WorldWideScience

Sample records for le transport maritime

  1. Le détroit de Gibraltar dans la mondialisation des transports maritimes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nora Mareï

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Le détroit de Gibraltar est une voie de passage intercontinentale et interocéanique majeure. Tout autour du détroit trois Etats ont pris place : l’Espagne, le Maroc, le Royaume-Uni. Ils sont imbriquées les uns aux autres par un jeu d’enclaves territoriales et dépendent les uns des autres pour la circulation des biens et des personnes à travers le détroit. Cette circulation, intégrée dans les grands flux marchands et humains qui dominent la planète, fait toute l’attractivité des lieux et entraîne une organisation maritime et terrestre singulière autour de ce seuil océanique. En particulier, les terminaux portuaires se sont développés de manière spectaculaire et accueillent aujourd’hui les principaux transporteurs mondiaux. Cette faveur donnée au développement économique a de nombreux effets pervers, qui s’ils ne sont pas pris en compte rapidement, mèneront à une fragilisation des territoires frontaliers du détroit.The Strait of Gibraltar is a major intercontinental and interoceanic route for maritime traffic. Three states surrend the Strait: Spain, Morocco, and the United Kingdom. Being territorial enclaves, they overlap and depend of each others for regulating the circulation of goods and people through the strait. This intercirculation, integrated in major merchant and human flows which dominate the world, makes all the interest of the place and creates a singular maritime and spatial organization around this oceanic chokepoint. In particular, port terminals have grown rapidly and hosting major global carriers. But, the preminence given to the economic development has many perverse effects on the territories bordering the strait.

  2. EUROPEAN MARITIME TRANSPORT POLICY

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    Jerzy Kujawa

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The article describes the common EU policy on maritime transport, which comprises almost 80% of the volume of external trade of the Union and about 40% of internal transport needs. The first part of the paper presents the origins of the common maritime transport policy and the difficulties encountered during its initial formation. Subsequently, the evolution of the concepts of the policy and its current shape is discussed. The final, substantial part of the article describes the main aims and directions of the EU maritime transport policy and includes an evaluation of the effects of the policy.

  3. Le patrimoine maritime. Études de cas en Europe

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    FLORENTINA-CRISTINA MERCIU

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Le patrimoine maritime représente une catégorie particulière du patrimoine culturel qui s’individualise par des éléments matériels ou immat ériels liés aux activités humaines qui ont été déroulées en relation avec les ressources et les mi lieux maritimes. Le but de cette étude est de mettre en évidence les caractéristiques du patrimoi ne maritime au niveau du territoire européen par une sélection de quelques études de cas considé rées représentatives. La diversité des conditions physico-géographiques et la particularit é des cultures locales ont donné le caractère de diversité du patrimoine maritime des pays européens .

  4. Climate change and maritime transport on the Saint Lawrence : exploratory study of adaptation options; Changements climatiques et transport maritime sur le Saint-Laurent : etude exploratoir d'options d'adaptation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    D' Arcy, P. [Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Quebec Region, PQ (Canada); Bibeault, J.F. [Environment Canada, Montreal, PQ (Canada). Meteorological Service of Canada; Raffa, R. [Transport Quebec, Quebec, PQ (Canada)

    2005-07-01

    Some climate change scenarios envisage a decrease in water levels in the Saint Lawrence Seaway, which could have appreciable impacts on commercial navigation. This study focused on climate adaptation options that would allow maritime and harbour activities to remain at their current level. The study was divided into two parts. The first part evaluated the modelled water levels in the river part of the St. Lawrence from Montreal to Quebec City. The evaluation was carried out using a numerical hydraulic model which integrated the results of the most recent climatic scenarios for the Great Lakes Basin, the Ottawa River and apprehended rising ocean levels. According to the worst case climatic scenario, the decrease in water levels could reach 1 meter in Montreal and 30 centimetres at Trois-Rivieres. Simulations identified the area around Becancour as the limit for the effect of water level decrease. New regulations to be adopted by the International Joint Committee will seek to share the impacts between the upstream, Great Lakes and the downstream, Saint Lawrence Seaway. The paper emphasized the complexity of predicting the recurrence of hydrological events of this magnitude because of the uncertainty of climatic conditions. The second part of the study presented 2 options for commercial navigation in changing water levels. The first option excluded any physical modification from the river, while the second included alteration work. The economic, environmental and social impacts of both options were discussed. refs., tabs., figs.

  5. Green maritime transportation: Speed and route optimization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Psaraftis, Harilaos N.; Kontovas, Christos A.

    2015-01-01

    Among the spectrum of logistics-based measures for green maritime transportation, this chapter focuses on speed optimization. This involves the selection of an appropriate speed by the vessel, so as to optimize a certain objective. As ship speed is not fixed, depressed shipping markets and/or high...

  6. Risk management of oil maritime transportation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Idelhakkar, Brahim; Hamza, F. [Universite Abdelmalek Essaadi, FSJES, Tanger (Morocco)

    2011-03-15

    The largest oil deposits discovered in the world are located in places far from developed countries that are major consumers of energy. This situation is the reason why, for two decades, huge quantities of hydrocarbons are transported everywhere in the world either by sea or by road. The oil trade and the market are subject to an inexorable competitive pricing. In reality, the age of the tanker intervenes in the decision-making process; it is often the cheapest available tonnage offered by the oldest ships that controls prices. It is therefore difficult to ensure that quality pays for; this phenomenon probably involves some risk for the maritime security as a whole: human (accidents, shipwrecks) and environmental (vegetation pollution e.g. fauna and flora), and on health. (orig.)

  7. Current Market Trends Maritime Transport Services

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    Florin Dan Puscaciu

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Maritime transport services is a fundamental component of international logistics, given that approximately 80% of world trade is carried by sea. Also, considering the spatial distribution of resources according to the processing sites and disposal of finished goods and the fact that nearly two thirds of the globe is covered by water, has led a Norwegian ship-owner, Erling Næss, to claim that "Divinity has been very generous with ship owners."In the 3rd millennium, when this study was done, there were a number of trends representing some sequels of a prior period and also a series of phenomenon of the current period. We aim to address key market segments of shipping. In order to carry out the graphs and determine the indicators we used Matlab software.

  8. Development of nuclear spent fuel Maritime transportation scenario

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yoo, Min; Kang, Hyun Gook [KAIST, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-08-15

    Spent fuel transportation of South Korea is to be conducted through near sea because it is able to ship a large amount of the spent fuel far from the public comparing to overland transportation. The maritime transportation is expected to be increased and its risk has to be assessed. For the risk assessment, this study utilizes the probabilistic safety assessment (PSA) method and the notions of the combined event. Risk assessment of maritime transportation of spent fuel is not well developed in comparison with overland transportation. For the assessment, first, the transportation scenario should be developed and categorized. Categories are assorted into the locations, release aspects and exposure aspects. This study deals with accident that happens on voyage and concentrated on ship-ship collision. The collision accident scenario is generated with event tree analysis. The scenario will be exploited for the maritime transportation risk model which includes consequence and accident probability.

  9. Exploitation de données AIS pour la cartographie du transport maritime

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    Damien Le Guyader

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Cet article présente une méthodologie de caractérisation spatiale, temporelle et quantitative du transport maritime en rade de Brest (Bretagne, France, difficile à appréhender du fait de sa forte variabilité. Par la mobilisation d'une base d'informations spatio-temporelles issues de données AIS (Automatic Identification System et le recours à des procédures d'analyse spatiale mises en œuvre au sein d'un SIG (Système d'Information Géographique, le trafic maritime quotidien de charge et de passagers est identifié, quantifié et cartographié pour une année.

  10. Green maritime transportation: Market based measures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Psaraftis, Harilaos N.

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this chapter is to introduce the concept of Market Based Measures (MBMs) to reduce Green House Gas (GHG) emissions from ships, and review several distinct MBM proposals that have been under consideration by the International Maritime Organization (IMO). The chapter discusses...

  11. Le califat méditerranéen et maritime de Denia

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    Travis Bruce

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available La désintégration du califat de Cordoue au début du XIe siècle a ouvert la porte à une nouvelle appréhension de l’espace politique et religieux islamique. Mujāhid al-‘Āmirī, souverain de la taifa de Denia sur la côte orientale, s’est lancé dans la création d’un califat ex novo sur la frontière maritime islamique. Rappelant la politique des premiers califes umayyades, Mujāhid a pensé son état en termes de jihād et d’expansion territoriale, et non pas en termes d’appropriation d’un espace déjà islamisé. La singularité de cette ambition fut double. D’une part, la création d’un califat afin de légitimer ce jihād maritime renforce l’idée d’une action de lutte contre le dār al-ḥarb et non pas seulement une piraterie particulièrement agressive. D’autre part, l’espace sacralisé par Mujāhid et le jihād mené sous son autorité comprenait autant les routes maritimes que les côtes et les îles qui le délimitaient. Le califat de Denia se solda en échec, mais la guerre sainte maritime qu’il avait inaugurée se poursuivit ; la taifa de Denia demeura un avant-poste d’Islam sur la frontière maritime, ses navires étaient des extensions réticulaires et mobiles de l’espace islamique.

  12. Review of Maritime Transportation Air Emission Pollution and Policy Analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Haifeng; LIU Dahai; DAI Guilin

    2009-01-01

    The study of air emission in maritime transportation is new, and the recognition of its importance has been rising in the recent decade. The emissions of CO2, SO2, NO2 and particulate matters from maritime transportation have contributed to climate change and environmental degradation. Scientifically, analysts still have controversies regarding how to calculate the emissions and how to choose the baseline and methodologies. Three methods are generally used, namely the 'bottom up' approach, the 'top down' approach and the STEEM, which produce very different results, leading to various papers with great uncertainties. This, in turn, results in great difficulties to policy makers who attempt to regulate the emissions. A recent technique, the STEEM, is intended to combine the former two methods to reduce their drawbacks. However, the regulations based on its results may increase the costs of shipping companies and cause the competitiveness of the port states and coastal states. Quite a few papers have focused on this area and provided another fresh perspective for the air emission to be incorporated in maritime transportation regulations; these facts deserve more attention. This paper is to review the literature on the debates over air emission calculation, with particular attention given to the STEEM and the refined estimation methods. It also reviews related literature on the economic analysis of maritime transportation emission regulations, and provides an insight into such analysis. At the end of this paper, based on a review and analysis of previous literature, we conclude with the policy indications in the future and work that should be done. As the related regulations in maritime transportation emissions are still at their beginning stage in China, this paper provides specific suggestions on how China should regulate emissions in the maritime transportation sector.

  13. Review of maritime transportation air emission pollution and policy analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Haifeng; Liu, Dahai; Dai, Guilin

    2009-09-01

    The study of air emission in maritime transportation is new, and the recognition of its importance has been rising in the recent decade. The emissions of CO2, SO2, NO2 and particulate matters from maritime transportation have contributed to climate change and environmental degradation. Scientifically, analysts still have controversies regarding how to calculate the emissions and how to choose the baseline and methodologies. Three methods are generally used, namely the ‘bottom up’ approach, the ‘top down’ approach and the STEEM, which produce very different results, leading to various papers with great uncertainties. This, in turn, results in great difficulties to policy makers who attempt to regulate the emissions. A recent technique, the STEEM, is intended to combine the former two methods to reduce their drawbacks. However, the regulations based on its results may increase the costs of shipping companies and cause the competitiveness of the port states and coastal states. Quite a few papers have focused on this area and provided another fresh perspective for the air emission to be incorporated in maritime transportation regulations; these facts deserve more attention. This paper is to review the literature on the debates over air emission calculation, with particular attention given to the STEEM and the refined estimation methods. It also reviews related literature on the economic analysis of maritime transportation emission regulations, and provides an insight into such analysis. At the end of this paper, based on a review and analysis of previous literature, we conclude with the policy indications in the future and work that should be done. As the related regulations in maritime transportation emissions are still at their beginning stage in China, this paper provides specific suggestions on how China should regulate emissions in the maritime transportation sector.

  14. Le retour de la revendication maritime bolivienne (A Renewal of Bolivian Maritime Reprisals

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    Laetitia Perrier-Bruslé

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Le 23 mars de chaque année, la Bolivie commémore la perte de sa façade Pacifique. Ce Dia del Mar (jour de la mer est l’occasion de raviver le désir collectif de récupérer le littoral, perdu en 1879 lors de la guerre du Pacifique qui opposa au Chili la Bolivie alliée au Pérou. Cette aspiration, parce qu’elle est au cœur de la mémoire nationale, est centrale dans la vie politique bolivienne et l’année 2011 a été marquée par une politique extérieure plus engagée sur cette question.

  15. Formal Vulnerability Assessment of a maritime transportation system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Berle, Oyvind, E-mail: berle@ntnu.n [Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Department of Marine Technology, Trondheim (Norway); Asbjornslett, Bjorn Egil [Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Department of Marine Technology, Trondheim (Norway); Rice, James B. [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Center for Transportation and Logistics, Cambridge (United States)

    2011-06-15

    World trade increasingly relies on longer, larger and more complex supply chains, where maritime transportation is a vital backbone of such operations. Long and complex supply chain systems are more prone to being vulnerable, though through reviews, no specific methods have been found to assess vulnerabilities of a maritime transportation system. Most existing supply chain risk assessment frameworks require risks to be foreseen to be mitigated, rather than giving transportation systems the ability to cope with unforeseen threats and hazards. In assessing cost-efficiency, societal vulnerability versus industrial cost of measures should be included. This conceptual paper presents a structured Formal Vulnerability Assessment (FVA) methodology, seeking to transfer the safety-oriented Formal Safety Assessment (FSA) framework into the domain of maritime supply chain vulnerability. To do so, the following two alterations are made: (1) The focus of the assessment is defined to ensure the ability of the transportation to serve as a throughput mechanism of goods, and to survive and recover from disruptive events. (2) To cope with low-frequency high-impact disruptive scenarios that were not necessarily foreseen, two parallel tracks of risk assessments need to be pursued-the cause-focused risk assessment as in the FSA, and a consequence-focused failure mode approach.

  16. Value Creation in the Maritime Chain of Transportation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Roslyng Olesen, Thomas

    providers. From a financial perspective value is created when a business earns revenue that exceeds the expenses. In many sectors, however, value is increasingly being created by more intangible drivers such as research, innovation, branding, ideas and networks which usually provide indirect rather than...... of the production chain and provide services which manufacturers don’t consider their core business (service). This includes assembly, quality control, customizing and packing of goods, pest control and after sales services. Third party ship management companies may reduce costs through economies of scale (cost......This report has examined the concept of value creation in the maritime chain of transportation. A maritime transport chain can best be conceptualized as a network through which carriers (e.g. shipping companies and haulage providers) and third parties (e.g. terminal operators, freight forwarders...

  17. Maritime transport operation in conditions of globalization

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    Tomasz Nowosielski

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The contemporary world economy is subject to dynamic integration processes that cause the most open countries in the free import and export goods. Intensive trade relations requires intercontinental free access to well-functioning transport systems. In the case of trade with distant partners, especially on other continents, an important criterion for the organization of cargo handling is a long range. Technological development of means of transport has meant that transport services have become a cheap and highly accessible to passengers and cargo.

  18. Interdependence between iron ore production and maritime transport

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    A. V. Todorut

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The maritime industry plays an important role in international trade, transporting a total of 10,1 billion tons of merchandise in 2015, representing over 80% of all global trade, with dry cargo estimated to account for over two thirds of the total seaborne trade. Bulk carriers supply the raw materials needed by the steel industry and container ships transport the steel products. Demand and supply for seaborne transport is influenced by trends in global economy and worldwide demand for commodities. The paper analyzes the most important economic determinants in the supply of metallurgical raw materials, highlighting the importance of the shipping sector.

  19. Energy use of integral refrigerated containers in maritime transportation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fitzgerald, Warren B.; Howitt, Oliver J.A. [Department of Physics, University of Otago, P.O. Box 56, Dunedin (New Zealand); Smith, Inga J., E-mail: inga@physics.otago.ac.n [Department of Physics, University of Otago, P.O. Box 56, Dunedin (New Zealand); Hume, Anthony [Landcare Research, P.O. Box 40, Lincoln 7640 (New Zealand)

    2011-04-15

    The global trading of perishable goods is possible through the application of product refrigeration and atmospheric control during transportation. A mean energy consumption rate of 2.7 kW/TEU was assumed in this study, but was found to have potential variations of around {+-}60%. New Zealand's maritime trade was considered as a case study for the year 2007 to place the effect of refrigerated transport in context. For individual refrigerated containers, approximately 19% of the energy use related to its journey is used for refrigeration purposes. In 2007, approximately 18% and 61% of New Zealand's imported and exported food products by mass, respectively, required some form of refrigeration during transportation. Maintaining the refrigerated state of imports and exports to and from New Zealand during maritime transportation consumed approximately 280 GWh of electricity. Assuming all this electricity was generated onboard vessels using auxiliary engines, approximately 61 kt of fuel was consumed and 190 kt of CO{sub 2} produced. Refrigeration is of particular importance to the many greenhouse gas or carbon footprinting studies conducted around the world. Implications are discussed in the context of greenhouse gas emissions from the transport of apples from NZ to the UK and long-term storage of UK apples. - Research highlights: {yields} Energy use was assessed for New Zealand's international maritime transport of refrigerated goods. {yields} Cargo-based analysis was used to obtain energy use and GHG emissions. {yields} 2.7 kW/TEU mean energy consumption rate was assumed, but data indicated potential variations of around {+-}60%. {yields} Refrigeration accounts for approximately 19% of a refrigerated container's energy use on a journey. {yields} Approximately 280 GWh of electricity is used (190 kt of CO{sub 2}) for refrigeration of NZ's 2007 imports and exports.

  20. Value Creation in the Maritime Chain of Transportation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Roslyng Olesen, Thomas

    . The business model literature may provide a fruitful lens for exploring this in greater depth. The maritime chain of transportation is becoming increasingly complex and involves an increasing number of actors. The services of some actors are furthermore overlapping. Inland haulage can thus be provided...... providers. From a financial perspective value is created when a business earns revenue that exceeds the expenses. In many sectors, however, value is increasingly being created by more intangible drivers such as research, innovation, branding, ideas and networks which usually provide indirect rather than...... direct benefits (Kaplan & Norton, 2004a; 2004b). This is also the case within maritime logistics. According to Johansson et al. (1993) third parties may add value through (1) improve the level of service, (2) quality, (3) cost and (4) time reduction. The chartering agent’s network and market knowledge...

  1. THE TIME FACTOR IN MARITIME TRANSPORT AND PORT LOGISTICS ACTIVITIES

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    Florin NICOLAE

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Execution of the carriage contract requires compliance to all the conditions in it, by all those involved in the transport. Main obligations incumbent upon the vessel, and obviously, to other transporters, who must provide transportation according to deadlines and safety. Contract compliance is certifying transport participants about their seriousness and an appropriate market quotation. Therefore, present work pragmatically sets schematics reference time associated implementation of the carriage contract. Also, are demonstrated relationships established between maritime transport “players” and sequence of activities related to the operation of the vessel in port. The authors propose a set of concepts and terms whose utility is established to solve practical problems in this area of activity.

  2. MARITIME TRANSPORT IN THE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF UKRAINE

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    Nicholas Primachev

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the theoretical and practical aspects of the development of the national maritime transport in accordance with the criteria of effective positioning of the socio-economic system of the country in the global division of labor. Features and prob-lems of formation of Ukraine in accordance with the priorities of sustainable development of the system are disclosed. Targeting normalized socio-economic parameters of the country's position in the global space requires a balanced development of the system of absolute and comparative advantage. The troublesome of the economic development of Ukraine is weak due to the integration processes of industrial segment of the country and low added value. As a result, the vast majority of foreign trade cargo flows is performed by foreign fleet. To reduce the negative current account payments is necessary to create normal fleet freight capacity of Ukraine.

  3. The innovation inducement impact of environmental regulations on maritime transport

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Makkonen, Teemu; Repka, Sari

    2016-01-01

    Maritime transport is facing wide-ranking challenges due to stricter environmental regulations. It has been positioned that these stricter environmental regulations will significantly hamper the competitiveness of the shipping industry and other export/import oriented industries. However......, contrasting views, arguing that environmental regulations will, in fact, enhance firms’ competitiveness by inducing innovation, have also been voiced. Here this issue is examined through a literature review on the innovation inducement impact of environmental regulations (i.e. the Porter Hypothesis......), in general, and the economic impacts of environmental regulations (here Annex VI of the MARPOL Convention) as it applies to shipping in Northern Europe, in particular. According to the review, the literature is still inconclusive and lacks a clear consensus on the economic and innovation inducement impacts...

  4. Study Regarding the Provision of Security and Safety in the International Maritime Transport

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    Liliana POPA

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available The security in transport has become a crucial issue internationally, especially after the terrorist attacks of September 2001 and even more recently. Maritime, along with aviation, is considered a sensitive and of high-risk transport sector, in terms of security. Moreover, topics related to safety in maritime transport have become very important over the past decades mostly because of the numerous maritime accidents putting in danger both human lives and the environment. Taking into account the global dimension of maritime transport along with the fact that the participation of Asia in the world trade during the past decade has been substantial, the current maritime safety and security practices apply for all areas. This can only be achieved through the application of high standards and regulations setting the prerequisites for safe and secure navigation. In this direction, a significant number of Directives, Regulations and Initiatives on maritime safety and security have been introduced by international and European organizations, such as the International Maritime Organization, (I.M.O., the International Labour Organization (I.L.O. and the European Union (EU. In the framework of this analysis, the levels of compliance of European and Asian countries, regarding the international legislation, is examined while special emphasis is given on the problems and difficulties encountered during the implementation processes. Furthermore, a number of recommendations aiming to enhance the existing levels of safety and security in maritime transport in both examined area is provided.

  5. Oil spill risk assessment in maritime transportation networks

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yudhbir, L. [Systems Planning and Analysis, Alexandria, VA (United States); Iakovou, E. [Miami Univ., Coral Gables, FL (United States). Dept. of Industrial Engineering

    2005-07-01

    Commercial shippers and regulatory agencies face the challenge of evaluating the merits of various alternative policies for the transportation of crude oil and petroleum products. This paper presented a new risk estimation and assignment methodology that assesses the risk costs for the bodies of water where shipping lanes exist. The methodology is based on historical spills and uses causal data to estimate risk cost between 2 points of reference for numerous products transported by a variety of vessels. In response to public concerns regarding the environmental impacts of accidental spills from tanker ships, laws have been imposed on companies for all costs relating to environmental damage. This measure has prompted the oil industry to take greater responsibility, but a better understanding of tanker re-routing on environmental sensitive areas is needed in order to implement detailed emergency response plans and greater safety precautions. This methodology addressed the need for an efficient maritime transportation system that provides routing for various vessels carrying different petroleum products. The risk estimation methodology successfully modeled a multi-objective, multi-commodity routing problem. 23 refs., 3 figs.

  6. Convective Transport of Trace Gases in the Maritime Continent

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, Neil

    2015-04-01

    Passage of air through the Tropical Tropopause Layer (TTL) is the major route for troposphere to stratosphere transport. The UK CAST (Co-ordinated Airborne Studies in the Tropics) campaign took place in the West Pacific in January/February 2014. The field campaign was based mainly in Guam (13.5oN, 144.8oE) and had three components: CAST with the NERC FAAM BAe-146 research aircraft; the NASA ATTREX project based around the Global Hawk; the NCAR-led CONTRAST campaign based around the Gulfstream V (HIAPER) aircraft. Together, these aircraft were able to make detailed measurements of atmospheric structure and composition from the ocean surface to 20 km. The CAST team also made ground-based and ozonesonde measurements at the ARM site on Manus Island in Papua New Guinea during February 2014, and halocarbon measurements were made at several West Pacific sites. I will present an overview of the CAST campaign along with the results of high resolution global Unified Model studies and NAME (Numerical Atmospheric-dispersion Modelling Environment) trajectory calculations to look at the transport of air into the TTL in convective systems over the Maritime continent and West Pacific. I will focus on the transport of air from in and around the boundary layer and will assess the possible importance of natural and anthropogenic emissions for TTL composition.

  7. Uncertainty in Fleet Renewal: A Case from Maritime Transportation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pantuso, Giovanni; Fagerholt, Kjetil; Wallace, Stein W.

    2016-01-01

    This paper addresses the fleet renewal problem and particularly the treatment of uncertainty in the maritime case. A stochastic programming model for the maritime fleet renewal problem is presented. The main contribution is that of assessing whether or not better decisions can be achieved by usin...

  8. Finland's maritime transport scenarios 2030. Background report for the maritime transport strategy work; Suomen meriliikenteen skenaariot 2030. Taustaraportti meriliikenteen strategiatyoehoen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kallionpaa, E.; Pollanen, M.; Makela, T.; Liimatainen, H. [Tampere Univ. of Technology (Finland). Transport Research Centre Verne

    2013-03-01

    Preparation of the maritime transport strategy for Finland commenced in autumn 2012 under the direction of the Ministry of Transport and Communications. The strategy is due to be completed by the end of 2013. The maritime transport strategy can support desirable development. Thus it is important to identify various future development alternatives and actively influence the realisation of the hoped-for future. This study supports the preparation of the maritime transport strategy and, in particular, the perception of maritime transport as a whole and its various sectors. It describes central factors in the development of Finland's maritime operational environment and their alternative future statuses. It also presents logical futures images combining the above as well as scenarios on the future of maritime transport. The perspective chosen for consideration of the future is up to the year 2030. External and internal factors in the operational environment of maritime transport have been examined in the study as well as exerting influence thereupon from Finland's perspective and significance for the development of maritime transport. Only some of the factors can be influenced by public sector's actions, yet the factors are not separate. Instead, they are closely connected by causal relationships. For the development of maritime transport, the entire operational environment and all significant factors have to be considered regardless of the extent to which they can be influenced by public sector's actions. The most significant factors that could be influenced the most were recognised as Finnish industrial policy, port-related infrastructure and route solutions, subsidies, payments and taxation of maritime transport as well as operation of national cooperation. Four different scenarios have been depicted in the work: Age of growth, Age of regulation, Age of locality and Age of transformation. The central characteristics of the Age of growth scenario

  9. Development of Collision Accident Scenario during Nuclear Spent Fuel Maritime Transportation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yoo, Min; Kang, Hyun Gook [KAIST, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-05-15

    Population density of South Korea is much higher than the other countries, and it is peninsula. Therefore, it is expected that major means of transportation of the spent fuel will be maritime transportation rather than overland transportation. Korea Maritime safety Tribunal (KMST) categorized various maritime accident, see table I. Among them, collision accident is one of the most important and complicated accident from Probabilistic Safety Analysis (PSA) point of view. We will show what will happen if the transportation ship is struck by other ship, how to calculate collision energy and probability of the branches on ship-ship collision with Event Tree Analysis (ETA) method. We selected and re-categorized maritime accident that KMST categorized for ship-ship collision analysis of spent fuel transportation ship. Event tree is constructed and collision energy distribution is derived from statistics and equation. And outer and inner hull fracture probabilities are calculated. If outer hull is broken but inner hull is fine, water will be flooded into the space between outer and inner hull. It will decrease mobility of the ship. If inner hull is fractured, water will be flooded into the ship inside. The ship has compartment structure to resist from foundering. Loss of mobility and compartment damage (ultimately it ends with sink) mechanism need to be analyzed to complete transportation ship collision event tree.

  10. THE PERSPECTIVES OF MARITIME TRANSPORT IN EU AND ITS INTEGRATION IN THE SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Voicu-Dorobantu Roxana

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available In a globalised economy transport is one of the most important factors linking the national economies and maritime transport is the main way to deliver goods in international trade. For any international company, choosing the appropriate transportation as part of the logistic solution is vital for its competitiveness. In the context of the economic crisis, CEE strategic location factors play an important role for regional companies which adapt and change their logistic services by developing new scenarios for the shipping industry in order to obtain a better position on the global market. In addition to a favourable geographical location CEE has several other important arguments, like sufficient harbours for developing container terminals to launch extensive container transport transit. The most important recent trends in logistics are shown, as well as the framework of the EU maritime transport.

  11. Transport and Environment Database System (TRENDS): Maritime Air Pollutant Emission Modelling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Georgakaki, Aliki; Coffey, R. A.; Lock, G.

    2003-01-01

    encountered since the statistical data collection was not undertaken with a view to this purpose are mentioned. Examples of the results obtained by the database are presented. These include detailed air pollutant emission results per port and vessel type, to aggregate results for different types of movements......This paper reports the development of the maritime module within the framework of the TRENDS project. A detailed database has been constructed, which includes all stages of the energy consumption and air pollutant emission calculations. The technical assumptions and factors incorporated...... ¿ short sea or deep-sea shipping. Key Words: Air Pollution, Maritime Transport, Air Pollutant Emissions...

  12. M. Mangard, "Le Sanctuaire gallo-romain du Bois l’Abbé à Eu (Seine-Maritime"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alain Ferdière

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Il s’agit en fait de la publication de fouilles déjà ancienne – ce qui n’enlève évidemment rien, au contraire, aux mérites de cet ouvrage : les recherches sur le site du “ Bois-L’Abbé ” à Eu (Seine-Maritime ont en effet été conduites dans les années 1960/70 par l’auteur, et seulement complétées par quelques plus récents sondages, à l’occasion de travaux de mise en valeur, seulement en partie pris en compte ici.Il en résulte un volume présentant, à la forme comme au fond, un caractère vieillo...

  13. PORT AND SHIPPING COMPANIES AS GLOBAL PLAYERS WITHIN THE MARITIME TRANSPORT AND LOGISTICS AREA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrzej S. Grzelakowski

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The main aim of the study was to present the current role of the maritime transport companies acting in the global maritime logistics area in the creation of fundamentals of integrated order in this sphere of global economy. The study carried out have confirmed that seaport and shipping companies take active measures aiming at building logistics governance in microenvironment which the function in. Generally, however, functioning in the conditions of market disequilibrium, they are seeking, by using the tools available to them, to build the foundations of logistics governance based on typical supply–side orientation. Only in terms of relative market equilibrium they are able, thanks to active demand-side oriented activities, to support effectively all necessary processes directed towards creating a consistent in a global scale logistics area, regulated by both the international market mechanism and public one, i.e. the global maritime policy (governance.

  14. THE MANAGERIAL BENEFITS AND LIMITATIONS OF BIODIESEL USAGE IN MARITIME TRANSPORTATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MARIAN BUNEA

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The global economy development has not only positive effects but also negative consequences, in terms of air pollution with a major impact against the climate change and human health. This fact stimulated the intensification of research endeavours to identify and develop new options for sustainable energy supply and further for reducing the dependence on fossil fuels, as considered the major air pollutants globally. Among the non-polluting fuels, the currently biodiesel second generation becomes a viable solution in order to develop an alternative sustainable source of fueling. Even if this type of fuel has been implemented and approved as viable for land and air transportation meanings, the maritime transportation sector is still reluctant in implementing this new fuel on board to commercial vessels. In this article were approached the major advantages of using biodiesel powered engines, being detailed the technical, operational and legal solutions to eliminate the current reserve in adopting this innovative cleaner fuel on maritime transportation practice.

  15. Opening of Maritime Transport Service Market and Liberalization of Maritime Transport Service Trade in China%我国海运服务市场开放与海运服务贸易自由化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐颖峰; 寇宁; 朱冰冰

    2011-01-01

    海运服务贸易是国际服务贸易的重要部分之一。加入世界贸易组织之后,我国逐步落实在国际海运服务、海运辅助服务、集装箱服务、海运代理服务和国内航行权等方面做出的承诺。为促进海运服务贸易自由化的发展,我国的海运服务市场应当遵循适度开放的原则,在未来海运服务贸易的双边、多边谈判中争取更大的话语权。%Maritime transport service trade is the important part of intemational service trade. Since China's accession to the WTO, the government has been making efforts in the fulfillment of commitments in the field of international maritime transport service, supplementary service of maritime transport, container service, agency services of maritime transport, and cabotage right. To promote the liberalization of maritime transport service trade, we should keep the profile of moderate fashion and master the initiative in the bilateral and multilateral negotiation of maritime transport service trade.

  16. Transport and Environment Database System (TRENDS): Maritime Air Pollutant Emission Modelling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Georgakaki, Aliki; Coffey, Robert; Lock, Grahm

    2005-01-01

    with a view to this purpose, are mentioned. Examples of the results obtained by the database are presented. These include detailed air pollutant emission calculations for bulk carriers entering the port of Helsinki, as an example of the database operation, and aggregate results for different types......This paper reports the development of the maritime module within the framework of the Transport and Environment Database System (TRENDS) project. A detailed database has been constructed for the calculation of energy consumption and air pollutant emissions. Based on an in-house database...... changes from findings reported in Methodologies for Estimating air pollutant Emissions from Transport (MEET). The database operates on statistical data provided by Eurostat, which describe vessel and freight movements from and towards EU 15 major ports. Data are at port to Maritime Coastal Area (MCA...

  17. Legal aspects of the maritime transport of radioactive materials its regulation in Mexico

    CERN Document Server

    Aguilar, S

    2001-01-01

    This work has the object to analyse the International as much as National legal frameworks, the scopes and limits of the instruments which form it as well as the congruous that exist between them and the situation which actually prevails in the maritime transport field of radioactive materials in worldwide level and in Mexico taking into account the technical advances, the operational experience and radiological protection principles. In the chapter 1, the background on the uses of nuclear energy are described and its development by more of fifty years. The chapter 2 analyses about the establishment of nuclear technologies in Mexico as well as their evolution in medicine, agriculture, research and electric power generation areas. In chapter 3 it was analysed the role what the International Organizations have been playing for the establish of an International legal framework in the maritime transport of radioactive materials field. In the chapter 4, the International legal framework was analysed which is appli...

  18. Ship Routing with Pickup and Delivery for a Maritime Oil Transportation System: MIP Modeland Heuristics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rodrigues, Vinicius Picanco; Morabito, Reinaldo; Yamashita, Denise

    2016-01-01

    This paper examines a ship routing problem with pickup and delivery and time windowsfor maritime oil transportation, motivated by the production and logistics activities of an oil companyoperating in the Brazilian coast. The transportation costs from offshore platforms to coastal terminalsare...... application of two tailor-made MIP heuristics, based on relax-and-fix and timedecomposition procedures. The model minimizes fuel costs of a heterogeneous fleet of oil tankersand costs related to freighting contracts. The model also considers company-specific constraints foroffshore oil transportation...

  19. A mathematical model for cost of maritime transport. Application to competitiveness of nuclear vessels; Modele mathematique du cout de transport maritime application a la competitivite du navire nucleaire

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dorval, C. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, 75 - Paris (France)

    1966-05-01

    In studying the competitiveness of a nuclear merchant vessel, economic assessments in terms of figures were discarded in favor of a simplified model, which gives a clearer idea of the mechanism of the comparison between alternative vessels and the particular influence of each parameter. An expression is formulated for the unit cost per ton carried over a given distance as a function of the variables (speed and deadweight tonnage) and is used to determine the optima for conventional and nuclear vessels. To represent the freight market involved in the optimization studies, and thus in the competitiveness computation, two cases are taken into account: the tonnage to be carried annually is limited, and the tonnage to be carried annually is not limited. In both cases the optima are calculated and compared for a conventional and a nuclear vessel. Competitiveness curves are plotted as a function of the ratios of nuclear and conventional fuel costs and nuclear and conventional marginal power costs. These curves express the limiting values of the above two ratios for which the transport costs of the nuclear and conventional vessels are equal. The competitiveness curves vary considerably according to the hypothesis adopted for the freight market and the limit of tonnage carried annually. (author) [French] Pour etudier la competitivite du navire marchand nucleaire, plutot que de nous livrer a des evaluations economiques chiffrees, discutables dans l'etat actuel des etudes, nous utilisons un modele simplifie permettant de mieux saisir le mecanisme de la comparaison des navires et l'influence particuliere de chaque parametre. Nous etablissons une expression du cout unitaire de la tonne transportee sur un parcours donne en fonction des variables vitesse et port en lourd. Et nous l'utilisons pour determiner les optima des navires classiques et nucleaires. Pour representer le marche du fret qui intervient dans les etudes d'optimisation, et donc dans la

  20. Behavioral Logistics - Analysis of behavioral routines and governance structures in the interorganizational maritime transport chain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available The strong improvements in information and communication systems as well as better transshipment technologies provide the platform for more efficient transport within interorganizational transport chains. Nevertheless these technologies do not automatically optimize systems based on routines and behavioral patterns, established over the last decades. Logisticians - in theory and practice - have to consider the field of behavioral science to describe and analyse transport problems regarding to involved actors' strategic behavior and social embeddedness, too. The objective of this paper is to illustrate behavioral aspects of supposed technical problems in interorganizational transport chains. Therefore, this paper analyses behavioral routines and governance structures in the interorganizational maritime transport chain using a case study, dealing with the generation and circulation of transport information at the earliest point available, so called "estimated time of arrival" (ETA.

  1. Maritime Transportation of Illegal Drugs from South America

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-01-01

    18, 2002. J. Kandel , Traffickers using submarines to transport drugs, NBC Los Angeles. September 14, 2012. B. Kennedy, More than $110...CBS-Miami (2012) Go-fast 2 ONDCP (2013,2014), CBS-Miami (2011) SPSS 5—10 UNODC (2012) SPSS 6 Kandel (2012) Fishing vessel 2.4 Kennedy (2014) Panga...Hodgson (2002) Go-fast 50 Selsky (2005) Go-fast 25 ONDCP (2014) SPSS 10 United States Coast Guard (2008) SPSS 13 Kandel (2012) Table A.7

  2. Transport and Environment Database System (TRENDS): Maritime air pollutant emission modelling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Georgakaki, Aliki; Coffey, Robert A.; Lock, Graham; Sorenson, Spencer C.

    This paper reports the development of the maritime module within the framework of the Transport and Environment Database System (TRENDS) project. A detailed database has been constructed for the calculation of energy consumption and air pollutant emissions. Based on an in-house database of commercial vessels kept at the Technical University of Denmark, relationships between the fuel consumption and size of different vessels have been developed, taking into account the fleet's age and service speed. The technical assumptions and factors incorporated in the database are presented, including changes from findings reported in Methodologies for Estimating air pollutant Emissions from Transport (MEET). The database operates on statistical data provided by Eurostat, which describe vessel and freight movements from and towards EU 15 major ports. Data are at port to Maritime Coastal Area (MCA) level, so a bottom-up approach is used. A port to MCA distance database has also been constructed for the purpose of the study. This was the first attempt to use Eurostat maritime statistics for emission modelling; and the problems encountered, since the statistical data collection was not undertaken with a view to this purpose, are mentioned. Examples of the results obtained by the database are presented. These include detailed air pollutant emission calculations for bulk carriers entering the port of Helsinki, as an example of the database operation, and aggregate results for different types of movements for France. Overall estimates of SO x and NO x emission caused by shipping traffic between the EU 15 countries are in the area of 1 and 1.5 million tonnes, respectively.

  3. Law project aiming to enforce the maritime transport safety and fight against the sea pollutions; Proposition de loi tendant a renforcer la securite du transport maritime et a lutter contre les pollutions marines

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-12-01

    Facing the increase of the maritime transport, the poor quality of the ships and the flag of convenience problem, this law project is proposed. It concerns the ships maintenance and safety standards, the delivery of a control certificate, the social rights of the sailors, the coasts and ports access control. (A.L.B.)

  4. Greenhouse gas emissions from the international maritime transport of New Zealand's imports and exports

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fitzgerald, Warren B.; Howitt, Oliver J.A. [Department of Physics, University of Otago, P.O. Box 56, Dunedin (New Zealand); Smith, Inga J., E-mail: inga@physics.otago.ac.n [Department of Physics, University of Otago, P.O. Box 56, Dunedin (New Zealand)

    2011-03-15

    Greenhouse gas emissions from international maritime transport are exempt from liabilities under the Kyoto Protocol. Research into quantifying these emissions is ongoing, and influences policy proposals to reduce emissions. This paper presents a cargo-based analysis of fuel consumption and greenhouse gas emissions from New Zealand's international maritime transport of goods. Maritime transport moves 99.5% (by mass) of New Zealand's internationally traded products. It is estimated that 73% of visiting vessels' activity can be directly attributed to the movement of goods in and out of New Zealand. A cargo-based methodology was used to estimate that the international maritime transport of New Zealand's imports and exports consumed 2.5 million tonnes (Mt; 2.6 billion litres) of fuel during the year 2007, which generated 7.7 Mt of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) emissions. Double-counting of emissions would occur if a similar method was applied to all New Zealand's trading partners. In contrast, since few large vessels refuel in New Zealand, the National Greenhouse Gas Inventory listed 2007 international maritime transportation emissions as 0.98 Mt of CO{sub 2}, calculated from fuel bunkered for international transport. The results, therefore, show a significant difference between activity-based and bunker-fuel methodologies in quantifying New Zealand's emissions. International policy implications are discussed. - Research highlights: {yields} Cargo-based analysis of GHG emissions from New Zealand's international maritime transport of goods. {yields} 7.7 Mt of CO{sub 2} estimated from international maritime transport of NZ's 2007 imports and exports. {yields} 73% of visiting vessels' 2007 activity attributed to the movement of goods in and out of NZ. {yields} The results were significantly different from NZ's GHG Inventory bunker-fuel derived emissions figure. {yields} Detailed approach for international transport emissions

  5. Dossier: transport of radioactive materials; Dossier: le transport des matieres radioactives

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mignon, H. [CEA Centre d`Etudes Nucleaires de Saclay, 91 - Gif-sur-Yvette (France). Direction du Cycle du Combustible; Niel, J.Ch. [CEA Centre d`Etudes Nucleaires de Fontenay-aux-Roses, 92 (France). Inst. de Protection et de Surete Nucleaire; Canton, H. [CEA Cesta, 33 - Bordeaux (France); Brachet, Y. [Transnucleaire, 75 - Paris (France); Turquet de Beauregard, G.; Mauny, G. [CIS bio international, France (France); Robine, F.; Plantet, F. [Prefecture de la Moselle (France); Pestel Lefevre, O. [Ministere de l`Equipement, des transports et du logement, (France); Hennenhofer, G. [BMU, Ministere de l`environnement, de la protection de la nature et de la surete des reacteurs (Germany); Bonnemains, J. [Association Robin des Bois (France)

    1997-12-01

    This dossier is entirely devoted to the transportation of radioactive and fissile materials of civil use. It comprises 9 papers dealing with: the organization of the control of the radioactive materials transport safety (safety and security aspects, safety regulations, safety analysis and inspection, emergency plans, public information), the technical aspects of the regulation concerning the transport of radioactive materials (elaboration of regulations and IAEA recommendations, risk assessments, defense in depth philosophy and containers, future IAEA recommendations, expertise-research interaction), the qualification of containers (regulations, test facilities), the Transnucleaire company (presentation, activity, containers for spent fuels), the packages of radioactive sources for medical use (flux, qualification, safety and transport), an example of accident during radioactive materials transportation: the Apach train derailment (February 4, 1997), the sea transport of radioactive materials (international maritime organization (OMI), international maritime dangerous goods (IMDG) code, irradiated nuclear fuel (INF) safety rules), the transport of radioactive materials in Germany, and the point of view from an external observer. (J.S.)

  6. Proposition for Research Activities in the Area of Maritime Transport in the Republic of Slovenia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milojka Počuča

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The paper shows the maritime system of the Republic ofSlovenia and its weakpoints, mainly as a result of the transitionand gaining of independence. The second heading describes researchactivities in the area of the maritime system of the Republicof Slovenia during the period from 1992 to 1995. Thethird heading gives a brief review of the EU maritime policy anddescription of Research & Development projects that are intendedas guidelines of the EU maritime policy. In conclusion,the author presents a proposal of the themes and procedures ofscientific research projects in the area of maritime activities ofthe Republic of Slovenia.

  7. Les véhicules électriques pour le transport de fret urbain

    OpenAIRE

    Eléonora MORGANTI; Dablanc, Laetitia

    2013-01-01

    Le transport routier constitue le mode dominant pour le transport de marchandises en ville, avec en moyenne 90% du tonnage de marchandises transporté par la route. La plupart de ces opérations sont réalisées par des camionnettes et des fourgons diesel et provoquent des externalités négatives telles que la congestion, la pollution de l'air et le bruit. Ces dernières années, les administrations publiques ont défini des politiques pour encourager les opérateurs de transport urbain à remplacer le...

  8. Ship Routing with Pickup and Delivery for a Maritime Oil Transportation System: MIP Model and Heuristics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vinícius P. Rodrigues

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines a ship routing problem with pickup and delivery and time windows for maritime oil transportation, motivated by the production and logistics activities of an oil company operating in the Brazilian coast. The transportation costs from offshore platforms to coastal terminals are an important issue in the search for operational excellence in the oil industry, involving operations that demand agile and effective decision support systems. This paper presents an optimization approach to address this problem, based on a mixed integer programming (MIP model and a novel and exploratory application of two tailor-made MIP heuristics, based on relax-and-fix and time decomposition procedures. The model minimizes fuel costs of a heterogeneous fleet of oil tankers and costs related to freighting contracts. The model also considers company-specific constraints for offshore oil transportation. Computational experiments based on the mathematical models and the related MIP heuristics are presented for a set of real data provided by the company, which confirm the potential of optimization-based methods to find good solutions for problems of moderate sizes.

  9. External costs of emissions to air from current maritime transport - economic consequences; Miljoekostnader foer sjoefartens avgasutslaepp - ekonomiska konsekvenser

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Johansson, Joakim; Farelius, Johanna; Hoeoek, Charlotta (WSP Analys and Strategi, Stockholm (Sweden))

    2010-06-15

    An important feature of Swedish national transport policy is to base the usage of fees, charges and subsidies on the principle of economic efficiency. The implication is that marginal cost pricing should be applied, internalizing the external costs of transport. Examples of external costs of transport are the damage costs caused by emissions of pollutants to air. These costs could be internalized by imposing fees that equal the marginal external costs. A polluter-pay principle should be applied, implying that the costs to society should be borne (paid) by the ones causing them. Earlier studies indicate that heavy ships (maritime transport) typically bear the marginal costs to society caused by transports carried out in Swedish territorial water - by paying differentiated fairway dues. However, these ships typically carry out the majority of their transports outside of Swedish territorial water, implying that the ship owners normally do not pay the full marginal external costs if a wider geographic area is considered. The purpose of this study is to show to what extent the costs of transports would be affected if fees and charges were used to internalize the external costs of emissions of pollutants to air in wider geographic contexts. The study has been carried out by calculating/estimating the following: 1. Damage costs caused by emissions of pollutants to air by current maritime transports to/from Swedish ports. 2. Effects on costs of transports by internalizing the external damage costs 3. Effects on costs of transports by undertaking cost efficient emission reducing measures

  10. Clap and clap transport are under pressure; Le clap et le clap transport sont sous pression

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fridman, G.

