WorldWideScience

Sample records for limousines

  1. Taxi and limousine industry in Canada

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Monteiro, J.; Civettini, S.

    2007-01-01

    Taxi and limousine service plays an important role in the movement of people within a city. In 2004, the total revenue in this industry in Canada was $1.305 billion, and an estimated 35,339 carriers served the industry. In Canada, economic and safety regulations of taxi supply were imposed in most cities during the 1930s and 1940s and continue to this date. Although the industry is regulated, the competition law also applies. The appropriateness of these regulations continues to be challenged and regulatory reforms in the major cities in Canada have concentrated their efforts on increasing the rate of services, improving the quality of vehicles and enhancing the training of taxi drivers. Indicators for the 1999-2004 period reveal that the taxi and limousine industry in Canada did not perform very well. Revenue increased by only 1.7 per cent per year and margins deteriorated by -1.78 per cent together with the operating ratio. The purpose of this paper was to examine the taxi and limousine industry in Canada. First, the structure of the industry in Canada was examined followed by a review of the economic regulation of the industry. Recent regulatory developments in Canada and in other countries were then reviewed with arguments for or against deregulation. 28 refs., 2 tabs

  2. Renal dysplasia in a Limousin calf Displasia renal em um bezerro Limousin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.B. Castro

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available Descreve-se um caso de displasia renal em um bezerro Limousin, macho, de quatro meses. O animal apresentava perda de peso, baixa taxa de crescimento, anorexia, apatia, diarréia escura fétida e uremia, sem melhora apesar de tratamento. O bezerro foi sacrificado para interromper o sofrimento adicional e submetido à necropsia. Ao exame foi observado que os rins estavam pequenos, firmes, pálidos e com superfície rugosa. A cápsula estava aderida à uma superfície subcapsular irregular. O córtex tinha aparência difusamente pálida e fibrosa e apresentava múltiplos focos brancos de fibrose. A junção córtico-medular estava indistinta. O exame histologico dos rins revelou múltiplos glomérulos imaturos com núcleo periférico, capilares inaparentes e padrão arbóreo. O córtex renal apresentou túbulos primitivos com epitélio cubóide ou cilíndrico envolvido por mesênquima corado somente pelo alcian blue e não pelo tricrômico de Masson. Foi também observada leve fibrose intersticial na medula renal. Os rins mostravam estruturas em estágio inapropriado de desenvolvimento ou anômalas.

  3. Genetic variability of muscle biological characteristics of young limousin bulls

    OpenAIRE

    Renand, Gilles; Jurie, Catherine; Robelin, Jacques; Picard, Brigitte; Geay, Y.; Menissier, Francois

    1995-01-01

    Genetic parameters of 4 muscle biological characteristics (protein to DNA ratio (Pro/DNA), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activity, isocitrate dehydrogenase (ICDH) activity and the proportion of type I myosin heavy chains (MHC I)), in the Semitendinosus and the Longissimus thoracis, were estimated simultaneously with average daily gain (ADG), 480-d final weight (FW), carcass lean and fat contents (CL% and CF% respectively) in a sample of young Limousin bulls tested in station. The data came f...

  4. Sensitivity of the Numerical Prediction of Turbulent Combustion Dynamics in the LIMOUSINE Combustor

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Shahi, Mina; Kok, Jacobus B.W.; Pozarlik, Artur Krzysztof; Roman Casado, J.C.; Sponfeldner, T.

    2014-01-01

    The objective of this study is to investigate the sensitivity and accuracy of the reaction flow-field prediction for the LIMOUSINE combustor with regard to choices in computational mesh and turbulent combustion model. The LIMOUSINE combustor is a partially premixed, bluff body-stabilized natural gas

  5. PENAMPILAN REPRODUKSI SAPI PERANAKAN ONGOLE DAN PERANAKAN LIMOUSIN DI KABUPATEN MALANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nuryadi Nuryadi

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Tujuan dari penelitian  untuk mengetahui  penampilan reproduksi sapi betina Peranakan Ongole dan Peranakan Limousin yang meliputi Service per Conception, Days Open, Calving Interval, dan Conception Rate. Materi yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah Sapi Peranakan Ongole   50 ekor dan Sapi Peranakan Limousin  50 ekor. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah studi kasus, pengumpulan data dilakukan primer dan sekunder.  Variabel yang diamati adalah Service per conception (S/C, Days open (DO, Calving interval (CI, Conception rate (CR,  Hasil penelitian menunjukkan S/C sapi Peranakan Ongole 1,28 dan sapi Peranakan Limousin 1,34. Days Open (DO sapi Peranakan Ongole 130,27±20,99  hari, sedangkan pada sapi Peranakan Limousin sebesar 149,32±24,19 hari. Conception Rate sebesar 75,34% pada sapi Peranakan Ongole dan 66% pada sapi Peranakan Limousin dan untuk CI pada sapi Peranakan Ongole sebesar 414,97±25,53  hari sedangkan pada sapi Peranakan Limousin sebesar 433,67±24,39 hari. Disimpulkan bahwa terdapat perbedaan penampilan reproduksi sapi Peranakan Ongole dan Peranakan Limousin.   Kata Kunci: Service per Conception, Days Open, Calving Interval and Conception Rate ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to know the difference of reproductive performans Filial Ongole and Filial Limousine covering Service per Conception, Days Open, Calving Interval, and Conception Rate. The materials used in this study is to Filial Ongole by the number 50 objects and Filial Limousin Cattle with the number of 50 objects. The method used in this research is the gathering of primary and secondary data. The observed variables are Service per conception (S / C, Days open (DO, Calving interval (CI, Conception rate (CR, The experiment showed that  S / C , DO, CR and CI   of Filial Ongole  were 34 1.28;130.27 ± 20.99 days, 75.34%;  414.97 ± 25.53 days and for Filial Limousin were  1,34; 149,32±24,19 days; 66 %;433,67±24,39days

  6. PENAMPILAN REPRODUKSI SAPI PERANAKAN ONGOLE DAN PERANAKAN LIMOUSIN DI KABUPATEN MALANG

    OpenAIRE

    Nuryadi Nuryadi; Sri Wahjuningsih

    2012-01-01

    ABSTRAK Tujuan dari penelitian  untuk mengetahui  penampilan reproduksi sapi betina Peranakan Ongole dan Peranakan Limousin yang meliputi Service per Conception, Days Open, Calving Interval, dan Conception Rate. Materi yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah Sapi Peranakan Ongole   50 ekor dan Sapi Peranakan Limousin  50 ekor. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah studi kasus, pengumpulan data dilakukan primer dan sekunder.  Variabel yang diamati adalah Servic...

  7. PERFORMANS REPRODUKSI SAPI PERANAKAN ONGOLE DAN PERANAKAN LIMOUSIN PADA PARITAS BERBEDA DI KECAMATAN PACIRAN KABUPATEN LAMONGAN

    OpenAIRE

    Laili Windah Fauziah; Woro Busono; Gatot Ciptadi

    2016-01-01

    Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui perbedaan performans reproduksi sapi Peranakan Ongole dan Peranakan Limousin pada paritas 2 dan 3. Penelitian ini dilakukan di Paciran, Kabupaten Lamongan. Materi yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah sapi Peranakan Ongole dan Peranakan Limousin yang masing-masing terdiri dari 2 paritas yaitu paritas 2 dan 3 dimana setiap paritas terdiri dari 30 ekor ternak. Metode yang dipergunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah survei dengan pengumpulan d...

  8. A Limousin specific myostatin allele affects longissimus muscle area and fatty acid profiles in a Wagyu-Limousin F*2* population

    Science.gov (United States)

    A microsatellite-based genome scan of a Wagyu x Limousin F2 cross population previously demonstrated QTL affecting longissimus muscle area (LMA) and fatty acid composition were present in regions near the centromere of BTA 2. In this study we used 70 SNP markers to examine the centromeric 20 megabas...

  9. The Nord-Limousin uraniferous province. Its three main deposits; La province uranifere du Nord-Limousin. Ses trois principaux gisements

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sarcia, J.A. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1958-07-01

    Les Sagnes, Margnac and Les Brugeauds are the three main known deposits in the Nord-Limousin region, a rich uraniferous area; already being mined, they have only been partially explored so far, and one can safely hope for further extensions: in fact, some of these hopes have come true already. Each of these three deposits correspond to a type frequently to be found in the region, and the three of them together represent the characteristics of the Nord-Limousin uraniferous region: that is why they were selected. (author) [French] Les trois gisements decrits ici, les Sagnes, Margnac, les Brugeauds, sont les principaux actuellement connus dans la region du Nord-Limousin, si riche en gites uraniferes; deja en exploitation, ils ne sont encore que partiellement explores, et tous les espoirs d'extension laterale sont permis: certains sont deja en voie de realisation. Chacun d'eux correspond a un type frequent dans la region, et ils illustrent a eux trois les caracteristiques de la province uranifere du Nord-Limousin: c'est la raison de leur choix. (auteur)

  10. The Nord-Limousin uraniferous province. Its three main deposits; La province uranifere du Nord-Limousin. Ses trois principaux gisements

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sarcia, J A [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1958-07-01

    Les Sagnes, Margnac and Les Brugeauds are the three main known deposits in the Nord-Limousin region, a rich uraniferous area; already being mined, they have only been partially explored so far, and one can safely hope for further extensions: in fact, some of these hopes have come true already. Each of these three deposits correspond to a type frequently to be found in the region, and the three of them together represent the characteristics of the Nord-Limousin uraniferous region: that is why they were selected. (author) [French] Les trois gisements decrits ici, les Sagnes, Margnac, les Brugeauds, sont les principaux actuellement connus dans la region du Nord-Limousin, si riche en gites uraniferes; deja en exploitation, ils ne sont encore que partiellement explores, et tous les espoirs d'extension laterale sont permis: certains sont deja en voie de realisation. Chacun d'eux correspond a un type frequent dans la region, et ils illustrent a eux trois les caracteristiques de la province uranifere du Nord-Limousin: c'est la raison de leur choix. (auteur)

  11. The geology of uranium in the Saint-Sylvestre granite district (Limousin, Massif Central, France)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Marquaire, C.; Moreau, M.; Barbier, J.; Ranchin, G.; Carrat, H.G.; Coppens, R.; Senecal, J.; Koszotolanyi, C.; Dottin, H.

    1969-01-01

    This report concerns the geology of uranium in Limousin, more particularly in the St-Sylvestre massif, and the related phenomena: regional geology, petrographic and geochemical zonal distribution observed in various granite massifs, uranium movement in connection with surface alteration, geochronology of uranium ore. The work is made up of six articles covering the various scientific aspects listed above. Each article is headed with an abstract. The paper comprises the following chapters: Foreword by Marcel ROUBAULT. 1. Ch. MARQUAIRE, M. MOREAU Outline of geological conditions in Northern Limousin and distribution of uraniferous occurrences. 2. J. BARBIER, G. RANCHIN, H. G. CARRAT and R. COPPENS Geology of the St-Sylvestre Massif and uranium geochemistry - Introduction to laboratory studies - Problems of methodology. 3. J. BARBIER and G. RANCHIN Petrographical and geochemical zones in the St-Sylvestre granite massif (Limousin - French 'Massif Central'). 4. J. BARBIER and G. RANCHIN Uranium geochemistry in the St-Sylvestre Massif (Limousin - French 'Massif Central') - Occurrences of primary geochemical uranium and replacement processes. 5. J. SENEGAL Monograph of the Brugeaud orebody. 6. R. COPPENS, Ch. KOSZTOLANYI and H. DOTTIN Geochronological study of the Brugeaud mine. 1969. (authors) [fr

  12. Fatores que influenciam a textura da carne de novilhos Nelore e cruzados Limousin-Nelore Factors affecting meat texture from Nellore and crossbreed Limousin-Nellore steers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Riana Jordão Barrozo Heinemann

    2003-08-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar fatores que influenciam a textura da carne de novilhos Nelore e cruzados Limousin-Nelore. Cinqüenta novilhos, 25 Nelore e 25 Limousin-Nelore, foram aleatoriamente divididos em cinco grupos de 10 animais (cinco de cada grupo genético, para o abate seriado, até 204 dias. Os valores de temperatura e pH muscular foram monitorados durante 24 horas após o abate. Em seguida, foram medidas a espessura de cobertura de gordura e a área de olho de lombo. O músculo longissimus dorsi retirado foi dividido para avaliação qualitativa do músculo sem maturação e submetido à maturação por 14 dias. A área de olho de lombo foi maior em animais cruzados. Os valores de cobertura de gordura e gordura intramuscular foram semelhantes entre os grupos genéticos. Peso ao abate e teor de gordura afetaram as quedas de pH e temperatura, mas não resultaram em diferenças na força de cisalhamento. Os animais cruzados apresentaram carne mais macia que os animais Nelore. A maturação causou redução de 30% na força de cisalhamento e foi, com o fator genético, o parâmetro que mais influenciou a textura da carne.The objective of this work was to evaluate factors affecting meat texture from Nellore and crossbreed Limousin-Nellore steers. Fifty steers, 25 Nellore and 25 Limousin-Nellore, were randomly divided in five groups of 10 animals (five from each genetic group and serially slaughtered during 204 days. Meat temperature and pH data were monitored during 24 hours post mortem. After this, fat thickness and rib area were measured. Longissimus dorsi muscle was removed to quality evaluation before and after 14 days ageing period. Crossbreed animals rib areas were higher. Fat thickness and marbling values from both genetic groups were similar. Live slaughter weight and fat content affected decrease of pH and temperature, but didn't result in difference in shear force. Crossbreed animals the most tender meat. Ageing process

  13. The geology of uranium in the Saint-Sylvestre granite district (Limousin, Massif Central, France); La geologie de l'uranium dans le massif granitique de Saint-Sylvestre (Limousin - Massif Central Francais)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marquaire, C.; Moreau, M.; Barbier, J.; Ranchin, G.; Carrat, H.G.; Coppens, R.; Senecal, J.; Koszotolanyi, C.; Dottin, H

    1969-07-01

    This report concerns the geology of uranium in Limousin, more particularly in the St-Sylvestre massif, and the related phenomena: regional geology, petrographic and geochemical zonal distribution observed in various granite massifs, uranium movement in connection with surface alteration, geochronology of uranium ore. The work is made up of six articles covering the various scientific aspects listed above. Each article is headed with an abstract. The paper comprises the following chapters: Foreword by Marcel ROUBAULT. 1. Ch. MARQUAIRE, M. MOREAU Outline of geological conditions in Northern Limousin and distribution of uraniferous occurrences. 2. J. BARBIER, G. RANCHIN, H. G. CARRAT and R. COPPENS Geology of the St-Sylvestre Massif and uranium geochemistry - Introduction to laboratory studies - Problems of methodology. 3. J. BARBIER and G. RANCHIN Petrographical and geochemical zones in the St-Sylvestre granite massif (Limousin - French 'Massif Central'). 4. J. BARBIER and G. RANCHIN Uranium geochemistry in the St-Sylvestre Massif (Limousin - French 'Massif Central') - Occurrences of primary geochemical uranium and replacement processes. 5. J. SENEGAL Monograph of the Brugeaud orebody. 6. R. COPPENS, Ch. KOSZTOLANYI and H. DOTTIN Geochronological study of the Brugeaud mine. 1969. (authors) [French] Ce memoire est consacre a la geologie de l'uranium dans le Limousin, plus specialement dans le massif de St-Sylvestre, et aux phenomenes qui s'y rattachent: geologie regionale, phenomenes de zonalite petrographique et geochimique dans certains massifs granitiques, mouvements de l'uranium lies a l'alteration superficielle, geochronologie du minerai d'uranium. L'ouvrage comprend six articles qui recouvrent les differents aspects scientifiques enumeres. Chacun de ces six articles est precede d'un resume. La composition du memoire st la suivante: Marcel ROUBAULT, Preface. 1. Ch. MARQUAIRE, M. MOREAU Esquisse geologique du

  14. The geology of uranium in the Saint-Sylvestre granite district (Limousin, Massif Central, France); La geologie de l'uranium dans le massif granitique de Saint-Sylvestre (Limousin - Massif Central Francais)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marquaire, C; Moreau, M; Barbier, J; Ranchin, G; Carrat, H G; Coppens, R; Senecal, J; Koszotolanyi, C; Dottin, H

    1969-07-01

    This report concerns the geology of uranium in Limousin, more particularly in the St-Sylvestre massif, and the related phenomena: regional geology, petrographic and geochemical zonal distribution observed in various granite massifs, uranium movement in connection with surface alteration, geochronology of uranium ore. The work is made up of six articles covering the various scientific aspects listed above. Each article is headed with an abstract. The paper comprises the following chapters: Foreword by Marcel ROUBAULT. 1. Ch. MARQUAIRE, M. MOREAU Outline of geological conditions in Northern Limousin and distribution of uraniferous occurrences. 2. J. BARBIER, G. RANCHIN, H. G. CARRAT and R. COPPENS Geology of the St-Sylvestre Massif and uranium geochemistry - Introduction to laboratory studies - Problems of methodology. 3. J. BARBIER and G. RANCHIN Petrographical and geochemical zones in the St-Sylvestre granite massif (Limousin - French 'Massif Central'). 4. J. BARBIER and G. RANCHIN Uranium geochemistry in the St-Sylvestre Massif (Limousin - French 'Massif Central') - Occurrences of primary geochemical uranium and replacement processes. 5. J. SENEGAL Monograph of the Brugeaud orebody. 6. R. COPPENS, Ch. KOSZTOLANYI and H. DOTTIN Geochronological study of the Brugeaud mine. 1969. (authors) [French] Ce memoire est consacre a la geologie de l'uranium dans le Limousin, plus specialement dans le massif de St-Sylvestre, et aux phenomenes qui s'y rattachent: geologie regionale, phenomenes de zonalite petrographique et geochimique dans certains massifs granitiques, mouvements de l'uranium lies a l'alteration superficielle, geochronologie du minerai d'uranium. L'ouvrage comprend six articles qui recouvrent les differents aspects scientifiques enumeres. Chacun de ces six articles est precede d'un resume. La composition du memoire st la suivante: Marcel ROUBAULT, Preface. 1. Ch. MARQUAIRE, M. MOREAU Esquisse geologique du Nord Limousin et repartition des mineralisations

  15. French Case Study: Pluralist Expertise Group on Uranium Mines in Limousin. Annex II

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2014-05-15

    The uranium mining and milling industry once played a major strategic and economic role in France. After the definitive cessation of mining and milling activities in 2001, more than 200 sites are currently in the closure and post-closure phases. Decisions required in this frame raise particular difficulties because of the sensitivity of some technical issues and the strong scrutiny and requirements of local and national non-governmental organizations. This is particularly true in Limousin, the region that stands at the heart of the national uranium history. In order to deal with this complex and disputed topic, the ministries of environment, health and industry recently decided to set up a Pluralist Expertise Group (GEP) with the aim of analysing and providing a critical point of view on the various technical documents prepared by the operator, AREVA NC, about the surveillance and control of its former mining sites in the department of Haute-Vienne in the Limousin region, and then providing recommendations to public authorities to improve the current situation. This expert group presents their reports to the local committee for nuclear information.

  16. The building of a pluralist expertise group about uranium mines in Limousin (France)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gay, D.

    2006-01-01

    Uranium mining and milling industry once played a major strategic and economic role in France. After the definitive cessation of mining and milling activity in 2001, more than 200 sites are currently under closure and post-closure phases. Decisions required in this frame raise particular difficulties because of the sensitivity of some technical issues and the strong scrutiny and requirements of local and national NGOs. This is particular true in Limousin, the region that stands for the cradle and the heart of the national uranium history. In order to deal with this complex and disputed topic, the ministries of environment, health and industry recently decided to set up a pluralist expertise group with the aim to come to analyze and give a critical point of view on the various technical documents prepared by AREVA NC about the surveillance and control of its mining sites in the department of Haute-Vienne in the Limousin region and than provide recommendations to public authorities to improve current situation. (author)

  17. The building of a pluralist expertise group about uranium mines in Limousin (France)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gay, D. . E-mal: didier.gay@irsn.fr

    2007-01-01

    Uranium mining and milling industry once played a major strategic and economic role in France. After the definitive cessation of mining and milling activity in 2001, more than 200 sites are currently under closure and post-closure phases. Decisions required in this frame raise particular difficulties because of the sensitivity of some technical issues and the strong scrutiny and requirements of local and national NGOs. This is particular true in Limousin, the region that stands for the cradle and the heart of the national uranium history. In order to deal with this complex and disputed topic, the ministries of environment, health and industry recently decided to set up a pluralist expertise group with the aim to come to analyze and give a critical point of view on the various technical documents prepared by AREVA NC about the surveillance and control of its mining sites in the department of Haute-Vienne in the Limousin region and than provide recommendations to public authorities to improve current situation. (author)

  18. From uranium mine to fishing lake: Environmental remediation in France’s Limousin region

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dixit, Aabha

    2016-01-01

    Artificial lakes, fishing spots and solar farms dot the landscape in France’s Limousin region, where uranium operations have gradually come to an end. This transformation would not have been possible without stakeholder involvement, transparent processes and well-coordinated activities, said Yves Marignac, the coordinator of the French Pluralistic Expert Group (GEP), involved with remediation activities in the region. The local population had an important consultative role during the environmental remediation programme, and they now use the former mining sites for recreation. “A consultative approach to remediation management is key to having the people’s support when we had to deal with the closing of the uranium mining sites in Limousin,” Marignac said. Uniquely, the non-governmental organizations (NGOs) were the driving force behind broadening the scope of environmental remediation, he added. An important factor for any successful remediation project is public engagement in the decision-making process. The local communities have the most interest in successful environmental remediation, and they need to get satisfactory answers to questions on why, when and how will it impact them. “Their involvement is vital and necessary to ensure technically sound and socially acceptable decisions,” Marignac said

  19. From uranium mine to fishing lake: Environmental remediation in France’s Limousin region

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dixit, Aabha

    2016-01-01

    Artificial lakes, fishing spots and solar farms dot the landscape in France’s Limousin region, where uranium operations have gradually come to an end. This transformation would not have been possible without stakeholder involvement, transparent processes and well-coordinated activities, said Yves Marignac, the coordinator of the French Pluralistic Expert Group (GEP), involved with remediation activities in the region. The local population had an important consultative role during the environmental remediation programme, and they now use the former mining sites for recreation. “A consultative approach to remediation management is key to having the people’s support when we had to deal with the closing of the uranium mining sites in Limousin,” Marignac said. Uniquely, the non-governmental organizations (NGOs) were the driving force behind broadening the scope of environmental remediation, he added. An important factor for any successful remediation project is public engagement in the decision-making process. The local communities have the most interest in successful environmental remediation, and they need to get satisfactory answers to questions on why, when and how will it impact them. “Their involvement is vital and necessary to ensure technically sound and socially acceptable decisions,” Marignac said.

  20. Comparison of cancer mortality in the Limousin and Poitou-Charentes regions (preliminary study 1968-1975)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dousset, M.; Jammet, H.

    1985-01-01

    The geology of the Limousin and Poitou-Charentes regions is very different; on an average, in the Limousin region, an inhabitant receives a supplementary dose of 65 mrem per year (terrestrial radiation) and the indoor radon concentration is 3-4 times higher than in the Poitou-Charentes region. The comparative rates of mortality for different types of malignant tumours (No. 20-27 of the INSERM DM list) were studied for the period extending from the 1968 to the 1975 census and for all ages according to the 1968 reference population. No significant difference appeared for these different types of cancers, except for cancers of the digestive system, which require a more thorough study. The more surprising result concernes malignant tumours of the respiratory system for which no difference -even small- appears; tobacco consumption per inhabitant was practically the same, on an average, in both regions [fr

  1. Behaviour of uranium series radionuclides in surface water (Crouzille, Limousin). Geochemical implications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Moulin, J.

    2008-06-01

    Understanding natural radionuclides behaviour in surface water is a required step to achieve uranium mine rehabilitation and preserve water quality. The first objective of this thesis is to determine which are the radionuclides sources in a drinking water reservoir. The second objective is to improve the knowledge about the behaviour of uranium series radionuclides, especially actinium. The investigated site is a brook (Sagnes, Limousin, France) which floods a peat bog contaminated by a former uranium mine and which empties into the Crouzille lake. It allows studying radionuclides transport in surface water and radionuclides retention through organic substance or water reservoir. Radionuclides distribution in particulate, colloidal and dissolved phases is determined thanks to ultra-filtrations. Gamma spectrometry allows measuring almost all natural radionuclides with only two counting stages. However, low activities of 235 U series radionuclides impose the use of very low background well-type Ge detectors, such as those of the Underground Laboratory of Modane (France). Firstly, this study shows that no or few radionuclides are released by the Sagnes peat bog, although its radioactivity is important. Secondly, it provides details on the behaviour of uranium series radionuclides in surface water. More specifically, it provides the first indications of actinium solubility in surface water. Actinium's behaviour is very close to uranium's even if it is a little less soluble. (author)

  2. Crude glycerine inclusion in Limousin bull diets: animal performance, carcass characteristics and meat quality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Egea, M; Linares, M B; Garrido, M D; Villodre, C; Madrid, J; Orengo, J; Martínez, S; Hernández, F

    2014-12-01

    Three hundred and six Limousin young bulls (7±1months of age, initial body weight 273±43kg) were used to evaluate the effect of crude glycerine supplementation on animal performance, carcass characteristics and meat quality. Animals were assigned to three different diets: Control (0% of crude glycerine), G2 and G4 (2 and 4% of crude glycerine, respectively). The diets were administrated ad libitum for 240days (final body weight 644±24kg). Average daily weight gain, average daily feed intake, the gain:feed ratio, ultrasound measures in vivo, carcass characteristics, pH, water holding capacity, drip losses, and cooking losses were not affected (P>0.05) by diets. Diet decreased C16:0 (P<0.01) and C16:1 (P<0.05) contents in meat. The G4 meat showed lower C12:0, C14:0, C17:0, C18:0, C18:1, C18:2, C18:3, c9,t11-c18:2, C20:0 and C20:4 levels (P<0.05) than control. Glycerine increased desirable fatty acid percentages (P<0.05) in intramuscular fat. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  3. Studies of Growth Rate of Limousine Calves Maintained on Pasture and Free Stabulation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monica Parvu

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The aim was to monitor the growth process from birth to weaning (six months old of the females and males Limousine calves maintained on pasture or free stabulation. The research was performed in a private farm situated in Covasna County. In this farm, the rearing of the calves was done without there being a technological guide. The calves had been grown along with the mother cows. The introduction of vegetal food into the calves ration is done at 3 weeks old. In the first period (one month old, all calves were housed in stabulation, having free access to the paddock. The daily gain was 666.7 g at females and 800 g at males. In the second period (from one month old until weaning, a group was maintained on pasture, and the other group in free stabulation. The daily gain was 1120 g at females and 1200 g at males on pasture; 1067 g and respectively 1140 g in stabulation. The stress of weaning was present only to the young females; for ten days, these were restlessness, having the desire for sucking and the appetite for food has decreased. Their bodyweight has decreased with 12%, the differences being significant (p≤0.05.

  4. Eating behavior of Ongole crossbred and Limousin crossbred steers fed fermented rice straw and concentrate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agung Purnomoadi

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available A study on eating behavior of Ongole Crossbred (OC and Limousin Crossbred (LC steers (aged 9 months fed fermented rice straw and concentrate has been carried out. Rice straw and concentrate were given in 60:40 ratio. Rice straw was fermented by commercial starter (BioP 2000 Z, while concentrate was composed of commercial concentrate and soybean pulp (by-product of soy-sauce industry. The diet was set to meet the dry matter (DM requirement at 3.0% of liveweight. Eating behaviour was measured from 3 days continuously observation. Chewing number was accounted by halter equipped with tape-switch in jaw side and was recorded every 1/10 second in connected PC. The results showed that DMI of both OC (3.21 kg and LC (4.18 kg was similar, being 2.8% LW. However, chewing number of OC (133808 chews/d was higher than that of LC (106353 chews/d. Chewing for eating and for rumination in OC (86995 and 46813 chews was higher than of LC (67628 and 38725 chews. Chewing efficiency for eating in OC (0.041 g DMI/chew was lower than that of LC (0.066 g DMI/chew. Similar tendency was observed in chewing efficiency for rumination that OC (0.080 g DMI/chew was lower than that of LC (0.109 g DMI/chew. The conclusion is LC has a better chewing efficiency than of OC and it was pointed to different jaw size between OC and LC.

  5. Retour sur l’enquête dialectologique de Brunot en Berry et Limousin (1913

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    Bergounioux Gabriel

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available A la suite de la création des Archives de la Parole en 1911, Ferdinand Brunot, titulaire de la chaire d’histoire de la langue française à la Sorbonne, a entrepris de compléter les collections en constituant une collection d’enregistrements qui conserverait le témoignage des parlers de France. Il a conduit pour mener à bien ce projet deux missions (la poursuite de ce travail est interrompue par la guerre, la première dans les Ardennes avec Charles Bruneau, la seconde en 1913 en deux étapes, en Berry et en Limousin. A partir des publications de F. Brunot et des documents sonores, on se propose de montrer en quoi, dans la sélection des informations et la conduite de l’enquête, le recueil des données de la seconde mission se conforme à une représentation du français et des langues de France dont on s’efforce de suivre les fluctuations durant tout le XIXe siècle. On étudie la façon dont les conceptions qui ont guidé l’observation s’avèrent tributaires des modalités de l’introduction du comparatisme en France et des discussions qui ont eu lieu autour des caractères de l’identité nationale, en particulier après la guerre de 1870. On rappelle, à cette occasion selon quelles modalités l’état est amené à établir une politique scolaire pour promouvoir la connaissance de la langue nationale et la façon dont, en tant qu’auteur de manuels, F. Brunot y a apporté sa contribution.

  6. Comparison of composition and quality traits of meat from young finishing bulls from Belgian Blue, Limousin and Aberdeen Angus breeds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cuvelier, C; Clinquart, A; Hocquette, J F; Cabaraux, J F; Dufrasne, I; Istasse, L; Hornick, J L

    2006-11-01

    Thirty-six young finishing bulls from three breeds (Belgian Blue, Limousin and Aberdeen Angus) were fattened over five months with finishing diets based either on sugar-beet pulp or on cereals. Nutritional quality traits of meat - fat content and fatty acid composition with emphasis on the n-6 and n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids - along with some organoleptic quality traits were measured. The Belgian Blue bulls had the lowest intramuscular fat content associated with lower saturated and monounsaturated fatty acid contents. The polyunsaturated fatty acid content did not differ to a large extent between the breeds, the Aberdeen Angus bulls showing slightly higher values. Relative to energy intake, the overall contribution of meat to the n-3 fatty acid recommended intake was small, whatever the breed. By contrast, the contribution of meat to daily fat intake was of greater importance, especially for the Aberdeen Angus bulls. The quality traits of meat varied also according to the breed: compared to the Aberdeen Angus, the Belgian Blue bull meat had the stablest colour, the highest drip and the lowest cooking losses. The meat of Limousin bulls had intermediate characteristics for all the parameters.

  7. The stability of the water column in french ponds (limousin region by the calculation of the wedderburn number

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    TOUCHART L.

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Oxygenation and biological life in lakes, reservoirs and ponds depend on the stability of the water column and on the rhythms of stratification and mixing periods. Slight thermal stratification in ponds often is regarded as the same as instability in shallow lakes. Nevertheless fetch in ponds is very short, what reduces the mixing. Wedderburn number (quotient of the buoyancy by the mixing is used to quantify the stability in shallow water bodies. We calculate it for some ponds in French region Limousin, due to original hourly water temperature measurements in all depths and wind data of Météofrance stations. First results show that very high values (above 10 are frequent in summer and spring period (during 41% of the total time of 2 336 hours from May to July in three ponds. That is why we may consider Limousin ponds as stable stratified bodies of water despite their shallowness. Continuous measurements allow to calculate the diurnal cycle and other time scales of the Wedderburn number, with periods of weakening, when air temperatures and surface water temperatures decrease, wind speed increases and when the wind blows in the same direction with the length of the pond. The most complex variable is the depth of the thermocline; a light increase of the breeze thickens the upper warm layer and strengthens the stability, but an important increase of the wind tends to destroy the stratification.

