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Sample records for lingua italiana studi

  1. LA LINGUA ITALIANA E LE SCUOLE ITALIANE NEL TERRITORIO ISTRIANO

    Chiara De Battisti

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available L’articolo ricostruisce brevemente, dal punto di vista storico, le vicende della comunità italiana in Istria per contestualizzarne i mutamenti di carattere linguistico e socioculturale che essa ha vissuto, in particolare dal secondo dopoguerra ad oggi. Sulla base di studi e indagini  recenti, vengono prese in esame le lingue e i dialetti parlati dalla comunità italiana, la realtà multilingue e multiculturale dell’Istria attuale,  le istituzioni italiane presenti nel territorio istriano e la loro attività finalizzata alla permanenza della lingua e cultura italiana nella regione. In particolare si ricostruisce la storia della scuola di lingua italiana, le sue origini, il suo declino dopo la cessione dell’Istria alla Yugolaslavia e durante i difficili e drammatici anni dell’esodo di molti italiano dalla regione, la sua rinascita ed evoluzione dal 1980 ad oggi. Delle scuole di lingua italiana, che attualmente operano sia nel territorio istriano che fa parte della Slovenia sia in quello che fa parte della Croazia, si analizza la loro distribuzione nella regione, la loro organizzazione, il ruolo della lingua italiana come materia, come lingua di scolarizzazione e come lingua straniera, i problemi, ancora aperti, della formazione degli insegnanti e dei libri di testo, e si valuta la loro possibilità di evoluzione e di sviluppo.     Italian language and Italian schools in the territory if Istria   This article briefly discusses, from the historical point of view, the Italian community in Istria to contextualize the linguistic and socio cultural changes that have taken place in the region, especially after WWII. Based on recent surveys and studies, languages and dialects spoken in the Italian community, the multilungual and multicultural reality of Istria are examined, as well as the Italian institutions in the Istrian territory and their efforts to conserve Italian language and culture in the area.  In particular, the history of

  2. Italiano per Cinesi – Didael. Corso di lingua italiana online.

    Franca Bosc

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 14 MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Tabella normale"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman";} Per gli apprendenti sinofoni la lingua italiana, con la sua complessità e fragilità morfologica, rappresenta  un ostacolo notevole. Il corso  pone attenzione alla lontananza tipologica delle due lingue con schede grammaticali in cinese e, soprattutto, i livelli A1 e A2 hanno una progressione molto controllata per fissare le basi della lingua italiana. Sono disponibili un Glossario, tre diversi tipi di dizionario (il dizionario automatico, il dizionario, visuale e il dizionario fraseologico e approfondimenti culturali. Si tratta di un corso completo che consente di sviluppare le competenze previste  dal Quadro Comune Europeo; il modello formativo è flessible e prevede varie opzioni di erogazione.  Normal 0 14 MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Tabella normale"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman";} For Chinese speakers Italian, in all its complexity and morphological fragility, represents a great obstacle.  This course takes into careful account the distance between the two language types, with grammar fact cards in Chinese and, above all, progression at levels A1 and A2 which is very carefully controlled in order to establish the bases of the Italian language.  A Glossary, three different types of dictionary (an automatic dictionary, a visual dictionary and a dictionary of phrases

  3. LINGUA ITALIANA E IDENTITÀ: IL CASO DEL FUMETTO PANINARO

    User

    Sprache und Generationen/Lingua ed età. In: Holtus, G.; Metzeltin, M. e Schmitt,. C. (ed.) Lexiconder Romanistischen. Linguistik. Tübingen: MaxNiemeyerVerlag: 231-236. Culicchia, G. 2009. Brucia la città. Milano: Mondadori. Forconi A. 1988. La mala lingua. Dizionario dello. «slang» italiano. Milano: Sugarco. Edizioni.

  4. LINGUA ITALIANA E LINGUA NAZIONALE IN ALCUNE PARTITURE DI MUSICA GIAPPONESE

    Marco Giardini

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available L’articolo intende esaminare le caratteristiche principali dell’«italiano musicale» in alcune partiture del repertorio vocale classico giapponese del XIX e del XX secolo. Nella parte introduttiva vengono esaminati i tratti principali della storia e della cultura musicale giapponese, con particolare riferimento all’introduzione del sistema occidentale e alla sua fusione con il repertorio preesistente durante l’epoca Meiji; vengono successivamente presentati in traduzione alcuni brani particolarmente rappresentativi, con alcune indicazioni biografiche sui rispettivi autori.Nella seconda parte, viene esaminato più nel dettaglio il lessico musicale in alcune partiture, seguendo la seguente classificazione: 1 indicazioni sul genere e sul titolo delle composizioni; 2 indicazioni di carattere agogico e di espressione; 3 indicazione di carattere dinamico. Particolare attenzione è dedicata alle motivazioni che spingono i compositori giapponesi ad alternare la lingua italiana alla lingua nazionale, nonché alla capacità dell’«italiano musicale» di adattarsi alle peculiari esigenze espressive di un orizzonte artistico piuttosto lontano da quello europeo. Italian and Japanese language in some japanese music scoresThe article will examine the main features of Italian musical language in some scores of the Japanese classical vocal repertoire of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. The introductory part reviews the main features of the history and culture of Japanese music, particularly in the context of the Western system and its merging with the existing repertoire during the Meiji era; some particularly significant translated excerpts are presented, with some biographical information about the authors.In the second part, the musical lexicon in some scores is examined in greater depth, classified in the following manner: 1 details of the type and title of the compositions; 2 agogic and expressive aspects; 3 indication of the dynamics

  5. LA SCRITTURA MIGRANTE: LA MIA LINGUA E LA MIA NUOVA LINGUA ITALIANA

    Paola Luigia Cattoretti

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Acquisire una nuova lingua non è mai un percorso semplice. Il cammino che il migrante deve compiere per apprendere l'italiano è costellato di difficoltà e di ostacoli dovuti ad emozioni contrastanti, al  trauma causato dall'esperienza della migrazione, dalle condizioni, spesso di forte disagio, di lavoro, del contesto in cui si trova a svolgere una nuova vita, dalla qualità o meno dell'accoglienza, dalle possibilità reali, sul piano sociale, di integrazione. Lo scopo di questo articolo consiste nel mettere in evidenza il passaggio complesso dalla lingua madre alla cosiddetta lingua adottiva, mostrando come in taluni casi l'italiano, imparato nei corsi per stranieri o a scuola dai più giovani sia divenuto uno straordinario strumento grazie al quale poter evocare il paese d'origine e raccontare il proprio vissuto. Lo scrivere in una lingua diversa permette al migrante non solo di narrare fatti ed esperienze che magari preferirebbe non raccontare nella lingua madre, ma di diventare costruttore di cultura.   Learning a new language is never a simple task. The new-comer's experience of learning Italian is marked by difficulties and obstacles caused by contrasting emotions, the trauma from the experience of migration, the often difficult work conditions, the living conditions in the host country, the presence or absence of feeling welcomed, and the real chances for social integration. This paper aims at highlighting the complex passage from the mother tongue to the so-called adopted language, showing how in some cases learning Italian, thanks to courses for foreigners or as children at school, has become a wonderful tool for evoking the home country and telling about life there. Writing in another language allows migrants not only to recount facts and experiences that they might prefer not to tell in their own language, but it is a cultural building block as well.

  6. L’INSEGNAMENTO DELLA LINGUA E DELLA CULTURA ITALIANA IN CORSI “BLENDED” E ONLINE

    Daniela Bartalesi-Graf

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Questo articolo inizia con una discussione del contributo delle nuove tecnologie Web 2.0 alla creazione e alla condivisione di conoscenze, e di come queste tecnologie abbiamo influenzato il modo in cui i nostri studenti imparano, il modo in cui noi insegniamo e la missione dei nostri programmi, specialmente negli Stati Uniti dove insegno. Segue l’analisi di un’iniziativa del nostro Dipartimento di Italianistica al Wellesley College per rispondere a questi cambiamenti: la creazione di un corso online di lingua e cultura italiana offerto in vari contesti, vale a dire come corso estivo SPOC (Small Private Online Course; come corso “blended”a Wellesley College e al MIT, e come MOOC (Massive Open Online Course sulla piattaforma edX. L’articolo si conclude con alcune proposte concrete per rafforzare i nostri programmi: queste includono la creazione di una piattaforma per condividere il nostro materiale didattico (digitale e non, per valutare i nostri programmi e i risultati raggiunti dagli studenti. Teaching “blended” and online italian language and culture courses This article begins with a discussion of the contribution of new Web 2.0 technologies in the creation and sharing of knowledge, and how these technologies have affected the way in which our students learn, the way we teach and the mission of our programs, especially in the US where I teach. This is followed by analysis of an initiative of the Department of Italian Studies at Wellesley College in response to these changes: the creation of an online Italian culture and language course offered in various contexts, i.e. as a summer SPOC (Small Private Online Course course; as a “blended” course at Wellesley College and MIT, and as a MOOC (Massive Open Online Course on the EDX platform. The article concludes with some concrete proposals to strengthen these programs. These include the creation of a platform to share educational materials (digital and otherwise and to evaluate

  7. Oana Sălişteanu Cristea, Introduzione alla dialettologia italiana, Tra lingua e dia­ letto, Editura DAIM, Bucureşti 2002, 160 pagine

    Pavao Tekavčić

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available La professoressa dall'Ateneo di Bucarest, in cui insegna lessicologia, filologia e dialettologia italiana, ci ha regalato due anni fa un primo volume dedicato all'italiano, Prestito latino - elemento ereditario nel lessico de/la lingua italiana. Doppioni e va­ rianti, Praga 2000. Adesso la studiosa ci offre un' altra opera, citata nel titolo della nos­ tra recensione. 11 libro, diciamolo subito, trascende i limiti della filologia italiana, essendo di notevole interesse e importanza per varie altre discipline linguistiche.

  8. Lingua italiana e immagini dell’Italia nella scrittura migrante di Concetta Coppolino

    Margherita Di Salvo

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Concetta Copolino, nata a Mazzarà Sant’Andrea (ME nel 1939, migrò a Cambridge (Inghilterra come donna delle pulizie. Quando arrivò in Inghilterra nel 1957, non conosceva l’inglese. Ma, dopo molti anni in Inghilterra e senza andare a scuola, è riuscita a imparare la lingua con cui ha scritto due romanzi, A Difficult Situation e A Volcanic Destiny. Al suo primo romanzo, A Difficult Situation, è dedicato il presente contributo, che si propone la sua analisi linguistica e culturale.

  9. Giuseppe Patota, Grammatica di riferimento della lingua italiana per stranieri, Società Dante Alighieri; Firenze, Le Monnier, 2003; 424 pp.

    Pavao Tekavčić

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Fra le tante grammatiche della lingua italiana pubblicate finora quella che qui recensiamo occupa un posto particolare grazie a certe qualità che mettteremo in rilievo, naturalmente in modo succinto, date le dimensioni della recensione.L'autore, professore all'Atteneo di Siena, ha pubblicato ultimamente alcuni titoli di carattere divulgativo (si veda la copertina anteriore interna e l'opera presente continua quest'attività, tanto utile quanto importante per quanti si dedicano all'i­taliano.

  10. Cultura e interazioni sociali: riflessioni sulla storia, sulla geografia e sulla lingua italiana per una didattica contemporanea interculturale

    Giorgio Rini

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Riassunto Volgendo lo sguardo verso la complessità sociale non possiamo non sentire la necessità di fare alcune riflessioni che riguardano i contatti con le altre culture sia sul piano didattico, nella scuola, sia sull’interazione sociale. Da questo punto di vista appare urgente una riflessione approfondita che vada a toccare i valori espressi dalla multiculturalità, se non altro per com-prendere meglio il contesto locale nel quale viviamo. Allo scopo vogliamo partire proprio da lontano nel tempo e partiamo dal concetto di mito e dalle narrazioni in esso contenute.A nostro avviso i concetti espressi dal mito si prestano molto bene per la costruzione di un percorso che questo lavoro vuole sviluppare e che toccherà da vicino alcune riflessioni sulla lingua italiana, sulla storia e sulla geografia. Si tratta di prendere le mosse dai risvolti che le vicende mitologiche assumono per farne una rilettura di carattere pedagogico, antropologico e psicologico. Parole chiave: interculturalità, interazione, storia, didattica, contesto locale, scuolaCultures and social interactions: reflections on history, geography and Italian lan-guage for a contemporary intercultural didactics AbstractIf you look towards the current social complexity we certainly feel the need to make some reflections concerning contacts with other cultures both in terms of teaching in the school, and on a social level. From this point of view, an in-depth reflection seems urgent which hits the values expressed by many cultures, even if only to better understand the local context we live in, and the necessary changes for a new structure intercultural learning. With this intent, we want to start from far away in time and we start from the concept of myth and the narratives contained in it. In our opinion, the concepts expressed by myth apply very well to the construction of a path that this work aims at developing and that will closely touch some reflections on the Italian language

  11. LE STAZIONI DI APPRENDIMENTO: ESEMPI DIDATTICI PER UN APPROCCIO DI TIPO GLOBALE ALL’INSEGNAMENTO DELLA LINGUA ITALIANA A STRANIERI

    Antonietta Gobbis

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Il metodo, che si rifà alle teorie pedagogiche di Maria Montessori (1870-1952, è un esempio di lezione “aperta” fondato su pratiche che attivano la sfera emozionale, sensoriale e relazionale oltre a quella logico-razionale della mente. Nel processo di apprendimento di conoscenze acquisite non solo attraverso l’ascolto delle parole dell’insegnante, ma anche attraverso esperienze scelte autonomamente e consapevolmente da soli e in gruppo, l’ambiente delle stazioni didattiche offre tutto il materiale di sviluppo cognitivo in maniera che sia liberamente fruibile dal discente per favorirne la socializzazione e l’autonomia (secondo il motto di Maria Montessori ‘Aiutami a fare da solo’. A lezione esse non solo offrono varietà, comunicazione e divertimento ma, e in ciò è il loro massimo pregio, differenziazione interna al gruppo degli studenti, che possono, senza alcuna pressione da parte dei compagni, lavorare al proprio ritmo e livello scegliendogli esercizi secondo le preferenze individuali lungo un percorso aperto a canali diversi di apprendimento e orientato ad un vivace interscambio con gli altri.Il nostro contributo fa riferimento a tre esempi di stazioni didattiche legate alle feste che più richiamano l’attenzione degli studenti stranieri sul nostro paese: il Natale e il Carnevale. Tali tematiche mostrano come il modello della stazioni didattiche riesca a rapportarsi al vissuto degli studenti motivandoli al raffronto interculturale. Le abbiamo sperimentate in gruppi di studenti dell’Università delle Lingue Mondiali di Tashkent che frequentano il primo e secondo anno del corso di Italiano, studiato come seconda lingua.   Learning stations: didactic examples for a global teaching method This method, based on Maria Montessori’s educational theories, is an example of “open” lessons based on activities that activate emotions, senses and relationships, besides logic and reason. In the learning process knowledge is

  12. Balzac e la lingua italiana

    Raffaele De Cesare

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Several years ago, René Guise and I embarked on the enterprise of showing Balzac’s knowledge of the Italian language, that is to say, both the quantity and the quality of his quotations in this language. Now, returning to the subject on my own, my aim is not to produce a complete catalogue of the Italian references occurring in Balzac but rather to reassemble a mosaic that, while lacking some tesserae, provides the reader with a clear idea of the features and dimensions of this literary aspect in one of the greatest eighteenth-century French authors.

  13. Notes on English used as a lingua franca as an object of study

    Mortensen, Janus

    2013-01-01

    This article discusses how English used as a lingua franca (ELF) can be defined as an object of study. It offers a critical appraisal of a high-profile definition of ELF (the VOICE/Seidlhofer definition), and argues that definitions of this kind, whether purposely or not, in effect invite...... approach to the conceptualization of ELF where ELF is defined in straightforward functional terms as the use of English in a lingua franca language scenario. This definition underscores the complexity and breadth of ELF as an object of study, and highlights that researchers in the field of ELF studies need...

  14. IL RUOLO DELLA FORMAZIONE NELLA PROMOZIONE DELLA LINGUA E DELLA CULTURA ITALIANA. INTERVISTA AL PROFESSOR ROBERTO GRECI, PRESIDE DELLA FACOLTÀ DI LETTERE E FILOSOFIA DELL’UNIVERSITÀ DI PARMA

    Valentina Zenoni

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available La formazione rappresenta uno strumento basilare nella promozione della lingua e della cultura italiana. L’argomento è articolato e complesso perché abbraccia diverse questioni. Da un lato va sostenuto l’utilizzo di mezzi adeguati, come quello telematico, che favoriscono e facilitano la diffusione all’estero. Dall’altro la proposta didattica di università e scuole deve essere riorganizzata alla luce delle nuove esigenze formative. Il ruolo degli atenei italiani potrebbe diventare più incisivo se si adeguassero maggiormente agli standard esteri, in modo da favorire la circolazione di studenti anche verso e non soltanto dall’Italia. Per quanto riguarda, invece, il tipo di formazione da sostenere, va riqualificata quella umanistica e tradizionale, non perché rappresenti la cultura nella sua totalità ma perché costituisce un patrimonio che caratterizza il nostro paese e non deve andare perso. Abbiamo parlato di queste tematiche con il Professor Roberto Greci, Preside della Facoltà di Lettere e Filosofia dell’Università di Parma e Presidente del Consiglio scientifico e didattico del Consorzio Interuniversitario ICoN, Italian Culture On the Net.     The role of training in the promotion of Italian language and culture. An interview with Professor Roberto Greci, Dean of the Literature and Philosophy Faculty at the University of Parma   Training represents a basic tool in promoting Italian language and culture.  The topic is complex because it encompasses diverse issues.  On the one hand appropriate means are needed, like telematic resources, which encourage and facilitate spreading abroad.  On the other, university and school courses need to be reorganized in light of the new training needs.  The role of Italian universities could to be stronger if they met foreign standards, to promote the circulation of students towards and not just away from Italy.  As far as regards the type of training to be undertaken, the humanistic

  15. Empréstimos de origem italiana na terminologia gastronômica

    Paola Giustina Baccin

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available Nella terminologia gastronomica della lingua portoghese si trovano unità lessicali provenienti della lingua italiana, adattate o no, dizionarizzate o no. L´adattamento al sistema e alle norme della lingua ricevente rivela che i forestierismi, oltre ad intregarla, modficano anche  la visione del mondo dei parlanti e, a loro volta, vengono modificati da questa visione del mondo, acquistando nuovi semi.

  16. Emilio Pasquini, ed., Studi e problemi di critica testuale: 1960-2010. Per i 150 anni della Commissione per i testi di lingua

    Giuseppe Di Stefano

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Reseña de Emilio Pasquini, ed., Studi e problemi di critica testuale: 1960-2010. Per i 150 anni della Commissione per i testi di lingua, Commissione per i testi di lingua (Collezione di opere inedite o rare, 169, Bologna, 2012, x + 320 pp. ISBN: 9788898096152.

  17. Emilio Pasquini, ed., Studi e problemi di critica testuale: 1960-2010. Per i 150 anni della Commissione per i testi di lingua

    Di Stefano, Giuseppe

    2016-01-01

    Reseña de Emilio Pasquini, ed., Studi e problemi di critica testuale: 1960-2010. Per i 150 anni della Commissione per i testi di lingua, Commissione per i testi di lingua (Collezione di opere inedite o rare, 169), Bologna, 2012, x + 320 pp. ISBN: 9788898096152.

  18. Ranunculus lingua

    Pedersen, Ole

    2018-01-01

    Vast areas of North America and Northern Europe were covered by ice during the last ice age and most present day lakes and streams were formed as the icecap melted some 10-15,000 years ago. New lakes and streams are constantly formed by natural processes, but also by human activities. Constructed...... these are often permanently waterfilled they also support a rich truly aquatic vegetation. The present article portraits the amphibious Ranunculus lingua from a gravel pit that was abandoned in 1974 when the construction of the nearby freeway was completed....

  19. La teoria dell’embodiment e il processo di apprendimento e insegnamento di una lingua

    Giovanni Buccino

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Questo articolo si compone di tre parti principali: nella prima parte vengono riportati in modo sintetico i risultati empirici di studi che sostengono la teoria del linguaggio incarnato, termine con il quale viene tradotto in lingua italiana il termine inglese embodied. Nella seconda parte vengono descritti alcuni aspetti di recenti approcci proposti per l’insegnamento e l’apprendimento di una lingua per sottolineare come, soprattutto a partire dalla seconda metà del secolo scorso, questi approcci hanno tentato di implementare nella didattica delle lingue dati empirici provenienti dalle neuroscienze di base. Infine, nella terza parte vengono suggerite alcune implicazioni per l’insegnamento delle lingue che trovano il loro fondamento nella prospettiva del linguaggio incarnato.

  20. Il volgare e il principe. Politica culturale e questione della lingua alla corte di Cosimo

    Margherita Quaglino

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Il principato di Cosimo I rappresenta un periodo di snodo fondamentale per la questione della lingua italiana. Il contributo ripercorre la bibliografia degli ultimi vent’anni con l’intento di definirne le principali traiettorie e individuarne l’originalità e le prospettive future rispetto agli studi precedenti. Sono esaminati in particolare gli studi relativi all’opera di Benedetto Varchi e Vincenzio Borghini; ai volgarizzamenti di Giovan Battista Gelli e Cosimo Bartoli; alla redazione e all’edizione delle Vite di Vasari e al rapporto tra letterati e artisti nella celebrazione del potere.

  1. LA LINGUA PER STUDIARE: UNA RASSEGNA BIBLIOGRAFICA

    Marina Tassara

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available I libri di testo adottati nelle scuole contengono parole sconosciute e costruzioni sintattiche e testuali complesse che rappresentano dei veri e propri “muri linguistici” per gli alunni stranieri che non possiedono una buona conoscenza della lingua italiana. Ciò facilmente determina un divario di competenze tra l’apprendente straniero e i suoi compagni e ritardi scolastici molto spesso incolmabili con conseguente perdita di motivazione e di autostima, senso di frustrazione e isolamento che a volte sfocia in un disagio psico-sociale. Tra gli strumenti adottati dalla scuola italiana per far fronte a questo problema vi sono i testi disciplinari ad alta comprensibilità che, pur mantenendo la maggior parte delle informazioni, le veicolano in una forma più semplice dal punto di vista linguistico. L’articolo fornisce una bibliografia di manuali ad alta comprensibilità il più possibile aggiornata suddivisa per ordine e grado di scuola e per materia scolastica, con l’intento di fornire agli insegnanti un aiuto nella scelta e nel reperimento dei testi.     Language for study:  a bibliography   Textbooks used in schools contain unknown words and complex sentence constructions that create real “linguistic barriers” for foreign students who do not know Italian well.  This creates an abyss between the competence of the foreign learner and his or her classmates and unsuccessful school performance which is often not made up for and leads to a loss of self-esteem, frustration, isolation, and ultimately to psycho-social malaise.  Among the tools utilized in the Italian school system to address this problem are highly comprehensible textbooks which, while containing most of the information, express the content in simpler language.  This article offers an up-dated bibliography of textbooks which are easily understandable, divided according to order and grade of school, for teachers to use in choosing the textbooks for their classes.

  2. LINGUA È LAVORO E LAVORO È LINGUA

    Matilde Grünhage-Monetti

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available L'articolo presenta e riesamina criticamente i risultati centrali di una ricerca di etnografia aziendale sulla comunicazione sul posto di lavoro condotta in Germania fra il 2007 e il 2009 allo scopo di individuare i requisiti linguistico-comunicativi richiesti da mansioni non necessariamente specializzate. Scopo ultimo dell’indagine è di fornire una base empirica per lo sviluppo dell’apprendimento e insegnamento della lingua due (in questo caso il tedesco ad adulti immigrati per un’inclusione sostenibile nel lavoro e nella società. La comunicazione è oggi parte integrante del lavoro per tutti i dipendenti, a tutti i livelli, in tutti i settori. La competenza linguistico-comunicativa è una componente di base della competenza professionale, necessaria per interagire adeguatamente per la produzione di prodotti e servizi nelle reti sociali in questione (colleghi, superiori, clienti, ecc.. Il lavoro offre possibilità non ancora sufficientemente sfruttate per l’apprendimento formale, non formale e informale della lingua due, che è al tempo stesso motivante, efficace ed efficiente. Language is work and work is language This article presents and critically reviews the main results of a study on corporate ethnography on communication in the workplace carried out in Germany between 2007 and 2009 in order to identify the linguistic and communicative requirements for not necessarily specialized tasks. The underlying aim of the study was to provide an empirical basis for the development of learning and teaching of the two languages (in this case German to adult immigrants for sustainable inclusion in the workplace and in society. Communication is an integral part of work for employees at all levels, in all areas. Linguistic and communicative competence is a basic professional skill, necessary to manufacture products and offer services in the social networks being examined (colleagues, superiors, clients, etc.. Work offers opportunities that

  3. Ricadute metalinguistiche dell'insegnamento dell'esperanto sulla lingua materna dell'alunno: Un'esperienza nella scuola media italiana (Metalinguistic Benefits of Planned Language Instruction: The Case of Esperanto in an Italian Secondary School).

    Pinto, Maria Antonietta; Corsetti, Renato

    2001-01-01

    Two groups of secondary school students participated in an experiment on the effect of Esperanto instruction on their metalinguistic abilities. The group that studied Esperanto for a full school year achieved better results on independently developed tests of metalinguistic ability in comparison with the control group. Results suggest the teaching…

  4. Bisogni linguistici dei discenti di italiano alla scuola di lingua e cultura italiana per stranieri di Siena (Linguistic Needs of Students of Italian at the School of Italian Language and Culture for Foreigners of Siena).

    Maggini, Massimo; Parigi, Valerio

    1986-01-01

    Presents the results of a questionnaire administered to students of Italian at the School for Foreigners of Siena to determine the following: (1) student characteristics; (2) student motivations for studying Italian; (3) student interests; (4) student linguistic needs; and (5) student evaluation of the program. (CFM)

  5. apprendere una lingua straniera: tempo e spazio nella cultura italiana

    User

    partecipazione al programma Erasmus/Socrates, 1 che prevede programmi integrati di insegnamento tra le Università partecipanti e un sistema di riconoscimento reciproco delle attività svolte attraverso l'assegnazione di crediti. Dall'altra, hanno il compito di coordinare maggiormente la formazione universitaria in relazione ...

  6. L’ITALIANO LINGUA STRANIERA IN IRLANDA

    Marco Zeni

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available L'Irlanda è recentemente divenuta un paese di immigrazione. Se la presenza di immigrati italiani non è significativa lo studio dell'italiano LS è invece discretamente diffuso, sebbene non ai livelli ben  maggiori del francese, del tedesco e dello spagnolo. L'articolo presenta un'analisi quantitativa dell'offerta e dello studio dell'italiano LS nelle scuole e nelle università irlandesi. L'analisi è stata condotta raccogliendo dati  da fonti istituzionali,  da siti internet, da materiale cartaceo, ma si fonda anche su esperienze dirette di insegnamento dell'italiano in Irlanda da parte dell'autore. Il risultato è il computo numerico degli studenti che studiano l'italiano come LS nelle scuole superiori e dell'offerta didattica delle maggiori università irlandesi e in particolare della National University of Ireland di Galway di cui si presentano i diversi corsi di lingua e di cultura italiana.    Ireland has recently attracted more and more immigration. Even if there are not many Italian immigrants living in Ireland, the study of Italian as a foreign language is quite wide-spread, although not quite as popular as French, German and Spanish. This paper is a quantitative analysis of the study of Italian as a foreign language in Irish schools and universities. The survey was carried out using data from institutional sources, internet sites, printed materials as well as the author's personal experience teaching Italian in Ireland. The results illustrate the number of students studying Italian as a foreign language in high schools and the courses offered in the main Irish universities, in particular at the National University of Ireland in Galway, which offers numerous courses on Italian language and culture. 

  7. QUANDO LA LINGUA SI FA PENSIERO

    Daniela Finocchi

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available Il Concorso letterario nazionale Lingua Madre, ideato nel 2005 da Daniela Finocchi, è un progetto permanente di Regione Piemonte e del Salone Internazionale del Libro di Torino diretto alle donne straniere (o di origine straniera con una sezione per le donne italiane. Nasce per creare relazione, scambio, confronto, per favorire la conoscenza reciproca e mettere in dialogo culture, identità, esperienze diverse. Tutto questo attraverso la scrittura in lingua italiana e tramite la fotografia. Una grande rete a disposizione delle donne, chiamate a raccontare e a raccontarsi in piena libertà e autonomia, a esprimersi al di fuori degli stereotipi, delle “norme” e delle “pre-iscrizioni” culturali e sociali, a giocare parti di sé tramite la parola. 
La lingua dà corpo a immaginari, desideri, mondi interiori e così si fa pensiero e diviene strumento indispensabile per conquistare il diritto a esistere e ad avere voce.   When language becomes thought The “Lingua Madre” national literary competition, founded in 2005 by Daniela Finocchi, is a permanent project of the Piedmont Region and the Turin International Book Fair aimed at foreign (born women, with a section for Italian women. It is aimed at developing relationships, exchanges, dialogues, promoting mutual knowledge and creating dialogue between different cultures, identities and experiences through writing in Italian and photography. A large network is available to women, so they can talk in full freedom and autonomy, express themselves outside stereotypes, “norms”, cultural and social prejudices and explore themselves through words. Language gives substance to ideas, desires, inner worlds, becoming thought, and is thus an indispensable tool to exist and have a voice.

  8. Akkadian as Lingua Franca

    Nett, Seraina

    In the later second millennium BC, the Akkadian language functions as lingua franca, the language of international communication and diplomacy, over a vast area, ranging from Egypt to Anatolia and from Cyprus to Iran. This dissertation investigates the form, function, and use of Akkadian dialects...

  9. Business English as a Lingua Franca (BELF)

    Wu, Yan

    2013-01-01

    This paper examines BELF (Business English as a Lingua Franca) teaching and researching in China. A literature review is conducted using the China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) database. This survey includes a cursory literature search on BELF and a thorough literature study of 12 Chinese major academic journals. From the data collected…

  10. Uso de textos literários no ensino de língua italiana

    Amarilis Gallo Coelho

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: O emprego de textos literários no ensino de língua e cultura italiana a estrangeiros comprova sua eficiência na medida em que favorece a aproximação entre alunos e contextos sociolingüísticos narrados. A aplicabilidade deste corpus tão variado é ainda definida pela necessidade de romper, durante o ensino do idioma, as barreiras que dificultam a compreensão do repertório lingüístico italiano, principalmente no tocante às peculiaridades espaço-temporais tais como dialetos e regionalismos.Palavras-chave: Língua italiana; lingüística aplicada; ensino e aprendizagem de língua estrangeira; literatura.Abstract: L’importanza dei testi letterari utilizzati come metodo didattico nell’insegnamento della lingua italiana viene afermata dall’avvicinamento riuscito tra gli studenti ed i contesti sociolinguistici diversi. Oltre a questo, l’analisi di un corpus così vario, rende possibile una maggior facilità nella comprensione dei fatti linguistici peculiari, come i dialetti ed i regionalismi.Parole chiave: Lingua italiana; linguistica applicata; insegnamento ed apprendimento delle lingue straniere; letteratura.Keywords: Italian; applied linguistics; foreign language teanching and learning; literature.

  11. LINGUA E TEATRO: L’ITALIANO, UN DRAMMA?

    Sara Faggiano

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available L’articolo ha lo scopo di mostrare, attraverso esempi e proposte didattiche, come si possa, attraverso l’esperienza teatrale, sviluppare l’apprendimento della lingua italiana come LS  contemporaneamente alla consapevolezza interculturale degli apprendenti stranieri  e creare un contesto  di accoglienza e inclusione.  La “glottodidattica teatrale” è un metodo che non consente solo di agire sull’apprendimento della lingua straniera e sulle difficoltà linguistiche e comunicative che gli allievi possono incontrare in tale processo, ma anche di affrontare e cercare di superare problemi determinati dalla condizione di discriminazione linguistica, culturale, religiosa, relazionale e sociale in cui spesso si viene a trovare lo studente immigrato.  Fare teatro con finalità formative e per favorire il processo di inclusione degli apprendenti stranieri è una modalità didattica da proporre a scuola originale ed efficace. Grazie a questa esperienza l’immigrato raggiunge lo scopo di conoscere la lingua italiana attraverso il teatro coniugando formazione e divertimento.   Language and theater: italian, a drama? This article aims at showing through examples and didactic activities, how the theater can develop learning Italian as a foreign language together with the intercultural awareness of foreign learners and create contexts for inclusion and learning.  “Theatrical glottodidactics” is a method that does not only allow for  dealing with learning a foreign language and the linguistic and communicative  difficulties students may encounter, but also for dealing with and attempting to overcome these problems caused by the linguistic, cultural, religious, relational and social discrimination which foreign students may be subject to.  Doing theater in a didactic setting and to encourage the inclusion of foreign students is an original and effective method to employ in the school setting.  Thanks to this experience the foreigner can

  12. L’insegnamento della lingua e letteratura italiane a Cuba.

    Mayerìn Bello Valdés

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 14 MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Tabella normale"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman";} Nel suo articolo l’autrice ricostruisce la storia dell’insegnamento delle lingua e della letteratura italiane a Cuba dal Novecento ai giorni nostri, e fornisce una ricca documentazione sui corsi di italiano, sugli studi e  sulle opere più importanti pubblicate a Cuba sulla nostra letteratura e sulle manifestazioni realizzate per la diffusione della cultura italiana nel paese. In particolare riferisce dell’importante ruolo svolto dalla rivista “Cuadernos de italianística cubana” – e dalle istituzioni accademiche e culturali che ad essa fanno riferimento – nel campo della ricerca linguistica, della glottodidattica, dello studio della cultura italiana nelle sue diverse manifestazioni, tra cui la musica e l’opera lirica, e nella diffusione dell’italiano attraverso specifici programmi televisivi.  Normal 0 14 MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Tabella normale"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman";} In her article the author reconstructs the history of Italian language and literature teaching in Cuba from the Nineteen Hundreds up to the present and provides a wealth of documentation on the Italian courses, studies and the most important works published in Cuba on our literature, as well as on events organized to spread Italian culture throughout the country.  In particular

  13. Mind your languages: Lingua Receptiva in Estonian-Russian communication

    Bahtina, D

    2013-01-01

    This study was inspired by the idea that there is more diversity in the ways languages come into contact to create efficient and fair communication. The alternative mode explored in this study is called lingua receptiva (or, LaRa): here interlocutors speak their own language and have enough

  14. English as an Academic Lingua Franca: The ELFA Project

    Mauranen, Anna; Hynninen, Niina; Ranta, Elina

    2010-01-01

    English is unquestionably the world language of academia--yet its most notable characteristic, being predominantly used by non-native speakers, has not seriously been taken on board in ESP descriptive studies. The project English as an academic lingua franca (ELFA) based at the University of Helsinki investigates academic discourses, branching out…

  15. Epistemic stance marking in the use of English as a lingua franca

    Mortensen, Janus

    A comparative study of the pragmatic functions of epistemic stance marking in problem-solving sequences at student project group meetings, with special emphasis on meetings where English is used as a lingua franca......A comparative study of the pragmatic functions of epistemic stance marking in problem-solving sequences at student project group meetings, with special emphasis on meetings where English is used as a lingua franca...

  16. La chiesa antica nella storiografia italiana recente

    Marcella FORLIN PATRUCCO

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available SOMMARIO: Gli studi italiani di storia della Chiesa antica presentano in anni recenti importanti novità negli strumenti, negli interessi e nei metodi della ricerca, legate a quelle che coinvolgono il complesso delle discipline attinenti alia storia religiosa dell'antichità. Il contributo prende in esame problemi, tendenze e prospettive nella recente storiografia italiana, con particolare attenzione ai nodi interpretativi che le attuali indagini appaiono privilegiare sul tema della Chiesa nei primi secoli.ABSTRACT: The recent Italian studies in the history of ancient Church show many novelties and new approaches, related to the new interests and methodologies of the various sciences involved in the religious history of Antiquity. The paper deals with the problems and the trends in the recent Italian historiography, with special attention to the main subjects of the research about the Church in the first Christian centuries.

  17. Il caso della letteratura ucronica italiana. Ucronia e propaganda nella narrativa italiana.

    Emiliano Marra

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Oggetto dello studio sono le narrazioni ucroniche italiane del secondo dopoguerra, in comparazione con le principali opere anglosassoni del genere e in relazione con i movimenti di estrema destra. La problematica viene inquadrata con un approccio storico e le opere sono confrontate con i modelli stranieri in un'ottica comparativa. La prima parte offre un quadro generale e sintetico dello stato degli studi intorno a questa forma narrativa, la seconda è la descrizione della panoramica storica del genere nell'ambito italiano, mentre la terza parte si focalizza sulle polemiche ideologiche sollevate da alcune opere esaminate e sul confronto fra queste e i principali romanzi in lingua inglese a cui si rifanno esplicitamente. Lo studio si propone come contributo originale alla questione ed è basato su una raccolta documentaria oltre che sull'analisi tematica dei testi presi in esame.

  18. The use of English as a lingua franca in translation

    J. A. Foley

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In translation, not only two languages but two cultures come into contact which means that translators must consider who wrote the text, when, why, for whom and who is now reading it and for what purpose. In the wake of rapid technological advances and the need to spread information quickly and efficiently, translation has grown in importance in the globalized world. So has its reliance on English in its role as a global lingua franca. English is often being used for ‘interculturalizing’ native languages but it is also true that English texts are written by speakers who use English as a lingua franca (ELF with the additional consequence of local languages being incorporated into the texts. This is the linguistic hybridity used in constructing a wider view of the world. However, the prime aim of any lingua franca communication is mutual intelligibility. Saussure wrote about the contrasting principles of provincialism (ésprit de clocher and what he termed intercourse: the need for broader communication. We can see Saussure’s principles as two imperatives: the cooperative and territorial imperatives. That is to say that language change is brought about by the ‘cooperative imperative’ as we need to continually modify our language in order to communicate with other people. At the same time, there is the ‘territorial imperative’ to secure and protect our own space and sustain our separate social and individual identity. In this study, the translation of linguistic units can only be understood when considered together with the cultural contexts in which they arise, and in which they are used. Blogging in Singapore and the Philippines is part of the ‘cooperative and territorial imperatives’ where the use of English as a lingua franca is intertwined with translanguaging.

  19. Chinese English in as lingua franca in global business setting: A case study of ongoing emails of a foreign company in China

    Wang Wenpu

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available With the process of globalization, English has been increasingly become the lingua franca for people speaking different languages to communicate with each other, among whom the number of non-native speakers of English far outnumbers those native speakers in traditional sense. Against this background, the principle of taking the rules of native English speakers as the norms is undergoing challenges. The non-native speakers are claiming the ownership and rights of norm-providing to the English language (Crystal, 2003. In business setting, this is especially true (Charles, 2007. This paper intends to explore the use of Chinese English as lingua franca in business setting. Taking a foreign enterprise based in China as the case, this paper investigates over 400 ongoing business e-mails written in English by its Chinese employees, including the management and other staff. Four most salient patterns of Chinese English structures are identified, i.e., punctuations, absence of inflectional markers in number and tense, serial verb construction, and zero articles, which are then analyzed cultural, linguistic and social-linguistic perspectives. The effectiveness of such language patterns are proved according to the principle of “understandability” proposed by Kachru and Nelson (2006 from both intra-cultural and inter-cultural aspects. Based on the afore-said analysis, this paper concludes that Chinese English, during the process of language contact, has become a legitimate English variation, and has been providing new norms for the other countries to follow. It is suggested that business English users in China need to use their Chinese English with a confident stance, while business partners from other countries need to get familiar with this English variation in order for them to communicate effectively with their Chinese partners.

  20. L’ITALIANO DELLE GUIDE TURISTICHE: UNO STUDIO DELLA LINGUA ORALE DEL TURISMO

    Elena Mauri

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Oggetto di questo articolo è il linguaggio orale delle guide turistiche, una produzione linguistica «speciale», difficilmente reperibile e scarsamente analizzata, e si pone come obbiettivo quello di evidenziarne alcuni dei tratti più tipici in relazione ad una delle figure professionali tra le più rappresentative di una comunicazione orale turistica tra esperto e pubblico: la guida turistica. La prima parte dell’articolo è dedicata alla definizione del linguaggio del turismo e, in particolare, alle caratteristiche dal discorso orale delle guide turistiche, esito della mediazione tra linguaggio di specialità e lingua comune. Nella seconda parte viene introdotta e sviluppata l’analisi linguaggio orale delle guide turistiche a partire da un corpus costituito da diciotto file di trascrizione di registrazioni di visite guidate, in lingua italiana, svolte da guide turistiche straniere all’estero. Dallo studio effettuato è emerso come le scelte linguistiche dell’operatore professionale si declinino in funzione delle esigenze e delle caratteristiche del destinatario: ad un turista desideroso di «vedere», «conoscere» e «identificare» nello spazio ciò di cui si parla, la guida turistica risponde con un ampio impiego del verbo «chiamarsi» e di componenti grammaticali e lessicali (verbi, avverbi e preposizioni di luogo, aggettivi dimostrativi con un forte valore locativo.   Tourist guide italian: a study of the oral language of tourism   Elena Mauri    The object of this article is the oral language of tourist guides, a “special”, hard to find and poorly analyzed type of language production. The objective is to highlight some of the most typical features in relation to one of the most representative professionals in oral tourist communication, between expert and public: tourist guides. The first part of the article is devoted to the definition of the language of tourism and, in particular, to the characteristics of the

  1. La letteratura italiana tradotta in Argentina

    Silvia Cattoni

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available In due secoli di storia della letteratura argentina, lo sviluppo della letteratura italiana tradotta è in stretto rapporto con i propositi pedagogici o estetici determinati dal contesto culturale dei diversi momenti storici. In linea di massima, è possibile affermare che, dalla conformazione dello Stato nazionale e durante i primi decenni del XX secolo, la traduzione letteraria mirava ad ampliare l’orizzonte culturale di un lettore che si consolidava al ritmo della fiammante nazione. Nelle fasi successive e in stretto rapporto con la politica culturale portata avanti da Victoria Ocampo a partire dal 1931 tramite la rivista Sur e il suo posteriore progetto editoriale, la traduzione è stata soprattutto una pratica di scrittura che ebbe un’influenza decisiva nell’ordito della letteratura nazionale favorendo il suo rinnovo e incentivando le versioni di traduttori argentini. Fu questa un’apertura che favorì, durante la seconda metà del secolo, nel contesto della ricezione della letteratura universale, l’ingresso della letteratura italiana in Argentina. Il presente lavoro tratta in maniera sistematica, ma provvisoria, il panorama della letteratura italiana tradotta in Argentina. Lo scopo principale comporta il registro dei momenti più fecondi e l’interpretazione degli esiti ottenuti nei confronti della traduzione nel sistema letterario nazionale.

  2. La Storia della letteratura italiana come romanzo

    Ceserani, Remo

    2011-01-01

    La Storia della letteratura italiana di Francesco De Sanctis viene letta in questa relazione come un romanzo, forse il romanzo di maggior successo dell’Ottocento italiano, dopo I promessi sposi di Alessandro Manzoni. Nell’interpretazione di Ceserani la struttura del libro è basata su tre tipi molto popolari di narrazione praticati in quel secolo: 1) il romanzo storico, in cui realtà e invenzione sono mescolate e scene di movimento di grandi masse si alternano con scene in cui singoli grandi e...

  3. The Corpus of English as Lingua Franca in Academic Settings.

    Mauranen, Anna

    2003-01-01

    Describes a project to make a corpus of English spoken as a lingua franca in university settings in Finland. This corpus is one of the first to address the need for corpora that show the target for English-as-a-Foreign-Language learners whose goal is not to speak with native speakers but to interact in communities where English is a lingua franca.…

  4. Prevalence and Determinants of the Use of Lipid-Lowering Agents in a Population of Older Hospitalized Patients: the Findings from the REPOSI (REgistro POliterapie Società Italiana di Medicina Interna) Study.

    Bertolotti, Marco; Franchi, Carlotta; Rocchi, Marco B L; Miceli, Andrea; Libbra, M Vittoria; Nobili, Alessandro; Lancellotti, Giulia; Carulli, Lucia; Mussi, Chiara

    2017-04-01

    Older patients are prone to multimorbidity and polypharmacy, with an inherent risk of adverse events and drug interactions. To the best of our knowledge, available information on the appropriateness of lipid-lowering treatment is extremely limited. The aim of the present study was to quantify and characterize lipid-lowering drug use in a population of complex in-hospital older patients. We analyzed data from 87 units of internal medicine or geriatric medicine in the REPOSI (Registro Politerapie della Società Italiana di Medicina Interna) study, with reference to the 2010 and 2012 patient cohorts. Lipid-lowering drug use was closely correlated with the clinical profiles, including multimorbidity markers and polypharmacy. 2171 patients aged >65 years were enrolled (1057 males, 1114 females, mean age 78.6 years). The patients treated with lipid-lowering drugs amounted to 508 subjects (23.4%), with no gender difference. Atorvastatin (39.3%) and simvastatin (34.0%) were the most widely used statin drugs. Likelihood of treatment was associated with polypharmacy (≥5 drugs) and with higher Cumulative Illness Rating Scale (CIRS) score. At logistic regression analysis, the presence of coronary heart disease, peripheral vascular disease, and hypertension were significantly correlated with lipid-lowering drug use, whereas age showed an inverse correlation. Diabetes was not associated with drug treatment. In this in-hospital cohort, the use of lipid-lowering agents was mainly driven by patients' clinical history, most notably the presence of clinically overt manifestations of atherosclerosis. Increasing age seems to be associated with lower prescription rates. This might be indicative of cautious behavior towards a potentially toxic treatment regimen.

  5. When Five Words Are Not Enough: A Conceptual and Terminological Discussion of English as a Lingua Franca

    Friedrich, Patricia; Matsuda, Aya

    2010-01-01

    The goal of this article is to (re)define key terminology in the study of English as a lingua franca (ELF). Although the diverse perspectives and ideological standpoints represented in competing definitions of terms is appreciated, a critical conversation on definition and interpretation of ELF and other related concepts is crucial in providing a…

  6. English as a "Lingua Franca" in the Linguistic Landscape of the Multilingual Resort of S'Arenal in Mallorca

    Bruyel-Olmedo, Antonio; Juan-Garau, Maria

    2009-01-01

    English has become the "lingua franca" of international exchanges. This is reflected in sociolinguistic studies of linguistic landscape (LL) which tackle the coexistence of English with local languages (e.g. Backhaus, 2007; Cenoz & Gorter, 2006; Edelman, 2006), on occasion oppressed (e.g. Nino-Murcia, 2003). However, there is little…

  7. Controversies on Hodgkin's disease and anaplastic large cell lymphoma. Hematopathology Study Group of the Società Italiana di Anatomia Patologica.

    Pileri, S

    1994-01-01

    Just one year ago the Italian Society of Pathology (S.I.A.P.) created a Study Group which included members of the most active Italian hematopathology teams. Prof. Pasquale Calapso was asked to chair the Group and Prof. Stefano Pileri to take care of secretarial duties. The aim of the Group is to spread hematopathologic knowledge among young pathologists and to promote activities that can contribute to updating Italian pathologists on topics of both speculative and diagnostic interest. The first Workshop of the S.I.A.P. Hematopathology Group was held at the Palazzo dei Congressi in Bologna, November 20, 1993. About 150 pathologists from all over Italy took part in the meeting, which consisted of two sections devoted to: a) discussion of the boundaries between Hodgkin's disease and non-Hodgkin's lymphomas, and b) a case seminar illustrating the impact of immunohistochemistry in the diagnosis of bone-marrow biopsy. The first section included 5 presentations and a Round Table chaired by Prof. Luciano Fiore-Donati. Below, the contributors to this section summarize the content of their presentations, which were aimed at answering specific questions the Organizers had put to them.

  8. A Comparison of the Conditioning Regimens BEAM and FEAM for Autologous Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation in Lymphoma: an Observational Study on Patients From Fondazione Italiana Linfomi (Fil).

    Olivieri, Jacopo; Mosna, Federico; Pelosini, Matteo; Fama, Angelo; Rattotti, Sara; Giannoccaro, Margherita; Carli, Giuseppe; Tisi, Maria Chiara; Ferrero, Simone; Sgherza, Nicola; Mazzone, Anna Maria; Marino, Dario; Calimeri, Teresa; Loseto, Giacomo; Saraceni, Francesco; Tomei, Gabriella; Sica, Simona; Perali, Giulia; Codeluppi, Katia; Billio, Atto; Olivieri, Attilio; Orciuolo, Enrico; Matera, Rossella; Stefani, Piero Maria; Borghero, Carlo; Ghione, Paola; Cascavilla, Nicola; Lanza, Francesco; Chiusolo, Patrizia; Finotto, Silvia; Federici, Irene; Gherlinzoni, Filippo; Centurioni, Riccardo; Fanin, Renato; Zaja, Francesco

    2018-05-29

    Carmustine (BCNU)-Etoposide-Citarabine-Melphalan (BEAM) chemotherapy is the standard conditioning regimen for autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) in lymphomas. Owing to BCNU shortages, many centers switched to Fotemustine-substituted BEAM (FEAM), lacking proof of equivalence. We conducted a retrospective cohort study in 18 Italian centers to compare safety and efficacy of BEAM and FEAM regimens for ASCT in lymphomas performed from 2008 to 2015. We enrolled 1038 patients (BEAM n=607, FEAM n=431), of which 27% had Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL), 14% indolent Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (iNHL) and 59% aggressive NHL (aNHL). Baseline characteristics including age, sex, stage, B-symptoms, extranodal involvement, previous treatments, response before ASCT, overall conditioning intensity, were well balanced between BEAM and FEAM; notable exceptions were: ASCT year (median: BEAM=2011 vs FEAM=2013, p<0.001), Sorror score (≥3: BEAM=15% vs FEAM=10%, p=0.017), radiotherapy use (BEAM=18% vs FEAM=10%, p<0.001). FEAM conditioning resulted in higher rates of gastrointestinal and infectious toxicities, including severe oral mucositis (grade ≥3: BEAM=31% vs FEAM=44%, p<0.001), and sepsis from Gram-negative bacteria (mean isolates/patient: BEAM=0.1 vs FEAM=0.19, p<0.001). Response status at day 100 post-ASCT (overall response: BEAM=91% vs FEAM=88%, p=0.42), 2-years Overall Survival (83.9%, 95%CI:81.5%-86.1%) and Progression-free Survival (70.3%, 95%CI:67.4%-73.1%) were not different in the two groups. Mortality from infection was higher in the FEAM group (SHR 1.99; 95%CI:1.02-3.88, p=0.04). BEAM and FEAM do not appear different in terms of survival and disease control. However, due to concerns of higher toxicity, Fotemustine substitution in BEAM does not seem justified, if not for easier supply. Copyright © 2018. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  9. Lingua-Pedagogy as the Interdisciplinary Research Problem

    A. N. Yakovleva

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available  The paper is devoted to lingua-pedagogy – one of the modern branches of pedagogy dealing with personal socialization in the process of foreign language learning. This interdisciplinary field of knowledge is related to linguistics, pedagogic psychology, development psychology and acmeology. Lingua-pedagogy undergoes the formation process; therefore, there still are a number of open questions concerning its place among the other sciences, and the final definitions of the main concepts and terms. The author recommends the systematic approach to developing the theoretical foundation of lingua- pedagogy. The paper outlines the subject and aims of the lingua-pedagogic research, its content and affecting means. The system in question is poly- functional, its main functions being the integral pedagogic effect in foreign language teaching, stimulating self-dependent learning, and arranging the in- tercultural integration. The linguistic faculties at universities can be taken as the key elements of the lingua-pedagogic system – the development centers, nurturing the value-oriented respectful attitude to the native and foreign cul- ture, providing intercultural competence acquisition, and training pedagogic staff capable of fulfilling the poly-cultural development tasks. Identification of the conformities of intercultural socialization makes it possible to organize the system of pedagogic facilitation for students learning foreign languages; and develop the perspective methods and technologies of language competence acquisition and consolidation. 

  10. IL PARLATO DELL’INSEGNANTE NELLA CLASSE DI LINGUA

    Daniele Corradi

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In questo contributo si analizzano, in un contesto di insegnamento/apprendimento dell’italiano L2, esempi di parlato del docente, a cui è affidata la gestione della comunicazione didattica, ed esempi di parlato degli apprendenti, osservando, in particolare, in quale modo la loro produzione orale e il loro coinvolgimento nell’interazione verbale in classe sia previsto e guidato dalla forma della lezione e dalle strutture dialogiche a cui è correlato l’apprendimento della lingua. Nell’analisi di parlato e di interazioni verbali in classe si sono riscontrati due modelli fondamentali: la lingua della conversazione, macro-obiettivo comunicativo di lezioni svolte nell’ambito del progetto “Marco Polo” presso l’Università degli Studi di Milano, e la lingua dell’esposizione, perseguito nelle lezioni dei corsi sull’italiano disciplinare L2, sempre promossi dall’UniMi, e denominati “CALP” (Cognitive Academic Language Proficiency. La scelta metodologica di riportare la trascrizione e l’analisi di un’intera lezione del progetto “Marco Polo” è motivata dalla convinzione che la lezione è l’unità che riassume tutti gli elementi costitutivi del discorso didattico. A questa analisi segue l’esame di campioni audio-video registrati durante le lezioni dei corsi CALP, per mostrare come l’insegnamento/apprendimento dell’italiano L2/LS possa richiedere diverse tipologie di materiali e strumenti che supportano il parlato dell’insegnante e facilitano la comunicazione di contenuti didattici tra insegnante e apprendenti, se usati coerentemente con i micro-obiettivi e macro-obiettivi della lezione.  Language teacher in-class speech In this paper we analyze examples of in-class teacher speech, responsible for managing the teaching communication, and examples of learners' speech in an Italian L2 teaching/learning context. In particular we observe how the student’s speech and involvement in verbal interaction in the

  11. LINGUA-SEMIOTICS OF POWER RITUAL

    Astafurova Tatyana Nikolaevna

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with lingua-semiotic representation of the power ritual as one of the symbolic forms of behavior that over time ceases to be spontaneous and becomes regular and repeated. Under discussion is the rite of coronation, which was becoming more complicated and acquired a final form throughout the history of Anglo-Saxon statehood. The process of defining parameters and characteristics of the power ritual is performed by chrono-, topo-, sound and language components of the ritual; it is established that in ritual communication the verbalization of the event is gradually becoming more complicated, clarifying its linguistic component, which largely ensures the success of the ritual; the non-verbal signs acquire additional meaning becoming dominant over simplified verbal signs. It is proved that within the ritual space of the Anglo-Saxon statehood an extensive and rigidly fixed system of signs and symbols has been formed, nominating the process of interaction between the sovereign and his subjects – three groups of signs characterizing the Anglo-Saxon power ritual communication: regulating, processing and classifying signs. Their content distinction is analyzed. Authority widely applies these signs as tools to influence the society through social stereotypes and ethnic psychological associations. Artifacts, as symbols of state power, and oaths, as discursive element of the coronation, are stated as the central elements of the ritual.

  12. The English as a Foreign Language / Lingua Franca Debate: Sensitising Teachers of English as a Foreign Language Towards Teaching English as a Lingua Franca

    Gillian Mansfield

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The function of English as a lingua franca for communication needs rethinking in the teaching of English as a foreign language classroom as a consequence of globalisation. The present contribution is an empirical study carried out in an Italian university environment which aims to show how teachers should take on board awareness raising activities in the recognition of other varieties of English which, albeit not exploited as benchmarks for language testing and certification, must nevertheless boast a relevant place in the global scenario. This can be achieved in practical terms by interrogating an expressly made corpus of Chinese English news texts and carrying out simple concordance activities.

  13. Erasmus Students Using English as a "Lingua Franca": Does Study Abroad in a Non-English-Speaking Country Improve L2 English?

    Llanes, Àngels; Arnó, Elisabet; Mancho-Barés, Guzman

    2016-01-01

    There is a lack of research on the impact of study abroad (SA) on the development of L2 English when students study in non-anglophone countries. The aim of the present study is to fill this gap by examining 39 Catalan/Spanish students who, as part of an Erasmus exchange, spent a term at universities in non-English-speaking European countries. In…

  14. Lingua patientis: new words for patient communication and history taking.

    Weaver, Donald F

    2017-11-01

    The English language sometimes fails in its ability to describe the severity or complexity of medical symptoms and complaints. In frustration, patients (or families) occasionally create new words to convey the subtleties of their medical history. Although medicine has created a comprehensive technical lexicon for physicians, we have failed to develop a corresponding patient-centric vocabulary (lingua patientis) that provides more accurate symptom description. The social networking of lingua patientis words might enhance history taking and afford improved appreciation of disease impact on individual patients. The English language is renowned for its capacity for flexibility and adaptability - we need to exploit this capacity for the benefit of our patients.

  15. A Lingua Franca for Africa. Esperanto Documents No. 36A.

    Farukuoye, Helga

    The actual possibilities for communication among Africans are unsatisfactory. While the north has adopted Arabic as its lingua franca, most African states south of the Sahara still use the language(s) of their former colonial masters as official languages, thereby neglecting their native languages. This situation excludes many people from higher…

  16. English as a "Lingua Franca" in International Business Contexts

    Nickerson, Catherine

    2005-01-01

    This article will provide an overview of current research focussing on the use of English as a "lingua franca" in international business contexts. It selectively reviews research investigating the role of written and spoken communication in English and the work that has been done on specific text genres used by the international business…

  17. English as a Lingua Franca: An Immanent Critique

    O'Regan, John P.

    2014-01-01

    Over the past 15 years or so there has developed a school of thought within English language education and applied linguistics globally which refers to the phenomenon and use of English as a lingua franca (ELF). The thinking of ELF movement researchers has placed their work at the centre of current debates about the form, function and legitimacy…

  18. Revisiting the Etymology of Zanni | Moro | Italian Studies in Southern ...

    It has long been maintained that the etymology of zani, zanni – the servant or buffoon of the commedia dell'arte – is a northern Italian variant of the proper noun Giovanni, or its shortened form, Gianni. In Tommaseo and Bellini's Dizionario della lingua italiana, published in Turin between 1865 and 1879, it is stated that the ...

  19. LinguaTag: an Emotional Speech Analysis Application

    Cullen, Charlie; Vaughan, Brian; Kousidis, Spyros

    2008-01-01

    The analysis of speech, particularly for emotional content, is an open area of current research. Ongoing work has developed an emotional speech corpus for analysis, and defined a vowel stress method by which this analysis may be performed. This paper documents the development of LinguaTag, an open source speech analysis software application which implements this vowel stress emotional speech analysis method developed as part of research into the acoustic and linguistic correlates of emotional...

  20. English as a lingua franca used at international meetings

    Barančicová Jana

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The paper deals with the use of English as a lingua franca. It concentrates on the environment of international meetings where English is used as a lingua franca. The aim of the research conducted through a survey of members of a NATO working group is to find out how native and non-native speakers feel about English used as a lingua franca during international meetings and how these two groups of speakers see each other in multinational interaction from the point of view of linguistics. The sections dealing with non-native speakers concentrate on the level of knowledge of English and on how native speakers cope with the English used during the meetings. The sections dealing with the views of English native speakers should establish the approach they take towards mistakes made by non-native speakers, whether native speakers should adjust the way they speak at international meetings and how they generally view the fact that their mother tongue is used all around the world.

  1. A Propósito de Identidade Italiana

    Flora de Paoli Faria

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Dado que normalmente não se encontra uma referência teórica explícita com respeito à noção de identidade italiana em escritos que abordam o tema, o presente trabalho oferece um esclarecimento sobre esse conceito ao fazer um levantamento bibliográfico que expõe os tipos de estudos desenvolvidos na Itália sob este rótulo. Foram analisados textos de história e de sociologia, e, a partir deles, oferecemos a descrição dos três principais pontos de vista que estão subjacentes aos estudos sobre a identidade italiana. Portanto, o trabalho disserta sobre o significado e o agrupamento das palavras identidade e nacional, e também a respeito da superposição do olhar político e do olhar cultural sobre a Itália, sempre em busca de uma melhor compreensão daquilo que está por trás da etiqueta identidade italiana.

  2. Il Punto Organico: una storia italiana

    Paolo Rossi

    2015-02-01

    The origin of the notion of P.O. is traced back to some statistical studies performed more than a decade ago . Its subsequent application to university recruiting follows from  a sequel of administrative actions taken by the Ministry but it is not based on an explicit (and formally required legal formulation. The recent structural evolution of the università system and some changes in the legislation have further weakened the justification for such a constraint.  An alternative (and legally consistent mechanism for keeping under control the projected expenses  for personnel is proposed.

  3. Exploring solidarity and consensus in English as lingua franca interactions

    Kappa, Katherine

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is two-fold: (1) to problematise the overly affiliative interpretations of English as lingua franca (ELF) interactions across all contexts and combinations of people, and demonstrate instances where this is not the case; (2) to explore the role of laughables and laughter...... divergence in social norms is treated as if it were the case but not confirmed. These instances are dealt with through laughables and laughter sequences. Sequential analysis of these naturally occurring audio-recorded conversations indicate that participants make salient and orient to what...

  4. Un sistema di supporto alle decisioni per Rete Ferroviaria Italiana

    Luigi De Benedictis

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available A decision support system for RFIRFI (Rete Ferroviaria Italiana is the company responsible for the Italian railway infrastructure management. It traditionally operates with a consistent view on innovation, safety and quality, and with a strong opening to processes optimization. RFI, in its total commitment to the management of the Italian railways, found in Information & Communication Technologies an important enhancement to its activities. RFI solutions provide total process integration: this trend also sees the introduction of GIS technologies, which represent an important geographical-based support for the decision makers.

  5. Italian as lingua franca, the law of connected vessels and the improvement of the results into the multilingual class. About a teaching experience

    Alessia Terrusi

    2017-01-01

    strategia di formare coppie o piccoli gruppi di studenti linguisticamente distanti (ad esempio francofoni e anglofoni in modo da sollecitare l’uso delle conoscenze pregresse dovute al contatto quotidiano con la realtà italiana. Ciò ha portato a risultati più che positivi: dibattiti relativi alle attività svolte, correzione tra pari degli errori, un’incrementata capacità di farsi comprendere utilizzando strategie alternative (il mimo, il disegno. Nonostante i diversi livelli iniziali, l’uso dell’italiano come lingua franca ha permesso di far apprendere l’italiano stesso in maniera più efficace e omogenea.

  6. Influenze lunguistiche romanze nello sloveno letterario di Trieste. La lingua di Boris Pahor

    Mitja Skubic

    1984-12-01

    soggettiva.L'esitazion  è di dovere, perché un tale procedimento non  è sconosciuto allo slove­no contemporaneo, benché piuttosto eccezionale nelle opere let­ terarie.   Del resto, tale stile spezzato è ben noto alla lingua letteraria italiana delle epoche passate, sembra però scarseg­ giare nella narrativa moderna. Per comparare il comparabile sono state messe a confronto alle opere di Pahor (v. nota 1 alcune opere letterarie italiane (tra cui soprattutto Primo Levi, Se questa è un uomo; Elsa Morante, Storia, nate dalla stessa tragica esperienza dello scrittore triestino.

  7. Le interferenze dell’inglese nella lingua italiana tra “protezionismo” e “descrittivismo” linguistico: il caso del lessico della crisi

    Antonio Taglialatela

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The issue of the interference of English in modern Italian has always been of interest to researchers in Italy. This paper outlines how this interference has affected the Italian language over the last two decades. To this purpose, it has been deemed interesting to quote and contrast the views of two eminent Italian scholars involved in the long-lasting debate between linguistic ‘protectionism’ and ‘descriptivism’ – i.e. Arrigo Castellani and Tullio De Mauro. The most widespread English loanwords of the economic crisis found in the three major Italian newspapers from 1 September 2011 to 1 March 2012 have been taken into account and it has been verified whether they are present in three wellknown Italian monolingual dictionaries. It will also be shown that most of these loanwords have been adequately integrated into the Italian language in both written and oral texts.

  8. Curriculum Guide for Italian Language Arts. Literature Levels AB = Guida alla Lettura della Lingua Italiana Letteratura Ciclo A & B. Working Draft.

    Chicago Board of Education, IL. Dept. of Curriculum.

    A curriculum and teaching guide for introductory literature appreciation in the Chicago public schools is an orientation for the bilingual teacher of Italian students. Concepts such as rhyme and personification are developed for the teacher. For each of the two levels included, the section begins with a list of specific performance objectives,…

  9. The historical issue in film genre Commedia all 'italiana: the first world war in fiction

    Celina Vivian Lima Augusto

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available The theme chosen for this article was to join "Cinema and History" to the cinematographic genre commedia all'italiana. First, there is a general introduction that discusses the italian genre. The second part deals with the historical representation in the commedia all' italiana, analyzing the Mario Monicelli’s work, the movie "La Grande Guerra".

  10. Promoting lingua franca English in Europe

    Caudery, Tim; Petersen, Margrethe; Shaw, Philip

    to multilingualism among exchange students coming to Scandinavia. The paper is based on a longitudinal study of factors influencing the local language learning and the improvement in English language proficiency among exchange students coming to Scandinavia. The study included four Scandinavian universities: two...... languages were German, Dutch, French, Spanish, Italian, Polish or Czech. The paper presents findings on the students' perceived patterns of interaction and language use while in Scandinavia and discusses some of the consequences of EU exchange programs on the use of ELF....

  11. English as a lingua franca in higher education

    Björkman, Beyza

    2011-01-01

    The last decade has brought a number of changes for higher education in continental Europe and elsewhere, a major one being the increasing use of English as a lingua franca (ELF) as the medium of instruction. With this change, EAP is faced with a new group of learners who will need to use...... it predominantly in ELF settings to communicate with speakers from other first language backgrounds. This overview paper first discusses the changes that have taken place in the field of EAP in terms of student body, followed by an outline of the main findings of research carried out on ELF. These changes...... and the results of recent ELF research have important implications for EAP instruction and testing. It is argued here that EAP needs to be modified accordingly to cater for the needs of this group. These revolve around the two major issues: norms and standards for spoken English and target use. If the aim of EAP...

