPS, biodegradability test of SPS-LS blends with variations of LS and SiO{sub 2} compositions. The biodegradation test was carried out in solid medium of Luria Bertani (LB) with an activated sludge used as a source of microorganism at incubation temperature of 37°C. Based on the results obtained indicated that SPS-LS-SiO{sub 2} blends are more decomposed by microorganism than SPS-LS blends. This result is supported by analysis of weight reduction percentage, functional groups with Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) Spectroscopy, and morphological surface with Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM)

  16. Biodegradation test of SPS-LS blends as polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    Putri, Zufira; Arcana, I. Made

    2014-03-01

    Sulfonated polystyrene (SPS) can be applied as a proton exchange membrane fuel cell due to its fairly good chemical stability. In order to be applied as polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs), membrane polymer should have a good ionic conductivity, high proton conductivity, and high mechanical strength. Lignosulfonate (LS) is a complex biopolymer which has crosslinks and sulfonate groups. SPS-LS blends with addition of SiO2 are used to increase the proton conductivity and to improve the mechanical properties and thermal stability. However, the biodegradation test of SPS-LS blends is required to determine whether the application of these membranes to be applied as an environmentally friendly membrane. In this study, had been done the synthesis of SPS, biodegradability test of SPS-LS blends with variations of LS and SiO2 compositions. The biodegradation test was carried out in solid medium of Luria Bertani (LB) with an activated sludge used as a source of microorganism at incubation temperature of 37°C. Based on the results obtained indicated that SPS-LS-SiO2 blends are more decomposed by microorganism than SPS-LS blends. This result is supported by analysis of weight reduction percentage, functional groups with Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) Spectroscopy, and morphological surface with Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM).

  17. Steady Modeling for an Ammonia Synthesis Reactor Based on a Novel CDEAS-LS-SVM Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhuoqian Liu

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A steady-state mathematical model is built in order to represent plant behavior under stationary operating conditions. A novel modeling using LS-SVR based on Cultural Differential Evolution with Ant Search is proposed. LS-SVM is adopted to establish the model of the net value of ammonia. The modeling method has fast convergence speed and good global adaptability for identification of the ammonia synthesis process. The LS-SVR model was established using the above-mentioned method. Simulation results verify the validity of the method.

  18. 米根霉RhizopusoryzaeLS-1对糠醛抑制物的耐受性%Tolerance of Rhizopus oryzae LS-1 on Furfural Inhibitor

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李志忠; 张曼芳; 任海伟; 王永刚; 张轶

    2015-01-01

    通过考察不同糠醛浓度对米根霉 (Rhizopus oryzae LS-1) 发酵产乳酸过程中糖酸转化率和糖利用率的影响, 探索了解Rhizopus oryzae LS-1对木质纤维水解副产物糠醛抑制物的耐受性, 寻找Rhizopus oryzae LS-1对糠醛抑制物的耐受浓度. 结果表明: Rhizopus oryzae LS-1对糠醛的耐受浓度为12.5g/L, 在0~12.5g/L可提高糖酸转化率和糖利用率. 当糠醛浓度大于12.5g/L时, 菌株生长完全受到抑制. 研究结果对乳酸生产用木质纤维素水解液的脱毒处理工艺具有指导作用.%Through studying effects of glucose acid conversion rate and glucose utilization rate on different furfural concen-tration, tolerance of Rhizopus oryzae LS-1 on furfural inhibitor in lignocelluloses hydrolysates were explored, and tolerance con-centration was searched. Results showed that tolerance threshold for Rhizopus oryzae LS-1was 12.5g/L, when furfural was indi-vidually added. Yield of lactic acid increased when furfural concentration was lower than 12.5g/L. quantitative view to the lactic acid production under the inhibition of lignocellulose degradation products were gave, and it has some guiding significances for overcome the difficulties of the lignocellulosic hydrolysates fermentation.

  19. Speech and regulation of behavior: the works of LS Vygosty and AR Luria

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Derouesné, Christian

    2011-01-01

    The role of speech in the regulation of behavior was described in child psychology by LS Vygotsky and AR Luria in the Soviet Union during the twenties, and extended to neuropsychology by Luria after the World War II...

  20. 76 FR 253 - Airworthiness Directives; ROLLADEN-SCHNEIDER Flugzeugbau GmbH Model LS6 Gliders

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-04

    ... rescinds AD 86-25-07. Applicability (c) This AD rescission applies to Model LS6 gliders, all serial numbers... Association (ATA) of America Code 27, Flight Controls. ] Issued in Kansas City, Missouri, on December 21, 2010...

  1. Diagnosis of Elevator Faults with LS-SVM Based on Optimization by K-CV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhou Wan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Several common elevator malfunctions were diagnosed with a least square support vector machine (LS-SVM. After acquiring vibration signals of various elevator functions, their energy characteristics and time domain indicators were extracted by theoretically analyzing the optimal wavelet packet, in order to construct a feature vector of malfunctions for identifying causes of the malfunctions as input of LS-SVM. Meanwhile, parameters about LS-SVM were optimized by K-fold cross validation (K-CV. After diagnosing deviated elevator guide rail, deviated shape of guide shoe, abnormal running of tractor, erroneous rope groove of traction sheave, deviated guide wheel, and tension of wire rope, the results suggested that the LS-SVM based on K-CV optimization was one of effective methods for diagnosing elevator malfunctions.

  2. IMPARARE L’ITALIANO L2/LS CON TESTI TEATRALI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erminia Ardissino

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Il saggio tratta dell'impiego di testi teatrali come fonti di esercizi per l'apprendimento dell'italiano L2/LS. Dopo alcune riflessioni teoriche, si presentano sei proposte di lavoro, con relative soluzioni, adatte a studenti del livello B2-C2 del quadro di riferimento. Si tratta di esercizi ricavati da drammi in un unico atto di Pirandello (La morsa e Lumìe di Sicilia, da Verga (un confronto fra Cavalleria rusticana nella forma drammatica e novellistica, e da Tommaso Landolfi (Ombre. Ogni proposta sfrutta una peculiarità del testo teatrale che si costituisce nell'incontro di dialoghi con didascalie. Anzitutto si tratta di comprendere come si costruiscono i personaggi, quindi di vedere la funzione delle didascalie in relazione al testo, infine di riflettere sulle diverse modalità in cui avvengono i dialoghi, includendo le forme di silenzio. Il testo teatrale appare così molto adatto ad esercizi di lingua, perché mette in gioco le capacità interpretative e immaginative degli studenti, li fa discutere e parlare sulla base delle loro intuizioni.   This paper investigates the use of play scripts as inspiration for Italian L2/FL exercises. After a brief discussion on theory, six project proposals and their solutions, suitable for B2-C2 level students, are presented.  These exercises are based on one-act plays by Pirandello (La Morsa and Lumìe di Sicilia, Verga (a comparison between Cavalleria Rusticana in drama and narrative forms and Tommaso Landolfi (Ombre.  Each project focuses on a specific aspect of the script  and is made up of dialogues with captions. After the way the characters are constructed is investigated, then the function of the captions in relation to the texts is considered, and finally students reflect on the different ways the dialogues are presented, including the pauses. Play scripts lend themselves to language exercises, because they encourage students to use their interpretation skills and imaginations to talk about

  3. 基于LS-SVM的电子电路故障预测措施

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许瑾

    2015-01-01

    对电力电子电路进行故障预测,选择基于LS-SVM的电子电路故障预测技术,可以降低故障预测误差,有效实现对于电子电路故障的预测。以下主要探究基于LS-SVM的电子电路故障预测措施。

  4. Nonlinear Time Series Prediction Using LS-SVM with Chaotic Mutation Evolutionary Programming for Parameter Optimization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Nonlinear time series prediction is studied by using an improved least squares support vector machine (LSSVM) regression based on chaotic mutation evolutionary programming (CMEP) approach for parameter optimization.We analyze how the prediction error varies with different parameters (σ, γ) in LS-SVM. In order to select appropriate parameters for the prediction model, we employ CMEP algorithm. Finally, Nasdaq stock data are predicted by using this LS-SVM regression based on CMEP, and satisfactory results are obtained.

  5. Comparison of central corneal thickness measured by Lenstar LS900, OrbscanⅡ and ultrasonic pachmetry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hong-Tao Zhang

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available AIM: To investigate the difference of central corneal thickness(CCTmeasured by Lenstar LS900, OrbscahⅡ system and ultrasonic pachmetry, and to evaluate the correlation and consistency of the results for providing a theoretical basis for clinical application.METHODS: The mean value of CCT in 70 eyes of 35 patients measured three times by Lenstar LS900, OrbscahⅡ system and ultrasonic pachmetry underwent statistical analysis. The difference of CCT was compared, and the correlation and consistency of three measurements were analyzed to provide theoretical basis for clinical application. CCT values measured by different methods were analyzed with randomized block variance analysis. LSD-t test was used for pairwise comparison between groups. The correlation of three measurement methods were analyzed by linear correlation analysis, and Bland-Altman was used to analyze the consistency.RESULTS: The mean CCT values measured by Lenstar LS900, OrbscanⅡ and ultrasonic pachmetry were 542.75±40.06, 528.74±39.59, 538.54±40.93μm, respectively. The mean difference of CCT measurement was 4.21±8.78μm between Lenstar LS900 and ultrasonic pachmetry, 14.01±13.39μm between Lenstar LS900 and Orbscan Ⅱ, 9.8±10.57μm between ultrasonic pachmetry and Orbscan Ⅱ. The difference was statistically significant(PP>0.05: There was positive correlation between CCT with Lenstar LS900 and ultrasonic pachmetry(r=0.977, 0.944; PCONCLUSION: There are excellent correlation among Lenstar LS900, Orbscan Ⅱ and ultrasonic pachmetry. Lenstar LS900 can be used as CCT non-contact measurement tool.

  6. Dynamic contact analysis of cam mechanism based on ANSYS/LS-DYNA%基于ANSYS/LS-DYNA凸轮机构的动态接触分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董龙治; 王保民

    2013-01-01

    Accurate modeling of cam mechanism is built using PRO/E ,and it is introduced into ANSYS/LS-DYNA using the seamless connection between PRO/E and ANSYS . The stress , strain distribution of cam mechanism at every moment and the trajectory of push-rod can obtained using finite element dynamic analysis software ANSYS/LS-DYNA ,to verify whether the cam mechanism could meet the design requirements .%利用PRO/E对凸轮机构进行精确建模,采用PRO/E和ANSYS的无缝连接,将模型导入ANSYS/LS-DYNA中。利用有限元动力分析软件ANSYS/LS-DYNA 得到凸轮机构在每一时刻的应力、应变等分布情况和推杆的位移变化规律,从而验证凸轮机构是否满足设计要求。

  7. Long-Term Monitoring of the High-Energy Gamma-Ray Emission from LS I +61 deg 303 and LS 5039

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hadasch, D.; Torres, D. F.; Tanaka, T.; Corbet, R. H. D.; Hill, A. B.; Dubois, R.; Dubus, G.; Glanzman, T.; Corbel, S.; Li, J.; Chen, Y. P.; Zhang, S.; Caliandro, G. A.; Kerr, M.; Richards, J. L.; Max-Moerbeck, W.; Readhead, A.; Pooley, G.

    2012-01-01

    The Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT) reported the first definitive gigaelectron volts detections of the binaries LS I +61 deg 303 and LS 5039 in the first year after its launch in 2008 June. These detections were unambiguous as a consequence of the reduced positional uncertainty and the detection of modulated gamma-ray emission on the corresponding orbital periods. An analysis of new data from the LAT, comprising 30 months of observations, identifies a change in the gamma-ray behavior of LS I +61 deg 303. An increase in flux is detected in 2009 March and a steady decline in the orbital flux modulation is observed. Significant emission up to 30 gigaelectron volts is detected by the LAT; prior data sets led to upper limits only. Contemporaneous terraelectron volt observations no longer detected the source, or found it-in one orbit-close to periastron, far from the phases at which the source previously appeared at terraelectron volt energies. The detailed numerical simulations and models that exist within the literature do not predict or explain many of these features now observed at gigaelectron volt and terraelectron volt energies. New ideas and models are needed to fully explain and understand this behavior. A detailed phase-resolved analysis of the spectral characterization of LS I +61 deg 303 in the gigaelectron volt regime ascribes a power law with an exponential cutoff spectrum along each analyzed portion of the system's orbit. The on-source exposure of LS 5039 is also substantially increased with respect to our prior publication. In this case, whereas the general gamma-ray properties remain consistent, the increased statistics of the current data set allows for a deeper investigation of its orbital and spectral evolution.

  8. LS14: a novel human adipocyte cell line that produces prolactin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hugo, Eric R; Brandebourg, Terry D; Comstock, Clay E S; Gersin, Keith S; Sussman, Jeffrey J; Ben-Jonathan, Nira

    2006-01-01

    Adipose tissue is an integral component within the endocrine system. Adipocytes produce numerous bioactive substances, and their dysregulation has serious pathophysiological consequences. We previously reported that human adipose tissue from several depots produces significant amounts of prolactin (PRL). To study locally produced PRL, we sought an acceptable in vitro model. Consequently, we developed an adipocyte cell line derived from a metastatic liposarcoma. The cell line, designated LS14, has been in continuous culture for 2 yr. These cells exhibit many properties of primary preadipocytes, including the ability to undergo terminal differentiation, as judged by morphological alterations, lipid accumulation, and increase in glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase. LS14 cells express many adipose-associated genes, such as adipocyte fatty acid-binding protein (aP(2)), hormone-sensitive lipase, lipoprotein lipase, preadipocyte factor 1, adiponectin, leptin, and IL-6. Similar to primary adipocytes, LS14 cells also produce and respond to PRL, thus making them an attractive model to study adipose PRL production and function. The expression of PRL was confirmed at the transcriptional level by RT-PCR, and PRL secretion was determined by the Nb2 bioassay. Addition of exogenous PRL to LS14 cells resulted in a dose-dependent inhibition of IL-6 release. In summary, we have established a novel human adipocyte cell line with many characteristics of primary adipocytes. The LS14 cells open up new avenues for research on human adipocyte biology and add to the repertoire of nonpituitary, PRL-producing cell lines.

  9. [Measurement of soil organic matter and available K based on SPA-LS-SVM].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Hai-Liang; Liu, Xue-Mei; He, Yong

    2014-05-01

    Visible and short wave infrared spectroscopy (Vis/SW-NIRS) was investigated in the present study for measurement of soil organic matter (OM) and available potassium (K). Four types of pretreatments including smoothing, SNV, MSC and SG smoothing+first derivative were adopted to eliminate the system noises and external disturbances. Then partial least squares regression (PLSR) and least squares-support vector machine (LS-SVM) models were implemented for calibration models. The LS-SVM model was built by using characteristic wavelength based on successive projections algorithm (SPA). Simultaneously, the performance of LSSVM models was compared with PLSR models. The results indicated that LS-SVM models using characteristic wavelength as inputs based on SPA outperformed PLSR models. The optimal SPA-LS-SVM models were achieved, and the correlation coefficient (r), and RMSEP were 0. 860 2 and 2. 98 for OM and 0. 730 5 and 15. 78 for K, respectively. The results indicated that visible and short wave near infrared spectroscopy (Vis/SW-NIRS) (325 approximately 1 075 nm) combined with LS-SVM based on SPA could be utilized as a precision method for the determination of soil properties.

  10. IscR regulates RNase LS activity by repressing rnlA transcription.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Otsuka, Yuichi; Miki, Kumiko; Koga, Mitsunori; Katayama, Natsu; Morimoto, Wakako; Takahashi, Yasuhiro; Yonesaki, Tetsuro

    2010-07-01

    The Escherichia coli endoribonuclease LS was originally identified as a potential antagonist of bacteriophage T4. When the T4 dmd gene is defective, RNase LS cleaves T4 mRNAs and antagonizes T4 reproduction. This RNase also plays an important role in RNA metabolisms in E. coli. rnlA is an essential gene for RNase LS activity, but the transcriptional regulation of this gene remains to be elucidated. An Fe-S cluster protein, IscR, acts as a transcription factor and controls the expression of genes that are necessary for Fe-S cluster biogenesis. Here, we report that overexpression of IscR suppressed RNase LS activity, causing the loss of antagonist activity against phage T4. This suppressive effect did not require the ligation of Fe-S cluster into IscR. beta-Galactosidase reporter assays showed that transcription from an rnlA promoter increased in iscR-deleted cells compared to wild-type cells, and gel-mobility shift assays revealed specific binding of IscR to the rnlA promoter region. RT-PCR analysis demonstrated that endogenous rnlA mRNA was reduced by overexpression of IscR and increased by deletion of iscR. From these results, we conclude that IscR negatively regulates transcription of rnlA and represses RNase LS activity.

  11. A new expert system for diagnosis of lung cancer: GDA-LS_SVM.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Avci, Engin

    2012-06-01

    In nowadays, there are many various diseases, whose diagnosis is very hardly. Lung cancer is one of this type diseases. It begins in the lungs and spreads to other organs of human body. In this paper, an expert diagnostic system based on General Discriminant Analysis (GDA) and Least Square Support Vector Machine (LS-SVM) Classifier for diagnosis of lung cancer. This expert diagnosis system is called as GDA-LS-SVM in rest of this paper. The GDA-LS-SVM expert diagnosis system has two stages. These are 1. Feature extraction and feature reduction stage and 2. Classification stage. In feature extraction and feature reduction stage, lung cancer dataset is obtained and dimension of this lung cancer dataset, which has 57 features, is reduced to eight features using Generalized Discriminant Analysis (GDA) method. Then, in classification stage, these reduced features are given to Least Squares Support Vector Machine (LS-SVM) classifier. The lung cancer dataset used in this study was taken from the UCI machine learning database. The classification accuracy of this GDA-LS-SVM expert system was obtained about 96.875% from results of these experimental studies.

  12. Experimental and Analytical Studies on Improved Feedforward ML Estimation Based on LS-SVR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xueqian Liu

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Maximum likelihood (ML algorithm is the most common and effective parameter estimation method. However, when dealing with small sample and low signal-to-noise ratio (SNR, threshold effects are resulted and estimation performance degrades greatly. It is proved that support vector machine (SVM is suitable for small sample. Consequently, we employ the linear relationship between least squares support vector regression (LS-SVR’s inputs and outputs and regard LS-SVR process as a time-varying linear filter to increase input SNR of received signals and decrease the threshold value of mean square error (MSE curve. Furthermore, it is verified that by taking single-tone sinusoidal frequency estimation, for example, and integrating data analysis and experimental validation, if LS-SVR’s parameters are set appropriately, not only can the LS-SVR process ensure the single-tone sinusoid and additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN channel characteristics of original signals well, but it can also improves the frequency estimation performance. During experimental simulations, LS-SVR process is applied to two common and representative single-tone sinusoidal ML frequency estimation algorithms, the DFT-based frequency-domain periodogram (FDP and phase-based Kay ones. And the threshold values of their MSE curves are decreased by 0.3 dB and 1.2 dB, respectively, which obviously exhibit the advantage of the proposed algorithm.

  13. The Dynamics Simulation of the Deep Groove Ball Bearing Based on LS-DYNA%基于LS-DYNA深沟球轴承的动力学仿真

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    康晓晨; 乔长帅; 吴楠

    2013-01-01

    基于ANSYS/LS-DYNA建立了深沟球轴承的有限元模型,有效处理了考虑摩擦条件的接触问题,实现了深沟球轴承显式动力学的运动过程仿真。并以6203深沟球轴承为例,进行了动力学仿真与分析。%The finite element model of deep groove ball bearing was established based on ANSYS/LS-DYNA, effectively deal with the contact problem with friction condition,the explicit dynamic simulation of deep groove ball bearing was realized. Taking the 6203 deep groove ball bearing as an example,the dynamics simulation and analysis is carried out.

  14. Genetic heterogeneity in Cornelia de Lange syndrome (CdLS) and CdLS-like phenotypes with observed and predicted levels of mosaicism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ansari, Morad; Poke, Gemma; Ferry, Quentin; Williamson, Kathleen; Aldridge, Roland; Meynert, Alison M; Bengani, Hemant; Chan, Cheng Yee; Kayserili, Hülya; Avci, Şahin; Hennekam, Raoul C M; Lampe, Anne K; Redeker, Egbert; Homfray, Tessa; Ross, Alison; Falkenberg Smeland, Marie; Mansour, Sahar; Parker, Michael J; Cook, Jacqueline A; Splitt, Miranda; Fisher, Richard B; Fryer, Alan; Magee, Alex C; Wilkie, Andrew; Barnicoat, Angela; Brady, Angela F; Cooper, Nicola S; Mercer, Catherine; Deshpande, Charu; Bennett, Christopher P; Pilz, Daniela T; Ruddy, Deborah; Cilliers, Deirdre; Johnson, Diana S; Josifova, Dragana; Rosser, Elisabeth; Thompson, Elizabeth M; Wakeling, Emma; Kinning, Esther; Stewart, Fiona; Flinter, Frances; Girisha, Katta M; Cox, Helen; Firth, Helen V; Kingston, Helen; Wee, Jamie S; Hurst, Jane A; Clayton-Smith, Jill; Tolmie, John; Vogt, Julie; Tatton–Brown, Katrina; Chandler, Kate; Prescott, Katrina; Wilson, Louise; Behnam, Mahdiyeh; McEntagart, Meriel; Davidson, Rosemarie; Lynch, Sally-Ann; Sisodiya, Sanjay; Mehta, Sarju G; McKee, Shane A; Mohammed, Shehla; Holden, Simon; Park, Soo-Mi; Holder, Susan E; Harrison, Victoria; McConnell, Vivienne; Lam, Wayne K; Green, Andrew J; Donnai, Dian; Bitner-Glindzicz, Maria; Donnelly, Deirdre E; Nellåker, Christoffer; Taylor, Martin S; FitzPatrick, David R

    2014-01-01

    Background Cornelia de Lange syndrome (CdLS) is a multisystem disorder with distinctive facial appearance, intellectual disability and growth failure as prominent features. Most individuals with typical CdLS have de novo heterozygous loss-of-function mutations in NIPBL with mosaic individuals representing a significant proportion. Mutations in other cohesin components, SMC1A, SMC3, HDAC8 and RAD21 cause less typical CdLS. Methods We screened 163 affected individuals for coding region mutations in the known genes, 90 for genomic rearrangements, 19 for deep intronic variants in NIPBL and 5 had whole-exome sequencing. Results Pathogenic mutations [including mosaic changes] were identified in: NIPBL 46 [3] (28.2%); SMC1A 5 [1] (3.1%); SMC3 5 [1] (3.1%); HDAC8 6 [0] (3.6%) and RAD21 1 [0] (0.6%). One individual had a de novo 1.3 Mb deletion of 1p36.3. Another had a 520 kb duplication of 12q13.13 encompassing ESPL1, encoding separase, an enzyme that cleaves the cohesin ring. Three de novo mutations were identified in ANKRD11 demonstrating a phenotypic overlap with KBG syndrome. To estimate the number of undetected mosaic cases we used recursive partitioning to identify discriminating features in the NIPBL-positive subgroup. Filtering of the mutation-negative group on these features classified at least 18% as ‘NIPBL-like’. A computer composition of the average face of this NIPBL-like subgroup was also more typical in appearance than that of all others in the mutation-negative group supporting the existence of undetected mosaic cases. Conclusions Future diagnostic testing in ‘mutation-negative’ CdLS thus merits deeper sequencing of multiple DNA samples derived from different tissues. PMID:25125236

  15. Engraving Simulation Based on ANSYS/LS-DYNA%基于ANSYS/LS-DYNA的弹带挤进过程仿真

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马帅; 张相炎; 游修东

    2014-01-01

    The finite element model of one large-caliber artil ery’ s engraving process is established based on the ANSYS/LS-DY-NA software, and the engraving resistance with engraving displacement changes is particularly studied in the engraving process. By exporting some graphics at critical, the whole belt deformation pattern of the engraving process is revealed and by the curves of some analytic model elements, the personal view on the erosion of rifling is put forward. Based on D'Alembert principle, the curves of accelerate and velocity and matlab are used to get the engraving resistance curve. By comparison with theoretical curve, the correctness of the calculation result is verified and ANSYS / LS-DYNA is showed to be a good tool for the study of engraving process.%基于ANSYS/LS-DYNA瞬态动力学分析软件,建立了某火炮挤进过程的有限元模型,重点研究挤进过程中挤进阻力随挤进行程的变化。通过输出关键时刻的图形,展示了整个挤进过程中弹带的变形规律,然后通过分析模型中某些单元的应力曲线,对膛线起始部的磨损提出了看法。利用仿真获得的加速度曲线和速度曲线,基于达朗贝尔原理,利用matlab对数据进行处理,得到了挤进阻力曲线,并与理论所得阻力曲线进行了对比,表明ANSYS/LS-DYNA是研究挤进过程的一个很好的工具。

  16. Photofragmentation of CF{sub 3}Cl following photoabsorption in the Cl-ls threshold region

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lindle, D.W.; Manner, W.L.; Steinbeck, L. [and others

    1993-05-01

    Measurements of photofragmentation of CF{sub 3}Cl near the Cl-ls threshold (hv=2.8 keV) are reported. Because of the dominant decay mode of a Cl-ls hole state, Auger-electron emission, usually occurs sequentially in a vacancy cascade, high degrees of ionization of the parent molecule are induced. As a result, the observed photofragment-ion spectra of CF{sub 3}Cl contain primarily singly and multiply charged atomic fragments. Based on modelling of the spectral peak shapes, these fragments have a wide range of kinetic energies due to the dissociation process. Changes in peak shapes are observed following resonant excitation, as oppossed to ionization, of the Cl-ls electron, and may be due to either sequential fragmentation of CF{sub 3}Cl{sup n+} or to angular-distribution effects due to alignment of the initially excited resonant state.

  17. Water Quantity Prediction Using Least Squares Support Vector Machines (LS-SVM Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nian Zhang

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The impact of reliable estimation of stream flows at highly urbanized areas and the associated receiving waters is very important for water resources analysis and design. We used the least squares support vector machine (LS-SVM based algorithm to forecast the future streamflow discharge. A Gaussian Radial Basis Function (RBF kernel framework was built on the data set to optimize the tuning parameters and to obtain the moderated output. The training process of LS-SVM was designed to select both kernel parameters and regularization constants. The USGS real-time water data were used as time series input. 50% of the data were used for training, and 50% were used for testing. The experimental results showed that the LS-SVM algorithm is a reliable and efficient method for streamflow prediction, which has an important impact to the water resource management field.

  18. Weighted LS-SVM for function estimation applied to artifact removal in bio-signal processing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caicedo, Alexander; Van Huffel, Sabine

    2010-01-01

    Weighted LS-SVM is normally used for function estimation from highly corrupted data in order to decrease the impact of outliers. However, this method is limited in size and big time series should be segmented in smaller groups. Therefore, border discontinuities represent a problem in the final estimated function. Several methods such as committee networks or multilayer networks of LS-SVMs are used to address this problem, but these methods require extra training and hence the computational cost is increased. In this paper a technique that includes an extra weight vector in the formulation of the cost function for the LS-SVM problem is proposed as an alternative solution. The method is then applied to the removal of some artifacts in biomedical signals.

  19. Preventive use of Lactobacillus plantarum LS/07 and inulin to relieve symptoms of acute colitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hijová, Emília; Šoltésová, Alena; Salaj, Rastislav; Kuzma, Jozef; Strojný, Ladislav; Bomba, Alojz; Gregová, Kristína

    2015-01-01

    The aim of presented study was to investigate the influence of Lactobacillus plantarum LS/07 and inulin on the activity of β-glucuronidase enzyme, and counts of coliform and lactobacilli in fresh caecal digesta, cytokine levels (IL-6, IL-8), and trancription nuclear factor kappa beta (NFκB) activities in colon tissue and blood samples of rats with dextran sulphate sodium (DSS) induced acute colitis. The rats were randomly divided into four groups - CG, AC, AC+PRE and AC+PRO. Colitis was induced using of 5% DSS in drinking water for 7d. DSS application increased activity of β-glucuronidase (P LS/07 decreased β-glucuronidase activity (P LS/07 and inulin suppressed expression observed markers, which play an important role in the inflammatory process, which predisposes their use in prevention or treatment of acute colitis.

  20. [Classification technique for hyperspectral image based on subspace of bands feature extraction and LS-SVM].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Heng-zhen; Wan, Jian-wei; Zhu, Zhen-zhen; Wang, Li-bao; Nian, Yong-jian

    2011-05-01

    The present paper proposes a novel hyperspectral image classification algorithm based on LS-SVM (least squares support vector machine). The LS-SVM uses the features extracted from subspace of bands (SOB). The maximum noise fraction (MNF) method is adopted as the feature extraction method. The spectral correlations of the hyperspectral image are used in order to divide the feature space into several SOBs. Then the MNF is used to extract characteristic features of the SOBs. The extracted features are combined into the feature vector for classification. So the strong bands correlation is avoided and the spectral redundancies are reduced. The LS-SVM classifier is adopted, which replaces inequality constraints in SVM by equality constraints. So the computation consumption is reduced and the learning performance is improved. The proposed method optimizes spectral information by feature extraction and reduces the spectral noise. The classifier performance is improved. Experimental results show the superiorities of the proposed algorithm.

  1. Structural and electrical properties of microwave processed Ag modified KNN-LS ceramics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palei, Prakash; Kumar, Pawan; Agrawal, Dinesh K

    2012-01-01

    Microwave processing steps of 0.95[(K0.5Na0.5)0.94Ag0.06NbO3]-0.05[LiSbO3]/(KNAN-LS) lead free ferroelectric ceramics were optimized for better densification and electrical properties. Calcination temperature and time for single perovskite phase formation were optimized and found to be 850 degrees C for 60 min., respectively. Crystal structural study revealed the presence of mixed structure in the microwave processed (MWP) KNAN-LS ceramics. The sintering of the KNAN-LS ceramics was carried out at 1080 degrees C for 10 min, 20 min and 30 min, respectively, and the sample sintered for 20 min exhibited best properties.

  2. 试用柯达LS 633数码相机

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阿俊

    2003-01-01

    今年2月底,在美国拉斯维加斯的PMA(PHOTO MARKETlNG ASSOCIATI0N)展会上,柯达公司又推出一款民用级数码相机——LS 633。此前柯达曾经推出了两款LS系列数码相机,它们是:LS 420和LS 443。柯达的LS系列数码相机面向喜欢尝试新鲜事物的时尚人士,所以前面两款相机推出时,引起了许多年轻人的极大关注。

  3. 可编程数字延迟定时器LS7213

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢玲军

    2003-01-01

    @@ LS721 3是一种可编程数字延迟定时器CMOS单片IC,该芯片在3~5.5V的.电压下工作,静态电流不超过150 μ A.LS721 3输出(OUT1)源电流I oH≥3mA,输出陷电流lOL≥15mA,可以驱动继电器等开关元件.LS7213有8个定时范围,定时时间从0.1s到10小时.

  4. Final report of supplementary comparison AFRIMETS.AUV.A-S1: primary pressure calibration of LS2aP microphones according to IEC 61094-2, over the frequency range 1 Hz to 31.5 kHz.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nel, R.; Barrera-Figueroa, S.; Dobrowolska, D.; Defilippo Soares, Z. M.; Maina, A. K.; Hof, C.

    2016-01-01

    This is the final report of the AFRIMETS.AUV-S1 comparison of the pressure sensitivity, modulus and phase, of LS2aP microphones in the frequency range 1 Hz to 31.5 kHz in accordance with IEC 61094-2. Six national metrology institutes from three different regional metrology organisations participated in the comparison for which two LS2aP microphones were circulated simultaneously to all the participants in a hybrid-star configuration. The comparison reference values were calculated as the weighted mean for modulus and phase for each individual microphone. Main text To reach the main text of this paper, click on Final Report. Note that this text is that which appears in Appendix B of the BIPM key comparison database kcdb.bipm.org/. The final report has been peer-reviewed and approved for publication by the CCAUV, according to the provisions of the CIPM Mutual Recognition Arrangement (CIPM MRA).

  5. Spread of CTX-M-type ESßLs in isolates of E. coli from long-term care and rehabilitation facilities in Northern Italy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elisabetta Nucleo

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available During the period March 2003 – May 2004 at the Laboratory of Clinical Microbiology “Redaelli” LTCRF in Milan, Italy, a total of 529 E. coli, obtained from inpatients of 3 different Long Term Care Rehabilitation Facilities (LTCRFs in Northern Italy, were processed and 77 ESßLs producers (14.5% were identified by Vitek System. The results were confirmed by double-disk synergy test with tazobactam (TZP. 61/77 isolates were characterized by higher levels of resistance to cefotaxime (CTX than to ceftazidime (CAZ. (ß-lactamase production was investigated by analytical isoelectric focusing (IEF coupled with a bioassay and showed multiple (ß-lactamase bands including one enzyme with pI 8.4 that, in a bioassay, was more active on CTX,ATM than on CAZ. The presence of (ß-lactamase genes was investigated by colony blot hybridization and by PCR amplification of blaTEM, blaSHV and blaCTX-M alleles. 43/61 isolates produced both TEM-1 and CTX-M-type enzymes, 14/61 expressed only CTX-M-type while in 4 cases were found blaCTX-M, blaTEM and blaSHV genes.The remainders (16/77, characterized by high levels of resistance to both CTX and CAZ, produced TEM-1 and SHV-5 enzymes (1/16 and TEM type ESßLs (15/16. Conjugation experiments, performed in liquid medium, confermed that the ESßLs determinants were transferable. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis profiles of genomic DNA, digested with NotI, were analysed and revealed clonal heterogeneity. Our work confirms the emergence of CTX-M-type enzymes and their spread in Northern Italy also in longterm care and rehabilitation facilities that may be an important reservoir of ES?L producing E. coli.

  6. Molecular cloning and characterization of high mobility group box1 (Ls-HMGB1) from humphead snapper, Lutjanus sanguineus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cai, Jia; Xia, Hongli; Huang, Yucong; Lu, Yishan; Wu, Zaohe; Jian, Jichang

    2014-10-01

    High mobility group box1 (HMGB1) is a kind of chromatin-associated nonhistone protein important for nucleosome formation, transcriptional regulation and inflammation. However, the reports about HMGB1 of marine fish were still limited. Here, we cloned and characterized a HMGB1 gene from humphead snapper, Lutjanus sanguineus (Ls-HMGB1). The Ls-HMGB1 cDNA composed of 1199 bp with a 70 bp of 5'-UTR, 630 bp open reading frame (ORF) and 499 bp 3'-UTR, encoded a polypeptide of 210 amino acids (GenBank Accession No: KJ783442). Sequence alignment of Ls-HMGB1 showed the highest similarity of 91% with Sciaenops ocellatus HMGB1 protein. Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) analysis revealed that Ls-HMGB1 had relatively high expression level in skin, kidney and heart. After Vibrio harveyi and poly I:C stimulation, transcripts of Ls-HMGB1 were significantly increased and reached to peak at 18 h p.i. The L. sanguineus interleukin-6 (Ls-IL6) transcription in HK leukocytes was significantly induced by recombinant LsHMGB1 (rLsHMGB1). These results indicated that Ls-HMGB1 may play an important role in immune response of L. sanguineus during pathogen challenge.

  7. LS-SVM: uma nova ferramenta quimiométrica para regressão multivariada. Comparação de modelos de regressão LS-SVM e PLS na quantificação de adulterantes em leite em pó empregando NIR LS-SVM: a new chemometric tool for multivariate regression. Comparison of LS-SVM and pls regression for determination of common adulterants in powdered milk by nir spectroscopy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco F. Ferrão

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Least-squares support vector machines (LS-SVM were used as an alternative multivariate calibration method for the simultaneous quantification of some common adulterants found in powdered milk samples, using near-infrared spectroscopy. Excellent models were built using LS-SVM for determining R², RMSECV and RMSEP values. LS-SVMs show superior performance for quantifying starch, whey and sucrose in powdered milk samples in relation to PLSR. This study shows that it is possible to determine precisely the amount of one and two common adulterants simultaneously in powdered milk samples using LS-SVM and NIR spectra.

  8. Asymptotic Normality of LS Estimate in Simple Linear EV Regression Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jixue LIU

    2006-01-01

    Though EV model is theoretically more appropriate for applications in which measurement errors exist, people are still more inclined to use the ordinary regression models and the traditional LS method owing to the difficulties of statistical inference and computation. So it is meaningful to study the performance of LS estimate in EV model.In this article we obtain general conditions guaranteeing the asymptotic normality of the estimates of regression coefficients in the linear EV model. It is noticeable that the result is in some way different from the corresponding result in the ordinary regression model.

  9. Regional-scale calculation of the LS factor using parallel processing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Kai; Tang, Guoan; Jiang, Ling; Zhu, A.-Xing; Yang, Jianyi; Song, Xiaodong

    2015-05-01

    With the increase of data resolution and the increasing application of USLE over large areas, the existing serial implementation of algorithms for computing the LS factor is becoming a bottleneck. In this paper, a parallel processing model based on message passing interface (MPI) is presented for the calculation of the LS factor, so that massive datasets at a regional scale can be processed efficiently. The parallel model contains algorithms for calculating flow direction, flow accumulation, drainage network, slope, slope length and the LS factor. According to the existence of data dependence, the algorithms are divided into local algorithms and global algorithms. Parallel strategy are designed according to the algorithm characters including the decomposition method for maintaining the integrity of the results, optimized workflow for reducing the time taken for exporting the unnecessary intermediate data and a buffer-communication-computation strategy for improving the communication efficiency. Experiments on a multi-node system show that the proposed parallel model allows efficient calculation of the LS factor at a regional scale with a massive dataset.

  10. Pressure Model of Control Valve Based on LS-SVM with the Fruit Fly Algorithm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Huang Aiqin

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Control valve is a kind of essential terminal control component which is hard to model by traditional methodologies because of its complexity and nonlinearity. This paper proposes a new modeling method for the upstream pressure of control valve using the least squares support vector machine (LS-SVM, which has been successfully used to identify nonlinear system. In order to improve the modeling performance, the fruit fly optimization algorithm (FOA is used to optimize two critical parameters of LS-SVM. As an example, a set of actual production data from a controlling system of chlorine in a salt chemistry industry is applied. The validity of LS-SVM modeling method using FOA is verified by comparing the predicted results with the actual data with a value of MSE 2.474 × 10−3. Moreover, it is demonstrated that the initial position of FOA does not affect its optimal ability. By comparison, simulation experiments based on PSO algorithm and the grid search method are also carried out. The results show that LS-SVM based on FOA has equal performance in prediction accuracy. However, from the respect of calculation time, FOA has a significant advantage and is more suitable for the online prediction.

  11. A lossless compression method for medical image sequences using JPEG-LS and interframe coding.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miaou, Shaou-Gang; Ke, Fu-Sheng; Chen, Shu-Ching

    2009-09-01

    Hospitals and medical centers produce an enormous amount of digital medical images every day, especially in the form of image sequences, which requires considerable storage space. One solution could be the application of lossless compression. Among available methods, JPEG-LS has excellent coding performance. However, it only compresses a single picture with intracoding and does not utilize the interframe correlation among pictures. Therefore, this paper proposes a method that combines the JPEG-LS and an interframe coding with motion vectors to enhance the compression performance of using JPEG-LS alone. Since the interframe correlation between two adjacent images in a medical image sequence is usually not as high as that in a general video image sequence, the interframe coding is activated only when the interframe correlation is high enough. With six capsule endoscope image sequences under test, the proposed method achieves average compression gains of 13.3% and 26.3% over the methods of using JPEG-LS and JPEG2000 alone, respectively. Similarly, for an MRI image sequence, coding gains of 77.5% and 86.5% are correspondingly obtained.

  12. Low rank updated LS-SVM classifiers for fast variable selection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ojeda, Fabian; Suykens, Johan A K; De Moor, Bart

    2008-01-01

    Least squares support vector machine (LS-SVM) classifiers are a class of kernel methods whose solution follows from a set of linear equations. In this work we present low rank modifications to the LS-SVM classifiers that are useful for fast and efficient variable selection. The inclusion or removal of a candidate variable can be represented as a low rank modification to the kernel matrix (linear kernel) of the LS-SVM classifier. In this way, the LS-SVM solution can be updated rather than being recomputed, which improves the efficiency of the overall variable selection process. Relevant variables are selected according to a closed form of the leave-one-out (LOO) error estimator, which is obtained as a by-product of the low rank modifications. The proposed approach is applied to several benchmark data sets as well as two microarray data sets. When compared to other related algorithms used for variable selection, simulations applying our approach clearly show a lower computational complexity together with good stability on the generalization error.

  13. Atomic electronic states: the L-S and j-j coupling schemes and their correlation

    CERN Document Server

    Li, Wai-Kee

    2014-01-01

    In the first part of this paper, we review the assumption of the L-S coupling scheme, with which we derive the electronic states arising from a given atomic configuration. Then, with the aid of the spectral data of Group 15 elements, it becomes clear that the assumption of the L-S coupling scheme is no longer valid as we go farther and farther down the Periodic Table. In the second part, we introduce the j-j coupling scheme, which is seldom covered in standard inorganic chemistry texts, and contrast the assumptions of the two schemes. Next, we use two worked examples to demonstrate the derivation of electronic states with the j-j coupling scheme. Finally, the correlation between the states derived by L-S and j-j schemes is pictorially shown. It is believed a student, by also studying j-j coupling schemes (by no means a difficult task) along with the L-S scheme, will gain a better understanding of the concept of atomic electronic states.

  14. Effect of L.S. Vygotsky's Ideas on the Development of Russian Didactics (Primary School)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vinogradova, N. F.

    2016-01-01

    This article characterizes the changes that occurred and are occurring in the didactics of primary school as an effect of L.S. Vygotsky's psychological ideas. It underscores the characteristic features of the step-by-step convergence of psychology and pedagogy and discloses the reasons psychological knowledge is not used sufficiently to organize…

  15. Candidate counterparts to the soft gamma-ray flare in the direction of LS I +61303

    CERN Document Server

    Munoz-Arjonilla, A J; Combi, J A; Luque-Escamilla, P; Sanchez-Sutil, J R; Zabalza, V; Paredes, J M

    2009-01-01

    Context. A short duration burst reminiscent of a soft gamma-ray repeater/anomalous X-ray pulsar behaviour was detected in the direction of LS I +61 303 by the Swift satellite. While the association with this well known gamma-ray binary is likely, a different origin cannot be excluded. Aims. We explore the error box of this unexpected flaring event and establish the radio, near-infrared and X-ray sources in our search for any peculiar alternative counterpart. Methods. We carried out a combined analysis of archive Very Large Array radio data of LS I +61 303 sensitive to both compact and extended emission. We also reanalysed previous near infrared observations with the 3.5 m telescope of the Centro Astronomico Hispano Aleman and X-ray observations with the Chandra satellite. Results. Our deep radio maps of the LS I +61 303 environment represent a significant advancement on previous work and 16 compact radio sources in the LS I +61 303 vicinity are detected. For some detections, we also identify near infrared and...

  16. Hybrid Baryons

    CERN Document Server

    Page, P R

    2003-01-01

    We review the status of hybrid baryons. The only known way to study hybrids rigorously is via excited adiabatic potentials. Hybrids can be modelled by both the bag and flux-tube models. The low-lying hybrid baryon is N 1/2^+ with a mass of 1.5-1.8 GeV. Hybrid baryons can be produced in the glue-rich processes of diffractive gamma N and pi N production, Psi decays and p pbar annihilation.

  17. PD-1/PD-Ls pathways between CD4(+) T cells and pleural mesothelial cells in human tuberculous pleurisy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yin, Wen; Tong, Zhao-Hui; Cui, Ai; Zhang, Jian-Chu; Ye, Zhi-Jian; Yuan, Ming-Li; Zhou, Qiong; Shi, Huan-Zhong

    2014-03-01

    Programmed death 1 (PD-1), PD-ligand 1 (PD-L1), and PD-L2 have been demonstrated to be involved in tuberculosis immunity, however, the expression and regulation of PD-1/PD-Ls pathways in pleural mesothelial cells (PMCs) and CD4(+) T cells in tuberculous pleural effusion (TPE) have not been investigated. Expression of PD-1 on CD4(+) T cells and expressions of PD-L1 and PD-L2 on PMCs in TPE were determined. The impacts of PD-1/PD-Ls pathways on proliferation, apoptosis, adhesion, and migration of CD4(+) T cells were explored. Concentrations of soluble PD-l, but not of soluble PD-Ls, were much higher in TPE than in serum. Expressions of PD-1 on CD4(+) T cells in TPE were significantly higher than those in blood. Expressions of PD-Ls were much higher on PMCs from TPE when compared with those from transudative effusion. Interferon-γ not only upregulated the expression of PD-1 on CD4(+) T cells, but also upregulated the expressions of PD-Ls on PMCs. Blockage PD-1/PD-Ls pathways abolished the inhibitory effects on proliferation and adhesion activity of CD4(+) T cells induced by PMCs. PD-1/PD-Ls pathways on PMCs inhibited proliferation and adhesion activity of CD4(+) T cells, suggesting that Mycobacterium tuberculosis might exploit PD-1/PD-Ls pathways to evade host cell immune response in human.

  18. 利用端部效应改正的LS+AR模型进行日长变化预报%Prediction of LOD Change Based on the LS and AR Model with Edge Effect Corrected

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘建; 王琪洁; 张昊

    2013-01-01

    Aiming to resolve the edge effect in the process of predicting length of day (LOD) by the least squares and autoregressive (LS+AR) model,we employed a time series analysis model to extrapolate LOD series and produce a new series.Then,we used the new series to solve the coefficients for the LS model.At last,we used the LS+AR model to predict the LOD series again.By comparing the accuracy of LOD prediction by edge-effect corrected LS +AR and that by LS+AR,we conclude that edge-effect corrected LS+AR can improve the prediction accuracy,especially for medium-term and long-term predictions.%针对LS+AR模型在日长变化预报过程中存在的端部效应现象,采用时间序列分析方法对日长变化的序列进行外推,形成一个新的序列,用这个新序列求得LS模型的系数,然后再用LS+ AR模型对日长变化原始序列进行预报.实验结果表明,利用端部效应改正的LS+ AR模型与LS+ AR模型相比,在日长变化的预报精度上有一定的改善,尤其在跨度为中长期时改善更为明显.

  19. Discrimination of Rice Varieties using LS-SVM Classification Algorithms and Hyperspectral Data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jin Xiaming

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Fast discrimination of rice varieties plays a key role in the rice processing industry and benefits the management of rice in the supermarket. In order to discriminate rice varieties in a fast and nondestructive way, hyperspectral technology and several classification algorithms were used in this study. The hyperspectral data of 250 rice samples of 5 varieties were obtained using FieldSpec®3 spectrometer. Multiplication Scatter Correction (MSC was used to preprocess the raw spectra. Principal Component Analysis (PCA was used to reduce the dimension of raw spectra. To investigate the influence of different linear and non-linear classification algorithms on the discrimination results, K-Nearest Neighbors (KNN, Support Vector Machine (SVM and Least Square Support Vector Machine (LS-SVM were used to develop the discrimination models respectively. Then the performances of these three multivariate classification methods were compared according to the discrimination accuracy. The number of Principal Components (PCs and K parameter of KNN, kernel function of SVM or LS-SVM, were optimized by cross-validation in corresponding models. One hundred and twenty five rice samples (25 of each variety were chosen as calibration set and the remaining 125 rice samples were prediction set. The experiment results showed that, the optimal PCs was 8 and the cross-validation accuracy of KNN (K = 2, SVM, LS-SVM were 94.4, 96.8 and 100%, respectively, while the prediction accuracy of KNN (K = 2, SVM, LS-SVM were 89.6, 93.6 and 100%, respectively. The results indicated that LS-SVM performed the best in the discrimination of rice varieties.

  20. Thermal Decomposition Characteristics of LS-Based Propellant%LS基推进剂的热解特性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡松启; 陈静; 吴素丽; 邓哲

    2013-01-01

    用差示扫描(DSC)和热重分析(TG)研究了斯蒂芬酸铅(LS)/硝化棉(NC)/双铅2(SQ-2)推进剂热稳定性.用热力计算方法分析了四种推进剂(高氯酸铵(AP)/端羟基聚丁二烯(HTPB),AP/NC,LS/NC和LS/SQ-2)的能量特性.研究了配比为5∶5,6∶4,7∶3三种LS/NC推进剂和配比为4∶6,5∶5,6∶4,7∶3四种LS/SQ-2推进剂的热分解特性.结果表明:添加NC或SQ-2能降低LS的热稳定性,提高推进剂的能量,其中NC的效果更显著,认为LS和NC可选作微型发动机用推进剂的组分.%Thermal stabilities of lead styphnate(LS) / nitrocellulose(NC)/ dibasic lead stearate(SQ-2) were studied by Different Scanning Calorimetry(DSC) and Thermogravimetry (TG).The energetic properties of four propellants(ammonium perchlorate (AP) / hydroxy-terminated polybutadiene(HTPB),AP/NC,LS/ NC and LS /SQ-2) were analyzed with thermodynamic calculation method.Thermal decomposition characteristics of three LS/NC propellants with ratio of LS to NC as 5 ∶ 5,6 ∶ 4 and 7 ∶ 3 and four LS/SQ-2 propellants with ratio of LS to SQ-2 as 4 ∶ 6,5 ∶ 5,6 ∶ 4 and 7 ∶ 3 were researched.Results show that the thermostability of LS decreases by adding NC or SQ-2,and its energy enhances,in which the effect of NC is more obvious,considering that LS and NC can be chosen as the components of propellant used in micro solid rocket motor.

  1. Stock price forecast based on LS-SVM phase space reconstruction%基于相空间重构的LS-SVM股票价格预测

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林琦; 吴少雄

    2010-01-01

    提出一种基于相空间重构的最小二乘支持向量机(LS-SVM)的股票价格预测方法.采用混沌时间序列对股票价格数据进行相空间重构,应用贝叶斯框架对最小二乘支持向量机的参数选优.预测结果表明,该模型具有误差小、拟合程度高等优点,可适用于股票价格预测.

  2. LS-DYNA带单元在绳索体仿真中的应用研究%The Application of LS-DYNA Seatbelt Element in Net Simulation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵国伟; 朱鸥宁; 徐云飞; 郑正路

    2013-01-01

    复杂绳索体动力学过程的数值模拟在产品设计中有着越来越多的需求.本文讨论了绳索单元特征及其动力学模型,并基于有限元法,研究了在LS-DYNA中采用安全带单元实现复杂绳索体动力学仿真建模的方法,包括绳索体材料与单元定义、载荷设置、初始状态设置和接触问题的处理等;对柔性网体展开过程进行了数值仿真,结果表明:采用LS-DYNA安全带单元,可有效地实现复杂绳索体动力学过程的模拟;采用“节点-表面”的接触类型,可有效地实现柔性网体与其它对象的接触模拟.

  3. Study on damping effect of damping ditch by using LS-DYNA%基于LS-DYNA的减震沟减震效应研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张袁娟; 王公忠

    2015-01-01

    为了研究减震沟的减震作用,运用大型动力分析软件LS-DYNA,基于具体工况分别对有减震沟和无减震沟的露天矿台阶爆破进行数值模拟。结果表明,减震沟距离爆源越近,减震效果越好,减震率最高可达77%,为减震沟的减震效应研究和类似工况提供了理论支持。%In order to study the damping effect of damping ditch,the explicit nonlinear dynamic analysis finite element program LS-DYNA is used based on the specific conditions. The two different numerical models with damping ditch and without damping ditch are made respectively to study the damping effect of open-pit blasting. Numerical simulation results show that the nearer the damping ditch from the explosion source is,the better the damping effect will be,and the biggest decreasing amplitude ratio can reach to about 77%,it provides the theoretical support for the research of damping effect of damping ditch and similar conditions.

  4. Short-term Load Forecasting Based on ARIMA-LS-SVM Model%基于ARIMA和LS-SVM组合模型的短期负荷预测

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘国徽; 刘小满; 余雪芳; 王勇

    2010-01-01

    经实例预测分析发现,利用累积式自回归动平均法(autoregressive integrated moving average,ARIMA)进行电力短期负荷预测时所得误差序列有较明显的周期规律性,针对此现象及其原因,为提高预测精度,提出采用最小二乘支持向量机(least squares support vector machine,LS-SVM)对ARIMA预测误差进行修正的ARIMA-LS-SVM组合模型;利用该改进模型对哈尔滨电网负荷进行实例预测,结果表明:该方法能够提高短期负荷的预测精度,并且具有较强的推广性和应用能力.