    1999-10-01

    The European Directives governing pressure equipment, whether fixed or transportable, referred to as the PED (pressure Equipment Directive) and the TPED (Transportable Pressure Equipment Directive), will shortly be coming into force. There are complex documents that will very radically change the existing French regulations and which accordingly raise numerous questions. It was precisely in order to provide answers to these questions that some years ago France created two committees responsible for providing guidance, carrying out studies and making proposals, namely the CLAP Transport dealing respectively with the PED and the TPED Directives. The Government, the relevant control organisations. AFNOR (the French organisation for standards), unions within the industrial sector (e.g; the CFBP for LPG) and the manufacturers' unions all participate directly or indirectly in the work co-ordinated by the two committees. They are in charge of clarifying and defining each particular point in order to establish a 'purely and exclusively French position'. All the French organisations concerned are sent an explanatory sheet outlining this position, which they are subsequently responsible for defending in the different European areas of activity. This consensual type of approach is both the envy of neighbour countries and also arousing interest in Brussels: indeed, many of the CLAP and CLAP Transport explanatory sheets have been adopted and implemented as European documents by the groups within the Commission for a fuller understanding of the two Directives, notably by the Working Group Pressure. These documents re real keys for Authorities, standard organisations, manufacturers, marketers... (authors)

  11. The Fuel Efficiency of Maritime Transport. Potential for improvement and analysis of barriers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Faber, J.; Nelissen, D.; Smit, M. [CE Delft, Delft (Netherlands); Behrends, B. [Marena Ltd., s.l. (United Kingdom); Lee, D.S. [Manchester Metropolitan University, Machester (United Kingdom)

    2012-02-15

    There is significant potential to improve the fuel efficiency of ships and thus contribute to reducing greenhouse gas emissions from maritime transport. It has long been recognised that this potential is not being fully exploited, owing to the existence of non-market barriers. This report analyses the barriers to implementing fuel efficiency improvements, and concludes that the most important of these are the split incentive between ship owners and operators, a lack of trusted data on new technologies, and transaction costs associated with evaluating measures. As a result, in practice about a quarter of the cost-effective abatement potential is unavailable. There are several ways to overcome these barriers. The split incentive can - to some extent - be overcome by providing more detailed information on the fuel efficiency of vessels, making due allowance for operational profiles. This would allow fuel consumption to be more accurately projected and a larger share of efficiency benefits to accrue to ship owners, thus increasing the return on investment in fuel-saving technologies. This would also require changes to standard charter parties. The credibility of information on new technologies can be improved through intensive collaboration between suppliers of new technologies and shipping companies. In order to overcome risk, government subsidies could provide an incentive. This could have the additional benefit that governments could require publication of results.

  12. Green Maritime Logistics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Psaraftis, Harilaos N.

    2016-01-01

    By green maritime logistics we mean achieving an acceptable environmental performance of the maritime transport logistical supply chain while at the same time respecting traditional economic criteria. In this paper the environmental focus is on maritime emissions. Achieving such goal may involve...... several trade-offs, and win-win solutions are typically sought. However, finding these solutions may be more difficult than may appear at first glance. The purpose of this paper is to provide a concise overview of the challenges of green maritime logistics and present some examples, both for greenhouse...

  13. Actions for prevention and control of health threats related to maritime transport in European Union.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hadjichristodoulou, Christos; Mouchtouri, Varvara A; Guglielmetti, Paolo; Lemos, Cinthia Menel; Nichols, Gordon; Paux, Thierry; Schlaich, Clara; Cornejo, Miguel Davila; Martinez, Carmen Varela; Dionisio, Mauro; Rehmet, Sybille; Jaremin, Bogdan; Kremastinou, Jenny

    2013-01-01

    Actions at European Union level for International Health Regulations (IHR) 2005 implementation and maritime transport were focused on two European projects implemented between 2006 and 2011. Situation analysis and needs assessment were conducted, a Manual including European standards and best practice and training material was developed and training courses were delivered. Ship-to-port and port-to-port communication web-based network and database for recording IHR Ship Sanitation Certificates (SSC) were established. Fifty pilot inspections based on the Manual were conducted on passenger ships. A total of 393 corrective actions were implemented according to recommendations given to Captains during pilot inspections. The web-based communication network of competent authorities at ports in EU Member States was used to manage 13 events/outbreaks (dengue fever, Legionnaires' disease, gastroenteritis, meningitis, varicella and measles). The European information database system was used for producing and recording 1018 IHR SSC by 156 inspectors in 6 countries in accordance with the WHO Handbook for inspection of ships and issuance of SSC. Implementation of corrective actions after pilot inspections increased the level of compliance with the hygiene standards in passenger ships sailing within the EU waters and improved hygiene conditions. The communication tool contributed to improvement of outbreak identification and better management through rapid sharing of public health information, allowing a more timely and coordinated response. After the implementation of actions on passenger ships, the European Commission co-funded a Joint action that will expand the activities to all types of ships and chemical, biological and radio-nuclear threats (deliberate acts/accidental). Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  14. Transport and Environment Database System (TRENDS): Maritime Air Pollutant Emission Modelling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Georgakaki, Aliki; Coffey, R. A.; Lock, G.

    2003-01-01

    encountered since the statistical data collection was not undertaken with a view to this purpose are mentioned. Examples of the results obtained by the database are presented. These include detailed air pollutant emission results per port and vessel type, to aggregate results for different types of movements......This paper reports the development of the maritime module within the framework of the TRENDS project. A detailed database has been constructed, which includes all stages of the energy consumption and air pollutant emission calculations. The technical assumptions and factors incorporated...... in the database are presented, including changes from MEET findings. The database operates on statistical data provided by Eurostat. Data is at port to MCA level, so a bottom-up approach is used. This was the first attempt to use Eurostat maritime statistics for emission modelling, and the problems that have been...

  15. A Bayesian Belief Network modelling of organisational factors in risk analysis: A case study in maritime transportation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Trucco, P. [Department of Management, Economics and Industrial Engineering-Politecnico di Milano, Piazza Leonardo da Vinci, 32, I-20133 Milan (Italy)], E-mail: paolo.trucco@polimi.it; Cagno, E. [Department of Management, Economics and Industrial Engineering-Politecnico di Milano, Piazza Leonardo da Vinci, 32, I-20133 Milan (Italy); Ruggeri, F. [CNR IMATI, via E.Bassini, 15, I-20133 Milan (Italy); Grande, O. [Department of Management, Economics and Industrial Engineering-Politecnico di Milano, Piazza Leonardo da Vinci, 32, I-20133 Milan (Italy)

    2008-06-15

    The paper presents an innovative approach to integrate Human and Organisational Factors (HOF) into risk analysis. The approach has been developed and applied to a case study in the maritime industry, but it can also be utilised in other sectors. A Bayesian Belief Network (BBN) has been developed to model the Maritime Transport System (MTS), by taking into account its different actors (i.e., ship-owner, shipyard, port and regulator) and their mutual influences. The latter have been modelled by means of a set of dependent variables whose combinations express the relevant functions performed by each actor. The BBN model of the MTS has been used in a case study for the quantification of HOF in the risk analysis carried out at the preliminary design stage of High Speed Craft (HSC). The study has focused on a collision in open sea hazard carried out by means of an original method of integration of a Fault Tree Analysis (FTA) of technical elements with a BBN model of the influences of organisational functions and regulations, as suggested by the International Maritime Organisation's (IMO) Guidelines for Formal Safety Assessment (FSA). The approach has allowed the identification of probabilistic correlations between the basic events of a collision accident and the BBN model of the operational and organisational conditions. The linkage can be exploited in different ways, especially to support identification and evaluation of risk control options also at the organisational level. Conditional probabilities for the BBN have been estimated by means of experts' judgments, collected from an international panel of different European countries. Finally, a sensitivity analysis has been carried out over the model to identify configurations of the MTS leading to a significant reduction of accident probability during the operation of the HSC.

  16. Legal aspects of the maritime transport of radioactive materials: its regulation in Mexico; Aspectos legales del transporte maritimo de materiales radioactivos: su regulacion en Mexico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aguilar M, S

    2001-07-01

    This work has the object to analyse the International as much as National legal frameworks, the scopes and limits of the instruments which form it as well as the congruous that exist between them and the situation which actually prevails in the maritime transport field of radioactive materials in worldwide level and in Mexico taking into account the technical advances, the operational experience and radiological protection principles. In the chapter 1, the background on the uses of nuclear energy are described and its development by more of fifty years. The chapter 2 analyses about the establishment of nuclear technologies in Mexico as well as their evolution in medicine, agriculture, research and electric power generation areas. In chapter 3 it was analysed the role what the International Organizations have been playing for the establish of an International legal framework in the maritime transport of radioactive materials field. In the chapter 4, the International legal framework was analysed which is applied to the transport of radioactive materials. Finally, the chapter 5 analyses and poses the requirements and necessities which lead Mexico to legislate broadly the transport of radioactive materials taking as basis International instruments from which the state is part also from some other agreements is analysed its adhesion to them. (Author)

  17. Maritime Transportation Risk Assessment of Tianjin Port with Bayesian Belief Networks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Jinfen; Teixeira, Ângelo P; Guedes Soares, C; Yan, Xinping; Liu, Kezhong

    2016-06-01

    This article develops a Bayesian belief network model for the prediction of accident consequences in the Tianjin port. The study starts with a statistical analysis of historical accident data of six years from 2008 to 2013. Then a Bayesian belief network is constructed to express the dependencies between the indicator variables and accident consequences. The statistics and expert knowledge are synthesized in the Bayesian belief network model to obtain the probability distribution of the consequences. By a sensitivity analysis, several indicator variables that have influence on the consequences are identified, including navigational area, ship type and time of the day. The results indicate that the consequences are most sensitive to the position where the accidents occurred, followed by time of day and ship length. The results also reflect that the navigational risk of the Tianjin port is at the acceptable level, despite that there is more room of improvement. These results can be used by the Maritime Safety Administration to take effective measures to enhance maritime safety in the Tianjin port.

  18. Designing a climate change policy for the international maritime transport sector: Market-based measures and technological options for global and regional policy actions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Miola, A., E-mail: apollonia.miola@jrc.ec.europa.eu [European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Environment and Sustainability, Via Enrico Fermi 2749, 21027 Ispra (Italy); Marra, M., E-mail: Marleenmarra@gmail.com [European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Environment and Sustainability, Via Enrico Fermi 2749, 21027 Ispra (Italy); Ciuffo, B., E-mail: biagio.ciuffo@jrc.ec.europa.eu [European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Environment and Sustainability, Via Enrico Fermi 2749, 21027 Ispra (Italy)

    2011-09-15

    The international maritime transport sector has a significant abatement potential and some technical improvements that reduce GHG emissions would already be profitable without any policy in place. This paper analyses in-depth the limits and opportunities of policy options currently under consideration at the international level to stimulate the sector to reduce its GHG emissions. In particular, in order for the maritime transport sector to become more environmentally friendly, the flexible nature of international market-based measures and the European Union Emission Trading Scheme provide a definite window of opportunity without placing unnecessary high burden on the sector. However, the development of a regional policy, such as at European level, for the international maritime transport sector faces several obstacles: allocation of emissions, carbon leakage, permit allocation, treatment of the great variety in ship type, size and usage, and transaction cost. Global market-based policies could overcome most of these challenges. This paper provides an in-depth analysis of the policy instruments currently under discussion to reduce the sector's burden on the environment, and focuses on economic theory, legal principles, technological options, and the political framework that together make up the basis of decision-making regarding the international maritime transport sector's climate change policies. - Highlights: > Technologies for a more environmental friendly maritime transport sector and their cost-effectiveness. > How to combine ambitious CO{sub 2} reduction goals with a sector-wide market-based policy. > Permits should be auctioned frequently and small emitters have to be excluded. > Inclusion of shipping in the EU ETS causes carbon leakage, so the policy should aim at expansion.

  19. Maritime Rescue

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Constantin Anechitoae

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The maritime rescue, as any other legal institution related to maritime events - collision, crash, etc.- has its distinctive features. The maritime rescue may be considered as the operation that arises frommaritime collision, because, while collision stems from a breach of a negative duty necessary in maritimenavigation, i.e. of not harming the other, the maritime rescue is the implementation of positive obligationsrequired to vessel captains by the material requirements of the marine life that adds to the elements of thelegal concept which can be summed up as follows: to go to the aid of a vessel in danger, provided that thevessel does not expose itself, through this action, to a serious danger. The institution of maritime rescueencourages maritime commercial activities by the fact that, thus, there are governed such clear rights andobligations saving life at sea and shipping goods.

  20. Research on Technical Draft Regulation of EU Maritime Transport Carbon Tax%欧盟海运碳税技术基础法规草案解读

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘艳玲; 王海; 高晶

    2014-01-01

    Besides the airline carbon tax, the European parliament and the Council levy the carbon tax plan on maritime transport. As the fundamental technical document of carbon transaction and maritime carbon tax, the EU Maritime Transport MRV Regulation Draft (No 525/2013) will come into force in July 1st ,2015 and effect ship-owners and shipbuilding companies by stipulating the monitoring scheme, reporting and verification of carbon emissions from maritime transport.It is a sign that carbon barrier gradually becomes a new technical barrier to trade(TBT).%2013年继航空碳税之后,欧盟计划对海运征收碳税。作为碳交易和海运碳税征收的基础性技术文件《欧盟海运MRV法规草案》已经发布,预计2015年7月1日生效。该法规草案对碳排放的监测方案、报告和核查都作了规定,影响到船东、造船企业等多方面。本法规草案的出台,预示着碳壁垒作为新的技术性贸易措施(TBT)正式从幕后走向前台。

  1. Gas transport through porous media; Sur le transport des gaz a travers les milieux poreux

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Breton, J.P. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1968-06-01

    In the first part of this work we derive a rigorous transport theory for a mixture of gases passing through a bed of spheres, when the temperature is uniform. We solve the Boltzmann equation, putting boundary conditions in the solution. Two different methods are used, according to the nature of the flow. The second part deals with the experimental work: measurements of permeability, of separation and of interdiffusion. In the last part, with the help of the new theory presented here, we are for the first time able to explain all the experimental data. (author) [French] Dans la premiere partie de ce travail nous developpons une theorie rigoureuse du transport d'un melange de gaz a travers un lit de spheres, quand la temperature est uniforme. Nous integrons l'equation de Boltzmann en introduisant des conditions aux limites dans la solution. Nous utilisons deux methodes differentes selon le regime d'ecoulement. La seconde partie est consacree a l'etude experimentale: mesures de permeametrie, de separation et d'interdiffusion. Dans la derniere partie, a l'aide de la nouvelle theorie developpee ici, nous expliquons tous les resultats experimentaux, ce qui n'avait pas ete fait jusque la. (auteur)

  2. Des changements concevables pour le secteur des transports dans l'objectif "Facteur 4"

    OpenAIRE

    Raux, Charles

    2007-01-01

    Au niveau mondial, les transports consomment 20% de l'énergie, dont 80% dans les transports routiers et 10% dans les transports aériens, et 95% de cette énergie est à base de pétrole. Le secteur des transports est l'un des principaux émetteurs de gaz à effet de serre dans la plupart des pays, et notamment du CO2 issu de la combustion des carburants fossiles. Pour que les transports contribuent significativement à l'objectif du « Facteur 4 » en 2050, trois pistes différentes mais complémentair...

  3. Maritime Technology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Herman

    1997-01-01

    Elementary introduction to the subject "Maritime Technology".The contents include drawings, sketches and references in English without any supplementary text.......Elementary introduction to the subject "Maritime Technology".The contents include drawings, sketches and references in English without any supplementary text....

  4. Maritime Technology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Herman

    1997-01-01

    Elementary introduction to the subject "Maritime Technology".The contents include drawings, sketches and references in English without any supplementary text.......Elementary introduction to the subject "Maritime Technology".The contents include drawings, sketches and references in English without any supplementary text....

  5. Modeling the climate impact of road transport, maritime shipping and aviation over the period 1860-2100 with an AOGCM

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olivié, D. J. L.; Cariolle, D.; Teyssèdre, H.; Salas, D.; Voldoire, A.; Clark, H.; Saint-Martin, D.; Michou, M.; Karcher, F.; Balkanski, Y.; Gauss, M.; Dessens, O.; Koffi, B.; Sausen, R.

    2012-02-01

    For the period 1860-2100 (SRES scenario A1B for 2000-2100), the impact of road transport, maritime shipping and aviation on climate is studied using an Atmosphere Ocean General Circulation Model (AOGCM). In addition to carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from these transport sectors, most of their non-CO2 emissions are also taken into account, i.e. the forcing from ozone, methane, black carbon, organic carbon, sulfate, CFC-12 and HFC-134a from air conditioning systems in cars, and contrails. For the year 2000, the CO2 emissions from all sectors together induce a global annual-mean surface air temperature increase of around 0.1 K. In 2100, the CO2 emissions from road transport induce a global mean warming of 0.3 K, while shipping and aviation each contribute 0.1 K. For road transport, the non-CO2 impact is largest between 2000 and 2050 (of the order of 0.1 K) becoming smaller at the end of the 21st century. The non-CO2 impact from shipping is negative, reaching -0.1 K between 2050 and 2100, while for aviation it is positive and its estimate varies between 0 and 0.15 K in 2100. The largest changes in sea-level from thermal expansion in 2000 are 1.6 mm for the CO2 emissions from road transport, and around -3 mm from the non-CO2 effects of shipping. In 2100, sea-level rises by 18 mm due to the CO2 emissions from road transport and by 4.6 mm due to shipping or aviation CO2 emissions. Non-CO2 changes are of the order of 1 mm for road transport, -6.6 mm for shipping, and the estimate for aviation varies between -1.2 and 4.3 mm. When focusing on the geographical distribution, the non-CO2 impact from road transport and shipping on the surface air temperature is only slightly stronger in northern than in southern mid-latitudes, while the impact from aviation can be a factor of 5 stronger in the northern than in the southern hemisphere. Further it is observed that most of the impacts are more pronounced at high latitudes, and that the non-CO2 emissions from aviation strongly

  6. Evaluation de la surveillance de la circulation maritime : bilan et perspectives

    OpenAIRE

    HALLICHE, N

    2002-01-01

    La sécurité du transport maritime est appréhendée sous différents angles. Si la qualité des navires est au centre des préoccupations, le conditionnement des cargaisons notamment les marchandises dangereuses et/ou polluantes, la qualification des équipages l'organisation et la surveillance de la navigation sont également en cause. Le problème de la sécurité maritime reste majeur. Le présent rapport se veut une évaluation et présente les insuffisances constatées dans l'exercice de ces missions ...

  7. 77 FR 28894 - Maritime Vulnerability Self-Assessment Tool

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-16

    ... SECURITY Transportation Security Administration Maritime Vulnerability Self-Assessment Tool AGENCY: Transportation Security Administration, DHS. ACTION: Notice of removal of TSA's maritime vulnerability self... Self-Assessment Risk Module (TMSARM), developed to support the United States Coast Guard's...

  8. Emission-factor uncertainties in maritime transport in the Strait of Gibraltar, Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Moreno-Gutiérrez

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available A reliable and up-to-date maritime emission inventory is essential for atmospheric scientists quantifying the impact of shipping. The objective of this study is to estimate the atmospheric emissions of SO2, NOx, CO2 and PM10 by international merchant shipping in 2007 in the Strait of Gibraltar, Spain, including the Algeciras Bay by two methods.

    Two methods (both bottom-up have been used in this study:

    1. Establishing engine power-based emission factors (g kWh−1, EPA or the mass of pollutant per work performed by the engine for each of the relevant components of the exhaust gas from diesel engines and power for each ship.

    2. Establishing fuel-based emission factors (kg emitted/t of fuel or mass of pollutant per mass of combusted fuel for each of the relevant components of the exhaust gas and a fuel-consumption inventory (IMO.

    In both methods, the means to estimate engine power and fuel-consumption inventories are the same. The exhaust from boilers and incinerators is regarded as a small contributor and excluded. In total, an estimated average of 1 389 111.05 t of CO2, 23 083.09 t of SO2, 32 005.63 t of NOx and 2972 t of PM10 were emitted from January 2007 until December 2007 by international and domestic shipping. The estimated total fuel consumption amounts to 437 405.84 t. The major differences between the estimates generated by the two methods are for NOx (16% in certain cases and CO (up to 23%.

    A total difference for all compounds of 3038 t (approximately 2% has been found between the two methods but it is not areasonable estimate of uncertainty.

    Therefore, the results for both methods may be considered acceptable because the actual uncontrolled deviations appear in the changes in emission factors that occur for a given engine with age. These deviations are often difficult to

  9. Deciphering the molecular basis of ammonium uptake and transport in maritime pine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castro-Rodríguez, Vanessa; Assaf-Casals, Iman; Pérez-Tienda, Jacob; Fan, Xiaorong; Avila, Concepción; Miller, Anthony; Cánovas, Francisco M

    2016-08-01

    Ammonium is the predominant form of inorganic nitrogen in the soil of coniferous forests. Despite the ecological and economic importance of conifers, the molecular basis of ammonium uptake and transport in this group of gymnosperms is largely unknown. In this study, we describe the functional characterization of members of the AMT gene family in Pinus pinaster: PpAMT1.1, PpAMT1.2 and PpAMT1.3 (subfamily 1) and PpAMT2.1 and PpAMT2.3 (subfamily 2). Our phylogenetic analysis indicates that in conifers, all members of the AMT1 subfamily evolved from a common ancestor that is evolutionarily related to the ancient PpAMT1.2 gene. Individual AMT genes are developmentally and nutritionally regulated, and their transcripts are specifically distributed in different organs. PpAMT1.3 was predominantly expressed in the roots, particularly during N starvation and mycorrhizal interaction, whereas PpAMT2.3 was preferentially expressed in lateral roots. Immunolocalization studies of roots with varied nitrogen availability revealed that PpAMT1 and PpAMT2 proteins play complementary roles in the uptake of external ammonium. Heterologous expression in yeast and Xenopus oocytes revealed that the AMT genes encode functional transporters with different kinetics and with different capacities for ammonium transport. Our results provide new insights on how nitrogen is acquired and transported in conifers.

  10. Frontières maritimes dans l’Arctique : le droit de la mer est-il un cadre applicable ? (Arctic Maritime Borders: Is the Law of the Sea Applicable?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frédéric Lasserre

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Deux grandes questions politico-juridiques structurent les relations des pays riverains de l'océan Arctique. La question du statut des passages arctiques diffère de la question des frontières maritimes dans l'Arctique, dont il sera question ici. Les médias relayent aujourd'hui, de façon récurrente, l'idée d'une course à la conquête des espaces maritimes arctiques. Cela fait plusieurs années que les pays riverains de l'Arctique préparent leurs dossiers destinés à étayer leurs arguments géologiques pour revendiquer des plateaux continentaux étendus. Ce n'est qu'en 2007 qu'une fièvre médiatique s'en est emparée, accréditant l'idée d'une course effrénée, alimentée par les changements climatiques pour la conquête des ressources naturelles de la région : une représentation très exagérée et peu conforme à la réalité tant historique que juridique.(Relations between nations bordering the Arctic are defined by two legal-political issues. The status of artic crossings is different from that of maritime borders, which is the subject of this article. The press repeatedly raises the specter of a race to conquer the Arctic Ocean. For several years the nations bordering the Arctic have been preparing their legal arguments in support of an extension of the continental shelf. It was only in 2007 that a media frenzy pushed the notion of a race to conquer, reinforced by a desire, in light of global warming, to exploit the areas’ natural resources. This picture is much exaggerated and does not conform to historical or legal reality.

  11. Modeling the climate impact of road transport, maritime shipping and aviation over the period 1860–2100 with an AOGCM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. J. L. Olivié

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available For the period 1860–2100 (SRES scenario A1B for 2000–2100, the impact of road transport, maritime shipping and aviation on climate is studied using an Atmosphere Ocean General Circulation Model (AOGCM. In addition to carbon dioxide (CO2 emissions from these transport sectors, most of their non-CO2 emissions are also taken into account, i.e. the forcing from ozone, methane, black carbon, organic carbon, sulfate, CFC-12 and HFC-134a from air conditioning systems in cars, and contrails. For the year 2000, the CO2 emissions from all sectors together induce a global annual-mean surface air temperature increase of around 0.1 K. In 2100, the CO2 emissions from road transport induce a global mean warming of 0.3 K, while shipping and aviation each contribute 0.1 K. For road transport, the non-CO2 impact is largest between 2000 and 2050 (of the order of 0.1 K becoming smaller at the end of the 21st century. The non-CO2 impact from shipping is negative, reaching −0.1 K between 2050 and 2100, while for aviation it is positive and its estimate varies between 0 and 0.15 K in 2100. The largest changes in sea-level from thermal expansion in 2000 are 1.6 mm for the CO2 emissions from road transport, and around −3 mm from the non-CO2 effects of shipping. In 2100, sea-level rises by 18 mm due to the CO2 emissions from road transport and by 4.6 mm due to shipping or aviation CO2 emissions. Non-CO2 changes are of the order of 1 mm for road transport, −6.6 mm for shipping, and the estimate for aviation varies between −1.2 and 4.3 mm. When focusing on the geographical distribution, the non-CO2 impact from road transport and shipping on the surface air temperature is only slightly stronger in northern than in southern mid-latitudes, while the impact from aviation can be a factor of 5 stronger in the northern than in the

  12. Modeling the climate impact of road transport, maritime shipping and aviation over the period 1860–2100 with an AOGCM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. J. L. Olivié

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available For the period 1860–2100 (SRES scenario A1B for 2000–2100, the impact of road transport, maritime shipping and aviation on climate is studied using an Atmosphere Ocean General Circulation Model (AOGCM. In addition to carbon dioxide (CO2 emissions from these transport sectors, most of their non-CO2 emissions are also taken into account, i.e., the forcing from ozone, methane, black carbon, organic carbon, sulfate, CFC-12 and HFC-134a from air conditioning systems in cars, and contrails. For the year 2000, the CO2 emissions from all sectors together induce a global annual-mean surface air temperature increase of around 0.1 K. In 2100, the CO2 emissions from road transport induce a global mean warming of 0.3 K, while shipping and aviation each contribute 0.1 K. For road transport, the non-CO2 impact is largest between 2000 and 2050 (of the order of 0.1 K becoming smaller at the end of the 21st century. The non-CO2 impact from shipping is negative, reaching −0.1 K between 2050 and 2100, while for aviation it is positive and its estimate varies between 0 and 0.15 K in 2100. The largest changes in sea-level from thermal expansion in 2000 are 1.6 mm for the CO2 emissions from road transport, and around −3 mm from the non-CO2 effects of shipping. In 2100, sea-level rises by 18 mm due to the CO2 emissions from road transport and by 4.6 mm due to shipping or aviation CO2 emissions. Non-CO2 changes are of the order of 1 mm for road transport, −6.6 mm for shipping, and the estimate for aviation varies between −1.2 and 4.3 mm. When focusing on the geographical distribution, the non-CO2 impact from road transport and shipping on the surface air temperature is only slightly stronger in northern than in southern mid-latitudes, while the impact from aviation can be a factor of 5 stronger in the northern than in the

  13. Maritime Transport of Environmentally Damaging Materials - A Balance Between Absolute Freedom and Strict Prohibition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thaqal S. Al-Ajmi

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available This study is intended to balance the rights of free navigation in all of its forms whether in the high seas or in the territorial waters of other States by resorting to the right of innocent passage and right of transit passage, which is enjoyable by all States and the obligation to protect the environment from any damaging materials as imposed upon all States at the same time, when such damaging materials are shipped from one State to another via seas or oceans. According to this study, which presented many evidence from international law and regional and even national practice, the obligation to protect the environment supersedes the right of free navigation, therefore restricting the right to ship or transport materials that could cause damage to the environment.

  14. International research collaboration in maritime health

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Olaf Chresten

    2011-01-01

    The new ILO-2006-convention and the EU Commission's strategic objectives for the EU maritime transport policy 2008-2018, mentions the necessity of a modern health and safety system for maritime transportation. However, there is no specific strategy for the development of maritime health and safety....... The area is regulated by international standards based on international research-based knowledge on health and safety. Moreover, many of the world's seafarers come from developing countries with specific disease problems like HIV and no possibility of independent maritime health research. The international...... maritime health research is sparse, and an increase in such research is necessary to help benefit needed shipping as a highly globalized industry. This paper presents an example of such research, accompanied by a discussion of methods and opportunities to increase international maritime health research....

  15. The sustainable development of transports: the motors and the fuels; Le developpement durable des transports: quels moteurs, quels carburants?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-07-01

    This panorama 2005 between politicians, industrialists and scientists discussed the following topics: exploration-production activities and markets, refining and petrochemistry, the future world gas market, the petroleum supply and demand, the new petroleum and gas reserves, the today and tomorrow alternative fuels, the biofuels in the world, the hybrid vehicles future, the energy consumption in the transport sector, the road fuels in europe and the increase of diesel fuel, the de-pollution techniques of industrial vehicles. The slides of the interventions are provided. The sheets ''le point sur'' of the year 2005 are also provided. (A.L.B.)

  16. Maritime transport safety enhancement

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Samuelides, Manolis [National Technical University of Athens (Greece); University School of Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering, Zografos (Greece). Div. for Marine Structures

    2013-11-15

    As the density of sea traffic keeps growing, designing ship structures capable of withstanding accidental loads such as collisions or grounding without detrimental consequences proves an ever-greater challenge. Double hull designs play a major role in this respect, as explains Manolis Samuelides, Professor at the National Technical University of Athens. (orig.)

  17. Logistique de transport pour le projet LHC enseignements des premiers secteurs

    CERN Document Server

    Prodon, S

    2003-01-01

    Ce papier dresse un premier bilan de la logistique de transport mise en place pour l'installation du LHC. Les moyens de planification mis en oeuvre seront tout d'abord évoqués avec notamment les réunions avec les groupes utilisateurs, l'élaboration de procédures de transport, la génération de listings d'articles à transporter ou encore l'établissement d'un planning des ressources. Cependant, les premiers travaux d'installation du LHC ont fait apparaître des divergences importantes entre le planning logistique établi et la réalité du terrain. Ces écarts seront analysés, qu'il s'agisse de différences sur le volume de matériel à acheminer, d'opérations non planifiées, de changements de plannings entraînant de longues et délicates traversées de chantiers ou de manque de planification des besoins en personnel dans certaines zones. Tous ces enseignements acquis au cours des premiers travaux devraient permettre de dégager des voies d'amélioration à mettre en place pour les prochains secteur...

  18. ETUDE BIBLIOGRAPHIQUE ET NUMERIQUE DES PHENOMENES DE TRANSPORT DANS LE BETON

    OpenAIRE

    DJELIL, Mohammed

    2012-01-01

    Une faible durabilité des structures en béton peut provoquer une ruine complète ou partielle des ouvrages. En fonction des conditions d’exposition, les différents mécanismes à la source des dégradations font très souvent intervenir un ou plusieurs phénomènes de transport. Une analyse bibliographique détaillée sur les propriétés physico-chimiques et microstructurales des matériaux cimentaires, puis, sur les différents phénomènes de transport, constitue le premier objectif de ce ...

  19. Les enjeux politiques autour des frontières maritimes (The Political Challenges of Maritime Borders

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandra Bellayer Roille

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available En dépit de la Convention de Montego Bay régulant les différents espaces maritimes, force est de constater que les différends territoriaux concernent régulièrement les frontières maritimes. De nouvelles revendications territoriales voient actuellement le jour, en raison des enjeux économiques liés à l'appropriation de nouvelles ressources naturelles ou induits par le réchauffement climatique (cf. Arctique. La volonté de certains États d'affirmer leur puissance régionale peut également se traduire par une stratégie de « juridiction rampante » sur des zones maritimes voisines (cf. Mer de Chine. La nécessité de garantir la sûreté en mer se traduit, par ailleurs, par la surveillance du franchissement illicite des frontières maritimes (cf. immigration par mer et par la lutte contre la criminalité exploitant les défaillances de certains espaces maritimes (cf. narcotrafic, piraterie.(Despite the Convention of Montego Bay, which regulates various maritime areas, disputes continue over maritime borders. In fact new territorial disputes have recently arisen due to the economic challenges posed by the discovery of natural resources and climate change (cf. the Artic. Moves by certain states to increase their power can involve claims of jurisdiction over maritime areas. (cf. China sea. In order to ensure maritime security it is necessary to combat both illegal maritime-border crossings (cf. immigration by sea and criminal exploitation of the weaknesses in the regulation of maritime areas (cf. Narco-trafficing, piracy.

  20. Radioactive wastes transport. A safety logic; Le transport des dechets radioactifs. Une logique de surete

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-07-01

    The safety principle which applies to transport operations of radioactive wastes obeys to a very strict regulation. For the conditioning of wastes in package, the organisation of shipments and the qualification of carriers, the ANDRA, the French national agency of radioactive wastes, has implemented a rigorous policy based on the respect of a quality procedure and on the mastery of delivery fluxes. This brochure presents in a simple, illustrated and detailed manner the different steps of these transports. (J.S.)

  1. Modeling of pollutant emissions from road transport; Modelisation des emissions de polluants par le transport routier

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2003-07-01

    COPERT III (computer programme to calculate emissions from road transport) is the third version of an MS Windows software programme aiming at the calculation of air pollutant emissions from road transport. COPERT estimates emissions of all regulated air pollutants (CO, NO{sub x}, VOC, PM) produced by different vehicle categories as well as CO{sub 2} emissions on the basis of fuel consumption. This research seminar was organized by the French agency of environment and energy mastery (Ademe) around the following topics: the uncertainties and sensitiveness analysis of the COPERT III model, the presentation of case studies that use COPERT III for the estimation of road transport emissions, and the future of the modeling of road transport emissions: from COPERT III to ARTEMIS (assessment and reliability of transport emission models and inventory systems). This document is a compilation of 8 contributions to this seminar and dealing with: the uncertainty and sensitiveness analysis of the COPERT III model; the road mode emissions of the ESCOMPTE program: sensitivity study; the sensitivity analysis of the spatialized traffic at the time-aggregation level: application in the framework of the INTERREG project (Alsace); the road transport aspect of the regional air quality plan of Bourgogne region: exhaustive consideration of the road network; intercomparison of tools and methods for the inventory of emissions of road transport origin; evolution of the French park of vehicles by 2025: new projections; application of COPERT III to the French context: a new version of IMPACT-ADEME; the European ARTEMIS project: new structural considerations for the modeling of road transport emissions. (J.S.)

  2. Curved finite elements and acceleration for the neutron transport; Elements finis courbes et acceleration pour le transport de neutrons

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moller, J.Y.

    2012-01-10

    To model the nuclear reactors, the stationary linear Boltzmann equation is solved. After discretizing the energy and the angular variables, the hyperbolic equation is numerically solved with the discontinuous finite element method. The MINARET code uses this method on a triangular unstructured mesh in order to deal with complex geometries (like containing arcs of circle). However, the meshes with straight edges only approximate such geometries. With curved edges, the mesh fits exactly to the geometry, and in some cases, the number of triangles decreases. The main task of this work is the study of finite elements on curved triangles with one or several curved edges. The choice of the basis functions is one of the main points for this kind of finite elements. We obtained a convergence result under the assumption that the curved triangles are not too deformed in comparison with the associated straight triangles. Furthermore, a code has been written to treat triangles with one, two or three curved edges. Another part of this work deals with the acceleration of transport calculations. Indeed, the problem is solved iteratively, and, in some cases, can converge really slowly. A DSA (Diffusion Synthetic Acceleration) method has been implemented using a technique from interior penalty methods. A Fourier analysis in 1D and 2D allows to estimate the acceleration for infinite periodical media, and to check the stability of the numerical scheme when strong heterogeneities exist. (author) [French] La modelisation des reacteurs nucleaires repose sur la resolution de l'equation de Boltzmann lineaire. Nous nous sommes interesses a la resolution spatiale de la forme stationnaire de cette equation. Apres discretisation en energie et en angle, l'equation hyperbolique est resolue numeriquement par la methode des elements finis discontinus. Le solveur MINARET utilise cette methode sur un maillage triangulaire non structure afin de pouvoir traiter des geometries complexes

  3. Transports: Price of a strategy; Transports: Le prix d'une strategie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bonnafous, Alain [Commissariat General du Plan, Paris (France)

    2000-02-02

    This is a report of the Workshop 'Strategic orientations of the transport policy' presided by Alain Bonnafous. In France the State invests annually ten billion Francs in transport infrastructures of national or regional interest. It contributes by several billiard Francs to ensure the financial balance of the public operators of the sector. The results are disappointing from many points of view. It plunged SNCF into debts, delayed building top-priority infrastructure, impaired competition between railway and road transports, etc. These drawbacks are explainable largely by the transport policy. This document urges for a joint action of all public means. There two sections. The first, titled 'Elements of reflection and recommendations' contains a synthesis and two reports on tariffing and financing the transport infrastructures. The recommendation is argued to submit all the transport modes to the same fare-establishing principles. A more rational methodology would allow establishing a fair competition, discouraging the unprofitable investment and solving the traffic jamming problems. A second recommendation aims at braking the dividers between the financial circuits, i.e., to set an end to an irrational system by which projects though very gainful for community fail to find financing while others less profitable benefit of afforded resources. The transport effectiveness drives the global competitiveness and affects the employment level. Solely a policy able to manage coherently the financing, fare-establishment, fiscal matters, and regulation could offer it to this country at a reasonable price. The second section contains the reports concerning the competitiveness of public operators. It analyses their economic situation and urges at breaking the vicious circle of their plunging in over-debts. Indeed, it suggests another long term vision upon the financial elements of these establishments and risks they are exposed to.

  4. LeFRK2 is required for phloem and xylem differentiation and the transport of both sugar and water.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Damari-Weissler, Hila; Rachamilevitch, Shimon; Aloni, Roni; German, Marcelo A; Cohen, Shabtai; Zwieniecki, Maciej A; Michele Holbrook, N; Granot, David

    2009-09-01

    It has been suggested that LeFRK2, the major fructose-phosphorylating enzyme in tomato plants, may be required for stem xylem development. Yet, we do not know if this enzyme affects the development of individual vessels, whether it affects water conductance, or whether it affects phloem development and sugar transport. Here, we show that suppression of LeFRK2 results in a significant reduction in the size of vascular cells and slows fiber maturation. The vessels in stems of LeFRK2-antisense plants are narrower than in WT plants and have thinner secondary cell walls. Although the cambium produces rounded secondary vessels, these vessels become deformed during the early stages of xylem maturation. Water conductance is then reduced in stems, roots, and leaves, suggesting that LeFRK2 influences xylem development throughout the entire vascular system. Interestingly, the build-up of positive xylem pressure under static (no-flow) conditions was also decreased. Suppression of LeFRK2 reduced the length and width of the sieve elements, as well as callose deposition. To examine the effect of LeFRK2 suppression on phloem transport, we created triple-grafted plants in which a portion of the wild-type stem was replaced with an antisense interstcok, and compared the contents of the transported sugar, sucrose, in the different portions of these stems. Sucrose contents above and within the LeFRK2-antisense interstock were significantly higher than those below the graft. These results show that the antisense interstock restricted the downward movement of sucrose, suggesting that LeFRK2 is required for both phloem and xylem development.

  5. El transporte de mercancías por carretera en Castilla y León

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina Álvarez Folgueras

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available El transporte es una parte fundamental en la actividad de cualquier sociedad. Se ha convertido en imprescindible en la actividad tanto profesional como lúdica de los individuos y es un elemento crítico en las relaciones económicas de los territorios. Las políticas de inversión en infraestructuras, junto con las mejoras tecnológicas en los vehículos, han sido algunas de las principales razones que han convertido a la carretera en el modo más utilizado tanto para el transporte de viajeros como para el de mercancías. En este trabajo se pretende analizar la situación actual del transporte de mercancías por carretera en la Comunidad Autónoma de Castilla y León, haciendo un repaso de diferentes magnitudes directamente relacionadas con el sector, como su peso relativo en la actividad total de la región, la dimensión del parque de vehículos, la estructura empresarial de las empresas dedicadas a la actividad, la configuración de los flujos o el análisis del tipo de mercancia transportada.Transportation is a fundamental part in the activity of any society. It has become essential for the professional and leisure activities of the individuals and it is a critical element in the economic relationships of the territories. The investment policies in infrastructures, as well as the technological improvements of the vehicles, are some of the main reasons that have turned the road into the most used mean of transport for people as well as for freight. In this work, we intend to analyze the current situation of road freight in the Comunidad Autónoma of Castilla y León, making a revision of different magnitudes directly related to the sector, as its relative weigh in the total activity of the region, the number of vehicles, the entrepreneurial structure of the companies devoted to the activity, the configuration of the flows or the analysis of the type of merchandise transported

  6. Development of numerical methods for reactive transport; Developpement de methodes numeriques pour le transport reactif

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bouillard, N

    2006-12-15

    When a radioactive waste is stored in deep geological disposals, it is expected that the waste package will be damaged under water action (concrete leaching, iron corrosion). Then, to understand these damaging processes, chemical reactions and solutes transport are modelled. Numerical simulations of reactive transport can be done sequentially by the coupling of several codes. This is the case of the software platform ALLIANCES which is developed jointly with CEA, ANDRA and EDF. Stiff reactions like precipitation-dissolution are crucial for the radioactive waste storage applications, but standard sequential iterative approaches like Picard's fail in solving rapidly reactive transport simulations with such stiff reactions. In the first part of this work, we focus on a simplified precipitation and dissolution process: a system made up with one solid species and two aqueous species moving by diffusion is studied mathematically. It is assumed that a precipitation dissolution reaction occurs in between them, and it is modelled by a discontinuous kinetics law of unknown sign. By using monotonicity properties, the convergence of a finite volume scheme on admissible mesh is proved. Existence of a weak solution is obtained as a by-product of the convergence of the scheme. The second part is dedicated to coupling algorithms which improve Picard's method and can be easily used in an existing coupling code. By extending previous works, we propose a general and adaptable framework to solve nonlinear systems. Indeed by selecting special options, we can either recover well known methods, like nonlinear conjugate gradient methods, or design specific method. This algorithm has two main steps, a preconditioning one and an acceleration one. This algorithm is tested on several examples, some of them being rather academical and others being more realistic. We test it on the 'three species model'' example. Other reactive transport simulations use an external

  7. The Inaugural Report of the Global Maritime and Air Communities of Interest Intelligence Enterprises

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-11-01

    developed with support and input from the Global Maritime and Transporta- tion School ( GMATS ) at the U.S. Merchant Marine Academy. The 3 week course...Global Maritime and Air Intelligence Integration GMATS Global Maritime and Transportation School A-3 GMCOI Global Maritime Community of Interest

  8. Strategic environmental assessment of hydrocarbon development in the maritime estuary and the northwestern Gulf of St. Lawrence; Evaluation environnementale strategique de la mise en valeur des hydrocarbures dans le bassin de l'estuaire maritime et du nord-ouest du golfe du Saint-Laurent

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2010-07-15

    The St. Lawrence maritime estuary is the subject of a major geological research project to determine the possible presence of natural gas. Exploration work conducted by the Geological Survey of Canada in 2003 and 2004 revealed the possible presence of hydrocarbons in the estuary's Quaternary geological formations. Several pockmarks resembling chimneys were found, through which small quantities of natural gas escape. Development of the resource was considered, given the basin's proximity to potential markets and transportation infrastructures. This first strategic environmental assessment (SEA) of the maritime estuary and the northwestern Gulf of St. Lawrence covered nearly 29,000 km{sup 2} of marine territory located east of the Saguenay-St. Lawrence Marine Park to the western tip of Anticosti Island. The objective was to better understand the biophysical, social, and economic components that characterize this basin and to draft recommendations concerning the conditions for oil and gas exploration and development. The SEA will be the first study of its kind supervised by the Quebec Ministere des ressources naturelles et de la Faune (MRNF). Exploration was carried out using seismic surveys and exploratory drilling. Development was divided into 3 phases, notably startup, production, and restoration of the production site to its original state. The assessment shows that this is a complex and fragile environment and that many communities depend on activities connected with tourism and commercial fishery. The SEA program will help to ensure all the necessary requirements are met for the sustainable development of the oil and gas resources in this marine environments. refs., tabs., figs.

  9. Les ports et la façade maritime du Maghreb, entre intégration régionale et mondiale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatima Zohra Mohamed-Chérif

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Le Maghreb central (Maroc, Algérie, Tunisie possède une façade maritime de 3 000 km en bordure de la mer Méditerranée et de l’océan Atlantique. Sa position de carrefour entre deux mers et deux continents en fait un acteur stratégique de l’interface Nord/Sud que constitue la mer Méditerranée. Les auteurs passent ici en revue les éléments de convergence et de divergence dans l’organisation spatiale de cette façade et analysent lele des ports et du transport maritime dans la mise en relation régionale et mondiale des espaces du Maghreb. Malgré lele-clé des ports dans l’économie régionale, la croissance du trafic et l’élargissement géographique des avant-pays maritimes, l’intégration territoriale de cette région reste limitée.

  10. High security ion-lithium batteries with rapid recharge for the terrestrial transport and energy storage; Batteries de type ion-lithium de haute securite a recharge rapide pour le transport terrestre et le stockage d'energie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zaghib, Karim; Dontigny, M.; Charest, P.; Guerfi, A.; Trotier, J.; Mathieu, M.C.; Zhu, W.; Petitclerc, M.; Veillette, R.; Serventi, A.; Hovington, P.; Lagace, M.; Trudeau, M.; Vijh, A.

    2010-09-15

    Electrical terrestrial transport is today a hub of innovation and growth for Hydro-Quebec. In the perspective of electrification of terrestrial transports, battery remains the critical factor of future success of rechargeable electrical vehicles. For nearly 20 years, Hydro-Quebec, via its research institute, has worked at developing battery material for the lithium-ion technology. Two types of Li-ion batteries have been developed: the energy battery and the power battery. [French] Le transport terrestre electrique est aujourd'hui un pole d'innovation et de croissance pour Hydro-Quebec. Dans la perspective de l'electrification des transports terrestres, la batterie demeure le facteur critique du succes futur des vehicules electriques rechargeables. Depuis pres de 20 ans, Hydro-Quebec, par le biais de son Institut de recherche, travaille au developpement de materiaux de batteries destinees a la technologie lithium-ion. Deux types de batteries Li-ion ont ete mises au point : la batterie d'energie et la batterie de puissance.

