Paukkunen, Hannu
2009-06-01
This is the introductory part of my PhD thesis which consists of two parts, the separate introduction and four published articles. The introduction begins by a technically detailed description of the DGLAP evolution and the fast numerical solving method for the DGLAP equations, which has been used in the numerical works of the published articles of this thesis. A write-up of the next-to-leading order (NLO) calculations for the deeply inelastic scattering (DIS) and the Drell-Yan (DY) dilepton production cross-sections is also included. The formalism of the inclusive single hadron production at NLO is described as well, although less rigorously. The introductory part ends with a discussion of the global QCD analyses in general, with a special attention paid to the major work of this thesis, the NLO analysis of nuclear parton densities and their uncertainties.
Next-to-leading order QCD analysis of polarized deep inelastic scattering data
Abe, K.; Akagi, Takami; Anderson, B. D.; Anthony, P.L.; Arnold, Raymond G.; Averett, T.; Brand, H.R.; Berisso, C. M.; Bogorad, P.; Borel, H.; Bosted, P.E.; Breton, V.; Buenerd, Michel J.; Cates, Gordon D.; Chupp, Timothy E.
1997-01-01
We present a Next-to-Leading order perturbative QCD analysis of world data on the spin dependent structure functions $g_1^p, g_1^n$, and $g_1^d$, including the new experimental information on the $Q^2$ dependence of $g_1^n$. Careful attention is paid to the experimental and theoretical uncertainties. The data constrain the first moments of the polarized valence quark distributions, but only qualitatively constrain the polarized sea quark and gluon distributions. The NLO results are used to de...
Next-to-Next-Leading Order analysis of electroweak vacuum stability and rising inflection point
Iacobellis, Giuseppe
2016-01-01
We show an analysis on the gauge-independent observables associated with two stationary configurations of the Standard Model (SM) potential (extrapolated to high energy at Next-to-Next-to-Leading-Order (NNLO)): i) the value of the top mass ensuring stability of the SM electroweak vacuum and ii) the value of the Higgs potential at a rising inflection point. We examine in detail and reappraise the experimental and theoretical uncertainties which plague their determination, keeping alive the possibility for the SM of being stable and studying applications of such configuration to models of primordial inflation.
A ZEUS next-to-leading-order QCD analysis of data on deep inelastic scattering
Chekanov, S; Adamczyk, L; Adamus, M; Adler, V; Aghuzumtsyan, G; Allfrey, P D; Antonioli, P; Antonov, A; Arneodo, M; Bailey, D S; Bamberger, A; Barakbaev, A N; Barbagli, G; Barbi, M; Bari, G; Barreiro, F; Bartsch, D; Basile, M; Behrens, U; Bell, M A; Bellagamba, L; Bellan, P M; Benen, A; Bertolin, A; Bhadra, S; Bloch, I; Bold, T; Boos, E G; Borras, K; Boscherini, D; Brock, I; Brook, N H; Brugnera, R; Brümmer, N; Bruni, A; Bruni, G; Bussey, P J; Butterworth, J M; Büttner, C; Bylsma, B; Caldwell, A; Capua, M; Cara Romeo, G; Carli, T; Carlin, R; Cassel, D G; Catterall, C D; Chwastowski, J; Abramowicz, H; Ciborowski, J; Ciesielski, R; Cifarelli, Luisa; Cindolo, F; Cole, J E; Collins-Tooth, C; Contin, A; Cooper-Sarkar, A M; Coppola, N; Corradi, M; Corriveau, F; Costa, M; Cottrell, A; Cui, Y; D'Agostini, G; Dal Corso, F; Danilov, P; De Pasquale, S; Dementiev, R K; Derrick, M; Devenish, R C E; Dhawan, S; Dobur, D; Dolgoshein, B A; Doyle, A T; Drews, G; Durkin, L S; Dusini, S; Eisenberg, Y; Ermolov, P F; Eskreys, Andrzej; Everett, A; Ferrando, J; Ferrero, M I; Figiel, J; Foster, B; Foudas, C; Fourletov, S; Fourletova, J; Fry, C; Gabareen, A; Galas, A; Gallo, E; Garfagnini, A; Geiser, A; Genta, C; Gialas, I; Giusti, P; Gladilin, L K; Gladkov, D; Glasman, C; Göbel, F; Goers, S; Goncalo, R; González, O; Gosau, T; Göttlicher, P; Grabowska-Bold, I; Graciani-Díaz, R; Grigorescu, G; Grijpink, S; Groys, M; Grzelak, G; Gutsche, O; Gwenlan, C; Haas, T; Hain, W; Hall-Wilton, R; Hamatsu, R; Hamilton, J; Hanlon, S; Hart, C; Hartmann, H; Hartner, G; Heaphy, E A; Heath, G P; Helbich, M; Hilger, E; Hochman, D; Holm, U; Horn, C; Iacobucci, G; Iga, Y; Irrgang, P; Jakob, H P; Jiménez, M; Jones, T W; Kagawa, S; Kahle, B; Kaji, H; Kananov, S; Karshon, U; Karstens, F; Kasemann, M; Kataoka, M; Katkov, I I; Kcira, D; Keramidas, A; Khein, L A; Kim, J Y; Kind, O; Kisielewska, D; Kitamura, S; Koffeman, E; Kohno, T; Kooijman, P; Koop, T; Korzhavina, I A; Kotanski, A; Kötz, U; Kowal, A M; Kowalski, H; Kramberger, G; Kreisel, A; Krumnack, N; Kulinski, P; Kuze, M; Kuzmin, V A; Labarga, L; Lammers, S; Lelas, D; Levchenko, B B; Levy, A; Li, L; Lightwood, M S; Lim, H; Limentani, S; Ling, T Y; Liu, C; Liu, X; Löhr, B; Lohrmann, E; Loizides, J H; Long, K R; Longhin, A; Lukasik, J; Lukina, O Yu; Luzniak, P; Ma, K J; Maddox, E; Magill, S; Malka, J; Mankel, R; Margotti, A; Marini, G; Martin, J F; Martínez, M; Mastroberardino, A; Matsuzawa, K; Mattingly, M C K; Melzer-Pellmann, I A; Menary, S R; Metlica, F; Meyer, U; Miglioranzi, S; Milite, M; Mirea, A; Monaco, V; Montanari, A; Musgrave, B; Nagano, K; Namsoo, T; Nania, R; Nguyen, C N; Nigro, A; Ning, Y; Noor, U; Notz, D; Nowak, R J; Nuncio-Quiroz, A E; Oh, B Y; Olkiewicz, K; Ota, O; Padhi, S; Palmonari, F; Patel, S; Paul, E; Pavel, Usan; Pawlak, J M; Pelfer, P G; Pellegrino, A; Pesci, A; Piotrzkowski, K; Plamondon, M; Plucinsky, P P; Pokrovskiy, N S; Polini, A; Proskuryakov, A S; Przybycien, M B; Rautenberg, J; Raval, A; Reeder, D D; Ren, Z; Renner, R; Repond, J; Ri, Y D; Rinaldi, L; Robins, S; Rosin, M; Ruspa, M; Ryan, P; Sacchi, R; Salehi, H; Santamarta, R; Sartorelli, G; Savin, A A; Saxon, D H; Schagen, S; Schioppa, M; Schlenstedt, S; Schleper, P; Schmidke, W B; Schneekloth, U; Schörner-Sadenius, T; Sciulli, F; Shcheglova, L M; Skillicorn, I O; Slominski, W; Smith, W H; Soares, M; Solano, A; Son, D; Sosnovtsev, V V; Stairs, D G; Stanco, L; Standage, J; Stifutkin, A; Stonjek, S; Stopa, P; Stösslein, U; Straub, P B; Suchkov, S; Susinno, G; Suszycki, L; Sutiak, J; Sutton, M R; Sztuk, J; Szuba, D; Szuba, J; Tapper, A D; Targett-Adams, C; Tassi, E; Tawara, T; Terron, J; Tiecke, H G; Tokushuku, K; Tsurugai, T; Turcato, M; Tymieniecka, T; Tyszkiewicz, A; Ukleja, A; Ukleja, J; Vázquez, M; Vlasov, N N; Voss, K C; Walczak, R; Walsh, R; Wang, M; Whitmore, J J; Whyte, J; Wichmann, K; Wick, K; Wiggers, L; Wills, H H; Wing, M; Wlasenko, M; Wolf, G; Yagues-Molina, A G; Yamada, S; Yamazaki, Y; Yoshida, R; Youngman, C; Zambrana, M; Zawiejski, L; Zeuner, W; Zhautykov, B O; Zhou, C; Zichichi, A; Ziegler, A; Zotkin, D S; Zotkin, S A; De Favereau, J; De Wolf, E; Del Peso, J
2003-01-01
Next-to-leading order QCD analyses of the ZEUS data on deep inelastic scattering together with fixed-target data have been perfomed, from which the gluon and the quark densities of the proton and the value of the strong coupling constant, alpha_s(M_Z), were extracted. The study includes a full treatment of the experimental systematic uncertainties including point-to-point correlations. The resulting uncertainties in the parton density functions are presented. A combined fit for alpha_s(M_Z) and the gluon and qurak densities yields a value of alpha_s(M_Z) in agreement with the world average. The parton density functions derived from ZEUS data alone indicate the importance of HERA data in determining sea quark and gluon distributions at low x. The limits of applicability of the theoretical formalism have been explored by comparing the fit predictions to ZEUS data at very low Q^2.
Analysis of leading edge separation using a low order panel method
Sandlin, Doral R.
1989-01-01
An examination of the potential flow computer code VSAERO to model leading edge separation over a delta wing is examined. Recent improvements to the code suggest that it may be capable of predicting pressure coefficients on the body. Investigation showed that although that code does predict the vortex roll-up, the pressure coefficients have significant error. The program is currently unsatisfactory, but with some additional development it may become a useful tool for this application.
Khanpour, Hamzeh
2016-01-01
We perform a next-to-next-to-leading order (NNLO) analysis of nuclear parton distribution functions (nPDFs) using neutral current charged-lepton ($\\ell ^\\pm$ + nucleus) deeply inelastic scattering (DIS) data and Drell-Yan (DY) cross-section ratios $\\sigma_{DY}^{A}/\\sigma_{DY}^{A^\\prime}$ for several nuclear targets. We study in details the parameterizations and the atomic mass (A) dependence of the nuclear PDFs at this order. The present nuclear PDFs global analysis provides us a complete set of nuclear PDFs, $f_i^{(A,Z)}(x,Q^2)$, with a full functional dependence on $x$, A, Q$^2$. The uncertainties of the obtained nuclear modification factors for each parton flavour are estimated using the well-known Hessian method. The nuclear charm quark distributions are also added into the analysis. We compare the parametrization results with the available data and the results of other nuclear PDFs groups. We found our nuclear PDFs to be in reasonably good agreement with them. The estimates of errors provided by our glob...
Top-squark pair production at the LHC: a complete analysis at next-to-leading order
Germer, Jan; Lindert, Jonas M; Mirabella, Edoardo
2014-01-01
We present a complete next-to-leading order study of top-squark pair production at the LHC, including QCD and EW corrections. The calculation is performed within the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model and numerical results are presented for parameter regions compatible with the observed Higgs boson. We employ the most recent parton distribution functions including QED corrections and we find corrections to the inclusive stop-pair production cross section up to 25-30 % compared to the leading-order prediction.
Kataev, A L; Parente, G; Sidorov, A V
1998-01-01
We present the results of the next-to-next-to-leading order QCD analysis of the recently revised experimental data of the CCFR collaboration for the $xF_3$ structure function using the Jacobi polynomial expansion method. The effects of the higher twist contributions are included into the fits following the infrared renormalon motivated model. The special attention is paid to the checks of the predictive abilities of the infrared renormalon model and to the independent extraction of the $x$-shape of the twist-4 contributions to the $xF_3$ structure function in the process of the leading order, next-to-leading order and next-to-next-to-leading order fits of the revised CCFR data. We stress that at the next-to-next-to-leading order the results for We obtain the following result $\\alpha_s(M_Z)^{NNLO}=0.117 \\pm 0.002(stat) \\pm 0.005 (syst)\\pm 0.003 (theory)$. The comparison of the outcomes of our next-to-leading order and next-to-next-to-leading order analysis indicate that the theoretical QCD uncertainties were u...
Improving Order Lead Time: A Case Study
Villarreal, Bernardo; Salido, Lucy
2009-01-01
A fundamental challenge of globally competing companies is to increase their level of customer satisfaction, by devising and implementing strategies aimed at providing better price, quality, and service. This paper describes the efforts of a Mexican company to achieve this goal, and in particular, with the need to decrease order lead time…
Leading order QCD in Coulomb gauge
Watson, Peter
2011-01-01
Coulomb gauge QCD in the first order formalism can be written in terms of a ghost-free, nonlocal action that ensures total color charge conservation via Gauss' law. Making an Ansatz whereby the nonlocal term (the Coulomb kernel) is replaced by its expectation value, the resulting Dyson-Schwinger equations can be derived. With a leading order truncation, these equations reduce to the gap equations for the static gluon and quark propagators obtained from a quasi-particle approximation to the canonical Hamiltonian approach. Moreover a connection to the heavy quark limit can be established, allowing an intuitive explanation for the charge constraint and infrared divergences.
Symmetric Wilson Loops beyond leading order
Chen-Lin, Xinyi
2016-01-01
We study the circular Wilson loop in the symmetric representation of U(N) in $\\mathcal{N} = 4$ super-Yang-Mills (SYM). In the large N limit, we computed the exponentially-suppressed corrections for strong coupling, which suggests non-perturbative physics in the dual holographic theory. We also computed the next-to-leading order term in 1/N, and the result matches with the exact result from the k-fundamental representation.
Collinear limits beyond the leading order from the scattering equations
Nandan, Dhritiman; Wormsbecher, Wadim
2016-01-01
The structure of tree-level scattering amplitudes for collinear massless bosons is studied beyond their leading splitting function behavior. These near-collinear limits at sub-leading order are best studied using the Cachazo-He-Yuan (CHY) formulation of the S-matrix based on the scattering equations. We compute the collinear limits for gluons, gravitons and scalars. It is shown that the CHY integrand for an n-particle gluon scattering amplitude in the collinear limit at sub-leading order is expressed as a convolution of an (n-1)-particle gluon integrand and a collinear kernel integrand, which is universal. Our representation is shown to obey recently proposed amplitude relations in which the collinear gluons of same helicity are replaced by a single graviton. Finally, we extend our analysis to effective field theories and study the collinear limit of the non-linear sigma model, Einstein-Maxwell-Scalar and Yang-Mills-Scalar theory.
Collinear limits beyond the leading order from the scattering equations
Nandan, Dhritiman; Plefka, Jan; Wormsbecher, Wadim
2017-02-01
The structure of tree-level scattering amplitudes for collinear massless bosons is studied beyond their leading splitting function behavior. These near-collinear limits at sub-leading order are best studied using the Cachazo-He-Yuan (CHY) formulation of the S-matrix based on the scattering equations. We compute the collinear limits for gluons, gravitons and scalars. It is shown that the CHY integrand for an n-particle gluon scattering amplitude in the collinear limit at sub-leading order is expressed as a convolution of an ( n - 1)-particle gluon integrand and a collinear kernel integrand, which is universal. Our representation is shown to obey recently proposed amplitude relations in which the collinear gluons of same helicity are replaced by a single graviton. Finally, we extend our analysis to effective field theories and study the collinear limit of the non-linear sigma model, Einstein-Maxwell-Scalar and Yang-Mills-Scalar theory.
Shahri, F Taghavi; Tehrani, S Atashbar; Yazdi, Z Alizadeh
2016-01-01
We present a first global QCD analysis of next-to-next-leading-order (NNLO) contributions of the spin-dependent parton distribution functions (PPDFs) and their uncertainties using the Jacobi polynomial approach. Having the NNLO contributions of the quark-quark and gluon-quark splitting functions in perturbative QCD (Nucl. Phys. B 889 (2014) 351-400), one can obtain the evolution of longitudinally polarized parton densities of hadrons up to NNLO accuracy of QCD. A very large sets of recent and up-to-date experimental data of spin structure functions of the proton $g_1^p$, neutron $g_1^n$, and deuteron $g_1^d$ have been used in this analysis. The predictions for the NNLO calculations of the polarized parton distribution functions as well as the proton, neutron and deuteron polarized structure functions are compared with the corresponding results of the NLO approximation. We form a mutually consistent set of polarized PDFs due to the inclusion of the most available experimental data including the recently publis...
The Matrix Element Method at Next-to-Leading Order
Campbell, John M.; Giele, Walter T.; Williams, Ciaran
2012-01-01
This paper presents an extension of the matrix element method to next-to-leading order in perturbation theory. To accomplish this we have developed a method to calculate next-to-leading order weights on an event-by-event basis. This allows for the definition of next-to-leading order likelihoods in exactly the same fashion as at leading order, thus extending the matrix element method to next-to-leading order. A welcome by-product of the method is the straightforward and efficient generation of...
The matrix element method at next-to-leading order
Campbell, John M.; Giele, Walter T.; Williams, Ciaran
2012-11-01
This paper presents an extension of the matrix element method to next-to-leading order in perturbation theory, for electro-weak final states. To accomplish this we have developed a method to calculate next-to-leading order weights on an event-by-event basis. This allows for the definition of next-to-leading order likelihoods in exactly the same fashion as at leading order, thus extending the matrix element method to next-to-leading order. A welcome by-product of the method is the straightforward and efficient generation of unweighted next-to-leading order events. As examples of the application of our next-to-leading order matrix element method we consider the measurement of the mass of the Z boson and also the search for the Higgs boson in the four lepton channel.
Hadronic Parity Violation at Next-to-Leading Order
Tiburzi, B C
2012-01-01
The flavor-conserving non-leptonic weak interaction can be studied experimentally through the observation of parity violation in nuclear and few-body systems. At hadronic scales, matrix elements of parity-violating four-quark operators ultimately give rise to the parity violating couplings between hadrons, and such matrix elements can be calculated non-perturbatively using lattice QCD. In this work, we investigate the running of isovector parity-violating operators from the weak scale down to hadronic scales using the renormalization group. We work at next-to-leading order in the QCD coupling, and include both neutral-current and charged-current interactions. At this order, results are renormalization scheme dependent, and we utilize 't Hooft-Veltman dimensional regularization. The evolution of Wilson coefficients at leading and next-to-leading order is compared. Next-to-leading order effects are shown to be non-negligible at hadronic scales.
Hadronic parity violation at next-to-leading order
Tiburzi, B. C.
2012-03-01
The flavor-conserving nonleptonic weak interaction can be studied experimentally through the observation of parity violation in nuclear and few-body systems. At hadronic scales, matrix elements of parity-violating four-quark operators ultimately give rise to the parity-violating couplings between hadrons, and such matrix elements can be calculated nonperturbatively using lattice QCD. In this work, we investigate the running of isovector parity-violating operators from the weak scale down to hadronic scales using the renormalization group. We work at next-to-leading order in the QCD coupling, and include both neutral-current and charged-current interactions. At this order, results are renormalization-scheme dependent, and we utilize ’t Hooft-Veltman dimensional regularization. The evolution of Wilson coefficients at leading and next-to-leading order is compared. Next-to-leading-order effects are shown to be non-negligible at hadronic scales.
Trader lead-lag networks and order flow prediction
Challet, Damien; Lallouache, Mehdi; Kassibrakis, Serge
2016-01-01
Using trader-resolved data, we document lead-lag relationships between groups of investors in the foreign exchange market. Because these relationships are systematic and persistent, order flow is predictable from trader-resolved order flow. We thus propose a generic method to exploit trader lead-lag and predict the sign of the total order imbalance over a given time horizon. It first consists in an unsupervised clustering of investors according to their buy/sell/inactivity synchronization. The collective actions of these groups and their lagged values are given as inputs to machine learning methods. When groups of traders and when their lead-lag relationships are sufficiently persistent, highly successful out-of-sample order flow sign predictions are obtained.
Surface ordering during underpotential deposition of lead on copper
Vasiljevic, Natasa
Recently there has been an increased fundamental and practical interest in studies of ultra-thin films in systems with large atomic size mismatch. For those systems interesting surface stress-driven phenomena are observed, such as surface-confined alloying resulting in self-assembly and ordering of domain structures. The system of interest in the present study is the electrochemical deposition of lead on copper that has an atomic size mismatch of 37%. This system shows no bulk alloying and has been thoroughly examined in ultra high vacuum (UHV). Electrodeposition of lead on copper starts by formation of one epitaxial monolayer in the potential region positive with respect to the reversible potential of bulk lead deposition, a phenomenon known in electrochemistry as underpotential deposition (UPD). On copper (111), in-situ STM results have shown (4 x 4) Moire structure of the complete lead monolayer, a structure identical to that observed in UHV. Following stripping of the lead monolayer, STM results revealed nano-organization of the topmost copper layer. Depending on the solution pH value, different types of nanoscale organization have been observed: (i) a Moire pattern of anion-induced reconstruction of the top copper layer, and (ii) a star pattern dislocation network. Additional experiments in lead-free aerated and deaerated solutions at different pH values suggest that observed structures are results of lead-assisted oxy-anion adsorption in which lead plays a catalytic role. On copper (100), the lead UPD process features coverage-dependent phase behavior identical to that observed in UHV. As a function of lead coverage, phases corresponding to a dilute random alloy phase and ordered surface alloy phase that appears at a surface coverage ratio of three lead atoms to eight copper atoms are observed. With increasing lead coverage, lead dealloys from this ordered phase resulting in the formation of a c(2 x 2) lead overlayer phase that transforms with increasing lead
The Agent of extracting Internet Information with Lead Order
Mo, Zan; Huang, Chuliang; Liu, Aijun
In order to carry out e-commerce better, advanced technologies to access business information are in need urgently. An agent is described to deal with the problems of extracting internet information that caused by the non-standard and skimble-scamble structure of Chinese websites. The agent designed includes three modules which respond to the process of extracting information separately. A method of HTTP tree and a kind of Lead algorithm is proposed to generate a lead order, with which the required web can be retrieved easily. How to transform the extracted information structuralized with natural language is also discussed.
Next-to-leading order corrections to the valon model
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
G R Bouroun; E Esfandyari
2016-01-01
A seminumerical solution to the valon model at next-to-leading order (NLO) in the Laguerre polynomials is presented. We used the valon model to generate the structure of proton with respect to the Laguerre polynomials method. The results are compared with H1 data and other parametrizations.
Higgs production at next-to-next-to-leading order
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
V Ravindran; J Smith; W L Van Neerven
2004-03-01
We describe the calculation of inclusive Higgs boson production at hadronic colliders at next-to-next-to-leading order (NNLO) in perturbative quantum chromodynamics. We have used the technique developed in ref. [4]. Our results agree with those published earlier in the literature.
Leading change: a concept analysis.
Nelson-Brantley, Heather V; Ford, Debra J
2017-04-01
To report an analysis of the concept of leading change. Nurses have been called to lead change to advance the health of individuals, populations, and systems. Conceptual clarity about leading change in the context of nursing and healthcare systems provides an empirical direction for future research and theory development that can advance the science of leadership studies in nursing. Concept analysis. CINAHL, PubMed, PsycINFO, Psychology and Behavioral Sciences Collection, Health Business Elite and Business Source Premier databases were searched using the terms: leading change, transformation, reform, leadership and change. Literature published in English from 2001 - 2015 in the fields of nursing, medicine, organizational studies, business, education, psychology or sociology were included. Walker and Avant's method was used to identify descriptions, antecedents, consequences and empirical referents of the concept. Model, related and contrary cases were developed. Five defining attributes of leading change were identified: (a) individual and collective leadership; (b) operational support; (c) fostering relationships; (d) organizational learning; and (e) balance. Antecedents were external or internal driving forces and organizational readiness. The consequences of leading change included improved organizational performance and outcomes and new organizational culture and values. A theoretical definition and conceptual model of leading change were developed. Future studies that use and test the model may contribute to the refinement of a middle-range theory to advance nursing leadership research and education. From this, empirically derived interventions that prepare and enable nurses to lead change to advance health may be realized. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
Leading-order nuclear π-γ exchange force
Friar, J. L.; Coon, S. A.
1996-02-01
The leading-order isospin-violating force from simultaneous π and γ exchange is calculated. The charge-symmetric, but charge-dependent, force is calculated for static nucleons and in Coulomb gauge. Infrared divergences and other technical problems are discussed. The resulting force is roughly 3 orders of magnitude smaller than OPEP and roughly the same size as the Breit correction to single-photon exchange. The present calculation corresponds to a subset of one-loop diagrams in chiral perturbation theory for isospin violation in the nucleon-nucleon force.
Classical equation of motion and anomalous dimensions at leading order
Nii, Keita
2016-07-01
Motivated by a recent paper by Rychkov-Tan [1], we calculate the anomalous dimensions of the composite operators at the leading order in various models including a ϕ 3-theory in (6 - ɛ) dimensions. The method presented here relies only on the classical equation of motion and the conformal symmetry. In case that only the leading expressions of the critical exponents are of interest, it is sufficient to reduce the multiplet recombination discussed in [1] to the classical equation of motion. We claim that in many cases the use of the classical equations of motion and the CFT constraint on two- and three-point functions completely determine the leading behavior of the anomalous dimensions at the Wilson-Fisher fixed point without any input of the Feynman diagrammatic calculation. The method developed here is closely related to the one presented in [1] but based on a more perturbative point of view.
Leading order covariant chiral nucleon-nucleon interaction
Ren, Xiu-Lei; Geng, Li-Sheng; Long, Bing-Wei; Ring, Peter; Meng, Jie
2016-01-01
Motivated by the successes of relativistic theories in studies of atomic/molecular and nuclear systems and the strong need for a covariant chiral force in relativistic nuclear structure studies, we develop a new covariant scheme to construct the nucleon-nucleon interaction in the framework of chiral effective field theory. The chiral interaction is formulated up to leading order with a covariant power counting and a Lorentz invariant chiral Lagrangian. We find that the covariant scheme induces all the six invariant spin operators needed to describe the nuclear force, which are also helpful to achieve cutoff independence for certain partial waves. A detailed investigation of the partial wave potentials shows a better description of the scattering phase shifts with low angular momenta than the leading order Weinberg approach. Particularly, the description of the $^1S_0$, $^3P_0$, and $^1P_1$ partial waves is similar to that of the next-to-leading order Weinberg approach. Our study shows that the relativistic fr...
The a-function in three dimensions: beyond leading order
Jack, I
2016-01-01
Recently, evidence was provided for the existence of an $a$-function for renormalisable quantum field theories in three dimensions. An explicit expression was given at lowest order for general theories involving scalars and fermions, and shown to be related to the beta-functions by a gradient flow equation with positive-definite metric as in four dimensions. Here, we extend this lowest-order calculation to a general abelian Chern-Simons gauge theory coupled to fermions and scalars, and derive a prediction for part of the four-loop Yukawa beta-function. We also compute the complete four-loop Yukawa beta-function for the scalar-fermion theory and show that it is entirely consistent with the gradient flow equations at next-to-leading order.
Leading- and next-to-leading-order lateral Casimir force on corrugated surfaces
Cavero-Pelaez, Ines; Parashar, Prachi; Shajesh, K V
2008-01-01
We derive explicit analytic expressions for the lateral force for two different configurations with corrugations, parallel plates and concentric cylinders. By making use of the multiple scattering formalism, we calculate the force for a scalar field under the influence of a delta-function potential that has sinusoidal dependence in one direction simulating the corrugations. By making a perturbative expansion in the amplitude of the corrugation we find the leading order for the corrugated concentric cylinders and the next-to-leading order for the corrugated parallel plates.
Next-to-leading order corrections in exclusive meson production
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Diehl, M.; Kugler, W.
2007-08-15
We analyze in detail the size of next-to-leading order corrections to hard exclusive meson production within the collinear factorization approach. Corrections to the cross section are found to be huge at small x{sub B} and substantial in typical fixed-target kinematics. With the models we take for nucleon helicity-flip distributions, the transverse target polarization asymmetry in vector meson production is strongly affected by radiative corrections, except at large x{sub B}. Its overall size is very small for {rho} production but can be large in the {omega} channel. (orig.)
Scale Setting for $\\alpha_{s}$ Beyond Leading Order
Hornbostel, K; Morningstar, C J
2001-01-01
We present a general procedure for applying the scale-setting prescription of Brodsky, Lepage and Mackenzie to higher orders in the strong coupling constant $\\alphas$. In particular, we show how to apply this prescription when the leading coefficient or coefficients in a series in $\\alphas$ are anomalously small. We give a general method for computing an optimum scale numerically, within dimensional regularization, and in cases when the coefficients of a series are known. We find significant corrections to the scales for $R_{e^+ e^-}$, $\\Gamma(B \\to X_u e \\bar{\
Non-global logarithms at finite Nc beyond leading order
Khelifa-Kerfa, Kamel
2015-01-01
We analytically compute non-global logarithms at finite Nc fully up to 4 loops and partially at 5 loops, for the hemisphere mass distribution in e+e- to di-jets to leading logarithmic accuracy. Our method of calculation relies solely on integrating the eikonal squared-amplitudes for the emission of soft energy-ordered real-virtual gluons over the appropriate phase space. We show that the series of non-global logarithms in the said distribution exhibits a pattern of exponentiation thus confirming - by means of brute force - previous findings. In the large-Nc limit, our results coincide with those recently reported in literature. A comparison of our proposed exponential form with all-orders numerical solutions is performed and the phenomenological impact of the finite-Nc corrections is discussed.
Driving Missing Data at Next-to-Leading Order
Bern, Z; Dixon, L J; Cordero, F Febres; Hoeche, S; Ita, H; Kosower, D A; Maitre, D; Ozeren, K J
2011-01-01
The prediction of backgrounds to new physics signals in topologies with large missing transverse energy and jets is important to new physics searches at the LHC. Following a CMS study, we investigate theoretical issues in using measurements of gamma + 2-jet production to predict the irreducible background to searches for missing energy plus two jets that originates from Z + 2-jet production where the Z boson decays to neutrinos. We compute ratios of gamma + 2-jet to Z + 2-jet production cross sections and kinematic distributions at next-to-leading order in alpha_s, as well as using a parton shower matched to leading-order matrix elements. We find that the ratios obtained in the two approximations are quite similar, making gamma + 2-jet production a theoretically reliable estimator for the missing energy plus two jets background. We employ a Frixione-style photon isolation, but we also show that for isolated prompt photon production at high transverse momentum the difference between this criterion and the stan...
Classical equation of motion and Anomalous dimensions at leading order
Nii, Keita
2016-01-01
Motivated by a recent paper by Rychkov-Tan \\cite{Rychkov:2015naa}, we calculate the anomalous dimensions of the composite operators at the leading order in various models including a $\\phi^3$-theory in $(6-\\epsilon)$ dimensions. The method presented here relies only on the classical equation of motion and the conformal symmetry. In case that only the leading expressions of the critical exponents are of interest, it is sufficient to reduce the multiplet recombination discussed in \\cite{Rychkov:2015naa} to the classical equation of motion. We claim that in many cases the use of the classical equations of motion and the CFT constraint on two- and three-point functions completely determine the leading behavior of the anomalous dimensions at the Wilson-Fisher fixed point without any input of the Feynman diagrammatic calculation. The method developed here is closely related to the one presented in \\cite{Rychkov:2015naa} but based on a more perturbative point of view.
Scale setting for alpha_s beyond leading order
Hornbostel, K; Morningstar, C J
2003-01-01
We present a general procedure for incorporating higher-order information into the scale-setting prescription of Brodsky, Lepage and Mackenzie. In particular, we show how to apply this prescription when the leading coefficient or coefficients in a series in the strong coupling alpha_s are anomalously small and the original prescription can give an unphysical scale. We give a general method for computing an optimum scale numerically, within dimensional regularization, and in cases when the coefficients of a series are known. We apply it to the heavy quark mass and energy renormalization in lattice NRQCD, and to a variety of known series. Among the latter, we find significant corrections to the scales for the ratio of e+e- to hadrons over muons, the ratio of the quark pole to MSbar mass, the semi-leptonic B-meson decay width, and the top decay width. Scales for the latter two decay widths, expressed in terms of MSbar masses, increase by factors of five and thirteen, respectively, substantially reducing the size...
Van Pelt, Wesley R; Drzyzga, Michael
2007-02-01
Lead and plastic are commonly used to shield beta radiation. Radiation protection literature is ubiquitous in advising the placement of plastic first to absorb all the beta particles before any lead shielding is used. This advice is based on the well established theory that radiative losses (bremsstrahlung production) are more prevalent in higher atomic number (Z) materials than in low Z materials. Using 32P beta radiation, we measured bremsstrahlung photons transmitted through lead and plastic (Lucite) shielding in different test configurations to determine the relative efficacy of lead alone, plastic alone, and the positional order of lead and plastic. With the source (32P) and detector held at a constant separation distance, we inserted lead and/or plastic absorbers and measured the reduction in bremsstrahlung radiation level measured by the detector. With these test conditions, analysis of measured bremsstrahlung radiation in various thicknesses and configurations of lead and plastic shielding shows the following: placing plastic first vs. lead first reduces the transmitted radiation level only marginally (10% to 40%); 2 mm of additional lead is sufficient to correct the "mistake" of placing the lead first; and for equal thicknesses or weights of lead and plastic, lead is a more efficient radiation shield than plastic.
Fragmentation Functions at Next-to-Next-to-Leading Order Accuracy
Anderle, Daniele P; Stratmann, Marco
2015-01-01
We present a first analysis of parton-to-pion fragmentation functions at next-to-next-to-leading order accuracy in QCD based on single-inclusive pion production in electron-positron annihilation. Special emphasis is put on the technical details necessary to perform the QCD scale evolution and cross section calculation in Mellin moment space. We demonstrate how the description of the data and the theoretical uncertainties are improved when next-to-next-to-leading order QCD corrections are included.
Event generation for next to leading order chargino production at the international linear collider
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Robens, T.
2006-10-15
At the International Linear Collider (ILC), parameters of supersymmetry (SUSY) can be determined with an experimental accuracy matching the precision of next-to-leading order (NLO) and higher-order theoretical predictions. Therefore, these contributions need to be included in the analysis of the parameters. We present a Monte-Carlo event generator for simulating chargino pair production at the ILC at next-to-leading order in the electroweak couplings. We consider two approaches of including photon radiation. A strict fixed-order approach allows for comparison and consistency checks with published semianalytic results in the literature. A version with soft- and hard-collinear resummation of photon radiation, which combines photon resummation with the inclusion of the NLO matrix element for the production process, avoids negative event weights, so the program can simulate physical (unweighted) event samples. Photons are explicitly generated throughout the range where they can be experimentally resolved. In addition, it includes further higher-order corrections unaccounted for by the fixed-order method. Inspecting the dependence on the cutoffs separating the soft and collinear regions, we evaluate the systematic errors due to soft and collinear approximations for NLO and higher-order contributions. In the resummation approach, the residual uncertainty can be brought down to the per-mil level, coinciding with the expected statistical uncertainty at the ILC. We closely investigate the two-photon phase space for the resummation method. We present results for cross sections and event generation for both approaches. (orig.)
The Standard Model Effective Field Theory and Next to Leading Order
Passarino, Giampiero
2016-01-01
We review the status of calculations in the Standard Model Effective Field Theory (SMEFT) beyond leading order (LO). Improving the SMEFT beyond LO allows theoretical errors to be characterized and reduced when considering SMEFT interpretations of the data, which is essential considering the improving experimental precision at LHC. Next to leading order results also allow a more consistent analysis of measurements with different effective scales in the SMEFT. Going beyond LO is clearly important in the event that deviations from the SM are large enough that experimental indications of physics beyond the SM emerge. We discuss a consistent and well defined approach to LO in the SMEFT, so that the improvement to NLO is straightforward. We discuss the basic issues involved in improving calculations to NLO in the SMEFT, and review the advances in this direction that have been achieved to date.
Single-Spin Asymmetries in W Boson Production at Next-to-Leading Order
Ringer, Felix
2015-01-01
We present an analytic next-to-leading order QCD calculation of the partonic cross sections for single-inclusive lepton production in hadronic collisions, when the lepton originates from the decay of an intermediate electroweak boson and is produced at high transverse momentum. In particular, we consider the case of incoming longitudinally polarized protons for which parity-violating single-spin asymmetries arise that are exploited in the $W$ boson program at RHIC to constrain the proton's helicity parton distributions. Our calculation enables a very fast and efficient numerical computation of the relevant spin asymmetries at RHIC, which is an important ingredient for the inclusion of RHIC data in a global analysis of nucleon helicity structure. We confirm the validity of our calculation by comparing with an existing code that treats the next-to-leading order cross sections entirely numerically by Monte-Carlo integration techniques. We also provide new comparisons of the present RHIC data with results for som...
Chiral effective field theory on the lattice at next-to-leading order
Borasoy, Bugra; Krebs, Hermann; Lee, Dean; Meißner, Ulf-G
2007-01-01
We study nucleon-nucleon scattering on the lattice at next-to-leading order in chiral effective field theory. We determine phase shifts and mixing angles from the properties of two-nucleon standing waves induced by a hard spherical wall in the center-of-mass frame. At fixed lattice spacing we test model independence of the low-energy effective theory by computing next-to-leading-order corrections for two different leading-order lattice actions. The first leading-order action includes instantaneous one-pion exchange and same-site contact interactions. The second leading-order action includes instantaneous one-pion exchange and Gaussian-smeared interactions. We find that in each case the results at next-to-leading order are accurate up to corrections expected at higher order.
76 FR 45600 - Order of Succession for the Office of Healthy Homes and Lead Hazard Control
2011-07-29
... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Order of Succession for the Office of Healthy Homes and Lead Hazard Control AGENCY: Office of Healthy Homes and Lead Hazard Control, HUD. ACTION: Notice of Order of Succession. SUMMARY: In this notice, the Director of the Office of Healthy Homes and Lead Hazard Control for the Department of...
Coherent states, 6j symbols and properties of the next to leading order asymptotic expansions
Kamiński, Wojciech; Steinhaus, Sebastian
2013-12-01
We present the first complete derivation of the well-known asymptotic expansion of the SU(2) 6j symbol using a coherent state approach, in particular we succeed in computing the determinant of the Hessian matrix. To do so, we smear the coherent states and perform a partial stationary point analysis with respect to the smearing parameters. This allows us to transform the variables from group elements to dihedral angles of a tetrahedron resulting in an effective action, which coincides with the action of first order Regge calculus associated to a tetrahedron. To perform the remaining stationary point analysis, we compute its Hessian matrix and obtain the correct measure factor. Furthermore, we expand the discussion of the asymptotic formula to next to leading order terms, prove some of their properties and derive a recursion relation for the full 6j symbol.
Coherent states, 6j symbols and properties of the next to leading order asymptotic expansions
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kamiński, Wojciech, E-mail: wkaminsk@fuw.edu.pl [Wydział Fizyki, Uniwersytet Warszawski, Hoża 69, 00-681, Warsaw (Poland); Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics, 31 Caroline Street North, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 2Y5 (Canada); Max Planck Institute for Gravitational Physics, Am Mühlenberg 1, D-14476 Potsdam (Germany); Steinhaus, Sebastian, E-mail: steinhaus.sebastian@gmail.com [Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics, 31 Caroline Street North, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 2Y5 (Canada); Max Planck Institute for Gravitational Physics, Am Mühlenberg 1, D-14476 Potsdam (Germany)
2013-12-15
We present the first complete derivation of the well-known asymptotic expansion of the SU(2) 6j symbol using a coherent state approach, in particular we succeed in computing the determinant of the Hessian matrix. To do so, we smear the coherent states and perform a partial stationary point analysis with respect to the smearing parameters. This allows us to transform the variables from group elements to dihedral angles of a tetrahedron resulting in an effective action, which coincides with the action of first order Regge calculus associated to a tetrahedron. To perform the remaining stationary point analysis, we compute its Hessian matrix and obtain the correct measure factor. Furthermore, we expand the discussion of the asymptotic formula to next to leading order terms, prove some of their properties and derive a recursion relation for the full 6j symbol.
Coherent states, 6j symbols and properties of the next to leading order asymptotic expansions
Kaminski, Wojciech
2013-01-01
We present the first complete derivation of the well-known asymptotic expansion of the SU(2) 6j symbol using a coherent state approach, in particular we succeed in computing the determinant of the Hessian matrix. To do so, we smear the coherent states and perform a partial stationary point analysis with respect to the smearing parameters. This allows us to transform the variables from group elements to dihedral angles of a tetrahedron resulting in an effective action, which coincides with the action of first order Regge calculus associated to a tetrahedron. To perform the remaining stationary point analysis, we compute its Hessian matrix and obtain the correct measure factor. Furthermore, we expand the discussion of the asymptotic formula to next to leading order terms, prove some of their properties and derive a recursion relation for the full 6j symbol.
Structure/Processing Relationships of Highly Ordered Lead Salt Nanocrystal Superlattices
Hanrath, Tobias
2009-10-27
We investigated the influence of processing conditions, nanocrystal/substrate interactions and solvent evaporation rate on the ordering of strongly interacting nanocrystals by synergistically combining electron microscopy and synchrotron-based small-angle X-ray scattering analysis. Spin-cast PbSe nanocrystal films exhibited submicrometer-sized supracrystals with face-centered cubic symmetry and (001)s planes aligned parallel to the substrate. The ordering of drop-cast lead salt nanocrystal films was sensitive to the nature of the substrate and solvent evaporation dynamics. Nanocrystal films drop-cast on rough indium tin oxide substrates were polycrystalline with small grain size and low degree of orientation with respect to the substrate, whereas films drop-cast on flat Si substrates formed highly ordered face-centered cubic supracrystals with close-packed (111)s planes parallel to the substrate. The spatial coherence of nanocrystal films drop-cast in the presence of saturated solvent vapor was significantly improved compared to films drop-cast in a dry environment. Solvent vapor annealing was demonstrated as a postdeposition technique to modify the ordering of nanocrystals in the thin film. Octane vapor significantly improved the long-range order and degree of orientation of initially disordered or polycrystalline nanocrystal assemblies. Exposure to 1,2-ethanedithiol vapor caused partial displacement of surface bound oleic acid ligands and drastically degraded the degree of order in the nanocrystal assembly. © 2009 American Chemical Society.
Soffer's inequality and the transversely polarized Drell-Yan process at next-to-leading order
Martin, O; Stratmann, M; Vogelsang, W
1998-01-01
We check numerically if Soffer's inequality for quark distributions is preserved by next-to-leading order QCD evolution. Assuming that the inequality is saturated at a low hadronic scale we estimate the maximal transverse double spin asymmetry for Drell-Yan muon pair production to next-to-leading order accuracy.
Next-to-leading order QCD corrections to five jet production at the LHC
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
David Badger, Simon; Biedermann, Benedikt; Uwer, Peter;
2014-01-01
We present theoretical predictions for five-jet production in proton-proton collisions at next-to-leading-order accuracy in QCD. Inclusive as well as differential observables are studied for collision energies of 7 and 8 TeV. In general the next-to-leading-order corrections stabilize the theoreti...
Parametric Methods for Order Tracking Analysis
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Jensen, Tobias Lindstrøm; Nielsen, Jesper Kjær
2017-01-01
Order tracking analysis is often used to find the critical speeds at which structural resonances are excited by a rotating machine. Typically, order tracking analysis is performed via non-parametric methods. In this report, however, we demonstrate some of the advantages of using a parametric method...... for order tracking analysis. Specifically, we show that we get a much better time and frequency resolution, obtain a much more robust and accurate estimate of the RPM profile, and are able to perform accurate order tracking analysis even without the tachometer signal....
Static Complexity Analysis of Higher Order Programs
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Avery, James Emil; Kristiansen, Lars; Moyen, Jean-Yves
2009-01-01
The overall goal of the research presented in this paper is to find^M automatic methods for static complexity analysis of higher order^M programs.......The overall goal of the research presented in this paper is to find^M automatic methods for static complexity analysis of higher order^M programs....
Hadronic contribution to the muon anomalous magnetic moment to next-to-next-to-leading order
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kurz, Alexander [Institut für Theoretische Teilchenphysik, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), 76128 Karlsruhe (Germany); Deutsches Elektronen Synchrotron (DESY), 15738 Zeuthen (Germany); Liu, Tao [Institut für Theoretische Teilchenphysik, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), 76128 Karlsruhe (Germany); Marquard, Peter [Deutsches Elektronen Synchrotron (DESY), 15738 Zeuthen (Germany); Steinhauser, Matthias [Institut für Theoretische Teilchenphysik, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), 76128 Karlsruhe (Germany)
2014-06-27
We compute the next-to-next-to-leading order hadronic contribution to the muon anomalous magnetic moment originating from the photon vacuum polarization. The corresponding three-loop kernel functions are calculated using asymptotic expansion techniques which lead to analytic expressions. Our final result, a{sub μ}{sup had,NNLO}=1.24±0.01×10{sup −10}, has the same order of magnitude as the current uncertainty of the leading order hadronic contribution and should thus be included in future analyses.
Hadronic contribution to the muon anomalous magnetic moment to next-to-next-to-leading order
Kurz, Alexander; Marquard, Peter; Steinhauser, Matthias
2014-01-01
We compute the next-to-next-to-leading order hadronic contribution to the muon anomalous magnetic moment originating from the photon vacuum polarization. The corresponding three-loop kernel functions are calculated using asymptotic expansion techniques which lead to analytic expressions. Our final result, $a_\\mu^{\\rm had,NNLO} = 1.24 \\pm 0.01 \\times 10^{-10}$, has the same order of magnitude as the current uncertainty of the leading order hadronic contribution and should thus be included in future analyses.
Hadronic contribution to the muon anomalous magnetic moment to next-to-next-to-leading order
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kurz, Alexander [Karlsruher Institut fuer Technologie (KIT), Karlsruhe (Germany). Inst. fuer Theoretische Teilchenphysik; Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Zeuthen (Germany); Liu, Tao; Steinhauser, Matthias [Karlsruher Institut fuer Technologie (KIT), Karlsruhe (Germany). Inst. fuer Theoretische Teilchenphysik; Marquard, Peter [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Zeuthen (Germany)
2014-03-15
We compute the next-to-next-to-leading order hadronic contribution to the muon anomalous magnetic moment originating from the photon vacuum polarization. The corresponding three-loop kernel functions are calculated using asymptotic expansion techniques which lead to analytic expressions. Our final result, a{sup had,NNLO}{sub μ} = 1.24 ± 0.01 x 10{sup -10}, has the same order of magnitude as the current uncertainty of the leading order hadronic contribution and should thus be included in future analyses.
Adolph, C.; Akhunzyanov, R.; Alexeev, M.G.; Alexeev, G.D.; Amoroso, A.; Andrieux, V.; Anfimov, N.V.; Anosov, V.; Augustyniak, W.; Austregesilo, A.; Azevedo, C.D.R.; Badelek, B.; Balestra, F.; Barth, J.; Beck, R.; Bedfer, Y.; Bernhard, J.; Bicker, K.; Bielert, E.R.; Birsa, R.; Bisplinghoff, J.; Bodlak, M.; Boer, M.; Bordalo, P.; Bradamante, F.; Braun, C.; Bressan, A.; Buchele, M.; Chang, W.C.; Chiosso, M.; Choi, I.; Chung, S.U.; Cicuttin, A.; Crespo, M.L.; Curiel, Q.; Dalla Torre, S.; Dasgupta, S.S.; Dasgupta, S.; Denisov, O.Yu.; Dhara, L.; Donskov, S.V.; Doshita, N.; Duic, V.; Dunnweber, W.; Dziewiecki, M.; Efremov, A.; Eversheim, P.D.; Eyrich, W.; Faessler, M.; Ferrero, A.; Finger, M.; M. Finger jr; Fischer, H.; Franco, C.; von Hohenesche, N. du Fresne; Friedrich, J.M.; Frolov, V.; Fuchey, E.; Gautheron, F.; Gavrichtchouk, O.P.; Gerassimov, S.; Giordano, F.; Gnesi, I.; Gorzellik, M.; Grabmuller, S.; Grasso, A.; Grosse Perdekamp, M.; Grube, B.; Grussenmeyer, T.; Guskov, A.; Haas, F.; Hahne, D.; von Harrach, D.; Hashimoto, R.; Heinsius, F.H.; Heitz, R.; Herrmann, F.; Hinterberger, F.; Horikawa, N.; d'Hose, N.; Hsieh, C.Y.; Huber, S.; Ishimoto, S.; Ivanov, A.; Ivanshin, Yu.; Iwata, T.; Jahn, R.; Jary, V.; Joosten, R.; Jorg, P.; Kabuss, E.; Ketzer, B.; Khaustov, G.V.; Khokhlov, Yu. A.; Kisselev, Yu.; Klein, F.; Klimaszewski, K.; Koivuniemi, J.H.; Kolosov, V.N.; Kondo, K.; Konigsmann, K.; Konorov, I.; Konstantinov, V.F.; Kotzinian, A.M.; Kouznetsov, O.M.; Kramer, M.; Kremser, P.; Krinner, F.; Kroumchtein, Z.V.; Kulinich, Y.; Kunne, F.; Kurek, K.; Kurjata, R.P.; Lednev, A.A.; Lehmann, A.; Levillain, M.; Levorato, S.; Lichtenstadt, J.; Longo, R.; Maggiora, A.; Magnon, A.; Makins, N.; Makke, N.; Mallot, G.K.; Marchand, C.; Marianski, B.; Martin, A.; Marzec, J.; J.Matou s; Matsuda, H.; Matsuda, T.; Meshcheryakov, G.V.; Meyer, W.; Michigami, T.; Mikhailov, Yu. V.; Mikhasenko, M.; Miyachi, Y.; Montuenga, P.; Nagaytsev, A.; Nerling, F.; Neyret, D.; Nikolaenko, V.I.; Novy, J.; Nowak, W.D.; Nukazuka, G.; Nunes, A.S.; Olshevsky, A.G.; Orlov, I.; Ostrick, M.; Panzieri, D.; Parsamyan, B.; Paul, S.; Peng, J.C.; Pereira, F.; M. Pe s; Peshekhonov, D.V.; Platchkov, S.; Pochodzalla, J.; Polyakov, V.A.; Pretz, J.; Quaresma, M.; Quintans, C.; Ramos, S.; Regali, C.; Reicherz, G.; Riedl, C.; Roskot, M.; Rossiyskaya, N.S.; Ryabchikov, D.I.; Rybnikov, A.; Rychter, A.; Salac, R.; Samoylenko, V.D.; Sandacz, A.; Santos, C.; Sarkar, S.; Savin, I.A.; Sawada, T.; Sbrizzai, G.; Schiavon, P.; Schmidt, K.; Schmieden, H.; Schonning, K.; Schopferer, S.; Seder, E.; Selyunin, A.; Shevchenko, O.Yu.; Silva, L.; Sinha, L.; Sirtl, S.; Slunecka, M.; Smolik, J.; Sozzi, F.; Srnka, A.; Stolarski, M.; Sulc, M.; Suzuki, H.; Szabelski, A.; Szameitat, T.; Sznajder, P.; Takekawa, S.; Tasevsky, M.; Tessaro, S.; Tessarotto, F.; Thibaud, F.; Tosello, F.; Tskhay, V.; Uhl, S.; Veloso, J.; Virius, M.; Vondra, J.; Weisrock, T.; Wilfert, M.; Wolbeek, J. ter; Zaremba, K.; Zavada, P.; Zavertyaev, M.; Zemlyanichkina, E.; Ziembicki, M.; Zink, A.
2016-01-01
Using a novel analysis technique, the gluon polarisation in the nucleon is re-evaluated using the longitudinal double-spin asymmetry measured in the cross section of semi-inclusive single-hadron muoproduction with photon virtuality $Q^2>1~({\\rm GeV}/c)^2$. The data were obtained by the COMPASS experiment at CERN using a 160 GeV/$c$ polarised muon beam impinging on a polarised $^6$LiD target. By analysing the full range in hadron transverse momentum $p_T$, the different $p_T$-dependences of the underlying processes are separated using a neural-network approach. In the absence of pQCD calculations at next-to-leading order in the selected kinematic domain, the gluon polarisation $\\Delta g/g$ is evaluated at leading order in pQCD at a hard scale of $\\mu^2 = \\langle Q^2\\rangle = 3(GeV=c)^2$. It is determined in three intervals of the nucleon momentum fraction carried by gluons, $x_g$, covering the range $0.04 \\!<\\! x_{ \\rm g}\\! <\\! 0.28$ . and does not exhibit a significant dependence on $x_{\\rm g}$. Average...
Adolph, C.; Akhunzyanov, R.; Alexeev, M.G.; Alexeev, G.D.; Amoroso, A.; Andrieux, V.; Anfimov, N.V.; Anosov, V.; Augustyniak, W.; Austregesilo, A.; Azevedo, C.D.R.; Badelek, B.; Balestra, F.; Barth, J.; Beck, R.; Bedfer, Y.; Bernhard, J.; Bicker, K.; Bielert, E.R.; Birsa, R.; Bisplinghoff, J.; Bodlak, M.; Boer, M.; Bordalo, P.; Bradamante, F.; Braun, C.; Bressan, A.; Buchele, M.; Chang, W.C.; Chiosso, M.; Choi, I.; Chung, S.U.; Cicuttin, A.; Crespo, M.L.; Curiel, Q.; Dalla Torre, S.; Dasgupta, S.S.; Dasgupta, S.; Denisov, O.Yu.; Dhara, L.; Donskov, S.V.; Doshita, N.; Duic, V.; Dunnweber, W.; Dziewiecki, M.; Efremov, A.; Eversheim, P.D.; Eyrich, W.; Faessler, M.; Ferrero, A.; Finger, M.; M. Finger jr; Fischer, H.; Franco, C.; von Hohenesche, N. du Fresne; Friedrich, J.M.; Frolov, V.; Fuchey, E.; Gautheron, F.; Gavrichtchouk, O.P.; Gerassimov, S.; Giordano, F.; Gnesi, I.; Gorzellik, M.; Grabmuller, S.; Grasso, A.; Grosse Perdekamp, M.; Grube, B.; Grussenmeyer, T.; Guskov, A.; Haas, F.; Hahne, D.; von Harrach, D.; Hashimoto, R.; Heinsius, F.H.; Heitz, R.; Herrmann, F.; Hinterberger, F.; Horikawa, N.; d'Hose, N.; Hsieh, C.Y.; Huber, S.; Ishimoto, S.; Ivanov, A.; Ivanshin, Yu.; Iwata, T.; Jahn, R.; Jary, V.; Joosten, R.; Jorg, P.; Kabuss, E.; Ketzer, B.; Khaustov, G.V.; Khokhlov, Yu. A.; Kisselev, Yu.; Klein, F.; Klimaszewski, K.; Koivuniemi, J.H.; Kolosov, V.N.; Kondo, K.; Konigsmann, K.; Konorov, I.; Konstantinov, V.F.; Kotzinian, A.M.; Kouznetsov, O.M.; Kramer, M.; Kremser, P.; Krinner, F.; Kroumchtein, Z.V.; Kulinich, Y.; Kunne, F.; Kurek, K.; Kurjata, R.P.; Lednev, A.A.; Lehmann, A.; Levillain, M.; Levorato, S.; Lichtenstadt, J.; Longo, R.; Maggiora, A.; Magnon, A.; Makins, N.; Makke, N.; Mallot, G.K.; Marchand, C.; Marianski, B.; Martin, A.; Marzec, J.; J.Matou s; Matsuda, H.; Matsuda, T.; Meshcheryakov, G.V.; Meyer, W.; Michigami, T.; Mikhailov, Yu. V.; Mikhasenko, M.; Miyachi, Y.; Montuenga, P.; Nagaytsev, A.; Nerling, F.; Neyret, D.; Nikolaenko, V.I.; Novy, J.; Nowak, W.D.; Nukazuka, G.; Nunes, A.S.; Olshevsky, A.G.; Orlov, I.; Ostrick, M.; Panzieri, D.; Parsamyan, B.; Paul, S.; Peng, J.C.; Pereira, F.; M. Pe s; Peshekhonov, D.V.; Platchkov, S.; Pochodzalla, J.; Polyakov, V.A.; Pretz, J.; Quaresma, M.; Quintans, C.; Ramos, S.; Regali, C.; Reicherz, G.; Riedl, C.; Roskot, M.; Rossiyskaya, N.S.; Ryabchikov, D.I.; Rybnikov, A.; Rychter, A.; Salac, R.; Samoylenko, V.D.; Sandacz, A.; Santos, C.; Sarkar, S.; Savin, I.A.; Sawada, T.; Sbrizzai, G.; Schiavon, P.; Schmidt, K.; Schmieden, H.; Schonning, K.; Schopferer, S.; Seder, E.; Selyunin, A.; Shevchenko, O.Yu.; Silva, L.; Sinha, L.; Sirtl, S.; Slunecka, M.; Smolik, J.; Sozzi, F.; Srnka, A.; Stolarski, M.; Sulc, M.; Suzuki, H.; Szabelski, A.; Szameitat, T.; Sznajder, P.; Takekawa, S.; Tasevsky, M.; Tessaro, S.; Tessarotto, F.; Thibaud, F.; Tosello, F.; Tskhay, V.; Uhl, S.; Veloso, J.; Virius, M.; Vondra, J.; Weisrock, T.; Wilfert, M.; Wolbeek, J. ter; Zaremba, K.; Zavada, P.; Zavertyaev, M.; Zemlyanichkina, E.; Ziembicki, M.; Zink, A.
