WorldWideScience

Sample records for lings upper school

  1. An Investigation on Moving Rural Secondary Schools to Town in New Countryside Construction: Taking Ling County in Shandong Province as an Example

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Shuang

    2010-01-01

    Based on some problems lying in current rural secondary education taking Ling County as an example, this paper proves the necessity and feasibility of moving rural secondary schools to town in the current condition: it is an objective demand by the changes in students; it is a necessary demand to optimize resource allocation and to improve…

  2. Information Literacy in the Upper Secondary School

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holm, Claus; Schreiber, Trine; Tønnesen, Pia Hvid

    The discussion paper is a publication from the project Information Literacy in the Upper Secondary School. The project is a collaboration between the National Library of Education at the Danish School of Education, Aarhus University, and the Royal School of Library and Information Science....... The project is funded by Denmark's Electronic Research Library (DEFF). The discussion paper is published in connection with the conference Information Literacy in the Upper Secondary School on 22 April 2010. See video streaming from the conference etc. at www.dpu.dk/info....

  3. Upper High School Students' Understanding of Electromagnetism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saglam, Murat; Millar, Robin

    2006-01-01

    Although electromagnetism is an important component of upper secondary school physics syllabuses in many countries, there has been relatively little research on students' understanding of the topic. A written test consisting of 16 diagnostic questions was developed and used to survey the understanding of electromagnetism of upper secondary school…

  4. YI LING QI

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science. YI LING QI. Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science. Volume 40 Issue 7 December 2017 pp 1329-1333. Synthesis and enhanced photocatalytic activity of g-C 3 N 4 hybridized CdS nanoparticles · QING YING LIU YI LING QI YI FAN ZHENG XU CHUN SONG · More Details ...

  5. Team Teaching at Upper Arlington School.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jackson, Annette R.

    1968-01-01

    Team teaching has been used for 4 years in the 10th-grade English classes at Upper Arlington High School near Columbus, Ohio. Units are prepared, presented, and evaluated by teachers working together voluntarily. A 6-day American literature unit introducing Romanticism has been particularly successful. The contrasts between Neoclassicism and…

  6. Collaborative Tools in Upper Secondary School - Why?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mathiasen, Helle; Degn, Hans-Peter; Bech, Christian Winther

    2013-01-01

    The paper will discuss potentials of digital media to support student engagement and student production in Danish upper secondary education with a specific focus on group work and collaboration. With the latest school reform, upper secondary education in Denmark has experienced an increased focus...... on the system theoretical approach will be described. Third, the findings from the qualitative, and quantitative studies will be presented. The paper concludes that the study demonstrates changes in the way group work is organised by the students using digital media, and a tendency to develop student engagement...

  7. Pedagogical discourses in Bhutanese upper secondary schools

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Keller, Hanne Dauer; Utha, Karma

    2017-01-01

    two pedagogical discourses in our analysis of the Bhutanese school system: The traditional cognitive learning discourse and an alternative, experience-based discourse. The theoretical framework is then used in our analysis of empirical data from classroom observations and semi-structured interviews...

  8. Increasing the admission rate to upper secondary school

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hoest, A.; Jensen, V.M.; Nielsen, L.P.

    2013-01-01

    Although several studies investigate the effects of school resources on student performance, these studies tend to focus more on intervention effect sizes than on their cost-effectiveness. Exploiting policy-induced variation in Denmark and using high-quality administrative data, we investigate...... to upper secondary school between 4.0 and 6.3 percentage points for immigrants, but shows at best small improvements for the native students....

  9. Multicultural Upper Secondary School Life in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mørck, Yvonne

    2007-01-01

    Education has played an important role in the development of the Nordic welfare states. As in other European countries, present day Denmark wrestles with the problem of finding ways to handle the increased diversity of its population in terms of, for instance, ethnicity, religion and language...... secondary school as a micro-sociological laboratory of the multicultural processes and developments taking place in society at large. It is recommended to reflect upon and implement different strategies that could support a ‘citizenship education' which is needed in order to advance the cohesion...

  10. Teaching Quantum Physics in Upper Secondary School in France:

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lautesse, Philippe; Vila Valls, Adrien; Ferlin, Fabrice; Héraud, Jean-Loup; Chabot, Hugues

    2015-01-01

    One of the main problems in trying to understand quantum physics is the nature of the referent of quantum theory. This point is addressed in the official French curriculum in upper secondary school. Starting in 2012, after about 20 years of absence, quantum physics has returned to the national program. On the basis of the historical construction…

  11. Motivating Teachers' Commitment to Change through Transformational School Leadership in Chinese Urban Upper Secondary Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Peng

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the effects of transformational school leadership on teachers' commitment to change and the effects of organizational and teachers' factors on teachers' perception of transformational school leadership in the Chinese urban upper secondary school context. Design/methodology/approach: The paper mainly…

  12. Schooling Sexualities and Gendered Bodies. Experiences of LGBT Students in Icelandic Upper Secondary Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kjaran, Jón Ingvar; Kristinsdóttir, Guðrún

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, we study how Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender people (LGBT) students in Icelandic upper secondary schools interpret their experience of heteronormative environment and how they respond to it. The aim is to explore how sexualities and gendered bodies are constructed through "schooling". The article draws on interview…

  13. Upper secondary school as an innovative health laboratory

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Stine Frydendal

    , 2009; Heldbjerg et al., 2009) on cultural and organizational aspects of physical activity in the upper secondary school in a latemodern era. The project aims to provide knowledge about the application of a participatory approach when working with health promotion and thus be conducive to a sustainable...... a methodological study seeking to develop methods in creating organizational change regarding health policies with participation, democracy and innovation as the main focus-areas (Dahl og Juhl: 2009). This method demands involvement from Rysensteen Gymnasium and the design is structured so that ideas, discussions...

  14. Elements of Experimental Work in the Upper Secondary School

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Josephsen, Jens

    1999-01-01

    The objectives for the Danish second year upper secondary school chemistry course are intended to contribute to a general understanding of science as well as to the preparation for university studies in science subjects. At the university, knowledge of the students’ entrance qualifications...... is important for freshman teaching planning. The practical work of 4 different classes has been characterised by studying laboratory exercise manuals. An estimate has been given of to what extent the qualitative goals for the practical work can be reached. An outline of elements of experimental work used...

  15. ling af virksomheders administrative byrder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Langsted, Lars Bo

    2004-01-01

    Selskabsstyrelsen har offentliggjort rapporten: "Rapport om måling af virksomhedernes administrative byrder ved årsregnskabsloven og rapport om revisionshonorar for B-virksomheder."......Selskabsstyrelsen har offentliggjort rapporten: "Rapport om måling af virksomhedernes administrative byrder ved årsregnskabsloven og rapport om revisionshonorar for B-virksomheder."...

  16. Las ideas lingüísticas de John R. Firth

    OpenAIRE

    Battaner Moro, Elena

    2014-01-01

    Esta monografía es la primera publicada a nivel nacional e internacional que describe y analiza la obra y la teoría lingüística de John R. Firth (1890-1960). John Rupert Firth (1890-1960) fue un lingüista británico que expuso sus tesis sobre el lenguaje, las lenguas y la lingüística entre los años 1930 y 1960. Desarrolló su trabajo principalmente en la Universidad de Londres; en concreto, en el Departamento de Lingüística y Fonética de la School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS), cuya di...

  17. Lenguaje audiovisual y lenguaje escolar: dos cosmovisiones en la estructuración lingüística del niño Audiovisual language and school language: two cosmo-visions in the structuring of children linguistics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lirian Astrid Ciro

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available En el presente texto se pretende analizar la compleja red relacional existente entre el lenguaje audiovisual (partiendo de la televisión como uno de sus soportes y el lenguaje escolar, para vislumbrar sus efectos en el lenguaje infantil. La idea es mostrar el lenguaje audiovisual como un mecanismo potencialmente educativo, por cuanto es una forma de resignificar el mundo y de socialización lingüística; tal característica hace necesario entablar una relación estratégica entre él y el lenguaje escolar. De este modo, el lenguaje infantil se instaura como un punto intermedio en donde confluyen esos distintos lenguajes, y permite al niño tener cosmovisiones abiertas y flexibles de diversas realidades. Todo esto llevará a la configuración de seres creativos, novedosos y atentos a escuchar opciones... a la estructuración de una nueva sociedad, en donde la multiplicidad de códigos (entendidos como sistemas de simbolización vayan haciendo más fácil la expresión de lo que se es y se quiere ser.This paper analyzes the complex relationship between audiovisual language (TV being one of its main supports and school language in order to observe their effects on child language. In this way, audiovisual language is a potentially educational mechanism because it is both a new way of resignifying the world and a mechanism of linguistic socialization. Hence, it is necessary to establish a strategic relationship between audiovisual language and school language. In this way, child language is an intermediate point between these two languages and it allows the child to have open and flexible views of different realities and to be willing to weigh options. In short, it is the structuring of a new society where multiplicity of codes will contribute to facilitating free expression.

  18. Students' Voices about Information and Communication Technology in Upper Secondary Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olofsson, Anders D.; Lindberg, Ola J.; Fransson, Göran

    2018-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to explore upper secondary school students' voices on how information and communication technology (ICT) could structure and support their everyday activities and time at school. Design/methodology/approach: In all, 11 group interviews were conducted with a total of 46 students from three upper secondary…

  19. Manifestations of Heterosexism in Icelandic Upper Secondary Schools and the Responses of LGBT Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kjaran, Jón Ingvar; Jóhannesson, Ingólfur Ásgeir

    2013-01-01

    How does institutionalized heterosexism manifest itself in Icelandic upper secondary schools and how do lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) students respond to these manifestations? In addressing these questions, interviews were conducted with six current and former LGBT upper secondary school students, using queer theory and thematic…

  20. Dissection of Mammalian Organs and Opinions about It among Lower and Upper Secondary School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Špernjak, Andreja; Šorgo, Andrej

    2017-01-01

    This article describes the results of a study that investigated the use of the dissection of organs in anatomy and physiology classes in Slovenian lower and upper secondary schools. Based on a sample of 485 questionnaires collected from Slovenian lower and upper secondary school students, we can conclude that dissection of mammalian organs during…

  1. Pedagogic Identities for Sale! Segregation and Homogenization in Swedish Upper Secondary School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dovemark, Marianne; Holm, Ann-Sofie

    2017-01-01

    The aim of this article is to illustrate how Swedish schools construct different pedagogic identities in the way they marketize themselves. We examine through a Bernsteinian lens how upper secondary schools promote themselves; what identities are being called for by the schools and how these identities are expressed. Moreover, the article intends…

  2. Radon - kilder og måling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Torben Valdbjørn; Wraber, Ida Kristina

    Når man skal vurdere en bygnings indeklima er det vigtigt at have viden om radonindholdet. Denne viden får man ved måling, da radon hverken kan ses, lugtes, høres, smages eller føles. Denne anvisning redegør for radons oprindelse og indvirkning på menneskers sundhed. Anvisningen beskriver metoder...... til måling og analyse af radonindholdet i en bygnings indeluft. Læseren får indsigt i, hvordan man relativt let med standardiserede metoder kan eftervise, om en bygning opfylder bygningsreglementets krav til radon i indeluften. Anvisningen henvender sig til bygningsejere, bygherrer, projekterende og...

  3. Bordieu e a lingüística aplicada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria de Lourdes Otero Brabo Cruz

    2001-02-01

    Full Text Available

    Procura-se no presente trabalho: (a analisar as concepções de Bourdieu no que diz respeito à competência lingüística e ao tratamento dos fatos lingüísticos; (b traçar um paralelo entre essas concepções e a lingüística aplicada; e (c definir a sua postura como sendo a de um lingüista aplicado.

  4. Bordieu e a lingüística aplicada

    OpenAIRE

    Maria de Lourdes Otero Brabo Cruz

    2001-01-01

    Procura-se no presente trabalho: (a) analisar as concepções de Bourdieu no que diz respeito à competência lingüística e ao tratamento dos fatos lingüísticos; (b) traçar um paralelo entre essas concepções e a lingüística aplicada; e (c) definir a sua postura como sendo a de um lingüista aplicado.

  5. ling af lydisolation og efterklangstid i praksis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristensen, J.

    Meddelelsen omhandler undersøgelser af mulighederne for at forbedre reproducerbarheden ved måling af luftlydisolation, trinlydniveau og efterklangstid under betingelser, der svarer til måling i den indflytningsfærdige bygning. Der omtales resultater fra måling med to forskellige udformninger af h...

  6. Teacher's Perceptions of Class Control in the Upper Primary School.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, Alasdair

    1984-01-01

    Reports that 73% of 66 elementary school (primary) teachers interviewed in the Aberdeen, Scotland, area operated using moderate policies of class control, rather than the permissive policies commonly found in small rural schools or the more traditional restrictive policies. (SB)

  7. Teacher–student relationship, student mental health, and dropout from upper secondary school: A literature review

    OpenAIRE

    Krane, Vibeke; Karlsson, Bengt; Ness, Ottar; Kim, Hesook Suzie

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to assess the status of knowledge regarding the association between teacher–student relationship (TSR), dropout from upper secondary school, and student mental health. A literature search was conducted in Eric, PsycInfo, Medline, Scopus, Norart, and Idunn covering the period spanning 2000 to 2015. Sixteen articles were identified for review. These articles were analyzed via thematic analysis. The results indicate that the TSR in upper secondary school is associat...

  8. 10. Temadag indenfor Koordinatmåling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Erik; De Chiffre, Leonardo

    2004-01-01

    Temadag om Optisk koordinatmåling, 3D digitalisering og Reverse Engineering Conference on Optical Coordinate Metrology, 3D Digitisation and Reverse Engineering Konferencemappe Oktober 2004 Editorer: Leonardo De Chiffre & Erik Larsen Institut for Produktion og Ledelse Danmarks Tekniske Universitet...

  9. ling af radon i bygninger

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Torben Valdbjørn

    endvidere til at vurdere radon­eksponeringen i forhold til det nationale referenceniveau. Anvisningen dækker radonmåling i boliger og andre bygninger, fx kontorer, skoler og institutioner. Den henvender sig til bygningsejere, bygherrer, projekterende og brugere af bygninger. Desuden henvender anvisningen...

  10. Implicit Knowledge of General Upper Secondary School in a Bridge-building Project

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Annette; Andreasen, Karen Egedal

    2016-01-01

    Bridge-building activities are practiced widely in the education systems of Europe. They are meant to bridge transitions between lower and upper secondary school and form a mandatory part of the youth guidance system in Denmark. By giving pupils the opportunity to experience the different...... educational context of upper secondary school, bridge-building activities are meant to facilitate their decision-making on educational paths, but also to attract more and new groups of pupils. However, the premises of the inherent differences of educational contexts and of pupils’ lacking knowledge of upper...... secondary education can be questioned. In this ethnographic case study of a bridge-building project in a rural area in Denmark, we analyse the implicit knowledge of the general upper secondary school, as it is practiced in a bridge-building project, and how it is experienced by the pupils on the background...

  11. Investigating Upper Secondary School Teachers' Conceptions: Is Mathematical Reasoning Considered Gendered?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sumpter, Lovisa

    2016-01-01

    This study examines Swedish upper secondary school teachers' gendered conceptions about students' mathematical reasoning: whether reasoning was considered gendered and, if so, which type of reasoning was attributed to girls and boys. The sample consisted of 62 teachers from six different schools from four different locations in Sweden. The results…

  12. What Characterizes the Algebraic Competence of Norwegian Upper Secondary School Students? Evidence from TIMSS Advanced

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pedersen, Ida Friestad

    2015-01-01

    Algebra is the fundamental language of mathematics, and a profound understanding of school algebra is an important prerequisite for further studies in mathematical sciences. The aim of this study is to characterize the algebraic competence of the Norwegian upper secondary school students participating in Trends in International Mathematics and…

  13. Hand Hygiene Program Decreases School Absenteeism Due to Upper Respiratory Infections

    Science.gov (United States)

    Azor-Martinez, Ernestina; Cobos-Carrascosa, Elena; Seijas-Vazquez, Maria Luisa; Fernández-Sánchez, Carmen; Strizzi, Jenna M.; Torres-Alegre, Pilar; Santisteban-Martínez, Joaquin; Gimenez-Sanchez, Francisco

    2016-01-01

    Background: We assessed the effectiveness of a handwashing program using hand sanitizer to prevent school absenteeism due to upper respiratory infections (URIs). Methods: This was a randomized, controlled, and open study on a sample of 1341 children 4-12 years old, attending 5 state schools in Almería (Spain), with an 8-month follow-up. The…

  14. The design of KRT digital system in Ling'ao Ⅱ

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sun Yuanjun; Zhang Renyan; Zhao Weijun

    2013-01-01

    In the design of KRT system in Ling Ao Ⅱ, it requires the hardware composition shall be similar to that of Ling Ao Ⅰ. At the same time, the KRT system should be digitized and centralized. In order to realize the goal, the KRT system will be divided into the lower and upper parts. The local sensor at the lower part will transform the analog signal to digital signal in the local display unit; then the digital signals are sent to the upper part (cabinet) by RS-485; the cabinet collects the signals, saves and displays them in the server or operation workstation. or sends them to the DCS. On the other hand, the digital signals will be treated into analog or on/off signals in cabinet and transmitted to other systems. (authors)

  15. New Learning Strategies in the upper Secondary School

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Borgnakke, Karen

    2006-01-01

    The article describes the Danish fieldwork and analyses it-based strategies and school development on three levels: Leadership, teaching and learning......The article describes the Danish fieldwork and analyses it-based strategies and school development on three levels: Leadership, teaching and learning...

  16. Management by Objectives: The Swedish Experience in Upper Secondary Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindberg, Erik; Wilson, Timothy L.

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: This paper seeks to explore how managing by objectives (MBO) has been adopted in Swedish schools and to reflect on some of the consequences in a longitudinal study. Results relate to whether introduction has increased student performance and whether it works as a tool for the principals to create more effective schools.…

  17. El cambio lingüístico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    HECTOR JUVENAL BUSTOS RUIZ

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Los cambios lingüísticos son habitualmente analizados dentro del marco de una teoría del aprendizaje pero sin referencia al contexto histórico. Es el conjunto de las luchas entre los grupos sociales lo que da origen a esas transformaciones como lo muestran, por ejemplo, los cambios fonéticos observados en ciertas grandes ciudades norteamericanas, incluso si la pequeña burguesía juega en esas luchas un rol particularmente importante. Uno de los factores de la innovación social y lingüística es, en efecto, la disposición al ascenso social: todos los agentes (clases medias, mujeres, etc. socialmente inclinados a ascender contri- buyen a cambiar y a hacer cambiar en la medida misma en que hay que cambiar, a veces hasta denegarse, si es necesario, para ascender.

  18. Did the Vikings Really Have Helmets with Horns? Sources and Narrative Content in Swedish Upper Primary School History Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stolare, Martin

    2017-01-01

    The topic of this article is history education in upper primary school. Traditionally, the history subject has had a narrative orientation at this school level in Sweden, but it is also pattern that is discernible internationally. The recent Swedish upper primary school syllabus places more emphasis on the procedural aspects of the subject. In…

  19. Association of personal hygiene with common morbidities among upper primary school children in rural Odisha.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paul, Kalyan Kumar; Panigrahi, Sandeep Kumar; Soodi Reddy, Arun Kiran; Sahu, Trilochan

    2017-01-01

    In India, children of upper primary school receive less attention from health-care providers. The majority of their health problems are preventable through hygienic practices. The aim of this study was to find out the association of personal hygiene with common morbidities among upper primary school children. A cross-sectional study conducted in a rural upper primary school of Odisha. A semi-structured schedule based on the Global School Health Survey Questionnaire and necessary instruments for clinical examination were used. Data were entered in Microsoft Excel 2007 and analyzed by SPSS version 20 software. Of 90 participants, 58 (64.4%) were girls. The mean age was 11.8 (±1.01) years. The mean body mass index of females was significantly higher than males (16.95 vs. 14.72; P = 0.001). More than 90% of children maintained good personal hygiene such as clean tongue, clean hair, handwashing, and using footwear. The most common morbidities found were dental caries (38.9%), history of worms in stool and lethargy (20%). A mean score of 6.14 ± 0.11 (out of 8) was seen for personal hygiene and not associated with any particular morbidity or gender. Brushing daily was significantly associated with reduced dental caries (χ 2 = 8.7; P personal hygiene. School health services should also focus on upper primary school children for improvement of personal hygiene.

  20. Girls and Upper School Physics: Some Optimism and Opportunity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitrevski, Juliana; Treagust, David

    2011-01-01

    In recent years, the numbers of girls in secondary and tertiary education studying Physics have declined. This research sought to investigate Years 10 and 11 female students' views about Physics and their physics teachers and was conducted in an all-girls independent school. While the findings show that in general these students do not relate well…

  1. Pupils in Upper Secondary School Sports: Choices Based on What?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferry, Magnus; Lund, Stefan

    2018-01-01

    In the fields of both education and sport, the possession of capital and habitus influences an individual's lifestyles and choices, which in turn affects the social selection within these fields. In this article, we will study the Swedish system of school sports as an overlap between the fields of education and sport, and thus viewed as a double…

  2. Educating Voters: Political Education in Norwegian Upper-Secondary Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borhaug, Kjetil

    2008-01-01

    Research on political education in schools suggests that an emphasis on formal structure, constitutional principles, formal citizen rights, and debates on current issues is common. The Norwegian national curriculum on political education envisions a different political education emphasizing that students should be critical of political life and…

  3. Young People’s Attitudes to Attractive Work, During and After Upper Secondary School

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ing-Marie Andersson

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Attractive work has been defined as a job position which an individual wants, where the employee experiences job stability and where employee identification and dedication are fostered. The present study is aimed at increasing knowledge about attitude changes to work during young people’s transition from school to work-life. A closed cohort, consisting of 225 pupils from graduating classes in 10 upper secondary schools in Sweden, was studied. The most significant result was found in the pupils’ expectations regarding work attractiveness while they were still attending school and in the subsequent year, after they had finished school. During school attendance, there were no differences between the groups, while those who did not find employment after school greatly reduced their demands regarding attractive work.Those who managed to get a job maintained the same level of expectation as during their school years, in terms of requirements for an attractive job.

  4. How Teaching Practices Are Connected to Student Intention to Enrol in Upper Secondary School Physics Courses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Juuti, Kalle; Lavonen, Jari

    2016-01-01

    Background: In developed countries, it is challenging for teachers to select pedagogical practices that encourage students to enrol in science and technology courses in upper secondary school. Purpose: Aiming to understand the enrolment dynamics, this study analyses sample-based data from Finland's National Assessment in Science to determine…

  5. An Instrument to Determine the Technological Literacy Levels of Upper Secondary School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luckay, Melanie B.; Collier-Reed, Brandon I.

    2014-01-01

    In this article, an instrument for assessing upper secondary school students' levels of technological literacy is presented. The items making up the instrument emerged from a previous study that employed a phenomenographic research approach to explore students' conceptions of technology in terms of their understanding of the "nature…

  6. Didactics, Dance and Teacher Knowing in an Upper Secondary School Context

    Science.gov (United States)

    Styrke, Britt-Marie

    2015-01-01

    This article deals with didactics, dance and teacher knowing in an upper secondary school context in Sweden. Dance is referred to as a western theatrical art form as well as to a subject mainly defined through its curriculum. A qualitative interview study with experienced dance teachers constitutes the base on which two overarching theoretical…

  7. Upper Primary School Teachers' Mathematical Knowledge for Teaching Functional Thinking in Algebra

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilkie, Karina J.

    2014-01-01

    This article is based on a project that investigated teachers' knowledge in teaching an important aspect of algebra in the middle years of schooling--functions, relations and joint variation. As part of the project, 105 upper primary teachers were surveyed during their participation in Contemporary Teaching and Learning of Mathematics, a research…

  8. Teachers' Perceptions of the Teaching of Acids and Bases in Swedish Upper Secondary Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drechsler, Michal; Van Driel, Jan

    2009-01-01

    We report in this paper on a study of chemistry teachers' perceptions of their teaching in upper secondary schools in Sweden, regarding models of acids and bases, especially the Bronsted and the Arrhenius model. A questionnaire consisting of a Likert-type scale was developed, which focused on teachers' knowledge of different models, knowledge of…

  9. Principals' Leadership in Mexican Upper High Schools: The Paradoxes between Rules and Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santizo Rodall, Claudia A.; Ortega Salazar, Sylvia B.

    2018-01-01

    This article discusses the type of organization and leadership that underlies a competency-based management rule established in Mexico (2008) applicable to principals in public upper high schools. This rule, identified as the 449 Agreement, describes competencies and communicates expected behavior. Implementation, however, is mediated by the…

  10. New roles for mathematics in multi-disciplinary,upper secondary school projects

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindenskov, Lena; Andresen, Mette

    2009-01-01

    A new concept, compulsory multi-disciplinary courses, was introduced in upper secondary school curriculum as a central part of a recent reform. This paper reports from a case study of such a triple/four-disciplinary project in mathematics, physics, chemistry and ‘general study preparation...

  11. Empirical based theory about literary development and differentiation in upper-secondary schools

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Witte, T. C. H.; Rijlaarsdam, G. C. W.; Schram, D. H.

    2010-01-01

    In the process of literary socialization in upper-secondary schools, adolescents learn to respond to literature in accordance with the examination syllabus. Two of the major problems teachers of literature have to deal with are 1) how they can deliver instructions and implement their goals to

  12. Teacher Rated School Ethos and Student Reported Bullying—A Multilevel Study of Upper Secondary Schools in Stockholm, Sweden

    Science.gov (United States)

    Modin, Bitte; Låftman, Sara B.; Östberg, Viveca

    2017-01-01

    School ethos refers to the school leadership’s purposive efforts to shape and direct the attitudes, values and behaviors needed in order to promote an active learning environment and to prevent the emergence of undesirable behaviors by creating shared meaning and common goals for the school. The aim of this study was to examine how teacher rated aspects of school ethos are linked with manifestations of bullying among 11th grade students. Five teacher-rated sub-dimensions of school ethos (staff stability, teacher morale, structure-order, student focus, and academic atmosphere) were examined in relation to student-reported perpetration of and exposure to traditional school bullying and cyberbullying. The data material combines student and teacher information from two separate data collections performed in 2016, comprising teachers and students in 58 upper secondary schools in Stockholm. Analyses showed that bullying was associated with all but one of the five sub-dimensions of school ethos, namely structure and order for dealing with bullying behaviors at the school. Results are discussed in light of this counter-intuitive finding. Our findings nevertheless lend support to the idea that the social organization of schools, as reflected in their teacher-rated ethos, can affect individual students’ attitudes in a way that prevents the emergence of bullying behavior among students. PMID:29236039

  13. Teacher Rated School Ethos and Student Reported Bullying-A Multilevel Study of Upper Secondary Schools in Stockholm, Sweden.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Modin, Bitte; Låftman, Sara B; Östberg, Viveca

    2017-12-13

    School ethos refers to the school leadership's purposive efforts to shape and direct the attitudes, values and behaviors needed in order to promote an active learning environment and to prevent the emergence of undesirable behaviors by creating shared meaning and common goals for the school. The aim of this study was to examine how teacher rated aspects of school ethos are linked with manifestations of bullying among 11th grade students. Five teacher-rated sub-dimensions of school ethos (staff stability, teacher morale, structure-order, student focus, and academic atmosphere) were examined in relation to student-reported perpetration of and exposure to traditional school bullying and cyberbullying. The data material combines student and teacher information from two separate data collections performed in 2016, comprising teachers and students in 58 upper secondary schools in Stockholm. Analyses showed that bullying was associated with all but one of the five sub-dimensions of school ethos, namely structure and order for dealing with bullying behaviors at the school. Results are discussed in light of this counter-intuitive finding. Our findings nevertheless lend support to the idea that the social organization of schools, as reflected in their teacher-rated ethos, can affect individual students' attitudes in a way that prevents the emergence of bullying behavior among students.

  14. Teacher Rated School Ethos and Student Reported Bullying—A Multilevel Study of Upper Secondary Schools in Stockholm, Sweden

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bitte Modin

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available School ethos refers to the school leadership’s purposive efforts to shape and direct the attitudes, values and behaviors needed in order to promote an active learning environment and to prevent the emergence of undesirable behaviors by creating shared meaning and common goals for the school. The aim of this study was to examine how teacher rated aspects of school ethos are linked with manifestations of bullying among 11th grade students. Five teacher-rated sub-dimensions of school ethos (staff stability, teacher morale, structure-order, student focus, and academic atmosphere were examined in relation to student-reported perpetration of and exposure to traditional school bullying and cyberbullying. The data material combines student and teacher information from two separate data collections performed in 2016, comprising teachers and students in 58 upper secondary schools in Stockholm. Analyses showed that bullying was associated with all but one of the five sub-dimensions of school ethos, namely structure and order for dealing with bullying behaviors at the school. Results are discussed in light of this counter-intuitive finding. Our findings nevertheless lend support to the idea that the social organization of schools, as reflected in their teacher-rated ethos, can affect individual students’ attitudes in a way that prevents the emergence of bullying behavior among students.

  15. Personality traits measured at baseline can predict academic performance in upper secondary school three years late.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosander, Pia; Bäckström, Martin

    2014-12-01

    The aim of the present study was to explore the ability of personality to predict academic performance in a longitudinal study of a Swedish upper secondary school sample. Academic performance was assessed throughout a three-year period via final grades from the compulsory school and upper secondary school. The Big Five personality factors (Costa & McCrae, ) - particularly Conscientiousness and Neuroticism - were found to predict overall academic performance, after controlling for general intelligence. Results suggest that Conscientiousness, as measured at the age of 16, can explain change in academic performance at the age of 19. The effect of Neuroticism on Conscientiousness indicates that, as regarding getting good grades, it is better to be a bit neurotic than to be stable. The study extends previous work by assessing the relationship between the Big Five and academic performance over a three-year period. The results offer educators avenues for improving educational achievement. © 2014 Scandinavian Psychological Associations and John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  16. Association of personal hygiene with common morbidities among upper primary school children in rural Odisha

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kalyan Kumar Paul

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Context: In India, children of upper primary school receive less attention from health-care providers. The majority of their health problems are preventable through hygienic practices. Aims: The aim of this study was to find out the association of personal hygiene with common morbidities among upper primary school children. Settings and Design: A cross-sectional study conducted in a rural upper primary school of Odisha. Subjects and Methods: A semi-structured schedule based on the Global School Health Survey Questionnaire and necessary instruments for clinical examination were used. Statistical Analysis Used: Data were entered in Microsoft Excel 2007 and analyzed by SPSS version 20 software. Results: Of 90 participants, 58 (64.4% were girls. The mean age was 11.8 (±1.01 years. The mean body mass index of females was significantly higher than males (16.95 vs. 14.72; P = 0.001. More than 90% of children maintained good personal hygiene such as clean tongue, clean hair, handwashing, and using footwear. The most common morbidities found were dental caries (38.9%, history of worms in stool and lethargy (20%. A mean score of 6.14 ± 0.11 (out of 8 was seen for personal hygiene and not associated with any particular morbidity or gender. Brushing daily was significantly associated with reduced dental caries (χ2 = 8.7; P < 0.005 and foul-smelling breath (χ2 = 4.93; P < 0.05. Fungal infections were significantly less in children who bathed daily (χ2 = 28.7; <0.005 and wore clean clothes (χ2 = 5.06; P < 0.05. Conclusion: Dental caries, foul-smelling breath, and fungal infections were significantly associated with poor personal hygiene. School health services should also focus on upper primary school children for improvement of personal hygiene.

  17. In School We Have Not Time for the Future: Voices of Swedish Upper Secondary School Students about Solidarity and the Future

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torbjörnsson, Tomas; Molin, Lena

    2015-01-01

    The present article presents results obtained from a survey focusing on attitudes to solidarity among upper secondary school students. A relation between positive attitudes to solidarity and future-orientation was evident. The survey results were reinforced by a second study, exploring how students in the Swedish upper secondary school perceived…

  18. How teaching practices are connected to student intention to enrol in upper secondary school physics courses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Juuti, Kalle; Lavonen, Jari

    2016-05-01

    Background: In developed countries, it is challenging for teachers to select pedagogical practices that encourage students to enrol in science and technology courses in upper secondary school. Purpose: Aiming to understand the enrolment dynamics, this study analyses sample-based data from Finland's National Assessment in Science to determine whether pedagogical approaches influence student intention to enrol in upper secondary school physics courses. Sample: This study examined a clustered sample of 2949 Finnish students in the final year of comprehensive school (15-16 years old). Methods: Through explorative factor analysis, we extracted several variables that were expected to influence student intention to enrol in physics courses. We applied partial correlation to determine the underlying interdependencies of the variables. Results: The analysis revealed that the main predictor of enrolment in upper secondary school physics courses is whether students feel that physics is important. Although statistically significant, partial correlations between variables were rather small. However, the analysis of partial correlations revealed that pedagogical practices influence inquiry and attitudinal factors. Pedagogical practices that emphasise science experimentation and the social construction of knowledge had the strongest influence. Conclusions: The research implies that to increase student enrolment in physics courses, the way students interpret the subject's importance needs to be addressed, which can be done by the pedagogical practices of discussion, teacher demonstrations, and practical work.

  19. Analizadores Multilingües en FreeLing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lluís Padró

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available FreeLing es una librería de código abierto para el procesamiento multilíngüe automático, que proporciona una amplia gama de servicios de análisis lingüístico para diversos idiomas. FreeLing ofrece a los desarrolladores de aplicaciones de Procesamiento del Lenguaje Natural funciones de análisis y anotación lingüística de textos, con la consiguiente reducción del coste de construcción de dichas aplicaciones. FreeLing es personalizable y ampliable, y está fuertemente orientado a aplicaciones del mundo real en términos de velocidad y robustez. Los desarrolladores pueden utilizar los recursos lingüísticos por defecto (diccionarios, lexicones, gramáticas, etc, ampliarlos, adaptarlos a dominios particulares, o –dado que la librería es de código abierto– desarrollar otros nuevos para idiomas específicos o necesidades especiales de las aplicaciones. Este artículo presenta los principales cambios y mejoras incluidos en la versión 3.0 de FreeLing, y resume algunos proyectos industriales relevantes en los que se ha utilizado.

  20. Vocabulary and Receptive Knowledge of English Collocations among Swedish Upper Secondary School Students

    OpenAIRE

    Bergström, Kerstin

    2008-01-01

    The aim of this study is to examine the vocabulary and receptive collocation knowledge in English among Swedish upper secondary school students. The primary material consists of two vocabulary tests, one collocation test, and a background questionnaire. The first research question concerns whether the students who receive a major part of their education in English have a higher level of vocabulary and receptive collocation knowledge in English than those who are taught primarily in Swedish. T...

  1. Chemistry: content, context and choices : towards students' higher order problem solving in upper secondary school

    OpenAIRE

    Broman, Karolina

    2015-01-01

    Chemistry is often claimed to be difficult, irrelevant, and uninteresting to school students. Even students who enjoy doing science often have problems seeing themselves as being scientists. This thesis explores and challenges the negative perception of chemistry by investigating upper secondary students’ views on the subject. Based on students’ ideas for improving chemistry education to make the subject more interesting and meaningful, new learning approaches rooted in context-based learning...

  2. [Training, the key to improving eHealth literacy of upper secondary school students].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hernández-Rabanal, Carme; Vall, Aurora; Boter, Clara

    To explore whether training on strategies to identify and assess health-related information online has a positive impact on students' perception of their own eHealth literacy. The validated eHealth Literacy Scale (eHEALS) was administered to a sample of upper secondary school students, aged 15-18. One week later, they attended a training session on how to search and identify reliable health-related information and resources online. The eHEALS was administered again at the end of this session. Information about gender and school year was collected in both sessions. Perceived eHealth literacy was assessed by comparing the scores obtained before and after the session. Bivariate and multiple linear regressions were completed. Of the 298 students enrolled in upper secondary school (Bachillerato), 285 were included in the study. Approximately 52.28% (149) were female, and 47.72% (136) were male. The mean eHEALS score before the session was 24.19 (range: 8-40), and was 28.54 after it. The training was associated with higher perceived eHealth literacy scores (p <0,0001). Health literacy was positively associated with the usefulness and importance students give the Internet. Attendance at a training session on strategies to identify and assess health-related resources online is associated with higher levels of perceived eHealth literacy. Implementing specific training sessions on eHealth literacy in upper secondary school is a promising approach for enhancing students' eHealth literacy. Copyright © 2017 SESPAS. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  3. Queering the Environment and Caring for the Self: Icelandic LGBT Students' Experience of the Upper Secondary School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kjaran, Jón; Kristinsdóttir, Guðrún

    2015-01-01

    Heteronormative culture and heterosexism is experienced by many LGBT students and queer individuals in their daily interactions with their environment. Icelandic upper secondary schools are no exception in this respect. This article draws on interview data with five LGBT students supported by semi-participatory observations at two upper secondary…

  4. The prevalence of mental disorders among upper primary school children in Kenya.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ndetei, David Musyimi; Mutiso, Victoria; Musyimi, Christine; Mokaya, Aggrey G; Anderson, Kelly K; McKenzie, Kwame; Musau, Abednego

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence and correlates of mental disorders among upper primary school children in grades five through seven in Kenya. The Youth Self Report (YSR) instrument was adapted for use in Kenyan schools and administered to 2267 school children in grades five through seven from 23 randomly selected schools. We estimated the prevalence of DSM-IV mental disorders, and used logistic regression analyses to examine the socio-demographic factors associated with each disorder. The prevalence of any mental disorder among Kenyan school children was 37.7 % (95 % CI = 35.7-39.7 %). Somatic complaints were the most prevalent (29.6 %, 95 % CI = 27.8-31.5 %), followed by affective disorders (14.1 %, 95 % CI = 12.7-15.6 %) and conduct disorder (12.5 %, 95 % CI = 11.2-13.9). The presence of one or more comorbid mental disorder was seen among 18.2 % (95 % CI = 16.6-19.8 %) of children. Male sex, living in a peri-urban vs. rural area, being held back in school, having divorced or separated parents, and having an employed mother were associated with an increased likelihood of having most of the mental disorders examined, whereas increasing age was associated with a reduced likelihood. We observed a high prevalence of mental disorders among school children in Kenya. If not detected early, these disorders may interfere with children's psychological, social, and educational development. Our findings highlight the importance of implementing screening measures in schools that can detect single and multiple disorders in order to improve the mental health and well-being of the next generation.

  5. Bilateral differences in the upper quarter function of high school aged baseball and softball players.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Butler, Robert J; Myers, Heather S; Black, Douglass; Kiesel, Kyle B; Plisky, Phillip J; Moorman, Claude T; Queen, Robin M

    2014-08-01

    The Upper Quarter Y Balance Test (YBT-UQ) was developed as a way to identify upper extremity and trunk mobility in the open kinetic chain in the reaching limb as well as midrange limitations and asymmetries of upper extremity and core stability in the closed kinetic chain on the stabilizing limb. Performance on the YBT-UQ is similar between genders and between limbs; however, this has not been examined in athletes who participate in sports that result in upper extremity asymmetries. The primary purpose of this study is to determine if differences exist between the throwing vs. non-throwing sides in high-school baseball and softball athletes on the YBT-UQ. In order to complete this forty-eight male high school baseball players and seventeen female high school softball players were tested on the YBT-UQ. Reach distances were normalized to arm length (% AL). Comparisons were made between the throwing (T) and non-throwing (NT) arm for each direction as well as the composite score. No significant differences were observed between the T and NT arm for the medial (NT: 98.4 ± 8.6 %AL, T: 99.1 ± 8.6 %AL, p=0.42), inferolateral (NT: 90.8 ± 11.8 %AL, T: 90.3 ± 11.5 %AL, p =0.61), superolateral (NT: 70.6 ± 10.9 %AL, T: 70.4 ± 11.1 % AL, p=0.91) reaches, or the composite score (NT: 87.2 ± 8.9 % AL, T: 86.6 ± 8.1 %AL, p=0.72). Similarly, no differences were observed between the male baseball and female softball players (p=0.30-0.90). Based on these findings, it was concluded that there was no difference in performance on the YBT-UQ between throwing and non-throwing limbs in high school baseball and softball players. 3.

  6. Modeling the Influences of Upper-Elementary School Students' Digital Reading Literacy, Socioeconomic Factors, and Self-Regulated Learning Strategies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Shin-Feng

    2017-01-01

    Background: Reading is an interactive and constructive process of making meaning by engaging a variety of materials and sources and by participating in reading communities at school or in daily life. Aim: The purpose of this study was to explore the factors affecting digital reading literacy among upper-elementary school students. Method: A…

  7. Trying to fit in - upper secondary school students' negotiation processes between sports culture and youth culture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Stine Frydendal; Thing, Lone Friis

    2018-01-01

    In this paper we present results concerning how students in a Danish upper secondary school negotiate between sports culture and the prevailing norms of youth culture in a local school context. The study shows that it can be rather difficult for young people to combine sports culture with the local...... youth culture, because living a healthy and physically active life doesn’t fit very well with the prevailing norms of youth culture, which involve a dominant social arena characterized by parties and alcohol. By applying the figurational sociology of Norbert Elias, this article shows that being included...... in a sports figuration can result in exclusion from the youth figuration. Young athletic students are therefore in a constant process of negotiation, where they struggle to fit into both sport and non-sport related contexts, because it is important to belong within both. The study is based on 16 focus group...

  8. Solar Science Digital Comic Series that promotes Science Literacy with Upper Elementary and Middle School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kellagher, E.; Scherrer, D. K.; Buhr Sullivan, S. M.

    2013-12-01

    The SDO instruments (EVE, AIA and HMI) teams have created a digital comic book series for upper elementary and middle school students featuring solar science aficionados Camilla and Colours, 2 cool mascot characters. These comics may be printed or read on mobile devices and are available as a free download. Many teachers are looking for resources to use with their students via the IPad so our collaboration helps supply teachers with a great resource that teaches about solar concepts and helps dispel solar misconceptions. It doesn't come as a surprise to a lot of us, but a recent study confirms what's been theorized for years: Comics are a stronger learning tool than text books. Image-based storytelling is a powerful educational tool. Comics are probably more able to combine story and information simultaneously, more effectively and seamlessly, than almost any other medium. There's also a great potential to incorporate interactive elements into digital versions, so that more information can be presented on certain items on a page. For example, videos, animations and even historic footage and audio can be embedded into digital comics. Really, the possibilities are limited only by the creators' imaginations as to how to find new ways to create a rich experience that is interesting to explore for students. We are excited to unveil this new series of solar science comics that promotes science literacy with upper elementary and middle school students.

  9. The viability of alternative assessment methods in the Greek upper secondary school: the oral portfolio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angeliki Daphni

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Τhe final examination of the English language subject, in the context of the Greek state upper secondary education, is a traditional paper-and-pencil test which does not include any assessment of oracy skills. This article explores the viability of the oral portfolio as an alternative assessment and pedagogic method that can facilitate the assessment of speaking and listening skills and create a more motivating learning environment. To this effect, three methodological tools were designed, namely, a questionnaire addressing upper secondary English teachers in Greek state schools, a case study involving an oral portfolio implementation and finally, a questionnaire for students to record their experience. The study demonstrates that implementation of the portfolio contributed to a successful assessment of oracy skills and that it was a stimulating experience for students. The results of the study also showed that the pedagogical value of the portfolio counterbalanced its practical constraints. The paper concludes by putting forward recommendations for the future application of this assessment technique in state school education.

  10. Teacher Learning within a Multinational Project in an Upper Secondary School

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liisa Ilomäki

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available In this case study, we investigated teachers’ professional learning within a multinational project in an upper secondary school. The aim of the study was to investigate how the participating teachers adopted and applied the trialogical approach (TLA in their pedagogical practices and their challenges in doing that. The mixed method approach was used for data collection and analysis. About one-fourth of the teachers participated in the activities, ten females and three males. Three groups were identified, based on their activity in the project: pilot teachers, active adopters, and adopters. Altogether 79 students (38 males and 41 females answered a questionnaire concerning the pedagogical practices. The pedagogical revisions were well in line with TLA; the revised courses as well as new iterations and new ideas were indicators of the teachers’ creative implementation processes. However, some of the TLA ideas were more difficult to apply in an upper secondary school context; for example, the implementation of ideas involving cross-fertilization with other organizations and cultures was rare. In order to learn new pedagogical practices, teachers need organized time for collaborative planning, for reflecting, and for sharing.

  11. Achievement goal profiles and developments in effort and achievement in upper elementary school.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hornstra, Lisette; Majoor, Marieke; Peetsma, Thea

    2017-12-01

    The multiple goal perspective posits that certain combinations of achievement goals are more favourable than others in terms of educational outcomes. This study aimed to examine longitudinally whether students' achievement goal profiles and transitions between profiles are associated with developments in self-reported and teacher-rated effort and academic achievement in upper elementary school. Participants were 722 fifth-grade students and their teachers in fifth and sixth grade (N = 68). Students reported on their achievement goals and effort in language and mathematics three times in grade 5 to grade 6. Teachers rated students' general school effort. Achievement scores were obtained from school records. Goal profiles were derived with latent profile and transition analyses. Longitudinal multilevel analyses were conducted. Theoretically favourable goal profiles (high mastery and performance-approach goals, low on performance-avoidance goals), as well as transitions from less to more theoretically favourable goal profiles, were associated with higher levels and more growth in effort for language and mathematics and with stronger language achievement gains. Overall, these results provide support for the multiple goal perspective and show the sustained benefits of favourable goal profiles beyond effects of cognitive ability and background characteristics. © 2017 The Authors. British Journal of Education Psychology published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of British Psychological Society.

  12. Rehumanisasi Pendidikan Akuntansi melalui Pendekatan Epistemologi 3ling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kurnia Ekasari

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this research is to rehumanize accounting education by employing 3ling epistemology. The method used in this research consisted of 3 steps: ngerti, ngrasa, and ngelakoni. This research concluded that dehumanization in accounting education has become accepted reality. Humanization in accounting education could be implemented by integrating ethics, moral and spirituality both in accounting and accounting education and it could be done by inserting ngrasa in learning process. Humanizing accounting education will lead to human welfare. The implementation of 3ling epistemology could change the student’s perception about accounting.

  13. Smoking patterns among adolescents with asthma attending upper secondary schools: a community-based study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Precht, Dorthe Hansen; Keiding, Lis; Madsen, Mette

    2003-01-01

    adjusted for age, gender, parents' job and smoking, family type, body mass index, and exercise habits. RESULTS: In total, 37.7% smoked currently and 16.5% smoked daily; more girls than boys smoked. More pupils with asthma than without smoked daily (adjusted odds ratio [OR]: 1.15; 95% confidence interval......OBJECTIVE: Smoking among people who have asthma may be a serious health problem. We studied the prevalence of smoking and the relations between smoking and asthma, symptoms, medicine, and gender differences among adolescents with asthma. METHODS: A national cross-sectional study on health...... and lifestyles was performed in 1996-1997 using a computerized questionnaire in upper secondary schools in Denmark. We included 1887 pupils with asthma (defined as self-reported asthma diagnosed by a physician) and 20 688 controls. Smoking was categorized as daily, occasional, ex-smokers, and never smoked. We...

  14. Wu-Ling-San formula prophylaxis against recurrent calcium oxalate ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Wu-Ling-San (WLS) formula has been proved to prevent calcium oxalate nephrolithiasis both in vitro and in vivo. This is the first prospective, randomized and placebo-controlled clinical trial of WLS in calcium oxalate nephrolithiasis prevention. All patients who enrolled were asked to drink enough fluid to urinate at least 2 L ...

  15. Vibrationsmåling på Vilsundbroen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kirkegaard, Poul Henning; Hansen, Lars Pilegaard

    Denne rapport Vibrationsmåling på Vilsundbroen beskriver målinger udført i april måned 1995 for Rambøll, Hannemann & Højlund af Laboratoriet for Bærende Konstruktioner, Instituttet for Bygningsteknik, Aalborg Universitet. Målingerne er udført i relation til renoveringen af Vilsundbroen, hvor der...

  16. Role model and prototype matching: Upper-secondary school students’ meetings with tertiary STEM students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eva Lykkegaard

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Previous research has found that young people’s prototypes of science students and scientists affect their inclination to choose tertiary STEM programs (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics. Consequently, many recruitment initiatives include role models to challenge these prototypes. The present study followed 15 STEM-oriented upper-secondary school students from university-distant backgrounds during and after their participation in an 18-months long university-based recruitment and outreach project involving tertiary STEM students as role models. The analysis focusses on how the students’ meetings with the role models affected their thoughts concerning STEM students and attending university. The regular self-to-prototype matching process was shown in real-life role-models meetings to be extended to a more complex three-way matching process between students’ self-perceptions, prototype images and situation-specific conceptions of role models. Furthermore, the study underlined the positive effect of prolonged role-model contact, the importance of using several role models and that traditional school subjects catered more resistant prototype images than unfamiliar ones did.

  17. Crossing Boundaries: Exploring Black Middle and Upper Class Preservice Teachers' Perceptions of Teaching and Learning in High Poverty Urban Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis, Andrea D.

    2012-01-01

    The intent of this study was to explore the perceptions of Black middle and upper class preservice teachers as they relate to teaching and learning in high poverty urban schools. Participants included 11 senior early childhood education preservice teachers at a historically Black college in the southeast region of the United States. The study was…

  18. Race/Ethnicity and Social Capital among Middle- and Upper-Middle-Class Elementary School Families: A Structural Equation Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caldas, Stephen J.; Cornigans, Linda

    2015-01-01

    This study used structural equation modeling to conduct a first and second order confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) of a scale developed by McDonald and Moberg (2002) to measure three dimensions of social capital among a diverse group of middle- and upper-middle-class elementary school parents in suburban New York. A structural path model was…

  19. Waste Away--Information and Activities for Investigating Trash Problems and Solutions for Upper Elementary and Junior High School Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vermont Inst. of Natural Science, Woodstock.

    The solid waste problem is so pervasive that it can no longer be ignored. The purpose of this set of materials is to encourage a lifestyle that includes the use of the three R's: Reduce, Reuse, Recycle. It was designed to educate upper elementary and junior high school students who may educate their classmates, families, and community about the…

  20. "Boys Press All the Buttons and Hope It Will Help": Upper Secondary School Teachers' Gendered Conceptions about Students' Mathematical Reasoning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sumpter, Lovisa

    2016-01-01

    Previous results show that Swedish upper secondary school teachers attribute gender to cases describing different types of mathematical reasoning. The purpose of this study was to investigate how these teachers gender stereotype aspects of students' mathematical reasoning by studying the symbols that were attributed to boys and girls,…

  1. Bidirectional relations between text reading prosody and reading comprehension in the upper primary school grades: A longitudinal perspective

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Veenendaal, N.J.; Groen, M.A.; Verhoeven, L.T.W.

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the directionality of the relationship between text reading prosody and reading comprehension in the upper grades of primary school. We compared 3 theoretical possibilities: Two unidirectional relations from text reading prosody to reading comprehension and

  2. Difference in Voice Problems and Noise Reports Between Teachers of Public and Private Schools in Upper Egypt.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abo-Hasseba, Ahmed; Waaramaa, Teija; Alku, Paavo; Geneid, Ahmed

    2017-07-01

    This study aimed to assess teachers' voice symptoms and noise in schools in Upper Egypt and to study possible differences between teachers in public and private schools. A cross-sectional analysis via questionnaire was carried out. Four schools were chosen randomly to represent primary and preparatory schools as well as public and private ones. In these schools, a total of 140 teachers participated in the study. They answered a questionnaire on vocal and throat symptoms and their effects on working and social activities, as well as levels and effects of experienced noise. Of all teachers, 47.9% reported moderate or severe dysphonia within the last 6 months, and 21.4% reported daily dysphonia. All teachers reported frequent feelings of being in noise, with 82.2% feeling it sometimes or always during the working day, resulting in a need to raise their voice. Teachers in public schools experienced more noise from nearby classes. The working conditions and vocal health of teachers in Upper Egypt, especially in public schools, are alarming. Copyright © 2017 The Voice Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. Actitudes lingüísticas en Santiago de Chile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Darío Rojas

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Resumen Este artículo analiza las actitudes lingüísticas de hablantes nativos de español de la ciudad de Santiago, hacia al español de Chile y hacia el español de los otros países hispanohablantes: El artículo es parte de los resultados del Proyecto LIAS (Linguistic Identity and attitudes in Spanish-speaking Latin America, financiado por El Consejo Noruego de Investigación (RCN. La recolección de los datos se realizó en la capital del país, entrevistando una muestra de 400 informantes estratificada con las variables de edad, sexo y nivel socioeconómico. Entre nuestros hallazgos, destacan los siguientes: 1 los santiaguinos muestran seguridad lingüística en comparación con variedades regionales del español de Chile, pero una gran inseguridad cuando se comparan con el habla de otros países; 2 sus actitudes se ven influenciadas tanto por características lingüísticas (modelo ideal de lengua, conservador y de raigambre colonial como por características extralingüísticas (estatus social; 3 el concepto de mayor peso dentro de la ideología lingüística de los santiaguinos es la corrección idiomática, que se articula con otros dos conceptos clave: el de unidad lingüística y el de entendimiento (o comprensión lingüística. Abstract This article analyzes the linguistic attitudes of Spanish speakers from Santiago, towards Spanish spoken in Chile and in the other Spanish-speaking countries. It is a result of the LIAS-Project (Linguistic Identity and attitudes in Spanish-speaking Latin America, funded by The Research Council of Norway (RCN. The data were gathered in the capital of the country, interviewing a stratified sample of 400 persons based on the variables of age, sex and socioeconomic status. Our main findings are the following: 1 Santiaguinos show linguistic confidence when they compare their speech to regional varieties of Chilean Spanish, but they show great insecurity when they compare their speech to those of other

  4. Influence of Noise Resulting From the Location and Conditions of Classrooms and Schools in Upper Egypt on Teachers' Voices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phadke, Ketaki Vasant; Abo-Hasseba, Ahmed; Švec, Jan G; Geneid, Ahmed

    2018-05-03

    Teachers are professional voice users, always at high risk of developing voice disorders due to high vocal demand and unfavorable environmental conditions. This study aimed at identifying possible correlations between teachers' voice symptoms and their perception of noise, the location of schools, as well as the location and conditions of their classrooms. One hundred forty teachers (ages 21-56) from schools in Upper Egypt participated in this study. They filled out a questionnaire including questions about the severity and frequency of their voice symptoms, noise perception, and the location and conditions of their schools and classrooms. Questionnaire responses were statistically analyzed to identify possible correlations. There were significant correlations (P Egyptian schools. This study may help future studies that focus on developing guidelines for the better planning of Egyptian schools in terms of improved infrastructure and architecture, thus considering the general and vocal health of teachers. Copyright © 2018 The Voice Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  5. Swedish Upper Secondary School Students’ Conceptions of Negative Environmental Impact and Pricing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cecilia Lundholm

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This study explores relationships between upper secondary school students’ understanding of prices and environmental impacts. The study uses responses from 110 students to problems in which they were asked to explain differences in prices and also to express and justify opinions on what should be the difference in prices. Very few students expressed an environmental dimension in their understanding of price. A few students suggested that environmental impact influenced price by raising demand for “Environmentally friendly products”. A few students suggested that ‘environmentally friendly products’ had higher prices because they were more costly to produce. We found no examples of students combining both lines of explanation. However, nearly half of the students believed that prices should reflect environmental effects, and this reasoning was divided between cases where the point was justified by a broad environmental motivation and cases where the point was justified in relation to incentives–to get consumers to act in a more environmentally friendly way.

  6. Igualtat lingüística, una eina de la política lingüística de la Universitat de València

    OpenAIRE

    Esteve, Alfons; Ramos, Rafael

    2015-01-01

    El 2011, les universitats públiques valencianes, conjuntament amb l’Acadèmia Valenciana de la Llengua, van publicar Els usos lingüístics a les universitats públiques valencianes, estudi que va motivar un nou impuls a la planificació lingüística en l’àmbit universitari. 