  12. Il XLIV Congresso della Società Italiana di Reumatologia

    F. Oliviero

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Il 17-20 Ottobre 2007 al Lido di Venezia presso il Palazzo del Casinò e il Palazzo del Cinema si è svolto il XLIV Congresso Nazionale della Società Italiana di Reumatologia (SIR. Numerosi esperti nazionali e internazionali hanno esposto le più importanti acquisizioni nel campo della ricerca clinica e di base reumatologiche. I tre giorni del congresso sono stati caratterizzati da letture, sessioni scientifiche, corsi educazionali, incontri con gli esperti, sezioni poster, corsi di aggiornamento su temi speciali, e diversi simposi. Tra i temi affrontati, particolare rilievo è stato dedicato ai singoli fattori implicati nella patogenesi delle malattie reumatiche, quali le citochine, i fagociti, le cellule endoteliali, i linfociti, i fibroblasti e gli autoanticorpi. In questo ambito un contributo di rilievo è stato offerto dai numerosi relatori stranieri ospiti del convegno. Dal punto di vista clinico, sono...

  13. The Development of LinguaBytes: An Interactive Tangible Play and Learning System to Stimulate the Language Development of Toddlers with Multiple Disabilities

    Bart Hengeveld

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Young children with multiple disabilities (e.g., both cognitive and motor disabilities are confronted with severe limitations in language development from birth and later on. Stimulating the adult-child communication can decrease these limitations. Within LinguaBytes, a three-year research program, we try to stimulate language development by developing an interactive and adaptive play and learning environment, incorporating tangible objects and multimedia content, based on interactive storytelling and anchored instruction. The development of a product for such a heterogeneous user group presents substantial challenges. We use a Research-through-Design method, that is, an iterative process of developing subsequent experiential prototypes and then testing them in real-life settings, for example, a center for rehabilitation medicine. This article gives an outline of the development of the LinguaBytes play and learning environment from the earliest studies up to the current prototype, CLICK-IT.

  14. The Deceiving ELF? Can Englsh fulfil the role of a Lingua Franca?

    Richard Chapman

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract – The debate which surrounds the role of English as a lingua franca has been lively and extensive over the last twenty years or so. Numerous conferences and specific publications in the field testify to the interest and importance that the question of the development of a possible international functional language has stimulated. The present article aims to critically reassess the claims made for ELF and, at the same time, highlight the profound significance of the issues the debate has raised. Discussion of ELF has touched upon the perception of linguistic diversity, (inaccuracy and variation, intelligibility and the potential functions of an international language. Other topics of profound importance that are part of the debate relate to the role of any language in creating and maintaining identity, enabling social mobility and empowering its users. Some criticisms of ELF proposals have been easily rebutted, but this paper aims to underline the serious linguistic and socio-linguistic aspects of the debate in order to emphasize the need for a theoretical underpinning to our understanding of how language can operate in the global environment. Clarification of what we can and cannot know about language change and behavior will also contribute to ideas as to future research in ELF but will also bring us to the conclusion that predictions of the future development of ELF are of little purpose beyond the curiosity value they may possess. Keywords: English1; lingua franca2; non-native speaker3.     Abstract– Il dibattito intorno al ruolo di inglese intesa come lingua franca è vivace e largo da almeno venti anni. Le conferenze e pubblicazioni specifiche sull’argomento sono numerose e sono testimone di quanto è interessante e importante la questione dello sviluppo di una lingua internazionale funzionale e utile. L’articolo qui presentato ha lo scopo di valutare a rivalutare le speranze che si sono formate per l’inglese come

  15. Luces y sombras de la historia de la renta italiana

    SIMONE MISIANI

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo ofrece una breve introducción a la historia de la contabilidad en Italia y examina, en particular, los orígenes de la decisión política. Esto ensayo analiza la posición preeminente, aunque largamente ignorada, ocupada en el pensamiento empírico por parte del debate público sobre la renta pública. La contabilidad nacional se ha planificado en Italia sin dar lugar a una democracia liberal, como fue el caso de los Estados Unidos. El instituto nacional de estadística italiano (ISTAT fue controlado directamente por el fascismo. Mussolini usaba la estadística como un instrumento para el control totalitario. Pero una análisis más profundo de esta institución contradice esta afirmación. Se abre una contradicción entre la imagen de propaganda del fascismo y las mediciones hechas por el ISTAT. Hoy, después de la crisis económica y financiera mundial del 2007- 2009, la historia de la contabilidad italiana es aún un tema de actualidad.

  16. Storia, precariato e criminalità. La narrativa italiana racconta la politica contemporanea

    Paolo Chirumbolo

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Recensione di: Claudia Boscolo e Stefano Jossa (a cura di, Scritture di resistenza. Sguardi politici dalla narrativa italiana contemporanea, Roma, Carocci Editore, 2014, 204 p. ISBN: 9788843074143, € 16,00.

  17. Clinical strategies for the management of intestinal obstruction and pseudo-obstruction. A Delphi Consensus study of SICUT (Società Italiana di Chirurgia d'Urgenza e del Trauma).

    Costa, Gianluca; Ruscelli, Paolo; Balducci, Genoveffa; Buccoliero, Francesco; Lorenzon, Laura; Frezza, Barbara; Chirletti, Piero; Stagnitti, Franco; Miniello, Stefano; Stella, Francesco

    2016-01-01

    Intestinal obstructions/pseudo-obstruction of the small/large bowel are frequent conditions but their management could be challenging. Moreover, a general agreement in this field is currently lacking, thus SICUT Society designed a consensus study aimed to define their optimal workout. The Delphi methodology was used to reach consensus among 47 Italian surgical experts in two study rounds. Consensus was defined as an agreement of 75.0% or greater. Four main topic areas included nosology, diagnosis, management and treatment. A bowel obstruction was defined as an obstacle to the progression of intestinal contents and fluids generally beginning with a sudden onset. The panel identified four major criteria of diagnosis including absence of flatus, presence of >3.5 cm ileal levels or >6 cm colon dilatation and abdominal distension. Panel also recommended a surgical admission, a multidisciplinary approach, and a gastrografin swallow for patients presenting occlusions. Criteria for immediate surgery included: presence of strangulated hernia, a >10 cm cecal dilatation, signs of vascular pedicles obstructions and persistence of metabolic acidosis. Moreover, rules for non-operative management (to be conducted for maximum 72 hours) included a naso-gastric drainage placement and clinical and laboratory controls each 12 hours. Non-operative treatment should be suspended if any suspects of intra-abdominal complications, high level of lactates, leukocytosis (>18.000/mm3 or Neutrophils >85%) or a doubling of creatinine level comparing admission. Conversely, consensus was not reached regarding the exact timing of CT scan and the appropriateness of colonic stenting. This consensus is in line with current international strategies and guidelines, and it could be a useful tool in the safe basic daily management of these common and peculiar diseases. Delphi study, Intestinal obstruction, Large bowel obstruction, Pseudo-obstruction, Small bowel.

  18. Front-line window therapy with cisplatin in patients with primary disseminated Ewing sarcoma: A study by the Associazione Italiana di Ematologia ed Oncologia Pediatrica and Italian Sarcoma Group.

    Luksch, Roberto; Grignani, Giovanni; D'Angelo, Paolo; Prete, Arcangelo; Puma, Nadia; Podda, Marta; Casanova, Michela; Ferrari, Andrea; Morosi, Carlo; Fagioli, Franca; Aglietta, Massimo; Ferrari, Stefano; Picci, Piero; Massimino, Maura

    2017-12-01

    The aim was to assess the activity of cisplatin (CDDP) in Ewing sarcoma (ES). The study consisted of front-line window therapy with CDDP 120 mg/sqm every 3 weeks for two courses in children and young adults with primary disseminated ES. Response was assessed using the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumours criteria, and Simon's two-stage design was applied. Twelve consecutive patients were enrolled in stage 1. Only one objective response was observed. Since the target response rate was not achieved, accrual was stopped and CDDP as a single agent in ES was judged unworthy of further assessment. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  19. The use of anthracycline at first-line compared to alkylating agents or nucleoside analogs improves the outcome of salvage treatments after relapse in follicular lymphoma The REFOLL study by the Fondazione Italiana Linfomi.

    Rossi, Giuseppe; Marcheselli, Luigi; Dondi, Alessandra; Bottelli, Chiara; Tucci, Alessandra; Luminari, Stefano; Arcaini, Luca; Merli, Michele; Pulsoni, Alessandro; Boccomini, Carola; Puccini, Benedetta; Micheletti, Moira; Martinelli, Giovanni; Rossi, Andrea; Zilioli, Vittorio Ruggero; Bozzoli, Valentina; Balzarotti, Monica; Bolis, Silvia; Cabras, Maria Giuseppina; Federico, Massimo

    2015-01-01

    Follicular lymphoma (FL) patients experience multiple remissions and relapses and commonly receive multiple treatment lines. A crucial question is whether anthracyclines should be used at first-line or whether they would be better "reserved" for relapse and whether FL outcome can be optimized by definite sequences of treatments. Randomized trials can be hardly designed to address this question. In this retrospective multi-institutional study, time-to-next-treatment after first relapse was analyzed in 510 patients who had received either alkylating agents- or anthracycline- or nucleoside analogs-based chemotherapy with/without rituximab at first-line and different second-line therapies. After a median of 42 months, median time-to-next-treatment after relapse was 41 months (CI95%:34-47 months). After adjustment for covariates, first-line anthracycline-based chemotherapy with/without rituximab was associated with better time-to-next-treatment after any salvage than alkylating agents-based chemotherapy with/without rituximab or nucleoside analogs-based chemotherapy with/without rituximab (HR:0.74, P = 0.027). The addition of rituximab to first-line chemotherapy had no significant impact (HR:1.22, P = 0.140). Autologs stem cell transplantation performed better than any other salvage treatment (HR:0.53, P < 0.001). First-line anthracycline-based chemotherapy significantly improved time-to-next-treatment even in patients receiving salvage autologs stem cell transplantation (P = 0.041). This study supports the concept that in FL previous treatments significantly impact on the outcome of subsequent therapies. The outcome of second-line treatments, either with salvage chemoimmunotherapy or with autologs stem cell transplantation, was better when an anthracycline-containing regimen was used at first-line. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  20. Repertori retorici e negoziazione culturale nei racconti di vita di rifugiati: Lingua Franca e implicazioni ideologiche

    Paola Catenaccio

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract – This chapter analyses the storytelling performance of an asylum seeker speaking in English for an international audience and recorded on a video released by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. The primary purpose of the study is to investigate the rhetorical structuring of the narrative in an ethnopoetic perspective (Hymes 2003, and to identify the presence (or, even more significantly, marked absence of dialogic signs of intercultural negotiation deployed in the process of conveying to a culturally diverse audience a highly culturally situated story embedded in a personal narrative of displacement. At the same time, the study also intends to contribute to the current debate on English as a Lingua Franca (ELF by addressing the issue of the inherently situated nature of ELF, and of the political and ideological implications of an ELF approach to intercultural communication in both asymmetric and (programmatically symmetric power situations. The video selected for the analysis was retrieved from the UNHCR Youtube channel and is part of a series called Storytelling: through the eyes of Refugees designed to make refugees’ stories known to the wide public and to legitimise refugees as a category of people endowed with agentivity and self-determination, and with the power of contributing to the discursive construction of their own role and status. Because of their global outreach, these videos qualify as instances of ELF usage in a broad international context and are eminently suited to the investigation and discussion of ELF approaches to conventionally asymmetric institutional communication.

  1. The Use of Prepositions in English as Lingua Franca Interactions: Corpus IST-Erasmus

    Önen, Serap

    2015-01-01

    The growth of English into a lingua franca has inevitably created linguistic deviations and innovations in the use of English. These emerging uses that result from the needs and preferences of speakers whose mother tongues are all different can be broadly identified as lexico-grammatical and pronunciation features and they compose one of the main…

  2. Teatro del Siglo de Oro y ópera italiana del Seiscientos: un balance

    Tedesco, Anna

    2014-01-01

    En 1992, en el XV congreso de la International Musicological Society, tuvo lugar en Madrid una mesa redonda sobre «Dramaturgia española y dramaturgia francesa en la ópera italiana del Seiscientos», que marcó un momento muy importante en la reflexión sobre el tema de la influencia del teatro del Siglo de Oro español en la ópera italiana del Seiscientos. Hoy sabemos que esta influencia fue relevante y que se trata de un elemento significativo para comprender a fondo tanto el éxito de la ópera v...

  3. L'influenza del Giappone sulla moda italiana dal XVI al XX secolo

    Dimitrio, Laura

    2016-01-01

    Questa ricerca ha per oggetto lo studio dell’influenza del Giappone sulla moda italiana, dalla metà del XVI alla fine del XX secolo. Le prime notizie sugli abiti giapponesi giunsero in Italia intorno al 1550, dopo che il Giappone era stato ‘scoperto’ nel 1543 da alcuni mercanti portoghesi naufragati sulle sue coste. Tuttavia i primi timidi influssi giapponesi nella moda italiana si manifestarono solo dopo la seconda metà del XVII secolo, quando i nobiluomini italiani cominciarono a indoss...

  4. An Anthological Review of Research Utilizing MontyLingua: a Python-Based End-to-End Text Processor

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available MontyLingua, an integral part of ConceptNet which is currently the largest commonsense knowledge base, is an English text processor developed using Python programming language in MIT Media Lab. The main feature of MontyLingua is the coverage for all aspects of English text processing from raw input text to semantic meanings and summary generation, yet each component in MontyLingua is loosely-coupled to each other at the architectural and code level, which enabled individual components to be used independently or substituted. However, there has been no review exploring the role of MontyLingua in recent research work utilizing it. This paper aims to review the use of and roles played by MontyLingua and its components in research work published in 19 articles between October 2004 and August 2006. We had observed a diversified use of MontyLingua in many different areas, both generic and domain-specific. Although the use of text summarizing component had not been observe, we are optimistic that it will have a crucial role in managing the current trend of information overload in future research.

  5. A NOVA NARRATIVA ITALIANA UM AUTOR, UM SÍMBOLO: PIER VITTORIO TONDELLI

    Lucia Sgobaro Zanette

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Na literatura italiana dos anos oitenta, uma série de autores produziram textos classificados pela crítica de a nova narrativa italiana. Pier Vittorio Tondelli, que escreveu romances, contos, crônicas, textos críticos e peças de teatro durante toda a década, tornou-se - com as suas temáticas inerentes a uma realidade pós-moderna e, principalmente, ligadas a certas experiências da juventude do final dos anos setenta até o começo dos anos noventa - um autor-ícone desse período. Com a sua maneira de viver como homem em movimento, seu agudo senso de observa- ção, sua escritura, seu estilo, seu ritmo e seu forte sentire, ele se revelou um símbolo dessa nova geração de escritores, que promoveram uma importante renovação da literatura italiana, libertando-a dos impasses que a condicionavam: a dificuldade de leitura da narrativa neovanguardista e experimental, a falta de espessura da literatura de consumo e a obviedade da literatura realista, que, todavia, os novos escritores valorizavam bastante. Palavras-chave: literatura italiana, anos oitenta, renovação.

  6. L’apprendimento della lingua della medicina in L2: due manuali a confronto

    Maria Polita

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Insegnare la lingua speciale della medicina ad una classe di apprendenti L2 implica considerare diverse problematiche relative alle peculiarità del codice settoriale (variazioni diafasiche, particolarità del lessico, tecnicismi collaterali, ma anche relative al pubblico di apprendenti non italofono (tipologia, interessi, livello di apprendimento. Il panorama editoriale italiano offre pochi strumenti dedicati: tra questi Donatella Troncarelli, Dica 33. Il linguaggio della medicina, Bonacci, 1994 e Daniela Forapani, Italiano per medici, Alma edizioni, 2004. Questo studio intende mettere a confronto i due testi sottolineandone le caratteristiche e l’impostazione glottodidattica ed evidenziando come il contenuto linguistico sia proposto, quali siano le abilità favorite, quali gli obiettivi di apprendimento e quali gli strumenti forniti. Particolare attenzione viene prestata al lessico registrato nei glossari dei volumi.  Learning the language of medicine in l2: a comparison of two textbooks Teaching the special language of medicine to a class of L2 learners implies considering various issues related to the peculiarities of the sector-specific jargon (diphasic variations, peculiarities of vocabulary, collateral technicalities, also related to non-Italian-speaking learners (type, interests, level of learning. Italian publishers offer few dedicated tools: these include Donatella Troncarelli, Dica 33.Il linguaggio della medicina, Bonacci, 1994 and Daniela Forapani, Italiano per medici, Alma editions, 2004. This study aims to compare the two texts, highlighting their features and language teaching setting, showing how linguistic content is proposed, which skills are promoted, what the learning objectives are and what tools are provided. Particular attention is paid to the vocabulary in the glossaries.

  7. Incoming exchange students' learning and use of lingua franca English and local languages in Scandinavia

    Caudery, Tim; Petersen, Margrethe; Shaw, Philip

    if they stayed for a second semester. Each interview concluded with two tests: a picture description test and a basic vocabulary test; all interviews were recorded. Findings relating to the interviewees' language goals, interaction with others and language use in such interaction will be presented and discussed...... in relation to the importance for students of developing skills in English as a lingua franca and the desire by the EU to promote multilingualism through student exchange....

  8. La radiazione solare (globale e la rete altinometrica del servizio meteorologico dell'aeronautica italiana(*

    O. DE PASQUALE

    1964-06-01

    Full Text Available Si fa una breve desorizione della funzione degli Osservatori
    Scientifico-Sperimentali del Servizio Meteorologico deU'Aeronautioa,
    militare italiana (OSSMA, con particolare riferimento a quello di Messina,
    clie tra i suoi coinpiti ha anche quello degli studi e delle ricerclie sulla radiazione
    solare, con la gestione di una Rete attinometrica di 31 stazioni.
    Si passa quindi ad una rapida rassegna evocativa degli studi sulla
    radiazione solare su scala mondiale, notificando il contributo italiano e
    mettendo in particolare rilievo quelli della radiazione globale (D -j- I anche
    a scopo sinottico, che formano oggetto di particolari applicazioni da parte
    dell'OSSMA di Messina.
    Inoltre fatta una breve descrizione del funzionamento della Rete attinometrica
    A. M. e del contenuto delle relative pubblicazioni finora fatte
    o in corso, si discutono i risultati ed i metodi di impiego dei dati e si fanno
    voti perche essi vengano introdotti piu attivamente nel campo sinottico
    applicativo, specie in relazione alia turbolenza atmosferica, alia evaporazione
    e quindi alia umiclificazione delle masse d'aria.
    Detti fenomeni, unitamente all'azione delle correnti superflciali marine
    calde, a circolazione ciclonic.a, darebbero luogo, secondo l'autore, alle basse
    barometriche secondarie (Golfo di Genova, Alto Adriatico. . . e ad alcune
    perturbazioni temporalesche. Si auspica pertanto una maggiore collaborazione
    t r a Meteorologia e Oceanografla.
    Inline, in relazione tra i fenomeni sopra detti e l'andamento della
    acqua precipitabile notturna e diurna, ricavata dai radiosondaggi, si emette
    l'ipotesi che una parte dell'ossigeno atoinico atmosferico possa trovare la
    sua origine nella scomposizione delle molecole del vapor d'acqua dell'aria,

  9. O jazycích v roli lingua franca (se zvláštním zřetelem k angličtině)

    Sherman, Tamah

    2013-01-01

    Roč. 95, č. 2 (2013), s. 129-140 ISSN 0862-8459 Institutional support: RVO:68378092 Keywords : English as a lingua franca * sociolinguistics * language management * Czech as a lingua franca * English in the Czech Republic Subject RIV: AI - Linguistics

  10. Gorzki śmiech, dreszcze i szaleństwo. Filmowa commedia all'italiana w latach 1970-1989

    Miczka, Tadeusz

    2009-01-01

    In the time of 70's Italian and foreign critics thought about possibility of existence comedy movie all'italiana. Turn of the unmodernised time, comedy movie all'italiana will come into impure hybridize form. The deepest transformation give way for comedy of manners. Directors bravely trespass on politic sphere and kitsch, movie scribblers and pornography. Old masters of this genres has duplicated typical features schematic diagrams, they used incompetent narrative techniques and differen...

  11. UNA LINGUA “SECONDA E ADOTTIVA”. L’ITALIANO DELLE SECONDE GENERAZIONI

    Graziella Favaro

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Si assiste nella scuola italiana  ad un cambiamento  importante che riguarda i bambini e i ragazzi stranieri inseriti: aumentano di anno in anno  coloro che sono nati in Italia e che entrano nel sistema scolastico  nei tempi e modi comuni ai coetanei autoctoni  mentre  diminuisce il numero di  coloro che arrivano qui dal paese d’origine per ricongiungersi ai famigliari. Ma come parlano i bambini stranieri nati in Italia ? Quali caratteristiche interlinguistiche ha l’italiano dei “futuri cittadini”? Una ricerca osservativa  ha coinvolto alcuni  bambini stranieri di cinque anni inseriti nella scuola dell'infanzia  e ha  cercato di  descrivere l’italiano delle  seconde generazioni, tra esitazioni, silenzi, conquiste e  creatività linguistica.     A “second and adopted” language. Second generation Italian speakers.   In Italian schools there is an important change which regards foreign children enrolled: every year there are more and more of them who were born in Italy and they enter the school system following the same rhythms as their native classmates while fewer and fewer foreigners arrive from their home countries to reunite with their families.  How do foreign children, born in Italy, speak?  What interlinguistic characteristics does the Italian spoken by these “future citizens” have?  This observational study focused on some foreign 5-year-old children in Italian preschools and attempted to describe the language used by these second-generation speakers, between hesitations, silences, achievements and linguistic creativity.

  12. Il concetto di storia della lingua nell'opera grammaticale di Benedetto Buommattei

    Gunver Skytte

    1991-12-01

    Full Text Available Che la storia della lingua sia una disciplina linguistica di data recente, fondata nell'800, soprattutto grazie alle ricerche pionieristiche di insigni filologi tedeschi, è un'opinione comunemente accettata, ed essa è probabilmente anche giustificata attraverso la classificazione datane di disciplina. A questo dato di fatto si deve senz'altro l'opinione altrettanto estesa che prima dell'800 non esistesse il concetto di linguistica diacronica o cambiamento linguistico in senso scientifico, come pure quella non meno erronea che la linguistica, come scienza, sia stata fondata solo nell'800.

  13. Business Process Management Notation (BPMN) as Lingua Franca in Virtual Communities

    Tambo, Torben

    2017-01-01

    processes are carried out through informal as well as formal VCs. In formal organizations, VCs are regarded as dynamic; people or work processes move back and forth between formal business processes and VCs. It is interesting to see how VCs in enterprise landscapes can execute using a common understanding......, a single language or an expression, a lingua franca to transform ideas into knowledge, sustain representation of knowledge, and exchange knowledge with the formal, non-virtual organization. Business Process Management Notation (BPMN) has become commonplace for describing and formalizing regular enterprise...

  14. English as a Lingua Franca: Applied Linguistics, Marxism, and Post-Marxist theory

    John Robert Schmitz

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT This paper is motived by a reading of “English as a Lingua Franca: An Immanent Critique” (O’REGAN, 2014, who claims that ELF researchers place their work at the forefront of debates with regard to what function and form English should play in the lives of its numerous speakers worldwide. O’Regan questions the use of an epistemology based on a positivist and objectivist paradigm, connected to a postmodernist and poststructuralist ‘sensibility’. To attempt a fair analysis of O’Regan’s critique of ELF, I consider it essential to examine Marxist theory in the light of the analyses of Sim’s (2000 Post-Marxism and of the work published by Laclau and Mouffe (1985. My reading leads me to claim that traditional Marxist thinking is compromised by its association with authoritarian and totalitarian stances, as opposed to Post-Marxist views of pluralism, libertarianism, and openness to the cultural climate of postmodernism. Based on the disillusions of post-Marxist thinkers, I conclude that the views of classical Marxism are not applicable to ‘English as a Lingua Franca’

  15. Empréstimos de origem italiana na terminologia gastronômica

    Paola Giustina Baccin

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available Na terminologia gastrônomica da língua portuguesa encontramos unidades lexicais provenientes da língua italiana adaptadas ou não, dicionarizadas ou não. A adaptação do sistema e às normas da língua receptora revela que os estrangeirismos além de integrar, modificarão a visão de mundo dos falantes e serão modificados por essa visão do mundo adquirindos novos semas

  16. Estudio comparativo de los aportes de las inmigraciones italiana y portuguesa a la vida nacional venezolana

    Bondarenko Pisemskaya, Natalia

    2015-01-01

    Se presenta la problemática de las corrientes migratorias italiana y portuguesa a Venezuela. Después de la reseña histórica, se procede a analizar las características de éstas: personajes destacados, razones para emigrar, edad, situación familiar, picos y descensos en el flujo migratorio. Luego, se discuten sus aportes a la vida nacional venezolana y se presentan las maneras de conservar el legado lingüístico-cultural originario en el suelo del país receptor. Finalmente, se res...

  17. Pronunciation and Comprehension in English as a Lingua Franca Communication: Effect of L1 Influence in International Aviation Communication

    Kim, Hyejeong; Billington, Rosey

    2018-01-01

    This article explores the issues of pronunciation and comprehension in the English as a lingua franca (ELF) context of pilot--air traffic controller radiotelephony communication, and how these are handled in the proficiency rating scale globally used to assess pilots and air traffic controllers engaging in international flight and air traffic…

  18. Planning for a Global Lingua Franca: Challenges for Feminist Language Planning in English(es) around the World

    Pauwels, Anne

    2011-01-01

    In this paper I outline the challenges for feminist language planning in the context of a global lingua franca--English. Drawing upon the views of speakers of "World Englishes" I discuss their reactions as well as reported practices in relation to gender-inclusive language use. This reveals the complexities of managing the tension between the…

  19. Determinati e direttrici della politica finanziaria italiana. (Determinants and trends of Italian financial policy

    M. SARCINELLI

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available La politica finanziaria italiana negli anni Ottanta è stata finalizzato principalmente al miglioramento dei segmenti rilevanti e il raggiungimento di un migliore mix di tutta la gamma di strumenti e intermediari. Altri due tendenze - privatizzazione e deregolamentazione - sono stati molto meno in primo piano rispetto al resto del mondo . L'autore fornisce un'ampia panoramica dello stato della politica finanziaria italiana , guardando le circostanze economiche e le politiche macroeconomiche , l'innovazione finanziaria , il processo di liberalizzazione e privatizzazione di regolamentazione .Italian financial policy in the eighties has been aimed mainly at improving the relevant segments and achieving a better mix of the whole range of instruments and intermediaries. Two other trends - privatisation and deregulation - have been much less to the fore than the rest of the world. The author provides a broad overview of the state of Italian financial policy, looking at economic circumstances and macro-economic policies, financial innovation, the deregulation-regulation process and privatisation.JEL: G18

  20. Suitability of linear scoring in meat sheep: the practical case of Merinizzata Italiana breed

    Andrea Giontella

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Linear scoring is widely applied in domestic animal species, mainly in cattle and horses. There are only few cases of linear scoring in sheep, probably because the small body size and the narrow range of the classes make difficult to correctly evaluate the measures. In this paper the results of a linear scoring test carried out on Merinizzata Italiana sheep breed in order to verify the feasibility of this method in sheep, are reported. Twenty untrained people, with three different levels of scoring experience in meat sheep morphology, evaluated 52 pluriparous ewes for body length, chest circumference, chest width, rump height, rump width, and withers height; to check for misclassification, their scores were compared with a reference score, previously obtained measuring the same animals by the suitable tools (measuring tape and a Lydtin stick. The percentage of correct scoring ranged from 44.4% for body length to 61.8% for withers height, and was not affected by the experience of the judge. In all characters, the distance of the class from the trait mean had a significant effect in increasing the intensity of misclassifications; the judge’s experience showed a positive effect in reducing the intensity of the misclassification for body length, that was the hardest trait to score. These results encourage to further verifying in practice the linear scoring in the Merinizzata Italiana sheep and in other meat breeds.

  1. Attivita del Centro di Linguistica Applicata nel campo della lingua e della cultura italiana all'estero (Activities of the Italian Center for Applied Linguistics concerning Italian Language and Culture Abroad).

    Boriosi Katerinov, Maria Clotilde

    1979-01-01

    Outlines the activities of a recently created section of the Italian Center for Applied Linguistics (CILA), dealing with "Teaching Italian Abroad." Describes these activities as encompassing four areas: research, teaching methodology, consultation, teachers' training and bibliographical information. Lists statistical surveys, research papers, and…

  2. Conceptualising English as a lingua franca (ELF) as a tertiary ...

    Department of English Studies, University of Vienna, Spitalgasse 2, Hof 8. 1090 Vienna .... warning tone on the use of English as medium of higher education as regards various concerns ... of monolingual English speakers will surely not work.

  3. [Clinical characteristics and speech therapy of lingua-apical articulation disorder].

    Zhang, Feng-hua; Jin, Xing-ming; Zhang, Yi-wen; Wu, Hong; Jiang, Fan; Shen, Xiao-ming

    2006-03-01

    To explore the clinical characteristics and speech therapy of 62 children with lingua-apical articulation disorder. Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test (PPVT), Gesell development scales (Gesell), Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Preschool Children (WPPSI) and speech test were performed for 62 children at the ages of 3 to 8 years with lingua-apical articulation disorder. PPVT was used to measure receptive vocabulary skills. GESELL and WPPSI were utilized to represent cognitive and non-verbal ability. The speech test was adopted to assess the speech development. The children received speech therapy and auxiliary oral-motor functional training once or twice a week. Firstly the target sound was identified according to the speech development milestone, then the method of speech localization was used to clarify the correct articulation placement and manner. It was needed to change food character and administer oral-motor functional training for children with oral motor dysfunction. The 62 cases with the apical articulation disorder were classified into four groups. The combined pattern of the articulation disorder was the most common (40 cases, 64.5%), the next was apico-dental disorder (15 cases, 24.2%). The third was palatal disorder (4 cases, 6.5%) and the last one was the linguo-alveolar disorder (3 cases, 4.8%). The substitution errors of velar were the most common (95.2%), the next was omission errors (30.6%) and the last was absence of aspiration (12.9%). Oral motor dysfunction was found in some children with problems such as disordered joint movement of tongue and head, unstable jaw, weak tongue strength and poor coordination of tongue movement. Some children had feeding problems such as preference of eating soft food, keeping food in mouths, eating slowly, and poor chewing. After 5 to 18 times of therapy, the effective rate of speech therapy reached 82.3%. The lingua-apical articulation disorders can be classified into four groups. The combined pattern of the

  4. Dealing with Communicative Problems in English as a Lingua Franca | Traiter les problèmes communicatifs en anglais considéré comme lingua franca

    Agnieszka Nowicka

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available De nos jours, l’anglais est l’une des langues les plus utilisées dans la communication internationale. Les locuteurs qui recourent à l’anglais en tant que lingua franca maîtrisent cette langue de façon inégale. Cependant, dans ce type d’échanges les locuteurs ne sont pas confrontés uniquement à des problèmes d’origine linguistique. Notre but, dans le présent article, est de réfléchir, tout d’abord, à la question de comment les différences socio-culturelles, au niveau des styles d’interaction, peuvent influencer la communication. Ensuite, on se focalisera sur les différentes façons dont les locuteurs réagissent aux problèmes de cette nature lorsqu’ils apparaissent dans l’interaction et, finalement, on démontrera comment ces problèmes sont négociés par les locuteurs. Nous recourrons à l’analyse conversationnelle afin d’analyser des extraits d’interactions en anglais qui serviront d’illustration.

  5. Turkish EFL Teachers’ Perceptions of English as a Lingua Franca

    Görsev İnceçay

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to investigate the perceptions of; (1 Turkish EFL (English as a Foreign Language teachers about ELF, (2 Turkish EFL teachers and teacher educators about the role of ELF on language teacher education. Data came from a questionnaire and semi-structured interviews. A hundred Turkish EFL teachers working at two universities in Istanbul responded to the questionnaire. Ten randomly selected EFL teachers and 10 teacher educators working in language teacher education departments of two universities were interviewed to elicit their views about the role of ELF in language teacher education. Findings of the study revealed a number of important results and implications for the field

  6. Preschool Children Differentiation According to the Lingua- Grammatical Categories Development

    Z. V. Polivara

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The parallel existence of languages and cultures brings forward the necessity of studying this linguistic phenomenon and designing special methods of speech development for the bilingual children. The particular attention should be given to the preschool age, for according to A. A. Leontyev’s study, the parallel acquiring of two languages often results in insufficient development of socio-linguistic speech standards. The research is devoted to the phenomenon of the two language systems coexistence in a bilingual person’s consciousness, both of them functioning and encoding the same subjects and phenomena. The peculiarities of language interference are described with the reference to the Russian-Tatar bilingual environment. The author believes that the bilingual interference problems are not caused by the phonetic and grammar system differences of the two languages. To find out the potential source of inter-language transition and interrelations between the native and non-native languages, it is necessary to identify the cognitive, neurolinguistic and psycho-linguistic aspects. Therefore, the regional phenomenon of mass bilingualism among the Tatar population is examined by the author in the framework of the psycho-linguistic and cognitive approaches. The paper presents the model of the lexical and grammar categories formation based on differentiated preschool teaching of the bilingual children. The proposed model makes it possible to overcome the limited viewpoint on the general speech dysfunctions, as well as the specifics of lexical and grammar categories development. It can be used for the further development of educational programs in psycho-linguistics, ethno-linguistics, onto-linguistics, cognitive linguistics, social-linguistics, contrastive linguistics and the language theory by means of extending the teaching course content. 

  7. Inteligibilidade da língua inglesa sob o paradigma de lingua franca

    Becker, Marcia Regina

    2013-01-01

    Resumo: No contexto de mundo globalizado, a língua inglesa se sobressai como a língua das interações. Como falantes que possuem o inglês como língua materna são já minoria, a grande maioria trará para o inglês características próprias de sua primeira língua. A expressão latina que tem sido usada e definida como a melhor para nomear esse inglês do novo milênio é "inglês como lingua franca", ELF, cujo objetivo principal é ser mutuamente inteligível entre seus falantes de diferentes nacionalida...

  8. Polilinguismo nella scrittura murale urbana: Note sulla lingua spagnola

    ELena Landone

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract – In this paper I focus on the polylinguistic and polycultural landscape of Milan on the theoretical basis of daily life studies, the sociolinguistics of globalization, and intercultural pragmatics. The relevance of this field is determined by the need for urban anthropology to semiotize the urban spaces as an interpretative bridge between the microsystem (the individual level and the macrosystem (the social level. More concretely, I investigate the presence of the Spanish language in the superdiversity of Milan and, methodologically, I collect ethnographically and interpret qualitatively a corpus of 700 daily life texts of various types of street writing. The results show the significant presence of Spanish in the urban landscape and a high level of hybridism which is, nevertheless, totally functional in communication. I also detect the emergence of linguistic, pragmatic and intercultural awareness in the writers. Finally, with some precautions, I confirm the scientific potential of the daily life documents to investigate complex urban dynamics.Resumen – El tema de este estudio es el panorama polilingüe y policultural de Milán y se plantea a partir de las bases teóricas de los everyday life studies, de la sociolingüistica de la globalización y de la pragmática intercultural. La relevancia del estudio descansa en la necesidad de la antropología urbana de elaborar una interpretación semiótica de los espacios urbanos, puesto que pueden constituir un puente interpretativo entre el microsistema (individuo y el macrosistema (sociedad. Concretamente, el objetivo es investigar el papel del idioma español en la supediversidad milanesa; la metodología es de etnografía urbana con la formación e interpretación cualitativa de un corpus fotográfico de setecientos textos cotidianos de escritura callejera (pintadas, avisos, grafiti, ecc.. Los datos relevan una presencia significativa del español en el landscape milanés, con un

  9. Raccomandazione CM/ Rec(20145 del Comitato dei Ministri agli Stati membri sull’importanza delle competenze nella(e lingua(e di scolarizzazione per l’equità e la qualità nell’istruzione e per il successo scolastico

    (Adottata dal Comitato dei Ministri il 2 Raccomandazione C/M Rec(20145

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available L’espressione “lingua di scolarizzazione” è usata per indicare la “lingua usata per fini di studio” e fa riferimento alla lingua (nazionale o maggioritaria nelle sue diverse varietà diafasiche ma anche diamesiche e comprende la lingua usata nella vita scolastica, la lingua usata dall’insegnante per esporre oralmente i contenuti disciplinari e per svolgere l’attività didattica, la lingua usata per l’assegnazione e lo svolgimento dei compiti e delle attività scolastiche, la lingua per la valutazione e/o la certificazione degli apprendimenti, la lingua interdisciplinare e metalinguistica trasversale alle diverse discipline di insegnamento, la lingua di ciascuna disciplina, la lingua dei materiali e dei testi (manuali, articoli, testi di divulgazione, enciclopedie, ecc, su stampa o su siti Internet per l’insegnamento/apprendimento disciplinare. È, insomma, la lingua attraverso la quale si costruiscono gli apprendimenti scolastici (saperi, nozioni, ragionamenti, comportamenti, ecc. quale che sia la lingua madre degli apprendenti.La Raccomandazione approvata dal Comitato dei Ministri del Consiglio d’Europa che qui si presenta sottolinea come la padronanza della lingua di scolarizzazione sia indispensabile per il successo scolastico degli apprendenti immigrati come degli apprendenti la cui lingua di scolarizzazione è anche la lingua madre usata nella comunicazione ordinaria e in particolare per gli apprendenti cosiddetti “vulnerabili” che provengono da ambienti socio-economicamente e culturalmente svantaggiati. Far acquisire tale padronanza è un compito e una responsabilità dei decisori politici così come di tutti gli insegnanti (tutti gli insegnanti sono insegnanti di lingua; il rapporto che accompagna la Raccomandazione suggerisce strategie e modalità da implementare nella definizione dei curricoli e nelle pratiche di insegnamento a scuola.  Recommendation CM/Rec(20145of the Committee of Ministers to member

  10. Raccomandazione CM/ Rec(20145 del Comitato dei Ministri agli Stati membri sull’importanza delle competenze nella(e lingua(e di scolarizzazione per l’equità e la qualità nell’istruzione e per il successo scolastico

    (Adottata dal Comitato dei Ministri il 2 aprile 2014 in occasione della riunione 1196 dei Delegati dei Ministri Raccomandazione C/M Rec(20145

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available L’espressione “lingua di scolarizzazione” è usata per indicare la “lingua usata per fini di studio” e fa riferimento alla lingua (nazionale o maggioritaria nelle sue diverse varietà diafasiche ma anche diamesiche e comprende la lingua usata nella vita scolastica, la lingua usata dall’insegnante per esporre oralmente i contenuti disciplinari e per svolgere l’attività didattica, la lingua usata per l’assegnazione e lo svolgimento dei compiti e delle attività scolastiche, la lingua per la valutazione e/o la certificazione degli apprendimenti, la lingua interdisciplinare e metalinguistica trasversale alle diverse discipline di insegnamento, la lingua di ciascuna disciplina, la lingua dei materiali e dei testi (manuali, articoli, testi di divulgazione, enciclopedie, ecc, su stampa o su siti Internet per l’insegnamento/apprendimento disciplinare. È, insomma, la lingua attraverso la quale si costruiscono gli apprendimenti scolastici (saperi, nozioni, ragionamenti, comportamenti, ecc. quale che sia la lingua madre degli apprendenti.La Raccomandazione approvata dal Comitato dei Ministri del Consiglio d’Europa che qui si presenta sottolinea come la padronanza della lingua di scolarizzazione sia indispensabile per il successo scolastico degli apprendenti immigrati come degli apprendenti la cui lingua di scolarizzazione è anche la lingua madre usata nella comunicazione ordinaria e in particolare per gli apprendenti cosiddetti “vulnerabili” che provengono da ambienti socio-economicamente e culturalmente svantaggiati. Far acquisire tale padronanza è un compito e una responsabilità dei decisori politici così come di tutti gli insegnanti (tutti gli insegnanti sono insegnanti di lingua; il rapporto che accompagna la Raccomandazione suggerisce strategie e modalità da implementare nella definizione dei curricoli e nelle pratiche di insegnamento a scuola.  Recommendation CM/Rec(20145 of the Committee of Ministers to member States

  11. FOCUS SULLA SENSIBILITÀ LINGUISTICA: LA TRADUZIONE COLLABORATIVA NELLA CLASSE DI LINGUA

    Gioia Panzarella

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Può la traduzione facilitare la didattica delle lingue moderne? Questo articolo illustra i primi risultati di un progetto di ricerca in corso presso l’Università di Warwick, Regno Unito, (in collaborazione con l’Università di Monash, Australia che riguarda l’uso della traduzione collaborativa nell’insegnamento delle lingue a studenti universitari e a studenti Erasmus. Le autrici si sono concentrate sui vantaggi in termini di sensibilità linguistica e consapevolezza culturale derivanti da un particolare modello di traduzione collaborativa. Quando la proposta di “Collaborative Translation: A Model for Inclusion” si applica al particolare contesto della didattica delle lingue, infatti, l’insegnante e gli studenti esplorano insieme il processo di traduzione di un testo verso la lingua madre degli studenti. Il valore di questo approccio risiede nel privilegiare una messa in discussione della corrispondenza univoca tra due termini in due diverse lingue: l’insegnante è infatti un collaboratore della traduzione che agisce come facilitatore, chiedendo agli studenti-collaboratori di assumersi la responsabilità della traduzione. L’abilità linguistica in sé, di conseguenza, ha un ruolo secondario rispetto alla curiosità e alla riflessione linguistica nei confronti della propria lingua. I  workshop di inglese e di italiano sono stati rivolti rispettivamente a studenti principianti e a studenti avanzati. Focus on language sensitivity: collaborative translation in language class How can translation facilitate language learning? Reporting on the preliminary findings of an ongoing research project into the use of translation in language learning at the University of Warwick, UK (in collaboration with the University of Monash, Australia, the authors investigate the advantages of a specific translation model in terms of linguistic sensitivity and cultural awareness. The ‘Collaborative Translation: A Model for Inclusion’ prototype is

  12. Liberalism in Ergonomicon as a Threat to Lingua-Cultural Identity (the Case of Modern Kazan

    Marina Ivanovna Solnyshkina

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The article is written to identify lingua-cultural norms and axiological determinants of modern ergonomicon of Kazan implemented in borrowings from foreign languages, they serve markers of major changes in the linguistic landscape of the modern city viewed as a socio-linguistic category. The borrowed elements in the city ergonyms register synchronous state of axiological determinants of participants of interaction: individuals, organizations and companies that create public and commercial signs. The common significance of the language of this kind of phenomena is determined by the possibility of using them to predict the range and diversity of linguistic and axiological changes, including the partial loss of national and ethnic identity. To create a high perlocutionary effect of ergonyms nominators use a variety of creative mechanisms, changing the shape and functions of native lexems, by borrowing lexems from foreign languages, resorting to different methods of derivation such as contamination, transliteration, hybridization, pun, etc. Unfortunately, at present time these processes demonstrate fast increase. The majority of them are not followed by gradual and harmonious integration into the host (Russian and Tatar cultures, but the erosion of values or partial /complete loss of identity is noted. Most clearly this kind of phenomenon is explicated in preferred nominator names of urban sites, and advertising slogans, transmitting an alien principles and postulates to traditional Russian culture.

  13. La cultura italiana en la literatura argentina: los casos de Manuel Puig y Roberto Raschella

    Silvia Cattoni

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available El aluvión inmigratorio italiano en Argentina marcó en el campo literario tensiones propias del mestizaje cultural que impactan en las sociedades receptoras. Es particularmente significativo, en esta ocasión, analizar dos casos de la literatura argentina de la segunda mitad del siglo XX. Las cartas de Manuel Puig (Querida Familia: Tomo 1, Cartas Europeas, Entropía, Bs. As. 2005 constituyen un ejemplo claro de asimilación en el que el registro coloquial y las interferencias lingüísticas se estilizan en formas propias de alta cultura. De manera complementaria Roberto Raschella (1930 en Diálogos de los patios rojos (Buenos Aires, Eudeba, 1994; 2013 crea una polifonía de voces en la que la tradición literaria italiana dialoga con la memoria individual, una situación poética que posibilita un singular proceso de asimilación semántica.

  14. CARTAS DE CONTROLE MULTIVARIADAS: ESTUDO DE CASO EM VINÍCOLAS ITALIANAS

    Tassia Henkes Maciel

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available DOI: 10.12957/cadest.2014.18277 Diante de um ambiente cada vez mais competitivo, as empresas devem adotar uma linha de trabalho orientada para qualidade. Nos processos produtivos, o monitoramento e controle da variabilidade são fundamentais para a melhoria da qualidade. Com processos sob controle, os produtos apresentam mais qualidade e a linha de produção mais produtividade. Neste contexto, o controle estatístico do processo, através da utilização das cartas de controle, é requisito para as organizações que buscam reduzir a variabilidade dos processos a fim de aumentar a qualidade dos produtos e reduzir seus custos. As cartas de controle univariadas, mais especificamente para variáveis e atributos, monitoram características da qualidade independentes. Embora amplamente utilizadas, em alguns contextos específicos elas falham, sendo mais indicada a utilização de cartas de controle multivariadas, onde as características da qualidade monitoradas são dependentes entre si. Com isso, este artigo tem por objetivo fazer uma revisão bibliográfica sobre as cartas de controle multivariadas e realizar um estudo de caso aplicado no controle estatístico de processo produtivo de vinícolas italianas.Palavras-chave: Controle Estatístico do Processo; Carta de Controle Multivariada; Qualidade do Vinho.

  15. O discurso sobre a terra italiana nas Geórgicas de Virgílio

    Thaíse Pereira Bastos Silva Pio

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available As Geórgicas (37-30 a.C. constituem um poema sobre a vida rural e as diversas atividades agrícolas: o cultivo dos cereais, a arboricultura, em especial o cultivo da vinha, a criação dos rebanhos e a apicultura. Cada um dos quatro livros que compõem a obra descreve uma atividade específica, por meio do discurso eminentemente didático. Ao longo da obra, porém, notam-se diversas passagens digressivas, em que o poeta narra sobre outros temas, em geral, de cunho religioso, mitológico e filosófico. Uma destas passagens, conhecida como Laudes Italiae, versos 136 a 176 do II canto, constitui um verdadeiro hino de louvor às terras italianas. Intentamos verificar a relevância de alguns dos temas tratados nos referidos versos das Geórgicas, considerando, sobretudo, o contexto de produção da obra, e buscando compreender o seu significado dentro deste poema didático.

  16. Aspectos de la evolución de la industria italiana del cemento durante el último quinquenio (1955-1959

    Malquori, Giovanni

    1961-03-01

    Full Text Available Not availableComo acabo de decir, hace ahora cinco años que tuve el grato honor de describir, en este mismo Centro, la evolución de la industria italiana del cemento, desde sus comienzos, en la segunda mitad del siglo pasado, hasta nuestros días, y de ilustrar brevemente los resultados conseguidos, tanto en el sector de la producción como en el de las aplicaciones.

  17. La lingua2 nel Web. Prospettive digitali per la didattica dell’italiano a stranieri

    Roberto Quaggia

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available L'articolo si compone di due parti. Nella prima si espongono alcuni punti focali del dibattito sul rapporto tra glottodidattica e tecnologie digitali (dai dispositivi mobili ai software per la comunicazione, fino agli attuali socialnetwork. In particolare l’attenzione è rivolta sul fatto che la lingua della comunicazione digitale costituisce una varietà linguistica dal confronto con la quale l’insegnamento di una L2 non può ormai prescindere, e che le tecnologie digitali della comunicazione, se correttamente adottate fuori e dentro la classe, consentono di ridurre il confine tra apprendimento guidato e acquisizione spontanea di una lingua seconda. Filo conduttore della riflessione è il concetto di “competenza comunicativa digitale”, che si aggiunge alle componenti della competenza linguistico-comunicativa indicate dal Quadro Comune Europeo di Riferimento per le Lingue. Nella seconda parte del lavoro, dal taglio più didattico, si presenta una serie di strumenti e di esperienze di insegnamento/apprendimento della L2 con l’uso delle tecnologie digitali. In particolare ci si sofferma sulle opportunità offerte dal Web 2.0, simulando la creazione di una piattaforma per l’insegnamento/apprendimento dell’italiano L2 completamente online. Non si tratta di una semplice piattaforma per l’e-learning (o d-learning, ma di una vera e propria rete per l’insegnamento, l’apprendimento, la comunicazione e la formazione che trasforma il modo in cui si usa, si apprende e si insegna una L2. L2 on the Web. Digital perspectives for teaching italian to foreignersThe article consists of two parts. In the first we illustrate some focal points in the debate on the relationship between language teaching and digital technologies (from mobile devices to communication software and current social networks. In particular, we focus on the fact that the language of digital communication is a linguistic variety which L2 teaching can no longer ignore, and

  18. LA LINGUA FILMATA: "L'UOMO CHE VERRÀ" DI GIORGIO DIRITTI

    Marta Idini

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available La lingua filmata appare oggi uno dei campi linguistici in cui il dialetto torna ad essere scelta registica e veicolo di nuove istanze comunicative, in stretta relazione con un nuovo modo di intendere e praticare il cinema. Il presente articolo introduce il lettore alla consuetudine cinematografica del dialetto, analizzandone la presenza e le funzioni che gli sono state attribuite nei decenni trascorsi e presenti, e guarda a L’Uomo che verrà quale espressione attuale di una nuova risorgenza dialettale all’interno delle pellicole nostrane. Attraverso un’analisi attenta dei fenomeni vernacolari in esso presenti, l’indagine si sofferma sulle motivazioni e l’efficacia comunicativa cui perviene l’uso del dialetto e si interroga su quale grado di realismo o mimesi linguistica Diritti abbia raggiunto. Language of film: "L’uomo che verrà" by Giorgio DirittiLanguage in films is one of the fields where dialect becomes a choice and a vehicle for new communicative demands, closely related the new way of understanding and practicing the cinema. This article introduces the reader to the use of dialect in films, analyzing the presence and functions that have been attributed to it in the past and present decades, and looks at L’Uomo che verrà as an expression of the new resurgence of dialect in Italian films. Through careful analysis of the vernacular, the paper focuses on the motivations and the communicative effectiveness of the use of dialect and questions the degree of realism or linguistic mimesis that Diritti was able to reach.

  19. Romulus’ adytum or asylum? A New Exegetical proposal for De lingua Latina 5, 8

    Federica Lazzerini

    2017-05-01

    Molto si è discusso sui quattro livelli progressivi secondo i quali Varrone struttura l’etimologia in ling. 5, 8; a ogni livello è associato un diverso tipo di analisi e si applica a una diversa categoria di parole. Una formulazione criptica ed ellittica, in un passo che nel manoscritto del testo è quasi certamente corrotto, avvolgono il quarto livello in una nube di incertezza e ambiguità. Se alcuni filologi hanno difeso il mantenimento del tradito Quartus, ubi est aditus et initia regis (“Il quarto livello è dove è l’ingresso e le origini del re”, la maggior parte delle interpretazioni moderne opta piuttosto per l’emendazione di aditus in adytum (“santuario” e legge il passo come un riferimento a vari tipi di culti misterici, collocando il quarto livello etimologico in un quadro di esoterismo. Nel presente contributo, si avanza la proposta che nel passo in questione non vi sia alcuna allusione ai misteri, ma un riferimento all’episodio storico-leggendario della fondazione, da parte di Romolo, di un “santuario” sul Campidoglio, destinato all’accoglienza di supplici provenienti da ogni popolo ed estrazione sociale. Questa istituzione portò alla formazione del primo nucleo abitativo di Roma e anche, di conseguenza, del sostrato vernacolare alle origini della lingua latina; come tale, tale episodio converge con gli interessi e le idee di Varrone. L’ipotesi che il quartus gradus etymologiae alluda al santuario di Romolo può essere difesa o dando una nuova interpretazione al termine adytum, o proponendo un’emendazione testuale (aditus > asylum, che produca il testo Quartus, ubi est asylum et initia regis.

  20. Sottotitolazione intralinguistica e inglese ‘lingua franca’: strategie di mediazione audiovisiva

    Pietro Luigi Iaia

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract – This chapter illustrates the results of a workshop held at the University of Salento, during an English-Italian Translation Course. A group of undergraduate students was asked to produce an intralingual translation for the subtitles of the video Capsized in Lampedusa – Fortress Italia, which deals with the situation in Lampedusa after a boat capsized in October 2013. The original video – available on YouTube – is subtitled into English for Vice News and, in a ‘role play’ exercise (Rosnow 1990, students were commissioned to adopt a type of English that could be directed at a wider international audience also including non-native English speakers. The contrastive analysis of the original and reformulated versions is designed to enquire into the influence and actualisation of the commissioner’s requests in the lexical, structural and functional features of target texts. The extent will also be explored, to which the type of English adopted in the alternative subtitles can be defined as a lingua-franca variation (Seidlhofer 2011, due to the inclusion of specific verb tenses and the selection of simplified syntactic structures (Seidlhofer 2004, aimed at facilitating the audience’s reception and accessibility to the semantic dimensions of the text. Finally, the analysis will also highlight the translators’ attempts to respect the temporal and spatial constraints of subtitles (Neves 2009, as well as the multimodal construction (Kress and van Leeuwen 2006 of audiovisual texts, which result in the use of condensation strategies (Gottlieb 2005; Pedersen 2011, thus proposing the new definition of audiovisual mediation.

  1. LINGUA TERTII IMPERII. VICTOR KLEMPERERS DIARISTISCHE ERÖRTERUNGEN ZUR ANTISEMITISCHEN HASSREDE

    Arvi SEPP

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Victor Klemperers Tagebücher Ich will Zeugnis ablegen bis zum letzten: Tagebücher 1933-1945 haben nach ihrem Erscheinen Mitte der 1990er Jahre ein starkes Echo gefunden und gehören inzwischen zum Kanon der Tagebuchliteratur. Das zweibändige, während der nationalsozialistischen Diktatur entstandene Tagebuchwerk beschreibt die Lebenswelt eines deutsch-jüdischen Verfolgten im Dritten Reich. Der Antisemitismus zwang den Philologen zu einer Auseinandersetzung mit dem Relevanzverlust seiner Assimilationsbemühungen und seiner Kennzeichnung als Jude. Eine rekurrente Kompensationstaktik gegen seine erzwungene Randstellung besteht in der sprachkritischen Demontierung des Rassendenkens, um die Ungültigkeit des Antisemitismus nachzuweisen. Die Beobachtungen zur Lingua Tertii Imperii, die er in den Tagebuchblättern aufschrieb, wurden immer mehr zu seinem eigentlichen Werk. Das Tagebuch ist vor diesem Hintergrund in weiten Teilen zum Arbeitsjournal für die Sprachund Kulturanalysen Klemperers geworden. Der Interdependenz von Sprachkritik und Mentalitätsgeschichte in Klemperers Analyse der Sprache des Dritten Reiches gilt im vorliegenden Aufsatz das Hauptinteresse. Im ersten Teil wird der Frage nachgegangen, auf welche Art und Weise Victor Klemperer in seinen Notizen die Beziehung zwischen Sprache, Ideologie und Mentalität verstand. Im zweiten Teil wird unter Rückgriff auf Judith Butler und Louis Althusser in den Vordergrund gerückt, wie Victor Klemperer im Tagebuch vor Augen führt, dass das verletzende Sprechen gegen Juden im Nationalsozialismus eine subjektkonstituierende Wirkung hatte. Im letzten Teil des Aufsatzes gilt das Hauptaugenmerk der vom Tagebuchautor festgestellten diskursiven Einverleibung antisemitischer Rhetorik durch die verfolgte jüdische Bevölkerung.

  2. The Development of LinguaBytes : An Interactive Tangible Play and Learning System to Stimulate the Language Development of Toddlers with Multiple Disabilities

    Hengeveld, B.; Voort, R.; Hummels, C.; De Moor, J.; Van Balkom, H.; Overbeeke, K.; Van der Helm, A.

    2008-01-01

    Young children with multiple disabilities (e.g., both cognitive and motor disabilities) are confronted with severe limitations in language development from birth and later on. Stimulating the adult-child communication can decrease these limitations. Within LinguaBytes, a three-year research program,

  3. Learning to Teach Intelligible Pronunciation for ASEAN English as a Lingua Franca: A Sociocultural Investigation of Cambodian Pre-Service Teacher Cognition and Practice

    Lim, Sovannarith

    2016-01-01

    English has been referred to as a lingua franca for the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). As the region moves towards establishing the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC), the diversity of pronunciation of the ASEAN member states is seen as a forefront issue for English language teaching (ELT). From a sociocultural perspective, this study…

  4. Bienestar económico regional: un enfoque comparativo entre regiones españolas e italianas

    Pilar Murias Fernández; Fidel Martínez Roget; Simone Novello

    2010-01-01

    Este trabajo propone una visión revisada del bienestar económico regional. Trabajos recientes en economía regional han mostrado su desacuerdo con la noción tradicional de bienestar económico que considera únicamente renta per cápita. A través de la comparación de regiones españolas e italianas y usando un enfoque basado en el Análisis Envolvente de Datos, este trabajo sugiere un indicador sintético de bienestar regional basado en las cuatro componentes de Osberg (1985): capacidad de consumo, ...

  5. “I PROMESSI SPOSI” DI GUIDO DA VERONA: APPUNTI SULLA LINGUA E SULLO STILE

    Giuseppe Sergio

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Nel dare alle stampe la sua parodia dei Promessi Sposi (1930, Guido da Verona non immaginava di compiere delitto di lesa maestà nei confronti del totem manzoniano né che sarebbe stato oscurato dal controllo igienico fascista. Nel saggio si sostiene infatti, anche sulla base di evidenze ricavate dall'analisi del manoscritto, che la sua intenzione non fosse satirica, bensì ludico-parodica. Il cuore del saggio si incentra sull'analisi comparativa tra la versione daveroniana e l'ipotesto manzoniano, con particolare attenzione alle scaturigini del comico. Oltre che mettere in evidenza i tratti caratterizzanti la prosa di da Verona, captante e alluvionata di wits  linguistici, il saggio descrive le strategie comiche usate dall'autore, quelle basate sul carattere e sulle situazioni e quelle del discorso vero e proprio. Nel corso dell'analisi  si evidenzia come sia il comico del significante sia l'infrazione dei legami logici e di successione cooperino a incrinare la visione ordinata del mondo e della lingua strenuamente voluta e ottenuta da Alessandro Manzoni.   When the parody of Promessi Sposi (1930 was sent to press, Guido da Verona did not imagine he was committing the crime of lese-majesty with regard to the Manzonian totem, nor that it would be blacklisted by the Fascist regime. This paper shows that, based on the analysis of the manuscript, the author's intention was not satirical, but a playful parody. It is a comparative analysis between the da Verona version and the Manzonian hypertext, with particular attention placed on the origin of the comic. Besides highlighting the traits that characterize the text brimming with linguistic wit by da Verona, the paper describes the comedic strategies used by the author based on the characters and situations, as well as in the discourse itself. The analysis shows how the comic meaning and the breaking of logical and temporal links crack the orderly vision of the world and the language carefully

  6. The Understanding of English Emotion Words by Chinese and Japanese Speakers of English as a Lingua Franca

    Mosekjær, Stine

    In this thesis I investigate the understanding and use of the English emotion words guilty, ashamed, and proud by Japanese and Chinese speakers of English as a lingua franca. By exploring empirical data I examine (1) how Japanese and Chinese participants understand and use the three stimulus words......, (2) if their understanding and use differ from that of native English speakers, and (3) if so, what these differences are. In the thesis 65 participants are investigated. The participants consist of 20 native Japanese and 23 native Chinese. For comparison, a group of 22 British native English....... The framework, which is based on the theoretical notion of the word as an image-idea pair as suggested by the theory of linguistic supertypes, consists of three tests each addressing three different aspects of the understanding and use of the stimulus words: the Free Association test (FA test), the Context...

  7. STRUMENTI E TECNOLOGIE IN RETE PER L’INSEGNAMENTO E L’APPRENDIMENTO DELLA LINGUA

    Diego Santalucia

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available L’articolo analizza il processo di sviluppo delle tecnologie finalizzate alla comunicazione in rete nel web 2.0 e alcune possibilità della loro utilizzazione a fini didattici. La prima parte illustra la situazione attuale del web, con le sue risorse in ambito tecnologico e le sue peculiarità rispetto a una didattica che dovrebbe tener conto, in maniera sempre maggiore, dei nuovi strumenti di comunicazione basati sulla percezione sociale della rete.  Nella sua parte centrale, l’articolo propone alcune possibilità d’uso di strumenti web in situazioni “non ideali” - dal punto di vista della disponibilità oggettiva delle nuove tecnologie in classe - e illustra alcuni esempi di utilizzo degli stessi in situazioni, invece, “ideali”.  Tra gli strumenti oggetto di questo lavoro c’è una piattaforma didattica utilizzata per attività di apprendimento assistito dell’Italiano per Stranieri con riferimenti ai suoi strumenti di amministrazione dei contenuti, con approfondimenti sulla presentazione di attività video, audio e scrittura attraverso software di gestione e presentazione dei materiali. Oltre a fornire un quadro, si spera, concreto e sintetico delle prospettive dell’uso di strumenti in continuo divenire, un altro obiettivo dell’articolo è quello di mostrare la possibilità di uno sviluppo ulteriore della già sostanziale funzione autoriale di un docente di lingua, attraverso la creazione di materiali specifici per un corso con strumenti che possano favorirne il riutilizzo e l’aggiornamento.     Online tools and technologies for teaching and learning languages This article analyzes the development of technologies aimed at online communication in the 2.0 web ambient and a few ways they can be used for teaching. The first part describes the current situation of the Internet, with its technological resources and peculiarities with respect to teaching.  It is more and more important to keep in mind the new communication

  8. Líneas de desarrollo y contradicción en la Universidad italiana de los dos últimos siglos

    Antonio SANTONI RUGIU

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: La estructura de la actual universidad italiana nace con la Ley Casati de noviembre de 1859, junto a otros órdenes y grados (elementales, clásicos y técnicos del sistema de instrucción pública. Sería más correcto asignar tal novedad sólo al reino de Cerdeña (Piemonte y Valle de Aosta, Liguria y Cerdeña más la Lombardía, unida pocos meses antes a la conclusión de la segunda guerra de Independencia. Las normas de la ley Casati fueron sucesivamente extendidas a otras partes del territorio nacional que habían sido conquistadas o incorporadas para configurar así el reino de Italia (1861.

  9. La incertidumbre de los resultados en las ligas española, inglesa e italiana (2008/09 mediante el rating ELO

    Sala Garrido, Ramon

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN En numerosas ocasiones se discute si una determinada liga es la mejor de Europa o si es otra, pero muchas veces ese concepto de “mejor” queda indefinido y se basa en elementos subjetivos o apreciaciones. El objetivo de este trabajo es comparar las ligas, española, inglesa e italiana, utilizando el rating ELO para poder determinar cual de las ligas es más homogénea en términos de equilibrio entre los equipos.El interés de una liga depende en gran parte de que exista incertidumbre en el resultado, es decir, lo que viene a denominarse como balance competitivo entre los equipos que la forman, ya que si no es así, la competición pierde interés en la medida en que el resultado es demasiado prfevisible, es decir, que los “buenos” equipos siempre vencen a los restantes, con lo que se perjudica al espectáculo y por tanto, las ganancias que reportan los ingresos, especialmente los televisivos.ABSTRACT It is often discussed whether a particular football league (soccer in America is the best league. However, the term 'best' is often indefinite and based on subjective elements. The aim of this study is to compare the Spanish, English and Italian leagues by using the ELO rating system to determine which league is more homogeneous in terms of balance between the teams. The level of interest in a league largely depends on the uncertainty of outcome or the competitive balance between the teams. If there is a competitive imbalance between the teams then the competition loses interest because the expected results coincide with the real results, namely the 'top' teams always win against the others. This can damage the spectacle, and therefore the earnings produced – especially in the case of television.

  10. Language Policy and Planning: The Case of Italian Sign Language

    Geraci, Carlo

    2012-01-01

    Italian Sign Language (LIS) is the name of the language used by the Italian Deaf community. The acronym LIS derives from Lingua italiana dei segni ("Italian language of signs"), although nowadays Italians refers to LIS as Lingua dei segni italiana, reflecting the more appropriate phrasing "Italian sign language." Historically,…

  11. Lingua del calcio come una lingua settoriale

    Anna Szemberska

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The main motives of this article involve tecnical terms used by journalists in the Italian football press. The paper presents the Italian of football, its multiple aspects and its characteristics as a special language. The aim of this article, in which we also consider the popularity of football press in Italy, is to analyse its semantic, stylistic, syntactic and textual features.

  12. La personalità della marca: validazione italiana della Brand Personality Scale di Jennifer Aaker

    Fida Roberta; Sapere Domenico R.; Barbaranelli Claudio; Natali Elena

    2010-01-01

    This study focuses on the validation in the Italian context of the Brand Personality Scale developed by Jennifer Aaker. Five hundred and three Italians participated to this study. Bulgari's personality was assessed by means a questionnaire containing the Italian translation of the 42 traits of Aaker's Brand Personality Scale. Respondents rated how much each trait described Bulgari's personality. Results from exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses did not supported Aaker's Brand Personal...