  5. Nonlinear Channel Estimation for OFDM System by Complex LS-SVM under High Mobility Conditions

    CERN Document Server

    Charrada, Anis; 10.5121/ijwmn.2011.3412

    2011-01-01

    A nonlinear channel estimator using complex Least Square Support Vector Machines (LS-SVM) is proposed for pilot-aided OFDM system and applied to Long Term Evolution (LTE) downlink under high mobility conditions. The estimation algorithm makes use of the reference signals to estimate the total frequency response of the highly selective multipath channel in the presence of non-Gaussian impulse noise interfering with pilot signals. Thus, the algorithm maps trained data into a high dimensional feature space and uses the structural risk minimization (SRM) principle to carry out the regression estimation for the frequency response function of the highly selective channel. The simulations show the effectiveness of the proposed method which has good performance and high precision to track the variations of the fading channels compared to the conventional LS method and it is robust at high speed mobility.

  6. Segmentation of Magnetic Resonance Imaging MRI using LS-SVM and Wavelet Multiresolution Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis A. Muñoz-Bedoya

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Currently, support vector machines (SVM have become a powerful tool to solve nonlinear classification problems. For the optimization of the tool, has developed a reformulation known as LS-SVM (Support Vector Machine least squares, which works with a model based on function minimization and Lagrange polynomials. Therefore, this paper presents a method for segmentation of magnetic resonance images specifically to study the morphology of the lungs and reach the quantification of relevant features in these images using SVM and LS-SVM. In addition to sorting technique in this work using techniques such as wavelet analysis to eliminate irrelevant information (compression and Splines algorithms to interpolate the information found and quantify the characteristics, which in this work were based on the recognition area, shape and abnormal structures present in the lung of these images.

  7. Design of a multiple kernel learning algorithm for LS-SVM by convex programming.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jian, Ling; Xia, Zhonghang; Liang, Xijun; Gao, Chuanhou

    2011-06-01

    As a kernel based method, the performance of least squares support vector machine (LS-SVM) depends on the selection of the kernel as well as the regularization parameter (Duan, Keerthi, & Poo, 2003). Cross-validation is efficient in selecting a single kernel and the regularization parameter; however, it suffers from heavy computational cost and is not flexible to deal with multiple kernels. In this paper, we address the issue of multiple kernel learning for LS-SVM by formulating it as semidefinite programming (SDP). Furthermore, we show that the regularization parameter can be optimized in a unified framework with the kernel, which leads to an automatic process for model selection. Extensive experimental validations are performed and analyzed.

  8. LS1 “First Long Shutdown of LHC and its Injector Chains”

    CERN Multimedia

    Foraz, K; Barberan, M; Bernardini, M; Coupard, J; Gilbert, N; Hay, D; Mataguez, S; McFarlane, D

    2014-01-01

    The LHC and its Injectors were stopped in February 2013, in order to maintain, consolidate and upgrade the different equipment of the accelerator chain, with the goal of achieving LHC operation at the design energy of 14 TeV in the centre-of-mass. Prior to the start of this First Long Shutdown (LS1), a major effort of preparation was performed in order to optimize the schedule and the use of resources across the different machines, with the aim of resuming LHC physics in early 2015. The rest of the CERN complex will restart beam operation in the second half of 2014. This paper presents the schedule of the LS1, describes the organizational set-up for the coordination of the works, the main activities, the different main milestones, which have been achieved so far, and the decisions taken in order to mitigate the issues encountered.

  9. Semantic Web applications and tools for the life sciences: SWAT4LS 2010.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burger, Albert; Paschke, Adrian; Romano, Paolo; Marshall, M Scott; Splendiani, Andrea

    2012-01-25

    As Semantic Web technologies mature and new releases of key elements, such as SPARQL 1.1 and OWL 2.0, become available, the Life Sciences continue to push the boundaries of these technologies with ever more sophisticated tools and applications. Unsurprisingly, therefore, interest in the SWAT4LS (Semantic Web Applications and Tools for the Life Sciences) activities have remained high, as was evident during the third international SWAT4LS workshop held in Berlin in December 2010. Contributors to this workshop were invited to submit extended versions of their papers, the best of which are now made available in the special supplement of BMC Bioinformatics. The papers reflect the wide range of work in this area, covering the storage and querying of Life Sciences data in RDF triple stores, tools for the development of biomedical ontologies and the semantics-based integration of Life Sciences as well as clinicial data.

  10. ls1 mardyn: The massively parallel molecular dynamics code for large systems

    CERN Document Server

    Niethammer, Christoph; Bernreuther, Martin; Buchholz, Martin; Eckhardt, Wolfgang; Heinecke, Alexander; Werth, Stephan; Bungartz, Hans-Joachim; Glass, Colin W; Hasse, Hans; Vrabec, Jadran; Horsch, Martin

    2014-01-01

    The molecular dynamics simulation code ls1 mardyn is presented. It is a highly scalable code, optimized for massively parallel execution on supercomputing architectures, and currently holds the world record for the largest molecular simulation with over four trillion particles. It enables the application of pair potentials to length and time scales which were previously out of scope for molecular dynamics simulation. With an efficient dynamic load balancing scheme, it delivers high scalability even for challenging heterogeneous configurations. Presently, multi-center rigid potential models based on Lennard-Jones sites, point charges and higher-order polarities are supported. Due to its modular design, ls1 mardyn can be extended to new physical models, methods, and algorithms, allowing future users to tailor it to suit their respective needs. Possible applications include scenarios with complex geometries, e.g. for fluids at interfaces, as well as non-equilibrium molecular dynamics simulation of heat and mass ...

  11. Deep Chandra observations of TeV binaries I : LS I+61 303

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rea, N.; Torres, D.F.; Klis, M. van der; Mendez, M.; Sierpowska-Bartosik, A.; Jonker, P.G.

    2010-01-01

    We report on a 95 ks Chandra observation of the TeV emitting High Mass X– ray Binary LS I+61303, using the ACIS-S camera in Continuos Clocking mode to search for a possible X-ray pulsar in this system. The observation was performed while the compact object was passing from phase 0.94 to 0.98 in its

  12. Deep Chandra observations of TeV binaries - I. LS I +61°303

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rea, N.; Torres, D.F.; van der Klis, M.; Jonker, P.G.; Méndez, M.; Sierpowska-Bartosik, A.

    2010-01-01

    We report on a 95 ks Chandra observation of the TeV emitting high-mass X-ray binary LS I +61°303, using the ACIS-S camera in continuous clocking mode to search for a possible X-ray pulsar in this system. The observation was performed while the compact object was passing from phase 0.94 to 0.98 in it

  13. Hydraulic Press with LS System for Modelling of Plastic Working Operations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janusz Pluta

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available At first, the paper describes destination of the presented hydraulic press. Next, the substance of load sensing (LS systems’ operation was introduced, and electro-hydraulic system of this type, installed in laboratory hydraulic press, was described. The control and measurement circuit of the device was also described, and exemplary test results obtained during plastic working operations on soft non-ferrous alloys were presented.

  14. [Fe(II)LSCo(III)LS]2 ⇔ [Fe(III)LSCo(II)HS]2 photoinduced conversion in a cyanide-bridged heterobimetallic molecular square.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mercurol, Julie; Li, Yanling; Pardo, Emilio; Risset, Olivia; Seuleiman, Mannan; Rousselière, Hélène; Lescouëzec, Rodrigue; Julve, Miguel

    2010-12-21

    The self-assembly of [Fe(III){B(pz)(4)}(CN)(3)](-) and [Co(II)(bik)(2)(S)(2)](2+) affords the diamagnetic cyanide-bridged [Fe(II)(LS)Co(III)(LS)](2) molecular square which is converted into the corresponding magnetic [Fe(III)(LS)Co(II)(HS)](2) species under light irradiation at relatively low temperatures.

  15. [Research of adaptive notch filter based on QRD-LS algorithm for power line interference in ECG].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Shuyan; Dong, Jian; Guan, Xin

    2008-10-01

    In this paper, an adaptive notch filter based on QRD-LS algorithm for power line interference in ECG is researched. It can automatically eliminate the power line interference in order to improve the signal-to-interference ratio. Furthermore, QLD-LS algorithm, which is recursive least-squares minimization using systolic arrays, is employed to adjust the weight vector. Compared with the adaptive notch filter based on LMS (least mean square) algorithm, it has good robustness. Simulation examples confirm the results. QRD-LS adaptive notch filter has better performance in comparison with LMS method.

  16. Simple Detection of Large InDeLS by DHPLC: The ACE Gene as a Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renata Guedes Koyama

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Insertion-deletion polymorphism (InDeL is the second most frequent type of genetic variation in the human genome. For the detection of large InDeLs, researchers usually resort to either PCR gel analysis or RFLP, but these are time consuming and dependent on human interpretation. Therefore, a more efficient method for genotyping this kind of genetic variation is needed. In this report, we describe a method that can detect large InDeLs by DHPLC (denaturating high-performance liquid chromatography using the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE gene I/D polymorphism as a model. The InDeL targeted in this study is characterized by a 288 bp Alu element insertion (I. We used DHPLC at nondenaturating conditions to analyze the PCR product with a flow through the chromatographic column under two different gradients based on the differences between D and I sequences. The analysis described is quick and easy, making this technique a suitable and efficient means for DHPLC users to screen InDeLs in genetic epidemiological studies.

  17. Launch of new e-learning course “Safety during LS1”

    CERN Multimedia

    HSE Unit

    2013-01-01

    After 3 years of activity, the LHC and the rest of the accelerator chain have been shut down for about 2 years (from February 2013 to December 2014) due to maintenance and upgrade work, on the surface as well as underground.   CERN has developed a new e-learning course related to this Long Shutdown period (LS1) so as to provide all the collaborators working in the LS1 area with accurate security-oriented information. The objectives of this new course are to: Present LS1 and its context, Identify CERN facilities’ major risks, Identify the main risks associated with our co-activities, Explain how safety issues are being handled at CERN, Present all the basic safety measures to be respected, Present all emergency and rescue instructions. The course is available via the e-learning SIR application. It is compulsory for all newcomers at CERN, along with the “CERN Safety Introduction” training. It is also highly recommended that people who were already w...

  18. Exceptionally Bright TeV Flares from the Binary LS I +61 303

    Science.gov (United States)

    Archambault, S.; Archer, A.; Aune, T.; Barnacka, A.; Benbow, W.; Bird, R.; Buchovecky, M.; Buckley, J. H.; Bugaev, V.; Byrum, K.; Cardenzana, J. V.; Cerruti, M.; Chen, X.; Ciupik, L.; Collins-Hughes, E.; Connolly, M. P.; Cui, W.; Dickinson, H. J.; Dumm, J.; Eisch, J. D.; Falcone, A.; Feng, Q.; Finley, J. P.; Fleischhack, H.; Flinders, A.; Fortin, P.; Fortson, L.; Furniss, A.; Gillanders, G. H.; Griffin, S.; Grube, J.; Gyuk, G.; Hütten, M.; Håkansson, N.; Hanna, D.; Holder, J.; Humensky, T. B.; Johnson, C. A.; Kaaret, P.; Kar, P.; Kelley-Hoskins, N.; Kertzman, M.; Khassen, Y.; Kieda, D.; Krause, M.; Krennrich, F.; Kumar, S.; Lang, M. J.; Maier, G.; McArthur, S.; McCann, A.; Meagher, K.; Millis, J.; Moriarty, P.; Mukherjee, R.; Nieto, D.; O'Brien, S.; O'Faoláin de Bhróithe, A.; Ong, R. A.; Otte, A. N.; Pandel, D.; Park, N.; Pelassa, V.; Pohl, M.; Popkow, A.; Pueschel, E.; Quinn, J.; Ragan, K.; Reynolds, P. T.; Richards, G. T.; Roache, E.; Rousselle, J.; Rulten, C.; Santander, M.; Sembroski, G. H.; Shahinyan, K.; Smith, A. W.; Staszak, D.; Telezhinsky, I.; Tucci, J. V.; Tyler, J.; Vincent, S.; Wakely, S. P.; Weiner, O. M.; Weinstein, A.; Wilhelm, A.; Williams, D. A.; Zitzer, B.

    2016-01-01

    The TeV binary system LS I +61° 303 is known for its regular, non-thermal emission pattern that traces the orbital period of the compact object in its 26.5 day orbit around its B0 Ve star companion. The system typically presents elevated TeV emission around apastron passage with flux levels between 5% and 15% of the steady flux from the Crab Nebula (>300 GeV). In this article, VERITAS observations of LS I +61° 303 taken in late 2014 are presented, during which bright TeV flares around apastron at flux levels peaking above 30% of the Crab Nebula flux were detected. This is the brightest such activity from this source ever seen in the TeV regime. The strong outbursts have rise and fall times of less than a day. The short timescale of the flares, in conjunction with the observation of 10 TeV photons from LS I +61° 303 during the flares, provides constraints on the properties of the accelerator in the source.

  19. A Computational Approach for Probabilistic Analysis of LS-DYNA Water Impact Simulations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horta, Lucas G.; Mason, Brian H.; Lyle, Karen H.

    2010-01-01

    NASA s development of new concepts for the Crew Exploration Vehicle Orion presents many similar challenges to those worked in the sixties during the Apollo program. However, with improved modeling capabilities, new challenges arise. For example, the use of the commercial code LS-DYNA, although widely used and accepted in the technical community, often involves high-dimensional, time consuming, and computationally intensive simulations. Because of the computational cost, these tools are often used to evaluate specific conditions and rarely used for statistical analysis. The challenge is to capture what is learned from a limited number of LS-DYNA simulations to develop models that allow users to conduct interpolation of solutions at a fraction of the computational time. For this problem, response surface models are used to predict the system time responses to a water landing as a function of capsule speed, direction, attitude, water speed, and water direction. Furthermore, these models can also be used to ascertain the adequacy of the design in terms of probability measures. This paper presents a description of the LS-DYNA model, a brief summary of the response surface techniques, the analysis of variance approach used in the sensitivity studies, equations used to estimate impact parameters, results showing conditions that might cause injuries, and concluding remarks.

  20. A Computational Approach for Model Update of an LS-DYNA Energy Absorbing Cell

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horta, Lucas G.; Jackson, Karen E.; Kellas, Sotiris

    2008-01-01

    NASA and its contractors are working on structural concepts for absorbing impact energy of aerospace vehicles. Recently, concepts in the form of multi-cell honeycomb-like structures designed to crush under load have been investigated for both space and aeronautics applications. Efforts to understand these concepts are progressing from tests of individual cells to tests of systems with hundreds of cells. Because of fabrication irregularities, geometry irregularities, and material properties uncertainties, the problem of reconciling analytical models, in particular LS-DYNA models, with experimental data is a challenge. A first look at the correlation results between single cell load/deflection data with LS-DYNA predictions showed problems which prompted additional work in this area. This paper describes a computational approach that uses analysis of variance, deterministic sampling techniques, response surface modeling, and genetic optimization to reconcile test with analysis results. Analysis of variance provides a screening technique for selection of critical parameters used when reconciling test with analysis. In this study, complete ignorance of the parameter distribution is assumed and, therefore, the value of any parameter within the range that is computed using the optimization procedure is considered to be equally likely. Mean values from tests are matched against LS-DYNA solutions by minimizing the square error using a genetic optimization. The paper presents the computational methodology along with results obtained using this approach.

  1. Parallel design of JPEG-LS encoder on graphics processing units

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duan, Hao; Fang, Yong; Huang, Bormin

    2012-01-01

    With recent technical advances in graphic processing units (GPUs), GPUs have outperformed CPUs in terms of compute capability and memory bandwidth. Many successful GPU applications to high performance computing have been reported. JPEG-LS is an ISO/IEC standard for lossless image compression which utilizes adaptive context modeling and run-length coding to improve compression ratio. However, adaptive context modeling causes data dependency among adjacent pixels and the run-length coding has to be performed in a sequential way. Hence, using JPEG-LS to compress large-volume hyperspectral image data is quite time-consuming. We implement an efficient parallel JPEG-LS encoder for lossless hyperspectral compression on a NVIDIA GPU using the computer unified device architecture (CUDA) programming technology. We use the block parallel strategy, as well as such CUDA techniques as coalesced global memory access, parallel prefix sum, and asynchronous data transfer. We also show the relation between GPU speedup and AVIRIS block size, as well as the relation between compression ratio and AVIRIS block size. When AVIRIS images are divided into blocks, each with 64×64 pixels, we gain the best GPU performance with 26.3x speedup over its original CPU code.

  2. VSOP and Stellar Sources - The Case of LS I +61°303

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dougherty, S. M.

    2009-08-01

    Space-VLBI observations of stellar sources represent a challenge since there are few sources with sufficiently high brightness temperature for detection on space-ground baselines. X-ray binaries (XRB) are among the few types of stellar radio sources that can be detected. Observations of the unusual X-ray and γ-ray binary system LS I +61°303 obtained with the HALCA satellite and a 20-element ground array are described. The data in this 48-hour experiment represent some of the best quality VLBI observations of LS I +61°303. No fringes were detected on HALCA baselines. 10-minute snapshot images were produced from the global ground array data and reveal an expansion velocity of 800 km s-1. Some of these image data reveal hints of more extended emission but high-SNR closure phase data do not support relativistic outflow in the plane-of-the-sky in LS I +61°303. The largest closure phase rates are consistent with an outflow of ˜1000 km s-1 as deduced from the image data. The closure phases also show no evidence of structure variation on size scales greater than ˜10 mas. A number of issues related to VSOP2 observations of stellar radio sources are raised.

  3. Exceptionally bright TeV flares from the binary LS I +61$^\\circ$ 303

    CERN Document Server

    Archambault, S; Aune, T; Barnacka, A; Benbow, W; Bird, R; Buchovecky, M; Buckley, J H; Bugaev, V; Byrum, K; Cardenzana, J V; Cerruti, M; Chen, X; Ciupik, L; Collins-Hughes, E; Connolly, M P; Cui, W; Dickinson, H J; Dumm, J; Eisch, J D; Falcone, A; Feng, Q; Finley, J P; Fleischhack, H; Flinders, A; Fortin, P; Fortson, L; Furniss, A; Gillanders, G H; Griffin, S; Grube, J; Gyuk, G; Huetten, M; Hakansson, N; Hanna, D; Holder, J; Humensky, T B; Johnson, C A; Kaaret, P; Kar, P; Kelley-Hoskins, N; Kertzman, M; Khassen, Y; Kieda, D; Krause, M; Krennrich, F; Kumar, S; Lang, M J; Maier, G; McArthur, S; McCann, A; Meagher, K; Millis, J; Moriarty, P; Mukherjee, R; Nieto, D; O'Brien, S; de Bhroithe, A O'Faolain; Ong, R A; Otte, A N; Pandel, D; Park, N; Pelassa, V; Pohl, M; Popkow, A; Pueschel, E; Quinn, J; Ragan, K; Reynolds, P T; Richards, G T; Roache, E; Rousselle, J; Rulten, C; Santander, M; Sembroski, G H; Shahinyan, K; Smith, A W; Staszak, D; Telezhinsky, I; Tucci, J V; Tyler, J; Vincent, S; Wakely, S P; Weiner, O M; Weinstein, A; Wilhelm, A; Williams, D A; Zitzer, B

    2016-01-01

    The TeV binary system LS I +61$^\\circ$ 303 is known for its regular, non-thermal emission pattern which traces the orbital period of the compact object in its 26.5 day orbit around its B0 Ve star companion. The system typically presents elevated TeV emission around apastron passage with flux levels between 5% and 15% of the steady flux from the Crab Nebula (> 300 GeV). In this article, VERITAS observations of LS I +61$^\\circ$ 303 taken in late 2014 are presented, during which bright TeV flares around apastron at flux levels peaking above 30% of the Crab Nebula flux were detected. This is the brightest such activity from this source ever seen in the TeV regime. The strong outbursts have rise and fall times of less than a day. The short timescale of the flares, in conjunction with the observation of 10 TeV photons from LS I +61$^\\circ$ 303 during the flares, provides constraints on the properties of the accelerator in the source.

  4. High-energy emissions from the gamma-ray binary LS 5039

    CERN Document Server

    Takata, J; Tam, P H T; Kong, A K H; Hui, C Y; Cheng, K S

    2014-01-01

    We study mechanisms of multi-wavelength emissions (X-ray, GeV and TeV gamma-rays) from the gamma-ray binary LS~5039. This paper is composed of two parts. In the first part, we report on results of observational analysis using four year data of \\fermi\\ Large Area Telescope. Due to the improvement of instrumental response function and increase of the statistics, the observational uncertainties of the spectrum in $\\sim$100-300 MeV bands and $>10$GeV bands are significantly improved. The present data analysis suggests that the 0.1-100GeV emissions from LS~5039 contain three different components; (i) the first component contributes to $<$1GeV emissions around superior conjunction, (ii) the second component dominates in 1-10GeV energy bands and (iii) the third component is compatible to lower energy tail of the TeV emissions. In the second part, we develop an emission model to explain the properties of the phase-resolved emissions in multi-wavelength observations. Assuming that LS~5039 includes a pulsar, we argu...

  5. Lamb Wave Damage Quantification Using GA-Based LS-SVM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fuqiang Sun

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Lamb waves have been reported to be an efficient tool for non-destructive evaluations (NDE for various application scenarios. However, accurate and reliable damage quantification using the Lamb wave method is still a practical challenge, due to the complex underlying mechanism of Lamb wave propagation and damage detection. This paper presents a Lamb wave damage quantification method using a least square support vector machine (LS-SVM and a genetic algorithm (GA. Three damage sensitive features, namely, normalized amplitude, phase change, and correlation coefficient, were proposed to describe changes of Lamb wave characteristics caused by damage. In view of commonly used data-driven methods, the GA-based LS-SVM model using the proposed three damage sensitive features was implemented to evaluate the crack size. The GA method was adopted to optimize the model parameters. The results of GA-based LS-SVM were validated using coupon test data and lap joint component test data with naturally developed fatigue cracks. Cases of different loading and manufacturer were also included to further verify the robustness of the proposed method for crack quantification.

  6. Hybrid vehicles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    West, J.G.W. [Electrical Machines (United Kingdom)

    1997-07-01

    The reasons for adopting hybrid vehicles result mainly from the lack of adequate range from electric vehicles at an acceptable cost. Hybrids can offer significant improvements in emissions and fuel economy. Series and parallel hybrids are compared. A combination of series and parallel operation would be the ideal. This can be obtained using a planetary gearbox as a power split device allowing a small generator to transfer power to the propulsion motor giving the effect of a CVT. It allows the engine to run at semi-constant speed giving better fuel economy and reduced emissions. Hybrid car developments are described that show the wide range of possible hybrid systems. (author)

  7. [Multiple dependent variables LS-SVM regression algorithm and its application in NIR spectral quantitative analysis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    An, Xin; Xu, Shuo; Zhang, Lu-Da; Su, Shi-Guang

    2009-01-01

    In the present paper, on the basis of LS-SVM algorithm, we built a multiple dependent variables LS-SVM (MLS-SVM) regression model whose weights can be optimized, and gave the corresponding algorithm. Furthermore, we theoretically explained the relationship between MLS-SVM and LS-SVM. Sixty four broomcorn samples were taken as experimental material, and the sample ratio of modeling set to predicting set was 51 : 13. We first selected randomly and uniformly five weight groups in the interval [0, 1], and then in the way of leave-one-out (LOO) rule determined one appropriate weight group and parameters including penalizing parameters and kernel parameters in the model according to the criterion of the minimum of average relative error. Then a multiple dependent variables quantitative analysis model was built with NIR spectrum and simultaneously analyzed three chemical constituents containing protein, lysine and starch. Finally, the average relative errors between actual values and predicted ones by the model of three components for the predicting set were 1.65%, 6.47% and 1.37%, respectively, and the correlation coefficients were 0.9940, 0.8392 and 0.8825, respectively. For comparison, LS-SVM was also utilized, for which the average relative errors were 1.68%, 6.25% and 1.47%, respectively, and the correlation coefficients were 0.9941, 0.8310 and 0.8800, respectively. It is obvious that MLS-SVM algorithm is comparable to LS-SVM algorithm in modeling analysis performance, and both of them can give satisfying results. The result shows that the model with MLS-SVM algorithm is capable of doing multi-components NIR quantitative analysis synchronously. Thus MLS-SVM algorithm offers a new multiple dependent variables quantitative analysis approach for chemometrics. In addition, the weights have certain effect on the prediction performance of the model with MLS-SVM, which is consistent with our intuition and is validated in this study. Therefore, it is necessary to optimize

  8. Development and Application of LS2000 Bagged Urea Train Loader%LS2000型尿素装车机的开发与应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘陶

    2001-01-01

    回顾了国内大化肥装置铁路站台装车机的使用概况,对国产化ZD1型装车机,从性能、结构、参数和使用等方面,作了详细的剖析和深入的探讨.在国内长期来缺少可靠合用的装车机的不利情况下,针对ZD1型装车机所暴露的缺点,对新开发的LS2000型装车机作了介绍,并对其基本性能、结构特点、工作原理等,作了系统的说明.

  9. Dynamic Simulation Analysis of Fruiter Trimmer Based on ANSYS/LS-DYNA%基于ANSYS/LS-DYNA的果树剪枝动力学仿真分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周波; 樊啟洲; 陈宝龙

    2012-01-01

    为了更好地研究果树剪枝机理,应用Pro/E软件对剪枝剪进行建模,利用接口将建立的模型导入ANSYS进行网络划分.在ANSYS/LS-DYNA环境下,建立了果树剪技有限元模型,对果树剪枝进行了动力学仿真.通过动力学仿真研究果树剪枝过程中的受力分析表明,当树枝直径为30mm时,刀片组最大应力为218.67 MPa,发生在定刀片刀刃附近.所得结论为改进果树剪枝剪结构、改善其受力状况和工作性能、延长使用寿命提供了依据.%In order to study the mechanism of fruiter trimmer, pruning shears were modeled by Pro/E, and the model established was guided into ANSYS for dividing of network, the three dimension model of fruiter trimmer was built for dynanmics simulation in the ANSYS/LS-DYNA environment. Stress analysis in the dynamics simulation of fruit tree's pruning process showed that when the tree branch' diameter was 30 nun, the maximum stress of the blade group was 218.67 Mpa in the vicinity of the fixed-blade cutting edge. It provides a basis for the improvement of fruit tree pruning shear's structure and the status and performance of its force, and also it extends the service life.

  10. Effects of Doxycycline on Invasion and Metastasis of Colorectal Cancer Cell Line LS174T%Doxycycline抑制大肠癌LS174T细胞侵袭的体外实验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐海涛; 杜杰; 董新舒

    2007-01-01

    目的:观察多西环素(Doxycycline)在体外对LS174T侵袭能力的抑制作用,并尝试探讨该抑制作用的分子机制.方法:1)MTT法观察Doxycycline对LS174T细胞粘附力的影响;Transwell小室法检测不同浓度Doxycycline对细胞侵袭和运动能力的抑制作用;2)RT-PCR法检测不同浓度Doxycycline作用48h后,MMP2的mRNA表达情况,同时明胶酶谱法检测MMP2分泌.结果:1)Doxycycline能够以剂量依赖方式抑制大肠癌LS174T细胞的体外运动和侵袭能力,但不影响其粘附能力;2)Doxycycline能够抑制LS174T细胞MMP2的mRNA表达.结论:Doxycycline在体外能够有效地抑制大肠癌LS174T细胞的侵袭、转移,其中MMP2是抑制大肠癌细胞LS174T的一个有效靶点.

  11. Study on the performance of the Particle Identification Detectors at LHCb after the LHC First Long Shutdown (LS1)

    CERN Document Server

    Fontana, Marianna

    2016-01-01

    During the First Long Shutdown (LS1), the LHCb experiment has introduced major modification in the data-processing procedure and modified part of the detector to deal with the increased energy and the increased heavy-hadron production cross-section. In this contribution we review the performance of the particle identification detectors at LHCb, Rich, Calorimeters, and Muon system, after the LS1

  12. Frequencies Estimation of Sinusoidal Embedded in Colored Noises via Cross-High-Order Cumulant LS Method%色噪声背景下正弦频率估计的互高阶谱LS方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马彦; 石要武; 戴逸松

    2001-01-01

    Harmonic retrieval problem considered here concerns with the estimation of the sinusoidal frequencies in hybrid col-red noises. It is applied to the cross-spectral theory and high-order self-spectral theory now. In this paper, Yule-Walker equation based on cross-fourth-order cumulant is developed first. And least square(LS) modified Yule-Walker (LS-Yule-Walker) method is also provided. Simulation results show that the method is effective to estimation sinusoid signal frequencies from hybrid colored noises and has good performance.%在互功率谱估计方法和高阶统计量理论相结合的基础上,提出了现代互高阶谱估计理论。首先推导并建立了基于互四阶累积量的Yule-Walker方程,并在此基础上提出了互四阶累积量的最小二乘(LS)修正Yule-Walker方程方法。仿真结果表明,在混合色噪声背景下,在信噪比达到-5dB的情况下,该方法仍能有效地抑制相关的和不相关的色噪声,具有良好的频率估计性能。

  13. A magnetar-like event from LS I +61 303 and its nature as a gamma-ray binary

    CERN Document Server

    Torres, Diego F; Esposito, Paolo; Li, Jian; Chen, Yupeng; Zhang, Shu

    2011-01-01

    We report on the Swift-BAT detection of a short burst from the direction of the TeV binary LS I +61 303, resembling those generally labelled as magnetar-like. We show that it is likely that the short burst was indeed originating from LS I +61 303 (although we cannot totally exclude the improbable presence of a far-away line-of-sight magnetar) and that it is a different phenomena with respect to the previously-observed ks-long flares from this system. Accepting as a hypothesis that LS I +61 303 is the first magnetar detected in a binary system, we study which are the implications. We find that a magnetar-composed LS I +61 303-system would most likely be (i.e., for usual magnetar parameters and mass-loss rate) subject to a flip-flop behavior, from a rotational powered regime (in apastron) to a propeller regime (in periastron) along each of the LS I +61 303, eccentric orbital motion. We prove that whereas near apastron an inter-wind shock can lead to the normally observed LS I +61 303behavior, with TeV emission,...

  14. Cloning and expression analysis of nonspecific cytotoxic cell receptor 1 (Ls-NCCRP1) from red snapper (Lutjanus sanguineus).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cai, Jia; Wei, Shina; Wang, Bei; Huang, Yucong; Tang, Jufen; Lu, Yishan; Wu, Zaohe; Jian, Jichang

    2013-09-01

    It is well known that nonspecific cytotoxic cells (NCCs) are kinds of natural killer cell mediated innate immune responses in teleosts. The nonspecific cytotoxic cell receptor protein 1 (NCCRP-1) is an important cell surface protein on NCC, which serves crucial functions in target cell recognition and cytotoxicity activation. In the present study, a nonspecific cytotoxic cell receptor protein NCCRP-1 (Ls-NCCRP1) was cloned from red snapper, Lutjanus sanguineus. The Ls-NCCRP1 cDNA is composed of 986bp with a 43bp of 5'-UTR, 702bp open reading frame (ORF) and 241bp 3'-UTR, encoding a polypeptide of 233 amino acids (GenBank accession no: ADK32635). Phylogenetic analysis revealed that Ls-NCCRP1 showed highest similarity to sea bream NCCRP-1. Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) analysis showed that Ls-NCCRP1 had relatively high expression level in the head kidney, spleen and liver. After Vibrio alginolyticus infection, transcripts of Ls-NCCRP1 increased and reached its peak at 4h p.i. These results indicated that Ls-NCCRP1 may play an important role in innate immune response to bacteria.

  15. A cohesin-independent role for NIPBL at promoters provides insights in CdLS.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jessica Zuin

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available The cohesin complex is crucial for chromosome segregation during mitosis and has recently also been implicated in transcriptional regulation and chromatin architecture. The NIPBL protein is required for the loading of cohesin onto chromatin, but how and where cohesin is loaded in vertebrate cells is unclear. Heterozygous mutations of NIPBL were found in 50% of the cases of Cornelia de Lange Syndrome (CdLS, a human developmental syndrome with a complex phenotype. However, no defects in the mitotic function of cohesin have been observed so far and the links between NIPBL mutations and the observed developmental defects are unclear. We show that NIPBL binds to chromatin in somatic cells with a different timing than cohesin. Further, we observe that high-affinity NIPBL binding sites localize to different regions than cohesin and almost exclusively to the promoters of active genes. NIPBL or cohesin knockdown reduce transcription of these genes differently, suggesting a cohesin-independent role of NIPBL for transcription. Motif analysis and comparison to published data show that NIPBL co-localizes with a specific set of other transcription factors. In cells derived from CdLS patients NIPBL binding levels are reduced and several of the NIPBL-bound genes have previously been observed to be mis-expressed in CdLS. In summary, our observations indicate that NIPBL mutations might cause developmental defects in different ways. First, defects of NIPBL might lead to cohesin-loading defects and thereby alter gene expression and second, NIPBL deficiency might affect genes directly via its role at the respective promoters.

  16. Spectral and Temporal Characteristics of LS PEG and TW PIC Using XMM-NEWTON Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Talebpour Sheshvan, Nasrin; Balman, Solen

    2016-07-01

    We report the analysis of archival XMM-Newton X-ray observations of LS Peg and TW Pic. These are Cataclysmic Variables (CVs) suggested as Intermediate Polars (IPs), but unconfirmed in the X-rays. Identification of several periodic oscillations in the optical band hint them as IPs. Unlike the previous spectral analysis on the EPIC-MOS data by fitting a hot optically thin plasma emission model with a single temperature for LS Peg, we simultaneously fitted all EPIC spectrum (pn+MOS) using a composite model of absorption for interstellar medium (tbabs) with two different partial covering absorbers (pcfabs) including a multitemperature plasma emission component (cevmkl) and a Gaussian emission line at 6.4 keV. TW Pic is best modeled in a similar manner with only one partial covering absorber and an extra Gaussian emission line at 6.7 keV. LS Peg has a maximum plasma temperature of ˜14.8 keV with an X-ray luminosity of ˜5×10^{32}ergs ^{-1} translating to an accretion rate of ˜1.27×10^{-10}M _{⊙}yr ^{-1}. TW Pic shows kT _{max} ˜38.7 keV with an X-ray luminosity around 1.6×10^{33}ergs ^{-1} at an accretion rate of ˜4×10^{-10}M _{⊙}yr ^{-1}. In addition, we discuss orbital modulations in the X-rays and power spectral analysis, and derive the EPIC pn spectra for orbital minimum and orbital maximum phases for both sources. We elaborate on the geometry of accretion and absorption in the X-ray emitting regions of both sources with articulation on the magnetic nature.

  17. MORFOLOGIA DERIVAZIONALE: RISVOLTI APPLICATIVI PER L’INSEGNAMENTO DELL’ITALIANO L2/LS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Mantovani

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Questo articolo si presenta come un piccolo saggio relativo all’analisi e all’utilizzo della morfologia derivazionale con i possibili risvolti applicativi per l’insegnamento dell’italiano come L2/LS. Dopo una breve introduzione alla morfologia derivazionale, vengono presi in esame tre testi, uno di ambito scientifico, uno di ambito letterario e uno di ambito giornalistico, allo scopo di mettere in evidenza aspetti della morfologia derivazionale specifici del linguaggio della medicina, della chimica, dei giornali, della letteratura e, là dove possibile, le differenze di utilizzo e di realizzazione della derivazione. La riflessione condotta sui testi analizzati consente di sottolineare come la pratica dell’‘insegnamento derivazionale’ possa consentire all’apprendente di accrescere il suo vocabolario e di conseguenza aumentare anche la sua capacità di fare inferenze e di riflettere sulla lingua.  Derivational morphology: application implications on teaching italian L2/LS   Laura Mantovani    This article focuses on the analysis and use of derivational morphology and the resulting possible application implications on teaching Italian as a L2/LS. After a brief introduction on derivational morphology, we examine three texts, one scientific, one literary and one journalistic, in order to highlight specific aspects of derivational morphology in the languages of medicine, chemistry, newspapers, literature and, where possible, the differences in the use and implementation of  derivations. Discussions of the texts analyzed underscore how the practice of "derivational" teaching allows learners to increase their vocabulary and consequently also increase their ability to make inferences and reflect on the language. 

  18. Lossless compression of hyperspectral images using hybrid context prediction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liang, Yuan; Li, Jianping; Guo, Ke

    2012-03-26

    In this letter a new algorithm for lossless compression of hyperspectral images using hybrid context prediction is proposed. Lossless compression algorithms are typically divided into two stages, a decorrelation stage and a coding stage. The decorrelation stage supports both intraband and interband predictions. The intraband (spatial) prediction uses the median prediction model, since the median predictor is fast and efficient. The interband prediction uses hybrid context prediction. The hybrid context prediction is the combination of a linear prediction (LP) and a context prediction. Finally, the residual image of hybrid context prediction is coded by the arithmetic coding. We compare the proposed lossless compression algorithm with some of the existing algorithms for hyperspectral images such as 3D-CALIC, M-CALIC, LUT, LAIS-LUT, LUT-NN, DPCM (C-DPCM), JPEG-LS. The performance of the proposed lossless compression algorithm is evaluated. Simulation results show that our algorithm achieves high compression ratios with low complexity and computational cost.

  19. Mass and orbit constraints of the gamma-ray binary LS 5039

    CERN Document Server

    Szalai, T; Kiss, L L; Matthews, J M; Vinkó, J; Kiss, Cs

    2011-01-01

    We present the results of space-based photometric and ground-based spectroscopic observing campaigns on the gamma-ray binary LS 5039. The new orbital and physical parameters of the system are similar to former results, except we found a lower eccentricity. Our MOST-data show that any broad-band optical photometric variability at the orbital period is below the 2 mmag level. Light curve simulations support the lower value of eccentricity and imply that the mass of the compact object is higher than 1.8 solar masses.

  20. Longitudinal Maps of Mars’ O2 (singlet Delta) Emission for Ls=72.5° and Ls=88.0°

    Science.gov (United States)

    Novak, Robert E.; Mumma, Michael J.; Villanueva, Geronimo L.

    2015-11-01

    We report longitudinal maps of the O2 (singlet Delta) emission rate (a tracer for high-altitude ozone) taken at two seasonal points, Ls=72.5° (03 April 2010) and Ls=88.0° (10 February 2014) using CSHELL at NASA’s IRTF. On these dates, the entrance slit of the spectrometer was positioned E-W on Mars centered at the sub-Earth point, but, on 10 Feb 2014 additional spectra were taken with the slit positioned 3 arc seconds North of the sub-Earth point. On both dates, spectral/spatial images (near 1.27 microns) were repeatedly taken over a four-hour period. Spectral extracts from these images were taken at 0.6 arcsec intervals along the slit. A model consisting of solar continuum with Fraunhofer lines, two-way transmission through Mars’ atmosphere, and a one-way transmission through the Earth’s atmosphere was used to isolate and analyze individual spectral lines. Boltzmann analysis of these lines yielded the rotational temperature (~175 K) that was used to determine the total emission rate from the measured lines.The slit on 03 Apr 2010 crossed the morning terminator, yielding measurements between 06:00-14:00 Local Time; on 10 Feb 2014, the slit went through the evening terminator (10:00-18:00 LT). For both dates, data were taken over a four-hour interval in UT. When displayed versus local time, the extracted emission rates reveal similar patterns of growth before mid-day and of decline before sunset, regardless of surface topography. The measured emission rates, that peak after noon local time, depend on the angles to both Sun and Earth. The post-noon emission rates (10 Feb 2014), vary with latitude, because they depend on the location of the hygropause.This work was partially funded by grants from NASA's Planetary Astronomy Program (344-32-51-96), NASA’s Astrobiology Program (344-53-51), and the NSF-RUI Program (AST-805540). We thank the administration and staff of the NASA-IRTF for awarding observing times and coordinating our observations.

  1. Phenotypic patterns of MELAS/LS overlap syndrome associated with m.13513G>A mutation, and neuropathological findings in one autopsy case.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Zhaoxia; Qi, Xiao Kun; Yao, Sheng; Chen, Bin; Luan, Xinghua; Zhang, Wei; Han, Manfu; Yuan, Yun

    2010-12-01

    The 13513G>A mutation in the ND5 gene of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) is usually associated with mitochondrial encephalomyopathy with lactate acidosis and stroke-like episodes (MELAS), or Leigh syndrome (LS). In this study, we describe three young Chinese patients with MELAS/LS overlap syndrome who carried the m.13513G>A mutation. Clinical and MRI features were characteristic of both MELAS and LS. Interestingly, the clinical presentation of this overlap syndrome could be variable depending on the degree of relative contribution of MELAS and LS, that is, MELAS as the initial presenting syndrome, LS as the predominant syndrome, or both MELAS and LS appearing at the same time. The final brain MRI showed findings characteristic of both MELAS and LS, with asymmetrical lesions in the cortex and subcortical white matter of the occipital, temporal, and frontal lobes (MELAS), and bilateral and symmetrical lesions in the basal ganglia and brainstem (LS). Brain autopsy in one case revealed infarct-like lesions in the cerebral cortex, basal ganglia and brainstem, providing further insight into the distribution of the pathological lesions in MELAS/LS overlap syndrome. This is the first report of the brain pathological changes in a patient with m.13513G>A mutation. The spatial distribution of infarct-like lesions in the brain could explain the symptoms in MELAS/LS overlap syndrome.

  2. The successful completion of LS1, consolidation and preparations for the future

    CERN Multimedia

    Antonella Del Rosso

    2014-01-01

    For CERN’s Technology (TE) Department, success in LS1 is more important than finishing. In other words, the aim is to reach the finish line having maintained the highest standards of safety, quality and performance. Other challenges need to be faced too, before, during and after LS1, and the Department always approaches them with optimism. The new Department Head tells us how his 750 colleagues work to keep the Laboratory at the cutting edge of high-energy physics technology.   José Miguel Jiménez. “We can only grow once we’ve stabilised our base.” The message presented by José Miguel Jiménez, who stepped into the role of TE Department Head in January 2014, is clear, as are his priorities going forward: “The Technology Department needs to be consolidated in terms of both its personnel and its assembly and test infrastructures, some of which are unique.” The TE Department is tasked with pr...

  3. Docosahexaenoic acid suppresses arachidonic acid-induced proliferation of LS-174T human colon carcinoma cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Piet Habbel; Karsten H Weylandt; Katja Lichopoj; Johannes Nowak; Martin Purschke; Jing-Dong Wang; Cheng-Wei He; Daniel C Baumgart; Jing X Kang

    2009-01-01

    AIM: To investigate the impact of arachidonic acid (AA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and their combination on colon cancer cell growth.METHODS: The LS-174T colon cancer cell line was used to study the role of the prostaglandin precursor AA and the omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid DHA on cell growth. Cell viability was assessed in XTT assays. For analysis of cell cycle and cell death, flow cytometry and DAPI staining were applied. Expression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), p21 and bcl-2 in cells incubated with AA or DHA was examined by real-time RT-PCR. Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) generation in the presence of AA and DHA was measured using a PGE2ELISA.RESULTS: AA increased cell growth, whereas DHA reduced viability of LS 174T cells in a time- and dosedependent manner. Furthermore, DHA down- regulated mRNA of bcl-2 and up-regulated p21. Interestingly,DHA was able to suppress AA-induced cell proliferation and significantly lowered AA-derived PGE2 formation.DHA also down-regulated COX-2 expression. In addition to the effect on PGE2 formation, DHA directly reduced PGE2-induced cell proliferation in a dosedependent manner.CONCLUSION: These results suggest that DHA can inhibit the pro-proliferative effect of abundant AA or PGE2.

  4. VERITAS Observations of the TeV Binary LS I +61 303 During 2008-2010

    CERN Document Server

    Acciari, V A; Arlen, T; Aune, T; Beilicke, M; Benbow, W; Bradbury, S M; Buckley, J H; Bugaev, V; Byrum, K; Cannon, A; Cesarini, A; Ciupik, L; Collins-Hughes, E; Connolly, M P; Cui, W; Dickherber, R; Duke, C; Errando, M; Falcone, A; Finley, J P; Finnegan, G; Fortson, L; Furniss, A; Galante, N; Gall, D; Gillanders, G H; Godambe, S; Griffin, S; Grube, J; Guenette, R; Gyuk, G; Hanna, D; Holder, J; Hughes, G; Hui, C M; Humensky, T B; Kaaret, P; Karlsson, N; Kertzman, M; Kieda, D; Krawczynski, H; Krennrich, F; Lang, M J; LeBohec, S; Maier, G; Majumdar, P; McArthur, S; McCann, A; Moriarty, P; Mukherjee, R; Ong, R A; Orr, M; Otte, A N; Park, N; Perkins, J S; Pohl, M; Prokoph, H; Quinn, J; Ragan, K; Reyes, L C; Reynolds, P T; Roache, E; Rose, H J; Ruppel, J; Saxon, D B; Schroedter, M; Sembroski, G H; Senturk, G Demet; Smith, A W; Staszak, D; Tesic, G; Theiling, M; Thibadeau, S; Tsurusaki, K; Varlotta, A; Vassiliev, V V; Vincent, S; Vivier, M; Wakely, S P; Ward, J E; Weekes, T C; Weinstein, A; Weisgarber, T; Williams, D A; Zitzer, B

    2011-01-01

    We present the results of observations of the TeV binary LS I +61 303 with the VERITAS telescope array between 2008 and 2010, at energies above 300 GeV. In the past, both ground-based gamma-ray telescopes VERITAS and MAGIC have reported detections of TeV emission near the apastron phases of the binary orbit. The observations presented here show no strong evidence for TeV emission during these orbital phases; however, during observations taken in late 2010, significant emission was detected from the source close to the phase of superior conjunction (much closer to periastron passage) at a 5.6 standard deviation (5.6 sigma) post-trials significance. In total, between October 2008 and December 2010 a total exposure of 64.5 hours was accumulated with VERITAS on LS I +61 303, resulting in an excess at the 3.3 sigma significance level for constant emission over the entire integrated dataset. The flux upper limits derived for emission during the previously reliably active TeV phases (i.e. close to apastron) are less...

  5. LS1 to LHC Report: LHC key handed back to Operations

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Bulletin

    2015-01-01

    This week, after 23 months of hard work involving about 1000 people every day, the key to the LHC was symbolically handed back to the Operations team. The first long shutdown is over and the machine is getting ready for a restart that will bring its beam to full energy in early spring.   Katy Foraz, LS1 activities coordinator, symbolically hands the LHC key to the operations team, represented, left to right, by Jorg Wenninger, Mike Lamont and Mirko Pojer. All the departments, all the machines and all the experimental areas were involved in the first long shutdown of the LHC that began in February 2013. Over the last two years, the Bulletin has closely followed  all the work and achievements that had been carefully included in the complex general schedule drawn up and managed by the team led by Katy Foraz from the Engineering Department. “The work on the schedule began two years before the start of LS1 and one of the first things we realised was that there was no commercial...

  6. VERITAS observations of exceptionally bright TeV flares from LS I +61$^\\circ$ 303

    CERN Document Server

    de Bhroithe, Anna O'Faolain

    2015-01-01

    The very-high-energy (VHE; E > 100 GeV) gamma-ray experiment, VERITAS, detected exceptionally bright flares from the high-mass X-ray binary LS I +61$^\\circ$ 303 during the period October-December 2014. LS I +61$^\\circ$ 303 is a known VHE gamma-ray source, the flux from which varies strongly with the orbital period of ~26.5 days. The maximum VHE flux is found around apastron (orbital phase ~0.6) at a level typically corresponding to 10-15% of the Crab Nebula flux (>300 GeV). During these most recent observations, relatively short (day scale), bright TeV flares were observed from the source around apastron in two orbital cycles (October and November). Both cases exhibited peak fluxes above 25% of the Crab Nebula flux (>300 GeV), making these the brightest VHE flares ever detected from this source. In the last orbital cycle observed (December), the source had returned to its historical level of activity. The results of these VERITAS observations from 2014 will be presented.

  7. Signal Simulation and Experimental Research on Acoustic Emission using LS-DYNA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhang Jianchao

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available To calculate sound wave velocity, we performed the Hsu-Nielsen lead break experiment using the ANSYS/LS-DYNA finite element software. First, we identified the key problems in the finite element analysis, such as selecting the exciting force, dividing the grid density, and setting the calculation steps. Second, we established the finite element model of the sound wave transmission in a plate under the lead break simulation. Results revealed not only the transmission characteristics of the sound wave but also the simulation and calculation of the transmission velocity of the longitudinal and transverse waves through the time travel curve of the vibration velocity of the sound wave at various nodes. Finally, the Hsu-Nielsen lead break experiment was implemented. The results of the theoretical calculation and simulation analysis were consistent with the experimental results, thus demonstrating that the research method using the ANSYS/LS-DYNA software to simulate sound wave transmissions in acoustic emission experiments is feasible and effective.

  8. Dynamic Impact Tolerance of Shuttle RCC Leading Edge Panels using LS-DYNA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fasanella, Edwin; Jackson, Karen E.; Lyle, Karen H.; Jones, Lisa E.; Hardy, Robin C.; Spellman, Regina L.; Carney, Kelly S.; Melis, Matthew E.; Stockwell, Alan E.

    2008-01-01

    This paper describes a research program conducted to enable accurate prediction of the impact tolerance of the shuttle Orbiter leading-edge wing panels using 'physics-based- codes such as LS-DYNA, a nonlinear, explicit transient dynamic finite element code. The shuttle leading-edge panels are constructed of Reinforced-Carbon-Carbon (RCC) composite material, which issued because of its thermal properties to protect the shuttle during re-entry into the Earth's atmosphere. Accurate predictions of impact damage from insulating foam and other debris strikes that occur during launch required materials characterization of expected debris, including strain-rate effects. First, analytical models of individual foam and RCC materials were validated. Next, analytical models of individual foam cylinders impacting 6-in. x 6-in. RCC flat plates were developed and validated. LS-DYNA pre-test models of the RCC flat plate specimens established the impact velocity of the test for three damage levels: no-detectable damage, non-destructive evaluation (NDE) detectable damage, or visible damage such as a through crack or hole. Finally, the threshold of impact damage for RCC on representative Orbiter wing panels was predicted for both a small through crack and for NDE-detectable damage.

  9. Gamma-ray binaries beyond one-zone models: an application to LS 5039

    CERN Document Server

    del Palacio, Santiago; Romero, Gustavo E

    2014-01-01

    Context. Several binary systems hosting massive stars present gamma-ray emission. In most of these systems, despite detailed observational information is available, the nature and the structure of the emitter are still poorly known. Aims. We investigate the validity of the so-called one-zone approximation for the high-energy emitter in binary systems hosting a massive star. In particular, the case of LS 5039 is considered. Methods. Assuming a point-like emitter at rest, the presence of a nearby massive star, and taking as a reference the observed MeV and GeV fluxes, a non-thermal leptonic model is systematically applied for di?erent locations, magnetic fields, and non-radiative losses. This allows the identification of both the emitter configurations most compatible with observations and inconsistencies between model predictions and the available data. Results. In the case of LS 5039, the best parameter combination is fast non-radiative cooling and a low magnetic field. However, discrepancies appear when comp...

  10. PC-LabView Based Control System in SAGA-LS

    CERN Document Server

    Ohgaki, Hideaki; Koda, Shigeru; Takabayashi, Yuichi; Tomimasu, Takio; Toyokawa, Hiroyuki; Yoshida, Katuhide

    2005-01-01

    A control system for SAGA Synchrotron Light Source (SAGA-LS) has been constructed. SAGA-LS is a small-medium size light source and is run by local government, which means there are a few number of staff in the laboratory. Thus the control system must be simple and robust, while inexpensive, easy to develop and maintain. The basic ideas of the system are 1) using PCs to build a low cost control system, 2) using off-shelf devices, FieldPoint (National Instrument) and PLCs, (FA-M3, Yokogawa), for robust and replaceable system, 3) using LabView for a quick in-house system development, 4) using channel access protocol between server and client to transparent from regular EPICS utilities, 5) using ActiveX CA to emulate the CA protocol. About 1,000 PVs are employed to control the magnet power supplies, the RF control sub-system, vacuum monitors, BPM data and several LCW data. The system has been operated and tuned at the beginning of the commissioning, spring 2004. MySQL database system also archives data to assist ...