  7. Smartphone physics – a smart approach to practical work in science education? : Experiences from a Swedish upper secondary school

    OpenAIRE

    Svensson, Tomas

    2018-01-01

    In the form of teacher didactical design research, this work addresses a didactical issue encountered during physics teaching in a Swedish upper secondary school. A need for renewed practical laboratory work related to Newtonian mechanics is met by proposing and designing an activity based on high- speed photography using the nowadays omnipresent smartphone, thus bringing new technology into the classroom. The activity – video analysis of the collision physics of football kicks – is designed ...

  8. Completion in Vocational and Academic Upper Secondary School: The Importance of School Motivation, Self-Efficacy, and Individual Characteristics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daehlen, Marianne

    2017-01-01

    A vast amount of research is devoted to identifying factors that predict early school leaving. However, there is no simple explanation because the results show that young people leave education prematurely for various reasons, such as their level of school involvement, their background characteristics and different school systems. This article…

  9. The Prevalence of anemia among informal primary school children: a community based study in Rural Upper Egypt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rasha Aziz Salama

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract:Background: Anemia has been recognized as a major public health problem in developing countries. The magnitude of anemia among school children has received less attention compared with that in preschoolers and pregnant women. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of anemia and to assess its associated factors among informal school children in rural Upper Egypt.Methods: A cross sectional descriptive study was conducted in a randomly selected Girls Education initiative schools in three Egyptian governorates for duration of 11 months. A structured questionnaire was used to collect sociodemographic data from 2826 children aged 6-19 years. Hemoglobin concentration and anthropometric indicators were assessed using the World Health Organization guidelines. Stool samples were examined for parasitic infestations, using the Kato Katz technique. The objective of the study was adequately explained to participants’ guardian and their consensus was obtained with assured confidentiality.Results: the prevalence of anemia among these children was 59.3%, out of which, 82.5% had mild anemia and 17.4% of them had moderate anemia. It was significantly higher among 64% of children in age group 6-9years and 61.3% of females. The majority of underweight children (75.8% and 66.4% of children with parasitic infestation were anemic.Conclusions: Anemia remains a common problem among GEI School particularly the young children and girls of low income household. School children should be screened periodically and appropriate measures should be taken in order to promote health and guide effective education sector reform initiatives. Keywords: Anemia, GEI schools, Rural Upper Egypt  

  10. Students’ health engagement and affective relations in Danish upper secondary school

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vitus, Kathrine

    2018-01-01

    within sensuous, social and political body-health assemblages, the students attempted to curb school stress, sustain social belonging in an individualistic school environment and both reproduce affirming power discourses and subvert their territorialisation. The study proposes an analytical shift...

  11. Marcas lingüísticas do narrador

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ismael Angelo Cintra

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available

    Faz-se uma análise do narrador a partir dos aspectos linguisticos. Tal análise c centrada, não na categoria verbal da pessoa — um elemento geralmente associado á questão do foco narrativo —, mas antes cm outros elementos verbais que colocam em jogo as relações entre o sujeito e o discurso. São também discutidos alguns problemas terminológicos relacionados com a abordagem lingüística para o estudo do loco narrativo.

  12. The Implications of School Marketisation for Students Enrolled on Introductory Programmes in Swedish Upper Secondary Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dovemark, Marianne; Arreman, Inger Erixon

    2017-01-01

    Sweden has, like most countries, transformed its educational system with the aim of increasing the economic productivity of its citizens. Nowadays, it has one of the world's most market-oriented school systems, including few hindrances for new free-school actors. Swedish students have thus become commodities in a competitive school market. The aim…

  13. Un vistazo a los pilares de la Lingüística Moderna: Saussure, Chomsky Y Van Dijk. Del Estructuralismo a la Lingüística textual

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JOSELYN CORREDOR TAPIAS

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo pretende dar un vistazo a los postulados básicos del estructuralismo, del generativismo y de la lingüística del texto - con sus principales figuras: Ferdinand de Saussure, Noam Avram Chomsky y Teun Adrian Van Dijk, puesto que estas corrientes se consideran como los grandes paradigmas de la lingüística moderna.

  14. Introducció: Lingüística forense

    OpenAIRE

    Fernández Planas, Ana M.

    2011-01-01

    En l’opinió comuna, no experta, l’estudi de les llengües naturals humanes és bonic i gratificant per a l’esperit, però només capacita —a qui s’hi ha dedicat— per a l’activitat docent. A més a més, es pensa que l’estudi de la lingüística es limita al que coneixem com a lingüística interna (o microlingüística), és a dir, l’estudi dels nivells fonètic, fonològic, morfològic, sintàctic, semàntic i pragmàtic de les llengües, anant de les unitats més petites a les més grosses. El cert és que actual...

  15. Las proyecciones de la lingüística

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tobón de Castro Lucia

    1989-07-01

    Full Text Available

    A menudo se nos pregunta qué es la ciencia, qué fenómenos deben tener lugar o que condiciones deben cumplirse para que una determinada disciplina logre la dimensión de ciencia.  Tratare de responder a estos interrogantes, dentro del campo particular de la ciencia del lenguaje. Cuando quiera que alguien se aproxime al proceso de desarrollo de la lingüística, lo encara como un hecho histórico, como el inventario de los aportes de figuras descollantes ligadas por la sucesión en el tiempo. En

    este ensayo quiero proponer como tesis que la lingüística, como toda ciencia, es una construcción de la mente humana, una creación de la humanidad y es en esa dimensión como debemos estudiar su proceso evolutivo. Por esto he seleccionado como tema las proyecciones de la lingüística dando al término proyección dos sentidos: el primero; representa los hitos que han hecho de la lingüística un proceso científico y, el segundo, las etapas que aún debe cumplir para ser a cabalidad la ciencia

    del lenguaje.  Consecuente con el

  16. Interest, Attitudes and Self-Efficacy Beliefs Explaining Upper-Secondary School Students' Orientation Towards Biology-Related Careers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uitto, Anna

    2014-01-01

    The aim of the study was to discover the contribution of students' interest in school biology, as well as their self-efficacy and attitudes towards different science subjects and mathematics when explaining students' orientation towards biology-related careers at upper-secondary school. The data of 321 K-11 students (49% women) were…

  17. Digital Competence at the Beginning of Upper Secondary School: Identifying Factors Explaining Digital Inclusion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hatlevik, Ove Edvard; Christophersen, Knut-Andreas

    2013-01-01

    During the last decade, information and communication technology has been given an increasingly large importance in our society. There seems to be a consensus regarding the necessity of supporting and developing school-based digital competence. In order to sustain digital inclusion, schools need to identify digital deficiencies and digital…

  18. Difference in Functional Performance on the Upper-Quarter Y-Balance Test Between High School Baseball Players and Wrestlers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Myers, Heather; Poletti, Mary; Butler, Robert J

    2017-05-01

    The Upper Quarter Y-Balance Test (YBT-UQ) is a unique movement test where individuals perform at the limits of their stability, requiring the coordination of balance, proprioception, range of motion, and stabilization. It is not yet clear if performance on the YBT-UQ differs between sports with dissimilar emphasis on upper-extremity performance. To compare performance on the YBT-UQ between wrestlers, whose sport requires some degree of closed-chain activity, and baseball players, whose sport is primarily open kinetic chain in nature. Cross-sectional. High school preparticipation physical assessment. 24 healthy high school male wrestlers (mean age 16.12 ± 1.24 y) and 24 healthy high school male baseball players (mean age 15.79 ± 1.25 y). All subjects performed the YBT-UQ, which requires reaching in 3 directions while maintaining a push-up position. The variables of interest include the maximum reach in each direction, as well as the composite score. In addition, asymmetries between limbs for each reach direction were compared. Wrestlers performed significantly better than baseball players in the medial direction, inferolateral direction, and in composite scores. In the medial direction, wrestlers exhibited greater scores (P < .01) on both left and right limbs, 10.5 ± 10.2%LL and 9.95 ± 10.2%LL, respectively. Significant differences (P < .01) were also observed in the inferolateral direction, with a difference of 11.3 ± 12.0%LL on the left and 8.7 ± 11.0%LL on the right. Composite scores were higher (P < .01) for the wrestlers, with a difference of 7.0% on the left and 7.1% on the right. This study suggests that wrestlers perform better on the YBT-UQ than baseball players. The findings may suggest sport-specific normative data for the YBT-UQ in high school athletes.

  19. Associations between Perceived Teaching Behaviours and Affect in Upper Elementary School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barnard, Allison D.; Adelson, Jill L.; Pössel, Patrick

    2017-01-01

    We explored the associations between student-perceived teaching behaviours and negative affect (NA) and positive affect (PA) in upper elementary age students, both before and after controlling for perceived parenting behaviours. The Teaching Behaviour Questionnaire, the Alabama Parenting Questionnaire, and the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule…

  20. A framework for teaching scientific inquiry in upper secondary school chemistry

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Rens, L.; Pilot, A.; van der Schee, J.A.

    2010-01-01

    A framework for teaching scientific inquiry in upper secondary chemistry education was constructed in a design research consisting of two research cycles. First, in a pilot study a hypothetical framework was enriched in collaboration with five chemistry teachers. Second, a main study in this

  1. Redox Models in Chemistry Textbooks for the Upper Secondary School: Friend or Foe?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osterlund, Lise-Lotte; Berg, Anders; Ekborg, Margareta

    2010-01-01

    We have investigated how chemistry textbooks use models of redox reactions in different subject areas, how they change models between and within the topics, and how they deal with specific learning difficulties identified in the literature. The textbooks examined were published for use in the natural science programme in Swedish upper secondary…

  2. Actitudes lingüísticas en Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julio Bernal

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Resumen Este artículo analiza las actitudes lingüísticas de hablantes nativos de español de Bogotá, hacia al español de Colombia y el de los otros países hispanohablantes. El artículo es parte de los resultados del Proyecto LIAS (Linguistic Identity and Attitudes in Spanish-speaking Latin America, financiado por El Consejo Noruego de Investigaciones (NRC. La recolección de los datos se realizó en la capital del país, entrevistando a una muestra de 400 personas, estratificada con las variables de edad, sexo y nivel socioeconómico. Los resultados muestran que el habla de la capital cuenta con alto prestigio entre los bogotanos, en comparación con menor estima por las hablas de la costa del Caribe y la región nariñense, al sur del país; asimismo sienten una alta autoestima lingüística, ya que consideran el habla colombiana como parte esencial de la identidad nacional y poseedora de una corrección lingüística que supera la del español hablado en España, México y la Argentina. Abstract This article analyzes the linguistic attitudes of native Spanish speakers from Bogotá, towards Spanish spoken in Colombia and in the other Spanish-speaking countries. It is a result of the LIAS-Project (Linguistic Identity and Attitudes in Spanish-speaking Latin America, funded by The Norwegian Research Council (NRC. The data were gathered in the capital of the country, interviewing a stratified sample of 400 persons, based on the variables of age, sex and socioeconomic status. The results of the project show that Spanish spoken in the capital has higher prestige than Spanish spoken on the Caribbean coast and in Nariño, the southern region of the country; the respondents show high linguistic self-esteem for Colombian Spanish, which they consider an essential part of their national identity, the linguistic correctness of which goes beyond that of Spanish spoken in Spain, Mexico and Argentina.

  3. The Practice of Learner-Centered Method in Upper Primary Schools ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    user

    Department of Pedagogy, Faculty of Education, Jimma University , Jimma Ethiopia. E-mail: .... teacher used one of the 33 Learner-centered methods or not. .... Sex. No. of teachers in selected schools. Teaching Experience. Male. Female.

  4. Feasibility of school-based computer-assisted robotic gaming technology for upper limb rehabilitation of children with cerebral palsy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Preston, Nick; Weightman, Andrew; Gallagher, Justin; Holt, Raymond; Clarke, Michael; Mon-Williams, Mark; Levesley, Martin; Bhakta, Bipinchandra

    2016-01-01

    We investigated the feasibility of using computer-assisted arm rehabilitation (CAAR) computer games in schools. Outcomes were children's preference for single player or dual player mode, and changes in arm activity and kinematics. Nine boys and two girls with cerebral palsy (6-12 years, mean 9 years) played assistive technology computer games in single-user mode or with school friends in an AB-BA design. Preference was determined by recording the time spent playing each mode and by qualitative feedback. We used the ABILHAND-kids and Canadian Occupational Performance Measure to evaluate activity limitation, and a portable laptop-based device to capture arm kinematics. No difference was recorded between single-user and dual-user modes (median daily use 9.27 versus 11.2 min, p = 0.214). Children reported dual-user mode was preferable. There were no changes in activity limitation (ABILHAND-kids, p = 0.424; COPM, p = 0.484) but we found significant improvements in hand speed (p = 0.028), smoothness (p = 0.005) and accuracy (p = 0.007). School timetables prohibit extensive use of rehabilitation technology but there is potential for its short-term use to supplement a rehabilitation program. The restricted access to the rehabilitation games was sufficient to improve arm kinematics but not arm activity. Implications for Rehabilitation School premises and teaching staff present no obstacles to the installation of rehabilitation gaming technology. Twelve minutes per day is the average amount of time that the school time table permits children to use rehabilitation gaming equipment (without disruption to academic attendance). The use of rehabilitation gaming technology for an average of 12 minutes daily does not appear to benefit children's functional performance, but there are improvements in the kinematics of children's upper limb.

  5. Student-teacher relationship quality and academic adjustment in upper elementary school: the role of student personality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zee, Marjolein; Koomen, Helma M Y; Van der Veen, Ineke

    2013-08-01

    This study tested a theoretical model considering students' personality traits as predictors of student-teacher relationship quality (closeness, conflict, and dependency), the effects of student-teacher relationship quality on students' math and reading achievement, and the mediating role of students' motivational beliefs on the association between student-teacher relationship quality and achievement in upper elementary school. Surveys and tests were conducted among a nationally representative Dutch sample of 8545 sixth-grade students and their teachers in 395 schools. Structural equation models were used to test direct and indirect effects. Support was found for a model that identified conscientiousness and agreeableness as predictors of close, nonconflictual relationships, and neuroticism as a predictor of dependent and conflictual relationships. Extraversion was associated with higher levels of closeness and conflict, and autonomy was only associated with lower levels of dependency. Students' motivational beliefs mediated the effects of dependency and student-reported closeness on reading and math achievement. Copyright © 2013 Society for the Study of School Psychology. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  6. The association between postural alignment and psychosocial factors to upper quadrant pain in high school students: a prospective study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brink, Yolandi; Crous, Lynette Christine; Louw, Quinette Abigail; Grimmer-Somers, Karen; Schreve, Kristiaan

    2009-12-01

    Prolonged sitting and psychosocial factors have been associated with musculoskeletal symptoms among adolescents. However, the impact of prolonged static sitting on musculoskeletal pain among South African high school students is uncertain. A prospective observational study was performed to determine whether sitting postural alignment and psychosocial factors contribute to the development of upper quadrant musculoskeletal pain (UQMP) in grade ten high school students working on desktop computers. The sitting postural alignment, depression, anxiety and computer use of 104 asymptomatic students were measured at baseline. At three and six months post baseline, the prevalence of UQMP was determined. Twenty-seven students developed UQMP due to seated or computer-related activities. An extreme cervical angle (43.95 degrees; OR 2.8; 95% CI: 1.1-7.3) and a combination of extreme cervical and thoracic angles (71.1 degrees; OR 2.2; 95% CI: 1.1-5.6) were significant postural risk factors for the development of UQMP. Boys with any extreme angle were more likely to suffer pain compared with boys with all middle range angles (OR 4.9; 95% CI: 1.0-24.5). No similar effect was found for girls. There was no strong relationship between depression, anxiety, computer exposure and UQMP among South African high school students.

  7. Motivation for Reading and Upper Primary School Students' Academic Achievement in Reading in Kenya

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mucherah, Winnie; Herendeen, Abbey

    2013-01-01

    This study examined primary school students' reading motivation and performance on the standardized exam. Participants included 901 seventh and eighth grade students from Kenya. There were 468 females and 433 males. Contrary to previous studies, results showed reading challenge and aesthetics, but not efficacy, predicted reading achievement,…

  8. The Relationship between Language Skills and Writing Outcomes for Linguistically Diverse Students in Upper Elementary School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silverman, Rebecca D.; Coker, David; Proctor, C. Patrick; Harring, Jeffrey; Piantedosi, Kelly W.; Hartranft, Anna M.

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore relationships between language variables and writing outcomes with linguistically diverse students in grades 3-5. The participants were 197 children from three schools in one district in the mid-Atlantic United States. We assessed students' vocabulary knowledge and morphological and syntactical skill as…

  9. Propuesta para una lingüística del hipertexto o ciberlingüística

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Rodríguez John Alexander

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available

    Gracias a que en la actualidad la idea del lenguaje tal y como era pensado en los comienzos de la lingüística ha evolucionado extraordinariamente para extenderse a otro tipo de manifestaciones menos convencionales, el hipertexto tiene cabida como objeto de la reflexión y de la práctica lingüísticas. El trabajo con hipertextos nos acerca al reto de dotar de una forma adecuada a los contenidos hipertextuales. La navegación, interactividad, escritura, lectura, generación, integración, representación y diseño hipertextual constituyen problemas técnicos abiertos a las prácticas lingüísticas. Todo esto nos hace ver la necesidad de una disciplina que se encargue del estudio y el desarrollo del hipertexto en cuanto unidad lingüística.

  10. Storyboarding an Animated Film: A Case Study of Multimodal Learning Processes in a Danish Upper Secondary School

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lisbeth Frølunde

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper applies notions of transformation to the analysis of data on semiotic processes related to making an animated film. The data derives from a study conducted in an upper secondary school in Copenhagen with students (18 years old participating in a week-long workshop. The paper applies the concept of transduction with a focus on film storyboards: how students transform ideas when working with different modes (audio, visual of representation. Data includes discourse analysis of semiotic processes and texts, referring to Social Semiotics and the methodology of Mediated Discourse Analysis. Conclusions highlight transformation as relevant for learning to reflect on media and the implications for teaching, given the increasing influence of visual modes of communication.

  11. School and extended family in the transmission and revitalisation of Gallo in upper-Brittany

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nolan, John Shaun

    2008-01-01

    This paper examines the transmission patterns of Eastern Brittany's Romance language variety, Gallo, based on quantitative data showing learning patterns of school pupils of the language and their parents in 2003 and 2004. Results confirm the sharp decline in Gallo transmission between generations...... learning patterns of Gallo also demonstrate how they may be representative of a rupture with a greater and more stable use of Gallo in the past. Data also indicate that of those parents who do play a transmission role, there are fewer females than in previous generations. The school system has become...... a vital player in Gallo's revitalisation and it is, to some degree, brought out of its rural familial environment. However, Gallo is but an optional subject and in the context of issues raised by RLS theory, the decreasing trigenerational transmission pattern means that current revitalisation activity...

  12. General relativity in upper secondary school: Design and evaluation of an online learning environment using the model of educational reconstruction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kersting, Magdalena; Henriksen, Ellen Karoline; Bøe, Maria Vetleseter; Angell, Carl

    2018-06-01

    Because of its abstract nature, Albert Einstein's theory of general relativity is rarely present in school physics curricula. Although the educational community has started to investigate ways of bringing general relativity to classrooms, field-tested educational material is rare. Employing the model of educational reconstruction, we present a collaborative online learning environment that was introduced to final year students (18-19 years old) in six Norwegian upper secondary physics classrooms. Design-based research methods guided the development of the learning resources, which were based on a sociocultural view of learning and a historical-philosophical approach to teaching general relativity. To characterize students' learning from and interaction with the learning environment we analyzed focus group interviews and students' oral and written responses to assigned problems and discussion tasks. Our findings show how design choices on different levels can support or hinder understanding of general relativity, leading to the formulation of design principles that help to foster qualitative understanding and encourage collaborative learning. The results indicate that upper secondary students can obtain a qualitative understanding of general relativity when provided with appropriately designed learning resources and sufficient scaffolding of learning through interaction with teacher and peers.

  13. Coteaching with senior students – a way to refine teachers' PCK for teaching chemical bonding in upper secondary school

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schultze, Felix; Nilsson, Pernilla

    2018-04-01

    During the last decade there has been on-going discussions about students' declining interest and low achievement in science. One of the reasons suggested for this decline is that teachers and students have different frames of reference, whereby teachers sometimes communicate science in the classroom in a way that is not accessible to the students. There is a lack of research investigating the effects of coteaching with senior students in science in upper secondary schools. To improve teaching and to narrow the gap between teachers' and students' different frames of references, this study investigates how an experienced chemistry teacher gains and refines her pedagogical content knowledge (PCK) by cooperating with two grade 12 students (age 18) as coteachers. The teacher and the two coteachers coplanned, cotaught and coevaluated lessons in chemical bonding in a grade 10 upper secondary class. Findings indicate that the coteachers contributed with their own learning experiences to help the teacher understand how students perceive difficult concepts. In such way, the coteachers were mediating between the teacher and the students, thus bridging the gap between the teacher and the students' frames of references. The teachers' PCK was refined which in turn lead to improved teaching strategies.

  14. Prevalence of Human Papillomavirus (HPV in upper respiratory tract mucosa in a group of pre-school children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaroslaw Szydłowski

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available [b]introduction[/b]. Human Papillomavirus (HPV is a group of DNA viruses which is an etiological factor of many benign and malignant diseases of the upper respiratory tract mucosa, female genital tract and the skin. HPV infection is considered a sexually-transmitted infection, but can also be transmitted by non-sexual routes, including perinatal vertical transmission, physical contact, iatrogenic infection and autoinoculation. Recurrent Respiratory Papillomatosis (RRP in children is connected with HPV infection transmitted vertically from mother to child during the passage of the foetus through an infected birth canal. [b]objective. [/b]The aim of this study was to establish the level of Human Papillomaviruses carrier state in upper respiratory tract mucosa in healthy pre-school children, and to identify potential risk factors for HPV infection. [b]materials and method[/b]. After obtaining consent from their parents, 97 pre-school children were examined – 51 girls and 46 boys between the ages of 3 – 5 years; average age – 4 years and 5 months. 68 children were urban dwellers and 29 came from a rural environment. A questionnaire with detailed history was taken including parents’ and child`s personal data, as well as perinatal risk factors in pregnancy. Socio-demographic information was also obtained, including the standard of living, and chosen environmental factors. Routine ENT examination was performed. Exfoliated oral squamous cells were collected from swabs and analysed for the presence of DNA papillomaviruses by polymerase chain reaction. [b]results.[/b] The presence of HPV in the respiratory tract in children was detected in 19.6% cases. ‘High oncogenic potential’ HPVs, such as HPV-16 and HPV-18, were not observed in squamous cell mucosa of the respiratory tract in the children. No significant differences were observed between the HPV carrier state in urban and rural inhabitants.

  15. Knowledge Organization and its Representation in Teaching Physics : Magnetostatics in University and Upper Secondary School Levels

    OpenAIRE

    Majidi, Sharareh

    2013-01-01

    Physics has been always one of the most challenging subjects to learn for university and school students. It is also considered a demanding topic for teachers who aim to teach it efficiently. Therefore, one of the most important notions in physics is to find suitable ways to maximize productive learning and teaching outcomes. One of the most important factors that influence physics learning and teaching is the organization of physics knowledge and the ability to arrange its concepts properly....

  16. Fermented Chinese formula Shuan-Tong-Ling attenuates ischemic stroke by inhibiting inflammation and apoptosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhi-gang Mei

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The fermented Chinese formula Shuan-Tong-Ling is composed of radix puerariae (Gegen, salvia miltiorrhiza (Danshen, radix curcuma (Jianghuang, hawthorn (Shanzha, salvia chinensis (Shijianchuan, sinapis alba (Baijiezi, astragalus (Huangqi, panax japonicas (Zhujieshen, atractylodes macrocephala koidz (Baizhu, radix paeoniae alba (Baishao, bupleurum (Chaihu, chrysanthemum (Juhua, rhizoma cyperi (Xiangfu and gastrodin (Tianma, whose aqueous extract was fermented with lactobacillus, bacillus aceticus and saccharomycetes. Shuan-Tong-Ling is a formula used to treat brain diseases including ischemic stroke, migraine, and vascular dementia. Shuan-Tong-Ling attenuated H2O2-induced oxidative stress in rat microvascular endothelial cells. However, the potential mechanism involved in these effects is poorly understood. Rats were intragastrically treated with 5.7 or 17.2 mL/kg Shuan-Tong-Ling for 7 days before middle cerebral artery occlusion was induced. The results indicated Shuan-Tong-Ling had a cerebral protective effect by reducing infarct volume and increasing neurological scores. Shuan-Tong-Ling also decreased tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-1β levels in the hippocampus on the ischemic side. In addition, Shuan-Tong-Ling upregulated the expression of SIRT1 and Bcl-2 and downregulated the expression of acetylated-protein 53 and Bax. Injection of 5 mg/kg silent information regulator 1 (SIRT1 inhibitor EX527 into the subarachnoid space once every 2 days, four times, reversed the above changes. These results demonstrate that Shuan-Tong-Ling might benefit cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury by reducing inflammation and apoptosis through activation of the SIRT1 signaling pathway.

  17. Tesis sobre la lingüística del hablar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evgenia Vucheva

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 21 false false false ES X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Tabla normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} El artículo presenta un programa para la descripción del lenguaje en sus principales dimensiones ontológicas: la designación, el significado y el sentido. Se exponen de forma concisa los tres planos semánticos del hablar (universal, histórico e individual, así como las unidades y categorías que les corresponden. Asimismo se establecen las respectivas delimitaciones teóricas y metodológicas para su estudio sistemático. Nuestro objetivo principal es trazar las pautas hacia la descripción del hablar como actividad humana compleja, como el producto de la interacción de fenómenos cognitivos, lingüísticos y psicosociales. En este sentido, el trabajo es un intento de buscar el programa integral, elaborado sobre una base lingüística, para trazar las posibles vías hacia una concepción coherente del hablar como fenómeno humano singular, de naturaleza pluridimensional, pero al mismo tiempo unitaria. 

  18. Significado musical y significado lingüistico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernández Rodríguez-Escalona, Guillermo

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The present paper deals with the problem of meaning in the field of Music from the perspective of the Theory of Language. In the author’s view, there has been an excessive use of the term “meaning” within the area of Musical Semantics, which may lead not only to a terminological lack of precision but also to a confusion of concepts which are more precise in Linguistics than in Musical Theory. Starting from the analysis of the different trends on the presence of meaning in music, as well as its similarities with the linguistic meaning, the author states that both music and language are abilities for the human being to express himself. Nonetheless, language, through its representative meaning, is able to code the experience a person may have of the world. Even though the semantic representation has nothing to do with the musical expression, the latter shares with language a modal meaning connected with the experience the subject has of himself.

    En este trabajo se aborda el problema del significado de la Música desde la perspectiva de la Teoría del lenguaje. En los estudios de semántica musical se hace un uso abusivo del término significado, lo cual lleva no solamente a imprecisiones terminológicas, sino también a confundir conceptos más matizados en la Lingüistica que en la Teoría musical. Partiendo del examen de distintas posiciones sobre la presencia del significado en la música y sus homologías con el significado lingüistico, se llega a la propuesta de que música y lenguaje forman parte de la capacidad expresiva del hombre, pero se diferencian en que el lenguaje, por medio del significado representativo, codifica la experiencia que el sujeto tiene del mundo. Y aunque la representación semántica es un procedimiento ajeno a la expresión musical, esta comparte con el lenguaje un contenido modal relacionado con la experiencia que el sujeto tiene de sí mismo.

  19. Las lenguas inmigrantes en el IES Eclipse: un análisis desde la política lingüística de la Comunidad de Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabel Solís Casco

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available La política lingüística educativa europea se caracteriza por el progresivo fomento del multilingüismo entre sus ciudadanos y el reconocimiento de la riqueza cultural de las lenguas asentadas en Europa. Sin embargo, no todas las lenguas han obtenido el mismo grado de promoción ni de reconocimiento en los sistemas educativos europeos. En el caso de las lenguas inmigrantes su estatus y grado de visibilidad apenas ha variado desde que en los setenta se publicaron las primeras normas para su regulación. A través de un estudio de caso, que forma parte de una investigación más amplia sobre la política lingüística educativa llevada a cabo en la Comunidad de Madrid, se estudia la visibilidad de las lenguas inmigrantes en un centro educativo de Secundaria y la ideología lingüística respecto a estas lenguas. Siguiendo el método etnográfico, a partir del estudio de documentos oficiales del centro y del paisaje lingüístico del instituto, se llega a la conclusión de que en el contexto educativo prevalece una ideología lingüística de invisibilización de las lenguas inmigrantes, a pesar de la normativa y de los estudios que han demostrado los beneficios de valorar las lenguas inmigrantes en la escuela. European educational language policy has moved from monolingualism to the promotion of multilingualism among Europeans and to the acknowledgement of the cultural richness of the languages found in Europe. Nevertheless, not all the languages have achieved the same degree of support or acknowledgement in European educational systems. For example, neither the status of languages spoken by immigrants nor their and their presence in classrooms has increased since the first laws governing their use in educational establishments were passed in the late seventies. In this article, through a case study forming part of a larger study regarding educational language-policy undertaken in the Madrid region, the presence of immigrant mother-tongues at a

  20. Non-completion of upper secondary school among female and male young adults in an Arctic sociocultural context; the NAAHS study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elisabeth Valmyr Bania

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Education is closely associated with health. Non-completion of upper secondary school influences academic achievement, employment, income and personal well-being. The purpose of the study is to explore predictors of non-completion of upper secondary school among female and male young adults in relation to mental health and educational factors in a socio-cultural, Arctic context. Methods The Norwegian Arctic Adolescent Health Study (NAAHS is a cross-sectional, school-based survey that was conducted in 2003–2005. Eighty-three percent of the population of 5,877 10th graders participated; 49.1%females, 450 reported indigenous Sami ethnicity, and 304 reported Laestadian affiliation. Data from NAAHS were merged with registry data from the National Education Database (NUDB Norway for 3,987 adolescents who gave their consent for follow-up studies. Results Non-completion of upper secondary school was 36.9 % among females and 36.6 % among males. Among females, predictors for non-completion were related to mental health symptoms, and among males, to residency in the northernmost and remote areas and self-reported functional difficulties at school, home and in leisure activities due to mental health problems. There was marginal significance between ethnicity and non-completion of upper secondary school, measured at 41.3 % for Sami and 36.8 % for non-Sami, respectively. Conclusions The gender differences found in this study emphasize the need for gender-specific interventions in preventing non-completion of upper secondary school. There is a need to recognize and treat extensive pro-social behaviour and social problems in young females. Young males from remote areas and those who in early adolescence struggle with functional impairment due to mental health problems need early interventions in lower secondary school. Enhancing parents’ and teachers’ ability to detect symptoms and problems as well as low-threshold health services

  1. A Voyage of Mathematical and Cultural Awareness for Students of Upper Secondary School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Panagiotou, Evangelos N.

    2014-01-01

    Many papers have emphasized the need for and importance of particular examples and the underlying rationale for introducing a historical dimension in mathematics education. This article presents the development and implementation of a project, based on original sources, in a situation where the existing curriculum does not include history. The subject was conic sections and the motivating problems and original work which eventually found resolution in modern concepts. The project was carried out during the school year 2006-2007 with 18 students of a Greek experimental high school 2nd class (11th degree). It was devised as a series of worksheets, separate readings and oral presentations and written essays so that students might appreciate that mathematics evolves under the influence of factors intrinsic and extrinsic to it. Both epistemological and disciplinary issues are taken into account. Even though this work is just one case study, we have found that exposing students directly to primary sources in mathematics contributes greatly to motivation and understanding, and illustrates the nature of mathematics as a discipline and as a human endeavour.

  2. The prevalence of psychoactive substances use among secondary school students from selected cities of Upper Silesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maja Muszyńska-Graca

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: The prevalence of psychoactive substances among teenagers in Poland has grown for several years. Statistics maintain at a lower level than in the western Europe, however it is necessary to conduct its permanent monitoring. The work presents results of the questionnaire study carried out in IOMEH in years 2010–11. Objective: The aim of this paper is to present the scale of psychoactive substances prevalence among teenagers from Silesian cities. Materials and methods: The programme was carried out by use of modified questionnaire of the ESPAD study. Questions related to characteristics of the examined person, dissemination, accessibility, awareness of risk and problems associated with the use of psychoactive substances. 928 teenagers: students of IIIrd grade of secondary schools and Ist and IInd grades of high schools from Sosnowiec and Chorzów (62% boys and 38% girls participated in the study. Results: 86,9% girls and 89,8% boys confirmed contact with the alcohol at least once in the lifetime and it is the most widespread psychoactive substance in the study group. Out of the other substances, cannabis use was confirmed by 40,7% of students (34,7% girls and 44,3% boys, designer drugs use - by of 21,8% pupils (17,5% girls and 24,5% boys. The distribution within the limits of 10% has been observed in the case of soothing/sleeping pills (also together with alcohol, and amphetamine. The prevalence of contact with other substances was at the level *10%. Boys more often than girls used the respective psychoactive substances (statistically significant differences. Conclusions: Results of the study confirm observation concerning the entire country that drinking alcohol by the young adolescents is becoming the statistical norm. The frequency of other psychoactive substances use demonstrates also concerning levels. There is a need of systematic education among teenagers at school, with particular emphasis on issues related to addiction and

  3. What Do Upper Secondary School Teachers Want to Know from Research on the Use of ICT and How Does This Inform a Research Design?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olofsson, Anders D.; Lindberg, J. Ola; Fransson, Göran

    2017-01-01

    This study investigates what teachers taking part in a longitudinal research project on the use of ICT for teaching and learning in three upper secondary schools in Sweden want to learn more about. At the beginning of the project eighty-four teachers were invited to respond to a questionnaire relating to what teachers wanted to learn more about…

  4. Education for Sustainable Development and Multidimensional Implementation. A Study of Implementations of Sustainable Development in Education with the Curriculum of Upper Secondary School in Sweden as an Example

    Science.gov (United States)

    Svalfors, Ulrika

    2017-01-01

    This article discusses different interpretations of sustainable development in education and if different interpretations of the concept are implemented in Curriculum, with the Swedish Curriculum of Upper Secondary School as an example. According to Agenda 21 sustainable development should be implemented in a multidimensional way. In 2011, a new…

  5. Teachers' Conceptualization and Actual Practice in the Student Evaluation Process at the Upper Secondary School Level in Japan, Focusing on Problem Solving Skills.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wai, Nu Nu; Hirakawa, Yukiko

    2001-01-01

    Studied the participation and performance of upper secondary school teachers in Japan through surveys completed by 360 Geography teachers. Findings suggest that the importance of developing problem-solving skills is widely recognized among these teachers. Implementing training in such skills is much more difficult. Developing effective teaching…

  6. Acceptance as a Normative Aspect of the Process of Coming to Understand Emotionally Charged Concepts: Upper-Secondary School Students Make Meaning of Gender

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trostek, Jonas R.

    2016-01-01

    Previous research on how students' acceptance of emotionally charged theories relates to their understanding is based on the measurement of acceptance and understanding as two separate variables. As an alternative, the present study takes a qualitative approach with the aim of exploring what 24 upper-secondary school students accept when they come…

  7. How can upper secondary schools educate youth to become democratic and innovative?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Ulla Højmark; Louw, Arnt Vestergaard

    2016-01-01

    . In the article IBE is perceived as an academic way of thinking and learning and not just a pedagogical method. Taking this broad understanding, we use the concept of IBE as an educational approach and a theoretical framework. The article points to how different educational aims bring about different teacher......In this article we will explore the concept of Inquiry Based Education (IBE) on classroom level in secondary schools. We use casestudies to deskribe and analyze two different learning environments and give a theoretical and an empirical approach to understanding students’ learning opportunities...... – students relations and offer students different kind of learning possibilities and positions. It is further shown how different learnings environments can open up for democratic praxis and experience and be understood as creating inclusive learning environment. The argument in the article is that central...

  8. Prevalence of Dental Occlusal Patterns and Their Association with Obstractive Upper Airway Diseases in Primary School Children, Isfahan, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SM Sonbolestan

    2005-11-01

    Full Text Available Background: Teeth, apart from their physiologic function, play an important role in general appearance of indivduals. Therefore any disorder in their growth and evolution, will cause psychologic, social and even economic problems for the person. This observational cross- sectional study aimed to investigate relationship between dental occlusal patterns and obstructive nasal-upper airway- diseases. Methods: This study was perfromed in schools of No.4 Education at district of Isfahan in educational year 1381-82 between 607 students (277 male, 330 female aged 9-12 years old. Results of accurate ENT and dentistry physical examination were registered and analyzed using SPSS software and Chi-square and Mantel - Hanzel test. Results: With increasing age, The frequency of abnormal occlusal patterns increases (from 45.5% to 68.2% in males and 25.8% to 48.5% in females, p=0.015. The increasing in degree of palatal tonsilar hypertrophy was related to higher frequency of abnormal occlusal patterns (36.7% in +1 tonsilar hypertrophy, and 70% in +4 tonsilar hypertrophy, p=0.02. Also, history of frequent common colds, and history of previous nasal fractures were related with abnormal patterns [58.9% (p=0.032, and 83.4% (p= 0.043%, respectively].Five other parameters including sinusitis, hypertrophy of nasal turbinates, rhinitis, nasal polyposis and nasal septal deviation were not associated with abnormal occlusal patterns (p>0.1. Conclusion: Some of obstructive upper airwacy diseases are related with abnormal dental occlusal patterns. These parameters can be simply diagnosed, treated or prevented. Key words: dental occlusion, malocclusion, obstructive nasal disorders, nasal turbinates, adenoid, rhinitis, tonsillectomy, open mouth breathing

  9. Control rod drop accident analysis for the mixed core project in Ling Ao NPS

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhang Shishun; Zhou Zhou; Xiao Min

    2004-01-01

    AFA-2G assemblies in Ling Ao NPS (LNPS) have been replaced gradually by AFA-3G assemblies from cycle 2 and subsequent cycles. the enrichment of the fuels will be increased from 3.2% to 3.7% from cycle 3 in Ling Ao. Therefore, the study of ling Ao mixed core and increased enrichment have been performed since 2001. Lots of accidents need to be re-analyzed in Ling Ao NPS in order to verify its safety requirements for the new fuel management. Control rod drop accident for LNPS was re-analyzed in 2001 in frame of FRAMATOME ANP analytical methodology. The analytical codes used in the accident analysis include SCIENCE, ESPADON, CINEMA, CANTAL and FLICA III. The control rod drop accident analysis is performed with respect to the 10 reference cycles of the generic fuel management design for Ling Ao mixed core and increased enrichment study. The pre-drop FδH for the first transition cycles and other cycles are 1.52 and 1.55, respectively. For detected dropped rod configurations, the negative flux rate protection system actuates a reactor trip. For the non-detected dropped rod configurations, the minimum DNBR values have been evaluated with conservative analysis methodology and assumptions and the DNBR fuel design limit is respected the analytical results shows that, for all the non-detected dropped rod configurations, the minimum DNB margin is about 2% which occurs in AFA-2G fuel assembly in the first transition cycle. (author)

  10. Las actitudes hacia las lenguas y el aprendizaje lingüístico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Judit JANÉS CARULLA

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available En el aprendizaje de segundas o terceras lenguas se debe destacar el importante papel que juegan las actitudes lingüísticas. En este artículo, en primer lugar nos acercamos conceptualmente a este tipo de actitudes para después centrarnos en cómo los factores actitudinales y motivacionales influyen en el aprendizaje lingüístico. De acuerdo con lo expuesto y siguiendo la terminología de Lambert, en segundo lugar nos detenemos en cómo el tipo de motivación que tienen los sujetos (instrumental o de integración determina su grado de competencia lingüística y en cómo las actitudes presentes en la familia influyen en las actitudes que desarrollan estos sujetos hacia las otras comunidades lingüísticas. Repasamos también el debate existente entorno a toda esta temática, y subrayamos las principales variables que pueden originar o cambiar las actitudes lingüísticas, realzando el papel de la familia, la escuela y los mass media. Finalmente, resumimos brevemente un estudio centrado en las actitudes ante las lenguas de los escolares de origen inmigrante en Cataluña.

  11. Lingüística de Corpus: histórico e problemática

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SARDINHA Tony Berber

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho oferece uma retrospectiva da Lingüística de Corpus, uma área de pesquisa que tem experimentado um crescimento vertiginoso nos últimos anos e que tem tido um impacto considerável na lingüística. A retrospectiva inclui tanto um painel histórico quanto um posicionamento em relação aos debates correntes e desenvolvimentos futuros da área. Os conceitos principais em voga na área são apresentados e discutidos. O trabalho ainda comenta os fatos mais marcantes na Lingüística de Corpus em relação à teoria e à prática, elencando os principais corpora em existência bem como as mais importantes contribuições no campo de programas de computador para análise e exploração desses corpora.

  12. Schedule control in Ling Ao nuclear power project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Xie Ahai

    2007-01-01

    Ling Ao Nuclear Power Station (LANP) is first one built up by self-reliance in China with power capacity 990x2 MWe. The results of quality control, schedule control and cost control are satisfactory. The commercial operation days of Unit 1 and Unit 2 were 28th May 2002 and 8th Jan. 2003 respectively, which were 48 days and 66 days in advance of the project schedule. This paper presents the practices of self-reliance schedule control system in LANP. The paper includes 10 sections: schedule control system; targets of schedule control; schedule control at early stage of project; construction schedule; scheduling practice; Point curves; schedule control of design and procurement; a good practice of construction schedule control on site; commissioning and startup schedule; schedule control culture. Three figures are attached. The main contents of the self-reliance schedule control system are as follows: to draw up reasonable schedules and targets; to setup management mechanism and procedures; to organize powerful project management team; to establish close monitoring system; to provide timely progress reports and statistics information. Five kinds of schedule control targets are introduced, i.e. bar-chart schedule; milesones; Point curves; interface management; hydraulic test schedule of auxiliary piping loops; EMR/EMC/EESR issuance schedules. Six levels of bar-chart schedules were adopted in LANP, but the bar-chart schedules were not satisfactory for complicated erection condition on site, even using six levels of schedules. So a kind of Point curves was developed and their advantages are explained. Scheduling method of three elements: activity, duration, logic, which was adopted in LANP, is introduced. The duration of each piping activities in LANP level 2 project schedule was calculated based on the relevant working Point quantities. The analysis and adjustment of Point curves are illustrated, i.e. balance of monthly quantities; possible production in the peakload

  13. [The frequency of risk factors for atherosclerosis in youth aged 16 and 18 years--students of upper-secondary schools in Poland].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jodkowska, Maria; Oblacińska, Anna; Mikiel-Kostyra, Krystyna; Tabak, Izabela

    2012-01-01

    1. To examine the prevalence of selected risk factors for atherosclerosis: overweight, tobacco smoking, low physical activity, psychological distress and type A personality (characterized by tenseness, impatience, competitiveness, and aggressiveness) in adolescents and to assess the frequency the coexistence of risk factors (≥3) in relation to gender, age and school type. A cross-sectional study was carried out in a representative sample of youth aged 16 and 18 years (N=2983) in 8 voivodeships in Poland. The frequency of five atherosclerosis risk factors and their coexistence (≥3) was examined using self-reported questionnaires, in relation to gender, age and school type. Logistic regression analyses were used to assess the influence of the variables (gender, age and school type) on odds ratios of risk factor coexistence. Low physical activity was the most common risk factor, statistically more frequent in students from Basic Vocational Schools than in other school types (pSchools there was also the highest percentage of cigarette smokers (pSchools. The highest risk factor accumulation (≥3) was observed among students from Basic Vocational Schools (40%), significantly more frequent in girls than boys (47.5% and 37.5% respectively). Multivariable analyses show that students from Basic Vocational Schools had twice the odds (OR=2.25, pcoexistence of risk factors for atherosclerosis as compared with students from General Upper Secondary Schools, girls had almost twice as many occurrences (OR=1.83, pschool types requires precise definition of priority health promotion activities depending on school type. 2. Students from Basic Vocational Schools should be the target group for intervention aimed at reducing atherosclerosis risk factors.

  14. Quality control of Ling'ao nuclear power station civil construction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lu Buliang; Ye Changyuan

    2001-01-01

    Based on the quality control model adopted during Ling'ao Nuclear Power Station construction, the author briefly introduces quality control process of some main civil construction activities (reinforced concrete, steel liner, steel works and prestressing force) of nuclear power station, and makes some descriptions on non-conformance control of civil works. These quality control processes described come from the concrete practice during civil construction of Ling'ao Nuclear Power Station, and are based on Daya Bay Nuclear Power Station construction experience

  15. Risk of loss power for ATWT in Daya Bay and Ling'ao nuclear power stations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Guo Cheng

    2010-01-01

    In order to analyze the differences between the Anticipated Transient Without Reactor Trip (ATWT) and other reactor protection methods, this paper analyzes in detail the realizing means of ATWT and the effect of lost of power supply on the units based on Daya Bay and Ling'ao Nuclear Power Stations by system wiring diagram. Based on the comprehensive analysis,this paper proposes the sequence for powering when recovering the power source after ATWT power supply (LCC/LNE) loss for Daya Bay and Ling'ao Nuclear Power Stations. (authors)

  16. Grammar as an “Art of Lettes” in Foreign Language Teaching (A Study of Teaching English Verb Tenses in Lower and Upper Secondary Schools

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Harťanská Jana

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: This paper focuses on the issue of teaching verb tenses in Slovak lower and upper secondary schools – in particular, on teaching three grammatical tenses (Present Simple, Present Continuous, and Simple Present Perfect and the learner’s ability to use them. It also identifies the mistakes made by the learners in the research sample, causes of their mistakes, and suggests ways of eliminating these errors.

  17. Digital fabrication as an instructional technology for supporting upper elementary and middle school science and mathematics education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tillman, Daniel

    The purpose of this three-paper manuscript dissertation was to study digital fabrication as an instructional technology for supporting elementary and middle school science and mathematics education. Article one analyzed the effects of digital fabrication activities that were designed to contextualize mathematics education at a summer mathematics enrichment program for upper elementary and middle school students. The primary dependent variables studied were the participants' knowledge of mathematics and science content, attitudes towards STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) and STEM-related careers. Based upon the data collected, three results were presented as having justifiable supporting empirical evidence: (1) The digital fabrication activities, combined with the other mathematics activities at the enrichment program, resulted in non-significant overall gains in students' mathematics test scores and attitudes towards STEM. (2) The digital fabrication activities, combined with the other mathematics activities at the enrichment program, resulted in noteworthy gains on the "Probability & Statistics" questions. (3) Some students who did poorly on the scored paper test on mathematics and science content were nonetheless nominated by their teachers as demonstrating meritorious distinction during the digital fabrication activities (termed "Great Thinkers" by the 5th-grade teachers). Article two focused on how an instructional technology course featuring digital fabrication activities impacted (1) preservice elementary teachers' efficacy beliefs about teaching science, and (2) their attitudes and understanding of how to include instructional technology and digital fabrication activities into teaching science. The research design compared two sections of a teaching with technology course featuring digital fabrication activities to another section of the same course that utilized a media cycle framework (Bull & Bell, 2005) that did not feature digital

  18. Lingüística computacional y esteganografía lingüística. Distribuyendo información oculta con recursos mínimos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muñoz Muñoz, Alfonso

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Computational linguistics and linguistic steganography could allow to design useful systems in the protection / privacy of digital communications and digital language watermarking. However, building these systems is not always possible provided a series of conditions are not met. This article investigates whether it is possible to design procedures to hide information in natural language using minimal linguistic and computational resources. An algorithm is proposed and implemented, arguing for the usefulness and security of such proposals.La lingüística computacional puede ser aprovechada junto a la ciencia de la esteganografía lingüística para diseñar sistemas útiles en la protección/privacidad de las comunicaciones digitales y en el marcado digital de textos. No obstante, para poder llevar a cabo tal tarea se requiere de una serie de condiciones que no siempre se dan. En este artículo se investiga si es posible diseñar procedimientos que permitan ocultar información en lenguaje natural utilizando la mínima cantidad de recursos tanto lingüísticos como computacionales. Se propone un algoritmo y se implementa, razonando posteriormente a favor de la utilidad y la seguridad de propuestas de este tipo.

  19. Age Effects on Upper Limb Kinematics Assessed by the REAplan Robot in Healthy School-Aged Children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilliaux, Maxime; Dierckx, Floriane; Vanden Berghe, Lola; Lejeune, Thierry M; Sapin, Julien; Dehez, Bruno; Stoquart, Gaëtan; Detrembleur, Christine

    2015-05-01

    The use of kinematics is recommended to quantitatively evaluate upper limb movements. The aims of this study were to determine the age effects on upper limb kinematics and establish norms in healthy children. Ninety-three healthy children, aged 3-12 years, participated in this study. Twenty-eight kinematic indices were computed from four tasks. Each task was performed with the REAplan, a distal effector robotic device that allows upper limb displacements in the horizontal plane. Twenty-four of the 28 indices showed an improvement during childhood. Indeed, older children showed better upper limb movements. This study was the first to use a robotic device to show the age effects on upper limb kinematics and establish norms in healthy children.

  20. Modellering og måling af metan-emission fra kvæg

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Storm, I; Hellwing, Anne Louise Frydendahl; Nielsen, N I

    2011-01-01

    Udvikling af og kendskab til de metoder, der bruges til måling af kvægs metan-emission udgør en vigtig del af forskningen indenfor området. I dette indlæg præsenteres de mest anvendte metoder til måling og estimation af kvægs metan-emission, herunder modeller, in vitro inkubation, kammer-metoder,......-metoder, SF6-metoden og CO2-metoden. De enkelte metoder beskrives og fordele, ulemper og anvendelsesområder sammenlignes. Dette er vigtig baggrundsinformation for forståelse og fortolkning af øvrige forskningsresultater og for at kunne planlægge fremtidige projekter.......Udvikling af og kendskab til de metoder, der bruges til måling af kvægs metan-emission udgør en vigtig del af forskningen indenfor området. I dette indlæg præsenteres de mest anvendte metoder til måling og estimation af kvægs metan-emission, herunder modeller, in vitro inkubation, kammer...

  1. El lingüista y las patologías del lenguaje

    OpenAIRE

    Fernández Pérez, Milagros

    1999-01-01

    Se definen tres dimensiones básicas en las que la Lingüística resulta clave para aproximarse a las patologías del lenguaje, a saber, el enfoque, los procedimientos descriptivos y los sistemas de estimación de las disfunciones

  2. Los indicadores lingüísticos: un factor para medir capital intelectual en las organizaciones

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Carlos Vergara Silva

    2002-07-01

    Full Text Available Se plantean las formas de interactuar con el lenguaje en la organización. Los avances en la lingüística cognitiva permiten no solo relacionar la cognición y el lenguaje de la organización, sino además, analizar el discurso organizacional que han construido las personas sobre su empresa

  3. Prevalence of acne vulgaris and its impact of the quality of life among secondary school-aged adolescents in Sohag Province, Upper Egypt.

    Science.gov (United States)

    El-Hamd, Mohammed Abu; Nada, Essam El-Din Abdel-Aziz; Moustafa, Mohammed Abdel-Kareem; Mahboob-Allah, Rehab Ahmed

    2017-09-01

    Acne vulgaris is the most common dermatological condition encountered in adolescents. It was to determine the prevalence of acne vulgaris and its impact of the quality of life among adolescents attending secondary schools in Sohag Province, Upper Egypt. This was a cross-sectional study conducted in randomly selected governmental and technical secondary schools in Sohag Province, Upper Egypt. Approval was taken from the scientific research committee of Sohag Faculty of Medicine and also from Ministry of Education. Every student with acne was subjected to full medical history and local examination of head and neck to assess the severity of acne vulgaris. Assessment of the impact of acne vulgaris on their quality of life was carried out using self-reported validated specific questionnaire, the Cardiff Acne Disability Index (CADI). This study included 994 teenage secondary school students. The overall prevalence of acne vulgaris was 333 (33.5%). The mean age of the students with acne was 16.84±0.87. Acne vulgaris was more common among females than among males (200, 60% vs 133, 40%). The most common form of acne vulgaris was mild 178, 53%, followed by moderate form 135, 41%, and severe form 20, 6%. CADI score was significantly related to the disease grade and it was maximum among those with severe grade, followed by moderate and lastly mild disease grade. Acne vulgaris is a common skin disease and has a valuable impact on quality of life among adolescents attending secondary schools in Sohag Province, Upper Egypt. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  4. Social inclusion and career development--transition from upper secondary school to work or post-secondary education among hard of hearing students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Danermark, B; Antonson, S; Lundström, I

    2001-01-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate the decision process and to analyse the mechanisms involved in the transition from upper secondary education to post-secondary education or the labour market. Sixteen students with sensorioneural hearing loss were selected. Among these eight of the students continued to university and eight did not. Twenty-five per cent of the students were women and the average age was 28 years. The investigation was conducted about 5 years after graduation from the upper secondary school. Both quantitative and qualitative methods were used. The results showed that none of the students came from a family where any or both of the parents had a university or comparable education. The differences in choice between the two groups cannot be explained in terms of social inheritance. Our study indicates that given normal intellectual capacity the level of the hearing loss seems to have no predictive value regarding future educational performance and academic career. The conclusion is that it is of great importance that a hearing impaired pupil with normal intellectual capacity is encouraged and guided to choose an upper secondary educational programme which is orientated towards post-secondary education (instead of a narrow vocational programme). Additional to their hearing impairment and related educational problems, hard of hearing students have much more difficulty than normal hearing peers in coping with changes in intentions and goals regarding their educational career during their upper secondary education.

  5. They need to be recognized as a person in everyday life: Teachers' and helpers' experiences of teacher-student relationships in upper secondary school.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krane, Vibeke; Karlsson, Bengt; Ness, Ottar; Binder, Per-Einar

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this study was to explore how teachers and helpers experience that teacher-student relationship (TSR) is developed and promoted in upper secondary school.We also explored their experiences of qualities of TSR with students with mental health problems or at risk of dropping out. The study used a qualitative and participative approach; key stakeholders were included as co-researchers. Focus group interviews were held with 27 teachers and helpers. A thematic analysis was conducted. The participants' descriptions of important experiential dimensions of TSR were clustered around four themes: (1) to be recognized as a person with strengths and challenges in everyday life, (2) collaborative relationships between students and teachers, (3) flexible boundaries in the relationship between teachers and students and (4) organization of classes and procedures set the stage for TSR. Collaborative, emotional and contextual qualities were found important to the development of TSR in upper secondary school. Experiences of negative qualities of TSR can contribute to push students out of school. Teachers and helpers experience that TSR may have the potential to play a role in promoting mental health in students' everyday life.

  6. They need to be recognized as a person in everyday life: Teachers’ and helpers’ experiences of teacher–student relationships in upper secondary school

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krane, Vibeke; Karlsson, Bengt; Ness, Ottar; Binder, Per-Einar

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this study was to explore how teachers and helpers experience that teacher–student relationship (TSR) is developed and promoted in upper secondary school. We also explored their experiences of qualities of TSR with students with mental health problems or at risk of dropping out. The study used a qualitative and participative approach; key stakeholders were included as co-researchers. Focus group interviews were held with 27 teachers and helpers. A thematic analysis was conducted. The participants’ descriptions of important experiential dimensions of TSR were clustered around four themes: (1) to be recognized as a person with strengths and challenges in everyday life, (2) collaborative relationships between students and teachers, (3) flexible boundaries in the relationship between teachers and students and (4) organization of classes and procedures set the stage for TSR. Collaborative, emotional and contextual qualities were found important to the development of TSR in upper secondary school. Experiences of negative qualities of TSR can contribute to push students out of school. Teachers and helpers experience that TSR may have the potential to play a role in promoting mental health in students’ everyday life. PMID:27707451

  7. They need to be recognized as a person in everyday life: Teachers’ and helpers’ experiences of teacher–student relationships in upper secondary school

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vibeke Krane

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to explore how teachers and helpers experience that teacher–student relationship (TSR is developed and promoted in upper secondary school.We also explored their experiences of qualities of TSR with students with mental health problems or at risk of dropping out. The study used a qualitative and participative approach; key stakeholders were included as co-researchers. Focus group interviews were held with 27 teachers and helpers. A thematic analysis was conducted. The participants’ descriptions of important experiential dimensions of TSR were clustered around four themes: (1 to be recognized as a person with strengths and challenges in everyday life, (2 collaborative relationships between students and teachers, (3 flexible boundaries in the relationship between teachers and students and (4 organization of classes and procedures set the stage for TSR. Collaborative, emotional and contextual qualities were found important to the development of TSR in upper secondary school. Experiences of negative qualities of TSR can contribute to push students out of school. Teachers and helpers experience that TSR may have the potential to play a role in promoting mental health in students’ everyday life.

