Sample records for linton ida freund

  1. IDA's Energy Vision 2050

    Mathiesen, Brian Vad; Lund, Henrik; Hansen, Kenneth

    IDA’s Energy Vision 2050 provides a Smart Energy System strategy for a 100% renewable Denmark in 2050. The vision presented should not be regarded as the only option in 2050 but as one scenario out of several possibilities. With this vision the Danish Society of Engineers, IDA, presents its third...... contribution for an energy strategy for Denmark. The IDA’s Energy Plan 2030 was prepared in 2006 and IDA’s Climate Plan was prepared in 2009. IDA’s Energy Vision 2050 is developed for IDA by representatives from The Society of Engineers and by a group of researchers at Aalborg University. It is based on state......-of-the-art knowledge about how low cost energy systems can be designed while also focusing on long-term resource efficiency. The Energy Vision 2050 has the ambition to focus on all parts of the energy system rather than single technologies, but to have an approach in which all sectors are integrated. While Denmark...

  2. Saksamaa ida kutsub / Thea Karin

    Karin, Thea


    Endise Ida-Saksamaa aladel asuvate linnade Dessau-Rosslau ja Chemnitzi (endine Karl-Marx-Stadti) vaatamisväärsustest, s.h UNESCO kultuuripärandisse kuuluvatest Wörlitz-Dessau parkidest ja Bauhausi kompleksist

  3. An overview of the Upper Carboniferous fossil deposit at Linton, Ohio

    Hook, R.W.; Baird, D.


    The cannel coal that underlies the Upper Freeport coal (Westphalian D, Upper Carboniferous) at Linton in Jefferson County, Ohio, has yielded a remarkable fossil assemblage of at least 10 invertebrate taxa and nearly 40 vertebrate taxa. Spirorbid worms, crustaceans (primarily syncarids and conchostracans), and fishes (coelacanths, haplolepid palaeoniscoids, and xenacanth sharks) are the most abundant fossils in the deposit; small aquatic amphibians (including nectridean, temnospondyl, and aistopod species) are also common. Other arthropod and tetrapod taxa are exceedingly rare and possess obvious adaptations for terrestial existence. The fossiliferous cannel originated as the sapropelic filling of an approximately 15-m-deep abandoned river meander within an alluviated delta plain setting. Remains of animals that lived in and near the freshwater oxbow accumulated in this anaerobic, scavenger-free lake bottom. The assemblage is autochthonous at the scale of the floodplain lake and its margins and represents a lowland biocoenose. Previous paleoecological interpretations of the Linton assemblage and similar Westphalian vertebrate deposits cannot be upheld because they are based largely on paleontological inferences and incorrect paleoenvironmental diagnoses. 34 refs., 3 figs., 3 tabs.

  4. Symposium in Honor of Minoru M. Freund

    Langhoff, Stephanie


    The presentations at this NASA-hosted Symposium in honor of Mino Freund will touch upon the fields, to which his prolific mind has made significant contributions. These include low temperature physics, cosmology, and nanotechnology with its wide-ranging applicability to material science, neuroscience, Earth sciences and satellite technology.  To learn more about Mino’s career you can download the "Tribute" , which outlines his journey from (i) low-temperature physics and superconductivity at the ETH Zürich to (ii) building one remarkable milliKelvin refrigerator for the US-Japan IRTS mission at UC Berkeley and ISAS in Japan to (iii) a decade in cosmology, to (iv) being on the micro-bolometer team at NASA Goddard for the HAWC instrument on SOFIA, to (v) developing at AFRL the nanotechnology portfolio for the entire Air Force.  This was followed by six years at the NASA Ames Research Center, where Mino formulated his far-ahead ideas about swarms of capable nanosats circling the Earth, which have since star...

  5. Interactive Design of Accelerators (IDA)

    Barton, M.Q.


    IDA is a beam transport line calculation program which runs interactively on an IBM PC computer. It can be used for a large fraction of the usual calculations done for beam transport systems or periods of accelerators or storage rings. Because of the interactive screen editor nature of the data input, this program permits one to rather quickly arrive at general properties of a beam line or an accelerator period

  6. Detecting and Teaching Desire: Phallometry, Freund, and Behaviorist Sexology.

    Ha, Nathan


    During the 1960s and 1970s, Kurt Freund and other researchers developed phallometry to demonstrate the effectiveness of behaviorism in the diagnosis and treatment of male homosexuality and pedophilia. Researchers used phallometers to segment different aspects of male arousal, to discern cryptic hierarchies of eroticism, and to monitor the effectiveness of treatments to change an individual's sexuality. Phallometry ended up challenging the expectations of behaviorist researchers by demonstrating that most men could not change their sexual preferences--no matter how hard they tried or how hard others tried to change them. This knowledge, combined with challenges mounted by gay political activists, eventually motivated Freund and other researchers to revise their ideas of what counted as therapy. Phallometric studies ultimately revealed the limitations of efforts to shape "abnormal" and "normal" masculinity and heralded the rise of biologically determinist theories of sexuality.

  7. Galileo photometry of asteroid 243 Ida

    Helfenstein, P.; Veverka, J.; Thomas, P.C.; Simonelli, D.P.; Klaasen, K.; Johnson, T.V.; Fanale, F.; Granahan, J.; McEwen, A.S.; Belton, M.; Chapman, C.


    Galileo imaging observations over phase angles 19.5?? to 109.8?? are combined with near-opposition Earth-based data to derive the photometric properties of Ida. To first order these properties are uniform over the surface and well modeled at ?? = 0.55 ??m by Hapke parameters ????0 = 0.22, h = 0.020, B0 = 1.5, g = -0.33, and ?? = 18?? with corresponding geometric albedo p = 0.21??0.030.01 and Bond albedo AB = 0.081??0.0170.008. Ida's photometric properties are more similar to those of "average S-asteroids" (P. Helfenstein and J. Veverka 1989, Asteroids II, Univ. of Arizona Press, Tucson) than are those of 951 Gaspra. Two primary color units are identified on Ida: Terrain A exhibits a spectrum with relatively shallower 1-??m absorption and a relatively steeper red spectral slope than average Ida, while Terrain B has a deeper 1-??m absorption and a less steep red slope. The average photometric properties of Ida and Terrain A are similar while those of Terrain B differ mostly in having a slightly higher value of ????0 (0.22 versus 0.21), suggesting that Terrain B consists of slightly brighter, more transparent regolith particles. Galileo observations of Ida's satellite Dactyl over phase angles 19.5?? to 47.6?? suggest photometric characteristics similar to those of Ida, the major difference being Dactyl's slightly lower albedo (0.20 compared to 0.21). ?? 1990 Academic Press, Inc.

  8. Ida-Virus õppivad narkokoerad avastasid uimasteid


    Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje 30. juuli lk 4. 21 narkokoera koos koerajuhtidega kõigist politseiprefektuuridest, piirivalvest, maksu- ja tolliametist ning vanglate ametist osalesid IdaVirumaal toimunud koolitusel

  9. Ida-Virumaa areneb kõige kiiremini / Sergei Surnin

    Surnin, Sergei


    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti 11. okt. lk. 32, Postimees : na russkom jazõke : Nedvizhimost 18. okt. lk. 6. Ida-Virumaa kinnisvaraturu ülevaade. Vt. samas: Ida-Viru eramuturg liigub rahulikumas tempos

  10. Usability evaluation of intradermal adapters (IDA).

    Tsals, Izrail


    Intradermal adapter device technology minimizes the complexity of the Mantoux technique, thereby providing predictable, reproducible intradermal (ID) injections and removing the concerns regarding the ease and reliability of Mantoux technique when using conventional needle and syringe. The technology employs a simple device with geometry designed to gently deform the skin surface and the subcutaneous tissue, providing the ideal angle and depth of needle insertion for consistently successful intradermal injections. The results of this development were presented at the First, Second and Third Skin Vaccination Summits in 2011, 2013 and 2015 respectively [1,2,3]. The current publication addresses the performance of intradermal adapters (IDA) evaluated in three preclinical studies. The evaluations were based on the assessment of bleb formation in a skin model, an accepted indicator of ID injection success. All evaluated devices share the same proprietary dermal interface technology. Devices instituting this design are easy to use, require minimal training, and employ conventionally molded parts and cannula. These studies evaluated IDAs of initial design integral with luer lock needles, IDAs for use with conventional syringes, and intradermal adapters for use with auto disable syringes (ADID adapters). The evaluated ID adapters were intended to consistently place the lancet of the needle at a depth of 0.75mm from the skin's surface. This placement depth addresses the variation in the skin thickness at immunization sites for the majority of patients independent of many other variables. Most participants preferred the intradermal adapter method over the traditional Mantoux and identified a need for the adapter at their workplace. Evaluation of IDAs by registered nurses indicated these devices increase success of bleb formation. The use of IDA increased the success of forming blebs by about 30%. Nurses felt the injections were much easier to perform, in particular by

  11. Anti-arthritic activity of Xanthium strumarium L. extract on complete Freund׳s adjuvant induced arthritis in rats.

    Lin, Bing; Zhao, Yong; Han, Ping; Yue, Wei; Ma, Xue-Qin; Rahman, Khalid; Zheng, Cheng-Jian; Qin, Lu-Ping; Han, Ting


    Xanthium strumarium L. fruit (Xanthiu fruit) has been traditionally used as a medicinal herb in China for the treatment of many ailments including rheumatoid arthritis. However, the anti-arthritic activity of Xanthium strumarium fruit has still not been demonstrated. In the present study, we confirmed that the extract of Xanthium strumarium (EXS) prevents rheumatoid arthritis induced by Complete Freund׳s Adjuvant (CFA) in rats. Male Wistar rats (160±10 g) were immunized by intradermal injection of 0.1 mL of CFA into the left hind metatarsal footpad. EXS was administered orally at a dose of 300 and 75 mg/kg once a day after the induction of adjuvant arthritis. Methotrexate (3 mg/kg, twice a week) was used as a positive control. Paw swelling, arthritic score, body weight loss, spleen index, thymus index, serum cytokines, inflammatory mediators and histological change were measured. The chemical profile of EXS was analyzed by HPLC-DAD. We found that the EXS significantly suppressed paw swelling and arthritic score, increased body weight loss and decreased the thymus index. The overproduction of TNF-α and IL-1β were remarkably suppressed in the serum of all EXS-treated rats, and in contrast IL-10 was markedly increased. The level of COX-2 and 5-LOX was also decreased with EXS treatment. Ten phenolic acid derivatives were identified from 14 detected peaks by HPLC-DAD with the reference substances and verified by LC-MS. These results suggest the potential effect of EXS as an anti-arthritis agent towards CFA-induced arthritis in rats. Xanthium strumarium has the potential to be regarded as a candidate for use in general therapeutics and as an immune-modulatory medicine in rheumatoid arthritis. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  12. Rhipidocotyle gibsoni n. sp. from a Brazilian Freshwater Fish and Rhipidocotyle froesi n.sp. for r. baculum (linton, 1905 of Eckmann (1932 (Bucephalidae; Digenea

    Anna Kohn


    Full Text Available Rhipidocotyle gibsoni n.sp. is described from Acestrorhynchus lacustris from Paraná River, brazil. It is most closely related to r. froesi n. sp. and to R. eckmanni in the shape of the cephalic hood, differing in the extent of the uterus, in the position of the vitelline follicles and in that the host is a freshwater fish. Rhipidocotyle froesi n. sp. is proposed for the marine specimens described by Eckmann (1932 as R. baculum (Linton, 1905.

  13. Ida-Virumaa ettevõtete TOP aastal 2002


    Ettevõtete TOP 55. TOP-i esikümme. Käibe TOP 40. Kasumi TOP 40. Käibe kasvu TOP 20. Kasumi kasvu TOP 20. Rentaabluse TOP 20. Omakapitali tootlikkuse TOP 20. Ida-Virumaa firmade üldandmed. Ida-Virumaa firmade finantsandmed

  14. Ida-Virumaa ettevõtete TOP 50


    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti-Severo-Vostok 7. sept. lk. 4. Ida-Virumaa ettevõtete TOP 50; Käibe TOP 35; Kasumi TOP 35; Käibe kasvu TOP 20; Kasumi kasvu TOP 20; Rentaabluse TOP 20; Omakapitali tootlikkuse TOP 20; Ida-Virumaa ettevõtete üld- ja finantsandmed

  15. 99mTc-diethyl-IDA chloescintigraphy

    Kim, J. W.; Oh, K. C.; Bae, B. H.; Kim, Y. S.; Park, B. H.


    For many years, 131 I-rose bengal has been used as the main hepatobiliary radiopharmaceutical. The undesirable physical characteristics of the radioiodine, however, finally prevented its widespread use in clinical medicine. In recent years, a number of hepatobiliary radiopharmaceuticals employing 99m Tc and 123 I as indicator have been introduced. 99m Tc-diethyl-IDA is a most promising one in these agents. Cholescintigraphy, using 99m Tc-diethyl-IDA was performed in 10 normal subjects and 32 patients suffering from various hepatobiliary disturbances, from Sep. -'79 to Aug-' 80, at the department of radiology, Maryknoll Hospital. The following results are obtained: 1. In normal fasting subjects, the liver, GB, CBD, and the proximal portion of small bowel are clearly delineated within 30 min after the injection. After a fatty meal, the radioactivity of the liver and CBD is notably disappeared with increase of the activity in GB and small bowel. 2. A dilatation of the main biliary ducts is a pathognomomic sign of partial mechanical obstructive disorders and a key point of D.Dx from hepatocellular disorders. 3. In cases of complete biliary obstruction, the radioactivity of the liver, CBD, and small bowel is not separated and the background activity is markedly increased. The kidneys are well visualized. 4. In severe hyperbilirubinaemia of above 10mg%, this method is not valuable

  16. Tretjakova, Alavainu ja Johanson tuuritavad Ida-Virumaal


    5. apr. alustavad turneed Ida-Virumaal Ave Alavainu ja Tatjana Tretjakova, et esitleda oma luuleraamatut "2keelsed = 2jazõtshnõje" (Kärdla : A. Alavainu, 2004). Jaak Johanson laulab laule nimetatud autorite tekstidele

  17. President Ilves kohtus Lähis-Ida oluliste poliitikutega


    President Toomas Hendrik Ilves, kes osales Maailma Majandusfoorumi Lähis-Ida piirkondlikul konverentsil, kohtus 15. mail 2009 Jordaania kuninga Abdullah II ja Iraagi asepresidendi Adil Abd Al-Mahdi'ga

  18. Kesk- ja Ida-Euroopa teel euro poole / Lennart Meri

    Meri, Lennart, 1929-2006


    Hypo-Vereinsbank'i konverentsil Münchenis 23. septembril 2004. a. peetud kõne. Eesti vahekord rahaliidu ja euroga, Kesk-Euroopa ja Ida-Euroopa reformiriigid ja nende piirid, Eesti kiire arengu põhjused

  19. Inglased kavatsevad Ida-Virumaale investeerida / Irina Tokareva

    Tokareva, Irina


    Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje, 22. okt. 2004, lk. 4. Suurbritannia saatkonna esimehe aset. William Elliott ning tööstus- ja investeeringute jaoskonna assistent Kai Tomasberg viibisid Ida-Virumaal, kus nad veendusid regiooni soodsates investeerimistingimustes

  20. Laiem Lähis-Ida - vapustavad avaldused / Toomas Alatalu

    Alatalu, Toomas, 1942-


    Mõiste Laiem Lähis-Ida (Wider Middle East) tähendusest. USA asehalduri Iraagis Paul Bremeri ja USA riigisekretäri Colin Powelli avaldustest USA Iraagist lahkumise ja Iisraeli vägivalla kohta Palestiinas

  1. Lähis-Ida demokraatia kevad / Saad Eddin Ibrahim

    Ibrahim, Saad Eddin


    Demokraatia arengust ja demokraatlike parteide olukorrast Lähis-Idas. Autori sõnul ei saa islamistlikke liikumisi maha suruda ainult jõuga, selle asemel tuleks kasutada poliitilisi reforme. Lisa: Vabaduse tugi

  2. Obama rahustab murelikku Ida-Euroopat / Jürgen Tamme

    Tamme, Jürgen


    USA president Barack Obama puudutas kohtumistel Brüsselis, lisaks olukorrale Krimmis, Euroopa energiajulgeoleku ja Euroopa riikide kaitsekulutuste teemadele, ka NATO kohaloleku suurendamist Ida- ja Kesk-Euroopas

  3. Eesti Posti Ida piirkonna keskus tuleb Rakverre / Eda Post

    Post, Eda, 1983-


    Eesti Posti nõukogu kiitis heaks ettepaneku moodustada kulude kokkuhoiuks olemasoleva kaheteistkümne asemel viis regionaalset juhtimisüksust - Põhja, Ida, Lõuna, Edela ja Lääne. Lisa: Postiregioonid

  4. Development and Validation of New Anxiety and Bipolar Symptom Scales for an Expanded Version of the IDAS (The IDAS-II)

    Watson, David; O'Hara, Michael W.; Naragon-Gainey, Kristin; Koffel, Erin; Chmielewski, Michael; Kotov, Roman; Stasik, Sara M.; Ruggero, Camilo J.


    The original Inventory of Depression and Anxiety Symptoms (IDAS) contains 11 nonoverlapping scales assessing specific depression and anxiety symptoms. In creating the expanded version of the IDAS (the IDAS-II), our goal was to create new scales assessing other important aspects of the anxiety disorders as well as key symptoms of bipolar disorder.…

  5. Isotope dilution alpha spectrometry for the determination of plutonium concentration in irradiated fuel dissolver solution : IDAS and R-IDAS

    Ramaniah, M.V.; Jain, H.C.; Aggarwal, S.K.; Chitambar, S.A.; Kavimandan, V.D.; Almaula, A.I.; Shah, P.M.; Parab, A.R.; Sant, V.L.


    The report presents a new technique, Isotope Dilution Alpha Spectrometry (IDAS) and Reverse Isotope Dilution Alpha Spectrometry (R-IDAS) for determining the concentration of plutonium in the irradiated fuel dissolver solution. The method exploits sup(238)Pu in IDAS and sup(239)Pu in R-IDAS as a spike and provides an alternative method to Isotope Dilution Mass Spectrometry (IDMS) which requires enriched sup(242)Pu as a spike. Depending upon the burn-up of the fuel, sup(238)Pu or sup(239)Pu is used as a spike to change the sup(238)Pu/(sup(239)Pu+sup(240)Pu)α activity ratio in the sample by a factor of 10. This change is determined by α-spectrometry on electrodeposited sources using a solid state silicon surface barrier detector coupled to a multichannel analyser. The validity of a simple method based on the geometric progression (G.P.) decrease for the far tail of the spectrum to correct for the tail contribution of sup(238)Pu peak (5.50 MeV) to the low energy sup(239)Pu + sup(240)Pu peak (5.17 MeV) is established. Results for the plutonium concentration on different irradiated fuel dissolver solutions with burn-uo ranging from J,000 to 100,000 MWD/TU are presented and compared with those obtained by IDMS. The values obtained by IDAS or R-IDAS and IDMS agree within 0.5%. (auth.)


    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Galileo Orbiter 60 second sampled trajectory data from the Ida flyby in Ida-centric Solar Ecliptic (ISE) and RTN coordinates. These data cover the interval...

  7. Hansa Ida-Euroopa fond edetabelis teist kuud jutti esimene / Annika Matson

    Matson, Annika, 1976-


    Ajakirja The Wall Street Journal Europe Ida-Euroopa ja Venemaa avatud investeerimisfondide edetabelit juhib teist kuud Hansa Ida-Euroopa Aktsiafond. Tabel: Eesti fond juhib The Wall Street Journali edetabelit

  8. Ida-Virumaa keskkond saab 16,5 miljonit krooni / Külli Kriis

    Kriis, Külli, 1961-


    Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje 16. veebr. lk. 4. Keskkonnainvesteeringute keskuse (KIK) nõukogu otsustas keskkonnaprogrammi esimese vooru projektide rahastamise, mille järgi Ida-Virumaa saab üle 16 miljoni krooni. Tabel: Keskkonnaraha Ida-Virumaale

  9. The GSPC: Newest Franchise in al-Qa'ida's Global Jihad

    Boudali, Lianne K


    ... of support in Europe. The alignment of the GSPC with al Qa ida represents a significant change in the group's strategy, however, its decision to join al Qa ida's global jihad should be understood as an act of desperation...

  10. Further Validation of the IDAS: Evidence of Convergent, Discriminant, Criterion, and Incremental Validity

    Watson, David; O'Hara, Michael W.; Chmielewski, Michael; McDade-Montez, Elizabeth A.; Koffel, Erin; Naragon, Kristin; Stuart, Scott


    The authors explicated the validity of the Inventory of Depression and Anxiety Symptoms (IDAS; D. Watson et al., 2007) in 2 samples (306 college students and 605 psychiatric patients). The IDAS scales showed strong convergent validity in relation to parallel interview-based scores on the Clinician Rating version of the IDAS; the mean convergent…

  11. Ida and Dactyl: Spectral Reflectance and Color Variations

    Veverka, J.; Helfenstein, P.; Lee, P.; Thomas, P.; McEwen, A.; Belton, M.; Klaasen, K.; Johnson, T. V.; Granahan, J.; Fanale, F.; Geissler, P.; Head, J. W., III


    Galileo SSI color data between 0.4 and 1.0 μm demonstrate that both Ida and Dactyl are S-type asteroids with similar, but distinct spectra. Small but definite color variations are also observed on Ida itself and involve both the blue part of the spectrum and the depth of the 1-μm pyroxene-olivine band. Ida's surface can be classified into two color terrains: Terrain A has a shallower 1-μm absorption and a steeper visible red slope than does Terrain B. Qualitatively, the color-albedo systematics of these two terrains follow those noted for color units on Gaspra and the variations in 1-μm band depth with weathering described by Gaffeyet al.(Gaffey, M. J., J. F. Bell, R. H. Brown, T. H. Burbine, J. Piatek, K. L. Reed, and D. A. Chaky 1993.Icarus106, 573-602). Terrain A, with its slightly lower albedo, its shallower 1-μm band, and its slightly steeper visible red slope relative to Terrain B could be interpreted as the “more processed,” “more mature,” or the “more weathered” of the two terrains. Consistent with this interpretation is that Terrain A appears to be the ubiquitous background on most of Ida, while Terrain B is correlated with some small craters as well as with possible ejecta from the 10-km Azzurra impact structure. Because of these trends, it is less likely that differences between Terrains A and B are caused by an original compositional inhomogeneity within the body of Ida, although they do fall within the range known to occur within the Koronis family. The spectrum of Dactyl is similar to, but definitely different from, that of Terrain B on Ida. It does not conform to the pattern that obtains between the colors and albedos of Terrains A and B: the satellite's 1-μm band is deeper than that of Terrain B, but its albedo is lower, rather than higher. By itself, the deeper band depth could be interpreted, following Gaffeyet al., to mean that Dactyl is a less weathered version of Terrain B on Ida, but such an interpretation is at odds with

  12. Enterogastric reflux detection with technetium-99m IDA

    Garcia, A.; Pavia, J.; Loomena, F.; Abello, R.; Herranz, R.; Setoain, J.


    A Tc-99m IDA scan was performed in a patient with severe alkaline esophagitis subsequent to a Billroth I gastroenterostomy. The scan showed enterogastric reflux simultaneously with gastroesophageal reflux of bile. The study was recorded in a computer and the reflux quantitated

  13. Prantsusmaa silub Ida-Euroopga suhteid / Riina Luik

    Luik, Riina, 1962-


    Prantsusmaa peaminister Jean-Pierre Raffarin kohtus Pariisis Ida-Euroopa ajakirjanikega ja rääkis EL-i riikide suhetest ja majanduskoostööst. Vt. samas: Andres Kasekamp. Näpuga viibutamise aeg on möödas. Lisa: Jean-Pierre Raffarin (55)

  14. Avatud ja suletud Ida-Euroopa / Anu Allas

    Allas, Anu, 1977-


    Näitus "Me näeme teid. Foksali galerii tegevus 1966-1989" Kumu Kunstimuuseumis 20. septembrini. Kuraator Karolina Łabowicz-Dymanus. Kujundaja Jaanus Samma. Lääne ja endise Ida-bloki riikide kunst on eksponeeritud kõrvuti

  15. People in Ida-Virumaa : between two cultures / Ene Must

    Must, Ene


    Peamistest probleemidest Ida-Virumaal, Sillamäel ja Narvas. Kohalike elanike seas läbi viidud Eesti sotsioloogide, Eesti integratsioonifondi ja Saar Polli uuringufirma uurimusest, kus uuriti nende sidemeid naaberriikidega, majanduslikku olukorda ning nende võimalikku elukoha muutust seoses majandusliku olukorraga Eestis ja liitumisega EL-iga. Kokkuvõtted uuringu tulemustest. Diagrammid

  16. Ida-Euroopa postkommunistliku kunsti näitus tulemas


    Stockholmi uues Moderna Museeti hoones avab kuraatorite kollektiiv 16. okt. 1999 näituse "After the Wall", mis analüüsib Berliini müüri langemise järgset kunstiolukorda ja kultuurimuutusi Ida-Euroopas. Näitusele on valitud eestlastest Inessa Josing, Kai Kaljo, Liina Siib, Jaan Toomik

  17. Metsik ida rahulikus läänes / Annika Koppel

    Koppel, Annika


    6.-13. aprillini Saksamaal Wiesbadenis toimunud filmifestivalist "goEast", kus näidati filme Ida- ja Kesk-Euroopast. Festivali peaauhinna sai Andrei Balabanovi film "Katlakütja" (Venemaa), parima režissööri auhinna sai Marian Crisan filmiga "Homme"

  18. A review of the genus Antorchis Linton, 1911 (Trematoda: Faustulidae) from Indo-Pacific fishes with the description of a new species.

    Cribb, Thomas H; Bray, Rodney A; Hall, Kathryn A; Cutmore, Scott C


    Species of the faustulid genus Antorchis Linton, 1911 of the tropical Indo-West Pacific are reviewed. We recognise five species in the region, including a novel form. Antorchis nasonis n. sp. is described from Naso annulatus (Quoy & Gaimard) and N. tonganus (Valenciennes) on the southern Great Barrier Reef (GBR). We interpret specimens reported from Naso hexacanthus (Bleeker) from Japan as the same species. This species appears to be the only faustulid known from acanthurid fishes and differs from all other species in the genus in having the prominent dorsal genital invagination close to the posterior end of the body. In addition, new host and locality records are reported for two described species of Antorchis, A. pomacanthi (Hafeezullah & Siddiqi, 1970) and A. tsushimaensis (Machida, 1971). The wide distribution of A. pomacanthi was further demonstrated by the generation of identical ITS2 rDNA sequences for specimens from Ningaloo Reef off Western Australia, off Lizard and Heron Islands (GBR) and off New Caledonia, localities separated by up to 5,300 km. The host-specificity of the genus is considered.

  19. Wedderburn and the theory of labour law: building on Kahn-Freund

    Dukes, Ruth


    This paper aims to assess the nature and significance of Lord Wedderburn’s contribution to the elaboration of a theory of labour law. Noting the extent to which Wedderburn was influenced, in this respect as in others, by the work of Otto Kahn-Freund, it focuses on the question of whether Wedderburn ever developed a theory of labour law that was clearly distinguishable from Kahn-Freund’s. Were there significant differences in the two scholars’ expositions of abstentionism, or collective laisse...

  20. Freund's vaccine adjuvant promotes Her2/Neu breast cancer

    Cotroneo, Michelle S; Haag, Jill D; Stapel, Nicholas R; Waller, Jordy L; Woditschka, Stephan; Gould, Michael N


    Inflammation has been linked to the etiology of many organ-specific cancers. Indirect evidence suggests a possible role for inflammation in breast cancer. We investigated whether the systemic inflammation induced by Freund's adjuvant (FA) promotes mammary carcinogenesis in a rat model in which cancer is induced by the neu oncogene. The effects of FA on hyperplastic mammary lesions and mammary carcinomas were determined in a neu-induced rat model. The inflammatory response to FA treatment was gauged by measuring acute phase serum haptoglobin. In addition, changes in cell proliferation and apoptosis following FA treatment were assessed. Rats receiving FA developed twice the number of mammary carcinomas as controls. Systemic inflammation following FA treatment is chronic, as shown by a doubling of the levels of the serum biomarker, haptoglobin, 15 days following initial treatment. We also show that this systemic inflammation is associated with the increased growth of hyperplastic mammary lesions. This increased growth results from a higher rate of cellular proliferation in the absence of changes in apoptosis. Our data suggests that systemic inflammation induced by Freund's adjuvant (FA) promotes mammary carcinogenesis. It will be important to determine whether adjuvants currently used in human vaccines also promote breast cancer

  1. Erosion and Ejecta Reaccretion on 243 Ida and Its Moon

    Geissler, Paul; Petit, Jean-Marc; Durda, Daniel D.; Greenberg, Richard; Bottke, William; Nolan, Michael; Moore, Jeffrey


    Galileo images of Asteroid 243 Ida and its satellite Dactyl show surfaces which are dominantly shaped by impact cratering. A number of observations suggest that ejecta from hypervelocity impacts on Ida can be distributed far and wide across the Ida system, following trajectories substantially affected by the low gravity, nonspherical shape, and rapid rotation of the asteroid. We explore the processes of reaccretion and escape of ejecta on Ida and Dactyl using three-dimensional numerical simulations which allow us to compare the theoretical effects of orbital dynamics with observations of surface morphology. The effects of rotation, launch location, and initial launch speed are first examined for the case of an ideal triaxial ellipsoid with Ida's approximate shape and density. Ejecta launched at low speeds (V≪Vesc) reimpact near the source craters, forming well-defined ejecta blankets which are asymmetric in morphology between leading and trailing rotational surfaces. The net effect of cratering at low ejecta launch velocities is to produce a thick regolith which is evenly distributed across the surface of the asteroid. In contrast, no clearly defined ejecta blankets are formed when ejecta is launched at higher initial velocities (V∼Vesc). Most of the ejecta escapes, while that which is retained is preferentially derived from the rotational trailing surfaces. These particles spend a significant time in temporary orbit around the asteroid, in comparison to the asteroid's rotation period, and tend to be swept up onto rotational leading surfaces upon reimpact. The net effect of impact cratering with high ejecta launch velocities is to produce a thinner and less uniform soil cover, with concentrations on the asteroids' rotational leading surfaces. Using a realistic model for the shape of Ida (P. Thomas, J. Veverka, B. Carcich, M. J. S. Belton, R. Sullivan, and M. Davies 1996,Icarus120, 000-000), we find that an extensive color/albedo unit which dominates the

  2. Clinical comparison of diisopropyl-IDA Tc 99m and diethyl-IDA Tc 99m for evaluation of the hepatobiliary system

    Klingensmith, W.C.; Fritzberg, A.R.; Spitzer, V.M.; Kuni, C.C.; Shanahan, W.S.


    Thirty-one patients with a wide range of hepatobiliary function and clinical diagnoses were studied with both diisopropyl-IDA Tc 99m and diethyl-IDA Tc 99m. Images were similar except for an increased liver-to-kidney ratio with diisopropyl-IDA Tc 99m (p less than 0.01) and a tendency toward an increased liver-to-background ratio at five minutes with diisopropyl-IDA Tc 99m (p greater than 0.05). Quantification of the relative hepatocyte extraction efficiency indicated a 16% higher extraction efficiency for diisopropyl-IDA Tc 99m (p greater than 0.05). Cumulative three-hour urine collections following injection demonstrated no significant difference in renal excretion in patients with normal total serum bilirubin levels. Both radiopharmaceuticals demonstrated increasing renal excretion with increasing total serum bilirubin levels; however, renal excretion of diisopropyl-IDA Tc 99m increased more slowly than excretion of diethyl-IDA Tc 99m (p less than 0.01). We conclude that, while the overall differences between these two radiopharmaceuticals are small, diisopropyl-IDA Tc 99m is superior because of a lower renal excretion rate in patients with decreased hepatocyte function

  3. Ida-Euroopa kunsti meganäitus Stockholmis


    Stockholmi Moodsa Kunsti Muuseumis 16. X 1999-16. I 2000 Kesk- ja Ida-Euroopa kunsti näitus 'After the Wall'. Kuraatorid David Elliott, Bojana Pejic, Iris Müller-Westermann. Eestist osalevad Inessa Josing, Kai Kaljo, Liina Siib, Jaan Toomik. Näituse kataloogis on Jaan Kaplinski ja Heie Treieri artiklid, kataloogile tegid koostööd Johannes Saar, Raoul Kurvitz

  4. IDA Publications on Irregular Warfare: A Bibliography 2000 - Fall 2008


    reconstruction effort. D-3550 Non-standard publication UNCLASSIFIED No URL No DTIC accession no. 2008 Memetics – Overview and Baseline Models This report...documents key notions and ideas that collectively com- prise what is known as meme theory or memetics – an emerging area of research for potential...and the dynamics of bio- logical systems as a platform for developing mathematical modes in memetics . D-3599 IDA CRP UNCLASSIFIED Approved for

  5. Comparative quantitative evaluation of hepatic clearance of diethyl-IDA and para-butyl-IDA in jaundiced and non-jaundiced patients

    Tarolo, G.L.; Picozzi, R.; Palagi, B.; Cammelli, F.; Ospedale di Saronno


    A method for comparative measurement of hepatic clearance of different hepatobiliary agents is described and the clinical use of diethyl-IDA and parabutyl-IDA is discussed. The study was performed with both radiopharmaceuticals in 13 patients with hepatobiliary disease with serum bilirubin ranging from 0.3 to 16.4 mg/100 ml. Diethyl-IDA is preferable for a qualitative evaluation of hepatobiliary disease because of its higher hepatic clearance and faster biliary excretion rate. Parabutyl-IDA is superior for measuring the hepatocytic uptake function, due to the low urinary excretion and the absence of an apparent re-entry from liver to plasma, even in patients with obstructive jaundice. In contrast, an appreciable re-entry can be demonstrated for diethyl-IDA. (orig.)

  6. Substoichiometric IDA in determination of zinc present in some spices (Paper No. RA-14)

    Vaidya, M M; Ray, M N


    Results of separation and determination of zinc present in four spices, viz. Coriander, King's cumin, Fennel and Fenugreek seeds by IDA are presented. It is observed that zinc could be estimated by substoichiometric extraction as dithiozonate followed by IDA, in spices. The substoichiometric extraction results at lower concentrations of zinc also, but better results are obtained by increasing the concentration of zinc. The substoichiometric IDA agrees fairly with the conventional chemical analysis.

  7. Experimental inflammation following dural application of complete Freund's adjuvant or inflammatory soup does not alter brain and trigeminal microvascular passage

    Lundblad, Cornelia; Haanes, Kristian A; Grände, Gustaf


    , following dural application of complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) or inflammatory soup (IS) on brain and trigeminal microvascular passage. METHODS: In order to address this issue, we induced local inflammation in male Sprague-Dawley-rats dura mater by the addition of CFA or IS directly on the dural surface...

  8. Dural administration of inflammatory soup or Complete Freund's Adjuvant induces activation and inflammatory response in the rat trigeminal ganglion

    Lukács, M; Haanes, K A; Majláth, Zs


    induces inflammatory activation in the trigeminal ganglion. METHODS: We performed topical administration of inflammatory soup (IS) or Complete Freund's Adjuvant (CFA) onto an exposed area of the rat dura mater in vivo for 20 min. The window was closed and the rats were sacrificed after 4 h and up to 7...

  9. Eri riikide noored üritavad lahendada Ida-Viru probleeme / Ishtvan Ban

    Ban, Ishtvan


    Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje, 8. aug., lk. 3. Kohtla-Nõmmel programmi 'Euroopa Noored' toetusel toimunud rahvusvahelisest noorte kohtumisest, kus arutati Ida-Virumaa keskkonna ja turismi probleeme

  10. Revision of IRIS/IDA Seismic Station Metadata

    Xu, W.; Davis, P.; Auerbach, D.; Klimczak, E.


    Trustworthy data quality assurance has always been one of the goals of seismic network operators and data management centers. This task is considerably complex and evolving due to the huge quantities as well as the rapidly changing characteristics and complexities of seismic data. Published metadata usually reflect instrument response characteristics and their accuracies, which includes zero frequency sensitivity for both seismometer and data logger as well as other, frequency-dependent elements. In this work, we are mainly focused studying the variation of the seismometer sensitivity with time of IRIS/IDA seismic recording systems with a goal to improve the metadata accuracy for the history of the network. There are several ways to measure the accuracy of seismometer sensitivity for the seismic stations in service. An effective practice recently developed is to collocate a reference seismometer in proximity to verify the in-situ sensors' calibration. For those stations with a secondary broadband seismometer, IRIS' MUSTANG metric computation system introduced a transfer function metric to reflect two sensors' gain ratios in the microseism frequency band. In addition, a simulation approach based on M2 tidal measurements has been proposed and proven to be effective. In this work, we compare and analyze the results from three different methods, and concluded that the collocated-sensor method is most stable and reliable with the minimum uncertainties all the time. However, for epochs without both the collocated sensor and secondary seismometer, we rely on the analysis results from tide method. For the data since 1992 on IDA stations, we computed over 600 revised seismometer sensitivities for all the IRIS/IDA network calibration epochs. Hopefully further revision procedures will help to guarantee that the data is accurately reflected by the metadata of these stations.

  11. Serum protein-binding ability of sup(99m)Tc-diethyl IDA and sup(99m)Tc-para-butyl IDA studied by electrophoresis and precipitation experiments

    Sawas-Dimopoulou, C.; Simitzis, G.; Papanicolaou, N.


    The aim of the study was to separate and to identify by electrophoresis the proteins which are able to bind 99mTc-diethyl IDA and 99mTc-p-butyl IDA when these radiopharmaceuticals are incubated in vitro with human serum. The determinations were completed by precipitation experiments. Electrophoresis showed that both radiopharmaceuticals have negative charge and move to the anode like organic anions. And it is known that organic anions can interact with cationic groups on the albumin. Moreover, it is generally accepted that the extent to which a drug is bound to a particular protein depends on the concentration of the drug. Consequently, the logical hypothesis that binding of each radiopharmaceutical to the various serum proteins could be easier demonstrated on autoradiographies and electrophoregrams by high concentrations of 99mTc-diethyl IDA and 99mTc-parabutyl IDA in the incubation medium was put to trial

  12. Noortest, tööst ja Ida-Virumaast / Aldis Alus

    Alus, Aldis, 1967-


    Sisekaitseakadeemia politsei- ja piirivalvekolledži lõpetanu Julia Vesjolkina lõputööst: "Sisekaitseakadeemia lõpetanud kadettide valmisolek asuda tööle Ida-Virumaale" (2012); juhendaja Piret Teppan. Politsei- ja Piirivalveameti Ida prefekti selgitused prefektuuri personalipoliitika kohta

  13. Kes kardab Lähis-Ida raha? / Emily Thornton, Stanley Reed

    Thornton, Emily


    Lähis-Ida riikide investeerimisfondide tegevusest. Mehed, kes haldavad selle piirkonna riiklikke investeerimisfonde, muudavad Pärsia lahe naftamiljarditega maailma rahanduse palet. Lisa: Hea on olla emiir. Kuuele Lähis-Ida emiraadile kuulub umbes pool kogu maailma riiklike investeerimisfondide varadest

  14. Ida and Ardi: The Fossil Cover Girls of 2009

    Kjærgaard, Peter C.


    -million-year-old Ida was promoted as the Eighth Wonder of the World, a Rosetta Stone of palaeontology, the Holy Grail of human evolution. Her 4.4-million-year-old contender was advanced as the Real Thing and won the title as scientific breakthrough of the year. One was supposedly “our earliest ancestor......By the autumn of 2009, contestants for the ultimate prize in the Greatest Show on Earth had narrowed down to two: from Germany, a flat, squirrel-sized lemur-looking creature in artificial resin and glass fibers; and from Ethiopia, a partial, small-brained hominin skeleton. Both had been locked away...... for years, guarded by their sentinels from the curious eyes of the public and from competitors supposedly lurking everywhere. On center stage were Darwinius massilae and Ardipithecus ramidus, or, as they were soon known to palaeontology geeks and breakfast television hosts alike, Ida and Ardi. The 47...

  15. IDA NOMEX: examination of emergency protective measures in Switzerland


    This comprehensive report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) presents the results of work carried out by the Swiss Interdepartmental Working Group on Emergency Protective Measures for Extreme Incidents IDA NOMEX after the nuclear incident in Fukushima, Japan. The first three chapters deal with the initial situation after the incidents in Fukushima. The mandate issued by the Swiss Federal Government to IDA NOMEX and its implementation are discussed. Topics covered include data on the personnel and materials required to deal with nuclear incidents, details with reference to the Swiss Radiation Protection Ordinance, tasks of the various state agencies along with the interfaces between them, lessons learned from the nuclear accident in Fukushima, current deficits in the various organisations and measures to be taken as well as a master plan and its implementation. The testing of the various reference scenarios proposed is discussed and various measures, such as evacuation concepts and the distribution of iodine tablets, are looked at in detail. The international situation is examined and co-operation within Europe and also with international bodies is looked at. Finally the required resources are discussed and further work to be done is looked at. Appendices complete the report

  16. IDAS-RR: an incident data base system for research reactors

    Matsumoto, Kiyoshi; Kohsaka, Atsuo; Kaminaga, Masanori; Murayama, Youji; Ohnishi, Nobuaki; Maniwa, Masaki.


    An Incident Data Base System for Research Reactors, IDAS-RR, has been developed. IDAS-RR has information about abnormal incidents (failures, transients, accidents, etc.) of research reactors in the world. Data reference, input, editing and other functions of IDAS-RR are menu driven. The routine processing and data base management functions are performed by the system software and hardware. PC-9801 equipment was selected as the hardware because of its portability and popularity. IDAS-RR provides effective reference information for the following activities. 1) Analysis of abnormal incident of research reactors, 2) Detail analysis of research reactor behavior in the abnormal incident for building the knowledge base of the reactor emergency diagnostic system for research reactor, 3) Planning counter-measure for emergency situation in the research reactor. This report is a user's manual of IDAS-RR. (author)

  17. Antibody production in rabbits administered Freund's complete adjuvant and carprofen concurrently.

    Fishback, Joanna E; Stronsky, Sabrina M; Green, Catherine A; Bean, Krystal D; Froude, Jeffrey W


    Freund's complete adjuvant (FCA) is a commonly used immunopotentiator that can boost polyclonal antibody production in animal models such as rabbits, but FCA is also known to cause inflammation and pain. It is important to balance the welfare of animals with the goal of efficiently producing antibodies, but little is known about how common treatments for pain and inflammation, such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), affect the production of polyclonal antibodies. The purpose of this study was to measure polyclonal antibody production in rabbits that were administered FCA either with or without a concurrent treatment of a NSAID, carprofen. Rabbits were divided into two groups and were administered identical treatments of an antigen with adjuvant, and the treatment group also received carprofen injections at different stages of the study. Carprofen treatment did not significantly affect polyclonal antibody production, which suggests that carprofen and other NSAIDs can be used alongside FCA in rabbits to achieve desired levels of antibody production while minimizing pain and distress associated with the use of FCA.

  18. Antioxidant Effect of Spirulina (Arthrospira) maxima on Chronic Inflammation Induced by Freund's Complete Adjuvant in Rats.

    Gutiérrez-Rebolledo, Gabriel Alfonso; Galar-Martínez, Marcela; García-Rodríguez, Rosa Virginia; Chamorro-Cevallos, Germán A; Hernández-Reyes, Ana Gabriela; Martínez-Galero, Elizdath


    One of the major mechanisms in the pathogenesis of chronic inflammation is the excessive production of reactive oxygen and reactive nitrogen species, and therefore, oxidative stress. Spirulina (Arthrospira) maxima has marked antioxidant activity in vivo and in vitro, as well as anti-inflammatory activity in certain experimental models, the latter activity being mediated probably by the antioxidant activity of this cyanobacterium. In the present study, chronic inflammation was induced through injection of Freund's complete adjuvant (CFA) in rats treated daily with Spirulina (Arthrospira) maxima for 2 weeks beginning on day 14. Joint diameter, body temperature, and motor capacity were assessed each week. On days 0 and 28, total and differential leukocyte counts and serum oxidative damage were determined, the latter by assessing lipid peroxidation and protein carbonyl content. At the end of the study, oxidative damage to joints was likewise evaluated. Results show that S. maxima favors increased mobility, as well as body temperature regulation, and a number of circulating leukocytes, lymphocytes, and monocytes in specimens with CFA-induced chronic inflammation and also protects against oxidative damage in joint tissue as well as serum. In conclusion, the protection afforded by S. maxima against development of chronic inflammation is due to its antioxidant activity.

  19. Di case, lingue e finestre: Ida Kaminska, attrice yiddish

    Giulia Randone


    Full Text Available This paper aims to explore the artistic biography of Ida Kaminska – the leading figure of the Yiddish theatre in Poland in the 20th century – proposing a new metaphor for the theatrical experience of the Ashkenazi Jews and a different use of the audio-visual sources. First, I will explain why we can look at the Yiddish theatre as a house (heym with a lot of windows, then I will examine Kaminska’s performance in three different films – On a heym (Without a Home, 1939, Obchod na korze (The Shop on Main Street, 1965 and The Angel Levine (1970 – through this peculiar metaphor. Even if they are not recordings of the theatrical performance, these documents could help us to understand some of the features of Kaminska’s art (i.e., the focus on identity, otherness and Yiddish language and how they changed after the Holocaust.

  20. The clinical pharmacology of technetium diethyl-IDA

    Tjen, H.S.L.M.


    In this presentation the performance of the cholescintigraphic study is evaluated from a patho-physiological point of view. With this approach studies of bilirubin metabolism may also provide important information about the mechanisms whereby other organic compounds are transported, metabolized and excreted by the liver cells. The results indicate that diethyl-IDA is a hepatobiliary agent with excellent biological properties. The behaviour of the reagent in normal and pathological individuals can be correlated to bilirubin metabolism. The performance of the cholescintigraphic study is less dependent on the serum bilirubin level in contrast to routinely used radiologic examinations. The level of alkaline phosphatase and serum transaminases is of no influence to the performance of the examination. Combining serial scintigraphy with time-activity curves and functional images from the computer provides additional information so that a differentiation between parenchymal liver disease and bile duct obstruction can be made. (Auth.)

  1. Pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic modeling of diclofenac in normal and Freund's complete adjuvant-induced arthritic rats

    Zhang, Jing; Li, Pei; Guo, Hai-fang; Liu, Li; Liu, Xiao-dong


    Aim: To characterize pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic modeling of diclofenac in Freund's complete adjuvant (FCA)-induced arthritic rats using prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) as a biomarker. Methods: The pharmacokinetics of diclofenac was investigated using 20-day-old arthritic rats. PGE2 level in the rats was measured using an enzyme immunoassay. A pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic (PK-PD) model was developed to illustrate the relationship between the plasma concentration of diclofenac and the inhibition of PGE2 production. The inhibition of diclofenac on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced PGE2 production in blood cells was investigated in vitro. Results: Similar pharmacokinetic behavior of diclofenac was found both in normal and FCA-induced arthritic rats. Diclofenac significantly decreased the plasma levels of PGE2 in both normal and arthritic rats. The inhibitory effect on PGE2 levels in the plasma was in proportion to the plasma concentration of diclofenac. No delay in the onset of inhibition was observed, suggesting that the effect compartment was located in the central compartment. An inhibitory effect sigmoid Imax model was selected to characterize the relationship between the plasma concentration of diclofenac and the inhibition of PGE2 production in vivo. The Imax model was also used to illustrate the inhibition of diclofenac on LPS-induced PGE2 production in blood cells in vitro. Conclusion: Arthritis induced by FCA does not alter the pharmacokinetic behaviors of diclofenac in rats, but the pharmacodynamics of diclofenac is slightly affected. A PK-PD model characterizing an inhibitory effect sigmoid Imax can be used to fit the relationship between the plasma PGE2 and diclofenac levels in both normal rats and FCA-induced arthritic rats. PMID:22842736

  2. Pulmonary gallium uptake in rats with granulomatosis induced by complete Freund adjuvant

    Stanislas-Leguern, G.; Masse, R.; Jaubert, F.; Chretien, J.; Huchon, G.


