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Sample records for lauri lukas mart

  1. Lauri Liipa : alati saab paremini / Lauri Liipa ; interv. Jaana Pikalev

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Liipa, Lauri, 1972-

    2007-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti 12. dets. lk. 19. AS TNT Express Worldwide Eesti uus juht Lauri Liipa vastab küsimustele ettevõtte juhtimise ja ettevõtte rollist kiirkullerteenuste pakkumisel. Lisa: CV: Lauri Liipa

  2. Lõuka tuuliku restaureerimine / Dan Lukas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lukas, Dan

    2005-01-01

    Hiiumaal Pühalepa vallas Vahtrepa külas Lõuka talu maadel asuva pukktuuliku ajaloost, restaureerimise käigust. Teostus: Dan Lukas. Muinsuskaitseline järelevalve: Tõnu Sepp, tema kommentaar. Ill.:pukktuuliku lõiked ja korruste plaanid, 7 värv. fotot

  3. Vesipiibu korter / Lauri Nõmme

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nõmme, Lauri

    2005-01-01

    Sisearhitekt Lauri Nõmme kujundatud poissmehe ühetoaline korter (28.5 mø) Tallinna kesklinnas 1974. a. ehitatud majas. Toa osas on põrandapind tõstetud, poodiumialune pind on kasutusel panipaikadena. Ill.: korteri plaan, 9 värv. vaadet

  4. Pengaruh Frekuensi Vibrasi terhadap Penyembuhan Luka Diabetes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yunita Sari

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Page Header User Username Password Remember me Editorial Team Editor Policies Mechanism & Ethics Author Guideline Reference Tools: About The Authors Yunita Sari Eman Sutrisna Hartono H Article Tools Print this article Indexing metadata How to cite item Finding References Review policy Email this article (Login required Email the author (Login required Information For Readers For Authors For Librarians Journal Content Search Search Scope Browse By Issue By Author By Title Home About Login Register Search Current Archives Announcements Register Index Contact Us Home > Vol 4, No 2 (2016 > Sari Pengaruh Frekuensi Vibrasi terhadap Penyembuhan Luka Diabetes Yunita Sari, Eman Sutrisna, Hartono H Abstract Penelitian menyatakan bahwa vibrasi 47 Hz dapat meningkatkan penyembuhan luka diabetes. Namun sampai saat ini belum diketahui apakah frekuensi dibawah dan diatas 47 Hz dapat meningkatkan penyembuhan luka diabetes. Oleh karena itu, tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui efek frekuensi vibrasi yang berbeda terhadap penyembuhan luka diabetes. Desain penelitian eksperimen ini melibatkan 5 kelompok tikus putih; kelompok yang mendapatkan vibrasi 40 Hz (frekuensi rendah, kelompok 106 Hz (frekuensi menengah, kelompok 200 Hz (frekuensi tinggi, kelompok 300 Hz (frekuensi sangat tinggi, dan kelompok kontrol (tanpa vibrasi. Induksi diabetes dilakukan dengan Alloxan Monohidrat. Vibrasi diberikan selama 10 menit. Status luka didasarkan pada jaringan nekrotik, ukuran luka, inflamasi, dan reepitelisasi. Analisis histologi dilakukan dengan pewarnaan Hematoksilin dan Eosin. Ukuran luka dianalisis dengan uji ANOVA, diikuti oleh tes Tukey. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa jaringan nekrotik dan intensitas inflamasi paling sedikit pada kelompok 40 Hz, dan paling banyak pada kelompok 300 Hz. Reepitelisasi paling baik pada kelompok 40 Hz, dan paling rusak pada 300 Hz. Ukuran luka di kelompok 40 Hz secara signifikan lebih kecil dibandingkan dengan kelompok lain

  5. Meet EPA Physical Scientist Lukas Oudejans

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lukas Oudejans, Ph.D. is a physical scientist working in EPA’s National Homeland Security Research Center. His research focuses on preparing cleanup options for the agency following a disaster incident.

  6. Preemiad said Rein Raud, fs, Mart Kivastik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Eesti Kultuurkapitali 2004. aasta kirjanduse aastapreemia laureaadid on: Rein Raud ("Hector ja Bernard"), fs (luulekogu "2004"), Mart Kivastik (näidend "Külmetava kunstniku portree"), Jaan Rannap ("Nelja nimega koer"), Toomas Haug ("Troojamäe tõotus"), Harald Rajamets (tõlkeluule kogumik "Pegasos ja peegel"), Antoine Chalvin ("Kalevipoja" tõlge prantsuse keelde"), Ilmar Talve ("Eesti kultuurilugu"), Lauri Sommer (artikkel Uku Masingu käsikirja "Saadik Magellani pilvest" vaimne, ajalis-ruumiline ja elulooline taust), Boris Tuch ("Gorjatshaja desjatka estonskihh pisatelei")

  7. A. VAN SELMS. LUKAS SE SEGSMAN VIR DIE GESKIEDENIS VAN ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Test

    oordele aan die eerste drie hoofstukke van sy Evangelie, het Lukas onder „van ..... Simon te onderskei van Simon Petrus, hoef ons nie erns te maak nie. .... op hulle beurt vereenselwig met Mosa van Jos. .... i&) Lukas der Arzt. Leipzig, 1906.

  8. Kutsehariduskeskus areneb iga päevaga / Tõnis Lukas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lukas, Tõnis, 1962-

    2009-01-01

    Minister Tõnis Lukase vastus Paide Kutsekeskkooli ning Türi Tehnika- ja Maamajanduskooli kolme endise direktori avalikule kirjale: Lugupeetud minister Tõnis Lukas : avalik kiri haridus- ja teadusministrile / Lembit Veermaa, Vahur Salom, Toomas Šadeiko // Järva Teataja (2009) 8. sept., lk. 2

  9. Lukas 2:14 vanuit 'n Joods-Christelike perspektief

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A concordance to the Septuagint, Vol L Graz: Akademische Druck- u Verlagsanstalt. Jeremias, J 1980. Die sprache des Lukasevangeliums. Gottingen; Vandenhoeck &. Ruprecht. Kilpatrick, R S 1988. The Greek syntax of Luke 2:14. NTS 34,472-475. Maier, G 1991. Lukas-Evangelium, 1 Teil. Neuhausen-Stuttgart: Hanssler.