  13. CCOs’ Strategic Role in Large Italian Companies / El papel del Dircom en las grandes organizaciones italianas

    Emanuele Invernizzi

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available This study explores the extant state of art of Public Relations and Corporate Communication as profession in Italy. More specifically it aims to evaluate to what extent large organizations in Italy attribute strategic value to the function of communication, with a particular focus on the degree of its institutionalization and the strategic contribution provided by Italian CCOs to organizational competitiveness and success. To this end, an inquiry was conducted via a quantitative survey that addressed and outlined Communication department features and CCOs’ profile in 300 largest organizations operating in Italy. According to our findings, PR function has established itself within organizational structure, and Italian CCOs have become increasingly involved in strategic organizational decision processes. In their role CCOs serve as strategic advisors to CEOs and other Chief Officers. Additionally, within the most innovative organizations, communication seems to play an extremely pivotal role and is exemplified by CCOs’ high level of involvement in decision-making process. Our study allows us to outline a precise description of current trends within large organizations in Italy in terms of communication function and its role. Thereby the study underlines weaknesses and strengths of Italian CCOs’ role as well as it pinpoints areas that need improvement. Furthermore this study enriches the stream of research concerning institutionalization of PR and strategic communication as well as it provides practitioners and scholars with precise insights into the strategic role of communication and its link with innovation.

  14. Ossian e Shakespeare nella letteratura italiana tra fine Settecento e primo Ottocento

    Bianco, Francesca

    2016-01-01

    The study aims to recognise the influence of the translation of Ossian’s songs by Cesarotti (in his three main editions: Padua 1763 and 1772, Pisa 1801), and of the first complete translation of Shakespeare’s theatre, written by Pierre Le Tourneur (Paris 1776-1782), on the great Italian authors of the late XVIIIth and early XIXth century (Monti, Alfieri, Foscolo and Leopardi). The work is structured in a chronological itinerary that intersects different literary genres, periods and persona...

  15. Dirlo o non dirlo? Discrezione in situazioni imbarazzanti nella cultura italiana e in quella olandese

    Mathilde Schuiringa

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available To say or not to say? Discretion in embarrassing situations in Italian and Dutch cultureHow tactful are Italians and the Dutch in embarrassing situations? This comparative study seeks to determine the factors that affect the degree of direction and communicative strategy used by native speakers of Italian and Dutch when involved in a situation that may cause embarrassment. The data were collected by means of a multiple-choice questionnaire and a discourse completion task. The results show that the two groups use the same strategies. However, a qualitative analysis at the lexical level reveals that Italian speech acts also contain discourse markers (lenitives, downtoners, apologies, etc., which may explain why Italians are perceived as more tactful.

  16. Il Concilio Vaticano II nella stampa comunista italiana (1959-1965

    Lorenzo Ettorre

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available The John XXIII’s pontificate and the Second Vatican Ecumenical Council’s convocation were a major turning points, not only for the religious institution but also for the modern society. In order to improve the Christian spirit in history, these changes renewed some ways of action and the positions of Catholicism in the contemporary age. Through a particular analysis of the Italian communist press, where also judgments of Togliatti, Donini, Spriano appear, the Italian communist party’s reactions in respect to the Council have been verified, keeping its aspirations, strategies and international internships in mind. The result is an original study in regard to the relationships between catholics and communists and a general vision of Italian Republic’s history.

  17. Padrões alimentares em mudança: a cozinha italiana no interior paulista

    Flávia Arlanch Martins de Oliveira

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo analisa como, com a chegada do imigrante italiano ao interior de São Paulo quando da grande imigração que se deu a partir de meados da década de 1880, teve início uma troca de hábitos alimentares, tanto em meio a esses imigrantes como na sociedade hospedeira. Para tanto, restringimos nosso estudo à cidade de Jaú, uma vez que esse município, no período em questão, recebeu um representativo fluxo de imigrantes italianos.This article analyses how, with the arrival of the Italian Immigrant in the interior of São Paulo State, by the time of the great immigration that took place from the mid 1880 decade on, it started an exchange of eating habits, of these immigrants as well as of the host society. Therefore, we limited our study within Jaú city, since this municipal district, at that time, had received a representative flow of Italian immigrants.

  18. Eosinophilic esophagitis: an Italian experience Esofagitis eosinofílica: una experiencia italiana

    C. Vindigni

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: eosinophilic esophagitis is an esophageal disorder characterized by esophageal and/or upper gastrointestinal tract symptoms, and by dense esophageal eosinophilia associated with a normal gastric and duodenal mucosa. Prevalently reported in children, eosinophilic esophagitis has recently been reported with increased frequency also in adults. Aims: the purpose of this study was to report our experience with eosinophilic esophagitis in Italy, since there are only very few series of such patients in our country. Patients and methods: we retrospectively reviewed the histological data of consecutive patients with a diagnosis of esophagitis or reflux disease in the period September 2004-September 2008. Eosinophils were counted where they appeared most numerous in the biopsy, with a cutoff > 15 eosinophils in more than one high-power field as diagnostic of eosinophilic esophagitis. Patients were excluded if gastric or duodenal biopsies showed a prominent eosinophilic infiltrate. Results: twenty two patients (14 adults, 8 children, age range 2-59 years were identified according to the above criteria. The average eosinophil count was 86/ high-power field (range 31-150, associated with other pathologic features (eosinophilic microabscesses eosinophil degranulation, basal zone hyperplasia, papillary elongation. The main clinical complaints were dysphagia, food impaction, and heartburn, and endoscopic findings consisted of mucosal thickening and inelasticity, longitudinal shearing, rings, and white specks, without difference between adults and children for both clinical and endoscopic variables. Conclusions: eosinophilic esophagitis is not rare in Italy, and displays clinical, endoscopic, and pathologic features similar to those described in other countries.

  19. Prólogo al dossier monográfico "La presencia italiana en las Américas"

    Adriana Cristina Crolla

    2015-01-01

    italiana tuvo en la configuración de imaginarios y en prácticas socioculturales ligadas a la vida comunitaria y familiar, la gastronomía, la toponimia, la música y otras múltiples y variadas expresiones.

  20. La Llegenda del llibreter assassí de Barcelona. Tradizione e traduzione. Note al margine dell’edizione italiana

    Inés Ravasini

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available La recente pubblicazione in Italia della traduzione de La llegenda del llibreter assassí di Ramon Miquel i Planas offre lo spunto per un confronto con alcune precedenti traduzioni in castigliano e per una breve riflessione di metodo sulla traduzione. Le due versioni spagnole (1991 e 2011 si configurano infatti, a differenza di quella italiana, come libere rielaborazioni dell’originale dal momento che ne alterano la struttura, trasformando il testo e piegandolo a nuove finalità. L’elemento di interesse di questa «manipolazione» risiede nel fatto che essa è in qualche modo autorizzata dalla stessa natura miscellanea dell’opera di Miquel i Planas, al contempo libro erudito e antologia di materiali narrativi diversi, e dalle variegate forme di trasmissione dei materiali leggendari raccolti dallo studioso catalano. Le versioni della Llegenda consentono così d’iscrivere la riflessione sul tradurre nell’ambito della ricezione e dell’influsso esercitato dalla tradizione di un testo sulle sue modalità di traduzione. The recent publication of the Italian translation of La llegenda del llibreter assassí by Ramon Miquel i Planas provides an opportunity to make a comparison with some previous Spanish translations and to reflect briefly on translation methods. The two Spanish versions (1991 and 2011, unlike the Italian one, are free reworkings of the original, in the sense that they alter the structure, transform the text and shape it to new ends. What is interesting about this «manipulation» is that it is in some way legitimised by the heterogeneous nature of Miquel i Planas’s work, which is both an erudite volume and an anthology of different narrative materials, as well as by the varied ways in which the Catalan scholar handles materials relating to legends. The versions of Llegenda thus permit the inclusion of this reflection on translation in the sphere of the reception of a text and of the influence exerted by the tradition

  1. Masonería y enseñanza de la Religión en la escuela italiana durante la época liberal

    Mola, Aldo A.

    1990-01-01

    RESUMEN: La normativa de la enseñanza de la religión en la escuela italiana sobre la base del artículo 9 del nuevo Concordato entre el Estado y la Santa Sede (firmado el 18 de febrero de 1984 por el Presidente del Consejo de Ministros, on. Bettino Craxi, socialista, y por mons. Agostino Casaroli, Secretario de Estado del Vaticano), después de más de 6 años de debates sobre los modos de aplicación y del clamoroso contraste de pareceres surgido entre lo dispuesto por el Ministro de Educación y ...

  2. NON SOLO LINGUA. I CORSI DI ITALIANO L2 PER DONNE MIGRANTI TRA BISOGNI LINGUISTICI E DESIDERIO DI INTEGRAZIONE.

    Viviana Solcia

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Come si organizza un corso di italiano L2 per donne migranti? Perché questi corsi si differenziano dalle altre proposte formative rivolte ad adulti immigrati? Basandosi sulle indicazioni del vademecum Tutte le mamme a scuola, il presente contributo cerca di rispondere a queste domande analizzando i bisogni linguistici delle donne migranti, interrogandosi su quale italiano insegnare, su quale metodo didattico adottare con particolare attenzione all’approccio autobiografico e all’“imparare facendo” e presentando i libri di testo rivolti a questa tipologia di apprendenti. Le tre interviste in appendice, raccolte in tre diversi centri che si occupano di corsi di italiano L2 per donne immigrate, raccontano come tutte queste indicazioni possano essere messe in pratica per cercare di soddisfare quel desiderio di integrazione e promozione sociale di cui le allieve si fanno portatrici,  che rende la classe di lingua non solo il luogo in cui si impara a parlare italiano, ma anche un laboratorio sociale in cui sperimentare modi diversi di approcciarsi e di considerare la diversità.     Not only language. Italian L2 for migrant women between linguistic needs and the desire for integration.   How is an Italian L2 course organized for migrant women? Why are these courses different from other classes designed for adult immigrants? Based on the indications in the handbook Tutte le mamme a scuola, this article tries to answer these questions analyzing the linguistic needs of migrant women, considering what Italian should be taught, what teaching method should be used with special attention placed on the autobiographical approach and “learning by doing”. The three interviews in the appendix, from three different centers which offer Italian L2 courses to immigrant women, tell about how these indications can be put into practice to satisfy the desire for the integration and social inclusion of these students, making the language class more than a

  3. Lingua franca of personality - Taxonomies and structures based on the psycholexical approach

    De Raad, B; Perugini, M; Hrebickova, M; Szarota, P

    Data sets from seven original trait taxonomies from different languages, American English, Dutch, German, Hungarian, Italian, Czech, and Polish, are used for a crosscultural study. The taxonomic procedures, involving culling trait terms from the various lexicons and the construction Of

  4. Topônimos: enunciação e memória da identidade italiana em Cascavel, Paraná

    Wânia Cristiane Beloni

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Os estudos onomásticos, ao se integrarem à lexicologia, evidenciam que, por meio do nome próprio, o homem expressa ideias, sentimentos e transmite valores e práticas discursivas. Observando a comunidade de Cascavel, Paraná, percebemos que o contexto da cultura italiana no município pode ser visualizado não apenas em movimentos étnicos e pelos cursos de língua, mas também por meio de nomes de lugares públicos, residenciais e comerciais. Para analisar os nomes próprios de alguns logradouros cascavelenses em relação a essa etnia, foi realizado um levantamento classificatório das designações nominais de espaços públicos, por meio do site da Prefeitura de Cascavel, com complementações de outros sites. Desenvolveu-se a pesquisa, identificando os nomes de origem étnica italiana e observando a taxonomia dos topônimos, para refletir sobre as nomeações que se relacionam de alguma forma com os italodescendentes.

  5. Dalla grammatica alla pratica della lingua. Approcci linguistici medievali e umanistici

    Minne Gerben de Boer

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Recensione diLa pratica e la grammatica. Problemi, modelli e percorsi di formazione linguistica tra Duecento e Cinquecento, a cura di Franco Pierno e Giuseppe Polimeni, Paris, Classiques Garnier, 2014 (numero speciale di Cahiers de recherches médiévales et humanistes-Journal of Medieval and Humanistic Studies, 2/28, pp. 13-234, ISBN: 9782812445675.

  6. Lecturing in one’s first language or in English as a lingua franca

    Preisler, Bent

    2014-01-01

    The demand for internationalization puts pressure on Danish universities to use English as the language of instruction instead of or in addition to the local language(s). The purpose of this study – though proceeding from the belief that true internationalization seeks to exploit all linguistic...... and multilingual classroom. This case study concerns Danish university teachers' spoken discourse and interaction with students in a Danish-language versus English-language classroom. The data are video recordings of classroom interaction at the University of Roskilde, Denmark. The focus is on the relationship...... between linguistic-pragmatic performance and academic authenticity for university teachers teaching courses in both English and Danish, based on recent sociolinguistic concepts such as “persona,” “stylization,” and “authenticity.” The analysis suggests that it is crucial for teachers' ability...

  7. Lingua, memoria e identità nei racconti dei migranti ispanoamericani

    Maria Vittoria Calvi

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available In a wide-ranging theoretical framework, principally based upon discourse analysis and the studies on language and identity, this article explores the construction of identity in a corpus of oral narratives collected among the Spanish speaking communities in Milan, by means of sociolinguistic and biographic interviews, seen as a complex event in which both parties act as active participant-observers. The study focuses on the features of these life stories, taking into account the ways in which the immigrants compare the two worlds an collocates themselves between the two cultures, the function of code-switching, the linguistic expression of ‘agency’ (Giddens 1979 and the use of deictics.

  8. Variazioni e negoziazioni di significato attraverso l’inglese ‘lingua franca’ in contesti migratori

    Maria Grazia Guido

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract – ELF used in immigration domains typically reflects the different cognitive and communicative processes as well as the power/status asymmetries involved in cross-cultural situations of unequal encounters between non-western supplicants (i.e., African immigrants and asylum seekers and western (Italian experts in authority. Such situations will be here explored with reference to institutional contexts where the conditions for achieving successful communication through the use of ELF variations are biased against the participants’ different native linguacultural backgrounds from which they appropriate English without conforming to native speaker norms of usage. A number of case studies will illustrate the extent to which features of ELF usages may be perceived as formally deviating and socio-pragmatically inappropriate in intercultural communication – this being due to the participants’ lack of acknowledgement of each other’s ELF variations – thus giving rise to misunderstandings that often raise social and ethical issues about inequality and social justice. More specifically, the case studies will enquire, on the one hand, into the processes by which ELF users transfer typological, textual, lexical and logical features of their native languages and cultures to the domain-specific communication they are involved in, thus affecting their pragmalinguistic behaviours and interpretative strategies, leading ultimately to communication failure. On the other hand, some case studies will enquire into possible ‘hybridization strategies’ of written reformulation aimed at making ELF discourse conceptually accessible and socio-pragmatically acceptable to immigrants and refugees involved in the interaction, by making it conform to their different native linguacultural backgrounds, with the ultimate purpose of achieving a ‘mutual accommodation’ of ELF variations in order to promote the social inclusion of marginalized immigrants as

  9. Lo spazio della ricerca nell'area kushi (Nigeria: lingua, comunità e documentazione

    Gian Claudio Batic

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available There are two questions that fieldwork researchers committed to the documentation and description of a minority language ask themselves before venturing into the depth of their projects: 'Whom am I dealing with?', immediately followed by 'Where am I?'. As trivial as they might appear, these two questions require a minimum of research to produce an answer able to define - without necessarily framing it - the target community and the role a researcher can play in it. This paper focuses on the case study of the Kushi, a Chadic speaking group of north-eastern Nigeria. 'People' and 'space' are analysed from a sociology-of-language perspective as well as in terms of a more general dynamics of migrations and composite societal formations.

  10. An unwelcome guest: the Non-NNS at the lingua franca table

    Hazel, Spencer

    Firth & Wagner (1997) called for a reconceptualization of the research agenda within Second Language Acquisition (SLA), advocating “enhanced awareness of contextual and interactional dimensions of language use”, a more participant- relevant perspective, and a broadening of the database. ELF studies......-relevant, explication of ELF practices to be produced. Using recordings of naturally occurring interactions in multilingual, multicultural domestic settings, I will demonstrate how language users, including ENL speakers, orient to what have been described as ELF practices, with neither NS nor NNS orienting to ENL norms...... have done a great deal since to problematize the idealized native speaker (NS) as a target model for non-native speaker (NNS) language users. However, by excluding the NS from what are described as ELF interactions – where ELF is “a mediating language that is not a mother tongue [L1] for any...

  11. Analise funcional das traduccións en linguas en proceso de normalización: o caso da traducción do comic en galego

    Sinner, Carsten

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available In the case of the Galician language, the translation of comics is quite important, because it contributes to the normalization of use of the Galician language and allows young readers to become familiar with the norm. The article focusses on an analysis of the Galician translation with the French original and a Spanish version of the text.

    [gl] A traducción de comics, no caso do galego xoga un papel moi importante xa que o seu obxectivo é sobre todo normalizar o uso da lingua galega ñas xeracións novas e familiariza-la xuventude coa norma. A contribución pretende unha análise ben polo miúdo dunha traducción galega de Asterix comparándoa co orixinal francés e coa traducción española.

  12. «PALPITANTE, RIDENTE, NOSTALGICA, APPASSIONATA»: LA LINGUA DEI DIARI DI ANTONIA POZZI

    Giuseppe Sergio

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available L’articolo prende in considerazione i diari della poetessa e fotografa Antonia Pozzi, nata nel 1912 e morta suicida nel 1938. Essi si presentano come particolarmente eterogenei, certo per la tipica “cavità” della forma diaristica, ma anche in ragione delle tre distinte tranches in cui vengono stesi: il Quaderno dal ’25 al ’27; le Note di viaggio nel 1933; il Diario intimo vero e proprio fra il ’35 e l’anno della morte. L’analisi si concentra sulle diverse fisionomie linguistiche dei diari e sulla funzione che Antonia Pozzi affida loro, funzione che è sia esistenziale che poetica. Nel Diario intimo, in particolare, la scrittura infatti si configura da un lato come pharmacon, pur elevandosi volentieri dalle contingenze a questioni filosofiche e letterarie, dall’altro come luogo in cui fissare immagini, riflessioni e impressioni in vista di una futura rielaborazione poetica, come dimostrano precise rispondenze fra gli uni e l’altra.  “Throbbing, laughing, nostalgic, passionate”language in the diaries of Antonia Pozzi The article studies the diaries of the poet and photographer Antonia Pozzi, born in 1912 and who committed suicide in 1938. They seem very heterogeneous due to their typical “cavity” form, but also because of their division into three separate sections: there are her notebooks from ’25 to ’27, travel notes from 1933, the intimate diary written between the '35 and the year of her death. The analysis focuses on the different language of the diaries and the functions that Antonia Pozzi gives them, functions that are both existential and poetic. In the intimate diary, in particular, the writing is on the one hand configured as a pharmacon, rising above contingencies to address philosophical and literary issues, but it is also a place to fix images, reflections and impressions in view of a future poetic revision, as shown by the precise correspondences present between them. 

  13. IL FENOMENO DELL’ALTERNANZA L1/L2 NELL’INSEGNAMENTO DELL’ITALIANO COME LINGUA STRANIERA. ANALISI DI UN CORPUS DI INTERAZIONI DIDATTICHE

    Paola Arrigoni

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available La modalità plurilingue della comunicazione in classi di lingua straniera può rientrare tra le strategie pedagogiche a disposizione dell’insegnante per il raggiungimento di precisi scopi didattici e formativi. Partendo da una breve analisi sul significato di parlante plurilingue e plurilinguismo stesso, in questo articolo si è voluto esaminare come si attua una educazione al plurilinguismo in contesti formativi e, in particolare, se e come l’utilizzo della L1 può costituire uno strumento di supporto all’insegnamento e all’apprendimento di una lingua straniera. A questo scopo sono stati analizzati i dati raccolti presso l’Università di Coventry durante corsi di italiano L2 per studenti anglofoni. I fenomeni di contatto linguistico L1/L2 più frequenti e significativi sono stati suddivisi in base al parlante e alle loro funzioni.   The phenomena of l1/l2 alternation in the teaching of italian as a foreign language. analysis of a corpus of didactic interactions Multilingual communication in foreign language classrooms can be considered as one of the teacher’s pedagogical  strategies to achieve specific educational aims. Through a brief analysis of the meaning of multilingual speakers and multilingualism, this article examines how an education to multilingualism in teaching contexts is carried out and, in particular, if and how the use of the L1 can be a helpful tool for the foreign language teaching and learning. For this purpose the data collected at Coventry University during Italian (L2 classrooms for English students were examined. The more common and meaningful phenomena of linguistic contact between L1 and L2 were grouped according to the speaker and to their functions.

  14. ‹‹IN AIUTO ALL’UNITÀ DELLA LINGUA E CONTRO GLI ERRORI PROVENIENTI DAL DIALETTO››. IL SILLABARIO E IL VOCABOLARIETTO DI ANTONINO TRAINA

    Michela Dota

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Il titolo del presente contributo condensa da una parte le coordinate operative della legislazione scolastica elementare post-unitaria, in particolare riguardo all’ortoepia, e d’altra parte la ricezione di quelle coordinate nella pubblicistica scolastica elementare coeva. Il saggio considera entrambi i cardini della questione: dopo aver esposto brevemente le linee guida della legislazione circa il rapporto tra lingua e dialetti e sulla corretta pronuncia, si analizzano due strumenti didattici, concepiti per la duplice utenza dei maestri e degli alunni, nei quali si concretano due atteggiamenti sensibilmente diversi sulla questione ortoepica. Infine, dall’analisi di questi due sussidi si dedurrà il rapporto, raccomandato più o meno esplicitamente, che doveva intercorrere tra dialetto e lingua nelle aule scolastiche. «In help to the unit of language and against the mistakes coming from dialects». Spelling book and little vocabulary by Antonino TrainaThe title of this contribution epitomizes the praxis of the post-unification legislation concerning primary school, particularly about orthoepy, and the reception of that legislation by the authors of textbooksfor primary school. After having exposed the guidelines of the legislation about the relation between Italian and dialects and about correct pronunciation, this article analyzes two teaching tools (a spelling book and a vocabulary, that can be used by both teachers and students. It’s notable that the spelling book and the vocabulary have a different perspective on orthoepy. Finally, from their analysis it is deduced the model proposed for the relation between Italian and dialects in classrooms.

  15. Transformações de dados em experimentos com abobrinha italiana em ambiente protegido Data transformations in experiments with zucchini in protected environment

    Mara Rubia Machado Couto

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Em olericultura, o interesse é a produção de frutos comercializáveis. Nesses experimentos, comumente são avaliadas variáveis, tais como a fitomassa e o número de frutos. No entanto, essas variáveis apresentam uma característica particular que está relacionada com sua ausência ou presença no momento da colheita. Esse atributo é representado por valores zeros, para essas variáveis, gerando certa variabilidade e afetando a análise de variância dos dados. Este trabalho teve por objetivo definir uma transformação adequada para as variáveis observadas em experimentos com a cultura da abobrinha italiana, realizados em ambiente protegido, visando a estabilizar a variabilidade gerada pela presença de valores zeros nas múltiplas colheitas dos frutos. Foram analisados experimentos com a cultura da abobrinha italiana utilizando a família de transformações de Box-Cox, com uma adaptação apresentada em YAMAMURA (1999. Concluiu-se que, para experimentos com abobrinha italiana, avaliando a fitomassa e o número de frutos, a transformação indicada é a raiz quarta. Mesmo com redução na variabilidade e a normalidade dos resíduos, observadas em todos os experimentos, o uso do método não foi eficiente para tornar as variâncias homocedásticas.The interest in horticulture is the production of marketable fruit. In such experiments , phytomass and the number of fruits are commonly measured variables. However, these variables have a particular characteristic related to their absence or presence at harvest time. This attribute is represented by zero values for these variables, generating some variability and affecting the variance analysis. This work aimed to define an appropriate data transformation for the variables observed in experiments with the zucchini culture, realized in protected environment, designed to stabilize the variability values generated by the presence of zeros in harvest multiple fruit. The analysis was based on

  16. La Virgen con el Niño y las Almas del Purgatorio de Pedro Machuca y su vinculación italiana

    Ávila, Ana

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The author examines the incorporation of this painting into the collections of the Prado Museum in 1935, which generated the scrutiny of the state of knowledge concerning the painter at the time and the consolidation of his artistic reputation. The painting probably came from Naples, thereby explaining the idiosyncratic Italian iconography, common in the Viceroyalty.Se estudia el ingreso del cuadro en el Museo del Prado en 1935 –lo cual motiva el estado de la cuestión del artista en esos momentos y la consolidación de su imagen como pintor– y su probable procedencia napolitana, resaltando la idiosincrasia italiana de su iconografía, común en el Virreinato.

  17. Mujeres tras la cámara: panorama de las cineastas italianas de las últimas décadas, con una entrevista a la directora siciliana Costanza Quatriglio

    González de Sande, Estela

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The recent history of Italian cinema includes several women directors who have contributed to the diversity and variety indispensable in any artistic discipline. However, these directors have received relatively little public recognition and the distribution of their films has been limited. The fact that production by women remains relatively unknown implies that there is only partial knowledge of contemporary Italian cinema. Therefore, this article attempts to highlight this lesser known part of this industry through the analysis of the main Italian women filmmakers of the last two decades, their common universe and individual peculiarities. An interview with director Costanza Quatriglio is also included as an epilogue. She sets out the keys to her work and offers a previously unpublished reflection on the current state of Italian film and the role of women directors in it.

    La historia reciente de la cinematografía italiana cuenta con numerosas mujeres que, a pesar del escaso reconocimiento y la poca difusión de sus trabajos, han contribuido a la conformación de la diversidad y la heterogeneidad imprescindibles en cualquier disciplina artística. El desconocimiento de sus producciones da lugar a un conocimiento parcial del cine italiano contemporáneo. Así pues, este estudio pretende mostrar esa parte menos prodigada del cine a través del análisis de las principales cineastas italianas de las últimas décadas, su universo común y sus particularidades individuales. A modo de epílogo, se presenta una entrevista a la directora Costanza Quatriglio que, además de revelar las claves de su obra, nos ofrece una reflexión inédita sobre el estado actual del cine italiano y el papel de la mujer en éste.

  18. LinguaKit: uma ferramenta multilingue para a análise linguística e a extração de informação

    Pablo Gamallo

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo apresenta LinguaKit, uma suite multilingue de ferramentas de análise, extração, anotação e correção linguísticas. LinguaKit permite realizar tarefas tão diversas como a lematização, a etiquetagem morfossintática ou a análise sintática (entre outras, incluindo também aplicações para a análise de sentimentos (ou minaria de opiniões, a extração de termos multipalavra, ou a anotação concetual e ligação a recursos enciclopédicos tais como a DBpedia. A maior parte dos módulos funcionam para quatro variedades linguísticas: português, espanhol, inglês e galego. A linguagem de programação de LinguaKit é Perl, e o código está disponível sob a licença livre GPLv3.

  19. Dimensioni cognitivo-semantiche, sintattiche e pragmatiche dei verbi in un corpus di inglese ‘lingua franca’ in contesti multiculturali di immigrazione

    Laura Centonze

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract – English has been increasingly adopted as the Lingua Franca (ELF by people with different L1s (cf. Crystal 2003; McArthur 2003; Seidlhofer 2004 and diverse lingua-cultural backgrounds (Cogo et al. 2011. Previous research into its syntax (Mauranen and Ranta 2009 has undoubtedly shed light on some recurrent features of intercultural communication in immigration and asylum contexts (e.g. negation, question formulation, if-clauses, but little attention has been paid to the correlation between personal pronouns, semantic verb types and tense within the communicative process and, more specifically, the report of any traumatic event (Tuval-Mashiach et al. 2004 to which immigrants have been exposed over time and which constitutes what is generally referred to as Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD; Friedman et al. 2007; Liotti and Farina 2011. This paper is based on the analysis of a corpus of transcripts published on the internet by the Minnesota Historical Society. The site, Becoming Minnesotan, collects excerpts from oral interviews conducted between 1967 and 2011 with recent immigrants to Minnesota usually fleeing civil war and strife, and their American-born children. By adopting the quantitative research methodology typical of corpus linguistics (Biber et al. 1999; Meyer 2002; Sinclair 1991, we searched for and extracted all the instances of semantic verbs types as well as personal pronouns and mapped their frequencies by means of Wordsmith Tools 6 (Scott 2012. Drawing on Halliday’s (1994 and Scheibman’s (2002 semantic verb type taxonomy, we can observe the frequency of certain semantic verb categories and tenses, and make some general considerations which seem to back up the ‘trance-like level of public re-enactment’ (Guido 2008, p. 105 that the interviewees experience during interviews: their physical and interior ‘displacement’ thus appears to be iconically represented by means of a tense usage being

  20. CORSO DI ITALIANO PER STUDENTI ANGLOFONI NEGLI USA: L’IMPORTANZA DEL LIBRO DI TESTO

    Ilaria Sacchini

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available L’insegnamento dell’italiano all’estero si colloca all’interno di un contesto specifico che deve essere tenuto in considerazione al momento della pianificazione di un corso di italiano LS. Dopo una analisi delle specifiche caratteristiche dell’ambiente universitario americano e delle difficoltà che lo studente incontra nell’apprendimento della lingua italiana in relazione alla sua lingua madre, l’attenzione si focalizza poi sul libro di testo, strumento fondamentale per lo studio e l’insegnamento/apprendimento della lingua straniera. Avanti!, manuale di lingua italiana utilizzato nei corsi di lingua italiana presso un’università americana, viene analizzato dal punto di vista glottodidattico attraverso una descrizione e una valutazione dettagliata della sua struttura, degli obiettivi linguistico- comunicativi e dei materiali didattici presenti, con particolare attenzione alla tipologia degli esercizi, nonché alla varietà di italiano presentata. Infine, vengono elencate alcune attività extra a completamento del corso di italiano da proporre agli studenti per un loro più ampio coinvolgimento nella lingua e nella cultura italiana.     Italian lessons for american english-speaking students: the importance of the textbook   Teaching Italian abroad takes place in a specific context which needs to be considered in planning Italian as a Foreign Language courses.  After analyzing the specific characteristics of the American university environment and the difficulty students have in learning the Italian language in comparison to their mother tongue, attention is focused on the textbook used, a fundamental tool for the study and learning/teaching of a foreign language. Avanti! is the textbook utilized in Italian language courses in American universities.  It is analyzed from a glottodidactic point of view through the detailed description and evaluation of its structure, the linguistic-communicative objectives and the didactic

  1. The Principle of the Eternal-Feminine in Rossini’s L’Italiana in Algeri: Isabella as the Italian Super-Woman

    Zamir, Sara

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The term Eternal-Feminine, or Das Ewig-Weibliche, first appeared in the last verses of the second part of Goethe’s Faust (completed 1832. It, subsequently, became the subject of speculation and a riddle which scholars have been trying to solve ever since. The term gradually came to represent a cultural principle regarding the image of femininity and it reached its Romantic apex, in the 19th Century, when various female archetypes were fused into a singe heroine. The present article aims to explore Isabella’s character in Rossini’s L’Italiana in Algeri in the light of the principle of the Eternal-Feminine. Although Goethe was still in the process of writing the second part of Faust when L’Italiana premiered (1813 in Italy, the cultural principle of the Eternal- Feminine can be used retrospectively in the analysis of Isabella as the central female protagonist of the opera. A thorough reading of her character suggests an aesthetic approach that makes use of certain Romantic aspects of the Eternal-Feminine principle. The present article focuses specifi cally on the Cruda sorte! Amor tiranno! scene and briefl y refers to other scenes as well.La expresión Eterno Femenino (Eternal-Feminine, o Das Ewig-Weibliche, apareció por primera vez en los últimos versos de la segunda parte del Fausto de Goethe (acabado en 1832. Posteriormente, se convirtió en tema de especulación, y en un enigma que los estudiosos han estado intentando resolver desde entonces. La expresión vino a identificar, con el paso del tiempo, un principio cultural relacionado con la imagen de la feminidad y alcanzó su extremo romántico, en el siglo XIX, cuando diversos arquetipos femeninos se fundieron en una sola heroína. El presente artículo pretende explorar el personaje de Isabella en La italianaen Argel de Rossini, a la luz del principio del Eterno Femenino. Aunque Goethe se encontraba todavía escribiendo la segunda parte de su Fausto cuando se estrenó La italiana

  2. Il sapore dell’ italia: i nomi delle marche alimentari pseudoitaliane in Germania

    Marie A. Rieger

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available La cucina italiana è famosa e apprezzata in tutto il mondo. Per molti, la sua varietà e leggerezza sono l’espressione tangibile della proverbiale gioia di vivere degli italiani, per altri evoca il sole, il mare e le vacanze. Sicuramente tutti concordano sul fatto che la cucina italiana sia sinonimo di bontà e qualità. In Germania, in particolare, la gastronomia italiana può vantare quasi sessant’anni di storia e un fatturato annuale che supera i tre miliardi di Euro. Il successo del mangiare all’italiana si rispecchia anche sugli scaffali dei supermercati che sono pieni di prodotti alimentari tipici della cucina italiana. Ma accanto alle marche BARILLA, BUITONI e LAVAZZA si possono trovare anche gli spaghetti COMBINO, la pizza RIGGANO e il caffè BELLAROM. A differenza dei primi tre nomi, tutte marche tradizionali italiane, gli ultimi tre sono marche commerciali tedesche che hanno l’evidente obiettivo di suggerire l’origine italiana dei rispettivi prodotti. Poiché l’origine italiana è garante di bontà e qualità, anche aziende tedesche cercano di sfruttare il cosiddetto country-of-origin effect. L’analisi linguistica di un corpus di 41 nomi di marche tedesche italianizzanti dimostra che le naming strategies possono essere ricondotte a pochi modelli formativi, il che sembrerebbe violare l’imperativo dell’innovazione e della diversità imposto dalle strategie del marketing. Eppure, i nomi sono perfettamente funzionali: dal momento che corrispondono all’idea che i tedeschi hanno della lingua italiana, come dimostrano degli studi empirici condotti da me, tali nomi sono percepiti come italiani e ai rispettivi prodotti viene attribuita un’origine italiana che funge, a sua volta, da marchio di qualità.

  3. Las Misiones de Asistencia Técnica y la emigración rural italiana en Latinoamérica (1950-1952.

    Giuseppe Federico Benedini

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available En los años de 1950 a 1952 se realizaron siete Misiones de Asistencia Técnica en Latinoamérica, expediciones oficiales del gobierno italiano realizadas en el intuito de evaluar el potencial agrícola de las áreas donde sería posible instalar colonias rurales de emigrantes. Las Misiones fueron financiadas por el European Recovery Programme, que destinó un millón y trescientos mil dólares para la asistencia a la emigración agrícola desde la Península que, por su vez, el gobierno italiano repartió entre el “Istituto di Credito per il Lavoro Italiano all’Estero” (ICLE y el “Istituto Agronómico per l’Africa Italiana” (IAAI. El primero administró la mayor parte de los recursos, pero la dirección de las Misiones tocó al instituto agronómico de Florencia, que con los mismos objetivos ya había organizado, en 1949, sus propias expediciones en Venezuela y Brasil. Gracias a los documentos producidos por las Misiones de Asistencia Técnica, conservados en el centro de documentación inédita del “Istituto Agronomico per l’Oltremare” (como fue re-denominado el IAAI en 1959 es posible conocer no solamente los resultados científicos alcanzados por estas expediciones, como sino también trazar un mapa de la colonización italiana en América Latina, identificando los asentamientos que tuvieron éxito y los que desaparecieron sin dejar vestigios aparentes. El propósito de este artículo consiste en extraer de las fuentes oficiales – complementadas con otros documentos, consultables por Internet – las informaciones básicas que puedan orientar futuras y más profundas investigaciones sobre la “emigración dirigida” del Segundo Posguerra, que tuvo los campos latinoamericanos como destino preferencial. Palabras llave: Historia de la Emigración Italiana, Historia de la Agricultura, Colonización agrícola en Latinoamérica.

  4. Mujeres en guerra: la imagen de la mujer italiana en los noticiarios Luce durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial (1940-1945

    Carlota Coronado Ruiz

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Desde que Italia entró en la Segunda Guerra Mundial, el noticiario cinematográfico Luce (el principal instrumento de propaganda del fascismo tuvo como prioridad mostrar la guerra: se presentaba una Italia victoriosa y un Mussolini aclamado por las masas. En este contexto, la imagen que se ofrecía de la retaguardia y de las mujeres involucradas en la guerra resultaba muy importante para la construcción de una imagen audiovisual positiva de aquélla. Así, en este estudio se analizan los noticiarios cinematográficos en los que aparece la mujer italiana y cómo fue su participación en la guerra: desde las mujeres fascistas militarizadas, a las trabajadoras que reemplazaban a los hombres en las industrias bélicas; desde las labores sociales que llevaron a cabo, a la vida cotidiana que padecieron, marcada por el racionamiento y los hogares destruidos.

  5. Qualidade da madeira serrada na região da Quarta Colônia de Imigração Italiana do Rio Grande do Sul.

    Darci Alberto Gatto

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo foi conduzido com o objetivo de avaliar a qualidade da madeira serrada produzida na Região da Quarta Colônia de Imigração Italiana no Rio Grande do Sul. Três empresas que processam madeiras de pinus foram analisadas com respeito à operação de desdobro e método de secagem empregados, e o teor de umidade da madeira industrializada. Constatou-se que a secagem ao ar livre é o principal método empregado na região, e os defeitos resultantes influenciam negativamente na qualidade da madeira serrada, o que sugere a necessidade de ajustes no método. No entanto, o teor de umidade médio da madeira está dentro dos padrões recomendados para a secagem ao ar livre. Em torno de 75% da madeira serrada na Região, quando úmida, foi classificada como de primeira qualidade. Depois de seca, contudo, apenas 45% das peças foram classificadas como de primeira qualidade e 45% de terceira, sendo os 10% restante incluídos nas categorias super, extra e segunda qualidade.

  6. QUALIDADE DA MADEIRA SERRADA NA REGIÃO DA QUARTA COLÔNIA DE IMIGRAÇÃO ITALIANA DO RIO GRANDE DO SUL

    Miguel Antão Durlo

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo foi conduzido com o objetivo de avaliar a qualidade da madeira serrada produzida na Região da Quarta Colônia de Imigração Italiana no Rio Grande do Sul. Três empresas que processam madeiras de pinus foram analisadas com respeito à operação de desdobro e método de secagem empregados, e o teor de umidade da madeira industrializada. Constatou-se que a secagem ao ar livre é o principal método empregado na região, e os defeitos resultantes influenciam negativamente na qualidade da madeira serrada, o que sugere a necessidade de ajustes no método. No entanto, o teor de umidade médio da madeira está dentro dos padrões recomendados para a secagem ao ar livre. Em torno de 75% da madeira serrada na Região, quando úmida, foi classificada como de primeira qualidade. Depois de seca, contudo, apenas 45% das peças foram classificadas como de primeira qualidade e 45% de terceira, sendo os 10% restante incluídos nas categorias super, extra e segunda qualidade.

  7. Pratiche di Social Networking: una prima sperimentazione nei corsi di italiano L2 per studenti Erasmus

    Emanuela Cotroneo

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Tre Social Network realizzati con ilPratiche di social networking:  web service Ning in affiancamento alla didattica presenziale di alcuni corsi di lingua italiana per studenti Erasmus

  8. O jornal Stella d’Italia e a defesa da escola étnica italiana (1902-1904 - Stella d’Italia newspaper and the defense of ethnic italian school (1902-1904

    Gelson Leonardo Rech

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available O artigo analisa dois elementos recorrentes nas edições dos três primeiros anos do jornal porto-alegrense Stella d’Italia (1902-1904, editado em italiano, a saber: o descontentamento com relação ao estado em que se encontrava a instrução entre os italianos e ítalos-brasileiros em Porto Alegre e a polêmica com o cônsul italiano Enrico Ciapelli, que resultou na suspensão do envio de material às escolas italianas, mantidas pelas sociedades italianas apoiadoras do jornal. A polêmica, não relatada nos relatórios oficiais do cônsul, teve como elemento detonador a acusação, sustentada pelo editor do jornal, de que o cônsul pouco se interessava pela escola italiana e pelos compatriotas. Considerando-se a escassa literatura sobre as escolas étnicas italianas de Porto Alegre, o jornal Stella d’Italia tem particular importância pelo destaque frequente à temática da educação e pela marcante opinião e zelo do editor, Adelchi Colnaghi, pela escola étnica italiana. Os apelos e considerações de Colnaghi na defesa da escola italiana, seu diagnóstico sobre as dificuldades da mesma, bem como o estado da educação entre os italianos em Porto Alegre foi reiterado, muitas vezes, nas páginas do jornal. Colnaghi estava convencido da importância da escola italiana, mas na perspectiva do jornal pouco se fez pela mesma e, às vezes, se fez contra.Palavras-chave: Stella d’Italia, Adelchi Colnaghi, Enrico Ciapelli, escolas étnicas italianas. STELLA D’ITALIA NEWSPAPER AND THE DEFENSE  OF ETHNIC ITALIAN SCHOOL (1902-1904AbstractThis article analyses two recurrent elements on the three first-year issues (1902-1904 of Stella d’Italia, a Porto Alegre’s newspaper edited in italian, specifically the dissatisfaction with the condition of the Italian education in Porto Alegre, and the fuss involving the Italian consul Enrico Ciapelli, which resulted in the interruption of school materials being delivered to italian schools kept by the

  9. Quando "falha a fala" e "fala a bala": lingua(gem e violência em Cidade de Deus, de Paulo Lins

    Rita Gabrielli Pereira

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available Cidade de Deus traz em si a história da construção do conjunto habitacional, cujo nome intitula o romance, e de sua transformação em uma das favelas mais violentas do Rio de Janeiro, por meio do entrecruzamento das histórias de Cabeleira, Bené, Zé Pequeno e Busca-Pé. Concebendo o romance, nos atos da escrita e da leitura, como uma enunciação (BENVENISTE, 1989a; 1989b; 1995a; 1995b entre autor e leitor, constituída por outras enunciações — entre narrador e narratário e entre personagens — a partir do "ato ficcional" (ISER, 2002 do autor, vamos nos guiar por essa tessitura de/entre histórias para rastrear o modo como Lins relaciona linguagem e violência. Palavras-chave: Lingua(gem, Subjetividade, Violência ______________________________ Cidade de Deus tells the history of the construction of the housing complex that entitles the novel and its transformation process into one of the most violent slums of Rio de Janeiro. By treating the novel as an enunciation (BENVENISTE, 1989a; 1989b; 1995a; 1995b between author and reader, which is made of other enunciations − between narrator and narratee and between characters −, based on the author´s “fictional act”(ISER, 2002, we intend to analyze the way how Lins relates language and violence. Keywords: Language, Subjectivity, Violence.

  10. Scripting Fonetico nuove risorse per leggere il greco antico mediante la sintesi vocale

    Silvia Gianferrari

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Lo scripting fonetico da lingua italiana produce finalmente una sintesi vocale del greco antico senz’altro soddisfacente per gli usi didattici della Scuola secondaria, per l’accesso alle banche dati che raccolgono l’intero patrimonio letterario della lingua antica e per l’editoria digitale costruita secondo i parametri dell’accessibilità.

  11. Notas a propósito de la historiografía neomarxista italiana sobre el mundo clásico

    Antonio DUPLÁ ANSUÁTEGUI

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: En el artículo se estudia la denominada historiografía italiana neomarxista, que comienza sus trabajos como un grupo de investigación (Seminario di Antichistica del Instituto Gramsci a mediados de los años 70 del siglo xx. A través de una serie de obras, desde Anàlisi marxista e società antiche de 1978 a La storia spezzata de A. Schiavone, de 1996, esta corriente ha ofrecido una nueva visión de la historia de Roma. El interés por los problemas teóricos y metodológicos, una nueva interpretación del modo de producción esclavista en Italia o una revisión crítica de la tradición clásica son algunas características propias de esta línea historiogràfica. El artículo concluye con unas reflexiones sobre la relación entre clasicismo y postmodernidad. Palabras clave. Historiografía, clasicismo, marxismo, esclavismo, postmodernidad.ABSTRACT: This paper deals with the so-called Italian neomarxist school, which began its activity as a research team (Seminario di Antichistica of the Istituto Gramsci in the mid-seventies of the xxth century. Through some important works (from Anàlisi marxista e società antiche of 1978 to A. Schiavone's La storia spezzata, first published in 1996 they have outlined a new view of the history of Rome. The interest in theoretical and methodological problems, a new interpretation of the slave mode of production in Roman Italy and a critical approach to the classical tradition are also specific features of this school. The paper finishes with some remarks on the relationship between classicism and postmodernity.

  12. The Concept of "Rural" as a Micro- Collectivity. The Concept of "Rural" in the Italian Sociological Perspective (El Concepto de “Rural” como Micro- Colectividad. El Concepto de “Rural” en la Perspectiva Sociológica Italiana

    Roberto Veraldi

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available The intention of this work is to analyze, in the years of the sociological study (from the period after the Italian unity to the present, the concept of rurality through the contexts of reference on the subjects that have marked a period of "project" and emancipation, and, above all, a marginal growth rate that made the fortunes of Western society at the expense of the other parts of the same society. To achieve this, the themes of the Relation city/field and the concept of community as a field of rational action in the interior of the social Arena (Bourdieu in which the social individualism is unfolds; Concluding with the historical antecedents – despite the brevity of the Italian scholars, together with the most representative associated institutes from the earliest interests in this field to the most recent studies.   Resumen: La intención de esta obra es la de analizar, en los años del estudio sociológico (desde el período posterior a la Unidad italiana hasta la actualidad, el concepto de ruralidad a través de los contextos de referencia sobre los temas que han marcado un período de "proyecto" y emancipación, y, sobre todo,  un índice de crecimiento  de marginalidad que hicieron la fortuna de la sociedad occidental a costa de las demás partes de la misma sociedad. Para lograr esto, se tocan los temas de la relación ciudad/campo y el concepto de comunidad como ámbito de acción racional en el interior de la arena social (Bourdieu en el que se desenvuelve el individualismo social; concluyendo con los antecedentes históricos – pese a la brevedad descriptiva – de los estudiosos italianos, junto a los institutos asociados más representativos desde los primeros intereses en esta materia hasta los estudios más recientes. Palabra clave: Campo/Ciudad, ámbito urbano-rural, estudios de comunidades, individualismo social.

  13. Selected Lectures of the XXIII National Congress of the Italian Society of Neonatology (Società Italiana di Neonatologia, SIN; Milan (Italy; September 25-28, 2017

    --- Various Authors

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Selected Lectures of the XXIII National Congress of the Italian Society of Neonatology (Società Italiana di Neonatologia, SIN; Milan (Italy; September 25-28, 2017Guest Editor: Mauro StronatiLECT 1. COMPLEMENTARY FEEDING IN PRETERM IN­FANTS: MYTHS AND FACTS • A. AcetiLECT 2. NEONATAL HYDRONEPHROSIS • R. AgostinianiLECT 3. WHEN A NEWBORN DIES IN NICU • M. Susi, S. Dosso, A. Anselmi, A. Bertolini, P. BibanLECT 4. RED REFLEX TESTING IMPLEMENTATION IN THE NURSERY: COMPARING EXPERIENCES • G. Araimo, S.G. Osnaghi, M. Colombo, G. Regiroli, L. Colombo, F. MoscaLECT 5. PAIN MANAGEMENT IN PREMATURE IN­FANTS. PAIN SEMIOLOGY AND ASSESS­MENT. ANALGESIA FOR SKIN BREAKING PROCEDURES • I. ArengaLECT 6. VISUAL EVOKED POTENTIALS: WHY AND WHEN PERFORM THEM • A. Baldascino, G. Amorelli, D. Lepore, F. Molle, G. D’Amico, A. CaporossiLECT 7. NURSING NEONATES SUPPORTED ON ECMO: ORGANIZATIONAL FEATURES AND CARING ASPECTS • C. Baracetti, G. Cavallaro, G. Raffaeli, L. Plevani, F. MoscaLECT 8. NEONATAL HYPO- AND HYPERGLYCEMIA: WHAT TO KNOW, WHAT TO DO • G. Barera, G. CassanoLECT 9. THE ESSENTIAL CARE LEVELS: INDICATIONS FOR THE NEWBORN • S. BattilomoLECT 10. VITAMIN D: OLD AND NEW • A. Boldrini, M. Del PistoiaLECT 11. NURSING-SENSITIVE OUTCOMES IN NEONA­TOLOGY • L. Boni, G. GarganoLECT 12. REQUIREMENTS OF MACRONUTRIENTS AND MINERALS IN PARENTERAL NUTRITION OF PRE­TERM INFANTS • V. Bozzetti, P.E. TagliabueLECT 13. KANGAROO MOTHER CARE (KMC AND NEU­ROPROTECTION • G. Calciolari, C. Artese, N. Bertoncelli, E. Beccaria, V. Chiandotto, G. Colombo, S. De Marca, R. Montirosso, G. Paterlini, N. Simeone, F. FerrariLECT 14. HEMODYNAMIC PRINCIPLES AND MANAGE­MENT OF EXTRACORPOREAL MEMBRANE OXYGENATION SUPPORT • F. Canesi, F. Conigliaro, R. Fierro, G. Cavallaro, G. Raffaeli, F. MoscaLECT 15. THE STABILIZATION OF THE NEWBORN BEFORE THE TRANSPORT • V. Cardilli, P. Repole, S. Caoci, R. CellittiLECT 16. NEONATAL EXTRACORPOREAL MEMBRANE OXYGENATION

  14. Valutazione della ricchezza nazionale italiana negli ultimi cinquant'anni. (Evaluations of Italian national wealth in the last 50 years

    A. GIANNONE

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The present work analyses wealth in Italy over the past 50 years. It is chiefly devoted to the main work by Corrado Gini from 1914, which has constituted a model and source of inspiration for scholars in this field for many years. This work was recently brought up to date by a group of statisticians of the Italian Central Institute of Statistics, who have taken into account new material that has been added to the body of knowledge. Here, the author draws upon this work and occasionally on other studies by Gini to refer to several outstanding points: (a problems of a methodological character bearing on the evaluations of wealth; (b available evaluations of Italian wealth; (c comparisons of Italy’s wealth with that of other countries.JEL: E01, E21, N34

  15. Il riconoscimento sociale del fenomeno delle persone scomparse e la risposta italiana delle istituzioni e del terzo settore

    Cristina Brandi

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available In Italy, there are about 25.000 missing persons still to be found. Especially in the last 10 years the media have conveyed more and more accurate information on this phenomenon and have contributed, albeit not without critical elements, to overcome many stereotypes. The disappearance of a person, to date, is perceived not only as a private matter of the family concerned, but as an event that requires a collective responsibility, the concrete action of subjects with different skills and an effective dialogue between social systems. Even if it is at the beginning, the joint work of institutions and third sector forces in the study and intervention activities coordinated by the Government Special Commissioner for missing persons is our country's answer to the problems of missing people and their families. This paper outlines its relationships and functions, with particular attention to the association Psicologi per i Popoli.

  16. Evoluzione e persistenza dell’iconografia di Primo Carnera nella cultura popolare italiana: mitopoiesi plebea e propaganda fascista

    Roberto Mottadelli

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available This essay focuses on the process of entrechment in the Italian collective imagination of the figure of Primo Carnera, World Heavyweight Champion from 1933 to 1934, and on the evolution of his image from the years of his first wins to the beginning of XXI century. More specifically, the essay makes visible how the mythization of Carnera had spontaneously developed long before the Italian press started to extol the successes of the boxer, and how the Fascism subsequently tried to appropriate the image of Carnera – modifying some of its fundamental traits – in order to use it as a powerful tool of regime’s propaganda, especially during the war years. In the end, the essay shows how the figure of Carnera regained favour after the fall of the fascist regime reappropriating (or, more rarely, being distorted of its original traits. The study has been carried out through the comparison of a selection of cartoons, caricatures and illustration from the popular press dedicated to Carnera, official portrayals of him during the fascist regime and comic books more or less expressely inspired by the figure of the boxer.

  17. "Monetarismo" e politica monetaria italiana

    G. VACIAGO

    1977-12-01

    Full Text Available The work assesses the role of monetary policy in Italy. An overall definition of the operational indications arising out of monetarism is provided before they are compared with the objectives and strategies of Italian monetary policy. It is shown that, despite the diffusion of the monetarist theses, the Bank of Italy’s analysis and strategy in recent years have been moving in the opposite direction, with the role of the stock of money being significantly reduced. The author examines how far this evolution is justified by the corresponding evolution of the financial system. JEL: E52, E58, E44

  18. "Monetarismo" e politica monetaria italiana

    G. VACIAGO

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The work assesses the role of monetary policy in Italy. An overall definition of the operational indications arising out of monetarism is provided before they are compared with the objectives and strategies of Italian monetary policy. It is shown that, despite the diffusion of the monetarist theses, the Bank of Italy’s analysis and strategy in recent years have been moving in the opposite direction, with the role of the stock of money being significantly reduced. The author examines how far this evolution is justified by the corresponding evolution of the financial system. JEL: E52, E58, E44

  19. Ciudad Metropolitana: la experiencia italiana

    Giuseppe Franco Ferrari

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Debido a que las definiciones y la organización territorial actual no son suficientes, surge el concepto de áreas metropolitanas con el fin de dar solución a ese déficit. Este estudio muestra el inicio de la figura en Italia y los problemas de identificación y delimitación que se crean debido a la abstracción de las normas, lo que conlleva a una difícil implementación de las ciudades metropolitanas. Una vez señalados los obstáculos que se han presentado, se concluye con el análisis del futuro cercano en el que se observa el posible cumplimiento de esa nueva realidad.

  20. Mailing list italiana sul logo

    Leda Alice Lombardo

    1995-01-01

    Full Text Available Information and contacts related to Logo, a programming language created to be accessible to beginners and can also be used by children and at the same time, provide ample opportunity to expert.

  1. Memórias de docentes leigas que atuaram no ensino rural da Região Colonial Italiana, Rio Grande do Sul (1930 - 1950

    Terciane Ângela Luchese

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available O presente texto tem por objetivo compreender o cotidiano escolar rural, entre as décadas de 1930 e 1950, por meio das memórias de professores que atuaram na Região Colonial Italiana do Rio Grande do Sul (RCI, Brasil. Compreendemos a RCI como aquela formada pelas antigas colônias Conde d’Eu, Dona Isabel e Caxias, atualmente municípios de Caxias do Sul, Garibaldi, Carlos Barbosa e Bento Gonçalves. Trata-se da região que foi ocupada, a partir de 1875, por imigrantes, predominantemente italianos. No recorte temporal, 1930 a 1950, destacamos a expansão da rede escolar pública e as práticas de nacionalização empreendidas pelo governo varguista. Utilizamos como referencial teórico as contribuições da história cultural e como metodologia a análise documental histórica e a história oral. Os documentos produzidos a partir das narrativas docentes pertencem a dois acervos: banco de memórias do Arquivo Histórico Municipal João Spadari Adami (AHMJSA e Instituto Memória Histórica e Cultural, mantido pela Universidade de Caxias do Sul. Acrescemos aos acervos orais diversos documentos das intendências e órgãos administrativos da educação. Narramos histórias de vida dos docentes, mulheres em sua maioria, que se tornaram professoras por terem os conhecimentos mínimos exigidos para a função e pela absoluta falta de profissionais com titulação. Suas experiências vividas em escolas isoladas, rurais, permitem-nos (reconstruir cotidianos, aspectos da vida comunitária e, especialmente, escolar. Essas professoras leigas contaram como organizavam suas aulas, o que ensinavam, o modo como procediam em turmas heterogêneas, a relação delas com alunos e familiares, que são, portanto, aspectos da cultura escolar dessas aulas isoladas rurais, que marcam a história da educação brasileira.

  2. Desempenho vitícola de variedades autóctones italianas em condição de elevada altitude no Sul do Brasil

    Alberto Fontanella Brighenti

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o desempenho vitícola de 12 variedades autóctones italianas cultivadas a 1.400 m de altitude, em São Joaquim, SC. As seguintes variedades foram avaliadas em três ciclos: Prosecco, Verdicchio e Vermentino (brancas; e Aglianico, Aleatico, Ancellotta, Lambrusco Grasparossa, Montepulciano, Negroamaro, Rebo, Sagrantino e Sangiovese (tintas. Utilizou-se o delineamento experimental inteiramente casualizado, com cinco repetições de oito plantas para cada variedade. Os estádios fenológicos analisados foram: brotação, floração, mudança de cor das bagas e maturidade. No momento da colheita, avaliaram-se: produtividade e produção por planta, teor de sólidos solúveis totais (ºBrix, acidez total titulável (meq L-1, pH, e teores de antocianinas e de polifenóis totais. A amplitude térmica em torno de 10°C, durante a maturação, influenciou positivamente a qualidade da uva. As variedades brancas mais bem adaptadas às condições de São Joaquim foram a Vermentino e a Verdicchio, com produtividades acima de 3,9 Mg ha-1, sólidos solúveis acima de 18°Brix e teores de polifenóis totais acima de 500 mg L-1. As variedades tintas mais bem adaptadas foram a Sangiovese, a Sagrantino e a Montepulciano, com produtividades em torno de 6 Mg ha-1, sólidos solúveis entre 19 e 21,5°Brix e teores de polifenóis totais acima de 780 mg L-1. As baixas temperaturas durante a brotação e o volume de precipitação pluvial são os aspectos climáticos mais limitantes ao cultivo das variedades avaliadas, em São Joaquim.

  3. O galego como lingua de contacto co castelán riopratense: unha relación esquecida

    Carsten Sinner

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Unlike contact between Spanish and other languages such as Catalan, contact between Galician and Spanish, two closely related Ibero-Romance languages, has hardly been studied at all. Studies of contact between Galician and American Spanish are rarer still. While contact between Spanish and immigrant languages such as Italian, French, German or even Danish in the Rio de la Plata area and Argentina in particular has been the topic of numerous studies, Spanish-Galician contact is generally ignored. The main focus of the present article is the curious fact that the Galician language has never attracted the attention of Argentinian linguists and scholars in Hispanic Linguistics, not even in the area within the latter dedicated specifically to Argentina’s national language. This fact seems to be related to gen- eral cultural prejudice against Galicians in the Rio de la Plata area. Examples are presented of the influence of Galician on Argentinian Spanish. The article is based on a detailed study of the existing linguistic literature and a number of recent empirical studies in the framework of a research project on language contact among Ibero- -Romance Languages in the Department for Applied Linguistics and Translation Studies at Leipzig University.

  4. Student-Teacher Dialogue Journals as a Tool for Developing Interactional Ability. Tesi di Laurea in Lingua Inglese.

    Morini, Emanuela

    A study investigated the features of discourse in the written student-teacher interaction in dialogue journals. It was assumed that such an activity would encourage the negotiation of meaning and roles, and that the data would provide evidence of that negotiation. Data were drawn from 32 journals written by 16-to-18-year-old students in an Italian…

  5. Quais são as nossas diferenças? Reflexões sobre a convivência com o diverso em escolas italianas What are our differences? Reflections about cohabitation with diversity in italian schools

    Maria Beatriz Rodrigues

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available O artigo considera a lei Basaglia, do fechamento dos manicômios, como um divisor de águas na sociedade italiana no tocante ao enfrentamento do tema diversidade. Examina, baseado em uma experiência de três anos em escolas italianas, a operacionalização de outra lei que segue os mesmos princípios e prevê a freqüência de todas as crianças, normo- e infra- dotadas, em escolas regulares e que aboliu as chamadas classes especiais. Problematiza o conceito atual de diversidade tendo em vista a crescente presença de um novo grupo de diversos nas escolas, os estrangeiros, e propõe, a partir da leitura de Foucault sobre o direito à saúde, uma linha móvel para o entendimento da diversidade.The article considers the so called Basaglia's law that closed the asylums as a watershed in the Italian society. It regards the approach to the theme of diversity. Based on an experience of three years in the Italian schools the article examines the practice of another law that foresees the attendance by all children, normal or handicapped, in regular schools instead of special ones. It poses the problematic of the current concept of diversity and proposes from the reading of Foucault on the right to health, a mobile line for the understanding of diversity.

  6. COMPETENZA COMUNICATIVA INTERCULTURALE: ALCUNI ESEMPI DI INTERAZIONI PLURILINGUISTICHE IN ISTRIA

    Rita Scotti Jurić

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In base ad una ricerca sulla comunicazione plurilingue e interculturale nell’area plurilingue dell’Istria, il saggio analizza le interazioni verbali dei giovani bilingui di madrelingua italiana. Dopo una breve descrizione degli studi sul bilinguismo e sul multiculturalismo nell’area istroquarnerina, vengono esaminate le principali motivazioni che portano all’uso di code-switching e ad interferenze linguistiche durante le interazioni informali dei parlanti. Esempi di conversazioni, registrate in situazioni familiari, ed altre tratte dai social network, verranno discussi per dimostrare che l’analisi della conversazione è in grado di fornire una visione significativa della comunicazione interculturale e plurilinguistica. Si cercherà di spiegare, in particolare, come la scelta della lingua e l’alternanza del linguaggio siano in grado di soddisfare gli scopi comunicativi impellenti e come una competenza limitata nella terza e quarta lingua può essere sfruttata nella comunicazione interculturale.

  7. English in Globalisation, a Lingua Franca or a Lingua Frankensteinia?

    Phillipson, Robert

    2009-01-01

    TESOL declares that it is a global organization. TESOL's expansionist ambitions dovetail with U.S. corporate and government global aims. This trend leads the author to conclude that even if U.S. TESOL were to more actively embrace the other languages of its emerging bilinguals, the languages of a more multilingual TESOL would still be…

  8. Dinâmica de crescimento da abobrinha italiana em duas estações de cultivo = Growth dynamic of summer squash in two crop seasons.

    André Samuel Strassburger

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi quantificar os índices de crescimento, a produção e a distribuição de matéria seca da cultura da abobrinha italiana cultivada em substrato de casca de arroz in natura com solução nutritiva recirculante, em duas épocas de cultivo: primavera-verão de 2005 e verão-outono de 2006, caracterizadas, respectivamente, como períodos de alta e baixa disponibilidades de radiação solar. Cada tratamento correspondeu a uma época de amostragem, sendo a produção de matéria seca quantificada aos 0, 18, 32, 46 e 68 dias após o transplante (DAT no cultivo de primavera-verão, e aos 0, 15, 29, 43 e 55 DAT no cultivo de verão-outono.A produção de matéria seca foi maior quando a disponibilidade de radiação solar foi mais elevada. Nessa situação (alta disponibilidade de radiação solar, os frutos caracterizaram-se como os maiores drenos da cultura, não ocorrendo o mesmo em condições de baixa disponibilidade de radiação solar. As taxas de crescimento (da cultura, dos frutos, dos órgãos vegetativos aéreos e relativa também foram mais elevadas quando a radiação solar disponível foi mais elevada. A razão de área foliar e a área foliar específica apresentaram dinâmicas semelhantes à taxa de crescimento relativo, decrescendo com o decorrer do período de cultivo.The objective of this work was to quantify the growth rates, dry matter production and distribution of summer squash grown in raw rice husk medium with recirculating nutrient solution, in two crop seasons:spring-summer 2005 and summer-autumn 2006, which are periods characterized by high and low solar radiation availability, respectively. Each treatment corresponded to a sampling date and dry matter production was evaluated at 18, 32, 46 and 68 days after setting (DAS in springsummer, and 15, 29, 43 and 55 DAS in the summer-autumn crop season. Dry matter production was highest in high solar radiation availability conditions. In those

  9. Selected Abstracts of the 20th National Congress of the Italian Society of Perinatal Medicine (Società Italiana di Medicina Perinatale, SIMP; Catania (Italy; March 22-24, 2018; Session “Perinatal infections”

    --- Various Authors

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available 20th National Congress of the Italian Society of Perinatal Medicine (Società Italiana di Medicina Perinatale, SIMP Catania (Italy • March 22nd-24th, 2018SIMP PRESIDENTIrene CetinCONGRESS PRESIDENTSNicola Chianchiano, Angela Motta SCIENTIFIC COMMITTEEMariarosaria Di Tommaso, Gianpaolo Donzelli, Luca Ramenghi----------Guest Editors: Irene Cetin, Nicola Chianchiano, Angela Motta ----------Session “Perinatal infections”ABS 1. ROLE OF ABNORMAL CTG FEATURES IN CLINICAL AND SUBCLINICAL CHORIO­AMNIONITIS • L. Galli, V. Whelehan, A. Archer, A. Dall’Asta, T. Frusca, E. ChandraharanABS 2. HISTOLOGICAL CHORIOAMNIONITIS AT TERM: WHAT CLINICAL VALUE? • A. Pintucci, S. Consonni, L.E. Gioia, P. Colombo, P. Di Lorenzo, I. Vaglio Tessitore, F. Moltrasio, G. Bovo, A. LocatelliABS 3. VALNOCTAMIDE RESCUES CYTO­MEGALO­VIRUS-INDUCED ABNORMAL BRAIN ON­TOGENY AND DEAFNESS • S. Ornaghi, J. Bai, W. Tan, J. Santos-Sacchi, D. Navaratnam, A.N. van den Pol, M.J. Paidas, P. VerganiABS 4. ZIKA TESTING IN PREGNANT AND PREG­NANCY PLANNING WOMEN • G. Liuzzi, C. Castilletti E. Nicastri, F. Vairo, A. Corpolongo E. Lalle, M. Iannetta, L. Bordi, L. Scorzolini, F. Carletti, S. Quartu, F. Colavita, M.R. Capobianchi, G. IppolitoABS 5. MEASLES IS AGAIN A PROBLEM • C.I. Palermo, C.M. Costanzo, R. Russo, M. Di Franco, G. ScaliaABS 6. OUTCOMES ASSOCIATED WITH FETAL PARVOVIRUS B19 INFECTION: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW AND META-ANALYSIS • D. Buca, F. Bascietto, M. Liberati, D. Murgano, A. Iacovelli, M.E. Flacco, L. Manzoli, A. Familiari, G. Scambia, F. D’AntonioABS 7. HIV INFECTION AMONG MIGRANT PEOPLE: A SINGLE CENTER EXPERIENCE • A. Giudicepietro, L. Sarno, G.M. Maruotti, L.L. Mazzarelli, M.C. De Angelis, A. Sirico, F. Zullo, P. Martinelli, M. SansoneABS 8. FETAL PARVOVIRUS B19 INFECTION • V. Giardini, S. Lazzarin, A. Martinelli, S. Cozzolino, M. Verderio, P. VerganiABS 9. MASTITIS AND BREAST ABSCESSES IN BREASTFEEDING: MILK CULTURE, ANTIBIOTIC TREATMENT AND FOLLOW

  10. Unha lingua de signos galega?

    Cristina González Abelaira

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The passage in 2007 of Law 27/2007 of October 23, which recognizes Spanish sign language and regulates the means of communication support for deaf, hearing-impaired or deaf and blind people, marked the beginning of official recognition for Spanish sign lan- guage (LSE and Catalan sign language (LSC, and the right to learn and use them alongside other oral media. Following a historical process of campaigning by the deaf community, the new legislation acknowledges two sign languages in Spain. LSC has also received offi- cial recognition within Catalonia in the Catalan Statute of Autonomy since 2006. In 2010, Law 17/2010 of June 3 was passed; this is also concerned with Catalan sign language. However, a Galician sign language (LSG has received no recognition at either regional or state level. Spain’s recognition of only two distinct sign languages seems to be based not on internal linguistic argu- ments but rather political and social ones. A historical and emic analysis of the language planning process in Galicia through ethnographic methods reveals how linguistic diversity was managed in the community, showing that following Spanish oralization of the deaf community, linguistic uniformity was sought, resulting in a lack of recognition for different variants, including a Galician one.