    To investigate the mechanism of gallium-67 uptake in lung granulomatosis, we studied 13 rats in which lung granulomatosis was induced by injection of complete Freund adjuvant (CFA) and 14 controls. Gallium uptake was assessed in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and lavaged lung. The cells responsible for gallium uptake were identified by latent image activation autoradiography. Gallium activity in both lavaged lungs and bronchoalveolar cells (BAC) was higher in CFA-treated animals than in controls [172,205 +/- 134,783 DPM versus 44,456 +/- 14,486 DPM +/- SD (p less than 0.05) and 40,083 +/- 16,350 DPM versus 9100 +/- 4114 DPM (p less than 0.05), respectively]. In control rats, about two-thirds of total lung gallium was located in the interstitium, whereas in CFA-treated rats it was found in the mononuclear cells of lung granulomas. Gallium tracks were more numerous in the alveolar macrophages (AM) of CFA-treated rats than in control AM (28.4 +/- 10.0/field versus 8.4 +/- 3.8/field, p less than 0.001) but the number of tracks was proportional to the number of AM (52.4 +/- 18.7 versus 12.2 +/- 4.3, respectively; p less than 0.001). It is concluded that in rats with CFA-induced lung granulomatosis 1) pulmonary gallium uptake increases, 2) mononuclear cells are responsible for this uptake in both granulomas and AM, and 3) the increased uptake is due to the increased number of mononuclear cells

  3. Evaluation of IDA-80 data by the DoD method

    Beyrich, W.; Golly, W.


    The measurement data of 28 interlaboratory analysis performed under the IDA-80 programme are evaluated by the DoD (Distribution of Differences) method with respect to the RSDs of the interlaboratory spreads and the within-laboratory uncertainty components. The resulting estimates are compared to those obtained by variance analysis after application of outlier criteria in the official IDA-80 evaluation. Deviations found in case of the within-laboratory uncertainty components ('run' component of the IDA-80 evaluation) are discussed. (orig./HP) [de

  4. Saksakeelne kultuuripärand Ida-Euroopas ja selle digiteerimine / Aija Sakova-Merivee

    Sakova-Merivee, Aija, 1980-


    Ülevaade 27.–28. aprillini 2015 Saksamaal Regensburgis toimunud rahvusvahelisest seminarist „Saksakeelse kultuuripärandi digiteerimine Ida-Euroopas” (Digitizing German-language cultural heritage from Eastern Europe)

  5. The GSPC: Newest Franchise in al-Qa'ida's Global Jihad

    Boudali, Lianne K


    .... Some observers have speculated that North Africa may be the next safe haven for al Qa ida, and that European countries may face a greater risk of attack if Algerian terrorist groups expand their base...

  6. Uus Lähis-Ida / Robert Malley ; tõlk. Märt Väljataga

    Malley, Robert


    Lähis-Ida konfliktist ja selle võimalikust edasisest arengust. Sisepoliitilisest olukorrast Palestiinas pärast äärmusrühmituse Hamas valimisvõitu 2006. aasta jaanuaris. Islamiliikumisest Hezbollah

  7. A tale of oblivion: Ida Noddack and the ‘universal abundance’ of matter

    Santos, Gildo Magalhães


    Ida Noddack was a German chemist who in 1925, with her husband Walter Noddack, discovered element 75 (rhenium) and possibly element 43 (technetium). She is also known to have anticipated, by nine years, the possibility of nuclear fission. This article focuses on Ida's hypothesis that all elements are present in any mineral. Ida related the relative abundance of the elements in the Universe to hypothetical properties of the atomic nuclei. This allowed her to speculate about a different Periodic Table in which isotopes might be the cause of unexpected features of periodicity. Ida Noddack faced many professional obstacles because of her scientific nonconformity and gender, the resentment of physicists against intrusion in their field, and the overall difficulty of research under and after the Nazi regime.

  8. Ida-Virumaa kunstnike kevadnäitus on kunstimuuseumi filiaalis viimane / Sofja Bauer

    Bauer, Sofia, 1947-2001


    Aleksander Igonini korraldatud Ida-Virumaa kunstnike kevadnäitusest Kunstimuuseumi Jõhvi filiaalis, kus 20 kunstnikku olid esitanud 60 tööd, seekordsel näitusel ei osalenud Narva ja Sillamäe kunstnikud

  9. Lõunaeestlased turgutavad Ida-Virus oma vene keelt / Sirle Sommer Kalda

    Sommer-Kalda, Sirle, 1974-


    Euroopa Sotsiaalfondist rahastatava programmi "Keeleõppe arendamine 2007-2010" raames toimunud tööjõuvahetusest, mille käigus kevadel Ida-Virumaa linnade ametnikud ja allasutuste töötajad asusid ajutiselt tööle Lõuna- ja Lääne-Eestis, et parandada oma eesti keele oskust ja lõunaeestlaste vastukülaskäigust Ida-Virumaale vene keele oskuste parandamiseks

  10. Motion of the moonlet in the binary system 243 Ida

    Lan, L.; Ni, Y.; Jiang, Y.; Li, J.


    The motion of the moonlet Dactyl in the binary system 243 Ida is investigated in this paper. First, periodic orbits in the vicinity of the primary are calculated, including the orbits around the equilibrium points and large-scale orbits. The Floquet multipliers' topological cases of periodic orbits are calculated to study the orbits' stabilities. During the continuation of the retrograde near-circular orbits near the equatorial plane, two period-doubling bifurcations and one Neimark-Sacker bifurcation occur one by one, leading to two stable regions and two unstable regions. Bifurcations occur at the boundaries of these regions. Periodic orbits in the stable regions are all stable, but in the unstable regions are all unstable. Moreover, many quasi-periodic orbits exist near the equatorial plane. Long-term integration indicates that a particle in a quasi-periodic orbit runs in a space like a tire. Quasi-periodic orbits in different regions have different styles of motion indicated by the Poincare sections. There is the possibility that moonlet Dactyl is in a quasi-periodic orbit near the stable region I, which is enlightening for the stability of the binary system.

  11. [IPA secretary and patron--Freud's patient, financial administrator and friend. Anton von Freund's letters to Sigmund Freud (1916-1919)].

    Huppke, Andrea; Schröter, Michael


    Although the letters, of which numerous and lengthy excerpts are presented in this paper, have repeatedly been used by scholars, they have so far remained unpublished. There are 45 items, written between 4. 1. 1916 and 13. 7. 1919. They indicate a passionate transference to Freud, unfolding against the background of two Hungarian revolutions. After suffering a relapse of his cancer, v. Freund had several stretches of analysis with Freud. While he was better, he established two major funds: one of them allowing the foundation of the psychoanalytic publishing house, the other destined to sponsor a psychoanalytic clinic in Budapest. V. Freund helped organize the Budapest IPA congress, became a member of the "secret committee" and started to actively conduct analyses. Freud was very attached to him and felt deeply shaken by the inexorable progression of v. Freund's disease and then death in January 1920.

  12. Three Dimensional Spherical Display Systems and McIDAS: Tools for Science, Education and Outreach

    Kohrs, R.; Mooney, M. E.


    The Space Science and Engineering Center (SSEC) and Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies (CIMSS) at the University of Wisconsin are now using a 3D spherical display system and their Man computer Data Access System (McIDAS)-X and McIDAS-V as outreach tools to demonstrate how scientists and forecasters utilize satellite imagery to monitor weather and climate. Our outreach program displays orbits and data coverage of geostationary and polar satellites and demonstrates how each is beneficial for the remote sensing of Earth. Global composites of visible, infrared and water vapor images illustrate how satellite instruments collect data from different bands of the electromagnetic spectrum to monitor global weather patterns 24 hours a day. Captivating animations on spherical display systems are proving to be much more intuitive than traditional 2D displays, enabling audiences to view satellites orbiting above real-time weather systems circulating the entire globe. Complimenting the 3D spherical display system are the UNIX-based McIDAS-X and Java-based McIDAS-V software packages. McIDAS is used to composite the real-time global satellite data and create other weather related derived products. Client and server techniques used by these software packages provide the opportunity to continually update the real-time content on our globe. The enhanced functionality of McIDAS-V extends our outreach program by allowing in-depth interactive 4-dimensional views of the imagery previously viewed on the 3D spherical display system. An important goal of our outreach program is the promotion of remote sensing research and technology at SSEC and CIMSS. The 3D spherical display system has quickly become a popular tool to convey societal benefits of these endeavors. Audiences of all ages instinctively relate to recent weather events which keeps them engaged in spherical display presentations. McIDAS facilitates further exploration of the science behind the weather

  13. IDAS, software support for mathematical models and map-based graphics

    Birnbaum, M.D.; Wecker, D.B.


    IDAS (Intermediate Dose Assessment System) was developed for the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission as a hardware/software host for radiological models and display of map-based plume graphics at the Operations Center (HQ), regional incident response centers, and site emergency facilities. IDAS design goals acknowledged the likelihood of future changes in the suite of models and the composition of map features for analysis and graphical display. IDAS provides a generalized software support environment to programmers and users of modeling programs. A database manager process provides multi-user access control to all input and output data for modeling programs. A programmer-created data description file (schema) specifies data field names, data types, legal and recommended ranges, default values, preferred units of measurement, and ''help'' text. Subroutine calls to IDAS from a model program invoke a consistent user interface which can show any of the schema contents, convert units of measurement, and route data to multiple logical devices, including the database. A stand-alone data editor allows the user to read and write model data records without execution of a model. IDAS stores digitized map features in a 4-level naming hierarchy. A user can select the map icon, color, and whether to show a stored name tag, for each map feature. The user also selects image scale (zoom) within limits set by map digitization. The resulting image combines static map information, computed analytic modeling results, and the user's feature selections for display to decision-makers

  14. Effect of phenobarbital on 99mTc-IDA scintigraphy in the evaluation of neonatal jaundice

    Majd, M.; Reba, R.C.; Altman, R.P.


    Hepatobiliary scintigraphy with 99mTc-IDA derivatives was used to evaluate 40 neonates with mixed jaundice. Fourteen patients proved to have biliary atresia. The remaining 26 patients had intrahepatic cholestasis with patent extrahepatic ducts. Sixteen of the 40 patients underwent examinations without phenobarbital stimulation. Sixteen patients had two examinations, one before and one after 3-7 days of phenobarbital therapy. The remaining 8 patients had their initial examinations after phenobarbital therapy. The results of this study show that administration of phenobarbital in a dose of 5 mg/kg/day for at least 5 days prior to the examination enhances and accelerates biliary excretion of IDA compounds and thereby significantly increases the accuracy of 99mTc-IDA scintigraphy in differentiating extrahepatic biliary atresia from neonatal hepatitis. Its routine use in the evaluation of neonatal jaundice is therefore highly recommended

  15. Models of Inflammation: Carrageenan- or Complete Freund's Adjuvant (CFA)-Induced Edema and Hypersensitivity in the Rat.

    McCarson, Kenneth E


    Animal models of inflammation are used to assess the production of inflammatory mediators at sites of inflammation, the processing of pain sensation at CNS sites, the anti-inflammatory properties of agents such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and the efficacy of putative analgesic compounds in reversing cutaneous hypersensitivity. Detailed in this unit are methods to elicit and measure carrageenan- and complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA)-induced cutaneous inflammation. Due to possible differences between the dorsal root sensory system and the trigeminal sensory system, injections into either the footpad or vibrissal pad are described. In this manner, cutaneous inflammation can be assessed in tissue innervated by the lumbar dorsal root ganglion neurons (footpad) or by the trigeminal ganglion neurons (vibrissal pad). Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

  16. Synergistic activity of curcumin with methotrexate in ameliorating Freund's Complete Adjuvant induced arthritis with reduced hepatotoxicity in experimental animals.

    Banji, David; Pinnapureddy, Jyothi; Banji, Otilia J F; Saidulu, A; Hayath, Md Sikinder


    Methotrexate is employed in low doses for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. One of the major drawbacks with methotrexate is hepatotoxicity resulting in poor compliance of therapy. Curcumin is an extensively used spice possessing both anti-arthritic and hepatoprotective potential. The present study was aimed at investigating the effect of curcumin (30 and 100 mg/kg) in combination with subtherapeutic dose of methotrexate (1 mg/kg) is salvaging hepatotoxicity, oxidative stress and producing synergistic anti-arthritic action with methotrexate. Wistar albino rats were induced with arthritis by subplantar injection of Freund's Complete Adjuvant and pronounced arthritis was seen after 9 days of injection. Groups of animals were treated with subtherapeutic dose of methotrexate followed half an hour later with 30 and 100mg/kg of curcumin from day 9 up to days 45 by intraperitoneal route. Methotrexate treatment in Freund's Complete Adjuvant induced arthritic animals produced elevation in the levels of aminotransferases, alkaline phosphatase, total and direct bilirubin. Enhanced oxidative stress in terms of measured lipid peroxides was observed in the methotrexate treated group. Curcumin significantly circumvented hepatotoxicity induced by methotrexate as evidenced by a change in biochemical markers possibly due to its strong anti-oxidant action. Hepatoprotective potential of curcumin was also confirmed from histological evaluation. Sub-therapeutic dose of methotrexate elicited substantial anti-arthritic action when used in combination with curcumin implying that the latter potentiated its action. Concomitant administration of curcumin with methotrexate was also found to minimize liver damage. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  17. Keskerakond võitis Ida-Virus valimised mäekõrguselt / Erik Kalda, Erik Gamzejev

    Kalda, Erik, 1969-


    Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje, 6. märts 2007, lk. 1,3-4. Ida-Virumaalt pääses Riigikokku neli inimest Kesk- ja kaks Reformierakonnast. Lisa: Hääletamistulemused Ida-Virumaa valimisringkonnas. Vt. samas: Põrujad tunnistavad lüüasaamist

  18. Ida-Virumaale sisserändamise põhjused pärast Teist maailmasõda / Olaf Mertelsmann

    Mertelsmann, Olaf, 1969-


    Sisserändest Ida-Virumaale sõjajärgsel perioodil, umbes aastani 1955. Sisserännet Ida-Virumaale nendel aastatel tingisid sõja mõju, tööjõu puudus, geograafiline asend, põlevkivitööstuse arendamine

  19. Idas, a Novel Phylogenetically Conserved Geminin-related Protein, Binds to Geminin and Is Required for Cell Cycle Progression*

    Pefani, Dafni-Eleutheria; Dimaki, Maria; Spella, Magda; Karantzelis, Nickolas; Mitsiki, Eirini; Kyrousi, Christina; Symeonidou, Ioanna-Eleni; Perrakis, Anastassis; Taraviras, Stavros; Lygerou, Zoi


    Development and homeostasis of multicellular organisms relies on an intricate balance between cell proliferation and differentiation. Geminin regulates the cell cycle by directly binding and inhibiting the DNA replication licensing factor Cdt1. Geminin also interacts with transcriptional regulators of differentiation and chromatin remodelling factors, and its balanced interactions are implicated in proliferation-differentiation decisions during development. Here, we describe Idas (Idas being a cousin of the Gemini in Ancient Greek Mythology), a previously uncharacterised coiled-coil protein related to Geminin. We show that human Idas localizes to the nucleus, forms a complex with Geminin both in cells and in vitro through coiled-coil mediated interactions, and can change Geminin subcellular localization. Idas does not associate with Cdt1 and prevents Geminin from binding to Cdt1 in vitro. Idas depletion from cells affects cell cycle progression; cells accumulate in S phase and are unable to efficiently progress to mitosis. Idas protein levels decrease in anaphase, whereas its overexpression causes mitotic defects. During development, we show that Idas exhibits high level expression in the choroid plexus and the cortical hem of the mouse telencephalon. Our data highlight Idas as a novel Geminin binding partner, implicated in cell cycle progression, and a putative regulator of proliferation-differentiation decisions during development. PMID:21543332

  20. Age differences in IDA savings outcomes: findings from the American Dream Demonstration.

    Putnam, Michelle; Sherraden, Michael; Zhang, Lin; Morrow-Howell, Nancy


    This study aims to develop a greater understanding of age differences in savings outcomes within Individual Development Accounts (IDAs). Participant data from the American Dream Demonstration (ADD) are examined for age differences in accumulated net deposits, average monthly net deposits, and deposit frequency. ADDprogram data are examined for savings match rates, monthly savings targets, direct deposit, and hours of financial education offered. Results indicate that, on average, older IDA participants have better savings outcomes than younger participants. Findings from this study suggest that impoverished middleaged and older adults can save if provided an opportunity and incentives. However, success will depend on the characteristics of the programs.

  1. The pharmacokinetics of Tcsup(99m)-diethyl IDA in hyperferremic mice

    Sawas-Dimopoulou, C.; Soulpi, C.; Toubanakis, N.


    Previously, portal zone fibrosis was observed with deposition of iron in the periportal liver cells and to a lesser extent in the Kupffer cells. Surprisingly, biochemical tests show little disturbance except for a positive BSP test. That would suggest a peculiar sensitivity to iron overload of the important bile excretory pathway including organic anions such as BSP, conjugated bilirubin, dyes and IDA derivatives. The purpose of the present study is to investigate the effect of hyperferremia on the pharmacokinetics of Tcsup(99m)-diethyl IDA. (Auth.)

  2. Solving the pre-marshalling problem to optimality with A* and IDA*

    Tierney, Kevin; Pacino, Dario; Voß, Stefan


    We present a novel solution approach to the container pre-marshalling problem using the A* and IDA* algorithms combined with several novel branching and symmetry breaking rules that significantly increases the number of pre-marshalling instances that can be solved to optimality. A* and IDA......* are graph search algorithms that use heuristics combined with a complete graph search to find optimal solutions to problems. The container pre-marshalling problem is a key problem for container terminals seeking to reduce delays of inter-modal container transports. The goal of the container pre...

  3. "Rändur udumere kohal" ehk Ida-Viru maastikke otsides = Travellers above the mist - in search for the landscapes of Ida-Virumaa / Henn Runnel, Rait Parts

    Runnel, Henn, 1983-


    Ida-Virumaa maastikest. Tööstusalade rekultiveerimisest ja taaskasutusprojektidest (põlevkivi hariduskeskus, Kiviõli seikluspark, Aidu sõudekanal jm.). Emscheri maastikupargist Saksamaal. Autorite sõnul võiks olemasolevate tööstusmaastike jätkuv kasutus ja nende hilisem rekultiveerimine käia piirkonna hilisemat potensiaali arvestavalt ja kujundavalt. Kaevanduste planeerimisel võiksid osaleda maastikuarhitektid

  4. Ida-Euroopa ja soorollid Austrias näitusel / Kati Ilves

    Ilves, Kati, 1984-


    Näitus "Soorollid - naiselikkus ja mehelikkus Ida-Euroopa kunstis" ("Gender Check. Feminity and Masculinity in Eastern European Art") Austria moodsa kunsti muuseumis 14. veebruarini 2010. Ekspositsioon algab 1960. aastatega. Kuraator Bojana Pejic. Eestit esindab 11 kunstnikku-rühmitust. Eesti valikust

  5. Res Publica Ida-Viru piirkond valis uue juhatuse / Erik Gamzejev

    Gamzejev, Erik, 1967-


    Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje 4. dets. lk. 1. Res Publica Ida-Viru piirkonna üldkogul valiti uus juhatus, Vladimir Sarantsevi sõnul oli koosolek enamiku Kohtla-Järve osakonna liikmete arvates õigustühine. Res Publica peasekretäri Tõnis Konsi kommentaare

  6. Tööõnnetuste arv Ida-Virus väheneb / Erika Prave

    Prave, Erika, 1970-


    Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje, 7. dets. 2004, lk. 3. Tööinspektsiooni viimase üheksa aasta statistikast järeldub, et tööõnnetuste arv on Ida-Virumaal aastatega vähenenud peaaegu poole võrra

  7. Ameerika diplomaat käis Ida-Virus suursaadiku visiiti ette valmistamas / Argo Soolep

    Soolep, Argo, 1972-


    Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje, 24. sept. 2004, lk. 3. Ameerika saatkonna esimene sekretär poliitika ja majanduse küsimuses Stuart A. Dweyer saabus Ida-Virumaale kahepäevasele visiidile. Saatkonna eesmärgiks on külastada kõiki Eesti linnu

  8. Kolme ekspeaministri talk-show Ida-Viru ärieliidi ees / Erik Gamzejev

    Gamzejev, Erik, 1967-


    Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje : Subbota 16. veebr., lk. 1. Majandusminister Juhan Parts, IRL esimees ja parlamendiliige Mart Laar ja Sillamäe sadama ning Silmeti suuraktsionär Tiit Vähi kohtusid Ida-Virumaa suurettevõtete juhtidega. Lisa: Mart Laar; Tiit Vähi; Juhan Parts

  9. Use of TC 99-IDA in the differential diagnosis of bile ducts atresia in the newborn

    Sosky, R.A.; Arias Coehl, S.; Jara York, J.; Calabro, M.A.


    Two newborn with jaundice, acholia, coluria, elevated bilirubinemia and alchaline fosfatase were studied at the Nuclear Medicine Unit at the IICS with Tc 99-IDA. Differential diagnosis between bile ducts atresia and neonatal hepatitis can be done with this method. This technique is reliable, low radiation dose to patient and no adverse reaction occurs with this radiopharmaceutical

  10. Lähis-Ida sõjalised luulud / Jeffrey D. Sachs ; tõlk. Krister Paris

    Sachs, Jeffrey D.


    Käsitledes Lähis-Ida konflikti, ütleb autor, et suur osa iisraellastest ja palestiinlastest näeb konflikti lahendust kahe riigi loomises, kuid probleem on lahenduseni jõudmises. Veerand kummaltki poolt soovib aga täielikku võitu teise üle. USA rollist

  11. Reversible adsorption of catalase onto Fe(3+) chelated poly(AAm-GMA)-IDA cryogels.

    Aktaş Uygun, Deniz; Uygun, Murat; Akgöl, Sinan; Denizli, Adil


    In this presented study, poly(acrylamide-glycidyl methacrylate) [poly(AAm-GMA)] cryogels were synthesized by cryopolymerization technique at sub-zero temperature. Prepared cryogels were then functionalized with iminodiacetic acid (IDA) and chelated with Fe(3+) ions in order produce the metal chelate affinity matrix. Synthesized cryogels were characterized with FTIR, ESEM and EDX analysis, and it was found that the cryogel had sponge like structure with interconnected pores and their pore diameter was about 200 μm. Fe(3+) chelated poly(AAm-GMA)-IDA cryogels were used for the adsorption of catalase and optimum adsorption conditions were determined by varying the medium pH, initial catalase concentration, temperature and ionic strength. Maximum catalase adsorption onto Fe(3+) chelated poly(AAm-GMA)-IDA cryogel was found to be 12.99 mg/g cryogel at 25 °C, by using pH 5.0 acetate buffer. Adsorbed catalase was removed from the cryogel by using 1.0M of NaCl solution and desorption yield was found to be 96%. Additionally, reusability profile of the Fe(3+) chelated poly(AAm-GMA)-IDA cryogel was also investigated and it was found that, adsorption capacity of the cryogels didn't decrease significantly at the end of the 40 reuses. Catalase activity studies were also tested and it was demonstrated that desorbed catalase retained 70% of its initial activity. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  12. Vene keele trump on Ida-Viru valimisvõitluses rolli kaotamas / Tuuli Koch

    Koch, Tuuli


    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke 22. veebr. lk. 4. Vaatluse all on Lääne-Virumaa ja Ida-Virumaa kandidaadid parlamendivalimistel. Lisa: Ringkond nr. 6; Ringkond nr. 7. Vt samas: Spiiker ja endine miss hääli püüdmas

  13. EKL osales AIAP/IAA Ida- ja Lääne-Euroopa komitee taasasutamiskonverentsil / Jaan Elken

    Elken, Jaan, 1954-


    21.-23. IX toimus Bratislavas AIAP/IAA (Association Internationale des Arts Plastiques - AIAP UNESCO) Euroopa komitee taasasutamiskonverents. Ida-Euroopa komitee juhatuse presidendiks valiti Mehmet Gyleryuz, Lääne-Euroopa komitee presidendiks Werner Schaub. Euroopa IAA kongress toimub Heidelbergis mais 2002 (kaasneval portreenäitusel esindavad Eestit Mall Nukke, Maria-Kristiina Ulas), maailmakongress Ateenas septembris 2002.

  14. Gender Check - veel kord soolisusest Ida-Euroopa kunstis / Mare Tralla

    Tralla, Mare, 1967-


    Novembris 2010 Viinis toimunud konverentsist, kus analüüsiti näituse "Gender Check. Feminiinsus ja maskuliinsus Ida-Euroopa kunstis" kogemust ning sellele eelnenud ja järgnenud uurimistöö tulemusi. Esitleti artiklite kogumikku "Gender check: a reader : art and theory in Eastern Europe". "Gender Checki" projekti edasisest saatusest ja mõjust

  15. IDA Gamma-Ray Laser Annual Summary Report (1990): Investigation of the Feasibility of Developing A Laser Using Nuclear Transitions


    Broadening in the Theory of Superradiant Emission," Acta Physica Polonica , Vol. A39, 1971, pp. 633-638. 8. B. Balko, I.W. Kay, and J. Neuberger, IDA...Cuopy 1 3 of 60 copies AD-A259 475 IDA PAPER P-2533 IDA GAMMA-RAY LASER ANNUAL SUMMARY REPORT (1990) Investigation of the Feasibility of Developing a ...embody results of major projects which ( a ) have a direct bearing on decisions affecting major programs, (b) address issues of significant concern to

  16. Production, purification and immunogenicity of recombinant Ebola virus proteins - A comparison of Freund's adjuvant and adjuvant system 03.

    Melén, Krister; Kakkola, Laura; He, Felix; Airenne, Kari; Vapalahti, Olli; Karlberg, Helen; Mirazimi, Ali; Julkunen, Ilkka


    There is an urgent need for Ebola virus (EBOV) proteins, EBOV-specific antibodies and recombinant antigens to be used in diagnostics and as potential vaccine candidates. Our objective was to produce and purify recombinant proteins for immunological assays and for the production of polyclonal EBOV specific antibodies. In addition, a limited comparison of the adjuvant effects of Freund's complete adjuvant (FCA) and adjuvant system 03 (AS03) was carried out. Recombinant EBOV GST-VP24, -VP30, -VP35, -VP40 and -NP were produced in E. coli and purified with affinity chromatography followed by preparative gel electrophoresis. Recombinant EBOV GP-His was produced in Sf9 insect cells and purified by preparative gel electrophoresis. To compare the adjuvant effect of FCA and AS03, 12 rabbits were immunized four times with one of the six recombinant EBOV proteins using FCA or AS03. In addition, three guinea pigs were immunized with EBOV VP24 using FCA. With the exception of sera from two rabbits immunized with GST-VP24, the antisera against all other EBOV proteins showed very high and specific antibody responses after three to four immunizations. The adjuvant effect of AS03 was comparable to that of FCA. The produced antibodies recognized the corresponding EBOV proteins in wild type EBOV-infected cells. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  17. Induction of the 'ASIA' syndrome in NZB/NZWF1 mice after injection of complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA).

    Bassi, N; Luisetto, R; Del Prete, D; Ghirardello, A; Ceol, M; Rizzo, S; Iaccarino, L; Gatto, M; Valente, M L; Punzi, L; Doria, A


    Adjuvants, commonly used in vaccines, may be responsible for inducing autoimmunity and autoimmune diseases, both in humans and mice. The so-called 'ASIA' (Autoimmune/inflammatory Syndrome Induced by Adjuvants) syndrome has been recently described, which is caused by the exposure to a component reproducing the effect of adjuvants. The aim of our study was to evaluate the effect of injection of complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) in NZB/NZWF1 mice, a lupus-prone murine model. We injected 10 NZB/NZWF1 mice with CFA/PBS and 10 with PBS, three times, 3 weeks apart, and followed-up until natural death. CFA-injected mice developed both anti-double-stranded DNA and proteinuria earlier and at higher levels than the control group. Proteinuria-free survival rate and survival rate were significantly lower in CFA-treated mice than in the control mice (p = 0.002 and p = 0.001, respectively). Histological analyses showed a more severe glomerulonephritis in CFA-injected mice compared with the control mice. In addition, lymphoid hyperplasia in spleen and lungs, myocarditis, and vasculitis were observed in the former, but not in the latter group. In conclusion, the injection of CFA in NZB/NZWF1 mice accelerated autoimmune manifestations resembling 'ASIA' syndrome in humans.

  18. Electroacupuncture Confers Antinociceptive Effects via Inhibition of Glutamate Transporter Downregulation in Complete Freund's Adjuvant-Injected Rats

    Ha-Neui Kim


    Full Text Available When we evaluated changes of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP and two glutamate transporter (GTs by immunohistochemistry, expression of GFAP showed a significant increase in complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA-injected rats; however, this expression was strongly inhibited by electroacupuncture (EA stimulation. Robust downregulation of glutamate-aspartate transporter (GLAST and glutamate transporter-1 (GLT-1 was observed in CFA-injected rats; however, EA stimulation resulted in recovery of this expression. Double-labeling staining showed co-localization of a large proportion of GLAST or GLT-1 with GFAP. Using Western blot, we confirmed protein expression of two GTs, but no differences in the mRNA content of these GTs were observed. Because EA treatment resulted in strong inhibition of CFA-induced proteasome activities, we examined the question of whether thermal sensitivities and GTs expression could be regulated by proteasome inhibitor MG132. CFA-injected rats co-treated with EA and MG132 showed a significantly longer thermal sensitivity, compared with CFA-injected rats with or without MG132. Both EA and MG132 blocked CFA-induced GLAST and GLT-1 downregulation within the spinal cord. These results provide evidence for involvement of GLAST and GLT-1 in response to activation of spinal astrocytes in an EA antinociceptive effect. Antinociceptive effect of EA may be induced via proteasome-mediated regulation of spinal GTs.

  19. Effect of lipoarabinomannan from Mycobacterium avium subsp avium in Freund's incomplete adjuvant on the immune response of cattle.

    Colavecchia, S B; Jolly, A; Fernández, B; Fontanals, A M; Fernández, E; Mundo, S L


    The aim of the present study was to determine whether lipoarabinomannan (LAM), in combination with Freund's incomplete adjuvant (FIA), was able to improve cell-mediated and antibody-mediated immune responses against ovalbumin (OVA) in cattle. Twenty-three calves were assigned to four treatment groups, which were subcutaneously immunized with either OVA plus FIA, OVA plus FIA and LAM from Mycobacterium avium subsp avium, FIA plus LAM, or FIA alone. Lymphoproliferation, IFN-γ production and cell subpopulations on peripheral blood mononuclear cells before and 15 days after treatment were evaluated. Delayed hypersensitivity was evaluated on day 57. Specific humoral immune response was measured by ELISA. Inoculation with LAM induced higher levels of lymphoproliferation and IFN-γ production in response to ConA and OVA (P < 0.05). Specific antibody titers were similar in both OVA-immunized groups. Interestingly, our results showed that the use of LAM in vaccine preparations improved specific cell immune response evaluated by lymphoproliferation and IFN-γ production by at least 50 and 25%, respectively, in cattle without interfering with tuberculosis and paratuberculosis diagnosis.

  20. Curcumin potentiates the anti-arthritic effect of prednisolone in Freund's complete adjuvant-induced arthritic rats.

    Kuncha, Madhusudana; Naidu, Vegi Ganga Modi; Sahu, Bidya Dhar; Gadepalli, Shankar Ganesh; Sistla, Ramakrishna


    The present study was aimed at investigating the effect of curcumin in combination with prednisolone for the effective treatment of arthritis with reduced side effects when glucocorticoids therapy is indicated. Arthritis was induced in wistar rats by subplantar injection of Freund's complete adjuvant, and animals were observed for the symptoms of arthritis during the period of 21 days. Combined treatment of curcumin with various doses of prednisolone (1.25, 2.5 and 5 mg/kg) was evaluated in order to ascertain the efficacy and toxicity induced by steroid. Arthritic animals showed significant increase in tumour necrosis factor-α and IL-1β levels in paw tissue and IL-1β in serum. Combined therapy of curcumin with low doses of prednisolone showed pronounced beneficial effect on joint swelling, leucocyte count and biochemical parameters compared with prednisolone groups. Among the different doses used in the study, prednisolone at 1.25 mg/kg in combination with curcumin showed beneficial anti-arthritic activity and also reduced the steroid toxicity. This is evidenced by increase in body weight, low toxicity to immune organs, reduction in leucocyte count, increase in spleen anti-oxidant enzymes and potent inhibition of cytokines in combination group. Therefore, combined treatment of curcumin with low doses of prednisolone may find therapeutic use in arthritis. © 2013 Royal Pharmaceutical Society.

  1. Experimental autoimmune glomerulonephritis induced by anti-glomerular basement membrane antibody. II. Effects of injecting heterologous, homologous, or autologous glomerular basement membranes and complete Freund's adjuvant into sheep.

    Steblay, R. W.; Rudofsky, U. H.


    The effects of injecting human, rabbit, rat, or single-kidney homologous glomerular basement membrane (GBM) or autologous GBM, each in complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA), into 15- to 18-month-old sheep are compared. All sheep receiving heterologous GBM and 3 of 6 sheep receiving homologous GBM had anti-GBM nephritis, but such sheep did not bind autoantibodies or have Goodpasturelike lesions in their lungs. Sheep given injections of human GBM had autoantibodies to antigenic determinants shared b...

  2. Tuberculosis-like lesions arising from the use of Freund's complete adjuvant in an owl monkey (Aotus sp)

    Malaga, Carlos A.; Weller, Richard E.; Broderson, J R.; Gozalo, Alfonso S.


    An apparently normal, non-tuberculin-reacting, splenectomized owl monkey presented tuberculosis-like lesions of the lung at necropsy. Histological and bacteriological examination failed to demonstrate the presence of acid-fast organisms. Retrospective inquiry showed the animal had been inoculated using complete Freund's Adjuvant during a malaria vaccine trial. Lesions observed were compatible with lipid embolism of the adjuvant in the lungs.

  3. Ocean-atmosphere dynamics during Hurricane Ida and Nor'Ida: An application of the coupled ocean-;atmosphere–wave–sediment transport (COAWST) modeling system

    Olabarrieta, Maitane; Warner, John C.; Armstrong, Brandy N.; Zambon, Joseph B.; He, Ruoying


    The coupled ocean–atmosphere–wave–sediment transport (COAWST) modeling system was used to investigate atmosphere–ocean–wave interactions in November 2009 during Hurricane Ida and its subsequent evolution to Nor'Ida, which was one of the most costly storm systems of the past two decades. One interesting aspect of this event is that it included two unique atmospheric extreme conditions, a hurricane and a nor'easter storm, which developed in regions with different oceanographic characteristics. Our modeled results were compared with several data sources, including GOES satellite infrared data, JASON-1 and JASON-2 altimeter data, CODAR measurements, and wave and tidal information from the National Data Buoy Center (NDBC) and the National Tidal Database. By performing a series of numerical runs, we were able to isolate the effect of the interaction terms between the atmosphere (modeled with Weather Research and Forecasting, the WRF model), the ocean (modeled with Regional Ocean Modeling System (ROMS)), and the wave propagation and generation model (modeled with Simulating Waves Nearshore (SWAN)). Special attention was given to the role of the ocean surface roughness. Three different ocean roughness closure models were analyzed: DGHQ (which is based on wave age), TY2001 (which is based on wave steepness), and OOST (which considers both the effects of wave age and steepness). Including the ocean roughness in the atmospheric module improved the wind intensity estimation and therefore also the wind waves, surface currents, and storm surge amplitude. For example, during the passage of Hurricane Ida through the Gulf of Mexico, the wind speeds were reduced due to wave-induced ocean roughness, resulting in better agreement with the measured winds. During Nor'Ida, including the wave-induced surface roughness changed the form and dimension of the main low pressure cell, affecting the intensity and direction of the winds. The combined wave age- and wave steepness

  4. Ocean-atmosphere dynamics during Hurricane Ida and Nor'Ida: An application of the coupled ocean-atmosphere-wave-sediment transport (COAWST) modeling system

    Olabarrieta, Maitane; Warner, John C.; Armstrong, Brandy N.; Zambon, Joseph B.; He, Ruoying


    The coupled ocean–atmosphere–wave–sediment transport (COAWST) modeling system was used to investigate atmosphere–ocean–wave interactions in November 2009 during Hurricane Ida and its subsequent evolution to Nor’Ida, which was one of the most costly storm systems of the past two decades. One interesting aspect of this event is that it included two unique atmospheric extreme conditions, a hurricane and a nor’easter storm, which developed in regions with different oceanographic characteristics. Our modeled results were compared with several data sources, including GOES satellite infrared data, JASON-1 and JASON-2 altimeter data, CODAR measurements, and wave and tidal information from the National Data Buoy Center (NDBC) and the National Tidal Database. By performing a series of numerical runs, we were able to isolate the effect of the interaction terms between the atmosphere (modeled with Weather Research and Forecasting, the WRF model), the ocean (modeled with Regional Ocean Modeling System (ROMS)), and the wave propagation and generation model (modeled with Simulating Waves Nearshore (SWAN)). Special attention was given to the role of the ocean surface roughness. Three different ocean roughness closure models were analyzed: DGHQ (which is based on wave age), TY2001 (which is based on wave steepness), and OOST (which considers both the effects of wave age and steepness). Including the ocean roughness in the atmospheric module improved the wind intensity estimation and therefore also the wind waves, surface currents, and storm surge amplitude. For example, during the passage of Hurricane Ida through the Gulf of Mexico, the wind speeds were reduced due to wave-induced ocean roughness, resulting in better agreement with the measured winds. During Nor’Ida, including the wave-induced surface roughness changed the form and dimension of the main low pressure cell, affecting the intensity and direction of the winds. The combined wave age- and wave steepness

  5. The National Water-Quality Assessment Program Invertebrate Data Analysis System (IDAS) Software: Version 3 (User's Manual)

    Cuffney, Thomas F


    ... as part of the National Water-Quality Assessment Program and stored in the Biological Transactional Database (Bio-TDB). The IDAS software is a stand-alone program for personal computers that run Microsoft...

  6. Eestile väljamakstud ELi toetused ületavad Kesk- ja Ida-Euroopa keskmist / Triin Värav

    Värav, Triin


    KPMG Ungari kontori poolt läbiviidud uuringu kokkuvõte "EU Funds in Central and Eastern Europe - Progress report 2007-10" annab ülevaate Kesk- ja Ida-Euroopa rahastamisvahenditest aastateks 2007-2013

  7. Using McIDAS-V data analysis and visualization software as an educational tool for understanding the atmosphere

    Achtor, T. H.; Rink, T.


    The University of Wisconsin’s Space Science and Engineering Center (SSEC) has been at the forefront in developing data analysis and visualization tools for environmental satellites and other geophysical data. The fifth generation of the Man-computer Interactive Data Access System (McIDAS-V) is Java-based, open-source, freely available software that operates on Linux, Macintosh and Windows systems. The software tools provide powerful new data manipulation and visualization capabilities that work with geophysical data in research, operational and educational environments. McIDAS-V provides unique capabilities to support innovative techniques for evaluating research results, teaching and training. McIDAS-V is based on three powerful software elements. VisAD is a Java library for building interactive, collaborative, 4 dimensional visualization and analysis tools. The Integrated Data Viewer (IDV) is a reference application based on the VisAD system and developed by the Unidata program that demonstrates the flexibility that is needed in this evolving environment, using a modern, object-oriented software design approach. The third tool, HYDRA, allows users to build, display and interrogate multi and hyperspectral environmental satellite data in powerful ways. The McIDAS-V software is being used for training and education in several settings. The McIDAS User Group provides training workshops at its annual meeting. Numerous online tutorials with training data sets have been developed to aid users in learning simple and more complex operations in McIDAS-V, all are available online. In a University of Wisconsin-Madison undergraduate course in Radar and Satellite Meteorology, McIDAS-V is used to create and deliver laboratory exercises using case study and real time data. At the high school level, McIDAS-V is used in several exercises in our annual Summer Workshop in Earth and Atmospheric Sciences to provide young scientists the opportunity to examine data with friendly and

  8. IDA and the Technical Cooperation Program Real-Time Systems and Ada Workshop, 21-23 June 1988


    IDA Memorandum Report M-540, IDA and the Technical Cooperation Program Real - Time Systems and Ada Workshop, 21-23 June 1988, documents the results of... time systems , (2) identify and clarify known Ada real-time issues, (3) identify near-term and long-term solutions, and (4) provide assessment and...Technology (ODUSD R&AT). Funding was provided by the STARS Joint Program Office. The objectives were to (1) define requirements for using Ada in real

  9. Imaging of irradiated liver with Tc-99m-sulfur colloid and Tc-99m-IDA

    Gelfand, M.J.; Saha, S.; Aron, B.S.


    In three cases, irradiated regions of liver failed to concentrate Tc-99m-sulfur colloid. In two of these three, imaging with Tc-99m-acetanilide iminodiacetic acid (IDA) agents within five days showed near normal hepatic uptake of this hepatobiliary imaging agent. The hepatic parenchymal cells may be imaged with Tc-99m-IDA in some irradiated regions of liver, despite loss of reticuloendothelial cell function

  10. /sup 99m/Tc-IDA imaging in the differential diagnosis of acute cholecystitis and acute pancreatitis

    Fonseca, C.; Greenberg, D.; Rosenthall, L.; Arzoumanian, A.; Lisbona, R.


    Technetium-/sup 99m/-labelled dimethly-acetanilide-iminodiacetic acid (/sup 99m/Tc-IDA) hepato-biliary imaging was evaluated for its efficacy in distinguishing acute cholecystitis from acute pancreatitis. In a retrospective review, gallbladders were demonstrated by /sup 99m/Tc-IDA in 13 of 15 patients (87%) with acute pancreatitis. This is significantly higher than reports on the frequency of gallbladder filling with oral and intravenous cholangiography in the presence of acute cholecystitis

  11. IDA NOMEX: examination of emergency protective measures in Switzerland; Ueberpruefung der Notfallschutzmassnahmen in der Schweiz. Bericht der interdepartementalen Arbeitsgruppe IDA NOMEX



    This comprehensive report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) presents the results of work carried out by the Swiss Interdepartmental Working Group on Emergency Protective Measures for Extreme Incidents IDA NOMEX after the nuclear incident in Fukushima, Japan. The first three chapters deal with the initial situation after the incidents in Fukushima. The mandate issued by the Swiss Federal Government to IDA NOMEX and its implementation are discussed. Topics covered include data on the personnel and materials required to deal with nuclear incidents, details with reference to the Swiss Radiation Protection Ordinance, tasks of the various state agencies along with the interfaces between them, lessons learned from the nuclear accident in Fukushima, current deficits in the various organisations and measures to be taken as well as a master plan and its implementation. The testing of the various reference scenarios proposed is discussed and various measures, such as evacuation concepts and the distribution of iodine tablets, are looked at in detail. The international situation is examined and co-operation within Europe and also with international bodies is looked at. Finally the required resources are discussed and further work to be done is looked at. Appendices complete the report.

  12. Life on wood - the carnivorous deep-sea mussel Idas argenteus (Bathymodiolinae, Mytilidae, Bivalvia

    Ockelmann, Kurt W.; Dinesen, Grete E.


    to an ephemeral habitat in the deep sea of both species are described herein. Although larviphagi is known to occur in some filter-feeding bivalves, Idas argenteus is the first mytilid known to be specifically adapted to a carnivorous life. Further, it is argued that the modifications of I. argenteus with regard...... to its shell development, alimentary system, gill anatomy and life habits provide important clues to the evolution of the Bathymodiolinae....

  13. Professor Jüri Talvetist sai Ida-Lääne akadeemia liige / intervjueerinud Rein Veidemann

    Talvet, Jüri, 1945-


    Intervjuu Tartu ülikooli maailmakirjanduse professori Jüri Talvetiga luulefestivalist Curtea de Argeş ("Nopţile de Poezie de la Curtea de Argeş") ja tema rumeenia keelde tõlgitud luulekogust „Unest, lumest” ("De din somn, de din zăpadă" - tõlkija Dumitru M. Ion), mida autor seal esitlemas käis ning Ida-Lääne akadeemiast (Academia Internationala Orient-Occident), mille tegevliikmeks ta valiti

  14. Development of a formulation for the preparation of 99m Tc-Ida-bis-Biotin complex

    Gutierrez B, L.C.


    The radiopharmaceuticals of diagnostic use incorporate the radioisotope to an organic or inorganic molecule which goes selectively to the interest organ, to an a physiologic or metabolic process of the body with a simple and quantitatively interpretable kinetics. The 99m Tc occupies 80% from total of the studies realized in the world by the optimum combination of physical half-life (6 h), radionuclide quantity (ng) and high energy emission which allows to obtain results with the greatest information. Actually, in Nuclear Medicine, the research strategies are directed to the use of 'premarkers systems' based in the antibody administration, separated from radionuclide through the use of the avidin/biotin system. According to these considerations it was developed the 99m Tc-IDA-bis-Biotine complex as a new radiopharmaceutical which improves the diagnostic image of infectious core and tumorals. The IDA-biotin compound was synthesised and characterized by its melting point, IR spectroscopy, NMR, MS, UV and High-resolution liquid chromatography (HRLC). With base in an experimental factorial design those variables were established which influence in the radiochemical purity of the radiopharmaceutical which allowed to determine the reaction conditions, pH 9 at environmental temperature (22 Celsius degrees) and the optimum concentrations of the formulation components. IDA-biotine 1.0 mg, stannous chloride 0.1 mg and gluconate 15 mg as weak binding linking were realized to the lyophilized product quality control tests like: stability and radiochemical purity. The analytical techniques used UV spectrophotometry and HRLC were validated. The studies of biodistribution of the 99m Tc-Ida-bis-biotin complex were realized in healthy laboratory animals, showing stability 'In vivo' with renal purification. (Author)

  15. Dendrobium okinawense Hatusima & Ida (Orchidaceae: A Newly Recorded Species in Taiwan

    Shih-Wen Chung


    Full Text Available A newly recorded species, Dendrobium okinawense Hatusima & Ida, in Taiwan is described and illustrated. This species is rare and endemic to Ryukyu Islands. We recently found it in the mountains along the coast of southeastern Taiwan. Although the flower of D. okinawense is somewhat structurally similar to that of D. moniliforme, they are evidently different from each other in floral dimension, petals, lip shape and floral color.

  16. Value of an hepatobiliary imaging agent for diagnosing hepatoma. Example of diethyl-IDA

    Bourguet, P.; Estable, P.; Herry, J.Y.


    A comparative study was performed using two hepatic tracers, a Tc 99m labelled colloid and an hepatobiliary agent Tc 99m labelled diethyl-IDA. In some patients with isolated primary hepatocarcinoma the uptake of the hepatobiliary agent was observed but the colloid was not taken up. In the contrary, the hepatobiliary agent has proved to be of limited value for the diagnosis of hepatomas coexisting with cirrhosis and for the detection of secondary hepatocarcinoma [fr

  17. Value of an hepatobiliary imaging agent for diagnosing hepatoma. Example of diethyl-IDA

    Bourguet, P; Estable, P; Herry, J Y


    A comparative study was performed using two hepatic tracers, a Tc 99m labelled colloid and an hepatobiliary agent Tc 99m labelled diethyl-IDA. In some patients with isolated primary hepatocarcinoma the uptake of the hepatobiliary agent was observed but the colloid was not taken up. In the contrary, the hepatobiliary agent has proved to be of limited value for the diagnosis of hepatomas coexisting with cirrhosis and for the detection of secondary hepatocarcinoma.

  18. Stability 'in vivo' and 'in vitro' of the diisopropyl-IDA sup(99m)Tc

    Verdera, E.S.; Leon, A.S.; Robles, A.M.; Correa, Angela; Oliver, Guillermo; Gamma, Santos; Lanzzeri, Stella; Mitta, A.E.A.