  8. Application of resistivity measurements to research on structural elements in the Nord-Limousin (France) uraniferous basin (1960); Application des mesures de resistivite a la recherche des elements structuraux dans le bassin uranifere du Nord-Limousin (France) (1960)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sarcia, J A; Bonnet, J; Combe, R [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France).Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1960-07-01

    The authors discuss the difficulties encountered in the exploration of a typical deposit in the Nord-Limousin, using the resistivity measurement method. In the zone in question the over-thrust was very variable and difficult to predict. The uraniferous deposits had two types of aspect, the passage from one to the other being often very sudden: long thin veins without gangue; short and thick lens-shape deposits which were strongly contaminated by clay towards their edges. After several unsatisfactory attempts, the device known as the 'rectangular map' was adopted and gave an acceptable structural representation rapidly and cheaply. For the placing of the probes however, methods are required which are more refined and sensitive. It is in any case useless to expect to obtain a satisfactory representation and a sufficient accuracy using a single technique; especially in the region under consideration. (author) [French] Les auteurs exposent les difficultes rencontrees pour l'exploration, par la methode des mesures de resistivite, d'un gisement type du Nord-Limousin: il s'agissait d'une zone a recouvrement tres variable et difficilement previsible. Les occurences uraniferes y affectaient deux facies passant brutalement de l'un a l'autre: longs filonnets minces et sans gangue; lentilles courtes et puissantes avec alteration argileuses tres etendue aux epontes. Apres plusieurs essais peu satisfaisants, le dispositif dit 'carte des rectangles' a ete adopte pour obtenir rapidement et a bon compte un schema structural suffisant. Mais des methodes plus fines et plus sensibles sont necessaires pour guider l'implantation des sondages. Il est d'ailleurs vain d'esperer trouver a la fois la representativite d'ensemble et la precision, dans l'utilisation d'une seule technique, surtout dans la region envisagee. (auteur)

  9. Application of resistivity measurements to research on structural elements in the Nord-Limousin (France) uraniferous basin (1960)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sarcia, J.A.; Bonnet, J.; Combe, R.

    1960-01-01

    The authors discuss the difficulties encountered in the exploration of a typical deposit in the Nord-Limousin, using the resistivity measurement method. In the zone in question the over-thrust was very variable and difficult to predict. The uraniferous deposits had two types of aspect, the passage from one to the other being often very sudden: long thin veins without gangue; short and thick lens-shape deposits which were strongly contaminated by clay towards their edges. After several unsatisfactory attempts, the device known as the 'rectangular map' was adopted and gave an acceptable structural representation rapidly and cheaply. For the placing of the probes however, methods are required which are more refined and sensitive. It is in any case useless to expect to obtain a satisfactory representation and a sufficient accuracy using a single technique; especially in the region under consideration. (author) [fr

  10. The legacy of uranium mines: pluralist expertise group experiment on the uranium mines in the Limousin (France)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ringeard, Caroline; Sugier, Annie; Catelinois, Olivier; Sene, Monique; Devin, Patrick; Sugier, Annie

    2008-01-01

    Full text: In France, as mining and milling operations drew to a close, from the 80s until 2001 (and particularly from around 1990 onwards), AREVA-NC has carried out with the administration very important work on remediation and rehabilitation of more than 200 sites to assure the protection of the population and the environment, with continuous monitoring of the environment, which is ongoing. The closure and the remediation over this period has caused some concern in the public and NGO's. The issue is of particular concern in Limousin. Among actions taken by the French Government and Regional authorities, the Pluralist Expertise Group (GEP) concerning the legacy of uranium mines in Limousin was created after a joint mission letter from Ministries of environment, industry and health (2005). The group brings together experts from various technical fields (earth sciences, metrology, radioecology, radiation protection, public health surveillance ...) including French institutes, the industrial operator, local and national NGOs, independent experts and foreign experts. Three multi-partite working groups (WG) have been set up to discuss the current status and management options for the sites: WG 1: Inventory of substances and transfers in the environment; WG 2: Impact on the environment and the local population and public health surveillance; WG 3: Regulations and long-term control and management. The purpose of this paper is to describe the work of WG2 on impacts and surveillance.The WG 2 draws up a status report of the current situation, both at national and international level, for its three topics (impact on the environment, impact on the population and health surveillance). The work of this multi-partite group will be described, as per the two following paragraphs which summarize the state of progress of WG 2's work. Impact on the environment: The characterisation of the radioecological and chemical risk is based on methods developed within the framework of European

  11. Quantitative trait loci for live animal and carcass composition traits in Jersey and Limousin back-cross cattle finished on pasture or feedlot.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morris, C A; Pitchford, W S; Cullen, N G; Esmailizadeh, A K; Hickey, S M; Hyndman, D; Dodds, K G; Afolayan, R A; Crawford, A M; Bottema, C D K

    2009-10-01

    A quantitative trait locus (QTL) study was carried out in two countries, recording live animal and carcass composition traits. Back-cross calves (385 heifers and 398 steers) were generated, with Jersey and Limousin breed backgrounds. The New Zealand cattle were reared on pasture to carcass weights averaging 229 kg, whilst the Australian cattle were reared on grass and finished on grain (for at least 180 days) to carcass weights averaging 335 kg. From 11 live animal traits and 31 carcass composition traits respectively, 5 and 22 QTL were detected in combined-sire analyses, which were significant (P < 0.05) on a genome-wise basis. Fourteen significant traits for carcass composition QTL were on chromosome 2 and these were traits associated with muscling and fatness. This chromosome carried a variant myostatin allele (F94L), segregating from the Limousin ancestry. Despite very different cattle management systems between the two countries, the two populations had a large number of QTL in common. Of the 18 traits which were common to both countries, and which had significant QTL at the genome-wise level, eight were significant in both countries.

  12. Quantitative trait loci for organ weights and adipose fat composition in Jersey and Limousin back-cross cattle finished on pasture or feedlot.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morris, C A; Bottema, C D K; Cullen, N G; Hickey, S M; Esmailizadeh, A K; Siebert, B D; Pitchford, W S

    2010-12-01

    A QTL study of live animal and carcass traits in beef cattle was carried out in New Zealand and Australia. Back-cross calves (385 heifers and 398 steers) were generated, with Jersey and Limousin backgrounds. This paper reports on weights of eight organs (heart, liver, lungs, kidneys, spleen, gastro-intestinal tract, fat, and rumen contents) and 12 fat composition traits (fatty acid (FA) percentages, saturated and monounsaturated FA subtotals, and fat melting point). The New Zealand cattle were reared and finished on pasture, whilst Australian cattle were reared on grass and finished on grain for at least 180 days. For organ weights and fat composition traits, 10 and 12 significant QTL locations (PGenetics © 2010 Stichting International Foundation for Animal Genetics.

  13. Origin of acid orthoderived and paraderived geologic formations of the central part of the province of Limousin (France). A possible source for uraniferous leucogranite

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bourguignon, A.

    1988-01-01

    Important metamorphic formations of the central part of the province of Limousin are studied by chemical investigations for characterization of their primary signature. Four large orthoderived formations are compared: Dronne, Meuzac, and Thaurion arcs and leptynite formations. The typology of the parent magmatism of orthogneiss and leptynite allows to find leack most of plutonic associations known in the Variscan chain (subalkaline, calcoalkaline, aluminous). Interpretation of primary geochemical fractionation in rocks from the Dronne are suggests cogenetism of the whole facies following a fractionated crystallization process. Moreover rocks from the Dronne arc have a peraluminous character with high U and Th content related to subalkaline magmatism which make of them a potential source of uraniferous peraluminous leucogranites. Paraderived formations are represented by 3 mica schist formations and 2 gneiss formations. Each unit is individualized by geochemical study of mica schist. Gneiss formation are chemically distinct. These differences confirm that they belong to distinct lithologic units. Trace elements are used to precise the paleogeotectonic context of original sediment deposition [fr

  14. A Limousin-French dictionary as a source on the history of cooking : Potatoes in the Tulle area (Corrèze, France) in the early 19th century

    OpenAIRE

    Chastanet, Monique

    2010-01-01

    Des erreurs ayant été commises dans le travail éditorial, le texte de référence est celui qui figure sur ce site.; International audience; The words of a language, when documented for a specific period, may serve as a valuable historical source. For the history of cooking, a good example can be seen in a Limousin-French dictionary published at Tulle (Corrèze, France) in 1823. It shows, through certain terms and expressions, the earliest uses of the potato in the cooking of this region. It is ...

  15. Nutritional assessment and follow-up of residents with and without dementia in nursing homes in the Limousin region of France: a health network initiative.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jesus, P; Desport, J C; Massoulard, A; Villemonteix, C; Baptiste, A; Gindre-Poulvelarie, L; Lorgueuilleux, S; Javerliat, V; Fraysse, J L; Preux, P M

    2012-05-01

    Limousin in France has the second oldest regional population in Europe, with people over 65-years-old who have Alzheimer's disease accounting for more than 9%. In France as a whole, a large number of residents in nursing homes (NH) have dementia, leading to many nutritional problems. LINUT is a health network that assesses the nutritional status of elderly NH residents and provides support where necessary. Aims of the present study were to use this network to evaluate the nutritional status of NH residents with and without dementia and to review changes after 4 months of intervention. A cross-sectional survey was conducted by a doctor and a dietician at baseline (T0) and 4 months (T4) among residents at the 26 NH in Limousin that agreed to take part. The evaluation criteria included presence of dementia, depression and autonomy, weight, height, body mass index, Mini Nutritional Assessement (MNA™), and a 3-day survey of food intake. The 346 residents assessed at T0 were aged 87.9±6.9 years, 83.4% were women, 66.8% had dementia, 53.3% were malnourished and 27.4% obese. Autonomy was not affected by obesity. Residents with dementia had a lower Activities of Daily Living score and a lower weight than non-demented individuals (2.2±1.2 vs. 2.7±1.7 p=0.03 and 60.1±16.3 vs. 64.7±20.0 kg p=0.03, respectively), were more often malnourished (56.1% vs. 46.4% p=0.004) and less often obese (22.0% vs. 39.1% p=0.004) but consumed more protein (62.6±17.8 vs. 58.2±16.9 g/d p=0.04, 1.1±0.4 vs. 1.0±0.4 g/kg/d p=0.005). Energy intake was at the lower limit of French recommendations (26.4±8.8 vs. >25.0 kcal/kg/d). Assessment of all residents at T4 showed improved MNA™ (+0.4 points/month p=0.02), protein intake (+3.3 g/d p=0.0007), and energy intake (+41.4 kcal/d p=0.01 and 0.1 kcal/kg/d p=0.03). Variations in prevalences of malnutrition and obesity were not statistically significant. MNA™ increased in the dementia group (+0.29±0.8 points/month p=0.003). All other changes

  16. Significant associations of the mitochondrial transcription factor A promoter polymorphisms with marbling and subcutaneous fat depth in Wagyu x Limousin F2 crosses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jiang, Zhihua; Kunej, Tanja; Michal, Jennifer J.; Gaskins, Charles T.; Reeves, Jerry J.; Busboom, Jan R.; Dovc, Peter; Wright, Raymond W.

    2005-01-01

    Mitochondrial transcription factor A (TFAM), a nucleus-encoded protein, regulates the initiation of transcription and replication of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). Decreased expression of nuclear-encoded mitochondrial genes has been associated with onset of obesity in mice. Therefore, we hypothesized genetic variants in TFAM gene influence mitochondrial biogenesis consequently affecting body fat deposition and energy metabolism. In the present study, both cDNA (2259 bp) and genomic DNA (16,666 bp) sequences were generated for the bovine TFAM gene using a combination of in silico cloning with targeted region PCR amplification. Alignment of both cDNA and genomic sequences led to the determination of genomic organization and characterization of the promoter region of the bovine TFAM gene. Two closely linked A/C and C/T single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were found in the bovine TFAM promoter and then genotyped on 237 Wagyu x Limousin F 2 animals with recorded phenotypes for marbling and subcutaneous fat depth (SFD). Statistical analysis demonstrated that both SNPs and their haplotypes were associated with marbling (P = 0.0153 for A/C, P = 0.0026 for C/T, and P = 0.0004 for haplotype) and SFD (P = 0.0200 for A/C, P = 0.0039 for C/T, and P = 0.0029 for haplotype), respectively. A search for transcriptional regulatory elements using MatInspector indicated that both SNPs lead to a gain/loss of six putative-binding sites for transcription factors relevant to fat deposition and energy metabolism. Our results suggest for the first time that TFAM gene plays an important role in lipid metabolism and may be a strong candidate gene for obesity in mammals

  17. Oxidation and antioxidant status: effects on shelf-life of meat from Limousine cattle fed with supplements of α-tocopherol

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Domenico Gatta

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to evaluate the antioxidant status of meat from cattle fed diets supplemented with vitamin E (α-tocopherol acetate during the finishing period and to evaluate the effect of this treatment on meat shelf-life. Twenty purebred Limousine calves reared in the same farm, were randomly selected, divided into control group (n=10 and treated group (n=10 and fed a total mixed ration: treated group received a supplementation of vitamin E (900 mg/kg of CMF for a period of 150 days before slaughter. Meat quality was evaluated by the following analyses: pH, water holding capacity (drip loss, colour (L*, a*, b*, C*, H*, chemical forms of myoglobin, substances reactive to thiobarbituric acid (MDA and enzymatic antioxidant activity (superoxide dismutase, catalase and glutation peroxidase. Dietary vitamin E supplementation had a positive effect on water holding capacity; in the control group a considerable increase in drip loss from the 2nd to 6th day of conservation was observed (2.83% vs 7.54%, while in the treated group during the same time period this increase appeared to be much more gradual and occurred to a lesser degree (2.31% vs 4.15%. Moreover, administration of vitamin E led to greater stability of colorimetric coordinates and reduced discoloration of the longissimus dorsi muscle during conservation as indicated by the redness a* (control: 23.85 and 23.87 vs 19.34 at 2h, 2 and 6 days, respectively; treated: 24.88, 23.91 and 24.01 at 2h, 2 days and 6 days, respectively and in the Chroma* (control: 26.89 and 26.77 vs 21.90 at 2h, 2 days and 6 days, respectively; treated: 27.67, 26.57 and 26.77 at 2h, 2 and 6 days, respectively. Superoxide dismutase activity was significantly greater in the meat from cattle treated with vitamin E compared to that observed in the meat from controls (0.204 vs 0.167. The study showed that vitamin E supplementation in the finishing diets of calves caused only slight modifications in the

  18. Níveis de concentrado na dieta de novilhos f1 Limousin x Nelore: consumo, conversão alimentar e ganho de peso Concentrate levels in the diet for crossbreed Limousin x Nellore bulls: intake, feed: gain ratio and weight gain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Gesualdi Júnior

    2000-10-01

    Full Text Available Utilizaram-se 45 bovinos F1 Limousin x Nelore, inteiros, com, em média, 14 meses de idade e peso vivo inicial de 330 kg, para avaliar os efeitos de diferentes níveis de concentrado na matéria seca (25,0; 37,5; 50,0; 62,5; e 75,0% e dois métodos de balanceamentos de rações (o primeiro, tendendo a ser isoprotéico e o segundo, variando proteína com energia sobre os consumos de matéria seca (CMS e fibra em detergente neutro (FDN, conversão alimentar (CA, ganhos diários de peso vivo (GMDPV, corpo vazio (GMDPVZ e carcaça (GCAR. Cinco animais foram abatidos no início do experimento, como referência, para estimar o peso corporal vazio inicial dos animais que permaneceram no confinamento. Os animais receberam alimentação à vontade até atingirem o peso de abate preestabelecido de 500 kg. Foi utilizado o feno de capim-coastcross como fonte de volumoso na dieta. O delineamento foi o inteiramente casualizado, em esquema fatorial 2 x 5, com quatro repetições. As formas de balanceamento resultaram em igual desempenho dos animais. Os consumos de MS responderam de maneira quadrática, estimando-se os máximos de 8,04 kg MS, 1,99% PV e 89,22 g MS/kg0,75 para os níveis de 41,42; 36,71; e 37,96% de concentrado, respectivamente. Conversão alimentar, consumo de FDN e dias de confinamento decresceram e o GMDPVZ cresceu linearmente, com o aumento dos níveis de concentrado na ração. Os GMDPV e GCAR apresentaram resposta quadrática, com máximos de 1,16 e 0,81 kg para 61,11 e 64,47% de concentrado, respectivamente.Forty five crossbreed F1 Limousin x Nellore young bulls, averaging 14 months of age and initial 330 kg LW, were used to evaluate the effects of different concentrate levels (25.0, 37.5, 50.0, 62.5 and 75.0% as DM basis and two diet balance methods (one, almost isoprotein and the second, changing protein as energy of the diet change on the intakes of dry matter (DMI and neutral detergent fiber (NDFI, feed: gain ratio (FG, daily gains of

  19. Composição corporal e exigências líquidas e dietéticas de macroelementos minerais de bovinos F1 Limousin x Nelore não-castrados Body composition and net and dietary macrominerals requirements of F1 Limousin x Nellore bulls

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina Mattos Veloso

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available Foram utilizados 50 novilhos F1 Limousin x Nelore inteiros, alocados em dez tratamentos, com cinco níveis de concentrado (25; 37,5; 50; 62,5; e 75% e duas formas de balanceamento protéico da dieta (uma isoprotéica com 12% de proteína bruta [PB] e outra variando proteína com energia. O volumoso utilizado foi feno de capim-Coastcross (Cynodon dactylon. Após o abate, todas as partes do corpo do animal foram pesadas e amostradas. As amostras foram secas, pré-desengorduradas com éter, moídas e foram determinados os teores de macroelementos minerais. O conteúdo corporal de Ca, P, Na, K e Mg foi determinado em função das concentrações destes nas várias partes do corpo. O conteúdo de macroelementos minerais retidos no corpo foi estimado por meio de equações de regressão do logaritmo do conteúdo corporal dos macroelementos minerais em função do logaritmo do peso de corpo vazio (PCVZ. As exigências líquidas dos macroelementos minerais, para ganho de 1 kg de PCVZ, foram obtidas utilizando a equação Y' = b. 10ª. Xb-1, sendo a e b o intercepto e o coeficiente de regressão, respectivamente, das equações de predição dos conteúdos corporais dos macroelementos minerais. Houve diminuição nas concentrações dos cinco macroelementos estudados no corpo vazio e no ganho de corpo vazio, com a elevação do peso vivo. As relações g Ca/100 g de proteína retida e g P/100 g de proteína retida foram iguais a 8,70 e 3,46, respectivamente.Fifty F1 Limousin x Nellore bulls were allotted to ten treatments, with five concentrate levels (25; 37.5; 50; 62.5 e 75% and two diet protein balance methods (one isoprotein and the other changing protein as diet energy changed. The roughage used was Coastcross grass hay (Cynodon dactylon. After the slaughter, all animal body parts were weighted and sampled. The samples were dried, most of the fat was extracted with ether, grinded, and the concentrations of macrominerals were determined. Ca, P, Na, K

  20. Optimizing Limousine Service with AI

    OpenAIRE

    Chun, Andy Hon Wai

    2011-01-01

    A common problem for companies with strong business growth is that it is hard to find enough experienced staff to support expansion needs. This problem is particular pronounced for operations planners and controllers who must be very highly knowledgeable and experienced with the business domain. This article is a case study of how one of the largest travel agencies in Hong Kong alleviated this problem by using AI to support decision-making and problem-solving so that their planners and contro...

  1. Recommendations for the management of old uranium mining sites in France. From Limousin sites to other sites, from short- to medium- and long-terms. Final report of the pluralist expertise group on Limousin uranium mines (GEP). Synthesis and final report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2010-01-01

    The final report of the Pluralistic Experts Group for the Uranium mines of Limousin (GEP) brings together the main conclusions and recommendations arising from three and half years of work having mobilized, at the request and with the financial support of French authorities, more than forty experts from a varying range of disciplines and backgrounds. The mission given to GEP by the Ministers of Ecology, Industry and Health, as well as the President of the Nuclear safety Authority, was ambitious. It was not simply a matter of conducting an exhaustive and vigorous investigation of actual impacts, but also to analyse the present situation from a technical point of view starting with actual cases to clarify the options for management and monitoring, and to make recommendations on their development in order to reduce the current impacts and to foresee those in the long term according to the preparation of a long term plan. This final report attempts to develop a coherent framework of recommendations that are as operationally feasible as possible. Thus, the proposals of the GEP underline the need for an comprehensive approach, on the basis of work on the institutional perspectives, of a programme for improvement of knowledge and including a reinforcement of information and dialogue, to frame and guide the characterization of the risks and impacts, the evolution of the surveillance devices and the consolidation of the existing protection systems. These final proposals take account of a whole range of activities undertaken by Areva NC as well as the relevant local and national government organizations; and which integrate certain recommendations already produced by the GEP within the framework of its three interim reports. The GEP sets out six main areas of improvements, within which the GEP makes 15 major recommendations addressed to the public authorities, the owner and all of the stakeholders concerned. These recommendations, largely detailed in the report, aim to: - 1

  2. Transferência de imunidade passiva em bezerros das raças Nelore e Limousin e proteinograma sérico nos primeiros quatro meses de vida Passive transfer of immunity in Nelore and Limousin calves and serum proteinogram in the first four months of life

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Márcio Carvalho da Costa

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Com o objetivo de investigar alguns aspectos relacionados à transferência de imunidade passiva em bovinos de corte, foram selecionados 90 bezerros aparentemente sadios, 45 da raça Nelore e 45 da raça Limousin, distribuídos em 3 grupos (com 15 bezerros cada de acordo com o número de parições de suas mães: primeira cria; segunda cria; e terceira ou mais crias. Amostras de sangue foram colhidas de cada bezerro entre 24 e 36 horas de vida e com 15, 30, 60, 90 e 120 dias. Determinaram-se as concentrações de proteína total no soro (PT e no plasma (PPT, a atividade sérica da gamaglutamiltransferase (GGT, e as concentrações séricas de albumina, alfa, beta e gamaglobulinas por eletroforese em gel de agarose e de IgG estimada por meio do método de turvação pelo sulfato de zinco. Empregou-se a análise de variância bifatorial para as variáveis mensuradas na primeira colheita. O comportamento das variáveis em função da idade foi estudado por meio da análise de variância de medidas repetidas. Correlações foram estabelecidas entre as variáveis. A transferência de imunidade passiva foi bem sucedida nos bezerros de ambas as raças e o número de parições das mães não interferiu no processo. As concentrações mais elevadas de gamaglobulinas ao término do primeiro dia de vida declinaram até valores mínimos aos 60 dias. A partir dessa idade, a elevação conseqüente à produção ativa de anticorpos foi mais precoce nos bezerros taurinos e mais lenta nos zebuínos. A gamaglobulina, ao término do primeiro dia de vida, correlacionou-se com as seguintes variáveis: IgG (r=0,859, PPT (r=0,807, PT (r=0,811 e GGT (r=0,399. O fator etário exerceu efeito sobre todas as variáveis mensuradas. As variações das proteínas séricas obedeceram a um padrão de comportamento fisiológico ao longo dos quatro primeiros meses de vida, de forma geral, não distinto em taurinos e zebuínos.To study the passive transfer of immunity, 90

  3. Composição corporal e exigências energéticas e protéicas de bovinos F1 Limousin x Nelore, não-castrados, alimentados com rações contendo diferentes níveis de concentrado Body composition and energy and protein requirements of F1 Limousin x Nellore bulls fed diets with different concentrate levels

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina Mattos Veloso

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available Foram utilizados 50 novilhos F1 Limousin x Nelore inteiros, alocados em dez tratamentos, com cinco níveis de concentrado (25; 37,5; 50; 62,5; e 75% e duas formas de balanceamento protéico da dieta (uma isoprotéica com 12% de proteína bruta [PB] e outra variando proteína com energia. Avaliaram-se os consumos de matéria seca (MS, matéria orgânica (MO, PB, fibra em detergente neutro (FDN e nutrientes digestíveis totais (NDT. Após o abate, todas as partes do corpo do animal foram pesadas, amostradas e analisadas para MS, teores de compostos nitrogenados totais e extrato etéreo. Os conteúdos de proteína, gordura e energia retidos no corpo foram estimados por meio de equações de regressão do logaritmo do conteúdo corporal de proteína, gordura ou energia, em função do logaritmo do peso de corpo vazio (PCVZ. As exigências líquidas de proteína e energia, para ganho de 1 kg de PCVZ foram obtidas a partir da equação Y = b. 10ª. Xb-1, sendo a e b o intercepto e o coeficiente de regressão, respectivamente, das equações de predição dos conteúdos corporais de proteína ou energia. A exigência líquida de energia para mantença (ELm foi estimada como o anti-log do intercepto da equação obtida pela regressão linear entre o logaritmo da produção de calor e o consumo de energia metabolizável. A forma de balanceamento da dieta não influenciou os consumos dos nutrientes. O consumo de MS, em kg/dia, não foi influenciado pelo nível de concentrado (NC, apresentando média de 7,39 kg/dia. O NC das dietas não influenciou o consumo de MO (7,08 kg/dia. Com o aumento do NC, o consumo de FDN reduziu e o de NDT aumentou linearmente. Nas dietas com níveis de proteína variados, o consumo de PB aumentou linearmente. Já as dietas isoprotéicas não foram influenciadas pelo NC, apresentando média de consumo de PB de 0,89 kg/dia. As exigências de energia líquida para ganho de peso de bovinos F1 Limousin x Nelore não-castrados, em

  4. Influência da suplementação com Concentrados nas características de carcaça de bovinos F1 Limousin - Nelore, não-castrados, durante a seca, em pastagens de Brachiaria decumbens

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Santos Eduardo Destéfani Guimarães

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho foi realizado na Fazenda Experimental de Felixlândia (MG, da EPAMIG, no período de julho a outubro de 1997, com o objetivo de estudar a influência da suplementação com concentrados sobre as características físicas e o rendimento dos cortes da carcaça em 20 novilhos Limousin-Nelore, não-castrados, com 22-23 meses de idade e peso médio de 459 kg ao abate. Retiraram-se, aleatoriamente, quatro animais de cada um dos cinco tratamentos a que foram submetidos durante 112 dias na época seca, em pastagens diferidas de Brachiaria decumbens. No tratamento T1 (referência, os animais nas pastagens receberam apenas sal mineralizado; nos tratamentos T2 (75% milho, T3 (50% milho, T4 (25% milho e T5 (farelo de trigo, foram fornecidas quantidades médias diárias por animal de 3,70 kg de MS de concentrados (equivalente, em matéria natural, a 1% do PV com 24,1% de PB e NDT variando de 67,8% (T5 - farelo de trigo a 85,6% (T2 - 75% milho. Avaliaram-se as características peso, rendimento e comprimento de carcaça, rendimentos de paleta, acém completo, ponta de agulha, alcatra completa e coxão, espessura de gordura subcutânea, área de olho de lombo, porcentagens na carcaça de tecido adiposo, músculos e ossos e a relação músculo/osso. O fornecimento de suplementos proporcionou a obtenção de carcaças mais pesadas (257,0 vs. 203,9 kg, com menor proporção de ossos (15,76 vs. 21,71%, maior relação músculo:osso (3,6 vs. 2,9 e melhor acabamento quando comparado às carcaças dos animais não-suplementados. Os animais suplementados e não-suplementados não diferiram em relação a rendimento e comprimento de carcaça, rendimentos de paleta, acém completo, alcatra completa e coxão, área de olho de lombo (AOL e porcentagem de músculos na carcaça.

  5. Síntese microbiana, pH e concentração de amônia ruminal e balanço de compostos nitrogenados, em novilhos F1 Limousin x Nelore

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cardoso Rodrigo Carvalho

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Os objetivos do experimento foram determinar os efeitos de cinco níveis de concentrados na dieta sobre a eficiência de síntese microbiana, as concentrações de amônia e os valores de pH ruminal, o balanço de compostos nitrogenados e a taxa de passagem da digesta pelo rúmen de novilhos F1 Limousin x Nelore. Utilizaram-se cinco animais fistulados no rúmen, abomaso e íleo, com peso médio de 279 kg, distribuídos em quadrado latino 5 x 5, alimentados à vontade com feno de capim-coastcross e porcentagens de 25,0; 37,5; 50,0; 62,5; e 75,0% de concentrado. Amostras de líquido de rúmen para determinação de amônia e pH foram obtidas antes e 2, 4, 6 e 8 horas após o arraçoamento dos animais. As bases purinas foram o indicador microbiano utilizado e as bactérias do rúmen foram isoladas por centrifugação diferencial. A taxa de passagem foi obtida com infusão de dose única de 20 g de óxido crômico e os tempos avaliados foram imediatamente antes da infusão do indicador e 3, 6, 9, 12, 24, 36 e 48 horas após. O fluxo de nitrogênio bacteriano (Nbact no abomaso e a eficiência microbiana em relação aos carboidratos degradados no rúmen (CHODR não foram influenciados pelos níveis de concentrado, observando-se valores médios de 85,69 g Nbact/dia, 41,09 g Nbact/kgCHODR e 472,44 g MSbact/kgCHODR. As concentrações máximas de amônia de 17,56 mg/100mL de fluido ruminal ocorreram 2,77 horas após a alimentação. O pH do rúmen diminuiu linearmente com os níveis de concentrados e foi influenciado de forma quadrática pelo tempo de coleta. Foram observadas taxas de passagem da digesta ruminal de 0,059; 0,053; 0,073; 0,068; e 0,041.h-1, para os respectivos níveis de 25,0; 37,5; 50,0; 62,5; e 75,0% de concentrado. O aumento do concentrado na dieta não alterou o crescimento microbiano no rúmen.

  6. Uranium deposits in the Nord-Limousin; Les gites d'uranium du Nord-Limousin

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sarcia, J A; Sarcia, J A [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1958-07-01

    The authors briefly consider the region in its geographical and geological setting. They describe the main petrographic, metallogenic and tectonic characteristics of the sector investigated by the Atomic Energy Commission since 1947, stressing the form of uraniferous mineral deposits. This short account is intended as a general presentation of the detailed studies which will follow, of which that dealing with the mine Henriette is the first to be published. (author) [French] Les auteurs replacent rapidement la region dans son cadre geographique et geologique. Ils decrivent les principales caracteristiques petrographiques, metallogeniques et tectoniques du secteur etudie par le Commissariat a I'Energie atomique depuis 1947, en insistant sur le mode de gisement des mineralisations uraniferes. Ces quelques pages sont destinees a la presentation generale des etudes de detail qui suivront, dont celle qui concerne la Mine Henriette est la premiere publiee. (auteur)

  7. Nonlinear behavior of the thermoacoustic instabilities in the limousine combustor

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Roman Casado, J.C.

    2013-01-01

    The topic of this dissertation are the large amplitude pressure perturbations which are sometimes observed in gas turbine burners and boilers. The pressure oscillations are the result of unstable feedback between the combustion process and pressure waves. The amplitude of these oscillations reach

  8. The formation of technic soil in a revegetated uranium ore waste rock pile (Limousin, France)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boekhout, Flora; Gérard, Martine; Kanzari, Aisha; Calas, Georges; Descostes, Michael

    2014-05-01

    Mining took place in France between 1945 and 2001 during which time ~210 different sites were exploited and/or explored. A total of 76 Kt of uranium was produced, 52 Mt of ore was extracted, but also 200 Mt of waste rocks was produced, the majority of which, with uranium levels corresponding to the natural environment. So far, the processes of arenisation and technic soil formation in waste rock piles are not well understood but have important implications for understanding the environmental impact and long-term speciation of uranium. Understanding weathering processes in waste rock piles is essential to determine their environmental impact. The main objectives of this work are to assess 1) the micromorphological features and neo-formed U-bearing phases related to weathering and 2) the processes behind arenisation of the rock pile. The site that was chosen is the Vieilles Sagnes waste rock pile in Fanay (Massif Central France) that represents more or less hydrothermally altered granitic rocks that have been exposed to weathering since the construction of the waste rock pile approximately 50 years ago. Two trenches were excavated to investigate the vertical differentiation of the rock pile. This site serves as a key location for studying weathering processes of waste rock piles, as it has not been reworked after initial construction and has therefore preserved information on the original mineralogy of the waste rock pile enabling us to access post emplacement weathering processes. The site is currently overgrown by moss, meter high ferns and small trees. At present day the rock pile material can be described as hydrothermally altered rocks and rock fragments within a fine-grained silty clay matrix exposed to surface conditions and weathering. A sandy "paleo" technic soil underlies the waste rock pile and functions as a natural liner by adsorption of uranium on clay minerals. Post-mining weathering of rock-pile material is superimposed on pre-mining hydrothermal and possible supergene alteration. Clay minerals present are kaolinite, smectite and chlorite. The formation of these minerals is however ambiguous, and can form during both hydrothermal as weathering processes, calling for a detailed micromorphological study. Micromorphological investigations on undisturbed samples by microscopic and ultramicroscopic techniques allow us to interpretate the processes behind the formation of technic soil in the matrix of the waste rock pile, as well as the rate and chronology of mineral formation and arenisation related to weathering (formation of protosoil and saprolitisation). By studying the formation of weathering aureaoles in between the different granitic blocks, we quantify the anthropogenic influence on weathering of this rock pile and their impacts on local ecosystem by comparing our site with natural occuring outcrops of granites currently subjected to weathering. Electron microscope imaging and microgeochemical mapping permits us to make detailed micromorphological observations linking nanoscale processes to petrolographical macroscopic features and field observations. Different petrographic and electronic images of the mineral paragenesis in the micromass associated to their microgeochemical characteristics will be presented. Also, the impact of previous hydrothermal alteration will be highlighted.