  11. Un capítulo de la historia de las ideas sintácticas en Portugal: en torno a la teoría sintáctica del Ars grammaticae pro lingua lusitana addiscenda (Lyon, 1672 de Bento Pereira (S. I A Chapter in the History of Syntactic Ideas in Portugal: On the Syntactic Theory of Ars grammaticae pro lingua lusitana addiscenda (Lyon 1672 by Bento Pereira (S.I

    Rogelio Ponce de León Romeo

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available En este estudio se analizan los presupuestos sintácticos del Ars grammaticae pro lingua lusitana addiscenda (Lyon, 1672 del jesuita portugués Bento Pereira. En primer lugar se reflexiona sobre el papel de la sintaxis en las artes gramaticales impresas durante los siglos XVI y XVII, no sólo portuguesas o castellanas, sino también latinas; a continuación, se pasa a estudiar las características principales de la gramática de Bento Pereira, encuadrándola adecuadamente en el contexto gramaticográfico de su tiempo. Por lo que se refiere a la sintaxis propiamente dicha, se estudia el enfoque del jesuita portugués sobre las relaciones entre los constituyentes, así como la descripción que propone de las cláusulas subordinadas. Finalmente, se analizan someramente las fuentes de las que se sirve Bento Pereira.This paper discusses the syntactic premises of Ars grammaticae pro lingua lusitana addiscenda (Lyon 1672 by Portuguese Jesuit Bento Pereira. First, the role of syntax during the 16th and 17th C. not only in Portuguese and Spanish, but also in Latin printed grammatical arts is discussed. Then, the main characteristics of Bento Pereira´s grammar are accurately presented within the grammatographic context of his time. As regards syntax proper, the Portuguese Jesuist´s approach concerning the relationships between constituents, as well as the description he proposes for subordinate clauses are discussed. Finally, a brief review of Bento Pereira´s sources is presented.

  12. L’ITALIANO ALL’UNIVERSITÉ DE SAVOIE

    Andrea Costantini

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Il lavoro traccia un profilo degli studenti iscritti al corso di laurea triennale in Lingua, letteratura e cultura italiana della facoltà di Lettere, lingue e scienze umane dell’Université de Savoie (Chambéry, Francia. Basandosi su informazioni raccolte presso un campione di ventisei studenti tramite un apposito questionario, l’articolo delinea un ritratto degli apprendenti e ne analizza le esperienze passate e presenti di apprendimento linguistico; i contatti che essi hanno con l’Italia e con parlanti italofoni; le motivazioni di ordine culturale, professionale e personale che li hanno spinti all’apprendimento della lingua italiana. A partire dal loro profilo che i dati fanno emergere si stabilisce un confronto, in merito alle dinamiche di studio e alle motivazioni all’apprendimento dell’italiano, tra gli studenti di Chambéry e l’utenza dei corsi di lingua italiana organizzati dagli Istituti italiani di cultura nel mondo.  Italian at the Université de Savoie The article profiles students enrolled in the undergraduate program in Italian language, literature and culture at the Faculty of Arts, Languages and Humanities at the Université de Savoie (Chambéry, France. Based on information gathered from a sample of twenty-six students through a questionnaire, the article outlines a portrait of the learners and analyzes their past and present experience regarding language learning, contact they have with Italy and Italian speakers and the cultural, professional and personal reasons that brought them to study the Italian language. Based on the data, a comparison regarding the dynamics of Italian language learning and motivation among students in Chambéry and users of Italian language courses organized by the Italian Cultural Institutes in the world can be made.

  13. Dostoevskij e il sillogismo

    Richard Peace

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Si presenta di seguito la prima traduzione italiana del saggio di Richard Peace Dostoevsky and the Syllogism, pubblicato in lingua originale nel volume IX (2005 della collana Dostoevsky Studies, New Series. Il saggio è dedicato alla rielaborazione del sillogismo aristotelico da parte dei personaggi dostoevskiani nell’ambito del dibattito fra le due principali correnti filosofiche della Russia ottocentesca: l’ «occidentalismo» e lo «slavofilismo». Peace evidenzia come Dostoevskij miri a dimostrare che il ragionamento sillogistico sia estraneo alla forma mentis russa attraverso i fallimenti argomentativi dei suoi «ideofori»

  14. Hacia los orígenes del derecho civil europeo. Algunas observaciones sobre las relaciones entre pandectística alemana y doctrina civilista italiana en materia de negocio jurídico

    Filippo Ranieri

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available La historia del derecho civil italiano del último siglo estuvo marcada por un acontecimiento de gran relevancia: la sustitución de la influencia francesa por la alemana. Sin embargo, esta influencia ha disminuido desde hace algunas décadas. Hoy en día es marcado el interés que la cultura italiana muestra por el modelo angloamericano. A pesar de ello, el estudio de este capítulo fundamental de la reciente historia del derecho privado europeo, al cual podemos denominar “pandectística italiana”, podría facilitar la comprensión de ciertos caracteres estructurales del derecho civil italiano y mantener en vida la conciencia de un aspecto de la cultura iusprivatista que Italia comparte con Alemania y otros países europeos.

  15. Traducir la subversión. Análisis queer de las versiones italiana y española de la novela gráfica Fun Home de Alison Bechdel

    Nestore, Angelo

    2015-01-01

    El objetivo de la tesis Traducir la subversión es aplicar las Teorías Queer al análisis de la traducción de la novela gráfica, a través de un estudio descriptivo de las versiones italiana (de Martina Recchiuti) y castellana (de Rocío de la Maya) de la novela gráfica Fun Home de Alison Bechdel, publicada en EE.UU. en 2006 y galardonada con numerosos premios literarios. Se analiza cómo y en qué medida la traducción puede operar, o no, como factor de cambio al servicio de la subversión de las id...

  16. Lifestyle and specific dietary habits in the Italian population: focus on sugar intake and association with anthropometric parameters-the LIZ (Liquidi e Zuccheri nella popolazione Italiana) study.

    Marangoni, Franca; Brignoli, Ovidio; Cricelli, Claudio; Poli, Andrea

    2017-06-01

    In order to collect information on food intake, lifestyle and health status of the Italian population, a random cohort of about 2000 adults was selected in collaboration with the Italian society of general practitioners' network (SIMG). Cohort subjects underwent a full clinical evaluation, by their family doctor, who also collected anthropometric data and information on the prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors; they were also administered diary forms developed to assess dietary use of simple sugars, of sugar-containing food and of selected food items. Data obtained indicate that the consumption of simple sugars (either added or as natural part of food) by the Italian adult population is, on average, not high (65 and 67 g/day, among women and men, respectively) and mostly derived from food items such as fruit, milk and yogurt. In addition, no correlations were found, in this low-sugar-consuming cohort, between sugar intake and weight, body mass index and waist circumference. Intakes of simple sugars in the LIZ cohort are not associated with weight, BMI and waist circumference. Prospective data, from cohorts like the LIZ one, might shed further light on the contribution of simple sugar intake to health in countries like Italy.

  17. Propaganda between school and Church: the control of small Italian community in Portugal (1926-1943 | Propaganda entre escuela e Iglesia: el control de la pequeña comunidad italiana en Portugal (1926-1943

    Mario Ivani

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The Italian community in Portugal between the two world wars was made the subject of efforts to promote the Fascist Regime among Italians abroad through the regimentation in mass organizations and the appeal to the fascist civil religion. The myths of the universality of fascism, of the common Latin and Catholic origins, of the empire, of the uomo nuovo and the dissemination of the achievements of fascism had the dual goals of enhancing the consent of the Italian immigrants and attract the sympathies of the local elites for the fascist political model. The network of fasci and Italian schools abroad were the main instruments of this action. A crucial help came from the ecclesiastical structures, part of the community. | La comunidad italiana en Portugal en el periodo de entreguerras fue objeto de los esfuerzos por promover el régimen fascista entre los italianos en el extranjero a través del encuadramiento en las organizaciones de masas y las prácticas de la religión civil fascista. Los mitos de la universalidad del fascismo, de la latinidad y de los orígenes católicos comunes en los países de acogida, del imperio, del uomo nuovo y la divulgación de los logros del fascismo tenían el doble objetivo de reforzar el consenso de los inmigrantes italianos y atraer las simpatías de las elites locales hacia el modelo político fascista. Los instrumentos principales de esta acción fueron la red de los fasci all’estero y las escuelas italianas. Una ayuda determinante provenía de las estructuras eclesiásticas, parte integrante de la comunidad.

  18. Selected Lectures of the XXII National Congress of the Italian Society of Neonatology (Società Italiana di Neonatologia, SIN; Naples (Italy; October 12-15, 2016

    --- Various Authors

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Selected Lectures of the XXII National Congress of the Italian Society of Neonatology (Società Italiana di Neonatologia, SIN; Naples (Italy; October 12-15, 2016 LECT 1. LUNG RECRUITMENT STRATEGIES AND EARLY SURFACTANT IN NEONATAL INTENSIVE CARE UNIT. PRESENTATION OF A RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL: EFFICACY OF A NEW TECHNIQUE (IN-REC-SUR-E IN PRETERM NEONATES WITH RESPIRATORY DISTRESS SYNDROMEG. Vento, R. Pastorino, L. Boni, F. Cota, V. Carnielli, F. Cools, C. Dani, F. Mosca, J. Pillow, G. Polglase, P. Tagliabue, A.H. van Kaam, M.L. Ventura, C. RomagnoliLECT 2. CONGENITAL DIAPHRAGMATIC HERNIAF. CiralliLECT 3. CONGENITAL HEART DISEASE AND NEONATAL COMPLICATIONSY. SadouLECT 4. THE EPIGENETIC ROLE IN NEONATAL GROWTHG. Banderali, R. Giacchero, S. El Oksha, F. Betti, A. Lops, E. VerduciLECT 5. GENETIC BASES OF NEONATAL INFECTIONS A. Borghesi, I. Mazzucchelli, S. Longo, M. Angelini, J. Fellay, M. StronatiLECT 6. MALFORMATIVE SYNDROMES IN NICU: MANAGEMENT AND GENETIC COUNSELING B. Drera, C. PoggianiLECT 7. NEWBORNS OF MOTHERS WITH AUTOIMMUNE DISEASEM. Motta, A. Tincani, A. Lojacono, G. ChiricoLECT 8. PROTECTED DISCHARGE FOR HEALTHY AND SICK NEWBORNS. SWEET HOME, GOOD CAREG. Gentile, S. Gentile, A. PaganoLECT 9. THE NEW INTERNATIONAL GROWTH STANDARDS FOR PRETERM INFANTSE. Bertino, F. Giuliani, P. Di Nicola, M. Raia, A. CosciaLECT 10. HOW AND WHEN TO TREAT THE PDAW.E. Benitz, Ph. SunshineLECT 11. HEMODYNAMIC EVALUATION OF INFANTS WITH RESPIRATORY DISTRESS: TIMING AND DIAGNOSTIC PATHWAYSS. Fiocchi, S. MartinelliLECT 12. STANDARDS OF CARE AND TECHNICAL STANDARDS FOR THE SAFETY OF THE NEONATAL EMERGENCY TRANSPORT SERVICE (NETSM. Gente, R. Agostino, R. AufieriLECT 13. THE CARE OF CRITICALLY ILL INFANTS IN THE NICU: FROM NICU TO PICU C. Moretti, P. Papoff, F. MidullaLECT 14. MANAGEMENT OF SEPTIC SHOCK IN NEONATESL. Decembrino, C. Achille, M. StronatiLECT 15. OUTCOME OF CHILDREN WITH CEREBRAL PALSY IN A TERTIARY CENTER IN CATANIA: A CLINICAL

  19. Growth and yield of summer squash: effect of the ionic concentration of nutrient solutionCrescimento e produtividade da abobrinha italiana: efeito da concentração iônica da solução nutritiva

    Tiago Zanatta Aumonde

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available With the objective of evaluating the effect of different ionic concentrations of the nutrient solution on growth of summer squash cultivated in raw rice husk substrate with leaching recirculation, two experiments were conducted in two crop-seasons: spring-summer of 2005 and summer-autumn of 2006, in Pelotas, RS. Four ionic concentrations of the nutrient solution (based on electrical conductivity - EC were studied: 1.3; 1.7; 2.1 and 4.2 dS m-1. Crop growth was determinated by accumulated dry mass production and partitioning among the different above-ground plant organs (leafs, stem and fruits at the end of the crop-seasons. Fruit yield was also evaluated. The obtained results indicate that ionic concentrations equal or lower than 1.7 dS m-1 were limiting for proper growth and yield of the crop. The effect of high ionic concentration of the nutrient solution (above 2.1 dS m-1 on dry mass production and partitioning varied according to the crop-season. The lower solar radiation availability of the summer-autumn crop season minimized the effects of the different concentrations of nutrient solution on dry mass production and partitioning to the fruits, as well as on the yield. The fruits comprised from 28 to 52% of the total above-ground dry mass production. Fruits represented the largest sink of assimilates of the plant only at 2.1 dS m-1 ionic concentration of the nutrient solution and in crescent solar radiation availability condition (spring-summer. According the mathematics models, the electrical conductivity that maximizes dry mass production and yield is approximately 3.0 dS m-1 for both crop-seasons.Com o objetivo de avaliar o efeito de diferentes concentrações iônicas da solução nutritiva sobre o crescimento e a produtividade da abobrinha italiana cultivada em substrato de casca de arroz in natura com recirculação dos lixiviados, foram realizados dois experimentos em duas épocas de cultivo: primavera-verão de 2005 e verão-outono de

  20. Selected Abstracts of the 20th National Congress of the Italian Society of Perinatal Medicine (Società Italiana di Medicina Perinatale, SIMP; Catania (Italy; March 22-24, 2018; Session “Perinatal Miscellanea”

    --- Various Authors

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available 20th National Congress of the Italian Society of Perinatal Medicine (Società Italiana di Medicina Perinatale, SIMP Catania (Italy • March 22nd-24th, 2018SIMP PRESIDENTIrene CetinCONGRESS PRESIDENTSNicola Chianchiano, Angela Motta SCIENTIFIC COMMITTEEMariarosaria Di Tommaso, Gianpaolo Donzelli, Luca Ramenghi----------Guest Editors: Irene Cetin, Nicola Chianchiano, Angela Motta ----------Session “Perinatal Miscellanea”ABS 1. RISK FACTORS FOR CEREBRAL INJURY OF SURVIVORS AFTER SPONTANEOUS SINGLE FETAL DEMISE IN MONOCHORIONIC TWINS • M. Pellegrino, A. Turri, G. Pavone, T. Izzo, M.M. Lanna, S. Faiola, M.A. RusticoABS 2. PRENATAL DIAGNOSIS OF CORPUS CAL­LOSUM AGENESIS WITH ASSOCIATED INTER­HEMISPHERIC CYSTS: LONG-TERM OUTCOME IN 23 CHILDREN • S. Uccella, B. Berloco, D. Tortora, V. Capra, M. Ravegnani, D. Paladini, D. Pastorino, M.M. Mancardi, M. SeverinoABS 3. A COMPARISON BETWEEN THE FETAL AB­DOMINAL CIRCUMFERENCE DISTRIBUTION OF INTERGROWTH-21ST STANDARD VERSUS THE ITALIAN CUSTOMIZED FETAL GROWTH CHARTS IN DETECTING EARLY AND LATE ONSET SMALL FOR GESTATIONAL AGE INFANTS IN A HIGH-RISK POPULATION • E. Brunelli, D. Di Martino, F. Fusè, E. Ferrazzi, A. FarinaABS 4. UMBILICAL AND MIDDLE CEREBRAL ARTERY DOPPLER IN HYPERTENSIVE DISORDERS OF PREGNANCY: LOOKING BEYOND A NORMALLY GROWN FETUS • S. Salvi, S. Simeone, S. Moresi, E. Mastantuoni, S. Garofalo, F. Mecacci, S. De Carolis, A. Lanzone, S. FerrazzaniABS 5. THE IMPACT OF MATERNAL OBESITY ON PLACENTAL MODIFICATIONS AND INTRA­UTERINE FETAL DEATH • S. Fieni, A. Ferretti, M. Ambroggi, E.M. Silini, G. Pedrazzi, T. Ghi, T. FruscaABS 6. FOUR CASES OF NEONATAL LIMB ISCHEMIA WITH DIFFERENT ETIOLOGY • A. Turri, M. Pellegrino, G. Pavone, T. Izzo, S. Faiola, M.M. Lanna, M.A. Rustico, I. CetinABS 7. EFFECT OF POSITIVE URINE CULTURE AND VAGINAL SWAB ON THE EFFECTIVENESS OF PROGESTOGENS AS MAINTENANCE TO­COLYSIS: SECONDARY ANALYSIS OF THE PROTECT TRIAL • L. Pignatti, P. Vergani, M. Di

  1. LIPSI. IL LESSICO DI FREQUENZA DELL’ITALIANO PARLATO IN SVIZZERA

    Massimo Prada

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available L'articolo illustra le caratteristiche del LIPSI, il lessico di frequenza dell'italiano parlato in Svizzera.  Il LIPSI, elaborato con metodi di linguistica computazionale sulla base di  materiali linguistici raccolti sul campo, è il risultato di una ricerca durata quattro anni realizzata nell'ambito dei progetti dell' OLSI (Osservatorio linguistico della Svizzera italiana, istituito per la promozione della lingua e della cultura del Cantone Ticino.  Il LIPSI non solo fornisce la lista di frequenza di circa 13.000 parole dell'italiano parlato nel Cantone Ticino e nelle Valli Grigioni italiane, ma la confronta con quella del LIP e di altri strumenti di statistica linguistica  apparsi in Italia, e approfondisce alcuni aspetti che chiariscono meglio i contorni dell'italiano "statale" svizzero. Tale denominazione  si fonda su ragioni di natura sia geografica-politica-amministrativa sia interne alla varietà e propone una considerazione dell'italiano come una lingua pluricentrica, una lingua cioè che presenta accanto al tradizionale centro metropolitano italiano, imperniato sul modello fiorentino assorbito nella lingua letteraria con apporti di altre varietà, un altro centro almeno parzialmente autonomo di irradiazione e di sviluppo, quello della Svizzera italiana. Il LIPSI si configura inoltre come strumento metodologico importante per la ricerca e la didattica nell'ambito dell'italiano L1/L2.   This article illustrates the characteristics of LIPSI, the frequency lexicon of Italian spoken in Switzerland. LIPSI was compiled using computational linguistics methods based on materials collected in the field. It is the result of a four-year study carried out as part of OLSI (Osservatorio linguistico della Svizzera italiana, an institution which promotes the language and culture of Canton Ticino. LIPSI not only supplies a frequency list of about 13,000 Italian words spoken in Canton Ticino and the Italian Grigioni Valley, but it also compares this

  2. Selected Abstracts of the 20th National Congress of the Italian Society of Perinatal Medicine (Società Italiana di Medicina Perinatale, SIMP; Catania (Italy; March 22-24, 2018; Session “New Frontiers in Perinatal Medicine”

    --- Various Authors

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available 20th National Congress of the Italian Society of Perinatal Medicine (Società Italiana di Medicina Perinatale, SIMP Catania (Italy • March 22nd-24th, 2018SIMP PRESIDENTIrene CetinCONGRESS PRESIDENTSNicola Chianchiano, Angela Motta SCIENTIFIC COMMITTEEMariarosaria Di Tommaso, Gianpaolo Donzelli, Luca Ramenghi----------Guest Editors: Irene Cetin, Nicola Chianchiano, Angela Motta ----------Session “New Frontiers in Perinatal Medicine”ABS 1. CLINICAL AND METABOLIC OUTCOMES IN PREG­NANT WOMEN AT RISK FOR GDM SUPPLEMENTED WITH MYO-INOSITOL. A SEC­ONDARY ANALYSIS FROM 3 RCTS • A. Santamaria, A. Alibrandi, A. di Benedetto, B. Pintaudi, F. Corrado, F. Facchinetti, R. d’AnnaABS 2. PRE AND POST-NATAL CEREBRAL HEMO­DYNAMICS: CORRELATION WITH BIRTH WEIGHT, BASE ACID BALANCE AND NEO­NATAL OUTCOME • D. Buca, F. D’Antonio, F. Fanfani, S. Gustapane, M. Leombroni, L. Di Tizio, A. Ricciardulli, M. LiberatiABS 3. ROLE OF GLYCEMIC CONTROL IN THE DE­VELOPMENT OF PREECLAMPSIA IN DIA­BETIC WOMEN • S. Ottanelli, C. Serena, S. Simeone, M.P. Rambaldi, F. MecacciABS 4. MATERNAL NUTRITION AND LIFESTYLE AS PREDICTORS OF PLACENTAL FUNCTION IN THE FIRST TRIMESTER OF PREGNANCY • I. di Bartolo, F. Parisi, C. Melinte, I. CetinABS 5. ADHERENCE TO MEDITERRANEAN DIET, WEIGHT GAIN AND THICKNESS SKINFOLD IN NORMAL WEIGHT PREGNANT WOMEN WITH OR WITHOUT GESTATIONAL DIABETES MELLITUS • A. Spadafranca, S. Digiacomo, A. Battezzati, S. Bertoli, I. Cetin, E. FerrazziABS 6. THE ROLE OF ULTRASONOGRAPHY IN PRENATAL DIAGNOSIS OF CONGENITAL VASCULAR ANOMALIES • T. Izzo, S. Faiola, M. Lanna, L. Spaccini, E. Cattaneo, V. Baraldini, A. Turri, M.A. RusticoABS 7. THREE-DIMENSIONAL AUTOMATED MEASURE OF THE FETAL THIGH IN HIGH-RISK PREG­NANCIES TO PREDICT FETAL WEIGHT • T. Izzo, E. Ferrazzi, A. Farina, S. Rigano, V. Signorelli, M. Elisabetta, F. Fusè, D. Di MartinoABS 8. IMPACT OF BLADDER FILLING ON UTERINE ARTERY BLOOD FLOW INDICES IN THE FIRST TRIMESTER OF PREGNANCY

  3. Selected Abstracts of the 20th National Congress of the Italian Society of Perinatal Medicine (Società Italiana di Medicina Perinatale, SIMP; Catania (Italy; March 22-24, 2018; Session “Perinatal medicine”

    --- Various Authors

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available 20th National Congress of the Italian Society of Perinatal Medicine (Società Italiana di Medicina Perinatale, SIMP Catania (Italy • March 22nd-24th, 2018SIMP PRESIDENTIrene CetinCONGRESS PRESIDENTSNicola Chianchiano, Angela Motta SCIENTIFIC COMMITTEEMariarosaria Di Tommaso, Gianpaolo Donzelli, Luca Ramenghi----------Guest Editors: Irene Cetin, Nicola Chianchiano, Angela Motta ----------Session “Perinatal medicine”ABS 1. INDUCTION OF LABOR IN CONSTITUTIONALLY SMALL FOR GESTATIONAL AGE FETUSES AT TERM OF PREGNANCY: DOES GESTATIONAL AGE IMPACT DELIVERY OUTCOME? • R. Cuzzola, V. Seravalli, E. Magro-Malosso, G. Rovero, F. Perelli, M. Di Tommaso, F. PetragliaABS 2. PREDICTION OF PRETERM BIRTH IN ASYMPTOMATIC WOMEN WITH REDUCED CERVICAL LENGTH: A PROSPECTIVE STUDY ON MATERNAL INFLAMMATORY MARKERS • C. Linari, E. Magro-Malosso, S. Paccosi, A. Parenti, V. Seravalli, M. Di Tommaso, F. PetragliaABS 3. MULTIVARIABLE EVALUATION OF THE MATERNAL HEMODYNAMIC PROFILE IN HIGH-RISK PREGNANCIES COMPLICATED BY INTRAUTERINE GROWTH RESTRICTION: A PROSPECTIVE STUDY • D. Di Martino, E. Ferrazzi, M. Garbin, F. Fusè, T. Izzo, J. Duvekot, A. FarinaABS 4. REGIONAL AUDIT SYSTEM IMPLEMENTA­TION FOR STILLBIRTH: A WAY TO BETTER UNDERSTAND AND TARGET THE PHENOMENON • G. Po’, F. Monari, F. Zanni, C. Lupi, F. Facchinetti1 for the Regional Audit System for Stillbirth GroupABS 5. FETAL GENDER PAIRING AND OBSTETRIC OUTCOME IN TWIN PREGNANCY: A 7-YEARS RETROSPECTIVE STUDY AT SINGLE CENTRE • S. Vannuccini, C. Linari, M. Aldinucci, M. Di Tommaso, F. PetragliaABS 6. INOSITOL STEREOISOMERS SUPPLEMENTA­TION AND INCIDENCE OF GESTATIONAL DIABETES MELLITUS IN WOMEN AT HIGH RISK OF THIS DISORDER • G. Pavone, B. Matarrelli, D. Buca, M. Leombroni, E. Vitacolonna, P.A. Mattei, C. CelentanoABS 7. CESAREAN SECTION: DELAYED CORD CLAMPING OR MILKING? • S. Consonni, I. Vaglio Tessitore, C. Conti, C. Plevani, F. Torcasio, A. Pintucci, F. Bonati, A. LocatelliABS 8. ARABIN

  4. Alcuni possibili scenari per l'economia italiana nella seconda metà degli anni ottanta. (Some possible scenarios for the Italian economy in the second half of the 1980s

    G. FAUSTINI

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Negli ultimi anni, l'offerta di lavoro in Italia , come in altri paesi europei , non ha prodotto una espansione di opportunità di lavoro . Questo nonostante il fatto che durante l'ultima recessione l'Italia ha visto una minore riduzione dei livelli di attività rispetto alla media dell'Unione europea , ed era quindi in grado di limitare , più che altrove , l'impatto negativo sul mercato del lavoro . Il presente lavoro presenta scenari di sviluppo per l'economia italiana fino al 1990 , senza prevedere che cosa accadrà nei prossimi anni. Piuttosto , si intende semplicemente sottolineare la necessità di affrontare il problema della crescita interna , in presenza di un probabile modesta espansione dell'economia mondiale , individuando le difficoltà dei problemi che in politica economica si incontrano al fine di favorire una ripresa stabile e un progressivo aumento del tasso di occupazione .In recent years the supply of labor in Italy, as in other European countries, has not produced an expansion of employment opportunities. This despite the fact that during the last recession Italy saw a smaller reduction in the levels of activity compared to the average of the EU, and was thus able to limit, more than elsewhere, the negative impact on the labor market. The present work presents scenarios of development for the Italian economy through 1990, without forecasting what will happen in the next few years. Rather, it is intended to simply to emphasise the need to address the problem of internal growth, in the presence of a probable modest expansion of the world economy, identifying the difficulties and problems that economic policy will encounter in order to foster a stable recovery and a gradual increase in the employment rate.JEL: J21, E24, O21

  5. Parlare di olio. Terminologia della degustazione e tipi di testi

    Silvia Gilardoni

    2013-01-01

    In questo contributo analizziamo la terminologia italiana del settore olivicolo con attenzione ai termini impiegati nella descrizione delle proprietà degustative dell’olio di oliva. Sulla base di un corpus costituito da una documentazione di carattere lessicografico e testuale in lingua italiana presentiamo un’analisi concettuale e terminologica del dominio dell’analisi sensoriale dell’olio. Una parte del lavoro è poi dedicata ad esaminare le modalità espressive e le variazioni terminologiche...

  6. [The role of biochemical markers of myocardial damage in clinical practice: the diagnosis of infarct and risk stratification. The Intersociety Interdisciplinary Study Group of the ANMCO-SIBioC-SIMeL, Markers of Muocardial Lesions. L'Associazione Nazionale Medici Cardiologi Ospedalieri-Società Italiana di Biochimica Clinica-Società Italiana di Medicina di Laboratorio].

    Ottani, F; Galvani, M; Panteghini, M; Dolci, A; Plebani, M; Tubaro, M; Zaninotto, M

    2000-01-01

    For many years creatine kinase (CK) and CK-MB isoenzymes were used together with the ECG to confirm the presence of myocardial infarction. During the last decade newer cardiac markers have been introduced and immunological test systems developed for their quantification. Among these new markers, a prominent role has emerged for cardiac troponins (T or I). These technological advanced assays have shown greater sensitivity compared to "conventional cardiac enzymes;, thereby identifying patients with small--at times, microscopic--infarcts who would not have met defining criteria for myocardial infarction in an earlier era. Another major advantage shown by both cardiac troponins with respect to "conventional cardiac enzymes" is their ability to predict clinical outcome over a short- or long-term follow-up in patients with acute coronary syndromes, and this appears to be particularly relevant in patients with micronecrosis, who constitute a high-risk subgroup of unstable angina patients. Recently, myoglobin has also been widely applied as a marker. Although lacking in myocardial specificity, it is the earliest marker to show an increase after coronary occlusion. Thus, the combined use of myoglobin and a cardiospecific structural protein such as troponin T or I may prove an attractive strategy for biochemical testing in chest pain patients. With the routine use of these novel cardiac markers, fascinating opportunities are now open in the field of diagnostic classification (making the World Health Organization definition of myocardial infarction obsolete) and risk stratification in chest pain patients; opportunities that were unforeseen in the era of cardiac enzymes. However, the use of these markers has also posed some important questions on: a) the best and most cost-effective diagnostic strategy in chest pain patients; b) the remaining role of cardiac enzymes; c) the therapeutic consequences of a positive test result.

  7. Determinants of career structure and advancement among Italian cardiologists. An example of segregation and discrimination against women? SCIC Group. Studio Condizione Italiana Cardiologi.

    Modena, M G; Lalla, M; Molinari, R

    1999-09-01

    The aim of this study was to analyse the processes through which job, career and research-related choices are determined in Italian cardiology, focusing on characteristics such as productivity, gender and family. In June 1996, a questionnaire surveying individual and career-related data was mailed to all members (8000) of the Italian societies of cardiology. Returned questionnaires numbered 1715 (21.4% of the total mailed), 83% were completed by men and 17% by women. For both hospital and academic careers, advancement in rank was influenced by variables denoting productivity, family and individual characteristics. However, men and women showed slightly different patterns. Promotion to the upper ranks of the hierarchy was highly dependent upon time (once the effects of the covariates were eliminated). This situation is typical of the internal labour market, that is, in institutions in which staff members are ranked on a hierarchical scale according to formal criteria that are 'rigid' and institutionalized, partially sheltered from competition. Therefore, once a member has gained access to the bottom of the hierarchy, the professional career is 'pre-determined' and seniority has an appreciable influence on promotion decisions; in this context, women appear to be at a disadvantage. Copyright 1999 The European Society of Cardiology.

  8. TEMPO E SPAZIO NELLA LETTERATURA ITALIANA ...

    User

    As a result, between the two imaginary cities, each with a six-month winter and a .... arrow, than the awareness of a thought, than drawing one's finger out of a flame (Par. .... children lose their innocence by the time they become adults; and the ...

  9. Tecnologia italiana per il vuoto spinto

    2002-01-01

    "Ancora una volta ad aggiudicarsi un ambito riconoscimento internazionale e' un fisico italiano: Cristoforo Benvenuti ritirera' tra pochi giorni a Denver il premio Gaede-Langmuir che viene assegnato dalla American vacuum society" (1/2 page).

  10. TEMPO E SPAZIO NELLA LETTERATURA ITALIANA ...

    User

    Jupiter, Saturn, and the Fixed Stars — with a further sphere beyond: the. Primum Mobile, the source of the motion of all the others, revolving with extreme speed within the infinite Empyrean Heaven, the abode of the blessed enjoying the eternal vision and love of God. In this enclosed world — eventually discarded through ...

  11. Size and form of plots for the culture of the Italian pumpkin in plastic greenhouse Tamanho e forma de parcelas para a cultura da abóbora italiana cultivada em estufa plástica

    Rodrigo Machado Mello

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Quality control is the guaranty that experimental error is kept under acceptable levels, and the definition of the proper size and form of experimental plots ensures acurate experimental planning. This paper aims to determine the proper plot size and shape for the culture of the Italian pumpkin in protected environments. Two experiments were set in plastic green house in distinct crop seasons: either Summer-Fall or Winter-Spring season. The experiment comprised eight, 23-m long lines with 20 plants each, and fruit weight was considered the main performance parameter. Estimates of best plots size and shape were obtained by the maximum curvature, variance comparison and Hatheway methods. The plot size and shape varied according to the season and the ideal size and shape, according to the maximum curvature and Hatheway methods, to the Summer-Fall and Winter-Spring seasons, were eight plants (4 ´ 2 plot and four plants (2 ´ 2 plot, respectively.Na experimentação é de fundamental importância o controle de qualidade, fazendo com que o erro experimental apresente-se em níveis aceitáveis e, uma das formas desse controle, é a definição do tamanho e forma ótimos de parcela, no planejamento experimental. Determinou-se o tamanho e a forma ideais de parcela, para a cultura da abóbora italiana, em experimentos realizados sob ambientes protegidos, avaliando-se o rendimento acumulado da fitomassa dos frutos. Foram conduzidos dois experimentos em estufa plástica, modelo arco pampeano, durante o ano de 2001, em duas épocas de cultivo, um na estação sazonal verão-outono e outro na estação sazonal inverno-primavera. Os experimentos foram constituídos de oito fileiras de 20m de comprimento, sendo que, em cada uma delas, foram alocadas 20 plantas. As estimativas do tamanho e da forma de parcela foram obtidas pelos métodos da máxima curvatura, da comparação das variâncias e de Hatheway. As estimativas do tamanho e da forma da parcela variaram

  12. English as the Lingua Franca in Transnational Higher Education: Motives and Prospects of Institutions That Teach in Languages Other than English

    Wilkins, Stephen; Urbanovic, Jolanta

    2014-01-01

    Although there seems to be a wide held assumption that transnational higher education programs have to be taught in English to be legitimate "international" programs, there are a few examples globally of international branch campuses that teach in languages other than English. Using seven institutional case studies from around the world,…

  13. L’educazione dell’Indio. I gesuiti José de Acosta e Blas Vale- ra su lingua e ingegni dei nativi peruviani

    Francesco Mattei

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available For the first Jesuits, the Peruvian Province has been a place of experimentation of educational practices and inculturation. The presence of a culture as complex as that of the Incas posed to the Society some crucial theological and political problems. To solve these problems, some of its members undertook grammatical, anthropological and historical studies that are still essential for understanding the peoples of the Andes. Among these studies, they are to be counted those of José de Acosta (1540-1600, who was provincial of Peru, and Blas Valera (1544-1597?/1619?, first Jesuit mestizo to be ordained a priest. Both were opposed to the policy of forced conversion of the Indios, but they proposed two different ways to educate the natives to Christianity. This paper aims at investigating the plots of these pathways, understanding them as two pedagogies strategically different, but not in opposition to each other.

  14. Biomass CCS study

    Cavezzali, S.

    2009-11-15

    The use of biomass in power generation is one of the important ways in reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Specifically, the cofiring of biomass with coal could be regarded as a common feature to any new build power plant if a sustainable supply of biomass fuel is readily accessible. IEA GHG has undertaken a techno-economic evaluation of the use of biomass in biomass fired and co-fired power generation, using post-combustion capture technology. This report is the result of the study undertaken by Foster Wheeler Italiana.

  15. Browse Title Index

    L Somigli. Vol 22, No 2 (2009), Antropologia di un intellettuale, Giuseppe Cassieri, Abstract PDF. G Sotis. Vol 14, No 2 (2001), Apprendere una lingua straniera: tempo e spazio nella cultura italiana, Abstract PDF. C Samson. Vol 26, No 1 (2013), Appunti pasoliniani per un'orestiade africana, Abstract PDF. M Chiacchiararelli.

  16. The Community as a Source of Pragmatic Input for Learners of Italian: The Multimedia Repository LIRA

    Zanoni, Greta

    2016-01-01

    This paper focuses on community participation within the LIRA project--Lingua/Cultura Italiana in Rete per l'Apprendimento (Italian language and culture for online learning). LIRA is a multimedia repository of e-learning materials aiming at recovering, preserving and developing the linguistic, pragmatic and cultural competences of second and third…

  17. Multiculturalità ottomana e scrittori italiani da Saul Israel a Miro Silvera e Daniel Fishman

    Speelman, R.M.

    2007-01-01

    Dall’ex Impero Ottomano, società multiculturale per eccellenza, della quale facevano parte fra l’altro Grecia e Bulgaria, Siria, Egitto, Libia e Israele, provengono molti ebrei scrittori in lingua italiana. Esaminiamo tre di essi: Saul Israel, scienziato nato a Selanik (Salonicco) e autore di un

  18. The LIS Corpus Project: A Discussion of Sociolinguistic Variation in the Lexicon

    Geraci, Carlo; Battaglia, Katia; Cardinaletti, Anna; Cecchetto, Carlo; Donati, Caterina; Giudice, Serena; Mereghetti, Emiliano

    2011-01-01

    Following a well-established tradition going back to the 1980s (cf. Volterra 1987/2004), the authors use the name Lingua dei Segni Italiana (Italian Sign Language [LIS]) for the language used by Italian deaf people (and by Swiss deaf people living in the Ticino canton). LIS is becoming more and more visible, and its status as a minority language…

  19. Dai suoni alla lingua in uso

    Pierucci, Giulia

    Being able to understand and produce the sound system of the target language is a building block in the process of language learning. In spite of this, pronunciation is often neglected in FL/SL curricula and teaching practice. This project’s goal is to contribute to the field of FLT by designing...... on the whole process of FL learning, this project will integrate intensive training in pronunciation with activities aimed at a range of language components, from grammar to comprehension to pragmatic competence, always based on authentic material. The project’s methodology is based on design research...

  20. Lingua and Erasmus: Circumventing the Constraints.

    Chambers, Gary

    1994-01-01

    Discusses the development and implementation of a student exchange program between the University of Leeds in England and the Institut fur Praxis der Theorie der Schule in Kiel, Germany. Ten Leeds students participated in the program, which was designed to give students an appreciation of German culture, language, and vocational teaching methods.…

  1. Selected Abstracts of the 19th National Congress of the Italian Society of Perinatal Medicine (Società Italiana di Medicina Perinatale, SIMP; Naples (Italy; January 19-21, 2017

    --- Various Authors

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Selected Abstracts of the 19th National Congress of the Italian Society of Perinatal Medicine (Società Italiana di Medicina Perinatale, SIMP; Naples (Italy; January 19-21, 2017 Guest Editors: Irene Cetin, Mariavittoria Locci ABS 1. THE “WOMAN AND CHILD HOSPITAL” ORGANIZED ON INTENSITY OF CARE IN VERONA: AN OPPORTUNITY TO PROMOTE MATERNAL AND PERINATAL HEALTH • C. Bovo, R. Bortolus, G. Ghirlanda, P. Biban, V. Bergamini, A. Bonetti, E. Allegrini, G. PiacentiniABS 2. CIRCULATING LEVELS OF NATURAL KILLER T CELLS AND ENDOTHELIAL PROGENITOR CELLS IN PRE-ECLAMPTIC PREGNANT WOMEN • E. Piccione, F. Basile, A. Santamaria, L. Rizzo, D. Giordano, S. Loddo, R. D’AnnaABS 3. CLASSIFICATION OF THE RISK FACTORS FOR STILLBIRTH FOLLOWING THE IMPLEMENTATION OF A CLINICAL AUDIT METHOD: PRELIMINARY DATA FROM A WIDE AREA IN NORTHERN ITALY • A. Ferretti, L. Galli, A. Dall’Asta, S. Fieni, T. FruscaABS 4. CESAREAN SECTION: INDICATIONS AND INCIDENCE IN THE LAST DECADES • L. Rizzo, F. Basile, A. Santamaria, R. D’AnnaABS 5. MATERNAL NEAR MISS: A 10-YEAR SURVEILLANCE STUDY IN A TERTIARY CARE FACILITY OF NORTHERN ITALY • G. Zanconato, C. Bovo, E. Cavaliere, R. Bortolus, R. Castellani, M. FranchiABS 6. IS LENTICULOSTRIATED VASCULOPATHY AT HEAD ULTRASOUND AN UNFAVORABLE PROGNOSTIC FINDING IN PATIENTS WITH CONGENITAL CYTOMEGALOVIRUS INFECTION? • A. De Matteis, A. Giannattasio, P. Di Costanzo, P. Milite, D. De Martino, M.R. Augurio, C. Grande, E. Capone, A. Romano, F. RaimondiABS 7. MATERNAL IMMUNOSUPPRESSION AND RISK OF SEVERE CONGENITAL CYTOMEGALOVIRUS INFECTION • A. De Matteis, A. Giannattasio, S. Cenni, L. Bucci, P. Milite, F. Raimondi, P. Di CostanzoABS 8. NEUROIMAGING STUDIES AND NEURODEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME IN A LARGE COHORT OF INFANTS WITH CONGENITAL CYTOMEGALOVIRUS INFECTION • C. Grande, M.R. Augurio, D. De Martino, L. Bucci, L. Capasso, P. Di Costanzo, A. Giannattasio, F. RaimondiABS 9. POSTPARTUM HEMORRHAGE RISK AFTER EXPOSURE TO SSRIs DURING

  2. Selected Abstracts of the 20th National Congress of the Italian Society of Perinatal Medicine (Società Italiana di Medicina Perinatale, SIMP; Catania (Italy; March 22-24, 2018; Session “Prematurity”

    --- Various Authors

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available 20th National Congress of the Italian Society of Perinatal Medicine (Società Italiana di Medicina Perinatale, SIMP Catania (Italy • March 22nd-24th, 2018SIMP PRESIDENTIrene CetinCONGRESS PRESIDENTSNicola Chianchiano, Angela Motta SCIENTIFIC COMMITTEEMariarosaria Di Tommaso, Gianpaolo Donzelli, Luca Ramenghi----------Guest Editors: Irene Cetin, Nicola Chianchiano, Angela Motta ----------Session “Prematurity”ABS 1. EARLY PAIN EXPERIENCES AND NEONATAL CEREBRAL CONNECTIVITY EVALUATED WITH rs-FMRI AT TERM CORRECTED AGE • D. Tortora, C. Di Biase, M. Severino, A. Parodi, M. Malova, G. Morana, A. Rossi, L.A. RamenghiABS 2. PLACENTAL HISTOLOGY FINDINGS AS POS­SIBLE RISK FACTORS FOR MRI-DETECTED BRAIN LESIONS IN VLBW INFANTS • A. Parodi, M. Re, L. De Angelis, D. Brignole, M.P. Brisigotti, M.G. Calevo, M. Malova, A. Sannia, M. Severino, G. Morana, D. Tortora, A. Rossi, E. Fulcheri, L.A. RamenghiABS 3. PATTERN OF NEURODEVELOPMENTAL OUT­COME AT 2 YEARS OF CORRECTED AGE (CA IN ISOLATED LOW-GRADE INTRA­VENTRICULAR HEMORRHAGES VS LOW-GRADE CEREBELLAR HEMORRHAGES • A. Parodi, M. Malova, S. Uccella, L. Boeri, E. De Grandis, A. Sannia, M. Severino, G. Morana, D. Tortora, A. Rossi, E. Veneselli, L.A. RamenghiABS 4. TWIN PREGNANCY AND PRETERM BIRTH: FOCUS ON “AUTOPHAGY BIOMARKERS” AS REGULATORS OF THE IMMUNE RESPONSE • G. Di Rienzo, S. Paccosi, A. Parenti, E. Magro-Malosso, G. Sisti, M. Di Tommaso, F. PetragliaABS 5. THE ROLE OF ELASTOGRAPHY IN PREDICTING PRETERM BIRTH • G. Nazzaro, E. Salzano, R. Iazzetta, M. Miranda, M. LocciABS 6. MRI-DIAGNOSED WHITE MATTER LESIONS IN THE BRAIN OF VLBW BABIES: RISK FACTOR ANALYSIS • A. Parodi, S. Raffa, V. Cardiello, M. Malova, A. Sannia, M. Severino, G. Morana, D. Tortora, M.G. Calevo, A. Rossi, L.A. RamenghiABS 7. MATERNAL AND FETAL OUTCOMES IN TWIN OOCYTE DONATION PREGNANCIES: EXPERIENCE OF A TERTIARY REFERRAL OBSTETRIC ITALIAN CENTER • F. Fuse’, A. Turri, L. Primerano, O. Fornaciari, E

  3. Variância e média da massa de frutos de abobrinha-italiana em múltiplas colheitas Variance and means of zucchini fruit mass in multiple harvests

    Alessandro Dal'Col Lúcio

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available A variância associada à produção em plantas com colheitas múltiplas nem sempre é homogênea, o que compromete a precisão experimental. Com o objetivo de identificar o comportamento da média e da variância da massa dos frutos de abobrinha-italiana (Curcubita pepo com o passar das colheitas, entre as linhas de cultivo dentro de cada colheita e entre colheitas, e verificar a interferência de diferentes manejos nesse comportamento, conduziu-se um trabalho nas estações sazonais inverno-primavera (I/P e verão-outono (V/O 2004/2005. O experimento foi conduzido em dois túneis (T1 e T2, com três linhas de 25 plantas por túnel, com a cultivar Caserta. Em T1 utilizou-se irrigação por gotejamento, com mulching sobre os camalhões e menor aplicação de biocidas que em T2. Em T2 utilizou-se irrigação por aspersores, colocados a 1,8 m de altura, sem mulching sobre os camalhões. Aplicou-se o teste de Bartlett entre as seis variâncias das linhas de cultivo dentro de cada colheita e entre as variâncias médias das seis linhas para verificar a homogeneidade entre colheitas em cada estação de cultivo. Para comparação das médias de produção de cada linha de cultivo, em cada colheita, dentro de cada túnel, e entre linhas de cultivo, com a mesma posição nos túneis, foi aplicado o teste t. Na estação V/O, as variâncias foram homogêneas em duas das onze colheitas e, na estação I/P, em dez das treze colheitas, sendo que em ambas as estações houve maior homogeneidade das variâncias na primeira metade do ciclo. Na estação V/O, as variâncias em T1 foram, de modo geral, menores em todo o ciclo. Nas duas estações houve heterogeneidade na variância entre colheitas. Na estação V/O, ocorreram diferenças significativas em seis e três colheitas, respectivamente em T1 e T2, com as médias de produção atingindo 481,0 em T1 e 454,0 g planta-1 em T2. Na estação I/P ocorreram diferenças de produção na primeira (T1 e quarta e

  4. “Umilissimi, devotissimi servi”. Correspondencia de cantantes de ópera italiana con la Duquesa de Osuna. (Apuntes para el estudio de la circulación de la música y los músicos italianos en España entre el siglo XVIII y XIX

    Heilbron Ferrer, Marc

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available This text brings to the fore certain matters concerning the relationship between Italian opera singers and members of the Spanish Nobility towards the end of XVIII and the beginning of the XIX centuries, based on the example to be gleaned from the surviving correspondence attributed to the Duquesa de Osuna. The said documentation underlines the importance of the system of patronage and protection accorded to Italian music and musicians in the Iberian Peninsula within the framework of the consolidation of Italian Opera in Spain. Despite the liberty enjoyed by non-Spanish musicians they were still obliged to seek out the protection of the most noble families to be found in Spain at that time. The example shown by the Duquesa de Osuna can be seen as emblematic in this regard. A model that could be favourably compared to other relations of patronage and protection as practised in the rest of Europe.

    Este trabajo plantea algunas cuestiones en torno a la relación de cantantes de ópera italiana con la nobleza española a finales del siglo XVIII y principios del XIX, a partir del ejemplo proporcionado por la correspondencia conservada de la duquesa de Osuna. Esta documentación pone de relieve la importancia de las relaciones de patronazgo y protección en el entorno de la circulación de música y músicos italianos en la Península Ibérica, y en el marco de la consolidación de las representaciones de ópera italiana en España. A pesar de la existencia de una circulación libre de músicos extranjeros, éstos seguían necesitando de la protección de los personajes más notables de la sociedad española de la época, del que el caso la duquesa de Osuna puede ser considerado un modelo emblemático. Modelo también equiparable al de otras relaciones de mecenazgo y protección en el resto de Europa.

  5. Comparative morphometrical and histological study of lingual papillae in two different ages of the Iraqi buffalo (Bubalus bubalis

    A.A. Hasso

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Twenty two tongues of buffalo collected from the slaughter house of Mousl city (11 tongues for adult animals 3-4 years and11tongues for small ages 1 weake-2 monthes. Two groups were used in this study, twelve samples for anatomical study and ten samples for histological study, in each group of this study, the tongues were divided into four regions from apex to the end of the root. The tongue is a muscular organ which consists of dorsal and ventral surfaces, it is formed from three parts (apex, body and root. The lingual fossa and torus linguae both appear on the dorsal surface. The total average of the tongue length in adult animals (36.00±0.97 cm while the highest average of the length, width and thickness found in the third region. The total length in small ages was (16.92±0.98 cm and the highest average of length and thickness again it happens in third region and the highest width in this age group found in the second region. The investigation of the normal anatomical structures of the tongue distinguished four lingual papillae (filiform, fungiform, conical and circumvalate while the lenticuler papillae absent in both age groups. The filiform and fungiform papillae spread over the dorsal surface and ventro-lateral surface terminat abruptly at the ventro-lateral border forming a distinct straight line from apex to the torus linguae in both ages. The present work reveals that the highest average of filiform papillae in both surface (dorsal and ventro-lateral surface founds in second region in adult group, while in small group founds in first region. The highest average of fungiform papillae in both surface of both age groups are in the apex of tongue. The highest average of conical and circumvalate papillae in both age group (adult and young were on torus linguae. The histological study has been used the shape, diameter and the type of epithelium which covered the papillae in both groups. The filiform papillae are long fine projection beading

  6. Produção de geléia real por abelhas Apis mellifera italianas, africanizadas e descendentes de seus cruzamentos - DOI: 10.4025/actascianimsci.v27i1.1254 Royal jelly production by Italian and Africanized honeybees Apis mellifera, descendants of their crossing - DOI: 10.4025/actascianimsci.v27i1.1254

    Regina Helena Nogueira Couto

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available Este experimento objetivou comparar a produção de geléia real de abelhas descendentes de rainhas italianas irmãs, inseminadas com zangões africanizados (T1, ou com zangões italianos (T2, e de rainhas africanizadas irmãs, fecundadas no vôo (T3, comparando-a com fatores ambientais. As operárias híbridas (T1 aceitaram mais larvas transferidas (45,41 %, embora a diferença não tenha sido significativa, e depositaram maior (P This work aimed at comparing royal jelly production among descendants of Italian queen sisters inseminated by Africanized drones (T1, Italian drones (T2 and Africanized queen sisters in natural mating (T3. The workers cross-bred (T1 accepted more transferred larvae (45.41% but there was no significant difference. They deposited more (P < 0.05 royal jelly in each cup (243.5 mg than Italians (T2 – 31.36% and 214.7 mg and Africanized workers (T3 – 33.63% and 209.3 mg, respectively. The result showed a best production in each colony which suggests heterosis. These parameters showed positive relation with pollen and workers quantities and with environmental temperature. The best production occurred in February and March, period of absence of flower in orange and eucalyptus culture in this region

  7. Intellectuals networks in front of the fascism: cultural and political controversies about the Italian racial laws and exiles in Argentina | Redes intelectuales ante el fascismo: polémicas culturales y políticas acerca de las leyes raciales italianas y los exilios en Argentina

    Leticia Prislei

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This work sets out to release some of the threads that tile the plot of our political culture using like via of entrance the conflicts and combats that get rid at that time in the world. Multiple indications of the effects caused by the putting in use of the racial laws of the Italian fascism in 1938 and exiles derived from the same ones emerge in publications of the Italian daily press, of Argentine newspapers and the cultural magazines. Their echoes not yet stop. | Este trabajo se propone relevar algunos de los hilos que tejen la trama de nuestra cultura política utilizando como vía de entrada los conflictos y combates que se libran por entonces en el mundo. Múltiples indicios de los efectos provocados por la puesta en vigencia de las leyes raciales del fascismo italiano en 1938 y los exilios derivados de las mismas emergen en publicaciones de la prensa cotidiana italiana, de los diarios argentinos y las revistas culturales. Sus ecos aún no cesan.

  8. L’INCHIESTA ITALIANO 2010. ANTEPRIMA DI ALCUNI RISULTATI

    Claudio Giovanardi

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available L’inchiesta Italiano 2010, promossa dal Ministero degli Esteri, mette in luce una forte crescita della domanda di lingua italiana nel mondo. I corsi svolti nel 2009-2010 dagli Istituti Italiani di Cultura sono in tutto 6.429, mentre dalla rilevazione eseguita nel 2000 sotto la guida di Tullio De Mauro (Italiano 2000 ne risultavano 3.548, poco più della metà. L’aumento dei corsi si riflette sul numero degli studenti, che in dieci anni è salito di 22.073 unità, ovvero di quasi il 50%, passando da 45.699 a 67.772. Fra le motivazioni che spingono gli stranieri a studiare l’italiano, prevale più nettamente che nel 2000 il fattore «Tempo libero e interessi vari» (56%, a conferma dell’immagine tradizionale della lingua italiana come lingua di cultura. Al secondo posto si colloca lo «Studio» (21%, seguita dal «Lavoro» (13% e dai «Motivi personali e familiari» (10%. Oggi più di ieri, la crescita dell’interesse per la lingua italiana nel mondo è in stretta relazione con la crescita dell’interesse per la nostra cultura. Rispetto alla precedente inchiesta Italiano 2000, il progetto Italiano 2010 ha aggiunto la somministrazione agli studenti universitari di due test linguistici di diverso livello. Grazie alla collaborazione dei lettori MAE si è potuto ricavare un corpus di oltre 1700 test che costituisce un importante contributo allo studio dei “punti di crisi” dell’italiano per gli apprendenti stranieri. Per questo articolo ci si sofferma sulle indicazioni linguistiche e testuali che si ricavano dal testo libero previsto per il livello avanzato: un riassunto tratto da un brano della Guida del Touring Club per la regione Abruzzo.     Italiano 2010: initial results of an enquiry   The survey Italiano 2010, promoted by the Foreign Ministry, highlights the strong demand for the Italian language in the world. There were 6,429 courses offered in 2009-2010 by the Italian Cultural Institutes, compared to the data collected in

  9. La normativa italiana sui contratti di lavoro a tempo determinato nel settore della scuola è contraria al diritto dell’Unione: la Corte di Giustizia UE apre al risarcimento per i docenti che abbiano svolto supplenze annuali per la copertura di posti vacanti

    Arando Plaia

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available La Corte di Giustizia UE con sentenza 26 novembre 2014, cause riunite C-22/13, C-61/13, C-62/13, C-63/13, C-418/13, Mascolo, ha ritenuto che la normativa europea sul lavoro a tempo determinato, applicabile anche al settore pubblico della scuola (casi Rosado Santana, Marrosu Sardino e Adelener, osta ad un sistema di assunzione per svolgere “supplenze annuali” nelle scuole pubbliche che non prevede almeno una delle seguenti “misure di prevenzione”: l’indicazione delle “ragioni oggettive” che giustificano il rinnovo dei contratti; la determinazione della “durata massima totale dei contratti” o del “numero dei loro rinnovi”, in assenza peraltro di una misura sanzionatoria proporzionata, effettiva e dissuasiva, da applicarsi in caso di utilizzo abusivo di successione di contratti a tempo determinato (clausola 5 dell’accordo quadro 18 marzo 1999 allegato dir. 1999/70/CE. Sebbene dunque il settore dell’insegnamento implichi inevitabilmente una certa “flessibilità”, e la normativa europea non enunci un obbligo generale degli Stati membri di prevedere la sanzione della trasformazione dei contratti di lavoro a tempo determinato in contratti a tempo indeterminato (CGUE 3 luglio 2014, Fiamingo, causa C-362/13, la normativa italiana non prevede misure atte a “prevenire” o “sanzionare” l’utilizzo abusivo di successione di contratti a tempo determinato. Questo (e non altro il principio di diritto affermato dalla Corte di giustizia: la sentenza ribadisce l’assenza di misure di prevenzione imposte dalla disciplina europea nonché di una sanzione risarcitoria rispetto al ricorso abusivo ai contratti a tempo determinato nel settore scolastico.

  10. Fisica dello stato solido

    Bassani, Franco

    2000-01-01

    Il volume è un manuale introduttivo allo studio delle proprietà dei materiali cristallini. Mentre gli argomenti trattati sono quelli tipici di un testo di base (diffrazione, bande elettroniche, fononi, proprietà di trasporto, metalli e semiconduttori, proprietà ottiche e magnetiche...), caratteristica peculiare di questa opera che la differenzia da analoghi manuali in lingua italiana e inglese è l'uso intensivo delle proprietà di simmetria dei sistemi in studio ricavate dalla teoria dei gruppi.

  11. Time and representation. The impolitic Italian criticism on Carl Schmitt´s ideas. / T iempo y rep resentación. La crítica impolítica italiana al pensamiento de Carl Schmitt

    Guillermo Bialakowsky

    2011-01-01

    This paper aims to study the impolitic answer of contemporary Italian philosophy on Carl Schmitt´s theory of representation. First, we will examine his stance on this topic, particularly on his writings during Weimar Republic. We will therefore focus on his distinction between the technical-economic normativity of the Vertretung and the truly political and existential Repräsentation. After this analysis, we will follow the traces of the impolitic philosophy on this subject in the work of Mass...

  12. LE PAROLE DELL’IDENTITA’: GLI ITALIANI VISTI DAI “NUOVI MILANESI”

    Andrea Groppaldi

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available La lingua dei “nuovi italiani” (in questo caso “nuovi milanesi” è lingua nuova, che si avvale di prestiti dalle lingue d’origine e li innesta in quella italiana. Ma è una lingua curiosa che si avvale anche di espressioni gergali, dialettismi, forme insolite e colorate che appartengono alla lingua non-ufficiale italiana. Esamina così un consistente numero di forme linguistiche tra italiano, dialetto, gerghi, prestiti e frasi idiomatiche, tratti in gran parte dagli autori che hanno partecipato al convegno. Nell’ultima parte del saggio prende in esame l’uso dei nomi e la loro funzione (talora di gabbia nel processo di integrazione delle varie etnìe.  Words of identity: italians viewed by the “new milanesi” The language of “new Italians” (in this case “new Milanesi” is a new language, which uses loans from the languages of origin and adds them to the Italian language. It is a curious language which also uses jargon, dialects, colorful and unusual forms that are part of the non-official Italian language. The paper examines a large number of linguistic forms between Italian, dialect, slang, idioms and loans, collected by the authors who participated in the conference. The last part examines the use of nouns and their function (sometimes like a cage in the integration process of the various ethnic groups.

  13. Energy saving actions in the Italian industry : An analysis on the energetic and environmental consequences; Interventi di razionalizzazione energetica nell`industria italiana analisi delle ricadute energetico-ambientali

    Di Franco, N [ENEA, Centro Ricerche Casaccia, Rome (Italy). Dip. Energia; Faberi, S [ISIS, Istituto di Studio per l` Informatica e i Sistemi, Rome (Italy)

    1996-08-01

    In this work the consequences of an energetic diagnoses campaign, lead by ENEA in about 600 small-medium Italian factories, have been analysed. The goal of the study is to determine the amount of global energy saving that the national industry can achieve, and, in addition, to specify the most efficacious actions for every productive field. Besides economic and energetic savings, positive environmental consequences owing to energetic diagnoses have been considered. Payback times, in spite of low present prices of energy, are interesting (about 2/3 years for the most important enterprises). Global energy savings have been calculated; they show an amount of about 6-8 Mtep per year, that corresponds to 20-27 % of total energetic consumptions of Italian industry.

  14. Juegos marciales en las ciudades italianas antes del Renacimiento: entre fiesta y «deporte» = Martial Games in Italian Cities before the Renaissance: Between Pageant and «Sport»

    Pablo Martín Prieto

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available En el presente artículo se pasa revista a algunos de los ejemplos más característicos y significativos de juegos competitivos de actividad física que se celebraban en las ciudades del centro y norte de Italia en tiempos medievales. Se contempla si tales juegos pueden ser considerados como «deportes» en el sentido más general y habitual del término (en su acepción contemporánea, así como se examina su relación con las festividades tradicionales y prácticas de entrenamiento militar ciudadano en el contexto de la vida urbana de la Italia de aquel tiempo. Una breve descripción de algunos de dichos juegos marciales ilustra su importancia social y cultural dentro de este contexto.This study examines some of the most characteristic and significant examples of competitive physical games that took place in the cities of the centre and the north of Italy in the Middle Ages. The article assesses if these games can be considered sport in the general sense of the term (according to modern usage, as well as consider its relationship with traditional festivities and military training activities in the context of urban life in the Italy of that time. A brief description of certain martial games will demonstrate its social and cultural importance in this context.

  15. Approssimazione all’edizione italiana della Cronica generale d’Hispagna et del regno di Valenza di Pere Antoni Beuter (Venezia, Gabriele Giolito de’ Ferrari, 1556: l’esemplare della “Biblioteca Civica” di Verona

    Paola Bellomi

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Riassunto: Il presente saggio si propone come una prima approssimazione allo studio dell’edizioneitaliana della Cronaca generale d’Hispagna et del regno di Valenza di Pere Antoni Beuter, pubblicatanel 1556 a Venezia da Gabriele Giolito de’ Ferrari nella traduzione dello spagnolo Alfonso deUlloa. Quest’opera storiografica si inserisce in un contesto culturale importantissimo come quellodella Venezia del Cinquecento, particolarmente effervescente nel campo dell’editoria con figure diprim’ordine come Giolito e Ulloa. Il saggio si divide in tre momenti: il primo è costituito da unabreve introduzione sull’opera di Beuter e sulla traduzione di Ulloa; il secondo presenta la schedacatalografica dell’esemplare conservato presso la Biblioteca Civica di Verona; infine il terzo esponesinteticamente i contenuti della Cronaca.Parole chiave: Pere Antoni Beuter, Alfonso de Ulloa, Gabriele Giolito de’ Ferrari, Cronaca generaled’Hispagna et del regno di ValenzaAbstract: This essay is an approximation to the study of the the Italian edition of Pere AntoniBeuter’s Cronica generale d’Hispagna et del regno di Valenza, translated by the Spaniard Alfonso de Ulloa and published in Venice in 1556 by Gabriele Giolito de’ Ferrari. This chronicle is part of a majorcultural context, that of the Venice of the XVI century, very active in the emerging publishingbusiness with personalities such as Giolito and Ulloa. The essay is divided into three sections: 1. ashort introduction about the author and the translator; 2. the analytic description of the copy ofthe «Biblioteca Civica di Verona»; 3. the summaries of the contents of the Cronaca generale.Keywords: Pere Antoni Beuter, Alfonso de Ulloa, Gabriele Giolito de’ Ferrari, Cronaca generaled’Hispagna et del regno di Valenza, Biblioteca Civica di Verona

  16. La editorial Ricordi y su aportación a la publicidad italiana de principios del siglo XX / The publisher Ricordi and his contribution to the Italian advertising early twentieth century

    Rut Francia Ferrero

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available El objeto de estudio de la presente investigación es el nacimiento de las campañas publicitarias gráficas orquestadas por la fructífera colaboración entre empresarios, editores e ilustradores entre los siglos XIX y XX en Italia. El estudio se centra en la Casa Editorial Ricordi porque fue la creadora e impulsora del moderno cartel artístico y publicitario italiano, con un vasta producción de ejemplares, hoy considerados obras maestras del género. La etapa de oro del cartel italiano coincide, no por casualidad, con el predominio técnico y artístico de esta empresa en Italia que nada tenía que envidiar a sus competidoras francesas (como la prestigiosa Imprimerie Chaix parisina, tan querida por Jules Chéret, alemanas o inglesas. El período analizado (1890-1914 es el de mayor actividad y esplendor artístico en las artes gráficas. Son los años de los primeros pasos en el campo de la publicidad. Como en todos los comienzos, abundan las ideas, la energía, la ingenuidad y las ganas de experimentar. Es un tiempo lleno de cambios: la transformación económica, social e industrial que vivió Europa en un lapso tan corto de  tiempo es probablemente la mayor de su historia.The purpose of this research is the birth of graphic advertising campaigns orchestrated by the fruitful collaboration between employers, publishers and illustrators between the nineteenth and twentieth centuries in Italy. The study focuses on the Ricordi publishing house because it was the creator and driving force of the modern Italian poster art and advertising with a vast production of copies, today considered masterpieces of the genre. The golden age of Italian poster coincides, not coincidentally, with the technical and artistic dominance of this company in Italy that had nothing to envy their French competitors (including the prestigious Paris Imprimerie Chaix, so beloved by Jules Cheret, German or England. The period analyzed (1890-1914 is the most active and

  17. immaginazioni dell'aldilà nella narrativa italiana dal secondo ...