2017-01-01
Using a novel analysis technique, the gluon polarisation in the nucleon is re-evaluated using the longitudinal double-spin asymmetry measured in the cross section of semi-inclusive single-hadron muoproduction with photon virtuality $Q^2>1~({\\rm GeV}/c)^2$. The data were obtained by the COMPASS experiment at CERN using a 160 GeV/$c$ polarised muon beam impinging on a polarised $^6$LiD target. By analysing the full range in hadron transverse momentum $p_T$, the different $p_T$-dependences of the underlying processes are separated using a neural-network approach. In the absence of pQCD calculations at next-to-leading order in the selected kinematic domain, the gluon polarisation $\\Delta g/g$ is evaluated at leading order in pQCD at a hard scale of $\\mu^2 = \\langle Q^2\\rangle = 3(GeV=c)^2$. It is determined in three intervals of the nucleon momentum fraction carried by gluons, $x_g$, covering the range $0.04 \\!<\\! x_{ \\rm g}\\! <\\! 0.28$ . and does not exhibit a significant dependence on $x_{\\rm g}$. Average...
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Hua-Ming Song
2011-01-01
Full Text Available This paper investigates the ordering decisions and coordination mechanism for a distributed short-life-cycle supply chain. The objective is to maximize the whole supply chain's expected profit and meanwhile make the supply chain participants achieve a Pareto improvement. We treat lead time as a controllable variable, thus the demand forecast is dependent on lead time: the shorter lead time, the better forecast. Moreover, optimal decision-making models for lead time and order quantity are formulated and compared in the decentralized and centralized cases. Besides, a three-parameter contract is proposed to coordinate the supply chain and alleviate the double margin in the decentralized scenario. In addition, based on the analysis of the models, we develop an algorithmic procedure to find the optimal ordering decisions. Finally, a numerical example is also presented to illustrate the results.
Next-to-leading order QCD corrections to paired Bc production in e+e- annihilation
Berezhnoy, A. V.; Likhoded, A. K.; Onishchenko, A. I.; Poslavsky, S. V.
2017-02-01
We present theoretical analysis of paired Bc mesons production in e+e- annihilation at different energy scales taking into account full next-to-leading order QCD corrections. Both possible electroweak channels are considered: production via virtual photon and via virtual Z-boson. We study in detail the role of radiative QCD corrections, which were found to be significant especially at low energies. It is shown that the contribution from Z-boson is significant at high energies (√{ s} >MZ / 2) especially in the case of paired production of pseudo-scalar and vector (Bc +Bc*) mesons. Azimuthal asymmetry induced by a P-violating weak interaction with Z-boson is also analyzed.
QCD event generators with next-to-leading order matrix-elements and parton showers
Kurihara, Y; Ishikawa, T; Kato, K; Kawabata, S; Munehisa, T; Tanaka, H
2003-01-01
A new method to construct event-generators based on next-to-leading order QCD matrix-elements and leading-logarithmic parton showers is proposed. Matrix elements of loop diagram as well as those of a tree level can be generated using an automatic system. A soft/collinear singularity is treated using a leading-log subtraction method. Higher order re-summation of the soft/collinear correction by the parton shower method is combined with the NLO matrix-element without any double-counting in this method. An example of the event generator for Drell-Yan process is given for demonstrating a validity of this method.
Nuclear and partonic dynamics in the EMC effect at Next-to-Next-to-Leading order
Tehrani, S Atashbar
2014-01-01
We study in details the parameterizations of the nuclear parton distributions at the next-to-next-to-leading order (NNLO) of $\\alpha_s$. In low $x$ and $Q_0^2$, we observe negative gluon distribution at this order which signals the saturation condition or the quark-gluon plasma condition. Our study also shows the gluon distribution at (NNLO) is less than next-to-leading order (NLO) of $\\alpha_s$, and the sea quark distribution at (NNLO) is larger than (NLO).
Next-to-Leading-Order Monte Carlo Simulation of Diphoton Production in Hadronic Collisions
D'Errico, Luca
2011-01-01
We present a method, based on the positive weight next-to-leading-order matching formalism (POWHEG), to simulate photon production processes at next-to-leading-order (NLO). This technique is applied to the simulation of diphoton production in hadron-hadron collisions. The algorithm consistently combines the parton shower and NLO calculation, producing only positive weight events. The simulation includes both the photon fragmentation contribution and a full implementation of the truncated shower required to correctly describe soft emissions in an angular-ordered parton shower.
Study of beauty quark production and next-to-leading order at HERA
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Nuncio Quiroz, Adriana Elizabeth
2008-08-15
In this thesis a study on the production and evolution of beauty quarks in ep collisions at HERA is presented. The emphasis is put on the corresponding Quantum Chromodynamics predictions including next-to-leading order corrections. In the context of this work the FMNR x Pythia interface was developed, which calculates next-to-leading order Quantum Chromodynamics predictions at visible level for heavy-flavour processes in the photoproduction regime. This is achieved using the RedStat routines which transform the FMNR program into a Monte Carlo-like event generator. The parton-level events obtained are interfaced to Pythia using the Le Houches accord routines. All branching ratios and decay channels of the heavy quarks implemented in the Pythia framework are used, and therefore complex cuts on the nal state can be applied. The FMNR x Pythia interface is applied in this thesis to obtain next-to-leading order predictions for the recently finished heavy flavour ZEUS analyses: the ep {yields} b anti bX {yields} D{sup *}{mu}X' and ep {yields} b anti bX {yields} {mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -}X' channels. A comparison with the H1 D{sup *}{mu} measurement is also performed. Since the use of such double tagging techniques to identify events where heavy flavours are present proved to be very convenient when the nal state is a pair of leptons, another part of this thesis work deals with the implementation of an electron finder, the {sup G}Elec finder. This finder is tested on the reconstruction of the J/{psi} {yields} e{sup +}e{sup -} signal. Finally, a heavy-flavour analysis has been started, namely the ep {yields} b anti bX {yields} e{mu}X' dilepton channel, using an integrated luminosity of 114 pb{sup -1} gated by the ZEUS detector in the years 1996-2000. Compared to previous analyses the study of beauty quark production in this channel extends the phase space of the measurement closer to the kinematic threshold, since electrons provide access to lower p{sub T} values
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Adolph, C.; Braun, C.; Eyrich, W.; Lehmann, A.; Zink, A. [Universitaet Erlangen-Nuernberg, Physikalisches Institut, Erlangen (Germany); Aghasyan, M.; Birsa, R.; Dalla Torre, S.; Levorato, S.; Santos, C.; Sozzi, F.; Tessaro, S.; Tessarotto, F. [INFN, Trieste (Italy); Akhunzyanov, R.; Alexeev, G.D.; Anfimov, N.V.; Anosov, V.; Efremov, A.; Gavrichtchouk, O.P.; Guskov, A.; Ivanshin, Yu.; Kisselev, Yu.; Kouznetsov, O.M.; Kroumchtein, Z.V.; Meshcheryakov, G.V.; Nagaytsev, A.; Olshevsky, A.G.; Orlov, I.; Peshekhonov, D.V.; Rossiyskaya, N.S.; Rybnikov, A.; Savin, I.A.; Selyunin, A.; Shevchenko, O.Yu.; Slunecka, M.; Smolik, J.; Tasevsky, M.; Zavada, P.; Zemlyanichkina, E. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna, Moscow region (Russian Federation); Alexeev, M.G. [University of Turin, Department of Physics, Turin (Italy); Amoroso, A.; Balestra, F.; Chiosso, M.; Gnesi, I.; Grasso, A.; Ivanov, A.; Kotzinian, A.M.; Longo, R.; Parsamyan, B.; Takekawa, S. [University of Turin, Department of Physics, Turin (Italy); INFN, Turin (Italy); Andrieux, V.; Boer, M.; Curiel, Q.; Ferrero, A.; Fuchey, E.; Hose, N. d'
2017-04-15
Using a novel analysis technique, the gluon polarisation in the nucleon is re-evaluated using the longitudinal double-spin asymmetry measured in the cross section of semi-inclusive single-hadron muoproduction with photon virtuality Q{sup 2} > 1 (GeV/c){sup 2}. The data were obtained by the COMPASS experiment at CERN using a 160 GeV/c polarised muon beam impinging on a polarised {sup 6}LiD target. By analysing the full range in hadron transverse momentum p{sub T}, the different p{sub T}-dependences of the underlying processes are separated using a neural-network approach. In the absence of pQCD calculations at next-to-leading order in the selected kinematic domain, the gluon polarisation Δg/g is evaluated at leading order in pQCD at a hard scale of μ{sup 2} = left angle Q{sup 2} right angle = 3 (GeV/c){sup 2}. It is determined in three intervals of the nucleon momentum fraction carried by gluons, x{sub g}, covering the range 0.04 < x{sub g} < 0.28 and does not exhibit a significant dependence on x{sub g}. The average over the three intervals, left angle Δg/g right angle = 0.113 ± 0.038{sub (stat.)} ± 0.036{sub (syst.)} at left angle x{sub g} right angle ∼ 0.10, suggests that the gluon polarisation is positive in the measured x{sub g} range. (orig.)
Fully Differential Vector-Boson-Fusion Higgs Production at Next-to-Next-to-Leading Order.
Cacciari, Matteo; Dreyer, Frédéric A; Karlberg, Alexander; Salam, Gavin P; Zanderighi, Giulia
2015-08-21
We calculate the fully differential next-to-next-to-leading-order (NNLO) corrections to vector-boson fusion (VBF) Higgs boson production at proton colliders, in the limit in which there is no cross talk between the hadronic systems associated with the two protons. We achieve this using a new "projection-to-Born" method that combines an inclusive NNLO calculation in the structure-function approach and a suitably factorized next-to-leading-order VBF Higgs plus three-jet calculation, using appropriate Higgs plus two-parton counterevents. An earlier calculation of the fully inclusive cross section had found small NNLO corrections, at the 1% level. In contrast, the cross section after typical experimental VBF cuts receives NNLO contributions of about (5-6)%, while differential distributions show corrections of up to (10-12)% for some standard observables. The corrections are often outside the next-to-leading-order scale-uncertainty band.
Triton charge radius to next-to-next-to-leading order in pionless effective field theory
Vanasse, Jared
2017-02-01
The triton point charge radius is calculated to next-to-next-to-leading order (NNLO) in pionless effective field theory ( EFT (π / )) , yielding a prediction of 1.14 ±0.19 fm (leading order), 1.59 ±0.08 fm (next-to leading order), and 1.62 ±0.03 fm (NNLO) in agreement with the current experimental extraction of 1.5978 ±0.040 fm [Angeli and Marinova, At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 99, 69 (2013)], 10.1016/j.adt.2011.12.006. The error at NNLO is due to cutoff variation (˜1 % ) within a reasonable range of calculated cutoffs and from a EFT (π / ) error estimate (˜1.5 % ). In addition new techniques are introduced to add perturbative corrections to bound- and scattering state calculations for short-range effective field theories, but with a focus on their use in EFT (π / ) .
Chaos in two black holes with next-to-leading order spin-spin interactions
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Huang, Guoqing; Ni, Xiaoting; Wu, Xin [Nanchang University, Department of Physics, Nanchang (China)
2014-08-15
We take into account the dynamics of a complete third post-Newtonian conservative Hamiltonian of two spinning black holes, where the orbital part arrives at the third post-Newtonian precision level and the spin-spin part with the spin-orbit part includes the leading-order and next-to-leading-order contributions. It is shown through numerical simulations that the next-to-leading-order spin-spin couplings play an important role in chaos. A dynamical sensitivity to the variation of single parameter is also investigated in some cases. In particular, there are a number of observable orbits whose initial radii are large enough and which are chaotic before coalescence. (orig.)
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Kotb A.E.H.M. Kotb
2011-01-01
Full Text Available Problem statement: In this study, we provide a simple method to determine the inventory policy of probabilistic single-item Economic Order Quantity (EOQ model, that has varying order cost and zero lead time. The model is restricted to the expected holding cost and the expected available limited storage space. Approach: The annual expected total cost is composed of three components (expected purchase cost, expected ordering cost and expected holding cost. The problem is then solved using a modified Geometric Programming method (GP. Results: Using the annual expected total cost to determine the optimal solutions, number of periods, maximum inventory level and minimum expected total cost per period. A classical model is derived and numerical example is solved to confirm the model. Conclusion/Recommendations: The results indicated the total cost decreased with changes in optimal solutions. Possible future extension of this model was include continuous decreasing ordering function of the number of periods and introducing expected annual demand rate as a decision variable.
Renormalization of an Abelian Tensor Group Field Theory: Solution at Leading Order
Lahoche, Vincent; Rivasseau, Vincent
2015-01-01
We study a just renormalizable tensorial group field theory of rank six with quartic melonic interactions and Abelian group U(1). We introduce the formalism of the intermediate field, which allows a precise characterization of the leading order Feynman graphs. We define the renormalization of the model, compute its (perturbative) renormalization group flow and write its expansion in terms of effective couplings. We then establish closed equations for the two point and four point functions at leading (melonic) order. Using the effective expansion and its uniform exponential bounds we prove that these equations admit a unique solution at small renormalized coupling.
Three-Parton Contributions to B --> M_1 M_2 Annihilation at Leading Order
Arnesen, C M; Stewart, I W; Arnesen, Christian M.; Rothstein, Ira Z.; Stewart, Iain W.
2006-01-01
We compute annihilation amplitudes for charmless B decays that are proportional to the three-parton twist-3 light meson distribution amplitude phi_{3M}(x1,x2) with an active gluon. Due to an enhancement from a quark propagator at the scale p^2 ~ mb\\Lambda_QCD these terms occur at the same parametric order in alpha_s(mb) and 1/mb as the known leading order annihilation involving fB and twist-2 meson distributions. With our calculation the leading order annihilation amplitude is now complete. At lowest order in alpha_s the amplitudes are real and only O_{5-8} contribute. Using simple models we find that the three-parton and two-parton terms are of comparable size.
Rapidity evolution of Wilson lines at the next-to-leading order
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Balitsky, Ian [JLAB, Old Dominion U.; Chirilli, Giovanni [LBL
2013-12-01
At high energies particles move very fast so the proper degrees of freedom for the fast gluons moving along the straight lines are Wilson-line operators - infinite gauge factors ordered along the line. In the framework of operator expansion in Wilson lines the energy dependence of the amplitudes is determined by the rapidity evolution of Wilson lines. We present the next-to-leading order hierarchy of the evolution equations for Wilson-line operators.
Leading order multi-soft behaviors of tree amplitudes in NLSM
Du, Yi-Jian
2016-01-01
In this paper, we investigate multi-soft behaviors of tree amplitudes in nonlinear sigma model (NLSM). We prove that the leading behaviors of amplitudes with odd number of all adjacent soft pions are zero. We further propose and prove the leading behaviors of amplitudes with even number of all adjacent soft pions. The soft factors for this case are expressed in terms of products of the leading order Berends- Giele sub-currents in Cayley parametrization. Each sub-current in the expression contains at most one hard pion. We generalize our discussion to amplitudes containing arbitrary number of nonadjacent soft blocks: The leading behaviors of amplitudes where at least one soft block has odd number of adjacent soft pions are zero; The leading soft factors for amplitudes where all soft blocks containing even number of soft pions are given by products of soft factors for all blocks.
Leading order multi-soft behaviors of tree amplitudes in NLSM
Du, Yi-Jian; Luo, Hui
2017-03-01
In this paper, we investigate multi-soft behaviors of tree amplitudes in nonlinear sigma model (NLSM). The leading behaviors of amplitudes with odd number of all-adjacent soft pions are zero. We further propose and prove that leading soft factors of amplitudes with even number all-adjacent soft pions can be expressed in terms of products of the leading order Berends-Giele sub-currents in Cayley parametrization. Each subcurrent in the expression contains at most one hard pion. Discussions are generalized to amplitudes containing arbitrary number of nonadjacent soft blocks: the leading behaviors of amplitudes where at least one soft block has odd number of adjacent soft pions are zero; the leading soft factors for amplitudes where all soft blocks containing even number of soft pions are given by products of soft factors for these blocks.
Next-to-leading order SUSY-QCD calculation of associated production of gauginos and gluinos
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Berger, Edmond L.; Tait, T.M.P. [Argonne National Laboratory, High Energy Physics Division, Argonne, IL (United States); Klasen, M. [Universitaet Hamburg, II. Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Hamburg (Germany)
2001-07-01
Results are presented of a next-to-leading order calculation in perturbative QCD of the production of charginos and neutralinos in association with gluinos at hadron colliders. Predictions for cross sections are shown at the energies of the Fermilab Tevatron and CERN Large Hadron Collider for a typical supergravity (SUGRA) model of the sparticle mass spectrum and for a light gluino model. (author)
Top-quark decay at next-to-next-to-leading order in QCD.
Gao, Jun; Li, Chong Sheng; Zhu, Hua Xing
2013-01-25
We present the complete calculation of the top-quark decay width at next-to-next-to-leading order in QCD, including next-to-leading electroweak corrections as well as finite bottom quark mass and W boson width effects. In particular, we also show the first results of the fully differential decay rates for the top-quark semileptonic decay t → W(+)(l(+)ν)b at next-to-next-to-leading order in QCD. Our method is based on the understanding of the invariant mass distribution of the final-state jet in the singular limit from effective field theory. Our result can be used to study arbitrary infrared-safe observables of top-quark decay with the highest perturbative accuracy.
Spin Polarized Photons from Axially Charged Plasma at Weak Coupling: Complete Leading Order
Mamo, Kiminad A
2015-01-01
In the presence of (approximately conserved) axial charge in the QCD plasma at finite temperature, the emitted photons are spin-aligned, which is a unique P- and CP-odd signature of axial charge in the photon emission observables. We compute this "P-odd photon emission rate" in weak coupling regime at high temperature limit to complete leading order in the QCD coupling constant: the leading log as well as the constant under the log. As in the P-even total emission rate in the literature, the computation of P-odd emission rate at leading order consists of three parts: 1) Compton and Pair Annihilation processes with hard momentum exchange, 2) soft t- and u-channel contributions with Hard Thermal Loop re-summation, 3) Landau-Pomeranchuk-Migdal (LPM) re-summation of collinear Bremstrahlung and Pair Annihilation. We present analytical and numerical evaluations of these contributions to our P-odd photon emission rate observable.
Higher-order spin and charge dynamics in a quantum dot-lead hybrid system.
Otsuka, Tomohiro; Nakajima, Takashi; Delbecq, Matthieu R; Amaha, Shinichi; Yoneda, Jun; Takeda, Kenta; Allison, Giles; Stano, Peter; Noiri, Akito; Ito, Takumi; Loss, Daniel; Ludwig, Arne; Wieck, Andreas D; Tarucha, Seigo
2017-09-22
Understanding the dynamics of open quantum systems is important and challenging in basic physics and applications for quantum devices and quantum computing. Semiconductor quantum dots offer a good platform to explore the physics of open quantum systems because we can tune parameters including the coupling to the environment or leads. Here, we apply the fast single-shot measurement techniques from spin qubit experiments to explore the spin and charge dynamics due to tunnel coupling to a lead in a quantum dot-lead hybrid system. We experimentally observe both spin and charge time evolution via first- and second-order tunneling processes, and reveal the dynamics of the spin-flip through the intermediate state. These results enable and stimulate the exploration of spin dynamics in dot-lead hybrid systems, and may offer useful resources for spin manipulation and simulation of open quantum systems.
On the covariant formalism of the effective field theory of gravity and leading order corrections
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Codello, Alessandro; Jain, Rajeev Kumar
2016-01-01
We construct the covariant effective field theory of gravity as an expansion in inverse powers of the Planck mass, identifying the leading and next-to-leading quantum corrections. We determine the form of the effective action for the cases of pure gravity with cosmological constant as well...... as gravity coupled to matter. By means of heat kernel methods we renormalize and compute the leading quantum corrections to quadratic order in a curvature expansion. The final effective action in our covariant formalism is generally non-local and can be readily used to understand the phenomenology...... on different spacetimes. In particular, we point out that on curved backgrounds the observable leading quantum gravitational effects are less suppressed than on Minkowski spacetime....
On the covariant formalism of the effective field theory of gravity and leading order corrections
Codello, Alessandro; Jain, Rajeev Kumar
2016-11-01
We construct the covariant effective field theory of gravity as an expansion in inverse powers of the Planck mass, identifying the leading and next-to-leading quantum corrections. We determine the form of the effective action for the cases of pure gravity with cosmological constant as well as gravity coupled to matter. By means of heat kernel methods we renormalize and compute the leading quantum corrections to quadratic order in a curvature expansion. The final effective action in our covariant formalism is generally non-local and can be readily used to understand the phenomenology on different spacetimes. In particular, we point out that on curved backgrounds the observable leading quantum gravitational effects are less suppressed than on Minkowski spacetime.
Gelis, François; Laidet, Julien
2013-02-01
In F. Gelis et al. [Phys. Rev. D 78, 054019 (2008).PRVDAQ1550-7998], we have analyzed the leading logarithms of energy that appear in the inclusive spectrum of gluons produced in heavy ion collisions, calculated in the color glass condensate framework. The main result of this paper was that these logarithms are intrinsic properties of the colliding projectiles, and that they can be resummed by letting the distributions of color sources in the nuclei evolve according to the Jalilian-Marian-Iancu-McLerran-Weigert-Leonidov-Kovner equation. An essential step in the proof of this factorization result is the calculation of the gluon spectrum at next-to-leading order (NLO), and in particular a functional relationship that expresses the NLO correction as the action of a certain operator on the leading order spectrum. In this paper, we show that this type of relation between spectra at leading order and NLO is not specific to the production of gluons, but that it is in fact generic for inclusive spectra in heavy ion collisions. To illustrate this, we compute up to NLO the inclusive spectrum of some hypothetical scalar fields, either color neutral or colored, that couple to gluons.
Next-to-Leading Order Predictions for W + 3-Jet Distributions at Hadron Colliders
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Berger, C.F.; /MIT, LNS; Bern, Z.; /UCLA; Dixon, L.J.; /SLAC; Febres Cordero, F.; /UCLA; Forde, D.; Gleisberg, T.; /SLAC; Ita, H.; /UCLA; Kosower, D.A.; /Saclay, SPhT; Maitre, D.; /Durham U.
2009-12-09
We present next-to-leading order QCD predictions for a variety of distributions in W + 3-jet production at both the Tevatron and the Large Hadron Collider. We include all subprocesses and incorporate the decay of the W boson into leptons. Our results are in excellent agreement with existing Tevatron data and provide the first quantitatively precise next-to-leading order predictions for the LHC. We include all terms in an expansion in the number of colors, confirming that the specific leading-color approximation used in our previous study is accurate to within three percent. The dependence of the cross section on renormalization and factorization scales is reduced significantly with respect to a leading-order calculation. We study different dynamical scale choices, and find that the total transverse energy is significantly better than choices used in previous phenomenological studies. We compute the one-loop matrix elements using on-shell methods, as numerically implemented in the BlackHat code. The remaining parts of the calculation, including generation of the real-emission contributions and integration over phase space, are handled by the SHERPA package.
Leading-order cross term correction of three-dimensional parabolic equation models.
Sturm, Frédéric
2016-01-01
The issue of handling a leading-order cross-multiplied term in three-dimensional (3D) parabolic equation (PE) based models is addressed. In particular, numerical results obtained incorporating a leading-order cross-term correction in an existing 3D PE model, written in cylindrical coordinates, based on higher-order Padé approximations in both depth and azimuth, and a splitting operator technique are reported. Note that the numerical algorithm proposed in this paper could be used in the future to update any 3D PE codes that neglect cross terms and use a splitting numerical technique. The 3D penetrable wedge benchmark problem is chosen to illustrate the accuracy of the now-fully wide-angle enhanced 3D PE model. The comparisons with a 3D reference solution based on the image source clearly show that handling the leading-order cross term in the 3D PE computation is sufficient to remove the phase errors inherent to any 3D PE models that neglect cross terms in their formulations.
Altinoluk, Tolga; Beuf, Guillaume; Kovner, Alex; Lublinsky, Michael
2014-01-01
We reconsider the perturbative next-to-leading calculation of the single inclusive hadron production in the framework of the hybrid formalism, applied to hadron production in proton-nucleus collisions. Our analysis, performed in the wave function approach, differs from the previous works in three points. First, we are careful to specify unambiguously the rapidity interval that has to be included in the evolution of the leading-order eikonal scattering amplitude. This is important, since varying this interval by a number of order unity changes the next-to-leading order correction that the calculation is meant to determine. Second, we introduce the explicit requirement that fast fluctuations in the projectile wave function which only exist for a short time are not resolved by the target. This Ioffe time cutoff also strongly affects the next-to-leading order terms. Third, our result does not employ the approximation of a large number of colors. Our final expressions are unambiguous and do not coincide at next-to...
Higgs production in bottom-quark fusion: Matching beyond leading order
Forte, Stefano; Napoletano, Davide; Ubiali, Maria
2016-12-01
We compute the total cross-section for Higgs boson production in bottom-quark fusion using the so-called FONLL method for the matching of a scheme in which the b-quark is treated as a massless parton to that in which it is treated as a massive final-state particle, and extend our previous results to the case in which the next-to-next-to-leading-log five-flavour scheme result is combined with the next-to-leading-order O (αs3) four-flavour scheme computation.
Towards semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering at next-to-next-to-leading order
Anderle, Daniele; de Florian, Daniel; Rotstein Habarnau, Yamila
2017-02-01
In this paper, we compute the first set of O (αs2) corrections to semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering structure functions. We start by studying the impact of the contribution of the partonic subprocesses that open at this order for the longitudinal structure function. We perform the full calculation analytically, and obtain the expression of the factorized cross section at this order. Special care is given to the study of their flavor decomposition structure. We analyze the phenomenological effect of the corrections finding that, even though expected to be small a priori, it turns out to be sizable with respect to the previous order known, calling for a full next-to-next-to-leading order calculation.
Complete next-to-next-to-leading order calculation of NN → NNπ in chiral effective field theory
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Filin A. A.
2014-01-01
Full Text Available We present the results of the pion production operator calculated up-to-and-including next-to-next-to-leading order (NNLO in chiral effective field theory. We include explicit Delta degrees of freedom and demonstrate that they provide essential contribution required to understand neutral pion production data. Analysis of chiral loops at NNLO reveals new mechanisms which are important, but haven’t been considered in phenomenological studies so far.
Leading order relativistic corrections to the dipole polarizability of the hydrogen molecular ions
Aznabayev, D T; Zhaugasheva, S A; Korobov, V I
2016-01-01
The static dipole polarizability for the hydrogen molecular ions H$_2^+$, HD$^+$, and D$_2^+$ are calculated. These new data for polarizability takes into account the leading order relativistic corrections to the wave function of the three-body system resulted from the Breit-Pauli Hamiltonian of $m\\alpha^4$ order. Our study covers a wide range of rotational ($L=0-5$) and vibrational ($v=0-10$) states, which are of practical interest for precision spectroscopy of the hydrogen molecular ions.
Matching next-to-leading order predictions to parton showers in supersymmetric QCD
Degrande, Celine; Fuks, Benjamin; Hirschi, Valentin; Proudom, Josselin; Shao, Hua-Sheng
2016-01-01
We present a fully automated framework based on the FeynRules and MadGraph5 aMC@NLO programs that allows for accurate simulations of supersymmetric QCD processes at the LHC. Starting directly from a model Lagrangian that features squark and gluino interactions, event generation is achieved at the next-to-leading order in QCD, matching short-distance events to parton showers and including the subsequent decay of the produced supersymmetric particles. As an application, we study the impact of higher-order corrections in gluino pair-production in a simplified benchmark scenario inspired by current gluino LHC searches.
Matching next-to-leading order predictions to parton showers in supersymmetric QCD
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Céline Degrande
2016-04-01
Full Text Available We present a fully automated framework based on the FeynRules and MadGraph5_aMC@NLO programs that allows for accurate simulations of supersymmetric QCD processes at the LHC. Starting directly from a model Lagrangian that features squark and gluino interactions, event generation is achieved at the next-to-leading order in QCD, matching short-distance events to parton showers and including the subsequent decay of the produced supersymmetric particles. As an application, we study the impact of higher-order corrections in gluino pair-production in a simplified benchmark scenario inspired by current gluino LHC searches.
$B^0-\\bar{B}^0$ Mixing at Next-to-Leading Order
Grozin, Andrey G; Mannel, Thomas; Pivovarov, Alexei A
2016-01-01
We compute the perturbative corrections to the HQET sum rules for the matrix element of the \\Delta B=2 operator that determines the mass shift of $B^0$, $\\bar{B}^0$ states. Technically, we obtain analytically the non-factorizable contributions at order $\\alpha_s$ to the bag parameter that first appear at the three-loop level. Together with the known non-perturbative corrections due to vacuum condensates and $1/m_b$ corrections, the full next-to-leading order result is now available. We present a numerical value for the renormalization group invariant bag parameter that is phenomenologically relevant and discuss comparison with recent lattice determinations.
Lattice Simulations for Light Nuclei: Chiral Effective Field Theory at Leading Order
Borasoy, B; Krebs, H; Lee, D; Meißner, Ulf G; Borasoy, Bugra; Epelbaum, Evgeny; Krebs, Hermann; Lee, Dean; Mei{\\ss}ner, Ulf-G.
2006-01-01
We discuss lattice simulations of light nuclei at leading order in chiral effective field theory. Using lattice pion fields and auxiliary fields, we include the physics of instantaneous one-pion exchange and the leading-order S-wave contact interactions. We also consider higher-derivative contact interactions which adjust the S-wave scattering amplitude at higher momenta. By construction our lattice path integral is positive definite in the limit of exact Wigner SU(4) symmetry for any even number of nucleons. This SU(4) positivity and the approximate SU(4) symmetry of the low-energy interactions play an important role in suppressing sign and phase oscillations in Monte Carlo simulations. We assess the computational scaling of the lattice algorithm for light nuclei with up to eight nucleons and analyze in detail calculations of the deuteron, triton, and helium-4.
W+ W- production at hadron colliders in next to next to leading order QCD.
Gehrmann, T; Grazzini, M; Kallweit, S; Maierhöfer, P; von Manteuffel, A; Pozzorini, S; Rathlev, D; Tancredi, L
2014-11-21
Charged gauge boson pair production at the Large Hadron Collider allows detailed probes of the fundamental structure of electroweak interactions. We present precise theoretical predictions for on-shell W+ W- production that include, for the first time, QCD effects up to next to next to leading order in perturbation theory. As compared to next to leading order, the inclusive W+ W- cross section is enhanced by 9% at 7 TeV and 12% at 14 TeV. The residual perturbative uncertainty is at the 3% level. The severe contamination of the W+ W- cross section due to top-quark resonances is discussed in detail. Comparing different definitions of top-free W+ W- production in the four and five flavor number schemes, we demonstrate that top-quark resonances can be separated from the inclusive W+ W- cross section without a significant loss of theoretical precision.
Abramov, Rafail V.
2017-03-01
The classical fluctuation-dissipation theorem predicts the average response of a dynamical system to an external deterministic perturbation via time-lagged statistical correlation functions of the corresponding unperturbed system. In this work we develop a fluctuation-response theory and test a computational framework for the leading order response of statistical averages of a deterministic or stochastic dynamical system to an external stochastic perturbation. In the case of a stochastic unperturbed dynamical system, we compute the leading order fluctuation-response formulas for two different cases: when the existing stochastic term is perturbed, and when a new, statistically independent, stochastic perturbation is introduced. We numerically investigate the effectiveness of the new response formulas for an appropriately rescaled Lorenz 96 system, in both the deterministic and stochastic unperturbed dynamical regimes.
High-order aberration control during exposure for leading-edge lithography projection optics
Ohmura, Yasuhiro; Tsuge, Yosuke; Hirayama, Toru; Ikezawa, Hironori; Inoue, Daisuke; Kitamura, Yasuhiro; Koizumi, Yukio; Hasegawa, Keisuke; Ishiyama, Satoshi; Nakashima, Toshiharu; Kikuchi, Takahisa; Onda, Minoru; Takase, Yohei; Nagahiro, Akimasa; Isago, Susumu; Kawahara, Hidetaka
2016-03-01
High throughput with high resolution imaging has been key to the development of leading-edge microlithography. However, management of thermal aberrations due to lens heating during exposure has become critical for simultaneous achievement of high throughput and high resolution. Thermal aberrations cause CD drift and overlay error, and these errors lead directly to edge placement errors (EPE). Management and control of high order thermal aberrations is a critical requirement. In this paper, we will show practical performance of the lens heating with dipole and other typical illumination conditions for finer patterning. We confirm that our new control system can reduce the high-order aberrations and enable critical-dimension uniformity CDU during the exposure.
Strangeness $S=-1$ hyperon-nucleon scattering at leading order in the covariant Weinberg's approach
Li, Kai-Wen; Geng, Li-Sheng
2016-01-01
Inspired by the success of covariant baryon chiral perturbation theory in the one baryon sector and in the heavy-light systems, we explore the relevance of relativistic effects in the construction of the strangeness $S=-1$ hyperon-nucleon interaction using chiral perturbation theory. Due to the non-perturbative nature of the hyperon-nucleon interaction, we follow the covariant Weinberg's approach recently proposed by Epelbaum and Gegelia to sum the leading order chiral potential using the Kadyshevsky equation (Epelbaum, 2012) in this exploratory work. By fitting the five low-energy constants to available experimental data, we find that the cutoff dependence is mitigated compared with the results obtained in the Weinberg's approach for both partial wave phase shifts and the description of experimental data. Nevertheless, at leading order, the description of experimental data remains quantitatively similar. We discuss in detail the cutoff dependence of the partial wave phase shifts and cross sections in the Wei...
Minijet initial state of heavy-ion collisions from next-to-leading order perturbative QCD
Paatelainen, Risto
2014-01-01
The aim of this thesis is to calculate field-theoretically as rigorously as possible the initial state of partonic matter produced in ultrarelativistic heavy-ion collisions at CERN-LHC and BNL-RHIC colliders. The computed minijet initial conditions are then used in the initialization of the relativistic hydrodynamical modeling of these collisions. In the theoretical introduction part the computation of parton production cross section at next-to-leading order (NLO) perturbative QCD (pQCD) is discussed. Furthermore, the full analytical calculation for the squared quark-quark scattering matrix element including the systematic ultraviolet renormalization is presented. Finally, the subtraction method allowing for the cancellation of the infrared and collinear singularities in the partonic QCD cross section at NLO is discussed. In the more phenomenological part of the thesis the original EKRT model, which combines collinearly factorized leading-order pQCD minijet production with gluon saturation, is introduced. Nex...
The Gluon-Induced Mueller-Tang Jet Impact Factor at Next-to-Leading Order
Hentschinski, Martin; Murdaca, Beatrice; Vera, Agustín Sabio
2014-01-01
We complete the computation of the Mueller-Tang jet impact factor at next-to-leading order (NLO) initiated in arXiv:1406.5625 and presented in arXiv:1404.2937 by computing the real corrections associated to gluons in the initial state making use of Lipatov's effective action. NLO corrections for this effective vertex are an important ingredient for a reliable description of large rapidity gap phenomenology within the BFKL approach.
Leading-order hadronic contributions to the lepton anomalous magnetic moments from the lattice
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Burger Florian
2016-01-01
Full Text Available The hadronic leading-order (hlo contribution to the lepton anomalous magnetic moments alhlo of the Standard Model leptons still accounts for the dominant source of the uncertainty of the Standard Model estimates. We present the results of an investigation of the hadronic leading order anomalous magnetic moments of the electron, muon and tau lepton from first principles in twisted mass lattice QCD. With lattice data for multiple pion masses in the range 230MeV ≲ mPS ≲ 490 MeV, multiple lattice volumes and three lattice spacings we perform the extrapolation to the continuum and to the physical pion mass and check for all systematic uncertainties in the lattice calculation. As a result we calculate alhlo for the three Standard Model leptons with controlled statistical and systematic error in agreement with phenomenological determinations using dispersion relations and experimental data. In addition, we also give a first estimate of the hadronic leading order anomalous magnetic moments from simulations directly at the physical value of the pion mass.
Leading-order hadronic contributions to the lepton anomalous magnetic moments from the lattice
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Burger, Florian [OakLabs GmbH, Hennigsdorf (Germany); Feng, Xu [Columbia University, New York, NY (United States). Dept. of Physics; Jansen, Karl [DESY Zeuthen (Germany). NIC; Petschlies, Marcus [Bonn Univ. (Germany). Inst. fuer Strahlen- und Kernphysik; Pientka, Grit [Humboldt-Univ. Berlin (Germany). Inst. fuer Physik; Renner, Dru B. [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
2015-11-15
The hadronic leading-order (hlo) contribution to the lepton anomalous magnetic moments a{sup hlo}{sub l} of the Standard Model leptons still accounts for the dominant source of the uncertainty of the Standard Model estimates. We present the results of an investigation of the hadronic leading order anomalous magnetic moments of the electron, muon and tau lepton from first principles in twisted mass lattice QCD. With lattice data for multiple pion masses in the range 230 MeV
Improved next-to-leading order tidal heating and torquing of a Kerr black hole
Chatziioannou, Katerina; Poisson, Eric; Yunes, Nicolás
2016-10-01
We calculate the energy and angular-momentum fluxes across the event horizon of a tidally deformed, rapidly rotating black hole to next-to-leading order in the curvature of the external spacetime. These are expressed in terms of tidal quadrupole moments and their time derivatives, which provide a characterization of a generic tidal environment. As an application of our results, we provide an expression for the energy and angular-momentum fluxes across the horizon when the black hole is a member of a binary system on a slowly moving, quasicircular orbit. Our expressions are accurate to 1.5 post-Newtonian order beyond the leading-order fluxes, but they are valid for arbitrary mass ratios. We compare our results to those previously obtained in the case of an extreme mass ratio binary, and find that they do not agree at the 1.5 post-Newtonian order. We investigate a number of possible sources for this discrepancy, but are ultimately unable to resolve it.
Improved next-to-leading order tidal heating and torquing of a Kerr black hole
Chatziioannou, Katerina; Yunes, Nicolas
2016-01-01
We calculate the energy and angular momentum fluxes across the event horizon of a tidally deformed, rapidly rotating black hole to next-to-leading order in the curvature of the external spacetime. These are expressed in terms of tidal quadrupole moments and their time derivatives, which provide a characterization of a generic tidal environment. As an application of our results, we provide an expression for the energy and angular-momentum fluxes across the horizon when the black hole is a member of a binary system on a slowly-moving, quasi-circular orbit. Our expressions are accurate to 1.5 post-Newtonian order beyond the leading-order fluxes, but they are valid for arbitrary mass ratios. We compare our results to those previously obtained in the case of an extreme mass ratio binary, and find that they do not agree at the 1.5 post-Newtonian order. We investigate a number of possible sources for this discrepancy, but are ultimately unable to resolve it.
The Nd Break-Up Process in Leading Order in a Three-Dimensional Approach
Fachuddin, I; Glöckle, W; Elster, Ch.
2003-01-01
A three-dimensional approach based on momentum vectors as variables for solving the three nucleon Faddeev equation in first order is presented. The nucleon-deuteron break-up amplitude is evaluated in leading order in the NN T-matrix, which is also generated directly in three dimensions avoiding a summation of partial wave contributions. A comparison of semi-exclusive observables in the $d(p,n)pp$ reaction calculated in this scheme with those generated by a traditional partial wave expansion shows perfect agreement at lower energies. At about 200 MeV nucleon laboratory energies deviations in the peak of the cross section appear, which may indicate that special care is required in a partial wave approach for energies at and higher than 200 MeV. The role of higher order rescattering processes beyond the leading order in the NN T-matrix is investigated with the result, that at 200 MeV rescattering still provides important contributions to the cross section and certain spin observables. The influence of a relativi...
Direct Photon Production at Next-to–Next-to-Leading Order
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Campbell, John M.; Ellis, R. Keith; Williams, Ciaran
2017-05-01
We present the first calculation of direct photon production at next-to-next-to leading order (NNLO) accuracy in QCD. For this process, although the final state cuts mandate only the presence of a single electroweak boson, the underlying kinematics resembles that of a generic vector boson plus jet topology. In order to regulate the infrared singularities present at this order we use the $N$-jettiness slicing procedure, applied for the first time to a final state that at Born level includes colored partons but no required jet. We compare our predictions to ATLAS 8 TeV data and find that the inclusion of the NNLO terms in the perturbative expansion, supplemented by electroweak corrections, provides an excellent description of the data with greatly reduced theoretical uncertainties.
Analysis of lead toxicity in human cells
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Gillis Bruce S
2012-07-01
Full Text Available Abstract Background Lead is a metal with many recognized adverse health side effects, and yet the molecular processes underlying lead toxicity are still poorly understood. Quantifying the injurious effects of lead is also difficult because of the diagnostic limitations that exist when analyzing human blood and urine specimens for lead toxicity. Results We analyzed the deleterious impact of lead on human cells by measuring its effects on cytokine production and gene expression in peripheral blood mononuclear cells. Lead activates the secretion of the chemokine IL-8 and impacts mitogen-dependent activation by increasing the secretion of the proinflammatory cytokines IL-6 and TNF-α and of the chemokines IL-8 and MIP1-α in the presence of phytohemagglutinin. The recorded changes in gene expression affected major cellular functions, including metallothionein expression, and the expression of cellular metabolic enzymes and protein kinase activity. The expression of 31 genes remained elevated after the removal of lead from the testing medium thereby allowing for the measurement of adverse health effects of lead poisoning. These included thirteen metallothionein transcripts, three endothelial receptor B transcripts and a number of transcripts which encode cellular metabolic enzymes. Cellular responses to lead correlated with blood lead levels and were significantly altered in individuals with higher lead content resultantly affecting the nervous system, the negative regulation of transcription and the induction of apoptosis. In addition, we identified changes in gene expression in individuals with elevated zinc protoporphyrin blood levels and found that genes regulating the transmission of nerve impulses were affected in these individuals. The affected pathways were G-protein mediated signaling, gap junction signaling, synaptic long-term potentiation, neuropathic pain signaling as well as CREB signaling in neurons. Cellular responses to lead were
Next to leading order analysis of DVCS and TCS
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Wagner J.
2014-03-01
Full Text Available The study of O(αs QCD contributions to the timelike and spacelike virtual Compton scattering amplitudes in the generalized Bjorken scaling regime demonstrates that gluonic contributions are by no means negligible even in the medium energy range which will be studied intensely at JLab12 and in the COMPASS-II experiment at CERN.
Dynamic analysis of higher order biological systems.
Sato, K
1981-01-01
Humans and animals consist of a variety of bio-systems exhibiting various bio-phenomena over the course of time, from the past to the present and into future, up to just before their death. Each state of a bio-phenomenon at any time is related in stochastic fashion not only to its past history, but those of many other bio- and natural phenomena, enormous in number, in their internal and external environments. Most states of these bio-phenomena sway more or less around respective averages, which suggest their levels of homeostasis, essentially important for maintaining life. In the above past history of sway was hidden an essential characteristic, i.e., dynamic higher-order activity, of the bio-system, whereas the bio- and natural phenomena in the environments act to drive, i.e., stimulate, as an ensemble, the bio-system to exhibit the bio-phenomena as its responses. From this new point of view, mono- and multivariate dynamic stimulation-system (activity)-response relations in stochastic fashion can be seen as an extension leading from of one of the most fundamental static laws of excitability, that is the threshold stimulus-excitability-unit response relation in physiology. The dynamic mono- and multivariate higher-order activities, each of which consisted of some first- and second-order component activities, can be described in the frequency and time-patterns as the power spectral densities or frequency responses and (unit) impulse responses, respectively. Some of these "dynamic activities" were manifested in the brain system of humans and cats, the human "posture holding system," "the pressure regulatory system" in the human pulmonary circulation and the "glucoregulatory system" of dogs, respectively.
Virasoro vacuum block at next-to-leading order in the heavy-light limit
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Beccaria, Matteo; Fachechi, Alberto; Macorini, Guido [Dipartimento di Matematica e Fisica Ennio De Giorgi,Università del Salento & INFN, Via Arnesano, 73100 Lecce (Italy)
2016-02-11
We consider the semiclassical limit of the vacuum Virasoro block describing the diagonal 4-point correlation functions on the sphere. At large central charge c, after exponentiation, it depends on two fixed ratios h{sub H}/c and h{sub L}/c, where h{sub H,L} are the conformal dimensions of the 4-point function operators. The semiclassical block may be expanded in powers of the light ratio h{sub L}/c and the leading non-trivial (linear) order is known in closed form as a function of h{sub H}/c. Recently, this contribution has been matched against AdS{sub 3} gravity calculations where heavy operators build up a classical geometry corresponding to a BTZ black hole, while the light operators are described by a geodesic in this background. Here, we compute for the first time the next-to-leading quadratic correction O((h{sub L}/c){sup 2}), again in closed form for generic heavy operator ratio h{sub H}/c. The result is a highly non-trivial extension of the leading order and may be relevant for further refined AdS{sub 3}/CFT{sub 2} tests. Applications to the two-interval Rényi entropy are also presented.
Virasoro vacuum block at next-to-leading order in the heavy-light limit
Beccaria, Matteo; Macorini, Guido
2015-01-01
We consider the semiclassical limit of the vacuum Virasoro block describing the diagonal 4-point correlation functions on the sphere. At large central charge c, after exponentiation, it depends on two fixed ratios h_H/c and h_L/c, where h_{H, L} are the conformal dimensions of the 4-point function operators. The semiclassical block may be expanded in powers of the light ratio h_L/c and the leading non-trivial (linear) order is known in closed form as a function of h_H/c. Recently, this contribution has been matched against AdS_3 gravity calculations where heavy operators build up a classical geometry corresponding to a BTZ black hole, while the light operators are described by a geodesic in this background. Here, we compute for the first time the next-to-leading quadratic correction O((h_L/c)^{2}), again in closed form for generic heavy operator ratio h_H/c. The result is a highly non-trivial extension of the leading order and may be relevant for further refined AdS_{3}/CFT_{2} tests. Applications to the two-...
Next-to-leading order QCD corrections to the production of two bottom-antibottom pairs at the LHC.
Greiner, Nicolas; Guffanti, Alberto; Reiter, Thomas; Reuter, Jürgen
2011-09-02
We report the results of a computation of the full next-to-leading order QCD corrections to the production of two bb pairs at the LHC. This calculation at the parton level provides predictions for well separated b jets. The results show that the next-to-leading order corrections lead to an enhancement of the cross section for the central scale choice by roughly 50% with respect to the leading order result. The theoretical uncertainty estimated by variation of the renormalization and factorization scales is strongly reduced by the inclusion of next-to-leading order corrections.
Vijayashree, M.; Uthayakumar, R.
2017-03-01
Lead time is one of the major limits that affect planning at every stage of the supply chain system. In this paper, we study a continuous review inventory model. This paper investigates the ordering cost reductions are dependent on lead time. This study addressed two-echelon supply chain problem consisting of a single vendor and a single buyer. The main contribution of this study is that the integrated total cost of the single vendor and the single buyer integrated system is analyzed by adopting two different (linear and logarithmic) types ordering cost reductions act dependent on lead time. In both cases, we develop effective solution procedures for finding the optimal solution and then illustrative numerical examples are given to illustrate the results. The solution procedure is to determine the optimal solutions of order quantity, ordering cost, lead time and the number of deliveries from the single vendor and the single buyer in one production run, so that the integrated total cost incurred has the minimum value. Ordering cost reduction is the main aspect of the proposed model. A numerical example is given to validate the model. Numerical example solved by using Matlab software. The mathematical model is solved analytically by minimizing the integrated total cost. Furthermore, the sensitivity analysis is included and the numerical examples are given to illustrate the results. The results obtained in this paper are illustrated with the help of numerical examples. The sensitivity of the proposed model has been checked with respect to the various major parameters of the system. Results reveal that the proposed integrated inventory model is more applicable for the supply chain manufacturing system. For each case, an algorithm procedure of finding the optimal solution is developed. Finally, the graphical representation is presented to illustrate the proposed model and also include the computer flowchart in each model.
Next-to-Leading Order {QCD} Predictions for $Z, \\gamma^*$ + 3-Jet Distributions at the Tevatron
Berger, C.F.; Dixon, Lance J.; Febres Cordero, F.; Forde, D.; Gleisberg, T.; Ita, H.; Kosower, D.A.; Maitre, D.
2010-01-01
Using BlackHat in conjunction with SHERPA, we have computed next-to-leading order QCD predictions for a variety of distributions in Z,gamma*+1,2,3-jet production at the Tevatron, where the Z boson or off-shell photon decays into an electron-positron pair. We find good agreement between the NLO results for jet p_T distributions and measurements by CDF and D0. We also present jet-production ratios, or probabilities of finding one additional jet. As a function of vector-boson p_T, the ratios have distinctive features which we describe in terms of a simple model capturing leading logarithms and phase-space and parton-distribution-function suppression.
Next-to-Leading Order QCD Predictions for Z, gamma^* 3-Jet Distributions at the Tevatron
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Berger, C.F.; /MIT, LNS; Bern, Z.; /UCLA; Dixon, L.J.; /SLAC; Cordero, F.Febres; /Simon Bolivar U.; Forde, D.; /CERN /NIKHEF, Amsterdam; Gleisberg, T.; /SLAC; Ita, H.; /UCLA; Kosower, D.A.; /DAPNIA, Saclay; Maitre, D.; /Durham U.
2010-06-02
Using BlackHat in conjunction with SHERPA, we have computed next-to-leading order QCD predictions for a variety of distributions in Z, {gamma}{sup {asterisk}}+ 1, 2, 3-jet production at the Tevatron, where the Z boson or off-shell photon decays into an electron-positron pair. We find good agreement between the NLO results for jet {sub pT} distributions and measurements by CDF and D0. We also present jetproduction ratios, or probabilities of finding one additional jet. As a function of vector-boson {sub pT} , the ratios have distinctive features which we describe in terms of a simple model capturing leading logarithms and phase-space and parton-distribution-function suppression.
QCD analysis and effective temperature of direct photons in lead-lead collisions at the LHC
Klasen, M; König, F; Wessels, J P
2014-01-01
We present a systematic theoretical analysis of the ALICE measurement of low-$p_T$ direct-photon production in central lead-lead collisions at the LHC with a centre-of-mass energy of $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}=2.76$ TeV. Using next-to-leading order of perturbative QCD, we compute the relative contributions to prompt-photon production from different initial and final states and the theoretical uncertainties coming from independent variations of the renormalisation and factorisation scales, the nuclear parton densities and the fragmentation functions. Based on different fits to the unsubtracted and prompt-photon subtracted ALICE data, we consistently find an exponential, possibly thermal, photon spectrum from the quark-gluon plasma (or hot medium) with slope $T=304\\pm 58$ MeV and $309\\pm64$ MeV at $p_T\\in[0.8;2.2]$ GeV and $p_T\\in[1.5;3.5]$ GeV as well as a power-law ($p_T^{-4}$) behavior for $p_T>4$ GeV as predicted by QCD hard scattering.
Next-to-Leading Order Corrections to Higgs Boson Pair Production in Gluon Fusion
Kerner, Matthias
2016-01-01
We present a calculation of the next-to-leading order QCD corrections to the production of Higgs boson pairs in gluon fusion keeping the full dependence on the mass of the top quark. The virtual corrections, involving two-loop integrals with up to four mass scales, have been calculated numerically and we present an efficient algorithm to obtain accurate results of the virtual amplitude using numerical integrations. Taking the top quark mass into account we obtain significant differences compared to results obtained in the heavy top limit.
Baryon chiral perturbation theory up to next-to-leading order
Bos, J W; Lee, S C; Lin, Y C; Shih, H H; Bos, J W; Chang, D W; Lee, S C; Lin, Y C; Shih, H H
1995-01-01
We examine the general lagrangian for baryon chiral perturbation theory with SU(3) flavor symmetry, up to the next-to-leading order. We consider both the strong and the weak interaction. The inverse of the baryon mass is treated as an additional small expansion parameter, and heavy fermion effective field theory techniques are employed to provide a consistent expansion scheme. A detailed account is given on the restrictions imposed on the lagrangian by the various symmetries. Corrections due to the finite baryon mass are also discussed.
Leading order hadronic contribution to g-2 from twisted mass QCD
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Dru B Renner, Xu Feng, Karl Jansen, Marcus Petschlies
2010-06-01
We calculate the leading order hadronic contribution to the muon anomalous magnetic moment using twisted mass lattice QCD. The pion masses range from 330 MeV to 650 MeV. We use two lattice spacings, a=0.079 fm and 0.063 fm, to study lattice artifacts. Finite-size effects are studied for two values of the pion mass, and we calculate the disconnected contributions for four ensembles. Particular attention is paid to the dominant contributions of the vector mesons, both phenomenologically and from our lattice calculation.
Shining LUX on isospin-violating dark matter beyond leading order
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Cirigliano, V.; Graesser, M. L.; Ovanesyan, G.
2014-01-01
Isospin-violating dark matter (IVDM) has been proposed as a viable scenario to reconcile conflicting positive and null results from direct detection dark matter experiments. We show that the lowest-order dark matter-nucleus scattering rate can receive large and nucleus-dependent corrections at next......-to-leading order (NLO) in the chiral expansion. The size of these corrections depends on the specific couplings of dark matter to quark flavors and gluons. In general the full NLO dark-matter-nucleus cross-section is not adequately described by just the zero-energy proton and neutron couplings. These statements...... are concretely illustrated in a scenario where the dark matter couples to quarks through scalar operators. We find the canonical IVDM scenario can reconcile the null XENON and LUX results and the recent CDMS-Si findings provided its couplings to second and third generation quarks either lie on a special line...
Next-to-leading Order Calculation for Jets Defined by a Maximized Jet Function
Kaufmann, Tom; Vogelsang, Werner
2014-01-01
We present a next-to-leading order QCD calculation for the single-inclusive production of collimated jets at hadron colliders, when the jet is defined by maximizing a suitable jet function that depends on the momenta of final-state particles in the event. A jet algorithm of this type was initially proposed by Georgi and subsequently further developed into the class of "$J_{E_T}$ algorithms". Our calculation establishes the infrared safety of the algorithms at this perturbative order. We derive analytical results for the relevant partonic cross sections. We discuss similarities and differences with respect to jets defined by cone or (anti-)$k_t$ algorithms and present numerical results for the Tevatron and the LHC.
Four-flavour leading-order hadronic contribution to the muon anomalous magnetic moment
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Burger, Florian [Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Institut für Physik,Newtonstr. 15, D-12489 Berlin (Germany); Feng, Xu [High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK),Tsukuba 305-0801 (Japan); Hotzel, Grit [Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Institut für Physik,Newtonstr. 15, D-12489 Berlin (Germany); Jansen, Karl [NIC, DESY,Platanenallee 6, D-15738 Zeuthen (Germany); Department of Physics, University of Cyprus,P.O.Box 20537, 1678 Nicosia (Cyprus); Petschlies, Marcus [The Cyprus Institute,P.O.Box 27456, 1645 Nicosia (Cyprus); Renner, Dru B. [Jefferson Lab,12000 Jefferson Avenue, Newport News, VA 23606 (United States); Collaboration: The ETM Collaboration
2014-02-24
We present a four-flavour lattice calculation of the leading-order hadronic vacuum polarisation contribution to the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon, a{sub μ}{sup hvp}, arising from quark-connected Feynman graphs. It is based on ensembles featuring N{sub f}=2+1+1 dynamical twisted mass fermions generated by the European Twisted Mass Collaboration (ETMC). Several light quark masses are used in order to yield a controlled extrapolation to the physical pion mass. We employ three lattice spacings to examine lattice artefacts and several different volumes to check for finite-size effects. Incorporating the complete first two generations of quarks allows for a direct comparison with phenomenological determinations of a{sub μ}{sup hvp}. Our final result including an estimate of the systematic uncertainty a{sub μ}{sup hvp}=6.74(21)(18)⋅10{sup −8} shows a good overall agreement with these computations.
A fractional order model for lead-acid battery crankability estimation
Sabatier, J.; Cugnet, M.; Laruelle, S.; Grugeon, S.; Sahut, B.; Oustaloup, A.; Tarascon, J. M.
2010-05-01
With EV and HEV developments, battery monitoring systems have to meet the new requirements of car industry. This paper deals with one of them, the battery ability to start a vehicle, also called battery crankability. A fractional order model obtained by system identification is used to estimate the crankability of lead-acid batteries. Fractional order modelling permits an accurate simulation of the battery electrical behaviour with a low number of parameters. It is demonstrated that battery available power is correlated to the battery crankability and its resistance. Moreover, the high-frequency gain of the fractional model can be used to evaluate the battery resistance. Then, a battery crankability estimator using the battery resistance is proposed. Finally, this technique is validated with various battery experimental data measured on test rigs and vehicles.