  8. Ciência Lingüística: da origem saussureana ao percurso sociolingüístico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Solyany Soares Salgado

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available

    Este artigo apresenta algumas considerações sobre as diretrizes tomadas pela ciência Lingüística na tentativa de oferecer um melhor aparato teórico para a compreensão dos fenômenos lingüísticos. Neste trabalho, as propostas teóricas originadas de reflexões feitas por autores como Saussure, Bakhtin, Chomsky e Labov são levadas em consideração para mostrar, entre outras coisas, que os lingüistas estão vendo, cada vez mais, a possibilidade de se trabalhar aspectos em comum de teorias lingüísticas diferentes para melhor explicar o objeto de estudo.

  9. "It Must Not Disturb, It's as Simple as That": Students' Voices on Mobile Phones in the Infrastructure for Learning in Swedish Upper Secondary School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ott, Torbjörn; Magnusson, Anita Grigic; Weilenmann, Alexandra; Hård af Segerstad, Ylva

    2018-01-01

    Drawing from a survey and focus group interviews, this study explores how Swedish upper secondary students reason about the usage of their personal mobile phones in school. As a contribution to the debate around the mobile phone's role in school, we present the students' own voices relative to the question of regulating mobile phone use. We use…

  10. Naturaleza y origen de los demonios en la épica tibetana de Gesar de Ling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bertha Aceves Torres

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available El poema épico del héroe tibetano Gesar de Ling nace de tradición oral, posteriormente es escrito en diversas lenguas, y sus interpretaciones orales, en el Tíbet, perduran hasta nuestros días. El conflicto que desata las acciones en el relato es el enfrentamiento del héroe contra los seres demoníacos, que asolan y subyugan al pueblo tibetano. La categoría de demonios en el occidente difiere de la naturaleza de los demonios en el budismo tibetano. La subyugación de los demonios por Gesar de Ling, que se efectúa en el poema, corresponde a uno de los objetivos del budismo a su llegada al Tíbet.

  11. Innovative Methods in Science Education in Japan--Strategic Methods on Smooth Transition from Upper Secondary School to the University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shinohara, Fumihiko

    2006-01-01

    This paper presents a brief introduction of the science education in Japan with an overview of the educational contents and standards laid by the Japanese Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT). It highlights the results of the International Education Association (IEA) on science education in Japan at upper secondary…

  12. Experience feedback of operation events in Ling'ao phase Ⅱ nuclear power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Xiao Zhi; Tao Shusheng; Sun Guochen; Zhang Zengqing

    2012-01-01

    As a new operating nuclear power plant, Ling'ao Phase Ⅱ occurred 20 pieces of operational events in one year of first cycle. By analyzing the events in this paper, the causes of the events are mainly concentrated in three aspects: interface between commissioning and operating, DCS system and the management of human factors. Finally, author gives some suggestions on experience feedback, as a reference to other similar nuclear power plants. (authors)

  13. Fumigation treatment of Four Yellow Qing Ling Water with artificial tears for dry eyes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yan-Yan Chen

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available AIM: To observe the clinical efficacy of fumigation treatment of traditional Chinese medicine(Four Yellow Qing Ling Waterfor dry eye, and to provide the reference for clinical treatment of dry eye. METHODS: Totally 82 patients(164 eyeswere randomly divided into two groups from June 2016 to December 2016 in Ophthalmology Department of our hospital. The patients in control group were given artificial tears; the patients in the observation group were given artificial tears and fumigation treatment of traditional Chinese(Four Yellow Qing Ling Wateronce a day. After treatment for 14d, the Schirmer Ⅰ test(SⅠt, break-up time(BUT, cornea fluorescein staining(FLand clinical efficacy of two groups were compared. RESULTS: The efficiency rate of observation group was significantly better than the control group(87.8% vs 70.7%, Pvs 6.38±2.52mm/5min, Pvs 6.35±2.29s, Pvs 1.26±0.84, PCONCLUSION: The fumigation treatment of traditional Chinese medicine(Four Yellow Qing Ling Watercombined with artificial tears for dry eyes can improve the clinical symptoms of dry eye syndrome.

  14. Dificuldades lingüísticas na aquisição da escrita e agressividade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fermino Fernandes Sisto

    Full Text Available Esta pesquisa estudou a relação entre dificuldades lingüísticas da escrita e agressividade em estudantes de oito a doze anos. Participaram 834 alunos de escolas estaduais e particulares. Foi aplicada a Escala de Agressividade para Crianças e Jovens, que fornece medidas de agressividade geral e nas situações familiar e escolar e o ADAPE, que consiste em um ditado composto por palavras com dificuldades lingüísticas. As dificuldades lingüísticas e as medidas de agressividade escolar indicaram grandes semelhanças nos resultados das segundas e terceiras séries, fornecendo correlações significativas e positivas, ou seja, conforme aumentaram os erros na escrita, aumentaram também as pontuações em agressividade escolar. Entretanto, com os alunos da quarta série, houve uma nítida diferenciação entre os gêneros. Enquanto que as meninas forneceram coeficientes positivos e alguns muito altos, os meninos registraram correlações negativas, indicando que conforme aumentaram os erros, diminuiu a agressividade escolar.

  15. Nearly half of the adolescents in an Italian school-based study exceeded the recommended upper limits for daily caffeine consumption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santangelo, Barbara; Lapolla, Rosa; Rutigliano, Irene; Pettoello Mantovani, Massimo; Campanozzi, Angelo

    2018-06-01

    No data are available on caffeine consumption among Italian adolescents. We investigated caffeine intake from coffee, soft drinks and energy drinks in a sample of Italian adolescents and determined if they exceeded the recommended limits. The study comprised 1213 adolescents with a mean age of 15.1 years (range 12-19) from four schools in Foggia, southern Italy. Caffeine intake was assessed using an anonymous self-reported questionnaire during the 2013/2014 school year. We calculated the percentage of daily caffeine consumers, their mean intake of caffeine from beverages and the contribution of each beverage category to the total caffeine intake. Approximately 76% of the sample consumed caffeine every day, amounting to 125.5 ± 69.2 mg/day and 2.1 ± 1.2 mg/kg/day. When we applied the reference values from the Academy of Pediatrics, we found that 46% of the adolescents exceeded the recommended upper limits. Coffee was the most frequently consumed caffeinated drink and the main contributor to daily caffeine intake. More than three quarters (76%) of the Italian adolescents in our study drank coffee on a daily basis and nearly half (46%) exceeded the recommended upper limits. Strategies are needed to reduce caffeine consumption by adolescents. ©2018 Foundation Acta Paediatrica. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  16. Young People’s Narratives of Media and Identity: Mediagraphy as Identity Work in Upper Secondary School

    OpenAIRE

    Schofield, Daniel; Kupiainen, Reijo P.

    2015-01-01

    The article explores how upper secondary students use the learning activity mediagraphy to reflect on their identity and on media as constraining and enabling factors in their social practice. In mediagraphy, the students research four generations of their own families, including themselves. They write a mediagraphy essay on the differences and similarities across the generations in media use and turning points in individuals’ lives, in addition to societal and media-related developments. Dat...

  17. Development of Ling-zhi industry in China – emanated from the artificial cultivation in the Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences (IMCAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saifei Li

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Ling-zhi is a medicinal herb that generally refers to a fungus in the genus Ganoderma. It has been used as a medicinal mushroom in traditional Chinese medicine for more than 2000 years. Mycologists at the Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences (IMCAS first artificially cultivated the Ling-zhi fruiting body in the late 1960s (X.J. Liu’s team. In IMCAS, different research teams have extensively studied Ling-zhi in the aspects of national resource surveys, systematic taxonomy, chemical analysis, and processing for medicinal and health applications. The research results from IMCAS have provided essential support and prompted the development of the Ling-zhi industry in China to some extent. This review aims to summarize the history of research on Ling-zhi in IMCAS and its role in the development of the Ling-zhi economy.

  18. Resolución de problemas científicos desde la historia de la ciencia: retos y desafíos para promover competencias cognitivo lingüísticas en la química escolar History of Science in the resolution of scientific problems: contributions to promote linguistic cognitive strengths for school Chemistry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johanna Patricia Camacho González

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo proponemos abordar el enfrentamiento a la resolución de problemas en la química escolar por parte de los y las estudiantes asumiendo situaciones a las que se han enfrentado los científicos y las científicas en determinados y contextualizados momentos de la Historia de la Ciencia. Para ello, argumentamos algunos aspectos desde la literatura especializada en Didáctica de las Ciencias, que permiten sustentar esta propuesta. A continuación, describimos un episodio histórico sobre la discusión del S. XVIII entre Lavoisier y Priestley respecto a la descomposición del aire para ser utilizada como estrategia que promueva el desarrollo de las competencias cognitivolingüísticas. Finalmente, planteamos algunas directrices para orientar al profesorado de química en el logro de estos propósitos.The objective of this article is to approach the resolution of problems in the construction of knowledge in school science. In first place, show some aspects from specialized Literature. Later, we describe a historical episode of the discussion of Lavoisier and Priestley in S.XVIII about the combustion of the air. This is to be used as a strategy that promotes linguistic cognitive strengths. Finally, we propose some methodological directives to orient professors of chemistry to profit from these findings.

  19. What Do You Know about Alternative Energy? Development and Use of a Diagnostic Instrument for Upper Secondary School Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheong, Irene Poh-Ai; Johari, Marliza; Said, Hardimah; Treagust, David F.

    2015-01-01

    The need for renewable and non-fossil fuels is now recognised by nations throughout the world. Consequently, an understanding of alternative energy is needed both in schools and in everyday life-long learning situations. This study developed a two-tier instrument to diagnose students' understanding and alternative conceptions about alternative…

  20. The Relationship between Civic Attitudes and Voting Intention: An Analysis of Vocational Upper Secondary Schools in England and Singapore

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Christine; Hoskins, Bryony; Sim, Jasmine Boon-Yee

    2014-01-01

    From 2009 to 2011, a team from the Centre for Learning and Life Chances in Knowledge Economies and Societies carried out a mixed-methods study of young people in England and Singapore. With regard to civic attitudes, the study showed that there was a greater sense of political self-efficacy and collective (school) efficacy in Singapore than in…

  1. TEACHERS’ ACCOUNTS OF LANGUAGE VARIATIONS Relatos de Professores sobre Variações Lingüísticas Não-Padrão

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João A. Telles

    1998-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper focuses on teachers' stigmatizing perspectives of their students' nonstandard varieties of Portuguese. Theoretically, the study was grounded on Personal Construct Psychology, Perspective Transformation in Teacher Education, Transformative Bidialectalism and Critical Language Awareness. The objectives were to jointly access and assess the teachers’ implicit theories about nonstandard language and to verify to what extent these theories affected their classroom pedagogy. My research questions turned to how the participating teachers understood nonstandard language; and to how their understandings are reflected on their language teaching. The viewing of the teachers’ videotaped classes and Repertory Grid activities inspired reflective conversations with the two teacher participants on their language and classroom experiences. These conversations were audio-recorded, transcribed and their analysis followed the thematizing approach of Hermeneutic Phenomenology. The study revealed teachers’ implicit theories about language variation defining pedagogies based on deficit and standard grammar perspectives. These pedagogies are in constant interaction with the teachers’ lived experiences, the contextual restrictions of schools and the limitations of teacher education programs.O presente trabalho trata das perspectivas estigmatizantes que duas professoras de língua portuguesa trazem em relação às variações lingüísticas não-padrão de seus alunos. Teoricamente, meu estudo se embasa na Psicologia dos Construtos Pessoais, Transformação de Perspectivas na Educação de Professores, Bi-dialetalismo Transformador e Sensibilidade Crítica à Linguagem. Meus objetivos foram acessar e ponderar sobre as teorias implícitas das professoras sobre linguagem não-padrão e verificar como tais teorias afetam suas pedagogias. Suas aulas foram gravadas em vídeo e atividades com Mapas do Repertório de seus conceitos sobre língua portuguesa

  2. No structure without culture? A survey study of 15-19 year olds’ practices, preferences and perceptions of physical activity in a Danish upper secondary school

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Stine Frydendal; Nielsen, Glen; Ottesen, Laila

    2018-01-01

    dimensions influencing young people’s participation in and views on physical activity. The study shows that even though we have a long tradition of gender-integrated PE in Denmark, very traditional gender differences similar to countries with gender-segregated PE prevails. The article, therefore, discusses......This article presents the results of a questionnaire survey conducted in a Danish upper secondary school where alternative options of physical activity have been provided to the students. The purpose of the study is to gain knowledge about the perspectives of the students concerning physical...... education (PE), sport and exercise. The study illustrates young people’s practices, preferences and perceptions when physical activity is a gender-integrated activity as is the case in Denmark. The results are discussed in a figurational perspective viewing PE, sport and exercise as interdependent...

  3. Shadow Education in Malaysia: Identifying the Determinants of Spending and Amount of Time Attending Private Supplementary Tutoring of Upper Secondary School Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chang Da Wan

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the determinants of spending and the amount of time attending private supplementary tutoring, or commonly known as private tuition, in Malaysia. Based on 343 self-reported questionnaires with upper secondary students across three states in Malaysia and using multiple regression analysis, we identified ethnicity, father’s level of education and past academic performance as significant determinants of spending and amount of time attending private tuition. However, interestingly, we found that while geographical location and participation in internal tuition in schools were also determinants of spending, these two were not significant in determining the amount of time attending private supplementary tutoring. The identification of determinants of spending and amount of time, and in addition, the differences between these two illustrates the economic and educational dimensions of shadow education. More importantly, the insight also contributes to the formulation of possible interventions that can improve quality and reduce inequality in the mainstream education system.

  4. Choices and Changes: Eccles’ Expectancy-Value Model and Upper-Secondary School Students’ Longitudinal Reflections about their Choice of a STEM Education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lykkegaard, Eva; Ulriksen, Lars

    2016-01-01

    During the past 30 years, Eccles’ comprehensive social-psychological Expectancy-Value Model of Motivated Behavioural Choices (EV-MBC model) has been proven suitable for studying educational choices related to Science, Technology, Engineering and/or Mathematics (STEM). The reflections of 15 students...... in their last year in upper-secondary school concerning their choice of tertiary education were examined using quantitative EV-MBC surveys and repeated qualitative interviews. This article presents the analyses of three cases in detail. The analytical focus was whether the factors indicated in the EV-MBC model......, and that significant changes in the students’ reflections were not captured by the factors of the EV-MBC model. This questions the validity of the EVMBC surveys. Moreover, the quantitative factors from the EV-MBC model did not sufficiently explain students’ dynamical educational choice processes where students...

  5. Ling classification describes endoscopic progressive process of achalasia and successful peroral endoscopy myotomy prevents endoscopic progression of achalasia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Wen-Gang; Linghu, En-Qiang; Chai, Ning-Li; Li, Hui-Kai

    2017-05-14

    To verify the hypothesis that the Ling classification describes the endoscopic progressive process of achalasia and determine the ability of successful peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) to prevent endoscopic progression of achalasia. We retrospectively reviewed the endoscopic findings, symptom duration, and manometric data in patients with achalasia. A total of 359 patients (197 women, 162 men) with a mean age of 42.1 years (range, 12-75 years) were evaluated. Symptom duration ranged from 2 to 360 mo, with a median of 36 mo. Patients were classified with Ling type I ( n = 119), IIa ( n = 106), IIb ( n = 60), IIc ( n = 60), or III ( n = 14), according to the Ling classification. Of the 359 patients, 349 underwent POEM, among whom 21 had an endoscopic follow-up for more than 2 years. Pre-treatment and post-treatment Ling classifications of these 21 patients were compared. Symptom duration increased significantly with increasing Ling classification (from I to III) ( P achalasia and may be able to serve as an endoscopic assessment criterion for achalasia. Successful POEM (Eckardt score ≤ 3) seems to have the ability to prevent endoscopic evolvement of achalasia. However, studies with larger populations are warranted to confirm our findings.

  6. PM2.5 in Urban and Rural Nursery Schools in Upper Silesia, Poland: Trace Elements Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Mainka

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Indoor air quality (IAQ in nursery schools is an emerging public health challenge. Particular attention should be paid to younger children, because they are more vulnerable to air pollution than older children. Among air pollutants, fine particulate matter (PM2.5 is of the greatest interest mainly due to its strong association with acute and chronic effects on children’s health. In this paper, we present concentrations of PM2.5 and the composition of its trace elements at naturally ventilated nursery schools located in the area of Gliwice, Poland. The nursery schools were selected to characterize areas with different degrees of urbanization and traffic densities during the winter and spring seasons. The results indicate there is a problem with elevated concentrations of PM2.5 inside the examined classrooms. The children’s exposure to trace elements was different based on localization and season. PM2.5 concentration and its trace element composition have been studied using correlation coefficients between the different trace elements, the enrichment factor (EF and principal component analysis (PCA. PCA allowed the identification of the three components: anthropogenic and geogenic sources (37.2%, soil dust contaminated by sewage sludge dumping (18.6% and vehicular emissions (19.5%.

  7. La llengua catalana, pedra de toc de la diversitat lingüística europea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isidor Marí Mayans

    2003-04-01

    Full Text Available La UE es troba a les portes d'una ampliació que comportarà la incorporació de deu noves llengües oficials, moltes de les quals amb unes dimensions demogràfiques i una vitalitat cultural inferiors a la llengua catalana. L'article comenta que la situació actual del català a la UE és injustificable i escandalosa i que ho resultarà encara més després de l'ampliació. La previsible modificació del règim lingüístic de la UE tendirà a la reducció de les llengües de treball per raons d'eficiència, però l'ampliació de les llengües oficials hauria de permetre incloure-hi llengües com la catalana, que ja són oficials en el seu territori. Tampoc hi ha cap raó perquè el català resulti exclòs dels programes lingüístics europeus, en els quals participen fins i tot llengües de països externs a la UE. Les comunitats lingüístiques amb poders legislatius han de poder regular l'ús públic de les llengües en el seu espai igual que els estats; altrament la mateixa UE indica que sols la independència política garanteix un tracte igualitari.

  8. The role of Gallo in the identity of Upper-Breton school pupils of the language variety and their parents

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nolan, John Shaun

    2008-01-01

    is of a positive nature for many respondents, but particularly for the younger generation. However, this identity role does not necessarily require it to be spoken and Gallo, which has up to recent years been socially marginalised in favour of Breton and French, may find a place for itself in Brittany's identity......Whilst recent studies have provided pivotal insights into the relationship between Bretons and the principle languages of Brittany, Breton and French, this paper aims to shed light on the relationship between Brittany's northern French near language (Oïl) variety, Gallo, and the identity...... historically subject to a highly negative linguistic culture in both the French and Breton language contexts, for many respondents Gallo is perceived as continuing to play a role in their identity. This role, whilst it is restricted to the Upper-Breton region, tradition, the countryside and the family...

  9. Nyt system til kontinuerlig måling af vejes bæreevne

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skar, Asmus; Andersen, Mathias Bækbo; Larsen, Jack

    2018-01-01

    Med det formål at øge både sikkerheden og effektiviteten, minimere trafikforstyrrelser, samt gøre bæreevnemålinger tilgængelige for alle typer af brugere har Dynatest i samarbejde med DTU udviklet et nyt system til kontinuerlig måling af vejes bæreevne. Projektet, under navnet ”Advanced and Widel...... Available Pavement Assessment Tools for Infrastructure Evaluation” (AWAPAVE), er finansieret med støtte fra Innovationsfonden og løber over perioden 2016-2018....

  10. La lingüística en el contexto de la inteligencia artificial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Morales Ascencio Bernardo

    1997-06-01

    Full Text Available

    En el presente artículo se reseñan algunos conceptos fundamentales sobre Inteligencia Artificial que sirven de base para reconocer la identidad y las proyecciones de la lingüística en el área de la informática, en consonancia con las exigencias de la tecnología moderna. Se destacan la posibilidad e importancia del procesamiento automático del lenguaje natural y el sentido que para ello tienen los conocimientos pragmáticos, Por último, se reseñan algunas ideas sobre las llamadas industrias de la lengua.

  11. Habilidades lingüísticas sobre nomenclatura microbiana en profesionales de la salud

    OpenAIRE

    Arpajón Peña, Yunier; Rodríguez Uramis, Mónica; Sosa Pérez, Ana Ludys

    2014-01-01

    Introducción: en los programas de estudios donde se aplican la Microbiología o Parasitología Médica aparece en todos los casos como objetivo nombrar a los microorganismos. Objetivo: analizar el estado de las habilidades lingüísticas sobre taxonomía microbiana en profesionales de la salud. Métodos: se realizó un estudio descriptivo donde fueron revisados 270 trabajos científicos escritos, relacionados con estas dos especialidades médicas y se efectuaron 250 entrevistas a profesionales de las d...

  12. El ciberlenguaje como variedad lingüística Cyberlanguage like linguistic variety

    OpenAIRE

    Betancourt Arango Amanda

    2010-01-01

    La presentación del ciberlenguaje como una de las variantes de la lengua incluye una discusión sobre su carácter como forma intermedia entre la oralidad y la escritura y las fuerzas responsables de los cambios lingüísticos. Por una parte, la vertiente popular que ha dado origen a la evolución constante de la lengua y, por otra, la culta que se esfuerza por recuperar la forma etimológica. Aquí se destaca el uso innovador del ciberlenguaje que deja de lado el aspecto normativo de la gramática y...

  13. Fuel management study on quarter core refueling for Ling Ao NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhang Hong; Li Jinggang

    2012-01-01

    The fuel management study on quarter core refueling is introduced for Ling Ao NPP. Starting from the selection of the objective of fuel management for quarter core refueling, the code and method used and the analysis carried out are explained in details to reach the final loading pattern chosen. The start-up physics test results are listed to demonstrate the realized quarter core fuel management. In the end, the advantage and disadvantage after turning to quarter core refueling has been given for the power plant from the fuel management point of view. (authors)

  14. Understanding the Relationship between School-Based Management, Emotional Intelligence and Performance of Religious Upper Secondary School Principals in Banten Province

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muslihah, Oleh Eneng

    2015-01-01

    The research examines the correlation between the understanding of school-based management, emotional intelligences and headmaster performance. Data was collected, using quantitative methods. The statistical analysis used was the Pearson Correlation, and multivariate regression analysis. The results of this research suggest firstly that there is…

  15. Perceptions of secondary technical schools students in Assiut, upper Egypt, about AIDS: Effect of an educational intervention

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohei El-Din A Selim

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Background and Purpose: Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS is a great threat to the youth. The aim is to assess the knowledge of secondary technical schools students on AIDS, identify related misconceptions, and measure the effect of a short health education program on their level of knowledge. Materials and Methods: This quasi-experimental study was done on 575 secondary technical schools students in Assiut City, recruited through a two-stage stratified cluster sampling. A self-administered anonymous questionnaire was used to collect data. A health education program was implemented, and its effect assessed through pre-post testing. Results: The age range of the students was 16 to 20 years, with more girls (57.0%. Only 30.8% had satisfactory knowledge about AIDS in the pretest. Statistically significant improvements in knowledge were revealed after program implementation (P<0.001. Students who were Muslim, of urban residence, and had mobile phones had significantly higher scores (P=0.037, 0.004, 0.038 respectively. The most common misconceptions were the definition of AIDS according to transmission, and phobias related to transmission, which decreased after the intervention. Multivariate analysis showed that the statistically significant independent predictors of the change in knowledge score after the intervention were age, religion and the health education program. Conclusion: Secondary technical schools students in Assiut city have a major deficiency in knowledge and many misconceptions regarding AIDS. The educational intervention had a positive impact on their knowledge, but a less marked effect on misconceptions. Knowledge was affected by age and religious belief. It is recommended that more health educational efforts tailored to needs and with approaches suitable to community cultures and values be introduced.

  16. Perceptions of secondary technical schools students in Assiut, upper Egypt, about AIDS: Effect of an educational intervention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Selim, Mohei El-Din A; El-Shereef, Etemad A A

    2010-01-01

    Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is a great threat to the youth. The aim is to assess the knowledge of secondary technical schools students on AIDS, identify related misconceptions, and measure the effect of a short health education program on their level of knowledge. This quasi-experimental study was done on 575 secondary technical schools students in Assiut City, recruited through a two-stage stratified cluster sampling. A self-administered anonymous questionnaire was used to collect data. A health education program was implemented, and its effect assessed through pre-post testing. The age range of the students was 16 to 20 years, with more girls (57.0%). Only 30.8% had satisfactory knowledge about AIDS in the pretest. Statistically significant improvements in knowledge were revealed after program implementation (PStudents who were Muslim, of urban residence, and had mobile phones had significantly higher scores (P=0.037, 0.004, 0.038 respectively). The most common misconceptions were the definition of AIDS according to transmission, and phobias related to transmission, which decreased after the intervention. Multivariate analysis showed that the statistically significant independent predictors of the change in knowledge score after the intervention were age, religion and the health education program. Secondary technical schools students in Assiut city have a major deficiency in knowledge and many misconceptions regarding AIDS. The educational intervention had a positive impact on their knowledge, but a less marked effect on misconceptions. Knowledge was affected by age and religious belief. It is recommended that more health educational efforts tailored to needs and with approaches suitable to community cultures and values be introduced.

  17. Internet y los recursos lingüísticos para la lengua española : diccionarios y corpus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Polonca Kocjančič

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Las obras de referencia y los diversos recursos lingüísticos conforman un nexo de unión entre una lengua en su totalidad y el usuario que busca información sobre cualquier aspecto de la lengua que emplea, sea materna o extranjera. Las nuevas tecnologías han abierto un universo nuevo y representan un elemento que hay que considerar en la difusión de la información lingüística, con algunos recursos bien conocidos y otros nuevos, que investigan enfoques alternativos de la organización de la información lingüística.

  18. ‘Archaeology Time with Miss Jessica’ Archaeology education in summer schools and summer camp in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan

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    Jessica Sutherland

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Archaeology education benefits not only archaeologists, but also teachers and students. It fosters future stewards of our cultural heritage while making any classroom lesson more exciting and engaging for the students. In an effort to realize both of these goals, the author undertook an archaeology education programme in her local area of Upper Peninsula Michigan using a dual approach. She coordinated and implemented archaeology education activities in four local elementary schools during summer school, on a weekly basis, and developed and led an archaeology summer camp for children in conjunction with a local chapter of the 4-H Club. Teaching methods and activities varied between the two approaches; however, object handling was a key component of every lesson. Activities included learning about the instructor through examining objects she had brought from home, the dustbin game and skeleton game, a wastebasket excavation to learn context and stratigraphy, a mock excavation, a pot-mending activity, the creation of a museum exhibit, a “Maya Math” activity using the Maya numbering system, and a human evolution activity using replica hominid crania. Each approach presented its own challenges and rewards, but ultimately the author was able to inculcate over one hundred future stewards of our cultural heritage.

  19. Associations among measures of energy balance related behaviors and psychosocial determinants in urban upper elementary school children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bandelli, Lorraine N; Gray, Heewon Lee; Paul, Rachel C; Contento, Isobel R; Koch, Pamela A

    2017-01-01

    Childhood obesity prevention is a pressing issue. Understanding the relationships among eating and physical activity behaviors and potential psychosocial determinants of behavior will help us design more effective interventions. This study aimed to examine such relationships in a large sample of urban elementary school children. Fifth grade students in 20 recruited New York City public schools completed a validated questionnaire on six "do more" (fruits and vegetables and physical activity) and "do less" (sweetened beverages, processed packaged snacks, fast food and sedentary behavior) energy balance related behaviors (EBRBs) and psychosocial determinants of behavior from social cognitive and self-determination theories. Correlations among behaviors and hierarchical linear model analyses of the relationship between psychosocial determinants and behaviors were conducted for those with complete data (n = 952). The "do more" and the "do less" behaviors were significantly correlated within categories (p food-related behaviors were correlated with physical activity but so were sports drinks, while the "do less" food-related behaviors tended to be correlated to sedentary behavior (p intention. Interventions can address the healthy and less healthy clusters of behaviors together, focusing on strategies to enhance their self-efficacy and habit strength for the "do more" behaviors and outcome expectations to motivate intention to choose fewer "do less" behaviors, along with enhancing self-efficacy and habit. Research can examine these determinants as potential mediators of change in intervention. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  20. Different habitus: different strategies in teaching physics? Relationships between teachers' social, economic and cultural capital and strategies in teaching physics in upper secondary school

    Science.gov (United States)

    Engström, Susanne; Carlhed, Carina

    2014-09-01

    With environmental awareness in the societies of today, political steering documents emphasize that all education should include sustainable development. But it seems to be others competing ideals for teaching physics, or why do the physics teachers teach as they do? Physics teachers in secondary school in Sweden have generally, been focused on facts and a strong link with scientific theories and concepts. In general, the curriculum sway the teaching, a standard text book in physics is used, the teaching is organized according to the book and the teacher deals with and demonstrates typical tasks on the whiteboard and group work is common for special issues related to tasks from the textbook or elaborating. The aim with this study is to analyze why physics teachers in upper secondary school choose to teach energy as they do. Data emerging from a questionnaire focused on indicators of the teachers' cultural and economic assets, or capital, according to the work of Pierre Bourdieu's sociology. Especially his concept on life styles and habitus provide a tool for analysis. We focus on physics teachers' positions in the social space, dispositions and standpoints towards the ideal way to teach physics in upper secondary school (n = 268). Our response rate is 29 % and due to the low response rate a non response bias analysis was made. In our analysis we primarily sought for groups, with a cluster analysis based on the teaching practice, revealed common features for both what and how they teach and three different teaching types emerged. Then we reconstructed the group habitus of the teachers by analyzing dispositions and standpoints and related those to the specific polarization of sacred values, that is struggles about the natural order (doxa) in the social space of science education, which is a part of and has boundaries to dominating fields like the natural sciences and the political fields (curriculum etc.). Three teacher-groups' habituses are described and analyzed

  1. Diacronía y sincronía del contacto lingüístico en Patagonia sur

    OpenAIRE

    Virkel, Ana Ester

    2012-01-01

    Desde su integración al Estado argentino, la región patagónica fue receptora de inmigrantes de muy diversas procedencias, quienes, integrándose con las etnias aborígenes preexistentes, configuraron un contexto multiétnico y multicultural, con la consiguiente diversidad lingüística. El propósito de este trabajo es trazar un esquemático itinerario a través de la historia lingüística de Chubut, Patagonia sur, focalizando el interés en una serie de procesos migratorios que impactan de modo sus...

  2. O campo da Lingüística Documentária

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria de Fátima Gonçalves Moreira Tálamo

    Full Text Available Proposição do campo da Lingüística Documentária cuja função primordial é a de estabelecer parâmetros e modelos de elaboração de códigos para o processamento da informação - construção e recuperação - com o objetivo de responder à questão, nuclear da área de Ciência da Informação, relacionada à transformação de conteúdos registrados em elementos estruturados. Para isso, enfatizam-se, tanto os traços que relacionam este campo à revolução lingüística em curso desde o século 20, como as interfaces que tal campo mantém com as disciplinas que abordam a linguagem sob os aspectos sintático, semântico, conceitual e comunicacional, definindo-se seus problemas específicos bem como discutindo seus vértices conceituais.

  3. 俳倡优伶辨略%Relationship and differences among Pai, Chang, You and Ling

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黎国韬

    2011-01-01

    According to literature, Ling and You came into being in the Spring and Autumn Period, while Pai and Chang appeared in the Warring States Period. As to the performance function, Chang was in charge of singing and Ling making musical instrument and music rule. Both Pai and Chang were in charge of dance, but their duties had slight differences. The emergence of the four types of musicians was due to the social background of great revolution of the Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring States Period.%据文献记载,伶和优大致产生于春秋时代,俳和倡大致产生于战国时代,其出现有先后之别。从表演功能方面看,他们最初也颇有不同,倡主要是司唱,伶主要是司造乐器及掌管乐律,俳与倡虽同样司舞,但亦有细微的区别。此四者的出现,还与春秋战国时期大变革的社会背景有一定关系。

  4. Does Parental Educational Level Predict Drop-Out from Upper Secondary School for 16- to 24-Year-Olds when Basic Skills Are Accounted For? A Cross Country Comparison

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lundetrae, Kjersti

    2011-01-01

    Drop-out from upper secondary school is considered a widespread problem, closely connected with youth unemployment. The aim of the current study was to examine whether parents' level of education predicted drop-out for 16-24-year-olds when accounting for basic skills. For this purpose, data from the Norwegian (n = 996) and American (n = 641)…

  5. La lingüística cognitiva y la lingüística aplicada a una ciencia para la comunicación transdisciplinar

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    Flor Ángela Tobón Marulanda

    Full Text Available Se presentan los resultados de una investigación cualitativa hermenéutica sobre la lingüística cognitiva y la lingüística aplicada, relacionadas con otras ciencias en un contexto específico de la comunidad científica especializada. Desde una visión integral y holística de las ciencias biomédicas y humanas, asimismo, se estudian los lenguajes técnico-científicos de la ciencia y de la tecnología para facilitar la interrelación cognitiva entre las diferentes disciplinas. Este estudio permite crear capacidades para evaluar el acervo léxico en contexto, útil para la transmisión y la transformación del conocimiento en un lenguaje propio acorde a la exigencia del método científico. El objetivo consistió en indagar sobre la relación de la unidad léxica con su nexo cognitivo a una unidad terminológica de uso cotidiano en la información y en la comunicación académica de la práctica médico-legal forense. Los resultados establecen diferencia y precisan cierta comprensión de la significación de unidades léxicas ambiguas de mayor relevancia y frecuencia, utilizadas en este ámbito del conocimiento, en cuatro categorías de análisis; según las características propias de la disciplina en dialogo con otras ciencias en contexto. Se evidencia la importancia de educar durante el proceso enseñanza-aprendizaje significativo de la disciplina en contexto, desde la metalingüística del objeto de estudio dimensionado y relacionado con otros objetos de estudio, que permita el proceso cognitivo del lenguaje técnico-científico transdisciplinar, la apropiación social y la circulación del conocimiento aplicado a las prácticas médico legales integrales en relación entre la Psicofarmacología, la Psiquiatría, la Antropología y la Psicología, con las ciencias biomédicas y humanas.

  6. Actitudes Lingüísticas en Guatemala. Creencias y actitudes lingüísticas respecto al español de los chapines capitalinos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Luisa Acevedo

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Resumen Este artículo analiza las actitudes lingüísticas de hablantes nativos de español de la Ciudad de Guatemala, hacia al español del país y el de los otros países hispanohablantes. El artículo es parte de los resultados del Proyecto LIAS (Linguistic Identity and Attitudes in Spanish-speaking Latin America, financiado por El Consejo Noruego de Investigación (RCN. La recolección de los datos se realizó en la capital del país, entrevistando una muestra de 402 personas, previamente estratificada con las variables de edad, sexo y nivel socioeconómico. En el artículo se presentan las actitudes cognitivas y afectivas de los guatemaltecos hacia las variantes de la lengua española en el ámbito nacional y en el de los demás países hispanohablantes; asimismo se presentan las opiniones y preferencias de los entrevistados sobre el uso de la lengua de los medios de comunicación en el país y sobre la unidad y la corrección lingüísticas. Abstract This article analyzes the linguistic attitudes of native Spanish speakers from Guatemala City towards Spanish spoken in the country and in the other Spanish-speaking countries. The article is a result of the LIAS-Project (Linguistic Identity and Attitudes in Spanish-speaking Latin America, funded by The Research Council of Norway (RCN. The data were gathered in the capital, interviewing a stratified sample of 402 respondents, based on the variables of age, sex and socioeconomic status. This article presents Guatemalans' cognitive and affective attitudes towards different Spanish varieties in the country and in the other Spanish-speaking countries. Their opinions and preferences are also described regarding the use of language in the media, and about language unity and linguistic correctness.

  7. Actitudes lingüísticas en México. Entre el chovinismo y el malinchismo

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    Sonia Morett

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Resumen Este artículo analiza las actitudes lingüísticas de hablantes nativos de español de la Ciudad de México, hacia al español del país y el de los otros países hispanohablantes. El artículo hace parte de los resultados del Proyecto LIAS (Linguistic Identity and Attitudes in Spanish-speaking Latin America, financiado por El Consejo Noruego de Investigación (RCN. La recolección de los datos se realizó en la capital del país, entrevistando una muestra de 400 informantes previamente estratificada con las variables de edad, sexo y nivel socioeconómico sobre sus preferencias y opiniones de las variantes dialectales mexicanas y del mundo hispanohablante. El análisis identifica factores lingüísticos y extralingüísticos que devienen en percepciones cognitivas y actitudes afectivas de orgullo, aceptación, rechazo y estigmatización. Se dedicó especial atención a las creencias sobre la corrección lingüística y al rol de los medios de comunicación en la propagación de estereotipos. En relación con investigaciones precedentes, la española y la mexicana se mantuvieron como las variantes más prestigiosas, aunque en varios aspectos se registró una mayor autoestima lingüística y, al mismo tiempo, una creciente conciencia y aceptación hacia la diversidad intralingüística y cultural, especialmente hacia las hablas de otros países hispanohablantes. Se concluye que las creencias sobre los grupos sociales se encuentran en la base de las actitudes lingüísticas, antes que los criterios inherentes al lenguaje. Abstract This article analyzes the linguistic attitudes of native Spanish speakers from Mexico City, towards Spanish spoken in the country, and in the other Spanish-speaking countries. It is a result of the LIAS-Project (Linguistic Identity and Attitudes in Spanish-speaking Latin America, funded by The Research Council of Norway. The data were gathered in the capital of the country, interviewing a stratified sample of 400

  8. Eating habits, physical activity, nutrition knowledge, and self-efficacy by obesity status in upper-grade elementary school students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ha, Seong Ah; Lee, Seo Yeon; Kim, Kyung A; Seo, Jung Sook; Sohn, Cheong Min; Park, Hae Ryun; Kim, Kyung Won

    2016-12-01

    Childhood obesity has increased in recent decades in Korea. This study was designed to examine differences in the eating habits, physical activity (PA), nutrition knowledge, and self-efficacy of children by obesity status. Subjects were 5th-grade children from 70 elementary schools in 17 cities nationwide. Two-stage stratified cluster sampling was employed. Survey questionnaire included items related to general characteristics, eating habits, PA, nutrition knowledge and self-efficacy. Excluding incomplete responses, 3,531 data were analyzed using SPSS. Subjects were categorized into overweight·obesity (OW) and normal weight (NW) groups based on body mass index percentiles for age by sex. A total of 21.5% of subjects was overweight or obese. There were significant differences in gender, perceived stress, perception of body shape, body satisfaction, and interest in weight control between the OW and NW groups ( P eating habits, the OW group ate breakfast ( P eating habits, PA, and self-efficacy between OW and NW children. Obesity management programs for children need to focus on increasing self-efficacy, modifying eating habits, and increasing PA.

  9. The role of motivation and system of values in the development of upper secondary school pupils' personalities.

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    Vartanova I.I.

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The motivation system in adolescent high school pupilsstudents of was studied (9th and 11th grade students on the basis of a complex approach and a comparative analysis of emotional attitudes and a deliberate preference of values (general and educational. It was shown that the significance and accessibility of analyzed groups of values are, to a considerable extent, determined by a dominant motivation. Also, a tendency was found towards the contra-positioning of conscious and emotional attitudes with values — values which are highly attractive on the motivation-and-emotional level, but on the level of conscience, are underestimated compared with other ones. This also determines the further trend of development of a personality in the direction of acceptance of sociallyapproved general and educational values, and leads to the convergence of personality development of schoolchildren at that stage of their life. Also revealed were certain gender- related features of value orientations, which were relatinged to the more advanced development of girls when compared to boys of the same age.

  10. Effects of socioscientific issues-based instruction on argumentation ability and biology concepts of upper secondary school students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faelt, Surasak; Samiphak, Sara; Pattaradilokrat, Sittiporn

    2018-01-01

    Argumentation skill is an essential skill needed in students, and one of the competencies in scientific literacy. Through arguing on socioscientific issues, students may gain deeper conceptual understanding. The purpose of this research is to examine the efficacy of a socioscientific issues-based instruction compared with an inquirybased instruction. This is to determine which one is better in promoting 10th grade students' argumentation ability and biology concepts of digestive system and cellular respiration. The forty 10th grade students included in this study were from two mathematics-science program classes in a medium-sized secondary school located in a suburb of Buriram province, Thailand. The research utilizes a quasi-experimental design; pre-test post-test control group design. We developed and implemented 4 lesson plans for both socioscientific issues-based instruction and inquiry-based instruction. Ten weeks were used to collect the data. A paper-based questionnaire and informal interviews were designed to test students' argumentation ability, and the two-tier multiple-choice test was designed to test their biology concepts. This research explore qualitatively and quantitatively students' argumentation abilities and biology concepts, using arithmetic mean, mean of percentage, standard deviation and t-test. Results show that there is no significant difference between the two group regarding mean scores of the argumentation ability. However, there is significant difference between the two groups regarding mean scores of the biology concepts. This suggests that socioscientific issues-based instruction could be used to improve students' biology concepts.

  11. An abundance estimate of ling ( Molva molva ) and cod ( Gadus morhua ) in the Skagerrak and the northeastern North Sea, 1872

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Poulsen, R.T.; Cooper, A.B.; Holm, P.

    2007-01-01

    that long-term, historical abundance estimates are relevant to the determination of biomass reference points in fisheries management. Situated within the field of historical ecology, this paper presents findings on the abundance of ling and cod in 1872. Calculations are based on historical CPUE and catch...

  12. El debate Santos – Zuluaga, el uso de formas y secuencias recurrentes como mecanismos lingüístico-discursivos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bayter Henry Hernández

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Nos proponemos analizar los mecanismos lingüístico-discursivos movilizados por los dos candidatos a las últimas elecciones colombianas de 2014. Nuestro objetivo es poner de manifiesto las diferentes estructuras discursivas utilizadas por los dos candidatos durante el debate entre la primera y la segunda vuelta del 9 de junio de 2014.

  13. ¿Qué es un déficit lingüístico?

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    Montserrat Veyrat Rigat

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 21 false false false ES X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Tabla normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin-top:0cm; mso-para-margin-right:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:10.0pt; mso-para-margin-left:0cm; line-height:115%; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} El punto de partida para nuestras reflexiones es la aportación del sistema lingüístico al ser humano: por una parte, la capacidad de convertir los datos analógicos y originarios que le llegan de su experiencia con la naturaleza en datos digitalizados y formalizados. Esto le permite anclarse en el mundo utilizando para ello un código lingüístico  determinado. Por otra parte, el lenguaje le confiere al mismo tiempo la capacidad para liberarse y ser creativo, como se patentiza en la creación poética, metafórica, Irónica . sin que ello suponga en ningun caso anomalía en su conducta, lingüística o de otro tipo. En el equilibrio de estas dos funciones que le atribuimos al lenguaje encontramos la "normalidad" del sistema cualquier desestabilización incontrolada en dicha nivelación funcional podría contemplarse como un déficit del lenguaje. También hemos considerado la estrecha relación entre los procesos de adquisición y aprendizaje y este aspecto funcional del lenguaje

  14. Competencia lingüística del alumnado inmigrante en un contexto bilingüe

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    José Luis Navarro

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Es bien conocida la relevancia que en los últimos años está teniendo el fenómeno de la inmigración en Cataluña (España. En consecuencia, nuestras escuelas se han transformado en centros donde la pluralidad étnica, religiosa, cultural y lingüística es cada día más evidente. Pero, a diferencia de otros territorios del Estado español, una de las características fundamentales de nuestro Sistema Educativo es su organización bajo los parámetros de la educación bilingüe. De esta manera, además de un profundo dominio del catalán, lengua propia de Cataluña y lengua usada como vehicular y de aprendizaje en la enseñanza, se persigue un buen conocimiento de la lengua castellana. En este contexto, diferentes estudios llevados a cabo en países con larga tradición en la recepción de inmigrantes, así como los escasos trabajos desarrollados en Cataluña y en el Estado español, ponen en evidencia el papel clave del dominio de la lengua de la escuela tanto de cara a garantizar el éxito escolar como para la integración y la cohesión social.Con este marco de fondo, nos situamos en el caso del Instituto de Educación Secundaria (IES de Guissona, en la comarca de la Segarra (Cataluña, donde por circunstancias diversas el fenómeno migratorio ha sido muy importante a lo largo de la última década. El objetivo de nuestra investigación es el análisis de las competencias lingüísticas del alumnado de dicho centro, tomando como referencia el nivel de competencia lingüística de sus iguales autóctonos. En concreto, a partir de una muestra de 28 niños y niñas inmigrantes que fueron comparados con un grupo de 93 escolares autóctonos de su misma edad y nivel escolar, nuestro trabajo analiza el desarrollo de diferentes habilidades en lengua catalana y castellana.

  15. Actitudes lingüísticas en Cuba. Cambios positivos hacia la variante nacional de lengua

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    Roxana Sobrino Triana

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Resumen Este artículo analiza las actitudes lingüísticas de hablantes nativos de español de La Habana, frente al español de Cuba y hacia el español de los otros países hispanohablantes. El artículo es parte de los resultados del Proyecto LIAS (Linguistic Identity and Attitudes in Spanish-speaking Latin America, financiado por El Consejo Noruego de Investigación (RCN. La recolección de los datos se realizó en la capital del país, entrevistando a una muestra de 400 informantes, estratificada con las variables de edad, sexo y nivel socioeconómico. El análisis está centrado en las denominaciones dadas a la lengua española, las percepciones cognitivo-lingüísticas y las actitudes, tanto positivas como negativas, que manifiestan los informantes hacia su variedad nacional y el resto de los países hispanohablantes, así como las opiniones sobre corrección y unidad lingüísticas. Entre los resultados obtenidos destaca la valoración positiva hacia la variante cubana, en relación con investigaciones anteriores. El estudio contribuye a actualizar el panorama sobre actitudes en Cuba y se suma a la serie de trabajos, que con una metodología común, se han realizado en el mundo hispánico dentro del proyecto LIAS. Abstract This article analyzes the linguistic attitudes of native Spanish speakers from Havana, towards Spanish spoken in Cuba and in the other Spanish-speaking countries. It is a result of the LIAS-Project (Linguistic Identity and Attitudes in Spanish-speaking Latin America, funded by The Research Council of Norway (RCN. The data were gathered in the capital of the country, interviewing a stratified sample of 400 respondents based on the variables of age, sex and socioeconomic status. The analysis addresses several issues, such as the various names given to the Spanish language in Cuba, the cognitive linguistic perceptions and the positive and negative attitudes of Cuban speakers towards Spanish, as well as their opinions

  16. Una mirada hacia las actitudes lingüísticas en Puerto Rico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carla M. Mojica De León

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Resumen Este artículo analiza las actitudes lingüísticas de hablantes nativos de español de San Juan de Puerto Rico hacia al español del país y el de los otros países hispanohablantes. El artículo es parte de los resultados del Proyecto LIAS (Linguistic Identity and Attitudes in Spanish-speaking Latin America, financiado por El Consejo Noruego de Investigación (RCN. La recolección de los datos se realizó en la capital del país, entrevistando a una muestra de 400 personas estratificada con las variables de edad, sexo y nivel socioeconómico. Se presentan los resultados que revelan las actitudes lingüísticas de los puertorriqueños hacia su español, las diversas creencias cognitivas y afectivas que las motivan y la percepción que muestran hacia el resto de las variedades del español. Nuestros hallazgos revelan que los puertorriqueños presentan una actitud positiva hacia su variedad y la variante peninsular, aunque rechazan algunos fenómenos lingüísticos de ambos dialectos. Se constata, además, que el habla de los grupos migratorios, representada en nuestro caso por la variedad dominicana, se percibe con menos prestigio. Abstract This article analyzes the linguistic attitudes of native Spanish speakers from San Juan de Puerto Rico towards Spanish spoken in the country and in the other Spanish-speaking countries. It is a result of the LIAS-Project (Linguistic Identity and Attitudes in Spanish-speaking Latin America, funded by The Research Council of Norway (RCN. The data were gathered in the capital, interviewing a stratified sample of 400 respondents, based on the variables of age, sex and socioeconomic status. The results of the study reveal the linguistic attitudes of Puerto Ricans toward their variety of Spanish, their cognitive and affective beliefs, and the perception they have of the other varieties of the Spanish language. Our findings confirm that Puerto Ricans have positive attitudes towards their own variety and the

  17. Choices and changes: Eccles' Expectancy-Value model and upper-secondary school students' longitudinal reflections about their choice of a STEM education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lykkegaard, Eva; Ulriksen, Lars

    2016-03-01

    During the past 30 years, Eccles' comprehensive social-psychological Expectancy-Value Model of Motivated Behavioural Choices (EV-MBC model) has been proven suitable for studying educational choices related to Science, Technology, Engineering and/or Mathematics (STEM). The reflections of 15 students in their last year in upper-secondary school concerning their choice of tertiary education were examined using quantitative EV-MBC surveys and repeated qualitative interviews. This article presents the analyses of three cases in detail. The analytical focus was whether the factors indicated in the EV-MBC model could be used to detect significant changes in the students' educational choice processes. An important finding was that the quantitative EV-MBC surveys and the qualitative interviews gave quite different results concerning the students' considerations about the choice of tertiary education, and that significant changes in the students' reflections were not captured by the factors of the EV-MBC model. This questions the validity of the EV-MBC surveys. Moreover, the quantitative factors from the EV-MBC model did not sufficiently explain students' dynamical educational choice processes where students in parallel considered several different potential educational trajectories. We therefore call for further studies of the EV-MBC model's use in describing longitudinal choice processes and especially in investigating significant changes.

  18. O curso de lingüística geral: apontamentos de uma leitura da análise do discurso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vanice Maria Oliveira Sargentini

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available Leitor atento do Curso de Lingüística Geral, Michel Pêcheux, do mirante da ciência das formações sociais, procura encontrar as contradições do pensamento saussuriano para propor um conjunto de questões para a Lingüística, intervindo em seus domínios e objetos. Uma dessas contradições pode ser evidenciada no conceito saussuriano de analogia. Para Pêcheux, embora Saussure tenha se esforçado para ligar a analogia à lingua, é possível evidenciar que a 'fala' saussuriana traz novamente à tona a problemática do sujeito. Com objetivo de negar e, ao mesmo tempo, superar esse antropologismo psicologista veiculado pelo conceito saussuriano de fala, Pêcheux, entendendo que o sistema lingüístico é dotado de uma autonomia relativa em relação ao seu exterior— as classes sociais —propõe a noção de processo discursivo. Essa noção daria coita de explicar como as palavras mudam de sentido segundo as posições sustentadas por aqueles que as empregam. Nosso objetivo é refletir sobre a negação e a superação operadas por Pêcheux em relação à leitura de uma das recepções do Curso de Lingüística Geral de Saussure, evidenciando que tal gesto relaciona-se mais com o projeto politico da Análise do Discurso do que efetivamente com os escritos saussurianos presentes no Curso de Lingüística Geral.

  19. Caos, complexidade e Lingüística Aplicada: diálogos transdisciplinares

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antônio Carlos Soares Martins

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Neste texto, apresentamos um panorama de estudos na área da Lingüística Aplicada que discutem questões relativas ao processo de desenvolvimento de segunda língua, bem como aspectos relacionados aos ambientes interacionais de aprendizagem na perspectiva das teorias do Caos e Complexidade. Para isso, discutimos as principais noções da perspectiva da complexidade, retomando alguns aspectos da física clássica e contemporânea.In this paper, we present a panorama of studies in the area of Applied Linguistics that discuss questions regarding second language development as well as aspects related to interactional learning environments in the light of Chaos and Complexity theories. To accomplish this, we discuss the main notions of complexity through the rethinking of some aspects of classic and contemporary physics.

  20. La cortesía lingüística en la publicidad editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hernández Asunción Escribano

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Todas las estrategias corteses que refuerzan la imagen o el territorio de los dos polos del proceso comunicativo, emisor y receptor, o que mitigan la vulneración de ambos, se ponen en la retórica publicitaria editorial al servicio de la venta de los productos editoriales y librescos. La cortesía es recurrida, por tanto, en este ámbito comercial como modo de acercamiento al posible comprador mediante los refuerzos valorizantes de la imagen y del territorio, propios o ajenos, y atenuadores, en el caso de los actos descorteses. En este estudio nos acercamos a ocho maneras en las que la retórica editorial recurre a la cortesía para conseguir incrementar sus ventas mediante los usos lingüísticos intensificadores o mitigadores con los que las editoriales construyen y proyectan su mejor identidad.

  1. A liderança como intersubjetividade lingüística

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Javier Uribe Rivera

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo traz uma síntese de várias concepções de liderança e seu objetivo é destacar a importância crescente da visão do líder como instância da aprendizagem organizacional, de base coletiva, e coordenador de processos de comunicação lingüística cujo telos é o consenso sobre a imagem, a estrutura e a dinâmica de funcionamento das organizações. Sustentamos que, além de capacidades de análise estratégica, o líder deve desenvolver competências comunicativas e apoiar a mudança para gerir com mais eficácia as relações intersubjetivas dos atores organizacionais, tornando a organização competente.

  2. Technical improvement of ATE system of Ling'ao Nuclear Power Plant Phase II

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhu Xingbao; Xiong Jingchuan; Liang Qiaohong

    2009-01-01

    In order to solve the problem that the content of SO 4 2- in Steam Generator significantly increased beyond the criteria after the use of the condensate treatment (ATE) system in Daya Bay Nuclear Power Plant and Ling'ao Nuclear Power Plant Phase I, technical improvement have been conducted on the sizes of the fore cation bed and the mixed bed, water distributing devices, ion exchange resins and separation facility. The effectiveness for the ion exchange of the mixed bed is improved, the resolved substance of cation resin is decreased; it is more impossible for fragments and powder which would lead high SO 4 2- content in Steam Generator. Finally, the quality of the steam-water could be improved and ensured. (authors)

  3. Problemas psicologicos en la comunicacion lingüistica en el Perú

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raúl Gonzales Moreyra

    1983-06-01

    Full Text Available Sustentándose en una hipótesis socio-lingüística de Alberto Escobar sobre la existencia de siete formas dialectales del español en el Perú, sehan explorado siete grupos representativos de dichos dialectos en áreas psicolingüísticas relacionadas con la percepción y producción delhabla, la memoria, las asociaciones verbales, la lectura de la redundancia. El autor halló que a las formas dialectales corresponden procesos psicológicos estadísticamente diferenciados que muestran pérdidas en el tratamiento de la información proveniente de una fuente que se expresa en la norma culta limeña. Se discute, además de los aspectos comunicacionales y psicológicos,algunas implicancias sociales y pedagógicas de estos hechos.

  4. L'antropologia lingüística : etnografia i conceptes

    OpenAIRE

    Argenter, Joan A. (Joan Albert)

    2011-01-01

    Entenent que la recerca etnogràfica és pròpia de l'antropologia lingüística, l'article se centra en els treballs que n'han fet un ús metodològic i heurístic. Des d'un punt de vista conceptual s'aborden els conceptes de significat social, comunitat i context, i també la funció de la indexicalitat, en particular la no referencial. A continuació, s'identifiquen diversos fenòmens estudiats per la sociolingüística catalana sota aquest patró i se'n destaquen contribucions significatives en...