  10. Determinan Infeksi Luka Operasi Pascabedah Sesar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fridawaty Rivai

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Infeksi luka operasi (ILO adalah bagian dari infeksi nosokomial dan merupakan masalah dalam pelayanan kesehatan, terjadi pada 2 - 5% dari 27 juta pasien yang dioperasi setiap tahun dan 25% dari jumlah infeksi terjadi di fasilitas pelayanan. Penelitian bertujuan mengetahui hubungan usia, status gizi, jenis operasi, lama rawat prabedah, kadar Hb, transfusi darah, waktu pemberian antibiotik profilaksis, jenis anestesi, lama pembedahan serta lama rawat pascabedah dengan kejadian ILO pada pasien pascabedah sesar di RSUP Dr. Sardjito Yogyakarta. Rancangan desain penelitian studi observasional prospektif dilakukan dengan sampel 154 orang. Data diperoleh melalui observasi menggunakan daftar tilik sejak pasien masuk rumah sakit sampai 30 hari pascabedah. Analisis data meliputi analisis univariat, analisis bivariat dengan menggunakan uji kai kuadrat serta analisis multivariat dengan uji regresi logistik berganda. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan ada hubungan antara waktu pemberian antibiotik profilaksis (OR = 1,16; 95% CI = 1,09 - 1,37, lama rawat prabedah (OR = 1,12; 95% CI = 1,02 - 1,24 dan lama rawat pascabedah (OR = 1,21; 95% CI = 1,04 - 1,39 dengan kejadian ILO. Faktor lainnya tidak mempunyai hubungan yang signifikan terhadap kejadian ILO. Hasil uji regresi logistik ganda menemukan lama rawat pascabedah merupakan faktor yang paling dominan terhadap kejadian ILO. Identifikasi faktor risiko ILO dapat bermanfaat untuk merencanakan upaya meminimalkan kejadian ILO pada pasien pascabedah sesar. Surgical site infection (SSI is part of health care associated infection and remains a problem in hospital care. SSI occurs in 2 to 5% of the 27 million patients having surgery each year and 25% of infections occur in care facilities. This study aimed to relation various such as age, nutritional status, type of surgery, pre-operative length of stay, hemoglobin level, bloodtransfusions, timing of antibiotics prophylaxis, type of anesthesia, duration of operation and post

  11. Ministr obrazovanija : Russkomu obrazovaniju nitshto ne ugrazhajet / Tõnis Lukas ; interv. Jana Litvinova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lukas, Tõnis, 1962-

    2007-01-01

    Haridus- ja teadusminister Tõnis Lukas vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad hariduse finantseerimist, õpetajate kvalifikatsiooni, vene koolide reforme ja kohustusliku kirjanduse hulka mittesobivaid raamatuid

  12. Efek Pemberian Suntikan Subkutan Vitamin C Terhadap Luka Insisi Dermal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Surya Darma

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak Vitamin C berfungsi sebagai kofaktor enzyme prolil dan lysil hydroxilase. Enzym tersebut berfungsi dalam proses hidroksilasi yang membentuk ikatan hidroksiprolin dan hidroksilisin pada fibroblast dalam membentuk kolagen. Selain itu Vitaimin C juga berfungsi meregulasi dan menstabilkan trankripsi gen mRNA prokolagen pada proses pembentukan kolagen di dermis. Berdasarkan hal tersebut diatas, peneliti tertarik untuk membuktikan apakah pemberian vitamin C subkutan disekitar luka insisi dermal berefek pada pembentukan kolagen yang lebih padat dalam proses penyembuhan luka. Metode: Penelitian eksperimental ini menggunakan tikus Wistar sebanyak 32 ekor, yang dibagi menjadi 2 kelompok yaitu 16 ekor sebagai kontrol dan 16 ekor lagi sebagai perlakuan. Pada kedua kelompok dilakukan insisi di punggung sepanjang 2 cm. Kelompok perlakuan diberi suntikan vitamin C subkutan disekitar luka insisi dermal sebanyak 9 mg (0,09ml, sedangkan kelompokkontrol tidak diberikan.Pada hari kelima dilakukan pengambilan jaringan luka pada kedua sampel untuk pemeriksaan kepadatan kolagen secara mikroskopik. Hasil:Kepadatan kolagen pada hari kelimamenunjukkan perbedaan yang bermakna dari efek penyuntikan vitamin C subkutan terhadap kepadatan kolagen (χ2 = 5,833; P<0,05. Kesimpulan: Penyuntikan vitamin C subkutan disekitar luka insisi dermal efektif dalam meeningkatan kepadatan kolagen. Kata kunci: suntikan vitamin C subkutan, kepadatan kolagen.Abstract Vitamin C functions as enzyme co-factor for prolyl and hidroxylase lysil. The enzyme functions in hydroxylase process that builds hydroxyproline and hydroxylysine bondsin fibroblast in the synthesis of collagen. Besides that, vitamin C also functions in regulating and stabilizing procollagen mRNA gen transcription in dermal collagen synthesis. Based on the facts above, researchers are interested to prove whether subcutaneous injection of vitamin C around dermal insisional wound would result in more compact collagen

  13. Efek Pemberian Suntikan Subkutan Vitamin C Terhadap Luka Insisi Dermal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Surya Darma