  11. Analysis of Maritime Transport Channel Risk Fuzzy Evaluation Method%基于模糊评判法分析海上运输通道风险

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张帅

    2013-01-01

    In order to comprehensive analysis and evaluation of transportation risk,the risk analysis using fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method,not only for certain elements or a link,but a multi index evaluation,the scientific division of risk level,the correlation analysis between the current level,evaluation of maritime transport channel relatively objective risk system to define the influence degree,the risk factors,determine the risk severity,find out the key risk factors,to put forward the solution and rescue measures.%为了能够全面地分析和评价运输通道风险,文中采用模糊综合评价法进行风险分析,不是单单针对某一要素或某一环节,而是采用多指标评价方法进行综合评价,科学划分风险层次,分析多层次间的相关度,相对客观地评价当前海上运输通道风险系统,明确各风险要素的影响程度,确定其风险严重程度,找出关键的风险因素,以提出针对性的解决和救援措施。

  12. Les capteurs de transport de neige par le vent au banc d'essai Intercomparaison between drifting snow sensors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hervé Bellot et Florence Naaim-Bouvet

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Le transport de la neige par le vent entraîne la formation de congères, augmente le risque d'avalanches et limite la visibilité. Afin d’améliorer la prévision du phénomène et de développer une ingénierie de protection, les acteurs locaux de la prévention ont besoin d’informations précises sur les quantités de neige transportée par le vent. Cet article fait le point sur les différentes technologies de mesure disponibles en comparant des essais réalisés in situ et en soufflerie avec plusieurs types de capteurs.Wind-transported snow is a common phenomenon in cold windy areas such as mountainous and polar regions. The resulting snowdrifts often cause problems for infrastructure and road maintenance and contribute significantly to the loading of the avalanche release area. It also reduces visibility. It is very important to better determine drifting snow fluxes in the framework of forecast or mitigation. Therefore this article reviews the different available technologies such as mechanical traps, acoustic or optical sensors. It bases its conclusion on essays carried out in wind-tunnel and on in situ experimental site at Col du Lac Blanc which is dedicated to the study of drifting snow. If acoustic sensors are not so promising as expected, optical sensors give accurate results. Nevertheless the measurement area is small-sized. That is why the coupling with a theoretical approach is still indispensable.

  13. Save Maritime Systems Testbed

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bolles André

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available ‘Safe voyage from berth to berth’ — this is the goal of all e-navigation strains, driven by new technologies, new infrastructures and new organizational structures on bridge, on shore as well as in the cloud. To facilitate these efforts suitable engineering and safety/risk assessment methods have to be applied. Understanding maritime transportation as a sociotechnical system allows system engineering methods to be applied. Formal and simulation based verification and validation of e-navigation technologies are important methods to obtain system safety and reliability. The modelling and simulation toolset HAGGIS provides methods for system specification and formal risk analysis. It provides a modelling framework for processes, fault trees and generic hazard specification and a physical world and maritime traffic simulation system. HAGGIS is accompanied by the physical test bed LABSKAUS which implements a reference port and waterway. Additionally, it contains an experimental Vessel Traffic Services (VTS implementation and a mobile integrated bridge enabling in situ experiments for technology evaluation, testing, ground research and demonstration. This paper describes an integrated seamless approach for developing new e-navigation technologies starting with virtual simulation based assessment and ending in physical real world demonstrations.

  14. Terrorisme maritime et piraterie d’aujourd’hui

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hugues Eudeline

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Hors temps de conflits armés, les actes de violence dans le domaine maritime sont essentiellement de deux sortes : la piraterie, pratiquée à des fins privées, et le terrorisme qui poursuit des objectifs politiques. Répondant à des logiques différentes, ces deux formes de violence constituent, indépendamment, des menaces pour les 50 000 navires marchands qui transportent plus de 90% du commerce mondial. Leur éventuelle collusion, si elle était de grande ampleur, pourrait avoir un effet multiplicateur entraînant des conséquences très importantes sur une économie mondiale fragilisée.L’environnement physique qu’elles partagent est propice aux activités illégales. La mer couvre 71% de la surface du globe et constitue un espace pour l’essentiel libre de toute emprise étatique et impossible à contrôler. Les nombreuses actions des pirates autour de l’Afrique malgré les réactions internationales le montrent à l’envi. En parallèle, la mouvance terrorisme islamiste développe une stratégie d’attaque de l’économie mondiale dont les flux maritimes constituent un des principaux piliers.Les liens des deux activités avec la criminalité les rapprochent également. Le terrorisme les entretient pour des raisons logistiques et financières, alors que la piraterie, avec les différents trafics, en est une composante maritime majeure.Cette proximité et une complémentarité des compétences nécessaires à leur pratique pourraient les rapprocher plus encore. Cette entente contre-nature permettrait d’associer les connaissances nautiques des pirates, marins expérimentés aux capacités de planification des terroristes.Apart from times of high intensity conflict, the two main forms of violence at sea are piracy, and maritime terrorism. If the former is perpetrated at private ends, the latter is politically motivated. Although addressing different ends, both activities are important threats for the 50,000 merchant vessels

  15. China’s Maritime Transportation Security and its Measures of Safeguard%中国海上通道安全及保障思路研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜德斌; 马亚华; 范斐; 恽才兴

    2015-01-01

    Since reform and opening up, especially after joining the WTO, Chi-na has built its rocketing economy largely dependent on external resources and markets, most of which are transported by sea. Huge volume of freight, geo-graphical concentration of destinations, added with closure or semi-closure of territorial waters, make China’s economy highly rely on some strategic seaway passages, like the Malacca Strait, the Ormuz Strait, and so on. As China has not established a maritime security system matchable to its economy power and need, its external supply chain is exposed to all possible risks in these pas-sages. And these risks are mainly from three countries—the United States, Japan, and India. The US is even able to mobilize its global alliances to close these passages, and thus paralyzing China’s maritime transportation, which would be fatal to Chinese economy and even stability. Therefore, China should try to reinforce cooperation with the United States, Russia and other nations to reduce risks, and at the same time, to increase maritime military forces along the South China Sea and the Indian Ocean, keep non-specific de-terrence, so that the passages of China’s sea freight can be secured.%改革开放以来,尤其是加入WTO后,中国经济业已形成“两头在外、两头在海”的运行格局。对外贸易运输量巨大,且地区分布相对集中,加之海域的封闭或半封闭性特点,中国海洋运输对马六甲海峡等海上通道的依赖程度远高于其他国家;由于尚未构建起与自身经济实力和现实需要相匹配的海上安全保障体系,中国海外供应链暴露于多种安全威胁之下,使国民经济体系潜伏安全隐患,这些战略性威胁主要来自美、日、印三个国家,其中美国是唯一可动用全球性同盟力量关闭主要海上通道、瘫痪中国运输体系的国家。因此,基于对中国海上通道安全态势的解析和中国所拥有的战略资源

  16. SWOT Analysis and Strategic Choice for Development of Civil - military Integration Maritime Strategic Transportation Forces%海上战略投送力量军民融合式发展的SWOT分析与战略选择

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王春颖; 苏春华; 孙大同

    2012-01-01

    On the basis of analyzing strong and weak points, opportunities and threats of the development of civil - military integration maritime strategic transportation forces of army, this paper proposes the strategic choice for development of civil- military integration maritime strategic transportation forces of army, combining with the present rapid growth situation of the economy and shipping power. It has important significance for the construction of maritime strategic transportation forces.%在运用SWOT方法分析海上战略投送力量军民融合式发展优势、劣势、机会和威胁的基础上,结合我国经济和海运力量快速增长的现状,提出了我军海上战略投送力量军民融合式发展的战略选择,对我军海上战略投送力量的建设具有重要意义。

  17. Improved analysis of emission from maritime transport. A successful pilot in the Rijnmond harbor area, Netherlands; Verbeterde bepaling zeevaartemissies. Een succesvolle pilot in het Rijnmondgebied

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Molenaar, R.; Van der Tak, C.; Hulskotte, J. [DCMR Milieudienst Rijnmond, Rotterdam (Netherlands)

    2009-10-15

    Until recently there was much uncertainty about emissions from maritime transport; especially wit respect to the location of the emissions but also partly with regard to volume. By determining the emission of each individual sea-going vessel on its way through the harbor, the total emission of the sector in the Rijnmond harbor area has become much clearer. Key to this approach are the transponder signals frequently sent out by each ship to provide information on location, identity and speed. This new approach turned out to lead to large spatial differences compared to the old generic method in which the total emissions per harbor basin were estimated. [Dutch] Tot voor kort waren de emissies van de zeevaart hoogst onzeker, vooral de locatie van de emissies maar deels ook de omvang. Door van elk individueel zeeschip, op zijn tocht door de haven, de emissie te bepalen is de totale emissie van de sector in het Rijnmondgebied nu veel beter bekend. De sleutel in deze aanpak vormen de transpondersignalen waarmee elk schip zijn plaats, identiteit en snelheid met grote frequentie meldt. De nieuwe methode bleek ruimtelijke grote veranderingen op te leveren ten opzichte van de oude generieke methode waarbij de totale emissies per havenbekken geschat werden.

  18. On the Applications of Modern Educational Technology in Maritime English Teaching from the Perspective of Constructivism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cui, Zhongliang

    2010-01-01

    Nowadays maritime transportation has become a major modern logistics because of its large capacity and low cost. English plays a leading role in the industry of maritime transportation. It is the most important medium and an indispensable communication tool in international business and global marine industry. Maritime English teaching has made…

  19. Maritime Patrol Airship Concept Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    1978-11-16

    study additional applications of the company’s ACV technology, the Navy and the Commerce Department’s Maritime Ad- I. r . r lands abn,’ ,--r- t• LA... Voyageur , were proviug the potential of versatile, Patdeck ACVs for a wide range of future .k,, applications. By 1975, Voyageurs w-re at work with the...engineering in Canada’s Ministry of Transport, explained that the Voyageur was traveling at abott 15 knots over hard, unbroken ice when the crew noticed

  20. Transport adiabatique et phases de Berry : application au contrôle quantique cohérent passif

    Science.gov (United States)

    Viennot, D.

    2004-11-01

    L'étude de l'interaction d'atomes ou de molécules avec des champs électromagnétiques intenses, nécéssite le développement de nouveaux outils de modélisation rendant compte de la dynamique quantique de ces systèmes. Une approche purement perturbative étant impossible en champs forts, on s'est tourné vers une approche “adiabatique”. Afin de traiter correctement le cas des croisements de valeurs propres, on a généralisé les formules de transport adiabatique en faisant intervenir une généralisation de la phase de Berry non-abélienne.

  1. Some results on the neutron transport and the coupling of equations; Quelques resultats sur le transport neutronique et le couplage d`equations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bal, G. [Electricite de France (EDF), Direction des Etudes et Recherches, 92 - Clamart (France)

    1997-12-31

    Neutron transport in nuclear reactors is well modeled by the linear Boltzmann transport equation. Its resolution is relatively easy but very expensive. To achieve whole core calculations, one has to consider simpler models, such as diffusion or homogeneous transport equations. However, the solutions may become inaccurate in particular situations (as accidents for instance). That is the reason why we wish to solve the equations on small area accurately and more coarsely on the remaining part of the core. It is than necessary to introduce some links between different discretizations or modelizations. In this note, we give some results on the coupling of different discretizations of all degrees of freedom of the integral-differential neutron transport equation (two degrees for the angular variable, on for the energy component, and two or three degrees for spatial position respectively in 2D (cylindrical symmetry) and 3D). Two chapters are devoted to the coupling of discrete ordinates methods (for angular discretization). The first one is theoretical and shows the well posing of the coupled problem, whereas the second one deals with numerical applications of practical interest (the results have been obtained from the neutron transport code developed at the R and D, which has been modified for introducing the coupling). Next, we present the nodal scheme RTN0, used for the spatial discretization. We show well posing results for the non-coupled and the coupled problems. At the end, we deal with the coupling of energy discretizations for the multigroup equations obtained by homogenization. Some theoretical results of the discretization of the velocity variable (well-posing of problems), which do not deal directly with the purposes of coupling, are presented in the annexes. (author). 34 refs.

  2. 78 FR 57454 - Marine Transportation System National Advisory Council

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-18

    ... Maritime Administration Marine Transportation System National Advisory Council AGENCY: Maritime Administration, DOT. ACTION: Notice of request for applications. SUMMARY: The Maritime Administration (MarAd) is seeking applications for membership on the Marine Transportation System National Advisory Council...

  3. El sector del transporte en Castilla y León. Un análisis input output interregional = The transportation sector in Castilla y León. An inter-regional input-output analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Pardo Fanjul

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Resumen El análisis estructural en un contexto Input Output, y en cualquier modelo que relaciona variables endógenas con exógenas, sirve como paso previo para simular y predecir alternativas en el tiempo o en el espacio. La utilización de una Tabla Interregional, configurada con diversas matrices de coeficientes intrarregionales e interregionales que recogen los flujos de comercio entre regiones y sectores, hace que sea posible abordar el análisis espacial de estas interrelaciones. El objetivo de éste trabajo es simular los efectos en las distintas regiones españolas, de variaciones exógenas en la demanda final del sector de transporte en Castilla y León. Abstract In an Input Output context, and in any model relating endogenous and exogenous variables, structural analysis serves as a preliminary step to simulate and predict alternatives in time or space. By using an Interregional Table, which is composed by various matrices of coefficients intrarregional and interregional collecting trade flows between regions and sectors, it is possible to deal with the spatial analysis of these interrelationships. This work aims to simulate the effects of an exogenous variation in Castilla y León transport sector final demand on other Spanish regions

  4. El sector del transporte en Castilla y León. Un análisis input output interregional = The transportation sector in Castilla y León. An inter-regional input-output analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Pardo Fanjul

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available El análisis estructural en un contexto Input Output, y en cualquier modelo que relaciona variables endógenas con exógenas, sirve como paso previo para simular y predecir alternativas en el tiempo o en el espacio. La utilización de una Tabla Interregional, configurada con diversas matrices de coeficientes intrarregionales e interregionales que recogen los flujos de comercio entre regiones y sectores, hace que sea posible abordar el análisis espacial de estas interrelaciones.El objetivo de éste trabajo es simular los efectos en las distintas regiones españolas, de variaciones exógenas en la demanda final del sector de transporte en Castilla y León.In an Input Output context, and in any model relating endogenous and exogenous variables, structural analysis serves as a preliminary step to simulate and predict alternatives in time or space. By using an Interregional Table, which is composed by various matrices of coefficients intrarregional and interregional collecting trade flows between regions and sectors, it is possible to deal with the spatial analysis of these interrelationships.This work aims to simulate the effects of an exogenous variation in Castilla y León transport sector final demand on other Spanish regions.

  5. Abbreviations in Maritime English

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Zhirong

    2011-01-01

    Aiming at the phenomena that more and more abbreviations occur in maritime English correspondences, the composing laws of the abbreviations in maritime English correspondence are analyzed, and the correct methods to answer the abbreviations are pointed out, and the translation method of abbreviations are summarized in this article, and the…

  6. Mesoscale modeling of smoke transport over the Southeast Asian Maritime Continent: coupling of smoke direct radiative effect below and above the low-level clouds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ge, C.; Wang, J.; Reid, J. S.

    2014-01-01

    The online-coupled Weather Research and Forecasting model with Chemistry (WRF-Chem) is used to simulate the direct and semi-direct radiative impacts of smoke particles over the Southeast Asian Maritime Continent (MC, 10° S-10° N, 90-150° E) during October 2006 when a significant El Niño event caused the highest biomass burning activity since 1997. With the use of an OC (organic carbon) / BC (black carbon) ratio of 10 in the smoke emission inventory, the baseline simulation shows that the clouds can reverse the negative smoke forcing in cloud-free conditions to a positive value. The net absorption of the atmosphere is largely enhanced when smoke resides above a cloud. This led to a warming effect at the top of the atmosphere (TOA) with a domain and monthly average forcing value of ~ 20 W m-2 over the islands of Borneo and Sumatra. Smoke-induced monthly average daytime heating (0.3 K) is largely confined above the low-level clouds, and results in a local convergence over the smoke source region. This heating-induced convergence transports more smoke particles above the planetary boundary layer height (PBLH), hence rendering a positive effect. This positive effect contrasts with a decrease in the cloud fraction resulting from the combined effects of smoke heating within the cloud layer and the more stable boundary layer; the latter can be considered as a negative effect in which a decrease of the cloud fraction weakens the heating by smoke particles above the clouds. During the nighttime, the elevated smoke layer lying above the clouds in the daytime is decoupled from the boundary layer, and the enhanced downdraft and shallower boundary layer lead to the accumulation of smoke particles near the surface. Because of monthly smoke radiative extinction, the amount of solar input at the surface is reduced by as much as 60 W m-2, which leads to a decrease in sensible heat, latent heat, 2 m air temperature, and PBLH by a maximum of 20 W m-2, 20 W m-2, 1 K, and 120 m

  7. Endocrine control of active sodium transport across frog skin; Le controle endocrinien du transport actif de sodium a travers la peau de grenouille

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Maetz, J. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France).Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1959-07-01

    I. Action of the neurohypophyseal peptides on sodium transport. 1) On Rana Esculenta, oxytocin alone is active on the sodium transport (not vaso pressin). 2) The post hypophysis of R.e. contains an hormonal factor even more specific on Na transport (12 times more active than oxytocin). 3) This new factor must be closely related to oxytocin. II. Action of the adrenal corticoids. 1) The skin of frogs adapted to a salt-rich external medium, shows a considerable diminution in sodium uptake. 2) This decreased sodium uptake is brought back to normal by the injections of aldosterone. 3) This suggests that salt loading of amphibians (as well as mammals) inhibits the mineralocorticoid activity of the adrenals. (author) [French] I. Action des peptides neurohypophysaires chez Rana esculenta. 1) Le transport actif de Na est sensible a l'action de l'ocytocine mais non a l'hormone antidiuretique. 2) La posthypophyse de ces grenouilles contient un facteur plus specifique encore, puisque 12 fois plus actif que l'ocytocine. 3) Ce facteur est cependant tres voisin de l'ocytocine au point de vue chimique. lI. Action des corticoides surrenaliens chez Rana Esculenta. 1) L'adaptation des grenouilles a un milieu riche en sel a pour effet une diminution considerable du transport actif de sodium, visible in vivo et in vitro. 2) L'injection d'aldosterone a des grenouilles adaptees dans ces conditions restaure le transport actif a un niveau comparable a celui que l'on observe chez les animaux conserves dans de l'eau courante. 3) Ces faits suggerent que la surcharge en NaCI produirait chez les amphibiens, comme chez les mammiferes, une mise au repos de la fonction mineralotrope de la surrenale. (auteur)

  8. Report made on behalf of the inquiry commission for the enforcement of the measures preconized for the safety of the maritime transport of hazardous or polluting products and for the evaluation of their efficiency; Rapport fait au nom de la commission d'enquete sur l'application des mesures preconisees en matiere de securite du transport maritime des produits dangereux ou polluants et l'evaluation de leur efficacite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2003-07-01

    On February 5, 2003, three years after the creation of an inquiry commission about the Erika tanker-ship wreck, the principle of a new inquiry commission about the safety of maritime transports was decided by the French house of commons. Its mission is: to evaluate the efficiency of the existing measures of prevention of marine pollution by hydrocarbons, to examine if the preconized safety measures for the transport of dangerous or polluting products are effectively enforced, and to evaluate the status of the transposition of the European directives relative to the control of hazardous ships. This document is the first tome of the report made on behalf of this inquiry commission. It comprises four parts dealing with: 1 - the Prestige tanker-ship wreck and the pollution of Spanish and French coasts: similarities with the Erika wreck but differences in the conditions of crisis management, diverging accident analyses, problems encountered in Spain, a significantly improved management of the crisis by the French administration, the public opinion and the local economy, the global increase of maritime transport and the reduction of accidents frequency; 2 - the real improvements after the Erika wreck: the significant advances but their partial implementation, the acceleration of actions following the Prestige wreck; 3 - the expected and realistic perspectives: the sustain of the political will at the national scale, the concretizing of the European decisions and the follow up of the retained trends, the need for more outstanding evolutions at the international scale; 4 - the international liability and compensation regime: its limitation to the hydrocarbons pollution, the lack of victims indemnification in the case of chemical pollution, the need for an increase of the liability of all actors of the maritime transport and the improvement of the compensation system, a community compensation fund to compensate the inefficiencies of the international compensation mechanisms

  9. EXploring non road TRansport EMISsions in Europe. Development of a Reference System on Emissions Factors for Rail, Maritime and Air Transport. Annex to Final Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chiffi, C.; Fiorello, D. [Trasporti e Territorio TRT, Milan (Italy); Schrooten, L.; De Vlieger, I. [Flemish Institute for Technological Research VITO, Mol (Belgium)

    2008-06-15

    EX-TREMIS brings together the most comprehensive and up-to-date information on non-road transport vehicle emission factors and activity statistics, which together make it possible to estimate the energy consumption and emissions resulting from different transport operations. The database covers four main data types: fleet data, transport activity data, emission and energy consumption factors, total energy consumption and emissions data, where total emissions and emission factors are calculated for CO2, NOX, SOX, CO, VOC, CH4, NMVOC and PM. All the related datasets are made available on the project website www.ex-tremis.eu. The report illustrates the final resulting datasets and presents the development of some selected transport activity units and pollutant emissions. On a separate annex, the methodologies related to the three domains are described in detail together with the references to the relevant sources used and the activities for homogenising data from different sources and filling gaps to cover the whole set of information required.

  10. EXploring non road TRansport EMISsions in Europe. Development of a Reference System on Emissions Factors for Rail, Maritime and Air Transport. Final Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chiffi, C.; Fiorello, D. [Trasporti e Territorio TRT, Milan (Italy); Schrooten, L.; De Vlieger, I. [Flemish Institute for Technological Research VITO, Mol (Belgium)

    2008-06-15

    EX-TREMIS brings together the most comprehensive and up-to-date information on non-road transport vehicle emission factors and activity statistics, which together make it possible to estimate the energy consumption and emissions resulting from different transport operations. The database covers four main data types: fleet data, transport activity data, emission and energy consumption factors, total energy consumption and emissions data, where total emissions and emission factors are calculated for CO2, NOX, SOX, CO, VOC, CH4, NMVOC and PM. All the related datasets are made available on the project website www.ex-tremis.eu. The report illustrates the final resulting datasets and presents the development of some selected transport activity units and pollutant emissions. On a separate annex, the methodologies related to the three domains are described in detail together with the references to the relevant sources used and the activities for homogenising data from different sources and filling gaps to cover the whole set of information required.

  11. Estimation of the acute inhalation hazards of chemicals based on route-to-route and local endpoint extrapolation: Experience from Bulk Maritime Transport

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Höfer, T.; James, D.; Syversen, T.; Bowmer, T.

    2011-01-01

    Data on acute lethal inhalation toxicity from animal studies are commonly required for assessing the hazards to human health of volatile, gaseous and dusty chemicals or their mixtures. The International Maritime Organisation (IMO) made the provision of acute inhalation toxicity data a mandatory

  12. Estimation of the acute inhalation hazards of chemicals based on route-to-route and local endpoint extrapolation: Experience from Bulk Maritime Transport

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Höfer, T.; James, D.; Syversen, T.; Bowmer, T.

    2011-01-01

    Data on acute lethal inhalation toxicity from animal studies are commonly required for assessing the hazards to human health of volatile, gaseous and dusty chemicals or their mixtures. The International Maritime Organisation (IMO) made the provision of acute inhalation toxicity data a mandatory requ

  13. Transport of MOX fuel from Europe to Japan; Transport de combustible mox d' Europe vers le Japon

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-07-01

    The MOX fuel transports from Europe to Japan represent a main part in the implementing of the Japan nuclear program. They complement the 160 transports of spent fuels realized from Japan to Europe and the vitrified residues return from France to Japan. In this framework the document presents the MOX fuel, the use of the MOX fuel in reactor, the proliferation risks, the MOX fuel transport to Japan, the public health, the transport regulations, the safety and the civil liability. (A.L.B.)

  14. The Maritime Engineering Education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Ingrid Marie Vincent; Nielsen, Ulrik Dam; Lützen, Marie

    2012-01-01

    This article describes the outcome of a survey initiated by the Danish Maritime Fund (DMF). The survey resulted in a report that describes the engineering competencies requested by the Danish maritime industry. This is of interest since the desired competencies have changed in the past one to two...... decades, where Denmark no longer has a considerable ship-building industry. Furthermore, the DMF initiated report concludes that the demand for maritime engineers in the industry is larger than the output. The report sets forth a series of recommendations to the industry as well as the universities...... to enable meeting the demand for maritime engineers in Denmark. The recommendations are outlined together with the work commenced at the Technical University of Denmark (DTU) and the University of Southern Denmark (SDU) to follow up on the recommendations in the report....

  15. Modern Maritime Trade Warfare

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-20

    historically established method for conducting maritime trade warfare is Maritime Interdiction Operations ( MIO ). In the context of this paper, the...operating far from friendly shores. Accordingly, this tool would be most useful against nations with less capable navies. An advantage of MIO in...or collateral damage. 6 Large-scale MIO can be resource intensive and time consuming, and the U.S. Navy and Coast Guard have limited ships and

  16. Identifying Maritime Logistics Competences for Sustaining Maritime Economies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gammelgaard, Britta; Kinra, Aseem; Sornn-Friese, Henrik

    This paper conducts a comparative assessment of the Danish maritime cluster, measured against a range of international known and respected maritime clusters like Virginia, London, the Netherlands, Singapore, Shanghai, Norway and Hong Kong. The aim is also to bring out the characteristics...... of the Danish maritime cluster’s development, and unique competences. The comparative assessment highlights the importance of different historical and geographical backgrounds, when explaining the relative positions of the Danish, and other comparable maritime clusters. Other specific common features...... of excellence in the selected maritime clusters were maritime policies, R&D, and the prevalence of higher education....

  17. Renewable maritime energies. Facing the 2020 target, will the Sea Serpent emerge at last?; Dossier Energies Marines Renouvelables. Face a l'objectif 2020, le serpent des mers emergera-t-il enfin?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2009-07-01

    Dealing with the production of renewable energy in maritime environments, a series of articles comments the activities of various French organisations in this area: research organisations like Ifremer or the Ecole Centrale de Nantes (an engineering school), public organisations like the ADEME, private or public companies like Total, EDF, GDF, Enertrag in the search or in the development of technologies aimed at the production of energy by different methods: wind energy (with offshore wind farm projects), tidal energy, maritime biomass energy, osmotic energy, sea thermal energy (notably in Reunion Island), tidal energy or the energy which could be generated from waves or from the swell. As the first article recalls it, the objective is to reach the objective of 23% of renewable energies in the French consumption by 2020. Some assessments of the French potential production in these different domains are given, as well as prospective data about the capacities of European countries in the large scale development of offshore wind farms as recommended by the European Commission. These activities and some difficulties (for the first French offshore wind turbine project) are also discussed in interviews with engineers, researchers or company managers.

  18. Resolution of the transport equation in CRONOS code; Resolution de l`equation de transport dans le code CRONOS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fedon-Magnaud, C.

    1994-01-01

    The general ideas which are applied to introduce the resolution of the neutron transport equation in CRONOS code are given in this paper. They are: - the even parity formulation; - the symmetry boundary treatment; - an angle condensation acceleration. The first qualifying results are also presented. (author). 15 refs., 14 figs., 9 tab.

  19. Transports publics et recompositions territoriales dans le Nord-Pas-de-Calais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cyprien Richer

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Dans un contexte d’extension spatiale des pratiques de mobilité, les réformes territoriales cherchent à promouvoir des autorités organisatrices de transport urbain (AOTU aux compétences plus étoffées et aux périmètres plus larges. L’article observe les recompositions de ces espaces d’organisation des transports publics dans la région Nord-Pas-de-Calais depuis une quarantaine d’années. À travers une lecture cartographique, l’objectif de ce travail est de déterminer les enjeux consécutifs aux évolutions de statut et de périmètre des AOTU dans une région marquée par des dynamiques de métropolisation.

  20. Maritime Cyber Security University Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-05-01

    i Classification | CG-926 RDC | author | audience | month year Maritime Cyber Security University Research Phase I - Final Report...Distribution Statement A: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. May 2016 Report No. CG-D-06-16 Maritime Cyber Security ...Director United States Coast Guard Research & Development Center 1 Chelsea Street New London, CT 06320 Maritime Cyber Security University

  1. Hydrogen for road transport: implementations and developments; L'hydrogene pour le transport sur route: realisations et developpements

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Junker, M.; Bocquet, L.; Bendif, M.; Karboviac, D. [Alphea, 57 - Forbach (France)

    2000-07-01

    The different technologies for the use of hydrogen in the road transport are overviewed: type of propulsion (fuel cell and electric motor or internal combustion motor), hydrogen production, on-board storage, infrastructure. The aspects of safety, standardization and regulation are approached too. At the present time, main of the hydrogen buses are equipped with polymer membrane cells (PEMFC), directly supplied in hydrogen and stored in tanks under pressure (300 bars). On the other hand, the automobile manufacturers are developing different types of prototypes: internal combustion engines with liquid hydrogen storage, PEM cell cars with hydrogen storage (liquid, gas or hydrides) or with methanol storage. The infrastructure type will depend on the primary fuel chosen by the automobile manufacturers and on the requirements of the petroleum firms. Several hydrogen service stations have been constructed. They deliver hydrogen, on a gaseous or liquid state; the hydrogen being produced by natural gas reforming or by electrolysis. The setting of a 'Hydrogen system' require indeed the development of specific means of production, transport, distribution and storage. The public acceptance will be won by safeguards of safety, reliability, performance and competitiveness. The research and development studies are nowadays particularly centred on: 1)the on-board hydrogen storage 2)the on-board systems of hydrogen production from methanol and gasoline 3)the standardization and regulation. (O.M.)

  2. Maritime Spatial Planning in Cyprus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hadjimitsis Diofantos

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Spatial Planning is a critical tool for land management and is extensively used in all developed nations. The Marine Spatial Planning (MSP, at the European Union (EU level, is based on Directive 2014/89/EU of the European Parliament and Council of 23rd July 2014 which establishes a common framework for MSP in the EU, which each Member State is called to apply in relation to the maritime space under its jurisdiction (marine waters. In this paper the overall results from the “Cross-Border Cooperation for the development of Marine Spatial Planning” project are presented for the area of Cyprus. A variety of activities fall within the MSP such as maritime transport routes and traffic flows, exploration, exploitation and extraction of energy resources, tourism, underwater cultural heritage etc. In addition, the legal framework, activities maps are also shown. The variety of conflicts maps for the area of Limassol are illustrated both in 2D and 3D. A hypothetical scenario of Limassol town in Cyprus as an energy center is presented based on the overall results. The paper ends with some conclusions regarding the framework of MSP in Cyprus.

  3. Maritime Spatial Planning in Cyprus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hadjimitsis, Diofantos; Agapiou, Athos; Themistocleous, Kyriakos; Mettas, Christodoulos; Evagorou, Evagoras; Soulis, Giorgos; Xagoraris, Zafeiris; Pilikou, Maria; Aliouris, Kyriakos; Ioannou, Nicolas

    2016-01-01

    Spatial Planning is a critical tool for land management and is extensively used in all developed nations. The Marine Spatial Planning (MSP), at the European Union (EU) level, is based on Directive 2014/89/EU of the European Parliament and Council of 23rd July 2014 which establishes a common framework for MSP in the EU, which each Member State is called to apply in relation to the maritime space under its jurisdiction (marine waters). In this paper the overall results from the "Cross-Border Cooperation for the development of Marine Spatial Planning" project are presented for the area of Cyprus. A variety of activities fall within the MSP such as maritime transport routes and traffic flows, exploration, exploitation and extraction of energy resources, tourism, underwater cultural heritage etc. In addition, the legal framework, activities maps are also shown. The variety of conflicts maps for the area of Limassol are illustrated both in 2D and 3D. A hypothetical scenario of Limassol town in Cyprus as an energy center is presented based on the overall results. The paper ends with some conclusions regarding the framework of MSP in Cyprus.

  4. Bruit des transports, influence de la structure temporelle sur la gêne, les performances cognitives et le sommeil (Projet RAPS - coopération Deufrako)

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    National audience; Ce projet a pour but d'améliorer l'état des connaissances concernant l'influence du bruit des transports sur le sommeil, afin de les appliquer au développement de mesures de réduction du bruit. Il se place dans le cadre d'une coopération DEUFRAKO (groupe Bruit) et est subventionné par l'ADEME pour la partie Française. Il réunit quelques spécialistes Français et Allemands majeurs du domaine. Jusqu'à présent, un certain nombre d'études ont déjà été menées concernant le bruit ...

  5. Human Factor Considered Safety Management of Maritime Transportation of Solid Bulk Concentrate%基于“人”的因素的海上运输易流态精选矿的安全管理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    缪克银

    2012-01-01

    从介绍易流态精选矿的特性出发,深层次分析运输精选矿的风险致因,指出“人”的因素是所有事故原因中的主因,并具体提出保障易流态精选矿运输安全的管理措施.%Starting with an introduction of the property of solid bulk concentrate, we analyzed in—depth the causes of risks in its maritime transportation, pointed out that "human was the main factor in almost all the accidents discussed and finally proposed its safety management measures.

  6. Maritim modernitet og litteratur

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frank, Søren

    2008-01-01

    1800-tallets maritime liv og litteratur er en metonymisk kondensation af de forvandlinger, som livsverdenen undergår i løbet af århundredet. Livet på skibet er både katalysator for og modkultur til moderniteten, idet skibet indfamnger den dobbelthed af fortryllelse og affortryllelse, af sejl og d...

  7. Digitization in Maritime Industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Constantiou, Ioanna; Shollo, Arisa; Kreiner, Kristian

    2017-01-01

    Digitization in the maritime industry is expected to transform businesses. The recently introduced mobile technologies in inter-organizational processes is an example of digitization in an industry which moves very slowly towards digital transformation. We focus on the influence of mobile...

  8. 浅析《鹿特丹规则》对海上运输关系的影响%Analysis on the Influence of "Rotterdam Rules" on Maritime Transport Relationship

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹红兵

    2011-01-01

    The United Nations passed Rotterdam Rules in December 2008, the main purpose of the rules is to replace the existing international conventions, to realize the goods transport rules of international unity. New rules balance the interests of the relevant shipping, on the basis of the existing international maritime transport of goods, expand maritime law of body , look for best interests of resistance of carrier and shipper, regulate the marine rights and obligations . The article will start from the legislative system of Rotterdam rules, discuss legal relation of the new rule and the influence on the relevant shipping interests of the rights and obligations.%2008年12月联合国通过了《鹿特丹规则》,该规则制定的主要目的是取代现有的国际海货物运输公约,以实现货物运输规则的国际统一.新规则是航运利益各相关方平衡器,在原有《国际海上货物运输法》的基础上,扩大了海商法调整的主体,寻求承运人与托运人最大利益平衡点,规范了海运利益各项相关方权利与义务.文中将从《鹿特丹规则》立法体系出发,讨论新规则所调整的各种法律关系以及对海运利益相关方权利义务的影响.

  9. To harness, transport and store the CO{sub 2}; Capter, transporter et stocker le CO{sub 2}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anon

    2009-03-15

    This article about the CO{sub 2} sequestration is divided in eight parts. The first part concerns the question of why it is important to harness the carbon dioxide. The second part reviews the different technologies to harness it. In part three, the conditioning and transport of CO{sub 2} are studied. Then, the question of geological storage is tackled. The economical aspect of the CO{sub 2} sequestration makes the following part. The acceptability of a underground storage is evoked because of the risk relative to the CO{sub 2} storage. Some examples and projects (Usa, Canada, France) are presented. The conclusion ends this article with the assurance that the CO{sub 2} sequestration is possible, but expansive on the energy level and financing (double investment cost and increasing at least 30% for the production costs for the energy coming from coal). It should be realized on a big scale only if significant tax are imposed to the atmospheric releases in CO{sub 2} as it is the case in the Norwegian example (Sleipner field). The storage potentials are important by calling for aquifer layers. The questions of law and acceptability by the public are uncertain but not insurmountable if we think to the aquifers under the seas. (N.C.)

  10. Technical progress and energy substitutions in transport sector; Progres techniques et substitutions energetiques dans le secteur des transports

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Florane, Philippe

    2002-11-15

    Alternative motorization technologies have been proposed in order to achieve energy diversification and a reduction in pollutant emissions. Fuel cell vehicles are, among others, at the centre of research carried out by car manufacturers and oil companies. The use of fuel cell vehicles could contribute, first, to a less stringent long-term energy dependence of oil importing countries and, second, to pollutant reduction in the transport sector. First of all, we propose the definition of 'innovation' and its treatment in the frame of mainstream economic theories. Then we proceed to a retrospective analysis of diesel motorization of the car market. In the second part of our work, we conduct a survey among French households aiming to obtain up-to-date information about their degree of acceptance of fuel cell technology. We are concerned about highlighting the determining factors of fuel cell vehicle adoption by consumers. For this, we set up a discrete choice model linking the individual decision to the whole group of technical or socio-economical factors and characteristics. Finally, we develop patterns of fuel cell equipment of passenger cars which differ according to type of vehicle and possible purchase assistance. These patterns lead us to the analysis of long-term fuel cell vehicle development on the French car market. (author)

  11. Technical advances and energy substitutions in the transportation sector; Progres techniques et substitutions energetiques dans le secteur des transports

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tromenschlager-Philippe, F.

    2002-11-01

    Alternative motorization technologies have been proposed in order to achieve energy diversification and a reduction in pollutant emissions. Fuel cell vehicles are, among others, at the centre of research carried out by car manufacturers and oil companies. The use of fuel cell vehicles could contribute, first to a less stringent long-term energy dependence of oil importing countries and, second, to pollutant reduction in the transport sector. First of all, we propose the definition of 'innovation' and its treatment in the frame of mainstream economic theories. Then we proceed to a retrospective analysis of diesel motorization of the car market. In the second part of our work, we conduct a survey among French households aiming to obtain up-to-date information about their degree of acceptance of fuel cell technology. We are concerned about highlighting the determining factors of fuel cell vehicle adoption by consumers. For this, we set up a discrete choice model linking the individual decision to the whole group of technical or socio-economical factors and characteristics. Finally, we develop patterns of fuel cell equipment of passenger cars which differ according to type of vehicle and possible purchase assistance. These patterns lead us to the analysis of long-term fuel cell vehicle development on the French car market. (authors)

  12. Maritime English for Communication and Cooperation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thiel, Teresa A.

    Because most maritime accidents are caused by human error, notably breakdowns in communication or cooperation, and because English is the international maritime language, instruction in maritime English for communication and cooperation is an important element in maritime education. The International Maritime Organization, a specialized agency of…

  13. Green Maritime Logistics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Psaraftis, Harilaos N.

    2014-01-01

    chain management. The traditional analysis of these problems has been in terms of cost- benefit and other optimization criteria from the point of view of the logistics provider, carrier, shipper, or other end-user. Such traditional analysis by and large either ignores environmental issues, or considers......Typical problems in maritime logistics include, among others, optimal ship speed, ship routing and scheduling, fleet deployment, fleet size and mix, weather routing, intermodal network design, modal split, transshipment, queuing at ports, terminal management, berth allocation, and total supply...... them of secondary importance. Green maritime logistics tries to bring the environmental dimension into the problem, and specifically the dimension of emissions reduction, by analyzing various trade-offs and exploring ‘win-win’ solutions. This talk takes a look at the trade-offs that are at stake...

  14. Modèle d'aide à la gestion des eaux souterraines (MAGES). 2. Validation numérique du modèle de transport

    Science.gov (United States)

    Porel, Gilles; Delay, Frédérick; Banton, Olivier

    1998-11-01

    MAGES is a software developed at INRS-Eau (Canada) for forecasting pollution hazards in groundwater. The transport model uses stationary truncated temporal moment equations instead of the classical time dependent advection-dispersion equation. The aim of this work is to propose a numerical validation of the method by comparison with both analytical solutions in homogeneous medium and a sophisticated lagrangian model of transport in heterogeneous medium. It is shown that the temporal moment equations perform well, while saving on computation. This gives MAGES some abilities in water management problems which compensate for the poor knowledge of the transport parameters through numerous stochastic simulations.

  15. 10 October 2013 - D. Braun First Deputy Minister for Regional Development, Czech Republic, P. Styczeń Deputy Minister of Transport, Construction and Maritime Economy, Republic of Poland and F. Palko State Secretary, Ministry of Transport, Construction and Regional Development, Slovak Republic visiting the LHC tunnel at Point 1 with Technology Department, Vacuum, Surfaces and Coatings Group Leader J. M. Jimenez and signing the Guest book with CERN Director-General R. Heuer

    CERN Multimedia

    Anna Pantelia

    2013-01-01

    10 October 2013 - D. Braun First Deputy Minister for Regional Development, Czech Republic, P. Styczeń Deputy Minister of Transport, Construction and Maritime Economy, Republic of Poland and F. Palko State Secretary, Ministry of Transport, Construction and Regional Development, Slovak Republic visiting the LHC tunnel at Point 1 with Technology Department, Vacuum, Surfaces and Coatings Group Leader J. M. Jimenez and signing the Guest book with CERN Director-General R. Heuer

  16. Biogeochemical factors affecting the distribution, speciation, and transport of Hg species in the Deûle and Lys Rivers (Northern France).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daye, Mirna; Kadlecova, Milada; Ouddane, Baghdad

    2015-02-01

    The Deûle River is a highly polluted River by heavy metals caused by the historical discharges of ore minerals from the former ore smelter "Metaleurop." The potential mercury (Hg) pollution in the Deûle River implicates the importance of Hg distribution study in the river. As well as to configure the different biogeochemical factors that control the distribution and the potential transport of Hg to distant places. Four different sites were studied as follows: D-A (Deûle River, a site located upstream the river), D-B (Deûle River, a site located near a Zn, Pb, Cu, and Ni smelter that closed in 2003), L-C (Lys River, a site located upstream the confluence of the Deûle River with Lys River), and L-D (downstream the rivers confluence). Different Hg analyses were performed including total mercury in sediment (HgTS), methylmercury (MeHg) in sediment, total mercury in pore water (HgTPW), total mercury in surface water (HgTD), and total suspended particulate Hg in water (HgTP). HgTS decreases downstream from the Deûle River sites with a mean value of 11 ± 0.34 mg/kg to Lys River site (L-D) with a mean value of 0.53 ± 0.02 mg/kg at the confluence. The unaffected side of the Lys River, localized before the confluence (L-C), is characterized by low HgTS of an average value of 0.042 ± 0.003 mg/kg and high % MeHg reaching 4.2 %. Whereas, the highly contaminated Deûle sites are designated by low % MeHg with an average value of 0.053 %. Low pristine environments like that found in L-C site with more favorable biogeochemical conditions of lower concentrations of HgTS, sulfides, and Corg host more active biotic methylation than that of the highly polluted Deûle sites with high concentrations of HgTS and sulfides concentrations. Methylation in D-B (the closet site to Metaleurop smelter) is an old and recent methylation activity that has contributed to MeHg accumulation in the sediments as opposed to the exclusive recent events of methylation in Lys sites. Me

  17. Long-term transport network 2008-2017 investment forecast plan; Plan previsionnel d'investissements a long terme 2008-2017 sur le reseau de transport

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2008-07-01

    Total Infrastructure Gaz France (TIGF) provides and develops natural gas transport and storage services on a European scale to meet its customers' needs. It achieves a turnover of almost 300 million Euros and employs some 370 people. Backed by 50 years of expertise, TIGF is a major player in the natural gas market in 15 departements in South-West France. TIGF has drawn up an indicative development plan for the network for 2008-2017. This document gives an overview of proposed investments and of the development of transport services provided by TIGF, responding to changes in the gas market, the shippers' growing need for transport capacity and the forecast growth in gas consumption in the TIGF area (proposed CCGT gas fired power stations). Investment in gas infrastructure is a major step forward towards assuring the development of a competitive market that is fair, transparent and non-discriminatory for the years to come. That is why TIGF is focussing its development in the coming years on increasing the fluidity of transits entering/leaving its area. As the gas market is currently in a state of continuous change, and major uncertainties hang over the needs of the various players particularly over exchanges with the area to the north of TIGF, with Spain and the installation of a methane terminal at Verdon. In this uncertain climate, TIGF will focus on developing the WEST corridor for the next 5 years (2008- 2013), to provide reversibility of flows between France and Spain. This will cover the following works: the LACAL pipeline (Lacq-Calahorra), the Bearn Pipeline Artery (Lussagnet - Lacq), increased capacity on the Guyenne Pipeline Artery and on the EUSKADOUR pipeline (Coudure - Arcangues). This pipeline corridor, on which TIGF's development work started in 2007, is currently the one at the most advanced stage. For the next few years it will become the sole exchange hub between northern Spain and southern France. Beyond 2013, depending on market

  18. Occupational asthma in maritime environments

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lucas, David; Loddé, Brice; Jepsen, Jørgen Riis

    2016-01-01

    In 2006 we published our first review based on the available literature on occupational asthma in maritime environments in the “International Maritime Health” journal. Since then, we have obtained a great deal of new knowledge on asthma in seafood workers and fishermen and on the impact...... of exposures from sulphites preservatives, container fumigants etc. in maritime workers. This review aims to provide an update of the current knowledge base about occupational asthma in a maritime context and to provide recommendations regarding medical surveillance of workers at risk....

  19. CORE COMPETENCES OF PIRACY AND MARITIME TERRORISM

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Piotr Gawliczek; Aneta Nowakowska-Krystman

    2016-01-01

    .... Recognizing the enemy - piracy and maritime terrorism - by identifying their resources, skills and competences is necessary action in building the safety of vessels and maritime infrastructure...

  20. Pharmacological study of radioactive-gold colloid transport by blood and by serous exudate; Contribution a l'etude pharmacologique du transport des colloides d'or radioactif par le sang et les exsudats sereux

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rousselet, J. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1966-06-01

    After giving the essential physico-chemical properties of the colloids, the author considers the biological role of these substances and, in connection with their transport by the blood, their capture by elements of the reticula-endothelial system. A summary is given of present knowledge concerning the role of serous proteins in the transport of substances, particularly that of radio-active colloidal gold. The blood fractions which can take part in colloidal gold transport are the red blood corpuscles, the leukocytes and histiocytic elements as well as the plasma. The radioactive distribution in these various fractions is obtained by autoradiography of blood sediments. After showing the importance of the role of the plasma in radioactive particle transport, the author, describes the attempts made to detect a possible of colloidal gold 198 on the various serous proteins using various methods of separation. The ''in vitro'' and ''in vivo'' bonds between colloidal gold-198 particles and either the serous proteins or healthy specimens or the effusion liquids of pathological origin in man, or due to an experimental inflammation with carregenin in the rat, have been studied. The bonding appears to be effective because of the protective macromolecular layer formed by the gelatine. The different positions of the colloidal grains on the electrophoregram can only be explained by their different physico-chemical characteristics. Gold in the ionic form, on the other hand, is combined only with the albumen is the amount metal present does not exceed a certain value. (author) [French] Apres avoir enonce les proprietes physicochimiques essentielles des colloides nous etudions le devenir biologique de ces substances et, en relation avec leur transport par le sang, leur captation par les elements du Systeme Reticulo-Endothelial. Nous resumons les connaissances acquises jusqu'alors sur le role des proteines seriques dans le transport des

  1. Maritime Fuel Cell Generator Project.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pratt, Joseph William [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-CA), Livermore, CA (United States)

    2017-07-01

    Fuel costs and emissions in maritime ports are an opportunity for transportation energy efficiency improvement and emissions reduction efforts. Ocean-going vessels, harbor craft, and cargo handling equipment are still major contributors to air pollution in and around ports. Diesel engine costs continually increase as tighter criteria pollutant regulations come into effect and will continue to do so with expected introduction of carbon emission regulations. Diesel fuel costs will also continue to rise as requirements for cleaner fuels are imposed. Both aspects will increase the cost of diesel-based power generation on the vessel and on shore. Although fuel cells have been used in many successful applications, they have not been technically or commercially validated in the port environment. One opportunity to do so was identified in Honolulu Harbor at the Young Brothers Ltd. wharf. At this facility, barges sail regularly to and from neighbor islands and containerized diesel generators provide power for the reefers while on the dock and on the barge during transport, nearly always at part load. Due to inherent efficiency characteristics of fuel cells and diesel generators, switching to a hydrogen fuel cell power generator was found to have potential emissions and cost savings.