Shining LUX on isospin-violating dark matter beyond leading order
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Vincenzo Cirigliano
2014-12-01
Full Text Available Isospin-violating dark matter (IVDM has been proposed as a viable scenario to reconcile conflicting positive and null results from direct detection dark matter experiments. We show that the lowest-order dark matter-nucleus scattering rate can receive large and nucleus-dependent corrections at next-to-leading order (NLO in the chiral expansion. The size of these corrections depends on the specific couplings of dark matter to quark flavors and gluons. In general the full NLO dark-matter-nucleus cross-section is not adequately described by just the zero-energy proton and neutron couplings. These statements are concretely illustrated in a scenario where the dark matter couples to quarks through scalar operators. We find the canonical IVDM scenario can reconcile the null XENON and LUX results and the recent CDMS-Si findings provided its couplings to second and third generation quarks either lie on a special line or are suppressed. Equally good fits with new values of the neutron-to-proton coupling ratio are found in the presence of nonzero heavy quark couplings. We also derive the structure of the scattering amplitude to all orders in the chiral expansion and show the best fit points at NLO are robust against higher order corrections provided the chiral expansion is itself well-behaved. CDMS-Si remains in tension with LUX and XENON10/100 but is not excluded.
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Multi-Parton Loop Amplitudes and Next-to-Leading Order Jet Cross-Sections
Bern, Zvi; Kosower, David A.; Signer, Adrian
1998-01-01
We review recent developments in the calculation of QCD loop amplitudes with several external legs, and their application to next-to-leading order jet production cross-sections. When a number of calculational tools are combined together --- helicity, color and supersymmetry decompositions, plus unitarity and factorization properties --- it becomes possible to compute multi-parton one-loop QCD amplitudes without ever evaluating analytically standard one-loop Feynman diagrams. One-loop helicity amplitudes are now available for processes with five external partons (ggggg, q\\bar{q}ggg and q\\bar{q}q'\\bar{q}'g), and for an intermediate vector boson V \\equiv \\gamma^*,Z,W plus four external partons (Vq\\bar{q}gg and Vq\\bar{q}q'\\bar{q}'). Using these amplitudes, numerical programs have been constructed for the next-to-leading order corrections to the processes p\\bar{p} to 3 jets (ignoring quark contributions so far) and e^+e^- to 4 jets.
Differential Higgs boson pair production at next-to-next-to-leading order in QCD
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Florian, Daniel de; Mazzitelli, Javier [UNSAM, Campus Miguelete, Buenos Aires (Argentina). International Center for Advanced Studies (ICAS); Grazzini, Massimiliano; Hanga, Catalin; Lindert, Jonas M. [Zuerich Univ. (Switzerland). Physik-Inst.; Kallweit, Stefan [Mainz Univ. (Germany). PRISMA Cluster of Excellence; Maierhoefer, Philipp [Freiburg Univ. (Germany). Physikalisches Inst.; Rathlev, Dirk [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron, Hamburg (Germany). Theory Group
2016-06-15
We report on the first fully differential calculation for double Higgs boson production through gluon fusion in hadron collisions up to next-to-next-to-leading order (NNLO) in QCD perturbation theory. The calculation is performed in the heavy-top limit of the Standard Model, and in the phenomenological results we focus on pp collisions at √(s)=14 TeV. We present differential distributions through NNLO for various observables including the transverse-momentum and rapidity distributions of the two Higgs bosons. NNLO corrections are at the level of 10%-25% with respect to the next-to-leading order (NLO) prediction with a residual scale uncertainty of 5%-15% and an overall mild phase-space dependence. Only at NNLO the perturbative expansion starts to converge yielding overlapping scale uncertainty bands between NNLO and NLO in most of the phase-space. The calculation includes NLO predictions for pp→HH+jet+X. Corrections to the corresponding distributions exceed 50% with a residual scale dependence of 20%-30%.
Differential Higgs Boson Pair Production at Next-to-Next-to-Leading Order in QCD
de Florian, Daniel; Hanga, Catalin; Kallweit, Stefan; Lindert, Jonas M; Maierhöfer, Philipp; Mazzitelli, Javier; Rathlev, Dirk
2016-01-01
We report on the first fully differential calculation for double Higgs boson production through gluon fusion in hadron collisions up to next-to-next-to-leading order (NNLO) in QCD perturbation theory. The calculation is performed in the heavy-top limit of the Standard Model, and in the phenomenological results we focus on pp collisions at 14 TeV. We present differential distributions through NNLO for various observables including the transverse-momentum and rapidity distributions of the two Higgs bosons. NNLO corrections are at the level of 10%-25% with respect to the next-to-leading order (NLO) prediction with a residual scale uncertainty of 5%-15% and an overall mild phase-space dependence. Only at NNLO the perturbative expansion starts to converge yielding overlapping scale uncertainty bands between NNLO and NLO in most of the phase-space. The calculation includes NLO predictions for pp -> HH+jet+X. Corrections to the corresponding distributions exceed 50% with a residual scale dependence of 20%-30%.
Differential Higgs boson pair production at next-to-next-to-leading order in QCD
de Florian, Daniel; Grazzini, Massimiliano; Hanga, Catalin; Kallweit, Stefan; Lindert, Jonas M.; Maierhöfer, Philipp; Mazzitelli, Javier; Rathlev, Dirk
2016-09-01
We report on the first fully differential calculation for double Higgs boson production through gluon fusion in hadron collisions up to next-to-next-to-leading order (NNLO) in QCD perturbation theory. The calculation is performed in the heavy-top limit of the Standard Model, and in the phenomenological results we focus on pp collisions at √{s}=14 TeV. We present differential distributions through NNLO for various observables including the transverse-momentum and rapidity distributions of the two Higgs bosons. NNLO corrections are at the level of 10%-25% with respect to the next-to-leading order (NLO) prediction with a residual scale uncertainty of 5%-15% and an overall mild phase-space dependence. Only at NNLO the perturbative expansion starts to converge yielding overlapping scale uncertainty bands between NNLO and NLO in most of the phase-space. The calculation includes NLO predictions for pp → HH + jet + X. Corrections to the corresponding distributions exceed 50% with a residual scale dependence of 20%-30%.
Leading-order hadronic contributions to the lepton anomalous magnetic moments from the lattice
Burger, Florian; Jansen, Karl; Petschlies, Marcus; Pientka, Grit; Renner, Dru B
2015-01-01
The hadronic leading-order (hlo) contribution to the lepton anomalous magnetic moments $a_l^\\mathrm{hlo}$ of the Standard Model leptons still accounts for the dominant source of the uncertainty of the Standard Model estimates. We present the results of an investigation of the hadronic leading order anomalous magnetic moments of the electron, muon and tau lepton from first principles in twisted mass lattice QCD. With lattice data for multiple pion masses in the range $230 \\mathrm{~MeV} \\lesssim m_{PS} \\lesssim 490 \\mathrm{~MeV}$, multiple lattice volumes and three lattice spacings we perform the extrapolation to the continuum and to the physical pion mass and check for all systematic uncertainties in the lattice calculation. As a result we calculate $a_{l}^\\mathrm{hlo}$ for the three Standard Model leptons with controlled statistical and systematic error in agreement with phenomenological determinations using dispersion relations and experimental data. In addition, we also give a first estimate of the hadronic...
Longitudinal Conductivity in Strong Magnetic Field in Perturbative QCD: Complete Leading Order
Hattori, Koichi; Satow, Daisuke; Yee, Ho-Ung
2016-01-01
We compute the longitudinal electrical conductivity in the presence of strong background magnetic field in complete leading order of perturbative QCD, based on the assumed hierarchy of scales $\\alpha_s eB\\ll (m_q^2,T^2)\\ll eB$. We formulate an effective kinetic theory of lowest Landau level quarks with the leading order QCD collision term arising from 1-to-2 processes that become possible due to 1+1 dimensional Landau level kinematics. In small $m_q/T\\ll 1$ regime, the longitudinal conductivity behaves as $\\sigma_{zz}\\sim e^2(eB)T/(\\alpha_s m_q^2\\log(m_q/T))$, where the quark mass dependence can be understood from the chiral anomaly with the axial charge relaxation provided by a finite quark mass $m_q$. We also present parametric estimates for the longitudinal and transverse "color conductivities" in the presence of strong magnetic field, by computing dominant damping rates for quarks and gluons that are responsible for color charge transportation. We observe that the longitudinal color conductivity is enhanc...
Adolph, C; Alexakhin, V Yu; Alexandrov, Yu; Alexeev, G D; Amoroso, A; Antonov, A A; Austregesilo, A; Badelek, B; Balestra, F; Barth, J; Baum, G; Bedfer, Y; Berlin, A; Bernhard, J; Bertini, R; Bettinelli, M; Bicker, K; Bieling, J; Birsa, R; Bisplinghoff, J; Bordalo, P; Bradamante, F; Braun, C; Bravar, A; Bressan, A; Buchele, M; Burtin, E; Capozza, L; Chiosso, M; Chung, S U; Cicuttin, A; Crespo, M L; Dalla Torre, S; Das, S; Dasgupta, S S; Dasgupta, S; Denisov, O Yu; Dhara, L; Donskov, S V; Doshita, N; Duic, V; Dunnweber, W; Dziewiecki, M; Efremov, A; Elia, C; Eversheim, P D; Eyrich, W; Faessler, M; Ferrero, A; Filin, A; Finger, M; Finger, M Jr; Fischer, H; Franco, C; du Fresne von Hohenesche, N; Friedrich, J M; Frolov, V; Garfagnini, R; Gautheron, F; Gavrichtchouk, O P; Gerassimov, S; Geyer, R; Giorgi, M; Gnesi, I; Gobbo, B; Goertz, S; Grabmuller, S; Grasso, A; Grube, B; Gushterski, R; Guskov, A; Guthorl, T; Haas, F; von Harrach, D; Heinsius, F H; Herrmann, F; Hess, C; Hinterberger, F; Horikawa, N; Hoppner, Ch; d'Hose, N; Huber, S; Ishimoto, S; Ivanov, O; Ivanshin, Yu; Iwata, T; Jahn, R; Jary, V; Jasinski, P; Joosten, R; Kabuss, E; Kang, D; Ketzer, B; Khaustov, G V; Khokhlov, Yu A; Kisselev, Yu; Klein, F; Klimaszewski, K; Koblitz, S; Koivuniemi, J H; Kolosov, V N; Kondo, K; Konigsmann, K; Konorov, I; Konstantinov, V F; Korzenev, A; Kotzinian, A M; Kouznetsov, O; Kramer, M; Kroumchtein, Z V; Kunne, F; Kurek, K; Lauser, L; Lednev, A A; Lehmann, A; Levorato, S; Lichtenstadt, J; Liska, T; Maggiora, A; Magnon, A; Makke, N; Mallot, G K; Mann, A; Marchand, C; Martin, A; Marzec, J; Matsuda, T; Meshcheryakov, G; Meyer, W; Michigami, T; Mikhailov, Yu V; Morreale, A; Mutter, A; Nagaytsev, A; Nagel, T; Nerling, F; Neubert, S; Neyret, D; Nikolaenko, V I; Nowak, W D; Nunes, A S; Olshevsky, A G; Ostrick, M; Padee, A; Panknin, R; Panzieri, D; Parsamyan, B; Paul, S; Perevalova, E; Pesaro, G; Peshekhonov, D V; Piragino, G; Platchkov, S; Pochodzalla, J; Polak, J; Polyakov, V A; Pretz, J; Quaresma, M; Quintans, C; Rajotte, J F; Ramos, S; Rapatsky, V; Reicherz, G; Rocco, E; Rondio, E; Rossiyskaya, N S; Ryabchikov, D I; Samoylenko, V D; Sandacz, A; Sapozhnikov, M G; Sarkar, S; Savin, I A; Sbrizzai, G; Schiavon, P; Schill, C; Schluter, T; Schmidt, A; Schmidt, K; Schmitt, L; Schmiden, H; Schonning, K; Schopferer, S; Schott, M; Shevchenko, O Yu; Silva, L; Sinha, L; Sissakian, A N; Slunecka, M; Smirnov, G I; Sosio, S; Sozzi, F; Srnka, A; Steiger, L; Stolarski, M; Sulc, M; Sulej, R; Suzuki, H; Sznajder, P; Takekawa, S; Ter Wolbeek, J; Tessaro, S; Tessarotto, F; Tkatchev, L G; Uhl, S; Uman, I; Vandenbroucke, M; Virius, M; Vlassov, N V; Wang, L; Weisrock, T; Wilfert, M; Windmolders, R; Wislicki, W; Wollny, H; Zaremba, K; Zavertyaev, M; Zemlyanichkina, E; Ziembicki, M; Zhuravlev, N; Zvyagin, A
2013-01-01
The gluon polarisation in the nucleon was measured using open charm production by scattering 160 GeV/c polarised muons off longitudinally polarised protons or deuterons. The data were taken by the COMPASS collaboration between 2002 and 2007. A detailed account is given of the analysis method that includes the application of neural networks. Several decay channels of $D^0$ mesons are investigated. Longitudinal spin asymmetries of the D meson production cross-sections are extracted in bins of $D^0$ transverse momentum and energy. At leading order QCD accuracy the average gluon polarisation is determined as $(\\Delta g/g)^{LO}=-0.06 \\pm 0.21 (stat.) \\pm 0.08 (syst.)$ at the scale $ \\approx 13$ (GeV/c)$^2$ and an average gluon momentum fraction $\\approx$ 0.11. The average gluon polarisation is also obtained at next-to-leading order QCD accuracy as $(\\Delta g/g) NLO = -0.13 \\pm 0.15 (stat.) \\pm 0.15 (syst.)$ at the scale $ \\approx $ 13 (GeV/c)$^2$ and $ \\approx $ 0.20.
Phase dynamics of periodic wavetrains leading to the 5th order KP equation
Ratliff, Daniel J.
2017-09-01
Using the previous approach outlined in Ratliff and Bridges (2016, 2015), a novel method is presented to derive the fifth order Kadomtsev-Petviashvili(KP) equation from periodic wavetrains. As a result, the coefficients and criterion for the fifth order KP to emerge take a universal form that can be determined a-priori, relating to the system's conservation laws and the termination of a Jordan chain. Moreover, the analysis reveals that generically a mixed dispersive term qXXXY appears within the final phase equation. The theory presented here is complimented by an example from the context of flexural gravity waves in shallow water and a higher order Nonlinear Schrödinger model relevant in plasma physics, demonstrating how the coefficients in this model are determined via elementary calculations.
The Kondo lattice state in the presence of Van Hove singularities: Next-to-leading order scaling
Irkhin, V. Yu.
2017-07-01
Renormalization group analysis of the Kondo model with a logarithmic Van Hove singularity in the electron density of states has been carried out in the next-to-leading scaling approximation in different magnetic phases. The effective coupling constant remains small, while the renormalized magnetic moment and the frequency of spin fluctuations decrease by several orders of magnitude. In this way, broad regions of non-Fermi-liquid behavior are found from scaling trajectories in a large interval of the bare coupling constant. Applications to the physics of itinerant magnetism are considered.
Uncertainty analysis and order-by-order optimization of chiral nuclear interactions
Carlsson, B D; Forssén, C; Strömberg, D Fahlin; Lilja, O; Lindby, M; Mattsson, B A; Wendt, K A
2015-01-01
Chiral effective field theory ($\\chi$EFT) provides a systematic approach to describe low-energy nuclear forces. Moreover, $\\chi$EFT is able to provide well-founded estimates of statistical and systematic uncertainties although this unique advantage has not yet been fully exploited. We fill this gap by performing an optimization and statistical analysis of all the low-energy constants (LECs) up to next-to-next-to-leading order. We simultaneously fit to scattering and bound-state observables in the pion-nucleon, nucleon-nucleon, and few-nucleon sectors in order to utilize the full model capabilities of $\\chi$EFT. Finally, we demonstrate methods to propagate uncertainties to other observables, such that they can easily be adopted by future works. We employ mathematical optimization and implement automatic differentiation to attain efficient and machine-precise first- and second-order derivatives of the objective function with respect to the LECs. This is also vital for the regression analysis. We use power-count...
Transverse momentum broadening in semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering at next-to-leading order
Kang, Zhong-Bo; Wang, Enke; Wang, Xin-Nian; Xing, Hongxi
2016-12-01
Within the framework of higher-twist collinear factorization, transverse momentum broadening for the final hadrons in semi-inclusive deeply inelastic e +A collisions is studied at the next-to-leading order (NLO) in perturbative QCD. Through explicit calculations of real and virtual corrections at twist 4, the transverse-momentum-weighted differential cross section due to double scattering is shown to factorize at NLO and can be expressed as a convolution of twist-4 nuclear parton correlation functions, the usual twist-2 fragmentation functions and hard parts which are finite and free of any divergences. A QCD evolution equation is also derived for the renormalized twist-4 quark-gluon correlation function which can be applied to future phenomenological studies of transverse momentum broadening and jet quenching at NLO.
Next-to-next-leading order correction to 3-jet rate and event-shape distribution
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Mohammad Ebrahim Zomorrodian; Alireza Sepehri; Tooraj Ghaffary; Parvin Eslami
2011-01-01
The hadronic events from the + − annihilation data at the centre-of-mass energies ranging from 60 to 197 GeV were studied. The AMY and OPAL Collaborations offered a unique opportunity to test QCD by measuring the energy dependence of different observables. The coupling constant, , was measured by two different methods: first by employing the three-jet observables. Combining all the data, the value of as at next-to-next leading order (NNLO) was determined to be 0.117 ± 0.004(hard) ± 0.006(theo). Secondly, from the event-shape distributions, the strong coupling constant, , was extracted at NNLO and it’s evaluation was tested with the energy scale. The results were consistent with the running of , expected from QCD predictions. Averaging over different observables, was determined to be 0.115 ± 0.007(hard) ± 0.003(theo).
Automatic predictions in the Georgi-Machacek model at next-to-leading order accuracy
Degrande, Celine; Logan, Heather E; Peterson, Andrea D; Zaro, Marco
2015-01-01
We study the phenomenology of the Georgi-Machacek model at next-to-leading order (NLO) in QCD matched to parton shower, using a fully-automated tool chain based on MadGraph5_aMC@NLO and FeynRules. We focus on the production of the fermiophobic custodial fiveplet scalars H_5^0, H_5^+/-, and H_5^++/-- through vector boson fusion (VBF), associated production with a vector boson (V H_5), and scalar pair production (H_5 H_5). For these production mechanisms we compute NLO corrections to production rates as well as to differential distributions. Our results demonstrate that the Standard Model (SM) overall K-factors for such processes cannot in general be directly applied to beyond-the-SM distributions, due both to differences in the scalar electroweak charges and to variation of the K-factors over the differential distributions.
Next-to-Leading Order Jet Physics with BlackHat
Berger, C F; Dixon, L J; Cordero, F Febres; Forde, D; Gleisberg, T; Ita, H; Kosower, D A; Maitre, D
2009-01-01
We present several results obtained using the BlackHat next-to-leading order QCD program library, in conjunction with SHERPA. In particular, we present distributions for vector boson plus 1,2,3-jet production at the Tevatron and at the asymptotic running energy of the Large Hadron Collider, including new Z+3-jet distributions. The Z+2-jet predictions for the second-jet P_T distribution are compared to CDF data. We present the jet-emission probability at NLO in W+2-jet events at the LHC, where the tagging jets are taken to be the ones furthest apart in pseudorapidity. We analyze further the large left-handed W polarization, identified in our previous study, for W bosons produced at high P_T at the LHC.
Single top production at next-to-leading order in the Standard Model effective field theory
Zhang, Cen
2016-01-01
Single top production processes at hadron collider provide information on the relation between the top quark and the electroweak sector of the standard model. We compute the next-to-leading order QCD corrections to the three main production channels: $t$-channel, $s$-channel and $tW$ associated production, in the standard model including operators up to dimension-six. The calculation can be matched to parton shower programs and can therefore be directly used in experimental analyses. The QCD corrections are found to significantly impact the extraction of the current limits on the operators, because both of an improved accuracy and a better precision of the theoretical predictions. In addition, the distributions of some of the key discriminating observables are modified in a nontrivial way, which could change the interpretation of measurements in terms of UV complete models.
Ising and Gross-Neveu model in next-to-leading order
Knorr, Benjamin
2016-01-01
We study scalar and chiral fermionic models in next-to-leading order with the help of the functional renormalisation group. Their critical behaviour is of special interest in condensed matter systems, in particular graphene. To derive the beta functions, we make extensive use of computer algebra. The resulting flow equations were solved with pseudo-spectral methods to guarantee high accuracy. New estimates on critical quantities for both the Ising and the Gross-Neveu model are provided. For the Ising model, the estimates agree with earlier renormalisation group studies of the same level of approximation. By contrast, the approximation for the Gross-Neveu model retains many more operators than all earlier studies. For two Dirac fermions, the results agree with both lattice and large-$N_f$ calculations, but for a single flavour, different methods disagree quantitatively, and further studies are necessary.
Dijet photoproduction of massless charm jets at next-to-leading order of QCD
Klasen, M
2011-01-01
We compute the charm dijet photoproduction cross section at next-to-leading order of QCD in the zero-mass variable flavour number scheme, i.e. with active charm quarks in the proton and photon. The results are compared to recent measurements from the ZEUS experiment at HERA. The predictions for various distributions agree well with the data, in particular for large momentum fractions of the the partons in the photon, where direct photon processes dominate. At low momentum fractions, the predictions are quite sensitive to the charm content in the photon. The experimental data are shown to favour parameterizations with a substantial charm quark density such as the one proposed by Cornet et al.
Dijet photoproduction of massless charm jets at next-to-leading order of QCD
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Klasen, Michael [Westfaelische Wilhelms-Universitaet Muenster, Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Muenster (Germany); Kramer, Gustav [Universitaet Hamburg, II. Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Hamburg (Germany)
2011-10-15
We compute the charm dijet photoproduction cross section at next-to-leading order of QCD in the zero-mass variable flavour number scheme, i.e. with active charm quarks in the proton and photon. The results are compared to recent measurements from the ZEUS experiment at HERA. The predictions for various distributions agree with the data, in particular for large momentum fractions of the partons in the photon, where direct photon processes dominate. At low momentum fractions, the predictions are quite sensitive to the charm content in the photon. The experimental data are shown to favour parameterizations with a substantial charm-quark density such as the one proposed by Cornet et al. (orig.)
Dijet photoproduction of massless charm jets at next-to-leading order of QCD
Klasen, Michael; Kramer, Gustav
2011-10-01
We compute the charm dijet photoproduction cross section at next-to-leading order of QCD in the zero-mass variable flavour number scheme, i.e. with active charm quarks in the proton and photon. The results are compared to recent measurements from the ZEUS experiment at HERA. The predictions for various distributions agree with the data, in particular for large momentum fractions of the partons in the photon, where direct photon processes dominate. At low momentum fractions, the predictions are quite sensitive to the charm content in the photon. The experimental data are shown to favour parameterizations with a substantial charm-quark density such as the one proposed by Cornet et al.
Dijet photoproduction of massless charm jets at next-to-leading order of QCD
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Klasen, Michael [Muenster Univ. (Germany). Inst. fuer Theoretische Physik; Kramer, Gustav [Hamburg Univ. (Germany). II. Inst. fuer Theoretische Physik
2011-04-15
We compute the charm dijet photoproduction cross section at next-to-leading order of QCD in the zero-mass variable flavour number scheme, i.e. with active charm quarks in the proton and photon. The results are compared to recent measurements from the ZEUS experiment at HERA. The predictions for various distributions agree well with the data, in particular for large momentum fractions of the the partons in the photon, where direct photon processes dominate. At low momentum fractions, the predictions are quite sensitive to the charm content in the photon. The experimental data are shown to favour parameterizations with a substantial charm quark density such as the one proposed by Cornet et al. (orig.)
Colour-electric spectral function at next-to-leading order
Burnier, Y; Langelage, J; Mether, L
2010-01-01
The spectral function related to the correlator of two colour-electric fields along a Polyakov loop determines the momentum diffusion coefficient of a heavy quark near rest with respect to a heat bath. We compute this spectral function at next-to-leading order, O(alpha_s^2), in the weak-coupling expansion. The high-frequency part of our result (omega >> T), which is shown to be temperature-independent, is accurately determined thanks to asymptotic freedom; the low-frequency part of our result (omega 0. We also evaluate the colour-electric Euclidean correlator, which could be directly compared with lattice simulations. As an aside we determine the Euclidean correlator in the lattice strong-coupling expansion, showing that through a limiting procedure it can in principle be defined also in the confined phase of pure Yang-Mills theory, even if a practical measurement could be very noisy there.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Butenschoen, Mathias; Kniehl, Bernd A. [Hamburg Univ. (Germany). II. Inst. fuer Theoretische Physik
2009-09-15
We calculate the cross section of inclusive direct J/{psi} photoproduction at next-to-leading order within the factorization formalism of nonrelativistic quantum chromodynamics, for the first time including the full relativistic corrections due to the intermediate {sup 1}S{sub 0}{sup [8]}, {sup 3}S{sub 1}{sup [8]}, and {sup 3}P{sub J}{sup [8]} color-octet states. A comparison of our results to recent H1 data suggests that the color octet mechanism is indeed realized in J/{psi} photoproduction, although the predictivity of our results still suffers from uncertainties in the color-octet long-distance matrix elements. (orig.)
Degrande, Celine; Mawatari, Kentarou; Mimasu, Ken; Sanz, Veronica
2016-01-01
We study the impact of dimension-six operators of the standard model effective field theory relevant for vector-boson fusion and associated Higgs boson production at the LHC. We present predictions at the next-to-leading order accuracy in QCD that include matching to parton showers and that rely on fully automated simulations. We show the importance of the subsequent reduction of the theoretical uncertainties in improving the possible discrimination between effective field theory and standard model results, and we demonstrate that the range of the Wilson coefficient values allowed by a global fit to LEP and LHC Run I data can be further constrained by LHC Run II future results.
The epsilon expansion at next-to-next-to-leading order with small imaginary chemical potential
Lehner, Christoph; Wettig, Tilo
2010-01-01
We discuss chiral perturbation theory for two and three quark flavors in the epsilon expansion at next-to-next-to-leading order (NNLO) including a small imaginary chemical potential. We calculate finite-volume corrections to the low-energy constants $\\Sigma$ and $F$ and determine the non-universal modifications of the theory, i.e., modifications that cannot be mapped to random matrix theory (RMT). In the special case of two quark flavors in an asymmetric box we discuss how to minimize the finite-volume corrections and non-universal modifications by an optimal choice of the lattice geometry. Furthermore we provide a detailed calculation of a special version of the massless sunset diagram at finite volume.
Degrande, Celine; Mawatari, Kentarou; Mimasu, Ken; Sanz, Veronica
2017-04-25
We study the impact of dimension-six operators of the standard model effective field theory relevant for vector-boson fusion and associated Higgs boson production at the LHC. We present predictions at the next-to-leading order accuracy in QCD that include matching to parton showers and that rely on fully automated simulations. We show the importance of the subsequent reduction of the theoretical uncertainties in improving the possible discrimination between effective field theory and standard model results, and we demonstrate that the range of the Wilson coefficient values allowed by a global fit to LEP and LHC Run I data can be further constrained by LHC Run II future results.
On top-pair hadro-production at next-to-next-to-leading order
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Moch, S. [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Zeuthen (Germany); Uwer, P. [Humboldt-Universitaet, Berlin (Germany). Inst. fuer Physik; Vogt, A. [Liverpool Univ. (United Kingdom). Dept. of Mathematical Sciences
2012-03-15
We study the QCD corrections at next-to-next-to-leading order (NNLO) to the cross section for the hadronic pair-production of top quarks. We present new results in the high-energy limit using the well-known framework of k{sub t}-factorization. We combine these findings with the known threshold corrections and present improved approximate NNLO results over the full kinematic range. This approach is employed to quantify the residual theoretical uncertainty of the approximate NNLO results which amounts to about 4% for the Tevatron and 5% for the LHC cross-section predictions. Our analytic results in the high-energy limit will provide an important check on future computations of the complete NNLO cross sections.
Next-to-Leading Order Description of Nucleon Structure Function In Valon Model
Arash, F; Arash, Firooz; Khorramia, Ali Naghi
1999-01-01
We have improved and examined the applicability of the valon model where the structure of any hadron is determined by the structure of its constituent quarks. Nucleon structure functions are calculated within this model in the Next-to-Leading order. The results compare well with the experimental data. The model handles the bound state problem and the calculations show a flat or almost flat behavior for $F_{2}$ which sets in at some region of $x\\leq 10^{-5}$at fixed $Q^{2}$. The emergence of this behavior is a consequence of the model and was not put in a priori as a theoretical guess. It seems that such a flatness can be inferred from HERA data, although, not completely confirmed yet. A set of parton distributions are given and their evolutions are tested. Some qualitative implications of the model for the spin structure of the proton is discussed.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Degrande, Celine [CERN, Theory Division, Geneva 23 (Switzerland); Fuks, Benjamin [Sorbonne Universites, UPMC Univ. Paris 06, Paris (France); CNRS, Paris (France); Mawatari, Kentarou [Universite Grenoble-Alpes, Laboratoire de Physique Subatomique et de Cosmologie, Grenoble (France); Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Theoretische Natuurkunde and IIHE/ELEM, International Solvay Institutes, Brussels (Belgium); Mimasu, Ken [University of Sussex, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Brighton (United Kingdom); Universite catholique de Louvain, Centre for Cosmology, Particle Physics and Phenomenology (CP3), Louvain-la-Neuve (Belgium); Sanz, Veronica [University of Sussex, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Brighton (United Kingdom)
2017-04-15
We study the impact of dimension-six operators of the standard model effective field theory relevant for vector-boson fusion and associated Higgs boson production at the LHC. We present predictions at the next-to-leading order accuracy in QCD that include matching to parton showers and that rely on fully automated simulations. We show the importance of the subsequent reduction of the theoretical uncertainties in improving the possible discrimination between effective field theory and standard model results, and we demonstrate that the range of the Wilson coefficient values allowed by a global fit to LEP and LHC Run I data can be further constrained by LHC Run II future results. (orig.)
Uncertainty Analysis and Order-by-Order Optimization of Chiral Nuclear Interactions
Carlsson, B. D.; Ekström, A.; Forssén, C.; Strömberg, D. Fahlin; Jansen, G. R.; Lilja, O.; Lindby, M.; Mattsson, B. A.; Wendt, K. A.
2016-01-01
Chiral effective field theory (χ EFT ) provides a systematic approach to describe low-energy nuclear forces. Moreover, χ EFT is able to provide well-founded estimates of statistical and systematic uncertainties—although this unique advantage has not yet been fully exploited. We fill this gap by performing an optimization and statistical analysis of all the low-energy constants (LECs) up to next-to-next-to-leading order. Our optimization protocol corresponds to a simultaneous fit to scattering and bound-state observables in the pion-nucleon, nucleon-nucleon, and few-nucleon sectors, thereby utilizing the full model capabilities of χ EFT . Finally, we study the effect on other observables by demonstrating forward-error-propagation methods that can easily be adopted by future works. We employ mathematical optimization and implement automatic differentiation to attain efficient and machine-precise first- and second-order derivatives of the objective function with respect to the LECs. This is also vital for the regression analysis. We use power-counting arguments to estimate the systematic uncertainty that is inherent to χ EFT , and we construct chiral interactions at different orders with quantified uncertainties. Statistical error propagation is compared with Monte Carlo sampling, showing that statistical errors are, in general, small compared to systematic ones. In conclusion, we find that a simultaneous fit to different sets of data is critical to (i) identify the optimal set of LECs, (ii) capture all relevant correlations, (iii) reduce the statistical uncertainty, and (iv) attain order-by-order convergence in χ EFT . Furthermore, certain systematic uncertainties in the few-nucleon sector are shown to get substantially magnified in the many-body sector, in particular when varying the cutoff in the chiral potentials. The methodology and results presented in this paper open a new frontier for uncertainty quantification in ab initio nuclear theory.
Studies on the Analysis of Lead and Silica in Lead Processing Samples
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
R. Ravichandra Babu
2014-01-01
Full Text Available In Practice two samples have to be proceeded separately to determine both lead and silica in lead process samples like concentrates, coarse sinter etc. In the present recommended procedure, the lead and silica are precipitated together by using acid fuming, but, instead of using ammonium acetate treatment to separate lead and silica, a mixture of hydrochloric acid-sodium chloride is used to achieve the same purpose. This helps in determine all the components of lead process samples from the same solution without loss of accuracy in any of the components. This method saves considerable time and especially useful for routine analysis in process control lab.
Gelis, F
2012-01-01
In [arXiv:0804.2630], we have analyzed the leading logarithms of energy that appear in the inclusive spectrum of gluons produced in heavy ion collisions, calculated in the Color Glass Condensate framework. The main result of this paper was that these logarithms are intrinsic properties of the colliding projectiles, and that they can be resummed by letting the distributions of color sources in the nuclei evolve according to the JIMWLK equation. An essential step in the proof of this factorization result is the calculation of the gluon spectrum at Next-to-Leading order, and in particular a functional relationship that expresses the NLO correction as the action of a certain operator on the LO spectrum. In this paper, we show that this type of relation between spectra at LO and NLO is not specific to the production of gluons, but that it is in fact generic for inclusive spectra in heavy ion collisions. To illustrate this, we compute up to NLO the inclusive spectrum of some hypothetical scalar fields, either color...
Properties of Lithium-11 and Carbon-22 at leading order in halo effective field theory
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Acharya Bijaya
2016-01-01
Full Text Available We study the 11Li and 22C nuclei at leading order (LO in halo effective field theory (Halo EFT. Using the value of the 22C rms matter radius deduced in Ref. [1] as an input in a LO calculation, we simultaneously constrain the values of the two-neutron (2n separation energy of 22C and the virtual-state energy of the 20C−neutron system (hereafter denoted 21C. The 1−σ uncertainty of the input rms matter radius datum, along with the theory error estimated from the anticipated size of the higher-order terms in the Halo EFT expansion, gives an upper bound of about 100 keV for the 2n separation energy. We also study the electric dipole excitation of 2n halo nuclei to a continuum state of two neutrons and the core at LO in Halo EFT. We first compare our results with the 11Li data from a Coulomb dissociation experiment and obtain good agreement within the theoretical uncertainty of a LO calculation. We then obtain the low-energy spectrum of B(E1 of this transition at several different values of the 2n separation energy of 22C and the virtual-state energy of 21C. Our predictions can be compared to the outcome of an ongoing experiment on the Coulomb dissociation of 22C to obtain tighter constraints on the two- and three-body energies in the 22C system.
Charm quark contribution to K+ ---> pi+ nu anti-nu at next-to-next-to-leading order
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Buras, Andrzej J.; /Munich, Tech. U.; Gorbahn, Martin; /Durham U., IPPP /Karlsruhe U., TTP; Haisch, Ulrich; /Fermilab /Zurich U.; Nierste, Ulrich; /Karlsruhe U., TTP
2006-03-01
The authors calculate the complete next-to-next-to-leading order QCD corrections to the charm contribution of the rare decay K{sup +} {yields} {pi}{sup +}{nu}{bar {nu}}. They encounter several new features, which were absent in lower orders. They discuss them in detail and present the results for the two-loop matching conditions of the Wilson coefficients, the three-loop anomalous dimensions, and the two-loop matrix elements of the relevant operators that enter the next-to-next-to-leading order renormalization group analysis of the Z-penguin and the electroweak box contribution. The inclusion of the next-to-next-to-leading order QCD corrections leads to a significant reduction of the theoretical uncertainty from {+-} 9.8% down to {+-} 2.4% in the relevant parameter P{sub c}(X), implying the leftover scale uncertainties in {Beta}(K{sup +} {yields} {pi}{sup +}{nu}{bar {nu}}) and in the determination of |V{sub td}|, sin 2{beta}, and {gamma} from the K {yields} {pi}{nu}{bar {nu}} system to be {+-} 1.3%, {+-} 1.0%, {+-} 0.006, and {+-} 1.2{sup o}, respectively. For the charm quark {ovr MS} mass m{sub c}(m{sub c}) = (1.30 {+-} 0.05) GeV and |V{sub us}| = 0.2248 the next-to-leading order value P{sub c}(X) = 0.37 {+-} 0.06 is modified to P{sub c}(X) = 0.38 {+-} 0.04 at the next-to-next-to-leading order level with the latter error fully dominated by the uncertainty in m{sub c}(m{sub c}). They present tables for P{sub c}(X) as a function of m{sub c}(m{sub c}) and {alpha}{sub s}(M{sub z}) and a very accurate analytic formula that summarizes these two dependences as well as the dominant theoretical uncertainties. Adding the recently calculated long-distance contributions they find {Beta}(K{sup +} {yields} {pi}{sup +}{nu}{bar {nu}}) = (8.0 {+-} 1.1) x 10{sup -11} with the present uncertainties in m{sub c}(m{sub c}) and the Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa elements being the dominant individual sources in the quoted error. They also emphasize that improved calculations of the long
Alvarez-Martinez, R.; Martinez-Mekler, G.; Cocho, G.
2011-01-01
The behavior of rank-ordered distributions of phenomena present in a variety of fields such as biology, sociology, linguistics, finance and geophysics has been a matter of intense research. Often power laws have been encountered; however, their validity tends to hold mainly for an intermediate range of rank values. In a recent publication (Martínez-Mekler et al., 2009 [7]), a generalization of the functional form of the beta distribution has been shown to give excellent fits for many systems of very diverse nature, valid for the whole range of rank values, regardless of whether or not a power law behavior has been previously suggested. Here we give some insight on the significance of the two free parameters which appear as exponents in the functional form, by looking into discrete probabilistic branching processes with conflicting dynamics. We analyze a variety of realizations of these so-called expansion-modification models first introduced by Wentian Li (1989) [10]. We focus our attention on an order-disorder transition we encounter as we vary the modification probability p. We characterize this transition by means of the fitting parameters. Our numerical studies show that one of the fitting exponents is related to the presence of long-range correlations exhibited by power spectrum scale invariance, while the other registers the effect of disordering elements leading to a breakdown of these properties. In the absence of long-range correlations, this parameter is sensitive to the occurrence of unlikely events. We also introduce an approximate calculation scheme that relates this dynamics to multinomial multiplicative processes. A better understanding through these models of the meaning of the generalized beta-fitting exponents may contribute to their potential for identifying and characterizing universality classes.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Jong-Wuu Wu
2009-01-01
Full Text Available This paper allows the backorder rate as a control variable to widen applications of a continuous review inventory model. Moreover, we also consider the backorder rate that is proposed by combining Ouyang and Chuang (2001 (or Lee (2005 with Pan and Hsiao (2001 to present a new form. Thus, the backorder rate is dependent on the amount of shortages and backorder price discounts. Besides, we also treat the ordering cost as a decision variable. Hence, we develop an algorithmic procedure to find the optimal inventory policy by minimax criterion. Finally, a numerical example is also given to illustrate the results.
Jet production at next-to-leading order in p+Au collisions at the RHIC
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
HE Yun-Cun; ZHANG Ben-Wei; WANG En-Ke
2012-01-01
We calculate jet productions in p+Au collisions at the RHIC at next-to-leading order with perturbative QCD.Inclusive jet transverse energy spectrum,dijet invariant mass spectrum,dijet angular distribution,and corresponding nuclear modification factors for the three observables in p+Au collisions at √s =200 GeV are given,where the initial-state cold nuclear matter (CNM) effects are included by taking advantage of four parametrization sets of nuclear parton distribution functions (nPDFs)-EPS,nCTEQ,HKN and DS.We demonstrate that inclusive jet transverse energy (ET) spectrum,dijet invariant mass (MJJ) spectrum with all 4 nPDFs are increased at low ET or MJJ,whereas at high ET or MJJ large deviation of results with different nPDFs is observed.It is found that the dijet angular distributions in p+Au collisions do not vary relative to those in p+p collisions for all 4 nPDFs.
Leading-order hadronic contribution to the electron and muon g-2
Jegerlehner, Fred
2015-01-01
I present a new data driven update of the hadronic vacuum polarization effects for the muon and the electron g-2. For the leading order contributions I find a_mu[LO VP]=(688.57 +/-4.28)[688.91+/-3.52] 10^{-10} based on e+e- data [incl. tau data], a_mu[VP NLO]= (-9.92+/- 0.10) 10^{-10} and a_mu[VP NNLO]= (1.23+/- 0.01) 10^{-10} for the muon, and a_e[VP LO]=(185.11+/- 1.24) 10^{-14}, a_e[VP NLO]=(-22.15+/- 0.16) 10^{-14} and a_e[VP NNLO]=(2.80+/- 0.02) 10^{-14} for the electron. A problem with vacuum polarization undressing of cross-sections (time-like region) is addressed. I also add a comment on properly including axial mesons in the hadronic light-by-light scattering contribution. My estimate here reads a_mu[a_1,f_1',f_1] = ({ 7.51 +/- 2.71}) 10^{-11}. With these updates a_mu [exp]-a_mu [the]=(31.0+/- 8.2) 10^{-10} a 3.8 sigma deviation, while a_e [exp]-a_e [the]=(-1.14+/- 0.82) 10^{-12} shows no significant deviation.
Leading-order determination of the gluon polarization from high-p{sub T} hadron electroproduction
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Airapetian, A. [Giessen Univ. (Germany). Physikalisches Inst.; Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor, MI (United States). Randall Lab. of Physics; Akopov, N. [Yerevan Physics Inst. (Armenia); Akopov, Z. [DESY, Hamburg (DE)] (and others)
2010-02-15
Longitudinal double-spin asymmetries of charged hadrons with high transverse momentum p{sub T} have been measured in electroproduction using the Hermes detector at Hera. Processes involving gluons in the nucleon have been enhanced relative to others by selecting hadrons with p{sub T} typically above 1 GeV. In this kinematic domain the gluon polarization has been extracted in leading order making use of the model embedded in the Monte Carlo Generator Pythia 6.2. The gluon polarization obtained from single inclusive hadrons in the p{sub T} range 1 GeV
Production of Heavy neutrino in next-to-leading order QCD at the LHC and beyond
Das, Arindam; Majhi, Swapan
2016-01-01
Majorana and pseudo-Dirac heavy neutrinos are introduced into the type-I and inverse seesaw models, respectively, in explaining the naturally small neutrino mass. TeV scale heavy neutrinos can also be accommodated to have a sizable mixing with the Standard Model light neutrinos, through which they can be produced and detected at the high energy colliders. In this paper we consider the Next-to-Leading Order QCD corrections to the heavy neutrino production, and study the scale variation in cross-sections as well as the kinematic distributions with different final states at $14$ TeV LHC and also in the context of $100$ TeV hadron collider. The repertoire of the Majorana neutrino is realized through the characteristic signature of the same-sign dilepton pair, whereas, due to a small lepton number violation, the pseudo-Dirac heavy neutrino can manifest the trileptons associated with missing energy in the final state. Using the $\\sqrt{s}=8$ TeV, $20.3$ fb$^{-1}$ and $19.7$ fb$^{-1}$ data at the ATLAS and CMS respec...
Phenomenological study of weakino pair production processes in the MSSM at next-to-leading order
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Baglio, Julien; Jaeger, Barbara; Kesenheimer, Matthias [Eberhard Karls Universitaet Tuebingen (Germany)
2016-07-01
The Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM) predicts the existence of eight weakly interacting particles which are linear combinations of a higgsino and one wino or one bino. These states are called charginos for the electrically charged particles or neutralinos for the neutral particles. Additionally, if R-parity is conserved every weakino production process with following decay results in at least one stable neutralino, which is a good candidate for a dark matter particle. By studying weakino production processes we can gain information about dark matter and SUSY in general. Furthermore, for the analysis of experimental data precise theoretical calculations of production cross sections are essential. With new constrains on SUSY models, we perform a phenomenological study including higher order QCD corrections of chargino and neutralino production processes. Preliminary results of the production cross-section at √(s) = 14 TeV of pp collisions are presented.
Berger, Edmond L; Gao, Jun; Li, Chong Sheng; Liu, Ze Long; Zhu, Hua Xing
2016-05-27
We present a fully differential next-to-next-to-leading order calculation of charm-quark production in charged-current deep-inelastic scattering, with full charm-quark mass dependence. The next-to-next-to-leading order corrections in perturbative quantum chromodynamics are found to be comparable in size to the next-to-leading order corrections in certain kinematic regions. We compare our predictions with data on dimuon production in (anti)neutrino scattering from a heavy nucleus. Our results can be used to improve the extraction of the parton distribution function of a strange quark in the nucleon.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Tiena Gustina Amran
2012-06-01
Full Text Available The purpose of this research is to suggest the optimal raw material inventory system alternatives synchronized with the stock out characteristics and the condition can be occurred, the backorder raw material inventory control, beside that it also can reduce lead time and raw material ordering cost. In this case, the inventory models also extent (Q, R Inventory Model Under lead Time and Ordering Cost Reduction with lead time and ordering cost can be reduced. After the calculation, the optimal solution of inventory models can be obtained; those are with backorder condition which produced the annual inventory total cost for the company.
Charm-Quark Production in Deep-Inelastic Neutrino Scattering at Next-to-Next-to-Leading Order in QCD
Berger, Edmond L.; Gao, Jun; Li, Chong Sheng; Liu, Ze Long; Zhu, Hua Xing
2016-05-01
We present a fully differential next-to-next-to-leading order calculation of charm-quark production in charged-current deep-inelastic scattering, with full charm-quark mass dependence. The next-to-next-to-leading order corrections in perturbative quantum chromodynamics are found to be comparable in size to the next-to-leading order corrections in certain kinematic regions. We compare our predictions with data on dimuon production in (anti)neutrino scattering from a heavy nucleus. Our results can be used to improve the extraction of the parton distribution function of a strange quark in the nucleon.
... Chapter 6 Chapter 7 Chapter 8 Chapter 9 Appendix I Appendix II Tables Figures State Programs Alabama Alaska Arizona ... Tool Kit Resources Healthy Homes and Lead Poisoning Prevention Training Center (HHLPPTC) Training Tracks File Formats Help: ...
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Alboteanu, A.M.
2007-07-01
Within this work we study the phenomenological consequences of a possible realization of QFT on noncommutative space-time. In the first part we performed a phenomenological analysis of the hadronic process pp {yields} Z{sub {gamma}} {yields} l{sup +}l{sup -}{gamma} at the LHC and of electron-positron pair annihilation into a Z boson and a photon at the International Linear Collider (ILC). The noncommutative extension of the SM considered within this work relies on two building blocks: the Moyal-Weyl *-product of functions on ordinary space-time and the Seiberg-Witten maps. A consequence of the noncommutativity of space-time is the violation of rotational invariance with respect to the beam axis. This effect shows up in the azimuthal dependence of cross sections, which is absent in the SM as well as in other models beyond the SM. We have found this dependence to be best suited for deriving the sensitivity bounds on the noncommutative scale NC. By studying pp{yields}Z{sub {gamma}} {yields}l{sup +}l{sup -}{gamma} to first order in the noncommutative parameter {theta}, we show in the first part of this work that measurements at the LHC are sensitive to noncommutative effects only in certain cases, giving bounds on the noncommutative scale of {lambda}{sub NC} >or similar 1.2 TeV. By means of e{sup +}e{sup -} {yields} Z{sub {gamma}} {yields} l{sup +}l{sup -}{gamma} to O({theta}) we have shown that ILC measurements are complementary to LHC measurements of the noncommutative parameters. In addition, the bounds on {lambda}{sub NC} derived from the ILC are significantly higher and reach {lambda}{sub NC} >or similar 6 TeV. In the second part of this work we expand the neutral current sector of the noncommutative SM to second order in {theta}. We found that, against the general expectation, the theory must be enlarged by additional parameters. The new parameters enter the theory as ambiguities of the Seiberg-Witten maps. The latter are not uniquely determined and differ by
Lead and Conduct Problems: A Meta-Analysis
Marcus, David K.; Fulton, Jessica J.; Clarke, Erin J.
2010-01-01
This meta-analysis examined the association between conduct problems and lead exposure. Nineteen studies on 8,561 children and adolescents were included. The average "r" across all 19 studies was 0.19 (p less than 0.001), which is considered a medium effect size. Studies that assessed lead exposure using hair element analysis yielded…
Lead and Conduct Problems: A Meta-Analysis
Marcus, David K.; Fulton, Jessica J.; Clarke, Erin J.
2010-01-01
This meta-analysis examined the association between conduct problems and lead exposure. Nineteen studies on 8,561 children and adolescents were included. The average "r" across all 19 studies was 0.19 (p less than 0.001), which is considered a medium effect size. Studies that assessed lead exposure using hair element analysis yielded…
Buzatu, Traian; Ghica, Gabriel Valeriu; Petrescu, Ionuţ Mircea; Iacob, Gheorghe; Buzatu, Mihai; Niculescu, Florentina
2017-02-01
Increasing global lead consumption has been mainly supported by the acid battery manufacturing industry. As the lead demand will continue to grow, to provide the necessary lead will require an efficient approach to recycling lead acid batteries. In this paper was performed a mathematical modeling of the process parameters for lead recovery from spent lead-acid batteries. The results of the mathematical modeling compare well with the experimental data. The experimental method applied consists in the solubilisation of the sulfate/oxide paste with sodium hydroxide solutions followed by electrolytic processing for lead recovery. The parameters taken into considerations were NaOH molarity (4M, 6M and 8M), solid/liquid ratio - S/L (1/10, 1/30 and 1/50) and temperature (40°C, 60°C and 80°C). The optimal conditions resulted by mathematical modeling of the electrolytic process of lead deposition from alkaline solutions have been established by using a second-order orthogonal program, in order to obtain a maximum efficiency of current without exceeding an imposed energy specific consumption. The optimum value for the leaching recovery efficiency, obtained through mathematical modeling, was 89.647%, with an error of δy=3.623 which leads to a maximum recovery efficiency of 86.024%. The optimum values for each variable that ensure the lead extraction efficiency equal to 89.647% are the following: 3M - NaOH, 1/35 - S/L, 70°C - temperature. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Transverse parton distribution functions at next-to-next-to-leading order: the quark-to-quark case.
Gehrmann, Thomas; Lübbert, Thomas; Yang, Li Lin
2012-12-14
We present a calculation of the perturbative quark-to-quark transverse parton distribution function at next-to-next-to-leading order based on a gauge invariant operator definition. We demonstrate for the first time that such a definition works beyond the first nontrivial order. We extract from our calculation the coefficient functions relevant for a next-to-next-to-next-to-leading logarithmic Q(T) resummation in a large class of processes at hadron colliders.
Hwang, Sungmin
2017-03-01
We present our calculation of the non-relativistic corrections to the heavy quark-antiquark potential up to leading and next-to-leading order (NLO) via the effective string theory (EST). Full systematics of effective field theory (EFT) are discussed in order for including the NLO contribution that arises in the EST. We also show how the number of dimensionful parameters arising from the EST are reduced by the constraints between the Wilson coeffcients from non-relativistic EFTs for QCD.
A Positive-Weight Next-to-Leading-Order Monte Carlo for e+e- Annihilation to Hadrons
Latunde-Dada, O; Webber, Bryan R; Gieseke, Stefan; Latunde-Dada, Oluseyi; Webber, Bryan
2007-01-01
We apply the positive-weight Monte Carlo method of Nason for simulating QCD processes accurate to Next-To-Leading Order to the case of e+e- annihilation to hadrons. The method entails the generation of the hardest gluon emission first and then subsequently adding a `truncated' shower before the emission. We have interfaced our result to the Herwig++ shower Monte Carlo program and obtained better results than those obtained with Herwig++ at leading order with a matrix element correction.
Next-to-leading order QCD corrections to paired $B_c$ production in $e^+e^-$ annihilation
Berezhnoy, A V; Onishchenko, A I; Poslavsky, S V
2016-01-01
We present theoretical analysis of paired $B_c$ mesons production in $e^+e^-$ annihilation at different energy scales taking into account full next-to-leading order QCD corrections. Both possible electroweak channels are considered: production via virtual photon and via virtual $Z$-boson. We study in detail the role of radiative QCD corrections, which were found to be significant especially at low energies. It is shown that the contribution from $Z$-boson is significant at high energies ($\\sqrt{s} > M_Z/2$) especially in the case of paired production of pseudo-scalar and vector ($B_c + B_c^*$) mesons. Azimuthal asymmetry induced by a $P$-violating weak interaction with $Z$-boson is also analyzed.
Dai, Ling-Yun; Haidenbauer, Johann; Meißner, Ulf-G.
2017-07-01
Results for the antinucleon-nucleon (\\overline{N}N) interaction obtained at next-to-next-to-next-to-leading order in chiral effective field theory (EFT) are reported. A new local regularization scheme is used for the pion-exchange contributions that has been recently suggested and applied in a pertinent study of the N N force within chiral EFT. Furthermore, an alternative strategy for estimating the uncertainty is utilized that no longer depends on a variation of the cutoffs. The low-energy constants associated with the arising contact terms are fixed by a fit to the phase shifts and inelasticities provided by a phase-shift analysis of \\overline{p}p scattering data. An excellent description of the \\overline{N}N amplitudes is achieved at the highest order considered. Moreover, because of the quantitative reproduction of partial waves up to J = 3, there is also a nice agreement on the level of \\overline{p}p observables. Specifically, total and integrated elastic and charge-exchange cross sections agree well with the results from the partial-wave analysis up to laboratory energies of 300 MeV, while differential cross sections and analyzing powers are described quantitatively up to 200-250 MeV. The low-energy structure of the \\overline{N}N amplitudes is also considered and compared to data from antiprotonic hydrogen.
Order-frequency analysis of machine signals
Abboud, D.; Antoni, J.
2017-03-01
Latest researches have asserted the eligibility of angle/time cyclostationarity in analyzing machine signals when operating under variable speed conditions. A core descriptor in this framework is the order-frequency spectral correlation (OFSC), basically estimated by the averaged cyclic periodogram (ACP), being able to jointly decode (i) the angle-dependent modulations related to the machine kinematics and (ii) the time-dependent carriers related to the machine dynamics. The present paper comes into this context with the aim of enriching this framework with new tools excerpted from cyclostationarity. In particular, a new estimator of the OFSC based on the cyclic modulation spectrum (CMS) is proposed and compared with the ACP in terms of resolution, statistical performance and computational cost. In addition, two related tools are theoretically addressed and their estimators are derived through the ACP and CMS. Specifically, the optimality of the "order-frequency spectral coherence" (the normalized/whitened form of the OFSC) in revealing cyclic components according to their SNR is demonstrated. Also, the "improved envelope spectrum" is derived from the latter by integrating over the spectral frequency variable, evidencing considerable enhancement over the squared envelope spectrum. The potentiality of the proposed tools and the adequacy of the related estimators are experimentally investigated on simulated and real-world vibration signals.
The electric dipole form factor of the nucleon in chiral perturbation theory to sub-leading order
Mereghetti, E.; de Vries, J.; Hockings, W. H.; Maekawa, C. M.; van Kolck, U.
2011-01-01
The electric dipole form factor (EDFF) of the nucleon stemming from the QCD (theta) over bar term and from the quark color-electric dipole moments is calculated in chiral perturbation theory to sub-leading order. This is the lowest order in which the isoscalar EDFF receives a calculable, non-analyti
Structural Health Monitoring Analysis for the Orbiter Wing Leading Edge
Yap, Keng C.
2010-01-01
This viewgraph presentation reviews Structural Health Monitoring Analysis for the Orbiter Wing Leading Edge. The Wing Leading Edge Impact Detection System (WLE IDS) and the Impact Analysis Process are also described to monitor WLE debris threats. The contents include: 1) Risk Management via SHM; 2) Hardware Overview; 3) Instrumentation; 4) Sensor Configuration; 5) Debris Hazard Monitoring; 6) Ascent Response Summary; 7) Response Signal; 8) Distribution of Flight Indications; 9) Probabilistic Risk Analysis (PRA); 10) Model Correlation; 11) Impact Tests; 12) Wing Leading Edge Modeling; 13) Ascent Debris PRA Results; and 14) MM/OD PRA Results.
Next-to-next-to-leading order contributions to jet photoproduction and determination of αs
Klasen, Michael; Kramer, Gustav; Michael, Markus
2014-04-01
We present the first calculation of inclusive jet photoproduction with approximate next-to-next-to-leading-order contributions, obtained from a unified threshold resummation formalism. The leading coefficients for direct photoproduction are computed analytically. Together with the coefficients pertinent to parton-parton scattering, they are shown to agree with those appearing in our full next-to-leading-order calculations. For hadron-hadron scattering, numerical agreement is found with a previous calculation of jet production at the Tevatron. We show that the direct and resolved approximate next-to-next-to-leading-order contributions considerably improve the description of final ZEUS data on jet photoproduction and that the error on the determination of the strong coupling constant is significantly reduced.
Epelbaum, Evgeny; Lee, Dean; Meißner, Ulf-G
2008-01-01
We present lattice calculations for the ground state energy of dilute neutron matter at next-to-leading order in chiral effective field theory. This study follows a series of recent papers on low-energy nuclear physics using chiral effective field theory on the lattice. In this work we introduce an improved spin- and isospin-projected leading-order action which allows for a perturbative treatment of corrections at next-to-leading order and smaller estimated errors. Using auxiliary fields and Euclidean-time projection Monte Carlo, we compute the ground state of 8, 12, and 16 neutrons in a periodic cube, covering a density range from 2% to 10% of normal nuclear density.