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak Vitamin C berfungsi sebagai kofaktor enzyme prolil dan lysil hydroxilase. Enzym tersebut berfungsi dalam proses hidroksilasi yang membentuk ikatan hidroksiprolin dan hidroksilisin pada fibroblast dalam membentuk kolagen. Selain itu Vitaimin C juga berfungsi meregulasi dan menstabilkan trankripsi gen mRNA prokolagen pada proses pembentukan kolagen di dermis. Berdasarkan hal tersebut diatas, peneliti tertarik untuk membuktikan apakah pemberian vitamin C subkutan disekitar luka insisi dermal berefek pada pembentukan kolagen yang lebih padat dalam proses penyembuhan luka. Metode: Penelitian eksperimental ini menggunakan tikus Wistar sebanyak 32 ekor, yang dibagi menjadi 2 kelompok yaitu 16 ekor sebagai kontrol dan 16 ekor lagi sebagai perlakuan. Pada kedua kelompok dilakukan insisi di punggung sepanjang 2 cm. Kelompok perlakuan diberi suntikan vitamin C subkutan disekitar luka insisi dermal sebanyak 9 mg (0,09ml, sedangkan kelompokkontrol tidak diberikan.Pada hari kelima dilakukan pengambilan jaringan luka pada kedua sampel untuk pemeriksaan kepadatan kolagen secara mikroskopik. Hasil:Kepadatan kolagen pada hari kelimamenunjukkan perbedaan yang bermakna dari efek penyuntikan vitamin C subkutan terhadap kepadatan kolagen (χ2 = 5,833; P<0,05. Kesimpulan: Penyuntikan vitamin C subkutan disekitar luka insisi dermal efektif dalam meeningkatan kepadatan kolagen. Kata kunci: suntikan vitamin C subkutan, kepadatan kolagen. Abstract Vitamin C functions as enzyme co-factor for prolyl and hidroxylase lysil. The enzyme functions in hydroxylase process that builds hydroxyproline and hydroxylysine bondsin fibroblast in the synthesis of collagen. Besides that, vitamin C also functions in regulating and stabilizing procollagen mRNA gen transcription in dermal collagen synthesis. Based on the facts above, researchers are interested to prove whether subcutaneous injection of vitamin C around dermal insisional wound would result in more compact collagen

  14. Uus aasta toob üldhariduskoolidele stabiilsuse / Tõnis Lukas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lukas, Tõnis, 1962-

    2007-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Pärnu Postimees, 16. nov. 2007, lk. 15; Valgamaalane, 15. nov. 2007, lk. 2; Harjumaa, 20. nov. 2007, lk. 2; Hiiu Leht, 20. nov. 2007, lk. 7; Põhjarannik, 20. nov. 2007, lk. 2; Severnoje Poberezhje, 20. nov. 2007, lk. 2; Vooremaa, 20. nov. 2007, lk. 2; Võrumaa Teataja, 20. nov. 2007, lk. 2; Tartu Ekspress, 22. nov. 2007, lk. 6; Sakala, 23. nov. 2007, lk. 2; Lääne Elu, 24. nov. 2007, lk. 2; Virumaa Teataja, 29. nov. 2007, lk. 11; Koit, 29. nov. 2007, lk. 6; Nädaline, 22. dets. 2007, lk. 4. Haridusminister Tõnis Lukas uuest üldhariduskoolide rahastamismudelist

  15. Missugune tuleb X Academica? / Lea Kivi, Lauri Randveer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivi, Lea

    2006-01-01

    Vastavad Lea Kivi ja Lauri Randveer välissuhete osakonnast 23. - 27. septembrini toimuvast Saksa-Eesti akadeemilisest nädalast teemal "Viimane aastakümme Eestis ja Saksamaal: kuhu me oleme jõudnud?"

  16. Eesti filmitegijad Moskva foorumi fookuses / Lauri Kärk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kärk, Lauri, 1954-

    2004-01-01

    24.-30. maini toimus 8. SRÜ ja Baltimaade uue filmi foorum Moskvas, kus Eestist osales kuus filmi. Toimus rida diskussioone. Eestist osalesid Sulev Keedus, Rein Kotov, Lauri Kärk, Elo Tust. Veidi pikemalt ka Kesk-Aasia filmist

  17. Consumer attitudes on buying fish in Banja Luka

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ostojić Aleksandar

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective of research presented in the paper is to determine the basic parameters affecting the purchase, supply and consumption of fish in the market of the city of Banja Luka (Bosnia and Herzegovina. The survey was conducted on a random sample of 100 respondents. The data were analyzed by univariante (frequency and distribution and two-variant statistical methods and cross-tabulation. The conclusions are that for the purchase of fish, freshness is a primary factor, which is to be expected given the type of product as well as the origin, and price and type of fish. Out of all respondents, 41% said they were not informed enough about the fish as a food, while the remaining 59% said they got information through different media channels. It was found that consumers are generally informed about the importance of fish as a foodstuff through secondary promotion channels, i.e. 'word of mouth'. Consumers in Banja Luka prefer fresh fish, and the most consumed is freshwater fish. As a place of buying fish, both hypermarket and fish shops are equally represented. Factors of purchase may have a major role in creating consumer attitude towards fish and therefore, producers and sellers of fish are recommended too take into account the results of this and similar studies, in order to segment their markets and develop better marketing tools/strategies and thus make better approach of fish consumers to defined market segments.

  18. AQS Data Mart

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — The AQS Data Mart is a database that contains all of the information from the AQS system. It is a storehouse of air quality information that allows users to make...

  19. Mart Laar : impeeriumi enesepettus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Parlamendiliige Mart Laar kirjutab USA mõjukas päevalehes The Wall Street Journal, et naftadollarite toel ja lääneriikide leeris valitseva korratuse tingimustes loodab Venemaa taastada oma kadunud impeeriumi

  20. Kecepatan Kesembuhan Luka Insisi Yang Diberi Amoksisilin Dan Asam Mefenamat Pada Tikus Putih

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I Wayan Fandhi Wibawa Lostapa

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui kecepatan kesembuhan luka insisi pada tikus putih (Rattus norvegicus yang diberikan obat amoksisilin dan asam mefenamat ditinjau dari gambaran makroskopik dan mikroskopik. Tiga puluh dua ekor tikus putih jantan dengan berat 150-200 gram dibagi menjadi 2 kelompok secara acak dibuat luka insisi pada linea alba dengan panjang insisi 2 cm dengan kedalaman hingga menembus peritoneum. Tikus Kelompok perlakuan I adalah tikus yang diberikan amoksisilin dengan dosis 150 mg/kg BB/ hari pasca operasi, sedangkan kelompok perlakuan II adalah tikus yang diberikan amoksisilin dosis 150 mg/kg BB/ hari yang dikombinasikan dengan asam mefenamat dengan dosis 45 mg/kg BB/hari pasca operasi selama 3 hari. Pengamatan kesembuhan luka secara makroskopik dilakukan setiap hari selama 14 hari. Pada hari ketujuh dan keempat belas, 8 ekor tikus dari masing-masing kelompok dieutanasi, kemudian kulit lokasi luka insisi dikoleksi untuk pemeriksaan histopatologis. Hasil pemeriksaan menunjukkan bahwa pemberian amoksisilin dan asam mefenamat mempercepat kesembuhan luka dibandingkan kelompok tikus yang hanya diberi amoksisilin dengan hilangnya tanda kemerahan dan kebengkakan pada hari ke-6. Secara histopatologis tidak terjadi perbedaan yang signifikan terhadap sel epitel, sel radang dan jaringan kolagen luka insisi tikus putih.