  9. Supplementary recovery of uranium by in-situ leaching at the Brugeaud deposit (Limousin, France)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lyaudet, G.

    1980-01-01

    The actual mining operations at the Brugeaud Deposit (West Brugeaud and East Brugeaud) were followed by supplementary recoveries of uranium by means of in-situ leaching. There were a number of factors which favoured consideration of these operations: the amounts of uranium present at the edge of the stoped areas; the underground mining infrastructure, which did not require supplementary operations for the recovery of solutions; the nature of the rock, which presented a dense network of fractures and micro-fractures conducive to impregnation by the acid solutions; and the immediate proximity of a concentration plant. The amount of uranium recovered by in-situ leaching is close to 200 t. This production is approximately nine per cent of all the uranium extracted from the deposit. The cost of the metal obtained in this way was always less than FF 100 (FF of 1978) per kilogram of uranium. (author)

  10. Stage report n. 1 by the pluralistic expertise group on the Limousin uranium mining sites

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2006-01-01

    This report presents an assessment of the expertise group operation between June and December 2006 and a synthesis of the performed work during this period. This work dealt with releases and transfers in the environment from ancient uranium mining sites (Bellezane residues storage site, Ritord river catchment basin), impacts on the environment and on health, and reflections about the legal framework for the concerned materials and sites, and about the long-term monitoring of the sites and of their environment

  11. Stage report by the pluralistic expertise group on the Limousin uranium mining sites

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2007-01-01

    This report presents an assessment of the expertise group operation during 2007 and a synthesis of the performed work. This work dealt with releases and transfers in the environment from ancient uranium mining sites (analysis of environmental data on waters and sediments, analysis of air radiologic data), impacts on the environment and on population, and assessments and reflections about the legal framework for the concerned materials, and the long-term monitoring of the sites and of their environment

  12. Stage report n 3 by the pluralistic expertise group on the Limousin uranium mining sites

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2008-01-01

    After a description of expertise group operation (organisation, local, national and international relationship), this document reports the activities of its working groups (releases and transfers, impact on the population and on the environment and ecological and health control, legal framework of uranium mining sites, monitoring and management of these sites). Apart from these statements and data, other contributions are proposed about water processing in rehabilitated mining sites, hydraulic and hydro-chemical assessment of a site, assessment of residue storage roofing efficiency, assessment of dose impact, lessons learned from public reports, long-term site evolution, measurements and results

  13. Post-mining safety implementations and environmental aspects of abandoned mine sites in Limousin. 2006 status (and perspectives 2007); Mises en securite en apres-mine et aspects environnementaux des anciens sites miniers en Limousin. Bilan 2006 (et perspectives 2007)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2007-07-01

    This document summarizes the actions carried out in 2006 at some French abandoned mine sites: 1 - safety implementations and risks abatement in the framework of post-mining actions: coal mines of Ahun (23) and Argentat (19), antimony mines of Biard (87); 2 - remedial actions at the tin/tungsten mine of Puy-les-Vignes (87) and at the gold mine of Chatelet (23); 3 - 2007 post-mining perspectives; 4 - environmental aspects of abandoned mine sites: gold mines of Chatelet (23), Cheni and Bourneix (87), uranium mines of Haute-Vienne (expertise, control of effluents, financial warranties about tailings storage sites maintenance). (J.S.)

  14. The Crouzille (Haute-Vienne, France) uranium ores. Half a century of human and industrial adventure in Limousin

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bavoux, B.; Guiollard, P.C.

    1998-01-01

    The 16 uranium deposits of the Crouzille (Haute-Vienne, France) have produced 25000 tons of uranium between 1950 and 1995. The uranium content of the ores ranges from 1 to 10/1000. The main production came from the underground exploitation up to 300 m of depth. This book presents the historical aspects of this industrial and human epopee and describes with details the underground exploitation of the ore, its processing and the rehabilitation of the site after the mines have closed down. (J.S.)

  15. Speciation and transport of uranium: application to a study case (the 'La Crouzille' uranium mining district, Northern Limousin, France)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Peiffert, Ch.; Cathelineau, M.; Ruhlmann, F.; Thiry, J.; Moulin, V.

    2003-01-01

    The occurrence of suspended particles / colloids in mining effluent waters is studied for their potential role in the transport and deposit of contaminants (especially uranium) via the rivers. It is well-know that a major source of acid to waters in mineralized areas is the oxidation of pyrite. Although the overall oxidant that drives pyrite oxidation is O 2 from the atmosphere, dissolved Fe(III) appears to be the primary oxidant that attacks the pyrite surface to form Fe(II), SO 4 , and protons. The Fe(II) that is produced can oxidize in the presence of O 2 to Fe(III). This reaction is the rate determining step and is usually catalyzed by autotrophic bacteria. The Fe(III) produced can either further oxidize pyrite or hydrolyze and then precipitate as hydrous Fe oxide (goethite [?FeOOH] or ferri-hydrite [∼Fe 5 (OH) 8 .4H 2 O]) or as Fe hydroxy-sulfate minerals (jarosite [KFe 3 (SO 4 ) 2 (OH) 6 ] or schwertmannite [Fe 8 O 8 (OH) 6 SO 4 ]) depending on kinetic factors, pH, and concentrations of Fe(III), SO 4 , and bicarbonate. These reactions is accompanied by the gypsum formation. Water circulating through the galleries then will lixiviate these alteration minerals. Then, the mining water with Fe, Ca, Mg, U and SO 4 and to a lesser extent out of Na, K and Cl. Uranium in solution, can then be sorbed on the particles of more or less big size. This chemical adsorption is characterized by the formation of chemical associations between ions or molecules from the solution and surface particles. This includes chemi-sorption, ion exchange and co-precipitation mechanisms. The objective of this work is to discriminate in the uranium transport the relative role played by suspended particles / colloids and complexes (dissolved state). Methods: The most common procedure for the separation and concentration of suspended particles in natural waters for subsequent analysis is filtration using membrane filters of various types and pore diameters. The ultrafiltration technique are used in the separation of trace element and radionuclides associated with colloidal material into different size and/or molecular weight ranges. After filtration, the suspended particles / colloids and water are analyzed by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (trace elements) and by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry (major elements). The anions are analyzed by ionic chromatography. Suspended particles / colloids are determined not only by minerals or organic matter of which they primarily consist, but also by elements and compounds sorbed onto the particle surfaces. Minerals identification is carried out by optical and electron microprobe and confirmed by X-ray diffraction. Size particles are determined by photon correlation spectroscopy. For example, the case of Augeres mining effluents: Before treatment (radium precipitation by BaCl 2 , then decantation and flocculation), the uranium contents of the raw mining effluents water are about 300 μg/l. After treatment, these concentrations fall to 90/130 μg/l. For various filtration steps of not-treated and treated mining effluent waters, the uranium contents of the filtrate do not follow the same tendency. In fact, the uranium contents of Augeres not-treated raw waters sampling remain appreciably constant after the various series of filtration while the uranium amount of treated raw waters sampling fall considerably after various successive filtrations: from 5 to 44 % smaller after filtration under 5 μm; from 9 to 22 % after filtration under 1 μm, from 1,7 to 22,9 % after filtration under 0,45 μm and finally after ultrafiltration, of 10 % approximately. In not-treated mining waters, uranium distribute mostly as dissolved compounds. After treatment, uranium is adsorbed on various sizes of particles of BaSO 4 and aluminum oxides coming from the agent of flocculation. And after mixing with natural waters, uranium from the mining effluents is quickly adsorbed: a part of the uranium stays in solution in the form of complexes (essentially of uranyl hydroxide), the other part is adsorbed on the clayey particles (60 to 85 %). (authors)

  16. Growth performance and fatty acid profiles of intramuscular and subcutaneous fat from Limousin and Charolais heifers fed extruded linseed

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Bartoň, L.; Marounek, Milan; Kudrna, V.; Bureš, D.; Zahrádková, R.

    2007-01-01

    Roč. 76, 3 (2007), 517-523 ISSN 0309-1740 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z50450515 Keywords : heifers * linseed * fatty acids Subject RIV: GH - Livestock Nutrition Impact factor: 2.006, year: 2007

  17. [About "Almanach de la Pharmacie Brunot", pharmaceutical advertising in "Limousin" at the beginning of the XXth century].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saumande, Pierre

    2002-01-01

    It seems necessary to bring further information after Mr. Portenart's paper. The "Almanach" published by "Pharmacie Brunot" was a good example of advertising pharmacists used at the beginning of the XXth century. It is not abnormal and advertising were numerous during the first fifty years of the century.

  18. Post-mining safety implementations and environmental aspects of abandoned mine sites in Limousin. 2006 status (and perspectives 2007)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2007-01-01

    This document summarizes the actions carried out in 2006 at some French abandoned mine sites: 1 - safety implementations and risks abatement in the framework of post-mining actions: coal mines of Ahun (23) and Argentat (19), antimony mines of Biard (87); 2 - remedial actions at the tin/tungsten mine of Puy-les-Vignes (87) and at the gold mine of Chatelet (23); 3 - 2007 post-mining perspectives; 4 - environmental aspects of abandoned mine sites: gold mines of Chatelet (23), Cheni and Bourneix (87), uranium mines of Haute-Vienne (expertise, control of effluents, financial warranties about tailings storage sites maintenance). (J.S.)

  19. Report on recommendations for the management of ancient uranium mining sites in France by the pluralistic expertise Group on the Limousin uranium mines

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2010-01-01

    This brief report presents some characteristics and data on the old uranium mines located on the French territory, the legal framework for these mines, the actors involved in the survey and control of the old uranium mining sites, the different official actions undertaken on these sites, the composition and the missions of the expertise group, the progress of the actions defined in a circular of 2009, the follow-up of the expertise group report, and a brief synthesis of this report

  20. THE INFLUENCE OF MONK EQUIPPED PONDS ON THE QUALITY OF BASIN HEAD STREAMS, THE EXAMPLE OF WATER TEMPERATURE IN LIMOUSIN AND BERRY (FRANCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurent TOUCHART

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available In the centre-west regions of France, the deep water outlet system known as a “monk” is used in 13% of bodies of water. The authorities are strongly encouraging this to increase, arguing that this system would reduce pond induced warming of the hydrographical network. We have measured the water temperature in four monk equipped ponds for 13 years to such an extent that this paper draws on an analysis of 142,200 original measurements. Compared to a surface outflow, a monk is a system which shifts the warming of the emissary water course to the end of summer and the autumn which reduces average annual warming by about 1°C. This reduces the heating of diurnal maxima but increases warming of the minima. A monk equipped pond warms the river with deep water which has acquired its heat by mechanical convection generated by the wind, as opposed to a weir equipped pond which provides surface water warmed by insolation. In winter the monk equipped pond does not damage the thermal living conditions for Fario trout embryos and larvae under the gravel. In summer, the monk prevents night time cooling of the emissary and increases the temperature of the minima excessively for sensitive species.

  1. 40 CFR 52.1163 - Additional control measures for East Boston.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... enacted into law, would alleviate local licensing problems of bus and limousine companies in order to facilitate increased and improved bus and limousine service for travelers using Logan Airport. (d) Massport... lanes for buses, carpools, taxis and limousines during peak travel hours; (4) Reduction of parking...

  2. Increasing twinning rate in beef cattle through embryo transfer ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Thirty-nine Limousin X Friesian heifers and forty-five Limousin X Friesian cows were randomly allocated to three treatments in a twin-induction breeding program. Animals were inseminated twice with Limousin semen (treatment A) or inseminated twice also with Hereford semen and each implanted with one embryo 7 days ...

  3. Report GT2 by the pluralistic expertise group on the Limousin uranium mining sites.Volume 1 and 2: Environmental, ecosystem and health controls. Environmental risk. Dose and health impacts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2010-01-01

    After a presentation of the expertise group and of its mission, the first volume reports the various controls and monitoring actions performed on the environment, on ecosystems, and on health. For each of this field, objectives, equipment, methods and results are presented, as well as the actors involved in data acquiring and gathering. Results are discussed and recommendations are proposed. With the same kind of approach (objectives, equipment, method and results), risks are assessed for the environment and for the population. The different standards of radiological and chemical exposure are presented. The second volume deals with the same topics and contains many documents detailing each of these issues

  4. Mapping QTL for fatty acid composition that segregates between the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Mapping QTL for fatty acid composition that segregates between the Japanese Black and Limousin cattle breeds (Short communication). NOM Tshipuliso, LJ Alexander, TW Geary, VM Snelling, DC Rule, JE Koltes, BE Mote, MD MacNeil ...

  5. 5 CFR 532.213 - Industries included in regular appropriated fund wage surveys.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... food service and laundry establishments and industries having peculiar employment conditions that... CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS PREVAILING RATE SYSTEMS Prevailing Rate Determinations § 532.213 Industries... transportation except taxi and limousine service (NAICS 4853). 487 (except 4872) Scenic and sightseeing...

  6. Short Communication

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Mike MacNeil

    Mapping QTL for fatty acid composition that segregates between the Japanese. Black ... Japanese Black and Limousin cattle breeds and affect relative amounts of .... dissolved, except for insoluble collagen that appeared as a white powder in.

  7. 15 CFR 770.2 - Item interpretations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... component of a complete unassembled (knocked-down) machine, is considered a component of a machine. In this... “civil automobile” means a passenger car, limousine, van or sport utility vehicle designed for the...

  8. Electrical assessment and perspectives 2015 - Ile-de-France, Centre-Val de Loire, Pays de la Loire, Burgundy Franche-Comte, Brittany, Provence-Alps-Cote d'Azur, Normandy, Grand East, Languedoc-Roussillon, Auvergne Rhone-Alps, Aquitaine Limousin Poitou-Charentes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pinon, Anne-Sophie; Lemaitre, Nathalie; Nedelec, Agathe; Brigant, Caroline; Morassi, Sandrine; Joumier, Frederique; PHAM, Mai-Phuong; Lemoine, Henry; Audibert, Solange; Stoll, Elsa; Felix, Jean-Hubert; Zanotelli, Frederique; List, Herve; Larchier, Christelle; Beaulieu, Marc; Vial, Marie-Charlotte; Cherblanc, Dominique

    2016-01-01

    This large publication, illustrated by many maps, graphs and tables, proposes overviews of electricity consumption (final consumption, distribution among sectors) and production (by the different energy sources), of RTE's projects and investments (related to electricity distribution, to grid connections, or to electricity production), and economic benefits for different French regions

  9. Comparison of growth rates in the tissues of primal cuts of Canadian ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Beef composites (C) have combined favourable traits of pure breeds. The objective was to compare the growth rates (GR) of muscle (M) and fat (F) in the primal cuts of serially harvested Beefbooster® C types (SM = C of small breeds, AH = C of Angus and Hereford and GLC = C with Gelbvieh, Limousin or Charolais terminal ...

  10. 77 FR 10943 - Small Business Size Standards: Transportation and Warehousing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-24

    ... 14.0 Transportation. 485510 Charter Bus Industry 7.0 14.0 485991 Special Needs Transportation... NAICS Sector 48-49. That represents 0.7 percent of total firms in industries in that Sector that have... Limousine Service 14.0 485410 School and Employee Bus 14.0 Transportation. 485510 Charter Bus Industry 14.0...

  11. Diversity and population-genetic properties of copy number variations and multicopy genes in cattle

    Science.gov (United States)

    The diversity and population-genetics of copy number variation (CNV) in domesticated animals are not well understood. In this study, we analyzed 75 genomes of major taurine and indicine cattle breeds (including Angus, Brahman, Gir, Holstein, Jersey, Limousin, Nelore, Romagnola), sequenced to 11-fold...

  12. Feed intake and production efficiency of beef cows

    Science.gov (United States)

    The objective of this study was to determine the relationships between DMI and growth as heifers and cows and calves weaned, weight of calf weaned, and milk production. Cows born in 1999-2001and sired by industry AI bulls (Angus, Hereford, Simmental, Limousin, Charolais, Gelbvieh, and Red Angus) an...

  13. Growth, carcass and meat quality traits in beef from Angus, Hereford and cross-breed grazing steers, and their association with SNPs in genes related to fat deposition metabolism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Papaleo Mazzucco, J; Goszczynski, D E; Ripoli, M V; Melucci, L M; Pardo, A M; Colatto, E; Rogberg-Muñoz, A; Mezzadra, C A; Depetris, G J; Giovambattista, G; Villarreal, E L

    2016-04-01

    Grazing steers from Angus and Hereford breeds, their cross-breeds and a three-way cross-breed (Limousin × Angus-Hereford) were measured for growth, carcass and meat quality traits. Breed effects were studied, and the association of SNPs with fat deposition and fatty acid (FA) composition (leptin, melanocortin-4 receptor, stearoyl-CoA desaturase, FA synthase and thyroglobulin) was tested. Limousin cross-breed showed the greatest final body weight, ultrasound rib eye area, dressing percentage, carcass and leg length, and the lowest backfat thickness and intramuscular fat content. Genetic groups had similar pH, shear force, cooking loss, L* and b* and n-6:n-3 ratio. Meat from 1/2-Angus presented greater a* than Limousin cross-breed. Whereas Angus had the highest total SFA content, Hereford had the lowest total SFA and the highest total MUFA. Limousin cross-breed had greater content of several individual PUFAs, total PUFA, n-6 and n-3 FA than Angus and 1/2-Angus. Leptin and FA synthase were associated with some FAs, supporting their influence over fat metabolism for grazing animals. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  14. 49 CFR 256.3 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... and others, and other public activities supported in whole or in part under Federal law. (g) Council...: Intercity bus, commuter rail, intra-city rail transit and bus transportation, airport limousine service and... Railroad Revitalization and Regulatory Reform Act of 1976, as amended, Public Law 94-210, 90 Stat. 125, 49...

  15. Sheet GT1-4. Radionuclides in sediments, bank soils and wetlands; Fiche GT1-4. Les radionucleides dans les sediments, les terres de berge et les zones humides

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2009-07-01

    This document reports investigations and measurements aimed at assessing the radiological quality of sediments, of bank soils, and of different wetlands, waterways and lakes located in the area of an ancient uranium mining site (La Crouzille, Limousin). As sediments are heterogeneous, sampling have been performed in several locations, and have been analysed in terms of activity with respect with depth

  16. Association of plasma ghrelin concentrations with feed intake in beef cattle

    Science.gov (United States)

    Active ghrelin is an acylated peptide produced in the gastrointestinal tract of animals that is thought to stimulate appetite. Cattle used in this experiment were sired by bulls representing five breeds in the U.S. including: Hereford, Angus, Limousin, Charolais, and Gelbvieh. Steers (n=128) and hei...

  17. Integration of cabs and hired cars in urban transportation systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bernauer,

    1984-01-01

    Integrating taxis and limousine services into the public transit system has become a major goal in designing new forms of public transportation. Expanding the spectrum of possible use for these vehicles - for both scheduled and on-demand service - requires, first of all, a qualitative and quantitative analysis of the current state of affairs in this area. Administrative, organizational, technical, and legal issues as well as the respective traffic patterns had to be investigated. This investigation was to find out if, and in what ways, taxis and limousine services could actually be incorporated into the public transit system. In addition, the results were interpreted against the background of experiments and tentative models for regular, scheduled and supplementary public transit. As a result, we developed a generalized concept for integrating the two systems and proposed possible forms of service, organization, and financial calculation. Included were legal issues and comments on contractual relations between the partners.

  18. The uranium of two 'private': from Jouac (Haute-Vienne) to Bertholene (Aveyron) through Saint-Pierre (Cantal)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Guiollard, P.Ch.; Milville, G.

    2003-01-01

    In this book, the author tells us the short but intense history of some French uranium mines among the most famous ones: Jouac-Le Bernardan (Limousin) and Bertholene (Aveyron). It gives also a precious description of the discovery of the spar-fluor ore of La Charbonniere mine (Haute-Vienne) initially discovered thanks to its radioactivity (anthozonite bed) and which supplied a huge amount of fluorine. It presents the main companies (Scumra and Charbonnages du Dong-Trieu) which have exploited these deposits and also some less-known uranium mines of Aveyron, Creuse, Correze, Cantal and Limousin. The text is fully illustrated with cross sections and photos and gathers a large amount of geological and historical documents about mining techniques. (J.S.)

  19. Uranium prospection methods illustrated with examples

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Valsardieu, C.

    1985-01-01

    Uranium exploration methods are briefly reviewed: aerial (radiometric, spectrometric), surface (mapping, radiometric, geophysical, geochemical), sub-surface (well logging, boring) and mining methods in the different steps of a mine project: preliminary studies, general prospecting, detailed prospecting deposit area and deposit estimation. Choice of methods depends strongly on geographic and geologic environment. Three examples are given concerning: an intragranitic deposit Limousin (France), a deposit spatially related to a discordance Athabasca (Canada) and a sedimentary deposit Manyingee (Western Australia) [fr

  20. Large Scale Visual Recognition

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-01

    Miniature pinscher Figure 2.5: Visualization of the mammal hierarchy. 23 900 1000 1100 elephant okapi panda platypus Caltech101 Lossless JPG size in...limousine taxi Flat Ours Golden Retriever dog Chihuahua dog Husky domes c animal canine English Se er hyena canine polar bear carnivore...snow leopard feline o er living thing conch en y wheelbarrow carnivore orangutan mammal meerkat mammal carnivore polar bear lynx lion Flat

  1. Stress indicators in steers at slaughtering

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Zarrilli

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available This work aimed to assess the blood modifications of some slaughtering-linked stress hormones in cattle subject to butcher standardized procedures. The blood samples of 20 Limousine 12-13 months old steers have been collected before slaughtering, during lairage, and after stunning by captive bolt gun, during exsanguination. The plasma level of epinephrine, norepinephrine, cortisol and beta-endorphin have been assayed by EIA. The data indicate that catecholamines, cortisol and beta-endorphin did not significantly increase after stunning in these animals.

  2. Green Cabs vs. Uber in New York City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Korsholm Poulsen, Lasse; Dekkers, Daan; Wagenaar, Nicolaas

    2016-01-01

    This paper reports on the process and outcomes of big data analytics of ride records for Green cabs and Uber in the outer boroughs of New York City (NYC), USA. Uber is a new entrant to the taxi market in NYC and is rapidly eating away market share from the NYC Taxi & Limousine Commission's (NYCTLC...... from April-September 2014 in New York excluding Manhattan and NYC's two airports. Tableau was used as the visual analytics tool, and PostgreSQL in combination with PostGIS was used as the data processing engine. Our findings show that the performance of Green cabs in isolated zip codes differ...

  3. Where are the radioactive wastes in France? Brochure no 6

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2004-01-01

    This document is one of the 6 regional brochures which make the geographical inventory of radioactive wastes in France. For each region, a table lists the recorded sites and a regional map localizes those having a detailed descriptive file. These files mention the most important waste owners (medical, research, nuclear and military industries), the type of waste and the type of management. The polluted sites are also mentioned, even if they are already decontaminated. The volume no 6 concerns the Aquitaine, Limousin, Midi-Pyrenees and Poitou-Charentes regions. (J.S.)

  4. 15 local climate-energy plans: regions and districts, local leaders of the struggle against climate change

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2009-01-01

    This report presents some general information, the sectors addressed by the Climate - Energy Plan, the approaches adopted, the plan elaboration process (organisation, participation and governance, diagnosis and challenges identification, communication actions), the actions and their follow-up, the success factors and the improvement opportunities of the Climate-energy Plans elaborated and adopted by different French regions (Alsace, Aquitaine, Basse-Normandie, Champagne-Ardenne, Franche-Comte, Haute-Normandie, Languedoc-Roussillon, Limousin, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, Poitou-Charentes) and districts (Alpes Maritimes, Bas-Rhin, Eure, Seine-Maritime)

  5. Intervention du bois de chêne dans l'évolution des vins rouges élevés en barriques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul Pontallier

    1982-03-01

    A complete analysis shows to a significant degree, the superiority of Allier oak; natural open air drying develops a finer and stronger vanilla wood character than that given by artificial oven drying. Limousin oak doesn't give as intense nor as nice a woody character; it is less sensitive to the drying method. Organoleptic test results are confirmed by phenol acid measurements in wines. The method to form barrels (by flame or steam and the conditions for soaking out (by cold water, hot water, steam don't have as preponderant an influence.

  6. Influence of uranium chemical speciation taken into consideration in the analysis of its eco-toxic effects in fresh water. Methodological development and application to the Ritord case

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Beaugelin-Seiller, K.; Garnier-Laplace, J.; Gilbin, R.; Fevrier, L.

    2009-01-01

    The pluralistic expert group on uranium mine sites in Limousin ('GEP mines'), following the recommendation of its working group devoted to environmental and health impacts (WG2), has confirmed the interest of studying the influence of uranium speciation on the analysis of its eco-toxic effects. The WG2 produced specifications to which the SECRE applied successfully. This report presents the results of the corresponding study, funded by AREVA NC. The first point was to develop the required methodological aspects, the second their application in relation with the chemical risk assessment due to uranium exposure of the Ritord aquatic ecosystem. (authors)

  7. Where are the radioactive wastes in France? Brochure no 6; Ou sont les dechets radioactifs en France? Brochure no 6

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-07-01

    This document is one of the 6 regional brochures which make the geographical inventory of radioactive wastes in France. For each region, a table lists the recorded sites and a regional map localizes those having a detailed descriptive file. These files mention the most important waste owners (medical, research, nuclear and military industries), the type of waste and the type of management. The polluted sites are also mentioned, even if they are already decontaminated. The volume no 6 concerns the Aquitaine, Limousin, Midi-Pyrenees and Poitou-Charentes regions. (J.S.)

  8. BEEF CATTLE MUSCULARITY CANDIDATE GENES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irida Novianti

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Muscularity is a potential indicator for the selection of more productive cattle. Mapping quantitative trait loci (QTL for traits related to muscularity is useful to identify the genomic regions where the genes affecting muscularity reside. QTL analysis from a Limousin-Jersey double backcross herd was conducted using QTL Express software with cohort and breed as the fixed effects. Nine QTL suggested to have an association with muscularity were identified on cattle chromosomes BTA 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 8, 12, 14 and 17. The myostatin gene is located at the centromeric end of chromosome 2 and not surprisingly, the Limousin myostatin F94L variant accounted for the QTL on BTA2. However, when the myostatin F94L genotype was included as an additional fixed effect, the QTL on BTA17 was also no longer significant. This result suggests that there may be gene(s that have epistatic effects with myostatin located on cattle chromosome 17. Based on the position of the QTL in base pairs, all the genes that reside in the region were determined using the Ensembl data base (www.ensembl.org. There were two potential candidate genes residing within these QTL regions were selected. They were Smad nuclear interacting protein 1 (SNIP1 and similar to follistatin-like 5 (FSTL5. (JIIPB 2010 Vol 20 No 1: 1-10

  9. Une étape primordiale dans l’évaluation d’une politique de développement durable

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karine Bourgeois

    2003-11-01

    Full Text Available L’évaluation des politiques publiques prend une place institutionnelle de plus en plus importante. La commande de l’évaluation donne lieu à l’élaboration d’un cahier des charges, qui précise notamment les questions évaluatives stratégiques à traiter. Pour parvenir à une définition judicieuse de ces questions, la réalisation, en amont, d’une démarche interdisciplinaire comprenant une phase d’analyse de politique complétée d’une étude des modalités de mise en oeuvre s’avère nécessaire. A travers l’exemple de l’évaluation intermédiaire du Contrat Territorial d’Exploitation (CTE en Limousin, nous tentons de montrer en quoi le graphe d’objectifs peut constituer un outil adapté pour révéler la théorie d’action de la politique publique. La conception du cahier des charges contribue également à éclairer la décision publique en favorisant l’implication et la concertation des divers partenaires. Celle-ci est d’autant plus précieuse qu’il s’agit d’une politique de développement durable, visant, entre autres, à mieux gérer les biens publics environnementaux.An important step in a sustainable policy evaluation: the conception of terms of reference, The experience of the Land Management Contract mid-term review in Limousin. Terms of reference and particularly evaluative questions definition is one of the most important stage in evaluation process. This last aims to analyse the context of the policy and its theory  of action. In order to define, in a pertinent way, priority evaluative questions, both political analysis and implementation analysis (an interdisciplinary method are required, moreover when the policy is defined in a regional and co-operation framework. In the case of the Land Management Contract (LMC mid-term review, an objective tree has been drawn up to identify which social and economical mechanisms have been implemented to achieve the main objectives of the Limousin program

  10. Sensotronic brake control. Braking with maximum efficiency; Die Sensotronic Brake Control. Bremsen auf hoechstem Niveau

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fischle, G.; Stoll, U.; Hinrichs, W.

    2002-05-01

    Sensotronic Brake Control (SBC) celebrated its world premiere when it was introduced into standard production along with the new SL in October 2001. This innovative brake system is also fitted as standard in the new E-Class. The design of the system components is identical to those used in the SL-Class. The software control parameters have been adapted to the conditions in the new saloon. (orig.) [German] Die Sensotronic Brake Control (SBC) wurde als Weltneuheit mit dem neuen SL im Oktober 2001 in Serie gebracht. Dieses innovative Bremssystem gehoert ebenfalls zur Serienausstattung der neuen E-Klasse. Die Systemkomponenten sind baugleich mit denen der SL-Klasse. Die Regelparameter der Software sind an die Verhaeltnisse der Limousine angepasst. (orig.)

  11. A.C.R.O. activity report 2006

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2006-01-01

    This association participated in different working groups: North Cotentin radioecology group, groups of expertise on the uranium mines of Limousin, executive committee for the management of the post accidental phase of a nuclear accident or a radiological emergency situation, radioactive waste management, radiological surveillance of the territory, radiation protection mission by the Asn, radiological surveillance of the environment of the Chinon nuclear power plant, study of the presence of 235 U around the site of Brennilis, study of the radioactive waste management at the Manche plant, radiological surveillance of the Cyceron cyclotron at Caen, Aurengo commission on the consequences in France of the Chernobylsk accident. Actions of information, regular publications, meeting with public are also a part of the work of this association. (N.C.)

  12. Development of acoustics and vibrational comfort on the New A6; Entwicklung von Akustik und Schwingungskomfort am neuen Audi A6

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Becker, K.; Bukovics, J.; Kosamke, D.; Ohlendorf, J.; Schrey, A.C.; Verweyen, K. [Audi AG, Ingolstadt (Germany)

    2004-03-01

    Positioning the new A6 as a sporty vehicle, which is, at the same time, a comfortable touring limousine, places special demands on the acoustic design and vibrational comfort. Because the characteristics of a vehicle are the result of the interactions of its subassemblies, in the concept phase, the characteristics of the complete vehicle were broken down to the individual modules. Examples of this are the radiation of sound from the engine, airborne noise from the inlet and exhaust systems, and the insulation of the body against airborne noise. (orig.) [German] Die sportliche Positionierung des neuen A6, der zugleich eine komfortable Reiselimousine bleiben sollte, stellte spezielle Anforderungen an die Auslegung von Akustik und Schwingungskomfort. Da ein Fahrzeug seine Eigenschaften durch das Zusammenspiel seiner Baugruppen erhaelt, wurden die Charakteristiken des Gesamtfahrzeugs in der Konzeptphase auf die einzelnen Module heruntergebrochen. Beispiele sind hier die Schallabstrahlung des Motors, der Muendungsschall von Ansaug- und Abgasanlage und die Luftschalldaemmung der Karosserie. (orig.)