    The 'in vitro' and 'in vivo' stability of the diisopropyl (IDA-3) kit in solution and of the molecule labelled with sup(99m)Tc was studied. The following items were studied a) shelf life of the kit in solution b) 'in vitro' stability of the labelled molecule c) distribution and elimination kinetics d) identification and behaviour of the excretion products. Chromatographic control shows 95% yield of labelled product after 20 days storage at 4 deg C and 92% yield after 30 days in the same conditions; biological distribution was good in both cases. Regarding the 'in vitro' stability, no alteration was observed within the 4 hours after its preparation. The stability of the complex was determined by the reaction between sup(99m)TcIDA-3 and DTPA. Analysis by electrophoresis shows the complex to be stable even with DTPA concentrations 5 times higher. Kinetics of distribution and elimination of the labelled molecule, in animals, were afterwards confirmed by sequential scintigraphic images in humans. The excretion of unaltered sup(99m)Tc-IDA by biliary and urinary ways was confirmed by cromatographic and electrophoretic analysis of bladder and gall bladder content and by determination of its biological distribution. (author) [es

  19. Structures, physicochemical and cytoprotective properties of new oxidovanadium(IV) complexes -[VO(mIDA)(dmbipy)]·1.5H2O and [VO(IDA)(dmbipy)]·2H2O

    Drzeżdżon, Joanna; Jacewicz, Dagmara; Wyrzykowski, Dariusz; Inkielewicz-Stępniak, Iwona; Sikorski, Artur; Tesmar, Aleksandra; Chmurzyński, Lech


    New oxidovanadium(IV) complexes with a modification of the ligand in the VO2+ coordination sphere were synthesized. [VO(mIDA)(dmbipy)]•1.5H2O and [VO(IDA)(dmbipy)]•2H2O were obtained as dark green crystals and grey-green powder, respectively (mIDA = N-methyliminodiacetic anion, IDA = iminodiacetic anion, dmbipy = 4,4‧-dimethoxy-2,2‧-dipyridyl). The crystal structure of [VO(mIDA)(dmbipy)]·1.5H2O has been determined by the X-ray diffraction method. The studies of structure of [VO(mIDA)(dmbipy)]•1.5H2O have shown that this compound occurs in the crystal as two rotational conformers. Furthermore, the stability constants of [VO(mIDA)(dmbipy)]•1.5H2O and [VO(IDA)(dmbipy)]•2H2O complexes in aqueous solutions were studied by using the potentiometric titration method and, consequently, determined using the Hyperquad2008 program. Moreover, the title complexes were investigated as antioxidant substances. The impact of the structure modification in the VO2+ complexes on the radical scavenging activity has been studied. The ability to scavenge the superoxide radical by two complexes - [VO(mIDA)(dmbipy)]·1.5H2O and [VO(IDA)(dmbipy)]·2H2O was studied by cyclic voltammetry (CV) and nitrobluetetrazolium (NBT) methods. The title complexes were also examined by the spectrophotometric method as scavengers of neutral organic radical - 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH•) and radical cation - 2,2'-azinobis-(3-ethylbenzothiazoline)-6-sulfonic acid (ABTS•+). Furthermore, the biological properties of two oxidovanadium(IV) complexes were investigated in relation to its cytoprotective properties by the MTT and LDH tests based on the hippocampal HT22 neuronal cell line during the oxidative damage induced by hydrogen peroxide. Finally, the results presented in this paper have shown that the both new oxidovanadium(IV) complexes with the 4,4‧-dimethoxy-2,2‧-dipyridyl ligand can be treated as the cytoprotective substances.

  20. Experimental inflammation following dural application of complete Freund's adjuvant or inflammatory soup does not alter brain and trigeminal microvascular passage.

    Lundblad, Cornelia; Haanes, Kristian A; Grände, Gustaf; Edvinsson, Lars


    Migraine is a paroxysmal, disabling primary headache that affects 16 % of the adult population. In spite of decades of intense research, the origin and the pathophysiology mechanisms involved are still not fully known. Although triptans and gepants provide effective relief from acute migraine for many patients, their site of action remains unidentified. It has been suggested that during migraine attacks the leakiness of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) is altered, increasing the passage of anti-migraine drugs. This study aimed to investigate the effect of experimental inflammation, following dural application of complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) or inflammatory soup (IS) on brain and trigeminal microvascular passage. In order to address this issue, we induced local inflammation in male Sprague-Dawley-rats dura mater by the addition of CFA or IS directly on the dural surface. Following 2, 24 or 48 h of inflammation we calculated permeability-surface area product (PS) for [(51)Cr]-EDTA in the trigeminal ganglion (TG), spinal trigeminal nucleus, cortex, periaqueductal grey and cerebellum. We observed that [(51)Cr]-EDTA did not pass into the central nervous system (CNS) in a major way. However, [(51)Cr]-EDTA readily passed the TG by >30 times compared to the CNS. Application of CFA or IS did not show altered transfer constants. With these experiments we show that dural IS/CFA triggered TG inflammation, did not increase the BBB passage, and that the TG is readily exposed to circulating molecules. The TG could provide a site of anti-migraine drug interaction with effect on the trigeminal system.

  1. Effects of Trichilia monadelpha (Meliaceae extracts on bone histomorphology in complete Freund’s adjuvant-induced arthritis



    Full Text Available Aim: To assess the effect of petroleum ether extract (PEE, ethyl acetate extract (EthE, and ethanol extract (EAE of Trichilia monadelpha stem bark on bone histomorphology in arthritis. Methods: Percentage inhibition of edema and arthritic scores in complete Freund’s adjuvant-induced (0.1 ml of 5 mgml-1 of heat killed Mycobacterium tuberculosis in paraffin oil injected sub-plantar into the right hind paw arthritic Sprague-Dawley rats treated with PEE, EthE, or EAE (10, 30, and 100 mgkg-1, dexamethasone (0.3-3.0 mgkg-1 or methotrexate (0.1–1.0 mgkg-1 over a 28-day period were estimated. Rat paws were radiographed and scored. Body weights were taken and paw tissues harvested for histopathological studies. Results: The extracts significantly (P≤0.01-0.0001 and dose-dependently reduced the polyarthritic phase of arthritis. EAE and PEE significantly (P≤0.01-0.0001 minimized edema spread from acute arthritic phase (day 0-10 to polyarthritic phase (day 10-28. EthE improved deteriorated body weight in arthritis. All extracts significantly (P≤0.05-0.01 improved arthritic score; reducing erythema, swelling and joint rigidity, and also significantly (P≤0.05-0.01 reduced hyperplasia, pannus formation, and exudation of inflammatory cells into synovial spaces. Conclusion: The stem bark extracts of Trichilia monadelpha reduce bone tissue damage and resorption associated with adjuvant-induced arthritis, hence could be useful in managing arthritis in humans. [J Complement Med Res 2017; 6(2.000: 177-185

  2. Freund's adjuvant-induced inflammation: clinical findings and its effect on hepcidin mRNA expression in horses

    José P. Oliveira-Filho


    Full Text Available Hypoferremia observed during systemic inflammatory disorders is regulated by hepcidin. Hepcidin up-regulation is particularly important during acute inflammation, as it restricts the availability of iron, which is necessary for pathogenic microorganism growth before adaptive immunity occurs. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical findings and hepatic hepcidin mRNA expression in horses using a Freund's complete adjuvant (FCA model of inflammation. The expression of hepcidin mRNA in the liver was determined in healthy horses following two intramuscular injections of FCA at 0 h and 12 h. Plasma iron and fibrinogen concentrations were measured at multiple time points between 0 h and 240 h post-FCA injection (PI. Hepcidin mRNA expression was determined by RT-qPCR using liver biopsy samples performed at 0 h (control, 6 h and 18 h PI. The mean plasma fibrinogen level was significantly different from the control values only between 120 and 216 h PI. The mean plasma iron level was significantly lower than the control between 16 and 72 h PI, reaching the lowest levels at 30 h PI (33 % of the initial value, and returned to the reference value from 96 h PI to the end of the experiment. Hepcidin mRNA expression increased at 6 h PI and remained high at 18 h PI. The iron plasma concentration was an earlier indicator of inflammatory processes in horses when compared with fibrinogen and might be useful for the early detection of inflammation in the horse. FCA administration caused the rapid onset of hypoferremia, and this effect was likely the result of up-regulated hepatic hepcidin gene expression. This study emphasizes the importance of hepcidin and iron metabolism during inflammation in horses.

  3. Jobelyn® attenuates inflammatory responses and neurobehavioural deficits associated with complete Freund-adjuvant-induced arthritis in mice.

    Omorogbe, Osarume; Ajayi, Abayomi M; Ben-Azu, Benneth; Oghwere, Ejiroghene E; Adebesin, Adaeze; Aderibigbe, Adegbuyi O; Okubena, Olajuwon; Umukoro, Solomon


    Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disease that affects the physical and psychosocial wellbeing of the patients and a major cause of work disability. Current drugs for its treatment only provide palliative effect, as cure for the disease still remains elusive. Jobelyn ® (JB), a potent anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory dietary supplement obtained from Sorghum bicolor, has been claimed to relieve arthritic pain. Thus, this study was designed to evaluate its effect on inflammatory and biochemical changes as well as neurobehavioural deficits associated with complete Freund-adjuvant (CFA)-induced arthritis in mice. The effect of JB (50, 100 and 200 mg/kg) on inflammatory oedema, neurobehavioural deficits, levels of biomarkers of oxidative stress and inflammatory cytokines (tumor necrosis factor-alpha and interleukin-6) induced by 0.1 mL of CFA (10 mg/mL) was evaluated in male Swiss mice. Oral administration of JB (100 and 200 mg/kg) reduced inflammatory paw volume and reversed sensorimotor deficits induced by CFA. JB also reduced pain episodes, anxiety and depressive-like symptoms in CFA-mice. The increased level of oxidative stress in the joint and brain tissues of CFA-mice was reduced by JB. It also decreased tumor necrosis factor-alpha and interleukin-6 levels induced by CFA in the joint tissue of mice. These findings suggest that Jobelyn ® attenuates inflammatory responses induced by CFA in mice via inhibition of oxidative stress and release of inflammatory cytokines. The ability of JB to attenuate CFA-induced nociception, sensorimotor deficits and depressive-like symptom suggests it might improve the quality of life of patients with arthritic conditions. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  4. Epigenetic suppression of potassium-chloride co-transporter 2 expression in inflammatory pain induced by complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA).

    Lin, C-R; Cheng, J-K; Wu, C-H; Chen, K-H; Liu, C-K


    Multiple mechanisms contribute to the stimulus-evoked pain hypersensitivity that may be experienced after peripheral inflammation. Persistent pathological stimuli in many pain conditions affect the expression of certain genes through epigenetic alternations. The main purpose of our study was to investigate the role of epigenetic modification on potassium-chloride co-transporter 2 (KCC2) gene expression in the persistence of inflammatory pain. Persistent inflammatory pain was induced through the injection of complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) in the left hind paw of rats. Acetyl-histone H3 and H4 level was determined by chromatin immunoprecipitation in the spinal dorsal horn. Pain behaviour and inhibitory synaptic function of spinal cord were determined before and after CFA injection. KCC2 expression was determined by real time RT-PCR and Western blot. Intrathecal KCC2 siRNA (2 μg per 10 μL per rat) or HDAC inhibitor (10 μg per 10 μL per rat) was injected once daily for 3 days before CFA injection. Persistent inflammatory pain epigenetically suppressed KCC2 expression through histone deacetylase (HDAC)-mediated histone hypoacetylation, resulting in decreased inhibitory signalling efficacy. KCC2 knock-down caused by intrathecal administration of KCC2 siRNA in naïve rats reduced KCC2 expression in the spinal cord, leading to sensitized pain behaviours and impaired inhibitory synaptic transmission in their spinal cords. Moreover, intrathecal HDAC inhibitor injection in CFA rats increased KCC2 expression, partially restoring the spinal inhibitory synaptic transmission and relieving the sensitized pain behaviour. These findings suggest that the transcription of spinal KCC2 is regulated by histone acetylation epigenetically following CFA. Persistent pain suppresses KCC2 expression through HDAC-mediated histone hypoacetylation and consequently impairs the inhibitory function of inhibitory interneurons. Drugs such as HDAC inhibitors that suppress the influences of

  5. Immunological consequences of using three different clinical/laboratory techniques of emulsifying peptide-based vaccines in incomplete Freund's adjuvant

    Kast W Martin


    Full Text Available Abstract Incomplete Freund's adjuvant (IFA serves as a carrier for water-in-oil emulsion (W/O vaccines. The stability of such emulsions greatly affects vaccine safety and efficacy since continued presence of antigen depots at lymphoid organs releasing low-level antigens is known to stimulate a potent immune response and high-level systemic release of antigens can lead to tolerance. W/O emulsions for the purpose of clinical and laboratory peptide-based vaccinations have been prepared using the techniques of syringe extrusion, vortex or high-speed homogenization. There is no consensus in the field over which technique would be best to use and no immunological data are available that compare the three techniques. In this study, we compared the immune responses induced by a peptide-based vaccine prepared using vortex, syringe-extrusion and homogenization. The vaccination led to tumor rejection by mice vaccinated with the peptide-based vaccine prepared using all three techniques. The immunological data from the in vivo cytotoxicity assay showed a trend for lower responses and a higher variability and greater range in the immune responses induced by a vaccine that was emulsified by the vortex or homogenizer techniques as compared to the syringe-extrusion technique. There were statistically significant lower numbers of IFNγ-secreting cells induced when the mice were vaccinated with a peptide-based vaccine emulsion prepared using the vortex compared to the syringe-extrusion technique. At a suboptimal vaccine dose, the mice vaccinated with a peptide-based vaccine emulsion prepared using the vortex technique had the largest tumors compared to the syringe-extrusion or the homogenizer technique. In the setting of a busy pharmacy that prepares peptide-based vaccine emulsions for clinical studies, the vortex technique can still be used but we urge investigators to take special care in their choice of mixing vessels for the vortex technique as that can

  6. The role of Tc-99m IDA hepatobiliary and Tc-99m colloid hepatic imaging in primary biliary cirrhosis

    Aburano, T.; Yokoyama, K.; Shuke, N.; Kinuya, S.; Takayama, T.; Tonami, N.; Hisada, K.


    To assess the presence of primary biliary cirrhosis, 15 patients at various histopathologic stages were studied by Tc-99m IDA hepatobiliary and/or Tc-99m colloid hepatic imaging. In the earlier stages (I and II), seven of eight patients (88%) showed uniform hepatic retention of Tc-99m IDA. Of seven patients in the same stage, however, four (57%) showed no abnormality on Tc-99m colliod imaging. In three of these four negative patients (75%), uniform hepatic retention of Tc-99m IDA was noted. In the later stages (III and IV), all seven patients showed decreased clearance with or without delayed tracer appearance in the intestine and prominent hepatic retention on Tc-99m IDA imaging; with Tc-99m colloid imaging there was enlargement of the spleen and increased activity in the spleen and bone marrow. Thus, Tc-99m IDA imaging is considered to be more useful in revealing this functional disorder at the earlier stage of primary biliary cirrhosis and in evaluating progression from an earlier to a later stage of disease. Tc-99m colloid imaging also effectively evaluated progression

  7. A comparison of manual therapy and active rehabilitation in the treatment of non specific low back pain with particular reference to a patient's Linton & Hallden psychological screening score: a pilot study

    Stephenson Richard


    Full Text Available Abstract Background Clinical guidelines for the management of back pain frequently recommend 'manual therapy' as a first line intervention, with psychosocial screening and 'active rehabilitation' for those not improving at 6 weeks post onset. The potential for psychosocial factors to predict treatment response and therefore outcome has not been adequately explored. The purpose of this pilot study was to determine the feasibility of a study to compare manual therapy and active rehabilitation outcomes for subjects with sub-acute/chronic back pain, investigate whether any difference in outcome was related to psychosocial factors, and to inform the design of a main study. Methods A convenience sample of 39 patients with non-specific low back pain referred to the physiotherapy department of an acute NHS Trust hospital was recruited over a nine month period. Patients completed the Linton and Hallden psychological screening questionnaire (LH and were allocated to a low LH (105 or below or high LH (106 or above scoring group. The low or high LH score was used to sequentially allocate patients to one of two treatment groups – Manual Therapy comprising physiotherapy based on manual means as chosen by the treating therapist or Active Rehabilitation comprising a progressive exercise and education programme – with the first low LH scoring patient being allocated to active rehabilitation and the next to manual therapy and so on. Treatment was administered for eight sessions over a four-week period and outcome measures were taken at baseline and at four weeks. Measures used were the Roland Morris Questionnaire (RMQ, two components of the Short Form McGill (total pain rating index [PRI] and pain intensity via visual analogue scale [VAS], and the LH. Results The manual therapy group demonstrated a greater treatment effect compared with active rehabilitation for RMQ (mean difference 3.6, 95% CI 1.1 – 6.2, p = 0.006 and PRI (7.1, 95% CI 2.0 – 12.2, p = 0

  8. The radiopharmacological behaviour of Ida-derivatives in normal experimental animals

    Cox, P.H.


    Whilst Technetium-Ida derivatives all show basically similar patterns of biodistribution and as such are suited for cholescintigraphy they nevertheless differ significantly enough from each other to have warranted more detailed comparisons to select the reagent most suited for cholescintigraphy in humans. A review of the basic biological behaviour in animals immediately demonstrates that not only are there observable differences between derivatives but there are also differences in the biological behaviour of any one derivative in different species of animal. Animal data does not therefore directly relate to human biodistribution although many qualitative resemblances can be found. (Auth.)

  9. Synthesis and quality control of sup(99m)Tc-p-butyl IDA

    Zmbova, B.; Konstantinovska-Djokic, D.; Tadzer, I.


    A procedure is described for synthesis of p-butyl IDA and for identification of the product by i.r. and NMR spectroscopy and by chemical analysis. A method for preparing this compound by ''instant'' technique and for its labelling with sup(99m)Tc is also given, as well as a procedure for control of the chemical and biological properties of the radiopharmaceutical. Radiochemical study shows a high labelling yield of 95%. Investigation of the biodistribution proves that this preparation is a good hepatobiliary reagent, suitable for use in investigation of the liver functions and for quantitative visualization of the hepatobiliary system. (author)

  10. The hepatic excretion of 131I-rose bengal and sup(99m)Tc-IDA derivatives in Rotor's syndrome

    Galli, G.; Focacci, C.; Maini, C.L.; Salvatori, M.; Troncone, L.; Fedeli, G.L.; Rapaccini, G.L.


    Bilirubin kinetics and hepatobiliary excretion of some exogenous anions (BSP, 131 I-rose bengal, diethyl and parabutyl-IDA labeled with sup(99m)Tc) were studied in three patients presenting with Rotor's syndrome. Two were brothers; a noja undiced fraternal twin of one of them was also evaluated. The hepatic clearance of the radiopharmaceuticals was imparired in the affected patients but the degree of impairment was different among the tested anions, i.e., maximal for 99 Tc-diethyl-IDA and minimal for 131 I-rose bengal. Parabutyl-IDA was cleared better than the diethyl derivative. The metabolic derangement seems to be the level of transfer from plasma to liver and of the hepatic storage, rather than at the level of hepatocyte excretory pathways, as in the case of Dubin-Johnson syndrome. (orig.)

  11. Promoting Dark Sky Protection in Chile: the Gabriel Mistral IDA Dark Sky Sanctuary and Other AURA Initiatives

    Smith, R. Chris; Smith, Malcolm; Pompea, Stephen; Sanhueza, Pedro; AURA-Chile EPO Team


    For over 20 years, AURA has been leading efforts promoting the protection of dark skies in northern Chile. Efforts began in the early 1990s at AURA's Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory (CTIO), working in collaboration with other international observatories in Chile including Las Campanas Observatory (LCO) and the European Southern Observatory (ESO). CTIO also partnered with local communities, for example supporting Vicuña's effort to establish the first municipal observatory in Chile. Today we have developed a multifaceted effort of dark sky protection, including proactive government relations at national and local levels, a strong educational and public outreach program, and a program of highlighting international recognition of the dark skies through the IDA Dark Sky Places program. Work on international recognition has included the declaration of the Gabriel Mistral IDA Dark Sky Sanctuary, the first such IDA sanctuary in the world.

  12. Age-dependent changes in 24-hour rhythms of catecholamine content and turnover in hypothalamus, corpus striatum and pituitary gland of rats injected with Freund's adjuvant

    Reyes Toso Carlos A


    Full Text Available Abstract Background Little information is available on the circadian sequela of an immune challenge in the brain of aged rats. To assess them, we studied 24-hour rhythms in hypothalamic and striatal norepinephrine (NE content, hypothalamic and striatal dopamine (DA turnover and hypophysial NE and DA content, in young (2 months and aged (18–20 months rats killed at 6 different time intervals, on day 18th after Freund's adjuvant or adjuvant's vehicle administration. Results Aging decreased anterior and medial hypothalamic NE content, medial and posterior hypothalamic DA turnover, and striatal NE concentration and DA turnover. Aging also decreased NE and DA content in pituitary neurointermediate lobe and augmented DA content in the anterior pituitary lobe. Immunization by Freund's adjuvant injection caused: (i reduction of DA turnover in anterior hypothalamus and corpus striatum; (ii acrophase delay of medial hypothalamic DA turnover in old rats, and of striatal NE content in young rats; (iii abolition of 24-h rhythm in NE and DA content of neurointermediate pituitary lobe, and in DA content of anterior lobe, of old rats. Conclusions The decline in catecholamine neurotransmission with aging could contribute to the decrease of gonadotropin and increase of prolactin release reported in similar groups of rats. Some circadian responses to immunization, e.g. suppression of 24-h rhythms of neurointermediate lobe NE and DA and of anterior lobe DA were seen only in aged rats.

  13. Anti-arthritic activity of cell wall content of Lactobacillus plantarum in freund's adjuvant-induced arthritic rats: involvement of cellular inflammatory mediators and other biomarkers.

    Gohil, Priyanshee; Patel, Vimal; Deshpande, Shrikalp; Chorawala, Mehul; Shah, Gaurang


    Alteration of microbiota is related with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and administration of certain probiotics showed an improvement in RA. The present study was designed to find out the anti-arthritic activity of cell wall content of Lactobacillus plantarum in complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA)-induced arthritis in rats. Freund's adjuvant was injected into the left footpad in female rats on day 0 and dexamethasone (1 mg kg -1 , s.c.) & cell wall content of L. plantarum (10 5 , 10 7 , and 10 9  cfu/animal, s.c.) treatment were given from day 7 to 21. The change in body weight, paw volume and arthritic index, joint stiffness, gait test, mobility test, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), serum C-reactive protein (CRP) level, serum rheumatoid factor (RF), and serum TNF-α was measured on day 21. Cell wall content of L. plantarum treated animals showed improvement in all the parameters as compared to that in CFA-treated animals and exert anti-arthritic activity.

  14. Evaluation of the concomitant use of methotrexate and curcumin on Freund's complete adjuvant-induced arthritis and hematological indices in rats.

    Banji, David; Pinnapureddy, Jyothi; Banji, Otilia J F; Kumar, A Ranjith; Reddy, K Narsi


    To evaluate the concomitant administration of methotrexate and curcumin for antiarthiritic activity in rats. Arthritis was induced in rats following a single subplantar injection of Freund's complete adjuvant (0.1 ml). Rats were divided into six groups of six animals each. Group I and II were control injected with saline and Freund's complete adjuvant (0.1 ml), respectively. Group III arthritic rats were treated with curcumin (100 mg/kg, i.p.) on alternate days. Group IV received methotrexate (MTX) (2 mg/kg, i.p.) once in a week. Group-V and VI were treated with MTX (1 mg/kg, i.p.) once in a week and after 30 min received curcumin (30 mg/kg and 100 mg/kg, thrice a week, i.p.) from 10(th) to 45(th) days, respectively. Body weight and the paw volume was measured on 9(th), 16(th), 23(rd), 30(th), 37(th), and 45(th) days. Determination of complete blood cell counts, hemoglobin concentration, hematocrit, mean corpuscular volume, and mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration was determined on the 46(th) day. An improvement in body weight and a significant (P arthritis was observed with the combination treatment as compared to the positive control. A significant improvement in the hematological profile was also observed in rats treated with curcumin and methotrexate. The study showed a significant anti-arthritic action and protection from hematological toxicity with the combination treatment of methotrexate and curcumin.

  15. Ida-Virus on jäänud vähemaks nii töötuid kui töötajaid / Erik Gamzejev

    Gamzejev, Erik, 1967-


    Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje, 24. mai 2007, lk. 4. Statistikaameti tööhõiveuuring näitab, et tänavu I kvartalis on Ida-Virus aastatetaguse ajaga võrreldes töötute arv kahanenud 13 700-lt 8500-le. Lisa: Tööturu põhinäitajad Ida-Virumaal

  16. Simultaneous /sup 99m/Tc-p-butyl-IDA and 131I-rose bengal scintigraphy in neonatal jaundice

    Collier, B.D.; Treves, S.; Davis, M.A.; Heyman, S.; Subramanian, G.; McAfee, J.G.


    Eight neonates with jaundice were studied simultaneously with /sup 99m/Tc-p-butyl-IDA and 131 I-rose bengal. Due to physical decay, /sup 99m/Tc-p-butyl-IDA failed to demonstrate delayed excretion through the patent extrahepatic biliary tract in 3 of 5 patients with concomitant hepatitis; 131 I-rose bengal showed small-bowel activity in all 5. Neither agent demonstrated small-bowel activity in 3 neonates with extrahepatic biliary atresia. Based on this clinical trial, 131 I-rose bengal remains the radiopharmaceutical of choice for distinguishing between hepatitis and biliary atresia in these patients

  17. Direct n.c.a. Radioiodination and in-vivo Biologic Behavior of 1251- Dopamine (125IDA) in Mice

    EI-Sheikht, R.; EL-Ghany, E.A.; EI-Wetery, A.S.; Saleh, Z.A.; Hussien, H.


    Dopamine(DA) was successfully labeled with iodine-125 via electrophilic substitution reaction producing 125 IDA tracer. This reaction proceeds well in acidic ph of value equal to 2, due to ease of solubility of the dopamine in this acidic ph value. Two oxidizing agents were used, Chloramine- T and iodogen. At low amount of chloramine-T (25 - 50 μJ) the radiochemical yield of 125 IDA was very low (40 %,) while at 100 μ J, an optimum yield (95 %) was obtained. Also, 20 μJ of iodogen gives a yield of 125 IDA equal to 40 %, while an optimum yield (97%) was obtained at 100 μJ of iodogen. Heating the reaction mixture to 100 degree C for 30 min was recommended to get a yield more than 95%, and heating for long time causes a decomposition of the labeled dopamine. The in-vitro stability of 125 IDA was determined along 24 hours, the data confirms that 125 IDA tracer was stable along eight hours without the detection of any by-products in the reaction mixture. The biodistribution data of the labeled dopamine shows rapid blood clearance, kidneys are the main rout of excretion and thc activity holed by thc kidneys at l/2 hour post injection was 9.5 % which increased gradually to 18.6 % at 1 hour post injection, then passes to the urine which show activity equal to 24.9 % at 2 hours post injection. The labeled dopamine ( 125 IDA) passes through the blood brain barrier (BBB) and the activity detected in the brain was very low and not exceeds 0.2 % at 2 h post injection. The ratio of the uptake of 125 IDA tracer of the brain to the blood was calculated and found equal to 0.1, 0.1, and 0.2 at 1/2, 1, and 2 h post injection, respectively. This low brain to blood ratio due to the low blood clearance of the tracer which males the labeled dopamine not suitable for brain imaging.The 125 IDA tracer was biologically unstable, to some extent, and degraded to free iodine which detected in the thyroid gland at 2 hours post injection with a percentage equal to 3.7

  18. Evaluation of six new /sup 99m/Tc-IDA agents for hepatobiliary imaging

    Chervu, L.R.; Joseph, J.A.; Chun, S.B.; Rolleston, R.E.; Synnes, E.I.; Thompson, L.M.; Aldis, A.E.; Rosenthall, L.


    IDA derivatives of three substituted benzothiazol, and two substituted chlorophenyl and one substituted pyrazoline compounds have been labeled with /sup 99m/Tc and screened with four rat models with hepatocellular dysfunction manifesting varying degrees of change of liver architecture and hepatocellular damage associated with an active parenchymal destruction, fatty metamorphosis and cirrhosis. Organ distribution studies at 1 h postinjection have been compared in normal and diseased animal models for each agent labeled with /sup 99m/Tc and with /sup 99m/Tc-Disofenin (Disida) and Lidofenin (Hida) and /sup 131/I-Rose Bengal. From the data obtained with the six new IDA derivatives, the distribution kinetics of /sup 99m/Tc-Arclophenin, (N-N'-2-benzoyl-4-chlorophenyl)carbamoylmethyl) imino diacetic acid (Phenida), are closely comparable to /sup 99m/Tc-Disofenin in all animal models. Crossover patient studies (n = 14) for clinical evaluation of /sup 99m/Tc-Arclophenin vs /sup 99m/Tc-Disofenin indicate the close similarity of the 2 agents with regard to blood pool retention, gross liver/heart ratios and liver washout, suggesting Arclophenin as a suitable agent for hepatobiliary function studies. The impaired hepatocellular animal models presented should serve for fast screening of hepatobiliary agents and enable comparison of a series of closely related compounds.

  19. Integrated disturbance analysis (IDA): A basis for expert systems in nuclear power plants

    Bastl, W.


    In the framework of a project sponsored by the Bundesminister fur Forschung und Technologie (BMFT) and the Rheinisch-Westfalisches Elektrizitatswerk AG (RWE) the concept of Integrated Disturbance Analysis (IDA) has been developed and applied to the Biblis Unit B Nuclear Power Plant. Rather than using the classical approach, which aims at finding the cause of a plant disturbance, the main goal was to make transparent to the operator what it really means for the process, when a set of parameters begins to deviate from its normal state. Therefore the goal was to help the operator to combine the information on the individual process parameters to the complete picture of the evolving transient, thus facilitating the decision about the importance of a disturbance for operational safety. Considering this goal the most important subjects taken care of were: to extend event sequence analysis by means of analog information; to provide adequate modelling of time dependent processes and feedback loops; to integrate IDA information effectively into the existing control room environment

  20. Tc-99m-diethyl-IDA imaging: clinical evaluation in jaundiced patients

    Pauwels, S.; Piret, L.; Schoutens, A.; Vandermoten, G.; Beckers, C.


    Hepatobiliary imaging with Tc-99m-N,α-(2,6-diethylacetanilide)-iminodiacetic acid (Tc-diethyl-IDA) was performed in 91 jaundiced patients with documented hepatobiliary damage and serum total bilirubin up to 35 mg/dl. There were 56 patients with obstructive jaundice and 35 with hepatocellular disease. Correct discrimination between hepatocellular and obstructive jaundice was possible with an overall accuracy of 90%. Agreement with the final clinical diagnosis was obtained in 97% of patients with hepatocellular disease, and in 86% of patients with obstructive jaundice. The reliability of the test was inversely related to the serum bilirubin levels below 10 mg/dl to 83% for bilirubin between 10 and 20 mg/dl. Above 20 mg/dl, the demonstration of a mechanical obstruction was possible in only one out of the four patients with obstructive jaundice. The high predictive values of the test illustrate that Tc-diethyl-IDA imaging constitutes a reliable method to demonstrate an obstructive cause for the jaundice as long as the bilirubin level remains below 20 mg/dl

  1. A Neighborhood Condition for Fractional ID-[A, B]-Factor-Critical Graphs

    Zhou Sizhong


    Full Text Available Let G be a graph of order n, and let a and b be two integers with 1 ≤ a ≤ b. Let h : E(G → [0, 1] be a function. If a ≤ ∑e∋x h(e ≤ b holds for any x ∈ V (G, then we call G[Fh] a fractional [a, b]-factor of G with indicator function h, where Fh = {e ∈ E(G : h(e > 0}. A graph G is fractional independent-set-deletable [a, b]-factor-critical (in short, fractional ID-[a, b]- factor-critical if G − I has a fractional [a, b]-factor for every independent set I of G. In this paper, it is proved that if for any two nonadjacent vertices x, y ∈ V (G, then G is fractional ID-[a, b]-factor-critical. Furthermore, it is shown that this result is best possible in some sense.

  2. Synthesis of 2,6-diisopropyl-phenylcarbamoylmethyl-iminodiacetic acid (DISIDA) and 4-n-p-butyl-phenylcarbamoylmethyl-iminodiacetic acid (BUTYL-IDA). Preparation of lyophilized kit to be used as 99(supm)Tc agent in hepatobiliary system

    Hamada, E.S.; Barbosa, M.F. de; Theodora, M.A.; Almeida, M. de; Colturato, M.T.; Muramoto, E.; Silva, C.P.G. da.


    The synthesis of 2,6 diisopropyl IDA (DISIDA) and 4-n-butyl IDA (BUTIL-IDA) is described. Their spectroscopic properties, radiopharmaceutical preparation and their use as 99 (sup m)Tc complex agent in hepatobiliary studies, are also reported. (Author) [pt

  3. CTC Sentinel. Volume 2, Issue 1, January 2009. Al-Qa’ida’s Five Aspects of Power


    strategic messaging efforts—the conduit for brand awareness and the expansion of the movement. The distributed social movement that is al-Qa`ida is multi...far beyond message projection and brand awareness efforts. Indeed, the efforts to segment its audience have enabled a far more nuanced messaging

  4. Venelastest Res Publica toetajad Ida-Virus võivad uuele parteile selja pöörata / Erik Kalda

    Kalda, Erik, 1969-


    Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje 6. apr. lk. 3, Narvskaja Nedelja 8. apr. lk. 2. Suur osa Ida-Virumaal elavatest Res Publica liikmetest ning toetajatest ei poolda erakonna ühinemist Isamaaliiduga, sest paljude venelaste meelest on Isamaaliit nende huve eirav partei

  5. Kaug-Ida autoäri eripärast - sae kas või maastur pooleks / Jaanus Piirsalu

    Piirsalu, Jaanus, 1973-


    2009. a. tõsteti Venemaal sisseveetavate kasutatud autode tollimakse. Nüüd saetakse Vladivostokki teel olevad kasutatud autod Jaapanis pooleks ja tuuakse üle piiri kui varuosad. Poolitatud autod keevitatakse Vladivostokis taas kokku. Kasutatud autode äri on Kaug-Idas vähenenud kümneid kordi

  6. Juhan Parts tuleb Ida-Virumaale kuulama kohalike inimeste mõtteid / Juhan Parts ; interv. Sergei Stepanov

    Parts, Juhan, 1966-


    Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje 25. juuli lk. 5, Narvskaja Nedelja 26. juuli lk. 5. 1. ja 2. augustil teeb Eesti Vabariigi peaminister Juhan Parts visiidi Ida-Virumaale, et külastada ettevõtteid, omavalitsusi ja kohtuda inimestega. Peaminister räägib, milliste eesmärkide ja ootustega ta visiidile läheb

  7. Mooring observations of the near-inertial wave wake of Hurricane Ida (2009)

    Pallàs-Sanz, Enric; Candela, Julio; Sheinbaum, Julio; Ochoa, José


    The near-inertial wave wake of Hurricane Ida is examined of the basis of horizontal velocity observations acquired from 7 moorings instrumented with acoustic Doppler current profilers deployed across the shelf break, slope, and at the abyssal plain of the Yucatan Peninsula, from 130 m to ∼3300 m. During the forced stage, background mean-flow consisted on a dominant cyclonic circulation of ∼100 km of diameter intensified toward the Yucatan's shelf (topographic constraint) and bounded by anticyclonic vorticity northeastward (north 25° N). In the low frequency band, subinertial signals of ∈ [5.5-7.5] day period propagating along the Yucatan shelf break. After the passage of Hurricane Ida, energetic near-inertial oscillations spread away from the storm's track over cyclonic vorticity. The wave's Eulerian frequency increases shoreward and toward the Yucatan's shelf. After Ida's passage, mooring data show a contrasting velocity response: semi-diurnal and diurnal tides are enhanced at the shelf break of the Yucatan Peninsula and near-inertial oscillations at the slope and abyssal plain. The near-inertial kinetic energy is largest to the right of the storm track because of the asymmetric wind-stress and amplified due to vorticity trapping near z =-500 m, which is a proxy of the base of the mesoscale structure and where the mean-flow is nearly zero. The blue frequency shifted wave wake propagates downward at ∼57-70 m day-1 and horizontally at 23-28 km day-1 leading a downward vertical energy flux of [1.3-1.6] × 10-2 W m-2. This represents a 7-9% of the total wind power input to near-inertial oscillations that, ultimately, became available for interior ocean mixing. The results suggest that the most energetic wave packet propagated poleward and downward from a broad upwelling region located near the Hurricane's track. The vertical structure of the near-inertial kinetic energy is described as a sum of the first 12 standing vertical modes and as vertically

  8. Clearance of sup(99m)Tc-diisopropyl-IDA in the steady state

    Karimeddini, M K; Vogler, M A; Spencer, R P


    A 77-year-old man with a stent in lace for biliary drainage was examined. Intravenously administered sup(99m)Tc-diisopropyl-IDA showed little accumulation of activity in the abdomen while the stent was draining internally. Upon switching the stent to external drainage, it was possible to monitor the slow movement of the bile which contained radioactivity. Imaging over the liver and comparing activity changes with a sup(99a)Tc standard showed that the decrease in hepatic radioactivity was identical to that occurring in the sup(99m)Tc standard. The liver was thus in a ''steady state'' for excretion of the sup(99m)Tc hepatobiliary agent, for it was extracting as much radioactivity from the circulation as it was excreting.

  9. The interlaboratory experiment IDA-72 on mass spectrometric isotope dilution analysis. Vol. 2

    Beyrich, W.; Drosselmeyer, E.


    Volume II of the report on the IDA-72 experiment contains papers written by different authors on a number of special topics connected with the preparation, performance and evaluation of the interlaboratory test. In detail the sampling procedures for active samples of the reprocessing plant and the preparation of inactive reference and spike solution from standard material are described as well as new methods of sample conditioning by evaporation. An extra chapter is devoted to the chemical sample treatment as a preparation for mass spectrometric analysis of the U and Pu content of the solutions. Special topics are also methods for mass discrimination corrections, α-spectrometer measurements as a supplement for the determination of Pu-238 and the comparison of concentration determinations by mass spectrometric isotope dilution analysis with those performed by X-ray fluorescence spectrometry. The last part of this volume contains papers connected with the computerized statistical evaluation of the high number of data. (orig.) [de

  10. Kontrrevolutsioon kontrrevolutsiooni vastu. Tänapäeva Ida-Euroopa / Gaspar Miklos Tamas ; tõlk. Märt Väljataga

    Tamas, Gaspar Miklos


    Vastureaktsioonist vasakliberaalse valitsuse poliitikale Ungaris. Nõukogude bloki riikide "reaalne sotsialism" kui riigikapitalismi erivorm. 1989. aasta režiimimuutusest Ida-Euroopa maades, vastupanust neokonservatiivsele kontrrevolutsioonile, idaeurooplaste protestiliikumistele iseloomulikest joontest. Lisa: Ungari filosoof Gaspar Miklos Tamas

  11. Quantitative Analysis of Homogeneous Electrocatalytic Reactions at IDA Electrodes: The Example of [Ni(PPh2NBn2)2]2+

    Liu, Fei; Parkinson, B. A.; Divan, Ralu; Roberts, John; Liang, Yanping


    Interdigitated array (IDA) electrodes have been applied to study the EC’ (electron transfer reaction followed by a catalytic reaction) reactions and a new method of quantitative analysis of IDA results was developed. In this new method, currents on IDA generator and collector electrodes for an EC’ mechanism are derived from the number of redox cycles and the contribution of non-catalytic current. And the fractions of bipotential recycling species and catalytic-active species are calculated, which helps understanding the catalytic reaction mechanism. The homogeneous hydrogen evolution reaction catalyzed by [Ni(PPh2NBn2)2]2+ (where PPh2NBn2 is 1,5-dibenzyl-3,7-diphenyl-1,5-diaza-3,7-diphosphacyclooctane) electrocatalyst was examined and analyzed with IDA electrodes. Besides, the existence of reaction intermediates in the catalytic cycle is inferred from the electrochemical behavior of a glassy carbon disk electrodes and carbon IDA electrodes. This quantitative analysis of IDA electrode cyclic voltammetry currents can be used as a simple and straightforward method for determining reaction mechanism in other catalytic systems as well.

  12. Quantitative Analysis of Homogeneous Electrocatalytic Reactions at IDA Electrodes: The Example of [Ni(PPh2NBn2)2]2+

    Liu, Fei; Parkinson, B.A.; Divan, Ralu; Roberts, John; Liang, Yanping


    Interdigitated array (IDA) electrodes have been applied to study the EC’ (electron transfer reaction followed by a catalytic reaction) reactions and a new method of quantitative analysis of IDA results was developed. In this new method, currents on IDA generator and collector electrodes for an EC’ mechanism are derived from the number of redox cycles and the contribution of non-catalytic current. And the fractions of bipotential recycling species and catalytic-active species are calculated, which helps understanding the catalytic reaction mechanism. The homogeneous hydrogen evolution reaction catalyzed by [Ni(P Ph 2 N Bn 2 ) 2 ] 2+ (where P Ph 2 N Bn 2 is 1,5-dibenzyl-3,7-diphenyl-1,5-diaza-3,7-diphosphacyclooctane) electrocatalyst was examined and analyzed with IDA electrodes. Besides, the existence of reaction intermediates in the catalytic cycle is inferred from the electrochemical behavior of a glassy carbon disk electrodes and carbon IDA electrodes. This quantitative analysis of IDA electrode cyclic voltammetry currents can be used as a simple and straightforward method for determining reaction mechanism in other catalytic systems as well.

  13. Comparison of future energy scenarios for Denmark: IDA 2050, CEESA (Coherent Energy and Environmental System Analysis), and Climate Commission 2050

    Kwon, Pil Seok; Østergaard, Poul Alberg


    Scenario-making is becoming an important tool in energy policy making and energy systems analyses. This article probes into the making of scenarios for Denmark by presenting a comparison of three future scenarios which narrate 100% renewable energy system for Denmark in 2050; IDA 2050, Climate Commission 2050, and CEESA (Coherent Energy and Environmental System Analysis). Generally, although with minor differences, the scenarios suggest the same technological solutions for the future such as expansion of biomass usage and wind power capacity, integration of transport sector into the other energy sectors. The methodologies used in two academic scenarios, IDA 2050 and CEESA, are compared. The main differences in the methodologies of IDA 2050 and CEESA are found in the estimation of future biomass potential, transport demand assessment, and a trial to examine future power grid in an electrical engineering perspective. The above-mentioned methodologies are compared in an evolutionary perspective to determine if the methodologies reflect the complex reality well. The results of the scenarios are also assessed within the framework of “radical technological change” in order to show which future scenario assumes more radical change within five dimensions of technology; technique, knowledge, organization, product, and profit. -- Highlights: ► Three future scenarios for Danish future in 2050 are compared. ► All of these scenarios suggest the same solutions for the future with minor differences. ► There are differences in methodologies for IDA 2050 and CEESA such as biomass, transport, and power grid. ► The contents of scenarios are assessed which scenario assume more radical technological change in the future.

  14. Floral organ abscission peptide IDA and its HAE/HSL2 receptors control cell separation during lateral root emergence

    Kumpf, Robert P.; Shi, Chun-Lin; Larrieu, Antoine; Stø, Ida Myhrer; Butenko, Melinka A.; Péret, Benjamin; Riiser, Even Sannes; Bennett, Malcolm J.; Aalen, Reidunn B.


    Throughout their life cycle, plants produce new organs, such as leaves, flowers, and lateral roots. Organs that have served their purpose may be shed after breakdown of primary cell walls between adjacent cell files at the site of detachment. In Arabidopsis, floral organs abscise after pollination, and this cell separation event is controlled by the peptide INFLORESCENCE DEFICIENT IN ABSCISSION (IDA), which signals through the leucine-rich repeat receptor-like kinases HAESA (HAE) and HAESA-LI...

  15. Chemical and biological properties of 2,6-diisopropyl IDA labelled with sup(99m)Tc

    Zmbova, B.; Djokic, D.; Ninkovic, D.; Obradovic, V.; Kostic, K.


    A procedure is described for the synthesis of 2,6-diisopropyl IDA (DISIDA) and for preparation of the radiopharmaceutical by ''instant technique''. The chemical parameters affecting the formation of the Sn(II)-DISIDA complex were also determined. Biological studies involved lypophylic measurements, determination of binding constants as well as rate of binding to proteins and biodistribution. Clinical investigation demonstrated good hepatobilliary features of this radiopharmaceutical. (author)

  16. Jogando a cartada transatlântica: as campanhas anti-linchamento britânicas de Ida B. Wells

    Paisana, Joanne


    This paper shows the effectiveness of nineteenth-century transatlantic social campaigns, highlighting the usefulness of using existing reform networks for one black American female agitator in particular, Ida B. Wells. Wells’ 1893 and 1894 British anti-lynching campaigns aimed to raise public awareness and consequently support in Britain for stamping out lynching in America and thereafter to galvanize Americans into doing the same. She was supported by Catherine Impey and temperance campaigne...

  17. Morphological and functional criteria of hepatobiliary scintigraphy with IDA derivatives in patients with hepatocellular jaundice

    Biersack, H.J.; Breuel, H.P.; Altland, H.; Bell, E.


    In 31 Patients with histologically proven hepatocellular jaundice hepatobiliary scintigraphy with Tc-99m labelled IDA derivatives was performed. Results were classified under morphological (demonstration of liver parenchyma, ductus choledochus, bile ducts, gallbladder, kidney) and functional (Tsub(max), halftime of bile excretion, appearance of activity in ductus choledochus, gallbladder, and intestines) criteria. The liver parenchyma could be demonstrated in 90.3% of cases, ductus choledochus in 71% and the gallbladder in 72.4%. The type of tracer excretion into the intestines showed 9.5% activity accumulation in the gallbladder with late bile excretion into the intestines and 90.5% early activity excretion into the duodenum with late filling of the gallbladder. The intrahepatic bile ducts were demonstrated in 22.6% (left hepatic duct) and 6.5% (right hepatic duct). In 35.5% of cases the kidneys were still visible after 15 min p.i. All cases showed - sometimes delayed - bile excretion into the GI tract. The time of appearance of activity in ductus choledochus (18.4 min) and gallbladder (39.5 min) was delayed. The liver histogram showed likewise delayed values concerning Tsub(max) (14.3 min) and half life of tracer excretion (> 30 min) when compared to controls. The differentiation of hepatocellular jaundice from obstructive jaundice is possible by the demonstration of bile excretion into the intestines, normal width of the bile ducts, and filling of the gallbladder. (orig.) [de

  18. Cooperative study with sup(99m)Tc diisopropil-IDA on biliary tract diseases

    Mitta, A.E.A.; Mollerach, F; Almeida, C.A.


    The results of a cooperative study on the investigation of the biliary tract with sup(99m)Tc diisopropyl-IDA are presented. 15 normal volunteers and 75 patients with acute cholecystitis (AC), chronic cholecystitis (CC), hepatocellular jaundice (HCJ), incomplete extrahepatic biliary obstruction (IEBO) and complete extrahepatic biliary obstruction (CEBO) were studied. The biological behaviour of the radiopharmaceutical in the two groups was determined through the measurement of the uptake times and of the times of arrival in the hepatic parenchyma, in the intra and extrahepatic bile ducts, in the gallbladder, in the duodenum and in the kidneys. The pathophysiologic features found in the AC, CC, HCJ, IEBO and CEBO are described. It is concluded that the procedure has a selective indication in the AC, that its value is limited in the CC, and that in jaundice, except in very special situations, the method gives very little information of clinic value. The possibility of performing cooperative scientific studies between Latin-American Departments, increasing their efficiency, is emphasized. (author) [es

  19. Measurement of isotope abundance variations in nature by gravimetric spiking isotope dilution analysis (GS-IDA).

    Chew, Gina; Walczyk, Thomas


    Subtle variations in the isotopic composition of elements carry unique information about physical and chemical processes in nature and are now exploited widely in diverse areas of research. Reliable measurement of natural isotope abundance variations is among the biggest challenges in inorganic mass spectrometry as they are highly sensitive to methodological bias. For decades, double spiking of the sample with a mix of two stable isotopes has been considered the reference technique for measuring such variations both by multicollector-inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (MC-ICPMS) and multicollector-thermal ionization mass spectrometry (MC-TIMS). However, this technique can only be applied to elements having at least four stable isotopes. Here we present a novel approach that requires measurement of three isotope signals only and which is more robust than the conventional double spiking technique. This became possible by gravimetric mixing of the sample with an isotopic spike in different proportions and by applying principles of isotope dilution for data analysis (GS-IDA). The potential and principle use of the technique is demonstrated for Mg in human urine using MC-TIMS for isotopic analysis. Mg is an element inaccessible to double spiking methods as it consists of three stable isotopes only and shows great potential for metabolically induced isotope effects waiting to be explored.