  5. Las actitudes lingüísticas en el español de San José, Costa Rica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Annette Calvo Shadid

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Resumen Este artículo analiza las actitudes lingüísticas de hablantes nativos de español de cuatro distritos de la capital, San José, frente al español Costa Rica y el español de los otros países hispanohablantes. La presente investigación constituye un estudio sociolingüístico cuantitativo y es parte de los resultados del Proyecto LIAS (Linguistic Identity and attitudes in Spanish-speaking Latin America, financiado por El Consejo Noruego de Investigación (RCN. La recolección de los datos se realizó en la capital del país, entrevistando a una muestra de 404 informantes estratificada con las variables de edad, sexo y nivel socioeconómico. En el artículo se abordan las actitudes lingüísticas desde tres tipos de percepciones, a saber, percepciones cognitivo-lingüísticas y actitudes afectivas sobre el español nacional, opiniones sobre la corrección lingüística y los medios de comunicación y sobre la unidad o diversidad del español; percepciones cognitivo-lingüísticas sobre el español de los otros países, y actitudes afectivas y preferencias por otras variedades lingüísticas del idioma. Abstract This article analyzes the linguistic attitudes of Spanish speakers from four districts of the capital, San José, towards Spanish spoken in Costa Rica and in the other Spanish-speaking countries. It is based on a quantitative sociolinguistic study and is a result of the LIAS-Project (Linguistic Identity and attitudes in Spanish-speaking Latin America, funded by The Research Council of Norway (RCN. The data were gathered in the capital of the country, interviewing a stratified sample of 404 respondents based on the variables of age, sex and socioeconomic status. The linguistic attitudes are studied from three types of perceptions, namely, cognitive-linguistic perceptions and affective attitudes on national Spanish, opinions about the linguistic correction and the media, and about the unity or diversity of the Spanish language

  6. El aprendizaje integrado de la lengua española y los contenidos de áreas no lingüísticas en los proyectos lingüísticos de centro

    OpenAIRE

    Gómez Camacho, Alejandro

    2013-01-01

    La generalización de los proyectos lingüísticos de centro implica una profunda revisión en la práctica didáctica en la lengua de instrucción para adecuarla a la nueva realidad de los programas de bilingüismo. Este artículo ofrece una propuesta concreta para incorporar la lengua española a la metodología que integra el aprendizaje de contenidos no lingüísticos y lenguas; en ámbitos como la ortografía, el trabajo sobre los géneros textuales y la comprensión lectora de textos d...

  7. Actitudes lingüísticas hacia el castellano en Bolivia. Entre la fidelidad y la conciencia lingüística

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Juana Aguilar

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Resumen Este artículo analiza las actitudes lingüísticas de hablantes nativos de español de la ciudad de La Paz, hacia al español de Bolivia y el español de los otros países hispanohablantes. El artículo es parte de los resultados del Proyecto LIAS (Linguistic Identity and Attitudes in Spanish-speaking Latin America, financiado por El Consejo Noruego de Investigación (RCN. La recolección de los datos se realizó en La Paz, entrevistando a una muestra de 400 informantes estratificada con las variables de edad, sexo y nivel socioeconómico. En análisis muestra, en general, una actitud positiva de parte de los hablantes bolivianos hacia su propia variedad de habla española. Se concluye también que los entrevistados son conscientes de que existen diversas variantes del español, no solamente dentro de su país, sino también fuera de este, las cuales reconocen como diferentes entre sí y las que no perciben como incorrectas o correctas, mejores o peores que otras. Abstract This article analyzes the linguistic attitudes of native Spanish speakers from La Paz, towards Spanish spoken in Bolivia and in the other Spanish-speaking countries. It is a result of the LIAS-Project (Linguistic Identity and attitudes in Spanish-speaking Latin America, funded by The Research Council of Norway (RCN. The data were gathered in La Paz, interviewing a stratified sample of 400 respondents based on the variables of age, sex and socioeconomic status. The analysis shows, in general, that Spanish speakers in Bolivia have a positive attitude towards their own variety of the language. It is also shown that the interviewees are aware that there are other varieties of the Spanish language, not only in their country, but also in the other Spanish-speaking countries. They do not characterize these varieties as incorrect or correct, better or worse, but only consider them as different from the others.

  8. Actitudes lingüísticas en Paraguay. Identidad lingüística de los hablantes de lengua materna castellana en Asunción

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Beatriz Chiquito

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Resumen Este artículo analiza las actitudes lingüísticas de hablantes nativos de español de la Ciudad de Asunción, hacia el español del Paraguay y el de los otros países hispanohablantes. El artículo hace parte de los resultados del Proyecto LIAS (Linguistic Identity and Attitudes in Spanish-speaking Latin America, financiado por El Consejo Noruego de Investigación (RCN. La recolección de los datos se realizó en la capital del país, entrevistando a una muestra de 400 informantes estratificada con las variables de edad, sexo y nivel socioeconómico. El artículo resalta la particularidad del bilingüismo del país y la situación de diglosia entre el guaraní y el castellano; el mayor prestigio del castellano de Asunción frente al habla de las ciudades fronterizas con Brasil y Argentina, en las cuales se hablan el portugués brasileño, el guaraní y el español argentino, además del español paraguayo. Los resultados del estudio confirman el prestigio del castellano, cuyo papel oficial se mantiene, a pesar del creciente prestigio del guaraní, impulsado por las nuevas leyes de educación bilingüe y el establecimiento de la Academia de la Lengua Guaraní. Abstract This article analyzes the linguistic attitudes of native Spanish speakers of Asunción, towards Spanish spoken in Paraguay and in the other Spanish-speaking countries. It is a result of the LIAS-Project (Linguistic Identity and Attitudes in Spanish-speaking Latin America, funded by The Research Council of Norway (RCN. The data were gathered in the capital of the country, interviewing a stratified sample of 400 respondents, based on the variables of age, sex and socioeconomic status. The article highlights the special situation of bilingualism in the country and the diglosic relationship between Guarani and Spanish; the higher prestige of the Spanish variety spoken in Asunción, compared to the ones spoken in the Paraguayan cities on the border with Brazil and Argentina

  9. Actitudes lingüísticas en República Dominicana. Conciencia e identidad lingüísticas en la ciudad de Santo Domingo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Glennys Miguelina Serverino Cerda

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Resumen Este artículo analiza las actitudes lingüísticas de hablantes nativos de español de la ciudad de Santo Domingo hacia al español de la República Dominicana y el de los otros países hispanohablantes. El artículo es parte de los resultados del Proyecto LIAS (Linguistic Identity and Attitudes in Spanish-speaking Latin America, financiado por El Consejo Noruego de Investigación (RCN. La recolección de los datos se realizó en la capital del país, entrevistando a una muestra de 401 personas, estratificada con las variables de edad, sexo y nivel socioeconómico. Los resultados muestran el nivel de identificación que tienen los dominicanos sobre su dialecto, el cual es bajo, ya que solo se prefiere ante circunstancias especiales justificadas por la necesidad de comunicarse y de que el mensaje llegue correctamente. Asimismo se observa que los capitalinos prefieren la propia variante de español y luego las de España, Colombia y Venezuela, pero también se identifican con el habla de los países caribeños vecinos, especialmente con el habla cubana. Abstract This article analyzes the linguistic attitudes of native Spanish-speakers from Santo Domingo towards Spanish spoken in the Dominican Republic and in the other Spanish-speaking countries. It is a result of the LIAS-Project (Linguistic Identity and Attitudes in Spanish-speaking Latin America, funded by The Research Council of Norway (RCN. The data were gathered in the capital, interviewing a stratified sample of 401 respondents, based on the variables of age, sex and socioeconomic status. The results demonstrate the limited extent to which Dominicans identify with their dialect, as they prefer it only under particular circumstances justified by the necessity of communicating and in order to make sure to get the message correctly across. Similarly the observation was made that people from the capital prefer their own variant of Spanish and thereafter those of Spain, Colombia and

  10. Human Reliability analysis for digitized nuclear power plants: Case study on the LingAo II nuclear power plant

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zou, Yan Hua; Zhang, Li [Institute of Human Factors Engineering AND Safety Management, Hunan Institute of Technology, Hengyang (China); Dai, Cao; Li, Peng Cheng; Qing, Tao [Human Factors Institute, University of South China, Hengyang (China)

    2017-03-15

    The main control room (MCR) in advanced nuclear power plants (NPPs) has changed from analog to digital control system (DCS). Operation and control have become more automated, centralized, and accurate due to the digitalization of NPPs, which has improved the efficiency and security of the system. New issues associated with human reliability inevitably arise due to the adoption of new accident procedures and digitalization of main control rooms in NPPs. The LingAo II NPP is the first digital NPP in China to apply the state-oriented procedure. In order to address issues related to human reliability analysis for DCS and DCS + state-oriented procedure, the Hunan Institute of Technology conducted a research project based on a cooperative agreement with the LingDong Nuclear Power Co. Ltd. This paper is a brief introduction to the project.

  11. Lingüística aplicada e o ensino de línguas estrangeiras no Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Robert Schmitz

    2001-02-01

    Full Text Available

    Procura-se neste trabalho apresentar um esboço de Lingüística Aplicada e o Ensino de Línguas Estrangeiras no mundo e também no Brasil. Conclui-se que a disciplina está em pleno desenvolvimento com contribuições pertinentes para o ensino e aprendizagem de línguas, além de outras áreas de conhecimento tais como língua pátria, ensino bilíngüe, tradução, alfabetização e letramento. Destaca-se no artigo o estado da arte em Lingüística Aplicada no Brasil que atinge no momento, especialmente no campo de ensino de línguas estrangeiras, a sua maturidade após vinte anos de atividade.

  12. Analysis of direct containment heating in Ling'ao-2 nuclear power plant model With FCI-CMFD software

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wang Xi; Yang Yanhua; Huang Xi

    2010-01-01

    Ling'ao 2 Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) model was established in the paper. Three dimensional numerical calculation code MC3D was used for analyzing the potential direct containment heating (DCH) accident in the model. MC3D is a special software for fuel coolant interaction (FCI) analysis. In order to predict the accident accurately, initial conditions provided by the SBO accident calculation and the geometric model of Ling'ao 2 NPP were combined to simulate the process of the accident. The calculation gives temperature field, droplet Janume fraction field, velocity field, and the pressure variation in the containment in the case of accident. The result shows that DCH will cause the pressure rising rapidly in the containment and in some local areas temperature rises too. (authors)

  13. Human Reliability Analysis for Digitized Nuclear Power Plants: Case Study on the LingAo II Nuclear Power Plant

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yanhua Zou

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The main control room (MCR in advanced nuclear power plants (NPPs has changed from analog to digital control system (DCS. Operation and control have become more automated, centralized, and accurate due to the digitalization of NPPs, which has improved the efficiency and security of the system. New issues associated with human reliability inevitably arise due to the adoption of new accident procedures and digitalization of main control rooms in NPPs. The LingAo II NPP is the first digital NPP in China to apply the state-oriented procedure. In order to address issues related to human reliability analysis for DCS and DCS + state-oriented procedure, the Hunan Institute of Technology conducted a research project based on a cooperative agreement with the LingDong Nuclear Power Co. Ltd. This paper is a brief introduction to the project.

  14. Actitudes lingüísticas en Uruguay. Tensiones entre la variedad y la identidad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elizabeth García de los Santos

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Resumen Este artículo analiza las actitudes lingüísticas de los hablantes nativos de español de la ciudad de Montevideo hacia al español de Uruguay y el de los otros países hispanohablantes. El artículo es parte de los resultados del Proyecto LIAS (Linguistic Identity and Attitudes in Spanish-speaking Latin America, financiado por El Consejo Noruego de Investigaciones (RCN. La recolección de los datos se realizó en la capital del país, entrevistando a una muestra de 400 informantes previamente estratificada con las variables de edad, sexo y nivel socioeconómico. Los resultados presentan el grado de identificación de los hablantes frente a su variedad del español (creencias, lealtad hacia la norma propia y las actitudes de los hablantes respecto a las variedades entendidas como de mayor o menor prestigio; se encuentran ciertas regularidades en las causas que determinan estas actitudes. El estudio analizar el grado de tolerancia a las diferencias lingüísticas de acuerdo a distintos géneros discursivos (noticias de radio y televisión, información telefónica, publicidades y los resultados muestran que el contexto y el medio de comunicación son importantes para la manera en la que el hablante reacciona al uso del lenguaje. Abstract This article analyzes the linguistic attitudes of native Spanish-speakers from Montevideo towards Spanish spoken in Uruguay and in the other Spanish-speaking countries. It is a result of the LIAS-Project (Linguistic Identity and Attitudes in Spanish-speaking Latin America, funded by The Research Council of Norway (RCN. The data were gathered in the capital of the country, interviewing a stratified sample of 400 respondents, based on the variables of age, sex and socioeconomic status. The results describe the degree of identification of the speakers with their own variety of Spanish (beliefs, loyalty to the norm and their attitudes toward linguistic varieties of high or low prestige, and the findings

  15. Actitudes lingüísticas de los hablantes de San Salvador, El Salvador

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erick Rivera Orellana

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Resumen Este artículo analiza las actitudes lingüísticas de hablantes nativos de español de la ciudad de San Salvador hacia al español de El Salvador y el de los otros países hispanohablantes. El artículo es parte de los resultados del Proyecto LIAS (Linguistic Identity and Attitudes in Spanish-speaking Latin America, financiado por El Consejo Noruego de Investigación (RCN. La recolección de los datos se realizó en la capital del país, entrevistando a una muestra de 400 personas estratificada con las variables de edad, sexo y nivel socioeconómico. Los estudios sobre actitudes lingüísticas en el país son escasos y este es el estudio que más dimensiones abarca respecto de cómo los salvadoreños que habitan en la capital se identifican con el idioma que hablan, cómo valoran o califican las formas de hablar de los habitantes de su entorno y cómo reaccionan ante formas de hablar el español en otros países, tanto de aquellos que conocen directamente como de otros con los cuales tienen una relación indirecta, principalmente a través de los medios de comunicación. Abstract This article analyzes the linguistic attitudes of native Spanish speakers from San Salvador towards Spanish spoken in El Salvador and in the other Spanish-speaking countries. It is a result of the LIAS-Project (Linguistic Identity and Attitudes in Spanish-speaking Latin America, funded by The Research Council of Norway (RCN. The data were gathered in the capital of the country, interviewing a stratified sample of 400 respondents, based on the variables of age, sex and socioeconomic status. Studies of linguistic attitudes are scarce in the country and this research study is the first one with a broad scope regarding how people living in the capital identify themselves with the way they speak; how they value or characterize the way people around them speak, and how they react to the way people speak Spanish in other countries that they know personally or through

  16. La historia lingüística andina : una visión de consenso en transformación.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Adelaar, W.F.H.; Malvestitti, M.; Dreidemie, P.

    2014-01-01

    La investigación histórica y lingüística de las lenguas andinas ha sido el objeto de un consenso relativamente general durante varias décadas. La presente contribución se propone dar un inventario de unas propuestas recientes de carácter radical, que ponen en cuestión los fundamentos de aquel

  17. Estudio del perfil lingüístico de los jóvenes que abandonan prematuramente la escuela

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Ángeles Jiménez Jiménez

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available En el abandono escolar temprano influyen muchos factores, entre ellos, la competencia comunicativa del alumnado. En Melilla2, ciudad con el índice de fracaso escolar más elevado de España, se realizó una investigación cuyo objetivo era definir el perfil personal y lingüístico del joven que abandona sus estudios antes de los 24 años. Se trabajó con una metodología mixta para unir los resultados de una encuesta realizada a estos jóvenes con la información aportada por un grupo de discusión. Los resultados atienden a: características personales, familiares, escolares y capacidades lingüísticas. Como conclusión, este perfil corresponde a una persona bereber, sin género definido, de entre 16 y 17 años, que usa el español y el “tamazight” en su vida diaria, y tiene un bajo rendimiento académico; además, el nivel de estudios y socioeconómico familiar es bajo. Respecto a sus capacidades lingüísticas, su hábito lector es muy escaso y tiene dificultades en comprensión oral.

  18. La teoría del decir: la nueva lingüística según Ortega y Gasset

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Agustin, Oscar Garcia

    2000-01-01

    estudio sincrónico de la lengua. A partir de ahí, Ortega busca el sentido de la palabra en el decir. Este proceso conlleva reflexiones sobre el uso de la lengua, que entroncan con las realizadas posteriormente por la Pragmática y la Lingüística del Texto. La lengua, como producto social, deriva en...... supuestos compartidos, en parte, por el Análisis Crítico del Discurso y, como producto individual -de la necesidad de decir-, se relaciona directamente con la filosofía del lenguaje.......En diversos artículos Ortega y Gasset sugirió la necesidad de una nueva lingüística, la teoría del decir, que sorprende por la validez y actualidad de sus apreciaciones. Partiendo de la crítica a los límites de la lingüística concebida por Saussure, rebate la dicotomía entre lengua y habla y el...

  19. The Occupational Transition Process to Upper Secondary School, Further Education and/or Work in Sweden: As Described by Young Adults with Asperger Syndrome and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baric, Vedrana Bolic; Hemmingsson, Helena; Hellberg, Kristina; Kjellberg, Anette

    2017-03-01

    The aim was to describe the occupational transition process to upper secondary school, further education and/or work, and to discover what support influences the process from the perspectives of young adults with Asperger syndrome or attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder. This qualitative study was performed in Sweden and comprised interviews with 15 young adults recruited from community based day centres. Support influencing the process included: occupational transition preparation in compulsory school, practical work experience in a safe environment, and support beyond the workplace. The overall understanding shows that the occupational transition process was a longitudinal one starting as early as in middle school, and continuing until the young adults obtained and were able to remain in employment or further education.

  20. Nuestra variedad lingüística como variedad biológica

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    Danilo Salamanca

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available El estudio se centra en señalar problemas esenciales sobre las consecuencias culturales ante la pérdida de idiomas ancestrales, en particular referido al patrimonio lingüístico indígena centroamericano. Señala algunas relaciones entre este proceso y las discusiones sobre la protección de los ecosistemas biológicos de la región, y llama la atención sobre las políticas que existen o deberían existir, para recuperar y preservar tanto el componente cultural (los idiomas como el natural. This study examines essential problems related to the cultural consequences due to the loss of ancestral languages, especially Central American Indigenous languages. It mentions relationships between this process and discussions about the protection of biological ecosystems in the region, and addresses policies that exist, or should exist, to recover and preserve both cultural (linguistic and natural components.

  1. Application of point system in the project control of Ling'ao Nuclear Power Station

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Xie ahai

    2005-01-01

    Schedule control and cost control are very complicated issues even we set up the detail schedules and engineering measurements requirements for erection of a nuclear power project. In order to solve these problems, a Point System is used in Ling Ao (LA) Nuclear Power Project. This paper introduces the method. The Point System is a measurement system of workload. The measurement unit of any erection works is a Point only. A Point of workload is defined as the equivalent measurement quantities, which could be completed by a relevant skill worker within an hour. A set of procedure manuals for different installations has been set up. The calculation models of equipment installation, piping, cabling are addressed for example in the paper. The application of the Point System in the schedule control is shown in the paper. The following issues are highlighted: to define the duration of a piping activity in the Project Level 2 Schedule, to draught the curves of Point Schedules for different erection fields, to analyze the productive efficiency, to define erection quota of each month for different erection teams, to follow up the erection progress on site. The application of the Point System in the payment of erection contract is outlined. The calculation formula of a monthly payment is given. The advantage of the payment calculation method is discussed, for example, more accurate, very easy and clearly to check the measurement quantities completed on site, to control lump-sum cost. (authors)

  2. Microarray Analysis Reveals the Molecular Basis of Antiarthritic Activity of Huo-Luo-Xiao-Ling Dan

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    Hua Yu

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Rheumatoid arthritis (RA is a chronic inflammatory disease of autoimmune origin. Huo-luo-xiao-ling dan (HLXL is an herbal mixture that has been used in traditional Chinese medicine over several decades to treat chronic inflammatory diseases including RA. However, the mechanism of the anti-arthritic action of this herbal remedy is poorly understood at the molecular level. In this study, we determined by microarray analysis the effects of HLXL on the global gene expression profile of the draining lymph node cells (LNC in the rat adjuvant arthritis (AA model of human RA. In LNC restimulated in vitro with the disease-related antigen mycobacterial heat-shock protein 65 (Bhsp65, 84 differentially expressed genes (DEG (64 upregulated and 20 downregulated versus 120 DEG (94 upregulated and 26 downregulated were identified in HLXL-treated versus vehicle (Water-treated rats, respectively, and 62 DEG (45 upregulated and 17 downregulated were shared between the two groups. The most affected pathways in response to HLXL treatment included immune response, inflammation, cellular proliferation and apoptosis, and metabolic processes, many of which are directly relevant to arthritis pathogenesis. These results would advance our understanding of the mechanisms underlying the anti-arthritic activity of HLXL.

  3. El pensamiento animal y su expresión lingüística

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    Laura Danón

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Nuestros intentos por hallar palabras que capturen de modo preciso los contenidos de los pensamientos de los animales suelen tropezar con dificultades persistentes. En este trabajo evaluaré dos explicaciones de este fenómeno discutidas por Beck (2013: la explicación basada en el carácter poco familiar de los contenidos animales –que él rechaza– y la basada en diferencias de formato –que resulta su favorita–. En primer lugar, objetaré las razones por las cuales Beck descarta la explicación basada en el carácter poco familiar de los contenidos. En segundo lugar argumentaré que, aunque algunas dificultades para expresar lingüísticamente los pensamientos animales pueden surgir por diferencias de formato, hay otras que no parecen deberse a este factor. Luego sugeriré que, a fin de comprender adecuadamente el problema que nos ocupa, deberíamos elaborar una explicación dual que apele, en algunos casos, a las diferencias de contenido y, en otros, a las diferencias de formato.

  4. Pulau Ling: an important seabird hotspot on the east coast of Peninsular Malaysia

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    Abdulmaula Hamza

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Pulau Ling is a small rocky island located to the south of Pulau Redang, forming with other southeast small islands, the Redang Archipelago, in the state of Terengganu, Malaysia. The island was highlighted in the early 1950s as an important seabird site, although little was then known on the status of seabirds on the island. Field visits were made between May 2015 and September 2015 to assess the importance of this small island to seabird species. Four tern species were identified: two of them, black-naped tern Sterna sumatrana and bridled tern Onychoprion anaethetus, were found to breed there, while the other two species, great crested tern Thalasseus bergii and roseate tern Sterna dougallii were found to use the island as a stopover site without any evidence of breeding. Furthermore, the Pacific Eastern Reef egret Egretta sacra (the black morph, was also found to breed on the island. Other species encountered included white-bellied sea eagle Haliaeetus leucogaster (recorded once in June 2015, soaring over the island. These preliminary data show the importance of such small rocky outcrops for tropical breeding and migrating seabirds, where food availability and lack of disturbance may be the two main drivers for diversity and survival.

  5. Actitudes lingüísticas de los hablantes de Managua, Nicaragua

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    Zobeyda Catalina Zamora Úbeda

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Resumen Este artículo analiza las actitudes lingüísticas de hablantes nativos de español de la ciudad de Managua, hacia al español de Nicaragua y el de los otros países hispanohablantes. El artículo es parte de los resultados del Proyecto LIAS (Linguistic Identity and Attitudes in Spanish-speaking Latin America, financiado por El Consejo Noruego de Investigación (RCN. La recolección de los datos se realizó en la capital del país, entrevistando a una muestra de 400 informantes estratificada con las variables de edad, sexo y nivel socioeconómico, en la capital del país. Esta investigación acerca de las actitudes lingüísticas hacia el español de Nicaragua y el de los demás países de habla hispana es la primera de su tipo en el país. Los resultados más relevantes muestran que mayoritariamente se nombra español a la lengua que se habla. El español de la capital es el que más les agrada a los entrevistados y estos lo perciben como un habla muy similar a la de la región del Pacífico. Por otro lado, el habla de la región Central se considera diferente y no gusta tanto. En lo relacionado con las variantes hispanoamericanas, consideran que el español peninsular es bastante correcto mientras que el de Costa Rica no lo es. A pesar de este hecho, los datos muestran que hay señales de que los nicaragüenses sienten una creciente autoestima por su propia variante de la lengua española. Abstract This article analyzes the linguistic attitudes of native Spanish speakers from the city of Managua, towards Spanish spoken in Nicaragua and in the other Spanish-speaking countries. It is a result of the LIAS-Project (Linguistic Identity and Attitudes in Spanish-speaking Latin America, funded by The Norwegian Research Council of Norway (RCN. The data were gathered in the capital of the country, interviewing a stratified sample of 400 respondents based on the variables of age, sex and socioeconomic status. This research study of language

  6. El ciberlenguaje como variedad lingüística Cyberlanguage like linguistic variety

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    Betancourt Arango Amanda

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available La presentación del ciberlenguaje como una de las variantes de la lengua incluye una discusión sobre su carácter como forma intermedia entre la oralidad y la escritura y las fuerzas responsables de los cambios lingüísticos. Por una parte, la vertiente popular que ha dado origen a la evolución constante de la lengua y, por otra, la culta que se esfuerza por recuperar la forma etimológica. Aquí se destaca el uso innovador del ciberlenguaje que deja de lado el aspecto normativo de la gramática y saca a flote la creatividad de los usuarios. El corpus para el análisis consta de algunos mensajes de texto y muestras del Chat entre adolescentes y algunas muestras del correo electrónico usual en el ambiente académico universitario. This presentation of cyberlanguage as one of language’s varieties includes a discussion about its character as an intermediate mode between written and spoken language and the powers that are responsible for linguistic change. On the one hand, we have the popular use of language that has given birth to the constant evolution of it. On the other hand, there is the educated part that makes an effort to keep the etymological form. Here we emphasize the innovative use of cyber language that leaves out the grammar facets and raises the creativity of the lingo users. The analysis corpus consists of text messages and pieces of chat dialogues used by teenagers and some e-mails examples that are used at the university environment.

  7. Convergências lexicais: a área dos olhos no Atlas Lingüístico Galego e no Atlas Lingüístico do Paraná

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    Vanderci de Andrade Aguilera

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This article presents some points of convergence between the lexical variants of two geolinguistic corpora: volume V of the Atlas Lingüístico Galego - ALGa (García et alii 2005 and the Atlas Lingüístico do Paraná – ALPR (Aguilera 1994 together with the Atlas Lingüístico do Paraná II - ALPR II (Altino 2005. Within the Human Body semantic field, items referring to the eye area were examined. Geolinguistic and lexicological methods were used in the analysis, since we were looking for information about spatial distribution and lexical documentation of variants common to both corpora. The analysis indicated that certain variants surviving in rural Paraná speech are linked to Galician forms, and that some metonymic and lexical creation processes act similarly in both languages. We also found analogous sociolinguistic features of the lexical item capela in three different language areas: Galician, European Portuguese and Paraná dialect. This convergence is illustrated by (i the diatopic distribution of variants such as capela in the dialect of Paraná and its presence, though sparse, in Galician, (ii the attribution of more than one meaning to the same concept, such as pestana which, according to both atlases, may mean either ‘eyelid’ or ‘eyelash’, and (iii the creation of folk terms through semantic extension or the use of more generic terms such as piel ‘skin’, tapa ‘cover’, papo ‘maw’ (in ALGa and pele ‘skin’, couro ‘hide’ (in ALPR rather than the learned form pálpebra ‘eyelid.’

  8. Risk attitudes, competition and career choices – The willingness to take risk and the choice of further education among Finnish upper secondary school students

    OpenAIRE

    Valve, Joonas

    2015-01-01

    The subject of this thesis is risk attitudes and the choice of further education among Finnish secondary school students. Data comes from a survey compiled in 2011 for 18 secondary schools in Finland. The data has 3418 respondents in total, 1984 (approximately 58 percent) of whom are female. There are three main questions in this study. First, do gender, parental education and standard of living affect the secondary school student’s willingness to take risks? We measure the risk attitude...

  9. Conexões entre produção textual e consciência lingüística

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    Soroka, Jaqueline Golbspan

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo examina a conexão entre consciência lingüística e produção textual, enfatizando os mecanismos coesivos e as etapas subjacentes ao processo de organização textual. Trata-se de uma investigação interdisciplinar a tipo exploratório, baseada nos pressupostos teóricos da psicologia cognitiva, da psicolingüística e da lingüística textual. Com o objetivo de verificar se o desempenho na produção textual - em termos de uso dos mecanismos coesivos - relaciona-se positivamente com o desenvolvimento da consciência lingüística, e se escritores com déficit na escrita redacional poderiam se beneficiar com uma abordagem terapêutica que estimule suas habilidades para refletir sobre a libguagem, foi desenvolvida nesta pesquisa uma etapa de 30 sessões de tratamento psicopedagógico grupal. Três sujeitos pré-adolescentes, de 11 a 14 anos de idade, integram o grupo (um dos sujeitos encontrava-se repetindo a 5ª série e os demais cursavam a 6ª série do 1º grau. Concluímos que a estimulação das habilidades metalingüísticas podem auxiliar os sujeitos com dificuldades escolares e desenvolver proficiência na produção textual, no que diz respeito ao monitoramento do uso dos mecanismos coesivos

  10. The Species Identity of the Widely Cultivated Ganoderma, ‘G. lucidum’ (Ling-zhi), in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Xin-Cun; Xi, Rui-Jiao; Li, Yi; Wang, Dong-Mei; Yao, Yi-Jian

    2012-01-01

    Ling-zhi, a widely cultivated fungus in China, has a long history in traditional Chinese medicine. Although the name ‘Ganoderma lucidum’, a species originally described from England, has been applied to the fungus, their identities are not the same. This study aims to clarify the identity of this medicinally and economically important fungus. Specimens of Ling-zhi from China (field collections and cultivated basidiomata of the Chinese ‘G. lucidum’), G. lucidum from UK and other related Ganoderma species, were examined both morphologically and molecularly. High variability of basidioma morphology was found in the cultivated specimens of the Chinese ‘G. lucidum’, while some microscopic characters were more or less consistent, i.e. short clavate cutis elements, Bovista-type ligative hyphae and strongly echinulate basidiospores. These characters were also found in the holotype of G. sichuanense, a species originally described from Sichuan, China, and in recent collections made in the type locality of the species, which matched the diagnostic characters in the prologue. For comparison, specimens of closely related species, G. lucidum, G. multipileum, G. resinaceum, G. tropicum and G. weberianum, were also examined. DNA sequences were obtained from field collections, cultivated basidiomata and living strains of the Chinese ‘G. lucidum’, specimens from the type locality of G. sichuanense, and specimens of the closely related species studied. Three-gene combined analyses (ITS+IGS+rpb2) were performed and the results indicated that the Chinese ‘G. lucidum’ shared almost identical sequences with G. sichuanense. Based on both morphological and molecular data, the identity of the Chinese ‘G. lucidum’ (Ling-zhi) is considered conspecific with G. sichuanense. Detailed morphological descriptions and illustrations are provided in addition to discussion of nomenclature implications. PMID:22911713

  11. Sobre la naturaleza de la investigación lingüística: Antecedentes y perspectivas

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    Félix Quesada Castillo

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo tiene por objeto propiciar una reflexión sobre las diferentes propuestas de explicación acerca de la naturaleza del lenguaje.Se hace un somero repaso sobre los antecedentes de la lingüística para concluir en una reflexión en torno a las perspectivas actuales.En vista de que la lengua constituye un sistema subyacente que genera las expresiones del comportamiento verbal, una teoría lingüística adecuada exige un enfoque internalista. Según esta perspectiva, el ser humano es capaz de hablar una lengua por cuanto está dotado de una facultad dellenguaje, o de un órgano de la mente/cerebro, y esta dotación genética explica el aprendizaje de una lengua y la capacidad de usar la lengua, debido a la conexión entre el módulo de la facultad del lenguaje (estado asumido al hablar una lengua cualquiera y los sistemas o módulos de la performance. Este avance alcanzado por el desarrollo de la teoría generativaactual ha conducido a proponer la biolingüística como ciencia del lenguaje, lo que conduce a integrar la lingüística con las demás ciencias del cerebro, debilitándose su vínculo con las ciencias sociales. Palabras claves: Enfoque internalista, facultad de lenguaje, mente/cerebro, biolingüística.

  12. Gender, Previous Knowledge, Personality Traits and Subject-Specific Motivation as Predictors of Students' Math Grade in Upper-Secondary School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peklaj, Cirila; Podlesek, Anja; Pecjak, Sonja

    2015-01-01

    The aim of the study was to examine the relationships between gender, previous knowledge, different personality traits, subject-specific motivational dimensions and students' math grade in secondary school. A total of 386 first-year students (142 boys and 244 girls) from secondary schools in Slovenia (mean age was 15.7 years) participated in the…

  13. Learning English While Exploring the National Cultural Heritage: Technology-Assisted Project-Based Language Learning in an Upper-Secondary School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pitura, Joanna; Berlinska-Kopec, Monika

    2018-01-01

    The quality and content of English language courses offered in secondary schools require special attention as they affect many students who learn English as one of their school subjects. Despite curricular provisions prescribing balanced development of language competence and a number of so-called "key competences", class work in Polish…

  14. Desarrollo de las habilidades lingüísticas en lengua inglesa a través de cuentos infantiles

    OpenAIRE

    Rodríguez Rodríguez, Andrea

    2014-01-01

    Actualmente, la mayoría de los centros presentan un programa bilingüe, y el inglés es la lengua extranjera más demandada. Durante el proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje de esta segunda lengua, uno de los subgéneros de la literatura infantil, el cuento, se convertirá en una perfecta herramienta de trabajo ya que, explotando todos los recursos que nos ofrece, desarrollaremos en nuestros alumnos las cuatro habilidades lingüísticas inglesas: writing, reading, listening y speaking. En este Trabajo de...

  15. Choices and Changes: Eccles' Expectancy-Value Model and Upper-Secondary School Students' Longitudinal Reflections about Their Choice of a STEM Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lykkegaard, Eva; Ulriksen, Lars

    2016-01-01

    During the past 30 years, Eccles' comprehensive social-psychological Expectancy-Value Model of Motivated Behavioural Choices (EV-MBC model) has been proven suitable for studying educational choices related to Science, Technology, Engineering and/or Mathematics (STEM). The reflections of 15 students in their last year in upper-secondary school…

  16. Using Design Sketch to Teach Bubble Sort in High School

    OpenAIRE

    Liu, Chih-Hao; Jiu, Yi-Wen; Chen, Jason Jen-Yen

    2009-01-01

    Bubble Sort is simple. Yet, it seems a bit difficult for high school students. This paper presents a pedagogical methodology: Using Design Sketch to visualize the concepts in Bubble Sort, and to evaluate how this approach assists students to understand the pseudo code of Bubble Sort. An experiment is conducted in Wu-Ling Senior High School with 250 students taking part. The statistical analysis of experimental results shows that, for relatively high abstraction concepts, such as iteration num...

  17. Saussure e o discurso: o Curso de Lingüística Geral lido pela análise do discurso

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    Carlos Piovezani

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available

    Qual o lugar da Lingüística e, mais particularmente, de Saussure na constituição e nos desenvolvimentos da Análise do Discurso? Com vistas a refletir sobre a leitura que o grupo em torno de Michel Pêcheux fez do Curso de Lingüística Geral, não buscaremos responder sumariamente a essa questão, antes, tentaremos expor algumas de suas contingências e examinar certas respostas que a ela poderiam ser dadas, considerando as condições de sua emergência e as razões de sua formulação. No intuito de compreender certos aspectos da recepção de Saussure pela AD, recorremos a princípios discursivos e a contribuições da Historiografia lingüística francesa.

  18. Repensando la educación inicial del profesorado para la diversidad lingüística y cultural en el aula

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elizabeth Jennifer Coelho

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Los sistemas educativos europeos están afrontando en las últimas décadas numerosos retos relacionados con el tratamiento de la diversidad cultural y lingüística. La necesidad de afrontar dicha diversidad requiere de planteamientos globales dirigidos al conjunto de la población en aras de construir una sociedad cohesionada lingüística, social y culturalmente. En este artículo exponemos algunos de los principales problemas que afectan a la formación inicial del profesorado por lo que se refiere a la gestión y el tratamiento de la diversidad cultural y lingüística así como diferentes proyectos y enfoques que justamente tienen por objetivo establecer su formación competencial.  

  19. The compound Chinese medicine "Kang Fu Ling" protects against high power microwave-induced myocardial injury.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Xueyan; Gao, Yabing; Dong, Ji; Wang, Shuiming; Yao, Binwei; Zhang, Jing; Hu, Shaohua; Xu, Xinping; Zuo, Hongyan; Wang, Lifeng; Zhou, Hongmei; Zhao, Li; Peng, Ruiyun

    2014-01-01

    The prevention and treatment of Microwave-caused cardiovascular injury remains elusive. This study investigated the cardiovascular protective effects of compound Chinese medicine "Kang Fu Ling" (KFL) against high power microwave (HPM)-induced myocardial injury and the role of the mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP) opening in KFL protection. Male Wistar rats (100) were divided into 5 equal groups: no treatment, radiation only, or radiation followed by treatment with KFL at 0.75, 1.5, or 3 g/kg/day. Electrocardiography was used to Electrophysiological examination. Histological and ultrastructural changes in heart tissue and isolated mitochondria were observed by light microscope and electron microscopy. mPTP opening and mitochondrial membrane potential were detected by confocal laser scanning microscopy and fluorescence analysis. Connexin-43 (Cx-43) and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) were detected by immunohistochemistry. The expression of voltage-dependent anion channel (VDAC) was detected by western blotting. At 7 days after radiation, rats without KFL treatment showed a significantly lower heart rate (P<0.01) than untreated controls and a J point shift. Myocyte swelling and rearrangement were evident. Mitochondria exhibited rupture, and decreased fluorescence intensity, suggesting opening of mPTP and a consequent reduction in mitochondrial membrane potential. After treatment with 1.5 g/kg/day KFL for 7 d, the heart rate increased significantly (P<0.01), and the J point shift was reduced flavorfully (P<0.05) compared to untreated, irradiated rats; myocytes and mitochondria were of normal morphology. The fluorescence intensities of dye-treated mitochondria were also increased, suggesting inhibition of mPTP opening and preservation of the mitochondrial membrane potential. The microwave-induced decrease of Cx-43 and VDAC protein expression was significantly reversed. Microwave radiation can cause electrophysiological, histological and

  20. The compound Chinese medicine "Kang Fu Ling" protects against high power microwave-induced myocardial injury.

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    Xueyan Zhang

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The prevention and treatment of Microwave-caused cardiovascular injury remains elusive. This study investigated the cardiovascular protective effects of compound Chinese medicine "Kang Fu Ling" (KFL against high power microwave (HPM-induced myocardial injury and the role of the mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP opening in KFL protection. METHODS: Male Wistar rats (100 were divided into 5 equal groups: no treatment, radiation only, or radiation followed by treatment with KFL at 0.75, 1.5, or 3 g/kg/day. Electrocardiography was used to Electrophysiological examination. Histological and ultrastructural changes in heart tissue and isolated mitochondria were observed by light microscope and electron microscopy. mPTP opening and mitochondrial membrane potential were detected by confocal laser scanning microscopy and fluorescence analysis. Connexin-43 (Cx-43 and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS were detected by immunohistochemistry. The expression of voltage-dependent anion channel (VDAC was detected by western blotting. RESULTS: At 7 days after radiation, rats without KFL treatment showed a significantly lower heart rate (P<0.01 than untreated controls and a J point shift. Myocyte swelling and rearrangement were evident. Mitochondria exhibited rupture, and decreased fluorescence intensity, suggesting opening of mPTP and a consequent reduction in mitochondrial membrane potential. After treatment with 1.5 g/kg/day KFL for 7 d, the heart rate increased significantly (P<0.01, and the J point shift was reduced flavorfully (P<0.05 compared to untreated, irradiated rats; myocytes and mitochondria were of normal morphology. The fluorescence intensities of dye-treated mitochondria were also increased, suggesting inhibition of mPTP opening and preservation of the mitochondrial membrane potential. The microwave-induced decrease of Cx-43 and VDAC protein expression was significantly reversed. CONCLUSION: Microwave radiation can

  1. Actitudes Lingüísticas en España

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    Aitor Yraola

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Resumen Este artículo analiza las actitudes lingüísticas de hablantes nativos de español de Madrid hacia al español de España y el de los otros países hispanohablantes. Este artículo hace parte de los resultados del Proyecto LIAS (Linguistic Identity and Attitudes in Spanish-speaking Latin America, financiado por El Consejo Noruego de Investigación (RCN. La recolección de los datos se realizó en la capital del país, entrevistando a una muestra de 400 personas, estratificada con las variables de edad, sexo y nivel socioeconómico. Los resultados de la investigación muestran la alta autoestima de Castilla y Madrid como puntos referenciales del idioma español y la apreciación positiva de su propia variante, mientras que hacia las regiones del Norte y del Sur presentan actitudes negativas. Respecto de los países hispanoamericanos, resultaron conocidas y apreciadas las hablas de Colombia, Argentina y Chile. Abstract This article analyzes the linguistic attitudes of native Spanish speakers from Madrid towards Spanish spoken in Spain and in the other Spanish-speaking countries. It is a result of the LIAS-Project (Linguistic Identity and Attitudes in Spanish-speaking Latin America, funded by The Research Council of Norway (RCN. The data were gathered in the capital of the country, interviewing a stratified sample of 400 respondents based on the variables of age, sex and socioeconomic status. The results presented in this article reflect the high self-esteem of Castile and Madrid as central references of the Spanish language, and the positive attitude towards their spoken variety of the language, while the regions of Northern and Southern Spain are perceived in a negative way. Regarding the Spanish-speaking Latin American countries, Spanish spoken in Colombia, Argentina and Chile is appreciated.

  2. Lingüística de interações moleculares

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    Romeu Cardoso Guimarães

    1991-12-01

    Full Text Available As moléculas biológicas mais interessantes são longos polímeros. Em analogia com a linguagem humana alfabética, estes podem ser chamados de textos, e analisados, quanto à estrutura primária, como sequência de letras (monômeros; como nucleotídeos, aminoácidos, etc. ou de palavras (códigos de oligômeros, de até 5-6 letras. Considera-se que o estudo das palavras, em abordagem de tipo lingüístico, possa contribuir para o entendimento das interações (comunicações moleculares. As linguagens e dialetos, moleculares e humanos, são contrastados. A linguagem molecular se distingue peculiarmente da humana, por exemplo, por utilizar forma tridimensional, dinâmica temporal, ausência de espaçamento e pontuação, e sobreposição de significados. Apresenta-se um método matemático para descoberta, de palavras em textos. A palavra AAA (trinca de adeninas foi estudada na evolução do RNA ribossômico 5S. Observou-se que esta palavra é mais freqüente em organismos menos complexos e menos freqüente nos mais complexos, das linhagens de fungos, plantas e vertebrados. Nas duas últimas, reduziu-se também o grau de variabilidade gênica. Pelo contrário, grau moderado de freqüência da palavra persistiu em toda a linhagem dos invertebrados, com manutenção paralela de alto nível de variabilidade gênica. Nas mitocôndrias, plastídeos e micoplasmas, a freqüência da palavra AAA foi aumentada, de acordo com sua necessidade de interações com maior amplitude de variação. Esses comportamentos indicam que a palavra monótona AAA permite ambigüidade de interações. Com a evolução da complexidade orgânica e da maior especificidade molecular, as palavras ambíguas foram progressivamente evitadas.

  3. Actitudes lingüísticas en Ecuador. Una tradición normativa que subsiste

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Esthela Flores Mejía

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Resumen Este artículo analiza las actitudes lingüísticas de hablantes nativos de español de Quito, hacia al español del Ecuador y hacia el español de los otros países hispanohablantes. El artículo es parte de los resultados del Proyecto LIAS (Linguistic Identity and Attitudes in Spanish-speaking Latin America, financiado por El Consejo Noruego de Investigación (RCN. La recolección de los datos se realizó en la capital del país, entrevistando una muestra de 395 informantes previamente estratificada con las variables de edad, sexo y nivel socioeconómico. El estudio presentado es el primero de esta naturaleza que se realiza en Ecuador; sus resultados muestran, de forma general, la forma de hablar de la provincia de Loja es la que cuenta con mayor prestigio, en contraste con el bajo aprecio por el habla de Guayaquil y Cuenca. Los habitantes de la Capital reconocen como similar la forma de hablar de las provincias aledañas a la suya y diferentes sobre todo a las provincias de la Costa. En líneas generales se puede establecer que, aunque hay algunas variantes del español que les agradan, como las que se hablan en España y en Colombia, el afecto y el prestigio que los ecuatorianos asignan a su propia forma de hablar es muy fuerte. Abstract This article analyzes the linguistic attitudes of native Spanish speakers from Quito, towards Spanish spoken in Ecuador and in the other Spanish-speaking countries. It is a result of the LIAS-Project (Linguistic Identity and Attitudes in Spanish-speaking Latin America, funded by The Research Council of Norway (RCN. The data were gathered in the capital of the country, interviewing a stratified sample of 395 respondents, based on the variables of age, sex and socioeconomic status. This research study is the first of its kind in Ecuador. Its results show that the Spanish spoken in the Loja province has high prestige, in contrast to the Spanish spoken in Guayaquil and Cuenca. Residents of Quito, the

  4. Herramientas para el análisis político del plano extra-lingüístico del discurso desde la perspectiva de Ernesto Laclau

    OpenAIRE

    Fair, Hernán

    2014-01-01

    La teoría del discurso de Ernesto Laclau ha relegado notablemente el análisis y la reflexividad acerca del componente extra-lingüístico del discurso, en desmedro de los factores lingüísticos. Sin embargo, existe una pluralidad de fragmentos de los textos laclonianos que destacan su importancia en los procesos políticos. El presente trabajo toma como base estas contribuciones para analizar esta dimensión central de los procesos de construcción de hegemonías. Integrando la perspectiva de Lac...

  5. Planificación lingüística y política educativa. Análisis y estudio de caso: Lituania

    OpenAIRE

    Montalbán Benítez, Eva M.

    2015-01-01

    La planificación lingüística y política educativa propone soluciones a la hora de establecer el uso de las lenguas en una comunidad. Este trabajo se centra en un estudio de la delimitación de la disciplina, teniendo en cuenta la importancia de las lenguas minoritarias en Europa. A partir del estudio de caso, Lituania, vamos a comprobar las posibles repercusiones que tiene la política lingüística para la planificación de las lenguas.

  6. Opciones educativas culturalmente sensibles a la diversidad y la implementación de los derechos lingüísticos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Ernesto Behares

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5902/1984644413915 Este trabajo analiza algunas cuestiones teóricas vinculadas a la instrumentalización de los derechos lingüísticos en contextos educativos. En particular, discute las relaciones entre las pedagogías culturalmente sensibles a la diversidad y la instrumentación escolar de derechos lingüísticos de niños y comunidades. Se estudian las tendencias de instrumentación política ligadas a los conceptos de tolerancia, promoción y herencia.

  7. Shadow Education in Malaysia: Identifying the Determinants of Spending and Amount of Time Attending Private Supplementary Tutoring of Upper Secondary School Students

    OpenAIRE

    Chang Da Wan; Benedict Weerasena

    2017-01-01

    This paper examines the determinants of spending and the amount of time attending private supplementary tutoring, or commonly known as private tuition, in Malaysia. Based on 343 self-reported questionnaires with upper secondary students across three states in Malaysia and using multiple regression analysis, we identified ethnicity, father’s level of education and past academic performance as significant determinants of spending and amount of time attending private tuition. However, interestin...

  8. N-gramas sintácticos y su uso en la lingüistica computacional

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Grigori Sidorov

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo, estamos introduciendo un nuevo concepto que se utilizará en la lingüística computacional, se llama n-gramas sintácticos: son n-gramas que se construyen siguiendo un árbol sintáctico. Es equivalente a introducir la información sintáctica en los métodos de aprendizaje automático, que siempre era un problema muy difícil. Discutimos los elementos que pueden formar estos n-gramas: palabras, clases gramaticales (POS tags, nombres de relaciones sintácticas, caracteres. Consideramos dos ejemplos de cómo se puede obtener los n-gramas sintácticos basándonos en un árbol sintáctico, tanto para el español como para el inglés. Adicionalmente, presentamos un modelo más utilizando de solución de problemas de la lingüística computacional, específicamente, el modelo de espacio vectorial.

  9. Problemática lingüístico-educativa de los pueblos indígenas de Venezuela

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalia Bondarenko Pisemskaya

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se examina la situación de los pueblos indígenas de Venezuela y de sus respectivas lenguas; se presentan los antecedentes y los alcances del Régimen de Educación Intercultural Bilingüe y se analizan las implicaciones de las políticas lingüísticas del Estado venezolano en materia lingüístico-educativa. La investigación, de tipo documental, se realizó a través de una metodología cualitativa, a partir de análisis teóricos y de una entrevista focalizada semiestructurada. Se concluye que a pesar de los esfuerzos del Estado, son los propios indígenas los que deben hacerse responsables tanto de su destino como de sus lenguas, rigiéndose por el principio de la autodeterminación, sin tanta intervención por parte del Estado.

  10. Historia Funcional de Morfologías Lingüísticas y su Efecto en un Ajuste Convencional

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nataly Yáñez Ramírez

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Se observó si diferentes historias funcionales construidas durante la adquisición de un conjunto de morfologías lingüísticas facilitaban un ajuste convencional. Participaron 24 estudiantes universitarios distribuidos en tres grupos, expuestos a entrenamientos construidos bajo la lógica de diferentes niveles de interacción: contextual, suplementario o selector (Ribes y López, 1985; y posteriormente se evaluó su ejecución en una tarea convencional. El entrenamiento cuyo criterio de ajuste era de tipo selector fue la que más facilitó tanto la adquisición de las morfologías lingüísticas como su uso en la tarea, efecto que pareció más evidente en los hablantes que en los escuchas. No se encontraron diferencias entre los entrenamientos contextual y suplementario. Los resultados se discuten en términos de sus implicaciones teóricas y metodológicas.

  11. Causes of childhood blindness in Ghana: results from a blind school survey in Upper West Region, Ghana, and review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huh, Grace J; Simon, Judith; Grace Prakalapakorn, S

    2017-06-13

    Data on childhood blindness in Ghana are limited. The objectives of this study were to determine the major causes of childhood blindness and severe visual impairment (SVI) at Wa Methodist School for the Blind in Northern Ghana, and to compare our results to those published from other studies conducted in Ghana. In this retrospective study, data from an eye screening at Wa Methodist School in November 2014 were coded according to the World Health Organization/Prevention of Blindness standardized reporting methodology. Causes of blindness/SVI were categorized anatomically and etiologically, and were compared to previously published studies. Of 190 students screened, the major anatomical causes of blindness/SVI were corneal scar/phthisis bulbi (CS/PB) (n = 28, 15%) and optic atrophy (n = 23, 12%). The major etiological causes of blindness/SVI were unknown (n = 114, 60%). Eighty-three (44%) students became blind before age one year. Of four published blind school surveys conducted in Ghana, CS/PB was the most common anatomical cause of childhood blindness. Over time, the prevalence of CS/PB within blind schools decreased in the north and increased in the south. Measles-associated visual loss decreased from 52% in 1987 to 10% in 2014 at Wa Methodist School. In a blind school in northern Ghana, CS/PB was the major anatomical cause of childhood blindness/SVI. While CS/PB has been the most common anatomical cause of childhood blindness reported in Ghana, there may be regional changes in its prevalence over time. Being able to identify regional differences may guide future public health strategies to target specific causes.

  12. La Política Lingüística en la Nueva España La Política Lingüística en la Nueva España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Charles Wright Carr

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available El dominio de la Nueva España por el Estado español produjo cambios en el uso de las lenguas. La novedad principal fue la introducción y difusión del idioma castellano. De manera paralela algunos europeos, especialmente los misioneros, estudiaban las lenguas indígenas, a la vez que muchos criollos y mestizos aprendían los idiomas nativos desde su infancia. Desde la época Prehispánica el náhuatl servía en algunas regiones de la Nueva España como lengua franca; la Iglesia y la Corona fomentaron y extendieron esta práctica. A pesar de los intentos de homogeneizar el panorama lingüístico novohispano, sin embargo, no bastaban ni el castellano ni el náhuatl para las labores misioneras y administrativas en los pueblos donde se hablaban otras lenguas. Estas comunidades lingüísticas conservaban sus hablas ancestrales. En el presente trabajo se habla de la legislación lingüística dispuesta por la monarquía española durante el periodo Novohispano, rastreando su impacto en los pueblos indígenas. The domination of New Spain by the Spanish state brought about changes in language use. The biggest change was the introduction and diffusion of the Spanish language. At the same time some Europeans, notably the missionaries, studied the indigenous languages, while many creoles and mestizos learned the native tongues during their infancy. Since pre-Hispanic times Nahuatl had served as a lingua franca in some regions of New Spain; the Catholic Church and the Spanish Crown encouraged and extended this practice. In spite of the attempts to homogenize the linguistic panorama of New Spain, however, neither Spanish nor Nahuatl were suffi cient for the missionary and administrative work in the towns where other languages were spoken. These linguistic communities preserved their ancestral tongues. In this article the linguistic legislation issued by the Spanish monarchy during the early colonial period is discussed, tracing its impact in the Indian

  13. "So You Can't Blame Us Then?": Gendered Discourses of Masculine Irresponsibility as Biologically Determined and Peer-Pressured in Upper-Primary School Contexts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wardman, Natasha Penelope

    2017-01-01

    In a global climate increasingly shaped by neoliberal agendas that privilege meritocratic individualism, it is apparent that society as a whole and educational policy-makers and practitioners in particular expect students to take more "responsibility" for their own learning and behaviour at school. In the Australian context, as…

  14. Didáctica y Lingüística: un desafío desde la universidad para la educación básica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MIREYA CISNEROS ESTUPIÑÁN

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Aunque se ha avanzado considerablemente en las orientaciones sobre la enseñanza de la lengua materna, persiste una escasez de estudios orientados, no solo al tema de la lectura y la escritura, sino a una didáctica más global que incluya la lingüística como objeto de saber, base para el desarrollo de la competencia comunicativa. Tal situación repercute en los procesos de formación de los programas de Licenciatura en Español y Literatura donde se enfatiza en la enseñanza de la teoría lingüística, más que en la búsqueda de alternativas didácticas adaptables a las necesidades del contexto y a los objetivos de enseñanza. El presente artículo reflexiona sobre la adecuación de los saberes impartidos en la formación de docentes de Español, en el marco de una transposición didáctica entre la lingüística teórica y la lingüística escolar.