  2. A Novel Navigation Information Management System for Food Maritime Logistics Based on Internet of Things

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wei He

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available This study focuses on the construction of a new navigation information management system for food maritime logistics. With the vigorous development of Internet technology, the Internet of things technology has been introduced into the food maritime logistics to enhance the efficiency of food production transportation. However, the navigation information management system for food maritime logistics is still a big challenge and very limited work has been done to address safe and effective navigation information management for food maritime logistics. For this reason, a novel navigation information management system based on Internet of things for food maritime logistics is presented in this study to achieve a variety of network data exchange and integration and build a set of information collection and transmission modules to process and share the information involved with the beacons, hydrology and environment. The navigation information management system could provide important information and decision for food maritime logistics to ensure their safety.

  3. The EU Maritime Security Strategy : Promoting or Absorbing European Defence Cooperation?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Landman, Lennart

    2015-01-01

    For centuries, the maritime domain has been a pillar of European livelihoods and prosperity through fishing and global trade. In modern times, we have come to depend on maritime transport to keep our economy going. Recently, however, old and new threats have challenged the security of the European

  4. The EU Maritime Security Strategy : Promoting or Absorbing European Defence Cooperation?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Landman, Lennart

    2015-01-01

    For centuries, the maritime domain has been a pillar of European livelihoods and prosperity through fishing and global trade. In modern times, we have come to depend on maritime transport to keep our economy going. Recently, however, old and new threats have challenged the security of the European U

  5. UK maritime developments

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cappuccaio, M.

    2005-05-01

    Global maritime trade continues to expand in 2003. UNCTAD estimated over 6 Bn/t (billion tonnes) of dry bulk raw materials, oil, oil products and manufactured good were shipped by sea in 2003, recording a 3.7% annual growth rate with similarly healthy growth projected for 2004 and 2005. The expansion is mainly attributable to the economic performance of the US, Japan and China and, to a lesser extent, Europe. The article gives the latest news on developments at UK ports and contains statistics on port traffic and cargo. A table gives figures for coal handled by major ports from 2001 to 2003. 7 tabs., 2 photos.

  6. Current Issues in Maritime Health

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wagtmann, Maria Anne

    2008-01-01

     In the early part of 2008, Maria Anne Wagtmann had the opportunity to interview the former president of the International Maritime Health Association, Dr. Tim Carter, in London about a number of current maritime health issues. In this interview, Dr. Tim Carter, who is cur­rently employed...

  7. INTERNET COMMERCE IN MARITIME INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monika Szyda

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Internet commerce in Poland is growing rapidly, entering into new industries and of-fering a wider and wider range of goods and services. For electronic commerce is open maritime industry, as evidenced by the maritime e-commerce. This aspect of e-commerce is not a popular topic of publications and research. In this article the author presents the genesis of electronic commerce in the maritime industry taking into account the particular business relationship business-to-business (B2B. Then attempt to characterize maritime e-commerce in business-to-customer (B2C relationship. The purpose of this article is to identify the attributes of internet commerce in the maritime industry, having particular re-gard to Polish online market, especially retail.

  8. Act No. 88-1091 modifying Act No. 66-420 of 18 June 1966 on chartering and maritime transport contracts, 1 December 1988.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-01-01

    This Law provides that international transportation carriers may refuse the boarding or landing of a passenger who does not present a document authorizing landing at the point of arrival and at anticipated ports in France. full text

  9. ISTORICUL ASIGURARILOR MARITIME

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alina Raileanu

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available Aparitia asigurărilor maritime ca prima formă de asigurare este explicată prin legătura strânsă întrecomerţ şi navigaţia maritimă, descoperindu-se că navele, mărfurile, navlul şi vieţile omeneşti erau expuse,riscurilor mării. De-a lungul unei perioade îndelungate de timp, proprietarii navelor au fost aceiaşi cuproprietarii mărfurilor şi, ca urmare, o singură poliţă de asigurare acoperea atât marfa, cât şi nava; acest lucruera posibil pentru că interesul aparţinea aceleiaşi persoane (proprietarul mărfii era acelaşi cu propeietarulnavei. Ulterior s-a trecut la o specializare determinată preponderent de evoluţia comerţului, apărând odiferenţiere a persoanelor interesate în proprietatea asupra mărfurilor şi navelor şi, deci, două forme deasigurare – două tipuri de contracte de asigurare, în fucţie de acest interes: asigurarea navelor (casco şiasigurarea mărfurilor (cargo.

  10. Maritime supply chain security: Navigating through a sea of compliance requirements

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emma Maspero

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available As a direct result of the 9-11 New York attack all modes of freight and passengertransportation were scrutinised for vulnerabilities. Over 90% of international trade takes place via sea transport for at least some part of the supply chain and as a result there has been a drive to better secure maritime transportation. This paper outlines the background to and the rationale behind the most important of the new security measures for maritime transportation and provides an overview of the likely implications for supply chain role-players. In addition the paper endeavours to create awareness of the importance of maritime supply chain security.

  11. Maritime Education and Research to Face the XXI-st Century Challenges in Gdynia Maritime University’s Experience Part II – Gdynia Maritime University of Experience the 21st Century Challenges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janusz Mindykowski

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available In the paper, divided into two parts, a problem of advancements in maritime education and research facing the 21st century challenges, based on the case study of the Gdynia Maritime University (GMU experience is discussed. Part I is devoted to the advances in the maritime education and research towards the challenges in a global meaning. The maritime education challenges are focused on contribution of the University’s representatives in full implementation of the STCW 1978 as amended in 2010 convention, and on the flexible adoption of the academic specializations and programmes to the European and National Qualifications Frameworks, as well as to the needs of a global and local labour market. The research advancements in the maritime universities are basically oriented to marine transport problems, and their main focus is concentrated on the implementation of new technologies, effective and reliable technical and organizational solutions, friendly for users and environment. Part II is dedicated to the Gdynia Maritime University experiencing the 21st century challenges. In this part, firstly the education and research potential of the Gdynia Maritime University, as the one of the world-leading maritime universities, is shortly presented. And next, the GMU’s contribution and good practices concerning the participation in modification of the processes of the IMO STCW 78/2010 convention, adoption of programmes into the international and national qualification frameworks’ standards and procedures, as well as the development of research addressed to a new technological and organizational solution are described and analyzed.

  12. Maritime Cyber Security University Research: Phase 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-05-01

    the global economy . The vulnerabilities associated with reliance on digital systems in the maritime environment must be continuously examined. System...2016 TABLE OF CONTENTS   APPENDIX A.  INFORMATION SHARING FOR MARITIME CYBER RISK MANAGEMENT...al. Public | May 2016 APPENDIX A. INFORMATION SHARING FOR MARITIME CYBER RISK MANAGEMENT Maritime Cyber Security University Research

  13. 77 FR 24713 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-25

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant to section...

  14. 77 FR 12584 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-01

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary license has been revoked pursuant to...

  15. 76 FR 22106 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-20

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant to section...

  16. 77 FR 9657 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-17

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary license has been revoked pursuant to section 19...

  17. 77 FR 28880 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-16

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary license has been revoked pursuant to...

  18. 76 FR 41259 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-13

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary license has been revoked pursuant to...

  19. 77 FR 30532 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-23

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant...

  20. 75 FR 20998 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-22

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant to section...

  1. 76 FR 59128 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-23

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant...

  2. 77 FR 23720 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-20

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant...

  3. 75 FR 31440 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-03

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant to section...

  4. 76 FR 79682 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-22

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant...

  5. 75 FR 9603 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-03

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary license has been revoked pursuant to section 19...

  6. 76 FR 50216 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-12

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant...

  7. 76 FR 25692 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-05

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant...

  8. 76 FR 60837 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-30

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant to section...

  9. 76 FR 62408 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-07

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant...

  10. 75 FR 76466 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-08

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant to section...

  11. 75 FR 25257 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-07

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant to section...

  12. 77 FR 5014 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-01

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary license has been revoked pursuant to...

  13. 76 FR 34993 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-15

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant...

  14. 75 FR 70674 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-18

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant...

  15. 77 FR 32116 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-31

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant to section...

  16. 76 FR 67189 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-31

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant...

  17. 76 FR 31963 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-02

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant...

  18. 76 FR 555 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-05

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant to section...

  19. 76 FR 70145 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-10

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant...

  20. 76 FR 44331 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-25

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant...

  1. 76 FR 67731 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-02

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary license has been revoked pursuant to...

  2. 77 FR 13606 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-07

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary license has been revoked pursuant to section 19...

  3. 75 FR 29547 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-26

    ... [Federal Register Volume 75, Number 101 (Wednesday, May 26, 2010)] [Notices] [Page 29547] [FR Doc No: 2010-12675] FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation...

  4. 77 FR 18817 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-28

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant...

  5. 77 FR 1937 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-12

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant...

  6. 75 FR 17744 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-07

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant to section...

  7. 76 FR 7210 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-09

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant...

  8. 76 FR 78007 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-15

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary license has been revoked pursuant to...

  9. 77 FR 35386 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-13

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant...

  10. 76 FR 28780 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-18

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant...

  11. 76 FR 16421 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-23

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant...

  12. 75 FR 72825 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-26

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant...

  13. 77 FR 27457 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-10

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant to section...

  14. 76 FR 65194 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-20

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant...

  15. INTERMODAL TAŞIMACILIĞIN MALİYET AVANTAJLARI: KARAYOLU-DENİZYOLU ENTEGRASYONU ÜZERİNE BİR ARAŞTIRMA - COST BENEFITS OF INTERMODAL TRANSPORTATION: A RESEARCH ON ROAD AND MARITIME INTEGRATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet Sıtkı SAYGILI

    2014-01-01

    conditions and keep their costs under control for offering a transportation price that creates a competitive advantage to their customers. In order to decrease transportations costs and to minimize environmental damage, intermodal transportation that utilizes superior aspects of each transportation modality gains importance.In the present study, firstly basic points of intermodal transportation are explained and factors that affect integration of transportation modalities are identified. Also, information is given on cost management of logistics companies. Moreover, in terms of analyzing transportation costs in intermodal transportation, a sample application is conducted for comparing route costs in road transportation and integration of road and maritime transportation.

  16. Maritime Trade Warfare in the 21st Century

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-04

    2009, UNCTAD/ RMT /2009, Geneva: United Nations Conference on Trade and Development Secretariat, 2009, 53. 24 Michael C. Grubb, "Merchant Shipping...Maritime Transport 2009. UNCTAD/ RMT /2009, Geneva, Switzerland: United Nations Conference on Trade and Development Secretariat, 2009. U. S

  17. MARITIME VIOLENCE : IMPLICATIONS TO MALAYSIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurulizwan Ahmad Zubir

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Maritime Piracy has been a serious threat to the international community especially in the SoutheastAsia region. This threat has caused tremendous implications towards the world economy, environment,political stability of the nations involved because 45% of the shipping company passes through theSoutheast Asia. The worrying fact is that these attacks were committed by terrorists as well as traditionalmaritime pirates. This paper examines on the implications of maritime crime in Malaysia and discusseswhether the definition of piracy under the International Law could be applied to these attacks. Thispaper concludes that cooperation between the region’s states and the enhancement of a good securitysystem of one state are needed to combat maritime violence. Thus it is imperative that the internationallaw need to be changed in order to enhance the meaning of piracy and also to include sea terrorism. Key words: piracy, maritime, terrorist

  18. 75 FR 22151 - National Maritime Security Advisory Committee; Vacancies

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-27

    .... Maritime Labor. International and Inter-modal Supply Chain. Maritime Hazardous Materials Handling/Shipping... infrastructure; Promoting international cooperation and multilateral solutions to maritime security...

  19. MARITIME VIOLENCE : IMPLICATIONS TO MALAYSIA

    OpenAIRE

    Nurulizwan Ahmad Zubir

    2014-01-01

    Abstract Maritime Piracy has been a serious threat to the international community especially in the SoutheastAsia region. This threat has caused tremendous implications towards the world economy, environment,political stability of the nations involved because 45% of the shipping company passes through theSoutheast Asia. The worrying fact is that these attacks were committed by terrorists as well as traditionalmaritime pirates. This paper examines on the implications of maritime crime in M...

  20. Maritime Safety – Stakeholders in Information Exchange Process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Piotr Wolejsza

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the methodology and research results on identification of potential users of the ESABALT system, which is targeted towards improving the situational awareness in the Baltic Sea region. We describe the technique of analysing the stakeholders involved in maritime sector processes, especially in maritime transport processes, while also taking into account their different classification criteria. The resulting list of stakeholders is used to identify system users and their classification into user profiles groups. This study will form the basis for the identification of user requirements of the ESABALT system.

  1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF POLISH AND CROATIAN MARITIME POLICY IN THE CONTEXT OF THE INTEGRATED MARITIME POLICY OF THE EUROPEAN UNION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katarzyna Skrzeszewska

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Traditional activities based on sea resources (maritime transport, shipyards, fishery always played the key role in increasing production possibilities of the economies with the access to the sea. The development of technique and technology distinctly contributed to broadening the horizons and diversification of activities based on exploitation of maritime basins. Despite the positive results connected with greater and more intense exploration of seas resources, there also appeared the negative effects. First and foremost, they are connected with degradation of the natural environment and growing conflicts of interests of different groups of the basins users. The issue of split entitlement to use seas resources was brought to the world forum in 1982 by enacting the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS. The European Commission, having contucted consultations on a large scale, accepted the Integrated Maritime Policy of the European Union (IMP EU. It was based on the assumption, that all maritime activities are interconnected and that is why they should be performed in a coordinated manner to achive the established goals. The Integrated Maritime Policy created the framework, in which the member states were to find appropiate solutions to their economy specificity, inter alia – the maritime economy. In the paper, the results of the research of maritime policies of two countries - Poland and Croatia are presented. The goal of the research is to check how far the policies of these two countries are coherent with each other and with the assumptions of the IMP. In the research the deductive method was used - it was based at conclusions from the comparative analysis. The surveys were conducted on the basis of the EU, Polish and Croatian strategic documents.

  2. Maritime Work and Communication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Andersen

    2001-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents findings from the project "Elastic Systems" under the Danish Center for Human Machine Interaction. The project aims at developing methods for analyzing dynamic maritime work processes and for designing flexible instrument interfaces that will support changing work environments. Here I only address the former issue, the design issues being published elsewhere, e.g. in Andersen(1999 and Andersen & May (2001. More data can be found in Andersen(2000. The purpose of the present paper is twofold: (1 to present characteristics of maritime work and communication, and (2 to suggest a conceptual framework that covers communicative as well as non-communicative acts. The latter purpose is motivated in two ways. Theoretical motivation: we know that language is self-referential, so that it can speak of non-linguistic entities like ships and waves as well as its own properties, such as the correct wording or style. The easiest way to accomplish this is for language to treat both domains in a similar way. The other motivation is more practical: it is a fact that communication and physical actions are interwoven in maritime work, and a theory that builds on a sharp distinction between these two kinds of behaviors will miss this basic characteristic. The data is from a voyage aboard Sally Maersk from Algeciras to Goteborg and back to Rotterdam. We recorded 60 hours of high quality video, and the paper builds upon a 16 hours trip from Felixstowe to Rotterdam, supplemented by data from simulated voyages in the simulator at the Danish Maritime Institute. The conceptual framework is based on Lind 1994 and Lind 2000 and distinguishes between the following types of action types: (1 Prevent(suppress, avoid: if I hadn't done it, then an undesirable state would have developed. Prevent drifting by using auxiliary rudder. (2 Maintain: if I hadn't done it, then a desirable state would have disappeared. Maintain course. (3 Help: a positive state would have

  3. Test particle transport in the electric potential generated by edge turbulence; Transport des particules-test dans le potentiel electrique genere par un modele de turbulence de bord. Cas d'un forcage par le flux

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garbet, X.; Ghendrih, Ph.; Sarazin, Y. [Association Euratom-CEA, CEA/Cadarache, Dept. de Recherches sur la Fusion Controlee, DRFC, 13 - Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (France); Grandgirard, V.; Agullo, O.; Benkadda, S. [CNRS-Universite de Provence, Equipe de Dynamique des Systemes Complexes, Aix-Marseille 1, 13 (France)

    2000-09-01

    Numerous experimental data show the existence of non-diffusive transport in tokamak plasmas. This article deals with the trajectories of test particles going through edge turbulence in scrape off layer (that is in the region where magnetic field lines are open). The interchange mechanism of the turbulence tends to generate convective cells by electrical shift, the radial extension is comparable to the size of the system. The resulting transport is mainly a ballistic-type transport whose time features are very short. Whenever the transport is directed towards outside, it appears profitable because it produces a broadening of the scrape off layer. On the contrary, the existence of ballistic trajectories directed towards the inside of the discharge implies an important contamination of the plasma by impurities coming from the wall. (A.C.)

  4. e-MARITIME SERVICES FOR COMMUNICATION WITH CLASS AND FOR ENHANCED SAFETY, SECURITY AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION IN SHIPPING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erik Vanem

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available e-Maritime can be considered as an extension of the e-Navigation concept currently being discussed at the International Maritime Organization (IMO. It can be construed to include e-Navigation and promotes the use of all maritime data and information, distributed by way of information and communication technologies, to facilitate maritime transportation and provide value added services. This paper investigates possible e-Maritime services related to safety, security and environmental protection of shipping and for interaction with class. The paper reviews a number of existing services and current initiatives and relevant research projects and discusses if and how the value of such services could be increased if they could be offered as e-Maritime services to the industry. Furthermore, two services have been selected and successfully implemented as pilot e-Maritime services. Based on this survey and the pilot implementations, it can be suggested that there are great potential for offering a number of existing and future services related to safety, security and environmental protection as e-Maritime services. However, standardisation of the framework and of specific maritime data types, messages and codes might be necessary to facilitate a development towards widespread adaptation of e-Maritime solutions.

  5. Mesoscale modeling of smoke transport over the Southeast Asian Maritime Continent: Coupling of smoke direct radiative feedbacks below and above the low-level clouds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ge, C.; Wang, J.; Reid, J. S.

    2013-12-01

    The online-coupled Weather Research and Forecasting model with Chemistry (WRF-Chem) is used to simulate the direct and semi-direct radiative impacts of smoke particles over the southeast Asian Marine Continents (MC, 10°S - 10°N, 90°E-150°E) during October 2006 when a significant El Nino event caused the highest biomass burning activity since 1997. With the use of OC (Organic Carbon) /BC (Black Carbon) ratio of 10 in the smoke emission inventory, the baseline simulation shows that the low-level clouds amplifying effect on smoke absorption led to a warming effect at the top-of-atmosphere (TOA) with a domain/monthly average forcing value of ~20 Wm-2 over the islands of Borneo and Sumatra. The smoke-induced monthly average daytime heating (0.3K) that is largely confined above the low-level clouds results in the local convergence over the smoke source region. This heating-induced convergence coupled with daytime planetary boundary layer turbulent mixing, transports more smoke particles above the planetary boundary layer height (PBLH), hence rendering a positive feedback. This positive feedback contrasts with the decrease of cloud fraction resulted from the combined effects of smoke heating within the cloud layer and the more stability in the boundary layer; the latter can be considered as a negative feedback in which decrease of cloud fraction weakens the heating by smoke particles above the clouds. During nighttime, the elevated smoke layer (above clouds in daytime) is decoupled from boundary layer, and the reduction of PBLH due to the residual surface cooling from the daytime lead to the accumulation of smoke particles near the surface. Because of smoke radiative extinction, on monthly basis, the amount of the solar input at the surface is reduced as large as 60 Wm-2, which lead to the decrease of sensible heat, latent heat, 2-m air temperature, and PBLH by a maximum of 20 Wm-2, 20 Wm-2, 1K, 120 m, respectively. The cloud changes over continents are mostly

  6. 33 CFR 103.300 - Area Maritime Security (AMS) Committee.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Area Maritime Security (AMS... SECURITY MARITIME SECURITY MARITIME SECURITY: AREA MARITIME SECURITY Area Maritime Security (AMS) Committee § 103.300 Area Maritime Security (AMS) Committee. (a) The AMS Committee is established under...

  7. Maritime archaeology and shipwrecks off Goa

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Tripati, S.; Gaur, A.S.; Sundaresh

    In recent years, maritime archaeological studies have unearthed several of our lost cultural heritages. Many believe that maritime archaeology is a complex and specialized field. Author has penned down his personal experiences in the form...

  8. Maritime wideband communication networks video transmission scheduling

    CERN Document Server

    Yang, Tingting

    2014-01-01

    This Springer Brief covers emerging maritime wideband communication networks and how they facilitate applications such as maritime distress, urgency, safety and general communications. It provides valuable insight on the data transmission scheduling and protocol design for the maritime wideband network. This brief begins with an introduction to maritime wideband communication networks including the architecture, framework, operations and a comprehensive survey on current developments. The second part of the brief presents the resource allocation and scheduling for video packet transmission wit

  9. Documenting Maritime Folklife: An Introductory Guide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, David A.

    This booklet has two main purposes: (1) to promote understanding of maritime cultural heritage; and (2) to provide an introduction to the methods for identifying and documenting common maritime traditions. The guide is intended for non-professional researchers and community groups who wish to explore their own maritime cultural heritage. It also…

  10. Unmanned Maritime Systems Incremental Acquisition Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-12-01

    NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY, CALIFORNIA MBA PROFESSIONAL REPORT UNMANNED MARITIME SYSTEMS INCREMENTAL ACQUISITION...REPORT TYPE AND DATES COVERED MBA professional report 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE UNMANNED MARITIME SYSTEMS INCREMENTAL ACQUISITION APPROACH 5. FUNDING...explore and understand the issues involved in the DOD’s acquisition process for Unmanned Maritime Systems (UMS) in order to recommend a new acquisition

  11. Le funambule et le parergon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xavier Jeudon

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Loin de la fascination qu’exerce la chute, promesse de renouveau pour Baudelaire et de plaisir pour Adorno, le funambule fait quotidiennement l’expérience d’une prise et d’une maîtrise du risque. Faisant du risque un spectacle, le funambule évolue sur un fil, nous renvoyant aux premières sensations de la marche, mal assurée, hésitante et tellement audacieuse. Le funambule travaillant au quotidien son équilibre se doit donc de prendre des risques, mais aussi de donner l’illusion d’une première fois : simuler le danger là où il est pourtant. C’est en jouant sur le moment de la rupture, de la chute que le funambule capte l’attention. Il donne un corps à cette question de la limite et semble nous proposer une adaptation douce au risque, là où le dompteur parait s’y opposer plus frontalement.

  12. 75 FR 5241 - Maritime Communications

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-02

    ... proceeding, published at 72 FR 31192, June 6, 2007. In the MO&O in WT Docket No. 04-257, the Commission... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION 47 CFR Parts 80 Maritime Communications AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION:...

  13. 75 FR 10692 - Maritime Communications

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-09

    ... Communications Commission published in the Federal Register of February 2, 2010 (75 FR 5241), a document in the..., 2010 (75 FR 5241) to ensure that its rules governing the Maritime Radio Services continue to promote... (75 FR 5241). In rule FR Doc. 2010-2095 published on February 2, 2010 (75 FR 5241), make the...

  14. Q Fever Update, Maritime Canada

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marrie, Thomas J.; Campbell, Nancy; McNeil, Shelly A.; Webster, Duncan

    2008-01-01

    Since the 1990s, reports of Q fever in Nova Scotia, Canada, have declined. Passive surveillance for Q fever in Nova Scotia and its neighboring provinces in eastern Canada indicates that the clinical manifestation of Q fever in the Maritime provinces is pneumonia and that incidence of the disease may fluctuate. PMID:18258080

  15. Maritime Security in West Africa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jacobsen, Katja; Nordby, Johannes Riber

    The problem of maritime insecurity in the Gulf of Guinea is not a new phenomenon, but a contemporary form of piracy in the Gulf of Guinea has arguably developed over the past 25 years to be more organized and violent. Besides the issue of how the phenomenon of piracy in the Gulf of Guinea has dev...

  16. Maritime archaeological studies in India

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Gaur, A.S.; Vora, K.H.

    India with more than 7000 km long coastline and about 5000 years old maritime history is dotted with several ancient ports. Marine archaeological research during last two and half decades has revealed a number of sites along the Indian coast, which...

  17. The internet of things in transport management in South Africa

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Dlodlo, N

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available safety management, aviation management, road traffic management, maritime services management, cargo transport management, cross-border transport management and passenger rail management....

  18. 76 FR 72409 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-23

    ... [Federal Register Volume 76, Number 226 (Wednesday, November 23, 2011)] [Notices] [Page 72409] [FR Doc No: 2011-30244] FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean...

  19. THE ANALYSIS OF HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT (HRM IN MARITIME AFFAIRS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Goran Vučur

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Specifics of human resources management in maritime affairs is reflected in the fact that part of the staff of enterprises is displaced on ships which represent a specific and isolated environment. Specifics of human resources management on ships are focused to decision-making in crisis situations, the deployment of personnel and work load, and giving orders to perform certain tasks. In this context it is necessary to examine the management of human resources which should include managing, motivation, rewarding, communication, education, advancement, decision-making and employee satisfaction in the specific environment. The aim of the research is to analyze the above stated parameters and connect them with the characteristics of companies in the sector of maritime logistics. The purpose of this paper is to provide an insight into the human resources management in companies involved in logistics in maritime transport i.e. delivery and transport of goods. Taking into account their differences, it can be concluded that companies in the maritime industry have different human resource management systems, which affects the company's business. The research methodology is based on the collection of data through questionnaires and databases created from them. The study included a total of 31 companies. According to the collected data, statistical analysis will be conducted which will be based on correlation and descriptive statistics. The analysis of the theoretical basis has not confirmed the existence of similar studies that take into account the observation of human resources management on ships. Therefore, it can be concluded that the research will be of interest for the field of business logistics as well as the whole scientific and professional community. Recommendations related to the current and future human resource management in maritime companies will be given in the conclusion.

  20. The Maritime Potential of ASEAN Economies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hans-Dieter Evers

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Countries may utilize a long coastline in relation to their landmass as a resource to develop their maritime economy. This paper argues that ASEAN countries differ in utilizing their maritime potential. As a basis for further comparative studies the Center for Policy Research and International Studies (CenPRIS in Penang developed a set of indicators to measure the maritime potential of nations, the state of their maritime industries, and the degree to which the maritime potential has actually been utilized. Using the CenPRIS Ocean Index (COI shows that Brunei and the Philippines have underutilized their maritime potentials, whereas Singapore and Thailand have made full use of it. Malaysia still has the potential to further develop its maritime economy.

  1. Maritime Policy and the Seafaring Labor Market

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lobrigo, Enrico; Pawlik, Thomas

    2015-01-01

    The reports highlighting the foreseen lack of merchant marine officers for the expanding world’s fleet calls for a review in evaluating the impact of maritime policy in the seafaring labor market. This paper aims to clarify the particular characteristics of the seafaring labor market and how it can...... be shaped by specific maritime labor policies. The seafaring labor market in the Philippines, Poland, Germany, and Brazil as well as the general maritime labor policies in these countries is discussed. The focus on these countries leads to a comparative observation of maritime labor as a factor...... of production in an exporting market, in an importing market, and in a closed market, respectively, as shaped by various relevant maritime policies. Since a global policy that can regulate the maritime labor market does not exist, the trend on maritime labor supply is dynamic on a per country basis wherein crew...

  2. Progress in Military Airlift: The Flight Mechanics Panel Symposium Held in Lisbon, Portugal on 28-31 May 1990 (Les Progres Realises dans le Domaine du Transport Aerien Militaire)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-12-01

    TOUTES LES LEVONS APPRISES SOUS TOUS LES CIEUX ET SUR TOUS LES TERRAINS PAR LE TRANSPORT AfRIEN MILITAIRE FRAN9AIS. CO LUS ION CE SONT LES CONFLITS DANS...so trouve le "Navigation Display" (ND), r6serv6 6 la gestion du vol 6 long torme. On y pr6sente lo situation de laovion par rapport 6 son plon do vol...cornsocrer 6z des t~chos de synth~se comme la gestion optimole do la mission at do la machine. Des reconfigurations. r.)cr-eIles par action pilate ou

  3. Agent-based Simulation of the Maritime Domain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. Vaněk

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, a multi-agent based simulation platform is introduced that focuses on legitimate and illegitimate aspects of maritime traffic, mainly on intercontinental transport through piracy afflicted areas. The extensible architecture presented here comprises several modules controlling the simulation and the life-cycle of the agents, analyzing the simulation output and visualizing the entire simulated domain. The simulation control module is initialized by various configuration scenarios to simulate various real-world situations, such as a pirate ambush, coordinated transit through a transport corridor, or coastal fishing and local traffic. The environmental model provides a rich set of inputs for agents that use the geo-spatial data and the vessel operational characteristics for their reasoning. The agent behavior model based on finite state machines together with planning algorithms allows complex expression of agent behavior, so the resulting simulation output can serve as a substitution for real world data from the maritime domain.

  4. Harmonic distortions measured on board of a maritime vessel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zburlea, Elena; Dordea, Stefan

    2016-12-01

    Measurements where performed on four channels by means of an autonomous equipment (galvanic separated and not supplied from the ship's mains) performed on board of some maritime transport vessels, inside the Port of Constanţa aquatorium. Distorted voltages where state in the distribution panels. The sources of those distortions are the switching power supplies of the electric drives. The novelty of our work states in performing those measurements during the inside port maneuvers, when the operating time of each electric equipment is non definable. Harmonic distortions caused by the switching power converters lower the Power Factor. There is no better manner to find out the main distortions sources on board of a maritime transport vessel than to perform the measurements directly, on each location.

  5. Importance économique du transport dans les contraintes énergétiques internationales. Le cas des hydrocarbures Economic Importance of Transportation in International Energy Constraints. the Case of Hydrocarbons

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Masseron J.

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available Les nombreuses prévisions publiées pour tenter d'estimer l'offre et la demande d'énergie d'ici la fin du XX' siècle montrent qu'il est nécessaire d'examiner les conditions de transport à grande distance de l'ensemble des ressources énergétiques. Le présent article tente, à partir des scenarios des besoins énergétiques mondiaux, d'analyser à quelles conditions pratiques seront soumis les échanges. L'auteur passe successivement en revue les différents moyens de transport pour chaque type d'énergie et les problèmes qui s'y rattachent. En particulier, il montre l'interdépendance des diverses formes de transport et souligne l'absence d'une véritable coopération dans les échanges internationaux d'énergie. The numerous published forecosts attempting to estimate the supply and demand for energy between now and the end of the 20th century show that an examination must be made of long-distance transportation conditions thot will govern exchanges. The present article is based on scenarios for worldwide energy needs and attempts to onalyze the practical conditions that will govern exchanges. A review is made of different means of transportation for each type of energy and the problems they entail. In porticular, the article shows the interdependence of different forms of transportation and emphasizes the absence of any veritable coopération in international energy exchanges.

  6. Electronic structure calculations of atomic transport properties in uranium dioxide: influence of strong correlations; Etude des proprietes de transport atomique dans le dioxyde d'uranium par le calcul de structure electronique: influence des fortes correlations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dorado, B.

    2010-09-15

    Uranium dioxide UO{sub 2} is the standard nuclear fuel used in pressurized water reactors. During in-reactor operation, the fission of uranium atoms yields a wide variety of fission products (FP) which create numerous point defects while slowing down in the material. Point defects and FP govern in turn the evolution of the fuel physical properties under irradiation. In this study, we use electronic structure calculations in order to better understand the fuel behavior under irradiation. In particular, we investigate point defect behavior, as well as the stability of three volatile FP: iodine, krypton and xenon. In order to take into account the strong correlations of uranium 5f electrons in UO{sub 2}, we use the DFT+U approximation, based on the density functional theory. This approximation, however, creates numerous metastable states which trap the system and induce discrepancies in the results reported in the literature. To solve this issue and to ensure the ground state is systematically approached as much as possible, we use a method based on electronic occupancy control of the correlated orbitals. We show that the DFT+U approximation, when used with electronic occupancy control, can describe accurately point defect and fission product behavior in UO{sub 2} and provide quantitative information regarding point defect transport properties in the oxide fuel. (author)

  7. Le Comique

    OpenAIRE

    Pasquier, Renaud

    2011-01-01

    J’ai pris un trait d’un côté et un trait d’un autre ; et de ces divers traitsqui pouvaient convenir à une même personne, j’en ai fait des peinturesvraisemblables, cherchant moins à réjouir les lecteurs par le caractère,ou comme le disent les mécontents, par la satire de quelqu’un, qu’à leurproposer des défauts à éviter et des modèles à suivre.Jean de La Bruyère, Discours de réception à l’Académie française, 1693. Le spectacle s’achève après deux rappels sous les applaudissements d’un public c...

  8. Le Japon

    OpenAIRE

    Aveline, Natacha

    2004-01-01

    Ouvrage général de géographie et d'économie du Japon comportant de nombreuses illlustrations, une bibliographie commentée et des sujets pour les examens de géographie.; Cet ouvrage examine l'organisation spatiale du modèle de croissance japonais à toutes ses étapes, de ses origines (de l'époque Meiji à la fin du XIXe siècle) à la crise de Heisei (de 1991 à nos jours). Il fait état de la diversité des défis auxquels est confronté l'archipel dans le nouveau contexte mondialisé. Le regard se por...

  9. Study of the electron heat transport in Tore-Supra tokamak; Etude du transport de la chaleur electronique dans le Tokamak Tore Supra

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Harauchamps, E

    2004-07-01

    This work presents analytical solutions to the electron heat transport equation involving a damping term and a convection term in a cylindrical geometry. These solutions, processed by Matlab, allow the determination of the evolution of the radial profile of electron temperature in tokamaks during heating. The modulated injection of waves around the electron cyclotron frequency is an efficient tool to study heat transport experimentally in tokamaks. The comparison of these analytical solutions with experimental results from Tore-Supra during 2 discharges (30550 and 31165) shows the presence of a sudden change for the diffusion and damping coefficients. The hypothesis of the presence of a pinch spread all along the plasma might explain the shape of the experimental temperature profiles. These analytical solutions could be used to determine the time evolution of plasma density as well or of any parameter whose evolution is governed by a diffusion-convection equation. (A.C.)

  10. Hybrid Maritime Satellite Communication Antenna

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Smith, Thomas Gunst

    Hybrid antennas for a maritime satellite communication terminal with simultaneous operation at L- and Ka-band have been investigated. The frequency bands of interest are 1; 525:0 1; 660:5 MHz (RX+TX, RHCP), 19:7 20:2 (RX, LHCP) and 29:5 30:0 GHz (TX, RHCP), which are all part of the Inmarsat BGAN...

  11. Avaliação da fissuração por fadiga em tubos durante transporte marítimo Fatigue cracking evaluation in pipes during maritime transportation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Mauricio Godoy

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Tubos de aço são transportados diariamente em todo o mundo, por caminhão, trem ou navio. Conseqüentemente, danos de transporte, podem ocorrer com freqüência e regularidade. O tipo de dano particular selecionado para este estudo foi o de trinca por fadiga, o qual é considerado como um dos mais críticos. Neste trabalho foram estudados tubos de aço fabricados de acordo com os requisitos da norma API 5L [1]. Foram efetuadas caracterizações químicas, mecânicas e metalográficas de um tubo com diâmetro 609,6 mm e espessura 15,87 mm grau X-65. A simulação do transporte por navio de tubos de aço foi feita submetendo-se seções de tubo com comprimento igual a 0,1 metro, a ciclos de fadiga por meio de máquina servo-hidráulica. Foi possível concluir que em tubos soldados, a região adjacente ao cordão de solda é a mais crítica, e que quando o posicionamento do tubo na carga é efetuado de maneira que a solda fique apoiada sobre alguma superfície rígida, a ocorrência de trinca por fadiga torna-se possível principalmente se os procedimentos de manuseio, carregamento e transporte não forem executados da maneira como recomendada pelos fabricantes de tubos e pela norma API [2].Steel pipes are daily transported all over the world by truck, train or ship. Consequently, shipping damages may occur frequent and regularly. The particular damage selected for this study was fatigue cracking, that is considered as the more critical one. In this job were studied steel pipes manufactured according to the requirements of the specification API 5L [1]. Chemical, mechanical and micrographic characterizations were made in a pipe size Ø 609.6 mm x 15.87 mm grade X-65. For the simulation of a ship transportation of steel pipes, pipe lengths sections of 0.1 meter were submitted to fatigue cycles from a servo-hydraulic machine. It was possible to conclude that in welded pipes, the weld region adjacent to the weld toe is the more critical and when the

  12. Logistique de transport de la QRL : de la théorie à la réalité sur le terrain

    CERN Document Server

    Prodon, S; CERN. Geneva. TS Department

    2005-01-01

    Ce papier présente l’évolution de l’organisation de la logistique de transport pour le projet QRL : d’une logistique basique d’acheminement en position des éléments arrivant au CERN à la gestion d’un stock tampon d†™une centaine d’éléments en souterrain et de flux multiples d’alimentation de chantiers de réparation en surface et en souterrain. La philosophie et les modalités de mise en place du workpackage logistique seront détaillées, avec un accent sur la définition d’un outillage de manutention adapté. Ce papier insistera enfin sur les modalités de coordination de l’approvisionnement des chantiers QRL avec l’acheminement des aimants.

  13. Maritime Archaeology and Climate Change: An Invitation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, Jeneva

    2016-08-01

    Maritime archaeology has a tremendous capacity to engage with climate change science. The field is uniquely positioned to support climate change research and the understanding of past human adaptations to climate change. Maritime archaeological data can inform on environmental shifts and submerged sites can serve as an important avenue for public outreach by mobilizing public interest and action towards understanding the impacts of climate change. Despite these opportunities, maritime archaeologists have not fully developed a role within climate change science and policy. Moreover, submerged site vulnerabilities stemming from climate change impacts are not yet well understood. This article discusses potential climate change threats to maritime archaeological resources, the challenges confronting cultural resource managers, and the contributions maritime archaeology can offer to climate change science. Maritime archaeology's ability to both support and benefit from climate change science argues its relevant and valuable place in the global climate change dialogue, but also reveals the necessity for our heightened engagement.

  14. Maritime Archaeology and Climate Change: An Invitation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, Jeneva

    2016-12-01

    Maritime archaeology has a tremendous capacity to engage with climate change science. The field is uniquely positioned to support climate change research and the understanding of past human adaptations to climate change. Maritime archaeological data can inform on environmental shifts and submerged sites can serve as an important avenue for public outreach by mobilizing public interest and action towards understanding the impacts of climate change. Despite these opportunities, maritime archaeologists have not fully developed a role within climate change science and policy. Moreover, submerged site vulnerabilities stemming from climate change impacts are not yet well understood. This article discusses potential climate change threats to maritime archaeological resources, the challenges confronting cultural resource managers, and the contributions maritime archaeology can offer to climate change science. Maritime archaeology's ability to both support and benefit from climate change science argues its relevant and valuable place in the global climate change dialogue, but also reveals the necessity for our heightened engagement.

  15. Le Tissu et le texte

    OpenAIRE

    Jean-Marie Lassus

    2010-01-01

    Le premier chapitre de La tumba del relámpago (1978) de l’écrivain péruvien Manuel Scorza synthétise une grande partie de la problématique de La guerra silenciosa, sa fresque de cinq romans racontant la lutte interminable des comuneros des Andes Centrales dans leur quête de justice et de reconnaissance, à partir de faits réels survenus dans le Pérou de la fin des années cinquante. Dans ce chapitre, la lecture du tissu de Doña Añada par Remigio Villena amène ce dernier à interpréter le dilemme...

  16. Forecast on the development of a transport network 2008-2017; Etude prospective sur le developpement du reseau de transport 2008-2017

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2008-07-01

    This study on the gas transport network for 2008-2017 is presented in five parts. The first part presents the main characteristics of the GRTgas network and capacity sizing. The second part details the elements presenting a possible impact on the network development. The policy and strategy concerning the infrastructure development are presented in the third part. The part four deals with the development projects needed to the satisfaction of the market capacity supply. The last part is a synthesis of the investments on the period. (A.L.B.)

  17. Le Sanskrit

    CERN Document Server

    Balbir, Nalini

    2013-01-01

    Cet ouvrage est destiné à tous ceux qui souhaitent se mettre ou se remettre à l'étude du sanskrit et ne peuvent y consacrer que quelques minutes par jour. En suivant le principe de la méthode quotidienne Assimil, vous acquerrez progressivement le vocabulaire et la grammaire de base qui sont nécessaires à la lecture des textes de la littérature sanskrite classique. Vous trouverez dans cette méthode une approche vivante de la langue et de la culture sanskrite classique à travers des textes d'abord adaptés pour le débutant puis authentiques. En quelques mois, vous manierez la langue sans efforts ni hésitation, de manière très naturelle. Les enregistrements reprennent l'intégralité des textes en sanskrit des leçons et des exercices de traduction du livre. Ils sont interprétés, à un rythme progressif, par des locuteurs natifs professionnels.

  18. Maritime Domain Awareness FY08 Assessment Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-10-30

    signals were not strong enough to transmit data when team members were below decks. The Maritime BGAN EMIO Terminal (MBET) device, in turn, failed to...able to demonstrate the transfer of data via the Maritime BGAN EMIO Terminal (MBET) due to the satellite connectivity. (VBSS School) System...boarding. The radio frequency (RF) signals were not strong enough to transmit data when team members were below decks. The Maritime BGAN EMIO Terminal

  19. The regulation of greenhouse gas emissions in the field of transport; La regulation des emissions de gaz a effet de serre dans le domaine du transport

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2009-03-15

    Since 1990, CO{sub 2} emissions in the transport sector have increased by nearly 20%, mainly because of increased car traffic. Reducing them by 20% between now and 2020, in accordance with the draft law tabled by the Grenelle Environment Forum - and by much more between now and 2050 in the context of reducing European emissions by 75% - presupposes recourse to economic instruments such as the climate-energy contribution envisaged by the Forum. However, the methods of evaluation and implementation remain to be defined. The order of magnitude of such instruments could correspond to the value defined for the socio-economic calculations of public projects by a Centre d'Analyse Strategique mission that was set up at the request of the Prime Minister and chaired by Alain Quinet. It will thus be close to 30 euros per CO{sub 2} ton today, rising to 100 euros in 2030 and between 150 and 350 euros in 2050. However, this value cannot be used as such in the economy - and particularly in the form of a tax - without precautions, both for social reasons and reasons of economic competitiveness. The purpose of this Strategic Newswatch is to contribute to the debate by envisaging, within a European framework, the different forms that the regulation of transport greenhouse gas emissions could take. (author)

  20. Rupture mechanics of metallic alloys for hydrogen transport; Mecanique de la rupture des alliages metalliques pour le transport de l'hydrogene

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moro, I.; Briottet, L.; Lemoine, P. [CEA Grenoble (DRT/LITEN/DTH/LEV), 38 (France); Andrieu, E.; Blanc, C. [Centre Interuniversitaire de Recherche et d' Ingenierie des Materiaux (ENSIACET/CIRIMAT), 31 - Toulouse (France)

    2007-07-01

    With the aim to establish a cheap hydrogen distribution system, the transport by pipelines is a solution particularly interesting. Among the high limit of elasticity steels, the X80 has been chosen for hydrogen transport. Its chemical composition and microstructure are given. Important microstructural changes have been revealed in the sheet thickness: the microstructure is thinner and richer in perlite in surface than in bulk. In parallel to this microstructural evolution, a microhardness gradient has been observed: the material microhardness is stronger in surface than in bulk of the sheet. The use of this material for hydrogen transport requires to study its resistance to hydrogen embrittlement. The main aim of this work is to develop an easy rupture mechanics test allowing to qualify the studied material in a gaseous hydrogen environment, to determine the sensitivity of the studied material to the hydrogen embrittlement and to better understand the mechanisms of the hydrogen embrittlement for ferritic materials. Two experimental tests have been used for: the first one is a traction machine coupled to an autoclave; the second one allows to carry out disk rupture tests. The toughness of the material in a gaseous hydrogen environment has thus been determined. The resistance of the material to hydrogen embrittlement has been characterized and by simulation, it has been possible to identify the areas with a strong concentration in hydrogen. The second aim of this work is to study the influence of the steel microstructure on the hydrogen position in the material and on the resistance of the material to the hydrogen embrittlement. The preferential trapping sites on the material not mechanically loaded have at first been identified, as well as the hydrogen position on the different phases and at the ferrite/cementite interface. The interaction between the mechanical loads, the position and the trapping of the hydrogen have been studied then. At last, has been

  1. Modélisation du transport des isotopes stables de l'eau (18O et D) dans le cas d'un sol nu en conditions naturelles

    OpenAIRE

    Melayah, A.; Bruckler, L; Bariac, T.

    1996-01-01

    Nous proposons dans ce travail un modèle mécaniste de prévision du comportement des isotopes stables de l'eau (18O et 2H) dans le système sol atmosphère soumis à des conditions climatiques quelconques. Les principales caractéristiques du modèle sont le couplage entre les flux dans le sol et dans l'atmosphère par l'intermédiaire du bilan d'énergie à la surface du sol et de la convection turbulente dans les basses couches atmosphériques, la prise en compte simultanée des flux isotopiques diffus...

  2. Self-shielding phenomenon modelling in multigroup transport code Apollo-2; Modelisation du phenomene d'autoprotection dans le code de transport multigroupe Apollo 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Coste-Delclaux, M

    2006-03-15

    This document describes the improvements carried out for modelling the self-shielding phenomenon in the multigroup transport code APOLLO2. They concern the space and energy treatment of the slowing-down equation, the setting up of quadrature formulas to calculate reaction rates, the setting-up of a method that treats directly a resonant mixture and the development of a sub-group method. We validate these improvements either in an elementary or in a global way. Now, we obtain, more accurate multigroup reaction rates and we are able to carry out a reference self-shielding calculation on a very fine multigroup mesh. To end, we draw a conclusion and give some prospects on the remaining work. (author)

  3. Development scheme of the public power transportation network; Le schema de developpement du reseau public de transport d'electricite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-07-01

    Article 14 of the modified law from February 10, 2000 relative to the modernization and development of the electric utility foresees that the development scheme of the public power transportation network is regularly submitted to the approval of the ministry of energy after advice from the energy regulation commission. The development scheme identifies the areas of 'power fragility' with respect to the existing or future constraints susceptible to occur at the short- or medium-term on the French power grid. This document comprises the text of the law 2000-108 from February 10, 2000, and the complete development scheme with its appendixes (regulatory and administrative context relative to network projects, constraints relative to each administrative region). (J.S.)