  20. Value of sup(99m)Tc-diethyl-IDA scintigraphy for the diagnosis of biliary atresia

    Bourdelat, D.; Gruel, Y.; Guibert, L.; Babut, J.M. (Hopital Pontchaillou 35 - Rennes (France)); Bourguet, P.; Herry, J.Y. (Centre Eugene Marquis, CHR Pontchaillou, 35 - Rennes (France))


    With reference to three cases, the value of cholescintigraphy for the diagnosis of biliary atresia is underscored. With this procedure, surgical indications can be determined in neonates with jaundice persisting beyond the physiologic period. Clolescintigraphy can be repeated as it is easy to perform, safe and well tolerated. sup(99m)Tc-diethyl-IDA (technetium 99m labelled N-(2,6 diethyl-acetanilide)-iminodiacetic acid) scintigraphy was carried out in eight neonates. This procedure helped to outrule the diagnosis of biliary atresia in 5 cases (1 choledochal cyst, 1 alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency and 3 neonatal hepatitis'). Scintigraphic images and time/activity curves generated simultaneously from equal surfaces over the heart and liver were analyzed separately. A good uptake by the liver (rapid decrease in the cardiac curve) with subsequent retention (no decrease in the hepatic curve) is suggestive of biliary atresia. No activity is detected in the biliary ducts or intestinal tract. Post-operatively, cholescintigraphy is a useful tool for controling the efficiency of the surgical procedure.

  1. A methodology for collection and analysis of human error data based on a cognitive model: IDA

    Shen, S.-H.; Smidts, C.; Mosleh, A.


    This paper presents a model-based human error taxonomy and data collection. The underlying model, IDA (described in two companion papers), is a cognitive model of behavior developed for analysis of the actions of nuclear power plant operating crew during abnormal situations. The taxonomy is established with reference to three external reference points (i.e. plant status, procedures, and crew) and four reference points internal to the model (i.e. information collected, diagnosis, decision, action). The taxonomy helps the analyst: (1) recognize errors as such; (2) categorize the error in terms of generic characteristics such as 'error in selection of problem solving strategies' and (3) identify the root causes of the error. The data collection methodology is summarized in post event operator interview and analysis summary forms. The root cause analysis methodology is illustrated using a subset of an actual event. Statistics, which extract generic characteristics of error prone behaviors and error prone situations are presented. Finally, applications of the human error data collection are reviewed. A primary benefit of this methodology is to define better symptom-based and other auxiliary procedures with associated training to minimize or preclude certain human errors. It also helps in design of control rooms, and in assessment of human error probabilities in the probabilistic risk assessment framework. (orig.)

  2. Application of Incremental Dynamic Analysis (IDA Method for Studying the Dynamic Behavior of Structures During Earthquakes

    M. Javanpour


    Full Text Available Prediction of existing buildings’ vulnerability by future earthquakes is one of the most essential topics in structural engineering. Modeling steel structures is a giant step in determining the damage caused by the earthquake, as such structures are increasingly being used in constructions. Hence, two same-order steel structures with two types of structural systems were selected (coaxial moment frames and moment frame. In most cases, a specific structure needs to satisfy several functional levels. For this purpose, a method is required to determine the input request to the structures under possible earthquakes. Therefore, the Incremental Dynamic Analysis (IDA was preferred to the Push-Over non-linear static method for the analysis and design of the considered steel structures, due its accuracy and effect of higher modes at the same time intervals. OpenSees software was used to perform accurate nonlinear analysis of the steel structure. Two parameters (spectral acceleration and maximum ground acceleration were introduced to the modeled frames to compare the numerical correlations of seismic vulnerability obtained by two statistical methods based on the "log-normal distribution" and "logistics distribution", and finally, the parameters of displacement and drift were assessed after analysis.

  3. User's manual for the National Water-Quality Assessment Program Invertebrate Data Analysis System (IDAS) software, version 5

    Cuffney, Thomas F.; Brightbill, Robin A.


    The Invertebrate Data Analysis System (IDAS) software was developed to provide an accurate, consistent, and efficient mechanism for analyzing invertebrate data collected as part of the U.S. Geological Survey National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Program. The IDAS software is a stand-alone program for personal computers that run Microsoft Windows(Registered). It allows users to read data downloaded from the NAWQA Program Biological Transactional Database (Bio-TDB) or to import data from other sources either as Microsoft Excel(Registered) or Microsoft Access(Registered) files. The program consists of five modules: Edit Data, Data Preparation, Calculate Community Metrics, Calculate Diversities and Similarities, and Data Export. The Edit Data module allows the user to subset data on the basis of taxonomy or sample type, extract a random subsample of data, combine or delete data, summarize distributions, resolve ambiguous taxa (see glossary) and conditional/provisional taxa, import non-NAWQA data, and maintain and create files of invertebrate attributes that are used in the calculation of invertebrate metrics. The Data Preparation module allows the user to select the type(s) of sample(s) to process, calculate densities, delete taxa on the basis of laboratory processing notes, delete pupae or terrestrial adults, combine lifestages or keep them separate, select a lowest taxonomic level for analysis, delete rare taxa on the basis of the number of sites where a taxon occurs and (or) the abundance of a taxon in a sample, and resolve taxonomic ambiguities by one of four methods. The Calculate Community Metrics module allows the user to calculate 184 community metrics, including metrics based on organism tolerances, functional feeding groups, and behavior. The Calculate Diversities and Similarities module allows the user to calculate nine diversity and eight similarity indices. The Data Export module allows the user to export data to other software packages (CANOCO, Primer

  4. In vivo anti-arthritic and anti-nociceptive effects of ethanol extract of Moringa oleifera leaves on complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA)-induced arthritis in rats.

    Mahdi, Harith Jameel; Khan, Nurzalina Abdul Karim; Asmawi, Mohd Zaini Bin; Mahmud, Roziahanim; A/L Murugaiyah, Vikneswaran


    The medicinal uses of plants are in many cases based exclusively on traditional knowledge without enough scientific evidences. Different parts of Moringa oleifera were traditionally used for the treatment of wide variety of ailments including arthritis and joints pain. The present study had been designed to evaluate the anti-arthritic and anti-nociceptive activities of ethanol extract of Moringa leaves, this being the most abundant plant part suitable for commercial mass production of botanical medicinal products. Complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA)-induced arthritis in rats was used as disease model. CFA-induced inflammatory paw edema, body weight, arthritic index, X-ray radiography, hematological parameters, and walk track and locomotion analysis were all evaluated for the assessment of disease progression. In addition to that, anti-nociceptive activity was examined at different dose levels in both normal and arthritic-induced rats using Eddy's hot plate and tail flick thermal analgesia. The analysis of various arthritic assessment parameters used in this study revealed that Moringa extract has a considerable effect in preventing development or ameliorate arthritis disease severity. Moreover, the ethanol extract of Moringa leaves revealed significant anti-nociceptive activity at in both normal and CFA-induced arthritis rats in a dose-dependent manner. Ethanol extract of Moringa leaves appears to be a really promising as analgesic and arthritis medication, but a larger and more detailed preclinical and clinical studies especially in human is highly recommended.

  5. Conservation of the abscission signaling peptide IDA during Angiosperm evolution: withstanding genome duplications and gain and loss of the receptors HAE/HSL2

    Ida M. Stø


    Full Text Available The peptide INFLORESCENCE DEFICIENT IN ABSCISSION (IDA, which signals through the leucine-rich repeat receptor-like kinases HAESA (HAE and HAESA-LIKE2 (HSL2, controls different cell separation events in Arabidopsis thaliana. We hypothesize the involvement of this signaling module in abscission processes in other plant species even though they may shed other organs than A. thaliana. As the first step towards testing this hypothesis from an evolutionarily perspective we have identified genes encoding putative orthologues of IDA and its receptors by BLAST searches of publically available protein, nucleotide and genome databases for angiosperms. Genes encoding IDA or IDA-LIKE (IDL peptides and HSL proteins were found in all investigated species, which were selected as to represent each angiosperm order with available genomic sequences. The 12 amino acids representing the bioactive peptide in A. thaliana have virtually been unchanged throughout the evolution of the angiosperms; however, the number of IDL and HSL genes varies between different orders and species. The phylogenetic analyses suggest that IDA, HSL2 and the related HSL1 gene, were present in the species that gave rise to the angiosperms. HAE has arisen from HSL1 after a genome duplication that took place after the monocot - eudicots split. HSL1 has also independently been duplicated in the monocots, while HSL2 has been lost in gingers (Zingiberales and grasses (Poales. IDA has been duplicated in eudicots to give rise to functionally divergent IDL peptides. We postulate that the high number of IDL homologs present in the core eudicots is a result of multiple whole genome duplications. We substantiate the involvement of IDA and HAE/HSL2 homologs in abscission by providing gene expression data of different organ separation events from various species.

  6. Anti-hyperalgesic and anti-inflammatory effects of Achillea santolina and Stachys athorecalyx extracts on complete Freund's adjuvant–induced short- term inflammation in male wistar rats

    Elaheh Tekieh


    Full Text Available Introduction: Immune system is involved in the etiology and path physiologic mechanisms of inflammation. Medicinal plants are an important source of substances which are claimed to induce non-specific immune modulator effects. Given the above information and the role of IL-6 in inflammation and pain induction, this study investigated the effects of Achillea santolina and Stachys athorecalyx methanolic and defatted extracts on cmplete Freund's adjuvant (CFA -induced short term inflammation in male Wistar rats Materials and Methods: Inflammation was induced on day zero by CFA injection in hind paw of rats. Methanolic and defatted extractions were prepared form aerial parts of both plants. 50, 100 and 200 mg/kg doses of extracts were selected for IP treatment during 6 days after CFA injection. Results: Results indicated dose related effects of A. santolina and S. athorecalyx extracts on edema, hyperalgesia and serum IL-6 level during inflammation. Although, both methanolic and defatted extracts of S. athorecalyx showed a significant reduction in the inflammatory symptoms, no significant differences was observed between these two kinds of extracts of S.athorecalyx with respect to their anti inflammatory effects. Only methanolic extract of A. santolina was effective during CFA-induced inflammation. Conclusion: These results could suggest that short-term administration of A. santolina and S. athorecalyx extracts possess potent anti-inflammatory effects and modulate paw edema, hyperalgesia and serum IL-6 level during CFA–induced inflammation. In addition, these dose-dependent effects may mediate via different extract supplements which need more investigations.

  7. Role of spinal cord alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid receptors in complete Freund's adjuvant-induced inflammatory pain

    Shih Ming-Hung


    Full Text Available Abstract Spinal cord α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid receptors (AMPARs mediate acute spinal processing of nociceptive and non-nociceptive information, but whether and how their activation contributes to the central sensitization that underlies persistent inflammatory pain are still unclear. Here, we examined the role of spinal AMPARs in the development and maintenance of complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA-induced persistent inflammatory pain. Intrathecal application of two selective non-competitive AMPAR antagonists, CFM-2 (25 and 50 μg and GYKI 52466 (50 μg, significantly attenuated mechanical and thermal hypersensitivities on the ipsilateral hind paw at 2 and 24 h post-CFA injection. Neither CFM-2 nor GYKI 52466 affected the contralateral basal responses to thermal and mechanical stimuli. Locomotor activity was not altered in any of the drug-treated animals. CFA-induced inflammation did not change total expression or distribution of AMPAR subunits GluR1 and GluR2 in dorsal horn but did alter their subcellular distribution. The amount of GluR2 was markedly increased in the crude cytosolic fraction and decreased in the crude membrane fraction from the ipsilateral L4–5 dorsal horn at 24 h (but not at 2 h post-CFA injection. Conversely, the level of GluR1 was significantly decreased in the crude cytosolic fraction and increased in the crude membrane fraction from the ipsilateral L4–5 dorsal horn at 24 h (but not at 2 h post-CFA injection. These findings suggest that spinal AMPARs might participate in the central spinal mechanism of persistent inflammatory pain.

  8. Anti-nociceptive effects of Tanshinone IIA (TIIA) in a rat model of complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA)-induced inflammatory pain.

    Sun, Shukai; Yin, Yue; Yin, Xin; Cao, Fale; Luo, Daoshu; Zhang, Ting; Li, Yunqing; Ni, Longxing


    Inflammatory pain is an important clinical symptom. The levels of extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERKs) and the levels of cytokines such as interleukin 1β (IL-1β), interleukin 6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) play important roles in inflammatory pain. Tanshinone IIA (TIIA) is an important component of Danshen, a traditional Chinese medicine that has been commonly used to treat cardiovascular disease. In this study, we investigated the potential anti-inflammatory nociceptive effects of TIIA on complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA)-induced inflammation and inflammatory pain in rats. The effects of TIIA on CFA-induced thermal and mechanical hypersensitivity were investigated using behavioral tests. The levels of ERKs, nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-κB) and transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) in the fifth segment of the lumbar spinal cord (L5) ganglia were detected by Western blot, and the levels of mRNA and protein production of IL1-β, IL-6 and TNF-α were detected by real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and enzyme-linked immuno sorbent assay (ELISA). In this study, we found that TIIA attenuates the development of CFA-induced mechanical and thermal hypersensitivity. In addition, p-ERK and NF-κB expression levels were inhibited by TIIA, and the levels of the pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α were reduced. Finally, we found that the expression level of TRPV1 was significantly decreased after TIIA injection. This study demonstrated that TIIA has significant anti-nociceptive effects in a rat model of CFA-induced inflammatory pain. TIIA can inhibit the activation of ERK signaling pathways and the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines. These results suggest that TIIA may be a potential anti-inflammatory and anti-nociceptive drug. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. Role of Sigma-1 Receptor/p38 MAPK Inhibition in Acupoint Catgut Embedding-Mediated Analgesic Effects in Complete Freund's Adjuvant-Induced Inflammatory Pain.

    Du, Kairong; Wang, Xue; Chi, Laiting; Li, Wenzhi


    The endoplasmic reticulum chaperone protein Sigma-1 receptor (Sig-1 R) and mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) are involved in the mechanism of pain. Acupoint stimulation exerts an exact antihyperalgesic effect in inflammatory pain. However, whether Sig-1 R and MAPKs are associated with the acupoint stimulation-induced analgesic effects is not clear. This study investigated the analgesic effect of acupoint catgut embedding (ACE) and the inhibition of Sig-1 R and MAPKs in ACE analgesia. Rats were prepared with intrathecal catheter implantation. ACE was applied to bilateral "Kunlun" (BL60), "Zusanli" (ST36), and "Sanyinjiao" (SP6) acupoints in the rat model of inflammatory pain (complete Freund's adjuvant [CFA] intraplantar injection). Then, Sig-1R agonist PRE084 or saline was intrathecally given daily. The paw withdrawal thresholds and paw edema were measured before CFA injection and at 1, 3, and 5 day after CFA injection. Western bolt was used to evaluate the protein expression of spinal Sig-1R, p38MAPK, and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), and immunohistochemistry of Sig-1R was detected at 1, 3, and 5 days after CFA injection. ACE exhibited specific analgesic effects. ACE increased paw withdrawal thresholds and markedly decreased CFA-induced paw edema at 1, 3, and 5 days. ACE downregulated the protein expression of Sig-1R, which was increased significantly at 1, 3, and 5 days after CFA injection. ACE decreased the expression of p38 MAPK and ERK at 1 and 3 days but not at 5 days. However, an injection of Sig-1R agonist PRE084 markedly reversed these alterations, except ERK expression. The present study demonstrated that ACE exhibited antihyperalgesic effects via the inhibition of the Sig-1R that modulated p38 MAPK, but not ERK, expression in the CFA-induced inflammatory pain model in rats.

  10. Floral organ abscission peptide IDA and its HAE/HSL2 receptors control cell separation during lateral root emergence.

    Kumpf, Robert P; Shi, Chun-Lin; Larrieu, Antoine; Stø, Ida Myhrer; Butenko, Melinka A; Péret, Benjamin; Riiser, Even Sannes; Bennett, Malcolm J; Aalen, Reidunn B


    Throughout their life cycle, plants produce new organs, such as leaves, flowers, and lateral roots. Organs that have served their purpose may be shed after breakdown of primary cell walls between adjacent cell files at the site of detachment. In Arabidopsis, floral organs abscise after pollination, and this cell separation event is controlled by the peptide INFLORESCENCE DEFICIENT IN ABSCISSION (IDA), which signals through the leucine-rich repeat receptor-like kinases HAESA (HAE) and HAESA-LIKE2 (HSL2). Emergence of new lateral root primordia, initiated deep inside the root under the influence of auxin, is similarly dependent on cell wall dissolution between cells in the overlaying endodermal, cortical, and epidermal tissues. Here we show that this process requires IDA, HAE, and HSL2. Mutation in these genes constrains the passage of the growing lateral root primordia through the overlaying layers, resulting in altered shapes of the lateral root primordia and of the overlaying cells. The HAE and HSL2 receptors are redundant in function during floral organ abscission, but during lateral root emergence they are differentially involved in regulating cell wall remodeling genes. In the root, IDA is strongly auxin-inducible and dependent on key regulators of lateral root emergence--the auxin influx carrier LIKE AUX1-3 and AUXIN RESPONSE FACTOR7. The expression levels of the receptor genes are only transiently induced by auxin, suggesting they are limiting factors for cell separation. We conclude that elements of the same cell separation signaling module have been adapted to function in different developmental programs.

  11. The IDA-80 measurement evaluation programme on mass spectrometric isotope dilution analysis of uranium and plutonium. Vol. 3

    Beyrich, W.; Golly, W.; Spannagel, G.


    The evaluation data derived from the measurement results of the laboratories participating in the IDA-80 programme have been compiled in tables and graphs. They concern a total of more than 2000 determinations of isotope ratios, isotope abundances and concentrations for uranium and plutonium obtained on test materials of industrial origin which contained fission products, and on fission product free synthetic reference solutions. Comparisons are made with data certified by CBNM and NBS, and estimates are given which were calculated by variance analyses for within- and between laboratory variations. (orig.) [de

  12. Strategy for the investigation of hazardous substances in industrial effluents: IDA (Industrial Discharge Assessment)

    Reemtsma, T.; Klinkow, N.


    The assessment of amounts and effects of hazardous substances in industrial effluents necessitates a combination of chemical and biological investigations. Therefore in this study a strategy for the investigation of hazardous substances in wastewater discharges was developed which connects the parameters persistence, bioaccumulation, and aquatic toxicity. The strategy IDA (Industrial Discharge Assessment) was elaborated based on the evaluation of existing investigation strategies and the available test systems. The strategy has a modular structure to assure a flexible investigation with regard to the particularities of a given wastewater. After the determination of acute and chronic toxicity and genotoxicity a microbial degradation test is carried out to obtain the persistent wastewater fraction. The bioaccumulating substances are determined from this fraction by solid-phase extraction. Within the strategy differences between direct and indirect discharges are taken into account and particulate matter is considered as well. By the modular linking it can be determined if a wastewater contains toxic and persistent and bioaccumulating substances, which present an important potential of hazard for the aquatic environment. The first application of the strategy on three wastewater samples of the chemical and the metal processing industry showed that the strategy can be used as planned. (orig.) [German] Die Erfassung der Gehalte und Wirkungen gefaehrlicher Stoffe in Abwassereinleitungen der Industrie erfordert eine Kombination chemischer und biologischer Untersuchungen, die ueber das bisher in der AbwV festgelegte Mass hinausgeht. In dieser Studie wurde deshalb eine Untersuchungsstrategie fuer gefaehrliche Stoffe in Abwasserleitungen entwickelt, die die Parameter Persistenz, Bioakkumulierbarkeit und Toxizitaet auch experimentell verknuepft. Die Ausarbeitung erfolgte nach Auswertung der international bestehenden Untersuchungsstrategien sowie der zur Verfuegung stehenden

  13. EAARL Coastal Topography-Fire Island National Seashore, New York, Post-Nor'Ida, 2009

    Nayegandhi, Amar; Vivekanandan, Saisudha; Brock, J.C.; Wright, C.W.; Nagle, D.B.; Bonisteel-Cormier, J.M.; Fredericks, Xan; Stevens, Sara


    These remotely sensed, geographically referenced elevation measurements of lidar-derived bare-earth (BE) and first-surface (FS) topography datasets were produced collaboratively by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), St. Petersburg Coastal and Marine Science Center, St. Petersburg, FL, and the National Park Service (NPS), Northeast Coastal and Barrier Network, Kingston, RI. This project provides highly detailed and accurate datasets of a portion of the Fire Island National Seashore in New York, acquired post-Nor'Ida (November 2009 nor'easter) on December 4, 2009. The datasets are made available for use as a management tool to research scientists and natural-resource managers. An innovative airborne lidar instrument originally developed at the NASA Wallops Flight Facility, and known as the Experimental Advanced Airborne Research Lidar (EAARL), was used during data acquisition. The EAARL system is a raster-scanning, waveform-resolving, green-wavelength (532-nanometer) lidar designed to map near-shore bathymetry, topography, and vegetation structure simultaneously. The EAARL sensor suite includes the raster-scanning, water-penetrating full-waveform adaptive lidar, a down-looking red-green-blue (RGB) digital camera, a high-resolution multispectral color-infrared (CIR) camera, two precision dual-frequency kinematic carrier-phase GPS receivers, and an integrated miniature digital inertial measurement unit, which provide for sub-meter georeferencing of each laser sample. The nominal EAARL platform is a twin-engine aircraft, but the instrument was deployed on a Pilatus PC-6. A single pilot, a lidar operator, and a data analyst constitute the crew for most survey operations. This sensor has the potential to make significant contributions in measuring sub-aerial and submarine coastal topography within cross-environmental surveys. Elevation measurements were collected over the survey area using the EAARL system, and the resulting data were then processed using the Airborne

  14. Observation on the changes of serum erythropoietin (EPO) and ferritin (SF) levels after preserved red cells (PRC) transfusion in patients with iron deficiency anemia (IDA)

    Li Keqin; Lv Haijun; Li Xinghua


    Objective: To study the changes of serum EPO and SF levels after preserved red cells transfusion in patients with IDA. Methods: Serum EPO and SF levels were detected with RIA both before and after transfusing preserved red cells in 35 patients with IDA as well as in 30 controls. Results: Before transfusion serum EPO levels in the patients were significantly higher than those in the controls (P 0.05). Conclusion: Transfusing preserved red cells is an effective treatment and has important role in clinical application. (authors)

  15. 77 FR 2118 - In the Matter of the Designation of al-Qa'ida Kurdish Battalions (AQKB), Also Known as Kurdistan...


    ... Battalions (AQKB), Also Known as Kurdistan Brigades, Also Known as Kurdistan Battalion of Islamic State in Iraq, Also Known as Kurdistan Brigade of al-Qaeda in Iraq, as a Specially Designated Global Terrorist... known as al-Qa'ida Kurdish Battalions (AQKB), also known as Kurdistan Brigades, also known as, Kurdistan...

  16. Keskerakonna Ida-Viru piirkonna juht Eevi Paasmäe: "Mulle meeldib olla otsustamise juures!" / Eevi Paasmäe ; interv. Erik Gamzejev

    Paasmäe, Eevi, 1952-


    Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje : Subbota 10. sets., lk. 3. Keskerakonna Ida-Viru piirkonna juht lõppenud kohalike valimiste tulemustest, erakonna edust. Arvamust avaldavad Riigikogu spiiker Toomas Varek ja Keskerakonna Jõhvi osakonna juht Villu Pung. Eevi Paasmäe CV

  17. Geologie des Ida ou Zal (Maroc) Stratigraphie,petrographie et tectonique de la partie SW du bloc occidental du massif ancien du Haut Atlas

    Koning, de G.


    The present publication deals with the geology of the area known as the Ida ou Zal, situated principally in the Palaeozoic of the Western High Atlas mountains in Morocco. The area extends grosso modo between Argana (N), Sidi Idir (E), Menizla (S) and Tirkou (W); its centre lies at 34°10 N—12°65 W.

  18. Hepatic blood flow determination. A comparison of 99mTc-diethyl-IDA and indocyanine green as hepatic blood flow indicators in man

    Henriksen, Jens Henrik Sahl; Winkler, K


    99mTc-diethyl-acetanilide-iminodiacetic acid (IDA) was compared with indocyanine green (ICG) as an indicator of hepatic blood flow (HBF). Twelve subjects (8 with cirrhosis, 2 with fatty liver, one with pancreatitis, and one with intestinal angina) were studied during hepatic vein catheterization...

  19. Majandusareng, innovatsioon ja tehnoloogilis-majanduslik paradigma : väljakutse Kesk- ja Ida-Euroopa riikidele / Tarmo Kalvet, Rainer Kattel

    Kalvet, Tarmo, 1975-


    Autorid analüüsivad läbiviidud uuringute alusel majanduslikku arengut ning teadus- ja arendustegevust Kesk- ja Ida-Euroopa riikides ning Eestis ja tõdevad, et innovatsioonil põhineva majandussüsteemini jõudmiseks on vaja senisest suuremat riigi toetust.

  20. Mürgitankeri jäätmed võivad minna Ida-Virumaale töötlusse / Ingvar Bärenklau

    Bärenklau, Ingvar, 1967-


    Mürgitamiskahtlusega tanker Probo Koala võib Paldiski sadamast lahkuda, kui lahendatakse logistikaülesanne, kuidas toimetada ligi 600 kuupmeetrit mürgist vett Paldiskist Ida-Virumaale Vaivara ohtlike jäätmete käitlemise keskusse. Lisa: Probo Koala Eestis

  1. The IDA-80 measurement evaluation programme on mass spectrometric isotope dilution analysis of uranium and plutonium. Vol. 2

    Bievre, P. de; Gallet, M.; Hendrickx, F.; Lycke, E.; Wolters, W.H.; Mainka, E.; Wertenbach, H.


    A description is given of the test samples for the IDA-80 interlaboratory measurement evaluation programme. The preparation is described from the delivery of authentic reprocessing plant input samples (WAK Karlsruhe), their treatment at the IRCh-KfK and their further preparation and bottling at CBNM-Geel. All test samples have been characterized with best methods and instrumentation available at CBNM Geel and NBS Washington. Joint certified values for U/Pu element and isotopes content of a real-life and of a synthetic input test material were established, to serve the evaluation of participant's results. Full details of packaging, transport requirements and transport formalities in order to dispatch the samples world wide are also given. (orig.) [de

  2. Die Rolle der Grenze in der regionalen Identitätsbildung aus der Sicht der Regionalelite im Südosten und Nordosten Estlands (Setomaa und Ida-Virumaa) / Sigrid Rand

    Rand, Sigrid


    Setumaa ja Ida-Virumaa võrdlus, nende Eesti idapoolsete äärealade kohaliku identiteedi kujunemisest ja piiri mõjust sellele. Artikkel tugineb 2002. aastatel tehtud intervjuudele kohaliku võimueliidi esindajatega

  3. Emission of pollutants and the dynamics of air quality in Ida-Viru County in 1995-1998

    Liblik, Valdo; Kundel, Helmut; Maalma, Kaiu


    The organisation of monitoring atmospheric air in Ida-Viru County is described and data on the emission of pollutants in 1995-1998 are presented by industrial enterprises and by individual pollutants. A thorough analysis of the concentration of pollutants in the atmospheric air and air quality of towns and concrete air monitoring data are presented. Changes in the air quality are analysed by towns as well as by pollutants. An analysis of the dynamics of the changes in emissions and air quality showed that after a low concentration of pollutants in the atmospheric air in 1993-1995 a tendency towards worsening air quality occurred in 1995-1997. The concentration of some pollutants, for example phenol, has again reached the level of 1990-1991 when the largest amounts of pollutants were emitted into the air. These are signs of some new intensification of production activity in the region, but also of decreasing interest in environmental issues. Although according to reports the total volume of pollutants emitted into the atmosphere in Ida-Viru County has fallen nearly twice as compared with 1991, air monitoring data do not corroborate this. Hazardous pollution incidences may emerge at Saka and in the district of Jaerve in Kohtla-Jaerve in case of unfavourable weather conditions (no wind, high air temperature). The analysis of monitoring data revealed a necessity to improve the system of collecting and processing air monitoring data. For example, at present it is not possible to make a thorough analysis (including correlation analysis of the concentrations of pollutants and direction of winds) of the towns of Narva various objects on an undermine objective conclusions about the origin of pollutants cannot be drawn. It is necessary to guarantee that the existing automatic monitoring system OPSIS should be kept in working order as it is of great significance in monitoring and objective estimation of the air quality in Jaerve district in Kohtla-Jaerve. Presently OPSIS is

  4. 研究炉事故・故障データベースシステム,IDAS-RR; 使用手引書

    松本 潔; 鴻坂 厚夫; 神永 雅紀; 村山 洋二; 大西 信秋; 間庭 正樹


    国内外の研究炉の事故・故障に関する情報を収録した研究炉事故・故障データベースシステムIDAS-RR(Incident Data Base System for Research Reactors)を開発した。IDAS-RRは、メニュー形式によってデータの入力、検索、更新、集計処理等、様々な形態の利用が可能なデータベースシステムであり、パーソナルコンピュータPC-9801上で作動する。IDAS-RRは、現在の目的も含め、研究炉を所有する機関に有用なデータベースと考えられる。1)研究炉における事故・故障分析の対象もしくは参考データ、2)研究炉異常診断システムの知識ベース構築のための解析用起因事象参考データ、3)研究炉における緊急時計画の策定の参考データ、本報告書はIDAS-RRの使用手引書である。...

  5. The IDA cognitive model for the analysis of nuclear power plant operator response under accident conditions. Part I: problem solving and decision making model

    Smidts, C.; Shen, S.H.; Mosleh, A.


    This paper is the first of a series of papers describing IDA which is a cognitive model for analysing the behaviour of nuclear power plant operators under accident conditions. The domain of applicability of the model is a relatively constrained environment where behaviour is significantly influenced by high levels of training and explicit requirement to follow written procedures. IDA consists of a model for individual operator behaviour and a model for control room operating crew expanded from the individual model. The model and its derivatives such as an error taxonomy and data collection approach has been designed with ultimate objective of becoming a quantitative method for human reliability analysis (HRA) in probabilistic risk assessment (PRA). The present paper gives a description of the main components of IDA such as memory structure, goals, and problem solving and decision making strategies. It also identifies factors that are at the origin of transitions between goals or between strategies. These factors cover the effects of external conditions and psychological state of the operator. The description is generic at first and then made specific to the nuclear power plant environment and more precisely to abnormal conditions

  6. The IDA-LIKE peptides IDL6 and IDL7 are negative modulators of stress responses in Arabidopsis thaliana.

    Vie, Ane Kjersti; Najafi, Javad; Winge, Per; Cattan, Ester; Wrzaczek, Michael; Kangasjärvi, Jaakko; Miller, Gad; Brembu, Tore; Bones, Atle M


    Small signalling peptides have emerged as important cell to cell messengers in plant development and stress responses. However, only a few of the predicted peptides have been functionally characterized. Here, we present functional characterization of two members of the IDA-LIKE (IDL) peptide family in Arabidopsis thaliana, IDL6 and IDL7. Localization studies suggest that the peptides require a signal peptide and C-terminal processing to be correctly transported out of the cell. Both IDL6 and IDL7 appear to be unstable transcripts under post-transcriptional regulation. Treatment of plants with synthetic IDL6 and IDL7 peptides resulted in down-regulation of a broad range of stress-responsive genes, including early stress-responsive transcripts, dominated by a large group of ZINC FINGER PROTEIN (ZFP) genes, WRKY genes, and genes encoding calcium-dependent proteins. IDL7 expression was rapidly induced by hydrogen peroxide, and idl7 and idl6 idl7 double mutants displayed reduced cell death upon exposure to extracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS). Co-treatment of the bacterial elicitor flg22 with IDL7 peptide attenuated the rapid ROS burst induced by treatment with flg22 alone. Taken together, our results suggest that IDL7, and possibly IDL6, act as negative modulators of stress-induced ROS signalling in Arabidopsis. © The Author 2017. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society for Experimental Biology.

  7. The IDA-80 measurement evaluation programme on mass spectrometric isotope dilution analysis of uranium and plutonium. Vol. 1

    Beyrich, W.; Golly, W.; Spannagel, G.; Kernforschungszentrum Karlsruhe G.m.b.H.; Bievre, P. de; Wolters, W.


    The main objective was the acquisition of basic data on the uncertainties involved in the mass spectrometric isotope dilution analysis as applied to the determination of uranium and plutonium in active feed solutions of reprocessing plants. The element concentrations and isotopic compositions of all test materials used were determined by CBNM and NBS with high accuracy. The more than 60000 analytical data reported by the participating laboratories were evaluated by statistical methods applied mainly to the calculation of estimates of the variances for the different uncertainty components contributing to the total uncertainty of this analytical technique. Attention was given to such topics as sample ageing, influence of fission products, spike calibration, ion fractionation, Pu-241 decay correction, minor isotope measurement and errors in data transfer. Furthermore, the performance of the 'dried sample' technique and the 'in-situ' spiking method of undiluted samples of reprocessing fuel solution with U-235/Pu-242 metal alloy spikes, were tested successfully. Considerable improvement of isotope dilution analysis in this safeguards relevant application during the last decade is shown as compared to the results obtained in the IDA-72 interlaboratory experiment, organized by KfK in 1972 on the same subject. (orig./HP) [de

  8. Solución adyuvante CM-95 tratada magnéticamente en comparación con el adyuvante de Freund para la obtención del suero de Coombs en conejo

    Clara Martínez


    Full Text Available En este trabajo se evaluó la aplicación de la solución CM-95 tratada magnéticamente como adyuvante inmunológico, en comparación con el adyuvante de Freund, para la obtención del suero de Coombs en conejos, de gran demanda en bancos de sangre y hospitales, para el diagnóstico clínico de conflictos Rh y la enfermedad hemolítica del recién nacido, entre otras. Conejos Nueva Zelanda Blancos se inocularon por la vía subcutánea con suero humano obtenido de 30 donantes O+, unido con la solución CM-95 tratada magnéticamente como adyuvante inmunológico. Se empleó un esquema de inmunización de 40 días, donde se evaluó la dinámica en el título de anticuerpos anti IgG humano por la técnica de hemoaglutinación en tubos. Al antisuero se le determinó la calidad inmunológica por el título de heteroaglutininas de los grupos sanguíneos A, B y O, de anticuerpos anticomplemento C3b, C3d y C4b y anti IgG, antes y después de su purificación. El suero de Coombs con la solución adyuvante CM-95 tratada magnéticamente mostró valores similares a los obtenidos con el adyuvante de Freund. En el mismo se cumplió con los requisitos establecidos por el Centro Estatal para el Control de la Calidad de los Medicamentos, según las normativas de la FDA para este diagnosticador. Estos resultados abren nuevas perspectivas para el uso de la solución adyuvante en la obtención del suero de Coombs.

  9. The Ongoing Addition of Infrasound Sensors and the Flexette Wind-Noise Reducing System to Global Seismic Network Stations Operated by Project IDA

    Ebeling, C. W.; Coon, C.


    Infrasound sensors are now being installed at Global Seismic Network (GSN) stations meeting certain infrastructure criteria. Manufactured by Hyperion Technology Group, Inc., these instruments (model IFS-3312) have a nominal sensitivity of 140 mV/Pa (at 1 Hz), a full-scale range of ±100 Pa, and a dynamic range of 120 dB. Low power consumption (750 mW at 12 VDC) and small size (153 mm x 178 mm) ease incorporation into the mix of existing GSN instrumentation. The accompanying flexible rosette ("Flexette") acoustic wind-noise reducing system, designed by Project IDA (International Deployment of Accelerometers-IDA), optimally includes 24 inlets, 4 secondary manifolds, and a single primary manifold. Each secondary manifold is connected to 6 inlets and to the primary manifold by 10-ft air hoses, thus eliminating stresses and the greater potential for leaks associated with the use of pipe. While the main design goal was to maximize the reduction of acoustic wind-noise over the widest range of wind speeds possible, consideration of additional criteria resulted in a Flexette base design easily tailored to meet individual station constraints and restrictions, made up of inexpensive (total cost Marshall Islands), in August 2017. During the next 6 months infrasound capability will be extended to IDA GSN stations BORG (Borganes, Iceland), EFI (Mount Kent, East Falkland Islands), and SACV (Santiago Island, Cape Verde).As with other data from GSN stations, real-time infrasound data are freely available from the Incorporated Research Institutions for Seismology-Data Management Center (IRIS-DMC).

  10. The origins of radiotherapy: discovery of biological effects of X-rays by Freund in 1897, Kienböck's crucial experiments in 1900, and still it is the dose.

    Widder, Joachim


    The discovery of X-rays by Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen (1845-1923) was triggered by pursuing an anomalous phenomenon: arousal of fluorescence at a distance from tubes in which cathode rays were elicited, a phenomenon which suggested the existence of a new kind of ray other than cathode rays. The discovery of biological effects of these X-rays by Leopold Freund (1868-1943) was triggered by pursuit of the purportedly useless phenomenon of epilation and dermatitis ensuing from X-ray-diagnostic experiments that others had reported. The crucial experiments performed by Robert Kienböck (1871-1953) entailed the proof that X-ray-dose, not electric phenomena, was the active agent of biological effects ensuing when illuminating the skin using Röntgen tubes. For both the discovery of X-rays and the discovery of their biological effectiveness, priority did not matter, but understanding the physical and medico-biological significance of phenomena that others had ignored as a nuisance. Present discussions about the clinical relevance of improving the dose distribution including protons and other charged particles resemble those around 1900 to a certain degree. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  11. Study on changes of serum ferritin (SF), folic acid (FA) and vitamin B12 levels after transfusion of preserved red cells (PRC) in patients with iron deficiency anemia (IDA)

    Liu Hongsu; Li Xinhua; Li Keqin


    Objective: To explore the changes of serum SF, FA and VitB 12 levels after transfusion of preserved red cells in patients with IDA. Methods: Serum SF, FA and VitB 12 levels (with RIA) were detected both before and after transfusion of preserved red cells in 32 patients with IDA as well as in 35 controls. Results: Before transfusion of preserved red cells, the serum SF levels were significantly lower than those in controls (P 12 levels were significantly higher (P 12 were not much different from those in the controls. Conclusion: Transfusion of preserved red cells proves to be very useful. (authors)


    Rosa Argenziano


    Si fornirà quindi una descrizione delle soluzioni linguistiche del testo - con particolare attenzione al rapporto con le scelte manzoniane - opportunamente messe in relazione con l’impostazione pedagogica conservatrice manifestata dalla Baccini, che appare ancora ben lontana dalle idee emancipazioniste abbracciate in seguito. Thus speaks the good damsel: morals and language in “Come vorrei una fanciulla” by Ida Baccini  The post-unification period was a decisive moment in Italian linguistic history, characterized by the gradual and difficult replacement of local dialects with Tuscan-Florentine Italian used by increasingly large numbers of the population, thanks to the synergistic actions of lexicography, educational manuals and children's literature. This paper focuses on a prominent figure in the linguistic and cultural Italianization process: the writer and journalist Ida Baccini (1850-1911. She was the author of pedagogical works for children, among which stands out Le memorie di un pulcino (1875. The paper focuses on one of Baccini’s manuals for the education of young women, a sector which counts numerous late nineteenth century contributions. Come vorrei una fanciulla (1884, like all pedagogical writings of the time, proposed an explicit behavioral model and implicitly conveyed at the same time a specific linguistic style for females. Descriptions of the linguistic solutions in the text - with particular attention on the relationship to Manzonian choices - linked toBaccini’s conservative pedagogical approach, appears very distant from the ideas later embraced by emancipationists.

  13. Instant Data Analysis (IDA)

    Stage, Jan; Kjeldskov, Jesper; Skov, Morten Krogh


    rd Open Workshop: Review, Report and Refine Usability Evaluation Methods (R3 UEMs) The COST294-MAUSE working group has undertaken the challenge to develop an approach to critically reviewing and analyzing Usability Evaluation Methods. The aim of this workshop is to build a knowledge-pool around t...

  14. Inhibition of Inactive States of Tetrodotoxin-Sensitive Sodium Channels Reduces Spontaneous Firing of C-Fiber Nociceptors and Produces Analgesia in Formalin and Complete Freund's Adjuvant Models of Pain.

    David J Matson

    Full Text Available While genetic evidence shows that the Nav1.7 voltage-gated sodium ion channel is a key regulator of pain, it is unclear exactly how Nav1.7 governs neuronal firing and what biophysical, physiological, and distribution properties of a pharmacological Nav1.7 inhibitor are required to produce analgesia. Here we characterize a series of aminotriazine inhibitors of Nav1.7 in vitro and in rodent models of pain and test the effects of the previously reported "compound 52" aminotriazine inhibitor on the spiking properties of nociceptors in vivo. Multiple aminotriazines, including some with low terminal brain to plasma concentration ratios, showed analgesic efficacy in the formalin model of pain. Effective concentrations were consistent with the in vitro potency as measured on partially-inactivated Nav1.7 but were far below concentrations required to inhibit non-inactivated Nav1.7. Compound 52 also reversed thermal hyperalgesia in the complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA model of pain. To study neuronal mechanisms, electrophysiological recordings were made in vivo from single nociceptive fibers from the rat tibial nerve one day after CFA injection. Compound 52 reduced the spontaneous firing of C-fiber nociceptors from approximately 0.7 Hz to 0.2 Hz and decreased the number of action potentials evoked by suprathreshold tactile and heat stimuli. It did not, however, appreciably alter the C-fiber thresholds for response to tactile or thermal stimuli. Surprisingly, compound 52 did not affect spontaneous activity or evoked responses of Aδ-fiber nociceptors. Results suggest that inhibition of inactivated states of TTX-S channels, mostly likely Nav1.7, in the peripheral nervous system produces analgesia by regulating the spontaneous discharge of C-fiber nociceptors.

  15. "Kui teil on võimalik seda vältida - vältige..." : Nõukogude Liidu poliitika Ida-Euroopas ja külma sõja algus / Kaarel Piirimäe

    Piirimäe, Kaarel


    Nõukogude Liidu eesmärkidest Teise maailmasõja järgses Euroopas, rahvademokraatiarežiimide kujundamisest Ida-Euroopa riikides, USA riigisekretäri George Marshalli algatatud Euroopa Taastamise Programmist, Euroopa kommunistlike parteide uue koordinatsioonikeskuse Kominformi asutamiskonverentsist Poolas 1947. a.

  16. Ida-1, the Caenorhabditis elegans orthologue of mammalian diabetes autoantigen IA-2, potentially acts as a common modulator between Parkinson's disease and Diabetes: role of Daf-2/Daf-16 insulin like signalling pathway.

    Fatima, Soobiya; Haque, Rizwanul; Jadiya, Pooja; Shamsuzzama; Kumar, Lalit; Nazir, Aamir


    The lack of cure to age associated Parkinson's disease (PD) has been challenging the efforts of researchers as well as health care providers. Recent evidences suggest that diabetic patients tend to show a higher future risk for PD advocating a strong correlation between PD and Diabetes, thus making it intriguing to decipher common genetic cues behind these ailments. We carried out studies on ida-1, the C. elegans orthologue of mammalian type-1 diabetes auto-antigen IA-2 towards achieving its functional workup vis-à-vis various associated endpoints of PD and Diabetes. Employing transgenic C. elegans strain expressing "human" alpha synuclein (NL5901) under normal and increased glucose concentrations, we studied aggregation of alpha synuclein, content of dopamine, expression of dopamine transporter, content of reactive oxygen species, locomotor activity, nuclear translocation of FOXO transcription factor Daf-16, and quantification of Daf2/Daf-16 mRNA. Our findings indicate that ida-1 affords protection in the studied disease conditions as absence of ida-1 resulted in higher alpha-synuclein aggregation under conditions that mimic the blood glucose levels of diabetic patients. We also observed reduced dopamine content, decreased motility, defective Daf-16 translocation and reduced expression of Daf-2 and Daf-16. Our studies establish important function of ida-1 as a modulator in Daf-2/Daf-16 insulin like signalling pathway thus possibly being a common link between PD and Diabetes.

  17. Prospective evaluation of /sup 99m/Tc-IDA cholescintigraphy and gray-scale ultrasound in the diagnosis of acute cholecystitis

    Ralls, P.W.; Colletti, P.M.; Halls, J.M.; Siemsen, J.K.


    Prospective analysis of the efficacy of /sup 99m/Tc-IDA cholescintigraphy and cholecystosonography showed that both are excellent techniques for assessing patients with suspected acute cholecystitis (accuracy 84.7% and 88.1% respectively). Consequently, the choice of tests selected to evaluate patients with suspected acute cholecystitis depends on several factors including; (a.) quality of equipment available; (b.) capability of the technologist performing the examination; (c.) relative experience of the physician supervising the examination; and (d.) willingness of the surgical consultant to accept a positive examination as sufficient evidence to perform emergency surgery. The authors feel that cholecystosonography should be used to assess the presence of acute cholecystitis in jaundiced patients because of its capability in the assessment of bile duct dilatation, and because of the lower reliability of cholescintigraphy when bile duct obstruction is possible (i.e., in jaundice). Ancillary findings in cholecystosonography and cholescintigraphy can aid in the differential diagnosis of acute right upper quandrant pain syndromes

  18. Prospective evaluation of 99/sup m/Tc-IDA cholescintigraphy and Gray-scale ultrasound in the diagnosis of acute cholecystitis

    Ralls, P.W.; Colletti, P.M.; Halls, J.M.; Siemsen, J.K.


    Prospective analysis of the efficacy of 99 /sup m/Tc-IDA cholescintigraphy and cholecystosonography showed that both are excellent techniques for assessing patients with suspected acute cholecystitis (accuracy 84.7% and 88.1% respectively). Consequently, the choice of tests selected to evaluate patients with suspected acute cholecystitis depends on several factors, including; (a.) quality of equipment available; (b.) capability of the technologist performing the examination; (c.) relative experience of the physician supervising the examination; and (d.) willingness of the surgical consultant to accept a positive examination as sufficient evidence to perform emergency surgery. The authors feel that cholecystosonography should be used to asses the presence of acute cholecystitis in jaundiced patients because of its capability in the assessment of bile duct dilation, and because of the lower reliability of cholescintigraphy when bile duct obstruction is possible (i.e., in jaundice). Ancillary findings in cholecystosonography and cholescintigraphy can aid in the differential diagnosis of acute right upper quadrant pain syndromes

  19. Rethinking the origins of autism: Ida Frye and the unraveling of children's inner world in the Netherlands in the late 1930s.

    Van Drenth, Annemieke


    Historiographies on the phenomenon of "autism" display Leo Kanner and Hans Asperger as the great pioneers. The recent controversy on who was first in "discovering" autism urges research into the question of how scientific discoveries relate to processes of academic reflection and social intervention. The Netherlands provide an interesting case in pioneering work in autism, since Dutch experts described autism in children already in the late 1930s, preceding the first publications on autism in children by Kanner and Asperger. This paper examines the Dutch origins of autism by focusing on Ida Frye's contribution to the teamwork at the Paedological Institute in Nijmegen, which resulted in descriptions of children with autism. The theoretical aim of this paper is to underline the importance of the productive interplay between social interventions and scientific efforts concerning the complex inner world of special children. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  20. Hemorroidectomia híbrida: uma nova abordagem no tratamento das hemorróidas mistas Hybrid hemorrhoidectomy: a new approach in the treatment of hemorrhoids

    Haroldo Alfredo Santos


    Full Text Available Este trabalho tem por objetivo apresentar uma nova abordagem mini-invasiva das Hemorróidas Mistas, a Hemorroidectomia Híbrida, que consiste na associação da Ligadura Elástica (LE das Hemorróidas Internas com a ressecção complementar dos Plicomas Externos sob anestesia local. Num universo de 326 cirurgias orificiais realizadas na Proctoclínica num período de 4 anos, 300 (92% foram submetidos a procedimentos mini-invasivos, 223 (68,40% foram submetidos a LE como tratamento exclusivo e 77 (23,60% à Hemoirroidectomia Híbrida e 26 (8% foram submetidos a outros procedimentos cirúrgicos (Hemorroidectomias a Milligan-Morgan, Fistulectomias etc. A abordagem proposta permite absenteísmo mínimo ao trabalho, mini-invasividade e baixa morbidade pós-operatória, ressaltando-se ainda a realização ambulatorial, excelente tolerabilidade e baixos custos.The goal of this work is to present a new mini-invasive approach of the Internal and External Hemorrhoids Treatment, the Hybrid Hemorrhoidectomy, that consists of an association of the Rubber Band Ligation (RBL of the Internal Hemorrhoids with complementary withdraw of the External Piles under local anesthesia. In a universe of 326 anal surgeries carried through in Proctoclínica in a period of 4 years, a number of 300 patients (92% had been submitted to mini-invasive procedures (223 (68,40% had been submitted to RBL as exclusive treatment and 77 (23,60% to Hybrid Hemorrhoidectomy and 26 patients (8% had been submitted to other surgical procedures (Hemorrhoidectomy Milligan-Morgan, Fistulectomy, etc. The proposal approach allows minimum absenteism to the work, mini-invasivity and low pos-operative morbidity with the advantage of office and outpatient procedures, excellent tolerability and low costs.