  11. The nature of LS 5039 under the scrutiny of gamma-rays

    CERN Document Server

    Torres, Diego F

    2008-01-01

    Several gamma-ray binaries have been recently detected by the High-Energy Stereoscopy Array (H.E.S.S.) and the Major Atmospheric Imaging Cerenkov (MAGIC) telescope. In two cases, their nature is unknown, since a final observational feature for a black hole or a pulsar compact object companion is still missing. One such system is LS 5039. Here we present results from a model (it includes a detailed account of the system geometry, the angular dependence of processes such as Klein-Nishina inverse Compton and gamma-gamma absorption, and a Monte Carlo simulation of cascading) of the high energy phenomenology of LS 5039 in which it is assumed that the companion object is a pulsar rotating around an O6.5V star in the 3.9 days orbit. We show that the H.E.S.S. phenomenology at all scales (spectra along the orbit in both broad and short phase-bins and lightcurve) is described within this model. We focus on presenting predictions for photons with lower energies (for E>1 GeV), subject to test in the forthcoming months wi...

  12. Exploring the connection between the stellar wind and the non-thermal emission in LS 5039

    CERN Document Server

    Bosch-Ramon, V; Ribó, M; De Oliveira, R L; Janot-Pacheco, E; Negueruela, I; Paredes, J M; Martocchia, A

    2007-01-01

    New xmm observations have been performed around periastron and apastron passages in September 2005, during an epoch of presumably enhanced O star wind. Also, 2005 Chandra observations on LS 5039 are revisited. Moreover, a compilation of the Halpha EW and rxte/ASM X-ray count rate obtained since the 1990s is carried out, being both quantities compared with each other and also with historical radio data. xmm observations show higher and harder emission around apastron than around periastron. No signatures of thermal emission or a reflection iron line indicating the presence of an accretion disk are found in the spectrum, and the hydrogen column density (N_H) is compatible with a constant and with the interstellar value in both observations. The hardness ratio and the count rate seem uncorrelated at periastron and may be correlated at apastron. We find that LS 5039 was bright and hard in 2005 chandra observations. The ASM count rate shows changes by a ~80% on year timescales, and the Halpha EW shows yearly varia...

  13. Forging of Naval Brass (ASTM B16) - Finite Element Analysis using Ls Dyna

    Science.gov (United States)

    Subha Sankari, T.; Sangavi, S.; Paneerselvam, T.; Venkatraman, R.; Venkatesan, M.

    2016-09-01

    Forging is one of the important manufacturing process in which products like connecting rod, transmission shaft, clutch hubs and gears are produced. Finite element analysis (FEA) in forming techniques is of recent interest for the optimal design and determination of right manufacturing forming process. The data from the numerical results can help in providing the information for selecting the ideal process conditions. Thus aside from experimental values, simulation by the finite element analysis software's such as LS DYNA can be used for the analysis of strain distribution in forging processes. In the present work, Finite element simulation of open die forging of naval brass (ASTM B16) is done at an optimal temperature. An advanced multi physics simulation software package by the Livermore software technology cooperation LSTC - LS DYNA is utilized for the simulation of forging process. For the forging validation, experiment is conducted with a cylindrical billet having height 45 mm and diameter of 40mm. The numerical results are compared with that of experimental results carried out at the same temperature and dimensions for validation. The distribution of strain is analyzed. Energy analysis due to impact load is detailed. The simulation results are found to be in good agreement with the experimental results.

  14. Non-local potentials with LS terms in algebraic scattering theory

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Levay, Peter [Department of Theoretical Physics, Institute of Physics, Technical University of Budapest, Budapest (Hungary)

    1997-10-21

    The group theoretical analysis of Coulomb scattering based on the SO(3,1) group is revisited. Using matrix-valued differential operators, modifying the angular momentum and the Runge-Lenz vector used hitherto for the realization of the so(3,1) (Lorentz) algebra, we obtain a three-dimensional solvable two-channel scattering problem. The interaction term besides the Coulomb potential contains a non-local potential of LS-type. Using the momentum representation the S-matrix can be calculated analytically. By employing a canonical transformation, another solvable three-dimensional scattering problem is found, in agreement with the expectations of algebraic scattering theory. The potential in this case is of Poeschl-Teller type with an LS term. It is also pointed out that our matrix-valued realization of the so(3,1) algebra can be cast to an instructive form with the help of su(2) gauge fields. An interesting connection between gauge transformations and supersymmetry transformations of supersymmetric quantum mechanics is also observed. These results enable us to construct other solvable scattering problems by using su(2) gauge transformations. (author)

  15. Understanding the periodicities in radio and GeV emission from LS I+61303

    CERN Document Server

    Jaron, F; Massi, M

    2016-01-01

    Accretion models predict two ejections along the eccentric orbit of LS I +61 303: one major ejection at periastron and a second, lower ejection towards apastron. We develop a physical model for LS I +61 303 in which relativistic electrons are ejected twice along the orbit. The ejecta form a conical jet that is precessing with P2. The jet radiates in the radio band by the synchrotron process and the jet radiates in the GeV energy band by the external inverse Compton and synchrotron self-Compton processes. We compare the output fluxes of our physical model with two available large archives: OVRO radio and Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT) GeV observations, the two databases overlapping for five years. The larger ejection around periastron passage results in a slower jet, and severe inverse Compton losses result in the jet also being short. While large gamma-ray emission is produced, there is only negligible radio emission. Our results are that the periastron jet has a length of 3.0 10^6 rs and a velocity beta ~ ...

  16. Decon2LS: An open-source software package for automated processing and visualization of high resolution mass spectrometry data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anderson Gordon A

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Data generated from liquid chromatography coupled to high-resolution mass spectrometry (LC-MS-based studies of a biological sample can contain large amounts of biologically significant information in the form of proteins, peptides, and metabolites. Interpreting this data involves inferring the masses and abundances of biomolecules injected into the instrument. Because of the inherent complexity of mass spectral patterns produced by these biomolecules, the analysis is significantly enhanced by using visualization capabilities to inspect and confirm results. In this paper we describe Decon2LS, an open-source software package for automated processing and visualization of high-resolution MS data. Drawing extensively on algorithms developed over the last ten years for ICR2LS, Decon2LS packages the algorithms as a rich set of modular, reusable processing classes for performing diverse functions such as reading raw data, routine peak finding, theoretical isotope distribution modelling, and deisotoping. Because the source code is openly available, these functionalities can now be used to build derivative applications in relatively fast manner. In addition, Decon2LS provides an extensive set of visualization tools, such as high performance chart controls. Results With a variety of options that include peak processing, deisotoping, isotope composition, etc, Decon2LS supports processing of multiple raw data formats. Deisotoping can be performed on an individual scan, an individual dataset, or on multiple datasets using batch processing. Other processing options include creating a two dimensional view of mass and liquid chromatography (LC elution time features, generating spectrum files for tandem MS data, creating total intensity chromatograms, and visualizing theoretical peptide profiles. Application of Decon2LS to deisotope different datasets obtained across different instruments yielded a high number of features that can be used to

  17. A forecasting and forewarning model for methane hazard in working face of coal mine based on LS-SVM

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CAO Shu-gang; LIU Yan-bao; WANG Yan-ping

    2008-01-01

    To improve the precision and reliability in predicting methane hazard in working face of coal mine, we have proposed a forecasting and forewarning model for methane hazard based on the least square support vector (LS-SVM) multi-classifier and regression machine. For the forecasting model, the methane concentration can be considered as a nonlinear time series and the time series analysis method is adopted to predict the change in methane concentration using LS-SVM regression. For the forewarning model, which is based on the forecasting results, by the multi-classification method of LS-SVM, the methane hazard was identified to four grades: normal, attention, warning and danger. According to the forewarning results, corresponding measures are taken. The model was used to forecast and forewarn the K9 working face. The results obtained by LS-SVM regression show that the forecast- ing have a high precision and forewarning results based on a LS-SVM multi-classifier are credible. Therefore, it is an effective model building method for continuous prediction of methane concentration and hazard forewarning in working face.

  18. Refractive outcomes comparison between the Lenstar LS 900® optical biometry and immersion A-scan ultrasound.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naicker, Palanyraj; Sundralingam, Siva; Peyman, Mohammadreza; Juana, Azida; Mohamad, Nor Fadhilah; Win, Maung Maung; Loo, Angela; Subrayan, Visvaraja

    2015-08-01

    To determine the accuracy of intraocular lens (IOL) calculations in eyes undergoing phacoemulsification cataract surgery with IOL implantation using immersion A-scan ultrasound (US) and Lenstar LS 900(®) biometry. In this prospective study, 200 eyes of 200 patients were randomized to undergo either Lenstar LS 900(®) or immersion A-scan US biometry to determine the IOL dioptric power prior to phacoemulsification cataract surgery. Post-operative refractive outcomes of these two groups of patients were compared. The result showed no significant difference between the target spherical equivalent (SE) and the post-operative SE value by the Lenstar LS 900(®) (p value = 0.632) or immersion A-scan US biometry (p value = 0.438) devices. The magnitude of difference between the two biometric devices were not significantly different (p value = 0.868). There was no significant difference in the predicted post-operative refractive outcome between immersion A-scan US biometry and Lenstar LS 900(®). Based on the results, the immersion A-scan US technique is as accurate as Lenstar LS 900(®) in the hands of an experienced operator.

  19. A new ganglioside in human meconium detected by antiserum against the human milk sialyloligosaccharide, LS-tetrasaccharide b.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prieto, P A; Smith, D F

    1985-08-15

    Antibodies directed against human milk sialyloligosaccharides [D. F. Smith and V. Ginsburg (1980) J. Biol. Chem. 255, 55-59] are used to identify human meconium gangliosides by radioimmuneoverlay-thin-layer chromatography or by direct binding on nitrocellulose filters of sialyl[3H]oligosaccharide alditols obtained from gangliosides after ozonolysis and alkali-fragmentation. Thin-layer chromatograms of meconium monosialylgangliosides immunostained with rabbit antisera specific for LS-tetrasaccharide c (NeuAc alpha 2-6Gal beta 1-4GlcNAc beta 1-3Gal beta 1-4Glc) or LS-tetrasaccharide b (Gal beta 1-3[NeuAc alpha 2-6]GlcNAc beta 1-3Gal beta 1-4Glc) reveal their corresponding gangliosides, 6'-LM1 and a previously undescribed ceramide derivative of LS-tetrasaccharide b, respectively. The sialyl[3H]oligosaccharides derived from the monosialylganglioside fraction of meconium are separated by paper chromatography and assayed for binding to specific anti-sialyloligosaccharide sera. Antisera specific for LS-tetrasaccharide c and 3'-sialyllactose (NeuAc alpha 2-3Gal beta 1-4Glc) identify their corresponding 3H-labeled haptens released from the major meconium gangliosides 6'-LM1 and GM3, respectively. Binding of a ganglioside-derived sialyl[3H]oligosaccharide by anti-LS-tetrasaccharide b serum is consistent with the presence in meconium of a monosialylganglioside with the following proposed structure: (formula; see text)

  20. Hybrid Metaheuristics

    CERN Document Server

    2013-01-01

    The main goal of this book is to provide a state of the art of hybrid metaheuristics. The book provides a complete background that enables readers to design and implement hybrid metaheuristics to solve complex optimization problems (continuous/discrete, mono-objective/multi-objective, optimization under uncertainty) in a diverse range of application domains. Readers learn to solve large scale problems quickly and efficiently combining metaheuristics with complementary metaheuristics, mathematical programming, constraint programming and machine learning. Numerous real-world examples of problems and solutions demonstrate how hybrid metaheuristics are applied in such fields as networks, logistics and transportation, bio-medical, engineering design, scheduling.

  1. 基于小波变换和LS-SVM的短期风速预测方法%SHORT TERM WIND SPEED PREDICTION BASED ON WAVELET TRANSFORM AND LS-SVM

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩晓娟; 曹慧; 李勇; 肖运启; 唐晓

    2011-01-01

    Aiming at the periodicity and non-stability of the wind speed change, a wind speed prediction model for wind farm based on wavelet and LS-SVM was proposed in this paper, in which wind speed sequence was decomposed by multi-resolution analysis method of wavelet transform and was reflected to different spaces. Combining with the characteristic of the strong learning ability and computation ability of LS-SVM' s for small sample, the sub-sequences after wavelet decomposing were trained and tested by LS-SVM and the final wind speed prediction values could be yielded by the linearity superposition for each prediction result. Compared with LS-SVM, the method proposed in this paper can obviously improve the prediction accuracy of short term wind speed and has strong adaptability as well as quite bright prospect for engineering applications.%针对风速序列的周期性和非平稳性,提出了基于小波变换和LS-SVM相结合的风电场风速预测模型,利用小波变换的多分辩分析法对风速序列进行分解,将风速序列投影到不同尺度上.结合LS-SVM的小样本学习能力强和计算简单等特点,将小波分解后的各风速子序列分别采用LS-SVM进行训练和预测,最后将各预测结果进行叠加得到最终的风速预测值.与LS-SVM风速预测方法进行比较,采用该文提出的方法可明显提高短期风速预测的精度,并具有较强的适应性,具有一定的工程应用前景.最后通过具体实例验证了该模型的有效性.

  2. 回归系数LS估计的改进%Improvement of LS Estimation in Regression Coefficients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵丽棉; 黄基廷

    2011-01-01

    This paper discusses the influence of multicollinearity on the LS estimate.When multicollinearity exists,comparing the LS estimate with the principal component estimate,there is a smaller mean square error.And then some examples are given to demonstrate the methods and steps by which the principal component estimate is used to improve the LS estimation.%论述了复共线性对LS估计的影响,复共线性存在时主成分估计比LS估计有较小均方误差.通过实例说明利用主成分估计对LS估计改进的方法与步骤.

  3. Application of PC-ANN and PC-LS-SVM in QSAR of CCR1 antagonist compounds: a comparative study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shahlaei, Mohsen; Fassihi, Afshin; Saghaie, Lotfollah

    2010-04-01

    Principal component regression (PCR), principal component-artificial neural network (PC-ANN), and principal component-least squares-support vector machine (PC-LS-SVM) as regression methods were investigated for building quantitative structure-activity relationships for the prediction of inhibitory activity of some CCR1 antagonists. Nonlinear methods (PC-ANN and PC-LS-SVM) were better than the PCR method considerably in the goodness of fit and predictivity parameters and other criteria for evaluation of the proposed model. These results reflect a nonlinear relationship between the principal components obtained from molecular descriptors and the inhibitory activity of this set of molecules. The maximum variance in activity of the molecules, in PCR method was 45.5%, whereas nonlinear methods, PC-ANN and PC-LS-SVM, could explain more than 93.7% and 95.6% variance in activity data respectively.

  4. Performance demonstration of 4πβ(LS)-γ coincidence counting system for standardization of radionuclides with complex decay scheme.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kulkarni, D B; Anuradha, R; Joseph, Leena; Kulkarni, M S; Tomar, B S

    2016-02-01

    A standardization of (134)Cs and (131)I was carried out in order to demonstrate the performance and applicability of the 4πβ(LS)-γ coincidence counting system for standardization of radionuclides with complex decay scheme. The coincidence analyzer, capable of analyzing coincidence between beta and two gamma windows simultaneously, was developed and used for the standardization. The use of this dual coincidence analyzer has reduced the total experimental time by half. The activity concentrations obtained using the 4πβ(LS)-γ coincidence counting system, a 4πβ(PC)-γ coincidence counting system, and the CIEMAT/NIST method are in excellent agreement with each other within uncertainty limits and hence demonstrates its performance for standardization of radionuclides decaying with complex decay scheme. Hence use of this 4πβ(LS)-γ coincidence counting system can be an alternative method suitable to standardize radionuclides with complex decay scheme with acceptable precision.

  5. Latvijas Studentu apvienības tēls nacionālajos drukātajos medijos

    OpenAIRE

    Upleja, Aija

    2012-01-01

    Bakalaura darba „Latvijas Studentu apvienības tēls nacionālajos drukātajos medijos” mērķis ir noteikt, kāds ir Latvijas Studentu apvienības (LSA) tēls nacionālajos drukātajos medijos „Diena”, „Latvijas Avīze”, „Neatkarīgā Rīta Avīze”. Pētnieciskais jautājums ir noskaidrot, kāds ir LSA tēls nacionālajos drukātajos medijos un Latvijas Universitātes studentu vidū. Darbā aplūkota organizāciju ārējā komunikācija un komunikācijas modeļi kopumā, Hunta un Gruninga Ekselences teorija, Latvijas...

  6. Hybrid intermediaries

    OpenAIRE

    Cetorelli, Nicola

    2014-01-01

    I introduce the concept of hybrid intermediaries: financial conglomerates that control a multiplicity of entity types active in the "assembly line" process of modern financial intermediation, a system that has become known as shadow banking. The complex bank holding companies of today are the best example of hybrid intermediaries, but I argue that financial firms from the "nonbank" space can just as easily evolve into conglomerates with similar organizational structure, thus acquiring the cap...

  7. Hybrid composites

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Jacob John, Maya

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available effect was observed for the elongation at break of the hybrid composites. The impact strength of the hybrid composites increased with the addition of glass fibres. The tensile and impact properties of thermoplastic natural rubber reinforced short... panels made from conventional structural materials. Figure 3 illustrates the performance of cellular biocomposite panels against conventional systems used for building and residential construction, namely a pre- cast pre-stressed hollow core concrete...

  8. Comparison of different multiple flow algorithms for topographic RUSLE factor (LS) calculation in Switzerland

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bircher, Pascal; Liniger, Hanspeter; Prasuhn, Volker

    2016-04-01

    Soil erosion is a well-known challenge both from a global perspective and in Switzerland, and it is assessed and discussed in many projects (e.g. national or European erosion risk maps). Meaningful assessment of soil erosion requires models that adequately reflect surface water flows. Various studies have attempted to achieve better modelling results by including multiple flow algorithms in the topographic length and slope factor (LS-factor) of the Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation (RUSLE). The choice of multiple flow algorithms is wide, and many of them have been implemented in programs or tools like Saga-Gis, GrassGis, ArcGIS, ArcView, Taudem, and others. This study compares six different multiple flow algorithms with the aim of identifying a suitable approach to calculating the LS factor for a new soil erosion risk map of Switzerland. The comparison of multiple flow algorithms is part of a broader project to model soil erosion for the entire agriculturally used area in Switzerland and to renew and optimize the current erosion risk map of Switzerland (ERM2). The ERM2 was calculated in 2009, using a high resolution digital elevation model (2 m) and a multiple flow algorithm in ArcView. This map has provided the basis for enforcing soil protection regulations since 2010 and has proved its worth in practice, but it has become outdated (new basic data are now available, e.g. data on land use change, a new rainfall erosivity map, a new digital elevation model, etc.) and is no longer user friendly (ArcView). In a first step towards its renewal, a new data set from the Swiss Federal Office of Topography (Swisstopo) was used to generate the agricultural area based on the existing field block map. A field block is an area consisting of farmland, pastures, and meadows which is bounded by hydrological borders such as streets, forests, villages, surface waters, etc. In our study, we compared the six multiple flow algorithms with the LS factor calculation approach used in

  9. Synthesis and Physical Properties of Polyhydroxyalkanoate Polymers with Different Monomer Compositions by Recombinant Pseudomonas putida LS46 Expressing a Novel PHA SYNTHASE (PhaC116 Enzyme

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Parveen K. Sharma

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available A recombinant of Pseudomonas putida LS461 (deletion of the phaC1phaZphaC2 genes was constructed by introducing cosmid JC123 carrying a novel phaC116 gene from a metagenomic clone. The resulting strain, P. putida LS46123, was able to synthesize polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA polymers with novel monomer compositions when cultured on glucose or free fatty acids, and accumulated PHAs from 9.24% to 27.09% of cell dry weight. The PHAs synthesized by P. putida LS46123 contained up to 50 mol % short chain length subunits (3-hydroxybutyrate and 3-hydroxyvalerate, with the remaining monomers consisting of various medium chain length subunits. The PhaC116 protein expressed by P. putida LS46123 had an amino acid sequence similarity of 45% with the PhaC1 protein of the parent strain, P. putida LS46. Predicted 3D structures of the PhaC116 proteins from P. putida LS46123 and P. putida LS46 revealed several differences in the numbers and locations of protein secondary structures. The physical and thermal properties of the novel polymers synthesized by P. putida LS46123 cultured with glucose or free fatty acids differed significantly from those produced by P. putida LS46 grown on the same substrates. PHA polymers with different subunit compositions, and hence different physical and thermal properties, can be tailor-made using novel PHA synthase for specific applications.

  10. Synthesis and characterization of sulfonate polystyrene-lignosulfonate-alumina (SPS-LS-Al2O3) polyblends as electrolyte membranes for fuel cell

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonggo, Siang Tandi

    2015-09-01

    The new type of electrolyte membrane materials has been prepared by blend sulfonated polystyrene (SPS), lignosulfonate (LS), and alumina (SPS-LS-Al2O3) by casting polymer solution. The resulting polymer electrolyte membranes were then characterized by functional groups analysis, mechanical properties, water uptake, ion exchange capacity, and proton conductivity. SPS-LS-Al2O3 membranes with alumina composition various have been proven qualitatively by analysis of functional groups. Increasing the Al2O3 ratio resulted in higher ion exchange capacity (IEC), mechanical strength and proton conductivity, but water uptake decreased. The SPS-LS-Al2O3 blend showed higher proton conductivity than Nafion 117.

  11. Determination of fetal state from cardiotocogram using LS-SVM with particle swarm optimization and binary decision tree.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yılmaz, Ersen; Kılıkçıer, Cağlar

    2013-01-01

    We use least squares support vector machine (LS-SVM) utilizing a binary decision tree for classification of cardiotocogram to determine the fetal state. The parameters of LS-SVM are optimized by particle swarm optimization. The robustness of the method is examined by running 10-fold cross-validation. The performance of the method is evaluated in terms of overall classification accuracy. Additionally, receiver operation characteristic analysis and cobweb representation are presented in order to analyze and visualize the performance of the method. Experimental results demonstrate that the proposed method achieves a remarkable classification accuracy rate of 91.62%.

  12. Radial velocity measurements of the pulsating zirconium star: LS IV -14 116

    CERN Document Server

    Jeffery, C Simon; Neelamkodan, Naslim; Kerzendorf, Wolfgang

    2014-01-01

    The helium-rich hot subdwarf LS IV -14 116 shows remarkably high surface abundances of zirconium, yttrium, strontium, and germanium, indicative of strong chemical stratification in the photosphere. It also shows photometric behaviour indicative of non-radial g-mode pulsations, despite having surface properties inconsistent with any known pulsational instability zone. We have conducted a search for radial velocity variability. This has demonstrated that at least one photometric period is observable in several absorption lines as a radial velocity variation with a semi-amplitude in excess of 5 km s$^{-1}$. A correlation between line strength and pulsation amplitude provides evidence that the photosphere pulsates differentially. The ratio of light to velocity amplitude is too small to permit the largest amplitude oscillation to be radial.

  13. LS-based discrete-time adaptive nonlinear control——Feasibility and limitations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭雷; 魏晨Institute of Systems Science; Chinese Academy of Sciences; Beijing 100080; China

    1996-01-01

    Global stability and instability of a class of discrete-time adaptive nonlinear control systems are investigated.The systems to be controlled are assumed to be linear in unknown parameters but nonlinear in dynamics which are characterizEd by a nonlinear function f(x).It is shown that in the scalar parameter case,when the standard least-squares (LS) method is used in estimation,the certainty equivalence adaptive control is globally stable whenever f(x) has a growth rate |f(x)| =0(||x||b) with b<8.Moreover,in the case where b≥8,it is also shown that the dosed-loop adaptive control system does not have global stability in general.Both the results found and the new analytical methods introduced may be regarded as a basic step for further study of discrete-time adaptive nonlinear control systems.

  14. MIMO to LS-MIMO: A road to realization of 5G

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koppati, Naveena; Pavani, K.; Sharma, Dinesh; Sharma, Purnima K.

    2017-07-01

    MIMO means multiple inputs multiple outputs. As it refers MIMO is a RF technology used in many new technologies these days to increase link capacity and spectral efficiency. MIMO is used in Wi-Fi, LTE, 4G, 5G and other wireless technologies. This paper describes the earlier history of MIMO-OFDM and the antenna beam forming development in MIMO and types of MIMO. Also this treatise describes several decoding algorithms. The MIMO combined with OFDM increases the channel capacity. But the main problem is in estimating the transmitted signal from the received signal. So the channel knowledge is to be known in estimating the channel capacity. The advancement in MIMO-OFDM is Massive MIMO which is beneficial in providing additional data capacity in the increased traffic environment is described. In this memoir various application scenarios of LS-MIMO which increases the capacity are discussed.

  15. VERITAS Observations of the gamma-Ray Binary LS I +61 303

    CERN Document Server

    Acciari, V A; Blaylock, G; Bradbury, S M; Buckley, J H; Bugaev, V; Butt, Y; Byrum, K L; Celik, O; Cesarini, A; Ciupik, L; Chow, Y C K; Cogan, P; Colin, P; Cui, W; Daniel, M K; Duke, C; Ergin, T; Falcone, A D; Fegan, S J; Finley, J P; Fortin, P; Fortson, L F; Gall, D; Gibbs, K; Gillanders, G H; Guenette, J Grube R; Hanna, D; Hays, E; Holder, J; Horan, D; Hughes, S B; Hui, C M; Humensky, T B; Kaaret, Philip; Kieda, D B; Kildea, J; Konopelko, A; Krawczynski, H; Krennrich, F; Lang, M J; Le Bohec, S; Lee, K; Maier, G; McCann, A; McCutcheon, M; Millis, J; Moriarty, P; Mukherjee, R; Nagai, T; Ong, R A; Pandel, D; Perkins, J S; Pizlo, F; Pohl, M; Quinn, J; Ragan, K; Reynolds, P T; Rose, H J; Schroedter, M; Sembroski, G H; Smith, A W; Steele, D; Swordy, S P; Toner, J A; Valcarcel, L; Vasilev, V V; Wagner, R; Wakely, S P; Ward, J E; Weekes, T C; Weinstein, A; White, R J; Williams, D A; Wissel, S A; Wood, M; Zitzer, B

    2008-01-01

    LS I +61 303 is one of only a few high-mass X-ray binaries currently detected at high significance in very high energy gamma-rays. The system was observed over several orbital cycles (between September 2006 and February 2007) with the VERITAS array of imaging air-Cherenkov telescopes. A signal of gamma-rays with energies above 300 GeV is found with a statistical significance of 8.4 standard deviations. The detected flux is measured to be strongly variable; the maximum flux is found during most orbital cycles at apastron. The energy spectrum for the period of maximum emission can be characterized by a power law with a photon index of Gamma=2.40+-0.16_stat+-0.2_sys and a flux above 300 GeV corresponding to 15-20% of the flux from the Crab Nebula.

  16. Unveiling the super-orbital modulation of LS I +61 303 in X-rays

    CERN Document Server

    Li, Jian; Zhang, Shu; Hadasch, Daniela; Rea, Nanda; Caliandro, G Andrea; Chen, Yupeng; Wang, Jianmin

    2011-01-01

    From the longest monitoring of LS I +61 303 done to date by the Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer (RXTE) we found evidence for the long-sought, years- long modulation in the X-ray emission of the source. The time evolution of the modulated fraction in the orbital lightcurves can be well fitted with a sinusoidal function having a super-orbital period of 1667 days, the same as the one reported in non-contemporaneous radio measurements. However, we have found a 281.8 \\pm 44.6 days shift between the super-orbital variability found at radio frequencies extrapolated to the observation time of our campaign and what we found in the super-orbital modulation of the modulated fraction of our X-ray data. We also find a super-orbital modulation in the maximum count rate of the orbital lightcurves, compatible with the former results, including the shift.

  17. The Low X-Ray State of LS 5039 / RX J1826.2-1450

    CERN Document Server

    Martocchia, A; Negueruela, I

    2004-01-01

    Recent XMM-Newton and Chandra observations of the high mass X-ray binary LS 5039 / RX J1826.2-1450 caught the source in a faint X-ray state. In contrast with previous RXTE observations, we fail to detect any evidence of iron line emission. We also fail to detect X-ray pulsations. The X-ray spectrum can be well fitted by a simple powerlaw, slightly harder than in previous observations, and does not require the presence of any additional disk or blackbody component. XMM-Newton data imply an X-ray photoelectric absorption ($N_{\\rm H} \\sim 7 \\times 10^{21}$ cm$^{-2}$) consistent with optical reddening, indicating that no strong local absorption occurs at the time of these observations. We discuss possible source emission mechanisms and hypotheses on the nature of the compact object, giving particular emphasis to the young pulsar scenario.

  18. Modeling Large Deformation and Failure of Expanded Polystyrene Crushable Foam Using LS-DYNA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qasim H. Shah

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In the initial phase of the research work, quasistatic compression tests were conducted on the expanded polystyrene (EPS crushable foam for material characterisation at low strain rates (8.3×10-3~8.3×10-2 s−1 to obtain the stress strain curves. The resulting stress strain curves are compared well with the ones found in the literature. Numerical analysis of compression tests was carried out to validate them against experimental results. Additionally gravity-driven drop tests were carried out using a long rod projectile with semispherical end that penetrated into the EPS foam block. Long rod projectile drop tests were simulated in LS-DYNA by using suggested parameter enhancements that were able to compute the material damage and failure response precisely. The material parameters adjustment for successful modelling has been reported.

  19. OFW-ITS-LSSVM: Weighted Classification by LS-SVM for Diabetes diagnosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fawzi Elias Bekri

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available In accordance to the fast developing technology now a days, every field is gaining it’s benefit through machines other than human involvement. Many changes are being made much advancement is possible by this developing technology. Likewise this technology is too gaining its importance in bioinformatics especially to analyse data. As we all know that diabetes is one of the present day deadly diseases prevailing. So in this paper we introduce LS-SVM classification to understand which datasets of blood may have the chance to get diabetes. Further, considering the patient’s details we can predict where he has a chance to get diabetes, if so measures to cure or stop it. In this method, an optimal Tabu search model will be suggested to reduce the chances of getting it in the future

  20. Using LS-SVM Based Motion Recognition for Smartphone Indoor Wireless Positioning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruizhi Chen

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents an indoor navigation solution by combining physical motion recognition with wireless positioning. Twenty-seven simple features are extracted from the built-in accelerometers and magnetometers in a smartphone. Eight common motion states used during indoor navigation are detected by a Least Square-Support Vector Machines (LS-SVM classification algorithm, e.g., static, standing with hand swinging, normal walking while holding the phone in hand, normal walking with hand swinging, fast walking, U-turning, going up stairs, and going down stairs. The results indicate that the motion states are recognized with an accuracy of up to 95.53% for the test cases employed in this study. A motion recognition assisted wireless positioning approach is applied to determine the position of a mobile user. Field tests show a 1.22 m mean error in “Static Tests” and a 3.53 m in “Stop-Go Tests”.

  1. AN PROFICIENT LS BASED SWITCHED PREDICTOR FOR LOSSLESS CONFINING OF 4-D MEDICAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    UTSAV THAKAR

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Techniques for medical imaging like fMRI, CT, MRI produces large amount of digital data. This paper proposes a context based LS based predictors for lossless compression of such 4-D images. Redundancy inthe form of smoothness and uniform human anatomical structures as well as periodic motion of this structures and presence of high correlation in temporal domain of these 4-D medical image sequences has been exploited. Slope is defined as one of the criteria which predict the level of activity. Based on the estimated slope the current pixel is categorized into one of the seven classification bins. Optimal predictors are assigned to each bin and classification of bin boundaries and estimation of optimal predictors is doneoffline. The proposed method is computationally very simple as it does not require motion estimation which, in general, is a computationally complex process.

  2. Using LS-SVM based motion recognition for smartphone indoor wireless positioning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pei, Ling; Liu, Jingbin; Guinness, Robert; Chen, Yuwei; Kuusniemi, Heidi; Chen, Ruizhi

    2012-01-01

    The paper presents an indoor navigation solution by combining physical motion recognition with wireless positioning. Twenty-seven simple features are extracted from the built-in accelerometers and magnetometers in a smartphone. Eight common motion states used during indoor navigation are detected by a Least Square-Support Vector Machines (LS-SVM) classification algorithm, e.g., static, standing with hand swinging, normal walking while holding the phone in hand, normal walking with hand swinging, fast walking, U-turning, going up stairs, and going down stairs. The results indicate that the motion states are recognized with an accuracy of up to 95.53% for the test cases employed in this study. A motion recognition assisted wireless positioning approach is applied to determine the position of a mobile user. Field tests show a 1.22 m mean error in "Static Tests" and a 3.53 m in "Stop-Go Tests".

  3. Determination Of Gas Mixture Components Using Fluctuation Enhanced Sensing And The LS-SVM Regression Algorithm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lentka Łukasz

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyses the effectiveness of determining gas concentrations by using a prototype WO3 resistive gas sensor together with fluctuation enhanced sensing. We have earlier demonstrated that this method can determine the composition of a gas mixture by using only a single sensor. In the present study, we apply Least-Squares Support-Vector-Machine-based (LS-SVM-based nonlinear regression to determine the gas concentration of each constituent in a mixture. We confirmed that the accuracy of the estimated gas concentration could be significantly improved by applying temperature change and ultraviolet irradiation of the WO3 layer. Fluctuation-enhanced sensing allowed us to predict the concentration of both component gases.

  4. Vacuum Acceptance Tests for the UHV Room Temperature Vacuum System of the LHC during LS1

    CERN Document Server

    Cattenoz, G; Bregliozzi, G; Calegari, D; Gallagher, J; Marraffa, A; Chiggiato, P

    2014-01-01

    During the CERN Large Hadron Collider (LHC) first long shut down (LS1), a large number of vacuum tests are carried out on consolidated or newly fabricated devices. In such a way, the vacuum compatibility is assessed before installation in the UHV system of the LHC. According to the equipment’s nature, the vacuum acceptance tests consist in functional checks, leak test, outgassing rate measurements, evaluation of contaminants by Residual Gas Analysis (RGA), pumping speed measurements and qualification of the H2 sticking probability of Non-Evaporable-Getter (NEG) coating. In this paper, the methods used for the tests and the acceptance criteria are described. A summary of the measured vacuum characteristics for the tested components is also given.

  5. LS-DYNA Implementation of Polymer Matrix Composite Model Under High Strain Rate Impact

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheng, Xia-Hua; Goldberg, Robert K.; Binienda, Wieslaw K.; Roberts, Gary D.

    2003-01-01

    A recently developed constitutive model is implemented into LS-DYNA as a user defined material model (UMAT) to characterize the nonlinear strain rate dependent behavior of polymers. By utilizing this model within a micromechanics technique based on a laminate analogy, an algorithm to analyze the strain rate dependent, nonlinear deformation of a fiber reinforced polymer matrix composite is then developed as a UMAT to simulate the response of these composites under high strain rate impact. The models are designed for shell elements in order to ensure computational efficiency. Experimental and numerical stress-strain curves are compared for two representative polymers and a representative polymer matrix composite, with the analytical model predicting the experimental response reasonably well.

  6. Scattering potentials with LS-terms from first-order Casimir operators

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Levay, P. [Inst. of Phys., Tech. Univ. Budapest (Hungary)

    1995-10-21

    Using a first-order Casimir operator calculated in a non-standard realization for the so(3,1) algebra, we obtain a one-dimensional scattering problem with LS-type interaction terms. It is shown that for this realization the square of this operator can be expressed in terms of the usual quadratic Casimir. Due to this constraint the scattering states are completely specified by restricting the possible set of eigenvalues accordingly. The results show that the use of extra Casimir operators can provide additional insight into the group theoretical structure of the scattering problem. A generalization for the so(2n-1,1), n>2 case is also given. The underlying supersymmetry of the resulting Schrodinger equations is pointed out. The supersymmetric charge operators are related to our first-order Casimir operators. (author)

  7. Prokaryotic expression and action mechanism of antimicrobial LsGRP1(C) recombinant protein containing a fusion partner of small ubiquitin-like modifier.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Chia-Hua; Pan, Ying-Chieh; Liu, Fang-Wei; Chen, Chao-Ying

    2017-09-30

    Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are peptides exhibiting broad-spectrum antimicrobial activities and considered as potential therapeutic agents. LsGRP1(C), a novel AMP derived from defense-related LsGRP1 protein of Lilium, was proven to inhibit kinds of bacteria and fungi via alteration of microbial membrane permeability and induction of fungal programmed cell death-like phenomena by in vitro assays using synthetic LsGRP1(C). In this study, the prokaryotic production of LsGRP1(C) recombinant protein containing an N-terminal fusion partner of the yeast small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO) was achieved by using optimized Escherichia coli host and purification buffer system, which lead to a high yield of soluble SUMO-LsGRP1(C) fusion protein. In vitro assay revealed that E. coli-expressed SUMO-LsGRP1(C) exhibited even better antifungal activity as compared to synthetic LsGRP1(C). Meanwhile, the ability of SUMO-LsGRP1(C) in conducting fungal membrane permeabilization and programmed cell death was verified by SYTOX Green staining and 4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole staining/terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick-end labeling assays, respectively, indicating that E. coli-expressed SUMO-LsGRP1(C) shares identical modes of action with synthetic LsGRP1(C). Herein, this E. coli expression system enables the effective and convenient production of antimicrobial LsGRP1(C) in a form of SUMO-fused recombinant protein.

  8. A New European Slope Length and Steepness Factor (LS-Factor for Modeling Soil Erosion by Water

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Panos Panagos

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The Universal Soil Loss Equation (USLE model is the most frequently used model for soil erosion risk estimation. Among the six input layers, the combined slope length and slope angle (LS-factor has the greatest influence on soil loss at the European scale. The S-factor measures the effect of slope steepness, and the L-factor defines the impact of slope length. The combined LS-factor describes the effect of topography on soil erosion. The European Soil Data Centre (ESDAC developed a new pan-European high-resolution soil erosion assessment to achieve a better understanding of the spatial and temporal patterns of soil erosion in Europe. The LS-calculation was performed using the original equation proposed by Desmet and Govers (1996 and implemented using the System for Automated Geoscientific Analyses (SAGA, which incorporates a multiple flow algorithm and contributes to a precise estimation of flow accumulation. The LS-factor dataset was calculated using a high-resolution (25 m Digital Elevation Model (DEM for the whole European Union, resulting in an improved delineation of areas at risk of soil erosion as compared to lower-resolution datasets. This combined approach of using GIS software tools with high-resolution DEMs has been successfully applied in regional assessments in the past, and is now being applied for first time at the European scale.

  9. Low complexity scheme with JPEG-LS for near-lossless, multi-component and selective compression

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mert, Yakup Murat

    2017-05-01

    This study focuses on improving capabilities of a single-band lossless JPEG-LS encoder with a preprocessing unit. Main motivation is preserving its genuine low complexity that enables high-throughput hardware implementations. Although JPEG-LS standard describes procedures for near-lossless and multicomponent compression, a conveniently designed preprocessor unit can easily bestow any single-band lossless JPEG-LS encoder gain these capabilities without change on itself. Similarly, its compression performance can be improved with selective compression. Idea depends on the detection of regions out-of-interest (cloud, snow etc.) employing their distinct spectral signature and remapping pixels in these regions so that highest compression with the JPEG-LS can be yielded based on its algorithm. Regions out-ofinterest can be compressed regardless of the outcome quality as they contain no significant information. Through analyses are achieved on satellite images for the preprocess approaches with software. Besides, designed preprocessor unit is implemented with field-programmable-gate-array (FPGA) and implementation details are provided.

  10. Characterization of the replication region of the Bacillus subtilis plasmid pLS20 : a novel type of replicon

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Meijer, WJJ; De Boer, AJ; van Tongeren, S; Venema, G; Bron, S

    1995-01-01

    A 3.1 kb fragment of the large (~55 kb) Bacillus subtilis plasmid pLS20 containing all the information for autonomous replication was cloned and sequenced. In contrast to the parental plasmid, derived minireplicons were unstably maintained. Using deletion analysis the fragment essential and sufficie

  11. The enigmatic He-sdB pulsator LS IV$-$14$^\\circ$116: new insights from the VLT

    CERN Document Server

    Randall, S K; Ziegerer, E; Geier, S; Fontaine, G

    2015-01-01

    The intermediate Helium subdwarf B star LS IV$-$14$^\\circ$116 is a unique object showing extremely peculiar atmospheric abundances as well as long-period pulsations that cannot be explained in terms of the usual opacity mechanism. One hypothesis invoked was that a strong magnetic field may be responsible. We discredit this possibility on the basis of FORS2 spectro-polarimetry, which allows us to rule out a mean longitudinal magnetic field down to 300 G. Using the same data, we derive the atmospheric parameters for LS IV$-$14$^\\circ$116 to be $T_{\\rm eff}$ = 31,150$\\pm$111 K, $\\log{g}$ = 5.88$\\pm$0.02 and $\\log{N(\\rm He)/N(\\rm H)}$ = $-$0.62$\\pm$0.01. The high surface gravity in particular is at odds with the theory that LS IV$-$14$^\\circ$116 has not yet settled onto the Helium Main Sequence, and that the pulsations are excited by an $\\epsilon$ mechanism acting on the Helium-burning shells present after the main Helium flash. Archival UVES spectroscopy reveals LS IV$-$14$^\\circ$116 to have a radial velocity of...

  12. L’uso della traduzione in una classe di LS: Una questione ancora aperta o da riaprire?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio Romanelli

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Con l'avvento dell'Approccio Comunicativo, sorto negli anni '80 del secolo scorso, la questione dell'uso della traduzione in una classe di lingua straniera (LS è scivolata verso le zone periferiche del dibattito linguistico. I manuali di Glottodidattica hanno ignorato a lungo la questione come se fosse un problema già risolto. Con questo articolo si intende riaprire la discussione analizzando i motivi non solo linguistici, ma anche ideologici e politici, di tale esclusione e rivalutare i vantaggi di questa tecnica didattica. Si comincerà illustrando come i vari approcci all'insegnamento delle lingue straniere abbiano considerato la traduzione dalla metà del diciassettesimo secolo fino ai giorni nostri. Si vedrà come, nonostante la traduzione abbia perso progressivamente il suo ruolo di tecnica efficace all'insegnamento/apprendimento di una LS, è però abbastanza comune vedere professori che usano la lingua materna (LM e studenti che si avvicinano alla LS mediante l‘uso della traduzione. Si concluderà quest'analisi suggerendo una serie di possibili attività didattiche che prevedano l'uso la traduzione in una classe di LS.

  13. Standardization of {sup 59}Fe 4πβ(LS)-γcoincidence counting with digital sampling method

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Agusbudiman, A.; Lee, K. B.; Lee, J. M.; Park, T. S. [Korea University of Science and Technology (UST), Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-11-15

    The radionuclide 59Fe decays with a half-life of 44.494(12) days, by several beta minus emission to the ground state and to four excited states of {sup 59}Co, mainly to the 1099 keV and 1291 keV (Bé et al., 2004). The activity of {sup 59}Fe was measured by 4 πβ(LS)-γ coincidence counting method with digital sampling technique. A gamma spectrometry analysis was also conducted to check the impurities of the source. As comparison, the activity were also measured by using the 4πβ(PC)-γ coincidence counting system and 4πβ (LS)-γ anti-coincidence method. The radionuclide 59Fe has been standardized using the 4πβ(LS)-γcoincidence counting with digital sampling method. The result was in a good agreement with the result from 4πβ(PC)-γ coincidence counting and the 4πβ(LS)-γ anti-coincidence method.

  14. Impact of Arsenic Trioxide on LS-174T Cell Growth in vitro and the Activity of Telomerase

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    The therapeutic action of arsenic trioxide( As2O3 ) on solid tumors has aroused widespread interest among scholars. To study the impact of As2 O3 on human colorectal carcinoma cells( LS-174T cell) and the activity of telomerase,the methods of PCR-ELISA, flow cytometry (FCM) and MTT assay in vitro were utilized. The results show that ( 1 ) with an increase in the concentration of As2 O3, the ratio of living the cells to dead cells decreases significantly,and the IC50 value is 5. 23 μg/mL; (2) the cells of the experimental groups can endure a series of morphological changes similar to the features of apoptosis; (3) the apoptotic curves of FCM pictures appear after 24 h, and the cells show the apoptosis in a time-dependent manner; (4) As2O3 can inhibit the activity of telomerase of the cell extraction obviously in a concentration-dependent and time-dependent manner after 24 h. It can be concluded from the experiment results in vitro that As2O3 can induce the apoptosis of LS-174T cells and inhibit the telomerase activity. Therefore, it has been proposed, for the first time, that these two factors( the apoptosis of LS-174T cells and the inhibition to the telomerase activity) are important causes of the LS-174T cell death caused by As2O3.

  15. Biodistribution and imaging of FDG in rats with LS174T carcinoma xenografts and focal Escherichia coli infection.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kok, P.J.; Eerd-Vismale, J.E.M. van; Boerman, O.C.; Corstens, F.H.M.; Oyen, W.J.G.

    2005-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the dynamic distribution of fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) in malignant and in infectious lesions. METHODS: The dynamic distribution of FDG was studied in Rowett nude (RNU) rats with a LS174T carcinoma xenograft in the left front leg and an Escherichia coli-

  16. Temperature variability and trend estimates at tropopause and UT-LS over a subtropical site: Reunion (20.8_ S, 55.5_ E)

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    B`egue, N

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available ) and in the lower stratosphere (LS) where more than 26% of the variability of temperature can be explained by AO. As a result, the influence of IOD on the variability of the temperature is at highest ratio at CPT and LS, with respectively 12.3% and 13...

  17. A Hybrid Intelligent Multisensor Positioning Methodology for Reliable Vehicle Navigation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xu Li

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available With the rapid development of intelligent transportation systems worldwide, it becomes more important to realize accurate and reliable vehicle positioning in various environments whether GPS is available or not. This paper proposes a hybrid intelligent multisensor positioning methodology fusing the information from low-cost sensors including GPS, MEMS-based strapdown inertial navigation system (SINS and electronic compass, and velocity constraint, which can achieve a significant performance improvement over the integration scheme only including GPS and MEMS-based SINS. First, the filter model of SINS aided by multiple sensors is presented in detail and then an improved Kalman filter with sequential measurement-update processing is developed to realize the filtering fusion. Further, a least square support vector machine- (LS SVM- based intelligent module is designed and augmented with the improved KF to constitute the hybrid positioning system. In case of GPS outages, the LS SVM-based intelligent module trained recently is used to predict the position error to achieve more accurate positioning performance. Finally, the proposed hybrid positioning method is evaluated and compared with traditional methods through real field test data. The experimental results validate the feasibility and effectiveness of the proposed method.

  18. [Determination of soluble solids content in Nanfeng Mandarin by Vis/NIR spectroscopy and UVE-ICA-LS-SVM].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Tong; Xu, Wen-Li; Hu, Tian; Liu, Mu-Hua

    2013-12-01

    The objective of the present research was to assess soluble solids content (SSC) of Nanfeng mandarin by visible/near infrared (Vis/NIR) spectroscopy combined with new variable selection method, simplify prediction model and improve the performance of prediction model for SSC of Nanfeng mandarin. A total of 300 Nanfeng mandarin samples were used, the numbers of Nanfeng mandarin samples in calibration, validation and prediction sets were 150, 75 and 75, respectively. Vis/NIR spectra of Nanfeng mandarin samples were acquired by a QualitySpec spectrometer in the wavelength range of 350-1000 nm. Uninformative variables elimination (UVE) was used to eliminate wavelength variables that had few information of SSC, then independent component analysis (ICA) was used to extract independent components (ICs) from spectra that eliminated uninformative wavelength variables. At last, least squares support vector machine (LS-SVM) was used to develop calibration models for SSC of Nanfeng mandarin using extracted ICs, and 75 prediction samples that had not been used for model development were used to evaluate the performance of SSC model of Nanfeng mandarin. The results indicate t hat Vis/NIR spectroscopy combinedwith UVE-ICA-LS-SVM is suitable for assessing SSC o f Nanfeng mandarin, and t he precision o f prediction ishigh. UVE--ICA is an effective method to eliminate uninformative wavelength variables, extract important spectral information, simplify prediction model and improve the performance of prediction model. The SSC model developed by UVE-ICA-LS-SVM is superior to that developed by PLS, PCA-LS-SVM or ICA-LS-SVM, and the coefficient of determination and root mean square error in calibration, validation and prediction sets were 0.978, 0.230%, 0.965, 0.301% and 0.967, 0.292%, respectively.

  19. [Rapid determination of COD in aquaculture water based on LS-SVM with ultraviolet/visible spectroscopy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Xue-Mei; Zhang, Hai-Liang

    2014-10-01

    Ultraviolet/visible (UV/Vis) spectroscopy was studied for the rapid determination of chemical oxygen demand (COD), which was an indicator to measure the concentration of organic matter in aquaculture water. In order to reduce the influence of the absolute noises of the spectra, the extracted 135 absorbance spectra were preprocessed by Savitzky-Golay smoothing (SG), EMD, and wavelet transform (WT) methods. The preprocessed spectra were then used to select latent variables (LVs) by partial least squares (PLS) methods. Partial least squares (PLS) was used to build models with the full spectra, and back- propagation neural network (BPNN) and least square support vector machine (LS-SVM) were applied to build models with the selected LVs. The overall results showed that BPNN and LS-SVM models performed better than PLS models, and the LS-SVM models with LVs based on WT preprocessed spectra obtained the best results with the determination coefficient (r2) and RMSE being 0. 83 and 14. 78 mg · L(-1) for calibration set, and 0.82 and 14.82 mg · L(-1) for the prediction set respectively. The method showed the best performance in LS-SVM model. The results indicated that it was feasible to use UV/Vis with LVs which were obtained by PLS method, combined with LS-SVM calibration could be applied to the rapid and accurate determination of COD in aquaculture water. Moreover, this study laid the foundation for further implementation of online analysis of aquaculture water and rapid determination of other water quality parameters.

  20. Characterization of [(3) H]LS-3-134, a novel arylamide phenylpiperazine D3 dopamine receptor selective radioligand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rangel-Barajas, Claudia; Malik, Maninder; Taylor, Michelle; Neve, Kim A; Mach, Robert H; Luedtke, Robert R

    2014-11-01

    LS-3-134 is a substituted N-phenylpiperazine derivative that has been reported to exhibit: (i) high-affinity binding (Ki value 0.2 nM) at human D3 dopamine receptors, (ii) > 100-fold D3 versus D2 dopamine receptor subtype binding selectivity, and (iii) low-affinity binding (Ki  > 5000 nM) at sigma 1 and sigma 2 receptors. Based upon a forskolin-dependent activation of the adenylyl cyclase inhibition assay, LS-3-134 is a weak partial agonist at both D2 and D3 dopamine receptor subtypes (29% and 35% of full agonist activity, respectively). In this study, [(3) H]-labeled LS-3-134 was prepared and evaluated to further characterize its use as a D3 dopamine receptor selective radioligand. Kinetic and equilibrium radioligand binding studies were performed. This radioligand rapidly reaches equilibrium (10-15 min at 37°C) and binds with high affinity to both human (Kd  = 0.06 ± 0.01 nM) and rat (Kd  = 0.2 ± 0.02 nM) D3 receptors expressed in HEK293 cells. Direct and competitive radioligand binding studies using rat caudate and nucleus accumbens tissue indicate that [(3) H]LS-3-134 selectively binds a homogeneous population of binding sites with a dopamine D3 receptor pharmacological profile. Based upon these studies, we propose that [(3) H]LS-3-134 represents a novel D3 dopamine receptor selective radioligand that can be used for studying the expression and regulation of the D3 dopamine receptor subtype.