  13. A.C.R.O. activity report 2006; A.C.R.O. rapport d'activite 2006

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-07-01

    This association participated in different working groups: North Cotentin radioecology group, groups of expertise on the uranium mines of Limousin, executive committee for the management of the post accidental phase of a nuclear accident or a radiological emergency situation, radioactive waste management, radiological surveillance of the territory, radiation protection mission by the Asn, radiological surveillance of the environment of the Chinon nuclear power plant, study of the presence of {sup 235}U around the site of Brennilis, study of the radioactive waste management at the Manche plant, radiological surveillance of the Cyceron cyclotron at Caen, Aurengo commission on the consequences in France of the Chernobylsk accident. Actions of information, regular publications, meeting with public are also a part of the work of this association. (N.C.)

  14. Nitrate decreases ruminal methane production with slight changes to ruminal methanogen composition of nitrate-adapted steers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Liping; Meng, Qingxiang; Li, Yan; Wu, Hao; Huo, Yunlong; Zhang, Xinzhuang; Zhou, Zhenming

    2018-03-20

    This study was conducted to examine effects of nitrate on ruminal methane production, methanogen abundance, and composition. Six rumen-fistulated Limousin×Jinnan steers were fed diets supplemented with either 0% (0NR), 1% (1NR), or 2% (2NR) nitrate (dry matter basis) regimens in succession. Rumen fluid was taken after two-week adaptation for evaluation of in vitro methane production, methanogen abundance, and composition measurements. Results showed that nitrate significantly decreased in vitro ruminal methane production at 6 h, 12 h, and 24 h (P methane reduction was significantly related to Methanobrevibacter and Methanoplanus abundance, and negatively correlated with Methanosphaera and Methanimicrococcus abundance.

  15. Power, command and violence in von Trier’s Manderlay. A political and philosophical analysis of pseudo-democracies.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sara Marino

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Alabama, 1933. A caravan of limousines carrying gangsters arrives in Manderlay, a small village where slavery still exists as an institution. Mam (Lauren Bacall rules the plantation assisted by her foreman Wilhelm (Danny Glover, a slave who believes his people are not ready for the responsibilities of freedom. Driving up to the gates of the plantation, Grace (Bryce Dallas Howard declares that the slaves must be informed how to enjoy freedom and thus becoming good citizens. Drawing on a textual and visual analysis of Manderlay, the article explores how democracy arises from the exercise of violence and power, as well as the inability of Western societies to deal with the dogma of difference.

  16. Analysis and exploitation of bacterial population from natural uranium-rich soils: selection of a model specie

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mondani, L.

    2010-01-01

    It is well known that soils play a key role in controlling the mobility of toxic metals and this property is greatly influenced by indigenous bacterial communities. This study has been conducted on radioactive and controls soils, collected in natural uraniferous areas (Limousin). A physico-chemical and mineralogical analysis of soils samples was carried out.The structure of bacterial communities was estimated by Denaturing Gradient Gel Electrophoresis (DGGE). The community structure is remarkably more stable in the uranium-rich soils than in the control ones, indicating that uranium exerts a high selection from the soils was constructed and screened for uranium resistance in order to study bacteria-uranium interactions. Scanning electron microscopy revealed that a phylo-genetically diverse set of uranium-resistant species ware able to chelate uranium at the cell surface. (author) [fr

  17. Production Flexibility in Extensive Beef Farming Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Astigarraga

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this work is to assess the flexibility of production allowed by extensive production conditions faced with variations in the environment, i.e., market variations and climatic fluctuations, of Limousin beef systems. The study used a case-based methodology in which seven beef farms with less than 1 LU/ha were chosen. Data collection was based on three interviews using a semistructured questionnaire and on the analysis of productive and economic results over a 15-year period (1991-2005. The main evolution of these farms is related to a rise in work productivity associated with an increase in herd size. Herd increase was made possible by enlarging the area, the margin of intensification being limited in these regions. To take advantage of the enlarged land area, females were reared for fattening or for reproduction instead of selling them at weaning. The Limousin female provides a wide product mix because of its plasticity, as has been studied by several researchers. This mix flexibility is achieved by delaying product differentiation, a form of production flexibility that can reduce the risk of under-producing or over-producing varied product configurations. On the other hand, calves sold to the Italian market after weaning are generic products, associated with a flexible production process to overcome fluctuations in forage availability due to climatic variations. The introduction of maize silage for feeding acts as an alternative route, actual and potential, through the system to overcome unexpected forage shortage from natural grasslands as a result of droughts. The study shows that extensive farming systems have developed types of flexibility to match different factors of uncertainty from the environment. Finally, the issue of farm system performance is thus not so much a question of whether a farm is fit at a specific moment in time, but whether it transforms into a less or more sustainable orientation.

  18. PENAMPILAN REPRODUKSI SAPI POTONG DI KABUPATEN BOJONEGORO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moh Nur Ihsan

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available abstrak Suatu penelitian untuk mengevaluasi penampilan reproduksi yang diukur berdasarkan indeks fertilitas pada sapi potong telah dilaksanakan di Kabupaten Bojonegoro. Dalam penelitian ini digunakan sampel pemilik sapi yang diambil secara acak dari 11 kelompok peternak yang terdapat di wilayah kerja inseminator di Kecamatan Tambakrejo, Kabupaten Bojonegoro. Variabel yang diukur meliputi Days open (DO, Service per Conception (S/C, Calving Interval (CI, Conception Rate (CR dan indeks fertilitas (IF. Hasil penetlitian menunjukkan bahwa IF sapi Peranakan Ongole, Limosin dan Simental masing-masing pada paritas 2 dan 3 adalah 47.5 dan 50.6. Disimpulkan bahwa indeks fertilitas masing-masing bangsa sapi maupun paritas tidak menunjukkan perbedaan. Kata kunci: indeks fertilitas, paritas dan sapi potong   REPRODUCTIVE PERFORMANCE OF BEEF CATTLE IN BOJONEGORO REGENCY ABSTRACT The research for evaluation reproductive performance measured by fertility index of beef cattle has carried out at Bojonegoro regency. The materials used in this study is to beef cattle (Ongole, Limousin and Simental filial, used the gathering of secondary data from 11 farmer group in Tambakrejo district, Bojonegoro regency. The observed variables are Service per conception (S / C, Days open (DO, Calving interval (CI, Conception rate (CR and Fertility index. The experiment showed that  fertility index for Ongole, Limosin and Simental filial in second and thirh parity is 47.5 and 50.6 respectively.  It was concluded  that there was  not  difference of fertility index between Ongole,  Limousin and Simental filial on 2nd and 3th parity. Key words : Fertility index, parity and beef cattle

  19. Preconcentration of uranium ores by radio-metric sorting; Preconcentration des minerais d'uranium par triage radiometrique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Avril, R; Grenier, J [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Fontenay-aux-Roses (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1964-07-01

    The uranium ore chemical treatment plant at Bessines-sur-Gartempe is supplied entirely by the La Crouzille Mining Division of the French Atomic Energy Commission mainly from mining districts of Fanay, Margnac and Le BRUGEAUD in the Limousin province and also, for the remainder, by a certain amount of private production in the 'Massif Central'. The supply mixture, which is very heterogeneous, is enriched before being treated chemically. The pre-concentration operation is carried out in the divisions ore treatment work-shop. It consists in a stone removal operation using radiometric sorting along a continuous belt; this makes it possible to eliminate 50 pour cent of the only fraction which is thus treated - that from 50 to 120 mm; it represents 15 to 20 per cent of the total tonnage supplied to the plant. (authors) [French] L'usine chimique de traitement des minerais d'uranium de Bessines-sur-Gartempe est entierement alimentee par la Division Miniere de La Crouzille, du Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique, principalement a partir des ensembles miniers limousins de Fanay, Margnac et du Brugenud et, pour le complement, par une certaine production privee en provenance du Massif Central. Le melange d'alimentation, tres heterogene, est enrichi avant d'etre livre a la chimie. L'operation de preconcentration est realisee dans l'atelier de preparation des minerais de la division. Il s'agit d'un epierrage par triage radiometrique sur bande, en continu, qui permet d'eliminer 50 pour cent de la seule fraction granulometrique qui le subit - le 50-120 mm - soit encore 15 a 20 pour cent du tonnage global d'alimentation livre a l'usine. (auteurs)

  20. Comparison of two feeding finishing treatments on production and quality of organic beef

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giulio Cozzi

    Full Text Available The study compared growth and slaughter performance and meat quality of organic beef cattle finished with or without pasture grazing. One group of 10 Limousin heifers was finished under confined conditions and fed ad libitum a total mixed ration based on maize silage, hay and cereal grains. A second group of 10 Limousin heifers rotationally grazed two contiguous pasture plots of 1.5 ha each with a daily supplementation of a concentrate mix based on cereal grains and roasted soybeans. Heifers were slaughtered at commercial finishing and meat quality traits were assessed on Longissimus thoracis muscle. The grazing group, due to a lower average daily gain (0.74 vs. 0.95 kg/day; P<0.05, required a prolonged finishing period (172 vs. 155 days; P<0.05 than the confined animals. Meat samples from grazing cattle were less tender (shear force: 3.92 vs. 3.24 kg/cm2; P<0.05 and showed a lower lightness (L*: 33.0 vs. 35.8; P<0.001 and a higher redness (15.4 vs. 13.7; P<0.01 and yellowness (15.6 vs. 14.6; P<0.05. Fatty acid composition of the intramuscular fat was significantly affected by the finishing system. Grazing heifers had a higher content of polyunsaturated fatty acids (4.06 vs. 3.66% of total fatty acids; P<0.05, conjugated linoleic acids (0.16 vs. 0.10% of total fatty acids; P<0.01 and ω-3 (0.44 vs. 0.30% of total fatty acids; P<0.001 than confined animals. The detrimental effects of pasture grazing on growth performance and on some important meat quality traits explain the limited adoption of this finishing system in organic beef production.

  1. Social Trust and Confidence in the Management of Long Lived Radioactive Wastes: Qualitative Data from France

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mays, Claire [Inst. Symlog, Cachan (France); Charron, Sylvie; Brenot, Jean [IRSN-DPHD-SEGR, Fontenay-aux-Roses (France)

    2003-10-01

    Our qualitative study brought confirmation to Petts' finding that trust components may be of variable significance to different populations in different risk contexts. When we asked interviewees simply to talk about LLiRW (long-lived radioactive wastes management), social trust and confidence were frequently addressed (more than any other of our seven study themes). However, the themes' status appears to differ according to study sample. For the Limousine interviewees, these concepts are central and deeply tied into the uncertainty evoked by LLiRWM. Some interviewees explicitly described how social trust in waste managers, and confidence in the RWM system, are challenged by the very long term, and by the unpredictability of health effects from ionizing radiation. Limousine interviewees ask themselves questions about trust and confidence every time they think about the issues of mine and mill tailings in their community. While managers can draw guidance on how to ameliorate their performance on e.g. openness and credibility, residents suggest that there are structural limits to how far social trust can suffice in a RWM system. In such a context, improving system confidence may reside not so much in convincing residents that institutional actors are more trustworthy, as in fostering a dialogue among all these stakeholders on how to address long term, uncertain risks and their impacts. This is in alignment with Bradbury et al. who with reference to Webler recommend that 'increasing trust and decreasing distrust' be viewed primarily as a basis for initiating and sustaining a more effective (fair and competent) dialogue with the goal of developing consensus on risk management policies. Uninvolved urban samples also talked about trust and confidence, especially during the group interviews. In contrast, however, participants seemed to use these themes as a tool to spark animated discussion on a risk topic - LLiRWM - of which they had not necessarily

  2. Social Trust and Confidence in the Management of Long Lived Radioactive Wastes: Qualitative Data from France

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mays, Claire; Charron, Sylvie; Brenot, Jean

    2003-01-01

    Our qualitative study brought confirmation to Petts' finding that trust components may be of variable significance to different populations in different risk contexts. When we asked interviewees simply to talk about LLiRW (long-lived radioactive wastes management), social trust and confidence were frequently addressed (more than any other of our seven study themes). However, the themes' status appears to differ according to study sample. For the Limousine interviewees, these concepts are central and deeply tied into the uncertainty evoked by LLiRWM. Some interviewees explicitly described how social trust in waste managers, and confidence in the RWM system, are challenged by the very long term, and by the unpredictability of health effects from ionizing radiation. Limousine interviewees ask themselves questions about trust and confidence every time they think about the issues of mine and mill tailings in their community. While managers can draw guidance on how to ameliorate their performance on e.g. openness and credibility, residents suggest that there are structural limits to how far social trust can suffice in a RWM system. In such a context, improving system confidence may reside not so much in convincing residents that institutional actors are more trustworthy, as in fostering a dialogue among all these stakeholders on how to address long term, uncertain risks and their impacts. This is in alignment with Bradbury et al. who with reference to Webler recommend that 'increasing trust and decreasing distrust' be viewed primarily as a basis for initiating and sustaining a more effective (fair and competent) dialogue with the goal of developing consensus on risk management policies. Uninvolved urban samples also talked about trust and confidence, especially during the group interviews. In contrast, however, participants seemed to use these themes as a tool to spark animated discussion on a risk topic - LLiRWM - of which they had not necessarily given much thought in

  3. Contribution to the study of french pitchblendes; Contribution a l'etude des pechblendes francaises

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Geffroy, J [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Lab. de Mineralogie, Centre de Chatillon (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires; Sarcia, J A [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Div. de la Crouzille, Haute Vienne (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1955-07-01

    The authors first review the characteristics of uraninite-pitchblende, as deduced of present literature. They set apart from typical pitchblende a black oxide aspect, which probably corresponds to neo-formations, and a 'para-pitchblende' aspect, which they relate to deep sur-oxidation of normal pitchblende. They insist on the easy replacement of pitchblende by silica. and give indications as to changes in vein stones (fluorite, quartz, etc...). A detailed study of paragenesis and successions in french uranium districts follows (including discussion of uranium of uranium-bearing coals). The authors attempt to classify french pitchblende veins. They are chiefly epithermal and poor in satellite ores. Three types of deposits are identified: massive - pitchblende type, silica type, fluorite type. These deposits, as those of Portugal, are included in granite, Central-European peri-batholitic types where uranium associates which Ni, Co, Bi and Ag, are in France both rare and poor. Finally, the authors attempt to bring out in the european Hercynian area a particular distribution of paragenetic types. (authors) [French] Les auteurs recapitulent d'abord les caracteres et les occurences de l'uraninite - pechblende, tels qu'ils peuvent etre degages de l'actuelle bibliographie. Ils exposent ensuite les faits qui du point de vue mineralogique seulement ressortent de l'etude mineralogique et chalcographique des pechblendes francaises et de leurs satellites. Ils distinguent de la pechblende-type un facies oxyde noir; correspondant probablement a une neoformation, et un facies parapechblende, qui est rapporte a une sur oxydation hypogene de la pechblende proprement dite. Ils insistent sur le facile remaniement de la pechblende par la slice; et donnent quelques precisions sur les modifications des gangues (fluorine, quartz, etc...). Suit l'etude detaillee des parageneses et des successions dans les districts uraniferes francais: Divisions du Limousin, de Grury, de Lachaux et de

  4. Bovine besnoitiosis in Switzerland: imported cases and local transmission.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basso, Walter; Lesser, Maren; Grimm, Felix; Hilbe, Monika; Sydler, Titus; Trösch, Luzia; Ochs, Hansueli; Braun, Ueli; Deplazes, Peter

    2013-12-06

    Bovine besnoitiosis is an economically important disease of cattle, caused by Besnoitia besnoiti (Protozoa, Apicomplexa). A considerable spreading of this parasitic infection has been observed in Europe in the last ten years, mainly related to animal trade. In order to investigate the possibility of B. besnoiti being unnoticed introduced and getting established in Switzerland through the import of breeding cattle from France, a total of 767 animals (650 cattle imported from France and 117 cattle that had contact with B. besnoiti positive cattle in Swiss farms) were screened for antibodies against B. besnoiti by both a commercial ELISA and by the indirect fluorescent antibody test (IFAT). A total of 101 (13.17%) samples showed a positive reaction in ELISA (cut-off: percent of positivity [PP] ≥ 15) and 16 (2.09%) samples had IFAT titers ≥ 1:100. Eight of those samples reacted positive in Western blot (WB), corresponding to five imported Limousin cattle (two cows and one bull from France and two cows from Germany) and to three cattle born in Switzerland (one Limousin heifer born from one of the positive German cows, and two adult Braunvieh cows, that had been in contact with one of the French cows at a Swiss farm). Seven of those animals were subclinically infected and one animal showed only very mild signs. They were subsequently slaughtered, and the serological diagnosis could be confirmed by real-time PCR and/or histopathology in seven animals. The most frequent parasite localizations were the tendons and surrounding connective tissue of the distal limbs and the skin of the head region. Furthermore, B. besnoiti could be successfully isolated in vitro from one French, one German and one Swiss cattle (isolates Bb-IPZ-1-CH, Bb-IPZ-2-CH and Bb-IPZ-3-CH). In the current situation in Switzerland, prophylactic and control measures should include a serological examination of cattle to be imported from endemic areas and the culling of all confirmed positive animals from

  5. Genetic parameters for carcass weight, conformation and fat in five beef cattle breeds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kause, A; Mikkola, L; Strandén, I; Sirkko, K

    2015-01-01

    Profitability of beef production can be increased by genetically improving carcass traits. To construct breeding value evaluations for carcass traits, breed-specific genetic parameters were estimated for carcass weight, carcass conformation and carcass fat in five beef cattle breeds in Finland (Hereford, Aberdeen Angus, Simmental, Charolais and Limousin). Conformation and fat were visually scored using the EUROP carcass classification. Each breed was separately analyzed using a multitrait animal model. A total of 6879-19 539 animals per breed had phenotypes. For the five breeds, heritabilities were moderate for carcass weight (h 2=0.39 to 0.48, s.e.=0.02 to 0.04) and slightly lower for conformation (h 2=0.30 to 0.44, s.e.=0.02 to 0.04) and carcass fat (h 2=0.29 to 0.44, s.e.=0.02 to 0.04). The genetic correlation between carcass weight and conformation was favorable in all breeds (r G=0.37 to 0.53, s.e.=0.04 to 0.05), heavy carcasses being genetically more conformed. The phenotypic correlation between carcass weight and carcass fat was moderately positive in all breeds (r P=0.21 to 0.32), implying that increasing carcass weight was related to increasing fat levels. The respective genetic correlation was the strongest in Hereford (r G=0.28, s.e.=0.05) and Angus (r G=0.15, s.e.=0.05), the two small body-sized British breeds with the lowest conformation and the highest fat level. The correlation was weaker in the other breeds (r G=0.08 to 0.14). For Hereford, Angus and Simmental, more conformed carcasses were phenotypically fatter (r P=0.11 to 0.15), but the respective genetic correlations were close to zero (r G=-0.05 to 0.04). In contrast, in the two large body-sized and muscular French breeds, the genetic correlation between conformation and fat was negative and the phenotypic correlation was close to zero or negative (Charolais: r G=-0.18, s.e.=0.06, r P=0.02; Limousin: r G=-0.56, s.e.=0.04, r P=-0.13). The results indicate genetic variation for the genetic

  6. PENGARUH BRAND IMAGE DAN KUALITAS PELAYANAN TERHADAP KEPUASAN WISATAWAN DALAM MEMILIH TAKSI BLUE BIRD DI BALI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dewa Ayu Putu Mega Puriani

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available In Bali, many types of taxi can be encountered starting from the airport until city and tourist destination, one of them is Blue Bird Taxi. Blue Bird taxi has a brand image and good service quality which can be seen from many awards, some of them are Mark Plus Wow Service Excellence Award 2015 and Indonesian Leading Taxi/Limousine Company. Along with the technology development, giving significant impact to competition among land transportation for instance online based taxi. The technique of determining the respondents is purposive sampling technique with the number of respondents were 170 respondents. Furthermore, in analysing the data, this study using multiple regression analysis techniques. Results of this study mention that variable dimension dominate on brand image is strength. In partially brand image give positive and significant impact on tourist satisfaction with tcount of 2,465 and significant value of 0,015. And variable dimension dominate on service quality is tangible. Service quality give positive and significant impact on tourist satisfaction with tcount of 9,219 and significant value of 0,000. Simultaneously, it can be concluded that brand image and service quality give positive and significant impact on tourist satisfaction with Fcount of 105,731 and significant value of 0,000.

  7. Genetic Polymorphism of the Lactoferrin Gene in Dairy and Beef Cattles at National Artificial Insemination and Embryo Transfer Stations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anneke Anggraeni

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Lactoferrin (LTF adalah gen pengontrol komponen protein susu dan memiliki karakteristik sebagai antimikrobial. LTF pada susu berfungsi untuk mencegah diare, sedangkan pada sapi laktasi untuk mencegah mastitis pada ambing. Mempertimbangkan peran penting dari gen LTF, maka perlu dilakukan peningkatan kadar LTF dalam susu melalui seleksi pada taraf DNA. Polymorfisme genetik dari gen LTF diidentifikasi pada sapi perah dan potong dengan metoda Polymerase Chain Reaction - Restricsion Fragment Length Polymorphism (PCR-RFLP, dengan enzim restriksi EcoRI. Genotyping dilakukan pada sapi perah Friesian Holstein (FH total sejumlah 89 ekor, meliputi dari Balai Inseminasi Buatan Lembang (BIB Lembang untuk 17 pejantan, Balai Besar IB Singosari (BBIB Singosari untuk 32 pejantan, dan Balai embrio Transfer Cipelang (BET Cipelang pada 40 dara. Genotyping dilakukan pula pada sapi potong dara berasal dari empat bangsa, meliputi Limousin (14 ekor, Angus (5 ekor, Simmental (13 ekor dan Brahman (5 ekor dari BET Cipelang. Gen LTF|EcoRI pada sapi perah dan potong pengamatan menghasilkan dua tipe alel, yaitu alel A dan B. Kedua jenis sapi tersebut menghasilkan hanya dua genotipe, yaitu genotipe AA dan AB, tanpa genotipe BB. Ini dapat menjadi hal yang baik karena genotipe AA dan AB dipertimbangkan berasosiasi dengan ketahan pada mastitis. Nilai-nilai dari heterozygositas observasi (Ho dari gen ini lebih tinggi dibandingkan heterozigositas ekspektasi (He. Disimpulkan bahwa gen LTF|EcoRI memiliki variasi yang baik pada sapi perah dan sapi potong dari ketiga balai bibit nasional tersebut.

  8. Diversity and population-genetic properties of copy number variations and multicopy genes in cattle

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bickhart, Derek M.; Xu, Lingyang; Hutchison, Jana L.; Cole, John B.; Null, Daniel J.; Schroeder, Steven G.; Song, Jiuzhou; Garcia, Jose Fernando; Sonstegard, Tad S.; Van Tassell, Curtis P.; Schnabel, Robert D.; Taylor, Jeremy F.; Lewin, Harris A.; Liu, George E.

    2016-01-01

    The diversity and population genetics of copy number variation (CNV) in domesticated animals are not well understood. In this study, we analysed 75 genomes of major taurine and indicine cattle breeds (including Angus, Brahman, Gir, Holstein, Jersey, Limousin, Nelore, and Romagnola), sequenced to 11-fold coverage to identify 1,853 non-redundant CNV regions. Supported by high validation rates in array comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) and qPCR experiments, these CNV regions accounted for 3.1% (87.5 Mb) of the cattle reference genome, representing a significant increase over previous estimates of the area of the genome that is copy number variable (∼2%). Further population genetics and evolutionary genomics analyses based on these CNVs revealed the population structures of the cattle taurine and indicine breeds and uncovered potential diversely selected CNVs near important functional genes, including AOX1, ASZ1, GAT, GLYAT, and KRTAP9-1. Additionally, 121 CNV gene regions were found to be either breed specific or differentially variable across breeds, such as RICTOR in dairy breeds and PNPLA3 in beef breeds. In contrast, clusters of the PRP and PAG genes were found to be duplicated in all sequenced animals, suggesting that subfunctionalization, neofunctionalization, or overdominance play roles in diversifying those fertility-related genes. These CNV results provide a new glimpse into the diverse selection histories of cattle breeds and a basis for correlating structural variation with complex traits in the future. PMID:27085184

  9. Carcass Production of Cattle Slaughtered at Salatiga City Slaughter House, Salatiga, Central Java, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Purbowati, E.; Lestari, C. M. S.; Ma'ruf, M. J.; Sutaryo, S.

    2018-02-01

    The objective of this study was to evaluate the breed, age, sex, slaughter weight, carcass weight, and carcass percentage of cattle which was slaughtered at Slaughter House in Salatiga, Central Java. The materials used in the study were 156 head of catlle. The sampling used was incidental sampling to identify the breed, age, sex, slaughter weight and carcass weight. The data gathered were analyzed descriptively. The result showed that the sex of all the cattle slaughtered were male. The breeds of the cattle were Frisian Holstein Grade (70.51%), Simmental (15.38+3.21), Simmental-Ongole Grade (5.13%), and Limousine-Ongole Grade (5.77%). The average age of the cattle were 2.34 year old, with an average of slaughter weight of 529.34 kg, while the averages of carcass weight were 277.61 kg. The average of carcass percentage was as high as 52.56%. The conclusion of the study was the highest number of breeds of the cattle slaughtered at Slaughter House in Salatiga were young Frisian Holstein, the body weights were included in large frame score, and the carcass percentage were moderate.

  10. A reasoned use of the notion of concernment: mobilizations about the nuclear industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Brunet, Ph.

    2008-01-01

    Discussing the mobilization of environmental associations from the sole sociological viewpoint of interest and calculations is no longer workable. Similarly, although the processual analysis of commitment has obvious heuristic virtues, it could be usefully completed to understand how it emerges and gets structured. This is why, in order to further develop this kind of analysis, we shall explore the processes leading to forms of organized commitment. To do so, Canguilhem's research about the epistemology of living organisms will be used. It shows that, when the resolution of problems between individuals and their milieu is attempted, it is always initiated by the former. By using the notion of 'concernment' and articulating it with those of environment and orientated behaviour, we intend to emphasize the singularity of the social dynamics that aim to solve the tensions inherent in environmental issues. Furthermore, through sociological analysis, one may get a glimpse of forms of similarity between 'concernment', commitment and cognitive mobilization. Our research is based on comparative data drawn from two surveys on the nuclear industry in France: one in Limousin concerning the uranium industry and another in La Hague, North Cotentin, dealing with radioactive waste. (author)

  11. FINANCIAL FEASIBILITY ANALYSIS OF PARASITIASIS CALVES TREATMENT ON CATTLE BREEDING OF SMALLHOLDER IN MAGELANG REGENCY CENTRAL JAVA PROVINCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Purwaningsih Purwaningsih

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available This research was aimed to identify the financial feasibility of parasitiasis treatment for calves in the small holder breeding farm in Piji Subdistrict, Podosoko Village, Magelang Regency. Farmer was taken purposively, considering their objective of keeping cattle (breeding. Eight calves naturally infected gastrointestinal parasites were selected based on consideration of the uniformity of the age (4 months breeds of Limousin-PO (LimPO male 120-125 kg of body weight. They were divided into two groups, consisting of four calves for each group (Group I without treatment and Group II with improved health management. Farmers income was calculated based on the input and output data gathered from interview. The data were compared between Group I and II. Result showed that the value of additional revenue of the calves was IDR 4,230,000 and the selling price of one head of the treated antiparasitic calf was IDR 6,047,000. The calves net benefit in Group II was IDR 142,661/head/year, while group with improved health management (Group II achieved the net income of IDR 283,621/head/year.

  12. The study of protein biomarkers to understand the biochemical processes underlying beef color development in young bulls.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gagaoua, Mohammed; Terlouw, E M Claudia; Picard, Brigitte

    2017-12-01

    This study investigates relationships between 21 biomarkers and meat color traits of Longissimus thoracis muscles of young Aberdeen Angus and Limousin bulls. The relationships found allowed to propose metabolic processes underlying meat color. The color coordinates were related with several biomarkers. The relationships were in some cases breed-dependent and the variability explained in the regression models varied between 31 and 56%. The correlations between biomarkers and color parameters were sometimes opposite between breeds. The PCA using the 21 biomarkers and the instrumental color coordinates showed that these variables discriminated efficiently between the two studied breeds. Results are coherent with earlier studies on other beef breeds showing that several proteins belonging to different but partly related biological pathways involved in muscle contraction, metabolism, heat stress and apoptosis are related to beef color. The results suggest that in future, biomarkers may be used to classify meat cuts sampled early post-mortem according to their forthcoming color. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  13. Restaurant 2 goes Cordon Bleu

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    The Domaine de Chouilly. Who said fine cuisine was too expensive? For a whole week between the 19th and 23rd February you will have the opportunity to enjoy gastronomic delights a short walk away from your office for only 17 CHF. The Chef and his colleagues from the famous Chateauvieux restaurant at the Domaine de Chouilly will be coming to Restaurant No. 2 to prepare a different gastronomic delight each day and will bring with them their own ingredients, equipment and even their own crockery! The list of fare is mouthwatering: Limousin lamb filet au gratin served with two-olive tapenade, and filet of char served with dill and candied lemon are just two of the delicious dishes on the week's menu. Restaurant No. 2 has rustled up another innovation: at the beginning of March it will be starting a pasta serving area on the ground floor called 'The Olivetto Corner'. 'The Corner is designed for customers who don't have much time and for those who like their pasta al dente,' explains Jean-Marie Fornerod, who mana...

  14. Let us take action against radon

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Vignaud, Pierre; Mercat, Francois

    2015-01-01

    The Limousin region, because of its geological characteristics, is one of the most concerned by the presence of radon. A first article evokes actions undertaken in two local communities of this region to detect radon presence in dwellings with notably a free distribution of thousand measurement kits. A second article presents this radioactive gas, explains why it is such a matter of concern, and what risks for health are. The third article describes how the measurement kit is used to perform a complete diagnosis: it comprises three dose measurement devices, an information document, and a questionnaire. The presidents of the both involved local communities explain their commitment. A map indicates places where people can get the measurement kits. The next article presents what will be done after the measurement programme. An article briefly evokes the radon issue and actions undertaken in Canada. In an interview two experts indicate how they will support inhabitants in their remediation actions. An article briefly describes what to do in case of a strong presence of radon in a house

  15. The radiological impact of 50 years of uranium mining in France. The necessity of a site satisfying restructuring by Cogema-Areva

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2005-01-01

    In a first text, the author briefly describes the radioprotection risks related to uranium mining, gives an overview of the characteristics of extraction residues in uranium extraction factories. Then, after having presented the case of the Limousin region in France, he outlines the high level of contamination of the environment of the mining sites, recalls the extraction process and discusses the careless use of the extracted radioactive rocks and materials. He outlines the insufficient management and processing of liquid effluents, the risk associated with the dispersal of contaminated scrap metals and of radioactive ores. He also discusses air contamination due to dusts and radioactive gases. He comments the issue of long term storage of uranium mining residues. He outlines the responsibility of the Administration and comments the trial against Cogema which took place in 2005. He outlines how restructuring of all the concerned sites is a challenging issue for our future. A second text in English describes radiological hazards from uranium mining (uranium by-products, radiological situation before and during extraction, long term contamination after mines closure, problems posed by tailing disposal)

  16. Effects of feeding strategy during a short finishing period on performance, carcass and meat quality in previously-grazed young bulls.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cerdeño, A; Vieira, C; Serrano, E; Lavín, P; Mantecón, A R

    2006-04-01

    Twenty-one Brown Swiss×Limousin young bulls reared on pasture were housed for a short finishing period (60 days). CA group (concentrate-ad libitum group) received concentrate and straw ad libitum for the whole finishing period. CR group (concentrate-restricted group) received 4kg of concentrate/animal per day and ad libitum alfalfa hay throughout the 60days. CRA group (concentrate-restricted/ad libitum group) received the same diet as CR group for the first 30days and the same diet as CA group for the last 30days. CA and CRA groups presented higher fatness values. Myoglobin concentration in muscle was highest in CA group (P0.05). It is concluded that, in this type of young animal, 4kg concentrate plus ad libitum alfalfa hay for a 60-day finishing period, despite lower fatness, provides carcasses and meat with acceptable quality characteristics, similar to those obtained from ad libitum fed animals for the same period.

