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Sample records for lord alfred tennyson

  1. A Brief Discussion on the Outlook on Life and Death--A Comparative Analysis of Emily Dickinson and Alfred Tennyson

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龚玉龙; 张华园

    2015-01-01

    Since ancient times,large numbers of poets throughout the world have elaborated their outlook on life and death through their works.Among them are Emily Dickinson and Alfred Tennyson,the outstanding poetess and poet in the 19th century,who have a unique and thorough meditation on life and death.From the comparative analysis of their view on life and death we could extract a good deal of spiritual treasure to provide a scientific guidance for people in modern society.

  2. A Brief Discussion on the Outlook on Life and Death——A Comparative Analysis of Emily Dickinson and Alfred Tennyson

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龚玉龙; 张华园

    2015-01-01

    Since ancient times,large numbers of poets throughout the world have elaborated their outlook on life and death through their works.Among them are Emily Dickinson and Alfred Tennyson,the outstanding poetess and poet in the 19th century,who have a unique and thorough meditation on life and death.From the comparative analysis of their view on life and death we could extract a good deal of spiritual treasure to provide a scientific guidance for people in modern society.

  3. Analysis of Melancholy in Alfred Tennyson’s“Break, Break, Break”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张兰兰

    2012-01-01

      s: As a“Poet Laureate”, Alfred Lord Tennyson has been loved and respected by critics and readers. He is famous not only for his unsurpassed virtuosity, but also the melancholy feeling in his poetry. He excels at penning short lyrics, among which“Break, Break, Break”is one of the representatives. This paper analyzes the melancholy in the poem from different per⁃spectives, the rhetorical device of repetend, the diction and the sound.

  4. Irony in Tennyson's "Little Hamlet".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harrison, Antony H.

    1981-01-01

    Points out similarities between the events and characters of Tennyson's "Maud" and Shakespeare's "Hamlet." Identifies traits which "Maud" shares with Spasmodic poetry. Argues that Tennyson consciously employed these similarities to expose the deficiencies of the Spasmodic school. (DMM)

  5. Irony in Tennyson's "Little Hamlet".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harrison, Antony H.

    1981-01-01

    Points out similarities between the events and characters of Tennyson's "Maud" and Shakespeare's "Hamlet." Identifies traits which "Maud" shares with Spasmodic poetry. Argues that Tennyson consciously employed these similarities to expose the deficiencies of the Spasmodic school. (DMM)

  6. To Live, To Explore ——The Exploration Spirit in Ulysses byTennyson

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘昌蕊; 王晓利

    2015-01-01

    The poem Ulysses written by poet Alfred Tennyson is an ambition monologue. Tennyson wrote it soon after his best friend Arthur H.Hallam passed away. He uses the character, Odysseus, in ancient Greek mythology for reference, and adds something new in his own poem, presenting a hero with great aspiration to us. The hero moulded by author is so energetic that when confronted with the suffering from age and the challenge form fate, he chooses to keep forging ahead and exploring.

  7. The starlight night the sky in the writings of Shakespeare, Tennyson, and Hopkins

    CERN Document Server

    Levy, David H

    2016-01-01

    In this updated second edition renowned amateur comet-searcher David H. Levy expands on his work about the intricate relationship between the night sky and the works of English Literature. This revised and expanded text includes new sections on Alfred Lord Tennyson and Gerald Manley Hopkins (both amateur astronomers), extending the time period analyzed in the first edition from early modern literature to encompass the Victorian age. Although the sky enters into much of literature through the ages, British authors offer an especially fertile connection to the heavens, and Levy links the works of seminal authors from Shakespeare on to specific celestial events and scientific advances.  From the impact of comets and supernovae to eclipses, Levy’s ultimate goal in this book is to inspire his readers to do the same thing as their ancestors did so long ago—look up and appreciate the stars. His insights in this revised book spread farther and wider than ever before in this learned and enchanting tour of the ski...

  8. On Themes of the Eagle by Alfred Tennyson

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈晓庆

    2009-01-01

    Theme is significant to poetry.Not only music but also theme is related to poetry since its birth.Usually great poems have more than one theme.Nowadays different approaches of literary analysis are on stage.The different approaches are employed to expound the rich themes of The Eagle-in memorial of Hallam,in praise of Britain's colonial expansion and in eulogy of nature.

  9. Tennyson's Scepticism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Day, Aidan

    generation of the modern that was taking place in his era. The study makes extensive critical use of Tennyson's manuscript drafts and includes a reconstruction, based on extant manuscript material, of the earliest known version of  Tennyson's paradigmatic early long poem, The Lover's Tale....

  10. Alfred Hansen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Friis, Ib; Wind, Peter; Pedersen, Henrik Ærenlund

    2008-01-01

    Nekrolog over botanikeren Alfred Hansen, leder af Dansk Herbarium på Botanisk Museum, Københavns Universitet, med gennemgang af hans videnskabelige og formidlende publikationer og indsats som samler af videnskabeligt materiale.......Nekrolog over botanikeren Alfred Hansen, leder af Dansk Herbarium på Botanisk Museum, Københavns Universitet, med gennemgang af hans videnskabelige og formidlende publikationer og indsats som samler af videnskabeligt materiale....

  11. Captain Lord's uremia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wyner, Lawrence Michael

    2013-06-01

    The hundredth anniversary of the worst ever civilian maritime disaster was also the fiftieth anniversary of the death of arguably its most controversial character, Captain Stanley Lord, skipper of the Californian, a "tramp" steamer that became entrapped in ice just off the Grand Banks of Newfoundland on April 14, 1912. Although Lord was faulted in two widely publicized inquiries for failing to respond to Titanic's distress signals, there may have actually been a medical reason for his behavior because he suffered from chronic renal disease and most likely had some secondary cognitive impairment due to this disease. An assessment of Lord's health history shows that he fractured his leg as a young man; suffered from poor eyesight, which led to his premature retirement from the sea by the age of 50; and eventually died from renal failure. Furthermore, his death certificate alludes to previous uremic episodes, perhaps encompassing the time period of the Titanic accident. Lord may have been under some pressure not to reveal his infirmity because doing so could have further jeopardized his career. The literature abounds with evidence that renal insufficiency negatively affects cognition, often years before progression to end-stage renal disease. Captain Lord's failure to act in a crisis situation may serve as a case in point.

  12. Alfred Wallaces evolutionsteori

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Alstrup, Aage Kristian Olsen; Winterdahl, Michael; Wang, Tobias

    2013-01-01

    I år er det hundrede år siden Alfred Wallace døde. Uafhængigt af Charles Darwin kom han på sporet af en evolutionsteori baseret på naturlig udvælgelse. Officielt blev begge teorier offentliggjort samtidigt på et møde i London i 1858, men i dag er Alfred Wallace glemt af de fleste....

  13. Alfred Wallaces evolutionsteori

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Alstrup, Aage Kristian Olsen; Winterdahl, Michael; Wang, Tobias

    2013-01-01

    I år er det hundrede år siden Alfred Wallace døde. Uafhængigt af Charles Darwin kom han på sporet af en evolutionsteori baseret på naturlig udvælgelse. Officielt blev begge teorier offentliggjort samtidigt på et møde i London i 1858, men i dag er Alfred Wallace glemt af de fleste....

  14. On Sound Symbolism in Alfred Tennyson’s Poems:A Phonological Study of English Poetry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张潇

    2015-01-01

    Generally, linguists categorize sound symbolism into two major types: direct sound symbolism and synesthetic sound symbolism. In English literature, Alfred Tennyson is a great Victorian poet adept in sensitive uses of the musical qualities of words to emphasize his poetic meanings and sensations. By analyzing his two famous short poems (“The Eagle” and “Break, Break, Break”) from a phonological perspective, this thesis intends to probe into how sound symbolism, especially the synesthetic sound symbolism, is applied to express his poetic emotions.

  15. Lord Shiva Statue Unveiled

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    On 18 June, CERN unveiled an unusual new landmark, a 2m tall statue of the Indian deity Lord Shiva.It was unveiled by the Director General, Dr Robert Aymar, His Excellency Mr K. M. Chandrasekhar, Ambassador (WTO-Geneva) and Dr Anil Kakodkar, Chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission and Secretary, Dept of Atomic Energy, India. (18/06/2004)

  16. Lord Shiva Statue Unveiled

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    On 18 June, CERN unveiled an unusual new landmark, a 2m tall statue of the Indian deity Lord Shiva. The Director-General and Dr. Kakodkar watch as Mr.Chandrasekhar signs the Guest Book. The statue is a gift from India, celebrating CERN's long association with India which started in the 1960's and continues strongly today. It was unveiled by the Director General, Dr Robert Aymar, His Excellency Mr K. M. Chandrasekhar, Ambassador (WTO-Geneva) and Dr Anil Kakodkar, Chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission and Secretary, Dept of Atomic Energy, India. In the Hindu religion, this form of the dancing Lord Shiva is known as the Nataraj and symbolises Shakti, or life force. As a plaque alongside the statue explains, the belief is that Lord Shiva danced the Universe into existence, motivates it, and will eventually extinguish it. Carl Sagan drew the metaphor between the cosmic dance of the Nataraj and the modern study of the 'cosmic dance' of subatomic particles. The statue was made in India. The original sculpture was...

  17. The Canonical Alfred Hitchcock

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis, Michael J.

    2010-01-01

    Alfred Hitchcock is a major figure of popular culture. He was one of the founding fathers of the cinematic art and, together with Eisenstein and Murnau, helped define its visual language. So fruitful was he that a single film could spawn an entire genre, as "Psycho" helped create the modern horror film and "North by Northwest" the style and tone…

  18. The Canonical Alfred Hitchcock

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis, Michael J.

    2010-01-01

    Alfred Hitchcock is a major figure of popular culture. He was one of the founding fathers of the cinematic art and, together with Eisenstein and Murnau, helped define its visual language. So fruitful was he that a single film could spawn an entire genre, as "Psycho" helped create the modern horror film and "North by Northwest" the style and tone…

  19. Schnittke, Alfred: Requiem / Didier Louis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Louis, Didier

    1996-01-01

    Uuest heliplaadist "Schnittke, Alfred: Requiem; Gorecki: Miserere. Solistes vocaux et instrumentaux, Choeur de chambre Eric Ericson, Choeur de la Radio Suedoise, Tõnu Kaljuste" Caprice CAP 21 515, distribution Disques Concord (CD: 160F). TT: 1h 08'49"

  20. Schnittke, Alfred: Requiem / Didier Louis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Louis, Didier

    1996-01-01

    Uuest heliplaadist "Schnittke, Alfred: Requiem; Gorecki: Miserere. Solistes vocaux et instrumentaux, Choeur de chambre Eric Ericson, Choeur de la Radio Suedoise, Tõnu Kaljuste" Caprice CAP 21 515, distribution Disques Concord (CD: 160F). TT: 1h 08'49"

  1. Queering Masturbation in Lorde's Life and Writing

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Njeng, Eric Sipyinyu

    2014-01-01

    In his article "Queering Masturbation in Lorde's Life and Writing" Eric Sipyinyu Njeng discusses masturbation in Audre Lorde's life and works to signal an important aspect of her oeuvre often neglected in scholarship...

  2. The Lord of the Rings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘金梅

    2002-01-01

    Peter Jackson's first film in The Lord of the Rings trilogy (三步曲) has just grabbed (夺得) four Oscars-awards for the best make-up, best cinematography (摄影), best visual effects and best original score.Chinese audience had a chance to watch the fihn from late April.

  3. Lord Patten sai Maarjamaa Risti

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    President Arnold Rüütel andis Euroopa Komisjoni endisele välisvolinikule lord Chris Patten' ile üle Maarjamaa Risti I klassi teenetemärgi, tunnustades teda mahuka ja konstruktiivse töö eest Eesti Euroopa Liiduga liitumise huvides. Ilmunud ka Eesti Elu = Estonian Life, 2005/Oct/28, lk. 3

  4. Joseph Conrad's Lord Jim: Reconsiderations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Albashir Mohammed Al-Haj

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The present study aims at reconsidering critically Joseph Conrad's Lord Jim. Joseph Conrad is a great master of English prose who writes normally of the sea, of the Eastern islands, of the English character as seen against a background of the exotic or faced with difficulties. The power of Conrad's feelings for Jim, as well as the force of his judgment  against him, are the responses  of a man mightily involved on two planes, one personal and one public , with the dynamics of good and evil. The evil in Lord Jim is one thing on the surface and another beneath our grasp. It is of course the evil of men who have no sense of loyalty to anything.

  5. Lord Kelvin's atmospheric electricity measuremnets

    CERN Document Server

    Aplin, K L

    2013-01-01

    Lord Kelvin (William Thomson) made important contributions to the study of atmospheric electricity during a brief but productive period from 1859-1861. By 1859 Kelvin had recognised the need for "incessant recording" of atmospheric electrical parameters, and responded by inventing both the water-dropper instrument for measuring the atmospheric Potential Gradient (PG), and photographic data logging. The water-dropper was widely adopted internationally and is still in use today. Following theoretical considerations of electric field distortion by local topography, Kelvin developed a portable electrometer, using it to investigate PG on the Scottish island of Arran. During these environmental measurements, Kelvin may have unwittingly detected atmospheric PG changes during solar activity in August/September 1859 associated with the "Carrington event". Kelvin's atmospheric electricity work presents an early representative study in quantitative environmental physics, through the application of mathematical principle...

  6. Lord Kelvin's atmospheric electricity measurements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aplin, K. L.; Harrison, R. G.

    2013-09-01

    Lord Kelvin (William Thomson) made important contributions to the study of atmospheric electricity during a brief but productive period from 1859-1861. By 1859 Kelvin had recognised the need for "incessant recording" of atmospheric electrical parameters, and responded by inventing both the water dropper equaliser for measuring the atmospheric potential gradient (PG), and photographic data logging. The water dropper equaliser was widely adopted internationally and is still in use today. Following theoretical considerations of electric field distortion by local topography, Kelvin developed a portable electrometer, using it to investigate the PG on the Scottish island of Arran. During these environmental measurements, Kelvin may have unwittingly detected atmospheric PG changes during solar activity in August/September 1859 associated with the "Carrington event", which is interesting in the context of his later statements that solar magnetic influence on the Earth was impossible. Kelvin's atmospheric electricity work presents an early representative study in quantitative environmental physics, through the application of mathematical principles to an environmental problem, the design and construction of bespoke instrumentation for real world measurements and recognising the limitations of the original theoretical view revealed by experimental work.

  7. Alfred Vogel / Jasmiin-Ene Kallas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kallas, Jasmiin-Ene

    1999-01-01

    Ravimtaimede tundja, rändur, toitumisteadlane, publitsist, maailmamainega lektor, ühe tuntuima firma Bioforce AG looja shveitslane Alfred Vogel (1902-1996). Järgneb 1.,8.,15.,22.,29. dets. ; 2000, 5.,12.,19. jaan.

  8. Alfred Russel Wallace deserves better

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    David Lloyd; Julian Wimpenny; Alfred Venables

    2010-09-01

    During 2009, while we were celebrating Charles Darwin and his The origin of species, sadly, little was said about the critical contribution of Alfred Russel Wallace (1823–1913) to the development of the theory of evolution. Like Darwin, he was a truly remarkable nineteenth century intellect and polymath and, according to a recent book by Roy Davies (The Darwin conspiracy: origins of a scientific crime), he has a stronger claim to the Theory of Evolution by Natural Selection than has Darwin. Here we present a critical comparison between the contributions of the two scientists. Sometimes referred to as ‘The other beetle-hunter’ and largely neglected for many decades, Wallace had a far greater experience of collecting and investigating animals and plants from their native habitats than had Darwin. He was furthermore much more than a pioneer biogeographer and evolutionary theorist, and also made contributions to anthropology, ethnography, geology, land reform and social issues. However, being a more modest, self-deprecating man than Darwin, and lacking the latter’s establishment connections, Wallace’s contribution to the theory of evolution was not given the recognition it deserved and he was undoubtedly shabbily treated at the time. It is time that Wallace’s relationship with Darwin is reconsidered in preparation for 2013, the centenary of Wallace’s death, and he should be recognized as at least an equal in the Wallace–Darwin theory of evolution.

  9. Marcel Duchamp and Alfred Jarry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pieter de Nijs

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Alfred Jarry (1873-1907 is usually presented as one of Marcel Duchamp’s literary examples. Duchamp however never explicitly named Jarry as such; unlike he did with Jules Laforgue, Raymond Roussel and Jean-Paul Brisset. The reason why Jarry is nevertheless often mentioned as one of Duchamp's major inspirations lies in some – mainly thematic –parallels between their works. Duchamp's ‘amusing physics’ (physique amusante seems to be directly inspired by the pataphysics Jarry introduced in Gestes et opinions du Docteur Faustroll, pataphysicien (1911. The fantastic machines Jarry staged in a novel like Le Surmâle (1902 and in the various stories he wrote for magazines such as La Revue blanche, La Plume and Le Canard sauvage have traces in common with the machineries Duchamp gave shape in - for example - his La Mariee mise à nu par ces célibataires, même. And Duchamp sometimes did refer directly to Jarry, for example to his famous 'merdre'.More interesting though then the thematic parallels are the linguistic experiments Jarry and Duchamp both ventured on, showing some striking similarities.

  10. Alfred Döblin, Naturphilosoph

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Élcio Cornelsen

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo do presente artigo é esboçar, a partir da interpretação do escrito Das Ich über der Natur (1927, uma breve imagem de Alfred Döblin enquanto filósofo da natureza. Trata-se de uma faceta do famoso autor do romance Berlin Alexanderplatz, que, até o presente momento, recebeu muito pouca atenção também na Alemanha e, em virtude disso, sempre esteve à sombra de suas obras de ficção. Após a Primeira Guerra Mundial teve início a fase em que Döblin se ocupou intensamente de questões filosóficas sobre a natureza. Determinadas questões, como, por ex emplo, a questão do papel do homem na natureza, ou ainda a questão em torno de uma postura justa nas ações humanas figuram no centro de seus ensaios de filosofia da natureza escritos e publicados nos anos 20. Das Ich über der Natur , publicado em 1927 pela editora Fisc her, foi o primeiro ensaio de maior fôlego em torno das especulações döblinianas orientadas pela filosofia da natureza. Nessa obra, Döblin procura discutir alguns con ceitos como “Ur-Ich” (“Eu-Primevo” e “Ur-Sinn” (“Sentido-Primevo” na qualidade de instância suprema da natureza.

  11. Plastiliinivõlur Peter Lord / Margit Tõnson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tõnson, Margit, 1978-

    2007-01-01

    PÖFFi animafilmide festivali "Animated Dreams" ja Nukufilmi 50. juubeli külaline, Bristolis asuva kuulsa Aardman Studio asutajaid ja režissöör Peter Lord oma stuudiost. Lisaks "Jumal on suur animaator, animaator on väike jumal"

  12. Plastiliinivõlur Peter Lord / Margit Tõnson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tõnson, Margit, 1978-

    2007-01-01

    PÖFFi animafilmide festivali "Animated Dreams" ja Nukufilmi 50. juubeli külaline, Bristolis asuva kuulsa Aardman Studio asutajaid ja režissöör Peter Lord oma stuudiost. Lisaks "Jumal on suur animaator, animaator on väike jumal"

  13. "Lord of the Flies". [Lesson Plan].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Discovery Communications, Inc., Bethesda, MD.

    Based on William Golding's novel "Lord of the Flies," this lesson plan presents activities designed to help students understand that, on a literal level, the novel deals with what happens to a group of boys stranded on an island; and that on a symbolic level, it investigates what happens to civilized people when the structures of civilization…

  14. Humor in the Films of Alfred Hitchcock.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Novak, Glenn D.

    Although usually considered the "master of suspense," Alfred Hitchcock relished working humor into his films, frequently juxtaposing it against scenes of utter gruesomeness. This placement of comic elements--comic relief--in an otherwise serious murder mystery or suspense thriller became a Hitchcock trademark early in his career.…

  15. Alfred Hitchcock and the Art of Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirshner, Jonathan

    1996-01-01

    Draws an interesting and instructive parallel between the work of film director Alfred Hitchcock, a master craftsman and technician, and the process of academic research. Briefly identifies shared qualities of specific concepts clearly communicated: all of the parts serve the whole, and respect for the audience. (MJP)

  16. Evil in Lord of the Flies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄靓

    2008-01-01

    Lord of the Flies deals with the problem of the nature of human personality and the reflection of personality on society.Devils hidesomewhere dee in side of all people.Without morals,law and order it will eventually surface and come out.Evil it;the natural product of their con-sciousness.Simon understands,and this is the wisdom Golding treats with awe.that evil is"only us".

  17. Alfred Schutz'S Sociology as a Naive Science

    OpenAIRE

    Greg Yudin

    2015-01-01

    Alfred Schutz has paid considerable attention to the position of scientist in the world and particularly to that of social scientist. His analyses make extensive use of phenomenological concepts and contain detailed descriptions of scientific cognitive style in its relation to the everyday life. However, Schutz is surprisingly silent on the motives that could justify quitting the ordinary 'world of working' and entering the scientific attitude. This paper discusses whether the Schutz normativ...

  18. Alfred Rõude sünnipäeval / Mai Levin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Levin, Mai, 1942-

    2011-01-01

    Alfred Rõudest (15.04.1896-8.09.1968) ja tema kunstikogust, mis pärast Alfred Rõude surma jäi tema abikaasa Alide Rõude (26.05.1895-14.09.1979) valdusse, siis läks Eesti Kunstimuuseumi. Nimetatud kogu töid, mis on olnud EKM-i või on Kumu püsiekspositsioonis. Autori arvates oleks Alfred Rõude suurtööle parim monument kataloogiga varustatud suur näitus

  19. Alfred Rõude sünnipäeval / Mai Levin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Levin, Mai, 1942-

    2011-01-01

    Alfred Rõudest (15.04.1896-8.09.1968) ja tema kunstikogust, mis pärast Alfred Rõude surma jäi tema abikaasa Alide Rõude (26.05.1895-14.09.1979) valdusse, siis läks Eesti Kunstimuuseumi. Nimetatud kogu töid, mis on olnud EKM-i või on Kumu püsiekspositsioonis. Autori arvates oleks Alfred Rõude suurtööle parim monument kataloogiga varustatud suur näitus

  20. ‘Thousands of throbbing hearts' - Sentimentality and community in popular Victorian poetry: Longfellow's Evangeline and Tennyson's Enoch Arden

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kirstie Blair

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available This essay explores the function of sentimentality in popular nineteenth-century narrative poetry by focusing on Tennyson's 'Enoch Arden' and Longfellow's 'Evangeline', two poems that have suffered relative critical neglect due to their status as sentimental verse. It argues that both texts, in their stories of exile, alienation and eventual recuperation, set up their hero and heroine as role-models for ways of feeling and use them to examine the possibility of using personal feeling as a conduit for communal sentiment. While both poems deploy the standard tropes of Victorian sentimentality, the ambiguous conclusions of 'Enoch Arden 'and 'Evangeline' , I argue, call into question the clichés of sentimental discourse. The fates of Enoch and of Evangeline offer, to some extent, a darker vision of the potential for sentimental responses to an individual's suffering to create feeling communities either within or without the poem.

  1. Cognitive metaphor understanding of Tennyson's Poems%丁尼生诗歌的认知隐喻解读

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐景春

    2013-01-01

    Cognitive metaphor theory points out that metaphor pervades our daily life, this paper using cognitive metaphor theory, analysis of Tennyson's poem"the crimson petal fell asleep"and"oak", analyses the metaphorical features and connotation in the poem, to understand and appreciate the poetic imagery.%  认知隐喻理论指出隐喻遍布于我们的日常生活,本文运用认知隐喻理论,分析丁尼生的诗《深红色的花瓣睡着了》和《橡树》,分析了诗中的隐喻特征及内涵,旨在理解和欣赏诗歌的意象和美。

  2. Epilepsy and catalepsy in Anglo-American literature between romanticism and realism: Tennyson, Poe, Eliot and Collins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wolf, P

    2000-12-01

    Epilepsy and catalepsy were not clearly separated in the minds of people in the early 19th century, and catalepsy may have been used as a diagnostic euphemism for epilepsy. Tennyson, in "The Princess" describes, under the diagnosis of catalepsy, probable temporal lobe epileptic dreamy states with derealization which serve as a metaphor of sexual and moral ambivalence, the poem's central theme. It seems that Tennyson knew such seizures from his own father who had been given a diagnosis of catalepsy. Poe gave his Berenice in the novella of the same title a diagnosis of epilepsy as a reason for a premature burial. However, there was a good deal of unlikelyhood in this, and when he came to this theme in "The Fall of the House of Usher" and in "The Premature Burial" he chose instead a diagnosis of catalepsy which fitted better with the plot. The fits of the title character in George Eliot's Silas Marner, diagnosed as catalepsy, would today rather be seen as epileptic twilight states. It would seem that this author drew from contemporary dictionary descriptions which described conditions similar to Marner's fits under the heading of catalepsy. In Eliot's "legend with a realistic treatment", the twilight states are a central factor in the plot and explain Marner's reclusion and passivity. In Poor Miss Finch by English realist Wilkie Collins, the post-traumatic seizures of Oscar, one of the main characters, their cause, their treatment with silver nitrate, and the subsequent discoloration of his skin are central supporting elements of a perfectly constructed plot. Collins gives an exact description of a right versive seizure with secondary generalisation, and how to deal with it. In none of these works seizures are seen in a negative light. They rather evoke reactions of sympathy and support.

  3. Objective Symbols in Lord of the Flies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李梅

    2013-01-01

      The novel Lord of the Flies was published in 1954, since then, a lot of praise, including the honor of the Nobel Prize in literature, was given to the novel and its author. The magic of the novel lies in something under the surface meaning of the novel it⁃self. With symbolism as a main figurative device, there are various symbols in this novel. Symbol, in literature, is a thing that refers or suggests something more than its literal meaning. In this novel, a lot of symbols are employed, some of them are obvious, others are obscure. This paper will focus on the objective symbols, the things and the people that can be seen by our eyes.

  4. In the Footsteps of the Lord of Miracles

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pærregaard, Karsten

    2008-01-01

    One of South America's most famous Catholic icons is the Lord of Miracles, celebrated annually by more than a million people in Lima. Over the past three decades Peru's fast-growing diaspora in Europe, the US, Japan and Argentina has made the Lord of Miracles the object of a global expatriation. ...... identity as immigrants. It suggests that the globalisation of the Lord of Miracles is part of a strategy Peruvian migrants use to gain access to public spaces in the host country and thus legitimise their presence and claim legal and political rights as immigrants....

  5. From Page to Stage: Lord of the Flies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lucas, Helen; Hiltunen, Tuomas

    2002-01-01

    Discusses how drama can used in the teaching of English as a Foreign Language, describing a project at the International School of Helsinki that chose to dramatize William Golding's "Lord of the Flies." (Author/VWL)

  6. O estilo em Alfred Döblin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elcio Loureiro Cornelsen

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo do presente artigo é apresentar alguns aspectos teóricos postulados pelo escritor alemão Alfred Döblin em seus ensaios ao desenvolver sua própria concepção da obra épica na "era da técnica" à luz de questões estilísticas, propondo conceitos como "estilo cinematográfico", "despersonalização", "fantasia factual" e "fantasia cinética". Para uma delimitação conceitual em relação à noção de "estilo", serão tomadas por base as considerações de Antoine Compagnon, postuladas na obra O demônio da teoria (1999, bem como as reflexões de Walter Benjamin, presentes na resenha "A crise do romance" (1930 e no ensaio "O narrador" (1936.

  7. Alfred Õunapi 36 pedagoogiaastat / Toomas Reinpõld

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reinpõld, Toomas, 1960-

    2009-01-01

    Persoonilugu Põltsamaa Ametikooli maamajanduseriala praktilise poole kutseõpetajast Alfred Õunapist, kes pälvis Eesti Põllumajandus-Kaubanduskoja ning Maaelu Edendamise Sihtasutuse eripreemia aastatepikkuse töö eest

  8. Alfred Õunapi 36 pedagoogiaastat / Toomas Reinpõld

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reinpõld, Toomas, 1960-

    2009-01-01

    Persoonilugu Põltsamaa Ametikooli maamajanduseriala praktilise poole kutseõpetajast Alfred Õunapist, kes pälvis Eesti Põllumajandus-Kaubanduskoja ning Maaelu Edendamise Sihtasutuse eripreemia aastatepikkuse töö eest

  9. Guest Foreword by Lord Phillips KG PC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicholas A. Phillips

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available The Rt Hon The Lord Phillips of Worth Matravers KG PC, President of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland Ambition and excellence. Those two words epitomize Qatar. Under the leadership of his Highness the Emir, this small State has set out to make an impact on the world that belies its size. Ambitious was the plan to have an international broadcasting station. Ambitious was the plan to build from scratch a Museum of Islamic Art. Ambitious was the bid – the successful bid to host the World Cup in 2022. Ambitious is the bid to stage the Olympic Games in 2020. Qatar not merely has ambitions, it realizes its ambitions. And when it does so it is not enough to say that the result is ‘world class’, for Qatar sets out to be a world leader in whatever it puts its hand to. Excellence is the norm. Al Jazeera has established itself as the broadcasting station of choice for many throughout the world. The Doha Museum of Islamic Art is recognized as being second to none. In addition, the scale and standard of development in Doha itself is setting new standards of excellence in the fields of architecture and civil engineering. Thus when Qatar focuses its energies on education and the law, high achievements are expected. I shall have the honour of helping to achieve those expectations when I succeed Lord Woolf as President of Qatar’s new and impressive Civil and Commercial Court. The College of Law at Qatar University is already achieving excellence in the field of legal education. So, naturally, all expect great things of this new International Review of Law and I am delighted to have been invited to welcome it by this foreword. The range of the first edition is both international and topical. Those countries that have experienced the turbulence of the Arab Spring are settling new constitutions, and other countries are bent on constitutional reform designed to avoid such turbulence. So an erudite article on

  10. Lord Brouncker's Forgotten Sequence of Continued Fractions for Pi

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osler, Thomas J.

    2010-01-01

    "Lord Brouncker's continued fraction for pi" is a well-known result. In this article, we show that Brouncker found not only this one continued fraction, but an entire infinite sequence of related continued fractions for pi. These were recorded in the "Arithmetica Infinitorum" by John Wallis, but appear to have been ignored and forgotten by modern…

  11. Lord Sainsbury announces outcome of Research Council review

    CERN Document Server

    Dept. Trade & Industry

    2002-01-01

    Science and Innovation Minister, Lord Sainsbury, today announced the outcome of a review of the Council for the Central Laboratory of the Research Councils (CCLRC). The report is the second stage of a five-yearly review, which outlines ways to strengthen and promote greater value for money from the UK's investment in science (1 page).

  12. On Symbolic Significance of Characters in "Lord of the Flies"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Xiaofang; Wu, Weihua

    2009-01-01

    The characters in "Lord of the Flies" possess recognizable symbolic significance, which make them as the sort of people around us. Ralph stands for civilization and democracy; Piggy represents intellect and rationalism; Jack signifies savagery and dictatorship; Simon is the incarnation of goodness and saintliness. All of these…

  13. Lord Brouncker's Forgotten Sequence of Continued Fractions for Pi

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osler, Thomas J.

    2010-01-01

    "Lord Brouncker's continued fraction for pi" is a well-known result. In this article, we show that Brouncker found not only this one continued fraction, but an entire infinite sequence of related continued fractions for pi. These were recorded in the "Arithmetica Infinitorum" by John Wallis, but appear to have been ignored and forgotten by modern…

  14. Les livres pairs d’Alfred Jarry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julien Schuh

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Dans les Gestes et opinions du Dr Faustroll, pataphysicien, Alfred Jarry décrit une bibliothèque idéale, composée de 27 ouvrages qu’il nomme mystérieusement des « livres pairs ». Dans cette liste, on trouve aussi bien des œuvres canoniques du symbolisme (Mallarmé, Verlaine, Poe traduit par Baudelaire, des titres des amis de Jarry et des piliers des revues de l’époque (Rachilde, Gustave Kahn, Léon Bloy, que des ouvrages que l’on assimile davantage aux lectures enfantines (un conte de Marceline Desbordes-Valmore, les Mille et une Nuits, le théâtre de Florian ou des textes hors-catégorie (l’œuvre de Rabelais, l’évangile de Luc, les Chants de Maldoror. Beaucoup de critiques se sont interrogés sur la notion de « parité », sur l’égalité supposée entre ces ouvrages n’appartenant pas aux mêmes catégories littéraires. Mais l’intérêt de cette liste n’est pas de fournir un classement, ou d’affirmer l’équivalence de toutes les formes textuelles, comme on l’analyse souvent, en faisant de Jarry un chantre du nihilisme qui chercherait à pervertir les hiérarchies littéraires pour montrer la vacuité du sens. Au contraire, en faisant débuter le Faustroll par une liste d’ouvrages, Jarry met en place les conditions de réception de son texte, dans une posture très littéraire. L’espace délimité par la liste des auteurs pairs fonctionne comme un portrait spirituel de Jarry-littérateur, et livre le contexte selon lequel son discours doit être reçu. La bibliothèque du Dr Faustroll fixe les références que le lecteur pourra voir convoquer dans le texte, et circonscrit l’espace littéraire dans lequel peut fonctionner cet ouvrage.

  15. Alfred of Wessex at a Cross-Roads in the History of Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, Janet L.

    2013-01-01

    This paper first situates King Alfred in Winchester, in Wessex, in Anglo-Saxon England, and in the Christendom of the ninth century. Attention is drawn to Alfred's education, which included experience of court life in Wessex, Rome and Francia. The paper argues that Alfred prioritised vernacular literacy as a means of educating elites in a…

  16. 76 FR 17672 - Alfred E. Boyce, M.D.; Decision and Order

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-30

    ... Enforcement Administration Alfred E. Boyce, M.D.; Decision and Order On August 12, 2010, Administrative Law....100(b) and 0.104, I order that DEA Certificate of Registration, FB0003943, issued to Alfred E. Boyce, M.D., be, and it hereby is, revoked. I further order that any pending application of Alfred E....

  17. Alfred of Wessex at a Cross-Roads in the History of Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, Janet L.

    2013-01-01

    This paper first situates King Alfred in Winchester, in Wessex, in Anglo-Saxon England, and in the Christendom of the ninth century. Attention is drawn to Alfred's education, which included experience of court life in Wessex, Rome and Francia. The paper argues that Alfred prioritised vernacular literacy as a means of educating elites in a shared…

  18. Alfred Kongo, intiimse maalilaadi meister / Juta Kivimäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivimäe, Juta, 1952-

    2001-01-01

    Alfred Kongost, tema loomingust. A. Kongo 95. sünniaastapäeva tähistav näitus Adamson-Ericu muuseumis 10. X-11. XI ja 9. XI toimub mälestusteõhtu. Näha saab Tiina Pargi 1984. a. filmi A. Kongost

  19. Alfred Chandler viis äriajaloo massidesse / Harli Uljas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Uljas, Harli

    2007-01-01

    Majandusteadlane Alfred Chandler oli esimene, kes tõi kasutusse väite, et muutused strateegias saavad olla edukad vaid juhul, kui juhid suunavad ka ettevõtte toimima uutmoodi. Teda peetakse suurkorporatsiooni äriajaloo leiutajaks. Artikkel sisaldab loetelu A. Chandleri kirjutistest

  20. Alfred Nobel and the Nobel Prizes. Fact Sheets on Sweden.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swedish Inst., Stockholm.

    The life and personality of Alfred Nobel and the Nobel Prizes established by his will are discussed. Nobel was a 19th century Swedish industrialist who was fluent in six languages. He invented dynamite. At his death in 1896, his estate amounted to $9,200,000. His will stipulated that the income from his estate should be divided annually into five…

  1. Alfred Kongo, intiimse maalilaadi meister / Juta Kivimäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivimäe, Juta, 1952-

    2001-01-01

    Alfred Kongost, tema loomingust. A. Kongo 95. sünniaastapäeva tähistav näitus Adamson-Ericu muuseumis 10. X-11. XI ja 9. XI toimub mälestusteõhtu. Näha saab Tiina Pargi 1984. a. filmi A. Kongost

  2. Apostle of Freedom: Alfred Adler and His British Disciples

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hirsch, Pam

    2005-01-01

    The psychology of Alfred Adler is traditionally considered to be one of the three so-called in-depth or psychoanalytic therapies, the other two being the theories of Sigmund Freud and Carl Gustav Jung. This article demonstrates that Adler's Individual Psychology was especially influential on teachers in Vienna between the two world wars. There…

  3. Apostle of Freedom: Alfred Adler and His British Disciples

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hirsch, Pam

    2005-01-01

    The psychology of Alfred Adler is traditionally considered to be one of the three so-called in-depth or psychoanalytic therapies, the other two being the theories of Sigmund Freud and Carl Gustav Jung. This article demonstrates that Adler's Individual Psychology was especially influential on teachers in Vienna between the two world wars. There…

  4. Visit of Lord Sainsbury of Turville, Minister for Science, United Kingdom

    CERN Multimedia

    Laurent Guiraud

    1999-01-01

    Photo 01: Debbie Morgan explains the complexity of the ATLAS semiconductor tracker to Lord Sainsbury; Roger Cashmore (left), Director for Collider Programmes, and Shaun Roe look on. Photo 04: Lord Sainsbury (second from right) hears about preparations for the ATLAS experiment at the LHC from ATLAS spokesman Peter Jenni (right). With the Minister are CERN Director-General Prof. Luciano Maiani (left) and Roger Cashmore. Photo 07: Lord Sainsbury pictured between Prof. Luciano Maiani (left) and Peter Jenni. Photo 08: Lord Sainsbury (right) with Prof. Luciano Maiani.

  5. Alfred Kroeber and the concept of the superorganic

    OpenAIRE

    Marko Škorić

    2016-01-01

    Alfred Kroeber was a student of Franz Boas, and thus Boas' influence is visible in some aspects of Kroeber's relationship towards biology. However, in the theoretical sense, Kroeber's biggest contribution is the re-formulation of Spencer's concept of the superorganic which Kroeber used to analyze the notion of culture. The paper analyzes Kroeber's version of the superorganic, the critique he received for it as well as the latter (supposed) change in his theoretical position. Also, in Kroeber'...

  6. The Era of Newton, Herschel and Lord Rosse

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bennett, Jim

    2009-08-01

    In the eighteenth century England was dominant in building telescopes and instrumentation. This paper describes the contributions of the most important opticians and telescope builders, from Newton’s Opticks and the telescope design that bears his name, through various instrument makers who constructed ‘popular’ telescopes and published descriptions of mirror grinding (Smith, the Dollonds and their patent on achromatic lenses), to Herschel, who refined the description of his polishing procedures, and Lord Rosse, who attempted to communicate his through publication. The narrative of theory, practice and communication takes unexpected turns.

  7. The collected papers of Lord Rutherford of Nelson

    CERN Document Server

    Rutherford, Ernest

    2014-01-01

    This is the third of three volumes which together contain the complete range of Lord Rutherford's scientific papers, incorporating in addition addresses, general lectures, letters to editors, accounts of his scientific work and personal recollections by friends and colleagues. The final volume, first published in 1965, covers his period as Cavendish Professor from 1919 to 1937. Following on the immense fertility of his years in Manchester - only overshadowed towards the end by the war - we now turn to his last years as a world figure at the Cavendish Laboratory, where he continued his work on

  8. The collected papers of Lord Rutherford of Nelson

    CERN Document Server

    Rutherford, Ernest

    1962-01-01

    This is the third of three volumes which together contain the complete range of Lord Rutherford's scientific papers, incorporating in addition addresses, general lectures, letters to editors, accounts of his scientific work and personal recollections by friends and colleagues. The final volume, first published in 1965, covers his period as Cavendish Professor from 1919 to 1937. Following on the immense fertility of his years in Manchester - only overshadowed towards the end by the war - we now turn to his last years as a world figure at the Cavendish Laboratory, where he continued his work on

  9. Anger among Allies: Audre Lorde's 1981 Keynote Admonishing the National Women's Studies Association

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olson, Lester C.

    2011-01-01

    This essay argues that Audre Lorde's 1981 keynote speech, "The Uses of Anger: Women Responding to Racism," has much to contribute to communication scholars' understanding of human biases and rhetorical artistry. The significance of Lorde's subject is one reason for devoting critical attention to her speech, because, in contemporary public life in…

  10. Anger among Allies: Audre Lorde's 1981 Keynote Admonishing the National Women's Studies Association

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olson, Lester C.

    2011-01-01

    This essay argues that Audre Lorde's 1981 keynote speech, "The Uses of Anger: Women Responding to Racism," has much to contribute to communication scholars' understanding of human biases and rhetorical artistry. The significance of Lorde's subject is one reason for devoting critical attention to her speech, because, in contemporary public life in…

  11. Epic and Romance in The Lord Of The Rings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martin Simonson

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available In the field of comparative literature The Lord of the Rings has been most frequently studied within the contexts of romance and epic. This approach, however, leaves out important generic aspects of the global picture, such as the narrative’s strong adherence to the novel genre and to mythic traditions beyond romance and epic narratives. If we choose one particular genre as the yardstick against which to measure the work’s success in narrative terms, we tend to end up with the conclusion that The Lord of the Rings does not quite make sense within the given limits of the genre in question. In Tolkien’s work there is a narrative and stylistic exploration of the different genres’ constraints in which the Western narrative traditions – myth, epic, romance, the novel, and their respective subgenres – interact in a previously unknown but still very much coherent world that, because of the particular cohesion required by such a chronotope, exhibits a clear contextualization of references to the previous traditions. As opposed to many contemporary literary expressions, the ensuing absence of irony and parody creates a generic dialogue, in which the various narrative traditions explore and interrogate each other’s limits without rendering the others absurdly incompatible, ridiculous or superfluous.

  12. Alfred Beit : Hamburger und Diamantenkönig

    OpenAIRE

    Albrecht, Henning

    2011-01-01

    Ein Finanzgenie hat man Alfred Beit genannt. Als er 1875 nach Südafrika geht, ahnt niemand, dass der Sohn konvertierter Hamburger Juden schon bald einer der reichsten Männer seiner Zeit sein wird - durch die Diamanten von Kimberley und das Gold von Witwatersrand. Als Mitbegründer von De Beers Ltd. und als enger Freund von Cecil Rhodes - dem Motor des britischen Imperialismus im südlichen Afrika - wird er zu einem der kolonialen Väter von Rhodesien. Seit 1898 britischer Staatsbürger, versucht ...

  13. The significance of Alfred Adler for the concept of narcissism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ansbacher, H L

    1985-02-01

    Alfred Adler's significance for the concept of narcissism is presented with reference to four aspects: 1) Adler's theory of masculine protest was evidently a factor influencing Freud to turn toward the phenomenon of narcissism. 2) Present-day understanding of narcissism shows remarkable similarity to Adler's views on psychodynamics and neurotic egocentricity. 3) Some contemporary criticisms of Freud's theory of narcissism are very similar to Adler's criticism. 4) Adler's theory of social interest permits subsumption of narcissism under lack of social interest rather than acceptance of it as an expression of innate socially negative tendencies.

  14. Alfred Russell Wallace and the evolution of the human mind.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gross, Charles

    2010-10-01

    Today the fame of Alfred Russell Wallace is as the independent codiscoverer with Charles Darwin of the origin of species by natural selection. Although they were on very amiable terms all their lives, 11 years after announcing their discovery, Wallace and Darwin had a major disagreement on the evolution of human cognition. The author considers how this divergence and other disagreements, particularly on the role of instinct, are related to the differences in their class backgrounds, education, experience with non-European cultures, and views on socialism, phrenology, mesmerism, and spiritualism.

  15. Alfred Schmidt y el potencial subversivo de la sensualidad

    OpenAIRE

    Lissette Silva Lazcano

    2013-01-01

    El filósofo alemán Alfred Schmidt analiza la relación entre naturaleza y hombre a partir del concepto de naturaleza de Marx. Schmidt explicita el “intercambio orgánico entre el hombre y la naturaleza”, resaltando que aunque la naturaleza se nos presenta siempre en el horizonte de formas históricamente cambiantes de su apropiación social, nosotros formamos parte de ella, sin embargo esta relación es siempre dialéctica. Pero este pensador va más allá y confronta la perspectiva marxiana de la re...

  16. Lord Byron's physician: John William Polidori on somnambulism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finger, Stanley; Stiles, Anne

    2013-01-01

    John William Polidori (1795-1821) was the Edinburgh-trained physician hired by Lord Byron to accompany him to Switzerland, where he participated in the story-telling event proposed by Byron that led, with Polidori's help, to Mary Shelley's Frankenstein. Although those interested in English literature might also remember Polidori as the author of The Vampyre, one of the first extended works of fiction about vampires, his earlier interest in somnambulism and trance states is only beginning to be appreciated. Even more than students of Romantic literature, historians of science and medicine seem little aware of what Polidori had written about oneirodynia, a synonym for somnambulism, and how his thoughts from 1815 about such activities reflected the changing medical zeitgeist at this time. This chapter examines Polidori's medical thesis in a neuroscience context and compares what he wrote to the writings of several other physicians who were fascinated by nocturnal wanderings, their causes, their manifestations, and their possible treatments.

  17. The complex social network from The Lord of The Rings

    CERN Document Server

    Ribeiro, Mauricio Aparecido; Andruchiw, Maria Larissa Pereira; Pinto, Sandro Ely de Souza

    2016-01-01

    Studies of social structures has been grown on the last years, because its sharing form and content creation attracted the public in general. Such structures are observed, as an example, in literary pieces. A featured author is J.R.R. Tolkien, with his books that describe a fictional world and its inhabitants. These books bring a narrative of the creation of the Middle-Earth and all of its mythology. His main pieces are: The Silmarillion, The Hobbit and The Lord of the rings, The objective of this article is the analysis of the social structures emerging of the conjunction of these works, where the social relations are described by the reference criteria, shared events and direct bonds, with the major centrality measures together with the structural entropy of first order. Enabling the doing of an analogy with the canonic ensemble of the mechanics statistics and enabling analyzing the degree of homogeneity of the bonds between the formed communities.

  18. Alfred Adler y la psicología académica / Alfred Adler and the academic psychology

    OpenAIRE

    Lück, Helmut E.; Universidad de Distancia-Hagen (Alemania)

    2016-01-01

    El presente trabajo tiene como tema las conflictivas relaciones entre Alfred Adler y la psicología académica de su época. La actitud ambivalente del fundador de la psicología individual fue causada, muy probablemente, por su fracaso para conseguir el permiso oficial para dictar clases en la Universidad de Viena, y se fortaleció por las actitudes decididamente antiacadémicas de algunos de sus seguidores. En el marco del presente estudio se contrasta esto con los planteamientos de dos important...

  19. Alfred Adler y la psicología académica / Alfred Adler and the academic psychology

    OpenAIRE

    Lück, Helmut E.; Universidad de Distancia-Hagen (Alemania)

    2016-01-01

    El presente trabajo tiene como tema las conflictivas relaciones entre Alfred Adler y la psicología académica de su época. La actitud ambivalente del fundador de la psicología individual fue causada, muy probablemente, por su fracaso para conseguir el permiso oficial para dictar clases en la Universidad de Viena, y se fortaleció por las actitudes decididamente antiacadémicas de algunos de sus seguidores. En el marco del presente estudio se contrasta esto con los planteamientos de dos important...

  20. The Alfred Nobel rocket camera. An early aerial photography attempt

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ingemar Skoog, A.

    2010-02-01

    Alfred Nobel (1833-1896), mainly known for his invention of dynamite and the creation of the Nobel Prices, was an engineer and inventor active in many fields of science and engineering, e.g. chemistry, medicine, mechanics, metallurgy, optics, armoury and rocketry. Amongst his inventions in rocketry was the smokeless solid propellant ballistite (i.e. cordite) patented for the first time in 1887. As a very wealthy person he actively supported many Swedish inventors in their work. One of them was W.T. Unge, who was devoted to the development of rockets and their applications. Nobel and Unge had several rocket patents together and also jointly worked on various rocket applications. In mid-1896 Nobel applied for patents in England and France for "An Improved Mode of Obtaining Photographic Maps and Earth or Ground Measurements" using a photographic camera carried by a "…balloon, rocket or missile…". During the remaining of 1896 the mechanical design of the camera mechanism was pursued and cameras manufactured. In April 1897 (after the death of Alfred Nobel) the first aerial photos were taken by these cameras. These photos might be the first documented aerial photos taken by a rocket borne camera. Cameras and photos from 1897 have been preserved. Nobel did not only develop the rocket borne camera but also proposed methods on how to use the photographs taken for ground measurements and preparing maps.

  1. Governing Civil Service Pay in China, by Alfred M. Wu. Copenhagen: NIAS Press, 2014. xvi+236 pp

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brødsgaard, Kjeld Erik

    2016-01-01

    Book review of: Governing Civil Service Pay in China by Alfred M. Wu. Copenhagen: NIAS Press, 2014.......Book review of: Governing Civil Service Pay in China by Alfred M. Wu. Copenhagen: NIAS Press, 2014....

  2. Reconceptualizing the Archetypal Trickster in Audre Lorde's Zami: A New Spelling of My Name.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saber, Yomna

    2015-01-01

    Carl Jung categorizes the trickster as a psychological archetype and sets certain parameters for it. This article examines Audre Lorde's trickster Afrekete in Zami: A New Spelling of My Name (1982) and poses the question of how typically archetypal a Black, female, lesbian trickster can be. Lorde occupies an idiosyncratic position in the canon in terms of race, gender, and sexual orientation. She bestows new qualities on her trickster coming from the peripheries she dwells in and challenges the Jungian model. Through Afrekete's linguistic dexterity and sexual identity, Lorde transforms the trickster from being seemingly innocuous into a figure of resistance grounded in lesbian erotica.

  3. Forming contracts without offer and acceptance, Lord Denning and the harmonisation of English contract law

    OpenAIRE

    Stone, Richard

    2012-01-01

    English contract law has traditionally used the requirement of a matching offer and acceptance as the means of identifying agreement. A more flexible approach was proposed by Lord Denning in several cases in the 1970s, but firmly rejected by the House of Lords in Gibson v Manchester City Council [1979] 1 WLR 294. More recently there have been some suggestions of a revival of Lord Denning’s approach, culminating in the decision of the Supreme Court in RTS Flexible Systems Ltd v Molkerei Alois ...