High-Order Supervised Discriminant Analysis for Visual Data
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Xiao-Ling Xia; Hang-Hui Huang
2014-01-01
In practical applications, we often have to deal with high-order data, for example, a grayscale image and a video clip are intrinsically a 2nd-order tensor and a 3rd-order tensor, respectively. In order to satisty these high-order data, it is conventional to vectorize these data in advance, which often destroys the intrinsic structures of the data and includes the curse of dimensionality. For this reason, we consider the problem of high-order data representation and classification, and propose a tensor based fisher discriminant analysis (FDA), which is a generalized version of FDA, named as GFDA. Experimental results show our GFDA outperforms the existing methods, such as the 2-directional 2-dimensional principal component analysis ((2D)2PCA), 2-directional 2-dimensional linear discriminant analysis ((2D)2LDA), and multilinear discriminant analysis (MDA), in high-order data classification under a lower compression ratio.
Top quark forward-backward asymmetry in e+ e- annihilation at next-to-next-to-leading order in QCD.
Gao, Jun; Zhu, Hua Xing
2014-12-31
We report on a complete calculation of electroweak production of top-quark pairs in e+ e- annihilation at next-to-next-to-leading order in quantum chromodynamics. Our setup is fully differential in phase space and can be used to calculate any infrared-safe observable. Especially we calculated the next-to-next-to-leading-order corrections to the top-quark forward-backward asymmetry and found sizable effects. Our results show a large reduction of the theoretical uncertainties in predictions of the forward-backward asymmetry, and allow for a precision determination of the top-quark electroweak couplings at future e+ e- colliders.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Hwang Sungmin
2017-01-01
Full Text Available We present our calculation of the non-relativistic corrections to the heavy quark-antiquark potential up to leading and next-to-leading order (NLO via the effective string theory (EST. Full systematics of effective field theory (EFT are discussed in order for including the NLO contribution that arises in the EST. We also show how the number of dimensionful parameters arising from the EST are reduced by the constraints between the Wilson coeffcients from non-relativistic EFTs for QCD.
Leading-order hadronic contributions to the electron and tau anomalous magnetic moments
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Burger, Florian; Pientka, Grit [Humboldt-Universitaet zu Berlin, Institut fuer Physik, Berlin (Germany); Jansen, Karl [NIC, DESY, Zeuthen (Germany); Petschlies, Marcus [The Cyprus Institute, P.O.Box 27456, Nicosia (Cyprus); Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universitaet Bonn, Institut fuer Strahlen- und Kernphysik, Bonn (Germany)
2016-08-15
The leading hadronic contributions to the anomalous magnetic moments of the electron and the τ-lepton are determined by a four-flavour lattice QCD computation with twisted mass fermions. The results presented are based on the quark-connected contribution to the hadronic vacuum polarisation function. The continuum limit is taken and systematic uncertainties are quantified. Full agreement with results obtained by phenomenological analyses is found. (orig.)
Leading-order decuplet contributions to the baryon magnetic moments in chiral perturbation theory
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Geng, L.S. [Departamento de Fisica Teorica and IFIC, Centro Mixto Universidad de Valencia-CSIC, Institutos de Investigacion de Paterna, 46071-Valencia (Spain); Camalich, J. Martin [Departamento de Fisica Teorica and IFIC, Centro Mixto Universidad de Valencia-CSIC, Institutos de Investigacion de Paterna, 46071-Valencia (Spain)], E-mail: camalich@ific.uv.es; Vacas, M.J. Vicente [Departamento de Fisica Teorica and IFIC, Centro Mixto Universidad de Valencia-CSIC, Institutos de Investigacion de Paterna, 46071-Valencia (Spain)
2009-06-01
We extend an earlier study of the baryon magnetic moments in chiral perturbation theory by the explicit inclusion of the spin-3/2 decuplet resonances. We find that the corrections induced by these heavier degrees of freedom are relatively small in a covariant framework where unphysical spin-1/2 modes are removed. Consequently, implementing the leading SU(3)-breaking corrections given by both the baryon and decuplet contributions, we obtain a description of the baryon-octet magnetic moments that is better than the Coleman-Glashow relations. Finally, we discuss the uncertainties and compare between heavy baryon and covariant approaches.
Leading-order decuplet contributions to the baryon magnetic moments in Chiral Perturbation Theory
Geng, L S; Vacas, M J Vicente
2009-01-01
We extend an earlier study of the baryon magnetic moments in chiral perturbation theory by the explicit inclusion of the spin-3/2 decuplet resonances. We find that the corrections induced by these heavier degrees of freedom are relatively small in a covariant framework where unphysical spin-1/2 modes are removed. Consequently, implementing the leading SU(3)-breaking corrections given by both the baryon and decuplet contributions, we obtain a description of the baryon-octet magnetic moments that is better than the Coleman-Glashow relations. Finally, we discuss the uncertainties and compare between heavy baryon and covariant approaches.
Next-to-Leading Order Calculation of the Single Transverse Spin Asymmetry in the Drell-Yan Process
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Vogelsang, Werner; Yuan, Feng
2009-03-30
We calculate the next-to-leading order perturbative QCD corrections to the transverse momentum weighted single transverse spin asymmetry in Drell-Yan lepton pair production in hadronic collisions. We identify the splitting function relevant for the scale evolution of the twist-three quark-gluon correlation function. We comment on the consequences of our results for phenomenology.
Production of massless bottom jets in p anti p and pp collisions at next-to-leading order of QCD
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bierenbaum, Isabella [Humboldt-Universitaet, Berlin (Germany). Inst. fuer Physik; Kramer, Gustav [Hamburg Univ. (Germany). 2. Inst. fuer Theoretische Physik
2016-03-15
We present predictions for the inclusive production of bottom jets in proton-antiproton collisions at 1.96 TeV and proton-proton collisions at 7 TeV. The bottom quark is considered massless. In this scheme, we find that at small transverse momentum (p{sub T}) the ratio of the next-to-leading order to the leading-order cross section (K factor) is smaller than one. It increases with increasing p{sub T} and approaches one at larger p{sub T} at a value depending essentially on the choice of the renormalization scale. Adding non-perturbative corrections obtained from PYTHIA Monte Carlo calculations leads to reasonable agreement with experimental b-jet cross sections obtained by the CDF and the CMS collaborations.
Guzey, V
2016-01-01
We make predictions for the cross sections of diffractive dijet photoproduction in $pp$, $pA$ and $AA$ ultraperipheral collisions (UPCs) at the LHC during Runs 1 and 2 using next-to-leading perturbative QCD. We find that the resulting cross sections are sufficiently large and, compared to lepton-proton scattering at HERA, have an enhanced sensitivity to small observed momentum fractions in the diffractive exchange, commonly denoted $z_{P}^{\\rm jets}$, and an unprecedented reach in the invariant mass of the photon-nucleon system $W$. We examine two competing schemes of diffractive QCD factorization breaking, which assume either a global suppression factor or a suppression for resolved photons only and demonstrate that the two scenarios can be distinguished by the nuclear dependence of the distributions in the observed parton momentum fraction in the photon $x_{\\gamma}^{\\rm jets}$.
Guzey, V.; Klasen, M.
2016-04-01
We make predictions for the cross sections of diffractive dijet photoproduction in pp, pA and AA ultraperipheral collisions (UPCs) at the LHC during Runs 1 and 2 using next-to-leading perturbative QCD. We find that the resulting cross sections are sufficiently large and, compared to lepton-proton scattering at HERA, have an enhanced sensitivity to small observed momentum fractions in the diffractive exchange, commonly denoted {z}_{{P}}^{jets} , and an unprecedented reach in the invariant mass of the photon-nucleon system W. We examine two competing schemes of diffractive QCD factorization breaking, which assume either a global suppression factor or a suppression for resolved photons only and demonstrate that the two scenarios can be distinguished by the nuclear dependence of the distributions in the observed parton momentum fraction in the photon x γ jets.
Flow interactions lead to orderly formations of flapping wings in forward flight
Ramananarivo, Sophie; Fang, Fang; Oza, Anand; Zhang, Jun; Ristroph, Leif
2016-11-01
Classic models of fish schools and flying formations of birds are built on the hypothesis that the preferred locations of an individual are determined by the flow left by its upstream neighbor. Lighthill posited that arrangements may in fact emerge passively from hydro- or aerodynamic interactions, drawing an analogy to the formation of crystals by intermolecular forces. Here, we carry out physical experiments aimed at testing the Lighthill conjecture and find that self-propelled flapping wings spontaneously assume one of multiple arrangements due to flow interactions. Wings in a tandem pair select the same forward speed, which tends to be faster than a single wing, while maintaining a separation distance that is an integer multiple of the wavelength traced out by each body. When perturbed, these locomotors robustly return to the same arrangement, and direct hydrodynamic force measurements reveal springlike restoring forces that maintain group cohesion. We also use these data to construct an interaction potential, showing how the observed positions of the follower correspond to stable wells in an energy landscape. Flow visualization and vortex-based theoretical models reveal coherent interactions in which the follower surfs on the periodic wake left by the leader. These results indicate that, for the high-Reynolds-number flows characteristic of schools and flocks, collective locomotion at enhanced speed and in orderly formations can emerge from flow interactions alone. If true for larger groups, then the view of collectives as ordered states of matter may prove to be a useful analogy.
2HDM Higgs-to-Higgs Decays at Next-to-Leading Order
Krause, Marcel; Santos, Rui; Ziesche, Hanna
2016-01-01
The detailed investigation of the Higgs sector at present and future colliders necessitates from the theory side as precise predictions as possible, including higher order corrections. An important ingredient for the computation of higher order corrections is the renormalization of the model parameters and fields. In this paper we complete the renormalization of the 2-Higgs-Doublet Model (2HDM) Higgs sector launched in a previous contribution with the investigation of the renormalization of the mixing angles $\\alpha$ and $\\beta$. Here, we treat the renormalization of the mass parameter $m_{12}^2$ that softly breaks the $\\mathbb{Z}_2$ symmetry of the 2HDM Higgs sector. We investigate the impact of two different renormalization schemes on the sample Higgs-to-Higgs decay $H\\to hh$. This decay also allows us to analyze the renormalization of the mixing angles and to confirm the properties extracted before in other Higgs decays. In conclusion we find that a gauge-independent, process-independent and numerically st...
Next-to-leading order unitarity fits in Two-Higgs-Doublet models with soft $\\mathbb{Z}_2$ breaking
Cacchio, Vincenzo; Eberhardt, Otto; Murphy, Christopher W
2016-01-01
We fit the next-to-leading order unitarity conditions to the Two-Higgs-Doublet model with a softly broken $\\mathbb{Z}_2$ symmetry. In doing so, we alleviate the existing uncertainty on how to treat higher order corrections to quartic couplings of its Higgs potential. A simplified approach to implementing the next-to-leading order unitarity conditions is presented. These new bounds are then combined with all other relevant constraints, including the complete set of LHC Run I data. The upper $95\\%$ bounds we find are $4.2$ on the absolute values of the quartic couplings, and $235$ GeV ($100$ GeV) for the mass degeneracies between the heavy Higgs particles in the type I (type II) scenario. In type II, we exclude an unbroken $\\mathbb{Z}_2$ symmetry with a probability of $95\\%$. All fits are performed using the open-source code HEPfit.
Moghrabi, Kassem
2016-01-01
We present the explicit form of the next-to-next-to-leading order (N$^2$LO) Skyrme interaction in momentum space by including the fourth-order gradient potentials to the standard Skyrme interaction. With the N$^2$LO Skyrme interaction, we evaluate the second-order corrections to the nuclear bulk quantities of nuclear matter: equation of state (EoS) of isospin symmetric and pure neutron matter, density-dependent in-medium effective nucleon mass, isospin-asymmetry energy, pressure and incompressibility. These second-order contributions are ultraviolet (UV) divergent due to the zero range character of the interaction and renormalized using the techniques of dimensional regularization (DR) with the minimal subtraction scheme (MS). We adjust the 18 parameters of the interaction by performing a global fit to the nuclear bulk quantities. Besides the too strong dependence $k_F^{12}$ of several second-order corrections, a very good reproduction of a realistic nuclear matter saturation curve with all the nuclear bulk q...
Higher-order terms in sensitivity analysis through a differential approach
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Dubi, A.; Dudziak, D.J.
1981-06-01
A differential approach to sensitivity analysis has been developed that eliminates some difficulties existing in previous work. The new development leads to simple explicit expressions for the first-order perturbation as well as any higher-order terms. The higher-order terms are dependent only on differentials of the transport operator, the unperturbed flux, the adjoint flux, and the unperturbed Green's function of the system.
Preparation and structural stability of ordered nanocomposites: opal matrix - lead titanates
Samoylovich, M. I.; Mkrtchyan, A. R.; Belyanin, A. F.; Bagdasaryan, S. A.; Kiziridi, A. A.
2016-06-01
The conditions for the formation of nanocomposites based on the basis of lattice packings of SiO2 nanospheres (opal matrices) with included crystallites of lead titanates (PbTiO3 and PbTi3O7) in interspherical nanospacing are considered. For the formation of nanocomposites are used sample opal matrices with dimensions of single-domain regions ≥0,1 mm.3 The diameter of SiO2 nanospheres was ∼260 nm. Obtained nanocomposites volume >2 cm3 in filling >20% of interspherical nanospacing PbTiO3, PbTi3O7 crystallites were size of 16-36 nm. Using X-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy are studied composition and structural stability when heated nanocomposites to 550°C, which allowed the identification of a local phase transition with change of the space group. The dependence of the composition of synthesized materials on the conditions of their preparation is submitted.
Cavero-Pelaez, Ines; Parashar, Prachi; Shajesh, K V
2008-01-01
We calculate the lateral Casimir force between corrugated parallel plates, described by $\\delta$-function potentials, interacting through a scalar field, using the multiple scattering formalism. The contributions to the Casimir energy due to uncorrugated parallel plates is treated as a background from the outset. We derive the leading- and next-to-leading-order contribution to the lateral Casimir force for the case when the corrugation amplitudes are small in comparison to corrugation wavelengths. We present explicit results in terms of finite integrals for the case of the Dirichlet limit, and exact results for the weak-coupling limit, for the leading- and next-to-leading-orders. The correction due to the next-to-leading contribution is significant. In the weak coupling limit we calculate the lateral Casimir force exactly in terms of a single integral which we evaluate numerically. Exact results for the case of the weak limit allows us to estimate the error in the perturbative results. We show that the error ...
Next-to-Next-to Leading Order QCD Predictions for Single Jet Inclusive Production at the LHC
Currie, J.; Glover, E. W. N.; Pires, J.
2017-02-01
We report the first calculation of fully differential jet production at leading color in all partonic channels at next-to-next-to leading order in perturbative QCD and compare to the available ATLAS 7 TeV data. We discuss the size and shape of the perturbative corrections along with their associated scale variation across a wide range in jet transverse momentum, pT, and rapidity, y . We find significant effects, especially at low pT, and discuss the possible implications for parton distribution function fits.
High order sensitivity analysis of complex, coupled systems
Sobieszczanski-Sobieski, Jaroslaw
1990-01-01
The Sobieszczanski-Sobieski (1988) algorithm is extended to include second- and higher-order derivatives while retaining the obviation of finite-differencing of the system analysis. This is accomplished by means of a recursive application of the same implicit function theorem as in the original algorithm. In optimization, the computational cost of the higher-order derivatives is relative to the aggregate cost of analysis together with a repetition of the first-order sensitivity analysis as often as is required to produce the equivalent information by successive linearizations within move limits.
Lattice chiral effective field theory with three-body interactions at next-to-next-to-leading order
Epelbaum, Evgeny; Lee, Dean; Meißner, Ulf-G
2009-01-01
We consider low-energy nucleons at next-to-next-to-leading order in lattice chiral effective field theory. Three-body interactions first appear at this order, and we discuss several methods for determining three-body interaction coefficients on the lattice. We compute the energy of the triton and low-energy neutron-deuteron scattering phase shifts in the spin-doublet and spin-quartet channels using Luescher's finite volume method. In the four-nucleon system we calculate the energy of the alpha particle using auxiliary fields and projection Monte Carlo.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Hala A. Fergany
2005-01-01
Full Text Available This study treats the probabilistic safety stock n-items inventory system having varying order cost and zero lead-time subject to two linear constraints. The expected total cost is composed of three components: the average purchase cost; the expected order cost and the expected holding cost. The policy variables in this model are the number of periods Nr* and the optimal maximum inventory level Qmr* and the minimum expected total cost. We can obtain the optimal values of these policy variables by using the geometric programming approach. A special case is deduced and an illustrative numerical example is added.
Top-quark pair production at next-to-next-to-leading order QCD in electron positron collisions
Chen, Long; Heisler, Dennis; Bernreuther, Werner; Si, Zong-Guo
2016-01-01
We set up a formalism, within the antenna subtraction framework, for computing the production of a massive quark-antiquark pair in electron positron collisions at next-to-next-to-leading order in the coupling $\\alpha_s$ of quantum chromodynamics at the differential level. Our formalism applies to the calculation of any infrared-safe observable. We apply this set-up to the production of top-quark top antiquark pairs in the continuum. We compute the production cross section and several distributions. We determine, in particular, the top-quark forward-backward asymmetry at order $\\alpha_s^2$. Our result agrees with previous computations of this observable.
Dilute neutron matter on the lattice at next-to-leading order in chiral effective field theory
Borasoy, Bugra; Krebs, Hermann; Lee, Dean; Meißner, Ulf-G
2007-01-01
We discuss lattice simulations of the ground state of dilute neutron matter at next-to-leading order in chiral effective field theory. In a previous paper the coefficients of the next-to-leading-order lattice action were determined by matching nucleon-nucleon scattering data for momenta up to the pion mass. Here the same lattice action is used to simulate the ground state of up to 12 neutrons in a periodic cube using Monte Carlo. We explore the density range from 2% to 8% of normal nuclear density and analyze the ground state energy as an expansion about the unitarity limit with corrections due to finite scattering length, effective range, and P-wave interactions.
Klasen, M
2009-01-01
We perform next-to-leading order calculations of the single-diffractive and non-diffractive cross sections for dijet production in proton-antiproton collisions at the Tevatron. By comparing their ratio to the data published by the CDF collaboration for two different center-of-mass energies, we deduce the rapidity-gap survival probability as a function of the momentum fraction of the parton in the antiproton. Assuming Regge factorization, this probability can be interpreted as a suppression factor for the diffractive structure function measured in deep-inelastic scattering at HERA. In contrast to the observations for photoproduction, the suppression factor in proton-antiproton collisions depends on the momentum fraction of the parton in the Pomeron even at next-to-leading order.
Klasen, Michael; Kramer, Gustav
2009-10-01
We perform next-to-leading order calculations of the single-diffractive and nondiffractive cross sections for dijet production in proton-antiproton collisions at the Tevatron. By comparing their ratio to the data published by the CDF collaboration for two different center-of-mass energies, we deduce the rapidity-gap survival probability as a function of the momentum fraction of the parton in the antiproton. Assuming Regge factorization, this probability can be interpreted as a suppression factor for the diffractive structure function measured in deep-inelastic scattering at HERA. In contrast to the observations for photoproduction, the suppression factor in proton-antiproton collisions depends on the momentum fraction of the parton in the Pomeron even at next-to-leading order.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Klasen, M. [Univ. Joseph Fourier, Laboratoire de Physique Subatomique et de Cosmologie, Grenoble (France); Kramer, G. [Univ. Hamburg, II. Inst. fuer Theoretische Physik (Germany)
2009-08-15
We perform next-to-leading order calculations of the single-diffractive and non-diffractive cross sections for dijet production in proton-antiproton collisions at the Tevatron. By comparing their ratio to the data published by the CDF collaboration for two different center-of-mass energies, we deduce the rapidity-gap survival probability as a function of the momentum fraction of the parton in the antiproton. Assuming Regge factorization, this probability can be interpreted as a suppression factor for the diffractive structure function measured in deep-inelastic scattering at HERA. In contrast to the observations for photoproduction, the suppression factor in protonantiproton collisions depends on the momentum fraction of the parton in the Pomeron even at next-to-leading order. (orig.)
Polarized Di-hadron production in lepton-nucleon collisions at the next-to-leading order of QCD
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Hendlmeier, Christof
2008-05-15
We compute the next-to-leading order QCD corrections to the spin-dependent cross section for hadron-pair photoproduction. In the first part of the Thesis the calculation is performed using largely analytical methods. We present a detailed phenomenological study of our results focussing on the K-factors and scale dependence of the next-to-leading order cross sections. The second part is dedicated to an alternative approach using Monte-Carlo integration techniques. We present a detailed description how this method works in practice and give phenomenological studies for the photoproduction of two hadrons. This process is relevant for the extraction of the gluon polarization in present and future spin-dependent lepton-nucleon scattering experiments. (orig.)
Analysis of an economic order quantity and reorder point inventory ...
African Journals Online (AJOL)
Analysis of an economic order quantity and reorder point inventory control model for Siba ... Open Access DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT ... In addition, a cost estimate was done to compare both her current model and the recommended models.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Paatelainen, R.; Eskola, K.J. [Department of Physics, P.O.Box 35, FI-40014 University of Jyväskylä (Finland); Helsinki Institute of Physics, P.O.Box 64, FI-00014 University of Helsinki (Finland); Holopainen, H. [Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies, Ruth-Moufang-Str. 1, D-60438 Frankfurt am Main (Germany); Niemi, H. [Department of Physics, P.O.Box 35, FI-40014 University of Jyväskylä (Finland); Helsinki Institute of Physics, P.O.Box 64, FI-00014 University of Helsinki (Finland); Tuominen, K. [Department of Physics, P.O.Box 64, FI-00014 University of Helsinki (Finland); Helsinki Institute of Physics, P.O.Box 64, FI-00014 University of Helsinki (Finland)
2014-06-15
We calculate initial conditions for the hydrodynamical evolution in ultrarelativistic heavy-ion collisions at the LHC and RHIC in an improved next-to-leading order perturbative QCD + saturation framework. Using viscous relativistic hydrodynamics, we show that we obtain a good simultaneous description of the centrality dependence of charged particle multiplicities, transverse momentum spectra and elliptic flow at the LHC and at RHIC. In particular, we discuss how the temperature dependence of the shear viscosity is constrained by these data.
Herwig++ Monte Carlo At Next-To-Leading Order for e+e- annihilation and lepton pair production
Latunde-Dada, Oluseyi
2007-01-01
This paper describes the MC@NLO method for matching next-to-leading order (NLO) perturbative QCD with the parton shower and hadronization model of the Monte Carlo (MC) event generator tt Herwig++, for e+e- annihilation and Drell-Yan lepton pair production. Details of the event generation method as well as spin, flavour, momentum and colour assignments are presented. We obtain predictions for various distributions which arecompared with experimental data.
Herwig++ Monte Carlo At Next-To-Leading Order for e+e- annihilation and lepton pair production.
Latunde-Dada, Oluseyi
2007-01-01
This paper describes the MC@NLO method for matching next-to-leading order (NLO) perturbative QCD with the parton shower and hadronization model of the Monte Carlo (MC) event generator tt Herwig++, for e+e- annihilation and Drell-Yan lepton pair production. Details of the event generation method as well as spin, flavour, momentum and colour assignments are presented. We obtain predictions for various distributions which arecompared with experimental data.
Iancu, E; Triantafyllopoulos, D N
2016-01-01
Within the Color Glass Condensate effective theory, we reconsider the next-to-leading order (NLO) calculation of the single inclusive particle production at forward rapidities in proton-nucleus collisions at high energy. Focusing on quark production for definiteness, we establish a new factorization scheme, valid thru NLO, in which all the radiative corrections are encoded into a single piece: a NLO impact factor, built with the produced quark and its (not necessarily soft) daughter gluon, which together scatter off the gluon distribution in the nucleus and thus measure its high-energy evolution to next-to-leading order. The NLO impact factor was previously computed in [1,2], but the reorganization of the perturbation theory that we propose is new. The non-linear evolution of the dense nucleus is not known beyond leading order, but we manage to reformulate it as the NLO evolution of the dilute projectile, amended by collinear improvement. As compared to the previous proposal in [1,2], in our factorization sch...
Next-to-leading-order electroweak corrections to the production of four charged leptons at the LHC
Biedermann, Benedikt; Dittmaier, Stefan; Hofer, Lars; Jager, Barbara
2016-01-01
We present a state-of-the-art calculation of the next-to-leading-order electroweak corrections to ZZ production, including the leptonic decays of the Z bosons into $\\mu^+\\mu^-\\mathrm{e}^+\\mathrm{e}^-$ or $\\mu^+\\mu^-\\mu^+\\mu^-$ final states. We use complete leading-order and next-to-leading-order matrix elements for four-lepton production, including contributions of virtual photons and all off-shell effects of Z bosons, where the finite Z-boson width is taken into account using the complex-mass scheme. The matrix elements are implemented into Monte Carlo programs allowing for the evaluation of arbitrary differential distributions. We present integrated and differential cross sections for the LHC at 13 TeV both for an inclusive setup where only lepton identification cuts are applied, and for a setup motivated by Higgs-boson analyses in the four-lepton decay channel. The electroweak corrections are divided into photonic and purely weak contributions. The former show the well-known pronounced tails near kinematic...
Fractional-Order Nonlinear Systems Modeling, Analysis and Simulation
Petráš, Ivo
2011-01-01
"Fractional-Order Nonlinear Systems: Modeling, Analysis and Simulation" presents a study of fractional-order chaotic systems accompanied by Matlab programs for simulating their state space trajectories, which are shown in the illustrations in the book. Description of the chaotic systems is clearly presented and their analysis and numerical solution are done in an easy-to-follow manner. Simulink models for the selected fractional-order systems are also presented. The readers will understand the fundamentals of the fractional calculus, how real dynamical systems can be described using fractional derivatives and fractional differential equations, how such equations can be solved, and how to simulate and explore chaotic systems of fractional order. The book addresses to mathematicians, physicists, engineers, and other scientists interested in chaos phenomena or in fractional-order systems. It can be used in courses on dynamical systems, control theory, and applied mathematics at graduate or postgraduate level. ...
Corrosion by liquid lead and lead-bismuth: experimental results review and analysis
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Zhang, Jinsuo [Los Alamos National Laboratory
2008-01-01
Liquid metal technologies for liquid lead and lead-bismuth alloy are under wide investigation and development for advanced nuclear energy systems and waste transmutation systems. Material corrosion is one of the main issues studied a lot recently in the development of the liquid metal technology. This study reviews corrosion by liquid lead and lead bismuth, including the corrosion mechanisms, corrosion inhibitor and the formation of the protective oxide layer. The available experimental data are analyzed by using a corrosion model in which the oxidation and scale removal are coupled. Based on the model, long-term behaviors of steels in liquid lead and lead-bismuth are predictable. This report provides information for the selection of structural materials for typical nuclear reactor coolant systems when selecting liquid lead or lead bismuth as heat transfer media.
Benic, Sanjin; Garcia-Montero, Oscar; Venugopalan, Raju
2016-01-01
We compute the cross section for photons emitted from sea quarks in proton-nucleus collisions at collider energies. The computation is performed within the dilute-dense kinematics of the Color Glass Condensate (CGC) effective field theory. Albeit the result obtained is formally at next-to-leading order in the CGC power counting, it provides the dominant contribution for central rapidities. We observe that the inclusive photon cross section is proportional to all-twist Wilson line correlators in the nucleus. These correlators also appear in quark-pair production; unlike the latter, photon production is insensitive to hadronization uncertainties and therefore more sensitive to multi-parton correlations in the gluon saturation regime of QCD. We demonstrate that $k_\\perp$ and collinear factorized expressions for inclusive photon production are obtained as leading twist approximations to our result. In particular, the collinearly factorized expression is directly sensitive to the nuclear gluon distribution at smal...
Next-to-leading-order electroweak corrections to the production of four charged leptons at the LHC
Biedermann, Benedikt; Denner, Ansgar; Dittmaier, Stefan; Hofer, Lars; Jäger, Barbara
2017-01-01
We present a state-of-the-art calculation of the next-to-leading-order electroweak corrections to ZZ production, including the leptonic decays of the Z bosons into μ + μ -e+e- or μ + μ - μ + μ - final states. We use complete leading-order and next-to-leading-order matrix elements for four-lepton production, including contributions of virtual photons and all off-shell effects of Z bosons, where the finite Z-boson width is taken into account using the complex-mass scheme. The matrix elements are implemented into Monte Carlo programs allowing for the evaluation of arbitrary differential distributions. We present integrated and differential cross sections for the LHC at 13 TeV both for an inclusive setup where only lepton identification cuts are applied, and for a setup motivated by Higgs-boson analyses in the four-lepton decay channel. The electroweak corrections are divided into photonic and purely weak contributions. The former show the well-known pronounced tails near kinematical thresholds and resonances; the latter are generically at the level of ˜ -5% and reach several -10% in the high-energy tails of distributions. Comparing the results for μ + μ -e+e- and μ + μ - μ + μ - final states, we find significant differences mainly in distributions that are sensitive to the μ + μ - pairing in the μ + μ - μ + μ - final state. Differences between μ + μ -e+e- and μ + μ - μ + μ - channels due to interferences of equal-flavour leptons in the final state can reach up to 10% in off-shell-sensitive regions. Contributions induced by incoming photons, i.e. photon-photon and quark-photon channels, are included, but turn out to be phenomenologically unimportant.
Catani, Stefano; Cieri, Leandro; de Florian, Daniel; Ferrera, Giancarlo; Grazzini, Massimiliano
2012-02-17
We consider direct diphoton production in hadron collisions, and we compute the next-to-next-to-leading order QCD radiative corrections at the fully differential level. Our calculation uses the q(T) subtraction formalism, and it is implemented in a parton-level Monte Carlo program. The program allows the user to apply arbitrary kinematical cuts on the final-state photons and the associated jet activity and to compute the corresponding distributions in the form of bin histograms. We present selected numerical results related to Higgs boson searches at the LHC and corresponding results at the Tevatron.
Four-Jet Production at the Large Hadron Collider at Next-to-Leading Order in QCD
Bern, Z; Dixon, L J; Cordero, F Febres; Hoeche, S; Kosower, D A; Ita, H; Maitre, D; Ozeren, K
2012-01-01
We present the cross sections for production of up to four jets at the Large Hadron Collider, at next-to-leading order in the QCD coupling. We use the BlackHat library in conjunction with SHERPA and a recently developed algorithm for assembling primitive amplitudes into color-dressed amplitudes. We adopt the cuts used by ATLAS in their study of multi-jet events in pp collisions at \\sqrt{s} = 7 TeV. We include estimates of nonperturbative corrections and compare to ATLAS data. We store intermediate results in a framework that allows the inexpensive computation of additional results for different choices of scale or parton distributions.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Dai, Lingyun [Indiana University , Bloomington, IN; Prokudin, Alexei [Jefferson Lab, Newport News, VA; Kang, Zhong-Bo [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545; Vitev, Ivan [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos
2015-09-01
We study the three-gluon correlation function contribution to the Sivers asymmetry in semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering. We first establish the matching between the usual twist-3 collinear factorization approach and transverse momentum dependent factorization formalism for the moderate transverse momentum region. We then derive the so-called coefficient functions used in the usual TMD evolution formalism. Finally, we perform the next-to-leading order calculation for the transverse-momentum-weighted spin-dependent differential cross section, from which we identify the QCD collinear evolution of the twist-3 Qiu-Sterman function: the off-diagonal contribution from the three-gluon correlation functions.
The radiative return at phi- and B-factories: FSR for muon pair production at next-to-leading order
Czyz, Henryk; Kuhn, Johann H; Rodrigo, Germán; Czyz, Henryk; Grzelinska, Agnieszka; Kuhn, Johann H.; Rodrigo, German
2005-01-01
Muon pair production through the radiative return is of importance for a measurement of the hadronic production cross section in two ways: it provides an independent calibration and it may give rise to an important background for a measurement of the pion form factor. With this motivation the Monte Carlo event generator PHOKHARA is extended to include next-to-leading order radiative corrections to the reaction $e^+e^-\\to \\mu^+\\mu^-\\gamma$. Furthermore, virtual ISR corrections to FSR from pions are introduced, which extends the applicability of the generator into a new kinematical regime. Finally, the effect of photon vacuum polarization is introduced into this new version of the generator.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Höche, Stefan; Schönherr, Marek
2012-11-01
We quantify uncertainties in the Monte Carlo simulation of inclusive and dijet final states, which arise from using the MC@NLO technique for matching next-to-leading order parton-level calculations and parton showers. We analyse a large variety of data from early measurements at the LHC. In regions of phase space where Sudakov logarithms dominate over high-energy effects, we observe that the main uncertainty can be ascribed to the free parameters of the parton shower. In complementary regions, the main uncertainty stems from the considerable freedom in the simulation of underlying events.
Porto, Rafael A
2007-01-01
In this comment we explain the discrepancy found between the results in arXiv:0712.1716v1 for the 3PN spin-spin potential and those previously derived in gr-qc/0604099. We point out that to compare one must include sub-leading lower order spin-orbit effects which contribute to the spin-spin potential once one transforms to the PN frame. When these effects are included the results in arXiv:0712.1716v1 do indeed reproduce those found in gr-qc/0604099.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Petschauer S.
2014-06-01
Full Text Available In this proceeding results for hyperon-nucleon interactions calculated at next-to-leading order (i.e. one-loop order in SU(3 chiral effective field theory are presented. The potentials include contributions from one- and two-meson exchange, and four-baryon contact terms provided by the SU(3 chiral Lagrangian. SU(3 flavor symmetry is imposed for the low-energy constants, while explicit SU(3 symmetry breaking is included only through the physical pseudoscalar-meson and baryon masses. Calculations have been performed for hyperon-nucleon scattering cross sections using a regularized Lippmann-Schwinger equation. A good description of the available data is achieved, comparable to modern phenomenological hyperon-nucleon interaction models. These results provide a new basis for studies of hypernuclei or hyperons in nuclear matter.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Mohammadali Pirayesh Neghab
2014-01-01
Full Text Available In Iran Khodro Khorasan, inventory replenishment policy of some items is based on certain simple model (Wilson model. Sometimes because of some reasons, goods reception may not be achieved at the planned time. This state is called as critical situation because the production line is on the eve of stop. The purpose of this paper is to present different inventory replenishment policies in critical situation. For each policy, the cost function that includes cost of line stop, ordering cost, holding cost and transportation cost has been modeled and through its minimization, vehicle type and optimal order quantity have been determined. This model has been used numerically for two items of Iran Khodro Khorasan. Findings show that applying the proposed policy leads to saved cost compared to the current policy of Iran Khodro Khorasan.
Modelling Trends in Ordered Correspondence Analysis Using Orthogonal Polynomials.
Lombardo, Rosaria; Beh, Eric J; Kroonenberg, Pieter M
2016-06-01
The core of the paper consists of the treatment of two special decompositions for correspondence analysis of two-way ordered contingency tables: the bivariate moment decomposition and the hybrid decomposition, both using orthogonal polynomials rather than the commonly used singular vectors. To this end, we will detail and explain the basic characteristics of a particular set of orthogonal polynomials, called Emerson polynomials. It is shown that such polynomials, when used as bases for the row and/or column spaces, can enhance the interpretations via linear, quadratic and higher-order moments of the ordered categories. To aid such interpretations, we propose a new type of graphical display-the polynomial biplot.
Leading edge analysis of transcriptomic changes during pseudorabies virus infection.
Fleming, Damarius S; Miller, Laura C
2016-12-01
Eight RNA samples taken from the tracheobronchial lymph nodes (TBLN) of pigs that were either infected or non-infected with a feral isolate of porcine pseudorabies virus (PRV) were used to investigate changes in gene expression related to the pathogen. The RNA was processed into fastq files for each library prior to being analyzed using Illumina Digital Gene Expression Tag Profiling sequences (DGETP) which were used as the downstream measure of differential expression. Analyzed tags consisted of 21 base pair sequences taken from time points 1, 3, 6, and 14 days' post infection (dpi) that generated 1,927,547 unique tag sequences. Tag sequences were analyzed for differential transcript expression and gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) to uncover transcriptomic changes related to PRV pathology progression. In conjunction with the DGETP and GSEA, the study also incorporated use of leading edge analysis to help link the TBLN transcriptome data to clinical progression of PRV at each of the sampled time points. The purpose of this manuscript is to provide useful background on applying the leading edge analysis to GSEA and expression data to help identify genes considered to be of high biological interest. The data in the form of fastq files has been uploaded to the NCBI Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) (GSE74473) database.
Population attributable fraction analysis of leading chronic diseases in India
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
A. Choudhury
2016-08-01
Full Text Available Chronic diseases and their associated risk factors are increasing in India. We aim to quantify the Population Attributable Fractions (PAF of leading chronic diseases in India associated with significant modifiable risk factors. In calculating adjusted population attributable fraction, non modifiable risk factors are taken as confounders. Our findings highlight that an agenda to improve public health in India must include effective interventions to control tobacco use for cancer and heart disease prevention. There is also an urgent need to educate the general public to maintain proper BMI level thereby reducing diabetes burden in India. The analysis is based on a country wide large scale survey.
Filin, A A; Epelbaum, E; Hanhart, C; Krebs, H; Kudryavtsev, A E; Myhrer, F
2012-01-01
A complete calculation of the pion-nucleon loops that contribute to the transition operator for $NN\\to NN\\pi$ up-to-and-including next-to-next-to-leading order (N$^2$LO) in chiral effective field theory near threshold is presented. The evaluation is based on the so-called momentum counting scheme, which takes into account the relatively large momentum of the initial nucleons inherent in pion-production reactions. We show that the significant cancellations between the loops found at next-to-leading order (NLO) in the earlier studies are also operative at N$^2$LO. In particular, the $1/m_N$ corrections (with $m_N$ being the nucleon mass) to loop diagrams cancel at N$^2$LO, as do the contributions of the pion loops involving the low-energy constants $c_i$, i=1...4. In contrast to the NLO calculation however, the cancellation of loops at N$^2$LO is incomplete, yielding a non-vanishing contribution to the transition amplitude. Together with the one-pion exchange tree-level operators, the loop contributions provide...
QCD next-to-leading order predictions matched to parton showers for vector-like quark models
Fuks, Benjamin
2016-01-01
Vector-like quarks are featured by a wealth of beyond the Standard Model theories and are consequently an important goal of many LHC searches for new physics. Those searches, as well as most related phenomenological studies, however rely on predictions evaluated at the leading-order accuracy in QCD and consider well-defined simplified benchmark scenarios. Adopting an effective bottom-up approach, we compute next-to-leading-order predictions for vector-like-quark pair-production and single production in association with jets, with a weak or with a Higgs boson in a general new physics setup. We additionally compute vector-like-quark contributions to the production of a pair of Standard Model bosons at the same level of accuracy. For all processes under consideration, we focus both on total cross sections and on differential distributions, most these calculations being performed for the first time in our field. As a result, our work paves the way to precise extraction of experimental limits on vector-like quarks...
QCD next-to-leading order predictions matched to parton showers for vector-like quark models
Fuks, Benjamin
2017-02-27
Vector-like quarks are featured by a wealth of beyond the Standard Model theories and are consequently an important goal of many LHC searches for new physics. Those searches, as well as most related phenomenological studies, however rely on predictions evaluated at the leading-order accuracy in QCD and consider well-defined simplified benchmark scenarios. Adopting an effective bottom-up approach, we compute next-to-leading-order predictions for vector-like-quark pair-production and single production in association with jets, with a weak or with a Higgs boson in a general new physics setup. We additionally compute vector-like-quark contributions to the production of a pair of Standard Model bosons at the same level of accuracy. For all processes under consideration, we focus both on total cross sections and on differential distributions, most these calculations being performed for the first time in our field. As a result, our work paves the way to precise extraction of experimental limits on vector-like quarks...
Czakon, Michal; Fiedler, Paul; Mitov, Alexander
2015-07-31
We determine the dominant missing standard model (SM) contribution to the top quark pair forward-backward asymmetry at the Tevatron. Contrary to past expectations, we find a large, around 27%, shift relative to the well-known value of the inclusive asymmetry in next-to-leading order QCD. Combining all known standard model corrections, we find that A(FB)(SM)=0.095±0.007. This value is in agreement with the latest DØ measurement [V. M. Abazov et al. (D0 Collaboration), Phys. Rev. D 90, 072011 (2014)] A(FB)(D∅)=0.106±0.03 and about 1.5σ below that of CDF [T. Aaltonen et al. (CDF Collaboration), Phys. Rev. D 87, 092002 (2013)] A(FB)(CDF)=0.164±0.047. Our result is derived from a fully differential calculation of the next-to-next-to leading order (NNLO) QCD corrections to inclusive top pair production at hadron colliders and includes-without any approximation-all partonic channels contributing to this process. This is the first complete fully differential calculation in NNLO QCD of a two-to-two scattering process with all colored partons.
QCD next-to-leading-order predictions matched to parton showers for vector-like quark models.
Fuks, Benjamin; Shao, Hua-Sheng
2017-01-01
Vector-like quarks are featured by a wealth of beyond the Standard Model theories and are consequently an important goal of many LHC searches for new physics. Those searches, as well as most related phenomenological studies, however, rely on predictions evaluated at the leading-order accuracy in QCD and consider well-defined simplified benchmark scenarios. Adopting an effective bottom-up approach, we compute next-to-leading-order predictions for vector-like-quark pair production and single production in association with jets, with a weak or with a Higgs boson in a general new physics setup. We additionally compute vector-like-quark contributions to the production of a pair of Standard Model bosons at the same level of accuracy. For all processes under consideration, we focus both on total cross sections and on differential distributions, most these calculations being performed for the first time in our field. As a result, our work paves the way to precise extraction of experimental limits on vector-like quarks thanks to an accurate control of the shapes of the relevant observables and emphasise the extra handles that could be provided by novel vector-like-quark probes never envisaged so far.
$ZZW$ production at the LHC within large extra dimensions model in next-to-leading order QCD
Chong, Chen; Wen-Gan, Ma; Ren-You, Zhang; Xiao-Zhou, Li; Yu, Zhang
2014-01-01
We investigate the large extra dimensions (LED) effects induced by the Kaluza-Klein gravitons up to the QCD next-to-leading order (NLO) on the $ZZW$ production at the large hardron collider (LHC). The integrated cross sections and some kinematic distributions are presented in both the standard model (SM) and the LED model. Our results show that the leading order (LO) relative deviations between the predictions in the LED model and the SM are significant, especially in the large $M_{ZZ}$ region, large $p_T$ and the central rapidity regions of the final products separately, while the NLO QCD corrections remarkably reduce the relative LED deviations. We find that if we take $M_S=4.8~{\\rm TeV}$, $d=3$, and adopt the event selection scheme with $M_{ZZ}>500~{\\rm GeV}$, $p_T^{Z}>100~{\\rm GeV}$ and $p_T^{W}>20~{\\rm GeV}$, the LO (NLO) relative deviations at the $14~{\\rm TeV}$ LHC increase to $19.8 \\%$ ($8.05\\%$) and $12.30\\%$ ($5.63\\%$) for the $ZZW^+$ and $ZZW^-$ productions, respectively. We also see that with the ...
The Gross-Neveu model at finite temperature at next to leading order in the 1/N expansion
Blaizot, J P; Wschebor, N
2003-01-01
We present new results on the Gross-Neveu model at finite temperature and at next-to-leading order in the 1/N expansion. In particular, a new expression is obtained for the effective potential which is explicitly invariant under renormalization group transformations. The model is used as a playground to investigate various features of field theory at finite temperature. For example we verify that, as expected from general arguments, the cancellation of ultraviolet divergences takes place at finite temperature without the need for introducing counterterms beyond those of zero-temperature. As well known, the discrete chiral symmetry of the 1+1 dimensional model is spontaneously broken at zero temperature and restored, in leading order, at some temperature T_c; we find that the 1/N approximation breaks down for temperatures below T_c: As the temperature increases, the fluctuations become eventually too large to be treated as corrections, and a Landau pole invalidates the calculation of the effective potential in...
Stability Analysis for Stochastic Delayed High-order Neural Networks
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2006-01-01
In this paper, the global asymptotic stability analysis problem is considered for a class of stochastic high-order neural networks with time-delays. Based on a Lyapunov-Krasovskii functional and the stochastic stability analysis theory, several sufficient conditions are derived in order to guarantee the global asymptotic convergence of the equilibrium point in the mean square. Investigation shows that the addressed stochastic highorder delayed neural networks are globally asymptotically stable in the mean square if there are solutions to some linear matrix inequalities (LMIs). Hence, the global asymptotic stability of the studied stochastic high-order delayed neural networks can be easily checked by the Matlab LMI toolbox. A numerical example is given to demonstrate the usefulness of the proposed global stability criteria.
Dimensionality Assessment of Ordered Polytomous Items with Parallel Analysis
Timmerman, Marieke E.; Lorenzo-Seva, Urbano
2011-01-01
Parallel analysis (PA) is an often-recommended approach for assessment of the dimensionality of a variable set. PA is known in different variants, which may yield different dimensionality indications. In this article, the authors considered the most appropriate PA procedure to assess the number of common factors underlying ordered polytomously…
Average-case analysis of incremental topological ordering
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Ajwani, Deepak; Friedrich, Tobias
2010-01-01
Many applications like pointer analysis and incremental compilation require maintaining a topological ordering of the nodes of a directed acyclic graph (DAG) under dynamic updates. All known algorithms for this problem are either only analyzed for worst-case insertion sequences or only evaluated ...
Marsat, Sylvain; Faye, Guillaume; Blanchet, Luc
2012-01-01
We compute next-to-next-to-leading order spin contributions to the post-Newtonian equations of motion for binaries of compact objects, such as black holes or neutron stars. For maximally spinning black holes, those contributions are of third-and-a-half post-Newtonian (3.5PN) order, improving our knowledge of the equations of motion, already known for non-spinning objects up to this order. Building on previous work, we represent the rotation of the two bodies using a pole-dipole matter stress-energy tensor, and iterate Einstein's field equations for a set of potentials parametrizing the metric in harmonic coordinates. Checks of the result include the existence of a conserved energy, the approximate global Lorentz invariance of the equations of motion in harmonic coordinates, and the recovery of the motion of a spinning object on a Kerr background in the test-mass limit. We verified the existence of a contact transformation, together with a redefinition of the spin variables that makes our result equivalent to ...
Projection-Based Reduced Order Modeling for Spacecraft Thermal Analysis
Qian, Jing; Wang, Yi; Song, Hongjun; Pant, Kapil; Peabody, Hume; Ku, Jentung; Butler, Charles D.
2015-01-01
This paper presents a mathematically rigorous, subspace projection-based reduced order modeling (ROM) methodology and an integrated framework to automatically generate reduced order models for spacecraft thermal analysis. Two key steps in the reduced order modeling procedure are described: (1) the acquisition of a full-scale spacecraft model in the ordinary differential equation (ODE) and differential algebraic equation (DAE) form to resolve its dynamic thermal behavior; and (2) the ROM to markedly reduce the dimension of the full-scale model. Specifically, proper orthogonal decomposition (POD) in conjunction with discrete empirical interpolation method (DEIM) and trajectory piece-wise linear (TPWL) methods are developed to address the strong nonlinear thermal effects due to coupled conductive and radiative heat transfer in the spacecraft environment. Case studies using NASA-relevant satellite models are undertaken to verify the capability and to assess the computational performance of the ROM technique in terms of speed-up and error relative to the full-scale model. ROM exhibits excellent agreement in spatiotemporal thermal profiles (<0.5% relative error in pertinent time scales) along with salient computational acceleration (up to two orders of magnitude speed-up) over the full-scale analysis. These findings establish the feasibility of ROM to perform rational and computationally affordable thermal analysis, develop reliable thermal control strategies for spacecraft, and greatly reduce the development cycle times and costs.
Revisiting the vector form factor at next-to-leading order in 1/N{sub C}
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Rosell, Ignasi, E-mail: rosell@uch.ceu.e [Departamento de Ciencias Fisicas, Matematicas y de la Computacion, Universidad CEU Cardenal Herrera, c/ Sant Bartomeu 55, E-46115 Alfara del Patriarca, Valencia (Spain); IFIC, Universitat de Valencia - CSIC, Apt. Correus 22085, E-46071 Valencia (Spain)
2010-10-15
Using the Resonance Chiral Theory lagrangian, we perform a calculation of the vector form factor of the pion at the next-to-leading order (NLO) in the 1/N{sub C} expansion. Imposing the correct QCD short-distance constraints, one determines it in terms of F, G{sub V}, F{sub A} and resonance masses. Its low momentum expansion fixes then the low-energy chiral couplings L{sub 9} and C{sub 88} -C{sub 90} at NLO, keeping full control of their renormalization scale dependence. At {mu}{sub 0} = 0.77 GeV, we obtain L{sup r}{sub 9}({mu}{sub 0}) = (7.6 {+-} 0.6) . 10{sup -3} and C{sup r}{sub 88}({mu}{sub 0}) -C{sup r}{sub 90}({mu}{sub 0}) = (-4.5 {+-} 0.5) . 10{sup -5}.
Borowka, S; Greiner, N; Heinrich, G; Jones, S P; Kerner, M; Schlenk, J; Schubert, U; Zirke, T
2016-07-01
We present the calculation of the cross section and invariant mass distribution for Higgs boson pair production in gluon fusion at next-to-leading order (NLO) in QCD. Top-quark masses are fully taken into account throughout the calculation. The virtual two-loop amplitude has been generated using an extension of the program GoSam supplemented with an interface to Reduze for the integral reduction. The occurring integrals have been calculated numerically using the program SecDec. Our results, including the full top-quark mass dependence for the first time, allow us to assess the validity of various approximations proposed in the literature, which we also recalculate. We find substantial deviations between the NLO result and the different approximations, which emphasizes the importance of including the full top-quark mass dependence at NLO.
Scalar field correlator in de Sitter space at next-to-leading order in a 1/N-expansion
Gautier, Florian
2015-01-01
We study the dynamics of light quantum scalar fields in de Sitter space on superhorizon scales. We compute the self-energy of an O(N) symmetric theory at next-to-leading order in a 1/N-expansion in the regime of superhorizon momenta and we obtain an exact analytical solution of the corresponding Dyson-Schwinger equations for the two-point correlator. This amounts to resumming the infinite series of nonlocal self-energy insertions, which typically generate spurious infrared and/or secular divergences. The potentially large de Sitter logarithms resum into well-behaved power laws from which we extract the field strength and mass renormalization. The nonperturbative 1/N-expansion allows us to discuss the case of vanishing and negative tree-level square mass, which both correspond to strongly coupled effective theories in the infrared.
Dark matter pair associated with a $W$ boson production at the LHC in next-to-leading order QCD
Mao, Song; Wen-Gan, Ma; Ren-You, Zhang; Jian-You, Guo
2014-01-01
We investigate the QCD next-to-leading order (NLO) corrections to the production of a pair of fermionic dark matter particles associated with a W boson production through a mediator which couples to standard model particles via either a vector or axial-vector coupling at the LHC. We find that the QCD NLO corrections reduce the dependence of the total cross sections on the factorization and renormalization scales, and the $K$-factors increase with the increment of the dark matter mass. We also provide the LO and QCD NLO corrected distributions of the transverse momenta $p_T^\\mu$ of final muon and transverse mass $M_T$. We find that the LO cross section is significantly changed by the QCD NLO corrections.
Next-to-leading order predictions for Z gamma+jet and Z gamma gamma final states at the LHC
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Campbell, John M.; Hartanto, Heribertus B.; Williams, Ciaran
2012-11-01
We present next-to-leading order predictions for final states containing leptons produced through the decay of a Z boson in association with either a photon and a jet, or a pair of photons. The effect of photon radiation from the final state leptons is included and we also allow for contributions arising from fragmentation processes. Phenomenological studies are presented for the LHC in the case of final states containing charged leptons and in the case of neutrinos. We also use the procedure introduced by Stewart and Tackmann to provide a reliable estimate of the scale uncertainty inherent in our theoretical calculations of jet-binned Z gamma cross sections. These computations have been implemented in the public code MCFM.
Leading order determination of the gluon polarisation from DIS events with high-$p_T$ hadron pairs
Adolph, C; Alexakhin, V Yu; Alexandrov, Yu; Alexeev, G D; Amoroso, A; Antonov, A A; Austregesilo, A; Badelek, B; Balestra, F; Barth, J; Baum, G; Bedfer, Y; Bernhard, J; Bertini, R; Bettinelli, M; Bicker, K; Bieling, J; Birsa, R; Bisplinghoff, J; Bordalo, P; Bradamante, F; Braun, C; Bravar, A; Bressan, A; Burtin, E; Chaberny, D; Chiosso, M; Chung, S U; Cicuttin, A; Crespo, M L; Dalla Torre, S; Das, S; Dasgupta, S S; Denisov, O.Yu; Dhara, L; Donskov, S V; Doshita, N; Duic, V; Dunnweber, W; Dziewiecki, M; Efremov, A; Elia, C; Eversheim, P D; Eyrich, W; Faessler, M; Ferrero, A; Filin, A; Finger, M; jr., M.Finger; Fischer, H; Franco, C; von Hohenesche, N.du Fresne; Friedrich, J M; Garfagnini, R; Gautheron, F; Gavrichtchouk, O P; Gazda, R; Gerassimov, S; Geyer, R; Giorgi, M; Gnesi, I; Gobbo, B; Goertz, S; Grabmuller, S; Grasso, A; Grube, B; Gushterski, R; Guskov, A; Guthorl, T; Haas, F; von Harrach, D; Hedicke, S; Heinsius, F H; Herrmann, F; Hess, C; Hinterberger, F; Horikawa, N; Hoppner, Ch; d'Hose, N; Huber, S; Ishimoto, S; Ivanov, O; Ivanshin, Yu; Iwata, T; Jahn, R; Jasinski, P; Joosten, R; Kabuss, E; Kang, D; Ketzer, B; Khaustov, G V; Khokhlov, Yu.A; Kisselev, Yu; Klein, F; Klimaszewski, K; Koblitz, S; Koivuniemi, J H; Kolosov, V N; Kondo, K; Konigsmann, K; Konorov, I; Konstantinov, V F; Korzenev, A; Kotzinian, A M; Kouznetsov, O; Kramer, M; Kroumchtein, Z V; Kunne, F.; Kurek, K; Lauser, L; Le Goff, J M; Lednev, A A; Lehmann, A; Levorato, S; Lichtenstadt, J; Maggiora, A; Magnon, A; Makke, N; Mallot, G K; Mann, A; Marchand, C; Martin, A; Marzec, J; Matsuda, T; Meyer, W; Michigami, T; Mikhailov, Yu.V; Moinester, M A; Morreale, A; Mutter, A; Nagaytsev, A; Nagel, T; Nassalski, J P; Nerling, F; Neubert, S; Neyret, D; Nikolaenko, V I; Nowak, W D; Nunes, A S; Olshevsky, A G; Ostrick, M; Padee, A; Panknin, R; Panzieri, D; Parsamyan, B; Paul, S.; Perevalova, E; Pesaro, G; Peshekhonov, D V; Piragino, G; Platchkov, S; Pochodzalla, J; Polak, J; Polyakov, V A; Pontecorvo, G; Pretz, J; Procureur, S L; Quaresma, M; Quintans, C; Rajotte, J F; Ramos, S; Rapatsky, V; Reicherz, G; Richter, A; Rocco, E; Rondio, E; Rossiyskaya, N S; Ryabchikov, D I; Samoylenko, V D; Sandacz, A; Sapozhnikov, M G; Sarkar, S.; Savin, I A; Sbrizzai, G; Schiavon, P; Schill, C.; Schluter, T; Schmidt, K; Schmitt, L; Schonning, K; Schopferer, S; Schott, M; Shevchenko, O.Yu; Silva, L; Sinha, L; Sissakian, A N; Slunecka, M; Smirnov, G I; Sosio, S; Sozzi, F; Srnka, A; Stolarski, M; Sulc, M; Sulej, R; Sznajder, P; Takekawa, S; Wolbeek, J.Ter; Tessaro, S; Tessarotto, F; Tkatchev, L G; Uhl, S; Uman, I; Vandenbroucke, M; Virius, M; Vlassov, N V; Wang, L; Windmolders, R; Wislicki, W; Wollny, H; Zaremba, K; Zavertyaev, M; Zemlyanichkina, E; Ziembicki, M; Zhuravlev, N; Zvyagin, A
2013-01-01
We present a determination of the gluon polarisation Delta g/g in the nucleon, based on the longitudinal double-spin asymmetry of DIS events with a pair of large transverse-momentum hadrons in the final state. The data were obtained by the COMPASS experiment at CERN using a 160 GeV/c polarised muon beam scattering off a polarised ^6LiD target. The gluon polarisation is evaluated by a Neural Network approach for three intervals of the gluon momentum fraction x_g covering the range 0.04 < x_g < 0.27. The values obtained at leading order in QCD do not show any significant dependence on x_g. Their average is Delta g/g = 0.125 +/- 0.060 (stat.) +/- 0.063 (syst.) at x_g=0.09 and a scale of mu^2 = 3~(GeV/c)^2.
A piece of cake: the ground-state energies in γ i -deformed = 4 SYM theory at leading wrapping order
Fokken, Jan; Sieg, Christoph; Wilhelm, Matthias
2014-09-01
In the non-supersymmetric γi-deformed = 4 SYM theory, the scaling dimensions of the operators tr[ Z L ] composed of L scalar fields Z receive finite-size wrapping and prewrapping corrections in the 't Hooft limit. In this paper, we calculate these scaling dimensions to leading wrapping order directly from Feynman diagrams. For L ≥ 3, the result is proportional to the maximally transcendental `cake' integral. It matches with an earlier result obtained from the integrability-based Lüscher corrections, TBA and Y-system equations. At L = 2, where the integrability-based equations yield infinity, we find a finite rational result. This result is renormalization-scheme dependent due to the non-vanishing β-function of an induced quartic scalar double-trace coupling, on which we have reported earlier. This explicitly shows that conformal invariance is broken — even in the 't Hooft limit. [Figure not available: see fulltext.