  1. Purification and genetic characterisation of the novel bacteriocin LS2 produced by the human oral strain Lactobacillus salivarius BGHO1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Busarcevic, Milos; Dalgalarrondo, Michèle

    2012-08-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate the antimicrobial potential of Lactobacillus salivarius BGHO1, a human oral strain with probiotic characteristics and a broad inhibitory spectrum both against Gram-positive and Gram-negative pathogens. Here we present the bacteriocin LS2, an extremely pH- and heat-stable peptide with antilisterial activity. LS2 is a novel member of the class IId bacteriocins, unique among all currently characterised bacteriocins. It is somewhat similar to putative bacteriocins from several oral streptococci, including the cariogenic Streptococcus mutans. LS2 is a 41-amino-acid, highly hydrophobic cationic peptide of 4115.1Da that is sensitive to proteolytic enzymes. LS2 was purified from cells of strain BGHO1 by solvent extraction and reverse-phase chromatography. Mass spectrometry was used to determine the molecular mass of the purified peptide. N-terminal amino acid sequencing enabled identification of the LS2 structural gene bacls2 by a reverse genetics approach. Downstream of the bacls2 gene, two bacteriocin-like genes were found, named blp1a and blp1b, and one putative bacteriocin immunity gene named bimlp. We also present the identification of the 242-kb megaplasmid pMPHO1 by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis, which harbours the genes bacls2, blp1a, blp1b and bimlp. Two peptides with antimicrobial activity, whose approximate sizes corresponded to those of blp1a and blp1b, were identified only after culturing strain BGHO1 in a chemically defined medium. This study demonstrated the capacity of Lactobacillus salivarius BGHO1 to produce multiple bacteriocins and further established this strain as a promising probiotic candidate. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. and the International Society of Chemotherapy. All rights reserved.

  2. IL WORKSHOP DI FONETICA IN ITALIANO L2/LS: ACCENTO DI PAROLA E DURATA SILLABICA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lidia Calabrò

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Lavorare sugli aspetti fonetico-fonologici di una lingua straniera risulta quanto mai importante e fondamentale, soprattutto se la L1 degli apprendenti la L2/LS è molto distante. Attraverso un’esperienza iniziata con studenti sinofoni del progetto Marco Polo / Turandot, le attività inserite nel workshop di fonetica nell’italiano L2 si presentano come proposta di didattica integrativa al fine di sensibilizzare gli studenti ai tratti soprasegmentali della L2 a contrasto con quelli della loro L1. Nel presente contributo verranno presentate alcune attività riguardanti la percezione e la realizzazione della durata vocalica e della sillaba accentata attraverso attività collaborative e il movimento del corpo. Tutte le attività prevedono un coinvolgimento personale e totale del singolo apprendente e di tutta la classe in quanto il workshop si avvale di multimodalità, multimedialità e apprendimento collaborativo al fine di scoprire i suoni della L2 e riflettere sulla loro percezione e produzione. Italian L2/LS phonetic workshops: word accent and syllable duration Working on phonetics and the phonolgical aspects language is considered important and fundamental, above all if a learner’s L1 is distant from the SL. The activities described in the paper took place during a phonetic workshop in Italian as a second language with Chinese students enrolled in the Marco Polo/Turandot project. They can be considered a teaching technique aimed at raising student awareness about the SL supra-segmental aspects in contrast to their L1. Some activities related to vowel length and stress will be presented: perception and production, cooperative learning and body movement aimed at discovering and practicing vowel length in stressed syllables (phonic stress. The activities involved the students in a more personal, total and physical collaboration together with their classmates. The multimedia workshop was designed to be multimodal and cooperative, in order to

  3. Investigation of the energy dependence of the orbital light curve in LS 5039

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Z.; Zhang, S.; Ji, L.; Chen, Y. P.; Kretschmar, P.; Kuulkers, E.; Collmar, W.; Liu, C. Z.

    2016-11-01

    LS 5039 is so far the best-studied γ-ray binary system at multiwavelength energies. A time-resolved study of its spectral energy distribution (SED) shows that above 1 keV its power output is changing along its binary orbit as well as being a function of energy. To disentangle the energy dependence of the power output as a function of orbital phase, we investigated in detail the orbital light curves as derived with different telescopes at different energy bands. We analysed the data from all existing International Gamma-Ray Astrophysics Laboratory (INTEGRAL)/INTEGRAL on-board Imager/INTEGRAL Soft Gamma-Ray Imager observations of the source and generated the most up-to-date orbital light curves at hard X-ray energies. In the γ-ray band, we carried out orbital phase-resolved analysis of Fermi-Large Area Telescope (LAT) data between 30 MeV and 10 GeV in five different energy bands. We found that, at ≲100 MeV and ≳1 TeV the peak of the γ-ray emission is near orbital phase 0.7, while between ˜100 MeV and ˜1 GeV it moves close to orbital phase 1.0 in an orbital anticlockwise manner. This result suggests that the transition region in the SED at soft γ-rays (below a hundred MeV) is related to the orbital phase interval of 0.5-1.0 but not to the one of 0.0-0.5, when the compact object is `behind' its companion. Another interesting result is that between 3 and 20 GeV no orbital modulation is found, although Fermi-LAT significantly (˜18σ) detects LS 5039. This is consistent with the fact that at these energies, the contributions to the overall emission from the inferior conjunction phase region (INFC, orbital phase 0.45-0.9) and from the superior conjunction phase region (orbital phase 0.9-0.45) are equal in strength. At TeV energies the power output is again dominant in the INFC region and the flux peak occurs at phase ˜0.7.

  4. Bioactivity of vip3A Protein from Bacillus thuringiensis Isolates and Cloning of Vip3A-LS1 Gene from Bt LS1%苏云金杆菌营养期蛋白杀虫活性及Vip3A-LS1基因克隆

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆秀君; 郝会海; 宋萍; 杜克久; 李国勋

    2007-01-01

    对营养期高活性杀虫菌株进行筛选,得到高效菌株Bt LS1,对其营养期杀虫蛋白活性及发酵特性进行了系统研究,克隆了该菌株的vip3A新基因.测定了31株vip3A基因阳性菌株营养期杀虫蛋白的活性,发现Bt LS1和Bt LS8菌株对甜菜夜蛾Spodoptera exigua生长的抑制作用明显高于其他菌株.进一步研究表明,Bt LS1菌株营养期杀虫蛋白对初孵和2龄甜菜夜蛾幼虫的体重增长抑制率分别为95.3% ±2.1%和90.7% ±6.6%;对棉铃虫Helicoverpa armigera初孵幼虫的校正死亡率为22.1%,对2龄幼虫的体重增长抑制率为78.7% ±6.6%.发酵液中以胞内可溶性物质为主.设计vip3A全长基因特异引物PCR扩增,插入质粒pBluescript SK(+),克隆测序证实该菌株中存在vip3A新基因,命名为Vip3A-LS1,GenBank登录号为DQ016968.按该序列推断的蛋白与同类蛋白的8个氨基酸之间存在差异.

  5. Lenstar LS900与IOLMaster测量眼前节生物参数及人工晶状体度数的比较%Comparison of anterior segment biometry and intraocular lens power measured by Lenstar LS900 and IOLMaster

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶向彧; 纪建丽; 张广斌; 王乐; 毛益辉; 何雪洪

    2011-01-01

    目的 精确的眼生物测量对人工晶状体(intraocular lens,IOL)度数计算至关重要,尤其是眼轴及角膜曲率的测量.本研究将对比新一代光学低相干反射生物测量仪Lenstar LS900 (Haag-Streit)与IOLMaster对眼前节参数及IOL测算的差异.方法 应用Lenstar LS900和IOLMaster分别对30例(60眼)老年性白内障患者进行眼轴长度、前房深度、角膜曲率和散光轴方面的测量比较;分别利用2种设备计算IOL度数,均选用SRK/T计算公式和SA60AT(Alcon)IOL,在确定同一度数的前提下比较目标屈光度的差异.结果 Lenstar LS900和IOLMaster测量眼轴长度、前房深度、平均角膜曲率、陡峭轴角膜曲率之间差异均无统计学意义(均为P>0.05),且均具有良好的相关性(相关系数分别为0.999、0.955、0.936、0.845),而两种设备测得陡峭轴之间相关欠佳(r =0.579).Lenstar LS900和IOLMaster所获得的术后目标屈光度值分别为(-0.02±0.17)D和(-0.07±0.23)D,差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).Bland-Altman分析显示,2种设备获得的目标屈光值具有良好的一致性.结论 Lenstar LS900和IOLMaster两种设备测量眼前节参数及IOL度数具有良好的一致性.同时,Lenstar LS900还可以快速、准确的为白内障患者和屈光医师提供更多的眼生物参数.%Objective To compare the difference of anterior segment biometry and intraocular lens (IOL) power measured by a new noncontact optical biometer Lenstar LS9O0 (Haag-Streit) using optical low-coherence reflectometry and IOLMaster. Methods Biometry measurements in 60 eyes of 30 patients scheduled for cataract surgery by the same examiner with Lenstar LS900 and IOLMaster, the axial length (AL) .anterior chamber depth (ACD) and keratometric (K) were compared,IOL power for AcrySof SA60AT( Alcon) measure by two devices using SRK/T formulas was calculated, and the difference of targeted diopter under same IOL power was compared. Results There was no statistical

  6. The Control System of CERN Accelerators Vacuum (LS1 Activities and New Developments)

    CERN Document Server

    Gomes, P; Bellorini, F; Blanchard, S; Boivin, J P; Gama, J; Girardot, G; Pigny, G; Rio, B; Vestergard, H; Kopylov, L; Merker, S; Mikheev, M

    2014-01-01

    After 3 years of operation, the LHC entered its first Long Shutdown period (LS1), in February 2013 [1]. Major consolidation and maintenance works are being performed across the whole CERN’s Accelerator chain, in order to prepare the LHC to restart at higher energy, in 2015. The injector chain shall resume earlier, in mid-14. We report about the on-going vacuum-controls projects. Some of them concern the renovation of the controls of certain machines; others are associated with the consolidations of the vacuum systems of LHC and its injectors; and a few are completely new installations. ue to the wide age-span of the existing vacuum installations, there is a mix of design philosophies and of control-equipment generations. The renovations and the novel projects offer an opportunity to improve the uniformity and efficiency of vacuum controls by: reducing the number of equipment versions with similar functionality; identifying, naming, labelling, and documenting all pieces of equipment; homogenizing the contr...

  7. The Multi-wavelength Characteristics of the TeV Binary LS I +61$^\\circ$ 303

    CERN Document Server

    Saha, L; Shukla, A; Rao, A R; Acharya, B S

    2016-01-01

    We study the characteristics of the TeV binary LS I +61$^\\circ$ 303 in radio, soft X-ray, hard X-ray, and gamma-ray (GeV and TeV) energies. The long term variability characteristics are examined as a function of the phase of the binary period of 26.496 days as well as the phase of the super orbital period of 1626 days, dividing the observations into a matrix of 10$\\times$10 phases of these two periods. It is found that the long term variability can be described by a sine function of the super orbital period, with the phase and amplitude systematically varying with the binary period phase. We also find a definite wavelength dependent change in this variability description. To understand the radiation mechanism, we define three states in the orbital/ super orbital phase matrix and examine the wide band spectral energy distribution. The derived source parameters indicate that the emission geometry is dominated by a jet structure showing a systematic variation with the orbital/ super orbital period. We suggest th...

  8. Zīmola „Staburadze” identitāte un tēls

    OpenAIRE

    Prindule, Māra

    2012-01-01

    Darba tēma ir „Zīmola „Staburadze” identitāte un tēls.” Izvirzītā hipotēze: zīmola „Staburadze” identitātes un tēla pamatā ir nacionālās identitātes elementi. Pētījuma mērķis ir noskaidrot un salīdzināt zīmola „Staburadze” identitāti un tēlu. Noteikt, vai to pamatā ir nacionālās identitātes elementi. Darba teorētisko daļu veido apskats par zīmola jēdzienu, veidiem un funkcijām, zīmola identitātes un tēla jēdzieniem, dažādu autoru zīmola identitātes modeļiem, arī nodaļa par nacionālo...

  9. The multiwavelength emission from the gamma-ray binary LS I + 61 303

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jian-Fu Zhang; Ya Zhu; Li Zhang

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents a hadronic dominated jet model to investigate multiwavelength emission from the microquasar LS I+61 303. In this scenario, we take into account evolutions of the primary particles and secondary e± pairs; these pairs are produced by the collisional interactions of the accelerated protons with the cold jet protons and the stellar wind ions. In this model, the non-thermal photons are produced by π0 decay emission, synchrotron and inverse Compton scattering processes from the primary electrons and secondary pairs, and relativistic bremsstrahlung emission from the secondary leptonic pairs. Based on this model framework, we show that the spectral energy distributions can be produced by the primary and secondary particles via interactions with the cold matter, and magnetic and stellar radiation fields. We also consider the attenuation of angular dependence γ-γ due to the effects of the stellar target photon fields. The resulting model can approximately reproduce the recent quasi-simultaneous observational data points and the non-simultaneous multi-band observations.

  10. Simulation of the nuclear fuel assembly drop test with LS-Dyna

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Petkevich, P., E-mail: petya2306@gmail.com; Abramov, V.; Yuremenko, V.; Piminov, V.; Makarov, V.; Afanasiev, A.

    2014-04-01

    Transportation of the nuclear fuel containing objects is especially sensitive to accidental drops, as any event, affecting the fuel spacial arrangement, alters also neutron multiplication factor and can result in uncontrolled chain reaction. The latter is particularly important for nuclear fuel being immersed in water. Apart from that, fall can result in a mechanical damage of the fuel rods, which can cause environmental pollution by radionuclides. Final and intermediate fuel configurations during the accident depend on the impact velocity and the angle between falling object and the surface. Experiments cannot cover all the possible variants of drops, as it would result in their unacceptable prices. Therefore elaboration of the approaches to numerically simulate such kind of accidents is an essential step in the nuclear fuel transportation safety analysis and is the principal goal of the present research. Series of drop tests with fuel assemblies (FA) models of different complexity have been performed and numerically simulated with LS-Dyna software in order to proof the reliability of such kind of analysis. The paper contains description of the drop test experimental facility, some experimental results and their numerical simulation. It has been found that the finite element model of the FA and the material properties used for the simulation provide reliable predictions of the FA materials deformation and failure in case of accidental drops onto a rigid surface.

  11. Spectral lags of flaring events in LS I+61°303 from RXTE Observations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarkar, Tamal; Sarkar, Samir; Bhadra, Arunava

    2016-07-01

    This work reports the first discovery of (negative) spectral lags in X-ray emission below 10keV from the gamma ray binary LS I+61° 303 during large flaring episodes using Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer (RXTE) observations. It is found from the RXTE data that during the flares, low energy (3–5 keV) variations lead the higher energy (8–10 keV) variations by a few tens of seconds whereas no significant time lag is observed during the non-flaring states. The observed spectral lag features for flaring events suggest that inverse Compton scattering may be operating, at least in some part of the system. Another possibility is that the sites of particle acceleration may be different for flaring and non-flaring events such as in the microquasar model, in which the flaring radiation may come from hot spots sitting above the black hole while steady state emissions are due to the jets.

  12. LS-DYNA Analysis of a Full-Scale Helicopter Crash Test

    Science.gov (United States)

    Annett, Martin S.

    2010-01-01

    A full-scale crash test of an MD-500 helicopter was conducted in December 2009 at NASA Langley's Landing and Impact Research facility (LandIR). The MD-500 helicopter was fitted with a composite honeycomb Deployable Energy Absorber (DEA) and tested under vertical and horizontal impact velocities of 26 ft/sec and 40 ft/sec, respectively. The objectives of the test were to evaluate the performance of the DEA concept under realistic crash conditions and to generate test data for validation of a system integrated LS-DYNA finite element model. In preparation for the full-scale crash test, a series of sub-scale and MD-500 mass simulator tests was conducted to evaluate the impact performances of various components, including a new crush tube and the DEA blocks. Parameters defined within the system integrated finite element model were determined from these tests. The objective of this paper is to summarize the finite element models developed and analyses performed, beginning with pre-test and continuing through post test validation.

  13. Super-orbital variability of LS I +61$^{\\circ}$303 at TeV energies

    CERN Document Server

    Ahnen, M L; Antonelli, L A; Antoranz, P; Babic, A; Banerjee, B; Bangale, P; de Almeida, U Barres; Barrio, J A; González, J Becerra; Bednarek, W; Bernardini, E; Biasuzzi, B; Biland, A; Blanch, O; Bonnefoy, S; Bonnoli, G; Borracci, F; Bretz, T; Buson, S; Carosi, A; Chatterjee, A; Clavero, R; Colin, P; Colombo, E; Contreras, J L; Cortina, J; Covino, S; Da Vela, P; Dazzi, F; De Angelis, A; De Lotto, B; Wilhelmi, E de Oña; Mendez, C Delgado; Di Pierro, F; Domínguez, A; Prester, D Dominis; Dorner, D; Doro, M; Einecke, S; Glawion, D Eisenacher; Elsaesser, D; Fernández-Barral, A; Fidalgo, D; Fonseca, M V; Font, L; Frantzen, K; Fruck, C; Galindo, D; López, R J García; Garczarczyk, M; Terrats, D Garrido; Gaug, M; Giammaria, P; Godinović, N; Muñoz, A González; Gora, D; Guberman, D; Hadasch, D; Hahn, A; Hanabata, Y; Hayashida, M; Herrera, J; Hose, J; Hrupec, D; Hughes, G; Idec, W; Kodani, K; Konno, Y; Kubo, H; Kushida, J; La Barbera, A; Lelas, D; Lindfors, E; Lombardi, S; Longo, F; López, M; López-Coto, R; López-Oramas, A; Majumdar, P; Makariev, M; Mallot, K; Maneva, G; Manganaro, M; Mannheim, K; Maraschi, L; Marcote, B; Mariotti, M; Martínez, M; Mazin, D; Menzel, U; Miranda, J M; Mirzoyan, R; Moralejo, A; Moretti, E; Nakajima, D; Neustroev, V; Niedzwiecki, A; Rosillo, M Nievas; Nilsson, K; Nishijima, K; Noda, K; Orito, R; Overkemping, A; Paiano, S; Palacio, J; Palatiello, M; Paneque, D; Paoletti, R; Paredes, J M; Paredes-Fortuny, X; Pedaletti, G; Persic, M; Poutanen, J; Moroni, P G Prada; Prandini, E; Puljak, I; Rhode, W; Ribó, M; Rico, J; Garcia, J Rodriguez; Saito, T; Satalecka, K; Schultz, C; Schweizer, T; Shore, S N; Sillanpää, A; Sitarek, J; Snidaric, I; Sobczynska, D; Stamerra, A; Steinbring, T; Strzys, M; Takalo, L; Takami, H; Tavecchio, F; Temnikov, P; Terzić, T; Tescaro, D; Teshima, M; Thaele, J; Torres, D F; Toyama, T; Treves, A; Verguilov, V; Vovk, I; Ward, J E; Will, M; Wu, M H; Zanin, R; Casares, J; Herrero, A

    2016-01-01

    The gamma-ray binary LS I +61$^{\\circ}$303 is a well established source from centimeter radio up to very high energy (VHE; E$>$100 GeV). Its broadband emission shows a periodicity of $\\sim$26.5 days, coincident with the orbital period. A longer (super-orbital) period of 1667 $\\pm$ 8 days was discovered in radio and confirmed in optical and high energy (HE; E>100 MeV) gamma-ray observations. We present a four-year campaign performed by MAGIC together with archival data concentrating on a search for a long timescale signature in the VHE emission. We focus on the search for super-orbital modulation of the VHE peak and on the search for correlations between TeV emission and optical determination of the extension of the circumstellar disk. A four-year campaign has been carried out by MAGIC. The source was observed during the orbital phases when the periodic VHE outbursts have occurred ($\\phi$=0.55-0.75). Additionally, we included archival MAGIC observations and data published by the VERITAS collaboration in these ...

  14. The super-orbital variability of LS I +61 303 at all frequencies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torres, Diego F.; Hadasch, Daniela; Li, Jian

    2016-07-01

    Detected from radio to TeV gamma rays, the gamma-ray binary LS I + 61 303 is highly variable across all frequencies. Beside its variability due to the modulation of its emission at the 26.496-day orbital period, the system also presents variability consistent with the so-called superorbital period, of 1667 days. Short and highly luminous X-ray bursts, reminiscent of typical magnetar behavior, have been also detected. I will summarize this phenomenology and present recent analysis of LSI +61 303 using data taken with the Fermi Large Area Telescope, putting it in a multi-wavelength context. I will show that the super-orbital modulation of the GeV data is obvious, and that is more prominently seen at orbital phases around apastron. I will also show that the super-orbital evolution also exists in TeV data. Finally, I will present correlation studies between TeV, GeV, X-ray, optical, and radio data and comment on a physical, pulsar-based scenario which could explain the general behavior of this enigmatic binary.

  15. STATE OF THE ART OF LEARNING STYLES-BASED ADAPTIVE EDUCATIONAL HYPERMEDIA SYSTEMS (LS-BAEHSS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmed Al-Azawei

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The notion that learning can be enhanced when a teaching approach matches a learner’s learning style has been widely accepted in classroom settings since the latter represents a predictor of student’s attitude and preferences. As such, the traditional approach of ‘one-size-fits-all’ as may be applied to teaching delivery in Educational Hypermedia Systems (EHSs has to be changed with an approach that responds to users’ needs by exploiting their individual differences. However, establishing and implementing reliable approaches for matching the teaching delivery and modalities to learning styles still represents an innovation challenge which has to be tackled. In this paper, seventy six studies are objectively analysed for several goals. In order to reveal the value of integrating learning styles in EHSs, different perspectives in this context are discussed. Identifying the most effective learning style models as incorporated within AEHSs. Investigating the effectiveness of different approaches for modelling students’ individual learning traits is another goal of this study. Thus, the paper highlights a number of theoretical and technical issues of LS-BAEHSs to serve as a comprehensive guidance for researchers who interest in this area

  16. [Speech and regulation of behavior: the works of LS Vygosty and AR Luria].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Derouesné, Christian

    2011-09-01

    The role of speech in the regulation of behavior was described in child psychology by LS Vygotsky and AR Luria in the Soviet Union during the twenties, and extended to neuropsychology by Luria after the World War II. According to Vygotsky, man built up « psychological tools » on the model of material tools to extend his natural capacities. Psychological tools, such as language, are symbolic systems from social origin, which control activity and behavior, and convert natural cognitive processes into higher cortical functions. Therefore child's development is embedded into particular social relationships. First communicational speech then inner speech plays a major role in the regulation of behavior in man: at first it goes with action, then precedes it, and finally replaces it. A willful action is thus an action largely controlled by inner speech, especially in novel and complex tasks, but the properties of inner speech differ from those of communicational speech. Assessment of the role of speech on the regulation of action and behavior should be part of the neuropsychological examination of frontal lobe functions. It also could be useful to assess the ability of patients to participate in cognitive rehabilitation, particularly in Alzheimer's disease.

  17. Tackling missing data in community health studies using additive LS-SVM classifier.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Guanjin; Deng, Zhaohong; Choi, Kup-Sze

    2016-12-01

    Missing data is a common issue in community health and epidemiological studies. Direct removal of samples with missing data can lead to reduced sample size and information bias, which deteriorates the significance of the results. While data imputation methods are available to deal with missing data, they are limited in performance and could introduce noises into the dataset. Instead of data imputation, a novel method based on additive least square support vector machine (LS-SVM) is proposed in this paper for predictive modeling when the input features of the model contain missing data. The method also determines simultaneously the influence of the features with missing values on the classification accuracy using the fast leave-one-out cross-validation strategy. The performance of the method is evaluated by applying it to predict the quality of life (QOL) of elderly people using health data collected in the community. The dataset involves demographics, socioeconomic status, health history and the outcomes of health assessments of 444 community-dwelling elderly people, with 5% to 60% of data missing in some of the input features. The QOL is measured using a standard questionnaire of the World Health Organization. Results show that the proposed method outperforms four conventional methods for handling missing data - case deletion, feature deletion, mean imputation and K-nearest neighbor imputation, with the average QOL prediction accuracy reaching 0.7418. It is potentially a promising technique for tackling missing data in community health research and other applications.

  18. The N-rich Mass Donor Star of the Microquasar LS 5039

    CERN Document Server

    McSwain, M V; Huang, W; Wiita, P J; Wingert, D W; Kaper, L

    2003-01-01

    We present an investigation of new optical and ultraviolet spectra of the mass donor star in the massive X-ray binary LS 5039. The optical band spectral line strengths indicate that the atmosphere is N-rich and C-poor, and we classify the stellar spectrum as type ON6.5 V((f)). The N-strong and C-weak pattern is also found in the stellar wind P Cygni lines of N V 1240 and C IV 1550. We suggest that the N-enrichment may result from internal mixing if the O-star was born as a rapid rotator, or the O-star may have accreted N-rich gas during a common envelope interaction with the progenitor of the supernova. We re-evaluated the orbital elements to find an orbital period of P=4.4267 +/- 0.0010 d. We compared the spectral line profiles with new non-LTE, line-blanketed model spectra, from which we derive an effective temperature T_eff = 37.5 +/- 1.7 kK, gravity log g = 4.0 +/- 0.1, and projected rotational velocity V sin i = 140 +/- 8 km/s. We fit the UV, optical, and IR flux distribution using a model spectrum and e...

  19. Investigation of the energy dependence of the orbital light curve in LS 5039

    CERN Document Server

    Chang, Z; Ji, L; Chen, Y P; Kretschmar, P; Kuulkers, E; Collmar, W; Liu, C Z

    2016-01-01

    LS 5039 is so far the best studied $\\gamma$-ray binary system at multi-wavelength energies. A time resolved study of its spectral energy distribution (SED) shows that above 1 keV its power output is changing along its binary orbit as well as being a function of energy. To disentangle the energy dependence of the power output as a function of orbital phase, we investigated in detail the orbital light curves as derived with different telescopes at different energy bands. We analysed the data from all existing \\textit{INTEGRAL}/IBIS/ISGRI observations of the source and generated the most up-to-date orbital light curves at hard X-ray energies. In the $\\gamma$-ray band, we carried out orbital phase-resolved analysis of \\textit{Fermi}-LAT data between 30 MeV and 10 GeV in 5 different energy bands. We found that, at $\\lesssim$100 MeV and $\\gtrsim$1 TeV the peak of the $\\gamma$-ray emission is near orbital phase 0.7, while between $\\sim$100 MeV and $\\sim$1 GeV it moves close to orbital phase 1.0 in an orbital anti-cl...

  20. LS1 Report: A brand new set-up for ASACUSA-CUSP

    CERN Document Server

    Antonella Del Rosso

    2014-01-01

    ASACUSA is running for the first time with a totally new set-up. Three new vital instruments have been designed, produced and installed during LS1 in addition to several other major modifications. The collaboration is now ready to perform the first high-precision measurement of the hyperfine structure of antihydrogen – a study that aims at comparing the inner properties of matter and antimatter.   The ASACUSA set-up. The ASACUSA-CUSP collaboration comprises about 30 scientists from various institutes in Europe and Japan. Because of the Japanese contribution, the experiment is often known by its Japanese pronunciation, the experiment’s logo is in Japanese, and the logbook uses Japanese time! This year, for the first time, the experiment is running with a completely new set-up, which now includes a new superconducting double cusp magnet, a new tracking detector and a new final antihydrogen detector. “The magnet is the heart of the ASACUSA experiment,” expl...

  1. Plans and physics outlook for non-high luminosity experiments until and after LS3

    CERN Document Server

    Jacobsson, R

    2014-01-01

    Based on the current physics scene, the future holds more than ever a joint enterprise of precision measurements and direct searches. With its very broad scientific program of heavy flavour precision measurements both in the beauty and the charm sector, as well as forward electroweak precision physics, LHCb has demonstrated to be a powerful forward general purpose detector complementary to ATLAS and CMS. After the expected lifetime of 10fb$^{-1}$ for the current experiment, the precision of many measurements will still be limited by statistics. Experience from Run 1 shows that systematic uncertainties are not expected to limit the precision down to the theoretical uncertainties. LHCb will thus undergo one major upgrade in LS2 to the ultimate flexibility of a full software trigger, together with a sub-detector configuration which should allow improving the physics yield up to an instantaneous luminosity of 2x10$^{33}$ cm$^{-2}$s$^{-1}$, with the goal of collecting an integrated luminosity of at least 50fb$^{-1...

  2. Characterization of GABAergic neurons in the mouse lateral septum: a double fluorescence in situ hybridization and immunohistochemical study using tyramide signal amplification.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Changjiu Zhao

    Full Text Available Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA neurotransmission in the lateral septum (LS is implicated in modulating various behavioral processes, including emotional reactivity and maternal behavior. However, identifying the phenotype of GABAergic neurons in the CNS has been hampered by the longstanding inability to reliably detect somal immunoreactivity for GABA or glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD, the enzyme that produces GABA. In this study, we designed unique probes for both GAD65 (GAD2 and GAD67 (GAD1, and used fluorescence in Situ hybridization (FISH with tyramide signal amplification (TSA to achieve unequivocal detection of cell bodies of GABAergic neurons by GAD mRNAs. We quantitatively characterized the expression and chemical phenotype of GABAergic neurons across each subdivision of LS and in cingulate cortex (Cg and medial preoptic area (MPOA in female mice. Across LS, almost all GAD65 mRNA-expressing neurons were found to contain GAD67 mRNA (approximately 95-98%, while a small proportion of GAD67 mRNA-containing neurons did not express GAD65 mRNA (5-14%. Using the neuronal marker NeuN, almost every neuron in LS (> 90% was also found to be GABA-positive. Interneuron markers using calcium-binding proteins showed that LS GABAergic neurons displayed immunoreactivity for calbindin (CB or calretinin (CR, but not parvalbumin (PV; almost all CB- or CR-immunoreactive neurons (98-100% were GABAergic. The proportion of GABAergic neurons immunoreactive for CB or CR varied depending on the subdivisions examined, with the highest percentage of colocalization in the caudal intermediate LS (LSI (approximately 58% for CB and 35% for CR. These findings suggest that the vast majority of GABAergic neurons within the LS have the potential for synthesizing GABA via the dual enzyme systems GAD65 and GAD67, and each subtype of GABAergic neurons identified by distinct calcium-binding proteins may exert unique roles in the physiological function and neuronal circuitry of

  3. 基于ANSYS/LS-DYNA66自冲铆接铆打腿部尖端几何参数的优化%The Optimation of Rivet Parameters of SPR based on ANSYS/LS-DYNA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白玉峰; 杜茂华; 李露露

    2011-01-01

    In recent years , self- piercing riveting technology is brought into public attentian. In this paper, the parameters of the leg of the rivet were studies by using 2D with the finite element model, ANSYS/LS-DYNA, and their aptimized valueswere obtained.%近年来,自冲铆接作为一种新工艺越来越受到重视和青睐.本文利用大型有限元分析软件ANSYS/ LS-DYNA建立的自冲铆接的二维有限元模型进行分析,对铆钉腿部尖端几何参数进行优化,得出了其最优的几何参数.

  4. LS-951催化剂Claus反应尾气加氢转化动力学研究%KINETIC STUDY OF LS-951 HYDROGENATION CATALYST FOR TREATING TAIL GAS FROM CLAUS PROCESS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张孔远; 余长春; 代小平

    2006-01-01

    LS-951催化剂是一种性能良好的硫磺尾气加氢转化催化剂,已在国内多套工业装置上应用.本文采用四极质谱对SO2加氢、COS水解和CS2水解反应尾气中各种气体组分在线检测,检测数据经过对应气体组分的工作曲线计算后得到反应尾气中各组分浓度,并采用Levenberg-Marquardt非线性最小二乘法进行数据拟合计算,分别建立了LS-951催化剂上SO2加氢、COS水解、CS2水解反应的动力学方程.

  5. LS-951T新型Claus尾气加氢催化剂的工业应用%Commercial Application of New-type LS-951T Hydrogenation Catalyst for Tail Gas from Claus Process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘爱华; 张孔远; 燕京

    2007-01-01

    介绍了LS-951T Claus尾气加氢催化剂的特点、物化性质、工业应用情况等.工业应用结果表明,LS-951T催化剂具有良好的低温加氢活性,与国内其他同类催化剂相比,反应器入口温度可降至237~262 ℃.加氢后尾气中非H2S的含硫化合物仅为55.2mg/m3,优于国内外同类加氢催化剂.

  6. Prediction Model of Ground Settlement of Foundation Ditch Surrounding Based on LS-SVM%基于LS-SVM的基坑周边地表沉降预测模型

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋子房

    2014-01-01

    针对神经网络用于基坑变形预测存在结构难确定、训练易陷入局部最优及易过学习等问题,以已有的周边地表沉降为样本,利用最小二乘支持向量机(LS-SVM)建立基坑地表沉降预测模型,应用网格搜索算法优化模型参数,对基坑周边地表沉降进行连续滚动的多步预测。实例分析结果表明,LS-SVM用于基坑周边地表沉降预测效果较好,具有所需数据少、推广能力强等优点。%The problems that the structure is difficult to indentify, the training is easy to get in local opti-mization and overfitting are existing in using neural networks to forecast the deformation of foundation ditch. Given this, taking the ground settlement of foundation ditch surrounding as the sample, the predic-tion model of ground settlement of foundation ditch is established based on LS-SVM, the parameters of the model is optimized by mesh search algorithm, and continuous rolling multi-step forecasting of ground settlement of foundation ditch surrounding is implemented. The result of case analysis indicates that the effect of using LS-SVM to forecast the ground settlement of foundation ditch surrounding is preferable, meanwhile it has such advantages as requiring few data, the capacity of popularization is great.

  7. Hybrid microelectronic technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moran, P.

    Various areas of hybrid microelectronic technology are discussed. The topics addressed include: basic thick film processing, thick film pastes and substrates, add-on components and attachment methods, thin film processing, and design of thick film hybrid circuits. Also considered are: packaging hybrid circuits, automating the production of hybrid circuits, application of hybrid techniques, customer's view of hybrid technology, and quality control and assurance in hybrid circuit production.

  8. Multi-Class Classification Methods of Cost-Conscious LS-SVM for Fault Diagnosis of Blast Furnace%Multi-Class Classification Methods of Cost-Conscious LS-SVM for Fault Diagnosis of Blast Furnace

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Li-mei; WANG An-na; SHA Mo; ZHAO Feng-yun

    2011-01-01

    Aiming at the limitations of rapid fault diagnosis of blast furnace, a novel strategy based on cost-conscious least squares support vector machine (LS-SVM) is proposed to solve this problem. Firstly, modified discrete particle swarm optimization is applied to optimize the feature selection and the LS-SVM parameters. Secondly, cost-con- scious formula is presented for fitness function and it contains in detail training time, recognition accuracy and the feature selection. The CLS-SVM algorithm is presented to increase the performance of the LS-SVM classifier. The new method can select the best fault features in much shorter time and have fewer support vectbrs and better general- ization performance in the application of fault diagnosis of the blast furnace. Thirdly, a gradual change binary tree is established for blast furnace faults diagnosis. It is a multi-class classification method based on center-of-gravity formula distance of cluster. A gradual change classification percentage ia used to select sample randomly. The proposed new metbod raises the sped of diagnosis, optimizes the classifieation scraraey and has good generalization ability for fault diagnosis of the application of blast furnace.

  9. Heterologous expression of the gourd E3 ubiquitin ligase gene LsRZF1 compromises the drought stress tolerance in Arabidopsis thaliana.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Min, Ji-Hee; Ju, Hyun-Woo; Yang, Kwang-Yeol; Chung, Jung-Sung; Cho, Baik-Ho; Kim, Cheol Soo

    2014-04-01

    Protein ubiquitination is one of the major regulatory processes used by eukaryotic cells. The ubiquitin E3 ligase acts as a main determinant of substrate specificity. However, the precise roles of E3 ligase in plants to drought stress are poorly understood. In this study, a gourd family (Lagenaria siceraria) ortholog of Arabidopsis thaliana RING Zinc Finger 1 (AtRZF1) gene, designated LsRZF1, was identified and characterized. LsRZF1 was reduced by abscisic acid (ABA), osmotic stress, and drought conditions. Compared to wild type, transgenic Arabidopsis plants ectopic expressing LsRZF1 were hypersensitive to ABA and osmotic stress during early seedling development, indicating that LsRZF1 negatively regulates drought-mediated control of early seedling development. Moreover, the ectopic expression of the LsRZF1 gene was very influential in drought sensitive parameters including proline content, water loss, and the expression of dehydration stress-related genes. Furthermore, ubiquitin E3 ligase activity and genetic data indicate that AtRZF1 and LsRZF1 function in similar pathway to control proline metabolism in Arabidopsis under drought condition. Together, these results suggest that the E3 ligase LsRZF1 is an important regulator of water deficit stress during early seedling development.

  10. Speech emotion recognition based on LS-SVM%基才LS-SVM的情感语音识别

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周慧; 魏霖静

    2012-01-01

    The dissertation proposed an approach for emotional speech recognition based on LS-SVM. First, pitch frequency, energy, speech rate parameters extracted from speech signals as emotional features. Then emotional speech modeling is established with LS-SVM method. Experimental results show that, basic emotion recognition can get high recognition rates.%提出了一种基于LS—SVM的情感语音识别方法。即先提取实验中语音信号的基频,能量,语速等参数为情感特征,然后采用LS—SVM方法对相应的情感语音信号建立模型,进行识别。实验结果表明,利用LS—SVM进行基本情感识别时,识别率较高。

  11. Chemsensor of NO2 gas based on porphyrin of 5, 10, 15, 20-tetraphenylporphyrin LB films and LS films

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nelício Faria de Sales

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The sensitivity of 5, 10, 15, 20-tetraphenylporphyrin (H2TPP to the presence of NO2 gas in diluted solutions and in Langmuir-Blodgett (LB and Langmuir-Schaefer (LS films was investigated by UV-visible spectroscopy. The shift of Soret and Q bands were analyzed and the energies involved were calculated. The exposure of LB porphyrin films deposited onto glass slides to NO2 has performed as an active chemsensor with 7000 ppm gas concentration. Furthermore, the UV-vis dichroism absorption results associated with the Soret bands have given evidence of the tilt angle of the macrocycle related to the substrate. H2TPP in LB film was tilted by an angle of 51 ± 5° and in the LS film was tilted by an angle of 36° ± 5° indicating the formation of a preferential organization of the molecular films depending on the deposition method.

  12. Tables of Relative Strengths of Spectral Lines with Mixed Vector Couplings: Dipole Transitions Between LS and Other Couplings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gongora, T. A.; Escalante, V.

    1991-04-01

    RESUMEN Se presentan tablas de intensidades de oscilador de dipolares del tipo (2SP+1)Lp ni - (2SP+l)Lp ml' para 0 esquema de acoplamiento LS y el otro se describe en el esquema de acoplamiento LK, jK 6 jj. Nuestros resultados son utiles en Ia interpretaci6n e identificaci6n de lfneas espectrales entre estados con ntimeros cuanticos similares. ABSTRACT Tables are presented for the relative strength of dipole transitions of the type (2SP+l)Lp ni - (2SP+l)Lp ml' for 0 < Sp < 2, 0 < Lp < 2, 1 < 1 <4, and for any n and m, in which one of the states is described with the Ls coupling scheme, and the other is described with the LK, jK, or jj coupling scheme. Our results are useful in the interpretation and identification of spectral lines between states with similar quantum numbers. K words: ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR DATA - PROBABILITES

  13. Simulación de un choque lateral con Dummy sin cinturón mediante LS-DYNA

    OpenAIRE

    Sánchez Aguilera, Jesús

    2011-01-01

    El objetivo de este proyecto es analizar un modelo tridimensional de simulación del impacto lateral entre dos vehículos con diferentes condiciones iníciales mediante el uso de los programas Ls-PrePost y Ls-Dyna. El estudio se focaliza en la homologación de vehículos automóviles según el reglamento 95 de la Unión Europea. Para ello se medirán diferentes parámetros en el dummy. Los valores de la simulación del caso con cinturón se podrán comparar gracias a los datos suministrados en el proyecto...

  14. γ-Synuclein confers both pro-invasive and doxorubicin-mediated pro-apoptotic properties to the colon adenocarcinoma LS 174T cell line.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goh, Kai-Wey; Say, Yee-How

    2015-09-01

    γ-synuclein, a neuronal protein of the synuclein family, is involved in carcinogenesis. To investigate its role in colorectal cancer carcinogenesis, we overexpressed γ-synuclein in LS 174T colon adenocarcinoma cell line (termed LS 174T-γsyn). When compared with untransfected/mock transfectants, LS 174T-γsyn had higher mobility in scratch wound assay, tend to scatter more in cell-scattering assay, and had enhanced lamellipodia and filopodia formation in cell-spreading assay. Enhanced adhesion of LS 174T-γsyn to fibronectin and collagen and significantly higher proliferation rate showed that γ-synuclein was able to increase extracellular matrix interaction and promoted proliferation of LS 174T. Higher invasiveness of LS 174T-γsyn was evidenced by enhanced invasion to the bottom of the basement membrane in Boyden chamber assay. However, LS 174T-γsyn were significantly more vulnerable to doxorubicin, vincristine and hydrogen peroxide insults, via apoptotic cell death. LS 174T-γsyn also had reduced anchorage-independent growth as shown by reduced colony formation and reduced anoikis resistance. We found that overexpression of γ-synuclein confers both pro-invasive and doxorubicin-mediated pro-apoptotic properties to LS 174T, where the former was mediated through enhanced cyclic adenosine monophosphate response element binding protein (CREB) phosphorylation, while the latter involved hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) downregulation and subsequent downstream signalling pathways possibly involving extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK)1/2, p38α, c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) pan and Signal Transducers and Activators of Transcription (STATs). This unexpected contrasting finding as compared to other similar studies on colon cancer cell lines might be correlated with the degree of tumour advancement from which the cell lines were derived from.

  15. The effect of the sigma-1 receptor selective compound LS-1-137 on the DOI-induced head twitch response in mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malik, Maninder; Rangel-Barajas, Claudia; Mach, Robert H; Luedtke, Robert R

    2016-09-01

    Several receptor mediated pathways have been shown to modulate the murine head twitch response (HTR). However, the role of sigma receptors in the murine (±)-2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodoamphetamine (DOI)-induced HTR has not been previously investigated. We examined the ability of LS-1-137, a novel sigma-1 vs. sigma-2 receptor selective phenylacetamide, to modulate the DOI-induced HTR in DBA/2J mice. We also assessed the in vivo efficacy of reference sigma-1 receptor antagonists and agonists PRE-084 and PPCC. The effect of the sigma-2 receptor selective antagonist RHM-1-86 was also examined. Rotarod analysis was performed to monitor motor coordination after LS-1-137 administration. Radioligand binding techniques were used to determine the affinity of LS-1-137 at 5-HT2A and 5-HT2C receptors. LS-1-137 and the sigma-1 receptor antagonists haloperidol and BD 1047 were able to attenuate a DOI-induced HTR, indicating that LS-1-137 was acting in vivo as a sigma-1 receptor antagonist. LS-1-137 did not compromise rotarod performance within a dose range capable of attenuating the effects of DOI. Radioligand binding studies indicate that LS-1-137 exhibits low affinity binding at both 5-HT2A and 5-HT2C receptors. Based upon the results from these and our previous studies, LS-1-137 is a neuroprotective agent that attenuates the murine DOI-induced HTR independent of activity at 5-HT2 receptor subtypes, D2-like dopamine receptors, sigma-2 receptors and NMDA receptors. LS-1-137 appears to act as a sigma-1 receptor antagonist to inhibit the DOI-induced HTR. Therefore, the DOI-induced HTR can be used to assess the in vivo efficacy of sigma-1 receptor selective compounds.

  16. Effect of Co-overexpression of Nisin Key Genes on Nisin Production Improvement in Lactococcus lactis LS01.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ni, Zhi-Jian; Zhang, Xiao-Yuan; Liu, Fei; Wang, Miao; Hao, Rong-Hua; Ling, Pei-Xue; Zhu, Xi-Qiang

    2017-06-01

    Nisin is a small antimicrobial peptide produced by several subset strains of Lactococcus lactis. To improve nisin yield in the producer L. lactis LS01, we proposed a successive fusion of nisA with nisRK and nisFEG into a single shuttle expression vector pMG36e under the control of the native strong constitutive promoter p32. Subsequently, the recombinant vectors were transplanted into the producer cell through electroporation. Nisin productivity was determined through sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and bioactivity assays. Expression of nisin peptide was detected by agar diffusion bioassay, and the transcriptional levels of the target genes involved in nisin biosynthesis were investigated via semi-quantitative reverse transcription PCR expression analysis using 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) as an internal control. Results suggested that the introduction of empty plasmid did not affect nisin production of L. lactis LS01, whereas by our rational construction and screening, the engineered strain co-overexpressing nisA, nisRK, and nisFEG achieved a maximum increment in bioactive nisin production with a yield of 2470 IU/ml in shake flasks and 4857 IU/ml in 1.0-l fermenters, which increased by approximately 66.3 and 52.6% (P nisE at transcriptional level were upregulated in the two recombinant strains (LS01/pAR and LS01/pARF), possibly contributing to the improved nisin production. Therefore, this study would provide a potential strategy to improve the economic benefits of nisin manufacture for large-scale industrial production.

  17. Fast-Solving Quasi-Optimal LS-S$³$VM Based on an Extended Candidate Set.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Yuefeng; Liang, Xun; Kwok, James T; Li, Jianping; Zhou, Xiaoping; Zhang, Haiyan

    2017-02-14

    The semisupervised least squares support vector machine (LS-S³VM) is an important enhancement of least squares support vector machines in semisupervised learning. Given that most data collected from the real world are without labels, semisupervised approaches are more applicable than standard supervised approaches. Although a few training methods for LS-S³VM exist, the problem of deriving the optimal decision hyperplane efficiently and effectually has not been solved. In this paper, a fully weighted model of LS-S³VM is proposed, and a simple integer programming (IP) model is introduced through an equivalent transformation to solve the model. Based on the distances between the unlabeled data and the decision hyperplane, a new indicator is designed to represent the possibility that the label of an unlabeled datum should be reversed in each iteration during training. Using the indicator, we construct an extended candidate set consisting of the indices of unlabeled data with high possibilities, which integrates more information from unlabeled data. Our algorithm is degenerated into a special scenario of the previous algorithm when the extended candidate set is reduced into a set with only one element. Two strategies are utilized to determine the descent directions based on the extended candidate set. Furthermore, we developed a novel method for locating a good starting point based on the properties of the equivalent IP model. Combined with the extended candidate set and the carefully computed starting point, a fast algorithm to solve LS-S³VM quasi-optimally is proposed. The choice of quasi-optimal solutions results in low computational cost and avoidance of overfitting. Experiments show that our algorithm equipped with the two designed strategies is more effective than other algorithms in at least one of the following three aspects: 1) computational complexity; 2) generalization ability; and 3) flexibility. However, our algorithm and other algorithms have similar

  18. Mass Transfer in a closed stirred gas/liquid contactor: Part 1: The mass transfer rate kLS

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koetsier, W.T.; Thoenes, D.; Frankena, J.F.

    1973-01-01

    Liquid phase mass transfer rates kLS for the absorption of oxygen in tap water and in aqueous ionic solutions have been determined in two closed stirred tank contactors for a power input between 3 and 70 W/kg and (impeller diameter)f(tank diameter) ratios DifT of 0.3, 0.35 and 0.4. The contactors

  19. DISEÑO Y EVALUACIÓN DE UN CLASIFICADOR DE TEXTURAS BASADO EN LS-SVM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beitmantt Cárdenas Quintero

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Evaluar el desempeño y el costo computacional de diferentes arquitecturas y metodologías Least Square Support Vector Machine (LS-SVM ante la segmentación de imágenes por textura y a partir de dichos resultados postular un modelo de un clasificador de texturas LS-SVM.  Metodología: Ante un problema de clasificación binaria representado por la segmentación  de 32 imágenes, organizadas en 4 grupos y formadas por pares de texturas típicas (granito/corteza, ladrillo/tapicería, madera/mármol, tejido/pelaje, se mide y compara el desempeño y el costo computacional de dos tipos de núcleo (Radial / Polinomial, dos funciones de optimización (mínimo local / búsqueda exhaustiva y dos funciones de costo (validación cruzada aleatoria / Validación cruzada dejando al menos uno en una LS-SVM que toma como entrada los pixeles que conforman la vecindad cruz del pixel a evaluar (no se hace extracción de características. Resultados: LS-SVM como clasificador de texturas, presenta mejor desempeño y exige menor costo computacional cuando utiliza un kernel de base radial y una función de optimización basada en un algoritmo de búsqueda de mínimos locales acompañado de una función de costo que use validación cruzada aleatoria.

  20. Photocatalytic killing effect of TiO2 nanoparticles on Ls-174-t human colon carcinoma cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ai-Ping Zhang; Yan-Ping Sun

    2004-01-01

    AIM: To investigate the photocatalytic killing effect of photoexcited TiO2 nanoparticles on human colon carcinoma cell line (Ls-174-t) and to study the mechanism underlying the action of photoexcited TiO2 nanoparticles on malignant cells.METHODS: Ls-174-t human colon carcinoma cells were cultured in RPMI 1640 medium supplemented with 199 mL/L calf serum in a humidified incubator with an atmosphere of 50 mL/L CO2 at 37 ℃. Viable cells in the samples were measured by using the MlT method. A GGZ-300 W high pressure Hg lamp with a maximum ultraviolet-A (UVA, 320-400 nm) irradiation peak at 365 nm was used as light source in the photocatalytic killing test.RESULTS: The photocatalytic killing of Ls-174-t cells was carried out in vitro with TiO2 nanoparticles. The killing effect was weak by using UVA irradiation without TiO2 nanoparticles.In our studies, the photocatalytic killing effect was correlated with the concentration of TiO2 and illumination time. Once TiO2 was added, Ls-174-t cells were killed at a much higher rate. In the presence of 1 000 μg/mL TiO2, 44% of cells were killed after 10 min of UVA irradiation, and 88% of cells were killed after 30 min of UVA irradiation.CONCLUSION: When the concentration of TiO2 is below 200 μg/mL, the photocatalytic killing effect on human colon carcinoma cells is almost the same as that of UVA irradiation alone. When the concentration of TiO2 is above 200 μg/mL,the remarkable killing effect of photoexcited TiO2 nanoparticles can be found.

  1. Protonation of Alcohols in Sulfuric Acid Solutions at UT/LS Conditions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michelsen, R. R.; Vernier, K.; Axson, J.; Morley, D.

    2007-12-01

    The protonation of several small alcohols (ethanol, 2-propanol, and 1-butanol) in cold sulfuric acid aqueous solutions was measured using variable temperature 13C nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. The acidity of the sulfuric acid + deuterium oxide solutions ranged from 43 to 81 weight percent (wt %) H2SO4. The pKBH+ values, which are a measure of the acidity of each alcohol, range from -2.0 for butanol at room temperature to -2.2 for ethanol at -20°C. The protonation enthalpies of the three alcohols over the temperature range of 22°C to -35°C were found to be small and negative, ranging from -1.8 kJ mol-1 for 2-propanol to -2.3 kJ mol-1 for ethanol. A small, negative protonation enthalpy means that the degree of protonation of the alcohol slightly decreases as temperature decreases. The pKBH+values and protonation enthalpies are used to predict the form of dissolved alcohols in sulfate aerosols. For typical upper troposphere/lower stratosphere (UT/LS) conditions (40-70 wt % H2SO4 and 220 K), all three alcohols increase from approximately 10% protonated in 40 wt % H2SO4 to over 60% protonated in 70 wt % H2SO4. The percent of protonated alcohol depends more strongly on m*, the slope factor of the excess acidity treatment, than on pKBH+ values. This relationship may reflect solvation effects. The treatment of strongly acidic, non-ideal solutions as applied to organic solutes in sulfate aerosol particles will be discussed.