  4. Guinevere's choice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nesse, M H

    1995-06-01

    This paper examines four retellings of the Arthurian legend of Guinevere and Lancelot from a bio-evolutionary perspective. The historical and social conditions which provide contexts for the retellings are described, and those conditions are related to underlying male and female reproductive strategies. Since the authors of the selected texts, Chrétien de Troyes, Thomas Malory, Alfred Lord Tennyson, and William Morris, are all male, the assumption is made that these versions of the legend reflect male reproductive preoccupations and encode male attitudes toward femaleness in general and toward female adultery in particular.

  5. Stroke, music, and creative output: Alfred Schnittke and other composers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zagvazdin, Yuri

    2015-01-01

    Alfred Schnittke (1934-1998), a celebrated Russian composer of the twentieth century, suffered from several strokes which affected his left cerebral hemisphere. The disease, however, did not diminish his musical talent. Moreover, he stated that his illness in a way facilitated his work. The composer showed amazingly high productivity after his first and second injuries of the central nervous system. The main topic of this chapter is the effect of strokes on Schnittke's output, creativity, and style of music. A brief biography of the composer with the chronology of his brain hemorrhages is included. In addition, the influence of cerebrovascular lesions on creative potential of other prominent composers such as Benjamin Britten, Jean Langlais, Vissarion Shebalin, Igor Stravinsky, and Ira Randall Thompson is discussed.

  6. Alfred Tarski early work in Poland—geometry and teaching

    CERN Document Server

    McFarland, Joanna; Smith, James

    2014-01-01

    Alfred Tarski (1901–1983) was a renowned Polish/American mathematician, a giant of the twentieth century, who helped establish the foundations of geometry, set theory, model theory, algebraic logic, and universal algebra. Throughout his career, he taught mathematics and logic at universities and sometimes in secondary schools. Many of his writings before 1939 were in Polish and remained inaccessible to most mathematicians and historians until now. This self-contained book focuses on Tarski’s early contributions to geometry and mathematics education, including the famous Banach–Tarski paradoxical decomposition of a sphere as well as high-school mathematical topics and pedagogy. These themes are significant since Tarski’s later research on geometry and its foundations stemmed in part from his early employment as a high-school mathematics teacher and teacher-trainer. The book contains careful translations and much newly uncovered social background of these works written during Tarski’s years in Poland....

  7. Alfred P. Dachnowski and the scientific study of peats

    Science.gov (United States)

    Landa, E.R.; Cohen, K.M.

    2011-01-01

    Botanist Alfred Paul Dachnowski (1875–1949) was a major contributor to efforts at mapping organic soils in the United States during the early 20th century. He began his career at The Ohio State University, and spent most of his professional life at the U.S. Department of Agriculture in Washington, DC. His work spanned a diversity of topics, including bog ecology and the ecosystem services provided by wetlands, the mapping and chemical characterization of peat, and the commercial applications of peat. We present a biography and overview of his work. Dachnowski is best known today for the peat sampler that bears his name. The details of its operation are described here, and its place in modern peat studies is discussed.

  8. Alfred Kroeber and the concept of the superorganic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marko Škorić

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Alfred Kroeber was a student of Franz Boas, and thus Boas' influence is visible in some aspects of Kroeber's relationship towards biology. However, in the theoretical sense, Kroeber's biggest contribution is the re-formulation of Spencer's concept of the superorganic which Kroeber used to analyze the notion of culture. The paper analyzes Kroeber's version of the superorganic, the critique he received for it as well as the latter (supposed change in his theoretical position. Also, in Kroeber's anthropological system the classification of sciences and the configurations which are tightly connected to earlier articulations of the superorganic are of importance. Finally, the harmful consequences of such an understanding when it comes to anthropology and its connection to biology and evolution are pointed out.

  9. A sociologia fenomenológica de Alfred Schutz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fábio Fonseca de Castro

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper develops a bio-bibliographical review of the thought of Alfred Schutz and his project to set up a phenomenological sociology. Schutz's work operates at the confluence of Weber's comprehensive sociology with Husserl's phenomenology and can be understood from the perspective of an anti-essentialist theory whose main assumption is the rejection of a full rationality of the real. His proposal is to reestablish, phenomenologically, comprehensive sociology. However, in order to do it, it was necessary to develop a critique of Husserl¿s transcendental egology and put the theme of subjectivity in a sociological perspective, establishing the matrix of the idea of intersubjectivity -- something that goes beyond the mere constellation of individual subjectivities, inherent in Husserl's thought. Schutz's thought presents a solution to the problem of intersubjectivity in sociology by building the core framework of a phenomenological sociology.

  10. Vertigo, poetry and creed of Alfred Hitchcock's cinema

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael J. Pascual

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available In this article we analyse the film Vertigo -undoubtedly one of the North-American film di- rector Alfred Hitchcock’s masterpiece- as an audiovisual poem we could identify with such a characteristic and defining name as film-poetry. We will try to show some elements very typical of cinema -the use of the light, colour, and music, the aesthetic treatment of image and the camera movement- they all aspects that in- fluence -as well as does plot- the rhythm, form and content in the same way as a poem does, in order to place cinema at the same level as poetry. We will try to describe in a very essential way the relations between cinema and arts such as music, painting and literature.

  11. Alfred O.C. Nier (1911”1994)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldich, Samuel S.

    Alfred O.C. Nier was a friendly, helpful person who got along remarkably well with people from all walks of life. For the scientific community, his work opened new possibilities for discovery in many fields. His skill in designing and operating mass spectrometers and in interpreting the data brought him worldwide recognition.Nier was born in St. Paul, Minnesota on May 28, 1911, and lived most of his life in the state. He earned three degrees from the University of Minnesota: a Bachelor of Engineering, 1931; an M.S. in electrical engineering, 1933; and a Ph.D. in physics, 1936. For his doctoral research, Nier measured the relative abundance of the isotopes of Ar, K, Zn, Rb, Cd [Nier, 1936].

  12. From cosmic chirality to protein structure: Lord Kelvin's legacy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barron, Laurence D

    2012-11-01

    A selection of my work on chirality is sketched in two distinct parts of this lecture. Symmetry and Chirality explains how the discrete symmetries of parity P, time reversal T, and charge conjugation C may be used to characterize the properties of chiral systems. The concepts of true chirality (time-invariant enantiomorphism) and false chirality (time-noninvariant enantiomorphism) that emerge provide an extension of Lord Kelvin's original definition of chirality to situations where motion is an essential ingredient thereby clarifying, inter alia, the nature of physical influences able to induce absolute enantioselection. Consideration of symmetry violations reveals that strict enantiomers (exactly degenerate) are interconverted by the combined CP operation. Raman optical activity surveys work, from first observation to current applications, on a new chiroptical spectroscopy that measures vibrational optical activity via Raman scattering of circularly polarized light. Raman optical activity provides incisive information ranging from absolute configuration and complete solution structure of smaller chiral molecules and oligomers to protein and nucleic acid structure of intact viruses.

  13. Lord Byron's death: a case of late malarial relapse?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsiamis, Costas; Piperaki, Evangelia Theophano; Kalantzis, George; Poulakou Rebelakou, Effie; Tompros, Nikolaos; Thalassinou, Eleni; Spilipoulou, Chara; Tsakris, Athanassios

    2015-09-01

    The study examines the pathological circumstances related to Byron's death, the primary issue being malaria. Lord Byron died during the Greek War of Independence against the Ottoman Empire, in Messolonghi on 19 April 1824. Byron's medical profile consists of recurrent onsets of fever, which gave rise to the issue of malaria relapses. According to Byron's letters he reported crises of fever in Greece (1810), Malta (1811), Italy (1817-1819) and England. Evidence from Byron's autopsy, specifically the absence of hepatosplenomegaly, does not support a hypothetical diagnosis of malaria. Nonetheless, the relapsing fevers cannot be ignored and the same applies to the possibility of malaria relapse or re-infection in line with the endemic nature of the Messolonghi area. Our research on the chronologies of Byron's reported fevers found that new attacks occurred at intervals of 540 days on average. Moreover, the most outstanding feature of Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium ovale is their ability to form dormant forms of hypnozoites in the liver which, when reactivated (110-777 days), cause true relapses of clinical disease. Of course, an ex post facto diagnosis is under debate, because the diagnosis is not clinical but microscopic. Byron's example raises alarm over a current medical problem, i.e. the diagnosis of unexplained fevers, and the need for a detailed travel or immigration history, which will include malaria in the differential diagnosis.

  14. [Alfred Ritscher. Reval an der schwelle zur neuzeit. T. 2] / Paul Kaegbein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaegbein, Paul

    2006-01-01

    Arvustus: Ritscher, Alfred. Reval an der schwelle zur neuzeit. T. 2: Vom tode Wolters von Plettenberg bis zum Untergang des Deutschen Ordens in Livland (1535-1561). Bonn: Kulturstiftung der deutshen Vertriebenen 2001. (Historische Forschungen).

  15. Kuidas Alfred Adler läks tülli Sigmund Freudiga / Aivar Kull

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kull, Aivar, 1955-

    1996-01-01

    Arvustus: Adler, Alfred. Inimesetundmine : Inimeste iseloomude peategurid ja nende areng / Tlk. Debora Hint. 2.tr. Tln. : Kupar, 1995. Vaata ka: Kull, Aivar. Kulli pilk. - Tartu : Ilmamaa, 2005, lk. 97-100

  16. Kuidas Alfred Adler läks tülli Sigmund Freudiga / Aivar Kull

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kull, Aivar, 1955-

    1996-01-01

    Arvustus: Adler, Alfred. Inimesetundmine : Inimeste iseloomude peategurid ja nende areng / Tlk. Debora Hint. 2.tr. Tln. : Kupar, 1995. Vaata ka: Kull, Aivar. Kulli pilk. - Tartu : Ilmamaa, 2005, lk. 97-100

  17. [Alfred Ritscher. Reval an der schwelle zur neuzeit. T. 2] / Paul Kaegbein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaegbein, Paul

    2006-01-01

    Arvustus: Ritscher, Alfred. Reval an der schwelle zur neuzeit. T. 2: Vom tode Wolters von Plettenberg bis zum Untergang des Deutschen Ordens in Livland (1535-1561). Bonn: Kulturstiftung der deutshen Vertriebenen 2001. (Historische Forschungen).

  18. The appreciation of The love song of J·Alfred Prufrock By T·S·Eliot

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢丽湘

    2007-01-01

    The love song of J·Alfred Prufrock isa love song and it manifest the writer internal sensitive emotion. This sions, and irony. The poem represents another Hamlet who is the representative of hesitation.

  19. Prufrock:a Representative of the Modern Manin The Love Song of J.Alfred Prufrock

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戴嘉萱

    2014-01-01

    As a representative figure of modern poets, the works of T. S. Eliot display the intense feature of modernity. Therefore, this paper aims to analyze the modern characteristics lie in Prufrock in the Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock.

  20. Archive of Geosample Information from the Alfred-Wegener-Institut (AWI) Core Repository

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Alfred-Wegener-Institut (AWI) made a one-time contribution to the Index to Marine and Lacustrine Geological Samples (IMLGS) database of metadata describing 1820...

  1. Prospects for ultrahigh-energy particle observation based on the lunar orbital LORD space experiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryabov, V. A.; Chechin, V. A.; Gusev, G. A.; Maung, K. T.

    2016-08-01

    The problem of searching for highest-energy cosmic rays and neutrinos in the Universe is reviewed. Possibilities for using the radio method for detecting particles of energies above the GZK cut-off are analyzed. The method is based on the registration of coherent radio emission produced by cascades of most energetic particles in radio-transparent lunar regolith. The Luna-Resurs Orbiter space mission to be launched in the near future (2020) involves the Lunar Orbital Radio Detector (LORD). The design of the LORD space instrument and its scientific potentialities for registration of low-intense cosmic ray particle fluxes of energies above the GZK cut-off up to 1024eV are discussed. The designed LORD module (including the antenna, amplification, and data-acquisition systems) now is under construction. Exposure and capabilities of the LORD space experiment for detection of ultrahigh-energy cosmic rays and neutrinos have been compared with those for well-known current and proposed experiments. The LORD space experiment will make it possible to obtain important information on the highest-energy particles in the Universe, to verify modern models for the origin and the propagation of ultrahigh-energy cosmic rays and neutrinos.

  2. The Victoria and Alfred Waterfront as playground for Capetonians

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanette Ferreira

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The paper contributes to the exploration and understanding of the social geographies of public space in the Victoria & Alfred Waterfront (V&AW in Cape Town. The aim is to understand Capetonians’ (visitors and employees perceptions of the V&AW as public, leisure, shopping and working spaces. The appropriate literature on waterfront developments in providing public, working and leisure space is reviewed. Two questionnaire surveys (visitors and employees as well as eight unstructured interviews with important role players in the tourism industry of Cape Town were conducted. Findings revealed the most important reasons for Capetonians to visit or use certain spaces in the V&AW, the public open spaces they liked and how they perceived the V&AW as an inclusive space. The research also sought the respondents’ views on how the certain public spaces can be improved; what new activities and retail shops can be introduced; their opinions about the affordability of restaurants and parking; and how the V&AW can improve to cater for the needs of the Waterfront’s employees. Recommendations are made for making the V&AW more functional and accessible to Capetonians.

  3. Relevance as Social Matrix of Attention in Alfred Schutz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enrico Campo

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Attention is a critical faculty in contemporary Western societies. What is surprising is the fact that attention has been mainly analyzed as an individual phenomenon. Scientific research that treats attention exclusively on the individual level simplifies an enormously complex situation. Instead, according to the idea defended in this essay, one cannot think of attention and perception without regard for cultural conventions and social norms. This article therefore proposes to investigate attention precisely in its social dimension. In particular, the specific objective is to highlight the contribution Alfred Schutz’s theory of systems of relevance can give to the understanding of the social mechanisms that regulate attention. In order to demonstrate the viability of the Schutzian proposal, here are discussed some recent perspectives that explore the mechanisms of the social regulation of attention. The article will briefly revisit these contributions that explicitly investigate intersubjective and collective attention, and will focus especially on the proposals of Eviatar Zerubavel and Yves Citton. Then is analyzed the role of attention in the theoretical edifice of Schutz, to focus on the relationship between attention and systems of relevance.

  4. Time, intersubjectivity, and musical relationship in Alfred Schutz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Riccardo Venturini

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In this work I tackle certain aspects of the relationship between time and intersubjectivity in Alfred Schutz. I present a summary of the methodological architecture of the Austrian sociologist, outlining the specificity of the relationship between time and consciousness. I discuss the treatment of the musical experience as an example of the peculiar declination of a series of temporal dynamics connected to the intersubjective creation of meanings. Finally, I set out some thoughts related to the debate on the relationship between time, intersubjectivity and music in Schutz. The musical relationship is a context endowed with meaning, not the object of conceptualization, that allows us to identify in a paradigmatic way the relationship between the subjective sense and experience of the other. The theory of appresentation of Schutz is the center of the process of constitution of meaning of the understanding of the other. The emergence of meaning is related to the dynamics of the passive and active poles of the consciousness and the constitution, in the we-relation, of a radically intersubjective dimension that exceeds the Cartesian distinction between inside and outside.

  5. Alfred Binet and experimental psychology at the Sorbonne laboratory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nicolas, Serge; Sanitioso, Rasyid Bo

    2012-11-01

    Between 1892 and 1904, Alfred Binet (1857-1911) produced, in the psychology laboratory of the Sorbonne, a whole set of original works that still remains little known today. He integrated the laboratory, directed by the psychophysiologist Henry Beaunis (1830-1921), in 1891. We describe the circumstances that led Binet to take the direction of this laboratory in 1895 and present scientific investigations that were conducted there by Binet and his collaborators. For Binet, the laboratory was not narrowly limited to a set of rooms where experiments were conducted by means of sophisticated devices (experimental psychology), it was also a working area, regularly organized, where all the psychological documents were classified, whatever their origin (descriptive psychology). We show that Binet was a pioneer who is still little recognized in various areas of experimental psychology. Binet suffered, at the time, from the indifference of his contemporaries, but he especially regretted not being able to attract students to his laboratory due to the absence of diploma-offering programs. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved).

  6. At home among strangers: Alfred Russel Wallace in Russia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levit, Georgy S; Polatayko, Sergey V

    2013-12-01

    Alfred Russel Wallace (1823-1913) was an influential figure within Russian pre-Synthetic evolutionary biology, i.e. the time period before the Synthetic Theory of Evolution was established (ca. 1880-1930s). His major works were translated into Russian and his general ideas were read and discussed by both insiders and outsiders of scientific evolutionism. At the same time, Wallace played a controversial role in the growth of Darwinism in Russia, and Charles Robert Darwin (1809-1882) has eclipsed Wallace in his influence on Russian evolutionary thinking. In this paper we briefly outline Wallace’s impact on Russian pre-Synthetic scientific evolutionism and its general intellectual climate. We demonstrate that both Russian pro-Darwinian evolutionists and anti-Darwinians (scientific anti-Darwinians as well as creationists) were fully aware of Wallace’s contributions to the development of evolutionary theory. Yet, Wallace’s radical selectionism, as well as his controversial arguments for “design in nature”, predetermined his special place within the Russian intellectual landscape.

  7. Alfred binet and the concept of heterogeneous orders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michell, Joel

    2012-01-01

    In a comment, hitherto unremarked upon, Alfred Binet, well known for constructing the first intelligence scale, claimed that his scale did not measure intelligence, but only enabled classification with respect to a hierarchy of intellectual qualities. Attempting to understand the reasoning behind this comment leads to an historical excursion, beginning with the ancient mathematician, Euclid and ending with the modern French philosopher, Henri Bergson. As Euclid explained (Heath, 1908), magnitudes constituting a given quantitative attribute are all of the same kind (i.e., homogeneous), but his criterion covered only extensive magnitudes. Duns Scotus (Cross, 1998) included intensive magnitudes by considering differences, which raised the possibility (later considered by Sutherland, 2004) of ordered attributes with heterogeneous differences between degrees ("heterogeneous orders"). Of necessity, such attributes are non-measurable. Subsequently, this became a basis for the "quantity objection" to psychological measurement, as developed first by Tannery (1875a,b) and then by Bergson (1889). It follows that for attributes investigated in science, there are three structural possibilities: (1) classificatory attributes (with heterogeneous differences between categories); (2) heterogeneous orders (with heterogeneous differences between degrees); and (3) quantitative attributes (with thoroughly homogeneous differences between magnitudes). Measurement is possible only with attributes of kind (3) and, as far as we know, psychological attributes are exclusively of kinds (1) or (2). However, contrary to the known facts, psychometricians, for their own special reasons insist that test scores provide measurements.

  8. Alfred Binet and the Concept of Heterogeneous Orders†

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michell, Joel

    2012-01-01

    In a comment, hitherto unremarked upon, Alfred Binet, well known for constructing the first intelligence scale, claimed that his scale did not measure intelligence, but only enabled classification with respect to a hierarchy of intellectual qualities. Attempting to understand the reasoning behind this comment leads to an historical excursion, beginning with the ancient mathematician, Euclid and ending with the modern French philosopher, Henri Bergson. As Euclid explained (Heath, 1908), magnitudes constituting a given quantitative attribute are all of the same kind (i.e., homogeneous), but his criterion covered only extensive magnitudes. Duns Scotus (Cross, 1998) included intensive magnitudes by considering differences, which raised the possibility (later considered by Sutherland, 2004) of ordered attributes with heterogeneous differences between degrees (“heterogeneous orders”). Of necessity, such attributes are non-measurable. Subsequently, this became a basis for the “quantity objection” to psychological measurement, as developed first by Tannery (1875a,b) and then by Bergson (1889). It follows that for attributes investigated in science, there are three structural possibilities: (1) classificatory attributes (with heterogeneous differences between categories); (2) heterogeneous orders (with heterogeneous differences between degrees); and (3) quantitative attributes (with thoroughly homogeneous differences between magnitudes). Measurement is possible only with attributes of kind (3) and, as far as we know, psychological attributes are exclusively of kinds (1) or (2). However, contrary to the known facts, psychometricians, for their own special reasons insist that test scores provide measurements. PMID:22912619

  9. Alfred Binet and the concept of heterogeneous orders

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joel eMichell

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available In a comment, hitherto unremarked upon, Alfred Binet, well known for constructing the first intelligence scale, claimed that his scale did not measure intelligence, but only enabled classification with respect to a hierarchy of intellectual qualities. Attempting to understand the reasoning behind this comment leads to an historical excursion, beginning with the ancient mathematician, Euclid and ending with the modern French philosopher, Henri Bergson. As Euclid explained (Heath, 1908, magnitudes constituting a given quantitative attribute are all of the same kind (i.e., homogeneous, but his criterion covered only extensive magnitudes. Duns Scotus (Cross, 1998 included intensive magnitudes by considering differences, which raised the possibility (later considered by Kant (Sutherland, 2004 of ordered attributes with heterogeneous differences between degrees (heterogeneous orders. Of necessity, such attributes are non-measurable. Subsequently, this became a basis for the quantity objection to psychological measurement, as developed first by Tannery (1875 and then by Bergson (1889. It follows that for attributes investigated in science, there are three structural possibilities: (1 classificatory attributes (with heterogeneous differences between categories; (2 heterogeneous orders (with heterogeneous differences between degrees; and (3 quantitative attributes (with thoroughly homogeneous differences between magnitudes. Measurement is possible only with attributes of kind (3 and, as far as we know, psychological attributes are exclusively of kinds (1 or (2. However, contrary to the known facts, psychometricians, for their own special reasons insist that test scores provide measurements.

  10. Alfred Adler, pioneer in prevention of mental disorders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ansbacher, H L

    1990-09-01

    Alfred Adler (1870-1937) one of the four original members of what was to become the Vienna Psychoanalytic Society, was the first to accept a humanistic-educational model of man in contrast to Freud's medical model of man. This was in line with his deep involvement with prevention; in fact his original interest was in medical prevention. The present paper describes how his work touched on all the points of the contemporary field of psychological prevention. He developed a personality theory most suitable for application in prevention, education and brief psychotherapy. He identified various categories of children at risk. He advocated the right to abortion partly to prevent the birth of a child severely at risk by being unwanted. He considered the then existing dominance of the male sex to be damaging to both sexes. He engaged in practical prevention work by addressing general audiences and especially teachers and by the establishment of and participation in Educational Counseling Centers. He felt that the honest psychologist for reasons of prevention is bound to social advocacy, and that a true psychology of mental health merges into a corresponding world philosophy. These points are fully documented with quotations and references.

  11. Coral reproduction on the world’s southernmost reef at Lord Howe Island, Australia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Baird, Andrew H.; Cumbo, Vivian R.; Gudge, Sallyann

    2015-01-01

    Despite a recent expansion in the geographic extent of coral reproductive research, there remain many regions in the Indo-Pacific where knowledge is limited. For example, Lord Howe Island is the southernmost reef system in the world (31° S); however, very little is known of the reproductive biology...... of the coral fauna. Here, aspects of the reproductive biology and the timing of reproduction for 40 of the approximately 65 species that occur on Lord Howe Island are documented. In December 2010, field assessments of the stage of gamete maturity in Acropora spp. colonies suggested that 5 species spawned...

  12. Individuation Process from Patnato Patusan——An Archetypal Analysis of Lord Jim%Individuation Process from Patnato Patusan An Archetypal Analysis of Lord Jim

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈敏

    2007-01-01

    This paper is devoted to the discussion of Joseph Conrad's novel, Lord Jim, based on Jungian psychological theory of the collective conscious and archetype and views the hero's Jim's journey from sea to forest as a metaphor of inner quest. The archetypal approach to this novel will help illuminate the "Jim-myth" as a microcosmic window to the macrocosmic view of modern man's isolation and introspection in search of individual identity.

  13. Edmund Burke's "Letter to a Noble Lord": A Textual Study in Political Philosophy and Rhetorical Action.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Browne, Stephen H.

    1988-01-01

    Analyzes Edmund Burke's "Letter to a Noble Lord," noting that it not only reflects Burke's character, but also represents a significant example of the public letter as a rhetorical form and illustrates Burke's concern for the alignment of principle with public action. (MM)

  14. Music, Myth, and Education: The Case of "The Lord of the Rings" Film Trilogy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jorgensen, Estelle R.

    2010-01-01

    In probing the interrelationship of myth, meaning, and education, the author offers a case in point, notably, Peter Jackson's film adaptations and Howard Shore's musical scores for J. R. R. Tolkien's "The Lord of the Rings trilogy"--"The Fellowship of the Ring," "The Two Towers," and "The Return of the King." Intersecting literature, film, and…

  15. THE DIALECTIC OF LORD AND SLAVE IN HEGEL AND ITS IMPACT ON MARXISM AND LACANIAN PSYCHOANALYSIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcio Gimenes de Paula

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this article is analyses the dialetics of the lord and the slave second Hegel and his repercussion in the marxism and psychoanalysis. For this objective the thematic will be limited to analyses a little portion of Phenomenology of Mind where will be affirmed this thesis and his interpretation second Lima Vaz, Kojève, Hyppolite and Lacan.

  16. The "Lord of the Rings": Affective Approaches to Teaching Literature. DRICE (Development & Research in Confluent Education).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hillman, Aaron

    This paper was intended to be read to a class or group of people who will in turn respond to the directions given in the paper. It is an attempt to merge the affective and cognitive experiences of literature in order to provide a more meaningful experience while studying J.R.R. Tolkien's trilogy, "The Lord of the Rings." The directions…

  17. The "Lord of the Rings"--A "Mythos" Applicable in Unsustainable Times?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morgan, Alun

    2010-01-01

    This article explores the relevance of J.R.R. Tolkien's "The Lord of the Rings" to environmental education and contemporary concerns about social and environmental injustices. It presents an account of the relationship between Tolkien's environmental biography and those aspects of the story that highlight the connection between his personal…

  18. A Study to Simon’s Archetypal image in Lord of the Flies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周静

    2014-01-01

    This paper analyzes Simon in Lord of the Flies from the perspective of archetypal image by applying for the concept of Displacement proposed by Frye and shows the readers the Christ-like character-Simon, who is a saint, a prophet as well as a Christian martyr.

  19. Lord of the Flies Community College: A Case Study of Organizational Disintegration. ASHE Annual Meeting Paper.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooper, Joanne; Kempner, Ken

    This case study investigated the organizational culture of a community college and how it both contributed to and prevented organizational chaos during a period of change. The study made use of themes from William G. Golding's novel, "Lord of the Flies," to analyze the setting. The period of change started with the arrival of several top…

  20. The enduring legacy of Alfred Gilman senior (1908-1984) to pharmacology and clinical medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rubin, Ronald P

    2016-09-28

    Alfred Gilman was best known for his co-authorship with Louis Goodman of the seminal textbook on pharmacology The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics in 1941. The book made the discipline of pharmacology relevant to clinical medicine by providing a link between the basic medical sciences and the practice of medicine. Gilman was also instrumental in establishing the use of chemotherapy in the treatment of cancer and made important contributions in areas related to renal function, acid-base balance, and diuretics. During the 1960s, he created a first rate department at the newly formed Albert Einstein College of Medicine. A superb lecturer, he commented incisively on issues related to pharmacology, therapeutics, and pathophysiology. Dr Gilman also provided a key link between academia and the pharmaceutical industry by serving as a consultant to several drug firms. The legacy of Alfred Gilman senior was continued by his son, Alfred Goodman Gilman, who became a Nobel Laureate. © The Author(s) 2016.

  1. Variations sur Une promenade de Bélial d'Alfred Le Poittevin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Vercruysse

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available À partir de remarques sur Une promenade de Bélial, conte philosophique d'Alfred Le Poittevin, cet article tente de proposer quelques éléments de réflexion pour éclairer la "mystique du style" de Flaubert à partir de la notion de métempsycose, au cœur du texte de Le Poittevin, ainsi qu’à travers le concept de « conatus » dû à Spinoza, référence discutée par Alfred et Gustave.

  2. Confessions of a serial entrepreneur: a conversation with Alfred E. Mann. Interview by Molly Joel Coye.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mann, Alfred E

    2006-01-01

    In this wide-ranging interview, Alfred Mann describes the activities of several medical technology enterprises with which he is engaged. Several of them are companies that he formed; one is a nonprofit foundation, the Alfred E. Mann Foundation for Biomedical Engineering, founded to establish research-oriented institutes on a dozen university campuses and support their work in developing marketable innovations. Mann discusses the need to consider the cost implications of technology, in the context of U.S. health system reform, and describes several important innovations that have emerged from his companies over the years.

  3. The Archaeology and Pottery of Nazca, Peru. Alfred L. Kroeber's 1926 Expedition. Alfred L Kroeber and Donald Collier. edited by Patrick H. Carmichael, Walnut Creek: Altamira Press, 1998

    OpenAIRE

    David L. Browman

    2000-01-01

    This volume is the much delayed publication of the results of the Second Marshall Field Archaeological Expedition to Peru in 1926, sponsored by the Field Museum of Natural History in Chicago, and con­ducted by Alfred Kroeber(1876-1960). It contains some useful short "history of the discipline" remarks both in the preface by Carmichael and in the draft introduction to the original manuscript by Kroeber and Collier. Dona...

  4. Obituary: James Alfred Van Allen, 1914-2006

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ludwig, George H.; McIlwain, Carl Edwin

    2006-12-01

    James Alfred Van Allen, world-renowned space scientist, died 9 August 2006 at the age of ninety-one. He succumbed to heart failure after a ten-week period of declining health. Van Allen served for his entire sixty-seven-year professional career as an amazingly productive researcher, space science spokesman, inspired teacher, and valued colleague. The realization by him and his associates that charged particles are trapped by the Earth's magnetic field began a whole new field of research, magnetospheric physics. Following that initial discovery, he and his associates quickly extended their observations, first to the inner planets, and then to the rest of the planets and beyond. During his tenure at Iowa, he and his group flew instruments on more than sixty successful Earth satellites and planetary spacecraft, including the first missions to the planets Venus, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune. Van Allen's lifetime publication list numbers more than 275, of which many are widely-cited, seminal papers. He was the sole author of more than 125 of those papers. Beyond the research laboratory, Van Allen worked energetically throughout his career in establishing space research as a new branch of human inquiry. He was among the most sought-after as a committee member and adviser, working at the highest levels of government, including the White House and Congress, and at all levels of the national and international research establishments. Many presentations in the non-scientific arena helped to bring the exciting discoveries and challenges of space research to the attention of the general public. James Van Allen (Van to his many friends and colleagues) was born on 7 September 1914 on a small farm near Mount Pleasant, Iowa, the second of four sons of Alfred Morris Van Allen and Alma Olney Van Allen. After high school in Mount Pleasant, he entered Iowa Wesleyan College, majoring in physics and graduating summa cum laude. While there, he was introduced to geophysics

  5. Periodic Reactions: The Early Works of William C. Bray and Alfred J. Lotka

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cervellati, Rinaldo; Greco, Emanuela

    2017-01-01

    Oscillating chemical reactions in the homogeneous phase have been studied intensively only since the mid-1960s, but they were known since 1920, having as forerunners the chemist William C. Bray and an "atypical" chemist Alfred J. Lotka. This contribution is the result of a careful reading of their literature and patient research into…

  6. Frank Buchman's Moral Re-Armament and Alfred Korzybski's General Semantics: A Comparison and Contrast.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drake, H. L.

    This paper hypothesizes that Frank Buchman and Alfred Korzybski were aware of each other and made some comments--written or orally--about each other's work. Support for this hypothesis was developed by concentrating on correspondence, documents, and interviews relative to the two men. The paper also provides documentation about Buchman and…

  7. An Antihero's soliloquy A Freudian analysis of the Love Song of J.Alfred Prufrock

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵金凤

    2008-01-01

    T.S Elliot's the Love Song of J Alfred Prufrock is just Prufroek's soliloquy revealing his divided self between passion and timidity.A Freudian analysis of the poem demonstrates the true nature of the protagonist,making modem western people's alienation,anxiety and despair and the decay of culture in the modem western world perceivable.

  8. A fenomenologia social de Alfred Schutz e sua contribuicao para a enfermagem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Cristina Pinto de Jesus

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available O cuidado de enfermagem pode ser considerado uma ação social que tem como cenário o mundo cotidiano, onde são estabelecidas relações intersubjetivas que devem ser valorizadas pelo enfermeiro nos diversos contextos em que atua. Estudo teórico que teve como objetivo destacar as principais concepções da fenomenologia social de Alfred Schütz e sua contribuição para a Enfermagem como área de conhecimento e prática profissional. As seguintes questões nortearam este estudo: qual a compreensão do cuidar em Enfermagem sob a ótica da fenomenologia social de Alfred Schütz? Como aplicar as concepções teóricas de Alfred Schütz na ação de cuidar em Enfermagem? Foram demarcadas tais concepções e a interface destas com a Enfermagem. Ao incorporar à Enfermagem conceitos da teoria da ação social elaborados por Alfred Schütz, este estudo permite ao enfermeiro valorizar e aplicar os aspectos apontados por este referencial teórico no âmbito assistencial, no ensino e na investigação científica.

  9. [The social phenomenology of Alfred Schütz and its contribution for the nursing].

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Jesus, Maria Cristina Pinto; Capalbo, Creusa; Merighi, Miriam Aparecida Barbosa; de Oliveira, Deise Moura; Tocantins, Florence Romijn; Rodrigues, Benedita Maria Rêgo Deusdará; Ciuffo, Lia Leão

    2013-06-01

    Nursing care can be considered a social action that is set in the everyday world, where intersubjective relations are established and must be valued by the nurse in the different contexts in which it acts. It is a theoretical study which aimed to highlight the main concepts of the social phenomenology of Alfred Schütz's and its contribution to Nursing as a knowledge and professional practice field. The following questions guided this study: what is the understanding of caring in Nursing from the perspective of the social phenomenology of Alfred Schütz's? How to apply Alfred Schütz's theoretical concepts in the action of caring in Nursing? The theoretical concepts of the social phenomenology and their interface with Nursing were delimited. By incorporating the concepts of the t theory of social action developed by Alfred Schütz into Nursing, this study allows nurses to value and apply the aspects highlighted by this theoretical framework within healthcare, education and scientific research.

  10. Why Community Works: The Use of Alfred Adler's Individual Psychology as a Foundational Theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glenn, Robert K.; Keith, Edwin M.

    2002-01-01

    Asserts that the Individual Psychology of Alfred Adler should be used as a foundational theory for student affairs work. The success of community building programs is explained and the concepts of Individual Psychology are summarized. Also asserts that the current drive to develop programs to develop community on college campuses is firmly rooted…

  11. Dipingere la strada: Edward Hopper, Stuart Davis, Alfred Leslie, Edward Ruscha

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viviana Bucarelli

    2010-12-01

    tradition of novels and stories, movies, songs and photographic images represented the road, yet very few are the artists who developed the theme in painting. Edward Hopper, Stuart Davis, Alfred Leslie, Edward Ruscha are, among a few others, some luminous exceptions.

  12. Why Community Works: The Use of Alfred Adler's Individual Psychology as a Foundational Theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glenn, Robert K.; Keith, Edwin M.

    2002-01-01

    Asserts that the Individual Psychology of Alfred Adler should be used as a foundational theory for student affairs work. The success of community building programs is explained and the concepts of Individual Psychology are summarized. Also asserts that the current drive to develop programs to develop community on college campuses is firmly rooted…

  13. 78 FR 19009 - Gary Alfred Shearer, M.D.; Decision And Order

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-28

    ... apply the principle of law that holds such a motion may be granted in an administrative proceeding if no... Enforcement Administration Gary Alfred Shearer, M.D.; Decision And Order On February 4, 2013, Administrative... registrant cannot collaterally attack the result of a state criminal or administrative proceeding in...

  14. Continuation of the New England Orogen, Australia, beneath the Queensland Plateau and Lord Howe rise

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mortimer, N.; Hauff, F.; Calvert, A.T.

    2008-01-01

    Greywacke, argillite, greyschist and hypabyssal igneous rocks have been obtained from an Ocean Drilling Program core on the Queensland Plateau and from xenoliths in a volcanic breccia dredged from the crest of the Lord Howe Rise. Low to intermediate detrital quartz contents, 260-240 Ma K-Ar ages, and only moderately radiogenic Sr and Nd isotope compositions, suggest a correlation with the New England Orogen of eastern Australia, rather than with Australia's Lachlan Orogen or other adjacent geological provinces. Our results indicate that the New England Orogen terranes continue towards New Zealand at least as far as the southern Lord Howe Rise. The projected offshore boundaries of the major east Australian orogens are now known with more confidence, and do not appear to require any major cross-orogen offsets.

  15. Episodes of reef growth at Lord Howe Island, the southernmost reef in the southwest Pacific

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woodroffe, C. D.; Dickson, M. E.; Brooke, B. P.; Kennedy, D. M.

    2005-12-01

    Lord Howe Island lies at the present latitudinal limit to reef growth in the Pacific and preserves evidence of episodes of reef development over the Late Quaternary. A modern fringing reef flanks the western shore of Lord Howe Island, enclosing a Holocene lagoon, and Late Quaternary eolianites veneer the island. Coral-bearing beach and shallow-water calcarenites record a sea level around 2-3 m above present during the Last Interglacial. No reefs or subaerial carbonate deposits occur on, or around, Balls Pyramid, 25 km to the south. The results of chronostratigraphic studies of the modern Lord Howe Island reef and lagoon indicate prolific coral production during the mid-Holocene, but less extensive coral cover during the late Holocene. Whereas the prolific mid-Holocene reefs might appear to reflect warmer sea-surface temperatures, the pattern of dates and reef growth history are similar to those throughout the Great Barrier Reef and across much of the Indo-Pacific and are more likely correlated with availability of suitable substrate. Little direct evidence of a Last Interglacial reef is now preserved, and the only evidence for older periods of reef establishment comes from clasts of coral in a well-cemented limestone unit below a coral that has been dated to the Last Interglacial age in a core at the jetty. However, a massive reef structure occurs near the centre of the wide shelf around Lord Howe Island, veneered with Holocene coralline algae. Its base is 40-50 m deep and it rises to water depths of less than 30 m. This fossil reef is several times more extensive than either Holocene or Last Interglacial reefs appear to have been. Holocene give-up reef growth is inferred during the postglacial transgression, but an alternative interpretation is that this is a much older landform, indicating reefs that were much more extensive than modern reefs at this marginal site.

  16. Gender, Race, Mobility and Performance in James McBride’s The Good Lord Bird

    OpenAIRE

    Yuan-Chin Chang

    2016-01-01

    In The Good Lord Bird, Onion’s gender passing and performance can be seen as fluid and transparent. Performance, mobility, fluid and constant change are themes and currents throughout the novel. The dramatic narrative feeds off tensions arising from race and gender and the ways in which related identities are experienced and performed. The current paper examines factors relating to performativity and identity in terms of race; in the case of Onion’s narrative these inform a specific kind of u...

  17. An Analysis of Archetypal Characters and Images on Lord of the Flies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱娟

    2012-01-01

      William Golding’s masterpiece, Lord of the Flies, enabled him to win the Nobel Prize in 1983. Golding considered this novel as a myth, since he applied plenty of archetypes from Greek mythology and the Bible to this novel. This thesis is to ana⁃lyze the main characters and images in it from a myth-archetypal perspective to reveal the author’s writing purpose.

  18. The strategic importance of top management resistance:Extending Alfred D. Chandler

    OpenAIRE

    Friesl, Martin; Kwon, Winston

    2016-01-01

    We investigate the role of top management resistance against bottom-up initiatives for strategic change. While resistance has been mostly considered leading to inertia and rigidity by maintaining a particular strategic path, some scholars make the counterintuitive point that resistance could also be a facilitator of change. In this essay, we argue that such a generative perspective of top management resistance has important implications for strategy research. To do so, we draw on Alfred D. Ch...

  19. [Alfred Adler and the psychology of aesthetic surgery in the United States].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilman, S L

    2002-01-01

    The quest for a psychological theory to explain the effects of aesthetic surgery reached its high point in the 1920s with the adoption of Alfred Adler's theory of the inferiority complex. The basis for this theory was Adler's early work in the psychological response of the body to disease and "degeneration". Aesthetic surgeons sought out the Adlerian model rather than a Freudian one as purely psychological while its roots, and their own theories, were clearly somatic in origin.

  20. Preface to The Diary of Vaslav Nijinsky by Alfred Adler, MD.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ansbacher, H L

    1981-07-01

    This is a previously unpublished work by Alfred Adler that was written in 1936 as a preface to The Diary of Vaslav Nijinsky. A theory of schizophrenia is described in which characteristic prepsychotic features, especially lack of social interest and oversensitivity to real and imagined slights, lead to increasing irrationalism and preoccupation with grandiose ideas. The establishment of a cooperative therapeutic relationship and the instilling of hope are presented as central factors for successful treatment.

  1. Charles Robert Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace: their dispute over the units of selection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruse, Michael

    2013-12-01

    Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace independently discovered the mechanism of natural selection for evolutionary change. However, they viewed the working of selection differently. For Darwin, selection was always focused on the benefit for the individual. For Wallace, selection was as much something of benefit for the group as for the individual. This difference is traced to their different background political-economic views, with Darwin in favor of Adam Smith's view of society and Wallace following Robert Owen in being a socialist.

  2. But my soul wanders, I demand it back : Lord Byron and Charlotte Smith's poetry in exile

    OpenAIRE

    Blanch Serrat, Francesca

    2015-01-01

    This TFG approaches the figure of the émigré as the key to understand the construction of Romantic heroism through the analysis of the emotional strains experienced by both Lord Byron and Charlotte Turner Smith during their time abroad. Exile is a refuge from the past they are both escaping, but they are unable to detach themselves from England. Their compositions allow us an insight into this internal fight. To accomplish the objective of analysing this struggle, I have chosen to undertake a...

  3. Commentary on text of interview with Professor Lord Ara Darzi: 'Desirable? Yes; but is it achievable?'.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferlie, Ewan

    2015-01-01

    This personal commentary explores some issues that arise in the text of the interview with Lord Darzi published in LJPC 6.6, from a point of view of an interest in health policy and change in healthcare organisations. It suggests that the vision is desirable but that there are four major questions about ready implementation that the field needs to consider: 1 Can primary care development and investment be protected in a cold financial climate? 2 Does the current marketisation of health care erode integration? 3 Does the health and social care system in London behave like a real system? 4 Is there really a cultural shift towards empowerment and organisational learning?

  4. To crimea via Belgrade: Thomas Fonblanque to Lord Raglan 1854-1855

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antić Čedomir

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Eleven letters sent to Lord Raglan, Commander-in-Chief of British troops in the Crimea in 1854 and 1855, by Thomas Fonblanque, British Consul General at Belgrade, constitute a little known group of documents that provided useful information for the Allied campaign in the Balkans and the Crimea. The paper, however, pays special attention to the Consul’s "Sanitary Memorandum", as it reflects the scope of interest and range of knowledge of the average British diplomat at the time.

  5. The Archaeology and Pottery of Nazca, Peru. Alfred L. Kroeber's 1926 Expedition. Alfred L Kroeber and Donald Collier. edited by Patrick H. Carmichael, Walnut Creek: Altamira Press, 1998

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David L. Browman

    2000-05-01

    Full Text Available This volume is the much delayed publication of the results of the Second Marshall Field Archaeological Expedition to Peru in 1926, sponsored by the Field Museum of Natural History in Chicago, and con­ducted by Alfred Kroeber(1876-1960. It contains some useful short "history of the discipline" remarks both in the preface by Carmichael and in the draft introduction to the original manuscript by Kroeber and Collier. Donald Collier (1911-1995, was curator at the Field Museum from 1941 to 1976, and was working with Kroeber in the late 1950s to help bring the report out, but work stopped with Kroeber's death in 1960. Carmichael ran across the unfinished manuscript in the Field Museum in 1986 while do­ing research on the Nazca assemblages as a graduate student, and with Collier's permission and assis­tance, reassembled the component parts and edited the manuscript for publication.

  6. THE COMMON HUMANE SHARING IN DIFFERENT MYTHOLOGIES OF THE LORD OF THE RINGS AND 1984

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aslı Bülbül CANDAŞ

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available John Ronald Reuel Tolkien's collection The Silmarillion, which is a utopic creation myth of Middle-earth, Valinor, Numenor and Beleriand, and his novel The Lord of the Rings, which is a saga taking place only in Middle-earth, seem to be completely irrelevant to George Orwell's dystopian world 1984 at first view but when they are examined in detail, two striking common points would be obvious that these myths support the idea of cultural variety's importance and they consist of a war against cultural dominance. In The Lord of the Rings, it is the battle and collaboration of cultures that makes sense in the mythological surrounding of the plot; the creatures come together to defend their cultural history against a single body; Sauron and the Orcs under his rule. As for 1984, the reader is presented with the struggle of a couple, Winston and Julia, to continue their cultural heritage against the dictatorship of Ingsoc which offers the society with an artificial and prototypical culture.

  7. Gender, Race, Mobility and Performance in James McBride’s The Good Lord Bird

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuan-Chin Chang

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available In The Good Lord Bird, Onion’s gender passing and performance can be seen as fluid and transparent. Performance, mobility, fluid and constant change are themes and currents throughout the novel. The dramatic narrative feeds off tensions arising from race and gender and the ways in which related identities are experienced and performed. The current paper examines factors relating to performativity and identity in terms of race; in the case of Onion’s narrative these inform a specific kind of understanding of a social and geographical situation that requires subversion. Through humor and satire, McBride creastes a powerful work with contemporary resonances. The drama of the novel is based on concepts of performativity and identity, and the understanding represented by the symbol of the “Good Lord” bird in the novel. McBride wrote the novel for a contemporary audience, knowing that they would be attuned to such issues surrounding racial performance and racial identity. In a way, the unusual literary depiction of a self-identified male who inhabits a female performed identity throughout the novel can be seen as McBride’s comment on the ridiculousness of a binary system of racial categorization as used since the slavery era. Using theories from Lacan, Butler and Bhabha, the current work examines the plurality and hybridity of performed identities in The Good Lord Bird as they relate to understanding.Keywords: gender and race, slavery, performativity, identity, satirical fiction

  8. Cuidar em oncologia na perspectiva de Alfred Schütz Cuidado en oncología segundo Alfred Schütz Oncological care according Alfred Schütz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Regina Célia Popim

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available O estudo foi realizado com enfermeiros oncológicos em seu cotidiano de trabalho. O objetivo foi compreender a ação subjetiva desses profissionais a partir de sua relação enfermeiro-doente. O referencial fenomenológico, fundamentado nas idéias de Alfred Schütz, possibilitou essa compreensão. Diante de uma questão orientadora: o que significa para você cuidar em oncologia? descreva para mim, foram obtidos depoimentos, os quais, depois de analisados, permitiram chegar ao típico da ação do cuidador enfermeiro neste cotidiano. O estudo revelou que cuidar em oncologia implica em lidar com o humano em situação de fragilidade; requer uma relação de afetividade; é um cuidado que traz consigo a gênese do desgaste profissional. O cuidado em oncologia reveste-se de grande complexidade, requerendo do profissional uma competência que vai para além da esfera técnico-científica. Nesse sentido, o enfermeiro necessita buscar por estratégias que lhe possibilitem o enfrentamento do desgaste a que é submetido em seu trabalho.El estudio fue realizado con enfermeros oncológicos en su cotidiano de trabajo. El objetivo fue comprender la acción subjetiva de esos profesionales desde la relación enfermero-enfermo. El referencial fenomenológico, fundamentado en las ideas de Alfred Schütz, posibilitó esa comprensión. Delante de una cuestión orientadora: ¿qué significa para usted el cuidado en oncología? Descríbame, se obtuvo declaraciones que, tras análisis, permitieron llegar a lo que es típico en la acción cotidiana del cuidador enfermero. El estudio reveló que cuidar en oncología implica tratar con el ser humano en situación de fragilidad; requiere una relación de afectividad; es un cuidado que trae consigo la génesis del desgaste profesional. El cuidado en oncología se reviste de gran complejidad y requiere del profesional una competencia que va más allá de la esfera técnico-científica. En ese sentido, el enfermero

  9. Alfred Marshall e a institucionalização da escola de economia

    OpenAIRE

    Pavon, Paula Regina

    2006-01-01

    A obra de Alfred Marshall (1842-1924), até o momento, foi pouco explorada no país. Em geral, Marshall aparece na historiografia econômica apenas como o autor da chamada escola marginalista ou neoclássica. Como o propósito do presente trabalho será dar maior visibilidade a esse autor, pareceu-nos que os passos iniciais não deveriam estar centrados na complexa discussão de suas teorias econômicas ou nos aspectos matemáticos das mesmas. Quanto a esse último item, o próprio Mars...

  10. La construcción de mundos imaginarios: la obra de Alfred Kubin

    OpenAIRE

    Cortés, José Miguel G.

    2014-01-01

    Recoge los trabajos presentados en el II Congreso sobre arte, literatura y cultura gótica urbana, celebrado en mayo 2013 en la Universidad Autónoma de Madrid La labor creativa de Alfred Kubin (1877-1959) se extiende a lo largo de varias décadas que se manifestaron repletas de innovaciones, cambios y rupturas políticas, sociales y culturales que dificulta cualquier tentativa de encorsetar o reducir su obra a espacios determinados o a ismos específicos. Aunque sus primeras obras ...

  11. Alfred Marshall y el Banco Central: política monetaria

    OpenAIRE

    Méndez Ibisate, Fernando

    1994-01-01

    Editada en la Fundación Empresa Pública Como resultado de sus contribuciones a la teoría monetaria, Alfred Marshall propuso una renovación institucional decisiva dentro del sistema monetario: defendió un sistema de banca central con argumentos más racionales que los de sus predecesores —especialmente Walter Bagehot— y concedió un papel mucho más importante a la autoridad monetaria en el control de la política monetaria (especialmente en la lucha anticíclica). Marshall no contempló el siste...