W+W-+3 -jet production at the Large Hadron Collider in next-to-leading-order QCD
Febres Cordero, F.; Hofmann, P.; Ita, H.
2017-02-01
We present next-to-leading-order (NLO) QCD predictions to W+W- production in association with up to three jets at hadron colliders. We include contributions from couplings of the W bosons to light quarks as well as trilinear vector couplings. These processes are used in vector-boson coupling measurements, are background to Higgs signals and are needed to constrain many new physics scenarios. For the first time NLO QCD predictions are shown for electroweak di-vector boson production with three jets at a hadron collider. We show total and differential cross sections for the LHC with proton center-of-mass energies of 8 and 13 TeV. To perform the calculation we employ on-shell and unitarity methods implemented in the blackhat library along with the sherpa package. We have produced event files that can be accessed for future dedicated studies.
J/{psi} plus prompt-photon associated production in two-photon collisions at next-to-leading order
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Klasen, M. [Hamburg Univ. (Germany). 2. Inst. fuer Theoretische Physik]|[Grenoble Univ., 38 (France). Lab. de Physique Subatomique et de Cosmologie; Kniehl, B.A.; Mihaila, L.N.; Steinhauser, M. [Hamburg Univ. (Germany). 2. Inst. fuer Theoretische Physik
2004-08-01
We calculate the cross section of J/{psi} plus prompt-photon inclusive production in {gamma}{gamma} collisions at next-to-leading order within the factorization formalism of nonrelativistic quantum chromodynamics (NRQCD) focusing on direct photoproduction. Apart from direct J/{psi} production, we also include the feed-down from directly-produced {chi}{sub cJ} and {psi}' mesons. We discuss the analytical calculation, in particular the treatment of the various types of singularities and the NRQCD operator renormalization, in some detail. We present theoretical predictions for the future e{sup +}e{sup -} linear collider TESLA, taking into account both Brems- and beamstrahlung. (orig.)
Guzey, V
2016-01-01
We calculate the cross section of diffractive dijet photoproduction in $ep$ scattering at next-to-leading order (NLO) of perturbative QCD (pQCD), which we supplement by a model of factorization breaking for the resolved-photon contribution. In this model, the suppression depends on the flavor and momentum fraction of the partons in the photon. We show that within experimental and theoretical uncertainties, the resulting approach provides a good description of the available HERA data in most of the bins. Hence, taken together with the observation that NLO pQCD explains well the data on diffractive photoproduction of open charm in $ep$ scattering, our model of factorization breaking presents a viable alternative to the scheme based on the global suppression factor.
J/{psi} plus jet associated production in two-photon collisions at next-to-leading order
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Klasen, M. [Universite Grenoble I, Laboratoire de Physique Subatomique et de Cosmologie, 53 Avenue des Martyrs, 38026 Grenoble (France); Kniehl, B.A. [II. Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Universitaet Hamburg, Luruper Chaussee 149, 22761 Hamburg (Germany)]. E-mail: bernd.kniehl@desy.de; Mihaila, L.N. [II. Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Universitaet Hamburg, Luruper Chaussee 149, 22761 Hamburg (Germany); Steinhauser, M. [II. Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Universitaet Hamburg, Luruper Chaussee 149, 22761 Hamburg (Germany)
2005-05-02
We calculate the cross section of J/{psi} plus jet inclusive production in {gamma}{gamma} collisions at next-to-leading order within the factorization formalism of non-relativistic quantum chromodynamics (NRQCD) focusing on direct photoproduction. Apart from direct J/{psi} production, we also include the feed-down from directly-produced {chi}{sub cJ} and {psi}{sup '} mesons. We discuss the analytical calculation, in particular, the treatment of the various types of singularities and the NRQCD operator renormalization, in some detail. We present theoretical predictions for the future e{sup +}e{sup -} linear collider TESLA, taking into account both brems- and beamstrahlung.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Guzey, V. [Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute (PNPI), National Research Center ' ' Kurchatov Institute' ' , Gatchina (Russian Federation); Klasen, M. [Westfaelische Wilhelms-Universitaet Muenster, Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Muenster (Germany)
2016-08-15
We calculate the cross section of diffractive dijet photoproduction in ep scattering at next-to-leading order (NLO) of perturbative QCD (pQCD), which we supplement by a model of factorization breaking for the resolved-photon contribution. In this model, the suppression depends on the flavor and momentum fraction of the partons in the photon. We show that within experimental and theoretical uncertainties, the resulting approach provides a good description of the available HERA data in most of the bins. Hence, taken together with the observation that NLO pQCD explains well the data on diffractive photoproduction of open charm in ep scattering, our model of factorization breaking presents a viable alternative to the scheme based on the global suppression factor. (orig.)
J/{psi} plus jet associated production in two-photon collisions at next-to-leading order
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Klasen, M. [Grenoble 1 Univ. (France). Lab. de Physique Subatomique et de Cosmologie; Kniehl, B.A.; Mihaila, L.N.; Steinhauser, M. [Hamburg Univ. (Germany). 2. Inst. fuer Theoretische Physik
2004-06-01
We calculate the cross section of J/{psi} plus jet inclusive production in {gamma}{gamma} collisions at next-to-leading order within the factorization formalism of nonrelativistic quantum chromodynamics (NRQCD) focusing on direct photoproduction. Apart from direct J/{psi} production, we also include the feed-down from directly-produced X{sub cJ} and {psi}{sup '} mesons. We discuss the analytical calculation, in particular the treatment of the various types of singularities and the NRQCD operator renormalization, in some detail. We present theoretical predictions for the future e{sup +}e{sup -} linear collider TESLA, taking into account both brems- and beamstrahlung. (orig.)
Guzey, V.; Klasen, M.
2016-08-01
We calculate the cross section of diffractive dijet photoproduction in ep scattering at next-to-leading order (NLO) of perturbative QCD (pQCD), which we supplement by a model of factorization breaking for the resolved-photon contribution. In this model, the suppression depends on the flavor and momentum fraction of the partons in the photon. We show that within experimental and theoretical uncertainties, the resulting approach provides a good description of the available HERA data in most of the bins. Hence, taken together with the observation that NLO pQCD explains well the data on diffractive photoproduction of open charm in ep scattering, our model of factorization breaking presents a viable alternative to the scheme based on the global suppression factor.
Echevarria, Miguel G; Vladimirov, Alexey
2016-01-01
The transverse momentum dependent parton distribution/fragmentation functions (TMDs) are essential in the factorization of a number of processes like Drell-Yan scattering, vector boson production, semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering, etc. We provide a comprehensive study of unpolarized TMDs at next-to-next-to-leading order, which includes an explicit calculation of these TMDs and an extraction of their matching coefficients onto their integrated analogues, for all flavor combinations. The obtained matching coefficients are important for any kind of phenomenology involving TMDs. In the present study each individual TMD is calculated without any reference to a specific process. We recover the known results for parton distribution functions and provide new results for the fragmentation functions. The results for the gluon transverse momentum dependent fragmentation functions are presented for the first time at one and two loops. We also discuss the structure of singularities of TMD operators and TMD matrix ...
Next-to-leading order predictions for Z gamma+jet and Z gamma gamma final states at the LHC
Campbell, John M; Williams, Ciaran
2012-01-01
We present next-to-leading order predictions for final states containing leptons produced through the decay of a Z boson in association with either a photon and a jet, or a pair of photons. The effect of photon radiation from the final state leptons is included and we also allow for contributions arising from fragmentation processes. Phenomenological studies are presented for the LHC in the case of final states containing charged leptons and in the case of neutrinos. We also use the procedure introduced by Stewart and Tackmann to provide a reliable estimate of the scale uncertainty inherent in our theoretical calculations of jet-binned Z gamma cross sections. These computations have been implemented in the public code MCFM.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Lucas Jean-Paul
2011-08-01
Full Text Available Abstract Background The amount of lead in the environment has decreased significantly in recent years, and so did exposure. However, there is no known safe exposure level and, therefore, the exposure of children to lead, although low, remains a major public health issue. With the lower levels of exposure, it is becoming more difficult to identify lead sources and new approaches may be required for preventive action. This study assessed the usefulness of lead isotope ratios for identifying sources of lead using data from a nationwide sample of French children aged from six months to six years with blood lead levels ≥25 μg/L. Methods Blood samples were taken from 125 children, representing about 600,000 French children; environmental samples were taken from their homes and personal information was collected. Lead isotope ratios were determined using quadrupole ICP-MS (inductively coupled plasma - mass spectrometry and the isotopic signatures of potential sources of exposure were matched with those of blood in order to identify the most likely sources. Results In addition to the interpretation of lead concentrations, lead isotope ratios were potentially of use for 57% of children aged from six months to six years with blood lead level ≥ 25 μg/L (7% of overall children in France, about 332,000 children, with at least one potential source of lead and sufficiently well discriminated lead isotope ratios. Lead isotope ratios revealed a single suspected source of exposure for 32% of the subjects and were able to eliminate at least one unlikely source of exposure for 30% of the children. Conclusions In France, lead isotope ratios could provide valuable additional information in about a third of routine environmental investigations.
Model order reduction techniques with applications in finite element analysis
Qu, Zu-Qing
2004-01-01
Despite the continued rapid advance in computing speed and memory the increase in the complexity of models used by engineers persists in outpacing them. Even where there is access to the latest hardware, simulations are often extremely computationally intensive and time-consuming when full-blown models are under consideration. The need to reduce the computational cost involved when dealing with high-order/many-degree-of-freedom models can be offset by adroit computation. In this light, model-reduction methods have become a major goal of simulation and modeling research. Model reduction can also ameliorate problems in the correlation of widely used finite-element analyses and test analysis models produced by excessive system complexity. Model Order Reduction Techniques explains and compares such methods focusing mainly on recent work in dynamic condensation techniques: - Compares the effectiveness of static, exact, dynamic, SEREP and iterative-dynamic condensation techniques in producing valid reduced-order mo...
Dynamic Stability Analysis Using High-Order Interpolation
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Juarez-Toledo C.
2012-10-01
Full Text Available A non-linear model with robust precision for transient stability analysis in multimachine power systems is proposed. The proposed formulation uses the interpolation of Lagrange and Newton's Divided Difference. The High-Order Interpolation technique developed can be used for evaluation of the critical conditions of the dynamic system.The technique is applied to a 5-area 45-machine model of the Mexican interconnected system. As a particular case, this paper shows the application of the High-Order procedure for identifying the slow-frequency mode for a critical contingency. Numerical examples illustrate the method and demonstrate the ability of the High-Order technique to isolate and extract temporal modal behavior.
Analysis of lead-acid battery accelerated testing data
Clifford, J. E.; Thomas, R. E.
1983-06-01
Battelle conducted an independent review and analysis of the accelerated test procedures and test data obtained by Exide in the 3 year Phase 1 program to develop advanced lead acid batteries for utility load leveling. Of special importance is the extensive data obtained in deep discharge cycling tests on 60 cells at elevated temperatures over a 2-1/2 year period. The principal uncertainty in estimating cell life relates to projecting cycle life data at elevated temperature to the lower operating temperatures. The accelerated positive grid corrosion test involving continuous overcharge at 500C provided some indication of the degree of grid corrosion that might be tolerable before failure. The accelerated positive material shedding test was not examined in any detail. Recommendations are made for additional studies.
Haidenbauer, J.; Meißner, Ulf-G.; Petschauer, S.
2016-10-01
The strangeness S = - 2 baryon-baryon interaction is studied in chiral effective field theory up to next-to-leading order. The potential at this order consists of contributions from one- and two-pseudoscalar-meson exchange diagrams and from four-baryon contact terms without and with two derivatives. SU(3) flavor symmetry is imposed for constructing the interaction in the S = - 2 sector. Specifically, the couplings of the pseudoscalar mesons to the baryons are fixed by SU(3) symmetry and, in general, also the contact terms are related via SU(3) symmetry to those determined in a previous study of the S = - 1 hyperon-nucleon interaction. The explicit SU(3) symmetry breaking due to the physical masses of the pseudoscalar mesons (π, K, η) is taken into account. It is argued that the ΞN interaction has to be relatively weak to be in accordance with available experimental constraints. In particular, the published values and upper bounds for the Ξ- p elastic and inelastic cross sections apparently rule out a somewhat stronger attractive ΞN force and, specifically, disfavor any near-threshold deuteron-like bound states in that system.
Multiscale recurrence quantification analysis of order recurrence plots
Xu, Mengjia; Shang, Pengjian; Lin, Aijing
2017-03-01
In this paper, we propose a new method of multiscale recurrence quantification analysis (MSRQA) to analyze the structure of order recurrence plots. The MSRQA is based on order patterns over a range of time scales. Compared with conventional recurrence quantification analysis (RQA), the MSRQA can show richer and more recognizable information on the local characteristics of diverse systems which successfully describes their recurrence properties. Both synthetic series and stock market indexes exhibit their properties of recurrence at large time scales that quite differ from those at a single time scale. Some systems present more accurate recurrence patterns under large time scales. It demonstrates that the new approach is effective for distinguishing three similar stock market systems and showing some inherent differences.
Stability analysis of a class of fractional order nonlinear systems with order lying in (0, 2).
Zhang, Ruoxun; Tian, Gang; Yang, Shiping; Cao, Hefei
2015-05-01
This paper investigates the stability of n-dimensional fractional order nonlinear systems with commensurate order 0 nonlinear systems with order lying in (0, 2). According to this theory, stabilizing a class of fractional order nonlinear systems only need a linear state feedback controller. Simulation results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed theory.
TWave: high-order analysis of functional MRI.
Barnathan, Michael; Megalooikonomou, Vasileios; Faloutsos, Christos; Faro, Scott; Mohamed, Feroze B
2011-09-15
The traditional approach to functional image analysis models images as matrices of raw voxel intensity values. Although such a representation is widely utilized and heavily entrenched both within neuroimaging and in the wider data mining community, the strong interactions among space, time, and categorical modes such as subject and experimental task inherent in functional imaging yield a dataset with "high-order" structure, which matrix models are incapable of exploiting. Reasoning across all of these modes of data concurrently requires a high-order model capable of representing relationships between all modes of the data in tandem. We thus propose to model functional MRI data using tensors, which are high-order generalizations of matrices equivalent to multidimensional arrays or data cubes. However, several unique challenges exist in the high-order analysis of functional medical data: naïve tensor models are incapable of exploiting spatiotemporal locality patterns, standard tensor analysis techniques exhibit poor efficiency, and mixtures of numeric and categorical modes of data are very often present in neuroimaging experiments. Formulating the problem of image clustering as a form of Latent Semantic Analysis and using the WaveCluster algorithm as a baseline, we propose a comprehensive hybrid tensor and wavelet framework for clustering, concept discovery, and compression of functional medical images which successfully addresses these challenges. Our approach reduced runtime and dataset size on a 9.3GB finger opposition motor task fMRI dataset by up to 98% while exhibiting improved spatiotemporal coherence relative to standard tensor, wavelet, and voxel-based approaches. Our clustering technique was capable of automatically differentiating between the frontal areas of the brain responsible for task-related habituation and the motor regions responsible for executing the motor task, in contrast to a widely used fMRI analysis program, SPM, which only detected the
Mean-value second-order uncertainty analysis method: application to water quality modelling
Mailhot, Alain; Villeneuve, Jean-Pierre
Uncertainty analysis in hydrology and water quality modelling is an important issue. Various methods have been proposed to estimate uncertainties on model results based on given uncertainties on model parameters. Among these methods, the mean-value first-order second-moment (MFOSM) method and the advanced mean-value first-order second-moment (AFOSM) method are the most common ones. This paper presents a method based on a second-order approximation of a model output function. The application of this method requires the estimation of first- and second-order derivatives at a mean-value point in the parameter space. Application to a Streeter-Phelps prototype model is presented. Uncertainties on two and six parameters are considered. Exceedance probabilities (EP) of dissolved oxygen concentrations are obtained and compared with EP computed using Monte Carlo, AFOSM and MFOSM methods. These results show that the mean-value second-order method leads to better estimates of EP.
Analysis of Pecking Order Theory on Chinese Listed Companies
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
初保驹; 林舒嫄
2013-01-01
This study tests the order of firms’ financing choices based on a sample consists of 150 Chinese listed companies. And it indicates that China’s listed companies did not follow the theoretical ‘Pecking Order’ (Myers,1984), but a ‘new order’- internal fund, equity, and debt - to make their financial choices. This is because firm’s gearing ratio and solvency did not show a high degree of correlation in China’s capital market, which leads to the preference of using equity. Besides, there are some other reasons: low cost of issuing equity, ineffective financial management, immaturity of capital market, not well developed bond market, and lack of an effective credit rating system.
Dynamic process analysis by moments of extreme orders
Šimberová, S.; Suk, T.
2016-01-01
Dynamic processes in astronomical observations are captured in various video sequences. The image datacubes are represented by the datasets of random variables. Diagnostics of a fast developing event is based on the specific behavior of the high-order moments (HOM) in time. The moment curves computed in an image video sequence give valuable information about various phases of the phenomenon and significant periods in the frequency analysis. The proposed method uses statistical moments of high and very high orders to describe and investigate the dynamic process in progress. Since these moments are highly correlated, the method of principal component analysis (PCA) has been suggested for following frequency analysis. PCA can be used both for decorrelation of the moments and for determination of the number of used moments. We experimentally illustrate performance of the method on simulated data. A typical development of the dynamic phenomenon is modeled by the moment time curve. Then applications to the real data sequences follow: solar active regions observed in the spectral line H α (wavelength 6563 A˚-Ondřejov and Kanzelhöhe observatories) in two different angular resolutions. The frequency analysis of the first few principal components showed common periods or quasi-periods of all examined events and the periods specific for individual events. The detailed analysis of the moment's methodology can contribute to the observational mode settings. The method can be applied to video sequences obtained by observing systems with various angular resolutions. It is robust to noise and it can work with high range of sampling frequencies.
Improved chiral nucleon-nucleon potential up to next-to-next-to-next-to-leading order
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Epelbaum, E.; Krebs, H. [Ruhr-Universitaet Bochum, Institut fuer Theoretische Physik II, Bochum (Germany); Meissner, U.G. [Universitaet Bonn, Helmholtz-Institut fuer Strahlen- und Kernphysik and Bethe Center for Theoretical Physics, Bonn (Germany); Forschungszentrum Juelich, Institut fuer Kernphysik, Institute for Advanced Simulation, and Juelich Center for Hadron Physics, Juelich (Germany); Forschungszentrum Juelich, JARA - High Performance Computing, Juelich (Germany)
2015-05-15
We present improved nucleon-nucleon potentials derived in chiral effective field theory up to next-to-next-to-next-to-leading order. We argue that the nonlocal momentum-space regulator employed in the two-nucleon potentials of previous works (Nucl. Phys. A 747, 362 (2005) and Phys. Rev. C 68, 041001 (2003)) is not the most efficient choice, in particular since it affects the long-range part of the interaction. We are able to significantly reduce finite-cutoff artefacts by using an appropriate regularization in coordinate space which maintains the analytic structure of the amplitude. The new potentials do not require the additional spectral function regularization employed in (Nucl. Phys. A 747, 362 (2005)) to cut off the short-range components of the two-pion exchange and make use of the low-energy constants c{sub i} and d{sub i} determined from pion-nucleon scattering without any fine tuning. We discuss in detail the construction of the new potentials and convergence of the chiral expansion for two-nucleon observables. We also employ a simple approach for estimating the theoretical uncertainty in few-nucleon calculations from the truncation of the chiral expansion that replaces previous reliance on cutoff variation. (orig.)
Improved chiral nucleon-nucleon potential up to next-to-next-to-next-to-leading order
Epelbaum, E; Meißner, U -G
2014-01-01
We present improved nucleon-nucleon potentials derived in chiral effective field theory up to next-to-next-to-next-to-leading order. We argue that the nonlocal momentum-space regulator employed in the two-nucleon potentials of Refs. [E. Epelbaum, W. Gloeckle, U.-G. Mei{\\ss}ner, Nucl. Phys. A747 (2005) 362], [D.R. Entem, R. Machleidt, Phys. Rev. C68 (2003) 041001] is not the most efficient choice, in particular since it affects the long-range part of the interaction. We are able to significantly reduce finite-cutoff artefacts by using an appropriate regularization in coordinate space which maintains the analytic structure of the amplitude. The new potentials do not require the additional spectral function regularization employed in Ref. [E. Epelbaum, W. Gloeckle, U.-G. Mei{\\ss}ner, Nucl. Phys. A747 (2005) 362] to cut off the short-range components of the two-pion exchange and make use of the low-energy constants c_i and d_i determined from pion-nucleon scattering without any fine tuning. We discuss in detail t...
Next-to-leading-order electroweak corrections to $pp \\to W^+W^-\\to$ 4 leptons at the LHC
Biedermann, Benedikt; Denner, Ansgar; Dittmaier, Stefan; Hofer, Lars; Jager, Barbara; Salfelder, Lukas
2016-01-01
We present results of the first calculation of next-to-leading-order electroweak corrections to W-boson pair production at the LHC that fully takes into account leptonic W-boson decays and off-shell effects. Employing realistic event selections, we discuss the corrections in situations that are typical for the study of W-boson pairs as a signal process or of Higgs-boson decays $H\\to W W^*$, to which W-boson pair production represents an irreducible background. In particular, we compare the full off-shell results, obtained treating the W-boson resonances in the complex-mass scheme, to previous results in the so-called double-pole approximation, which is based on an expansion of the loop amplitudes about the W resonance poles. At small and intermediate scales, i.e. in particular in angular and rapidity distributions, the two approaches show the expected agreement at the level of fractions of a percent, but larger differences appear in the TeV range. For transverse-momentum distributions, the differences can eve...
A new effective-one-body Hamiltonian with next-to-leading order spin-spin coupling
Balmelli, Simone
2015-01-01
We present a new effective-one-body (EOB) Hamiltonian with next-to-leading order (NLO) spin-spin coupling for black hole binaries endowed with arbitrarily oriented spins. The Hamiltonian is based on the model for parallel spins and equatorial orbits developed in [Physical Review D 90, 044018 (2014)], but differs from it in several ways. In particular, the NLO spin-spin coupling is not incorporated by a redefinition of the centrifugal radius $r_c$, but by separately modifying certain sectors of the Hamiltonian, which are identified according to their dependence on the momentum vector. The gauge-fixing procedure we follow allows us to reduce the 25 different terms of the NLO spin-spin Hamiltonian in Arnowitt-Deser-Misner coordinates to only 9 EOB terms. This is an improvement with respect to the EOB model recently proposed in [Physical Review D 91, 064011 (2015)], where 12 EOB terms were involved. Another important advantage is the remarkably simple momentum structure of the spin-spin terms in the effective Ham...
Next-to-leading-order electroweak corrections to pp → W+W- → 4 leptons at the LHC
Biedermann, B.; Billoni, M.; Denner, A.; Dittmaier, S.; Hofer, L.; Jäger, B.; Salfelder, L.
2016-06-01
We present results of the first calculation of next-to-leading-order electroweak corrections to W-boson pair production at the LHC that fully takes into account leptonic W-boson decays and off-shell effects. Employing realistic event selections, we discuss the corrections in situations that are typical for the study of W-boson pairs as a signal process or of Higgs-boson decays H → WW∗, to which W-boson pair production represents an irreducible background. In particular, we compare the full off-shell results, obtained treating the W-boson resonances in the complex-mass scheme, to previous results in the so-called double-pole approximation, which is based on an expansion of the loop amplitudes about the W resonance poles. At small and intermediate scales, i.e. in particular in angular and rapidity distributions, the two approaches show the expected agreement at the level of fractions of a percent, but larger differences appear in the TeV range. For transverse-momentum distributions, the differences can even exceed the 10% level in the TeV range where "background diagrams" with one instead of two resonant W bosons gain in importance because of recoil effects.
Roughness analysis for textured surfaces over several orders of magnitudes
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Vepsäläinen, Laura, E-mail: laura.vepsalainen@uef.fi [Department of Chemistry, University of Eastern Finland, Joensuu Campus, P.O. Box 111, FI-80101 Joensuu (Finland); Stenberg, Petri, E-mail: petri.stenberg@uef.fi [Department of Physics and Mathematics, University of Eastern Finland, Joensuu Campus, P.O. Box 111, FI-80101 Joensuu (Finland); Pääkkönen, Pertti, E-mail: pertti.paakkonen@uef.fi [Department of Physics and Mathematics, University of Eastern Finland, Joensuu Campus, P.O. Box 111, FI-80101 Joensuu (Finland); Kuittinen, Markku, E-mail: markku.kuittinen@uef.fi [Department of Physics and Mathematics, University of Eastern Finland, Joensuu Campus, P.O. Box 111, FI-80101 Joensuu (Finland); Suvanto, Mika, E-mail: mika.suvanto@uef.fi [Department of Chemistry, University of Eastern Finland, Joensuu Campus, P.O. Box 111, FI-80101 Joensuu (Finland); Pakkanen, Tapani A., E-mail: tapani.pakkanen@uef.fi [Department of Chemistry, University of Eastern Finland, Joensuu Campus, P.O. Box 111, FI-80101 Joensuu (Finland)
2013-11-01
Multiscale structured surfaces have roughness distributions at various spatial frequencies that affect surface properties of materials. A recently developed filtered power spectral density (FPSD) method for surface roughness characterization was generalized to comprise structures from micro- to nanoscale. Furthermore, a uniform analysis method for micro- and nanoscale characterization over five orders of magnitudes was found by combining optical profilometry data, at the microscale level and atomic force microscopy data, at the nanoscale level. The FPSD method was also combined with structure simulation for multiscales, thus the roughness distributions can be designed and studied without the fabrication of structures. Furthermore, the FPSD simulation offers a design tool for structure–property correlations.
Krebs, H; Meissner, U G; Epelbaum, Evgeny; Krebs, Hermann; Mei{\\ss}ner, Ulf-G.
2007-01-01
We study the two-nucleon force at next-to-next-to-leading order in a chiral effective field theory with explicit Delta degrees of freedom. Fixing the appearing low-energy constants from a next-to-leading order calculation of pion-nucleon threshold parameters, we find an improved convergence of most peripheral nucleon-nucleon phases compared to the theory with pions and nucleons only. In the delta-full theory, the next-to-leading order corrections are dominant in most partial waves considered.
Vanasse, Jared
2015-01-01
In the three-body system of ${}^3\\mathrm{H}$ we show how perturbative corrections can be added to the leading ordering triton vertex function. Using this new scheme we calculate the triton charge form factor and use it to extract the triton charge radius to next-to-leading-order, yielding a prediction of 1.58~fm. We show that a new counter-term will be needed to predict the triton charge radius at next-to-next-to-leading order.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Zhang Liang; Xue Songbai; Lu Fangyan; Han Zongjie; Wang Jianxin
2008-01-01
This paper deals with a study on SnPb and lead-free soldered joint reliability of PLCC devices with different lead counts under three kinds of temperature cycle profiles, which is based on non-linear finite element method. By analyzing the stress of soldered joints, it is found that the largest stress is at the area between the soldered joints and the leads, and analysis results indicate that the von Mises stress at the location slightly increases with the increase of lead counts. For PLCC with 84 leads the soldered joints was modeled for three typical loading (273-398 K, 218-398 K and 198-398 K) in order to study the influence of acceleration factors on the reliability of soldered joints. And the estimation of equivalent plastic strain of three different lead-free solder alloys (Sn3.8Ag0.7Cu, Sn3.5Ag and Sn37Pb) was also carried out.
Second-order analysis of semiparametric recurrent event processes.
Guan, Yongtao
2011-09-01
A typical recurrent event dataset consists of an often large number of recurrent event processes, each of which contains multiple event times observed from an individual during a follow-up period. Such data have become increasingly available in medical and epidemiological studies. In this article, we introduce novel procedures to conduct second-order analysis for a flexible class of semiparametric recurrent event processes. Such an analysis can provide useful information regarding the dependence structure within each recurrent event process. Specifically, we will use the proposed procedures to test whether the individual recurrent event processes are all Poisson processes and to suggest sensible alternative models for them if they are not. We apply these procedures to a well-known recurrent event dataset on chronic granulomatous disease and an epidemiological dataset on meningococcal disease cases in Merseyside, United Kingdom to illustrate their practical value.
First Order Deceptive Problem of ACO and Its Performance Analysis
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ling Chen
2009-12-01
Full Text Available Ant colony optimization(ACO, which is one of the intelligential optimization algorithm, has been widely used to solve combinational optimization problems. Deceptive problems have been considered difficult for ant colony optimization. It was believed that ACO will fail to converge to global optima of deceptive problems. This paper proves that the first order deceptive problem of ant colony algorithm satisfies value convergence under certain initial pheromone distribution, but does not satisfy solution convergence. We also present a first attempt towards the value-convergence time complexity analysis of ACO on the first-order deceptive systems taking the n-bit trap problem as the test instance. We prove that time complexity of MMAS, which is an ACO with limitations of the pheromone on each edge, on n-bit trap problem is O(n2m.log n, here n is the size of the problem and m is the number of artificial ants. Our experimental results confirm the correctness of our analysis.
Fuzzy Random Walkers with Second Order Bounds: An Asymmetric Analysis
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Georgios Drakopoulos
2017-03-01
Full Text Available Edge-fuzzy graphs constitute an essential modeling paradigm across a broad spectrum of domains ranging from artificial intelligence to computational neuroscience and social network analysis. Under this model, fundamental graph properties such as edge length and graph diameter become stochastic and as such they are consequently expressed in probabilistic terms. Thus, algorithms for fuzzy graph analysis must rely on non-deterministic design principles. One such principle is Random Walker, which is based on a virtual entity and selects either edges or, like in this case, vertices of a fuzzy graph to visit. This allows the estimation of global graph properties through a long sequence of local decisions, making it a viable strategy candidate for graph processing software relying on native graph databases such as Neo4j. As a concrete example, Chebyshev Walktrap, a heuristic fuzzy community discovery algorithm relying on second order statistics and on the teleportation of the Random Walker, is proposed and its performance, expressed in terms of community coherence and number of vertex visits, is compared to the previously proposed algorithms of Markov Walktrap, Fuzzy Walktrap, and Fuzzy Newman–Girvan. In order to facilitate this comparison, a metric based on the asymmetric metrics of Tversky index and Kullback–Leibler divergence is used.
Berezovska, Ganna; Mostarda, Stefano; Rao, Francesco
2012-01-01
Molecular simulations as well as single molecule experiments have been widely analyzed in terms order parameters, the latter representing candidate probes for the relevant degrees of freedom. Notwithstanding this approach is very intuitive, mounting evidence showed that such description is not accurate, leading to ambiguous definitions of states and wrong kinetics. To overcome these limitations a framework making use of order parameter fluctuations in conjunction with complex network analysis is investigated. Derived from recent advances in the analysis of single molecule time traces, this approach takes into account of the fluctuations around each time point to distinguish between states that have similar values of the order parameter but different dynamics. Snapshots with similar fluctuations are used as nodes of a transition network, the clusterization of which into states provides accurate Markov-State-Models of the system under study. Application of the methodology to theoretical models with a noisy orde...
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Tsuno, Soushi [Univ. of Tsukuba (Japan)
2004-01-01
The authors have studied the W + ≥ n jets process in Tevatron Run II experiment. The data used correspond to a total integrated luminosity of 72 pb^{-1} taken from March 2002 through January 2003. The lowest order QCD predictions have been tested with a new prescription of the parton-jet matching, which allows to construct the enhanced LO phase space. According to this procedure, one gets unique results which do not depend on unphysical bias of kinematical cuts to avoid the collinear/infrared divergence in calculation. Namely, one can get the meaningful results in the lowest order prediction. The controllable event samples of the W boson plus jets events by the enhanced lowest order prediction will lead smaller systematic uncertainty than the naive prediction without any cares of the collinear/infrared divergence. They expect their method will be also useful to make systematically small samples as the background estimates in the top quark analysis. They found a good agreement between data and theory in typical kinematics distributions. The number of events for each inclusive sample up to 3 jets are compared with Monte Carlo calculations. A comparison with Run I results is also presented. This is the first result for the CDF Run II experiment.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Tsuno, Soushi; /Tsukuba U.
2004-01-01
The authors have studied the W + {ge} n jets process in Tevatron Run II experiment. The data used correspond to a total integrated luminosity of 72 pb{sup -1} taken from March 2002 through January 2003. The lowest order QCD predictions have been tested with a new prescription of the parton-jet matching, which allows to construct the enhanced LO phase space. According to this procedure, one gets unique results which do not depend on unphysical bias of kinematical cuts to avoid the collinear/infrared divergence in calculation. Namely, one can get the meaningful results in the lowest order prediction. The controllable event samples of the W boson plus jets events by the enhanced lowest order prediction will lead smaller systematic uncertainty than the naive prediction without any cares of the collinear/infrared divergence. They expect their method will be also useful to make systematically small samples as the background estimates in the top quark analysis. They found a good agreement between data and theory in typical kinematics distributions. The number of events for each inclusive sample up to 3 jets are compared with Monte Carlo calculations. A comparison with Run I results is also presented. This is the first result for the CDF Run II experiment.
Gamma radiation shielding analysis of lead-flyash concretes.
Singh, Kanwaldeep; Singh, Sukhpal; Dhaliwal, A S; Singh, Gurmel
2014-11-04
Six samples of lead-flyash concrete were prepared with lead as an admixture and by varying flyash content - 0%, 20%, 30%, 40%, 50% and 60% (by weight) by replacing cement and keeping constant w/c ratio. Different gamma radiation interaction parameters used for radiation shielding design were computed theoretically and measured experimentally at 662keV, 1173keV and 1332keV gamma radiation energy using narrow transmission geometry. The obtained results were compared with ordinary-flyash concretes. The radiation exposure rate of gamma radiation sources used was determined with and without lead-flyash concretes.
Lalung, M.; Phukan, P.; Sarma, J. K.
2017-09-01
In this work we have solved the nonlinear GLR-MQ evolution equation upto next-to-leading order (NLO) by considering NLO terms of the gluon-gluon splitting functions and running coupling constant α s (Q 2). Here, we have incorporated a Regge-like behaviour of gluon distribution in order to obtain a solution of the GLR-MQ equation in the range of 5G e V 2 ≤ Q 2 ≤ 25G e V 2. We have studied the Q 2 evolution of the gluon distribution function G(x, Q 2) and its nonlinear effects at small-x. It can be observed from our analysis that the nonlinearities increase with decrease in the correlation radius R of two interacting gluons, as expected. We have compared our result of G(x, Q 2) as Q 2 increases and x decreases, for two different values of R, viz. R = 2G e V -1 and 5 G e V -1. We have also checked the sensitivity of the Regge intercept λ G on our results. We compare our computed results with those obtained by the global analysis to parton distribution functions (PDFs) by various collaborations where LHC data have been included viz. ABM12, CT14, MMHT14, PDF4LHC15, NNPDF3.0 and CJ15. Besides we have also shown comparison of our results with HERA PDF data viz. HERAPDF15.
Analysis of wheezes using wavelet higher order spectral features.
Taplidou, Styliani A; Hadjileontiadis, Leontios J
2010-07-01
Wheezes are musical breath sounds, which usually imply an existing pulmonary obstruction, such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Although many studies have addressed the problem of wheeze detection, a limited number of scientific works has focused in the analysis of wheeze characteristics, and in particular, their time-varying nonlinear characteristics. In this study, an effort is made to reveal and statistically analyze the nonlinear characteristics of wheezes and their evolution over time, as they are reflected in the quadratic phase coupling of their harmonics. To this end, the continuous wavelet transform (CWT) is used in combination with third-order spectra to define the analysis domain, where the nonlinear interactions of the harmonics of wheezes and their time variations are revealed by incorporating instantaneous wavelet bispectrum and bicoherence, which provide with the instantaneous biamplitude and biphase curves. Based on this nonlinear information pool, a set of 23 features is proposed for the nonlinear analysis of wheezes. Two complementary perspectives, i.e., general and detailed, related to average performance and to localities, respectively, were used in the construction of the feature set, in order to embed trends and local behaviors, respectively, seen in the nonlinear interaction of the harmonic elements of wheezes over time. The proposed feature set was evaluated on a dataset of wheezes, acquired from adult patients with diagnosed asthma and COPD from a lung sound database. The statistical evaluation of the feature set revealed discrimination ability between the two pathologies for all data subgroupings. In particular, when the total breathing cycle was examined, all 23 features, but one, showed statistically significant difference between the COPD and asthma pathologies, whereas for the subgroupings of inspiratory and expiratory phases, 18 out of 23 and 22 out of 23 features exhibited discrimination power, respectively
Exploring Driver Injury Severity at Intersection: An Ordered Probit Analysis
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Yaping Zhang
2015-02-01
Full Text Available It is well known that intersections are the most hazardous locations; however, only little is known about driver injury severity in intersection crashes. Hence, the main goal of this study was to further examine the different factors contributing to driver injury severity involved in fatal crashes at intersections. Data used for the present analysis was from the US DOT-Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS crash database from the year 2011. An ordered probit model was employed to fit the fatal crash data and analyze the factors impacting each injury severity level. The analysis results displayed that driver injury severity is significantly affected by many factors. They include driver age and gender, driver ethnicity, vehicle type and age (years of use, crash type, driving drunk, speeding, violating stop sign, cognitively distracted driving, and seat belt usage. These findings from the current study are beneficial to form a solid basis for adopting corresponding measures to effectively drop injury severity suffering from intersection crash. More insights into the effects of risk factors on driver injury severity could be acquired using more advanced statistical models.
Lead analysis of waterfowl from Yukon Delta NWR
US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — In 1995, WAES received funds from the Yukon Delta Ecosystem Team to analyze livers of waterfowl, other than spectacled eiders, for lead concentrations. Nineteen...
Nuclear microprobe analysis of lead profile in crocodile bones
Orlic, I.; Siegele, R.; Hammerton, K.; Jeffree, R. A.; Cohen, D. D.
2003-09-01
Elevated concentrations of lead were found in Australian free ranging saltwater crocodile ( Crocodylus porosus) bone and flesh. Lead shots were found as potential source of lead in these animals. ANSTO's heavy ion nuclear microprobe was used to measure the distribution of Pb in a number of bones and osteoderms. The aim was to find out if elevated Pb concentration remains in growth rings and if the concentration is correlated with the blood levels recorded at the time. Results of our study show a very distinct distribution of accumulated Pb in bones and osteoderms as well as good correlation with the level of lead concentration in blood. To investigate influence of ion species on detection limits measurements of the same sample were performed by using 3 MeV protons, 9 MeV He ions and 20 MeV carbon ions. Peak to background ratios, detection limits and the overall 'quality' of obtained spectra are compared and discussed.
Optimization Based Efficiencies in First Order Reliability Analysis
Peck, Jeffrey A.; Mahadevan, Sankaran
2003-01-01
This paper develops a method for updating the gradient vector of the limit state function in reliability analysis using Broyden's rank one updating technique. In problems that use commercial code as a black box, the gradient calculations are usually done using a finite difference approach, which becomes very expensive for large system models. The proposed method replaces the finite difference gradient calculations in a standard first order reliability method (FORM) with Broyden's Quasi-Newton technique. The resulting algorithm of Broyden updates within a FORM framework (BFORM) is used to run several example problems, and the results compared to standard FORM results. It is found that BFORM typically requires fewer functional evaluations that FORM to converge to the same answer.
Higher order statistical moment application for solar PV potential analysis
Basri, Mohd Juhari Mat; Abdullah, Samizee; Azrulhisham, Engku Ahmad; Harun, Khairulezuan
2016-10-01
Solar photovoltaic energy could be as alternative energy to fossil fuel, which is depleting and posing a global warming problem. However, this renewable energy is so variable and intermittent to be relied on. Therefore the knowledge of energy potential is very important for any site to build this solar photovoltaic power generation system. Here, the application of higher order statistical moment model is being analyzed using data collected from 5MW grid-connected photovoltaic system. Due to the dynamic changes of skewness and kurtosis of AC power and solar irradiance distributions of the solar farm, Pearson system where the probability distribution is calculated by matching their theoretical moments with that of the empirical moments of a distribution could be suitable for this purpose. On the advantage of the Pearson system in MATLAB, a software programming has been developed to help in data processing for distribution fitting and potential analysis for future projection of amount of AC power and solar irradiance availability.
Renormalization group analysis of the random first-order transition.
Cammarota, Chiara; Biroli, Giulio; Tarzia, Marco; Tarjus, Gilles
2011-03-18
We consider the approach describing glass formation in liquids as a progressive trapping in an exponentially large number of metastable states. To go beyond the mean-field setting, we provide a real-space renormalization group (RG) analysis of the associated replica free-energy functional. The present approximation yields in finite dimensions an ideal glass transition similar to that found in the mean field. However, we find that along the RG flow the properties associated with metastable glassy states, such as the configurational entropy, are only defined up to a characteristic length scale that diverges as one approaches the ideal glass transition. The critical exponents characterizing the vicinity of the transition are the usual ones associated with a first-order discontinuity fixed point.
Transient analysis and burnout of high temperature superconducting current leads
Seol, S. Y.; Hull, J. R.
The transient behaviour of high-temperature superconductor (HTS) current leads operated between liquid helium and liquid nitrogen temperatures is analysed for burnout conditions upon transition of the HTS into the normal state. Leads composed of HTS only and of HTS sheathed by pure silver or silver alloy are investigated numerically for temperature-dependent properties and analytically for temperature-independent properties. For lower values of shape factor (current density times length), the lead can be operated indefinitely without burnout. At higher values of shape factor, the lead reaches burnout in a finite time. With high current densities, the leads heat adiabatically. For a fixed shape factor, low current densities are desired to achieve long burnout times. To achieve a low helium boil-off rate in the superconducting state without danger of burnout, there is a preferred temperature dependence for thermal conductivity, and silver alloy sheaths are preferred to pure silver sheaths. However, for a given current density, pure silver sheaths take longer to burn out.
Analysis of lead content in herbal preparations in Malaysia.
Ang, H H; Lee, E L; Matsumoto, K
2003-08-01
In Malaysia, the phase 3 registration for traditional medicines was implemented on 1 January 1992 under the Control of Drugs and Cosmetics Regulation 1984, emphasizing quality, efficacy and safety (including the detection of the presence of heavy metals) in all pharmaceutical dosage forms of traditional medicine preparations. Therefore, a total of 100 products in various pharmaceutical dosage forms of a herbal preparation, were analysed for lead content using atomic absorption spectrophotometer. Results showed that 8% (eight products) possessed 10.64-20.72 ppm of lead, and therefore, do not comply with the quality requirement for traditional medicines in Malaysia. One of these products, M-Tongkat Ali (exhibited 10.64 +/-0.37 ppm of lead), was in fact already registered with the DCA Malaysia. The rest, Sukarno Tongkat Ali, Eurycoma Madu, Super Pill Tongkat Ali, Force Pill Tongkat Ali, Tender Pill Tongkat Ali, Super Pill Tongkat Ali Plus and Great Pill Tongkat Ali Plus have not registered with the DCA Malaysia and exhibited 12.24-20.72 ppm of lead. Although this study showed that only 92% of the products complied with the quality requirement for traditional medicines in Malaysia, however, they cannot be assumed safe from lead contamination because of batch-to-batch inconsistency.
Higher order statistical frequency domain decomposition for operational modal analysis
Nita, G. M.; Mahgoub, M. A.; Sharyatpanahi, S. G.; Cretu, N. C.; El-Fouly, T. M.
2017-02-01
Experimental methods based on modal analysis under ambient vibrational excitation are often employed to detect structural damages of mechanical systems. Many of such frequency domain methods, such as Basic Frequency Domain (BFD), Frequency Domain Decomposition (FFD), or Enhanced Frequency Domain Decomposition (EFFD), use as first step a Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) estimate of the power spectral density (PSD) associated with the response of the system. In this study it is shown that higher order statistical estimators such as Spectral Kurtosis (SK) and Sample to Model Ratio (SMR) may be successfully employed not only to more reliably discriminate the response of the system against the ambient noise fluctuations, but also to better identify and separate contributions from closely spaced individual modes. It is shown that a SMR-based Maximum Likelihood curve fitting algorithm may improve the accuracy of the spectral shape and location of the individual modes and, when combined with the SK analysis, it provides efficient means to categorize such individual spectral components according to their temporal dynamics as coherent or incoherent system responses to unknown ambient excitations.
Bernard, Véronique; Descotes-Genon, Sébastien; Silva, Luiz Vale
2016-08-01
Left-Right (LR) models are extensions of the Standard Model where left-right symmetry is restored at high energies, and which are strongly constrained by kaon mixing described in the framework of the |Δ S| = 2 effective Hamiltonian. We consider the short-distance QCD corrections to this Hamiltonian both in the Standard Model (SM) and in LR models. The leading logarithms occurring in these short-distance corrections can be resummed within a rigourous Effective Field Theory (EFT) approach integrating out heavy degrees of freedom progressively, or using an approximate simpler method of regions identifying the ranges of loop momentum generating large logarithms in the relevant two-loop diagrams. We compare the two approaches in the SM at next-to-leading order, finding a very good agreement when one scale dominates the problem, but only a fair agreement in the presence of a large logarithm at leading order. We compute the short-distance QCD corrections for LR models at next-to-leading order using the method of regions, and we compare the results with the EFT approach for the W W ' box with two charm quarks (together with additional diagrams forming a gauge-invariant combination), where a large logarithm occurs already at leading order. We conclude by providing next-to-leading-order estimates for cc, ct and tt boxes in LR models.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bernard, Véronique [Groupe de Physique Théorique, Institut de Physique Nucléaire, UMR 8608, CNRS,University Paris-Sud, Université Paris-Saclay, 91406 Orsay Cedex (France); Descotes-Genon, Sébastien [Laboratoire de Physique Théorique, UMR 8627, CNRS, University Paris-Sud, Université Paris-Saclay,91405 Orsay Cedex (France); Silva, Luiz Vale [Groupe de Physique Théorique, Institut de Physique Nucléaire, UMR 8608, CNRS,University Paris-Sud, Université Paris-Saclay, 91406 Orsay Cedex (France); Laboratoire de Physique Théorique, UMR 8627, CNRS, University Paris-Sud, Université Paris-Saclay,91405 Orsay Cedex (France)
2016-08-23
Left-Right (LR) models are extensions of the Standard Model where left-right symmetry is restored at high energies, and which are strongly constrained by kaon mixing described in the framework of the |ΔS|=2 effective Hamiltonian. We consider the short-distance QCD corrections to this Hamiltonian both in the Standard Model (SM) and in LR models. The leading logarithms occurring in these short-distance corrections can be resummed within a rigourous Effective Field Theory (EFT) approach integrating out heavy degrees of freedom progressively, or using an approximate simpler method of regions identifying the ranges of loop momentum generating large logarithms in the relevant two-loop diagrams. We compare the two approaches in the SM at next-to-leading order, finding a very good agreement when one scale dominates the problem, but only a fair agreement in the presence of a large logarithm at leading order. We compute the short-distance QCD corrections for LR models at next-to-leading order using the method of regions, and we compare the results with the EFT approach for the WW{sup ′} box with two charm quarks (together with additional diagrams forming a gauge-invariant combination), where a large logarithm occurs already at leading order. We conclude by providing next-to-leading-order estimates for cc, ct and tt boxes in LR models.
Next-to-next-to-leading-order charm-quark contribution to the CP violation parameter ϵ(K) and ΔM(K).
Brod, Joachim; Gorbahn, Martin
2012-03-23
The observables ϵ(K) and ΔM(K) play a prominent role in particle physics due to their sensitivity to new physics at short distances. To take advantage of this potential, a firm theoretical prediction of the standard-model background is essential. The charm-quark contribution is a major source of theoretical uncertainty. We address this issue by performing a next-to-next-to-leading-order QCD analysis of the charm-quark contribution η(cc) to the effective |ΔS|=2 Hamiltonian in the standard model. We find a large positive shift of 36%, leading to η(cc)=1.87(76). This result might cast doubt on the validity of the perturbative expansion; we discuss possible solutions. Finally, we give an updated value of the standard-model prediction for |ϵ(K)|=1.81(28)×10(-3) and ΔM(K)(SD)=3.1(1.2)×10(-15) GeV.
Spatial Stratification of Order As Used in Failure Analysis
Leonard, Robert H.; Bachlechner, Martina E.
2007-03-01
Silicon nitride deposited on silicon substrates has application in dielectric layers for microelectronics as well as in photovoltaics. During production and operation of components involving silicon/silicon nitride interfaces, stresses and strains can build up at various temperatures resulting in component failure. Using molecular dynamics simulations the influence of temperature and rate of externally applied strain on silicon/silicon nitride interfaces has been analyzed. The primary purpose of this research is to understand the mechanisms leading to the failure of these films. Analyses involving bond lengths and angles have been developed to gain insight into these mechanisms. Methods for stratifying bond lengths and bond angles into unique sub-populations on the basis of spatial orientation have been developed, and have given much insight to how the material behaves, particularly with regards to the Poisson effect. Possible extensions of this stratification method to primitive rings will also be examined. In combination with experimental observations, this analysis will deepen our understanding of the structural properties of silicon/silicon nitride interfaces.
Pesznyak, Csilla
The aim of the investigation is to give answer to some questions of the QC in the mega-voltage therapy for the sake of making the treatments more trouble-free. We investigated the terms of the usage of CT and PET/CT equipments in treatment planning that were made originally for diagnostic purposes. We compared the calculation algorithms of the Varian CadPlan(TM) and CMS XiORTM treatment planning systems (TPS) for photon and electron radiations of different energy. We also investigated the terms of usage of the PTW EPID QC PHANTOMRTM in the quality control of the EPID's and the portal images, as well. We laid down the terms in a protocol that make the diagnostic CT and PET/CT equipments capable for radiation treatment planning. The protocols should contain the exact patient setup, the tube voltage, detailed directions for use of patient immobilization tools, the review and use of the necessary QA/QC devices, the time consumption of the procedure, the frequency of controls and the worksheet to be used during the measurements. On the base of the measurements, it can be stated that on photon energies the superposition algorithm can be used for patient treatments in the case of the CMS XiORTM TPS while in the case of Varian CadPlan(TM) TPS the PBMB algorithm is the proper choice. It is not allowed to use the TPS without inhomogeneity correction. The CIRS Thorax IMRT phantom can be used for electron measurement only at higher than 10 MeV since only the Farmer chamber can be inserted into the holes of the phantom. On the base of the electron measurements, it can be stated that both planning systems give good results in soft tissue. In lung equivalent material the calculated values of the Varian CadPlan(TM) are in better agreement with the measured values, but the calculated values behind the bones are not accurate enough. In the QA/QC process the PTW EPID QC PHANTOMRTM is usable not only for the amorphous silicon EPID's but the image quality can be analysed on the video based devices and on EPID's operating with liquid filled ionisation chamber array detector and even on port films. In the protocol for measurements, the usable file format should be given since the DICOM implementation is not complete in the case of these systems.
Pagan-Rodríguez, Doritza; O'Keefe, Margaret; Deyrup, Cindy; Zervos, Penny; Walker, Harry; Thaler, Alice
2007-02-21
In 2003-2004, the U.S. Department of Agriculture Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) conducted an exploratory assessment to determine the occurrence and levels of cadmium and lead in randomly collected samples of kidney, liver, and muscle tissues of mature chickens, boars/stags, dairy cows, and heifers. The data generated in the study were qualitatively compared to data that FSIS gathered in a 1985-1986 study in order to identify trends in the levels of cadmium and lead in meat and poultry products. The exploratory assessment was necessary to verify that Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point plans and efforts to control exposure to these heavy metals are effective and result in products that meet U.S. export requirements. A comparison of data from the two FSIS studies suggests that the incidence and levels of cadmium and lead in different slaughter classes have remained stable since the first study was conducted in 1985-1986. This study was conducted to fulfill FSIS mandate to ensure that meat, poultry, and egg products entering commerce in the United States are free of adulterants, including elevated levels of environmental contaminants such as cadmium and lead.
A supply sided analysis of leading MOOC platforms and universities
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Georg Peters
2016-03-01
Full Text Available Investing in education is generally considered as a promising strategy to fight poverty and increase prosperity. This applies to all levels of an economy reaching from individuals to local communities and countries and has a global perspective as well. However, high-quality education is often costly and not available anytime anywhere. Therefore, any promising concept that might help to democratize education is worth pursuing, in a sense that it makes education accessible for everybody without any restrictions. The characteristics attributed to MOOC – Massive Open Online Courses are promising to contribute to this objective. Hence, our objective is to analyse MOOC as it currently operates. Obviously, there is a huge demand for free high-quality education anytime anywhere but a shortage on the supply side. So, we will concentrate on supply-sided effects and study MOOC platforms as well as content providers, particularly universities. We focus our research on some of the leading platforms and universities worldwide. Relative to their size Australia and the Netherlands are very active players in the MOOC sector. Germany is lagging behind and leading universities in the UK seem to virtually refrain from offering MOOC. Our research also shows the leading role of US universities and platform providers.
Third-order analysis of pseudopotential lattice Boltzmann model for multiphase flow
Huang, Rongzong; Wu, Huiying
2016-12-01
In this work, a third-order Chapman-Enskog analysis of the multiple-relaxation-time (MRT) pseudopotential lattice Boltzmann (LB) model for multiphase flow is performed for the first time. The leading terms on the interaction force, consisting of an anisotropic and an isotropic term, are successfully identified in the third-order macroscopic equation recovered by the lattice Boltzmann equation (LBE), and then new mathematical insights into the pseudopotential LB model are provided. For the third-order anisotropic term, numerical tests show that it can cause the stationary droplet to become out-of-round, which suggests the isotropic property of the LBE needs to be seriously considered in the pseudopotential LB model. By adopting the classical equilibrium moment or setting the so-called "magic" parameter to 1/12, the anisotropic term can be eliminated, which is found from the present third-order analysis and also validated numerically. As for the third-order isotropic term, when and only when it is considered, accurate continuum form pressure tensor can be definitely obtained, by which the predicted coexistence densities always agree well with the numerical results. Compared with this continuum form pressure tensor, the classical discrete form pressure tensor is accurate only when the isotropic term is a specific one. At last, in the framework of the present third-order analysis, a consistent scheme for third-order additional term is proposed, which can be used to independently adjust the coexistence densities and surface tension. Numerical tests are subsequently carried out to validate the present scheme.
Higher order SVD analysis for dynamic texture synthesis.
Costantini, Roberto; Sbaiz, Luciano; Süsstrunk, Sabine
2008-01-01
Videos representing flames, water, smoke, etc., are often defined as dynamic textures: "textures" because they are characterized by the redundant repetition of a pattern and "dynamic" because this repetition is also in time and not only in space. Dynamic textures have been modeled as linear dynamic systems by unfolding the video frames into column vectors and describing their trajectory as time evolves. After the projection of the vectors onto a lower dimensional space by a singular value decomposition (SVD), the trajectory is modeled using system identification techniques. Synthesis is obtained by driving the system with random noise. In this paper, we show that the standard SVD can be replaced by a higher order SVD (HOSVD), originally known as Tucker decomposition. HOSVD decomposes the dynamic texture as a multidimensional signal (tensor) without unfolding the video frames on column vectors. This is a more natural and flexible decomposition, since it permits us to perform dimension reduction in the spatial, temporal, and chromatic domain, while standard SVD allows for temporal reduction only. We show that for a comparable synthesis quality, the HOSVD approach requires, on average, five times less parameters than the standard SVD approach. The analysis part is more expensive, but the synthesis has the same cost as existing algorithms. Our technique is, thus, well suited to dynamic texture synthesis on devices limited by memory and computational power, such as PDAs or mobile phones.
Stirling Analysis Comparison of Commercial Versus High-Order Methods
Dyson, Rodger W.; Wilson, Scott D.; Tew, Roy C.; Demko, Rikako
2005-01-01
Recently, three-dimensional Stirling engine simulations have been accomplished utilizing commercial Computational Fluid Dynamics software. The validations reported can be somewhat inconclusive due to the lack of precise time accurate experimental results from engines, export control/proprietary concerns, and the lack of variation in the methods utilized. The last issue may be addressed by solving the same flow problem with alternate methods. In this work, a comprehensive examination of the methods utilized in the commercial codes is compared with more recently developed high-order methods. Specifically, Lele's compact scheme and Dyson's Ultra Hi-Fi method will be compared with the SIMPLE and PISO methods currently employed in CFD-ACE, FLUENT, CFX, and STAR-CD (all commercial codes which can in theory solve a three-dimensional Stirling model with sliding interfaces and their moving grids limit the effective time accuracy). We will initially look at one-dimensional flows since the current standard practice is to design and optimize Stirling engines with empirically corrected friction and heat transfer coefficients in an overall one-dimensional model. This comparison provides an idea of the range in which commercial CFD software for modeling Stirling engines may be expected to provide accurate results. In addition, this work provides a framework for improving current one-dimensional analysis codes.