  1. Kunstiga Eestimaad avastamas / Mart Helme

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Helme, Mart, 1949-

    2006-01-01

    Kirjastuselt "Kunst" ilmunud uued raamatud: "Eestimaa. Looduse teejuht", tekst ja fotod Tiit Hunt; "Eestimaa. Linnuste teejuht", tekst Mart Helme; "Eestimaa. Kirikute teejuht", tekst Mart Helme, fotod Peeter Säre; "Eestimaa. Kultuurituristi teejuht", koostaja Tiiu Viirand; "Eestimaa. Ranniku teejuht", tekst Tiiu Viirand; "Eestimaa mõisate teejuht", fotod Peeter Säre, tekst Mart Helme, Alfred Wells

  2. "mina usun sõna..." : [luuletused] / Maarja Kangro, Mart Kangur, Lauri Kitsnik jt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Sisu: "mina usun sõna..." ; Tüdruk heitis mulle silma (Silmapartii) ; "Helista siis mulle. Hoolimata sellest, mis kell ma täna magama..." ; Tärkab ; Toad ; "Tee sees on augud. Maa sees on augud..." ; "Puuk on perses. Ai-ai, valus on..." ; Päärätik ; Pliidikütt ; "Ukrainlannast põetaja..." ; Stereonurr ; "Luuletused..."

  3. Restauratsioon / Mart Velsker

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Velsker, Mart, 1966-

    1998-01-01

    Arvustus: Üheksavägine. Tartu : Erakkond, 1997.Märka, Veiko. Tühja aju korinad; Rahman, Jan. Vasõst vask; Rüütle, Indrek. Lahkumine Puhjast; Serpent, Franȯis. Ka jumal on inimene (kõik EK$i Kaasaegse Kirjanduse Keskuse väljaanded, Tartu, 1997). Vastukaja: Pilv, Aare. Vastuseks Mart Velskri 'Restauratsioonile' // Vikerkaar (1998) nr. 4-5, lk. 185-186

  4. Tuulegeneraatori sündroom: infraheli mahavaikitud mõju / Sarah Laurie ; intervjueerinud Helen Arusoo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laurie, Sarah

    2013-01-01

    Austraalia arst ja tuulegeneraatori sündroomi ohvreid abistava rahvusvahelise organisatsiooni Waubra Foundation tegevtirektor Sarah Laurie loodab saada tuulegeneraatori sündroomile meedikute tunnustuse

  5. Mart Laar tagasi reel / Mart Laar ; interv. Paavo Kangur

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laar, Mart, 1960-

    2007-01-01

    Riigikogu liige Mart Laar vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad tema sissetulekuid ja investeeringuid, perekonda, tööd Swedpanki nõukogus, Gruusia, Montenegro ja Serbia nõustamist, sõprust Suurbritannia endise peaministri Margaret Thatcheriga ning suhteid mitmete Eesti poliitikutega. Lisa: Mart Laar kui investor

  6. "Poetry Does Really Educate": An Interview with Spoken Word Poet Luka Lesson

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xerri, Daniel

    2016-01-01

    Spoken word poetry is a means of engaging young people with a genre that has often been much maligned in classrooms all over the world. This interview with the Australian spoken word poet Luka Lesson explores issues that are of pressing concern to poetry education. These include the idea that engagement with poetry in schools can be enhanced by…

  7. Impact of Geomorphological Changes to Harbor Resonance During Meteotsunamis: The Vela Luka Bay Test Case

    Science.gov (United States)

    Denamiel, Cléa; Šepić, Jadranka; Vilibić, Ivica

    2018-05-01

    In engineering studies, harbor resonance, including quality and amplification factors, is typically computed for swell and waves with periods shorter than 10 min. However, in various locations around the world, such as Vela Luka Bay in Croatia, meteotsunami waves of periods greater than 10 min can excite the bay or harbor natural modes and produce substantial structural damages. In this theoretical study, the impact of some geomorphological changes of Vela Luka Bay—i.e. deepening of the bay, dredging the harbor, adding a pier or a marina—to the amplification of the meteotsunami waves are presented for a set of 6401 idealized pressure wave field forcing used to derive robust statistics. The most substantial increase in maximum elevation is found when the Vela Luka harbor is dredged to a 5 m depth, which is in contradiction with the calculation of the quality factor showing a decrease of the harbor natural resonance. It has been shown that the forcing energy content at different frequency bands should also be taken into account when estimating the quality and amplification factors, as their typical definitions derived from the peak frequency of the sea level spectrum fail to represent the harbor response during meteotsunami events. New definitions of these factors are proposed in this study and are shown to be in good agreement with the results of the statistical analysis of the Vela Luka Bay maximum elevation results. In addition, the presented methodology can easily be applicable to any other location in the world where meteotsunamis occur.

  8. Die barmhartige Samaritaan: 'n Preekskets van Lukas 10: 25—37*^

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    1.2 Die verklaring vir hierdie redaksionele tendens lê nie in 'n oer-. Christelike Kommunisme nie, maar daarin dat Lukas aan 'n ver- volgde gemeente skryf. Gelowiges is in hierdie tyd aanvanklik met konfiskasie van hul besittings en uiteindelik met die dood gestraf. Die vonnis het in groot mate van die amptenare se oordeel ...