  17. Regulatory polymorphisms in the bovine Ankyrin 1 gene promoter are associated with tenderness and intra-muscular fat content

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Aslan, Ozlem

    2010-12-15

    Abstract Background Recent QTL and gene expression studies have highlighted ankyrins as positional and functional candidate genes for meat quality. Our objective was to characterise the promoter region of the bovine ankyrin 1 gene and to test polymorphisms for association with sensory and technological meat quality measures. Results Seven novel promoter SNPs were identified in a 1.11 kb region of the ankyrin 1 promoter in Angus, Charolais and Limousin bulls (n = 15 per breed) as well as 141 crossbred beef animals for which meat quality data was available. Eighteen haplotypes were inferred with significant breed variation in haplotype frequencies. The five most frequent SNPs and the four most frequent haplotypes were subsequently tested for association with sensory and technological measures of meat quality in the crossbred population. SNP1, SNP3 and SNP4 (which were subsequently designated regulatory SNPs) and SNP5 were associated with traits that contribute to sensorial and technological measurements of tenderness and texture; Haplotype 1 and haplotype 4 were oppositely correlated with traits contributing to tenderness (P < 0.05). While no single SNP was associated with intramuscular fat (IMF), a clear association with increased IMF and juiciness was observed for haplotype 2. Conclusion The conclusion from this study is that alleles defining haplotypes 2 and 4 could usefully contribute to marker SNP panels used to select individuals with improved IMF\\/juiciness or tenderness in a genome-assisted selection framework.

  18. A reasoned use of the notion of concernment: mobilizations about the nuclear industry; De l'usage raisonne de la notion de concernement: mobilisations locales a propos de l'industrie nucleaire

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brunet, Ph. [Universite d' Evry Val d' Essonne, Centre Pierre Naville, TEPP/FR-CNRS 3126, 87 - Panazol (France)

    2008-10-15

    Discussing the mobilization of environmental associations from the sole sociological viewpoint of interest and calculations is no longer workable. Similarly, although the processual analysis of commitment has obvious heuristic virtues, it could be usefully completed to understand how it emerges and gets structured. This is why, in order to further develop this kind of analysis, we shall explore the processes leading to forms of organized commitment. To do so, Canguilhem's research about the epistemology of living organisms will be used. It shows that, when the resolution of problems between individuals and their milieu is attempted, it is always initiated by the former. By using the notion of 'concernment' and articulating it with those of environment and orientated behaviour, we intend to emphasize the singularity of the social dynamics that aim to solve the tensions inherent in environmental issues. Furthermore, through sociological analysis, one may get a glimpse of forms of similarity between 'concernment', commitment and cognitive mobilization. Our research is based on comparative data drawn from two surveys on the nuclear industry in France: one in Limousin concerning the uranium industry and another in La Hague, North Cotentin, dealing with radioactive waste. (author)

  19. Tactical decisions of concentrate level, slaughter age and carcass weight of bulls of five beef breeds under Norwegian conditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. BONESMO

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Beef production based on suckler cow breeds is a relatively new production system in Norway as in most Nordic countries. To ensure the continuation of this production, profitable management practices designed for Norwegian conditions have to be established. Thus a simulation model was developed that integrates the daily feed intake, the daily live weight (LW gain, silage net energy concentration for beef production (feed units beef (FUb kg?1 dry matter and price, concentrate level and price, and carcass price for bulls of the country's five most common beef breeds. In this work the model was combined with production statistics to find general recommendations in the finishing of beef bulls under Norwegian conditions. Among all the five breeds the Limousin bulls had the highest estimated mean daily return and the Hereford bulls the lowest estimated mean daily return from 20 g concentrate kg?1 LW0.75 for the 940 FUb kg?1 silage dry matter, and from 40 g concentrate kg?1 LW0.75 for the 800 FUb kg?1 silage dry matter. Our estimated optimal slaughter ages and carcass weights shows that it pays to more intensively feed during the finishing period for all five breeds. Current farming practice in Norway for the five major breeds studied is that slaughter age is at least two months later with lighter carcass weights than the results expected from following our model estimated recommendations.

  20. Endoscopic-assisted resection of a pedunculated uterine leiomyoma with maximal tissue preservation in a cow and a mare.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneeweiss, Wilfried; Krump, Lea; Metcalfe, Lucy; Ryan, Eoin; Beltman, Marijke; Jahns, Hanne; David, Florent

    2015-02-01

    To report successful minimally invasive treatment of a uterine leiomyoma in a cow and a mare. Clinical report. Limousine cow (n = 1), Thoroughbred mare (n = 1). A 10-year-old cow and an 18-year-old mare were presented for difficulties in breeding and infertility, respectively. Examination of the reproductive tract revealed the presence of a large mass attached to the uterine wall via a wide and short peduncle in both cases. The mass expanded into the uterine lumen in the mare and into the abdomen in the cow. Both masses were removed using a minimally invasive endoscopic approach and a vessel-sealing and dividing device. Minimally invasive surgical resection of a subserosal and a submucosal leiomyoma with maximal sparing of uterine tissue resulted in a short convalescence period and apparent return to breeding function in a cow and a mare. Use of a vessel-sealing and dividing device provided excellent hemostasis and decreased tissue handling. Leiomyoma with short, wide, and thick peduncles were treated successfully in a cow and a mare with minimally invasive endoscopic approaches aiming at maximal uterine tissue preservation. © Copyright 2014 by The American College of Veterinary Surgeons.

  1. Gausbert de Poicibot, “Be·s cuget venjar Amors” (BdT 173.2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francesca Andolfato

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper offers a commentary and a new critical edition of Gausbert de Poicibot’s poem “Be·s cuget venjar Amors”, which apparently belongs to the genre of the ‘mala chanso’, that was particularly popular during the period that the Limousin poet was active. To abandon love enables the poet to recuperate reason and ‘sen’ and to justify, almost in didactic terms, his separation from the lady, thus clearly showing that he had so far sung the praises of a lady who was not worthy of receiving them. The song is also compared to other typical examples of the subgenre to which it belongs, such as “Si be·m partetz, mala dompna, de vos” by Gui d’Uissel (BdT 194.19, considered to be paradigmatic of the ‘mala chanso’ and probably familiar to Gausbert de Poicibot, though it will be pointed out that this poetic mode has roots in the work of troubadours of previous generations, such as Bernart de Ventadorn and Raimbaut d’Aurenga, whom Gausbert seems to use as models.

  2. Evolution of ellagitannins in Spanish, French, and American oak woods during natural seasoning and toasting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cadahía, E; Varea, S; Muñoz, L; Fernández De Simón, B; García-Vallejo, M C

    2001-08-01

    The evolution of tannins in Spanish oak heartwood of Quercus robur L., Quercus petraea Liebl.,Quercus pyrenaica Wild., and Quercus faginea Lam. was studied in relation to the processing of wood in barrel cooperage. Their evolution was compared with that of French oak of Q. robur (Limousin, France) and Q. petraea (Allier, France) and American oak of Quercus alba L. (Missouri), which are habitually used in cooperage. Two stages of process were researched: the seasoning of woods during 3 years in natural conditions and toasting. Total phenol and total ellagitannin contents and optical density at 420 nm of wood extracts were determined. The ellagitannins roburins A-E, grandinin, vescalagin, and castalagin were identified and quantified by HPLC, and the molecular weight distribution of ellagitannins was calculated by GPC. During the seasoning process the different ellagitannin concentrations decreased according to the duration of this process and in the same way as those in French and American woods. The toasting process also had an important influence on the ellagitannin composition of wood. Roburins A-E, grandinin, vescalagin, and castalagin decreased during this process in the Spanish wood species, in the same proportion as in the French and American ones. Also, the seasoning and toasting processes lead to qualitative variations in the structure of ellagitannins, especially in the molecular weight distribution, as was evidenced by GPC analysis of their acetylated derivatives.

  3. Preliminary analysis on hybrid vigor in Indonesian indigenous and crossbred cattle population using data from published studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prastowo, S.; Widi, TSM; Widyas, N.

    2017-04-01

    Hybrid vigor or heterosis is the phenomenon where a crossbreed progeny has better performance compared to its parents. Heterosis can be quantified relative to the mid-parents value or relative to one of its parent’s population average by crossing two breeds. Crossbreeding is aimed to increase the production performance of local breeds. According to the Indonesian government policy, crossbreeding program is one of main strategies to achieve meat self-sufficiency. We explore the possibilities observing of heterosis exhibited by crossing Bali and Peranakan Onggole (PO) cattle as local breed with the exotic breed based on the published data. In this paper, growth and reproductive traits from Bali and PO from year 2000-2010 were used for analysis. Moreover, Limousine and Simmental exotic breed data were collected from official information of artificial insemination (AI) centre. Data in growth trait (chest girth, mature weight, weaning weight and yearling weight) in all breeds and their crosses were then analysed using standard heterosis estimation method. Result, shows that crossbred offspring perform better in the growth trait in relative to Bali and PO as local breed. Specifically in Bali crossed with PO, the offspring shown better estimated heterosis effect in yearling weight compared to both parents. Despite heterosis were observed in some traits, careful planning of crossbreeding program is a must in order to avoid the loss of genetic variance.

  4. Inovulações não cirúrgicas e taxa de gestação de receptoras de embrião

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    Fernandes C.A.C.

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho foi conduzido no sentido de classificar, quanto a facilidade, inovulações não cirúrgicas, e correlacionar os níveis de classificação com a taxa de gestação das receptoras. Foram usadas 23 vacas e novilhas da raça Limousin como doadoras e 172 novilhas mestiças como receptoras. A classificação foi feita em três níveis, considerando-se a duração, a facilidade de transposição cervical e a manipulação uterina e o local de deposição do embrião. Os resultados mostram que as receptoras que tiveram as inovulações classificadas como "boas" apresentaram melhor taxa de gestação (59% que aquelas que tiveram seu procedimento classificado como "ruim" (31%. Conclui-se que a dificuldade em se transferir o embrião pelo método não cirúrgico pode afetar a taxa de gestação das receptoras.

  5. Global expertise of the ten-year environmental assessment (1993-2004) of AREVA NC.3. part: reuse of deads in the public field

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2008-01-01

    The present document corresponds to the third and last phase of the global critical analysis of the ten-year environmental assessment. It has for objective to evaluate the knowledge on the conditions of reuse, in the public area, of deads coming from the sites of Limousin and to propose an exploratory analysis of conceivable actions to complete this knowledge in order to better identify the sectors and, or, the potentially risk uses. At this day, the knowledge on the transfer of deads and their use in the public field rests on the data recorded in a register implemented by Areva Nc from 1984. According to the transfers anterior to 1984, the situation of knowledge especially about the places of destination and purpose are poor. The analysis of Areva NC data allowed to I.R.S.N. to identify the areas of improvement of knowledge. The first one consists in achieving information concerning deads occurring before 1984. the second one aims to check that every use of deads in the 1984-1995 period are compatible with the exposure levels. (N.C.)

  6. A designated centre for people with disabilities operated by Praxis Care, Louth

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Aslan, Ozlem

    2010-12-15

    Abstract Background Recent QTL and gene expression studies have highlighted ankyrins as positional and functional candidate genes for meat quality. Our objective was to characterise the promoter region of the bovine ankyrin 1 gene and to test polymorphisms for association with sensory and technological meat quality measures. Results Seven novel promoter SNPs were identified in a 1.11 kb region of the ankyrin 1 promoter in Angus, Charolais and Limousin bulls (n = 15 per breed) as well as 141 crossbred beef animals for which meat quality data was available. Eighteen haplotypes were inferred with significant breed variation in haplotype frequencies. The five most frequent SNPs and the four most frequent haplotypes were subsequently tested for association with sensory and technological measures of meat quality in the crossbred population. SNP1, SNP3 and SNP4 (which were subsequently designated regulatory SNPs) and SNP5 were associated with traits that contribute to sensorial and technological measurements of tenderness and texture; Haplotype 1 and haplotype 4 were oppositely correlated with traits contributing to tenderness (P < 0.05). While no single SNP was associated with intramuscular fat (IMF), a clear association with increased IMF and juiciness was observed for haplotype 2. Conclusion The conclusion from this study is that alleles defining haplotypes 2 and 4 could usefully contribute to marker SNP panels used to select individuals with improved IMF\\/juiciness or tenderness in a genome-assisted selection framework.

  7. Les parcs des porcelainiers Haviland

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    Colette Chabrely

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Les parcs du Reynou et de Mont-Méry en Limousin, anciennes propriétés des porcelainiers Haviland, présentent l’un et l’autre un grand intérêt paysager et botanique. Dans les deux cas, l’attribution de la création est incertaine. Cet article propose pour le Reynou une analyse de documents figurés anciens permettant de préciser la chronologie des travaux du château et du parc. Pour Mont-Méry il s’agit de poser de nouveaux jalons pour une étude plus approfondie des sources et de la composition des jardins afin d’envisager de nouvelles pistes pour leur attribution.The Reynou and Mont-Méry parks near Limoges originally belonged to the city’s porcelain manufacturers, the Havilands. Both parks are of considerable interest in terms of their landscaping and their botany. In both cases, there is some uncertainty as to the identity of their designers. This article offers an analysis of the graphic representations of the Reynou park, clarifying the chronology of the creation of the château and its park. For the Mont-Méry park, the aim is to offer some guidelines for further research in the source material and on the design of the park itself, perhaps allowing for the designer to be identified.

  8. EFFECT OF FSH β-SUB UNIT AND FSHR GENES POLYMORPHISMS ON SUPEROVULATORY RESPONSE TRAITS

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    E. Andreas

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH is a pituitary expressed glycoprotein hormone that regulatesreproduction in mammals which composed of α and β-sub unit. The β-sub unit dictates its bindingspecificity with their receptor (FSHR. This study aimed to identify polymorphism of FSH β-sub unitand FSHR genes, and its effect to superovulatory response traits on superovulated cows. Study was doneon 32 cows including Angus, Friesian Holstein (FH, Limousin, Simmental and Brahman in CipelangLivestock Embryo Center. Cows used have been treated superovulation and mated by artificialinsemination. Superovulation response (SR, ovulation rate (OR, fertilization percentage (FP andviable transfer embryo percentage (VP were analyzed to investigate the effect of FSH β-sub unit andFSHR polymorphism. Allele frequency of FSH β-sub unit|PstI and FSH|AluI were opposite withinspecies. Mostly B allele and C allele for FSH β-sub unit and FSHR respectively have a high number inBos taurus species while those were in contrast in Bos indicus species. The highest heterozygosity wasfound in FH cattle (0.250 for FSH β-sub unit and Brahman (0.333 for FSHR. Significant effect was found between FSHR gene polymorphism with ovulation rate where CC genotype was higher (P<0.05than CG and GG genotypes.

  9. On the origin of Indonesian cattle.

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    Kusdiantoro Mohamad

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Two bovine species contribute to the Indonesian livestock, zebu (Bos indicus and banteng (Bos javanicus, respectively. Although male hybrid offspring of these species is not fertile, Indonesian cattle breeds are supposed to be of mixed species origin. However, this has not been documented and is so far only supported by preliminary molecular analysis. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Analysis of mitochondrial, Y-chromosomal and microsatellite DNA showed a banteng introgression of 10-16% in Indonesian zebu breeds. East-Javanese Madura and Galekan cattle have higher levels of autosomal banteng introgression (20-30% and combine a zebu paternal lineage with a predominant (Madura or even complete (Galekan maternal banteng origin. Two Madura bulls carried taurine Y-chromosomal haplotypes, presumably of French Limousin origin. In contrast, we did not find evidence for zebu introgression in five populations of the Bali cattle, a domestic form of the banteng. CONCLUSIONS: Because of their unique species composition Indonesian cattle represent a valuable genetic resource, which potentially may also be exploited in other tropical regions.

  10. Effectiveness of a 95 SNP panel for the screening of breed label fraud in the Chinese meat market.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rogberg-Muñoz, A; Wei, S; Ripoli, M V; Guo, B L; Carino, M H; Lirón, J P; Prando, A J; Vaca, R J A; Peral-García, P; Wei, Y M; Giovambattista, G

    2016-01-01

    Breed assignment has proved to be useful to control meat trade and protect the value of special productions. Meat-related frauds have been detected in China; therefore, 95 SNPs selected from the ISAG core panel were evaluated to develop an automated and technologically updated tool to screen breed label fraud in the Chinese meat market. A total of 271 animals from four Chinese yellow cattle (CYC) populations, six Bos taurus breeds, two Bos indicus and one composite were used. The allocation test distinguished European, Japanese and Zebu breeds, and two Chinese genetic components. It correctly allocated Japanese Black, Zebu and British breeds in 100, 90 and 89% of samples, respectively. CYC evidenced the Zebu, Holstein and Limousin introgression. The test did not detect CYC components in any of the 25 samples from Argentinean butchers. The method could be useful to certify Angus, Hereford and Japanese Black meat, but a modification in the panel would be needed to differentiate other breeds. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  11. The relationship of physical and chemical conditions of CEP diluent with egg yolk addition to bull spermatozoa quality before and after storage at temperaturof 4-5°C

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ducha, N.; Hariani, D.; Budijastuti, W.

    2018-01-01

    Storage of semen requires diluent to dilute semen and maintain sperm quality. One of the diluent for bull semen was CEP. The purpose of this study was to assess the association of bull spermatozoa quality with the physical and chemical conditions of CEP diluents with the addition of egg yolk before and after the storage process. The study used Limousin bull with 5 replications. The quality of spermatozoa included motility and viability. Physical and chemical conditions included the pH and osmolarity of the diluent. The motility of spermatozoa was observed under a light microscope with 200 X magnification at 37°C by two people. The viability of spermatozoa was observed under a light microscope with 400 X magnification with nigrosine eosin staining. Data were analyzed with ANOVA and continued Duncan’s test. Dilution pH was measured using pH indicator paper ranging from 6-8. The osmolarity of the diluent was measured by electrical osmolarity. The results showed that the addition of egg yolk in the CEP diluent decreased the pH and increased osmolartitas, but the quality of spermatozoa can be kept up to 8 days of storage. The conclusion in this study was the addition of egg yolk in the CEP diluent provided physical and chemical conditions that can maintain the quality of spermatozoa during storage at a temperature of 4-5 ° C.

  12. Free radical scavenging activities measured by electron spin resonance spectroscopy and B16 cell antiproliferative behaviors of seven plants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calliste, C A; Trouillas, P; Allais, D P; Simon, A; Duroux, J L

    2001-07-01

    In an effort to discover new antioxidant natural compounds, seven plants that grow in France (most of them in the Limousin countryside) were screened. Among these plants, was the extensively studied Vitis vinifera as reference. For each plant, sequential percolation was realized with five solvents of increasing polarities (hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate, methanol, and water). Free radical scavenging activities were examined in different systems using electron spin resonance (ESR) spectroscopy. These assays were based on the stable free radical 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), the hydroxyl radicals generated by a Fenton reaction, and the superoxide radicals generated by the X/XO system. Antiproliferative behavior was studied on B16 melanoma cells. ESR results showed that three plants (Castanea sativa, Filipendula ulmaria, and Betula pendula) possessed, for the most polar fractions (presence of phenolic compounds), high antioxidant activities in comparison with the Vitis vinifera reference. Gentiana lutea was the only one that presented a hydroxyl scavenging activity for the ethyl acetate and chloroform fractions. The antiproliferative test results showed that the same three plants are the most effective, but for the apolar fractions (chloroform and hexane).

  13. Regulatory polymorphisms in the bovine Ankyrin 1 gene promoter are associated with tenderness and intramuscular fat content

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sweeney Torres

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Recent QTL and gene expression studies have highlighted ankyrins as positional and functional candidate genes for meat quality. Our objective was to characterise the promoter region of the bovine ankyrin 1 gene and to test polymorphisms for association with sensory and technological meat quality measures. Results Seven novel promoter SNPs were identified in a 1.11 kb region of the ankyrin 1 promoter in Angus, Charolais and Limousin bulls (n = 15 per breed as well as 141 crossbred beef animals for which meat quality data was available. Eighteen haplotypes were inferred with significant breed variation in haplotype frequencies. The five most frequent SNPs and the four most frequent haplotypes were subsequently tested for association with sensory and technological measures of meat quality in the crossbred population. SNP1, SNP3 and SNP4 (which were subsequently designated regulatory SNPs and SNP5 were associated with traits that contribute to sensorial and technological measurements of tenderness and texture; Haplotype 1 and haplotype 4 were oppositely correlated with traits contributing to tenderness (P Conclusion The conclusion from this study is that alleles defining haplotypes 2 and 4 could usefully contribute to marker SNP panels used to select individuals with improved IMF/juiciness or tenderness in a genome-assisted selection framework.

  14. The test about blood serum capabilities in maintaining the quality of bull spermatozoa during storage in cep diluent at refrigerator temperature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ducha, Nur

    2018-03-01

    The storage of spermatozoa requires a protective material from cold shock events and the presence of free radicals.In CEP diluent contain BSA, that was used as spermatozoa protection. This study aim was to examine the ability of cow blood serum in replacing BSA as spermatozoa protective in CEP diluent. Fresh semen from Limousin bull was diluted with CEP diluent + BSA as control, in the treatment group were CEP without BSA, but replaced with 3%, 5%, and 7% serum from fresh blood. Spermatozoa quality tests included motility and viability. The motility of spermatozoa was observed by two people using a light microscope with 200 X magnification at temperature of 37°C. The method of viability observation was eosin nigrosin staining, and observed under a light microscope with 400 X magnification. The results showed that the replacement of cow blood serum with various concentrations gave different effects on the quality of spermatozoa. The best motility and viability of the treatment group was at serum concentrations of 5% after eight days storage and was not significantly different from the controls. The conclusion in this study was cow blood serum can replace BSA in CEP diluents.

  15. Effect of crossbreeding on market value of calves from dairy cows

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    G. Bittante

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Market values (¤/kg of calves obtained from six paternal breeds , Brown Swiss (BS, Holstein Friesian (HF, Simmental (SI, Alpine Grey (AG, Limousin (LI and Belgian Blue (BB, and four maternal breeds (BS, HF, SI, AG, were studied in order to estimate the crossbreeding effects. A total of 58,877 calves sold during 143 weekly auctions from 2003 to 2005 in Bolzano in Italy near the Austrian border, were analyzed using ANOVA procedure according to a linear model that included the effects of cross, sex and age of the calf, year and month of the auction. Coefficient of determination (R2 was 0.84; cross and sex effects resulted the most important. The BBxSI calves showed the highest commercial value (7.01 ¤/kg, while the BS purebreds the lowest one (2.74 ¤/kg. The LI and BB breeds used as sire breeds showed the greater commercial prices when crossbred with SI and AG respect to BS and HF. However, BB resulted the best sire breed. On average male calves showed greater commercial values than female ones (5.16 vs. 4.44 ¤/kg, but in HF and BS purebreds the commercial value of males and females was similar.

  16. Predicting Madura cattle growth curve using non-linear model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Widyas, N.; Prastowo, S.; Widi, T. S. M.; Baliarti, E.

    2018-03-01

    Madura cattle is Indonesian native. It is a composite breed that has undergone hundreds of years of selection and domestication to reach nowadays remarkable uniformity. Crossbreeding has reached the isle of Madura and the Madrasin, a cross between Madura cows and Limousine semen emerged. This paper aimed to compare the growth curve between Madrasin and one type of pure Madura cows, the common Madura cattle (Madura) using non-linear models. Madura cattles are kept traditionally thus reliable records are hardly available. Data were collected from small holder farmers in Madura. Cows from different age classes (5years) were observed, and body measurements (chest girth, body length and wither height) were taken. In total 63 Madura and 120 Madrasin records obtained. Linear model was built with cattle sub-populations and age as explanatory variables. Body weights were estimated based on the chest girth. Growth curves were built using logistic regression. Results showed that within the same age, Madrasin has significantly larger body compared to Madura (plogistic models fit better for Madura and Madrasin cattle data; with the estimated MSE for these models were 39.09 and 759.28 with prediction accuracy of 99 and 92% for Madura and Madrasin, respectively. Prediction of growth curve using logistic regression model performed well in both types of Madura cattle. However, attempts to administer accurate data on Madura cattle are necessary to better characterize and study these cattle.

  17. A comparison of purebred Holstein-Friesian and Holstein-Friesian × beef breed bulls for beef production and carcass traits

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arto Kalevi Huuskonen

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to determine beef production traits of purebred Holstein-Friesian (Hol and Hol×beef breed crossbred bulls. The data collected from slaughterhouses included observations of 87323 purebred Hol, 783 Hol×Aberdeen angus (Hol×Ab, 621 Hol×Blonde d’Aquitaine (Hol×Ba, 562 Hol×Charolais (Hol×Ch, 349 Hol×Hereford (Hol×Hf, 1691 Hol×Limousin (Hol×Li and 570 Hol×Simmental (Hol×Si bulls. For estimating valuable cuttings also a separate dataset was collected and included observations of 8806 purebred Hol, 57 Hol×Ab, 29 Hol×Ba, 22 Hol×Ch, 15 Hol×Hf, 111 Hol×Li and 58 Hol×Si bulls. Crossbreeding Hol cows with late maturing breeds (Ba, Ch, Li, Si had favorable effects on carcass gain, conformation and proportion of high value joints of the progeny when compared to purebred Hol bulls. No advantages in proportion of valuable cuttings seemed to be obtained by crossbreeding with Ab or Hf breeds, while the improvements in gain and conformation were intermediate compared to the late maturing crossbreds.

  18. Implementation of a parentage control system in Portuguese beef-cattle with a panel of microsatellite markers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Inês Carolino

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available A study was conducted to assess the feasibility of applying a panel of 10 microsatellite markers in parentage control of beef cattle in Portugal. In the first stage, DNA samples were collected from 475 randomly selected animals of the Charolais, Limousin and Preta breeds. Across breeds and genetic markers, means for average number of alleles, effective number of alleles, expected heterozygosity and polymorphic information content, were 8.20, 4.43, 0.733 and 0.70, respectively. Enlightenment from the various markers differed among breeds, but the set of 10 markers resulted in a combined probability above 0.9995 in the ability to exclude a random putative parent. The marker-set thus developed was later used for parentage control in a group of 140 calves from several breeds, where there was the suspicion of possible faulty parentage recording. Overall, 76.4% of the calves in this group were compatible with the recorded parents, with most incompatibilities due to misidentification of the dam. Efforts must be made to improve the quality of pedigree information, with particular emphasis on information recorded at the calf's birth.

  19. Diets of differentially processed wheat alter ruminal fermentation parameters and microbial populations in beef cattle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, S Z; Yang, Z B; Yang, W R; Li, Z; Zhang, C Y; Liu, X M; Wan, F C

    2015-11-01

    The influences of differently processed wheat products on rumen fermentation, microbial populations, and serum biochemistry profiles in beef cattle were studied. Four ruminally cannulated Limousin × Luxi beef cattle (400 ± 10 kg) were used in the experiment with a 4 × 4 Latin square design. The experimental diets contained (on a DM basis) 60% corn silage as a forage source and 40% concentrate with 4 differently processed wheat products (extruded, pulverized, crushed, and rolled wheat). Concentrations of ruminal NH-N and microbial protein (MCP) in cattle fed crushed and rolled wheat were greater ( Ruminal concentrations of total VFA and acetate and the ratio of acetate to propionate decreased ( 0.05). Our findings suggest that the method of wheat processing could have a significant effect on ruminal fermentation parameters and microbial populations in beef cattle and that crushed and rolled processing is better in terms of ruminal NH-N and MCP content, acetate-to-propionate ratio, and relative abundance of rumen microorganisms.

  20. Effect of type of forage offered and breed on performance of crossbred suckler heifers and their calves

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    M. MANNINEN

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Thirty Hereford-Ayrshire (HfAy and 29 Limousine-Ayrshire (LiAy spring-calving heifers in calf to a Aberdeen Angus (Ab bull were used to study the effects of cow breed and winter diet on performance. The diets were either primarily based on hay (H, of dry matter (DM intake, silage or silage (S, of DM intake, hay . In addition, animals were offered 1.0 kg milled barley per head daily for two months prior to calving and 1.5 kg/day from calving until grazing commenced. Animals also had free access to barley straw. During the indoor feeding period from 15 December to 1 June HfAy-heifers consumed slightly but not significantly more feed DM, metabolizable energy and AAT (amino acids absorbed from the small intestine than LiAy-heifers on both diets. At the start of the experiment LiAy- and HfAy-heifers were 572 and 596 (P

  1. [ A registry of ischaemic cardiopathies among active workers at Electricité de France-Gaz de France. Program development and first results].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chevalier, A; Zins, M; Godard, C; Morin, J; Jourdain, V; François, F; Lambrozo, J; Goldberg, M; Ducimetière, P

    2001-02-01

    The social security department of the French national electric and gas company has established an ischemic heart disease register among a population of about 140 000 employees based on sick leaves as well as deaths recorded with their medical cause. History of the illness, medical tests and treatments were known retrospectively from the consulting physicians of the company. Acute coronary events recorded were: inaugural angina pectoris, myocardial infarction, sudden coronary death and fortuitous discovery of coronary disease. A first study conducted on employees during the 1993-1995 period showed infarction incidence age rates similar to those estimated from the French MONICA registers for France as a whole. Regional discrepancies were observed for myocardial infarction rates: Nord-Pas de Calais, Champagne-Ardennes, Lorraine, Franche-Comté and Limousin were at the most elevated risk (SIR=131, 155, 169, 125 and 178 resp). Large variations according to socio-economic status were observed. This register will permit studies on the links between socio-economic status at different professional career points and the occurrence of ischemic heart disease and the evaluation of the impact of psychosocial factors such as previous depressive disorders.

  2. Former uranium mine-induced effects in caged roach: a multiparametric approach for the evaluation of in situ metal toxicity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gagnaire, Béatrice; Bado-Nilles, Anne; Betoulle, Stéphane; Amara, Rachid; Camilleri, Virginie; Cavalié, Isabelle; Chadili, Edith; Delahaut, Laurence; Kerambrun, Elodie; Orjollet, Daniel; Palluel, Olivier; Sanchez, Wilfried

    2015-01-01

    To characterize environmental risks linked to former uranium mines in the Limousin region of France, a study was conducted on fish health effects from uranium releases. Two private ponds were compared in this study, one with uranium contamination and one background site, upstream of the mining zone. Roach, Rutilus rutilus, were caged for 28 days in both ponds. Physico-chemical parameters of water and sediments and bioaccumulation of metals in several organs were determined. After 14 and 28 days of caging, immune, oxidative stress, biotransformation, neurotoxicity and physiological parameters were measured. Iron and aluminium were quantified in the water of both sites; however, barium and manganese were only present in the water of the uranium contaminated site. Uranium was present in both sites but at very different concentrations. The sediments from the uranium contaminated site contained high levels of radioactive elements coming from the disintegration chain of uranium. Results of biological parameters indicated stimulation of immune parameters and of oxidative stress and a decrease of AChE in fish caged in the uranium contaminated pond compared to the uranium-free pond. Overall, the results determined roach health status in the context of pollution from poly-metallic mining. The data strengthen our knowledge of the environmental risk assessment associated with radioactive substances in the environment.

  3. Carotenoids and fat-soluble vitamins in horse tissues: a comparison with cattle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Álvarez, R; Meléndez-Martínez, A J; Vicario, I M; Alcalde, M J

    2015-07-01

    Carotenoids are important for human health because of their provitamin A function among other biological actions. Their implication on consumer point of view of cattle products have been widely studied, but very little information is available for horse products. The aim of this study was to study the accumulation of carotenoids, retinoids and tocopherol by HPLC and HPLC-MS analysis in different horse tissues (plasma, milk, adipose tissue and liver) and compare it with that of cattle. Fat color was also studied. Four groups of animals were studied (15 animals within each group): lactating mares (709.82±23.09 kg) and cows (576.93±31.94 kg) reared outdoors; and foals (556.8±25.9 kg, 14 months old) and calves (474.7±36.2 kg, 14 months old) reared indoors. Both mares and foals were from the Hispano-Breton breed, whereas both cows and calves belonged to the commercial crossbred Limousine-Retinta. Differences in plasma and milk carotenoids (P0.05). Both species showed different levels of accumulation of retinoids in the liver, with the foal having better accumulation (Pcarotenoids, retinol and tocopherol, but further studies are required to establish the mechanism of these differences.