  4. Les transports guidés sur pneus dits 'systèmes intermédiaires' dans le contexte de l'innovation en transport collectif urbain

    OpenAIRE

    C. Soulas

    2003-01-01

    Les systèmes dit 'intermédiaires' apparus dans les années 1990 constituent une nouvelle famille de transports guidés sur pneus de surface, qui regroupe trois filières plus ou moins proches du bus/trolleybus ou du tramway classiques. Chacune de ces filières est actuellement représentée en France par un système industriel : TRANSLOHR, CIVIS ET TVR. Il apparait au préalable intéressant de faire quelques parallèles entre ces nouveaux systèmes et une autre catégorie apparue une vingtaine d'années ...

  5. Some robust numerical methods for flow and transport in porous media; Quelques methodes numeriques robustes pour l'ecoulement et le transport en milieu poreux

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sboui, A

    2007-01-15

    The aim of this thesis is to model and develop numerical tools adapted to study underground water flow and the propagation of pollutants in a porous medium. The main motivation of this work is a benchmark from GDR Momas and ANDRA to simulate the 3-D propagation of radionuclides around a deep disposal of nuclear waste. Firstly, we construct a new mixed finite elements method suitable for general hexahedral meshes. Convergence of the method is proved and shown in numerical experiments. Secondly, we present a method of time discretization for the advection equation which allows for the use of different time steps in different sub-domains in order to take into account of strong heterogeneities. Finally a numerical method for the calculation of the transport of contaminants is proposed. The techniques above were implemented in a 3-D code and simulation results are shown on the 3-D far field benchmark from GDR Momas and ANDRA. (author)

  6. The New Maritime Engineering Education at the Technical University of Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Jørgen Juncher; Andersen, Ingrid Marie Vincent; Nielsen, Ulrik Dam

    2014-01-01

    , management, transport optimization and engine system design into to the curriculum. Furthermore, the concept of green shipping was introduced wherever relevant in teaching modules at DTU and two new maritime engineering courses were introduced: (1) Sailing practice in a merchant vessel or DTU’s research......, at that time the last major ship yard in Denmark was closing down and ship operation, together with ship design, became the main working area for the students after graduation. It was then decided to broaden the naval architecture education to a maritime engineering education taking marine logistics...... vessel (guided by the experience gained from Australian Maritime College in a similar course) and, (2) Green transportation dealing holistically with global ship transport. Furthermore, study trips to Asia visiting ship yards have been made possible by support from the various private funds. This new...

  7. Maritime security and the common interests of India and China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHOU Zhonghai

    2006-01-01

    The world has changed dramatically over the years,and being two of the world's largest and most populous developing countries,India and China should remain in close touch on issues concerning developing nations.Today's challenges to maritime security increasingly comprise more non-traditional threats,such as terrorist acts against shipping,trafficking in weapons of mass destruction,piracy and armed robbery at sea,illicit transportation in narcotic drugs,psychotropic substances and nuclear substances,and smuggling of people and arms.It is therefore important to intensify cooperation at all levels to address threats to maritime security and safety in a comprehensive manner through bilateral and multilateral instruments and mechanisms aimed at monitoring,preventing and responding to such threats.

  8. URANIUM DETECTION USING SMALL SCINTILLATORS IN A MARITIME ENVIRONMENT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hofstetter, K; Donna Beals, D; Ken Odell, K

    2006-05-12

    The performance of several commercially available portable radiation spectrometers containing small NaI(Tl) scintillation detectors has been studied at the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL). These hand-held radioisotope identifiers are used by field personnel to detect and identify the illegal transport of uranium as a deterrent to undeclared nuclear proliferation or nuclear terrorism. The detection of uranium in a variety of chemical forms and isotopic enrichments presents some unique challenges in the maritime environment. This study was conducted using a variety of shielded and unshielded uranium sources in a simulated maritime environment. The results include estimates of the detection sensitivity for various isotopic enrichments and configurations using the manufacturer's spectral analysis firmware. More sophisticated methods for analyzing the spectra off-line are also evaluated to determine the detection limits and enrichment sensitivities from the field measurements.

  9. Transport statistics 1996

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Shepperson, L

    1997-12-01

    Full Text Available This publication contains transport and related statistics on roads, vehicles, infrastructure, passengers, freight, rail, air, maritime and road traffic, and international comparisons. The information compiled in this publication has been gathered...

  10. Le concept « d'espace-énergie »: proposition d'une méthodologie pour cartographier les coûts énergétiques du transport aérien en Océanie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Canavesio Rémy

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Le renchérissement des énergies transforme la géographie des mobilités. Cette problématique est particulièrement sensible en Océanie en raison de l'extrême dépendance des sociétés insulaires au système de transport aérien. Cet article propose une méthode permettant de cartographier le réseau de transport aérien selon la notion de distance-énergie. Cette méthode prend en compte les principaux facteurs de consommation du transport aérien et met en évidence les spécificités océaniennes qui, dans ce domaine, se révèlent être des facteurs aggravant de vulnérabilité. Le concept d'espace-énergie qui est proposé au travers de cet outil cartographique nouveau implique et permet de penser l'espace avec une nouvelle approche qui complète et enrichit les conceptions actuelles (distance métrique, distance-temps, espace social….

  11. Operational Merits of Maritime Superconductivity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ross, R.; Bosklopper, J. J.; van der Meij, K. H.

    The perspective of superconductivity to transfer currents without loss is very appealing in high power applications. In the maritime sector many machines and systems exist in the roughly 1-100 MW range and the losses are well over 50%, which calls for dramatic efficiency improvements. This paper reports on three studies that aimed at the perspectives of superconductivity in the maritime sector. It is important to realize that the introduction of superconductivity comprises two technology transitions namely firstly electrification i.e. the transition from mechanical drives to electric drives and secondly the transition from normal to superconductive electrical machinery. It is concluded that superconductivity does reduce losses, but its impact on the total energy chain is of little significance compared to the investments and the risk of introducing a very promising but as yet not proven technology in the harsh maritime environment. The main reason of the little impact is that the largest losses are imposed on the system by the fossil fueled generators as prime movers that generate the electricity through mechanical torque. Unless electric power is supplied by an efficient and reliable technology that does not involve mechanical torque with the present losses both normal as well as superconductive electrification of the propulsion will hardly improve energy efficiency or may even reduce it. One exception may be the application of degaussing coils. Still appealing merits of superconductivity do exist, but they are rather related to the behavior of superconductive machines and strong magnetic fields and consequently reduction in volume and mass of machinery or (sometimes radically) better performance. The merits are rather convenience, design flexibility as well as novel applications and capabilities which together yield more adequate systems. These may yield lower operational costs in the long run, but at present the added value of superconductivity rather seems more

  12. Maritime Spatial Planning in Cyprus

    OpenAIRE

    Hadjimitsis Diofantos; Agapiou Athos; Themistocleous Kyriakos; Mettas Christodoulos; Evagorou Evagoras; Soulis Giorgos; Xagoraris Zafeiris; Pilikou Maria; Aliouris Kyriakos; Ioannou Nicolas

    2016-01-01

    Spatial Planning is a critical tool for land management and is extensively used in all developed nations. The Marine Spatial Planning (MSP), at the European Union (EU) level, is based on Directive 2014/89/EU of the European Parliament and Council of 23rd July 2014 which establishes a common framework for MSP in the EU, which each Member State is called to apply in relation to the maritime space under its jurisdiction (marine waters). In this paper the overall results from the “Cross-Border Co...

  13. Maritime Domain Awareness: Assessment of Current Status

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-06-01

    captured. The RF signals were not strong enough to transmit data when team members were below decks. The Maritime BGAN EMIO Terminal (MBET) device...boarding officer was not able to demonstrate the transfer of data via the Maritime Broadband Global Area Network ( BGAN ) EMIO Terminal (MBET) due to the

  14. Some Features of Maritime Telex Service Communication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Barry

    1995-01-01

    This article analyzes four categories of English-language maritime telex service communication: (1) standard, system- generated messages; (2) standard procedures for transmitting messages; (3) nonstandard messages related to maritime mobile radio service (MMRS); and (4) nonstandard messages related to the organization, procedures, or equipment of…

  15. On English Teaching in Maritime Colleges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, Jiang; Wang, Honggui

    2011-01-01

    According to English level of Chinese ocean sailors at present, we analyze the characteristics and instruction needs of navigation English and point out current English teaching in maritime specialty has many problems. Traditional teaching modes are not suitable for modern maritime needs any longer. So we propose feasible methods and…

  16. Le vieillard et le chevalier

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mélanie JECKER

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Éléments introductifs Ces réflexions initiales n’auront pas pour point de départ le rappel du problème posé par la présence de vieillards toujours plus nombreux au sein de nos sociétés contemporaines. Je ne nie pas l’importance ni l’intérêt du phénomène relativement récent du vieillissement de la population en Occident, mais ce constat ne fut pas à l’origine de mon travail. Ce qui a porté ma curiosité vers le thème des âges de la vie n’est pas mon propre présent mais l’attrait et même, oserai...

  17. Ports et commerce maritime dans l’Arabie du Sud préislamique Ports & Maritime Trade in Pre-Islamic Southern Arabia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jérémie Schiettecatte

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available L’Arabie du Sud, au début de l’ère chrétienne, connaît des changements significatifs. Parmi ceux-ci, le développement du commerce maritime au détriment de l’ancienne voie caravanière. Ce changement est souvent décrit comme brusque et débouchant sur une situation pérenne durant les siècles suivants.Nous avons choisi de reprendre ce dossier en réunissant, dans un premier temps, l’ensemble des données épigraphiques et historiques relatives aux ports préislamiques de la mer Rouge et du golfe d’Aden depuis leur fondation jusqu’au viie siècle. Ces synthèses nous permettent de décrire, dans un second temps, l’évolution de l’économie maritime au cours des premiers siècles de l’ère chrétienne, la nature des espaces d’échanges et lele du pouvoir politique dans le contrôle de cette nouvelle économie.Ceci nous amène à conclure que le commerce maritime ne se développe pas aussi brusquement qu’il n’y paraît : la mise en place des réseaux et des ports majeurs s’étale sur plusieurs siècles. Ce commerce ne fut le moteur économique des royaumes sudarabiques qu’au cours d’une période limitée, du milieu du ier siècle au début du iiie siècle. Les ports connurent ensuite une activité irrégulière, conditionnée par l’évolution politique et économique des royaumes sudarabiques, des pays voisins et du bassin méditerranéen.By the dawn of the Christian era, Southern Arabia is undergoing major changes; among these, the expansion of maritime trade at the expense of the old caravan route.  This change is often described as something sudden, leading to a more perennial situation the ensuing centuries.We have chosen to take a new look at this case by first gathering all the epigraphic and historic data having to do with pre-Islamic ports in the Red Sea and the Aden Gulf, from when they were first founded 'till the 7th century.  This global outline then has then allowed us to describe the

  18. Perceptions of Female and Male University Students on Sustainable Maritime Development Concept: A Case Study from Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cemile Solak Fışkın

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective: It is a fact that maritime transport is essential for achieving sustainable transport development, and the concept of sustainable development has recently raised great interest in maritime industry. The fundamental role in driving and supporting the sustainability should be pursued by young people, and in Turkey as a developing country, sustainable maritime development should be particularly emphasized by the young population amounting to one third of total. The aim of this paper is to analyze the perceptions of female and male students on sustainable maritime development concept. Method: In order to reach this aim, the study was carried out using a questionnaire distributed to maritime faculty students in Turkey. Three pillars of sustainable maritime development were used to reveal how important the issue is for students and how they perceive them. Results: The study indicated strong emphasis of social sustainable maritime development while the key factor perceived as water pollution as one of the environmental item. Conclusion: The results of the study reveal not only the perceptional differences between Turkish female and male students on sustainable development concept but also on sources of environmental concerns.

  19. International rules on maritime delimitation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tubić Bojan

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with international rules which are applicable in the cases of maritime delimitation. The importance of sea and its resources incited the states to regulate their boundaries in international agreements. In the situations when it is impossible to reach an agreement on delimitation it is necessary to resolve the dispute. Among other issues, there can be differences regarding the delimitation of territorial sea, continental shelf and exclusive economic zone. The UN Convention on the Law of the Sea, which comprehensively regulates this field contains also certain rules on maritime delimitation. Besides diplomatic means, states concerned can try to resolve the dispute by using the arbitration or judicial means of dispute settlement. The jurisdiction for the dispute settlement have the International Court of Justice and the Tribunal for the Law of the Sea. They usually apply the principle of equidistance but it can be complemented or replaced with additional criteria if there are some special circumstances related to the concrete case. The basic aim in the process of decision making is the achievement of equitable and acceptable solution.

  20. How Have European Union Regulation Tools on Maritime Safety Developed After the Prestige Catastrophe? A Special Reference to Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando González Laxe

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Maritime transport (specially when it comes to carrying hydrocarbons and dangerous products is included in the economic globalisation process. The Prestige accident in the Galician coast, Spain, has shown the existence of significant failures on part of both the market and the public sector, which leads to conclude that maritime security should be considered as a global public good. Consequently, this paper shows the advances and the still unfinished tasks according to the aforementioned view, mainly in the European Union.

  1. 32 CFR 537.15 - Statutory authority for maritime claims and claims involving civil works of a maritime nature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... claims involving civil works of a maritime nature. 537.15 Section 537.15 National Defense Department of....15 Statutory authority for maritime claims and claims involving civil works of a maritime nature. (a... affirmative claims involving civil works of a maritime nature is set out at 33 U.S.C. 408. ...

  2. Risk and resilience in global maritime supply chains

    OpenAIRE

    Berle, Øyvind

    2012-01-01

    Why did they make birds so delicate and fine as those sea swallows when the ocean can be so cruel? She is kind and very beautiful. But she can be so cruel and it comes so suddenly and such birds that fly, dipping and hunting, with their small sad voices are made too delicately for the sea" - Ernest Hemingway, “The old man and the sea”.The background of this research, given the central condition that the world is completely dependent on maritime transportation systems, is to understand how the...

  3. Remote Viewer for Maritime Robotics Software

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuwata, Yoshiaki; Wolf, Michael; Huntsberger, Terrance L.; Howard, Andrew B.

    2013-01-01

    This software is a viewer program for maritime robotics software that provides a 3D visualization of the boat pose, its position history, ENC (Electrical Nautical Chart) information, camera images, map overlay, and detected tracks.

  4. Maritime Governance and Policy-Making

    CERN Document Server

    Roe, Michael

    2013-01-01

    A close analysis of the framework of existing governance and the existing jurisdictional arrangements for shipping and ports reveals that while policy-making is characterized by national considerations through flags, institutional representation at all jurisdictions and the inviolability of the state, the commercial, financial, legal and operational environment of the sector is almost wholly global. This governance mismatch means that in practice the maritime industry can avoid policies which it dislikes by trading nations off against one another, while enjoying the freedoms and benefits of a globalized economy. A Post-modern interpretation of this globalized society prompts suggestions for change in maritime policy-making so that the governance of the sector better matches more closely the environment in which shipping and ports operate. Maritime Governance and Policy-Making is a controversial commentary on the record of policy-making in the maritime sector and assesses whether the reason for continued polic...

  5. Maritime archaeology of Lakshadweep Islands, India

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Tripati, S.; Gaur, A.S.; Sundaresh; Vora, K.H.

    route from Europe to Asia before the opening of the Suez Canal In order to delineate the earliest human habitation and maritime contacts of Lakshadweep Islands, archaeological explorations was carried on by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI...

  6. The New Barbary Wars: Forecasting Maritime Piracy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Daxecker, U.E.; Prins, B.C.

    2015-01-01

    This paper extends systematic analyses of maritime piracy by verifying the robustness of empirical results and examining the forecasting ability of empirical models. Recent research by Ward, Greenhill and Bakke (2010) finds that statistically significant relationships frequently offer poor guidance

  7. Maritime cleantech entrepreneurship in Frederikshavn, Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hermann, Roberto Rivas; Lunde-Christensen, Jeanne Christine; Riisgaard, Henrik

    2012-01-01

    research question: What is the current role of brokers and intermediaries in facilitating information concerning green shipping practices? The paper's main argument is that information availability, facilitated by public and private networks is a requirement for potential maritime cleantech eco...... between information rich domains (maritime associations, conferences, etc) to end users: Frederikshavn's district government (Kommune) and Frederikshavn Business Council (Ehrvervshus Nord). - "Information" in the Frederikshavn's context implies: new shipping environmental regulations, air and water...

  8. Maritim epidemiologi på Supercourse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Olaf

    2015-01-01

    Maritim epidemiologi er nu kommet med i samlingen af undervisningsmidler på ”Supercourse”. Der er oprettet en særlig mappe med Maritime Epidemiology og alle der har gode bidrag inden for området opfordres hermed til at publicere her. Supercourse er en samling af foredrag beregnet til at være en r...... of Pittsburgh af bla. Ronald LaPorte, Faina Linkov, Mita Lovalekar og Eugene Shubnikov. God fornøjelse Olaf Jensen...

  9. The Land Component Role in Maritime Security

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-12-31

    1 Analytical Report The Land Component Role in Maritime Security Lieutenant Colonel Daniel Kent, U.S. Army As the world’s population and...seabed materials to support other economic sectors. Additionally, nations are looking to increase their access to maritime resources through both...U.S. Army Pacific (USARPAC) is designated as the Theater Joint Force Land Component Command (TJFLCC) and endeavors to support the PACOM Theater

  10. Maritime Piracy, its Suppression and Punishment

    OpenAIRE

    Štemberg, Milan

    2011-01-01

    The text Maritime Piracy, Its Suppression and Punishment, analyses piracy as a classical threat to international maritime traffic, which has reappeared after being considered obsolete in a majority of the world for several decades. The text first discusses general questions connected with piracy - a definition of piracy according to public international law is presented. Consequently, the factual side of piracy is presented, since piracy still is a topic not very well-known in the Western wor...

  11. Maritime Security: Malaysia’s Persistent Problem

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    Malaysian Maritime Zone is safe and peaceful to maritime communities. To minimize loss of lives and properties at sea based on a set standard. To...navies, and air forces of the littoral states.”20 In his keynote address at the 2011 Shangri-La Dialogue, Prime Minister Dato ’ Sri Najib Tun Razak...Monitor, Vol. 4 No. 3, 2006. Razak, Dato ’ Sri Najib Tun, Prime Minister Malaysia. Keynote Address. Shangri-La Dialogue. Singapore, June 3, 2011

  12. Information Services of Maritime Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palazov, Atanas; Stefanov, Asen

    2015-04-01

    The ultimate goal of modern oceanography is an end user oriented product. Beneficiaries are the governmental services, coast-based enterprises and research institutions that make use of the products generated by operational oceanography. Direct potential users and customers are coastal managers, shipping, offshore industry, ports and harbours, fishing, tourism and recreation industry, and scientific community. Indirect beneficiaries, through climate forecasting based on ocean observations, are food, energy, water and medical suppliers. Five general classes of users for data and information are specified: (1) operational users that analyze the collected data and produce different forecasts serving to impose regulation measures; (2) authorities and managers of large-scale projects needing timely oceanographic information, including statistics and climatic trends; (3) industrial enterprises, safety of structures and avoiding of pollution; (4) tourism and recreation related users aiming protection of human health; (5) scientists, engineers, and economists carrying out special researches, strategic design studies, and other investigations to advance the application of marine data. The analysis of information received during the extensive inquiry among all potential end users reveals variety of data and information needs encompassing physical, chemical, biological and hydrometeorological observation. Nevertheless, the common requirement concerns development of observing and forecasting systems providing accurate real-time or near-real time data and information supporting decision making and environmental management. Availability of updated information on the actual state as well as forecast for the future changes of marine environment are essential for the success and safety of maritime operations in the offshore industry. For this purpose different systems have been developed to collect data and to produce forecasts on the state of the marine environment and to provide

  13. The Use of Satellite Technologies for Maritime Surveillance: An Overview of EU Initiatives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruxandra-Laura BOSILCA

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The sea lies at the heart of the EU prosperity and security: the Union and its member states depend on open and secure seas and oceans for their trade, transportation, energy, food, mineral resources, tourism, and a healthy marine environment. Maritime surveillance constitutes a key enabler for safeguarding the EU strategic interests at sea, by providing vital information on developments over, on and under the sea surface and coastal areas. A fundamental role in the process of collecting and communicating relevant information is held by satellite technologies which open paths to cost-effective and innovative alternatives to traditional surveillance techniques. The article proceeds as follows. The first section briefly outlines the key importance of the sea for the economic, military, energy, food, environmental, health, and cultural dimensions of EU security. Then, the concept of “maritime surveillance” is explained within the broader context of maritime security in the following section. In order to explore the use of satellite technologies in the EU maritime surveillance mechanisms, the third section of the paper examines three cases related to: the vessel monitoring system (VMS and the vessel detection system (VDS; FRONTEX, the EU agency for external borders management, and the related framework of EUROSUR; and finally, the CleanSeaNet oil spill monitoring system developed by the European Maritime Safety Agency (EMSA. Lastly, the concluding section summarizes the main findings of the article.

  14. 76 FR 62408 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-07

    ... COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance Notice is hereby given that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been reissued by the Federal Maritime Commission... Commission pertaining to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR part 515. License...

  15. Les accidents du travail dans le transport urbain en commun de la ville province de Kinshasa, République Démocratique du Congo: une étude transversale descriptive

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wangata, Jemima; Elenge, Myriam; De Brouwer, Christophe

    2014-01-01

    Introduction Le transport en commun urbain constitue un secteur où les travailleurs sont très exposés aux accidents du travail. Cette étude visait une description épidémiologique des accidents du travail dans le secteur informel du transport en commun à Kinshasa en vue d'apporter les pistes d'amélioration de la sécurité des travailleurs dans cette activité. Méthodes Un questionnaire sur les accidents du travail, administré en Décembre 2012 a permis d'explorer les tendances significatives entre les accidents et leurs circonstances, leurs facteurs associés, leurs conséquences au sein d'une population des travailleurs (n = 472) du transport en commun à Kinshasa. Résultats Durant les 12 derniers précédant l’étude 76.5% des travailleurs ont connu au moins un accident du travail, 54,8% ont connu un arrêt d'au moins 1jour. Les accidents liés à la circulation routière étaient plus important suivis des chutes. Les facteurs ayant montré des différences significatives étaient le travail sous l'influence de l'alcool et le port des équipements de protection individuelle. Les plaies (46,3%) et les contusions (39,4%) étaient les lésions les plus courantes. Les membres supérieurs (51,3%) et inférieurs (30,7%) étaient les plus atteints. 76,6% des travailleurs ont assumé seuls leur prise en charge médicale. Conclusion L'incidence des accidents du travail dans ce secteur est très élevée. La mise en place d'une politique de prévention et gestion de différents facteurs associés ainsi qu'un système de déclaration d'accidents est nécessaire dans ce secteur. Les patrons ainsi que les politiques devraient veiller à une prise en charge médicale correcte pour des travailleurs accidentés. PMID:25667703

  16. Le savant et le politique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Philippe Corcuff

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available L’article s’efforce de reproblématiser de manière équilibrée la question épistémologique du rapport entre le savant et le politique, en trois étapes. Tout d’abord, il revient sur les complications weberiennes concernant « la neutralité axiologique », en ce qu’elles sont éloignées du neutralisme unilatéral défendu par Nathalie Heinich. Ensuite, il va puiser dans des ressources philosophiques chez Maurice Merleau-Ponty et dans des ressources sociologiques chez Norbert Elias afin de traiter de manière nuancée les relations distanciation/engagement dans la perspective d’une distanciation compréhensive. Enfin, il termine par quatre propositions épistémologiques synthétiques valorisant une autonomie de l’activité scientifique émancipée du scientisme.The scientist and the politicsThis article attempts to problematize in a balanced way the epistemological question of the relationship between the scientist and the politics in three steps. At first, it will discuss the weberian complications regarding “axiological neutrality” in its remoteness to the unilateral neutralism defended by Nathalie Heinich. Then, it will seek within Maurice Merleau-Ponty’s philosophical resources and Norbert Elias’ sociological resources in order to treat with nuance the distanciation/engagement relationship from a comprehensive distancing perspective. At last, it will end with four synthetic epistemological proposals valuing autonomous scientific activity, emancipated from scientism.El intelectual y el políticoEl articulo hace hincapié en la necesidad de plantear de manera equilibrada el tema epistemológico de la relación entre el intelectual y el político. Puede efectuarse en tres etapas. En primer lugar el autor subraya la preocupación weberiana por la « neutralidad axiológica » en la medida en que es opuesta a la neutralidad unilateral de Nathalie Heinich. Seguidamente se apoya en los recursos filosóficos de Merleau

  17. Impacts du prélèvement du sable marin sur l'évolution du trait de cote a Yoff: essai d'étude de vulnerabilité, (Presqu'île du Cap Vert, Sénégal)

    OpenAIRE

    Adjoussi, P.

    2001-01-01

    PRESENTATION GENERALE Le village de Yoff, vieille entité léboue est un village de pêcheurs traditionnels situé au nord de le presqu'île du Cap Vert. Il s'ouvre largement sur l'Océan Atlantique et est soumis à la prédominance des alizés maritimes.

  18. Le vieillard et le chevalier

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mélanie JECKER

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available La fin du Moyen Âge fascine. Deux facteurs principaux expliquent l’attraction qu’exerce cette période : elle apparaît d’une part comme un moment historique riche car double, phase de transition entre le Moyen Âge et la Renaissance, où se mêlent des cadres de représentation anciens et nouveaux. L’insinuation d’une pensée humaniste balbutiante s’y traduirait notamment par l’émergence de la notion d’individu, qui constitue l’un des objets de ce travail. Il faut invoquer, d’autre part, l’image macabre d’un bas Moyen Âge hanté par l’idée de la maladie et de la mort depuis l’épidémie de peste noire de 1348, obsédé par la brièveté de la vie humaine. Ces deux facettes de « l’automne du Moyen Âge » tel que l’évoque avec poésie Joan Huizinga sont-elles autre chose qu’une plaisante image d’Epinal? Cette étude cherche précisément à déterminer le degré de validité de ces deux topiques, à travers l’analyse de la représentation des âges de la vie dans un corpus bien défini, celui de la biographie chevaleresque castillane du XVe siècle. L’intérêt porté à l’individu, la conscience de la singularité impliquent en effet celle du caractère mouvant de la personne, or quel thème mieux que celui des âges permet de confirmer ou d’infirmer l’hypothèse du surgissement d’une nouvelle manière de concevoir l’homme, proprement « renaissante », en ce siècle de transition , La nature même du corpus retenu – des récits biographiques – suggère en effet une mutation dans l’appréhension de la personne, une attention prêtée à sa progressive transformation. L’étude de la représentation de la vieillesse, en particulier, révèle non seulement à quel point était alors réelle cette prétendue obsession de la déchéance physique et de la mortalité, mais aussi dans quelle mesure étaient soulignés et valorisés les changements individuels parallèles à l

  19. Wavelet Analysis for RADARSAT Exploitation: Demonstration of Algorithms for Maritime Surveillance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-02-01

    maritimes. L’imagerie SAR, fondamentalement différente de l’imagerie provenant de capteurs électro-optiques ou infrarouges, peut fournir de l’information sur...Importance Le satellite perfectionné d’observation de la Terre RADARSAT produit des images qui conviennent bien à la détection des phénomènes naturels ...améliorent l’extraction de l’information et sont une approche unique à la détection de cibles sur un fond naturel complexe. Des algorithmes à base

  20. 33 CFR 103.510 - Area Maritime Security (AMS) Plan review and approval.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Area Maritime Security (AMS) Plan... HOMELAND SECURITY MARITIME SECURITY MARITIME SECURITY: AREA MARITIME SECURITY Area Maritime Security (AMS) Plan § 103.510 Area Maritime Security (AMS) Plan review and approval. Each AMS Plan will be...

  1. 47 CFR 80.1069 - Maritime sea areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... continuous DSC alerting is available as defined by the International Maritime Organization. (2) Sea area A2... in which continuous DSC alerting is available as defined by the International Maritime...

  2. Energy intensity of maritime trades: Evidences from the EX-TREMIS database

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chiffi, Cosimo [TRT Trasporti e Territorio Srl, Via Rutilia 10/8, 20141 Milan (Italy)], E-mail: chiffi@TRTtrasportieterritorio.it; Fiorello, Davide [TRT Trasporti e Territorio Srl, Via Rutilia 10/8, 20141 Milan (Italy)

    2009-10-15

    This paper describes the energy consumption performance of sea-going ships engaged in the EU27 seaborne trades based on data and parameters resulting from the EX-TREMIS (EXploring non road TRansport EMISsions in Europe) database. EX-TREMIS is a comprehensive database of fleet and transport activity data, specific energy consumption, emission factors and total emissions from rail, maritime and air transport in the European Union. The EX-TREMIS maritime model derives from a mixture of top-down and bottom-up approaches for estimating pollutant emissions from shipping activities. The model did not use direct observations of actual trips, but empirically derived the number of equivalent-ships. Cargo type shipments were linked to seven ship type categories for which a further segmentation by ship size (three length classes), type and age of the main engine and type of fuel was applied.

  3. Energy intensity of maritime trades. Evidences from the EX-TREMIS database

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chiffi, Cosimo; Fiorello, Davide [TRT Trasporti e Territorio Srl, Via Rutilia 10/8, 20141 Milan (Italy)

    2009-10-15

    This paper describes the energy consumption performance of sea-going ships engaged in the EU27 seaborne trades based on data and parameters resulting from the EX-TREMIS (EXploring non road TRansport EMISsions in Europe) database. EX-TREMIS is a comprehensive database of fleet and transport activity data, specific energy consumption, emission factors and total emissions from rail, maritime and air transport in the European Union. The EX-TREMIS maritime model derives from a mixture of top-down and bottom-up approaches for estimating pollutant emissions from shipping activities. The model did not use direct observations of actual trips, but empirically derived the number of equivalent-ships. Cargo type shipments were linked to seven ship type categories for which a further segmentation by ship size (three length classes), type and age of the main engine and type of fuel was applied. (author)

  4. Maritime governance speed, flow, form process

    CERN Document Server

    Roe, Michael

    2016-01-01

    This book provides an original analysis of the problems facing global governance and in particular that of one of the most globalised of all industries – shipping. Central to all global trade and its dramatic growth, shipping faces difficulties of governance stemming from its every globalised nature. The current characteristics of global governance – nation-state fixation, anachronistic institutions, inadequate stakeholder involvement and an over-domination of owner interests are dwarfed by the problems of stasis and fixation which means that policies to address problems of safety, the environment and security are inadequate. This book provides a full and wide ranging discussion of how governance can be animated in a global context so that the dynamism of the maritime industry and its problems can be prevented, regulated and understood. Its unique approach to governance makes it essential reading for all maritime policy-makers and those analysing maritime issues, alongside those with an interest in govern...

  5. Data Quality Assessment for Maritime Situation Awareness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iphar, C.; Napoli, A.; Ray, C.

    2015-08-01

    The Automatic Identification System (AIS) initially designed to ensure maritime security through continuous position reports has been progressively used for many extended objectives. In particular it supports a global monitoring of the maritime domain for various purposes like safety and security but also traffic management, logistics or protection of strategic areas, etc. In this monitoring, data errors, misuse, irregular behaviours at sea, malfeasance mechanisms and bad navigation practices have inevitably emerged either by inattentiveness or voluntary actions in order to circumvent, alter or exploit such a system in the interests of offenders. This paper introduces the AIS system and presents vulnerabilities and data quality assessment for decision making in maritime situational awareness cases. The principles of a novel methodological approach for modelling, analysing and detecting these data errors and falsification are introduced.

  6. DATA QUALITY ASSESSMENT FOR MARITIME SITUATION AWARENESS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Iphar

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The Automatic Identification System (AIS initially designed to ensure maritime security through continuous position reports has been progressively used for many extended objectives. In particular it supports a global monitoring of the maritime domain for various purposes like safety and security but also traffic management, logistics or protection of strategic areas, etc. In this monitoring, data errors, misuse, irregular behaviours at sea, malfeasance mechanisms and bad navigation practices have inevitably emerged either by inattentiveness or voluntary actions in order to circumvent, alter or exploit such a system in the interests of offenders. This paper introduces the AIS system and presents vulnerabilities and data quality assessment for decision making in maritime situational awareness cases. The principles of a novel methodological approach for modelling, analysing and detecting these data errors and falsification are introduced.

  7. Orchestrating Transnational Environmental Governance in Maritime Shipping

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lister, Jane; Taudal Poulsen, René; Ponte, Stefano

    2015-01-01

    —the International Maritime Organization. Drawing on original empirical evidence and archival data, we introduce a four-factor framework to investigate two main questions: why is shipping lagging in its environmental governance; and what is the potential for the International Maritime Organization to orchestrate...... emerging private ‘green shipping’ initiatives to achieve better ecological outcomes? Contributing to transnational governance theory, we find that conditions stalling regulatory progress include low environmental issue visibility, poor interest alignment, a broadening scope of environmental issues......Maritime shipping is the transmission belt of the global economy. It is also a major contributor to global environmental change through its under-regulated air, water and land impacts. It is puzzling that shipping is a lagging sector as it has a well-established global regulatory body...

  8. Legal Problems Concerning "Other Maritime Liens"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WangShumin

    1999-01-01

    It is more likely accepted that maritime liea is an old and unique statutory right in different maritime legislation or laws in the world. In the past few decades, the intemational organizations have made good efforts in establishing three conventions for the unification of laws concerning maritime liens and mortgages, i.e. the Intenational Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules Relating to Maritime Mortgages and Liens, 1926 (hereinafter referred to as the Convention 1926),

  9. Helicopter Maritime Environment Trainer: Software Product Specification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-01

    hélicoptère maritime : Spécification de produit logiciel, documentation de la version 1.1 du logiciel HelMET. Étant donné que la prise en charge...hélicoptère maritime : Spécification de produit logiciel, documentation de la version 1.1 du logiciel HelMET. Étant donné que la prise en charge...Manual [Reference k] 1. Set computer’s BIOS to a standard setup, disabling the cache where the Ethernet card resides (not necessary on plug and

  10. OCCIMA: Optical Channel Characterization in Maritime Atmospheres

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hammel, Steve; Tsintikidis, Dimitri; deGrassie, John; Reinhardt, Colin; McBryde, Kevin; Hallenborg, Eric; Wayne, David; Gibson, Kristofor; Cauble, Galen; Ascencio, Ana; Rudiger, Joshua

    2015-05-01

    The Navy is actively developing diverse optical application areas, including high-energy laser weapons and free- space optical communications, which depend on an accurate and timely knowledge of the state of the atmospheric channel. The Optical Channel Characterization in Maritime Atmospheres (OCCIMA) project is a comprehensive program to coalesce and extend the current capability to characterize the maritime atmosphere for all optical and infrared wavelengths. The program goal is the development of a unified and validated analysis toolbox. The foundational design for this program coordinates the development of sensors, measurement protocols, analytical models, and basic physics necessary to fulfill this goal.

  11. Language Characteristics and Written Requirements of the Maritime English Correspondence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, Jiang; Zhao, Zhenhua

    2011-01-01

    Aiming at the requirements of the maritime English correspondence, the language characteristics of the maritime English correspondence are analyzed in this article, and the factors influencing the written skills of the maritime English correspondence are discussed, and the principles of "7C" including the courtesy, the consideration, the…

  12. 32 CFR 536.120 - Claims payable as maritime claims.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Claims payable as maritime claims. 536.120 Section 536.120 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY CLAIMS AND ACCOUNTS CLAIMS AGAINST THE UNITED STATES Maritime Claims § 536.120 Claims payable as maritime claims. A claim is cognizable under this subpart if...

  13. 32 CFR 536.119 - Scope for maritime claims.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Scope for maritime claims. 536.119 Section 536.119 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY CLAIMS AND ACCOUNTS CLAIMS AGAINST THE UNITED STATES Maritime Claims § 536.119 Scope for maritime claims. The AMCSA applies worldwide and includes claims that arise on...

  14. 29 CFR 2530.200b-6 - Maritime industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 9 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Maritime industry. 2530.200b-6 Section 2530.200b-6 Labor... Provisions § 2530.200b-6 Maritime industry. (a) General. Sections 202(a)(3)(D), 203(b)(2)(D) and 204(b)(3)(E... provisions applicable to the maritime industry. In general, those provisions permit statutory standards...

  15. Le système d’identification automatique (AIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arnaud Serry

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Le système automatique d’identification (AIS des navires est un outil destiné à accroitre la sécurité de la navigation et l’efficacité de la gestion du trafic maritime. Son utilisation renforce à la fois la sécurité et la sureté maritime. Ses apports sont indéniables malgré quelques carences et limites techniques. Cet article présente les apports et les utilisations de la technologie AIS à l’origine d’une importante manne d’informations riches pour l’étude et la compréhension des circulations maritimes, spécialement pour la communauté scientifique ou les acteurs portuaires. Cet état de l’art est réalisé dans le cadre de la mise en œuvre d’une plateforme permettant de reconstituer les itinéraires des navires en utilisant les signaux AIS.

  16. Le roi est mort!: Vive le roi?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Urias Arantes

    1992-12-01

    Full Text Available Ce texte examine critiquement les points d'appui et propos philosophiques du projet culturel néomoderne (Habermas, Roùanet, interroge le lien avoué entre modernité et néomodernisme, le débat de celui-ci avec les irrationalismes post-modernes, explicite préssuppositions et inconsistances du projet néomoderne ainsi que ce que le néomodernisme laisse dans l'ombre dans son rachat de la modernité et ce que par conséquent il ne peut pas penser. Sous le fil conducteur de la critique du néomodernisme, on a souligné une sorte de "fuite en avant" qui serait le destin commun des intellectuels brésiliens, la possibilité et la limite de leur existence sociale.

  17. China's Maritime Frontiers and the Global System%China's Maritime Frontiers and the Global System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Junhong

    2012-01-01

    According to the concept of the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) set out -in the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, the "Maritime Frontier" of China can be defined as extending 200 nautical miles from its coastal baseline. According to the UN principles regarding the "continental shelf," the "Maritime Frontier" of China can be further extended up to 350 nautical miles from the coastal baseline.

  18. Les TIC et la surveillance des zones maritimes sensibles. Penser globalement, agir localement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mélanie Fournier

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Que peuvent avoir en commun la géopolitique de l’information, la géopolitique de l’illicite et la surveillance maritime ? Flux, territoires et puissances. Les espaces maritimes sont des espaces d’interactions, réduits à l’échelle portuaire ou étendus à celle de vastes portions du globe terrestre. Ils mettent en relation des flux et des réseaux d’informations commerciaux, civils et militaires, ainsi que des réseaux illégaux. Même si les systèmes d’information modifient depuis quelques décennies l’espace géographique et ont permis d’accélérer la prise de décision1, lele de l’information dans un conflit n’est pas nouveau (alerte, décryptage, brouillage, paralysie ou destruction des infrastructures adverses, déstabilisation…. Néanmoins d’un point de vue technique les industriels ont amorcé aujourd’hui la tendance des solutions dites intégrées. La gestion de crise et la connaissance en temps réel de la situation de surface2 ne sont plus cloisonnées mais traitées au sein d’un système de surveillance plus global dans le but de prévenir et de lutter contre les risques et menaces qui transcendent les espaces. Après avoir introduit ces évolutions majeures, cet article tirera les leçons de deux études de cas que l’auteur a étudié en détail (Caraïbes, Méditerranée.

  19. 75 FR 70962 - California Green Trade Corridor Transportation Investment Generating Economic Recovery (TIGER)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-19

    ... Recovery (TIGER) AGENCY: Department of Transportation, Maritime Administration. ACTION: Notice of... Generating Economic Recovery (TIGER) grant. An environmental assessment (EA) and FONSI have been...

  20. Analysis of Maritime Mobile Satellite Communication Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-12-01

    Communications and Surveil- lance, IEE, Conference publication n.95, 13-15 Mar. 1973. 2. Y. Karasawa and T. Shiokawa , Characteristics of L-Band Multipath Fading... Shiokawa . Analysis of M-ultipath Fading due to Sea Suface Scattering in Maritime Satellite Communication, Technical Group on Antennas and Propagation. IECE

  1. Maritime Domain Awareness: A Waterfront View

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-10-27

    Foreign Intelligence Collection • Illegal Fishing • Drug Smuggling • Pollution • Illegal Immigration • Unauthorized Research • Whale , Seabird Protection...Oil Industry Monitoring • Eco- tourism & Arctic Sightings • Maritime Interdiction Operations • Search and Rescue “Sum Up” • The more we try to progress

  2. Preventing Maritime Transfer of Toxigenic Vibrio cholerae

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slaten, Douglas D.; Marano, Nina; Tappero, Jordan W.; Wellman, Michael; Albert, Ryan J.; Hill, Vincent R.; Espey, David; Handzel, Thomas; Henry, Ariel; Tauxe, Robert V.

    2012-01-01

    Organisms, including Vibrio cholerae, can be transferred between harbors in the ballast water of ships. Zones in the Caribbean region where distance from shore and water depth meet International Maritime Organization guidelines for ballast water exchange are extremely limited. Use of ballast water treatment systems could mitigate the risk for organism transfer. PMID:23017338

  3. 75 FR 29395 - National Maritime Day, 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-26

    ... risen to the challenges before them and worked to meet our country's needs in times of peace and war alike. On National Maritime Day, we recognize the men and women of the United States Merchant Marine for their contributions to America's leadership in the global marketplace, and to our security. Civilian...

  4. Maritime drug interdiction in international law

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kruit, P.J.J. van der

    2007-01-01

    The study focuses on the interdiction of trafficking in illicit drugs at sea as one part of the general problem of illicit drug trafficking. More specifically, the study focuses on the legal framework for the interdiction of illicit maritime drug trafficking under international law. Firstly, the gen

  5. Maritime drug interdiction in international law

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kruit, P.J.J. van der

    2007-01-01

    The study focuses on the interdiction of trafficking in illicit drugs at sea as one part of the general problem of illicit drug trafficking. More specifically, the study focuses on the legal framework for the interdiction of illicit maritime drug trafficking under international law. Firstly, the gen

  6. Maritime drug interdiction in international law

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kruit, P.J.J. van der

    2007-01-01

    The study focuses on the interdiction of trafficking in illicit drugs at sea as one part of the general problem of illicit drug trafficking. More specifically, the study focuses on the legal framework for the interdiction of illicit maritime drug trafficking under international law. Firstly, the

  7. CORE COMPETENCES OF PIRACY AND MARITIME TERRORISM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Piotr Gawliczek

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The intensity of the attacks, the level of violence, the scale of destruction in the maritime areas forces creation of certain security conditions. Recognizing the enemy - piracy and maritime terrorism - by identifying their resources, skills and competences is necessary action in building the safety of vessels and maritime infrastructure. Building competence of terrorist organization and maritime piracy requires the involvement of many interrelated resources and their proper coordination. It seems that, as in a business model, in these criminal organizations there are similar resources, skills and competences that determine the advantage and strategic value of the organization. However, the weight of each factor is different. The same assumption can be related to piracy and the activities of the terrorist organization at sea. The results of the study suggest that the main sources of success of analyzed criminal organizations generate harm for national security. In the case of piracy, they result from the following spheres: human capital, attributable to the skills capital; structural capital, belonging to innovation capital; relational capital, depending on customers' capital. As for terrorist activities, they stem from the spheres of: human capital, belonging to social capital; structural capital, attributable to the process capital; relational capital and determined by capital of standing out. In summary, this article is intended to show a terrorist organization and maritime piracy through the prism of resources theory, skills and competences of strategic management. As one of the first, it places many questions, formulate some theses in the area of competences of organizations. Answering the questions, verification of posed theses, requires also in-depth research that will be published in subsequent works.

  8. Le Valais bilingue

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mathieu Petite

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Le Valais est l’un des trois cantons bilingues de la Suisse. 63 % de sa population parle le français dans la partie ouest du canton et 28 % l’allemand dans sa partie est. Ce « plurilinguisme de juxtaposition » (pour reprendre le terme d’André-Louis Sanguin dans sa Géographie politique de la Suisse soulève des questions politiques et sociales qu’ambitionne de traiter l’ouvrage des linguistes Iwar Werlen, Verena Tunger et Ursula Frei. Le constat auquel aboutit cette recherche sur le bilinguism...

  9. An introduction to the Research Innovation and Knowledge Management Roadmap for the South African Maritime Sector

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Funke, Nicola S

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES & ACTIONS We have a maritime culture and recognise and learn from our maritime history 1 Foster national maritime pride 3 Develop and communicate a co-authored discourse on South Africa’s maritime history 2 Support maritime historical... and training facilities 6 Build and retain skills in the maritime sector 2 Support and develop maritime-focused technology and innovation 7 OBJECTIVES & ACTIONS Conduct humanities and social science research on pertinent issues 3 Create knowledge...

  10. Faster and more efficient [maritime technology in Japan]; Hoe sneller hoe zuiniger [maritieme technologie in Japan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stroeks, R.

    2010-01-15

    By means of technological innovations marine superpower Japan anticipates a growing market for sea ships that are both fast and efficient. The combinations of fast and efficient offers Japan large benefits. Next to political motives for reducing greenhouse gas emissions, fuel savings also mean lower costs and smaller dependency on foreign energy sources. Moreover, the maritime transport sector is positioning itself as a better alternative for road and air transport and the international competitive position of Japan on the maritime market is strengthened. [Dutch] Met technologische vernieuwingen anticipeert marinegrootmacht Japan op een groeiende markt voor zeeschepen die tegelijkertijd snel en zuinig zijn. Voor Japan levert de combinatie van snel en zuinig grote voordelen op. Naast politieke motieven om de emissie van broeikasgassen terug te dringen, betekent brandstofbesparing lagere kosten en minder afhankelijkheid van buitenlandse energiebronnen. Daarnaast positioneert de maritieme transportsector zich beter als alternatief voor weg- en luchttransport en versterkt de internationale concurrentiepositie van Japan op de maritieme markt.

  11. Le temps en images

    CERN Document Server

    Callender, Craig

    2014-01-01

    Qu'est-ce que le temps ? Le célèbre philosophe du Ve siècle, St Augustin, a dit qu'il savait ce qu'était le temps, tant que personne ne le lui demandait... Le temps est-il une quatrième dimension similaire à l'espace ou s'écoule-t-il dans un certain sens ? Et si le temps passe, est-il sensé de dire à quelle vitesse ? Est-ce que l'avenir existe ? Voyager dans le temps est-il possible ? Ce livre aborde ces questions et d'autres parmi les plus profondes et plus subtiles que l'on puisse se poser sur cette notion essentielle dans notre vie.