  15. Instrumentos lingüísticos académicos y norma estándar del español: la nueva política lingüística panhispánica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Lauria

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available El contexto de globalización económica y de integraciones regionales impulsó una renovación de los instrumentos lingüísticos académicos. Esta renovación vino de la mano de un aparente cambio en el interés político y teórico de la Real Academia Española capaz de representar el estatuto de lengua internacional del español. En el presente artículo examinamos los discursos que la Academia elaboró en los últimos años con el fin de convalidar sus instrumentos normativos. Para ello, analizamos la Nueva política lingüística panhispánica,documento que expresa las principales líneas de esta nueva política sobre el español, el Diccionario panhispánico de dudas y la Prepublicación de la Nueva Gramática de la Lengua Española en tanto manifestaciones concretas de dicha política. Concluimos que la nueva política lingüística panhispánicaresulta ser más una operación discursiva que otra cosa. En efecto, lejos de fomentar una distribución equitativa y multilateral de las funciones en la estructura organizativa, continúan reproduciéndose las antiguas jerarquíasen la toma de decisiones, sosteniendo una clara centralización en los procesos de estandarización en el mundo hispánico. -- The context of the economical globalization and the regional integration has promoted a renovation of the linguistic devices used by the Royal Academy of the Spanish Language. This renovation came along with an apparent turn in the political and theoretical interests of the Academy —institution that iscapable of representing the statute of Spanish as an international language. In this article, we examine the discourses that the Academy devised in the last few years in order to validate their normative devices. In that sense,we analyze the Nueva política lingüística panhispánica —document that depicts the principal outlines of this new policy regarding Spanish—, and the Diccionario panhispánico de dudas and the Prepublicación de la

  16. El juego lingüístico: una herramienta pedagógica en las clases de idiomas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ildefonso Gustavo Díaz Sandoval

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Linguistic games constitute instruments and techniques that used in the learning of the language, they make this a much more motivational, active and interesting process. They are pedagogic activities that should be kept in mind in the designing of the curriculum and, therefore, to be part of our daily activities in the classroom, because they are instruments of language learning. They also help the professor to be closer to the students in a pleasant way and this contributes to facilitate the teaching-learning process.The present work consists on the compilation of a total of 40 linguistic games as useful pedagogic tools for the classes of foreign language. The author of the compilation dedicates a chapter where the importance of these games for English classes is approached. Also, he offers suggestions and recommendations from the linguistic, psicopedagogic and methodological and educational point of view to reach satisfactory results when the games are applied.Los juegos lingüísticos constituyen instrumentos y técnicas que utilizados en el aprendizaje del idioma, hacen de éste un proceso más motivante, activo e interesante. Son actividades pedagógicas que deben ser tenidos en cuenta en el diseño del currículo y, por tanto, formar parte de nuestras actividades cotidianas en el aula, porque son instrumentos de aprendizaje del idioma. También ayudan al profesor a estar más cerca de los estudiantes de una forma agradable contribuyendo a facilitar el proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje. El presente trabajo consiste en la compilación de un total de 40 juegos lingüísticos como herramientas pedagógicas útiles para las clases de idioma extranjero. El autor de la compilación dedica un capítulo donde se aborda detalladamente la importancia  que tienen los juegos para las clases de inglés, así como  brinda sugerencias y recomendaciones  desde el punto de vista lingüístico, psicopedagógico-metodológico y educativo para alcanzar

  17. Machine for checking the radioactive contamination of clothing (1961); Machine a controler le linge du point de vue de sa contamination radioactive (1961)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mimaud, R; Cottignies, S [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Centre de Production de Plutonium, Marcoule (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1961-07-01

    This machine is designed to check working clothes after decontamination treatment. It checks automatically for {alpha} and {beta} {gamma} The clothing is carried on a moving belt under a rack of Geiger-Muller counters followed by zinc sulphide scintillators linked to photomultipliers. During its passage under these probes two separate counting systems count the {beta} {gamma} and the {alpha} activities. If a certain fixed rate is reached, a basket reserved for contaminated linen moves into position in front of the belt to collect the clothing; if this rate is not attained the linen is collected in another basket. The starting and stopping of counting, and the return to zero, are controlled by means of 3 photoelectric cells which detect the arrival of the clothing before and after scanning, and its delivery into the baskets. (authors) [French] Cette machine est destinee a controler les vetements de travail apres le traitement de decontamination. Elle effectue automatiquement un controle en {alpha} et en {beta} {gamma}. Le linge entraine par un tapis roulant passe sous une rampe de compteurs Geiger-Muller puis sous des scintillateurs au sulfure de zinc associes a des photomultiplicateurs. Pendant son passage sous ces sondes, deux chaines de comptage distinctes comptent l'activite {beta} {gamma} et l'activite {alpha}. Si un certain taux fixe est atteint, un panier reserve au linge contamine se positionne devant le tapis pour recueillir le linge; dans le cas contraire, le linge est recueilli dans un autre panier. Les operations de debut de comptage, arret de comptage et remise a zero de l'ensemble sont commandees a l'aide de 3 cellules photoelectriques qui detectent l'arrivee du linge avant et apres les sondes, ainsi que sa retombee dans les paniers. (auteurs)

  18. `So, What Do Men and Women Want? Is It any Different from What Animals Want?' Sex Education in an Upper Secondary School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orlander, Auli Arvola

    2016-12-01

    The aim of the study is to discuss and problematise notions of femininity and masculinity constructed in teaching situations among 16-year-old upper-secondary students studying science. The empirical examples originate from a teaching session with the theme of `sex and relationships'. The analysis is focused on metaphors inherent in a lesson that has its origins in the animal world. The findings show that the lesson `sex in the animal world' is full of anthropomorphism, metaphors that humanise animal behaviour. Teachers and students compare the animals' sexual behaviour with human behaviour, with the result that the animal world can be perceived as representative of natural sexual behaviour. The survey illustrates problems with how the examples are permeated by cultural values in the presentation of the animal world and how these examples form constructions of femininity and masculinity in the classroom.

  19. The biomechanics study of rabbit osteoporosis models treated by 99Tcm-MDP combined with GuKangLing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gao Kejia; Zhao Guoding; Ye Zhiwei; Mei Xiaogang; Tian Yingmin; Yan Chushun; Wang Wei; Li Wei; Cai Zhengyu; Song Haiping

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To study the bone biomechanics of the rabbit osteoporosis models induced by dexamethasone sodium phosphate injection (DX) using a combined treatment modality of 99 Tc-MDP and GuKangLing. Methods: Rabbits were intramuscularly injected with DX (2 mg/kg) twice a week for 6 weeks. The animal osteoporosis model group (Group C) and normal group (Group A) were compared to confirm the model was available. Another control group (Group B), the osteoporosis control group (Group D) were set for the comparison at the end of the experiment. The 99 Tc-MDP therapy group (Group E), GuKangLing therapy group (Group F) and 99 Tc-MDP plus GuKangLing therapy group (Group G) were included in the study. The treatment lasted for 16 weeks. The bone biomechanics, cytopathology bone histomorphology, bone mineral density (BMD), X-ray, CT, bone scintigraphy and serum bone alkaline phosphatase (BALP) and P (bone gla protein) were chosen as the markers or methods to evaluate the treatment results (excellent, effective and invalid). The analysis of variance (ANOVA) and t-test were used for group comparison analysis. Results: Cytopathology result indicated that there was no bone trabecular destruction in Group A. However, there was distinct bone destruction in Group C. The bone biomechanics (left femur head (265.914 ±52.773) N, L 4 (369.671 ±94.919) N), BMD (left femur (0.238 ±0.016) g/cm 2 , L 4 (0.236 ±0.016) g/cm 2 ) and bone histomorphology ((66.230 ± 10.848)%) in Group C reduced clearly as compared with Group A ((405.343±55.410) N, (750.870±53.718) N, (0.294±0.017) g/cm 2 , (0.302±0.023) g/cm 2 , (131.500 ± 21.846)%) (t ≥4.550, all P<0.01). Radionuclide bone scan also showed that the uptake of tracers was higher by the main arthrosis in Group C than that in Group A. Vertebra was not clearly visualized on bone scan image. There were significant differences between Group A and Group C in serum BALP and P ((45.000±7.303) vs (12.485 ±1.512) U/L, (0.168±0.018) vs (0.115

  20. Fundamentos lingüísticos del lenguaje periodístico y jurídico-administrativo

    OpenAIRE

    Carlos Oliva Marañón; Universidad Rey Juan Carlos

    2011-01-01

    El lenguaje humano está en constante evolución y el léxico es su repertorio más mutable. El objetivo de esta investigación es el estudio del léxico de la Administración para una mejor comprensión por parte de los ciudadanos. Este lenguaje presenta una idiosincrasia definida, no sólo de léxico, gramática y estilo, sino también de teoría lingüística. Los lenguajes periodístico y jurídico-administrativo constituyen una sinergia entre la lengua global, la lengua general y el lenguaje de especiali...

  1. Alternância de código lingüístico no cotidiano de um lar

    OpenAIRE

    Lima,Diógenes Cândido de

    2007-01-01

    Alternância de código é um tópico bastante controvertido. Por um lado, é visto como o aspecto mais criativo do falar bilíngüe e, por outro, como um sinal de decomposição lingüística. Comenta-se que falantes bilíngües alternam seu código porque não são capazes de aprender duas línguas de maneira adequada nem mantê-las separadamente. Este trabalho teve como objetivo observar exemplos de alternância de código que ocorreram nas conversações da informante, falante nativa da língua inglesa e fluent...

  2. Questões de linguagem: notas sobre jornalismo, história e lingüística

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manoel Luiz Gonçalves Corrêa

    2001-02-01

    Full Text Available

    Este trabalho analisa alguns problemas lingüísticos que afetam as práticas da produção e da leitura do texto. Pela noção de deslizamento, busca-se enquadrar essas práticas no interior de uma concepção de linguagem (2º deslizamento, ao mesmo tempo em que se procura mostrar a existência, no uso da linguagem, de um processo de referencialização que oculta a coexistência e o movimento (1º deslizamento entre os fatores tradicionalmente considerados como básicos numa situação de comunicação (referente, remetente e destinatário.

  3. El cuerpo en la lingüística cognitiva. La metáfora conceptual y el embodiment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Soledad Gonzalez

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo da cuenta del modo en el que la lingüística cognitiva aborda el tema del cuerpo en relación con el lenguaje, entendido este como un correlato del pensamiento. Uno de los ejes de abordaje del lenguaje que caracteriza a este enfoque teórico es el de la metáfora conceptual, noción postulada por Lakoff y Johnson (2001. Los autores conciben la metáfora como un fenómeno del pensamiento que se refleja en el lenguaje, que está omnipresente en la vida cotidiana y que permite la estructuración de la experiencia. La experiencia a la que hacen referencia es, fundamentalmente, corporal. La influencia de la experiencia corporal en la conceptualización recibe el nombre de embodiment o embodied mind (Lakoff, 1987: 12.

  4. A vueltas con la interculturalidad: hacia una lingüística intercultural para estudiantes alemanes de ELE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sánchez Castro, Marta

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Los estudios sobre la interculturalidad aplicados al aprendizaje de lenguas extranjeras han cobrado gran importancia en las últimas décadas. Son muchas las contribuciones existentes sobre cómo incorporar el componente (intercultural, el factor social y la comunicación no verbal en la clase de ELE, pero escasas son las investigaciones que intentan promover la enseñanza de una lingüística intercultural. El presente trabajo pretende ser una propuesta de aplicación intercultural de la gramática en la clase de ELE en un contexto de enseñanza germánico con el fin de agilizar el aprendizaje y la adquisición de la competencia comunicativa en la lengua meta.

  5. Los intercambios virtuales lingüísticos y culturales en educación superior: un estudio de caso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Victoria Guadamillas Gómez

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available El estudio describe una intervención docente llevada a cabo en el campo de la telecolaboración interinstitucional y con el doble objetivo de incrementar el tiempo de práctica oral para la mejora lingüística (inglés/español y favorecer la toma de conciencia intercultural entre estudiantes universitarios en los contextos español y británico. La metodología aplicada da cuenta de las percepciones de estos participantes de manera cualitativa y del grado de implicación y participación de los discentes. En primer lugar, en este estudio de caso abordamos el término telecolaboración y recogemos aportaciones recientes en este ámbito; en segundo lugar, presentamos el proyecto y sus tres fases principales: toma de decisiones, desarrollo y evaluación. A continuación, analizamos los resultados de participación y los comentarios positivos y negativos obtenidos de los universitarios, según se refieran a los aspectos lingüísticos o culturales o a otros más generales relacionados con la experiencia de participación. Por último, en la discusión y las conclusiones hablamos del éxito de esta experiencia, el cual reside en la planificación y el diseño de tareas que han originado una alta participación.

  6. Soil and its selected properties on the example of an individual project for the grade 1 students of upper secondary school

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krzeczkowska, Małgorzata

    2014-05-01

    According to the requirements of the new core curriculum for Chemistry, students shall acquire knowledge through research and use the acquired chemical knowledge in their everyday life. However, in the recommended conditions and mode of implementation of the curriculum it is confirmed, that students' autonomous observation constitutes a basis for experiencing, inferences, analysis, and generalisations of phenomena [1]. It is obvious that teachers should create proper didactic situations, during which school students have a possibility to develop attitudes, skills and competences. More about competences we can find in the recommendations of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 December 2006 on key competences for lifelong learning [2]. The detailed content of the core curriculum for the subject of chemistry at the fourth stage of education (basic level), we read: "4. Chemistry of soil. Student: 1) explains what the sorption properties of the soil are; plans and performs .... study of the sorption properties of the soil. " In the school year 2012/2013 chemistry teachers decided to offer students of a first-class to be involved in the project "Soil in the chemist's eye." It was considered that the method of the project is known from lower secondary school level and the teacher will have an opportunity to recognize students, who in the future, will choose the class with advanced chemistry program and determine the level of their skills, in particular the research skills. What we can offer to students does not necessarily take place in a well-equipped chemical laboratory. On the contrary, this process should be based on the well-known school subjects items, articles, objects and phenomena, which students meet in everyday life. The well-chosen methodologies and ways of showing the world will be, more understandable and skills will become a permanent part of the students, knowledge. Project characterization: a) The proposed project is problem-oriented, in

  7. A case study of successful e-learning: a web-based distance course in medical physics held for school teachers of the upper secondary level.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jönsson, Bo-Anders

    2005-09-01

    Learning activities and course design in the new context of e-learning, such as in web-based courses involves a change both for teachers and students. The paper discusses factors important for e-learning to be successful. The development of an online course in medical physics and technology for high school teachers of physics, details of the course, and experience gained in connection with it are described. The course syllabus includes basics of radiation physics, imaging techniques using ionizing or non-ionizing radiation, and external and internal radiation therapy. The course has a highly didactic approach. The final task is for participants to design a course of their own centered on some topic of medical physics on the basis of the knowledge they have acquired. The aim of the course is to help the teachers integrate medical physics into their own teaching. This is seen as enhancing the interest of high school students in later studying physics, medical physics or some other branch of science at the university level, and as increasing the knowledge that they and people generally have of science. It is suggested that the basic approach taken can also have applicability to the training of medical, nursing or engineering students, and be used for continuing professional development in various areas.

  8. El papel de la teoría y de la aplicación en la construcción de disciplinas lingüísticas. El caso de la 'Lingüística Clínica' y áreas conexas

    OpenAIRE

    Fernández Pérez, Milagros

    1998-01-01

    El trabajo traza líneas de desarrollo y derroteros de la Lingüística Clínica. Desde los inicios en la terapéutica del habla y en la afasiología, con la paulatina introducción de modelos conductuales y comunicativos, hasta la actualidad del ámbito clínico consolidado como una esfera de investigación destacada en el conjunto de aplicaciones de la Lingüística.

  9. The influence of psycho-emotional stress in children of primary school age on the incidence of recurrent upper respiratory tract infections and the functional state of the myocardium

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L.S. Ovcharenko

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Background. Scientific and technical progress, intensification of educational process and information overload have a negative effect on unformed central nervous system of primary schoolchildren, causing stress, which affects the increase in the incidence of recurrent upper respiratory tract infections (URTI and the functional state of the myocardium. In view of this, we analyzed a functional state of myocardium in children with recurrent URTI. The critical duration of the work of primary school child with electronic means of communication, which affects the quality of nighttime sleep and the nature of awakening in the morning, was established. We have studied the relationship of the above mentioned with the incidence of URTI, the level of school anxiety and functional reserve of the myocardium. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the functional reserve of the myocardium in children of primary school age, depending on the incidence of URTI and the level of psycho-emotional activity. Materials and me­thods. 239 children aged 6 to 9 years were examined. The analysis of the functional reserve of the myocardium was carried out in pupils with different incidence of the URTI, depending on the age. The influence of electronic communications on the quality of nighttime sleep and morning awakening was stu­died, and the level of school anxiety was evaluated. During the study, children were divided into two groups. Group 1 — children with recurrent acute respiratory diseases (n = 143. Group 2 — children who occasionally have URTI (n = 96. Results. Out of 239 children with recurrent acute respiratory infections, we have identified 173 children with reduced functional reserve of the myocardium (72.4 %. Among children with recurrent URTI, the incidence of reduced functional reserve of the myocardium was 76.2 %, and in occasionally ill children — 66.7 %. Children with recurrent URTI use electronic means of communication more often than

  10. A Practical Approach to Water Education in Secondary Schools in Penang, Malaysia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soo, P. W.; Cheam, C. S.

    2012-04-01

    In recent years, water problems have become a vital issue in our country, due to increasing population growth and urbanization. According to Prof Ngai Weng Chan, the President of Water Watch Penang (WWP), Malaysia has experienced mounting environmental degradation, and urban environmental woes in main cities like Penang. One of the many water issues affecting Malaysians is the sustainability of water that is closely related to unsustainable water supply management (Chan, 2004). Traditionally in Malaysia, Water Supply Management (WSM) and Water Demand Management (WDM) are based on the top-down-approach hierarchy. However, consumers have not been factored into the decision-making. As a result of increasing water consumption, many states in Malaysia are facing water shortages. We believe that the water consumers like our students can assist in water conservation. Education begins in school. We are certain that students with positive awareness can ultimately result in a water saving society in Malaysia. We have planned for a project that will be carried out at a local secondary school in Penang (Penang Chung Ling High School). The objective of this project is to increase the awareness among secondary students on water issues locally and globally. An initial 100 students from Chung Ling High School will be targeted for our project. We proposed to carry out water auditing of Penang Chung Ling High School to bring about awareness of water usage in the school premises for a period of time. Next, we will identify practical steps to help conserve water in Chung Ling High School. Part of the project includes formulating a water quiz to instill water awareness among the students. Hopefully with the effort to quantify the amount of water loss in unattended leaky taps will help adopting positive behavioral traits to enhance water conservation. Finally, we will look into ways to harvest rainfall for the school with the participation of these students.

  11. Perfil pragmático de crianças surdas em diferentes fases lingüísticas Deaf children's pragmatic profile in different linguistic phases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ida Lichtig

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: O objetivo deste estudo foi verificar a interferência da fase lingüística no perfil comunicativo de crianças surdas. MÉTODOS: Trinta crianças surdas participaram deste estudo, sendo 15 crianças em fase pré-lingüística e 15 em fase lingüística (independente da modalidade comunicativa - língua oral ou língua de sinais, na faixa etária de 41 a 59 meses. Foram analisadas 30 gravações das habilidades comunicativas da criança, em situação de interação com a examinadora. Foi utilizado o Protocolo do Perfil Pragmático das Habilidades Iniciais da Comunicação para identificar quais as habilidades comunicativas ocorridas e qual a sua freqüência de ocorrência. RESULTADOS: Os dois grupos apresentaram basicamente as mesmas habilidades comunicativas; entretanto, o grupo Lingüístico apresentou maior freqüência de ocorr��ncia, principalmente nas habilidades relativas a intenções comunicativas e respostas para comunicação. CONCLUSÕES: Há relação direta entre a complexidade lingüística (independente da modalidade e o perfil comunicativo da criança surda, ou seja, a criança em fase lingüística apresenta maior freqüência de ocorrência no uso das habilidades comunicativas mais complexas e elaboradas.PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to ascertain and to assess the interference of deaf children's linguistic level in their communicative abilities. METHODS:Thirty deaf children participated in this study, 15 in the pre-linguistic phase and 15 in the linguistic phase, independent of the communicative modality used - either oral or sign language. Their age ranged from 41 to 59 months. Thirty videotape recordings of the deaf children's communicative abilities assessment during their interaction with the examiner were analyzed. The Communicative Abilities Pragmatic Profile was used in order to identify the communicative abilities and their frequency of occurrence. RESULTS: Both groups basically presented the same

  12. Upper Gastrointestinal (GI) Series

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... standard barium upper GI series, which uses only barium a double-contrast upper GI series, which uses both air and ... evenly coat your upper GI tract with the barium. If you are having a double-contrast study, you will swallow gas-forming crystals that ...

  13. La retòrica i la lingüística, 1775-1900

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joan Solà

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available It is a well known fact that school manuals' of the 18th and 19th centuries centred on the teaching of Rhetoric are closely linked with those geared towards the study of language in general and of Grammar in particular. The article, based on the work by Marcet-Solà, shows the relevance of this especial relationship and offers illustrative material from these manuals, restricted, like the work referred to, to the Catalan speaking area.

  14. Psicogênese da língua escrita, universais lingüísticos e teorias de alfabetização

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Antonio Gomes Senna

    2001-02-01

    Full Text Available

    O que há entre universais lingüísticos e a psicogênese da língua escrita? Neste artigo, levanto algumas questões polêmicas sobre um possível problema conceituai no uso da lingüística chomskyana numa teoria semiótica de alfabetização. Os universais de Chomsky - baseados no Dispositivo de Aquisição da Linguagem (LAD e numa mente modular - podem comprometer todo o projeto de abordagem psicogenética do desenvolvimento da língua escrita, uma vez que não existe nenhuma motivação filogenética, com base na qual se possa tratar da alfabetização de modo similar Tao empregado para explicar a aquisição da língua materna.

  15. ¿Quién necesita una lengua? Política y planificación lingüística en el departamento del Cauca

    OpenAIRE

    Geny Gonzales Castaño

    2012-01-01

    El propósito de este artículo es realizar una reflexión acerca de la forma en la cual las motivaciones políticas que trazan los límites y condiciones de la planificación lingüística hoy, se establecen en relación con las políticas de reconocimiento y administración de la diversidad cultural y lingüística por parte del estado colombiano. Para este fin me centraré en el caso del proceso de fortalecimiento de lengua nam trik o namuy wam, hablada en el departamento del Cauca.

  16. Clasificación automática del registro lingüístico en textos del español: un análisis contrastivo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Roberto Rodríguez

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Las aplicaciones colaborativas como los Sistemas de Recomendación se pueden beneficiar de la clasificación de textos en registros lingüísticos. En primer lugar, el registro lingüístico proporciona información sobre el perfil de los usuarios y sobre el contexto de la recomendación. En segundo lugar, considerar las características de cada tipo de texto puede ayudar a mejorar los métodos actuales de procesamiento de lenguaje natural. En este trabajo contrastamos dos enfoques, uno morfosintáctico y el otro léxico, para categorizar textos por registro en español. Para su evaluación aplicamos 38 algoritmos de aprendizaje automático con los que obtuvimos niveles de precisión superiores al 89%.

  17. Extracción de contextos definitorios en textos de especialidad a partir del reconocimiento de patrones lingüísticos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerardo Sierra

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available La extracción automática de definiciones a partir de textos de especialidad es una tarea cada vez más demandante para diferentes aplicaciones del Procesamiento de Lenguaje Natural, tales como lexicografía computacional, extracción de información, semántica computacional, sistemas pregunta-respuesta, minería de textos, Web semántica y aprendizaje automático. Este artículo presenta un panorama de los trabajos realizados en el Grupo de Ingeniería Lingüística en el tema, desde los aspectos teóricos, la revisión del estado del arte, los estudios lingüísticos sobre definiciones y contextos definitorios, la metodología para la extracción automática y hasta diversas aplicaciones. 

  18. Sobre la letra rayada. en torno a la articulación de los códigos somáticos y lingüísticos

    OpenAIRE

    BURlTICÁ, FABIO

    2010-01-01

    Se pretende considerar elproceso de inscripción en el cuerpo, de las huellas de su relación con otros cuerpos, las cuales corifigurarian un código somático primario que -en un proceso de subjetivación normal-se articularia con el código lingüístico. Si el código somático tiene comofunción la expresión del sentido, sobre el lingüístico recae lafunción de expresión de la significación. De esta manera, la palabra se plantea como el sepulcro del sentido y cuna del significado. A...

  19. Desempenho cognitivo-linguístico de escolares com distúrbio de aprendizagem Rendimiento cognitivo-lingüístico de estudiantes con trastornos de aprendizaje Cognitive-linguistic performance of students with learning disabilities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cláudia Silva

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available O estudo tem como objetivo caracterizar e comparar o desempenho cognitivo-linguístico de escolares com distúrbio de aprendizagem com escolares com bom desempenho acadêmico. Participaram 40 escolares de 8 a 12 anos de idade, de 2ª a 4ª séries do Ensino Fundamental de escolas municipais da cidade de Marília - SP, divididos em GI (escolares com bom desempenho acadêmico e GII (escolares com distúrbio de aprendizagem. Como procedimento foi utilizado o Teste de Desempenho Cognitivo-Linguístico, versões coletiva e individual. Os resultados evidenciaram desempenho superior do GI em relação ao GII nas habilidades de leitura, escrita, velocidade de processamento, processamento auditivo e visual. Concluiu-se que o desempenho inferior do GII nas habilidades indica uma limitação no desempenho linguístico desses escolares se comparados com os do GI, exceto na habilidade de consciência fonológica, em que, os grupos apresentaram dificuldades semelhantes, sugerindo que essa dificuldade não seja específica de escolares com distúrbio de aprendizagem.El estudio tiene como objetivo caracterizar y comparar el rendimiento cognitivo-lingüístico de estudiantes con trastornos de aprendizaje con estudiantes con buen rendimiento académico. Los participantes fueron 40 niños escolares de 8 a 12 años de edad, de 2º a 4º grados de la escuela primaria de la ciudad de Marília-SP. Fueron divididos en GI (estudiantes con buen rendimiento académico y GII (estudiantes con trastornos de aprendizaje. El procedimiento utilizado fue la prueba de rendimiento cognitivo-lingüístico, colectivo e individual. Los resultados sugieren desempeño superior del GI si comparado con GII en las habilidades de lectura, escrita, velocidad de procesamiento, procesamiento auditivo y visual. Conclusión: el rendimiento inferior de GII en las habilidades apuntando a una limitación en la actuación lingüística de los estudiantes frente al GI, excepto en la habilidad de

  20. Two New Members of Freshwater Red Algae in Taiwan: Compsopogon tenellus Ling et Xie and C. chalybeus Kützing (Compsopogonaceae, Rhodophyta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shao-Lun Liu

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available Two freshwater red algae, Compsopogon tenellus Ling et Xie and C. chalybeus Kützing, are first reported to the freshwater algal flora of Taiwan. In this study, we describe in detail the morphology of them and compare the ecological differences of their habitats. Both of them were found in clear, warm (24-27 °C and running stream in low altitude plain areas of southern Taiwan.

  1. Population structure and genetic diversity of Sinibrama macrops from Ou River and Ling River based on mtDNA D-loop region analysis, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Liangjie; Chenoweth, Erica L; Liu, Qigen

    2018-03-01

    In order to understand the influence of human activities such as habitat fragmentation on freshwater fish population evolution, we investigated and compared the genetic diversity and phylogeography of Sinibrama macrops populations in the Oujiang River and Ling River. Mitochondrial control region sequences (D-loop region) of 131 specimens from six populations were obtained and analyzed. The diversity of main stream in the Ou River was lower than that in Ling River. Changtan population showed the lowest diversity (H = 0.646 ± 0.077; π = 0.00060 ± 0.00820). Pairwise F ST , gene flow (Nm), and genetic distance (Da) indicated that Longquan and Changtan significantly differentiate from other populations. Nested clade phylogeographical analysis (NCPA) showed some clades and total cladogram experienced isolation by distance. In conclusion, the populations from severely fragmented Ou River have the lower diversity and more intense differentiation than that from the mainstream of Ling River, Changtan population present the lowest diversity and were isolated by the dam construction.

  2. Modified Huo-Luo-Xiao-Ling Dan Suppresses Adjuvant Arthritis by Inhibiting Chemokines and Matrix-Degrading Enzymes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siddaraju M. Nanjundaiah

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Rheumatoid arthritis (RA is a chronic inflammatory disease affecting the joints that can lead to deformities and disability. The prolonged use of conventionally used drugs is associated with severe adverse reactions. Therefore, safer and less expensive therapeutic products are continually being sought. Huo-Luo-Xiao-Ling dan (HLXL, a traditional Chinese herbal mixture, and its modified versions possess anti-arthritic activity. In this paper, we examined the influence of modified HLXL on two of the key mediators of arthritic inflammation and tissue damage, namely, chemokines and matrix-metalloproteinases (MMPs in the rat adjuvant-induced arthritis (AA model of RA. We treated arthritic Lewis rats with HLXL (2.3 g/kg by daily gavage beginning at the onset of AA. The control rats received the vehicle. At the peak phase of AA, rats were sacrificed and their draining lymph node cells (LNC and spleen adherent cells (SAC were tested. The HLXL-treated rats showed a significant reduction in the levels of chemokines (RANTES, MCP-1, MIP-1α, and GRO/KC, MMPs (MMP 2 and 9, as well as cytokines (IL-6 and IL-17 that induce them, compared to the control vehicle-treated rats. Thus, HLXL controls arthritis in part by suppressing the mediators of immune pathology, and it might offer a promising alternative/adjunct treatment for RA.

  3. Biogeochemical characteristics of Kuan-Tzu-Ling, Chung-Lun and Bao-Lai hot springs in southern Taiwan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maity, Jyoti Prakash; Liu, Chia-Chuan; Nath, Bibhash; Bundschuh, Jochen; Kar, Sandeep; Jean, Jiin-Shuh; Bhattacharya, Prosun; Liu, Jiann-Hong; Atla, Shashi B; Chen, Chien-Yen

    2011-01-01

    Hot springs are the important natural sources of geothermally heated groundwater from the Earth's crust. Kuan-Tzu-Ling (KTL), Chung-Lun (CL) and Bao-Lai (BL) are well-known hot springs in southern Taiwan. Fluid and mud (sediments) samples were collected from the eruption points of three hot springs for detailed biogeochemical characterization. The fluid sample displays relatively high concentrations of Na(+) and Cl(-) compared with K(+), Mg(2+), Ca(2+), NO(2) (-), and SO(4) (2-), suggesting a possible marine origin. The concentrations of Fe, Cr, Mn, Ni, V and Zn were significantly higher in the mud sediments compared with fluids, whereas high concentrations of As, Ba, Cu, Se, Sr and Rb were observed in the fluids. This suggests that electronegative elements were released during sediment-water interactions. High As concentration in the fluids was observed to be associated with low redox (Eh) conditions. The FTIR spectra of the humic acid fractions of the sediments showed the presence of possible functional groups of secondary amines, ureas, urethanesm (amide), and silicon. The sulfate-reducing deltaproteobacterium 99% similar to Desulfovibrio psychrotolerans (GU329907) were rich in the CL hot spring while mesophilic, proteolytic, thiosulfate- and sulfur-reducing bacterium that 99% similar to Clostridium sulfidigenes (GU329908) were rich in the BL hot spring.

  4. O termo estratégia: um conceito útil para a lingüística aplicada?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Robert Schmitz

    2001-02-01

    Full Text Available

    O termo estratégia é usado em certos casos na literatura especializada de lingüística aplicada sem muita precisão, pois, para alguns pesquisadores, ele é uma técnica; para outros, é método, de ensino e, para outros ainda, refere-se aos hábitos de estudo ou estilo cognitivo dos aprendizes. Outro problema é a pletora de estratégias propostas sem rigor na demarcação de diferenças: estratégias de comunicação (communication strategies, estratégias de aprendizagem (learning strategies, estratégias de aquisição (acquisition strategies e estratégias de ensino (teaching strategies. Apesar desses problemas, as pesquisas na área de estratégias são promissoras, já que o treinamento explícito em sua utilização ensina os aprendizes a: (i saber usar novas estratégias, (ii avaliar a eficiência de diferentes tipos; e (iii decidir quando é procedente transferir uma determinada estratégia para uma nova situação.

  5. Fundamentos lingüísticos del lenguaje periodístico y jurídico-administrativo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Oliva Marañón

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available El lenguaje humano está en constante evolución y el léxico es su repertorio más mutable. El objetivo de esta investigación es el estudio del léxico de la Administración para una mejor comprensión por parte de los ciudadanos. Este lenguaje presenta una idiosincrasia definida, no sólo de léxico, gramática y estilo, sino también de teoría lingüística. Los lenguajes periodístico y jurídico-administrativo constituyen una sinergia entre la lengua global, la lengua general y el lenguaje de especialidad. Los lenguajes específicos son de carácter mixto, a medio camino entre los lenguajes artificiales y las lenguas naturales con peculiaridades propias de carácter semiótico. Se concluye, por un lado, que el lenguaje administrativo es una realidad de percepción pasiva, ajena al circuito verbal de la comunicación que se da en la lengua común; y, por otro, que el lenguaje de la Administración es un código elaborado y prefijado que el ciudadano ha de aprender, aunque pierda parcialmente el control verbal. 

  6. Nonvariceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Burke, Stephen J.; Weldon, Derik; Sun, Shiliang; Golzarian, Jafar

    2007-01-01

    Nonvariceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding (NUGB) remains a major medical problem even after advances in medical therapy with gastric acid suppression and cyclooxygenase (COX-2) inhibitors. Although the incidence of upper gastrointestinal bleeding presenting to the emergency room has slightly decreased, similar decreases in overall mortality and rebleeding rate have not been experienced over the last few decades. Many causes of upper gastrointestinal bleeding have been identified and will be reviewed. Endoscopic, radiographic and angiographic modalities continue to form the basis of the diagnosis of upper gastrointestinal bleeding with new research in the field of CT angiography to diagnose gastrointestinal bleeding. Endoscopic and angiographic treatment modalities will be highlighted, emphasizing a multi-modality treatment plan for upper gastrointestinal bleeding. (orig.)

  7. Nonvariceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Burke, Stephen J.; Weldon, Derik; Sun, Shiliang [University of Iowa, Department of Radiology, Iowa, IA (United States); Golzarian, Jafar [University of Iowa, Department of Radiology, Iowa, IA (United States); University of Iowa, Department of Radiology, Carver College of Medicine, Iowa, IA (United States)

    2007-07-15

    Nonvariceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding (NUGB) remains a major medical problem even after advances in medical therapy with gastric acid suppression and cyclooxygenase (COX-2) inhibitors. Although the incidence of upper gastrointestinal bleeding presenting to the emergency room has slightly decreased, similar decreases in overall mortality and rebleeding rate have not been experienced over the last few decades. Many causes of upper gastrointestinal bleeding have been identified and will be reviewed. Endoscopic, radiographic and angiographic modalities continue to form the basis of the diagnosis of upper gastrointestinal bleeding with new research in the field of CT angiography to diagnose gastrointestinal bleeding. Endoscopic and angiographic treatment modalities will be highlighted, emphasizing a multi-modality treatment plan for upper gastrointestinal bleeding. (orig.)

  8. Potencial evocados corticales y evaluación lingüística de pacientes con implante coclear

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liudis Reina

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este trabajo fue examinar la utilidad del Potencial Evocado Auditivo Cortical (PEAC como herramienta objetiva que nos permita cuantificar el proceso de rehabilitación en pacientes con implante coclear. Se conformó una muestra de 20 pacientes, 12 del sexo masculino y con edades entre 7 y 16 años. Todos portadores de un Implante Coclear (IC modelo Clarion HiRes 90K. Todas las variables mostraron una correlación estadísticamente significativa con la etapa del proceso de rehabilitación en que se encontraba cada paciente. Los PEAC registrados en pacientes con IC muestran una morfología muy similar a la que se obtiene en sujetos normoyentes, registrándose los componentes que caracterizan esta respuesta (P1, N1, P2 y N2. Se evidenció una correlación estadísticamente significativa entre las etapas de rehabilitación y la latencia de los componentes P1 y N1. También hubo correlación estadísticamente significativa entre el por ciento de fonemas erróneos calculados tras la aplicación de la prueba del Registro Fonológico Inducido y la latencia del componente P1. Contar con herramientas objetivas como el PEAC nos garantizaría un mayor y mejor aprovechamiento de la rehabilitación lingüística, así como podría ayudar a perfeccionar las técnicas de rehabilitación de los pacientes con implante coclear.

  9. Modernization of upper secondary school in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bøje, Jakob Ditlev

    2008-01-01

    I artiklen analyseres konsekvenser af gymnasiereform 2005 for ledelse og elever. Implementeringen af reformen studeres mere nøjagtigt på ledelsesniveau og relateres til nye forestillinger og konstruktioner af elever. Artiklen demonstrerer, hvordan rektorer fortolker og praktiserer reformens tilta...

  10. Upper respiratory tract (image)

    Science.gov (United States)

    The major passages and structures of the upper respiratory tract include the nose or nostrils, nasal cavity, mouth, throat (pharynx), and voice box (larynx). The respiratory system is lined with a mucous membrane that ...

  11. ACA Federal Upper Limits

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Affordable Care Act Federal Upper Limits (FUL) based on the weighted average of the most recently reported monthly average manufacturer price (AMP) for...

  12. Mantenimiento o sustitución de rasgos lingüísticos indexados socialmente: migrantes de zonas andinas en Lima

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carola Mick

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available ResumenEste artículo investiga la relación entre la formación de “mundos de vida comunicativos individuales” y la construcción de la identidad en migrantes peruanas procedentes de la zona de los Andes en Lima. A partir del análisis lingüístico y discursivo de un corpus de entrevistas semidirigidas con veintidós mujeres migrantes mostramos cómo las ideologías lingüísticas, las que menosprecian rasgos dialectales considerados como típicos de migrantes andinos y las que prestigian los “rasgos limeños”, condicionan el comportamiento lingüístico de las migrantes y se transforman en herramientas útiles para el posicionamiento discursivo individual de las informantes frente a estos estereotipos.AbstractThis article enquires the relationship between the formation of “individual communicative lifeworlds” and the construction of identity in 22 semidirective interviews with Peruvian migrant domestic workers in Lima originating from the Andean regions. With the help of a combined linguistic and discursive analysis we demonstrate the way in which language ideologies condition and enable the formation of individual communicative lifeworlds of the speakers. The stigmatization of linguistic characteristics that are considered as typical of “Andean” speakers and the high esteem of linguistic forms considered as typical for people originating in Lima favour linguistic accommodation, but in order to explain all the variation in the corpus we need to take into consideration the individual linguistic and discursive positioning of each speaker.

  13. Planificació lingüística i ensenyament a Andalusia: la dimensió intercultural dins del Pla de Foment del Plurilingüisme

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arantza Galiardo López

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available El Pla de Foment del Plurilingüisme a Andalusia va veure la llum el 2005 en una regió monolingüe, on no hi ha conflicte lingüístic, i ho va fer amb la pretensió d'impulsar –segons les seves pròpies paraules- «una Política Lingüística per a la societat andalusa» (PFP, 2005:1, i contribuir al desenvolupament de la competència plurilingüe i intercultural de la ciutadania andalusa mitjançant la implantació en el sistema educatiu públic de la metodologia d'Aprenentatge integrat de continguts i llengua estrangera i el currículum integrat. Malgrat ser una comunitat monolingüe, la nova societat andalusa està formada de fet per persones d'origen ètnic variat –fruit dels naturals processos migratoris– que aporten les seves llengües d'origen a un mapa lingüístic ara més ric. Aprofitant la presència d'alumnat al·lòfon i la creixent mundialització de la comunicació, el Pla aspirava a la inclusió d'aquestes altres llengües. Ens preguntarem en aquest estudi de quina forma es pretenia assolir una mesura objectiva i analitzarem de forma crítica la normativa en el seu desenvolupament en aquests deu anys després de la seva posada en funcionament.

  14. Upper gastrointestinal bleeding.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feinman, Marcie; Haut, Elliott R

    2014-02-01

    Upper gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding remains a commonly encountered diagnosis for acute care surgeons. Initial stabilization and resuscitation of patients is imperative. Stable patients can have initiation of medical therapy and localization of the bleeding, whereas persistently unstable patients require emergent endoscopic or operative intervention. Minimally invasive techniques have surpassed surgery as the treatment of choice for most upper GI bleeding. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. Evaluación de la inteligencia lingüística en Educación Inafanil según el modelo de Gardner

    OpenAIRE

    Paíno Tesedo, Tamara

    2017-01-01

    En el presente Trabajo Fin de Grado (TFG) que exponemos se trata de una iniciación a la investigación educativa. El presente estudio pretende analizar los conocimientos y encontrar la forma de evaluar las Inteligencias Múltiples, concretamente una de las ocho propuestas por Howard Gardner, la Inteligencia Lingüística. La primera búsqueda de este trabajo es la indagación sobre los estudios e investigaciones de Howard Gardner, centrándonos esencialmente en el análisis la teoría del autor que...

  16. Especulaciones lingüísticas sobre el hebreo en la España del siglo XVI y principios del XVII

    OpenAIRE

    Perea Siller, Francisco Javier

    2003-01-01

    Las especulaciones en torno a la lengua hebrea durante el siglo XVI y principios del XVII en España arrojan luz sobre algunos temas principales de la reflexión lingüística de la época: el origen del lenguaje y la identidad de la lengua primitiva, el carácter motivado o arbitrario de las lenguas, el parentesco entre las lenguas primitivas y actuales, y el problema de la lengua más antigua de España. Se han tratado estos temas, dividiendo la tesis en dos partes: la primera analiza las discusion...

  17. Discriminación lingüística y contracultura escolar indígena en la Ciudad de México

    OpenAIRE

    Daniel Hernández-Rosete; Olivia Maya

    2016-01-01

    La discriminación lingüística escolar es una forma de racismo cuya resistencia está poco documentada. En este artículo analizamos las creencias que favorecen la discriminación escolar de indígenas migrantes bilingües y describimos algunas de las respuestas que además existen como mecanismos de contracultura escolar. Realizamos una investigación fenomenológica de tipo constructivista social, cuyo trabajo de campo se realizó en dos escuelas del barrio de La Merced ubicado en la Ciudad de México...

  18. De la deconstrucción del signo lingüístico a la escritura como huella en Jacques Derrida

    OpenAIRE

    Barreto Ramírez, Martha Helena

    2010-01-01

    Este trabajo se compone de dos capítulos: El primero titulado: La deconstrucción del signo lingüístico y el segundo: La escritura como huella, cada capítulo esta compuesto de subtemas para una mayor comprensión del texto.En el primero, se muestran algunos rasgos de la estrategia deconstructiva que plantea Derrida a la metafísica de la escritura fonética que dirigió etnocentrismo y el fonocentrismo de la época y es tratado en tres subtemas: 1): La escritura fonética y el pensamiento metafísico...

  19. El papel de los estudios lingüísticos en la investigación psicosocial : el caso de las pasiones y los sentimientos

    OpenAIRE

    Harré, Rom

    2002-01-01

    Entendiendo la conversación como el modelo principal para comprender los episodios sociales, este trabajo pretende plantear un nuevo paradigma en psicología social y explorar sus aportaciones en la investigación psicosocial. Las destrezas lingüísticas se presentan como el medio a partir del cual se construyen los episodios sociales, y conceptos como acción, acto y posición son planteados como conceptos útiles para entender la vida cotidiana. A continuación se intenta desarrollar la aplicabili...

  20. Sincretismo lingüístico lexicográfico culinario gastronómico en el dialecto “puntanerense”

    OpenAIRE

    Li Chan, Elisa

    2013-01-01

    El objetivo de este estudio es describir algunos aportes sociolingüísticos, dentro del ámbito gastronómico - culinario, del dialecto chino Cantones al dialecto puntarenense. El contacto comercial constante y la integración social de inmigrantes chinos, provenientes de la parte sur de China, con la población del centro de Puntarenas; como consecuencia del contacto laboral, socio-cultural y lingüístico entres chinos y puntarenenses, debido al flujo migratorio de chinos que empezó hace 150 años ...

  1. Primeras aproximaciones a la anotación lingüístico-ontológica de documentos de Web Semántica: OntoTag

    OpenAIRE

    Aguado de Cea, G.; Álvarez de Mon Rego, I.; Pareja-Lora, A.

    2003-01-01

    A instancias de lo que se ha dado en llamar la Web Semántica, la Inteligencia Artificial ha investigado exhaustivamente la anotación semántica de páginas web. La anotación (semántica) de textos se desarrolló primeramente en la Lingüística de Corpus; sin embargo, la Inteligencia Artificial, al centrarse en una anotación basada en ontologías, parece haber pasado por alto sus resultados. Este artículo muestra nuestras primeras experiencias en la integración de ambos campos, según las cuales una ...

  2. Consideraciones gráficas y lingüísticas del lenguaje cibernético: el chat y el Messenger.

    OpenAIRE

    Cabedo Nebot, Adrián

    2009-01-01

    Este trabajo pretende estudiar el comportamiento lingüístico de intercambios comunicativos en plataformas cibernéticas como el chat o el Messenger. Así mismo, el planteamiento inicial es investigar si el lenguaje cibernético constituye un código particular, diferenciado del código del lenguaje habitual. This work tries to study linguistic behavior of communicative exchanges in cybernetic platforms like chat or Messenger. Likewise, the initial approach is to investigate if the cybernetic la...

  3. Actitudes lingüísticas en la Argentina. El español en Buenos Aires: Una aproximación a las representaciones de sus hablantes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriela Llull

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Resumen Este artículo analiza las actitudes lingüísticas de hablantes nativos de español de la Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, hacia al español de la Argentina y el español de los otros países hispanohablantes. El artículo es parte de los resultados del Proyecto LIAS (Linguistic Identity and Attitudes in Spanish-speaking Latin America, financiado por El Consejo Noruego de Investigación (RCN. La recolección de los datos se realizó en la capital del país, entrevistando a una muestra de 400 informantes previamente estratificada con las variables de edad, sexo y nivel socioeconómico. El procesamiento estadístico de los datos de campo recolectados arrojó resultados de interés en torno a la mayoría de los tópicos analizados y especialmente en lo referente a aspectos tales como la valoración positiva de la propia variedad lingüística; la resistencia a identificar a España como la única fuente de la norma lingüística de la lengua española; el rechazo a la unificación de la lengua y, por consiguiente, la defensa de la diversidad lingüística como portadora de riqueza cultural. Abstract This article analyzes the linguistic attitudes of native Spanish speakers from Buenos Aires City, towards Spanish spoken in Argentina and in the other Spanish-speaking countries. It is a result of the LIAS-Project (Linguistic Identity and Attitudes in Spanish-speaking Latin America, funded by The Research Council of Norway (RCN. The data were gathered in the capital of the country, interviewing a stratified sample of 400 respondents, based on the variables of age, sex and socioeconomic status. The analysis of the data rendered interesting results on most of the analyzed topics; especially important was the positive appraisal of Argentineans' own linguistic variety; the strong resistance against identifying Spain as the only source of the linguistic norm for the Spanish language; and the rejection of language unification, defending in this way

  4. Incremento de la competencia lingüística en dos sujetos con parálisis cerebral mediante el dispositivo Makey-Makey

    OpenAIRE

    Calleja-Reina, Marina; Luque-Liñán, María Luisa; Liranza Grajales, Ana Isabel

    2015-01-01

    Incremento de la competencia lingüística en dos sujetos con Parálisis Cerebral mediante el dispositivo Makey-Makey. Un estudio de caso Las personas con PC presentan un riesgo considerable de sufrir problemas de comunicación. Estos problemas de comunicación pueden surgir a consecuencia de déficits en el control motor del habla, en la cognición, en el lenguaje, en la percepción/sensación o una combinación de todos ellos (Hustad & Miles, 2010). En este trabajo se muestran dos casos de Parális...

  5. Upper GI Bleeding in Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Upper GI Bleeding in Children What is upper GI Bleeding? Irritation and ulcers of the lining of the esophagus, stomach or duodenum can result in upper GI bleeding. When this occurs the child may vomit blood ...

  6. Interacción, uso lingüístico y construcción del saber gramatical en la educación primaria / Interaction, linguistic usage and building grammatical knowledge in Primary Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariona Casas i Deseures

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: Este artículo pone de relieve el papel de la interacción lingüística, entre iguales y con el apoyo del adulto, en la construcción del conocimiento gramatical. Presenta una investigación empírica que explora como 43 parejas de 3º y 6º de educación primaria de Cataluña reconocen tres valores del tiempo verbal del presente: habitual, atemporal y retrospectivo. En concreto, la investigación explora los obstáculos con que tropiezan los alumnos para reconocer estos valores y las estrategias que usan para superarlos. El estudio demuestra que para ayudar a los alumnos a comprender que el tiempo verbal del presente también se usa para expresar otros valores aparte del prototípico (simultaneidad con el acto de habla, es necesario que los aprendices reflexionen sobre estos usos. De los resultados se infiere que la interacción promueve el desarrollo de actividad metalingüística y que a partir de la reflexión se pueden establecer puentes entre el saber gramatical y los usos lingüísticos. También ponen de manifiesto que un aprendizaje escolar excesivamente formal (que construye el conocimiento sobre el verbo desde un punto de vista básicamente morfológico impide a los alumnos interpretar los tiempos verbales de acuerdo con otros criterios (semánticos, sintácticos y pragmáticos. Las conclusiones ratifican que determinadas concepciones de la práctica escolar constituyen un obstáculo para avanzar en la construcción del saber gramatical y apuntan la necesidad de revisar tanto los contenidos como las metodologías para aprender gramática en las aulas de primaria. Abstract: This article emphasizes the role of linguistic interaction, in peer-peer and peer-adult dialogue, in the construction of grammatical knowledge. Specifically, the study is part of an empirical research that explores the understanding of three uses of the present tense (habitual, timeless and retrospective by a group of students in their 3rd and 6th year of

  7. Lingüística y formación profesional: el caso de la Licenciatura en Educación Indígena de la Universidad Pedagógica Nacional-Ajusco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucina García García

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available El siguiente texto es una reflexión a partir de mi experiencia como profesora de la Licenciatura en Educación indígena de la UPN-Ajusco. A lo largo del documento hago consideraciones sobre la pertinencia de incluir contenidos lingüísticos en la formación de profesionales en el campo de la educación Intercultural Bilingüe y enfatizo la perspectiva desde la cual deben trabajarse dichos contenidos. Desde esta óptica, afirmo que es desde la lingüística aplicada que se debe considerar el trabajo con los elementos lingüísticos y que, dicha perspectiva, debemanejarse como metodología, retomando su dimensión social, perspectiva considerada en el Plan Curricular de la Licenciatura en Educación Indígena que se imparte en la Universidad Pedagógica Nacional.

  8. The ScaLIng Macroweather Model (SLIMM): using scaling to forecast global-scale macroweather from months to decades

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lovejoy, S.; del Rio Amador, L.; Hébert, R.

    2015-09-01

    On scales of ≈ 10 days (the lifetime of planetary-scale structures), there is a drastic transition from high-frequency weather to low-frequency macroweather. This scale is close to the predictability limits of deterministic atmospheric models; thus, in GCM (general circulation model) macroweather forecasts, the weather is a high-frequency noise. However, neither the GCM noise nor the GCM climate is fully realistic. In this paper we show how simple stochastic models can be developed that use empirical data to force the statistics and climate to be realistic so that even a two-parameter model can perform as well as GCMs for annual global temperature forecasts. The key is to exploit the scaling of the dynamics and the large stochastic memories that we quantify. Since macroweather temporal (but not spatial) intermittency is low, we propose using the simplest model based on fractional Gaussian noise (fGn): the ScaLIng Macroweather Model (SLIMM). SLIMM is based on a stochastic ordinary differential equation, differing from usual linear stochastic models (such as the linear inverse modelling - LIM) in that it is of fractional rather than integer order. Whereas LIM implicitly assumes that there is no low-frequency memory, SLIMM has a huge memory that can be exploited. Although the basic mathematical forecast problem for fGn has been solved, we approach the problem in an original manner, notably using the method of innovations to obtain simpler results on forecast skill and on the size of the effective system memory. A key to successful stochastic forecasts of natural macroweather variability is to first remove the low-frequency anthropogenic component. A previous attempt to use fGn for forecasts had disappointing results because this was not done. We validate our theory using hindcasts of global and Northern Hemisphere temperatures at monthly and annual resolutions. Several nondimensional measures of forecast skill - with no adjustable parameters - show excellent

  9. Actitudes lingüísticas en el Perú. Predominancia del castellano de la costa central y norte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Gloria Arias Torres

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Resumen Este artículo analiza las actitudes lingüísticas de los hablantes nativos de español de la ciudad de Lima hacia al español del Perú y hacia el español de los otros países hispanohablantes. El artículo es parte de los resultados del Proyecto LIAS (Linguistic Identity and Attitudes in Spanish-speaking Latin America, financiado por El Consejo Noruego de Investigación (RCN. La recolección de los datos se realizó en la capital del país, entrevistando a una muestra de 400 informantes previamente estratificada con las variables de edad, sexo y nivel socioeconómico. Como conclusión se ha comprobado que la mayoría de la población identifica su forma de hablar con las variedades de las zonas de la costa central y norte. Específicamente tienen valoración positiva las hablas de Lima y Trujillo; la valoración negativa se observa en algunas hablas de la capital, la sierra sur, la sierra central, y el oriente norte, por considerarlas formas muy diferentes, con acentos muy marcados. Abstract This article analyzes the linguistic attitudes of native Spanish speakers from Lima towards Spanish spoken in Peru and in the other Spanish-speaking countries. It is a result of the LIAS-Project (Linguistic Identity and Attitudes in Spanish-speaking Latin America, funded by The Research Council of Norway (RCN. The data were gathered in the capital of the country, interviewing a stratified sample of 400 respondents, based on the variables of age, sex and socioeconomic status. The results confirm that most of the population of the capital perceive their own speech to be very similar to the Spanish spoken in the central and northern regions of the country. The Spanish variety of Lima and Trujillo are valued positively, while some dialects of the capital, the southern and central sierras and the northeastern region are considered very different due to their strong accents.

  10. Competencias lingüísticas y alumnado inmigrante en Cataluña. El caso del colectivo de origen hispanohablante

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Luis Navarro

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available En la actualidad se constata una presencia elevada de alumnado de origen extranjero en los centros educativos del Estado español en general y en Cataluña en particular. En este contexto, el desarrollo de niveles de competencia lingüística suficientes para poder seguir la escolaridad sea uno de los elementos que genera una mayor preocupación en la escuela. En el caso de Cataluña, tiene especial relevancia al tratarse de un sistema educativo organizado bajo los parámetros de la educación bilingüe. Con este marco de fondo, se analiza la competencia lingüística en catalán y castellano de 262 alumnos inmigrantes, atendiendo específicamente al hecho de ≪ser o no ser hispanohablante≫. Los resultados fueron comparados con 341 alumnos autóctonos de Educación Secundaria Obligatoria. Los datos resultantes de testar dicha competencia, contrastada con los obtenidos por sus iguales autóctonos, muestran diferencias a favor de estos últimos realmente importantes.

  11. Ser y estar. Fenomenología y lingüística: Un acercamiento a la comprensión de la cultura latinoamericana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Witton Becerra Mayorga

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available La fenomenología en la tradición del pensamiento europeo es la corriente filosófica de inflexión que permite pensar otros modos de ser de la cultura de otros pueblos, de otros ethos , como lo es el del hombre latinoamericano. En el siguiente trabajo me permito postular para el caso de América Latina una nueva forma de concebir la cultura desde las bases de la fenomenología como punto de inexión del pensamiento occi - dental que posibilita crear nuevos espacios de conformación de nuestro modo de ser. Lo primero que hago es definir las profundas separaciones entre la lingüística tradicional y positiva con una lingüística de la significación cercana a los postulados de una feno - menología del lenguaje. Luego de esto, bosquejo una legitimación del pensamiento situado para referirme al caso de la inexión de la fenomenología para pensar la cultura latinoamericana haciendo énfasis en la literatura. Y, nalmente, trato la cuestión del ser y el estar como característica gramatical y ontológica de Latinoamérica como punto eje para pensar nuestra cultura en nuestro tiempo, en una época de crisis.

  12. ¿Homo loquens neanderthalensis? En torno a las capacidades simbólicas y lingüísticas del Neandertal.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Balari, Sergio

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available El reciente análisis de ADN fósil de dos Neandertales procedentes de la Cueva El Sidrón (Asturias ha revelado que los Neandertales poseían las mutaciones del gen FOXP2 consideradas especificas de los humanos modernos. Dado que FOXP2 está implicado en el desarollo y uso del lenguaje, tal hallazgo está provocando una revisión de las capacidades simbólicas y comunicativas atribuidas hasta ahora a la referida especie. El objetivo de este trabajo es triple: (1 aclaramos que dichas mutaciones no pueden considerarse causa suficiente para atribuir a un organismo una facultad lingüística compleja; (2 el hallazgo no puede, por tanto, usarse para defender que los Neandertales tenían una facultad lingüistíca de tipo moderno; (3 defendemos que la asimetría comportamental entre Neandertales y humanos modernos que muestra el registro arqueológico tampoco es compatible con tal visión.

  13. Discriminación lingüística y contracultura escolar indígena en la Ciudad de México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Hernández-Rosete

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available La discriminación lingüística escolar es una forma de racismo cuya resistencia está poco documentada. En este artículo analizamos las creencias que favorecen la discriminación escolar de indígenas migrantes bilingües y describimos algunas de las respuestas que además existen como mecanismos de contracultura escolar. Realizamos una investigación fenomenológica de tipo constructivista social, cuyo trabajo de campo se realizó en dos escuelas del barrio de La Merced ubicado en la Ciudad de México. Encontramos que la pobreza, la condición migrante y el trabajo infantil persisten como estigmas en la vida escolar. Sin embargo la dificultad para hablar español es quizá la causa de violencia escolar más severa porque se naturaliza a través de apodos y burlas, pero paradójicamente genera un modelo de bilingüismo contracultural que fortalece las identidades lingüísticas de forma lúdica.