    User

    Alla luce di queste considerazioni appare naturale che gli autori presi in considerazione, immaginando l'aldilà nei termini fin qui osservati, riducendo spesso al minimo i confini tra vita e morte, descrivano la condizione dei defunti come uno stato di sradicamento molto simile, se non identico, allo stato di solitudine moderna.

  18. La campagna elettorale inglese e italiana in prima pagina

    Anna Vita Bianco

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract – This paper examines the front pages of four printed newspapers (The Guardian, The Times, Corriere della Sera and la Repubblica on the first day of the general election campaign in 2005 in the UK (4th April and the Italian campaign in 2006 (11th February. The aim is to show first of all how the positioning of elements (i.e. pictures, cartoons, headlines, articles and even advertisements, on the left and on the right of the page, or in the upper or lower sections is not at random and in fact conveys specific information. Secondly, it will also illustrate how words, images and colours on the same page bond with each other by means of a common theme or “topic of the day” suggested by the newspaper itself. The second part of this work, instead, focuses on the language of the headlines (and their articles adopted on the front pages of the four dailies during both the 2005 and 2006 election campaigns in the UK and in Italy respectively and how they are designed to affect and influence their readers, who are, after all, prospective voters.Keywords: newspapers, front page, headlines, topic, election campaign.

  19. La Somalia coloniale: una storia ai margini della memoria italiana

    Michele Pandolfo

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The historical connection between Somalia and Italy was born in the second half of the XIX century, when Italy showed for the first time interest in the Horn of Africa. Following the establishment of the first colony, the Eritrea, Italians settled along the coast of Somalia and built trading outposts. The effective control of the whole colony came only with the fascist regime, through a harsh military repression. At the end of the Second World War, the United Nations entrusted to Italy a special protectorate over the country: the Italian Fiduciary Government of Somalia (Trust Territory of Somalia.

  20. Antonio Boggeri. Considerazioni su un protagonista della grafica italiana

    Camilla Chiappini

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Antonio Boggeri is often remembered in the history of graphics only as the Studio Boggeri’s holder. Indeed he is one of the most important figures of Italian advertising graphics and this not for the works he materially made in this field but for his centrality in the Studio he created: in fact he was the unifying element in it among artists of different personality and sensibility.This article does not pretend to explain in a comprehensive manner his importance but it wants to represent a starting point in a research that reconsiders all round Boggeri. Not only, therefore, for his central role in the Studio, but even for his important contribution as a writer and as a photographer, compensating, in part, the lack of works that fully analyze his figure.

  1. La differenza italiana. Comunità ed Esilio

    Remo Bodei

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The Italian thought is a philosophy of impure reason, which takes into account the conditions, imperfections and possibilities of the world. The core of his tradition consists in a civil vocation, choosing as objects of investigation life, history and politics, in search of “the effective truth of things” (Machiavelli. The audience of the italian philosophers are not the specialists, but all their compatriots, as well as everyone else. That also because they are often exiles, from Giordano Bruno to Antonio Gramsci, with a cosmopolitian vocation. Thus the question of the “common”, thematized by the contemporary italian philosophy, reverse itself in that of the “goodbye to community”, and to the irreversible past

  2. Surgical treatment of the squamous cell carcinoma of tongue and floor of mouth: pos-operative radiotherapy effect; Tratamento cirurgico do carcinoma epidermoide de lingua e soalho de boca localmente avancado: efeito da radioterapia pos-operatoria

    Amar, Ali; Curioni, Otavio Alberto; Higuchi, Sergio T.; Rapoport, Abrao [Hospital Heliopolis (HOSPHEL), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil). Dept. de Cirurgia da Cabeca e Pescoco e Otorrinolaringologia]. E-mail: lalitos@terra.com.br

    2003-08-01

    Assessment of the postoperative irradiation effectiveness for improvement local control of squamous cell carcinoma of tongue and floor of the mouth in stages III and IV. Study Design: clinical retrospective. Material and Method: a retrospective case-series of 72 patients with squamous cell carcinoma of tongue and floor of mouth who underwent surgery. The local control rate was assessed in front of stage, surgical margins and postoperative radiotherapy. Results: local recurrences were diagnosed in 28 (38%) patients. Only T stage and lymph node metastases were related to recurrences in the primary site. Control of disease in the primary site was achieved in 80% of pn patients and postoperative radiotherapy didn't show any effect in this group. Conclusion: advanced local disease without lymph node metastases can be treated with surgery only. (author)

  3. The Moral Reasoning of U.S. Evangelical and Mainline Protestant Children, Adolescents, and Adults: A Cultural-Developmental Study.

    Jensen, Lene Arnett; McKenzie, Jessica

    2016-01-01

    This cultural-developmental interview study examined moral reasoning in relation to religious culture (evangelical, mainline Protestants), age (children, adolescents, adults), and moral issue (public, private; N = 120). Compared to adolescents and adults, children used more Ethic of Autonomy and less Ethic of Community reasoning. With age, differences between religious cultures became pronounced. Mainline adults invoked an Ethic of Divinity for private issues. Evangelical adolescents and adults used this ethic frequently, but more for public than private issues. These and other findings indicate that evangelical and mainline Protestants diverge on what should be society's moral lingua franca, and cast new and nuanced light on America's "culture wars." Results furthermore highlight comodulation of development and culture that requires life course research on moral reasoning. © 2015 The Authors. Child Development © 2015 Society for Research in Child Development, Inc.

  4. L’USO DELLE COLLOCAZIONI: DUE GRUPPI DI APPRENDENTI A CONFRONTO

    Luca Scinetti

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Le collocazioni svolgono un ruolo importante nella comunicazione linguistica e diverse ricerche ne hanno sottolineato la rilevanza nell’ambito dell’apprendimento e della padronanza di una L2, in particolare per il fatto che le collocazioni non hanno equivalenti formali immediati nelle varie lingue. Allo scopo di studiare la differenza d’uso delle collocazioni tra parlanti una L1 e apprendenti una L2, nell’ambito di un corso di lingua italiana all’Università di Amsterdam si è svolta una ricerca su un gruppo di composto da 18 parlanti italiano come madrelingua (da qui in avanti identificati come PL1 e un gruppo di studenti formato da 39 parlanti nativi di lingua olandese apprendenti l’italiano come L2 (da qui in avanti identificati come AL2. Oggetto di questo contributo è l’analisi dell’uso delle collocazioni condotta su un corpus di dati formato di testi autentici prodotti dai due diversi gruppi di parlanti.  Use of collocations: comparing two groups of learners Collocations play an important role in linguistic communication and various studies have emphasized their importance in learning and mastering an L2, since collocations have no evident equivalents in other languages. In order to study the difference in using collocations between L1 speakers and L2 learners in an Italian language course at the University of Amsterdam, a study was carried focused on a group of 18 native Italian speakers (PL1 and a group of 39 native Dutch Italian L2 learners (AL2. This paper analyzes the use of collocations in a corpus of data based on authentic texts produced by the two different groups of speakers.

  5. Lingua franca in Central Europe after the Disappearance of German

    Snel, G.

    2012-01-01

    This chapter discusses a multilingual community of writers and intellectuals who gathered around the idea of a Central European culture in the 1980s, during the last decade of the Cold War. Czesław Miłosz, Danilo Kiš, Milan Kundera, György Konrád and others advocated the idea of a Central European

  6. Etimologia in una lingua pianificata (Etymology in a Planned Language).

    Minnaja, Carlo

    2002-01-01

    Discusses the fifth volume of the "Etimologia Vortaro de Esperanto" (Etymological Dictionary of Esperanto). The dictionary provides not only the etynom of each Esperanto term, but also the etymology of the ethnic language words from which the editor derived the terms in question. (Author/VWL)

  7. Advice-giving in the English lingua franca classroom

    important pragmatic differences between the ways in which advice is given by native speakers and ... gender differences and that teacher modeling may have an effect on which available form of advice-giving a ... nation wishes to participate in global enterprises such as international finance, multi-national corporations, and ...

  8. Lingua(gem sob duas perspectivas teóricas

    Lidiomar José Mascarello

    2010-02-01

    Destacaremos nesse breve percurso teórico dois olhares possíveis para esse fenômeno, a língua(gem, que é tão natural e ao mesmo tempo tão complexo de ser explicado e entendido. De um lado, questões psíquicas individuais, como um processo evolutivo que opera em escala de tempo e que depende da maturação dos processos neurais e de toda rede neuronial e da capacidade inata do sujeito, ou seja, uma visão com tendências mais cognitivista, e por outro, da exposição à interação sócio-ambiental, de cunho interacionista, pois, acreditamos que são complementares e não restritivas ou excludentes.

  9. La codificazione della lingua montenegrina. Storia di un’idea

    Andrea Trovesi

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Andrea Trovesi The Codification of Montenegrin. The History of an Idea On July 30th, 2009 in the Republic of Montenegro the Pravopis crnogorskoga jezika [Orthography of the Montenegrin language] and the Rječnik crnogorskoga jezika (pravopisni rječnik [Dictionary of the Montenegrin language (orthographic dictionary] came into being. This fact sanctioned the offi cial birth, not only nominal, of the Montenegrin language which differs from Bosnian/Bosniak, Croatian and Serbian. The aim of the article is to illustrate the new orthography of the Montenegrin language and to delineate how the idea of an independent Montenegrin language came alive. Firstly, the main stages of the discussion in favour of a Montenegrin language are illustrated. Secondly, a recapitulation of the arguments deployed in order to demonstrate the diversity of the Montenegrin language from Serbo(Croatian is offered. Finally, a description of the innovations introduced by the orthographic reform is presented.

  10. Meta 2: Lingua Franca Design and Integration Language

    2011-08-01

    Banca Intesa/San Paolo. He was the founder and Scientific Director of the Project on Advanced Research on Architectures and Design of Electronic...34Platform-Based Design and Frameworks: Metropolis and Metro II" in Model-Based Design for Embedded Systems, Boca Raton, Fl: CRC Press , Taylor and

  11. "O Mundo da Lingua Portuguesa," a Supplementary Cultural Lesson.

    Kennedy, James H.

    The text of a classroom lesson on the distribution and use of the Portuguese language in African countries, written in Portuguese and containing an explanation of and practice in using the definite article with African place names, is presented. The lesson is accompanied by vocabulary notes in the margin, a list of questions on the text, and a mpa…

  12. Il teatro di lingua tedesca tra Restaurazione e Naturalismo

    Rita Svandrlik

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This article outlines the development of nineteenth-century theatre from a sociological viewpoint, in particular, focusing on the coming of age of the Wiener Volkstheater under the direction of Raimund and Nestroy, as well as with the staging of works by playwrights as different from each other as Grabbe, Grillparzer and Büchner. All three of them, from different angles, tackled the historical genre as well as the problem of theatre seen in a new light. However, it was not their plays that were successful during the period of the Restoration but rather grand scale historical dramas on familiar themes by mostly forgotten playwrights, often translations and adaptations of French and Classical works. In the decades that followed the Revolution of 1848, in which fiction was the dominant literary genre, Hebbel renovated tragedy as form, whereas Wagner went on to reform theatre at all levels.

  13. La lingua letteraria in Ucraina: ieri e oggi

    Giovanna Brogi Bercoff

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available The Question of Literary Language in Ukraine in Past and Present In the last few years the “language question” has gained momentum in the scholarly debate and social life in Ukraine. The Author suggests that multilingualism, as an expression of multiculturalism, is a distinctive feature of Ukraine through all its historical developement. On the basis of evidence drawn from texts of the 17th-18th centuries (epistolography, panegyric literature the Author aims at showing that multilingualism was one of the main characters distiguishing Ukraine from the Russian tradition; multilingualism testified to the close ties between Ukrainian culture and western Renaissance and Baroque, at the same time contributing to the creation of original literary forms with peculiar features. For the 19th century it is impossible to consider Kyiv’s culture without taking into account the contribution given by writers and intellectuals who used Russian language. While Kyiv was certainly a Ukrainian city, its culture exhibited different linguistic and cultural layers (Ukrainian, Russian, Jewish, Polish, German that coexisted both in parallel streams and in reciprocal contacts. To reconstruct the peculiar and very complicated “Kyivan text” of culture in the 19th-beginning 20th century is one of the main desiderata for future research. The multilingual tradition – with its positive and negative characteristics – cannot be ignored in contemporary civil and scientific work. However, in our days Ukrainian language has reached such a high level of developement and perfect modern functionality that its use and universal diffusion in public and private life is a priority for the future developement of Ukraine and its culture. The existence of an extremely interesting literature and a lively cultural life makes Ukrainian a prestigious literary language, a perfect means of communication for private and state life. The Ukrainian government should give its strongest support for the consolidation of Ukrainian language, for the developement of Ukrainian-language literature, press and mass-media, and for the diffusion of knowledge about Ukrainian language and culture in European countries. The prestige of a nation is increased also by the image a country succeeds in transmitting to other countries, a fact which – in its turn – contributes to the strengthening of internal stability and self-consciousness.

  14. Un precedente de la ocupación italiana de Libia. La expedición naval de las Dos Sicilias contra Trípoli en 1828 y el tratado de paz napolitano- tripolino del mismo año, a través de la documentación diplomática española

    Juan B. VILAR

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: A comienzos del siglo XIX sobrevivían en los estados musulmanes del norte de África algunas prácticas poco compatibles con el derecho internacional occidental tales como el corso indiscriminado contra la navegación mercante, el cautiverio y rescate de cristianos, y el sistema de regalos o compra de la paz mediante un tributo preceptivo. Entre esos países se hallaba la Regencia turca de Trípoli, regida desde 1711 por bajáes autónomos de la familia Caramanli. Sin embargo tres expediciones enviadas contra Trípoli por los Estados Unidos, Gran Bretaña y Piamonte-Cerdeña en 1804-1805, 1816 y 1825 lograron la abolición de tales prácticas en relación con esos tres estados y sus países protegidos. El Reino de las Dos Sicilias, sin duda el estado italiano más afectado por las depredaciones tripolinas en razón de su proximidad geográfica, quiso obtener similares resultados mediante una expedición naval contra ese país enviada en agosto de 1828. Sin embargo la empresa no tuvo éxito y Nápoles tuvo que negociar a través de Francia una paz poco ventajosa. El presente estudio se fundamenta en un amplio abanico de fuentes manuscritas, impresas y bibliográficas de diversa procedencia (italianas y francesas fundamentalmente, pero sobre todo aporta una visión nueva de la cuestión de referencia a través de fuentes españolas inéditas. Palabras clave: Dos Sicilias, Trípoli, Libia, Francia, Nápoles, Mediterráneo, 1828, comercio, corso y piratería, relaciones internacionales. ABSTRACT: At the beginning of the XIXth c., in the Muslim estates of Northern Africa, there were some old practices left, such as the piracy practice, the captivity- rescue of Christians or the tribute systems to guarantee peace. Among those countries, it is worth mentioning the Turkish Regency of Tripoli, ruled by the autonomous «bajaes» of the Caramanli family. However, three expeditions against Tripoli sent by the USA, the U.K. and Piamonte-Cerdeña in

  15. Italiano a São Paulo: lingua materna, etnica, o lingua straniera da imparare e da insegnare? Come insegnarla?

    Loredana Caprara

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available O italiano no Brasil, de língua materna e étnica, torna-se cada vez mais língua estrangeira a ser aprendida em cursos formais, escolas e universidades. Coloca-se o problema da formação adequada, cultural e lingüística dos professores, à qual os cursos universitários atuais reservam, a nosso ver, um número insuficiente de horas aula. Pensa-se na possibilidade de ampliar informalmente a oferta de aulas complementares para proporcionar uma melhor assimilação lingüística e cultural, mediante conversação e leitura, e chegar, assim, a um ensino mais amplo e rico.

  16. New light on R.E.G. Pichi Sermolli’s plants from the Lake Tana expedition in 1937 – an important collection from Ethiopia at the Centro Studi Erbario Tropicale (FT)

    Friis, Ib

    2015-01-01

    At the age of 24, R.E.G. Pichi Sermolli (1912–2005) travelled to Ethiopia as botanist on the Missione di Studio al Lago Tana, staying in Eritrea and Ethiopia from early January to late April 1937. The expedition was organized by the Centro Studi per l’Africa Orientale Italiana under the Reale...... Accademia d’Italia and resulted in 2649 collections of flowering plants. During the subsequent years of war, Pichi Sermolli had no time for his Ethiopian collections, but in 1947 he was able to identify them on visits to Geneva, Paris, Kew and London. Erbario Tropicale (FT) received the first set...

  17. Gli studi provenzali nel percorso critico di Cesare De Lollis

    Diego Stefanelli

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available L’intervento indaga l’attività di provenzalista di Cesare De Lollis. Sulla scia dell’opera del maestro Ernesto Monaci essa si concentrò inizialmente sull’edizione di codici provenzali e sullo studio dei primordi della provenzalistica nell’umanesimo italiano. Seguì l’edizione dell’opera di Sordello (1896 che innescò un’aspra polemica con Francesco Torraca, da collocarsi nel contesto della querelle tra critica estetica ed erudita. In seguito, la letteratura dei trovatori fu studiata da De Lollis nel suo rapporto con quella italiana. Ripercorrendo i suoi principali interventi di materia provenzale posteriori all’edizione di Sordello, si dimostra come proprio dal confronto tra le due letterature De Lollis individuò una  linea (che dagli ultimi provenzali arrivava fino a Dante, passando per gli stilnovisti e Guittone caratterizzata dal primato della forma. Tale linea fu fondamentale per l’elaborazione di una delle idee forti della critica dello studioso, la dialettica tra tradizione letteraria codificata e margini di libertà espressiva degli autori in essa operanti, che sarà alla base dei Saggi sulla forma poetica italiana dell’Ottocento.The article focuses on Cesare De Lollis’ studies on Occitan Litterature. At first, following Ernesto Monaci’s example, he worked on the editions of Occitan codes and he studied the beginnings of Occitan philology during the Italian Umanesimo. In 1896 he published the critical edition of Sordello, entering into debate with Francesco Torraca: this debate has to be set in the context of the querelle between critica estetica e critica erudita, that was very strong in Italy at the end of XIX century. After the Sordello’s edition, De Lollis studied the relationship between Occitan and Italian Litterature and he identified a poetic tradition (the last troubadours, Guittone, the stilnovisti, Dante, characterized by the importance of the forma. He focused also on the dialectic between a

  18. Temel Söz Varlığı Bağlamında Türkçe Ve Almancada En Sık Kullanılan Elli Eylemin Söz-Eylem Kuramı Çerçevesinde Dil-Yapısal Ve Kültürel Açıdan Karşılaştırılması Basic Vocabulury In Context Comparison Of Perspective Lingua-Structure And Culture Most Frequently Used Fifty Actions In Turkish And German In The Frame Of Statement-Action Theory

    Faik KANATLI

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available It is a common point linguists and language trainers agree on thatbasic vocabulary plays a determinant role in both native and secondlanguage acquisition and teaching. Another point on which thosescientists agree is that language acquisition and teaching is also anacquisition and teaching of culture. By leading aforementionedassumptions, in this study, most frequently used fifty verbs in Turkishand German will be classified according to statement-action theory andcompared in terms of lingua-structure and culture. Through thecomparison based on frequency and statement-action theory, this studyaims to make inferences that will probably contribute to both teachingGerman to Turkish speaker as a foreign language and teaching Turkishto German speaker as a foreign language. The study will be built ondata from Tschirner 2008 and Ozkan 2012. Correspondence and noncorrespondencebetween Turkish and German will be interpreted andjustified in most frequently used first fifty verbs.Main thesis of the study is that determination and comparison ofmost frequently used fifty verbs in native and foreign language will beeffective in teaching basic vocabulary gradually through action focusedgrammar (Valanzgrammatik. Another emphasis of the study is thatsequencing of first fifty verbs reflects the cultural priority of nativespeakers. Findings and inference of the study Turkish education,Turkish education as a foreign language and foreign language educationis expected to contribute. Findings and inference will be based onprogressive teaching of the word. In this regard, this study may resolvesome of the shortcomings in the literature. Gerek birinci gerek ikinci dil edinimi ve öğretiminde temel söz varlığının belirleyici bir rol oynadığı dilbilimci ve dil eğitimcilerinin ortaklaştığı noktadır. Söz konusu bilimcilerin görüş birliği içinde olduğu bir başka nokta, dil edinimi ve öğretiminin aynı zamanda bir kültür edinimi ve öğretimi oldu

  19. FEDERICO BORROMEO E I «RAGIONAMENTI» INTORNO ALLA «FESTA DELLE LINGUE»

    Edoardo Buroni

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Figura di spicco della Milano secentesca, il cardinale Federico Borromeo resta legato nell’immaginario collettivo al personaggio del capolavoro manzoniano, mentre più limitati e più recenti sono gli studi che ne hanno analizzato direttamente l’ampia produzione scrittoria. Particolare interesse rivestono in questo senso i Sacri ragionamenti, le prediche tenute dall’arcivescovo e da lui stesso raccolte in lingua italiana, di cui qui si propone un breve studio relativamente alle omelie pentecostali. «Reasoning» regarding the «festival of languages» in 17th century Milan. Notes on the thought and language of Federico Borromeo A leading figure in 17th century Milan, Cardinal Federico Borromeo remains tied to the character in Manzoni's masterpiece in the collective imagination, while fewer, more recent studies have directly analyzed his written production. Of special interest in this regard are his Sacred writings, the sermons given by the Archbishop which he himself collected in Italian. We propose a brief study of the Pentecostal sermons.

  20. Studiar L'inglese dalle elementari--Problema europeo: Una proposta nuova della pedagogia cibernetica (Beginning the Study of English in the Elementary School Grades--A European Problem: A New Proposal from Cibernetic Education).

    Chiti-Batelli, Andrea

    1986-01-01

    Warns the European community of the dangers of accepting English as the international language and urges the adoption of Esperanto, a neutral language without its own cultural tradition, as the international lingua franca. (CFM)

  1. La coesione in italiano e in russo: alcune tendenze nell’espressione dei rapporti di caratterizzazione

    Edyta Bocian

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available L’obiettivo dell’articolo è quello di analizzare i mezzi metaforici esistenti nella lingua italiana volti a verbalizzare le emozioni. L’analisi è stata effettuata ricorrendo alla teoria cognitiva della metafora di Lakoff e Johnson su un corpus che consta di risorse metaforiche convenzionali presenti nei dizionari italiani monolingue. Nello specifico si è cercato di delineare un quadro della concettualizzazione emotiva in italiano, riflettendo su problematiche quali i domini origine adoperati, i possibili limiti posti alla concettualizzazione, nonché l’immagine linguistica che scaturisce dalle emozioni.

  2. Management of patients with cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIED) undergoing radiotherapy: A consensus document from Associazione Italiana Aritmologia e Cardiostimolazione (AIAC), Associazione Italiana Radioterapia Oncologica (AIRO), Associazione Italiana Fisica Medica (AIFM).

    Zecchin, Massimo; Severgnini, Mara; Fiorentino, Alba; Malavasi, Vincenzo Livio; Menegotti, Loris; Alongi, Filippo; Catanzariti, Domenico; Jereczek-Fossa, Barbara Alicja; Stasi, Michele; Russi, Elvio; Boriani, Giuseppe

    2018-03-15

    The management of patients with a cardiac implanted electronic device (CIED) receiving radiotherapy (RT) is challenging and requires a structured multidisciplinary approach. A consensus document is presented as a result of a multidisciplinary working group involving cardiac electrophysiologists, radiation oncologists and physicists in order to stratify the risk of patients with CIED requiring RT and approaching RT sessions appropriately. When high radiation doses and beam energy higher than 6MV are used, CIED malfunctions can occur during treatment. In our document, we reviewed the different types of RT and CIED behavior in the presence of ionizing radiations and electromagnetic interferences, from the cardiologist's, radiation oncologist's and medical physicist's point of view. We also reviewed in vitro and in vivo literature data and other national published guidelines on this issue so far. On the basis of literature data and consensus of experts, a detailed approach based on risk stratification and appropriate management of RT patients with CIEDs is suggested, with important implications for clinical practice. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  3. The Project Method as Practice of Study Activation

    Fazlyeva, Zulfiya Kh.; Sheinina, Dina P.; Deputatova, Natalia A.

    2016-01-01

    Relevance of the problem stated in the article is determined by new teaching approach uniting the traditional teaching experience with that of the modern information technologies, all being merged into a new course of the computer lingua-didactics (the international term of which is "Computer Assisted Language Learning" (CALL) or…

  4. Gli studi di Enrico Cerulli su Dante

    Andrea Celli

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Nel 1949 lo studioso di lingue semitiche Enrico Cerulli pubblicò un volume, intitolato Il “Libro della scala” e la questione delle fonti arabo-spagnole della Divina Commedia, che segnò gli studi danteschi, per lo meno per quanto riguarda il dibattito sulle fonti arabo-islamiche del medioevo europeo. Le ricerche di Cerulli su Dante si presentavano come una analisi di fatti di trasmissione culturale. Ma l’autore si era già affermato, nella prima parte della sua carriera, in un più controverso ambito di competenze: alto funzionario dell’amministrazione coloniale italiana e vice-governatore dell’Africa Orientale Italiana, è stato rilevante studioso di lingue del Corno d’Africa, cioè le lingue delle colonie italiane. Questo saggio vuole connettere gli studi danteschi di Cerulli alle responsabilità coloniali e post-coloniali dell’autore, attraverso la ricostruzione della sua biografia intellettuale. Difatti, da queste ricerche Cerulli ricavò il concetto di unità della civiltà mediterranea, formula di evidente valore politico in rapporto all’Italia del secondo dopoguerra. Il saggio prova a offrire anche uno stato dell’arte del dibattito attuale sulle fonti arabe di Dante.  In 1949, Enrico Cerulli, an Italian scholar of Ethiopic-Semitic languages, published a volume entitled The “Book of the Ladder” and the Problem of Divine Comedy’s Arabic-Spanish Sources, which was to become a landmark in the discussion on the knowledge held by medieval Europe of Arabic-Islamic culture. His investigation was an analysis of cases of cultural transmission. However, Cerulli had established himself during the first half of his career in a more controversial domain: he was a senior official of Italian colonial administration and he was already well known as an expert of Italian colonies’ languages and traditions. This essay, through a survey of Cerulli’s intellectual biography, aims to bridge his research on Dante and his involvement

  5. L2 and L3 integrated learning

    Hazel, Spencer; Wagner, Johannes

    2015-01-01

    This study offers an empirical account of the use of English in Danish-as-aforeign- language classroom settings. We will refer to English as the lingua franca – which in itself is a second language for the majority of the participants in the data – and to Danish as the target language. We conside...... implications of lingua franca interaction in target language classroom interactions, and show how in sequences where participants orient to linguistic issues in the target language, for example grammatical forms or lexical items, they often do this with reference to the lingua franca....

  6. Enhancing Comprehensibility among ELF users

    Wilang, Jeffrey Dawala; Teo, Adisa

    2012-01-01

    The predicted widespread use of English as a lingua franca following ASEAN's 2015 integration mushroomed intelligibility studies between and among Asean nationals including Bruneians, Burmese, Cambodians, Filipinos, Indonesians, Laotians, Malaysians, Singaporeans, Thais and Vietnamese. Previous studies regarding ASEAN nationals' intelligibility…

  7. Egidio Calzini (1857-1928 e gli studi di storia dell'arte in Romagna e nelle Marche tra XIX e XX secolo / Egidio Calzini (1857-1928 and the studies of art history in Romagna and Marche regions between the 19th and the 20th centuries

    Francesco De Carolis

    2016-06-01

    The paper aims to discover the career and the critical profile of Egidio Calzini, an art historian who actively contributed to the study of the artistic heritage in Romagna and Marches between 19th and 20th century. Following a diachronic order of his studies, the research underlines both his relationship with the rest of scholars of that time, examining unpublished sources, and his best discoveries, analyzing his publications. From the monography on Marco Palmezzano (1894 to direction of the specialized journal titled «Rassegna bibliografica dell’arte italiana» (1898-1916, the article defines his personality, who contributes to the period of the art history in which started the current features of the discipline, both about conservation and  research studies.

  8. Translating Jane Austen’s Mansfield Park for contemporary Italian readers

    Simona Sangiorgi

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract - My Italian translation of the novel Mansfield Park by Jane Austen was published by Rusconi Libri in 2012. The present contribution aims to describe and discuss some aspects of my practical experience in translating this novel. A particular focus will be on the issue of what it means, from both the cultural and the literary point of view, to translate this book into Italian in the 21st century, and on the strategies I adopted in order to translate certain aspects of the author’s language and style. Riassunto - Nel 2012 è stata pubblicata la mia traduzione in lingua italiana del romanzo Mansfield Park di Jane Austen. Il presente contributo intende osservare e discutere alcuni elementi culturali e linguistici legati al processo traduttivo di questo testo, con particolare riferimento a due principali questioni. La prima riguarda il significato stesso del tradurre in lingua italiana l’opera di Jane Austen nel ventunesimo secolo, sia dal punto di vista culturale che letterario. La seconda questione entra nel merito delle strategie traduttive che ho scelto per rendere specifici aspetti del linguaggio e dello stile propri dell’autrice inglese.

  9. "English?--Oh, It's Just Work!": A Study of BELF Users' Perceptions

    Kankaanranta, Anne; Louhiala-Salminen, Leena

    2010-01-01

    With the increasing number of business professionals operating globally, knowledge of successful English lingua franca in business contexts (BELF) has become an important element in overall business know-how. Here, we report on a research project focusing on everyday BELF communication at work. It consists of an extensive survey, and related…

  10. Intercultural awareness and intercultural communication through English: an investigation of Thai English language users in higher education

    Baker, William

    2009-01-01

    Over the previous few decades there has been an increased emphasis on the cultural aspects of English language teaching. However, in settings where English is used as a global lingua franca the cultural associations of the language are complex and the role culture plays in successful communication has yet to be extensively investigated. To conduct such a study it is necessary to explicate the role and nature of English in global contexts and particularly how English functions as a lingua f...

  11. Discurso e prática religiosa nas Comunidades Eclesiais de Base italianas e brasileiras: um estudo comparativo com base na teoria da mudança social de Max Weber (Speech and religious practice in the Basic Ecclesial Communities in Italy and Brazil

    Marinete Luzia Francisca de Souza

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo é uma reflexão sobre  o discurso e a prática nas comunidades Eclesiais de Base no Brasil e na Itália. Buscamos demonstrar, a partir de uma pesquisa empírica e teórica, as relações entres duas Comunidades Eclesiais de Base, a Comunidade San Paolo (Roma-IT e a Prelazia de São Félix (Mato Gross-BR, demonstrando que estas baseiam-se em dois elementos: resultam das discussões  advindas do Concílio Vaticano II e estão fortemente ligadas a seus líderes. E, ainda, que tais comunidades ligam-se por fortes laços simbólicos. Este fato permitiu-nos concluir  que a Teologia da Libertação empenhou-se em promover mudanças sociais e em criar um corpo simbólico que a corroborasse. Tais análises foram sustentadas pela teoria da transformação social de Max Weber e, ainda, pelos estudos  de Karl Mannheim e de  Glock e Stark. Palavras-chaves:Transformação social, Teologia da Libertação, prática, discurso. Abstract This study is a reflection of the discourse and practice on the Basic Ecclesial communities in Brazil and Italy. We try to show, from an empirical and theoretical research, the relations between two Christian Base Communities: the San Paolo Community (Rome – IT and the Prelature of São Félix (BR – Mato Grosso, based on two factors: the result of discussions arising out of Vatican II, and the strong link to its leaders. Such communities bind by strong symbolic ties that really allowed us to conclude that Liberation Theology endeavored to promote social changes and to create a symbolic body that corroborates it. Such analysis was supported by the theory of social transformation of Max Weber, by the studies of Karl Mannheim and Glock and Stark. Keywords: Social Transformation; Liberation Theology, Practice, Discourse.

  12. Creation and Dissemination of Local Knowledge in Small Family Firms: The Case of Wine Canteens from the Quarta Colônia de Imigração Italiana, in Rio Grande do Sul Http://Dx.Doi.Org/10.5585/Riae.V10i2.1735

    Alisson Eduardo Maehler

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available The article performed a study of multiple cases that involved interviews with owners of three canteens of wine production, located in the region of “Quarta Colônia de Imigração Italiana”, central area of the Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. This research aimed to analyze the influence of location, proximity and social relations in the processes of creation and transfer of local knowledge. It was conducted semi-structured interviews with owners of canteens, which are in the same municipality and in the same location, a few kilometers of each other. Results highlight that the geographical proximity per se is not sufficient for knowledge to be created, transmitted and maintained in a given locality. Particularly in the case of handicraft products such as wine, which involves a large portion of tacit knowledge, the establishment of social relations and family is a necessary condition for knowledge to be created, shared and saved. However, a series of problems have been observed and analyzed in the locality, which makes that knowledge restrained to some families and not maintained over time. As an example, wine production knowledge is essentially tacit and not codified; the indifference of younger generations regarding the knowledge base of the elderly; weak interactions and knowledge sharing among winemakers.

  13. Triagem de hemoglobinopatias em doadores de sangue de Caxias do Sul, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil: prevalência em área de colonização italiana Screening for hemoglobinopathies in blood donors from Caxias do Sul, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil: prevalence in an Italian colony

    Cristina Lucia Alberti Lisot

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available A alta prevalência de beta-talassemia em italianos e a participação dos mesmos na formação étnica da cidade de Caxias do Sul e arredores, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil, conduziram-nos à investigação de hemoglobinopatias em uma amostra de 608 doadores de sangue do Hemocentro Regional de Caxias do Sul. Apesar da influência étnica, encontramos 1,81% de hemoglobinas anormais (0,16% Hb AC, 0,99%, Hb AS e 0,66% Hb AH, um padrão similar com o estudo do interior do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul para alterações qualitativas. Para as talassemias, as técnicas mais comuns, cruzadas com seqüenciamento de DNA, em nossas mãos, não foram capazes de esclarecer anormalidades quantitativas da hemoglobina. Esse resultado pode ser atribuído a alterações genéticas ainda não conhecidas, a limitações técnicas ou, mais simplesmente, à miscigenação.The high prevalence of beta thalassemia among Italians and their participation in the ethnic formation of Caxias do Sul, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil, and neighboring cities prompted us to investigate hemoglobinopathies in 608 blood donors at the Caxias do Sul Regional Blood Center. Despite the ethnic influence, abnormal hemoglobin levels were found in only 1.81% of the donors (0.16% Hb AC, 0.99% Hb AS, and 0.66% Hb AH, similar to the levels observed in a study on qualitative disorders conducted in the rural area of Rio Grande do Sul. In our setting, the most commonly used screening tests for thalassemia, combined with DNA sequencing, were unable to detect quantitative hemoglobin synthesis disorders. This may be attributable to still-unknown genetic disorders, technical limitations, or simply to miscegenation.

  14. Propuesta pedagógica de las Exploradoras y las Guías italianas

    Bosna, Valeria Vittoria Aurora; Rodríguez, María Luisa García

    2011-01-01

    El escultismo, movimiento juvenil iniciado en 1907 en Inglaterra porRobert Baden Powell, tiene como fin para sus miembros femeninoshacer descubrir a las chicas y a las mujeres jóvenes su lugar en elconjunto de seres de la creación, prepararlas para realizar su vocaci-ón manteniéndose fieles a la Ley y a la Promesa scouts, y dirigirlashacia una presencia activa en la comunidad. El mensaje de BadenPowell ha recibido distintas interpretaciones al ser mirado desde di-ferentes perspectivas, a trav...

  15. “Questa donna dal viso netto e gioioso”: Simone de Beauvoir e la stampa italiana

    Clotilde Bertoni

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available Proseguiamo la riscoperta di Simone de Beauvoir iniziata nel numero precedente: questa volta ripresentiamo due sue interviste dimenticate uscite nel 1959 e nel 1961 sul “Giorno” e su “Paese Sera”.

  16. Algunas reflexiones sobre la novela de la emigración italiana en Argentina

    Silvana Serafin

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Por ser una de las metas migratorias que gran parte de los emigrantes italianos eligieron, Argentina constituye un importante punto de referencias culturales, fruto de una evidente 'transculturación'. La amplia cantidad de publicaciones sobre el tema migratorio facilita la localización de referencias ejemplares, por la variedad de situaciones presentadas y por la relación privilegiada entre emigrante, entorno e historia. Eso permite entrar en la dialéctica permanente de una nueva construcción cultural y social que se basa en la identidad múltiple.

  17. Los Principios Rectores de la Política Educativa Italiana Contemporánea

    Elisa Gavari Starkie

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo ofrece una revisión de las prioridades educativas de los gobier-nos desde la creación del Estado liberal italiano hasta la actualidad. Tras una breve introducción, el artículo se centra en la reforma de la secundaria inferior inspirada en el principio de igualdad de oportunidades que tuvo lugar en 1962. Sin embargo esta reforma no se acompañó de reformas en los niveles superiores de la secundaria. A partir de mediados de los años 70, en plena crisis económi-ca, el principio de igualdad de oportunidades sigue vigente pero surge la preo-cupación por la calidad educativa. Esta nueva exigencia ha inspirado la apro-bación de reformas tales como la de la administración; concesión de la autonomía, reformas universitarias etc. El punto de inflexión más importante se produce en la década de los noventa cuando se aprueban numerosas refor-mas que tiene como prioridad diversificar la enseñanza con el fin de que nadie abandone el sistema educativo sin obtener una cualificación e introducir el aprendizaje y formación a lo largo de la vida en el sistema educativo italiano

  18. L'evoluzione dell'economia italiana 1960-1965. Un'analisi strutturale

    G. RAMPA

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The article outlines the salient features of the structural evolution of the Italian economy in recent decades, using the information deduced from the input-output tables. First,a brief summary of the evolution of the uses of intermediate inputs in the period 1960-1985 is provided. Some possible interpretations of this evolution are then offered, comparing them with those contained in previous works. The authors then evaluate the evolution of energy technology in greater detail. The effects of changes in intermediate technology, as well as in relative prices, on the distribution of value added are considered. The trends in the coefficients of services inputs are then considered explicitly, linking them to the recent debate on outsourcing. Finally the authors show how the structure of Italian sectoral interdependence, together with that of CEE countries, has contributed to increasing foreign dependence.  JEL Codes: N34 

  19. ¡Puro gringo! Perfiles de la inmigración italiana en las colonias santafesinas

    Adriana Cristina Crolla

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available La radicación de italianos en las llanuras del interior argentino tuvo perfiles particulares, en especial en la pampa santafesina, gracias al impacto de las políticas provinciales en la distribución de la tierra. Política que permitió la fundación de “colonias”, el trazado de una impresionante red de vías férreas y de caminos que hicieron cambiar sustancialmente los modos y fluencias en las comunicaciones y regulaciones económicas, culturales y sociales de la región y del país. El factor extranjero hace que se sancione el nombre “Pampa Gringa” (en sustancia “habitada por extranjeros” a la zona (la que también comprende al este de Córdoba. Y por extensión, dada su masividad numérica, “gringo” al italiano. Apelativo que hoy día define orgullosamente la identidad de sus habitantes, descendientes en un 70% de aquel aluvión itálico. El trabajo propone un breve recorrido histórico, un análisis de los alcances del término y su emergencia en la literatura argentina y local.

  20. El Cid en la ópera italiana (siglo XVIII) : génesis y trayectorias

    López Verdejo, Miguel

    2016-01-01

    Esta Tesis de Doctorado surge del interés por dos ámbitos de estudio bien diferenciados, la Literatura y la Música, pero que tienen la capacidad de confluir de diferente modo, dando lugar a expresiones artísticas muy concretas. Una de ellas, la canción, es sin duda la forma musical más extendida en la actualidad. Otra, lo es la ópera, que constituye un espectáculo con una historia apasionante y que hoy en día sigue atrayendo a críticos e investigadores. La bibliografía en español sobre la ...

  1. Ai margini della cittadinanza: le detenute dopo l’Unità italiana (1860-1915

    Mary Gibson

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available This article explores the gendered nature of the Italian prison system after unification in 1860. Despite its liberal and secular principles, the new Italian parliamentary state left penal institutions for women and girls in the control of religious orders of nuns. While the state instituted a series of reforms for male prisons during the first fifty years after unification, it ignored the deplorable conditions for female inmates. This failure to secularize female prisons denied women the “negative right” to equal punishment and constituted one of the many ways in which women were denied full citizenship in united Italy.

  2. Documento sobre a imigração italiana em Ribeirão Preto

    Brasil Bandecchi

    1967-12-01

    Full Text Available O documento que divulgamos pelas páginas desta Revista, intei-ramente inédito, nos foi cedido pelo dr . Francisco de Carvalho Soa-res Brandão Neto e pertence à sua irmã, que tem relações de paren-tesco com a família de Rodrigo Silva (Rodrigo Augusto da Silva, a quem o ofício é dirigido e que era, ao tempo, Ministro da Agri-cultura .

  3. Cucine nazionali a confronto. I percorsi della cucina italiana in Gran Bretagna

    Daniele Tricarico

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available The article is focused on the arrival of Italian cuisine in Great Britain from a historical and an anthropological perspective. The cultural motivations of the success Italian food has achieved abroad, particularly in Great Britain, and connects the concept of food to the idea of regional and national identity. Alimentary habits are important for people's sense of cultural and social affiliation, and they change continuously. Attention is given to the stereotypes associated to Italy and it's food, and these stereotypes' impact on foreign consumers in the past and in the present.

  4. La Corte costituzionale torna protagonista dei processi di transizione della politica ecclesiastica italiana?

    Angelo Licastro

    2016-07-01

    ABSTRACT: The present essay analyses the impact of the 2016 Constitutional Court judgements n. 52 and n. 63 on the very “identity”of Italian Ecclesiastical Law, which is characterized by the principles of secularism, equal freedom of religious denominations and by a system of agreements aimed at regulating the specifities of the different religious groups. According to the Author, because of the inactivity of the Legislator, the Constitutional Court is compelled to play a substitute role in searching a satisfactory balance between all these elements and the very settlement of some basic trends in Ecclesiastical Law, as such a subject has to face increasingly new challenges and emerging problems in the management of the religious factor.

  5. La Seconda Intifada nella stampa italiana: la crisi della Basilica della Natività a Betlemme

    Arturo Marzano

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper intends to analyze the way the Italian press reported one of the most sensitive events of the Second Intifada, the siege to the Nativity Church in Bethlehem of April-May 2002. In particular, it aims at investigating whether and to what extend the identified press used a 'nexus' between anti-Zionism and anti-Semitism. In some of the articles and of the cartoons published on the Italian newspapers and journals, it is possible to identify stereotypes coming from an anti-Jewish 'archive', that has been combining different discourses, from the Catholic anti-Judaism, to the racial and the political anti-Semitism, both right-wing and Marxist, up to the current anti-Israeli and anti-Zionist positions.

  6. ¿Crisis del positivismo jurídico? Dos respuestas italianas: Zagrebelsky y Scarpelli

    Ansuátegui Roig, Francisco Javier

    1993-01-01

    SUMARIO: 1. Introducción.- 2. La concepción del Derecho de Gustavo Zagrebelsky: ¿una alternativa al positivismo jurídico?: a) El Estado constitucional y el positivismo jurídico, b) Los derechos y el Derecho, c) Los principios y el Derecho, d) Sobre el positivismo jurídico y las tradiciones de derechos.- 3. Uberto Scarpelli y la renovación del positivismo jurídico: a) Una definición explicativa, crítica y política del positivismo jurídico, b) La revisión del positivismo jurídico de...

  7. Vestite alla turchesca. Travestimenti orientali nella drammaturgia italiana e francese tra Sei e Settecento

    Stefano Agostino Moretti

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Da secoli il Mar Mediterraneo rappresenta un confine tra due mondi. Gli orientalisti li chiamavano e continuano a chiamarli mondo “arabo” e mondo “cristiano”. Questo contributo vuole mostrare come, in tempi non sospetti, l’Italia rappresentasse un ponte tra queste due culture. Grazie agli strumenti della storiografia contemporanea, attenta alla vita quotidiana e agli “archivi del corpo”, scopriamo che durante il XVI e il XVII secolo gli incontri tra musulmani e cristiani fossero molto frequenti e spesso felici. Il teatro comico italiano fu il genere letterario che, prima e meglio di ogni altro, riuscì a cogliere e a descrivere tale fenomeno con tutte le implicazioni politiche, religiose e identitarie, restituendone in pieno uno degli elementi sovente sottaciuti e censurati, ovvero la perturbante carica erotica del “diverso”. Uno degli espedienti che riassumono con maggiore efficacia questo  rapporto identitario e culturale è rappresentato dall’uso del travestimento. Paragonando alcune commedie italiane della prima metà del Seicento con il teatro “orientalista” di Bonarelli, Molière e Goldoni, possiamo osservare la nascita e la crescita di una visione stereotipata e libresca dell’altro, là dove i “panni turcheschi” generavano negli spettatori paura e desiderio.

  8. La Resistenza Italiana (1943-45 e la sua memorialistica nella Classificazione Decimale Dewey

    Andrea Guerri

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available This article defines the main features of the Italian Resistance, and their representation in the conceptual scheme of DDC, and aims to give them a more precise classification as there is an ever-growing literary warrant. It also examines personal accounts relating to the Italian Resistance: diaries, letters, papers and memories. Since the post-war period, these unique and important documents have become the object of historical research and extensive publication.

  9. Open Data nella Pubblica Amministrazione italiana: l’esperienza del Comune di Firenze

    Giovanni Menduni

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The City of Florence, Italy, has been carrying out a large data integration and consolidation process since 2003, that was even more improved and targeted to an open and federated approach during 2009. Results of such a process are now being exploited in several current hot eGovernment fields, among which business intelligence, and, more recently, the open data movement. During the year 2011, the City of Florence lead an internal structured assessment process in which each department named an open data referee, and was called to analyse which available public datastores were eligible to be opened up in a suitable website section. The first Open Data section of the City of Florence website was published in October 2011, to which followed the publication of RDF scheme, and SPARQL endpoint for the three above datasets. In February 2012, a brand-new specific open data portal was published, whose main sections were the dataset catalogue, the "Open data for all" section, with human-readable data visualisations, the Linked Data section, and the GeoPortal section, giving access to geospatial data through a standard catalogue and a portal which are based on the open source GeoNetwork and GeoServer projects.

  10. The role of indigenous traditional counting systems in children's development of numerical cognition: results from a study in Papua New Guinea

    Matang, Rex A. S.; Owens, Kay

    2014-09-01

    The Government of Papua New Guinea undertook a significant step in developing curriculum reform policy that promoted the use of Indigenous knowledge systems in teaching formal school subjects in any of the country's 800-plus Indigenous languages. The implementation of the Elementary Cultural Mathematics Syllabus is in line with the above curriculum emphasis. Given the aims of the reform, the research reported here investigated the influence of children's own mother tongue (Tok Ples) and traditional counting systems on their development of early number knowledge formally taught in schools. The study involved 272 school children from 22 elementary schools in four provinces. Each child participated in a task-based assessment interview focusing on eight task groups relating to early number knowledge. The results obtained indicate that, on average, children learning their traditional counting systems in their own language spent shorter time and made fewer mistakes in solving each task compared to those taught without Tok Ples (using English and/or the lingua franca, Tok Pisin). Possible reasons accounting for these differences are also discussed.

  11. A Corpus of Young Learners' English in the Baltic Region--Texts for Studies on Sustainable Development

    Sundh, Stellan

    2016-01-01

    In order to reach far in the work for sustainable development, communication in foreign languages prior to strategic decisions is required from international partners. In this communication English has become the lingua franca. Even though the use of EFL (English as a foreign language) is widely spread, it is clear that in some geographical…

  12. Designing LinguaBytes : a tangible language learning system for non- or hardly speaking toddlers

    Hengeveld, B.J.

    2011-01-01

    Technological advances are moving the field of industrial design towards intelligent products, systems and services. Today we, designers, have the possibility to create environments that are aware of, and responsive to our actions, needs and wishes. As such we are getting closer to what is commonly

  13. Il latino come lingua di comunicazione tra le case religiose nelle Terre Ceche

    Bobková, Kateřina

    2017-01-01

    Roč. 32, č. 2 (2017), s. 321-331 ISSN 0515-3190 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GA14-05167S Institutional support: RVO:67985963 Keywords : religious orders * narrative sources * communication * spoken Latin * vernacular languages * 17th–18th century * Czech Lands Subject RIV: AB - History OBOR OECD: History (history of science and technology to be 6.3, history of specific sciences to be under the respective headings)

  14. Percezione della città di Palermo: quartieri, giovani, identità, lingua e dialetto

    Christoffersen, Andreas W

    2005-01-01

    Italiensk, Palermo, Sicilien, perceptual dialectology, sociolingvistik, dialekt, sprogholdning, sprog, identitet, unge......Italiensk, Palermo, Sicilien, perceptual dialectology, sociolingvistik, dialekt, sprogholdning, sprog, identitet, unge...

  15. A INTERDISCIPLINARIEDADE EM OPERAÇÕES DE BEBIDAS E LINGUA INGLESA

    Gleice Sousa

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available A atividade proposta é uma introdução a coquetelaria, considerando um evento que já é realizada no IFG – Campus Goiânia, uma parceria entre as professoras de Operações de Bebidas e Língua Inglesa. As professoras desenvolvem uma atividade com alunos do curso de hotelaria quando estão no quarto período. O objetivo da aula é que os docentes vivenciem o uso da língua inglesa na produção de coquetéis, sendo na “mise en place”, organização do material que vai ser utilizado, ou na preparação e montagem das bebidas. No projeto, é analisado o uso do conhecimento teórico na execução da apresentação dos coquetéis em inglês .

  16. “Le parole che vengono da fuori”: i forestierismi nella lingua cinese contemporanea

    Alessandro Tosco

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available This article explores how the words of foreign origin (loanwords, in Chinese wailaici are integrated in the modern and contemporary Chinese language. The phenomenon of the introduction of the loanwords in Chinese has become more and more productive, specially in the last thirty years. Over the time the Chinese language has devised many strategies to integrate foreign words; most of the words of Japanese origin are introduced as graphic loans, while the words introduced by Western languages (specially English are integrated as phonemic loans, loan-translations, semantic loans, or hybrid words. In recent years, many loanwords and neologisms have been created by using the language of the network, as the acronyms written in Latin letters.

  17. La città scrive: "détournements" nella cultura contemporanea di lingua francese

    Silvia Riva

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The marks of the events on the urban landscape are a city's writing. More than writings on a city - amongst which are the memorable work of Baudelaire, the ";flâneur";, and Apollinaire's Lettre-Océan -  they represent the analysis of the city that writes on its own texture. This phenomenon relies on a procedure of diversion and estrangement which turns famous places into uncommon areas and it finds amongst its founding models the cinematographic production of Francois Truffaut (Fahrenheit 451. A similar approach allows us to capture the significance of the work of Dominique Fourcade, one of the most important contemporary French poets. In MW Chute, a  poem dated 5th October 2001, he describes the horror of the collapse of New York City's twin towers. In this piece, Fourcade describes what happened to him on 9/11 not much from a man's perspective but rather from . a poetic standpoint. Ground Zero allows his writing to jump forward, and turn into a verbal city and labyrynth. His reflections on the urban landscape  which, collapses under the explosion become a map of dispersed images made of innumerabile détournements (detour aheads, of endless variants and deviations. The event becomes the model and shape of his writing.

  18. Linguaggio e corpo delle emozioni. Dewey, Nussbaum e la lingua di Saba

    Roberta Dreon

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The essay aims at drawing a comparison between Dewey’s theory of emotions and Nussbaum’s one, focusing the role of «corporeity» in human experience of emotions. Both the theories  are empirical verified by examinig a short story by Umberto Saba, Ernesto, wich the Roberta Dreon assumes as pertinent example of a narrative, literary way to express emotions.

  19. R as a Lingua Franca: Advantages of Using R for Quantitative Research in Applied Linguistics

    Mizumoto, Atsushi; Plonsky, Luke

    2016-01-01

    In this article, we suggest that using R, a statistical software environment, is advantageous for quantitative researchers in applied linguistics. We first provide a brief overview of the reasons why R is popular among researchers in other fields and why we recommend its use for analyses in applied linguistics. In order to illustrate these…

  20. Anglofonia globale, subalternità culturale e progetti di dissoluzione della lingua nel sistema formativo italiano

    Generali, Dario

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Global anglophony, cultural subordination and projects of language dissolution in the Italian education system. This article points out the risks associated with the proliferation of courses taught in English language in the Italian universities and high schools. This policy, argues the author, is not adequate to solve the problem of the lack of knowledge of foreign languages by Italian students and, on the other hand, it threatens to de-qualify the teaching of non-linguistic disciplines. A further deterioration of higher education in Italy seems to be the predictable outcome.

  1. Eesti keeleuuenduse ja itaalia "questione della lingua" paralleelid ja põimumised / Daniele Monticelli

    Monticelli, Daniele, 1970-

    2009-01-01

    Itaalia keele korraldamisel ja uuendamisel osalenud teadlaste ja kirjanike retoorikast, argumenteerimise strateegiatest ja keelekorralduse teoreetilistest alustest, kõrvutades neid eesti keeleuuenduse analoogsete aspektidega

  2. Importanza della diversità diatopica nell’insegnamento della lingua spagnola come L2

    Silvia Lafuente

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The syncretic cultural identity, in which the Spanish language and its linguistic hegemony are grounded and have reflected its political hegemony, led Spain to take on a predominant role in standardization over the centuries. However, the present situation of the Spanish language is characterized by pluricentrism covering the vast territory in which the language is spoken. This means that a number of cen- ters have set up prestigious standard models providing norms for a country or region. Therefore, a fair enactment of this polycentrism requires national norms, different ways of codification of the Spanish language, answers to geographical and social forms which have split after a common departure and the idea that the varieties of the Spanish language fulfill speakers’ different expressive requirements and help to enhance national identities, in the face of the domination of the peninsular model. This point of view must guide linguistic research, methodology in lexicography, school grammar, translation of foreign languages and especially the teaching of Spanish as L2.

  3. Instrumentos em Lingua Brasileira de Sinais para avaliacao da qualidade de vida da populacao surda

    Neuma Chaveiro

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Construir a versão em Língua Brasileira de Sinais dos instrumentos WHOQOL-BREF e WHOQOL-DIS para avaliar a qualidade de vida da população surda brasileira. MÉTODOS: Utilizou-se metodologia proposta pela Organização Mundial da Saúde (WHOQOL-BREF e WHOQOL-DIS para a construção dos instrumentos adaptados para população surda em Língua Brasileira de Sinais (Libras. A pesquisa para execução do instrumento consistiu de 13 etapas: 1 criação do sinal qualidade de vida; 2 desenvolvimento das escalas de respostas em Libras; 3 tradução por um grupo bilíngue; 4 versão reconciliadora; 5 primeira retrotradução; 6 produção da versão em Libras a ser disponibilizada aos grupos focais; 7 realização dos grupos focais; 8 revisão por um grupo monolíngue; 9 revisão pelo grupo bilíngue; 10 análise sintática/semântica e segunda retrotradução; 11 reavaliação da retrotradução pelo grupo bilíngue; 12 filmagem da versão para o software; 13 desenvolvimento do software WHOQOL-BREF e WHOQOL-DIS em Libras. RESULTADOS: Características peculiares da cultura da população surda apontaram a necessidade de adaptações na metodologia de aplicação de grupos focais quando compostos por pessoas surdas. As convenções ortográficas da escrita das línguas sinalizadas não estão consolidadas, o que trouxe dificuldades em registrar graficamente as etapas de tradução. As estruturas linguísticas que causaram maiores problemas de tradução foram as que incluíram expressões idiomáticas do português, muitas sem conceitos equivalentes entre o português e a Libras. Foi possível construir um software do WHOQOL-BREF e WHOQOL-DIS em Libras. CONCLUSÕES: O WHOQOL-BREF e o WHOQOL-DIS em Libras possibilitarão que os surdos se expressem autonomamente quanto a sua qualidade de vida, o que permitirá investigar com maior precisão essas questões.

  4. English as a Lingua Franca in Nordic Corporate Mergers: Two Case Companies

    Louhiala-Salminen, L.; Charles, M.; Kankaanranta, A.

    2005-01-01

    The article is based on findings from research into communication and language use in two international corporations, both formed as a result of a merger between a Swedish and a Finnish company. A questionnaire was sent to representatives of each case company, focusing on language use, communication practices, and cultural views. Using some of the…

  5. Asimmetrie L1/L2: una sfida nella didattica di “lingua e traduzione”.

    Laura Salmon

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Asymmetries Between L1 and L2: a Challenge in the Teaching of "Language and Translation" Language teaching is deeply connected to the cognitive and brain sciences. The attribution of meaning of linguistic messages depends on the interaction between the communicant’s brain and the external world. The interaction is based on the cognitive and emotional experience shared by a L-community. Competence in L2 is acquired by the development of an internal data base of contextualised .units of living speech. (Lurija 1976. L2 teaching is particularly successful when the L2 units are inscribed in memory by means of the functionally equivalent L1 units. Selection of the L1/L2 correspondent units is due to the principle of markedness: each unit of L1 has a functional equivalent in one and only one unit of the L2. Because of the interlingual asymmetries (a set of Italian/Russian examples is given, functional equivalence differs from morphosyntactic and lexical equivalence. The competency in ascribing a degree of markedness to each linguistic unit needs the regular implicit acquisition of the L2 intonational and prosodic system; the processes of the metalinguistic conscious reflection are instead a .hindrance. to the procedural acting of a “living speaker”.

  6. Pilot study on microvascular anastomosis: performance and future educational prospects.

    Berretti, G; Colletti, G; Parrinello, G; Iavarone, A; Vannucchi, P; Deganello, A

    2017-11-30

    The introduction of microvascular free flaps has revolutionised modern reconstructive surgery. Unfortunately, access to training opportunities at standardised training courses is limited and expensive. We designed a pilot study on microvascular anastomoses with the aim of verifying if a short course, easily reproducible, could transmit microvascular skills to participants; if the chosen pre-test was predictive of final performance; and if age could influence the outcome. A total of 30 participants (10 students, 10 residents and 10 surgeons) without any previous microvascular experience were instructed and tested during a single 3 to 5 hour course. The two microanastomoses evaluated were the first ever performed by each participant. More than the half of the cohort was able to produce both patent microanastomoses in less than 2 hours; two-thirds of the attempted microanastomoses were patent. The pretest predicted decent scores from poor performances with a sensitivity of 61.5%, specificity of 100%, positive predictive value of 100% and negative predictive value of 40%. Students and residents obtained significantly higher scores than surgeons. Since our course model is short, cost-effective and highly reproducible, it could be introduced and implemented anywhere as an educational prospect for preselecting young residents showing talent and natural predisposition and having ambitions towards microvascular reconstructive surgery. © Copyright by Società Italiana di Otorinolaringologia e Chirurgia Cervico-Facciale.

  7. Low incidence but poor prognosis of complicated coeliac disease: a retrospective multicentre study.

    Biagi, Federico; Gobbi, Paolo; Marchese, Alessandra; Borsotti, Edoardo; Zingone, Fabiana; Ciacci, Carolina; Volta, Umberto; Caio, Giacomo; Carroccio, Antonio; Ambrosiano, Giuseppe; Mansueto, Pasquale; Corazza, Gino R

    2014-03-01

    Coeliac disease is a chronic enteropathy characterized by an increased mortality caused by its complications, mainly refractory coeliac disease, small bowel carcinoma and abdominal lymphoma. Aim of the study was to study the epidemiology of complications in patients with coeliac disease. Retrospective multicenter case-control study based on collection of clinical and laboratory data. The incidence of complicated coeliac disease was studied among coeliac patients directly diagnosed in four Italian centres. Patients referred to these centres after a diagnosis of coeliac disease and/or complicated coeliac disease in other hospitals were therefore excluded. Between 1/1999 and 10/2011, 1840 adult coeliac patients were followed up for 7364.3 person-years. Fourteen developed complications. Since five patients died, at the end of the observation period (10/2011), the prevalence of complicated coeliac disease was 9/1835 (1/204, 0.49%, 95% CI 0.2-0.9%). The annual incidence of complicated coeliac disease in the study period was 14/7364 (0.2%, 95% CI 0.1-0.31%). Although complications tend to occur soon after the diagnosis of coeliac disease, Kaplan-Meier curve analysis showed that they can actually occur at any time after the diagnosis of coeliac disease. Complications of coeliac disease in our cohort were quite rare, though characterised by a very high mortality. Copyright © 2013 Editrice Gastroenterologica Italiana S.r.l. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  8. The Use of Hungarian and Serbian in the City of Szabadka/Subotica : An Empirical Study

    Siarl Ferdinand

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available In this study Ferdinand and Komlosi analyze the use of Hungarian and Serbian in the city of Szabadka/Subotica, which is located in the Serbian region of Northern Vajdaság/Vojvodina. A mostly Hungarian speaking city for centuries, Szabadka/Subotica suffered the strong pro-Serbian language policy implemented by the Yugoslavian government from the end of the First World War until the dismantlement of Yugoslavia in the 1990s, which gave Hungarian and other local minority languages a second chance to survive. Nowadays, Szabadka/Subotica is home to two main language groups, southern Slavic languages such a Serbian and Croatian (over sixty per cent and Hungarian (thirty three per cent. Although Ferdinand and Komlosi employed official figures from the Serbian censuses to determine the size of each group, the situation of each language was mapped through empirical observation of language use in informal conversations, in official signage, and in permanent as well as temporary commercial signage. The results show that the role of Serbian (mostly written in Latin script is dominant in almost all spheres of public life and as a lingua franca among various groups. Nevertheless, Hungarian maintains a strong presence in the city, especially in the center and in its northwestern districts. In this paper, Ferdinand and Komlosi aim to contribute to a better general understanding of group dynamics in bilingual settings and, specifically, to provide a clearer view of the language situation in one of the Hungarian-speaking regions lost by the historic Kingdom of Hungary after World War I.

  9. Prevalence of chronic pancreatitis: Results of a primary care physician-based population study.

    Capurso, Gabriele; Archibugi, Livia; Pasquali, Piera; Aceti, Alessandro; Balducci, Paolo; Bianchi, Patrizia; Buono, Francesco; Camerucci, Stefano; Cantarini, Rosanna; Centofanti, Sergio; Colantonio, Patrizia; Cremaschi, Riccarda; Crescenzi, Sergio; Di Mauro, Caterina; Di Renzi, Davide; Filabozzi, Andrea; Fiorillo, Alfonso; Giancaspro, Giuseppe; Giovannetti, Paola; Lanna, Giuseppe; Medori, Claudio; Merletti, Emilio; Nunnari, Enzo; Paris, Francesca; Pavone, Marco; Piacenti, Angela; Rossi, Almerindo; Scamuffa, Maria Cristina; Spinelli, Giovanni; Taborchi, Marco; Valente, Biagio; Villanova, Antonella; Chiriatti, Alberto; Delle Fave, Gianfranco

    2017-05-01

    Data on chronic pancreatitis prevalence are scanty and usually limited to hospital-based studies. Investigating chronic pancreatitis prevalence in primary care. Participating primary care physicians reported the prevalence of chronic pancreatitis among their registered patients, environmental factors and disease characteristics. The data were centrally reviewed and chronic pancreatitis cases defined according to M-ANNHEIM criteria for diagnosis and severity and TIGAR-O classification for etiology. Twenty-three primary care physicians participated in the study. According to their judgment, 51 of 36.401 patients had chronic pancreatitis. After reviewing each patient data, 11 turned out to have definite, 5 probable, 19 borderline and 16 uncertain disease. Prevalence was 30.2/100.000 for definite cases and 44.0/100.000 for definite plus probable cases. Of the 16 patients with definite/probable diagnosis, 8 were male, with mean age of 55.6 (±16.7). Four patients had alcoholic etiology, 5 post-acute/recurrent pancreatitis, 6 were deemed to be idiopathic. Four had pancreatic exocrine insufficiency, 10 were receiving pancreatic enzymes, and six had pain. Most patients had initial stage and non-severe disease. This is the first study investigating the prevalence of chronic pancreatitis in primary care. Results suggest that the prevalence in this context is higher than in hospital-based studies, with specific features, possibly representing an earlier disease stage. Copyright © 2016 Editrice Gastroenterologica Italiana S.r.l. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  10. New Italian Languages | Romeo | Italian Studies in Southern Africa ...

    Scrivendo in italiano, queste autrici aspirano ad essere accettate come parte integrante del discorso nazionale italiano – socialmente, politicamente, culturalmente, artisticamente – ed inoltre vogliono che la cultura italiana sia pronta ad accettare e comprendere le differenze presenti all'interno di una presunta omogeneità.