  12. Alfred Rosenberg und die Nordische Gesellschaft – Der „nordische Gedanke“ in Theorie und Praxis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Birgitta Almgren; Jan Hecker-Stampehl; Ernst Piper

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available This contribution traces the emergence, Gleichschaltung, expansion and demise of the Nordische Gesellschaft [Nordic Society] with a special focus on its leading protagonist Alfred Rosenberg. In the beginning of the article, the history of ideas and the organisa-tional foundations of the society are being set as a background. In the main part of the text the Nordische Gesellschaft’s activity during the “Third Reich” and under Rosenberg’s auspices is being analysed. Sources used comprise both archival material as well as the NG’s own publications

  13. Alfred Werner's role in the mid-20th century flourishing of American inorganic chemistry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Labinger, Jay A

    2014-01-01

    The development of organic and physical chemistry as specialist fields, during the middle and end of the 19th century respectively, left inorganic behind as a decidedly less highly regarded subfield of chemistry. Despite Alfred Werner's groundbreaking studies of coordination chemistry in the early 20th century, that inferior status remained in place - particularly in the US - until the 1950s, when the beginnings of a resurgence that eventually restored its parity with the other subfields can be clearly observed. This paper explores the extent to which Werner's heritage - both direct, in the form of academic descendants, and indirect - contributed to those advances.

  14. Visionen von Natur vor uns. Alfred Ehrhardt fotografiert und filmt Urformen der Natur

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sabine Wilke

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available What did nature look like before it was destroyed by modern civilization? That is a question that was at the center of modernist art photography. It also resonates today in the context of environmental debates. On the example of the art work of Bauhaus photographer and cinematographer Alfred Ehrhardt, the artistic project of portraying nature “before us” is analyzed as an aesthetic project that positions itself before and next to the Anthropocene, i.e., the geological concept that foregrounds a radical interconnectivity between humans and nonhuman nature in our post-industrial era of mankind.

  15. Images in Eliot’s The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    QUAN Chun-yan

    2015-01-01

    The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock is T.S. Eliot’s masterpiece, which marked the beginning of Eliot’s career as an in⁃fluential poet. Prufrock is the image of an ineffectual, sorrowful and depressed western man in twentieth century. Eliot used a lot of images to reveal the city as a wasteland, the tedious life of the western modern people, and the bewildered and split personality of western people. Eliot succeeds in reflecting inner world and spiritual state of modern people with the long, fragmented images, which influence future writers.

  16. [Doctor and poet as rivals. Sigmund Freud, Alfred von Berger and the narrative of female homosexuality].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldmann, Stefan

    2011-01-01

    Starting from a passage in the Dora case history where Freud suggests some differences between a literary and a clinical narrative of female homosexuality, this paper presents examples which he might have had in mind. Besides Balzac's "La fille aux yeux d'or" (1834/35) it is in particular Alfred v. Berger's novella "Die Italienerin [The Italian woman]" (1904) which may have served as a model and counterpoint to the literary strategies used in Freud's case history. Freud had a relationship of long standing with Berger. This newly discovered source may provide a clue for the date at which Freud finalized the Dora manscript which he had held back for years.

  17. "Two Roads to Middle Earth": Comparing Visualization of J. R. R. Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings and Peter Jackson's The Lord of the Rings Cinematic Trilogy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jennifer Grek Martin

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available

    When comparing a much-loved novel to a cinematic adaptation, many people will say, “the book was better.” Even so, some of the same people remember scenes from the movie more vividly. Why? Building on Martin Barker’s (2006 study of audience visualization, this paper examines Peter Jackson’s film adaptation of J. R. R. Tolkien’s

    The Lord of the Rings through DVD “making-of documentaries,” and compares Jackson’s cinematic vision with Tolkien’s original work. The nature of film means adapting a textual work relies more on maintaining certain essential qualities of the original story, rather than a “page by page” rendering. Film may solidify a reader’s visualization of these essential qualities by reinforcing similar images, or by forcing the reader to choose between their own images and those suggested in film adaptation.

  18. Banal cosmopolitanism and The Lord of the Rings: the limited role of national differences in global media consumption

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kuipers, G.; de Kloet, J.

    2009-01-01

    Comparative reception studies are generally built around the expectation to find national cultural differences. Using data from a comparative study on The Lord of the Rings, Return of the King, this paper investigates the role of nationality in the reception of global media texts. Analysis of differ

  19. CONTRIBUIÇÕES DA SOCIOLOGIA FENOMENOLÓGICA DE ALFRED SCHUTZ PARA A COMUNICAÇÃO

    OpenAIRE

    Kieling,Camila Garcia

    2014-01-01

    Contribuições da sociologia fenomenológica de Alfred Schutz para a Comunicação Resumo: Este artigo introduz alguns conceitos da sociologia fenomenológica de Alfred Schutz (1899-1959) e relaciona-os com o campo da Comunicação, tomando como base a obra A Teoria da Comunicação de Alfred Schutz, de João Carlos Correia (2005). Essa matriz teórica interessa-se pelas relações entre a consciência humana e a definição da realidade através da produção e da partilha intersubjetiva de significados. Nesse...

  20. Power in Jeopardy: A Poststructuralist Reading of the Arthurian Legend from Malory’s Le Morte d’Arthur and Tennyson’s Idylls of the King to Tolkien’s The Lord of the Rings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Timuçin Buğra Edman

    2015-12-01

    Semiotics and Linguistics. Simply, it can be defined as something which has a meaning other than itself. Therefore, conventionally, a sign is assumed to transmit information to the one who understands or deciphers it1 and signified2 elements. Signifieds intended or ultimate logos to be reflected through signifier have become clichés. Henceforth, this situation hinders the creativity of the contemporary writer, John Ronald Reuel Tolkien, who has experienced both modernism and postmodernism. An updated deconstruction of Romance and Epic and their referents by J.R.R. Tolkien in his The Lord of the Rings is a strong anti-thesis of the old principles of authorship. The signifiers Tolkien uses do not yield a single conventional signified, although they refer to the sub-creation, in which unique characters and events were created in a peculiar world, that is, Middle-earth. Besides, Tolkien, inspired by Camelot and the Arthurian legends of both Sir Thomas Malory’s Le Morte d’Arthur and Alfred, Lord Tennyson’s Idylls of the King, deconstructs the conventional signifieds in his works.

  1. A Strange Cartography: Leylines, Landscape and “Deep Mapping” in the Works of Alfred Watkins

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James Thurgill

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available In 1921 the photographer, antiquarian and amateur archaeologist Alfred Watkins, delivered his newly formed thesis on the origins of ancient alignments in the west of England to the Woolhope Naturalists’ Field Club of Hereford. Watkins posited a correlation between ancient forts, moats, mounds, churches, trees and place names, which he had shown to produce straight lines running across the landscape. In 1922 Watkins published his first book on the subject, Early British Trackways, mixing amateur archaeology, social history and supposition to introduce what Watkins named “leylines” and setting out the guidelines for other would-be ley hunters. This paper explores Watkins’ ley hunting as a practice of “deep mapping”, examining its use as an applied spatial engagement with the hidden trajectories of the landscape. In addition to providing a concise cultural history of the leyline, with particular reference to the works of Alfred Watkins, this paper develops a critical engagement with ley-walking through an auto-ethnographic response to a leyline that has been mapped and walked in Norfolk, England.

  2. Comprehensive approach of nursing: possibility of interpretation based on alfred schutz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pétala Tuani Candido de Oliveira Salvador

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Refletir acerca da abordagem compreensiva da enfermagem a partir do referencial teórico de Alfred Schutz. Métodos: Estudo reflexivo, tecido à luz da fenomenologia sociológica compreensiva de Alfred Schutz. Resultados: São tecidas reflexões sobre a interpretação do cuidado de enfermagem a partir dos conceitos chave de Schutz, destacando-se: o cuidar a partir da tipificação do outro, que reconhece o mundo vida cotidiano dos sujeitos, que busca a intersubjetividade e que estabelece uma relação face a face. Reflete-se ainda acerca dos motivos-para e motivos-porque da prática de enfermagem. Conclusão: Conclui-se que a tipificação da prática de enfermagem traduz-se na compreensão de uma profissão essencialmente complexa, que se fundamenta no cuidar como elemento medular de suas práticas.

  3. A Modernist Approach to T.S Eliot’s The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock

    OpenAIRE

    Samet Güven

    2015-01-01

    A Modernist Approach to T.S Eliot’s “The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock" Abstract  T.S. Eliot’s The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock carries the characteristics of modernist poetry such as objective correlative, fragmentation, free verse and irregular rhyming. It suggests a direct break with English romantic poets such as Coleridge and Wordsworth (Levis 75). Sara Thorne states that unlike the Romantic poets, Eliot attempts to convey the essence of life; and the content represents actu...

  4. Differences between cultural and religious tourist profiles. The Lord of Earthquakes in Patate (Ecuador

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José M. Lavín

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available The studies on cultural tourism have determinate a series of profiles for cultural tourism. However, in recent times, the specifications on variants existing within cultural tourism make these profiles may not be very useful when defining and conceptualize this type of tourism. To verify this emptiness, we have studied a religious festivity in Patate, central zone of the Ecuadorian sierra of the Andes, very popular in all the country, to measure the reliability of the standards of the tourist profiles. To this end, a survey was conducted among religious tourists who attended the Lord of Earthquake celebrations on the profile and patterns chosen for the study. The conclusions indicate that the profile of both types of tourist is different, and that measurements on the profile of the cultural tourist should be modified and expanded in this case.

  5. On Man's Potential for Evil——An Analysis of Lord of the Flies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡慧娟

    2007-01-01

    William Golding's Lord of the Flies presents the dark side of human nature through the experiences of a group of children cast away on a desert island. Free from the rules that adult society has formerly imposed on them, the boys struggle with the conflicting human instincts that exist within each of them-the instinct to work toward civilization and order and the instinct to descend into savagery and violence. Primarily focusing on the point of view of Ralph, the protagonist, the author gives us an access to Ralph's inner thoughts and exhibits his great emotional and psychological development throughout the novel. This paper attempts to analyze the process of how Ralph loses the battle of civilization against savagery and finally gains an understanding of man's potential for evil and thus probe into the theme of the novel: that evil or savagery is universally present in all people and requires constant resistance by civilization.

  6. A lesson for the future of our science my testimony on Lord Patrick M S Blackett

    CERN Document Server

    Zichichi, Antonio

    2016-01-01

    This unique volume contains a tribute to Lord Patrick M S Blackett through the testimony of Professor Antonino Zichichi, who was one of Blackett's pupils in the experiment at the Sphinx Observatory, Europe's highest lab (3580 meters a.s.l.), at Jungfraujoch. The book presents an overview of Blackett's most significant discoveries, such as the so called "vacuum polarization" effect, the first example of "virtual physics" and the "strange particles", that opened a new horizon towards the existence of the subnuclear universe. After discussing the profound implications of Blackett's pioneering contributions to Subnuclear Physics, the book also recalls his deep interest in the promotion of scientific culture. Blackett was firmly convinced that physicists must be engaged directly to let the people outside our labs know what the role of science is in the progress of our civilisation. In particular, according to Blackett and his friend Bertrand Russell, the Manhattan Project was the example of how the new frontiers o...

  7. Impacts of a population outbreak of the urchin Tripneustes gratilla amongst Lord Howe Island coral communities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valentine, J. P.; Edgar, G. J.

    2010-06-01

    Subtidal reef surveys within the Lord Howe Island Marine Park revealed that populations of the sea urchin Tripneustes gratilla underwent an explosive outbreak in some regions of the park over a 2-year period. This urchin was rare or absent during 2006 surveys at 33 sites studied, but at sites off northern Lord Howe Island in 2008, densities averaged >1.3 m-2. Dramatic increases in T. gratilla density (exceeding 4 m-2) were observed at some sites. We quantify community-level impacts of T. gratilla using ‘before-after’ and ‘control-impact’ data. Zones closed to fishing exhibited similar increases in T. gratilla density to zones open to fishing. Although not previously reported as a keystone species affecting coral habitat, T. gratilla was found to possess an ‘ecosystem engineer’ function. Outbreak sites were characterised by significant declines in cover of foliose algae, including red algae, which decreased from 11.2% in 2006 compared to 2.5% in 2008. Brown foliose algae also declined at sites where T. gratilla outbreaks occurred, averaging 20.4% in 2006 compared to 1.8% in 2008. By contrast, crustose coralline algal cover increased at sites where high T. gratilla densities were observed, from 2.7% in 2006 to an average of 42.6% in 2008. We found no clear indication of impacts on sessile invertebrates or flow-on effects to other levels of the food web, with no significant change in coral cover or densities of mobile invertebrates or fish populations associated with the T. gratilla outbreak.

  8. William Golding’s Apocalyptic Vision in Lord of the Flies and Pincher Martin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chatterjee Arnab

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Humanity has long been haunted by the notions of Armageddon and the coming of a Golden Age. While the English Romantic poets like Shelley saw hopes of a new millennium in poems like “Queen Mab” and “The Revolt of Islam”, others like Blake developed their own unique “cosmology” in their longer poems that were nevertheless coloured with their vision of redemption and damnation. Even Hollywood movies, like The Book of Eli (2010, rehearse this theme of salvation in the face of imminent annihilation time and again. Keeping with such trends, this paper would like to trace this line of apocalyptic vision and subsequent hopes of renewal with reference to William Golding’s debut novel Lord of the Flies (1954 and his Pincher Martin (1956. While in the former, a group of young school boys indulge in violence, firstly for survival, and then for its own sake, in the latter, a lonely, shipwrecked survivor of a torpedoed destroyer clings to his own hard, rock-like ego that subsequently is a hurdle for his salvation and redemption, as he is motivated by a lust for life that makes him exist in a different moral and physical dimension. In Lord of the Flies, the entire action takes place with nuclear warfare presumably as its backdrop, while Pincher Martin has long been interpreted as an allegory of the Cold War and the resultant fear of annihilation from nuclear fallout (this applies to Golding’s debut novel as well. Thus, this paper would argue how Golding weaves his own vision of social, spiritual, and metaphysical dissolution, and hopes for redemption, if any, through these two novels.

  9. An Analysis of Break,Break,Break Based on the Stylistic Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李瑶

    2014-01-01

    Break,Break,Break is a poem by Alfred Lord Tennyson, the Poet Laureate during the Queen Victoria's reign. This exquisite little poem is wel known for the poet’s grief-stricken feelings and heart-broken emotions over the premature death of his best friend, Arthur Henry Hal am. Most of the previous studies on this poem focus on the emotional level to consider it as an elegy, expressing sorrow and lamentation for the death of a particular person. However, in order to have a deep understanding in general, this paper analyzes the poem based on the stylistic theory, concerning on the phonological level and the grammatical level. It aims at helping the readers to cultivate a sense of appropriateness, to sharpen the understanding and appreciation of literary works and to achieve adaptation in translation.

  10. A Stylistic Analysis of Break,Break,Break

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李瑶

    2015-01-01

    Break, Break, Break is a poem by Alfred Lord Tennyson, the Poet Laureate during the Queen Victoria's reign. This exquisite little poem is wel known for the poet's grief-stricken feelings and heart-broken emotions over the premature death of his best friend, Arthur Henry Halam. Most of the previous studies on this poem focus on the emotional level to consider it as an elegy, expressing sorrow and lamentation for the death of a particular person. However, in order to have a deep understanding in general, this paper analyzes the poem based on the stylistic theory, concerning on the lexical level and the semantic level. It aims at helping the readers to cultivate a sense of appropriateness, to sharpen the understanding and appreciation of literary works and to achieve adaptation in translation.

  11. 75 FR 30427 - Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: University of Idaho, Alfred W. Bowers Laboratory...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-01

    ... Laboratory of Anthropology have determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(3)(B), the five cultural items... National Park Service Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: University of Idaho, Alfred W. Bowers Laboratory of Anthropology, Moscow, ID AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice. Notice...

  12. ‘Who Said It Was Simple!’ Third-Wave Feminist Coalition and Audre Lorde's Intersectionalist Hybrid Poetics of Difference

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yomna Saber

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Third-Wave Feminism digs its roots in intersectionality and coalition, which were not fully realised in Second-Wave Feminism. However, the movement is usually under attack for lacking a clear agenda. Recent scholarship strongly suggests that third wavers get back to third-world writers, like Audre Lorde, to realise an anti-racist and inclusive feminism.  Lorde occupies a distinctive position in feminist literature; a poet who resides in too many margins being black, female and lesbian. This essay draws an analogy between third wave intersectionality and postcolonial hybridity, and argues that Lorde's use of hybridity is a 'third space' that she opens up in her poetry to disrupt spheres of supremacy through its interdependence and reciprocal construction that defy dualisms, hence realising coalition. The analysis is anchored by HomiBhabha's definition of hybridity in colonial discourse. Key Words: Third-Wave Feminism, intersectionality, hybridity, dualism, Audre Lorde, HomiBhabha.

  13. Before New Big Science: Alfred O. C. Nier and the Resurrection of Mass Spectrometry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Joseph

    2017-01-01

    The mass spectrometer found its first success as a means to determine the isotopic masses and constitutions of chemical elements. As the last known elements were analyzed, its future in physics and chemistry laboratories was in doubt. From the 1940s to the 1960s, however, the mass spectrometer transformed from an instrument built for a specific purpose into a flexible analytical tool that brought together researchers from disciplines across the natural sciences. This talk examines that transition through the career of Alfred Otto Carl Nier, the University of Minnesota mass spectroscopist who was instrumental in both finding new realms where his favored tool could be applied and in building an interdisciplinary community around it. It argues that the reinvention of the mass spectrometer that Nier helped effect prefigured a similar transition in accelerator laboratories, which Catherine Westfall and Robert P. Crease have called ``New Big Science,'' some decades later.

  14. Algumas considerações sobre a sociologia de Alfred Schutz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Márcio Nicory Costa Souza

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1806-5023.2012v9n1p1 O presente artigo apresenta algumas considerações sobre a perspectiva sociológica de Alfred Schutz. Para tal, tecemos breves considerações sobre a fenomenologia, em especial a partir das contribuições de Husserl. Trata-se, portanto, de um esforço para o entendimento de sua importância para as Ciências Sociais. Primeiramente, apresentamos as influências constitutivas do pensamento de Schutz, bem como suas principais ferramentas analíticas. Em seguida, pensando no “fazer ciência”, procedemos para reflexões analíticas da proposta de uma Sociologia Interpretativa.

  15. COMIC AGENTS: FROM A POETIC TO AN ANTHROPOLOGICAL PARADIGM OF COMEDY (ARISTOTLE AND ALFRED GELL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ANNA KAWALEC

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Aristotle was concerned with the comedy genre as a kind of poetry. Its creators, the comic poets, interested him only marginally. This genological approach to its subject-matter dominated the theory and philosophy of art for subsequent centuries as evidenced by the subsequent elaborations of interpretations of Aristotle’s catharsis. The alternative approach focused instead on subjects as creators of art. As a consequence of the long-term development of anthropocentrism in the humanities, however, this approach took over. The “ performative turn” represents its more recent version. It allows one to interpret Poetics and other classical works not in the context of an object (comedy, but in the context of the acting subject. I claim that social anthropology further explores the concept of comedy and itself presumes it in its conceptual foundations and research approach. I elaborate the argument on the basis of the concept of the “spirit of comedy” coined by Alfred Gell .

  16. Alfred Russel Wallace's medical libertarianism: state medicine, human progress, and evolutionary purpose.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flannery, Michael A

    2015-01-01

    Alfred Russel Wallace (1823-1913), naturalist and explorer of South America and the Malay Archipelago, secured his place in history by independently discovering the theory of natural selection. His letter outlining the theory was sent from Ternate in eastern Indonesia and received at Down House, according to Charles Darwin (1809-82), on June 18, 1858, prompting the now-famed evolutionist to rush his languishing manuscript to press. Wallace's contributions to evolutionary biology, biogeography, and anthropology are well known, but his medical views have received far less attention. Within the context of a strident populist antivaccination movement and an ominous elitist eugenics campaign, Wallace took his stand, which revealed itself in a libertarianism that defended traditional socialist constituencies (the working poor, the lumpenproletariat, and feminist reformers) against state-mandated medical interventions. Rather than viewing Wallace as a heterodox contrarian, this article argues that his positions were logical outgrowths of his medical libertarianism and evolutionary and social theories.

  17. Capturing the will: Imposture, delusion, and exposure in Alfred Russel Wallace's defence of spirit photography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitchell, Benjamin David

    2014-06-01

    The co-discoverer of natural selection, Alfred Russel Wallace, found himself deeply embroiled in a range of controversies surrounding the relationship between science and spiritualism. At the heart of these controversies lay a crisis of evidence in cases of delusion or imposture. He had the chance to observe the many epistemic impasses brought about by this crisis while participating in the trial of the American medium Henry Slade, and through his exchanges with the physiologist William Benjamin Carpenter and the psychical researcher Frederic Myers. These contexts help to explain the increasing value that Wallace placed on the evidence of spirit photography. He hoped that it could simultaneously break these impasses, while answering once and for all the interconnected questions of the unity of the psyche and the reliability of human observation.

  18. Discussion of Alfred Alder's preface to The Diary of Vaslav Nijinsky.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ansbacher, H L

    1981-07-01

    In his preface to The Diary of Vaslav Nijinsky, Alfred Adler (1) found his theory of the dynamics of schizophrenia supported in the Diary, (2) alluded to Nijinsky's prepsychotic personality, and (3) briefly touched on the possibility and conditions of recovery. To add to the understanding of Adler's "Preface," this discussion (1) expands his theory of schizophrenia, (2) gives some concrete data of Nijinsky's prepsychotic personality, (3) describes two episodes of recovery subsequent to the "Preface," and (4) introduces an important aspect of Adler's theory, which he had to omit out of consideration for Nijinsky's wife, Romola-namely, her role in her husband's disorder. With the larger theoretical and historical context established. Adler's "Preface" can be appreciated for its predictive validity.

  19. The Molecular Pharmacology of G Protein Signaling Then and Now: A Tribute to Alfred G. Gilman.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sunahara, Roger K; Insel, Paul A

    2016-05-01

    The recent, unfortunate death of Alfred G. ("Al") Gilman, M.D., Ph.D., represents a sad signpost for an era spanning over 40 years in molecular pharmacology. Gilman's discoveries, influence, and persona were dominant forces in research and training in pharmacology. Here, we review the progression of ideas and knowledge that spawned early work by Gilman and collaborators (among them, one of the authors) and later efforts (including those of the other author) that have recently yielded a comprehensive and precise structural understanding of fundamental topics in pharmacology: the binding of ligands to G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) and the interaction of GPCRs with heterotrimeric G proteins and effector molecules. Those data provide new and important insights into the molecular basis that underlies affinity and efficacy, two of the most important features of drug action, which represent the latest chapter in the saga that Al Gilman's work helped launch.

  20. Alfred Francois Donné (1801-78): a pioneer of microscopy, microbiology and haematology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diamantis, Aristidis; Magiorkinis, Emmanouil; Androutsos, George

    2009-05-01

    Alfred François Donné is widely known in the scientific community as the discoverer of Trichomonas vaginalis, since he was the first to illustrate the parasite that later was recognized to cause vaginal infections. However, his other, less-known findings are equally important: he was also the inventor of the photoelectric microscope, with the assistance of his student Léon Foucault, as well as the first to apply photography to microscopic preparations (Daguerreotype). His research in microscopy extended to almost all human fluids that could be investigated and culminated in his famous Atlas, which was illustrated with numerous photographs. Donné was also the first to describe the microscopic appearances of leukaemia based on blood preparations acquired from patients. Finally, his work in the hygiene of child upbringing and nutrition is very significant.

  1. Saul Bass et Alfred Hitchcock : trois mariages et un enterrement

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Alfred Hitchcock n’a collaboré avec le fameux créateur de génériques Saul Bass que pour trois films seulement, mais cette brève association marque un sommet incontesté de l’art du générique. Après avoir étudié la contribution de Bass aux génériques de Vertigo (1958) et de North by Northwest (1959), l’article examine en détail le cas de Psycho (1960) et particulièrement la polémique concernant la possible responsabilité de Bass dans les scènes essentielles du meurtre sous la douche et de la mo...

  2. Audre's daughter: Black lesbian steganography in Dee Rees' Pariah and Audre Lorde's Zami: A New Spelling of My Name.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kang, Nancy

    2016-01-01

    This article argues that African-American director Dee Rees' critically acclaimed debut Pariah (2011) is a rewriting of lesbian poet-activist Audre Lorde's iconic "bio-mythography" Zami: A New Spelling of My Name (1982). The article examines how Rees' work creatively and subtly re-envisions Lorde's Zami by way of deeply rooted and often cleverly camouflaged patterns, resonances, and contrasts. Shared topics include naming, mother-daughter bonds, the role of clothing in identity formation, domestic abuse, queer time, and lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender legacy discourse construction. What emerges between the visual and written texts is a hidden language of connection--what may be termed Black lesbian steganography--which proves thought-provoking to viewers and readers alike.

  3. Relativity in Transylvania and Patusan: Finding the roots of Einstein's theories of relativity in "Dracula" and "Lord Jim"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tatum, Brian Shane

    This thesis investigates the similarities in the study of time and space in literature and science during the modern period. Specifically, it focuses on the portrayal of time and space within Bram Stoker's Dracula (1897) and Joseph Conrad's Lord Jim (1899-1900), and compares the ideas presented with those later scientifically formulated by Albert Einstein in his special and general theories of relativity (1905-1915). Although both novels precede Einstein's theories, they reveal advanced complex ideas of time and space very similar to those later argued by the iconic physicist. These ideas follow a linear progression including a sense of temporal dissonance, the search for a communal sense of the present, the awareness and expansion of the individual's sense of the present, and the effect of mass on surrounding space. This approach enhances readings of Dracula and Lord Jim, illuminating the fascination with highly refined notions of time and space within modern European culture.

  4. Arxius de l'Orde de Calatrava: papers de la Comanda de Borriana i Priorat de Santa Maria

    OpenAIRE

    Gil Vicent, Vicent

    1996-01-01

    A partir de l'inventari de la documentació que hom lliura amb motiu del canvi de Prior en 1771, es reconstrueix el contingut de l'arxiu del Priorat de Santa Maria i Comanda de Borriana de l'Orde de Calatrava a València, al mateix temps que s'amplia la informació referent a altres documents conservats i de les persones esmentades en la ressenya documental.

  5. "The Repressed", the Archaic and the Ugly: Returning Mythos in Audre Lord's Poetry and Theodor Adorno's Aesthetics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yomna Saber

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The ugly has long been foundered on the rocks of exclusion for the locus classicus of aesthetics rotates in the main around the beautiful, setting the ugly as an anathema. Hence, the lens through which the ugly was refracted had been negative and the ugly was destined to fall into the cracks of aesthetics. However, Theodor Adorno shifts the focus from the beautiful and inducts the ugly into the aesthetic canon from a different perspective that challenges many ideological calluses; in his philosophy the ugly is closely related to the return of myth in modern art. Audre Lorde equally refuses to ride the aesthetic wave or fall under its governance; to accomplish that she also resorts to myth. Although The Black Unicorn (1978, her magnum opus, teems with mythical tales, it has never been interpreted from the Adornian doctrine. Myriad readings tackled Lorde's use of mythology principally as an endeavor to forge an African and feminist identity.  By reading her poetry through Adorno's ugly, the article argues that Lorde's use of African myths performs the same aesthetic role Adorno assigns to the ugly in reflecting and resisting society.

  6. Simpson's Paradox, Lord's Paradox, and Suppression Effects are the same phenomenon – the reversal paradox

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tu, Yu-Kang; Gunnell, David; Gilthorpe, Mark S

    2008-01-01

    This article discusses three statistical paradoxes that pervade epidemiological research: Simpson's paradox, Lord's paradox, and suppression. These paradoxes have important implications for the interpretation of evidence from observational studies. This article uses hypothetical scenarios to illustrate how the three paradoxes are different manifestations of one phenomenon – the reversal paradox – depending on whether the outcome and explanatory variables are categorical, continuous or a combination of both; this renders the issues and remedies for any one to be similar for all three. Although the three statistical paradoxes occur in different types of variables, they share the same characteristic: the association between two variables can be reversed, diminished, or enhanced when another variable is statistically controlled for. Understanding the concepts and theory behind these paradoxes provides insights into some controversial or contradictory research findings. These paradoxes show that prior knowledge and underlying causal theory play an important role in the statistical modelling of epidemiological data, where incorrect use of statistical models might produce consistent, replicable, yet erroneous results. PMID:18211676

  7. Good grief: Lord of the Flies as a post-war rewriting of salvation history

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. van Vuuren

    2004-07-01

    Full Text Available Golding’s Lord of the Flies, first published in 1954, reflects a bleak sense of post-war pessimism. But with undue attention focused on its portrayal of original sin and the problem of evil, readings have often remained reductive. In this article it is argued that the novel’s symbolic narrative is polysemic and, when it is read as anagogic myth, may be seen to span Judaeo-Christian Heilsgeschichte or salvation history, rewriting its chapters of creation, Fall, the problem of evil, the failure of law, the hope of salvation, the mission of a messianic figure, and – in the clearest departure from the Biblical narrative – an ambiguous representation of his return. This study examines the novel’s often paradoxical symbolism using Frye’s phases of anagogic myth, with its poles of apocalyptic and demonic imagery. It traces the relation of symbols to their counterparts in Biblical narratives, drawn in particular from the symbolic writings of the origin and end of humanity, to elucidate Golding’s bleak but certainly not hopeless rewriting of the salvation story for a post-faith readership.

  8. Newmark's Procedures in Persian Translation of Golding's Lord of the Flies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Habibollah Mashhady

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Numerous frameworks and procedures have been proposed for translation. In this regard, the Newmark’s proposed procedures have been widely discussed in translation studies. Yet, few studies have ever applied his procedures simultaneously for describing and assessing translations. This paper is an attempt to compare the translation procedures used in two Persian translations of Golding's Lord of the Flies by Rafiee and Mansoori based on Newmark's translation procedures. The main question is if the translator’s procedures can be described and assessed by Newmark’s framework or not. To do so, first, some chapters of the English novel were randomly selected, and then, they were compared with their corresponding parts in the Persian translations. Then, comparisons were classified and analyzed in terms of transliteration, shift, synonymy, modulation, addition, omission, as well as mistranslation to find out which procedures were used more by the two translators, and to show the extent of the mistranslated items in the two translations. The results showed that Newmark’s procedures are nearly comprehensive and worked well for translating and assessing the translation of a literary work.

  9. Venerable or vulnerable: ageing and old age in JRR Tolkien's The lord of the rings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hogan, David B; Clarfield, A Mark

    2007-06-01

    An underappreciated aspect of The lord of the rings (TLOTR) by JRR Tolkien is in how the author dealt with death, longevity and ageing in the work. During his early years, Tolkien endured first the passing of both parents and then the deaths of most of his friends during the First World War. It was not surprising that a search for the meaning of life and death became a preoccupation of Tolkien. Tolkien's Roman Catholic faith underpinned his thoughts about mortality. He also found solace in Northern myths that held that there was intrinsic worth to courage in the face of our inevitable demise. Along with his colleague, CS Lewis, he took an opposing stand to JBS Haldane, Olaf Stapledon and other precursors of transhumanists, who felt that bioengineering would allow us to extend human life span virtually without limit. Although Tolkien acknowledged the urge to try to escape our mortality, TLOTR is a story about accepting the need to let go with all of the attendant regrets and sorrow.

  10. LORD OF THE FLIES: A NARRATIVE OF HUMAN ESSENCE AND THE DICTATORSHIP AGE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vedi AŞKAROĞLU

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Lord of the Flies is an anti-utopic (dystopic novel by the English author William Golding, who wrote about how human’s primitive aspect can peep out by portraying kids whose ages vary from 5 to 12 on a deserted island. That kids are chosen as the characters of the novel makes it possible to observe in an empirical way the human nature in its nakedness far away from civilization and what it offers with its norms, education and social intitutions. The island, as a space, is significant for it offers a clear vision of how primitive instincts can appear when there is no outside interference. In our article, first we have made a theoretical discussion on primitive aspect of humans and then analysed how they might become savage in a setting away from civilization. In our analysis, we have found out that human nature is likely to transgress into savagery in a setting devoid of laws, moral norms and social institutions. The reason why we have chosen such a topic is directly related to a need to better understand the recent devastating violance and hatred, which ravage our world and close geography in particular.

  11. Contribuciones de la fenomenologia de Alfred Schutz para las pesquisas sobre el SIDA: consideraciones epistemológicas y metodologicas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leandro Oltramari

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available The present article aims at discussing the contributions of Alfred Schutz's phenomenology to the field of research on sexual behavior and vulnerability to HIV/AIDS. First, na investigation of the main studies on vulnerability of HIV/AIDS in Brazil was carried out, along with a discussion on the main movement of the epidemic. Then, the phenomenological theory is discussed within the field of the social sciences based on the contributions by Alfred Schutz. Finally, a discussion on the epistemological and methodological application of the phenomenology in the studies on sexual behavior and risk of infection by HIV/Aids is presented, using categories as epoché and intersubjectivity.

  12. A Modernist Approach to T.S Eliot’s The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samet Güven

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available A Modernist Approach to T.S Eliot’s “The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock" Abstract  T.S. Eliot’s The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock carries the characteristics of modernist poetry such as objective correlative, fragmentation, free verse and irregular rhyming. It suggests a direct break with English romantic poets such as Coleridge and Wordsworth (Levis 75. Sara Thorne states that unlike the Romantic poets, Eliot attempts to convey the essence of life; and the content represents actual contemporary life rather than an escape from the grinding nature of reality (281. 'The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock’ exemplifies Thorne’s definition of Eliot’s poetic art clearly. The poem is about a middle-aged man who cannot make a progress in life and dare to approach women due to his timidity. Hence, the title of the poem is ironic since Prufrock never talks about his feelings of love throughout the poem. His indecisiveness is also caused by self-isolation from the society as a modern man. He finds himself in a society which is not different from a hell for him, so Eliot portrays the complexities of the modern world vividly through the inconsistent psychology of Prufrock. Elisabeth Schneider clarifies that 'The Love Song’ is more than a retreat from love, however; it is the portrait of a man in Hell, though until his truth is clearly realized, the hell appears to be merely the trivial one of the self-conscious individual in a sterile society (1104. Apart from the content, in the form Eliot uses objective correlative to relate feelings through the use of objects. The poem focuses on the dilemma caused by modern urban civilization and therefore, the purpose of this paper is to show how T.S. Eliot’s The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock reflects modernism in terms of its content and structure respectively.

  13. Biochar and Glomus caledonium Influence Cd Accumulation of Upland Kangkong (Ipomoea aquatica Forsk.) Intercropped with Alfred Stonecrop (Sedum alfredii Hance)

    OpenAIRE

    Junli Hu; Fuyong Wu; Shengchun Wu; Cheung Lung Lam; Xiangui Lin; Ming Hung Wong

    2014-01-01

    Both biochar application and mycorrhizal inoculation have been proposed to improve plant growth and alter bioaccumulation of toxic metals. A greenhouse pot trial was conducted to investigate growth and Cd accumulation of upland kangkong (Ipomoea aquatica Forsk.) intercropped with Alfred stonecrop (Sedum alfredii Hance) in a Cd-contaminated soil inoculated with Glomus caledonium and/or applied with biochar. Compared with the monocultural control, intercropping with stonecrop (IS) decreased kan...

  14. "We all go a little mad sometimes": Alfred Hitchcock, American psychoanalysis, and the construction of the Cold War psychopath.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Genter, Robert

    2010-01-01

    This article explores the image of the psychopath in Alfred Hitchcock’s 1960 film Psycho. The famed director’s portrayal of a psychologically damaged young man connected with a much larger discussion over political and sexual deviance in the early Cold War, a discussion that cantered on the image of the psychopath as the dominant threat to national security and that played upon normative assumptions about adolescent development and mother-son relations.

  15. The prominent absence of Alfred Russel Wallace at the Darwin anniversaries in Germany in 1909, 1959 and 2009.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hossfeld, Uwe; Olsson, Lennart

    2013-12-01

    It is well known that the contribution of Alfred Russell Wallace (1823-1913) to the development of the "Darwinian" principle of natural selection has often been neglected. Here we focus on how the three anniversaries to celebrate the origin of the Darwin-Wallace theory in Germany in 1909, in 1959 in the divided country, as well as in 2009, have represented Charles Robert Darwin's and Alfred Russell Wallace's contributions. We have analyzed books and proceedings volumes related to these anniversaries, and the main result is that Wallace was almost always ignored, or only mentioned in passing. In 1909, Ernst Haeckel gave a talk in Jena, later published under the title The worldview of Darwin and Lamarck (Das Weltbild von Darwin und Lamarck), but not as the Darwin-Wallace concept. Haeckel mentions Wallace only once. In two important proceedings volumes from the 1959 anniversaries, Wallace was ignored. The only fair treatment of Wallace is given in another book, a collection of documents edited by Gerhard Heberer, for which the author selected nine key documents and reprinted excerpts (1959). Three of them were articles by Wallace, including the Sarawak- and Ternate-papers of 1855 and 1858, respectively. An analysis of the dominant themes during the celebrations of 2009 shows that none of the six topics had much to do with Wallace and his work. Thus, the tendency to exclude Alfred Russell Wallace is an international phenomenon, and largely attributable to the "Darwin industry".

  16. The Lord of Rings - the mysterious case of the stolen rings: a critical analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sandrelli, S.

    The Lord of Rings - the mysterious case of the stolen rings: a critical analysis S. Sandrelli INAF - Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera, Milano, Italy (stefano.sandrelli@brera.inaf.it / Fax: 02 72001600 / Phone: +39 02 72320337) "The Lord of Rings - the mysterious case of the stolen rings" is a live astronomical role-playing game for kids aged 10 -13. Its goal is to introduce them to some of the main topics of the Solar System: a) the role of gravity; b) the distribution of mass & light; c) the effects of rotation; d) the distribution of water. The game was held both at the Perugia (2004) and the Genova Science Festival (2005), obtaining great success. Teams of about 6-8 members are introduced to Mr Schioppanelli, the astro-detective of the town (the name is a pun: it reminds Schiaparelli, the famous italian astronomer, and it is a slang expression meaning "ring-breaker"). Mr Schioppanelli has his office in an "gastronomical astronomical observatory", known as The Red Giant Pizzeria. Schioppanelli informs the kids that a mysterious Centaur succeded in stealing the rings of Saturn. The partecipants are appointed astro-detectives in-charge and asked to find the rings by browsing around the Solar System, which is scaled so as to fit the town historical centre or a pedestrian area, going from the Sun to Saturn or beyond, depending on the actual area at disposal. Great care must be taken allowing children playing only in a car-free area of the town. At the right scaled distances, the partecipants meet characters playing as the various planets. The kids can talk to them after solving a riddle, obtaining useful informations. A special characters play as a comet, timely going in and out of the inner solar system. The teams can also talk to some shepherd-moons of the rings. They easily discover that the rings were totally destroyed by the Centaur: a real disaster! They are also suggested to gather the necessary ingredients (gravity, light, rotation, inclination, dust and

  17. PLEITEAR CONTRA EL SEÑOR DEL CASTILLO Y BAJO SU JURISDICCIÓN. RESISTENCIAS DE LOS CAMPESINOS CATALANES FRENTE A LA SERVIDUMBRE DE LAS OBRAS DE CASTELL TERMENAT (SIGLOS XIV-XV)/Suing the Lord of the Castle in the Lord's Court. The Resistance of Catalan Peasants to the Obligation to Engage in Works of castell termenat (14th-15th Centuries)

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    I Monclús, Pere Benito

    2012-01-01

    .... Catalan peasants, who usually did not question the agricultural rents due to the lord of the castle that were fixed by local customs, fiercely and stubbornly resisted a personal servitude which they...

  18. The distribution of intra-genomically variable dinoflagellate symbionts at Lord Howe Island, Australia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilkinson, Shaun P.; Pontasch, Stefanie; Fisher, Paul L.; Davy, Simon K.

    2016-06-01

    The symbiotic dinoflagellates of corals and other marine invertebrates ( Symbiodinium) are essential to the development of shallow-water coral reefs. This genus contains considerable genetic diversity and a corresponding range of physiological and ecological traits. Most genetic variation arises through the accumulation of somatic mutations that arise during asexual reproduction. Yet growing evidence suggests that occasional sexual reproductive events also occur within, and perhaps between, Symbiodinium lineages, further contributing to the pool of genetic variation available for evolutionary adaptation. Intra-genomic variation can therefore arise from both sexual and asexual reproductive processes, making it difficult to discern its underlying causes and consequences. We used quantitative PCR targeting the ITS2 locus to estimate proportions of genetically homogeneous symbionts and intra-genomically variable Symbiodinium (IGV Symbiodinium) in the reef-building coral Pocillopora damicornis at Lord Howe Island, Australia. We then sampled colonies through time and at a variety of spatial scales to find out whether the distribution of these symbionts followed patterns consistent with niche partitioning. Estimated ratios of homogeneous to IGV Symbiodinium varied between colonies within sites (metres to tens of metres) and between sites separated by hundreds to thousands of metres, but remained stable within colonies through time. Symbiont ratios followed a temperature gradient, with the local thermal maximum emerging as a negative predictor for the estimated proportional abundance of IGV Symbiodinium. While this pattern may result from fine-scale spatial population structure, it is consistent with an increased susceptibility to thermal stress, suggesting that the evolutionary processes that generate IGV (such as inter-lineage recombination and the accumulation of somatic mutations at the ITS2 locus) may have important implications for the fitness of the symbiont and

  19. A economia e o melhoramento social: a agenda de reformas de Alfred Marshall

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Valladão de Mattos

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo visa a investigar alguns aspectos da filosofia social e econômica de Alfred Marshall. Argumenta-se que o combate à pobreza mobilizou sobremaneira o autor por ele considerá-la um mal que, além de infligir intenso sofrimento aos pobres, era responsável por boa parte de sua degradação física, moral e intelectual. Resgatar os homens, mulheres e crianças da miséria seria, assim, um pré-requisito para o melhoramento humano e social. Analisa-se, no artigo, a extensa agenda de reformas defendida por Marshall, que incluía o combate direto à pobreza e à indigência, mas também políticas educacionais, sanitárias, habitacionais, e de planejamento urbano. Argumenta-se que, apesar de, à primeira vista, parecerem uma miscelânea de medidas, analisadas em seu conjunto essas propostas se complementavam e visavam basicamente a romper o “círculo vicioso” da pobreza e, com isso, melhorar a vida e o caráter dos homens.

  20. Socialization, Language, and Scenic Understanding. Alfred Lorenzer's Contribution to a Psycho-societal Methodology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henning Salling Olesen

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The article is a guided tour to Alfred LORENZER's proposal for an "in-depth hermeneutic" cultural analysis methodology which was launched in an environment with an almost complete split between social sciences and psychology/psychoanalysis. It presents the background in his materialist socialization theory, which combines a social reinterpretation of the core insights in classical psychoanalysis—the unconscious, the drives—with a theory of language acquisition. His methodology is based on a transformation of the "scenic understanding" from a clinical to a text interpretation, which seeks to understand collective unconscious meaning in text, and is presented with an illustration of the interpretation procedure from social research. Then follows a brief systematic account of key concepts and ideas—interaction forms, engrams, experience, symbolization, language game, utopian imagination—with an outlook to the social theory connections to the Frankfurt School. The practical interpretation procedure in a LORENZER-based psycho-societal research is briefly summarized, emphasizing the role of the researcher subjects in discovering socially unconscious meaning in social interaction. Finally an outlook to contemporary epistemological issues. LORENZER's approach to theorize and research the subject as a socially produced entity appears as a psycho-societal alternative to mainstream social constructivism. URN: http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs1203229

  1. Alfred Walter Campbell and the visual functions of the occipital cortex.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macmillan, Malcolm

    2014-07-01

    In his pioneering cytoarchitectonic studies of the human brain, Alfred Walter Campbell identified two structurally different areas in the occipital lobes and assigned two different kinds of visual functions to them. The first area, the visuosensory, was essentially on the mesial surface of the calcarine fissure. It was the terminus of nervous impulses generated in the retina and was where simple visual sensations arose. The second area, the visuopsychic, which surrounded or invested the first, was where sensations were interpreted and elaborated into visual perceptions. I argue that Campbell's distinction between the two areas was the starting point for the eventual differentiation of areas V1-V5. After a brief outline of Campbell's early life and education in Australia and of his Scottish medical education and early work as a pathologist at the Lancashire County Lunatic Asylum at Rainhill near Liverpool, I summarise his work on the human brain. In describing the structures he identified in the occipital lobes, I analyse the similarities and differences between them and the related structures identified by Joseph Shaw Bolton. I conclude by proposing some reasons for how that work came to be overshadowed by the later studies of Brodmann and for the more general lack of recognition given Campbell and his work. Those reasons include the effect of the controversies precipitated by Campbell's alliance with Charles Sherrington over the functions of the sensory and motor cortices.

  2. Alfred Schutz’s main contributions to the field of economic reflection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Griselda López

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available For several decades, contemporary social theory has held a considerable misunderstanding around phenomenologically oriented sociology, which has undermined its heuristic potential and, as a consequence, has pushed its conclusions to a marginal place in current discussions. In contrast, our article aims to recover that hermeneutical framework in order to think economic phenomena such as the economic action and the order of the market processes. It is undeniable that Alfred Schutz’s work provides theoretical and methodological elements for the sociological analysis of the economic world. The linkages between Schutz-ian sociology and economic reflection vary widely, ranging from his formative stage within the context of the Mises Circle to the current recovery of his work by Economic Sociology. Within this framework, the aim of this work is to summarize Schutz’s main contributions to the field of economic reflection. The recovery and systematization of the Schutzian vocabulary -in the interface between sociology and economics- can contribute with new elements not only to think from a theoretical point of view but also to address economic phenomena empirically.

  3. BREASTFEEDING EXPERIENCED BY COLLEGE STUDENTS: CONTRIBUTIONS OF NURSING IN LIGHT OF THE PHENOMENOLOGY OF ALFRED SCHUTZ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karina Viana Ribeiro

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available O estudo teve como objeto o aleitamento materno na prática cotidiana da estudante de nível superior. Objetivo: captar as experiências vivenciadas pela estudante com o aleitamento materno durante a realização do curso de graduação. Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo qualitativo com enfoque na Fenomenologia Sociológica de Alfred Schutz, utilizando-se a entrevista fenomenológica. Os sujeitos foram estudantes de graduação que vivenciaram ou vivenciavam a gestação e/ou amamentação durante o curso de graduação numa universidade pública no Estado do Rio de Janeiro. Resultados: Surgiram as seguintes categorias: 1. Amamentar implica dificuldades para estudar; 2. Amamentar requer lançar mão de estratégias para continuar estudando e amamentando; 3. Amamentar precisa de apoio. Conclusões: Assim, o estudo é relevante por possibilitar a compreensão acerca do fenômeno amamentar no cotidiano da estudante e, a partir dele, discutir leis de proteção a essa população. Descritores: aleitamento materno, pesquisa qualitativa, enfermagem.

  4. Physiology Professor Alfred Fleisch (1892–1973 and His Legacy at the University of Tartu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leili Kriis

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Alfred Fleisch’s period as Professor of Physiology and Chemistry at the University of Tartu (1926–1932 was highlighted by outstanding achievements—here he constructed various original devices for studying respiration and blood circulation, published his research results in specialised key magazines together with his Estonian assistant and wrote concise literature reviews for the world’s most authoritative manuals. Fleisch’s research legacy had an important influence on the directions of post-World War II physiological research at the University of Tartu. World War II shaped the history of continents and the fate of many researchers but did not sever the connection between generations of scholars, as the example of Fleisch’s research legacy demonstrates. The University of Tartu Museum’s collection includes both a device constructed by Fleisch as well as locally made modifications based on his instruments that were constructed later. Both the objects and archive material found in the museum collection allow us to study the less examined aspects of this topic more thoroughly.

  5. Alfred Smith (1822-1898, pioneiro do turismo ornitológico em Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nuno Oliveira

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Desde cedo Portugal foi um destino de turismo ornitológico (ecoturístico e Alfred Smith foi um dos primeiros, senão o primeiro, turista a vir a Portugal, em 1868, motivado pelo interesse pelas aves. O livro que publicou contém uma lista inédita de aves de Portugal, que só encontrámos porque o bibliotecário da Academia de Ciências de Nova York acrescentou ao título, na ficha bibliográfica “com uma capítulo sobre as aves de Portugal, e uma lista de 235 espécies cuidadosamente determinadas”. Hoje o turismo ornitológico e o ecoturismo já se estão a desenvolver a bom ritmo e as espécies de aves ibéricas (a par da paisagem, da flora e da restante fauna constituem um produto turístico em que se deve apostar e que valoriza, essencialmente, as regiões do interior.

  6. Deciphering the evolution of birdwing butterflies 150 years after Alfred Russel Wallace

    Science.gov (United States)

    Condamine, Fabien L.; Toussaint, Emmanuel F. A.; Clamens, Anne-Laure; Genson, Gwenaelle; Sperling, Felix A. H.; Kergoat, Gael J.

    2015-01-01

    One hundred and fifty years after Alfred Wallace studied the geographical variation and species diversity of butterflies in the Indomalayan-Australasian Archipelago, the processes responsible for their biogeographical pattern remain equivocal. We analysed the macroevolutionary mechanisms accounting for the temporal and geographical diversification of the charismatic birdwing butterflies (Papilionidae), a major focus of Wallace’s pioneering work. Bayesian phylogenetics and dating analyses of the birdwings were conducted using mitochondrial and nuclear genes. The combination of maximum likelihood analyses to estimate biogeographical history and diversification rates reveals that diversity-dependence processes drove the radiation of birdwings, and that speciation was often associated with founder-events colonizing new islands, especially in Wallacea. Palaeo-environment diversification models also suggest that high extinction rates occurred during periods of elevated sea level and global warming. We demonstrated a pattern of spatio-temporal habitat dynamics that continuously created or erased habitats suitable for birdwing biodiversity. Since birdwings were extinction-prone during the Miocene (warmer temperatures and elevated sea levels), the cooling period after the mid-Miocene climatic optimum fostered birdwing diversification due to the release of extinction. This also suggests that current global changes may represent a serious conservation threat to this flagship group. PMID:26133078

  7. Stereochemistry of coordination compounds. From alfred werner to the 21st century.

    Science.gov (United States)

    von Zelewsky, Alex

    2014-01-01

    As a contribution to the scientific symposium, November 22nd, 2013, commemorating the Nobel Prize awarded to Alfred Werner in 1913, a presentation of the development of stereochemistry of coordination compounds during the past 120 years was given. Stereochemistry was fundamental to Werner's theory of coordination compounds. After Werner's death in 1919, stereochemistry in this field did not progress much further for almost 20 years, but then developed continuously. It was realized that stereochemical features of elements showing coordination numbers larger than four are responsible for an almost unlimited number of stereochemical possibilities, thus opening a molecular world of new structures. In the beginning of the 21st century, interest in the field rose again considerably, mainly due to the potential of stereoselective catalysis, and the self-assembly of supramolecular structures. An end of these developments is not in sight. Here an abbreviated version of the lecture is given. A PowerPoint(®) file, or a video of the presentation, can be downloaded.