  4. Factors associated with the number of calves born to Norwegian beef suckler cows.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holmøy, Ingrid H; Nelson, Sindre T; Martin, Adam D; Nødtvedt, Ane

    2017-05-01

    A retrospective cohort study was performed to evaluate factors associated with the number of calves born to Norwegian beef suckler cows. Production data from 20,541 cows in 2210 herds slaughtered over a three-year period (1st of January 2010 to 23rd of January 2013) were extracted from the national beef cattle registry. This study's inclusion criteria were met for 16,917 cows (from 1858 herds) which gave birth to 50,578 calves. The median number of calves born per cow was 2 (min 1, max 18). Two multilevel Poisson regression models with herd random effects showed that early maturing breeds (Hereford and Aberdeen Angus) gave birth to more calves than late maturing breeds (Charolais and Limousin) in four out of five areas of Norway. The significant breed-region interaction indicated that the coastal South East region of Norway, which has a relatively long growing season and gentle topography, yielded the highest number of calves born for all but one breed (Simmental). Cows that needed assistance or experienced dystocia at their first calving produced fewer calves than those that did not: incidence rate ratio 0.87 (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.84-0.91) for assistance and 0.70 (95% CI: 0.66-0.75) for dystocia, respectively. Cows in larger herds (>30 cows) produced 11% more calves in their lifetime compared to cows in smaller herds (≤30 cows) (Pcow. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  5. COMPORTAMENTO INGESTIVO DE TOURINHOS ALIMENTADOS COM DIETAS CONTENDO NÍVEIS DE GÉRMEN DE MILHO INTEGRAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabrícia Rocha Chaves Miotto

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available This research was conducted to assess the ingestive behavior during 24 hours in eight periods of the day of 24 Limousin x Nellore young bulls in feedlot, fed with diets containing 0; 15; 30 and 45% of whole corn germ. At 9 a.m. and 4:30 p.m., the animals were fed with a roughage:concentrate ratio of 25:75. The inclusion of whole corn germ in the diets did not affect the time spent with food intake, sleeping and other activities, neither the frequencies of water drinking, urination and defecation. Food intake occurred more often during the periods when animals were fed, spending in average 137.10 minutes with this activity. Animals slept more during the night, from 2 to 5 a.m., whereas the time spent with other activities was higher from 5 to 8 p.m. Whole corn germ levels affected the rumination and leisure time in a quadratic form, with the 30% level showing higher rumination time (28.3% of the daily time, and lower leisure time (42.24% of the daily time. Animals submitted to different levels of whole corn germ showed distinct behavior for rumination, leisure, food intake, sleeping and other activities, and frequencies of water drinking, urination and defecation, during the different periods of the day. The inclusion of whole corn germ to the diet of bovines provides greater rumination time and modifies the distribution of this activity during the day.

  6. Referral bias in ALS epidemiological studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Logroscino, Giancarlo; Marin, Benoit; Piccininni, Marco; Arcuti, Simona; Chiò, Adriano; Hardiman, Orla; Rooney, James; Zoccolella, Stefano; Couratier, Philippe; Preux, Pierre-Marie; Beghi, Ettore

    2018-01-01

    Despite concerns about the representativeness of patients from ALS tertiary centers as compared to the ALS general population, the extent of referral bias in clinical studies remains largely unknown. Using data from EURALS consortium we aimed to assess nature, extent and impact of referral bias. Four European ALS population-based registries located in Ireland, Piedmont, Puglia, Italy, and Limousin, France, covering 50 million person-years, participated. Demographic and clinic characteristics of ALS patients diagnosed in tertiary referral centers were contrasted with the whole ALS populations enrolled in registries in the same geographical areas. Patients referred to ALS centers were younger (with difference ranging from 1.1 years to 2.4 years), less likely to present a bulbar onset, with a higher proportion of familial antecedents and a longer survival (ranging from 11% to 15%) when compared to the entire ALS population in the same geographic area. A trend for referral bias is present in cohorts drawn from ALS referral centers. The magnitude of the possible referral bias in a particular tertiary center can be estimated through a comparison with ALS patients drawn from registry in the same geographic area. Studies based on clinical cohorts should be cautiously interpreted. The presence of a registry in the same area may improve the complete ascertainment in the referral center.

  7. Características de carcaça e qualidade de carne de novilhos superprecoces de três grupos genéticos Carcass characteristics and beef quality of young bulls from three genetic groups

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    Patrícia Maria Ribeiro Campos Pereira

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar parâmetros de carcaça, características físico-químicas e de qualidade de carne de novilhos machos superprecoces. Foram avaliados três grupos raciais com 8 animais Nelore (N, 18 ¼ Abeerden Angus ½ Nelore (AN e 18 ½ Limousin ¼ Abeerden Angus ¼ Nelore (LAN, com idade entre 7,5 e 11,5 meses no início do experimento, abatidos após 143 dias de confinamento. Os animais AN apresentaram maior peso ao abate, ganho médio diário de peso, peso de carcaça e comprimento de carcaça; os animais LAN apresentaram maior rendimento de carcaça e área de olho de lombo. Os animais LAN apresentaram 72% de carcaças convexas, enquanto 83% das carcaças dos animais AN e 100% das carcaças dos animais N foram classificadas como subconvexas. Os grupos LAN e AN não apresentaram diferença significativa nos valores de força de cisalhamento, o que indica a possibilidade de utilização da proporção de 50% do genótipo Bos indicus sem prejuízo para a maciez da carne. As características de carcaça e carne dos animais dos grupos genéticos NA, LAN e N estão em conformidade com as especificações de consumo e adequadas para abate aos 15 meses de idade, o que viabiliza o sistema de produção de novilhos superprecoces.The objective of this work was to evaluate carcass parameters, physicochemical characteristics and quality of meat of young bulls. Three genetic groups with 8 Nelore (N, 18 ½ Abeerden Angus ½ Nelore (AN, and 18 ½ Limousin ¼ Abeerden Angus ¼ Nelore (LAN animals, with ages varying between 7.5 and 11.5 months at the beginning of the experiment, slaughtered after 143 days of confinement, were evaluated. AN animals were heavier at slaughter and showed higher average daily weight gain, higher hot carcass weight and carcass length; LAN animals had higher carcass yield and rib-eye area. LAN animals showed 72% convex carcasses, while 83% of AN and 100% of N carcasses were classified as subconvex. LAN and AN

  8. Composição química e perfil de ácidos graxos do músculo Longissimus de bovinos de diferentes grupos genéticos terminados em confinamento = Physical-chemical composition and fatty acid profile in Longissimus muscle of young bulls from different genetic groups finished in feedlot

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    José Jorge dos Santos Abrahão

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se avaliar a composição química e o perfil de ácidos graxos do músculo Longissimus de bovinos inteiros de diferentes grupos genéticos terminados em confinamento. Foram utilizados 40 animais, com idade média de 22 meses, oriundos de quatro grupos genéticos: NGR (¼ Nelore vs. ¼ Guzerá vs. ½ Red Angus; NSM (¼ Nelore vs. ¼ Simental vs. ½ Marchigiana; NRL (¼ Nelore vs. ¼ Red Angus vs. ½ Limousin eNMM (¼ Nelore vs. ¾ Marchigiana. Após o abate e resfriamento da carcaça, foram retiradas amostras do músculo Longissimus entre a 12ª e 13ª costelas. Não houve efeito (p > 0,05 do grupo genético sobre as percentagens de umidade (74,0%, cinzas (1,0%, proteína bruta (19,0% e lipídeos totais (2,0% do músculo Longissimus. O grupo NMM apresentou menor (p 0,05 entre os grupos genéticos. A razão AGI/AGS (0,2 não diferiu. Os grupos genéticos NMM e NGR apresentaram, respectivamente, maior (8,5% e menor (5,6% percentagem de ácidos graxos n-6 e maior (5,5 e menor (4,0 razão n-6 n-3-1.This work was undertaken to study the physical-chemical composition and fatty acid profile in the Longissimus muscle of young bulls from different genetic groups finished in feedlot. Forty animals were used, with average age of 22 months, from four genetic groups: NGR (¼ Nelore vs. ¼ Guzerá vs. ½ Red Angus; NSM (¼ Nelore vs. ¼ Simental vs. ½ Marchigiana; NRL (¼ Nelore vs. ¼ Red Angus vs. ½ Limousin and NMM (¼ Nelore vs. ¾ Marchigiana. After slaughter and carcass chilling, Longissimus muscle samples were collected between the 12th and 13th ribs. There was no genetic group effect (p > 0.05 on muscle moisture (74.0%, ash (1.0%, crude protein (19.0% and total lipids (2.0%. The NMM group presented the lowest (p 0.05 among the genetic groups. The AGS/AGI ratio (0.2 was similar. The NMM and NGR groups presented, respectively, the highest (8.5% and the lowest (5.6% ratios of n-6 fatty acids and the highest (5.5 and thelowest (4.0 n-6 n-3

  9. Composição química e perfil de ácidos graxos do músculo Longissimus de bovinos de diferentes grupos genéticos terminados em confinamento - DOI: 10.4025/actascianimsci.v30i4.465 Physical-chemical composition and fatty acids profile in Longissimus muscle of young bulls from different genetic groups finished in feedlot - DOI: 10.4025/actascianimsci.v30i4.465

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    Jesuí Virgílio Visantainer

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se avaliar a composição química e o perfil de ácidos graxos do músculo Longissimus de bovinos inteiros de diferentes grupos genéticos terminados em confinamento. Foram utilizados 40 animais, com idade média de 22 meses, oriundos de quatro grupos genéticos: NGR (¼ Nelore vs. ¼ Guzerá vs. ½ Red Angus; NSM (¼ Nelore VS. ¼ Simental vs. ½ Marchigiana; NRL (¼ Nelore VS. ¼ Red Angus vs. ½ Limousin e NMM (¼ Nelore VS. ¾ Marchigiana. Após o abate e resfriamento da carcaça, foram retiradas amostras do músculo Longissimus entre a 12ª e 13ª costelas. Não houve efeito (p > 0,05 do grupo genético sobre as percentagens de umidade (74,0%, cinzas (1,0%, proteína bruta (19,0% e lipídeos totais (2,0% do músculo Longissimus. O grupo NMM apresentou menor (p 0,05 entre os grupos genéticos. A razão AGI/AGS (0,2 não diferiu. Os grupos genéticos NMM e NGR apresentaram, respectivamente, maior (8,5% e menor (5,6% percentagem de ácidos graxos n-6 e maior (5,5 e menor (4,0 razão n-6 n-3-1.This work was undertaken to study physical-chemical composition and fatty acids profile in Longissimus muscle of young bulls from different genetic groups finished in feedlot. Fourty animals were used, with average age of 22 months, from four genetic groups: NGR (¼ Nelore vs. ¼ Guzerá vs. ½ Red Angus; NSM (¼ Nelore vs. ¼ Simental vs. ½ Marchigiana; NRL (¼ Nelore vs. ¼ Red Angus vs. ½ Limousin and NMM (¼ Nelore vs. ¾ Marchigiana. After slaughter and chilled of carcass, Longissimus muscle samples between 12th and 13th rib were collected. The fatty acid composition was evaluated using the gas chromatograph. There was no genetic group effect (P>0.05 on muscle moisture (74.0%, ash (1.0%, crude protein (19.0% and total lipids (2.0%. The group NMM presented the lowest (P0.05 between the genetic groups. The AGS/AGI reason (0.2 was similar. The NMM and NGR groups presented, respectively, the highest (8.5% and the lowest (5.6% proportion of n

  10. Contribution to the study of french pitchblendes; Contribution a l'etude des pechblendes francaises

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Geffroy, J. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Lab. de Mineralogie, Centre de Chatillon (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires; Sarcia, J.A. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Div. de la Crouzille, Haute Vienne (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1955-07-01

    Limousin, de Grury, de Lachaux et de Vendee, indices du Sud Massif Central et indices des Vosges (a propos desquels est abordee la question des ''materiaux carbones uraniferes''). La conclusion constitue une tentative de classification des filons uraniferes francais. Ceux-ci, de type epithermal dominant, sont pauvres en minerais satellites. Trois types de formations sont distinguees: type a pechblende massive (dominant en Limousin), type siliceux (dominant a Lachaux), type fluore (dominant a Grury). Tous ces gites comme au Portugal, recoupent les granites, et sont tres differents des formations uraniferes a Ni, Co, Bi, Ag, U d'Europe Centrale. Les auteurs enfin exposent que quelques idees relatives a la formation de la pechblende, et tentent de faire ressortir pour l'ensemble de l'aire hercynienne europeenne une repartition particuliere des types paragenetiques. (auteurs)

  11. Composição centesimal e perfil de ácidos graxos da carne de novilho precoce alimentado com lipídios protegidos Centesimal composition and fatty acids profile of veal calves fed protected lipids

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivy Scorzi Cazelli Pires

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available É crescente a preocupação da população em ingerir dietas mais saudáveis, mantendo adequado o nível de colesterol plasmático, com conseqüente redução na incidência de doenças cardiovasculares. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a composição centesimal e o perfil de ácidos graxos da carne de novilho precoce de quatro grupos genéticos: Nelore (R1, Nelore x Canchin (R2, Nelore x Limousin (R3 e Nelore x Aberdeen Angus (R4, alimentados com dieta normal (D1 ou por outra constituída por lipídios protegidos (D2. Determinaram-se os teores de umidade, proteína, lipídios totais, resíduo mineral fixo e o perfil de ácidos graxos. Não foram encontradas diferenças para os teores de umidade, proteína, lipídios totais, Ácidos Graxos Saturados (AGS e Ácidos Graxos Monoinsaturados (AGMI. A dieta protegida ocasionou aumento do teor total de Ácidos Graxos Poliinsaturados (AGPI, quando comparada à D1. Por sua vez, animais que receberam D1 apresentaram maior teor de AGPI w-3 que os da D2. Verificou-se que as técnicas de nutrição animal utilizadas neste estudo garantiram um produto com maior teor de AGPI, característica esta desejável na saúde humana. Fazem-se necessários novos estudos, utilizando-se modelos experimentais, para que sejam avaliados os efeitos da carne de novilho precoce na colesterolemia.Nowadays, the concern about ingesting healthier diets, maintaining adequate plasma cholesterol level, and consequent reduction on the incidence of cardiovascular diseases has been growing. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the centesimal composition and the fatty acids profile of calves of four different genetic groups: Nelore (R1, Nelore x Canchin (R2, Nelore x Limousin (R3, and Nelore x Aberdeen Angus (R4, fed basal diet (D1 or a diet with protected lipids (D2. No differences were observed for the contents of moisture, protein, total lipids, saturated fatty acids, and monounsaturated fatty acids. The protected diet

  12. Genetic characterisation of PPARG, CEBPA and RXRA, and their influence on meat quality traits in cattle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Estanislao Goszczynski

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARG, CCAAT/enhancer binding protein alpha (CEBPA and retinoid X receptor alpha (RXRA are nuclear transcription factors that play important roles in regulation of adipogenesis and fat deposition. The objectives of this study were to characterise the variability of these three candidate genes in a mixed sample panel composed of several cattle breeds with different meat quality, validate single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs in a local crossbred population (Angus - Hereford - Limousin and evaluate their effects on meat quality traits (backfat thickness, intramuscular fat content and fatty acid composition, supporting the association tests with bioinformatic predictive studies. Results Globally, nine SNPs were detected in the PPARG and CEBPA genes within our mixed panel, including a novel SNP in the latter. Three of these nine, along with seven other SNPs selected from the Single Nucleotide Polymorphism database (SNPdb, including SNPs in the RXRA gene, were validated in the crossbred population (N = 260. After validation, five of these SNPs were evaluated for genotype effects on fatty acid content and composition. Significant effects were observed on backfat thickness and different fatty acid contents (P < 0.05. Some of these SNPs caused slight differences in mRNA structure stability and/or putative binding sites for proteins. Conclusions PPARG and CEBPA showed low to moderate variability in our sample panel. Variations in these genes, along with RXRA, may explain part of the genetic variation in fat content and composition. Our results may contribute to knowledge about genetic variation in meat quality traits in cattle and should be evaluated in larger independent populations.

  13. [Changing the teaching of neurosurgery with information technology].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moreau, Jean-Jacques; Caire, François; Kalamarides, Michel; Mireau, Etienne; Dauger, Frédéric; Coignac, Marie-Jo; Charlin, Bernard

    2009-10-01

    A digital campus is a distance learning site that uses the potential of information and communication technologies to disseminate and improve educational services. This website, with open and free access, is built from free software with Web 2.0 technology. It is hosted at the University of Limoges. It functions as a digital library, containing scanned books, slide shows, more than 200 hours of recorded courses and round tables accessible by streaming video. The site is indexed according to the users' needs, by level of knowledge, specialty, keywords, and supplementary MeSH terms. The campus is organized as the College of Neurosurgery (http://college.neurochirurgie.fr). The durability of this type of training (in existence for 9 years now) is made possible by a powerful and committed consortium: the French Society of Neurosurgery, which has created high-quality intellectual and scientific resources, the University of Limoges, the Dupuytren University Hospital Center in Limoges, the region of Limousin, and the French-language Virtual Medical University, which have provided logistic and financial support. To target appropriate levels at various users, we distinguished four groups: medical students, neurosurgery students, neurosurgeons (continuing medical education), and students in allied health fields. All areas of neurosurgery are concerned. All the courses, including tests for self-evaluation and scientific meetings (organized with information and communication technologies) are digitally recorded for the site. The principles that make it possible for a medical discipline to organize around an online project are: a pedagogical conception of projects built in the form of models reusable by other health specialties; a stronghold within professional societies of the relevant specialties able to create high-quality intellectual and scientific resources; an organization by educational levels that can be extended transversally to other health disciplines; and free

  14. A survey on feedlot performance of purebred and crossbred European young bulls and heifers managed under intensive conditions in Veneto, northeast Italy

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    Luigi Gallo

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This study, based on a nearly 10-year collection of performance data of young bulls and beef heifers, aimed to benchmark production traits of specialized fattening herds of northern Italy and to compare the performance of stock calves belonging to several European genetic types (GT. Data originated from 2806 batches (a group of stock calves homogeneous for GT, origin, finishing herd, fattening period, and diets, and concerned 188,891 animals of 10 GT herded in 44 farms of the Veneto region. For each batch, average body weight (BW at arrival and at sale, duration of the fattening period, losses due to injury or death, purchase and sell price were collected, and average daily gain (ADG and net sale gain (NSG per head, per day of fattening, and per kg of BW gain were computed. Charolais and Limousine young bulls accounted for nearly 50% and 20%, respectively, of all animals, and over 90% of calves originated from France. Average BW at arrival and at slaughter approximated 370 and 650 kg, respectively, and ADG approached 1.30 kg/d, but variation due to GT was large (P<0.01. Charolais young bulls were the heaviest at slaughter and showed the greatest ADG, whereas Irish crosses produced the highest NSG per head and per day of fattening. Year affected all traits (P<0.01, but his magnitude was limited for BW at purchase or sale and for ADG, and slightly larger for NSG, even if this last trait did not evidence any long period congruent trend.

  15. Genetic variability of six French meat sheep breeds in relation to their genetic management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huby, Marie; Griffon, Laurent; Moureaux, Sophie; De Rochambeau, Hubert; Danchin-Burge, Coralie; Verrier, Etienne

    2003-01-01

    Some demographic parameters, the genetic structure and the evolution of the genetic variability of six French meat sheep breeds were analysed in relation with their management. Four of these breeds are submitted to more or less intense selection: the Berrichon du Cher (BCH), Blanc du Massif Central (BMC), Charollais (CHA) and Limousin (LIM); the other two breeds are under conservation: the Roussin de La Hague (RLH) and Solognot (SOL). Genealogical data of the recorded animals born from 1970 to 2000 and of their known ancestors were used. The most balanced contributions of the different flocks to the sire-daughter path was found in the SOL. In the BCH, a single flock provided 43% of the sire-AI sire path, whereas the contributions of the flocks were more balanced in the BMC and LIM (the only other breeds where AI is used to a substantial amount). The distribution of the expected genetic contribution of the founder animals was found to be unbalanced, especially in the BCH and LIM. The effective numbers of ancestors (founders or not) for the ewes born from 1996 to 2000 were equal to 35 (BCH), 144 (BMC), 112 (CHA), 69 (LIM), 40 (RLH) and 49 (SOL). Inbreeding was not analysed in the BMC, due to incomplete pedigree information. From 1980 on, the rates of inbreeding, in percentage points per year, were +0.112 (BCH), +0.045 (CHA), +0.036 (LIM), +0.098 (RLH) and +0.062 (SOL). The implications of the observed trends on genetic variability are discussed in relation to the genetic management of each breed. The need for a larger selection basis in the BCH, the efficiency of the rules applied in the SOL to preserve the genetic variability and the need for a more collective organisation in the CHA and RLH are outlined.

  16. The Impact of Crossbreeding in The Artificial Insemination Program on Reproductive Performance of Beef Cattle

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    Kusuma Diwyanto

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Artificial Insemination (AI in beef cattle in Indonesia is widely practised. Nowadays, the goal of AI program is not clear; whether to produce: composite breed; terminal cross or as a commercial animal. In fact, farmer assisted by inseminator do the grading up toward Simmental or Limousine. In this paper, crossbreeding impact on reproductive performance of beef cattle in Indonesia is discussed. Farmers prefer the crossbred cattle resulted from AI because its male offspring has higher price than that of local breed. However, 50% of the offspring are female and are used as replacement stock. This AI practice resulted bigger cattle that need more feed. In the scarce feed condition, this bigger cattle become skinny and in bad shape. This leads to bad reproductive performance such as high ‘service per conception’ (S/C, 'long calving interval' and 'low calf crop'. Moreover, it produces less milk and results in high mortality rate of the offspring. In good management condition, crossbred cattle shows good performance, but often ‘day open’ is longer, since weaning time is postponed. That is why long calving interval still exists eventhough the S/C is low. Local cattle are very adaptive, resistant to tropical diseases and have high reproductive rate, high quality of leather and good quality of carcass. In scarce feed condition, local cattle are skinny but still can show estrous and get pregnant. In bad condition, they produce very small offsprings that die because of lack of milk from the cow. The availability of feed supply both in quantity and quality is the key factor in AI practices to maintain good body condition of crossbred and to produce good quality of offspring.

  17. Oscillatory activity in the human basal ganglia: more than just beta, more than just Parkinson's disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alegre, Manuel; Valencia, Miguel

    2013-10-01

    The implantation of deep brain stimulators in different structures of the basal ganglia to treat neurological and psychiatric diseases has allowed the recording of local field potential activity in these structures. The analysis of these signals has helped our understanding of basal ganglia physiology in health and disease. However, there remain some major challenges and questions for the future. In a recent work, Tan et al. (Tan, H., Pogosyan, A., Anam, A., Foltynie, T., Limousin, P., Zrinzo, L., et al. 2013. Frequency specific activity in subthalamic nucleus correlates with hand bradykinesia in Parkinson's disease. Exp. Neurol. 240,122-129) take profit of these recordings to study the changes in subthalamic oscillatory activity during the hold and release phases of a grasping paradigm, and correlate the changes in different frequency bands with performance parameters. They found that beta activity was related to the release phase, while force maintenance related most to theta and gamma/HFO activity. There was no significant effect of the motor state of the patient on this latter association. These findings suggest that the alterations in the oscillatory activity of the basal ganglia in Parkinson's disease are not limited to the beta band, and they involve aspects different from movement preparation and initiation. Additionally, these results highlight the usefulness of the combination of well-designed paradigms with recordings in off and on motor states (in Parkinson's disease), or in different pathologies, in order to understand not only the pathophysiology of the diseases affecting the patients, but also the normal physiology of the basal ganglia. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  18. Genetic variability of six French meat sheep breeds in relation to their genetic management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Coralie Danchin-Burge

    2003-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Some demographic parameters, the genetic structure and the evolution of the genetic variability of six French meat sheep breeds were analysed in relation with their management. Four of these breeds are submitted to more or less intense selection: the Berrichon du Cher (BCH, Blanc du Massif Central (BMC, Charollais (CHA and Limousin (LIM; the other two breeds are under conservation: the Roussin de La Hague (RLH and Solognot (SOL. Genealogical data of the recorded animals born from 1970 to 2000 and of their known ancestors were used. The most balanced contributions of the different flocks to the sire-daughter path was found in the SOL. In the BCH, a single flock provided 43% of the sire-AI sire path, whereas the contributions of the flocks were more balanced in the BMC and LIM (the only other breeds where AI is used to a substantial amount. The distribution of the expected genetic contribution of the founder animals was found to be unbalanced, especially in the BCH and LIM. The effective numbers of ancestors (founders or not for the ewes born from 1996 to 2000 were equal to 35 (BCH, 144 (BMC, 112 (CHA, 69 (LIM, 40 (RLH and 49 (SOL. Inbreeding was not analysed in the BMC, due to incomplete pedigree information. From 1980 on, the rates of inbreeding, in percentage points per year, were +0.112 (BCH, +0.045 (CHA, +0.036 (LIM, +0.098 (RLH and +0.062 (SOL. The implications of the observed trends on genetic variability are discussed in relation to the genetic management of each breed. The need for a larger selection basis in the BCH, the efficiency of the rules applied in the SOL to preserve the genetic variability and the need for a more collective organisation in the CHA and RLH are outlined.

  19. Risk of Lung Cancer and Indoor Radon Exposure in France

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Baysson, H.; Tirmarche, M.; Tymen, G.; Ducloy, F.; Laurier, D.

    2004-01-01

    It is well established that radon exposure increases risks of lung cancer among underground miners. to estimate the lung cancer risk linked to indoor radon exposure, a hospital based case-control study was carried out in France, With a focus on precise reconstruction of past indoor radon exposure over the 30 years preceding the lung cancer diagnosis. The investigation rook place from 1992 to 1998 in four regions of France: Auvergne, Brittany, Languedoc and Limousin. During face-to-face interviews a standardized questionnaire was used to ascertain demographic characteristics, information on active and passive smoking, occupational exposure, medical history as well as extensive details on residential history. Radon concentrations were measured in the dwellings where subjects had lived at least one year during the 5-30 year period before interview. Measurements of radon concentrations were performed during a 6-month period, using two Kodalpha LR 115 detectors, one in the living room and one in the bedroom. The time-weighted average (TWA) radon concentration for a subject during the 5-30 year period before interview was based on radon concentrations over all addresses occupied by the subject weighted by the number of years spent at each address. For the time intervals without available measurements, we imputed the region-specific arithmetic average of radon concentrations for measured addresses of control subjects. Lung cancer risk was examined in relation to indoor radon exposure after adjustment for age, sex, region, cigarette smoking and occupational exposure. The estimated relative a risk per 100 Bq/m''3 was 1.04, at the borderline of statistical significance (95 percent Confidence Interval: 0.99, 1..1). These results are in agreement with results from other indoor radon case-control studies and with extrapolations from underground miners studies. (Author) 31 refs

  20. Dairy farms typology and management of animal genetic resources in the peri-urban zone of Bamako (Mali

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdoulaye Toure

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Facing growth in demand, dairy production in peri-urban areas of developing countries is changing rapidly. To characterise this development around Bamako (Mali, this study establishes a typology of dairy production systems with a special focus on animal genetic resources. The survey included 52 dairy cattle farms from six peri-urban sites. It was conducted in 2011 through two visits, in the dry and harvest seasons. The median cattle number per farm was 17 (range 5–118 and 42% of farmers owned cropland (8.3± 7.3 ha, minimum 1 ha, maximum 25 ha. Feeding strategy was a crucial variable in farm characterisation, accounting for about 85% of total expenses. The use of artificial insemination and a regular veterinary follow-up were other important parameters. According to breeders’ answers, thirty genetic profiles were identified, from local purebreds to different levels of crossbreds. Purebred animals raised were Fulani Zebu (45.8 %, Maure Zebu (9.2 %, Holstein (3.0 %, Azawak Zebu (1.3 %, Mere Zebu (0.5% and Kuri taurine (0.1 %. Holstein crossbred represented 30.5% of the total number of animals (19.0% Fulani-Holstein, 11.2% Maure-Holstein and 0.3% Kuri-Holstein. Montbéliarde, Normande and Limousin crossbreds were also found (6.6 %, 0.7% and 0.3 %, respectively. A multivariate analysis helped disaggregate the diversity of management practices. The high diversity of situations shows the need for consideration of typological characteristics for an appropriate intervention. Although strongly anchored on local breeds, the peri-urban dairy systems included a diversity of exotic cattle, showing an uncoordinated quest of breeders for innovation. Without a public intervention, this dynamic will result in an irremediable erosion of indigenous animal genetic resources.

  1. Panorama of mining activities in France during 1991

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Heinry, C.; Michel, J.C.

    1992-01-01

    1991 can be considered as year of transition during which the world economy was adapting to the new political situation arising out of the Gulf War and the collapse of the Soviet Bloc. Although a major conflict normally causes a rise in the price of gold and a high demand for base products, this time the raw materials market did not react in the normal way. The prices of almost all products dropped throughout the year, and the dollar increase (average exchange rate for the year = FF 5.65) did not compensate European industry for this drop in metal prices. The economic slowdown in America, Europe and, which is new, Japan, compounded by the consequences of CIS export, caused serious harm to western firms, including those of the European Community: seriously disrupted markets, price falls, production units in danger. The purpose of this paper is to give a panorama of mining activities in France during 1991. The French mineral sector continued with difficulty to adjust to the economic trend through reductions in staff and production capacities: the Malines Zn-Pb mine closed, uranium mines in the Vendee and Limousin closed, mining activities at the Salsigne gold mine and its refining plants stopped. The field of energy supplies saw a fall off in both coal and petroleum production. Gas production, however, rose to a level close to that of 1987. Uranium production continued to ease; in spite of a relatively stable demand, poor prices coupled with the exhaustion of certain deposits and the public's preoccupation with preserving the environment, led to mines being closed. 15 refs., 2 figs., 11 tabs

  2. The remainders of the uranium industry. Conflicts over their care

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Brunet, Philippe

    2016-01-01

    The mining industry of the uranium expanded on the metropolitan territory between 1948 and 2001, is over half a century. The region of Limousin was the zone of the most important production, the extraction of the ore in its on-the-spot concentration yellow cake. It resulted from this industry three types of remnants: the sterile, the residues and mine water. The very important mass of these remnants, sterile and residues, is bound to the wealth of extracted and handled ore. They are radioactive with one very low activity. But, considering the diminution of their radioactivity, their impact on the environment can be considered as infinity on the scale of human time. From a survey realized between 1996 and 2002, then in a more punctual way until today, the article examines the evolution of management of these remnants. It takes one's stand the notion of carrying capacity and on a socio-historic method adapted. This articulation allows the sociological analysis to show the plasticity of the carrying capacity of these remnants through the long and not discontinuous time since the exploitation until the post-exploitation. The analysis expand over three periods, which are so many different social configurations since 1948 until today: the blessed time of uranium, the nuclear discord time and the nuclear uncertainty of radioactivity time. It shows that the carrying capacity of these remnants is slowly transformed, crossing as the modality of attribution to the nature in the modality of arrangement to, completely human matter. This processing is the expression of the evolution of the social relationships which shake each of the social configurations. These relationships are formed in particular around the identification and the management of this remnants as radioactive waste, tightened between the regulations quarry and nuclear powers. To a certain extent, the preservation of this confliction which crosses these social relationships is a guarantor for a memory power

  3. Uranium deposits in France and in French overseas territories; Les gisements d'uranium de la France metropolitaine et des territoires francais d'Outre-Mer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Roubault, M [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1955-07-01

    The discover of radium element by Pierre and Marie Curie in 1898 activated the uranium ores prospecting in France and its overseas territories. Before 1945, rare and poor deposits were found with only one being operated in Madagascar and the production of nobiantalates from washing of pegmatitic eluvium. Since the setting up of the Research and Mines Department in the C.E.A. and the training of specialized exploration teams as well as the use of Geiger counters, the uranium ores prospecting has been largely developed in France. The mineralogical data resulting from studies during the pre-war period led to the discover of four main uranium ores content areas: La Crouzille deposit in Limousin characterized by large presence of pitchblende, the Bauzot deposit with massive presence of pitchblende as well, discover of mineralization traces in the Bois Noirs area where a rich uranium ore lodes were discovered afterwards and finally the madagascar deposit. Few other areas have been prospected and have got good evidences of uranium ores presence. The majority of French uranium deposits have got an 'hydrothermal' vein type with localized pitchblende or a secondary mineralization type. It described the different deposits by region and in chronological order of discover. The structural aspect and petrographic studies are discussed. The metallogenic study shows the presence of large mineralization in the French Hercynian massif. After ten years of uranium ores prospecting and mines work, it shows that France possesses numerous uranium deposits which can be qualified as large deposits and the minerals ores prospecting revealed that many deposits sites would be payable in the near future. (M.P.)