  1. Efeitos de um minuto e dez minutos de deambulação em ratos com artrite induzida por adjuvante completo de Freund sobre os sintomas de dor e edema

    Raquel Pinheiro Gomes


    Full Text Available Este estudo avaliou o efeito de dois protocolos de exercício na nocicepção, edema e migração celular em ratos com artrite induzida por CFA. Ratos Wistar fêmeas (200 - 250 g, n = 50 foram induzidos à monoartrite por adjuvante completo de Freund (CFA, Mycobacterium butyricum; 0,5 mg/mL; 50 μL na articulação do joelho direito (TF; n = 24 ou tornozelo direito (TT; n = 26. A incapacitação articular foi mensurada pelo tempo de elevação da pata (TEP; s em 1 minuto de avaliação. O edema do joelho ou tornozelo foi avaliado pela medida do diâmetro articular (AD, cm e pelo edema de pata (EP, mL, respectivamente. Ambos foram avaliados durante 10 dias consecutivos. Dois protocolos de exercício foram realizados: (a exercício constante (TF, n = 6; TT, n = 6, realizando 1 minuto diário de exercício no cilindro (3 r.p.m.; (b exercício variável (TF, n = 6; TT, n = 7, exercício com aumento de 1 minuto por dia, totalizando 10 minutos no último dia. Os grupos-controle (TF, n = 12; TT, n = 13 não realizaram exercício. Após 10 dias, os animais foram eutanasiados para contagem total (células/mm3 e diferencial (mononucleares e polimorfos nucleares; células/mm3 de leucócitos do tecido inflamado. O exercício variável inibiu a incapacitação e o edema em ambas as articulações. Entretanto, reduziu a migração total de leucócitos apenas na articulação TF. O exercício constante inibiu o edema nas duas articulações e reduziu a migração total de leucócitos da articulação TT. Porém, não reduziu a incapacitação. O exercício variável pareceu ser mais efetivo em reduzir os parâmetros inflamatórios em comparação com o exercício constante.

  2. Tc-99m-BrIDA hepatobiliary (HIDA) scan has a low sensitivity for detecting biliary complications after orthotopic liver transplantation in patients with hyperbilirubinemia

    Hopkins, L.O.; Feyssa, E.; Parsikia, A.; Khanmoradi, K.; Zaki, R.; Campos, S.; Araya, V.; Tran, H.; Ortiz, J.


    Tc-99m-BrIDA hepatobiliary scans are noninvasive tests for detecting biliary leaks and obstructions. However, there is low sensitivity and specificity in patients with hyperbilirubinemia. Biliary complications (BC) are the Achilles heel of orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). We questioned whether hyperbilirubinemia in liver transplant recipients rendered HIDA scanning less dependable. HIDA findings were compared to endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, laparotomy, and clinical course. Results were categorized as follows: true positive (TP), true negative (TN), false positive (FP), false negative (FN), or nondiagnostic/inconclusive. We searched for variables associated with erroneous or nondiagnostic tests which we defined as all examinations determined to be FP, FN and/or nondiagnostic/inconclusive. Thirty-four patients underwent a HIDA scan. The sensitivity and specificity were 70 and 100%. The sensitivity of HIDA improved to 100% in patients with a total bilirubin (TB) 5 mg/dl. One FN had a TB <5 mg/dl, but was determined inconclusive due to the roux-en-Y. HIDA scans performed when the total bilirubin was <5 mg/dl had a high sensitivity and specificity for detecting biliary complications after OLT. However, when the total bilirubin exceeded 5 mg/dl, the specificity was still 100% but the numbers of nondiagnostic/inconclusive and FN exams were increased. (author)

  3. La relación entre la antropología mexicana y ecuatoriana: ¿Un camino de ida y vuelta?

    Fernando García


    Full Text Available Este trabajo consiste en una revisión del desarrollo de la antropología mexicana y ecuatoriana desde la perspectiva de los diálogos que atraviesan las propuestas teóricas y metodológicas, considerando desde la formación de profesionales hasta la puesta en marcha de políticas públicas relacionadas con la llamada “antropología aplicada”. Mediante un esbozo rápido y general de seis décadas del naciente pensamiento antropológico ecuatoriano –aunque sin que este sea un balance– se busca establecer cómo la interrelación entre antropología mexicana y ecuatoriana, muestra un camino de ida y vuelta, construido por el cruce de diversas perspectivas teóricas generadas al interior del debate disciplinar con los énfasis e intereses diferenciados de los actores locales.

  4. Student health professionals' attitudes and experience after watching "Ida's Diary", a first-person account of living with borderline personality disorder: Mixed methods study.

    Dickens, Geoffrey L; Lamont, Emma; Stirling, Fiona J


    There is increasing interest in the use of commercial movies in nursing education, or "cinenurducation". There is a need for educational interventions which target mental health nurses' attitudes towards people with borderline personality disorder. To investigate and evaluate the experience and effects of attendance at a screening of the movie Ida's Diary, a first-person account of living with borderline personality disorder. Mixed methods design comprising a within-subjects AB longitudinal survey, and a qualitative analysis of participant-generated data and researcher field notes from a World Café discussion group. One university in Scotland. N = 66 undergraduate and postgraduate mental health nursing and counselling students. Participants completed measures of cognitive and emotional attitudes towards, and knowledge about, people with borderline personality disorder before and after one of two film screenings. We conducted a World Café discussion group after the second screening. Resulting data were subject to a qualitative thematic analysis. Quantitative analysis revealed a five-factor cognitive and a single-factor emotional attitude structure. Cognitive-attitudinal items related to treatment deservingness and value of mixed treatment approaches improved across iterations. Total knowledge score did not change, but one item about borderline personality disorder as a precursor to schizophrenia received considerably more incorrect endorsement post-screening. Qualitative analysis revealed five themes: Facilitation and inhibition of learning; promotion but not satiation of appetite for knowledge; challenging existing understanding; prompting creativity and anxiety; and initiating thinking about the bigger picture. Participants found the film thought provoking; it increased their appetite for knowledge. Findings suggest that screening should be delivered in conjunction with more didactic information about borderline personality disorder. Copyright © 2018

  5. Infrared coagulation: a preferred option in treating early hemorrhoids Coagulação por raios infravermelhos: opção preferencial para o tratamento de hemorróidas

    Pravin J. Gupta


    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The ideal therapy for hemorrhoids is always debated. For early grades of the disease, many different modalities of treatment have been proposed. Some are effective but are more painful, others are less painful but their efficacy is not assured on long term. Infrared photocoagulation has emerged as a new addition to the list. In this procedure, the tissue is coagulated by infrared radiation. During treatment, mechanical pressure and radiation energy are applied simultaneously to ablate the blood supply to the hemorrhoidal mass. METHODS: In the present retrospective study, the effect of infrared coagulation on patients with early grades of hemorrhoids is described. In a separate study, a comparison is made between Infrared coagulation and rubber band ligation in terms of their effectiveness and discomfort. RESULTS: 212 patients were treated by infrared coagulation and were followed up for a period of 18 months. Only 28 patients had persistence or recurrence of bleeding. Overall ratio of comfort and patient satisfaction from pain and bleeding was quite satisfactory. The comparative study showed that though rubber band ligation is more effective, it is a more painful procedure. CONCLUSION: These studies shows that Infrared coagulation for hemorrhoids in early stages could prove to be a easy and effective alternative to conventional methods as it is quick, less painful and safe. The procedure can be repeated in case of recurrence and should be considered as the first choice in early hemorrhoids.OBJETIVO: Mostrar os benefícios do uso dos raios infravermelhos como alternativa no tratamento de hemorróidas sangrantes, comparado a outras modalidades habitualmente utilizadas. MÉTODOS: 212 pacientes com hemorróidas sangrantes foram tratados com raios infravermelhos e foram acompanhados por período de 18 meses a fim de se observar os efeitos do procedimento. Comparou-se com outras modalidades usuais de tratamento. RESULTADOS: Apenas 28

  6. Oriented immobilization of His-tagged kinase RIO1 protein on redox active N-(IDA-like)-Cu(II) monolayer deposited on gold electrode—The base of electrochemical biosensor

    Mielecki, Marcin; Wojtasik, Justyn; Zborowska, Magdalena; Kurzątkowska, Katarzyna; Grzelak, Krystyna; Dehaen, Wim; Radecki, Jerzy; Radecka, Hanna


    Highlights: ► The redox active N-(IDA-like)-Cu(II) monolayer is suitable for oriented and stable immobilization of His-tagged kinase Rio1. ► Cu(II) deposited onto the electrode surface play double role: immobilization sites for His-tagged proteins and transduction centres tracking the protein–small molecule interactions. ► The base of biosensor response towards target compound is the change of Rio1 conformation lading to alternation of the permeability of counter ions to Cu(II) redox centres. -- Abstract: The fabrication of electrochemical biosensor consists of the following successive steps: formation of thiol derivative of iminodiacetic acid (IDA-like/N-heterocyclic donor) and N-acetylcysteamine (NAC) self-assembled monolayer on the Au electrode, complexation of Cu(II) by N(IDA-like) attached to the surface of the Au electrode and immobilization of kinase protein Rio1 through N(IDA-like)-Cu(II)-histidine-tag covalent bond formation. Each step of modification was controlled by cyclic voltammetry, electrochemical impedance spectrometry and atomic force microscopy. The interactions between rHis 6 -Rio1 attached to the surface of the electrode and tyrphostin inhibitor (2E)-N-Benzyl-2-cyano-3-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-acrylamide (AG-490) and its analogue (2-cyano-N-(4-methoxyphenyl)-3-(pyridin-3-yl)prop-2-enamide) (CPE), present in aqueous solution were monitored with Osteryoung square wave voltammetry. The basis of the biosensor response was the change in the electrochemical properties of Cu(II) redox centres upon formation of the rHis 6 -Rio1-inhibitor complex. A linear responses with high reproducibility and stability were observed between 0.10 and 0.40 μM of AG-490 as well as of CPE. The interaction between rHis 6 -Rio1 and AG-490 was stronger than the interaction with its analogue CPE. Cu(II) redox current decrease of 37.9 ± 1.6% and 23.3 ± 1.0% were observed in the presence of 0.40 μM of AG-490 and CPE, respectively. The presented biosensor could be

  7. Análisis de materiales didácticos para enseñar Ciencias Sociales en Educación Primaria: “Un camino de ida y vuelta”

    Mon Alday, Estefanía


    Con este Trabajo de Fin de Grado se pretende un acercamiento al tema del análisis de materiales didácticos para enseñar Ciencias Sociales en Educación Primaria y más concretamente se pretende analizar los materiales utilizados con el alumnado de 5º de primaria durante el desarrollo del Proyecto “Un Camino de Ida y Vuelta” en el Colegio Público de Educación Infantil y Primaria “Marqués de Santillana” en la localidad de Palencia. En la primera parte de este trabajo se realiza una revisión t...

  8. The Constraints of Literary Paradigms: Christian Mythology and the Jungle in Ida, a non-fiction picturebook on evolution by Jørn Hurum, Torstein Helleve and Esther van Hulsen

    Ørjasæter, Kristin


    Ida (2011), written by Jørn Hurum and Torstein Helleve and illustrated by Esther van Hulsen, is a non-fiction picturebook for children with an ambitious objective. It presents a fossil, the findings from the study of this fossil, and the dispute over the validity of the results. The composition of the text is threefold: the book opens with an illustrative story about the life and death of the primate that ends up becoming the fossil in question, subsequently introduces a lexicographical secti...

  9. Liquid chromatography, in combination with a quadrupole time-of-flight instrument (LC QTOF), with sequential window acquisition of all theoretical fragment-ion spectra (SWATH) acquisition: systematic studies on its use for screenings in clinical and forensic toxicology and comparison with information-dependent acquisition (IDA).

    Roemmelt, Andreas T; Steuer, Andrea E; Poetzsch, Michael; Kraemer, Thomas


    Forensic and clinical toxicological screening procedures are employing liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) techniques with information-dependent acquisition (IDA) approaches more and more often. It is known that the complexity of a sample and the IDA settings might prevent important compounds from being triggered. Therefore, data-independent acquisition (DIA) methods should be more suitable for systematic toxicological analysis (STA). The DIA method sequential window acquisition of all theoretical fragment-ion spectra (SWATH), which uses Q1 windows of 20-35 Da for data-independent fragmentation, was systematically investigated for its suitability for STA. Quality of SWATH-generated mass spectra were evaluated with regard to mass error, relative abundance of the fragments, and library hits. With the Q1 window set to 20-25 Da, several precursors pass Q1 at the same time and are fragmented, thus impairing the library search algorithms to a different extent: forward fit was less affected than reverse fit and purity fit. Mass error was not affected. The relative abundance of the fragments was concentration dependent for some analytes and was influenced by cofragmentation, especially of deuterated analogues. Also, the detection rate of IDA compared to SWATH was investigated in a forced coelution experiment (up to 20 analytes coeluting). Even using several different IDA settings, it was observed that IDA failed to trigger relevant compounds. Screening results of 382 authentic forensic cases revealed that SWATH's detection rate was superior to IDA, which failed to trigger ∼10% of the analytes.

  10. MO-F-CAMPUS-I-05: Radiation Dosimetry of 99mTc-IDA-D-[c(RGDfK)]2, a SPECT Agent for Angiogenesis Imaging

    Kim, J [Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)


    Purpose: Tc-99m labeled IDA-D-[c(RGDfK){sub 2} ( {sup 99m}Tc-RGD) is a recently developed radiotracer for gamma camera or single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) imaging and promising agent for the visualization of angiogenesis. In this study, we investigated the internal radiation dosimetry of {sup 99m}Tc-RGD in humans. Methods: Six normal controls (F:M=4:2; 68.3±3.2 years; 56.5±10.7 kg) were participated in this study. Simultaneous anterior and posterior scans of whole-body were performed using dual head gamma camera system. Before the emission scan, transmission scan was performed just before injection of {sup 99m}Tc-RGD using Co-57 flood source. After an intravenous injection of 388.7±29.3 MBq of {sup 99m}Tc-RGD, six serial emission scans were performed at 0, 1, 2, 4, 8 and 24 hours post-injection. The anterior and posterior images were geometrically averaged and attenuation correction was applied using transmission scan image. Regions of interest (ROIs) were drawn on liver, gallbladder, kidneys, urinary bladder, spleen, brain, and large intestine. Time activity curves were obtained from serial emission scan and ROIs. The number of disintegrations per unit activity administered (residence time) were calculated from the area under the curve of time activity curves and injected dose of each patient. Finally, the radiation dose for each organ and effective doses were obtained using OLINDA/EXM 1.1 software and residence time. Results: High radiation doses were reported on renal and biliary excretion tracks such as urinary bladder wall, upper large intestine, kidneys, liver and gallbladder wall and their doses were 19.15±6.84, 19.28±4.78, 15.67±0.90, 9.13±1.71 and 9.09±2.03 µGy/MBq, respectively. The effective dose and effective dose equivalent were 5.08±0.53 and 7.11±0.58 µSv/MBq, respectively. Conclusion: We evaluated the radiation dose of 99mTc-RGD, which has an acceptable effective radiation dose compare to the other Tc-99m labeled radio-tracers.

  11. Ida-Euroopa kunst Londonis


    Eve Kase kureeritud näitus "Memoirs from a Cold Utopia" Londonis 28. juulist 28. novembrini 2011. Näitus tähistab Nõukogude Liidu lagunemise 20. aastapäeva. Eestist osalevad Marko Mäetamm, Anu Juurak, Tanja Muravskaja

  12. Bionomic status of Anopheles epiroticus Linton & Harbach, a coastal malaria vector, in Rayong Province, Thailand.

    Sumruayphol, Suchada; Apiwathnasorn, Chamnarn; Komalamisra, Narumon; Ruangsittichai, Jiraporn; Samung, Yudthana; Chavalitshewinkoon-Petmitr, Porntip


    A longitudinal entomological survey was conducted to provide in-depth information on An. epiroticus and determine whether ecological and entomological factors could influence malaria transmission in Rayong Province, Thailand. The mosquitoes were collected monthly from May 2007 to April 2008 by human landing catch technique from 6:00-12:00 PM for 2 consecutive nights, at 3 collection sites. A total of 3,048 mosquitoes within 5 species were captured: An. epiroticus, Culex quinquefasciatus Say, Cx. sitiens Wiedemann, Aedes aegypti (L.) and Ae. albopictus Skuse. PCR was used for molecular identification of An. sundaicus complex, by determination of COI, ITS2, and D3 genes. The target mosquitoes were An. epiroticus, which was the predominant species, accounting for 43.8% of specimens collected. The biting cycle pattern increased during 6:00-8:00 PM and reached a maximum of 6.6 bites/person/hour by 12:00 PM. The mosquitoes varied in population density throughout the year. The highest biting rate was 37.6 bites/person/ half night in September and the lowest (10.2 bites/person/half night) in January. Nested PCR and real-time PCR techniques were used to detect the malaria parasite in An. epiroticus adult females. Nine of 926 (0.97%) mosquitoes tested were malaria parasite positive: 6 P. falciparum and 3 P. vivax. The infective mosquitoes were found in the dry and early rainy seasons. The overall annual entomological inoculation rate (EIR) in the village was 76.6. The overall parity rate was 74%. A total of 38 cement tanks were used to characterize the nature of the breeding places of An. epiroticus. An. epiroticus larvae coexisted with Aedes and Culex larvae; the maximum larval density was more than 140 larvae per dip in May. Breeding places included fresh, brackish and salt water, typically with full sunlight and mats of green algae on the water surface. The salinity of the water ranged from 0.5 to 119.4 g/l, with a narrow pH range of 8.2-8.7. Dissolved oxygen was highest in November (6.27 mg/l) and lowest in March (3.46 mg/l). The water temperature varied between 24.6 and 32.8 degrees C.

  13. The hydrocarbon-degrading marine bacterium Cobetia sp. strain MM1IDA2H-1 produces a biosurfactant that interferes with quorum sensing of fish pathogens by signal hijacking

    Ibacache-Quiroga, C; Ojeda, J; Espinoza-Vergara, G; Olivero, P; Cuellar, M; Dinamarca, M A


    Summary Biosurfactants are produced by hydrocarbon-degrading marine bacteria in response to the presence of water-insoluble hydrocarbons. This is believed to facilitate the uptake of hydrocarbons by bacteria. However, these diffusible amphiphilic surface-active molecules are involved in several other biological functions such as microbial competition and intra-or inter-species communication. We report the isolation and characterization of a marine bacterial strain identified as Cobetia sp. MM1IDA2H-1, which can grow using the sulfur-containing heterocyclic aromatic hydrocarbon dibenzothiophene (DBT). As with DBT, when the isolated strain is grown in the presence of a microbial competitor, it produces a biosurfactant. Because the obtained biosurfactant was formed by hydroxy fatty acids and extracellular lipidic structures were observed during bacterial growth, we investigated whether the biosurfactant at its critical micelle concentration can interfere with bacterial communication systems such as quorum sensing. We focused on Aeromonas salmonicida subsp. salmonicida, a fish pathogen whose virulence relies on quorum sensing signals. Using biosensors for quorum sensing based on Chromobacterium violaceum and Vibrio anguillarum, we showed that when the purified biosurfactant was mixed with N-acyl homoserine lactones produced by A. salmonicida, quorum sensing was inhibited, although bacterial growth was not affected. In addition, the transcriptional activities of A. salmonicida virulence genes that are controlled by quorum sensing were repressed by both the purified biosurfactant and the growth in the presence of Cobetia sp. MM1IDA2H-1. We propose that the biosurfactant, or the lipid structures interact with the N-acyl homoserine lactones, inhibiting their function. This could be used as a strategy to interfere with the quorum sensing systems of bacterial fish pathogens, which represents an attractive alternative to classical antimicrobial therapies in fish

  14. Siberian population of the New Stone Age: mtDNA haplotype diversity in the ancient population from the Ust'-Ida I burial ground, dated 4020-3210 BC by 14C.

    Naumova O, Y u; Rychkov S, Y u


    On the basis of analysis of mtDNA from skeletal remains, dated by 14C 4020-3210 BC, from the Ust'-Ida I Neolithic burial ground in Cis-Baikal area of Siberia, we obtained genetic characteristics of the ancient Mongoloid population. Using the 7 restriction enzymes for the analysis of site's polymorphism in 16,106-16,545 region of mtDNA, we studied the structure of the most frequent DNA haplotypes, and estimated the intrapopulational nucleotide diversity of the Neolithic population. Comparison of the Neolithic and modern indigeneous populations from Siberia, Mongolia and Ural showed, that the ancient Siberian population is one of the ancestors of the modern population of Siberia. From genetic distance, in the assumption of constant nucleotide substitution rate, we estimated the divergence time between the Neolithic and the modern Siberian population. This divergence time (5572 years ago) is conformed to the age of skeletal remains (5542-5652 years). With use of the 14C dates of the skeletal remains, nucleotide substitution rate in mtDNA was estimated as 1% sequence divergence for 8938-9115 years.

  15. Die Freunde im und die Freude am Fernsehen

    Amina Ovcina Cajacob


    Full Text Available Das Ziel der vorliegenden Arbeit besteht darin, die Wirkungen von Popstars und Popbands auf Jugendliche (13- bis 17-Jährige zu erforschen. Im Mittelpunkt der Interessen steht die Frage, welche Wirkungen aus der Rezeption von Musiksendungen (bzw. Videoclips von Musiksendern entstehen und welche Charakteristika innerhalb der aufgebauten Beziehungen zu den Stars bemerkbar sind. Andererseits wurden die Unterschiede und Parallelen zwischen parasozialen Beziehungen zu den Stars und orthosozialen Beziehungen aufgezeigt. Im Zusammenhang mit der empirischen Untersuchung bezieht sich die Autorin auf den Uses-and-Gratifications-Approach, wobei die bedürfnissbefriedigenden Wirkungen von Musikkanälen und den dazu gehörigen Popstars im Mittelpunkt stehen. Mit Hilfe des Uses-and-Gratifications-Approach wird angenommen, dass das Konsumieren der Musiksendungen und der Musikstars von den Jugendlichen gezielt zur Befriedigung bestimmter Bedürfnisse eingesetzt wird.The objective of this study is to explore the effects of pop stars on adolescents (aged between 13 and 17. The focus of interest is the question what effect music channels (i.e. video clips from music channels produce and what characteristics are noticeable from the formed relationship between adolescents and pop stars. On the other side, parallels and differences have been drawn between the para-social relationships to pop stars and ortho-social relationships. In connection with empirical study, the author also refers to Uses-and Gratification-Approach where the need satisfying effects of music channels and pop stars are in focus. With the help of Uses-and Gratification-Approach it will be assumed, that aim of watching music channels and therefore pop stars will be pointed toward the gratification of specific needs.


    September 1914 during the battle of Tannenberg, where 100000 men were taken ... authorised members of the Royal Family with German titles to relinquish such titles and ...... force which had landed in Salonika, Greece, to aid the Serbs, was.


    June, and America had entered the war against Germany in April of the same year. The battle .... Thesewould havebeen "moving pictures", or "movies", with captions. Quite a number ..... land and they censored her letters and did not like some ...


    and could not remember anything, not even his mother's address. ... The 14th July is a great holiday in France and we had a very ... This is the first letter in which Betty mentions the word "homesick" - and .... some wonderful coloured pictures .


    The French doctor said it was a touch of pleurisy I had and that there was nothing wrong with me. .... to speak again, who have lost the power of speech through air raids. There are ... children of all ages .... An Identity Card issued by the French Government. undated, but presum- ably issued on Betty's arrival in Cannes. 3.

  20. Enseigner l'intonation: L'ordinateur a la rescousse (Teaching Intonation: The Computer to the Rescue).

    Canto-Knoerr, Helene


    A discussion of intonation instruction in second-language teaching looks at the role, objectives, and scope of such instruction; the tools teachers need to accomplish it (background in theory, practical guidelines, a method, appropriate research, and equipment); and the need for and possible design of related software. (MSE)

  1. 2235-IJBCS-Article-Rachelle Ida Yapo


    ci, Tel :(+225) 02 48 60 21. ... Les résultats des analyses physico-chimiques montrent que les eaux sont légèrement acides et faiblement minéralisées avec des valeurs de .... d'injecteur de 280 °C. Le gaz vecteur était l'hélium de haute pureté ...

  2. The 1996 IDA Cost Research Symposium.


    5160 Christopher Deegan (703)602-6575 Performer: Naval Surface Warfare Center (211) Carderock Division, NSWC/CD Bethesda, Maryland 20084-5000...Moore (703) 602-0330, ext 208 Cost Engineering Research, Inc. 2011 Crystal Drive Arlington, VA 22202-3717 Bill Hugo Bob Craig Classification...Director, Force and Infrastructure Cost Analysis Division OD (PA&E) Room 2D278, The Pentagon Washington, DC 20301 Dr. Craig College LMI John Wallace

  3. Pro Kapital sihib ida suunas / Raigo Neudorf

    Neudorf, Raigo


    Peamiselt itaallastele kuuluv kinnisvaraarendaja Pro Kapital Group suunab edaspidi oma põhitegevuse Venemaale ja Ukrainasse, kuid jätkab kinnisvaraprojektide arendamisega Eestis ja Lätis. Vt. samas: Preatoni juhib Domina tegevust; Pro Kapital laiendab Kristiine keskust; Arco Vara juht kiidab Pro Kapitali ning nende projekte; Kümme aastat Pro Kapitali juhina

  4. IDA: An Intelligent Data Access Program

    Sagalowicz, Daniel


    .... The first component of LADDER is INLAND (Informal Natural Language Access to Navy Data), which allows the user to ask questions in English about information contained in databases similar to those currently...

  5. The 1997 IDA Cost Research Symposium.


    AMCOS) CEAC-3 ACEIT /ACDB CEAC-4 Communications and Electronics Cost Model/Methodology CEAC-5 Operating and Support Management Information System...AFCAA-40 ACDB Upgrades (FY 98) AFCAA-41 ACEIT Upgrades (FY 97 and out) Air Force Materiel Command/Aeronautical Systems Center ASC/FMC-1 Acquisition...Civilian Manpower Reduction Model. The Cost Factor Handbook will be linked to ACEIT to improve cost analysts access to the data. Unclassified US

  6. Lammutamine - Ida Virumaa linnade sundseis = Snos - võnuzhdennoje sostojanije gorodov Ida-Virumaa / Samuel Golomb

    Golomb, Samuel, 1957-


    Samal ajal kui Rakveres ja Jõhvis on kerkimas kinnisvara hinnad, muretsevad Kohtla-Järve, Kiviõli ja Püssi linnavõimud vanade ning tühjaksjäänud elamute lammutamise pärast. Koos lammutustöödega on Kiviõli linnavõimud tellinud uue kesklinna planeeringu

  7. Lotte lasteaed : Ida 8, Tartu = Lotte Nursery School : Ida 8, Tartu / Margit Mutso

    Mutso, Margit, 1966-


    Lasteaiast, mille arhitektid on Indrek Peil ja Siiri Vallner (pälvisid riigi kultuuripreemia, Kavakava), sisearhitektid Tea Tammelaan, Malle Jürgenson, Krista Lepland (pälvisid EK arhitektuuri sihtkapitali aastapreemia 2008) ja Sirli Ehari (Laika, Belka & Strelka), maastikuarhitekt Anna-Liisa Unt. Žürii hinnang lasteaiale

  8. Médicos residentes podem realizar com segurança e eficiência técnicas de Milligan-Morgan, Ferguson e grampeadores no tratamento cirúrgico das hemorróidas? Can residents safely and efficiently perform Milligan-Morgan, Ferguson and stapled hemorrhoidopexy?

    Sérgio Carlos Nahas


    Full Text Available RACIONAL: A cirurgia para hemorróidas sintomáticas é necessária em quase 10% dos pacientes. Embora, a literatura sobre o tratamento cirúrgico da doença hemorroidária seja muito grande, os dados relativos à hemorroidectomia ou hemorroidopexia realizadas por residentes de treinamento é limitado. OBJETIVO: Analisar os resultados destes procedimentos em uma instituição de ensino. MÉTODOS: Foram analisados retrospectivamente os dados de todos os pacientes que se submeteram ao tratamento cirúrgico para hemorróidas entre1995 e 2007 em uma única instituição. Residentes supervisionados realizaram todos os procedimentos. As técnicas foram comparadas com base no tempo operatório, permanência hospitalar, morbidade e eficácia a longo prazo. RESULTADOS: Trezentos e trinta e três pacientes foram incluídos no estudo, 182 homens (54,6%, com idade média de 45,3 anos (± 12,02. Hemorróidas de terceiro grau foram a principal indicação (81,7%. Milligan-Morgan foi o procedimento mais comumente realizado (57%, seguido por Ferguson e hemorroidopexia grampeada. A média de tempo operatório foi significativamente menor no grupo hemorroidopexia grampeada quando comparado com os procedimentos abertos e fechados: 49,4 ± 29,3 min vs 61,1 ± 26,5 e 67,1 ± 28,3, respectivamente (p=0,0034. Não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa entre os grupos quanto às complicações pós-operatórias ou à taxa de reoperação. O tempo de internação foi significativamente maior no grupo Milligan-Morgan quando comparado com Ferguson e grampeamento (1,41 ± 0,86 dias vs 1,19 ± 0,43 vs 1,16 ± 0,37, respectivamente. Recorrência sintomática, taxas de reoperação e o uso de ligadura elástica foram semelhantes entre os grupos. CONCLUSÃO: Os residentes sob supervisão pode executar Milligan-Morgan, Ferguson e grampeamento hemorroidário com baixa incidência de complicações e bons resultados a longo prazo. O grampeamento foi associado com menor

  9. New molecular and morphological data for opecoelid digeneans in two Mediterranean sparid fishes with descriptions of Macvicaria gibsoni n. sp and M-crassigula (Linton, 1910) (sensu stricto)

    Rima, M.; Marzoug, D.; Pérez-del-Olmo, A.; Kostadinova, Aneta; Bouderbala, M.; Georgieva, Simona


    Roč. 94, č. 7 (2017), s. 739-763 ISSN 0165-5752 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GBP505/12/G112 Institutional support: RVO:60077344 Keywords : phylogenetic analysis * Plagioporus stafford * sequence alignment * life-cycle * Trematoda Subject RIV: EG - Zoology OBOR OECD: Zoology Impact factor: 1.181, year: 2016

  10. New data on the morphology of Iheringascaris inquies (Linton, 1901) (Nematoda: Anisakidae), a specific parasite of the marine fish Rachycentron canadum (Linnaeus), as revealed by SEM

    Moravec, František; Yost, J.; de Buron, I.


    Roč. 59, č. 4 (2012), s. 315-318 ISSN 0015-5683 R&D Projects: GA ČR GBP505/12/G112 Institutional support: RVO:60077344 Keywords : fish host * marine fish * morphology * North America * parasitic nematode Subject RIV: EA - Cell Biology Impact factor: 2.515, year: 2012

  11. Lew Kopelew - der Schriftsteller und Wissenschaftler, der Freund der Menschen und Verfechter ihrer Grundrechte

    Keller, Werner


    Unsere Erwartung war anders als sonst – freudig, doch nicht frei von Erregung und leiser Furcht: Wird man im Kreml das gegebene Wort halten und nach einem Jahr die Rückkehr in die russische Heimat erlauben? Als Gast Heinrich Bölls kam Lew Kopelew im November 1980 nach Deutschland. In der Bonner Wohnung des Slawisten Wolfgang Kasack konnte ich mich ihm wenige Tage später vorstellen: Er war groß, von beeindruckender Physiognomie – nicht nur durch den Prophetenbart –, allerdings fast bleich und ...

  12. 2469-IJBCS-Article-Ida Attabé Manney


    subequatorial climate characterized by two rainy seasons, a short ..... Figure 3: Redundancy analysis ordination diagram applied to environmental variables and zooplankton ..... Vertical migrations and feeding rhythms of Acartia clausi and.



    Jul 12, 2017 ... study was to evaluate the importance of the biochemical exploration of the liver function in ... test in Yaoundé central hospital, from November 2015 to February 2016. .... aminotransferase (AST) reflects direct ... Inclusion and exclusion criteria .... recruitment ... relatively lower mean CD4 T cell values than HIV.

  14. User Manual for IDA Reading Guide Website Visitors


    modules. The most important module is called Biblio , which enables the display of bibliographic information. Other modules of special importance are... Biblio : biblio • Apache Solr: • Glossary:

  15. Lähis-Ida võitlus ägeneb


    Iisraeli valitsus otsustas 19. juulil toimunud istungil, et jätkab operatsioone Gaza sektoris ja Liibanonis. Lähis-Itta konflikti lahendama saabunud Euroopa Liidu välisasjade koordinaator Javier Solana kutsus Iisraeli ja Liibanoni äärmusrühmitust Hezbollah vaenutegevust lõpetama

  16. Peaminister lendas Ida-Virus ringi / Argo Soolep

    Soolep, Argo, 1972-


    Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje, 17. apr. 2004, lk. 1. Peaminister Juhan Parts ja siseminister Margus Leivo kohtusid Kohtla-Järve linnapea Jevgeni Solovjoviga ning kontrollisid koos piirivalvetöötajatega Euroopa Liidu idapiiri kordoneid

  17. IDA's Outreach to Asia-Pacific Research Institutions

    Hassig, Kongdan


    .... Asian think tanks have traditionally produced less independent and creative research than their American counterparts, reflecting the fact that most Asian think tanks are government-run and a strong...

  18. Riias peeti Ida-Euroopa dokumentaalfilmide foorumit / Kristiina Davidjants

    Davidjants, Kristiina, 1974-


    10. Läänemeremaade dokumentalistikafoorumi (Baltic Sea Documentary Forum) võistukaitsmisest, kus Euroopa telejaamade ja filmifondide esindajad kuulasid 20 projekti kaitsmist. Eestist osales viis filmiprojekti

  19. Narvski breik - lutshi v Ida-Virumaa / Olga Sokolova

    Sokolova, Olga


    22. apr. toimusid Kohtla-Järvel maakondlikud breiktantsuvõistlused "Eastern session 2006". Parimaks osutusid Narva Laste Loomingu Maja breiktantsutrupp "Exceed limit" (juhendaja Sergei Tshernõshov)

  20. Lähis-Ida juhid jagasid rahulubadusi / Arko Olesk

    Olesk, Arko, 1981-


    Egiptuses Sharm el-Sheikhis kohtunud Palestiina president Mahmoud Abbas ja Iisraeli peaminister Ariel Sharon lubasid lõpetada üle nelja aasta kestnud vägivallalaine. Riigipead vahetasid vaherahutõotusi vaid suusõnaliselt. Lisa: Rahuplaan

  1. Valitsus ei täida oma lubadusi / Andres Varik

    Varik, Andres, 1952-


    2001. aasta riigieelarve eelnõu kriitika. Tabel: Põllumajanduse otsetoetused Eestis 1997-2001. Autor: ERL. Parlamendisaadik. Ilmunud ka: Nädaline 31. okt. lk. 5; Valgamaalane 26. okt., Pärnu Postimees 31. okt.; Hiiu Leht 31. okt. lk. 2; Meie Maa 31. okt. lk. 6

  2. Ida-Euroopa kunstnikud koostöövalmis


    21. II-31. III Tallinna Kunstihoones Viinis ja Budapestis tegutseva galeristi ja kuraatori Hans Knolli koostatud näitus "An artist who does not speak English is not an artist". Osalevad Lucehezar Boyadijev (Sofia), Aleksandr Brener, Barbara Schurz (Moskva, Viin), Rza El-Hassan (Budapest), Kai Kaljo, Roman Ondák (Bratislava), Mladen Stilinovic (Zagreb), Milica Tomic (Belgrad). Avamisel K. Kaljo performance

  3. Nõiajahiga FIEdele riigikassat ei täida / Enn Vatter

    Vatter, Enn


    Kriitika 3. veebr. Äripäevas ilmunud Tarmo Kriisi artiklile, kus viidatakse tööandjate keskliidu ja maksuameti koostöös valminud analüüsile, millest järeldub, et osa FIE-sid tegeleb ettevõtluse asemel maksudest kõrvalehiilimisega

  4. USA toetab Lähis-Ida konfliktides Iisraeli / Neeme Raud

    Raud, Neeme, 1969-


    USA kasutas ÜRO Julgeolekunõukogus vetoõigust resolutsiooni suhtes, milles nõuti Iisraelilt Gaza sektoris toimuvate rünnakute kohest lõpetamist, USA ÜRO suursaadiku John Boltoni sõnul oleks dokumendi vastuvõtmine õõnestanud Julgeolekunõukogu usaldusväärsust



    Jul 12, 2017 ... In HIV / HCV co-infected patients, the first blood sample showed a significant increase of γ-GT ... second prélèvement sanguin avait été fait chez les patients mono-infectés VIH et co-infectés par le ... analyses biochimiques du second prélèvement effectuées après trois mois du premier prélèvement ont.

  6. The 2008 IDA Cost Research Workshop: Contractor Data Reporting Systems


    Consulting Services, Ltd. Mr. Michael Carey, NCCA, (703) 692-4901 Mr. Craig Clark, HVR CSL, 011 44 1420 87977 Ms Mary M. Mertz, NSWC-CD, (301) 227-4012...Services, Ltd Mr. Michael Carey, NCCA, (703) 692-4901 Mr. Craig Clark, HVR CSL, 011 44 1420 87977 Ms Mary M. Mertz, NSWC-CD, (301) 227-4012... Deegan , (202) 781-0959 Size: Professional: 57 Support: 2 Consultants: 0 Subcontractors: 9 collocated or 30 total Focus: O&S Cost Estimating

  7. US politics and World Bank IDA-lending

    Andersen, Thomas Barnebeck; Hansen, Henrik; Markussen, Thomas


    This paper studies the role of US political factors in the allocation of World Bank concessional lending, where US political interests are proxied by voting similarity in the United Nations General Assembly on issues identified as important by the US Department of State. In contrast to previous...

  8. Pööre Lähis-Idas / Toomas Alatalu

    Alatalu, Toomas, 1942-


    Palestiina rühmituste juhid Khaled Meshali ja Mahmud Abbasi jõudsid Mekas Saudi Araabia kuninga Abdullah' peetud läbirääkimistel kokkuleppele, millega lõpetatakse aastaid kestnud vastastikune vaenutsemine

  9. Ida's Story - Be Smart. Be Well. STD Videos

    This video, produced by Be Smart. Be Well., raises awareness of Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs): 1) What are they? 2) Why they matter? and, 3) What can I do about them? Footage courtesy of Be Smart. Be Well., featuring CDC's Dr. John Douglas, Division of Sexually Transmitted Disease Prevention.

  10. IDA Cost Research Symposium Held 25 May 1995.


    Cost System (AMCOS) Data Base, Model CEAC-9 ACEIT /PC-ACDB Training and Support for Army Cost Estimating Requirements CEAC-10 OMA Factors Study...cost and personnel factors. Also developed a more convenient link to ACEIT . [This task appeared in the 1994 catalog as CEAC-8.] Classification...Title: Summary: Classification: Sponsor: Performer: Resources: Schedule: Data Base: Publications: Category: Keywords: ACEIT /PC-ACDB

  11. 32 CFR 701.30 - Initial Denial Authority (IDA).


    ... REGULATIONS AND OFFICIAL RECORDS AVAILABILITY OF DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY RECORDS AND PUBLICATION OF DEPARTMENT... categories of records exempt from mandatory disclosure; to deny a fee category claim by a requester; to deny... for waiver or reduction of fees when the information sought relates to matters within their respective...


    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — NIMS Experiment Data Record (EDR) files contain raw data from the Galileo Orbiter Near-Infrared Mapping Spectrometer (CARLSONETAL1992). This raw data requires...

  13. Ida's Story - Be Smart. Be Well. STD Videos


    This video, produced by Be Smart. Be Well., raises awareness of Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs): 1) What are they? 2) Why they matter? and, 3) What can I do about them? Footage courtesy of Be Smart. Be Well., featuring CDC's Dr. John Douglas, Division of Sexually Transmitted Disease Prevention.  Created: 3/15/2010 by National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention (NCHHSTP).   Date Released: 3/15/2010.

  14. Ida-igatsuse põhjapiir / Raivo Paltser

    Paltser, Raivo


    Hiina traditsiooni järgija R. Paltseri nägemus Lääne inimese ihalusest Vana-Hiina kultuuri järele, kung-fust. Toodud mõningaid näiteid Soome ja Hiina mütoloogiat ühendavast fantaasiafilmist "Igavese armastuse sõdalane - Jade Warrior"

  15. CO₂-st on saanud oluline strateegiliste äriotsuste mõjutaja / interv. Axel Threfall


    Ilmunud ka: Finansovõi Menedzhment : infovõpusk juuli nr. 26 lk. 10-13. Euroopa Liidu saastekaubanduse, saastekvootide hinna ja prognoosimise võimalikkuse üle arutlevad konsultatsioonifirma BeCitizen direktor Philippe Freund, Inteli Euroopa ja Lähis Ida treasury-operatsioonide asedirektor Tamiko Hutchinson ja Ahlstrom Corporationi treasury-operatsioonide direktor Annika Westerholm. Vt samas Lõviosa vabatahtlikest kvoodiostudest teevad erafirmad; Millest sõltub saastekvootide hind?; Lühike heitmekaubanduse sõnastik. Tabel: Eestile 2008-2012 eraldatud saastekvootide jagunemine

  16. Vaccination of mice for research purpose: alum is as effective as and safer than complete Freund adjuvant

    L. Punzi


    Full Text Available Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE is an autoimmune disease involving many organ systems. Glomerulonephritis (GLN is one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality in SLE. It has recently been demonstrated that adjuvants of vaccines could cause the so called ASIA syndrome. The study aimed to assess the effects of Complete Freund’s Adjuvant (CFA vs alum injections in NZB/NZWF1 mice. Mice (n=10 each group were injected with a total volume of 200 μL of: CFA in PBS (group 1, alum in PBS (group 2, PBS (group 3 as controls, PTX3/CFA (group 4, PTX3/alum (group 5, 3 times, 3 weeks apart /given in each injection, three weeks apart from ten weeks of age. Urine samples were collected weekly to evaluate proteinuria. Blood samples were collected before every injection, at 21 weeks of age, and at death to evaluate levels of anti-PTX3 and anti-dsDNA. Proteinuria free survival and survival rates were analyzed by the Kaplan-Meier method using Mantel-Cox’s test for comparisons. CFA-treated mice developed both anti-dsDNA antibodies and proteinuria earlier and at higher levels than alumtreated and PBS-injected mice, starting from 13 weeks of age. Proteinuria free survival rates (proteinuria ≥300 mg/dL and survival rates were lower in CFA-treated mice than those treated with alum or injected with PBS (P<0.001 for all. No difference was observed between the alum-treated group and PBS-injected mice. Notably, groups 4 and 5, immunized with PTX3, developed anti-PTX3 antibodies and no significant difference was observed. Alum seems to be as effective as and safer than CFA as adjuvant, since it did not affect disease progression in immunized NZB/NZWF1 mice.

  17. Vaccination of mice for research purpose: alum is as effective as and safer than complete Freund adjuvant

    L. Punzi; Y. Shoenfeld; B. Bottazzi; M. Gatto; A. Ghirardello; R. Luisetto; N. Bassi; A. Doria


    Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease involving many organ systems. Glomerulonephritis (GLN) is one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality in SLE. It has recently been demonstrated that adjuvants of vaccines could cause the so called ASIA syndrome. The study aimed to assess the effects of Complete Freund’s Adjuvant (CFA) vs alum injections in NZB/NZWF1 mice. Mice (n=10 each group) were injected with a total volume of 200 μL of: CFA in PBS (group 1), alum in PBS (...

  18. Lähis-Ida lennufirma palkab Eestist stjuardesse / Toivo Tänavsuu

    Tänavsuu, Toivo


    Araabia Ühendemiraatide, Bahreini kuningriigi ja Omaani riiklik lennukompanii Gulf Air otsib Eestist neide, kes hakkaksid tööle rahvusvahelistel lendudel. Vt. samas: Uus värbamislaine 6 kuu pärast. Skeem: Gulf Air otsib stjuardesse

  19. Kesk- ja Ida-Euroopa kunstiajaloo "rändseminarid" / Krista Kodres

    Kodres, Krista, 1957-


    USA-s Williamstownis tegutseva Clarki kunstiinstituudi (The Sterling and Francine Clark Art Institute) korraldatud seminaridest aastatel 2010-2012 teemal "Unfolding Narratives: Art Histories in East-Central Europe after 1989"

  20. Demonstration of load rating capabilities through physical load testing : Ida County bridge case study.


    The objective of this work, Pilot Project - Demonstration of Capabilities and Benefits of Bridge Load Rating through Physical Testing, was to demonstrate the capabilities for load testing and rating bridges in Iowa, study the economic benefit of perf...

  1. Cannes loodab häid üllatusi Ida-Euroopast / Annika Koppel

    Koppel, Annika


    Algas 60. Cannes'i filmifestival. Eestit esindav Kadri Kõusaare filmi "Magnus" peaks esilinastuma 18. mail, kui kohtuotsus näitamiskeelu kohta seda ei takista. Pikemalt avafilmist - Wong Kar-Wai "My Blueberry Nights", ka venelase Andrei Zvjagintsevi filmist "Pagendus"

  2. Cholescintigraphy in neonatal jaundice using Tc-99m p-butyl IDA

    Shimono, Reiko; Itoh, Hisao; Mogami, Hiroshi; Iio, Atsushi; Hamamoto, Ken


    Congenital biliary atresia (BA) is fatal but surgically treatable when diagnosed within 60 days after birth. To evaluate the value of cholescintigraphy in the early diagnosis of BA, 14 babies with neonatal jaundice, ranging in age from 17 to 126 days, underwent cholescintigraphic examinations using Tc-99m N-(p-butylphenylcarbamoyl-methyl) iminodiacetic acid. Cholescintigrams were interpreted as positive or negative for intestinal RI clearance by two independent radiologists. The intensity of pulmonary radioactivity was compared with cardiac-blood-pool radioactivity on a scale of 1 - 4, and expressed as hepatocyte clearance index. Interobserver variations were not observed. Biliary and intestinal clearance was negative in all 7 patients with surgically proven BA. Among 7 others with neonatal hepatitis, intestinal clearance was positive in three, and negative in the other four. The sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of cholescintigraphy in diagnosing BA were 100 %, 43 %, and 71 %, respectively. Mean hepatic clearance index, examined on 13 scintigrams, was higher in patients with BA than those with neonatal hepatitis (3.3 vs 2.6). (Namekawa, K.)

  3. Documenting and Improving the Hourly Wage Measure in the Danish IDA Database

    Lund, Christian Giødesen; Vejlin, Rune Majlund

    find four puzzles. 1) The wages of part-timers fall steeply from 1992 to 1993, 2) the wages of full-timers fall from 2003 to 2004, 3) the level of the part-timer wages is around 12.5% higher than it should be, and 4) the wages of new hires fall steeply from the first year of employment to the second...... year. We analyse these puzzles in depth and solve almost all of them. Finally, we propose a new hourly wage measure that incorporates all the solutions and we show that it performs much better....