  12. 78 FR 49752 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations and Terminations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-15

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations and Terminations The Commission gives notice that... valid bond. License No.: 018716N. Name: Transporte Medrano Inc. Address: 134 North Franklin...

  13. 77 FR 42312 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-18

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocations The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant to... bond. LICENSE NUMBER: 023327N. NAME: G & F West Indies Shipping, Inc. ADDRESS: 1416 Blue Hill...

  14. A National Maritime Salvage Response Organization: The Key to Timely Opening of America’s Ports and Waterways

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-04-01

    Environmental Assessment be completed. To the disbelief of some, a fourth and final suspension of the 24-hour requirement was published in February 2007...drafting the port security measures included in the Maritime Transportation Security Act of 2002.92 On January 12, 2004, a third such suspension of

  15. Descente du dernier dipôle supraconducteur 16 avril 2009

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN audiovisual service

    2009-01-01

    Depuis le 14 novembre 2008, il y a eu 54 aimants remontés et redescendus dans le secteur 3-4, 1 aimant dans le secteur 1-2 et 1 aimant dans le secteur 6-7. Pour la descente du dernier dipôle supraconducteur du 16 avril 2009, Pascal Brunero, surveillant des travaux dans le groupe EN/HE en charge du transport et de la manutention, a répondu à un interview pour le bulletin.

  16. Remembering the Sea: Personal and Communal Recollections of Maritime Life in Jizan and the Farasan Islands, Saudi Arabia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agius, Dionisius A.; Cooper, John P.; Semaan, Lucy; Zazzaro, Chiara; Carter, Robert

    2016-08-01

    People create narratives of their maritime past through the remembering and forgetting of seafaring experiences, and through the retention and disposal of maritime artefacts that function mnemonically to evoke or suppress those experiences. The sustenance and reproduction of the resulting narratives depends further on effective media of intergenerational transmission; otherwise, they are lost. Rapid socio-economic transformation across Saudi Arabia in the age of oil has disrupted longstanding seafaring economies in the Red Sea archipelago of the Farasan Islands, and the nearby mainland port of Jizan. Vestiges of wooden boatbuilding activity are few; long-distance dhow trade with South Asia, the Arabian-Persian Gulf and East Africa has ceased; and a once substantial pearling and nacre (mother of pearl) collection industry has dwindled to a tiny group of hobbyists: no youth dive today. This widespread withdrawal from seafaring activity among many people in these formerly maritime-oriented communities has diminished the salience of such activity in cultural memory, and has set in motion narrative creation processes, through which memories are filtered and selected, and objects preserved, discarded, or lost. This paper is a product of the encounter of the authors with keepers of maritime memories and objects in the Farasan Islands and Jizan. An older generation of men recall memories of their experiences as boat builders, captains, seafarers, pearl divers and fishermen. Their recounted memories are inscribed, and Arabic seafaring terms recorded. The extent of the retention of maritime material cultural items as memorials is also assessed, and the rôle of individual, communal and state actors in that retention is considered. Through this reflection, it becomes clear that the extra-biological memory and archive of the region's maritime past is sparse; that intergenerational transmission is failing; that the participation of state agencies in maritime heritage creation

  17. Arctic Marine Transportation Program 1979-1986

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The purpose of this program was to collect data relevant to developing year-round transportation capabilities in the Arctic Ocean. The US Maritime Administration...

  18. High pressure long distance pipelines: technical - economic analysis; Les conduites a haute pression pour le transport a grande distance de gaz naturel: analyse technico-economique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Donati, E.; Ercolani, D. [Snamprogetti (Italy)

    2000-07-01

    Over the second half of the Nineties, Snamprogetti and Snam, with the cooperation of ENI Divisione Agip, Saipem and EniTecnologie, have been working for a new concept of long distance (LD) transportation of natural gas via cross country pipelines, based on high pressure (HP) larger than the traditional 7.5 to 10 MPa, here called low pressure (LP), and advanced technologies. This paper describes the economic advantages of the new long distance high pressure (LDHP) gas transportation concept, in terms of investment and operating costs; the findings of the application of a mathematical model developed for the determination of the optimum pipe diameter and number of compression stations for both HP and LP alternatives are discussed. The economic comparison, referred to a representative case i.e. a transmission system of 5,000 km for a specified transport capacity of 15 to 30 x 10{sup 9} Sm{sup 3}/y, shows that the competitiveness of LDHP transportation increases with the increase of the flow rates, reaching a very remarkable advantage for quantities exceeding 10 x 10{sup 9} Sm{sup 3}/y. At present ENI Group companies are engaged in further development focused on the application of high grade steels (X-100), and aiming at obtaining further cost reduction while both ensuring the required system reliability and meeting the specified safety requirements. (authors)

  19. Cargo work for maritime operations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    House, D.

    2005-07-01

    Previously published as Kemp & Young's Cargo Work, this new edition has been revised and expanded to reflect unit load containerised systems that are now used in the majority of cargo shipping, while retaining the necessary detail on transporting key classes of cargoes safely, efficiently and profitably. The book covers general principles and the latest international regulations that affect all cargo work, including cargo types and key characteristics of a wide range of cargo classes. It also details Roll On-Roll Off cargo handling, containerisation, equipment and offshore supply. Chapter 4 on bulk cargoes contains a section headed: Coal, characteristics, categories and procedures, precautions.

  20. 33 CFR 103.505 - Elements of the Area Maritime Security (AMS) Plan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Security (AMS) Plan. 103.505 Section 103.505 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY MARITIME SECURITY MARITIME SECURITY: AREA MARITIME SECURITY Area Maritime Security (AMS) Plan § 103.505 Elements of the Area Maritime Security (AMS) Plan. The AMS Plan should address...

  1. Global Maritime Networks. The case of Maersk

    OpenAIRE

    FREMONT, A

    2007-01-01

    Two contrasting approaches to the provision of maritime services are frequently presented: one based on direct port to port services, the other characterised by a hub and spoke network. We demonstrate there is no contradiction between these two models, that in fact they are complementary. Integrating direct services with a hub structure is necessary for assuring a wider geographical coverage. The complementarity is explained by analysing the world's largest container shipping line, Maersk, wh...

  2. Human Factors Plan for Maritime Safety

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-02-01

    HUMAN FACTORS ISSUES IN THE MARITIME ENVIRONMENT .............. 13 2. 1 DEFINITION OF HUMAN FACTORS ISSUES ........................ 13 2.2 CONTENT...The dotted line around the human factors technical basis in Figure 1 signifies that it needs to be developed. Safety data Accidents ) Definition of...and activity surveys, but met with some resistance from the ship personnel, and so little quntitative data was available from this study. Subjective

  3. Les investissements dans le secteur des transports: L'évaluation de l'optimisation des ressources par l'Office national d'audit

    OpenAIRE

    Barker, Geraldine; Beardsley, Grace; Parsons, Annie

    2014-01-01

    The UK National Audit Office (NAO) scrutinises public spending on behalf of Parliament, helping it to hold government departments to account and helping public bodies improve performance and delivery. We publish around 60 value for money studies each year across a range of government activities, of which, around three of these usually cover transport topics. Our reports look at how government projects, programmes and initiatives have been implemented and make recommendations on how it can be ...

  4. INMARSAT - The International Maritime Satellite Organization: Origins and structure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doyle, S. E.

    1977-01-01

    The third session of the International Conference on the Establishment of an International Maritime Satellite System established the International Maritime Satellite Organization (INMARSAT) in 1976. Its main functions are to improve maritime communications via satellite, thereby facilitating more efficient emergency communications, ship management, and maritime public correspondence services. INMARSAT's aims are similar to those of the Intergovernmental Maritime Consultative Organization (IMCO), the main United Nations organization dealing with maritime affairs. The specific functions of INMARSAT have been established by an Intersessional Working Group (IWG) which met three times between general conference meetings. Initial investment shares for the creation of INMARSAT were shared by the United States (17%), the United Kingdom (12%), the U.S.S.R. (11%), Norway (9.50%), Japan (8.45%), Italy (4.37%), and France (3.50%).

  5. Un siècle de chantiers d’églises en Charente-Maritime

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yves Blomme

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Durant le XXe siècle, les chantiers d’églises suivent en Charente-Maritime une évolution que l’on pourrait retrouver en maints autres diocèses français. Une fois passés de mode les styles néo-gothique et néoroman, la modernité éclate dans l’entre-deux-guerres, avec une église très Art déco à La Rochelle. Puis ce sont les réparations des ruines causées par la guerre, illustrées surtout par Notre-Dame de Royan. Dans les années 1950 et 1960, de nombreux lieux de culte, souvent modestes, voient le jour. Le mouvement s’arrête brusquement en 1971. Il reprendra cependant à la fin du siècle au travers de deux ou trois réalisations marquées par ce qu’on a appelé la post-modernité.During the XXth century, the construction sites of churches follow in Charente-Maritime an evolution which we could find in many other French dioceses. Once past the neogothic and neo-Romanic styles, the modernity bursts in the interwar period with a church very « art deco » in La Rochelle. Then they are the repairs of ruins caused by the war, illustrated especially by Notre-Dame de Royan. In the 1950s and 1960s, numerous places of worship, often modest, are born. The movement stops abruptly in 1971. It will resume however at the end of the century through two or three realizations marked by what we called the post-modernity.

  6. Resolution of the neutron transport equation by massively parallel computer in the Cronos code; Resolution sur ordinateur parallele de l`equation de transport en approximation dans le code Cronos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zardini, D.M.

    1996-12-31

    The feasibility of neutron transport problems parallel resolution by CRONOS code`s SN module is here studied. In this report we give the first data about the parallel resolution by angular variable decomposition of the transport equation. Problems about parallel resolution by spatial variable decomposition and memory stage limits are also explained here. (author). 9 refs.

  7. 32 CFR 537.16 - Scope for maritime claims.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Scope for maritime claims. 537.16 Section 537.16 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY CLAIMS AND ACCOUNTS CLAIMS ON BEHALF OF THE UNITED STATES § 537.16 Scope for maritime claims. The Army Maritime Claims Settlement Act (10 U.S.C. 4803-4804) applies...

  8. The iconographic evidence for maritime activities in the middle ages

    OpenAIRE

    Flatman, J. C.

    2004-01-01

    The analysis of maritime scenes in medieval illuminated manuscripts has a long established history dating back to the 19th century. Manuscript illuminations have been used in particular to analyse specific details such as shipping and sea life. But what of the broader picture of the maritime world? Depictions of the maritime environment survive in great number in illuminated manuscripts, and offer an insight into the contemporary perception of this distinctive locale. This broader perspective...

  9. Modèle multi-échelle du transport de fluide dans un milieu poreux chargé avec échanges cationiques : application aux tissus osseux

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaiser, Joanna; Lemaire, Thibault; Naili, Salah; Sansalone, Vittorio

    2009-11-01

    To better understand the bone diseases, many models of porous cortical bone have been developed to simulate its in vivo behaviour. Thus we proposed multiscale models including multiphysical phenomena governing the hydraulic response of bone. However, all these models neglected the possible ionic exchanges at the cellular level. Since such chemical reactions directly change the physico-chemical properties of the tissue, the interstitial flow is also modified. The aim of this study is so to include these ionic exchanges in the bone fluid transport description by deriving their consequences at the macroscale. To cite this article: J. Kaiser et al., C. R. Mecanique 337 (2009).

  10. Maritime Laser Scanning as the Source for Spatial Data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Szulwic Jakub

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The rapid development of scanning technology, especially mobile scanning, gives the possibility to collect spatial data coming from maritime measurement platforms and autonomous manned or unmanned vehicles. Presented solution is derived from the mobile scanning. However we should keep in mind that the specificity of laser scanning at sea and processing collected data should be in the form acceptable in Geographical Information Systems, especially typical for the maritime needs. At the same time we should be aware that data coming from maritime mobile scanning constitutes a new approach to the describing of maritime environment and brings a new perspective that is completely different than air and terrestrial scanning.

  11. Characteristics and triage of a maritime disaster: an accidental passenger ship collision in Korea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryu, Ji Ho; Yeom, Seok Ran; Jeong, Jin Woo; Kim, Yong In; Cho, Suck Ju

    2010-06-01

    The aim of this study was to analyze the characteristics of and responses to a maritime disaster, by reviewing the events surrounding the accidental collision of a high-speed passenger ship in South Korea. Of the 215 boarded passengers on a high-speed passenger ship sailing from Fukuoka to Busan, we retrospectively examined information of 114 victims of the ship's collision with a whale on 12 April 2007. We referenced reports from the on-site disaster medical assistance team members; recorded notifications to the Busan 1339 Emergency Medical Information Centre, from the scene of the accident and data from the ship's insurer. The 114 victims were transported to 20 different hospitals. Many patients were transported to nearby local hospitals from the scene of the accident; other patients were transported to more distant hospitals. Eighty-five patients were transported to hospitals through mobile emergency support units, whereas the other patients were transported directly by fire officers from the 119 Fire Officer Centre. One patient died in the transport. In conclusion, our national emergency medical service and disaster response system each suffer from many problems - especially a lack of cooperation among related departments and insufficient communication therein. The onboard planning and practice of a disaster plan is required, and a reliable information system between the scene of a maritime disaster and our emergency medical service system should be developed.

  12. 76 FR 55732 - Public Listening Sessions Regarding the Maritime Administration's Panama Canal Expansion Study...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-08

    ... Maritime Administration Public Listening Sessions Regarding the Maritime Administration's Panama Canal Expansion Study and the America's Marine Highway Program AGENCY: Maritime Administration, DOT. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The purpose of this notice is to announce a series of public listening sessions...

  13. Importance of space-time fluctuations and non-linearities for the transport inside insulating glasses; Importance des fluctuations spatio-temporelles et des non linearites pour le transport dans les verres isolants

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ladieu, F

    2003-07-01

    This work deals with transport in insulating glasses. In such solids, the discrete translational symmetry is lost, which means that the plane wave analysis is not a priori the right 'starting point'. As a result, the transport is more difficult to handle, and a huge amount of works have been devoted to many aspects of transport in disordered systems, especially since the seventies. Here we focus on three specific questions: (i) the heat transport in glasses submitted to micro-beams and the associated irreversible vaporization; (ii) the electronic d.c. transport, below 1 Kelvin, in Mott-Anderson insulators, i.e. in 'electron glasses' where both disorder and electron-electron interactions are relevant; (iii) the low frequency dielectric constant in 'structural glasses' (i.e. 'ordinary glasses') which, below 1 Kelvin, is both universal (i.e. independent on the chemical composition) and very different of that of crystals. For each topic, we present both original experiments and the new theoretical concepts that we have elaborated so as to understand the main experimental features. Eventually, it appears that, in any case, transport in insulating glasses is strongly dominated by quite a small part of the 'glass-applied field' ensemble and that the nonlinear response is a relevant tool to get informations on this 'sub-part' which dominates the transport in the whole system. (author)

  14. Importance of the fine structure in a tokamak for the abnormal transport and the internal disruptions; Importance de la structure magnetique fine dans un Tokamak pour le transport anormal et les disruptions internes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sabot, R.

    1996-02-28

    The problem of energy transport in a Tokamak, in presence of magnetic islets, has been treated by decomposing this problem in different bricks. To assembly the different bricks the model of dynamic percolation, which couples by the intermediate of scattering coefficient, the activity of transport sites (islets size) to the profile of transported quantity (temperature profile) has been chosen. The results, got with this model, results connected to the hypothesis of a limited number of islets, agree with the different observations. A possible application of this model could be the exploration of different operating conditions of Tokamak and a research of improved confinement running. (N.C.). 149 refs., 85 figs.

  15. From Politicization to Securitization of Maritime Security in the Gulf of Guinea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Piedade João

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available EU’s Energy security and trade depend, to a large extent, on sea-based transport relying on open sea lines of communication and Maritime Security. The Gulf of Guinea (GoG region has supplied 13 per cent of oil and six per cent of total EU28 consumption. Between 2003 and January 2015, piracy in the GoG accounted for 31 per cent of attacks (616 of 1,965 in African waters. With that proportion on the rise and a growing threat related to Piracy, illegal over-fishing and crude oil theft; maritime (insecurity in the region is attracting attention from regional and international governments and bodies.

  16. DANS LE CONTEXTE IVOIRIEN

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    LA RELATION "GENRE" ET SES IMPLICATIONS SOCIOLOGIQUES. DANS LE CONTEXTE IVOIRIEN ... de base et de la gestion des affaires publiques en milieu rural .... Les raisons économiques; du fait du faible pouvoir d'achat des parents face au ..... cause de rupture du contrat, toute femme a le droit de suspendre son.

  17. Avant le crime politique

    OpenAIRE

    Fell, Claude; Rutés, Sébastien

    2015-01-01

    La créativité récente dans le sous-genre policier au Mexique, que l’on appelle « néo-policier » favorise la mise en valeur des romans et nouvelles à caractère policier qui n’avaient pas dans ce pays le développement éditorial pris aux Etats-Unis. Le crime et l’enquête policière ont des composantes de fiction qui ne s’inscrivent pas dans le profil conventionnel du roman de détective. Des œuvres de plusieurs écrivains marquent cette évolution vers le néo-policier.Dans Ensayo de un crimen (1986)...

  18. Avant le crime politique

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    La créativité récente dans le sous-genre policier au Mexique, que l’on appelle « néo-policier » favorise la mise en valeur des romans et nouvelles à caractère policier qui n’avaient pas dans ce pays le développement éditorial pris aux Etats-Unis. Le crime et l’enquête policière ont des composantes de fiction qui ne s’inscrivent pas dans le profil conventionnel du roman de détective. Des œuvres de plusieurs écrivains marquent cette évolution vers le néo-policier.Dans Ensayo de un crimen (1986)...

  19. ŞEHİR İÇİ DENİZYOLU ULAŞIMINDA MÜŞTERİLERİN HİZMET ALGISI VE MEMNUNİYETİ: BİR UYGULAMA - CUSTOMER’S PERCEPTION OF SERVICE AND SATISFACTION IN MARITIME TRANSPORT IN THE CITY: AN APPLICATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustafa KARADENİZ

    2014-07-01

    -demographic characteristics to ensure customer satisfaction.In this study, we focused on logistics, transportation, maritime transportation in the city, the conceptof service, and customer satisfaction in literature. Provided general information about Istanbul Sehir Hatlari.In the application part of the study, 396 customers who use Istanbul Sehir Hatları participated and thedata collection method used is questionnaire. (After questionnaires recovered, frequence analysis, reliabilityanalysis, factor analysis, t-tests, Anova, corelation analysis and regression analysis were used respectively.The results and findings of the research were examined.

  20. Approaches to China's Current Maritime Disputes%Approaches to China's Current Maritime Disputes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Zaibang

    2012-01-01

    China is one of the largest Asian countries, sharing land borders with 14 countries and sea borders with 6 countries. It has a 22,000-kilometer land border, an 18,000-kilometer mainland coastline and a 14,000-kiolmeter island coastline. Maritime frontiers have a great impact on the national security of China and its relations with neighboring countries.

  1. When Did the Swahili Become Maritime?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fleisher, Jeffrey; Lane, Paul; LaViolette, Adria; Horton, Mark; Pollard, Edward; Quintana Morales, Eréndira; Vernet, Thomas; Christie, Annalisa; Wynne-Jones, Stephanie

    2015-01-01

    In this article, we examine an assumption about the historic Swahili of the eastern African coast: that they were a maritime society from their beginnings in the first millennium C.E. Based on historical and archaeological data, we suggest that, despite their proximity to and use of the sea, the level of maritimity of Swahili society increased greatly over time and was only fully realized in the early second millennium C.E. Drawing on recent theorizing from other areas of the world about maritimity as well as research on the Swahili, we discuss three arenas that distinguish first- and second-millennium coastal society in terms of their maritime orientation. These are variability and discontinuity in settlement location and permanence; evidence of increased engagement with the sea through fishing and sailing technology; and specialized architectural developments involving port facilities, mosques, and houses. The implications of this study are that we must move beyond coastal location in determining maritimity; consider how the sea and its products were part of social life; and assess whether the marine environment actively influences and is influenced by broader patterns of sociocultural organization, practice, and belief within Swahili and other societies. [maritime, fishing and sailing, long-distance trade, Swahili, eastern Africa] RESUMEN En este artículo, evaluamos la hipótesis de que los pueblos Swahili de la costa oriental africana fueron una sociedad marítima a partir del primer milenio E.C. Basados en información histórica y arqueológica, proponemos que la asociación de la sociedad Swahili con el mar incrementó considerablemente con el tiempo y se manifestó de una forma significativa particularmente desde principios del segundo milenio E.C. Utilizando teorías recientes sobre maritimidad en otras áreas del mundo, así como investigaciones sobre los Swahili, discutimos tres temas que marcan las diferencias del nivel de orientación marítima de

  2. Possibilities of Uas for Maritime Monitoring

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klimkowska, A.; Lee, I.; Choi, K.

    2016-06-01

    In the last few years, Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) have become more important and its use for different application is appreciated. At the beginning UAS were used for military purposes. These successful applications initiated interest among researchers to find uses of UAS for civilian purposes, as they are alternative to both manned and satellite systems in acquiring high-resolution remote sensing data at lower cost while long flight duration. As UAS are built from many components such as unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), sensing payloads, communication systems, ground control stations, recovery and launch equipment, and supporting equipment, knowledge about its functionality and characteristics is crucial for missions. Therefore, finding appropriate configuration of all elements to fulfill requirements of the mission is a very difficult, yet important task. UAS may be used in various maritime applications such as ship detection, red tide detection and monitoring, border patrol, tracking of pollution at sea and hurricane monitoring just to mention few. One of the greatest advantages of UAV is their ability to fly over dangerous and hazardous areas, where sending manned aircraft could be risky for a crew. In this article brief description of aerial unmanned system components is introduced. Firstly characteristics of unmanned aerial vehicles are presented, it continues with introducing inertial navigation system, communication systems, sensing payloads, ground control stations, and ground and recovery equipment. Next part introduces some examples of UAS for maritime applications. This is followed by suggestions of key indicators which should be taken into consideration while choosing UAS. Last part talks about configuration schemes of UAVs and sensor payloads suggested for some maritime applications.

  3. POSSIBILITIES OF UAS FOR MARITIME MONITORING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Klimkowska

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available In the last few years, Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS have become more important and its use for different application is appreciated. At the beginning UAS were used for military purposes. These successful applications initiated interest among researchers to find uses of UAS for civilian purposes, as they are alternative to both manned and satellite systems in acquiring high-resolution remote sensing data at lower cost while long flight duration. As UAS are built from many components such as unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV, sensing payloads, communication systems, ground control stations, recovery and launch equipment, and supporting equipment, knowledge about its functionality and characteristics is crucial for missions. Therefore, finding appropriate configuration of all elements to fulfill requirements of the mission is a very difficult, yet important task. UAS may be used in various maritime applications such as ship detection, red tide detection and monitoring, border patrol, tracking of pollution at sea and hurricane monitoring just to mention few. One of the greatest advantages of UAV is their ability to fly over dangerous and hazardous areas, where sending manned aircraft could be risky for a crew. In this article brief description of aerial unmanned system components is introduced. Firstly characteristics of unmanned aerial vehicles are presented, it continues with introducing inertial navigation system, communication systems, sensing payloads, ground control stations, and ground and recovery equipment. Next part introduces some examples of UAS for maritime applications. This is followed by suggestions of key indicators which should be taken into consideration while choosing UAS. Last part talks about configuration schemes of UAVs and sensor payloads suggested for some maritime applications.

  4. Le dernier Wittgenstein et le dernier Husserl sur le langage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul Ricoeur

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available This article presents an edited version of lectures given by Paul Ricœur at Johns Hopkins University in April 1966. Ricœur offers a comparative analysis of Wittgenstein’s and Husserl’s late works, taking the problem of language as the common ground of investigation for these two central figures of phenomenology and analytic philosophy. Ricœur develops his study in two parts. The first part considers Husserl’s approach to language after the Logical Investigations and concentrates on Formal and Transcendental Logic; leaving a transcendental reflection on language behind it re-examines a phenomenological conception, according to which the sphere of logic is not separable from that of experience. The main focus of the second part is Wittgenstein’s later philosophy as it moved on from the conception of an isomorphic relation between language and the world, as set out in the picture theory in the Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus, to the more pragmatic notion of a language-game in the Philosophical Investigations. In order to get beyond the irrevocable differences between the two philosophies and the unresolved theoretical issues on both sides, Ricœur suggests turning to a semiological paradigm based on the Saussurean distinction between “language” and “speaking.” Keyword: Analytic Philosophy, Husserl, Phenomenology, Semiology, Wittgenstein.  Résumé Cet article est une version éditée de conférences données par Paul Ricœur à la Johns Hopkins University en avril 1966. Ricœur propose une analyse comparée des dernières œuvres de Wittgenstein et Husserl, avec le problème du langage comme sol commun d’investigations pour ces deux figures centrales de la phénoménologie et la philosophie analytique. Cette analyse de Ricœur se joue à travers deux parties. La première partie revient sur l'approche du langage chez Husserl depuis Recherches logiques avec une attention particulière aux développements de Logique formelle et

  5. MARD – Maritime Academic Resource Database

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bogumil Laczynski

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available IAMU (International Association of Maritime Universities was established fifteen years ago. For this moment IAMU content close to 60 Members Institution. One of the research activities in years 2012- 2014 was: preparing the algorithm for collect and analyze the necessary information and convert it into Matrix form. Both: IAMU MEMBERS INSTITUTION DATABASE and HUMAN RESOURCE DATABASE include comparison indicators such as academic degree, teaching subjects, qualifications, research experience and so on. In opinion of group of researchers new established database should be very useful and helpful in field of cooperation between IAMU Members Institutions.

  6. Small maritime target detection through false color fusion

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Toet, A.; Wu, T.

    2008-01-01

    We present an algorithm that produces a fused false color representation of a combined multiband IR and visual imaging system for maritime applications. Multispectral IR imaging techniques are increasingly deployed in maritime operations, to detect floating mines or to find small dinghies and swimme

  7. Using Automatic Identification System Technology to Improve Maritime Border Security

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-12-01

    18 Dave Dixon et al., Security Modeling for Maritime Port Defense Resource Allocation ( Aiken , SC: Savannah River National Laboratory, 2010), 3...Maritime Port Defense Resource Allocation. Aiken , SC: Savannah River National Laboratory, 2010. Eggers, William D., and John O’Leary. If We Can Put a

  8. Impact of Seasalt Deposition on Acid Soils in Maritime Regions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Zhen-Hua

    2003-01-01

    The characteristics of seasalt deposition and its impact on acid soils in maritime regions are reviewed. It is pointed out that studies involving the impact of seasalt deposition on acid soils have been concentrated on short-term effects on soil and water acidification. A deep consideration of long-term effects on soil acidification in maritime regions is still needed.

  9. Semi-automatic ontology extension in the maritime domain

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    G. de Vries; V. Malaisé; M. van Someren; P. Adriaans; G. Schreiber

    2008-01-01

    One of the tasks of a maritime safety and security (MSS) system is to map incoming observations in the form of sensor data onto existing maritime domain knowledge. This domain knowledge is modeled in an ontology. The sensor data contains information on ship trajectories, labeled with ship types from

  10. Tumelo le Moruo

    OpenAIRE

    Vuyani S. Vellem

    2015-01-01

    Paleng ya rona batho ba batsho, tumelo ya boKreste e fihlile lefatsheng la rona la Afrika Borwa mmoho le dikgoka tsa ditjhaba tsa boPhirima. BoKreste bo fihlile ka nako ya dintwa tseo mohopolo wa tsona e neng e le ho hapa lefatshe la, batho ba batsho. Ka mantswe amang, rona batho ba batsho, re ile ra qetella re le setjhaba se ileng sa hlolwa, mme lefatshe la rona la nkuwa ka dikgoka. Ka hare ho dikgoka tsena, ho ne ho dutse tumelo ya boKreste. Makgowa a ile are: �A re kwaleng mahlo re rapelen...

  11. Fuel efficiency and fouling control coatings in maritime transport

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindholdt, Asger

    First, this thesis concerns the drag performance of fouling control coatings (FCCs) used to protect hulls on ships against biofouling and, therefore, minimize any drag therefrom. A systematic overview of the literature and description of the experimental methods used to quantify the drag of FCCs...... currently used consists of measuring drag when coatings are newly applied and after static exposure. It was found that the main limitation of this method primarily arises due to incorrect exposure conditions, when compared to larger commercial ships that mainly are moving with few and shorter idle periods...... with a radius of 11.45 cm. The drag performances in the newly applied coating condition and after one month of static immersion in natural seawater were measured using a friction disk machine (FDM). The four best performing coatings were re-examined for their drag performance after an additional 2.5 months...

  12. Combining Speed and Routing Decisions in Maritime Transportation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kontovas, Christos A.; Psaraftis, Harilaos N.; Wen, Min

    We present recent results on the problem of combining ship speed and routing decisions. Speed is a key determinant of the economic and the environmental performance affecting variables such as trip duration, fuel costs, and air emissions, among others. It is seen that inputs such as fuel cost, sh...

  13. Maritime Transportation System Safety – Modeling and Identification

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Przemyslaw Dziula

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The article is showing a concept of critical infrastructure systems’ safety states model. Model construction is basing on: popular technical systems’ safety states models, and notions specified in acts of law and other studies concerning crisis management. Paper is including some concept of proposed model usage possibilities - methods and procedures for estimating unknown basic parameters of safety states transitions process: identifying the distributions of its conditional lifetime at safety states, estimating probabilities of its staying at safety states at the initial moment, probabilities of its transitions between safety states and parameters of the distribution for the description of its conditional lifetimes at safety states.

  14. Combining Speed and Routing Decisions in Maritime Transportation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kontovas, Christos A.; Psaraftis, Harilaos N.; Wen, Min

    We present recent results on the problem of combining ship speed and routing decisions. Speed is a key determinant of the economic and the environmental performance affecting variables such as trip duration, fuel costs, and air emissions, among others. It is seen that inputs such as fuel cost, sh...

  15. Savoirs militaires et modernité urbaine coloniale. Lele des ingénieurs du génie dans la transformation des villes algériennes : le cas d’Oran (1831- 1870)

    OpenAIRE

    Benkada, Saddek

    2013-01-01

    Oran avait été, en raison de son passé d’enclave militaire espagnole, une importante place de guerre conçue sur le modèle européen. Le port de guerre de Mers,el,Kébir constituait un important point d’appui maritime. Stratégiquement, Oran et son port de guerre furent parmi les premiers établissements à être occupés par les troupes françaises en 1831.L’administration civile de la ville et, en particulier, les services techniques constitués par de rares ingénieurs civils sont restés pendant long...

  16. 1999 energy status: efforts are to be made in the residential-tertiary and transportation sectors; Bilan energetique 1999: des efforts necessaires dans le residentiel-tertiaire et les transports

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pierret, Ch

    2000-05-01

    This short paper gives a brief status of the French energy situation in 1999: the energy mastery was globally satisfactory in 1999 but the energy bill, the CO{sub 2} emissions and the energy consumptions in the transportation, residential and tertiary sectors remain worrying. (J.S.)

  17. Le genre et le logiciel libre

    OpenAIRE

    Archambault, Jean-Pierre; Sedooka, Ayuko; Baron, Georges-Louis

    2010-01-01

    Le texte qui suit est fondé sur l'expérience d'une recherche menée sur les femmes et le logiciel libre depuis la fin 2009 auprès de la communauté des acteurs du libre en France. Il ne s'agit pas d'un texte scientifique à proprement parler mais d'une réflexion étayée par une série de contacts et de discussions avec des militants et des praticiens, qui vise à inciter à la discussion et au débat. Il est également fondé sur les résultats d'une enquête quantitative du projet européen PREDIL, port...

  18. Le rythme du silence

    OpenAIRE

    Meschonnic, Henri

    2017-01-01

    1. Pour rompre le silence Dire « rythme du silence », c’est non seulement penser le silence comme langage, et parfois la réalisation maximale du langage, mais aussi parcourir les acceptions de la notion de silence. De ce qui n’est pas dit, ou qu’on est incapable de dire à ce que les mots ne peuvent pas dire, le fameux indicible, mais aussi l’innommable, et la censure, faire silence sur, jusqu’au problème poétique. Il y a aussi une langue de bois du silence. Et aussi le silence de ce qu’on ent...

  19. Le corps chinois

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    Pour le xviiie siècle, le corps est encore une machine harmonique. Cette harmonie, c’est tout à la fois la marque divine à l’intérieur du corps, une loi de nature qui permet d’atteindre au bonheur, et une manière de définir l’état de santé. Le corps semble un appareillage soumis à des lois physiques : l’horloge, la fontaine et particulièrement l’instrument de musique. On trouve cette dernière image dans Bacon, en 1639, pour qui la Nature donne des tempéraments pour le corps, « comme la parfai...

  20. Le Jardin de Fleur

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Ettevõtja Martin Reinsalu osalusel Marokosse kerkiv kuurortide kompleks Le Jardin de Fleur tunnistati CNBC Araabiamaade kinnisvaraarendusprojektide seas Maroko parimaks arendusprojektiks ning parimaks golfiarenduskeskuseks. Projekt toetub araabia arhitektuurile, mida on kombineeritud kaasaegse maroko disainiga

  1. Le Jardin de Fleur

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Ettevõtja Martin Reinsalu osalusel Marokosse kerkiv kuurortide kompleks Le Jardin de Fleur tunnistati CNBC Araabiamaade kinnisvaraarendusprojektide seas Maroko parimaks arendusprojektiks ning parimaks golfiarenduskeskuseks. Projekt toetub araabia arhitektuurile, mida on kombineeritud kaasaegse maroko disainiga

  2. Le pique-nique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Cet ouvrage collectif dirigé par Francine Barthe-Deloizy est le résultat d’une démarche collective (24 auteurs associant des apports impromptus (appelés ici florilèges à un corpus thématique, fruit d’une recherche entreprise dans le cadre d’un atelier organisé par l’Institut Français des Recherches Iraniennes (IFRI, les services d’actions culturelles de l’ambassade de France en Iran et le laboratoire ENEC de l’Université Paris 4 Sorbonne. Le livre entreprend la généalogie d’une pratique qu...

  3. Managing maritime automobile terminals: an approach toward decision-support model for higher productivity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bojan Beškovnik

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The article describes actions and strategies to obtain higher productivity on maritime automobile terminals. The main focus is on elaboration of efficient and effective organizational structure to model and implement short-term, mid-term and long-term strategies. In addition, with an empiric approach we combined the analyses of current findings in important scientific papers and our acknowledgments in practical research of north Adriatic maritime automobile terminals. The main goal is to propose actions towards increasing system's productivity. Based on our research of the north Adriatic maritime automobile terminals and with Lambert's model an in-deep analysis of limiting factors, user's expectations and possibilities for productivity increase has been performed. Moreover, with our acknowledgments a three-level decision-support model is presented. With an adequate model implementation it is possible to efficiently develop and implement different strategies of productivity measurement and productivity increase, especially in the fields of internal transport productivity, entrance/exit truck gates operations and wagon manipulations. According to our observation a significant increase might be achieved in all three fields.

  4. Storicizzare le teorie psicocritiche

    OpenAIRE

    Roberto Talamo

    2015-01-01

    Le teorie psicoanalitiche della letteratura, dopo una fase di alterne fortune, sono oggi praticate da una cerchia di adepti sempre più ristretta. Le nuove koinè critico-teoriche tendono infatti a relegare la dottrina freudiana all’interno di un sapere letterario (e non interpretativo) o a sostituire ad essa strumenti ritenuti più efficaci nella descrizione della sfera del mentale in letteratura (neuroestetica e neuronarratologia). La proposta storiografica che qui si avanza non vuole prendere...

  5. Le faussaire roman

    CERN Document Server

    D'Anna, Gianfranco

    2016-01-01

    À l'aube du XXIe siècle, le monde de la science est sur le point de vivre une révolution. Le jeune physicien allemand Albert Hendrick Thebell, des célèbres laboratoires de recherche B-Labs, à Summit, dans le New Jersey, publie, dans les plus grandes revues scientifiques internationales, une série d'articles dans lesquels il prétend avoir obtenu des résultats extraordinaires qui pourraient révolutionner les bases mêmes de la technologie. Rapidement, la communauté scientifique puis les médias saluent en lui un futur prix Nobel; on compare même son génie à celui d'Albert Einstein. Le progrès scientifique semble avoir franchi une étape décisive, susceptible d'amener un futur meilleur. Mais ces découvertes sont-elles authentiques ? Car pendant ce temps, dans les mêmeslaboratoires, des voix s'élèvent pour contester non seulement les théories de Thebell mais aussi la légitimité même de ses expériences ; certains le soupçonnent d'avoir combiné la plus grande fraude scientifique de tous l...

  6. The TN Gemini: a packing for the transport of wastes coming from the dismantling of nuclear facilities; Le TN Gemini: un emballage de transport pour les dechets technologiques issus de la deconstruction des installations nucleaires

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vuong, J. [TN International, Groupe Areva, Tour Areva, Paris La Defense (France)

    2011-11-15

    The TN Gemini package has been designed by 'TN International' and has been agreed since 1997 as a type-B package with great capacity, its useful dimensions are 4.51 m * 1.84 m * 2.00 m (L*l*h). Its big size enables the TN Gemini package to transport large components with no need to cut them like glove boxes or large parts of contaminated metallic components coming from the dismantling of nuclear facilities. Its great resistance to fire is an asset for transporting wastes releasing inflammable gases. This package has been used intensively in U.K. for the retrieval of PCO (plutonium contaminated objects) from the waste repository of Drigg. (A.C.)

  7. Relativistic electron transport in a solid target: study of heating in the framework of inertial fusion; Transport d'electrons relativistes dans une cible solide: etude du chauffage dans le cadre de l'allumage rapide

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Martinolli, E

    2003-04-15

    This work is dedicated to the study of the energy deposition of fast electrons in matter. This topic is of prime importance for inertial fusion driven by laser since relativistic electrons are produced in laser-matter interaction for a laser operating in ultra-intense regime. This thesis is made up of: a theoretical chapter dealing with the generation and transport of fast electrons, of 2 chapters reporting experimental data obtained with optical and X-rays diagnostics at the laser facilities of LULI in France and RAL in U.K., and of a chapter dedicated to the simulation of electron transport by using a Monte-Carlo code combined to a hybrid collisional-electromagnetic PIC code. A new spectrometer has been designed: the detection of K{alpha} rays coming from a fluorescent layer embedded in the target has allowed us to assess the size of the electron beam and the level of ionisation. (A.C.)

  8. Estimating marine aerosol particle volume and number from Maritime Aerosol Network data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. M. Sayer

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available As well as spectral aerosol optical depth (AOD, aerosol composition and concentration (number, volume, or mass are of interest for a variety of applications. However, remote sensing of these quantities is more difficult than for AOD, as it is more sensitive to assumptions relating to aerosol composition. This study uses spectral AOD measured on Maritime Aerosol Network (MAN cruises, with the additional constraint of a microphysical model for unpolluted maritime aerosol based on analysis of Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET inversions, to estimate these quantities over open ocean. When the MAN data are subset to those likely to be comprised of maritime aerosol, number and volume concentrations obtained are physically reasonable. Attempts to estimate surface concentration from columnar abundance, however, are shown to be limited by uncertainties in vertical distribution. Columnar AOD at 550 nm and aerosol number for unpolluted maritime cases are also compared with Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS data, for both the present Collection 5.1 and forthcoming Collection 6. MODIS provides a best-fitting retrieval solution, as well as the average for several different solutions, with different aerosol microphysical models. The "average solution" MODIS dataset agrees more closely with MAN than the "best solution" dataset. Terra tends to retrieve lower aerosol number than MAN, and Aqua higher, linked with differences in the aerosol models commonly chosen. Collection 6 AOD is likely to agree more closely with MAN over open ocean than Collection 5.1. In situations where spectral AOD is measured accurately, and aerosol microphysical properties are reasonably well-constrained, estimates of aerosol number and volume using MAN or similar data would provide for a greater variety of potential comparisons with aerosol properties derived from satellite or chemistry transport model data. However, without accurate AOD data and prior knowledge of

  9. LE RAPPORT JURIDIQUE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicolae Popa

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Lele du droit en tant qu’organisateur de la vie sociale, dans ses principales relations, ayant comme but de discipliner la conduite des hommes dans leur intersection quotidienne, est tout d’abord relevé – sur le plan abstrait et théorique – par les traits du mécanisme de la réglementation juridique, mécanisme dont le contour est tracé par l’existence du systčme normatif juridique, partie composante (sous-systčme du systčme normatif social. Le mécanisme de la réglementation de la vie sociale par des normes juridiques met en lumičre des aspects des plus variés, marquant l’influence du droit sur la société – aspects surtout juridiques, psychologiques etc. En męme temps, toutefois, lele du droit ne peut pas ętre limité tout simplement ŕ cette influence théorique. Dans sa derničre essence, le droit signifie vie, il offre un cadre spécifique ŕ la vie sociale, étant, dans cette lumičre, le résultat de la traduction, dans un langage technique, des formes et des structures de la vie sociale1. En tant qu’expression de certaines tendances, d’un certain systčme de valeurs, la loi garantit l’ordre, la stabilité sociale, la sécurité juridique. En pénétrant dans le tissu des rapports interhumains, les aspects sociologiques du mécanisme de la réglementation juridique ne peuvent pas échapper ŕ l’analyse. L’étude des rapports juridiques souligne tout justement ces aspects sociologiques, les rapports de droit étant, avant tout, des rapports sociaux, dans lesquels les hommes entrent afin de satisfaire leurs besoins variés, des rapports de coopération et de coexistence.

  10. Maritime DC Microgrids - A Combination of Microgrid Technologies and Maritime Onboard Power System for Future Ships

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jin, Zheming; Savaghebi, Mehdi; Quintero, Juan Carlos Vasquez;

    2016-01-01

    system. Not only frequency-related constraints are eliminated, which allows high-speed smaller generators to be used, but also new fault-tolerant configurations involving power electronics, generation control, as well as smart systemic management. For these reasons, DC power systems become natural...... power supply for a short time, which make the system highly consist with DC microgrids. In this content, it is foreseeable that the advanced research outcomes in the field of DC microgrid are also compatible with maritime onboard power systems. In this paper, DC power architectures, control......DC power distribution system is being considered as an attractive alternative to its traditional AC counterpart in many fields of applications and, in particular, for maritime onboard power systems. The adoption of DC power architecture would bring a broad range of benefits to the onboard power...

  11. 47 CFR 80.469 - Maritime mobile repeater stations in Alaska.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Maritime mobile repeater stations in Alaska. 80... Maritime mobile repeater stations in Alaska. (a) Maritime mobile repeater stations are authorized to extend...) On a secondary basis, maritime mobile repeater stations may be authorized to extend the range of...

  12. BUGISMAKASSAR SEAMANSHIP AND REPRODUCTION OF MARITIME CULTURAL VALUES IN INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Munsi Lampe

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available This article is an initiative to develop the maritime anthropology field of study that up till now is stagnant and tends to be concerned with the surface structure of the maritime cultural phenomena. By application of the concept of reproduction maritime ethos disposition in explaining the navigational experience and maritime interaction of Bugis-Makassar seamen, some of their maritime cultural values can be discovered. Attitudes and main values such as knowledge and navigation skills, adaptation with physical environment and socio-culture, water spatial concept, brave and like adventure, hard working and competitive, honest and trustable, loyal and responsible, openness and freedom, strict to attitude and religious, collectivism, etc. which were applied in the trading and sailing activities of the Bugis-Makassar sailors can be understood as maritime cultural values. Indonesia maritime cultural values of Bugis-Makassar are also in the forms of awareness and diversity of values and relationships between ethnic groups and cultures, love to the country, language unity, and nationality. This article is based on historical annotation of Bugis-Makassar seamenship and field work data from Bira (Bugis region and Paotere (Makassar region conducted in six months (from April to September 2010.

  13. Bayesian networks for maritime traffic accident prevention: benefits and challenges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hänninen, Maria

    2014-12-01

    Bayesian networks are quantitative modeling tools whose applications to the maritime traffic safety context are becoming more popular. This paper discusses the utilization of Bayesian networks in maritime safety modeling. Based on literature and the author's own experiences, the paper studies what Bayesian networks can offer to maritime accident prevention and safety modeling and discusses a few challenges in their application to this context. It is argued that the capability of representing rather complex, not necessarily causal but uncertain relationships makes Bayesian networks an attractive modeling tool for the maritime safety and accidents. Furthermore, as the maritime accident and safety data is still rather scarce and has some quality problems, the possibility to combine data with expert knowledge and the easy way of updating the model after acquiring more evidence further enhance their feasibility. However, eliciting the probabilities from the maritime experts might be challenging and the model validation can be tricky. It is concluded that with the utilization of several data sources, Bayesian updating, dynamic modeling, and hidden nodes for latent variables, Bayesian networks are rather well-suited tools for the maritime safety management and decision-making.

  14. Leveraging Global Maritime Partnerships to Increase Global Security in the Maritime Domain

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-04-04

    Security. (Washington, D.C., 2005), 1-2. 15 David Cordingly and Angus Konstam. The History of Pirates (London: Mercury Books, 2006), 20. 13...complete. Continued coordination with NORTHCOM to work the seam between Mexico and Latin and South America will serve to improve the effective handling of...Ocean: Problems in Maritime Strategy for Modern China. Today’s China Publishing House, 1998. Cordingly, David and Angus Konstam. The History of

  15. Toward an African Maritime Economy: Empowering the African Union to Revolutionize the African Maritime Sector

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    they condemned piracy and expressed concern over toxic dumping and maritime pollution . Through this resolution the ministers called on the AU to assume...AMLEPs (June 2008 and October–November 2008, with Cape Verde; July–September 2009, with Cape Verde, Morocco , Senegal, and Sierra Leone;34 December 2009...with Sierra Leone; and June–August 2010 with Cape Verde, Senegal, Morocco , and Sierra Leone). France has provided cueing support (i.e., surveillance

  16. La justice pénale dans les Alpes-Maritimes et les avorteurs (1939-1944

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Riadh Ben Khalifa

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available L’intensification de la propagande nataliste établissant un lien étroit entre l’avortement et la dénatalité conduit, en juillet 1939, au durcissement de la législation concernant la répression des pratiques abortives. Le régime de Vichy renforce le Code de la famille par des mesures encore plus sévères. En vertu de la loi du 15 février 1942, les « individus qui procurent ou tentent de procurer l’avortement sur une femme enceinte » sont passibles d’être déférés devant le tribunal d’État. Cependant, une étude localisée de la répression des avorteurs par la justice pénale dans les Alpes-Maritimes permet de constater un véritable décalage entre l’idéologie officielle qui appelle à une sanction exemplaire, et des pratiques judiciaires qui paraissent relativement indulgentes. Entre 1941 et 1944, les peines maximales n’ont pas été infligées aux avorteurs par la justice correctionnelle des Alpes-Maritimes : la question du recours à la justice d’exception ne s’est donc pas posée.The development of natalist propaganda, establishing a close link between abortion and the fall in the birthrate, led to stricter legislation concerning the repression of abortion practices in July 1939. The Vichy regime hardened the Family Code through even more repressive measures. In pursuance of the Act of February 15, 1942, "persons who procure or try to procure an abortion on a pregnant woman are liable to be submitted to the State Court". A local study of abortionists’ repression by the Criminal Court of the Alpes-Maritimes, shows there was a gap between official ideology and judicial practices: the first called for exemplary punishment, whereas the second was relatively lenient. Between 1941 and 1944, the Magistrate’s Court of the Alpes-Maritimes did not impose the maximum penalties on abortionists; the use of emergency laws did not arise.