  14. La experiencia visual de los sordos. Consideraciones políticas, lingüísticas y epistemológicas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonardo Peluso

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Resumen Este trabajo pretende deconstruir la concepción, largamente extendida del carácter visual de los sordos. Esta concepción supone, en general, una banalización de las relaciones que los sordos establecen con el mundo circundante y se nutre de una perspectiva discapacitológica de la sordera. En el caso de la educación, esta banalización llevaría a la idea de que el carácter visual de los sordos puede y debe ser construido pedagógicamente. Nosotros mostraremos que la relación de los sordos con lo visual cobra particular sentido cuando pensamos que la lengua del grupo discurre por el canal visual y que eso confiere particularidades a su experiencia lingüística y discursiva. Los sordos organizan el mundo lingüístico y enunciativo en el plano visual y, desde esa perspectiva, se puede considerar que el carácter visual de los sordos no les es externo, sino constitutivo de su subjetividad y de la forma en que organizan la realidad.

  15. Persuasión lingüística para la defensa de la tierra: El Título Primordial de Santiago Sula

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta Puente González

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Los pueblos de indios de la Nueva España crearon, a fines de la época colonial, una forma de  defender sus territorios ante la amenaza de colonos españoles, criollos y otros indios que usurpaban ilegalmente terrenos e intentaban rentabilizar el control de las tierras. Empezaron a producir un tipo de textos, sus Títulos Primordiales, que presentaban en los juicios para demostrar la titularidad de sus posesiones. No son textos del tipo administrativo, sino que insertan narraciones con los acontecimientos pasados más importantes para la comunidad. Pero principalmente son escritos que fueron pensados para persuadir a los receptores de la veracidad de sus argumentos. Buscaban convencer, en lo lingüístico y textual, para tener efecto en la vida real: que no se les arrebatase sus tierras. En este trabajo se abordará la aproximación a este tipo textual mediante el estudio, desde la pragmática lingüística y el análisis del discurso, del Título Primordial de Santiago Sula, un documento paradigmático del género. Con ello se quiere demostrar que el Título Primordial de Santiago Sulase caracteriza por una estructura argumentativa con un narrador que dispone de distintos tipos de argumentos y otras estrategias textuales para reforzar la única conclusión final: la defensa dela tierra.

  16. Aproximación al modelo lingüístico español: un apunte crítico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio López Castillo

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo no se trata tanto de un completo desarrollo del régimen constitucional de las lenguas españolas, como de una crítica formulación de algunas de las consecuencias más notorias—así, en particular, en relación con la evolución del régimen lingüístico en el sistema público educativo— de una confluencia de políticas y derechos lingüísticos, tanto más (inequívoca, cuanto más intenso es el proceso de inmersión en la respectiva lengua propia, como bien acredita, en el tracto que va del (derogado Estatuto de 1979 al (recurrido Estatuto de 2006, la política de progresiva afirmación de la centralidad de la lengua catalana en la escuela pública.

  17. Modelo didáctico de la comprensión de textos escritos desde una perspectiva lingüistico-pedagógica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Odalis Lorié Gonz.ález

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Se aborda un modelo didáctico de la comprensión de textos escritos desde una perspectiva lingüfstico-pedagógica. Se concibe a\tpartir de la preparación de los estudiantes de primer año inicial de la carrera Licenciatura en Educación Primaria, favoreciendo el desarrollo de modos de actuación profesional. Se destacanlas relaciones dialécticas que se establecen entre: la dimensión desciframiento de significados. la dimensión de orientación y la dimensión de intervención metodológica, cuyo referente teórico es el Enfoque Histórico - Culturalde Vigotsky y sus seguidores, con énfasis en la Zona de Desarrollo Próximo, y el Enfoque Cognitivo Comunicativo y Sociocultura,l de Angeilna Roméu Escobar que se fundamenta en la Lingüistica Textual.

  18. Breve recorrido histórico-lingüístico en la Sicilia de la Guerra de las Vísperas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salvatore Bartolotta

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Desde el punto de vista de la historia lingüistica, 1282 representa un cambio significativo en la vida siciliana. Además de una dirección política diferente, y por lo tanto lingüistica (hacia la Península Ibérica más que hacia Francia, que la isla empezó a experimentar y que probablemente permanecería durante algunos siglos, la consecuencia más significativa de las Vísperas, por lo que nos interesa, fue la ruptura de relaciones con la parte meridional de la península.From the point of view of linguistic history, 1282 represents a significant change in Sicilian life. Apart form a different political direction, and therefore linguistic (towards the Iberian Península more than towards Franco, that the island started to experiment and that would probably remain for a few centuries, the most significant consequence of the Vespers, as far as we are concerned, was the break-up of relations with the southern part of the península.

  19. Right upper quadrant pain

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ralls, P.W.; Colletti, P.M.; Boswell, W.D. Jr.; Halls, J.M.

    1984-01-01

    Historically, assessment of acute right upper quadrant abdominal pain has been a considerable clinical challenge. While clinical findings and laboratory data frequently narrow the differential diagnosis, symptom overlap generally precludes definitive diagnosis among the various diseases causing acute right upper quadrant pain. Fortunately, the advent of newer diagnostic imaging modalities has greatly improved the rapidity and reliability of diagnosis in these patients. An additional challenge to the physician, with increased awareness of the importance of cost effectiveness in medicine, is to select appropriate diagnostic schema that rapidly establish accurate diagnoses in the most economical fashion possible. The dual goals of this discussion are to assess not only the accuracy of techniques used to evaluate patients with acute right upper quadrant pain, but also to seek out cost-effective, coordinated imaging techniques to achieve this goal

  20. Upper airway evaluation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hoffman, E.A.; Gefter, W.B.; Schnall, M.; Nordberg, J.; Listerud, J.; Lenkinski, R.E.

    1988-01-01

    The authors are evaluating upper-airway sleep disorders with magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and x-ray cine computed tomography (CT). Fixed structural anatomy is visualized with multisection spin-echo MR imaging, the dynamic component with cine CT. Unique aspects of the study are described in this paper

  1. Formas lingüisticas en inglés para la atracción, captación y persuasión del cliente 2.0 del ambito turístico

    OpenAIRE

    Benavente Sánchez, Humberto

    2014-01-01

    Este trabajo versa sobre las estrategias lingüísticas utilizadas en el medio web en lengua anglosajona. Se profundiza en la promoción turística en internet y en la importancia del inglés a nivel internacional. Grado en Turismo

  2. Política, planificación y minorias lingüísticas en Europa: ¿qué porvenir para el próximo siglo?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soledad Pérez

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available En Europa, las relaciones internacionales han aumentado de manera tan notable desde la Segunda Guerra Mundial que los contactos entre los pueblos de lenguas diferentes se han multiplicado gracias a los medios de transporte y de comunicación. Europa se caracteriza por una gran diversidad lingüística, consecuencia de la evolución histórica de los países, de las migraciones de poblaciones, de los flujos de refugiados. de las políticas económicas, culturales, lingüísticas y educativas. Las fronteras de las lenguas no siempre coinciden con las fronteras políticas y administrativas de los Estados, lo que puede fomentar el desarrollo de los conflictos. Las minorías lingüísticas reivindican el derecho a la enseñanza en La lengua materna. Se han encontrado, sin embargo, varias soluciones a este problema, tales como la introducción de las lenguas regionales en el currículo y/o la educación bilingüe en las regiones lingüísticas. La pregunta clave de este artículo es: ¿qué educación bilingüe (lengua materna/lengua mayoritaria del país es posible en el próximo siglo?. 

  3. La lexicografía y su relación con otras disciplinas independientes como la lingüística y la ciencia de la información

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tarp, Sven

    2015-01-01

    los importantes resultados que se han logado dentro de otras disciplinas independientes, como p.ej. la lingüística y la ciencia de la información, ya que recomienda que se haga amplio uso de estos resultados pero solo después de hacerlos pasar por un filtro que determina lo que es relevante o...

  4. Variação lingüística e alfabetização: um estudo com crianças da primeira série do ensino fundamental

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sylvia Domingos Barrera

    Full Text Available A pesquisa teve como objetivo investigar a influência da variação lingüística sobre a aquisição da linguagem escrita. Participaram da pesquisa 65 alunos de três classes da primeira série de uma escola pública de ensino fundamental. O material utilizado para avaliar o nível de variação lingüística das crianças foi aplicado no início do ano escolar. As provas utilizadas para avaliar os níveis de leitura e escrita foram aplicadas no início e final do ano letivo. A análise estatística mostrou correlação negativa significativa entre os níveis iniciais de variação lingüística e o desempenho final das crianças em leitura, sugerindo que a utilização de linguagem não-padrão pelos alunos pode dificultar o processo de alfabetização, sobretudo quando não trabalhada adequadamente pelas professoras. Os resultados obtidos sugerem a importância de uma efetiva difusão dos conhecimentos lingüísticos e sociolingüísticos, através dos cursos de formação de professores alfabetizadores.

  5. Nuevos modos de interacción educativa: análisis lingüístico de un foro virtual Novos modos de interação educativa: análise lingüística de um foro virtual New Modes of Educational Interaction: Linguistic Analysis of a Virtual Forum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexánder Arbey Sánchez-Upegui

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available El artículo, resultado de investigación, propone estrategias para lograr una adecuada interacción educativa entre estudiantes y docentes, a partir del análisis de un foro virtual universitario. El foro es una comunicación grupal, dialógica, temática, asincrónica y argumentativa, orientada a generar un proceso de construcción de conocimiento. El marco conceptual y metodológico de la investigación se centró en elementos del discurso especializado de carácter educativo, como: el análisis lingüístico de la interacción mediatizada por computador, la ciberpragmática, la teoría de la cortesía, la argumentación y el principio cooperativo de la comunicación. Como conclusión general, puede decirse que la formación de estudiantes y docentes en estrategias de argumentación, corrección lingüística e interacción, desde una perspectiva lingüístico-textual y ciberpragmática, es imprescindible para el desarrollo de competencias colaborativas, comunicativas y científicas en la educación superior virtual.Este artigo, resultado de pesquisa, oferece algumas estratégias para conseguir uma adequada interação educativa entre estudantes e docentes, partindo da análise de um foro virtual universitário. O foro é uma comunicação grupal, dialógica, temática, assíncrona e argumentativa, dirigida a produzir um processo de construção de conhecimento. O marco teórico e metodológico da pesquisa se fundamentou em elementos especializados do discurso educativo, como a análise lingüística da interação assistida por ordenador, a ciberpragmática, a teoria da cortesia, a argumentação e o princípio cooperativo da comunicação. Como conclusão, se afirma que a formação de estudantes e docentes em estratégias de argumentação, correção lingüística e interação, desde uma perspectiva lingüístico-textual e ciberpragmática, é indispensável para o desenvolvimento das competências colaborativas, comunicativas e cient

  6. Upper urinary tract tumors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gandrup, Karen L; Nordling, Jørgen; Balslev, Ingegerd

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Computed tomography urography (CTU) is used widely in the work-up of patients with symptoms of urinary tract lesions. Preoperative knowledge of whether a tumor is invasive or non-invasive is important for the choice of surgery. So far there are no studies about the distinction...... of invasive and non-invasive tumors in ureter and renal pelvis based on the enhancement measured with Hounsfield Units. PURPOSE: To examine the value of CTU using split-bolus technique to distinguish non-invasive from invasive urothelial carcinomas in the upper urinary tract. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients...... obtained at CTU could distinguish between invasive and non-invasive lesions. No patients had a CTU within the last year before the examination that resulted in surgery. CONCLUSION: A split-bolus CTU cannot distinguish between invasive and non-invasive urothelial tumors in the upper urinary tract...

  7. Debate sobre la indeterminación de la traducción lingüística propuesta por W.V. Quine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrzej Lukomski

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo pretende invitar a una discusión frente a la pro - puesta de Quine, quien plantea la hipótesis de la indeterminación de la traducción lingüística. El debate que se libró alrededor de esta hipótesis quisiera trasladarlo al campo de las ciencias naturales con el fin de buscar la fundamentación de un nuevo sistema de racionalidad, que permite superar el modelo positivista de las ciencias naturales, el cual, con sus suposiciones reduccionistas, obstaculiza el trabajo interdisciplinar que se propone en los tiempos de globalización. En la propuesta quiniana, a mi modo de ver, podemos encontrar valiosos elementos teóricos que abren las posibilidades a nuevos paradigmas de la ciencia.

  8. Transferencia de procedimientos de investigación lingüística a la enseñanza de la lengua materna

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gómez Prieto Ana Cristina

    1996-06-01

    Full Text Available

    A partir de la metodología de investigación adoptada para establecer el grado de desarrollo de la competencia comunicativa en lengua materna de niños en diferentes grados de escolaridad, el presente documento introduce una serie de pautas metodológicas para incrementar dicha competencia. El principio básico de esta metodología es la producción y comprensión de textos orales y escritos de diverso tipo, una vez se haya establecido el conocimiento ideativo, lingüístico y expresivo (Coseríu, 1991 que posee el niño, conjunto de saberes que constituyen su competencia comunicativa.

  9. Algunas particularidades socioculturales y lingüísticas del proceso de enseñanza – aprendizaje de ELE a inmigrantes rusohablantes en España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kunetsov, Georgy

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo basado en la memoria final del Máster en Enseñanza de Español como Lengua Extranjera (UIMP, 2007-2008, tutora Claudia Fernández Silva trata algunos aspectos socioculturales y lingüísticos del alumnado inmigrante procedente de los países de la extinta URSS y las particularidades del proceso enseñanza – aprendizaje que influyen en el trabajo de un profesor de ELE en España. Se da un breve análisis de las principales dificultades morfológicas, sintácticas y otras, al igual que del bagaje sociocultural y emocional del inmigrante rusohablante y el papel del profesor en el proceso de integración.

  10. Fundamentos lingüísticos del lenguaje periodístico y jurídico-administrativo. Linguistic foundations of the Journalistic and Juridical-Administrative Language

    OpenAIRE

    Oliva Marañón, Carlos

    2012-01-01

    El lenguaje humano está en constante evolución y el léxico es su repertorio más mutable. El objetivo de este trabajo es el estudio del léxico de la Administración para una mejor comprensión por parte de los ciudadanos. Este lenguaje presenta una idiosincrasia definida, no sólo de léxico, gramática y estilo, sino también de teoría lingüística. Los lenguajes periodístico y jurídico-administrativo constituyen una sinergia entre la lengua global, la lengua general y el lenguaje de especialidad. L...

  11. El Sesgo Lingüístico y los Estereotipos de Género: La Maternidad para las Mujeres no Madres

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Consuelo Paterna

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available El estudio del rol maternal desde la perspectiva de género, viene confirmando la reproducción de los estereotipos sexuales. El presente estudio analiza la representación social de la maternidad y no-maternidad en una muestra de 90 mujeres no madres con empleo. Un análisis de contenido y la aplicación del modelo de categorías lingüísticas fueron usados para analizar las respuestas producidas en una tarea de asociación libre. Los datos muestran que las participantes producen un estereotipo positivo de la maternidad y negativo de la no-maternidad. Los resultados se comentan con relación a otros estudios realizados con madres en los que se obtienen datos similares

  12. La influencia de la música en la inteligencia lingüística y cinética-corporal

    OpenAIRE

    Muñoz García de la Plaza, María Dolores

    2015-01-01

    El presente Trabajo de Fin de Grado trata de dar a conocer la importancia que poseen las inteligencias múltiples en la etapa de Educación Infantil. Dado al amplio abanico que estas abarcan, nos hemos centrado en la lingüística y cinética-corporal, viendo cuáles son sus repercusiones en el desarrollo de los niños. Además, se ha estudiado cómo influye la música en la etapa de Educación Infantil: La suma de las inteligencias y la educación musical imprime un carácter más completo y global ...

  13. Pensando con Bourdieu contra Bourdieu: una crítica metodológica del mercado lingüístico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cendales Andrés

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Con base en la metodología de la lógica situacional que Popper (1997 formula para las ciencias
    sociales, este artículo discute la consistencia metodológica con la cual Bourdieu (2000 usa la
    noción de mercado lingüístico en el análisis sociológico sobre el discurso. Se muestra la existencia
    de dos nociones de racionalidad económica, de tal manera que, los agentes de decisión, al mismo
    tiempo actúan con una dotación de racionalidad sustantiva y otra de racionalidad acotada.

  14. in upper gastrointestinal endoscopy

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    Sinan Uzman

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction : There is increasing interest in sedation for upper gastrointestinal endoscopy (UGE. Prospective randomized studies comparing sedation properties and complications of propofol and midazolam/meperidine in upper gastrointestinal endoscopy (UGE are few. Aim: To compare propofol and midazolam/meperidine sedation for UGE in terms of cardiopulmonary side effects, patient and endoscopist satisfaction and procedure-related times. Material and methods: This was a prospective, randomized, double-blind study of propofol versus midazolam and meperidine in 100 patients scheduled for diagnostic upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. The patients were divided into propofol and midazolam/meperidine groups. Randomization was generated by a computer. Cardiopulmonary side effects (hypotension, bradycardia, hypoxemia, procedure-related times (endoscopy time, awake time, time to hospital discharge, and patient and endoscopist satisfaction were compared between groups. Results: There was no significant difference between the groups with respect to the cost, endoscopy time, or demographic and clinical characteristics of the patients. Awake time and time to hospital discharge were significantly shorter in the propofol group (6.58 ±4.72 vs. 9.32 ±4.26 min, p = 0.030 and 27.60 ±7.88 vs. 32.00 ±10.54 min, p = 0.019. Hypotension incidence was significantly higher in the propofol group (12% vs. 0%, p = 0.027. The patient and endoscopist satisfaction was better with propofol. Conclusions : Propofol may be preferred to midazolam/meperidine sedation, with a shorter awake and hospital discharge time and better patient and endoscopist satisfaction. However, hypotension risk should be considered with propofol, and careful evaluation is needed, particularly in cardiopulmonary disorders.

  15. Upper extremity golf injuries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohn, Michael A; Lee, Steven K; Strauss, Eric J

    2013-01-01

    Golf is a global sport enjoyed by an estimated 60 million people around the world. Despite the common misconception that the risk of injury during the play of golf is minimal, golfers are subject to a myriad of potential pathologies. While the majority of injuries in golf are attributable to overuse, acute traumatic injuries can also occur. As the body's direct link to the golf club, the upper extremities are especially prone to injury. A thorough appreciation of the risk factors and patterns of injury will afford accurate diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of further injury.

  16. Young people’s world-mindedness and the global dimension in their geography education : a comparative study of upper secondary school students’ ideas in Finland, Germany and the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Béneker, T.; Tani, S.; Uphues, R.; van der Vaart, R.J.F.M.

    2013-01-01

    Geography is one of the most important school subjects for the development of global awareness and international understanding. Curricular concepts and pedagogical strategies for developing global awareness through geography abound. What is largely unknown, however, is howyoung peoplemake sense of

  17. Transformation of Taiwan's Upper Secondary Education System

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    Hueih-Lirng Laih

    1998-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores the policy issues circling around the structural "transition" in upper secondary education implicit in the twenty-year increase in secondary and third-level school enrollment rates in Taiwan. This expansion has taken place within a secondary school system which is rigidly divided into both general, i.e., academic, and vocational tracks and into public and private sectors: the majority of students are enrolled in the private vocational sector which is only loosely articulated with the university sector. These features of the school system are analysed against the background of social and economic developments in Taiwan as well as public opinion. The analysis suggests that the present structures of school must be "reformed" in ways that will result in a more unified secondary system with both greater public funding and better articulation of all school types with the third level. The policy options that circle around the possibility of such reforms in the areas of curriculum, examination structures and second level-third level articulation are discussed and a policy framework for the reform of the Taiwan secondary education sector is outlined.

  18. Prioritizing Elementary School Writing Instruction: Cultivating Middle School Readiness for Students with Learning Disabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ciullo, Stephen; Mason, Linda

    2017-01-01

    Helping elementary students with learning disabilities (LD) prepare for the rigor of middle school writing is an instructional priority. Fortunately, several standards-based skills in upper elementary school and middle school overlap. Teachers in upper elementary grades, specifically fourth and fifth grades, have the opportunity to provide…

  19. Gramática y producción textual: bases lingüísticas para la intervención didáctica | Grammar and Textual production: Linguistic Bases for Educational Intervention

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Javier Perea Siller

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Resumen El aprendizaje de la gramática en la enseñanza secundaria continúa utilizando una metodología deductiva, a la vez que se presenta desconectada de los otros componentes de la enseñanza-aprendizaje de la asignatura Lengua castellana y literatura. Para escapar de los planteamientos deductivos, en primer lugar adoptamos un punto de vista discursivo; en segundo lugar, proponemos partir del conocimiento de la producción escrita de los estudiantes, caracterizada por la pobreza de recursos y la presencia de errores. La Lingüística de Corpus permite conocer el primer aspecto, por ejemplo, nexos para conectar partes del texto. Por su parte, el Análisis de Errores revela las incorrecciones que en mayor medida cometen los estudiantes, tales como problemas de correferencia en textos narrativos o solecismos y errores pragmáticos en textos argumentativos. Estas dificultades, situadas en contextos textuales concretos, deben proponerse como los principales objetos de aprendizaje de la gramática a la vez que deben incidir en la forma en la que el profesor afronta la gramática. Abstract Secondary schools still use a deductive approach in learning grammar. Besides, grammar learning continues to be disconnected from the other components of the teaching and learning of the subject Lengua Castellana y Literatura. To avoid the deductive approach, firstly we adopt a discursive point of view; secondly, we propose to start with the knowledge of our students’ written productions, which are characterized mainly by poverty of resources and the presence of errors. Corpus Linguistics allows us to know the first aspect, for example, links to connect parts of the text. Meanwhile, Error Analysis reveals the inaccuracies that the students produce, such as coreference problems in narrative texts or solecisms and pragmatic errors in argumentative texts. Such difficulties, situated in specific textual contexts, should be proposed as the main objects of grammar

  20. 日本高級中等教育的「多樣化政策」分析:特色學校的教改理念與實施 Policies for the Diversification of Upper Secondary Education in Japan: Educational Reform Concepts and Their Implementation in Featured High Schools

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    劉語霏Yu-Fei Liu

    2014-03-01

    public has focused on school enrollment while overlooking the importance of school administration. In the postwar period, Japan implemented diversification policies for upper secondary education twice: in the 1960s and the 1990s. In the first phase, general education and vocational education were separated. In the second phase, featured high schools were promoted. Following the emergence of the comprehensive course in the 1990s, the government of Japan aggressively promoted special designations among high schools regardless of whether they were public, private, general, or specialized, including the Super Science High School, Super English Language High School, Becoming a Specialist, and Japanese Dual System designations. These designations were intended to develop schools’ characteristics, innovation, localization, and diversification, as well as to help schools implement featured curricula to become featured schools. The implementation of the featured high schools policy released teachers and students from existing curricula, leading them to develop creative teaching materials; it also provided junior high school students with multiple choices for secondary school. Moreover, it facilitated cooperation between local enterprises and high schools, and balanced development between urban and rural areas. This study suggests that for the 12-Year Basic Education policy, building featured high schools is not the same as eliminating elite high schools. Furthermore, it should not be confined to academic features. Although the enrollment strategy specified in the 12-Year Basic Education policy must be modified, the reform direction of the 12-Year Basic Education policy is in line with that implemented in Japan, and deserves recognition. Therefore, this study analyzed the development of policies for the diversification of upper secondary education in Japan through a literature review and a field survey. This study examined education reform concepts and their implementation in

  1. Oriental upper blepharoplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weng, Chau-Jin

    2009-02-01

    Aesthetic surgery of the upper eyelids is a very common procedure performed in cosmetic practices around the world. The word blepharoplasty, however, has a different meaning in Asia than it does elsewhere. Orientals have different periorbital anatomic characteristics, their motivations for seeking eyelid treatment are different, and operative techniques have been adapted consequently. There are also many eyelid shapes among Orientals, mostly with regard to the presence and location of the supratarsal fold and/or presence of an epicanthal fold. The surgeon must therefore master a range of surgical procedures to treat these variations adequately. It is critical to know the indications for each blepharoplasty technique as well as their complications to select the right surgery and avoid unfavorable results. Epicanthoplasty performed on the right patient can greatly improve aesthetic results while retaining ethnic characteristics. This article will discuss Oriental eyelid characteristics, preoperative patient assessment, commonly used corrective techniques for the "double-eyelid" creation, and complications and how to avoid them.

  2. Are young people caught in the time bind? A sociological analysis of how young people in an upper secondary school view the issue of finding time to do sports or exercise in their spare time

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thing, Lone Friis; Nielsen, Stine Frydendal; Ottesen, Laila Susanne

    2015-01-01

    New research shows that even young people, who are still undertaking an education, have difficulties with getting school, work, and family and leisure life to form a synthesis. The article reveals that young people’s relationship to sport and physical activity in leisure time is related to the yo......New research shows that even young people, who are still undertaking an education, have difficulties with getting school, work, and family and leisure life to form a synthesis. The article reveals that young people’s relationship to sport and physical activity in leisure time is related...... a link with the time strategies outlined by Hochschild. The young people’s understanding of everyday life and their experiences of the requirements for their involvement in the three spheres of their lives (school, work and leisure time) is creating varied new knowledge on young people’s leisure....

  3. Aproveitamento industrial de marisco na produção de lingüiça Shellfish industrial utilization to produce sausage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eliete da Silva Bispo

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Foram estudadas as condições do processamento e a aceitabilidade da lingüiça de vongole (Anomalocardia brasiliana, além de avaliar a estabilidade do produto congelado sob os aspectos químico, físico-químico, microbiológico e sensorial. O produto final obedeceu a seguinte formulação: 48% vongole, 5% proteína texturizada de soja, 15% água, 25% gordura suína, 3% albumina, 2% pré-mistura (sais de cura e NaCl, 1,5% condimentos e 0,5% urucum. O produto congelado ficou armazenado à temperatura de -18ºC durante três meses; periodicamente foi avaliado quanto ao pH, umidade, proteínas, lipídios, NBV, índice de peróxidos, reação de Kreiss, quanto à presença de microrganismos patogênicos e toxigênicos e quanto à aparência, aroma, sabor, textura. Os resultados apontaram que a lingüiça de vongole teve uma boa aceitação, com IA entre 78-87% para todos os atributos avaliados, especialmente em relação ao sabor e textura. As amostras foram avaliadas como sabor ideal de marisco e sabor ideal de condimentos por 66,67% e 73,33% dos provadores, respectivamente. Os resultados com o teste de atitude de intenção de compra mostraram que 46,67% dos consumidores tinham intenção provável ou certa de compra do produto. Os resultados da avaliação microbiológica, físico-química, química e sensorial da lingüiça de vongole, indicaram que o produto manteve-se estável, durante 90 dias de armazenamento a temperatura de -18ºC.It was studied the process and the acceptibility of the vongole (Anomalocardia brasiliana sausage, beyond to evaluate the stability of the frozen product as to chemical, physico-chemical, microbiological and sensory aspects. The vongole sausage had the following formulation: 48% vongole, 5% soy protein, 15% water, 25% swine fat, 3% albumin, 2% blend of cure salts and NaCl, 1.5% flavouring, 0.5% colouring. The final product was stored during three months at -18ºC, and the shelf life study included pH, moisture

  4. Selección y evaluación de fuentes de información para la elaboración de un corpus lingüístico

    OpenAIRE

    Valls Rodríguez, Núria

    2016-01-01

    El presente trabajo pretende analizar y seleccionar diversas fuentes bibliográficas que sirvan de ayuda para hacer un corpus lingüístico, concretamente en el ámbito de la cocina y la gastronomía. Para ello, se presenta una primera parte introductoria sobre la teoría de los corpus lingüísticos y sus elementos más destacados como por ejemplo su definición, su historia y sus particularidades más relevantes. En los siguientes capítulos, se desarrolla el análisis y selección de fuentes bibliográfi...

  5. Configuraciones retórico-lingüísticas del resumen en artículos científicos de economía: Contrastes en el interior de la disciplina

    OpenAIRE

    Stagnaro, Daniela

    2015-01-01

    En las últimas décadas, la lingüística especializada ha contribuido al conocimiento del discurso académico-científico, especialmente, de las características lingüístico- retóricas de géneros centrales de la comunicación científica. Entre ellos, el artículo científico y su resumen han recibido amplia atención por su centralidad en el proceso de investigación. Sin embargo, la bibliografía tiende a tratar el discurso de cada disciplina de manera homogénea sin considerar las ramas o los posiciona...

  6. La influencia de las estancias en el extranjero en el proceso de aprendizaje de segundas lenguas: análisis de experiencias a través de los relatos de vida lingüística

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pinar, Alex

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se presenta un trabajo de investigación sobre la influencia de las estancias en el extranjero en el proceso de aprendizaje de una lengua y el modo en que éstas favorecen la adquisición de competencias comunicativas, el conocimiento de la dimensión cultural de la L2 y el desarrollo de habilidades y actitudes interculturales. A partir de un relato de vida lingüística se analizan las experiencias y creencias de una informante que tiene certificaciones oficiales de nivel C2 en tres idiomas para determinar de qué modo estudiar en el extranjero ha influido en su formación lingüística.

  7. Escuela e inmigración: una presentación de estudios sobre el desarrollo de habilidades lingüísticas y procesos de interdependencia entre lenguas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ángel Huguet

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Al objeto de profundizar en el debate "inmigración-lengua-escuela", el trabajo presenta algunos datos derivados de la todavía escasa investigación sobre el tópico existente hasta el momento en España, poniendo especial énfasis en el caso catalán. Para ello, a partir de una breve revisión de la incidencia demográfica del fenómeno migratorio en el conjunto del Estado, mostramos los resultados de una serie de estudios centrados en: 1 el desarrollo de habilidades lingüísticas en la lengua de la escuela, y 2 el análisis de los procesos de interdependencia lingüística. Finalmente, se discuten posibles actuaciones que persiguen optimizar y reconsiderar la práctica educativa en las aulas multilingües.

  8. El género judicial. Materiales para su uso lingüístico / The judicial genre. Materials for its Linguistic study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susana Ridao Rodrigo

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: El objetivo de este libro es contribuir al estudio del género judicial mediante la utilización de corpus orales. En el ámbito anglosajón, la lingüística forense ha sido una línea de trabajo muy cultivada por diversos investigadores, como lingüistas, sociólogos, psicólogos o traductores; pues nos encontramos ante un campo de análisis interdisciplinar. Estamos convencidos de que en español se han realizado pocos estudios sobre juicios orales debido a las dificultades que conlleva conseguir el corpus. Por ello, en este volumen nos hemos propuesto presentar las transcripciones de doce juicios. Igualmente, en la introducción facilitamos algunos datos relevantes relacionados con el devenir histórico de este género discursivo. A su vez, hacemos una breve presentación del estado de la cuestión. Dentro de la explicación de las variables sociosemióticas que configuran los juicios, destacamos los participantes y las relaciones de poder, así como la distribución del espacio y del tiempo.Abstract: The aim of the following book is to contribute to the study of the judicial genre by using oral corpus of speech. With respect to Anglo-Saxon context, forensic linguistics has been a line of work cultivated by many different researchers, including linguists, sociologists, psychologists, and translators; therefore, we find ourselves among a vast field of interdisciplinary analyses. We are convinced that there have been very few studies conducted regarding trials in Spanish due to the difficulties of obtaining the oral corpus. For that reason, in this volume we have proposed to present the transcriptions of twelve trials. Likewise, in the introduction we provide research relevant to the historic evolution of this field. Shortly after, we make a brief background. Within the explanation of the socio-semiotic variables that shape each trial, we point out the participants and the relevance of power, such as the distribution of space and time.

  9. Representaciones y creencias en torno a la evaluación lingüística del adulto mayor con trastorno cognitivo leve

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    Beatriz Vallés

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Debido a los cambios demográficos que experimenta la población mundial cada día es más frecuente que los equipos de atención en el área de la logopedia deban atender adultos mayores con trastorno cognitivo leve (TCL, es decir, personas que presentan problemas en su memoria y otras funciones mentales, sin que los mismos interfieran con el desarrollo de sus actividades cotidianas (Speling et. al., 2011. Esta situación obliga a desarrollar acciones desde una nueva perspectiva epistemológica, ontológica y metodológica, especialmente en países en vías de desarrollo donde las personas mayores de 65 años se pueden enfrentar al aislamiento y la falta de servicios de salud pública, producto de una serie de representaciones negativas en torno al envejecimiento que atentan sobre su calidad de vida y determinan que los programas de formación profesional del logopeda deban abordar temas relacionados con el envejecimiento como proceso complejo y multifactorial. El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar las representaciones sociales que deban ser consideradas a la hora de elaborar una propuesta de evaluación lingüística dirigida al adulto mayor con TCL desde una perspectiva discursiva que permita el estudio del componente pragmático. Se plantea como alternativa el uso del análisis de la conversación entre pacientes e interlocutores claves como herramienta diagnóstica y la incorporación a los programas de formación profesional en Logopedia de contenidos sobre Psiquiatría, Lingüística Clínica, Geriatría y Gerontología a fin de alcanzar una práctica ajustada a los complejos marcos sociales donde se desarrolla actualmente la práctica logopédica en países en desarrollo.

  10. El procesamiento informático de los materiales del Atlas Lingüístico de la Península Ibérica de Tomás Navarro Tomás

    OpenAIRE

    García Mouton, Pilar

    2010-01-01

    Estas páginas dan noticia de la puesta en marcha de un proyecto intramural del CSIC para elaborar y editar definitivamente, en soporte informático, los materiales del Atlas Lingüístico de la Península Ibérica, que Tomás Navarro Tomás dirigió en la primera mitad del siglo XX.

  11. Upper airway resistance syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montserrat, J M; Badia, J R

    1999-03-01

    This article reviews the clinical picture, diagnosis and management of the upper airway resistance syndrome (UARS). Presently, there is not enough data on key points like the frequency of UARS and the morbidity associated with this condition. Furthermore, the existence of LIARS as an independent sleep disorder and its relation with snoring and obstructive events is in debate. The diagnosis of UARS is still a controversial issue. The technical limitations of the classic approach to monitor airflow with thermistors and inductance plethysmography, as well as the lack of a precise definition of hypopnea, may have led to a misinterpretation of UARS as an independent diagnosis from the sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome. The diagnosis of this syndrome can be missed using a conventional polysomnographic setting unless appropriate techniques are applied. The use of an esophageal balloon to monitor inspiratory effort is currently the gold standard. However, other sensitive methods such as the use of a pneumotachograph and, more recently, nasal cannula/pressure transducer systems or on-line monitoring of respiratory impedance with the forced oscillation technique may provide other interesting possibilities. Recognition and characterization of this subgroup of patients within sleep breathing disorders is important because they are symptomatic and may benefit from treatment. Management options to treat UARS comprise all those currently available for sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome (SAHS). However, the subset of patients classically identified as LIARS that exhibit skeletal craneo-facial abnormalities might possibly obtain further benefit from maxillofacial surgery.

  12. Upper Illinois River basin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friedel, Michael J.

    1998-01-01

    During the past 25 years, industry and government made large financial investments that resulted in better water quality across the Nation; however, many water-quality concerns remain. Following a 1986 pilot project, the U.S. Geological Survey began implementation of the National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Program in 1991. This program differs from other national water-quality assessment studies in that the NAWQA integrates monitoring of surface- and ground-water quality with the study of aquatic ecosystems. The goals of the NAWQA Program are to (1) describe current water-quality conditions for a large part of the Nation's freshwater streams and aquifers (water-bearing sediments and rocks), (2) describe how water quality is changing over time, and (3) improve our understanding of the primary natural and human factors affecting water quality.The Upper Illinois River Basin National Water- Quality Assessment (NAWQA) study will increase the scientific understanding of surface- and ground-water quality and the factors that affect water quality in the basin. The study also will provide information needed by water-resource managers to implement effective water-quality management actions and evaluate long-term changes in water quality.

  13. Competencias lingüísticas de docentes de párvulos. Un análisis del discurso conversacional de profesionales de la Junta Nacional de Jardines Infantiles

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    Sandra Ruperta Pérez Lisboa

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Recibido 02 de junio de 2013 • Corregido 27 de setiembre de 2013 • Aceptado 01 de octubre de 2013 Las competencias lingüísticas de docentes de párvulos son un referente continuo en el desarrollo del lenguaje de niñas y niños. Esto, porque son un modelo, debido a que utilizan constantemente la comunicación oral para trabajar, jugar o dar instrucciones. En relación con esta premisa, esta investigación tiene por objetivo analizar las competencias lingüísticas de un grupo de educadoras de párvulos del nivel transición menor.  Con base en la observación de docentes que trabajan en la Junta Nacional de Jardines Infantiles –de la zona poniente de la provincia de Santiago–, se realizó un estudio relativo al discurso conversacional de las profesionales. Se plantea que la posesión de mayores competencias lingüísticas, por parte de educadores, favorece el desarrollo del lenguaje oral de los párvulos.

  14. La lingüística hoy: su (reconfiguración a través de los diferentes objetos de estudio Modern linguistics: its (reconfiguration through the different obJects of study

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    Miguel Ángel Mahecha Bermúdez

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo se sitúa en el ámbito de la historiografía lingüística. El propósito es mostrar las condiciones extra e interdisciplinares que permiten la configuración de objetos de estudio particulares a medida que las comunidades científicas evolucionan. Se verá que la lingüística actual (cognitiva es el resultado de un largo proceso de pulimento del objeto de estudio de la lingüística general, considerada aquella no solo como campo disciplinar, sino también como una actividad "cerebral" humana.This work is located within the field of Linguistic Historiography. The goal is to show the extra and interdisciplinary conditions that allow for the configuration of a particular object of study along with the evolution of the scientific communities. It will be demonstrated that current linguistics (cognitive linguistics is the result of a long process of improvement of the object of study of general linguistics and that cognitive linguistics is not only a discipline but also an activity of the human brain.

  15. A Second Chance School in Hungary

    Science.gov (United States)

    Limbacher, Laszlo

    2008-01-01

    Hungary's "Belvarosi Tanoda" Secondary School offers an informal, flexible environment and alternative teaching methods for students who have had problems in other schools. The "Belvarosi Tanoda" (which translates as downtown school) is a second chance school for students who have dropped out of upper secondary education. It…

  16. Vocational Education and Training, Vocational Baccalaureate or Academic High School? An Empirical Analysis of Social Selective Transitions to Upper Secondary Education in the German-Speaking Part of Switzerland

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    Becker Rolf

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available We analyze the educational decision at the end of compulsory schooling in the German-speaking part of Switzerland. In order to reveal the social selectivity of this decision we adapted the theory of subjectively expected utility to the Swiss context. We apply and test an innovative model with panel data. The variation of achievement and educational decision across social classes largely explains the selectivity of this transition.

  17. The Role of Migration and Single Motherhood in Upper Secondary Education in Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Creighton, Mathew J.; Park, Hyunjoon; Teruel, Graciela M.

    2009-01-01

    We investigated the link between migration, family structure, and the risk of dropping out of upper secondary school in Mexico. Using two waves of the Mexican Family Life Survey, which includes 1,080 upper secondary students, we longitudinally modeled the role of family structure in the subsequent risk of dropping out, focusing on the role of…

  18. Scientific Reasoning and Its Relationship with Problem Solving: The Case of Upper Primary Science Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alshamali, Mahmoud A.; Daher, Wajeeh M.

    2016-01-01

    This study aimed at identifying the levels of scientific reasoning of upper primary stage (grades 4-7) science teachers based on their use of a problem-solving strategy. The study sample (N = 138; 32 % male and 68 % female) was randomly selected using stratified sampling from an original population of 437 upper primary school teachers. The…

  19. A negação: teoria da checagem e mudança lingüística Negation: checking theory and linguistic change

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    Lorenzo VITRAL

    1999-02-01

    Full Text Available Esse artigo analisa o fenômeno da concordância negativa de acordo com a teoria da checagem do Programa Minimalista (Chomsky, 1995. Comparando os dados do português brasileiro com os de outras línguas, fomos levados a considerar fatos de natureza diacrônica que foram descritos através da noção de gramaticalização (Hopper & Traugott, 1993. Finalmente, fizemos a hipótese de que as etapas de mudança lingüística previstas por essa noção são "visíveis" para o sistema computacional.This paper proposes an analysis of the negative agreement phenomenon assuming the checking theory of the Minimalist Program (Chomsky, 1995. After comparing Brazilian Portuguese with other languages, it was necessary to consider some diachronic facts described through the notion of grammaticalization (Hopper & Traugott, 1993. Finally, we claim that the stages of linguistic change presupposed by this notion are "visible" to the computational system.

  20. A bibliometria na exploração de bases de dados: a importância da Lingüística

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    Rogério Mugnaini

    Full Text Available A utilização das bases de dados para levantamento do estado da arte, procedimento necessário a qualquer pesquisador, exige dos mesmos a definição de estratégias para a recuperação eficaz da informação. A Bibliometria pode ser uma ferramenta útil neste processo, permitindo a filtragem de grandes quantidades de informação. Por se tratar de uma análise estatística de dados, a qualidade destes dados é de vital importância e o procedimento de indexação para representação da informação se torna essencial. Pretende-se aclarar a importância da Estatística, Lingüística e Indexação para a Ciência da Informação, focalizando alguns aspectos de suas relações e destacando a necessidade da utilização conjunta dessas disciplinas.

  1. A campo traviesa entre los Círculos Lingüísticos: la problemática de la semiótica

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    Ana Goutman Bender

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo, la autora analiza la problemática de la semiótica a la luz de algunos de sus exponentes más descollantes (Mathesius, Jakobson, Havránek y Mukarovský, Bogatyrev, Trubetskói, Courtenay, Saussure, Carnap, Peirce así como de las escuelas que crearon (los círculos Lingüísticos de Praga, Moscú y Viena. Se parte de la hipótesis de que la problemática de la semiótica tiene que ver con la significación y con la comunicación; con el sistema de signos y con la producción de signos; con el lenguaje observado y con el lenguaje vivido así como con el modo como unos y otros se vinculan. Concluye que no hay modo de separar cultura, lengua y semiótica.

  2. Análisis de los rasgos lingüísticos de Maus y sus interferencias en la traducción al español

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    Análisis de los rasgos lingüísticos de Maus y sus interferencias en la traducción al español

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Art Spiegelman abrió con Maus (1980-1991 un nuevo camino para la novela gráfica a nivel internacional: entrevistando a su padre, que le cuenta sus memorias sobre el Holocausto, presenta una historia de carácter confesional, inédita hasta entonces en este ámbito de manifestación artístico-literaria. Junto con la impactante representación de los personajes, destaca especialmente la historia de supervivencia en primera persona. En este trabajo, analizamos la importancia del lenguaje en Maus, y más concretamente los rasgos lingüísticos que caracterizan la forma de expresión del protagonista, cuya lengua materna no era el inglés, sino el polaco. Son numerosas las incoherencias y errores intencionados en el original (por ejemplo, “… I can tell you other stories, but such private things, I don’t want you should mention”. Para ello, trataremos de determinar si existen en estas incoherencias parámetros recurrentes y posibles influencias de otra(s lengua(s. Finalmente, analizaremos cómo han podido interferir estas pautas en la traducción al español de una de las novelas gráficas más destacadas del siglo XX y la primera ganadora del Premio Pulitzer en 1992.

  3. A tradução de marcadores culturais em Sargento Getúlio à luz da lingüística de corpus

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    Elisangela Fernandes Martins

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo aborda a tradução de marcadores culturais em Sergeant Getulio em relação ao seu original Sargento Getúlio, ambos do escritor e autotradutor João Ubaldo Ribeiro. A fundamentação teórica apóia-se nos Estudos da Tradução baseados em corpus de Baker e de Camargo, na Lingüística de Corpus de Berber Sardinha, nos trabalhos sobre domínios culturais de Nida e de Aubert, e na proposta das modalidades tradutórias reformuladas por Aubert. Quantos aos procedimentos metodológicos, usamos as ferramentas de busca disponibilizadas pelo programa WordSmith Tools, versão 4.0. Os resultados obtidos revelam que João Ubaldo Ribeiro busca uma maior aproximação entre o leitor de língua inglesa e a mensagem do original por meio do uso de recursos da modulação, da explicitação e da adaptação ao traduzir, para o inglês, marcadores culturais específicos da realidade brasileira.

  4. Planning of decontamination and bleaching of textiles in an industrial cycle; Programmation des operations de decontamination et de blanchissage du linge dans un cycle industriel

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boutot, Pierre; Schipfer, Pierre [Commissariat a l' energie atomique et aux energies alternatives - CEA, Centre de Production de Plutonium de Marcoule, Service de Protection contre les Radiations (France)

    1964-10-15

    This note describes the operational planning for the decontamination and bleaching of textiles (clothes, protections, etc.) worn by personnel, in industrial-type washing machines. Various tests have been conducted with contaminated cotton samples using different cleaning products (and quantities) and various temperature cycles. The performance of the washing cycle (soaking, pre-washing, washing, rinsing) is discussed in terms of decontamination and washing efficiency, textile wear and resistance to shrinkage, whiteness, etc. The experimental washing machine is described [French] Cette etude programme les operations de decontamination et de blanchissage du linge au sein d'un cycle de traitement tel qu'il apparait dans les machines a laver industrielles a fort indice de production. Les echantillons de cotonnade, contamines au moyen de produits de fission, sont de meme nature que le tissu des vetements de protection. En matiere de decontamination les meilleurs resultats sont obtenus apres un trempage faiblement acide et un prelavage au moyen d'un sequestrant. Dans le cadre du blanchissage, seule une lessive industrielle employee dans la phase de lavage peut conferer aux tissus la luminance que requiert leur bonne presentation. Les taches persistantes sont effacees par blanchiment au cours du rincage tiede. Une analyse terminale permet de constater que l'usure des vetements est davantage liee aux conditions d'utilisation qu'aux operations de lavage et de decontamination. (auteurs)

  5. Suppression of Ongoing Experimental Arthritis by a Chinese Herbal Formula (Huo-Luo-Xiao-Ling Dan Involves Changes in Antigen-Induced Immunological and Biochemical Mediators of Inflammation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ying-Hua Yang

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Rheumatoid arthritis (RA is one of the major autoimmune diseases of global prevalence. The use of the anti-inflammatory drugs for the treatment of RA is associated with severe adverse reactions and toxicity. This limitation has necessitated the search for novel therapeutic products. We report here a traditional Chinese medicine-based herbal formula, Huo luo xiao ling dan (HLXL, which has potent antiarthritic activity as validated in the rat adjuvant-induced arthritis (AA model. HLXL (2.3 g/Kg was fed to Lewis (RT.11 rats daily by gavage beginning at the onset of arthritis and then continued through the observation period. HLXL inhibited the severity of ongoing AA. This suppression of arthritis was associated with significant alterations in the T cell proliferative and cytokine responses as well as the antibody response against the disease-related antigen, mycobacterial heat-shock protein 65 (Bhsp65. There was a reduction in the level of the proinflammatory cytokines IL-17 and IL-1β but enhancement of the anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10 level. In addition, there was inhibition of both the anti-Bhsp65 antibody response and the serum level of nitric oxide. Thus, HLXL is a promising CAM modality for further testing in RA patients.

  6. Teores de colesterol de lingüiças de frango "light" e tradicionais submetidas a diferentes condições de estocagem Cholesterol content in light and traditional chicken sausages when submitted to different to storage conditions

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    Marta S. Madruga

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se na presente pesquisa investigar os teores de gorduras e colesterol de lingüiças de frango processadas sob a forma "light" e "tradicional", quando submetidas a condições de estocagem sob refrigeração e congelamento. Na elaboração das lingüiças tipo frescal utilizou-se carne de frango branca, escura e pele, adicionados de condimentos naturais e antioxidantes comerciais ou ácido ascórbico. Seis tratamentos e doze formulações foram desenvolvidos, sendo que seis formulações foram de lingüiças tradicionais e seis de lingüiças "light". O tratamento 1 constou de produtos sem adição de antioxidante, denominado controle; o tratamento 2 foi formulado com o antioxidante ácido ascórbico 0,25%; os tratamentos 3, 4 e 5 foram formulados com antioxidantes comercias ("Kraki", "Duas Rodas" e "Adicon", conforme especificações dos fabricantes, e finalmente, o tratamento 6 que constou de formulação idêntica ao tratamento 5, porém adicionado de líquido defumante. As lingüiças foram estocadas a temperatura de refrigeração (5-10°C por 22 dias, e de congelamento (-20°C por 90 dias. Foram determinados na matéria-prima (carne de frango e pele e nas lingüiças armazenadas, os teores de gordura e colesterol. Os resultados mostraram que os teores de colesterol variaram em função da formulação das lingüiças tradicional e "light", apresentando estas, em relação às tradicionais, uma redução significativa destes componentes. A estocagem refrigerada e congelada influenciou significativamente (PThe present research had the purpose of investigating the percentages of fats and cholesterol on chicken sausages processed under the form "light" and "traditional", when submitted to conditions of stockpiling of cooling and freezing. In the elaboration of sausages was used white and dark chicken meat and skin, added of natural, commercial antioxidant seasonings and ascorbic acid. Six treatments and twelve formulations were

  7. Extensive upper respiratory tract sarcoidosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soares, Mafalda Trindade; Sousa, Carolina; Garanito, Luísa; Freire, Filipe

    2016-01-01

    Sarcoidosis is a chronic granulomatous disease of unknown aetiology. It can affect any part of the organism, although the lung is the most frequently affected organ. Upper airway involvement is rare, particularly if isolated. Sarcoidosis is a diagnosis of exclusion, established by histological evidence of non-caseating granulomas and the absence of other granulomatous diseases. The authors report a case of a man with sarcoidosis manifesting as a chronic inflammatory stenotic condition of the upper respiratory tract and trachea. PMID:27090537

  8. School Leadership and Educational Change: Tools and Practices in Shared School Leadership Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hauge, Trond Eiliv; Norenes, Svein Olav; Vedøy, Gunn

    2014-01-01

    This study examines the features of school leadership as it evolved in an upper secondary school attempting to enhance school improvement through a dedicated team of developmental leaders. We study the team leadership's tools and design over one school year and report on the evolution of a collective approach to leadership for school…

  9. Los fenómenos históricos como catalizadores del cambio lingüístico: el Inglés medieval

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    María del Carmen Guarddon Anelo

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Conocer la verdadera naturaleza del lenguaje se enfrenta a una dicotomía clásica que se estableció en el pasado siglo y que aún sigue vigente. La cuestión es si constituye un sistema autónomo de referencia, arbitrario y regido por sus propios algoritmos o si por el contrario es una facultad más del sistema cognitivo humano, eso sí, de alta complejidad. Los estudios diacrónicos parecen proporcionar sólida evidencia a favor de la segunda opción. En concreto, el inglés medieval en la etapa que va desde los siglos XI a XV experimentó una vorágine de cambios a diversos niveles que aún hoy en día resultan sorprendentes no sólo a anglicistas sino a diacronistas en general. Está demostrado que muchos de estos cambios fueron motivados por los eventos históricos que acaecieron a esta comunidad lingüística. Esto nos indica que la lengua refleja irremisiblemente el devenir de sus usuarios y evoluciona con los mismos. Por lo tanto, su carácter autónomo no debe promulgarse más allá de las características inherentes de la anatomía de los órganos implicados en la producción y comprensión lingüísticas, así como de las propias constricciones del código.The knowledge of the true nature of language faces a long-running dichotomy which came on the scene in the last century and is still in force. The point is whether language constitutes an autonomous reference system, arbitrary and ruled by its own algorithms or, on the other hand, is one more faculty of the human cognitive system, though highly complex. Diachronic analyses seem to provide solid evidence supporting the latter option. Specifically, Medieval English, from the 11th to the 15th c. experienced an astonishing number of changes at different levels. These changes still puzzle not only experts in English philology but diachronic linguists in general. It has been proved that most of these developments were motivated by the historical events that occurred in this linguistic

  10. Los idiomas iberorrománicos en los elementos de lingüística románica de Petar Skok

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    Pavao Tekavčić

    1992-12-01

    Full Text Available La cultura hispánica, una de las más prestigiosas del mundo, está presente también, desde hace mucho tiempo, entre las naciones eslavas meridionales. Además de evidentes influencias literarias (véase el recientemente aparecido primer tomo de nuestra revista, un elemento de esta presencia es el conocimiento de las lenguas romanicas de la Península Ibérica, en primer lugar naturalmente del castellano. En las páginas que siguen entendemos el estudio de las lenguas iberorrománicas a nivel universitario, lo que abarca además la evolución de los tres idiomas desde el latín hasta su estado actual: es decir, su gramática histórica (el termíno es, desde hace algún tiempo, un tanto odioso, pero clara y cómodo. Más aun, el estudio histórico de las lenguas iberorromanicas incluye tambien Ia comparaci6n con otros idiomas emparentados (gramatica romanica comparativa y Ia determinacion del Iugar de los idiomas romanicos de Iberia en la Romania. Estas disciplinas, que a primera vista pueden parecer reservadas a especialistas de lingüística histórica románica, son en realidad importantes partes de la cultura de una nación, y son una de las no mínimas piedrezuelas del gran mosaico llamado Romania.

  11. Sugerencias metodológicas para realizar trabajo de campo lingüístico en la Amazonía

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    David W. Fleck

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available En el presente artículo, propongo una metodología y ofrezco algunas recomendaciones de carácter práctico para realizar trabajo descriptivo con lenguas poco estudiadas, a partir de mi propia experiencia de campo en la Amazonía occidental. Los temas desarrollados aquí incluyen la evaluación y uso de la literatura lingüística disponible, la preparación para la permanencia en el campo, el trato con los hablantes de la lengua en cuestión, las técnicas de recolección de datos y la escritura del trabajo descriptivo. El énfasis del artículo se centra en la búsqueda de estrategias para que la recolección de materiales sea lo más objetiva y rigurosa posible y para que las descripciones sean más responsables y confiables.---In this article, I propose a methodology and some practical recommendations to make descriptive fieldwork with little-described languages based on my own field experience in the Western Amazonia. The topics I develop here include the evaluation and use of the linguistic literature available, the preparation for the permanence in the field, the relationship with the language speakers, the techniques for gathering data and the process of writing a descriptive piece of work. I try to stress the importance of strategies to make the collection of the data as objective and rigorous as possible and the description as responsible and reliable as it can be.

  12. Synergism and rules from combination of Baicalin, Jasminoidin and Desoxycholic acid in refined Qing Kai Ling for treat ischemic stroke mice model.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jian Li

    Full Text Available Refined Qing-Kai-Ling (QKL, a modified Chinese medicine, consists of three main ingredients (Baicalin, Jasminoidin and Desoxycholic acid, plays a synergistic effect on the treatment of the acute stage of ischemic stroke. However, the rules of the combination and synergism are still unknown. Based on the ischemic stroke mice model, all different kinds of combination of Baicalin, Jasminoidin, and Desoxycholic acid were investigated by the methods of neurological examination, microarray, and genomics analysis. As a result, it confirmed that the combination of three drugs offered a better therapeutical effect on ischemic stroke than monotherapy of each drug. Additionally, we used Ingenuity pathway Analysis (IPA and principal component analysis (PCA to extract the dominant information of expression changes in 373 ischemia-related genes. The results suggested that 5 principal components (PC1-5 could account for more than 95% energy in the gene data. Moreover, 3 clusters (PC1, PC2+PC5, and PC3+PC4 were addressed with cluster analysis. Furthermore, we matched PCs on the drug-target networks, the findings demonstrated that Baicalin related with PC1 that played the leading role in the combination; Jasminoidin related with PC2+PC5 that played a compensatory role; while Desoxycholic acid had the least performance alone which could relate with PC3+PC4 that played a compatible role. These manifestations were accorded with the principle of herbal formulae of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM, emperor-minister-adjuvant-courier. In conclusion, we firstly provided scientific evidence to the classic theory of TCM formulae, an initiating holistic viewpoint of combination therapy of TCM. This study also illustrated that PCA might be an applicable method to analyze the complicated data of drug combination.