  9. [Nematodes (Nematoda) from bats (Chiroptera) of the Samarskaya Luka Peninsula (Russia)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirillova, N Iu; Kirillov, A A; Vekhnik, V P

    2008-01-01

    Fauna of parasitic nematodes from Chiroptera of the Samarskaya Luka has been studied. Seven nematode species has been recorded. Numbers of host specimens, indices of extensiveness and intensiveness of the invasion, parasite abundance, and brief characteristics of the nematode species are given. Some nematode species were for the first time recorded in bats of Russia.

  10. Aasta Põllumeheks kuulutati Timmi Mart

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2009-01-01

    22. oktoobril 2009 Toompeal Riigikogu hoones toimunud konverentsil kuulutati Aasta Põllumeheks 2009 Jaagumäe talu peremees Mart Timmi Võrumaalt Navi külast. President Toomas Hendrik Ilves andis Mart Timmile koos aasta põllumehe tiitliga üle Ferdi Sannamehe skulptuuri "Külvaja" vähendatud koopia

  11. Borassus aethiopum Mart, Arecaceae

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SARAH

    28 févr. 2014 ... Gbesso et al. J. Appl. Biosci. 2014. Distribution géographique de Borassus aethiopum Mart et caractérisation phytoécologique de leurs habitats du Benin. 6105. Sc1. Sc2. Sc3. Sc4. Sc5. Sc6. Sc7. Sc8. Ss1. Ss2. Ss4. Ss5. Ss7. Ss8. Ss9. Ss10. Sg1. Sg2. Sg3. Sg4. Sg5. Sg6. Sg7. Sg8. Sg9. Sg10. Sg11.

  12. Persea schiedeana (Lauraceae), nuevo hospedero de Heilipus lauri Boheman (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) en Veracruz, México

    OpenAIRE

    Castañeda-Vildózola, Alvaro; Del Ángel-Coronel, Oscar A; Cruz-Castillo, Juan G; Váldez-Carrasco, Jorge

    2009-01-01

    Se reporta por primera vez la presencia del Molytinae Heilipus lauri Boheman atacando frutos de Persea schiedeana, comúnmente conocidos como "chinene" in Hustusco y Zongolica, Veracruz, México. The presence of the Molytinae Heilipus lauri Boheman is reported for the first time attacking fruits of Persea schiedeana, commonly called "chinene" in Huatusco and Zongolica, state of Veracruz, Mexico.

  13. Rahvusvaheline mees Mart Laar = Mart Laar, international man / Ingvar Bärenklau

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bärenklau, Ingvar, 1967-

    2006-01-01

    Eesti ekspeaministri Mart Laari uutest väljakutsetest pärast Milton Friedmani nimelise auhinna saamist. Lisad: Fakte Mart Laari kohta; Teised Mart Laarist. Vt. samas: Laar soovitab suvisel Eestimaal ringi sõita

  14. Der Fall Wal-Mart

    OpenAIRE

    Senge, Konstanze

    2004-01-01

    In dem Text werden Gründe für die gescheiterte Expansionsstrategie des weltgrößten Einzelhandelsunternehmens Wal-Mart nach Deutschland diskutiert. Differenziert werden vor allem 3 Fehlerquellen: So hat Wal-Mart die ökonomischen, politischen und kulturellen Besonderheiten in Deutschland nicht ausreichend beachtet. Zur Erklärung der Situation Wal-Marts in Deutschland wird das Modell des soziologischen Neo-Institutionalismus herangezogen, insbesondere wird auf die Konzepte Legitimität und Iso...

  15. Mart Laar imedemaalt / Neeme Raud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raud, Neeme, 1969-

    2006-01-01

    Milton Friedmani vabaduse edendamise preemia pälvinud Mart Laari arvamusi teiste laureaatide ja Eesti edu kohta. Lisa: Friedmani preemia. Vt. samas intervjuud Salvadori ekspresidendi Fransisco Florese ja Londoni majandusinstituudi peadirektori John Blundelliga

  16. Gambaran histopatologi penyembuhkan luka pencabutan gigi pada makrofag dan neovaskular dengan pemberian getah batang pisang ambon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hendrik Setia Budi

    2018-04-01

    mandibula. Kelompok pertama sebagai kontrol, pada soket diberi gel hidroksipropil metil selulosa (HPMC 4%, kelompok kedua diberi GEGPA 60%, dan kelompok ketiga diberi gelatin sponge. Tikus dikorbankan pada hari ke-3 dan 5 untuk pemeriksaan histopatologi neovaskular dan makrofag pada soket. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan terdapat perbedaan yang bermakna terhadap kelompok kontrol pada jumlah neovaskular dan makrofag soket pada hari ke-3 (p0,05. Disimpulkan bahwa pemberian GEGPA 60% dapat mempercepat penyembukan luka pencabutan gigi melalui peningkatan jumlah makrofag dan neovaskular.

  17. Bioclimatic indices based on the menex model example on Banja Luka

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pecelj Milica

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available It has long been known that weather and climate have influence on human health and well-being. The human organism is in constant interaction with the environmental conditions. To access the atmospheric impact on humans, different methods in human bioclimatology are created. Most of them are based on human heat balance. In this paper it has been tried to present several bioclimatic indices based on the human heat balance according to the bioclimatic model menex (man-environment exchange. The aim of this paper is to present bioclimatic conditions in Banja Luka vicinage (Bosnia and Herzegovina and to explore climate-recreation relationship. In the near vicinity of Banja Luka there are three spa centers that are favorable for recreation. For this analysis average available daily weather data for two extreme months (January and July, 1990 were used as well as the average monthly weather values for the period 1961-1990. The data were taken from Banja Luka weather station. As a result, several thermophisiological bioclimatic indices have been obtained. These are heat load in man, physiological strain, subjective temperature, subjective physiological temperature.