  8. ANTES DE LA CIENCIA. EL SENTIDO COMÚN EN LA OBRA DE ALFRED SCHUTZ.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Belvedere

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available En este texto paso revista a las tesis de Alfred Schutz sobre el sentido común, reconstruyendo su posición en un doble sentido, genético y sistemático. En este marco, argumento que su posición va pasando de una consideración negativa del sentido común entendido como un modo de conocimiento distinto del conocimiento científico, de cuyas cualidades está desprovisto, a una consideración positiva, que hace de él no sólo el suelo de todo otro modo de conocimiento (incluido el científico sino también nuestro arraigo en el mundo de la actitud natural. Esta transformación es correlativa de un pasaje desde una perspectiva más epistemológica hacia una perspectiva más ontológica, donde el sentido común pasa de ser considerado como un modo específico de conocimiento a ser visto como el ámbito de nuestro arraigo en el mundo y el suelo de toda consideración ontológica y científica.

  9. The ornithologist Alfred Russel Wallace and the controversy surrounding the dinosaurian origin of birds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ibrahim, Nizar; Kutschera, Ulrich

    2013-12-01

    Over many years of his life, the British naturalist Alfred Russel Wallace (1823-1913) explored the tropical forests of Malaysia, collecting numerous specimens, including hundreds of birds, many of them new to science. Subsequently, Wallace published a series of papers on systematic ornithology, and discovered a new species on top of a volcano on Ternate, where he wrote, in 1858, his famous essay on natural selection. Based on this hands-on experience, and an analysis of an Archaeopteryx fossil, Wallace suggested that birds may have descended from dinosaurian ancestors. Here, we describe the "dinosaur-bird hypothesis" that originated with the work of Thomas H. Huxley (1825-1895). We present the strong evidence linking theropod dinosaurs to birds, and briefly outline the long and ongoing controversy around this concept. Dinosaurs preserving plumage, nesting sites and trace fossils provide overwhelming evidence for the dinosaurian origin of birds. Based on these recent findings of paleontological research, we conclude that extant birds indeed descended, with some modifications, from small, Mesozoic theropod dinosaurs. In the light of Wallace's view of bird origins, we critically evaluate recent opposing views to this idea, including Ernst Mayr's (1904-2005) arguments against the "dinosaur-bird hypothesis", and document that this famous ornithologist was not correct in his assessment of this important aspect of vertebrate evolution.

  10. Toward A Constructive Postmodern Pluralism on the Perspectives of Alfred North Whitehead and David Ray Griffin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Purwanto Purwanto

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Tidak bisa dipungkiri perkembangan pemikiran keagamaan selalu memberikan corak yang dinamis, salah satunya adalah pemikiran tentang posmodernisme. Kaitannya dengan hal tersebut istilah pluralism posmodern konstruktif merupakan salah satu pemikiran posmodern yang menjadi kajian utama dalam tulisan ini. Meskipun banyak yang menolak penggunaan kata posmodernisme karena banyaknya asumsi yang berkembang namun istilah tersebut mempunyai kegunaan lebih dalam menyelami pemikiran-pemikiran yang berkembang saat ini. Saya menggunakan istilah tersebut untuk membedakan dua macam pluralism; 1 pluralism modern yang mencari kesamaan dasar pada tiap tradisi agama yang berbeda, dan 2 pluralisme posmodern yang menolak setiap pencarian dasar kesamaan berdasarkan penekanan terhadap keragaman dan keutamaan agama. Dari situ, artikel ini menjelaskan tentang ide-ide seputar pluralisme posmodern konstruktif (constructive postmodern pluralism. Selain itu, pembahasan dalam artikel ini lebih banyak bertumpu pada pemikiran dua tokoh, yakni Alfred North Whitehead, yang diperkenalkan dan dikembangkan oleh Cobb, dan David Ray Griffin. Pluralisme yang diusung dua tokoh ini melampaui gagasan pluralisme yang dijelaskan oleh John Hick, yaitu pluralisme yang menempatkan agama dalam posisi dasar the same down deep. 

  11. Early East Asian art history in Vienna and its trajectories: Josef Strzygowski, Karl With, Alfred Salmony

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julia Orell

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In 1912 Josef Strzygowski founded the ‘Section for East Asian Art History’ at the University of Vienna, which attracted many students who would continue their careers in museums and at universities and thus established East Asian art history as an academic field. This paper examines these early art historical engagements with East Asian art: First, I discuss the role of East Asian art in Strzygowski’s agenda of broadening art history’s geographical scope beyond Europe and in his argument about the dominance of ‘Nordic’ artistic traditions in Europe and in Asia. Secondly, I introduce the work of two early students at the ‘Section for East Asian Art History’ in Vienna, Karl With and Alfred Salmony. Their respective approaches to East Asian art exemplify a range of methodological concerns of their time, from stylistic narratives, the concept of ars una, comparative frameworks, to ideas about cultural or national ‘purity’ in the arts, and an interest in cross-cultural adaption and transformation of motifs and symbolism.

  12. Deciphering the evolution of birdwing butterflies 150 years after Alfred Russel Wallace.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Condamine, Fabien L; Toussaint, Emmanuel F A; Clamens, Anne-Laure; Genson, Gwenaelle; Sperling, Felix A H; Kergoat, Gael J

    2015-07-02

    One hundred and fifty years after Alfred Wallace studied the geographical variation and species diversity of butterflies in the Indomalayan-Australasian Archipelago, the processes responsible for their biogeographical pattern remain equivocal. We analysed the macroevolutionary mechanisms accounting for the temporal and geographical diversification of the charismatic birdwing butterflies (Papilionidae), a major focus of Wallace's pioneering work. Bayesian phylogenetics and dating analyses of the birdwings were conducted using mitochondrial and nuclear genes. The combination of maximum likelihood analyses to estimate biogeographical history and diversification rates reveals that diversity-dependence processes drove the radiation of birdwings, and that speciation was often associated with founder-events colonizing new islands, especially in Wallacea. Palaeo-environment diversification models also suggest that high extinction rates occurred during periods of elevated sea level and global warming. We demonstrated a pattern of spatio-temporal habitat dynamics that continuously created or erased habitats suitable for birdwing biodiversity. Since birdwings were extinction-prone during the Miocene (warmer temperatures and elevated sea levels), the cooling period after the mid-Miocene climatic optimum fostered birdwing diversification due to the release of extinction. This also suggests that current global changes may represent a serious conservation threat to this flagship group.

  13. 从接受美学角度看英语诗歌的翻译--以丁尼生《橡树》为例%Analysis of the Translation of English Poems from the Perspective of Reception Aesthetics:A Case Study on"The Oak"by Tennyson

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白宇镜

    2013-01-01

    Reception aesthetics is a kind of reader-centered liter-ary theory, and this theory can provide new strategies and meth-ods to the translators to deal with problems in translation. This paper starts from this theory, and then relates the poem of"The Oak" by Tennyson in the hope of making a reasonable assess-ment of the poetry.%  接受美学是一种以读者为中心的文学理论,这一理论可以给翻译者提供新的策略和方法来看待和处理翻译中的问题。英国著名诗人丁尼生《橡树》的翻译可以以这一理论为出发点,从而做出对该诗歌之翻译的合理评价。

  14. Arxius de l'Orde de Calatrava: papers de la Comanda de Borriana i Priorat de Santa Maria

    OpenAIRE

    Gil Vicent, Vicent; Arroyas Serrano, Magín

    1996-01-01

    A partir de l'inventari de la documentació que hom lliura amb motiu del canvi de Prior en 1771, es reconstrueix el contingut de l'arxiu del Priorat de Santa Maria i Comanda de Borriana de l'Orde de Calatrava a València, al mateix temps que s'amplia la informació referent a altres documents conservats i de les persones esmentades en la ressenya documental. Since the inventory of the papers that are handed out to mark the change of Prior in 1771, the content of the archive of the Priorato de...

  15. Edition and Traslation of the «Carta a lord Burghley» by Pedro Sarmiento de Gamboa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrés Eichmann Oehrli

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available In the following article we present an unpublished and unknown text of Galician discoverer Pedro Sarmiento de Gamboa. The letter, wrote in Latin, was send to Lord Burghley, the first minister of Elizabeth Tudor. Its content links chro-nicles and legends of Spain and Galicia to the genealogy of Sarmiento de Gamboa. Here, we offer the biographical context of the letter, a brief study of the sources, apart from the transcription of the original and the translation of the text into Spanish.

  16. Lorde, de João Gilberto Noll: sob um olhar da teoria do imaginário

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    Cibele Hechel Colares da Costa

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available O foco do estudo é fazer uma leitura do romance Lorde (2004, de Noll, partindo da teoria do imaginário, por isso toma-se como base o teórico Gilbert Durand e, também, Gaston Bachelard. Nessa leitura duas temáticas são destacadas, o espelho e a degradação humana e, ao final, percebe-se como ambas estão ligadas para dar significado ao romance intimista de Noll.

  17. [The Roots of Idiographic Paleontology: Karl Alfred von Zittel's Methodology and Conception of the Fossil Record].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tamborini, Marco

    2015-12-01

    This paper examines Karl Alfred von Zittel’s practice in order to uncover the roots of so-called idiographic paleontology.The great American paleontologist Stephen Jay Gould (1941–2002) defined the discipline of idiographic paleontology as illustration and description of the morphological features of extinct species. However, this approach does not investigate macroevolutionary patterns and processes. On the contrary, the paleobiological revolution of the 1970s implemented an epistemic methodology that illustrates macrovelutionary patterns and laws by combining idiographic data with a nomothetic form of explanation. This article elucidates the features of the idiographic data as well as the acquired knowledge coupled with this approach. First of all, Heinrich G. Bronn’s (1800–1862) statistical method is analyzed. Zittel’s practice arose as a reaction against the approximate conclusions reached by Bronn’s quantitative approach. Second, the details of Zittel’s methodology are described in order to bring out its peculiarities.The microscope played a pivotal role in creating and forming Zittel’s morphological data. This analysis sheds new light on the reasons behind the so-called ideographic paleontology, thus revising Gould’s historical reconstruction, as well as on the notion of paleontological data. However, even though Zittel aimed at reaching precise and stable conclusions,his data cannot be used for elucidating evolutionary mechanisms: they are scientific in a purely descriptive sense, but completely useless for biological investigations. Finally, this paper examines how Zittel’s methodology affects the contemporary paleobiological enterprise and thereby reflects upon the notion of natural history.

  18. ‘Who Said It Was Simple!’ Third-Wave Feminist Coalition and Audre Lorde's Intersectionalist Hybrid Poetics of Difference

    OpenAIRE

    Yomna Saber

    2015-01-01

    Third-Wave Feminism digs its roots in intersectionality and coalition, which were not fully realised in Second-Wave Feminism. However, the movement is usually under attack for lacking a clear agenda. Recent scholarship strongly suggests that third wavers get back to third-world writers, like Audre Lorde, to realise an anti-racist and inclusive feminism.  Lorde occupies a distinctive position in feminist literature; a poet who resides in too many margins being black, female and lesbian. This e...

  19. The Duchess of Kingston's Case, the ruling of Lord Mansfield and duty of medical confidentiality in court.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mendelson, Danuta

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this article is to demonstrate that the ruling commonly cited as the original precedent(1) for the doctrine that, at common law, medical practitioners' duty of confidentiality to their patients does not apply to court testimony,(2) did not, in fact, establish any such theory. The ruling by Lord Mansfield was made in the context of cross-examination by the Crown of a medical witness in the course of the trial of the Duchess of Kingston (Duchess of Kingston's Case (1776) 20 Howell's State Trials 355; [1775-1802] All ER Rep 623; [1776] 1 Leach 146), and this article will look briefly at: (1) the fascinating life of Elizabeth Chudleigh, the Dowager Duchess of Kingston, and the main events that led to her trial for bigamy; (2) the cross-examination of Caesar Hawkins and the different perceptions of the scope of confidentiality held by 18th century lawyers on the one hand and medical practitioners on the other; (3) Lord Mansfield's ruling that witnesses cannot withhold from the court facts which the law considers to be in the public domain; (4) the subsequent wide interpretation, usually as judicial obiter dicta, of its final paragraph during the 19th century, including early jurisprudential responses to the principle of medical confidentiality; and (5) the influence of John Henry Wigmore's opposition to patients' evidentiary privilege at common law during the twentieth century.

  20. Depravity and Pessimism in the Twentieth Century:Darkness of Human Nature in Lord of the Flies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵秋楠

    2015-01-01

    The WWⅡhad a great influence on the people all over the world.People in different ways were expressing their anger.William Golding‘s Lord of the Flies expressed the darkness of human nature after the war.Through the individual symbols, both depravity&pessimism in the twentieth century and darkness of human nature in Lord of the Flies could be well understood.%第二次世界大战给全世界的人们带来了极大的影响,人们也不同的方式来抒发不满。威廉戈尔丁的《蝇王》则抒发了战后人性的黑暗。通过个体象征的运用,20世纪的堕落与悲观主义和《蝇王》中的人性黑暗面得到了很好地理解。

  1. The Father's Star. Star imagery in Virgil's Aeneid and J.R.R. Tolkien's The Lord of The rings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Míriam Librán Moreno

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available The Faher's Star. Star imagery in Virgil's Aeneid and J.R.R. Tolkien's The Lord of The Rings. Abstract: The purpose of this paper is the analysis of some resemblances between J.R.R. Tolkien’s The Lord of the Rings and Virgil’s Aeneid, especially the iconography of the star borne on a ruler’s brow as a symbol of royalty and as proof of divine ancestry. Keywords: Tolkien, Virgil, Elendilmir, Aeneid, Sidus Iulium, Eärendil. // La estrella del padre. Imágenes de estrellas en la Eneida de Virgilio y El Señor de los Anillos de J.R.R. Tolkien. Resumen: El presente artículo estudia algunas semejanzas entre El señor de los anillos de J.R.R. Tolkien y la Eneida de Virgilio, centradas en la iconografía de la estrella que un príncipe lleva en la frente como símbolo de realeza y prueba de linaje divino. Palabras clave: Tolkien, Virgilio, Elendilmir, Eneida, Sidus Iulium, Eärendil.

  2. The color of complexes and UV-vis spectroscopy as an analytical tool of Alfred Werner's group at the University of Zurich.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fox, Thomas; Berke, Heinz

    2014-01-01

    Two PhD theses (Alexander Gordienko, 1912; Johannes Angerstein, 1914) and a dissertation in partial fulfillment of a PhD thesis (H. S. French, Zurich, 1914) are reviewed that deal with hitherto unpublished UV-vis spectroscopy work of coordination compounds in the group of Alfred Werner. The method of measurement of UV-vis spectra at Alfred Werner's time is described in detail. Examples of spectra of complexes are given, which were partly interpreted in terms of structure (cis ↔ trans configuration, counting number of bands for structural relationships, and shift of general spectral features by consecutive replacement of ligands). A more complete interpretation of spectra was hampered at Alfred Werner's time by the lack of a light absorption theory and a correct theory of electron excitation, and the lack of a ligand field theory for coordination compounds. The experimentally difficult data acquisitions and the difficult spectral interpretations might have been reasons why this method did not experience a breakthrough in Alfred Werner's group to play a more prominent role as an important analytical method. Nevertheless the application of UV-vis spectroscopy on coordination compounds was unique and novel, and witnesses Alfred Werner's great aptitude and keenness to always try and go beyond conventional practice.

  3. Alfred Donné and Léon Foucault: the first applications of electricity and photography to medical illustration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tobin, William

    2006-03-01

    The first electric projecting microscope and the first published photomicrographs harnessed recent technological developments to provide improved methods of medical illustration for educational purposes. Both projects were the work of two Frenchmen. The impetus came from the microscopist Dr Alfred Donné (1801-78), discoverer of trichomonas vaginalis and leukaemia. Implementation was primarily by his medical-student assistant, Léon Foucault (1819-68), who later gained fame as a physicist, especially with his pendulum demonstration of the Earth's rotation.

  4. Compensação e deficiência no pensamento de Alfred Adler (1870-1937)

    OpenAIRE

    Leal, Daniela; Antunes,Mitsuko Aparecida Makino

    2015-01-01

    Por volta do ano de 1907, Alfred Adler descreveu pela primeira vez o conceito de compensação ao expor sua teoria sobre o sentimento de inferioridade. Para ele, o estudo sobre a compensação psíquica foi o ponto de partida para novas questões sobre as relações entre indivíduo, família, sociedade, corpo e alma no âmbito da psicologia individual. No que se refere especificamente à deficiência, pode-se dizer que sua teoria permitiu criar novos caminhos para que fossem superadas as concepções pauta...

  5. Lord-Wingersky Algorithm Version 2.0 for Hierarchical Item Factor Models with Applications in Test Scoring, Scale Alignment, and Model Fit Testing. CRESST Report 830

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cai, Li

    2013-01-01

    Lord and Wingersky's (1984) recursive algorithm for creating summed score based likelihoods and posteriors has a proven track record in unidimensional item response theory (IRT) applications. Extending the recursive algorithm to handle multidimensionality is relatively simple, especially with fixed quadrature because the recursions can be defined…

  6. Generalization of the Lord-Wingersky Algorithm to Computing the Distribution of Summed Test Scores Based on Real-Number Item Scores

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Seonghoon

    2013-01-01

    With known item response theory (IRT) item parameters, Lord and Wingersky provided a recursive algorithm for computing the conditional frequency distribution of number-correct test scores, given proficiency. This article presents a generalized algorithm for computing the conditional distribution of summed test scores involving real-number item…

  7. A portrait of prefrontal lobotomy performed at the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital in Sydney by Dr Rex Money.

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, Richard T; McGee-Collett, Martin

    2016-10-01

    The objective of this article is to provide a portrait of prefrontal lobotomy performed at the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Sydney by the Head of Neurosurgery Dr Rex Money and to describe Dr Money's role in the promotion of psychosurgery in Sydney. We draw attention to an oral presentation by Dr Rex Money in 1951, a journal article written by Money, archival information held at the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, including Dr Money's accounts of his travels and his reports regarding neurosurgery - both internationally and in Australia. Dr Rex Money performed a series of 13 prefrontal lobotomies between 1945 and 1951, and presented the theoretical basis for his series, his operative procedures and the outcomes at the annual meeting of its medical officers' association. Notwithstanding various deficiencies in his clinical research, Money's descriptions give a relatively comprehensive account of one of the first series of prefrontal lobotomies performed in Australia. The current article also describes Dr Money's contributions to the promotion of psychosurgery in Sydney, and illustrates the participation of a senior neurosurgeon and of a major Sydney teaching hospital during the psychosurgery saga. © The Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists 2016.

  8. The Lord of Rings & the Olmi-Comics: Two cases of non-traditional approach to astronomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Romaniello, S.; Cavallotti, F.; Sandrelli, S.

    2005-12-01

    Besides its traditional activities, the Public Outreach & Education offi ce (POE) of INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera (Milan, Italy) is carrying out two experiments in informal education for children aged 10 to 13: "The Lord of Rings - the mysterious case of the stolen rings" and "The Olmi-comics". The former is an astronomical role-playing game. Pupils are requested to discover the burglars of the rings of Saturn by hunting for them in an area where they meet actors playing their parts at distances scaled to the ones of the Solar System. The latter is a writing/ drawing workshop. Pupils try to write stories or draw comics about science. While the two projects are rather different both in content and in format, they have a common goal: making pupils live science, mainly astronomy, both with the mind and the body.

  9. Lord Justice of Appeal John Fletcher Moulton and explosives production in World War I: 'the mathematical mind triumphant'.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van der Kloot, William

    2014-06-20

    At the end of November 1914 Lord Moulton (1844-1921) became the director of explosives production in the War Office. A 70-year-old jurist may seem an extraordinary choice, but he was an extraordinary man. He was Senior Wrangler at Cambridge, was elected to the Royal Society for research on electricity, and learned about chemistry as a barrister for dye and explosives manufacturers. He assembled an able team of administrators and chemists who designed and managed mammoth new national explosives factories. They could not make enough TNT and picric acid from obtainable precursors, so Moulton persuaded the reluctant armed services to adopt mixtures of TNT and ammonium nitrate, which enabled them to make even more than was needed. In mid-1915 they moved to the new Ministry of Munitions, where they also became responsible for fertilizers and poison gases. In 1917 they produced explosives at a higher rate than was attained in World War II.

  10. 浅析《指环王》%A brief analysis of the Lord of the Rings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗珊; 黄璇

    2015-01-01

    《指环王》是英国学者、作家托尔金历时十多年写成的一部伟大巨著,它被公认为是现代奇幻文学的开端。文章通过分析它的源流、内涵构成,试探寻其中蕴含的深刻思想意义。%The Lord of the Rings,a masterpiece written by British scholar and writer J.R.R Tolkien,is widely recognized as the beginning of modern fantasy literatwre.It took author over a decade to write this work before it came into being.This article aims to explore the profound significance by analyzing its origins and connotation.

  11. James Alfred Loader: ’n Huldeblyk aan ’n krities-solidêre profeet in die eties-teologiese tradisie/James Alfred Loader: A tribute to a critical-solidary prophet in the ethical theological tradition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andries G. van Aarde

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This article is the introduction to the James Alfred Loader Dedication. It consists of a tribute to Professor Loader’s academic contribution to Old Testament, Middle-Eastern religio-literary studies and the Rabbinical background of the Old- and New Testament. The article is modelled after the tribute published in German in the annual publication of the Evangelisch-Theologische Fakultät Wien (Vienna, Austria due to the honorary doctorate conferred on Professor Loader by the University of Pretoria (South Africa in 2009. The tribute is combined with a comprehensive curriculum vitae, in part written in German, Afrikaans and English, and consisting of referencing Professor Loader’s personal data, his role as minister of religion, his academic awards, participation in scholarly societies, professional academic positions, academic reviewing, editorial activity, presentation of academic papers and a list of publications.

  12. Book Review: McCoy, Alfred, Policing America’s Empire: The United States, the Philippines, and the Rise of the Surveillance State

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salvador Santino F. Regilme, Jr

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Book Review of the Monograph: McCoy, Alfred (2009, Policing America’s Empire: The United States, the Philippines, and the Rise of the Surveillance State, Madison, Wisconsin: The University of Wisconsin Press ISBN 978-0-299-23414-0, 659 pages

  13. The Analysis of The Eagle by the Systemic Functional Grammar

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王敏

    2006-01-01

    The eagle is an excellent English poem written by Alfred Tennyson. Though it is short and simple, it gives us a vivid picture of an eagle. My paper aims to analyze thispoem using Halliday's systemic functional grammar to demonstrate Alfred's unique writing and talents in poetry.

  14. Steve Boardman and Julian Goodare, eds., Kings, Lords and Men in Scotland and Britain, 1300–1625: Essays in Honour of Jenny Wormald. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2014. Pp. 368. ISBN: 9780748691500. £75.00.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucinda Dean

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Steve Boardman and Julian Goodare, eds., Kings, Lords and Men in Scotland and Britain, 1300–1625: Essays in Honour of Jenny Wormald. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2014. Pp. 368. ISBN: 9780748691500. £75.00.

  15. Schütz Alfred, préface et traduction de Th. Blin, Essais sur le monde ordinaire

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    Nicolas Marquis

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Alfred Schütz (1899-1959 a consacré une bonne partie de ses travaux à démontrer la plus-value pour les sciences sociales de l’approche phénoménologique développée par Husserl, dont il était proche. Ce faisant, il nous a rendu l’incomparable service de nous rendre lisibles les propos parfois obscurs et fort techniques du philosophe alle­mand. Les cinq articles compilés dans cet ouvrage, traduit et préfacé par Th. Blin, of­frent une bonne introduction aux préoccupations de Schütz. Essais sur l...

  16. PSYCHOLOGY IN FRENCH ACADEMIC PUBLISHING IN THE LATE NINETEENTH CENTURY: ALFRED BINET, EDITORIAL DIRECTOR AT THE SCHLEICHER PUBLISHING HOUSE.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nicolas, Serge

    2015-01-01

    To date, historians of psychology have largely ignored the role of academic publishing and the editorial policies of the late nineteenth century. This paper analyzes the role played by academic publishing in the history of psychology in the specific case of France, a country that provides a very interesting and unique model. Up until the middle of the 1890s, there was no collection specifically dedicated to psychology. Alfred Binet was the first to found, in 1897, a collection of works specifically dedicated to scientific psychology. He chose to work with Reinwald-Schleicher. However, Binet was soon confronted with (1) competition from other French publishing houses, and (2) Schleicher's management and editorial problems that were to sound the death knell for Binet's emerging editorial ambitions. The intention of this paper is to encourage the efforts of the pioneers of modern psychology to have their work published and disseminated.

  17. Disillusionment of“The Three Worlds”-An Analysis on the theme of The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张妍蕾; 傅挺

    2013-01-01

      The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock is T.S. Eliot’s masterpiece of his early period and was written in a form of dramatic monologue. The large use of artistic features, such as symbolism, allusion and repetition, makes the poem vivid, but sophisticated and hard to understand at the same time. However, the theme of the poem can be explored by the analysis of Prufrock ’s complicated psychological activities, which display three different worlds to the readers:the real world that is vulgar and meaningless;the inner world that is lonely and doubtful;and the visionary world that is mysterious and transient. This paper aims at presenting a detailed analysis on the disillusionment of the three worlds, as well as revealing the spiritual paralysis of modern people. It is not an individual tragedy;it is the tragedy of a generation, the tragedy of human civilization.

  18. Las fenomenologías poshusserlianas de Alfred Schutz y Niklas Luhmann: soluciones para el problema de la intersubjetividad

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    Pignuoli Ocampo, Sergio

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In this article we focus on the reception given by Luhmann to the works of Alfred Schutz. We compare both treatments to the phenomenological problem of intersubjectivity. Our hypothesis is that Luhmann developed an original poshusserlian phenomenological position, in dialog with Schutz.Este trabajo aborda la recepción dada por Luhmann a la obra de Schutz, en cuyo marco comparamos los tratamientos dados por ambos a los problemas fenomenológicos de la experiencia del otro y de la intersubjetividad. Nuestra hipótesis es que Luhmann desarrolló una posición fenomenológica original, de cuño poshusserliano, en dialogo privilegiado con Schutz.

  19. Evolucionismo darwinista? Contribuições de Alfred Russel Wallace à teoria da evolução

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    Nelson Papavero

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Teria sido mesmo Charles Darwin o autor da teoria do processo evolutivo? Em suas pesquisas, Darwin discute mais a origem da seleção natural do que propriamente a origem das espécies. Três anos antes da publicação do artigo de Darwin, outro naturalista, Alfred Russel Wallace, publicou um trabalho propondo que todas as espécies vivas descendiam de um único ancestral comum. Foi Wallace o primeiro a notar que cada margem dos rios amazônicos podia ser habitada por espécies diferentes de macacos. Em 1858, Wallace sintetiza a teoria da seleção natural, mas ao invés de publicar a descoberta, remete-a para Darwin que, pouco tempo depois, publica A Origem das Espécies. Este artigo visa discutir quais seriam as contribuições de Wallace para as teorias evolutivas.

  20. El debate de Alfred Schütz con Max Scheler en torno a la empatía

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    Alexis Emanuel Gros

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available La empatía ha sido foco de discusión en los círculos antipositivistas de la academia alemana de comienzos del siglo pasado, especialmente dentro del movimiento fenomenológico. El presente trabajo se concentra en el debate en torno a esta problemática que Alfred Schütz sostiene con Max Scheler en Der sinnhafte Aufbau der sozialen Welt. En el primer apartado se bosquejan los lineamientos principales de la teoría scheleriana de la Fremdwahrnehmung (percepción del otro, y en el segundo, se exponen las críticas que Schütz le realiza a la misma sustentado en desarrollos teóricos de Edmund Husserl. La hipótesis que guía al escrito es que la confrontación con la teoría scheleriana de la Fremdwahrnehmung juega un rol fundamental en la configuración de la teoría del Fremdverstehen (comprensión del otro del Schütz temprano.At the beginning of the 20th century the issue of empathy was subject of controversy within the phenomenological movement. The present paper deals with the debate on that topic that the young Alfred Schutz maintained with Max Scheler. Firstly, I outline the Schelerian theory of Fremdwahrnehmung (perception of the other, and secondly I present Schutz's criticism of the former, which is inspired by Husserl's insights on self-awareness and Einfühlung (empathy. My thesis is that in order to properly understand Schutz's theory of Fremdverstehen (understanding of the other it is essential to take into account this early confrontation with Scheler.

  1. Hebräische Gesänge : aus dem Englischen des Lord Byron von Franz Theremin ; mit beigedrucktem englischen Text

    OpenAIRE

    2008-01-01

    Die „Hebräischen Gesänge“ („Hebrew Melodies“), eine Jugenddichtung von Lord Byron, wurden vom „Damen-Conversations-Lexikon“ (1834) als „vielleicht die gelungensten lyrischen Gedichte der englischen Literatur“ gefeiert. Das Goethezeitportal publiziert die Übersetzung von Franz Theremin (1820), Hof- und Domprediger in Berlin und Mitglied der dortigen Literaturszene. Sein Vorwort ist ein Dokument für die damalige (von antisemitischen Topoi nicht freie) Auffassung des Judentums.

  2. Stereotypes of English in Hollywood Movies : A Case Study of the Use of Different Varieties of English in Star Wars, The Lord of the Rings and Transformers.

    OpenAIRE

    Andersson, Niklas

    2010-01-01

    This essay deals with the use of linguistic stereotypes in Hollywood movies. It investigates whether attitudes towards English dialects found in studies on perceptual dialectology are reflected in the selected movies and discusses the notion of linguistic identity and how standard and nonstandard speech, respectively, are used symbolically to emphasize features of characters in eleven movies from three different movie series, namely The Lord of the Rings, Star Wars and Transformers, with a ma...

  3. Myth, Song, and Music Education: The Case of Tolkien's "The Lord of the Rings" and Swann's "The Road Goes Ever On"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jorgensen, Estelle R.

    2006-01-01

    In this article I explore how myth and song intersect in J. R. R. Tolkien's "The Lord of the Rings" trilogy--"The Fellowship of the Ring," "The Two Towers," and "The Return of the King"--and Donald Swann's song cycle setting of Tolkien texts, "The Road Goes Ever On." In so doing I am drawn back to Tolkien's "The Hobbit," the novel from which "The…

  4. Lord Owen : lõpetage rääkimine EL-i kriisidest / David Anthony Llewellyn Owen ; interv. Erkki Bahovski

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Owen, David Anthony Llewellyn

    2007-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke 2. apr. lk. 9. Tartu Ülikoolis esinenud ja Venemaal äri ajav Briti endine välisminister vastab küsimustele Euroopa Liidu põhiseadusliku leppe, reformide, välis- ja julgeolekupoliitika, Venemaa suhete ja sisearengu, energiapoliitika kohta ning leiab, et ei taha Venemaaga uuesti alustada külma sõda. Lisa: Lord Owen

  5. Lord-Wingersky Algorithm Version 2.0 for Hierarchical Item Factor Models with Applications in Test Scoring, Scale Alignment, and Model Fit Testing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cai, Li

    2015-06-01

    Lord and Wingersky's (Appl Psychol Meas 8:453-461, 1984) recursive algorithm for creating summed score based likelihoods and posteriors has a proven track record in unidimensional item response theory (IRT) applications. Extending the recursive algorithm to handle multidimensionality is relatively simple, especially with fixed quadrature because the recursions can be defined on a grid formed by direct products of quadrature points. However, the increase in computational burden remains exponential in the number of dimensions, making the implementation of the recursive algorithm cumbersome for truly high-dimensional models. In this paper, a dimension reduction method that is specific to the Lord-Wingersky recursions is developed. This method can take advantage of the restrictions implied by hierarchical item factor models, e.g., the bifactor model, the testlet model, or the two-tier model, such that a version of the Lord-Wingersky recursive algorithm can operate on a dramatically reduced set of quadrature points. For instance, in a bifactor model, the dimension of integration is always equal to 2, regardless of the number of factors. The new algorithm not only provides an effective mechanism to produce summed score to IRT scaled score translation tables properly adjusted for residual dependence, but leads to new applications in test scoring, linking, and model fit checking as well. Simulated and empirical examples are used to illustrate the new applications.

  6. How mothers mediate the social integration of their children conceived of forced marriage within the Lord's Resistance Army.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shanahan, Fiona; Veale, Angela

    2016-01-01

    This article aims to understand how formerly abducted young mothers mediate the social integration of their children conceived of forced marriage and sexual violence within the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) in northern Uganda. Interviews and photographic methods were used in six Internally Displaced Persons Camps in northern Uganda. This article draws on data derived from ten mothers of thirteen children who were conceived in the LRA, five boys and eight girls. The analytic approach used was Interpretive Phenomenological Analysis (Smith & Osborn, 2008). The analysis identified turning points of sites of action where young formerly abducted mothers used diverse strategies to support the reintegration of their children born or conceived within the LRA. Six key turning points are identified, these are (a) participating in rituals and ceremonies, (b) naming, (c) adapting to changing family structures, (d) responding to discrimination against boys (e) managing disclosure and (f) sharing positive memories and identities. Formerly abducted young mothers mediate the social integration of their children by engaging in strategies to support and foster their wellbeing and social relationships. However, the contexts in which they are operating are highly constrained and the relational identities of children born in the LRA are fluid and potentially insecure within communities of return. Implications for policy and programming are discussed.

  7. Two little-known nineteenth century collectors: Dr Thomas Dowler and John Keast Lord, Esq., F.Z.S.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baker, D B

    1996-10-01

    Neither Dowler nor Lord seems personally to have left any record in the entomological literature, but both made or obtained significant collections of insects in areas which at the time, and for a considerable period subsequently, were entomological terrae incognitae. Their collections were drawn on extensively by contemporary describers, for example, by Frederick Smith and Francis Walker, and what remains of their material is concentrated in the collections of The Natural History Museum, London. There is no entry for Dowler in D.N.B., and no entries for either in Horn and Kahle (1935-37), Gilbert (1977) or Horn, Kahle, Friese and Gaedike (1990), and an appeal for information published in Newsletter 51 (January 1995) of the Society for the History of Natural History elicited no response. The present note, which is written with particular reference to their Hymenoptera, is published with the intention of drawing attention to their material and in the hope that the wider circulation of the Archives may bring further biographical detail to light.

  8. The House of Lords Select Committee on the Assisted Dying for the Terminally III Bill: implications for specialist palliative care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finlay, I G; Wheatley, V J; Izdebski, C

    2005-09-01

    The Assisted Dying for the Terminally III Bill proposed to legalise both euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide for those with a terminal illness in the UK. A House of Lords Select Committee was convened to scrutinise this Bill and has recently published its report, which will be debated in Parliament on October 10th 2005. The written and oral evidence submitted to the Select Committee represented a wide range of views on 'assisted dying'. Much of the evidence from those countries which have legalised euthanasia/physician-assisted suicide (The Netherlands, Belgium, Switzerland and Oregon, USA) dealt with the practicalities of ending life, and the legal procedures and safeguards instigated in these countries. All the written and oral evidence in the public domain was scrutinised by the authors whilst the Select Committee was sitting. We have extracted those themes relevant to specialist palliative care practice and present them in this paper. We hope that this will provide a useful resource to inform the forthcoming public debate on assisted dying. The evidence of harms inherent in making such a change in the law, as presented to the Select Committee, has moved all three authors to oppose a change in the law.

  9. Aportes de la teoría social de Alfred Schutz para pensar la política y la acción colectiva Contributions of Alfred Schutz's social theory to think politics and collective action

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariela Hemilse Acevedo

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Partiendo del interrogante acerca de qué elementos de la fenomenología social de Alfred Schutz pueden ser pertinentes para pensar la política y la acción colectiva, el interés en estas páginas estará puesto en exponer los planteos de Schutz acerca del lugar de los sistemas significativos y las representaciones simbólicas en la relación del hombre con el mundo, con el orden social y el orden político, y señalar los aportes de estos planteos a la reflexión sobre el accionar colectivo y la política. Para ello, se exponen brevemente algunas formulaciones de la teoría schutzeana del conocimiento del mundo, su teoría de las referencias apresentacionales y la simbolización, así como también sus referencias al papel de las estructuras de significatividades en la interpretación del mundo y en la acción, y se indaga la manera en que estos desarrollos de la teoría de Schutz son retomados por Ilja Srubar y por Daniel Cefaï para pensar la política.Starting from the question about which aspects of the social phenomenology of Alfred Schutz may be relevant to thinking about politics and collective action, interest in these pages will be on exposing the proposals of Schutz's place of systems of relevance and symbolic representations in the relationship between man and the world in social and political order, and noted the contributions of these approaches to the reflection on the collective action and politics. For this, it briefly describes some formulations of the theory schutzeana knowledge of the world, his theory of the references apresentacionales and symbolization, as well as references to the role of the structures of significance in the interpretation of the world and action, and it examines how these developments of the theory of Schutz are taken up by Ilja Srubar and Daniel Cefaï to think politics.

  10. A comparative study of the love song The Sun Rising by J Donne and The love song of J. Alfred Profrock" by T.S.Eliot%A comparative study of the love song The Sun Rising by J Donne and The love song of J. Alfred Profrock" by T.S.Eliot

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒙窖

    2011-01-01

    "The Sun Rising" is one of the most outstanding metaphysical poems of John Donne ;The love song of J. Alfred Prufrock is known as the first masterpiece of modernism poetry,. This thesis aims to compares and contrasts them in theme, images, characters and

  11. A comparative analysis of ezra pound’s in a station of the metro and t.s. Eliot’s the love song of j. Alfred prufrock

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MAHRUKH BAIG

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Pound and Eliot’s satiric criticism on the new morality of the modern world is skillfully achieved in their famous poems, “In a Station of the Metro” and “The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock”. This research paper is aimed at a comparative analysis of these poems, with particular regards to their thematic concerns and stylistic features.

  12. The Lord of Rings - the mysterious case of the stolen rings: a critical analysis of an informal education activity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sandrelli, S.

    2011-10-01

    "The Lord of Rings - the mysterious case of the stolen rings" is a live astronomical role-playing game for kids aged 10 -13 [1]. Its goal is to introduce them to some of the main topics of the Solar System: a) the role of gravity; b) the distribution of mass & light; c) the effects of rotation; d) the distribution of water. The game was held at several Science Festival in Italy (Perugia, Genova, Fiorano, Bologna) obtaining great success. Teams of about 6-8 members are introduced to Mr Schioppanelli, the astro-detective of the town (the name is a pun: it reminds Schiaparelli, the famous italian astronomer, and it is a slang expression meaning "ring-breaker"). Mr Schioppanelli has his office in an "gastronomical astronomical observatory", known as The Red Giant Pizzeria. Schioppanelli informs the kids that a mysterious Centaur succeded in stealing the rings of Saturn. The partecipants are appointed astro-detectives incharge and asked to find the rings by browsing around the Solar System, which is scaled so as to fit the town historical centre or a pedestrian area, going from the Sun to Saturn or beyond, depending on the actual area at disposal. Great care must be taken allowing children playing only in a car-free area of the town. At the right scaled distances, the partecipants meet characters playing as the various planets. The kids can talk to them after solving a riddle, obtaining useful informations. A special characters play as a comet, timely going in and out of the inner solar system. The teams can also talk to some shepherdmoons of the rings. They easily discover that the rings were totally destroyed by the Centaur: a real disaster! They are also suggested to gather the necessary ingredients (gravity, light, rotation, inclination, dust and water, represented by simple objects like apples, spinning tops and so on) to rebuild the rings. The kids can buy the ingredients from different planets: every planet has ingredients in quantities which are proportionate to

  13. Alfred Vincent Kidder and the Development of Americanist Archaeology, by Douglas R. Givens, University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque, 1992

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jonathan E. Reyman

    1993-05-01

    Full Text Available The photography on the book dustjacket portrays the shadows of three men against the back of a rockshelter. Kidder's figure (center casts the longest shadow, just as Kidder, himself, was a central, dominant figure in Southwestern archaeology from 1915-1940. Indeed, three decades after his death, Kidder still casts a long shadow in the American Southwest: the Pecos Classification (1927, developed under his guidance with the help of Tom Waterman and Alfred Kroeber, remains, with modifications, the basic cultural classificatory system for the Anasazi/historic Pueblo; the Pecos Conference, organised by Kidder and first held in 1927 at Pecos Pueblo, is now more than 65 years old and is probably the longest running regional archaeology conference in the Americas; Pecos Pueblo, itself; now a national monument, is one of the best known and better preserved Pueblo sites; and Kidder's work at Pecos, especially his stratigraphic and ceramic studies (the latter in conduction with Anna Shepard, were models for later archaeological fieldwork and reporting, though a final report on the Pecos excavations was never published.

  14. Keeping the fire burning: Georges Gilles de la Tourette, Paul Richer, Charles Féré and Alfred Binet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walusinski, Olivier

    2011-01-01

    Jean-Martin Charcot (1825-1893) was the one of the world's leading physicians during the final third of the 19th century. Rewarded in 1882 with the creation of the first chair in the diseases of the nervous system, he was extremely successful at recruiting loyal and talented students. Charcot himself never produced a general treatise on hysteria, but instead encouraged his pupils to write their own books. Here, we describe how the work on hysteria of Georges Gilles de la Tourette, Paul Richer, Charles Féré and Alfred Binet was closely associated with Charcot, and how they remained faithful to their mentor. We will highlight the unusual personality of G. Gilles de la Tourette and the tragic end to his life, the exceptional artistic talent of P. Richer (writer and painter of his magnificently illustrated thesis), the prolific writing capacity of C. Féré (bearing witness to his broad fields of interest) and A. Binet (blessed with an extraordinary capacity for work, and author of The Psychology of Reasoning, before presenting his metric scale of intelligence).

  15. THE IMPORTANCE OF INSTRUMENT MAKERS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY: THE CASE OF ALFRED BINET AT THE SORBONNE LABORATORY.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nicolas, Serge

    2016-07-01

    The importance of instrument firms in the development of psychology, and science in general, should not be underestimated since it would not have been possible for various leading psychologists at the turn of the twentieth century to conduct certain experiments without the assistance of instrument makers, as is often the case today. To illustrate the historical perspective introduced here, the example of Alfred Binet is taken, as he is an interesting case of a psychologist working in close collaboration with various French instrument designers of the time. The objective of this article is twofold: (1) to show the considerable activity carried out by early psychologists to finalize new laboratory instruments in order to develop their research projects; (2) to reassess the work of a major figure in French psychology through his activity as a designer of precision instruments. The development of these new instruments would certainly have been difficult without the presence in Paris of numerous precision instrument manufacturers such as Charles Verdin, Otto Lund, Henri Collin, and Lucien Korsten, on whom Binet successively called in order to develop his projects in the field of experimental psychology.

  16. Biochar and Glomus caledonium Influence Cd Accumulation of Upland Kangkong (Ipomoea aquatica Forsk.) Intercropped with Alfred Stonecrop (Sedum alfredii Hance)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Junli; Wu, Fuyong; Wu, Shengchun; Lam, Cheung Lung; Lin, Xiangui; Wong, Ming Hung

    2014-01-01

    Both biochar application and mycorrhizal inoculation have been proposed to improve plant growth and alter bioaccumulation of toxic metals. A greenhouse pot trial was conducted to investigate growth and Cd accumulation of upland kangkong (Ipomoea aquatica Forsk.) intercropped with Alfred stonecrop (Sedum alfredii Hance) in a Cd-contaminated soil inoculated with Glomus caledonium and/or applied with biochar. Compared with the monocultural control, intercropping with stonecrop (IS) decreased kangkong Cd acquisition via rhizosphere competition, and also decreased kangkong yield. Gc inoculation (+M) accelerated growth and Cd acquisition of stonecrop, and hence resulted in further decreases in kangkong Cd acquisition. Regardless of IS and +M, biochar addition (+B) increased kangkong yield via elevating soil available P, and decreased soil Cd phytoavailability and kangkong Cd concentration via increasing soil pH. Compared with the control, the treatment of IS + M + B had a substantially higher kangkong yield (+25.5%) with a lower Cd concentration (−62.7%). Gc generated additive effects on soil alkalinization and Cd stabilization to biochar, causing lower DTPA-extractable (phytoavailable) Cd concentrations and post-harvest transfer risks. PMID:24728157

  17. Biochar and Glomus caledonium Influence Cd Accumulation of Upland Kangkong (Ipomoea aquatica Forsk.) Intercropped with Alfred Stonecrop (Sedum alfredii Hance)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Junli; Wu, Fuyong; Wu, Shengchun; Lam, Cheung Lung; Lin, Xiangui; Wong, Ming Hung

    2014-04-01

    Both biochar application and mycorrhizal inoculation have been proposed to improve plant growth and alter bioaccumulation of toxic metals. A greenhouse pot trial was conducted to investigate growth and Cd accumulation of upland kangkong (Ipomoea aquatica Forsk.) intercropped with Alfred stonecrop (Sedum alfredii Hance) in a Cd-contaminated soil inoculated with Glomus caledonium and/or applied with biochar. Compared with the monocultural control, intercropping with stonecrop (IS) decreased kangkong Cd acquisition via rhizosphere competition, and also decreased kangkong yield. Gc inoculation (+M) accelerated growth and Cd acquisition of stonecrop, and hence resulted in further decreases in kangkong Cd acquisition. Regardless of IS and +M, biochar addition (+B) increased kangkong yield via elevating soil available P, and decreased soil Cd phytoavailability and kangkong Cd concentration via increasing soil pH. Compared with the control, the treatment of IS + M + B had a substantially higher kangkong yield (+25.5%) with a lower Cd concentration (-62.7%). Gc generated additive effects on soil alkalinization and Cd stabilization to biochar, causing lower DTPA-extractable (phytoavailable) Cd concentrations and post-harvest transfer risks.

  18. Alfred Russel Wallace (1823-1913): the forgotten co-founder of the Neo-Darwinian theory of biological evolution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kutschera, Ulrich; Hossfeld, Uwe

    2013-12-01

    The British naturalist Alfred Russel Wallace (1823-1913), who had to leave school aged 14 and never attended university, did extensive fieldwork, first in the Amazon River basin (1848-1852) and then in Southeast Asia (1854-1862). Based on this experience, and after reading the corresponding scientific literature, Wallace postulated that species were not created, but are modified descendants of pre-existing varieties (Sarawak Law paper, 1855). Evolution is brought about by a struggle for existence via natural selection, which results in the adaptation of those individuals in variable populations who survive and reproduce (Ternate essay, 1858). In his monograph Darwinism (1889), and in subsequent publications, Wallace extended the contents of Darwin's Origin of Species (1859) into the Neo-Darwinian theory of biological evolution, with reference to the work of August Weismann (1834-1914). Wallace also became the (co)-founder of biogeography, biodiversity research, astrobiology and evolutionary anthropology. Moreover, he envisioned what was later called the anthropocene (i.e., the age of human environmental destructiveness). However, since Wallace believed in atheistic spiritualism and mixed up scientific facts and supernatural speculations in some of his writings, he remains a controversial figure in the history of biology.

  19. Engaging with Lyell: Alfred Russel Wallace's Sarawak Law and Ternate papers as reactions to Charles Lyell's Principles of Geology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Costa, J T

    2013-12-01

    Alfred Russel Wallace (1823-1913) and Charles Darwin (1809-1882) are honored as the founders of modern evolutionary biology. Accordingly, much attention has focused on their relationship, from their independent development of the principle of natural selection to the receipt by Darwin of Wallace's essay from Ternate in the spring of 1858, and the subsequent reading of the Wallace and Darwin papers at the Linnean Society on 1 July 1858. In the events of 1858 Wallace and Darwin are typically seen as central players, with Darwin's friends Charles Lyell (1797-1875) and Joseph Dalton Hooker (1817-1911) playing supporting roles. This narrative has resulted in an under-appreciation of a more central role for Charles Lyell as both Wallace's inspiration and foil. The extensive anti-transmutation arguments in Lyell's landmark Principles of Geology were taken as the definitive statement on the subject. Wallace, in his quest to solve the mystery of species origins, engaged with Lyell's arguments in his private field notebooks in a way that is concordant with his engagement with Lyell in the 1855 and 1858 papers. I show that Lyell was the object of Wallace's Sarawak Law and Ternate papers through a consideration of the circumstances that led Wallace to send his Ternate paper to Darwin, together with an analysis of the material that Wallace drew upon from the Principles. In this view Darwin was, ironically, intended for a supporting role in mediating Wallace's attempted dialog with Lyell.

  20. Mesozoic diapirs at the eastern edge of Lord Howe Rise (southwest Pacific): ZoNéCo 5 cruiseMise en évidence de diapirs mésozoïques sur la bordure orientale de la ride de Lord Howe (Sud-Ouest Pacifique) : campagne ZoNéCo 5

    Science.gov (United States)

    Auzende, Jean-Marie; Beneton, Gérald; Dickens, Gerald; Exon, Neville; François, Caroline; Hodway, Dave; Juffroy, Fabien; Lafoy, Yves; Leroy, Alexandre; Van de Beuque, Sabrina; Voutay, Olivier

    2000-02-01

    The objective of the ZoNéCo 5 cruise on R/V L'Atalante was the bathymetrical and geological survey of the eastern edge of the Lord Howe Rise, a key structure between New Caledonia and the eastern margin of Australia. The acquired data better defines the relationships between the New Caledonia Basin and the Lord Howe Rise in an area which is the southern prolongation of the Fairway basin. This basin contains a thick sedimentary sequence ranging from Lower Cretaceous to the present day. This basin extends on more than 70 000 km 2. The main result of the cruise was the discovery of a Pre-Cretaceous or Cretaceous series including salt or mud diapirs. At about 600 m below the sea floor and coincident with the distribution of diapirs, an extensive BSR (Bottom Simulating Reflector) suggests the existence of a large gas hydrates deposit.