  2. 'Mrs L.'s case': a celebrated South Australian surgical case.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elmslie, R G

    1991-10-01

    This paper concerns a dispute at the Adelaide Hospital in September 1896 between Professor Archibald Watson, Pathologist, Honorary Consulting Surgeon and sole remaining University teacher at the hospital, and Alexander Disney Leith Napier, who had arrived from England to fill the place of the honorary surgeons who had resigned from the hospital. Watson accused Napier of incompetence in his management of 'Mrs L.', who died after a femoral hernia operation. Mrs L had a form of internal hernia causing intestinal obstruction, whereas all the medical attendants, including Watson, originally thought an old femoral hernia was the cause of her illness. By fortuitous coincidence the operation on the femoral hernia could have cured the internal hernia if the band of omentum attached to the femoral hernia had been divided. Watson became aware of the band at the post-mortem and then asserted that the operation should have taken it into account. Napier complained to the Board of the Hospital, alleging that Watson had misrepresented the facts when he conducted the post-mortem on the patient and that he was disloyal to the hospital. The Board found the complaint proved and invited Watson to resign; he declined and was dismissed. Undaunted, Watson circulated a privately printed pamphlet (entitled 'Mrs L.'s case'), which re-stated the events of the case and graphically described his post-mortem findings. It was submitted to the Chairman of a Select Committee of the Legislative Council of South Australia established to review the running of the hospital. The Committee recommended the setting up of a Royal Commission but the Government let the matter lapse.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

  3. Reduced myofibroblast differentiation on femtosecond laser treated 316LS stainless steel

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oberringer, Martin [Department of Trauma, Hand and Reconstructive Surgery, Saarland University, Homburg (Germany); Akman, Erhan [Laser Technologies Research and Application Center (LATARUM), Kocaeli University, Yenikoey/Kocaeli (Turkey); Lee, Juseok [CVD/Biosurfaces Division, INM - Leibniz Institute for New Materials, Saarbruecken (Germany); Metzger, Wolfgang [Department of Trauma, Hand and Reconstructive Surgery, Saarland University, Homburg (Germany); Akkan, Cagri Kaan [CVD/Biosurfaces Division, INM - Leibniz Institute for New Materials, Saarbruecken (Germany); Kacar, Elif [Laser Technologies Research and Application Center (LATARUM), Kocaeli University, Yenikoey/Kocaeli (Turkey); Demir, Arif [Laser Technologies Research and Application Center (LATARUM), Kocaeli University, Yenikoey/Kocaeli (Turkey); BEAM Ar-Ge Optic, Laser and Spectroscopy, KOU Technopark, Kocaeli, 41275 (Turkey); Abdul-Khaliq, Hashim [Clinic for Pediatric Cardiology, Saarland University Hospital, Homburg (Germany); Puetz, Norbert; Wennemuth, Gunther [Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Saarland University, Homburg (Germany); Pohlemann, Tim [Department of Trauma, Hand and Reconstructive Surgery, Saarland University, Homburg (Germany); Veith, Michael [CVD/Biosurfaces Division, INM - Leibniz Institute for New Materials, Saarbruecken (Germany); Aktas, Cenk, E-mail: cenk.aktas@inm-gmbh.de [CVD/Biosurfaces Division, INM - Leibniz Institute for New Materials, Saarbruecken (Germany)

    2013-03-01

    In-stent restenosis is a common complication after stent surgery which leads to a dangerous wall narrowing of a blood vessel. Laser assisted patterning is one of the effective methods to modify the stent surface to control cell-surface interactions which play a major role in the restenosis. In this current study, 316LS stainless steel substrates are structured by focusing a femtosecond laser beam down to a spot size of 50 {mu}m. By altering the laser induced spot density three distinct surfaces (low density (LD), medium density (MD) and high density (HD)) were prepared. While such surfaces are composed of primary microstructures, due to fast melting and re-solidification by ultra-short laser pulses, nanofeatures are also observed as secondary structures. Following a detailed surface characterization (chemical and physical properties of the surface), we used a well-established co-culture assay of human microvascular endothelial cells and human fibroblasts to check the cell compatibility of the prepared surfaces. The surfaces were analyzed in terms of cell adherence, proliferation, cell morphology and the differentiation of the fibroblast into the myofibroblast, which is a process indicating a general fibrotic shift within a certain tissue. It is observed that myofibroblast proliferation decreases significantly on laser treated samples in comparison to non-treated ones. On the other hand endothelial cell proliferation is not affected by the surface topography which is composed of micro- and nanostructures. Such surfaces may be used to modify stent surfaces for prevention or at least reduction of restenosis. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Reduced myofibroblast proliferation by micro- and nanotopography Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Ultra-hydrophobic surfaces by femtosecond laser structuring Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Micro- and nanostructuring of stainless steel surfaces by a femtosecond laser.

  4. Effects of grit roughness and pitch oscillations on the LS(1)-0417MOD airfoil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Janiszewska, J.M.; Ramsay, R.R.; Hoffman, M.J.; Gregorek, G.M. [Ohio State Univ., Columbus, OH (United States)

    1996-01-01

    Horizontal axis wind turbine rotors experience unsteady aerodynamics due to wind shear when the rotor is yawed, when rotor blades pass through the support tower wake, and when the wind is gusting. An understanding of this unsteady behavior is necessary to assist in the calculations of rotor performance and loads. The rotors also experience performance degradation caused by surface roughness. These surface irregularities are due to the accumulation of insect debris, ice, and/or the aging process. Wind tunnel studies that examine both the steady and unsteady behavior of airfoils can help define pertinent flow phenomena, and the resultant data can be used to validate analytical computer codes. An LS(l)-0417MOD airfoil model was tested in The Ohio State University Aeronautical and Astronautical Research Laboratory (OSU/AARL) 3{times}5 subsonic wind tunnel (3{times}5) under steady flow and stationary model conditions, as well as with the model undergoing pitch oscillations. To study the possible extent of performance loss due to surface roughness, a standard grit pattern (LEGR) was used to simulate leading edge contamination. After baseline cases were completed, the LEGR was applied for both steady state and model pitch oscillation cases. The Reynolds numbers for steady state conditions were 0.75, 1, 1.25, and 1.5 million, while the angle of attack ranged from {minus}20{degrees} to +40{degrees}. With the model undergoing pitch oscillations, data were acquired at Reynolds numbers of 0.75, 1, 1.25, and 1.5 million, at frequencies of 0.6, 1.2, and 1.8 Hz. Two sine wave forcing functions were used, {plus_minus} 5.5%{degrees} and {plus_minus} 10{degrees}, at mean angles of attack of 8{degrees}, 14{degrees}, and 20{degrees}. For purposes herein, any reference to unsteady conditions foil model was in pitch oscillation about the quarter chord.

  5. COMPETENZA DIGITALE E GLOTTOTECNOLOGIE PER L’INSEGNANTE DI ITALIANO L2/LS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diego Santalucia

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available L’articolo, prendendo spunto da recenti progetti che spingono per un utilizzo sempre più esteso di tablet e strumenti digitali in classe, fa riferimento alla Raccomandazione del Parlamento Europeo e del Consiglio dell’Unione Europea (2006 per discutere alcuni degli elementi rappresentativi della “competenza digitale” che la Raccomandazione delinea. Alla luce di questi elementi si sviluppano alcune indicazioni sull’uso ragionato dei motori di ricerca e di alcune risorse offerte dalla rete, come Google Docs e Google Drive.Seguono una breve illustrazione di Edmodo, una piattaforma didattica social, e alcune indicazioni sull’utilizzo degli smartphone per l’accesso a risorse utili e semplici da condividere in classe. Sono tracciate alcune linee guida sulla gestione di risorse già accessibili in rete e che sono, quindi, a disposizione di quegli insegnanti di Italiano L2/LS che vogliano utilizzare sistemi di condivisione online a sostegno della didattica in presenza.Digital competence and digital language teaching for Italian L2/FL teachersThe article, inspired by recent projects that push for an ever-wider use of tablets and digital tools in the classroom, refers to the Recommendation of the European Parliament and of the Council of the European Union (2006 discusses some of the representative elements of “digital competence” that the Recommendation outlines. In light of these elements, some guidelines on the use of search engines and some resources offered by the network, such as Google Docs and Google Drive, are offered.This is followed by a brief description of Edmodo, a social learning platform, and information on the use of smartphones to access helpful resources that are easy to share in class. Finally, some guidelines on the management of resources already available on the Internet for Italian L2/FL teachers who want to use online sharing systems to support of frontal lessons are given.

  6. Liver steatosis (LS) evaluated through chemical-shift magnetic resonance imaging liver enzymes in morbid obesity; effect of weight loss obtained with intragastric balloon gastric banding.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Folini, Laura; Veronelli, Annamaria; Benetti, Alberto; Pozzato, Carlo; Cappelletti, Marco; Masci, Enzo; Micheletto, Giancarlo; Pontiroli, Antonio E

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate in morbid obesity clinical and metabolic effects related to weight loss on liver steatosis (LS), measured through chemical-shift magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and liver enzymes. Forty obese subjects (8 M/32 W; BMI 42.8 ± 7.12 kg/m(2), mean ± SD) were evaluated for LS through ultrasound (US-LS), chemical-shift MRI (MRI-LS), liver enzymes [aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), γ-glutamyltransferase (GGT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP)], anthropometric parameters [weight, BMI, waist circumference (WC)], lipids, insulin, insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), oral glucose tolerance test, and body composition [fat mass (FM) and fat-free mass (FFM) at bio-impedance analysis (BIA)]. Anthropometric measures, MRI-LS, BIA, and biochemical parameters were reevaluated 6 months later in 18 subjects undergoing restrictive bariatric approach, i.e., intragastric balloon (BIB, n = 13) or gastric banding (LAGB, n = 5), and in 13 subjects receiving hypocaloric diet. At baseline, US-LS correlates only with MRI-LS, and the latter correlates with ALT, AST, and GGT. After 6 months, subjects undergoing BIB or LAGB had significant changes of BMI, weight, WC, ALT, AST, GGT, ALP, HbA1c, insulin, HOMA-IR, FM, FFM, and MRI-LS. Diet-treated obese subjects had no significant change of any parameter under study; change of BMI, fat mass, and fat-free mass was significantly greater in LAGB/BIB subjects than in diet-treated subjects. Change of MRI-LS showed a significant correlation with changes in weight, BMI, WC, GGT, ALP, and basal MRI-LS. Significant weight loss after BIB or LAGB is associated with decrease in chemical-shift MRI-LS and with reduction in liver enzymes; chemical-shift MRI and liver enzymes allow monitoring of LS in follow-up studies.

  7. FEA of the clinching process of short fiber reinforced thermoplastic with an aluminum sheet using LS-DYNA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Behrens, B.-A.; Bouguecha, A.; Vucetic, M.; Grbic, N.

    2016-10-01

    A structural concept in multi-material design is used in the automotive industry with the aim of achieving significant weight reductions of conventional car bodies. In this respect, the use of aluminum and short fiber reinforced plastics represents an interesting material combination. A wide acceptance of such a material combination requires a suitable joining technique. Among different joining techniques, clinching represents one of the most appealing alternative for automotive applications. This contribution deals with the FE simulation of the clinching process of two representative materials PA6GF30 and EN AW 5754 using the FE software LS-DYNA. With regard to the material modelling of the aluminum sheet, an isotropic material model based on the von Mises plasticity implemented in LS-DYNA was chosen. Analogous to aluminum, the same material model is used for modelling the short fiber reinforced thermoplastic. Additionally, a semi-analytical model for polymers (SAMP-1) also available in LS-DYNA was taken. Finally, the FEA of clinching process is carried out and the comparison of the simulation results is presented above.

  8. VHE observations of the gamma-ray binary system LS 5039 with H.E.S.S

    CERN Document Server

    Mariaud, C; Aharonian, F; Boettcher, M; Dubus, G; de Naurois, M; Romoli, C

    2015-01-01

    LS 5039 is a gamma-ray binary system observed in a broad energy range, from radio to TeV energies. The binary system exhibits both flux and spectral modulation as a function of its orbital period. The X-ray and very-high-energy (VHE, E > 100 GeV) gamma-ray fluxes display a maximum/minimum at inferior/superior conjunction, with spectra becoming respectively harder/softer, a behaviour that is completely reversed in the high-energy domain (HE, 0.1 10 GeV that is compatible with the low-energy tail of the TeV emission. The low 10 - 100 GeV flux, however, makes the HE and VHE components difficult to reconcile with a scenario including emission from only a single particle population. We report on new observations of LS 5039 conducted with the High Energy Stereoscopic System (H.E.S.S.) telescopes from 2006 to 2015. This new data set enables for an unprecedentedly-deep phase-folded coverage of the source at TeV energies, as well as an extension of the VHE spectral range down to ~120 GeV, which makes LS 5039 the firs...

  9. Influence of the HCR-20, LS/CMI, and PCL-R on decisions about parole suitability among lifers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guy, Laura S; Kusaj, Cliff; Packer, Ira K; Douglas, Kevin S

    2015-06-01

    Among 5,181 inmates indeterminately sentenced to life in California who were evaluated for parole suitability between January 2009 and November 2010, 11% were granted parole. After administration of the HCR-20, LS/CMI, and PCL-R, psychologists judged most inmates (78%) to be at low or moderate risk for future violence. This overall risk rating (ORR) was significantly associated with parole suitability decisions. Moderate to large associations were observed between the ORR and all risk indices. The HCR-20 Clinical and Risk Management scales demonstrated the strongest associations with parole suitability decisions. Among the LS/CMI scales, Procriminal Attitudes and Leisure/Recreation were most predictive of failure to obtain parole. PCL-R scores had little influence on parole suitability decisions beyond the HCR-20 and LS/CMI. Overall, findings suggest parole board members' decisions were consistent with empirically supported practice, in that individuals assessed to be at relatively low risk were far more likely to be granted parole than those assessed to be at moderate or high risk for future violence.

  10. Evaluation of medium-chain-length polyhydroxyalkanoate production by Pseudomonas putida LS46 using biodiesel by-product streams.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fu, Jilagamazhi; Sharma, Umesh; Sparling, Richard; Cicek, Nazim; Levin, David B

    2014-07-01

    Medium-chain-length polyhydroxyalkanoate (mcl-PHA) production by Pseudomonas putida LS46 was analyzed in shake-flask-based batch reactions, using pure chemical-grade glycerol (PG), biodiesel-derived "waste" glycerol (WG), and biodiesel-derived "waste" free fatty acids (WFA). Cell growth, substrate consumption, mcl-PHA accumulation within the cells, and the monomer composition of the synthesized biopolymers were monitored. The patterns of mcl-PHA synthesis in P. putida LS46 cells grown on PG and WG were similar but differed from that of cells grown with WFA. Polymer accumulation in glycerol-based cultures was stimulated by nitrogen limitation and plateaued after 48 h in both PG and WG cultures, with a total accumulation of 17.9% cell dry mass and 16.3% cell dry mass, respectively. In contrast, mcl-PHA synthesis was independent of nitrogen concentration in P. putida LS46 cells cultured with WFA, which accumulated to 29% cell dry mass. In all cases, the mcl-PHAs synthesized consisted primarily of 3-hydroxyoctanoate (C(8)) and 3-hydroxydecanoate (C(10)). WG and WFA supported similar or greater cell growth and mcl-PHA accumulation than PG under the experimental conditions used. These results suggest that biodiesel by-product streams could be used as low-cost carbon sources for sustainable mcl-PHA production.

  11. Functional analysis of the stability determinant AlfB of pBET131, a miniplasmid derivative of bacillus subtilis (natto) plasmid pLS32.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanaka, Teruo

    2010-03-01

    Bacillus subtilis plasmid pBET131 is a derivative of pLS32, which was isolated from a natto strain of Bacillus subtilis. The DNA region in pBET131 that confers segregational stability contains an operon consisting of three genes, of which alfA, encoding an actin-like ATPase, and alfB are essential for plasmid stability. In this work, the alfB gene product and its target DNA region were studied in detail. Transcription of the alf operon initiated from a sigma(A)-type promoter was repressed by the alfB gene product. Overproduction of AlfA was inhibitory to cell growth, suggesting that the repression of the alf operon by AlfB is important for maintaining appropriate levels of AlfA. An electrophoretic mobility shift assay and footprinting analysis with purified His-tagged AlfB showed that it bound to a DNA region containing three tandem repeats of 8-bp AT-rich sequence (here designated parN), which partially overlaps the -35 sequence of the promoter. A sequence alteration in the first or third repeat did not affect the AlfB binding and plasmid stability, whereas that in the second repeat resulted in inhibition of these phenomena. The repression of alfA-lacZ expression was observed in the constructs carrying a mutation in either the first or third repeat, but not in the second repeat, indicating a correlation between plasmid stability, AlfB binding, and repression. It was also demonstrated by the yeast two-hybrid system that AlfA and AlfB interact with each other and among themselves. From these results, it was concluded that AlfB participates in partitioning pBET131 by forming a complex with AlfA and parN, the mode of which is typified by the type II partition mechanism.

  12. Hybrid Gear

    Science.gov (United States)

    Handschuh, Robert F. (Inventor); Roberts, Gary D. (Inventor)

    2016-01-01

    A hybrid gear consisting of metallic outer rim with gear teeth and metallic hub in combination with a composite lay up between the shaft interface (hub) and gear tooth rim is described. The composite lay-up lightens the gear member while having similar torque carrying capability and it attenuates the impact loading driven noise/vibration that is typical in gear systems. The gear has the same operational capability with respect to shaft speed, torque, and temperature as an all-metallic gear as used in aerospace gear design.

  13. Hybrid Qualifications

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    has turned out as a major focus of European education and training policies and certainly is a crucial principle underlying the European Qualifications Framework (EQF). In this context, «hybrid qualifications» (HQ) may be seen as an interesting approach to tackle these challenges as they serve «two...... masters», i.e. by producing skills for the labour market and enabling individuals to progress more or less directly to higher education. The specific focus of this book is placed on conditions, structures and processes which help to combine VET with qualifications leading into higher education...

  14. A UT/LS ozone climatology of the nineteen seventies deduced from the GASP aircraft measurement program

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Schnadt Poberaj

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available The knowledge of historical ozone in the upper troposphere/lower stratosphere (UT/LS region is mostly confined to regular measurements from a number of ozonesonde stations. We present ozone measurements of the Global Atmospheric Sampling Program (GASP performed from four commercial and one research aircraft during 1975 to 1979. Using GASP data, a UT/LS ozone climatology of 1975–1979 was built. Seasonality and concentrations of GASP UT ozone in the middle, subtropical and tropical regions of the northern hemisphere (NH are generally in agreement with other published observations, derived from ozonesondes or aircraft campaigns. In regions where both GASP (1970s and MOZAIC (1990s data are available, similar ozone concentrations are found and seasonal cycles agree well confirming the reliability of GASP ozone. GASP provides unique large-scale climatological information on UT/LS ozone above the NH Pacific region. Agreement is found with observations from individual ozonesonde sites and aircraft campaigns carried out over this region. Tropical UT ozone is seen to be lower near the dateline than further east, presumably related to uplift of ozone poor air within convection. Over the west coast of the United States, summer UT ozone is higher than over the adjacent Pacific, probably caused by air pollution over southern California in the 1970s. GASP offers an unprecedented opportunity to link to European, Canadian and U.S. American ozonesonde observations of the 1970s. For the quantitative comparison, an altitude offset was applied to the sonde data to account for the slow response time of the sensors. In the LS, the European and Canadian Brewer-Mast (BM sensors then agree to ±10% with the GASP instruments in all seasons. In the UT, the European BM sondes record similar to slightly less average ozone than GASP, however, with large variability overlaid. Over the eastern United States, systematic positive deviations of the Wallops Island ECC sondes from

  15. Early growth and development of reciprocal hybrids of the starry flounder Platichthys stellatus and stone flounder Kareius bicoloratus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamashita, Y T; Aritaki, M; Kurita, Y; Tanaka, M

    2014-05-01

    Larval growth and development of hybrid flounder were observed and compared with those of their parent species. The reciprocal hybrids of female starry flounder Platichthys stellatus and male stone flounder Kareius bicoloratus (hybrid Sb) and of female K. bicoloratus and male P. stellatus (hybrid Bs) both survived and grew to juveniles. Development was divided into nine stages (A-I). Many of the hybrids' traits were identical and intermediate to those of their parents. The position of the eye, however, was primarily sinistral in both hybrids (80% in Sb and 76% in Bs), a trait possessed by P. stellatus (80%) in the western Pacific Ocean. The daily growth rates of the larvae were similar. In the parent species, development was more rapid in P. stellatus than in K. bicoloratus whereas rate of development was intermediate in both Sb and Bs hybrids. The size at settlement [standard length (LS ) at stage H (mean ± s.d.)] was 9·82 ± 1·47 mm for the hybrid Sb and 9·99 ± 0·90 mm for the hybrid Bs, while the minimum age at metamorphosis (initial age at stage H) was 29 days after hatching (DAH) in both hybrids. In comparison, LS at settlement in parent species was 6·43 ± 0·25 mm for P. stellatus and 12·87 ± 1·29 mm for K. bicoloratus. Minimum age at metamorphosis for the parents was 23 DAH at stage G in P. stellatus and 34 DAH at stage H in K. bicoloratus. Thus, the timing of settlement of hybrids was different from that of their parent species. These traits may occur with high frequency in a natural habitat. © 2014 The Fisheries Society of the British Isles.

  16. Water physics and chemistry data from bottle casts from the CHESAPEAKE L/S and other platforms from 01 January 1957 to 31 December 1957 (NODC Accession 7000291)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Water physics and chemistry data were collected from bottle casts from the CHESAPEAKE L/S and other platforms from 01 January 1957 to 31 December 1957. Data were...

  17. Water physics and chemistry data from bottle casts from the CHESAPEAKE L/S and other platforms from 28 November 1955 to 31 December 1956 (NODC Accession 6800101)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Water physics and chemistry data were collected from bottle casts from the CHESAPEAKE L/S and other platforms from 28 November 1955 to 31 December 1956. Data were...

  18. Synthesis and characterization of sulfonate polystyrene-lignosulfonate-alumina (SPS-LS-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}) polyblends as electrolyte membranes for fuel cell

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gonggo, Siang Tandi, E-mail: standigonggo@yahoo.com [Chemistry Research Groups, Faculty of Teacher Training and Educational Sciences, Tadulako University (Indonesia)

    2015-09-30

    The new type of electrolyte membrane materials has been prepared by blend sulfonated polystyrene (SPS), lignosulfonate (LS), and alumina (SPS-LS-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}) by casting polymer solution. The resulting polymer electrolyte membranes were then characterized by functional groups analysis, mechanical properties, water uptake, ion exchange capacity, and proton conductivity. SPS-LS-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} membranes with alumina composition various have been proven qualitatively by analysis of functional groups. Increasing the Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} ratio resulted in higher ion exchange capacity (IEC), mechanical strength and proton conductivity, but water uptake decreased. The SPS-LS-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} blend showed higher proton conductivity than Nafion 117.

  19. Intuitionistic hybrid logic

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Braüner, Torben

    2011-01-01

    Intuitionistic hybrid logic is hybrid modal logic over an intuitionistic logic basis instead of a classical logical basis. In this short paper we introduce intuitionistic hybrid logic and we give a survey of work in the area.......Intuitionistic hybrid logic is hybrid modal logic over an intuitionistic logic basis instead of a classical logical basis. In this short paper we introduce intuitionistic hybrid logic and we give a survey of work in the area....

  20. Continuity Controlled Hybrid Automata

    OpenAIRE

    Bergstra, J. A.; Middelburg, C.A.

    2004-01-01

    We investigate the connections between the process algebra for hybrid systems of Bergstra and Middelburg and the formalism of hybrid automata of Henzinger et al. We give interpretations of hybrid automata in the process algebra for hybrid systems and compare them with the standard interpretation of hybrid automata as timed transition systems. We also relate the synchronized product operator on hybrid automata to the parallel composition operator of the process algebra. It turns out that the f...

  1. 基于 ABC-LS的传感器节点定位算法%SENSOR NODE LOCALISATION ALGORITHM BASED ON ABC-LS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程丽玲

    2015-01-01

    为了减少无线传感器网络节点的定位误差,提出一种人工蜂群算法(ABC)修正最小二乘(LS)定位误差的传感器节点定位算法( ABC-LS). 首先估计未知传感器节点与信标节点间距离,然后采用LS算法初步确定未知传感器节点位置,最后采用ABC算法对LS算法的节点定位误差进行修正,并采用仿真实验测试ABC-LS与其他节点定位算法的优劣. 结果表明,ABC-LS提高了无线传感器节点的定位精度.%In order to reduce the localisation error of wireless sensor network node, we propose a sensor node localisation algorithm ( ABC-LS), in which the artificial bee colony (ABC) algorithm is used to correct least squares (LS) algorithm.First, the distance between unknown sensor node and anchor node is estimated;then the location of unknown sensor node is initially determined by LS algorithm;finally, ABC algorithm is used to correct the node localisation error of LS algorithm.The pros and cons of ABC-LS algorithm and other node localisation algorithms are tested by simulation experiment, the experimental results show that ABC-LS improves the localisation accuracy of wireless sensor node.

  2. Phase equilibrium for surfactant Ls-54 in liquid CO2 with water and solubility estimation using the Peng-Robinson equation of state

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tarafa, Pedro J.; Matthews, Michael A.

    2010-01-01

    It is known that the commercial surfactant Dehypon® Ls-54 is soluble in supercritical CO2 and that it enables formation of water-in-CO2 microemulsions. In this work we observed phase equilibrium for the Ls-54/CO2 and Ls-54/water/CO2 systems in the liquid CO2 region, from 278.15 - 298.15 K. In addition, the Peng-Robinson equation of state (PREOS) was used to model the phase behavior of Ls-54/CO2 binary system as well as to estimate water solubilities in CO2. Ls-54 in CO2 can have solubilities as high as 0.086 M at 278.15 K and 15.2 MPa. The stability of the microemulsion decreases with increasing concentration of water, and lower temperatures favor increased solubility of water into the one-phase microemulsion. The PREOS model showed satisfactory agreement with the experimental data for both Ls-54/CO2 and water/CO2 systems. PMID:21037962

  3. Phase equilibrium for surfactant Ls-54 in liquid CO(2) with water and solubility estimation using the Peng-Robinson equation of state.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tarafa, Pedro J; Matthews, Michael A

    2010-11-25

    It is known that the commercial surfactant Dehypon® Ls-54 is soluble in supercritical CO(2) and that it enables formation of water-in-CO(2) microemulsions. In this work we observed phase equilibrium for the Ls-54/CO(2) and Ls-54/water/CO(2) systems in the liquid CO(2) region, from 278.15 - 298.15 K. In addition, the Peng-Robinson equation of state (PREOS) was used to model the phase behavior of Ls-54/CO(2) binary system as well as to estimate water solubilities in CO(2). Ls-54 in CO(2) can have solubilities as high as 0.086 M at 278.15 K and 15.2 MPa. The stability of the microemulsion decreases with increasing concentration of water, and lower temperatures favor increased solubility of water into the one-phase microemulsion. The PREOS model showed satisfactory agreement with the experimental data for both Ls-54/CO(2) and water/CO(2) systems.

  4. Hybridized tetraquarks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Esposito

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available We propose a new interpretation of the neutral and charged X,Z exotic hadron resonances. Hybridized-tetraquarks are neither purely compact tetraquark states nor bound or loosely bound molecules but rather a manifestation of the interplay between the two. While meson molecules need a negative or zero binding energy, its counterpart for h-tetraquarks is required to be positive. The formation mechanism of this new class of hadrons is inspired by that of Feshbach metastable states in atomic physics. The recent claim of an exotic resonance in the Bs0π± channel by the D0 Collaboration and the negative result presented subsequently by the LHCb Collaboration are understood in this scheme, together with a considerable portion of available data on X,Z particles. Considerations on a state with the same quantum numbers as the X(5568 are also made.

  5. Hybridized Tetraquarks

    CERN Document Server

    Esposito, A.; Polosa, A.D.

    2016-01-01

    We propose a new interpretation of the neutral and charged X, Z exotic hadron resonances. Hybridized-tetraquarks are neither purely compact tetraquark states nor bound or loosely bound molecules. The latter would require a negative or zero binding energy whose counterpart in h-tetraquarks is a positive quantity. The formation mechanism of this new class of hadrons is inspired by that of Feshbach metastable states in atomic physics. The recent claim of an exotic resonance in the Bs pi+- channel by the D0 collaboration and the negative result presented subsequently by the LHCb collaboration are understood in this scheme, together with a considerable portion of available data on X, Z particles. Considerations on a state with the same quantum numbers as the X(5568) are also made.

  6. 定量泵LS与变量泵LS液压系统仿真研究%Research and Simulation of Quantitative Pump LS and Variable Pump LS Hydraulic System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李昊; 尹欣

    2015-01-01

    介绍了定量泵LS(负荷传感)与变量泵LS系统的工作原理.采用基于AMESIM的仿真技术研究两种负载敏感液压系统在不同工况下的能耗特点.变量泵LS系统中泵的输出功率随着负载功率的变化而变化,定量泵LS中泵的输出功率保持不变.

  7. A ROBUST PHASE-ONLY DIRECT DATA DOMAIN ALGORITHM BASED ON GENERALIZED RAYLEIGH QUOTIENT OPTIMIZATION USING HYBRID GENETIC ALGORITHM

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shao Wei; Qian Zuping; Yuan Feng

    2007-01-01

    A robust phase-only Direct Data Domain Least Squares (D3LS) algorithm based on generalized Rayleigh quotient optimization using hybrid Genetic Algorithm (GA) is presented in this letter. The optimization efficiency and computational speed are improved via the hybrid GA composed of standard GA and Nelder-Mead simplex algorithms. First, the objective function, with a form of generalized Rayleigh quotient, is derived via the standard D3LS algorithm. It is then taken as a fitness function and the unknown phases of all adaptive weights are taken as decision variables.Then, the nonlinear optimization is performed via the hybrid GA to obtain the optimized solution of phase-only adaptive weights. As a phase-only adaptive algorithm, the proposed algorithm is simpler than conventional algorithms when it comes to hardware implementation. Moreover, it processes only a single snapshot data as opposed to forming sample covariance matrix and operating matrix inversion. Simulation results show that the proposed algorithm has a good signal recovery and interferences nulling performance, which are superior to that of the phase-only D3LS algorithm based on standard GA.

  8. A UT/LS ozone climatology of the nineteen seventies deduced from the GASP aircraft measurement program

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Schnadt Poberaj

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available We present ozone measurements of the Global Atmospheric Sampling Program (GASP performed from four commercial and one research aircraft in the late 1970s. The GASP quality assurance and control program was reviewed, and an ozone climatology of the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere (UT/LS of the years 1975–1979 was built. The data set was estimated to have an overall uncertainty of 9% or 3 ppb whichever is greater for the first two years and 4% or 3 ppb for the remaining years, i.e. after implementation of silicone rubber membranes in the pumps. Two cases of nearly coincident flights of two GASP airliners along the same flight route, and the comparison with independent observations from the literature, including ozonesondes and aircraft campaigns, indicate that the ozone measurements are of high quality. The UT/LS climatology of the GASP data set is in general agreement with that derived from MOZAIC in the 1990s in regions covered by both programmes. GASP provides unique large-scale climatological information on UT/LS ozone above the northern hemisphere Pacific region, which is not covered by MOZAIC. There, the GASP climatology confirms several characteristic features derived from individual research aircraft campaigns and from ozone soundings. In particular, summertime ozone in the UT over the midlatitude eastern Pacific Ocean was significantly lower in the 1970s than over the American continent. The generally lower ozone concentrations in the tropics near the dateline as compared to farther east are indicative of convective uplifting of ozone poor air from the marine boundary layer.

  9. A UT/LS ozone climatology of the nineteen seventies deduced from the GASP aircraft measurement program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schnadt Poberaj, C.; Staehelin, J.; Brunner, D.; Thouret, V.; Mohnen, V.

    2007-11-01

    We present ozone measurements of the Global Atmospheric Sampling Program (GASP) performed from four commercial and one research aircraft in the late 1970s. The GASP quality assurance and control program was reviewed, and an ozone climatology of the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere (UT/LS) of the years 1975-1979 was built. The data set was estimated to have an overall uncertainty of 9% or 3 ppb whichever is greater for the first two years and 4% or 3 ppb for the remaining years, i.e. after implementation of silicone rubber membranes in the pumps. Two cases of nearly coincident flights of two GASP airliners along the same flight route, and the comparison with independent observations from the literature, including ozonesondes and aircraft campaigns, indicate that the ozone measurements are of high quality. The UT/LS climatology of the GASP data set is in general agreement with that derived from MOZAIC in the 1990s in regions covered by both programmes. GASP provides unique large-scale climatological information on UT/LS ozone above the northern hemisphere Pacific region, which is not covered by MOZAIC. There, the GASP climatology confirms several characteristic features derived from individual research aircraft campaigns and from ozone soundings. In particular, summertime ozone in the UT over the midlatitude eastern Pacific Ocean was significantly lower in the 1970s than over the American continent. The generally lower ozone concentrations in the tropics near the dateline as compared to farther east are indicative of convective uplifting of ozone poor air from the marine boundary layer.

  10. Gene expression profiling upon (212) Pb-TCMC-trastuzumab treatment in the LS-174T i.p. xenograft model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yong, Kwon J; Milenic, Diane E; Baidoo, Kwamena E; Kim, Young-Seung; Brechbiel, Martin W

    2013-10-01

    Recent studies have demonstrated that therapy with (212) Pb-TCMC-trastuzumab resulted in (1) induction of apoptosis, (2) G2/M arrest, and (3) blockage of double-strand DNA damage repair in LS-174T i.p. (intraperitoneal) xenografts. To further understand the molecular basis of the cell killing efficacy of (212) Pb-TCMC-trastuzumab, gene expression profiling was performed with LS-174T xenografts 24 h after exposure to (212) Pb-TCMC-trastuzumab. DNA damage response genes (84) were screened using a quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction array (qRT-PCR array). Differentially regulated genes were identified following exposure to (212) Pb-TCMC-trastuzumab. These included genes involved in apoptosis (ABL, GADD45α, GADD45γ, PCBP4, and p73), cell cycle (ATM, DDIT3, GADD45α, GTSE1, MKK6, PCBP4, and SESN1), and damaged DNA binding (DDB) and repair (ATM and BTG2). The stressful growth arrest conditions provoked by (212) Pb-TCMC-trastuzumab were found to induce genes involved in apoptosis and cell cycle arrest in the G2/M phase. The expression of genes involved in DDB and single-strand DNA breaks was also enhanced by (212) Pb-TCMC-trastuzumab while no modulation of genes involved in double-strand break repair was apparent. Furthermore, the p73/GADD45 signaling pathway mediated by p38 kinase signaling may be involved in the cellular response, as evidenced by the enhanced expression of genes and proteins of this pathway. These results further support the previously described cell killing mechanism by (212) Pb-TCMC-trastuzumab in the same LS-174T i.p. xenograft. Insight into these mechanisms could lead to improved strategies for rational application of radioimmunotherapy using α-particle emitters.

  11. Monoclonal antibody against recombinant Fasciola gigantica cathepsin L1H could detect juvenile and adult cathepsin Ls of Fasciola gigantica.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wongwairot, Sirima; Kueakhai, Pornanan; Changklungmoa, Narin; Jaikua, Wipaphorn; Sansri, Veerawat; Meemon, Krai; Songkoomkrong, Sineenart; Riengrojpitak, Suda; Sobhon, Prasert

    2015-01-01

    Cathepsin Ls (CatLs), the major cysteine protease secreted by Fasciola spp., are important for parasite digestion and tissue invasion. Fasciola gigantica cathepsin L1H (FgCatL1H) is the isotype expressed in the early stages for migration and invasion. In the present study, a monoclonal antibody (MoAb) against recombinant F. gigantica cathepsin L1H (rFgCatL1H) was produced by hybridoma technique using spleen cells from BALB/c mice immunized with recombinant proFgCatL1H (rproFgCatL1H). This MoAb is an immunoglobulin (Ig)G1 with κ light chain isotype. The MoAb reacted specifically with rproFgCatL1H, the native FgCatL1H at a molecular weight (MW) 38 to 48 kDa in the extract of whole body (WB) of metacercariae and newly excysted juvenile (NEJ) and cross-reacted with rFgCatL1 and native FgCatLs at MW 25 to 28 kDa in WB of 2- and 4-week-old juveniles, adult, and adult excretory-secretory (ES) fractions by immunoblotting and indirect ELISA. It did not cross-react with antigens in WB fractions from other parasites, including Gigantocotyle explanatum, Paramphistomum cervi, Gastrothylax crumenifer, Eurytrema pancreaticum, Setaria labiato-papillosa, and Fischoederius cobboldi. By immunolocalization, MoAb against rFgCatL1H reacted with the native protein in the gut of metacercariae and NEJ and also cross-reacted with CatL1 in 2- and 4-week-old juveniles and adult F. gigantica. Therefore, FgCatL1H and its MoAb may be used for immunodiagnosis of both early and late fasciolosis in ruminants and humans.

  12. QuBiLS-MIDAS: a parallel free-software for molecular descriptors computation based on multilinear algebraic maps.

    Science.gov (United States)

    García-Jacas, César R; Marrero-Ponce, Yovani; Acevedo-Martínez, Liesner; Barigye, Stephen J; Valdés-Martiní, José R; Contreras-Torres, Ernesto

    2014-07-05

    The present report introduces the QuBiLS-MIDAS software belonging to the ToMoCoMD-CARDD suite for the calculation of three-dimensional molecular descriptors (MDs) based on the two-linear (bilinear), three-linear, and four-linear (multilinear or N-linear) algebraic forms. Thus, it is unique software that computes these tensor-based indices. These descriptors, establish relations for two, three, and four atoms by using several (dis-)similarity metrics or multimetrics, matrix transformations, cutoffs, local calculations and aggregation operators. The theoretical background of these N-linear indices is also presented. The QuBiLS-MIDAS software was developed in the Java programming language and employs the Chemical Development Kit library for the manipulation of the chemical structures and the calculation of the atomic properties. This software is composed by a desktop user-friendly interface and an Abstract Programming Interface library. The former was created to simplify the configuration of the different options of the MDs, whereas the library was designed to allow its easy integration to other software for chemoinformatics applications. This program provides functionalities for data cleaning tasks and for batch processing of the molecular indices. In addition, it offers parallel calculation of the MDs through the use of all available processors in current computers. The studies of complexity of the main algorithms demonstrate that these were efficiently implemented with respect to their trivial implementation. Lastly, the performance tests reveal that this software has a suitable behavior when the amount of processors is increased. Therefore, the QuBiLS-MIDAS software constitutes a useful application for the computation of the molecular indices based on N-linear algebraic maps and it can be used freely to perform chemoinformatics studies.

  13. Fluence- and time-dependant lysosomal and mitochondrial damage induced by LS11 PDT characterized with light scattering

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Jeremy D.; Foster, Thomas H.

    2007-02-01

    Light scattering from cells originates from sub-cellular organelles. Our measurements of angularly resolved light scattering have demonstrated that at 633 nm, the dominant scattering centers within EMT6 cells are mitochondria and lysosomes. To assess their specific contributions, we have used photodynamic therapy (PDT) to induce organelle-specific perturbations within intact cells. We have developed a coated sphere scattering model for mitochondrial swelling in response to ALA- and Pc 4-PDT, and in the case of Pc 4-PDT we have used this model to map the scattering responses into clonogenic cell survival. More recently, we demonstrated the ability to measure the size, scattering contribution, and refractive index of lysosomes within cells by exploiting the localization and high extinction of the photosensitizer LS11 and an absorbing sphere scattering model. Here we report on time- and fluence-dependant scattering measurements from cells treated with LS11-PDT. LS11-PDT causes rapid lysosomal disruption, as quantified by uptake of acridine orange, and can induce downstream effects including release of mitochondrial cytochrome c preceding the loss of mitochondrial membrane potential (Reiners et al., Cell Death Differ. 9:934, 2002). Using scattering and these various methods of analysis, we observed that the induction of lysosomal morphology changes requires a fluence significantly higher than that reported for cell killing. At lower fluences, we observe that at 1 h after irradiation there is significant mitochondrial swelling, consistent with the onset of cytochrome c-induced cell death, while the morphology of lysosomes remains unchanged. We also expand on the ideas of lysosomal staining to demonstrate the sensitivity of scattering measurements at different wavelengths to different organelle populations.

  14. Evaluation of Material Models within LS-DYNA(Registered TradeMark) for a Kevlar/Epoxy Composite Honeycomb

    Science.gov (United States)

    Polanco, Michael A.; Kellas, Sotiris; Jackson, Karen

    2009-01-01

    The performance of material models to simulate a novel composite honeycomb Deployable Energy Absorber (DEA) was evaluated using the nonlinear explicit dynamic finite element code LS-DYNA(Registered TradeMark). Prototypes of the DEA concept were manufactured using a Kevlar/Epoxy composite material in which the fibers are oriented at +/-45 degrees with respect to the loading axis. The development of the DEA has included laboratory tests at subcomponent and component levels such as three-point bend testing of single hexagonal cells, dynamic crush testing of single multi-cell components, and impact testing of a full-scale fuselage section fitted with a system of DEA components onto multi-terrain environments. Due to the thin nature of the cell walls, the DEA was modeled using shell elements. In an attempt to simulate the dynamic response of the DEA, it was first represented using *MAT_LAMINATED_COMPOSITE_FABRIC, or *MAT_58, in LS-DYNA. Values for each parameter within the material model were generated such that an in-plane isotropic configuration for the DEA material was assumed. Analytical predictions showed that the load-deflection behavior of a single-cell during three-point bending was within the range of test data, but predicted the DEA crush response to be very stiff. In addition, a *MAT_PIECEWISE_LINEAR_PLASTICITY, or *MAT_24, material model in LS-DYNA was developed, which represented the Kevlar/Epoxy composite as an isotropic elastic-plastic material with input from +/-45 degrees tensile coupon data. The predicted crush response matched that of the test and localized folding patterns of the DEA were captured under compression, but the model failed to predict the single-cell three-point bending response.

  15. Ultra-Short-Term Wind Power Prediction Using a Hybrid Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohammed, E.; Wang, S.; Yu, J.

    2017-05-01

    This paper aims to develop and apply a hybrid model of two data analytical methods, multiple linear regressions and least square (MLR&LS), for ultra-short-term wind power prediction (WPP), for example taking, Northeast China electricity demand. The data was obtained from the historical records of wind power from an offshore region, and from a wind farm of the wind power plant in the areas. The WPP achieved in two stages: first, the ratios of wind power were forecasted using the proposed hybrid method, and then the transformation of these ratios of wind power to obtain forecasted values. The hybrid model combines the persistence methods, MLR and LS. The proposed method included two prediction types, multi-point prediction and single-point prediction. WPP is tested by applying different models such as autoregressive moving average (ARMA), autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) and artificial neural network (ANN). By comparing results of the above models, the validity of the proposed hybrid model is confirmed in terms of error and correlation coefficient. Comparison of results confirmed that the proposed method works effectively. Additional, forecasting errors were also computed and compared, to improve understanding of how to depict highly variable WPP and the correlations between actual and predicted wind power.

  16. A new damage diagnosis approach for NC machine tools based on hybrid Stationary subspace analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Chen; Zhou, Yuqing; Ren, Yan

    2017-05-01

    This paper focused on the damage diagnosis for NC machine tools and put forward a damage diagnosis method based on hybrid Stationary subspace analysis (SSA), for improving the accuracy and visibility of damage identification. First, the observed single sensor signal was reconstructed to multi-dimensional signals by the phase space reconstruction technique, as the inputs of SSA. SSA method was introduced to separate the reconstructed data into stationary components and non-stationary components without the need for independency and prior information of the origin signals. Subsequently, the selected non-stationary components were analysed for training LS-SVM (Least Squares Support Vector Machine) classifier model, in which several statistic parameters in the time and frequency domains were exacted as the sample of LS-SVM. An empirical analysis in NC milling machine tools is developed, and the result shows high accuracy of the proposed approach.

  17. THE EXISTENCE OF SOLUTIONS OF NONLINEAR BOUNDARY VALUE PROBLEMS INVOLVING THE p-LAPLACIAN OPERATOR IN Ls-SPACES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WEI Li; ZHOU Haiyun

    2005-01-01

    By using the perturbation theories on sums of ranges of nonlinear accretive mappings of Calvert and Gupta, we study the abstract results on the existence of a solution u ∈ Ls (Ω) of nonlinear boundary value problems involving the p-Laplacian operator, where2 ≤ s < +∞, and 2N/N+1 < p ≤ 2 for N(≥ 1) which denotes the dimension of RN. To obtain the result, some new techniques are used in this paper. The equation discussed in this paper and our methods here are extension and complement to the corresponding results of L. Wei and Z. He.

  18. Caregiver's concerns-quality of life scale (CC-QoLS): development and evaluation of psychometric properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Unwin, Gemma; Deb, Shoumitro

    2014-10-01

    We have developed a Caregiver's Concerns-Quality of Life Scale (CC-QoLS) for adults with intellectual disabilities (ID) who exhibit aggressive behaviour. The CC-QoLS is a brief (8 items in each subscale, CC and QoL respectively) proxy measure completed by caregivers. This is a specific health related quality of life instrument (HRQoL) combined with measures of caregiver's concerns for use as an outcome measure to assess clinical and cost effectiveness of interventions for aggression in adults with ID. The CC-QoLS was found to have good face validity and very good test-retest reliability with an ICC of 0.81 for CC (range 0.46-0.83 across items) and 0.80 for QoL (range 0.65-0.81 across items). Similarly, the scale had good inter-rater reliability with an ICC of 0.67 for CC (range 0.31-0.63 across items) and 0.63 for QoL (range 0.31-0.65 across items). Internal consistency for each subscale was also good (Cronbach's alpha was 0.85 for CC and 0.80 for QoL; Split-half Spearman-Brown was 0.81 for CC and 0.70 for QoL). Furthermore, the scale showed good concurrent validity with measures of severity of aggressive behaviour, namely Modified Overt Aggression Scale (MOAS) (CC: r=0.4; p≤0.01 and QoL: r=-0.2; p≤0.05) and Aberrant Behavior Checklist-Irritability subscale (ABC-I) (CC: r=0.5; p≤0.01 and QoL: r=-0.02; p≤0.05) as well as Caregiver's Uplift and Burden Scale score (<0.05). We believe that the CC-QoLS is a user friendly, easy to complete, first-ever HRQoL measure for adults with ID and aggressive behaviour with very good psychometric properties.

  19. A new 4π(LS)-γ coincidence counter at NCBJ RC POLATOM with TDCR detector in the beta channel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ziemek, T; Jęczmieniowski, A; Cacko, D; Broda, R; Lech, E

    2016-03-01

    A new 4π(LS)-γ coincidence system (TDCRG) was built at the NCBJ RC POLATOM. The counter consists of a TDCR detector in the beta channel and scintillation detector with NaI(Tl) crystal in the gamma channel. The system is equipped with a digital board with FPGA, which records and analyses coincidences in the TDCR detector and coincidences between the beta and gamma channels. The characteristics of the system and a scheme of the FPGA implementation with behavioral simulation are given. The TDCRG counter was validated by activity measurements on (14)C and (60)Co solutions standardized in RC POLATOM using previously validated methods.

  20. Variability of VHE $\\gamma$-ray emission from the binary PSR B1259-63/LS 2883

    CERN Document Server

    Stefanik, Stanislav

    2015-01-01

    We examine changes of the $\\gamma$-ray intensity observed from the direction of the binary system PSR B1259-63/LS 2883 during campaigns around its three periastron passages. A simple and straightforward method is applied to the published data obtained with the Imaging Atmospheric Cherenkov Technique. Regardless of many issues of the detection process, the method works only with numbers of very high energetic photons registered in the specified regions. Within the realm of this scheme, we recognized changes attributable to the variations of the intrinsic source activity at high levels of significance.

  1. Continuity Controlled Hybrid Automata

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bergstra, J.A.; Middelburg, C.A.

    2004-01-01

    We investigate the connections between the process algebra for hybrid systems of Bergstra and Middelburg and the formalism of hybrid automata of Henzinger et al. We give interpretations of hybrid automata in the process algebra for hybrid systems and compare them with the standard interpretation of

  2. Continuity controlled Hybrid Automata

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bergstra, J.A.; Middelburg, C.A.

    2008-01-01

    We investigate the connections between the process algebra for hybrid systems of Bergstra and Middelburg and the formalism of hybrid automata of Henzinger et al. We give interpretations of hybrid automata in the process algebra for hybrid systems and compare them with the standard interpretation of

  3. L’AUTOBIOGRAFIA LINGUISTICA NELL’INSEGNAMENTO-APPRENDIMENTO DELL’ITALIANO L2/LS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Groppaldi

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available L'autobiografia linguistica è una attività particolarmente utile nell'insegnamento-apprendimento di una lingua straniera. L'apprendente immigrato è invitato a narrare in prima persona le esperienze linguistico-comunicative nella propria L1, nella L2 /LS che sta apprendendo e/o nella lingua seconda che ha acquisito come lingua di comunicazione e di studio nel suo paese di origine, le relazioni umane ed emotive che accompagnano  o hanno accompagnato queste esperienze, le situazioni che ne hanno favorito o ostacolato l'apprendimento. Con l'autobiografia linguistica l'apprendente straniero costruisce, attraverso la scrittura e quindi attraverso un processo di esplicitazione e di riflessione consapevole,  un ponte tra "là" e "qui", tra paese d'origine e il paese di arrivo, tra la vita "prima" e la vita "dopo" lo strappo della migrazione. Ricompone e dà senso alla propria storia, nelle due lingue, esprime affetti ed emozioni, rinomina il mondo e se ne riappropria ricostruendo insieme la propria identità, esplora se stesso e si fa conoscere ai suoi pari e all'insegnante in un rapporto di condivisione e di comprensione reciproca: si crea un contesto non di integrazione, ma di inclusione. A sua volta il docente può meglio comprendere le strategie di apprendimento dell'apprendente, la sua personalità, le sue difficoltà e progettare strategie didattiche più efficaci, perché più individuali e orientate al successo nella comunicazione e nell'apprendimento.   Linguistic autobiography is especially useful in the teaching and learning of a foreign language. The foreign learner is asked to narrate, in the first person, his/her linguistic-communicative experiences in their L1 and in the L2/FL which they are learning and/or in the second language they have acquired for communication or study in their home country, focusing on the emotional and human relationships which accompanied this experience and the situations which encouraged or blocked the

  4. Maintenance Support Ability Evaluation Model of Aeronautical Equipment Based on Weighted LS-SVM%加权LS-SVM的航空装备维修保障能力评估模型

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡新江; 徐浩军; 王文栋; 揭军魂

    2012-01-01

    Maintenance support ability evaluation work is an important content of aeronautical equipment whole-system and whole-life management. The scientific and precise evaluation method of maintenance support ability is the base to achieve the precise support of aeronautical equipment. Firstly, the evaluation guideline system of aeronautical equipment maintenance support ability is established. Then the key factor guidelines are made sure. Finally, the evaluation model of aeronautical equipment maintenance support ability based on Weighted LS-SVM is established. The simulation results show that the method is valid.%维修保障能力评估工作是航空装备全系统全寿命管理的一项重要内容,科学精确的维修保障能力评估方法是实现航空装备精确化保障的基础.首先建立了航空装备维修保障能力评估指标体系,确定了关键要素指标,然后建立了基于加权LS-SVM的航空装备维修保障能力评估模型,仿真结果验证了该方法的有效性.