  18. Pengaruh Cairan Cultur Filtrate Fibroblast (CFF Terhadap Penyembuhan Luka; Penelitian eksperimental pada Rattus Norvegicus Galur Wistar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oky Masir

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakLatar belakang:Metode penyembuhan luka telah mengalami perkembangan, baik berupa suatu produk atau stimulan terhadap proses biologis tubuh dalam menkompensasi luka. Fibroblas merupakan salah satu komponen penyembuhan yang berperan penting dalam proses fibroplasia. Culture Filtrate Fibroblast (CFF merupakan hasil kultur fibroblas yang akan dibuktikan efeknya terhadap proses percepatan penyembuhan luka pada penelitian ini. Metode. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain eksperimental dengan metode post test only control group design dan rancangan acak kelompok (RAK dengan menggunakan tikus putih wistar. Hewan coba dibagi menjadi 4 kelompok, yaitu 2 kelompok perlakuan yang diberikan CFF ke area eksisi luka dan kelompok kontrol yang diberikan larutan NaCl 0,9% ke area eksisi luka. Data diolah dengan SPSS 16.0. Data Kategori dianalisa dengan Chi-squared dan data numerik dengan Independent T-test. Hasil. Dari tingkat penyembuhan tidak ditemukan perbedaan pada kedua kelompok, namun perubahan restriksi jaringan lebih besar pada kelompok perlakuan. Pada skor pembentukan kolagen, derajat epitelisasi serta jumlah pembentukan pembuluh darah baru pada hari ke-3 tidak ditemukan perbedaan antara kedua kelompok. Namun pada pengamatan hari ke-7 memperlihatkan pembentukan kolagen, derajat epitelisasi serta jumlah pembentukan pembuluh darah baru lebih banyak pada kelompok perlakuan. Pada fibrosis hari ke-3 dan hari ke-7 memperlihatkan terjadinya fibrosis lebih banyak pada kelompok perlakuan dibanding kontrol. Pada pengamatan terjadinya infeksi hari ke-3 memperlihatkan infeksi lebih sedikit pada kelompok perlakuan dan terjadinya infeksi sama pada hari ke-7. Kesimpulan. CFF memberikan tingkat penyembuhan luka yang lebih baik dibanding NaCl.Kata kunci: CFF, NaCl 0,9 %, tingkat penyembuhan luka.Abstract Background: Wound healing methods have been developed, either a product or a stimulant to the body's biological processes in wound compensation. Fibroblasts is one

  19. Does Wal-Mart Sell Inferior Goods?

    OpenAIRE

    Emek Basker

    2008-01-01

    I estimate the aggregate income elasticity of Wal-Mart's and Target's revenues using quarterly data for 1997-2006. I find that Wal-Mart's revenues increase during bad times, whereas Target's revenues decrease, consistent with Wal-Mart selling "inferior goods" in the technical sense of the term. An upper bound on the aggregate income elasticity of demand for Wal-Mart's wares is -0.5.

  20. Kuidas vähendada noorte alkoholitarbimist? / Haller, Aivar; Viitpoom, Katri; Beekmann, Lauri; Tiro, Maria

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Küsimusele vastavad Eesti Lastevanemate Liidu juhatuse nimel Aivar Haller, Aravete Keskkooli koolipsühholoog Katri Viitpoom, Eesti karskusliidu AVE esimees Lauri Beekmann ja Jüri Gümnaasiumi direktor Maria Tiro

  1. Kuu plaat : Lauri Saatpalu ja Katrin Mandel "Sa oled hea". Plaadid kauplusest Lasering

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Heliplaatidest: Lauri Saatpalu ja Katrin Mandel "Sa oled hea", Goldfrapp "Supernature", Ultima Thule "Ingel ja suli", Sigur Ros "Takk...", Franz Ferdinand "You Could Have It So Much Better", Ans.Andur "Tuled peale"

  2. [Persea schiedeana (Lauraceae), a new host of Heilipus lauri Boheman (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in Veracruz, Mexico].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castañeda-Vildózola, Alvaro; Del Angel-Coronel, Oscar A; Cruz-Castillo, Juan G; Váldez-Carrasco, Jorge

    2009-01-01

    The presence of the Molytinae Heilipus lauri Boheman is reported for the first time attacking fruits of Persea schiedeana, commonly called 'chinene' in Huatusco and Zongolica, state of Veracruz, Mexico.

  3. Macroalgae fouling community as quality element for the evaluation of the ecological status in Vela Luka Bay, Croatia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gorana Jelic Mrcelic

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available One year qualitative and quantitative study of communities of three major taxonomic groups has been carried out at test panles placed in the upper infarlittoral zone of coastal area of Vela Luka Bay, Croatia. A list of 44 taxa was recorded. Chaetomorpha sp., Ulva sp., Fosliella farinosa, Sphacelaria cirrosa, Polysiphonia scopulorum were the most frequent dominant taxa. Among 27 algal taxa with noticeable presence only three were classified as ESG (Ecological State Groups I. Low diversity and species richness together with massive presence of the green algae (as Ulva sp. and negligible presence of ESG I taxa, may lead to erroneous conclusion that Vela Luka Bay is eutrophicated area. Low values of biomass and R/P (Rhodophyceae by Phaeophyceae ratio Index together with dominance of Phaeophyta also support conclusion that there is no negative impact of nutrient enrichment on macrophyta fouling community in Vela Luka Bay.

  4. Perbandingan Kecepatan Kesembuhan Luka Insisi yang Diberi Amoksisilin-Deksametason dan Amoksisilin-Asam Mefenamat pada Tikus Putih (Rattus Norvegicus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ni Kadek Laura Sastrawan

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui perbedaan kecepatan kesembuhan luka insisi pada tikus putih (Rattus norvegicus yang diberikan obat deksametason dan asam mefenamat ditinjau dari gambaran makroskopik dan mikroskopik. Tiga puluh ekor tikus putih jantan dengan berat 150-200 gram dibagi menjadi tiga perlakuan, yang diinsisi pada daerah linea alba dengan panjang insisi dua cm dengan kedalaman hingga menembus peritoneum. Penelitian menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL. Pengamatan makroskopik dilakukan setiap hari selama 14 hari. Pada hari ketujuh dan hari ke14, lima ekor tikus dari semua kelompok dieutanasi, kemudian kulit hingga peritoneum lokasi luka insisi dikoleksi untuk pemeriksaan histopatologis. Hasil pemeriksaan makroskopik dianalis secara deskriptif dan pemeriksaan histopatologis dianalisis menggunakan uji Non Parametrik. Hasil pemeriksaan makroskopik dan mikroskopik menunjukan bahwa tikus perlakuan III memberikan efek kesembuhan luka lebih cepat dibandingkan tikus perlakuan II dan tikus perlakuan I karena efek dari peradangan terjadi lebih sedikit (minimal dan kerapatan kolagen yang lebih padat.