  1. In Search of Authenticity: the ‘Global Popular’ and ‘Quality’ Culture—the Case of The Lord of the Rings Trilogy and Pavement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hilary Radner

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available Through an examination of three special issues devoted to The Lord of the Rings trilogy in Pavement, a New Zealand magazine, I propose to discuss the way in which the representation of these films suggests the complexities of the intersection between the global and the local within New Zealand culture and its consequences in particular in terms of the marginalisation of an indigenous discourse. I draw upon the work of scholars such as T. Bennett and J. Woolacott to define and examine the “reading formations” mobilized by the LOTR phenomenon within such publications as Pavement, directed towards a local NZ ‘hip’ readership.

  2. Mourning Dr. Alfred G. Knudson: the two-hit hypothesis, tumor suppressor genes, and the tuberous sclerosis complex.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hino, Okio; Kobayashi, Toshiyuki

    2017-01-01

    On July 10, 2016, Alfred G. Knudson, Jr., MD, PhD, a leader in cancer research, died at the age of 93 years. We deeply mourn his loss. Knudson's two-hit hypothesis, published in 1971, has been fundamental for understanding tumor suppressor genes and familial tumor-predisposing syndromes. To understand the molecular mechanism of two-hit-initiated tumorigenesis, Knudson used an animal model of a dominantly inherited tumor, the Eker rat. From the molecular identification of Tsc2 germline mutations, the Eker rat became a model for tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC), a familial tumor-predisposing syndrome. Animal models, including the fly, have greatly contributed to TSC research. Because the product of the TSC2/Tsc2 gene (tuberin) together with hamartin, the product of another TSC gene (TSC1/Tsc1), suppresses mammalian/mechanistic target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1), rapalogs have been used as therapeutic drugs for TSC. Although significant activity of these drugs has been reported, there are still problems such as recurrence of residual tumors and adverse effects. Recent studies indicate that there are mTORC1-independent signaling pathways downstream of hamartin/tuberin, which may represent new therapeutic targets. The establishment of cellular models, such as pluripotent stem cells with TSC2/Tsc2 gene mutations, will facilitate the understanding of new aspects of TSC pathogenesis and the development of novel treatment options. In this review, we look back at the history of Knudson and animal models of TSC and introduce recent progress in TSC research.

  3. An existential criterion for normal and abnormal personality in the works of Sigmund Freud and Alfred Adler.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kapustin S.A.

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This is the second in a series of four articles scheduled for publication in this journal. In the previous article I proposed a description of a new so-called existential criterion of normal and abnormal personality that is implicitly present in the works of Erich Fromm. According to this criterion, normal and abnormal personalities are determined, first, by special features of the content of their position regarding existential dichotomies that are natural to human beings and, second, by particular aspects of the formation of this position. Such dichotomies, entitatively existent in all human life, are inherent, two-alternative contradictions. The position of a normal personality in its content orients one toward a contradictious predetermination of life in the form of existential dichotomies and the necessity of searching for compromise in resolving these dichotomies. This position is created on a rational basis with the person’s active participation. The position of an abnormal personality in its content subjectively denies a contradictious predetermination of life in the form of existential dichotomies and orients one toward a consistent, noncompetitive, and, as a consequence, one-sided way of life that doesn’t include self-determination. This position is imposed by other people on an irrational basis. Abnormality of personality interpreted like that is one of the most important factors influencing the development of various kinds of psychological problems and mental disorders — primarily, neurosis. In this article I show that this criterion is implicitly present in the personality theories of Sigmund Freud and Alfred Adler, although in more special cases. In the following articles I will show that this criterion is also implicitly present in the personality theories of Carl Jung, Carl Rogers, and Viktor Frankl.

  4. Fibrosa S.A. v. Fairbairn Lawson Combe Barbour Ltd (1942) : spółka z Kresów przed Izbą Lordów

    OpenAIRE

    Halberda, Jan

    2015-01-01

    The paper discusses Fibrosa S.A. v. Fairbairn Lawson Combe Barbour Ltd (1942), the case considered as one of several landmark cases in English law of restitution. What was at stake in litigation before the House of Lords was whether a Polish plaintiff should recover a prepayment transferred pursuant to a contract that had become frustrated because of the outbreak of war in 1939. The lords had to decide on the application of two potentially dissonant doctrines – the frustration and the total f...

  5. Lord of the particles

    CERN Multimedia

    Loll, Anna-Cathrin

    2009-01-01

    "Rolf-Dieter Heuer is the new director general of the world's largest particle physics research center. Though the German physicist never expected to gain this influential position in Switzerland, it seems a natural step in his career trajectory" (1.5 pages)

  6. Shiva, Lord of Bhang.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Godlaski, Theodore M

    2012-08-01

    In India, Cannabis Indica has been used for literally thousands of years in the worship of the god Shiva. Cannabis is used in an orally administered form called bhang which can be either the wet resinous leaves formed into pills of a drink made of milk, cannabis, and various spices consumed by worshipers of Shiva on festival days or by smoking the flowering buds of cannabis-a practice generally reserved for holy men who dedicate their lives to ascetic practice and the worship of Shiva. This practice is codified in the Vedas as well as in legends about the origin of cannabis and its relationship to Shiva.

  7. Alfred Marshall en España: desde su omisión hasta su restitución por la política industrial territorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josep-Antoni Ybarra

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available En la literatura española sobre análisis económico territorial, se cita con cierta profusión la obra de Alfred Marshall. En el presente escrito se analizan las razones de que su obra se conociera con cierto retraso en España, así como el porqué son sus aspectos relacionados con la política territorial -especialmente los temas relacionados con los distritos industriales y los clusters territoriales- los que con una mayor atención se han extendido. Clasificación JEL: B20, L16, N90, R58.

  8. [The contribution of Alfred K. Graefe to surgical treatment of paretic squint in the second half of the 19th century].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weidlich, R

    1996-01-01

    Alfred Graefe is one of the three important ophthalmologists of the Graefe family in the nineteenth century, who were engaged scientifically with squint. He dealt with disorders of ocular motility in twenty publications. In: "The indication of operative treatment of paretic eye deviations" Graefe suggested three operative principles: Resection of the paretic muscle, tenotomy of the ipsilateral antagonist and tenotomy of the contralateral synergist. Depending on the amount of the motility disturbance Graefe recommended one or several of these methods. Concerning the vertical muscles Graefe emphasized the importance of parallelism of the retinal meridians. Hence, in the case of superior oblique palsy he favoured a tenotomy of the contralateral inferior rectus.

  9. De la ilegibilidad de lo ajeno. lectura mágica y escritura mimética en Alfred Döblin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sven Werkmeister

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The article discusses and questions the concept of "cultural text" developed by anthropologists such as Clifford Geertz. The theory of culture as text opens the possibility of a semiotic reading of the cultural text, giving the anthropologist the role of hermeneutic interpreter of foreign cultures as systems of symbols. The paper shows, through analysis the literary of trilogy Amazons from German writer Alfred Dóblin, that the ethnographic approach is not always characterized by processes of understanding and interpretation, but is just the reflection of illegibility phenomena can be a fruitful basis for a cultural approach.

  10. Indians, blacks and mixed to beyond of the Amazon landscape: the building of local experience in ethnographic notes of the work of Alfred Russel Wallace (1850-1852

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victor R. L. Silva

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The article reflects on the scientific travels in the Imperial Brazil, highlighting the path way of Alfred Russel Wallace through rivers and equatorial forests of the Amazon valley, and the varied cultural events that took place in this collecting journey. Becomes important the emphasis given to the descriptions of indians and black people of his view, and the analysis of the characteristics and recurrences of this view in comparison of nineteenth-century thought, and in order to break, dissension and creativity.

  11. De onde se vê? Duplicação e dissolução do olhar em Alfred Hitchcock e David Lynch

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ulysses Pinheiro

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo compara dois filmes, Janela indiscreta, de Alfred Hitchcock, e Estrada perdida, de David Lynch, com o objetivo de mostrar que eles ilustram duas maneiras distintas de caracterizar o olhar inumano da percepção cinematográfica, tal como ele foi descrito por Gilles Deleuze. Essas duas maneiras distintas não foram discriminadas pelo próprio Deleuze, mas convergem em direção a sua crítica à hermenêutica.

  12. Analysis of the Dramatic Settings at the Beginning and End of the Poem The Love Song of J.Alfred Prufrock

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈沿西

    2009-01-01

    T.S.Eliot is one of the most prominent poets over the world whose poem The Love Song of J.Alfred Prufrock shows his view of poetry.This paper analyzes the dramatic settings at the beginning and at the end of the poem from the prospect of imagery.Through detailed reading of the poem,one aspect of Eliot's poetic prineiples is presented.Moreover,the theme of this poem-waste land and the individual's needs to pursue personal identity-is summed up by analyzing the images.

  13. “THE CONFESSIONS OF A CHILD OF THE CENTURY” OF ALFRED DE MUSSET and THE FRANCE AFTER THE 1789 FRENCH REVOLUTION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fuat BOYACIOĞLU

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available A lot of poets appeared in France after the Revolution as a fertile field after abondonned for years. The France before the Revolution, in others words, the XVIIIth century was a philosophy century. The France was a country of philosophers. Rousseau, Voltaire, Saint Simon, Diderot, Buffon and D’Alembert had lived in this century. This period was the most splendid, magnificient and influential period of French philosophy. The French philosophy witnessed the magnificence in XVIIIth century had been followed by the French Poetry in the XIXth century. Some of the poets of this period signed great poems in thought and art groups , some wrote poems with their indiviual voice. This period the most fertil of the french poetry prepared two great literary movements: the romantism and the symbolism. Lamartine, Victor Hugo, Vigny, Baudelaire, Nerval, Gautier, Verlaine, Mallarmé became the poets of this period. Thes poets composed unforgettable poems which protect their value in the eyes of poem readers. A poem of Lamartine “ The Lake”, “Tomorrow since the Dawn”, a poem written by Victor Hugo for his daugther Leopoldine, “The Death of the Wolf” of Alfred de Vigny, “ the Correspondances” and “Albatros” of Baudelaire, “the Vintage” of Verlaine and “ The Sea Breeze” of Mallarmé are all unforgettable poems There is a poet rising among all these apex poets even if he isn’t high. This poet is Alfred de Musset who is the mirror of his epoch with his tides, loves, quarrels and melancholies. He is a melancholy poet famous for his poem named “Sadness”. Alfred de Musset shouldering alone all loads after the Revolution and becoming the voice of his period succeeded in writing a great number of poems and dramas during his life of 47 years. Beside all these works, he wrote a novel which is the subject of our article: “The Confession of a Child of the Century”. This novel has an importance because of lighting the life of Alfred de

  14. Harmonikk for det indre øret : En studie av harmonikk som assosiasjonsgiver i Bernard Herrmanns musikk til filmen Vertigo av Alfred Hitchcock

    OpenAIRE

    Bøe, Brynjar

    2012-01-01

    I denne oppgaven tar jeg for meg Bernard Herrmanns musikk til filmen Vertigo fra 1958, regissert av Alfred Hitchcock. Jeg vil forsøke å finne sammenhenger mellom komponistens bruk av harmonikk og filmfortellingen for øvrig. Jeg vil se hvilke hvordan filmkomponisten være med på å fortelle historien i filmen, og hvilke musikalske virkemidler, med vekt på harmonikkrelaterte sådan, han/hun har til rådighet for å gjøre dette. Jeg vil se på noen av de musikalske valgene Herrmann har tatt...

  15. [From Swiss herbs to the global plant system and individual use--a biographic approach to Alfred Vogel].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Melzer, J

    2003-04-01

    Even 100 years after the birth of Alfred Vogel there is a lack of reliable data about his life as a non-doctoral therapist in the fields of naturopathy and phytotherapy. Which documents about A. Vogel do exist, which facts do they prove about his career and which interpretations of his point of view of phytotherapy do they allow. With the methods in medical history (heuristic, critic, interpretation) video, audio and written documents from the A. Vogel Museum and A. Vogel publisher in Teufen, the A. Vogel collection in the Museum in Aesch and the Bioforce AG in Roggwil have been examined. From 1923 to 1932 A. Vogel runs a grocer's shop or a herb and health-food store in Basel and later Bern, Zürich and Solothurn. The economic success of his health-food stores and his interest in the field of naturopathy enable him to take part in a training to become a 'natural doctor' and in 1933 he is registered by the 'Natural Doctors Association of Switzerland'. From 1935 on he is working as a nutritionalist in his own spa pension in Trogen and produces plant extracts in his 'Laboratory Bioforce'. From 1937 to 1957 he has a spa hotel in Teufen and is producer of extracts from fresh plants. He is able to travel all continents of the world from 1958 on, in order to observe customs and medical habits of different tribes. He writes about his findings in his own magazine and books. His knowledge about the usage of herbs in different cultures inspires his production of herbal extracts in his company. In 1963, to meet the increasing sales of his products, he founds the where he, until the early 1990s, takes part in the adjustment of the recipes to the new pharmaceutic-medical standards. Because of his work as a 'natural doctor' A. Vogel becomes one of Switzerland's best known non-doctoral therapists in the 20th century. The publication of his collected wisdom in a lay-like language is a contribution to the tradition and popularity in this field through which, as well as through the

  16. Alfred Wegener - en ilisimatoorsuaq

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Jan

    2007-01-01

    Den naturvidenskabelige grønlandsforskning i begyndelsen af 1900-tallet skulle ikke involvere sig med Grønland. Dens projekt handlede om naturen - ikke kulturen. Wegener er kendt for sin kontinentaldriftsteori, der ofte fremstilles som et resultat af Danmark-ekspeditionens videnskabelige arbejde....... Da Wegener som medlem af ekspeditionen opholdt sig i Nordøstgrønland var tanken om kontinentaldrift imidlertid endnu ikke faldet ham ind. Vi har hans egne ord for, at ideen først opstod i 1910....

  17. Alfred Loisy, más allá del ruido y del humo. «Qui perdiderit animan suam salvam faciet eam (Marc, VIII, 35

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robles Muñoz, Cristobal

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Loisy and the modernism were identified during years. This work tries, beyond the noise and the smoke, to contribute not to loose in the forgetfulness neither the person nor the reasons of Alfred Loisy, one of the most affected by the modernist crisis. We have resorted mainly to his Mémoires. Loisy did not need to hope years to receive the tribute that deserves a person who has not betrayed itself.Loisy y el modernismo se identicaron durante años. Este trabajo pretende, más allá del ruido y del humo, contribuir a que no se pierda en el olvido ni la persona ni las razones de Alfred Loisy, uno de los más afectados por la crisis modernista. Hemos recurrido sobre todo a a sus Mémoires. Loisy no necesitó esperar años para recibir el homenaje que merece una persona que no se ha traicionado.

  18. Influência dos modelos de Alfred e de Andreasen sobre a microestrutura e densidade a verde de compactos cerâmicos obtidos por colagem ou prensagem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ortega Fernando dos Santos

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available A densidade de empacotamento de pós cerâmicos pode ser maximizada mediante o uso de modelos teóricos de distribuição de tamanho de partículas, o que pode resultar em importantes efeitos no comportamento reológico de suspensões, e em sensível aumento na densidade a verde dos compactos. Neste trabalho, foram estudadas propriedades de pós com distribuição de tamanho de partícula segundo os modelos de Alfred e de Andreasen em compactos obtidos por prensagem uniaxial, isostática e por colagem de barbotina. Verificou-se que embora o modelo de Alfred seja mais bem fundamentado que o de Andreasen, proporcionou compactos de menor densidade e pouca homogeneidade, nas amostras obtidas por colagem. Este comportamento foi atribuído à estrutura de poros do compacto, a qual possibilitou o arraste de partículas finas pelo fluxo de água. Nas amostras com distribuição segundo o modelo de Andreasen, isto não foi verificado.

  19. LAS CIUDADES EN EL CINE DE ALFRED HITCHCOCK. UNA APROXIMACIÓN A LOS ESTUDIOS FÍLMICOS DESDE EL AMBITO DE LA GEOGRAFÍA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aurelio Nieto Codina

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se proponen pautas en relación a la influencia de lo audiovisual en nuestra percepción de la ciudad, seleccionando para este objetivo algunas películas de Alfred Hitchcock. La relación del cineasta con la ciudad es ambivalente, unas veces muestra la ciudad como fuente de referencias emblemáticas, mientras en otros casos no duda en estigmatizar la ciudad tradicional compacta (centros urbanos tradicionales y apostar por modelos de urbanismo extensivo (periferias urbanas. Se describe también una nueva forma de turismo urbano, que explota los escenarios que aparecen en las películas como recurso turístico.Abstract. In this paper we propose guidelines regarding the influence of the audiovisual in our perception of the city, selecting for this purpose some of Alfred Hitchcock´s movies. The filmmaker's relationship with the city is ambivalent, sometimes shows the city as a source of symbolic references, while in other cases does not hesitate to stigmatize traditional compact city (downtowns and go for extensive planning models (suburb. It also describes a new form of urban tourism that exploits the scenarios that appear in movies as a tourism resource.

  20. Archaeology in Biologia Centrali-Americana or Contributions to the Knowledge of the Fauna and Flora of Mexico and Central America, by Alfred Maudsiay, University of Oklahoma Press, Norman.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Douglas R. Givens

    2002-05-01

    Full Text Available The University of Oklahoma Press has done an extreme service to those interested in the history of Mesoamerican archaeology. It has published the original 1902 pioneering work of Alfred Maudslay in four volumes. The reissue of Maudslay's classic contains more than 390 pages of black and white plates and line drawings in addition to Maudslay's original text, notes, and archaic calendars. This facsimile edition is Alfred Percival Maudslay's monumental study of Mayan civilization which has been lauded by many Mayanists around the world.

  1. Mundo de la vida, comprensión y acción intersubjetiva en la sociología fenomenológica de Alfred Schütz

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Héctor Mora Nawrath

    2009-01-01

    El artículo elabora una aproximación descriptiva y analítica respecto de tres conceptos centrales en la propuesta de Alfred Schütz: ‘mundo de la vida’ (Lebenswelt), ‘comprensión’ (Verstehen) y ‘acción intersubjetiva...

  2. A Comparative Image Study of two Love Songs-The Sun Rising by John Donne and The Love Song of J.Alfred Prufrock by T.S Eliot

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘璨

    2013-01-01

    The Sun Rising is one of the most famous metaphysical poems of John Donne. The Love Song of J.Alfred Prufrock is known as the first Modernist poem of T.S Eliot. This paper mainly aims to analyze the strikingly unconventional images use in the two poems, and make comments on their effect on expressing the poet emotions.

  3. La problemática de la intersubjetividad en la socio-fenomenología de Alfred Schütz

    OpenAIRE

    Berbegal Vázquez, Alfredo

    2013-01-01

    Trabajo Fin de Máster. Máster Universitario en Filosofía Teórica y Práctica. Especialidad de Historia de la Filosofía y Pensamiento Contemporáneo La problemática de la intersubjetividad está en el corazón del proyecto sociológico de Alfred Schütz. Asumir la continuación de la sociología comprensiva de Max Weber le exige adentrase en los sistemas filosóficos de Henri Bergson y de Edmund Husserl, estableciendo con ellos una relación de acercamiento y alejamiento permanente a lo l...

  4. Adler, Alfred. – Roi sorcier, mère sorcière. Parenté, sorcellerie et pouvoir en Afrique noire

    OpenAIRE

    Dibakana Mouanda, Jean-Aimé

    2008-01-01

    Directeur de recherche émérite à l’École pratique des hautes études, Alfred Adler s’emploie depuis plusieurs années à mettre en lumière la nature, la fonction et la gestion du pouvoir dans les sociétés traditionnelles d’Afrique noire selon la perspective de l’anthropologie politique et religieuse. Cette dernière livraison, dans laquelle il se propose de démêler les liens combien complexes qu’entretiennent la parenté, la politique et la sorcellerie, s’inscrit donc dans la continuité de ses tra...

  5. La estructura temporal de la intervención en el Trabajo Social. Un enfoque desde la fenomenología de Alfred Schutz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramiro Rodríguez

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo, aborda la intervención en el Trabajo Social, situándola entre una forma de acción que se constituye en fases temporales, cuya duración se da enteramente en el flujo de conciencia de los sujetos participantes. En este sentido, la intervención, tendría su génesis, en lo que Alfred Schütz llama objeto temporal inmanente, en virtud de un continuum de retenciones y protenciones, que conforman el horizonte de pasado y futuro de la acción, pero por otro lado, la intervención sería resultante de procesos de coexistencia y simultaneidad de dos conciencias, a partir de la puesta cara a cara entre el trabajador social y el otro, y la relación social nosotros que le es subsecuente.

  6. {Data and metadata schemes in chains of direct and inverse problems in spectroscopy of water} A.Fazliev (1), A.Kozodoev (1), N.Lavrentiev (1), A.Privezentsev (1), J.Tennyson (2) (1) Institute of Atmospheric Optics SB RAS, Tomsk, Russia, (2) University Col

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fazliev, A.

    2009-04-01

    file of columnar structure with fixed columns width and should contain a set of nonrepeatable entities in a row. All the lines in this file should be of identical structure. In the given system data upload and adjusting for the organization of results of solution of a definite task of a chain in domain database is actualized by application programmer. An XML-scheme is created for each task. This scheme describes the structure of uploaded data as well as some constraints on the values. A list of molecular spectroscopy concepts was created by a knowledge engineer. Basing on this list data scheme of each task was formulated. A menu that defines a sequence of user operations in the process of data input was created. The scripts (PHP) that implement these operations were developed. REFERENCES L.S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D.Chris Benner, M. Birk, L.R. Brown, M.R. Carleer, C. Chackerian, Jr, K. Chance, V. Dana, V.M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R.R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K.W. Jucks, A.G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S.T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C.P. Rinsland, M.A.H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R.N. Tolchenov, R.A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, G. Wagner, The HITRAN 2004 Molecular Spectroscopic Database, Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy & Radiative Transfer 96 (2005) 139-204, Data bank HITRAN, http://cfa-www.harvard.edu/hitran/ Geisa, http://ether.ipsl.jussieu.fr/ Internet-accessible information system "Spectroscopy of Atmospheric Gases", http://spectra.iao.ru A.D.Bykov, A.Z. Fazliev, N.N.Filippov, A.V. Kozodoev, A.I.Privezentsev, L.N.Sinitsa, M.V.Tonkov and M.Yu.Tretyakov, Distributed information system on atmospheric spectroscopy, Geophysical Research Abstracts, SRef-ID: 1607-7962/gra/EGU2007-A-01906, 2007, v. 9, p. 01906. A.V. Kozodoev. A.I.Prevezentsev, A.Z. Fazliev Annotation of information resources in "Molecular spectroscopy" distributed information system, Electronic Libraries, 2006, Ch.9, ver.3 (in Russian) http

  7. Església i poder comtal al territori d’Urgell. Guifré el Pilós i la reorganització de la Vall de Lord

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Riu, Manuel

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available This article shows how was "La Vall de Lord" organized in four castles, their respective territories and ten rural parish churches and also their evolution during the ninth and tenth centuries. It explains the exemption land taxes in the southern part of the Urgell's county and bishopric, and the relievant role of Guifred "el Pilos" count and Seu bishops in that establishment. Two bénédictine monasteries, Sant Llorenç de Morunys and Sant Pere de Graudescales, had an important development in the "Vail de Lord". At the first time, both were regular priests'canonicals.[fr] Dans cet article, on présente l'organisation de la Vallée de Lord en quatre chatellenies et dix paroisses, et leur évolution pendant les IXème et Xème siècles, en indiquant le statut de zone franche dans la limite méridionale du comté et évêché d'Urgell, et le rôle notoire du comte Guifred "el Pilos" et des prélats de La Seu. Dans la vallée prirent leur essor également deux monastères bénédictins, celui de Sant Llorenç de Morunys et celui de Sant Pere de Graudescales, qui furent initialement des chapitres de clercs réguliers.

  8. The Lipid lowering and Onset of Renal Disease (LORD Trial: A randomized double blind placebo controlled trial assessing the effect of atorvastatin on the progression of kidney disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Geraghty Dominic P

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background There is evidence that dyslipidemia is associated with chronic kidney disease (CKD. Experimental studies have established that lipids are damaging to the kidney and animal intervention studies show statins attenuate this damage. Small clinical trials, meta-analyses, observational studies and post-hoc analyses of cardiovascular intervention studies all support the concept that statins can reduce kidney damage in humans. Based on this background, a double blind randomized placebo controlled trial was designed to assess the effectiveness of atorvastatin 10 mg on slowing the progression of kidney disease in a population of patients with CKD. Method/Design The Lipid lowering and Onset of Renal Disease (LORD trial is a three-year, single center, multi-site, double blind, randomized, placebo controlled trial. The primary outcome measure is kidney function measured by eGFR calculated by both Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD and Cockcroft and Gault equations. Secondary outcome measures include kidney function measured by 24-hour urine creatinine clearance and also 24-hour urinary protein excretion, markers of oxidative stress, inflammation and drug safety and tolerability. Discussion The results of this study will help determine the effectiveness and safety of atorvastatin and establish its effects on oxidative stress and inflammation in patients with CKD. Trial Registration ANZCTRN012605000693628

  9. The analysis of the theme in"The Love Song of J.Alfred Prufrock"%《J.阿尔弗雷德·普鲁弗洛克的情歌》赏析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马琳

    2008-01-01

    This paper aims at providing some information on the comprehension and appreciation of"The Love Song of J.Alfred s meditation over the business of the suggested marriage proposal.The theme of the poem can be explored by the analysis of Pro-frock's complicated psychological activities.The paralysis of Pruffock can be obviously shown through this 140-1ine poem.

  10. Power and powerlessness: Alfred Schutz’s theory of relevance and its possible impact on a sociological analysis of power = Poder e desempoderamento: a teoria da relevância de Alfred Schutz e seu possível impacto na análise sociológica do poder

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Goettlich, Andreas

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Após demonstrar que há um certo déficit na reflexão sociológica disponível sobre poder, o artigo discute o possível benefício de consultar a teoria da relevância de Alfred Schutz para o estudo de relações de poder. Em especial, a distinção de Schutz entre relevância “intrínseca” e “imposta” é reconsiderada detidamente. A tese sustenta que uma adoção dos conceitos de Schutz podem ser originais, particularmente ao explorer a perspectiva daqueles sujeitos de poder, entretanto, esta aplicação exige alguma revisão teórica

  11. Resister's logic: the anti-vaccination arguments of Alfred Russel Wallace and their role in the debates over compulsory vaccination in England, 1870-1907.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fichman, Martin; Keelan, Jennifer E

    2007-09-01

    In the 1880s, Alfred Russel Wallace, the celebrated co-discoverer of natural selection, launched himself into the centre of a politicised and polarised debate over the unpopular compulsory vaccination laws in England. Wallace never wavered in his belief that smallpox vaccination was useless and likely dangerous. Six years before his death, the anti-vaccinationists successfully secured a conscience clause that effectively dismantled the compulsory vaccination laws. Several other important Victorian scientists joined Wallace in the fight to repeal compulsory vaccination arguing that widely held views on the effectiveness of vaccination and evidence for immunity were inconclusive in the light of (then) contemporary standards of evidence. This article situates Wallace's anti-vaccination logic within the broader matrix of sociopolitical and cultural reform movements of the late Victorian era. Additionally it provides the first detailed analysis of his critique of vaccination science, in particular the role statistics played in his arguments. In this period, both pro-vaccinationists and anti-vaccinationists invested great efforts in collating and analysing statistical data sets that either supported or refuted the claims of vaccination's effectiveness. While each side presented 'controlled' case studies to support their assertions, without an unambiguous test to measure or demonstrate vaccination's effectiveness, the anti-vaccinationists continued to mount credible statistical critiques of vaccination science.

  12. Using Remote Sensing and GIS Techniques to Detect Changes to the Prince Alfred Hamlet Conservation Area in the Western Cape, South Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duncan, P.; Lewarne, M.

    2016-06-01

    Understanding and identifying the spatial-temporal changes in the natural environment is crucial for monitoring and evaluating conservation efforts, as well as understanding the impact of human activities on natural resources, informing responsible land management, and promoting better decision-making. Conservation areas are often under pressure from expanding farming and related industry, invasive alien vegetation, and an ever-increasing human settlement footprint. This study focuses on detecting changes to the Prince Alfred Hamlet commonage, near Ceres in the Cape Floral Kingdom. It was chosen for its high conservation value and significance as a critical water source area. The study area includes a fast-growing human settlement footprint in a highly productive farming landscape. There are conflicting development needs as well as risks to agricultural production, and both of these threaten the integrity of the ecosystems which supply underlying services to both demands on the land. Using a multi-disciplinary approach and high-resolution satellite imagery, land use and land cover changes can be detected and classified, and the results used to support the conservation of biodiversity and wildlife, and protect our natural resources. The aim of this research is to study the efficacy of using remote sensing and GIS techniques to detect changes to critical conservation areas where disturbances can be understood, and therefore better managed and mitigated before these areas are degraded beyond repair.

  13. 借鉴原始威士忌酒桶的设计 Alfred Dunhill推出南极威士忌酒柜

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Alfred Dunhill南极威士忌酒柜(Antarctic Whisky Cabinet)近日亮相,向欧内斯特·沙克尔顿(Ernest Shackleton)富有传奇色彩的Nimrod远征遥遥致意。特制手工橡木酒柜饰以手工雕刻镶嵌细工南极地图,内盛令每一位威士忌收藏家艳羡不已的奢华威士忌。铅晶质玻璃和纯银条配饰与威士忌相伴,酒瓶的设计直接取材于沙克尔顿远征队成员留在南极的酒瓶——人们最近才在南极洲的沙克尔顿营地发现了这些完好如初的酒瓶。

  14. The excluded philosophy of evo-devo? Revisiting C.H. Waddington's failed attempt to embed Alfred North Whitehead's "organicism" in evolutionary biology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peterson, Erik L

    2011-01-01

    Though a prominent British developmental biologist in his day, a close friend of Theodosius Dobzhansky, and a frequent correspondent with Ernst Mayr, C.H. Waddington did not enter the ranks of "architect" of the Modern Synthesis. By the end of his career, in fact, he recognized that other biologists reacted to his work "as though they feel obscurely uneasy"; and that the best that some philosophers of biology could say of his work was that he was not "wholly orthodox" (Waddington 1975c, 11). In this essay, I take Waddington's self-assessments at face value and explore three potential reasons why his work did not have more of a direct impact: Waddington's explicit support for the philosophy of Alfred North Whitehead; a lack of institutional support; and Waddington's occasional marginalization from the core network of American neo-Darwinians. Though excluded from the Modern Synthesis in the mid-20th century, it now appears that Waddington's work does undergird the emerging evo-devo synthesis. Whether this indicates concomitant, if implicit, support for Whiteheadian philosophy is an interesting question not explored here.

  15. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi induced differential Cd and P phytoavailability via intercropping of upland kangkong (Ipomoea aquatica Forsk.) with Alfred stonecrop (Sedum alfredii Hance): post-harvest study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Junli; Li, Jintian; Wu, Fuyong; Wu, Shengchun; Ye, Zhihong; Lin, Xiangui; Wong, Ming Hung

    2013-12-01

    A post-harvest experiment was conducted further to our previous greenhouse pot study on upland kangkong (Ipomoea aquatica Forsk.) and Alfred stonecrop (Sedum alfredii Hance) intercropping system in Cd-contaminated soil inoculated with arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi. Previously, four treatments were established in the intercropping experiment, including monoculture of kangkong (control), intercropping with stonecrop (IS), and IS plus inoculation with Glomus caledonium (IS+Gc) or Glomus versiforme (IS+Gv). Both kangkong and stonecrop plants were harvested after growing for 8 weeks. Then, the tested soils were reclaimed for growing post-harvest kangkong for 6 weeks. In the post-harvest experiment, there were no significant differences between the IS and control treatments, except for a significantly decreased (pkangkong. In addition, both Gc and Gv significantly increased (pkangkong yield, while Gc only significantly elevated (p<0.05) the shoot P concentration. It suggested that AM fungi have played key roles in Cd stabilization and P mobilization in the intercropping system, and such positive responses seemed to be sustainable and valuable in post-harvest soils.

  16. Alfred Marshall e as “evoluções” vitorianas: situando Darwin e Spencer nos fundamentos teóricos do pensamento marshalliano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Ramon Souza Luz

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Partindo de um estudo comparativo entre as vi­sões teóricas de Charles Darwin e Herbert Spen­cer sobre os processos de mudança, este artigo procura entender como a gênese dessas ideias acerca da evolução influenciou o pensamento econômico de Alfred Marshall. Nesse sentido, num primeiro momento apresentamos como Darwin e Spencer construíram abordagens completamente distintas e inconciliáveis para entender os fenômenos de mudança em siste­mas complexos. A seguir, buscaremos entender como Marshall absorveu essas elaborações vito­rianas sobre a evolução dentro de seu construto teórico. Assim, focando nossa investigação nos Principles  (1890 e trabalhando com as ideias ali contidas sobre mudança, progresso, equilí­brio e firma representativa, buscaremos assina­lar que Marshall seguiu um código de ciência caracterizadamente spenceriano, em que sua abordagem, muitas vezes interpretada como “evolucionária”, não apresenta contradição ou incompatibilidade com uma perspectiva fun­dada no essencialismo neoclássico.

  17. Continuidade ou ruptura? Uma análise de alguns aspectos da filosofia social de John Stuart Mill, Alfred Marshall e John Maynard Keynes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    LAURA VALLADÃO DE MATTOS

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available O artigo argumenta que é possível se falar em uma 'tradição' no campo de filosofia social e econômica unindo as obras de J.S. Mill e Alfred Marshall e J.M. Keynes. Essa 'tradição' pode ser caracterizada pelas seguintes concepções: (a pela rejeição moral aos valores aquisitivos do capitalismo; (b pela visão de que o sistema capitalista seria incapaz de resolver de forma espontânea as questões das desigualdades de renda e riqueza e da pobreza; (c pela ideia de que, por uma questão de garantia de liberdade e da diversidade, além de por questões de eficiência econômica, dever-se-ia deixar a iniciativa individual agir livremente nas esferas em que é capaz de engendrar bons resultados, mas que o Estado deveria intervir, quando essa falha, atuando em benefício da coletividade; (d pela crença de que seria possível melhorar significativamente esse sistema por meio de mudanças pontuais e graduais.

  18. La antropología, el arte y la vida de las cosas. Una aproximación desde "Art and Agency" de Alfred Gell

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio Martínez Luna

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available El arte ha sido un concepto controvertido para la teoría antropológica desde sus inicios. La Antropología se situó a menudo entre el reconocimiento de la singularidad cultural de objetos y prácticas a los que no se podía calificar como artísticos sin caer en el etnocentrismo y el esfuerzo por componer marcos comparativos tan amplios como para incluir una variedad de prácticas humanas relativas a la experiencia estética. Para salir del espacio definido por esos dos discursos, Alfred Gell sugirió que la experiencia del arte tiene que ver con una especial forma de atribución de agencia a los objetos y las imágenes. Considerar este fenómeno puede ser el punto de partida para elaborar una genuina teoría antropológica del arte, construida sobre la especificidad de la disciplina y sus herramientas conceptuales. Tal enfoque plantea cuestiones acerca de la definición de los conceptos de agencia, personalidad y materialidad que comprometen a otras versiones del análisis y la crítica cultural.

  19. 弥尔顿悼亡诗《梦亡妻》与丁尼生《碎了,碎了,碎了》艺术比较%The artistic comparison between John Milton’ s On His Deceased Wife and Alfred Tennyson’ s Break, break, break

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈珏霖; 钱志富

    2015-01-01

    Both Milton and Tennyson are great poets at different periods in Britain. Although Milton ’ s On His Deceased Wife and Tennyson ’ s Break, break, break are both elegiac poems , the subject matter as well as the theme is different .The former is versified because of Milton ’ s mourning for his dead wife , Katherine Wood Kirk; while the latter is in memory of Tenny-son’ s early dead friend , Harlem.These two poems are different in figures , rhythms, and the choice of images .Thus, there are some artistic differences in these two poems .%弥尔顿和丁尼生是处于英国不同时期的两位伟大诗人。《梦亡妻》和《碎了,碎了,碎了》虽同为悼亡诗,但两者题材各异,主题也不相同,前者是弥尔顿悼念亡妻凯瑟琳・伍德柯克而作,而后者是丁尼生为纪念早逝的友人哈勒姆而作的诗。这两首诗在人物对象、韵律与节奏以及意象选择上不尽相同,这就使两者存在了诗歌艺术上的差异。

  20. Abducted children and youth in Lord's Resistance Army in Northeastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC): mechanisms of indoctrination and control.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelly, Jocelyn Td; Branham, Lindsay; Decker, Michele R

    2016-01-01

    Globally, an estimated 300,000 children under the age of 18 participate in combat situations; those in armed groups in particular suffer prolonged exposure to psychological and physical abuse. The Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) is a rebel movement known for its widespread conscription of children; yet little is known about this process once the group moved beyond northern Uganda. In this paper, we describe the processes related to abduction and indoctrination of youth by the LRA in northeastern Democratic Republic of the Congo ( DRC). In-depth interviews were conducted with formerly abducted children, their family members, community leaders, and service providers (total n = 34) in four communities in LRA-affected areas of northeastern DRC. Inductive coding of transcripts was undertaken to identify salient themes. Informants articulated a range of practices by the LRA to exert high levels of control over new recruits, including strict social isolation from recent abductees; control of communication; promoting new identity formation; and compelling children to act out strictly defined gendered roles. Witchcraft and secrecy are used to intimidate recruits and to magnify perception of the group's power. These methods promote de-identification with one's civilian and family life; and eventually the assimilation of a new language and identity. Indoctrination of newly abducted children into the LRA occurs via a complex system of control. This study provides one of the first detailed explorations of social and psychological mechanisms through which this is achieved, and focuses particularly on the gendered differences in the indoctrination process. Results support past findings that the LRA is a strategic and well-organized organization in its approach to enlisting child soldiers. Understanding some of the ways in which the LRA controls its recruits and the psychological impact of indoctrination enables reintegration programs to more effectively address these issues

  1. Exploration andAnalysis oftheBook ofLordShang's Conception of Monarch%《商君书》君主观探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张功

    2012-01-01

    The Book of Lord Shang abandoned the mystical halo which hanged over the monarch, the rationality of the existence of the monarch lies in meeting the requirement of conforming to the development trend of social politics and unifying ideas of governmental management. The monarch ruled the country by law and yuan, unifying reward, punishment and education, took the responsibility for constructing a sublimate and moral society where all men would be self-discipline; the monarch should fulfill his duty, by rigid system construction, bringing about the objective circumstance that the subject have to abide by the national acts, and creating a situation that bureaucracies restrict and supervise each other to control the crime of dereliction. So there turned up the most truthful conception of monarch among those theories of great philosophers in the pre-qin times.%《商君书》摒弃了笼罩在君主身上的神秘光环,认为君主存在的合理性在于顺应社会政治发展和统一政府管理理念的需要。君主的职责是缘法治国,壹赏、壹刑、壹教,构建人人自律的道德化理想社会。君主要完成其职责,需通过严密的制度建设,形成臣民不得不遵守国家法令的客观形势(势),造成官吏互相制衡、互相监督的局面,控制官吏渎职犯罪(术)。《商君书》的君主观是先秦诸子学说中最具真理成分的君主观。

  2. The Lord Howe Rise continental ribbon: a fragment of eastern Gondwana that reveals the drivers of continental rifting and plate tectonics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saito, S.; Hackney, R. I.; Bryan, S. E.; Kimura, J. I.; Müller, D.; Arculus, R. J.; Mortimer, N. N.; Collot, J.; Tamura, Y.; Yamada, Y.

    2016-12-01

    Plate tectonics and resulting changes in crustal architecture profoundly influence global climate, oceanic circulation, and the origin, distribution and sustainability of life. Ribbons of continental crust rifted from continental margins are one product of plate tectonics that can influence the Earth system. Yet we have been unable to fully resolve the tectonic setting and evolution of huge, thinned, submerged, and relatively inaccessible continental ribbons like the Lord Howe Rise (LHR), which formed during Cretaceous fragmentation of eastern Gondwana. Thinned continental ribbons like the LHR are not easily explained or predicted by plate-tectonic theory. However, because Cretaceous rift basins on the LHR preserve the stratigraphy of an un-accreted and intact continental ribbon, they can help to determine whether plate motion is self-organised—passively driven by the pull of negatively-buoyant subducting slabs—or actively driven by convective flow in the mantle. In a self-organising scenario, the LHR formed in response to ocean-ward retreat of the long-lived eastern Gondwana subduction zone and linked upper-plate extension. In the mantle-driven scenario, the LHR resulted from rifting near the eastern edge of Gondwana that was triggered by processes linked to emplacement of a silicic Large Igneous Province. These scenarios can be distinguished using the ribbon's extensional history and the composition and tectonic affinity of igneous rocks within rift basins. However, current knowledge of LHR rift basins is based on widely-distributed marine and satellite geophysical data, limited dredge samples, and sparse shallow drilling (<600 m below-seafloor). This limits our ability to understand the evolution of extended continental ribbons, but a recent deep crustal seismic survey across the LHR and a proposed IODP deep stratigraphic well through a LHR rift basin provide new opportunities to explore the drivers behind rifting, continental ribboning and plate tectonics.

  3. 基辛格(Henry Alfred Kissinge)外交理论形成的现实与心理基础

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗贤英; 罗艳; 罗贤站

    2012-01-01

    时间荏苒,历史沧桑.中国从建国初期的“打扫干净屋子再请客”、“另起炉灶”、“一边倒”、“一条线”、到“一大片”,直至今天借助加入世贸,融入“地球村”,与国际接轨.其国际地位与政治话语权凸显.此一系列成就的取得与中国与美国在上世纪七十年代初期在上海公开发表震惊世界的《中美联合公报》,中美1972年正式建交的重大历史性事件的发生密不可分.正是这一重大历史事件打破了中西方冻结22年的外交坚冰,从而呈现了世界外交史上最繁荣的景象.无疑,美前国务卿亨利·阿尔弗雷德·基辛格(Henry AlfredKissinge),这位领先破冰之旅的世界著名外交家,在此次历史事件中,功不可没.2012年是中关建交40周年纪念年,值此,对基辛格的外交理论加以研究,极有意义.

  4. Lord’s Paradox Revisited - (On Lord! Kumbaya!)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-10-03

    Here, Lord’s paradox has surfaced through a variant named the Birth Weight paradox, which presents a new twist . Whereas in Lord’s setup we faced a...research. PLOS One 9 artikel nr e95949. Fisher, R. (1935). The Design of Experiments. Oliver and Boyd, Edinburgh. Frangakis, C. and Rubin, D. (2002

  5. 威廉·戈尔丁小说《蝇王》的文体学解读%Stylistic Interpretation of Willaim Golding’s Lord of the Flies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘贞

    2011-01-01

    《蝇王》是当代英国作家威廉·戈尔丁的成名作和代表作。小说情节简单,但内涵丰富。这与小说所传达的深刻的人性"恶"道德主题密不可分。运用英国著名文体学家利奇和肖特《小说文体论》中的相关理论,从视角变换﹑句尾焦点和篇章线性等文体特征出发,探讨《蝇王》传达并深化小说主题的方法。%Lord of the Flies is acknowledged as Willaim Golding’s representative work.Simple as it is,this novel has rich connotations,which is closely related to the moral theme of human evilness.This paper,in accordance with Style in Fiction by Geoffrey N.Leech and Michael H.Short,interprets Lord of the Flies.Great emphases are laid on such prominent stylistic features as shifts of points of view,the principle of end-focus and the linearity of the text,more important,on the ways of such stylistic features to convey the salient theme of this novel — the darkness of human nature.

  6. Jupiter: Lord of the Planets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaufmann, William

    1984-01-01

    Presents a chapter from an introductory college-level astronomy textbook in which full-color photographs and numerous diagrams highlight an extensive description of the planet Jupiter. Topics include Jupiter's geology, rotation, magnetic field, atmosphere (including clouds and winds), and the Great Red Spot. (DH)

  7. T.S Eliot--The Representative Figure of New Criticism & Love Song of J.Alfred Prufrock%T.S艾略特之"阿尔佛雷特的爱之歌"与新批评主义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李梅

    2002-01-01

    This article discusses that the development of new criticism is the anti-romantic thrust of Eliot's thinking. Famously he wrote: "Poetry is not a turning loose of emotion, but an escape from emotion; it is not the expression of personality, but an escape from personality". The Love Song of J.Alfred Prufrock is a poem with a notable modern emotional coloring.The title of the poem is ironic in that the "Love Song" is in fact about the absence of love. It is interesting also for its method of presentation.Eliot's poetry said more about the moden chaos and their volumes put together.

  8. Alfred Vulpian and Jean-Martin Charcot in each other's shadow? From Castor and Pollux at La Salpêtrière to neurology forever.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bogousslavsky, Julien; Walusinski, Olivier; Moulin, Thierry

    2011-01-01

    While Alfred Vulpian (1826-1887) is not completely forgotten, he cannot match the uninterrupted celebrity which Jean-Martin Charcot (1825-1893) still enjoys today. After becoming interne (residents) at the same institute in 1848, both were involved in shaping the cradle of what would become modern neurology. Both started work as chiefs at a La Salpêtrière service on January 1, 1862, making common rounds and studies, with several common publications. While their friendship remained 'for life', as stated by Charcot at Vulpian's funeral, their career paths differed. Vulpian progressed quicker and higher, being appointed full professor and elected at the Académie Nationale de Médecine and the Académie des Sciences several years before Charcot, as well as becoming dean of the Paris Faculty of Medicine. These positions also enabled him to support his friend Charcot in getting appointed full clinical professor and becoming the first holder of the chair of Clinique des Maladies du Système Nerveux in 1882. Before studying medicine, Vulpian had worked in physiology with Pierre Flourens, and his career always remained balanced between physiology and neurology, with remarkable papers. He introduced Charcot to optic microscopy during their La Salpêtrière years, indirectly helping him to become his successor to the chair of pathological anatomy in 1872. While Vulpian succeeded so well in local medical affairs, Charcot spent his time building up a huge clinical service and a teaching 'school' at La Salpêtrière, which he never left for over 31 years until his death. This 'school' progressively became synonymous with clinical neurology itself and perpetuated the master's memory for decades. Vulpian never had such support, although Jules Déjerine was his pupil and Joseph Babinski was his interne before becoming Charcot's chef de clinique (chief of staff) in 1885. This unusual switch in Parisian medicine contributed to Charcot's unaltered celebrity over more than a century

  9. 5th October 2011 - Vienna Science and Technology Fund Board of Directors ((WWTF) led by Its President, Lord Mayor and Governor of Vienna M. Häupl, signing the guest book with Head of International relations F. Pauss and Director for Administration and General Infrastructure S. Lettow.

    CERN Multimedia

    2011-01-01

    5th October 2011 - Vienna Science and Technology Fund Board of Directors ((WWTF) led by Its President, Lord Mayor and Governor of Vienna M. Häupl, signing the guest book with Head of International relations F. Pauss and Director for Administration and General Infrastructure S. Lettow.

  10. News Particle Physics: ATLAS unveils mural at CERN Prize: Corti Trust invites essay entries Astrophysics: CERN holds cosmic-ray conference Researchers in Residence: Lord Winston returns to school Music: ATLAS scientists record physics music Conference: Champagne flows at Reims event Competition: Students triumph at physics olympiad Teaching: Physics proves popular in Japanese schools Forthcoming Events

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    Particle Physics: ATLAS unveils mural at CERN Prize: Corti Trust invites essay entries Astrophysics: CERN holds cosmic-ray conference Researchers in Residence: Lord Winston returns to school Music: ATLAS scientists record physics music Conference: Champagne flows at Reims event Competition: Students triumph at physics olympiad Teaching: Physics proves popular in Japanese schools Forthcoming Events

  11. 1 October 2013 - British Minister of State for Trade and Investment Lord Green of Hurstpierpoint signing the guest book with Head of Internationals Relations R. Voss; visiting the LHC tunnel at Point 1 and the ATLAS experimental cavern with ATLAS Collaboration Members K. Behr and J. Catmore.

    CERN Multimedia

    Jean-Claude Gadmer

    2013-01-01

    1 October 2013 - British Minister of State for Trade and Investment Lord Green of Hurstpierpoint signing the guest book with Head of Internationals Relations R. Voss; visiting the LHC tunnel at Point 1 and the ATLAS experimental cavern with ATLAS Collaboration Members K. Behr and J. Catmore.

  12. Relationship between the Mongolia Family of Lord Bin and the Ejina Prefecture in the Yuan Dynasty%蒙古豳王家族与元代亦集乃路之关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

      蒙古豳王出伯一族系察合台后裔,1277至1282年间脱离察合台汗国而投归元廷忽必烈麾下,被委以重任,长期驻守河西走廊西端的肃、瓜、沙及西域东部的哈密地区,始终处于抵御窝阔台汗海都、察合台汗都哇等西北诸王叛乱的第一线。透过黑水城元代汉文文书,如《大德四年军粮文卷》、仁宗朝文献(编号F116:W561)、TK204文书、TK248文书等,可见作为元代之军事集结地与物资供给地的亦集乃路以其特殊的地理位置,成为了元朝西北边防线上的重要军事堡垒,而活跃于西陲重地的豳王出伯家族一直与其保持着密切的联系,互相引以为援,从而进一步巩固了西北边防。%the clan of Chu Bo, Mongolian Lord Bin, was the offspring of Chagatai Khanate. They broke away from Chagatai Khanate and submitted to Kublai Khan from 1277 to 1282. They were entrusted with the important task to garrisoning the Suzhou, Guazhou, and Hami regions at the west end of the Hexi Corridor, the front line of defending against rebellions of the other lords such as Ogadai Khan and Chagatai Khan. The Yuan dynasty Chinese documents from Khara-Khoto, including F116:W561, TK204, and TK248, suggest that Ejina Prefecture, which enjoyed a special geographical position and served as the place for military buildup and material supply, became an important fortress on the northwestern defense line, and kept a close relation with the clan of Lord Bin, who were active in that region. They worked together to enhance the stability of the northwestern border.

  13. Dialogue posthume avec Alfred Gell

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalie Heinich

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Presented as an imaginary dialogue with the author of Art and Agency, this paper displays a number of methodological shared positions: the contextualist nature of his epistemology, his focus on relations rather than on objects, his sense of pragmatism, his proximity with the notion of “person-objects” such as developed by the author of the present paper, his attention to the meso-social level and, eventually, his neutral standing in front of research objects. In spite of a few disagreements, all these properties bring to light a convergence between Gell’s anthropological approach and the kind of sociological methodology presently practiced in certain trends of French sociology.