  5. Nonlinear Dynamic Analysis of Air Plane Crash shell based on ANSYS/LS-DYNA%基于ANSYS/LS-DYNA的抗飞机撞击结构非线性动力分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李忠诚; 黄涛

    2016-01-01

    APC shell is a important barrier of protection agaist Airplane Crash. This paper describes global nonlinear analysis on the 3D-solid APC model embedded with reinforced based on LS-DYNA program. The numerical implementation of large commercial airplane crash is conducted. Dynamic responses and elastoplastic character of APC shell structure are studied. Local effect view with large commercial airplane crash is put forward. The calculation result can provide reference for design of APC shell.%APC壳是核电站抵御飞机撞击的主要屏障,本文运用非线性有限元程序 LS-DYNA 对某核电站燃料厂房APC壳进行了分离式建模,并对大型商用飞机的撞击进行了数值计算,对APC壳的动力响应及弹塑性特性进行了研究分析,提出了大型商用飞机撞击局部效应的观点,为APC 壳的设计计算提供参考。

  6. Transient Dynamical Analysis of Aircraft Wheel Brake Based on LS-DYNA%基于LS-DYNA的航空机轮刹车瞬态动力学分析∗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘文胜; 项立东; 马运柱; 杨肃; 裴书杨

    2016-01-01

    In order to study the effect of the friction characteristics of the brake disc in the process of braking. In this paper, a three-dimensional solid model of an aircraft wheel brake disk is established by CATIA, then its finite element model is crea-ted by simplifying the geometry model; Transient dynamics analysis is carried out on the brake disk by using ANSYS / LS-DYNA(explicit dynamic analysis software). In the end, the node axial vibration curve and the distribution of stress of the brake during the process of brake are got.%为考虑刹车盘接触对之间的摩擦特性对刹车过程的影响,采用CATIA建立某型机轮刹车盘的三维实体模型,经简化后获得其有限元模型;利用ANSYS/LS-DYNA显示动力学分析软件,对刹车盘进行瞬态动力学分析,得到了动盘表面节点轴向振动曲线和刹车过程中刹车片的应力分布情况。

  7. Adsorption Performance of Methylene Blue Dye by LS-g-PAA/AMPS/APT Resin%LS-g-PAA/AMPS/APT树脂对亚甲基蓝吸附性能

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2016-01-01

    以木质素磺酸钠(LS-Na)、丙烯酸(AA)、2-丙烯酰胺基-2-甲基丙磺酸(AMPS)、凹凸棒石黏土(APT)为原料,采用微波辐射法,通过接枝共聚反应合成了生物质LS-g-PAA/AMPS/APT高吸水性树脂吸附剂,利用FTIR和XRD分析了树脂的结构.考察了吸附剂用量、溶液pH、亚甲基蓝(MB)初始质量浓度、吸附时间、吸附温度对MB的吸附性能的影响.结果显示,在200 mL、MB初始质量浓度为500 mg/L、吸附剂为0.1g时,吸附量和吸附率分别达968 mg/g和96%.该树脂具有很强的pH敏感性和高吸附性能.平衡吸附数据基本满足Freundlich吸附等温方程.树脂对MB的吸附过程符合准二级动力学反应模型,主要为吸热化学吸附过程.

  8. The Ne3LS Network, Québec's initiative to evaluate the impact and promote a responsible and sustainable development of nanotechnology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Endo, Charles-Anica; Emond, Claude; Battista, Renaldo; Parizeau, Marie-Hélène; Beaudry, Catherine

    2011-07-01

    The spectacular progress made by nanosciences and nanotechnologies elicits as much hope and fear. Consequently, a great number of research and training initiatives on the ethical, environmental, economic, legal and social issues regarding nanotechnology development (Ne3LS) are emerging worldwide. In Québec, Canada, a Task Force was mandated by NanoQuébec to conceive a Ne3LS research and training strategy to assess those issues. This Task Force brought together experts from universities, governments or industry working in nanosciences and nanotechnologies or in Ne3LS. Their resulting action plan, made public in November 2006, contained several recommendations, including the creation of a knowledge network (Ne3LS Network). In the following years, after consulting with numerous key players concerned with the possible impacts of nanosciences and nanotechnologies in Québec, the Ne3LS Network was launched in January 2010 in partnership with the Fonds québécois de la recherche sur la nature et les technologies, the Fonds québécois de la recherche sur la société et la culture and the Fonds de la recherche en santé du Québec, NanoQuébec, the Institut de recherche Robert-Sauvé en santé et en sécurité du travail as well as the University of Montreal. Its objectives are to 1) Foster the development of Ne3LS research activities (grants and fellowships); 2) Spearhead the Canadian and international Ne3LS network; 3) Take part in the training of researchers and experts; 4) Encourage the creation of interactive tools for the general public; 5) Facilitate collaboration between decision-makers and experts; 6) Involve the scientific community through a host of activities (symposium, conferences, thematic events); 7) Build multidisciplinary research teams to evaluate the impact of nanotechnology.

  9. The Ne{sup 3}LS Network, Quebec's initiative to evaluate the impact and promote a responsible and sustainable development of nanotechnology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Endo, Charles-Anica [CHU Sainte-Justine Research Center, 3175, chemin de la Cote-Sainte-Catherine, bureau 8228, Montreal, Quebec, H3T 1C5 (Canada); Emond, Claude [Universite de Montreal, Departement de sante environnementale et sante au travail. Pavillon Marguerite-d' Youville, 2375, chemin de la Cote Ste-Catherine, local 4095 Montreal, Quebec, H3T 1A8 (Canada); Battista, Renaldo [Universite de Montreal, Departement d' administration de la sante, Pavillon Mont-Royal 1420, boul. Mont-Royal, Montreal, Quebec, H2V 4P3 (Canada); Parizeau, Marie-Helene [Universite Laval, Bureau 536, Pavillon Felix-Antoine-Savard, 2325, rue des Bibliotheques, Quebec, G1V 0A6 (Canada); Beaudry, Catherine, E-mail: claude.emond@umontreal.ca [Ecole Polytechnique de Montreal, Departement de mathematiques et de genie industriel, C.P. 6079, succ. Centre-ville, Montreal, Quebec, H3C 3A7 (Canada)

    2011-07-06

    The spectacular progress made by nanosciences and nanotechnologies elicits as much hope and fear. Consequently, a great number of research and training initiatives on the ethical, environmental, economic, legal and social issues regarding nanotechnology development (Ne{sup 3}LS) are emerging worldwide. In Quebec, Canada, a Task Force was mandated by NanoQuebec to conceive a Ne{sup 3}LS research and training strategy to assess those issues. This Task Force brought together experts from universities, governments or industry working in nanosciences and nanotechnologies or in Ne{sup 3}LS. Their resulting action plan, made public in November 2006, contained several recommendations, including the creation of a knowledge network (Ne{sup 3}LS Network). In the following years, after consulting with numerous key players concerned with the possible impacts of nanosciences and nanotechnologies in Quebec, the Ne{sup 3}LS Network was launched in January 2010 in partnership with the Fonds quebecois de la recherche sur la nature et les technologies, the Fonds quebecois de la recherche sur la societe et la culture and the Fonds de la recherche en sante du Quebec, NanoQuebec, the Institut de recherche Robert-Sauve en sante et en securite du travail as well as the University of Montreal. Its objectives are to 1) Foster the development of Ne{sup 3}LS research activities (grants and fellowships); 2) Spearhead the Canadian and international Ne{sup 3}LS network; 3) Take part in the training of researchers and experts; 4) Encourage the creation of interactive tools for the general public; 5) Facilitate collaboration between decision-makers and experts; 6) Involve the scientific community through a host of activities (symposium, conferences, thematic events); 7) Build multidisciplinary research teams to evaluate the impact of nanotechnology.

  10. A MAGNETAR-LIKE EVENT FROM LS I +61 Degree-Sign 303 AND ITS NATURE AS A GAMMA-RAY BINARY

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Torres, Diego F.; Rea, Nanda [Institut de Ciencies de l' Espai (IEEC-CSIC), Campus UAB, Torre C5, 2a planta, 08193 Barcelona (Spain); Esposito, Paolo [INAF, Osservatorio Astronomico di Cagliari, localita Poggio dei Pini, strada 54, I-09012 Capoterra (Italy); Li Jian; Chen Yupeng; Zhang Shu [Key Laboratory of Particle Astrophysics, Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing 100049 (China)

    2012-01-10

    We report on the Swift Burst Alert Telescope detection of a short burst from the direction of the TeV binary LS I +61 Degree-Sign 303, resembling those generally labeled as magnetar-like. We show that it is likely that the short burst was indeed originating from LS I +61 Degree-Sign 303 (although we cannot totally exclude the improbable presence of a far-away, line-of-sight magnetar) and that it is a different phenomenon with respect to the previously observed ks-long flares from this system. Accepting the hypothesis that LS I +61 Degree-Sign 303 is the first magnetar detected in a binary system, we study those implications. We find that a magnetar-composed LS I +61 Degree-Sign 303 system would most likely be (i.e., for the usual magnetar parameters and mass-loss rate) subject to a flip-flop behavior, from a rotationally powered regime (in the apastron) to a propeller regime (in the periastron) along each of the LS I +61 Degree-Sign 303 eccentric orbital motion. We prove that, unlike near an apastron, where an interwind shock can lead to the normally observed LS I +61 Degree-Sign 303 behavior, during TeV emission the periastron propeller is expected to efficiently accelerate particles only to sub-TeV energies. This flip-flop scenario would explain the system's behavior when a recurrent TeV emission only appears near the apastron, the anti-correlation of the GeV and TeV emission, and the long-term TeV variability (which seems correlated to LS I +61 Degree-Sign 303's super-orbital period), including the appearance of a low TeV state. Finally, we qualitatively put the multi-wavelength phenomenology into the context of our proposed model and make some predictions for further testing.

  11. Hybrid carbon-glass fiber/toughened epoxy thick composites subject to drop-weight and ballistic impacts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sevkat, Ercan

    The goals of this study are to investigate the low velocity and ballistic impact response of thick-section hybrid fiber composites at room temperature. Plain-woven S2-Glass and IM7 Graphite fabrics are chosen as fiber materials reinforcing the SC-79 epoxy. Four different types of composites consisting of alternating layers of glass and graphite woven fabric sheets are considered. Tensile tests are conducted using 98 KN (22 kip) MTS testing machine equipped with environmental chamber. Low-velocity impact tests are conducted using an Instron-Dynatup 8250 impact test machine equipped with an environmental chamber. Ballistic impact tests are performed using helium pressured high-speed gas-gun. Tensile tests results were used to define the material behavior of the hybrid and non-hybrid composites in Finite Element modeling. The low velocity and ballistic impact tests showed that hybrid composites performance was somewhere between non-hybrid woven composites. Using woven glass fabrics as outer skin improved the impact performance of woven graphite composite. However hybrid composites are prone to delamination especially between dissimilar layers. The ballistic limit velocity V50 hybrid composites were higher that of woven graphite composite and lower than that of woven glass composite. Both destructive cross-sectional micrographs and nondestructive ultrasonic techniques are used to evaluate the damage created by impact. The Finite Element code LS-DYNA is chosen to perform numerical simulations of low velocity and ballistic impact on thick-section hybrid composites. The damage progression in these composites shows anisotropic nonlinearity. The material model to describe this behavior is not available in LS-DYNA material library. Initially, linear orthotropic material with damage (Chan-Chan Model) is employed to simulate some of the experimental results. Then, user-defined material subroutine is incorporated into LS-DYNA to simulate the nonlinear behavior. The

  12. Physical properties of the gamma-ray binary LS 5039 through low and high frequency radio observations

    CERN Document Server

    Marcote, B; Paredes, J M; Ishwara-Chandra, C H

    2015-01-01

    We have studied in detail the 0.15-15 GHz radio spectrum of the gamma-ray binary LS 5039 to look for a possible turnover and absorption mechanisms at low frequencies, and to constrain the physical properties of its emission. We have analysed two archival VLA monitorings, all the available archival GMRT data and a coordinated quasi-simultaneous observational campaign conducted in 2013 with GMRT and WSRT. The data show that the radio emission of LS 5039 is persistent on day, week and year timescales, with a variability $\\lesssim 25~\\%$ at all frequencies, and no signature of orbital modulation. The obtained spectra reveal a power-law shape with a curvature below 5 GHz and a turnover at $\\sim0.5$ GHz, which can be reproduced by a one-zone model with synchrotron self-absorption plus Razin effect. We obtain a coherent picture for a size of the emitting region of $\\sim0.85~\\mathrm{mas}$, setting a magnetic field of $B\\sim20~\\mathrm{mG}$, an electron density of $n_{\\rm e}\\sim4\\times10^5~{\\rm cm^{-3}}$ and a mass-los...

  13. L.S. Vygotsky's Principle "One Step in Learning — A Hundred Steps in Development": In Search of Evidence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V.K. Zaretsky

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available On the basis of L.S. Vygotsky's published works the paper attempts to trace the dynamics of his concepts of child development and to provide evidence supporting Vygotsky's statement that one step in learning equals a hundred in development, which is one of the key principles of culturalhistorical theory in its application to child development. This statement is put in a row with two other major principles: one arguing that learning precedes development and the other referring to the zone of proximal development. The paper outlines a multivector model of the zone of proximal development as one of the conceptual tools of the reflective and activity approach to helping children overcome learning difficulties and promoting their development. The paper also describes a case study in which an orphan child with a disability received psychological and educational support that obviously contributed to the child's development. It is argued that L.S. Vygotsky's idea of the specific relationship between learning and development has fundamental theoretical and practical implications, in particular, for working with children with special needs

  14. [Characteristic wavelengths selection of soluble solids content of pear based on NIR spectral and LS-SVM].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fan, Shu-xiang; Huang, Wen-qian; Li, Jiang-bo; Zhao, Chun-jiang; Zhang, Bao-hua

    2014-08-01

    To improve the precision and robustness of the NIR model of the soluble solid content (SSC) on pear. The total number of 160 pears was for the calibration (n=120) and prediction (n=40). Different spectral pretreatment methods, including standard normal variate (SNV) and multiplicative scatter correction (MSC) were used before further analysis. A combination of genetic algorithm (GA) and successive projections algorithm (SPA) was proposed to select most effective wavelengths after uninformative variable elimination (UVE) from original spectra, SNV pretreated spectra and MSC pretreated spectra respectively. The selected variables were used as the inputs of least squares-support vector machine (LS-SVM) model to build models for de- termining the SSC of pear. The results indicated that LS-SVM model built using SNVE-UVE-GA-SPA on 30 characteristic wavelengths selected from full-spectrum which had 3112 wavelengths achieved the optimal performance. The correlation coefficient (Rp) and root mean square error of prediction (RMSEP) for prediction sets were 0.956, 0.271 for SSC. The model is reliable and the predicted result is effective. The method can meet the requirement of quick measuring SSC of pear and might be important for the development of portable instruments and online monitoring.

  15. Possible changes of state and relevant timescales for a neutron star in LS I +61{\\deg}303

    CERN Document Server

    Papitto, Alessandro; Rea, Nanda

    2012-01-01

    The properties of the short, energetic bursts recently observed from the gamma-ray binary LS I +61{\\deg}303, are typical of those showed by high magnetic field neutron stars, and thus provide a strong indication in favor of a neutron star being the compact object in the system. Here, we discuss the transitions among the states accessible to a neutron star in a system like LS I +61{\\deg}303, such as the ejector, propeller and accretor phases, depending on the NS spin period, magnetic field and rate of mass captured. We show how the observed bolometric luminosity (>= few x 1E35 erg/s), and its broad-band spectral distribution, indicate that the compact object is most probably close to the transition between working as an ejector all along its orbit, and being powered by the propeller effect when it is close to the orbit periastron, in a so-called flip-flop state. By assessing the torques acting onto the compact object in the various states, we follow the spin evolution of the system, evaluating the time spent b...

  16. Communication, cognitive development and behavior in children with Cornelia de Lange Syndrome (CdLS): preliminary results.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ajmone, Paola Francesca; Rigamonti, Claudia; Dall'Ara, Francesca; Monti, Federico; Vizziello, Paola; Milani, Donatella; Cereda, Anna; Selicorni, Angelo; Costantino, Antonella

    2014-04-01

    In this study, we present preliminary data on cognitive, behavioral and communication domains of individuals with Cornelia de Lange Syndrome (CdLS), collected through a specific protocol combining direct and indirect tools. Seventeen subjects with CdLS were assessed, 2.5- to 13.4-year-old. Cognitive level of the subjects differed from what previously described in literature, showing more patients with normal or borderline cognitive abilities. We found a relation between severe autistic behavior and comprehension impairments: all children with high CARS score have severe receptive language disability. A correlation was also found between CARS score and ID: high CARS score occurred only in patients with profound levels of ID. Results of this study support the need for a specific assessment protocol tailored for the characteristics of subjects with multiple disabilities, to be able to identify their strengths avoiding the avalanche effect of weaknesses. Most tests on neuropsychological functions have been developed and standardized for typically developing children, and require the integrity of other functions aside the one that is evaluated, determining an underestimation of the level of functioning. This study could be a starting point to develop new models applicable to other genetic syndromes and complex situations; new and wider studies are needed in order to allow a more complete and accurate assessment, thereby ensuring more efficient and family-centered treatment plans. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  17. Alkaline inulinase production by a newly isolated bacterium Marinimicrobium sp. LS-A18 and inulin hydrolysis by the enzyme.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Ai-Xia; Guo, Li-Zhong; Lu, Wei-Dong

    2012-01-01

    To date, all of microbial inulinases reported showed optimal activity at pH values ranging from 3.5 to 7.0. A bacterial strain, Marinimicrobium sp. LS-A18, showing high extracellular inulinolytic activity was isolated from a marine solar saltern of the Yellow Sea in China. Maximum enzyme activity was obtained at 55°C and pH 9.0, respectively. The inulinase activity was induced by inulin, but not by the other carbon sources employed. Under the optimal medium and culture condition, the highest inulinase activity, 14.6 U/ml, was obtained after 96 h of incubation at shake flask level. The optimal medium for inulinase production was MHI medium containing 4% inulin, 1% peptone and 5% NaCl, while the optimal culture condition for inulinase production were pH 7.5, temperature 37°C, agitation speed 210 rpm, medium volume 40 ml in 250 ml shake flask, and incubation time 96 h. A large amount of monosaccharides was released after inulin hydrolysis by the inulinase from strain LS-A18. This is the first report on alkaline inulinase production from microorganism.

  18. Ambient desorption/ionization mass spectrometry using a liquid sampling-atmospheric glow discharge (LS-APGD) ionization source.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marcus, R Kenneth; Burdette, Carolyn Q; Manard, Benjamin T; Zhang, Lynn X

    2013-10-01

    A novel approach to ambient desorption/ionization mass spectrometry (ADI-MS) is described, based on a recently developed liquid sampling-atmospheric pressure glow discharge (LS-APGD) ionization source. The device is essentially unmodified relative to its implementation in elemental mass spectrometry, where the operational space is characterized by low operation power (LS-APGD source is mounted onto the source interface of a Thermo Finnigan LCQ Advantage Max quadrupole ion trap mass spectrometer without modifications to the instrument faceplate or ion optics. Described here is the initial evaluation of the roles of source geometry and working parameters, including electrolytic solution composition and plasma current, on the response of caffeine residues, with preliminary limits of detection based on the relative standard deviation of the spectral background suggested to be on the 10-pg level. Demonstrative spectra are presented for green tea extracts and raw leaves, coffee beans, a dried (raw) tobacco leaf, an analgesic tablet, and paper currency. Versatility is further revealed through the determination of components in common cigarette smoke. In each case, the spectra are characterized by (M + H)(+) species of the expected constituents. The capacity for a single source to perform both in solution and particulate elemental analysis (as shown previously) and ADI of molecular species is unique in the realm of mass spectrometry.

  19. Orbital and superorbital variability of LS I +61 303 at low radio frequencies with GMRT and LOFAR

    CERN Document Server

    Marcote, B; Paredes, J M; Ishwara-Chandra, C H; Swinbank, J D; Broderick, J W; Markoff, S; Fender, R; Wijers, R A M J; Pooley, G G; Stewart, A J; Bell, M E; Breton, R P; Carbone, D; Corbel, S; Eislöffel, J; Falcke, H; Grießmeier, J -M; Kuniyoshi, M; Pietka, M; Rowlinson, A; Serylak, M; van der Horst, A J; van Leeuwen, J; Wise, M W; Zarka, P

    2015-01-01

    LS I +61 303 is a gamma-ray binary that exhibits an outburst at GHz frequencies each orbital cycle of $\\approx$ 26.5 d and a superorbital modulation with a period of $\\approx$ 4.6 yr. We have performed a detailed study of the low-frequency radio emission of LS I +61 303 by analysing all the archival GMRT data at 150, 235 and 610 MHz, and conducting regular LOFAR observations within the Radio Sky Monitor (RSM) at 150 MHz. We have detected the source for the first time at 150 MHz, which is also the first detection of a gamma-ray binary at such a low frequency. We have obtained the light-curves of the source at 150, 235 and 610 MHz, all of them showing orbital modulation. The light-curves at 235 and 610 MHz also show the existence of superorbital variability. A comparison with contemporaneous 15-GHz data shows remarkable differences with these light-curves. At 15 GHz we see clear outbursts, whereas at low frequencies we see variability with wide maxima. The light-curve at 235 MHz seems to be anticorrelated with ...

  20. VERITAS monitoring of LS I +61$^\\circ$ 303 in conjunction with X-ray, and GeV observation campaigns

    CERN Document Server

    Kar, Payel

    2015-01-01

    One of the most enigmatic TeV binary systems, LS I +61$^\\circ$ 303 exhibits a high degree of flux modulation from radio to TeV wavelengths over a single orbit of the binary system, once every $\\sim$26.5 days. The binary system also exhibits a $\\sim4.5$ year superorbital modulation in radio, X-ray and GeV emission which is yet to be seen in TeV gamma rays. LS I +61$^\\circ$ 303 has been observed by VERITAS in the TeV energy range and multiwavelength partners (optical - GeV). The contemporaneous multiwavelength data sets enable searches for correlations between X-ray and TeV emission, as well as GeV and TeV emission. These correlation studies can further elucidate the astrophysical properties of this binary system. We present the preliminary results from the analysis of recent VERITAS observations from the 2014-2015 season in conjunction with Swift-XRT (0.3-10 keV) and Fermi-LAT (0.3-300 GeV) observations.

  1. ASSOCIATING LONG-TERM {gamma}-RAY VARIABILITY WITH THE SUPERORBITAL PERIOD OF LS I +61 Degree-Sign 303

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ackermann, M.; Buehler, R. [Deutsches Elektronen Synchrotron DESY, D-15738 Zeuthen (Germany); Ajello, M. [Space Sciences Laboratory, 7 Gauss Way, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-7450 (United States); Ballet, J.; Casandjian, J. M. [Laboratoire AIM, CEA-IRFU/CNRS/Universite Paris Diderot, Service d' Astrophysique, CEA Saclay, F-91191 Gif sur Yvette (France); Barbiellini, G. [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Trieste, I-34127 Trieste (Italy); Bastieri, D.; Buson, S. [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Padova, I-35131 Padova (Italy); Bellazzini, R.; Bregeon, J. [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Pisa, I-56127 Pisa (Italy); Bonamente, E.; Cecchi, C. [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Perugia, I-06123 Perugia (Italy); Brandt, T. J. [NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Brigida, M. [Dipartimento di Fisica ' ' M. Merlin' ' dell' Universita e del Politecnico di Bari, I-70126 Bari (Italy); Bruel, P. [Laboratoire Leprince-Ringuet, Ecole polytechnique, CNRS/IN2P3, F-91128 Palaiseau (France); Caliandro, G. A. [Institute of Space Sciences (IEEE-CSIC), Campus UAB, E-08193 Barcelona (Spain); Cameron, R. A. [W. W. Hansen Experimental Physics Laboratory, Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology, Department of Physics and SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 (United States); Caraveo, P. A. [INAF-Istituto di Astrofisica Spaziale e Fisica Cosmica, I-20133 Milano (Italy); Cavazzuti, E. [Agenzia Spaziale Italiana (ASI) Science Data Center, I-00044 Frascati (Roma) (Italy); Chekhtman, A., E-mail: andrea.caliandro@ieec.uab.es, E-mail: hadasch@ieec.uab.es, E-mail: dtorres@ieec.uab.es [Center for Earth Observing and Space Research, College of Science, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA 22030 (United States); and others

    2013-08-20

    Gamma-ray binaries are stellar systems for which the spectral energy distribution (discounting the thermal stellar emission) peaks at high energies. Detected from radio to TeV gamma rays, the {gamma}-ray binary LS I +61 Degree-Sign 303 is highly variable across all frequencies. One aspect of this system's variability is the modulation of its emission with the timescale set by the {approx}26.4960 day orbital period. Here we show that, during the time of our observations, the {gamma}-ray emission of LS I +61 Degree-Sign 303 also presents a sinusoidal variability consistent with the previously known superorbital period of 1667 days. This modulation is more prominently seen at orbital phases around apastron, whereas it does not introduce a visible change close to periastron. It is also found in the appearance and disappearance of variability at the orbital period in the power spectrum of the data. This behavior could be explained by a quasi-cyclical evolution of the equatorial outflow of the Be companion star, whose features influence the conditions for generating gamma rays. These findings open the possibility to use {gamma}-ray observations to study the outflows of massive stars in eccentric binary systems.

  2. Pioneer microbial communities of the Fimmvörðuháls lava flow, Eyjafjallajökull, Iceland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelly, Laura C; Cockell, Charles S; Thorsteinsson, Thorsteinn; Marteinsson, Viggó; Stevenson, John

    2014-10-01

    Little is understood regarding the phylogeny and metabolic capabilities of the earliest colonists of volcanic rocks, yet these data are essential for understanding how life becomes established in and interacts with the planetary crust, ultimately contributing to critical zone processes and soil formation. Here, we report the use of molecular and culture-dependent methods to determine the composition of pioneer microbial communities colonising the basaltic Fimmvörðuháls lava flow at Eyjafjallajökull, Iceland, formed in 2010. Our data show that 3 to 5 months post eruption, the lava was colonised by a low-diversity microbial community dominated by Betaproteobacteria, primarily taxa related to non-phototrophic diazotrophs such as Herbaspirillum spp. and chemolithotrophs such as Thiobacillus. Although successfully cultured following enrichment, phototrophs were not abundant members of the Fimmvörðuháls communities, as revealed by molecular analysis, and phototrophy is therefore not likely to be a dominant biogeochemical process in these early successional basalt communities. These results contrast with older Icelandic lava of comparable mineralogy, in which phototrophs comprised a significant fraction of microbial communities, and the non-phototrophic community fractions were dominated by Acidobacteria and Actinobacteria.

  3. 4{\\pi}{\\beta} (LS)-{\\gamma} (HPGe) Digital Coincidence System Based on Synchronous High-Speed Multichannel Data Acquisition

    CERN Document Server

    Chen, Jifeng; Liang, Juncheng; Liu, Jiacheng

    2015-01-01

    A dedicated 4{\\pi}{\\beta} (LS)-{\\gamma} (HPGe)digital coincidence system has been developed in this work, which includes five acquisition channels. Three analog-to-digital converter (ADC) acquisition channels with an acquisition resolution of 8 bits and acquisition rate of 1GSPS (sample per second) are utilized to collect the signals from three Photo multiplier tubes (PMTs) which are adopted to detect {\\beta} decay, and two acquisition channels with an acquisition resolution of 16 bits and acquisition rate of 50MSPS are utilized to collect the signals from high-purity germanium (HPGe) which are adopted to detect {\\gamma} decay. In order to increase the accuracy of the coincidence system, all the five acquisition channels are synchronous within 500ps. The data collected by the five acquisition channels will be transmitted to the host PC through PCI bus and saved as a file. Off-line software is applied for the 4{\\pi}{\\beta} (LS)-{\\gamma} (HPGe) coincidence and data analysis as needed in practical application. W...

  4. Fast Prediction with Sparse Multikernel LS-SVR Using Multiple Relevant Time Series and Its Application in Avionics System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yang M. Guo

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Health trend prediction is critical to ensure the safe operation of highly reliable systems. However, complex systems often present complex dynamic behaviors and uncertainty, which makes it difficult to develop a precise physical prediction model. Therefore, time series is often used for prediction in this case. In this paper, in order to obtain better prediction accuracy in shorter computation time, we propose a new scheme which utilizes multiple relevant time series to enhance the completeness of the information and adopts a prediction model based on least squares support vector regression (LS-SVR to perform prediction. In the scheme, we apply two innovative ways to overcome the drawbacks of the reported approaches. One is to remove certain support vectors by measuring the linear correlation to increase sparseness of LS-SVR; the other one is to determine the linear combination weights of multiple kernels by calculating the root mean squared error of each basis kernel. The results of prediction experiments indicate preliminarily that the proposed method is an effective approach for its good prediction accuracy and low computation time, and it is a valuable method in applications.

  5. Associating Long-term Gamma-ray Variability with the Superorbital Period of LS I + 61 Deg. 303

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ackermann, M.; Ajello, M.; Ballet, J.; Barbiellini, G.; Bastieri, D.; Bellazzini, R.; Bonamente, E.; Brandt, T. J.; Bregeon, J.; Brigida, M.; Bruel, P.; Buehler, R.; Buson, S.; Caliandro, G. A.; Cameron, R. A.; Caraveo, P. A.; Casandjian, J. M.; Ferrara, E. C.; Guiriec, S.; Harding, A. K.; Hays, E.; McEnery, J. E.; Nemmen, R.; Perkins, J. S.; Scargle, J. D.; Troja, E.

    2013-01-01

    Gamma-ray binaries are stellar systems for which the spectral energy distribution (discounting the thermal stellar emission) peaks at high energies. Detected from radio to TeV gamma rays, the gamma-ray binary LS I + 61?303 is highly variable across all frequencies. One aspect of this system's variability is the modulation of its emission with the timescale set by the approx. 26.4960 day orbital period. Here we show that, during the time of our observations, the gamma-ray emission of LS I + 61 deg. 303 also presents a sinusoidal variability consistent with the previously known superorbital period of 1667 days. This modulation is more prominently seen at orbital phases around apastron, whereas it does not introduce a visible change close to periastron. It is also found in the appearance and disappearance of variability at the orbital period in the power spectrum of the data. This behavior could be explained by a quasi-cyclical evolution of the equatorial outflow of the Be companion star, whose features influence the conditions for generating gamma rays. These findings open the possibility to use gamma-ray observations to study the outflows of massive stars in eccentric binary systems.

  6. Evidence of coupling between the thermal and nonthermal emission in the gamma-ray binary LS I +61 303

    CERN Document Server

    Paredes-Fortuny, X; Bosch-Ramon, V; Casares, J; Fors, O; Núñez, J

    2015-01-01

    The gamma-ray binary LS I +61 303 is composed of a Be star and a compact companion orbiting in an eccentric orbit. Variable flux modulated with the orbital period of ~26.5 d has been detected from radio to very high-energy gamma rays. In addition, the system presents a superorbital variability of the phase and amplitude of the radio outburst with a period of ~4.6 yr. We present optical photometric observations of LS I +61 303 spanning ~1.5 yr and contemporaneous Halpha equivalent width (EW Halpha) data. The optical photometry shows, for the first time, that the known orbital modulation suffers a positive orbital phase shift and an increase in flux for data obtained 1-yr apart. This behavior is similar to that already known at radio wavelengths, indicating that the optical flux follows the superorbital variability as well. The orbital modulation of the EW Halpha presents the already known superorbital flux variability but shows, also for the first time, a positive orbital phase shift. In addition, the optical ...

  7. Low resolution spectroscopy of hot post-AGB candidates II. LS, LSS, LSE stars and additional IRAS sources

    CERN Document Server

    Parthasarathy, M; Vijapurkar, J; Takeda, Y

    2011-01-01

    Hot (OB) post-AGB stars are immediate progenitors of planetary nebulae (PNe). Very few hot post-AGB stars are known. Detecting new hot post-AGB candidates and follow-up multiwavelength studies will enable us to further understand the processes during the post-AGB evolution that lead to the formation of PNe. Case-Hamburg OB star surveys and their extension (LS, LSS, and LSE catalogues) and IRAS (point source) catalogues are good sources for detecting new hot post-AGB candidates from low resolution spectroscopy. Spectral types are determined from low resolution optical spectra of 44 stars selected from the LS, LSS, and LSE catalogues. Unlike the stars in the first paper, the stars in this paper were selected using criteria other than positional coincidence with an IRAS source with far IR (IRAS) colours similar to post-AGB supergiants and planetary nebulae. These included high galactic latitude, spectral types of O, B, A supergiants, emission lines in the spectrum and known spectral peculiarity. From the present...

  8. Optical Line Profile Variability of the B1+Neutron Star Binary System LS I+65010 (2S 0114+650

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. Koenigsberger

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Presentamos los resultados de observaciones espectroscópicas de alta resolución del sistema binario masivo con emisión de rayos-X LS I +65 010 (2S 0114+650. Se encuentra una correlación entre el ancho equivalente y la velocidad radial de las líneas en absorción tal que las líneas más intensas tienen las velocidades más grandes. La velocidad del sistema se deduce utilizando las líneas menos intensas, obteniéndose Vhelio = _31kms_1, la cual, si se atribuye únicamente a la rotación Galáctica, implica que LS I +65 010 se ubica a _ 3 kpc de la vecindad solar. Las líneas interestelares de Na I D muestran dos componentes de alta velocidad y dos componentes que se pueden asociar a los brazos espirales de Orión y de Perseo. Se reporta la presencia de variabilidad en los perfiles de las líneas, y se sugiere que la curva de velocidad radial del sistema está deformada por estas variaciones.

  9. Aerosols in the tropical and subtropical UT/LS: in-situ measurements of submicron particle abundance and volatility

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Borrmann

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Processes occurring in the tropical upper troposphere (UT, the Tropical Transition Layer (TTL, and the lower stratosphere (LS are of importance for the global climate, for stratospheric dynamics and air chemistry, and for their influence on the global distribution of water vapour, trace gases and aerosols. In this contribution we present aerosol and trace gas (in-situ measurements from the tropical UT/LS over Southern Brazil, Northern Australia, and West Africa. The instruments were operated on board of the Russian high altitude research aircraft M-55 "Geophysica" and the DLR Falcon-20 during the campaigns TROCCINOX (Araçatuba, Brazil, February 2005, SCOUT-O3 (Darwin, Australia, December 2005, and SCOUT-AMMA (Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, August 2006. The data cover submicron particle number densities and volatility from the COndensation PArticle counting System (COPAS, as well as relevant trace gases like N2O, ozone, and CO. We use these trace gas measurements to place the aerosol data into a broader atmospheric context. Also a juxtaposition of the submicron particle data with previous measurements over Costa Rica and other tropical locations between 1999 and 2007 (NASA DC-8 and NASA WB-57F is provided. The submicron particle number densities, as a function of altitude, were found to be remarkably constant in the tropical UT/LS altitude band for the two decades after 1987. Thus, a parameterisation suitable for models can be extracted from these measurements. Compared to the average levels in the period between 1987 and 2007 a slight increase of particle abundances was found for 2005/2006 at altitudes with potential temperatures, Θ, above 430 K. The origins of this increase are unknown except for increases measured during SCOUT-AMMA. Here the eruption of the Soufrière Hills volcano in the Caribbean caused elevated particle mixing ratios. The vertical profiles from Northern hemispheric mid-latitudes between 1999 and 2006 also are

  10. Aerosols in the tropical and subtropical UT/LS: in-situ measurements of submicron particle abundance and volatility

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borrmann, S.; Kunkel, D.; Weigel, R.; Minikin, A.; Deshler, T.; Wilson, J. C.; Curtius, J.; Volk, C. M.; Homan, C. D.; Ulanovsky, A.; Ravegnani, F.; Viciani, S.; Shur, G. N.; Belyaev, G. V.; Law, K. S.; Cairo, F.

    2010-06-01

    Processes occurring in the tropical upper troposphere (UT), the Tropical Transition Layer (TTL), and the lower stratosphere (LS) are of importance for the global climate, for stratospheric dynamics and air chemistry, and for their influence on the global distribution of water vapour, trace gases and aerosols. In this contribution we present aerosol and trace gas (in-situ) measurements from the tropical UT/LS over Southern Brazil, Northern Australia, and West Africa. The instruments were operated on board of the Russian high altitude research aircraft M-55 "Geophysica" and the DLR Falcon-20 during the campaigns TROCCINOX (Araçatuba, Brazil, February 2005), SCOUT-O3 (Darwin, Australia, December 2005), and SCOUT-AMMA (Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, August 2006). The data cover submicron particle number densities and volatility from the COndensation PArticle counting System (COPAS), as well as relevant trace gases like N2O, ozone, and CO. We use these trace gas measurements to place the aerosol data into a broader atmospheric context. Also a juxtaposition of the submicron particle data with previous measurements over Costa Rica and other tropical locations between 1999 and 2007 (NASA DC-8 and NASA WB-57F) is provided. The submicron particle number densities, as a function of altitude, were found to be remarkably constant in the tropical UT/LS altitude band for the two decades after 1987. Thus, a parameterisation suitable for models can be extracted from these measurements. Compared to the average levels in the period between 1987 and 2007 a slight increase of particle abundances was found for 2005/2006 at altitudes with potential temperatures, Θ, above 430 K. The origins of this increase are unknown except for increases measured during SCOUT-AMMA. Here the eruption of the Soufrière Hills volcano in the Caribbean caused elevated particle mixing ratios. The vertical profiles from Northern hemispheric mid-latitudes between 1999 and 2006 also are compact enough to derive a

  11. Influence of two-electrode montages on the level-specific (LS) CE-Chirp auditory brainstem response (ABR) at multiple intensity levels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dzulkarnain, Ahmad Aidil Arafat; Noor Ibrahim, Siti Hajra Mu'minah; Anuar, Nur Farah Aida; Abdullah, Siti Aisyah; Tengku Zam Zam, Tengku Zulaila Hasma; Rahmat, Sarah; Mohd Ruzai, Muhammad Amar

    2017-10-01

    To investigate the influence of two different electrode montages (ipsilateral: reference to mastoid and vertical: reference to nape of neck) to the ABR results recorded using a level-specific (LS)-CE-Chirp® in normally hearing subjects at multiple intensities levels. Quasi-experimental and repeated measure study designs were applied in this study. Two different stopping criteria were used, (1) a fixed-signal averaging 4000 sweeps and, (2) a minimum quality indicator of Fmp = 3.1 with a minimum of 800 sweeps. Twenty-nine normally hearing adults (18 females, 11 male) participated. Wave V amplitudes were significantly larger in the LS CE-Chirp® recorded from the vertical montage than the ipsilateral montage. Waves I and III amplitudes were significantly larger from the ipsilateral LS CE-Chirp® than from the other montages and stimulus combinations. The differences in the quality of the ABR recording between the vertical and ipsilateral montages were marginal. Overall, the result suggested that the vertical LS CE-Chirp® ABR had a high potential for a threshold-seeking application, because it produced a higher wave V amplitude. The Ipsilateral LS CE-Chirp® ABR, on the other hand, might also have a high potential for the site of lesion application, because it produced larger waves I and III amplitudes.

  12. [Based on the LS-SVM modeling method determination of soil available N and available K by using near-infrared spectroscopy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Xue-Mei; Liu, Jian-She

    2012-11-01

    Visible infrared spectroscopy (Vis/SW-NIRS) was investigated in the present study for measurement accuracy of soil properties,namely, available nitrogen(N) and available potassium(K). Three types of pretreatments including standard normal variate (SNV), multiplicative scattering correction (MSC) and Savitzky-Golay smoothing+first derivative were adopted to eliminate the system noises and external disturbances. Then partial least squares (PLS) and least squares-support vector machine (LS-SVM) models analysis were implemented for calibration models. Simultaneously, the performance of least squares-support vector machine (LS-SVM) models was compared with three kinds of inputs, including PCA(PCs), latent variables (LVs), and effective wavelengths (EWs). The results indicated that all LS-SVM models outperformed PLS models. The performance of the model was evaluated by the correlation coefficient (r2) and RMSEP. The optimal EWs-LS-SVM models were achieved, and the correlation coefficient (r2) and RMSEP were 0.82 and 17.2 for N and 0.72 and 15.0 for K, respectively. The results indicated that visible and short wave-near infrared spectroscopy (Vis/SW-NIRS)(325-1 075 nm) combined with LS-SVM could be utilized as a precision method for the determination of soil properties.

  13. The Presence of Conjugative Plasmid pLS20 Affects Global Transcription of Its Bacillus subtilis Host and Confers Beneficial Stress Resistance to Cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rösch, Thomas C.; Golman, Wladislaw; Hucklesby, Laura; Gonzalez-Pastor, Jose E.

    2014-01-01

    Conjugation activity of plasmid pLS20 from Bacillus subtilis subsp. natto is induced when cells are diluted into fresh medium and diminishes as cells enter into stationary-phase growth. Transcriptional profiling shows that during mid-exponential growth, more than 5% of the host genes are affected in the presence of the plasmid, in contrast to the minor changes seen in freshly diluted and stationary-phase cells. Changes occurred in many metabolic pathways, although pLS20 does not confer any detectable burden on its host cell, as well as in membrane and cell wall-associated processes, in the large motility operon, and in several other cellular processes. In agreement with these changes, we found considerable alterations in motility and enzyme activity and increased resistance against several different forms of stress in cells containing the plasmid, revealing that the presence of pLS20 has a broad impact on the physiology of its host cell and increases its stress resistance in multiple aspects. Additionally, we found that the lack of chromosomal gene yueB, known to encode a phage receptor protein, which is upregulated in cells containing pLS20, strongly reduced conjugation efficiency, revealing that pLS20 not only increases fitness of its host but also employs host proteins for efficient transfer into a new cell. PMID:24334659

  14. Aqueous extract of Curcuma aromatica induces apoptosis and G2/M arrest in human colon carcinoma LS-174-T cells independent of p53.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Bing; Shen, Ke-Ping; An, Hong-Mei; Wu, Yang; Du, Qin

    2011-02-01

    Curcuma aromatica is a common Chinese herb for treating diseases with blood stasis and has been regarded as an anticancer herb in modern clinical practice. However, the anticancer effects and related molecular mechanisms of Curcuma aromatica remain unclear. In the present study, human colon carcinoma LS-174-T cell line with wild-type p53 was used as a model cell to evaluate the anticancer effects of aqueous extract of Curcuma aromatica (AECA). AECA inhibits LS-174-T cell proliferation in a dose- and time-dependent manner and colony formation in a dose-dependent manner. AECA treatment induces apoptosis accompanied by caspase-8, -9, and -3 activation in LS-174-T cells. Moreover, blocking the activities of these caspases with a specific inhibitor significantly protected LS-174-T cells from AECA-induced apoptosis. AECA treatment also induces G2/M phase arrest in LS-174-T cells. Expression of p53 was unchanged after AECA treatment; specific silence of p53 did not influence AECA-induced apoptosis and G2/M phase arrest. Further, the expression of cyclin B1 and CDK1 was reduced by AECA. This study suggests that AECA might be effective as an antiproliferative herb for colon carcinoma, the antitumor activity of AECA may involve both extrinsic and intrinsic apoptosis, and AECA induces G2/M phase arrest via downregulation of cyclin B1 and CDK1 and without the participation of p53.

  15. Modeling for electric characteristic of SOFC based on LS-SVM%基于最小二乘支持向量机的SOFC电特性建模

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    霍海波; 朱新坚; 曹广益

    2007-01-01

    针对现有的固体氧化物燃料电池(SOFC)模型过于复杂的弊端,提出了一种基于最小二乘支持向量机(LS-SVM)的建模方法,用具有径向基函数(RBF)核函数的LS-SVM建立了SOFC电堆的非线性模型.应用仿真对建模的有效性和精度进行了检验,并与径向基函数神经网络(RBFNN)模型的辨识效果进行了比较.仿真结果证明,与RBFNN模型相比,LS-SVM模型具有较高的预测精度,这表明用LS-SVM对SOFC电堆进行建模是可行的.该LS-SVM模型的建立,对SOFC系统控制策略的研究具有一定的实用价值.

  16. Functional characterisation of the maternal yolk-associated protein (LsYAP) utilising systemic RNA interference in the salmon louse (Lepeophtheirus salmonis) (Crustacea: Copepoda).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dalvin, Sussie; Frost, Petter; Biering, Eirik; Hamre, Lars A; Eichner, Christiane; Krossøy, Bjørn; Nilsen, Frank

    2009-11-01

    The salmon louse (Lepeophtheirus salmonis) is an important pathogen in salmon aquaculture and a serious threat to wild populations of salmon. Knowledge of its basic biological processes such as reproduction is crucial for the control of this parasite and can facilitate development of a vaccine. Here, a novel yolk-associated protein, LsYAP, was characterised. Quantitative PCR and in situ analysis demonstrated that transcription of LsYAP takes place in the subcuticular tissue of adult females in the reproductive phase. LsYAP protein is transported and deposited in the developing eggs in the genital segment, where further processing takes place. The sequence characteristics, histological localisation and transcript regulation suggest that LsYAP is a yolk-associated protein. In addition, the use of RNA interference is, to our knowledge, demonstrated for the first time in a copepod. Treatment of adult females with double-stranded RNA led to lethality and deformations of offspring only. This result confirms that the LsYAP protein is produced in adult females but is utilised by the offspring.

  17. The little-studied cluster Berkeley 90. I. LS III +46 11: a very massive O3.5 If* + O3.5 If* binary

    CERN Document Server

    Apellániz, J Maíz; Barbá, R H; Walborn, N R; Pellerin, A; Simón-Díaz, S; Sota, A; Marco, A; Alonso-Santiago, J; Bermudez, J Sanchez; Gamen, R C; Lorenzo, J

    2015-01-01

    Context: It appears that most (if not all) massive stars are born in multiple systems. At the same time, the most massive binaries are hard to find due to their low numbers throughout the Galaxy and the implied large distances and extinctions. AIMS: We want to study: [a] LS III +46 11, identified in this paper as a very massive binary; [b] another nearby massive system, LS III +46 12; and [c] the surrounding stellar cluster, Berkeley 90. Methods: Most of the data used in this paper are multi-epoch high-S/N optical spectra though we also use Lucky Imaging and archival photometry. The spectra are reduced with devoted pipelines and processed with our own software, such as a spectroscopic-orbit code, CHORIZOS, and MGB. Results: LS III +46 11 is identified as a new very-early-O-type spectroscopic binary [O3.5 If* + O3.5 If*] and LS III +46 12 as another early O-type system [O4.5 V((f))]. We measure a 97.2-day period for LS III +46 12 and derive minimum masses of 38.80$\\pm$0.83 M_Sol and 35.60$\\pm$0.77 M_Sol for it...

  18. 3D tissue surface reconstruction based on compressed sensing and LS -SVM%基于压缩感知与LS-SVM的三维组织表面重建

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁志勇; 童倩倩; 喻思娇; 廖祥云

    2014-01-01

    A method of 3D tissue surface reconstruction based on compressed sensing (CS ) and least squares support vector machine (LS -SVM ) was proposed for a small amount of uniformly sampling data points on 3D surface .Firstly ,the same amount of data points with the surface to be reconstruc-ted was obtained by using fitting and interpolation method . Then , the discrete cosine transform (DCT ) was adopted for the 3D coordinate sparse representation respectively ,and the designed adap-tive observation matrix for signal observation .The orthogonal matching pursuit (OMP) was used as reconstruction algorithm .Finally ,the results of compressed sensing (CS) reconstruction were correc-ted by LS -SVM regression prediction model .Experimental results show that the tissue surface recon-struction data error based on the method proposed is small ,and the reconstructed surface is smooth , w hich can provide accurate surface data model for virtual surgery system based on virtual reality .%针对在三维表面上均匀采集的少量数据点,提出一种基于压缩感知与最小二乘支持向量机(L S-SVM )的三维组织表面重建方法。通过结合采用拟合与插值方法得到与待重构表面数据相同数目的数据点集,采用离散余弦变换(DC T )分别得到其三维坐标的稀疏系数,用设计的自适应观测矩阵进行观测,并选用正交匹配追踪算法作为重构算法,最后采用LS-SVM 回归预测模型对压缩感知重构结果进行修正。实验结果表明:该重建方法得到的组织表面数据误差小,能保持在1 mm左右,重建表面光滑,为基于虚拟现实的虚拟手术系统提供了精确的表面数据模型。

  19. 基于LS-DYNA的安全带固定点强度试验仿真精度研究%SIMULATION ACCURACY STUDY ON THE STRENGTH TEST OF SEATBELTS ANCHORAGES BASED ON LS-DYNA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑松林; 王肖龙; 李应军; 安超群

    2015-01-01

    针对安全带固定点强度试验这一准静态过程,通过对比分析弹性动力学中中心差分法(显式)和Newmark法(隐式)的优劣,选用LS-DYNA的显式求解器计算国产某出口澳大利亚车型座椅安全带.通过研究改变计算时间和加载函数两项关键参数,并选取一定的评价指标,逐步提高仿真结果与实车试验的吻合度.方法可推广到其他准静态强度分析中,为提高仿真准确度提供了较好的思路.

  20. Application of LS-SVM in dynamic positioning system of semisubmersible drilling platform%LS-SVM在半潜式海洋平台动力定位控制器中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    顾瑜; 李彦

    2013-01-01

    针对半潜式海洋平台,采用最小二乘支持向量机(LS-SVM)回归算法辨识平台的逆模型特性,并将所得的逆模型作为控制器直接与平台模型相连,其中采用径向基函数作为核函数,对海洋平台三自由度的运动分别设计了相应的控制器;同时对其进行仿真、比较与分析.结果表明,这种控制算法具有很强的泛化能力和较高的精度.

  1. Studies of effect of heterocyclic dyes in photogalvanic cells for solar energy conversion and storage: NaLS-ascorbic acid system

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    K R Genwa; Anju Chouhan

    2004-11-01

    The photogalvanic effect has been studied in three systems using photogalvanic cells and NaLS-ascorbic acid-azur A, NaLS-ascorbic acid-azur B, NaLS-ascorbic acid-azur C systems. The photopotential and photocurrent generated by these systems are 770.0, 971.0, 623.0 mV and 160.0, 185.0, 145.0 A respectively. The effects of different parameters on the electrical outputs of the cell have been observed and current-voltage characteristics of the cell studied, and a mechanism has been proposed for the generation of photocurrent in photogalvanic cells. The conversion efficiencies for azur A, azur B and azur C are 0.5461, 0.9646 and 0.4567% and storage capacity 110, 135 and 95 min respectively.

  2. Effect of supplementation of Bacillus subtilis LS 1-2 to broiler diets on growth performance, nutrient retention, caecal microbiology and small intestinal morphology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sen, Sinol; Ingale, S L; Kim, Y W; Kim, J S; Kim, K H; Lohakare, J D; Kim, E K; Kim, H S; Ryu, M H; Kwon, I K; Chae, B J

    2012-08-01

    Present study investigated the effect of dietary supplementation of Bacillus subtilis LS 1-2 on growth performance, apparent nutrient retention, caecal microbial population and intestinal morphology in broilers. Three hundred and twenty day-old Ross broiler chicks were randomly allotted to four treatments on the basis of BW in a randomized complete block design. Experimental diets were fed in two phases: starter (d 0-21) and finisher (d 22-35). Dietary treatments were basal diet supplemented with 0% (control), 0.15%, 0.30% and 0.45% B. subtilis LS 1-2. Supplementation of increasing levels of B. subtilis LS 1-2 showed linear improvement (PLS 1-2 showed decrease in caecal Clostridium and Coliform count (linear, PLS 1-2 increased (linear, PLS 1-2 can be used as a growth promoter in broiler diets and can improve intestinal microbial balance and gut health of broilers.

  3. QSAR study of anthranilic acid sulfonamides as inhibitors of methionine aminopeptidase-2 using LS-SVM and GRNN based on principal components.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shahlaei, Mohsen; Sabet, Razieh; Ziari, Maryam Bahman; Moeinifard, Behzad; Fassihi, Afshin; Karbakhsh, Reza

    2010-10-01

    Quantitative relationships between molecular structure and methionine aminopeptidase-2 inhibitory activity of a series of cytotoxic anthranilic acid sulfonamide derivatives were discovered. We have demonstrated the detailed application of two efficient nonlinear methods for evaluation of quantitative structure-activity relationships of the studied compounds. Components produced by principal component analysis as input of developed nonlinear models were used. The performance of the developed models namely PC-GRNN and PC-LS-SVM were tested by several validation methods. The resulted PC-LS-SVM model had a high statistical quality (R(2)=0.91 and R(CV)(2)=0.81) for predicting the cytotoxic activity of the compounds. Comparison between predictability of PC-GRNN and PC-LS-SVM indicates that later method has higher ability to predict the activity of the studied molecules.