  5. Burnout / Mart Jürisoo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jürisoo, Mart, 1950-2014

    2004-01-01

    Rootsi eestlase Mart Jürisoo peagi eestikeelsena ilmuva raamatu "Burnout - miks juhid läbi põlevad?" põhjal kokkuvõtlikult läbipõlemisest, ühiskondlikest nähtustest, mis sellele kaasa aitavad ning sellest hoidumise võimalustest

  6. Efektivitas Sirih Merah dalam Perawatan Luka Perineum di Bidan Praktik Mandiri

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susilo Damarini

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Angka kejadian ruptur perineum pada primipara persalinan normal adalah sekitar 88,9%. Piper crocatum extract atau ekstrak daun sirih merah diketahui mempunyai kandungan kimia yang berefek antiseptik dan antibakteri. Sebagian besar persalinan normal di Kota Bengkulu mengalami ruptur spontan atau episiotomi. Dari 10 persalinan, ada 7 pasien yang mengalami robekan perineum dan kering rata-rata dalam 7 hari, dengan perawatan menggunakan iodin atau merendam/ cebok rebusan daun sirih. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menilai efektivitas penyembuhan luka perineum ibu nifas dengan menggunakan daun sirih merah dan obat antiseptik. Metode penelitian quasi eksperimental, populasi ibu pospartum dengan luka perineum yang ditolong oleh bidan praktik mandiri. Sampel perlakuan 35 orang dan kelompok kontrol 35 orang. Sampel diambil secara accidental sampling. Waktu penelitian bulan Mei – Agustus 2012 di Kota Bengkulu. Variabel lainnya yaitu status kesehatan, obat antibiotik dan status gizi. Analisis menggunakan uji Mann - Whitney Test. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa rata-rata lama penyembuhan luka perineum menggunakan infusum sirih merah adalah 2 - 3 hari sedangkan pada kelompok obat antiseptik rata-rata lama penyembuhan 5 – 6 hari, artinya bahwa daun sirih merah lebih efektif dibandingkan dengan iodine dalam perawatan luka perineum pada masa pospartum. The incidence of perineal rupture in primiparous normal deliveries is 88.9%. Piper crocatum Extract or red betel leaf extract are known contained antiseptic and antibacterial effect. Mostly normal deliveries in Bengkulu City experienced spontaneous rupture or episiotomy. From 10 births, 7 patients experienced perineal laceration and were dry in 7 days by treatment using iodine or soak/ wiping with betel leaf decoction. The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of red betel leaf in healing perineal wound of postpartum mother in Independent Practice Midwife in Bengkulu City 2013. The method of

  7. Búsqueda de vida en Marte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Navarro-González

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available La misión astrobiológica más importante que se ha realizado hasta la fecha ha sido sin duda el proyecto Vikingo de la NASA. Esta misión consistió en tres experimentos biológicos especialmente diseñados para la búsqueda de indicadores de vida en las capas superficiales del suelo marciano. Los tres experimentos dieron resultados positivos. Sin embargo, el análisis de materia orgánica en el suelo marciano demostró la ausencia total de carbono orgánico. Este hallazgo fue utilizado como uno de los argumentos más sólidos en contra de la existencia de vida en la superficie del planeta Marte. Como preparación para futuras misiones a Marte en búsqueda de vida es necesario probar los instrumentos en localidades terrestres que pudieran ser ambientes análogos a Marte. Uno de los desiertos más áridos del planeta es el de Atacama, en el norte de Chile. Estudios químicos y microbiológicos del suelo de Atacama sugieren que el corazón del desierto es en realidad un buen análogo de Marte, ya que no posee vida macroscópica y microscópica, tiene niveles muy bajos de materia orgánica, y sus suelos son muy reactivos. En colaboración con científicos franceses y estadounidenses, estamos preparando una misión robótica dirigida por la NASA para la búsqueda de vida pasada o presente en Marte por lo que el Desierto de Atacama en Chile es el escenario para la preparación de esta misión espacial.

  8. Maos pesitsev bakter võib olla ka lapse kõrvas / Jaan Lukas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lukas, Jaan, 1964-

    2007-01-01

    TÜ Kliinikumi Kõrvakliinikus esitleti professor Mart Kulli eestvedamisel infrapuna spektomeetrit, mis võimaldab maopõletikke põhjustavat bakterit Helicobacter pylori kindlaks teha väljahingatava õhu kaudu

  9. Quality control in Department of Nuclear Medicine, Clinical Center Banja Luka, RS, Bosnia and Herzegovina

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Goran Vuleta

    2007-01-01

    Complete test of publication follows. The aim of this work is to give a review of situations in the Department of Nuclear Medicine in Banja Luka related to quality control. We must perform daily, weekly and monthly control of equipment in the Department of Nuclear Medicine, and we must keep records. In our Department we have equipment from different producers and different year of production: 3 gamma cameras (1973, 1989, 2000); 2 auto gamma counters (2000, 2006); 2 dose calibrators (1973, 2000); 1 thyroid uptake system (2000). Normally procedures for quality control are also different. The situation, according to results of quality control is good. All equipment is working normally and with good performance (except one gamma camera - a problem with hard drive), but we don't have a routine daily control and periodical control for others tests. Keeping a records is another problem. Why? 1. In Bosnia and Herzegovina we don't have Regulatory authority. That means that we don't have legislation, rules, inspection or any other regulatory instruments. 2. There is only school for nurses, we have no special school for medical technician. So, we need an education in that field. 3. Very small number of physicist in hospital, no education for medical and nuclear medicine physicist. Conclusion. Situation in Department of Nuclear Medicine in Banja Luka related to quality control is on the medium level. We are trying to put that on the higher level, but to accomplish that we need additional education for nurses (technicians) and physicist.