  4. Beware of Imitators: Al-Qa’ida through the Lens of its Confidential Secretary


    describe al-Qa`ida’s ideology are distortions which follow typologies devised by the West.45 He rejects all labels, such as “Wahhabis,” “salafi...political or economic target, resulting in the death of 19 people: 14 German tourists ; a French citizen; and four Tunisians.74 In addition, Harun lists...decision-making. He disagrees with the attacks against tourists in July 2007,99 deeming them to be fruitless in so far as serving the causes of the umma

  5. Sõda ja rahu Lähis-Idas seestpoolt vaadatuna / Erkki Bahovski

    Bahovski, Erkki, 1970-


    Rets. rmt.: Efraim Halevy. Man in the shadows. Inside the Middle East crisis with a man who led the Mossad. Weidenfeld&Nicolson : London, 2006. Iisraeli luure Mossadi kunagise juhi raamat Iisraeli diplomaatiast. Lisa: Raamat

  6. How Terrorist Groups End: Lessons for Countering al Qa’ida


    Soda tribe recently helped U.S. forces find IEDs [improvised explosive devices] that had been planted by their own tribesmen, and they have...necessary “preventive medicine ” to thwart Soviet inroads.34 Komer argued that the police were in regular contact with the popula- tion; could serve...PO Kosovo Liberation Army (Macedonia, Serbia, Montenegro ) 1992–1999 10,000s LM PF N TC V Ku Klux Klan (U.S.) 1866– 1,000s H F RW SR — Kuki Liberation

  7. An Economic Analysis of the Financial Records of al-Qa’ida in Iraq


    August 2000, pp. 755–789. 19 Florencio Irabarren, “ETA: Estrategia Organizative y Actuaciones, 1978–1992,” Bilbao, Spain: Universidad del Pais...Nonobservance of a Performance Criterion,” Washington, D.C., February 23, 2007. Irabarren, Florencio, “ETA: Estrategia Organizative y Actuaciones, 1978–1992

  8. An intelligent diagnostic aid (ida) based upon the simulated and operational experience

    Zuenkov, M.; Poletykin, A.; Marsiletti, M.


    A diagnostic system has been developed addressed to timely trouble shooting in process plants during all operational modes. The theory of this diagnostic system is related with the usage of learning methods for automatic generation of knowledge bases. This approach enables the conversion of 'cause to effect' relations into 'effect to possible causes' ones. As applied to technical diagnosis, this allows one to generate troubleshooting rules of the kind 'symptoms to possible diagnosis' through 'failure to symptoms' relations. The problem of diagnostic rule generation is, thus, reduced to obtaining samples of the symptoms, that is the well known problem of failure modelling. The diagnostic rules are derived from the operation of a simulator according to the following procedure: (a) identification of all initiating events and of the corresponding operational modes; (b) simulation of all the selected transients for a time sufficient to identify the uniqueness of the plant response under each of the initiating event; (c) automatic generation of the set of diagnostic rules that, through the use of temporal logic and a filtering Expert System, associate the evolution of the process parameters and their derivatives to the initial perturbation. The plant model running under the simulator is built-up by means of the LEGO code. The LEGO code is a modular package developed at the Research and Development Department of the Italian National Electricity Board (CRA-ENEL) to facilitate modelling of the dynamics of fossil-fuelled and nuclear power plants. The LEGO code consists of a library of pre-programmed, pre-tested and pre-validated modules, that represent power plant components and a master program which allows the user to build-up a model by automatically interconnecting the modules in the arrangement determined by the modeler. The reference plant is Sampierdarena power station, that is a combined cycle plant dedicated to produce both electrical and heat power. The following types of failures can be detected: leakages, cut off or deterioration of the characteristics of flow/pressure sources, pipeline fluid conductance disturbances, excessive passage of the medium through pipelines, defects of control systems of auxiliary mechanisms, sensor defects, damage of equipment elements. The identification of malfunctions is performed through the use of the fuzzy set logic algorithms. The hardware configuration of the prototype system is made up of a network of a Hewlett-Packard workstation and a Digital VAX-Station. The diagnosable failure were 41 items of the following types: partial reduction of pipes hydraulic resistance, increased pipes hydraulic resistance, 'on-off' behaviour of flowrate variables, pump switch off, tank leaks. The paper reports the theoretical background on which MA is based, as well as a rationale of such approach for diagnostic and some evidence of its effectiveness through an application to Sampierdarena 40 MW cogeneration plant. Finally an outline of an ongoing application to a VVER-1000 plant simulator will be given. (author)

  9. Eesti on Ida-Euroopa kõige vähem korrumpeerunud riik


    Transparency Internationali koostatava korruptsioonitajumise indeksi alusel on maailma kõige korrumpeerunum riik Somaalia ja kõige korruptsioonivabam riik Uus-Meremaa, Eesti on riikide järjestuses 27. kohal. Graafikud

  10. Harmony and Disharmony: Exploiting al-Qa’ida’s Organizational Vulnerabilities


    personal, teleological , theoretical, strategic, and tactical.65 The movement in Syria suffered from all of these to one degree or another, but the...focus on denying jihadis the operational space they seek; pitting groups, ideologues and even propagandists against one another; encouraging parochial

  11. Self-Inflicted Wounds: Debates and Divisions within al-Qa’ida and its Periphery


    Genetics : The Afghan Origins  Al‐Qa’ida’s current efforts to unify disparate Islamist groups and struggles into a global  conflict against the so‐called...upon.    The site has a special page dedicated to the Shi’a under the  rubric  of “sects  and  schools,”  a  section  that  is modeled  on

  12. Riia linnaarheoloogia ida ja lääne vahel / Erki Russow

    Russow, Erki, 1974-


    Arvustus: The Hansa town Riga as mediator between East and West : proceedings of an international scientific conference dedicated to 70 years of archaeological research in Riga held in Riga, Latvia, on 23-25 September 2008 / edited by Andris Caune and Ieva Ose. Riga : Institute of the History of Latvia Publishers, 2009

  13. Pöffi filme näeb ka Ida-Virumaal


    Avatakse IX Pimedate Ööde Filmifestivali põhiprogramm, millest osa linastub ka Jõhvis ja Narvas. Lisatud PÖFFi programm Narva kultuurikeskuses Rugodiv ja dokumentaalfilmi "Sügavas kurgus" tutvustus : režissöörid Fenton Bailey, Randy Barbato : Ameerika Ühendriigid 2005. Film käsitleb 1972.a. kurikuulsa pornofilmi "Sügav kurk" ("Deep Throat") fenomeni

  14. Eesti valib Lääne ja Ida vahel / David Vseviov

    Vseviov, David, 1949-


    Euroreferendumist. Peamiseks valikuks 14. septembril oli autori hinnangul järeltulijate elukeskkond. Eesti riigi eksistentsiaalseks põhiküsimuseks jääb lähitulevikus riiklik iseolemine, mis pole meie geopoliitilise asendi tõttu võimalik mingisse suuremasse ühendusse kuulumata

  15. "Head, halvad ja elavad" - vestern, mis leiab aset idas / Riho Västrik

    Västrik, Riho, 1965-


    Ksenja Ohhapkina valmivast dokumentaalfilmist Tšetšeenia traditsioonilisest ühiskonnast, nende püüdu murda välja vägivalla suletud ringist. Film valmib Euroopa Liidu Loov Euroopa programmi rahastusel

  16. Diagnosis of clinically unsuspected gallbladder perforation in an obese patient, by Tc-99m IDA cholescintigraphy

    Mesgarzadeh, M.; Haines, J.E.; Bobba, V.R.; Von Dollen, L.E.; Jarboe, G.; Krishnamurthy, G.T.


    A male Pickwickian syndrome patient was admitted to the hospital with sudden onset of abdominal pain. Physical examination was equivocal. Due to patient's ileus and morbid obesity (weight 450 lb), neither TCT scan nor ultrasound was possible. A Tc-99m PIPIDA hepatobiliary imaging study revealed intraperitoneal leakage of radioactive bile with collection of the activity in both abdominal gutters, indicating gallbladder rupture. Prompt surgery confirmed the diagnosis

  17. Fac–mer equilibria of coordinated iminodiacetate (ida ) in ternary Cu ...


    Keywords. Fac–mer equilibria; CuII-iminodiacetate-imidazole/benzimidazole ternary complexes; stability constants. 1. Introduction. Mixed ligand complexes of transition metal ions with amino acids, peptides or their derivatives or analogues, and heterocyclic N-bases can serve as model compounds of bioinorganic interests ...

  18. Kinofestival "Tjomnõje notshi", vozmozhno, bolshe ne prijedjet v Ida-Virumaa / Irina Kiviselg

    Kiviselg, Irina, 1961-


    10. Pimedate Ööde Filmifestivali probleemidest Jõhvis ja Narvas : vähe külastajaid, ebakvaliteetne filmide näitamine (eriti Jõhvi kinos Amadeus, kus oli kohal ka itaalia režissöör Stefano Veneruso). Sellest tulenenud arusaamatused kohalike kinokorraldajate ja festivali juhtide vahel

  19. Desde el cerebro hasta la conducta : un viaje de ida y vuelta

    Espinet-Rubio, Alfredo


    En psicología se han sucedido investigaciones que demuestran la implicación del cerebro en el comportamiento, incluso hasta el punto de impedir que un toro embista. Pero el camino inverso, donde la experiencia es la que condiciona a este órgano, también es posible.

  20. Anneli Remme soovitab : "Peeter!". Ciacinto Scelsi - mees Ida ja Lääne piirilt / Anneli Remme

    Remme, Anneli, 1968-


    21. mail ja 1. juunil etendub Kanuti Gildi saalis tragikoomiline ning ühiskonnakriitiline dokumentaalooper "Peeter!", kus Areeni toimetajad Barbi Pilvre ja Tõnu Kaalep toovad avalikkuse ette tõlgenduse toimetaja Kalev Kesküla ja kirjanduskriitik Peeter Künstleri sõpruse tähelepanuväärsetest omadustest. Vastavaid osi esitavad laval Jaan-Villem Sibul ja Indrek Taalmaa. Eesti värskeima multimeediumi juurde kuulub tants ning Andres Maimiku - Jaak Kilmi filmikaadrid mitmete "avalike loomeinimeste" osalusel. Helilooja Toomas Trass. 30. mail toimub Eesti Muusikaakadeemia orelisaalis loeng-kontsert Scelsi muusikast, esinevad Tarmo Johannes (flöödid ja loeng) ning Vambola Krigul (löökpillid)

  1. The interlaboratory experiment IDA-72 on mass spectrometric isotope dilution analysis. Vol. 1

    Beyrich, W.; Drosselmeyer, E.


    Within the framework of the Safeguards Project of the Federal Republic of Germany at the Nuclear Research Center Karlsruhe an analytical intercomparison program was carried out in cooperation with 22 laboratories of 13 countries or international organizations. The main objective was the acquisition of basic data on the errors involved in the mass spectrometric isotope dilution analysis if it is applied to the determination of uranium and plutonium in diluted active feed solutions of reprocessing plants in routine operation. The results were evaluated by statistical methods mainly in regard to the calculation of the estimates of the variances for the different error components contributing to the total error of this analytical technique. Furthermore, the performance of two new methods for sample conditioning suggested by the International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, and the European Institute for Transuranium Elements (EURATOM), Karlsruhe, was successfully tested. The results of some investigations on the stability of diluted high active feed solutions and on comparison analysis by X-ray fluorescence spectrometry are also included. Data on the analytical efforts (manhours) invested in this study are reported as well as general experiences made in the organization and performance of an experiment on such an extended international level. (orig.) [de

  2. Proceedings of the Second IDA-CIISS Workshop: Common Security Challenges and Defense Personnel Costs


    providing 62 significant levels of aid as part of a larger economic development plan that will free a continent currently in bondage to the...increasing the assistance to Africa with the scale doubled, remitting debt owed by heavily indebted poor countries and the least developed countries in

  3. A Persistent Threat: The Evolution of al Qa’ida and Other Salafi Jihadists


    Thomas Joscelyn at the Founda- tion for Defense of Democracies, and William McCants at the Brook- ings Institution. Numerous individuals in the U.S...4, November 2010, pp. 1459–1510. 29 Abrahms, “Why Terrorism Does Not Work,” 2006, pp. 52–56; Jason Lyall and Isaiah Wilson, “Rage Against the...Set, accessed December 16, 2013. 58 Ibid. 59 Thomas Hegghammer, “The Recruiter’s Dilemma: Signaling and Rebel Recruitment Tac- tics,” Journal of

  4. Dysfunction and Decline: Lessons Learned from Inside Al-Qa’ida in Iraq


    jihadists that became AQI—offering little more than its reputation and  brand  name.   The lessons of AQI’s failure are only partially applicable elsewhere...dear brother and hero mujahid who  engaged  in battle fields. I am happy  because he will be rewarded for the good deeds he has done… we have no...story to the rest of the world. This was critical in the 1980s jihad in  Afghanistan. In lieu of local  storytellers , jihadists such as Usama bin Ladin

  5. Islas de ida y vuelta. Canarias y El Caribe en contexto colonial

    Ortiz García, Carmen


    Full Text Available On the presupposition that the conquest of the Canary Islands set the colonial stage for the later Spanish enterprises in the Americas, the author discusses a number of elements of identity shared by the islands of both the eastern Atlantic and the Caribbean. Sugar, the slave trade and the raising of bananas, cochineal and tobacco are the instances chosen for this comparative analysis. In addition, the author makes a reference to the legends of the apparition of the Virgin of Charity at El Cobre, in Cuba, and of Candlemas in Tenerife.

    Partiendo de la idea de que la conquista de las Islas Canarias fue el primer ensayo colonial de lo que luego desarrollarían los españoles en América, se examinan algunos elementos de identidad entre el mundo isleño atlántico y caribeño, producidos precisamente por esa situación inicial de dominio colonial. El azúcar, la trata de esclavos, los cultivos de plátano, grana y tabaco son los ejemplos escogidos para este análisis comparado. Finalmente se hace una referencia comparativa de las leyendas de la aparición de la Virgen de la Caridad del Cobre en Cuba y de la Virgen de Candelaria en Tenerife

  6. Application of Incremental Dynamic Analysis (IDA) Method for Studying the Dynamic Behavior of Structures During Earthquakes

    Javanpour, M.; Zarfam, P.


    Prediction of existing buildings’ vulnerability by future earthquakes is one of the most essential topics in structural engineering. Modeling steel structures is a giant step in determining the damage caused by the earthquake, as such structures are increasingly being used in constructions. Hence, two same-order steel structures with two types of structural systems were selected (coaxial moment frames and moment frame). In most cases, a specific structure needs to satisfy several functional l...

  7. Masendav pilguheit Ida-Saksamaa lähiajaloole / Aare Ermel

    Ermel, Aare, 1957-2013


    10. PÖFFi filme: Sakslase Florian Henkel von Donnersmarcki debüütlavastus, äsja parimaks Euroopa filmiks tunnistatud "Teiste elu" ("Das Leben der Anderen"), mehhiklase Guillermo Del Toro "Paani labürint" ("El laberinto del fauno", Mehhiko - Hispaania 2006), itaallase Nanni Moretti "Kaiman" ("The Caiman")

  8. The Serpent in Our Garden: Al-Qa’Ida and The Long War


    directed organization into a worldwide franchiser of terrorist groups and cells.68 They have also selected a comparable lean business model for...Savagery Phase. After defeating Western forces, the mujahidin will establish internal security, ensure the people have the necessary food and supplies...impact upon Americans, as well as a corresponding economic ripple. Terror attacks on our subways , railways, and the airline industry will certainly

  9. Lessons Studies: un viaje de ida y vuelta recreando el aprendizaje comprensivo

    Encarnación SOTO GÓMEZ


    Full Text Available En Las Lesson Study (LS atraen, desde hace unos años, la atención internacional como estrategia de mejora de la enseñanza y el aprendizaje en los centros educativos. ¿Qué son? ¿Cómo se organizan? Suponen un proceso donde los docentes cooperativamente diseñan, desarrollan, observan, analizan y revisan una propuesta didáctica. Una estrategia cíclica donde cada uno/a de los componentes del grupo y de forma rotativa, desarrolla la propuesta y es observado por el grupo. Una propuesta diversa e internacionalmente extendida que asume no solo la mejora del aprendizaje del alumnado sino también la de los maestros y maestras que participan en ella.

  10. Aapo Puki fantastiline menu nii idas kui läänes / Ivo Parbus

    Parbus, Ivo, 1959-


    New Yorgi kunstikeskus Art Renewal Center valis 2003. a. konkursil auhinna Honorable Mention laureaadiks Aapo Puki õlimaaliga "Natalja Sigarimajas". Suurbritannia Kuninglik Portreemaalijate Ühing eksponeerib maali oma aastanäitusel

  11. Kujuteldavad maastikud : Ida-Baltikum ja 13. sajandi Euroopa kultuuriline geograafia / Marek Tamm

    Tamm, Marek, 1973-


    Vajadusest tekstilise kaardistamise kaudu ühendada Eesti- ja Liivimaa läänekristlikus Euroopas käibiva geograafilise diskursusega ning selleks kasutatud retoorilistest ja narratiivsetest võtetest

  12. IDA world congress on desalination and water reuse, october 6-9, 1997, Madrid

    International desalination association


    The books contain the Congress on Desalination and water reuse held in Madrid during October 1997. The five volumen present the following scopes. 1.- Fresh water world and Regional prospective 2.- Membrane desalination design 3. -Evaporative desalination operational experience 4.- Potable water reuse 5.- Plant automation design and experience 6.- Materials and corrosion research 7.- Chemistry and pretreatment. 8.- Research and development review 9.- Water treatment and potabilitation

  13. Training of U.S. Air Traffic Controllers. (IDA Report No. R-206).

    Henry, James H.; And Others

    The report reviews the evolution of existing national programs for air traffic controller training, estimates the number of persons requiring developmental and supplementary training, examines present controller selection and training programs, investigates performance measurement methods, considers standardization and quality control, discusses…

  14. 2002 IDA Cost Research Symposium: Estimating the Costs of Transforming U.S. Military Forces


    Missile Database Improvements • ACEIT Enhancements VIII-5 6I n t e g r i t y - S e r v i c e - E x c e l l e n c e Capability to • Expand CERs • Create interface to download to CO$STAT for CER development • Extract CERs and move them into ACEIT • Supports: Conventional...Cost Model MDA–5 Integrating MDA Cost Risk Model with ACEIT MDA–6 Target Common Cost Model MDA–7 Deployable Optics Development and Manufacturing MDA

  15. 2003 IDA Cost Research Symposium: Cost of Evolutionary Acquisition/Spiral Development


    Management DASA(C&E)–2 ACEIT Help-Desk/Training DASA(C&E)–3 ACEIT Enhancements DASA(C&E)–4 Command, Control, Communications, Computers, Intelligence...Development DASA(C&E)–9 Standard Variable IDs for use in ACEIT DASA(C&E)–10 Tri-Service Missile and Smart Munitions Database Bluebook Update DASA(C&E...Data Collection, Database, Computer Model DASA-CE–2 Title: ACEIT Help-Desk/Training Summary: This project funds the Army dial up support for

  16. IDA 2004 Cost Research Symposium: Investments in, Use of, and Management of Cost Research


    E co no m ic s) 12% 7% 6% 3% 26% 4% 5% 6% 27% 4% ACDB/Cost Research ACEIT Commercial Parametric Software FCS Support Cost Management (e.g., ACEIT , OSMIS) is centralized at ODASA-CE • Licensing of commercial cost tools for Army centralized • Semi-formal process – ODASA-CE...os t & E co no m ic s) Current Research Initiatives (continued) • ACEIT – Enhancements • Major upgrade to COTS calculation/narrative engine

  17. Poliitik: vajame Lähis-Ida gaasi / Jerzy Buzek ; intervjueerinud Jan Jõgis-Laats

    Buzek, Jerzy, 1940-


    Poola endise peaministri sõnul on vaja energiaühendust Poola ja Leedu vahel, arutada tuleks projekte, nagu Baltimaade ja Poola kaudu Euroopasse suunduv gaasitorustik Amber, samuti lõunapoolseid gaasiühendusi. Poola peab läbirääkimisi veeldatud gaasi saamiseks ning hakkab seejärel rajama sadamat

  18. An Ethnobotanical Study of Medicinal Plants of the Agadir Ida Ou ...



    Dec 29, 2014 ... Agriculture, handicrafts, commerce, and small business establish ... characteristics of informants, diversity of medicinal plants used ..... preparations are made with water as a solvent. ... of Granada province (southern Spain):.

  19. Faith-Based Diplomacy: A Pathway to Marginalizing Al-Qa’ida


    contrast to the Islamist governments 12 that have risen to power since early 2011. The Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt , for example, has advocated a more...Zarqawi who had been misbehaving, and he says, brother, we notice from afar X, Y, and Z is happening. Based on our experience in Egypt and around the...theory: “Al Qaeda is not a traditional hierarchical organization, with a pyramid -style organizational structure, and it does not exercise full command

  20. "Külm sõda" Ida-Aasias / Märt Läänemets

    Läänemets, Märt, 1962-


    Ameerika Ühendriikide "jätkusõda" Aasia-Vaikse ookeani poliitilises ruumis, kus peavastaseks ambitsioonikas Euraasia kommunistlik suurvõim Hiina. Kommunistlik diktatuuririik Hiina Taiwani-poliitika, relvamüügi embargo tühistamise nõudmisest. Vt. samas: Hiina relvastushanked Venemaalt

  1. 45 CFR 263.20 - What definitions apply to Individual Development Accounts (IDAs)?


    ... Carl D. Perkins Vocational and Applied Technology Education Act (20 U.S.C. 2471(4)) that is in any... in any Federal means-tested programs. Post-secondary educational expenses means a student's tuition and fees required for the enrollment or attendance at an eligible educational institution, and...

  2. Freunde führen einander – Der kommunalpolitische Dialog mit dem „Islam“ im Modus einer Gouvernementalität der Freundschaft

    J. Winkler


    Full Text Available Drawing on Foucault's notion of governmentality and on ethnographic fieldwork in a German city, this paper addresses practices of governing Muslims and Islam at the level of local politics. It conceptualises these practices as a governing through friendship, that is, a type of liberal conduct-of-conduct that focuses on trust-building and practised togetherness. The paper analyses techniques of governance and processes of subjectivation, putting an emphasis on how emotionality becomes integrated into governmental practices. I show how governing through friendship unfolds in the spatio-political context of a local dialogue with Islam, how the latter is linked to the interfaith paradigm and thus becomes a religiously-sensitive, post-secular political technology in which religious sensibilities are becoming elements of governmentality.

  3. The origins of radiotherapy : Discovery of biological effects of X-rays by Freund in 1897, Kienbock's crucial experiments in 1900, and still it is the dose

    Widder, Joachim

    The discovery of X-rays by Wilhelm Conrad Rontgen (1845-1923) was triggered by pursuing an anomalous phenomenon: arousal of fluorescence at a distance from tubes in which cathode rays were elicited, a phenomenon which suggested the existence of a new kind of ray other than cathode rays. The

  4. Anti-inflammatory Activity of Ethanol Extract of Beluntas Leaves (Pluchea indica L. on Complete Freund's Adjuvant-induced Inflammatory Model

    Reza Setiawan Sudirman


    Full Text Available A research about anti-inflammatory effect of Beluntas leaves extract on CFA (Complete Freund’s Adjuvant induced inflammatory model has been conducted. The objective of this research was to determine the effect of Beluntas leaves extract in alleviating CFA-induced paw edema in mice (Mus musculus. The number of mice used was 15 and was divided into 5 groups. Group I was treated with NaCMC. Group II, III, and IV were given suspension of Beluntas leaves extract 100 mg/Kg, 300 mg/Kg, and 500 mg/Kg BW, respectively. Group V was a positive control treated with suspension of diclofenac sodium 0.1 ml/10 g orally. The determination of anti-inflammatory potency was based on the average time needed to ameliorate the edema volume. The shortest  time period of edema reduction was produced by diclofenac sodium (within 9.33 days, then followed by Beluntas leaves extract with the concentration of 300 mg/Kg (within 12 days, 500 mg/Kg (within 14.33 days, and 100 mg/Kg (within 17.67 days, consecutively. These results are significantly different compared to negative control group which did not reduce the edema volume during 18 days of observation. In conclusion, ethanol extract of Beluntas leaves has an effective anti-inflamatory effect.

  5. Women in Chemistry: Their Changing Roles from Alchemical Times to the Mid-Twentieth Century (by Marelene Rayner-Canham and Geoffrey Rayner-Canham)

    Caserio, Marjorie C.


    such women pursued higher education. The role of women as "chemical assistants" to leading chemists of the day is well illustrated in the lives of du Chatelet, Paulze-Lavoisier, Picardet, and Necker de Saussure. Sadly, all this ended with the French Revolution when the woman intellectual became unacceptable. Chapter 3 focuses on a few exceptional women of the 1800-1900s who succeeded independently in their scientific work in an era when, without access to universities and financial resources, it was almost impossible to function other than as a "chemical assistant". This chapter gives a fascinating account of the life and work of five women, including Elizabeth Fulhame, who is credited with the discovery of photoreduction and the concept of catalysis, and Agnes Pockels, who, without formal education or laboratory facilities, pioneered research in surface films. By the 1850s, access to advanced education for women began in earnest. Chapter 4 tells of this radical change and its ramifications. This most readable account of the cultural conflicts that existed in Europe and the United States over educating women, admitting them to professional societies, and gaining faculty appointments is exemplified in the biographies of four U.S. women (Ellen Swallow Richards, Rachel Lloyd, Laura Linton, Ida Freund) and two Russian women (Yulya Lermontova and Vera Bogdanovskaia). Much of the content of the book resides in the remaining chapters (5-10) and covers 20th century science through 1950. The titles, Women in: Crystallography (Chapter 5), Radioactivity (Chapter 6), Biochemistry (Chapter 7), Industrial Chemistry (Chapter 8), Analytical, Education and History (Chapter 9), suggest that women favored some areas of chemistry over others. Why did they tend to congregate in certain fields? The authors give cogent reasons why this was so. They observe that, in developing fields, there was initially a collegiality among colleagues and the support of senior mentors that established a

  6. About some trematodes parasites of Haemulon sciurus (Shaw, 1803

    A. Kohn


    Full Text Available From September, 1980 to August, 1981 forty specimens of Haemulon sciurus from "Praia da Ribeira, Ilha do Governador", Rio de Janeiro State, were examined for parasites. In this paper, parcial results concerning only the collected trematodes are reported: Diplomonorchis leiostomi Hopkins, 1941 (first record in Brazil and in a new host; Lasiotocus beauforti (Hopkins, 1941 Thomas, 1959 (new host record; Genolopa ampullacea Linton, 1910; Parahemiurus merus (Linton, 1910 Yamaguti, 1938 (new host record: Aponurus pyriformis (Linton, 1910 Overstreet, 1973 and Diplangus paxillus Linton, 1910. Figures, measurements and comments of each species are given.De setembro, 1980 a agosto, 1981 foram examinados 40 exemplares de Haemulon sciurus, provenientes da Praia da Ribeira, Ilha do Governador, Estado do Rio de Janeiro. Neste trabalho são apresentados os resultados parciais, correspondentes aos trematodeos, grupo que apresentou maior ocorrência de parasitismo. As especies estudadas foram: Diplomonorchis leiostomi Hopkins, 1941 (primeira ocorrencia no Brasil e em novo hospedeiro; Lasiotocus beauforti (Hopkins, 1941 Thomas, 1959 (em novo hospedeiro; Genolopa ampullacea Linton, 1910; Parahemiurus merus (Linton, 1910 Yamaguti, 1938 (em um novo hospedeiro; Aponurus pyriformis (Linton, 1910 Overstreet, 1973 e Diplangus paxillus Linton, 1910. São apresentadas figuras, medidas e comentários.

  7. Clinical value and diagnostic relevance of 99mTc-diethyl-IODO-IDA (IODIDA) compared to 99mTc-diethyl-IDA (HEPATOBIDA) in patients with increased serum bilirubin

    Spitz, J.; Hildebrandt, H.; Clemenz, N.; Schattenberg, J.; Weigand, H.


    In a combined study 20 patients with diseases of liver parenchyma and/or of the bile duct system were investigated with SOLCO-SCINT-IODIDA and SOLCOSCINT-HEPATOBIDA. Patients with normal serum bilirubin do not show qualitative or quantitative differences in hepatobiliary function parameters. With increasing serum bilirubin (X = 15,4 ng/ml, range 3,9 to 42,6 ng/ml) a markedly increased diagnostic relevance could be shown up for IODIDA. Image contrast between liver and heart is better for IODIDA by a factor 2, and there was never seen any renal activity excretion in IODIDA-studies up to serum bilirubin of 40 mg/dl. In 2/3 of the studies IODIDA provided better clinical results, whereas in 1/3 of the cases both compounds did not show significant differences. In no case HIDA showed better results compared to IODIDA. IODIDA proves to be the radiopharmaceutical of choice for all hepatobiliary function studies. (orig.) [de

  8. Külma sõja piirid Ida-Aasias ajaloolaste pilgu läbi / Jaanika Erne

    Erne, Jaanika, 1967-


    Raamatuülevaade: The Cold War in East Asia 1945–1991. T. Hasegawa (Ed.). Washington D.C.: Woodrow Wilson Center Press 2011, Stanford: Stanford University Press 2011, viii + 340 lk. Külma sõja aegsetest poliitilistest sündmustest

  9. Marina Kaljurand : ka meie vastutame Lähis-Ida kriisi eest / Marina Kaljurand ; interv. Sten A. Hankewitz

    Kaljurand, Marina, 1962-


    Eesti suursaadik Iisraelis Iisraeli ja palestiinlaste konflikti põhjustest, selle mõjust välismaailmale ja prognoosid tulevikuks. Vt. samas: Eesti ja Iisraeli senised suhted; Eesti mineviku probleemi on Iisraelis siiski võimalik seletada

  10. Kesk- ja Ida-Euroopa börsid languses, trend võib jätkuda / Lauri Matsulevitsh

    Matsulevitsh, Lauri


    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti 25. mai lk. 33. Poola, Tšehhi ja Ungari ettevõtteid hõlmava CECE indeksi dünaamika. Diagrammid: Viimased paar kuud on KIE börsidele olnud negatiivne. Vt. samas: Eestlased KIE turgudel aktiivsemad

  11. Maksim Danilov : "Ida-Virus näen rohkem perspektiivi kui Tallinnas." / Maksim Danikov ; interv. Tatjana Lepik

    Danikov, Maksim


    Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje : Subbota 10. juuni lk. 5. Kiviõli aselinnapea kommunaalmajanduse alal oma tööst, linna arengust ja tulevikust. Arvamust avaldavad Kiviõli linnapea Voldemar Trumm ja OÜ Formet Grupp juht Pavel Suslov

  12. Kangelane ja kaabakas: kuulsad kuningad muistse LähisIda ja Kreeka pärimustes / Mait Kõiv

    Kõiv, Mait, 1961-


    Mesopotaamia, Pärsia ja Vana-Kreeka kolmest olulisest dünastiast. Akkadi kuningatest - Sargon'ist ja Naram-Sin'ist, Pärsia kuningatest Kyros'est ja Kambyses'est. Korintose türannidest Kypselos'est ja Periandros'est. Pärimuse tagamaadest: müütidest, propagandast ja reaalsusest. Dünastia rajaja kujutamisest kangelasena ja dünastia viimase esindaja demoniseerimisest

  13. Euroopa ja Hiina pehme tasakaalustumine Ida-Aasia ning Ameerika Ühendriikide suhtes : arvustus / Jaanika Erne

    Erne, Jaanika 1967-


    Arvustus: Nicola Casarini. Remaking Global Order: The Evolution of Europe-China Realtions and its Implications for East Asia and the United States. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010. (Oxford Scholarship Online.) 344 pp

  14. Operative temperature and thermal comfort in the sun - Implementation and verification of a model for IDA ICE

    Karlsen, Line; Grozman, Grigori; Heiselberg, Per Kvols


    of the model is carried out by comparing simulation results with fullscale measurements of a team office located in Oslo (59N10E). The measurements were conducted during mid-March and April 2013. The results indicate that the new MRT model might contribute to considerable improvements in prediction of thermal...... comfort of persons affected by direct solar radiation. This may further have implications on the predicted energy use and design of the façade, since e.g. an enlarged need for local cooling or use of dynamic solar shading might be discovered....

  15. 2009 USGS/NPS Experimental Advanced Airborne Research Lidar (EAARL): Cape Hatteras National Seashore - Post-Nor'easter Ida

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This is a bare-earth data lidar data set that was collected on November 27, 29 and December 1, 2009 along the shoreline of the Cape Hatteras National Seashore in...

  16. Mapping of 137Cs in Ida-Virumaa, June 2005. CGS Area Specific Spectrum Stripping and ESC from soil sampling

    Aage, Helle Karina; Korsbech, Uffe C C

    This report describes some results from a Baltic-Danish exercise with carborne gamma-ray spectrometry (CGS) measurements performed in Estonia in the summer of 2005. The goal was to measure the low level of contamination with 137Cs that still exists as part of the fall-out from the Chernobyl accid...... accident in April 1986. Another goal was to check the sensitivity calibration of the systems from soil sampling by the Estonian Radiation Protection Centre (ERPC)....

  17. CTC Sentinel. Volume 1, Issue 7, June 2008. Al-Qa'ida in Iraq: Lessons from the Mosul Security Operation

    Knights, Michael


    ...%. As the result of leadership targeting and the loss of safe havens, Multinational Force Iraq (MNF-I) spokesman Rear Admiral Patrick Driscoll characterized AQI and other insurgent groups in Mosul as being "off-balance and on the run."

  18. Vene mõjukaim IT-guru soovitab Eesti uuendusi ida poole müüa / Henrik Roonemaa

    Roonemaa, Henrik


    Eestit külastanud Venemaa mõjukamaid IT-gurusid Alexander Galitsky soovitab Eestis välja töötatud ja toimivaid innovaatilisi lahendusi pakkuda Venemaa turule. Alexander Galitsky nõustab Allan Martinsoni investeerimisfirmat Martinson Trigon Venture Partners. Vt. samas: E-riigi Akadeemia aitab firmade saavutused itta

  19. 99m-Tc-IDA scintigraphic demonstrability of biliary elements and liver function tests in hepatobiliary diseases

    Kim, C.Y.; Bahk, Y.W.


    In the present communication, the results will be reported on a clinical study of how well scintigraphic visualization of the hepatobiliary elements and several commonly used clinical liver function tests correlate each other in various diseases of the hepatobiliary system. The demonstrability of the biliary tract, gallblader (GB) and duodenum was rather closely paralleled to serum bilirubin level and less closely to alkaline phosphatase and rather poorly to SGOT and SGPT. The biliary tree could not be visualized scintigraphically when bilirubin exceeded 10 mg/dl

  20. Ida-Viru maavanema koht läheb ilmselt sotsidele / Maria-Elisa Rannajõe

    Rannajõe, Maria-Elisa


    SDE peasekretäri Randel Läntsi sõnul peab maavanema kandidaat olema vastuvõetav nii omavalitsuste juhtidele kui ka valitsusliidule. Põlva maavanema kandidaadiks on nimetatud IRL-i kuuluv Priit Sibul

  1. The Examination of the Corporate Governance System at Supplier Companies: Empirical Evidence from Hungarian Automotive Industry Ercsey Ida

    Ercsey Ida


    Full Text Available Information management and the organizational structure can contribute to the firms’ competitive advantage and business success. In the first part of our study we summarize the results we obtained by analyzing the corporate governance system in connection with the structure of enterprises and their decision making. Then we have an insight into the leadership style of the suppliers from the point of view of the participation of the staff in decision making. In the second part we analyze the information management of the supplier companies on the basis of the answers from the management. We evaluate the strategic and the operational concept of information management, proceeding from the strategy-making activity. The accomplishment of permanent renewal and willingness to innovate are both indispensable for achieving elasticity in organizations. We explore how the suppliers introduce innovation in connection with the firm structure and the information system. Finally, we consider how some essential company characteristics, namely company size, ownership, region, and the width of the product assortment, affect various company functions.

  2. Miks Ida-Euroopa reformidest väsis / Stefan Wagstyl, Christopher Condon ; tõlk. Erik Aru

    Wagstyl, Stefan


    Ungari, Tšehhi, Poola, Slovakkia sisepoliitilisest olukorrast. Autorite sõnul on kõikjal piirkonnas langenud eurotsooniga liitumise kavad poliitika ohvriks; majandusteadlaste väitel jätab Kesk-Euroopa kasutamata võimaluse läbi viia uuendusi, mida peab hiljem niikuinii tegema

  3. Godsdiens, evangelie en religie in die poësie met besondere verwysing na gedigte van Ida Gerhardt

    J. van der Elst


    Full Text Available It is characteristic of this famous poetess that she abhors evangelical poetry. She considers this kind of poetry often to be of poor quality, especially in the light of its explicit purpose to evangelize and convert readers to Christianity, h could be argued that the Dutch poetess Nel Benschop, of whom tens of thousands volumes of poetry are sold, writes such poetry. Despite her abhorrence of evangelical poetry, Gerhardt cannot summarily be regarded as an atheist artist. On the contrary, she may even be called a Christian poetess, but not in the dogmatic sense of the word. The impact of her work transcends the boundaries of Christianity. She often uses Christianity as a frame of reference along with Greek and Latin Classical references to give her poetry universality. To illustrate this I would like to compare her Easter poem ("Pasen" with some Easter poems of minor poets like Nel Benschop and l.L de Villiers. An analysis of the Easter poems shows that Gerhardt’s Easter poem obviously has a Christian framework but its implications are far wider.

  4. Study of a new hepatobiliary radiotracer: sup(99m)Tc diethyl IDA. Its value in the diagnosis of cholestasis

    Roques, J.F.


    This work examines a new means of investigation: Technetium 99 (2,6 diethyl acetanilido) imino-diacetic acid, or HEPATOBIDA, hepatobiliary scintigraphy. A survey of different scintigraphic techniques is necessary. At first the kinetic study of hepatobiliary radiotracers was carried out with multiprobe systems giving quantitative information on the various organs or pools concerned. With the appearance of the scintillation camera it became possible to obtain not only quantitative data but also topographical and morphological information. Since 1976 the derivatives of iminodiacetic acid have been widely adopted, possessing features most closely resembling those of the ideal hepatobiliatropic molecules. Examinations have been performed at the Angers Radioisotopes Service with the diethyl derivative or HEPATOBIDA (Nuclear Solca Lab.) The results recorded in a group of cholestasis patients are studied, with normal data supplied by a set of 8 reference subjects free from hepatobiliary diseases [fr

  5. Protocol for the specialist supervised individualised multifactorial treatment of new clinically diagnosed type 2 diabetes in general practice (IDA)

    Stidsen, Jacob Volmer; Nielsen, Jens Steen; Henriksen, Jan Erik


    INTRODUCTION: We present the protocol for a multifactorial intervention study designed to test whether individualised treatment, based on pathophysiological phenotyping and individualised treatment goals, improves type 2 diabetes (T2D) outcomes. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will conduct a prospective...

  6. Review: Manuela Boatca, Claudia Neudecker & Stefan Rinke (Eds. (2006. Des Fremden Freund, des Fremden Feind: Fremdverstehen in interdisziplinärer Perspektive [The Stranger's Friend, the Stranger's Enemy: Conceiving Foreignness in an Interdisciplinary Perspective

    Claudia Brunner


    Full Text Available This book comprises the papers of a multidisciplinary workshop on the topic of foreignness/strangeness held at the Catholic University of Eichstätt, Germany, in July 2004. Seven authors try to critically question ways of conceiving foreignness instead of understanding or explaining it in the first place, doing so as a means of changing perspectives. The papers deal with the self-evidence of presumed Otherness and with aspects of constructing Otherness that appear to be strange indeed. A lengthy essay written by two of the editors rounds up the collection. The book is theoretically profound and politically ambitious, since both the workshop and the publication of its proceedings have an important aim: to develop an international and transcultural horizon of values for a common political and social agency based on multi- or interdisciplinary debates. The latter are conceived of as not only dealing with the objects of research, but with its subjects and with the multiple proceedings that lie behind the ways of getting to know the Other by constructing it. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0703238

  7. Auf den Spuren des verschollenen Polarforschers Baron Eduard Toll und seines Freundes Hermann Walter auf der Kotelny-Insel / Erki Tammiksaar, Roland Walter, Hans-Otto von Walter... [jt.

    Tammiksaar, Erki, 1969-


    Baltisakslaste koostööst kuulsa vene polaaruurija Dmitri Šparoga seoses baltisaksa polaaruurija Hermann Walteri säilmete ringimatmisega Kotelnõi saarel. Hermann Walter osales Eduard von Tolli Sannikovi maa otsimise ekspeditsioonis. Hermann Walteri põhjalik iseloomustus

  8. Friend of the sun. Mithradham. A foundation for a energy-rich cooperation between Germany and India?; Freund der Sonne. Mithradham. Basis fuer eine energiereiche Zusammenarbeit von Deutschen und Indern?

    Wraneschitz, Heinz


    Mithradham: This is a synonym for a 'fully regenerated training centre' existing for ten years in India, completely exactly in 'Chunangamveli, Aluva, Kochi, Kerala' dialect. Mithradham means 'friend of the sun'. Mithradham is 'fully renewable' both regarding to the origin of energy and regarding to the content of training. And it is still the only establishment of this kind on the subcontinent India.

  9. Regulation of IgE antibody production by serum molecules. I. Serum from complete Freund's adjuvant-immune donors suppresses irradiation-enhanced IgE production in low responder mouse strains

    Tung, A.S.; Chiorazzi, N.; Katz, D.H.


    Exposure of mice to low doses of x irradiation at or near the time of primary immunization with 2,4-dinitrophenyl (DNP)-Ascaris suum extract (ASC) results in substantial enhancement of IgE anti-DNP antibody responses; the IgG antibody responses of such mice do not increase after such manipulations. This selective enhancement of IgE antibody production occurs in mice of both high and low IgE responder phenotype, although the extent of enhancement compared to unmanipulated control animals is more striking in low IgE responder mice. The studies presented here demonstrate that the irradiation-enhanced IgE antibody responses of low responder SJL and C57BL/6 mice as well as of intermediate responder AKR mice can be effectively suppressed by passive transfer of CFA-immune serum obtained from isologous donor mice. Moreover, adoptive secondary IgE antibody responses in SJL recipients of primed syngeneic spleen cells can be totally abolished by passive transfer of CFA-immune serum or ascitic fluid from CFA-immune mice. The suppressive activity of CFA-immune serum can be diminished or eliminated by exposure of CFA-primed donor mice to low dose x irradiation at an appropriate point during the priming regimen, after a single inoculation of CFA, and before collection of serum. Low dose x irradiation was not effective in eliminating suppressive activity of CFA-induced ascites fluid obtained from donor mice inoculated repeatedly with CFA. In contrast to the capacity of CFA-immune serum from isologous donors to suppress irradiation-enhanced IgE responses of low responder mice, similar sera or ascites fluids were ineffective in suppressing irradiation-enhanced responses of high responder BALB/c or (SJL x BALB/c)F 1 hybrid mice

  10. Regulation of IgE antibody production by serum molecules. II. Strain-specificity of the suppressive activity of serum from complete Freund's adjuvant-immune low responder mouse donors

    Katz, D.H.; Tung, A.S.


    IgE antibody production in mice of high and low IgE responder phenotypes, respectively, can be appreciably enhanced in magnitude after low-dose whole-body x irradiation. Such enhanced responses, as well as adoptive secondary IgE responses, can be markedly suppressed by passive transfer of CFA-immune serum in low responder strains, but not in high responder strains. The studies presented here demonstrate that the suppressive activity of CFA-immune serum on IgE antibody production is strain specific. This is true even in reciprocal combinations of low IgE responder SJL and C57BL/6 mice, in which it was shown that serum capable of suppressing mice of the isologous strain was ineffective in diminishing IgE antibody production in the other low responder strain. Absence of suppressive activity in CFA-immune sera obtained from H-2 haplotypes while sharing many similarities in the background genome and, conversely, effective suppressive activity of H-2 congenic donor sera when H-2-identities between donor and recipient mice existed, strongly suggested a role, at least in part, of H-2 genes in dictating the strain specificity of such suppressive activity. Additional experiments provided evidence for a possible role of macrophages in catabolism of the active molecules in CFA-immune sera. These observations, together with those presented in the preceding paper, may provide valuable insight toward successful development of appropriate manipulations that could ultimately convert high IgE responder individuals into low responders

  11. Chemins de fer en mutation dans l'Europe médiane / Antoine Kunth

    Kunth, Antoine


    Kesk- ja Ida-Euroopa raudteestruktuuride arengust sotsialismiperioodist tänapäevani. Reformid ja erastamine. Kesk- ja Ida-Euroopa riikide vahelistest raudteeliinidest. Tabelid. Joonis: Kümme Kesk- ja Ida-Euroopa transpordikoridori.

  12. The influence of bilirubin, alcohol and certain drugs on the kinetics of sup(99m)Tc-diethyl IDA (EHIDA) in humans

    Coenegracht, J.M.; Oei, T.L.; Breda Vriesman, P.J.C. van; Rijksuniversiteit Limburg, Maastricht


    On the basis of the mathematical analysis of sup(99m)Tc-EHIDA hepatobiliary time-activity curves of normal individuals two rate constants, one related to accumulation of radioactivity (uptake) and the other to excretion, were calculated indicating a two-compartmental model. By means of computerized fitting the rate constant of excretion (Ksub(b)), the time of maximum uptake (Tsub(max)) and the rate constant of uptake (Ksub(a)) were calculated. In severely jaundiced patients (serum bilirubin concentrations >140 μmol/l) a markedly decreased or absent uptake of sup(99m)Tc-EHIDA was observed. In moderately jaundiced patients a low Ksub(b) was invariably observed; in obstructive jaundice due to malignant disease - but not in jaundice of benign obstructive or hepatocellular origin - an increase in Ksub(a) was frequently present. This latter finding was not always present, however, and consequently kinetic studies do not unequivocally differentiate between jaundice of obstructive and hepatocellular origin. A markedly increased uptake (a high Ksub(a)) was noticed in alcoholics and patients taking phenobarbital and diphenylhydantoin possibly because of drug-induced membrane alterations. When the alcoholics developed hepatocellular injury the Ksub(a) converted to normal values. Thus, sup(99m)Tc-EHIDA kinetics may be useful in the follow-up of patients with established or suspected alcoholism by virtue of the fact that it appears to be a sensitive monitor of functional changes in hepatocyte plasma membrane properties. (orig.)

  13. Fotogenia literaria en Carreteras secundarias, de Ignacio Martínez de Pisón: un viaje de ida y vuelta

    García-Abad García, M. Teresa


    Full Text Available The cinema, his synthetic character, and the dialogue that it establishes from the origin with other arts as literature, has not stopped offering a wide space of synergies for the adaptation practice and for the study of confluence areas between image and word. New generations of writers and directors propiciate across their work an opening that, beside integrating the expressive resources of the literature and the screen, consider the text as a productive and plural activity, capable of being spread in a stereophony that postpones its meaning in every process of reading, making it coincide with a practice of writing and creation. Ignacio Martinez de Pisón's literature contains sugerent keys to advance in the dialogue between literature and cinema in current Spanish narrative.El cine, su carácter sintético, y el diálogo que desde el origen establece con otras artes como la literatura, no han dejado de ofrecer un espacio amplio de sinergias para la práctica adaptativa y para la reflexión acerca de los ámbitos de confluencia entre la imagen y la palabra. Las generaciones de escritores y de directores más jóvenes propician a través de su obra una apertura que, además de integrar los recursos expresivos de la literatura y la pantalla, considera al texto como una actividad productiva y plural capaz de diseminarse en una estereofonía que aplaza su significado en cada proceso de lectura haciéndolo coincidir con una práctica de escritura y de creación. La literatura de Martínez de Pisón contiene claves sugerentes para desentrañar este diálogo entre literatura y cine en la narrativa española actual.