  17. 'Prendre le BIC': Le combat spirituel Congolais et les transformations sociales

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J. Ndaya Tshiteku (Julie)

    2008-01-01

    textabstractLa mondialisation c’est l’intensification des contacts entre les cultures et les formations sociales des différents continents. Elle a été favorisée par le développement rapide des moyens de transport et des technologies de communication sophistiquées, facilitant la diffusion des

  18. Precise Positioning of Ships for Maritime Disasters Prevention Using GPS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ha, J.; Heo, M.; Chun, S.; Park, S.; Cho, D.

    2010-12-01

    Most ships use the marine DGPS (Differential Global Positioning System) service to know position information in the sea. In Korea, the Ministry of Land Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) provides the nationwide DGPS (NDGPS) service to users trying to secure the safety of traffic of ships. The precision of ship position information obtained by the MLTM NDGPS system is about 1-2m. When ships pass through courses under bridges, ship collisions can occur with the bridges because of the few meter-level precision of position information. In this study, as a feasibility test, we estimated positions of ships at sea to predict the collisions between ships and bridges using DGPS, carrier phase DGPS (CDGPS), and precise point positioning (PPP) techniques were used. We conducted ship borne GPS observations in the south sea of Korea. To process the GPS data, GIPSY-OASIS (GPS Inferred Positioning System-Orbit Analysis and Simulation Software) developed by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory and CDGPS MATLAB program developed by Korea Space Research Institute were used. Antenna phase center variations, ocean tidal loading displacements, and azimuthal gradients of the atmosphere were corrected or estimated as standard procedures of high-precision GIPSY-OASIS data processing. As a result, the position precision decreased to decimeter-level with increasing the quantity of motion such as velocity, pitch and roll of the ship and buoys.

  19. Littoral and Coastal Management in Supporting Maritime Security for Realizing Indonesia as World Maritime Axis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brotosusilo, Agus; Wayan Agus Apriana, I.; Agung Satria, Afrizal; Jokopitoyo, Trisasono

    2016-02-01

    The Indonesian under President Joko Widodo has new goal to make Indonesia as the world maritime axis. This is supported by the geographic of Indonesia as the largest archipelagic country where the sea is two-thirds wide among the whole spacious. Indonesia is the world largest archipelagic state. More than two-third of its territory consist of seas. The ecosystem of littoral and coastal has correlative relationship with country development. There is no doubt of physically facts that Indonesian littoral and coastal with total wide of 5.8 million km2 is rich with various natural resources. Therefore, the condition of Indonesia with its world second longest coastline has several comparative advantages. Not only the country has an abundant natural resources, but it also blessed by demographic bonus advantage. The population of Indonesian is the fifth largest in the world which approximately 220 million people and approximately 60 percent among them live at coastal areas. The people in coastal area relies their live from its surrounding natural resource. Hence, most of their life and daily activity is related with the presence of natural resources. The dealing of conflict potential and attention to maritime security are important to be studied as a reference in preparing and facing the government policies that will lead to the development of maritime.

  20. Impact of Transport Costs on International Trade: The Case of Spanish Ceramic Exports

    OpenAIRE

    I. Martínez-Zarzoso; L García-Menéndez; C. Suárez-Burguet

    2003-01-01

    This paper aims to investigate the determinants of maritime and overland transport costs and the role they play in deterring trade across countries. We estimate a transport cost function using data on maritime and overland transport of the ceramic sector (tiles) obtained from interviews held with Spanish logistics operators. We also study the relationship between transport costs and trade and estimate an import demand model for ceramic products. Additionally, we present a discussion on the se...

  1. 75 FR 76466 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-08

    ...-Operating Common Carrier (NVO) and/or Ocean Freight Forwarder (OFF)--Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI... Intermediaries, Federal Maritime Commission, Washington, DC 20573. CIL Freight Inc. (NVO & OFF), 1990 Lakeside...

  2. Effects of Greenshipping to the Maritime Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. A. Ogbonnaya

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available In order to keep focus on the important agenda of sustainability which has lately become an issue of priority, the maritime industry must implement technologies on existing vessels and on those under construction so as to reduce their emissions into the environment. This study examines three potential sources of emission and also identifies a set of emission control measures that are available and could, if fully applied, reduce emission by 19.058%. With the waste heat recovery system, about 2500 kW of energy are saved, thereby increasing the efficiency to 59.11% having about 10.13% gain compared to engines without a waste heat recovery system. It is therefore recommended that the use of waste heat recovery systems should be encouraged on marine vessels to reduce the impact of noxious gasses into the atmosphere.

  3. Maritime route of colonization of Europe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paschou, Peristera; Drineas, Petros; Yannaki, Evangelia; Razou, Anna; Kanaki, Katerina; Tsetsos, Fotis; Padmanabhuni, Shanmukha Sampath; Michalodimitrakis, Manolis; Renda, Maria C.; Pavlovic, Sonja; Anagnostopoulos, Achilles; Stamatoyannopoulos, John A.; Kidd, Kenneth K.; Stamatoyannopoulos, George

    2014-01-01

    The Neolithic populations, which colonized Europe approximately 9,000 y ago, presumably migrated from Near East to Anatolia and from there to Central Europe through Thrace and the Balkans. An alternative route would have been island hopping across the Southern European coast. To test this hypothesis, we analyzed genome-wide DNA polymorphisms on populations bordering the Mediterranean coast and from Anatolia and mainland Europe. We observe a striking structure correlating genes with geography around the Mediterranean Sea with characteristic east to west clines of gene flow. Using population network analysis, we also find that the gene flow from Anatolia to Europe was through Dodecanese, Crete, and the Southern European coast, compatible with the hypothesis that a maritime coastal route was mainly used for the migration of Neolithic farmers to Europe. PMID:24927591

  4. Le modèle basque

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan-Angel PORTUGAL

    1986-12-01

    Full Text Available À l'intérieur du quadrilatère basque se dessine un sous-espace triangulaire dont les sommets sont les capitales provinciales; les côtés délimitent une aire prospère. La localisation de ces trois noyaux résulte d'une décision politico-économique et d'une diffusion de l'industrialisation. Ce triangle est un espace dynamique et attractif, autant dans le domaine de la démographie que du développement économique et industriel.

  5. A maritime roadmap in the cloud

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spoelstra, George

    2013-04-01

    Web mapping has morphed from sharing maps and geospatial information to a geospatial content management system that supports collaboration. The new iteration allows for the publication and sharing with others, as well as the access to rich global base data through cloud services. The European EMODnet initiative provides an excellent showcase to the world what can be achieved today. This presentation will highlight the latest developments on portal and geospatial cloud services as the basis for sharing in a Marine SDI, and how the maritime community can benefit from this right away. Various examples of maritime cloud services (Emodnet, Eye on Earth) will be discussed to illustrate the capabilities provided by these developments. New technologies and especially those dealing with the latest web-trends are easily consumed and applied. This introduces a risk of a series of new services and start-ups all competing for our attention causing the reverse effect of what we try achieve: easier access to collaborative information and better tools to analyze and understand it. Instead we end up looking for a road map. Esri long supports data interoperability and sharing, and understands these challenges. In this presentation we will give an insider's view on Esri's vision for a road map that allows data managers and data users to collaborate effectively using a platform approach, optimizing cloud computing and GIS to allow access from many devices and for many applications. The presentation will conclude by highlighting how this platform can be implemented and utilized, supported by the ocean content initiative, to facilitate collaborative knowledge building, decision making and knowledge management in general in oceanography and ocean sciences.

  6. Tumelo le Moruo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vuyani S. Vellem

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Paleng ya rona batho ba batsho, tumelo ya boKreste e fihlile lefatsheng la rona la Afrika Borwa mmoho le dikgoka tsa ditjhaba tsa boPhirima. BoKreste bo fihlile ka nako ya dintwa tseo mohopolo wa tsona e neng e le ho hapa lefatshe la, batho ba batsho. Ka mantswe amang, rona batho ba batsho, re ile ra qetella re le setjhaba se ileng sa hlolwa, mme lefatshe la rona la nkuwa ka dikgoka. Ka hare ho dikgoka tsena, ho ne ho dutse tumelo ya boKreste. Makgowa a ile are: �A re kwaleng mahlo re rapeleng, rona ra kwala mahlo, mme ha re qeta hore Amen, re bula mahlo, ra fumana lefatshe le nkuwe matsohong a rona ho setse Bibele.� Re ile ra sala le Bibele eo ka yona re lekileng dilemong tse fitileng ho lwana ntwa ya topollo, kapa tokoloho hofihlela selemong sa 1994. Le ha re ile ra fumana tokoloho ka selemo seo, hare so ka re lokoloha ho tsa moruo. E kaba sena se bolela eng mabapi le tumelo ya rona ya boKreste? Segolweng sena re leka ho araba potso ena. Tumelo ke eng ho batho ba sa lokolohang moruong wa naha ya bona? Re lekola pale ya boKreste, tumelo ya batho le maemo a kereke ntlheng ya ho tadimana le tokoloho ka tumelo.Faith and economics. In our history from a black perspective, Christianity arrived through violent conquest from the west. Evidentially, this faith coincided with wars of dispossession and the ultimate defeat of black Africans. It is difficult to separate the violent defeat of black Africans from the arrival of Christian faith. This well-known statement within the circles of black Theology of liberation: When the white man arrived in our land he said, �let us pray and after prayer, when we opened our eyes, our land was taken and only the Bible was left in our hands,� captures the black sentiment of this history. Ironically, it was this Bible that black Africans used to wage their struggle for liberation up to the demise of apartheid in 1994.Nonetheless, political liberation is not enough as the struggle for economic liberation

  7. Le vernis des apparences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Grazia Nicosia

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Le but de cet article est de comprendre l’incidence sémiotique du nettoyage d’un tableau ainsi que la résultante cognitive induite sur l’observateur. Cette étude confronte l’analyse des phénomènes visuels engendrés par le jaunissement du vernis et son retrait, à des entretiens réalisés à dessein. Le retrait d’un vernis jauni change considérablement l’image. L’heure, le climat, la saison et l’activité même des personnages s’en trouvent ainsi modifié. La patine peut être perçue, soit comme un obstacle à l’exploration, soit pour ceux qui l’apprécient, comme le medium d’une relation plus intime entre l’œuvre et l’observateur.The purpose of this article is to understand the semiotic impact of the cleaning of a painting and the cognitive effects induced on the observer. This study analyses conjointly the visual phenomenon generated by yellowing varnish and its removal and controlled interviews of observers.The removal of yellowing varnish modifies considerably the perception of the picture. Daytime, climate, season and characters activities are modified. The patina may be perceived either as an obstacle to the painting exploration, or, for those who appreciate it, as a medium for a closer relationship between the painting and the observer.

  8. Le collisionneur du futur?

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Audiovisual Service

    2009-01-01

    Pourquoi deux études parallèles pour un même collisionneur linéaire ? Loin d’être un double effort et un gaspillage de ressources, ces deux études s’inscrivent dans une stratégie de complémentarité afin de fournir la meilleure technologie requise par la physique du futur. Vendredi 12 juin a eu lieu au CERN la première réunion conjointe CLIC et ILC. Elle n’a pas été avare de bons résultats et d’importantes décisions. Le Collisionneur Linéaire International (ILC) et le Collisionneur Linéaire Compact (CLIC) sont deux études qui font, tous deux, appel à des technologies de pointe. A première vue en compétition, les deux études sont en réalité complémentaires et elles ont un objectif commun : proposer dans les plus brefs délais et au moindre coût, l‘accélérateur linéaire le mieux adapté pour prendre le relais de la physique des très hautes énergies après le LHC.

  9. Le corps des anges

    OpenAIRE

    Margel,Serge

    2017-01-01

    Ce séminaire fait suite à un cycle de conférences données en 2014 sur la notion de corps de chair dans le premier christianisme. Cette année la recherche a porté sur le corps spécifique des anges dans la patristique grecque et latine. Sur la base d’un corpus de textes délimité, j’ai essayé de montrer deux choses principales : d’un côté, on ne peut pas comprendre la spécificité du corps des anges sans l’inscrire dans le champ de l’angélologie chrétienne, qui assimile l’ange et l’âme, et d’un a...

  10. Storicizzare le teorie psicocritiche

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Talamo

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Le teorie psicoanalitiche della letteratura, dopo una fase di alterne fortune, sono oggi praticate da una cerchia di adepti sempre più ristretta. Le nuove koinè critico-teoriche tendono infatti a relegare la dottrina freudiana all’interno di un sapere letterario (e non interpretativo o a sostituire ad essa strumenti ritenuti più efficaci nella descrizione della sfera del mentale in letteratura (neuroestetica e neuronarratologia. La proposta storiografica che qui si avanza non vuole prendere parte in questo dibattito pro o contro la psicocritica, ma vuole leggere le proposte di teoria psicoanalitica della letteratura alla luce di una riflessione sul concetto di ibridazione, concetto sul quale queste teorie hanno costruito il loro confronto con i paradigmi teorici di volta in volta egemoni.

  11. Le Nouveau Monde

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alain Musset

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available L’histoire de la conquête du Nouveau Monde par les Européens semble devoir se résumer au destin de deux femmes chargées d’assurer le truchement entre les deux mondes et de jouer lele d’intermédiaire amoureuse ou de grande traîtresse : au Nord, Pocahontas, au Sud, La Malinche. Quand Cortés débarque en 1519 sur les côtes du Tabasco, un cacique désireux de lui plaire lui offre vingt femmes dont une superbe jeune fille, Malintzin (la Malinche, rebaptisée Marina. Celle-ci deviendra sa maîtres...

  12. Le problème des hydrates dans le contexte de la production et du transport polyphasiques des pétroles bruts et des gaz naturels. Première partie : physico-chimie de la formation et de la dissociation des hydrates Hydrates Problem Within the Framework of Multiphase Production and Transport of Crude Oils and Natural Gases. Part One: Physical-Chemistry of Hydrates Formation and Dissociation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Behar E.

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available L'exploitation en mer des gisements de combustibles fossiles fluides a amplifié le besoin d'accroître nos connaissances sur les hydrates qui sont susceptibles de boucher les installations de production, de traitement et de transport. Dans cette publication, la structure moléculaire des hydrates I, II et H est rappelée, ensuite l'analyse physico-chimique de leur formation est succinctement décrite tant sur les plans thermodynamique que cinétique. Enfin, les remèdes possibles aux problèmes rencontrés par les compagnies opératrices sont indiqués, essentiellement les inhibiteurs thermodynamiques classiques tels que les alcools ou les sels qui diminuent la température de formation des hydrates, et les additifs dispersants qui évitent la croissance et/ou l'agglomération des cristaux. Pour terminer, une boucle pilote de circulation originale est présentée, ses caractéristiques qui permettent la validation des additifs dispersants dans des conditions hydrodynamiques et physico-chimiques représentatives étant soulignées. Offshore exploitation of fossil fluid fuels has emphasized the need of improving our knowledge on hydrates which can plug production, treatment and transport facilities. In this paper, the molecular structure of I, II and H hydrates is recalled, then the physical-chemistry of their formation is briefly reviewed from both the thermodynamic and the kinetic points of view. Finally, the possible remedies to the problems met by operating companies are described, mainly classical thermodynamic inhibitors such as alcohols or salts which decrease the hydrates formation temperature, and dispersant additives which avoid crystals growth and/or agglomeration. At last an original circulation loop at pilot scale is presented, its characteristics which allow the testing of dispersant additives under representative hydrodynamic and physico-chemical conditions being outlined.

  13. Le blue-jean

    OpenAIRE

    Miller, Daniel

    2012-01-01

    Le Blue-jean: pourquoi la technologie vient en dernier. La plupart des personnes pensent que la technique (ou la technologie) correspond à ce qui vient en amont du produit. Dans cet article, Daniel Miller s’intéresse plutôt à des cas dans lesquels l’ordre de la séquence est renversé et où le produit précède, ou initie, en quelque sorte, la technique. L’auteur commence par décrire les techniques d’usure artificielle des blue jeans  : une technique qui vise à copier les effets du port des blue ...

  14. St. Lazaria Island Alaska Maritime NWR military contaminants investigations

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — St. Lazaria Island, part of the Alaska Maritime National Wildlife Refuge, has over 540,000 burrow nesting Leach's and fork-tailed storm-petrels (Oceanodroma...

  15. EPA's Role in the International Maritime Organization (IMO)

    Science.gov (United States)

    IMO promotes cooperation in regulation of shipping in international trade and encourages the adoption of the highest practicable standards concerning maritime safety, efficiency of navigation, and prevention and control of marine pollution from ships.

  16. Maine & the Maritimes: Waterfowl breeding population survey: 2000

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This report summarizes the Waterfowl Breeding Population and Habitat Survey for Maine and the Maritimes during 2000. The primary purpose of the survey is to provide...

  17. The Trail Inventory of Alaska Maritime NWR [Cycle 2

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The purpose of this report is to create a baseline inventory of all non-motorized trails on Alaska Maritime National Wildlife Refuge. Trails in this inventory are...

  18. The Trail Inventory of Alaska Maritime NWR [Cycle 3

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The purpose of this report is to create a baseline inventory of all non-motorized trails on Alaska Maritime National Wildlife Refuge. Trails in this inventory are...

  19. Architecture of Maritime Awareness System Supplied with External Information

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stróżyna Milena

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we discuss a software architecture, which has been developed for the needs of the System for Intelligent Maritime Monitoring (SIMMO. The system bases on the state-of-the-art information fusion and intelligence analysis techniques, which generates an enhanced Recognized Maritime Picture and thus supports situation analysis and decision- making. The SIMMO system aims to automatically fuse an up-to-date maritime data from Automatic Identification System (AIS and open Internet sources. Based on collected data, data analysis is performed to detect suspicious vessels. Functionality of the system is realized in a number of different modules (web crawlers, data fusion, anomaly detection, visualization modules that share the AIS and external data stored in the system’s database. The aim of this article is to demonstrate how external information can be leveraged in maritime awareness system and what software solutions are necessary. A working system is presented as a proof of concept.

  20. THE ANALYSIS OF HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT (HRM) IN MARITIME AFFAIRS

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Goran Vucur; Ivica Miloslavic; Maro Bosnjak

    2016-01-01

      Specifics of human resources management in maritime affairs is reflected in the fact that part of the staff of enterprises is displaced on ships which represent a specific and isolated environment...

  1. Arta process model of maritime clutter and targets

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    McDonald

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available A coherent autoregressive–to–anything (ARTA) stationary stochastic process for modelling maritime clutter and targets is presented in this paper. The ARTA stochastic process model is an improvement over previous models in the sense...

  2. Playing the maritime judicial functions and promoting the development of maritime legal system%充分发挥海事司法职能作用推动海商法律体系完善发展——纪念《中华人民共和国海商法》颁布实施20周年

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李国光

    2012-01-01

    Maritime Code of the People's Republic of China has entered into force for 20 years, the rules and system of maritime lien, possessory lien on vessel, general average and salvage established by it have made solid base for the development of shipping industry and foreign trade, and also provided important legal basis for China' s young maritime trials. With the change and development of practice, China' s maritime legal system is facing various new issues and challenges. Maritime le- gal system and maritime judicial practice should perfect and develop itself so as to satisfy the need of times.%《中华人民共和国海商法》颁布实施20年以来,其确立的船舶优先权、船舶留置权、海难救助、共同海损等规则和制度,为中国航运业、外贸业的发展,奠定了坚实的法律基础,也为中国年轻的海事审判提供了重要的司法依据。中国的海商法律体系是随着实践的变化而不断演进发展的,同时也面临来自于实践的各种新问题和新挑战。海商法律体系和海事司法实践只有自身不断地完善发展,才能满足时代的需要。

  3. CNA Maritime Asia Project. Workshop Two: Naval Developments in Asia

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-01

    the Senkakus, for example) or retake a Japanese island. 1 “Rightwingers land on Senkakus, hoist flags: No arrests as nationalists respond to H.K...would make them capable of hitting land targets in India. These maritime frictions demonstrate that mutual trust between the two countries remains in...by its Near Neighbors: Two Case Studies Lyle Goldstein Professor, China Maritime Studies Institute; U.S. Naval War College Frictions have been

  4. Vermicompost enhances germination of the maritime pine (Pinus pinaster Ait.)

    OpenAIRE

    Lazcano, Cristina; Sampedro, Luis; Zas Arregui, Rafael; Domínguez, Jorge

    2010-01-01

    We investigated the effect of vermicompost on the germination and early development of six different progenies of the maritime pine (Pinus pinaster Ait.). We compared the effects of incorporating solid vermicompost into the potting media to those of vermicompost water extract to asses the extent of not physically-mediated positive effects. The incorporation of vermicompost in the growing media of maritime pine increased germination by 16%, and particularly, addition of vermicom...

  5. Corporate strategies and profitability of maritime logistics firms

    OpenAIRE

    Francesco Parola; Giovanni Satta; Photis M Panayides

    2015-01-01

    The inherent uncertainty, capital intensity and riskiness of investing in ships and port facilities have led to irregular corporate economic and financial performance for maritime logistics organizations. Although the relative impact of corporate strategy on firm profitability is a topic of considerable scientific and managerial interest, insights into contemporary issues in maritime logistics strategy are still limited. This article provides an exploratory contribution in bridging this gap, ...

  6. Legal Problems Concerning "Other Maritime Liens"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WangShumin

    1999-01-01

    "Other maritime liens" as contained in Artide 6 of Convention 1993 is enacted on the basis of Convention 1967. The Convention 1967 provides that each contracting state may grant liens or rights of retention so as to secure claims other than those as referred ID in Article 4. Such liens shall rank after all maritime liens as set out in Article 4 and after all registered and "hypotheques" which comply with the provisions of Article 1;

  7. La mer et le sacré en Islam médiéval

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christophe Picard

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Les travaux sur la mer et le sacré en Islam médiéval, présentés ici, reflètent assez bien l’état de la recherche actuelle sur un domaine qui a déjà été abordé au travers de thèses et travaux, mais sans que véritablement l’association de la notion de sacré et des espaces maritimes ait fait l’objet d’une réflexion approfondie. Dans le même temps les historiens et les archéologues qui ont eu la mer pour objet d’étude, ont tous fait le constat d’une relation forte, la traversée ou la contemplatio...

  8. Comparison between MAAP and ECART predictions of radionuclide transport throughout a French standard PWR reactor coolant system; Transport des radionucleides dans le circuit primaire d`un REP: comparaison des codes MAAP et ECART

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hervouet, C.; Ranval, W. [Electricite de France (EDF), 92 - Clamart (France); Parozzi, F.; Eusebi, M. [Ente Nazionale per l`Energia Elettrica, Rome (Italy)

    1996-04-01

    In the framework of a collaboration agreement between EDF and ENEL, the MAAP (Modular Accident Analysis Program) and ECART (ENEL Code for Analysis of radionuclide Transport) predictions about the fission product retention inside the reactor cooling system of a French PWR 1300 MW during a small Loss of Coolant Accident were compared. The volatile fission products CsI, CsOH, TeO{sub 2} and the structural materials, all of them released early by the core, are more retained in MAAP than in ECART. On the other hand, the non-volatile fission products, released later, are more retained in ECART than in MAAP, because MAAP does not take into account diffusion-phoresis: in fact, this deposition phenomenon is very significant when the molten core vaporizes the water of the vessel lower plenum. Centrifugal deposition in bends, that can be modeled only with ECART, slightly increases the whole retention in the circuit if it is accounted for. (authors). 18 refs., figs., tabs.

  9. Solution of the neutron transport equation by the collision probability for 3D geometries; Resolution de l`equation du transport pour les neutrons par la methode des probabilites de collision dans le geometries 3D

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oujidi, B.

    1996-09-19

    The TDT code solves the multigroup transport equation by the interface current method for unstructured 2D geometries. This works presents the extension of TDT to the treatment of 3D geometries obtained by axial displacement of unstructured 2D geometries. Three-dimensional trajectories are obtained by lifting the 2D trajectories. The code allows for the definition of macro-domains in the axial direction to be used in the interface-current method. Specular and isotropic reflection or translations boundary conditions can be applied to the horizontal boundaries of the domain. Numerical studies have shown the need for longer trajectory cutoffs for trajectories intersecting horizontal boundaries. Numerical applications to the calculation of local power peaks are given in a second part for: the local destruction of a Pyrex absorbent and inter-assembly (UO{sub 2}-MOX) power distortion due to pellet collapsing at the top of the core. Calculations with 16 groups were performed by coupling TDT to the spectral code APOLLO2. One-group comparisons with the Monte Carlo code TRIMARAN2 are also given. (author). 30 refs.

  10. Effets de deux hydrolysats de protéines de poisson (Sardina pilchardus et Sardinella aurita sur le transport inverse du cholestérol et le statut redox, chez le rat soumis à un régime enrichi en cholestérol |Effects of two fish protein hydrolysates (Sardina pilchardus and Sardinella aurita on reverse cholesterol transport and redox status, in rat fed a cholesterol-enriched diet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nora Athmani

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Several studies have reported that marine peptides have antioxidant effect. However, few have focused on their cholesterol-lowering effect. Objective. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of sardine (Sardina pilchardus and sardinelle (Sardinella aurita protein hydrolysates on reverse cholesterol transport, and antioxidant status, in rat fed a cholesterol-enriched diet. Materials and methods. Eighteen male Wistar rats (350±15g were divided into three groups, and fed 20% casein and 1% cholesterol for 15 days. During this period, two groups received by gavage sardine protein hydrolysates (HPS or sardinelle (HPA solution. The 3rd group received water (GC. Results. Cholesterolemia was 1.7-fold lower in hydrolysates fed groups. The lecithin: cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT activity was respectively, 1.7- and 1.6-fold higher in HPS and HPA groups. Phospholipids values of high density lipoprotein (PL-HDL were 1.4-fold lower in HPS compared with GC group. Cholesteryl esters amounts of HDL (CE-HDL were respectively, 1.7- and 1.5-fold higher in HPS and HPA groups. Liver and muscle thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS were respectively reduced by 68% and 29% in HPS and 48.5% and 63.6% in HPA group. Superoxide dismutase (SOD activity was increased by 32% in liver and 78% in muscle of HPA. Conclusion. It seems that HPS and HPA act favorably on reverse cholesterol transport, and improve oxidative stress, in rat fed cholesterol- enriched diet.

  11. Maritime Interdiction Operations Small Craft Detection

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dougan, A D; Trombino, D; Dunlop, W; Bordetsky, A

    2010-01-26

    The Naval Postgraduate School has been conducting Tactical Network Topology (TNT) Maritime Interdiction Operations (MIO) experiments with Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) since early in 2005. In this work, we are investigating cutting edge technology to evaluate use of networks, advanced sensors and collaborative technology for globally-supported maritime interdiction operations. Some examples of our research include communications in harsh environments, between moving ships at sea; small boat drive-by radiation detection; network-centric collaboration with global partners; situational awareness; prototype sensors & biometric instruments. Since 2006, we have studied the concept of using a small vessel with fixed radiation sensors to do initial searches for illicit radioactive materials. In our work, we continue to evaluate concepts of operation for small boat monitoring. For example, in San Francisco Bay we established a simulated choke point using two RHIBs. Each RHIB had a large sodium iodide radiation sensor on board, mounted on the side nearest to the passing potential target boats. Once detections were made, notification over the network prompted a chase RHIB also equipped with a radiation sensor to further investigate the potential target. We have also used an unmanned surface vessel (USV) carrying a radiation sensor to perform the initial discovery. The USV was controlled remotely and to drive by boats in different configurations. The potential target vessels were arranged in a line, as a choke point and randomly spaced in the water. Search plans were problematic when weather, waves and drift complicated the ability to stay in one place. A further challenge is to both detect and identify the radioactive materials during the drive-by. Our radiation detection system, ARAM, Adaptable Radiation Area Monitor, is able to detect, alarm and quickly identify plausible radionuclides in real time. We have performed a number of experiments to better

  12. Candide et le physicien

    CERN Document Server

    Espagnat, Bernard d'

    2008-01-01

    Les avancées considérables de la physique d'après guerre n'ont - on le sait - été possibles qu'au prix d'une vraie rupture entre elle et la physique dite " classique ". A quels changements cette rupture nous contraint-elle en ce qui concerne des notions essentielles, telles celles d'espace, de temps, d'objet et d'objectivité ? Quelles en sont les incidences quant à la portée de la connaissance, au rôle de la conscience, aux relations entre science et ontologie ? Ce sont là des questions de fond, fort délicates, auxquelles les personnes de tendance quelque peu philosophique sont plus sensibles que ne le sont les physiciens. Malheureusement, les premières ne disposent normalement pas des connaissances de pointe qui seules permettent d'approfondir de tels problèmes sans trop risquer de s'égarer. Etant donné l'impact que, par ses applications, la science a sur nos vies, nombreux sont ceux qui souhaitent se former une idée plus juste de ce qu'elle implique vraiment. Le présent ouvrage prend la for...

  13. Higgs le boson manquant

    CERN Document Server

    Carroll, Sean; Evans, Lyn; Gagnon, Pauline; Bernet, Lison

    2013-01-01

    Ce livre conte l'histoire de la plus fascinante aventure scientifique de notre temps : la quête du "boson de Higgs". La découverte présumée de cette particule élémentaire en juillet 2012 a secoué le monde, tant pour son étrangeté que pour la démesure des moyens déployés. Qu'on en juge : un accélérateur de 27 km de circonférence sous la frontière franco-suisse - le LHC, la plus grande machine jamais construite par l'Homme-, une équipe de 6 000 chercheurs, techniciens, ingénieurs, informaticiens, etc., et un budget de plus de 9 milliards de $ ! L'auteur, cosmologiste et vulgarisateur de renom, nous révèle les enjeux de cette recherche ultime : le boson expliquerait ni plus ni moins pourquoi la matière qui nous entoure a une masse, et lèverait un coin du voile qui entoure la mystérieuse "matière noire". Il détaille surtout sa genèse et les rivalités, les doutes mais aussi les intuitions géniales des acteurs du projet. Cette galerie de personnages hors norme font de la lecture de ce li...

  14. La place du transport de denrées agricoles dans le cycle biogéochimique de l’azote en France : un aspect de la spécialisation des territoires

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Le Noë Julia

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available L’agriculture française, agronomiquement et économiquement très performante, est responsable d’importantes pertes d’azote vers l’hydrosphère et l’atmosphère, provoquant de graves problèmes environnementaux. À partir de l’analyse de la base de données SitraM sur les transports de marchandises entre départements et avec l’étranger, un bilan des échanges de denrées agricoles, exprimés en flux d’azote protéique contenu, a été établi pour sept groupes de produits agricoles. Les 95 départements français ont été regroupés en 33 territoires agricoles, définis selon leur proximité géographique et la similitude de leur système de production. Les résultats montrent l’ampleur de la mobilité commerciale des denrées agricoles. Les échanges entre territoires et avec l’étranger en 2006 représentent 1,6 fois la production agricole nationale. Globalement, la France apparaît comme exportatrice nette de protéines avec l’étranger, important 284 kilotonne d’azote par an (ktN/an d’aliments pour bétail et exportant 390 ktN/an principalement sous forme de céréales. L’analyse révèle l’extrême spécialisation de la plupart des territoires, soit vers les grandes cultures, soit vers l’élevage, et fait apparaître cinq grands ensembles de territoires en fonction de l’ampleur et de la destination de leurs échanges commerciaux dominants. La maîtrise du cycle de l’azote et de ses perturbations ne saurait faire l’économie d’une prise en compte des flux commerciaux de denrées agricoles.

  15. Le rouleau de la guerre

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jongeling, Bastiaan

    1962-01-01

    Le projet initial de notre etude etait de presenter un commentaire avec traduction, et d'y ajouter quelques chapitres sur le caractere du contenu du rouleau, sur sa langue, sa date, ses rapports avec l'Ancien Testament et avec la litterature juive post-blblique; mais, le commentaire s'elargissant de

  16. A Global Maritime Emissions Trading System. Design and Impacts on the Shipping Sector, Countries and Regions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Faber, J.; Markowska, A.; Eyring, V.; Cionni, I.; Selstad, E. Shipping / Emissions trading / Economy / Costs / Effects / Developing countries Publication number:

    2010-01-15

    This report designs a global cap-and-trade scheme for maritime transport and assesses its impacts on the shipping sector, regions and groups of countries. It shows that it is feasible to implement a cap-and-trade scheme for greenhouse gas emissions in the maritime transport sector. Such a scheme ensures that the environmental target is met, while allowing the sector to grow and ensuring that the target is met in the most cost-effective way. An emissions trading scheme would result in an increase in the costs of shipping of less than 10%, depending on the price of allowances. The increase in import values is likely to be less than 1% for most commodity groups, and the impact on consumer prices even lower. Using new data on emissions of ships sailing to regions and country groups, this report demonstrates that the additional costs of imports for most regions and country groups are estimated to be less than 0.2% of GDP, with a few exceptions. This report demonstrates that it is possible to compensate developing countries for the increased costs of imports by using approximately two thirds of the revenues of the auction. The remainder of the revenues can be used for other aims, such as R and D into fuel-efficiency of ships.

  17. Conception d’un automate cellulaire non stationnaire à base de graphe pour modéliser la structure spatiale urbaine: le modèle Remus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arnaud Banos

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available Nous proposons dans cet article une formalisation originale des automates cellulaires géographiques, à même de mieux prendre en compte grâce à une structure de graphe le voisinage irrégulier et dynamique d’entités spatiales. Le modèle Remus permet ainsi de représenter sous la forme d’un graphe mathématique les entités spatiales du bâti et les réseaux de transport urbain (graphe urbain ; il permet aussi de calculer la distance-temps entre bâtiments par le réseau. Le modèle Remus permet l’extraction de différents graphes, dont le graphe fonctionnel des distances-temps entre les immeubles et le graphe de relations de voisinage qui représente le voisinage par le réseau pour un certain seuil de temps de trajet et pour un mode de transport donné.

  18. Digital Photogrammetry for Documentation of Maritime Heritage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martorelli, Massimo; Pensa, Claudio; Speranza, Domenico

    2014-06-01

    Documentation of maritime heritage is essential for its protection, and for reference in restoration and renovation processes. These functions become problematic in the case of historical ships and boats that lack lines drawings. The purpose of this paper is to describe a procedure for creation of lines drawings based on the shape analysis of surviving historical boats or their small-scale models with the help of reverse engineering (RE) techniques. The paper describes how digital photogrammetry and the iterative method were used to analyze the shape of three historical boats: Tomahawk, Refola and Nada. The application of the proposed procedure produced the lines drawings of the boats as its result. The accuracy of the 3D CAD model obtained with the photogrammetric technique was verified by comparing it against a more accurate 3D model produced with the help of a RE laser scanner. The examination of the resulting lines drawings proves that the digital photogrammetry process and the proposed iterative method are adequate tools for developing lines plans of boat models. The research offers the methodological basis for the creation of an archive of lines drawings of historical boats. Such an archive would provide reference for philologically correct restorations, and permit definition and classification of distinctive elements of various types of historical boats, particularly those produced in the Campania Region.

  19. Treating oil in a maritime environment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Seebacher, G.

    2002-03-01

    Some details of the International Maritime Organisation's marine pollution regulations are discussed. In simple terms, under IMO regulations oily water must be processed through approved equipment and can be legally discharged if the oil content in the treated effluent is less than 15 ppm. These regulations also make it clear that it is not permitted to use emulsifiers to hide the oil in the effluent. To separate the free oil from water, gravity enhanced separators can be used effectively. With conventional means it is possible to remove free oil from an oily water mixture, to the less than 15 part per million oil content. Conventional IMO certified oil content meters accurately read free oil content in the 0-30 ppm region, to prevent formation of an oil film from treated oily water discharges. Some additional basic rules of thumb worthy of consideration when separating oil from oily water: in general, it is cheaper to prevent oil discharge of oil into the effluent stream than to remove it; emulsifier-enriched lubricating oils emulsify readily and are difficult to remove when present in suspended droplets; the larger the amount of contamination, the greater the difficulty of removing the oil; an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure.

  20. Relief for maritime medical emergencies through telematics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anogianakis, G; Maglavera, S; Pomportsis, A

    1998-12-01

    MERMAID is a European Union (EU)-financed maritime telemedicine project with global reach and 24-h multilingual capability, so as to serve multinational crews working in the isolation of the world's oceans. It provides a model for the provision of healthcare services based on the electronic transmission of medical information via ISDN-based video conferencing. This model is not limited to medical diagnostics, but it encompasses all cases in which the actual delivery of healthcare services involves a patient who is not located where the provider is. Its implementation requires the commissioning of an extensive telecommunications infrastructure that includes both satellite transmission for ship to shore communication and an extensive ground-based network for summoning expert medical help from around the world so as to meet the project's multilinguality requirements and, therefore, the exploration of a number of solutions. In fact, all categories of telemedical applications (audio and video conferencing, multimedia communications, flat file and image transfer with low-, medium-, and high-bandwidth data requirements) are considered, while the full range of network choices (digital land lines, cellular/wireless, satellite, and broadband) are being tested in terms of cost/performance tradeoffs that are inherent to them and the developmental stage each of these options occupies in their lifecycle. Finally, out of that, MERMAID utilizes advanced land-based line transmission technologies to aid the remote patient by making available the specialist care that is best suited in the particular case.

  1. Wireless sensor networks in a maritime environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kavelaars, W.; Maris, M.

    2005-10-01

    In the recent years, there has been a lot of research on sensor networks and their applications. In particular for monitoring large and potentially hostile areas these networks have proven to be very useful. The technique of land-based sensor networks can be extrapolated to sensing buoys at sea or in harbors. This is a novel and intriguing addition to existing maritime monitoring systems. At TNO, much research effort has gone into developing sensor networks. In this paper, the TNOdes sensor network is presented. Its practical employability is demonstrated in a surveillance application deploying 50 nodes. The system is capable of tracking persons in a field, as would be the situation around a military compound. A camera-system is triggered by the sensors and zooms into the detected moving objects. It is described how this system could be modified to create a wireless buoys network. Typical applications of a wireless (and potentially mobile) buoy network are bay-area surveillance, mine detection, identification and ship protection.

  2. City and the sea: maritime identity for urban sustainable regeneration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Massimo Clemente

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The extraordinary shape of cities by the sea is the result of the synthesis between urban culture and maritime culture – a synthesis that is full of charm and semantic values. The harmonious union of maritime culture and urban culture offers a different point of view – the one that Konvitz defined as “Urban maritime culture” (Konvitz, 1978 – for appreciating the coastal human settlements.Cities by the sea have been a really central theme in architectural and urban debate of last few decades. The suggestion behind the research is that to understand coastal and port cities we must move our point of view from the mainland on the sea – actually we must refer to maritime culture to understand urban culture in the city by the sea.The contribution describes the main research findings related to several studies that, since 2009, the Group "City and Architecture" in the National Research Council of Italy has carried out about the relationship between city and sea. The starting point is to consider the maritime interpretation of seaside cities as a relevant issue for an innovative research related to urban planning and design in coastal urban areas.The first phase of the research project has concerned with an original multidisciplinary methodology based on a mindful maritime re-interpretation of architectures and urban spaces and, more generally, of coastal urban areas. The second phase is aimed to refer the research results to real case studies with the broad involvement of multidisciplinary scholars, stakeholders and policy.The approach has permitted a review of the waterfront renewal processes – in ever greater numbers over the last fifty years – in a very different way. The objective is to define innovative methodologies and strategies for enhancing maritime identity as key tool for the urban sustainable regeneration of cities by the sea.

  3. Le 11 novembre 1942

    OpenAIRE

    Isoard, Paul

    2004-01-01

    “Citoyens de la Zone Niçoise !” Fidèles à la parole donnée, nous n’avons jamais manqué aux accords réciproques d’armistice. Dans le but d’empêcher que le sol de France ne puisse devenir un nouveau théâtre de guerre, à cause de débarquements de forces militaires anglo-américaines, nous occupons temporairement la zone démilitarisée. Pas un de Vous ne doit penser à d’intentions hostiles de notre côté.” C’est par la lecture de ce texte imprimé sur des tracts, lancés à partir d’un avion italien a...

  4. Le forme del fondo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michel Maffesoli

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Non è vero che la natura ha paura del vuoto. Forse addirittura si completa. Il vuoto è anche una modalità dell'essere. È possibile nidificarvisi, avvolgersi pigramente e, così, proteggersi dall'angoscia del tempo che passa. Il vuoto delle apparenze è, in alcuni momenti, una delle forme d'espressione della vita sociale. Oltretutto occorre saperle riconoscere. Certamente, abbiamo tutti un'esistenza personale, ma siamo, ugualmente, i rappresentanti, a volte anche le vittime, di uno "spirito comune", forse anche di un "inconscio collettivo" che si è costituito di secolo in secolo. E, molto spesso, quando crediamo di esprimere le nostre idee, siamo soltanto dei portavoce, comparse di un vasto "theatrum mundi" dalle dimensioni infinite.

  5. Le cru, le cuit et le pourri dans _Le vice-consul_ de Marguerite Duras

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hélène Caron

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Bien que plusieurs articles critiques aient déjà avancé de nouvelles perspectives sur le texte Le Vice-Consul (LVC de Marguerite Duras, l’analyse de la représentation de la nourriture dans ce roman n’a fait l’objet d’aucune étude. Cet article tente donc de combler cette lacune en proposant d’analyser les images du cru et du cuit, images qui se rejoignent sous les notions du pourri et de l’abject, tout en offrant quelques interprétations de l’un des passages critiques du roman où la folle mendiante croque la tête d’un poisson vivant.

  6. Le Brahmane du Komintern

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elizabeth Burgos

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Le Brahmane du Komintern, largometraje documental del realizador francés Vladimir León, constituye un ejercicio ejemplar de investigación histórica y  de lograda factura de realización. Y, pese a no haber contado con la ayuda de ninguno organismo público, se trata de un ambicioso proyecto que cubre una amplia extensión geográfica que abarca: Estados Unidos, México, Moscú, Berlín, y la India. Gira en torno a una figura que tuvo en su tiempo su hora de gloria. Un bengalí, hijo de braman, la c...

  7. Le monde quantique

    CERN Document Server

    Aspect, A; Bensaude-Vincent, B; Castiel, A; Chevalley, C; Darrigol, O; Deligeorges, S; D'Espagnat, B; Laloë, F; Lévy-Leblond, J-M; Messiah, A; Paty, M; Vuillemin, J; Wheaton, B R

    1984-01-01

    Le monde quantique La physique quantique, après trois quarts de siècle, n'en finit pas d'être moderne. Elle est présente quotidiennement dans les laboratoires où les physiciens étudient atomes, noyaux et particules. Elle est entrée dans l'industrie où lasers, transistors et supraconducteurs lui doivent d'exister. Et elle continue à alimenter le débat philosophique sur la nature de la réalité dont elle montre la non-séparabilité fondamentale. Ses concepts de base, son développement, ses applications, ses controverses sont ici présentés par une pléiade de physiciens, d'historiens et de philosophes.

  8. Le silence des agneaux

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    BERNARD ROY

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Ce texte est avant tout une réflexion sur la notion d'obéissance, initiée à partir de deux évènements impliquant étroitement des membres de la profession infirmière. L'auteur se réjouit de la prise de parole et de l'implication directe d'infirmières dans le contexte du printemps érable. Il estime que la posture de ces infirmières s'inscrit dans ce que l'éthicien Guy Durand, appelle une obéissance autonome qui peut, du coup, mener à la désobéissance civile, à l'objection de conscience. En prenant exemple sur le silence des infirmières dans le contexte de la fermeture de postes d'infirmières en Minganie, l'auteur estime que cette posture est marginale chez les infirmières qui, majoritairement, adoptent une position de soumission et d'obéissance hétéronome.

  9. Thermochemical cycles for the heat and cold long-range transport. Final report of the PRI 9.2 Cold transport. Annual report of the PR 2-8; Cycles thermochimiques pour le transport de chaleur et de froid a longue distance. Rapport final du PRI 9.2. Transport de froid. Rapport annuel du PR 2-8

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Luo, L.; Tondeur, D. [Laboratoire des Sciences du Genie Chimique (LSGC), 54 - Nancy (France); Mazet, N.; Neveu, P.; Stitou, D.; Spinner, B. [Institut de Science et de Genie des Materiaux et Procedes (IMP), 66 - Perpignan (France)

    2004-07-01

    This PRI deals with the use of thermochemical processes, based on solid-gas reversible transformation, to transfer heat of cold at long-range distance (> 10 km), in order to enhance the energy efficiency. Four main aspects have been studied to confirm the process feasibility: the process identification and the operating conditions, the selection of compatible reagents, the design of an auto-thermal reactor and the gas transport impact on the global performances. (A.L.B.)

  10. Behavior analysis of container ship in maritime accident in order to redefine the operating criteria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ancuţa, C.; Stanca, C.; Andrei, C.; Acomi, N.

    2017-08-01

    In order to enhance the efficiency of maritime transport, container ships operators proceeded to increase the sizes of ships. The latest generation of ships in operation has 19,000 TEU capacity and the perspective is 21,000 TEU within the next years. The increasing of the sizes of container ships involves risks of maritime accidents occurrences. Nowadays, the general rules on operational security, tend to be adjusted as a result of the evaluation for each vessel. To create the premises for making an informed decision, the captain have to be aware of ships behavior in such situations. Not less important is to assure permanent review of the procedures for operation of ship, including the specific procedures in special areas, confined waters or separation schemes. This paper aims at analysing the behavior of the vessel and the respond of the structure of a container ship in maritime accident, in order to redefine the operating criteria. The method selected by authors for carrying out the research is computer simulations. Computer program provides the responses of the container ship model in various situations. Therefore, the simulations allow acquisition of a large category of data, in the scope of improving the prevention of accidents or mitigation of effects as much as possible. Simulations and assessments of certain situations that the ship might experience will be carried out to redefine the operating criteria. The envisaged scenarios are: introducing of maneuver speed for specific areas with high risk of collision or grounding, introducing of flooding scenarios of some compartments in loading programs, conducting of complex simulations in various situations for each vessel type. The main results of this work are documented proposals for operating criteria, intended to improve the safety in case of marine accidents, collisions and groundings. Introducing of such measures requires complex cost benefit analysis, that should not neglect the extreme economic impact

  11. Maritime Training Serbian Autonomous Vessel Protection Detachment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Šoškić Svetislav D.