  11. A single-centre prospective, cohort study of the natural history of acute pancreatitis.

    Cavestro, Giulia Martina; Leandro, Gioacchino; Di Leo, Milena; Zuppardo, Raffaella Alessia; Morrow, Olivia B; Notaristefano, Chiara; Rossi, Gemma; Testoni, Sabrina Gloria Giulia; Mazzoleni, Giorgia; Alessandri, Matteo; Goni, Elisabetta; Singh, Satish K; Giliberti, Aurore; Bianco, Margherita; Fanti, Lorella; Viale, Edi; Arcidiacono, Paolo Giorgio; Mariani, Alberto; Petrone, Maria Chiara; Testoni, Pier Alberto

    2015-03-01

    The natural history of acute pancreatitis is based on clinical studies that aim to elucidate the course of disease on the basis of predicted risk factors. To evaluate the long-term occurrence of recurrent acute pancreatitis and chronic pancreatitis in a cohort of patients following an initial episode of acute pancreatitis. 196 patients were enrolled consecutively and studied prospectively. Clinical characteristics, exogenously/endogenously-associated factors, and evolution to recurrent acute pancreatitis and chronic pancreatitis were analyzed. 40 patients developed recurrent acute pancreatitis 13 of whom developed chronic pancreatitis. In a univariate analysis, recurrent acute pancreatitis was associated with an idiopathic aetiology (pChronic pancreatitis was associated with a severe first episode of acute pancreatitis (p=0.048), PD (p=0.03), and cigarette smoking (p=0.038). By multivariate analysis, pancreas divisum was an independent risk factor for recurrent acute pancreatitis (OR 11.5, 95% CI 1.6-83.3). A severe first-episode of acute pancreatitis increased the risk of progressing to chronic pancreatitis by nine-fold. Special attention should be given to patients who experience a severe first attack of acute pancreatitis as there appears to be an increased risk of developing chronic pancreatitis over the long term. Copyright © 2014 Editrice Gastroenterologica Italiana S.r.l. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  12. Microblogging: quale valore per l’educazione? Presentazione per il pubblico italiano

    Filippo Bruni

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Questo numero di Form@re raccoglie, come indicato dall’editoriale di Carmen Holotescu e Gabriela Grosseck, sei interventi, tutti relativi al microblogging, in cui si documenta come a livello europeo esistano una serie di esperienze e di risorse da un lato consolidate, dall’altro in forte evoluzione. In relazione al contesto italiano, quale tipo di pratiche e di osservazioni è possibile presentare? E quali stimoli è possibile trarre per ulteriori sperimentazioni? Il prossimo numero di Form@re offrirà una versione in lingua italiana dei contributi qui proposti, ma vorrebbe essere anche l’occasione per un’ulteriore riflessione attenta alle esperienze e ai dibattiti legati al contesto italiano. In tal senso i contributi presenti in questo numero aprono e offrono delle prime risposte a tutta una serie di questioni. Provando, sia pure con una modalità fin troppo sintetica, a individuare i punti essenziali, possono essere segnalate tre domande.

  13. SP. Pescado

    Renato Gendre

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available Nell'occhiello di un articolo dal titolo Il Peru dei de[Jini rosa e de/la grande pioggia si legge: "da una partenza  in aereo al «pescado»  che ti  sfamera."1 Questa parola spagnola, giustamente chiusa tra caporali, a noi pare molto interes­ sante, perche, nonostante l'apparenza, non ha nulla da spartire sotto i1 profilo se­ mantico con l'it. pescato. lnfatti, tutti i piu importanti dizionari della lingua italiana, di ieri e di oggi, etimologici e non 2, registrano  accanto a pescata,  ii lemma pescato, 3 ma lo spiegano come "quantita di pesce catturato nel corso di una battuta o di una stagione di pesca",4 mentre lo sp. pescado  indica i1 "pesce (solo nel senso di: pesGe pescato da mangiare [...]".s

  14. Harmonization and development of resources and tools for Italian natural language processing within the PARLI project

    Bosco, Cristina; Delmonte, Rodolfo; Moschitti, Alessandro; Simi, Maria

    2015-01-01

    The papers collected in this volume are selected as a sample of the progress in Natural Language Processing (NLP) performed within the Italian NLP community and especially attested by the PARLI project. PARLI (Portale per l’Accesso alle Risorse in Lingua Italiana) is a project partially funded by the Ministero Italiano per l’Università e la Ricerca (PRIN 2008) from 2008 to 2012 for monitoring and fostering the harmonic growth and coordination of the activities of Italian NLP. It was proposed by various teams of researchers working in Italian universities and research institutions. According to the spirit of the PARLI project, most of the resources and tools created within the project and here described are freely distributed and they did not terminate their life at the end of the project itself, hoping they could be a key factor in future development of computational linguistics.

  15. Amministrare lo studio dell'italiano: l'Ufficio Scolastico del Consolato Generale d'Italia a San Paolo

    Alessandro Dell'Aira

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available Questo articolo riprende in parte una questione generale già affrontata sulla rivista, e cioè il buon uso delle tecnologie dell'informazione e della comunicazione in ambito culturale e didattico. La questione riguarda soprattutto gli stili di insegnamento/apprendimento, di formazione e di amministrazione. Ci si sofferma sullo stile di gestione di un ufficio pubblico in una situazione amministrativa atipica, esercitata su un territorio vastissimo a favore di un'utenza dislocata sul territorio in modo non omogeneo. La conclusione è che l'uso agile e sistematico della rete globale e delle tecnologie informatiche e telematiche può aiutare gli Uffici scolastici italiani all'estero a gestire in contesti complessi i principali problemi connessi con la distanza dall'Italia, sia per l'insegnamento della lingua italiana nei corsi, sia per la formazione iniziale e continua dei docenti.

  16. Conditional net survival: Relevant prognostic information for colorectal cancer survivors. A French population-based study.

    Drouillard, Antoine; Bouvier, Anne-Marie; Rollot, Fabien; Faivre, Jean; Jooste, Valérie; Lepage, Côme

    2015-07-01

    Traditionally, survival estimates have been reported as survival from the time of diagnosis. A patient's probability of survival changes according to time elapsed since the diagnosis and this is known as conditional survival. The aim was to estimate 5-year net conditional survival in patients with colorectal cancer in a well-defined French population at yearly intervals up to 5 years. Our study included 18,300 colorectal cancers diagnosed between 1976 and 2008 and registered in the population-based digestive cancer registry of Burgundy (France). We calculated conditional 5-year net survival, using the Pohar Perme estimator, for every additional year survived after diagnosis from 1 to 5 years. The initial 5-year net survival estimates varied between 89% for stage I and 9% for advanced stage cancer. The corresponding 5-year net survival for patients alive after 5 years was 95% and 75%. Stage II and III patients who survived 5 years had a similar probability of surviving 5 more years, respectively 87% and 84%. For survivors after the first year following diagnosis, five-year conditional net survival was similar regardless of age class and period of diagnosis. For colorectal cancer survivors, conditional net survival provides relevant and complementary prognostic information for patients and clinicians. Copyright © 2015 Editrice Gastroenterologica Italiana S.r.l. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  17. Differences in liver stiffness values obtained with new ultrasound elastography machines and Fibroscan: A comparative study.

    Piscaglia, Fabio; Salvatore, Veronica; Mulazzani, Lorenzo; Cantisani, Vito; Colecchia, Antonio; Di Donato, Roberto; Felicani, Cristina; Ferrarini, Alessia; Gamal, Nesrine; Grasso, Valentina; Marasco, Giovanni; Mazzotta, Elena; Ravaioli, Federico; Ruggieri, Giacomo; Serio, Ilaria; Sitouok Nkamgho, Joules Fabrice; Serra, Carla; Festi, Davide; Schiavone, Cosima; Bolondi, Luigi

    2017-07-01

    Whether Fibroscan thresholds can be immediately adopted for none, some or all other shear wave elastography techniques has not been tested. The aim of the present study was to test the concordance of the findings obtained from 7 of the most recent ultrasound elastography machines with respect to Fibroscan. Sixteen hepatitis C virus-related patients with fibrosis ≥2 and having reliable results at Fibroscan were investigated in two intercostal spaces using 7 different elastography machines. Coefficients of both precision (an index of data dispersion) and accuracy (an index of bias correction factors expressing different magnitudes of changes in comparison to the reference) were calculated. Median stiffness values differed among the different machines as did coefficients of both precision (range 0.54-0.72) and accuracy (range 0.28-0.87). When the average of the measurements of two intercostal spaces was considered, coefficients of precision significantly increased with all machines (range 0.72-0.90) whereas of accuracy improved more scatteredly and by a smaller degree (range 0.40-0.99). The present results showed only moderate concordance of the majority of elastography machines with the Fibroscan results, preventing the possibility of the immediate universal adoption of Fibroscan thresholds for defining liver fibrosis staging for all new machines. Copyright © 2017 Editrice Gastroenterologica Italiana S.r.l. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  18. Community-acquired Clostridium difficile infection in children: A retrospective study.

    Borali, Elena; Ortisi, Giuseppe; Moretti, Chiara; Stacul, Elisabetta Francesca; Lipreri, Rita; Gesu, Giovanni Pietro; De Giacomo, Costantino

    2015-10-01

    Community acquired-Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) has increased also in children in the last years. To determine the incidence of community-acquired CDI and to understand whether Clostridium difficile could be considered a symptom-triggering pathogen in infants. A five-year retrospective analysis (January 2007-December 2011) of faecal specimens from 124 children hospitalized in the Niguarda Ca' Granda Hospital for prolonged or muco-haemorrhagic diarrhoea was carried out. Stool samples were evaluated for common infective causes of diarrhoea and for Clostridium difficile toxins. Patients with and without CDI were compared for clinical characteristics and known risk factors for infection. Twenty-two children with CDI were identified in 5 years. An increased incidence of community-acquired CDI was observed, ranging from 0.75 per 1000 hospitalizations in 2007 to 9.8 per 1000 hospitalizations in 2011. Antimicrobial treatment was successful in all 19 children in whom it was administered; 8/22 CDI-positive children were younger than 2 years. No statistically significant differences in clinical presentation were observed between patients with and without CDI, nor in patients with and without risk factors for CDI. Our study shows that Clostridium difficile infection is increasing and suggests a possible pathogenic role in the first 2 years of life. Copyright © 2015 Editrice Gastroenterologica Italiana S.r.l. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  19. [Bartter syndrome, severe rare orphan kidney disease: a step towards therapy through pharmacogenetic and epidemiological studies].

    Conte, Elena; Imbrici, Paola; Sahbani, Dalila; Liantonio, Antonella; Conte, Diana

    2018-05-01

    Bartter syndromes (BS) types 1-5 are rare salt-losing tubulopathies presenting with overlapping clinical phenotypes including marked salt wasting and hypokalemia leading to polyuria, polydipsia, volume contraction, muscle weakness and growth retardation. These diseases are due to an impairment of sodium, potassium, chloride reabsorption caused by mutations in genes encoding for ion channel or transporters expressed in specific nephron tubule segments. Particularly, BS type 3 is a clinically heterogeneous form caused by mutations in CLCNKB gene which encodes the ClC-Kb chloride channel involved in NaCl reabsorption in the renal tubule. Specific therapy for BS is lacking and the only pharmacotherapy up today available is purely symptomatic and characterized by limiting side effects. The improvement of our understanding of the phenotype/genotype correlation and of the precise pathogenic mechanisms associated with BS type 3 as well as the pharmacological characterization of ClC-K chloride channels are fundamental to design therapies tailored upon patients' mutation. This mini review focused on recent studies representing relevant forward steps in the field as well as noteworthy examples of how basic and clinical research can cooperate to gain insight into the pathophysiology of this renal channelopathy, paving the way for a personalized therapy. Copyright by Società Italiana di Nefrologia SIN, Rome, Italy.

  20. Self-expandable metal stents for malignant colonic obstruction: data from a retrospective regional SIED-AIGO study.

    Di Mitri, Roberto; Mocciaro, Filippo; Traina, Mario; Montalbano, Luigi Maria; Familiari, Luigi; D'Amore, Fabio; Raimondo, Dario; Virgilio, Clara; Tarantino, Ilaria; Barresi, Luca; Giunta, Marco; Borina, Eleonora; Borruto, Antonino; Marino, Antonino

    2014-03-01

    Self-expandable metal stents are a non-surgical option for the treatment of symptomatic malignant colorectal obstruction as palliative treatment or as a bridge to surgery. To report data from a regional study on self-expandable metal stent (SEMS) placement for malignant colorectal obstruction. Two hundred and four patients (male 54.9%, mean age of 69.5 ± 14.2) were retrospectively evaluated and data on technical and clinical success, and complications, were analyzed. Technical and clinical success rates were 99% and 94.6% respectively, with 36.7% treated on an emergency basis and 63.3% electively. Palliative treatment was administered to 70.1%, and as a bridge to surgery for 29.9%. Complications were 17 neoplastic ingrowths, 10 stent migrations, and 4 perforations. Palliative treatment was associated with a higher risk of stent ingrowth (p=0.003), and chemotherapy with a lower risk of stent ingrowth (p=0.009). This regional study, although it has certain limitations, confirms the positive role of self-expandable metal stents in the treatment of symptomatic malignant colorectal obstruction, and that chemotherapy decreases the risk of ingrowth. Copyright © 2013 Editrice Gastroenterologica Italiana S.r.l. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  1. Conformable covered versus uncovered self-expandable metallic stents for palliation of malignant gastroduodenal obstruction: a randomized prospective study.

    Lim, Sun Gyo; Kim, Jin Hong; Lee, Kee Myung; Shin, Sung Jae; Kim, Chan Gyoo; Kim, Kyung Ho; Kim, Ho Gak; Yang, Chang Heon

    2014-07-01

    A conformable self-expandable metallic stent was developed to overcome the limitation of previous self-expandable metallic stents. The aim of this study was to evaluate outcomes after placement of conformable covered and uncovered self-expandable metallic stents for palliation of malignant gastroduodenal obstruction. A single-blind, randomized, parallel-group, prospective study were conducted in 4 medical centres between March 2009 and July 2012. 134 patients with unresectable malignant gastroduodenal obstruction were assigned to a covered double-layered (n=66) or uncovered unfixed-cell braided (n=68) stent placement group. Primary analysis was performed to compare re-intervention rates between two groups. 120 patients were analysed (59 in the covered group and 61 in the uncovered group). Overall rates of re-intervention were not significantly different between the two groups: 13/59 (22.0%) in the covered group vs. 13/61 (21.3%) in the uncovered group, p=0.999. Stent migration was more frequent in the covered group than in the uncovered group (p=0.003). The tumour ingrowth rate was higher in the uncovered group than in the covered group (p=0.016). The rates of re-intervention did not significantly differ between the two stents. Conformable covered double-layered and uncovered unfixed-cell braided stents were associated with different patterns of stent malfunction. Copyright © 2014 Editrice Gastroenterologica Italiana S.r.l. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  2. Work productivity and activity impairment in gastroesophageal reflux disease in Korean full-time employees: a multicentre study.

    Shin, Woon Geon; Kim, Heung Up; Kim, Sang Gyun; Kim, Gwang Ha; Shim, Ki-Nam; Kim, Jeong Wook; Kim, Jin Il; Kim, Jae Gyu; Kim, Jae J; Yim, Da-Hae; Park, Sue K; Park, Soo-Heon

    2012-04-01

    The costs of gastroesophageal reflux disease have not been assessed in Asia, even though the prevalence of gastroesophageal reflux disease is gradually increasing. We evaluated work presenteeism and absenteeism as indirect costs of gastroesophageal reflux disease in Korea. This was a cross-sectional and multicentre study using patient-reported outcome instruments. A total of 1009 full-time employees who visited the gastrointestinal department for any reason (281 patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease and 728 controls) were included. Main outcomes were presenteeism and absenteeism measured as work productivity loss and monetary cost per week. Absenteeism and presenteeism were significantly higher in the gastroesophageal reflux disease than the control group (1.49% vs. 0.46%, P=0.0010; 34.13% vs. 9.23%, Pgastroesophageal reflux disease than the control group (33.09% vs. 9.02%; Pgastroesophageal reflux disease group compared with the control group. Assuming average hourly wages of $14.12, the weekly burden of gastroesophageal reflux disease reached $165.07 per person. Gastroesophageal reflux disease was associated with substantial work productivity loss, mainly due to presenteeism rather than absenteeism, in Korean full-time employees. Copyright © 2011 Editrice Gastroenterologica Italiana S.r.l. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  3. Changing prevalence patterns in endoscopic and histological diagnosis of gastritis? Data from a cross-sectional Central European multicentre study.

    Wolf, Eva-Maria; Plieschnegger, Wolfgang; Geppert, Michael; Wigginghaus, Bernd; Höss, Gabriele M; Eherer, Andreas; Schneider, Nora I; Hauer, Almuthe; Rehak, Peter; Vieth, Michael; Langner, Cord

    2014-05-01

    Traditionally, Helicobacter infection is considered to be the most common cause of gastritis. In the cross-sectional Central European histoGERD trial, we assessed the prevalence of different types of gastritis, correlating histological and endoscopic diagnoses. A total of 1123 individuals participated in an observational multicentre study. Endoscopists classified individuals as positive or negative for gastritis and rendered the putative cause. Pathologists evaluated biopsy specimens based upon the Updated Sydney System. Histological diagnosis of gastritis was made in 639 (56.9%) participants. In all, 210 (18.7%) individuals were diagnosed with Helicobacter gastritis, 215 (19.1%) with post Helicobacter gastritis, 234 (20.8%) with reactive gastropathy, 26 (2.3%) with autoimmune gastritis, and 6 (0.5%) with focally enhanced gastritis related to Crohn's disease. In 46 out of 639 (7.2%) individuals diagnosed with gastritis, combinations of different histological subtypes were noted the most common being reactive gastropathy and post Helicobacter gastritis. Endoscopic diagnosis of gastritis was made in 534 (47.6%) individuals. Reactive gastropathy was more common than active Helicobacter gastritis, and the majority of cases attributable to Helicobacter infection were no longer ongoing, i.e. post Helicobacter gastritis. Agreement between histological and endoscopic diagnoses was better in reactive gastropathy than in Helicobacter gastritis. Copyright © 2014 Editrice Gastroenterologica Italiana S.r.l. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  4. Management of rectal cancers in relation to treatment guidelines: a population-based study comparing Italian and French patients.

    Minicozzi, Pamela; Bouvier, Anne-Marie; Faivre, Jean; Sant, Milena

    2014-07-01

    Few studies have investigated rectal cancer management at the population level. We compared how rectal cancers diagnosed in Italy (2003-2005) and France (2005) were managed, and evaluated the extent to which management adhered to European guidelines. Samples of 3938 Italian and 2287 French colorectal cancer patients were randomly extracted from 8 and 12 cancer registries respectively. Rectal cancer patients (860 Italian, 559 French) were analysed. Logistic regression models estimated odds ratios (ORs) of being treated with curative intent, receiving sphincter-saving surgery, and receiving preoperative radiotherapy. Similar proportions of Italian and French patients were treated with curative intent (70% vs. 67%; OR=0.92 [0.73-1.16]); the respective proportions receiving sphincter-saving surgery were 21% and 33% (OR=1.15 [0.86-1.53]). In about 50% of those treated with curative intent, ≥ 12 lymph nodes were harvested in both countries. The proportion receiving postoperative radiotherapy was higher in Italy than in France (25% vs. 11%, pguidelines. Copyright © 2014 Editrice Gastroenterologica Italiana S.r.l. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  5. Study

    Erum Zahir

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Physicochemical properties like density, viscosity, boiling point, saponification value (SV, iodine value (IV,and peroxide value (PV of Corn and Mustard oils were studied to evaluate the compositional quality of oils and also to investigate the effect on the use of same oil for repeated frying as it ultimately changes the physicochemical, nutritional and sensory properties of the oil. FT-IR spectroscopy was used to evaluate the degree of oxidation after heating and frying processes. Results revealed that due to the temperature change in the oil there is a notable difference in the spectral band which showed that the proportions of the fatty acids were changed. The spectra of Corn oil at the boiling point and at multiple frying times with a piece of potato showed frequencies in range of 2852.7–2926.0 cm−1 while in Mustard oil an additional peak was observed at 3633.8 cm−1 which exhibits the secondary oxidized product formation.

  6. Community acquired pneumonia in the elderly: the Pneumonia in Italian Acute Care for Elderly units (PIACE study protocol by the Italian Society of Hospital and Community Geriatrics (SIGOT

    Filippo Luca Fimognari

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Pneumonia is a frequent cause of hospital admission in elderly patients. Diagnosis of pneumonia in elderly persons with comorbidity may be challenging, due to atypical presentation and complex clinical scenarios. Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP arises out-of-hospital in subjects without previous contact with the healthcare system. Healthcare associated pneumonia (HCAP occurs in patients who have frequent contacts with the healthcare system and should be treated with empiric broad spectrum antibiotic therapy also covering multi-drug resistant (MDR pathogens. Recent findings, however, have questioned this approach, because the worse prognosis of HCAP compared to CAP may better reflect increased level of comorbidity and frailty (poor functional status, older age of HCAP patients, as well as poorer quality of hospital care provided to such patients, rather than pneumonia etiology by MDR pathogens. The Pneumonia in Italian Acute Care for Elderly units (PIACE Study, promoted by the Società Italiana di Geriatria Ospedale e Territorio (SIGOT, is an observational prospective cohort study of patients consecutively admitted because of pneumonia to hospital acute care units of Geriatrics throughout Italy. Detailed information regarding clinical presentation, diagnosis, etiology, comprehensive geriatric assessment, antibiotic therapy, possible complications and comorbidities was recorded to identify factors potentially predicting in-hospital mortality (primary endpoint, 3-month mortality, length of hospital stay, postdischarge rate of institutionalization and other secondary endpoints. This paper describes the rationale and method of PIACE Study and reviews the main evidence on pneumonia in the elderly.

  7. Is acute recurrent pancreatitis in children a precursor of chronic pancreatitis? A long-term follow-up study of 93 cases.

    Poddar, Ujjal; Yachha, Surender K; Borkar, Vibhor; Srivastava, Anshu

    2017-07-01

    In view of paucity of literature we analyzed our experience of acute recurrent pancreatitis (ARP) to study clinical profile and long-term outcome. Over 13 years, 93 consecutive children (≤18 years) diagnosed to have ARP were included in this study. Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography was done at baseline and on follow-up. Common mutations for serine-protease-inhibitor (SPINK1 N34S), protease inhibitor (PRSS1 R122S) and cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR deltaF508, 5T) were studied in 22 idiopathic cases. The median age of the children with ARP was 13 (10-14.5) years, 53 were males. Etiology included biliary in 14 (15%), pancreas divisum in 6 (7%), others in 3 (3.5%) and idiopathic in the remaining 70 (75%). SPINK1 mutation was found in 10/22 (45%) cases. Over a median follow-up of 25.5 (8.25-48) months, 37 (42%) of 88 (5 lost to follow-up) developed chronic pancreatitis (CP). On multivariate analysis idiopathic etiology (petiology and presence of genetic mutations. Hence, patients with ARP should be kept on regular follow-up to detect CP. Copyright © 2017 Editrice Gastroenterologica Italiana S.r.l. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  8. L’università italiana tra continuità e discontinuità. Intervista a Mauro Moretti

    Alessandro Breccia

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available L’intervista a Mauro Moretti inquadra il tema del dossier a partire dalle fonti per la storia delle università italiane nel secondo Novecento. Passa poi ad indicare alcuni tra i principali aspetti da indagare anche per definire al meglio una possibile cronologia

  9. ICONE IMPOTENTI. Il dissenso politico e ideologico nell'arte italiana contemporanea, dalla pop art alle ultime generazioni

    Ilaria Bignotti

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The research takes on those languages of Italian contemporary art that, on the last forty years, have chosen a critical perspective on the political and socio-economical power. Knowing the impossibility of giving a complete view of the problem, I have decided to face the problem around the existence andthe different ways of an iconography and a language strictly connected with political dissent, pointing them out with a selection of Italian works and artists, considering them in relationship with international languages.It’s been a necessity to re-examine the history of art considering the relationships between ideologies and politics, selecting highlights, to dwell upon three moments: from the end of second World War to the end of the Fifties, following the birth and the rise of the ideology of dissent; from the Sixties to the Eighties, considering the passage from the politics to the media, from the action to the iconography ofthe ideology of dissent turning spectacular; from the Eighties till today: from the dissent to a tragic irony, between representations and demythologized symbologies.

  10. Infant Ependymoma in a 10-Year AIEOP (Associazione Italiana Ematologia Oncologia Pediatrica) Experience With Omitted or Deferred Radiotherapy

    Massimino, Maura; Gandola, Lorenza; Barra, Salvina; Giangaspero, Felice; Casali, Cecilia; Potepan, Paolo; Di Rocco, Concezio; Nozza, Paolo; Collini, Paola; Viscardi, Elisabetta; Bertin, Daniele; Biassoni, Veronica; Cama, Armando; Milanaccio, Claudia; Modena, Piergiorgio; Balter, Rita; Tamburrini, Giampiero; Peretta, Paola; Mascarin, Maurizio; Scarzello, Giovanni

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: The protocols of the 1990s omitted or delayed irradiation, using upfront chemotherapy to spare the youngest children with ependymoma the sequelae of radiotherapy (RT). We treated 41 children under the age of 3 years with intracranial ependymoma between 1994 and 2003. Patients and Methods: After surgery, chemotherapy was given as follows: regimen I with four blocks of vincristine, high-dose methotrexate 5 g/m 2 , and cyclophosphamide 1.5 g/m 2 alternating with cisplatin 90 mg/m 2 plus VP16 450 mg/m 2 for 14 months; subsequently, regimen II was used: VEC (VCR, VP16 300 mg/m 2 , and cyclophosphamide 3 g/m 2 ) for 6 months. Radiotherapy was planned for residual tumor after the completion of chemotherapy or for progression. Results: We treated 23 boys and 18 girls who were a median 22 months old; 14 were given regimen I, 27 were given regimen II; 22 underwent complete resection, 19 had residual tumor. Ependymoma was Grade 2 in 25 patients and Grade 3 in 16; tumors were infratentorial in 37 patients and supratentorial in 4. One child had intracranial metastases; 29 had progressed locally after a median 9 months. Event-free survival was 26% at 3 and 5 years and 23% at 8 years. One child died of sepsis, and another developed a glioblastoma 72 months after RT. Progression-free survival was 27% at 3, 5, and 8 years, and overall survival was 48%, 37%, and 28% at 3, 5, and 8 years, respectively. Of the 13 survivors, 6 never received RT; their intellectual outcome did not differ significantly in those children than in those without RT. Conclusions: Our results confirm poor rates of event-free survival and overall survival for up-front chemotherapy in infant ependymoma. No better neurocognitive outcome was demonstrated in the few survivors who never received RT.

  11. L'informazione per l'efficienza e la trasparenza del mercato immobiliare: l'esperienza italiana

    Gianni Guerrieri

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Il tema affrontato concerne il ruolo dell’informazione economica nell’ambito dei mercati immobiliari. Si parte dai riferimenti della letteratura economica sulla teoria dell’informazione per individuare le informazioni economiche rilevanti per monitorare e analizzare il mercato immobiliare, sia dal punto di vista macroeconomico sia da quello microeconomico. In entrambi gli ambiti non è sufficiente soltanto l’informazione sul prezzo, ma su numerose altre variabili. Sull’importanza dell’informazione economica è utile l’indicatore della trasparenza dei mercati immobiliari elaborato da Jones Lang Lasalle costruito anche sulla base di una valutazione sulla qualità e quantità di informazione economica disponibile sugli oggetti scambiati sui fenomeni che caratterizzano il mercato immobiliare. Si analizza infine lo stato dell’informazione in Italia sul mercato immobiliare ed il ruolo e l’offerta informativa istituzionale resa dall’Osservatorio del mercato immobiliare dell’Agenzia del Territorio.

  12. La specificità italiana nella crisi in atto (Italy as a special case of the present crisis

    Pierluigi Ciocca

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available  The Italian economy is going through its deepest contraction in history. Even more worrisome is the negative trend in productivity and capacity to export, which has persisted since the early 1990s. The paper analyzes the root causes of these twin evils, as well as the linkages between them. An attempt is also made to sketch the economic policy measures and the autonomous responses by producers that could improve the long-run, structural perspectives of the economy and, via expectations, accelerate the escape from the present phase of stagnant domestic demandJEL Code: E32, E44, E65  

  13. La riproduzione (del femminile. Una riflessione socio-politica sul ruolo delle donne nella scuola italiana degli ultimi decenni

    Eleonora de Conciliis

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In a traditional Catholic country like Italy, the job of school teacher seems to be tailored just for women, in order to preserve quietly both roles of mother and working person, in the imagery of people who don’t work in the school world at least. This happens because the school has always been the second space of traditional display regarding gender differences, and the only one recognised as such by society, after the family. There’s no place like school where Italian women have been free to exhibit and make the most of their own relational competencies, even their sex difference, getting the same payment reserved for men but anyway lower than payments existing in other service sectors. Italy is the country where the family-school pair has assumed a legendary status for decades, with the woman usually seen as a link between these two environments; and maybe that’s exactly the reason why the school has become the stage where each and every metamorphosis of family is set up and the female presence gets its identity as biological and cultural reproductive subject. As long as teaching is that particular cognitive work in which the knowledge is hoarded to wield a lower power, women have been reduced to technical roles of teachers, so to be excluded from the spaces reserved to higher power: economy and politics. Maternalistic and consumerist structures typical of the last times led this subordination to a crisis in Italy too, but with no creation of a good alternative model. When the so-called First Republic (that was a kind of symbolic Father-State crashed down, the female model of cultural transmission broke up at the same time. In order to understand this trend, and perhaps to reverse it, the feminisation of teaching should be considered as a political question, and no longer as a treasure to be protected or defended. The same target regards the public school too.

  14. Analisi bibliografica di alcune varianti di stampa rilevate nei lessici italiano-tedeschi registrati nella produzione incunabolistica italiana

    Federica Fabbri

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available In the era of hand-press printing, variations among the copies of a single edition was the norm rather than the exception. Indeed, no single copy would ever be identical to another, but rather each one would be unique. These differences were due not only to the marks and features that each item acquired after leaving the printing shop, according to the hands through which it passed, but also to the features that accumulated during the printing process itself. These characteristics could be of two kinds: conscious variants, either when the printer made stop-press corrections to typesetting errors or other mistakes that had been missed during proof reading or to add later corrections by the editor or author; unconscious variants when they were the result of unnoticed mistakes made by the printer himself. In the preparation of her dissertation for a degree in Bibliography, the author made a census of the surviving examples of Italian-German lexicons recorded in Italian incunabula production and described them. The conscious and unconscious printing errors collated are analyzed in this paper.

  15. La visión de la literatura italiana en la España del siglo XIX: Salvatore Costanzo

    A. Tobio Sala

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Salvatore Costanzo is one of the Italian writers that moved to Spain in the XIX century. He was exiled from the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies for his opposition to the Bourbon government and he chose Madrid as his residence; in few years he became an important cultural and political mediator with the Italian reality and he successfully integrate in the literary life of the time. As cultural ambassador he published lots of works ranged over many topics: economy, literature, arts, history, politics, education and music. This is the context of his comparative analysis of Italian and Spanish literature. His work is a precious contribution for the recovery of the history of the relationship between Italy and Spain in the XIX century.

  16. Voglio essere io a dire come mi chiamo: nome e paradigma identitario nella letteratura italiana della migrazione

    Vera Horn

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Ao defrontar-se com o outro e a sociedade que o acolhe, o migrante è levado a realizar um processo de renegociação e de redefinição do conceito de identidade, frequentement dissipada, renegada, diluída nesse confronto. Nesse sentido, o nome, que constitui um dos aspectos da questão mais complexa da formação de identidade em consequência de processos migratórios, torna-se um meio de afirmação e de salva-guarda da identidade pessoal e cultural contra o achatamento que pode caracterizar o processo de inserção e integração social que, às vezes é representado, justamente na tentativa de rebatizar o imigrnte. A literatura da migração na Itália, que já tem uma produção consistente que dura há mais de vinte anos, deteve-se sobre esse problema  em seu percurso evolutivo por meio de contos, romances, também recentes, dos quais daremos notícias a seguir.

  17. La lezione di Prometeo e il filologo nell’era digitale. Rassegna di risorse informatiche per lo studio dell’antichità classica

    Gianluca Canè

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper provides a brief overview of the IT resources available for classical studies, focusing on three different types of tools in particular: a free cross-platform applications that handle Unicode effectively, making it is easy to type and edit polytonic Greek using a computer keyboard; b free websites of general interest to classicists, which provide access to dictionaries, full text databases and compilations/analyses on specific subjects; c digital collections of classical texts (Thesaurus Linguae Graecae, Thesaurus Linguae Latinae that allow one to consult a vast corpus of Greek and Latin works and perform searches specifying combined search components.

  18. Low testosterone in non-responsive coeliac disease: A case series, case-control study with comparisons to the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.

    Kurada, Satya; Veeraraghavan, Gopal; Kaswala, Dharmesh; Hansen, Josh; Cohen, David; Kelly, Ciaran; Leffler, Daniel

    2016-10-01

    Adults with coeliac disease (CD) often report persistent fatigue, even when CD appears well controlled for unknown reasons. To evaluate common indications for testosterone panel (TP) testing and prevalence of low testosterone (T) in CD. In our case series, we determined common indications for checking TP in CD. Next, we conducted a case-control study to compare TP in CD vs. healthy controls (HC). We compared mean total T (TT), free T (FT) based on serologic, histologic disease activity. Finally, we assessed TT in tissue transglutaminase (tTG)+ vs. tTG- subjects and CD vs. HC obtained from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). 53 coeliac males had TP tested. Common indications included osteoporosis and fatigue. Low FT was observed in 7/13 men with osteoporosis and 5/6 with fatigue. In our case-control study (n=26 each), there was no difference in mean TT or FT between CD vs. HC, tTG+ vs tTG- or Marsh 0 vs. Marsh 3 groups. NHANES data showed no difference in mean TT between tTG+ vs tTG- (n=16 each) or CD vs. HC subjects (n=5 each). Low T occurs in CD patients at a similar rate as the general population. Common presentations of low T may mimic non-responsive CD symptoms. Copyright © 2016 Editrice Gastroenterologica Italiana S.r.l. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  19. Gastroesophageal reflux disease: impact on work productivity and daily-life activities of daytime workers. A French cross-sectional study.

    Bruley des Varannes, Stanislas; Ducrotté, Philippe; Vallot, Thierry; Garofano, Anna; Bardoulat, Isabelle; Carrois, Frédéric; Ricci, Léa

    2013-03-01

    Few studies have evaluated the impact of gastroesophageal reflux disease symptoms on work productivity and no French data are available. To compare the impact of typical symptoms of nocturnal vs diurnal gastroesophageal reflux disease on work productivity and daily activities. A French prospective, multicenter, observational study was performed in primary care setting. Patient characteristics, symptomatology and treatment were reported. Work productivity loss was assessed using the work productivity and activity impairment questionnaire, predictors were identified using multivariate regression models, and estimated cost was calculated. 716 eligible patients (mean age: 46.3 years) were included by 407 physicians. Nocturnal symptoms were reported in 50.8% of patients and exclusively diurnal symptoms in 49.2%. Mean work productivity and daily activities decreased by 31.4% and 32.6%, respectively (both pWork productivity was influenced by symptom intensity, diurnal symptoms occurrence, regurgitation and diurnal sleepiness. The mean associated cost per patient/week (€313) was higher in patients with diurnal symptoms (without (€346) or with nocturnal (€312) symptoms) than in patients with exclusive nocturnal symptoms (€253) (pwork productivity loss especially in patients with diurnal symptoms. Further medico-economic analyses are needed to estimate the cost effectiveness ratio according to therapeutic strategies. Copyright © 2012 Editrice Gastroenterologica Italiana S.r.l. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  20. DIFFUSIONE E MOTIVAZIONI ALLO STUDIO DELL’ITALIANO NELL’AFRICA SUB-SAHARIANA FRANCOFONA: UNA PRIMA INDAGINE

    Gilles Kuitche

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Negli ultimi decenni la richiesta di corsi di italiano L2 in generale è in espansione, come testimoniano le indagini condotte da gruppi di esperti del settore (De Mauro et al. 2002, Giovanardi e Trifone 2010 ma anche le statistiche pubblicate regolarmente dal Ministero degli Affari Esteri italiano. Nell’area geografica di cui si occupa la presente inchiesta sono in corso dei cambiamenti radicali per quanto riguarda l’insegnamento/apprendimento dell’italiano L2, come dimostrano ad esempio l’inserimento della lingua italiana nei curricoli delle scuole superiori in Senegal o l’apertura di un dipartimento di italiano nella Scuola Normale Superiore inaugurata di recente in Camerun. L’indagine “Italiano 2000” (De Mauro et al. 2002, uno dei più autorevoli lavori sui pubblici e sulla diffusione dell’italiano L2 nel mondo, segnalava una netta diminuzione del numero di apprendenti e dei corsi in Africa, ma tale dato si basava su un campione di paesi prevalentemente nord africani in cui, alla fine degli anni Novanta, si registrava una generale “situazione di sofferenza” con addirittura un’allarmante diminuzione del 100% delle proposte didattiche e quindi degli apprendenti in alcune realtà. Con un’attenzione particolare alle caratteristiche del contesto e alla modalità di rilevazione, la presente indagine conoscitiva porta in luce una straordinaria vitalità dell’italiano nell’Africa sub-sahariana francofona, caratterizzata da un’importante crescita del numero di persone che si avvicinano a tale lingua nonché da una proliferazione e da una maggiore diversificazione delle proposte formative. Oltre ai dati statistici aggiornati sulla diffusione dell’italiano L2 in questa parte del mondo, l’inchiesta fornisce una descrizione dei contesti didattici e dei principali attori del processo didattico.THE SPREAD AND MOTIVATION FOR STUDYING ITALIAN IN FRENCH-SPEAKING SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA: A PRELIMINARY SURVEYOver the past decades

  1. Pediatric Residents and Interns in an Italian Hospital Perform Improved Bibliographic. A Review of: Gardois, P., Calabrese, R., Colombi, N., Lingua, C., Longo, F., Villanacci, M., Miniero, R., & Piga, A. (2011. Effectiveness of bibliographic searches performed by paediatric residents and interns assisted by librarian. A randomised controlled trial. Health Information and Libraries Journal, 28(4, 273-284. doi: 10.1111/j.1471-1842.2011.00957.x

    Mathew Stone

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective – To establish whether the assistance of an experienced biomedical librarian delivers an improvement in the searching of bibliographic databases as performed by medical residents and interns.Design – Randomized controlled trial.Setting – The pediatrics department of a large Italian teaching hospital.Subjects – 18 pediatric residents and interns.Methods – 23 residents and interns from the pediatrics department of a large Italian teaching hospital were invited to participate inthis study, of which 18 agreed. Subjects were then randomized into two groups and asked to spend between 30 and 90 minutes searching bibliographic databases for evidence to answer a real-life clinical question which was randomly allocated to them. Each member ofthe intervention group was provided with an experienced biomedical librarian to provide assistance throughout the search session. The control group received no assistance. The outcome of the search was then measured using an assessment tool adapted for the purpose of this study from the Fresno test of competence in evidence based medicine. This adapted assessment tool rated the “global success” of the search and included criteria such as appropriate question formulation, number of PICO terms translated into search terms, use of Boolean logic, use of subject headings, use of filters, use of limits, and the percentage of citations retrieved that matched a gold standard set of citations found in a prior search by two librarians (who were not involved in assisting the subjects together with an expert clinician. Main Results – The intervention group scored a median average of 73.6 points out of a possible 100, compared with the control group which scored 50.4. The difference of 23.2 points in favour of the librarian assisted group was a statistically significant result (p value = 0.013 with a 95% confidence interval of between 4.8 and 33.2.Conclusion – This study presents credible evidence that

  2. Safety of treatments for inflammatory bowel disease: Clinical practice guidelines of the Italian Group for the Study of Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IG-IBD).

    Biancone, Livia; Annese, Vito; Ardizzone, Sandro; Armuzzi, Alessandro; Calabrese, Emma; Caprioli, Flavio; Castiglione, Fabiana; Comberlato, Michele; Cottone, Mario; Danese, Silvio; Daperno, Marco; D'Incà, Renata; Frieri, Giuseppe; Fries, Walter; Gionchetti, Paolo; Kohn, Anna; Latella, Giovanni; Milla, Monica; Orlando, Ambrogio; Papi, Claudio; Petruzziello, Carmelina; Riegler, Gabriele; Rizzello, Fernando; Saibeni, Simone; Scribano, Maria Lia; Vecchi, Maurizio; Vernia, Piero; Meucci, Gianmichele

    2017-04-01

    Inflammatory bowel diseases are chronic conditions of unknown etiology, showing a growing incidence and prevalence in several countries, including Italy. Although the etiology of Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis is unknown, due to the current knowledge regarding their pathogenesis, effective treatment strategies have been developed. Several guidelines are available regarding the efficacy and safety of available drug treatments for inflammatory bowel diseases. Nevertheless, national guidelines provide additional information adapted to local feasibility, costs and legal issues related to the use of the same drugs. These observations prompted the Italian Group for the Study of Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IG-IBD) to establish Italian guidelines on the safety of currently available treatments for Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. These guidelines discuss the use of aminosalicylates, systemic and low bioavailability corticosteroids, antibiotics (metronidazole, ciprofloxacin, rifaximin), thiopurines, methotrexate, cyclosporine A, TNFα antagonists, vedolizumab, and combination therapies. These guidelines are based on current knowledge derived from evidence-based medicine coupled with clinical experience of a national working group. Copyright © 2017 Editrice Gastroenterologica Italiana S.r.l. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  3. Screening prior to biological therapy in Crohn's disease: adherence to guidelines and prevalence of infections. Results from a multicentre retrospective study.

    van der Have, Mike; Belderbos, Tim D G; Fidder, Herma H; Leenders, Max; Dijkstra, Gerard; Peters, Charlotte P; Eshuis, Emma J; Ponsioen, Cyriel Y; Siersema, Peter D; van Oijen, Martijn G H; Oldenburg, Bas

    2014-10-01

    Screening for opportunistic infections prior to starting biological therapy in patients with inflammatory bowel disease is recommended. To assess adherence to screening for opportunistic infections prior to starting biological therapy in Crohn's disease patients and its yield. A multicentre retrospective study was conducted in Crohn's disease patients in whom infliximab or adalimumab was started between 2000 and 2010. Screening included tuberculin skin test, interferon-gamma release assay or chest X-ray for tuberculosis. Extended screening included screening for tuberculosis and viral infections. Patients were followed until three months after ending treatment. Primary endpoints were opportunistic and serious infections. 611 patients were included, 91% on infliximab. 463 (76%) patients were screened for tuberculosis, of whom 113 (24%) underwent extended screening. Screening for tuberculosis and hepatitis B increased to, respectively, 90-97% and 36-49% in the last two years. During a median follow-up of two years, 64/611 (9%, 3.4/100 patient-years) opportunistic infections and 26/611 (4%, 1.6/100 patient-years) serious infections were detected. Comorbidity was significantly associated with serious infections (hazard ratio 3.94). Although screening rates for tuberculosis and hepatitis B increased, screening for hepatitis B was still suboptimal. More caution is required when prescribing biologicals in patients with comorbid conditions. Copyright © 2014 Editrice Gastroenterologica Italiana S.r.l. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  4. Health-related quality of life is a prognostic factor for survival in older patients after colorectal cancer diagnosis: A population-based study.

    Fournier, Evelyne; Jooste, Valérie; Woronoff, Anne-Sophie; Quipourt, Valérie; Bouvier, Anne-Marie; Mercier, Mariette

    2016-01-01

    Studies carried out in the context of clinical trials have shown a relationship between survival and health-related quality of life in colorectal cancer patients. We assessed the prognostic value of health-related quality of life at diagnosis and of its longitudinal evolution on survival in older colorectal cancer patients. All patients aged ≥65 years, diagnosed with new colorectal cancer between 2003 and 2005 and registered in the Digestive Cancer Registry of Burgundy were eligible. Patients were asked to complete the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire Core 30 at inclusion, three, six and twelve months after. Multivariate regression models were used to evaluate the prognostic value of health-related quality of life scores at diagnosis and their deterioration on relative survival. In multivariate analysis, a role functioning dimension lower than median was predictive of lower survival (hazard ratio=3.1, p=0.015). After three and six months of follow-up, patients with greater appetite loss were more likely to die, with hazard ratios of 4.7 (p=0.013) and 3.7 (p=0.002), respectively. Health-related quality of life assessments at diagnosis are independently associated with older colorectal cancer patients' survival. Its preservation should be a major management goal for older cancer patients. Copyright © 2015 Editrice Gastroenterologica Italiana S.r.l. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  5. The study of urban systems by indicators. State of the art and implementation problems; Lo studio dei sistemi urbani attraverso indicatori. Stato dell'arte e problematiche operative

    Del Ciello, R; Napoleoni, S [ENEA, Divisione Caratterizzazione dell' Ambiente e del Territorio, Centro Ricerche Casaccia, S. Maria di Galeria, RM (Italy)

    2001-07-01

    The purpose of this work is to define the state of the art about the problem of the indicators and their capability in reading and foreseeing the urban complexity. Therefore, the theoretical elaborations and the suggestions developed in the report try to convert the different contributions in the Italian and international literature in a frame-work, focusing on those arguments which assume a key role in the study of the urban areas: (a) the problematic definition of the administrative, physics and functional boarders of the cities; (b) the selection of the indicators that describe the urban areas; (c) the description and quality of life and of environment quality in the cities; (d) the sustainability in urban areas. [Italian] Il lavoro si propone di delineare lo stato dell'arte sul problema degli indicatori e sulla loro capacita' di leggere e prevedere la complessita' urbana. Le elaborazioni teoriche e i suggerimenti metodologici sviluppati nel rapporto tentano dunque di tradurre in protocolli di lavoro i diversi contributi prodotti negli ultimi anni nella letteratura italiana e internazionale concentrando in particolare l'attenzione su quei temi che all'interno dello studio dei sistemi urbani assumono un ruolo chiave: (a) la problematica definizione dei confini amministrativi, fisici e funzionali delle citta'; (b) la selezione degli indicatori che descrivono con piu' efficacia il sistema urbano; (c) le dimensioni e la misura della qualita' della vita e dell'ambiente nelle citta'; (d) la sostenibilita' all'interno dei sistemi urbani.

  6. Your language or mine? or English as a lingua franca? Comparing effectiveness in English as a lingua franca and L1–L2 interactions: implications for corporate language policies

    Mulken, M.J.P. van; Hendriks, B.C.

    2015-01-01

    For multinational corporations, the need for efficiency and control has motivated the choice for a corporate language. However, increasing internationalisation has forced corporations to rethink their language policies to cater to the changing demands of the multicultural and multilingual workplace.

  7. Attraverso gli studi spagnoli di Cesare de Lollis (1887-1924

    Diego Stefanelli

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available L’articolo considera gli studi di ispanistica di Cesare De Lollis nel loro complesso: dalla fine dell’Ottocento, con gli articoli sulla lirica ispano-portoghese medievale (di stampo filologico-erudito e gli interventi (di tipo giornalistico-divulgativo su alcuni scrittori spagnoli dell’Ottocento, agli anni Venti del Novecento, con il volume su Cervantes reazionario (1924. Un momento importante di questo percorso fu il passaggio di De Lollis alla cattedra romana di «Letterature francese e spagnola moderne» (avvenuto nel 1905: ricostruite le vicende della cattedra, si pone l’attenzione sugli scritti coevi di De Lollis incentrati sulla necessità di uno studio serio delle letterature moderne. Vengono poi studiate le note e le recensioni di letteratura spagnola apparse nelle prime decadi del secolo, in particolare lo scritto Classicismo e secentismo (1908 su Fernando de Herrera, esponente di quella poesia «eroica» studiata a piú riprese da De Lollis (in particolare per il contesto francese. L’articolo si concentra poi sul volume Cervantes reazionario, mostrando che molte delle questioni trattate erano presenti già nel primo articolo del 1913, contemporaneo a quelli sui romantici italiani confluiti poi nei Saggi sulla forma poetica italiana dell’Ottocento. Proprio il nesso tra questi scritti e quelli su Cervantes consente di leggere il volume cervantino alla luce di un tema centrale della critica di De Lollis: la contrapposizione tra l’«eroe» della poesia classicistica e il «realismo» della rivoluzione romantica.  The paper deals with Cesare De Lollis’ Hispanic Studies from the end of the 19th Century (with the philological studies on Spanish-Portuguese poetry of the Middle Age and the coeval journalistic articles on Spanish writers of the 19th Century to the book Cervantes reazionario (1924. A turning moment in De Lollis’ approach to Spanish literature is 1905, when he obtained the chair of «Modern French and Spanish

  8. Multifaceted Dimensions of Telecollaboration through English as a Lingua Franca (ELF): Paris-Valladolid Intercultural Telecollaboration Project

    Castro, Paloma; Derivry-Plard, Martine

    2016-01-01

    Intercultural telecollaboration allows for a radical change in language education. New technologies enable learners of different languages and cultures to practice their intercultural skills. Teachers no longer need to design "fake" role-plays to develop interaction in the target language. Above all, teachers have the possibility to…

  9. Alcune osservazioni sui fenomeni dell'ansia nell'apprendimento di una lingua straniera / Vittoriano Renó

    Renó, Vittoriano

    2009-01-01

    Võõrkeeleõpingutega seotud ängist. Artiklis püstitatakse hüpotees, et õppejõu informaalne suhtumine võib aidata õpilastel teadmisi omandada, sest kõrvaldaks ängitekitavad faktorid, mis on seotud õppejõu ja õpilase vahelise sotsiaalse distantsiga

  10. Migrants' Alternative Multi-Lingua Franca Spaces as Emergent Re-Producers of Exclusionary Monolingual Nation-State Regimes

    Sabaté Dalmau, Maria

    2016-01-01

    From a critical sociolinguistic perspective, this article investigates the written linguistic practices of 20 labor migrants from heterogeneous backgrounds who organized their life trajectories in an "ethnic" call shop in a marginal neighborhood near Barcelona. This was a late capitalist institution informally providing the undocumented…

  11. Do experimentum ao collapsus linguae: interseções sobre a crítica em Agamben e Carlito Azevedo

    Carolina Anglada de Rezende

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Partindo da antiga querela entre poesia e filosofia, presente já nos diálogos platônicos, objetiva-se investigar a maneira como a poesia crítica de Carlito Azevedo, na esteira do que Giorgio Agamben conceitua como crítica, mantém-se no limiar entre a mais fundamental experiência, que é a da linguagem poética, e a sua única possibilidade de experimentá-la de forma não cindida, que é criticamente.

  12. Manuais de ensino de lingua portuguesa na Província da Bahia no século XIX

    Emília Helena Portella Monteiro de Souza

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo se insere no campo de pesquisa sobre a língua portuguesa e a escolarização em perspectiva histórica. Dialoga-se com os estudos da história da cultura escrita no Brasil e com a constituição histórica do português brasileiro na formação das normas cultas. Tem-se, como objetivos, apresentar os manuais didáticos que circularam nas escolas baianas, em especial nas primárias, na segunda metade do século XIX, e proceder a considerações sobre duas gramáticas dirigidas à escola primária, na Bahia: a de Bernardino Martagão, (1880, e a de Hilário Ribeiro (1907 [1882]. Essas considerações devem evidenciar como a escola se relacionou com os padrões normativos em voga no século XIX. Do ponto de vista metodológico, parte-se de um corpus já constituído, como parte do projeto de pesquisa. Os manuais didáticos, objetos de investigação, foram inventariados em bibliotecas de Salvador-Ba, e em documentos oficiais da época.

  13. Bases psicolingüísticas determinantes no proceso de aprendizaxe de segundas linguas : estudos de caso

    Muradas Sanroman, Macarena

    2016-01-01

    El objetivo del presente estudio de caso es conocer en profundidad la frecuencia de uso de estrategias de aprendizaje por parte de un grupo de alumnos de inglés como L2 (nivel C1) de una EOI española, así como las percepciones de un grupo de docentes de este mismo centro en relación tanto con esta cuestión como con otras tales como el grado de conocimiento de las estrategias de aprendizaje, su utilidad o la atención que reciben en el ámbito educativo. Para ello, se toma como punto de parti...

  14. Margherita Maria Di Nino, I Fiori campestri di Posidippo. Ricerche sulla lingua e lo stile di Posidippo di Pella

    Yannick Durbec

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available L’édition du papyrus P. Mil. Vogl. VIII 309 par Guido Bastianini et Claudio Gallazzi fut pour les spécialistes de l’Antiquité un événement majeur. Les centaines de publications qui s’ensuivirent ont ouvert de multiples pistes de réflexion, préparant la voie pour des travaux de synthèse. Le présent ouvrage de Margherita Maria Di Nino, qui est le fruit de la réélaboration de sa thèse soutenue à l’université de Bologne, est plus que cela. En effet, ce volume o...

  15. Evolving a lingua franca and associated software infrastructure for computational systems biology: the Systems Biology Markup Language (SBML) project.

    Hucka, M; Finney, A; Bornstein, B J; Keating, S M; Shapiro, B E; Matthews, J; Kovitz, B L; Schilstra, M J; Funahashi, A; Doyle, J C; Kitano, H

    2004-06-01

    Biologists are increasingly recognising that computational modelling is crucial for making sense of the vast quantities of complex experimental data that are now being collected. The systems biology field needs agreed-upon information standards if models are to be shared, evaluated and developed cooperatively. Over the last four years, our team has been developing the Systems Biology Markup Language (SBML) in collaboration with an international community of modellers and software developers. SBML has become a de facto standard format for representing formal, quantitative and qualitative models at the level of biochemical reactions and regulatory networks. In this article, we summarise the current and upcoming versions of SBML and our efforts at developing software infrastructure for supporting and broadening its use. We also provide a brief overview of the many SBML-compatible software tools available today.

  16. The Death of the Non-Native Speaker? English as a Lingua Franca in Business Communication: A Research Agenda

    Nickerson, Catherine

    2015-01-01

    The impact of globalisation in the last 20 years has led to an overwhelming increase in the use of English as the medium through which many business people get their work done. As a result, the linguistic landscape within which we now operate as researchers and teachers has changed both rapidly and beyond all recognition. In the discussion below,…

  17. Which English? Whose English? An Investigation of "Non-Native" Teachers' Beliefs about Target Varieties

    Young, Tony Johnstone; Walsh, Steve

    2010-01-01

    This study explored the beliefs of "non-native English speaking" teachers about the usefulness and appropriacy of varieties such as English as an International Language (EIL) and English as a Lingua Franca (ELF), compared with native speaker varieties. The study therefore addresses the current theoretical debate concerning "appropriate" target…

  18. Face and identity management in negotiation

    Planken, Brigitte Chantal

    2002-01-01

    This dissertation reports on a comparative study of the verbal behaviour of experienced negotiators (professionals) and inexperienced negotiators (students), negotiating in a lingua franca (English). The study centred around two corpora of speech data generated in a series of intercultural sales

  19. Evaluation of automatic image quality assessment in chest CT - A human cadaver study.

    Franck, Caro; De Crop, An; De Roo, Bieke; Smeets, Peter; Vergauwen, Merel; Dewaele, Tom; Van Borsel, Mathias; Achten, Eric; Van Hoof, Tom; Bacher, Klaus

    2017-04-01

    The evaluation of clinical image quality (IQ) is important to optimize CT protocols and to keep patient doses as low as reasonably achievable. Considering the significant amount of effort needed for human observer studies, automatic IQ tools are a promising alternative. The purpose of this study was to evaluate automatic IQ assessment in chest CT using Thiel embalmed cadavers. Chest CT's of Thiel embalmed cadavers were acquired at different exposures. Clinical IQ was determined by performing a visual grading analysis. Physical-technical IQ (noise, contrast-to-noise and contrast-detail) was assessed in a Catphan phantom. Soft and sharp reconstructions were made with filtered back projection and two strengths of iterative reconstruction. In addition to the classical IQ metrics, an automatic algorithm was used to calculate image quality scores (IQs). To be able to compare datasets reconstructed with different kernels, the IQs values were normalized. Good correlations were found between IQs and the measured physical-technical image quality: noise (ρ=-1.00), contrast-to-noise (ρ=1.00) and contrast-detail (ρ=0.96). The correlation coefficients between IQs and the observed clinical image quality of soft and sharp reconstructions were 0.88 and 0.93, respectively. The automatic scoring algorithm is a promising tool for the evaluation of thoracic CT scans in daily clinical practice. It allows monitoring of the image quality of a chest protocol over time, without human intervention. Different reconstruction kernels can be compared after normalization of the IQs. Copyright © 2017 Associazione Italiana di Fisica Medica. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  20. Making the Invisible Visible. On Participation and Communication in a Global, Web-Based Master's Programme

    Dahlgren, Madeleine Abrandt; Larsson, Staffan; Walters, Shirley

    2006-01-01

    This study focuses on the discourse of an intercontinental on-line Master's programme in adult learning, using English as the lingua franca of the programme and involving four collaborating universities in Sweden, South Africa, Canada and Australia. The programme is highly interactive, emphasising communication between students. Taking the…

  1. Misunderstandings and Ensuring Understanding in Private ELF Talk

    Pietikäinen, Kaisa S.

    2018-01-01

    Although misunderstandings as such have been extensively studied, the ways in which problems of understanding are avoided--especially in cross-cultural communication--have so far received limited attention. This article examines over 24 h of private conversation data from seven established, intercultural couples who use lingua franca English as…

  2. Effective Communication Modes in Multilingual Encounters: Comparing Alternatives in Computer Mediated Communication (CMC)

    van Mulken, Margot; Hendriks, Berna

    2017-01-01

    This paper reports on an experimental study investigating alternative communication modes to English as a Lingua Franca. The purpose was to examine the effectiveness of different modes of communication and to gain insight in communication strategies used by interlocutors to solve referential conflicts. Findings show that ELF may not necessarily be…

  3. Whose Culture and How Far? Culture Presentation in Current Business English Textbook Series

    Pashmforoosh, Roya; Babaii, Esmat

    2015-01-01

    International business communication is associated with cultural norms of both native and non-native business counterparts. It seems that the study of culture presentation from the perspective of English as a lingua franca in business English textbooks has been rather underexplored. To this end, cultural contents in two internationally distributed…

  4. Perceived self-efficacy in English use on social media of tertiary ...

    English language is gradually becoming the world's lingua franca, and the social media has broken all barriers to human connections and divides. The world has indeed become an e-village with social media as the platform and English language as the medium. This study examined the use of perceived self-efficacy in the ...

  5. Neo-Liberalism, Globalization, Language Policy and Practice Issues in the Asia-Pacific Region

    Majhanovich, Suzanne

    2014-01-01

    By the beginning of the twenty-first century, the English language had become the de facto "lingua franca" of the modern world. It is the most popular second or foreign language studied, such that now there are more people who have learned English as a second language and speak it with some competence than there are native English…

  6. The International Status of English for Intercultural Understanding in Taiwan's High School EFL Textbooks

    Su, Ya-Chen

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to evaluate linguistic and cultural issues around the status of English as a lingua franca and intercultural understanding as presented in one set of Taiwan's (English as a Foreign Language (EFL) high school textbooks. The methodology centres on the analysis of textbook content as categorized in three central themes:…

  7. L2 Learners' Assessments of Accentedness, Fluency, and Comprehensibility of Native and Nonnative German Speech

    O'Brien, Mary Grantham

    2014-01-01

    In early stages of classroom language learning, many adult second language (L2) learners communicate primarily with one another, yet we know little about which speech stream characteristics learners tune into or the extent to which they understand this lingua franca communication. In the current study, 25 native English speakers learning German as…

  8. Long-term convergence of speech rhythm in L1 and L2 English

    Quené, H; Orr, Rosemary

    2014-01-01

    When talkers from various language backgrounds use L2 English as a lingua franca, their accents of English are expected to converge, and talkers’ rhythmical patterns are predicted to converge too. Prosodic convergence was studied among talkers who lived in a community where L2 English is used

  9. Identity Transition and Career Development of Chinese BE Teachers under the Context of BELF

    Guihang, Guo; Dan, Li

    2018-01-01

    Business English as a lingua franca (BELF) has aroused increasing research interest in the fields of English for Specific Purposes (ESP) and business communication. In China, Business English as an undergraduate program was approved by the Ministry of Education in 2006 and Business English Studies as a discipline and postgraduate program was…

  10. Anxiety and depression in caregivers of individuals with celiac disease - A population-based study.

    Ludvigsson, Jonas F; Roy, Abhik; Lebwohl, Benjamin; Green, Peter H R; Emilsson, Louise

    2017-03-01

    Partner burden is common in celiac disease (CD), but it is unclear if parents of children with CD have increased burden, and if this may translate into depression and anxiety meriting healthcare. Nationwide population-based study of 41,753 parents and spouses ("caregivers") to 29,096 celiac patients and 215,752 caregivers to 144,522 matched controls. Caregivers were identified from the Swedish Total Population Register, and linked to data on psychiatric disease in the National Patient Registry. Hazard ratios (HRs) for depression, anxiety, and (as a reference outcome measure) bipolar disorder were examined in a lifetime fashion but also in temporal relationship to date of CD diagnosis using Cox regression. A priori, we focused on parents of individuals diagnosed ≤19 years of age (children at the age of disease onset) and spouses of individuals diagnosed in adulthood, as such parents and spouses ("high-risk caregivers") were most likely to live together with the patient at time of disease onset. On Cox analysis, depression was 11% more common in high-risk caregivers (HR=1.11: 95%CI=1.03-1.19) than in control caregivers while anxiety was 7% more common (HR=1.07: 95%CI=0.98-1.16). Combining anxiety and depression into a composite outcome measure, there was an 8% statistically significant risk increase (95%CI=1.02-1.14). The highest excess risks for both depression and anxiety were seen just before and 4-8 years after the CD diagnosis. In contrast, bipolar disorder was not more common in caregivers to CD patients. Caregivers to patients with CD may be at increased risk of severe burden. Copyright © 2016 Editrice Gastroenterologica Italiana S.r.l. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  11. Systemic thrombolysis of portal vein thrombosis in cirrhotic patients: a pilot study.

    De Santis, Adriano; Moscatelli, Rosanna; Catalano, Carlo; Iannetti, Antonio; Gigliotti, Francesca; Cristofari, Francesca; Trapani, Silvia; Attili, Adolfo F

    2010-06-01

    Portal vein thrombosis is a frequent complication in liver cirrhosis. Encouraging reports of systemic thrombolysis in non-cirrhotic patients suffering from acute portal vein thrombosis led us to start a pilot study on the efficacy and safety of systemic low dose recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (Actilyse, Boheringer Ingelheim, Florence, Italy). Nine cirrhotic patients (6 males and 3 females) with recent portal vein thrombosis were enrolled. Exclusion criteria were portal cavernomatosis, recent (30 days) surgery, active bleeding, hepatocellular carcinoma and cancer in other sites. All cases were treated for a maximum of 7 days by continuous i.v. infusion of 0.25mg/kg/die of r-tPA plus subcutaneous low molecular weight heparin. Efficacy was evaluated by colour doppler sonography monitoring and confirmed by contrast enhanced computerized tomography. The combined r-tPA/LMWH treatment was well tolerated without clinically significant side effects. Complete resolution of thrombosis occurred in 4 cases, partial regression in 4 and none in 1. Retreatment of a complete recurrence in 1 patient was successful. Variceal pressure dropped from 30.7+/-4.5 mmHg to 21.2+/-6.6 mmHg (p=0.012). Our preliminary data demonstrate that thrombolytic treatment of recent portal vein thrombosis with i.v. r-tPA and LMWH in patients with cirrhosis appears to be safe and effective and can significantly reduce pressure in oesophageal varices. Copyright 2009 Editrice Gastroenterologica Italiana S.r.l. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  12. Nationwide population-based cohort study of celiac disease and risk of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome and joint hypermobility syndrome.

    Laszkowska, Monika; Roy, Abhik; Lebwohl, Benjamin; Green, Peter H R; Sundelin, Heléne E K; Ludvigsson, Jonas F

    2016-09-01

    Patients with celiac disease (CD) often have articular complaints, and small prior studies suggest an association with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS)/joint hypermobility syndrome (JHS). This study examines the risks of EDS/JHS in patients with CD. This cohort study compared all individuals in Sweden diagnosed with CD based on small intestinal biopsy between 1969-2008 (n=28,631) to 139,832 matched reference individuals, and to a second reference group undergoing biopsy without having CD (n=16,104). Rates of EDS/JHS were determined based on diagnostic codes in the Swedish Patient Register. Hazard ratios (HRs) for EDS/JHS were estimated through Cox regression. There are 45 and 148 cases of EDS/JHS in patients with CD and reference individuals, respectively. This corresponds to a 49% increased risk of EDS/JHS in CD (95%CI=1.07-2.07). The HR for EDS was 2.43 (95%CI=1.20-4.91) and for JHS 1.34 (95%CI=0.93-1.95). Compared to reference individuals undergoing intestinal biopsy, CD was not a risk factor for EDS/JHS. A stronger association was seen in patients initially diagnosed with EDS/JHS and subsequently diagnosed with CD (odds ratio=2.29; 95%CI=1.21-4.34). Individuals with CD have higher risk of EDS/JHS than the general population, which may be due to surveillance bias or factors intrinsic to celiac development. Copyright © 2016 Editrice Gastroenterologica Italiana S.r.l. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  13. Nota a margine del convegno di studi "La valorizzazione dell’eredità culturale in Italia" (Macerata, 5-6 novembre 2015 / Remarks on the conference "La valorizzazione dell’eredità culturale in Italia" (Macerata, November 5-6, 2015

    Mara Cerquetti

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Si fornisce qui una serie di riflessioni a margine del convegno di studi La valorizzazione dell’eredità culturale in Italia (Macerata, 5-6 novembre 2015, tenendo conto sia dei cambiamenti che di recente hanno interessato il sistema dei beni culturali in ambito nazionale sia delle mancate innovazioni del settore. La discussione ruota intorno ad alcuni divari e asimmetrie di carattere culturale e generazionale che contraddistinguono l’anomalia italiana. Senza fornire una recensione puntuale e sistematica di tutti gli aspetti affrontati in sede di convegno, si mettono in relazione le principali criticità emerse durante la discussione con altrettante questioni emergenti nel dibattito sull’argomento, con particolare attenzione ai temi del lavoro e dell’occupazione nel settore dei beni culturali.  This paper provides a series of reflections concerning the conference La valorizzazione dell’eredità culturale in Italia (Macerata, November 5-6, 2015, taking into account both the changes that have recently affected the cultural heritage system in Italy and the failed innovations of the heritage sector. The discussion is focused on some gaps and cultural and generational asymmetries that characterize the Italian anomaly. Without providing a detailed and systematic review of all the aspects addressed in the conference, the main problems that emerged during the discussion are related with as many emerging issues in the debate on this topic, with particular attention to labour and employment in the cultural heritage sector.