  14. Lääne- ja Ida-Virumaal satub löögi alla tuhatkond töökohta / Raivo Raigna

    Raigna, Raivo


    Puidu põletamine elektrijaamades on tõstnud ümarpuidu hinda Virumaal kuni 40%, selline kunstlik ja järsk toorme hinnatõus hävitab kahe Virumaa suurtööandja, puitlaastplaatide tootja Repo Vabrikud ja puitmassitehase Estonian Cell konkurentsivõime rahvusvahelistel turgudel ning võib viia sadade töökohtade kaotuseni

  15. Antropoloogid puurivad Ida-Euroopa uusrahvuslust / Juraj Buzalka, Marija Grujić, Tove Höjdestrand ; intervjueerinud Laur Kiik ; tõlkinud Kadri Klaup

    Buzalka, Juraj


    Tallinna Ülikoolis Euroopa Sotsiaalantropoloogide Ühenduse konverentsil arutlusringis "Uusrahvusluse kultuurilised strateegiad ja sotsiaalsed tingimused Euroopas" rääkisid oma uurimistööst Juraj Buzalka Bratislava Comeniuse ülikoolist, Marija Grujić Belgradi kirjanduse ja kunstide instituudist ja Tove Höjdestrand Lundi ülikoolist

  16. Nondestructive Evaluation Technology Working Group Report (IDA/OSD R&M (Institute for Defense Analyses/Office of the Secretary of Defense Reliability and Maintainability Study).


    evalution encom- passes those processes which allow an examination of one or more physical properties of operational hardware without impacting the future...the Inter- mediate Maintenance Activity level and highlights both "success" stories and " horror " stories. The aircraft selected for the R/M study were

  17. Proceedings of the IDA Workshop on Formal Specification and Verification of Ada (Trade Name) (1st) Held in Alexandria, Virginia on 18-20 March 1985.


    on the third day. 5 ADA VERIFICATION WORKSHOP MARCH 18-20, 1985 LIST OF PARTICIPANTS Bernard Abrams ABRAMS@ADA20 Grumman Aerospace Corporation Mail...20301-3081 (202) 694-0211 Mark R. Cornwell CORNWELL @NRL-CSS Code 7590 Naval Research Lab Washington, D.C. 20375 (202) 767-3365 Jeff Facemire FACEMIRE...accompanied by descriptions of their purpose in English, to LUCKHAM@SAIL for annotation. - X-2 DISTRIBUTION LIST FOR M-146 Bernard Abrams ABRAMS@USC-ECLB

  18. Influence of bilirubin, alcohol and certain drugs on the kinetics of sup(99m)Tc-diethyl IDA (EHIDA) in humans

    Coenegracht, J.M.; Oei, T.L.; van Breda Vriesman, P.J.C.


    On the basis of the mathematical analysis of sup(99m)Tc-EHIDA hepatobiliary time-activity curves of normal individuals two rate constants, one related to accumulation of radioactivity (uptake) and the other to excretion, were calculated indicating a two-compartmental model. By means of computerized fitting the rate constant of excretion (Ksub(b)), the time of maximum uptake (Tsub(max)) and the rate constant of uptake (Ksub(a)) were calculated. In severely jaundiced patients (serum bilirubin concentrations >140 a markedly decreased or absent uptake of sup(99m)Tc-EHIDA was observed. In moderately jaundiced patients a low Ksub(b) was invariably observed; in obstructive jaundice due to malignant disease - but not in jaundice of benign obstructive or hepatocellular origin - an increase in Ksub(a) was frequently present. This latter finding was not always present, however, and consequently kinetic studies do not unequivocally differentiate between jaundice of obstructive and hepatocellular origin. A markedly increased uptake (a high Ksub(a)) was noticed in alcoholics and patients taking phenobarbital and diphenylhydantoin possibly because of drug-induced membrane alterations. When the alcoholics developed hepatocellular injury the Ksub(a) converted to normal values. Thus, sup(99m)Tc-EHIDA kinetics may be useful in the follow-up of patients with established or suspected alcoholism by virtue of the fact that it appears to be a sensitive monitor of functional changes in hepatocyte plasma membrane properties.

  19. CTC Sentinel. Volume 1, Issue 7, June 2008. Al-Qa’ida in Iraq: Lessons from the Mosul Security Operation


    and therefore omitted from his media constructed persona . The son of a chicken farmer, Zitouni likely received only rudimentary formal religious...Wahhabi scholar Ibn Jabarayn called for the massacre of the Shi`a in a tape recording broad- cast on the internet . The exact edict is, “The blood of...intra-Muslim distrust and while holding the conference in Mecca, a city where non-Muslims are by law banned. Nevertheless, the recent Iranian and

  20. Electronic health technology for the assessment of physical activity and eating habits in children and adolescents with overweight and obesity IDA.

    Schiel, Ralf; Kaps, Alexander; Bieber, Gerald


    It was the goal of the trial to study the impact of electronic healthcare technology into treatment. One hundred and twenty-four children/adolescents (females 56%, age 13.5±2.8 years, height 1.64±0.13 m, weight 85.4±23.0 kg, body-mass index (BMI) 31.3±5.2 kg/m(2), BMI-standard deviation score (SDS) 2.50±0.5) were included. To assess physical activity and eating habits, a mobile motion sensor integrated into a mobile phone with digital camera was used. The children/adolescents had a significant weight reduction of 7.1±3.0 kg. BMI/BMI-SDS decreased (pchildren/adolescents was higher than the assessment with motion sensors (walking 292.9 vs 45.5 min, pchildren and adolescents. The system is able to augment existing weight reduction and stabilization strategies. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  1. PÖFF võib vähese publiku tõttu Ida-Virumaa hüljata / Irina Kiviselg

    Kiviselg, Irina, 1961-


    10. Pimedate Ööde Filmifestivali probleemidest Jõhvis ja Narvas : vähe külastajaid, ebakvaliteetne filmide näitamine (eriti Jõhvi kinos Amadeus, kus oli kohal ka itaalia režissöör Stefano Veneruso). Sellest tulenenud arusaamatused kohalike kinokorraldajate ja festivali juhtide vahel

  2. CTC Sentinel. Volume 1, Issue 11, October 2008. Field Notes on Iraq’s Tribal Revolt Against Al-Qa’ida


    necessary to ensure the Prophet’s safety, the Prophet and his companions carried weapons to defend themselves, looting helped weaken the Prophet’s...actual, retos y disfunciones del sistema penitenciario,” Athena Intelligence Journal 3:1 (2008). OCTOBeR 2008 . VoL 1 . IssUE 11 “Not only will

  3. Tööjõuvahetus viib teise keskkonda : mida kogesid Ida-Virumaa raamatukoguhoidjad Pärnus ja Rakveres töötades / Ene Riet

    Riet, Ene, 1954-


    Integratsiooni ja Migratsiooni Sihtasutuse Meie Inimesed tööjõuvahetusprogrammis osalenud räägivad oma muljetest. Pärnu Keskraamatukogus töötasid Kohtla-Järve Keskraamatukogu töötajad Tatjana Agafonova ja Alla Rõtova ning vastuvõtjateks ja tugiisikuteks olid Lenna Eliste, Krista Visas ja Heinike Sinijärv. Lääne-Virumaa Keskraamatukogus olid Jõhvi Keskraamatukogu töötajad Natalja Jakovleva ja Tamara Saar, vastu võtsid Leigi Kütt ja Lea Lehtmets

  4. La ficci??n paranoica: lo fant??stico como transgresi??n social en Blanco nocturno y El camino de Ida de Ricardo Piglia

    Fern??ndez Cobo, Raquel


    A excepci??n de La ciudad ausente (1992), las novelas de Ricardo Piglia han sido consideras por la mayor??a de los cr??ticos como realistas. En este trabajo, pretendemos demostrar como el recurso de la metaficci??n, la intertextualidad y el motivo del doble provocan una ruptura con los modos de leer convencionales que permite leer toda su obra desde lo fant??stico. Piglia logra hacer confusas al lector las nociones de realidad y ficci??n provocando la incertidumbre y la paranoia. En sus novel...

  5. LA SILLA DEL GATEPAC: UN VIAJE COLECTIVO DE IDA Y VUELTA / The GATEPAC chair: a collective journey there and back again

    Maria Villanueva Fernández


    Full Text Available RESUMEN Como resultado crítico derivado de la valoración del mueble entre 1880 y 1930, el GATEPAC estableció algunos parámetros definitorios irrenunciables que condicionaban la determinación del mobiliario moderno —honestidad, coherencia y función, principalmente—, y que estaban en consonancia con las ideas defendidas por arquitectos teóricos relevantes del periodo. Respondiendo a estos tres aspectos básicos, el grupo elaboró una caracterización del mueble moderno, el cual, a su juicio, debía ser: simple, ligero, transportable, higiénico y estándar. Conforme a estos aspectos, los arquitectos del GATEPAC desarrollaron desde finales de los años 20 y hasta 1936 un conjunto de sillas estándar que sirvieron como objeto de experimentación de las reflexiones del grupo. Estas piezas sufrieron una evolución desde el mueble de acero hasta el mueble de madera y mimbre —el mueble popular. En este desarrollo permanecieron vigentes los principios alcanzados en la modernidad, pero las formas y materiales fueron transformados. Es en estos últimos aspectos donde ese progreso puede entenderse como una evolución inversa en la que, una vez conseguida la liberación del mobiliario de lo decorativo e inútil, se regresa hacia unas formas y materiales propias del universo popular.

  6. What Does it Take to Be a True Muslim? Implications for Efforts to Counter al-Qa’ida’s Violent Extremist Narrative


    4 Evolution of the AQ Narrative: The Salafist-Jihadist Movement ............................................ 5 Salafism ...extremists with whom AQAA shares its underlying ideology: Salafism . The Salafi movement offers Salafi-Jihadists like AQAA fertile ground planted with...violent extremism (in this case, from non-violent Salafism to Salafi-Jihadism). This paper addresses this issue and surrounding dynamics within the

  7. Coastal Storm Surge Analysis: Modeling System Validation. Report 4: Intermediate Submission No. 2.0


    Hurricane Isabel, Hurricane Ernesto, and Extratropical Storm Ida. Model skill was accessed by quantitative comparison of model output to wind, wave...25. Extratropical Storm Nor’Ida maximum wind speeds. ......................................................... 41  Figure 26. Extratropical Storm ...Nor’Ida wind validation stations. ........................................................ 42  Figure 27. Comparisons of Extratropical Storm Nor’Ida wind

  8. Kommunikatsioonijuht saab aidata arsti ja patsienti / Eda Amur, Anneli Bogens, Svea Talving, Krista Valdvee ; intervjueerinud Küllike Heide


    Meditsiinivaldkonna kommunikatsiooniga seotud küsimuste ja probleemide üle arutlevad nelja haigla kommunikatsioonijuhid: Eda Amur Pärnu haiglast, Anneli Bogens Ida-Viru keskhaiglast, Svea Talving Ida-Tallinna keskhaiglast ning Krista Valdvee Viljandi haiglast

  9. Paha veri / Jan Kaus

    Kaus, Jan, 1971-


    Warren Zimmermanni retsensioonist Michael Ignatieffi raamatule "The Warrior's Honour". Külma sõja loodud "tasakaal" aitas vaigistada Ida-Euroopa etnilisi rahutuskoldeid. Etnilised rahutused Kesk- ja Ida-Euroopa 20. saj. lõpus

  10. Pro god uhhodjashtshii mõ jeshtsho mozhem skazat "neplohhoi". Kak nazovut god sledujushtshii?


    Ida-Virumaa suuremate omavalitsuste juhid Jevgeni Solovjov, Niina Neglasson, Jelena Korshunova ja Mihhail Stalnuhhin ning Ida-Viru maavanem Riho Breivel teevad kokkuvõtteid mööduvast aastast ning heidavad pilgu algavasse aastasse

  11. Maavanem jagas aumärke / Peeter Lilleväli

    Lilleväli, Peeter


    Ida-Virumaa maavanem Rein Aidma jagas nii riiklikke autasusid kui ka Ida-Virumaa teenetemärke. Vastuvõtul viibis ka USA suursaadik Eestis Mellissa Wells. Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje, 27. veebr. 2001, lk. 1

  12. Rein Aidma: "Ma ei lähe riigikogusse tukkuma" / Rein Aidma ; interv. Erik Gamzejev

    Aidma, Rein, 1950-


    Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje : Subbota 15. märts lk. 3. Riigikokku valitud Ida-Viru maavanem Rein Aidma astumisest Reformierakonda, möödunud valimiskampaaniast, Ida-Viru arengut pidurdavatest teguritest

  13. Kliimamuutuste mõju laboratoorium / Andres Tarand

    Tarand, Andres, 1940-


    Segadused Ida-Aafrika riikides, nende põhjused. Tabel: Ida-Aafrika riikide mõned arengunäitajad: Etioopia, Sudaan, Somaali, Burundi, Rwanda, Uganda, Tanzania, Keenia. Autor: Rahvaerakond Mõõdukad. Parlamendisaadik

  14. Second Language Writing Development: A Research Agenda

    Polio, Charlene


    In 1998, Wolfe-Quintero, Inagaki & Kim published a monograph describing measures used in assessing writing development. Despite more recent research on linguistic development (e.g., Bulté & Housen 2012; Verspoor, Schmid & Xu 2012; Connor-Linton & Polio 2014), the volume is still a valuable resource and good starting point for…

  15. Tanel Padar osaleb dokumentaalfilmis / Verni Leivak

    Leivak, Verni, 1966-


    USA plaadi- ja filmitootjafirma "insite" teeb filmi maailma noortest muusikutest "Rock the Planet", kes kommertsile lõivu maksmata hakkama püüavad saada. Üheks tegelaseks on režissöör eales Linton valinud ka Tanel Padari

  16. Synthesis of substituted guanidines using Zn–Al hydrotalcite catalyst

    Zn–Al HT was prepared by co-precipitation method and charac- terized by ... tion of highly functionalized guanidines.4 Linton et al. explained a ..... Pi C, Zhu Z, Weng L, Chen Z and Zhou X 2007 Chem. Commun. ... J P 2000 J. Mater. Chem.

  17. Becoming a Cultural Tourist: Explorations in Caribbean Poetry

    Ware, Tessa


    Starting with the writer's own experience as a reader, this article discusses poetry by Eric Roach, Derek Walcott, Linton Kwesi Johnson, John Agard, Edward Baugh, Michael Smith and Velma Pollard. It explores the sense of place felt by writer and reader, going on to analyse the poets' use of Nation Language, poetic metre and intertextuality in…

  18. "Gorjatshaja desjatka" industrianogo regiona / Jevgeni Ashihmin

    Ashihmin, Jevgeni


    Narva-Jõesuus toimunud ajalehe Äripäev Ida-Virumaa arengukonverentsil anti üle auhinnad edukamatele Ida-Virumaa ettevõtetele. Ajakirja Äripäev Ida-Virumaa TOP-i esikolmikusse kuuluvad Kohtla-Järve ettevõtted AS Nitrofert ja AS Viru Keemia Grupp ning Jõhvis asuv OÜ T.R.Tamme Auto. Ülevaade konverentsist ja Ida-Virumaa maavanema Ago Silde esinemisest

  19. Üks kuningas En-metena raidkiri (En-metena E1.9.5.3.). Kas esimene teadaolev sõprusleping muistses Lähis-Idas? / Vladimir Sazonov

    Sazonov, Vladimir, 1979-


    Üks raidkiri varadünastilise perioodi III perioodist on eriline, kuna nimetab "sõprust" või olemuslikult võimalikku "sõpruspakti" kahe Sumeri valitseja vahel. Tegemist on Lagaši kuninga El-metena raidkirjaga. Esmakordselt on tekst avaldatud eesti keeles. Juttu on sõprusest Lagaši kuninga E-metena ja Uruki vürsti Lugal-kiğine-dudu vahel. En-metena isikust. Sündmuste rekontruktsioonist pärast En-metena surma Lagašis 2340. a. paiku e. Kr. Uruki ja Uri valitsejast Lugal-kiğine-dudu'st

  20. Proceedings of the IDA (Institute for Defense Analyses) Workshop on Formal Specification and Verification of Ada (Trade Name) (2nd) Held in Alexandria, Virginia on July 23-25, 1985.


    2% -N X Mailing Directory U Bernard Abrams ABRAMS@USC-ECLB Grumman Aerospace Corporation Mail Station 001-31T Bethpage, NY 11714 (516) 575-9487 Omar...Aerospace & Comm. Corp. 10440 State Highway 83 Colorado Springs, Colorado 80908 Mark R. Cornwell CORNWELL @NRL-CSS Code 7590 Naval Research Lab Washington...5) Role of the Formal Definition of Ada Bernard Lang, INRIA, no date, 10 pages [6) The Users of a Formal Definition for Ada Bernd Krieg-Brdckner 2

  1. Mendes, Emília & Ida Lucia Machado (éds. 2010. As emoções no discurso (Campinas, São Paulo : Mercado de Letras

    Giani David Silva


    Full Text Available Logos, ethos, pathos : conçue dans le cadre d’une rhétorique de l’argumentation, la triade aristotelicienne reste toujours d’actualité dans l’approche préconisée par les tendances de l’analyse du discours qui ont comme principe de prendre en compte le dispositif d’énonciation dans son ancrage sociohistorique. Le logos, on le sait, se rapporte à la dimension raisonnable de l’argumentation, dimension responsable de la cohérence logique des arguments ; l’ethos correspond à l’image de soi que l’o...

  2. Integrated Systems of Manufacture (Robotics) Technology Working Group Report (IDA/OSD R&M (Institute for Defense Analyses/Office of the Secretary of Defense Reliability and Maintainability) Study)


    readiness. Overall staffing is at 90% of the desired strength and staffing for supervisory noncommissioned offiers is only at 83% of authorized strength ...productionline. throoh helos In the leer Iate a roma Calw the boltincm , whir.f - ThI& achemastic dinam g rommIbe The Yesin. MiII- Wrighs and Milkrs...state has no role to play in the strength . are overeducated for the work to which ion organization. It is easy to write off ening of the industrial


    Jiménez-Prada-de-Miguel, Carolina


    Desde que el GSPC (Groupe salafiste pour la prédication et le combat) adoptó la marca “al Qa'ida” la heterogénea y polifacética organización que hoy conocemos ha evolucionado inmersa en intereses y afinidades estratégicos, mostrando una gran versatilidad que le ha permitido adaptarse a su entorno sociopolítico y expandir su esfera de influencia por todo el norte de África. La Primavera árabe y la intervención francesa en Mali suponen hitos que marcan la progresión de la tend...


    Ricardo Duarte Bajaña


    y la transdisciplinariedad, el pluralismo, la reflexión, la deliberación, el diálogo, elrespeto por la existencia de diferentes grados de libertad, la colectividad y la comprensión del contexto.Contrario a lo que ocurre en el deporte moderno, en el deporte social comunitario la vida se ubicacomo eje central de reflexión y de acción en busca de que los seres humanos desarrollen relacionescomprensivas consigo mismos, con los otros y con el contexto a partir de la deliberación, el diálogo yel desarrollo de la conciencia.


    Ricardo Duarte Bajaña


    La tesis central de esta reflexión teórica consiste en que el deporte social comunitario es un procesodiferente y de más trascendencia que el deporte moderno, en tanto que se fundamenta y operativizaen la construcción colectiva y constante de tejido comunitario y usa como herramienta el deporte ylas transformaciones que hace de él. Este proceso implica dinámicas de reflexión y acción a partir deun análisis desde las categorías bioéticas en torno a las necesidades de las comunidades en donde s...

  6. Del hogar a la ciudad como camino de ida y vuelta en el desarrollo de la identidad: el caso de las rutinas de la infancia urbana de clase media/alta en Madrid

    Marta Morgade Salgado


    Full Text Available Se viene definiendo el hogar como un espacio dinámico (POVEDA et al., 2012, que no forma parte únicamente de lo público o lo privado, los límites entre ambos se vuelven más difusos, ya que los medios digitales ponen al alcance el espacio público dentro del entorno privado. Presentamos un estudio cualitativo de las rutinas y el uso que la infancia hace de los recursos que su entorno les proporciona. Se realizó con 4 menores de entre 9-13 años de 2 distritos de clase alta de Madrid. El análisis muestra cómo reparten su tiempo entre el espacio público y privado, cómo hacen uso de los recursos a tienen acceso y que les proporciona el hogar, y a su vez la familia, ambos ofrecen un amplio acceso al capital económico y cultural (BOURDIEU, 1994, asociado a su clase socioeconómica. (LAREAU, 2002

  7. Gclust Server: 97794 [Gclust Server

    Full Text Available 97794 CEL_B0244.2_25143920 Cluster Sequences Related Sequences(171) 767 ida-1: related to Islet cell Diabete...ida-1: related to Islet cell Diabetes Autoantigen family member (ida-1) Number of Sequences 1 Homologs 1 Clu

  8. Iron-Deficiency Anemia in Infancy and Social Emotional Development in Preschool-Aged Chinese Children

    Chang, S.; Wang, L.; Wang, Y.; Brouwer, I.D.; Kok, F.J.; Lozoff, B.; Chen, C.


    Objective: We aimed to compare affect and behavior of 3 groups of nonanemic 4-year-old children: children with iron-deficiency anemia (IDA) in infancy whose anemia was not corrected before 24 months (chronic IDA) (n = 27); children with IDA in infancy whose anemia was corrected before 24 months

  9. Head (H) And Tail (T) Monoclonal Antibodies of Boar Spermatozoa ...

    Semen collected from three boars were pooled and the sperm cells separated from the semen, washed, sonicated and mixed with equal volume of Freund's adjuvant. The mixture of sperm with complete Freund's adjuvant was used to immunize five mice of the BALB/C strain intraperitoneally on Day O. The sonicated sperm ...

  10. The “world’s largest toad” and other herpetological specimens from southern Suriname

    Reed, Charles A.; Borowsky, Richard


    In this short paper we list the herpetological specimens collected in southern Surinam (Dutch Guiana) by Mr. and Mrs. Rudolf Freund in November and December, 1961, and include ecological notes made by the Freunds at the time. This area is one from which collections are rare, so that distributional

  11. Master’s Students in an Information Studies Program Enter the Program with Excitement and Leave with Concerns about Professional Preparation for their Chosen Fields. A Review of: Cherry, J. M., Duff, W. M., Singh, N., & Freund, L. (2011. Student perceptions of the information professions and their master's program in information studies. Library & Information Science Research, 33(2, 120-131. doi:10.1016/j.lisr.2010.09.004

    Christina E. Carter


    Full Text Available Objective – To assess master’s students’ perceptions of their information studies program with regard to the program’s academic quality and professional preparation as it moved to become an iSchool.Design – Longitudinal survey, employing both quantitative analysis of demographics and closed responses, and thematic analysis of open-ended responses.Setting – University of Toronto, Canada, Faculty of Information, Master of Information Studies (MISt ALA-accredited program.Subjects – Students enrolled in the MISt program from fall 2003 to spring 2007.Methods – Between 2003 and 2007, a self-administered confidential questionnaire was distributed eight times: a short version of the questionnaire to incoming students in the fall term over the four years, and a longer version to the entire MISt student body in the spring term of the four years. Thus, individual students participated in the survey multiple times. Survey questions fell into four categories: program assessment, perceptions on the information professions, career and personal achievements, and demographics. The first questionnaire was mailed in paper form; after that, Web-based questionnaires were used. Quantitative data collected was analyzed using SPSS, version 17, and open-ended responses were examined for recurring themes.Main Results – Across the four years of the survey, researchers obtained about 1,000 completed questionnaires. The response rate was always higher in the fall term than in the spring term, ranging from a high of 67% in fall 2003, to a low of 47% in spring 2007 which seemed to indicate “fatigue” with the study (p. 124. Respondents primarily were interested in the information professions and the majority planned to work in one of them (archives, library systems, or library and information science after graduating. No statistically significant differences relating to the year the survey was completed were found for student perceptions of career prospects or for amount of computer knowledge required. A statistically significant difference was found for perceptions of new students of occupational prestige for archivists and librarians; it increased over the four years. The majority of students surveyed over the four years indicated that: 1 job prospects would grow, 2 required computer knowledge was high and would increase in the next five years, and 3 computer and systems-related tracks garnered higher perceived social status than the archivist and librarian “streams.” Students who had been in the program longer (completing nine or more courses more strongly supported the master’s program’s move to an iSchool with more emphasis on technology and computing, and an increased emphasis on professional work. These students were also less positive about their academic programs than the students who had completed less coursework. Open-ended responses echoed many other studies pointing to social status assigned to library professionals being lower than the opinion of the students themselves.Conclusion – The authors’ longitudinal approach and survey methodology revealed perceptual differences between new and more veteran MISt students at the University of Toronto of their master’s program, and that as students progressed through the program, they felt the need for more professional preparation. Between 2008 and 2010, the authors conducted similar studies regarding the perceptions of students at five other Canadian institutions, and planned to survey students at many other North American graduate library science programs via Web-based questionnaire to compare findings cross-institutionally.

  12. Cathy’s mourning in Emily Brontë’s Wuthering Heights

    J. Albert Myburgh


    Full Text Available In Emily Brontë’s Wuthering Heights, illness and death cause characters to foresee, fear and react to other characters’ deaths. In this article, I explore the significance of Cathy’s anticipatory mourning of, and response to, the eventual actual deaths of her ailing father, Edgar, and her sickly cousin, Linton. Core 19th-century perspectives and fears relating to illness and death are both evident and contested in the representation of Cathy’s anxiety and suffering. I also investigate how Cathy’s grief is exacerbated by and affects the behaviour of other characters, notably Nelly, Linton, Heathcliff, Zillah and Hareton. The depiction of these characters’ responses to Cathy’s misery enriches their portrayal, implying that Cathy’s fear and grief are integral to both the novel’s plot and its character development.

  13. Queries and Views of Programs Using a Relational Database System


    look different but you have changed. I’m looking through you, you’re not the same! - from the song I’m looking through you by the Beatles Seeing...Berkeley, CA 94720 December 1983 Submitted in partial satisfaction of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Computer the Graduate Division of the University of California, Berkeley. Copyright© 1983 by Mark A. Linton Research supported by NSF grant MCS-8010686

  14. Getting the Message Across: An Analysis of Foodborne Outbreak Communications Between Federal, State, and Local Health Agencies


    prevention essentials.13 The umbrella of food safety incorporates many components including laboratory, agriculture, manufacturing , and others.14 All are...Institute of Medicine, “ food defense” is the science and practice of protecting the food supply from malicious or intentional contamination .16...naturally occurring contamination .18 Whereas, Linton offers that “ food protection” can be considered the amalgamation of both food defense and food safety

  15. Symposium on Molecular Spectroscopy (39th) Held in Columbus, Ohio on 11-15 Jun 84.


    02139; R. BACIS, and S. CHURASSY, Laboratoire de Spectrometrie lonique et Moleculaire, Universit Claude Bernard (Lvon 1), 69622 Villeurbanne, France. r...Spectrometrie * lonique et Moleculaire, Universite Claude Bernard -Lyon I, 69622 Villeurbanne, - France; C. LINTON, Department of Physics, University of New...National Bureau of Standards. 3. S. Muenter and W. Klemperer, J. Chem. Phys. 52, 6033 (1970). 20. K. Hindermann and C. D. Cornwell , J. Chem. Ph-ys. 48

  16. Analysis of Recruit Attrition from the Navy’s Delayed Entry Program and Recruit Training Command


    2002, 6. 48 Ibid., 94-97. 49 Robert Balfanz and Nettie Legters, Locating the Dropout Crisis: Which High Schools Produce the Nation’s Dropouts? Where...public assistance than are high 51 Balfanz and Letgers, Locating the Dropout Crisis, 11. 52 Ibid. 53 Ibid. 54 Hammond, Linton...Affairs, and Logistics), 1978. Balfanz , R. and Legters, N., Locating the Dropout Crisis: Which High Schools Produce the Nation’s Dropouts? Where

  17. The hydraulic architecture of conifers

    Uwe G Hacke; Barbara Lachenbruch; Jarmila Pittermann; Stefan Mayr; Jean-Christophe Domec; Paul J. Schulte


    Conifers survive in diverse and sometimes extreme environments (Fig. 2.1a–f). Piñon-juniper communities are found in semi-arid environments, receiving ca. 400 mm of yearly precipitation (Linton et al. 1998), which is less than half the average precipitations received by other coniferous tree species worldwide. Picea mariana and Larix laricina grow in boreal peatlands...

  18. Cytarabine and daunorubicin or idarubicin in induction therapy of Acute Myeloid Leukemia patients

    Eivazi-Ziaei, J.; Kermani, I.A.; Nikanfar, A.; Maljaie, H.; Mahmoudpour, A.; Dolatkhah, R.


    Objectives: Acute myeloid leukemia (AML), the most common form of acute leukemia, is treated by remission induction and post-remission therapy. Remission induction is usually achieved by administration of cytarabine along with an anthracycline such as Daunorubicin (DAU) or Idarubicin (IDA). Our objective was see the benefits if any of IDA over DAU in AML therapy. Methodology: Eighty adult AML patients were enrolled in this study, where 40 received DAU and 40 were treated with IDA. Remission status in each subject was studied and response to therapy was subsequently analyzed using SPSS. Results: Complete remission, partial remission and no responsive status were 15, 19, and 14 respectively for patients on DAU and 14, 18, and 11 for patients on IDA protocol. No significant benefit was detected for IDA compared to DAU in response to therapy. Conclusion: We found no benefit in using IDA over DAU in induction therapy for AML patients treated in northwest of Iran. (author)

  19. Experimental and clinical trials of new /sub 99m/Tc-labeled hepatobiliary agents

    Wistow, B.W.; Subramanian, G.; Gagne, G.M.; Henderson, R.W.; McAfee, J.G.; Hall, R.C.; Grossman, Z.D.


    Several new derivatives of lidocaine were synthesized and used to examine the intra- and extrahepatic bile ducts and gallbladder. Diisopropyl-IDA exhibited approximately twice the bile concentration of 131 I-rose bengal during the first hour after injection. P-butyl-IDA also concentrates moderately well in the bile and has the added advantage of very low excretion into the urine (2%). It seems more effective than the other IDA derivatives at high bilirubin levels

  20. Isotope dilution analysis of environmental samples

    Tolgyessy, J.; Lesny, J.; Korenova, Z.; Klas, J.; Klehr, E.H.


    Isotope dilution analysis has been used for the determination of several trace elements - especially metals - in a variety of environmental samples, including aerosols, water, soils, biological materials and geological materials. Variations of the basic concept include classical IDA, substoichiometric IDA, and more recently, sub-superequivalence IDA. Each variation has its advantages and limitations. A periodic chart has been used to identify those elements which have been measured in environmental samples using one or more of these methods. (author)

  1. Eesti suurim ettevõte Eesti Energia on KIE regioonis 359.


    Ilmunud ka: Finansovõi Menedzhment : infovõpusk nr. 19 nov. lk. 12. Konsultatsioonifirma Deloitte ja Poola majandusajalehe Rzeczpospolita Kesk- ja Ida-Euroopa suurima käibega ettevõtete pingerida. Tabelid: Kesk- ja Ida-Euroopa 8 suurima käibega ettevõtet 2006. aastal; Balti ettevõtted Kesk- ja Ida-Euroopa 500 suurima käibega firma seas

  2. Continuous multivariate exponential extension

    Block, H.W.


    The Freund-Weinman multivariate exponential extension is generalized to the case of nonidentically distributed marginal distributions. A fatal shock model is given for the resulting distribution. Results in the bivariate case and the concept of constant multivariate hazard rate lead to a continuous distribution related to the multivariate exponential distribution (MVE) of Marshall and Olkin. This distribution is shown to be a special case of the extended Freund-Weinman distribution. A generalization of the bivariate model of Proschan and Sullo leads to a distribution which contains both the extended Freund-Weinman distribution and the MVE

  3. Donor Interventions and SME Networking in Industrial Clusters in Punjab Province, Pakistan

    Fayyaz, Anjum

    . Thus, the author seeks to answer two interrelated questions in this thesis: a) How did the IDA interventions affect SME networks in the Lahore garments and Sialkot football clusters in Pakistan? b) Why did the IDA-supported SME networks in these clusters continue or discontinue after the IDA withdrew...... the IDA’s interventions affected the long-term sustainability of SME networks present in both clusters. In the case of the Lahore garments cluster, the IDA supported two networks in the cluster. One was known as the Lahore Garments Consortium and the other was named the Lahore Fashion Apparel Network...

  4. Iron deficiency anemia and cognitive function in infancy.

    Carter, R Colin; Jacobson, Joseph L; Burden, Matthew J; Armony-Sivan, Rinat; Dodge, Neil C; Angelilli, Mary Lu; Lozoff, Betsy; Jacobson, Sandra W


    This study examined effects of iron deficiency anemia (IDA) on specific domains of infant cognitive function and the role of IDA-related socioemotional deficits in mediating and/or moderating these effects. Infants were recruited during routine 9-month visits to an inner-city clinic. IDA was defined as hemoglobin level or =2 abnormal iron deficiency indicators (mean corpuscular volume, red cell distribution width, zinc protoporphyrin, transferrin saturation, and ferritin). At 9 and 12 months, the Fagan Test of Infant Intelligence (FTII); A-not-B task; Emotionality, Activity, and Sociability Temperament Survey; and Behavior Rating Scale were administered. Analyses were adjusted for potential confounders, including age and sociodemographic variables. Twenty-eight infants met criteria for IDA, 28 had nonanemic iron deficiency (NA ID) and 21 had iron sufficiency (IS). There was a linear effect for object permanence at 9 months: infants with IDA were least likely to exhibit object permanence, IS most likely, and NA ID intermediate. Infants with IDA and those with hemoglobin level object permanence and short-term memory encoding and/or retrieval in infants with IDA at 9 months. These cognitive effects were attributable, in part, to IDA-related deficits in socioemotional function. Children with poor socioemotional performance seem to be more vulnerable to the effects of IDA on cognitive function.

  5. Assessment of Industry Investment in U.S. Domestic Production of Strategic Materials

    Arnold, Scot A; Tyson, Karen W; Aronin, Benjamin S


    IDA assisted the Strategic Materials Protection Board in assessing the extent to which domestic producers of strategic materials are investing to ensure continued domestic production of these materials...

  6. Euroopa tulevikuvisiooni näeme Ceutas ja Melillas / Daniel Pipes ; intervjueerinud Taavi Minnik

    Pipes, Daniel


    Intervjuu Lähis-Ida Foorumi presidendi Daniel Pipesiga Euroopa migratsioonikriisist ja vigadest migratsioonipoliitikas. Probleemidest, mida massiimmigratsioon Kolmandast Maailmast Euroopale kaasa toob ning radikaalse islami ohtudest

  7. Svobodnõi tshelovek v osoboi zone / Tunne Kelam ; interv. J. Ashihmin

    Kelam, Tunne, 1936-


    Narva Kolledzhis toimus Riigikogu infopäev. Ida-Virumaa hetkeolukord, integratsiooniprotsess, kodakondsus- ja migratsiooniameti töö endiselt halvasti organiseeritud. Autor: Isamaaliit. Parlamendisaadik

  8. Maakonna arengukavas pole omavalitsuste häält kuulda / Urve Erikson

    Erikson, Urve, 1956-


    Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje 20. jaan., lk. 2. Ida-Virumaa omavalitsuste liidu tegevdirektor peab oluliseks kohalike omavalitsuste osalemist ning avalikku arutelu maakonna arengustrateegia koostamisel

  9. Omavalitsused ja hariduspoliitika / Urve Erikson

    Erikson, Urve, 1956-


    Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje 8. nov. lk. 2. Ida-Virumaa omavalitsuste liidu tegevdirektor kohalike omavalitsuste kuludest kvaliteetse hariduse tagamisel ning haridusstrateegia ja maakondlike arengukavade puudumisest Eestis

  10. Women's health

    ... Nurse midwives This list may not be all-inclusive. References Freund K. Approach to women's health. In: ... of Gynecology and Obstetrics at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD. Review provided by VeriMed ...

  11. Assessment of side effects induced by injection of different adjuvant/antigen combinations in rabbits and mice

    Leenaars, P.P.A.M.; Koedam, M.A.; Wester, P.W.; Baumans, V.; Claassen, E.; Hendriksen, C.F.M.


    We evaluated the side effects induced by injection of Freund's adjuvant (FA) and alternative adjuvants combined with different antigens. Rabbits and mice were injected subcutaneously, intramuscularly (rabbits) and intraperitoneally (mice) with different adjuvants (FA, Specol, RIBI, TiterMax,

  12. Kes oli rännumees Karl Feyerabend? / Urmas Sutrop

    Sutrop, Urmas, 1956-


    Feyerabend, Karl. Kosmopolitische Wanderungen durch Preussen, Curland, Liefland, Litthauen, Vollhynien, Podolien und Schlesien, in der jahren 1795 bis 1798. In Briefen an einen Freund. Bd. 3. 1801. Eestile on pühendatud reisiraamatu 40. kiri

  13. Social Costs of Iron Deficiency Anemia in 6-59-Month-Old Children in India.

    Plessow, Rafael; Arora, Narendra Kumar; Brunner, Beatrice; Tzogiou, Christina; Eichler, Klaus; Brügger, Urs; Wieser, Simon


    Inadequate nutrition has a severe impact on health in India. According to the WHO, iron deficiency is the single most important nutritional risk factor in India, accounting for more than 3% of all disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) lost. We estimate the social costs of iron deficiency anemia (IDA) in 6-59-month-old children in India in terms of intangible costs and production losses. We build a health economic model estimating the life-time costs of a birth cohort suffering from IDA between the ages of 6 and 59 months. The model is stratified by 2 age groups (6-23 and 24-59-months), 2 geographical areas (urban and rural), 10 socio-economic strata and 3 degrees of severity of IDA (mild, moderate and severe). Prevalence of anemia is calculated with the last available National Family Health Survey. Information on the health consequences of IDA is extracted from the literature. IDA prevalence is 49.5% in 6-23-month-old and 39.9% in 24-58-month-old children. Children living in poor households in rural areas are particularly affected but prevalence is high even in wealthy urban households. The estimated yearly costs of IDA in 6-59-month-old children amount to intangible costs of 8.3 m DALYs and production losses of 24,001 m USD, equal to 1.3% of gross domestic product. Previous calculations have considerably underestimated the intangible costs of IDA as the improved WHO methodology leads to a threefold increase of DALYs due to IDA. Despite years of iron supplementation programs and substantial economic growth, IDA remains a crucial public health issue in India and an obstacle to the economic advancement of the poor. Young children are especially vulnerable due to the irreversible effects of IDA on cognitive development. Our research may contribute to the design of new effective interventions aiming to reduce IDA in early childhood.

  14. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation attenuates CFA-induced hyperalgesia and inhibits spinal ERK1/2-COX-2 pathway activation in rats

    Fang, Jun-Fan; Liang, Yi; Du, Jun-Ying; Fang, Jian-Qiao


    Background Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) is a non-pharmacologic treatment for pain relief. In previous animal studies, TENS effectively alleviated Complete Freund?s Adjuvant (CFA)- or carrageenan-induced inflammatory pain. Although TENS is known to produce analgesia via opioid activation in the brain and at the spinal level, few reports have investigated the signal transduction pathways mediated by TENS. Prior studies have verified the importance of the activation of extr...

  15. The Postconditioning Effects Of Diazoxide in the Brain Following Hemorrhagic Shock and Cerebral Hypoperfusion


    friendship. Xie Xie. Dr. Regina Armstrong , thank you for your leadership. I can only hope to emulate your strength, intelligence, and compassion. You...Circulation, 2006. 113(7): p. 1015-9. 128. Einav, S., Z. Feigenberg, C. Weissman, D. Zaichik, G. Caspi, D. Kotler , and H.R. Freund, Evacuation...Einav, S., Z. Feigenberg, C. Weissman, D. Zaichik, G. Caspi, D. Kotler , and H.R. Freund, Evacuation priorities in mass casualty terror-related events

  16. In vitro antileukemic effect of a new anthracycline analogue, MEN 11079

    Biscardi, Monica; Caporale, Roberto; Pagliai, Gabriella


    the DOXO and IDA ones. MDR (Pgp and MRP1 proteins), as measured by semiquantitative RT-PCR, cytofluorimetric and functional analysis of proteins, was similarly elicited by IDA and MEN 11079. In conclusion, the response of the cells to the new anthracycline indicates that there is greater cytotoxic activity...

  17. Unicredit: Eestil on vundament korras / Fabio Mucci ; intervjueerinud Villu Zirnask

    Mucci, Fabio


    Intervjuu Unicredit Groupi Kesk- ja Ida-Euroopa pangandusanalüüsi osakonna juhatajaga. Tema sõnul on võrreldes teiste Kesk- ja Ida-Euroopa riikidega Eesti lähemate aastate väljavaated suhteliselt head, sest makromajanduslik vundament on meil korras

  18. CTC Sentinel. Volume 9, Issue 5, May 2016


    funds through microfinance techniques within the European Union and transferring the proceeds to the Islamic State. With the very recent death of...presence on the al-Qa`ida-affiliated Ansar al-Mujahideen English language forum and other similar al-Qa`ida-linked jihadist forums like Qital Tube and

  19. St. Ola sõitis Virumaa lipulaevana Soome / Gerli Romanovitsh

    Romanovitš, Gerli, 1977-


    Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje 10. juuni lk 1,4. Parvlaev St. Ola alustas sõitu Sillamäelt Kotkasse, et viia Ida-Virumaa esindajad Kouvolas toimuvale messile, millest poole võtab enda alla Virumaa väljapanek. Järgmisel aastal käivitub Sillamäe-Kotka regulaarlaevaliin. Ida-Viru maavanema Ago Silde kommentaar

  20. 'Den danske model' som tema

    Caraker, Emmett; Juul, Ida; Klindt, Mads Peter


    Tidsskrift for Arbejdsliv vol. 14, nr. 2, 5-8. Tema: 'Den danske model'. Redigeret af Emmett Caraker, Ida Juul, Mads peter Klindt & Jens Lind. 2011. København. 128 s.......Tidsskrift for Arbejdsliv vol. 14, nr. 2, 5-8. Tema: 'Den danske model'. Redigeret af Emmett Caraker, Ida Juul, Mads peter Klindt & Jens Lind. 2011. København. 128 s....

  1. The effects of iron deficiency and anaemia on primary school ...

    the age of 5 years do not reach their developmental potential.[1,2]. ID and ID anaemia (IDA) are widespread health problems among children. Approximately 40% of ..... withdraw at any time without providing a reason, or it affecting their schooling. ... also included in the cases, leaving 45 cases (23.2%) of mild non-. IDA.

  2. Järjekord liival / Stanley Reed, Emily Thornton, Eamon Javers

    Reed, Stanley


    USA ärimeeste visiitidest Lähis-Ida naftariikidesse, mille eesmärkideks on võita kohalike juhtide soosing ning sõlmida endale võimalikult suuri ja kasulikke tehinguid. Diagramm: Lähis-Ida tehingute maht. Lisa: Külaliste nimekiri

  3. Audit Oversight: Quality Control Review of PricewaterhouseCoopers, LLP and the Defense Contract Audit Agency Office of Management and Budget Circular A-133 Audit Report of the Institute for Defense Analyses, Fiscal Year Ended September 28, 2001

    Davis, Carolyn R; Stern, Janet; Rainey, Laura A; Harrigan, Monica M; Harris, Ashley


    IDA is a not-for-profit organization that manages DoD-sponsored FFRDCs. Founded in 1947 as the Weapons Systems Evaluation Group, IDA was incorporated in 1956 and has its headquarters in Alexandria, Virginia, with sites in Norfolk, Virginia...

  4. Reticulocyte haemoglobin content as a diagnostic tool for iron ...

    IDA) in ill children is complicated by the unreliability of serum ferritin (S-ferritin). The presence of a microcytic, hypochromic anaemia suggests IDA but is not specific. There is a need for a diagnostic test that will be accessible, cost-effective and ...

  5. Illuka kool uuris Kurtna järvistut / Emilia Landra

    Landra, Emilia


    Kuidas on mõjutanud põlevkivitööstus, briketitootmine, liivakarjääri rajamine ja Ida-Virumaa linnade veega varustamine Kurtna järvistut? Sellest küsimusest ajendatuna tekkis Illuka Põhikoolil mõte koostada projekt ja esitada see rahastamiseks Ida-Virumaa Keskkonnateenistusele

  6. Via Hanseatica arendamine on saadikute tähelepanu all / Rein Aidma

    Aidma, Rein, 1950-


    Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje 11. apr. lk. 2. Riigikogu Ida-Viru saadikuühendus kohtus Ida-Viru, Jõgeva, Tartu ja Valga maavalitsuse spetsialistidega arutamaks Via Hanseatica e. Jõhvi-Tartu-Valga majandusvööndi arenguvõimalusi

  7. Acceptance and Effect of Ferrous Fumarate Containing Micronutrient Sprinkles on Anemia, Iron Deficiency and Anthropometrics in Honduran Children


    problems in infants with IDA at 9 months and concluded that these cognitive effects were partially due to IDA related deficits in socioemotional function...Loechl CU, Menon P, Arimond M, Ruel MT, Pelto G, Habicht JP, Michaud L. (2009). Using programme theory to assess the feasibility of delivering

  8. Erakonnad kombineerivad valimisnimekirju / Erik Gamzejev

    Gamzejev, Erik, 1967-


    Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje 5. okt. lk. 1,3. Suuremad erakonnad on praeguseks Ida-Virus suuremalt jaolt välja valinud kandidaadid, kes hakkavad parlamendivalimistel hääli koguma. Tabelid: Häälte jagunemine erakondadel vahel 2003. aasta riigikogu valimistel; Suuremad häältekogujad Ida-Virus 2003. a. riigikogu valimistel

  9. Winners and losers in transition: preferences for redistribution and nostalgia for communism in Eastern Europe / Adam Okulicz- Kozaryn

    Okulicz- Kozaryn, Adam


    Artikli teema on üleminekuperioodi võitjad ja kaotajad Ida-Euroopas (sh. Eesti), täpsemalt käsitletakse nostalgiat kommunismi järele. Andmed pärinevad uurimusest „Demokraatia konsolideerumine Kesk- ja Ida-Euroopas 1990-2001”.

  10. IVEK koolitab vabaühendusi


    Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje : Ida-Viruskii tsentr predprinimatelstva Info 10. sets., lk. 4. Mittetulundusühendused ja sihtasutused saavad Ida-Viru ettevõtluskeskusest infot nii tegevuse alustamiseks, ideede arendamiseks kui projektide ja arenguplaani koostamiseks. Vt. samas: mittetulundusühingute/sihtasutuste nõustaja Krista Pedak

  11. German Unification : the Valuable Lessons / Bernhard Seliger, Ralph M Wrobel

    Seliger, Bernhard


    Mida on EL-iga integreeruvatel Baltimaadel õppida Ida-Saksamaa ühinemisest Lääne-Saksamaaga. Rahanduse integreerumine, erastamine, subsideerimine ja palgatõus Saksamaal. Tabelid: Ida-Saksamaa ja Eesti majandusnäitajad 1991-1999

  12. E-tervishoiust on abi kõigile / Kai Ilustrumm

    Ilustrumm, Kai


    Vt. ka Linnaleht : Pärnu : Tehnika, Linnaleht : Tartu : Tehnika 5. nov., lk. 10. Ida-Tallinna Keskhaigla on haaratud Taani, Norra, Rootsi, Eesti ja Leedu tervishoiualasesse koostööprojekti Baltic eHealth ehk Balti e-tervishoid. Ida-Tallinna Keskhaiglasse rajatakse rahvusvaheline radioloogiakeskus

  13. Advantages of Integrative Data Analysis for Developmental Research

    Bainter, Sierra A.; Curran, Patrick J.


    Amid recent progress in cognitive development research, high-quality data resources are accumulating, and data sharing and secondary data analysis are becoming increasingly valuable tools. Integrative data analysis (IDA) is an exciting analytical framework that can enhance secondary data analysis in powerful ways. IDA pools item-level data across…

  14. Developing Near Real-time Data-assimilative Models and Tools for the Space Environment, Phase I

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The IDA4D and AMIE data assimilation methods are currently of limited use for real-time space weather applications because either they don't run in real-time (IDA4D)...

  15. Invariant density analysis: modeling and analysis of the postural control system using Markov chains.

    Hur, Pilwon; Shorter, K Alex; Mehta, Prashant G; Hsiao-Wecksler, Elizabeth T


    In this paper, a novel analysis technique, invariant density analysis (IDA), is introduced. IDA quantifies steady-state behavior of the postural control system using center of pressure (COP) data collected during quiet standing. IDA relies on the analysis of a reduced-order finite Markov model to characterize stochastic behavior observed during postural sway. Five IDA parameters characterize the model and offer physiological insight into the long-term dynamical behavior of the postural control system. Two studies were performed to demonstrate the efficacy of IDA. Study 1 showed that multiple short trials can be concatenated to create a dataset suitable for IDA. Study 2 demonstrated that IDA was effective at distinguishing age-related differences in postural control behavior between young, middle-aged, and older adults. These results suggest that the postural control system of young adults converges more quickly to their steady-state behavior while maintaining COP nearer an overall centroid than either the middle-aged or older adults. Additionally, larger entropy values for older adults indicate that their COP follows a more stochastic path, while smaller entropy values for young adults indicate a more deterministic path. These results illustrate the potential of IDA as a quantitative tool for the assessment of the quiet-standing postural control system.