Stirling Analysis Comparison of Commercial vs. High-Order Methods
Dyson, Rodger W.; Wilson, Scott D.; Tew, Roy C.; Demko, Rikako
2007-01-01
Recently, three-dimensional Stirling engine simulations have been accomplished utilizing commercial Computational Fluid Dynamics software. The validations reported can be somewhat inconclusive due to the lack of precise time accurate experimental results from engines, export control/ proprietary concerns, and the lack of variation in the methods utilized. The last issue may be addressed by solving the same flow problem with alternate methods. In this work, a comprehensive examination of the methods utilized in the commercial codes is compared with more recently developed high-order methods. Specifically, Lele's Compact scheme and Dyson s Ultra Hi-Fi method will be compared with the SIMPLE and PISO methods currently employed in CFD-ACE, FLUENT, CFX, and STAR-CD (all commercial codes which can in theory solve a three-dimensional Stirling model although sliding interfaces and their moving grids limit the effective time accuracy). We will initially look at one-dimensional flows since the current standard practice is to design and optimize Stirling engines with empirically corrected friction and heat transfer coefficients in an overall one-dimensional model. This comparison provides an idea of the range in which commercial CFD software for modeling Stirling engines may be expected to provide accurate results. In addition, this work provides a framework for improving current one-dimensional analysis codes.
Third-order analysis of pseudopotential lattice Boltzmann model for multiphase flow
Huang, Rongzong
2016-01-01
In this work, a third-order Chapman-Enskog analysis of the multiple-relaxation-time (MRT) pseudopotential lattice Boltzmann (LB) model for multiphase flow is performed for the first time. The leading terms on the interaction force, consisting of an anisotropic and an isotropic term, are successfully identified in the third-order macroscopic equation recovered by the lattice Boltzmann equation (LBE), and then new mathematical insights into the pseudopotential LB model are provided. For the third-order anisotropic term, numerical tests show that it can cause the stationary droplet to become out-of-round, which suggests the isotropic property of the LBE needs to be seriously considered in the pseudopotential LB model. By adopting the classical equilibrium moment or setting the so-called "magic" parameter to 1/12, the anisotropic term can be eliminated, which is found from the present third-order analysis and also validated numerically. As for the third-order isotropic term, when and only when it is considered, a...
Analysis of Second-Order Effect in Frame
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
毕继红; 丛蓉; 张利华
2004-01-01
The second-order effect is the interaction between the vertical load and the deformation in a vertically forced element. In order to deduce a more brief but practical method, which has considered the second-order effect in a sway frame, some factors which affect the second-order deformation in a sway frame should be generalized based on a more accurate method. Nonlinear finite element is adopted in this paper, and according to this theory, a program, which can calculate the inner force and the deformation of the sway frame considering the second-order effects is coded.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Torrisi, L., E-mail: Lorenzo.Torrisi@unime.it [Department of Physics Science - MIFT, Messina University, V.le F.S. d’Alcontres 31, 98166 S. Agata, Messina (Italy); Italiano, A. [INFN, Sezione di Catania, Gruppo collegato di Messina (Italy); Torrisi, A. [Institute of Optoelectronics, Military University of Technology, 2 Kaliskiego Str., 00-908 Warsaw (Poland)
2016-11-30
Highlights: • Surface and bulk compositional elements in ancient bronze coins were investigated using XRF analysis. • Lead stable isotope {sup 204}Pb, {sup 206}Pb, {sup 207}Pb and {sup 208}Pb were measured in ancient coins with LAMQS analysis. • Lead ratios {sup 208}Pb/{sup 206}Pb and {sup 207}Pb/{sup 206}Pb, measured by LAMQS, were compared with Brettscaife.net geological database relative to the minerals in different mines of Mediterranean basin. • Bronze coins were correlated to possible ancient mining sites of minerals from which lead was extracted. - Abstract: Bronze coins coming from the area of the Mediterranean basin, dated back the II–X Cent. A.D., were analyzed using different physical analytical techniques. Characteristic X-ray fluorescence was used with electrons and photons, in order to investigate the elemental composition of both the surface layers and bulk. Moreover, the quadrupole mass spectrometry coupled to laser ablation (LAMQS technique) in high vacuum was used to analyse typical material compounds from surface contamination. Mass spectrometry, at high resolution and sensitivity, extended up to 300 amu, allowed measuring the {sup 208}Pb/{sup 206}Pb and {sup 207}Pb/{sup 206}Pb isotopic ratios into the coins. Quantitative relative analyses of these isotopic ratios identify the coin composition such as a “fingerprint” depending on the mineral used to extract the lead. Isotopic ratios in coins can be compared to those of the possible minerals used to produce the bronze alloy. A comparison between the measured isotope ratios in the analyzed coins and the literature database, related to the mineral containing Pb as a function of its geological and geophysical extraction mine, is presented. The analysis, restricted to old coins and the mines of the Mediterranean basin, indicates a possible correlation between the coin compositions and the possible geological sites of the extracted mineral.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Stefan Höche
2015-09-01
Full Text Available We present differential cross sections for the production of top-quark pairs in conjunction with up to two jets, computed at next-to-leading order in perturbative QCD and consistently merged with a parton shower in the Sherpa+OpenLoops framework. Top quark decays including spin correlation effects are taken into account at leading order accuracy. The calculation yields a unified description of top-pair plus multi-jet production, and detailed results are presented for various key observables at the Large Hadron Collider. A large improvement with respect to the multi-jet merging approach at leading order is found for the total transverse energy spectrum, which plays a prominent role in searches for physics beyond the Standard Model.
Analysis of Lead and Zinc by Mercury-Free Potentiometric Stripping Analysis
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Andersen, Jens Enevold Thaulov
1997-01-01
A method is presented for trace-element analysis of lead and zinc by potentiometric stripping analysis (PSA) where both the glassy-carbon working electrode and the electrolyte are free of mercury. Analysis of zinc requires an activation procedure of the glassy-carbon electrode. The activation...... is performed by pre-concentrating zinc on glassy carbon at -1400 mV(SCE) in a mercury-free electrolyte containing 0.1 M HCl and 2 ppm Zn2+, followed by stripping at approx. -1050 mV. A linear relationship between stripping peak areas, recorded in the derivative mode, and concentration was found...
ESP NEEDS ANALYSIS OF PUBLIC ORDER POLICE OFFICERS
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ömer Gökhan Ulum
2017-01-01
Full Text Available With this study, 105 public order police officers in the national police forces were surveyed in order to assess their needs when using English on the job. In other words, this study aimed at examining the needs, functions and problems of 105 police officers serving at the department of public order. The findings from the questionnaire with open ended questions displayed that, (1 speaking and listening are the most important skills, (2 four language skills are moderately difficult, (3 there are motivational factors important to learn English, and (4 the functional use of English is important for the public order police officers. Recommendations and pedagogical implications were suggested.
Anion order in perovskites: a group-theoretical analysis.
Talanov, M V; Shirokov, V B; Talanov, V M
2016-03-01
Anion ordering in the structure of cubic perovskite has been investigated by the group-theoretical method. The possibility of the existence of 261 ordered low-symmetry structures, each with a unique space-group symmetry, is established. These results include five binary and 14 ternary anion superstructures. The 261 idealized anion-ordered perovskite structures are considered as aristotypes, giving rise to different derivatives. The structures of these derivatives are formed by tilting of BO6 octahedra, distortions caused by the cooperative Jahn-Teller effect and other physical effects. Some derivatives of aristotypes exist as real substances, and some as virtual ones. A classification of aristotypes of anion superstructures in perovskite is proposed: the AX class (the simultaneous ordering of A cations and anions in cubic perovskite structure), the BX class (the simultaneous ordering of B cations and anions) and the X class (the ordering of anions only in cubic perovskite structure). In most perovskites anion ordering is accompanied by cation ordering. Therefore, the main classes of anion order in perovskites are the AX and BX classes. The calculated structures of some anion superstructures are reported. Comparison of predictions and experimentally investigated anion superstructures shows coherency of theoretical and experimental results.
Magas, V K; Ramos, A
2013-01-01
The meson-baryon interactions in s-wave in the strangeness S=-1 sector are studied using a chiral unitarity approach based on the next-to-leading order chiral SU(3) Lagrangian. The model is fitted to the large set of experimental data in different two-body channels. Particular attention is paid to the $\\Xi$ hyperon production reaction, $\\bar{K} N \\rightarrow K \\Xi$, where the effect of the next-to-leading order terms in the Lagrangian play a crucial role, since the cross section of this reaction at tree level is zero.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kniehl, B.A.; Merebashvili, Z. [Hamburg Univ. (Germany). 2. Inst. fuer Theoretische Physik; Koerner, J.G. [Mainz Univ. (Germany). Inst. fuer Physik; Rogal, M. [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Zeuthen (Germany)
2008-09-15
We calculate the next-to-next-to-leading order O({alpha}{sup 4}{sub s}) one-loop squared corrections to the production of heavy quark pairs in the gluon-gluon fusion process. Together with the previously derived results on the q anti q production channel the results of this paper complete the calculation of the oneloop squared contributions of the next-to-next-to-leading order O({alpha}{sup 4}{sub s}) radiative QCD corrections to the hadroproduction of heavy flavours. Our results, with the full mass dependence retained, are presented in a closed and very compact form, in dimensional regularization. (orig.)
Cournane, S; Sheehy, N; Cooke, J
2014-06-01
Benford's law is an empirical observation which predicts the expected frequency of digits in naturally occurring datasets spanning multiple orders of magnitude, with the law having been most successfully applied as an audit tool in accountancy. This study investigated the sensitivity of the technique in identifying system output changes using simulated changes in interventional radiology Dose-Area-Product (DAP) data, with any deviations from Benford's distribution identified using z-statistics. The radiation output for interventional radiology X-ray equipment is monitored annually during quality control testing; however, for a considerable portion of the year an increased output of the system, potentially caused by engineering adjustments or spontaneous system faults may go unnoticed, leading to a potential increase in the radiation dose to patients. In normal operation recorded examination radiation outputs vary over multiple orders of magnitude rendering the application of normal statistics ineffective for detecting systematic changes in the output. In this work, the annual DAP datasets complied with Benford's first order law for first, second and combinations of the first and second digits. Further, a continuous 'rolling' second order technique was devised for trending simulated changes over shorter timescales. This distribution analysis, the first employment of the method for radiation output trending, detected significant changes simulated on the original data, proving the technique useful in this case. The potential is demonstrated for implementation of this novel analysis for monitoring and identifying change in suitable datasets for the purpose of system process control.
An Analysis of the First Order Form of Gauge Theories
Kiriushcheva, N; McKeon, D G C
2011-01-01
The first order form of a Maxwell theory and U(1) gauge theory in which a gauge invariant mass term appears is analyzed using the Dirac procedure. The form of the gauge transformation which leaves the action invariant is derived from the constraints present. A non-Abelian generalization is similarly analyzed. This first order three dimensional massive gauge theory is rewritten in terms of two interacting vector fields. The constraint structure when using light-cone coordinates is considered. The relationship between first and second order forms of the two-dimensional Einstein-Hilbert action is explored where a Lagrange multiplier is used to ensure their equivalence.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Mariette, C.; Huard, M.; Rabiller, P.; Nichols, Shane M.; Ecolivet, C.; Janssen, Ted; Alquist, III, Keith E.; Hollingsworth, Mark D.; Toudic, B. (CNRS-UMR); (Nijmegen); (KSU)
2012-07-11
n-Heptane/urea is an aperiodic inclusion compound in which the ratio of host and guest repeats along the channel axis is very close to unity and is found to have a constant value (0.981) from 280 K to 90 K. Below 280 K, two phase transitions are observed. The first (T{sub c1} = 145 K) is a ferroelastic phase transition that generates superstructure reflections for the host while leaving the guest with 1D order. The second (T{sub c2} = 130 K) is a 'phase ordering' transition to a four-dimensional structure (P2{sub 1}11(0{beta}{gamma})) with pronounced host-guest intermodulation and a temperature dependent phase shift between guests in adjacent channels.
Degrande, Céline; Hirschi, Valentin; Proudom, Josselin; Shao, Hua-Sheng
2015-01-01
We present for the first time the full automation of collider predictions matched with parton showers at the next-to-leading accuracy in QCD within non-trivial extensions of the Standard Model. The sole inputs required from the user are the model Lagrangian and the process of interest. As an application of the above, we explore scenarios beyond the Standard Model where new colored scalar particles can be pair produced in hadron collisions. Using simplified models to describe the new field interactions with the Standard Model, we present precision predictions for the LHC within the MadGraph5 aMC@NLO framework.
Corrections beyond the leading order in π{sup 0} → e{sup +}e{sup −} process
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Husek, T.; Kampf, K.; Novotný, J. [Institute of Particle and Nuclear Physics, Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University, Prague (Czech Republic)
2016-01-22
We briefly summarize experimental and theoretical results on the rare decay π{sup 0} → e{sup +}e{sup −}. Two-loop QED corrections are reviewed and the bremsstrahlung contribution beyond the soft-photon approximation is analytically calculated. Using the leading logarithm approximation, the possible contribution of QCD corrections is estimated. The complete result can be used to fit the value of the contact interaction coupling χ{sup (r)} to the recent KTeV experiment with the result χ{sup (r)}(M{sub ρ}) = 4.5±1.0.
Rare decay π{sup 0} → e{sup +}e{sup -}. On corrections beyond the leading order
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Husek, Tomas; Kampf, Karol; Novotny, Jiri [Charles University, Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Institute of Particle and Nuclear Physics, Praha 8 (Czech Republic)
2014-08-15
The preceding experimental and theoretical results on the rare decay π{sup 0} → e{sup +}e{sup -} are briefly summarized. Already computed two-loop QED corrections are reviewed and the bremsstrahlung contribution beyond the soft-photon approximation is analytically calculated. The possible further contribution of QCD loop corrections is estimated using the leading logarithm approximation. The complete result can be used to fit the value of the contact interaction coupling χ{sup (r)} to the recent KTeV experiment with the result χ{sup (r)}(M{sub ρ}) = 4.5 ± 1.0. (orig.)
A rigorous analysis of high-order electromagnetic invisibility cloaks
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Weder, Ricardo [Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Helsinki, PO Box 68 (Gustaf Hallstromin katu 2b) FI-00014 (Finland)], E-mail: weder@servidor.unam.mx
2008-02-15
There is currently a great deal of interest in the invisibility cloaks recently proposed by Pendry et al that are based on the transformation approach. They obtained their results using first-order transformations. In recent papers, Hendi et al and Cai et al considered invisibility cloaks with high-order transformations. In this paper, we study high-order electromagnetic invisibility cloaks in transformation media obtained by high-order transformations from general anisotropic media. We consider the case where there is a finite number of spherical cloaks located in different points in space. We prove that for any incident plane wave, at any frequency, the scattered wave is identically zero. We also consider the scattering of finite-energy wave packets. We prove that the scattering matrix is the identity, i.e., that for any incoming wave packet the outgoing wave packet is the same as the incoming one. This proves that the invisibility cloaks cannot be detected in any scattering experiment with electromagnetic waves in high-order transformation media, and in particular in the first-order transformation media of Pendry et al. We also prove that the high-order invisibility cloaks, as well as the first-order ones, cloak passive and active devices. The cloaked objects completely decouple from the exterior. Actually, the cloaking outside is independent of what is inside the cloaked objects. The electromagnetic waves inside the cloaked objects cannot leave the concealed regions and vice versa, the electromagnetic waves outside the cloaked objects cannot go inside the concealed regions. As we prove our results for media that are obtained by transformation from general anisotropic materials, we prove that it is possible to cloak objects inside general crystals.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Burger, Florian [Humboldt U. Berlin; Feng, Xu [KEK; Hotzel, Grit [Humboldt U. Berlin; Jansen, Karl [DESY; Petschlies, Marcus [The Cyprus Institute; Renner, Dru B. [JLAB
2013-11-01
We present results for the leading order QCD correction to the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon including the first two generations of quarks as dynamical degrees of freedom. Several light quark masses are examined in order to yield a controlled extrapolation to the physical pion mass. We analyse ensembles for three different lattice spacings and several volumes in order to investigate lattice artefacts and finite-size effects, respectively. We also provide preliminary results for this quantity for two flavours of mass-degenerate quarks at the physical value of the pion mass.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Burger, Florian; Hotzel, Grit [Humboldt-Universitaet, Berlin (Germany). Inst. fuer Physik; Feng, Xu [High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK), Tsukuba, Ibaraki (Japan); Jansen, Karl [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Zeuthen (Germany). John von Neumann-Inst. fuer Computing NIC; Petschlies, Marcus [The Cyprus Institute, Nicosia (Cyprus); Renner, Dru B. [Jefferson Lab, Newport News, VA (United States)
2013-12-15
We present results for the leading order QCD correction to the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon including the first two generations of quarks as dynamical degrees of freedom. Several light quark masses are examined in order to yield a controlled extrapolation to the physical pion mass. We analyse ensembles for three different lattice spacings and several volumes in order to investigate lattice artefacts and finite-size effects, respectively. We also provide preliminary results for this quantity for two flavours of mass-degenerate quarks at the physical value of the pion mass.
Continuum limit of the leading order HQET form factor in B{sub s}→Klν decays
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bahr, Felix; Banerjee, Debasish; Koren, Mateusz; Simma, Hubert; Sommer, Rainer [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Zeuthen (Germany). John von Neumann-Inst. fuer Computing NIC; Bernardoni, Fabio [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Zeuthen (Germany). John von Neumann-Inst. fuer Computing NIC; Technische Univ. Dresden (Germany). Medizinische Fakultaet ' ' Carl Gustav Carus' ' ; Joseph, Anosh [Cambridge Univ. (United Kingdom). Dept. of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics (DAMTP); Collaboration: ALPHA Collaboration
2016-01-15
We discuss the computation of form factors for semi-leptonic decays of B-, B{sub s}- mesons in lattice QCD. Considering in particular the example of the static B{sub s} form factors we demonstrate that after non-perturbative renormalization the continuum limit can be taken with confidence. The resulting precision is of interest for extractions of V{sub ub}. The size of the corrections of order 1/m{sub b} is just estimated at present but it is expected that their inclusion does not pose significant difficulties.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
S. Mohammad Moosavi Nejad
2017-08-01
Full Text Available In recent years, searches for the light and heavy charged Higgs bosons have been done by the ATLAS and the CMS collaborations at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC in proton–proton collision. Nevertheless, a definitive search is a program that still has to be carried out at the LHC. The experimental observation of charged Higgs bosons would indicate physics beyond the Standard Model. In the present work, we study the scaled-energy distribution of bottom-flavored mesons (B inclusively produced in polarized top quark decays into a light charged Higgs boson and a massless bottom quark at next-to-leading order in the two-Higgs-doublet model; t(↑→bH+→BH++X. This spin-dependent energy distribution is studied in a specific helicity coordinate system where the polarization vector of the top quark is measured with respect to the direction of the Higgs momentum. The study of these energy distributions could be considered as a new channel to search for the charged Higgs bosons at the LHC. For our numerical analysis and phenomenological predictions, we restrict ourselves to the unexcluded regions of the MSSM mH+−tanβ parameter space determined by the recent results of the CMS [13] and ATLAS [14] collaborations.
Moosavi Nejad, S. Mohammad; Abbaspour, S.
2017-08-01
In recent years, searches for the light and heavy charged Higgs bosons have been done by the ATLAS and the CMS collaborations at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) in proton-proton collision. Nevertheless, a definitive search is a program that still has to be carried out at the LHC. The experimental observation of charged Higgs bosons would indicate physics beyond the Standard Model. In the present work, we study the scaled-energy distribution of bottom-flavored mesons (B) inclusively produced in polarized top quark decays into a light charged Higgs boson and a massless bottom quark at next-to-leading order in the two-Higgs-doublet model; t (↑) → bH+ → BH+ + X. This spin-dependent energy distribution is studied in a specific helicity coordinate system where the polarization vector of the top quark is measured with respect to the direction of the Higgs momentum. The study of these energy distributions could be considered as a new channel to search for the charged Higgs bosons at the LHC. For our numerical analysis and phenomenological predictions, we restrict ourselves to the unexcluded regions of the MSSM mH+ - tan β parameter space determined by the recent results of the CMS [13] and ATLAS [14] collaborations.
Analysis of higher order harmonics with holographic reflection gratings
Mas-Abellan, P.; Madrigal, R.; Fimia, A.
2017-05-01
Silver halide emulsions have been considered one of the most energetic sensitive materials for holographic applications. Nonlinear recording effects on holographic reflection gratings recorded on silver halide emulsions have been studied by different authors obtaining excellent experimental results. In this communication specifically we focused our investigation on the effects of refractive index modulation, trying to get high levels of overmodulation that will produce high order harmonics. We studied the influence of the overmodulation and its effects on the transmission spectra for a wide exposure range by use of 9 μm thickness films of ultrafine grain emulsion BB640, exposed to single collimated beams using a red He-Ne laser (wavelength 632.8 nm) with Denisyuk configuration obtaining a spatial frequency of 4990 l/mm recorded on the emulsion. The experimental results show that high overmodulation levels of refractive index produce second order harmonics with high diffraction efficiency (higher than 75%) and a narrow grating bandwidth (12.5 nm). Results also show that overmodulation produce diffraction spectra deformation of the second order harmonic, transforming the spectrum from sinusoidal to approximation of square shape due to very high overmodulation. Increasing the levels of overmodulation of refractive index, we have obtained higher order harmonics, obtaining third order harmonic with diffraction efficiency (up to 23%) and narrowing grating bandwidth (5 nm). This study is the first step to develop a new easy technique to obtain narrow spectral filters based on the use of high index modulation reflection gratings.
Asymptotic analysis of perturbed dust cosmologies to second order
Uggla, Claes; Wainwright, John
2013-08-01
Nonlinear perturbations of Friedmann-Lemaitre cosmologies with dust and a cosmological constant Λ >0 have recently attracted considerable attention. In this paper our first goal is to compare the evolution of the first and second order perturbations by determining their asymptotic behaviour at late times in ever-expanding models. We show that in the presence of spatial curvature K or a cosmological constant, the density perturbation approaches a finite limit both to first and second order, but the rate of approach depends on the model, being power law in the scale factor if Λ >0 but logarithmic if Λ =0 and K0 the decaying mode does not die away, i.e. it contributes on an equal footing as the growing mode to the asymptotic expression for the density perturbation. On the other hand, the future asymptotic regime of the Einstein-de Sitter universe (K=Λ =0) is completely different, as exemplified by the density perturbation which diverges; moreover, the second order perturbation diverges faster than the first order perturbation, which suggests that the Einstein-de Sitter universe is unstable to perturbations, and that the perturbation series do not converge towards the future. We conclude that the presence of spatial curvature or a cosmological constant stabilizes the perturbations. Our second goal is to derive an explicit expression for the second order density perturbation that can be used to study the effects of including a cosmological constant and spatial curvature.
Tidal heating and torquing of a Kerr black hole to next-to-leading order in the tidal coupling
Chatziioannou, Katerina; Yunes, Nicolas
2012-01-01
We calculate the linear vacuum perturbations of a Kerr black hole surrounded by a slowly-varying external spacetime to third order in the ratio of the black-hole mass to the radius of curvature of the external spacetime. This expansion applies to two relevant physical scenarios: (i) a small Kerr black hole immersed in the gravitational field of a much larger external black hole, and (ii) a Kerr black hole moving slowly around another external black hole of comparable mass. This small-hole/slow-motion approximation allows us to parametrize the perturbation through slowly-varying, time-dependent electric and magnetic tidal tensors, which then enables us to separate the Teukolsky equation and compute the Newman-Penrose scalar analytically to third order in our expansion parameter. We obtain generic expressions for the mass and angular momentum flux through the perturbed black hole horizon, as well as the rate of change of the horizon surface area, in terms of certain invariants constructed from the electric and ...
Second-Order Risk Constraints in Decision Analysis
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Love Ekenberg
2014-01-01
Full Text Available Recently, representations and methods aimed at analysing decision problems where probabilities and values (utilities are associated with distributions over them (second-order representations have been suggested. In this paper we present an approach to how imprecise information can be modelled by means of second-order distributions and how a risk evaluation process can be elaborated by integrating procedures for numerically imprecise probabilities and utilities. We discuss some shortcomings of the use of the principle of maximising the expected utility and of utility theory in general, and offer remedies by the introduction of supplementary decision rules based on a concept of risk constraints taking advantage of second-order distributions.
Analysis of linear weighted order statistics CFAR algorithm
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
孟祥伟; 关键; 何友
2004-01-01
CFAR technique is widely used in radar targets detection fields. Traditional algorithm is cell averaging (CA),which can give a good detection performance in a relatively ideal environment. Recently, censoring technique is adopted to make the detector perform robustly. Ordered statistic (OS) and trimmed mean (TM) methods are proposed. TM methods treat the reference samples which participate in clutter power estimates equally, but this processing will not realize the effective estimates of clutter power. Therefore, in this paper a quasi best weighted (Q BW) order statistics algorithm is presented. In special cases, QBW reduces to CA and the censored mean level detector (CMLD).
Langevin dynamics of financial systems: A second-order analysis
Canessa, E.
2001-07-01
We address the issue of stock market fluctuations within Langevin Dynamics (LD) and the thermodynamics definitions of multifractality in order to study its second-order characterization given by the analogous specific heat Cq, where q is an analogous temperature relating the moments of the generating partition function for the financial data signals. Due to non-linear and additive noise terms within the LD, we found that Cq can display a shoulder to the right of its main peak as also found in the S&P500 historical data which may resemble a classical phase transition at a critical point.
SOCIAL ORDERS AND POLITICAL ANALYSIS OF REGIONAL PROCESSES
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
A. D. Voskressenski
2012-01-01
Full Text Available Abstract: Contemporary Political Science deals mainly with three major research fields (typology of social order within countries, existing and emerging regional identity and world order in international system, which are studied separately. This division is a product of the traditional, West-centric theories. The current article building upon achievements of the Russian school of Asian studies and new reality of the West and East proposes framework for complex approach towards political reality with due account of interdependence between global, regional and national levels.
Assessing School Work Culture: A Higher-Order Analysis and Strategy.
Johnson, William L.; Johnson, Annabel M.; Zimmerman, Kurt J.
This paper reviews a work culture productivity model and reports the development of a work culture instrument based on the culture productivity model. Higher order principal components analysis was used to assess work culture, and a third-order factor analysis shows how the first-order factors group into higher-order factors. The school work…
A Higher Order Analysis of the Factor Structure of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator.
Johnson, William L.; Mauzey, Edward; Johnson, Annabel M.; Murphy, Stanley D.; Zimmerman, Kurt J.
2001-01-01
Examines the higher order structure of Form G of the Myers Briggs Type Indicator. A third order component analysis of a sample (N=926) found two higher order components. This higher order analysis contributes to the research literature pertaining to the generalized structure of the personality measure. (Contains 44 references and 1 table.) (GCP)
A Higher Order Analysis of the Factor Structure of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator.
Johnson, William L.; Mauzey, Edward; Johnson, Annabel M.; Murphy, Stanley D.; Zimmerman, Kurt J.
2001-01-01
Examines the higher order structure of Form G of the Myers Briggs Type Indicator. A third order component analysis of a sample (N=926) found two higher order components. This higher order analysis contributes to the research literature pertaining to the generalized structure of the personality measure. (Contains 44 references and 1 table.) (GCP)
Diagnosis of broken-bars fault in induction machines using higher order spectral analysis.
Saidi, L; Fnaiech, F; Henao, H; Capolino, G-A; Cirrincione, G
2013-01-01
Detection and identification of induction machine faults through the stator current signal using higher order spectra analysis is presented. This technique is known as motor current signature analysis (MCSA). This paper proposes two higher order spectra techniques, namely the power spectrum and the slices of bi-spectrum used for the analysis of induction machine stator current leading to the detection of electrical failures within the rotor cage. The method has been tested by using both healthy and broken rotor bars cases for an 18.5 kW-220 V/380 V-50 Hz-2 pair of poles induction motor under different load conditions. Experimental signals have been analyzed highlighting that bi-spectrum results show their superiority in the accurate detection of rotor broken bars. Even when the induction machine is rotating at a low level of shaft load (no-load condition), the rotor fault detection is efficient. We will also demonstrate through the analysis and experimental verification, that our proposed proposed-method has better detection performance in terms of receiver operation characteristics (ROC) curves and precision-recall graph.
Publication Trends in Thanatology: An Analysis of Leading Journals.
Wittkowski, Joachim; Doka, Kenneth J; Neimeyer, Robert A; Vallerga, Michael
2015-01-01
To identify important trends in thanatology as a discipline, the authors analyzed over 1,500 articles that appeared in Death Studies and Omega over a 20-year period, coding the category of articles (e.g., theory, application, empirical research), their content focus (e.g., bereavement, death attitudes, end-of-life), and for empirical studies, their methodology (e.g., quantitative, qualitative). In general, empirical research predominates in both journals, with quantitative methods outnumbering qualitative procedures 2 to 1 across the period studied, despite an uptick in the latter methods in recent years. Purely theoretical articles, in contrast, decline in frequency. Research on grief and bereavement is the most commonly occurring (and increasing) content focus of this work, with a declining but still substantial body of basic research addressing death attitudes. Suicidology is also well represented in the corpus of articles analyzed. In contrast, publications on topics such as death education, medical ethics, and end-of-life issues occur with lower frequency, in the latter instances likely due to the submission of such work to more specialized medical journals. Differences in emphasis of Death Studies and Omega are noted, and the analysis of publication patterns is interpreted with respect to overall trends in the discipline and the culture, yielding a broad depiction of the field and some predictions regarding its possible future.
Abbiendi, G; Alexander, Gideon; Allison, J; Altekamp, N; Anderson, K J; Anderson, S; Arcelli, S; Asai, S; Ashby, S F; Axen, D A; Azuelos, Georges; Ball, A H; Barberio, E; Barlow, R J; Batley, J Richard; Baumann, S; Bechtluft, J; Behnke, T; Bell, K W; Bella, G; Bellerive, A; Bentvelsen, Stanislaus Cornelius Maria; Bethke, Siegfried; Betts, S; Biebel, O; Biguzzi, A; Bloodworth, Ian J; Bock, P; Böhme, J; Bonacorsi, D; Boutemeur, M; Braibant, S; Bright-Thomas, P G; Brigliadori, L; Brown, R M; Burckhart, Helfried J; Capiluppi, P; Carnegie, R K; Carter, A A; Carter, J R; Chang, C Y; Charlton, D G; Chrisman, D; Ciocca, C; Clarke, P E L; Clay, E; Cohen, I; Conboy, J E; Cooke, O C; Couchman, J; Couyoumtzelis, C; Coxe, R L; Cuffiani, M; Dado, S; Dallavalle, G M; Davis, R; De Jong, S; de Roeck, A; Dervan, P J; Desch, Klaus; Dienes, B; Dixit, M S; Dubbert, J; Duchovni, E; Duckeck, G; Duerdoth, I P; Estabrooks, P G; Etzion, E; Fabbri, Franco Luigi; Fanfani, A; Fanti, M; Faust, A A; Fiedler, F; Fierro, M; Fleck, I; Frey, A; Fürtjes, A; Futyan, D I; Gagnon, P; Gary, J W; Gascon-Shotkin, S M; Gaycken, G; Geich-Gimbel, C; Giacomelli, G; Giacomelli, P; Gibson, V; Gibson, W R; Gingrich, D M; Glenzinski, D A; Goldberg, J; Gorn, W; Grandi, C; Graham, K; Gross, E; Grunhaus, Jacob; Gruwé, M; Hajdu, C; Hanson, G G; Hansroul, M; Hapke, M; Harder, K; Harel, A; Hargrove, C K; Harin-Dirac, M; Hauschild, M; Hawkes, C M; Hawkings, R; Hemingway, Richard J; Herndon, M; Herten, G; Heuer, R D; Hildreth, M D; Hill, J C; Hobson, P R; Höcker, Andreas; Hoffman, K; Homer, R James; Honma, A K; Horváth, D; Hossain, K R; Howard, R; Hüntemeyer, P; Igo-Kemenes, P; Imrie, D C; Ishii, K; Jacob, F R; Jawahery, A; Jeremie, H; Jimack, Martin Paul; Jones, C R; Jovanovic, P; Junk, T R; Kanaya, N; Kanzaki, J I; Karlen, D A; Kartvelishvili, V G; Kawagoe, K; Kawamoto, T; Kayal, P I; Keeler, Richard K; Kellogg, R G; Kennedy, B W; Kim, D H; Klier, A; Kobayashi, T; Kobel, M; Kokott, T P; Kolrep, M; Komamiya, S; Kowalewski, R V; Kress, T; Krieger, P; Von Krogh, J; Kühl, T; Kyberd, P; Lafferty, G D; Landsman, Hagar Yaël; Lanske, D; Lauber, J; Lawson, I; Layter, J G; Lellouch, Daniel; Letts, J; Levinson, L; Liebisch, R; List, B; Littlewood, C; Lloyd, A W; Lloyd, S L; Loebinger, F K; Long, G D; Losty, Michael J; Lü, J; Ludwig, J; Liu, D; Macchiolo, A; MacPherson, A L; Mader, W F; Mannelli, M; Marcellini, S; Martin, A J; Martin, J P; Martínez, G; Mashimo, T; Mättig, P; McDonald, W J; McKenna, J A; McKigney, E A; McMahon, T J; McPherson, R A; Meijers, F; Méndez-Lorenzo, P; Merritt, F S; Mes, H; Michelini, Aldo; Mihara, S; Mikenberg, G; Miller, D J; Mohr, W; Montanari, A; Mori, T; Nagai, K; Nakamura, I; Neal, H A; Nisius, R; O'Neale, S W; Oakham, F G; Odorici, F; Ögren, H O; Okpara, A N; Oreglia, M J; Orito, S; Pásztor, G; Pater, J R; Patrick, G N; Patt, J; Pérez-Ochoa, R; Petzold, S; Pfeifenschneider, P; Pilcher, J E; Pinfold, James L; Plane, D E; Poffenberger, P R; Poli, B; Polok, J; Przybycien, M B; Quadt, A; Rembser, C; Rick, Hartmut; Robertson, S; Robins, S A; Rodning, N L; Roney, J M; Rosati, S; Roscoe, K; Rossi, A M; Rozen, Y; Runge, K; Runólfsson, O; Rust, D R; Sachs, K; Saeki, T; Sahr, O; Sang, W M; Sarkisyan-Grinbaum, E; Sbarra, C; Schaile, A D; Schaile, O; Scharff-Hansen, P; Schieck, J; Schmitt, S; Schöning, A; Schröder, M; Schumacher, M; Schwick, C; Scott, W G; Seuster, R; Shears, T G; Shen, B C; Shepherd-Themistocleous, C H; Sherwood, P; Siroli, G P; Sittler, A; Skuja, A; Smith, A M; Snow, G A; Sobie, Randall J; Söldner-Rembold, S; Spagnolo, S; Sproston, M; Stahl, A; Stephens, K; Steuerer, J; Stoll, K; Strom, D; Ströhmer, R; Surrow, B; Talbot, S D; Taras, P; Tarem, S; Teuscher, R; Thiergen, M; Thomas, J; Thomson, M A; Torrence, E; Towers, S; Trigger, I; Trócsányi, Z L; Tsur, E; Turner-Watson, M F; Ueda, I; Van Kooten, R; Vannerem, P; Verzocchi, M; Voss, H; Wäckerle, F; Wagner, A; Ward, C P; Ward, D R; Watkins, P M; Watson, A T; Watson, N K; Wells, P S; Wermes, N; Wetterling, D; White, J S; Wilson, G W; Wilson, J A; Wyatt, T R; Yamashita, S; Zacek, V; Zer-Zion, D
1999-01-01
We present a test of the flavour independence of the strong coupling constant for charm and bottom quarks with respect to light (uds) quarks, based on a hadronic event sample obtained with the OPAL detector at LEP. Five observables related to global event shapes were used to measure alpha_s in three flavour tagged samples (uds, c and b). The event shape distributions were fitted by Order(alpha_s**2) calculations of jet production taking into account mass effects for the c and b quarks. We find: = 0.997 +- 0.038(stat.) +- 0.030(syst.) +- 0.012(theory) and = 0.993 +- 0.008(stat.) +- 0.006(syst.) +- 0.011(theory) for the ratios alpha_s(charm)/alpha_s(uds) and alpha_s(b)/alpha_s(uds) respectively.
Kelkar, Aniruddha V; Franses, Elias I; Corti, David S
2014-04-08
Brownian aggregation in concentrated hard-sphere dispersions is studied using models and Brownian dynamics (BD) simulations. Two new theoretical models are presented and compared to several existing approaches and BD simulation results, which serve as benchmarks. The first new model is an improvement over an existing local density approximation (LDA)-based model. The other is based on the more rigorous Fundamental measure theory (FMT) applied to the "liquid-state" dynamic density-functional theory (DDFT). Both models provide significant improvements over the classical Smoluchowski model. The predictions of the new FM-DDFT-based model for aggregation kinetics are in excellent agreement with BD simulation results for dispersions with initial particle volume fractions, ϕ, up to 0.35 (close to the hard-sphere freezing transition at ϕ = 0.494). In contrast to previous approaches, the nonideal particle diffusion effects and the initial and time-dependent short-range ordering in concentrated dispersions due to entropic packing effects are explicitly considered here, in addition to the unsteady-state effects. The greater accuracy of the FM-DDFT-based model compared to that of the LDA-based models indicates that nonlocal contributions to particle diffusion (only accounted for in the former) play important roles in aggregation. At high concentrations, the FM-DDFT-based model predicts aggregation half-times and gelation times that are up to 2 orders of magnitude shorter than those of the Smoluchowski model. Moreover, the FM-DDFT-based model predicts asymmetric cluster-cluster aggregation rate constants, at least for short times. Overall, a rigorous mechanistic understanding of the enhancement of aggregation kinetics in concentrated dispersions is provided.
Campbell, Kieran R.
2016-01-01
Single cell gene expression profiling can be used to quantify transcriptional dynamics in temporal processes, such as cell differentiation, using computational methods to label each cell with a ‘pseudotime’ where true time series experimentation is too difficult to perform. However, owing to the high variability in gene expression between individual cells, there is an inherent uncertainty in the precise temporal ordering of the cells. Pre-existing methods for pseudotime estimation have predominantly given point estimates precluding a rigorous analysis of the implications of uncertainty. We use probabilistic modelling techniques to quantify pseudotime uncertainty and propagate this into downstream differential expression analysis. We demonstrate that reliance on a point estimate of pseudotime can lead to inflated false discovery rates and that probabilistic approaches provide greater robustness and measures of the temporal resolution that can be obtained from pseudotime inference. PMID:27870852
Nonparametric Cointegration Analysis of Fractional Systems With Unknown Integration Orders
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Nielsen, Morten Ørregaard
2009-01-01
In this paper a nonparametric variance ratio testing approach is proposed for determining the number of cointegrating relations in fractionally integrated systems. The test statistic is easily calculated without prior knowledge of the integration order of the data, the strength of the cointegrating...
Analysis of Caputo Impulsive Fractional Order Differential Equations with Applications
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Lakshman Mahto
2013-01-01
Full Text Available We use Sadovskii's fixed point method to investigate the existence and uniqueness of solutions of Caputo impulsive fractional differential equations of order with one example of impulsive logistic model and few other examples as well. We also discuss Caputo impulsive fractional differential equations with finite delay. The results proven are new and compliment the existing one.
Analysis of Caputo impulsive fractional order differential equations with applications
Mahto, Lakshman; Favini, Angelo
2012-01-01
We use Sadavoskii's fixed point method to investigate the existence and uniqueness of solutions of Caputo impulsive fractional differential equations of order \\alpha between 0 and 1 with one example of impulsive logistic model and few other examples as well. We also discuss Caputo impulsive fractional differential equations with finite delay. The results proven are new and complement the existing one.
Comparative analysis of using natural and radiogenic lead as heat-transfer agent in fast reactors
Laas, R. A.; Gizbrekht, R. V.; Komarov, P. A.; Nesterov, V. N.
2016-06-01
Fast reactors with lead coolant have several advantages over analogues. Performance can be further improved by replacement of natural composition lead with radiogenic one. Thus, two main issues need to be addressed: induced radioactivity in coolant and efficient neutron multiplication factor in the core will be changed and need to be estimated. To address these issues analysis of the scheme of the nuclear transformations in the lead heat-transfer agent in the process of radiation was carried out. Induced radioactivity of radiogenic and natural lead has been studied. It is shown that replacement of lead affects multiplication factor in a certain way. Application of radiogenic lead can significantly affect reactor operation.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Arvesen, Anders, E-mail: anders.arvesen@ntnu.no [Industrial Ecology Programme and Department of Energy and Process Engineering, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim NO-7491 (Norway); Bright, Ryan M.; Hertwich, Edgar G. [Industrial Ecology Programme and Department of Energy and Process Engineering, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim NO-7491 (Norway)
2011-11-15
This article challenges the notion that energy efficiency and 'clean' energy technologies can deliver sufficient degrees of climate change mitigation. By six arguments not widely recognized in the climate policy arena, we argue that unrealistic technology optimism exists in current climate change mitigation assessments, and, consequently, world energy and climate policy. The overarching theme of the arguments is that incomplete knowledge of indirect effects, and neglect of interactions between parts of physical and social sub-systems, systematically leads to overly optimistic assessments. Society must likely seek deeper changes in social and economic structures to preserve the climatic conditions to which the human civilization is adapted. We call for priority to be given to research evaluating aspects of mitigation in a broad, system-wide perspective. - Highlights: > We highlight some of the simplifying assumptions in climate change mitigation scenarios. > Mitigation assessments are the basis of unfounded technology optimism in climate policy. > Society must likely seek deeper changes in social and economic structures to stabilize climate.
GORAN M. NIKOLIC; BILJANA M. KALICANIN; RUZICA S. NIKOLIC
2004-01-01
Potentiometric stipping analysis (PSA) was applied for the determination of lead and cadmium leaching from dental prosthetic materials and teeth. The soluble lead content in finished dental implants was found to be much lower than that of the individual components used for their preparation. Cadmium was not detected in dental implants and materials under the defined conditions. The soluble lead and cadmium content of teeth was slightly lower than the lead and cadmium content in whole teeth (w...
Standard model Wilson coefficients for c → ul{sup +}l{sup -} transitions at next-to-leading order
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Boer, Stefan de [TU Dortmund (Germany); Mueller, Bastian; Seidel, Dirk [Uni Siegen (Germany)
2016-07-01
The standard theoretical framework to deal with exclusive, weak decays of heavy mesons is the so-called weak effective Hamiltonian. It involves the short-distance Wilson coefficients, which depend on the renormalization scale μ. For specific calculations one has to evolve the Wilson coefficients down from the electroweak scale μ{sub W} to the typical mass scale of the decay under consideration. This is done by solving a renormalization group equation for the effective operator basis. In this talk the results of a consistent two-step running of the c → ul{sup +}l{sup -} Wilson coefficients are presented. This running involves the intermediate scale μ{sub b} (with μ{sub W} > μ{sub b} > μ{sub c}) where the bottom quark is integrated out. All the matching coefficients and anomalous dimensions are taken to the required order by generalizing and extending results from b → s or s → d transitions available in the literature.
Analysis of Multiple Partially Ordered Responses to Belief Items with Don't Know Option.
Ip, Edward H; Chen, Shyh-Huei; Quandt, Sara A
2016-06-01
Understanding beliefs, values, and preferences of patients is a tenet of contemporary health sciences. This application was motivated by the analysis of multiple partially ordered set (poset) responses from an inventory on layman beliefs about diabetes. The partially ordered set arises because of two features in the data-first, the response options contain a Don't Know (DK) option, and second, there were two consecutive occasions of measurement. As predicted by the common sense model of illness, beliefs about diabetes were not necessarily stable across the two measurement occasions. Instead of analyzing the two occasions separately, we studied the joint responses across the occasions as a poset response. Few analytic methods exist for data structures other than ordered or nominal categories. Poset responses are routinely collapsed and then analyzed as either rank ordered or nominal data, leading to the loss of nuanced information that might be present within poset categories. In this paper we developed a general class of item response models for analyzing the poset data collected from the Common Sense Model of Diabetes Inventory. The inferential object of interest is the latent trait that indicates congruence of belief with the biomedical model. To apply an item response model to the poset diabetes inventory, we proved that a simple coding algorithm circumvents the requirement of writing new codes such that standard IRT software could be directly used for the purpose of item estimation and individual scoring. Simulation experiments were used to examine parameter recovery for the proposed poset model.
PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS OF SECOND-ORDER STATISTICS FOR CYCLOSTATIONARY SIGNALS
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
姜鸣; 陈进
2002-01-01
The second-order statistics for cyclostationary signals were introduced, and their performance were discussed. It especially researched the time lag characteristic of the cyclic autocorrelation function and spectral correlation characteristic of spectral correlation density function. It was pointed out that those functions can be available to extract the time-vary information of the kind of non-stationary signals. Using the relations of time lag-cyclic frequency and frequency-cyclic frequency independently, vibration signals of a rolling element bearing measured on test bed were analyzed. The results indicate that the second-order cyclostationary statistics might provide a powerful tool for the feature extracting and fault diagnosis of rolling element bearing.
Higher order mode analysis of the SPL cavities
Schuh, M; Tuckmantel, J; Welsch, CP
2010-01-01
Higher Order Modes (HOMs) can severely limit the operation of superconducting cavities in a linac with high beam current, high duty factor and complex pulse structure. The full HOM spectrum has to be analyzed in order to identify potentially dangerous modes already during the design phase and to define their damping requirements. For this purpose a dedicated beam simulation code focused on beam-HOMinteraction was developed, taking into account important effects like the HOMfrequency spread, beam input jitter, different chopping patterns, as well as klystron and alignment errors. Here, the code is used to investigate in detail the HOM properties of the cavities foreseen in the Superconducting Proton Linac (SPL) at CERN and their potential to drive beam instabilities. Special attention is given to HOM excitation by chopped pulses with high repetition rate.
Analysis Of Transport Properties of Mechanically Alloyed Lead Tin Telluride
Krishna, Rajalakshmi
these inclusions would not be less than that expected in alloys without these inclusions while the portion of the thermal conductivity that is not due to charge carriers (the lattice thermal conductivity) would be less than what would be expected from alloys that do not have these inclusions. Furthermore, it would be possible to approximate the observed changes in the electrical and thermal transport properties using existing physical models for the scattering of electrons and phonons by small inclusions. The approach taken to investigate this hypothesis was to first experimentally characterize the mobile carrier concentration at room temperature along with the extent and type of secondary phase inclusions present in a series of three mechanically alloyed Pb1-xSnxTe alloys with different Sn content. Second, the physically based computational model was developed. This model was used to determine what the electronic conductivity, Seebeck coefficient, total thermal conductivity, and the portion of the thermal conductivity not due to mobile charge carriers would be in these particular Pb1-x SnxTe alloys if there were to be no secondary phase inclusions. Third, the electronic conductivity, Seebeck coecient and total thermal conductivity was experimentally measured for these three alloys with inclusions present at elevated temperatures. The model predictions for electrical conductivity and Seebeck coefficient were directly compared to the experimental elevated temperature electrical transport measurements. The computational model was then used to extract the lattice thermal conductivity from the experimentally measured total thermal conductivity. This lattice thermal conductivity was then compared to what would be expected from the alloys in the absence of secondary phase inclusions. Secondary phase inclusions were determined by X-ray diraction analysis to be present in all three alloys to a varying extent. The inclusions were found not to significantly degrade electrical
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Finkelstein, Myra E., E-mail: myraf@ucsc.edu [Microbiology and Environmental Toxicology Department, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States); Kuspa, Zeka E. [Microbiology and Environmental Toxicology Department, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States); Welch, Alacia [National Park Service, Pinnacles National Park, 5000 Highway 146, Paicines, CA 95043 (United States); Eng, Curtis; Clark, Michael [Los Angeles Zoo and Botanical Gardens, 5333 Zoo Drive, Los Angeles, CA 90027 (United States); Burnett, Joseph [Ventana Wildlife Society, 19045 Portola Dr. Ste. F-1, Salinas, CA 93908 (United States); Smith, Donald R. [Microbiology and Environmental Toxicology Department, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States)
2014-10-15
Lead poisoning is preventing the recovery of the critically endangered California condor (Gymnogyps californianus) and lead isotope analyses have demonstrated that ingestion of spent lead ammunition is the principal source of lead poisoning in condors. Over an 8 month period in 2009, three lead-poisoned condors were independently presented with birdshot embedded in their tissues, evidencing they had been shot. No information connecting these illegal shooting events existed and the timing of the shooting(s) was unknown. Using lead concentration and stable lead isotope analyses of feathers, blood, and recovered birdshot, we observed that: i) lead isotope ratios of embedded shot from all three birds were measurably indistinguishable from each other, suggesting a common source; ii) lead exposure histories re-constructed from feather analysis suggested that the shooting(s) occurred within the same timeframe; and iii) two of the three condors were lead poisoned from a lead source isotopically indistinguishable from the embedded birdshot, implicating ingestion of this type of birdshot as the source of poisoning. One of the condors was subsequently lead poisoned the following year from ingestion of a lead buckshot (blood lead 556 µg/dL), illustrating that ingested shot possess a substantially greater lead poisoning risk compared to embedded shot retained in tissue (blood lead ∼20 µg/dL). To our knowledge, this is the first study to use lead isotopes as a tool to retrospectively link wildlife shooting events. - Highlights: • We conducted a case-based analysis of illegal shootings of California condors. • Blood and feather Pb isotopes were used to reconstruct the illegal shooting events. • Embedded birdshot from the three condors had the same Pb isotope ratios. • Feather and blood Pb isotopes indicated that the condors were shot in a common event. • Ingested shot causes substantially greater lead exposure compared to embedded shot.
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
D K Choudhury; P K Sahariah
2005-08-01
At low , an analytic solution of the DGLAP equation for gluon in the next-to-leading order (NLO) is obtained by applying the method of characteristics. Its compatibility with double leading logarithmic approximation (DLLA) asymptotics is discussed and comparison with the exact ones like GRV98NLO is made. The solution is then utilized to calculate the derivatives $\\dfrac{ 2 (x, 2)}{ {\\text{ln}} 2}$ and $\\dfrac{ {\\text{ln}} 2 (x, 2)}{ {\\text{ln}} (1/x)}$ and compared with the recent HERA data. Our solution is found to reproduce most of the essential features of the data on the derivatives.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Biekoetter, Thomas; Klasen, Michael [Muenster Univ. (Germany). Institut fuer Theoretische Physik; Kramer, Gustav [Hamburg Univ. (Germany). 2. Institut fuer Theoretische Physik
2015-09-15
We present the first calculation of inclusive jet production in deep-inelastic scattering with approximate next-to-next-to-leading order (aNNLO) contributions, obtained from a unified threshold resummation formalism. The leading coefficients are computed analytically. We show that the aNNLO contributions reduce the theoretical prediction for jet production in deep-inelastic scattering, improve the description of the final HERA data in particular at high photon virtuality Q{sup 2} and increase the central fit value of the strong coupling constant.
Biekötter, Thomas; Klasen, Michael; Kramer, Gustav
2015-10-01
We present the first calculation of inclusive jet production in deep-inelastic scattering with approximate next-to-next-to-leading order (aNNLO) contributions, obtained from a unified threshold resummation formalism. The leading coefficients are computed analytically. We show that the aNNLO contributions reduce the theoretical prediction for jet production in deep-inelastic scattering, improve the description of the final HERA data in particular at high photon virtuality Q2 and increase the central fit value of the strong coupling constant.
Asymptotic analysis of perturbed dust cosmologies to second order
Uggla, Claes
2013-01-01
Nonlinear perturbations of Friedmann-Lemaitre cosmologies with dust and a positive cosmological constant have recently attracted considerable attention. In this paper our first goal is to compare the evolution of the first and second order perturbations by determining their asymptotic behaviour at late times in ever-expanding models. We show that in the presence of spatial curvature K or a positive cosmological constant, the density perturbation approaches a finite limit both to first and second order, but the rate of approach depends on the model, being power law in the scale factor if the cosmological constant is positive but logarithmic if it is zero and and K<0. Scalar perturbations in general contain a growing and a decaying mode. We find, somewhat surprisingly, that if the cosmological constant is positive the decaying mode does not die away, i.e. it contributes on an equal footing as the growing mode to the asymptotic expression for the density perturbation. On the other hand, the future asymptotic ...
van Deurzen, H; Luisoni, G; Mastrolia, P; Mirabella, E; Ossola, G; Peraro, T
2013-10-25
We present the calculation of the cross section for Higgs boson production in association with a top quark pair plus one jet, at next-to-leading-order accuracy in QCD. All mass dependence is retained without recurring to any approximation. After including the complete next-to-leading-order QCD corrections, we observe a strong reduction in the scale dependence of the result. We also show distributions for the invariant mass of the top quark pair, with and without the additional jet, and for the transverse momentum and the pseudorapidity of the Higgs boson. Results for the virtual contributions are obtained with a novel reduction approach based on integrand decomposition via the Laurent expansion, as implemented in the library, NINJA. Cross sections and differential distributions are obtained with an automated setup which combines the GOSAM and SHERPA frameworks.
Bevilacqua, G; Hartanto, H B; Kraus, M; Worek, M
2016-02-05
We present a complete description of top quark pair production in association with a jet in the dilepton channel. Our calculation is accurate to next-to-leading order (NLO) in QCD and includes all nonresonant diagrams, interferences, and off-shell effects of the top quark. Moreover, nonresonant and off-shell effects due to the finite W gauge boson width are taken into account. This calculation constitutes the first fully realistic NLO computation for top quark pair production with a final state jet in hadronic collisions. Numerical results for differential distributions as well as total cross sections are presented for the Large Hadron Collider at 8 TeV. With our inclusive cuts, NLO predictions reduce the unphysical scale dependence by more than a factor of 3 and lower the total rate by about 13% compared to leading-order QCD predictions. In addition, the size of the top quark off-shell effects is estimated to be below 2%.
Dimensionality Assessment of Ordered Polytomous Items With Parallel Analysis
Timmerman, Marieke E.; Lorenzo-Seva, Urbano
2011-01-01
Parallel analysis (PA) is an often-recommended approach for assessment of the dimensionality of a variable set. PA is known in different variants, which may yield different dimensionality indications. In this article, the authors considered the most appropriate PA procedure to assess the number of c
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Baysal, Asli; Tokman, Nilgun [Istanbul Technical University, Faculty of Science and Letters, Department of Chemistry, 34469 Maslak-Istanbul (Turkey); Akman, Suleyman [Istanbul Technical University, Faculty of Science and Letters, Department of Chemistry, 34469 Maslak-Istanbul (Turkey)], E-mail: akmans@itu.edu.tr; Ozeroglu, Cemal [Istanbul University, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Engineering, 34320 Avcilar-Istanbul (Turkey)
2008-02-11
In this study, in order to eliminate the drawbacks of elution step and to reach higher enrichment factors, a novel preconcentration/separation technique for the slurry analysis of sorbent loaded with lead prior to its determination by electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry was described. For this purpose, at first, lead was collected on ethylene glycol dimethacrylate methacrylic acid copolymer (EGDMA-MA) treated with ammonium pyrolidine dithiocarbamate (APDC) by conventional batch technique. After separation of liquid phase, slurry of the sorbent was prepared and directly pipetted into graphite furnace of atomic absorption spectrophotometer. Optimum conditions for quantitative sorption and preparation of the slurry were investigated. A 100-fold enrichment factor could be easily reached. The analyte element in certified sea-water and Bovine-liver samples was determined in the range of 95% confidence level. The proposed technique was fast and simple and the risks of contamination and analyte loss were low. Detection limit (3{delta}) for Pb was 1.67 {mu}g l{sup -1}.
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
U Jamil; J K Sarma
2008-09-01
Evolution of gluon distribution function from Dokshitzer–Gribov–Lipatov–Altarelli–Parisi (DGLAP) evolution equation in next-to-leading order (NLO) at low- is presented assuming the Regge behaviour of quark and gluon at this limit. We compare our results of gluon distribution function with MRST2004, GRV98LO and GRV98NLO parametrizations and show the compatibility of Regge behaviour of quark and gluon distribution functions with perturbative quantum chromodynamics (PQCD) at low-.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kniehl, B.A.; Kotikov, A.V.; Merebashvili, Z.V.; Veretin, O.L. [Hamburg Univ. (Germany). 2. Inst. fuer Theoretische Physik
2009-05-15
We consider the production of heavy-quark pairs in the collisions of polarized and unpolarized on-shell photons and present, in analytic form, the fully integrated total cross sections for total photon spins J{sub z}=0,{+-}2 at next-to-leading-order in QCD. Phenomenological applications include b anti b production, which represents an irreducible background to standard-model intermediate-mass Higgs-boson production, as well as t anti t production. (orig.)
The Fault tree analysis of the lead acid battery’s degradation
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
K. BRIK
2008-06-01
Full Text Available In this paper the authors present an approach of reliability to analyze lead-acid battery’s degradation. The construction of causal tree analysis offers a framework privileged to the deductive analysis which consists in seeking the various possible combinations of events leading to the loss of batteries capacity. The description of the causality chain is completed by a fault tree analysis (FTA established from the equivalent electric circuit of battery.