  14. Monte Carlo simulation tool for online treatment monitoring in hadrontherapy with in-beam PET: A patient study.

    Fiorina, E; Ferrero, V; Pennazio, F; Baroni, G; Battistoni, G; Belcari, N; Cerello, P; Camarlinghi, N; Ciocca, M; Del Guerra, A; Donetti, M; Ferrari, A; Giordanengo, S; Giraudo, G; Mairani, A; Morrocchi, M; Peroni, C; Rivetti, A; Da Rocha Rolo, M D; Rossi, S; Rosso, V; Sala, P; Sportelli, G; Tampellini, S; Valvo, F; Wheadon, R; Bisogni, M G

    2018-05-07

    Hadrontherapy is a method for treating cancer with very targeted dose distributions and enhanced radiobiological effects. To fully exploit these advantages, in vivo range monitoring systems are required. These devices measure, preferably during the treatment, the secondary radiation generated by the beam-tissue interactions. However, since correlation of the secondary radiation distribution with the dose is not straightforward, Monte Carlo (MC) simulations are very important for treatment quality assessment. The INSIDE project constructed an in-beam PET scanner to detect signals generated by the positron-emitting isotopes resulting from projectile-target fragmentation. In addition, a FLUKA-based simulation tool was developed to predict the corresponding reference PET images using a detailed scanner model. The INSIDE in-beam PET was used to monitor two consecutive proton treatment sessions on a patient at the Italian Center for Oncological Hadrontherapy (CNAO). The reconstructed PET images were updated every 10 s providing a near real-time quality assessment. By half-way through the treatment, the statistics of the measured PET images were already significant enough to be compared with the simulations with average differences in the activity range less than 2.5 mm along the beam direction. Without taking into account any preferential direction, differences within 1 mm were found. In this paper, the INSIDE MC simulation tool is described and the results of the first in vivo agreement evaluation are reported. These results have justified a clinical trial, in which the MC simulation tool will be used on a daily basis to study the compliance tolerances between the measured and simulated PET images. Copyright © 2018 Associazione Italiana di Fisica Medica. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  15. A study of Staphylococcus aureusnasal carriage, antibacterial resistance and virulence factor encoding genes in a tertiary care hospital, Kayseri, Turkey.

    Oguzkaya-Artan, M; Artan, C; Baykan, Z; Sakalar, C; Turan, A; Aksu, H

    2015-01-01

    This study was to determine the virulence encoding genes, and the antibiotic resistance patterns of the Staphylococcus aureus isolates, which were isolated from the nasal samples of chest clinic patients. The nasal samples of the in-patients (431) and out-patients (1857) in Kayseri Training and Research Hospital's Chest Clinic, Kayseri, Turkey, were cultured on CHROMagar (Biolife, Italiana) S. aureus, and subcultured on sheep blood agar for the isolation of S. aureus. Disc diffusion method was used for antimicrobial susceptibility testing. The occurrence of the staphylococcal virulence encoding genes (enterotoksins [sea, seb, sec, see, seg, seh, sei, sej], fibronectin-binding proteins A, B [fnbA, fnbB], toxic shock syndrome toxin-1 [tst]) were detected by polymerase chain reaction. Forty-five of the 55 (81.8%) S. aureus isolates from inpatients, and 319 (90.6%) isolates from tested 352 out-patient's isolates were suspected to all the antibiotics tested. methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) was detected in 1.2% of S. aureus isolates. Rifampin, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, clindamycin, erythromycin, gentamicin resistance rates were 1.2%, 1.7%, 2.0%, 8.8%, and 1.2%, respectively. The isolates were susceptible to teicoplanin and vancomycin. The genes most frequently found were tst (92.7%), seg (85.8%), sea (83.6%), fnbA (70.9%). There was no statistical significance detected between MRSA and mecA-negative S. aureus isolates in encoding genes distribution (P > 0.05). Our results show that virulence factor encoding genes were prevalent in patients with S. aureus carriage, whereas antibiotic resistance was low. These virulence determinants may increase the risk for subsequent invasive infections in carriers.

  16. Biancaneve a Marrakesh

    Manuela Ottaviani

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available  In ambito glottodidattico Glottodrama e Process Drama sono solo due delle molteplici declinazioni in cui  trovano spazio tecniche e metodi teatrali. Come in ogni approccio l’insegnante deve saper creare di volta in volta la commistione giusta dei vari strumenti per rispondere in modo adeguato e con successo alle specifiche esigenze apprenditive di gruppi di apprendenti differenti. Dopo un’introduzione teorica, l’autrice illustra un progetto innovativo di teatro e lingua seconda realizzato tra aprile e giugno 2012 nel comune di Gorla Maggiore (Va con un gruppo di immigrate magrebine. Dalla lettura emerge come l’analisi dettagliata dei bisogni linguistici-comunicativi e la riflessione sociolinguistica e metacognitiva del gruppo delle apprendenti consenta l’integrazione di modelli e tecniche diverse per un approccio teatrale alla lingua italiana “su misura”.  Snow White in Marrakesh In the field of language teaching Glottodrama and Process Drama are just two of the many ways in which theater techniques and methods are implemented. As with any approach, the teacher must be able to create the right mixture of various tools to respond appropriately and successfully to the specific needs of groups of different learners. After a theoretical introduction, the author describes an innovative theater and second language project carried out April and June 2012 in the municipality of Gorla Maggiore (Va with a group of North African immigrants. There is a detailed analysis of the linguistic-communicative needs and sociolinguistic and metacognitive reflection by the group of learners whichallows for the integration of models and techniques for a theatrical approach to “tailored” Italian language teaching.

  17. Phase III randomized trial comparing 5-fluorouracil and oxaliplatin with or without docetaxel in first-line advanced gastric cancer chemotherapy (GASTFOX study).

    Zaanan, Aziz; Samalin, Emmanuelle; Aparicio, Thomas; Bouche, Olivier; Laurent-Puig, Pierre; Manfredi, Sylvain; Michel, Pierre; Monterymard, Carole; Moreau, Marie; Rougier, Philippe; Tougeron, David; Taieb, Julien; Louvet, Christophe

    2018-04-01

    In advanced gastric cancer, doublet regimen including platinum salts and fluoropyrimidine is considered as a standard first-line treatment. The addition of docetaxel (75 mg/m 2  q3w) to cisplatin (75 mg/m 2  q3w) and 5-fluorouracil has been shown to improve efficacy. However, this regimen (DCF) was associated with frequent severe toxicities (including more complicated neutropenia), limiting its use in clinical practice. Interesting alternative docetaxel-based regimens have been developed that need to be validated. GASTFOX study is a randomized phase III trial comparing FOLFOX alone or with docetaxel at 50 mg/m 2 (TFOX regimen) in first-line treatment for advanced gastric cancer. In both arms, cycle is repeated every 2 weeks until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Main eligibility criteria: histologically proven locally advanced or metastatic gastric or esogastric junction adenocarcinoma, HER negative status, measurable disease, ECOG performance status 0 or 1, and adequate renal, hepatic and bone marrow functions. The primary endpoint is radiological/clinical progression-free survival (PFS). A difference of 2 months for the median PFS in favor of TFOX is expected (HR = 0.73) Based on a two-sided α risk of 5% and a power of 90%, 454 events are required to show this difference. Secondary endpoints included overall survival, overall response rate, safety, quality of life and the therapeutic index. This study is planned to include 506 patients to demonstrate the superiority of TFOX over FOLFOX in first-line advanced gastric cancer treatment (NCT03006432). Copyright © 2018 Editrice Gastroenterologica Italiana S.r.l. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  18. Influence of K-ras status and anti-tumour treatments on complications due to colorectal self-expandable metallic stents: a retrospective multicentre study.

    Fuccio, Lorenzo; Correale, Loredana; Arezzo, Alberto; Repici, Alessandro; Manes, Gianpiero; Trovato, Cristina; Mangiavillano, Benedetto; Manno, Mauro; Cortelezzi, Claudio Camillo; Dinelli, Marco; Cennamo, Vincenzo; de Bellis, Mario

    2014-06-01

    This study aimed to explore the relationship between K-ras status, anti-tumour treatments, and the complications of colorectal self-expandable metallic stenting in colorectal cancer. This is a retrospective, multicentre study of 91 patients with obstructive advanced colorectal cancer palliated with enteral stents between 2007 and 2011. K-ras wild-type tumours were diagnosed in 44 patients (48.4%); 82 (90.1%) received chemotherapy and 45 (49.4%) had additional biological therapy (34 bevacizumab, 11 cetuximab). Twenty-one (23.1%) experienced stent-related complications: 11 (52.4%) occurred in the K-ras mutant group (P=0.9). K-ras wild-type patients were not less likely to develop adverse events than K-ras mutant patients (OR, 0.99; 95% CI: 0.4-2.7). Overall mean time to complication was 167.6 days (range 4-720 days), with no difference between the two groups (141 vs. 197 days; P=0.5). Chemotherapy did not influence the risk of complications (OR, 0.56; 95% CI: 0.14-2.9), and there was no evidence that patients treated with chemotherapy and cetuximab were more likely to experience stent-related complications than patients treated with chemotherapy alone, or untreated (OR, 1.2; 95% CI: 0.2-5.9). Although perforation rates were higher with bevacizumab-based treatment (11.8% vs. 7%), this result was not statistically significant (P=0.69). K-ras mutation status, chemotherapy, and biological treatments should not influence colorectal stent-related complication rates. Copyright © 2014 Editrice Gastroenterologica Italiana S.r.l. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  19. Premi letterari e traduzioni (1990-2012: il caso Spagna-Italia

    Simone Cattaneo

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available In un contesto globalizzato, in cui l’industria culturale iberica e l’editoria italiana sono state al centro di cambi epocali che le hanno convertite in vasi comunicanti soggetti alle leggi dell’economia mondiale e della società dello spettacolo, può essere utile analizzare come le case editrici della nostra penisola abbiano accolto, negli ultimi vent’anni (dal 1990 al 2012, gli autori e i libri vincitori e finalisti di cinque storici premi letterari spagnoli (il Nadal, il Planeta, il Premio Herralde de Novela, il Nacional de Narrativa e il Nacional de la Crítica poiché, a partire da un quadro d’insieme delle opere tradotte, è possibile, basandosi sulle trame dei volumi e sulle pubblicazioni in lingua italiana che hanno preceduto o seguito la loro stampa, elaborare congetture in merito alle linee guida recentemente adottate da un buon numero di editori nostrani e, al contempo, stilare bilanci riguardo all’impatto della narrativa spagnola nell’attuale mercato librario italiano. In a globalized world, both Spanish and Italian publishing industries have been subjected to radical changes that transformed them into communicating vessels prone to economic laws and dependant on the mechanisms of the society of the spectacle. In such a context, it would be useful to analyse the interest showed in the last twenty years (from 1990 to 2012 by Italian publishing houses towards writers and books distinguished with some of the most notorious Spanish literary awards (Nadal, Planeta, Herralde de Novela, Nacional de Narrativa, Nacional de la Crítica. In this way, starting from a brief abstract of the awarded plots and from an overview of the existing Italian translations of their authors, it would be possible to conjecture some of the recent guidelines followed by Italian publishers and, at the same time, thus would allow us to evaluate the impact of Spanish narrative in our book market.

  20. Il ‘volto’ dei libri: Analisi ed evoluzione delle copertine, nell’epoca d’oro dell’editoria italiana

    Ottavio Sellitti

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Recensione di: Giovanna Zaganelli (a cura di, Letteratura in copertina: Collane di narrativa in biblioteca tra il 1950 e il 1980, Bologna, Logo Fausto Lupetti editore, 2013, 176 p., ISBN: 9788895962986, € 24,00.

  1. Modelli di acquisto di e-book per le biblioteche dell'università italiana. Tre piattaforme a confronto (EBL, Ebrary, Ebsco

    Giovanna Frigimelica

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, the spread of ebooks has grown exponentially. 24/7 availability, portability, the advanced tools offered by platforms make this product particularly interesting for academic libraries, which are in an experimental phase with regard to the selection and acquisition of ebooks. The article analyzes three platforms (EBL, Ebrary, EBSCO, to find out whether an Italian medium-sized university library can buy foreign titles in electronic rather than paper, and under what conditions. It provides information about titles catalog, business models, features available. The cut is practical/experimental, since the comparison among the platforms is based on a set, used as a representative sample, of 150 monographs, published in the last 5 years by different publishers and purchased on paper.

  2. De la conservación a la desmembración. Las provincias italianas y la Monarquía de España

    Antonio ÁLVAREZ-OSSORIO ALVARIÑO

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: La Guerra de Sucesión Española fue simultáneamente un conflicto civil e internacional y la divisoria entre austracistas y borbónicos funciona tanto en España como en otros lugares de la Monarquía y naturalmente en Italia. No obstante, antes y después de la paz de Utrecht (1714 pueden observarse continuidades que discurren al margen de la aparentemente radical desaparición del poder español en suelo italiano. Las élites, desde la crisis política de la década de 1640 y la quiebra del poder hegemónico español en Europa, tuvieron un papel crecientemente autónomo y una mayor responsabilidad política adquirida a través de la compra de oficios y de las concesiones de la Corona para garantizar su lealtad. El resultado fue que los cambios de soberanía no implicaron abruptos cambios en la jerarquía social, fueron cambios en la cúspide del poder, de modo que las familias que dominaban la vida política y social prácticamente mantuvieron su preeminencia, salvo algunos casos que, ya en el lado borbónico ya en el habsbúrgico, mantuvieron viva la llama del irredentismo.ABSTRACT: The Spanish Succession War was a civil and international conflict. It remarks the end of Spanish dominion in Italy, but it was the end of a long process of desegregation and not a fortuity happening. It's a long term process more complex than an explanation of a falling down of an Empire. The Italian elites from 1640 were increasingly autonomous and, the weakly Spanish power, give them more authority in the second half of the century. They gained a position that determines that after the threats of Utrecht and Rastadt the change of sovereignty did not disturb, essentially, the dairy life, business and social behavior of the Italian elites (with the exception of singular personalities and a little group of families.

  3. Coleccionista de Arena. La comisión médico - quirúrgica Italiana en el Altiplano Boliviano (1875 - 1877.

    Irina Podgorny.

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores the itineraries in the bolivian highlands of guido bennatti and his fellow travelers around 1876, with particular focus on the observations and collections from tiahuanaco and the titicaca lake. visible only regionally, the scale of these trips remains a pending task that must be rebuilt through a bureaucratic investigation records, brochures and regional daily press. this work forms a link in this project

  4. The last "pest". The fox in the Italian law and in the actual hunting management / L'ultimo "nocivo". La Volpe nella legislazione italiana e nella pratica venatoria

    Fabio Cassola

    1991-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract In the general mentality as well as in the actual hunting management of the Italian territory, the fox Vulpes vulpes has largely replaced the wolf Canis lupus as the target of abnormal and injustified destructive efforts. By exagerating its predatory pressure on domestic and game animals, and more recently as an asserted anti-rabies measure, the control of fox populations still continue to be heady practised in most regions, even where (such as in Tuscany, central Italy the rabies desease did not arrive. Some official data are given about foxes killed and rewards paid in several areas in the Eighties, for a total amount of several tens of thousands foxes (nearly 2,000 in the Siena province alone yearly and some milliards lira. The absurdity of such management policy and the damage indirectly caused to the agriculture are emphasized, as well as the need of stopping at last any persecution of predatory or so-called "pest" animals. Riassunto Nella mentalità popolare e nella quotidiana gestione venatoria del territorio, la Volpe Vulpes vulpes sembra aver ormai sostituito il Lupo Canis lupus come oggetto catalizzatore di abnormi e ingiustificati sforzi distruttivi. Esagerandone l'entità della predazione su animali domestici e selvatici, e più recentemente con il pretesto di diradarne le popolazioni come asserita misura di profilassi antirabbica, si continua assurdamente in molte regioni italiane a condurre operazioni di "controllo" della Volpe che perpetuano nei fatti l'anti-ecologica e ormai inaccettabile "lotta ai nocivi". Vengono in particolare qui riferiti alcuni dati ufficiali, provenienti anche da regioni, come la Toscana, mai toccate dall'epidemia di rabbia silvestre degli anni 1977-1986, relativi agli abbattimenti di volpi e ai premi pagati nel corso dell'ultimo decennio, per un totale di parecchie decine di migliaia di volpi uccise (quasi 2000 ogni anno nella sola provincia di Siena e di diversi miliardi di lire. Si sottolineano l'assurdità di tali pratiche gestionali, l'indiretto danno così arrecato all'agricoltura, e la necessità di abbandonare definitivamente qualsiasi prassi persecutoria nei confronti degli animali predatori in genere.

  5. Uma particularidade italiana? Psicanálise, modernização e sociologia do consumo na Itália dos anos 1960

    Mauro Pasqualini

    Full Text Available Resumo Durante os anos 1960, a psicanálise experimentou uma expansão notável na Itália. Um dos cenários da crescente difusão de teorias psicanalíticas foi o mundo de marketing e sociologia do consumo. Com base no caso do sociólogo Francesco Alberoni, podemos examinar o impacto das teorias de Melanie Klein para entender o comportamento dos consumidores. Da mesma forma, o “caso Alberoni” serve para observar as preocupações e incertezas sobre a modernização social na Itália e também para perguntar sobre as especificidades da crescente importância da psicanálise na Itália na década de 1960.

  6. Una obra maestra de la escultura gótica italiana: el Crucificado de Santa María de Muros (A Coruña

    Singul, Francisco

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The monumental gothic crucifix of Santa María del Camino (Muros represents the major known work of tuscany XIVth century wood sculpture. In this paper the piece and its context –in Italy and Galicia-, the master style and iconographical aspects are analized. Late medieval foreign trade between Galicia and Italy as well as the import of mediterranean works of art are also considered.

    El monumental Crucificado gótico de Santa María del Camino (Muros es la más importante representación conocida de la escultura toscana, en madera policromada, del siglo XIV. En este artículo se analizan la pieza y su contexto –en Italia y en Galicia-, el estilo del maestro y la iconografía. De igual modo también se tratan aspectos como el comercio bajomedieval entre Galicia e Italia, así como la importación de obras de arte del Mediterráneo.

  7. Violenze e incendi nella realtà italiana e francese / Violence and arson in Italy and France / Violence et incendies en Italie et en France

    Raffaella Sette

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this article is to analyze the difference between two European realities (Italy and France concerning fire related damage.In particular, we will focus on the Italian criminal organizations of today which acquire their wealth in an illicit way by blackmailing the owners of commercial activities and which, if the latter refuse to pay, inflict severe punishments on the shopkeeper or the entrepeneur, for example systematic destruction, even with fire, of the store or the industrial plant. On this subject, we will analyze the fundamental role played by the victims.Violence and destruction also characterize the riots in the French suburbs, particularly in the autumn 2005. On this subject, thanks to the various points of view, the article is a reflection of why “ordinary” young people of the “inner cities” have taken part in these events.Cet article a pour objectif d'analyser la différence entre deux contextes européens (l'Italie et la France en ce qui concerne le choix du feu dans le but de provoquer des dégâts.Il prend tout particulièrement en considération les organisations criminelles italiennes actuelles qui arrivent à acquérir des richesses de façon illicite en faisant du chantage aux patrons des activités productives et qui, si ces derniers refusent de payer, punissent sévèrement le commerçant ou l'entrepeneur, en détruisant systématiquement par le feu le magasin ou l'établissement industriel. À ce propos, l'article analysera le rôle fondamental joué par les victimes.Violence et destruction caractérisent aussi les émeutes dans les banlieues françaises, comme en automne 2005. À ce sujet, partant de différents points de vue, l'article propose une réflexion sur ce qui a poussé des jeunes "ordinaires" des banlieues dites "sensibles" à y participer.

  8. Escenario de la presencia italiana en La Plata : El edificio del Banco de la provincia de Buenos Aires como objeto de análisis

    Carbonari, Fabiana Andrea; Grandis, María Belén de

    2015-01-01

    El presente artículo se inscribe en el plan de trabajo de la Beca Interna de Entrenamiento en Investigación de la FAU denominada Italianos en la ciudad de La Plata. El caso del Banco Provincia de la ciudad de La Plata que, durante el ciclo lectivo 2015 desarrolla la Arq. María Belén de Grandis con dirección de la Esp. Arq. Fabiana Carbonari. La misma tiene por objetivo realizar el estudio histórico sistemático del Banco de la Provincia de Buenos Aires. En ese sentido, propone analizar las tra...

  9. ISES International Solar Energy Society working committee report. Comitati di lavoro ISES: Rapporto del Comitato Energia Fotovoltaica della Sezione Italiana dell'ISES

    Belcastro, G.N. (Ente Nazionale per l' Energia Elettrica, Rome (Italy)); De Lillo, A.; Messana, C. (ENEA, Casaccia (Italy). Area Energetica)

    In Italy, the potential for photovoltaic power production has been estimated at about 40,000 billion kWh/year. Given that this nation's total power demand is about 200 billion kWh/year, it's obvious that even the limited use of this renewable energy source would significantly reduce national dependency on foreign energy supplies. In this context, this paper assesses the prospects for the development of photovoltaic energy in Italy. The various aspects covered include: the current level of technology and national manufacturing capabilities; planned R D investments to the year 2000; current and future solar cell and module efficiency levels; the most promising solar cell materials; photovoltaic equipment manufacturing costs; grid connected demonstration plants operating world-wide; photovoltaic power production costs; environmental impacts; world market structure and major manufacturers; suitable applications; and legislated Italian national development incentives.

  10. Produtividade de híbridos de abobrinha italiana cultivados sob diferentes coberturas de solo Yield of italian hibrid squash on different soil coverings

    JR Olinik

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Um experimento foi realizado na empresa Sakata Seed Sudamerica Ltda., em Bragança Paulista-SP, de 22 de agosto a 11 de outubro de 2006, com o objetivo de avaliar diferentes tipos de materiais para cobertura do solo e seu efeito na ocorrência de frutos com sintomas de viroses e na produtividade de dois híbridos de abobrinha. O delineamento experimental utilizado foi de blocos casualizados, com quatro repetições. Os tratamentos foram arranjados em esquema de parcelas subdivididas, sendo as parcelas constituídas por seis tipos de cobertura de solo (polietileno preto, polietileno prata, polietileno branco, polipropileno preto, casca de arroz e solo descoberto; as sub-parcelas foram constituídas de dois híbridos de abobrinha [Novita Plus (cv. tipo caserta e Samira (cv. tipo libanesa]. Observou-se que a técnica de cobertura de solo com plástico, independentemente da coloração utilizada, mostrou-se superior ao solo descoberto para todas as características avaliadas. Entre os tipos de materiais coube o destaque para o polietileno prata que promoveu a maior produtividade e menor infecção de viroses, em relação às demais coberturas de solo. Entre os híbridos, Novita Plus foi superior a Samira para as características de pegamento de frutos, número de frutos por planta e produtividade, além de apresentar 12% a menos de frutos com sintomas de viroses em relação à Samira. Para o híbrido Novita Plus, cabe destacar que a detecção da ocorrência de sintomas de viroses nos frutos teve início somente a partir da oitava colheita nos tratamentos com polietileno prata, branco e casca de arroz. Para 'Samira', os sintomas nos frutos começaram já na segunda colheita nos tratamentos com solo descoberto e polipropileno preto, e a partir da quarta para as outras coberturas de solo.The experiment was carried out in an area of Sakata Seed Sudamerica Ltda. in Bragança Paulista, Brazil, from August 22nd to October 11th, 2006, to evaluate different types of materials for soil covering and its effect on fruits with virus symptoms and on the yield of two hybrids of squash. The experimental design was randomized blocks, with four replications. The treatments followed a split-plot cheme, evaluating six soil coverings (black, silver and white polyethylene, black polypropylene, rice husk and bare soil and two hybrids [(Novita Plus (cv. type Caserta and Samira (cv. type Libanese]. The technique of plastic soil covering, independently of the material used, was superior to bare soil. Among the materials the treatments using silver polyethylene promoted the highest yield and the lowest percentage of fruits with viruses in comparison to the other soil coverings. Among the hybrids, Novita Plus was superior to Samira in relation to the characteristics of fruit set, number of fruits per plants and yield, besides presenting 12% less fruits with virus symptoms in relation to Samira. For 'Novita Plus', the occurrence of virus symptoms began only at the eighth harvest on the treatments using silver and white polyethylene and rice husk. For 'Samira' the symptoms started at the second harvest on plants submitted to bare soil or black polypropylene and at fourth harvest on the other treatments.

  11. Le fluttuazioni della bilancia dei pagamenti italiana (The fluctuations in Italy’s balance of payments: an empirical analysis of the classical theory

    G. TULLIO

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The present work provides a theoretical framework of reference in order to interpret the fluctuations in Italy’s balance of payments in the post-war period. Such a framework can help to explain the flows of international reserves, even under flexible exchange rates, and may easily be adapted to the analysis of the exchange rate itself. The author first develops a "medium to long term" theoretical model for a "small country", before deriving the equation for the balance of payments to be estimated with annual data. The results of the empirical estimates, which cover the period 1051-1973, are then presented. JEL: E42, F21, F32

  12. Tradurre per comprendere: colpa, pentimento e rinascita in “Semejnoe sčast’e” di Lev Tolstoj e nella traduzione italiana di Clemente Rebora

    Anna Bonola

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This essay deals with the issue of guilt, repentance and rebirth in the short novel Semejnoe sčast’e (Family Happiness by Lev N. Tolstoy (1859. The author first considers the concepts of ‘offense’ , ‘repentance’ and ‘forgiveness’ through an analysis of the Russian terminology used by Tolstoy for these semantic fields (obida, dosada, vina, raskajanie, pokajanie; next, in an analysis of Clemente Rebora’s Italian translation (1920, special attention is paid to the differences from the original text that signal the translator’s interpretive reading, which, at the same time, becomes a tool for understanding it. It is shown how, in the transition from Russian into Italian, semantic shifts and phonetic symbolism add a mystical tension to the original Tolstoyan text which is typical of the poetry of Clemente Rebora.

  13. Gli italo-somali dell’Amministrazione Fiduciaria Italiana della Somalia (AFIS: una memoria dimenticata tra le pagine dell’Italia postcoloniale

    Michele Pandolfo

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available At the end of the Second World War the United Nations gave to Italy a special protectorate on the own former colony by the International Trusteeship System of Somalia, which concludes in 1960. During the Fifties there are many relationships between the italian men and the somali women: from these liaisons there are a lot of children which have different destinies and their history represents one of the heredity of the italian past in Africa. From this italo-somali métissage, rises an association who asks the recognition of all the pains suffered by a part of that community and in the same time it asks a collective reflections of the historic memories about the Trusteeship System.

  14. Practice parameters for early colon cancer management: Italian Society of Colorectal Surgery (Società Italiana di Chirurgia Colo-Rettale; SICCR) guidelines.

    Bianco, F; Arezzo, A; Agresta, F; Coco, C; Faletti, R; Krivocapic, Z; Rotondano, G; Santoro, G A; Vettoretto, N; De Franciscis, S; Belli, A; Romano, G M

    2015-10-01

    Early colon cancer (ECC) has been defined as a carcinoma with invasion limited to the submucosa regardless of lymph node status and according to the Royal College of Pathologists as TNM stage T1 NX M0. As the potential risk of lymph node metastasis ranges from 6 to 17% and the preoperative assessment of lymph node metastasis is not reliable, the management of ECC is still controversial, varying from endoscopic to radical resection. A meeting on recent advances on the management of colorectal polyps endorsed by the Italian Society of Colorectal Surgery (SICCR) took place in April 2014, in Genoa (Italy). Based on this material the SICCR decided to issue guidelines updating the evidence and to write a position statement paper in order to define the diagnostic and therapeutic strategy for ECC treatment in context of the Italian healthcare system.

  15. Migrazione ed Esperienza Teatrale. Dinamiche Transnazionali ed Integrazione nell’incontro tra un migrante senegalese e la società italiana

    Stefano degli Uberti

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper is drawn from the data collected during the research fieldwork that I carried out between June and December 2003. The present article reconstructs and analyses the experience of a Senegalese migrant who arrived in Italy in 1987 and achieved the own social recognition as actor in a contemporary drama company. A first theoretical part draws a critical review of anthropological literature concerning the phenomenon of “migration” and the concept of “performance”. Sustained by these theoretical premises, the research will be directed toward the comprehension of his theatrical experience (by a human and professional point of view, and the genesis of a form of métis theatre (intercultural which develops from the common contribute of Italian and African migrant artists. To this regard, I focus the attention on the particular meanings and value assumed by the traditional figure of the griot (the core figure in the oral tradition of many African populations through his artistic dramatisation. This paper aims at shedding light on the transnational dynamics that shapes the experience of this Senegalese migrant and at showing how, in this case, the theatrical space can become both the common ground where people of different culture develop a confrontation and new means of expression, and the meaningful context where an immigrant is able to face and attribute a new sense to the dramatic existential condition that he had to endure after the forced decision of migrating.

  16. Representações Sociais de Mulher Cigana entre População Não-Cigana Brasileira e Italiana: Ancoragem Psicológica e Social

    Mariana Bonomo

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available RESUMO Referenciados pela abordagem não consensual da Teoria das Representações Sociais, objetivou-se investigar os processos de ancoragem psicológica e social frente às representações sociais de mulher cigana, o que permite analisar a modulação dos objetos sociais a partir do posicionamento interindividual e das experiências compartilhadas pelos sujeitos da representação segundo seu contexto sociocultural de inserção. Participaram do estudo 643 sujeitos não ciganos, brasileiros e italianos, com idade média de 22,81 anos (DP=5,73. Aplicando a análise de correspondência lexical, o processo de ancoragem psicológica indicou a formulação de oito clusters, que caracterizam diferentes representações, segundo as dimensões: mágico-religiosa, maternidade e cuidado com o grupo-família, exclusão social e figuras do feminino. Por meio da análise do processo de ancoragem social, verificou-se que variáveis como contato, sexo e nacionalidade atuam na modulação dessas diferentes representações sobre o objeto, produzindo ambiguidades que, historicamente, têm orientado processos de discriminação contra grupos ciganos.

  17. Planificación y programación del mantenimiento en la fábrica de embutidos LA ITALIANA

    Sarango Puma, Victor David; Torres Díaz, Jairo Eduardo

    2010-01-01

    El mantenimiento es un servicio que agrupa una serie de actividades, cuya ejecución permite alcanzar un mayor grado de confiabilidad y disponibilidad en los equipos, máquinas, construcciones civiles e instalaciones; relacionado muy estrechamente en la prevención de accidentes y lesiones en el trabajador, pues permite mantener en buenas condiciones, la maquinaria, herramienta y equipos de trabajo. El diseño e implementación de cualquier sistema organizativo y su posterior informatización d...

  18. MODELOS DE VIRTUDE CRISTÃ: A PIA UNIÃO DAS FILHAS DE MARIA EM UMA PARÓQUIA DE ORIGEM ITALIANA

    Fabio Augusto Scarpim

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo tem por objetivo analisar uma associação religiosa feminina em uma paróquia formada por imigrantes italianos, situada no município de Campo Largo, Paraná; nas décadas de 1940 e 1960. A Pia União das Filhas de Maria foi uma das associações femininas leigas de maior peso da Igreja no contexto de romanização do catolicismo. Com o objetivo de implementar parâmetros de feminilidade, pautado nos ideais de pureza sexual, obediência, humildade e devoção, inspirados nos modelos das santas mães e/ou virgens como Maria e Inês, padroeiras da associação, definia-se o ideal de comportamento para as moças católicas. Das associadas era cobrado um comportamento bastante rígido que ia desde as vestimentas até os gestos, cuja fita azul (símbolo de pertencimento usada em meio às vestes brancas tinha forte apelo simbólico, pois atribuía a integrante uma identidade de moça respeitável, devota, pura, e que tinha um papel de destaque na Igreja. Nessa direção procuraremos enfatizar os modelos de virtude, os valores morais e o ideal de comportamento que a Igreja Católica buscou impor para um grupo de moças que serviriam de espelho para as demais. Da mesma maneira, procuraremos compreender como a experiência de fazer parte da Associação está presente na memória das jovens, bem como a sua importância na construção da identidade seja individual como coletiva na paróquia em estudo.

  19. On the Effectiveness of Military Institutions: Historical Case Studies from World War I, The Interwar Period and World War II. Volume 2. The Interwar Period

    1986-04-01

    Orange Plan (Orange was the color assigned to Japan In war games and planning exercises, prior to World War Z; Mexico was "Green," I Great Britain "Red...204. Renato Cov:no, I Gianpaoio Galio and Enrico )lantovand, "L’industria dali’ economia dl guerra alla ricostruzione" In PIerluJqJ Clocca and Giani...Tonlolo, eds., V . economia Italiana nel periodo fascista (Bologna, 3 1976), p. 189. S ,, ...... ... ... .... ..... .. ..., -. ,.. .. ,, , , ._ 1 398. 5

  20. The study of urban systems by indicators. State of the art and implementation problems; Lo studio dei sistemi urbani attraverso indicatori. Stato dell'arte e problematiche operative

    Del Ciello, R.; Napoleoni, S. [ENEA, Divisione Caratterizzazione dell' Ambiente e del Territorio, Centro Ricerche Casaccia, S. Maria di Galeria, RM (Italy)

    2001-07-01

    The purpose of this work is to define the state of the art about the problem of the indicators and their capability in reading and foreseeing the urban complexity. Therefore, the theoretical elaborations and the suggestions developed in the report try to convert the different contributions in the Italian and international literature in a frame-work, focusing on those arguments which assume a key role in the study of the urban areas: (a) the problematic definition of the administrative, physics and functional boarders of the cities; (b) the selection of the indicators that describe the urban areas; (c) the description and quality of life and of environment quality in the cities; (d) the sustainability in urban areas. [Italian] Il lavoro si propone di delineare lo stato dell'arte sul problema degli indicatori e sulla loro capacita' di leggere e prevedere la complessita' urbana. Le elaborazioni teoriche e i suggerimenti metodologici sviluppati nel rapporto tentano dunque di tradurre in protocolli di lavoro i diversi contributi prodotti negli ultimi anni nella letteratura italiana e internazionale concentrando in particolare l'attenzione su quei temi che all'interno dello studio dei sistemi urbani assumono un ruolo chiave: (a) la problematica definizione dei confini amministrativi, fisici e funzionali delle citta'; (b) la selezione degli indicatori che descrivono con piu' efficacia il sistema urbano; (c) le dimensioni e la misura della qualita' della vita e dell'ambiente nelle citta'; (d) la sostenibilita' all'interno dei sistemi urbani.

  1. Contributo allo studio della composizione delle parole : Raffronto contrastivo italiano-croato, croato-italiano. Primi risultati

    Zorica Vučetić

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available Nel presente lavoro si considerano le parole composte italiane e croate, e più pre­ cisamente nella fase moderna dell'italiano e del croato. L'approccio allo studio della composizione delle parole nelle due lingue è sincronico. Si prendono in considerazione solo parole motivate nella coscienza linguistica dei parlanti di oggi. La composizione delle parole, che unisce due o più elementi costitutivi, creando in tal modo nuove unità lessicali, è molto importante nella lingua italiana. Si distinguono due casi: in un gran numero di composti ii parlante continua ad identificare i due ele­ menti costitutivi dopo che la fusione è avvenuta (A+B=AB: in questo caso ii signifi­ cato del composto è la somma dei significati dei membri costitutivi e il composto è motivato nella consapevolezza linguistica dei parlanti di oggi; mentre in altri composti la fusione dei due elementi costitutivi dà origine a un nuovo significato (A+B=C, per cui i composti non sono motivati nella consapevolezza linguistica dei parlanti di oggi, quindi non sono trasparenti e dal punto di vista sincronico non sono parole composte, ma vanno studiati dal punto di vista diacronico.

  2. Scenario e ruoli sociali delle Associazioni teatrali non professionistiche italiane

    Cinzia Toscano

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper investigates the present scenario of the non-professional theater associations in Italy so as to understand their current form of organization. The study focuses on the changes that have characterized in time the non-professional associations (due also to the improvement of the legislation regulating the no profit sector and the social role in contemporary local communities. The survey was conducted within the two most relevant Italian associations of non-professional theater: the Italian Federation of non-professional Theatre (Federazione Italiana Teatro Amatori and the Italian Union of Free Theatre (Unione Italiana Libero Teatro.

  3. DAL "CRÈME CARAMEL" AL "CUPCAKE": L’INVASIONE DEGLI ANGLICISMI IN CUCINA, AL RISTORANTE E AL BAR

    Stefano Ondelli

    2018-01-01

    Gli studi disponibili sull’italiano della cucina notano come questa varietà linguistica sia sempre stata molto permeabile ai forestierismi. Tuttavia oggi l’inglese sembra aver scalzato il francese come lingua di provenienza della maggioranza dei prestiti che si rinvengono in ricette, recensioni di ristoranti e altri testi divulgativi di argomento enogastronomico. L’analisi automatica di un corpus comprendente articoli di vario genere pubblicati online conferma la numerosità dei prestiti non a...

  4. L’ITALIANO CHE INCLUDE: LA LINGUA PER NON ESSERE STRANIERI. ATTENZIONI E PROPOSTE PER UN PROGETTO DI FORMAZIONE LINGUISTICA NEL TEMPO DELLA PLURALITÀ

    Graziella Favaro

    2016-09-01

    Thoughts and proposals for language training in a plural world We present a document created by Group 1 of the National Observatory for the integration of foreign students and inter-culture “Teaching Italian as a second language and an enhancement of multilingualism”. The paper explores the aspects of Italian L2 in multicultural contexts and situations, the type of learners and their individual needs. Based on this analysis, thoughts and proposals on language training for adults and children, on the enhancement of multilingualism and on teacher training are formulated.

  5. Creating medical terminology: from Latin and Greek influence to the influence of English as the current lingua franca of medical communication

    Dobrić, Katja

    2013-01-01

    The language of medicine is a broad research field, so broad that there ought to be a special field of linguistics called medical linguistics. its development, especially the development of medical terminology, is interesting both to medical historians and to linguists. Hippocratic writings dating from the 5th and the 4th century Bc contain many medical terms which were the foundation of the language of medicine in the greek era. At the beginning of the first century ad greek medical te...

  6. Un singolare caso di rifrazione letteraria. A proposito di una generazione di autori di origine russa che scrive nella lingua del paese di adozione

    Giulia Gigante

    2016-01-01

    From the investigation of some examples of narrative contexts and stylistic processes typical of various contemporary Russian authors who have chosen to write in the language of the country where they emigrated, a common tendency emerges concerning the representation of Russia. Despite the differences of the works considered, these authors represents the culture of their roots in a ‘kaleidoscopic’ way, reconsidering the historical, literary and artistic references through memories, dreams and reflections, filtering them through the language and culture of their chosen country.

  7. "Your Pronunciation and Your Accent is Very Excellent": Orientations of Identity during Compliment Sequences in English as a Lingua Franca Encounters

    Jenks, Christopher

    2013-01-01

    The widespread use of English has--for better or worse--shaped the social and communicative norms and practices of many people the world over, and the likelihood of this continuing for the foreseeable future raises questions concerning English ownership, linguistic imperialism, language attrition, and mutual intelligibility, to name a few. These…

  8. Discriminação fonêmica na aquisição de segunda lingua em adulto - estudo de caso

    Beatriz dos Santos Carvalho

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo é investigar a discriminação fonêmica para a segunda língua de um adulto falante de espanhol como língua materna e em aquisição do português brasileiro como segunda língua, a partir da percepção do próprio falante. Foi desenvolvido a partir de um estudo de caso, por meio da análise de conteúdo de uma entrevista semiestruturada. Após a transcrição ortográfica da entrevista, foi realizada leitura exaustiva e flutuante dos dados, buscando analisar o que se repetia no discurso do paciente. Evidenciaram-se alguns determinantes que apontaram para categorias discursivas de análise. Foram criadas cinco categorias e selecionadas 11 sequências discursivas para discussão. A partir destas sequências discursivas, evidenciou-se o importante papel da discriminação fonêmica no aprendizado da segunda língua, bem como a dificuldade em desenvolvê-la quando se trata de uma segunda língua em idade tardia, pois ela torna-se restrita, não natural. A discriminação fonêmica parece ser facilitada por algumas características do interlocutor, que tornam os traços acústicos mais salientes. Além disto, a alteração nesta habilidade pode gerar circunstâncias complexas na interação entre os pares. Quando há melhora na discriminação fonêmica, há melhora na produção e na compreensão da fala, evoluindo o domínio da língua e consequentemente a interação social. Os resultados permitiram observar que o melhor desenvolvimento da segunda língua parece acontecer quando a exposição a esta ocorre nos anos iniciais, pois ainda há grande plasticidade das habilidades auditivas e a discriminação fonêmica não está restrita sendo um indicativo de que o ensino formal da segunda língua e as habilidades de percepção deveriam ser estimuladas nesta fase.

  9. Analise funcional das traduccións en linguas en proceso de normalización: o caso da traducción do comic en galego

    Sinner, Carsten

    2002-01-01

    In the case of the Galician language, the translation of comics is quite important, because it contributes to the normalization of use of the Galician language and allows young readers to become familiar with the norm. The article focusses on an analysis of the Galician translation with the French original and a Spanish version of the text.

    [gl] A traducción de comics, no caso do galego xoga un papel moi importante xa que o seu obxectivo é sobre todo normalizar o uso da lin...

  10. "Sorry Can You Speak It in English with Me?" Managing Routines in Lingua Franca Doctor--Patient Consultations in a Diabetes Clinic

    Martin, Gillian S.

    2015-01-01

    Research on the routines of doctor-patient consultations has been conducted in language and culture concordant dyads and in dyads where either doctor or patient uses a foreign language; yet there is an absence of scholarly engagement with consultations where both participants are using a foreign language. In seeking to address this gap, this…

  11. COSÌ PARLA LA BUONA GIOVINETTA: QUESTIONI DI MORALE E DI LINGUA IN “COME VORREI UNA FANCIULLA” DI IDA BACCINI

    Rosa Argenziano

    2016-09-01

    Si fornirà quindi una descrizione delle soluzioni linguistiche del testo - con particolare attenzione al rapporto con le scelte manzoniane - opportunamente messe in relazione con l’impostazione pedagogica conservatrice manifestata dalla Baccini, che appare ancora ben lontana dalle idee emancipazioniste abbracciate in seguito. Thus speaks the good damsel: morals and language in “Come vorrei una fanciulla” by Ida Baccini  The post-unification period was a decisive moment in Italian linguistic history, characterized by the gradual and difficult replacement of local dialects with Tuscan-Florentine Italian used by increasingly large numbers of the population, thanks to the synergistic actions of lexicography, educational manuals and children's literature. This paper focuses on a prominent figure in the linguistic and cultural Italianization process: the writer and journalist Ida Baccini (1850-1911. She was the author of pedagogical works for children, among which stands out Le memorie di un pulcino (1875. The paper focuses on one of Baccini’s manuals for the education of young women, a sector which counts numerous late nineteenth century contributions. Come vorrei una fanciulla (1884, like all pedagogical writings of the time, proposed an explicit behavioral model and implicitly conveyed at the same time a specific linguistic style for females. Descriptions of the linguistic solutions in the text - with particular attention on the relationship to Manzonian choices - linked toBaccini’s conservative pedagogical approach, appears very distant from the ideas later embraced by emancipationists.

  12. A luta pelo direito de dizer a lingua : a linguistica e o purismo linguistico na passagem do seculo XX para o seculo XXI

    Marina Celia Mendonça

    2006-01-01

    Resumo: O tema desta pesquisa é a luta pela direito de dizer a língua, entendendo-se por dizer a língua um uso da palavra com poder de dizer, uma publicização do dizer. O interesse central é analisar os embates entre a lingüística e o senso comum que ocorreram no final do século XX e início do século XXI no Brasil, os quais tematizaram principalmente o ensino de norma culta e a restrição ao uso de estrangeirismos no país. Beneficiei-me dos estudos bakhtinianos utilizando o dialogismo como sup...

  13. Crisi identitaria e speculazione panarabista nella Tunisia post-rivoluzionaria: che ne facciamo della tunisianità e della lingua tunisina?

    Alfonso Campisi

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available This text speaks about two very important problems existing in Tunisia, after revolution: identity and language. The problem about Tunisian identity is very present in Tunisia, because the article 38 of constitution speaks about Arabic-Muslim identity, but that, it is not correspond to the reality, because we have to talk about  a specific identity character of the country. “Tunisianity”, it’s the wright answer to the article 38.Second important question is the language. Always the article 38 of the constitution voted by the Islamic party at that time at the power, says that the national language is Arabic. Even that not correspond to the linguistic reality of the country, because classical Arabic is not spoken in Tunisia. People speaks Tunisian Arabic. So the text analyses the dangers of the article 38 about the real Tunisian identity and Tunisian language.

  14. L’ELICITED ORAL IMITATION TEST COME STRUMENTO DI MISURAZIONE DELLE CONOSCENZE IMPLICITE E DELLE ABILITÁ DI PROCESSING

    Ilaria Borro

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Lo studio esamina la validità dell’Elicited Oral Imitation Test (EI nella misurazione delle conoscenze implicite e delle strategie di processing. Si basa sull’ipotesi elaborata da Erlam secondo il quale l’EI è ricostruttivo, cioè richiede agli apprendenti di processare l’input orale e non di ripeterlo meccanicamente. La struttura misurata nello studio è il participio passato: la scelta è motivata dal fatto che si tratta di una struttura problematica a diversi livelli di competenza e richiede la capacità di processare tratti morfologici e sintattici allo stesso tempo (Salvi, Vanelli, 2004.I partecipanti sono 26 studenti cinesi di livello A2 e B1 che, all'epoca, avevano frequentato per circa 400 ore un corso di lingua italiana all'Università degli Studi di Milano. Lo studio utilizza, oltre all’EI, altre due forme di valutazione: un Untimed Grammaticality Judgment Test (UGJT e un Metalinguistic Knowledge Test (MKT. Lo studio ha dimostrato che l'EI ha un debole correlazione con  l'UGJT e con l’MKT, a conferma del fatto che gli studenti hanno fatto affidamento su due tipi di competenze differenti che possono essere identificate con le conoscenze implicite e il processing nel caso dell'EI e con le conoscenze esplicite nel caso dell’UGJT e dell’MKT. I dati raccolti nello studio hanno anche evidenziato una correlazione tra UGJT e MKT a riprova che i due tipi di valutazione richiedono competenze basata su costrutti simili.  The elicited oral imitation test as a tool for measurement of knowledge and skills of implied processingThe study examined the validity of the Elicited Oral Imitation Test (EI in the measurement of implicit knowledge and processing strategies. It is based on the hypothesis developed by Erlam that EI is reconstructive, requiring learners to process oral input and not to repeat it mechanically. The structure measured in the study was the past participle: this choice was motivated by the fact that it is a

  15. Vertical interincisal trespass assessment in children with speech disorders

    Marcelo de Gouveia Sahad

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Through a transversal epidemiological study, conducted with 333 Brazilian children, males (157 and females (176, aged 3 to 6 years old, enrolled in a public preschool, this study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of the different types of vertical interincisal trespass (VIT and the relationship between these occlusal aspects and anterior lisping and/or anterior tongue thrust in the articulation of the lingua-alveolar phonemes /t/, /d/, /n/ and /l/. All children involved were submitted to a VIT examination and to a speech evaluation. Statistical significance was analyzed through the Qui-square test, at a significance level of 0.05 (95% confidence limit. The quantitative analysis of the data demonstrated the following prevalences: 1 - the different types of VIT: 48.3% for normal overbite (NO, 22.5% for deep overbite (DO, 9.3% for edge to edge (ETE and 19.8% for open bite (OB; 2 - interdental lisping in relation to the different types of VIT: 42% for NO, 12.5% for DO, 12.5% for ETE, 32.9% for OB; and 3 - children with anterior tongue thrust in the articulation of lingua-alveolar phonemes in relation to the different types of VIT: 42.1% for NO, 14% for DO, 10.5% for ETE, 33.3% for OB. The results demonstrated that there was a significant relationship between open bite and anterior lisping and/or anterior tongue thrust in the articulation of the lingua-alveolar phonemes /t/, /d/, /n/ and /l/; and that there was a significant relationship between deep overbite and the absence of anterior lisping and anterior tongue thrust in the articulation of the lingua-alveolar phonemes.

  16. The neuro-muscular system in cercaria with different patterns of locomotion.

    Tolstenkov, Oleg O; Prokofiev, Vladimir V; Terenina, Nadezhda B; Gustafsson, Margaretha K S

    2011-05-01

    The neuro-muscular system (NMS) of cercariae with different swimming patterns was studied with immunocytochemical methods and confocal scanning laser microscopy. Specimens of the continuously swimming Cercaria parvicaudata, Maritrema subdolum and Himasthla elongata were compared with specimens of the intermittently swimming Cryptocotyle lingua and the attached Podocotyle atomon. The patterns of F-actin in the musculature, 5-HT immunoreactive (-IR), FMRFamide-IR neuronal elements, α-tubulin-IR elements in the nervous and sensory systems and DAPI-stained nuclei were investigated. The general plan of the NMS was similar in all cercariae studied. No major structural differences in the patterns of muscle fibres were observed. However, in the tail of C. lingua, transverse muscle fibres connecting the bands of longitudinal muscles were found. No major structural differences in the 5-HT- or FMRFamide-IR nervous systems were observed. The number of 5-HT-IR neurones in the cercarial bodies varied between 12 and 14. The number and distribution of the α-tubulin-IR processes on the cercarial bodies and tails differed from each other. The relation between the number and structure of the α-tubulin-IR processes and the host finding strategy of the cercariae is discussed. A detailed schematic picture of the NMS in the tails of C. lingua and M. subdolum is presented.

  17. META-ANALISI E APPLICAZIONE DI UNA PROPOSTA DIDATTICA ORIENTATA ALL’AZIONE PER L’APPRENDIMENTO DEI SEGNALI DISCORSIVI IN ITALIANO LS

    Roberta Ferroni

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Nel presente contributo si riportano i risultati di uno studio i cui obiettivi sono: a verificare come vengono trattati i segnali discorsivi (SD in un manuale di italiano LS il cui approccio è orientato all’azione; b analizzare come questi SD vengono percepiti e ritualizzati nel parlato dialogico di studenti di italiano LS di livello B1 del Quadro comune europeo di riferimento per le lingue. La ricerca è stata svolta fra studenti universitari del corso di Laurea di Lingua e Letteratura Italiana della Facoltà di Filosofia, Lettere e Scienze Umane dell’Università di San Paolo del Brasile. Dall’analisi delle proposte didattiche, tratte dall’unità 6 del corso d’italiano per stranieri Bravissimo! 3-B1(Birello e Vilagrasa, 2014, si evince che le attività incentrate sui SD presuppongono un costante reimpiego in un contesto di lavoro significativo, attraverso degli «spazi interattivi» in cui gli apprendenti prendono consapevolezza e mettono alla prova le regole che gestiscono la co-costruzione conversazionale in LS. L’esposizione e la riflessione sui SD, abbinate a proposte di attività interattive significative, in cui lo studente ha un preciso scopo da raggiungere, offrono delle opportunità di riutilizzo dei SD simile a quello che può prodursi in una situazione al di fuori dell’aula. Meta-analysis and application for action-learning italian fl discourse signals In this paper we report the results of a study whose objectives were: a to determine how discourse markers (DMs are addressed in an action-oriented Italian FL textbooks; b to analyze how these DMs are perceived and ritualized in the spoken conversation of students studying Italian as a FL at the B1 level as defined by the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages. The study was carried out among university students majoring in Italian Language and Literature at the School of Philosophy, Letters and Humanities of the University of São Paulo, Brazil

  18. Riflessioni sulla ricezione italiana di Czesław Miłosz. Con annessa una bibliografia italiana delle opere e della critica [The reception of the works of Czeslaw Milosz in Italy. With the complete bibliography of Milosz’s texts and texts on Milosz in Italian

    Anna Małyszkiewicz

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The author presents the reception of the works of Czesław Miłosz in Italy starting from the first articles mentioning his name in the late 1940s. After his emigration from Poland in the 1950s, thanks to his efforts in favor of freedom of expression and of criticism of socialist realism, he found many Italian intellectuals who shared the same views. In 1980, when he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature, Miłosz had his greatest moment of fame, which allowed him to publish his most important works in Italy. The second part of the article consists of the complete bibliography of Miłosz’s texts in Italian, including those published in newspapers and magazines.

  19. only: A Case Study In Projective Meaning

    Craige Roberts

    2010-12-01

    .ling.ohio-state.edu/~tobi/.Chierchia, G. & McConnell-Ginet, S. 1990. Meaning and Grammar: An introduction to semantics. MIT Press, Cambridge.Cohen, A. 1999. ‘How Are Alternatives Computed?’ Journal of Semantics 16: 43–65.http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jos/16.1.43Coppock, E. & Beaver, D. 2010. ‘Mere-ology: Toward a unified analysis of mere and other exclusives’. Slides for a talk at the Workshop on Alternative Semantics, Lund, France. de Swart, H. 1991. Adverbs of quantification: a Generalized Quantifier approach. Ph.D. thesis, University of Groningen.Féry, C. & Samek-Lodovici, V. 2006. ‘Focus projection and prosodic prominence in nested foci’. Language 82, no. 1: 131–150.Gauker, C. 2008. ‘Against accommodation: Heim, van der Sandt, and the presupposition projection problem’. Philosophy of Language 22: 171–205.Gazdar, G. 1979. Pragmatics: Implicature, presupposition, and logical form. New York: Academic Press.Geurts, B. 1999. Presuppositions and Pronouns. Elsevier, Amsterdam.Groenendijk, J. & Stokhof, M. 1984. Studies in the Semantics of Questions and the Pragmatics of Answers. Ph.D. thesis, University of Amsterdam.Hajiˇcová, E. 1984. ‘Topic and Focus’. In P. Sgall (ed. ‘Contributions to Functional Syntax. Semantics and Language Comprehension (LLSEE 16’, 189–202. John Benjamins, Amsterdam/Philadelphia.Heim, I. 1982. The Semantics of Definite and Indefinite Noun Phrases. Ph.D. thesis, University of Massachusetts, Amherst.Heim, I. 1983. ‘On the projection problem for presuppositions’. WCCFL 2, Stanford University, 114-126.Heim, I. 1992. ‘Presupposition Projection and the Semantics of Attitude Verbs’. Journal of Semantics 9: 183–221.http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jos/9.3.183Horn, L. R. 1969. ‘A presuppositional analysis of only and even’. Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Chicago Linguistics Society 5: 97–108.Horn, L. R. 1972. On the semantic properties of the logical operators in English. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Linguistics Club.Horn, L. R. 1996

  20. A Short Introduction to Semitic Studies

    Paolo Agostini

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available The paper aims to provide a succinct introduction to Semitic studies. The name "Semitic" derives from Shem or Sem, Noah's eldest son, from whom most of the Semits were said to descend. It is believed that Semitic languages evolved from hypothetical proto-Semitic. The place of origin of proto-Semitic is disputed: Africa, Arabia and Mesopotamia are possible locations. Unique to Semitic is a triconsonantal root, which carries the basic meaning. Superimposed is a pattern of vowels (or vowels and consonants, indicating variations in meaning or serving in inflection. Another feature is that related consonants typically fall into three subtypes: voiced, unvoiced and emphatic. The Semitic languages are closely interrelated − about as much as Slavic, Germanic or Romanic. Semitic divides into three groups: I. Northeast or East Semitic; 2. Northwest or West Semitic; 3. Southwest or South Semitic. East Semitic includes only Akkadian, the oldest attested Semitic language. Akkadian is known from cuneiform texts and was spoken in Mesopotamia between cca 3000 BC and 100 CE, but remained in written usage until the 2nd-3rd century CE. From cca 2000 BC, two dialects developed: Babylonian in the south and Assyrian in the north (both succeeded by Aramaic in the 6th century BC. The main differences between East and Northwest (West Semitic are in the verb system. Northwest Semitic includes: 1. Amorite and Ugaritic, 2. Canaanite and 3. Aramaic. Also, some twenty years ago, another language was found at the site of Elba, south of Aleppo in Syria. Passages in this language were interspersed with Sumerian texts from cca 2400 BC. Although heavily influenced by Akkadian, Eblaite shows similarities to Northwest Semitic. Amorite is a general term for a language attested from the first half of the 2nd millennium BC by proper nouns inserted into Akkadian and Egyptian texts. The first Amorites were probably nomads. Ugaritic appears to be an early form of Canaanite. It was

  1. 'Poker' association of weekly alternating 5-fluorouracil, irinotecan, bevacizumab and oxaliplatin (FIr-B/FOx) in first line treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer: a phase II study

    Bruera, Gemma; Ficorella, Corrado; Ricevuto, Enrico; Santomaggio, Alessandra; Cannita, Katia; Baldi, Paola Lanfiuti; Tudini, Marianna; De Galitiis, Federica; Mancini, Maria; Marchetti, Paolo; Antonucci, Adelmo

    2010-01-01

    This phase II study investigated efficacy and safety of weekly alternating Bevacizumab (BEV)/Irinotecan (CPT-11) or Oxaliplatin (OHP) associated to weekly 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) in first line treatment of metastatic colorectal carcinoma (MCRC). Simon two-step design: delta 20% (p 0 50%, p 1 70%), power 80%, α 5%, β 20%. Projected objective responses (ORR): I step, 8/15 patients (pts); II step 26/43 pts. Schedule: weekly 12 h-timed-flat-infusion/5-FU 900 mg/m 2 , days 1-2, 8-9, 15-16, 22-23; CPT-11 160 mg/m 2 plus BEV 5 mg/kg, days 1,15; OHP at three dose-levels, 60-70-80 mg/m 2 , days 8, 22; every 4 weeks. Fifty consecutive, unselected pts < 75 years were enrolled: median age 63; young-elderly (yE) 24 (48%); liver metastases (LM) 33 pts, 66% Achieved OHP recommended dose, 80 mg/m 2 . ORR 82% intent-to-treat and 84% as-treated analysis. Median progression-free survival 12 months. Equivalent efficacy was obtained in yE pts. Liver metastasectomies were performed in 26% of all pts and in 39% of pts with LM. After a median follow-up of 21 months, median overall survival was 28 months. Cumulative G3-4 toxicities per patient: diarrhea 28%, mucositis 6%, neutropenia 10%, hypertension 2%. They were equivalent in yE pts. Limiting toxicity syndromes (LTS), consisting of the dose-limiting toxicity, associated or not to G2 or limiting toxicities: 44% overall, 46% in yE. Multiple versus single site LTS, respectively: overall, 24% versus 20%; yE pts, 37.5% versus 8%. Poker combination shows high activity and efficacy in first line treatment of MCRC. It increases liver metastasectomies rate and can be safely administered. Osservatorio Nazionale sulla Sperimentazione Clinica dei Medicinali (OsSC) Agenzia Italiana del Farmaco (AIFA) Numero EudraCT 2007-004946-34

  2. Collection of main international documents on the ethical principles of research and the main regulations on bioethics of the United States and of European Community; Raccolta sui principali documenti internazionali sui principi etici della ricerca e dei principali documenti legislativi degli Stati Uniti e della Comunita` Europea sulla bioetica

    Scuderi, G [Istituto Superiore di Sanita` , Rome (Italy). Lab. di Immunologia

    1999-12-31

    The collection includes an Italian translation of the main international documents on ethical principles of scientific research (the Nuremberg Code, the Helsinki Declaration, the Belmont Report) as well as the regulatory text of the United States (the Code of Federal Regulation Title 45, Part 46, that is the 45 Cfr 46) and the regulations of the European Community (the Good Clinical Practice and the Convention for the protection of human rights and dignity of the human being regards to the application of biology and medicine: convention on human rights and biomedicine). The informed consent and the human rights of human subjects involved in a clinical trial are discussed. Moreover, in the regulatory texts, legal rights of particular subjects, i.e. pregnant women, minors, fetuses, embrions, prisoners, are discussed; as well as the bioethics of organ transplantations. [Italiano] Contiene una traduzione in lingua italiana dei principali documenti internazionali sui principi etici della ricerca scientifica: il Codice di Norimberga, la dichiarazione di Helsinki e il rapporto Belmont; il testo legislativo degli Stati Uniti Code of Federal Regulation, capitolo 45 parte 46 (detto il 45 CFR 46) e la normativa della Comunita` Europea relativa alle norme di Good Clinical Practice e alla Convenzione per la protezione dei diritti dell`uomo e la dignita` dei soggetti umani relativamente alle applicazioni della biologia e medicina: Convenzione sui diritti dell`uomo e la biomedicina. Vengono trattati il consenso informato e i diritti umani delle persone che sono coinvolte in una sperimentazione clinica. Inoltre, nei testi normativi ci si riferisce anche ai diritti legali di soggetti particolari, ad esempio: donne in stato di gravidanza, minori, feti, embrioni, prigionieri; viene trattata, infine, l`etica dei trapianti d`organo.

  3. Collection of main international documents on the ethical principles of research and the main regulations on bioethics of the United States and of European Community; Raccolta sui principali documenti internazionali sui principi etici della ricerca e dei principali documenti legislativi degli Stati Uniti e della Comunita` Europea sulla bioetica

    Scuderi, G. [Istituto Superiore di Sanita`, Rome (Italy). Lab. di Immunologia

    1998-12-31

    The collection includes an Italian translation of the main international documents on ethical principles of scientific research (the Nuremberg Code, the Helsinki Declaration, the Belmont Report) as well as the regulatory text of the United States (the Code of Federal Regulation Title 45, Part 46, that is the 45 Cfr 46) and the regulations of the European Community (the Good Clinical Practice and the Convention for the protection of human rights and dignity of the human being regards to the application of biology and medicine: convention on human rights and biomedicine). The informed consent and the human rights of human subjects involved in a clinical trial are discussed. Moreover, in the regulatory texts, legal rights of particular subjects, i.e. pregnant women, minors, fetuses, embrions, prisoners, are discussed; as well as the bioethics of organ transplantations. [Italiano] Contiene una traduzione in lingua italiana dei principali documenti internazionali sui principi etici della ricerca scientifica: il Codice di Norimberga, la dichiarazione di Helsinki e il rapporto Belmont; il testo legislativo degli Stati Uniti Code of Federal Regulation, capitolo 45 parte 46 (detto il 45 CFR 46) e la normativa della Comunita` Europea relativa alle norme di Good Clinical Practice e alla Convenzione per la protezione dei diritti dell`uomo e la dignita` dei soggetti umani relativamente alle applicazioni della biologia e medicina: Convenzione sui diritti dell`uomo e la biomedicina. Vengono trattati il consenso informato e i diritti umani delle persone che sono coinvolte in una sperimentazione clinica. Inoltre, nei testi normativi ci si riferisce anche ai diritti legali di soggetti particolari, ad esempio: donne in stato di gravidanza, minori, feti, embrioni, prigionieri; viene trattata, infine, l`etica dei trapianti d`organo.

  4. La formula di consacrazione eucaristica – preannunziazione o anamnesi?

    Piotr Roman Gryziec

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available L’articolo presente tratta della traduzione delle parole di consacrazione eucaristica. Nel Missale romanum latino hanno usato il tempo futuro: “tradetur” (riguardo al Corpo ed “effundetur” (riguardo al Sangue, mentre nel testo greco del Nuovo Testamento si trovano i due participi: διδόμενον (Lc 22, 19 ed ἐκχυννόμενον (Mc 14, 24; Mt 26, 28; Lc 22, 10, i quali sono le forme del presente, perciò la Nuova Vulgata li traduce: “datur” ed “effunditur” (“funditur”. Il participium praesentis nel greco koine fu usato infatti anche nel senso futuro, esprimendo il fatto del futuro prossimo, però nel nostro caso le parole di Gesù non intendono informare sul futuro, ma assumono il carattere di un’anamnesi liturgica, attualizzando il sacrificio del Calvario (cfr. 1 Cor 11, 26: “annunciate la morte del Signore”, senza il quale il Corpo e il Sangue di Cristo non avrebbe il valore d’espiazione salvifica. Il postulato che risulta dalla dimostrazione esposta nell’articolo è applicare nei testi liturgici eucaristici i sintagmi: “il Corpo offerto” al posto di “il Corpo che sarà offerto” e “il Sangue versato” al posto di “il Sangue che sarà versato” (parimenti al missale nella lingua italiana. Le parole di Gesù scritte nel Nuovo Testamento sono infatti un’anamnesi del sacrificio salvifico, non soltanto una preannunziazione dei prossimi eventi.

  5. Playing the 'Silence' Card

    Pantelli, Niki; Lee, Joyce y. H.; Bülow, Anne Marie

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, we argue that the international business (IB) literature has given only limited attention to the technologymediated context of language. We find, through a case study of an international inter-organizational partnership where the use of English language was the lingua franca......, that email not only had a dominant role but also created several possibilities for interaction. The findings show the relevance of email affordances to inter-cultural studies. Further, the study makes a contribution by repositioning communication technology within the language stream of IB research....

  6. Il Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 nel contesto forense: studio su coppie di genitori in fase di separazione ed affidamento minori / L’Inventaire Multiphasique de Personnalité du Minnesota-2 dans le contexte juridique : une étude sur les parents confrontés à une séparation et à la garde des enfants / The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory–2 Test in the legal context: a study on parents going through separation and the custody of children

    Lasala R.