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The crisis in Somalia has caused appearance of piracy at sea in the Gulf of Aden and the Western Indian Ocean. Somali pirates have become a threat to economic security of the world because almost 30 percent of world oil and 20 percent of global trade passes through the Gulf of Aden. Solving the problem of piracy in this part of the world have included international organizations, institutions, military alliances and the states, acting in accordance with international law and UN Security Council resolutions. The European Union will demonstrate the application of a comprehensive approach to solving the problem of piracy at sea and the crisis in Somalia conducting naval operation — EU NAVFOR Atalanta and operation EUTM under the Common Security and Defense Policy. The paper discusses approaches to solving the problem of piracy in the Gulf of Aden and the crisis in Somalia. Also, the paper points to the complexity of the crisis in Somalia and dilemmas correctness principles that are applied to solve the problem piracy at sea. One of goals is protections of vessels of the World Food Programme (WFP delivering food aid to displaced persons in Somalia. Republic of Serbia joined in this mission and trained and sent one a autonomous team in this military operation for protection WFP. This paper consist the problem of modern piracy, particularly in the area of the Horn of Africa became a real threat for the safety of maritime ships and educational process of Serbian Autonomous vessel protection detachment. Serbian Military Academy adopted and developed educational a training program against piracy applying all the provisions and recommendations of the IMO conventions and IMO model courses for Serbian Autonomous vessel protection detachment.

  12. 76 FR 7210 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-09

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance Notice is hereby given that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary license has been reissued by the Federal Maritime Commission pursuant to section 19... to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR part 515. License No....

  13. 77 FR 13605 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-07

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance Notice is hereby given that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been reissued by the Federal Maritime Commission pursuant to section 19... to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR Part 515. License no....

  14. 76 FR 16421 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-23

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance Notice is hereby given that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been reissued by the Federal Maritime Commission pursuant to section 19... to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR part 515. License No....

  15. 77 FR 1937 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-12

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance Notice is hereby given that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been reissued by the Federal Maritime Commission pursuant to section 19... to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR part 515. License No....

  16. 76 FR 28779 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-18

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance Notice is hereby given that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been reissued by the Federal Maritime Commission pursuant to section 19... to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR part 515. License No....

  17. 76 FR 50216 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-12

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance Notice is hereby given that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been reissued by the Federal Maritime Commission pursuant to section 19... to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR part 515. License No....

  18. 76 FR 76411 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-07

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance Notice is hereby given that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been reissued by the Federal Maritime Commission pursuant to section 19... to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR part 515. ] License No....

  19. 47 CFR 80.333 - Stations in the maritime mobile-satellite service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Stations in the maritime mobile-satellite..., Alarm, Urgency and Safety Procedures § 80.333 Stations in the maritime mobile-satellite service. The...-satellite service....

  20. 75 FR 13783 - Maritime Advisory Committee for Occupational Safety and Health (MACOSH)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-23

    ... Occupational Safety and Health Administration Maritime Advisory Committee for Occupational Safety and Health (MACOSH) AGENCY: Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), Labor. ACTION: MACOSH meeting; Notice. SUMMARY: The Maritime Advisory Committee for Occupational Safety and Health (MACOSH)...

  1. 76 FR 54806 - Maritime Advisory Committee for Occupational Safety and Health (MACOSH)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-02

    ... Occupational Safety and Health Administration Maritime Advisory Committee for Occupational Safety and Health (MACOSH) AGENCY: Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), Labor. ACTION: Notice of MACOSH Meeting. SUMMARY: The Maritime Advisory Committee for Occupational Safety and Health (MACOSH)...

  2. 75 FR 35090 - Maritime Advisory Committee for Occupational Safety and Health (MACOSH)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-21

    ... Occupational Safety and Health Administration Maritime Advisory Committee for Occupational Safety and Health (MACOSH) AGENCY: Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), Labor. ACTION: Announcement of... workgroup meetings scheduled for July 13-14, 2010. The Maritime Advisory Committee for Occupational...

  3. 78 FR 44959 - Public Workshop Related to the International Maritime Organization's Development of a Mandatory...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-25

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY Coast Guard Public Workshop Related to the International Maritime Organization's Development of a... International Maritime Organization (IMO Polar Code). Various safety topics will be discussed including...

  4. The Mycetophagidae (Coleoptera of the Maritime Provinces of Canada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christopher Majka

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available The Mycetophagidae (hairy fungus beetles of the Maritime Provinces of Canada are surveyed. Seven species in the genera Mycetophagus, Litargus, and Typhaea are found in the region. Six new provincial records are reported including Mycetophagus punctatus and Mycetophagus flexuosus, whichare newly recorded in the Maritime Provinces. The distribution of all species is mapped, colour habitus photographs of all species are figured, and an identification key to species is provided. The discussion notes that four of the species found in the region are apparently rare, possibly due to the history of forest management practices in the region; a situation similar to that of a significant proportion of other saproxylic beetles found in the Maritime Provinces.

  5. Cooperative measures to mitigate Asia-Pacific maritime conflicts.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chai, Wen-Chung (Taiwan Navy)

    2003-05-01

    The economies of East Asia are predominantly export based and, therefore, place special emphasis on the security of the sea lines of communication (SLOCs). Due to economic globalization, the United States shares these concerns. Cooperative measures by the concerned parties could reduce the potential for disruption by maritime conflicts. Primary threats against the SLOCs are disputes over the resources under the seas, disputes over some small island groups, disputes between particular parties (China-Taiwan and North-South Korea), or illegal activities like smuggling, piracy, or terrorism. This paper provides an overview on these threats, issue by issue, to identify common elements and needed cooperation. Cooperation on other topics such as search and rescue, fisheries protection, and oil spill response may help support improved relations to prevent maritime conflicts. Many technologies can help support maritime cooperation, including improved communications links, tracking and emergency beacon devices, and satellite imaging. Appropriate technical and political means are suggested for each threat to the SLOCs.

  6. Maritime shipping as a high reliability industry: A qualitative analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mannarelli, T.; Roberts, K.; Bea, R.

    1994-10-01

    The maritime oil shipping industry has great public demands for safe and reliable organizational performance. Researchers have identified a set of organizations and industries that operate at extremely high levels of reliability, and have labelled them High Reliability Organizations (HRO). Following the Exxon Valdez oil spill disaster of 1989, public demands for HRO-level operations were placed on the oil industry. It will be demonstrated that, despite enormous improvements in safety and reliability, maritime shipping is not operating as an HRO industry. An analysis of the organizational, environmental, and cultural history of the oil industry will help to provide justification and explanation. The oil industry will be contrasted with other HRO industries and the differences will inform the shortfalls maritime shipping experiences with regard to maximizing reliability. Finally, possible solutions for the achievement of HRO status will be offered.

  7. Redefining Maritime Security Threats in the Eastern Indian Ocean Region.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Banerjee, Arjun [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    2017-08-01

    This occasional paper analyzes the general security issues and trends relating to maritime trafficking of radiological and nuclear material using small vessels, minor ports, and unchecked areas of coastline existing in the Eastern Indian Ocean Region today. By the Eastern Indian Ocean Region is meant the area starting from the tip of the Indian peninsula in the west to the Straits of Malacca in the east. It lays focus on the potential sources of nuclear or radiological material that may be trafficked here. It further undertakes a study of the terrorist groups active in the region as well as the multinational or national interdiction organizations that have been created to counter maritime threats. It also seeks to discern the various technologies for detecting materials of concern available in the area. Finally, it ascertains possible methods and technologies to improve the maritime security system in the region.

  8. Maritime Education and Research to Face the XXI-st Century Challenges in Gdynia Maritime University’s Experience Part I – Maritime Universities Facing Today and Tomorrow’s Challenges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janusz Mindykowski

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available In the paper, divided into two parts, a problem of advancements in maritime education and research facing the 21st century challenges, based on the case study of the Gdynia Maritime University (GMU experience is discussed. Part I is devoted to the main directions of advances in the maritime education and research towards the challenges in a global meaning. In this context, the education and research potential of the Gdynia Maritime University, as one of the world-leading maritime universities, is shortly presented. Part II is dedicated to the Gdynia Maritime University experiencing the 21st century challenges. The GMU’s contribution and good practices concerning the participation in modification of the processes of the IMO STCW 78/2010 convention, adoption of programmes into the international and national qualification frameworks’ standards and procedures, as well as the development of research addressed to a new technological and organizational solution are described and analyzed.

  9. L’interface Habitat / Habitant : quand le lieu de vie est porteur de maladie - Le cas du radon en PACA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cissé E.

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Les préoccupations sont croissantes pour étudier les liens entre des conditions environnementales spécifiques et la fréquence de certaines pathologies. Nous proposons d’analyser ici le lien présupposé entre une exposition au radon et le cancer du poumon. Le radon, est un gaz radioactif d’origine naturelle (issu de la désintégration naturelle de l’uranium présent dans la croûte terrestre et plus particulièrement dans certaines formations géologiques. A partir du sol et de l’eau, le radon se diffuse dans l’air (exhalation et se trouve, par effet de confinement, à des concentrations plus élevées à l’intérieur des bâtiments qu’à l’extérieur. Les descendants solides du radon sont alors inhalés avec l’air respiré et se déposent dans le poumon. Il est établi par diverses études scientifiques que le radon a un impact non négligeable sur certains cancers, notamment du poumon (augmentation de 16 % du risque de cancer du poumon par tranche de 100 Bq/m3, et des cancers digestifs via la consommation d’eau qui s’est chargée en radon au contact du socle. Le nombre annuel de décès par cancer du poumon attribuable à l’exposition domestique au radon en France métropolitaine varie entre 1 200 à 3 575 en fonction des relations exposition-réponse utilisées. Plusieurs régions en France se caractérisent par une problématique radon reconnue et étudiée depuis longtemps (Bretagne, Massif central, Corse. Or, si le radon ne recouvre pas l’ensemble de la région PACA, certaines zones géographiques sont particulièrement concernées et méritent d’être étudiées : le Massif des Maures dans le Var, du Mercantour dans les Alpes-Maritimes et du Briançonnais dans les Hautes-Alpes. La région PACA est une des régions de France et d’Europe les plus touchées par la pollution atmosphérique principalement due à l’augmentation du trafic routier et des contributions de régions industrialisées telles que

  10. Le français de la communication professionnelle

    CERN Document Server

    Danilo, Michel; Lincoln, M

    A partir de 150 heures de français. - Pour acquérir une bonne maîtrise des pratiques professionnelles. - Pour améliorer ses connaissances de la langue tout en se familiarisant avec les pratiques langagières spécifiques du monde du travail. - Pour préparer les examens de la Chambre de Commerce et d'Industrie de Paris. Dix dossiers : - La communication dans les affaires - Le travail administratif - Le téléphone - La communication interne - Le courrier de l'entreprise - L'offre et la commande - Livraison, transport, assurance - La facturation et le règlement - La communication avec les partenaires - Les nouveaux outils de communication Une cassette audio ainsi que des corrigés accompagnent ce livre.

  11. "To år med CBS Maritime - her er de første resultater"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sornn-Friese, Henrik; Hansen, Carsten Ørts

    2014-01-01

    Rederier: CBS Maritime har netop offentliggjort en statusrapport på udviklingen siden starten i 2012 og med tal for udviklingen på de nye maritime uddannelser. Forfatterne fremlægger nogle af resultaterne her.......Rederier: CBS Maritime har netop offentliggjort en statusrapport på udviklingen siden starten i 2012 og med tal for udviklingen på de nye maritime uddannelser. Forfatterne fremlægger nogle af resultaterne her....

  12. A study on "mobbing" in maritime field: a case study in the Turkish maritime industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kum, Serdar; Ertas, Yildiray

    2016-01-01

    Nowadays, there are many reasons for people to be stressful and restless in their working environments. One of the reasons leading to this situation is known as "mobbing". The term "mobbing" means "bullying of an individual by a group". It usually happens among employees. The main effects of mobbing are the generation of stress and reduction of employee performance at work. In general, research shows that mobbing is particularly common in the public sector. The aim of this research is to understand the frequency of mobbing on employees in the Turkish maritime industry as a case study. In this study, a questionnaire survey on ship, shipyard, public and private company workers was applied to understand how often employees are exposed to mobbing. After analysing the results, it is also aimed to obtain information about the reasons and causes of mobbing, and then we can get some advice for this issue.

  13. Study of ground handling characteristics of a maritime patrol airship

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-01-01

    Mooring concepts appropriate for maritime patrol airship (MPA) vehicles are investigated. The evolution of ground handling systems and procedures for all airship types is reviewed to ensure that appropriate consideration is given to past experiences. A tri-rotor maritime patrol airship is identified and described. Wind loads on a moored airship and the effects of these loads on vehicle design are analyzed. Several mooring concepts are assessed with respect to the airship design, wind loads, and mooring site considerations. Basing requirements and applicability of expeditionary mooring also are addressed.

  14. Operational Planning Tools for U.S. Navy Maritime Commanders

    OpenAIRE

    Gerald G. Brown; Carlyle, Matthew W.; Kelton, David; Kline, Jeffrey; Salmeron, Javier

    2009-01-01

    Brown, G., Carlyle, W.M., Kelton, D., Kline, J. and Salmerón, J., 2009, “Operational Planning Tools for U.S. Navy Maritime Commanders,” in refereed conference proceedings of International Conference on Harbor, Maritime and Multimodal Logistics Modeling and Simulation, Bruzzone, A., Cunha, G. Martínez, R. and Merkuryev, Y., eds., Universidad de La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain. ISBN 978-84-692-5416-5. This work presents recent research to develop a series of optimization- and simulation-based dec...

  15. Commercial Capabilities and Entrepreneurial Value Capturing in Dynamic Maritime Markets

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sløk-Madsen, Stefan Kirkegaard

    This paper develops and tests a theory of entrepreneurial value capturing in maritime markets. The framework is argued to be applicable in all maritime fields and other fields with similar attributes but is specifically tested on Oil Service companies operating in the North Sea region...... market process view; building on Kirznerian alertness, Hayekian capital heterogeneity, and Knightian uncertainty. The theory helps explain value capturing from a firm perspective but also subsequent new firm creation or value loss. The model is tested and relevant managerial implications, as well...

  16. 76 FR 29989 - National Maritime Day, 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-24

    ... economy, pushing us toward a more prosperous and free 21st century. The Congress, by a joint resolution..., contributing billions of dollars to our economy. It is also a critical part of our transportation system. Last...

  17. Le tourisme littoral en France : un état des lieux

    OpenAIRE

    Zeghni, Sylvain

    2015-01-01

    Avec 5500 kms de côtes en trois façades maritimes, le littoral français est l'un des atouts majeurs d'attractivité de notre pays. Il n'en reste pas moins que les difficultés liées à l'érosion, à la sur-fréquentation et à une hôtellerie souvent vétuste, posent la question de l'avenir de ce type de tourisme en France.

  18. Le regard anachronique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Paul Aubert

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Cet article a pour objet l’anachronisme dans le film historique. Il s’appuie sur l’étude du long métrage Goya à Bordeaux, réalisé en 1999 par le cinéaste espagnol Carlos Saura. Cette biographie filmée du peintre Francisco de Goya fait mieux que composer avec l’anachronisme inhérent à toute reconstitution historique. Il l’assume et le revendique. La mise en cause de la chronologie et l’effacement de l’Histoire prennent sens dans la perspective d’une réflexion originale sur l’Histoire de l’art conçue comme un dialogue entre les œuvres et entre les époques.Este artículo está dedicado al problema del anacronismo en las películas históricas. Se basa en el estudio de Goya en Burdeos, un largo metraje rodado en 1999 por el director de cine español Carlos Saura. Esta biografía de Goya no sólo se acomoda con el anacronismo propio de la reconstitución histórica sino que lo asume y lo reivindica. El cuestionamiento de la cronología y el desinterés por la Historia cobran un nuevo sentido en el marco de una reflexión original sobre la Historia del arte concebida como un diálogo entre las obras y entre las épocas.

  19. 77 FR 35862 - Safety Zone; Fleet Week Maritime Festival, Pier 66 Elliott Bay, Seattle, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-15

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 Safety Zone; Fleet Week Maritime Festival, Pier 66 Elliott Bay... Guard will enforce the Fleet Week Maritime Festival's Pier 66 Safety Zone in Elliott Bay, WA from 8 a.m... Guard will enforce the Safety Zone for the Fleet Week Maritime Festival in 33 CFR 165.1330 on August...

  20. SITREP: The NPS Maritime Defense and Security Research Program Newsletter ; v. 38 (April 2009)

    OpenAIRE

    2009-01-01

    This April 2009 issue of the Naval Postgraduate School (NPS) Maritime Defense and Security Research Program Newsletter highlights the following research: "Join MDA [Maritime Defense and Awareness] Outreach on ODNI [Office of the Director of National Intelligence] Bridge" and "NPS Cooperative Operations and Applied Science & Technology Studies." It also provides links to future events, reports, articles, and NPS Theses regarding maritime defense and security.

  1. 46 CFR 501.3 - Organizational components of the Federal Maritime Commission.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 9 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Organizational components of the Federal Maritime... THE FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION-GENERAL Organization and Functions § 501.3 Organizational components of the Federal Maritime Commission. The major organizational components of the Commission are set...

  2. The Roadmap of Marine Observation Development Fostering the Understanding of Weather-Climate Characteristics in the Indonesian Maritime Continent

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sakya, A. E.; Ramdhani, A.; Florida, N.; Nurhayati, N.

    2016-12-01

    2020. These activities are also aligned with Indonesian government program envisions global maritime axis through reinforcement of weather and climate services in sea and pushes connectivity between islands, water transportation safety, natural resources marine exploration activities and other maritime activities.

  3. Logistique ST-HM pour le projet LHC

    CERN Document Server

    Prodon, S

    2002-01-01

    Ce papier a pour objectif de présenter la structure mise en place au sein du groupe ST-HM pour assurer la logistique d'installation du projet LHC. L'aspect traèabilité sera tout d'abord évoqué avec notamment la mise en place d'outils informatiques tels que le formulaire EDH de demande d'intervention transport-manutention et le système SIRIAC de suivi et de validation des transports réalisés. Ces développements informatiques s'intègrent dans le cadre plus général des modalités de traèabilité des équipements établies en collaboration avec le groupe SL/MR, chargé de la gestion des espaces pour le projet LHC. Les procédures proprement dites de transport des équipements feront l'objet d'un développement particulier. Leur processus d'élaboration sera détaillé : des premières réunions d'information jusqu'à la validation finale par les trois parties (demandeur, groupe ST-HM et contractant ST-HM). L'intégration de ces documents dans la logistique générale ST-HM de planification des ressou...

  4. Le survivant sans le syndrome Schreber

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richard Figuier

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available On a pensé la catastrophe, mais a-t-on suffisamment pensé la survivance et la figure du survivant ? Ce n'est pas un hasard si celle-ci est au centre de Masse et puissance, oeuvre dans laquelle Canetti interroge la « mauvaise » survivance responsable de la poursuite de la logique de guerre. Mais où trouver la « bonne » ? Revenir de la catastrophe ne suffit pas pour être un « survivant authentique », selon l'expression de Kafka. Il faut avoir dépassé, avec Primo Levi et Robert Antelme, l'opposition de la vie comme croissance continue et de la mort comme son horrible contraire, par le don, dans la pauvreté solidaire, de cette vie retrouvée.Hemos reflexionado acerca de la catástrofe, pero ¿hemos meditado lo suficiente sobre la supervivencia y el superviviente? No es una coincidencia si el superviviente es el tema principal de Masse et puissance, obra en la cual Canetti analiza la «mala» supervivencia responsable de la persistencia de la lógica de guerra ¿Dónde sin embargo podemos encontrar la «buena» supervivencia? Superar la catástrofe no es suficiente para ser un «auténtico superviviente», según Kafka. Es fundamental ir más allá, con Primo Levi y Robert Antelme, de la oposición entre la vida, como crecimiento continuo, y la muerte, como su espantoso contrario, mediante la donación de forma solidaria de esta vida reencontrada.Disaster is the theme of many studies, but what about survival and of the figure of the survivor? This issue is central in Mass and power, work in which Canetti questions the “bad” survival, responsible for the continuation of the logic of war. But is there any “good” survival? Coming back from the catastrophe is not enough to be an “authentic survivor”, according to Kafka’s expression. To achieve this, it is necessary to have exceeded, with PrimoLevi and Robert Antelme, the opposition of life as a continuous growth and of death as its horrible opposite, by the gift, in a

  5. FRAUDA DOCUMENTARĂ ÎN TRANSPORTUL MARITIM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florin Tudor

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available The existence of the international trading, involving overseas cargo transport can not be imagined inthe absence of proper transport documents, amongst them Bill of Lading is by far the most important.The continuous increase of the goods speed which are handled and transported, most significantly incontainer transport is generating frequently delays in documents deliveries thus often the B/L arrives long beforethe goods in the port of destination.This situation is creating undesired issues as the documents fraud and forgery.On the other hand, all the commercial documents related to the transport as: quality certificates, origincertificates, charter- parties, etc. may also be the subject of forgery activities often found in sea transport.The drawbacks arising from delayed deliveries, the insufficient and incomplete efforts spend both byship agents and customs authorities finally led to series of initiatives meant to prevent Bill of Lading forgery andfinally the negotiation of these document in the banks, together with a more careful risk analyses made bycustoms authorities.

  6. La piraterie sur le web

    CERN Document Server

    2002-01-01

    Les échanges de toutes sortes sont facilités à l'extrême par le web: des forums, des vidéoconférences, le commerce à distance, ou tout simplement la célérité des courriers électroniques ou la convivialité des chats, tout cela participe de la société de communication. Une certaine partie du monde découvre le nouvel horizon des échanges quasi instantanés, mais... les transactions sur le web sont-elles vraiment s res?

  7. A LARGE-SCALE SIMULATION OF INTERNATIONAL MARITIME CONTAINER SHIPPING CONSIDERING OPTIMAL BEHAVIOR OF SHIPPERS AND OCEANGOING CARRIERS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shibasaki, Ryuichi; Watanabe, Tomihiro; Ieda, Hitoshi

    This paper develops a large-scale simulation model of international maritime container shipping industry considering optimal behaviors of both shippers and oceangoing carriers, in order to measure impact of port and international logistics policies for each country including Japan. Concretely, the authors develop a short-term model (income maximization model of carriers) including shippers' choice of carrier when maritime cargo shipping demand between ports are given and a mid-term model (Nash equilibrium model of shippers and carriers) including shippers' choice of import/export port and route of hinterland transport and carriers' profit maximization behavior when cargo shipping demand between regions are given. The developed model is applied to the actual large-scale international maritime container shipping network in Eastern Asia. From a trial calculation based on the actual cargo shipping demand, the performance of the model is validated in terms of convergency and reproducibility. Also, the sensitivity of the model output taking the actual port policies into account is confirmed.

  8. Le principe roman

    CERN Document Server

    Ferrari, Jérôme

    2015-01-01

    Fasciné par la figure du physicien allemand Werner Heisenberg (1901-1976), fondateur de la mécanique quantique, inventeur du célèbre "principe d'incertitude" et Prix Nobel de physique en 1932, un jeune aspirant-philosophe désenchanté s'efforce, à l'aube du XXIe siècle, de considérer l'incomplétude de sa propre existence à l'aune des travaux et de la destinée de cet exceptionnel homme de sciences qui incarne pour lui la rencontre du langage scientifique et de la poésie, lesquels, chacun à leur manière, en ouvrant la voie au scandale de l'inédit, dessillent les yeux sur le monde pour en révéler la mystérieuse beauté que ne cessent de confisquer le matérialisme à l'œuvre dans l'Histoire des hommes.

  9. Assessing the main threats to marine ecosystem components of the Adriatic - Ionian Region for the implementation of Maritime Spatial Planning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lipizer, Marina

    2015-04-01

    Marine and coastal ecosystems and the related benefits they provide for humans are threatened by increasing pressures and competing usages. To address these issues, in the last decade, several EU legislations have been formulated to guarantee and promote sustainable use of the sea (e.g. Common Fishery Policy, Marine Strategy Framework Directive, Maritime Spatial Planning). As a first step to implement cross-border Maritime Spatial Planning (MSP) in the Adriatic - Ionian Seas, a review of the main anthropogenic pressures due to maritime activities involving the Adriatic - Ionian Region (AIR) as well as of the most relevant environmental components has been carried out. The main objective of the analysis is to better identify the spatial distribution of human uses of the sea and of the key environmental components and the ecosystem services provided. The analysis of the existing conditions includes a description of the human activities per economic sector, considering type, location, dimension and magnitude of the activity in the AIR and the spatial extent of the main environmental and ecological values present in the AIR. The environmental status has been characterized according to the descriptors proposed by the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD Directive 2008/56/EC) and the most sensitive ecosystem components in the AIR have been pointed out. A qualitative analysis of the relationships between good environmental status descriptors sensu MSFD and ecosystem services in the AIR has been carried out to provide useful information for the implementation of MSP. Cross-border Maritime Spatial Planning is particularly needed in a semi-enclosed basin such as the Adriatic Sea, hosting very diverse human activities, ranging from fishery to tourism, sand extraction, commercial and passenger transport, oil and gas exploration and exploitation, which may partially overlap and severely threaten ecosystem functioning and the associated services.

  10. Improved maritime situation awareness by fusing sensor information with intelligence

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Broek, A.C. van den; Deves, T.K.G.; Neef, R.M.; Smith, A.J.E.

    2010-01-01

    In present-day military security operations threats are more difficult to reveal than inconventional warfare theatres, since they take place during the course of normal life. For example, during maritime missions in littoral environments, acts of piracy, drug trafficking and other threatening events

  11. Improving maritime situational awareness by fusing sensor information and intelligence

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van den Broek, A.C.; Neef, R.M.; Hanckmann, P.; van Gosliga, S.P.; van Halsema, D.

    2011-01-01

    In present-day military security operations threats are more difficult to reveal than in conventional warfare theatres, since they take place during the course of normal life. These maritime missions often take place in littoral environments, where acts of piracy, drug trafficking and other

  12. Predictive maintenance of maritime systems : models and challenges

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tinga, T.; Tiddens, W.W.; Amoiralis, F.; Politis, M.; Cepin, Marko; Bris, Radim

    2017-01-01

    To reduce maintenance and logistic costs and increase the asset availability, a predictive maintenance concept for maritime systems is developed. In the present paper, the physics-of-failure based prognostic methods will be introduced, but also other issues related to the development and application

  13. 31 CFR 538.519 - Aircraft and maritime safety.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Aircraft and maritime safety. 538.519 Section 538.519 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY SUDANESE SANCTIONS REGULATIONS Licenses, Authorizations, and Statements of...

  14. The new Euskalmet coastal-maritime warning system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaztelumendi, Santiago; Egaña, Joseba; Liria, Pedro; Gonzalez, Manuel; Aranda, José Antonio; Anitua, Pedro

    2016-06-01

    This work presents the main characteristics of the Basque Meteorology Agency (Euskalmet) maritime-coastal risk warning system, with special emphasis on the latest updates, including a clear differentiation on specific warning messages addressing sea conditions for navigation purposes in the first 2 nautical miles, and expected coastal impacts. Some details of the warning bulletin for maritime and coastal risk situations are also presented, together with other communication products and strategies used in coastal and maritime severe episodes at the Basque coast. Today, three different aspects are included in the coastal-maritime risk warning system in Basque Country, related to the main potential severe events that affecting coastal activities. - "Galerna" risk relates to a sudden wind reversal that can severely affect coastal navigation and recreational activities. - "Navigation" risk relates to severe sea state conditions for 0-2 miles, affecting different navigation activities. - "Coastal impact" risk relates to adverse wave characteristics and tidal surges that induce flooding events and different impacts in littoral areas.

  15. GeGI (Germanium Gamma Imager) Performance: Maritime Interdiction Operation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dreyer, Jonathan G. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Burks, Morgan T. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Trombino, Dave [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)

    2014-09-23

    The Gamma Ray Imager (GeGI) was demonstrated during the Maritime Interdiction Operation at Point Alameda, the site of the former Naval Air Station, in Alameda, CA. During this exercise GeGI was used to localize sources within an abandoned building and a cargo ship, the Admiral Callaghan.

  16. Maritime insurance as a way to struggle piracy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ekaterina S. Anyanova

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective to research the features of maritime insurance from the viewpoint of fighting piracy at international level and to define the ways to improve the legal norms in this sphere. Methods dialectic method of cognition and private scientific research methods formallegal systemicstructural sociallegal comparativelegal statistical. Results basing on the analysis of normative legal acts regulating the relations in the sphere of maritime insurance as one of the ways to struggle against piracy the insufficiency of unified insurance norms at internationallegal level is revealed features of modern piracy are identified as well as the dependence of the insurance cost on the piratesrsquo activity the state of legal protection of the shipownerrsquos interests in case of piratesrsquo attacks at international routes a conclusion is made that the difficulties with the ldquopiracyrdquo notion do not hinder its fullfledged research in international law the drawbacks of the piracy concept in international law are reflected the insurance legal norms are studied as well as the drawbacks in insufficient unification and stronger protection of shipowners in case of ransom payments especially in RF. Scientific novelty for the first time in the article the internationallegal features of maritime piracy are viewed as one of the measures of struggle against piracy. Practical significance the main provisions and conclusions of the article can be used in practical scientific and educational activity when dealing with the issues of maritime insurance of piracy risks.

  17. Maritime Anomaly Detection by Fusing Sensor Information and Intelligence

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Broek, A.C. van den; Neef, R.M.; Hanckmann, P.; Smith, A.J.E.

    2011-01-01

    Because of global economic and socio-political changes, an increase of conflicts near the world's coastlines is anticipated. The littoral zone is characterized by intense regular vessel traffic. The conduct of Maritime Security Operations and Peace support Operations therefore means that navies have

  18. Improved maritime situation awareness by fusing sensor information with intelligence

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Broek, A.C. van den; Deves, T.K.G.; Neef, R.M.; Smith, A.J.E.

    2010-01-01

    In present-day military security operations threats are more difficult to reveal than inconventional warfare theatres, since they take place during the course of normal life. For example, during maritime missions in littoral environments, acts of piracy, drug trafficking and other threatening events

  19. Decentralized Adaptive Overcurrent Protection for Medium Voltage Maritime Power Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ciontea, Catalin-Iosif; Bak, Claus Leth; Blaabjerg, Frede;

    2016-01-01

    control unit. The new adaptive protection method is based on communication between the overcurrent relays and the equipment that could affect the protection system, such as circuit breakers and generators. Using PSCAD, the proposed method is implemented in a test medium voltage maritime power system...

  20. Strategies for Teaching Maritime Archaeology in the Twenty First Century

    Science.gov (United States)

    Staniforth, Mark

    2008-12-01

    Maritime archaeology is a multi-faceted discipline that requires both theoretical learning and practical skills training. In the past most universities have approached the teaching of maritime archaeology as a full-time on-campus activity designed for ‘traditional’ graduate students; primarily those in their early twenties who have recently come from full-time undergraduate study and who are able to study on-campus. The needs of mature-age and other students who work and live in different places (or countries) and therefore cannot attend lectures on a regular basis (or at all) have largely been ignored. This paper provides a case study in the teaching of maritime archaeology from Australia that, in addition to ‘traditional’ on-campus teaching, includes four main components: (1) learning field methods through field schools; (2) skills training through the AIMA/NAS avocational training program; (3) distance learning topics available through CD-ROM and using the Internet; and (4) practicums, internships and fellowships. The author argues that programs to teach maritime archaeology in the twenty first century need to be flexible and to address the diverse needs of students who do not fit the ‘traditional’ model. This involves collaborative partnerships with other universities as well as government underwater cultural heritage management agencies and museums, primarily through field schools, practicums and internships.

  1. Productivity simulation model for optimization of maritime container terminals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elen TWRDY

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This article describes a proposed productivity simulation model enabling container terminal operators to find optimization possibilities. A research of more than forty terminals has been done, in order to provide a helping tool for maritime container terminals. By applying an adequate simulation model, it is possible to measure and increase the productivity in all subsystem of the maritime container terminal. Management of a maritime container terminal includes a vast number of different financial and operational decisions. Financial decisions are often in a direct connection with investments in infrastructure and handling equipment. Such investments are very expensive. Therefore, they must give back the invested money as soon as possible. On the other hand, some terminals are limited by the physical extension and are forced to increase annual throughput only with sophisticated equipment on the berth side and on the yard as well. Considering all these important facts in container and shipping industry, the proposed simulation model gives a helping tool for checking the productivity and its time variation and monitoring competitiveness of a certain maritime terminal with terminals from the same group.

  2. Improving maritime situational awareness by fusing sensor information and intelligence

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Broek, A.C. van den; Neef, R.M.; Hanckmann, P.; Gosliga, S.P. van; Halsema, D. van

    2011-01-01

    In present-day military security operations threats are more difficult to reveal than in conventional warfare theatres, since they take place during the course of normal life. These maritime missions often take place in littoral environments, where acts of piracy, drug trafficking and other threaten

  3. Maritime Anomaly Detection by Fusing Sensor Information and Intelligence

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Broek, A.C. van den; Neef, R.M.; Hanckmann, P.; Smith, A.J.E.

    2011-01-01

    Because of global economic and socio-political changes, an increase of conflicts near the world's coastlines is anticipated. The littoral zone is characterized by intense regular vessel traffic. The conduct of Maritime Security Operations and Peace support Operations therefore means that navies have

  4. Maritime piracy situation modelling with dynamic Bayesian networks

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Dabrowski, James M

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available A generative model for modelling maritime vessel behaviour is proposed. The model is a novel variant of the dynamic Bayesian network (DBN). The proposed DBN is in the form of a switching linear dynamic system (SLDS) that has been extended into a...

  5. Maritime Pattern Extraction from AIS Data Using a Genetic Algorithm

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dobrkovic, Andrej; Iacob, Maria Eugenia; van Hillegersberg, Jos

    2016-01-01

    The long term prediction of maritime vessels' destinations and arrival times is essential for making an effective logistics planning. As ships are influenced by various factors over a long period of time, the solution cannot be achieved by analyzing sailing patterns of each entity separately.

  6. The Maritime and Border Regions of Western Europe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corner, Trevor

    1988-01-01

    Discusses the diversity of languages in Western Europe and the peripheralization of maritime and border languages through isolation, domination by other languages, and fragmentation of the culture. Discusses minority rights issues, suggesting rise in bilingual education implies border-language revival. 5 tables, 27 references. (TES)

  7. La surveillance maritime en Méditerranée

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mélanie Fournier

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Dans un bassin maritime stratégique comme celui de la Méditerranée, bassin fragile, inégal et géopolitiquement explosif, il reste crucial pour les Etats riverains d’établir une surveillance des activités légales et illégales. Nous avons sélectionné ce bassin maritime comme terrain d’analyse de notre recherche qui repose sur l’étude des grands projets européens dédiés à la surveillance maritime. Ce travail vise d’abord à proposer un état de l’art : il cherche à établir une synthèse des services proposés par les grands industriels travaillant sur les marchés civils et militaires et à évaluer dans quelle mesure il serait possible d’améliorer et de compléter les technologies existantes. Il a aussi pour objectif d’évaluer les informations recueillies via une image satellitale par l’établissement d’un historique des outils d’observation utilisés pour la surveillance maritime avec leurs caractéristiques, leurs avantages et inconvénients.

  8. Maritime improvised explosive devices, modelling and large scale trials

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Heuvel, W. van den; Trouwborst, W.; Vader, J.A.A.

    2013-01-01

    Maritime Improvised Explosive Devices (MIEDs) such as small boats filled with explosives are likely to be a threat in future combat scenarios. For example the suicide attack against the USS Cole in Yemen (October 2000) has shown how disastrous MIEDs can be. With relatively simple means a complete co

  9. Passive Multistatic Detection of Maritime Targets using Opportunistic Radars

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-03-01

    optimal configuration using MATLAB simulation. The simulation results are obtained using actual system parameters extracted from civil marine radar ...Bistatic Radar . Norwood, MA: Artech House, Technology Service Corporation, p. 1, 1995. [2] D. C. Jenn, Radar and Laser Cross Section Engineering...MULTISTATIC DETECTION OF MARITIME TARGETS USING OPPORTUNISTIC RADARS by Chong Sze Sing March 2014 Thesis Advisor: Herschel H. Loomis Co-Advisor

  10. Texture orientation-based algorithm for detecting infrared maritime targets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Bin; Dong, Lili; Zhao, Ming; Wu, Houde; Xu, Wenhai

    2015-05-20

    Infrared maritime target detection is a key technology for maritime target searching systems. However, in infrared maritime images (IMIs) taken under complicated sea conditions, background clutters, such as ocean waves, clouds or sea fog, usually have high intensity that can easily overwhelm the brightness of real targets, which is difficult for traditional target detection algorithms to deal with. To mitigate this problem, this paper proposes a novel target detection algorithm based on texture orientation. This algorithm first extracts suspected targets by analyzing the intersubband correlation between horizontal and vertical wavelet subbands of the original IMI on the first scale. Then the self-adaptive wavelet threshold denoising and local singularity analysis of the original IMI is combined to remove false alarms further. Experiments show that compared with traditional algorithms, this algorithm can suppress background clutter much better and realize better single-frame detection for infrared maritime targets. Besides, in order to guarantee accurate target extraction further, the pipeline-filtering algorithm is adopted to eliminate residual false alarms. The high practical value and applicability of this proposed strategy is backed strongly by experimental data acquired under different environmental conditions.

  11. The Maritime Performing Party in the Rotterdam Rules 2009

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    F.G.M. Smeele (Frank)

    2010-01-01

    textabstractINTRODUCTION. In an attempt to deal uniformly with several complex and delicate legal issues that have divided the seafaring nations of the world for most of the last century, the Rotterdam Rules 2009 (hereafter: RR) introduce the concept of the “maritime performing party”. This is a

  12. Le bassin de la mer Noire, un enjeu de la Grande Guerre en Méditerranée

    OpenAIRE

    Delanoë, Igor

    2013-01-01

    Loin de constituer un théâtre d’affrontements secondaires, le bassin de la mer Noire se retrouve projeté au cœur des enjeux de la première guerre mondiale dès l’automne 1914. Pour les franco-britanniques, il s’agit de l’interface maritime permettant de venir en aide à l’allié russe afin que celui-ci poursuive la guerre à l’Est. Pour le Reich, aidé de l’allié Ottoman, il s’agit de la route vers le pétrole de la Caspienne, nécessaire à la poursuite de l’effort de guerre. Or, l’échec de l’Entent...

  13. Equazioni: le icone del sapere

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    S. Bais

    2009-01-01

    Il mistero del cosmo è scritto nel linguaggio della matematica, e le equazioni sono le frasi che ne esprimono la bellezza e la profondità. Cercare di spiegare la scienza senza equazioni è come cercare di spiegare l’arte senza illustrazioni: partendo da questo presupposto, Sander Bais presenta una ga

  14. Le crime fantastique dans _Le grand saigneur_ de Rachilde

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vicky Gauthier

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Marguerite Eymery-Vallette (1860-1953 – plus connue sous son pseudonyme d’homme de lettres Rachilde et davantage encore pour la controverse qu’elle a créée avec la parution de sa troisième œuvre, Monsieur Vénus, roman matérialiste (1884 – a énormément publié tout au long de sa carrière littéraire (on dénombre plus d’une soixantaine d’œuvres : romans, nouvelles, contes, pièces de théâtre, etc.. Écrivant à une époque dite décadente, Rachilde y brille par ses œuvres subversives, abordant entre autres les pratiques sexuelles dépravées (sadomasochisme, nécrophilie, zoophilie, etc., mais surtout le crime (qu’il soit question de meurtre, de viol, de suicide, etc.. Ainsi, son personnage de prédilection est le marginal, le criminel dénué de morale. Cet article portera donc sur la façon dont le crime (et donc le criminel chez Rachilde verse dans le fantastique, plus spécifiquement dans un fantastique du monstrueux moral que je définirai dans un premier temps. Le roman de Rachilde, Le Grand Saigneur (1922, servira ensuite d’exemple significatif de ce monstrueux moral, notamment par l’étude du personnage éponyme de l’œuvre, soit le marquis Yves de Pontcroix, qui incarne ce criminel arborant les traces tant morales (tempérament sauvage et étrange que physiques (force hors du commun, pâleur de la peau, etc. de sa monstruosité. C’est donc dire que face au(x crime(x (ou au criminel le fantastique semble s’imposer de lui-même en guise d’explication : le genre humain ne peut vraisemblablement avoir quelque chose en commun avec cette monstruosité (ou ce monstre moral, pour reprendre les mots de Michel Foucault dans Les Anormaux. En somme, cet article se penchera sur la spécificité de l’écriture rachildienne, qui, dans le cas du roman Le Grand Saigneur, attribue une dimension fantastique au personnage criminel, renforçant d’autant plus la preuve de sa difformité (monstruosité et de sa

  15. Estimating maritime snow density from seasonal climate variables

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bormann, K. J.; Evans, J. P.; Westra, S.; McCabe, M. F.; Painter, T. H.

    2013-12-01

    Snow density is a complex parameter that influences thermal, optical and mechanical snow properties and processes. Depth-integrated properties of snowpacks, including snow density, remain very difficult to obtain remotely. Observations of snow density are therefore limited to in-situ point locations. In maritime snowfields such as those in Australia and in parts of the western US, snow densification rates are enhanced and inter-annual variability is high compared to continental snow regions. In-situ snow observation networks in maritime climates often cannot characterise the variability in snowpack properties at spatial and temporal resolutions required for many modelling and observations-based applications. Regionalised density-time curves are commonly used to approximate snow densities over broad areas. However, these relationships have limited spatial applicability and do not allow for interannual variability in densification rates, which are important in maritime environments. Physically-based density models are relatively complex and rely on empirical algorithms derived from limited observations, which may not represent the variability observed in maritime snow. In this study, seasonal climate factors were used to estimate late season snow densities using multiple linear regressions. Daily snow density estimates were then obtained by projecting linearly to fresh snow densities at the start of the season. When applied spatially, the daily snow density fields compare well to in-situ observations across multiple sites in Australia, and provide a new method for extrapolating existing snow density datasets in maritime snow environments. While the relatively simple algorithm for estimating snow densities has been used in this study to constrain snowmelt rates in a temperature-index model, the estimates may also be used to incorporate variability in snow depth to snow water equivalent conversion.

  16. Le Baratze (ou

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacques Blot

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available El círculo de piedras Mendizabal 7, de 8 metros de diámetro,   presenta una corona externa constituida de grandes bloques   hincados en la tierra, y otra interna y tangente, de elementos idénticos sólo puestos en el suelo. El cajón central está compuesto de cuatro losas y una tapa. No hay depósito de huesos ni de carbón de leña ; sólo se encuentran dos herraduras, entre las cuales una completa de tipo medieval, que podrían permitir de pensar en una construcción del círculo en el periodo histórico.

  17. Le Milton de Toland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James C. BROWN

    2003-10-01

    Full Text Available Alors que l’œuvre de John Milton suscite encore de nombreuses critiques et interprétations, je vous propose un retour en arrière afin d’étudier l’un des premiers écrits biographiques dédié à la vie et à l’œuvre du poète anglais signé par le philosophe irlandais John Toland. Paru en 1698, Life of John Milton dresse un portrait plus complet que ceux que l’on trouve dans les précédentes biographies du poète anglais (Darbishire xxix. Ayant été l’un des premiers biographes de Milton, Toland a pub...

  18. Le citoyen rieur

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Rycman

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Dans la Pologne d’aujourd’hui, l’évolution des modèles d’engagement civique et politique s’opère plus particulièrement auprès des jeunes générations. Parmi les expériences nouvelles de participation politique, les nouvelles technologies de l’information et de la communication offrent des opportunités radicales de reconfigurer l’espace public. La jeunesse polonaise investit en masse le Web. Dans le flux de paroles affranchies circulant et dialoguant dans le cyberespace, nous nous intéressons ici au développement d’un discours qui emprunte au registre de la dérision et de la satire politiques. Une multitude de sites critiques, de nature apparemment contestataire, des sites d’opposition fondés sur le genre satirique, ont émergé comme réponse apportée à la situation politique. Cet espace public électronique représente une forme moderne de « folklore politique », contribuant au processus de socialisation des jeunes citoyens polonais.The laughing citizen. A modern form of civic commitment in democratic Poland?In present day Poland, the evolution of civic and political commitment models is above all the affaire of the younger generations. Among the current opportunities for political participation, the new information and communication technologies offer radical opportunities to reconfigure the public arena. Polish youth are flocking to the Web. Amongst the flux of frank points of views circulating and dialoguing in cyberspace, our interest here is the development of a discourse inspired by political and satirical derision. A multitude of critical, apparently anti-establishment, sites and general opposition sites using the satirical style have emerged as a response to the political situation. This public electronic space represents a modern form of « political folklore », contributing to the socialising processes of young polish citizens.El ciudadano que rie. ¿Nueva forma del compromiso cívico en la

  19. Le temps des saints

    OpenAIRE

    Alberola Romá, Armando; Armogathe,Jean-Robert; Blanco, Emilio; Caillavet, Chantal; Cantarino, Elena; Cárceles de Gea, Beatriz; Cavillac, Michel; Chastagnaret, Gérard; Corcuera Atienza, Javier; Croizat-Viallet, Jean; Edouard, Sylvène; Goffaux, Bertrand; González Calleja, Eduardo; Huard, Raymond; Lacomba, Marta

    2006-01-01

    Les contributeurs de ce dossier — historiens, spécialistes de la littérature et de l’iconographie — ont souhaité montrer comment se «fabriquent», au sens noble du terme, les saints dans l’Église catholique espagnole. Par l’écrit ou la parole, par les textes et les images, la sainteté est au Siècle d’or le centre d’une production culturelle intense ainsi qu’un enjeu idéologique: il s’agit, d’une part, de réaffirmer un culte très contesté par la Réforme et de souligner la prééminence de l’Espag...

  20. Conaissez vous le roumain?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Montes Giraldo José Joaquín

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available

    Mioara AVRAM, Marius SALA, Conaissez vous le roumain?, Bucarest, Unión Latina, 2001. El libro de Avram y Sala es en parte una condensación del libro de Sala. Presenta en su primer capítulo lo esencial de la historia externa del rumano: nombres, localización, hablantes, clasificación genealógica, tipo, orígenes, dialectos, contactos lingüísticos antiguos y modernos, escritura, normalización, lengua literaria, etc. Esto acompañado de indicaciones bibliográficas y sobre el estudio del rumano en universidades extranjeras.