  14. The Identity Dilemma:An Interpretation of Joseph Conrad's Lord Jim%身份的困惑——康拉德小说《吉姆爷》解读

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜明业

    2011-01-01

    选取康拉德小说《吉姆爷》之主人公吉姆身份的双重性为研究对象,从"白种人的流浪汉""圣人与魔鬼"和"主人和俘虏"三个方面揭示出吉姆身份认同的复杂性与矛盾性特点,展现其生存困境。%Joseph Conrad ranks now among the most important of English novelists of in the history of English literature because of his great works with profound themes,wide background,and consummate narrative methods.His Lord Jim is regarded by most Joseph Conrad's

  15. The Press in Hunan Province and the News Reports of Local Lords and Evil Gentry(1926-1927)%湖南报纸与“土豪劣绅”的报道(1926-1927)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周军

    2012-01-01

    "土豪劣绅"是湖南农民运动时期的革命对象,当时湖南地区的两份大报湖南《大公报》和《湖南民报》中有不少这方面的报道,报纸对"土豪劣绅"的指称,描述了"土豪劣绅"的一些基本特征。湖南报纸关于土豪劣绅的报道,既是土豪劣绅民间形象的自然反映,也应视为报纸"塑造"的结果。这些报道与《湖南民报》和湖南《大公报》的自身立场、时局变换以及社会风气的转移有关,而且在大革命时期的两湖地区以及两湖以外的地区,产生了不同程度的影响。%Local lords and evil gentry were the objection of revolution during Hunan Peasant Movement.Hunan Ta-kung Daily and Hunan People’ Daily reported lots of news reports about local lords and evil gentry in 1926-1927,and represented their character,which were the reflection of their local image and the result of the press’ molding.Those news reports were connected with the standpoint of the press,the change of political situation and the shift of social temper,then,influenced in and beyond Hunan Province and Hubei Province in varying degrees.

  16. Limites e intersecções do estético com o político no filme Janela indiscreta, de Alfred Hitchcock, e no conto "Sessão das quatro", de Roberto Drummond

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wanderlan da Silva Alves

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available We analyze the short-story “Sessão das quatro”, by Brazilian writer Roberto Drummond, and the movie Rear Window, by Alfred Hitchcock. We discuss the language of narratives, focusing some points of borders and intersections between aesthetical and political elements in the construction and representation of forms of power. The characters of these narratives are inserted in the lands where the idea of public or private space is diffuse, the freedom is besieged, and the violence forms some structural elements of the reality. Then, the creation of alternative places for the enunciation gives to characters some possibilities for a critical action in that space where the concepts of law and ethic constitute the exception.

  17. Signos, comunicação e mundo da vida: a abordagem sócio-fenomenológica da semiótica de Alfred Schütz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Hanke

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available By analyzing the relation between individual and society, Alfred Schütz in his socio-phenomenological approach perceived the importance of medíating communication and sign processes, and consequently developed a semiotic theory. Representation, understood as essential for his sign concept, is seen here as a re1ation between signifier and signified which is installed by the user in a constructive act of interpretation. The subsequently developed concept of"appresentation" comprises the objective meaníng at the levei ofa a sign system; b subjective interpretation; c situation or context; and, taking into account the communicative function o f the sign process, d a sign producer and its complement, e a sign recipient.

  18. The Social Quality of Enchantment: Viewing from the Perspective of Alfred Gell's Anthropology of Art%魅惑的社会性:从杰尔的艺术人类学观点看

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯娴

    2009-01-01

    @@ 英国人类学家阿尔弗雷德·杰尔(Alfred GelI)借用逻辑学上的"不明推理"(abduction)描述艺术.[1]与归纳、演绎的确定性相比,不明推理模糊不定、闪烁其词,正确前提可以得出错误结论,反之亦然.这是一块神秘的灰色地带,正常推理法则在此失效.有趣的是,abduction的第一层意思为"劫持",观看者在观看艺术时,仿佛被"劫持",进入一个有异于常的世界,在那里,事物以"魔法"状态存在.

  19. Creating Self and Life Style——Discuss Alfred Adler's Viewpoint of Personality Development%创造性自我与生活风格——论阿德勒的人格发展观

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田印红

    2007-01-01

    阿尔弗莱德·阿德勒(Alfred Adler,1870-1937)是奥地利著名的心理学家和精神病医生,其创建的个体心理学把人从古典精神分析的泛性论中解放出来,强调了遗传和环境对人格形成的双重作用,提出了创造性自我和生活风格理论等重要的人格发展观点,对人格心理学的发展有着重要的影响.本文就此进行评述.

  20. Jane Air: The Heroine as Caged Bird in Charlotte Brontë’s Jane Eyre and Alfred Hitchcock’s Rebecca L’héroïne, oiseau en cage dans Jane Eyre de Charlotte Brontë et Rebecca d’Alfred Hitchcock

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul Marchbanks

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Dans le quatrième chapitre de son ouvrage intitulé Brontë Transformations (1996, Patsy Stoneman révèle l’importance des reprises et transformations dont a fait l’objet Jane Eyre (1847 de Charlotte Brontë dans diverses pièces de théâtre, romans et films depuis sa publication initiale. L’un des avatars les plus intéressants mentionné par P. Stoneman est Rebecca d’Alfred Hitchcock (1940 d’après le roman à succès éponyme de Daphné Du Maurier paru en 1938. Parmi les nombreux éléments communs au roman de Brontë et au film d’Hitchcock figurent l’héroïne orpheline consciente de son physique ordinaire, un personnage masculin maussade doté d’une épouse “présente-absente” et une intendante dont le tempérament influence l’atmosphère du manoir dans lequel l’héroïne réside temporairement. Un autre point commun, plus difficile à déceler car profondément intégré à chaque œuvre, est le portrait de l’héroïne en oiseau prisonnier. Ce(tte subtile trope/métaphore mérite d’être remarqué(e car non seulement l’image constitue un lien entre les deux œuvres mais elle permet aussi, dans ses diverses manifestations, de les différencier. Tandis que dans Jane Eyre, l’image de l’oiseau apparaît chaque fois que Jane s’échappe d’un lieu qui l’emprisonne, celle de la cage s’avère être l’élément dominant dans le film d’Hitchcock, imposant finalement des limites infranchissables à la liberté de l’héroïne.

  1. Brides of Men and Brides of Art

    OpenAIRE

    McCauley, Anne

    2014-01-01

    During the 1860s, the question of the appropriate legal and social status of women was hotly debated in parliament and argued on the pages of the popular press. Julia Margaret Cameron, by flattening out the physical and affective differences between men and women in her portraits, reflects a moderate view of the roles of both sexes that is consistent with the positions of her friends Annie Thackeray, Alfred Tennyson, Henry Taylor, and Benjamin Jowett. Advocating education for women but stoppi...

  2. 语篇中词汇衔接模式研究--以小说《蝇王》为例%A Study on the Pattern of Lexical Cohesion in Lord of the Flies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尚今

    2014-01-01

    词汇是语篇中的重要组成部分,其之间的衔接关系对于语篇的连贯具有深远的影响。本文以韩礼德和哈桑的词汇衔接理论为基础,对戈尔丁的小说《蝇王》进行分析,证明了词汇衔接理论具有很强的操作性,也论述了词汇衔接得巧妙运用能给文章带来独特的文学效果。%As a basic element in discourse,lexical cohesion has great impact on the coherence of dis-course.Based on the lexical cohesive theory of Halliday &Hasan,this paper analyze Golding’s novel Lord of the Flies,which proves that lexical cohesion is a quite efficient and practical tool for discourse analysis, and also proves that manipulation of lexical cohesion could bring the unique literary effect for discourse.

  3. Tecnologías de género ante el cáncer. Los casos de Barbie pelada y la negación de Lorde a la prótesis mamaria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Florencia Angilletta

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo aborda las “tecnologías de género” ante el cáncer, mediante el planteo de dos ejes –los “pelos” y las “tetas”–. En cada uno se inscribe un caso testigo: la fabricación de muñecas peladas y la negación de Audre Lorde a las prótesis mamarias después de una mastectomía. Así, a partir de unas coordenadas teóricas que permiten pensar la problemática propuesta, se postula la siguiente hipótesis: la gestión del “pelo” y el régimen de visibilidad de las “tetas” funcionan como “tecnologías de género” frente a las cuales las cisenfermas de cáncer se conforman como subjetividades propicias para el despliegue de las “técnicas de normalización”. Ante esta dinámica, confluyen la reificación de la norma o la posibilidad de reagenciamiento resistente.

  4. The Failed Journey to the Ideal-Ego: A Lacanian Interpretation of Lord Jim%追求理想自我的挫败之旅:对《吉姆爷》的拉康式解读

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    倪菲菲

    2012-01-01

    Joseph Conrad is one of the most esteemed English writers of the 20th century. Conrad' s novels plumb the depth of the human soul and propose profound moral questions. Lord Jim is a great example to showcase Conrad' s concern about human nature. With the aid of Lacan' s theory of mirror stage, this paper aims to analyze the formation of Jim' s ideal-ego and the reasons for his failed pursuit of the ideal-ego.%约瑟夫·康拉德享誉20世纪英国文坛及世界文坛。他的众多小说关照到了人性的深度,提出深刻的道德问题,其代表作《吉姆爷》正是这样一部作品。它检视了人性的阴暗面,塑造了一个挫败的英雄形象-吉姆。吉姆的一生都在追逐他的英雄梦,渴望实现他的“理想自我”。本文试图用拉康的镜像理论来分析主人公吉姆的理想自我的形成以及最终毁灭的原因。

  5. An Archetypal Reading of Joseph Conrad's Lord Jim%浅谈《吉姆爷》对圣经原型的解读和创新

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘姗姗

    2011-01-01

    The Holy Bible is an important source of western literature creation. Almost all the western writers' greatly influenced by The Holy Bible. Joseph Conrad is no exception. In Lord Jim, Joseph Conrad innovated tively used the Biblical archetypes, based on the themes of the original sin, expiation and rebirth. With his h spirit, Conrad rewrote the Biblical story of the original sin to disclose humanity' s evil. Yet he went far beyond 1 of expiation and elevated the theme of the novel to a new height, he put forward that human could finally find works are and crearebirth if only they face the misery of life and confess to the God bravely.%《圣经》是西方文学创作的一个源泉,也是康拉德写作的灵感来源。《吉姆爷》一书中,康拉德从原罪主题、赎罪主题以及新生主题三个方面对圣经原型进行了阐释和创新。通过重现圣经的原罪故事,康拉德展示了人类的罪恶也突出了他对人性的关注和理解,他没有仅仅停留在接收惩罚这个层面上,而是把主题上升到勇于接受苦难,积极面对生活的精神层面,认为人类只要对罪真心悔过,最终必将获得新生。

  6. Similar Beginning,Different Ending——Comparison between Robinson Crusoe and Lord of the Flies%《鲁滨孙漂流记》与《蝇王》比较研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭爱莲

    2012-01-01

    In the novels of Robinson Crusoe and Lord of the Flies,both of the authors describe desolate islands,which share similar beginnings but different endings.The author of this article compares their similarities and differences,trying to explore some reasons.It is due to the differences of writing background and the authors' viewpoint that the two islands end differently.Crusoe turns his island into a thriving colony while the children changes their island into a slaughterhouse.%《鲁滨孙漂流记》与《蝇王》都描写了主人公的荒岛历险。它们拥有相似的开端,却有不同的结局,这是因为作品的背景和作者的人生观不同。笛福生活在资本主义原始积累时期,他的世界观使他把鲁滨孙塑造成资产阶级开辟世界的英雄。而《蝇王》的作者戈尔丁参加了空前残酷的第二次世界大战,对一些人在血与火中表现出来的劣根性有着比较真切的感受,因而感到忧虑和悲愤。这样在他的笔下,原本美丽的小岛变成了屠场。

  7. Geoffrey Hill as Lord of Limit: the Kenosis as a Theological Context of his Poetry and Thought Note sur la kénose dans la poésie et la pensée de Geoffrey Hill

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adrian Grafe

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available L’hymne kénotique pré-paulinienne (cf l’épître aux Philippiens, 2: 5-11 est un contexte pertinent pour situer la poésie et la poétique de Hill. Et la poésie et la prose de Hill montrent qu’il réfléchit sur cette notion (la kénose depuis au moins les sonnets de « Lachrimae » (1978 ; en passant par le titre et certains aspects du contenu de l’ouvrage critique The Lords of Limit (1984, ainsi que par l’appendice rédigé pour Christ : The Self-Emptying of God (1997 de Lucien Richard, jusqu’à The Triumph of Love (1998 et au-delà. Dans l’appendice de l’ouvrage de Richard, Hill évoque la « poésie kénotique » de Herbert, qui marie la maîtrise (la dimension seigneuriale et l’humilité (l’aspect limité. Dans la mesure où le terme « kénotique » est théologique, cette remarque sous-tend la lecture poético-théologique de l’œuvre de Hill lui-même qui est ici proposée sous une forme brève comme son titre l’indique.

  8. “狼神”的隐性回归--评《蝇王》中的杰克%The Implicit Recurrence of “the God of Wolf”--- On Jack in “Lord of the Flies”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛敏

    2014-01-01

    “The God of Wolf” is a primitive totem ,which plays a very important role in the development of human civilization ,art and society .In the early times of human beings ,“the God of Wolf” existed in human life explicitly .In modern times ,although it has retreated to some extent ,it occasionally comes back in many forms in our literary works .From the view of cultural anthropology and the archetype theory of Carl Jung ,the character Jack in the novel “Lord of the Flies”is the recurrence of “the God of Wolf”in modern literature in an implicit way . This wild wolf is existing on the other side of civilization and ration all the time ,which is a source of courage and strength when human beings are in difficulties and a reminder to make us understand ourselves more completely and more deeply .%“狼神”作为一种原始的图腾崇拜,在人类文明、艺术和社会的发展中起到了非常重要的作用。在人类文明的早期,“狼神”显性地存在于生活的方方面面。直到现代,它虽然退隐,却隐性地以各种形式回归文学作品中。从文化人类学和荣格的原型理论分析,小说《蝇王》中的杰克正是“狼神”在现代社会的一种隐性回归。这只充满野性的狼一直站在文明和理性的对立面,既是人类面对困难时勇气和力量的来源,也时刻警醒这人类更加全面更加深刻的认识自身。

  9. ...ja inglid surevad : Igakuine metallirubriik / Lord Chaos

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Chaos, Lord

    1999-01-01

    Heliplaatide Vondur "Galactic Rock"n"Roll Empire", cradle Of Filth "Sodomizing The Virgin Vamps", Various Artists "Darkthrone Holy Darkthrone", Whispering forest "Of Shadows And Pale Ligth", Winter Night Overture "Weapon Against The God" tutvustus. Väljaannete (Fanzine"id) "Necrologocum", "Nordic Vision" tutvustus

  10. ...ja inglid surevad : Igakuine metallirubriik / Lord Chaos

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Chaos, Lord

    1999-01-01

    Heliplaatide Vondur "Galactic Rock"n"Roll Empire", cradle Of Filth "Sodomizing The Virgin Vamps", Various Artists "Darkthrone Holy Darkthrone", Whispering forest "Of Shadows And Pale Ligth", Winter Night Overture "Weapon Against The God" tutvustus. Väljaannete (Fanzine"id) "Necrologocum", "Nordic Vision" tutvustus

  11. "Lord of the Mirrors" and demon lover.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kavaler, S

    1986-01-01

    Repeated object loss drove Sylvia Plath to create, and what she created were her greatest, and best-known poems, collected in the book Ariel. Yet the compulsion to create alternated with the compulsion to destroy. Her suicidal impulses were as intense as her poetic impulses (see Bach, 1985, on the "Marquis de Sade"). How these two contrasting impulses counter-balanced each other, until self-destruction took the lead, is the story of Sylvia Plath. What remains with us is the puzzle of her despair. This puzzle can only be pieced together by looking at the internal object relations of the father-daughter bond, which germinated like a ghost and spector within Sylvia Plath's soul.

  12. Korporatsioon Viciniast korp! Rotaliasse / Alfred Kalmet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalmet, Alfred, 1901-1977

    1981-01-01

    Korporatsioon Vicinia oli võrsunud Narva üliõpilaste organisatsioonist Societas Studiosorum Narvensium Vicinia, mis asutati 1921.a ja kandis Narva vapi värve; 1929. a. otsustati liituda Vigiliaga; 1931. a. astus suurem osa liikmeid Rotaliasse. Vicinia arhiiv ja varad hävisid Teises maailmasõjas

  13. [Sigmund Freud's ambition and Alfred Adler].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lebzeltern, G

    1984-11-09

    Freud never admitted to himself that he possessed a greater-than-average sense of ambition, which manifested itself in dreams, malachievement and priority problems. A completely new picture of Freud arises from such a perspective. Freud experienced childhood trauma in the form of his relationship with his nephew, John, in whom both an intimate friend and hated enemy were incorporated. This experience left a life-long impression which predetermined the neurotic element in Freud's relationship with men. Freud's own interpretation being that he had been betrayed by Breuer, Fliess, Adler and Jung. That is why the sentencing of his Uncle Joseph to a term of imprisonment had such far-reaching consequences for Freud. A further noteworthy observation is the close connection between ambition and death wishes and also between ambition and guilt feelings. Who, after all, likes to admit to harbouring such feelings? It appeared necessary to investigate the extent to which Freud's excessive ambition influenced his relationships with Breuer, Fliess and Adler. Freud was never prepared to recognize that Adler's contribution consisted of revealing the importance of the natural laws governing those layers of the psyche nearer to the conscious. The picture of the whole person emerges only by a combination of psychoanalysis and individual psychology.

  14. Alfred-Adler's Basic Concepts and Implications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lundin, Robert W.

    This book presents the basic principles of Adler's psychology. The first chapter looks at Adlerian psychology as it exists today, and examines earlier influences. The second chapter examines feelings of inferiority and compensation for these feelings. The third chapter considers the nature of goals and how they are formulated. The fourth chapter…

  15. Alfred-Adler's Basic Concepts and Implications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lundin, Robert W.

    This book presents the basic principles of Adler's psychology. The first chapter looks at Adlerian psychology as it exists today, and examines earlier influences. The second chapter examines feelings of inferiority and compensation for these feelings. The third chapter considers the nature of goals and how they are formulated. The fourth chapter…

  16. A Distinctive Interpretation of The Lord of the Rings-from Freudian Theory:Id, Ego, and Superego%从弗洛伊德“本我,自我,超我”视角新解《魔戒》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王俊耀; 朱志卉

    2013-01-01

    The Lord of the Rings is an epic high fantasy novel written by J. R. R. Tolkien, a famous English writer and philologist and Oxford University professor. Because of the novel many people consider Tolkien as the father of modern fantasy literature. The characters’psychology in The Lord of the Rings accords well with the Freudian psychoanalytic theory. Based on about the structure of the mind (Id, Ego, Superego), the paper intends to analyze the conflicts among Id, Ego and Superego in the plot de-velopment, and make people better understand the themes.%《魔戒》是英国著名奇幻小说家,被称为“奇幻文学之父”的托尔金的代表作,小说中人物的心理刻画和性格描写和弗洛伊德的心理分析学说不谋而合,小说中人物所体现出的本我、自我和超我的冲突极大地推动了故事的情节的发展。该文通过弗洛伊德的人格分析理论分析小说的人物,通过这一全新视角阐释了咕噜、弗罗多和甘道夫与魔戒的矛盾以及形成原因,以便更深刻的理解作者的观点和思想。

  17. OSCAR WILDE OU A IDENTIDADE POÉTICA ENCARCERADA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Latuf Isais Mucci

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to expose the dandy soul of Oscar Wilde. His life proves extravagance events, liberty claims, and homoafects tolerance. The Picture of Dorian Gray's author even suffered a criminal process in reason of his relation with Lord Alfred Bruce Douglas, called Bosie, despite Wilde being married. Other biographical issues can demonstrate the fantastic experience in the flamboyant life.

  18. Épouses des hommes et épouses de l’art

    OpenAIRE

    McCauley, Anne

    2013-01-01

    Dans les années 1860, la question d’un statut social et légal approprié aux femmes est vivement débattue au Parlement et discutée dans les pages de la presse populaire. En aplanissant dans ses portraits les différences physiques et affectives entre hommes et femmes, Julia Margaret Cameron livre une vision modérée des rôles de chaque sexe correspondant aux positions de ses amis Annie Thackeray, Alfred Tennyson, Henry Taylor et Benjamin Jowett. Partisans de l’éducation des femmes sans pour auta...

  19. Alfred Marshall, o capitalismo e sua utopia social Alfred Marshall, capitalism and his social utopia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Valladão de Mattos

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo visa analisar a posição de Marshall em relação ao capitalismo de sua época e às possibilidades de mudança social. Argumenta-se que, apesar de ser um grande defensor do sistema de liberdade econômica, Marshall considerava fundamental sanar o problema da pobreza e da indigência que assolava e degradava física, moral e intelectualmente boa parte da população. Todavia, ao contrário dos socialistas e coletivistas que visavam extinguir as principais instituições vigentes (a concorrência, a propriedade privada, o trabalho assalariado, entre outras, o autor vislumbrava uma sociedade melhor ainda sob a égide dessas instituições capitalistas. Essa situação melhor poderia ser atingida por meio da intervenção do Estado e de mudanças importantes nos valores dos indivíduos - que envolveriam a adoção de uma postura mais nobre e cavalheiresca no seu agir econômico.This paper analyses Marshall's view in relation to capitalism and to the possibilities of social change. It is argued that in spite of being an important defender of the system of economic liberty, Marshall thought it was crucial to solve the problems of poverty and indigence that degraded physically, morally and intellectually a great part of the population. He rejected the socialists and collectivists solutions - that aimed at extinguishing the main prevailing institutions, such as competition in the market and private property, and wage-labor; and defended that a better society could be built preserving the key institutions of capitalism. He believed that this better situation could be achieved by prompt intervention of the State, and by important changes in the values of the individuals of society, that involved more nobility and chivalry in their economic action.

  20. Analysis on the Images in“The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock”from the Metaphysical Poetic Theories’ Perspective%《杰•阿尔弗瑞德•普鲁弗洛克的情歌》中的玄学意象解读

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈明明

    2013-01-01

    As one of the most important poets and critics of the 20th century in the history of British and American literature, T. S. Eliot had made greatest remarks on the Metaphysical Poetry of the 17th century. In his early poem“The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock”, Eliot revealed the loss, confusion and frustration of the modern western men by endowing rich implication to the metaphor and allusion images through the technique of metaphysical conceit.%作为20世纪英美文学史上重要的一位诗人及批评家,T.S.艾略特对17世纪的“玄学派诗歌”推崇备至,在其早期《普鲁弗洛克的情歌》中,诗人借用“玄学奇喻”的技巧赋予大量隐晦的隐喻和典故意象丰富的蕴意,展现了现代西方人的迷惘、困惑及挫败感。

  1. Impact of The True Meaning of the Lord of Heaven on the Development of Korea’s Practical Learning%试论《天主实义》对朝鲜实学的形成所产生的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘秉虎; 王可芬

    2013-01-01

      《天主实义》是利玛窦著述的宣传天主教教理的著作,同时也是首次被介绍到朝鲜的汉译西书。该书传入朝鲜后,书中关于对宋明理学的批判、灵魂不灭、众生平等观、知与行理论,以及西方的风俗、哲学原理等吸引了一批进步儒生,并深深地影响了他们的思想观念,使他们渐渐地脱离了传统性理学,进而影响了朝鲜实学的形成和发展。%The True Meaning of the Lord of Heaven is Mathieu Ricc’s work that promoted the Catechism of the Catholic Church, and the first western book translated into Chinese and introduced to Korea. Since the introduction of the book to Korea, the criticism of Neo-Confucianism, the concepts of the immortality of the soul and all the living things are equality, the knowledge-practice unity theory, the western customs and philosophy principles had appealed to a group of progressive Confucian scholars, deeply influenced and gradually helped them get rid of traditional Confucianism, impacting on origin and development of Korea’s practical learning.

  2. Lord Byron’s ’Darkness’: Analysis and Interpretation

    Science.gov (United States)

    1977-01-01

    the universe. Yet the cornerstone of "Darkness" is the imagery. In fact, Karl Kroeber asserts Byron did not care about the meaning of the poem: "The...in images which highlight the theme of universal I1 destruction. 6 Karl Kroeber , Romantic N.arrative Art (Madison: Ur.iversity of Wisconsin Press, 1960...59. |1 SI 22 death [which] batters into the reader’s consciousness.’’ 3 Karl Kroeber in Romantic Narrative Art discusses the poem in terms of the

  3. Redness in the eyes of the dark Lord

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gavrilović Ljiljana

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses continuous influence of the Romanticism' ideas all until the present time. The ideas about the golden age in the past, on an ideal society based on class, gender, and generational hierarchy were dominant in the children' education until the second part of the 20th century. This was influenced, in turn, by fairy tales created in the 19th century, which are taken even today, to be the most appropriate children' literature. The flow-literary production of novels with fairy tales content, where the plot is taken place in some fictional, fairy-like world during the second part of the 20th century, corresponds hence to the need of adult audience/readers: a basic need for dream fulfillment about the roles of romantic heroes who do not exist in a real life. At the same time, the existing negation of modernization and introduction of new technologies corresponds nicely with the fears generated by accelerated changes, as one of the key attributes of the contemporary world. Deconstruction of the romanticized narratives begins in the framework of the postmodern fantasy literature, since the 1980's. This perspective reflects new possibilities for perceiving and estimation of the objective social reality of the Western civilization.

  4. The Lord Of Walmart%沃尔玛称王

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    子琴

    2002-01-01

    一家属于传统产业的零售企业,却能够在销售收入上超过“制造业之王”的汽车工业,超过一些大银行、保险公司等金融机构,超过引领“新经济”的信息企业。

  5. Travel with a Time Lord: Using Media to Enhance Literacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harrett, Jacqueline; Benjamin, Theresa

    2009-01-01

    This article reports on a UKLA-funded project in which a group of 10 teachers in South Wales were involved. The televised science fiction drama "Doctor Who" was chosen as the theme as it was based on popular culture as well as being of local and national interest. The main character in this television drama is an alien who can fly through time and…

  6. COUM ba ya, my lord / Anders Härm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Härm, Anders, 1977-

    2010-01-01

    18. oktoobril möödus 34 aastat briti kunstirühmituse COUM Transmissionsi (1969-1976) skandaalse näituse "Prostitutsioon" avamisest Londonis. Näitusest, rühmitusest ja nende loomingust. Rühmituse liikmeist moodustunud ansamblist Throbbing Gristle (1975-1981). Artikkel põhineb 30. septembril 2010 üritusel "Mission of the Dead Souls - Throbbing Gristle 35" EKKMi klubis peetud ettekandel

  7. The Lord’s Resistance Army Wicked Problem

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-14

    intervention. 2 Between 1988 and 2008, deliberate efforts were made by the Government of Uganda to resolve the LRA conflict by peaceful means ...President Baraka Obama signed into law the “Lord’s Resistance Army Disarmament and Northern Uganda Recovery Act”, legislation aimed at stopping Joseph... means to address these grievances after witnessing Uganda’s successive violent power struggles since independence.34 While it is true there were

  8. Sources of Resilience in the Lords Resistance Army

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-04-01

    Waldhauser_03-09-17.pdf. 4 Children Invisible, “Tracking Joseph Kony,” LRA Crisis Tracker, 2017, accessed 3/1/2017, https://www.lracrisistracker.com/. 5 Paul...Ronan, The State of the LRA in 2016, LRA Crisis Tracker, Invisible Children and The Resolve: LRA Crisis Initiative 2016, accessed February 7, 2017...support and fled Uganda. Rigged elections in 1980 returned Obote to power, and incited Yoweri Museveni, a former intelligence officer under Obote who

  9. School Counseling for African American Adolescents: The Alfred Adler Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sapp, Marty

    2010-01-01

    This article discusses how Adlerian counseling can be used as a form of school counseling for African American adolescents. Moreover, school counseling for African American adolescents is discussed within the context of African American culture. Due to the strength-based nature of Adlerian approach, it can capitalize on African American…

  10. Orjastaja kirjutab talle sobivat ajalugu / Alfred Käärmann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Käärmann, Alfred, 1922-2010

    2002-01-01

    Venemaa versioon "ajaloolisest tõest" seoses Baltikumi lülitamisega NSVLi koosseisu ja sellele järgnevate sündmustega. Tekstilõigud on võetud Igor Põhhalovi artiklist ajalehe Spetznaz Rossii selle aasta numbrist

  11. Alfred P. Gage and the Introductory Physics Laboratory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greenslade, Thomas B., Jr.

    2016-01-01

    This article is about a late 19th-century teacher of secondary school physics. I was originally interested in the apparatus that he sold. This led me to the physics books that he wrote, and these took me to his unusual ideas about ways to use laboratory time to introduce students to the phenomena of physics. More than 100 years later educational…

  12. Organização empresarial em Alfred Marshall

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaques Kerstenetzky

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available Encontra-se na obra de Marshall uma abordagem ao ambiente empresarial que difere de sua tradicionalmente considerada contribuição à economia. Embora Marshall seja o fundador da vertente do equilíbrio parcial da microeconomia, seu trabalho no tema da organização empresarial é muito mais rico do que esta contribuição específica. O artigo explora a análise de cunho histórico e institucional desenvolvida por Marshall no tema da firma, dos mercados e dos ambientes empresariais. Como resultado, sugere que Marshall pode ser apontado como precursor de abordagens contemporâneas ao tema, como a abordagem das capacitações organizacionais, e da grande corporação americana, de autores como Berle e Means e Chandler.We can find in Marshall’s works an approach to business environments that is different from his traditionally accepted contribution to mainstream economics. Though Marshall is indeed the founder of the partial equilibrium analysis branch of traditional microeconomics, his work on the theme of business is much richer than his specific contribution to microeconomics. The article explores Marshall's institutional and historical analysis of firms, markets and of business environments. As an outcome, it suggests that Marshall can be pointed out as a forerunner of modern approaches to the theme, like Berle and Means’s and Chandler’s works on corporations, and the capabilities approach to the theory of the firm.

  13. Orjastaja kirjutab talle sobivat ajalugu / Alfred Käärmann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Käärmann, Alfred, 1922-2010

    2002-01-01

    Venemaa versioon "ajaloolisest tõest" seoses Baltikumi lülitamisega NSVLi koosseisu ja sellele järgnevate sündmustega. Tekstilõigud on võetud Igor Põhhalovi artiklist ajalehe Spetznaz Rossii selle aasta numbrist

  14. School Counseling for African American Adolescents: The Alfred Adler Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sapp, Marty

    2010-01-01

    This article discusses how Adlerian counseling can be used as a form of school counseling for African American adolescents. Moreover, school counseling for African American adolescents is discussed within the context of African American culture. Due to the strength-based nature of Adlerian approach, it can capitalize on African American…

  15. From the urea cycle to autophagy: Alfred J. Meijer

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    D.J. Klionsky; A.J. Meijer

    2011-01-01

    Now that many of the components of the autophagy machinery have been identified, in particular the autophagy-related (Atg) proteins, increasing focus is being directed toward the role of autophagy in health and disease. Accordingly, it is of ever-greater importance to understand the central role of

  16. Not so strangers. Patricia Highsmith according to Alfred Hitchcock

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    In this work I propose to analyze how the cinematographic transposition of Strangers on a train has changed the suffocating amoral world of Patricia Highsmith in a typical Hitchcockian frantic suspense story, blurring the darkest edges of the characters and situations of the original novel. The aim is not to determine whether the film is «more», «better» or «worse» than the text –an unproductive enterprise– but to reflect on the operations made by the director to seize the literary work and m...

  17. Väljavõtteid kunstikoguja Alfred Rõude mälestuste käsikirjast / Alfred Rõude

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rõude, Alfred

    1998-01-01

    Andrus Johanist, tema loomingust. Meenutusi A. Johani 'Pallases' õppimise ajast, Eestis 1933. ja 1936. a. koos tehtud kunstiretkedest, sel ajal A. Johanil valminud töödest. A. Johani kunstipärandist (Tallinn, aug. 1946). A. Rõude kogus süstemaatiliselt A. Johani töid

  18. Väljavõtteid kunstikoguja Alfred Rõude mälestuste käsikirjast / Alfred Rõude

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rõude, Alfred

    1998-01-01

    Andrus Johanist, tema loomingust. Meenutusi A. Johani 'Pallases' õppimise ajast, Eestis 1933. ja 1936. a. koos tehtud kunstiretkedest, sel ajal A. Johanil valminud töödest. A. Johani kunstipärandist (Tallinn, aug. 1946). A. Rõude kogus süstemaatiliselt A. Johani töid

  19. A Review of Alfred Kazin's On Native Grounds%美国现代文学的“自我之歌”——评艾尔弗雷德·卡津的《扎根本土》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏燕

    2011-01-01

    Alfred Kazin's On Native Grounds traces the evolution of modern American literature during the years from 1890 to 1940,when social problems were provoked by wide spread industrialization and rapid economic development in the United States.American writers "absorbed" the reality and yet remained alienated at the same time.They established a great modern literature with special modern spirit.In this book Kazin emphasizes the distinctions among the American writers who have often been categorized into certain contemporary schools.Kazin penetrates deeply into modern literary works,and combines all the elements in his understanding of literature,including politics,economics,and ideas.Kazin thereupon sings a "Song of Myself" on modern American literature and launches a canonical research into American thoughts and culture from the perspective of literature.However,he also discerns the profound cultural crisis in American individualism,and is worried that it may lead to the atomization of the American society.As an intellectual starting out from the thirties,Kazin never loses his concern oabout the society and his confidence in literature.%卡津的《扎根本土》追溯了1890-1940年间美国现代文学兴起的过程。这一时期正是美国社会全面工业化、经济快速发展引起较多社会问题的阶段。美国作家在"吸收"现实的同时又对现实有一定的"隔阂感",他们以独特的现代精神崛起于世界文学之林。《扎根本土》将作品的文学性与政治、经济、思想等元素相结合,以此肯定美国现代文学的成就。它是美国现代文学的"自我之歌",也是从文学的角度研究美国思想文化的经典之作。同时,卡津也看到美国文化深层的危机,忧虑个人主义思想的泛滥导致美国社会的原子化。但是作为30年代登上文坛的知识分子,他从未失去对社会的关怀和对文学的信心。

  20. Cultural and Poetic Comparison of The Lord of the Rings and Journey to the West: from the Perspective of Hofstede's Individualism- collectivism Value Dimension%《魔戒》与《西游记》的文化诗学比较——以霍夫斯泰德个人主义集体主义价值维度为分析视角

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贺双燕

    2012-01-01

    《魔戒》与《西游记》分别为西方和中国的文学巨著,前人已从不同角度分别对这两部作品进行过大量研究,如宗教、接受美学、翻译、交际以及主人翁分析等;也有论者从哲学和文化角度将两部作品一起分析。但至今未有作品从霍夫斯泰德的价值维度视角来比较这两部作品,因此,本文从霍夫斯泰德的个人主义-集体主义价值维度,比较分析《魔戒》和《西游记》中体现出的文化现象,探讨其中的文化差异与差异根源。%The two works, Journey to the West and The Lord of the Rings are the magnum opus. Many scholars have made a considerable research on the two works from different perspectives, such as religion, reception aesthet- ics, translation, communication and protagonist's analysis, etc. In addition, some critics have given an analysis of them from the perspective of philosophy and culture. However, none of scholars has dealt with them from the per- spective of Hofstede's individualism -collectivism value dimension. Therefore, this paper gives a comparative anal- ysis of the cultural phenomenon from the perspective of Hofstede's individualism - collectivism value dimension, discussing the cultural difference and its source.

  1. Thomas Edison’s Poetry Machine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matthew Rubery

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The tradition of spoken-word recording began with Thomas Edison’s invention of the phonograph. Hence, this article makes the case that 1878 is a more important year to the history of literature than has yet been recognized for its experiments with verse and sound-recording technology. Although the tinfoil phonograph’s first decade has been well documented by media historians, literary critics have singled out 1888 as the noteworthy year since that is when Edison’s improved phonograph made it possible to record prominent figures including Alfred Tennyson and Robert Browning. Taking Edison’s original tinfoil phonograph as an alternative starting point reveals how the 1878 phonograph demonstrations, despite technological limitations, undertook acoustic experiments that enabled audiences to discern new forms of meaning, pleasure, and pathos in even the most well-known material. The recordings considered here include ‘Mary Had a Little Lamb’ as well as scripts by Tennyson, Caroline Norton, Edgar Allan Poe, Shakespeare, and others. Such recitals illustrate the extent to which Edison’s talking machine influenced the reception of texts while at the same time giving rise to performances unheard of in previous cultures.

  2. In the postmodern mirror: intertextuality in Angels and Insects by Antonia Susan Byatt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Buda Agata

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the paper is to analyse the novel Angels and Insects by Antonia Susan Byatt in terms of intertextual references. The author’s assumptions are based on the categorisation by Ryszard Nycz, who distinguishes three major types of intertexts: text versus text, text versus literary genre and text versus mimesis. Byatt uses intertextuality mainly to comment on the role of nature in the world, as well as to enhance the importance of human relationship with nature. Moreover, the writer moves towards literary criticism, discussing poems by famous artists, such as Alfred Tennyson or John Milton. In this way, the novel by Byatt is also an example of metafiction. All the narration techniques used by the English writer make the novel a typically postmodern work of art.

  3. Egy tanúságtevő hitvalló, szolgáló, tudományos és papi pálya lezárult: Petrasevics Nikefor József eperjesi görög katolikus kanonok és tudományos kutató emlékére (1915–2013 - Passed a Wittness of the Faith, Scientist, a Servant of The Lord, True Priest: Nicefor Petrashevich (1915–2013, canon of the Preshov Greek Catholic Eparchy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    FÖLDVÁRI, Sándor

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Decease of the witness of the Faith, a servant of the Lord and a famous researcher of the religious folklore: Nicefor Joseph Petrashevich (1915–2013 distinguished member of the Capitol of Preshov Greek Catholic Eparchy Born in Čukalovce, East-Slovakia (then Csukalóc, Upper-Hungary in 1915 as the sixth of the eleven children in the family of a Greek Catholic bishop, he was inspired by his father and elder brother who served the Lord. He studied in the high school (gymnasium of the Cistercian Order in Eger (Northern Hungary which provided its pupils with knowledge and deep faith. He became a choir-minister of the Uzghorod Bishopric Basilica where he turned to the examination of folklore traditions reflected in the liturgical chants. Apparently, it was his calling and his findings on the Byzantine chants contributed significantly to the understanding of religious folklore. He was known as a gifted composer and singer too. The Greek Catholic Church was banned in the Soviet Union which obtained Subcarpathia after the World War II, and this church was oppressed in Slovakia as well, so he faced a dilemma: to convert to the Ortodox (Pravoslav Christianity and live free, or to remain faithful to the Catholic Church and be persecuted. Moreover, he was a coelebs, a priest who did not have a wife (despite the fact that Greek Catholic priests are allowed to have families. Consequently, he could have been elected as bishop, as the higher ranks in the Byzantine Churches are open for monks. The communist authorities offered Pope Nicefor the episcopate of the Slovak Ortodox Church, if he converted to the Ortodoxy. He refused it: “my head does not accept the mithra (bishops’ crone by leaving my Catholic faith” –he said. As a result, he was imprisoned for more than two years in Slovakia. Later he came to Hungary where could not serve as a parochial priest, but worked as cantor or helping pope in various places and in centres of pilgrimage where

  4. Cet article vise à aborder la relation biographique comme rémunération d’une « injustice » commise à l’égard de l’écrivain biographié ou de son entourage. À travers l’analyse de trois exemples d’écrits biographiques — Alabama Song de Gilles Leroy sur Zelda Fitzgerald, La vocation du bonheur de Karin Reschke sur Henriette Vogel et Le médecin de Lord Byron de Paul West sur John Polidori — où il s’agit de réparer un oubli non mérité, une occultation volontaire ou encore une méprise fondamentale, je tenterai de cerner les enjeux d’une entreprise qui, à distance, vise à réhabiliter des figures historiques tout autant qu’à s’inscrire en faux contre les forces qui les marginalisent, notamment au sein des biographies des « héros » de l’histoire littéraire. This paper endeavours to consider the relationship between the biographer and the writer-biographee as a form of reparation for an injustice committed toward the latter and his/her entourage. I will examine three examples of biographical works—Alabama Song by Gilles Leroy on Zelda Fitzgerald, La vocation du bonheur by Karin Reschke on Henriette Vogel and Lord Byron’s Doctor by Paul West on John Polidori—in which the aim is to redress an undeservedly overlooked detail, an intentional oversight or a fundamentally mistaken assessment of the subject. In so doing, I will attempt to delimit the challenges of the biographical endeavour that seeks, from a distance, to rehabilitate historical figures as much as to denounce the forces that have marginalised them, in particular in the biographies of the so-called “heroes” of literary history.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert Dion

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Cet article vise à aborder la relation biographique comme rémunération d’une « injustice » commise à l’égard de l’écrivain biographié ou de son entourage. À travers l’analyse de trois exemples d’écrits biographiques — Alabama Song de Gilles Leroy sur Zelda Fitzgerald, La vocation du bonheur de Karin Reschke sur Henriette Vogel et Le médecin de Lord Byron de Paul West sur John Polidori — où il s’agit de réparer un oubli non mérité, une occultation volontaire ou encore une méprise fondamentale, je tenterai de cerner les enjeux d’une entreprise qui, à distance, vise à réhabiliter des figures historiques tout autant qu’à s’inscrire en faux contre les forces qui les marginalisent, notamment au sein des biographies des « héros » de l’histoire littéraire. This paper endeavours to consider the relationship between the biographer and the writer-biographee as a form of reparation for an injustice committed toward the latter and his/her entourage. I will examine three examples of biographical works—Alabama Song by Gilles Leroy on Zelda Fitzgerald, La vocation du bonheur by Karin Reschke on Henriette Vogel and Lord Byron’s Doctor by Paul West on John Polidori—in which the aim is to redress an undeservedly overlooked detail, an intentional oversight or a fundamentally mistaken assessment of the subject. In so doing, I will attempt to delimit the challenges of the biographical endeavour that seeks, from a distance, to rehabilitate historical figures as much as to denounce the forces that have marginalised them, in particular in the biographies of the so-called “heroes” of literary history.

  5. Ada Test and Evaluation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-05-01

    Lady Lovelace , the daughter of the poet, Lord Byron. Ada was Charles Babbage’s programmer, Babbage being the inventor of the first mechanical...34 O-07 0 ARFOCERIGTAEOAUIAL LABS RIGHTPATTERSON AFB OH F/G 9/2 ADA TEST AND EVALUATION.(U) MAY BO A J SCARPELLI UNCLASSIFIED AFWAL-TR-BO-1024 NL E...llEllllEIlE III HA i28 5__ BIH~~ ~ 2 __I.,11 LZ AFAL-TR-80-1024 Ada TEST AND EVALUATION Alfred J. Scarpelli System Technology Branch Systen Avionics

  6. A natureza e o papel da psicologia fenomenológica em Alfred Schutz = The nature and role of phenomenological psychology in Alfred Schutz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Embree, Lester

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available O ensaio analisa como a psicologia fenomenológica pode se aproximar da fenomenologia transcendental de Edmund Husserl a fim de esclarecer os fundamentos das ciências culturais e, em seguida, explica a teoria desta psicologia implícita na obra de Schutz. Max Weber demonstrou que todos os fenômenos do mundo sociocultural originam-se na interação social e estão submetidos a ela. Segundo ele, é papel central da sociologia entender o significado que o ator confere a sua ação (o “significado subjetivo”, em sua terminologia. Mas o que é ação, o que é significado, e como é possível a compreensão de tal significado, seja por um participante da interação social, um simples observador da vida cotidiana ou um cientista social? Eu diria que qualquer tentativa de responder a estas perguntas leva imediatamente a questões com as quais Husserl mantinha interesse e que, até certo ponto, ele pode esclarecer (Schutz, 1962, p. 145

  7. Laura Answers Back: Lord Byron, Christina Rossetti and the Canzoniere in Nineteenth-Century England

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Østermark-Johansen, Lene

    2007-01-01

    This essay partly gives a brief survey of the status of the Canzoniere in nineteenth-century England when the collection was finally translated in full into English, and partly traces the significance of Laura in English literature after eighteenth-century biographies had transformed her from...

  8. Sing to the Lord a New Song: John Calvin and the Spiritual Discipline of Metrical Psalmody

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brandon J. Bellanti

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this essay is to evaluate the way that psalmody - specifically metrical psalmody - serves as a sort of spiritual discipline. In other words, this essay seeks to demonstrate how the singing of psalms can be a tool to aid in spiritual growth. Much of the research for this essay focuses on the theological writings of the Protestant reformer John Calvin, as well as the way in which he incorporated metrical psalmody into his liturgical framework. The research also comprises primary writings from Aristotle, Plato, Saint John Chrysostom, Saint Basil, and Saint Augustine - all of whom influenced Calvin’s own philosophy regarding the use of art, music, and psalmody in worship. Additional areas examined in this research include the historical musical development of psalmody and the collection and arrangement of metrical psalms into psalters. For reference, specific examples of metrical psalms and psalters have been added. These additional areas and examples help to give a more holistic understanding of the nature of metrical psalmody, and they help to show how it may accurately be considered a spiritual discipline.

  9. Praise the lord and say no to men: Older women empowering themselves in Samia, Kenya.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cattell, M G

    1992-10-01

    In rural western Kenya, older Samia women, often victims of forced marriage in youth, are refusing traditional widow inheritance (remarriage) and renewed male domination after a husband's death. They make their refusals in the strategic public discourse of funeral speeches. The ability of older women to bring about change in female roles and power is related to their positions in extended families and support from 'saved' Christians. Examination of Samia women's everyday resistance to patriarchal power reveals the dynamics of gender relations within the overlapping power structures of kinship hierarchies, marriage, and religion (Christianity). It is also an example of religious renewal as a force in social change.

  10. Biogerontology: from here to where? The Lord Cohen Medal Lecture-2011.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rattan, Suresh I S

    2012-02-01

    Ageing is a progressive shrinkage of the homeodynamic space and, at the molecular level, it is associated with the stochastic occurrence and progressive accumulation of molecular damage. Imperfection of the maintenance and repair systems results in the failure of homeodynamics characterized by increased molecular heterogeneity, altered cellular functioning, reduced stress tolerance and reduced remodeling and adaptation, which lead to increased probability of diseases and eventual death. Although, several types of molecular damages have been shown to accumulate and increase molecular heterogeneity during ageing, its relevance and significance with respect to the physiology, survival and longevity remains to be determined. Such studies are essential for establishing biomarkers of health, frailty, remodeling and adaptation, and for developing effective methods for the prevention and reversion of age-related changes. A promising strategy for ageing intervention and modulation is that of strengthening the homeodynamics through repeated mild stress-induced hormesis by physical, biological and nutritional hormetins. Because a number of ethical, social, and personal implications emerge by the development and use of anti-ageing and life-extending technologies, biogerontologists should incorporate these elements while developing their research agenda in biogerontology.

  11. "Have You Seen "Lord of the Rings"?" Power, Pedagogy, and Discourses in a Multiliteracies Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mills, Kathy A.

    2007-01-01

    Literacy today is characterised by rapidly changing and emergent forms of meaning making in the context of increased cultural and linguistic diversity, giving rise to the multiliteracies pedagogy of the New London Group. This article responds to these imperatives, reporting findings from a critical ethnography investigating the interactions…

  12. From Albion's shore: Lord Byron' poetry in Slovene translations until 1945

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Igor Maver

    1989-12-01

    Full Text Available The publication in 1830 of the early poems of the doyen of Slovene poetry - Dr France Prešeren  in Kranjska čbelica (The Carniola Bee - marks the beginning of Slovene Romanticism, which ends in 1848, -with the last of his poems published in the fifth volume of the same literary magazine. The period from 1830 to the »revolutionary« year of 1848 is thus committed to Romanticism as the leading movement of Slovene literature, artfully embodied in Prešeren's fine lyrical poetry that aimed at and considerably contributed to national unification and identification, as well as in the Europe-oriented literary criticism of Matija čop.  Comparing the trends of the English and Slovene Romantic Revival, we can readily establish that the emergence of Romantic tenets expressed in poetry was somewhat late on Slovene ground. In England, of course, the crucial years are1789, when Lyrical Ballads were published by Wordsworth and Coleridge, and the year 1832, which marks the death of Sir Walter Scott.

  13. Something about "The Lord of the Rings"%关于《指环王》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    小巽

    2003-01-01

    @@ Frodo Baggins Takes a Road Trip The diminutive1 Elijah Wood doesn't look much like a Hobbit today. He's much taller and a lot less hairy. He has shaved his headjust recently, for the fun of it-giving him an aero-dynamic2 dome which makes his blues eyes pop.

  14. ”By the Cake of the Dark Lord!”

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cortsen, Rikke Platz

    2015-01-01

    The article uses Stuart Hall’s thoughts on culture and representation in collaboration with Thierry Groensteen’s formal comics theory to analyze how metal is represented in three Nordic comics: Frode Øverli’s Pondus, Lise Myhre’s Nemi, and Perkeros by J.P.Ahonen and K.P. Alare. The study shows...... that metal is a multifacetted concept in these comics and that metal serves various purposes, although notably black metal is consistently ridiculed...

  15. Clients and lords in high medieval Ireland (6th-9th Century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Dalle Carbonare

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available During the Late Middle Age, Irish society was founded on clientship relations that sometimes stemmed from a deliberate choice of free individuals who subdued themselves to most powerful groups, and other times arose from economic dependance. This study is mainly based on legal documents and is provided with a glossary.