  13. Distancias lingüísticas y culturales: Dios en los refraneros de espanõl y el portugués

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Germán Zárate-Sández

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available

    El objetivo de este trabajo fue investigar el uso de la palabra Dios/Deus en los refraneros del español y el portugués. Se analizaron 917 proverbios en dos corpus, uno para cada lengua. Un primer análisis identificó un alto grado de semejanzas en las categorías temáticas en las que se agruparon los refranes, lo que se atribuye a un substrato común en el entendimiento de Dios en ambas culturas. Sin embargo, al nivel de refranes individuales, el análisis reveló un bajo nivel de coincidencias entre los dos idiomas (alrededor del 25%. Estas semejanzas están compuestas mayoritariamente por referencias generales a Dios y a la religión, mientras que las diferencias (75% surgen principalmente de refranes que contienen experiencias y valoraciones más concretas y de la vida cotidiana de cada comunidad. La estructura sintáctica y la selección léxica parecen aportar también a la diferenciación entre los dos corpus, especialmente al priorizar elementos de la forma del proverbio (tales como asonancia y uso de metáforas. Finalmente, los resultados se discuten considerando diferencias culturales y lingüísticas entre los dos idiomas, siguiendo la premisa de que los proverbios forman un género discursivo que permite estudiar sistemáticamente ciertos procesoshistóricos de una comunidad de habla (OBELKEVICH, 1987.

  14. The pilot project RiesLing. An efficient automation and innovative control system functions for grids with an enhanced amount of decentralized power generation; Das Pilotprojekt RiesLing. Effiziente Automatisierung und innovative Leitsystemfunktionen fuer Netze mit hohem Anteil an dezentraler Erzeugung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Backes, Juergen; Jaeger, Thomas [EnBW Ostwuerttemberg Donau-Ries AG, Ellwangen (Germany); Bader, Daniel [EnBW Netzgesellschaft Ostwuerttemberg Donauries GmbH, Ellwangen (Germany); Koerner, Christian [EnBW Regional AG, Stuttgart (Germany); Kaempfer, Stefan; Kautsch, Stephan [ABB AG, Mannheim (Germany)

    2012-07-01

    The challenges imposed by the political target of an increased share of renewables in electrical energy supply are being broadly discussed. The vision is the Smart Grid - the intelligent energy system. By means of communication and information technology it seems possible to coordinate the control of the grid infrastructure as well as the power consumed or produced by the customers' facilities in a way that allows a safe and secure operation minimizing cost and providing a sustainable supply. The project RiesLing (Projekt im Ries - Leittechnik intelligent gemacht, translated ''implementation of an intelligent grid control in the Ries area'') focuses on the development and the practical test of solutions which are considered core components of a Smart Grid. The region of its implementation is the Noerdlinger Ries, a region in the north-western part of Bavaria and in close vicinity to the federal state of Baden-Wuerttemberg. This area combines a maximum load of around 50 MW with a maximum generation of around 120 MW, mostly from Photovoltaic modules and biogas fuelled engines. The RiesLing project has been initiated in mid 2011. Its technical implementation, set up as 3 separate packages, will be finished until end of 2012. The implementation phase will be followed by a practical test phase to optimize the technical solution and to derive practical operation experience. The project thus will end by December 2013. The technical packages (TP) 1 and 2 are dealing with technical solutions for online-monitoring and remote operation of medium voltage (MV)/low voltage (LV) transformer substations. The solutions tested cover upgrading existing substations as well as renewal of MV switchgear. One of these substations integrates an electronic voltage regulation based on a series transformer (''boost transformer'') connected to an electronic converter. TP 3 takes advantage of the technical infrastructure implemented in TP 1 and TP 2

  15. Oncoplastic Surgery for Upper/Upper Inner Quadrant Breast Cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Joseph; Chen, Dar-Ren; Wang, Yu-Fen; Lai, Hung-Wen

    2016-01-01

    Tumors located in the upper/upper inner quadrant of the breast warrant more attention. A small lesion relative to the size of breast in this location may be resolved by performing a level I oncoplastic technique. However, a wide excision may significantly reduce the overall quality of the breast shape by distorting the visible breast line. From June 2012 to April 2015, 36 patients with breast cancer located in the upper/upper inner quadrant underwent breast-conservation surgery with matrix rotation mammoplasty. According to the size and location of the tumor relative to the nipple-areola complex, 11 patients underwent matrix rotation with periareolar de-epithelialization (donut group) and the other 25 underwent matrix rotation only (non-donut group). The cosmetic results were self-assessed by questionnaires. The average weights of the excised breast lumps in the donut and non-donut groups were 104.1 and 84.5 g, respectively. During the 3-year follow-up period, local recurrence was observed in one case and was managed with nipple-sparing mastectomy followed by breast reconstruction with prosthetic implants. In total, 31 patients (88.6%) ranked their postoperative result as either acceptable or satisfactory. The treated breasts were also self-evaluated by 27 patients (77.1%) to be nearly identical to or just slightly different from the untreated side. Matrix rotation is an easy breast-preserving technique for treating breast cancer located in the upper/upper inner quadrant of the breast that requires a relatively wide excision. With this technique, a larger breast tumor could be removed without compromising the breast appearance.

  16. Oncoplastic Surgery for Upper/Upper Inner Quadrant Breast Cancer.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joseph Lin

    Full Text Available Tumors located in the upper/upper inner quadrant of the breast warrant more attention. A small lesion relative to the size of breast in this location may be resolved by performing a level I oncoplastic technique. However, a wide excision may significantly reduce the overall quality of the breast shape by distorting the visible breast line. From June 2012 to April 2015, 36 patients with breast cancer located in the upper/upper inner quadrant underwent breast-conservation surgery with matrix rotation mammoplasty. According to the size and location of the tumor relative to the nipple-areola complex, 11 patients underwent matrix rotation with periareolar de-epithelialization (donut group and the other 25 underwent matrix rotation only (non-donut group. The cosmetic results were self-assessed by questionnaires. The average weights of the excised breast lumps in the donut and non-donut groups were 104.1 and 84.5 g, respectively. During the 3-year follow-up period, local recurrence was observed in one case and was managed with nipple-sparing mastectomy followed by breast reconstruction with prosthetic implants. In total, 31 patients (88.6% ranked their postoperative result as either acceptable or satisfactory. The treated breasts were also self-evaluated by 27 patients (77.1% to be nearly identical to or just slightly different from the untreated side. Matrix rotation is an easy breast-preserving technique for treating breast cancer located in the upper/upper inner quadrant of the breast that requires a relatively wide excision. With this technique, a larger breast tumor could be removed without compromising the breast appearance.

  17. Estimulación temprana y desarrollo lingüístico en niños sordos con Implante coclear: el primer año de experiencia auditiva

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ignacio Moreno-Torres

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Este estudio analiza el desarrollo de un grupo de 10 niños sordos a los que se ha colocado un implante coclear (IC antes de los dos años. El objetivo es comprobar en qué medida el desarrollo post-IC se ve afectado por el grado de estimulación temprana recibida. Se obtienen datos de percepción (cuestionario parental, y producción lingüística y prelingüística (vídeos de producción espontánea y cuestionarios. Además, se realizó una valoración del grado de estimulación recibido pre y post-implante. Los resultados muestran grandes diferencias intra-grupo: 1 en el ritmo de desarrollo lingüístico (léxico productivo a los 12 meses de experiencia auditiva; y 2 en el grado de estimulación. El análisis estadístico mostró que el grado de estimulación a los 12 meses es el único factor de los estudiados que correlaciona con el desarrollo lingüístico tras 12 meses. No correlacionan: edad al implantarse, percepción a los tres meses, ni balbuceo canónico. Tales resultados confirman la gran importancia del entorno, y en particular de la familia, en la rehabilitación del niño implantado.

  18. Development of a machine for sorting laundry according to its radioactive contamination (1962); Conception et mise en oeuvre d'une machine a trier le linge en fonction de sa contamination par des produits radioactifs (1962)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cohendy, G; Alles, M; Pellerin, A [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Centre de Production de Plutonium, Marcoule (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1962-07-01

    A the Marcoule Plutonium Production Centre special clothing is worn, in the active zones. A large fraction of these clothes is contaminated and must therefore be subjected to specialised treatments during washing in order to be reintroduced subsequently without danger. Because of the large amount of clothes to be treated it has become necessary to install a special semi-automatic machine; the role of the operator is limited to placing the clothing in the machine and to removing the baskets of sorted clothes. The machine itself has been designed and built by the Mechanics Section. The Radiation Protection Service chose the sorting method which is based on {beta} radiation and uses Geiger counters actuating an appropriate electronic system; the Service also developed this system, depending on the various degrees of contamination of the treated clothing. (authors) [French] Le Centre de Production de Plutonium de Marcoule utilise des vetements speciaux pour travailler dans les zones actives. Une proportion importante de ces vetements se contamine et doit, de ce fait, subir des traitements appropries au cours du lavage, de facon a pouvoir etre reintroduits sans danger dans le circuit d'utilisation. Devant l'importance des quantites a traiter, il est apparu necessaire de mettre en place une machine speciale, semi-automatique; le role de l'operateur, consiste en effet uniquement a introduire le linge dans la machine et a extraire de celle-ci les paniers de linge trie. La Section de Mecanique a concu et realise la machine proprement dite. Le Service de Protection contre les Radiations a choisi le mode de tri qui s'effectue en {beta} a l'aide de compteurs Geiger actionnant une electronique appropriee et a assure la mise au point de cette electronique, en fonction des divers degres de contamination du linge a trier. (auteurs)

  19. Prácticas preprofesionales en la carrera de Idiomas y Lingüística de la Universidad Técnica de Manabí: fortalezas y debilidades

    OpenAIRE

    Chávez Loor, María Dolores; Ortiz Cárdenas, Tania

    2016-01-01

    En este artículo se exponen los resultados de un estudio realizado en los meses de octubre y noviembre de 2015 sobre las prácticas preprofesionales que se desarrollan en la carrera de Idiomas y Lingüística de la Universidad Técnica de Manabí. Primeramente, se hizo un análisis de los documentos normativos que regulan este tipo de actividad docente y, con posterioridad, se realizó un taller con estudiantes y profesores de prácticas preprofesionales de la Facultad de Filosofía, Letras y Ciencias...

  20. Los peligros de la interpretación de las evidencias indirectas sobre la evolución del lenguaje: dextralidad y capacidad lingüística de los Neandertales

    OpenAIRE

    Benítez Burraco, Antonio; Longa Martínez, Víctor Manuel

    2011-01-01

    La cuestión de las capacidades lingüísticas de Homo neanderthalensis ha sido muy debatida, y se han sostenido muy diferentes argumentos a favor de esas capacidades. Reciente-mente, Frayer & al. (2010, 2011) han defendido que los Neandertales tenían capacidades lin-güísticas similares a las de los humanos modernos. Esos trabajos son interesantes, dado que sostienen que esa idea es apoyada por diferentes evidencias (dextralidad, anatomía, conducta moderna, simbolismo o ADN fósil). El presente a...

  1. En torno a la fundamentación del enfoque lingüístico en la construcción de las tesis de maestría desde la perspectiva actual

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Odalis Lorié González

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo aborda el análisis de las argumentaciones científicas realizadas por los aspirantes en los talleres y defensas de maestrías, en las que se corroboraron algunas insuficiencias, en esta ocasión se hace referencia a imprecisiones en la fundamentación teórica del objeto de la investigación a partir del enfoque didáctico y lingüístico asumido. El propósito, entonces, es ofrecer al aspirante una herramienta de cómo fundamentar el enfoque escogido como sustento de su propuesta investigativa.

  2. En torno a la fundamentación del enfoque lingüístico en la construcción de las tesis de maestría desde la perspectiva actual

    OpenAIRE

    Odalis Lorié González; Cristina Savón Leyva

    2017-01-01

    El presente trabajo aborda el análisis de las argumentaciones científicas realizadas por los aspirantes en los talleres y defensas de maestrías, en las que se corroboraron algunas insuficiencias, en esta ocasión se hace referencia a imprecisiones en la fundamentación teórica del objeto de la investigación a partir del enfoque didáctico y lingüístico asumido. El propósito, entonces, es ofrecer al aspirante una herramienta de cómo fundamentar el enfoque escogido como sustento de su propuesta in...

  3. Actitudes lingüísticas en Honduras. Un estudio sociolingüístico sobre el español de Honduras frente al de otros países de habla hispana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hilcia Hernández

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Resumen Este artículo analiza las actitudes lingüísticas de hablantes nativos de español de Tegucigalpa, hacia al español de Honduras y el de los otros países hispanohablantes. El artículo hace parte de los resultados del Proyecto LIAS (Linguistic Identity and Attitudes in Spanish-speaking Latin America, financiado por El Consejo Noruego de Investigación (RCN. La recolección de los datos se realizó en la capital del país, entrevistando a una muestra de 400 informantes estratificada con las variables de edad, sexo y nivel socioeconómico. Se muestran los resultados del análisis cualitativo y cuantitativo desde una perspectiva sociolingüística y dejan al descubierto no solo las actitudes lingüísticas positivas y negativas, sino también expresiones de lealtad por la variedad lingüística nacional, opiniones sobre la corrección lingüística y la alta estima hacia el español de Honduras en relación con el español de los demás países hispanohablantes. Abstract This article analyzes the linguistic attitudes of native Spanish speakers from Tegucigalpa, towards Spanish spoken in Honduras and in the other Spanish-speaking countries. It is a result of the LIAS-Project (Linguistic Identity and Attitudes in Spanish-speaking Latin America, funded by The Research Council of Norway (RCN. The data were gathered in the capital, interviewing a stratified sample of 400 respondents based on the variables of age, sex and socioeconomic status. The results from the qualitative and quantities analysis are drawn using a sociolinguistic perspective and show not only the positive and negative linguistic attitudes towards specific varieties of Spanish, but also expressions of linguistic loyalty towards the national variety of the Spanish language, opinions about linguistic correctness and the high degree of appreciation towards Honduran Spanish compared to the variants of Spanish spoken in the other Spanish-speaking countries.

  4. Habilidades cognitivo lingüísticas de pensamiento social en estudiantes de la Escuela Pedro Emilio Gil a través de la enseñanza y aprendizaje del derecho de opinión

    OpenAIRE

    Londoño Londoño, Saulo

    2016-01-01

    La presente investigación que tuvo como objetivo interpretar las habilidades cognitivo lingüísticas de pensamiento social que emergen de una unidad didáctica respecto al derecho de opinión en estudiantes del grado segundo. Se sitúa dentro de la metodología cualitativa, abierta, flexible y participante. Trata cuestiones relacionadas al derecho de opinión como parte de la formación del pensamiento social. La estructura metodológica que se desarrollo es el Estudio de Caso según Stake (1999) y Yi...

  5. Upper atmosphere research at INPE

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Clemesha, B.R.

    1984-01-01

    Upper atmosphere research at INPE is mainly concerned with the chemistry and dynamics of the stratosphere, upper mesosphere and lower thermosphere, and the middle thermosphere. Experimental work includes lidar observations of the stratospheric aerosol, measurements of stratospheric ozone by Dobson spectrophotometers and by balloon and rocket-borne sondes, lidar measurements of atmospheric sodium, and photometric observations of O, O 2 , OH and Na emissions, including interferrometric measurements of the OI6300 emission for the purpose of determing thermospheric winds and temperature. The airglow observations also include measurements of a number of emissions produced by the precipitation of energetic neutral particles generated by charge exchange in the ring current. Some recent results of INPE's upper atmosphere program are presented. (Author) [pt

  6. How High School Students Select a College.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilmour, Joseph E., Jr.; And Others

    The college selection process used by high school students was studied and a paradigm that describes the process was developed, based on marketing theory concerning consumer behavior. Primarily college freshmen and high school seniors were interviewed, and a few high school juniors and upper-level college students were surveyed to determine…

  7. Metáforas de Lula e Alckmin nos debates de 2006 em uma perspectiva da Lingüística de Corpus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tony Berber Sardinha

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho é contrastar o uso de metáforas pelos dois candidatos no segundo turno das eleições presidenciais de 2006, Luís Inácio Lula da Silva e Geraldo Alckmin, para saber até que ponto Lula, que foi vitorioso nas urnas, usou metáforas de modo mais eficaz do que o outro candidato durante os debates televisados. Foi colhido um corpus de transcrições desses debates, que foi então analisado em termos da presença de metáforas lingüísticas e conceptuais. O uso de metáforas dos dois candidatos foi contrastado e a análise revelou que houve poucas diferenças entre os candidatos. Ambos usaram quantidades parecidas delas. A principal diferença entre eles foi em relação à ênfase. Alckmin pulverizou suas metáforas: colocou em cena um número maior delas, mas com poucas ocorrências de cada. Lula foi mais seletivo e o neutralizou, conseguindo concentrar seu discurso em metáforas mais afinadas com seus propósitos.The aim of this study is to contrast the use of metaphors by the two presidential contenders in the runoff of the Brazilian presidential race of 2006, Luís Inácio Lula da Silva and Geraldo Alckmin, in order to establish if Lula, who was victorious, actually used metaphors in a more effective way than his opponent on the television debates. Metaphor use by both candidates was compared, and the analysis revealed that there were few differences between the two candidates. Both used similar quantities of them. The main difference was stress. Alckmin scattered his metaphors, by putting in place a greater number of them, with few occurrences of each. Lula, on the other hand, was more selective and neutralized his opponent, thus being able to stress metaphors that were better suited to his needs.

  8. Verdad y apertura de mundo. El problema de los juicios sintéticos a priori tras el giro lingüístico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina LAFONT

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: Este artículo analiza el impacto del giro lingüístico en la transformación de la concepción kantiana de los juicios sintéticos a priori. Se centra para ello en dos concepciones contemporáneas de los mismos, a saber, el a priori hermenéutico de Heidegger y el a priori contextual de Putnam, y saca a relucir expresamente tanto sus rasgos similares como sus importantes diferencias: mientras que la concepción heideggeriana mantiene el idealismo transcendental de Kant a través de la suposición hermenéutica de que el significado determina la referencia, la concepción de Putnam rompe por completo con la teoría kantiana de los juicios sintéticos a priori, según la cual éstos no pueden ser modificados por la sola experiencia, al tiempo que rechaza la suposición kantiana de que los juicios sintéticos a priori y aposteriori son dos clases permanentes de juicios. En contraste con Heidegger, Putnam es por eso capaz de mostrar que los juicios sintéticos apriori son modificables bajo condiciones especiales.ABSTRACT: This paper analyzes the impact of the linguistic turn in the transformation of the Kantian conception of the synthetic a priori. It focuses on two contemporary conceptions of the synthetic apriori, namely, Heidegger's hermeneutic apriori and Putnam's contextual apriori and shows their strikingly similar features as well as their important differences: whereas Heidegger's conception retains Kant's transcendental idealism via the hermeneutic assumption that meaning determines reference, Putnam's conception breaks entirely of Kant's conception fo synthetic a priori judgments, namely, that they cannot be revised by experience alone, while rejecting the Kantian assumption that synthetic apriori and aposteriori are permanent statuses of judgments. In contradistinction to Heidegger, Putnam is thus able to show that synthetic apriori judgments are revisable under special conditions.

  9. Angiography of the upper extremity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Janevski, B.K.

    1982-01-01

    This thesis provides a description of the technical and medical aspects of arteriography of the upper extremity and an extensive analysis of the angiographic anatomy and pathology of 750 selective studies performed in more than 500 patients. A short historical review is provided of angiography as a whole and of arteriography of the hand in particular. The method of percutaneous transfemoral catheterization of the arteries of the upper extremity and particularly the arteries of the hand is considered, discussing the problems the angiographer encounters frequently, describing the angiographic complications which may occur and emphasizing the measures to keep them to a minimum. The use of vasodilators in hand angiography is discussed. A short description of the embryological patterns persisting in the arteries of the arm is included in order to understand the congenital variations of the arteries of the upper extremity. The angiographic patterns and clinical aspects of the most common pathological processes involving the arteries of the upper extremities are presented. Special attention is paid to the correlation between angiography and pathology. (Auth.)

  10. Approach to upper gastrointestinal bleeding

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Upper gastrointestinal haemorrhage has a variety of causes (Table 1) and is the commonest complication of peptic ulceration and portal hypertension. Peptic ulceration in the duo- denum or stomach and oesophageal varices are the conditions most often responsible for patients who have the potential to present.

  11. Horizontal Diplopia Following Upper Blepharoplasty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomás Ortiz-Basso

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Diplopia is an infrequent complication after blepharoplasty. Most of the cases are in its vertical form due to trauma of the extraocular muscles. In this article, we present a case of horizontal diplopia following cosmetic upper blepharoplasty; we review the literature on this unexpected complication and offer some recommendations to avoid it.

  12. Detección de dificultades comunicativo-lingüísticas en la Educación Secundaria Obligatoria de niños/as nacidos prematuros con un peso menor a 1501 gramos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfonso Coronado Marín

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Esta investigación pretende contribuir al conocimiento del perfil educativo en cuanto al rendimiento e identificar nuevas morbilidades en la etapa escolar de los recién nacidos prematuros menores de 1501 gramos nacidos en el año 2000 en el Hospital Universitario La Paz de Madrid. Para ello, desde un abordaje interdisciplinar, realizamos un estudio cuasi experimental, prospectivo y de corte transversal, con una muestra de 44 participantes. Se evaluó el lenguaje mediante la prueba BLOC-SR obteniéndose unos resultados que muestran un perfil comunicativo-lingüístico bajo, además de una tasa de repetición de curso del 36%. Los datos muestran correlaciones positivas entre variables biomédicas, como peso al nacimiento, edad gestacional, talla o APGAR y variables psicoeducativas. Concluimos que los participantes en nuestro estudio muestran mayor tendencia a presentar dificultades en el área comunicativo-lingüística a esta edad cronológica. Paralelamente se ha encontrado influencia de factores biomédicos en el lenguaje, configurándolo como una de las nuevas morbilidades relacionadas con la prematuridad.

  13. Upper And Lower Limbs Disability And Personality Traits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jabeen, Tahira; Kazmi, Syeda Farhana; Rehman, Atiq Ur; Ahmed, Sajjad

    2016-01-01

    It is believed that the study of personality has the potentials to enhance our prognostic abilities and can better to expose the etiology of mental illness through the relationship of revealed mechanisms. The focus of this study was to investigate and compare the habitual patterns of behavior, thought and emotions of upper and lower limb physically disabled students in terms of personality traits. This cross sectional study consisted of 100 upper limbs and lower limbs disabled students taken from Kingston school Inclusive Education System Abottabad, Mashal special education system Haripur, Syed Ahmed Shaheed special education center Abottabad, Al-Munir Foundation Mansehra and Hera Special Education System Haripur and 100 normal students taken from Islamic International School Abottabad, Falcon Public School Haripur, Iqra Academy Mansehra and Alhamd International School Haripur of Hazara Division by purposive sampling technique. This study was conducted during the month of June 2013 to May 2014. Goldberg five big personality scale was used for measuring personality traits of physically disabled and normal students. The significant difference of personality traits scores between physically disabled students (M = 139.2, SD=12.0) and normal students (M=184.5, SD=13.2), t (198) =25.3, ptraits, i.e., Extraversion, Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, Emotional Stability and Openness to Experience.

  14. Upper and Lower Limbs Disability and Personality Traits

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jabeen, T.; Kazmi, S. F.; Rehman, A. U.; Ahmed, S.

    2016-01-01

    Background: It is believed that the study of personality has the potentials to enhance our prognostic abilities and can better to expose the etiology of mental illness through the relationship of revealed mechanisms. The focus of this study was to investigate and compare the habitual patterns of behavior, thought and emotions of upper and lower limb physically disabled students in terms of personality traits. Methods: This cross sectional study consisted of 100 upper limbs and lower limbs disabled students taken from Kingston school Inclusive Education System Abottabad, Mashal special education system Haripur, Syed Ahmed Shaheed special education center Abottabad, Al-Munir Foundation Mansehra and Hera Special Education System Haripur and 100 normal students taken from Islamic International School Abottabad, Falcon Public School Haripur, Iqra Academy Mansehra and Alhamd International School Haripur of Hazara Division by purposive sampling technique. This study was conducted during the month of June 2013 to May 2014. Goldberg five big personality scale was used for measuring personality traits of physically disabled and normal students. Results: The significant difference of personality traits scores between physically disabled students (M = 139.2, SD=12.0) and normal students (M=184.5, SD=13.2), t (198) =25.3, p<.05 was observed. Conclusion: Normal students have high scores as compared to physically disabled students on big five traits, i.e., Extraversion, Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, Emotional Stability and Openness to Experience. (author)

  15. Decoding Xing-Ling codes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Rasmus Refslund

    2002-01-01

    This paper describes an efficient decoding method for a recent construction of good linear codes as well as an extension to the construction. Furthermore, asymptotic properties and list decoding of the codes are discussed.......This paper describes an efficient decoding method for a recent construction of good linear codes as well as an extension to the construction. Furthermore, asymptotic properties and list decoding of the codes are discussed....

  16. The Upper Danube Nature Park

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dosedla, H.C.

    1997-01-01

    When in 1980 the Upper Danube Nature Park was founded as one of 65 nature sanctuaries in Germany there was great diversity of opinions concerning its intended character. The protected region consisting of a geologically outstanding landscape within central Europe is covering the first 80 km the upper Danube where the young river shortly after it's source in the Black Forest is breaking through the narrow canyons of the Jurassic rock plateau of the so-called Suebian Alps and also locates the subterranean passage where the stream is submerging from the surface for nearly ten miles. Since the purpose of nature preservation according to German las is closely combined with the rather contradicting aim of offering an attractive recreation area thus facing the immense impacts of modern mass tourism there are numerous problems which in the course of years have resulted in an intricate patterns of subtle management methods coping with the growing awareness of the ecological balance. (author)

  17. Upper limit of peak area

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Helene, O.A.M.

    1982-08-01

    The determination of the upper limit of peak area in a multi-channel spectra, with a known significance level is discussed. This problem is specially important when the peak area is masked by the background statistical fluctuations. The problem is exactly solved and, thus, the results are valid in experiments with small number of events. The results are submitted to a Monte Carlo test and applied to the 92 Nb beta decay. (Author) [pt

  18. Technology improves upper extremity rehabilitation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kowalczewski, Jan; Prochazka, Arthur

    2011-01-01

    Stroke survivors with hemiparesis and spinal cord injury (SCI) survivors with tetraplegia find it difficult or impossible to perform many activities of daily life. There is growing evidence that intensive exercise therapy, especially when supplemented with functional electrical stimulation (FES), can improve upper extremity function, but delivering the treatment can be costly, particularly after recipients leave rehabilitation facilities. Recently, there has been a growing level of interest among researchers and healthcare policymakers to deliver upper extremity treatments to people in their homes using in-home teletherapy (IHT). The few studies that have been carried out so far have encountered a variety of logistical and technical problems, not least the difficulty of conducting properly controlled and blinded protocols that satisfy the requirements of high-level evidence-based research. In most cases, the equipment and communications technology were not designed for individuals with upper extremity disability. It is clear that exercise therapy combined with interventions such as FES, supervised over the Internet, will soon be adopted worldwide in one form or another. Therefore it is timely that researchers, clinicians, and healthcare planners interested in assessing IHT be aware of the pros and cons of the new technology and the factors involved in designing appropriate studies of it. It is crucial to understand the technical barriers, the role of telesupervisors, the motor improvements that participants can reasonably expect and the process of optimizing IHT-exercise therapy protocols to maximize the benefits of the emerging technology. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  19. Early School Leaving in Scandinavia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jakobsen, Vibeke; Bäckman, Olof; Lorentzen, Thomas

    2015-01-01

    countries and find the highest vocational track dropout rates in Norway and the lowest in Finland. The results indicate that the relative labour market effect of dropping out from a vocational track is most detrimental in Norway. It is also in Norway that we find the greatest gender differences......The article explores the extent to which the organization of vocational tracks in upper secondary school affects the labour market risks associated with early school exit. The Nordic countries share many features, but the upper secondary school systems differ significantly in how their vocational...... tracks are organized. Denmark and Norway have dual vocational tracks, that is, they combine school-based education and workplace apprenticeships, whereas in Finland and Sweden they are primarily school based. We analyse administrative longitudinal data from the mid-1990s to the mid-2000s in the four...

  20. Using Multilevel Analysis to Examine the Relationship between Upper Secondary Students Internet Safety Awareness, Social Background and Academic Aspirations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ove Edvard Hatlevik

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Since 2009, most Norwegian students in upper secondary have had access to their own personal computer at school. Hence, with the increased access to technology, the importance of online connectedness has increased for adolescents’ social interaction and communication. It is, therefore, important to identify and understand the concept of Internet safety among upper secondary school students. A total of 4216 students from 238 classrooms in 23 upper secondary schools completed an Internet safety assessment. The aim of the study was to operationalize and measure Internet safety in a school context, and to further examine the factors predicting students’ Internet safety awareness and responsibility. Our analysis revealed substantial variation in Internet safety awareness between schools, classrooms and students. Overall, the findings indicate that students’ social backgrounds are determining for their development and understanding of Internet safety awareness.

  1. Improved Mars Upper Atmosphere Climatology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bougher, S. W.

    2004-01-01

    The detailed characterization of the Mars upper atmosphere is important for future Mars aerobraking activities. Solar cycle, seasonal, and dust trends (climate) as well as planetary wave activity (weather) are crucial to quantify in order to improve our ability to reasonably depict the state of the Mars upper atmosphere over time. To date, our best information is found in the Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Accelerometer (ACC) database collected during Phase 1 (Ls = 184 - 300; F10.7 = 70 - 90) and Phase 2 (Ls = 30 - 90; F10.7 = 90 - 150) of aerobraking. This database (100 - 170 km) consists of thermospheric densities, temperatures, and scale heights, providing our best constraints for exercising the coupled Mars General Circulation Model (MGCM) and the Mars Thermospheric General Circulation Model (MTGCM). The Planetary Data System (PDS) contains level 0 and 2 MGS Accelerometer data, corresponding to atmospheric densities along the orbit track. Level 3 products (densities, temperatures, and scale heights at constant altitudes) are also available in the PDS. These datasets provide the primary model constraints for the new MGCM-MTGCM simulations summarized in this report. Our strategy for improving the characterization of the Mars upper atmospheres using these models has been three-fold : (a) to conduct data-model comparisons using the latest MGS data covering limited climatic and weather conditions at Mars, (b) to upgrade the 15-micron cooling and near-IR heating rates in the MGCM and MTGCM codes for ad- dressing climatic variations (solar cycle and seasonal) important in linking the lower and upper atmospheres (including migrating tides), and (c) to exercise the detailed coupled MGCM and MTGCM codes to capture and diagnose the planetary wave (migrating plus non-migrating tidal) features throughout the Mars year. Products from this new suite of MGCM-MTGCM coupled simulations are being used to improve our predictions of the structure of the Mars upper atmosphere for the

  2. Treatment of congestion in upper respiratory diseases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eli O Meltzer

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Eli O Meltzer1, Fernan Caballero2, Leonard M Fromer3, John H Krouse4, Glenis Scadding51Allergy and Asthma Medical Group and Research Center, San Diego, CA and Department of Pediatrics, University of California, San Diego, USA; 2Allergy and Clinical Immunology Service, Centro Medico-Docente La Trinidad, Caracas, Venezuela; 3David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, USA; 4Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, Michigan, USA; 5Department of Allergy and Rhinology, Royal National TNE Hospital, London, UKAbstract: Congestion, as a symptom of upper respiratory tract diseases including seasonal and perennial allergic rhinitis, acute and chronic rhinosinusitis, and nasal polyposis, is principally caused by mucosal inflammation. Though effective pharmacotherapy options exist, no agent is universally efficacious; therapeutic decisions must account for individual patient preferences. Oral H1-antihistamines, though effective for the common symptoms of allergic rhinitis, have modest decongestant action, as do leukotriene receptor antagonists. Intranasal antihistamines appear to improve congestion better than oral forms. Topical decongestants reduce congestion associated with allergic rhinitis, but local adverse effects make them unsuitable for long-term use. Oral decongestants show some efficacy against congestion in allergic rhinitis and the common cold, and can be combined with oral antihistamines. Intranasal corticosteroids have broad anti-inflammatory activities, are the most potent long-term pharmacologic treatment of congestion associated with allergic rhinitis, and show some congestion relief in rhinosinusitis and nasal polyposis. Immunotherapy and surgery may be used in some cases refractory to pharmacotherapy. Steps in congestion management include (1 diagnosis of the cause(s, (2 patient education and monitoring, (3 avoidance of environmental triggers where possible, (4 pharmacotherapy, and (5 immunotherapy

  3. La fuerza ilocutiva en los debates medievales castellanos de controversia y su plasmación lingüística

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena LEAL ABAD

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available La presencia de actos de habla indirectos en algunas tipologías de diálogos literarios medievales, especialmente en los que presentan un carácter didáctico-moralizante, no siempre obedece a la noción de cortesía. El espíritu de controversia de estos textos origina que la falta de coincidencia entre modalidad del enunciado y modalidad de la enunciación se relacione con un deseo de distanciamiento dialéctico entre los personajes de la interacción, que tratan de socavar la imagen del interlocutor a través de enunciados que pretenden deslegitimar, ridiculizar o descalificar al adversario. Estos valores descorteses de los enunciados interrogativos derivan fundamentalmente del propio contenido proposicional aunque también constituyen indicios importantes la asimetría de los personajes que intervienen y las propias características del género discursivo. No obstante, en este mismo contexto aparecen mecanismos que tratan de contrarrestar la fuerza ilocutiva de estos actos descorteses minimizando el desacuerdo. En las páginas que siguen se tratará de determinar qué formas y estrategias lingüísticas se adoptan para acometer este tipo de actos y su relación con estructuras propias de la interacción comunicativa con el objetivo de captar una posible evolución de recursos o constancia de los mismos a lo largo de la historia del español.La présence d'actes de langage indirects dans certaines typologies de dialogues littéraires médiévaux, en particulier dans ceux qui présentent un caractère didactico-moralisant, n'obéit pas toujours à la notion de courtoisie. L'esprit de polémique de ces textes engendre la mise en relation du manque de coïncidence entre modalité de l'énoncé et modalité de l'énonciation et d’un désir d'éloignement dialectique entre les personnages de l'interaction, qui essayent de miner l'image de l'interlocuteur au travers d’énoncés qui prétendent délégitimer, ridiculiser ou discréditer l

  4. Análisis lingüístico-comunicativo del tratamiento informativo de la guerra de Irak en la prensa venezolana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sylvia Fernández Franco

    2011-04-01

    áticas reproducen un modelo de producción y comprensión, de construcción y deconstrucción racional del conocimiento de la realidad, que presupone la formulación de argumentos y la puesta en escena de estrategias discursivas que implican una competencia comunicativa en los participantes, y para cuyo estudio resulta indispensable un acercamiento lingüístico-comunicativo. Mediante la aplicación de un modelo ecléctico de análisis del discurso, se presenta la caracterización de las estrategias argumentativas y de cortesía empleadas por periodistas venezolanos en la recontextualización de la guerra de Irak. Se proponen los lineamientos de un modelo de comprensión del tratamiento informativo del conflicto: el modelo PACEM (Pragmática, Acción Comunicativa, Estrategias y Mediación.

  5. Estimación de la inteligencia lingística-verbal y lógico-matemática según el género y la ubicación geográfica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aida Sandoval

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Este estudio forma parte del proyecto de investigación Estimación de la Inteligencia Implícita relacionada con el Género, la Educación y la Cultura del Venezolano que se está desarrollando a nivel nacional, con la finalidad de analizar de manera comparativa la estimación que sobre su propia inteligencia, realizaron los habitantes de las ciudades de Valera-La Puerta, Maracaibo, Caracas y Puerto Ordaz-Caripe, pertenecientes tanto a la zona rural como urbana y de acuerdo con las teorías implícitas de la inteligencia, lo que las personas de diferente género y ubicación geográfica, estiman sobre su funcionamiento intelectual lingístico-verbal y lógico-matemático. A tal efecto se realizó una investigación de tipo descriptiva, empírica, de campo con una muestra accidental, intencional. Basado en las teorías implícitas de la inteligencia y las teorías de las inteligencias múltiples de Gardner, se tomaron en cuenta para efectos de la investigación las inteligencias lingística-verbal y lógico-matemática de los habitantes de estas ciudades. Los datos fueron obtenidos a través de la aplicación del cuestionario Estimación de la inteligencia realizado por Añez, González, González, Lauretti, y Sandoval (2011 dirigido a padres y madres. En esta investigación se utilizó el siguiente baremo: 1 Retrasado, 2 Inteligencia Muy Baja, 3 Inteligencia Baja, 4 Inteligencia Media, 5 Inteligencia Alta, 6 Inteligencia Muy Alta, 7 Superdotado. Los resultados obtenidos reflejaron que tanto hombres como mujeres se estimaron con capacidades lingísticas-verbales y lógico-matemáticas entre los niveles de inteligencia Alta y Media, en las poblaciones estudiadas.

  6. Fostering an entrepreneurial mindset in upper secondary school

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Gentile

    2014-08-01

    In questo articolo si descrive il modello di formazione all’EE definito nell’ambito del progetto europeo “Posso ... Non Posso ... Vado! Rev. 2”, finanziato dal programma Leonardo da Vinci – Transfer of Innovation (TOI, ed è fornita una prima valutazione qualitativa dell’attività di sperimentazione condotta con gli studenti del 4° anno di un Istituto Tecnico per il Turismo di Palermo.

  7. Students' Design of a Biometric Procedure in Upper Secondary School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marzin, Patricia; de Vries, Erica

    2013-01-01

    Making the connection between science and technology might be important for students to learn to identify and solve problems and to acquire scientific knowledge and skills. The research reported in this article concerned the development of a design situation in a science classroom and the study of students performing in this situation. More…

  8. Viljandi Riigigümnaasium = Viljandi Upper Secondary School

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2015-01-01

    Viljandi Riigigümnaasiumi uus hoone Hariduse tänav 2, valminud 2013. Arhitektuuri sihtkapitali arhitektuuripreemia 2013 ja Arhitektuuri sihtkapitali renoveerimispreemia 2013. Arhitektid Maarja Kask, Karli Luik, Ralf Lõoke, Andro Mänd, Margus Tamm (Salto Arhitektid), Eva Laarmann. Sisearhitektid Pille Lausmäe, Kristina Roots, Kerli Lepp. Muinsuskaitse eritingimused Mart Siilivask

  9. Completion of Upper Secondary Education: What Mechanisms Are at Stake?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Munk, Martin D.

    2013-01-01

    also investigate the importance of characteristics other than the traditional variables, such as fathers’ and mothers’ occupations, their education and household income, often applied in studies of educational attainment. I used a recent 1984 cohort database with information about educational...... completion and an informative set of measurements on non-cognitive capacities, parental cultural capital, cultural capital, reading score, several school-related variables, and a rich set of family background variables. Attainment of upper secondary education was analyzed by a multinomial logit model......, showing that characteristics other than the traditional variables all have significant importance. The analysis clearly depicted that the social position and educational levels of both parents remain important in determining whether the child embarks on completing an upper secondary education...

  10. Composites for Exploration Upper Stage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fikes, J. C.; Jackson, J. R.; Richardson, S. W.; Thomas, A. D.; Mann, T. O.; Miller, S. G.

    2016-01-01

    The Composites for Exploration Upper Stage (CEUS) was a 3-year, level III project within the Technology Demonstration Missions program of the NASA Space Technology Mission Directorate. Studies have shown that composites provide important programmatic enhancements, including reduced weight to increase capability and accelerated expansion of exploration and science mission objectives. The CEUS project was focused on technologies that best advanced innovation, infusion, and broad applications for the inclusion of composites on future large human-rated launch vehicles and spacecraft. The benefits included near- and far-term opportunities for infusion (NASA, industry/commercial, Department of Defense), demonstrated critical technologies and technically implementable evolvable innovations, and sustained Agency experience. The initial scope of the project was to advance technologies for large composite structures applicable to the Space Launch System (SLS) Exploration Upper Stage (EUS) by focusing on the affordability and technical performance of the EUS forward and aft skirts. The project was tasked to develop and demonstrate critical composite technologies with a focus on full-scale materials, design, manufacturing, and test using NASA in-house capabilities. This would have demonstrated a major advancement in confidence and matured the large-scale composite technology to a Technology Readiness Level 6. This project would, therefore, have bridged the gap for providing composite application to SLS upgrades, enabling future exploration missions.

  11. Six upper incisors: what's next?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berneburg, Mirjam; Meller, Christian

    2016-01-01

    This case report describes our therapeutic approach taken in a girl with eruption disturbance of the upper anterior teeth. Two supernumerary teeth were involved, which required a combination of orthodontic and surgical treatment. The initial situation in the upper anterior segment was characterized by two supernumerary mesial incisors, ectopic eruption of the distally located lateral incisors, and crowded tooth buds in the canine areas. Key decisions had to be made as to whether any teeth needed to be extracted and, if so, regarding the timing and sites of extraction. Removing teeth too early would have preempted a complete assessment of tooth quality, whereas late extraction would have carried a risk of eruption disturbance. Once the distal lateral incisors had erupted, the supernumerary mesial incisors were extracted and the central incisors (initially located in between) mesialized with a bracket appliance. Following space closure and mesialization of the lateral incisors, a functional appliance was used. Tooth 13 was erupting, while tooth 23 was displaced and subsequently aligned as part of the final bracket treatment. To successfully treat eruption disturbances, a careful diagnostic workup is essential, including informative radiographs, personalized treatment planning, and correct decision-making as to whether teeth need to be extracted and regarding the timing and sites of extraction. Finally, the eruption of the canines should be monitored.

  12. Análisis crítico de un proyecto lingüístico de centro en la comunidad valenciana a partir de la implantación de un programa plurilingüe en castellano

    OpenAIRE

    Gimeno Chorva, Cristina

    2015-01-01

    Treball Final de Màster en Comunicació Intercultural i d'Ensenyament de Llengües. Codi: SAN014. Curs: 2014/2015 Este trabajo se basa en el análisis crítico de un proyecto lingüístico de centro a partir de los supuestos establecidos en la nueva legislación valenciana en materia de plurilingüismo. Para llevar a cabo dicho análisis, se procederá a elaborar un marco teórico inicial con el fin de delimitar el concepto de plurilingüismo y aplicarlo al ámbito educativo, reflexionar so...

  13. Composição centesimal e aceitação de lingüiça elaborada com reduzido teor de gordura e adicionada de concentrados protéicos de soro de leite

    OpenAIRE

    Ferreira,Ana Cláudia Brandi; Fonseca,Leorges Moraes da; Santos,Wagner Luiz Moreira dos

    2009-01-01

    Este trabalho objetivou avaliar a composição centesimal e aceitação de lingüiças de carne suína fabricadas com Concentrado Protéico do Soro (WPC) ou com concentrado protéico, com elevado teor de b-lactoglobulina, como substitutos da gordura. Foram realizados sete tratamentos, um grupo controle, contendo 20% de gordura, e seis tratamentos com reduzido teor de gordura, contendo diferentes níveis de adição de WPC ou de fração de b-lactoglobulina, a saber, três tratamentos com 10% de gordura e ad...

  14. As ações lingüístico-discursivas no discurso jurídico: uma visão sobre a imagem da mulher nos crimes contra os costumes do código penal

    OpenAIRE

    Moraes, Carla Roselma Athayde; Guimarães, Gustavo Miranda; Silva, Priscilla Chantal Duarte; Marchesani, Silvana

    2014-01-01

    Este artigo propõe uma análise da imagem da mulher que se esboça em alguns artigos do Código Penal Brasileiro. Para isso, valemo-nos de algumas orientações teóricas daAnálise do Discurso, no que diz respeito às Formações Discursivas, Ação e Racionalidade e Intencionalidade. Através desse aparato teórico, o trabalho levanta algumas questões de ordem lingüístico-discursivas, fundadoras de um discurso que constrói uma determinada visão da mulher brasileira, no Código Penal.

  15. Relação processador lingüístico-gramática em perspectiva: problemas de unificação em contexto minimalista Processor-grammar relationship in perspective: unification problems in minimalist context

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Letícia Maria Sicuro Corrêa

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available A possibilidade de uma derivação minimalista representar a computação sintática implementada em tempo real é considerada. Parte-se de um histórico da relação entre Lingüística Gerativista e Psicolingüística, ressaltando-se o que há de convergente entre esses campos a partir do Minimalismo. Duas dificuldades para a unificação processador-gramática em um único algoritmo são identificadas: a direcionalidade (ascendente da derivação ante a incrementalidade do processamento lingüístico; a necessidade de se prever movimento sintático com e sem custo. Propõe-se um modelo misto (descente/ascendente no qual a direcionalidade da computação on-line é função do modo como elementos de categorias funcionais e lexicais se relacionam com o sistema conceitual/intencional na língua em uso. Apenas movimento sintático que responde a demandas discursivas é implementado em tempo real.The possibility of a minimalist derivation to represent on-line computation is considered. The relationship between Generative Linguistics and Psycholinguistics is put in perspective in order to highlight convergent developments. Two difficulties are identified in the unification grammar-language processor in a single algorithm: The directionality of the derivation (bottom-up, vis-à-vis incremental processing; predicting costly and uncostly syntactic movement. A top-down/bottom-up model is proposed in which the directionality of the computation is a function of the relationship between elements of functional and lexical categories with the conceptual/intentional system, is actual language use. Syntactic movement that stems from discourse demands is the sole movement operation implemented on-line.

  16. El niño entre cuatro y cinco años: características de su desarrollo socioemocional, psicomotriz y cognitivo-lingüístico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeanneth Cerdas Núñez

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo corresponde a un perfil teórico del infante costarricense cuya edad oscila entre cuatro y cinco años. Contempla algunas de las características del desarrollo socioemocional, psicomotriz y cognitivo-lingüístico de esta población. Su propósito es enriquecer el Programa de Estudio del Ciclo Materno Infantil propuesto por el Ministerio de Educación Pública, brindando al docente que atiende infantes del Grupo Interactivo II, información básica que le permita identificar la etapa del desarrollo en que se encuentran estos niños, de manera que les pueda ofrecer un proceso educativo acorde a sus necesidades e intereses. La caracterización que se expone se definió con el aporte de diversos especialistas en el campo de la salud y la educación. Razón por la cual los datos presentados no estuvieron sujetos a estandarización alguna, sino que se describen con base en el conocimiento y la experiencia de cada uno de los profesionales citados. Se complementa la información con la teoría que aporta la bibliografía existente con respecto al desarrollo del niño. Para efectos de presentación, el perfil que se describe se ha dividido en cuatro apartados: características generales del desarrollo físico, área socioemocional, área psicomotriz y área cognitivo-lingüística

  17. Updates on upper eyelid blepharoplasty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kasturi Bhattacharjee

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The human face is composed of small functional and cosmetic units, of which the eyes and periocular region constitute the main point of focus in routine face-to-face interactions. This dynamic region plays a pivotal role in the expression of mood, emotion, and character, thus making it the most relevant component of the facial esthetic and functional unit. Any change in the periocular unit leads to facial imbalance and functional disharmony, leading both the young and the elderly to seek consultation, thus making blepharoplasty the surgical procedure of choice for both cosmetic and functional amelioration. The applied anatomy, indications of upper eyelid blepharoplasty, preoperative workup, surgical procedure, postoperative care, and complications would be discussed in detail in this review article.

  18. Climate of the upper atmosphere

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christoph Jacobi

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available

    In the frame of the European COST 296 project (Mitigation of Ionospheric Effects on Radio Systems, MIERS

    investigations of the climate of the upper atmosphere have been carried out during the last four years to obtain

    new information on the upper atmosphere. Mainly its ionospheric part has been analysed as the ionosphere

    most essential for the propagation of radio waves. Due to collaboration between different European partners

    many new results have been derived in the fields of long-term trends of different ionospheric and related atmospheric

    parameters, the investigations of different types of atmospheric waves and their impact on the ionosphere,

    the variability of the ionosphere, and the investigation of some space weather effects on the ionosphere.


  19. Formação do professor e representações sociais de língua(gem: por uma lingüística implicada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria de Lourdes Meirelles Matencio

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses the recent impact of linguistic studies on the qualification and performance of elementary and junior high school teachers, focusing mainly on the treatment given to reading, writing and linguistic analysis practices in that context. Two aspects are the object of this reflection: first, advances in the filed of linguistics are related to social transformations; then, the paper considers necessary changes in the initial and continuing qualification of teachers, so as to imprint a critical linguistic formation on elementary and junior high school education.

  20. Swedish Upper Secondary Students' Perspectives on the Typical Mathematics Lesson

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andrews, Paul; Larson, Niclas

    2017-01-01

    This paper presents a group interview study of Swedish upper secondary students' perspectives on the typical mathematics lesson. Students, from four demographically different schools, constructed a collective synthesis of their many years' experience of mathematics classrooms. Transcriptions were subjected to a constant comparison analysis, which…

  1. Upper Secondary French Students, Chemical Transformations and the "Register of Models": A Cross-Sectional Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cokelez, Aytekin; Dumon, Alain; Taber, Keith S.

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to identify how upper secondary school French students (Grade 10-12) interpret chemical transformation with regards to the changes within molecules and atoms, and in terms of intramolecular and/or intermolecular bond breaking. In order to identify and describe the students' assimilated knowledge, four questions were…

  2. Hypermedia-Based Problem Based Learning in the Upper Elementary Grades: A Developmental Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brinkerhoff, Jonathan D.; Glazewski, Krista

    This paper describes the application of problem-based learning (PBL) design principles and the inclusion of teacher and study scaffolds to the design and implementation of a hypermedia-based learning unit for the upper elementary/middle school grades. The study examined the following research questions: (1) Does hypermedia-based PBL represent an…

  3. Relativity, Quantum Physics and Philosophy in the Upper Secondary Curriculum: Challenges, Opportunities and Proposed Approaches

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henriksen, Ellen K.; Bungum, Berit; Angell, Carl; Tellefsen, Catherine W.; Frågåt, Thomas; Bøe, Maria Vetleseter

    2014-01-01

    In this article, we discuss how quantum physics and relativity can be taught in upper secondary school, in ways that promote conceptual understanding and philosophical reflections. We present the ReleQuant project, in which web-based teaching modules have been developed. The modules address competence aims in the Norwegian national curriculum for…

  4. Diagnosis and treatment of upper limb apraxia

    OpenAIRE

    Dovern, A.; Fink, G. R.; Weiss, P. H.

    2012-01-01

    Upper limb apraxia, a disorder of higher motor cognition, is a common consequence of left-hemispheric stroke. Contrary to common assumption, apraxic deficits not only manifest themselves during clinical testing but also have delirious effects on the patients’ everyday life and rehabilitation. Thus, a reliable diagnosis and efficient treatment of upper limb apraxia is important to improve the patients’ prognosis after stroke. Nevertheless, to date, upper limb apraxia is still an underdiagnosed...

  5. Fuzzy upper bounds and their applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Soleimani-damaneh, M. [Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Mathematical Science and Computer Engineering, Teacher Training University, 599 Taleghani Avenue, Tehran 15618 (Iran, Islamic Republic of)], E-mail: soleimani_d@yahoo.com

    2008-04-15

    This paper considers the concept of fuzzy upper bounds and provides some relevant applications. Considering a fuzzy DEA model, the existence of a fuzzy upper bound for the objective function of the model is shown and an effective approach to solve that model is introduced. Some dual interpretations are provided, which are useful for practical purposes. Applications of the concept of fuzzy upper bounds in two physical problems are pointed out.

  6. Russia's social upper class: from ostentation to culturedness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schimpfossl, Elisabeth

    2014-03-01

    This article discusses examples of strategies employed by representatives of Russia's new social upper class to acquire social distinction. By the late 2000s many of the upper-class Russians included in this study distanced themselves from the conspicuous ostentation ascribed to the brutish 1990s. Instead, they strove to gain legitimacy for their social position by no longer aggressively displaying their wealth, but instead elaborating more refined and individualized tastes and manners and reviving a more cultured image and self-image. These changes found their expression in various modes of social distinction ranging from external signs, such as fashion and cars, to ostentation vicariously exercised through the people these upper-class Russians surrounded themselves with. The article will trace these interviewees' strategies for distinction in the late 2000s by discussing tastes in lifestyle and consumption as well as adornment through sartorial signs and through vicarious ostentation, as exemplified by their choice of female company. Changing attitudes towards vehicles and modes of transport, with special regards to the Moscow Metro, will serve as a further illustration of modes of distinction. Crucial for this discussion is the role of the Russian/Soviet intelligentsia, both for vicarious status assertion and elite distinction anchored in the interviewees' social backgrounds. © London School of Economics and Political Science 2014.

  7. Upper plenum mixing in a BWR

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Alamgir, M.; Andersen, J.G.M.; Parameswaran, V.

    1984-01-01

    A model for the emergency core cooling injection into the upper plenum of a boiling water reactor has been formulated and implemented into the TRACB02 computer program. The model consists of a spray model and a submerged jet model. The submerged jet model is used when the spray nozzles are covered by a two-phase mixture, and the spray model is used when the nozzles are uncovered. The upper plenum model has been assessed by comparison to an upper plenum mixing test in the Steam Sector Test Facility. It is found that the model accurately predicts the phenomena in the upper plenum of a boiling water reactor

  8. Upper gastrointestinal bleeding - state of the art.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szura, Mirosław; Pasternak, Artur

    2014-01-01

    Upper gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding is a condition requiring immediate medical intervention, with high associated mortality exceeding 10%. The most common cause of upper GI bleeding is peptic ulcer disease, which largely corresponds to the intake of NSAIDs and Helicobacter pylori infection. Endoscopy is the essential tool for the diagnosis and treatment of active upper GI hemorrhage. Endoscopic therapy together with proton pump inhibitors and eradication of Helicobacter pylori significantly reduces rebleeding rates, mortality and number of emergency surgical interventions. This paper presents contemporary data on the diagnosis and treatment of upper gastrointestinal bleeding.

  9. Smartphone supported upper limb prosthesis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hepp D.

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available State of the art upper limb prostheses offer up to six active DoFs (degrees of freedom and are controlled using different grip patterns. This low number of DoFs combined with a machine-human-interface which does not provide control over all DoFs separately result in a lack of usability for the patient. The aim of this novel upper limb prosthesis is both offering simplified control possibilities for changing grip patterns depending on the patients’ priorities and the improvement of grasp capability. Design development followed the design process requirements given by the European Medical Device Directive 93/42 ECC and was structured into the topics mechanics, software and drive technology. First user needs were identified by literature research and by patient feedback. Consequently, concepts were evaluated against technical and usability requirements. A first evaluation prototype with one active DoF per finger was manufactured. In a second step a test setup with two active DoF per finger was designed. The prototype is connected to an Android based smartphone application. Two main grip patterns can be preselected in the software application and afterwards changed and used by the EMG signal. Three different control algorithms can be selected: “all-day”, “fine” and “tired muscle”. Further parameters can be adjusted to customize the prosthesis to the patients’ needs. First patient feedback certified the prosthesis an improved level of handling compared to the existing devices. Using the two DoF test setup, the possibilities of finger control with a neural network are evaluated at the moment. In a first user feedback test, the smartphone based software application increased the device usability, e.g. the change within preselected grip patterns and the “tired muscle” algorithm. Although the overall software application was positively rated, the handling of the prosthesis itself needs to be proven within a patient study to be

  10. Report from upper atmospheric science

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Carignan, G.R.; Roble, R.G.; Mende, S.B.; Nagy, A.F.; Hudson, R.D.