  16. 32 CFR 293.4 - Definitions.


    ... granted authority to review the decision of the initial denial authority (IDA) (see IDA definition) that... that are part of the decision-making process, and contain subjective evaluations, opinions, and recommendations. A document must be both deliberative and part of a decision-making process to qualify for this...

  17. Current opinion on the management of iron deficiency anaemia in gastrointestinal diseases.

    Derovs, Aleksejs; Pokrotnieks, Juris; Derova, Jelena; Danilans, Anatolijs; Pukitis, Aldis; Dombure, Polina; Leiniece, Sandra; Zeltina Indra


    Iron deficiency is the most common cause of anaemia in the world. Despite frequently weak and masked clinical presentation of iron deficiency anaemia (IDA), this disease is very serious with complications leading to early mortality. In the developed countries IDA is predominantly diagnosed as the complication of another disease or as the result of major bleeding events. Diagnosis of IDA should be based on laboratory findings i.e. haemoglobin, mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration and ferritin. Latter is the most sensitive marker for iron deficiency. Anaemia of chronic disease should be taken into an account as a potential differential diagnosis or coexisting state. For women in fertility age with IDA, gynaecological disorders should be ruled out first. Males and postmenopausal women with IDA should undergo upper, lower and in certain cases capsule endoscopy and/or enteroscopy to find a plausible cause of IDA. The ultimate goal of therapy is to find out and treat the primary cause of IDA. Iron body stores should be restored using either oral or parenteral iron preparations. The use of parenteral iron preparations in patients with gastrointestinal pathologies is often clinically substantiated for the treatment of IDA. Red blood cell transfusion should be administered in emergency cases only.

  18. Estimating the burden of disease attributable to iron deficiency ...

    Objectives. To estimate the extent of iron deficiency anaemia (IDA) among children aged 0 - 4 years and pregnant women aged 15 - 49 years, and the burden of disease attributed to IDA in South Africa in 2000. Design. The comparative risk assessment (CRA) methodology of the World Health Organization (WHO) was ...

  19. Eestlanna, jaapanlanna ja tantsivad kehad / Keiu Virro

    Virro, Keiu, 1987-


    Koreograafid-tantsijad Külli Roosna ja Anna esitavad Tallinnas Kanuti Gildi saalis ja Tartus Genialistide klubis oma soolo-tantsuetenduse, milles ühinevad Ida ja Lääs. Läänt esindab Külli Roosna (Eesti) "Circle Through" ja Ida esindab Anna (Jaapan) "Busu". Organisaatoriks on Sõltumatu Tantsu Ühendus

  20. На сцене сойдутся Восток и Запад / Лилия Крысина

    Крысина, Лилия


    Koreograafid-tantsijad Külli Roosna ja Anna esitavad Tallinnas ja Tartus oma soolo-tantsuetenduse, milles ühinevad Ida ja Lääs. Läänt esindab Külli Roosna (Eesti) "Circle Through" ja Ida esindab Anna (Jaapan) "Busu". Organisaatoriks on Sõltumatu Tantsu Ühendus

  1. Kiwa Frankfurdis : great big fuck!


    Frankfurdis 20.-21. XI toimunud kongressil Ida-Euroopa kunstist näitas kuraator Dmitry Vilensky enne oma ettekannet "Sõnum idast" Kiwa videot "Euro-Antivisioon. Kollase lipu all". D. Vilensky korraldatud illegaalsel posterite "näitusel" plankudel, kus Ida-Euroopa kunstnikud said avaldada arvamust Lääne kunstiinstitutsioonide strateegiate kohta, osalesid Aleksandr Brener, Oleg Kulik

  2. Multilevel index decomposition analysis: Approaches and application

    Xu, X.Y.; Ang, B.W.


    With the growing interest in using the technique of index decomposition analysis (IDA) in energy and energy-related emission studies, such as to analyze the impacts of activity structure change or to track economy-wide energy efficiency trends, the conventional single-level IDA may not be able to meet certain needs in policy analysis. In this paper, some limitations of single-level IDA studies which can be addressed through applying multilevel decomposition analysis are discussed. We then introduce and compare two multilevel decomposition procedures, which are referred to as the multilevel-parallel (M-P) model and the multilevel-hierarchical (M-H) model. The former uses a similar decomposition procedure as in the single-level IDA, while the latter uses a stepwise decomposition procedure. Since the stepwise decomposition procedure is new in the IDA literature, the applicability of the popular IDA methods in the M-H model is discussed and cases where modifications are needed are explained. Numerical examples and application studies using the energy consumption data of the US and China are presented. - Highlights: • We discuss the limitations of single-level decomposition in IDA applied to energy study. • We introduce two multilevel decomposition models, study their features and discuss how they can address the limitations. • To extend from single-level to multilevel analysis, necessary modifications to some popular IDA methods are discussed. • We further discuss the practical significance of the multilevel models and present examples and cases to illustrate

  3. UXO Burial Prediction Fidelity: A Summary


    A-1 1 Introduction The Institute for Defense Analyses (IDA) is a not-for-profit company that...collection of information, including suggestions for reducing the burden, to Department of Defense, Washington Headquarters Services, Directorate for...November 2017). 13. SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES 14. ABSTRACT The Institute for Defense Analyses (IDA) is a not-for-profit company that operates three Federal

  4. 32 CFR 286.23 - Initial determinations.


    ... number of IDAs appointed. In designating its IDAs, a DoD Component shall balance the goals of... tests. To deny a requested record that is in the possession and control of a DoD Component, it must be....S. government source. (1) When a request is received for a record that falls under exemption 4 (see...

  5. Iron Deficiency Anemia in Relation to Respiratory Disease and Social Behaviors In Low-Income Infants in France.

    Honig, Alice Sterling


    Examined a sample of 177 infants (age 9 through 12 months) with iron deficiency anemia (IDA) from low-income French, African, and North African Muslim families in Paris. Found a higher than normal incidence of otitis media and respiratory diseases such as bronchitis among the infants. Also examined the relationship between infant IDA and child…

  6. Krazh v regione stalo menshe. Prestuplenii protiv litshnosti - bolshe / Kalev Prillop ; interv. Aleksei Starkov

    Prillop, Kalev


    Ilmunud ka: Infopress 11. aug. lk. 24-25. Ida politseiprefekt vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad Sillamäe elaniku tapmist Narva-Jõesuus, kuritegevust Ida- ja Lääne-Virumaal selle aasta I poolaastal, sh. Sillamäel

  7. Eesti ehitusturu kasv tipneb 2006. aastal / Ain Hinsberg

    Hinsberg, Ain


    Taanis asuva uuringufirma European Construction Research, mis jälgib ja prognoosib Ida- ja Lääne-Euroopa ning Lähis-Ida, Hiina ja Aasia ehitusturgu, ennustab Eestile jätkuvat kasvu. Diagramm: Eesti ehitusturu areng 1999-2010

  8. The dynamic impact on the Central-Eastern European Economies of Accession to the European Union : Social Capability and Technology Absorbtion / David A Dyker

    Dyker, David A


    Kesk- ja Ida-Euroopa riikide liitumisest EL-iga ning selle mõjust nende majanduslikule ja infotehnoloogilisele arengule, kaubandusele ja pangandusele. Tabelid: SKT inimese kohta EL-iga liituvates riikides; SKT kasv liituvates riikides 1994-1999; välismaised otseinvesteeringud Ida-Euroopa ja endistesse NL-i riikidesse 1999

  9. Is Routine Duodenal Biopsy Necessary for the Detection of Celiac Disease in Patients Presenting with Iron Deficiency Anemia?

    Mohammad Hassan Emami


    Conclusion: CD should be considered in any adult patient presenting with unexplained IDA, even if not accompanied with gastrointestinal symptoms. Routine duodenal biopsy performed during diagnostic upper gastrointestinal endoscopy is worthwhile in order to investigate for CD as an underlying cause of IDA in adult patients.

  10. Chelating capture and magnetic removal of non-magnetic heavy metal substances from soil

    Fan, Liren; Song, Jiqing; Bai, Wenbo; Wang, Shengping; Zeng, Ming; Li, Xiaoming; Zhou, Yang; Li, Haifeng; Lu, Haiwei


    A soil remediation method based on magnetic beneficiation is reported. A new magnetic solid chelator powder, FS@IDA (core-shell Fe3O4@SiO2 nanoparticles coated with iminodiacetic acid chelators), was used as a reactive magnetic carrier to selectively capture non-magnetic heavy metals in soil by chelation and removal by magnetic separation. FS@IDA was prepared via inorganic-organic and organic synthesis reactions that generated chelating groups on the surface of magnetic, multi-core, core-shell Fe3O4@SiO2 (FS) nanoparticles. These reactions used a silane coupling agent and sodium chloroacetate. The results show that FS@IDA could chelate the heavy metal component of Cd, Zn, Pb, Cu and Ni carbonates, lead sulfate and lead chloride in water-insoluble salt systems. The resulting FS@IDA-Cd and FS@IDA-Pb chelates could be magnetically separated, resulting in removal rates of approximately 84.9% and 72.2% for Cd and Pb, respectively. FS@IDA could not remove the residual heavy metals and those bound to organic matter in the soil. FS@IDA did not significantly alter the chemical composition of the soil, and it allowed for fast chelating capture, simple magnetic separation and facilitated heavy metal elution. FS@IDA could also be easily prepared and reprocessed.

  11. Caregiver perceptions of iron deficiency anemia and iron replacement therapies in young children with nutritional iron deficiency anemia

    In the U.S., approximately 3% of young children develop iron deficiency anemia (IDA), with Hispanic/Latino children disproportionately affected. IDA is associated with inferior neurodevelopmental outcomes. Treatment with oral iron mitigates its consequences yet non-adherence often results in treatme...

  12. Arno Rossman: "Paksu nahata põled poliitikas kiiresti läbi" / Arno Rossman ; interv. Erik Gamzejev

    Rossman, Arno, 1954-


    Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje : Subbota 4. nov. lk. 3. Keskkonnaministri nõunik oma tööst ning tulevastest parlamendivalimistest. Lisa: Arno Rossman. Arvamust avaldavad Ida-Virumaa omavalitsuste liidu tegevdirektor Urve Erikson ja Ida-Viru spordiliidu esimees Valdek Murd

  13. Promoting self-determination and financial security through innovative asset building approaches.

    Burke-Miller, Jane K; Swarbrick, Margaret A; Carter, Tina M; Jonikas, Jessica A; Zipple, Anthony M; Fraser, Virginia V; Cook, Judith A


    Studies indicate that asset development programs such as Individual Development Accounts (IDAs) can enhance the economic security of low-income populations; however, only a handful of asset development programs have been implemented specifically to serve people with psychiatric disabilities, and larger programs have not collected disability-specific information. The purpose of this article is to increase our knowledge about the use of IDAs to enhance self-determination and recovery for people with psychiatric disabilities. Background information about IDAs is presented followed by case studies of two IDA programs that serve people with psychiatric disabilities. The use of IDA programs in enhancing self-determination among people with psychiatric disabilities is discussed, along with barriers and future directions.

  14. Predição da composição corporal e exigências líqüidas de macrominerais para ganho de peso de chinchila (Chinchilla lanigera Body composition prediction and net macroelements requirements (Chinchilla lanigera

    Simone de David Antonio


    Full Text Available Foram determinados os conteúdos corporais e as exigências líquidas para ganho de peso de corpo vazio e ganho de peso vivo em matéria mineral (MM, fósforo (P, potássio (K e magnésio (Mg para a espécie (Chinchilla lanigera. Foram abatidos 18 animais (seis machos e seis fêmeas em média com 750 dias de idade e seis animais juvenis de 40 dias de vida. Foi feito um teste de comparação de médias para as composições das diferentes categorias animal. Foram ajustadas equações logarítmicas da quantidade corporal de MM, P, K e Mg, em função do logaritmo do peso corporal vazio. As exigências líquidas em MM, P, K e Mg foram obtidas por derivação das equações de predição da composição corporal. As proporções corporais de matéria seca e de matéria mineral alteraram-se com o avanço da idade das chinchilas. Os animais juvenis apresentaram (PBody composition and net requirements for empty body weight gain for mineral matter (MM, Phosphorous (P, potassium (K and magnesium for chinchilla were determined. Eighteen animals (6 males, 6 females, 750 days old and six young animals 40 days old were slaughtered. Minerals body content of different animals categories were compared and logarithmic equations were adjusted between minerals content and empty body weight. Body composition and net requirements for empty body weight gain for mineral matter (MM, Phosphorous (P, potassium (K and magnesium for chinchilla were determined. Eighteen animals (6 males, 6 females, 750 days old and six young animals 40 days old were slaughtered. Minerals body content of different animals categories were compared and logarithmic equations were adjusted between minerals content and empty body weight. Net requirements for MM, P, K and Mg were estimated through derivation of these equations. The body concentrations of dry and mineral matter changed with age. Younger animals had lower concentration of dry matter and higher concentration of minerals than the adults did. The body content and net requirements for empty body weight gain of MM, P, K and Mg increased as body weight varied from 100 to 400 g, remaining constant afterwards.

  15. De rainha dos baixinhos a rainha dos memes: o humor como vetor de ciberacontecimentos a partir da ida de Xuxa da Rede Globo para a Rede Record = From queen of the shorties to queen of memes: humor as cyberevents vector when Xuxa goes from Rede Globo to Rede Record

    Bittencourt, Maria Clara Jobst de Aquino


    Full Text Available Este artigo é parte de uma pesquisa sobre ciberacontecimento, desenvolvida no Laboratório de Investigação do Ciberacontecimento (LIC. A partir de uma análise baseada em uma pesquisa exploratória e na construção de sentidos em redes digitais sobre a mudança de emissoras de Xuxa, observamos a construção de um ciberacontecimento que emergiu das apropriações humorísticas dos usuários da plataforma Twitter. Analisamos os sentidos desenvolvidos e os enquadramentos das pautas em torno do caso

  16. Serum hepcidin-25 may replace the ferritin index in the Thomas plot in assessing iron status in anemic patients.

    Thomas, C; Kobold, U; Balan, S; Roeddiger, R; Thomas, L


    Biochemical markers of iron deficiency do not distinguish iron-deficient anemia (IDA) from the anemia of chronic disease (ACD) and the combined state of ACD/IDA. Serum hepcidin-25 might be a marker resolving this problem. We investigated the extent to which serum hepcidin-25 enables the differentiation of the states above in comparison with the ferritin index plot, the so-called Thomas plot [soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR)/log ferritin and the reticulocyte hemoglobin content (CHr)]. Serum hepcidin-25 was determined in 155 anemic patients who were classified as having latent iron deficiency (latent ID), IDA, ACD, or ACD/IDA using the ferritin index plot (Thomas plot). Hepcidin-25 was determined using an isotope-dilution micro-HPLC-tandem mass spectrometry method. The ability to discriminate among these states based on serum hepcidin-25 alone or in combination with the CHr was evaluated in a receiver operating characteristic curve analysis and a comparison with the recently established ferritin index plot. Serum hepcidin-25 correlated with ferritin and the ferritin index. Use of a hepcidin-25 cutoff level of ≤4 nmol/l allowed the differentiation of IDA from ACD and ACD/IDA. Furthermore, the discrimination of ACD/IDA from ACD required combination with CHr in a new plot (hepcidin-25 and the CHr). The hepcidin-25 plot and the ferritin index plot showed a good correspondence in the differentiation of iron states in patients with anemia. Patients with IDA can be differentiated from ACD and ACD/IDA but not ACD from ACD/IDA based on hepcidin-25 alone. The combination of hepcidin-25 with CHr in the hepcidin-25 plot was useful for the differentiation of the states above. © 2010 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

  17. Efecto electromérico autógeno en el N-óxido de piridina y su nitración

    Francisco Sánchez-Viesca


    Full Text Available Linton encontró que el momento dipolo del N-óxido de piridina es mucho menor que el valor teórico esperado. Debido a este resultado, propuso la existencia de 3 ‘estructuras excitadas’, con carga eléctrica negativa en las posiciones 2, 4 y 6 del anillo piridínico. Sin embargo, en una reacción de sustitución electrofílica típica como lo es la nitración, solamente se obtiene el producto de reacción en la posición 4. Esta discrepancia entre lo propuesto por Linton y la reactividad observada nos indujo a estudiar las propiedades físicas del N-óxido de piridina, ya que su reactividad es resultante de las mismas. Por otra parte, las estructuras con carga negativa en el anillo requieren una polarización inesperada y hubo que proponer un mecanismo viable de formación, mediante inducción intermolecular, como se detalla en la Discusión. Además, se encontró que solamente una de las tres estructuras antes propuestas tiene soporte tanto por la reactividad observada como por datos de resonancia magnética nuclear de carbono 13. Al descartar 2 de las ‘estructuras excitadas’ de Linton, se ha explicado por qué la nitración del N-óxido de piridina es regioselectiva.

  18. Diagnosis and treatment of iron deficiency anemia during pregnancy and the postpartum period: Iron deficiency anemia working group consensus report

    Api, Olus; Breyman, Christian; Çetiner, Mustafa; Demir, Cansun; Ecder, Tevfik


    According to the World Health Organization (WHO), anemia is the most common disease, affecting >1.5 billion people worldwide. Furthermore, iron deficiency anemia (IDA) accounts for 50% of cases of anemia. IDA is common during pregnancy and the postpartum period, and can lead to serious maternal and fetal complications. The aim of this report was to present the experiences of a multidisciplinary expert group, and to establish reference guidelines for the optimal diagnosis and treatment of IDA during pregnancy and the postpartum period. Studies and guidelines on the diagnosis and treatment of IDA published in Turkish and international journals were reviewed. Conclusive recommendations were made by an expert panel aiming for a scientific consensus. Measurement of serum ferritin has the highest sensitivity and specificity for diagnosis of IDA unless there is a concurrent inflammatory condition. The lower threshold value for hemoglobin (Hb) in pregnant women is anemia. Oral iron therapy is given as the first-line treatment for IDA. Although current data are limited, intravenous (IV) iron therapy is an alternative therapeutic option in patients who do not respond to oral iron therapy, have adverse reactions, do not comply with oral iron treatment, have a very low Hb concentration, and require rapid iron repletion. IV iron preparations can be safely used for the treatment of IDA during pregnancy and the postpartum period, and are more beneficial than oral iron preparations in specific indications. PMID:28913064

  19. One electron oxidation of Ni(II)-iminodiacetate by carbonate radical

    Mandal, P.C.; Bardhan, D.K.; Bhattacharyya, S.N.


    Reactions of carbonate radical (CO 3 - ), generated by photolysis or by radiolysis of a carbonate solution with nickel(II)-iminodiacetate (Ni(II)IDA) were studied at pH 10.5 and ionic strength (I)=0.2 mol x dm -3 . The stable product arising from the ligand degradation in the complex is mainly glyoxalic acid. Time-resolved spectroscopy and transient kinetics were studied using flash photolysis. From the kinetic data it was suggested that the carbonate radical initially reacts with Ni(III)IDA with a rate constant (2.4.±0.4) x 10 6 dm 3 x mol -1 x s -1 to form a Ni(II)IDA species which, however, undergoes a first-order transformation (k=2.7 x 10 2 x s -1 ) to give a radical intermediate of the type Ni(II)RNHCHCO - 2 ) which rapidly forms an adduct containing a Ni-C bond. This adduct decays very slowly to give rise to glyoxalic acid. From a consideration of equilibrium between Ni(II)IDA and Ni(III)IDA, the one electron reduction potential for the Ni(III)IDA/Ni(II)IDA couple was determined to be 1.467 V. (author) 30 refs.; 5 figs

  20. Prevalence of Iron Deficiency Anemia among University Students in Hodeida Province, Yemen

    Abdullah Ahmed Al-alimi


    Full Text Available Background. Iron deficiency anemia (IDA is one of the most common types of nutritional anemia in the worldwide and considered a major public health problem in developing countries especially in Yemen. Therefore, this cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the prevalence and risk factors of IDA among apparently healthy Yemeni students at Hodeida University. Method. Five hundred blood samples (326 males and 174 females were collected randomly from medical students at Hodeida University. Participants were subjected to different tests including complete blood counts (CBC, serum ferritin (SF, serum iron (SI, and total iron binding capacity (TIBC. Moreover, a questionnaire was designed to collect demographics, food and drink habits, and socioeconomic status. Result. The overall prevalence of IDA was 30.4%  (n=152, of whom 54.00% were females (n=82 and 46.0% were males (n=70. Students aged 20–22 years were found more anemic with prevalence 59.2% than students aged 17–19 years (25.0% and 23–25 years (15.8%. Statistical analysis showed regularly having breakfast had significant (p < 0.001 role in preventing development of IDA compared with irregularly having breakfast. Infrequent consumption of vegetables/fruits; meat, fish, chicken; tea drinking; low household income; smoking and khat (Catha edulis chewing showed a significant role (p < 0.001 in provoking of IDA, whereas consumption of coffee and cola showed insignificant influence (p=0.585; p=0.513 on IDA. Conclusion. This study revealed that the majority of university students, especially females, have IDA that might become worse by malnutrition, lifestyle habits, and lack of awareness. Our results suggest that IDA can be prevented by providing proper knowledge on the healthful diet, improved lifestyle, and harmful effect of IDA to the students.

  1. Assessment of the use of LED phototherapy on bone defects grafted with hydroxyapatite on rats with iron-deficiency anemia and nonanemic: a Raman spectroscopy analysis.

    de Castro, Isabele Cardoso Vieira; Rosa, Cristiane Becher; Dos Reis Júnior, João Alves; Moreira, Luiz Gaudêncio Passos; Aragão, Juliana S; Barbosa, Artur Felipe dos Santos; Silveira, Landulfo; Pinheiro, Antonio L B


    This study aimed to assess bone repair in defects grafted or not with hydroxyapatite (HA) on healthy and iron-deficiency anemia (IDA) rats submitted or not to LED phototherapy (LED-PT) by Raman spectroscopy. The animals were divided in eight groups with five rats each: Clot; Clot + LED; IDA + Clot; IDA + LED; Graft; Graft + LED; IDA + Graft; and IDA + Graft + LED. When appropriated, irradiation with IR LED (λ850 ± 10 nm, 150 mW, CW, Φ = 0.5 cm(2), 16 J/cm(2), 15 days) was carried out. Raman shifts: ∼ 960 [symmetric PO4 stretching (phosphate apatite)], ∼ 1,070 [symmetric CO3 stretching (B-type carbonate apatite)], and ∼ 1,454 cm(-1) [CH2/CH3 bending in organics (protein)] were analyzed. The mean peak values for ∼ 960, ∼ 1,070, and ∼ 1,454 cm(-1) were nonsignificantly different on healthy or anemic rats. The group IDA + Graft + LED showed the lowest mean values for the peak ∼ 960 cm(-1) when compared with the irradiated IDA group or not (p ≤ 0.001; p ≤ 0.001). The association of LED-PT and HA-graft showed lowest mean peak at ∼ 1,454 cm(-1) for the IDA rats. The results of this study indicated higher HA peaks as well as a decrease in the level of organic components on healthy animals when graft and LED phototherapy are associated. In the other hand, IDA condition interfered in the graft incorporation to the bone as LED phototherapy only improved bone repair when graft was not used.

  2. Endoscopic resection of large colonic lipomas assisted by a prototype single-use endoloop device

    Ahmad Khosravi Khorashad


    Full Text Available Colonic lipomas are benign adipose tumors that do not usually cause symptoms. Giant colonic lipoma (GCL is an uncommon finding at endoscopy which may lead to iron deficiency anemia (IDA with or without macroscopic ulceration. The choice of therapeutic procedure to treat symptomatic GCLs has been controversial. A case of GCL presented with occult bleeding and IDA is reported in this article. IDA resolved following the successful removal of the GCL by a combination of endoloop ligation and snare cautery technique.

  3. /sup 99m/Tc-labelled hepatobiliary radiopharmaceuticals

    Galli, G.; Maini, C.L.


    During the last 15 years many compounds labelled with /sup 99m/Tc have been proposed for use in cholescintigraphy. A short chronological list includes: toluidine blue, penicillamine, tetracycline, dihydrothioctic acid, mercaptoisubutyric acid, pyridoxals, pyridoxylideneaminates, carboxyl-hydroxyquinoline, substituted acetanilide iminodiacetates (so called IDAs), ethylenediamine-N, N-diacetate derivatives (such as sulfonyl-EDDA and benzoyl-EDDA), and orthoiodohippurate analogues. Among all these compounds the IDAs have been those most extensively used for basic and clinical research. A large series of IDA derivatives has been developed, and the properties of 33 of them have recently been tested

  4. Aerospace System Unified Life Cycle Engineering Producibility Measurement Issues


    High Energy Forming Electrochemical Mechanical Fastening Knurling Rubber Pad Forming Electrical Discharge Painting Hydroforming Electron Beam...ICan I neml Implolicd... IDA ItepoIan m ieswed by outid ponels of I -rt o esn their high quait and resneto the pro m Shadow. aMd t e okmied by thne...ul bete ubec o m iDAR IeprI IDA O Go p, I arm lewod by the seio Individuals repnI, l letthe pojctadm ohs n selecied by IDA to esmur air high quality

  5. Speer teatrilaval


    Londonis Almeida teatris mängitakse Esther Vilari näidendit "Speer". Saksa arhitekti ja ministrit kehastab austria näitleja Klaus Maria Brandauer. Näidendi tegevus toimub Ida-Saksamaal Berliinis aastal 1980

  6. Explaining cross-national variations in the informalisation of employment. Some lessons from Central and Eastern Europe / Colin C. Williams

    Williams, Colin C.


    Kesk- ja Ida-Euroopa (sh Eesti) riikide vahelistest erinevustest mitteametlikus tööhõive kolmest teoreetilisest seisukohast (moderniseerimine, neoliberaalne, poliitiline ökonoomia) lähtuvalt, aluseks 2007. aasta Eurobaromeetri uuring.

  7. Loodushariduskava viib lapsed ja looduse kokku / Külli Kriis

    Kriis, Külli, 1961-


    Riikliku looduskaitsekeskuse Ida-Viru regiooni loodushariduskava järgi arendatakse maakonnas välja piisavalt loodusmaju ja -tube ning õpialasid ja matkaradu, mis võimaldavad loodusõpet kõigile lasteaia- ja koolilastele

  8. Kurt Volker: USA peab uue entusiasmiga lahendama vanu probleeme / Kurt Volker ; intervjueerinud Evelyn Kaldoja

    Volker, Kurt


    USA NATO suursaadik president Barack Obamat ootavatest välispoliitilistset probleemidest, NATO poliitikast Gruusia jt. Ida-Euroopa riikide suhtes, Venemaa ja Ukraina gaasitülist ja suhetest Venemaaga

  9. Saksamaa frankofiilne välispoliitika - tupikus tee / Jeroen Bult

    Bult, Jeroen


    Hollandi ajaloolane ja publitsist Jeroen Bult Saksamaa ja Prantsusmaa, Saksamaa ja USA suhetest. Autori sõnul on Saksamaa ühepoolne orientatsioon Prantsusmaale viinud Saksamaa kaugemale oma traditsioonilistest huvidest Ida-Euroopas

  10. EU applicants to reform justice, border systems / Janet McEvoy

    McEvoy, Janet


    Euroopa Liidu siseministrite kohtumisel 30. jaanuaril 1998. a. leiti, et Ida-Euroopa riigid peavad tõhustama organiseeritud kuritegevuse ja illegaalse immigratsiooni vastaseid meetmeid enne liitumist Euroopa Liiduga

  11. Forum na granitse / Jevgeni Ashihmin

    Ashihmin, Jevgeni


    Narvas 15. mail toimuvast riikide töögruppide kohtumisest, mille arutlusteemaks on kaasaegse tehnoloogia kasutamine ummikute vältimiseks riigipiiride ületamisel ja Ida-Virumaa majandusprobleeme käsitlevast konverentsist

  12. Rahvusvaheline lõimumist ergutav seminar ehk ребята, давайте жит дружно! / Ülly Enn

    Enn, Ülly


    12.-16. oktoobril korraldas Sihtasutuse Archimedes Euroopa Noored Eesti büroo Ida-Virumaal rahvusvahelise seminari "Intercultural dialogue withhout subtitles", kus osalesid Eesti, Läti, Leedu, Saksamaa ja Soome noorsootöötajad

  13. II samba eduks peaks liitujaid olema üle 50% / Kaja Koovit

    Koovit, Kaja, 1968-


    Edukaks pensionireformi läbiviimiseks peaks teise samba kasuks otsustama enam kui pooled võimalikest liitujatest, väidab Ida-Euroopa pensionisüsteemi üks käivitajatest EBRD direktor Jonathan Wollett

  14. Godovshtshina bez eiforii / Aleksei Klepikov

    Klepikov, Aleksei


    EL-i ja NATO-ga liitumise mõjudest Baltimaade elanike turvatundele ning majandusele. Arvamust avaldavad Tiit Matsulevitsh, Ivar Sikk, Toivo Kuldkepp jt. Toimetuse kommentaar. Diagramm: Inflatsioonimäärad Ida-Euroopa riikides

  15. Rootsi näitab Eestit sarjates teadmatust / Gunilla Herlitz

    Herlitz, Gunilla


    Autori arvates on majandusareng ja ühiskondlikud muutused EL-iga liituvates riikides viimase kuni viieteistkümne aasta jooksul olnud erakordsed, nüüd on Euroopa riikide kord õppida ida-poolsetelt riikidelt

  16. Promoting Democracy in the EU's Neighbourhood : Lessons from the Pre-Accession Strategy / Peter Van Elsuwege

    Van Elsuwege, Peter


    Euroopa Liidu liikmeks saamise perspektiiv oli riikidele stiimuliks poliitiliste ja majanduslike reformide läbiviimisel. Heaks näiteks on siin Baltimaade ning Ida- ja Kesk- Euroopa riikide kiire areng ja Euroopa Liidu mõju olukorra stabiliseerimisel

  17. Eesti Energia korraldas OSELCA projekti raames Tallinnas rahvusvahelise seminari / Reigo Lehtla

    Lehtla, Reigo


    Eesti Energia AS korraldas 12.-13. septembrini 2005. a. Tallinna Tehnikaülikooli energeetikahoones rahvusvahelise seminari olelusringi hindamise (Life Cycle Assessment) metoodika hetkeseisust Ida-Euroopa regioonis

  18. Elisabeth Harder-Gersdorff : In memoriam / Otto-Heinrich Elias

    Elias, Otto-Heinrich, 1932-


    Elisabeth-Harder-Gersdorffi uurimistöö keskmes olid varauusaegse Ida- ja Läne-Euroopa majandus- ja sotsiaalsuhted. Ta on raamatu "Zwischen Rubel und Reichstaler. Soziales Bezugsfeld und geographische Reichweite des Revaler Wechselmarktes 1762-1800" autor

  19. Kristy Villems moves from Saku to Carlsberg / Kristy Villems

    Villems, Kristy, 1975-


    Saku õlletehase turundusjuhi kohalt aastaks Carlsberg'i õlletehase turundusosakonna Kesk- ja Ida-Euroopa piirkonna projektijuhi kohale lahkunud Kristy Villems oma tulevastest tööülesannetest ning väljakutsetest uues ametis

  20. Stranõ Baltii obvinjajutsja v tranzite nezakonnoi drevessinõ


    Maailma Looduse Fondi (WWF) hinnangul on Baltimaad ning Brasiilia, Kongo ja mõned teised Ida-Aafrika riigid põhiallikad, kust saabub Euroopa Liitu ebaseaduslik metsamaterjal. Balti riikide puhul on eelkõige tegemist Venemaalt saabuva transiidiga

  1. Hillitsetud feministid / Teet Veispak

    Veispak, Teet, 1955-


    Ajakirja "Ariadne Lõng" esinumbrist, mis esindab liberaalse feminismi vaateid. Katrin Kivimaa artiklist "Teise tootmine - Ida-Euroopa ja feminism". Esile on tõstetud kunstiteadlaste Reet Varblase ja Eda Sepa artiklid.

  2. Üleminek riigikeelsele gümnaasiumiõppele : vilistlaste seisukohtade Q-metodoloogiline diskursusanalüüs / Anu Masso, Katrin Kello, Valeria Jakobson

    Masso, Anu, 1977-


    Keskendutakse diskursustele, mis on seotud riigikeelsele gümnaasiumiõppele üleminekuga senistes vene õppekeelega koolides. Uuring põhineb Tallinnas, Tartus, Ida-Virumaal ja Lätis läbi viidud Q-metodoloogilistel intervjuudel

  3. Maastrichti vahetuskursi ja inflatsioonikriteeriumi täitmine nominaalse konvergentsi perioodil / John Lewis

    Lewis, John


    Kesk- ja Ida-Euroopa riikide euroalasse vastuvõtmise kahe kriteeriumi, vahetuskursi stabiilsuse ja madala inflatsioonitaseme, samaaegse täitmisega seotud probleemidest. Tabelid. Graafikud. Ilmunud ka: Kroon & Economy, nr. 3, 2007, lk. 6-13. - Bibl. lk. 37

  4. Estonia pledges support for Palestine / Matt Withers

    Withers, Matt


    Välisminister Urmas Paet teatas kohtumisel Palestiina välisministri Riyad al-Maliki'ga, et Eesti 12 miljoni krooni suurune annetus Palestiinale aitab kaasa riigi ülesehitamisele ja rahu tagamisele Lähis-Idas

  5. Vidyasagar, Dr Mathukumalli

    Elected: 1992 Section: Engineering & Technology ... Address: Cecil & Ida Green Chair of Systems Biology Science, Erik Jonsson School of Engineering & Computer Science, The University of Texas at Dallas, ... Upcoming Refresher Courses.

  6. Ago Silde : "Olin täiesti ebatüüpiline maavanem" / Ago Silde ; interv. Erik Gamzejev

    Silde, Ago


    Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje : Subbota, 12. mai 2007, lk. 3. Intervjueeritav teeb tagasivaate oma tööle Ida-Viru maavanemana, ka parlamendivalimistest. Arvamust avaldavad Tõnis Seesmaa ja Urve Erikson

  7. Harry Pye postkaart Londonist : Öö maa peal = Harry Pye's Postcard from London : Night on Earth / Harry Pye

    Pye, Harry, 1973-


    Kuraator, kunstnik ja kirjanik Harry Pye kirjeldab Jim Jarmuschi filmist inspireeritud näitust "Night on Earth" Ida-Londonis, endises Viktooria-aegses koolimajas - erinevate inimeste muljed ühest õhtust maakera erinevates paikades koos kunstnike illustratsioonidega

  8. "Predprinimatelstvo - eto neprestizhno" / Jaroslav Tolstikov

    Tolstikov, Jaroslav


    Uurimus Ida-Virumaa Vene noorte hulgas "Noored muutuvas maailmas". Diagrammid: perekondade majanduslik oukord, murettekitavad probleemid, millises riigis soovitakse tulevikus töötada, suhtumine EL-i

  9. Res Publica objedinjajetsja s Sojuzom Otetshestva


    Res Publica ja Isamaaliidu liitumisel tekib uus erakond - Eesti Eest!. Ida-Viru Isamaaliidu ja Res Publica esimeeste Hans Pindre, Vladislav Ponjatovski ning Narva Res Publica endise liidri Nikolai Golubevi arvamused

  10. Demokraatia mitu elu / Karin Dean, Märt Läänemets

    Dean, Karin


    Demokraatiast ühiskonnas Aasia ja Ida-Euroopa riikide näitel. Tallinna Ülikooli Eesti Humanitaarinstituudi korraldatud rahvusvahelisest konverentsist "Demokraatia mitu elu: Euroopast Aasia ja Vaikse ookeani regioonini"

  11. Les aides europeennes aux PECO : Vers une meilleure affectation des fonds? / Aude Hapiot, Assen Slim

    Hapiot, Aude


    Euroopa Liiduga liituvatele Kesk- ja Ida-Euroopa riikidele antud välisabist, erinevatest abiprogrammidest (Phare, ISPA, SAPARD) ja fondidest, abiandmise põhimõtetest ning projektide jaoks raha taotlemise korrast. Tabelid

  12. Who Gets into Government? Coalition Formation in European Democracies / Holger Döring, Johan Hellström

    Döring, Holger


    Valitsuste formeerumise erinev dünaamika 26 euroopa demokraatias (sealhulgas Eesti). Esimene valitsuses osalemise otsustavate tegurite süstemaatiline võrdlus ja erinevused Ida- ja Lääne-Euroopa riikide vahel

  13. Profitability of foreign banks in Central and Eastern Europe. Does the entry mode matter? / Olena Havrylchyk, Emilia Jurzyk

    Havrylchyk, Olena


    Artikli aluseks on Kesk- ja Ida-Euroopas (sh. Eesti) tegutseva 418 panga andmed aastatest 1993-2004, analüüsitakse, kuidas mõjutavad panga turule sisenemise viis ja emapank panga kasumlikkust. Tabelid

  14. Bez kota mõsham razdolje / Jevgeni Kapov

    Kapov, Jevgeni


    Sillamäe linnapea Ain Kiviorgi ja Vaivara vallavanema Veiko Luhalaidi kohtumisest Politseiameti peadirektori Robert Antropovi ja Ida politseiprefekti Kalev Prillopiga, kus arutati seoses politseireformiga Sillamäe regioonis tekkinud korrakaitse probleeme

  15. Review of Department of Defense Education Activity (DODEA) Schools. Volume II: Quantitative Analysis of Educational Quality

    Anderson, Lowell


    This volume compiles, and presents in integrated form, IDA's quantitative analysis of educational quality provided by DoD's dependent schools, It covers the quantitative aspects of volume I in greater...

  16. Prantsusmaa esimene mees alustas lahingutega / Erkki Bahovski

    Bahovski, Erkki, 1970-


    Prantsusmaa presidendi Nicolas Sarkozy soovist rakendada Euroopa Keskpanka Prantsuse majanduse edendamisse ja tuua riik välja välispoliitilisest isolatsioonist. Suhete arendamisest Liibüa, USA, Venemaa ja Ida-Euroopaga

  17. Pathways to Higher Education for Native Hawaiian Individual Development Account Participants

    David W. Rothwell


    Full Text Available As the cost of higher education rises, a growing body of theory and research suggests that asset holding in the form of savings and net worth positively influence education expectations and outcomes. Native Hawaiians, like other Indigenous peoples, have disproportionately low college enrollment and graduation rates tied to a history of colonization. Using data from an Individual Development Account (IDA program for Native Hawaiians, I examine the trajectories through the program and find: (a welfare receipt and unemployment reduces the chances of IDA enrollment; (b net worth increases the probability of IDA graduation; and (c IDA graduates were more likely to gain a college degree over time compared to non-graduates. The study provides empirical evidence to the debate on asset-based interventions for Indigenous peoples.

  18. Visit to China's ARJ21 Aircraft Manufacturing Facility

    Balut, Stephen J; McNicol, David L; Nelson, J. R; Harmon, Bruce R; Holder, Stephen G


    During a December 2007 visit to China to share information about civilian aircraft costs, a delegation from IDA visited the Shanghai Aircraft Manufacturing Facility where the commercial chinese ARJ21...

  19. Fostering deep and comprehensive free trade agreements for the eastern partners / Per Magnus Wijkman

    Wijkman, Per Magnus


    Laiaulatusliku ja kõikehõlmava vabakaubanduslepinguga (DCFTA) liitumise läbirääkimistest ELi idapartnerluse riikidega. Ida-Euroopa riikide ühinemisest kaupade ja teenuste vaba liikumisega. Joonised

  20. Estonia's Alta buys Lauma lingerie


    Eesti investeeringute firma Alta Capital ostis 76,4 protsenti pesutootja Lauma aktsiatest. Tulevikus plaanitakse suunduda Ida- ja Lääne-Euroopa turgudele. Alta Capital omab 79 protsenti Klementi aktsiatest

  1. Keemiaettevõtted otsivad väljapääsu / Külli Kriis

    Kriis, Külli, 1961-


    Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje 3. juuni lk 4. Ida-Virumaal tegutsevate keemiaettevõtete esindajate kohtumisest, kus arutati Euroopa Liidu uue kemikaalidirektiivi (REACH) karmistuvaid nõudeid. Lisa: REACHi negatiivsed mõjud Eesti keemiatööstusele

  2. Kohtla "majamasin" = Kohtla's Mining-Machine / Kaisa Kaer

    Kaer, Kaisa


    Kohtla kaevanduspark Ida-Virumaal. Projekteerijad: Arden Arroval, Joonas Sarapuu / Innopolis Insenerid OÜ. Ekspositsiooni kujundus, sisekujundus ja asendiplaan: Margit Argus, Margit Aule / KAOS Arhitektid. 2014. a. valmib endise rikastusvabriku hoones maapealne külastuskeskus

  3. The Creativity Passdown Effect

    Pries-Heje, Jan


    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to suggest that translating a design theory (DT) into practice (e.g. creating an instance design artifact (IDA)) is hardly straight-forward and requires substantial creativity. Specifically the authors suggest that adopting a DT embodies a creativity passdown...... effect in which the creative thinking of a team of design theorist(s) inherent in DT invokes a creative mind of a team of artifact instance designer(s) in creating an IDA. In this study, the authors empirically investigate the creativity passdown effect through an action case in which a DT (DT nexus...... designer team introducing a previously published DT as a basis for creating an IDA. Findings – The experience in the action case suggests that using a DT in creating an IDA may encourage design thinking, and in certain way increase its power and practical relevance by fostering the creative mind...

  4. Expansion of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and Russian national security strategy : compatible consepts? / Lisa Vining

    Vining, Lisa


    Venemaa julgeolekustrateegiad ja sõjaline doktriin, Venemaa riikliku julgeoleku suurimad ohustajad - Tšetšeenia, Dagestan, Kesk-Aasia ja Kaug-Ida. Võimalused, et Venemaa muudab oma seisukohti NATO laienemise suhtes

  5. Advent Euroopa viienda õiega


    Esimesel advendil Tallinnas toimunud Taivo Pilleri jõuludemonstratsioonil osalesid edukalt ka kaks Ida-Viru lilleseadjat: Karin Lainjärv ja Marietta Rossmann; paremateks tunnistati Irmen Laving, Saale Halla, Heidi Haggi

  6. Kesk-Euroopa on Euroopa Liidu tähtis kaubanduspartner / Lembo Tanning

    Tanning, Lembo


    Kaubandusest Euroopa riikide ja Euroopa Liidu liikmesriikide vahel. Joonised: Kesk-Euroopa maade ekspordi ja -impordipartnerid, ELi eksport-import, ELi riikide väliskaubandus Kesk- ja Ida-Euroopa riikidega

  7. Moodne Magnum kasutab tipptaset / Tanel Raig

    Raig, Tanel, 1975-


    Logistikateo konkursil esikoha saanud Magnum Logisticsi uus ladu on omataolistest Ida-Euroopas moodsaim. Vt. samas: Aasta logistikateo finaali jõudnud tööd olid suunatud efektiivsusele. Kommenteerivad Erki Lehiste ja Indrek Reismann

  8. Eredaid hetki "Pimedatest öödest" / Anne-Malle Hallik

    Hallik, Anne-Malle


    Pimedate Ööde filmifestivali eredamaid muljeid : Mark Soosaare filmid Kinomajas, Danis Tanovici "Eikellegimaa", Ida-Saksamaa indiaanifilmide kangelane - serblasest filminäitleja Gojko Mitic ja David Riva dokumentaalfilm "Marlene Dietrich - tema oma laul"

  9. Milk versus medicine for the treatment of iron deficiency anaemia in hospitalised infants

    Wall, C; Grant, C; Taua, N; Wilson, C; Thompson, J


    Aims: To compare iron fortified follow-on milk (iron follow-on), iron fortified partially modified cows' milk (iron milk), and iron medicine for the treatment of iron deficiency anaemia (IDA) in hospitalised infants.

  10. Roland Peets : Piirivalvur on samasugune teenindaja nagu poemüüjagi / Roland Peets ; interv. Erik Kalda

    Peets, Roland, 1957-


    Ida-Viru piirivalvepiirkonna ülem usub, et paari aasta pärast on Eesti piirivalve valmis valvama EL-i idapiiri. Piirivalve peamised probleemid Eesti-Vene piiril. Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje 4. nov. lk. 5

  11. Mida arvatakse omavalitsustes koolivõrgu optimeerimisest? / Mart Järvik, Maris Liiders, Peeter Aas, Kaarin Veinbergs


    Arvamust avaldasid Järvakandi vallavanem, Raplamaa omavalitsuste liidu esimees Mart Järvik, Harju maavalitsuse haridus- ja sotsiaalosakonna juhataja Maris Liiders, Põlva maavalitsuse haridus- ja sotsiaalosakonna juhataja Peeter Aas, Ida-Viru maavalitsuse haridus- ja sotsiaalosakonna juhataja Kaarin Veinbergs

  12. 19. ja 20. IV toimub Tartu kõrgemas kunstikoolis...


    Konverentsi "Sharing the Future?", mis on pühendatud foto ja uue meedia hariduse küsimustele endises Ida-Euroopas, kava. Inglise fotograafi Robin Dance'i isiknäitus "Jaapani maastikud" Sebra galeriis

  13. Vaiksed professionaalid USA erivägedes on tulevased liidrid / Neeme Raud

    Raud, Neeme, 1969-


    USA eriüksuste juhid kinnitavad esiterrorist Osama bin Ladeni peatset tabamist. Floridas Tampas asuvast USA Lähis-Ida operatsioonide peastaabist. Lisa: USA erioperatsioonide keskused. Vt. samas: Ameerika pikk ja väsitav sõda

  14. Anna-Maria Galojan: jah-liikumisega võivad liituda kõik soovijad / Anna-Maria Galojan ; interv. Ishtvan Ban

    Galojan, Anna-Maria, 1982-


    Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje : Subbota 2. aug. lk. 1. Eesti Euroopa liikumise Ida-Virumaa tugikeskuse piirkondlik koordinaator Anna-Maria Galojan oma organisatsioonist, noorte vabatahtlike tööst

  15. Sõõrumaa turvaraha voolab Eestist välja / Hindrek Riikoja

    Riikoja, Hindrek


    Suurärimees Urmas Sõõrumaa firma US Invest müüs veerandi Falckist G4S Balticuks muundunud turvafirmast, saadud rahast neljandiku suunab ta Ida-Euroopa kinnisvarasse ja energeetikasse. Lisa: US Invest

  16. Eesti maksusüsteem liitumisel Euroopa Liiduga / Olev Raju

    Raju, Olev, 1948-


    Ülevaade Eesti maksusüsteemi kujunemisest ja makromajanduslikust toimest alates 1993. aastast. Tabelid: Eesti majanduse arengut iseloomustavaid arve 1998-2003; Ettevõtte tulumaksu iseloomustavaid arve Ida-Euroopa maades (2002)

  17. No miracles for EU candidates / Jean-Luc Testault

    Testault, Jean-Luc


    Kuigi Iirimaa majanduskasv on Euroopa Liidus olnud märkimisväärne, prognoositakse, et Ida-Euroopa liituvate riikide majandus hakkab Euroopa Liidus arenema Portugali ja Hispaania majandusmudeli järgi

  18. Development of an integrated data acquision system for research vessels

    Mehra, P.; Desai, R.G.P.

    This article describes an integrated data acquisition system (IDAS) designed and developed for multi-oceanographic research vessels. The prime motivation was to provide a flexible system, which could be used in the context of ocean related...

  19. SOS euroallutajate tagalas / Uno Silberg

    Silberg, Uno, 1964-


    Autori arvates on tekkinud klassikaline revolutsioonieelne situatsioon, mille on kaasa toonud kasvav lõhe EL-i vastaste ja selle pooldajate vahel. Euroskeptitsism. Diagramm: Toetus Euroopa Liiduga liitumisele Baltimaades ning Kesk- ja Ida-Euroopa riikides

  20. Microsoft võttis Eesti koostööpakkumise vastu / Kristjan Otsmann

    Otsmann, Kristjan, 1971-


    Ida-Euroopa riikide ja Microsofti ümarlaud Slovakkias Bratislavas. Microsofti asutaja Bill Gates oli huvitatud Meelis Atoneni ettepanekust, et riik korraldab oma kodanikele Microsofti tarkvara rentimise neile vastuvõetava hinnaga