The Fault tree analysis of the lead acid battery’s degradation
K. BRIK; F. BEN AMMAR
2008-01-01
In this paper the authors present an approach of reliability to analyze lead-acid battery’s degradation. The construction of causal tree analysis offers a framework privileged to the deductive analysis which consists in seeking the various possible combinations of events leading to the loss of batteries capacity. The description of the causality chain is completed by a fault tree analysis (FTA) established from the equivalent electric circuit of battery.
Blood, urine, and hair kinetic analysis following an acute lead intoxication.
Ho, G; Keutgens, A; Schoofs, R; Kotolenko, S; Denooz, R; Charlier, C
2011-01-01
A case of lead exposure resulting from the accidental ingestion of a lead-containing solution is reported. Because of clinical management rapidly performed through chelation therapy by 2,3-dimercaptopropane sulfonate sodium and meso-2,3-dimercaptosuccinic acid, blood lead levels of this 51-year-old patient were moderate (412.9 μg/L) and no clinical symptoms were observed. Numerous blood and urine samples were collected for kinetic analysis of lead elimination. However, we report the first case in which hair samples were analyzed to determine the excretion level of lead after acute intoxication.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Budtz-Jørgensen, Esben; Bellinger, David; Lanphear, Bruce;
2013-01-01
Lead is a recognized neurotoxicant, but estimating effects at the lowest measurable levels is difficult. An international pooled analysis of data from seven cohort studies reported an inverse and supra-linear relationship between blood lead concentrations and IQ scores in children. The lack...... yielding lower confidence limits (BMDLs) of about 0.1-1.0 for the dose leading to a loss of one IQ point. We conclude that current allowable blood lead concentrations need to be lowered and further prevention efforts are needed to protect children from lead toxicity....
Stromatoporoid biometrics using image analysis software: A first order approach
Wolniewicz, Pawel
2010-04-01
Strommetric is a new image analysis computer program that performs morphometric measurements of stromatoporoid sponges. The program measures 15 features of skeletal elements (pillars and laminae) visible in both longitudinal and transverse thin sections. The software is implemented in C++, using the Open Computer Vision (OpenCV) library. The image analysis system distinguishes skeletal elements from sparry calcite using Otsu's method for image thresholding. More than 150 photos of thin sections were used as a test set, from which 36,159 measurements were obtained. The software provided about one hundred times more data than the current method applied until now. The data obtained are reproducible, even if the work is repeated by different workers. Thus the method makes the biometric studies of stromatoporoids objective.
Selection of higher order regression models in the analysis of multi-factorial transcription data.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Olivia Prazeres da Costa
Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Many studies examine gene expression data that has been obtained under the influence of multiple factors, such as genetic background, environmental conditions, or exposure to diseases. The interplay of multiple factors may lead to effect modification and confounding. Higher order linear regression models can account for these effects. We present a new methodology for linear model selection and apply it to microarray data of bone marrow-derived macrophages. This experiment investigates the influence of three variable factors: the genetic background of the mice from which the macrophages were obtained, Yersinia enterocolitica infection (two strains, and a mock control, and treatment/non-treatment with interferon-γ. RESULTS: We set up four different linear regression models in a hierarchical order. We introduce the eruption plot as a new practical tool for model selection complementary to global testing. It visually compares the size and significance of effect estimates between two nested models. Using this methodology we were able to select the most appropriate model by keeping only relevant factors showing additional explanatory power. Application to experimental data allowed us to qualify the interaction of factors as either neutral (no interaction, alleviating (co-occurring effects are weaker than expected from the single effects, or aggravating (stronger than expected. We find a biologically meaningful gene cluster of putative C2TA target genes that appear to be co-regulated with MHC class II genes. CONCLUSIONS: We introduced the eruption plot as a tool for visual model comparison to identify relevant higher order interactions in the analysis of expression data obtained under the influence of multiple factors. We conclude that model selection in higher order linear regression models should generally be performed for the analysis of multi-factorial microarray data.
Higher-order web link analysis using multilinear algebra.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kenny, Joseph P.; Bader, Brett William (Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM); Kolda, Tamara Gibson
2005-07-01
Linear algebra is a powerful and proven tool in web search. Techniques, such as the PageRank algorithm of Brin and Page and the HITS algorithm of Kleinberg, score web pages based on the principal eigenvector (or singular vector) of a particular non-negative matrix that captures the hyperlink structure of the web graph. We propose and test a new methodology that uses multilinear algebra to elicit more information from a higher-order representation of the hyperlink graph. We start by labeling the edges in our graph with the anchor text of the hyperlinks so that the associated linear algebra representation is a sparse, three-way tensor. The first two dimensions of the tensor represent the web pages while the third dimension adds the anchor text. We then use the rank-1 factors of a multilinear PARAFAC tensor decomposition, which are akin to singular vectors of the SVD, to automatically identify topics in the collection along with the associated authoritative web pages.
Quantum-orbit analysis of high-order harmonic generation by resonant plasmon field enhancement
Shaaran, T; Lewenstein, M
2012-01-01
We perform a detailed analysis of high-order harmonic generation (HHG) in atoms within the strong field approximation (SFA) by considering spatially inhomogeneous monochromatic laser fields. We investigate how the individual pairs of quantum orbits contribute to the harmonic spectra. We show that in the case of inhomogeneous fields, the electron tunnels with two different canonical momenta. One of them leads to a higher cutoff and the other one develops a lower cutoff. Furthermore, we demonstrate that the quantum orbits have a very different behavior in comparison to the homogeneous field. We also conclude that in the case of the inhomogeneous fields, both odd and even harmonics are present in the HHG spectra. Within our model, we show that the HHG cutoff extends far beyond the semiclassical cutoff as a function of inhomogeneity strength. Our findings are in good agreement both with quantum mechanical and classical models.
Improved compositional analysis of block copolymers using diffusion ordered NMR spectroscopy.
Viel, Stéphane; Mazarin, Michaël; Giordanengo, Rémi; Phan, Trang N T; Charles, Laurence; Caldarelli, Stefano; Bertin, Denis
2009-11-03
Block copolymers constitute a fascinating class of polymeric materials that are used in a broad range of applications. The performance of these materials is highly coupled to the physical and chemical properties of the constituting block copolymers. Traditionally, the composition of block copolymers is obtained by 1H NMR spectroscopy on purified copolymer fractions. Specifically, the integrals of a properly selected set of 1H resonances are compared and used to infer the number average molecular weight (M(n)) of one of the block from the (typically known) M(n) value of the other. As a corollary, compositional determinations achieved on imperfectly purified samples lead to serious errors, especially when isolation of the block copolymer from the initial macro initiator is tedious. This investigation shows that Diffusion Ordered NMR Spectroscopy (DOSY) can be used to provide a way to assess the advancement degree of the copolymerization purification/reaction, in order to optimize it and hence contribute to an improved compositional analysis of the resulting copolymer. To this purpose, a series of amphiphilic polystyrene-b-poly(ethylene oxide) block copolymers, obtained by controlled free-radical nitroxide mediated polymerization, were analyzed and it is shown that, under proper experimental conditions, DOSY allows for an improved compositional analysis of these block copolymers.
Passivity analysis of higher order evolutionary dynamics and population games
Mabrok, Mohamed
2017-01-05
Evolutionary dynamics describe how the population composition changes in response to the fitness levels, resulting in a closed-loop feedback system. Recent work established a connection between passivity theory and certain classes of population games, namely so-called “stable games”. In particular, it was shown that a combination of stable games and (an analogue of) passive evolutionary dynamics results in stable convergence to Nash equilibrium. This paper considers the converse question of necessary conditions for evolutionary dynamics to exhibit stable behaviors for all generalized stable games. Using methods from robust control analysis, we show that if an evolutionary dynamic does not satisfy a passivity property, then it is possible to construct a generalized stable game that results in instability. The results are illustrated on selected evolutionary dynamics with particular attention to replicator dynamics, which are also shown to be lossless, a special class of passive systems.
Reduced order models for thermal analysis : final report : LDRD Project No. 137807.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Hogan, Roy E., Jr.; Gartling, David K.
2010-09-01
This LDRD Senior's Council Project is focused on the development, implementation and evaluation of Reduced Order Models (ROM) for application in the thermal analysis of complex engineering problems. Two basic approaches to developing a ROM for combined thermal conduction and enclosure radiation problems are considered. As a prerequisite to a ROM a fully coupled solution method for conduction/radiation models is required; a parallel implementation is explored for this class of problems. High-fidelity models of large, complex systems are now used routinely to verify design and performance. However, there are applications where the high-fidelity model is too large to be used repetitively in a design mode. One such application is the design of a control system that oversees the functioning of the complex, high-fidelity model. Examples include control systems for manufacturing processes such as brazing and annealing furnaces as well as control systems for the thermal management of optical systems. A reduced order model (ROM) seeks to reduce the number of degrees of freedom needed to represent the overall behavior of the large system without a significant loss in accuracy. The reduction in the number of degrees of freedom of the ROM leads to immediate increases in computational efficiency and allows many design parameters and perturbations to be quickly and effectively evaluated. Reduced order models are routinely used in solid mechanics where techniques such as modal analysis have reached a high state of refinement. Similar techniques have recently been applied in standard thermal conduction problems e.g. though the general use of ROM for heat transfer is not yet widespread. One major difficulty with the development of ROM for general thermal analysis is the need to include the very nonlinear effects of enclosure radiation in many applications. Many ROM methods have considered only linear or mildly nonlinear problems. In the present study a reduced order model is
Khanpour, Hamzeh; Mirjalili, Abolfazl; Tehrani, S. Atashbar
2017-03-01
An analytical solution based on the Laplace transformation technique for the Dokshitzer-Gribov-Lipatov-Altarelli-Parisi (DGLAP) evolution equations is presented at next-to-leading order accuracy in perturbative QCD. This technique is also applied to extract the analytical solution for the proton structure function, F2p(x ,Q2) , in the Laplace s space. We present the results for the separate parton distributions of all parton species, including valence quark densities, the antiquark and strange sea parton distribution functions (PDFs), and the gluon distribution. We successfully compare the obtained parton distribution functions and the proton structure function with the results from GJR08 [Gluck, Jimenez-Delgado, and Reya, Eur. Phys. J. C 53, 355 (2008)], 10.1140/epjc/s10052-007-0462-9 and KKT12 [Khanpour, Khorramian, and Tehrani, J. Phys. G 40, 045002 (2013)], 10.1088/0954-3899/40/4/045002 parametrization models as well as the x -space results using QCDnum code. Our calculations show a very good agreement with the available theoretical models as well as the deep inelastic scattering (DIS) experimental data throughout the small and large values of x . The use of our analytical solution to extract the parton densities and the proton structure function is discussed in detail to justify the analysis method, considering the accuracy and speed of calculations. Overall, the accuracy we obtain from the analytical solution using the inverse Laplace transform technique is found to be better than 1 part in 104 to 105. We also present a detailed QCD analysis of nonsinglet structure functions using all available DIS data to perform global QCD fits. In this regard we employ the Jacobi polynomial approach to convert the results from Laplace s space to Bjorken x space. The extracted valence quark densities are also presented and compared to the JR14, MMHT14, NNPDF, and CJ15 PDFs sets. We evaluate the numerical effects of target mass corrections (TMCs) and higher twist (HT) terms
Recovering lead from cupel waste generated in gold analysis by Pb-Fire assay.
Cerceau, Cristiane Isaac; Carvalho, Cornélio de Freitas; Rabelo, Ana Carolina Silveira; Dos Santos, Cláudio Gouvea; Gonçalves, Sabrina Mayra Dias; Varejão, Eduardo Vinícius Vieira
2016-12-01
Because of its precision and accuracy, Pb-Fire assay is the most employed method for gold analysis in geological materials. At the second stage of the method, namely cupellation, lead is oxidized to PbO which is absorbed by the cupel, leading to metallic gold as a tiny bend at the bottom of the recipient. After cupellation, cupel becomes highly contaminated with lead, making its disposal a serious risk of environmental contamination. In the present work, a leaching process for removing lead from cupel waste is proposed, which allowed for removing 96% of PbO by weight. After a precipitation step, 92.0% of lead was recovered from leachates in the form of PbSO4. Lead in the solid wastes left by the extraction was above the limit established by Brazilian legislation and these were classified as non-hazardous. Finally, secondary effluents generated after the precipitation step presented lead content more than twenty times lower than that of leachates from cupel waste. Tons of cupel waste are annually generated from gold analysis by Pb-Fire assay. Thus, the proposed method can contribute to prevent the discharge of high amounts of lead into the environment. Also, recovery of lead can help to partially meet the industrial demand for lead compounds.
Sanchez, David Garcia; Musy, Marjorie; Bourges, Bernard
2012-01-01
Sensitivity analysis plays an important role in the understanding of complex models. It helps to identify influence of input parameters in relation to the outputs. It can be also a tool to understand the behavior of the model and then can help in its development stage. This study aims to analyze and illustrate the potential usefulness of combining first and second-order sensitivity analysis, applied to a building energy model (ESP-r). Through the example of a collective building, a sensitivity analysis is performed using the method of elementary effects (also known as Morris method), including an analysis of interactions between the input parameters (second order analysis). Importance of higher-order analysis to better support the results of first order analysis, highlighted especially in such complex model. Several aspects are tackled to implement efficiently the multi-order sensitivity analysis: interval size of the variables, management of non-linearity, usefulness of various outputs.
Affordability analysis of lead emission controls for a smelter-refinery. Final report
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Scherer, T.M.
1989-10-01
This document evaluates the affordability and economic impact of additional control measures deemed necessary for a smelter-refinery to meet the lead emission standard. The emphasis in the analysis is on the impact of control costs on the smelter-refinery's profitability. The analysis was performed using control-cost data from two different lead-smelter studies in conjunction with other existing industry data.
Nejad, S Mohammad Moosavi
2016-01-01
We study the scaled-energy ( x_B) distribution of bottom-flavored mesons (B) inclusively produced in polarized top quark decays at next-to-leading order in the two-Higgs-doublet model. To study the energy spectrum of B-mesons we present, for the first time, an analytical expression for the NLO corrections to the partial decay width t(\\uparrow)-> H^+b taking the H^+ boson to be stable. Specifically, we study the effect of gluon fragmentation which leads to an appreciable reduction in the partial decay width at low values of x_B. To describe both the b-quark and the gluon hadronization we apply fragmentation functions extracted through a global fit to e^+e^- data from CERN LEP1 and SLAC SLC exploiting their universality and scaling violations.
Feijoo, A; Ramos, A
2015-01-01
The meson-baryon interaction in s-wave in the strangeness S=-1 sector has been studied, employing a chiral SU(3) Lagrangian up to next-to-leading order (NLO) and implementing unitarization in coupled channels. The parameters of the Lagrangian have been fitted to a large set of experimental data in different two-body channels, paying special attention to the $\\bar{K} N \\rightarrow K \\Xi$ reaction, which is particularly sensitive to the NLO terms. With the aim of improving the model in the $K\\Xi$ production channels, effects of the high spin hyperon resonances $\\Sigma(2030)$ and $\\Sigma(2250)$ have been taken into account phenomenologically.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
G.R. Boroun; B. Rezaie
2007-01-01
We present the calculations of FL longitudinal structure functions from DGLAP evolution equation in leading order (LO) at low-x, assuming the Regge-like behaviour of gluon distribution at this limit. The calculated results are compared with the HI data and QCD fit. It is shown that the obtained results are very close to the mentioned methods. The proposed simple analytical relation for FL provides a t-evolution equation for the determination of the longitudinal structure function at low-x. All the results can consistently be described within the framework of perturbative QCD, which essentially shows increases as x decreases.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kniehl, B.A.; Kramer, G. [Hamburg Univ. (Germany). 2. Inst. fuer Theoretische Physik; Schienbein, I. [Univ. Joseph Fourier/CNRS-IN2P3, INPG, Grenoble (France). Lab. de Physique Subatomique et de Cosmologie; Spiesberger, H. [Mainz Univ. (Germany). Inst. fuer Physik
2009-02-15
We discuss the inclusive production of D{sup *{+-}} mesons in {gamma}p collisions at DESY HERA, based on a calculation at next-to-leading order in the general-mass variable-flavor-number scheme. In this approach, MS subtraction is applied in such a way that large logarithmic corrections are resummed in universal parton distribution and fragmentation functions and finite mass terms are taken into account. We present detailed numerical results for a comparison with data obtained at HERA and discuss various sources of theoretical uncertainties. (orig.)
Gong, Bin; Wan, Lu-Ping; Wang, Jian-Xiong; Zhang, Hong-Fei
2014-01-24
Based on the nonrelativistic QCD factorization scheme, we present the first complete next-to-leading-order study on the yield and polarization of Υ(1S,2S,3S) hadroproduction. By using the color-octet long-distance matrix elements obtained from fits of the experimental measurements on Υ yield and polarization at the Tevatron and LHC, our results can explain the measurements on the yield very well, and for the polarizations of Υ(1S,2S,3S), they are in (good, good, bad) agreement with recent CMS measurement, but still have some distance from the CDF measurement.
Li, Hai Tao; Wang, Jian
2017-02-01
To clarify the electroweak symmetry breaking mechanism, we need to probe the Higgs self-couplings, which can be measured in Higgs pair productions. The associated production with a vector boson is special due to a clear tag in the final state. We perform a fully differential next-to-next-to-leading-order calculation of the Higgs pair production in association with a W boson at hadron colliders, and present numerical results at the 14 TeV LHC and a future 100 TeV hadron collider.
Li, Hai Tao
2016-01-01
To clarify the electroweak symmetry breaking mechanism, we need to probe the Higgs self-couplings, which can be measured in Higgs pair productions. The associated production with a vector boson is special due to a clear tag in the final state. We perform a fully differential next-to-next-to-leading-order calculation of the Higgs pair production in association with a $W$ boson at hadron colliders, and present numerical results at the 14 TeV LHC and a future 100 TeV hadron collider.
Thermodynamic Behavior Research Analysis of Twin-roll Casting Lead Alloy Strip Process
Jiang, Chengcan; Rui, Yannian
2017-03-01
The thermodynamic behavior of twin-roll casting (TRC) lead alloy strip process directly affects the forming of the lead strip, the quality of the lead strip and the production efficiency. However, there is little research on the thermodynamics of lead alloy strip at home and abroad. The TRC lead process is studied in four parameters: the pouring temperature of molten lead, the depth of molten pool, the roll casting speed, and the rolling thickness of continuous casting. Firstly, the thermodynamic model for TRC lead process is built. Secondly, the thermodynamic behavior of the TRC process is simulated with the use of Fluent. Through the thermodynamics research and analysis, the process parameters of cast rolling lead strip can be obtained: the pouring temperature of molten lead: 360-400 °C, the depth of molten pool: 250-300 mm, the roll casting speed: 2.5-3 m/min, the rolling thickness: 8-9 mm. Based on the above process parameters, the optimal parameters(the pouring temperature of molten lead: 375-390 °C, the depth of molten pool: 285-300 mm, the roll casting speed: 2.75-3 m/min, the rolling thickness: 8.5-9 mm) can be gained with the use of the orthogonal experiment. Finally, the engineering test of TRC lead alloy strip is carried out and the test proves the thermodynamic model is scientific, necessary and correct. In this paper, a detailed study on the thermodynamic behavior of lead alloy strip is carried out and the process parameters of lead strip forming are obtained through the research, which provide an effective theoretical guide for TRC lead alloy strip process.
Catani, Stefano; Grazzini, Massimiliano
2007-06-01
We consider higher-order QCD corrections to the production of colorless high-mass systems (lepton pairs, vector bosons, Higgs bosons, etc.) in hadron collisions. We propose a new formulation of the subtraction method to numerically compute arbitrary infrared-safe observables for this class of processes. To cancel the infrared divergences, we exploit the universal behavior of the associated transverse-momentum (qT) distributions in the small-qT region. The method is illustrated in general terms up to the next-to-next-to-leading order in QCD perturbation theory. As a first explicit application, we study Higgs-boson production through gluon fusion. Our calculation is implemented in a parton level Monte Carlo program that includes the decay of the Higgs boson into two photons. We present selected numerical results at the CERN Large Hadron Collider.
A geospatial analysis of soil lead concentrations around regional Oklahoma airports.
McCumber, Alexander; Strevett, K A
2017-01-01
Lead has been banned from automobile gasoline since 1995; however, lead is still used as an additive to aviation gasoline (avgas). Airports are now one of the greatest sources of lead air emission in the US. The objectives of this study were (1) to evaluate soil lead levels radially from three regional airports; (2) collect historical meteorological data; (3) examine the soil organic matter content and (4) develop correlation coefficients to evaluate correlations among variables. Soil samples were collected from 3 different airports in Oklahoma and the soil lead concentration was measured using x-ray fluorescence (XRF). The measured soil lead concentrations were plotted with the corresponding GPS location in ArcGIS and Inverse Distance Weight spatial analysis was used to create modeled isopleths of soil lead concentrations. One of the three airports was found to have soil lead concentrations that correlate with soil organic matter with one other showing correlation between soil lead concentration and distance from the airport. The spatial modeled isopleths showed elevated soil lead concentrations in the direction of prevailing winds with "hot spots" near the avgas fueling stations. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Analysis of heart rate variability signal in meditation using second-order difference plot
Goswami, Damodar Prasad; Tibarewala, Dewaki Nandan; Bhattacharya, Dilip Kumar
2011-06-01
In this article, the heart rate variability signal taken from subjects practising different types of meditations have been investigated to find the underlying similarity among them and how they differ from the non-meditative condition. Four different groups of subjects having different meditation techniques are involved. The data have been obtained from the Physionet and also collected with our own ECG machine. For data analysis, the second order difference plot is applied. Each of the plots obtained from the second order differences form a single cluster which is nearly elliptical in shape except for some outliers. In meditation, the axis of the elliptical cluster rotates anticlockwise from the cluster formed from the premeditation data, although the amount of rotation is not of the same extent in every case. This form study reveals definite and specific changes in the heart rate variability of the subjects during meditation. All the four groups of subjects followed different procedures but surprisingly the resulting physiological effect is the same to some extent. It indicates that there is some commonness among all the meditative techniques in spite of their apparent dissimilarity and it may be hoped that each of them leads to the same result as preached by the masters of meditation. The study shows that meditative state has a completely different physiology and that it can be achieved by any meditation technique we have observed. Possible use of this tool in clinical setting such as in stress management and in the treatment of hypertension is also mentioned.
Paas, L.J.; Bijmolt, T.H.A.; Vermunt, J.K.
2004-01-01
A recent development in marketing research concerns the incorporation of dynamics in consumer segmentation.This paper extends the latent class Markov model, a suitable technique for conducting dynamic segmentation, in order to facilitate lead generation.We demonstrate the application of the latent M
Nizic, Bene
1985-12-01
This thesis consists of two unrelated topics in perturbative quantum field theory: eighth order QED contribution to the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon and next to leading order perturbative QCD correction to (gamma)(gamma) ( --->) M('+)M('-)(M = (pi),K). In Part I we present the evaluation of the complete eighth order QED contribution to the difference of the anomalous magnetic moments of the muon and the electron, (a(,(mu)) - a(,e))('(8)), arising from 469 Feynman diagrams. Our result is 140.7(4.5)((alpha)/(pi))('4). The theoretical error represents the estimated accuracy of the required numerical integration. We have also improved the light -by-light QED contribution to (a(,(mu)) - a(,e))('(6)). With these results the difference a(,(mu)) - a(,e) through eighth order in QED is (a(,(mu)) - a(,e))('QED) = 619 551(21) x 10('-11). Adding to the present theoretical value of the electron anomaly a(,e)('QED) = 115 965 246(5) x 10(' -11), we find that the pure QED contribution to the muon anomaly is given by a(,(mu))('QED) = 116 584 797(22) x 10('-11). In Part II we present the results of our calculation of the next to leading order perturbative QCD correction to the two-photon exclusive channels (gamma)(gamma)(-- ->)M('+)M('-)(M = (pi),K) at large momentum transfer. Calculation is performed in the Feynman gauge. Dimensional regularization is used to treat both UV and (//R) divergences. The meson distribution amplitude is taken to be (PHI)(,M)(PROPORTIONAL)('(delta))(x - 1/2). In order to reduce the dependence on the particular choice of (PHI)(,M), similarity of (gamma)(gamma)(--->)M('+)M(' -) and meson electromagnetic form-factor is employed. One loop correction to the (gamma)(gamma)(--->)M('+)M('-) cross section is obtained. In the MS renormalization scheme this correction is found not to be large.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Bélanger Richard R
2010-02-01
Full Text Available Abstract The yeast-like epiphytic fungus Pseudozyma flocculosa is known to antagonize powdery mildew fungi through proliferation on colonies presumably preceded by the release of an antifungal glycolipid (flocculosin. In culture conditions, P. flocculosa can be induced to produce or not flocculosin through manipulation of the culture medium nutrients. In order to characterize and understand the metabolic changes in P. flocculosa linked to glycolipid production, we conducted a 2-DE proteomic analysis and compared the proteomic profile of P. flocculosa growing under conditions favoring the development of the fungus (control or conducive to flocculosin synthesis (stress. A large number of protein spots (771 were detected in protein extracts of the control treatment compared to only 435 matched protein spots in extracts of the stress cultures, which clearly suggests an important metabolic reorganization in slow-growing cells producing flocculosin. From the latter treatment, we were able to identify 21 protein spots that were either specific to the treatment or up-regulated significantly (2-fold increase. All of them were identified based on similarity between predicted ORF of the newly sequenced genome of P. flocculosa with Ustilago maydis' available annotated sequences. These proteins were associated with the carbon and fatty acid metabolism, and also with the filamentous change of the fungus leading to flocculosin production. This first look into the proteome of P. flocculosa suggests that flocculosin synthesis is elicited in response to specific stress or limiting conditions.
Torrisi, L.; Italiano, A.; Torrisi, A.
2016-11-01
Bronze coins coming from the area of the Mediterranean basin, dated back the II-X Cent. A.D., were analyzed using different physical analytical techniques. Characteristic X-ray fluorescence was used with electrons and photons, in order to investigate the elemental composition of both the surface layers and bulk. Moreover, the quadrupole mass spectrometry coupled to laser ablation (LAMQS technique) in high vacuum was used to analyse typical material compounds from surface contamination. Mass spectrometry, at high resolution and sensitivity, extended up to 300 amu, allowed measuring the 208Pb/206Pb and 207Pb/206Pb isotopic ratios into the coins. Quantitative relative analyses of these isotopic ratios identify the coin composition such as a "fingerprint" depending on the mineral used to extract the lead. Isotopic ratios in coins can be compared to those of the possible minerals used to produce the bronze alloy. A comparison between the measured isotope ratios in the analyzed coins and the literature database, related to the mineral containing Pb as a function of its geological and geophysical extraction mine, is presented. The analysis, restricted to old coins and the mines of the Mediterranean basin, indicates a possible correlation between the coin compositions and the possible geological sites of the extracted mineral.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
N. Tartaglione
2006-01-01
Full Text Available The speed of Atlantic surface depressions, occurred during the autumn and winter seasons and that lead to intense precipitation over Italy from 1951 to 2000, was investigated. Italy was divided into 5 regions as documented in previous climatological studies (based on Principal Component Analysis. Intense precipitation events were selected on the basis of in situ rain gauge data and clustered according to the region that they hit. For each intense precipitation event we tried to identify an associated surface depression and we tracked it, within a large domain covering the Mediterranean and Atlantic regions, from its formation to cyclolysis in order to estimate its speed. 'Depression speeds' were estimated with 6-h resolution and clustered into slow and non-slow classes by means of a threshold, coinciding with the first quartile of speed distribution and depression centre speeds were associated with their positions. Slow speeds occurring over an area including Italy and the western Mediterranean basin showed frequencies higher than 25%, for all the Italian regions but one. The probability of obtaining by chance the observed more than 25% success rate was estimated by means of a binomial distribution. The statistical reliability of the result is confirmed for only one region. For Italy as a whole, results were confirmed at 95% confidence level. Stability of the statistical inference, with respect to errors in estimating depression speed and changes in the threshold of slow depressions, was analysed and essentially confirmed the previous results.
Mattelaer, Olivier; Ruiz, Richard
2016-01-01
Hadronic decays of boosted resonances, e.g., top quark jets, at hadronic super colliders are frequent predictions in TeV-scale extensions of the Standard Model of Particle Physics. In such scenarios, accurate modeling of QCD radiation is necessary for trustworthy predictions. We present the automation of fully differential, next-to-leading-order (NLO) in QCD corrections with parton shower (PS) matching for an effective Left-Right Symmetric Model (LRSM) that features $W_R^\\pm, Z_R$ gauge bosons and heavy Majorana neutrinos $N$. Publicly available universal model files require remarkably fewer user inputs for predicting benchmark collider processes than leading order LRSM constructions. We present predictions for inclusive $W_R^\\pm, Z_R$ production at the $\\sqrt{s} = 13$ TeV Large Hadron Collider (LHC) and a hypothetical future 100 TeV Very Large Hadron Collider (VLHC), as well as inclusive $N$ production for a hypothetical Large Hadron Electron Collider (LHeC). As a case study, we investigate at NLO+PS accurac...
Stability analysis of a natural circulation lead-cooled fast reactor
Lu, Qiyue
This dissertation is aimed at nuclear-coupled thermal hydraulics stability analysis of a natural circulation lead cooled fast reactor design. The stability concerns arise from the fact that natural circulation operation makes the system susceptible to flow instabilities similar to those observed in boiling water reactors. In order to capture the regional effects, modal expansion method which incorporates higher azimuthal modes is used to model the neutronics part of the system. A reduced order model is used in this work for the thermal-hydraulics. Consistent with the number of heat exchangers (HXs), the reactor core is divided into four equal quadrants. Each quadrant has its corresponding external segments such as riser, plenum, pipes and HX forming an equivalent 1-D closed loop. The local pressure loss along the loop is represented by a lumped friction factor. The heat transfer process in the HX is represented by a model for the coolant temperature at the core inlet that depends on the coolant temperature at the core outlet and the coolant velocity. Additionally, time lag effects are incorporated into this HX model due to the finite coolant speed. A conventional model is used for the fuel pin heat conduction to couple the neutronics and thermal-hydraulics. The feedback mechanisms include Doppler, axial/radial thermal expansion and coolant density effects. These effects are represented by a linear variation of the macroscopic cross sections with the fuel temperature. The weighted residual method is used to convert the governing PDEs to ODEs. Retaining the first and second modes, leads to six ODEs for neutronics, and five ODEs for the thermal-hydraulics in each quadrant. Three models are developed. These are: 1) natural circulation model with a closed coolant flow path but without coupled neutronics, 2) forced circulation model with constant external pressure drop across the heated channels but without coupled neutronics, 3) coupled system including neutronics with
Persi, Erez; Horn, David
2013-01-01
We present a novel analysis of compositional order (CO) based on the occurrence of Frequent amino-acid Triplets (FTs) that appear much more than random in protein sequences. The method captures all types of proteomic compositional order including single amino-acid runs, tandem repeats, periodic structure of motifs and otherwise low complexity amino-acid regions. We introduce new order measures, distinguishing between ‘regularity’, ‘periodicity’ and ‘vocabulary’, to quantify these phenomena and to facilitate the identification of evolutionary effects. Detailed analysis of representative species across the tree-of-life demonstrates that CO proteins exhibit numerous functional enrichments, including a wide repertoire of particular patterns of dependencies on regularity and periodicity. Comparison between human and mouse proteomes further reveals the interplay of CO with evolutionary trends, such as faster substitution rate in mouse leading to decrease of periodicity, while innovation along the human lineage leads to larger regularity. Large-scale analysis of 94 proteomes leads to systematic ordering of all major taxonomic groups according to FT-vocabulary size. This is measured by the count of Different Frequent Triplets (DFT) in proteomes. The latter provides a clear hierarchical delineation of vertebrates, invertebrates, plants, fungi and prokaryotes, with thermophiles showing the lowest level of FT-vocabulary. Among eukaryotes, this ordering correlates with phylogenetic proximity. Interestingly, in all kingdoms CO accumulation in the proteome has universal characteristics. We suggest that CO is a genomic-information correlate of both macroevolution and various protein functions. The results indicate a mechanism of genomic ‘innovation’ at the peptide level, involved in protein elongation, shaped in a universal manner by mutational and selective forces. PMID:24278003
Persi, Erez; Horn, David
2013-01-01
We present a novel analysis of compositional order (CO) based on the occurrence of Frequent amino-acid Triplets (FTs) that appear much more than random in protein sequences. The method captures all types of proteomic compositional order including single amino-acid runs, tandem repeats, periodic structure of motifs and otherwise low complexity amino-acid regions. We introduce new order measures, distinguishing between 'regularity', 'periodicity' and 'vocabulary', to quantify these phenomena and to facilitate the identification of evolutionary effects. Detailed analysis of representative species across the tree-of-life demonstrates that CO proteins exhibit numerous functional enrichments, including a wide repertoire of particular patterns of dependencies on regularity and periodicity. Comparison between human and mouse proteomes further reveals the interplay of CO with evolutionary trends, such as faster substitution rate in mouse leading to decrease of periodicity, while innovation along the human lineage leads to larger regularity. Large-scale analysis of 94 proteomes leads to systematic ordering of all major taxonomic groups according to FT-vocabulary size. This is measured by the count of Different Frequent Triplets (DFT) in proteomes. The latter provides a clear hierarchical delineation of vertebrates, invertebrates, plants, fungi and prokaryotes, with thermophiles showing the lowest level of FT-vocabulary. Among eukaryotes, this ordering correlates with phylogenetic proximity. Interestingly, in all kingdoms CO accumulation in the proteome has universal characteristics. We suggest that CO is a genomic-information correlate of both macroevolution and various protein functions. The results indicate a mechanism of genomic 'innovation' at the peptide level, involved in protein elongation, shaped in a universal manner by mutational and selective forces.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Erez Persi
Full Text Available We present a novel analysis of compositional order (CO based on the occurrence of Frequent amino-acid Triplets (FTs that appear much more than random in protein sequences. The method captures all types of proteomic compositional order including single amino-acid runs, tandem repeats, periodic structure of motifs and otherwise low complexity amino-acid regions. We introduce new order measures, distinguishing between 'regularity', 'periodicity' and 'vocabulary', to quantify these phenomena and to facilitate the identification of evolutionary effects. Detailed analysis of representative species across the tree-of-life demonstrates that CO proteins exhibit numerous functional enrichments, including a wide repertoire of particular patterns of dependencies on regularity and periodicity. Comparison between human and mouse proteomes further reveals the interplay of CO with evolutionary trends, such as faster substitution rate in mouse leading to decrease of periodicity, while innovation along the human lineage leads to larger regularity. Large-scale analysis of 94 proteomes leads to systematic ordering of all major taxonomic groups according to FT-vocabulary size. This is measured by the count of Different Frequent Triplets (DFT in proteomes. The latter provides a clear hierarchical delineation of vertebrates, invertebrates, plants, fungi and prokaryotes, with thermophiles showing the lowest level of FT-vocabulary. Among eukaryotes, this ordering correlates with phylogenetic proximity. Interestingly, in all kingdoms CO accumulation in the proteome has universal characteristics. We suggest that CO is a genomic-information correlate of both macroevolution and various protein functions. The results indicate a mechanism of genomic 'innovation' at the peptide level, involved in protein elongation, shaped in a universal manner by mutational and selective forces.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
GORAN M. NIKOLIC
2004-07-01
Full Text Available Potentiometric stipping analysis (PSA was applied for the determination of lead and cadmium leaching from dental prosthetic materials and teeth. The soluble lead content in finished dental implants was found to be much lower than that of the individual components used for their preparation. Cadmium was not detected in dental implants and materials under the defined conditions. The soluble lead and cadmium content of teeth was slightly lower than the lead and cadmium content in whole teeth (w/w reported by other researchers, except in the case of a tooth with removed amalgam filling. The results of this work suggest that PSA may be a good method for lead and cadmium leaching studies for investigation of the biocompatibility of dental prosthetic materials.
High levels of Mercury and Lead detected by hair analysis in two Venezuelan environments
Marcano,Eunice; Labady,Mary; Gomes,Clara; Aguiar,Guillermina; Laine,Jorge
2009-01-01
Mercury and Lead concentrations obtained by ICP-OAS analysis of human hair from riverside communities along the Orinoco river in the Amazon state (Venezuela) were compared with those from Caracas, Venezuela. Taking into account the characteristics of these two environments and the values of the average concentrations of Mercury and Lead, baselines were established suggesting that gold mining activity near the Orinoco river is responsible for the high levels of Mercury in hair from the Amazon ...
Abelof, Gabriel; Liu, Xiaohui; Petriello, Frank
2016-01-01
We compute the ${\\cal O}(\\alpha^2\\alpha_s^2)$ perturbative corrections to inclusive jet production in electron-nucleon collisions. This process is of particular interest to the physics program of a future Electron Ion Collider (EIC). We include all relevant partonic processes, including deep-inelastic scattering contributions, photon-initiated corrections, and parton-parton scattering terms that first appear at this order. Upon integration over the final-state hadronic phase space we validate our results for the deep-inelastic corrections against the known next-to-next-to-leading order (NNLO) structure functions. Our calculation uses the $N$-jettiness subtraction scheme for performing higher-order computations, and allows for a completely differential description of the deep-inelastic scattering process. We describe the application of this method to inclusive jet production in detail, and present phenomenological results for the proposed EIC. The NNLO corrections have a non-trivial dependence on the jet kinem...
Munson, Mark; Lieberman, Harvey; Tserlin, Elina; Rocnik, Jennifer; Ge, Jie; Fitzgerald, Maria; Patel, Vinod; Garcia-Echeverria, Carlos
2015-08-01
Herein, we report a novel and general method, lead optimization attrition analysis (LOAA), to benchmark two distinct small-molecule lead series using a relatively unbiased, simple technique and commercially available software. We illustrate this approach with data collected during lead optimization of two independent oncology programs as a case study. Easily generated graphics and attrition curves enabled us to calibrate progress and support go/no go decisions on each program. We believe that this data-driven technique could be used broadly by medicinal chemists and management to guide strategic decisions during drug discovery. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Biviano, Marilyn B.; Wagner, Lorie A.; Sullivan, Daniel E.
1999-01-01
Materials consumption estimates, such as apparent consumption of raw materials, can be important indicators of sustainability. Apparent consumption of raw materials does not account for material contained in manufactured products that are imported or exported and may thus under- or over-estimate total consumption of materials in the domestic economy. This report demonstrates a methodology to measure the amount of materials contained in net imports (imports minus exports), using lead as an example. The analysis presents illustrations of differences between apparent and total consumption of lead and distributes these differences into individual lead-consuming sectors.
What is a Leading Case in EU law? An empirical analysis
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Sadl, Urska; Panagis, Yannis
2015-01-01
. Our analysis focuses on Les Verts, a case of considerable fame in EU law, closely scrutinising whether it contains inherent leading case material. We show how the legal relevance of a case can become “embedded” in a long process of reinterpretation by legal actors, and we demonstrate that the actual......Lawyers generally explain legal development by looking at explicit amendments to statutory law and modifications in judicial practice. As far as the latter are concerned, leading cases occupy a special place. This article empirically studies the process in which certain cases become leading cases...
Shao, Liyang; Zhang, Lianjun; Zhen, Zhen
2017-01-01
Children's blood lead concentrations have been closely monitored over the last two decades in the United States. The bio-monitoring surveillance data collected in local agencies reflected the local temporal trends of children's blood lead levels (BLLs). However, the analysis and modeling of the long-term time series of BLLs have rarely been reported. We attempted to quantify the long-term trends of children's BLLs in the city of Syracuse, New York and evaluate the impacts of local lead poisoning prevention programs and Lead Hazard Control Program on reducing the children's BLLs. We applied interrupted time series analysis on the monthly time series of BLLs surveillance data and used ARMA (autoregressive and moving average) models to measure the average children's blood lead level shift and detect the seasonal pattern change. Our results showed that there were three intervention stages over the past 20 years to reduce children's BLLs in the city of Syracuse, NY. The average of children's BLLs was significantly decreased after the interventions, declining from 8.77μg/dL to 3.94μg/dL during1992 to 2011. The seasonal variation diminished over the past decade, but more short term influences were in the variation. The lead hazard control treatment intervention proved effective in reducing the children's blood lead levels in Syracuse, NY. Also, the reduction of the seasonal variation of children's BLLs reflected the impacts of the local lead-based paint mitigation program. The replacement of window and door was the major cost of lead house abatement. However, soil lead was not considered a major source of lead hazard in our analysis.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kawamura, H. [KEK Theory Center, Tsukuba (Japan); Lo Presti, N.A.; Vogt, A. [Liverpool Univ. (United Kingdom). Dept. of Mathematical Sciences; Moch, S. [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Zeuthen (Germany)
2012-05-15
The contribution of quarks with masses m >> {lambda}{sub QCD} is the only part of the structure functions in deep-inelastic scattering (DIS) which is not yet known at the next-to-next-to-leading order (NNLO) of perturbative QCD. We present improved partial NNLO results for the most important structure function F{sub 2}(x,Q{sup 2}) near the partonic threshold, in the high-energy (small-x) limit and at high scales Q{sup 2} >> m{sup 2}; and employ these results to construct approximations for the gluon and quark coefficient functions which cover the full kinematic plane. The approximation uncertainties are carefully investigated, and found to be large only at very small values, x
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Samira Shoeibi Mohsenabadi; Mohammad Ebrahim Zomorrodian
2013-11-01
The next-to-next-to-leading order (NNLO) quantum chromodynamics (QCD) correction to the first three moments of the four event-shape variables in electron–positron annihilation, the thrust, heavy jet mass, wide, and total jet broadening, is computed. It is observed that the NNLO correction gives a better agreement between the theory and the experimental data. Also, by using the above observables, the strong coupling constant () is determined and how much its value is affected by the NNLO correction is demonstrated. By combining the results for all variables at different centre-of-mass energies $(M_{Z^{°}})$ = 0.1248 ± 0.0009 $({\\text{exp.}})_{-0.0144}^{+0.0283} ({\\text{theo.}})$ is obtained.
Hou, Wei-Shu; Li, Hsiang-nan; Mishima, Satoshi; Nagashima, Makiko
2007-03-30
We study the effect from a sequential fourth generation quark on penguin-dominated two-body nonleptonic B meson decays in the next-to-leading order perturbative QCD formalism. With an enhancement of the color-suppressed tree amplitude and possibility of a new CP phase in the electroweak penguin amplitude, we can account better for A(CP)(B(0)-->K+ pi-)-A(CP)(B+-->K+ pi0). Taking |V(t's)V(t'b)| approximately 0.02 with a phase just below 90 degrees, which is consistent with the b-->sl+ l- rate and the B(s) mixing parameter Deltam(B)(s), we find a downward shift in the mixing-induced CP asymmetries of B(0)-->K(S)(pi 0) and phi(K)(S). The predicted behavior for B(0)-->rho(0)(K)(S) is opposite.
The Risk Factors of Child Lead Poisoning in China: A Meta-Analysis
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
You Li
2016-03-01
Full Text Available Background: To investigate the risk factors of child lead poisoning in China. Methods: A document retrieval was performed using MeSH (Medical subject heading terms and key words. The Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS was used to assess the quality of the studies, and the pooled odd ratios with a 95% confidence interval were used to identify the risk factors. We employed Review Manager 5.2 and Stata 10.0 to analyze the data. Heterogeneity was assessed by both the Chi-square and I2 tests, and publication bias was evaluated using a funnel plot and Egger’s test. Results: Thirty-four articles reporting 13,587 lead-poisoned children met the inclusion criteria. Unhealthy lifestyle and behaviors, environmental pollution around the home and potential for parents’ occupational exposure to lead were risk factors of child lead poisoning in the pooled analyses. Our assessments yielded no severe publication biases. Conclusions: Seventeen risk factors are associated with child lead poisoning, which can be used to identify high-risk children. Health education and promotion campaigns should be designed in order to minimize or prevent child lead poisoning in China.
Sil, Karunava
2016-01-01
In the context of [1]'s string theoretic dual of large-N thermal QCD-like theories at finite gauge/string coupling (as part of the `MQGP' limit of [2]), we discuss the following. First, up to LO in N, using the results of [3], we show that the local T^3 of [2] is the T^2-invariant sLag of [3] in a resolved conifold. This, together with the results of [4], shows that for a (predominantly resolved or deformed) resolved warped deformed conifold, the local T^3 of [2] in the MQGP limit, is the T^2-invariant sLag of [3] justifying the construction of the delocalized SYZ type IIA mirror of the type IIB background of [1]. Then, using the prescription of [5], we obtain the temperature dependence of the thermal (and electrical) conductivity working up to leading order in N (the number of D3-branes), and upon comparison with [6] show that the results mimic a 1+1-dimensional Luttinger liquid with impurities. Further, including sub-leading non-conformal terms in the metric determined by M (the number of fractional D-brane...
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kniehl, Bernd A.; Kramer, Gustav [Hamburg Univ. (Germany). 2. Inst. fuer Theoretische Physik; Moosavi Nejad, Seyed M. [Yazd Univ. (Iran, Islamic Republic of). Faculty of Physics; Institute for Research in Fundamental Sciences (IPM), Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of). School of Particles
2012-03-15
We study the scaled-energy (x{sub B}) distribution of bottom-flavored hadrons (B) inclusively produced in top-quark decays at next-to-leading order (NLO) in the general-mass variable-flavor-number scheme endowed with realistic, nonperturbative fragmentation functions that are obtained through a global fit to e{sup +}e{sup -} data from CERN LEP1 and SLAC SLC exploiting their universality and scaling violations. Specifically, we study the effects of gluon fragmentation and finite bottom-quark and B-hadron masses. We find the NLO corrections to be significant. Gluon fragmentation leads to an appreciable reduction in the partial decay width at low values of x{sub B}. Hadron masses are responsible for the low-x{sub B} threshold, while the bottom-quark mass is of minor importance. Neglecting the latter, we also study the doubly differential distribution d{sup 2}{gamma}/(dx{sub B}d cos {theta}) of the partial width of the decay t{yields} bW{sup +} {yields} Bl{sup +}{nu}{sub l}+X, where {theta} is the decay angle of the charged lepton in the W-boson rest frame.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Boogers, Mark J. [Leiden University Medical Center, Department of Cardiology, Leiden (Netherlands); The Interuniversity Cardiology Institute of the Netherlands, Utrecht (Netherlands); Chen, Ji; Garcia, Ernest V. [Emory University School of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Atlanta, GA (United States); Bommel, Rutger J. van; Borleffs, C.J.W.; Schalij, Martin J.; Wall, Ernst E. van der; Bax, Jeroen J. [Leiden University Medical Center, Department of Cardiology, Leiden (Netherlands); Dibbets-Schneider, Petra; Hiel, Bernies van der; Younis, Imad Al [Leiden University Medical Center, Department of Nuclear Medicine, Leiden (Netherlands)
2011-02-15
The aim of the current study was to evaluate the relationship between the site of latest mechanical activation as assessed with gated myocardial perfusion SPECT (GMPS), left ventricular (LV) lead position and response to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). The patient population consisted of consecutive patients with advanced heart failure in whom CRT was currently indicated. Before implantation, 2-D echocardiography and GMPS were performed. The echocardiography was performed to assess LV end-systolic volume (LVESV), LV end-diastolic volume (LVEDV) and LV ejection fraction (LVEF). The site of latest mechanical activation was assessed by phase analysis of GMPS studies and related to LV lead position on fluoroscopy. Echocardiography was repeated after 6 months of CRT. CRT response was defined as a decrease of {>=}15% in LVESV. Enrolled in the study were 90 patients (72% men, 67{+-}10 years) with advanced heart failure. In 52 patients (58%), the LV lead was positioned at the site of latest mechanical activation (concordant), and in 38 patients (42%) the LV lead was positioned outside the site of latest mechanical activation (discordant). CRT response was significantly more often documented in patients with a concordant LV lead position than in patients with a discordant LV lead position (79% vs. 26%, p<0.01). After 6 months, patients with a concordant LV lead position showed significant improvement in LVEF, LVESV and LVEDV (p<0.05), whereas patients with a discordant LV lead position showed no significant improvement in these variables. Patients with a concordant LV lead position showed significant improvement in LV volumes and LV systolic function, whereas patients with a discordant LV lead position showed no significant improvements. (orig.)
2010-11-19
... Simon Property Group, Inc.; Analysis of Proposed Agreement Containing Consent Orders To Aid Public... practices or unfair methods of competition. The attached Analysis to Aid Public Comment describes both the... following Analysis to Aid Public Comment describes the terms of the consent agreement, and the...
Paas, L.J.; Bijmolt, T.H.A.; Vermunt, J.K.
2004-01-01
A recent development in marketing research concerns the incorporation of dynamics in consumer segmentation.This paper extends the latent class Markov model, a suitable technique for conducting dynamic segmentation, in order to facilitate lead generation.We demonstrate the application of the latent Markov model for these purposes using a database containing information on the ownership of twelve financial products and demographics for explaining (changes in) consumer product portfolios.Data we...
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Nizic, B.
1985-01-01
In Part I the evaluation of the complete eighth order QED contribution to the difference of the anomalous magnetic moments of the muon and the electron, (a/sub ..mu../ - a/sub e/, arising from 469 Feynman diagrams is presented. The result is 140.7(4.5)(..cap alpha../..pi..). The theoretical error represents the estimated accuracy of the required numerical integration. The light-by-light QED contribution to (a/sub ..mu../ - a/sub e/) has also been improved. With these results the difference a/sub ..mu../ - a/sub e/ through eighth order in QED is (a/sub ..mu../ - a/sub e/)/sup QED/ = 619,551(21) x 10/sup -11/. Adding to the present theoretical value of the electron anomaly a/sub e//sup QED/ = 115,965,246(5) x 10/sup -11/, it was found that the pure QED contribution to the muon anomaly is given by a/sub ..mu..//sup QED/ = 116,584,797(22) x 10/sup -11/. In Part II the results of the calculation of the next to leading order perturbative QCD correction to the two-photon exclusive channels ..gamma gamma -->..M/sup +/M/sup -/(M = ..pi..,K) at large momentum transfer is presented. Calculation is performed in the Feynman gauge. Dimensional regularization is used to treat both UV and the set of reals divergences. One loop correction to the ..gamma gamma -->..M/sup +/M/sup -/ cross section is obtained. In the mean MS renormalization scheme this correction is found not to be large.
Lead Coolant Test Facility Systems Design, Thermal Hydraulic Analysis and Cost Estimate
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Soli Khericha; Edwin Harvego; John Svoboda; Ryan Dalling
2012-01-01
The Idaho National Laboratory prepared a preliminary technical and functional requirements (T&FR), thermal hydraulic design and cost estimate for a lead coolant test facility. The purpose of this small scale facility is to simulate lead coolant fast reactor (LFR) coolant flow in an open lattice geometry core using seven electrical rods and liquid lead or lead-bismuth eutectic coolant. Based on review of current world lead or lead-bismuth test facilities and research needs listed in the Generation IV Roadmap, five broad areas of requirements were identified as listed: (1) Develop and Demonstrate Feasibility of Submerged Heat Exchanger; (2) Develop and Demonstrate Open-lattice Flow in Electrically Heated Core; (3) Develop and Demonstrate Chemistry Control; (4) Demonstrate Safe Operation; and (5) Provision for Future Testing. This paper discusses the preliminary design of systems, thermal hydraulic analysis, and simplified cost estimate. The facility thermal hydraulic design is based on the maximum simulated core power using seven electrical heater rods of 420 kW; average linear heat generation rate of 300 W/cm. The core inlet temperature for liquid lead or Pb/Bi eutectic is 4200 C. The design includes approximately seventy-five data measurements such as pressure, temperature, and flow rates. The preliminary estimated cost of construction of the facility is $3.7M (in 2006 $). It is also estimated that the facility will require two years to be constructed and ready for operation.
Lead coolant test facility systems design, thermal hydraulic analysis and cost estimate
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Khericha, Soli, E-mail: slk2@inel.gov [Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC, Idaho National Laboratory, Idaho Falls, ID 83415 (United States); Harvego, Edwin; Svoboda, John; Evans, Robert [Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC, Idaho National Laboratory, Idaho Falls, ID 83415 (United States); Dalling, Ryan [ExxonMobil Gas and Power Marketing, Houston, TX 77069 (United States)
2012-01-15
The Idaho National Laboratory prepared a preliminary technical and functional requirements (T and FR), thermal hydraulic design and cost estimate for a lead coolant test facility. The purpose of this small scale facility is to simulate lead coolant fast reactor (LFR) coolant flow in an open lattice geometry core using seven electrical rods and liquid lead or lead-bismuth eutectic coolant. Based on review of current world lead or lead-bismuth test facilities and research needs listed in the Generation IV Roadmap, five broad areas of requirements were identified as listed below: Bullet Develop and demonstrate feasibility of submerged heat exchanger. Bullet Develop and demonstrate open-lattice flow in electrically heated core. Bullet Develop and demonstrate chemistry control. Bullet Demonstrate safe operation. Bullet Provision for future testing. This paper discusses the preliminary design of systems, thermal hydraulic analysis, and simplified cost estimated. The facility thermal hydraulic design is based on the maximum simulated core power using seven electrical heater rods of 420 kW; average linear heat generation rate of 300 W/cm. The core inlet temperature for liquid lead or Pb/Bi eutectic is 4200 Degree-Sign C. The design includes approximately seventy-five data measurements such as pressure, temperature, and flow rates. The preliminary estimated cost of construction of the facility is $3.7M (in 2006 $). It is also estimated that the facility will require two years to be constructed and ready for operation.
Tessmer, Manuel; Schäfer, Gerhard
2013-01-01
This publication will deal with an explicit determination of the time evolution of the spin orientation axes and the evolution of the orbital phase in the case of circular orbits under next-to-leading order spin-orbit interactions. We modify the method of Schneider and Cui proposed in ["Theoreme \\"uber Bewegungsintegrale und ihre Anwendungen in Bahntheorien", Verlag der Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, volume 212, 2005.] to iteratively remove oscillatory terms in the equations of motion for different masses that were not present in the case of equal masses. Our smallness parameter is chosen to be the difference of the symmetric mass ratio to the value 1/4. Before the first Lie transformation, the set of conserved quantities consists of the total angular momentum, the amplitudes of the orbital angular momentum and of the spins, $L, S_1,$ and $S_2$. In contrary, the magnitude of the total spin $S=|S_1+S_2|$ is not conserved and we wish to shift its non-conservation to higher orders of the smallness para...
The need for higher-order averaging in the stability analysis of hovering, flapping-wing flight.
Taha, Haithem E; Tahmasian, Sevak; Woolsey, Craig A; Nayfeh, Ali H; Hajj, Muhammad R
2015-01-05
Because of the relatively high flapping frequency associated with hovering insects and flapping wing micro-air vehicles (FWMAVs), dynamic stability analysis typically involves direct averaging of the time-periodic dynamics over a flapping cycle. However, direct application of the averaging theorem may lead to false conclusions about the dynamics and stability of hovering insects and FWMAVs. Higher-order averaging techniques may be needed to understand the dynamics of flapping wing flight and to analyze its stability. We use second-order averaging to analyze the hovering dynamics of five insects in response to high-amplitude, high-frequency, periodic wing motion. We discuss the applicability of direct averaging versus second-order averaging for these insects.
The high order dispersion analysis based on first-passage-time probability in financial markets
Liu, Chenggong; Shang, Pengjian; Feng, Guochen
2017-04-01
The study of first-passage-time (FPT) event about financial time series has gained broad research recently, which can provide reference for risk management and investment. In this paper, a new measurement-high order dispersion (HOD)-is developed based on FPT probability to explore financial time series. The tick-by-tick data of three Chinese stock markets and three American stock markets are investigated. We classify the financial markets successfully through analyzing the scaling properties of FPT probabilities of six stock markets and employing HOD method to compare the differences of FPT decay curves. It can be concluded that long-range correlation, fat-tailed broad probability density function and its coupling with nonlinearity mainly lead to the multifractality of financial time series by applying HOD method. Furthermore, we take the fluctuation function of multifractal detrended fluctuation analysis (MF-DFA) to distinguish markets and get consistent results with HOD method, whereas the HOD method is capable of fractionizing the stock markets effectively in the same region. We convince that such explorations are relevant for a better understanding of the financial market mechanisms.
Domin, Daniel S.