  4. 基于 LS052A Cb 的无刷直流电机的控制系统设计%Control System of Brushless DC Motor Based on LS052A Cb

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韦宏利; 李金荣

    2016-01-01

    基于设计一款高效节能的无刷直流电机的控制系统方案的目的,LS052A Cb 是一款国产通用型单片机,能够实现多核多任务并行处理。在研究了 SVPWM 基本原理的基础上,采用空间矢量脉宽调制技术的方法,通过运用反电动势检测实现无位置传感器方式的位置检测,并检测速度和电流采集运用双闭环 PID 的控制策略实现了对无刷直流电机的速度控制的试验,得出一种新型无刷直流电机控制系统的方案可行,具有应用价值。%This paper seeks to design a control system for an efficient and energy saving brushless DC motor.LS052A Cb is a general purpose microcontroller in made in China that supports parallel multi core multi tasking processing.After studying the basic principles of SVPWM,with space vector pulse width modulation technology,and via counter EMF position detection is achieved under the sensor less mode.And speed detection and current collection using dual loop PID control strategy,speed control ex-periment of the brushless DC motor is carried out.The conclusion of feasibility of a new type of brushless DC motor control system of the program is obtained and proven of great value in application.

  5. CÁLCULO AUTOMÁTICO DO FATOR TOPOGRÁFICO (LS DA EUPS, NA BACIA DO RIO PARACATU AUTOMATIC CALCULATION OF THE TOPOGRAPHIC FACTOR (LS OF THE USLE, IN THE PARACATU RIVER BASIN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valtercides Cavalcante da Silva

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available

    Embora a equação universal de perda de solo (EUPS seja amplamente utilizada na predição de perda de solo, é difícil obter certos fatores dessa equação em bacias hidrográficas, como é o caso do fator de comprimento de vertente (fator L. Diante disso, este trabalho objetivou determinar de maneira informatizada (automática, o fator topográfico (LS da EUPS, utilizando para o cálculo do fator L o algoritmo de Desmet & Govers (1996, com o suporte de um Sistema de Informações Geográficas (SIG. Verificou-se a viabilidade do cálculo do fator de comprimento de vertente, na escala de 1:100.000, por meio da metodologia desses autores, que considera o fluxo acumulado.

    Although the Universal Soil Loss Equation (USLE is widely used all over the world in the prediction of soil loss, a few factors of the equation are difficult to obtain, such as the slope length factor (L factor, particularly in watersheds. For this reason, the purpose of the present research was to apply the methodology for automatic calculation of the topographic factor (LS factor using the algorithm developed by Desmet and Govers (1996 which defines the slope length factor (L factor through the Geographic Information System (GIS. It was verified that the slope length factor (L, as developed by Desmet and Govers (1996, which accounts for accumulated flow, showed feasible results.

    KEY-WORDS: USLE; L factor; topographic factor; GIS.

  6. The large-scale blast score ratio (LS-BSR) pipeline: a method to rapidly compare genetic content between bacterial genomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sahl, Jason W; Caporaso, J Gregory; Rasko, David A; Keim, Paul

    2014-01-01

    Background. As whole genome sequence data from bacterial isolates becomes cheaper to generate, computational methods are needed to correlate sequence data with biological observations. Here we present the large-scale BLAST score ratio (LS-BSR) pipeline, which rapidly compares the genetic content of hundreds to thousands of bacterial genomes, and returns a matrix that describes the relatedness of all coding sequences (CDSs) in all genomes surveyed. This matrix can be easily parsed in order to identify genetic relationships between bacterial genomes. Although pipelines have been published that group peptides by sequence similarity, no other software performs the rapid, large-scale, full-genome comparative analyses carried out by LS-BSR. Results. To demonstrate the utility of the method, the LS-BSR pipeline was tested on 96 Escherichia coli and Shigella genomes; the pipeline ran in 163 min using 16 processors, which is a greater than 7-fold speedup compared to using a single processor. The BSR values for each CDS, which indicate a relative level of relatedness, were then mapped to each genome on an independent core genome single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) based phylogeny. Comparisons were then used to identify clade specific CDS markers and validate the LS-BSR pipeline based on molecular markers that delineate between classical E. coli pathogenic variant (pathovar) designations. Scalability tests demonstrated that the LS-BSR pipeline can process 1,000 E. coli genomes in 27-57 h, depending upon the alignment method, using 16 processors. Conclusions. LS-BSR is an open-source, parallel implementation of the BSR algorithm, enabling rapid comparison of the genetic content of large numbers of genomes. The results of the pipeline can be used to identify specific markers between user-defined phylogenetic groups, and to identify the loss and/or acquisition of genetic information between bacterial isolates. Taxa-specific genetic markers can then be translated into clinical

  7. Convection-enhanced delivery of Ls-TPT enables an effective, continuous, low-dose chemotherapy against malignant glioma xenograft model1

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saito, Ryuta; Krauze, Michal T.; Noble, Charles O.; Drummond, Daryl C.; Kirpotin, Dmitri B.; Berger, Mitchel S.; Park, John W.; Bankiewicz, Krystof S.

    2006-01-01

    Treatment of malignant gliomas represents one of the most formidable challenges in oncology. The combination of surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy yields median survivals of less than one year. Here we demonstrate the use of a minimally invasive surgical technique, convection-enhanced delivery (CED), for local administration of a novel nanoparticle liposome containing topotecan. CED of this liposomal topotecan (Ls-TPT) resulted in extended brain tissue retention (t½ = 1.5 days), whereas free topotecan was rapidly cleared (t½ = 0.1 days) after CED. The favorable pharmacokinetic profile of extended topotecan release for about seven days, along with biodistribution featuring perivascular accumulation of the nanoparticles, provided, in addition to the known topoisomerase I inhibition, an effective antiangiogenic therapy. In the rat intracranial U87MG tumor model, vascular targeting of Ls-TPT with CED was associated with reductions in laminin expression and vascular density compared to free topotecan or control treatments. A single CED treatment on day 7 showed that free topotecan conferred no survival benefit versus control. However, Ls-TPT produced a significant (P = 0.0002) survival benefit, with six of seven complete cures. Larger U87MG tumors, where CED of Ls-TPT on day 12 resulted in one of six cures, indicated the necessity to cover the entire tumor with the infused therapeutic agent. CED of Ls-TPT was also efficacious in the intracranial U251MG tumor model (P = 0.0005 versus control). We conclude that the combination of a novel nanoparticle Ls-TPT and CED administration was very effective in treating experimental brain tumors. PMID:16723630

  8. From hybrid swarms to swarms of hybrids

    Science.gov (United States)

    The introgression of modern humans (Homo sapiens) with Neanderthals 40,000 YBP after a half-million years of separation, may have led to the best example of a hybrid swarm on earth. Modern trade and transportation in support of the human hybrids has continued to introduce additional species, genotyp...

  9. The Hybrid Museum: Hybrid Economies of Meaning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vestergaard, Vitus

    2013-01-01

    this article shows that there are two different museum mindsets where the second mindset leans towards participatory practices. It is shown how a museum can support a hybrid economy of meaning that builds on both a user generated economy of meaning and an institutional economy of meaning and adds value to both....... Such a museum is referred to as a hybrid museum....

  10. Hydraulic Hybrid Vehicles

    Science.gov (United States)

    EPA and the United Parcel Service (UPS) have developed a hydraulic hybrid delivery vehicle to explore and demonstrate the environmental benefits of the hydraulic hybrid for urban pick-up and delivery fleets.

  11. Hybrid Management in Hospitals

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Byrkjeflot, Haldor; Jespersen, Peter Kragh

    2010-01-01

    Artiklen indeholder et litteraturbaseret studium af ledelsesformer i sygehuse, hvor sundhedsfaglig ledelse og generel ledelse mikses til hybride ledelsesformer......Artiklen indeholder et litteraturbaseret studium af ledelsesformer i sygehuse, hvor sundhedsfaglig ledelse og generel ledelse mikses til hybride ledelsesformer...

  12. Hybridization of Adaptive Differential Evolution with an Expensive Local Search Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rashida Adeeb Khanum

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Differential evolution (DE is an effective and efficient heuristic for global optimization problems. However, it faces difficulty in exploiting the local region around the approximate solution. To handle this issue, local search (LS techniques could be hybridized with DE to improve its local search capability. In this work, we hybridize an updated version of DE, adaptive differential evolution with optional external archive (JADE with an expensive LS method, Broydon-Fletcher-Goldfarb-Shano (BFGS for solving continuous unconstrained global optimization problems. The new hybrid algorithm is denoted by DEELS. To validate the performance of DEELS, we carried out extensive experiments on well known test problems suits, CEC2005 and CEC2010. The experimental results, in terms of function error values, success rate, and some other statistics, are compared with some of the state-of-the-art algorithms, self-adaptive control parameters in differential evolution (jDE, sequential DE enhanced by neighborhood search for large-scale global optimization (SDENS, and differential ant-stigmergy algorithm (DASA. These comparisons reveal that DEELS outperforms jDE and SDENS except DASA on the majority of test instances.

  13. Resin Catalyst Hybrids

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    S. Asaoka

    2005-01-01

    @@ 1Introduction: What are resin catalyst hybrids? There are typically two types of resin catalyst. One is acidic resin which representative is polystyrene sulfonic acid. The other is basic resin which is availed as metal complex support. The objective items of this study on resin catalyst are consisting of pellet hybrid, equilibrium hybrid and function hybrid of acid and base,as shown in Fig. 1[1-5].

  14. Mesoscale hybrid calibration artifact

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tran, Hy D.; Claudet, Andre A.; Oliver, Andrew D.

    2010-09-07

    A mesoscale calibration artifact, also called a hybrid artifact, suitable for hybrid dimensional measurement and the method for make the artifact. The hybrid artifact has structural characteristics that make it suitable for dimensional measurement in both vision-based systems and touch-probe-based systems. The hybrid artifact employs the intersection of bulk-micromachined planes to fabricate edges that are sharp to the nanometer level and intersecting planes with crystal-lattice-defined angles.

  15. LSO8拉丝用盘条的研制%Development of LS08 Wire Rod for Drawing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙永乐; 黄肇信

    2001-01-01

    LS08拉丝用盘条(Ф6.5mm)系低碳低硅镇静钢,采用氧气顶吹转炉冶炼-钢包底吹氩-小方坯连铸(110mm×110mm)-轧后堆冷工艺生产.通过对化学成分科学合理设计及采取冶炼、连铸技术和轧制等工艺措施,使得盘条具有强度低、塑性高、易拉拔等特点,其极限总面缩率可达到99.91%,拉拔性能达到了沸腾钢盘条的水平.

  16. L-S mass transfer in G-L-S countercurrent magnetically stabilized bed with amorphous alloy SRNA-4 catalyst

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wei; Li; Baoning; Zong; Xiaofang; Li; Xiangkun; Meng; Jinli; Zhang

    2007-01-01

    Liquid-solid (L-S) mass transfer coefficients (Ks) were characterized in a gas-liquid-solid (G-L-S) three-phase countercurrent magnetically stabilized bed (MSB) using amorphous alloy SRNA-4 as the solid phase. Effects of superficial liquid velocity, superficial gas velocity, magnetic field strength, liquid viscosity and surface tension were investigated. Experimental results indicated that the external magnetic field increased Ks in three-phase MSB, as compared to those in conventional G-L-S fluidized beds; that Ks increased with magnetic field strength, superficial gas and liquid velocities and decreased with liquid viscosity and surface tension; and that Ks showed uniform axial and radial distributions except for small increases close to the wall. Dimensionless correlations were established to estimate Ks of the G-L-S countercurrent MSB using SRNA-4catalyst, with an average error of 3.6%.

  17. An extended X-ray object ejected from the PSR B1259-63/LS 2883 binary

    CERN Document Server

    Pavlov, George G; Kargaltsev, Oleg; Rangelov, Blagoy; Durant, Martin

    2015-01-01

    We present the analysis of the Chandra X-ray Observatory observations of the eccentric gamma-ray binary PSR B1259-63/LS 2883. The analysis shows that the extended X-ray feature seen in previous observations is still moving away from the binary with an average projected velocity of about 0.07c and shows a hint of acceleration. The spectrum of the feature appears to be hard (photon index of 0.8) with no sign of softening compared to previously measured values. We interpret it as a clump of plasma ejected from the binary through the interaction of the pulsar with the decretion disk of the O-star around periastron passage. We suggest that the clump is moving in the unshocked relativistic pulsar wind (PW), which can accelerate the clump. Its X-ray emission can be interpreted as synchrotron radiation of the PW shocked by the collision with the clump.

  18. Research on the Dynamics of Crankshaft Under the Condition of Operating Mode Based on LS-DYNA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Han Shaojun

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available A model of crankshaft under working condition is established based on LS-DYNA. The stress distributions of crankshaft and its regularities of the stress along surface of crankshaft and layer depth at the fillet are studied. The results show that the obvious stress concentration exist in the upper end of fillet on main journal and the lower end of fillet on rod journal when the piston arrives at top dead center, and the maximum equivalent stress occurs at the fillet on rod journal, so the fracture of crankshaft is most likely to occur in the lower end of fillet on rod journal. With the increase of depth, the stress on the surface of fillet reduces correspondingly, and the equivalent stress begins to stabilize when the depth reaches up to 2.8 mm. The study of maximum working stress provides the theory basis for the selection of residual stress.

  19. UNVEILING THE SUPER-ORBITAL MODULATION OF LS I +61 Degree-Sign 303 IN X-RAYS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Li Jian; Zhang Shu; Chen Yupeng; Wang Jianmin [Key Laboratory for Particle Astrophysics, Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 19B Yuquan Road, Beijing 100049 (China); Torres, Diego F.; Hadasch, Daniela; Rea, Nanda; Caliandro, G. Andrea, E-mail: jianli@ihep.ac.cn [Institut de Ciencies de l' Espai (IEEC-CSIC), Campus UAB, Torre C5, 2a planta, 08193 Barcelona (Spain)

    2012-01-15

    From the longest monitoring of LS I +61 Degree-Sign 303 done to date by the Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer we found evidence for the long-sought, years-long modulation in the X-ray emission of the source. The time evolution of the modulated fraction in the orbital light curves can be well fitted with a sinusoidal function having a super-orbital period of 1667 days, the same as the one reported in non-contemporaneous radio measurements. However, we have found a 281.8 {+-} 44.6 day shift between the super-orbital variability found at radio frequencies extrapolated to the observation time of our campaign and what we found in the super-orbital modulation of the modulated fraction of our X-ray data. We also find a super-orbital modulation in the maximum count rate of the orbital light curves, compatible with the former results, including the shift.

  20. Estimation of algal colonization growth on mortar surface using a hybridization of machine learning and metaheuristic optimization

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    THU-HIEN TRAN; NHAT-DUC HOANG

    2017-06-01

    Estimation of the algal colonization growth on fac¸ade structure can provide useful information for the task of building maintenance. This research proposes a machine learning method based on the least squares support vector regression (LS-SVR) for modelling the growth time of the green alga Klebsormidium flaccidum on mortar surfaces. Furthermore, to identify an appropriate set of the LS-SVR hyper-parameters, the flower pollination algorithm (FPA) is employed as an optimization technique. The characteristics of the mortar samples, including surface roughness, porosity, surface pH, carbonated condition and type of cement, are employed as input factors for the analysing process. This study relies on a dataset that records 539 laboratory experiments to establish a hybrid model of the LS-SVR and the FPA. The cross-validation process reveals that the proposed method can successfully capture the functional relationship between the algal colonization growth and its influencing factors with a satisfactory outcome (the coefficient of determination R 2 = 0.94 and the root meansquare error RMSE = 4.55). These facts demonstrate that the hybrid model is a promising tool for assisting the decision-making process in building maintenance planning

  1. Realizing the Hybrid Library.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinfield, Stephen; Eaton, Jonathan; Edwards, Catherine; Russell, Rosemary; Wissenburg, Astrid; Wynne, Peter

    1998-01-01

    Outlines five projects currently funded by the United Kingdom's Electronic Libraries Program (eLib): HyLiFe (Hybrid Library of the Future), MALIBU (MAnaging the hybrid Library for the Benefit of Users), HeadLine (Hybrid Electronic Access and Delivery in the Library Networked Environment), ATHENS (authentication scheme), and BUILDER (Birmingham…

  2. Homoploid hybrid expectations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Homoploid hybrid speciation occurs when a stable, fertile, and reproductively isolated lineage results from hybridization between two distinct species without a change in ploidy level. Reproductive isolation between a homoploid hybrid species and its parents is generally attained via chromosomal re...

  3. Hybrid armature projectile

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hawke, Ronald S.; Asay, James R.; Hall, Clint A.; Konrad, Carl H.; Sauve, Gerald L.; Shahinpoor, Mohsen; Susoeff, Allan R.

    1993-01-01

    A projectile for a railgun that uses a hybrid armature and provides a seed block around part of the outer surface of the projectile to seed the hybrid plasma brush. In addition, the hybrid armature is continuously vaporized to replenish plasma in a plasma armature to provide a tandem armature and provides a unique ridge and groove to reduce plasama blowby.

  4. Intraply Hybrid Composite Design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chamis, C. C.; Sinclair, J. H.

    1986-01-01

    Several theoretical approaches combined in program. Intraply hybrid composites investigated theoretically and experimentally at Lewis Research Center. Theories developed during investigations and corroborated by attendant experiments used to develop computer program identified as INHYD (Intraply Hybrid Composite Design). INHYD includes several composites micromechanics theories, intraply hybrid composite theories, and integrated hygrothermomechanical theory. Equations from theories used by program as appropriate for user's specific applications.

  5. Hybrid quantum information processing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Furusawa, Akira [Department of Applied Physics, School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo (Japan)

    2014-12-04

    I will briefly explain the definition and advantage of hybrid quantum information processing, which is hybridization of qubit and continuous-variable technologies. The final goal would be realization of universal gate sets both for qubit and continuous-variable quantum information processing with the hybrid technologies. For that purpose, qubit teleportation with a continuousvariable teleporter is one of the most important ingredients.

  6. Globally Conservative, Hybrid Self-Adjoint Angular Flux and Least-Squares Method Compatible with Void

    CERN Document Server

    Laboure, Vincent M; Wang, Yaqi

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, we derive a method for the second-order form of the transport equation that is both globally conservative and compatible with voids, using Continuous Finite Element Methods (CFEM). The main idea is to use the Least-Squares (LS) form of the transport equation in the void regions and the Self-Adjoint Angular Flux (SAAF) form elsewhere. While the SAAF formulation is globally conservative, the LS formulation need a correction in void. The price to pay for this fix is the loss of symmetry of the bilinear form. We first derive this Conservative LS (CLS) formulation in void. Second we combine the SAAF and CLS forms and end up with an hybrid SAAF-CLS method, having the desired properties. We show that extending the theory to near-void regions is a minor complication and can be done without affecting the global conservation of the scheme. Being angular discretization agnostic, this method can be applied to both discrete ordinates (SN) and spherical harmonics (PN) methods. However, since a globally conse...

  7. Using hybrid models to predict blood pressure reactivity to unsupported back based on anthropometric characteristics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Gurmanik KAUR‡; Ajat Shatru ARORA; Vijender Kumar JAIN

    2015-01-01

    Accurate blood pressure (BP) measurement is essential in epidemiological studies, screening programmes, and re-search studies as well as in clinical practice for the early detection and prevention of high BP-related risks such as coronary heart disease, stroke, and kidney failure. Posture of the participant plays a vital role in accurate measurement of BP. Guidelines on measurement of BP contain recommendations on the position of the back of the participants by advising that they should sit with supported back to avoid spuriously high readings. In this work, principal component analysis (PCA) is fused with forward stepwise regression (SWR), artificial neural network (ANN), adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS), and the least squares support vector machine (LS-SVM) model for the prediction of BP reactivity to an unsupported back in normotensive and hypertensive participants. PCA is used to remove multi-collinearity among anthropometric predictor variables and to select a subset of com-ponents, termed‘principal components’ (PCs), from the original dataset. The selected PCs are fed into the proposed models for modeling and testing. The evaluation of the performance of the constructed models, using appropriate statistical indices, shows clearly that a PCA-based LS-SVM (PCA-LS-SVM) model is a promising approach for the prediction of BP reactivity in com-parison to others. This assessment demonstrates the importance and advantages posed by hybrid models for the prediction of variables in biomedical research studies.

  8. Development of a Continuum Damage Mechanics Material Model of a Graphite-Kevlar(Registered Trademark) Hybrid Fabric for Simulating the Impact Response of Energy Absorbing Kevlar(Registered Trademark) Hybrid Fabric for Simulating the Impact Response of Energy Absorbing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jackson, Karen E.; Fasanella, Edwin L.; Littell, Justin D.

    2017-01-01

    This paper describes the development of input properties for a continuum damage mechanics based material model, Mat 58, within LS-DYNA(Registered Trademark) to simulate the response of a graphite-Kevlar(Registered Trademark) hybrid plain weave fabric. A limited set of material characterization tests were performed on the hybrid graphite-Kevlar(Registered Trademark) fabric. Simple finite element models were executed in LS-DYNA(Registered Trademark) to simulate the material characterization tests and to verify the Mat 58 material model. Once verified, the Mat 58 model was used in finite element models of two composite energy absorbers: a conical-shaped design, designated the "conusoid," fabricated of four layers of hybrid graphite-Kevlar(Registered Trademark) fabric; and, a sinusoidal-shaped foam sandwich design, designated the "sinusoid," fabricated of the same hybrid fabric face sheets with a foam core. Dynamic crush tests were performed on components of the two energy absorbers, which were designed to limit average vertical accelerations to 25- to 40-g, to minimize peak crush loads, and to generate relatively long crush stroke values under dynamic loading conditions. Finite element models of the two energy absorbers utilized the Mat 58 model that had been verified through material characterization testing. Excellent predictions of the dynamic crushing response were obtained.

  9. The hydrogen hybrid option

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Smith, J.R.

    1993-10-15

    The energy efficiency of various piston engine options for series hybrid automobiles are compared with conventional, battery powered electric, and proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell hybrid automobiles. Gasoline, compressed natural gas (CNG), and hydrogen are considered for these hybrids. The engine and fuel comparisons are done on a basis of equal vehicle weight, drag, and rolling resistance. The relative emissions of these various fueled vehicle options are also presented. It is concluded that a highly optimized, hydrogen fueled, piston engine, series electric hybrid automobile will have efficiency comparable to a similar fuel cell hybrid automobile and will have fewer total emissions than the battery powered vehicle, even without a catalyst.

  10. Cloning and Expression of vip3A-LS1 Genefrom Bacillus thuringiensis LS1 Strain%苏云金芽胞杆菌营养期杀虫蛋白vip3A-LS1基因的克隆与表达

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆秀君; 郝会海; 宋萍; 杜克久; 李国勋

    2007-01-01

    从土壤中分离得到营养期对鳞翅目害虫高毒的苏云金芽胞杆菌(Bacillus thuringiensis,Bt)LS1菌株,分子检测该菌株中存在营养期杀虫蛋白基因,进行了该基因的克隆和表达.设计全长基因引物扩增得到了约2.3 kb的靶片段,序列分析证实为新vip3A基因,命名为vip3A-LSl,GenBank登录号为DQ016968,Bt基因命名委员会命名为Vip3Aa22.该基因推导蛋白与其它已知同源蛋白有8个氨基酸不同.构建vip3A-LS1基因的表达载体,SDS-PAGE检测约88 kD目的蛋白大量表达;生物测定表明,胞内可溶性蛋白对棉铃虫(Helicoverpa armigera)和甜菜夜蛾(Spodoptera exigua)活性最高.纯化蛋白对初孵棉铃虫和甜菜夜蛾的LC50分别为73.6和32.2 μg/g.

  11. Hybridization and extinction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Todesco, Marco; Pascual, Mariana A; Owens, Gregory L; Ostevik, Katherine L; Moyers, Brook T; Hübner, Sariel; Heredia, Sylvia M; Hahn, Min A; Caseys, Celine; Bock, Dan G; Rieseberg, Loren H

    2016-08-01

    Hybridization may drive rare taxa to extinction through genetic swamping, where the rare form is replaced by hybrids, or by demographic swamping, where population growth rates are reduced due to the wasteful production of maladaptive hybrids. Conversely, hybridization may rescue the viability of small, inbred populations. Understanding the factors that contribute to destructive versus constructive outcomes of hybridization is key to managing conservation concerns. Here, we survey the literature for studies of hybridization and extinction to identify the ecological, evolutionary, and genetic factors that critically affect extinction risk through hybridization. We find that while extinction risk is highly situation dependent, genetic swamping is much more frequent than demographic swamping. In addition, human involvement is associated with increased risk and high reproductive isolation with reduced risk. Although climate change is predicted to increase the risk of hybridization-induced extinction, we find little empirical support for this prediction. Similarly, theoretical and experimental studies imply that genetic rescue through hybridization may be equally or more probable than demographic swamping, but our literature survey failed to support this claim. We conclude that halting the introduction of hybridization-prone exotics and restoring mature and diverse habitats that are resistant to hybrid establishment should be management priorities.

  12. Very-short-term wind power prediction by a hybrid model with single- and multi-step approaches

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohammed, E.; Wang, S.; Yu, J.

    2017-05-01

    Very-short-term wind power prediction (VSTWPP) has played an essential role for the operation of electric power systems. This paper aims at improving and applying a hybrid method of VSTWPP based on historical data. The hybrid method is combined by multiple linear regressions and least square (MLR&LS), which is intended for reducing prediction errors. The predicted values are obtained through two sub-processes:1) transform the time-series data of actual wind power into the power ratio, and then predict the power ratio;2) use the predicted power ratio to predict the wind power. Besides, the proposed method can include two prediction approaches: single-step prediction (SSP) and multi-step prediction (MSP). WPP is tested comparatively by auto-regressive moving average (ARMA) model from the predicted values and errors. The validity of the proposed hybrid method is confirmed in terms of error analysis by using probability density function (PDF), mean absolute percent error (MAPE) and means square error (MSE). Meanwhile, comparison of the correlation coefficients between the actual values and the predicted values for different prediction times and window has confirmed that MSP approach by using the hybrid model is the most accurate while comparing to SSP approach and ARMA. The MLR&LS is accurate and promising for solving problems in WPP.

  13. Spoof Plasmon Hybridization

    CERN Document Server

    Zhang, Jingjing; Luo, Yu; Shen, Xiaopeng; Maier, Stefan A; Cui, Tie Jun

    2016-01-01

    Plasmon hybridization between closely spaced nanoparticles yields new hybrid modes not found in individual constituents, allowing for the engineering of resonance properties and field enhancement capabilities of metallic nanostructure. Experimental verifications of plasmon hybridization have been thus far mostly limited to optical frequencies, as metals cannot support surface plasmons at longer wavelengths. Here, we introduce the concept of 'spoof plasmon hybridization' in highly conductive metal structures and investigate experimentally the interaction of localized surface plasmon resonances (LSPR) in adjacent metal disks corrugated with subwavelength spiral patterns. We show that the hybridization results in the splitting of spoof plasmon modes into bonding and antibonding resonances analogous to molecular orbital rule and plasmonic hybridization in optical spectrum. These hybrid modes can be manipulated to produce enormous field enhancements (larger than 5000) by tuning the separation between disks or alte...

  14. Diagnosis of leg osseous infection in diabetics: place of scintigraphy of the polynuclear hydrocarbons labelled by HMPAO-{sup 99m}Tc (HMPAO-LS); Diagnostic de l`infection osseuse du pied chez le diabetique: place de la scintigraphie aux polynucleaires marques a l`HMPAO-Tc 99m (HMPAO-LS)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Devillers, A.; Moisan, A.; Hennion, F.; Poirier, J.Y.; Bourguet, P. [CRLCC Eugene Marquis, Medecine Nucleaire, CHRU Endocrinologie, Rennes (France)

    1997-12-31

    In case of leg infection in diabetics it is difficult to differentiate between a chronic osteopathy, an infection of the soft tissues and an osteomyelitis (OM). We considered of interest to evaluate by a HMPAO-LS prospective study the diagnosis of osteitis in diabetic legs. Twenty seven diabetic (DID type 1 = 11, DNID type 2 = 16) patients (19 M and 8 F, average age 64 years), clinically suspected with a leg osteo-articular infection (malum perforans or cellulitis, uni- or bi-lateral, unique or multiple lesions) were included in the study. For all of them a standard radiographic examination centered on the legs, a (3 phases) osseous scintigraphy and a HMPAO-LS were achieved over 3 days. The HMPAO-LS was considered as in favour of a OM when there was an abnormal accumulation of granulocytes concordant with a hyper-fixation by osseous scintigraphy. In case of 37 retained lesions 20 OM were proved: - 8 sites, on radiological arguments and histological and/or microbiological criteria after osseous biopsy; - 8, by the radiological examination only; - 4, on biopsy arguments, only. Seventeen lesions were not OM, of which 7 were cellulitis. The sensitivity of the HMPAO-LS was 90% with a specificity of 94%. 8/20 OM had initial normal radiographs confirming the precocity of OM diagnosis by HMPAO-LS. Twelve HMPAO-LS were effected in OM evolutive surveillance. All of them became negative on the control initial site of the healing of OM. In conclusion, the HMPAO-LS appears to be an alternative to choose in the diagnosis and in the evolution surveillance of leg OM in diabetics, particularly when the healing of the perforans softs is incomplete and the question of the osteitis healing or sequel of an anti-biotherapy is posed

  15. 基于LS-SVM的重要用户供用电安全评价分析方法%Electricity Security Evaluation Analysis Method for Important Customers Based on Dynamic LS-SVM

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘明明; 刘连光; 田世明; 徐震

    2016-01-01

    Safe use and supply of important electricity customers for electricity production as well as social security for the enterprise is of great significance. So the research of automatic analysis method for important customers for electrical safety is particularly necessary. This paper analyzes the specific content of the important customers for electrical safety man-agement and the automatic detection of targets established by the survey sample data and expert scoring for electrical safety indicators for assessment and analysis, as well as establishing evaluation index system. The scored sample data were normal-ized using the RBF kernel function after treatment to establish a least squares support vector machine classifier model, and particle swarm algorithm is used to optimize the parameters of LS-SVM. Simulation results show that compared with BP net-work, RBF networks, support vector machines, the proposed multi-classification model can automatically evaluate the secu-rity situation for electricity customers. It has shorter training time, stronger generalization ability and higher accuracy, and have higher practicability and reliability.%重要电力用户的供用电安全对于企业生产以及社会稳定具有重要意义,因此对重要用户供用电安全状况进行预评估来防御风险就显得尤为必要。基于此本文首先对重要用户供用电安全管理的关联指标进行了分析,建立了全面的重要用户供用电安全评价指标体系。针对评估时样本缺乏的问题,本文利用了用户历史运行数据,在对样本数据进行归一化处理后采用RBF核函数建立了最小二乘支持向量机分类器模型,并运用粒子群算法优化了LS-SVM的参数,提升了LS-SVM分类器的准确性。结果表明,与BP网络、RBF网络、支持向量机相比,本文提出的多分类模型能够更准确地评估用户供用电安全状况,而且训练时间短、泛化能力强,具有更高的实用性和可靠性。

  16. Marine Fish Hybridization

    KAUST Repository

    He, Song

    2017-04-01

    Natural hybridization is reproduction (without artificial influence) between two or more species/populations which are distinguishable from each other by heritable characters. Natural hybridizations among marine fishes were highly underappreciated due to limited research effort; it seems that this phenomenon occurs more often than is commonly recognized. As hybridization plays an important role in biodiversity processes in the marine environment, detecting hybridization events and investigating hybridization is important to understand and protect biodiversity. The first chapter sets the framework for this disseration study. The Cohesion Species Concept was selected as the working definition of a species for this study as it can handle marine fish hybridization events. The concept does not require restrictive species boundaries. A general history and background of natural hybridization in marine fishes is reviewed during in chapter as well. Four marine fish hybridization cases were examed and documented in Chapters 2 to 5. In each case study, at least one diagnostic nuclear marker, screened from among ~14 candidate markers, was found to discriminate the putative hybridizing parent species. To further investigate genetic evidence to support the hybrid status for each hybrid offspring in each case, haploweb analysis on diagnostic markers (nuclear and/or mitochondrial) and the DAPC/PCA analysis on microsatellite data were used. By combining the genetic evidences, morphological traits, and ecological observations together, the potential reasons that triggered each hybridization events and the potential genetic/ecology effects could be discussed. In the last chapter, sequences from 82 pairs of hybridizing parents species (for which COI barcoding sequences were available either on GenBank or in our lab) were collected. By comparing the COI fragment p-distance between each hybridizing parent species, some general questions about marine fish hybridization were discussed: Is

  17. Identification and characterization of a novel type of replication terminator with bidirectional activity on the Bacillus subtilis theta plasmid pLS20

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Meijer, WJJ; Smith, M; Wake, RG; deBoer, AL; Venema, G; Bron, S

    1996-01-01

    We have sequenced and analysed a 3.1 kb fragment of the 55 kb endogenous Bacillus subtilis plasmid pLS20 containing its replication functions, Just outside the region required for autonomous replication, a segment of 18 bp was identified as being almost identical to part of the major B. subtilis chr

  18. Calculation of extrapolation curves in the 4π(LS)β-γ coincidence technique with the Monte Carlo code Geant4.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bobin, C; Thiam, C; Bouchard, J

    2016-03-01

    At LNE-LNHB, a liquid scintillation (LS) detection setup designed for Triple to Double Coincidence Ratio (TDCR) measurements is also used in the β-channel of a 4π(LS)β-γ coincidence system. This LS counter based on 3 photomultipliers was first modeled using the Monte Carlo code Geant4 to enable the simulation of optical photons produced by scintillation and Cerenkov effects. This stochastic modeling was especially designed for the calculation of double and triple coincidences between photomultipliers in TDCR measurements. In the present paper, this TDCR-Geant4 model is extended to 4π(LS)β-γ coincidence counting to enable the simulation of the efficiency-extrapolation technique by the addition of a γ-channel. This simulation tool aims at the prediction of systematic biases in activity determination due to eventual non-linearity of efficiency-extrapolation curves. First results are described in the case of the standardization (59)Fe. The variation of the γ-efficiency in the β-channel due to the Cerenkov emission is investigated in the case of the activity measurements of (54)Mn. The problem of the non-linearity between β-efficiencies is featured in the case of the efficiency tracing technique for the activity measurements of (14)C using (60)Co as a tracer.

  19. Development of liquid scintillation based 4πβ(LS)-γ coincidence counting system and demonstration of its performance by standardization of ⁶⁰Co.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kulkarni, D B; Anuradha, R; Joseph, Leena; Tomar, B S

    2013-02-01

    A single-vial, single-PMT 4πβ(LS)-γ coincidence counting system has been developed at the Radiation Safety Systems Division, BARC. It has advantages of simple sample preparation, higher counting efficiency and the absence of self absorption over the conventional proportional counter based 4πβ(PC)-γ coincidence counting system. The performance of the system is demonstrated by standardizing a (60)Co solution using the 4πβ(LS)-γ coincidence counting system, 4πβ(PC)-γ coincidence counting system and CIEMAT/NIST method and comparing the results obtained by each method. The detection efficiency of liquid scintillation counter of the 4πβ(LS)-γ coincidence counting system was varied by color quenching, by chemical quenching and by varying the bias voltage applied to the LSC PMT. For the proportional counter based 4πβ(PC)-γ coincidence counting system the detection efficiency was varied by source self absorption. The activity concentrations obtained using the 4πβ(LS)-γ coincidence counting system, the 4πβ(PC)-γ coincidence counting system and the CIEMAT/NIST method are comparable within the uncertainty limits.

  20. Abrupt two-step and symmetry breaking spin crossover in an iron(III) complex: an exceptionally wide [LS-HS] plateau.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harding, David J; Phonsri, Wasinee; Harding, Phimphaka; Murray, Keith S; Moubaraki, Boujemaa; Jameson, Guy N L

    2015-09-14

    [Fe(qsal-Br)2]NO3·2MeOH is reported which undergoes abrupt two step symmetry breaking spin crossover, T½(1st step) = 136 K and T½(2nd step) = 232 K with a hysteresis of 16 K and 5 K, respectively, and an unprecedented [HS-LS] plateau of 96 K.

  1. Observing with FIFI-LS on SOFIA: time estimates and strategies to use a field imaging spectrometer on an airborne observatory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fischer, Christian; Bryant, Aaron; Beckmann, Siman; Colditz, Sebastian; Fumi, Fabio; Geis, Norbert; Henning, Thomas; Hönle, Rainer; Iserlohe, Christof; Klein, Randolf; Krabbe, Alfred; Looney, Leslie W.; Poglitsch, Albrecht; Raab, Walfried; Rebell, Felix; Trinh, Christopher

    2016-07-01

    Observing on the Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) requires a strategy that takes the specific circumstances of an airborne platform into account. Observations of a source cannot be extended or shortened on the spot due to flight path constraints. Still, no exact prediction of the time on source is available since there are always wind and weather conditions, and sometimes technical issues. Observations have to be planned to maximize the observing efficiency while maintaining full flexibility for changes during the observation. The complex nature of observations with FIFI-LS - such as the interlocking cycles of the mechanical gratings, telescope nodding and dithering - is considered in the observing strategy as well. Since SOFIA Cycle 3 FIFI-LS is available to general investigators. Therefore general investigators must be able to define the necessary parameters simply, without being familiar with the instrument, still resulting in efficient and flexible observations. We describe the observing process with FIFI-LS including the integration time estimate, the mapping and dithering setup and aspects of the scripting for the actual observations performed in flight. We also give an overview of the observing scenarios, which have proven to be useful for FIFI-LS.

  2. 基于改进LS-SVM的异步电机转子故障诊断%Rotor Fault Diagnosis of Asynchronous Motor Based on Improved LS-SVM

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李伟伟; 王莉; 张琳; 冯丹

    2016-01-01

    In order to improve rotor fault diagnosis accuracy of the asynchronous motor,a multi-class classification algorithm based on improved Least Square Support Vector Machine (LS-SVM)is proposed. First the fault character vectors are collected from the signal spectrum that is acquired from the signals of the motor stator current fault by FFT. Then when the feature vectors are used as the inputs of the improved algorithm for fault diagnosis,the improved algorithm confirms the weight of all faults with analytic hierarchy process,determines the order of the fault diagnosis in accordance with the weight and achieves the fault classification in turn on the basis of the former multi-class algorithm. Experimental results show that the improved algorithm saves time and improves the diagnosis accuracy when it is used for fault diagnosis and it has a bright prospect for generalization.%为了提高异步电动机转子故障的诊断精度,给出了一种基于改进最小二乘支持向量机(LS-SVM)的多故障分类算法。首先运用FFT处理电机的定子电流信号得到信号频谱图,从中提取故障特征向量;然后将特征向量送入改进算法进行故障诊断时,在原有多分类算法的基础上引入层次分析法确定故障类别的权重,根据权重值确定故障的诊断顺序,依次进行故障分类。实验表明,改进算法用于故障诊断节省了诊断时间,提高了诊断精度,具有很好的推广前景。

  3. Cellular prion protein contributes to LS 174T colon cancer cell carcinogenesis by increasing invasiveness and resistance against doxorubicin-induced apoptosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chieng, Cornelius Kwang-Lee; Say, Yee-How

    2015-09-01

    As the cellular prion protein (PrP(C)) has been implicated in carcinogenesis, we aimed to investigate the effects of cancer cell-specific PrP(C) overexpression from the invasion, metastasis, and apoptosis aspects, by performing cell motility assays, cell proliferation assays under anchorage-dependent and anchorage-independent conditions, and apoptosis evasion when subjected to multiple anti-cancer drugs. Overexpression of PrP(C) in LS 174T was achieved by stable transfection. PrP(C) overexpression was shown to increase cell proliferation in anchorage-dependent and anchorage-independent manners, as shown by more viable cells in 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay, more colonies formed in soft agar assay and increased resistance to anoikis in poly-2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate-coated surface. PrP(C) overexpression also increased cell motility and invasiveness of LS 174T. Cell adhesion to extracellular matrix using collagen- and fibronectin-coated surfaces revealed increased cell attachment in LS 174T cells overexpressing PrP(C). Analysis of apoptotic and necrotic cells by propidium iodide/annexin V-fluorescein isothiocyanate microscopy and 7-amino-actinomycin D/annexin V-phycoerythrin flow cytometry revealed that PrP(C) overexpression attenuated doxorubicin-induced apoptosis. Human apoptosis antibody array with 35 apoptosis-related proteins revealed that three inhibitor of apoptosis proteins (IAPs)-survivin, X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein (XIAP), and cellular inhibitor of apoptosis protein-1 (cIAP-1)-were upregulated in LS 174T cells overexpressing PrP(C) in doxorubicin-induced apoptosis. In conclusion, the overexpression of PrP(C) could enhance the invasiveness and survival of LS 174T colorectal cancer cells, indicating that PrP(C) plays a role in colorectal cancer biology.

  4. 基于Bancroft算法的多点定位TOA-LS估计%The TOA-LS Estimation for Multilateration Based on Bancroft's Algorithm

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林云松; 孙卓振; 彭良福

    2012-01-01

    The traditional location methods for passive localization are TDOA (Time Difference of Arrival) based due to the unknown TOE (Time Of Emission).Based on Bancroft's algorithm,which was developed for GPS single-point position,the TOA least squares (TOA-LS) estimation algorithm for passive multilateration is proposed. The TOA-LS equations are composed of three linear equations whose coefficients are dependent on the target position and TOE. Using Bancroft's algorithm with some initial values, the TOA-LS algorithm solves the linear equations for new solutions and updates their coefficients. Simulation experiments demonstrate that the TOA-LS algorithm is near optimal and attaining the theoretical lower bound for targets in different geometric positions.%由于目标信号的发射时间未知,无源定位技术大多利用TDOA(到达时间差)进行目标定位.本文将求解GPS单点定位的Bancroft算法应用于TOA(到达时间)多点定位方程的求解,提出了基于Bancroft算法的无源多点定位TOA-LS(最小二乘)估计算法.TOA-LS包含三个线性方程,其加权系数与目标位置和目标信号发射时间相关,采用Bancroft算法给出初始值并求解TOA-LS方程,完成加权系数的迭代更新.仿真结果表明对不同几何位置的目标,TOA-LS估计可获得接近理论方差下界的近似最优的性能.

  5. Observations of ultrafine particle nucleation events in the tropical UT/LS over West Africa and Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borrmann, S.; Curtius, J.; Kunkel, D.; Weigel, R.; Vicani, S.; Schiller, C.; Ulanovski, A.; Ravegnani, F.; Cairo, F.; Law, K. A.

    2009-04-01

    New particle formation by gas to particle conversion in the tropical upper troposphere and lower stratosphere (UT/LS) may be a major source of aerosols for origin and maintenance of the global stratospheric Junge aerosol layer. Once created in the tropical upper troposphere these ultrafine particles can be carried aloft towards the tropopause by the -radiatively driven- slowly rising air, and subsequently enter the Brewer-Dobson circulation for global distribution within the stratosphere. During the TROCCINOX (2005) and AMMA-SCOUT (2006) campaigns in South America (Brazil) and West-Africa (Burkina Faso) the Russian M-55 high altitude research aircraft "Geophysica" performed in-situ measurements of trace gases and aerosols in the tropical UT/LS. By means of the four channel COPAS condensation particle counting system total ultrafine particle number concentrations were measured for ambient aerosol particles with size diameters larger than 6 nm, 10 nm, and 14 nm, respectively. The fourth channel also had a lower "cut-off" diameter of 10 nm, but here the sample air was heated to 250 °C prior to the particle detection. Thus, this channel delivered the number of non volatile particles providing information on the fraction of particles NOT consisting of binary sulfuric acid/water solutions. During both campaigns cloud free air masses were encountered between 12 and 14 km altitude with ultrafine particle concentrations as high as 8000 to 10000 particles per cm³. Based on the difference of the count results from the channels with 6 nm and 14 nm cut-off diameters it can be concluded that the particles were freshly formed in-situ during so called nucleation events. Covering flight path lengths of roughly 300 km over West-Africa and 600 km over Brazil these areas with enhanced particle concentrations are of significant scale. For the data observed over Brazil oxidation of ground released SO2 to H2SO4 while being lifted -possibly supported by ion induced nucleation- is a

  6. Performance Comparion of LS and IMM under T arget T racking%目标跟踪下的 LS 算法和 IMM 算法性能比较*

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡汉文; 李照顺

    2014-01-01

    In order to improve the tracking accuracy of maneuvering target tracking and select appropriate tracking filtering al‐gorithm ,this paper achieves the goal of tracking by the algorithm of Interactive Multiple Model algorithm(IMM) and the algorithm of Least Squares(LS) ,then proves that IMM has more efficient tracking effect ,which is more suitable for target tracking through the comparison of simulation results .%针对机动目标跟踪中如何提高跟踪精度问题,选取合适的跟踪滤波算法,利用两种经典跟踪滤波算法:交互式多模型算法(IMM)和最小二乘法(LS),实现对目标的跟踪。并利用仿真进行了比较,结果证明IMM 具有更加高效的跟踪效果,符合设计需要。

  7. A new direct absorption measurement for high precision and accurate measurement of water vapor in the UT/LS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sargent, M. R.; Sayres, D. S.; Smith, J. B.; Anderson, J.

    2011-12-01

    Highly accurate and precise water vapor measurements in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere are critical to understanding the climate feedbacks of water vapor and clouds in that region. However, the continued disagreement among water vapor measurements (~1 - 2 ppmv) are too large to constrain the role of different hydration and dehydration mechanisms operating in the UT/LS, with model validation dependent upon which dataset is chosen. In response to these issues, we present a new instrument for measurement of water vapor in the UT/LS that was flown during the April 2011 MACPEX mission out of Houston, TX. The dual axis instrument combines the heritage and validated accuracy of the Harvard Lyman-alpha instrument with a newly designed direct IR absorption instrument, the Harvard Herriott Hygrometer (HHH). The Lyman-alpha detection axis has flown aboard NASA's WB-57 and ER2 aircraft since 1994, and provides a requisite link between the new HHH instrument and the long history of Harvard water vapor measurements. The instrument utilizes the highly sensitive Lyman-alpha photo-fragment fluorescence detection method; its accuracy has been demonstrated though rigorous laboratory calibrations and in situ diagnostic procedures. The Harvard Herriott Hygrometer employs a fiber coupled near-IR laser with state-of-the-art electronics to measure water vapor via direct absorption in a spherical Herriott cell of 10 cm length. The instrument demonstrated in-flight precision of 0.1 ppmv (1-sec, 1-sigma) at mixing ratios as low as 5 ppmv with accuracies of 10% based on careful laboratory calibrations and in-flight performance. We present a description of the measurement technique along with our methodology for calibration and details of the measurement uncertainties. The simultaneous utilization of radically different measurement techniques in a single duct in the new Harvard Water Vapor (HWV) instrument allows for the constraint of systematic errors inherent in each technique

  8. Status of Physics and Safety Analyses for the Liquid-Salt-Cooled Very High-Temperature Reactor (LS-VHTR)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ingersoll, DT

    2005-12-15

    A study has been completed to develop a new baseline core design for the liquid-salt-cooled very high-temperature reactor (LS-VHTR) that is better optimized for liquid coolant and that satisfies the top-level operational and safety targets, including strong passive safety performance, acceptable fuel cycle parameters, and favorable core reactivity response to coolant voiding. Three organizations participated in the study: Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Idaho National Laboratory (INL), and Argonne National Laboratory (ANL). Although the intent was to generate a new reference LS-VHTR core design, the emphasis was on performing parametric studies of the many variables that constitute a design. The results of the parametric studies not only provide the basis for choosing the optimum balance of design options, they also provide a valuable understanding of the fundamental behavior of the core, which will be the basis of future design trade-off studies. A new 2400-MW(t) baseline design was established that consists of a cylindrical, nonannular core cooled by liquid {sup 7}Li{sub 2}BeF{sub 4} (Flibe) salt. The inlet and outlet coolant temperatures were decreased by 50 C, and the coolant channel diameter was increased to help lower the maximum fuel and vessel temperatures. An 18-month fuel cycle length with 156 GWD/t burnup was achieved with a two-batch shuffling scheme, while maintaining a core power density of 10 MW/m{sup 3} using graphite-coated uranium oxicarbide particle fuel enriched to 15% {sup 235}U and assuming a 25 vol-% packing of the coated particles in the fuel compacts. The revised design appears to have excellent steady-state and transient performance. The previous concern regarding the core's response to coolant voiding has been resolved for the case of Flibe coolant by increasing the coolant channel diameter and the fuel loading. Also, the LSVHTR has a strong decay heat removal performance and appears capable of surviving a loss of forced

  9. Henkin and Hybrid Logic

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blackburn, Patrick Rowan; Huertas, Antonia; Manzano, Maria;

    2014-01-01

    Leon Henkin was not a modal logician, but there is a branch of modal logic that has been deeply influenced by his work. That branch is hybrid logic, a family of logics that extend orthodox modal logic with special proposition symbols (called nominals) that name worlds. This paper explains why...... Henkin’s techniques are so important in hybrid logic. We do so by proving a completeness result for a hybrid type theory called HTT, probably the strongest hybrid logic that has yet been explored. Our completeness result builds on earlier work with a system called BHTT, or basic hybrid type theory...... is due to the first-order perspective, which lies at the heart of Henin’s best known work and hybrid logic....

  10. BSA Hybrid Synthesized Polymer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zong Bin LIU; Xiao Pei DENG; Chang Sheng ZHAO

    2006-01-01

    Bovine serum albumin (BSA), a naturally occurring biopolymer, was regarded as a polymeric material to graft to an acrylic acid (AA)-N-vinyl pyrrolidone (NVP) copolymer to form a biomacromolecular hybrid polymer. The hybrid polymer can be blended with polyethersulfone (PES) to increase the hydrophilicity of the PES membrane, which suggested that the hybrid polymer might have a wide application in the modification of biomaterials.

  11. Hybrid Action Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ronkko, Mauno; Ravn, Anders P.

    1997-01-01

    a differential action, which allows differential equations as primitive actions. The extension allows us to model hybrid systems with both continuous and discrete behaviour. The main result of this paper is an extension of such a hybrid action system with parallel composition. The extension does not change...... the original meaning of the parallel composition, and therefore also the ordinary action systems can be composed in parallel with the hybrid action systems....

  12. HYBRID VEHICLE CONTROL SYSTEM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. Dvadnenko

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The hybrid vehicle control system includes a start–stop system for an internal combustion engine. The system works in a hybrid mode and normal vehicle operation. To simplify the start–stop system, there were user new possibilities of a hybrid car, which appeared after the conversion. Results of the circuit design of the proposed system of basic blocks are analyzed.

  13. Nanoscale Organic Hybrid Electrolytes

    KAUST Repository

    Nugent, Jennifer L.

    2010-08-20

    Nanoscale organic hybrid electrolytes are composed of organic-inorganic hybrid nanostructures, each with a metal oxide or metallic nanoparticle core densely grafted with an ion-conducting polyethylene glycol corona - doped with lithium salt. These materials form novel solvent-free hybrid electrolytes that are particle-rich, soft glasses at room temperature; yet manifest high ionic conductivity and good electrochemical stability above 5V. © 2010 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  14. Hybrid radiator cooling system

    Science.gov (United States)

    France, David M.; Smith, David S.; Yu, Wenhua; Routbort, Jules L.

    2016-03-15

    A method and hybrid radiator-cooling apparatus for implementing enhanced radiator-cooling are provided. The hybrid radiator-cooling apparatus includes an air-side finned surface for air cooling; an elongated vertically extending surface extending outwardly from the air-side finned surface on a downstream air-side of the hybrid radiator; and a water supply for selectively providing evaporative cooling with water flow by gravity on the elongated vertically extending surface.

  15. Hybrid Unifying Variable Supernetwork Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU; Qiang; FANG; Jin-qing; LI; Yong

    2015-01-01

    In order to compare new phenomenon of topology change,evolution,hybrid ratio and network characteristics of unified hybrid network theoretical model with unified hybrid supernetwork model,this paper constructed unified hybrid variable supernetwork model(HUVSM).The first layer introduces a hybrid ratio dr,the

  16. Large Unifying Hybrid Supernetwork Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU; Qiang; FANG; Jin-qing; LI; Yong

    2015-01-01

    For depicting multi-hybrid process,large unifying hybrid network model(so called LUHNM)has two sub-hybrid ratios except dr.They are deterministic hybrid ratio(so called fd)and random hybrid ratio(so called gr),respectively.

  17. Hybrid Rocket Technology

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Sankaran Venugopal; K K Rajesh; V Ramanujachari

    2011-01-01

    With their unique operational characteristics, hybrid rockets can potentially provide safer, lower-cost avenues for spacecraft and missiles than the current solid propellant and liquid propellant systems...