    1989-01-01

    Most of the understanding of the thermosphere resulted from the analysis of data accrued through the Atmosphere Explorer satellites, the Dynamics Explorer 2 satellite, and observations from rockets, balloons, and ground based instruments. However, new questions were posed by the data that have not yet been answered. The mesosphere and lower thermosphere have been less thoroughly studied because of the difficulty of accessibility on a global scale, and many rather fundamental characteristics of these regions are not well understood. A wide variety of measurement platforms can be used to implement various parts of a measurement strategy, but the major thrusts of the International Solar Terrestrial Physics Program would require Explorer-class missions. A remote sensing mission to explore the mesosphere and lower thermosphere and one and two Explorer-type spacecraft to enable a mission into the thermosphere itself would provide the essential components of a productive program of exploration of this important region of the upper atomsphere. Theoretical mission options are explored

  11. Upper gastrointestinal bleeding in patients with CKD.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liang, Chih-Chia; Wang, Su-Ming; Kuo, Huey-Liang; Chang, Chiz-Tzung; Liu, Jiung-Hsiun; Lin, Hsin-Hung; Wang, I-Kuan; Yang, Ya-Fei; Lu, Yueh-Ju; Chou, Che-Yi; Huang, Chiu-Ching

    2014-08-07

    Patients with CKD receiving maintenance dialysis are at risk for upper gastrointestinal bleeding. However, the risk of upper gastrointestinal bleeding in patients with early CKD who are not receiving dialysis is unknown. The hypothesis was that their risk of upper gastrointestinal bleeding is negatively linked to renal function. To test this hypothesis, the association between eGFR and risk of upper gastrointestinal bleeding in patients with stages 3-5 CKD who were not receiving dialysis was analyzed. Patients with stages 3-5 CKD in the CKD program from 2003 to 2009 were enrolled and prospectively followed until December of 2012 to monitor the development of upper gastrointestinal bleeding. The risk of upper gastrointestinal bleeding was analyzed using competing-risks regression with time-varying covariates. In total, 2968 patients with stages 3-5 CKD who were not receiving dialysis were followed for a median of 1.9 years. The incidence of upper gastrointestinal bleeding per 100 patient-years was 3.7 (95% confidence interval, 3.5 to 3.9) in patients with stage 3 CKD, 5.0 (95% confidence interval, 4.8 to 5.3) in patients with stage 4 CKD, and 13.9 (95% confidence interval, 13.1 to 14.8) in patients with stage 5 CKD. Higher eGFR was associated with a lower risk of upper gastrointestinal bleeding (P=0.03), with a subdistribution hazard ratio of 0.93 (95% confidence interval, 0.87 to 0.99) for every 5 ml/min per 1.73 m(2) higher eGFR. A history of upper gastrointestinal bleeding (Pupper gastrointestinal bleeding risk. In patients with CKD who are not receiving dialysis, lower renal function is associated with higher risk for upper gastrointestinal bleeding. The risk is higher in patients with previous upper gastrointestinal bleeding history and low serum albumin. Copyright © 2014 by the American Society of Nephrology.

  12. Democratic Schooling in Norway: Implications for Leadership in Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moller, Jorunn

    2006-01-01

    This article explores the meaning of an education based on democratic values and the implications for school leadership in practice. Based on findings from a case study in a Norwegian upper secondary school, the study describes democratic school leadership in practice, with particular attention to the distribution of power and leadership in the…

  13. School Leadership and Ethnic Diversity: Approaching the Challenge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andersen, Fred Carlo; Ottesen, Eli

    2011-01-01

    In this article we explore school leaders' responses to challenges of inclusion in two Norwegian upper secondary schools. The empirical data are interviews with principals, deputies and social advisers in the two schools. We use multicultural education and inclusive leadership as theoretical lenses in the analysis. The results show that while the…

  14. Unsedated Flexible Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopy: Need for ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: To determine the incidence of oxygen desaturation and whether routine oxygen monitoring is necessary during unsedated diagnostic flexible upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. Methods: A prospective study involving 54 consecutive in and out patients who had diagnostic upper gastrointestinal endoscopy at ...

  15. A Boundary Property for Upper Domination

    KAUST Repository

    AbouEisha, Hassan M.; Hussain, Shahid; Lozin, Vadim; Monnot, Jé rô me; Ries, Bernard; Zamaraev, Viktor

    2016-01-01

    An upper dominating set in a graph is a minimal (with respect to set inclusion) dominating set of maximum cardinality.The problem of finding an upper dominating set is generally NP-hard, but can be solved in polynomial time in some restricted graph

  16. The Upper Atmosphere; Threshold of Space.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bird, John

    This booklet contains illustrations of the upper atmosphere, describes some recent discoveries, and suggests future research questions. It contains many color photographs. Sections include: (1) "Where Does Space Begin?"; (2) "Importance of the Upper Atmosphere" (including neutral atmosphere, ionized regions, and balloon and investigations); (3)…

  17. Da análise de questões sobre concordância em provas de concursos públicos a uma reflexão sobre normativismo e política lingüística no Brasil

    OpenAIRE

    Eveli Seganfredo

    2003-01-01

    Este trabalho visa a, através da análise – sob a perspectiva da sociolingüística variacionista – de questões de concordância nominal e verbal de provas de língua portuguesa de concursos públicos de nível médio, proceder a uma reflexão sobre o normativismo e a política lingüística no Brasil. Os concursos públicos são apresentados como agentes promotores de uma política lingüística aparentemente difusa. Eles vêm interferindo na e, muitas vezes, determinando a elaboração de currículos e programa...

  18. La Comprensión Lectora en el Desarrollo de las Habilidades Lingüísticas de los Idiomas Quechua e Inglés en los Estudiantes de Pregrado de la Universidad Nacional José Faustino Sánchez Carrión

    OpenAIRE

    Escudero Escudero, Melchor Epifanio; Universidad Nacional José Faustino Sánchez Carrión; Escudero Villanueva, Yulliana de Lourdes; Universidad Nacional José Faustino Sánchez Carrión

    2017-01-01

    Objetivo: Explicar cómo la compresión lectora influye en el desarrollo de las habilidades lingüísticas de los idiomas quechua e inglés en los estudiantes de Pregrado de la Universidad Nacional José Faustino Sánchez Carrión. Métodos: Se aplicó un diseño preexperimental con pretest y postest para medir el cambio ocurrido desde el pretest hasta el postest de la comprensión lectora en el desarrollo de las habilidades lingüísticas de los idiomas quechua e inglés, teniendo como muestra de estudio a...

  19. Salmonella spp. em carcaças, carne mecanicamente separada, lingüiças e cortes comerciais de frango Salmonella spp. in carcasses, mechanically deboned meat, sausages and chicken meat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angela Cleusa de Fátima Banzatto de Carvalho

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Alimentos de origem animal representam papel fundamental na epidemiologia das salmoneloses humanas. Apesar dos avanços tecnológicos, a carne de frango ainda é passível de contaminação bacteriana, especialmente por microrganismos do gênero Salmonella, que podem encontrar-se albergados no trato intestinal ou em outra parte do corpo das aves. O presente trabalho objetivou pesquisar a ocorrência de Salmonella em carne de frango e derivados procedentes da região Nordeste do Estado de São Paulo. Foram analisadas, através do método convencional de cultivo, 45 amostras de carcaças, 60 de carne mecanicamente separada (CMS, 25 de lingüiça de frango, 20 de peito, e 15 de coxa e sobre-coxa. Salmonella spp. foi encontrada em 13,3% (6/45 das carcaças, 25% (15/60 das amostras de CMS, 16% (4/25 das lingüiças, 30% (6/20 dos peitos e 13,3% (2/15 das coxas e sobre-coxas analisadas. Do total de 165 amostras analisadas, 33 (20% apresentaram contaminação por Salmonella estando, portanto, impróprias para o consumo conforme legislação brasileira.Food of animal origin represents an important role in the epidemiology of human salmonellosis. In spite of the technological improvement, the chicken meat is subjected to bacterial contamination, mainly by microorganisms of the genus Salmonella that can be found in the intestinal tract or elsewhere on the chicken body. The aim of this study was to investigate the occurrence of Salmonella in chicken meat and cuts from the Northeast region of São Paulo State, Brazil. By conventional cultivation microbiological methods, 45 samples of carcasses, 60 samples of mechanically deboned meat (MDM, 25 samples of chicken sausages, 20 samples of chest, and 15 samples of chicken leg and thigh. Salmonella was found in 13.3% (6/45 of the carcass, 25% (15/60 of the MDM, 16% (4/25 of the sausages, 30% (6/20 of the chests and 13.3% (2/15 of the tight analysed. The results showed that 33 (20% out of 165 samples were

  20. La reconstrucción de un pasado lingüístico através de la narrativa presente: lengua, historia e identidad en El Nacimiento de los Negros

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Esteban Hernandez

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available El Nacimiento de los Negros, el asentamiento más importante de los negrosmascogos, se encuentra dentro de los límites municipales de Músquiz, Coahuila,México. La lengua original y mayoritaria de la comunidad era hasta hace algunasdécadas el afroseminol, una lengua emparentada al criollo de base inglesa queaún se habla en el sureste de los Estados Unidos. En el siguiente trabajo trazola historia sociolingüística de la comunidad, basándome en las referenciashistóricas disponibles en la memoria colectiva y en la evidencia histórica conque cuenta la comunidad misma. Concilio dos fuentes que nos proporcionarándatos y pruebas que nos permitirán delinear la trayectoria lingüística del grupo.Utilizo los aspectos de la historia escrita que me son disponibles y que se centranen los principales acontecimientos que han experimentado los mascogoscomo grupo en el área fronteriza. Incorporo también el análisis de narrativasrecogidas en entrevistas sociolingüísticas que se hicieron entre informantes deedad ya muy avanzada en la comunidad que asumen una identidad mascoga porser descendientes directos de padre o madre de origen afroseminol. El análisisseñala que el desplazamiento lingüístico, como resultado del contacto culturalen Nacimiento de los Negros, inició la integración de los negros mascogos ala cultura nacional. Sin embargo, el contexto sociohistórico marcó la pautadel proceso de aculturación. En el presente trabajo ofrezco datos testimonialesque apoyan las cuatro fases sociohistóricas, que arguyo, influyeron en dichoproceso: 1 la etapa de arrendamiento militar y persecución, 2 la etapa detransición y neutralidad, 3 la etapa de fuerte integración a la cultura nacionaly 4 la etapa de integración y dependencia económica. Las etapas se distinguenentre sí por el mantenimiento del criollo de base inglesa en la primera fase, elinicio de la desplazamiento en las siguientes y el desplazamiento casi total enla última.

  1. Actitudes lingüísticas en Venezuela. Exploración de creencias hacia la variante nacional, la lengua española y el español dialectal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hecsil Yosibel Coello Millán

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Resumen Este artículo analiza las actitudes lingüísticas de hablantes nativos de español de Caracas hacia al español de Venezuela y el de los otros países hispanohablantes. El artículo es parte de los resultados del Proyecto LIAS (Linguistic Identity and Attitudes in Spanish-speaking Latin America, financiado por El Consejo Noruego de Investigación (RCN. La recolección de los datos se realizó en la capital, entrevistando a una muestra de 400 personas, estratificada con las variables de edad, sexo y nivel socioeconómico. Se analizaron los datos cuantitativa y cualitativamente para identificar las opiniones y creencias de los hablantes y poder describir sus actitudes lingüísticas hacia el habla española de las regiones del país y de otros países hispanohablantes. Este estudio observa un cambio de actitud hacia la variante del español nacional y describe las creencias que comparten los caraqueños hacia el español Abstract This article analyzes the linguistic attitudes of native Spanish-speakers from Caracas towards Spanish spoken in Venezuela and in the other Spanish-speaking countries. It is a result of the LIAS-Project (Linguistic Identity and Attitudes in Spanish-speaking Latin America, funded by The Research Council of Norway (RCN. The data were gathered in the capital of the country, interviewing a stratified sample of 400 respondents, based on the variables of age, sex and socioeconomic status. The quantitative and qualitative data were analyzed in order to identify the opinions and beliefs of the speakers, and to be able to describe their linguistic attitudes towards the Spanish varieties of the different regions of the country. This study shows an attitudinal change towards the national variety of Spanish and describes the beliefs that caraqueños share towards the Spanish language.

  2. Efectos de la Dislexia en las Habilidades Lingúisticas del Idioma Inglés en Niños de Segundo Ciclo de Nivel Primario de Colegios Particulares Bilingues de la U.G.E.L. Norte, Arequipa 2004

    OpenAIRE

    Pastor de Jones Ingrid Victoria

    2006-01-01

    El presente trabajo de investigación se denomina: EFECTOS de la DISLEXIA en las HABILIDADES LINGÜÍSTICAS DEL IDIOMA INGLES EN NIÑOS DEL SEGUNDO CICLO DEL NIVEL PRIMARIO DE COLEGIOS PARTICULARES BILINGÜES DE LA U.G.E.L. NORTE Arequipa, 2004. Las variables a investigar son: Variable independiente: Dislexia. Indicadores Dyseidesia, Dysphonesia y Dysnekinesia Variable dependiente: Habilidades lingüísticas del idioma Inglés: Indicadores: Listening, Speaking, Reading, Wri...

  3. Teachers’ Thoughts and Students’ Strategies : An empirical study on Swedish upper-secondary students’ andteachers’ perception on reading comprehension

    OpenAIRE

    Sibahi, Samir

    2017-01-01

    Previous studies have shown that explicit reading strategy teaching has positive effects on English second language (ESL) students’ reading comprehension. However, Swedish upper- secondary students’ attitudes towards English reading comprehension classes are relatively unknown. This study therefore has the objectives of finding out to what extent reading strategies are taught explicitly in upper-secondary schools in Sweden, and to investigate how students and teachers perceive reading compreh...

  4. Farm-to-School Programs: Perspectives of School Food Service Professionals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Izumi, Betty T.; Alaimo, Katherine; Hamm, Michael W.

    2010-01-01

    Objective: This qualitative study used a case study approach to explore the potential of farm-to-school programs to simultaneously improve children's diets and provide farmers with viable market opportunities. Design: Semistructured interviews were the primary data collection strategy. Setting: Seven farm-to-school programs in the Upper Midwest…

  5. School accidents in Austria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schalamon, Johannes; Eberl, Robert; Ainoedhofer, Herwig; Singer, Georg; Spitzer, Peter; Mayr, Johannes; Schober, Peter H; Hoellwarth, Michael E

    2007-09-01

    The aim of this study was to obtain information about the mechanisms and types of injuries in school in Austria. Children between 0 and 18 years of age presenting with injuries at the trauma outpatient in the Department of Pediatric Surgery in Graz and six participating hospitals in Austria were evaluated over a 2-year prospective survey. A total of 28,983 pediatric trauma cases were registered. Personal data, site of the accident, circumstances and mechanisms of accident and the related diagnosis were evaluated. At the Department of Pediatric Surgery in Graz 21,582 questionnaires were completed, out of which 2,148 children had school accidents (10%). The remaining 7,401 questionnaires from peripheral hospitals included 890 school accidents (12%). The male/female ratio was 3:2. In general, sport injuries were a predominant cause of severe trauma (42% severe injuries), compared with other activities in and outside of the school building (26% severe injuries). Injuries during ball-sports contributed to 44% of severe injuries. The upper extremity was most frequently injured (34%), followed by lower extremity (32%), head and neck area (26%) and injuries to thorax and abdomen (8%). Half of all school related injuries occur in children between 10 and 13 years of age. There are typical gender related mechanisms of accident: Boys get frequently injured during soccer, violence, and collisions in and outside of the school building and during craft work. Girls have the highest risk of injuries at ball sports other than soccer.

  6. Access through the Ages at an Elite Boarding School: A Case Study of Phillips Academy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carney, Samantha

    2012-01-01

    This study is about access for low-income students at an elite boarding school. As "feeder schools" to elite colleges and universities, elite boarding schools play a significant role in determining which students will be in the upper class in America; however, little is known about the history of low-income students at these schools. The…

  7. Aplicación pedagógica de la lingüística de corpus a una clase de gramática avanzada de español como segunda lengua

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paz, Yanira

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Este estudio recoge las experiencias de la enseñanza de un curso de gramática avanzada de español como segunda lengua usando la lingüística de corpus (LC como herramienta pedagógica. Si bien el uso pedagógico de LC en lenguas como el inglés ha sido ampliamente reportado, son escasos los estudios relacionados con el español. Como se desprenderá de estas experiencias, la LC permite el estudio de las estructuras de la lengua (objetivo de una clase de gramática avanzada y, al mismo tiempo, permite ver estas estructuras y sus usos en producciones reales y naturales aparte de presentarlas en contextos textuales y culturales auténticos. La LC se constituye, de esta manera, en una forma de aprendizaje mediante el uso de datos (‘data-driven learning’. El/la estudiante investigador/a usa datos, en un proceso inductivo, para llegar a la proposición de reglas gramaticales; todo lo contrario de lo que ha sido la enseñanza tradicional de la gramática del español como primera o segunda lengua.

  8. Galicia-Argentina y cómo gestionar la diversidad lingüística: las lenguas en las leyes sobre los servicios de comunicación audiovisual

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Graciana Vázquez Villanueva

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo del presente trabajo es analizar la función otorgada a la(s lengua(s en dos leyes sobre servicios audiovisuales: la Ley de Servicios de Comunicación Audiovisual 26552 sancionada el 10/10/2009 por el Congreso nacional en Argentina y la Ley 9/2011, del 9/11/2011, de los Medios Públicos de Comunicación Audiovisual de Galicia. Realizamos una indagación glotopolitica a partir del contraste entre ambas leyes no sólo porque exponen distintas maneras de intervención del estado, sino porque otorgan a las lenguas una ubicación de privilegio (la ley argentina o de reducción (la ley gallega como consecuencia de la incidencia del proceso neoliberal. Nos detenemos en ciertos problemas que articulan fuertemente lo político y lo lingüístico en la medida en que la producción audiovisual en lengua propia se presenta como núcleo promotor de un imaginario socio-cultural, como espacio para la normalización de una lengua y como factor de cohesión social e identidad. Estudiamos, además, el discurso intelectual gallego que formula una clara resistencia a esta planificación estatal.

  9. MARIA BEATRIZ FONTANELLA DE WEINBERG, El español bonaerense. Cuatro siglos de evolución lingüistica (1 580-1980 . Buenos Aires, Hachette, 1987.174p.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Luis Rivarola

    1988-06-01

    Full Text Available La evolución lingüística del español de Buenos Aires ha sido materia de varios trabajos anteriores de la autora quien en este libro reúne los resultados de sus investigaciones en un panorama que abarca cuatro siglos. Hasta donde llega mi información, es el primer trabajo de conjunto que comprende todo el desarrollo histórico de un español regional americano; con esto ya queda anticipada su novedad y su importancia, pues es un hecho conocido que la historia del español de América no ha sido objeto de estudios sistemáticos de conjunto y de amplio alcance cronológico. Además, se sustenta en el examen de un amplio corpus documental, para cuya información y evaluación se ha tenido muy presente la fiabilidad de la transcripción y la representatividad sociolingüística; este corpus se completa con fuentes secundarias, especialmente ricas a partir del s. XIX (tratados preceptivos, literatura costumbrista.

  10. Repeated measures of recent headache, neck and upper back pain in Australian adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grimmer, K; Nyland, L; Milanese, S

    2006-07-01

    The epidemiological and clinical literature identifies strong associations between adult headache, cervical and thoracic spine dysfunction and spinal posture. This paper reports on the prevalence and incidence of headache, neck and upper back pain which occurred in the previous week, in urban Australians aged 13-17 years. Commencing in 1999, we followed a cohort of South Australian students through 5 years of secondary schooling. Of our commencing cohort of students, 132 (30%) provided data on bodily pain every year. For both girls and boys, there was a significantly decreasing prevalence of headache over the study period, while neck pain and upper back pain increased. There was a significantly increasing trend over time for boys with upper back pain. Twenty percent of girls and boys consistently reported headache, neck pain or upper back pain over 5 years. The progression of early adolescent headaches to mid-adolescent neck and upper back pain potentially reflects the adolescents' biomechanical responses to intrinsic and extrinsic imposts. This requires further investigation to understand the causes of adolescent headache, neck and upper thoracic pain.

  11. L'aula d'acollida com a espai per a l'aprenentatge lingüístic: la perspectiva del professorat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Espelt

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to offer an understanding of the teachers' tasks in the reception classroom from their own point of view. The reception classroom is quite a new reality in Catalonia and it has been established with certain urgency because of the social demand. For this reason it is interesting to know how teachers manage communication in these multicultural classrooms and to value the usefulness of this communication for the children. The study is based on in-depth interviews with three teachers working in reception classrooms in a high school in Lleida. The analysis focuses on the impact of the teachers' specific academic background and professional experience and on their views about different aspects of their teaching practice.

  12. Delaware River and Upper Bay Sediment Data

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The area of coverage consists of 192 square miles of benthic habitat mapped from 2005 to 2007 in the Delaware River and Upper Delaware Bay. The bottom sediment map...

  13. Climate influences on upper Limpopo River flow

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-01-01

    Jan 1, 2016 ... Keywords: Limpopo Valley, hydro-meteorology, surface water deficit. * To whom all ... millenia and there is a history of drought impacts on vegetation. (Ekblom et ... water budget of the upper Limpopo River valley using direct.

  14. γ -phlebography of the upper limbs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jacolot, G.; Legendre, P.; Millour, L.; Barra, J.A.; Perramant, M.; Morin, P.P.

    1981-01-01

    γ-phlebography is an easy and repetitive exploration of deep venous thrombosis. This investigation becomes very useful for the upper limbs on account of the present frequency of iatrogenic thrombosis [fr

  15. Lathlike upper bainite in a silicon steel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Liu Cheng; Zhao Zhenbo; Bhole, S.D.

    2006-01-01

    The morphology and mechanical properties of upper bainite formed isothermally at 400 deg. C for different holding times in a 1.83 wt.% silicon steel have been investigated by optical metallograph, X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). In the early stage of upper bainitic transformation, lathlike bainite whose individual lath ferrite is separated by the thin film type of retained austenite is obtained. As the isothermal holding times are increased, the blocky region consisting of retained austenite and martensite is also found. The stability of retained austenite in lathlike upper bainite is studied in relation to the isothermal treatment times, and the heat treatment conditions. The results show that an optimum combination of strength and ductility is attributed to the formation of bainitic ferrite (BF) and a large amount of thin film carbon-enriched retained austenite in the upper bainite

  16. upper gastrointestinal endoscopy findings in patients referred

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2014-08-01

    Aug 1, 2014 ... Objective: To determine the pattern of referral and endoscopy ... build a model of a flexible fibre imaging device (2) ..... a retrospective and prospective audit of all upper ... endoscopy should be reserved for the high risk.

  17. Parametric decay below the upper hybrid frequency

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Albers, E; Krause, K; Schlueter, H [Bochum Univ. (Germany, F.R.). Inst. fuer Experimentalphysik 2

    1977-03-21

    Parametric decay of the upper hybrid mode is observed between the electron cyclotron frequency and its first two harmonics. The decay products are identified as electron Bernstein and ion acoustic mode. The diagnostic results confirm the relevant dispersion relations.

  18. An approach to the painful upper limb

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Pain in the upper limb is a common presenting complaint in the primary health care setting and the ... disruptions or pathological fracture, as opposed to ... and a neurological assessment of the lower limbs. This is in addition to a thorough.

  19. CASE STUDY CRITIQUE; UPPER CLINCH CASE STUDY

    Science.gov (United States)

    Case study critique: Upper Clinch case study (from Research on Methods for Integrating Ecological Economics and Ecological Risk Assessment: A Trade-off Weighted Index Approach to Integrating Economics and Ecological Risk Assessment). This critique answers the questions: 1) does ...

  20. Appropriateness of Referrals for Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopy ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Appropriateness of Referrals for Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. ... Accra between January and December, 2008 were interviewed and evaluated for this study. ... Presentations with bleeding and suspicion of malignancy showed statistical ...

  1. Endometrioid carcinoma of the upper urinary tract

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kulkarni Jagdeesh

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Herein, we report a second case of endometrioid carcinoma of the upper urinary tract presenting 17 years after hysterectomy for high grade adenocarcinoma of ovary. A 51-year-old nullipara presented to us with a complaint of hematuria. After complete work up, she underwent right radical nephro-ureterectomy with bladder cuff excision. The histology showed endometrioid carcinoma of upper urinary tract without any evidence of endometriosis.

  2. Upper gastrointestinal alterations in kidney transplant candidates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Homse Netto, João Pedro; Pinheiro, João Pedro Sant'Anna; Ferrari, Mariana Lopes; Soares, Mirella Tizziani; Silveira, Rogério Augusto Gomes; Maioli, Mariana Espiga; Delfino, Vinicius Daher Alvares

    2018-05-14

    The incidence of gastrointestinal disorders among patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) is high, despite the lack of a good correlation between endoscopic findings and symptoms. Many services thus perform upper gastrointestinal (UGI) endoscopy on kidney transplant candidates. This study aims to describe the alterations seen on the upper endoscopies of 96 kidney-transplant candidates seen from 2014 to 2015. Ninety-six CKD patients underwent upper endoscopic examination as part of the preparation to receive kidney grafts. The data collected from the patients' medical records were charted on Microsoft Office Excel 2016 and presented descriptively. Mean values, medians, interquartile ranges and 95% confidence intervals of the clinic and epidemiological variables were calculated. Possible associations between endoscopic findings and infection by H. pylori were studied. Males accounted for 54.17% of the 96 patients included in the study. Median age and time on dialysis were 50 years and 50 months, respectively. The most frequent upper endoscopy finding was enanthematous pangastritis (57.30%), followed by erosive esophagitis (30.20%). Gastric intestinal metaplasia and peptic ulcer were found in 8.33% and 7.30% of the patients, respectively. H. pylori tests were positive in 49 patients, and H. pylori infection was correlated only with non-erosive esophagitis (P = 0.046). Abnormal upper endoscopy findings were detected in all studied patients. This study suggested that upper endoscopy is a valid procedure for kidney transplant candidates. However, prospective studies are needed to shed more light on this matter.

  3. Kinbasket Reservoir and Upper Columbia River Kokanee spawner index 2005

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Manson, H.; Porto, L.

    2006-01-01

    The results of an escapement survey for tributaries to the Kinbasket Reservoir and the Upper Columbia River were provided. Two aerial surveys were conducted during October, 2005. The Kokanee were grouped in schools and summed in order to provide independent estimates. Otoliths of the fish were also extracted in order to determine their age. Results of the survey showed that an estimated 236,760 Kokanee fish were spawning within 11 index streams and rivers within the Kinbasket Reservoir drainage area. Mean fork length was estimated at 24.7 cm. While the Columbia River continues to be the most important Kokanee spawning location in the Kinbasket Reservoir drainage area, the 2005 Kokanee escapement index was the third lowest recorded since 1996. It was concluded that declining fish size and declining abundance may indicate reduced reservoir productivity. 5 refs., 1 tab., 4 figs

  4. Using Photostory, MovieMaker and Voki to Motivate Danish Upper Secondary Students to Learn German Language and Culture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pals Svendsen, Lisbet; Mondahl, Margrethe; Faizi, Ahmad Zaki

    2014-01-01

    Foreign language and culture learning suffers from a bad image in Danish Upper Secondary schools and German is not an exception. It means that the majority of Danish Upper Secondary school students are not particularly interested in learning the language. Therefore, intrinsic motivation plays...... which was conducted on the basis of semi-structured focus group interviews with n=50 high school students and n=2 high school teachers shows that the ICT tools Photostory, MovieMaker and Voki indeed have an influence on students’ perceived intrinsic motivation in connection with German language...... a pivotal role in German language and culture learning in Denmark. One didactic initiative proposed to remedy the lack of intrinsic motivation is the introduction of various ICT (Information and Communication Technology) tools. This is the background for the research described in this article. Our study...

  5. [Frequency, nature and distribution of school sport injuries at different types of schools].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greier, K; Riechelmann, H

    2012-12-01

    A high percentage of all sports injuries occur during school sports. It was analysed whether there are differences in frequency, nature and distribution of school sport injuries at two different types of schools. School sport injuries of all secondary modern schools (n = 106) and in lower classes of grammar Schools (n = 17) in the federal state of Tyrol, Austria, from the ten school years 2001/02 to 2010/11 were analysed. All physical injuries occurring during school sports and resulting in the consultation of a medical doctor and therefore being reported to the general accident department (Allgemeine Unfallversicherungsanstalt [AUVA]) were assessed. During the evaluation period an average number of 32,935 (±1584) school children attended the two types of schools in Tyrol per year. The average incidence of school sports injuries in this ten-year period in both types of schools was 36.4/1,000 (mean) with a standard deviation of 4.4/1,000 per school child per year. The incidence increased from 30.3 in the school year 2001/02 to 40.4 in the school year 2010/11 (r = 0.91; b = 1.34; p school sport injuries at secondary modern schools (37.4 ± 4.9 per 1,000 school children per year) was higher than at the lower classes of grammar schools (32.9 ± 4.0 per 1,000 school children per year; relative risk 1.138; 95% CI = 1.09-1.19; p = 1.8 × 10-8). In addition, the sports injuries of the school year 2010/11 were analysed in detail and a comparison was made between the two types of schools. The distribution pattern of school sports injuries did not show any significant differences between both school types. At the secondary modern schools, as well as in the lower classes of grammar schools, injuries to the upper extremities prevailed (>50%). Ball sports were responsible for every second injury. Secondary modern school pupils had a significantly higher risk of suffering a school sports injury than pupils in the lower classes of grammar schools. The injury pattern did not show

  6. Certified Schools

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Homeland Security — Certified schools must provide specific information regarding the school, the nature and requirements of the educational program, location and contact information,...

  7. ON COMPUTING UPPER LIMITS TO SOURCE INTENSITIES

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kashyap, Vinay L.; Siemiginowska, Aneta; Van Dyk, David A.; Xu Jin; Connors, Alanna; Freeman, Peter E.; Zezas, Andreas

    2010-01-01

    A common problem in astrophysics is determining how bright a source could be and still not be detected in an observation. Despite the simplicity with which the problem can be stated, the solution involves complicated statistical issues that require careful analysis. In contrast to the more familiar confidence bound, this concept has never been formally analyzed, leading to a great variety of often ad hoc solutions. Here we formulate and describe the problem in a self-consistent manner. Detection significance is usually defined by the acceptable proportion of false positives (background fluctuations that are claimed as detections, or Type I error), and we invoke the complementary concept of false negatives (real sources that go undetected, or Type II error), based on the statistical power of a test, to compute an upper limit to the detectable source intensity. To determine the minimum intensity that a source must have for it to be detected, we first define a detection threshold and then compute the probabilities of detecting sources of various intensities at the given threshold. The intensity that corresponds to the specified Type II error probability defines that minimum intensity and is identified as the upper limit. Thus, an upper limit is a characteristic of the detection procedure rather than the strength of any particular source. It should not be confused with confidence intervals or other estimates of source intensity. This is particularly important given the large number of catalogs that are being generated from increasingly sensitive surveys. We discuss, with examples, the differences between these upper limits and confidence bounds. Both measures are useful quantities that should be reported in order to extract the most science from catalogs, though they answer different statistical questions: an upper bound describes an inference range on the source intensity, while an upper limit calibrates the detection process. We provide a recipe for computing upper

  8. ACCELERATORS: School report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anon.

    1987-12-15

    The expanded 1987 US Particle Accelerator School, held at Fermilab from 20 July to 14 August, included two two-week sessions. In the first, 101 students covered three university-style courses, listed as upper-division University of Chicago physics, covering the fundamentals of particle beams, magnetic optics and acceleration; relativistic electronics; and high energy storage rings. The 180 participants in the second session profited from 24 short courses presented by experts and covering a wide variety of topics in the physics and technology of particle accelerators.

  9. La lectura extensiva: un medio para mejorar la habilidad lingüística de la población estudiantil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hernández Herrero, Annabelle

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: El propósito de este artículo es proporcionar una guía para la implementación de la lectura extensiva en un programa de inglés como lengua extranjera. La primera parte presenta la definición y características de la lectura extensiva según personas expertas en el campo. Luego aparece una serie de actividades para ser utilizadas en un programa de lectura extensiva. La última sección es una bibliografía anotada de textos que han sido utilizados con éxito en el curso LM-1246 Comprensión de Lectura en la Escuela de Lenguas Modernas de la Universidad de Costa Rica. Incluye el título, autor, género, nivel de dificultad, un resumen del contenido y críticas de la población estudiantil.Abstract: The purpose of this article is to provide guidelines to implement an extensive reading program in an English as a Foreign Language Program. The first section includes a definition and characteristics of extensive reading based on experts on the field. This section is followed by activities to be used in an extensive reading program. The last section is an annotated bibliography of texts which have been used successfully in the course LM-1246 Reading Comprehension at the School of Modern Languages at the University of Costa Rica. It includes the title of the book, the author, genre, level of difficulty, a summary of the book and students’ critiques.

  10. Single-Sex Schools, Student Achievement, and Course Selection: Evidence from Rule-Based Student Assignments in Trinidad and Tobago. NBER Working Paper No. 16817

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jackson, C. Kirabo

    2011-01-01

    Existing studies on single-sex schooling suffer from biases due to student selection to schools and single-sex schools being better in unmeasured ways. In Trinidad and Tobago students are assigned to secondary schools based on an algorithm allowing one to address self-selection bias and cleanly estimate an upper-bound single-sex school effect. The…

  11. Patterns, Consequences, and Possible Causes of Dropout in Upper Secondary Education in Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raja Bentaouet Kattan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The present study provides a detailed analysis of upper secondary education dropout patterns in Mexico, exploring its consequences and possible causes. To perform the analysis we combine different databases and statistical methods ranging from the use of surveys with information on specific individuals to data aggregated at the municipal and state level. The main value added is the simultaneous analysis of the influence of individual-family, community, and macroaggregate factors, on school dropout in the country.

  12. Interventional studies of the upper gastrointestinal tract

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Shapiro, B.; Gross, M.D.

    1985-01-01

    Nuclear Medicine studies of the upper gastrointestinal (GI) tract provide a means whereby physiologic and pathophysiologic features can be observed from a unique and noninvasive perspective. While nuclear medicine studies by their very nature lack the high spatial resolution of the radiographic approach, the data derived are readily quantitated and presented in numerical fashion to provide functional and dynamic information in which the influences of interventions may be observed. This chapter outlines the scope of such interventions in studies of the upper GI tract with emphasis on examinations for gastroesophageal reflux and gastric emptying. The interactions of nutrients, physical maneuvers of pharmacologic agents on nuclear medicine studies of the upper GI tract may be intentional to render a test more sensitive or to evaluate the effect of therapy, or may represent an unintentional side effect that must be taken into account if misinterpretation is to be avoided

  13. Upper limb treatment technigues for stroke survivors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martyna Kornet

    2017-03-01

    It was considered that the most important elements of the treatment used in the rehabilitation of the paretic upper limb are: exercise matching the anti-spasm pattern, maintaining appropriate position for exercise that provide an approximation of the shoulder joint and the use of cross-facilitation. The study indicates that the treatment of a post stroke upper limb should be based on the: physiotherapy, kinesiotherapy and specific positioning - all of them corresponding to a given stage of the disease. The work also presents the most frequently used methods, especially highlighting: the Prorioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation (PNF, Bobath, Brunnstrom, CIMT and OIT. It was also shown that in order to enhance the effects of a post-stroke upper limb rehabilitation, it should be extended by modern methods such as Mirror Therapy, Virtual Reality or Robot-assisted Therapy.

  14. Upper entropy axioms and lower entropy axioms

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Guo, Jin-Li; Suo, Qi

    2015-01-01

    The paper suggests the concepts of an upper entropy and a lower entropy. We propose a new axiomatic definition, namely, upper entropy axioms, inspired by axioms of metric spaces, and also formulate lower entropy axioms. We also develop weak upper entropy axioms and weak lower entropy axioms. Their conditions are weaker than those of Shannon–Khinchin axioms and Tsallis axioms, while these conditions are stronger than those of the axiomatics based on the first three Shannon–Khinchin axioms. The subadditivity and strong subadditivity of entropy are obtained in the new axiomatics. Tsallis statistics is a special case of satisfying our axioms. Moreover, different forms of information measures, such as Shannon entropy, Daroczy entropy, Tsallis entropy and other entropies, can be unified under the same axiomatics

  15. Upper mantle flow in the western Mediterranean

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Panza, G F [Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Universita degli Studi di Trieste, Trieste (Italy) and Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics, Trieste (Italy); Raykova, R [Geophysical Institute of BAS, Sofia (Bulgaria) and Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Sezione Bologna, Bologna (Italy); Carminati, E; Doglioni, C [Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Universita degli Studi di Trieste, Trieste (Italy)

    2006-07-15

    Two cross-sections of the western Mediterranean Neogene-to-present backarc basin are presented, in which geological and geophysical data of the Transmed project are tied to a new shear-wave tomography. Major results are i) the presence of a well stratified upper mantle beneath the older African continent, with a marked low-velocity layer between 130-200 km of depth; ii) the dilution of this layer within the younger western Mediterranean backarc basin to the north, and iii) the easterly raising of a shallower low-velocity layer from about 140 km to about 30 km in the Tyrrhenian active part of the backarc basin. These findings suggest upper mantle circulation in the western Mediterranean backarc basin, mostly easterly-directed and affecting the boundary between upper asthenosphere (LVZ) and lower asthenosphere, which undulates between about 180 km and 280 km. (author)

  16. Upper mantle flow in the western Mediterranean

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Panza, G.F.; Raykova, R.; Carminati, E.; Doglioni, C.

    2006-07-01

    Two cross-sections of the western Mediterranean Neogene-to-present backarc basin are presented, in which geological and geophysical data of the Transmed project are tied to a new shear-wave tomography. Major results are i) the presence of a well stratified upper mantle beneath the older African continent, with a marked low-velocity layer between 130-200 km of depth; ii) the dilution of this layer within the younger western Mediterranean backarc basin to the north, and iii) the easterly raising of a shallower low-velocity layer from about 140 km to about 30 km in the Tyrrhenian active part of the backarc basin. These findings suggest upper mantle circulation in the western Mediterranean backarc basin, mostly easterly-directed and affecting the boundary between upper asthenosphere (LVZ) and lower asthenosphere, which undulates between about 180 km and 280 km. (author)

  17. A Boundary Property for Upper Domination

    KAUST Repository

    AbouEisha, Hassan M.

    2016-08-08

    An upper dominating set in a graph is a minimal (with respect to set inclusion) dominating set of maximum cardinality.The problem of finding an upper dominating set is generally NP-hard, but can be solved in polynomial time in some restricted graph classes, such as P4-free graphs or 2K2-free graphs.For classes defined by finitely many forbidden induced subgraphs, the boundary separating difficult instances of the problem from polynomially solvable ones consists of the so called boundary classes.However, none of such classes has been identified so far for the upper dominating set problem.In the present paper, we discover the first boundary class for this problem.

  18. Transfusion strategy for acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Handel, James; Lang, Eddy

    2015-09-01

    Clinical question Does a hemoglobin transfusion threshold of 70 g/L yield better patient outcomes than a threshold of 90 g/L in patients with acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding? Article chosen Villanueva C, Colomo A, Bosch A, et al. Transfusion strategies for acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding. N Engl J Med 2013;368(1):11-21. Study objectives The authors of this study measured mortality, from any cause, within the first 45 days, in patients with acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding, who were managed with a hemoglobin threshold for red cell transfusion of either 70 g/L or 90 g/L. The secondary outcome measures included rate of further bleeding and rate of adverse events.

  19. Hypnosis and upper digestive function and disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiarioni, Giuseppe; Palsson, Olafur S; Whitehead, William E

    2008-01-01

    Hypnosis is a therapeutic technique that primarily involves attentive receptive concentration. Even though a small number of health professionals are trained in hypnosis and lingering myths and misconceptions associated with this method have hampered its widespread use to treat medical conditions, hypnotherapy has gained relevance as an effective treatment for irritable bowel syndrome not responsive to standard care. More recently, a few studies have addressed the potential influence of hypnosis on upper digestive function and disease. This paper reviews the efficacy of hypnosis in the modulation of upper digestive motor and secretory function. The present evidence of the effectiveness of hypnotherapy as a treatment for functional and organic diseases of the upper bowel is also summarized, coupled with a discussion of potential mechanisms of its therapeutic action. PMID:19009639

  20. Nursery School

    CERN Multimedia

    Nursery School

    2016-01-01

    Enrolments 2016-2017 Enrolments for the school year 2016-2017 to the Nursery, the Nursery school and the school will take place on 7, 8 and 9 March 2016 from 8 to 10 am at the Nursery School. Registration forms will be available from Thursday 3rd March. More information on the website: http://nurseryschool.web.cern.ch/.

  1. Using an Online Remote Laboratory for Electrical Experiments in Upper Secondary Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lars Håkansson

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The use of remote laboratories in courses at university level has been reported in literature numerous times since the mid 90’s. In this article focus is on activities carried out by teachers and students, at the Upper Secondary School Level, using the remote laboratory VISIR (Virtual Instrument Systems in Reality. The Upper Secondary School, Katedralskolan in Lund, Sweden, cooperate with Blekinge Institute of Technology, Sweden, in a project that concerns the introduction of remote laboratory environment suitable for Upper Secondary School science courses. A remote laboratory in electronics has been introduced and is used as a complement to the traditional workbench in the hands-on laboratory. Significant results from the project are; 1 the great interest shown by the students for the remote experiments, 2 the students appreciation for the fact that it was not simulations but actual real experiments, 3 the remote laboratory is easy to implement for use by both teachers and students and 4 it can be used simultaneously by many students.

  2. Biotransformation and metabolic profile of Xian-Ling-Gu-Bao capsule, a traditional Chinese medicine prescription, with rat intestinal microflora by ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Meng-Xue; Tang, Xi-Yang; Zhang, Feng-Xiang; Yao, Zhi-Hong; Yao, Xin-Sheng; Dai, Yi

    2018-04-01

    Xian-Ling-Gu-Bao capsule (XLGB), a well-known traditional Chinese medicine prescription, has been used for the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis. The safety and efficacy of XLGB have been confirmed based on the principle of evidence-based medicine. XLGB is usually administered orally, after which its multiple components are brought into contact with intestinal microflora in the alimentary tract and biotransformed. However, investigations on the comprehensive metabolic profile of XLGB are absent. In this study, 12 representative compounds bearing different typical structures (including iridoid glycosides, prenylated flavonol glycosides, prenylated flavonoids, triterpenoid saponins, steroidal saponins, coumarins and monoterpene phenols) were selected and then investigated for their biotransformation in rat intestinal microflora. In addition, the metabolic profile of XLGB in rat intestinal microflora was investigated by ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry. As a result, a total of 87 biotransformation components were identified from incubated solutions of 12 representative compounds and XLGB, which underwent 16 metabolic reactions (including deglycosylation, glycosylation, dehydrogenation, hydrogenation, oxidation, epoxidation, hydroxylation, dehydration, hydration, hydrolysis, methylation, isomerization, cyclization, pyrolysis reaction, amino acid conjugation and nucleophilic addition reaction with NH 3 ). This demonstrated that the deglycosylation reaction by cleavage of the sugar moieties is the main metabolic pathway of a variety of glycosides, including prenylated flavonol glycosides, coumarin glycosides, iridoid glycosides and saponins. In addition, compared with the biotransformation of 12 representative compounds, a different biotransformed fate was observed in the XLGB incubated samples of rat intestinal microflora. It is worth noting that the amino acid conjugation was first discovered

  3. El orden de Babel: algunas notas sobre la conciencia lingüística de la clerecía letrada castellana en la primera mitad del siglo xiii

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amaia Arizaleta

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Se comentan aquí una serie” de discursos redactados entre 1200 y 1250, todos ellos relacionados con el relato de la torre de Babel. Dichos textos dan fe de la existencia de un pensamiento común relativo a las lenguas y los pueblos en clérigos contemporáneos y de semejante alta cultura libresca, castellanos de origen o bien afectos a la causa de Castilla: Diego García, Rodrigo Jiménez de Rada y el anónimo de cuyo cálamo surgió el (Libro de Alexandre. Estos letrados, que participaron en permanencia de la lengua romance y la lengua latina, dieron prueba de su interés por la diversidad lingüística, e incluso propusieron algunas ideas innovadoras sobre la cuestión. Testigos y artífices de una cultura que ya no podía ser monolingüe, supieron escribir acerca del mito de la separación de las naciones.Il est ici question de quelques discours en rapport avec le récit de la tour de Babel qui furent composés entre 1200 et 1250. Leurs auteurs, Diego García, Rodrigo Jiménez de Rada et le poète anonyme auteur du (Libro de Alexandre, qui entretenaient des liens avec la cour et la chancellerie, semblent avoir partagé une pensée commune relative aux langues et aux peuples. Ces lettrés, d’origine castillane ou qui avaient épousé la cause castillane, s’intéressèrent à la diversité linguistique, et allèrent jusqu’à défendre certaines idées novatrices sur le fonctionnement d’une culture qui ne pouvait plus être monolingue.

  4. El enfoque pragmático en el diseño y proyección de pruebas de evaluación lingüística en edad infantil.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milagros Fernández Pérez

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 21 false false false ES X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Tabla normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin-top:0cm; mso-para-margin-right:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:10.0pt; mso-para-margin-left:0cm; line-height:115%; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} El trabajo subraya la necesidad de aproximarse al lenguaje infantil desde presupuestos pragmáticos que permitan valorar la comunicación. Sobre todo porque (a los usos  lingüísticos se dan siempre en coordenadas de praxis; (b los patrones de lengua en niños no equivalen a los moldes codificados de los adultos; y (c los posibles trastornos y limitaciones sólo serán ponderables por su grado de eficacia comunicativa y de interacción.

  5. Ling Shu-hua’s Novels:Different Structure but Same Spirit Compared with the Soul of Era%凌叔华小说:与时代精魂异构而同质

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴政家; 凌端明

    2014-01-01

    中国的女性自古就受到男性话语的塑造,她们自身也认同并自觉担起了这种强加在她们身上的霸权话语。直到五四时期,在西方女权思潮的吹拂下,女性才意识到了自身的主体性和独特性。凌叔华小说以其细腻、平和、不动声色的女性叙事视角,异于同时代女作家的叙事策略,为我们展现了那一时代女性如何被塑造为“女人”的事实和她们部分人的觉醒、困顿和挣扎,呈现出与五四时代精魂异构而同质的个性。%The Chinese woman are modeled by power of men continues a long time, and they agree with these attitudes and bear the hegemonic discourse voluntarily. Female realized the subjectivity and unique in themselves under the blowing of western feminism until the period of May-4th. Ling SHu-hua’s novels with its perspective of female narrative different from others writers in the period of May-4th.Her novels displayed the fact of modeled women whose awaken and struggled .Its writing personality seems present different structure but contains the same nature just as the spirit of May-4th.

  6. Membraneous stenosis of the upper oesophagus ('webs')

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Koch, H.L.; Kurtz, B.

    1981-01-01

    Webs of the upper oesophagus are sail-like mucosal folds of unknown aetiology. Small, transverse webs on the anterior wall of the oesophagus are not uncommon incidental findings which are easily overlooked on routine examination. Extensive, circular membranes in the upper oesophagus, on the other hand, are rare; these may lead to severe difficulty with swallowing and may be associated with regurgitation. One example of a transverse, and three cases of circular webs are described, which caused stenosis and dysphagia and which, in some cases, were multiple. The aetiology is discussed. (orig.) [de

  7. Educational Quality Differences in a Middle-Income Country: The Urban-Rural Gap in Malaysian Primary Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Othman, Mariam; Muijs, Daniel

    2013-01-01

    Shortcomings of educational quality in rural schools remain a key focus in the literature related to developing countries. This paper studies whether rural primary schools in Malaysia, an upper middle-income developing country, are still experiencing lower levels of educational resources, school climate, school leadership, and parental involvement…

  8. Clinical pattern and prevalence of upper gastrointestinal toxicity in patients abusing ketamine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Shirley Yuk Wah; Ng, Stephen Ka Kei; Tam, Yuk Him; Yee, Samuel Chi Hang; Lai, Franco Pui Tak; Hong, Cindy Yuek Lam; Chiu, Philip Wai Yan; Ng, Enders Kwok Wai; Ng, Chi Fai

    2017-09-01

    Evaluations of upper gastrointestinal toxicity from ketamine abuse are uncommon. This study investigated the clinical pattern of upper gastrointestinal symptoms in patients inhaling ketamine. In a cross-sectional study of 611 consecutive patients who were seeking treatment for ketamine uropathy in a tertiary hospital setting between August 2008 and June 2016, their clinical pattern of upper gastrointestinal symptoms was evaluated and compared with a control population of 804 non-users. A total of 168 (27.5%) patients abusing ketamine (mean age 26.3 years, 58.9% female) reported the presence of upper gastrointestinal symptoms. These symptoms were significantly more prevalent in patients inhaling ketamine than in those who were not (27.5% vs 5.2%, P ketamine abuse before symptom presentation was 5.0 ± 3.1 years. The presenting symptoms included epigastric pain (n = 155, 25.4%), recurrent vomiting (n = 48, 7.9%), anemia (n = 36, 5.9%) and gastrointestinal bleeding (n = 20, 3.3%). Uropathy symptoms were preceded by upper gastrointestinal symptoms for 4.4 ± 3.0 years in 141 (83.9%) patients. Logistic regression showed that elder age (odds ratio [OR] 1.06, P = 0.04), active abuser status (OR 1.60, P = 0.04) and longer duration of ketamine abuse (OR 1.00, P = 0.04) were independent factors associated with upper gastrointestinal toxicity. Although epigastric symptoms are unusual in the young population, upper gastrointestinal toxicity was highly prevalent in those inhaling ketamine. Enquiries about ketamine abuse are recommended when assessing young patients with epigastric symptoms. © 2017 Chinese Medical Association Shanghai Branch, Chinese Society of Gastroenterology, Renji Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine and John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd.

  9. Upper arm circumference measurement for detecting overweight and obesity in children aged 6-7 years

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dewi Rosariah Ayu

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Background Obesity is a worldwide problem and is associated with increased risk of metabolic syndrome. Nutritional status in children has traditionally been determined by body mass index (BMI scores, but with limitations. Upper arm circumference measurement may be a better predictor of energy, protein, and fat storage, as well as a simpler method for screening overweight and obesity in children. Objective To determine the diagnostic value of upper arm circumference compared to BMI for detecting overweight and obesity in children aged 6-7 years. Methods This diagnostic study with a cross-sectional design was performed from September to October 2015 at 16 primary schools in Palembang, Indonesia. We measured the heights, weights, and upper arm circumferences, and calculated BMIs of 2,258 children. Receiver-operator characteristic (ROC curve analysis was used to find an optimal upper arm circumference cut-off point to detect overweight and obesity. Diagnostic value was calculated by using a 2x2 table analysis. Results The prevalences of overweight and obesity were 5.8% and 11.7%, respectively. The optimal upper arm circumference cut-off points for detecting overweight in children aged 6-7 years was 185 mm (sensitivity 88.1% and specificity 78.3%, and for obesity was 195 mm (sensitivity 90.15% and specificity 86.65%. Upper arm circumference had a strong correlation with BMI. Conclusion Upper arm circumference measurement is an accurate method fordistinguishing between normoweight, overweight, and obesity in children aged 6-7 years.

  10. Emergency readmission following acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Strömdahl, Martin; Helgeson, Johan; Kalaitzakis, Evangelos

    2017-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To assess the occurrence, clinical predictors, and associated mortality of all-cause emergency readmissions after acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding (AUGIB). PATIENTS AND METHODS: All patients with AUGIB from an area of 600 000 inhabitants in Sweden admitted in a single institution...

  11. [Upper lateral incisor with 2 canals].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fabra Campos, H

    1991-01-01

    Clinical case summary of the patient with an upper lateral incisor with two root canals. The suspicion that there might be an anatomic anomaly in the root that includes a complex root canal system was made when an advanced radicular groove was detected in the lingual surface or an excessively enlarged cingulum.

  12. Upper Limit for Regional Sea Level Projections

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jevrejeva, Svetlana; Jackson, Luke; Riva, Riccardo; Grinsted, Aslak; Moore, John

    2016-04-01

    With more than 150 million people living within 1 m of high tide future sea level rise is one of the most damaging aspects of warming climate. The latest Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change report (AR5 IPCC) noted that a 0.5 m rise in mean sea level will result in a dramatic increase the frequency of high water extremes - by an order of magnitude, or more in some regions. Thus the flood threat to the rapidly growing urban populations and associated infrastructure in coastal areas are major concerns for society. Hence, impact assessment, risk management, adaptation strategy and long-term decision making in coastal areas depend on projections of mean sea level and crucially its low probability, high impact, upper range. With probabilistic approach we produce regional sea level projections taking into account large uncertainties associated with Greenland and Antarctica ice sheets contribution. We calculate the upper limit (as 95%) for regional sea level projections by 2100 with RCP8.5 scenario, suggesting that for the most coastlines upper limit will exceed the global upper limit of 1.8 m.

  13. Diagnosis and treatment of upper limb apraxia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dovern, A; Fink, G R; Weiss, P H

    2012-07-01

    Upper limb apraxia, a disorder of higher motor cognition, is a common consequence of left-hemispheric stroke. Contrary to common assumption, apraxic deficits not only manifest themselves during clinical testing but also have delirious effects on the patients' everyday life and rehabilitation. Thus, a reliable diagnosis and efficient treatment of upper limb apraxia is important to improve the patients' prognosis after stroke. Nevertheless, to date, upper limb apraxia is still an underdiagnosed and ill-treated entity. Based on a systematic literature search, this review summarizes the current tools of diagnosis and treatment strategies for upper limb apraxia. It furthermore provides clinicians with graded recommendations. In particular, a short screening test for apraxia, and a more comprehensive diagnostic apraxia test for clinical use are recommended. Although currently only a few randomized controlled studies investigate the efficacy of different apraxia treatments, the gesture training suggested by Smania and colleagues can be recommended for the therapy of apraxia, the effects of which were shown to extend to activities of daily living and to persist for at least 2 months after completion of the training. This review aims at directing the reader's attention to the ecological relevance of apraxia. Moreover, it provides clinicians with appropriate tools for the reliable diagnosis and effective treatment of apraxia. Nevertheless, this review also highlights the need for further research into how to improve diagnosis of apraxia based on neuropsychological models and to develop new therapeutic strategies.

  14. Upper Atmosphere Research Report Number 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    1946-12-30

    as a whol,. The history of the program was given in some detail in the first report*. The part of the Naval Research Laboratory in upper atmosphere...5B and 6. The third gage was installed as a service to the spectroscopy program. The gago elements were simply 6 watt, 110 volt Mazda pilot *1 lamps

  15. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopic findings and prevalence of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Upper gastrointestinal endoscopic findings and prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection among adult patients with dyspepsia in northern Tanzania. ... Endoscopy (EGD) for initial work up. Study on antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of H. pylori is recommended to guide choices for evidence based treatment option.

  16. Helicobacter pylori and upper digestive diseases - diagnosis ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Results: The prevalence of Helicobacter pylori in patients with various upper gastrointestinal problems was 84.7%. The use of medication that can reduce the H. pylori density was common among the infected patients, as history of antibiotics use, acid suppressant use and medications for eradication treatment were ...

  17. Local anaesthesia in the upper jaw

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Baart, J.A.; Baart, J.A.; Brand, H.S.

    2017-01-01

    The sensory innervation of the upper jaw arises from the second trunk of the trigeminal nerve, the maxillary nerve. This main branch of the trigeminal nerve leaves the neurocranium via the foramen rotundum, reaches the pterygopalatine fossa and runs straight through the infraorbital nerve, branching

  18. X-Ray Exam: Femur (Upper Leg)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Staying Safe Videos for Educators Search English Español X-Ray Exam: Femur (Upper Leg) KidsHealth / For Parents / X- ... Muscles, and Joints Broken Bones Getting an X-ray (Video) X-Ray (Video) View more Partner Message About Us ...

  19. The Upper Permian in the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Visser, W.A.

    1955-01-01

    The Upper Permian in the Netherlands, as known from borehole data, is deposited in a mainly evaporitic facies north of the Brabant and Rhenish Massifs. In the extreme south (Belgian Campine, de Peel) a near-shore facies of reef dolomites and elastics occurs. In the western and central Netherlands

  20. Upper blepharoplasty : Defying dogmas and clarifying uncertainties

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pool, Shariselle Mirna Wietske

    2016-01-01

    Upper blepharoplasty is one of the most commonly performed procedures by (oculo)plastic surgeons and it is generally recognized as a relatively easy technical procedure. However, seemingly minor aspects before, during and after surgery can be identified that significantly contribute to surgical