  4. Variation in bull beef quality due to ultimate muscle pH is correlated to endopeptidase and small heat shock protein levels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pulford, D J; Dobbie, P; Fraga Vazquez, S; Fraser-Smith, E; Frost, D A; Morris, C A

    2009-09-01

    This study set out to determine if ultimate pH (pH(u)) affected the performance of intracellular small heat shock protein and endopeptidase dynamics in muscle during beef ageing. Longissimus dorsi muscles from 39 Angus or Limousin×Angus bulls were examined to see if pH(u) achieved at 22h post mortem (rigor) affected tenderness and water holding capacity of beef. Samples were segregated into three pH(u) groups termed high (pH>6.3), intermediate (5.7pHpHpH(u) beef. More than 30% of bull beef did not achieve acceptable tenderness at 8 days post mortem with this ageing regime. No significant differences in calpain or cathepsin enzyme levels due to meat pH were observed until after 22h post mortem, but low pH(u) beef had elevated caspase 3/7 activity soon after slaughter. At 22h post mortem, greater levels of μ-calpain enzyme were found in the high and intermediate pH(u) beef and cathepsin B levels were superior in the low pH(u) beef after 2 days post mortem. Different rates of desmin and troponin T protein degradation were also observed in aged bull beef. Both proteins were degraded within 6h post mortem for high pH(u) beef, but took >3 days post mortem for intermediate pH(u) beef. High levels of alpha β-crystallin (aβC) at 22h post mortem coincided with delayed muscle protein degradation for low pH(u) beef. Our results support the hypothesis that aβC shields myofibrils and buffers against endopeptidase degradation of beef structure during ageing.

  5. X-autosome translocation and low fertility in a family of crossbred cattle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basrur, P K; Reyes, E R; Farazmand, A; King, W A; Popescu, P C

    2001-07-03

    An investigation was carried out on a family of Limousin-Jersey crossbreds exhibiting low fertility in the females, to determine the impact of a previously identified X-autosome translocation (X-AT) on the reproductive performance of the carrier cows. Three of the identified translocation carriers, including a cow and two of her daughters, were maintained at our University Research Station and artificially inseminated periodically with semen from different bulls of known fertility. Attempts to breed the X-AT carriers resulted in high rates of return to estrus between days 28 and 60, abortions between days 121 and 235 after insemination, and a total of 13 live births including 4 translocation carrier calves. Results of superovulation and embryo retrieval trials on X-AT carriers revealed significantly higher proportions of unfertilized and uncleaved ova and abnormal embryos compared to those from normal cows, and no pregnancy in the recipients transferred with morphologically normal blastocysts from X-AT carriers. While the higher rates of failed fertilization and cleavage, abnormal embryos and return to estrus in X-AT carriers could be attributed to chromosome imbalance expected in their gametes, the relatively high prevalence of abortion (late in gestation) was unexpected. Our observations on the fetuses expelled by X-AT carriers after 5 months of gestation indicated that a majority (three out of four) of these fetuses were products of abnormal (3:1) segregation in meiosis I and that these chromosomally unbalanced (hyperdiploid) conceptuses were able to survive early embryogenesis and fetal life up to the end of the second trimester. We hypothesize that their relatively long in utero life and the absence of any overt birth defects may be attributable to the type of chromosomes over-represented in these fetuses and that their eventual expulsion may have been the result of selection against the clonal population of cells in which the altered X carrying a segment of

  6. In brief...France

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    2008-01-01

    Among the different news we can find information about the situation of the radiation accidents at the hospital of Epinal in the east of France. The medical surveillance of the irradiated patients has allowed to find others cases of over exposure.These new cases add to a series of events enlightened in this service: 24 patients treated for a prostate cancer between may 2004 and august 2005 have been over exposed of about 20 % because of a bad use of the treatment planning software. 4 hundred patients treated for a prostate cancer between 2001 and 2006 have been over exposed of about 8% by an excessive use of the imaging controlling the positioning during the treatment. Among 4500 patients treated for different cancers between september 1987 and july 2000 and concerned by a programming error of an internal software, 312 patients have received an overexposure of about 7%. The Authority of nuclear safety and the Institute of radiation protection and nuclear safety (I.R.S.N.) publish the report of management 2006 on the Internet gate of the National network of environmental radioactivity measurements. The Internet site of the pluralist expertise group on the uranium mines sites of the Limousin opens at the address :www.gep-nucleaire.org. The high committee for the transparency and information on nuclear safety is officially created. The Asn has classified at the level 4+ of the experimental scale Asn-S.F.R.O. the accident occurred at the teaching hospital of Toulouse between the 11. april 2006 and the 18. april 2007 implying 145 patients treated by intracranial radiosurgery. (N.C.)

  7. Study of radon emanation from uranium mill tailings. Relations between radon emanating power and physicochemical properties of the material

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pellegrini, D.

    1999-01-01

    The uranium extraction from ores leads to large amounts of mill tailings still containing radionuclides, such as thorium-230 and radium-226, which generate radon-222. Without protective action, radon exposition may be high enough to cause concern for health of populations living in the vicinity of an uranium mill tailings disposal. This exposition pathway has therefore to be taken into account in the radiological impact studies. The emanating power, i.e. the part of radon atoms which escape from the solid particles, is directly involved in the radon source term evaluation. It may be determined for a given material by laboratory measurements. Emanating powers from 0.08 to 0.33 have been obtained for mill tailings from Jouac (Limousin, France), at various moisture contents. In order to reduce the relations of dependence between some of the emanation parameters, more simple phases, kaolinite and polymeric resins, have been studied. Those experiments have led us to the selection of the mechanisms and the parameters to consider for the development of an emanation modelling. The whole of the results obtained point out the radon sorption, in various proportions depending on the materials. The moisture content influence on the emanation from materials containing fine particles have been confirmed: the emanation increases with this parameter until a continuous water film surrounding the particles have been formed, and then become constant. This 'water effect' occurs in a moisture content range, which depends on the material porosity. Elsewhere, the presence of amorphous phases may led to a high radon emanation. (author)

  8. Study of radon emanation from uranium mill tailings. Relations between radon emanating power and physicochemical properties of the material; Etude de l'emanation du radon a partir de residus de traitement de minerais d'uranium. Mise en evidence de relations entre le facteur d'emanation et les caracteristiques du materiau

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pellegrini, D

    1999-07-01

    The uranium extraction from ores leads to large amounts of mill tailings still containing radionuclides, such as thorium-230 and radium-226, which generate radon-222. Without protective action, radon exposition may be high enough to cause concern for health of populations living in the vicinity of an uranium mill tailings disposal. This exposition pathway has therefore to be taken into account in the radiological impact studies. The emanating power, i.e. the part of radon atoms which escape from the solid particles, is directly involved in the radon source term evaluation. It may be determined for a given material by laboratory measurements. Emanating powers from 0.08 to 0.33 have been obtained for mill tailings from Jouac (Limousin, France), at various moisture contents. In order to reduce the relations of dependence between some of the emanation parameters, more simple phases, kaolinite and polymeric resins, have been studied. Those experiments have led us to the selection of the mechanisms and the parameters to consider for the development of an emanation modelling. The whole of the results obtained point out the radon sorption, in various proportions depending on the materials. The moisture content influence on the emanation from materials containing fine particles have been confirmed: the emanation increases with this parameter until a continuous water film surrounding the particles have been formed, and then become constant. This 'water effect' occurs in a moisture content range, which depends on the material porosity. Elsewhere, the presence of amorphous phases may led to a high radon emanation. (author)

  9. Cross species association examination of UCN3 and CRHR2 as potential pharmacological targets for antiobesity drugs.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhihua Jiang

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Obesity now constitutes a leading global public health problem. Studies have shown that insulin resistance affiliated with obesity is associated with intramyocellular lipid (IMCL accumulation. Therefore, identification of genes associated with the phenotype would provide a clear target for pharmaceutical intervention and care for the condition. We hypothesized that urocortin 3 (UCN3 and corticotropin-releasing hormone receptor 2 (CRHR2 are associated with IMCL and subcutaneous fat depth (SFD, because the corticotropin-releasing hormone family of peptides are capable of strong anorectic and thermogenic effects. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We annotated both bovine UCN3 and CRHR2 genes and identified 12 genetic mutations in the former gene and 5 genetic markers in the promoter region of the latter gene. Genotyping of these 17 markers on Wagyu times Limousin F(2 progeny revealed significant associations between promoter polymorphisms and SFD (P = 0.0203-0.0685 and between missense mutations of exon 2 and IMCL (P = 0.0055-0.0369 in the bovine UCN3 gene. The SFD associated promoter SNPs caused a gain/loss of 12 potential transcription regulatory binding sites, while the IMCL associated coding SNPs affected the secondary structure of UCN3 mRNA. However, none of five polymorphisms in CRHR2 gene clearly co-segregated with either trait in the population (P>0.6000. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: Because UCN3 is located on human chromosome 10p15.1 where quantitative trait loci for obesity have been reported, our cross species study provides further evidence that it could be proposed as a potential target for developing antiobesity drugs. None of the markers in CRHR2 was associated with obesity-type traits in cattle, which is consistent with findings in human. Therefore, CRHR2 does not lend itself to the development of antiobesity drugs.

  10. Detection of Babesia and Theileria species infection in cattle from Portugal using a reverse line blotting method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, M G; Marques, P X; Oliva, A

    2010-12-15

    Babesiosis and Theileriosis are tick-borne diseases widespread in tropical and sub-tropical regions with high economic impact worldwide. In Portugal there are at least 4 tick vectors known to be competent for the transmission of Babesia and Theileria sp. identified: Rhipicephalus bursa, Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) annulatus, Ixodes ricinus and Haemaphysalis punctata. All these potential Babesia and Theileria tick vectors are widely distributed in Portugal, although they are predominant in the Southern region. In this study, 1104 cattle blood samples were randomly collected from Central and Southern regions of Portugal and analyzed by PCR-reverse line blotting (RLB) for the detection of Babesia and Theileria sp. Testing indicated that 74.7% of the bovines tested were positive for either Babesia and/or Theileria sp. In addition, five different apicomplexan species, namely, Theileria buffeli, Theileria annulata, Babesia divergens, Babesia bovis, and Babesia bigemina were detected by RLB among the bovines tested. T. buffeli was the most frequently found species, being present in 69.9% of the positive samples either as single infections (52.4%), or as mixed infections (17.5%). The Babesia specie most frequently found was B. divergens, detected in 4.2% of the infected bovines. Overall, infected bovines were found in all regions tested; however the highest number of infected bovines was observed in Évora district (96.2%) and in cattle from Limousin breeds (81.7%). The results indicate widespread Babesia and Theileria infections in Portuguese bovines, suggesting the need for improved control of ticks and tick-borne diseases. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  11. Demographics of cattle positive for Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis by faecal culture, from submissions to the Cork Regional Veterinary Laboratory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-01

    The demography of bovine infections caused by Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP) in Ireland is poorly defined. The objective of this study was to describe the demographics of cattle positive to MAP on faecal culture, based on submissions to the Cork Regional Veterinary Laboratory (Cork RVL) from 1994 to 2006. The study focused on all available faecal samples from adult cattle with non-responsive chronic diarrhoea that were submitted by private veterinary practitioners to Cork RVL for MAP culture. For each MAP-positive by faecal culture animal, data were collated from Cork RVL and Cattle Movement Monitoring Scheme (CMMS) records. Johne's disease (JD) was confirmed in 110 animals from 86 herds by the Cork RVL between 1994 and 2006, with a rate of positive cases between 15% and 18% over last four years of the study. Two breeds (Holstein/Friesian or Limousin) made up 78% of submissions. Movements were assessed for the 57 study animals with available movement information, 90% died within one year of the test and 26% tested positive in the herd they were born into. The study provides preliminary information about movement trends and demographics of animals with MAP positive submissions. Although the study area is restricted, it includes the most intensive (and economically-important) dairy region in Ireland. The demographics of JD infection from the study area are in agreement with international reports. Further work is required to determine demographic trends, incidence and prevalence of JD throughout Ireland. It is hoped this work may contribute to the development of a surveillance strategy for MAP by regional veterinary laboratories. PMID:21851736

  12. Bessines: Rebirth of a technological excellence center

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2014-06-01

    Areva's mining activity is rooted in the Limousin region of central France. For over 65 years, Bessines-sur-Gartempe has been closely involved with global energy and industrial issues. Geologists came here first as explorers, followed by miners and chemical engineers. This is the heritage on which Areva is drawing to help satisfy the steadily growing demand for energy. The SEPA's (Service d'etudes, de Procedes et Analyses) role is to develop new ways to process and use mineral ores. A world renowned R and D center, modernizing its research facilities is a key part of the program to revitalize the Bessines site. Between 1947 and 2001, close to 250 mining sites were exploited in France producing 76,000 tons of uranium. The Areva group (through the CEA and COGEMA) operated 55 % of these sites, all of which have been reclaimed today. UREKA is an educational center created by Areva to inform the public about uranium mining and French know-how in this field. This museum is unique in the world of mining. Depleted uranium is a byproduct of the uranium enrichment process. It harbors real energy potential that Areva intends to tap in the future. The effectiveness of lead-212 in targeting and destroying cancer cells was demonstrated several years ago. The Geosciences Center in made of four entities spread over 4,000 m 2 , regrouping the whole of Areva's mining knowledge and history. The wealth of mineralogical, petrographic and documentary data found there has been accumulated over more than 60 years of exploration and mining

  13. Genetic covariance components within and among linear type traits differ among contrasting beef cattle breeds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doyle, Jennifer L; Berry, Donagh P; Walsh, Siobhan W; Veerkamp, Roel F; Evans, Ross D; Carthy, Tara R

    2018-05-04

    Linear type traits describing the skeletal, muscular, and functional characteristics of an animal are routinely scored on live animals in both the dairy and beef cattle industries. Previous studies have demonstrated that genetic parameters for certain performance traits may differ between breeds; no study, however, has attempted to determine if differences exist in genetic parameters of linear type traits among breeds or sexes. Therefore, the objective of the present study was to determine if genetic covariance components for linear type traits differed among five contrasting cattle breeds, and to also investigate if these components differed by sex. A total of 18 linear type traits scored on 3,356 Angus (AA), 31,049 Charolais (CH), 3,004 Hereford (HE), 35,159 Limousin (LM), and 8,632 Simmental (SI) were used in the analysis. Data were analyzed using animal linear mixed models which included the fixed effects of sex of the animal (except in the investigation into the presence of sexual dimorphism), age at scoring, parity of the dam, and contemporary group of herd-date of scoring. Differences (P covariance parameters estimated from the CH breed with a linear function of breeding values computed conditional on covariance parameters estimated from the other breeds was estimated. Replacing the genetic covariance components estimated in the CH breed with those of the LM had least effect but the impact was considerable when the genetic covariance components of the AA were used. Genetic correlations between the same linear type traits in the two sexes were all close to unity (≥0.90) suggesting little advantage in considering these as separate traits for males and females. Results for the present study indicate the potential increase in accuracy of estimated breeding value prediction from considering, at least, the British breed traits separate to continental breed traits.

  14. Hydrothermal alterations and O, H, C isotopic characterization of fluids and minerals in uraniferous massif of Saint Sylvestre (France). Extension to other French intragranitic uranium deposits

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Turpin, L.

    1984-05-01

    Petrographical, mineralogical, geochemical and stable isotope ( 18 O/ 16 O, D/H, 13 C/ 12 C) studies have been performed on the leucogranitic massif of St Sylvestre (Limousin, Massif Central francais), particularly on the different hydrothermal alterations. The oxygen isotope geochemistry of granites confirms the unicity of the different facies and their sialic origin (delta 18 O whole rocks = +11.0 +- 0.5 per mill), with a major contribution of detritic sediments rich in organic matter and poor in carbonate (delta 13 C magm. CO 2 = -10.6 per mill). Late lamprophyres have a deep-seated origin (delta 18 O = + 6 per mill). The pervasive chloritization of granitic biotites occurs during the convective circulation of a fluid of meteoric origin, at temperatures around 350-450 0 C. The chemical composition of chlorite which is buffered by that of biotite and the large 18 O-shift of fluid towards high delta values indicate that water-rock ratio was not very high. Chloritization takes place in high permeability zones. In regions where porosity is generally low, fluids are ''canalised'' in localised micro-fissured zones. Very high water/rock ratios lead to the dissolution of quartz, and the formation of the ''feldspathic episyenite'' alteration facies. The isotopic features of this fluid (delta 18 O approximately - 8 per mill, deltaD approximately - 50 per mill) indicate an elevated altitude. An isotopically similar fluid is responsible for the later ''micaceous episyenite'' alteration facies, found in fractured zones. Mixing of this fluid with a sedimentary fluid (delta 18 O approximately + 10 per mill, deltaD approximately - 30 per mill, delta 13 C approximately - 18 per mill) yielded the conditions necessary for the deposit of primary economic ore. Such fluids, sedimentary or metamorphic in origin, have been recognized in most hercynian intragranitic U and Sn-W deposits [fr

  15. Age, genesis and exploration for mineral deposits: the possibilities offered by lead isotopes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Marcoux, E.; Calvez, J.Y.

    1985-01-01

    After a brief theoretical survey of the subject, the paper discusses the assistance that lead isotopes can bring to solving problems of metallogenesis and mineral exploration. Lead isotopes act as a true geologic clock when radioactive decay of lead takes place in a closed U-Th-Pb system, or when these conditions have been recreated by homogenization of a large crustal segment. The lead clock is thus reliable for deposits whose process of formation was part of a hydrothermal event that affected a significant part of the crust, most importantly in island-arc volcanosedimentary deposits, much less so for deposits formed by spatially restricted hydrothermal activity such as the emplacement of veins. Very interesting possibilities are also to be found in the capacity of lead isotopes to act as geochemical tracers. In conjunction with paragenetic and gitologic studies, determination of the isotopic composition of lead allows the sources of metals to be identified and permits an approach to the understanding of inheritance phenomena in a mineral deposit or province. This information also assists in unravelling the successive metallogenic processes in a region, thus contributing to refinement of the concept of a metallogenic province. Lastly lead isotopes provide an additional factor in assessing the economic potential of a deposit undergoing exploration. The method is based on a comparison of the isotopic signature of the deposit with that of economic mineralization occuring elsewhere in the circa. Examples of stratiform deposits and the gold-bearing veins of Limousin are described. The application of this method to gossans can provide additional information to standard geochemistry and thus assist in grading of targets [fr

  16. Breed differences of bull frozen-thawed semen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ntemka, A; Tsousis, G; Brozos, C; Kiossis, E; Boscos, C M; Tsakmakidis, I A

    2016-12-01

    The objective of this study was to investigate the quality of frozen-thawed semen from different bull breeds. Commercial frozen-thawed bull semen samples (26 per breed, 130 totally) of five breeds (Holstein [Η], Brown Swiss [BS], Limousin [L], Belgian Blue [BB], Blonde d' Aquitaine [BA]) were used. After thawing, each semen sample was subjected to thermal resistance test (TR) for 0.5 and 1 hr at 38°C and hypo-osmotic swelling test (HOST) for 1 hr at 150 mOsm at 37°C. Additionally, all samples were evaluated at times 0 hr (thawing), 0.5 hr (TR), 1 hr (TR) for kinetics by CASA [progressive, immotile, rapid, medium, slow moving spermatozoa, curvilinear velocity (VCL), average path velocity (VAP), straight line velocity (VSL), linearity (LIN), straightness (STR), beat cross-frequency (BCF), amplitude of lateral head displacement (ALH), wobble (WOB)]. Moreover, directly after thawing, all semen samples were evaluated for morphometry, morphology, viability and DNA fragmentation. Statistical analysis was conducted using a mixed model for repeated measures. The results showed (a) higher VCL after thawing in H, L breeds compared to BB and BA, (b) higher VAP after thawing in L compared to BB, BA, (c) higher values of progressive spermatozoa after TR in H, BS compared to BB, BA, (d) higher values of rapid spermatozoa after thawing and 0.5 hr of TR in H, BS, L compared to BB, BA, (e) lower viability in BA after thawing compared to H, BS, BB, (f) lower morphological abnormalities in H compared to L, BB, (g) higher head length in Η compared to BB. No significant differences were observed in the results from HOST and DNA fragmentation between breeds. In conclusion, quality characteristics of frozen-thawed bull semen are dependent on the breed. Frozen semen from BB and BA breeds should be handled more carefully after thawing, as it is more sensitive to stress. © 2016 Blackwell Verlag GmbH.

  17. Analysis of long term options in the management of closed uranium mining sites in France: a pluralistic expertise experience

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Marignac, Yves; Barbey, Pierre; Catelinois, Olivier; Crochon, Philippe; Petitfrere, Michael; Guillaumont, Robert

    2008-01-01

    Full text: Palaiseau Public demand and new regulations call for a growing stakeholder involvement in the protection of the public and the environment. On complex technical subjects prone to controversy, a useful advise to decision making processes can be provided by the pluralistic examination of the issues by a group of institutional and non-institutional experts. The French ministers for the environment, health, and industry created in 2005 a pluralistic expert group (GEP), started in mid-2006, to focus on the remediated uranium mines in the Limousin region of France. This group, which receives public funding, brings together experts with varied skills and backgrounds (from institutions, associations and industry, including independent and foreign experts). AREVA NC (COGEMA) the mine owner for the Haute Vienne sites has provided, on request of the administration, documents to assess the situation of the sites, and the French Institute for Radiological Protection and Nuclear Safety (IRSN) has been commissioned to produce a global expertise of this assessment. The GEP has been given the task of contributing this critical analysis and participating in the direction of the global expertise, with the aim to provide the authorities and the operator with recommendations on long-term management and monitoring options for the facilities. The group has also the duty to report to local stakeholders and to inform the general public. Work has been developed in three complementary areas: Improving the assessment of the source term and releases of transfer to the natural environment, including hydrogeological and geochemical studies as well as the characterisation of exhalations of radon; Developing a more thorough assessment of health and environmental impacts, including radiological and chemical risks. This includes, in addition to traditional methods, the first-of-a-kind application of an innovative methodology to assess radio-ecological impacts; - strengthening the

  18. Sorption study of 226Ra(II) et 238U(VI) on to peat organic matter, in mining environment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bordelet, Gabrielle

    2014-01-01

    The environmental footprint of former uranium mining sites is a major concern for society. In order to guarantee the protection of ecosystems and thus a minimal radiological impact on the biosphere, it is important to understand and to be able to model the phenomena controlling the migration of uranium and its decay products, specially radium ( 226 Ra) (AREVA's Envir-at-Mines project). In the environment, among solid phases which can retain 238 U(VI) and 226 Ra(II), peat is known to have relevant affinity for U(VI). Because peat is usually composed at 90% dry weight of organic matter, the aim of this study was to qualify and quantify peat organic matter affinity for 238 U(VI) and 226 Ra(II). Peat samples extracted from Les Sagnes (close to a former uranium mining site in Limousin area, France) was characterised and batch adsorption/desorption experiments were conducted. The results indicate that 226 Ra(II) adsorption onto that peat is higher than 97% for pH ≥ 4-6 (depending on the organic/mineral ratio in dry peat) corresponding to K d values about 4500 ± 500 mL/g and 238 U(VI) adsorption is higher than 80% at pH ≥ 3 with K d maximal values reaching 11000 mL/g around pH 4.5. Only a little desorption was measured after one month. An ion exchange modelling for radium adsorption onto one type of organic matter sorption site was enough to fit the experimental adsorption K d for the peat over the whole range of pH. However, uranium sorption on peat can be modelled on that organic sorption site only from pH 1 to 5. From pH 5 to 10, to explain the experimental uranium adsorption K d values (close to 1500 mL/g), uranium sorption onto mineral phases (such as smectite and iron oxide in this study) has to be considered. An operational data set is given for both 238 U(VI) and 226 Ra(II) sorption onto Les Sagnes peat. Unlike usual peat, peat from Les Sagnes contains more than 10% dry weight of mineral matter. That is why it is necessary to model sorption of those two

  19. Estimation of methane emissions from local and crossbreed beef cattle in Daklak province of Vietnam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Alberto Ramírez-Restrepo

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Objective This study was aimed at evaluating effects of cattle breed resources and alternative mixed-feeding practices on meat productivity and emission intensities from household farming systems (HFS in Daklak Province, Vietnam. Methods Records from Local Yellow×Red Sindhi (Bos indicus; Lai Sind and 1/2 Limousin, 1/2 Drought Master, and 1/2 Red Angus cattle during the growth (0 to 21 months and fattening (22 to 25 months periods were used to better understand variations on meat productivity and enteric methane emissions. Parameters were determined by the ruminant model. Four scenarios were developed: (HFS1 grazing from birth to slaughter on native grasses for approximately 10 h plus 1.5 kg dry matter/d (0.8% live weight [LW] of a mixture of guinea grass (19%, cassava (43% powder, cotton (23% seed, and rice (15% straw; (HFS2 growth period fed with elephant grass (1% of LW plus supplementation (1.5% of LW of rice bran (36%, maize (33%, and cassava (31% meals; and HFS3 and HFS4 computed elephant grass, but concentrate supplementation reaching 2% and 1% of LW, respectively. Results Results show that compared to HFS1, emissions (72.3±0.96 kg CH4/animal/life; least squares means± standard error of the mean were 15%, 6%, and 23% lower (p<0.01 for the HFS2, HFS3, and HFS4, respectively. The predicted methane efficiencies (CO2eq per kg of LW at slaughter (4.3±0.15, carcass weight (8.8±0.25 kg and kg of edible protein (44.1±1.29 were also lower (p<0.05 in the HFS4. In particular, irrespective of the HSF, feed supply and ratio changes had a more positive impact on emission intensities when crossbred 1/2 Red Angus cattle were fed than in their crossbred counterparts. Conclusion Modest improvements on feeding practices and integrated modelling frameworks may offer potential trade-offs to respond to climate change in Vietnam.

  20. Optimal management of replacement heifers in a beef herd: a model for simultaneous optimization of rearing and breeding decisions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stygar, A H; Kristensen, A R; Makulska, J

    2014-08-01

    The aim of this study was to provide farmers an efficient tool for supporting optimal decisions in the beef heifer rearing process. The complexity of beef heifer management prompted the development of a model including decisions on the feeding level during prepuberty (age optimal rearing strategy was found by maximizing the total discounted net revenues from the predicted future productivity of the Polish Limousine heifers defined as the cumulative BW of calves born from a cow calved until the age of 5 yr, standardized on the 210th day of age. According to the modeled optimal policy, heifers fed during the whole rearing period at the ADG of 810 g/d and generally weaned after the maximum suckling period of 9 mo should already be bred at the age of 13.2 mo and BW constituting 55.6% of the average mature BW. Based on the optimal strategy, 52% of all heifers conceived from May to July and calved from February to April. This optimal rearing pattern resulted in an average net return of EUR 311.6 per pregnant heifer. It was found that the economic efficiency of beef operations can be improved by applying different herd management practices to those currently used in Poland. Breeding at 55.6% of the average mature BW, after a shorter and less expensive rearing period, resulted in an increase in the average net return per heifer by almost 18% compared to the conventional system, in which heifers were bred after attaining 65% of the mature BW. Extension of the rearing period by 2.5 mo (breeding at the age 15.7 mo), due to a prepubertal growth rate lowered by 200 g, reduced the average net return per heifer by 6.2% compared to the results obtained under the basic model assumptions. In the future, the model may also be extended to investigate additional aspects of the beef heifer development, such as the environmental impacts of various heifer management decisions.

  1. Estimação de parâmetros da cinética de trânsito de partículas em bovinos sob pastejo por diferentes seqüências amostrais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Detmann Edenio

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se, neste estudo, avaliar a capacidade de ajustamento de um modelo não-linear no processo de estimação dos parâmetros da cinética de trânsito de partículas de bovinos em pastejo, empregando-se diferentes seqüências de amostragem fecal. Foram utilizados cinco novilhos F1 Limousin x Nelore, fistulados no esôfago e rúmen, sob pastejo de Brachiaria decumbens, com suplementação concentrada, durante o período das águas. O experimento constituiu de três períodos experimentais, conduzido em delineamento em blocos casualizados. Empregou-se como indicador o cromo mordante, produzido a partir de amostras de extrusa. Ajustou-se às curvas de excreção fecal do indicador o modelo duplo exponencial tempo-dependente, empregando-se as seguintes seqüências amostrais: SEQ 1 - 22 coletas (seqüência amostral completa; SEQ 2 e SEQ 3 - 17 coletas (redução de pontos de coleta nas fases ascendente e descendente da curva, respectivamente; e SEQ 4 e SEQ 5 - 13 e 10 coletas fecais (redução do número de coletas em todo o perfil da curva. As seqüências reduzidas foram produzidas a partir da omissão de pontos específicos da seqüência amostral completa (SEQ 1. A comparação entre as estimativas dos parâmetros cinéticos e da excreção fecal; a análise descritiva do número de iterações necessário à convergência do modelo e do coeficiente de determinação; e a avaliação de falta de ajustamento não apontaram diferenças entre as seqüências. A análise residual apontou, contudo, melhorias quanto ao comportamento gráfico e perfil de corridas de sinal dos resíduos com a redução do número de coletas para SEQ 4 e SEQ 5. Em função de pequena perda de eficiência, avaliada frente à variância residual, observada em SEQ 5, recomenda-se o emprego de 13 coletas fecais (SEQ 4 para avaliação da curva de excreção fecal do indicador em estudos desta natureza.

  2. Efecto de la suplementación con concentrado en la fermentación in vitro de dietas para vacas lecheras en silvopastoreo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O López

    Full Text Available Se evaluó el efecto de la suplementación con concentrado (C0: control; C5: 5 % de los requerimientos de EM; C10: 10 % de los requerimientos de EM en la degradabilidad ruminal de dietas para vacas lecheras basadas en Panicum maximum y Leucaena leucocephala, mediante la técnica de producción de gas (PG in vitro. Para formular las dietas se asumió que los animales pesaban 480 kg, que estaban en su tercera lactancia y producían 10 kg de leche diarios, lo cual es representativo de la vaquería donde se tomaron las muestras de alimento. Se estimó la PG in vitro, los parámetros de la producción de gas (b, c, L, la digestibilidad in vitro de la materia seca (DIVMS, la energía metabolizable (EM y los ácidos grasos de cadena corta (AGCC, los cuales se compararon mediante un análisis de varianza, en un diseño completamente aleatorizado con tres tratamientos y tres repeticiones. Las dietas se incubaron in vitro, y para ello se utilizó inóculo ruminal de vacas Limousine, clínicamente sanas. La suplementación con concentrado incrementó linealmente (p < 0,01 la producción de gas a las 24 h y a las 48 h; mientras que a las 96 h el efecto fue cuadrático (p < 0,05, con el menor valor para C5. La DIVMS y la EM (p < 0,001, así como los AGCC (p < 0,05, se incrementaron linealmente con el aumento del concentrado, aunque en C10 la DIVMS fue menor; sin embargo, se incrementó la EM y los AGCC. Se concluye que en dietas basadas en P. maximum y L. leucocephala la adición de concentrado en un 5 % no tuvo efecto en la EM ni en la producción de AGCC, por lo que es necesario adicionar al menos un 10 % de este suplemento a la dieta, con base en los requerimientos de EM de los animales.