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Obiettivo di questo lavoro è analizzare i profili medi di genitori valutati in sede di consulenza tecnica per l'affidamento di figli minori attraverso il Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory 2 (MMPI-2, il questionario di personalità maggiormente utilizzato in ambito giuridico. Si tratta di uno studio iniziale ed esplorativo, condotto su un campione di 200 periziandi divisi equamente tra uomini e donne, che si propone in primis di rispondere all’esigenza dello psicodiagnosta forense di avere dati statistici specifici a cui far riferimento quando utilizza tale strumento. Il lavoro ha anche l'obiettivo di osservare la presenza di eventuali differenze significative tra i dati emersi dal campione peritale ed i valori normativi generali della popolazione italiana. Le but de cette étude est celui d’analyser les profils moyens des parents évalués par le test MMPI-2 (Inventaire Multiphasique de Personnalité du Minnesota-2 afin d’obtenir la garde de leurs enfants. Le MMPI-2 est le questionnaire de personnalité le plus utilisé dans le contexte juridique. Dans l’article, les auteurs présentent une étude initiale et exploratoire menée sur un échantillon de 200 personnes, réparties de manière égale entre hommes et femmes. En outre, cette étude a pour objet d’observer les différences statistiquement significatives entre l’échantillon et la population de référence. En effet, elle montre certaines différences entre les valeurs moyennes dans ces deux groupes, notamment entre les deux sexes. The aim of this study is to analyse the average profiles of parents evaluated through the MMPI-2 test (Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory 2 in order to obtain custody of their children. The MMPI-2 is a psychological test that assesses personality traits which is the most used test in legal context. This is an initial and exploratory study done on a sample of 200 people, equally divided between men and women, assessed with a view

  7. Optimal strategies for VOC emission abatement produced by solvent evaporation. The Italian case study; Strategie ottimali per la riduzione delle emissioni di composti organici volatili da uso di solventi: il caso italiano

    Vetrella, G.; Cirillo, M.C. [ENEA, Centro Ricerche Casaccia, Rome (Italy). Dipt. Ambiente

    1998-07-01

    This work analyses technologies and costs of VOC (volatile organic compounds) abatement in the activities which belong to the solvent evaporation sector, and then it singles out the most successful strategies from the costs point of view to reduce the sector emissions on the base of fixed abatement objectives. The Italian case is discussed. [Italian] Il lavoro analizza tecnologie e costi di abbattimento dei COV (composti organici volatili) nel settore evaporazione solventi, e individua la strategia piu' efficace dal punto di vista dei costi per ridurre le emissioni del settore sulla base di prefissati obiettivi di abbattimento. Analizza la situazione italiana.

  8. English in the Chinese foreign language classroom

    Wang, Danping

    2013-01-01

    Chinese is an ancient language, but the present scope of its global study is unprecedented. Comprehending the impacts of worldwide linguistic realities on 'Chinese as a Foreign Language' (CFL) teachers and students will be critical to its long-term success. The most important phenomenon has been the establishment of English as a lingua franca, especially in the expanding marketplaces of Asia. This book examines the role of English as a medium of instruction in CFL classrooms. It begins by integrating existing studies on the global spread of English with research on English as a medium of secon

  9. Physical and psychosocial risk factors for musculoskeletal disorders in Brazilian and Italian nurses Fatores de risco físico e psicossocial para distúrbios musculoesqueléticos em enfermeiras brasileiras e italianas

    Michele Carugno

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available As part of the international CUPID investigation, we compared physical and psychosocial risk factors for musculoskeletal disorders among nurses in Brazil and Italy. Using questionnaires, we collected information on musculoskeletal disorders and potential risk factors from 751 nurses employed in public hospitals. By fitting countryspecific multiple logistic regression models, we investigated the association of stressful physical activities and psychosocial characteristics with site-specific and multisite pain, and associated sickness absence. We found no clear relationship between low back pain and occupational lifting, but neck and shoulder pain were more common among nurses who reported prolonged work with the arms in an elevated position. After adjustment for potential confounding variables, pain in the low back, neck and shoulder, multisite pain, and sickness absence were all associated with somatizing tendency in both countries. Our findings support a role of somatizing tendency in predisposition to musculoskeletal disorders, acting as an important mediator of the individual response to triggering exposures, such as workload.Como parte da pesquisa internacional CUPID, comparamos os fatores de risco físico e psicossocial para distúrbios osteomusculares entre enfermeiras no Brasil e na Itália. Foram coletados dados com questionários sobre distúrbios osteomusculares e seus fatores de risco potenciais com 751 enfermeiros de hospitais públicos. Com modelos de regressão logística específicas para cada país, investigamos a associação entre atividades físicas estressantes e as características psicossociais, com dores em sítios específicos e múltiplos, assim como ausências motivadas por doença. Não encontramos clara relação entre dor lombar e levantamento de pesos, porém dores no pescoço e ombros foram as mais relatadas entre as enfermeiras que realizam trabalho prolongado, com braços elevados. As dores na lombar, pescoço, ombros e em múltiplos sítios foram associadas à tendência somatizante e à ausência por doença em ambos os países. Nossos achados reforçam o papel da tendência somatizante como fator predisponente para distúrbios osteomusculares, atuando como um importante mediador da resposta individual.

  10. Estudio contrastivo de onomatopeyas animales españolas, italianas e iraníes para su aplicación en la enseñanza del ELE

    Gómez Román, David Rafael

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Suplemento del número 11 de marcoELE (julio – diciembre de 2010 En este trabajo se profundiza y reflexiona en la comunicación no verbal y concretamente en las onomatopeyas, contrastando las empleadas en tres idiomas diferentes (farsi, italiano y español. Se ofrece además un enfoque didáctico con el fin de favorecer su aplicación en clase de ELE.

  11. Competitiveness and cohesion: urban government and governance’s strains of Italian cities Competitividade e coesão: tensões no governo e na governança das cidades italianas

    Francesca Governa

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses current limitations and opportunities in Italian urban governance. Since the 1990s Italy has been going through changes concerning its political and institutional system. The changes in the roles and organisation of the State and more generally for the public actors, recognisably affects urban governments. Italian urban policies are therefore called upon to deal with the introduction of inter-institutional forms of cooperation between various levels of government; co-ordination between a multiplicity of actors and interests; involvement of private sector institutions; and the direct participation of citizens in the decision making processes. Much less clear is whether and how the debate around the different dimensions of urban governance has gained real influence - including in the governance practices of cities and in the capacity of policies to address urban problems.Neste artigo reflecte-se sobre as actuais limitações e oportunidades na governança urbana em Itália. Desde a década de 90 do século xx que a Itália tem assistido a mudanças nos seus sistemas político e institucional. As mudanças no papel e na organização do Estado, e mais globalmente nos agentes públicos, afectam reconhecidamente os governos urbanos. As políticas urbanas são, portanto, campo muito relevante na introdução de formas inter-institucionais de cooperação entre vários níveis de governo; coordenação entre uma multiplicidade de actores e de interesses; envolvimento de instituições do sector privado e participação directa dos cidadãos nos processos de tomada de decisão. Muito menos claro é o debate sobre as dimensões que ganharam real influência nas práticas de governança e na qualidade das políticas para enfrentar as questões urbanas.

  12. "La casa delle donne. Sulla storia della traduzione italiana di Dom kobiet di Zofia Nałkowska" [La casa delle donne. The history of the Italian translation of Dom kobiet by Zofia Nałkowska

    Anita Kłos

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available "In 1930 Sibilla Aleramo translated the play Dom kobiet by Polish writer Zofia Nałkowska into Italian. This three-act drama, probably the first play with only female characters in the history of theatre, was set in Warsaw the same year and was suddenly a huge success in Poland. Aleramo’s translation has remained unpublished and has been preserved (as a manuscript and a typescript draft in the author’s archive belonging to the Fondazione Istituto Gramsci in Rome. The paper focuses on the history of this text, based mainly on the analysis of Nałkowska’s diary and unpublished letters and documents from Aleramo’s archive."

  13. Influencia italiana en la construcción del paisaje urbano de la ciudad de La Plata : La arquitectura de valor patrimonial pública y privada entre la crisis del '90 y la Primera Guerra Mundial

    Carbonari, Fabiana Andrea

    2008-01-01

    El presente trabajo se inscribe en una investigación mas amplia referida al estudio del valor simbólico y material operado en la imagen urbana platense a partir del aporte italiano producido entre sus primeros cincuenta años de vida 1882/1932. La metodología de trabajo propuesta consiste en el análisis de las relaciones entre el orden político, el socio-cultural, las tendencias productivas, el tratamiento de las estructuras urbano territoriales y las arquitecturas emergentes como espacios de ...

  14. Il Processo a Gesù di Diego Fabbri e i commenti della stampa cattolica italiana / The trial of Jesus by Diego Fabbri: the comments of the Italian Catholic Press

    Mazzini, Elena

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available This article intends to examine Diego Fabbri's play, 'The Trial of Jesus', and its reception by the Italian Catholic press in the mid Fifties. The play and the comments generated by the press demonstrated how the circulation of Anti-Semitic prejudices is reflected through the mise en scène of Jesus' death provoked, according to theological catholic stereotype, by the Jews. The guilt felt by the Jewish people for having killed the Messiah -the deicide's guilt- had a leading role both in the play and in the Catholic press that have linked this supposed Jewish culpability to the massacres suffered by the Jews over the centuries.

  15. Heterogeneidade do solo e de tamanho de amostra antes e após cultivos com abobrinha italiana em estufa plástica Heterogeinity of soil and sample size, before and after italian pumpkin cropping in a greenhouse

    Sandra Feijó

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho teve por objetivo avaliar o índice de heterogeneidade através das seguintes características químicas do solo: fósforo, potássio, percentagem de matéria orgânica, cálcio, capacidade de troca de cátions efetiva, magnésio, alumínio e pH em água 1:1, em estufa plástica, e determinar o tamanho de amostra para o solo em pousio e após cultivos. O índice de heterogeneidade foi estimado pelo método de Smith. Para todas as variáveis analisadas, o índice de heterogeneidade foi baixo e o respectivo tamanho ótimo de parcela foi igual a uma unidade básica, ou seja, um ponto amostral para as duas condições do solo. Considerando uma semi-amplitude do intervalo de confiança em percentagem da média igual a 20%, em nível 5% de probabilidade de erro, o tamanho de amostra é igual a 11 pontos amostrais, como representativo para todas as variáveis analisadas para o solo em pousio, e de nove pontos após cultivos.This research was aimed at evaluating the heterogeinity index the most important chemical characteristics (phosphorus, effective cation exchange capacity, potassium, organic matter, magnesium, H+Al and pH of a soil inside a plastic greenhouse and to determine the sample size, fallow and immediately after two cropping. The heterogeinity index was estimated through the Smith method. For all vaiables analised the heterogeinity index was low and the optimum sampling size was equal to one basic unit, that is, one sampling point for both cropping systems. Considering a half amplitude of the confidence interval in percentage of the mean equal to 20% and a 5% error confidence level, the sampling size is equal to 11 sampling points as representative for all variables analyzed for a soil both under fallow or after cropping.

  16. Por um braqueamento mais rápido: identidade e racismo nas narrativas do álbum do cinqüentenário da imigração italiana no sul do Brasil

    Luis Fernando Beneduzi

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available The ethnic and racial questions are present transversally in the entire Brazilian history, especially from the independence process, when we observe the first tentative to build a national identity. The first auto-image elaborated by the country [Brazil], in the nineteenth Century, is about a nation without blacks, formed by the union between the“noble savage” and the “noble Portuguese”. The slave/black figure remains as a important problematic of the Twentieth Century, permitting the creation of a idealistic vision of the Brazilian racial democracy, crossed by miscegenation critics and by a polyphony of medical and anthropological knowledge. In this sense, in the fifty-years commemorative album of the Italian immigration in Rio Grande do Sul, printed in 1925, the Italians immigrants ethnic positivity is contrasted with the black and mestizos inferiority, in a lecture that mix the “whiten” idea and the miscegenation critic. While the colonization method in the south of Brazil marked by the exclusion of the black population is glorified, the race miscegenation's politic is criticized, because its perception as a slow strategy to purify the national blood.

  17. Francia en el horizonte. La política de aproximación italiana a la España de Primo de Rivera a través del campo cultura

    Rubén Domínguez Méndez

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available La influencia del fascismo italiano fue fundamental en la conformación de la dictadura antiliberal y autoritaria de Primo de Rivera. Del mismo modo, las relaciones entre los dos dicta-dores fueron intensas y tuvieron como incentivo la posibilidad de modificar la política exterior de Francia ante el peligro de constituir una alianza anti-francesa entre los dos países. Culturalmente el fascismo trató de imponer su ascendencia ideológica sobre la dictadura para contrarrestar, de algún modo, la acción cultural de otras na-ciones a pesar de los recursos limitados para este fin.

  18. Quando gli investimenti rappresentano un vincolo. Contributo alla discussione sulla crisi italiana nella crisi internazionale.(When investments represent a constraint. A note on the discussion on Italy’s crisis within the international crisis

    Stefano Lucarelli

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The article continues the debate on the "crisis within the crisis" that characterises Italy's economy. The authors argue that while the international and specifically the European crisis greatly contributed to the deterioration of Italy's economic prospects, the country is affected by longer term issues of its own. To analyse such problems, the article focuses on the growing inability of the Italian private sector to innovate. It does so by analysing in a comparative perspective private sector expenditure for fixed investments and for research and development. The policy conclusions are surprising in so far as a surge of investments would seriously risk to negatively contribute to Italy's current account, thus further aggravating.    

  19. Scientific information and public opinion. Daily press analysis about ozone hole in the years 1996-1997; Informazione scientifica e opinione pubblica. Analisi della stampa quotidiana italiana negli anni 1996-1997 sul tema del buco dell'ozono

    Bertuzzi, D [ENEA, Centro Ricerche E. Clementel, Bologna (Italy). Unita' Comunicazione e Informazione; Borrelli, G [ENEA, Centro Ricerche Casaccia, Rome (Italy). Sezione Ambiente Globale e Clima

    1999-07-01

    One of ENEA's many activities consists in dealing with the analysis of information strategies. In this case the analysis concerns an environmental issue, the ozone hole which, in spite of the consideration given by the media, is not sufficiently highlighted, as well as in the case of climate changes issue. A survey of the coverage of four daily newspapers was realized; the time period covered by the analysis spans form January 1996 to December 1997, 77 articles in total. The newspapers involved are: La Repubblica, Il Corriere della Sera, L'Unita' on a national scale, and Il Resto del Carlino on a regional scale. The number of articles analyzed is divided as follows: 26 for the Repubblica, 24 for the Corriere della Sera, 21 for the Unita', 6 for the Resto del Carlino. The purpose of the work was to detect quality and quantity indicators of the Italian press about the ozone hole issue and possible environmental risks conveyed to the public, using the classical methods of the Content analysis. The analysis, carried out through a questionnaire realized for another research on climate change and daily press and appropriately readapted, consisted of 35 questions pointing out the fundamental characteristics of each article: (i) morphological characteristics; (ii) modalities describing the ozone hole; (iii) communication connotations. [Italian] Tra le attivita' dell'ENEA rientra l'analisi delle strategie dell'informazione, rivolta in questo caso ad un tema ambientale, il buco dell'ozono, che pur avendo recentemente grande rilevanza sui media, viene trattato con scarsa evidenza, cosi' come avviene, ad esempio, per i cambiamenti climatici. L'analisi presentata copre quattro testate per un arco temporale di due anni, dal gennaio 1996 al dicembre 1997, per un totale di 77 rilevati. Sono state analizzate tre testate nazionali, La Repubblica, il Corriere della Sera, l'Unita', e un giornale a carattere regionale, il Resto del Carlino. La distribuzione per testata e' stata: La Repubblica 26 articoli, Corriere della Sera 24 articoli, Unita' 21 articoli, Resto del Carlino 6 articoli. Obiettivo finale della ricerca e' stato quello di individuare gli indicatori di qualita' dell'informazione circa il tema del buco dell'ozono e i possibili rischi ambientali trasmessi al grande pubblico, utilizzando i metodi classici dell'analisi del contenuto. L'analisi e' stata svolta tramite un questionario, messo a punto dall'ENEA per una ricerca su stampa e cambiamento climatico, opportunamente riadattato, composto da 35 domande che rilevano le caratteristiche fondamentali di ogni articolo: caratteristiche morfologiche; modalita' di presentazione del buco dell'ozono; modalita' comunicative.

  20. Scientific information and public opinion. Daily press analysis about ozone hole in the years 1996-1997; Informazione scientifica e opinione pubblica. Analisi della stampa quotidiana italiana negli anni 1996-1997 sul tema del buco dell'ozono

    Bertuzzi, D. [ENEA, Centro Ricerche E. Clementel, Bologna (Italy). Unita' Comunicazione e Informazione; Borrelli, G. [ENEA, Centro Ricerche Casaccia, Rome (Italy). Sezione Ambiente Globale e Clima

    1999-07-01

    One of ENEA's many activities consists in dealing with the analysis of information strategies. In this case the analysis concerns an environmental issue, the ozone hole which, in spite of the consideration given by the media, is not sufficiently highlighted, as well as in the case of climate changes issue. A survey of the coverage of four daily newspapers was realized; the time period covered by the analysis spans form January 1996 to December 1997, 77 articles in total. The newspapers involved are: La Repubblica, Il Corriere della Sera, L'Unita' on a national scale, and Il Resto del Carlino on a regional scale. The number of articles analyzed is divided as follows: 26 for the Repubblica, 24 for the Corriere della Sera, 21 for the Unita', 6 for the Resto del Carlino. The purpose of the work was to detect quality and quantity indicators of the Italian press about the ozone hole issue and possible environmental risks conveyed to the public, using the classical methods of the Content analysis. The analysis, carried out through a questionnaire realized for another research on climate change and daily press and appropriately readapted, consisted of 35 questions pointing out the fundamental characteristics of each article: (i) morphological characteristics; (ii) modalities describing the ozone hole; (iii) communication connotations. [Italian] Tra le attivita' dell'ENEA rientra l'analisi delle strategie dell'informazione, rivolta in questo caso ad un tema ambientale, il buco dell'ozono, che pur avendo recentemente grande rilevanza sui media, viene trattato con scarsa evidenza, cosi' come avviene, ad esempio, per i cambiamenti climatici. L'analisi presentata copre quattro testate per un arco temporale di due anni, dal gennaio 1996 al dicembre 1997, per un totale di 77 rilevati. Sono state analizzate tre testate nazionali, La Repubblica, il Corriere della Sera, l'Unita', e un giornale a carattere regionale, il Resto del Carlino. La distribuzione per testata e' stata: La Repubblica 26 articoli, Corriere della Sera 24 articoli, Unita' 21 articoli, Resto del Carlino 6 articoli. Obiettivo finale della ricerca e' stato quello di individuare gli indicatori di qualita' dell'informazione circa il tema del buco dell'ozono e i possibili rischi ambientali trasmessi al grande pubblico, utilizzando i metodi classici dell'analisi del contenuto. L'analisi e' stata svolta tramite un questionario, messo a punto dall'ENEA per una ricerca su stampa e cambiamento climatico, opportunamente riadattato, composto da 35 domande che rilevano le caratteristiche fondamentali di ogni articolo: caratteristiche morfologiche; modalita' di presentazione del buco dell'ozono; modalita' comunicative.

  1. French, English or Kanak Languages? Can Traditional Languages and Cultures Be Sustained in New Caledonia?

    Anu Bissoonauth

    2017-10-01

    Preliminary results from the study show a difference in the language habits between older and younger generations on New Caledonians of Melanesian descent. Although French is perceived as the lingua franca by all, English is more valued than ancestral Melanesian languages by the younger generations. In terms of cultural representations and links with family history, there seems to be a discrepancy between the younger and the older generations. Whilst the older generations perceive the Centre Culturel Tjibaou as a traditional space for Melanesian art and culture their younger counterparts on the contrary view it as a place associated with contemporary art and music performances.

  2. Checking the effectiveness of Quizlet® as a tool for vocabulary learning

    Barr, Blair

    2016-01-01

    Inspired by the need to aid low-proficiency English users to increase their knowledgeof vocabulary, this preliminary study measures the success of digital-flashcard usersby comparing their vocabulary test scores to those of non-users in the same class.Thirty-two, low-level, first year students in Tamagawa University’s English as aLingua Franca program were asked to use Quizlet® to prepare for tests that wouldrecycle fill-in-the-blank contents from the flashcards available on this Web 2.0appli...

  3. Learner attitudes of L2-engaged extensivewatching versus extensive reading

    Saunders, Thomas; Ishimaki, Kensaku

    2016-01-01

    Inspired by the need to aid low-proficiency English users to increase their knowledgeof vocabulary, this preliminary study measures the success of digital-flashcard usersby comparing their vocabulary test scores to those of non-users in the same class.Thirty-two, low-level, first year students in Tamagawa University’s English as aLingua Franca program were asked to use Quizlet? to prepare for tests that wouldrecycle fill-in-the-blank contents from the flashcards available on this Web 2.0appli...

  4. Investigation on copper alloy and titanium heat exchanger tubes behaviour in sea water service

    Casarini, G.; Bianchi, M.; Winkler, L.; Caspani, M.

    1982-01-01

    Because of the contradictory behaviour in service of some copper alloys used in heat exchangers cooled by sea water (Mediterranean Sea - North Africa), a comparative study on the behaviour of some tubular test samples was performed by means of accelerated test run ''in situ'' using two little heat exchangers supplied by Foster Wheeler Italiana. The aim of the investigation was to obtain quick and reliable information on optimizing the choise of the most suitable material for the construction of new heat exchangers

  5. A flux-based assessment of the effects of ozone on foliar injury, photosynthesis, and yield of bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L. cv. Borlotto Nano Lingua di Fuoco) in open-top chambers

    Gerosa, Giacomo; Marzuoli, Riccardo; Rossini, Micol; Panigada, Cinzia; Meroni, Michele; Colombo, Roberto; Faoro, Franco; Iriti, Marcello

    2009-01-01

    Stomatal ozone uptake, determined with the Jarvis' approach, was related to photosynthetic efficiency assessed by chlorophyll fluorescence and reflectance measurements in open-top chamber experiments on Phaseolus vulgaris. The effects of O 3 exposure were also evaluated in terms of visible and microscopical leaf injury and plant productivity. Results showed that microscopical leaf symptoms, assessed as cell death and H 2 O 2 accumulation, preceded by 3-4 days the appearance of visible symptoms. An effective dose of ozone stomatal flux for visible leaf damages was found around 1.33 mmol O 3 m -2 . Significant linear dose-response relationships were obtained between accumulated fluxes and optical indices (PRI, NDI, ΔF/F m ' ). The negative effects on photosynthesis reduced plant productivity, affecting the number of pods and seeds, but not seed weight. These results, besides contributing to the development of a flux-based ozone risk assessment for crops in Europe, highlight the potentiality of reflectance measurements for the early detection of ozone stress. - Ozone stomatal fluxes affect leaf cell viability, photosynthetic performance, optical properties and crop yield of bean.

  6. A flux-based assessment of the effects of ozone on foliar injury, photosynthesis, and yield of bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L. cv. Borlotto Nano Lingua di Fuoco) in open-top chambers

    Gerosa, Giacomo [Department of Mathematics and Physics, Universita Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, via dei Musei 41, 20125 Brescia (Italy); Marzuoli, Riccardo [Department of Mathematics and Physics, Universita Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, via dei Musei 41, 20125 Brescia (Italy); Fondazione Lombardia per l' Ambiente, piazza Diaz 9, 20123 Milano (Italy); Rossini, Micol; Panigada, Cinzia; Meroni, Michele; Colombo, Roberto [Remote Sensing of Environmental Dynamics Lab., DISAT, University of Milano-Bicocca, Piazza della Scienza 1, 20126 Milano (Italy); Faoro, Franco [Plant Pathology Institute, Universita di Milano, via Celoria 2, 20133 Milano (Italy); Iriti, Marcello, E-mail: marcello.iriti@unimi.i [Plant Pathology Institute, Universita di Milano, via Celoria 2, 20133 Milano (Italy)

    2009-05-15

    Stomatal ozone uptake, determined with the Jarvis' approach, was related to photosynthetic efficiency assessed by chlorophyll fluorescence and reflectance measurements in open-top chamber experiments on Phaseolus vulgaris. The effects of O{sub 3} exposure were also evaluated in terms of visible and microscopical leaf injury and plant productivity. Results showed that microscopical leaf symptoms, assessed as cell death and H{sub 2}O{sub 2} accumulation, preceded by 3-4 days the appearance of visible symptoms. An effective dose of ozone stomatal flux for visible leaf damages was found around 1.33 mmol O{sub 3} m{sup -2}. Significant linear dose-response relationships were obtained between accumulated fluxes and optical indices (PRI, NDI, DELTAF/F{sub m}{sup '}). The negative effects on photosynthesis reduced plant productivity, affecting the number of pods and seeds, but not seed weight. These results, besides contributing to the development of a flux-based ozone risk assessment for crops in Europe, highlight the potentiality of reflectance measurements for the early detection of ozone stress. - Ozone stomatal fluxes affect leaf cell viability, photosynthetic performance, optical properties and crop yield of bean.

  7. Variación e distancia lingüística na Romania Antiqua: unha contribución dialectométrica ao debate sobre o grao de individuación da lingua galega

    Esteve Valls Alecha

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a first dialectometric approach to the geolinguistic distribution of the Romance varieties using a new corpus based on the Atlas Linguistique Roman ( ALiR which is currently being developed at the Centro Ramón Piñeiro para a Investigación en Humanidades. The dialectometrization of the ALiR will not only allow us to analyze linguistic distance among the varieties of the Romania Antiqua, but may also shed light from a quantitative perspective on several issues that have historically aroused controversy. Specifically, this paper deals with the degree of individuality of the Galician language with respect to Portuguese and Spanish (a controversy closely related to the still ongoing debate about the standardization of Galician, and concludes that reinforcing the presence and visibility of elements shared with Portuguese in corpus planning may have a postive effect on its prestige.

  8. Il Registro della confraternità dei pellicciai di Udine. A cura di Federico Vicario. Biblioteca di Lingua e Letteratura friulana, 4. - Forum, Editrice Universitaria Udinese, Udine 2003; pp. 204

    Mitja Skubic

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available L'edizione, in una veste tecnicamente impeccabile, ha come scopo principale quello di presentare i1 registro di una importante confraternita udinese del tardo Medioevo, quella dei pellicciai. In questo ambiente climatico tale mestiere deve esse­ re stato importante; e vedrei una prova nel fatto che viene menzionato, a parte gli beçars - macelatores (es. 42, l'unico, negli Esercizi di versione dal volgare friulano in latino nel sec. XIV in una scuola notarile cividalese dove si legge: L'ager gait, qual è d'estat, fas spargna lis pliçis, chosa ricrisint agl piliças. Ager calidus, qualis est in estate, facit parsimonucare renones, re cuius tedet pelixarios, (es. 40. Il curatore della pubbli­ cazione del Registro, Federico Vicario, vanta già una decina di pubblicazi.oni di testi analoghi e con l'attuale ha aggiunto un ulteriore testo prezioso per la nostra cono­ scenza del friulano antico. Il Registro è l'elenco dei censuari, però, oltre ad essere un documento della vita e dei rapporti sociali del Tre- e Quattrocento, offre un quadro linguistico del friulano in un'epoca in cui la letteratura vera e propria in friulano offre  poco.

  9. Study Proposal

    MATHEMATICS DEPARTMENT

    This cross sectional study design on mathematical syllabi at preparatory levels of the high schools was to ... Technology, Computer Science and Applied Sciences. It is studied of ..... For example, Jimma University Medical faculty students ...

  10. Initial Study

    Torp, Kristian

    2009-01-01

    increased. In the initial study presented here, the time it takes to pass an intersection is studied in details. Two major signal-controlled four-way intersections in the center of the city Aalborg are studied in details to estimate the congestion levels in these intersections, based on the time it takes...

  11. Game Studies

    Raessens, J.F.F.

    2016-01-01

    This entry describes game studies as a dynamic interdisciplinary field of academic study and research that focuses on digital games and play in a wide variety of social and cultural contexts. It examines the history of game studies from its prehistory, when games were looked at as part of other

  12. Practice guidelines on the use of esophageal manometry - A GISMAD-SIGE-AIGO medical position statement.

    Savarino, Edoardo; de Bortoli, Nicola; Bellini, Massimo; Galeazzi, Francesca; Ribolsi, Mentore; Salvador, Renato; Savarino, Vincenzo; Penagini, Roberto

    2016-10-01

    Patients with esophageal symptoms potentially associated to esophageal motor disorders such as dysphagia, chest pain, heartburn and regurgitation, represent one of the most frequent reasons for referral to gastroenterological evaluation. The utility of esophageal manometry in clinical practice is: (1) to accurately define esophageal motor function, (2) to identify abnormal motor function, and (3) to establish a treatment plan based on motor abnormalities. With this in mind, in the last decade, investigations and technical advances, with the introduction of high-resolution esophageal manometry, have enhanced our understanding and management of esophageal motility disorders. The following recommendations were developed to assist physicians in the appropriate use of esophageal manometry in modern patient care. They were discussed and approved after a comprehensive review of the medical literature pertaining to manometric techniques and their recent application. This position statement created under the auspices of the Gruppo Italiano di Studio per la Motilità dell'Apparato Digerente (GISMAD), Società Italiana di Gastroenterologia ed Endoscopia Digestiva (SIGE) and Associazione Italiana Gastroenterologi ed Endoscopisti Digestivi Ospedalieri (AIGO) is intended to help clinicians in applying manometric studies in the most fruitful manner within the context of their patients with esophageal symptoms. Copyright © 2016 Editrice Gastroenterologica Italiana S.r.l. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  13. HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies

    HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies is an acclaimed Open Access journal with broad coverage that promotes multidisciplinary, religious, and biblical aspects of studies in the international theological arena. The journal's publication criteria are based on high ethical standards and the rigor of the methodology and ...

  14. Study protocol

    Thorsteinsson, Troels; Helms, Anne Sofie; Adamsen, Lis

    2013-01-01

    , and problems related to interaction with peers. Methods/design The RESPECT study is a nationwide population-based prospective, controlled, mixed-methods intervention study looking at children aged 6-18 years newly diagnosed with cancer in eastern Denmark (n = 120) and a matched control group in western Denmark......, and one year after the cessation of treatment. The study is powered to quantify the impact of the combined educational, physical, and social intervention programs. Discussion RESPECT is the first population-based study to examine the effect of early rehabilitation for children with cancer, and to use...

  15. Students’ attitudes to lecturers' English in English-medium higher education in Denmark

    Jensen, Christian; Denver, Louise; Mees, Inger M.

    2013-01-01

    This study examines the evaluative reactions of university students to their non-native lecturers’ English skills in English-medium instruction, i.e. when English is used as a lingua franca in an academic context. In particular, we examine the relationship between perceptions of English language ....... This effect should be addressed when universities use student ratings to evaluate teaching in English-medium content courses.......This study examines the evaluative reactions of university students to their non-native lecturers’ English skills in English-medium instruction, i.e. when English is used as a lingua franca in an academic context. In particular, we examine the relationship between perceptions of English language...... proficiency and perceptions of general lecturing competence (defined here as knowledge of subject and teaching skills). Statistical analyses of 1,700 student responses to 31 non-native English-speaking lecturers at a major business school in Denmark revealed that the students’ perceptions of the lecturers...

  16. 2001: AN OVERVIEW

    M Biggiogera

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Among the papers published in the European Journal of Histochemistry in 2001, several deal with plant cells. Personally, as a cell biologist mainly working with animal cells, I have always been fascinated by plant cells: the images of those beautiful nuclei are not only something to look at and marvel at. In the past few years, important indications of cell structure and function have come from plant cytology and cytochemistry (see e.g. Medina et al., 2000. Along this line, Lingua and coworkers (2001 described the changes that occur after arbuscular mychorizal fungi colonization, which can induce a strong increase in metabolism. Nuclear changes can also be induced by pathogens, as in Licopersicon esculentum (Lingua et al., 2001. In the same issue, we find other interesting papers: Balestrazzi et al. (2001 have studied the expression of DNA topoisomerase I in Daucus carota: the elucidation of the expression pattern of this gene is important in the evaluation of its physiological functions. In another paper, Bianciotto et al. (2001 studied the association of arbuscular mychorrizal fungi with rhizobacteria, which are commonly used as biopesticides and biofertilizers: the anchoring between fungi and bacteria occurs by means of extracellular polysaccharides. This could be of relevance for the production of inocula with a stable fugus-bacteria association.

  17. Fostering awareness of the pedagogical implications of World Englishes and ELF in teacher education in Italy

    Paola Vettorel

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Teacher education represents an essential step to raise awareness of the sociolinguistic changes brought about by the current pluralization of English and by its lingua franca role. Within the pre-service teacher education programs run at the Department of Foreign Languages and Literatures, University of Verona, Italy, part of the English language course focused on issues related to World Englishes (WE and English as a lingua franca (ELF, aiming at fostering awareness of and active reflection upon their pedagogical implications. After taking into consideration recent developments in WE- and ELF-aware teacher education, we will report on findings from a research study involving trainee teachers attending the aforementioned courses for English in academic years 2012-13 to 2014-15. The main aim of the study has been to investigate whether, how and to what extent trainee teachers’ pedagogical knowledge and reasoning about a WE and ELF-informed perspective in teaching practices may undergo a change after attending these courses. Drawing upon different sets of data (questionnaires, reflections in e-learning discussion forums, interviews and final reports, the trainees’ increased awareness of and readiness to include a WE- and ELF-informed didactic approach after attending the course will be discussed, together with implications for foreign language teacher education.

  18. Absorption studies

    Ganatra, R.D.

    1992-01-01

    Absorption studies were once quite popular but hardly anyone does them these days. It is easier to estimate the blood level of the nutrient directly by radioimmunoassay (RIA). However, the information obtained by estimating the blood levels of the nutrients is not the same that can be obtained from the absorption studies. Absorption studies are primarily done to find out whether some of the essential nutrients are absorbed from the gut or not and if they are absorbed, to determine how much is being absorbed. In the advanced countries, these tests were mostly done to detect pernicious anaemia where vitamin B 12 is not absorbed because of the lack of the intrinsic factor in the stomach. In the tropical countries, ''malabsorption syndrome'' is quire common. In this condition, several nutrients like fat, folic acid and vitamin B 12 are not absorbed. It is possible to study absorption of these nutrients by radioisotopic absorption studies

  19. Clinical Studies

    Pallesen, Ulla

    universities and practicing dentists restore millions of teeth throughout the World with composite resin materials. Do we know enough about the clinical performance of these restorations over time? Numerous in vitro studies are being published on resin materials and adhesion, some of them attempting to imitate...... in vivo conditions. But real life is different and in vitro studies cannot include all variables. Only clinical studies can provide valid information on the clinical performance of restorations over time. What do we know about longevity of posterior resin restorations? What are the reasons for replacement...... and results from own up to 30-year prospective clinical university studies and practice based studies from Public Dental Health Service on the clinical performance of posterior composite resin restorations....

  20. LA ICLASSE – SMARTPHONE E ITALIANO L2/LS

    Filippo Zanoli

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Mai come oggi le classi (di Italiano L2, ma non solo sono così fortemente colonizzate dal digitale. L’invasione si è palesata sotto forma di telefonini cellulari (smartphone e tablet dotati di connessione internet e infinite potenzialità sotto forma di applicazioni che possono sia aiutare il discente sia, se male impiegati, ostacolarlo dall’intraprendere un proficuo percorso di apprendimento. Compito dell’insegnante di lingua è circoscrivere l’influenza e l’uso di tali strumenti – che non sono mero techné, ma un modo di funzionare di una generazione – non  per vietarli ma per proporre un approccio e un loro utilizzo costruttivo quali mezzi dalle grandi potenzialità nell’apprendimento di una lingua straniera.     The 1st class – Smartphones and Italian L2/FL   Classrooms (for Italian L2, but not only have never before been so strongly digitally oriented. This invasion is made tangible by smartphones and tablets equipped with internet connections and infinite potential thanks to applications which can help students in their studies, or hinder them if used incorrectly. The language teacher’s task is to circumscribe the influence and use of these tools– which are not mere techné, but the way an entire generation functions – not to prohibit using them but to propose using them constructively, thanks to their great potential for foreign language learning.

  1. Endoparasitic helminths of the harbour seal, Phoca vitulina, in the Netherlands

    Borgsteede, F. H. M.; Bus, H. G. J.; Verplanke, J. A. W.; van Burg, W. P. J.

    The endoparasitic helminth fauna of harbour seals which had died during the epidemic of the phocine distemper virus in 1988 was studied. Lungs, heart and gastrointestinal tracts of 94 animals collected along the Dutch coast were available for investigation. The following parasites and infection percentages were found: Nematoda: Dipetalonema spirocauda (24.5%), Otostrongylus circumlitus (6.4%), Parafilaroides gymnurus (24.5%), Ascaridoidea spec. (58.5%); Trematoda: Phagicola septentrionalis (66.0%), Cryptocotyle lingua (74.5%); Cestoda: Diphyllobothrium spec. (8.5%); Acanthocephala: Corynosoma strumosum (70.2%). The presence of worm species was not evenly distributed over the age classes. Seals younger than one year harboured fewer parasites. The highest percentages were found in 1 to 2 year old seals. The number of worms per seal varied greatly. The highest burden for ascarids was 253, for P. septentrionalis 123 000, for C. lingua 112 000 and for C. strumosum 251. A comparison of the present results with those described in the literature shows that in Dutch seals the same species were present and that numbers of worms were not higher than before the 1988 mass mortality. It is therefore concluded that helminth parasites did not cause the mass mortality.

  2. Hydrogeological study

    Massa, E.; Carrion, R.

    1987-01-01

    This work refers to the hydrogeological study about underground water to domestic uses. It was required by Artigas intendence of Uruguay, in the rural school 10, located belongs to the Chiflero zone around the capital of the Artigas Province.

  3. Feasibility study

    Gibbs, P.; Kalas, P.

    1975-01-01

    The feasibility study itself examines the technical, economic and financial implications of a nuclear power station in depth so as to make sure that nuclear power is the right course to take. This means that it is quite an expensive operation and it is to avoid wasting this money that a pre-feasibility study is carried out. This preliminary study should eliminate cases where the electrical system cannot absorb the capacity of a nuclear station of commercial size, where other sources of power such as hydro-electricity, gas or cheap coal would make nuclear obviously uneconomic or where no suitable sites exist. If this first rather simple survey shows that nuclear power is a credible solution to a utilities need for electricity or heat production plant, then the next stage is a full feasibility study. (orig./TK) [de

  4. INTERHEART STUDY

    First page Back Continue Last page Overview Graphics. INTERHEART STUDY. About 90% of CHD Risk (“PAR”) can be explained by 9 Risk Factors: Smoking. Dyslipidemia. High BP. Diabetes. Abdominal Obesity. Psychosocial Factors. Fruits & Vegetables. Exercise. Alcohol.

  5. Study Drugs

    ... to quit, they may have withdrawal symptoms like depression, thoughts of suicide, intense drug cravings, sleep problems, and fatigue. The health risks aren't the only downside to study drugs. Students caught with illegal prescription drugs may get suspended ...

  6. Environmental studies

    Mohd Tadza Abd Rahman

    2003-01-01

    Nuclear Technology offers unique method, yet effective for environmental research. Nuclear techniques are invented to carry out research activities on environmental pollutions, erosion and slope stability, landslide ground water studies and water pollution

  7. Floodplain Study

    Montgomery County of Maryland — The purpose of a floodplain study is to establish the 100-year floodplain limits within or near a development in order to preserve the natural resources within the...

  8. Creole Studies

    This book launches a new approach to creole studies founded on phylogenetic network analysis. Phylogenetic approaches offer new visualisation techniques and insights into the relationships between creoles and non-creoles, creoles and other contact varieties, and between creoles and lexifier...... languages. With evidence from creole languages in Africa, Asia, the Americas, and the Pacific, the book provides new perspectives on creole typology, cross-creole comparisons, and creole semantics. The book offers an introduction for newcomers to the fields of creole studies and phylogenetic analysis. Using...... these methods to analyse a variety of linguistic features, both structural and semantic, the book then turns to explore old and new questions and problems in creole studies. Original case studies explore the differences and similarities between creoles, and propose solutions to the problems of how to classify...

  9. Actuarial Studies

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Office of the Actuary in the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) from time to time conducts studies on various aspects of the Medicare and Medicaid...

  10. ARHCO studies

    Rogers, L.E.

    1977-01-01

    Ecological studies at the Hanford Reservation are designed to clarify ecosystem structure and function in and near the radioactive waste management areas. To date, emphasis has been placed on characterizing the abiotic and biotic components of these areas. During the current year, deer, raptors, coots, and mice have been under active study with respect to their potential for dissemination of radioactivity from pond or burial locations via feeding

  11. European Studies

    V. O. Pechatnov

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The study of Western countries and teaching courses on the related subjects have longstanding and established tradition at MGIMO-University. The basis of this brilliant research and teaching tradition was laid down by such academicians as E.V. Tarle and V.G. Trukhanovsky, Professor L.I. Clove, Y. Borisov, F.I. Notovitch, G.L. Rozanov. Their work in 1940-1960's at the Department of World History at MGIMO-University progressed in following directions: France studies, German studies, American studies. The work resulted in a number of monographs and textbooks on modern history and foreign policy of the studied countries and regions. The aim of the publications was dictated by the goal of the Institute - to prepare the specialists in international affairs primarily for practical work. A close relationship with the Foreign Ministry was "binding advantage" sometimes limiting researchers in choosing periods and subjects for the study. At the same time the undisputed advantage and quality of regional studies at MGIMO were strengthened by the practical relevance of research, making it a vital and interesting not only for specialists but also for students and researchers from other research centers. Another characteristic of the tradition is the analysis of foreign policy and diplomacy in a close relationship with the socio-economic and political processes. Such an integrated approach to regional geography also formed largely under the influence of institutional profile designed to train highly skilled and versatile specialists in specific countries and regions with a good knowledge of their languages, history, economics, politics, law and culture. Therefore, scientific and educational-methodical work at MGIMO-University has always relied on a wealth of empirical data and has been focused on the analysis of real-world phenomena and processes, acute problems of foreign countries. Scientific research at MGIMO-University traditionally intertwined with

  12. Club studies

    Demant, Jakob Johan; Ravn, Signe; Harder, Sidsel Kirstine

    2010-01-01

    Club studies are sociological investigations of youth drug use in the social situation of the club. By being present at the club the researcher tries to gain access to a somehow hidden population of drug users who only to a lesser extent perceive their drug use as problematic. In spite of impress......Club studies are sociological investigations of youth drug use in the social situation of the club. By being present at the club the researcher tries to gain access to a somehow hidden population of drug users who only to a lesser extent perceive their drug use as problematic. In spite...... of impressive club studies conducted in both Great Britain and in the United States, it seems that, broadly speaking, previous efforts can be characterized as either very broad and/or quantitative or very particular, sub-cultural and exclusively qualitative. Through a review of these studies, this article...... suggests a mixed-methods approach to club studies that combine quantitative data, qualitative interviews and ethnography conducted in the club space. By introducing the concept of ‘socionautics', this review suggests that the researcher travels into the social landscape of youth, clubs and drugs...

  13. Studying Sideways

    Plesner, Ursula

    2011-01-01

    inequalities in relation to the people we study. This article argues that not all types of social scientific research interviews benefit from an à priori problematization of power and control, ethics and equality, or emancipation. From a constructivist perspective, the article seeks to displace......, we must cultivate interview methods which cause confrontation and disagreement—not to acknowledge asymmetry but to enhance the quality of research.......One strand of the qualitative interview literature has been concerned with the normative or otherwise problematic implications of studying down or studying up (i.e., interviewing “disadvantaged” people or elites). This interview literature is part of a tradition of taking up the problem of power...

  14. Invisibility Studies

    Invisibility Studies explores current changes in the relationship between what we consider visible and what invisible in different areas of contemporary culture. Contributions trace how these changes make their marks on various cultural fields and investigate the cultural significance of these de......Invisibility Studies explores current changes in the relationship between what we consider visible and what invisible in different areas of contemporary culture. Contributions trace how these changes make their marks on various cultural fields and investigate the cultural significance...... conditioned by physical and social settings that create certain possibilities for visibility and visuality, yet exclude others. The richness and complexity of this cultural framework means that no single discipline or interdisciplinary approach could capture it single-handedly. Invisibility Studies begins...

  15. Project studies

    Geraldi, Joana; Söderlund, Jonas

    2018-01-01

    Project organising is a growing field of scholarly inquiry and management practice. In recent years, two important developments have influenced this field: (1) the study and practice of projects have extended their level of analysis from mainly focussing on individual projects to focussing on micro......, and of the explanations of project practices they could offer. To discuss avenues for future research on projects and project practice, this paper suggests the notion of project studies to better grasp the status of our field. We combine these two sets of ideas to analyse the status and future options for advancing...... project research: (1) levels of analysis; and (2) type of research. Analysing recent developments within project studies, we observe the emergence of what we refer to as type 3 research, which reconciles the need for theoretical development and engagement with practice. Type 3 research suggests pragmatic...

  16. Study protocol

    Smith, Benjamin E; Hendrick, Paul; Bateman, Marcus

    2017-01-01

    avoidance behaviours, catastrophising, self-efficacy, sport and leisure activity participation, and general quality of life. Follow-up will be 3 and 6 months. The analysis will focus on descriptive statistics and confidence intervals. The qualitative components will follow a thematic analysis approach....... DISCUSSION: This study will evaluate the feasibility of running a definitive large-scale trial on patients with patellofemoral pain, within the NHS in the UK. We will identify strengths and weaknesses of the proposed protocol and the utility and characteristics of the outcome measures. The results from...... this study will inform the design of a multicentre trial. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ISRCTN35272486....

  17. Study Drugs

    Lam, Stephanie Phuong; Roosta, Natalie; Nielsen, Mikkel Fuhr; Meyer, Maria Holmgaard; Friis, Katrine Birk

    2016-01-01

    In recent years, students around the world, started to use preparations as Ritalin and Modafinil,also known as study drugs, to improve their cognitive abilities1. It is a common use among thestudents in United States of America, but it is a new tendency in Denmark. Our main focus is tolocate whether study drugs needs to be legalized in Denmark or not. To investigate this ourstarting point is to understand central ethical arguments in the debate. We have chosen twoarguments from Nick Bostrom a...

  18. Security studies

    Venot, R.

    2001-01-01

    Full text: Security studies constitute one of the major tools for evaluating the provisions implemented at facilities to protect and control Nuclear Material against unauthorized removal. Operators use security studies to demonstrate that they are complying with objectives set by the Competent Authority to counter internal or external acts aimed at unauthorized removal of NM. The paper presents the context of security studies carried out in France. The philosophy of these studies is based on a postulated unauthorized removal of NM and the study of the behavior of the systems implemented to control and protect NM in a facility. The potential unauthorized removal of NM usually may take place in two stages. The first stage involves the sequence leading to handling of the NM. It occurs inside the physical barriers of a facility and may include action involving the documents corresponding to Material Control and Accounting systems. At this stage it is possible to limit the risk of unauthorized removal of NM by means of detection capabilities of the MC and A systems. The second stage is more specific to theft and involves removing the NM out of the physical barriers of a facility in which they are being held, notably by affecting the Physical Protection System. Operators have to study, from a quantity and time lapse point of view, the ability of the installed systems to detect unauthorized removal, as well as the possibility of tampering with the systems to mask unlawful operations. Operators have also to analyze the sequences during which NM are accessed, removed from their containment and further removed from the facility in which they are stored. At each stage in the process, the probability of detection and the time taken to carry out the above actions have to be estimated. Of course, these two types of studies complement each other. Security studies have begun, in France, for more than fifteen years. Up to now more than fifty security studies are available in the

  19. Polarization study

    Nurushev, S.B.

    1989-01-01

    Brief review is presented of the high energy polarization study including experimental data and the theoretical descriptions. The mostimportant proposals at the biggest accelerators and the crucial technical developments are also listed which may become a main-line of spin physics. 35 refs.; 10 figs.; 4 tabs

  20. Hydrogeological study

    Massa, E.; Heinzen, W.; Santana, J.

    1987-01-01

    This work shows the hydrogeological study and well drilling carried out in the Teaching Formation Institute San Jose de Mayo Province Uruguay. It was developed a geological review in the National Directorate of Geology and Mining data base as well as field working, geology and hydrogeology recognition and area well drilling inventory.

  1. Immunology studies

    Smith, D.M.; Baron, P.A.; Drake, G.A.; LaBauve, P.M.; London, J.E.; Wilson, J.S.

    1977-01-01

    The following studies were conducted in the field of immunology; a model system to determine toxic effects on the immune system using 3 H-uridine uptake by Feells of rats; and survival in lethally irradiatd mice receiving allogenic fetal liver and thymus

  2. CASE STUDY

    2011-06-02

    Jun 2, 2011 ... immunosuppression associated with HIV/AIDS puts them at a higher risk of developing oesophageal cancer. 47. CASE STUDY. A 49-year-old man was diagnosed as HIV infected, with a CD4 count of 60 cells/µl. He was started on an antiretroviral treatment regimen comprising zidovudine, lamivudine and ...

  3. Pilot study

    Hofmeester, G.H.; Swart, A.; Dijk, E. van

    1984-01-01

    In May 1980 it was decided to organize an intercomparison of personal dosimeters for photon radiations. The Commission of the European Communities initiated the intercomparison by starting a pilot study in which three laboratories NPL (United Kingdom), PTB (Germany) and RIV (The Netherlands) were asked to irradiate a series of personal dosemeters from institutes, GSF (Muenchen), CEA (Fontenay-aux-Roses), CNEN (Bologna) and CEGB (Berkeley). The latter institutes are secondary standard laboratories and have a radiation protection service as well. A new aspect of this pilot study is the fact that the irradiations also take place in front of a phantom. Irradiations took place in July and August 1980. The results of 4 institutes show that the personal dosemeters are quite capable of measuring the backscattered photon components

  4. Study Strategies

    Nielsen, Camilla Kirketerp; Noer, Vibeke Røn

    and theory forms the basis of the research. Veterinary students have been followed through alternating learning contexts referring to both the scholastic academic classrooms and workplaces in commercial pig herds as well as to group work and game-based situations in a mandatory master course - ”the pig...... as a student´ and the process of professionalization. By maintaining the position of focusing upon the education as a situated and formative trajectory, the comparative analysis shows how students in profession-oriented educational settings manage the challenges of education and use study strategies......ID: 1277 / 22 SES 06 B: 2 22. Research in Higher Education Format of Presentation: Paper Alternative EERA Network: 19. Ethnography Topics: NW 22: Teaching, learning and assessment in higher education Keywords: Profession-oriented learning, study strategies, professionalisation processes...

  5. The Pragmatics of Virtual Environments. Compliment responses in Second Life

    V. Cirillo

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available ENThe advent of the Internet has dramatically changed, among other things, the way people learn a language. With the new ICT tools, more and more users can interact with native speakers in their target language, potentially without ever moving from home. To this regard, virtual worlds appear to be a resourceful place where language learners can meet and practice their L2. However, while these virtual worlds are being increasingly employed for language learning purposes, they still remain a linguistically unexplored ground. But if the Internet has changed the way people interact, it is also plausible that the pragmatic norms underlying this new form of communication have changed; therefore understanding their literacy would help understand their efficacy too. This study sets out to fill a gap in the literature by looking at how compliments are responded in Second Life. The results are then compared with compliment responses in real life to find out whether the language used in virtual environments faithfully reproduces the language used in face-to-face conversation, and to what extent it is convenient and significant for instructors to integrate such environments in their teaching practices. The results show a greater tendency to accept compliments than in real-life conversation. Possible pedagogical implications and directions for further research are discussed.Keywords: pragmatics; compliment responses; virtual environments; language learningITL’avvento di internet ha radicalmente cambiato, tra le altre cose, il modo in cui le persone imparano una lingua. Con i nuovi mezzi ICT, sempre più utenti possono interagire con parlanti nativi nella lingua d’arrivo, senza potenzialmente mai muoversi da casa. A questo riguardo/In questo ambito, i mondi virtuali sembrano essere un luogo pieno di risorse dove gli apprendenti di una lingua possono incontrarsi e praticare l’L2. Tuttavia, mentre questi mondi virtuali vengono sempre più utilizzati per

  6. Prefazione

    Gobbo, F.; Caligaris, I.

    2016-01-01

    Chi sono gli esperantisti? Perché scelgono di studiare l’esperanto? Per quali ragioni si accostano al movimento? Che cosa rappresenta per loro questa lingua? Quali valori veicola? Che posizione occupa nel loro repertorio linguistico? Ma soprattutto: l’esperanto è solo una lingua? E in che modo è

  7. Promoting Language Learners' Cross-Cultural Awareness through Comparative Analyses of Asian Folktales

    Lwin, Soe Marlar

    2016-01-01

    With the global spread, the English language has become a lingua franca and a component of basic education in many Asian countries, making Asia one of the regions in the world with the largest number of English speakers. However, due to the rich cultural diversities of Asian societies, using English as a lingua franca in Asia implies that speakers…

  8. Economic Studies

    A. V. Kholopov

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The establishment of the School of Economic Science at MGIMO was due to the necessity of the world economy research, and the need to prepare highly skilled specialists in international economics. The school is developing a number of areas, which reflect the Faculty structure. - Economic theory is one of the most important research areas, a kind of foundation of the School of Economic Science at MGIMO. Economic theory studies are carried out at the chair of Economic theory. "The course of economic theory" textbook was published in 1991, and later it was reprinted seven times. Over the past few years other textbooks and manuals have been published, including "Economics for Managers" by Professor S.N. Ivashkovskaya, which survived through five editions; "International Economics" - four editions and "History of Economic Thought" - three editions. - International Economic Relations are carried out by the Department of International Economic Relations and Foreign Economic Activity. Its establishment is associated with the prominent economist N.N. Lyubimov. In 1957 he with his colleagues published the first textbook on the subject which went through multiple republications. The editorial team of the textbook subsequently formed the pride of Soviet economic science - S.M. Menshikov, E.P. Pletnev, V.D. Schetinin. Since 2007, the chair of Foreign Economic Activities led by Doctor of Economics, Professor I. Platonova has been investigating the problems of improving the architecture of foreign economic network and the international competitiveness of Russia; - The history of the study of problems of the world economy at MGIMO begins in 1958 at the chair baring the same name. Since 1998, the department has been headed by Professor A. Bulatov; - The study of international monetary relations is based on the chair of International Finance, and is focused on addressing the fundamental scientific and practical problems; - The chair "Banks, monetary circulation

  9. Studying Emerge

    Davies, Sarah Rachael; Selin, Cynthia; Rodegher, Sandra

    2015-01-01

    The Emerge event, held in Tempe, AZ in March 2012, brought together a range of scientists, artists, futurists, engineers and students in order to experiment with innovative methods for thinking about the future. These methodological techniques were tested through nine workshops, each of which made...... use of a different format; Emerge as a whole, then, offered an opportunity to study a diverse set of future-oriented engagement practices. We conducted an event ethnography, in which a team of 11 researchers collaboratively developed accounts of the practices at play within Emerge and its workshops...

  10. Law Studies

    G. P. Tolstopiatenko

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available At the origin of the International Law Department were such eminent scientists, diplomats and teachers as V.N. Durdenevsky, S.B. Krylov and F.I. Kozhevnikov. International law studies in USSR and Russia during the second half of the XX century was largely shaped by the lawyers of MGIMO. They had a large influence on the education in the international law in the whole USSR, and since 1990s in Russia and other CIS countries. The prominence of the research of MGIMO international lawyers was due to the close connections with the international practice, involving international negotiations in the United Nations and other international fora, diplomatic conferences and international scientific conferences. This experience is represented in the MGIMO handbooks on international law, which are still in demand. The Faculty of International Law at MGIMO consists of seven departments: Department of International Law, Department of Private International and Comparative Law; Department of European Law; Department of Comparative Constitutional Law; Department of Administrative and Financial Law; Department of Criminal Law, Department Criminal Procedure and Criminalistics. Many Russian lawyers famous at home and abroad work at the Faculty, contributing to domestic and international law studies. In 1947 the Academy of Sciences of the USSR published "International Law" textbook which was the first textbook on the subject in USSR. S.B. Krylov and V.N. Durdenevsky were the authors and editors of the textbook. First generations of MGIMO students studied international law according to this textbook. All subsequent books on international law, published in the USSR, were based on the approach to the teaching of international law, developed in the textbook by S.B. Krylov and V.N. Durdenevsky. The first textbook of international law with the stamp of MGIMO, edited by F.I. Kozhevnikov, was published in 1964. This textbook later went through five editions in 1966, 1972

  11. Immunology studies

    Anon.

    1979-01-01

    Three efforts dealing with the role of the immune state have continued to show promise over the last year. The first deals with the development of animal models for testing the part played by immune dysfunction in carcinogenesis. The second and related program is a clinical study of high-risk uranium miners whose status in relation to neoplastic manifestations is rather well-defined. The third program is one in which fetal tissue is used to attempt the rescue of lethally irradiated hosts

  12. Geologic studies

    Wayland, T.E.; Rood, A.

    1983-01-01

    The modern Great Divide Basin is the end product of natural forces influenced by the Green River lake system, Laramide tectonism, and intermittent volcanic events. It ranks as one of the most complex structural and stratigtaphic features within the Tertiary basins of Wyoming. Portions of the Great Divide Basin and adjoining areas in Wyoming have been investigated by applying detailed and region exploration methods to known uranium deposits located within the Red Desert portions of the basin. Geologic field investigations conducted by Bendix Field Engineering Corporaton (Bendix) were restricted to reconnaissance observations made during infrequent visits to the project area by various Bendix personnel. Locations of the most comprehensive field activities are shown in Figure II-1. The principal source fo data for geologic studies of the Red Desert project area has been information and materials furnished by industry. Several hundred holes have been drilled by various groups to delineate the uranium deposits. Results from Bendix-drilled holes at selected locations within the project area are summarized in Table II-1. Additional details and gross subsurface characteristics are illustrated in cross sections; pertinent geologic features are illustrated in plan maps. Related details of continental sedimentation that pertain to the Wyoming Basins generally, and the project area specificially, are discussed in subsections of this Geologic Studies section

  13. Aerosol studies

    Cristy, G.A.; Fish, M.E.

    1978-01-01

    As part of the continuing studies of the effects of very severe reactor accidents, an effort was made to develop, test, and improve simple, effective, and inexpensive methods by which the average citizen, using only materials readily available, could protect his residence, himself, and his family from injury by toxic aerosols. The methods for protection against radioactive aerosols should be equally effective against a clandestine biological attack by terrorists. The results of the tests to date are limited to showing that spores of the harmless bacterium, bacillus globegii (BG), can be used as a simulant for the radioactive aerosols. An aerosol generator of Lauterbach type was developed which will produce an essentially monodisperse aerosol at the rate of 10 9 spores/min. Analytical techniques have been established which give reproducible results. Preliminary field tests have been conducted to check out the components of the system. Preliminary tests of protective devices, such as ordinary vacuum sweepers, have given protection factors of over 1000

  14. Conceptual study

    Harty, H.

    1978-09-01

    This appendix is a compendium of topical reports prepared for the Hanford Nuclear Energy Center: Status Report: Conceptual Fuel Cycle Studies for the Hanford Nuclear Energy Center; Selection of Heat Disposal Methods for a Hanford Nuclear Energy Center; Station Service Power Supply for a Hanford Nuclear Energy Center (HNEC); Impact of a Hanford Nuclear Energy Center on Ground Level Fog and Humidity; A Review of Potential Technology for the Seismic Characterization of Nuclear Energy Centers; Reliability of Generation at a Hanford Nuclear Energy Center (HNEC); Meteorological Evaluation of Multiple Reactor Contamination Probabilities for a Hanford Nuclear Energy Center; Electric Power Transmission for a Hanford Nuclear Energy Center (HNEC); The Impact of a Hanford Nuclear Energy Center on Cloudiness and Insolation; and A Licensing Review for an HNEC.

  15. Terrestrial studies

    Anon.

    1980-01-01

    Tritium in the organic fraction of soil, separated as water by high temperature combustion, was 5 to 50 times higher in activity than water that was freeze-dried from the same samples. The 50-year dose commitment from ingestion of crops is not influenced significantly by the plutonium in the SRP environment. This plutonium is a result of more than 20 years of operating chemical separations facilities. Techniques were developed to detect as little as 0.02 pCi/m 2 of iodine-129 and 0.2 pg of technetium-99 in soil to evaluate environmental effects. A sensitive three-stage mass spectrometer was completed for use in environmental studies of transuranium elements. Results of monitoring particle size distribution of entrapped particles containing Pu-238, and Pu-239,240 are reported

  16. Conceptual study

    Harty, H.

    1978-09-01

    This appendix is a compendium of topical reports prepared for the Hanford Nuclear Energy Center: Status Report: Conceptual Fuel Cycle Studies for the Hanford Nuclear Energy Center; Selection of Heat Disposal Methods for a Hanford Nuclear Energy Center; Station Service Power Supply for a Hanford Nuclear Energy Center (HNEC); Impact of a Hanford Nuclear Energy Center on Ground Level Fog and Humidity; A Review of Potential Technology for the Seismic Characterization of Nuclear Energy Centers; Reliability of Generation at a Hanford Nuclear Energy Center (HNEC); Meteorological Evaluation of Multiple Reactor Contamination Probabilities for a Hanford Nuclear Energy Center; Electric Power Transmission for a Hanford Nuclear Energy Center (HNEC); The Impact of a Hanford Nuclear Energy Center on Cloudiness and Insolation; and A Licensing Review for an HNEC

  17. Studying antimatter

    CERN. Geneva

    2006-01-01

    Antiparticles are a crucial ingredient of particle physics and cosmology. Almost 80 years after Dirac’s bold prediction and the subsequent discovery of the positron in 1932, antiparticles are still in the spotlight of modern physics. This lecture for non-specialists will start with a theoretical and historical introduction. Why are antiparticles needed? When and how were they discovered? Why is the (CPT) symmetry between particles and antiparticles so fundamental? What is their role in cosmology? The second part will give an overview about the many aspects of antiparticles in experimental physics: their production, their use in colliders; as a probe inside atoms or nuclei; or as an object to study fundamental symmetries. In the third part, the lecture will focus on results and challenges of the “antimatter” programme at the Antiproton Decelerator (AD), with special emphasis on antihydrogen production, trapping and precision measurements.

  18. Spectroscopic study

    Flores, M.; Rodriguez, R.; Arroyo, R.

    1999-01-01

    This work is focused about the spectroscopic properties of a polymer material which consists of Polyacrylic acid (Paa) doped at different concentrations of Europium ions (Eu 3+ ). They show that to stay chemically joined with the polymer by a study of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) of 1 H, 13 C and Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (Ft-IR) they present changes in the intensity of signals, just as too when this material is irradiated at λ = 394 nm. In according with the results obtained experimentally in this type of materials it can say that is possible to unify chemically the polymer with this type of cations, as well as, varying the concentration of them, since that these are distributed homogeneously inside the matrix maintaining its optical properties. These materials can be obtained more quickly and easy in solid or liquid phase and they have the best conditions for to make a quantitative analysis. (Author)

  19. “AVREI QUALCOSA DA DIRE”. UN PROGETTO DI SCRITTURA CREATIVA IN CARCERE

    Giulia Ottaviano

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Questo lavoro nasce da un’esperienza di tirocinio all’interno della scuola media interna alla Casa Circondariale Lorusso e Cutugno di Torino. Nella prima parte si evidenziano l’importanza della scuola carceraria negli istituti penitenziari italiani e il fondamentale aiuto che essa può fornire, in particolare, ai detenuti stranieri. Viene poi descritta la struttura del penitenziario e il tipo di formazione offerto ai detenuti italiano e stranieri. Si è dedicata particolare attenzione alle problematiche di una scuola inserita in un contesto di reclusione, dove le limitazioni imposte dall’istituzione influenzano radicalmente non solo l’utenza scolastica ma lo stesso svolgimento delle attività formative. Infine, dopo aver sottolineato l’importanza della scrittura in carcere – strumento di comunicazione ma soprattutto spazio di libertà e libera azione – si propone un progetto didattico di scrittura creativa per detenuti stranieri e italiani che valorizzi l’integrazione tra reclusi provenienti da diverse zone del mondo e la loro cultura e lingua d’origine. Si vuole inserire tale intervento in un’ottica di rieducazione del detenuto, incoraggiandone le inclinazioni personali, favorendo l’acquisizione di fiducia nelle proprie capacità e stima di sé e dunque stimolando la motivazione personale all’apprendimento. Nondimeno si vuole rispondere ai bisogni comunicativi dei detenuti stranieri e non di diverso livello di competenza della lingua italiana.   “I have something to say.” Creative writing in prison This work stems from the author’s internship experience during Middle school at the Lorusso e Cutugno Prison in Turin. In the first part the importance of school in Italian prisons and the fundamental help they can provide, especially to foreign detainees, is highlighted. The structure of the prison system and the type of training offered to Italian and foreign prisoners is described. Particular attention is paid to

  20. American Studies

    V. O. Pechatnov

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The "Founding fathers" of American Studies at MGIMO are considered to be A.V. Efimov and L.I. Clove. Alexey Efimov - Corresponding Member of the USSR Academy of Sciences since 1938, Head of the Department of Modern and Contemporary History and Dean of the Historical School at the Moscow State University - one of the first professors of the Faculty of International Relations MGIMO. Efimov distinguished himself by a broad vision and scope of scientific interests. Back in 1934 he published a monograph "On the history of capitalism in the United States," which initiated a series of research culminating in the fundamental work "The United States. The path of capitalist development (pre-imperialist era". Alexey was not only a great scientist but also a great teacher, whose lectures was popular throughout Moscow. His lecture courses, given at the end of the 1940s at MGIMO, became the basis for the first post-war history textbooks USA - "Essays on the history of the United States." At least as colorful a figure was Professor Leo Izrailevich Zubok - a man of unusual destiny. As a teenager he emigrated to the United States with his parents, where he soon joined the American revolutionary movement in the 1920s and was forced to leave the country. He came to MGIMO being already an experienced scientists. His research interests were very wide: from the study of American foreign policy expansion to the history of the labor movement in the United States. Zubok's fundamental works still have not lost its scientific significance. He has successfully combined scientific work with teaching. Tutorials that are based on his lectures were very popular not only among students of MGIMO.