  18. Hybrid FOSS Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Armstrong researchers are continuing their efforts to further develop FOSS technologies. A hybrid FOSS technique (HyFOSS) employs conventional continuous grating...

  19. 马尾松Ls-rDNA 5'末端序列分析及其系统学意义%Sequencing of the 5' terminal region of Ls-rDNA from Pinus massoniana and the phylogeny of gymnosperm based on that

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    章群; 施苏华; 屈良鹄; 张宏达

    2003-01-01

    马尾松Ls-rDNA 5'末端302个核苷酸序列已被确定,与4种裸子植物和4种被子植物及一种绿藻的同源序列进行比较分析,其所构建的Ls-rDNA系统树图表明:传统分类中的裸子植物与被子植物明显成为单系类群;支持裸子植物的两个单系谱支,即苏铁目-银杏目,买麻藤目-松柏类.Ls-rDNA 5'末端部分序列分析在种子植物高等级分类群系统进化研究中具有重要作用.

  20. “Lines of Mourning”: On the Issue of National and Cultural Self-Determination of L.S. Vygotsky

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sobkin V.S.

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents the full text of a work by L.S. Vygotsky “Lines of Mourning” (1916 along with detailed commentaries. This article was the first of the three published in the Jewish periodical Noviy Put’ that can be considered a triptych dedicated to the issues of national, cultural and religious traditions and their relation with modern times. The text and commentaries provide an insight into personal meanings and attitudes of young Vygotsky in the situation of political and value/normative uncertainty. This enables us to reconstruct the features of social, political, national and ethic self-definition of the scientist and to reveal the grounds and values underlying the cultural-historical approach. Special attention is brought to the dialogic nature of the Jewish and Russian culture. In the commentaries we also focus on the specifics of artistic and reflective position of Vygotsky in relation to pre-revolutionary events that took place at that time: understanding this allows us to comprehend a whole set of social, political, moral, ethic and truly psychological problems that would later on be reflected in his scientific works. Another section of our commentaries is centered on the analysis of the article’s style and composition and its multi-layered structure.

  1. Correlated X-ray and Very High Energy emission in the gamma-ray binary LS I +61 303

    CERN Document Server

    Anderhub, H; Antoranz, P; Backes, M; Baixeras, C; Balestra, S; Barrio, J A; Bastieri, D; González, J Becerra; Becker, J K; Bednarek, W; Berger, K; Bernardini, E; Biland, A; Bigas, O Blanch; Bock, R K; Bonnoli, G; Bordas, P; Tridon, D Borla; Bosch-Ramon, V; Bose, D; Braun, I; Bretz, T; Britzger, D; Camara, M; Carmona, E; Carosi, A; Colin, P; Commichau, S; Contreras, J L; Cortina, J; Costado, M T; Covino, S; Dazzi, F; De Angelis, A; del Pozo, E de Cea; Reyes, R De los; De Lotto, B; De Maria, M; De Sabata, F; Mendez, C Delgado; Domínguez, A; Prester, D Dominis; Dorner, D; Doro, M; Elsaesser, D; Errando, M; Ferenc, D; Fernández, E; Firpo, R; Fonseca, M V; Font, L; Galante, N; López, R J García; Garczarczyk, M; Gaug, M; Godinovic, N; Göbel, F; Hadasch, D; Herrero, A; Hildebrand, D; Höhne-Mönch, D; Hose, J; Hrupec, D; Hsu, C C; Jogler, T; Klepser, S; Kranich, D; La Barbera, A; Laille, A; Leonardo, E; Lindfors, E; Lombardi, S; Longo, F; López, M; Lorenz, E; Majumdar, P; Maneva, G; Mankuzhiyil, N; Mannheim, K; Maraschi, L; Mariotti, M; Martínez, M; Mazin, D; Meucci, M; Miranda, J M; Mirzoyan, R; Miyamoto, H; Moldón, J; Moles, M; Moralejo, A; Nieto, D; Nilsson, K; Ninkovic, J; Orito, R; Oya, I; Paoletti, R; Paredes, J M; Pasanen, M; Pascoli, D; Pauss, F; Pegna, R G; Pérez-Torres, M A; Persic, M; Peruzzo, L; Prada, F; Prandini, E; Puchades, N; Puljak, I; Reichardt, I; Rhode, W; Ribó, M; Rico, J; Rissi, M; Robert, A; Rügamer, S; Saggion, A; Saito, T Y; Salvati, M; Sánchez-Conde, M; Satalecka, K; Scalzotto, V; Scapin, V; Schweizer, T; Shayduk, M; Shore, S N; Sidro, N; Sierpowska-Bartosik, A; Sillanpää, A; Sitarek, J; Sobczynska, D; Spanier, F; Spiro, S; Stamerra, A; Stark, L S; Suric, T; Takalo, L; Tavecchio, F; Temnikov, P; Tescaro, D; Teshima, M; Torres, D F; Turini, N; Vankov, H; Wagner, R M; Zabalza, V; Zandanel, F; Zanin, R; Zapatero, J; Falcone, A; Vetere, L; Gehrels, N; Trushkin, S; Dhawan, V; Reig, P

    2009-01-01

    The discovery of very high energy (VHE) gamma-ray emitting X-ray binaries has triggered an intense effort to better understand the particle acceleration, absorption, and emission mechanisms in compact binary systems, which provide variable conditions along eccentric orbits. Despite this, the nature of some of these systems, and of the accelerated particles producing the VHE emission, is unclear. To answer some of these open questions, we conducted a multiwavelength campaign of the VHE gamma-ray emitting X-ray binary LS I +61 303 including the MAGIC telescope, XMM-Newton, and Swift during 60% of an orbit in 2007 September. We detect a simultaneous outburst at X-ray and VHE bands, with the peak at phase 0.62 and a similar shape at both wavelengths. A linear fit to the simultaneous X-ray/VHE pairs obtained during the outburst yields a correlation coefficient of r=0.97, while a linear fit to all simultaneous pairs provides r=0.81. Since a variable absorption of the VHE emission towards the observer is not expecte...

  2. Regulation of the AEFG1 gene, a mitochondrial elongation factor G from the dimorphic yeast Arxula adeninivorans LS3.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wartmann, T; Gellissen, G; Kunze, G

    2001-10-01

    Oxygen influences the synthesis of mitochondrial proteins by alteration of the expression of mitochondrial genes and several nuclear genes. One of the genes localised in the nucleus is the EFG1 gene that encodes the mitochondrial elongation factor G (MEF-G). This unique gene (AEFG1) has been isolated from the non-conventional dimorphic yeast, Arxula adeninivorans LS3. The AEFG1 gene comprises a ORF of 2,274 bp, which corresponds to 757 amino acids. In the present study, the regulation of AEFG1 has been analysed for different morphological stages of A. adeninivorans and various culture conditions. It was demonstrated that the transfer of aerobically growing cultures to anaerobic conditions resulted in an accumulation of AEFG1 transcript, correlating with an increase in AMEF-G protein concentration. Since this regulation occurred in budding-cell culture growing at 30 degrees C and in both of the mycelial cultures grown at 45 degrees C and 30 degrees C, respectively, it was the oxygen level (but not the cultivation temperature or the morphological stage) which influenced the AEFG1 regulation.

  3. Long-term X-ray monitoring of LS I +61 303: analysis of spectral variability and flares

    CERN Document Server

    Li, Jian; Zhang, Shu; Chen, Yupeng; Hadasch, Daniela; Ray, Paul S; Kretschmar, Peter; Rea, Nanda; Wang, Jianmin

    2011-01-01

    We report on the full analysis of a Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer (RXTE) Proportional Counter Array (PCA) monitoring of the {\\gamma}-ray binary system LS I +61 303. The data set covers 42 contiguous cycles of the system orbital motion. Analyzing this X-ray monitoring dataset, the largest to date for this source, we report on the variability of the orbital profile and the spectral distribution, and provide strong evidence for an anti-correlation between flux and spectral index (the higher the flux, the harder the spectral index). Furthermore, we present the analysis of two newly discovered ks-timescale flares, which present significant variability also on shorter timescales, and tend to occur at orbital phases between 0.6-0.9. However, a detailed timing analysis of the flares does not show any coherent or quasi-coherent (QPO) structure in their power spectra. We also investigated the possible appearance of the radio super-orbital modulation at X-rays energies, but we could not unambiguously detect such modulatio...

  4. GAMMA-RAY SIGNAL FROM THE PULSAR WIND IN THE BINARY PULSAR SYSTEM PSR B1259-63/LS 2883

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Khangulyan, Dmitry [Institute of Space and Astronautical Science/JAXA, 3-1-1 Yoshinodai, Chuo-ku, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 252-5210 (Japan); Aharonian, Felix A. [Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies, 31 Fitzwilliam Place, Dublin 2 (Ireland); Bogovalov, Sergey V. [National Research Nuclear University-MEPHI, Kashirskoe Shosse 31, Moscow 115409 (Russian Federation); Ribo, Marc, E-mail: khangul@astro.isas.jaxa.jp, E-mail: felix.aharonian@dias.ie, E-mail: svbogovalov@mephi.ru, E-mail: mribo@am.ub.es [Departament d' Astronomia i Meteorologia, Institut de Ciences del Cosmos (ICC), Universitat de Barcelona (IEEC-UB), Marti i Franques 1, E-08028 Barcelona (Spain)

    2011-12-01

    Binary pulsar systems emit potentially detectable components of gamma-ray emission due to Comptonization of the optical radiation of the companion star by relativistic electrons of the pulsar wind, both before and after termination of the wind. The recent optical observations of binary pulsar system PSR B1259-63/LS 2883 revealed radiation properties of the companion star which differ significantly from previous measurements. In this paper, we study the implications of these observations for the interaction rate of the unshocked pulsar wind with the stellar photons and the related consequences for fluxes of high energy and very high energy (VHE) gamma rays. We show that the signal should be strong enough to be detected with Fermi close to the periastron passage, unless the pulsar wind is strongly anisotropic or the Lorentz factor of the wind is smaller than 10{sup 3} or larger than 10{sup 5}. The higher luminosity of the optical star also has two important implications: (1) attenuation of gamma rays due to photon-photon pair production and (2) Compton drag of the unshocked wind. While the first effect has an impact on the light curve of VHE gamma rays, the second effect may significantly decrease the energy available for particle acceleration after termination of the wind.

  5. Kristus tēls radža-jogas mācībā

    OpenAIRE

    Matisone, Jekaterina

    2009-01-01

    Darba nosaukums ir “Jēzus Kristus tēls radža-jogas mācībā”. Šīs zinātniskais pētījums ir veltīts Jēzus tēla izprašanai mūsdienu radža-jogas kontekstā. Darba tēze ir: mūsdienu radža-jogas Jēzus Kristus tēlu izveidoja neo-hinduistiskie uzskati un eklektiskā jogas mācība. Darba mērķis ir parādīt Kristus tēlu no citas reliģiskās disciplīnas skatupunkta. Darba pirmā nodaļā ir parādīts kā veidojas mūsdienu jogas mācība, tās maiņa un pārveidošanās laika gaitā, ka arī tās daudzplānu sarežģ...

  6. 凌志 LS400轿车车辆稳定性控制系统的检修

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李春明

    2004-01-01

    @@ 丰田凌志LS400轿车装备了VSC系统.VSC是英文Vehicle Stability Control的缩写,中文译成"车辆稳定性控制系统".VSC系统的作用是在汽车高速转弯将要出现失控时,可有效地增加汽车的稳定性,以减少事故的发生.该系统通过对从各传感器传来的车辆行驶状态信息进行分析,向制动防抱死系统(ABS)、牵引力控制系统(TRC)发出纠偏指令,帮助车辆维持动态平衡.VSC系统可以使车辆在各种状况下保持最佳的稳定性,在过度转向或不足转向的情形下作用更为明显.

  7. Fermi LAT Observations of LS I +61 303: First Detection of an Orbital Modulation in GeV Gamma Rays

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Abdo, A.A.; /Federal City Coll. /Naval Research Lab, Wash., D.C.; Ackermann, M.; /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Ajello, M.; /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Atwood, W.B.; /UC, Santa Cruz; Axelsson, M.; /Stockholm U., OKC /Stockholm U.; Baldini, L.; /INFN, Pisa; Ballet, J.; /DAPNIA, Saclay; Barbiellini, G.; /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U.; Bastieri, D.; /INFN, Padua /Padua U.; Baughman, B.M.; /Ohio State U.; Bechtol, K.; /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Bellazzini, R.; /INFN, Pisa; Berenji, B.; /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Blandford, R.; /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Bloom, E.D.; /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Bonamente, E.; /INFN, Perugia /Perugia U.; Borgland, A.W.; /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Bregeon, J.; /INFN, Pisa; Brez, A.; /INFN, Pisa; Brigida, M.; /Bari U. /INFN, Bari; Bruel, P.; /Ecole Polytechnique /Washington U., Seattle /Bari U. /INFN, Bari /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /IASF, Milan /Milan Polytechnic /DAPNIA, Saclay /ASDC, Frascati /INFN, Perugia /Perugia U. /NASA, Goddard /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /DAPNIA, Saclay /Naval Research Lab, Wash., D.C. /George Mason U. /NASA, Goddard /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /INFN, Perugia /Perugia U. /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /Montpellier U. /Sonoma State U. /Stockholm U., OKC /Royal Inst. Tech., Stockholm /Stockholm U. /DAPNIA, Saclay /NASA, Goddard /CSST, Baltimore /ASDC, Frascati /Naval Research Lab, Wash., D.C. /INFN, Trieste /Pavia U. /Bari U. /INFN, Bari /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /UC, Santa Cruz /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /SLAC /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /Grenoble, CEN; /more authors..

    2012-04-02

    This Letter presents the first results from the observations of LS I +61{sup o}303 using Large Area Telescope data from the Fermi Gamma-Ray Space Telescope between 2008 August and 2009 March. Our results indicate variability that is consistent with the binary period, with the emission being modulated at 26.6 {+-} 0.5 days. This constitutes the first detection of orbital periodicity in high-energy gamma rays (20 MeV-100 GeV, HE). The light curve is characterized by a broad peak after periastron, as well as a smaller peak just before apastron. The spectrum is best represented by a power law with an exponential cutoff, yielding an overall flux above 100 MeV of 0.82 {+-} 0.03(stat) {+-} 0.07(syst) 10{sup -6} ph cm{sup -2} s{sup -1}, with a cutoff at 6.3 {+-} 1.1(stat) {+-} 0.4(syst) GeV and photon index {Gamma} = 2.21 {+-} 0.04(stat) {+-} 0.06(syst). There is no significant spectral change with orbital phase. The phase of maximum emission, close to periastron, hints at inverse Compton scattering as the main radiation mechanism. However, previous very high-energy gamma ray (>100 GeV, VHE) observations by MAGIC and VERITAS show peak emission close to apastron. This and the energy cutoff seen with Fermi suggest that the link between HE and VHE gamma rays is nontrivial.

  8. LS-SVM Based AGC of an Asynchronous Power System with Dynamic Participation from DFIG Based Wind Turbines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gulshan Sharma

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Modern power systems are large and interconnected with growing trends to integrate wind energy to the power system and meet the ever rising energy demand in an economical manner. The penetration of wind energy has motivated power engineers and researchers to investigate the dynamic participation of Doubly Fed Induction Generators (DFIG based wind turbines in Automatic Generation Control (AGC services. However, with dynamic participation of DFIG, the AGC problem becomes more complex and under these conditions classical AGC are not suitable. Therefore, a new non-linear Least Squares Support Vector Machines (LS-SVM based regulator for solution of AGC problem is proposed in this study. The proposed AGC regulator is trained for a wide range of operating conditions and load changes using an off-line data set generated from the robust control technique. A two-area power system connected via parallel AC/DC tie-lines with DFIG based wind turbines in each area is considered to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed AGC regulator and compared with results obtained using Multi-Layer Perceptron (MLP neural networks and conventional PI regulators under various operating conditions and load changes.

  9. Local coupling (LoCo) vs. large-scale coupled (LsCo) land-atmosphere interactions in idealized experiments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gentine, P.; Lintner, B. R.; Findell, K. L.; Rochetin, N.; Sobel, A. H.; Anber, U. M.

    2014-12-01

    We will present two idealized epxeriments/methodologies to investigate local (LoCo) and large-scale (LsCo) coupling between the surface and the atmsophere: the contiental Radiative-Convective Equilibrium (RCE) and the continental Weak Temperature Gradient (WTG). The RCE defines an equilibrium state of coupling between the surafce and the atmosphere isolated from any large-scale dependence, which were investigated within the single column model of the Laboratoire de Meteorologie Dynamique (LMD) coupled to a simple bucket land model. This studies emphasizes the role of low-level cloud and the diurnal cylce of the boundary layer on the final state of the system. In the WTG we investigate the coupling between the surface and the atmosphere during the dry and wet season of the Amazon with the WRF model coupled to the NOAH land-surface model. Large-scale coupling is obtained with the WTG. The dry and wet season demonstrate very fundamental behavior: in the dry season deep convection is generated by radiative cooling in the higher troposhere and is disconnected from the surface. In the wet season the coupling between the surface and the atmosphere is much tighter. We suggest that the WTG is a powerful tool to investigate the coupling between the surface and the atmosphere, which solves two major issues: the limited resolution of convection in GCMs and the lack of large-scale coupling in CRM. Later investigation will look at the effect of deforestation, water table and distance from the ocean.

  10. A New Analogue of Echinomycin and a New Cyclic Dipeptide from a Marine-Derived Streptomyces sp. LS298

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xin Zhen

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Quinomycin G (1, a new analogue of echinomycin, together with a new cyclic dipeptide, cyclo-(l-Pro-4-OH-l-Leu (2, as well as three known antibiotic compounds tirandamycin A (3, tirandamycin B (4 and staurosporine (5, were isolated from Streptomyces sp. LS298 obtained from a marine sponge Gelliodes carnosa. The planar and absolute configurations of compounds 1 and 2 were established by MS, NMR spectral data analysis and Marfey’s method. Furthermore, the differences in NMR data of keto-enol tautomers in tirandamycins were discussed for the first time. Antibacterial and anti-tumor activities of compound 1 were measured against 15 drug-sensitive/resistant strains and 12 tumor cell lines. Compound 1 exhibited moderate antibacterial activities against Staphylococcuse pidermidis, S. aureus, Enterococcus faecium, and E. faecalis with the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC values ranged from 16 to 64 μg/mL. Moreover, it displayed remarkable anti-tumor activities; the highest activity was observed against the Jurkat cell line (human T-cell leukemia with an IC50 value of 0.414 μM.

  11. Explicit-Explicit Sequence Calculation Method for the Wheel/rail Rolling Contact Problem Based on ANSYS/LS-DYNA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Song Hua

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The wheel/rail rolling contact can not only lead to rail fatigue damage but also bring rail corrugation. According to the wheel/rail rolling contact problem, based on the ANSYS/LS-DYNA explicit analysis software, this paper established the finite element model of wheel/rail rolling contact in non-linear steady-state curve negotiation, and proposed the explicit-explicit sequence calculation method that can be used to solve this model. The explicit-explicit sequence calculation method uses explicit solver in calculating the rail pre-stressing force and the process of wheel/rail rolling contact. Compared with the implicit-explicit sequence calculation method that has been widely applied, the explicit-explicit sequence calculation method including similar precision in calculation with faster speed and higher efficiency, make it more applicable to solve the wheel/rail rolling contact problem of non-linear steady-state curving with a large solving model or a high non-linear degree.

  12. Temporal features of LS I +61$^{\\circ}$303 in hard X-rays from the Swift/BAT survey data

    CERN Document Server

    D'Aì, A; La Parola, V; Segreto, A; Mineo, T

    2016-01-01

    We study the long-term spectral and timing behaviour of LS I +61$^{\\circ}$303 in hard X-rays (15--150 keV) using $\\sim$10 years of survey data from the $Swift$ Burst Alert Telescope (BAT) monitor. We focus on the detection of long periodicities known to be present in this source in multiple wavelengths. We clearly detect three periods: the shorter one at 26.48 days is compatible with the orbital period of the system; the second, longer, periodicity at 26.93 days, is detected for the first time in X-rays and its value is consistent with an analogous temporal feature recently detected in the radio and in the gamma-ray waveband, and we associate it with a modulation caused by a precessing jet in this system. Finally, we find also evidence of the long-term periodicity at $\\sim$1667 d, that results compatible with a beat frequency of the two close, and shorter, periodicities. We discuss our results in the context of the multi-band behaviour of the physical processes of this source.

  13. Physical parameters of the O6.5V+B1V eclipsing binary system LS 1135

    CERN Document Server

    Lajus, E F

    2006-01-01

    ASAS photometric observations of LS 1135, an O-type SB1 binary system with an orbital period of 2.7 days, show that the system is also eclipsing. This prompted us to re-examine the spectra used in the previously published spectroscopic orbit. Our new analysis of the spectra obtained near quadratures, reveal the presence of faint lines of the secondary component. We present for the first time a double-lined radial velocity orbit and values of physical parameters of this binary system. These values were obtained by analyzing ASAS photometry jointly with the radial velocities of both components performing a numerical model of this binary based on the Wilson-Devinney method. We obtained an orbital inclination i ~ 68.5 deg. With this value of the inclination we deduced masses M1 ~ 30 +/- 1 Mo and M2 ~ 9 +/- 1 Mo; and radii R1 ~ 12 +/- 1 Ro and R2 ~ 5 +/- 1 Ro for primary and secondary components, respectively. Both components are well inside their respective Roche lobes. Fixing the Teff of the primary to the value...

  14. PLS-LS-SVM based modeling of ATR-IR as a robust method in detection and qualification of alprazolam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parhizkar, Elahehnaz; Ghazali, Mohammad; Ahmadi, Fatemeh; Sakhteman, Amirhossein

    2017-02-01

    According to the United States pharmacopeia (USP), Gold standard technique for Alprazolam determination in dosage forms is HPLC, an expensive and time-consuming method that is not easy to approach. In this study chemometrics assisted ATR-IR was introduced as an alternative method that produce similar results in fewer time and energy consumed manner. Fifty-eight samples containing different concentrations of commercial alprazolam were evaluated by HPLC and ATR-IR method. A preprocessing approach was applied to convert raw data obtained from ATR-IR spectra to normal matrix. Finally, a relationship between alprazolam concentrations achieved by HPLC and ATR-IR data was established using PLS-LS-SVM (partial least squares least squares support vector machines). Consequently, validity of the method was verified to yield a model with low error values (root mean square error of cross validation equal to 0.98). The model was able to predict about 99% of the samples according to R2 of prediction set. Response permutation test was also applied to affirm that the model was not assessed by chance correlations. At conclusion, ATR-IR can be a reliable method in manufacturing process in detection and qualification of alprazolam content.

  15. Numerical Simulation of Projectile Impact on Mild Steel ArmourPlates using LS-DYNA: Part I: Validation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Deb

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available The paper describes  the simulation of impact of jacketed projectiles on steel armour plates usingexplicit finite element analysis as implemented in LS-DYNA. Validation of numerical modelling includesa comprehensive mesh convergence study leading to insights not previously reported in literature,using shell, solid, and axisymmetric elements for representing target plates. It is shown for a numberof cases that with a proper choice of contact algorithm, element size, and strain rate-dependent materialproperties, computed projectile residual velocities can match closely with corresponding test-basedvalues. The modelling requirements are arrived at by correlating against published test residual velocities1for variants of mild steel plates (designated as MS1, MS2 and MS3 of different thicknesses at impactvelocities in the range of ~820-870 m/s. Using the validated numerical procedure, a number of parametricstudies such as the effect of projectile shape and geometric aspect ratios as well as plate thickness onresidual velocity have been carried out and presented in Part II of the current paper.

  16. PLS-LS-SVM based modeling of ATR-IR as a robust method in detection and qualification of alprazolam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parhizkar, Elahehnaz; Ghazali, Mohammad; Ahmadi, Fatemeh; Sakhteman, Amirhossein

    2017-02-15

    According to the United States pharmacopeia (USP), Gold standard technique for Alprazolam determination in dosage forms is HPLC, an expensive and time-consuming method that is not easy to approach. In this study chemometrics assisted ATR-IR was introduced as an alternative method that produce similar results in fewer time and energy consumed manner. Fifty-eight samples containing different concentrations of commercial alprazolam were evaluated by HPLC and ATR-IR method. A preprocessing approach was applied to convert raw data obtained from ATR-IR spectra to normal matrix. Finally, a relationship between alprazolam concentrations achieved by HPLC and ATR-IR data was established using PLS-LS-SVM (partial least squares least squares support vector machines). Consequently, validity of the method was verified to yield a model with low error values (root mean square error of cross validation equal to 0.98). The model was able to predict about 99% of the samples according to R(2) of prediction set. Response permutation test was also applied to affirm that the model was not assessed by chance correlations. At conclusion, ATR-IR can be a reliable method in manufacturing process in detection and qualification of alprazolam content. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  17. LS Peg A Low-Inclination SW Sextantis-Type Cataclysmic Binary with High-Velocity Balmer Emission Line Wings

    CERN Document Server

    Taylor, C J; Patterson, J

    1998-01-01

    We present time-resolved spectroscopy and photometry of the bright cataclysmic variable LS Peg (= S193). The Balmer lines exhibit broad, asymmetric wings Doppler-shifted by about 2000 km/s at the edges, while the HeI lines show phase-dependent absorption features strikingly similar to SW Sextantis stars, as well as emission through most of the phase. The CIII/NIII emission blend does not show any phase dependence. From velocities of Halpha emission lines, we determine an orbital period of 0.174774 +/- 0.000003 d (= 4.1946 h), which agrees with Szkody's (1995) value of approximately 4.2 hours. No stable photometric signal was found at the orbital period. A non-coherent quasi-periodic photometric signal was seen at a period of 20.7 +/- 0.3 min. The high-velocity Balmer wings most probably arise from a stream re-impact point close to the white dwarf. We present simulated spectra based on a kinematic model similar to the modified disk-overflow scenario of Hellier & Robinson (1994). The models reproduce the br...

  18. From hybrid swarms to swarms of hybrids

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stohlgren, Thomas J.; Szalanski, Allen L; Gaskin, John F.; Young, Nicholas E.; West, Amanda; Jarnevich, Catherine S.; Tripodi, Amber

    2015-01-01

    Science has shown that the introgression or hybridization of modern humans (Homo sapiens) with Neanderthals up to 40,000 YBP may have led to the swarm of modern humans on earth. However, there is little doubt that modern trade and transportation in support of the humans has continued to introduce additional species, genotypes, and hybrids to every country on the globe. We assessed the utility of species distributions modeling of genotypes to assess the risk of current and future invaders. We evaluated 93 locations of the genus Tamarix for which genetic data were available. Maxent models of habitat suitability showed that the hybrid, T. ramosissima x T. chinensis, was slightly greater than the parent taxa (AUCs > 0.83). General linear models of Africanized honey bees, a hybrid cross of Tanzanian Apis mellifera scutellata and a variety of European honey bee including A. m. ligustica, showed that the Africanized bees (AUC = 0.81) may be displacing European honey bees (AUC > 0.76) over large areas of the southwestern U.S. More important, Maxent modeling of sub-populations (A1 and A26 mitotypes based on mDNA) could be accurately modeled (AUC > 0.9), and they responded differently to environmental drivers. This suggests that rapid evolutionary change may be underway in the Africanized bees, allowing the bees to spread into new areas and extending their total range. Protecting native species and ecosystems may benefit from risk maps of harmful invasive species, hybrids, and genotypes.

  19. 基于迭代LS-SVM生物氧化提金预处理工艺参数优化算法的研究%Study on Optimization Algorithm of Process Parameters for Gold Extraction Pretreatment Based on Iterative LS-SVM

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高丙朋; 南新元; 魏霞

    2012-01-01

    支持向量机(SVM)是一种新的具有优越特性的机器学习算法、最小二乘法支持向量机(LS-SVM)是SVM的一种改进算法,但是直接利用常规的LS-SVM对生物氧化提金预处理工艺参数优化存在着一些问题.通过引入迭代算法和LS-SVM对生物氧化提金预处理工艺参数离线数据进行参数预测相结合完成工艺参数的优化,此方法计算量相对较小,易于掌握,为企业生产提供了一个相对可靠的理论支持.%The support vector machine(SVM) is a new machine learning algorithm with superior features, and the least squares SVM( LS - SVM) is an improved algorithm of SVM, but the direct use of conventional LS - SVM for optimization of bio - oxidation pretreatment process parameters of gold extraction has some problems. The present paper introduces an iterative algorithm and LS - SVM combined with offline data prediction for optimization of process parameters of bio - oxidation pretreatment of gold extraction. The calculation amount of this method is relatively less and it is easy to handle. It provides a relatively reliable theoretical support to enterprise production.

  20. The large-scale blast score ratio (LS-BSR pipeline: a method to rapidly compare genetic content between bacterial genomes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jason W. Sahl

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Background. As whole genome sequence data from bacterial isolates becomes cheaper to generate, computational methods are needed to correlate sequence data with biological observations. Here we present the large-scale BLAST score ratio (LS-BSR pipeline, which rapidly compares the genetic content of hundreds to thousands of bacterial genomes, and returns a matrix that describes the relatedness of all coding sequences (CDSs in all genomes surveyed. This matrix can be easily parsed in order to identify genetic relationships between bacterial genomes. Although pipelines have been published that group peptides by sequence similarity, no other software performs the rapid, large-scale, full-genome comparative analyses carried out by LS-BSR.Results. To demonstrate the utility of the method, the LS-BSR pipeline was tested on 96 Escherichia coli and Shigella genomes; the pipeline ran in 163 min using 16 processors, which is a greater than 7-fold speedup compared to using a single processor. The BSR values for each CDS, which indicate a relative level of relatedness, were then mapped to each genome on an independent core genome single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP based phylogeny. Comparisons were then used to identify clade specific CDS markers and validate the LS-BSR pipeline based on molecular markers that delineate between classical E. coli pathogenic variant (pathovar designations. Scalability tests demonstrated that the LS-BSR pipeline can process 1,000 E. coli genomes in 27–57 h, depending upon the alignment method, using 16 processors.Conclusions. LS-BSR is an open-source, parallel implementation of the BSR algorithm, enabling rapid comparison of the genetic content of large numbers of genomes. The results of the pipeline can be used to identify specific markers between user-defined phylogenetic groups, and to identify the loss and/or acquisition of genetic information between bacterial isolates. Taxa-specific genetic markers can then be translated

  1. Quantitative 'Omics Analyses of Medium Chain Length Polyhydroxyalkanaote Metabolism in Pseudomonas putida LS46 Cultured with Waste Glycerol and Waste Fatty Acids.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jilagamazhi Fu

    Full Text Available Transcriptomes and proteomes of Pseudomonas putida LS46 cultured with biodiesel-derived waste glycerol or waste free fatty acids, as sole carbon sources, were compared under conditions that were either permissive or non-permissive for synthesis of medium chain length polyhydroxyalkanoates (mcl-PHA. The objectives of this study were to elucidate mechanisms that influence activation of biopolymer synthesis, intra-cellular accumulation, and monomer composition, and determine if these were physiologically specific to the carbon sources used for growth of P. putida LS46. Active mcl-PHA synthesis by P. putida LS46 was associated with high expression levels of key mcl-PHA biosynthesis genes and/or gene products including monomer-supplying proteins, PHA synthases, and granule-associated proteins. 'Omics data suggested that expression of these genes were regulated by different genetic mechanisms in P. putida LS46 cells in different physiological states, when cultured on the two waste carbon sources. Optimal polymer production by P. putida LS46 was primarily limited by less efficient glycerol metabolism during mcl-PHA synthesis on waste glycerol. Mapping the 'Omics data to the mcl-PHA biosynthetic pathway revealed significant variations in gene expression, primarily involved in: 1 glycerol transportation; 2 enzymatic reactions that recycle reducing equivalents and produce key mcl-PHA biosynthesis pathway intermediates (e.g. NADH/NADPH, acetyl-CoA. Active synthesis of mcl-PHAs was observed during exponential phase in cultures with waste free fatty acids, and was associated with the fatty acid beta-oxidation pathway. A putative Thioesterase in the beta-oxidation pathway that may regulate the level of fatty acid beta-oxidation intermediates, and thus carbon flux to mcl-PHA biosynthesis, was highly up-regulated. Finally, the data suggested that differences in expression of selected fatty acid metabolism and mcl-PHA monomer-supplying enzymes may play a role in

  2. Energy-saving analysis of hydraulic hybrid excavator based on common pressure rail.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, Wei; Jiang, Jihai; Su, Xiaoyu; Karimi, Hamid Reza

    2013-01-01

    Energy-saving research of excavators is becoming one hot topic due to the increasing energy crisis and environmental deterioration recently. Hydraulic hybrid excavator based on common pressure rail (HHEC) provides an alternative with electric hybrid excavator because it has high power density and environment friendly and easy to modify based on the existing manufacture process. This paper is focused on the fuel consumption of HHEC and the actuator dynamic response to assure that the new system can save energy without sacrificing performance. Firstly, we introduce the basic principle of HHEC; then, the sizing process is presented; furthermore, the modeling period which combined mathematical analysis and experiment identification is listed. Finally, simulation results show that HHEC has a fast dynamic response which can be accepted in engineering and the fuel consumption can be reduced 21% to compare the original LS excavator and even 32% after adopting another smaller engine.

  3. 基于ANSYS/LS-DYNA的螺旋刀辊土壤切削有限元模拟%Finite element simulation of soil cutting with rotary knife roller based on ANSYS/LS-DYNAsoftware

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏俊芳; 贺小伟; 余水生; 周勇

    2013-01-01

      为揭示秸秆还田耕整机的螺旋刀辊与土壤之间的关系特性,根据螺旋刀辊切削土壤的工作特点,利用ANSYS/LS-DYNA971软件对螺旋刀辊土壤切削过程进行模拟,得出了螺旋刀辊切削土壤的功率消耗、切削阻力的大小以及土壤等效应力的变化规律。模拟结果表明,螺旋刀辊转速为300 r/min,机组行进速度为1.1 m/s 时,单组螺旋刀辊切削土壤的最大功耗为6.4 kW,最大切削阻力为2820.7 N,且土壤最大等效应力发生在横刀刚入土时的内侧面,所得功耗值与经验推导值相符。研究结果为双轴型水田高茬秸秆还田耕整机的系统参数优化设计提供参考。%The straw returning and tillage machine with double roller for high stubble in paddy field had several advantages, such as wide working range, crushing earth evenly, good coverage rate, high working efficiency and so on. The rotary knife roller was the main working part of the machine. The interactions between rotary knife roller and soil included shear, friction and extrusion of knife roller for soil, deformation and failure of the soil and so on. In order to study the interaction characteristics, the soil cutting process of the rotary knife roller was analyzed by Finite Element Method (FEM) software ANSYS/LS-DYNA971 according to the operating feature of the rotary knife roller. The power consumption and cutting resistance of the rotary knife roller were measured by simulation, and the variation rules of equivalent stress of the soil was revealed during the soil cutting process of the rotary knife roller. The maximum values of power consumption and cutting resistance were obtained when the rotational speed was 300r/min and the forward speed was 1.1 m/s, and the values were 6.4 kW and 2820.7 N respectively. The value of power consumption acquired by simulation were accorded with derived value by empiric formulas, which showed that the proposed modeling method was

  4. 地震分析中的人工边界及其在LS-DYNA中的实现%ARTIFICIAL BOUNDARY FOR SEISMIC ANALYSIS AND ITS APPLICATIONS IN LS-DYNA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈万祥; 郭志昆; 袁正如; 蔡文莉

    2009-01-01

    地震分析中的局部人工边界由于具有易于实现、稳定性较好的特点,目前在时域有限元法中得到广泛应用.基于球坐标系的膨胀波(P波)和剪切波(S波)理论,引入无限介质线弹性本构关系,并采用多个平面子波和远场散射波混合透射,推导一种新的三维黏弹性人工边界方程.在有限元分析中采用边界单元作等效处理,并将地震加速度记录转化为基底边界单元上的等效节点力进行输入,建立一种新的地震反应数值模拟技术.最后以人防工程结构的地震分析为例,利用有限元软件LS-DYNA分析弹性边界、透射边界及黏弹性边界对计算结果的影响.数值模拟表明,黏弹性人工边界简单实用,可解决地震动输入和自由场响应模拟问题,能更好地模拟人工边界外半无限介质的弹性恢复性能和能量辐射作用,并验证其有效性.%Local artificial boundary of seismic analysis is widely used in time-domain finite element method for its good feasibility and high numerical stability. A new equation for three-dimensional viscoelastic artificial boundary based on the theories of expansion wave(P-wave) motion and shear wave(S-wave) motion in spherical coordinate system is presented by introducing the constitutive relation of linear elastic infinite media and mixing the planar waves and the far-field scattered waves. A new numerical simulation technology for seismic responses is developed by introducing the equivalent boundary element into the finite element method and translating the seismic acceleration into the equivalent nodal force of boundary element on the bottom of the model. Finally,as a numerical example of seismic analysis for civil defense structure,the influences of elastic,transmission,viscoelastic boundary on the results are conducted by LS-DYNA. It is indicated that the viscoelastic artificial boundary is simple and can be easily used. The problems of seismic input and simulation of

  5. Cardiac hybrid imaging

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gaemperli, Oliver [University Hospital Zurich, Cardiac Imaging, Zurich (Switzerland); University Hospital Zurich, Nuclear Cardiology, Cardiovascular Center, Zurich (Switzerland); Kaufmann, Philipp A. [University Hospital Zurich, Cardiac Imaging, Zurich (Switzerland); Alkadhi, Hatem [University Hospital Zurich, Institute of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Zurich (Switzerland)

    2014-05-15

    Hybrid cardiac single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT)/CT imaging allows combined assessment of anatomical and functional aspects of cardiac disease. In coronary artery disease (CAD), hybrid SPECT/CT imaging allows detection of coronary artery stenosis and myocardial perfusion abnormalities. The clinical value of hybrid imaging has been documented in several subsets of patients. In selected groups of patients, hybrid imaging improves the diagnostic accuracy to detect CAD compared to the single imaging techniques. Additionally, this approach facilitates functional interrogation of coronary stenoses and guidance with regard to revascularization procedures. Moreover, the anatomical information obtained from CT coronary angiography or coronary artery calcium scores (CACS) adds prognostic information over perfusion data from SPECT. The use of cardiac hybrid imaging has been favoured by the dissemination of dedicated hybrid systems and the release of dedicated image fusion software, which allow simple patient throughput for hybrid SPECT/CT studies. Further technological improvements such as more efficient detector technology to allow for low-radiation protocols, ultra-fast image acquisition and improved low-noise image reconstruction algorithms will be instrumental to further promote hybrid SPECT/CT in research and clinical practice. (orig.)

  6. Hybrid intelligent engineering systems

    CERN Document Server

    Jain, L C; Adelaide, Australia University of

    1997-01-01

    This book on hybrid intelligent engineering systems is unique, in the sense that it presents the integration of expert systems, neural networks, fuzzy systems, genetic algorithms, and chaos engineering. It shows that these new techniques enhance the capabilities of one another. A number of hybrid systems for solving engineering problems are presented.

  7. A Hybrid Imagination

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jamison, Andrew; Christensen, Steen Hyldgaard; Botin, Lars

    contexts, or sites, for mixing scientific knowledge and technical skills from different fields and social domains into new combinations, thus fostering what the authors term a “hybrid imagination”. Such a hybrid imagination is especially important today, as a way to counter the competitive and commercial...

  8. Hybrid trajectory spaces

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Collins, P.J.

    2005-01-01

    In this paper, we present a general framework for describing and studying hybrid systems. We represent the trajectories of the system as functions on a hybrid time domain, and the system itself by its trajectory space, which is the set of all possible trajectories. The trajectory space is given a na

  9. Editorial: Hybrid Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olderog, Ernst-Rüdiger; Ravn, Anders Peter

    2007-01-01

    An introduction to three papers in a special issue on Hybrid Systems. These paper were first presented at an IFIP WG 2.2 meeting in Skagen 2005.......An introduction to three papers in a special issue on Hybrid Systems. These paper were first presented at an IFIP WG 2.2 meeting in Skagen 2005....

  10. Daily air quality index forecasting with hybrid models: A case in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Suling; Lian, Xiuyuan; Liu, Haixia; Hu, Jianming; Wang, Yuanyuan; Che, Jinxing

    2017-09-19

    Air quality is closely related to quality of life. Air pollution forecasting plays a vital role in air pollution warnings and controlling. However, it is difficult to attain accurate forecasts for air pollution indexes because the original data are non-stationary and chaotic. The existing forecasting methods, such as multiple linear models, autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) and support vector regression (SVR), cannot fully capture the information from series of pollution indexes. Therefore, new effective techniques need to be proposed to forecast air pollution indexes. The main purpose of this research is to develop effective forecasting models for regional air quality indexes (AQI) to address the problems above and enhance forecasting accuracy. Therefore, two hybrid models (EMD-SVR-Hybrid and EMD-IMFs-Hybrid) are proposed to forecast AQI data. The main steps of the EMD-SVR-Hybrid model are as follows: the data preprocessing technique EMD (empirical mode decomposition) is utilized to sift the original AQI data to obtain one group of smoother IMFs (intrinsic mode functions) and a noise series, where the IMFs contain the important information (level, fluctuations and others) from the original AQI series. LS-SVR is applied to forecast the sum of the IMFs, and then, S-ARIMA (seasonal ARIMA) is employed to forecast the residual sequence of LS-SVR. In addition, EMD-IMFs-Hybrid first separately forecasts the IMFs via statistical models and sums the forecasting results of the IMFs as EMD-IMFs. Then, S-ARIMA is employed to forecast the residuals of EMD-IMFs. To certify the proposed hybrid model, AQI data from June 2014 to August 2015 collected from Xingtai in China are utilized as a test case to investigate the empirical research. In terms of some of the forecasting assessment measures, the AQI forecasting results of Xingtai show that the two proposed hybrid models are superior to ARIMA, SVR, GRNN, EMD-GRNN, Wavelet-GRNN and Wavelet-SVR. Therefore, the

  11. Hybrid reactors. [Fuel cycle

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moir, R.W.

    1980-09-09

    The rationale for hybrid fusion-fission reactors is the production of fissile fuel for fission reactors. A new class of reactor, the fission-suppressed hybrid promises unusually good safety features as well as the ability to support 25 light-water reactors of the same nuclear power rating, or even more high-conversion-ratio reactors such as the heavy-water type. One 4000-MW nuclear hybrid can produce 7200 kg of /sup 233/U per year. To obtain good economics, injector efficiency times plasma gain (eta/sub i/Q) should be greater than 2, the wall load should be greater than 1 MW.m/sup -2/, and the hybrid should cost less than 6 times the cost of a light-water reactor. Introduction rates for the fission-suppressed hybrid are usually rapid.

  12. Hybrid propulsion technology program

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-01-01

    Technology was identified which will enable application of hybrid propulsion to manned and unmanned space launch vehicles. Two design concepts are proposed. The first is a hybrid propulsion system using the classical method of regression (classical hybrid) resulting from the flow of oxidizer across a fuel grain surface. The second system uses a self-sustaining gas generator (gas generator hybrid) to produce a fuel rich exhaust that was mixed with oxidizer in a separate combustor. Both systems offer cost and reliability improvement over the existing solid rocket booster and proposed liquid boosters. The designs were evaluated using life cycle cost and reliability. The program consisted of: (1) identification and evaluation of candidate oxidizers and fuels; (2) preliminary evaluation of booster design concepts; (3) preparation of a detailed point design including life cycle costs and reliability analyses; (4) identification of those hybrid specific technologies needing improvement; and (5) preperation of a technology acquisition plan and large scale demonstration plan.

  13. Deletion of the pflA gene in Escherichia coli LS5218 and its effects on the production of polyhydroxyalkanoates using beechwood xylan as a feedstock

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salamanca-Cardona, Lucia; Scheel, Ryan A; Lundgren, Benjamin R; Stipanovic, Arthur J; Matsumoto, Ken'ichiro; Taguchi, Seiichi; Nomura, Christopher T

    2014-01-01

    Engineering of microorganisms to directly utilize plant biomass as a feedstock for the biosynthesis of value-added products such as bioplastics is the aim of consolidated bioprocessing. In previous research we successfully engineered E. coli LS5218 to produce polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) from xylan. In this study we report further genetic modifications to Escherichia coli LS5218 in order to increase the lactic acid (LA) fraction in poly(lactic acid-co-3-hydroxyalkanoate) P(LA-co-HA) copolymers. Deletion of the pflA gene resulted in increased content of LA repeating units in the copolymers by over 3-fold compared with the wild type; however, this increase was offset by reduced yields in cell mass. Additionally, when acetate was used as a feedstock LA monomer incorporation reached 18.5 (mol%), which suggests that acetate can be used as a feedstock for the production of P(LA-co-HA) copolymers by E. coli. PMID:25482228

  14. Variability in the orbital profiles of the X-ray emission of the gamma-ray binary LS I +61 303

    CERN Document Server

    Torres, Diego F; Li, Jian; Rea, Nanda; Caliandro, G Andrea; Hadasch, Daniela; Chen, Yupeng; Wang, Jianmin; Ray, Paul S

    2010-01-01

    We report on the analysis of Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer (RXTE) Proportional Counter Array (PCA) monitoring observations of the $\\gamma$-ray binary system LS I +61 303, covering 35 full cycles of its orbital motion. This constitutes the largest continuous X-ray monitoring dataset analyzed to date for this source. Such an extended analysis allows us to report: a) the discovery of variability in the orbital profiles of the X- ray emission, b) the existence of a few (recent) short flares on top of the overall behavior typical of the source, which, given the PCA field-of-view, may or may not be associated with LS I +61 303, and c) the determination of the orbital periodicity using soft X-ray data alone.

  15. Electrodialytic extraction of heavy metals from Greenlandic MSWI fly ash as a function of remediation time and L/S ratio

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kirkelund, Gunvor Marie; Jensen, Pernille Erland; Ottosen, Lisbeth M.

    2013-01-01

    The management of Greenlandic municipal solid waste incineration (MSWI) fly ash could be improved. Presently, the fly ash is disposed of in Norway as the fly ash is classified as hazardous waste. Fly ash contains high amounts of leachable heavy metals, but also resources that could be beneficial...... for reuse. In electrodialytic remediation a direct current is applied to a contaminated particulate material to remove heavy metals from the material. In this study, electrodialytic remediation was applied to a Greenlandic MSWI fly ash from a small waste incinerator in Ilulissat. The fly ash...... lasting 14 days with L/S 10, up to 60 % Cd, 45 % Zn, 20 % Ni and Ba was removed. Regardless of the remediation time and L/S ratio, the fraction of soluble Ba, Cr and Pb decreased due to the electrodialytic remediation. The electrodialytic remediation method showed potential as a treatment method...

  16. Support vector machine regression (LS-SVM)--an alternative to artificial neural networks (ANNs) for the analysis of quantum chemistry data?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balabin, Roman M; Lomakina, Ekaterina I

    2011-06-28

    A multilayer feed-forward artificial neural network (MLP-ANN) with a single, hidden layer that contains a finite number of neurons can be regarded as a universal non-linear approximator. Today, the ANN method and linear regression (MLR) model are widely used for quantum chemistry (QC) data analysis (e.g., thermochemistry) to improve their accuracy (e.g., Gaussian G2-G4, B3LYP/B3-LYP, X1, or W1 theoretical methods). In this study, an alternative approach based on support vector machines (SVMs) is used, the least squares support vector machine (LS-SVM) regression. It has been applied to ab initio (first principle) and density functional theory (DFT) quantum chemistry data. So, QC + SVM methodology is an alternative to QC + ANN one. The task of the study was to estimate the Møller-Plesset (MPn) or DFT (B3LYP, BLYP, BMK) energies calculated with large basis sets (e.g., 6-311G(3df,3pd)) using smaller ones (6-311G, 6-311G*, 6-311G**) plus molecular descriptors. A molecular set (BRM-208) containing a total of 208 organic molecules was constructed and used for the LS-SVM training, cross-validation, and testing. MP2, MP3, MP4(DQ), MP4(SDQ), and MP4/MP4(SDTQ) ab initio methods were tested. Hartree-Fock (HF/SCF) results were also reported for comparison. Furthermore, constitutional (CD: total number of atoms and mole fractions of different atoms) and quantum-chemical (QD: HOMO-LUMO gap, dipole moment, average polarizability, and quadrupole moment) molecular descriptors were used for the building of the LS-SVM calibration model. Prediction accuracies (MADs) of 1.62 ± 0.51 and 0.85 ± 0.24 kcal mol(-1) (1 kcal mol(-1) = 4.184 kJ mol(-1)) were reached for SVM-based approximations of ab initio and DFT energies, respectively. The LS-SVM model was more accurate than the MLR model. A comparison with the artificial neural network approach shows that the accuracy of the LS-SVM method is similar to the accuracy of ANN. The extrapolation and interpolation results show that LS-SVM is

  17. LS-DYNA Simulation of Hemispherical-punch Stamping Process Using an Efficient Algorithm for Continuum Damage Based Elastoplastic Constitutive Equation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salajegheh, Nima; Abedrabbo, Nader; Pourboghrat, Farhang

    2005-08-01

    An efficient integration algorithm for continuum damage based elastoplastic constitutive equations is implemented in LS-DYNA. The isotropic damage parameter is defined as the ratio of the damaged surface area over the total cross section area of the representative volume element. This parameter is incorporated into the integration algorithm as an internal variable. The developed damage model is then implemented in the FEM code LS-DYNA as user material subroutine (UMAT). Pure stretch experiments of a hemispherical punch are carried out for copper sheets and the results are compared against the predictions of the implemented damage model. Evaluation of damage parameters is carried out and the optimized values that correctly predicted the failure in the sheet are reported. Prediction of failure in the numerical analysis is performed through element deletion using the critical damage value. The set of failure parameters which accurately predict the failure behavior in copper sheets compared to experimental data is reported as well.

  18. Einfluss der Klimabedingungen auf morphologische Merkmale der Ölbehälter und auf die Zusammensetzung des ätherischen Öls von vier Origanum vulgare Subspezies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shaflee-Hajiabad

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Vier Origanum vulgare Subspezies wurden in einem Gefäßversuch unter zwei Mikroklimabedingungen bei unterschiedlicher Lichtintensität kultiviert. Es wurden die morphologischen Merkmale von Drüsentrichomen sowie die Zusammensetzung des ätherischen Öls untersucht. Es wurde festgestellt, dass die Dichte und der Durchmesser von Drüsentrichomen sowie die Zusammensetzung des ätherischen Öls zwischen den verschiedenen Subspezies deutlich variierten. Eine erhöhte Lichtintensität steigerte den Durchmesser der Drüsentrichome, während der Biomasse-Ertrag sowie die Pflanzenhöhe und die Blattfläche reduziert waren.

  19. FUSE Spectroscopy of the DAO-type Central Star LS V+4621: Looking for the Photosphere in the Sea of Interstellar Absorption

    OpenAIRE

    Ziegler, M.; Rauch, T.; Werner, K.; Kruk, J W; Oliveira, C.

    2006-01-01

    The far-ultraviolet spectrum of the DAO White Dwarf LS V+4621, the exciting star of the possible planetary nebula Sh 2-216,is strongly contaminated by absorption features from the interstellar medium (ISM). For an ongoing spectral analysis, we aim to extract the pure photospheric spectrum in order to identify and model metal lines of species which are not detectable in the near-ultraviolet wavelength range. We have modeled the interstellar absorption precisely and considered it for the simula...

  20. Genome Sequence of the Fructan-Degrading Organism Marinimicrobium sp. Strain LS-A18, Isolated from a Marine Solar Saltern.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Wei-Dong; Pang, Hai-Qiang; Guo, Li-Zhong

    2013-10-03

    Marinimicrobium sp. strain LS-A18 is a fructan-degrading organism isolated from a brine sample from a marine solar saltern in Jiaozhou Bay, China. The draft genome sequence of this bacterium is 3,815,107 bp in length, with a G+C content of 59.03%. To our knowledge, this is the first genome announcement of a fructan-degrading strain of the genus Marinimicrobium.