  3. Peso de abate de machos não-castrados para produção do bovino jovem. 2. Peso, idade e características da carcaça Slaughter weights for the production of young bull cattle. 2. Weight, age and carcass characteristics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Geraldo Maria da Cruz

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available Com o objetivo de obter o peso e idade de abate e as características de carcaça de bovinos machos não-castrados, o confinamento foi desenvolvido na Embrapa Pecuária do Sudeste. Um total de 215 animais, da Embrapa e de produtores particulares, sendo 53 Blonde d'Aquitaine x Nelore (BN, 36 Canchim x Nelore (CN, 36 Limousin x Nelore (LN, 36 Piemontês x Nelore (PN, 18 Canchim (CA e 36 Nelore (NE, foram utilizados. Foram avaliados os pesos de abate (TRAT de 400 (I, 440 (II e 480 kg (III, exceto para os bovinos NE, que foram de 380, 410 e 440 kg. Os animais receberam uma dieta, ad libitum, à base de 50% de silagem de milho e 50% de concentrado, na base seca. O peso vivo dos animais foi obtido, após jejum de água e alimentos de 16 horas. Os animais foram abatidos em frigorífico comercial. Os dados foram submetidos à análise de variância e as médias, comparadas pelo teste SNK. Os animais cruzados e Canchim foram abatidos com 231, 252 e 273 kg de carcaça quente aos 15,4; 16,1 e 16,8 meses de idade para os TRAT I, II e III, respectivamente, enquanto as carcaças dos animais NE pesaram 211,5; 219 e 228 kg aos 16,4; 17,2 e 17,5 meses, respectivamente. As médias estimadas de período experimental, rendimento de carcaça, área de olho de lombo e espessura de gordura externa foram: 70,9; 95,1 e 114,7 dias; 57,2; 57,7 e 58,3%; 31,4; 30,9 e 30,2 cm²/100 kg de carcaça; 2,5; 3,1 e 3,6 mm, para os TRAT I, II e III, respectivamente. A percentagem de carne comestível do traseiro especial não foi alterada pelos pesos de abate, ocorrendo redução na percentagem de ossos e aumento na percentagem de aparas de gordura, à medida que aumentou o peso de abate. Ocorreram interações entre TRAT e grupos genéticos para pesos estimados de abate, percentagens de cortes traseiro total, traseiro especial e dianteiro da carcaça resfriada e área de olho de lombo.To obtain slaughter weight and age and the carcass characteristics of young bulls, a feedlot study

  4. Peso de abate de machos não-castrados para produção do bovino jovem. 1. Desempenho em confinamento e custos de produção Slaughter weights for the production of young bull cattle. 1. Performance on feedlot and cost of production

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Geraldo Maria da Cruz

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available Com o objetivo de obter o peso adequado de abate de machos não-castrados e a economicidade da produção do bovino jovem, foi realizado na Embrapa Pecuária Sudeste um confinamento com 234 animais cruzados Blonde d'Aquitaine x Nelore (BN, Canchim x Nelore (CN, Limousin x Nelore (LN e Piemontês x Nelore (PN e puros Canchim (CA e Nelore (NE nos anos de 1994, 1995 e 1997. Ao início do experimento, os animais apresentavam 12 meses de idade; os BN, CA, CN e LN pesavam 265 kg, os NE 214 kg e os PN 237 kg. Foram testados os pesos de abate (TRAT de 400 (I, 440 (II e 480 kg (III, exceto para os bovinos NE, que foram de 380, 410 e 440 kg. A dieta, fornecida à vontade, possuía 13% de proteína bruta e 70% de nutrientes digestíveis totais, à base de 50% de silagem de milho e 50% concentrado, na base seca. As pesagens dos animais foram realizadas após jejum de 16 horas. Os dados foram submetidos à análise de variância e as médias, comparadas pelo SNK. As médias estimadas para ganho diário de peso (GDP, consumo diário de matéria seca (CMS, em kg e em percentagem do peso vivo, eficiência de conversão alimentar (ECA e período de confinamento foram 1,56; 1,49 e 1,44 ± 0,03 kg; 9,01; 9,01 e 9,21 ± 0,13 kg; 2,58; 2,44 e 2,45 ± 0,04%; 5,92; 6,26 e 6,49 ± 0,12; e 71,3; 95,6 e 115,3 ± 2,1 dias, respectivamente, para os tratamentos I, II e III. Os efeitos de ano, de grupo genético e de TRAT foram significativos para GDP, CMS e ECA. As interações entre grupo genético e TRAT não foram significativas. Houve aumento no custo da arroba produzida, de R$ 39,14 para R$ 40,31 ou R$ 40,49, com o aumento do peso de abate de 400 para 440 ou 480 kg de peso vivo, respectivamente. A rentabilidade mensal reduziu de 1,0% para 0,7% ou 0,6% para os TRAT I, II ou III, respectivamente.To obtain the adequate slaughter weights and costs of production of young bulls, a feedlot study was conducted at Embrapa Pecuaria Sudeste, with 234 crossbred Blonde d

  5. Avaliação de pastagem diferida de Brachiaria decumbens Stapf. 2. Disponibilidade de forragem e desempenho animal durante a seca Evaluation of a signalgrass (Brachiaria decumbens Stapf postponed pasture. 2. Availability of herbage and animal performance, during the dry season

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Destéfani Guimarães Santos

    2004-02-01

    Full Text Available Verificaram-se as disponibilidades de forragem total, forragem verde e morta e dos componentes folha verde, caule verde, folha seca e caule seco em pastagem diferida de Brachiaria decumbens. A pastagem foi vedada à entrada dos animais de dezembro de 1996 a junho de 1997 e avaliada, sob pastejo contínuo, durante a estação seca, nos meses de julho a outubro de 1997. Também foram estudadas correlações entre características do relvado e ganho de peso de tourinhos Limousin-Nelore com 19 meses e 374 kg de peso. O diferimento da pastagem de Brachiaria decumbens proporcionou disponibilidade média de forragem (DMST de 7.568, forragem verde (DMSV de 3.834 e morta (DMSM de 3.734 kg de matéria seca (MS/ha em julho, antes do período de pastejo. A utilização contínua da pastagem diferida durante o período seco, com lotação animal de 0,75 UA/ha, não afetou a DMST, média de 7.902, e DMSM, média de 4.637 kg/ha, mas afetou a DMSV e a disponibilidade de folhas verdes (DMSFV. A DMSV e a DMSFV apresentaram taxas crescentes em julho e outubro e diminuíram a taxas crescentes em agosto e setembro. No final de setembro, as pastagens apresentaram a menor DMSV, 2.540 kg/ha. A DMSFV e a proporção de folhas verdes no relvado foram maiores no início de agosto, respectivamente, 1.517 kg/ha e 18,5%, e menores no final de setembro, 480 kg/ha e 5,7%, respectivamente. O diferimento da pastagem permitiu a manutenção dos animais e apenas pequeno ganho de peso durante a seca, média de 104 g/dia. Em setembro, os animais nas pastagens perderam peso. O ganho de peso vivo médio diário correlacionou-se linear e negativamente com DMSM e linear e positivamente com as relações [DMSV/DMSM] e [DMSFV/(DMSM + DMSCV], em que DMSCV é a disponibilidade de matéria seca de caule verde. Não foram verificadas correlações entre ganho de peso e as variáveis DMSV, DMSFV, pressão de pastejo e oferta diária de forragem.The availability of herbage, green herbage, dead

  6. Energy partition for maintenance and weight gain in Nellore and crossbred steers finished under grazing Partição de energia para mantença e ganho em novilhos nelores e mestiços terminados a pasto

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N.F. Sant´Ana

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this work was to estimate net energy (NEm and metabolizable energy (MEm requirements for maintenance and efficiency of use of metabolizable energy for maintanence (k m and gain (k g of grazing Nellore and crossbred steers. It was used 24 castrated steers, 12 Nellore breed (386 kg SBW and 12 ½ Limousin-Nelore crossbred (397 kg SBW. The comparative slaughter method was used. In each genetic group, animals were grouped in three similar groups: reference; restrict feeding and ad libitum feeding. The reference group was slaughtered in the beginning of the experiment whereas the others were slaughtered at the end of it. During the 104 days of the experimental period, the group under restrict feeding had access to pastures for 3.5 hours daily whereas the group with ad libitum feeding remained on pasture full time. Forage intake was estimated in two trials by using the double-indicator method. Values of NEm, MEm, k m and k g were estimated on the basis of empty body weight (EBW through linear and non-linear model fitting. Requirements of NEm and MEm did not differ among Nellore and crossbred animals. In the linear model, the following results were obtained: Requirements of NEm = 86 kcal/kg0.75; requirements of MEm = 136 kcal/kg0.75 and k m = 0.63. Kg value was higher for Nellore animals (0.39 than for crossbred animals (k g = 0.33. Requirement of net energy of maintenance does not differ among grazing Nellores and ½ European-Nellore crossbred. For the same body weight, Nellore animals present greater fat proportion in gain composition than ½European-Nelore crossbred.Este trabalho foi conduzido com o objetivo de estimar as exigências de energia líquida (ELm e metabolizável (EMm para mantença e as eficiências de utilização da energia metabolizável para mantença (k m e ganho (k g de novilhos nelores e mestiços a pasto. Foram utilizados 24 novilhos castrados, sendo 12 da raça Nelore (386 kg PCJ e 12 mestiços ½ Limousin

  7. The contribution of total and free iodothyronines to welfare maintenance and management stress coping in Ruminants and Equines: Physiological ranges and reference values.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferlazzo, Adriana; Cravana, Cristina; Fazio, Esterina; Medica, Pietro

    2018-06-01

    and fT 4 concentrations in lambs. A T 3 decrease was detected after isolation, such as induced by confinement and weaning in lambs. Higher T 3 concentration after restraint and shearing than after isolation and significant increases in T 4 , fT 3 and fT 4 values after restraint and shearing were recorded. The basal concentrations of fT 3 in both the inexperienced and experienced transported horses were significantly higher than in untransported experienced horses. Moreover, increases of T 3, T 4 and fT 4 after short road transportation, and significant correlations between T 3 and rectal temperature (RT), body weight (BW) and heart rate (HR), confirmed their important role in coping strategy. Thyroid responsiveness to short transport is similar in domestic donkeys and horses, with a preferential release of T 3 in horses. A greatest and constant release of T 3 and T 4 , although differentiated, after simulated transportation and after conventional transport of horses confirmed that the degree of stress induced by confinement and additional stressful stimuli associated to road transportation could differently influence the iodothyronine release. Temperamental Limousin young beef bulls showed lower T 4 and fT 4 concentrations after prolonged transportation than calm subjects, and a concomitant decrease of circulating ACTH, cortisol, T 3 and fT 3 concentrations, probably induced by down regulation of HPA axis and cortisol negative feedback. These data reinforce the importance of taking into account the evaluation of iodothyronines, and notably of T 3 , as markers of welfare and stress and their role in ensuring energy homeostasis and productive and reproductive performances in Ruminants and Equines. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  8. Modeling the relationship between scanned rump and 12th-rib fat in young temperate and tropical bovines: model development and evaluation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walmsley, B J; Wolcott, M L; McPhee, M J

    2010-05-01

    A decision support tool for predicting subcutaneous fat depths called BeefSpecs, based on the Davis growth model (DGM), has been developed by the Cooperative Research Centre for Beef Genetic Technologies. Currently, the DGM predicts 12th-rib fat thickness (RFT, mm). To allow predictions of fat thickness at the P8 rump (P8FT, mm) site, the standard carcass fat measurement in the Australian beef industry, a relationship was developed between ultrasound RFT and P8FT in steers and heifers from temperate (Angus, Hereford, Shorthorn, and Murray Grey) and tropical (Brahman, Belmont Red, and Santa Gertrudis) breed types. Model development involved fitting various combinations of sex, breed type (BrT), BW, age, and RFT to produce 6 models. The models were challenged with data from 3 independent data sets: 1) Angus steers from 2.4 generations of divergent selection for and against residual feed intake; 2) 2 tropically adapted genotypes [Brahman and tropically adapted composites (combinations of Belmont Red, Charbray, Santa Gertrudis, Senepol, and Brahman breeds)]; and 3) a study using sires from Charolais, Limousin, Belgian Blue, and Black and Red Wagyu breeds and 3 genetic lines of Angus to create divergence in progeny in terms of genetic potential for intramuscular fat percent and retail beef yield. When challenged with data from Angus cattle, the mean biases (MB, mm) for models A to F were -1.23, -0.56, -0.56, -0.02, 0.14, and 0.04, and the root mean square errors of predictions (mm) were 1.53, 0.97, 0.97, 0.92, 0.93, and 0.91, respectively. When challenged with data from Brahman cattle, MB were 0.04, -0.22, -0.14, 0.05, -0.11, and 0.02 and root mean square errors of predictions were 1.30, 1.29, 1.27, 1.23, 1.37, and 1.29, respectively. Generally, model accuracy indicated by MB tended to be less for model E, which contained age rather than BW as a covariate. Models B and C were generally robust when challenged with data from Angus, Brahman, and Tropical Composite cattle

  9. In vitro assessment of sperm from bulls of high and low field fertility.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al Naib, A; Hanrahan, J P; Lonergan, P; Fair, S

    2011-07-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate the reasons for differences in field fertility of bulls following insemination with frozen-thawed semen. The study was carried out in two separate parts over two years and comparisons were made between 5 high and 4 low fertility Holstein Friesian bulls as determined by their either 90 day non-return rate (Year 1) or calving rate (Year 2). Two high fertility Limousin bulls were included in Year 1 for comparative purposes. The ability of sperm from each bull to penetrate artificial mucus was assessed (Year 1 = 7 replicates; Year 2 = 5 replicates). Glass capillary tubes (2 per bull per replicate) were filled with artificial mucus and incubated with sperm stained in 1% Hoechst 33342 for 30 min at 37 °C. The number of sperm were subsequently counted at 10 mm intervals along the tube between 40 and 80 mm markers. Sperm mitochondrial activity of each bull was assessed by the MTT (3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl-tetrazolium bromide) assay (4 replicates in each year). Sperm were incubated with MTT for 1 h at 37 °C following which the absorbance of formazan was read using a spectrophotometer. Sperm viability after thawing was assessed for each bull using a live/dead sperm viability kit (Year 1 = 3 replicates; Year 2 = 4 replicates). A minimum of 250 cells were assessed per bull in each replicate and classified as either live or dead. Finally, the ability of sperm to fertilize oocytes in vitro and their ability to develop to blastocyst stage embryos were assessed (5 replicates in each year involving 220 to 306 oocytes per bull). Data transformation to normalize residuals was required for mucus sperm penetration (square root) and IVF (cleavage and blastocyst rate) results (arcsin). The mean number of sperm counted at each 10 mm mark between 40 and 80 mm was higher in the high fertility (56.0; 95% CI 39.5 to 75.3) compared to the low fertility (42.9; 95% CI 29.3 to 59.1) Holstein Friesian bulls but the difference did not

  10. Evolution of the uranium industry in France

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Maget, P.; Vertes, P.

    1964-01-01

    is obtained by a technique peculiar to the French process, in combined vertical furnaces giving a direct transformation of uranium trioxide (UO 3 ) to fluoride with a very low oxygen content; particularly advantageous production yields can thus be obtained. The equipment of the Malvesi plant will be modernised in the near future to make use of this process. The plant at le Bouchet also contains equipment for the treatment of uranothorianite concentrates imported from Madagascar. The original process, based on solvent purification and oxalic separation, has been replaced by a more modern method using selective dissolution, which enables pure nitrates to be produced under excellent conditions. Ore extraction is essentially taken care of by the Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique in the three mining districts Vendee, Limousin and Forez, private industry having been unable to form any large production unit under the conditions prevailing in recent years. Physical methods of concentration have been gradually abandoned, with the exception of a continuous radiometric sorting at the Bessines plant and the gravimetric concentration of uranothorianite ores at Madagascar. (authors) [fr

  11. Evolution of the uranium industry in France; Evolution de l'industrie de l'uranium en France

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Maget, P; Vertes, P [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Fontenay-aux-Roses (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires; Bazile, F [Societe industrielle des minerais de l' ouest (France)

    1964-07-01

    is obtained by a technique peculiar to the French process, in combined vertical furnaces giving a direct transformation of uranium trioxide (UO{sub 3}) to fluoride with a very low oxygen content; particularly advantageous production yields can thus be obtained. The equipment of the Malvesi plant will be modernised in the near future to make use of this process. The plant at le Bouchet also contains equipment for the treatment of uranothorianite concentrates imported from Madagascar. The original process, based on solvent purification and oxalic separation, has been replaced by a more modern method using selective dissolution, which enables pure nitrates to be produced under excellent conditions. Ore extraction is essentially taken care of by the Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique in the three mining districts Vendee, Limousin and Forez, private industry having been unable to form any large production unit under the conditions prevailing in recent years. Physical methods of concentration have been gradually abandoned, with the exception of a continuous radiometric sorting at the Bessines plant and the gravimetric concentration of uranothorianite ores at Madagascar. (authors) [French] Le developpement de l'industrie francaise de l'uranium dans les dernieres annees est surtout caracterise par l'achevement du programme d'equipement des ensembles miniers et des usines de traitement qui etait deja amorce en 1958. Il a permis d'atteindre, des 1961, une capacite de production d'environ 2000 T de metal contenu dans les concentres et d'environ 1800 T de metal nucleairement pur. Les prospections et recherches en France menes par le Commissariat et par l'Industrie privee ont amene, outre un renouvellement satisfaisant des reserves exploitees, le developpement de deux districts uraniferes nouveaux: l'un de type classique en France, dans des formations cristallines au sud-est du Massif Central, l'autre dans les formations sedimentaires permiennes du departement de l'Herault. L

  12. 8. national congress of radiation protection 'SFRP 2011' - Proceedings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Souques, M.; Lambrozo, J.; Perrin, A.; Magne, I.; Bedja, M.; Fleury, G.; Le Brusquet, L.; Barbe, R.; Lahaye, T.; Laurier, D.; Tomasek, L.; Tirmarche, M.; Guseva Canu, I.; Garsi, J.P.; Caer-Lorho, S.; Jacob, S.; Acker, A.; Fernandez, F.; Bertho, J.M.; Synhaeve, N.; Stefani, J.; Desbree, A.; Blanchardon, E.; Dublineau, I.; Petitot, F.; Lestaevel, P.; Tourlonias, E.; Mazzucco, C.; Jacquinot, S.; Dhieux, B.; Delissen, O.; Tournier, B.; Gensdarmes, F.; Godet, J.L.; Perrin, M.L.; Saad, N.; Bardelay, C.; Voytchev, M.; Doursout, T.; Chapalain, E.; Dandrieux, G.; Cazala, C.; Gay, D.; Chabanis, O.; Palut-Laurent, O.; Ringeard, C.; Thomassin, A.; Roxin, A.M.; Gschwind, R.; Makovicka, L.; Roxin, I.; Henriet, J.; Martin, E.; Klopfenstein, J.F.; Lochard, J.; Guillaumont, R.; Marignac, Y.; Petitfrere, M.; Catelinois, O.; Devin, P.; Sene, M.; Barbey, P.; Reaud, C.; Schneider, T.; Achikian, S.; Le Clerc, A.; Rochereau, S.; Schneider, C.; Vigneron, H.; Charron, S.; Delattre, A.; Luccioni, C.; Monti, P.; Bernaud, J.Y.; Michielsen, N.; Bondiguel, S.; Bordy, J.M.; Daures, J.; Denoziere, M.; Gualdrini, G.; Mariotti, F.; Barre, A.; Beauval, A.; Davi, J.N.; Dupic, S.; Grincourt, D.; Kandil, A.; Marteel, C.; Vrammout, D.; Saintamon, F.; Aberkane, J.; Paquet, F.; Barbey, P.; Bardies, M.; Biau, A.; Blanchardon, E.; Chetioui, A.; Lebaron-Jacobs, L.; Pasquier, J.L.; Broggio, D.; Beurrier, J.; Farah, J.; Franck, D.; Sauget, M.; Bertrand, A.; Boveda, S.; Bar, O.; Brezin, A.; Maccia, C.; Bernier, M.O.; Struelens, L.; Carinou, E.; Dominiek, J.; Brodecki, M.; Donadille, L.; Ferrari, P.; Koukorava, C.; Krim, S.; Nikodemova, D.; Ruiz-Lopez, N.; Sans Merce, M.; Vanhavere, F.; Clairand, I.; Bordy, J.M.; Debroas, J.; Ginjaume, M.; Itie, C.; Krim, S.; Lebacq, A.L.; Martin, P.; Struelens, L.; Sans-Merce, M.; Vanhavere, F.; Gauron, C.; Wild, P.; Grzebyk, M.; Derock, C.; Champion, K.; Cohen, P.; Menez, C.; Tellart, A.S.; Thiel, H.; Pennarola, R.; Choudat, D.; Dillenseger, P.; Rehel, J.L.; Aubert, B.; Gagna, G.; Amabile, J.C.; Laroche, P.; Grandcoing, A.; Roch, P.; Challeton-de Vathaire, C.; Franck, D.; Roy, C.; Doucet, J.; Jancon, G.; Pelletier, B.; Marchal, C.; Megnigbeto, C.; Franchi, C.; Cillard, P.; Etard, C.; Sinno-Tellier, S.; Guersen, J.; Chabrot, P.; Cassagnes, L.; Gabrillargues, J.; Boyer, L.; Kien, N.; Schieber, C.; Almen, A.; Magne, S.; Spasic, E.; Ngo, C.; Bordy, J.M.; Carlan, L. de; Bridier, A.; Ginestet, C.; Malet, C.; Ferdinand, P.; Courdi, A.; Rucka, G.; Bondiau, P.Y.; Cazoulat, A.; Bohand, S.; Schoen, V.; Bey, E.; Roche, H.; Quesne, B.; Monier, C.; Leonard, J.G.; Cordier, G.; Gurriaran, R.; De Vismes, A.; Picolo, J.L.; Elbast, M.; Saudo, A.; Holler, V.; Blanchin, N.

    2011-06-01

    This document brings together the available presentations (slides) given at the 8. national congress of the French society of radiation protection SFRP and dealing with: 1 - Electro-hypersensitivity syndrome as seen by French physicians; 2 - French population exposure to 50 Hz magnetic field: main findings from EXPERS study; 3 - Regulation relative to workers protection against artificial optical radiation risks; 4 - Radon-related full-life risk; 5 - Risk of Cardiovascular disease mortality in a cohort of French uranium conversion workers potentially exposed to low uranium doses via inhalation; 6 - Epidemiological study in the vicinity of nuclear facilities in Spain; 7 - Comparison of absorbed doses after contamination by chronic ingestion of 137 Cs or 90 Sr; 8 - Uranium nano-particulates biokinetics after inhalation; 9 - Evolution of radiation protection basic standards at the European scale; 10 - Present day situation of radiation protection applied to instrumentation standardisation in CEI's and CENELEC's international bodies; 11 - Revision of the guidebook about the management of potentially contaminated sites: new approach elements; 12 - Distance training platform for medical radiation protection; 13 - Stakeholders involvement in uranium mining sites management: the GEP-Limousin experience; 14 - Radiation protection workshops: experience of the Notre Dame high school of Boulogne-Billancourt; 15 - Implementation of a citizen workshop about radon in private housing; 16 - Thoron influence on radon measurement in air - the case of a ionization chamber; 17 - Application of the equivalent dose concept for the lens of the eye; 18 - The radiation protection supervisory position - experience feedback from 3 partial visits at the Gravelines NPP; 19 - Evaluation and management of risks linked with the exposure to Auger and beta emitting radionuclides; 20 - Development of an extended man's phantom library: method and results; 21 - Use of computer-learning techniques in

  13. 8. national congress of radiation protection 'SFRP 2011' - Proceedings; Huitieme congres national de radioprotection 'SFRP 2011' - Recueil des presentations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Souques, M.; Lambrozo, J.; Perrin, A.; Magne, I.; Bedja, M.; Fleury, G.; Le Brusquet, L.; Barbe, R.; Lahaye, T.; Laurier, D.; Tomasek, L.; Tirmarche, M.; Guseva Canu, I.; Garsi, J.P.; Caer-Lorho, S.; Jacob, S.; Acker, A.; Fernandez, F.; Bertho, J.M.; Synhaeve, N.; Stefani, J.; Desbree, A.; Blanchardon, E.; Dublineau, I.; Petitot, F.; Lestaevel, P.; Tourlonias, E.; Mazzucco, C.; Jacquinot, S.; Dhieux, B.; Delissen, O.; Tournier, B.; Gensdarmes, F.; Godet, J.L.; Perrin, M.L.; Saad, N.; Bardelay, C.; Voytchev, M.; Doursout, T.; Chapalain, E.; Dandrieux, G.; Cazala, C.; Gay, D.; Chabanis, O.; Palut-Laurent, O.; Ringeard, C.; Thomassin, A.; Roxin, A.M.; Gschwind, R.; Makovicka, L.; Roxin, I.; Henriet, J.; Martin, E.; Klopfenstein, J.F.; Lochard, J.; Guillaumont, R.; Marignac, Y.; Petitfrere, M.; Catelinois, O.; Devin, P.; Sene, M.; Barbey, P.; Reaud, C.; Schneider, T.; Achikian, S.; Le Clerc, A.; Rochereau, S.; Schneider, C.; Vigneron, H.; Charron, S.; Delattre, A.; Luccioni, C.; Monti, P.; Bernaud, J.Y.; Michielsen, N.; Bondiguel, S.; Bordy, J.M.; Daures, J.; Denoziere, M.; Gualdrini, G.; Mariotti, F.; Barre, A.; Beauval, A.; Davi, J.N.; Dupic, S.; Grincourt, D.; Kandil, A.; Marteel, C.; Vrammout, D.; Saintamon, F.; Aberkane, J.; Paquet, F.; Barbey, P.; Bardies, M.; Biau, A.; Blanchardon, E.; Chetioui, A.; Lebaron-Jacobs, L.; Pasquier, J.L.; Broggio, D.; Beurrier, J.; Farah, J.; Franck, D.; Sauget, M.; Bertrand, A.; Boveda, S.; Bar, O.; Brezin, A.; Maccia, C.; Bernier, M.O.; Struelens, L.; Carinou, E.; Dominiek, J.; Brodecki, M.; Donadille, L.; Ferrari, P.; Koukorava, C.; Krim, S.; Nikodemova, D.; Ruiz-Lopez, N.; Sans Merce, M.; Vanhavere, F.; Clairand, I.; Bordy, J.M.; Debroas, J.; Ginjaume, M.; Itie, C.; Krim, S.; Lebacq, A.L.; Martin, P.; Struelens, L.; Sans-Merce, M.; Vanhavere, F.; Gauron, C.; Wild, P.; Grzebyk, M.; Derock, C.; Champion, K.; Cohen, P.; Menez, C.; Tellart, A.S.; Thiel, H.; Pennarola, R.; Choudat, D.; Dillenseger, P.; Rehel, J.L. [and others

    2011-06-15

    This document brings together the available presentations (slides) given at the 8. national congress of the French society of radiation protection SFRP and dealing with: 1 - Electro-hypersensitivity syndrome as seen by French physicians; 2 - French population exposure to 50 Hz magnetic field: main findings from EXPERS study; 3 - Regulation relative to workers protection against artificial optical radiation risks; 4 - Radon-related full-life risk; 5 - Risk of Cardiovascular disease mortality in a cohort of French uranium conversion workers potentially exposed to low uranium doses via inhalation; 6 - Epidemiological study in the vicinity of nuclear facilities in Spain; 7 - Comparison of absorbed doses after contamination by chronic ingestion of {sup 137}Cs or {sup 90}Sr; 8 - Uranium nano-particulates biokinetics after inhalation; 9 - Evolution of radiation protection basic standards at the European scale; 10 - Present day situation of radiation protection applied to instrumentation standardisation in CEI's and CENELEC's international bodies; 11 - Revision of the guidebook about the management of potentially contaminated sites: new approach elements; 12 - Distance training platform for medical radiation protection; 13 - Stakeholders involvement in uranium mining sites management: the GEP-Limousin experience; 14 - Radiation protection workshops: experience of the Notre Dame high school of Boulogne-Billancourt; 15 - Implementation of a citizen workshop about radon in private housing; 16 - Thoron influence on radon measurement in air - the case of a ionization chamber; 17 - Application of the equivalent dose concept for the lens of the eye; 18 - The radiation protection supervisory position - experience feedback from 3 partial visits at the Gravelines NPP; 19 - Evaluation and management of risks linked with the exposure to Auger and beta emitting radionuclides; 20 - Development of an extended man's phantom library: method and results; 21 - Use of computer

  14. EDITORIAL: Focus on Gravitational Lensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jain, Bhuvnesh

    2007-11-01

    progressed rapidly. That cosmic shear is now regarded as a key element of major missions aimed at probing dark energy is a feat of scientific persuasion—a decade ago not many believed it was realistic to even detect this tiny shear signal, let alone measure it with the percent-level accuracy needed to advance dark energy measurements. If weak lensing measurements deliver on their promise, then, in combination with other imaging and spectroscopic probes, they may well impact fundamental physics and cosmology. For example they may find evidence for an evolving dark energy component or signatures of departures from general relativity. These exciting prospects rest on new optical surveys planned for the next five years which will image a thousand square degrees or more of the sky to redshifts ~1 (compared to about a hundred square degrees imaged currently). Further, through photometric redshifts based on galaxy colors, lensing tomography methods will be applied to learn about the three-dimensional distribution of dark matter. Lensing measurements in other wavelengths, such as planned 21-cm surveys and CMB lensing, would add valuable diversity to measurement techniques. The case for the next generation optical surveys from the ground and space is compelling as well: they will produce another order of magnitude in data quantity and deliver images with minimal distortions due to the atmosphere and telescope optics. The coming decade therefore has the potential for exciting discoveries in gravitational lensing. Focus on Gravitational Lensing Contents A Bayesian approach to strong lensing modelling of galaxy clusters E Jullo, J-P Kneib, M Limousin, Á Elíasdóttir, P J Marshall and T Verdugo Probing dark energy with cluster counts and cosmic shear power spectra: including the full covariance Masahiro Takada and Sarah Bridle How robust are the constraints on cosmology and galaxy evolution from the lens-redshift test? Pedro R Capelo and Priyamvada Natarajan Dark energy constraints

  15. PREFACE: Nanosafe2010: International Conference on Safe Production and Use of Nanomaterials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sentein, Carole; Schuster, Frédéric; Tardif, François

    2011-07-01

    ESevertsov Inst. of Ecology and Evolution, RU KÜCK AUniv. Bremen, DE KUO Y-MChung Hwa University, TW KVITEK LPalacky Univ., CZ LABILLE JCEREGE, FR LAMMINEN EDekati, FI LARUE CCEA, FR LE BIHAN OINERIS, FR LE DUR DEcomesure, FR LECERF PCILAS, FR LEGRAND MCordouan, FR LELONG CUJF CEA, FR LIMOUSIN SINERIS, FR LINDELOEV JGEA Process Engineering, DK LIU P PChina Jiliang University, CN LIU WCEREGE, FR MACHEREY A-CCNRS, FR MAGGA YCEA, FR MAHLENDORF FUniversity Duisburg-Essen, DE MANIER NINERIS, FR MANZO LUniv. Pavia, IT MARCHETTO ACEA, FR MARCONE GUNICAMP, BR MARI DEPFL, CH MARIE-DESVERGNE CCEA, FR MARIE-LOUISE APSA Peugeot-Citroen, FR MARMUSE LNano-H S.A.S., FR MARRA JPhilips Research Aerasense, NL MASION ACEREGE, FR MATEI EPolitehnica University Bucharest, RO MATSUI YKyoto Univ., JP MATZKE MUniv. Gothenburg, SE MAYNE-L'HERMITE MCEA, FR MELINTE G ABabes-Bolyai University, RO MERINO CGrupo Antolin Ingenieria, ES MICHAUD-SORET ICEA, FR MICHELETTI CJRC, IT MONTIGEL EBasler Versicherungen, CH MONTOYA ERAMEM, ES MOSSUZ VCEA, FR MOTELLIER SCEA, FR MOTZKUS CLNE, FR MUIR BNaneum, GB NAKAMURA KJAPAN NUS CO., JP NEUBAUER NKarlsruhe Institute of Technologie, DE NEUMEISTER LBG ETEM, DE NGUYEN TNIST, US NIORT NINTERTEK, FR NOIRTIN AINTERTEK, FR NOWACK BEmpa, CH NYEMBE DUniv. Johannesburg, ZA Ó CLAONADH NDublin Institute of Technology, IE OBERDÖRSTER GUniv. Rochester, US OGURA IAIST, JP OSTIGUY CIRSST, CA OTSUKA KJFE Techno-Research Corp., JP OUF F-XIRSN, FR OUSACI SALMA, FR PAGET VCEA, FR PAILLEUX MEcole des Mines de Saint Etienne, FR PANDARD PINERIS, FR PANZER OEuropean Research Services, DE PARISELLI FCNRS, FR PERLET JNANO Magazine, GB PETERS RRIKILT, NL PETIT A-NCEA, FR PETKOVIC JNational Institute of Biology, SI PIMENOFF JBeneq, FI PINAULT MCEA, FR PIRET J-PUniv. Namur, BE PONTONE RTekna Plasma Systems, FR POURCHEZ JEcole des Mines de Saint Etienne, FR PRAETORIUS AETH Zurich, CH PRAT OCEA, FR PREVENSLIK TQED Radiations, CN PREVOST CIRSN, FR PROY HUART DFrance Nature Environnement, FR PUI