  16. Conference | From Mars to the Multiverse | By Lord Martin Rees | 3 July

    CERN Multimedia

    2014-01-01

    This unique conference is given for the Diplomatic Club of Geneva. It is open to the participants of the European Week of Astronomy and Space Science (EWASS 2014) held in Geneva from 30 June to 4 July, 2014. The academic community of the University of Geneva and CERN is also welcome.   The lecture will be preceded by an allocution by the President of the Diplomatic Club, Luzius Wasescha, and by Prof. Thierry Courvoisier, President of the European Astronomical Society and of the Swiss Academy of Sciences. A cocktail will be served at the end of the event. Registration required: RSVP by 26 June 2014 to clubdiplomatique@fondationpourgeneve.ch

  17. Shepherds of the Lord : Priests and episcopal statutes in the Carolingian period

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rhijn, A.C. van

    2004-01-01

    This thesis aims to shed light on two, linked phenomena of the Carolingian period that have thusfar been largely ignored. The first is a group of low clergy, the priests who worked and lived in the many rural settlements of the empire, while the second consists of a recently edited corpus of texts w

  18. Lords of the Square Ring: Future Capital and Career Transition Issues for Elite Indigenous Australian Boxers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Megan Marie Stronach

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available In Australia a serious and widely documented statistical gap exists between the socio-economic circumstances of the country’s Indigenous and non-Indigenous populations. Areas of divergence include life expectancy, health, housing, income, and educational opportunity and employment. This has made career attainment problematic for most Aboriginal people. Among male Indigenous people, professional sport is portrayed as one of the few realms in which they can prosper. This is particularly true in the major football codes – Australian Rules and rugby league – and a feature of elite-level boxing, where Indigenous fighters are also statistically over-represented. However, while sport has provided opportunities for a small number of talented Indigenous athletes, it has rarely been a pathway to lifelong prosperity. This paper contends that as a result of over-reliance on an abundant bank of physical capital, Indigenous Australian boxers are particularly vulnerable to potential occupational obsolescence should their bodily assets erode more quickly than envisaged. Drawing on an Indigenous concept, Dadirri, to inform a wider interpretive phenomenological approach, the paper examines retirement experiences of fourteen elite male Indigenous Australian boxers; the goal of this research is to understand their post-sport career decision making. In this respect, Pierre Bourdieu’s concepts of habitus, capital and field are utilised to frame and interpret the capacity of Indigenous boxers to develop sustainable career pathways – which we describe as future capital – during their time as elite athletes. For this group of athletes, being an Indigenous person was found to be a significant factor in their decision-making to enter the sport, which may then leave them open to exploitation within the field. Many boxers find their engagement with education and vocational training remains restricted to occupations that complement an Indigenous sense of cultural capital. This involves, as with other ethnocultural groups, particular notions of kinship and family obligation that in turn shape individual aspirations and behaviours. Indigenous Australian boxers remain largely unaware or removed from the possibility of pursuing career pathways beyond those that draw upon or accentuate their physicality.

  19. Biogerontology: from here to where? The Lord Cohen Medal Lecture-2011

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rattan, Suresh I S

    2012-01-01

    -related changes. A promising strategy for ageing intervention and modulation is that of strengthening the homeodynamics through repeated mild stress-induced hormesis by physical, biological and nutritional hormetins. Because a number of ethical, social, and personal implications emerge by the development and use...

  20. LORD DUFFERIN’S GRAND TOUR AND THE COLLECTION OF GREEK INSCRIPTIONS AT CLANDEBOYE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CharlesCrowther

    1994-01-01

    The history of Classical scholarship can sometimes provide revealing insights into more general intellectual trends. Dilletan(?)ism, which was not then an offence, was in fashion in Britain in the nineteenth century, and young men of aristocratic backgrounds who aspired to public careers regularly completed their sometimes lengthy education by experiencing at first hand the remnants of the civilizations whose assumed values provided their own class with its models and patterns of excellence, In completing

  1. The Lord's prerogative and an act of trust: portable antiquities in the Isle of Man

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Allison Fox

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The Isle of Man is a self-governing British Crown dependency. As such, legislation for many areas of life differs from the neighbouring jurisdictions, including that which governs portable antiquities. The Island has a rich and varied heritage, with physical evidence from the Mesolithic to the Iron Age, through the early Christian period to Vikings and beyond. Both the Manx Treasure Trove legislation and the Act under which Manx National Heritage operates are currently under parliamentary review. These are intriguing times for Manx portable antiquities and this article seeks to explain why change is due and what options are possible.

  2. 上帝的葡萄园%Vineyard of the lord

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曲韵

    2000-01-01

    Introduc of the Terraces of the Shrine of the Bab on Mount Carmel in Haifa,Israel.The designer is Mr.Fariborz Sahba,who designed the lotus-shaped Baha'i Worship House in India.The design of the Terraces adopted a sophisticated state-of-the-art irrigation system and pertained to the ecological and environmental approach.The project has gain attention from the experts all over the world in architecture,horticulture,and botany.%介绍以色列海法市卡梅尔山上的巴孛陵寝梯田平台花园。其设计者为设计印度莲花形巴哈伊灵曦堂的建筑师法理博·萨巴。该花园的设计应用了现代灌溉技术并对环境生态予以了充分的重视,已引起全世界建筑、园林园艺、植物学等各方面专家的注意。

  3. No Lords A-Leaping: Fanon, C.L.R. James, and the Politics of Invention

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Marriott

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available What happens to Fanonism when, instead of resistance or liberation, it becomes a discourse of invention? What happens to Fanon’s critique of colonialism and his imagining of a decolonial future, when that critique and imagining are staked not on the refusal of racial humanity itself (in the sense of an appeal to a “new humanism”…, but in the sense that Fanonism itself, as such, would be a discourse and reading of invention? In this essay I compare Fanon’s reading of invention with that of C.L.R. James’s reading of spontaneity in Notes on Dialectics.

  4. Lords of the Silk Route: Violent Non-State Actors in Central Asia

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-05-01

    achieve an understanding of the transformational process. Once Colonel Khudoiberdiyev’s private army emerges from the primal soup of a 8 weak state and...organization. This approach rejects primordial views of identity espoused by global chaos theorists, which see identity cleavages as the underlying

  5. Citizen Hersant: The Rise to Power of a Contemporary French Press Lord.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McWilliams, Alvi

    When the centrist government of Prime Minister Jacques Chirac chose 69-year-old Robert Hersant to buy the newspaper "France-Soir" (famous for its ties to the resistance to the Nazis) in 1976, journalists at many newspapers on the left fought the political move by reminding both the public and the government of Hersant's collaboration…

  6. THERE AND BACK AGAIN: TOLKIEN’S THE LORD OF THE RINGS IN THE MODERN FICTION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valter Henrique Fritsch

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to disclose some relevant aspects of one of the most celebrated Fantasy authors – J. R. R. Tolkien. The twentieth century witnesses a huge claim for Fantasy in the arts and media vehicles. This can be seen as a way to escape from a fragmented world made worse by two World Wars that brought desolation and lack of faith in spiritual values to the modern and contemporary society. Rather than addressing Tolkien’s fiction as an escapist device, we argue that it can be read as a strong metaphor of his own time instead, alluding to the horrors of the wars that have been experienced by the author.

  7. LEP the lord of the collider rings at CERN 1980-2000

    CERN Document Server

    Schopper, Herwig Franz

    2009-01-01

    Housed by a 4 m diameter tunnel of 27 km circumference, with huge underground labs and numerous surface facilities, and set up with a precision of 0.1 mm per kilometer, the Large Electron-Positron Collider (LEP) was not only the largest but also one of the most sophisticated scientific research instrument ever created by Man. Located at CERN, near Geneva, LEP was built during the years 1983 - 1989, was operational until 2000, and corroborated the standard model of particle physics through continous high precision measurements. The Author, director-general of CERN during the crucial period of the construction of LEP, recounts vividly the convoluted decision-making and technical implementation processes - the tunnel alone being a highly challenging geo- and civil engineering project - and the subsequent extremely fruitful period of scientific research. Finally he describes the difficult decision to close down LEP, at a time when the discovery of the Higgs boson seemed within reach. LEP was eventually dismantled...

  8. Representing Science through Historical Drama: "Lord Kelvin and the Age of the Earth Debate"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Begoray, Deborah L.; Stinner, Arthur

    2005-01-01

    This paper presents a defense for the use of historical scripted conversations in science. We discuss drama's use of both expository and narrative text forms to expand the language forms available for a variety of learners, the use of scripted conversations as a defensible curriculum design to foster learning in general and science in particular,…

  9. Lord Kelvin and the Age-of-the-Earth Debate: A Dramatization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stinner, Art; Tecihman, Jurgen

    2003-01-01

    Presents a dramatization of a fictitious debate about the age of the earth that takes place at the Royal Institution, London, England, in the year 1872 among Sir William Thomson, T.H. Huxley, Sir Charles Lyell, and Hermann von Helmholtz. (Contains 17 references.) (Author/YDS)

  10. ”By the Cake of the Dark Lord!”

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cortsen, Rikke Platz

    2015-01-01

    The article uses Stuart Hall’s thoughts on culture and representation in collaboration with Thierry Groensteen’s formal comics theory to analyze how metal is represented in three Nordic comics: Frode Øverli’s Pondus, Lise Myhre’s Nemi, and Perkeros by J.P.Ahonen and K.P. Alare. The study shows...

  11. The Lord’s Resistance Army: The U.S. Response

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-11

    August 4, 2011. 6 U.N. document S/PRST/2011/21 [Presidential Statement], November 14, 2011. 7 Kenneth Roth /Human Rights Watch (HRW), “A Plan B for...Allen. Zed Books: 2006. 24 Andre Le Sage, “Countering the Lord’s Resistance Army in Central Africa,” Strategic Forum, July 2011. Sudan and the LRA

  12. Do lords think in male?: Gender and language in Parliamentary speech

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pilar Garcés García

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 21 false false false ES X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Tabla normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin-top:0cm; mso-para-margin-right:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:10.0pt; mso-para-margin-left:0cm; line-height:115%; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} Normal 0 21 false false false ES X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4

  13. Lord Kelvin and the Age-of-the-Earth Debate: A Dramatization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stinner, Art; Teichmann, Jürgen

    This is a dramatization of a fictitious debate about the age of the earth that takes place in the Royal Institution, London, England, in the year 1872. The debate is among Sir William Thomson (later Kelvin), T.H. Huxley (Darwin's Bulldog), Sir Charles Lyell, and Hermann von Helmholtz. In 1862 Thomson published his celebrated and widely studied The Secular Cooling of the Earth that raised the post-Darwinian debate of the age of the earth above the level of popular controversy. He entered the debate with all the arrogance of a newly established science of the century, namely the recently drafted laws of thermodynamics. The debate is partly based on a lively exchange of comments and arguments that occurred between T.H. Huxley and William Thomson, starting in 1868, when Thomson addressed the Glasgow Geological Society. This long public discussion also involved the ideas and the work of geologist Charles Lyell and those of the celebrated German physicist Hermann von Helmholtz. The confrontation is between the unyielding physicists and the insecure biologists and geologists who required a much longer time for the age of the earth than the physicists were prepared to give them. However, the debate ends on a conciliatory note, suggesting that perhaps Sir William's storehouse of creation may contain a hereto undiscovered source of energy that is more bountiful than gravitational energy.

  14. The Einstein formula: E_0=mc^2 "Isn't the Lord laughing?"

    CERN Document Server

    Okun, L B

    2008-01-01

    The article traces the way Einstein formulated the relation between energy and mass in his work from 1905 to 1955. Einstein emphasized quite often that the mass $m$ of a body is equivalent to its rest energy $E_0$. At the same time he frequently resorted to the less clear-cut statement of equivalence of energy and mass. As a result, Einstein's formula $E_0=mc^2$ still remains much less known than its popular form, $E=mc^2$, in which $E$ is the total energy equal to the sum of the rest energy and the kinetic energy of a freely moving body. One of the consequences of this is the widespread fallacy that the mass of a body increases when its velocity increases and even that this is an experimental fact. As wrote the playwright A N Ostrovsky "Something must exist for people, something so austere, so lofty, so sacrosanct that it would make profaning it unthinkable."

  15. Being Lord Grantham: Aristocratic Brand Heritage and the Cunard Transatlantic Crossing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bradford Hudson

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The historical television series Downton Abbey, based on a fictional member of the British peerage and his family, has become a phenomenon in the United States. Cunard is one of the oldest and most famous passenger transportation companies in the world. This article explores theoretical parallels between the show and the cruise line, especially the historical aspects of social hierarchy.

  16. The Value of Fictional Worlds (or Why 'The Lord of the Rings' is Worth Reading

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James Harold

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Some works of fiction are widely held by critics to have little value, yet these works are not only popular but also widely admired in ways that are not always appreciated. In this paper I make use of Kendall Walton’s account of fictional worlds to argue that fictional worlds can and often do have value, including aesthetic value, that is independent of the works that create them. In the process, I critique Walton’s notion of fictional worlds and offer a defense of the study and appreciation of fictional worlds, as distinguished from the works of fiction with which they are associated.

  17. Muusikamaailm : Pfingstfestspiele (suvistefestival) Baden Badenis. Glyndebourne'is, Leipzigis... . Strasbourg Pariisis. Alfred Brendeli juubeliks / Priit Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Priit, 1938-

    2001-01-01

    H. von Karajani mälestuseks korraldatud suvistepühafestivalist Baden Badenis. Festivalidest : Glyndebourne'i ooperifestivalist, Leipzigi Bachi festivalist, Schwetzingeni lossifestivalist. Strasbourg'i ooperiteatri külalisetendustest Pariisi Chatelet' teatris. A.Brendeli 70. juubeli tähistamisest Londoni South Bank Centre'is

  18. Comparison of statistical evaluation of criticality calculations for reactors VENUS-F and ALFRED

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janczyszyn Jerzy

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Limitations of correct evaluation of keff in Monte Carlo calculations, claimed in literature, apart from the nuclear data uncertainty, need to be addressed more thoroughly. Respective doubts concern: the proper number of discarded initial cycles, the sufficient number of neutrons in a cycle and the recognition and dealing with the keff bias. Calculations were performed to provide more information on these points with the use of the MCB code, solely for fast cores. We present applied methods and results, such as: calculation results for stability of variance, relation between standard deviation reported by MCNP and this from the dispersion of multiple independent keff values, second order standard deviations obtained from different numbers of grouped results. All obtained results for numbers of discarded initial cycles from 0 to 3000 were analysed leading for interesting conclusions.

  19. The Alfred Hospital experience of resumption of cardiac activity after withdrawal of life-sustaining therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yong, S A; D'Souza, S; Philpot, S; Pilcher, D V

    2016-09-01

    With the advent of donation after circulatory death programs in Australia and New Zealand, greater knowledge is needed about physiologic variation in haemodynamic activity following withdrawal of cardiorespiratory support. The ANZICS Statement on Death and Organ Donation allows provision for variation in the observation times between two and five minutes after cessation of the circulation prior to declaration of death. We report our experience of two cases, the first where electrical activity and pulse returned after a 102 second pause and the second where electrical activity returned after a three minute pause; both longer than previously reported cases.

  20. The three lost millennia of the last deglaciation (Alfred Wegener Medal Lecture)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bard, Edouard

    2013-04-01

    Looking back more than thirty years, climate history over the last period of deglaciation was seen to portray a smooth transition between the last glacial maximum (LGM) centered around 18,000 years ago (based on radiocarbon), and the beginning of the Holocene at about 10,000 years before present. At that time, the renowned CLIMAP group used the stratigraphy available to reconstruct the glacial world by averaging paleothermometric data over a wide time window, ranging between at least 14,000 and 24,000 yr BP, over which period climate was assumed to be rather stable. Even if northern European pollen records showed several phases of vegetation shift, the exact duration and spatial coverage of these shifts was unknown and their climatic significance was not well-enough understood to be separated from other biological effects, such as plant migration following ice-sheet demise. Significant progress came from mass spectrometry developments applied to isotope geochronology in the mid- and late- 1980s. This allowed the precise analysis of radiocarbon on small samples such as foraminifera in marine sediments and enabled the measurement of U-Th ages for accurate dating of corals and speleothems. These technological improvements permitted meaningful comparisons between proxy records from the various archives originating from all latitudes and longitudes. Today, it is clear that the old LGM time window corresponds to a period of more than ten millennia during which there was significant climate variability, including a prominent cooling event at the beginning of the deglaciation. This cooling event is known as the 'Oldest Dryas' by palynologists, as 'Heinrich Event #1' (H1) by paleoceanographers, and has even been dubbed the 'Mystery Interval' by prominent authors as they puzzled while attempting to synthesize and interpret its records. The H1 drastic cooling, attributed to a pulse-like injection of ice and meltwater into the North Atlantic, was first evidenced in 1987 in sediments from the Iberian Margin. Three years later, significant improvements of the radiocarbon calibration demonstrated that about three millennia were missing from the deglaciation record. Accordingly, the LGM mean age was pushed from 18,000 to 21,000 yr BP, the midpoint of H1 was shifted from 13,500 to 16,000 yr BP, and the beginning of the Holocene was repositioned at about 11,500 yr BP. This new climate chronology was subsequently confirmed by counting 'cryovarves' within the GRIP and GISP2 Greenland ice cores. These studies have since been complemented by many other records from polar ice, marine and lacustrine sediments and cave speleothems. In addition to extending the chronology by three additional millennia, improvement also arose from the quality of the new geological archives. These archives have allowed studies at much higher resolution than was previously achieved in the framework of CLIMAP, which included many records based on deep-sea cores characterized by low sedimentation rate, and thus very susceptible to smoothing processes such as bioturbation. In addition, analytical geochemistry has only recently provided techniques adapted to the production of high-resolution time series of various proxies based on elemental ratios, on organic compounds or on stable and radiogenic isotopes. More than a dozen years after the H1 discovery, the same Iberian Margin sediments were used to show that H1 comprised at least two phases, H1a and H1b, based on ice rafted debris (IRD) and other proxies. It is now recognized that the entire H1 event (H1 sensu lato) is a three millennia-long period (ca. 17,500 to 14,500 yr BP). To illustrate the progress in this research field, I will review the key records that can be used to document the complex nature of this episode. The H1 (s.l.) included several phases of intense cooling, of precipitation changes - notably at low latitudes and in the Asian monsoon area, of retreat and decay of glacial ice-sheets - as evidenced in sediments collected in river mouths, and of sea-level rise as recorded in corals from Tahiti and Barb

  1. A survey of the coastal vegetation near Port Alfred, eastern Cape

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. A. Lubke

    1983-12-01

    Full Text Available Detailed information on the colonization and succession of the sand dunes, dune slacks and rocky outcrops along the coast between the Riet and Kleinemonde Rivers is provided. The main reasons for the paucity of plants on the vast dune system are the movement of sand by wind and the inconsistent rainfall. Zonation of species along a dune transect is not particularly marked although a greater diversity of species is found in the dune slacks where an increased amount of seepage moisture occurs. Reclamation practices in blow-out areas have resulted in a pioneer cover of indigenous plants which should provide dense coastal scrub if the introduced Acacia cyclops is kept under control. Establishment of plants on the rocky promontories has occurred over a very long time and well developed communities and soils have formed. Salt spray and high winds are major controlling factors in the zonation of species along a gradient in this area.

  2. Learning How to See and Feel: Alfred Lichtwark and His Concept of Artistic and Aesthetic Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Priem, Karin; Mayer, Christine

    2017-01-01

    Focusing on Lichtwark's concept of museology, this article shows what role he envisaged for art in public life at a time when the rise of mass consumption and popular culture created new lifestyles. Lichtwark's concept of artistic and aesthetic education did not only extend to museums and classrooms but also to dilettantism as a basis for…

  3. Alfred Schutz: The Co-Construction of meaning within professional-patient interaction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brown, P.; Collyer, F.

    2015-01-01

    The point of departure for this chapter, as with Schutz’s social theory itself, is the work of Max Weber. It is Weber’s understanding of social action, hinging around aspects of subjective meaning, that Schutz has so usefully scrutinised and developed. The first half of the chapter considers key ten

  4. The Individual Psychology of Alfred Adler: Toward an Adlerian Vocational Theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watkins, C. Edward, Jr.

    1984-01-01

    Presents an Adlerian vocational theory with several hypotheses and corollaries regarding: (a) life style, (b) work as life task, (c) family atmosphere and relationships, and (d) early recollections. Develops predictive vocational statements and offers the resulting framework as a stimulant to generate further study of Adlerian vocational…

  5. Alfred Von Tirpitz and Construction of the Navy in the German Empire in 1865–1916

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lesya L. Goncharenko

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This article deals with the main activities of A. von Tirpitz in the Imperial German Navy related to its technical re-equipment, the development of the new line of battle and the principles of the squadron organization. As part of implementation of the German Empire colonial policy the admiral founded the imperial outpost, a naval defense base in Qingdao, in the south-east Asia. Much attention is given to the role of A. von Tirpitz in the adoption by Reichstag of naval bills that later became the legislative framework for the modern navy with new ships – dreadnoughts as the basic force. Due to this Germany became equal in naval weapons with England.

  6. Meurtres et meurtriers dans l’œuvre d’Alfred Hitchcock

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sylvain Palfroy

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available Le premier plan de The Lodger, - film considéré par Hitchcock comme son véritable premier film (chronologiquement son 3e, le premier « Hitchcock picture » comme il le dit à François Truffaut  - montre en gros plan le visage d’une femme hurlant. Ce plan condense en lui une grande partie des éléments qui vont constituer la matière de l’œuvre : la femme, le sexe, le meurtre. Ce qui retient l’attention dans ce plan au-delà du cri - qui renvoie comme bien des cris cadrés par le cinéaste au célèbr...

  7. "Gulliver's Travels" by Alfred Silver with Music by Stephen Naylor. Cue Sheet for Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waterfall, Milde; Flynn, Rosalind, Ed.

    Designed to be used before and after attending a musical adaptation of Jonathan's Swift's "Gulliver's Travels" (performed by the Mermaid Theatre of Nova Scotia), this cue sheet presents information about the performance and suggests activities that can be done with classmates, friends, or family members. Beginning with an illustration of…

  8. Alfred Schutz: The Co-Construction of meaning within professional-patient interaction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brown, P.; Collyer, F.

    2015-01-01

    The point of departure for this chapter, as with Schutz’s social theory itself, is the work of Max Weber. It is Weber’s understanding of social action, hinging around aspects of subjective meaning, that Schutz has so usefully scrutinised and developed. The first half of the chapter considers key

  9. The Individual Psychology of Alfred Adler: Toward an Adlerian Vocational Theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watkins, C. Edward, Jr.

    1984-01-01

    Presents an Adlerian vocational theory with several hypotheses and corollaries regarding: (a) life style, (b) work as life task, (c) family atmosphere and relationships, and (d) early recollections. Develops predictive vocational statements and offers the resulting framework as a stimulant to generate further study of Adlerian vocational…

  10. Muusikamaailm : Pfingstfestspiele (suvistefestival) Baden Badenis. Glyndebourne'is, Leipzigis... . Strasbourg Pariisis. Alfred Brendeli juubeliks / Priit Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Priit, 1938-

    2001-01-01

    H. von Karajani mälestuseks korraldatud suvistepühafestivalist Baden Badenis. Festivalidest : Glyndebourne'i ooperifestivalist, Leipzigi Bachi festivalist, Schwetzingeni lossifestivalist. Strasbourg'i ooperiteatri külalisetendustest Pariisi Chatelet' teatris. A.Brendeli 70. juubeli tähistamisest Londoni South Bank Centre'is

  11. Citation for presentation of the 2010 Alfred Treibs Award to John Volkman

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Leeuw, Jan W.

    2012-07-01

    Over the past decades, Dr. John Volkman has established himself as a world authority on the discovery and application of biomarkers in organic geochemistry, environmental geochemistry, petroleum geochemistry and palaeoclimatology. His work has laid the foundation on which much modern biomarker research is based and his studies of lipids in microalgae, in particular, have had a considerable influence and is widely cited. He has identified many new compounds including sterols, alcohols, diols and hydrocarbons. He has written a large number of review papers which are commonly used by younger organic geochemists to become acquainted with the field and as reference work by many others. John Volkman is truly exceptional in the breadth of expertise, his ability to integrate different sub-disciplines and his openness for young organic geochemists to act as a sparring-partner in scientific discussions. John has achieved this very impressive record even though he has not been employed as a “hard-core” organic geochemist for the last two decades but has nevertheless remained active in organic geochemistry in his “free” time. In addition, John's contributions to more applied fields of research are also numerous.

  12. Symposium for Alfred Wolf's 75th birthday at American Chemical Society meeting

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-04-02

    This report contains abstracts from the symposium presented by the Division of Nuclear Chemistry and Technology of the American Chemical Society. Sessions covered the following topics: Therapeutic radionuclides--Making the right choice; Aspects of nuclear science; Nuclear structure with large gamma-ray detector arrays and their auxiliary devices; Thirty years of research in nuclear dynamics--From fission to the quark-gluon plasma; Chelated metal ions for diagnosis and therapy; Radiochemistry--Basic and applied; and Applications of small accelerators in science and industry.

  13. No tan extraños. Patricia Highsmith según Alfred Hitchcock

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    En este trabajo proponemos revisar cómo la transposición cinematográfica de Extraños en un tren ha convertido el asfixiante mundo amoral de Patricia Highsmith en un típico relato hitchcockiano de suspense trepidante, desdibujando las aristas más oscuras de los personajes y situaciones de la novela original. No se trata aquí de determinar si la película es "más", "mejor" o "peor" que el texto -empresa muy poco productiva- sino de reflexionar sobre las operaciones llevadas a cabo por el directo...

  14. {Semantic metadata application for information resources systematization in water spectroscopy} A.Fazliev (1), A.Privezentsev (1), J.Tennyson (2) (1) Institute of Atmospheric Optics SB RAS, Tomsk, Russia, (2) University College London, London, UK (faz@iao

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fazliev, A.

    2009-04-01

    The information and knowledge layers of information-computational system for water spectroscopy are described. Semantic metadata for all the tasks of domain information model that are the basis of the layers have been studied. The principle of semantic metadata determination and mechanisms of the usage during information systematization in molecular spectroscopy has been revealed. The software developed for the work with semantic metadata is described as well. Formation of domain model in the framework of Semantic Web is based on the use of explicit specification of its conceptualization or, in other words, its ontologies. Formation of conceptualization for molecular spectroscopy was described in Refs. 1, 2. In these works two chains of task are selected for zeroth approximation for knowledge domain description. These are direct tasks chain and inverse tasks chain. Solution schemes of these tasks defined approximation of data layer for knowledge domain conceptualization. Spectroscopy tasks solutions properties lead to a step-by-step extension of molecular spectroscopy conceptualization. Information layer of information system corresponds to this extension. An advantage of molecular spectroscopy model designed in a form of tasks chain is actualized in the fact that one can explicitly define data and metadata at each step of solution of these molecular spectroscopy chain tasks. Metadata structure (tasks solutions properties) in knowledge domain also has form of a chain in which input data and metadata of the previous task become metadata of the following tasks. The term metadata is used in its narrow sense: metadata are the properties of spectroscopy tasks solutions. Semantic metadata represented with the help of OWL 3 are formed automatically and they are individuals of classes (A-box). Unification of T-box and A-box is an ontology that can be processed with the help of inference engine. In this work we analyzed the formation of individuals of molecular spectroscopy applied ontologies as well as the software used for their creation by means of OWL DL language. The results of this work are presented in a form of an information layer and a knowledge layer in W@DIS information system 4. 1 FORMATION OF INDIVIDUALS OF WATER SPECTROSCOPY APPLIED ONTOLOGY Applied tasks ontology contains explicit description of input an output data of physical tasks solved in two chains of molecular spectroscopy tasks. Besides physical concepts, related to spectroscopy tasks solutions, an information source, which is a key concept of knowledge domain information model, is also used. Each solution of knowledge domain task is linked to the information source which contains a reference on published task solution, molecule and task solution properties. Each information source allows us to identify a certain knowledge domain task solution contained in the information system. Water spectroscopy applied ontology classes are formed on the basis of molecular spectroscopy concepts taxonomy. They are defined by constrains on properties of the selected conceptualization. Extension of applied ontology in W@DIS information system is actualized according to two scenarios. Individuals (ontology facts or axioms) formation is actualized during the task solution upload in the information system. Ontology user operation that implies molecular spectroscopy taxonomy and individuals is performed solely by the user. For this purpose Protege ontology editor was used. For the formation, processing and visualization of knowledge domain tasks individuals a software was designed and implemented. Method of individual formation determines the sequence of steps of created ontology individuals' generation. Tasks solutions properties (metadata) have qualitative and quantitative values. Qualitative metadata are regarded as metadata describing qualitative side of a task such as solution method or other information that can be explicitly specified by object properties of OWL DL language. Quantitative metadata are metadata that describe quantitative properties of task solution such as minimal and maximal data value or other information that can be explicitly obtained by programmed algorithmic operations. These metadata are related to DatatypeProperty properties of OWL specification language Quantitative metadata can be obtained automatically during data upload into information system. Since ObjectProperty values are objects, processing of qualitative metadata requires logical constraints. In case of the task solved in W@DIS ICS qualitative metadata can be formed automatically (for example in spectral functions calculation task). The used methods of translation of qualitative metadata into quantitative is characterized as roughened representation of knowledge in knowledge domain. The existence of two ways of data obtainment is a key moment in the formation of applied ontology of molecular spectroscopy task. experimental method (metadata for experimental data contain description of equipment, experiment conditions and so on) on the initial stage and inverse task solution on the following stages; calculation method (metadata for calculation data are closely related to the metadata used for the description of physical and mathematical models of molecular spectroscopy) 2 SOFTWARE FOR ONTOLOGY OPERATION Data collection in water spectroscopy information system is organized in a form of workflow that contains such operations as information source creation, entry of bibliographic data on publications, formation of uploaded data schema an so on. Metadata are generated in information source as well. Two methods are used for their formation: automatic metadata generation and manual metadata generation (performed by user). Software implementation of support of actions related to metadata formation is performed by META+ module. Functions of META+ module can be divided into two groups. The first groups contains the functions necessary to software developer while the second one the functions necessary to a user of the information system. META+ module functions necessary to the developer are: 1. creation of taxonomy (T-boxes) of applied ontology classes of knowledge domain tasks; 2. creation of instances of task classes; 3. creation of data schemes of tasks in a form of an XML-pattern and based on XML-syntax. XML-pattern is developed for instances generator and created according to certain rules imposed on software generator implementation. 4. implementation of metadata values calculation algorithms; 5. creation of a request interface and additional knowledge processing function for the solution of these task; 6. unification of the created functions and interfaces into one information system The following sequence is universal for the generation of task classes' individuals that form chains. Special interfaces for user operations management are designed for software developer in META+ module. There are means for qualitative metadata values updating during data reuploading to information source. The list of functions necessary to end user contains: - data sets visualization and editing, taking into account their metadata, e.g.: display of unique number of bands in transitions for a certain data source; - export of OWL/RDF models from information system to the environment in XML-syntax; - visualization of instances of classes of applied ontology tasks on molecular spectroscopy; - import of OWL/RDF models into the information system and their integration with domain vocabulary; - formation of additional knowledge of knowledge domain for the construction of ontological instances of task classes using GTML-formats and their processing; - formation of additional knowledge in knowledge domain for the construction of instances of task classes, using software algorithm for data sets processing; - function of semantic search implementation using an interface that formulates questions in a form of related triplets in order for getting an adequate answer. 3 STRUCTURE OF META+ MODULE META+ software module that provides the above functions contains the following components: - a knowledge base that stores semantic metadata and taxonomies of information system; - software libraries POWL and RAP 5 created by third-party developer and providing access to ontological storage; - function classes and libraries that form the core of the module and perform the tasks of formation, storage and visualization of classes instances; - configuration files and module patterns that allow one to adjust and organize operation of different functional blocks; META+ module also contains scripts and patterns implemented according to the rules of W@DIS information system development environment. - scripts for interaction with environment by means of the software core of information system. These scripts provide organizing web-oriented interactive communication; - patterns for the formation of functionality visualization realized by the scripts Software core of scientific information-computational system W@DIS is created with the help of MVC (Model - View - Controller) design pattern that allows us to separate logic of application from its representation. It realizes the interaction of three logical components, actualizing interactivity with the environment via Web and performing its preprocessing. Functions of «Controller» logical component are realized with the help of scripts designed according to the rules imposed by software core of the information system. Each script represents a definite object-oriented class with obligatory class method of script initiation called "start". Functions of actualization of domain application operation results representation (i.e. "View" component) are sets of HTML-patterns that allow one to visualize the results of domain applications operation with the help of additional constructions processed by software core of the system. Besides the interaction with the software core of the scientific information system this module also deals with configuration files of software core and its database. Such organization of work provides closer integration with software core and deeper and more adequate connection in operating system support. 4 CONCLUSION In this work the problems of semantic metadata creation in information system oriented on information representation in the area of molecular spectroscopy have been discussed. The described method of semantic metadata and functions formation as well as realization and structure of META+ module have been described. Architecture of META+ module is closely related to the existing software of "Molecular spectroscopy" scientific information system. Realization of the module is performed with the use of modern approaches to Web-oriented applications development. It uses the existing applied interfaces. The developed software allows us to: - perform automatic metadata annotation of calculated tasks solutions directly in the information system; - perform automatic annotation of metadata on the solution of tasks on task solution results uploading outside the information system forming an instance of the solved task on the basis of entry data; - use ontological instances of task solution for identification of data in information tasks of viewing, comparison and search solved by information system; - export applied tasks ontologies for the operation with them by external means; - solve the task of semantic search according to the pattern and using question-answer type interface. 5 ACKNOWLEDGEMENT The authors are grateful to RFBR for the financial support of development of distributed information system for molecular spectroscopy. REFERENCES A.D.Bykov, A.Z. Fazliev, N.N.Filippov, A.V. Kozodoev, A.I.Privezentsev, L.N.Sinitsa, M.V.Tonkov and M.Yu.Tretyakov, Distributed information system on atmospheric spectroscopy // Geophysical Research Abstracts, SRef-ID: 1607-7962/gra/EGU2007-A-01906, 2007, v. 9, p. 01906. A.I.Prevezentsev, A.Z. Fazliev Applied task ontology for molecular spectroscopy information resources systematization. The Proceedings of 9th Russian scientific conference "Electronic libraries: advanced methods and technologies, electronic collections" - RCDL'2007, Pereslavl Zalesskii, 2007, part.1, 2007, P.201-210. OWL Web Ontology Language Semantics and Abstract Syntax, W3C Recommendation 10 February 2004, http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-owl-semantics-20040210/ W@DIS information system, http://wadis.saga.iao.ru RAP library, http://www4.wiwiss.fu-berlin.de/bizer/rdfapi/.

  15. A RACIALIZAÇÃO DOS CELTAS NA CULTURA LETRADA VITORIANA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raimundo Expedito dos Santos Sousa (UFMG

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available

    Atento à contribuição da elite letrada para o imperialismo britânico, este trabalho investiga, mediante exame de textos ficcionais e ensaísticos de escritores e críticos literários vitorianos como Alfred Tennyson e Mathew Arnold, a instrumentalidade do gênero na invenção da diferença racial que procurou justificar a colonização da Irlanda. Por meio das fontes investigadas, observamos que os celtas eram feminizados como antíteses dos “másculos” anglo-saxões devido à sua suposta debilidade emocional e intelectual, sendo, portanto, equiparados às mulheres metropolitanas em representações que amalgamavam racismo e sexismo. Graças à concatenação entre estereótipos de raça e gênero, a antinomia masculino/feminino facultou a elaboração de disjunções que visavam naturalizar assimetrias entre império e colônia sob os álibis da complementaridade e hierarquia “naturais” entre os sexos.

  16. The irony of being Oscar: the legendary life and death of Oscar Wilde.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mai, R; Rutka, J

    2000-08-01

    In this second in a series of famous historic personages who suffered from ear disease (see Yardley M, Rutka J. Troy, Mycenae, and the Otologic Demise of Herr Heinrich Schliemann. J Otolaryngol 1998; 27:217-221), we review the life and otology-related death of the legendary playwright Oscar Wilde. In his time, Wilde ridiculed the social hypocrisy of the Victorian age, championed the individual, and pleaded for a more tolerant and forgiving society in his many books, plays, and letters. Very much the acerbic and iconoclastic wit, Wilde's private and later very public affair de coeur with Lord Alfred Douglas, the son of the Marquis of Queensberry, still continues to interest and paradoxically shock our sensitivities. Wilde's ultimate demise from an otogenic bacterial meningitis appears all the more ironic when one considers the role his father, Sir William Wilde, played as one of the founding fathers of modern otology.

  17. Ungoverned Spaces and the Survival of Terrorist Groups in Africa: A Case Study of the Lords Resistance Army

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-12-01

    general reduction of poverty levels; and 80 strengthening government institutions ranging from security, health, and education among others. Of...Indebted Poor Countries HSM Holy Spirit Movement ICC International Criminal Court ICGLR International Conference on the Great Lakes Region ICTR...from its bases in Somalia and struck in the region when the group bombed Kampala, killing more than 74 people who were watching the World Cup finals

  18. Darsan (to See Lord Shiva in Varanasi. Visual Processes and the Representation of God by Seven Ricksha-Drivers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Owe Wikström

    1996-01-01

    Full Text Available In spite of its effort to be transculturally relevant, the psychology of religion is quite ethno- or rather Western-centric. This becomes very clear when one tries to "translate" Indian folk religiosity into concepts taken from mainline theories; i.e. social, cognitive or psychoanalytical psychology of religion. Not only do the norms and values differ, but the very ontological assumptions underlying the categories in which the researcher understand differs fundamentally from the internal Hindu anthropological and epistemiological apriori. For example, their words of the psyche include contextuality, from time to space, to ethics to groups. The subtle interrelatedness of the divine, spiritual and the mundane is obvious It includes the flows and exchanges of substances within and between persons with minimal outer boundaries. The author discusses the role of the visual and behavioural dimensions of the Indian religiosity.

  19. Lord of the Rings: A Kinematic Distance to Circinus X-1 from a Giant X-Ray Light Echo

    CERN Document Server

    Heinz, Sebastian; Braiding, Catherine; Brandt, William N; Jonker, Peter G; Sell, Paul; Fender, Robert P; Nowak, Michael A; Schulz, Norbert S

    2015-01-01

    Circinus X-1 exhibited a bright X-ray flare in late 2013. Follow-up observations with Chandra and XMM-Newton from 40 to 80 days after the flare reveal a bright X-ray light echo in the form of four well-defined rings with radii from 5 to 13 arcminutes, growing in radius with time. The large fluence of the flare and the large column density of interstellar dust towards Circinus X-1 make this the largest and brightest set of rings from an X-ray light echo observed to date. By deconvolving the radial intensity profile of the echo with the MAXI X-ray lightcurve of the flare we reconstruct the dust distribution towards Circinus X-1 into four distinct dust concentrations. By comparing the peak in scattering intensity with the peak intensity in CO maps of molecular clouds from the Mopra Southern Galactic Plane CO Survey we identify the two innermost rings with clouds at radial velocity ~ -74 km/s and ~ -81 km/s, respectively. We identify a prominent band of foreground photoelectric absorption with a lane of CO gas at...

  20. THE DELTA INDIGENE. THE GUARAÚNOS OF THE ORINOCO AT ETNOGRAPHY OF THE LORD SPIRITUAL TURRADO.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jose Díaz Diego

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Typical of the positivist ethnographer from the beginnings of XX century, Ángel Turrado Moreno (1903-1961, missionary and bishop of Asso, had an essencialist vision of culture. For him, cultures had a lot of similar and comparable aspects which he tried to underline: marriage, family, authorities, deities, etc. Though Turrado did not carry out a deep analysis of cultural productions, he made a considerable effort to register the dimensions of daily life of Orinoco´s guaraunos with notable ethnographic rigor. Despite of all their biases, these community studies are important documentary sources today to comprehend these societies. This article intends to summerize the material conditions of life, the social organization and the symbolic cosmovision of gauraunos using the work of this missionary, as well as to give ethnographic logic that is lacking in some parts of his text. Guarauno lexicon used here corresponds to the phonetic adjustments handled by Turrado.

  1. Revolución y contrarrevolución en economía. De Lord Keynes a Milton Friedman

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Harry G. Johnson

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta un análisis retrospectivo acerca de los escenarios básicos que dieron pie a la contrarrevolución monetarista, a partir de ciertas debilidades que fueron identificadas dentro de la teoría de la revolución keynesiana. El análisis de este artículo es de interés general y de actualidad ya que de acuerdo con la lógica histórica de la economía este análisis puede fundamentar la secuencia de revoluciones y contrarrevoluciones, que se requerirán en el futuro para desarrollar una post-contrarrevolución.

  2. Lord Rutherford of Nelson, his 1908 Nobel Prize in Chemistry, and why he didn't get a second prize

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jarlskog, Cecilia

    2008-11-01

    'I have dealt with many different transformations with various periods of time, but the quickest that I have met was my own transformation in one moment from a physicist to a chemist.' Ernest Rutherford (Nobel Banquet, 1908) This article is about how Ernest Rutherford (1871-1937) got the 1908 Nobel Prize in Chemistry and why he did not get a second Prize for his subsequent outstanding discoveries in physics, specially the discovery of the atomic nucleus and the proton. Who were those who nominated him and who did he nominate for the Nobel Prizes? In order to put the Prize issue into its proper context, I will briefly describe Rutherford's whereabouts. Rutherford, an exceptionally gifted scientist who revolutionized chemistry and physics, was moulded in the finest classical tradition. What were his opinions on some scientific issues such as Einstein's photon, uncertainty relations and the future prospects for atomic energy? What would he have said about the 'Theory of Everything'? Extended version of an invited talk presented at the conference 'Neutrino 2008', Christchurch, NZ, 25-31 May 2008

  3. Lord Rutherford of Nelson, His 1908 Nobel Prize in Chemistry and Why He Didn't Get a Second Prize

    CERN Document Server

    Jarlskog, C

    2008-01-01

    "I have dealt with many different transformations with various periods of time, but the quickest that I have met was my own transformation in one moment from a physicist to a chemist." Ernest Rutherford (Nobel Banquet, 1908) This article is about how Ernest Rutherford (1871-1937) got the 1908 Nobel Prize in Chemistry and why he did not get a second Prize for his subsequent outstanding discoveries in physics, specially the discovery of the atomic nucleus and the proton. Who were those who nominated him and who did he nominate for the Nobel Prizes. In order to put the Prize issue into its proper context, I will briefly describe Rutherford's whereabouts. Rutherford, an exceptionally gifted scientist who revolutionized chemistry and physics, was moulded in the finest classical tradition. What were his opinions on some scientific issues such as Einstein's photon, uncertainty relations and the future prospects for atomic energy? What would he have said about the "Theory of Everything"?

  4. Los señores de la entidad política de 'Ik' Lords of a political entity: 'Ik'

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erik Velásquez García

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo constituye el primer intento de reconstrucción de la dinastía real de 'Ik' que se ha publicado. En 1973, el glifo emblema de la entidad política de 'Ik' fue asociado por Joyce Marcus con el sitio arqueológico de Motul de San José, asentado en las cercanías del lago Chaltunhá o Petén Itzá. Desde entonces, diversos datos arqueológicos y epigráficos han fortalecido la hipótesis de que la entidad política de 'Ik' tuvo su sede en esa zona del Petén, si bien su primera capital conocida residió posiblemente en Bejucal. Del mismo modo, se contempla la posibilidad de que más de un sólo dignatario haya portado simultáneamente el glifo emblema de 'Ik', pues fue un título regional usado por distintas ciudades del mismo estado. En este trabajo se identifican dos gobernantes de 'Ik' del Clásico temprano, siete u ocho del Clásico tardío y uno o dos del Clásico terminal, aunque en las vasijas producidas en la región existen otros dignatarios cuyos nombres son difíciles de comprender o que carecen de fechas en Rueda de Calendario. Una aportación significativa del texto reside en identificar los sitios arqueológicos del Petén, Petexbatún y Usumacinta con los que el señorío de 'Ik' sostuvo relaciones de muy diversa índole.This article is the first attempt to reconstruct the 'Ik' dynasty that has been published. At 1973, the emblem glyph of 'Ik' politic was associated by Joyce Marcus with the archaeological site of Motul San Jose, seated near Chaltunhá or Peten Itza lake. Since then, various archaeological and epigraphic data have been suported the hypothesis that 'Ik' politic had its seat at the Peten area, although his first known capital was possibly located at Bejucal. At the same way, we see the posibility that more than one dignitary had ported simultaneously the emblem glyph of 'Ik', because it was a regional title used by different cities of the same state. This research identified two 'Ik' rulers of the Early Classic, seven or eight of the Late Classic, and one or two of the Last Classic, although in the vessels produced in the region there are other dignitaries' names which are difficult to understand or without dates of Calendar Round. A significant contribution of the text consist in identifying the archeological sites in Peten, Petexbatún and Usumacinta with which the lordship of 'Ik' had very diverse relationsips.

  5. The Lords of Tetzcoco: Sixteenth-Century Transformation of Indigenous Leadership in the Aztec Empire's Second City

    OpenAIRE

    Benton, Bradley

    2012-01-01

    When Spaniards arrived in central Mexico in 1519, Tetzcoco was one of the two most important ethnic states in the region. It was a cultural center--home to famed "poet-kings"--and was second in power only to the Aztec capital of Mexico-Tenochtitlan. Yet by the beginning of the seventeenth century, Tetzcoco had been reduced to a mere shadow of its former grandeur. This dissertation focuses specifically on Tetzcoco's native nobility in this period of waning influence. Using a combination of Spa...

  6. A Lesson for the Future of Our Science. My Testimony on Lord Patrick M.S. Blackett

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zichichi, A.

    The following sections are included: * INTRODUCTION * AN INCREDIBLE SEQUENCE OF UNEXPECTED EVENTS * BLACKETT AND THE ORIGIN OF THE SUBNUCLEAR UNIVERSE * BLACKETT AND THE WHOLE OF OUR KNOWLEDGE * BLACKETT AND RUSSELL (GALILEI, EINSTEIN, GÖDEL) * THE "BLACKETT EFFECT" IN THE 2nd WORLD WAR * NEW INSTITUTIONS FOUNDED * THE FUTURE * CONCLUSIONS - FROM BLACKETT TO PRESENT DAY PHYSICS * REFERENCES

  7. THE DELTA INDIGENE. THE GUARAÚNOS OF THE ORINOCO AT ETNOGRAPHY OF THE LORD SPIRITUAL TURRADO.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jose Díaz Diego

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Typical of the positivist ethnographer from the beginnings of XX century, Ángel Turrado Moreno (1903-1961, missionary and bishop of Asso, had an essencialist vision of culture. For him, cultures had a lot of similar and comparable aspects which he tried to underline: marriage, family, authorities, deities, etc. Though Turrado did not carry out a deep analysis of cultural productions, he made a considerable effort to register the dimensions of daily life of Orinoco´s guaraunos with notable ethnographic rigor. Despite of all their biases, these community studies are important documentary sources today to comprehend these societies. This article intends to summerize the material conditions of life, the social organization and the symbolic cosmovision of gauraunos using the work of this missionary, as well as to give ethnographic logic that is lacking in some parts of his text. Guarauno lexicon used here corresponds to the phonetic adjustments handled by Turrado.

  8. Comparative study of Ksharasutra suturing and Lord's anal dilatation in the management of Parikartika (chronic fissure-in-ano)

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Background: Parikartika resembles fissure-in-ano which is very common among all ano-rectal disorders. In Ayurvedic texts, Parikartika is described as a complication of Vamana and Virechana as well as complication of Atisara. Ksharasutra was proved successful in the management of fistula-in-ano, piles, and there is a need to try its efficacy in fissure-in-ano. Aim: To evaluate the role of Ksharasutra suturing (KSS) in fissure bed in chronic fissure-in-ano. Materials and Methods: Total 100 pati...

  9. "It's Like 'Lord of the Rings,' Sir. but Real!": Teaching, Learning and Sharing Medieval History for All

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eldridge, Chris

    2016-01-01

    Medieval history is on the rise. Among the many recent reforms in the history curriculum is a requirement for medieval themes at GCSE and across the country the new linear A-level offers fresh opportunities for teachers to look beyond the traditional diet of Tudors and modern history. The huge divide between us and the medieval mind can make the…

  10. Frames, Transitivity Structures e gerarchie di potere tra personaggi: Harry Potter affronta Lord Voldemort in The Sorcerer's Stone

    OpenAIRE

    Luporini, Antonella

    2009-01-01

    Partendo dal riconoscimento del ruolo centrale svolto dal testo all'interno di un'opera letteraria, non solo come discriminante delle sue possibili interpretazioni (Eco, 1990 [2004]), ma anche in quanto materia prima di un'arte crafted with language (Hasan, 2007), il presente lavoro indaga le modalità  con cui le strutture linguistiche guidano il lettore nel processo semiotico, scegliendo come case study un brano tratto dal primo libro della serie di Harry Potter, della scrittrice britannica ...

  11. Evading the Endgame in an Insurgency Undertaking: The Case of the Lord’s Resistance Army and Beyond

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-06-01

    Liberation Army/Movement SPLA/M-IO Sudan People’s Liberation Army/Movement–In Opposition SRTM Shuttle Rather Topography Mission UCDP/GED Uppsala...advantages is called ground of tactical importance (GTI) in military terms.58 There is 30m Shuttle Rather Topography Mission (SRTM) elevation data...leaders of the insurgency. This may include phone tracking, human intelligence, signal intelligence, and drones , among other methods. The most cost

  12. L'establiment de l'Orde del Temple a la Tortosa de Síria (segle XII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serrano Daura, Josep

    1998-12-01

    Full Text Available In the 1101 the Christian Croats conquered the city of Constantina (nowadays Siria. Constantina changed its name for Tortosa (the same name as other Catalan city then under the Muslim control, Tortosa became the Episcopal see and joined the Latin County of Tripoli (nowadays Lebanon, ceded to the Tolosa Count of Languedoc. In the twelve century Turks desolated it; the Tripoli's Count and the Tortosa's Bishop allowed the Temple's Order to build a new fortification through several deals about the different and reciprocal ecclesiastical economical rights. We can find information about the political organization in the "County of Tripoli's document", where these rights are collected, and also about the existence of one important bourgeois community who participated in the Count's Curia.[fr] L'année 1101 les croisés chrétiens conquèrent la ville de Constantina (à l'actuelle Syrie, ils changent sa denomination pour la de Tourtouse (comme autre ville catalane alors sous la domination musulmane, s'élève à siège episcopal et s'intègre au Comté latin de Tripoli (aujourd'hui au Liban, que appartient au comte de Toulouse de Languedoc. À la mi du XIIᵉ siècle, les turcs la détruirent complètement, et pour assurer sa défense, le comte de Tripoli avec l'êveque autorisent l'Ordre du Temple la construction d'une nouvelle fortification à Tourtouse, avec des pactes sur des divers et reciproques droits économiques ecclésiastiques. Le document que les recueille nous informe aussi sur l'organization politique du Comté de Tripoli, et de l'existence là d'une importante communauté bourgeoise, laquelle participe dans la cour comtale.