1999-01-01
The science laboratory instructional environment is ideal for fostering the development of problem-solving, manipulative, and higher-order thinking skills: the skills needed by today's learner to compete in an ever increasing technology-based society. This paper reports the results of a content analysis of ten general chemistry laboratory manuals. Three experiments from each manual were examined for evidence of higher-order cognitive activities. Analysis was based upon the six major cognitive categories of Bloom's Taxonomy of Educational Objectives: knowledge, comprehension, application, analysis, synthesis, and evaluation. The results of this study show that the overwhelming majority of general chemistry laboratory manuals provide tasks that require the use of only the lower-order cognitive skills: knowledge, comprehension, and application. Two of the laboratory manuals were disparate in having activities that utilized higher-order cognition. I describe the instructional strategies used within these manuals to foster higher-order cognitive development.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Valdiviesso, G.A., E-mail: gustavo.valdiviesso@unifal-mg.edu.br [Instituto de Ciencia e Tecnologia, Universidade Federal de Alfenas, Unifal-mg, Rod. Jose Aurelio Vilela, 11999, 37715-400 Pocos de Caldas MG (Brazil); Instituto de Fisica Gleb Wataghin, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, UNICAMP, Rua Sergio Buarque de Holanda, 777, 13083-859 Campinas SP (Brazil); Guzzo, M.M., E-mail: guzzo@ifi.unicamp.br [Instituto de Fisica Gleb Wataghin, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, UNICAMP, Rua Sergio Buarque de Holanda, 777, 13083-859 Campinas SP (Brazil); Holanda, P.C., E-mail: holanda@ifi.unicamp.br [Instituto de Fisica Gleb Wataghin, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, UNICAMP, Rua Sergio Buarque de Holanda, 777, 13083-859 Campinas SP (Brazil)
2011-07-04
New limits for the Violation of the Equivalence Principle (VEP) are obtained considering the mass-flavor mixing hypothesis. This analysis includes observations of solar and reactor neutrinos and has obtained a limit for the VEP parameter |{Delta}{gamma}| contributing to the {nu}{sub e} and {nu}-bar{sub e} disappearance channels of the order |{Delta}{gamma}|<10{sup -14}, when it is assumed that neutrinos are mainly affected by the gravitational potential {phi}{approx}10{sup -5} due to the Great Attractor.
Valdiviesso, G. A.; Guzzo, M. M.; Holanda, P. C.
2011-07-01
New limits for the Violation of the Equivalence Principle (VEP) are obtained considering the mass-flavor mixing hypothesis. This analysis includes observations of solar and reactor neutrinos and has obtained a limit for the VEP parameter | Δγ | contributing to the νe and νbare disappearance channels of the order | Δγ | <10-14, when it is assumed that neutrinos are mainly affected by the gravitational potential ϕ ≈10-5 due to the Great Attractor.
Lead in Hair and in Red Wine by Potentiometric Stripping Analysis: The University Students' Design.
Josephsen, Jens
1985-01-01
A new program for training upper secondary school chemistry teachers (SE 537 693) depends heavily on student project work. A project in which lead in hair and in red wine was examined by potentiometric stripping analysis is described and evaluated. (JN)
Circuit Board Analysis for Lead by Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy in a Course for Nonscience Majors
Weidenhammer, Jeffrey D.
2007-01-01
A circuit board analysis of the atomic absorption spectroscopy, which is used to measure lead content in a course for nonscience majors, is being presented. The experiment can also be used to explain the potential environmental hazards of unsafe disposal of various used electronic equipments.
Mercury-Free Analysis of Lead in Drinking Water by Anodic Stripping Square Wave Voltammetry
Wilburn, Jeremy P.; Brown, Kyle L.; Cliffel, David E.
2007-01-01
The analysis of drinking water for lead, which has well-known health effects, is presented as an instructive example for undergraduate chemistry students. It allows the students to perform an experiment and evaluate to monitor risk factors and common hazard of everyday life.
Dynamical analysis of fractional-order Rössler and modified Lorenz systems
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Letellier, Christophe, E-mail: Christophe.Letellier@coria.fr [Université de Rouen – CORIA, BP 12, F-76801 Saint-Etienne du Rouvray Cedex (France); Aguirre, Luis A. [Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Av. Antônio Carlos 6627, 31270-901 Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil)
2013-10-15
This Letter is devoted to the dynamical analysis of fractional-order systems, namely the Rössler and a modified Lorenz system. The work here described compares the dynamical regimes of such fractional-order systems to that of the corresponding standard systems. It turns out that most of the chaotic attractors are topologically equivalent to those found in the original integer-order systems, although in some particular (and apparently rare) cases unusual bifurcation patterns and attractors are found.
Dynamical analysis of fractional-order Rössler and modified Lorenz systems
Letellier, Christophe; Aguirre, Luis A.
2013-10-01
This Letter is devoted to the dynamical analysis of fractional-order systems, namely the Rössler and a modified Lorenz system. The work here described compares the dynamical regimes of such fractional-order systems to that of the corresponding standard systems. It turns out that most of the chaotic attractors are topologically equivalent to those found in the original integer-order systems, although in some particular (and apparently rare) cases unusual bifurcation patterns and attractors are found.
A Primary- and Second-Order Component Analysis of the Organizational Identification Questionnaire.
Johnson, William L.; Johnson, Annabel M.; Heimberg, Felix
1999-01-01
Examined the factor structure of the Organizational Identification Questionnaire (G. Cheney, 1982), widely used to assess organizational identification. Analysis of results from 369 social-service employers yields four first-order and two second-order components. Contains 33 references. (SLD)
An Analysis of Higher-Order Thinking on Algebra I End-of-Course Tests
Thompson, Tony
2011-01-01
This research provides insight into one US state's effort to incorporate higher-order thinking on its Algebra I End-of-Course tests. To facilitate the inclusion of higher-order thinking, the state used "Dimensions of Thinking" (Marzano et al., 1988) and "Bloom's Taxonomy" (Bloom et al., 1956). An analysis of Algebra I test…
An Analysis of Higher-Order Thinking on Algebra I End-of-Course Tests
Thompson, Tony
2011-01-01
This research provides insight into one US state's effort to incorporate higher-order thinking on its Algebra I End-of-Course tests. To facilitate the inclusion of higher-order thinking, the state used "Dimensions of Thinking" (Marzano et al., 1988) and "Bloom's Taxonomy" (Bloom et al., 1956). An analysis of Algebra I test items found that the…
An Analysis of Higher-Order Thinking on Algebra I End-of-Course Tests
Thompson, Tony
2011-01-01
This research provides insight into one US state's effort to incorporate higher-order thinking on its Algebra I End-of-Course tests. To facilitate the inclusion of higher-order thinking, the state used "Dimensions of Thinking" (Marzano et al., 1988) and "Bloom's Taxonomy" (Bloom et al., 1956). An analysis of Algebra I test…
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
D. RAMA REDDY
2012-07-01
Full Text Available This paper describes the stability regions of PID (Proportional +Integral+ Derivative and a new PID with series leading correction (SLC for Networked control system with time delay. The new PID controller has a tuning parameter ‘β’. The relation between β, KP, KI and KD is derived. The effect of plant parameters on stabilityregion of PID controllers and SLC-PID controllers in first-order and second-order systems with time delay are also studied. Finally, an open-loop zero was inserted into the plant-unstable second order system with time delay so that the stability regions of PID and SLC-PID controllers get effectively enlarged. The total system isimplemented using MATLAB/Simulink.
Wissa, Aimy; Calogero, Joseph; Wereley, Norman; Hubbard, James E; Frecker, Mary
2015-10-26
This paper presents the stability analysis of the leading edge spar of a flapping wing unmanned air vehicle with a compliant spine inserted in it. The compliant spine is a mechanism that was designed to be flexible during the upstroke and stiff during the downstroke. Inserting a variable stiffness mechanism into the leading edge spar affects its structural stability. The model for the spar-spine system was formulated in terms of the well-known Mathieu's equation, in which the compliant spine was modeled as a torsional spring with a sinusoidal stiffness function. Experimental data was used to validate the model and results show agreement within 11%. The structural stability of the leading edge spar-spine system was determined analytically and graphically using a phase plane plot and Strutt diagrams. Lastly, a torsional viscous damper was added to the leading edge spar-spine model to investigate the effect of damping on stability. Results show that for the un-damped case, the leading edge spar-spine response was stable and bounded; however, there were areas of instability that appear for a range of spine upstroke and downstroke stiffnesses. Results also show that there exist a damping ratio between 0.2 and 0.5, for which the leading edge spar-spine system was stable for all values of spine upstroke and downstroke stiffnesses.
Development and characterisation of disposable gold electrodes, and their use for lead(II) analysis
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Noh, Mohd F. M. [Cranfield University, Cranfield Health, Silsoe (United Kingdom); Institute for Medical Research, Toxicology and Pharmacology Unit, Herbal Medicine Research Centre, Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia); Tothill, Ibtisam E. [Cranfield University, Cranfield Health, Silsoe (United Kingdom)
2006-12-15
There is an increasing need to assess the harmful effects of heavy-metal-ion pollution on the environment. The ability to detect and measure toxic contaminants on site using simple, cost effective, and field-portable sensors is an important aspect of environmental protection and facilitating rapid decision making. A screen-printed gold sensor in a three-electrode configuration has been developed for analysis of lead(II) by square-wave stripping voltammetry (SWSV). The working electrode was fabricated with gold ink deposited by use of thick-film technology. Conditions affecting the lead stripping response were characterised and optimized. Experimental data indicated that chloride ions are important in lead deposition and subsequent analysis with this type of sensor. A linear concentration range of 10-50 {mu}g L{sup -1} and 25-300 {mu}g L{sup -1} with detection limits of 2 {mu}g L{sup -1} and 5.8 {mu}g L{sup -1} were obtained for lead(II) for measurement times of four and two minutes, respectively. The electrodes can be reused up to 20 times after cleaning with 0.5 mol L{sup -1} sulfuric acid. Interference of other metals with the response to lead were also examined to optimize the sensor response for analysis of environmental samples. The analytical utility of the sensor was demonstrated by applying the system to a variety of wastewater and soil sample extracts from polluted sites. The results are sufficient evidence of the feasibility of using these screen-printed gold electrodes for the determination of lead(II) in wastewater and soil extracts. For comparison purposes a mercury-film electrode and ICP-MS were used for validation. (orig.)
Analysis of lead-acid battery deep-cycle accelerated testing data
Clifford, J. E.; Thomas, R. E.
1984-06-01
Battelle conducted a detailed analysis of the deep cycle, acclerated test data (at a nominal 70 C) obtained by Exide in the three-year, Phase 1 program to develop advanced lead-acid batteries for utility load leveling. Cycle life results for 60 lead-acid cells in three fractional factorial experiments were analyzed to develop quantitative relationships for real-time cycles to failure as a function of cell design variables. Important factors affecting cycle life were depth of discharge with respect to plate active material and acid within the plate stack, acid specific gravity, separator system design, and additives in the active material.
A new ordering principle for the classical statistical analysis of Poisson processes with background
Giunti, C
1999-01-01
Inspired by the recent proposal by Feldman and Cousins of a ``unified approach to the classical statistical analysis of small signals'' based on a choice of ordering in Neyman's construction of classical confidence intervals, I propose a new ordering principle for the classical statistical analysis of Poisson processes with background which minimizes the effect on the resulting confidence intervals of the observation of less background events than expected. The new ordering principle is applied to the calculation of the confidence region implied by the recent null result of the KARMEN neutrino oscillation experiment.
New ordering principle for the classical statistical analysis of Poisson processes with background
Giunti, C.
1999-03-01
Inspired by the recent proposal by Feldman and Cousins of a ``unified approach to the classical statistical analysis of small signals'' based on a choice of ordering in Neyman's construction of classical confidence intervals, I propose a new ordering principle for the classical statistical analysis of Poisson processes with a background which minimizes the effect on the resulting confidence intervals of the observation of fewer background events than expected. The new ordering principle is applied to the calculation of the confidence region implied by the recent null result of the KARMEN neutrino oscillation experiment.
Linear matrix inequalities for analysis and control of linear vector second-order systems
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Adegas, Fabiano D. [Aalborg Univ. (Denmark); Stoustrup, Jakob [Aalborg Univ. (Denmark)
2014-10-06
Many dynamical systems are modeled as vector second-order differential equations. This paper presents analysis and synthesis conditions in terms of LMI with explicit dependence in the coefficient matrices of vector second-order systems. These conditions benefit from the separation between the Lyapunov matrix and the system matrices by introducing matrix multipliers, which potentially reduce conservativeness in hard control problems. Multipliers facilitate the usage of parameter-dependent Lyapunov functions as certificates of stability of uncertain and time-varying vector second-order systems. The conditions introduced in this work have the potential to increase the practice of analyzing and controlling systems directly in vector second-order form.
Fractional Order Differentiation by Integration and Error Analysis in Noisy Environment
Liu, Da Yan
2015-03-31
The integer order differentiation by integration method based on the Jacobi orthogonal polynomials for noisy signals was originally introduced by Mboup, Join and Fliess. We propose to extend this method from the integer order to the fractional order to estimate the fractional order derivatives of noisy signals. Firstly, two fractional order differentiators are deduced from the Jacobi orthogonal polynomial filter, using the Riemann-Liouville and the Caputo fractional order derivative definitions respectively. Exact and simple formulae for these differentiators are given by integral expressions. Hence, they can be used for both continuous-time and discrete-time models in on-line or off-line applications. Secondly, some error bounds are provided for the corresponding estimation errors. These bounds allow to study the design parameters\\' influence. The noise error contribution due to a large class of stochastic processes is studied in discrete case. The latter shows that the differentiator based on the Caputo fractional order derivative can cope with a class of noises, whose mean value and variance functions are polynomial time-varying. Thanks to the design parameters analysis, the proposed fractional order differentiators are significantly improved by admitting a time-delay. Thirdly, in order to reduce the calculation time for on-line applications, a recursive algorithm is proposed. Finally, the proposed differentiator based on the Riemann-Liouville fractional order derivative is used to estimate the state of a fractional order system and numerical simulations illustrate the accuracy and the robustness with respect to corrupting noises.
Axion as a cold dark matter candidate: Analysis to third order perturbation for classical axion
Noh, Hyerim; Park, Chan-Gyung
2015-01-01
We investigate aspects of axion as a coherently oscillating massive classical scalar field by analyzing third order perturbations in Einstein's gravity in the axion-comoving gauge. The axion fluid has its characteristic pressure term leading to an axion Jeans scale which is cosmologically negligible for a canonical axion mass. Our classically derived axion pressure term in Einstein's gravity is identical to the one derived in the non-relativistic quantum mechanical context in the literature. We show that except for the axion pressure term, the axion fluid equations are exactly the same as the general relativistic continuity and Euler equations of a zero-pressure fluid up to third order perturbation. The general relativistic density and velocity perturbations of the CDM in the CDM-comoving gauge are exactly the same as the Newtonian perturbations to the second order (in all scales), and the pure general relativistic corrections appearing from the third order are numerically negligible (in all scales as well) i...
76 FR 15313 - Chitika, Inc.; Analysis of Proposed Consent Order To Aid Public Comment
2011-03-21
... their individual Web browsing activity. Chitika offers an online behavioral advertising service in which... Chitika, Inc.; Analysis of Proposed Consent Order To Aid Public Comment AGENCY: Federal Trade Commission.... The attached Analysis to Aid Public Comment describes both the allegations in the draft complaint...
2012-03-12
... Western Digital Corporation; Analysis of Agreement Containing Consent Order to Aid Public Comment AGENCY... unfair methods of competition. The attached Analysis to Aid Public Comment describes both the allegations... Comment part of the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section below. Write ``Western Digital, File No. 111...
Fujimoto, Kenji; Scherpen, Jacquelien M. A.
2010-01-01
This paper discusses balanced realization and model order reduction for both continuous-time and discrete-time general nonlinear systems based on singular value analysis of the corresponding Hankel operators. Singular value analysis clarifies the gain structure of a given nonlinear operator. Here it
75 FR 45114 - Rite Aid Corporation; Analysis of Proposed Consent Order to Aid Public Comment
2010-08-02
... Rite Aid Corporation; Analysis of Proposed Consent Order to Aid Public Comment AGENCY: Federal Trade... competition. The attached Analysis to Aid Public Comment describes both the allegations in the draft complaint... invited to submit written comments electronically or in paper form. Comments should refer to ``Rite...
Contreras, Carlos; Meneses, Rodrigo; Potashnikova, Irina
2016-01-01
This paper is the first attempt to build CGC/saturation model based on the next-to-leading order corrections to linear and non-linear evolution in QCD. We assume that the renormalization scale is the saturation momentum and found that the scattering amplitude has geometric scaling behaviour deep in the saturation domain with the explicit formula of this behaviour at large $\\tau = r^2 Q^2_s$. We built a model that include this behaviour, as well as the ingredients that has been known: (i) the behaviour of the scattering amplitude in the vicinity of the saturation momentum, using the NLO BFKL kernel, (ii) the pre-asymptotic behaviour of $\\ln\\Lb Q^2_s\\Lb Y \\Rb\\Rb$, as function of $Y$ and (iii) the impact parameter behaviour of the saturation momentum, which has exponential behaviour $\\propto \\exp\\Lb -\\, m\\, b\\Rb$ at large $b$.We demonstrated that the model is able to describe the experimental data for the deep inelastic structure function. Despite this, our model has difficulties that are related to the small va...
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
WU Xing-Gang; YU Yao; CHEN Gu; HAN Hua-Yong
2011-01-01
The B-meson decay constant fB is an important component for studying the B-meson decays, which can be studied through QCD sum rules.We make a detailed discussion on fB from two sum rules up to next-to-leading order, i.e.sum rules Ⅰ and Ⅱ, which are derived from the conventional correlator and the correlator with chiral currents respectively.It is found that these two sum rules are consistent with each other.The sum rules Ⅱ involves less non-perturbative condensates as that of sum rules Ⅰ, and in principle, it can be more accurate if we know the dimensionfour gluon condensate well.It is found that fB decreases with the increment of mb, and to compare with the Belle experimental data on fB, both sum rules Ⅰ and Ⅱ prefer smaller pole b-quark mass, mb = 4.68 ± 0.07 GeV.By varying all the input parameters within their reasonable regions and by adding all the uncertainties in quadrature, we obtain fB = 172+23-25 MeV for sum rules Ⅰ and fB = 214+26-34 MeV for sum rules Ⅱ.PACS numbers: 11.55.Hx, 12.38.-t, 13.20.He, 12.38.Lg
Vanasse, Jared
2016-01-01
Using halo effective field theory (EFT), an expansion in $R_{core}/R_{halo}$, where $R_{core}$ is the radius of the core and $R_{halo}$ the radius of the halo nucleus, we calculate the charge and neutron form factors of the two-neutron halo nuclei $^{11}$Li, $^{14}$Be, and $^{22}$C to next-to-leading-order (NLO) by treating them as an effective three-body system. From the form factors we extract the point charge and point matter radii, inter-neutron distance, and neutron opening angle. Agreement is found with existing experimental extractions. Results are given for the point charge and point matter radii for arbitrary neutron core scattering effective range, $\\rho_{cn}$, that can be used for predictions once $\\rho_{cn}$ is measured. Estimates for $\\rho_{cn}$ are also used to make NLO predictions. Finally, our point charge radii are compared to other halo-EFT predictions, and setting the core mass equal to the neutron mass our point charge radius is found to agree with an analytical prediction in the unitary l...
Damour, Thibault; Schäfer, Gerhard
2008-01-01
Using a recent, novel Hamiltonian formulation of the gravitational interaction of spinning binaries, we extend the Effective One Body (EOB) description of the dynamics of two spinning black holes to next-to-leading order (NLO) in the spin-orbit interaction. The spin-dependent EOB Hamiltonian is constructed from four main ingredients: (i) a transformation between the ``effective'' Hamiltonian and the ``real'' one, (ii) a generalized effective Hamilton-Jacobi equation involving higher powers of the momenta, (iii) a Kerr-type effective metric (with Pad\\'e-resummed coefficients) which depends on the choice of some basic ``effective spin vector'' $\\bf{S}_{\\rm eff}$, and which is deformed by comparable-mass effects, and (iv) an additional effective spin-orbit interaction term involving another spin vector $\\bsigma$. As a first application of the new, NLO spin-dependent EOB Hamiltonian, we compute the binding energy of circular orbits (for parallel spins) as a function of the orbital frequency, and of the spin param...
Zhou, Yaoyu; Liu, Xiaocheng; Tang, Lin; Zhang, Fengfeng; Zeng, Guangming; Peng, Xiangqi; Luo, Lin; Deng, Yaochen; Pang, Ya; Zhang, Jiachao
2017-07-05
Highly efficient simultaneous removal of Pb(II) and p-nitrophenol (PNP) contamination from water was accomplished by nitrogen-functionalized magnetic ordered mesoporous carbon (N-Fe/OMC). The mutual effects and inner mechanisms of their adsorption onto N-Fe/OMC were systematically investigated by sole and binary systems, and thermodynamic, sorption isotherm and adsorption kinetics models. The liquid-film diffusion step might be the rate-limiting step for PNP and Pb(II). The fitting of experimental data with Temkin model indicates that the adsorption process of PNP and Pb(II) involve physisorption and chemisorption. There exist site competition and enhancement of PNP and Pb(II) on the sorption to N-Fe/OMC. Moreover, N-Fe/OMC could be regenerated effectively and recycled by using dilute NaOH and acetone. These demonstrated superior properties of N-Fe/OMC indicate that it could be applied to treatment of wastewaters containing both lead and PNP. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Xiao, Zhen-Jun; Lin, Dong-Ting; Fan, Ying-Ying; Ma, Ai-Jun
2014-01-01
In this paper, we calculate the branching ratios and CP violating asymmetries of the five $\\bar{B}^0_s \\to (\\pi^0\\eta^{(*)},\\eta^{(*)}\\eta^{(*)})$ decays, by employing the perturbative QCD (pQCD) factorization approach and with the inclusion of all currently known next-to-leading order (NLO) contributions. We find that (a) the NLO contributions can provide about 100% enhancements to the LO pQCD predictions for the decay rates of $\\bar{B}_s^0 \\to \\eta\\eta^\\prime$ and $\\eta^\\prime \\eta^\\prime$ decays, but result in small changes to $Br(\\bar{B}_s \\to \\pi^0 \\eta^{(*)})$ and $Br(\\bar{B}_s \\to \\eta\\eta)$; (b) the newly known NLO twist-2 and twist-3 contributions to the relevant form factors can provide about 10% enhancements to the decay rates of the considered decays; (c) for $\\bar{B}_s \\to \\pi^0 \\eta^{(*)}$ decays, their direct CP-violating asymmetries $\\cala_f^{dir}$ could be enhanced significantly by the inclusion of the NLO contributions; and (d) the pQCD predictions for $Br(\\bar{B}_s \\to \\eta \\eta^{(*)})$ and...
Next-to-leading-order nonrelativistic QCD disfavors the interpretation of X(3872) as χc1(2P)
Butenschoen, Mathias; He, Zhi-Guo; Kniehl, Bernd A.
2013-07-01
We study χc1(2P)-inclusive hadroproduction at next-to-leading-order (NLO), both in αs and v2, within the factorization formalism of nonrelativistic quantum chromodynamics (NRQCD), including the color-singlet P1[1]3 and color-octet S1[8]3 cc¯ Fock states as well as the mixing of the latter with the D1[8]3 state. Assuming the recently discovered X(3872) hadron to be the JPC=1++ charmonium state χc1(2P), we perform a fit to the cross sections measured by the CDF, CMS, and LHCb Collaborations. We obtain either an unacceptably high value of χ2, a value of |R2P'(0)| incompatible with well-established potential models, or an intolerable violation of the NRQCD velocity rules. We thus conclude that NLO NRQCD is inconsistent with the hypothesis X(3872)≡χc1(2P).
Kitahara, Teppei; Tremper, Paul
2016-01-01
The standard analytic solution of the renormalization group (RG) evolution for the $\\Delta S = 1$ Wilson coefficients involves several singularities. In practical applications one either regularizes these singularities or circumvents the problem by using numerical integrations. In this paper we derive a singularity-free solution of the next-to-leading order (NLO) RG equations, which greatly facilitates the calculation of $\\epsilon_K^{\\prime}$, the measure of direct $CP$ violation in $K\\to\\pi\\pi$ decays. Using our new RG evolution and the latest lattice results for the hadronic matrix elements, we calculate the ratio $\\epsilon_{K}^{\\prime}/\\epsilon_{K}$ (with $\\epsilon_{K}$ quantifying indirect $CP$ violation) in the Standard Model (SM) at NLO to $\\epsilon_{K}^{\\prime}/\\epsilon_{K} = ( 0.96 \\pm 4.96 ) \\times 10^{-4}$, which is 2.9$\\,\\sigma$ below the experimental value. We also present the evolution matrix in the high-energy regime for calculations of new physics contributions and derive easy-to-use approximat...
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Sikora, W. [Faculty of Physics and Applied Computer Science, AGH-University of Science and Technology, al.Mickiewicza 30, 30-059 Cracow (Poland)]. E-mail: sikora@novell.ftj.agh.edu.pl; Pytlik, L. [Faculty of Physics and Applied Computer Science, AGH-University of Science and Technology, al.Mickiewicza 30, 30-059 Cracow (Poland); Bialas, F. [Nowy Sacz School of Busines-National Louis University, 33-300 Nowy Sacz (Poland); Malinowski, J. [Faculty of Physics and Applied Computer Science, AGH-University of Science and Technology, al.Mickiewicza 30, 30-059 Cracow (Poland)
2007-09-13
In this paper, the recent developments in practical applications of symmetry analysis are described. The theoretical basis shortly described in Section 1 has been implemented in several computer applications, one of which is the program 'MODY-win', developed by the authors of the paper. The program calculates the so-called basis vectors of irreducible representations of a given symmetry group, which can be used for calculation of possible ordering modes. Its practical application is demonstrated on some examples, presenting the recent aspects of using the symmetry analysis to description of various types of ordering encountered in solids. The scalar-type ordering (occupation probability) is discussed shortly for occupation of interstitial sites by hydrogen atoms in inter-metallic compounds. The description of vector ordering is demonstrated on the magnetic ordering modes, with special attention focused on the freedom that is left in the structure after imposing all the symmetry constraints. In practice, the final ordering mode usually contains some free parameters that cannot be determined from the symmetry itself. The last application presented in the paper is the description of quadrupolar ordering, recently found in some compounds of 4f (5f) elements. For the latter case, an additional advantage is demonstrated by calculation of possible displacements of neighboring atoms after the establishment of non-zero quadrupolar order parameter on the central atom.
Li, W; Thorne, RM; Bortnik, J.; Baker, DN; Reeves, GD; Kanekal, SG; Spence, HE; Green, JC
2015-01-01
©2015. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved. Determining preferential solar wind conditions leading to efficient radiation belt electron acceleration is crucial for predicting radiation belt electron dynamics. Using Van Allen Probes electron observations ( > 1 MeV) from 2012 to 2015, we identify a number of efficient and inefficient acceleration events separately to perform a superposed epoch analysis of the corresponding solar wind parameters and geomagnetic indices. By directly c...
Fractional order Buck-Boost converter in CCM: modelling, analysis and simulations
Wang, Faqiang; Ma, Xikui
2014-12-01
In this paper, the modelling, analysis and the power electronics simulator (PSIM) simulations of the fractional order Buck-Boost converter operating in continuous conduction mode (CCM) operation are investigated. Based on the three-terminal switch device method, the average circuit model of the fractional order Buck-Boost converter is established, and the corresponding DC equivalent circuit model and AC small signal equivalent circuit model are presented. And then, the equilibrium point and the transfer functions are derived. It is found that the equilibrium point is not influenced by the inductor's or the capacitor's order, but both these orders are included in the derived transfer functions. Finally, the comparisons between the theoretical analysis and the PSIM simulations are given for confirmation.
Technical Training on High-Order Spectral Analysis and Thermal Anemometry Applications
Maslov, A. A.; Shiplyuk, A. N.; Sidirenko, A. A.; Bountin, D. A.
2003-01-01
The topics of thermal anemometry and high-order spectral analyses were the subject of the technical training. Specifically, the objective of the technical training was to study: (i) the recently introduced constant voltage anemometer (CVA) for high-speed boundary layer; and (ii) newly developed high-order spectral analysis techniques (HOSA). Both CVA and HOSA are relevant tools for studies of boundary layer transition and stability.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2002-01-01
Based on pair potential, the Bragg Williams (B-W) model is modified to take into account the effect of the lattice parameter on theoretical order-disorder transformation analysis. The main purpose of this work is to understand the basic aspects of this effect and related reasonable model on order-disorder transformation. In the present approach, the configuration free energy is chosen as function of the lattice parameter and the long-range order. This energy is calculated through Taylor's expansion, starting from the disordered state. It was found that the configuration free energy has been strongly modified when the lattice parameter is taken into account. It was also found only one type of order-disorder transformation exists in AB alloy and three kinds of order-disorder transformations for non-equiatomic alloy system such as A3B alloy. This result is in agreement with experiments.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Polifka, Richard
2011-08-15
An inclusive dijet production in diffractive deep-inelastic scattering is measured. The diffractive selection is based on tagging of the leading proton in the Forward Proton Spectrometer. The statistics of events obtained during the HERA II running period (integrated luminosity of 156.7 pb{sup -1}) enables the measurement of jet final states with leading proton for the first time. The data cover the phase space of x{sub P}<0.1, vertical stroke t vertical stroke {<=}1.0 GeV{sup 2} and 4{<=} Q{sup 2} {<=}110 GeV{sup 2}. The dijet data are compared with the next to leading order predictions of the quantum chromodynamics (QCD). The phase space of diffractive dijets is in this analysis by factor of 3 in x{sub P} larger than in previous measurements. The QCD predictions based on the DGLAP parton evolution describe the measured data well even in a non-DGLAP enriched phase space where one on the jets goes into the region close to the direction of the outgoing proton. The measured single-differential cross sections are compared to several Monte Carlo models with different treatment of diffractive exchange implemented. (orig.)
Rimantho, Dino; Rahman, Tomy Abdul; Cahyadi, Bambang; Tina Hernawati, S.
2017-02-01
Calibration of instrumentation equipment in the pharmaceutical industry is an important activity to determine the true value of a measurement. Preliminary studies indicated that occur lead-time calibration resulted in disruption of production and laboratory activities. This study aimed to analyze the causes of lead-time calibration. Several methods used in this study such as, Six Sigma in order to determine the capability process of the calibration instrumentation of equipment. Furthermore, the method of brainstorming, Pareto diagrams, and Fishbone diagrams were used to identify and analyze the problems. Then, the method of Hierarchy Analytical Process (AHP) was used to create a hierarchical structure and prioritize problems. The results showed that the value of DPMO around 40769.23 which was equivalent to the level of sigma in calibration equipment approximately 3,24σ. This indicated the need for improvements in the calibration process. Furthermore, the determination of problem-solving strategies Lead Time Calibration such as, shortens the schedule preventive maintenance, increase the number of instrument Calibrators, and train personnel. Test results on the consistency of the whole matrix of pairwise comparisons and consistency test showed the value of hierarchy the CR below 0.1.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ramya Chari
2012-03-01
Full Text Available Susceptibility to chemical toxins has not been adequately addressed in risk assessment methodologies. As a result, environmental policies may fail to meet their fundamental goal of protecting the public from harm. This study examines how characterization of risk may change when susceptibility is explicitly considered in policy development; in particular we examine the process used by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA to set a National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS for lead. To determine a NAAQS, EPA estimated air lead-related decreases in child neurocognitive function through a combination of multiple data elements including concentration-response (CR functions. In this article, we present alternative scenarios for determining a lead NAAQS using CR functions developed in populations more susceptible to lead toxicity due to socioeconomic disadvantage. The use of CR functions developed in susceptible groups resulted in cognitive decrements greater than original EPA estimates. EPA’s analysis suggested that a standard level of 0.15 µg/m3 would fulfill decision criteria, but by incorporating susceptibility we found that options for the standard could reasonably be extended to lower levels. The use of data developed in susceptible populations would result in the selection of a more protective NAAQS under the same decision framework applied by EPA. Results are used to frame discussion regarding why cumulative risk assessment methodologies are needed to help inform policy development.
Gagliano-Candela, Roberto; Colucci, Anna P; Napoli, Salvatore
2008-03-01
This paper reports a method for the determination of the firing distance. Atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS) was used to determine the lead (Pb) pattern around bullet holes produced by shots on test targets from the gun. Test shots were made with a Colt 38 Special at 5, 10, 20, 25, 30, 35, 40, 45, 50, 60, 80, and 100 cm target distance. The target was created with sheets of Whatman no. 1 paper on a polystyrene support. The target was subdivided into three carefully cut out rings (1, 2, and 3; with external diameters of 1.4 cm; 5 cm; 10.2 cm, respectively). Each sample was analyzed with graphite furnace AAS. Lead values analysis performed for each ring yielded a linear relation between the firing distance (cm) and the logarithm of lead amounts (microg/cm(2)) in definite target areas (areas 2 + 3): [ln dPb(2+3) = a(0) + a(1)l]; where dPb(2+3) = lead microg/cm(2) of area 2 + 3; a(0) and a(1) are experimentally calculated; l = distance in cm.
Efficient high-order analysis of bowtie nanoantennas using the locally corrected Nystrom method
Chorsi, Hamid T
2016-01-01
It is demonstrated that the Locally Corrected Nystrom (LCN) method is a versatile and numerically efficient computational method for the modeling of scattering from plasmonic bowtie nanoantennas. The LCN method is a high-order analysis method that can provide exponential convergence. It is straightforward to implement, accurate and computationally efficient. To the best of the authors knowledge, the high-order LCN is here applied for the first time to 3D nanostructures. Numerical results show the accuracy and efficiency of the LCN applied to the electromagnetic analysis of nanostructures.
Comparative hazard analysis of processes leading to remarkable flash floods (France, 1930-1999)
Boudou, M.; Lang, M.; Vinet, F.; Cœur, D.
2016-10-01
Flash flood events are responsible for large economic losses and lead to fatalities every year in France. This is especially the case in the Mediterranean and oversea territories/departments of France, characterized by extreme hydro-climatological features and with a large part of the population exposed to flood risks. The recurrence of remarkable flash flood events, associated with high hazard intensity, significant damage and socio-political consequences, therefore raises several issues for authorities and risk management policies. This study aims to improve our understanding of the hazard analysis process in the case of four remarkable flood events: March 1930, October 1940, January 1980 and November 1999. Firstly, we present the methodology used to define the remarkability score of a flood event. Then, to identify the factors leading to a remarkable flood event, we explore the main parameters of the hazard analysis process, such as the meteorological triggering conditions, the return period of the rainfall and peak discharge, as well as some additional factors (initial catchment state, flood chronology, cascade effects, etc.). The results contribute to understanding the complexity of the processes leading to flood hazard and highlight the importance for risk managers of taking additional factors into account.
Design and analysis of spiral bevel gears with seventh-order function of transmission error
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Su Jinzhan; Fang Zongde; Cai Xiangwei
2013-01-01
This paper proposes a new approach to design and implement a seventh-order polyno-mial function of transmission error (TE) for spiral bevel gears with an aim to reduce the running vibration and noise of gear drive and improve the loaded distribution of the tooth. Based on the constraint conditions of predesigned seventh-order polynomial function curve and the theory of lin-ear algebra, the polynomial coefficients of the seventh-order polynomial function of transmission error can be obtained. By applying a method named reverse tooth contact analysis, the modified roll coefficients as well as parts of machine-tool settings for the face-milling of spiral bevel gears can be individually determined. Therefore, a predesigned seventh-order polynomial function of transmission error for spiral bevel gears can be obtained by the modified roll with high-order coef-ficients, and comparisons of the seventh-order polynomial and parabolic functions of transmission error are also performed. The achievement of spiral bevel gears with the seventh-order function of transmission error can be accomplished on a universal Cartesian-type hypoid gear generator or a numerically controlled cradle-style hypoid gear generator due to its simple generating motion of axes of the cradle and the work piece. The results of a numerical example show that the bending stresses of the tooth of seventh-order are less than those of a parabolic one, while the contact stres-ses remain almost equivalent.
River Sediment Analysis by Slurry Sampling FAAS: Determination of Copper, Zinc and Lead
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Alves Flávia L.
2001-01-01
Full Text Available An experimental procedure for direct sediment analysis was developed. Using this procedure, copper, zinc and lead were determined and quantitative recoveries for these metals were accomplished at a low cost and with minimal sample manipulation. The influence of the nitric acid concentration on the slurry preparation, as well as the sediment particle size was investigated. Sediment slurries were treated with 6.0 mol L-1 nitric acid and 2% (m/v ammonium chloride, and sonicated for 15 minutes in an ultrasonic bath before quantification by flame atomic absorption spectrometry. Using these conditions for a certified reference material, the percentage of recovery for copper, zinc and lead were 96.4 ± 4.9, 97.0 ± 4.0 and 99.7 ± 4.0, respectively.
Access Graphs Results for LRU versus FIFO under Relative Worst Order Analysis
Boyar, Joan; Larsen, Kim S
2012-01-01
Access graphs, which have been used previously in connection with competitive analysis to model locality of reference in paging, are considered in connection with relative worst order analysis. In this model, FWF is shown to be strictly worse than both LRU and FIFO on any access graph. LRU is shown to be strictly better than FIFO on paths and cycles, but they are incomparable on some families of graphs which grow with the length of the sequences.
Dynamic Analysis of Kineto-Elastic Beam System with Second-order Effect
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
LU Nian-li; LUO Bing; XIA Yong-jun
2009-01-01
Dynamic equations of motional flexible beam elements were derived considering second-order effect. Non-linear finite element method and three-node Euler-Bernoulli beam elements were used. Because accuracy is higher in non-linear structural analysis, three-node beam elements are used to deduce shape functions and stiffness matrices in dynamic equations of flexible elements. Static condensation method was used to obtain the finial dynamic equations of three-node beam elements. According to geometrical relations of nodal displacements in concomitant and global coordinate system, dynamic equations of elements can be transformed to global coordinate system by concomitant coordinate method in order to build the global dynamic equations. Analyzed amplitude condition of flexible arm support of a port crane, the results show that second-order effect should be considered in kinetic-elastic analysis for heavy load machinery of big flexibility.
Rakkiyappan, R; Velmurugan, G; Cao, Jinde
2015-04-01
In this paper, the problem of the existence, uniqueness and uniform stability of memristor-based fractional-order neural networks (MFNNs) with two different types of memductance functions is extensively investigated. Moreover, we formulate the complex-valued memristor-based fractional-order neural networks (CVMFNNs) with two different types of memductance functions and analyze the existence, uniqueness and uniform stability of such networks. By using Banach contraction principle and analysis technique, some sufficient conditions are obtained to ensure the existence, uniqueness and uniform stability of the considered MFNNs and CVMFNNs with two different types of memductance functions. The analysis results establish from the theory of fractional-order differential equations with discontinuous right-hand sides. Finally, four numerical examples are presented to show the effectiveness of our theoretical results.
Performance Analysis of High-Order Numerical Methods for Time-Dependent Acoustic Field Modeling
Moy, Pedro Henrique Rocha
2012-07-01
The discretization of time-dependent wave propagation is plagued with dispersion in which the wavefield is perceived to travel with an erroneous velocity. To remediate the problem, simulations are run on dense and computationally expensive grids yielding plausible approximate solutions. This work introduces an error analysis tool which can be used to obtain optimal simulation parameters that account for mesh size, orders of spatial and temporal discretizations, angles of propagation, temporal stability conditions (usually referred to as CFL conditions), and time of propagation. The classical criteria of 10-15 nodes per wavelength for second-order finite differences, and 4-5 nodes per wavelength for fourth-order spectral elements are shown to be unrealistic and overly-optimistic simulation parameters for different propagation times. This work analyzes finite differences, spectral elements, optimally-blended spectral elements, and isogeometric analysis.
Numerical Analysis of Forth-Order Boundary Value Problems in Fluid Mechanics and Mathematics
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Hosseinzadeh, E.; Barari, Amin; Fouladi, F.
2011-01-01
In this paper He's variational iteration method is used to solve some examples of linear and non-linear forth-order boundary value problems. The first problem compared with homotopy analysis method solution and the other ones with the exact solution. The results show the high accuracy and speed...
Numerical analysis of fourth-order boundary value problems in fluid mechanics and mathematics
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Hosseinzadeh, Elham; Barari, Amin; Fouladi, Fama
2010-01-01
In this paper He's variational iteration method is used to solve some examples of linear and non-linear forth-order boundary value problems. The first problem compared with homotopy analysis method solution and the other ones with the exact solution. The results show the high accuracy and speed...
Numerical Analysis of Forth-Order Boundary Value Problems in Fluid Mechanics and Mathematics
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Hosseinzadeh, E.; Barari, Amin; Fouladi, F.
2011-01-01
In this paper He's variational iteration method is used to solve some examples of linear and non-linear forth-order boundary value problems. The first problem compared with homotopy analysis method solution and the other ones with the exact solution. The results show the high accuracy and speed...
Numerical analysis and optimization of a dual-order mode all-optical wavelength converter
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Nielsen, Mads Lønstrup; Wolfson, David; Kloch, Allan;
2001-01-01
A numerical analysis of a dual-order mode (DOMO) wavelength converter has been carried out. We optimize the waveguide dimensions for high speed and compare to a single mode device. We also identify a crosstalk penalty when converting to wavelengths close to the original....
2012-06-15
... Johnson & Johnson and Synthes, Inc.; Analysis of Agreement Containing Consent Orders to Aid Public Comment... Comment part of the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section below. Write ``Johnson & Johnson, File No. 111 0160... consider your comment, we must receive it on or before July 12, 2012. Write ``Johnson & Johnson, File No...
78 FR 46950 - Ecobaby Organics, Inc.; Analysis of Proposed Consent Order To Aid Public Comment
2013-08-02
... claims. \\2\\ See Guides for the Use of Environmental Marketing Claims, 77 FR 62, 122, 62,123 (Oct. 11... Ecobaby Organics, Inc.; Analysis of Proposed Consent Order To Aid Public Comment AGENCY: Federal Trade.... Write ``Ecobaby Organics, File No. 122 3129'' on your comment and file your comment online at...
van der Veen, Willem; de Gier, Han J. J.; van der Schaaf, Tjerk; Taxis, Katja; van den Bemt, Patricia M. L. A.
2013-01-01
Background Computerized physician order entry (CPOE) in hospitals is widely considered to be important for patient safety, but implementation is lagging behind and user satisfaction is often low. Risk analysis methods may improve the implementation process and thus user satisfaction. Objective The a
Journee, Henricus Louis; Postma, Alida Annechien; Sun, Mingui; Staal, Michiel J.
2008-01-01
Introduction: Conventional linear signal processing techniques are not always suitable for the detection of tremor bursts in clinical practice due to inevitable noise from electromyographic (EMG) bursts. This study introduces (1) a non-linear analysis technique based on a running second order moment
Birth order and childhood type 1 diabetes risk: a pooled analysis of 31 observational studies
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Cardwell, Chris R; Stene, Lars C; Joner, Geir
2011-01-01
The incidence rates of childhood onset type 1 diabetes are almost universally increasing across the globe but the aetiology of the disease remains largely unknown. We investigated whether birth order is associated with the risk of childhood diabetes by performing a pooled analysis of previous...
Using Order Tracking Analysis Method to Detect the Angle Faults of Blades on Wind Turbine
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Li, Pengfei; Hu, Weihao; Liu, Juncheng;
2016-01-01
The angle faults of blades on wind turbines are usually included in the set angle fault and the pitch angle fault. They are occupied with a high proportion in all wind turbine faults. Compare with the traditional fault detection methods, using order tracking analysis method to detect angle faults...
77 FR 16224 - Billion Auto, Inc.; Analysis of Proposed Consent Order To Aid Public Comment
2012-03-20
... Billion Auto, Inc.; Analysis of Proposed Consent Order To Aid Public Comment AGENCY: Federal Trade... SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section below. Write ``Billion Auto, File No. 112 3209'' on your comment, and file... comment, we must receive it on or before April 16, 2012. Write ``Billion Auto, File No. 112 3209'' on your...
Teacher Misbehaviour: An Analysis of Disciplinary Orders by the General Teaching Council for England
Page, Damien
2013-01-01
This article presents findings from a documentary analysis of 300 disciplinary orders against teachers from the General Teaching Council (GTC) for England. While the extant literature concerning teacher misbehaviour focuses primarily on pedagogical practice, this article draws on the wider organisational misbehaviour paradigm and views teachers as…
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Chan-Ki Min
2008-01-01
Full Text Available Orientia tsutsugamushi, the causative agent of scrub typhus, is an obligate intracellular bacterium that belongs to the order of Rickettsiales. Recently, we have reported that O. tsutsugamushi has a unique genomic structure, consisting of highly repetitive sequences, and suggested that it may provide valuable insight into the evolution of intracellular bacteria. Here, we have used genomic information to construct the major metabolic pathways of O. tsutsugamushi and performed a comparative analysis of the metabolic genes and pathways of O. tsutsugamushi with other members of the Rickettsiales order. While O. tsutsugamushi has the largest genome among the members of this order, mainly due to the presence of repeated sequences, its metabolic pathways have been highly streamlined. Overall, the metabolic pathways of O. tsutsugamushi were similar to Rickettsia but there were notable differences in several pathways including carbohydrate metabolism, the TCA cycle, and the synthesis of cell wall components as well as in the transport systems. Our results will provide a useful guide to the postgenomic analysis of O. tsutsugamushi and lead to a better understanding of the virulence and physiology of this intracellular pathogen.
FeAs2 formation and electronic nematic ordering: Analysis in terms of structural transformations
Pishtshev, A.; Rubin, P.
2016-02-01
By combining DFT-based computational analysis and symmetry constraints in terms of group-subgroup relations, we analyzed the formation of the native crystalline structure of loellingite FeAs2. We showed that the ground state of the material exhibits the ordered patterns of the electronic localization which are mainly associated with iron 3 dx2-y2 orbitals and can be characterized in terms of nematiclike ordering. The ordering is the result of the close interplay of the lattice and the electron degrees of freedom. In a structural aspect, the interplay pursues an energy quest to select the orthorhombic crystal lattice attributed to the P n n m space group. In a charge aspect, the ordering is connected with the valence charge density redistribution that not only provides a high electronic polarizability but also gives rise to an extra-large magnitude of the negative component of the dynamical p -d charge transfer.
Structural characterization of lead sulfide thin films by means of X-ray line profile analysis
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
N Choudhury; B K Sarma
2009-02-01
X-ray diffraction patterns of chemically deposited lead sulphide thin films have been recorded and X-ray line profile analysis studies have been carried out. The lattice parameter, crystallite size, average internal stress and microstrain in the film are calculated and correlated with molarities of the solutions. Both size and strain are found to contribute towards the broadening of X-ray diffraction line. The values of the crystallite size are found to be within the range from 22–33 nm and the values of strain to be within the range from 1.0 × 10-3–2.5 × 10-3.
GCM Analysis of the collective properties of lead isotopes with exact projection on particle numbers
Heenen, P H; Bender, M; Bonche, P; Flocard, Hubert
2001-01-01
We present a microscopic analysis of the collective behaviour of the lead isotopes in the vicinity of Pb208. In this study, we rely on a coherent approach based on the Generator Coordinate Method including exact projection on N and Z numbers within a collective space generated by means of the constrained Hartree-Fock BCS method. With the same Hamiltonian used in HF+BCS calculations, we have performed a comprehensive study including monopole, quadrupole and octupole excitations as well as pairing vibrations. We find that, for the considered nuclei, the collective modes which modify the most the conclusions drawn from the mean-field theory are the octupole and pairing vibrations.
An Analysis Of Leading Character’s Conflict In Nicholas Sparks’ Novel The Notebook
Simamora, Agreny Melisa
2014-01-01
The title of this thesis is An Analysis of Leading Character’s Conflict In Nicholas Sparks’ The Notebook which is a kind of Allie’s conflict in her life. The conflict is devided into three such as Allie’s internal conflict, Allie’s external conflict with Noah (her boyfriend) and Allie’s external conflict with her parents. The conflict can happen because the choices cannot be fullfilled, where Allie’s parents do not agree with her decision because different status, Allie comes from a rich fami...
Terluin, I.J.; Post, J.H.; Sjöström, Å.
1999-01-01
In this study a comparative analysis of factors hampering and encouraging the development of employment in 9 leading and 9 lagging regions in the EU during the 1980s and the first half of the 1990s is made. Derived from this comparative analysis, some lessons, which leading and lagging rural regions
Terluin, I.J.; Post, J.H.; Sjöström, Å.
1999-01-01
In this study a comparative analysis of factors hampering and encouraging the development of employment in 9 leading and 9 lagging regions in the EU during the 1980s and the first half of the 1990s is made. Derived from this comparative analysis, some lessons, which leading and lagging rural regions
Application of risk analysis and quality control methods for improvement of lead molding process
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
H. Gołaś
2016-10-01
Full Text Available The aim of the paper is to highlight the significance of implication of risk analysis and quality control methods for the improvement of parameters of lead molding process. For this reason, Fault Mode and Effect Analysis (FMEA was developed in the conceptual stage of a new product TC-G100-NR. However, the final product was faulty (a complete lack of adhesion of brass insert to leak regardless of the previously defined potential problem and its preventive action. It contributed to the recognition of root causes, corrective actions and change of production parameters. It showed how these methods, level of their organization, systematic and rigorous study affect molding process parameters.
Comparative Analysis for Polluted Agricultural Soils with Arsenic, Lead, and Mercury in Mexico
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Yarto-Ramirez, Mario; Santos-Santos, Elvira; Gavilan-Garcia, Arturo; Castro-Diaz, Jose; Gavilan-Garcia, Irma Cruz; Rosiles, Rene; Suarez, Sara
2004-03-31
The use of mercury in Mexico has been associated with the mining industry of Zacatecas. This activity has polluted several areas currently used for agriculture. The main objective of this study was to investigate the heavy metal concentration (Hg, As and Pb) in soil of Guadalupe Zacatecas in order to justify a further environmental risk assessment in the site. A 2X3 km grid was used for the sampling process and 20 soil samples were taken. The analysis was developed using EPA SW 846: 3050B/6010B method for arsenic and metals and EPA SW 846: 7471A for total mercury. It was concluded that there are heavy metals in agricultural soils used for corn and bean farming. For this it is required to make an environmental risk assessment and a bioavailability study in order to determine if there's a risk for heavy metals bioaccumulation in animals or human beings or metal lixiviation to aquifers.
Stability Analysis of a Class of Fractional-order Neural Networks
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Tao Zou
2013-09-01
Full Text Available In this paper, the problems of the existence and uniqueness of solutions and stability for a class of fractional-order neural networks are studied by using Banach fixed point principle and analysis technique, respectively. A sufficient condition is given to ensure the existence and uniqueness of solutions and uniform stability of solutions for fractional-order neural networks with variable coefficients and multiple time delays. The obtained results improve and extend some previous works to some extent, and they are easy to check in practice. An illustrative example is presented to show the validity and application of the proposed results.
Ordered Rape: A Principal-Agent Analysis of Wartime Sexual Violence in the DR Congo.
Schneider, Gerald; Banholzer, Lilli; Albarracin, Laura
2015-11-01
Policy makers and academics often contend that organizational anarchy permits soldiers to perpetrate sexual violence. A recent United Nations report supports this thesis especially with regard to the massive sexual abuse in the Congolese civil war. We challenge the anarchy argument and maintain, based on a principal-agent framework, that opportunistic military commanders can order their soldiers to rape through the use of sanctions and rewards. Our qualitative and quantitative analysis of a survey of 96 Congolese ex-soldiers shows that ordered rape is more likely in organizations where soldiers fear punishment and in which commanders distribute drugs as stimulants.
Akhras, G.; Cheung, M. S.; Li, W.
1994-08-01
In the present study, a finite strip method for the elastic analysis of anisotropic laminated composite plates is developed according to higher-order shear deformation theory. This theory accounts for the parabolic distribution of the transverse shear strains through the thickness of the plate and for zero transverse shear stresses on the plate surfaces. In comparison with the finite strip method based on first-order shear deformation theory, the present method gives improved results while using approximately the same number of degrees of freedom. It also eliminates the need for shear correction factors in calculating the transverse shear stiffness.
STUDY & ANALYSIS OF SECURED E-COMMERCE TRANSACTIONS INFORMATION PROTOCOLS-PURCHASING ORDER
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Deepu Soni
2012-09-01
Full Text Available Electronic Commerce is the very rapid growing field in today’s scenario. It is used for Purchasing Order i.e. for buying and selling electronic goods and all other type of things. And there is need for development of a number of e-commerce protocols, which ensure integrity, confidentiality, atomicity and fair exchange.The protocol uses a smart card for ensuring mutual authentication, dispute resolution and fair exchange and reduces reliance on a trusted third party. Also study and analysis of the security in e-transactions may avoid some of the frauds on internet transactionsfor purchasing and buying orders.
Spatio-chromatic adaptation via higher-order canonical correlation analysis of natural images.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Michael U Gutmann
Full Text Available Independent component and canonical correlation analysis are two general-purpose statistical methods with wide applicability. In neuroscience, independent component analysis of chromatic natural images explains the spatio-chromatic structure of primary cortical receptive fields in terms of properties of the visual environment. Canonical correlation analysis explains similarly chromatic adaptation to different illuminations. But, as we show in this paper, neither of the two methods generalizes well to explain both spatio-chromatic processing and adaptation at the same time. We propose a statistical method which combines the desirable properties of independent component and canonical correlation analysis: It finds independent components in each data set which, across the two data sets, are related to each other via linear or higher-order correlations. The new method is as widely applicable as canonical correlation analysis, and also to more than two data sets. We call it higher-order canonical correlation analysis. When applied to chromatic natural images, we found that it provides a single (unified statistical framework which accounts for both spatio-chromatic processing and adaptation. Filters with spatio-chromatic tuning properties as in the primary visual cortex emerged and corresponding-colors psychophysics was reproduced reasonably well. We used the new method to make a theory-driven testable prediction on how the neural response to colored patterns should change when the illumination changes. We predict shifts in the responses which are comparable to the shifts reported for chromatic contrast habituation.
Spatio-chromatic adaptation via higher-order canonical correlation analysis of natural images.
Gutmann, Michael U; Laparra, Valero; Hyvärinen, Aapo; Malo, Jesús
2014-01-01
Independent component and canonical correlation analysis are two general-purpose statistical methods with wide applicability. In neuroscience, independent component analysis of chromatic natural images explains the spatio-chromatic structure of primary cortical receptive fields in terms of properties of the visual environment. Canonical correlation analysis explains similarly chromatic adaptation to different illuminations. But, as we show in this paper, neither of the two methods generalizes well to explain both spatio-chromatic processing and adaptation at the same time. We propose a statistical method which combines the desirable properties of independent component and canonical correlation analysis: It finds independent components in each data set which, across the two data sets, are related to each other via linear or higher-order correlations. The new method is as widely applicable as canonical correlation analysis, and also to more than two data sets. We call it higher-order canonical correlation analysis. When applied to chromatic natural images, we found that it provides a single (unified) statistical framework which accounts for both spatio-chromatic processing and adaptation. Filters with spatio-chromatic tuning properties as in the primary visual cortex emerged and corresponding-colors psychophysics was reproduced reasonably well. We used the new method to make a theory-driven testable prediction on how the neural response to colored patterns should change when the illumination changes. We predict shifts in the responses which are comparable to the shifts reported for chromatic contrast habituation.
Describe lead synthesis experiments conduced to model the impact of water quality on lead particles and solubility Develop a model system that can be used for lead solubility studies Understand how phosphates impact morphology and solubility transformations with time
Stochastic modelling and predictability: analysis of a low-order coupled ocean-atmosphere model.
Vannitsem, Stéphane
2014-06-28
There is a growing interest in developing stochastic schemes for the description of processes that are poorly represented in atmospheric and climate models, in order to increase their variability and reduce the impact of model errors. The use of such noise could however have adverse effects by modifying in undesired ways a certain number of moments of their probability distributions. In this work, the impact of developing a stochastic scheme (based on stochastic averaging) for the ocean is explored in the context of a low-order coupled (deterministic) ocean-atmosphere system. After briefly analysing its variability, its ability in predicting the oceanic flow generated by the coupled system is investigated. Different phases in the error dynamics are found: for short lead times, an initial overdispersion of the ensemble forecast is present while the ensemble mean follows a dynamics reminiscent of the combined amplification of initial condition and model errors for deterministic systems; for longer lead times, a reliable diffusive ensemble spread is observed. These different phases are also found for ensemble-oriented skill measures like the Brier score and the rank histogram. The implications of these features on building stochastic models are then briefly discussed.
Nandi, Debottam; Shankaranarayanan, S.
2016-10-01
In this work, we present a consistent Hamiltonian analysis of cosmological perturbations for generalized non-canonical scalar fields. In order to do so, we introduce a new phase-space variable that is uniquely defined for different non-canonical scalar fields. We also show that this is the simplest and efficient way of expressing the Hamiltonian. We extend the Hamiltonian approach of [1] to non-canonical scalar field and obtain an unique expression of speed of sound in terms of phase-space variable. In order to invert generalized phase-space Hamilton's equations to Euler-Lagrange equations of motion, we prescribe a general inversion formulae and show that our approach for non-canonical scalar field is consistent. We also obtain the third and fourth order interaction Hamiltonian for generalized non-canonical scalar fields and briefly discuss the extension of our method to generalized Galilean scalar fields.
Nandi, Debottam
2016-01-01
In this work, we present a consistent Hamiltonian analysis of cosmological perturbations for generalized non-canonical scalar fields. In order to do so, we introduce a new phase-space variable that is uniquely defined for different non-canonical scalar fields. We also show that this is the simplest and efficient way of expressing the Hamiltonian. We extend the Hamiltonian approach of [arXiv:1512.02539] to non-canonical scalar field and obtain a new definition of speed of sound in phase-space. In order to invert generalized phase-space Hamilton's equations to Euler-Lagrange equations of motion, we prescribe a general inversion formulae and show that our approach for non-canonical scalar field is consistent. We also obtain the third and fourth order interaction Hamiltonian for generalized non-canonical scalar fields and briefly discuss the extension of our method to generalized Galilean scalar fields.