  13. LA SOCIOLOGÍA INTERPRETATIVA DE ALFRED SCHÜTZ: REFLEXIONES ENTORNO A UN PLANTEAMIENTO EPISTEMOLÓGICO CUALITATIVO Alfred Schütz´s Interpretative Sociology: Thoughts about an Epistemological Qualitative Idea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rubén Leal Riquelme

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available La “vida cotidiana” es el ámbito donde viven los actores, donde formulan los proyectos de acción, y donde Schütz aplica la Teoría de la acción. Sus investigaciones abordan las relaciones intersubjetivas que establecen los actores sociales. El observador-científico, por su parte, estudia la “vida cotidiana” y, al hacerlo, interpreta la conciencia del actor que vive en ese mundo. Schütz, utilizando la fenomenología como método-teoría, trasciende interpretaciones inmanentistas de la conciencia para postular una epistemología socialEvery day life is a realm where actor live, where they express their action projects, where Schutz applies his action theory. His researches deal with inter subjective relations among social actors. The scientific observer, on his own, also studies every day life, but upon doing it he makes an interpretation of the conscience of the actor living in that realm. This author, using phenomenology as method-therory transcedens inmanent interpretations about conscience to propose instead a social epistemology

  14. Salud mental y ética: El concepto de sentimiento de comunidad en la psicología de Alfred Adler / Mental health and ethics: The concept of “sense of community” in Alfred Adler ́s psychology

    OpenAIRE

    Oberst, Úrsula; Universidad Ramón Llull (España)

    2002-01-01

    En este estudio se define el concepto adleriano de sentimiento de comunidad y sus implicancias éticas intentando equipararlo con el de salud mental. Se revisan los inicios de la psicología individual y las principales diferencias con el psicoanálisis ortodoxo para conducir a la visión humanista y social que Adler tiene de la persona y su problemática psicológica, así como a la afirmación de que el sentido de la comunidad constituye un marco ético para una adecuada valoración de la actividad h...

  15. Correction of Alfred Marshall Theory of Demand%对马歇尔需求理论的修正

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘玉勋

    2002-01-01

    指出马歇尔的需求理论存在的三个问题,进而提出一种边际效用的计量方法,而无需货币的边际效用不变作为前提条件,针对货币的边际效用概念提出了支出的边际效用概念,借助于支出的边际效用和边际效用曲线推导出需求曲线.

  16. Schreier rewriting beyond the classical setting Dedicated to our teacher Alfred Lvovich Shmelkin on his 70th birthday

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    BAHTURIN; Yuri; OLSHANSKII; Alexander

    2009-01-01

    Using actions of free monoids and free associative algebras, we establish some Schreier-type formulas involving ranks of actions and ranks of subactions in free actions or Grassmann-type relations for the ranks of intersections of subactions of free actions. The coset action of the free group is used to establish a generalization of the Schreier formula in the case of subgroups of infinite index. We also study and apply large modules over free associative and free group algebras.

  17. Schreier rewriting beyond the classical setting Dedicated to our teacher Alfred Lvovich Shmelkin on his 70th birthday

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    BAHTURIN Yuri; OLSHANSKII Alexander

    2009-01-01

    Using actions of free monoids and free associative algebras, we establish some Schreiertype formulas involving ranks of actions and ranks of subactions in free actions or Grassmann-type relations for the ranks of intersections of subactions of free actions. The coset action of the free group is used to establish a generalization of the Schreier formula in the case of subgroups of infinite index. We also study and apply large modules over free associative and free group algebras.

  18. Os Filmes (Descritos de Ana Teresa Pereira: Nightmare, de Alfred Hitchcock, e The Double, de David Cronenberg

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amândio Pereira Reis

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Starting with a comparative reading of an ekphrastic text by Callistratus (3rd century AD and taking support from various studies on ekphrasis as a literary practice, from antiquity to present times until its acceptance as an intermedial literary genre, it is our goal to analyze two short stories by Ana Teresa Pereira which invent non-existent films by Hitchcock and Cronenberg. Therefore, we will have to confront a range of problems associated with ekphrastic description – the dialectic between reality and fiction; truth and falsity; imagination and reading – and with the (impossibilities of representation through image and/or words, including a set of questions posed by the specific transmedial relation that A. T. Pereira’s texts establish between Literature and Cinema. We will also take into account the concept of Pavle Levi’s “written film” as one possibility, among others, of genre identification for these narratives.

  19. From Engineering Hydrology to Earth System Science: Milestones in the Transformation of Hydrologic Science (Alfred Wegener Medal Lecture)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sivapalan, Murugesu

    2017-04-01

    Hydrologic science has undergone almost transformative changes over the past 50 years. Huge strides have been made in the transition from early empirical approaches to rigorous approaches based on the fluid mechanics of water movement on and below the land surface. However, further progress has been hampered by problems posed by the presence of heterogeneity, especially subsurface heterogeneity, at all scales. The inability to measure or map subsurface heterogeneity everywhere prevented further development of balance equations and associated closure relations at the scales of interest, and has led to the virtual impasse we are presently in, in terms of development of physically based models needed for hydrologic predictions. An alternative to the mapping of subsurface heterogeneity everywhere is a new earth system science view, which sees the heterogeneity as the end result of co-evolutionary hydrological, geomorphological, ecological and pedological processes, each operating at a different rate, which have helped to shape the landscapes that we see in nature, including the heterogeneity below that we do not see. The expectation is that instead of specifying exact details of the heterogeneity in our models, we can replace it, without loss of information, with the ecosystem function they perform. Guided by this new earth system science perspective, development of hydrologic science is now guided by altogether new questions and new approaches to address them, compared to the purely physical, fluid mechanics based approaches that we inherited from the past. In the emergent Anthropocene, the co-evolutionary view is expanded further to involve interactions and feedbacks with human-social processes as well. In this lecture, I will present key milestones in the transformation of hydrologic science from Engineering Hydrology to Earth System Science, and what this means for hydrologic observations, theory development and predictions.

  20. Modesty and Humility with Charles Robert Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace%达尔文-华莱士之让

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方舟子

    2009-01-01

    1831年12月27日,刚刚从剑桥大学神学院毕业的达尔文作为一名无报酬的博物学家,随贝格尔号扬帆起航,开始了历时5年的环球考察。此时他还是一个正统的基督教徒。贝格尔号绕地球一圈,于1836年10月2日回到英国的时候,

  1. “I am Norman Bates”: Manifestations of the Maternal Acousmatic in Alfred Hitchcock’s Psycho

    OpenAIRE

    Woolsey, Morgan

    2010-01-01

    In this talk, I present a reading of Psycho that relates Bernard Herrmann’s iconic score to the elusive Mother in an attempt to illustrate how film music can communicate gendered meaning. As music is often thought of as nonrepresentational it can be difficult to articulate the connection between an emotional response (fear) and specific musical figures. However, Psycho is a film that investigates gender through the lens of a pathological mother-son dyad, and music and sound, especially voice,...

  2. Sir Charles Alfred Ballance (1856-1936) and the introduction of facial nerve crossover anastomosis in 1895

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van de Graaf, Robert C.; Ijpma, Frank F. A.; Nicolai, Jean-Philippe A.

    2009-01-01

    Sir Charles Ballance (1856-1936) was the first surgeon in history to perform a facial nerve crossover anastomosis in 1895. Although, recently, several papers on the history of facial nerve surgery have been published, little is known about this historically important operation, the theoretical reaso

  3. Polarisation matière et rayonnement volume jubilaire en l'honneur d'Alfred Kastler

    CERN Document Server

    1969-01-01

    Volume jubilaire en l'honneur du Professeur Kastler, préparé et édité par la Société Française de Physique. Il se compose d'une série d'articles originaux écrits par un certain nombre de physiciens français et étrangers qui se sentent concernés par l'oeuvre de Kastler.

  4. The Challenges of Developing a Framework for Global Water Cycle Monitoring and Prediction (Alfred Wegener Medal Lecture)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wood, Eric F.

    2014-05-01

    The Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS) Water Strategy ("From Observations to Decisions") recognizes that "water is essential for ensuring food and energy security, for facilitating poverty reduction and health security, and for the maintenance of ecosystems and biodiversity", and that water cycle data and observations are critical for improved water management and water security - especially in less developed regions. The GEOSS Water Strategy has articulated a number of goals for improved water management, including flood and drought preparedness, that include: (i) facilitating the use of Earth Observations for water cycle observations; (ii) facilitating the acquisition, processing, and distribution of data products needed for effective management; (iii) providing expertise, information systems, and datasets to the global, regional, and national water communities. There are several challenges that must be met to advance our capability to provide near real-time water cycle monitoring, early warning of hydrological hazards (floods and droughts) and risk assessment under climate change, regionally and globally. Current approaches to monitoring and predicting hydrological hazards are limited in many parts of the world, and especially in developing countries where national capacity is limited and monitoring networks are inadequate. This presentation describes the developments at Princeton University towards a seamless monitoring and prediction framework at all time scales that allows for consistent assessment of water variability from historic to current conditions, and from seasonal and decadal predictions to climate change projections. At the center of the framework is an experimental, global water cycle monitoring and seasonal forecast system that has evolved out of regional and continental systems for the US and Africa. The system is based on land surface hydrological modeling that is driven by satellite remote sensing precipitation to predict current hydrological conditions, flood potential and the state of drought. Seasonal climate model forecasts are downscaled and bias-corrected to drive the land surface model to provide hydrological forecasts and drought products out 6-9 months. The system relies on historic reconstructions of water variability over the 20th century, which forms the background climatology to which current conditions can be assessed. Future changes in water availability and drought risk are quantified based on bias-corrected and downscaled climate model projections that are used to drive the land surface models. For regions with lack of on-the-ground data we are field-testing low-cost environmental sensors and along with new satellite products for terrestrial hydrology and vegetation, integrating these into the system for improved monitoring and prediction. At every step there are scientific challenges whose solutions are only partially being solved. In addition there are challenges in delivering such systems as "climate services", especially to societies with low technical capacity such as rural agriculturalists in sub-Saharan Africa, but whose needs for such information are great. We provide an overview of the system and some examples of real-world applications to flood and drought events, with a focus on Africa.

  5. Alfred Schütz’s writings from the perspective of a theory of action’s creativity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier L. Cristiano

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The article proposes a review of the work of Schütz from the question about “creativity” of social action, which was not made expressly by the author but it is in his writings an important principle of response. After positioning the subject in some coordinates of the current sociological discussion, we present four specific fields from schütz’ contributions: the ability to expand and make a creative use of “the social heritage of knowledge”, the individual and collective capacity to imagine action projects, the ability to create and use symbols, and producing with them exclusive worlds of imaginary existence, as well as the ability to give birth to new experiences. It is stated that these four fields outline the contours of a phenomenology of creativity of action, which sets out some open fields for further research.

  6. The ethnographer as smuggler. Image traffic, propagation of concepts and uses of material culture in the works of Alfred Metraux/El etnografo como contrabandista. Trafico de imagenes, propagacion de conceptos y usos de la cultura material en la obra de Alfred Metraux/O etnografo como contrabandista. Trafego de imagens, propagacao de conceitos e usos da cultura material na obra de Alfred Metraux

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Bravo, Alvaro Fernandez

    2013-01-01

    The present paper develops a few hypotheses regarding the traffic of material culture in Latin America and its impact, both in the field con anthropologic knowledge and in the artistic vanguards of...

  7. Raising the Standard: An Interview with Lord Norman Foster%提升水准--诺曼·福斯特访谈

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    建物; 徐永利

    2005-01-01

    在采访中,诺曼·福斯特就技术灵活性、可持续性、象征性、社会性等建筑学相关概念表达了他的观点,揭示了其事务所在中国及香港一些项目背后的设计哲学.

  8. Lord Rutherford of Nelson, his 1908 Nobel Prize in Chemistry, and why he didn't get a second prize

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jarlskog, Cecilia [Division of Mathematical Physics, LTH, Lund University, Box 118, S-22100 Lund (Sweden)], E-mail: cecilia.jarlskog@matfys.lth.se

    2008-11-01

    'I have dealt with many different transformations with various periods of time, but the quickest that I have met was my own transformation in one moment from a physicist to a chemist.' Ernest Rutherford (Nobel Banquet, 1908) This article is about how Ernest Rutherford (1871-1937) got the 1908 Nobel Prize in Chemistry and why he did not get a second Prize for his subsequent outstanding discoveries in physics, specially the discovery of the atomic nucleus and the proton. Who were those who nominated him and who did he nominate for the Nobel Prizes? In order to put the Prize issue into its proper context, I will briefly describe Rutherford's whereabouts. Rutherford, an exceptionally gifted scientist who revolutionized chemistry and physics, was moulded in the finest classical tradition. What were his opinions on some scientific issues such as Einstein's photon, uncertainty relations and the future prospects for atomic energy? What would he have said about the 'Theory of Everything'? Extended version of an invited talk presented at the conference 'Neutrino 2008', Christchurch, NZ, 25-31 May 2008.

  9. "If the Lord's Willing and the Creek Don't Rise": Flood Control and the Displaced Rural Communities of Irving and Broughton, Kansas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanson, Robin A.

    2010-01-01

    The author examines how the residents of two displaced rural Kansas towns, and their descendants, exhibit a sense of identity common to small farm communities throughout the Great Plains, and how tenacious these ties are even after the physical reminder of their communal bonds no longer exists. By examining the struggles to survive faced by these…

  10. U.S. Military Deployments to Africa: Lessons from the Hunt for Joseph Kony and the Lord’s Resistance Army

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-08-01

    on the customs, culture, and history of the region. SOF teams can hire translators to help them across the language barriers once on the ground, but...they cannot get translators to help them across the cultural barriers. Logistically, the move- ment of materiel into many areas of Africa is limited...decades has led to a thriving tourism sector. Beyond tourism , the economy is largely based on mining (copper, cobalt, gold, and limestone) and

  11. On Lord of the Flies and its Sarcasm%《蝇王》及讽刺手法的运用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩伟

    2010-01-01

    英国小说家威廉·戈尔丁在小说中运用了讽刺手法来探究人性本恶,从而阐明了人类战争的根源.本文从外在讽刺和内在讽刺两个方面着力于分析中讽刺的应用,以及戈尔丁如何应用讽刺的技巧使成为一部现代寓言.

  12. Arguing at Play in the Fields of the Lord; or, Abducting Charles Peirce's Rhetorical Theory in "A Neglected Argument for the Reality of God"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newcomb, Matthew J.

    2009-01-01

    This article argues that the ideas of "play" and "abduction" in Charles Peirce's work represent an inventive theory of argument that opens up the kinds of activities that can be called "arguments" and avoids some of the struggles over imposed beliefs with which recent argument theory has grappled. (Contains 12 notes.)

  13. Shattering the idols: Confronting the obstinate hold of dehumanising powers on post-apartheid South Africans with the living presence of the crucified and resurrected Lord

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    This practical-theological article focuses on the spiritual dimension of forces that are influencing the social fabric of post-apartheid South Africans. Working with Eswine’s assumption, we reflect on the hold of idols on the hearts and minds of people. The spiritual powers at work in society develop into idols and place their own desires above God’s purpose for humanity and creation. Rather than serving the ends of human life, the powers exercise dominion over human beings, restricting and d...

  14. Shattering the idols: Confronting the obstinate hold of dehumanising powers on post-apartheid South Africans with the living presence of the crucified and resurrected Lord

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferdinand P. Kruger

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available This practical-theological article focuses on the spiritual dimension of forces that are influencing the social fabric of post-apartheid South Africans. Working with Eswine’s assumption, we reflect on the hold of idols on the hearts and minds of people. The spiritual powers at work in society develop into idols and place their own desires above God’s purpose for humanity and creation. Rather than serving the ends of human life, the powers exercise dominion over human beings, restricting and dehumanising them and destroying the fabric of integrated social life by means of the blinding and hardening hold of idolatry. In the post-apartheid South African society this idolatry manifests in the illusion of power flowing from entitling oneself to self-aggrandisement and in the false sense of stability flowing from the efforts of the middle class in establishing a sophisticated first-world enclave aimed at protecting themselves from the third-world masses. The purpose is to develop the contours for a homiletic theory aimed at shattering the obstinate hold of idols by means of the prophetic act of ministering the living presence of the crucified and resurrected Christ in the hearts and minds of preachers and listeners. A theory is envisioned for an iconoclast action that originates from a different power and wisdom base than is the case with the dominating forces and the hold of their idols,namely a field of force with the integrating presence of the risen Christ at its heart; a space where a liberated and reconciled humanity will be able to flourish.Die verbryseling van die afgode: Die konfrontering van die hardnekkige houvas van verontmenslikende kragte op post-apartheid Suid-Afrikaners met die lewende teenwoordigheid van die gekruisigde en opgestane Here. Hierdie prakties-teologiese artikel, fokus op die geestelike dimensie van magte wat in ’n post-apartheid Suid-Afrikaanse samelewing ’n invloed op die sosiale omgewing uitoefen. Die uitgangspunt van Eswine dien as aansporing vir die besinning oor die houvas wat afgode op die harte en gedagtes vangelowiges het. Die funksionering van geestelike magte in die samelewing word ondersoek. Hierdie magte verhef hulself tot afgode en plaas hulle eie begeertes bo God se wil vir die skepping en die mens. In plaas daarvan om God se wil vir die onderhouding van die menslike lewe te eerbiedig oefen hierdie magte heerskappy oor mense uit deur afgodery waardeur die geïntegreerdheid van die samelewing gedisintegreer word. Mense word verblind om die invloed van afgodery in hulle lewens te vestig. In ‘n post-apartheid Suid-Afrikaanse samelewing manifesteer dit deur die illusie van mag voortvloeiend uit selfverheerliking, as ook in die middelklas se koorsagtige poging om hulleself in `n gemaklike eerste-wêreldenklawe te isoleer as beskerming teen die Derdewêreldse massas. Die outeurs wil ‘n homiletiese teorie vir die verydeling van afgodery ontwerp wat in die teenwoordigheid van die gekruisigde enopgestane Christus in die harte en gedagtes van hoorders gegrond is. Hierdie kragveld open ’n lewensruimte waarin gelowiges, bevry van die mag van afgodery, versoend sal kan floreer.

  15. AUTHORS' STRATEGIES IN THE ENGLISH TEXT (ON THE EXAMPLE OF THE TRILOGY "LORD OF THE RINGS" BY J. R. R. TOLKIEN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suvorova, P.E.

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Authors of the article proceed from the assumption that a certain author's orientation in the selection of the artistic worldbuilding can be revealed in any text. This concerns not the stylistic techniques and choice of the artistic means but the detection of formation of strategy and division of a literary text. It describes the process of creating a space-time organization of the text according to the author's task and intention. It is proved that the landscape in the time continuum in the trilogy of J. R. R. Tolkien forms a certain visual impression and transmits information of the associative (psychological type, meaning that, the author's textual strategy is aimed at identifying links between internal and external information about the space-time picture of the world. The authors come to the conclusion about three main strategies in the creation of a space-time model in a trilogy of J. R. R. Tolkien simultaneously implemented in the creation of the visual image, transfer of information of associative type, usage of the landscape and temporal situation description for the implementation and disclosure of basic idea of the work.

  16. �Return to the Lord your God, for he is gracious and compassionate...� (Jl 2:13. A prophetic perspective on reconciliation and restoration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W J Wessels

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available In this article the Old Testament prophetic literature will be the focus of discussion with regard to the matter of restoring broken relationships, be it between God and humans or between humans as such. The relationship between Yahweh and his people was formally established by means of a covenant. The presentation of the prophetic material is done with a narrow focus on the issues of reconciliation and restoration. Prophets and prophetic� texts are selected with the mentioned focus in mind and presented as the results of research done on the chosen texts. It is therefore done with a real awareness of the complexity of the prophetic material and the historical embedding of prophetic material. A detailed discussion of introductory and theological issues are therefore not presented, but taken into account. What result in this paper is a focussed presentation on the mentioned topics in some of the prophetic material. Although the word reconciliation is not an Old Testament concept, it is clear that the idea of re-establishment and renewal of� the relationship between God and people was ever present. The prophets had the duty to address the reasons for damage to this covenant relationship and to warn the people of the consequences if they continue to disobey the stipulations and ethical demands of this relationship. The prophets not only served as witnesses of the efforts of Yahweh to reconcile with his people, but also as instruments to bring it about.�

  17. Merchant-Kings and Lords of the World: Diplomatic Gift-Exchange between the Dutch East India Company and the Safavid and Mughal Empires in the Seventeenth Century

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Birkenholz, Frank; Sowerby, Tracey A.; Hennings, Jan

    2017-01-01

    In 1652 the VOC ambassador Joan Cunaeus presented the Safavid Shah Abbas II with a set of diplomatic gifts including goods of Asian and European origin during an audience ceremony in the Ali Qapu palace in Isfahan. A decade later, VOC director Dircq van Adrichem offered the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb

  18. Isaiah 61:1-3(4-9 10-11 Transferor of privileges, an “identikit” of the servant of the Lord?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H.A.J. Kruger

    2002-11-01

    Full Text Available On the basis of the demarcation of the book of Isaiah into three distinct literary units, scholarly opinion has ruled out the possibility that Isaiah 61:1-4 (5-9 10-11 (as part of Trito-Isaiah might be given the status of a so-called Servant Song along with the other group of “genuine” Servant Songs (Isa 42:1-4; 49:1-6; 50:4-1; 52:13-53:12, as part of Deutero-Isaiah. The paper argues that Isaiah 61 should be integrated with the other four Songs, bringing the number of the Songs of the Servant to five. Arguments to support the case include a profile of the figure in chapter 61 in relation to the one described in the first four Songs; the application of what may be called a “democratization” concept; the mediating function of the figure referred to in Isaiah 61, and the role of the literary structure of the eleven chapters of Isaiah 56-66.

  19. On Quest for Morality in Joseph Conrad's Lord Jim%评约瑟夫·康拉德《吉姆爷》的道德探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁洪兰

    2009-01-01

    道德是人类精神生活的一个重要部分.英国约瑟夫·康拉德小说继承了英国小说探索道德问题的传统并把道德探索的创作艺术推向一个新的高度.吉姆道德探索从社会的影响、他人的影响以及主人公自身的弱点阐述了道德堕落的根源,探讨主人公重建道德完美的赎罪过程,并从主人公经历中的三次跳跃,探讨"忠诚"与"背叛"这一道德主题.

  20. 76 FR 54252 - In the Matter of Certain Wireless Devices With 3G Capabilities and Components Thereof; Notice of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-31

    ... Huawei, Technologies (USA), 5700 Tennyson Parkway, Suite 500, Plano, TX 75024. Nokia Corporation, Keilalahdentie 2-4, FIN-00045 Nokia Group, Espoo, Finland. Nokia Inc., 102 Corporate Park Drive, White Plains,...

  1. The Influence of Captain Alfred Thayer Mahan upon the United States Navy through the United States Naval Institute’s Proceedings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-13

    Station flagship. When Admiral Henry Erben reported for duty “and hoisted his broad pennant as commander of the station,” it signaled rough seas ahead for...by which Proceedings gained permission to reprint his article; however, another possible source of friction may have been their process for...suggested article topics vice pursuing his own agenda.267 The differences between the two operating approaches could have caused friction between Mahan

  2. Crisis of the Mythological? The Melting of the Polar Ice in Greenland in Alfred Döblin’s Berge Meere und Giganten

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hanna Maria Hofmann

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available The novel Berge Meere und Giganten was written in 1924. I would like to focus my attention on the 7th book in the novel, whose title is Die Enteisung Grönlands (The Melting of the Polar Ice in Greenland. To begin with, I will give a short summary of what the novel is about. The project to melt Greenland's polar ice forms the culmination of a history of the whole of humanity running from the 20th century all the way until the 27th century. Using all their military and technological might, the heat of the Icelandic volcanoes is captured in solid form and transported by ship to the Arctic. With the help of a gigantic net, this heat is then unloaded on to Greenland, thus melting its ice. Greenland ‘strikes back' however, firstly by casting a magical spell. My central thesis is that Döblin`s Greenland fiction is about the destruction of the myth of Greenland and that this ultimately documents a crisis of the mythological itself.

  3. 没有所谓村上春树……有的只是村上明珠少华和Alfred Jay Murakami

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏绍恩; 谢浩然

    2010-01-01

    <正>说到村上,我们其实说的是……确切地说,所谓村上春树,对我们其实并不存在——我们这些不足以应付村上日文原著作品的非日语系读者。先让我们从头开始,试图整理出村上春树这位日本作者在日语系和日语系以外的文化圈如何存在;这些年间,我们又如何阅读、接收所谓的村上世界。

  4. An Aesthetic Analysis of Alfred Hitchcock's Movies of Suspence%希区柯克电影文本美学分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    庄琦春

    2009-01-01

    @@ 一、引言 美国电影悬念大师希区柯克在其漫长且不断创造精品的导演生涯中,以他敏锐的审美洞见力,细致观察、审视现实世界自然更替和社会变迁,为电影世界制造了无数的展示现实世界"存在"的、令人叹服的电影文本.希区柯克的电影文本同其他多数以表现社会心理的、伦理的、浅层人物性格的电影文本不同,在他的电影文本中,他巧用"结构"的叙事能力,使形式结构发挥了推进电影文本中故事发展的内驱力.

  5. Creating Suspension——The Analysis Of Alfred Hitchcock's Film%悬念当头——希区柯克电影解析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    招斯喆

    2009-01-01

    作为世界著名的悬念制造大师,希区柯克本人的生活也是一个悬念,或许正因为如此,他才掌握了创造悬念的秘诀,其作品往往诱人深入不可知的境遇,将悬疑和随之而来的恐惧渗入观众骨髓.对于希区柯克来说,刻意的、拙劣的恐惧、惊悚以及哥特式的环境场不过是悬念的外缘物,衍生物,甚至是附带品.相反,与悬念血脉融通的恐怖才是上品,诚如他著名的"幽闭恐怖"和"旷野恐怖".

  6. 早期英国电影与希区柯克的先锋实践%Early British Films and Alfred Hitchcock's Vanguard Practices

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李二仕

    2004-01-01

    有人通过甄别考察指出,世界范围内,其电影在艺术和商业两方面都取得了巨大成就的有三个人,卓别林、希区柯克和詹姆斯·威尔。有意思的是,他们全都来自英国,而后又都被收归于美国好莱坞的麾下。前者开拓的流浪汉形象和喜剧电

  7. L’affaire Doeblin : Alfred, Wolfgang et quelques autres. Regards croisés sur l’expérience créatrice

    OpenAIRE

    Petit, Marc

    2006-01-01

    Dans ces pages, Marc Petit – romancier et germaniste, auteur de L’équation de Kolmogoroff, vie et mort de Wolfgang Doeblin – rend hommage à Bernard Bru dont l’apport, comme introducteur à l’histoire des mathématiques probabilistes et spécialiste de Wolfgang Doeblin, fut décisif dans le travail de préparation de cet ouvrage. Dans ce texte qui inclut un certain nombre de réflexions sur l’intuition et l’invention mathématiques comparées à leur équivalent poétique et littéraire (en référence à la...

  8. Los oídos del antropólogo. La música pilagá en las narrativas de Enrique Paoavecino y Alfred Métraux

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel A. García

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available En el artículo se examinan las valoraciones efectuadas por Palavecino y Métraux sobre la música de los aborígenes pilagá. El objetivo consiste en observar cómo operan los condicionamientos de audición en la experiencia de campo y discurrir sobre la influencia del paradigma estético al cual adscribe el investigador en el desarrollo de sus rutinas de audición y observación. Además, se pone en clave de discusión cómo, a pesar de que la subjetividad es una dimensión borrada en los discursos de ambos autores, los juicios de valor sobre la música parecen ser, a diferencia de otros temas tratados, algo que escapa a un control total dentro de sus narrativas.

  9. Los psicólogos hispanoparlantes y la teoría de Alfred Adler en la revista Internationale Zeitschrift fuer Individualpsychologie (1914-1937)

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Ramón León

    2000-01-01

    ... a América Latina, fue también un prolífico colaborador en la Zeitschrift. Las formas que asumió la difusión de la producción de los autores latinoamericanos y el destino de las ideas de Adler en esta parte del mundo son objeto de un breve comentario.

  10. Los psicólogos hispanoparlantes y la teoría de Alfred Adler en la revista Internationale Zeitschrift fuer Individualpsychologie (1914-1937

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramón León

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available La presente comunicación trata de la recepción de la producción de autores españoles y latinoamericanos (entre 1914 y 1927 en las páginas de la Intemationale Zeitschriftfür Individualpsychologie, la revista oficial del movimiento adleriano. Lydia Sicher fue la más activa recensionadora de la literatura en español. Oliver Brachfeld, que después emigraría a América Latina, fue también un prolífico colaborador en la Zeitschrift. Las formas que asumió la difusión de la producción de los autores latinoamericanos y el destino de las ideas de Adler en esta parte del mundo son objeto de un breve comentario.

  11. Review of James Alfred Loader ‘Proverbs 1–9’ (Historical Commentary on the Old Testament, Peeters Leuven, 2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pieter Venter

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Loader’s commentary on Proverbs 1–9 belongs to the category of technical commentaries. It is evaluated in terms of similar commentaries written by scholars who focus on interpreting the original Hebrew text. The design of the commentary, the four essays included in the commentary, and the approach to the text is discussed. A final section deals with Loader’s exposition of Proverbs 8. This section focuses on the problematic Hebrew terms qnh in 8:22 and ‘amon in 8:30 and compares his interpretation with the opinions raised by other scholars in this regard.

  12. Enlightenment of Alfred Adler's compensation theory on psychology teaching%阿德勒补偿理论对心理教学的启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    顾楠; 袁罗牙

    2010-01-01

    借助某一先天要素对学生做出单向评定普遍存在于教学当中,该评定方式的非科学性、不确定性和负效用不容忽视;阿德勒补偿理论启发教学主体辩证看待先天要素在教学中的地位,正确认识和处理实然与应然、现实逆境与主观努力、消极悲观与积极乐观、高峰体验与高原体验的辩证关系.

  13. Generating Object Descriptions: Integrating Examples with Text

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-01-01

    generate prompts. The first goal of generating a LIST of atoms can be collapsed with the previ- [ Bruner , 19661 Jerome S . Bruner . Toward a Theory of in... Educational Psychology, 67:852-859, 1975. [Tennyson et al., 19751 Robert D. Tennyson, M. Steve, and S R. Boutwell. Instance Sequence and Analysis of Instance...Attribute Representation in Concept Acquisition. Journal of Educational Psychology, 67:821-827, 1975. [Touretzky, 19841 David S . Touretzky. UISP: A

  14. Early history of electroencephalography and establishment of the American Clinical Neurophysiology Society.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stone, James L; Hughes, John R

    2013-02-01

    The field of electroencephalography (EEG) had its origin with the discovery of recordable electrical potentials from activated nerves and muscles of animals and in the last quarter of the 19th century from the cerebral cortex of animals. By the 1920s, Hans Berger, a neuropsychiatrist from Germany, recorded potentials from the scalp of patients with skull defects and, a few years later, with more sensitive equipment from intact subjects. Concurrently, the introduction of electronic vacuum tube amplification and the cathode ray oscilloscope was made by American physiologists or "axonologists," interested in peripheral nerve recordings. Berger's findings were independently confirmed in early 1934 by Lord Adrian in England and by Hallowell Davis at Harvard, in the United States. In the United States, the earliest contributions to human EEG were made by Hallowell Davis, Herbert H. Jasper, Frederic A. Gibbs, William Lennox, and Alfred L. Loomis. Remarkable progress in the development of EEG as a useful clinical tool followed the 1935 report by the Harvard group on the electrographic and clinical correlations in patients with absence (petit mal) seizures and altered states of consciousness. Technical aspects of the EEG and additional clinical EEG correlations were elucidated by the above investigators and a number of others. Further study led to gatherings of the EEG pioneers at Loomis' laboratory in New York (1935-1939), Regional EEG society formation, and the American Clinical Neurophysiology Society in 1946.

  15. Narrative report: J. Clark Salyer National Wildlife Refuge, Lords Lake Easement Refuge, Rabb Lake Easement Refuge, School Section Lake Easement Refuge, Willow Lake Easement Refuge for calendar year 1968

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for J. Clark Salyer NWR and the easement refuges outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1968 calendar year. The report begins by...

  16. 萨特观念戏剧的艺术特性--评《魔鬼与上帝》%The Devil and the Good Lord: Jean-Paul Sartre's Concept Play

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冉东平

    2002-01-01

    本文以观念戏剧的艺术特性为审美视角,探讨了萨特《魔鬼与上帝》的戏剧冲突、人物塑造、戏剧艺术所蕴含的思想价值,以及在艺术实践上的突破.从戏剧艺术的角度佐证了萨特在第二次世界大战后其"自由"哲学思想的转折变化.

  17. Editorial Commentary: Helping Those Who Seek the Company of "Lord Stanley": Hockey Players and Hip Injuries Highlight the Current State and Future Challenges in Understanding, Treating, and Preventing Nonarthritic Hip Disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christoforetti, John

    2016-09-01

    The state of the art in caring for athletic hip injuries requires comprehensive understanding of dynamic sport-specific biomechanical demands, accurate musculoskeletal diagnosis, and a mindset towards matching hip structure with functional demand at all levels of play. The sport of hockey presents a unique opportunity to review these fundamentals of modern management and illuminates the way towards future understanding of the cause of common nonarthritic hip conditions.

  18. 威廉·戈尔丁《蝇王》中西蒙的圣人形象%The Saintly Image of Simon in William Golding's Lord of the Flies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李明政

    2015-01-01

    《蝇王》是威廉·戈尔丁的杰出作品.许多学者对这本小说的各个方面都进行了探讨.本文选取了这部小说中一个特殊的人物形象:西蒙,并结合西蒙和圣人原型之间的关系说明西蒙的圣人形象.本文将分为三个部分:第一部分为文献综述;第二部分描述西蒙不同的圣人形象.本部分将通过两方面对其圣人形象进行分析.最后一部分为结论.

  19. 十八世纪清代"多主制"与《宾礼》的关联与(氏)牾%The Consonance and Dissonance Between the "System of Multitude of Lords" and the Qing Guest Ritual in the Eighteenth Century

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗志田

    2001-01-01

    针对以费正清为代表的用"朝贡体制"来解释"中国的世界秩序"之观念,何伟亚最近提出,清代的才反映了清廷处理对外关系的原则和方式,且体现了远更广阔的整合"天下"秩序的构想.但他又强调满清对其帝国的想象是一种"以满清皇室为最高君主的多主制".本文以为,以蒙藏关系为基础的所谓"多主制"和"宾礼"适用的对象各不相同,其间固有关联,同时更有相当程度的(氏)牾,不宜并论.

  20. 《魔戒》中的英雄主义和托尔金的英雄观%Heroism in The Lord of the Rings and Tolkien's Hero Concept

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    桑薇

    2012-01-01

    英国魔幻作家托尔金是古盎格鲁——撒克逊语言学家和史诗《贝奥武甫》研究专家,同时也是一名虔诚的天主教徒,因此其作品《魔戒》中融入了北欧神话和英雄史诗的英雄传统,且英雄形象塑造和情节发展方面都带有基督教的烙印.《魔戒》对古日耳曼英雄传统的沿袭和对基督教的皈依,使中世纪英雄主义和基督英雄主义在作品中同现,是日耳曼古老的文化传统与基督教文化的撞击融合.

  1. 评析《吉姆老爷》中的生态女性主义观%An Analysis of Eco-feminism in Joseph Conrad's LORD JIM

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    毛艳华

    2010-01-01

    通过探讨中吉姆与自然、吉姆与女性的关系来挖掘小说中所反映出的生态女性主义观,以便更客观、更准确地评价作者康拉德的种族意识和女性意识.在小说中,康拉德通过肯定吉姆这一人物形象表达了自己对父权制的谴责,以及对女性地位的肯定.

  2. 帝国主义神话的营构--论约瑟夫·康拉德的《吉姆老爷》%Pricking the Bubble--a Post-colonial Study of Joseph Conrad's Lord Jim

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段方

    2004-01-01

    中的吉姆是一个帝国主义话语操纵下的文本人物.帝国主义话语为他编织了自我理想.吉姆在"帕特那"跳船事件中的表现充分说明了这种理想的脆弱性.帝国叙事者又借助话语的力量为他创造了一个文本境界,在那里他的帝国主义想象变成了"现实".但是,小说中有意识的文本性又让读者体会到叙事背后的欲望与强权,从而对文本的虚构性产生警惕.从这个意义上讲,康拉德在参与建构帝国文化和殖民文化的同时又对其进行了批判,对帝国的未来建设者所受的文化教育表现出深刻的怀疑和忧虑.

  3. A New Approach to Realistic Literacy Creation--on Joseph Conrad's Lord Jim%现实主义文学创作新探--评康拉德的《吉姆老爷》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘铁成; 孔淑萍

    2006-01-01

    是一部现实主义的经典文学作品.作品中多种叙事手段的运用不仅仅意味着写作手法的创新,也帮助文章挖掘和丰富了其道德内涵、哲学内涵,使对作品的解读更为宽泛,作品的主旨更为丰富.作品中使用了一些新的叙事技巧,如时间跳跃、多视角叙事、印象主义、象征主义等手法.康拉德对后来的许多现代主义作家都有深远的影响.

  4. 试论《蝇王》对《鲁滨逊漂流记》的"移位"性叙述%On the displacement narration of Lord of Flies to Robinson Crusoe

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨瑶

    2008-01-01

    文学叙述中的"移位"是一种效果奇特的叙述方式,当代小说在表层叙述结构及深层理念中时十八世纪小说进行了"移位"性叙述,表达了对人类命运及社会历史的现代性思考.

  5. On the Absence of Women in Robinson Crusoe and Lord of the Flies%论《鲁宾逊漂流记》和《蝇王》中的女性缺席

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段汉武

    2006-01-01

    文章运用了文化分析和文本分析相结合的方法,对和中女性缺席的现象进行了新的解读和评析,认为作品中女性的缺席不仅体现着笛福和戈尔丁不同的女性观,而且体现了孤岛文学特征,深化了主题意义,使人物形象得到了更为生动的塑造,并构成了其独具特色的叙述艺术.

  6. 《蝇王》所揭示的二战主题%The Lords of the Flies Reveals the Theme of the Horrors of the World War Ⅱ

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖旭

    2009-01-01

    是一部发人深省的现代寓言性小说.小说以未来的一场战争毁掉了人类的和平为背景对人性进行了深入探讨.在作者看来,二战的根源是人性邪恶,其邪恶与生俱来,不可摧毁,它总是受到文明的压抑而潜伏在人的内心深处,一旦失去管束.便会以战争形式释放出来.而人类不断向邪恶妥协是人类自身悲剧的催化剂.认识到这一点,就必须建立起足够的对于人性恶的防范意识,防止战争爆发和人类悲剧的再次上演.

  7. The Dark Side of the Earth

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frankel, Henry

    1986-10-01

    Wood's The Dark Side of the Earth is another addition to the growing list of books on the recent revolution in the earth sciences. Wood rightly points out that any new book on the topic should break new ground. In the preface, he writes of himself and his book that he has benefited from previous accounts by saving himself research time, and that his book, unlike others, “attempts to tell one complete story of the study of the Earth, geologists, geophysicists, dreamers and all” (p. vi). Wood is ambitious, for his work covers much of 19th-century geology as well as the development, reception, rejection, and eventual acceptance of mobilist ideas. Before discussing the work of the German meteorologist and geophysicist Alfred L. Wegener, American glacial geomorphologist Frank Taylor, and several of their predecessors who proposed “mobilist” ideas, he manages to string together brief descriptions of the contributions of (among others) German mineralogist Abraham Gottlob Werner, British geologists James Hutten and John Playfair, British engineer William Smith, British geologist Charles Lyell, American geologists James Hall and James Dwight Dana, British volcanologist William Lowthian Green, American geologist Grove Karl Gilbert, French geologist Elie de Beaumont, British geologist and mathematician Osmond Fisher, American geologist Clarence Dutton, British mathematician and physicist Lord Kelvin, Austrian geologist Eduard Suess, French geologist Marcel Bertrand, and American geologist Thomas Chrowder Chamberlin. Moreover, Wood offers an interesting thesis about the revolution in the earth sciences. He claims that the real revolution was not the replacement of fixist views with the mobilist ones of sea floor spreading and plate tectonics, but rather the replacement of geology with the new discipline of the earth sciences in which geophysics and geochemistry play the central role.

  8. El etnógrafo como contrabandista. Tráfico de imágenes, propagación de conceptos y usos de la cultura material en la obra de Alfred Métraux

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Álvaro Fernández Bravo

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The present paper develops a few hypotheses regarding the traffic of material culture in Latin America and its impact, both in the field con anthropologic knowledge and in the artistic vanguards of the first half of the twentieth century. The circulation networks thatsupported the exchange of images and objects between ethnographers and institutions that supported their research allow for the reconstruction of the itineraries followed by those objects, the footprints of those trajectories in the construction of knowledge, the demarcation of disciplinary fields and the transgression of epistemological frontiers, associated to the emergence of new aesthetic objects and sciences such as anthropology.

  9. 论"J·阿尔弗瑞德·普鲁弗洛克的情歌"的语言艺术%The language artistry of The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴玲英; 汤敬安; 刘拥军

    2007-01-01

    "J·阿尔弗瑞德·普鲁弗洛克的情歌"是T.S.艾略特语言艺术精湛的典型范例.艾略特在诗歌中大用意象,巧用意象,并运用了丰富的文学和文化暗指;同时,借助拼贴、反复和组合前人作品中看似无关的片段等语言手段来突现诗歌中奥妙鲜明的意象,给诗歌的表达带来沉郁顿挫、一咏三叹的韵味,使灰暗、无奈的主调显露得淋漓尽致,充分展示了诗作丰富的内涵和外延,从而开创了一种新的诗歌表达方式.

  10. Gaze out of Appetency——Interpretation of Alfred Hitchcock Rim "Vertigo"%欲望的观看——解读希区柯克经典电影《迷魂记》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王曦

    2011-01-01

    是20世纪50年代阿尔弗雷德·希区柯克的经典之作,是他的"控制艺术"中最坦率和最具忏悔性的作品.这部心理剧充满神秘、灵异、爱情和谋杀的气氛,拥有很多不同的阐释角度.在这部影片中男性的欲望窥视和女性的自我凝视主题同时存在,以不同的视觉图像很好地反映了电影叙述中产生视觉快感的内在性别心理结构机制.

  11. On two reports associated with James Wood-Mason and Alfred William Alcock published by the Indian Museum and the Indian Marine Survey between 1890 and 1891: implications for malacostracan nomenclature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huys, Rony; Low, Martyn E Y; De Grave, Sammy; Ng, Peter K L; Clark, Paul F

    2014-01-01

    Two rare documents associated with the Indian Museum and the Indian Marine Survey for the administrative year April 1890 to March 1891 have been examined and found to have nomenclatural consequences for malacostracan crustaceans. Even though they constitute available published works according to the International Code for Zoological Nomenclature, these reports have rarely been cited. Dating these two publications is of importance as they make decapod scientific names available and, in a few instances, describe the same taxa. After searching the collections deposited in the Asian and African Room, British Library, the Administration Report of the Indian Marine for the year April 1890 to March 1891 could be dated with some degree of certainty as 25 August 1891. In contrast, dating the Indian Museum Annual Report proved more difficult because after examination of copies held by the General Library in the Natural History Museum, London, it was evident that not all of these reports were consistently published on time to meet an end of year deadline. However, the publication of volume XXII of the Indian Museum Annual Report for the year April 1890 to March 1891 appeared to be contemporary with the year printed at the bottom of the title page. As no exact date could be established with confidence, the publication date for this volume was fixed as 31 December 1891 in accordance with ICZN Art. 21.3.2. Therefore the Administration Report of the Indian Marine (published 25 August 1891) is considered to take precedence over the Indian Museum Annual Report (published 31 December 1891) and as such the names made available in the former take priority. As original copies of the Administration Report of the Indian Marine are not readily available in most libraries and few scientists have actually had access to these publications, the relevant Appendix No. XIII, in which the names of several malacostracan taxa are made available, is reproduced here. Since the appendix is not conclusively attributable to a specific author, it is considered to be written anonymously and should therefore be cited as Anonymous (1891). A number of names in Appendix No. XIII are available since they are accompanied by a brief description of the taxa they denote, and are either attributable to James Wood-Mason or remain with anonymous authorship; others are nomina nuda without a diagnosis or indication, or have been diagnosed previously in the "Natural History Notes from H.M. Indian Marine Survey Steamer Investigator". The nomenclatural implications for eight names made available in Anonymous (1891) are discussed: Glyphocrangon caeca, Glyphocrangon sculptus var. coecescens, Psalidopodidae, Psalidopus, Psalidopus mirabilis, Psathyrocaris, Psathyrocaris fragilis and Psopheticus crepitans. The nomenclatural history of various other taxa, initially denoted by unavailable names in Anonymous (1891), is also documented. The authorships of the various crustacean taxa collected by the Indian Marine Survey Steamer Investigator during the seasons 1889-1890 and 1890-1891, and published in two series of connected parts in the Annals and Magazine of Natural History, are also re-assessed and summarised. A rare document containing the list of R.I.M.S. Investigator stations for the period 1884-1913 is reproduced for the future benefit of the scientific community. 

  12. 诺贝尔经济学奖、计量经济学与现代贝叶斯方法%The Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel the Econometrics and Modern Bayesian Statistics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘乐平; 彭萍; 艾涛

    2004-01-01

    20世纪经济学的发展具有以下的特征:其主流是实证化,与之相关的是经济学的数学化.21世纪刚刚过去四年,诺贝尔经济学奖就两次惠顾"计量经济学"分支学科,这标志着计量经济学时代的正式到来.计量经济学是统计学、经济理论和数学的统一,经济学研究必须运用计量经济学来达到统计上的正确性和合理性.目前以MCMC方法为代表的现代贝叶斯统计学已广泛应用于几乎所有的学科,并取得了显著的成果.以诺贝尔经济学奖得主的学术贡献为线索,简要描述了计量经济学的发展轨迹,总结了现代贝叶斯方法在计量经济学应用领域取得的成绩,并给出相关内容的网上资源.

  13. "Cada ser, em si, carrega o dom de ser capaz de ser feliz" : um estudo de caso baseado em Alfred Adler, Lev Vigotski e González Rey

    OpenAIRE

    Batista, Anelice da Silva

    2011-01-01

    As crianças que apresentam qualquer marca em seu desenvolvimento, seja um defeito físico, ausência sensorial ou, até mesmo comportamento de maior ou menor agitação, com regularidade têm as dificuldades, fato comum no processo de aprender, justificadas pela escola por uma provável incompetência cognitiva. A diversidade ganha realce de diferença e esta fica evidenciada por um diagnóstico que marca o sujeito como menos do que os seus companheiros. É nesse cenário que ouvimos os professores descr...

  14. In situ, navigational, physical and profile data collected by Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research at OceanSITES site FRAM from 0018-03-19 to 2014-08-31 (NCEI Accession 0139307)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — In situ, navigational, physical and profile oceanographic data were collected, including CURRENT SPEED - EAST/WEST COMPONENT (U), CURRENT SPEED - NORTH/SOUTH...

  15. 阿尔弗雷德·阿德勒:促进人类精神发展的里程碑式的心理学家%Alfred Adler--Psychologist Who Promote Humanity Spirit Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周东滨

    2005-01-01

    进步的思想既是人类文化的宝贵财富,又是人类向着光明未来不断前进的内在强大动力.本文运用马克思主义哲学观点,在辩证地批判地分析西方心理学家阿德勒的心理学理论的基础上,通过论述其心理学思想中的进步因素,剖析其不合理的内容,试图为增进人类的健康和幸福提供一点心理学依据.

  16. 挑战自卑——由阿德勒的个体心理学谈自卑感%What Life Should Mean to YOU——A research on inferiority based on Alfred Adler's individual psychology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    左小妮

    2009-01-01

    每个人都有不同程度的自卑感,心理学家阿德勒对自卑感提出了自己创造性的解释.文章依据阿德勒的个体心理学对自卑感的由来、自卑感的作用及生活风格与自卑情结的关系等加以论述.

  17. 从阿德勒的个体心理学谈成人高校学生的教育%On the Education of Adult University Students from the Individual Psychology of Alfred Adler

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    臧娜

    2010-01-01

    阿德勒是20世纪奥地利著名精神病学家,个体心理学的创始人,人本心理学的先驱.个体心理学理论包括自卑感与补偿作用理论、追求优越理论、生活风格理论、社会兴趣理论和创造性自我理论.本文在阐述个体心理学理论的基础上,提出了其对成人高校学生的教育的启示.

  18. ANALYZING THE INTERNET ADDICTION DISEASE FORM THE ANGLE OF INDIVIDUAL PSYCHOLOGY OF ALFRED ADLER%从个体心理学的角度分析网络综合症

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡治

    2002-01-01

    运用个案研究的方法,将阿德勒的个体心理学理论用于分析网络综合症患者的人格与行为特征,发现网络综合症患者存在类自卑情结,他们对网络的依赖是一种畸形的超补偿现象,实质是通过网络来发展自己的优越感.由此提出两种治疗方法,一是鼓励患者在现实生活中发展优越感;二是塑造患者正常的生活格调,帮助其发展和认识社会兴趣.

  19. Denial and Affirmation in Victorian Thought

    Science.gov (United States)

    Euwema, Ben

    1969-01-01

    Discussion of the Victorian outlook on life with emphasis on the works of Browning, Tennyson and George Eliot. The author suggests that these authors attempted to "reconstruct christianity and to find a "firm basis for social progress and personal fulfillment. (Author/AP)

  20. Viewpoint: Transatlantic Scholarship on Victorian Literature and Culture

    OpenAIRE

    Isobel Armstrong

    2009-01-01

    This viewpoint offers a comparison of recent British and American criticism of Victorian literature and culture, encompassing Dickens, Tennyson, the epic and ethical criticism. Discussion centres on recent studies by Sally Ledger, Rosemarie Bodenheimer, Cornelia Pearsall, Kirstie Blair, Simon Dentith, Herbert Tucker, Andrew Miller and Mike Sanders.