  10. An Application of MacLaury's Vantage Theory to Abstract Categories: Identity and the Process of Categorisation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fabiszak, Malgorzata

    2010-01-01

    This paper is an application of Robert E. MacLaury's Vantage Theory (VT) to the analysis of real life spoken discourse. It utilizes Dennis R. Preston's (1994) modification of MacLaury's VT. It elucidates how cognitive processes of coordinate selection and combination contribute to the on-line construction of category membership in the abstract…

  11. Mart Ustav : me ei pruugi HI-viirusest kunagi vabaneda / Mart Ustav ; interv. Riho Laurisaar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ustav, Mart, 1949-

    2006-01-01

    Tartu Ülikooli teadlane Mart Ustav töötab välja HI-viiruse vaktsiini. Kui enamik seniseid aidsiravimeid on keemilised, siis Mart Ustav usub, et on võimalik luua ka looduslik preparaat, mida on lihtne toota ja mis tulevikus võiks abivajajale maksta kõigest mõnisada krooni. Lisaks: Teised Mart Ustavist: Mart Loog, Toivo Maimets

  12. Ott Puuraid 100 / Mart Kalm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalm, Mart, 1961-

    2004-01-01

    23. IV 2004. a. tähistati Viljandis kauaaegse linna peaarhitekti Ott Puuraiu (1904-1986) 100. sünniaastapäeva. Esinesid Mart Kalm, Ülo Stöör ja arhitekti tütar Meeli Roosalu. Kondase keskuses avati O. Puuraiu projektide näitus, mille koostas tema lapselaps, arhitekt Priit Roosalu, kes oli ka kataloogi koostanud. Näituse koostamisel olid abiks Anne Lass ja Tarmo Maiste. O Puuraiu elust ja loomingust

  13. Marte Meo Metode som magtteknologi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Nelli Øvre

    2015-01-01

    Pårørendeskole til pårørende for at forbedre kommunikation og samvær med familiemedlemmer med demens. Ægtefæller fortalte, at de oplevede at skulle påtage sig større ansvar, end de allerede havde, og at de gjorde modstand mod undervisernes formidlingsmåde og fortolkning af Marte Meo, der blev......, at der mellem undervisere og pårørende foregår et biopolitisk magtspil, med intentioner om at de pårørende tilføres ressourcer ved at lære Marte Meo metoden, men at den får funktion af selvteknologiske redskaber i 'subjektiverings processer', hvor de pårørende ledes mod at tage øget ansvar for eget og...... for ægtefællens liv og for hjemmehjælperes brug af Marte Meo metode- og sprog....

  14. Mart Habakuk viis esimese Eesti ettevõtte Londoni börsile / Mart Habakuk ; interv. Jaanika Merilo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Habakuk, Mart, 1969-

    2007-01-01

    Metro Capital Managementi juhatuse esimees Mart Habakuk tutvustab kinnisvarainvesteerimisfirma Metro Baltic Horizons noteerimist Londoni alternatiivnimekirja AIM. Lisa: Metro Capital Management; Mart Habakuk

  15. Additions and corrections to the cadastre of Orthoptera insects of Samarskaya Luka, on the basis of analysis of acoustic signals of males

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander А. Benediktov

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available For the territory of Samarskaya Luka, at the village Bakhilova Polyana (I.I. Sprygin Zhiguli State Natural Biosphere Reserve, 25 species of Orthoptera were found in mid-July 2016. These species were identified basically by the analysis of male acoustic signals. This is 44% of the total species composition of Samarskaya Luka Orthoptera, specified in the Cadastre of invertebrates of Samarskaya Luka. The specimens belonging to the grasshopper Platychleis albopunctata (= P. intermedia auct. are clarified. The cricket Melanogryllus desertus and the locust Chorthippus dorsatus were found for the first time in the Samarskaya Luka. The species composition of the cryptic taxa of the «Chorthippus biguttulus group» of the Middle Volga region is discussed. Based on the unstable amplitude-time structure of the signals of the supposed Ch. biguttulus males from Malaya Bahilova Mountain, it is assumed that they may have a hybrid origin.

  16. Kõrge majandusauhind Mart Laarile / Martin Hanson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hanson, Martin, 1984-

    2006-01-01

    Cato instituut premeeris Mart Laari majandusteadlase Milton Friedmani nimelise auhinnaga ja üle 6 miljoni krooniga. Vt. samas: Mart Laari varasemad autasud; Milton Friedmani auhind anti kätte kolmandat korda. Kommenteerivad: Ivari Padar, Tiit Vähi, Tiit Tammsaar, Linnar Viik ja Andres Lipstok

  17. Vælgerskredet i marts historisk stort

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Søren Risbjerg

    2008-01-01

    NYHED: Marts 2008 var vælgermæssigt blandt de ti mest stormfulde måneder i dansk politik siden januar 1990, viser valgforskers tal.......NYHED: Marts 2008 var vælgermæssigt blandt de ti mest stormfulde måneder i dansk politik siden januar 1990, viser valgforskers tal....

  18. Schizophyllum commune: The main cause of dying trees of the Banja Luka arbored walks and parks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matavulj Milan N.

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In the frame of investigation of the main cause of dying trees of the main arbored walks (Mladena Stojanovića Aley and Park, the investigation of the presence and diversity of macrofungi in Banja Luka City were undertaken in the period 2006-2011. Relatively poor generic diversity of lignicolous (pathogenic or potentially pathogenic and saprotrophic macrofungi with only 16 species representing this group (13 basidiomycets: Schizophyllum commune, Fomes fomentarius, Stereum hirsutum, Coriolus versicolor, Flammulina velutipes, Pseudotrametes gibbosa, Ganoderma applanatum, G. lucidum, G. adspersum, Polyporus squamosus, Meripilus giganteus, Laetiporus sulphureus, Auricu­laria auricula-judae, and 3 ascomycets: Nectria cinnabarina, Xylaria hypoxylon, X. poly­morpha were recorded. Such a poor qualitative composition of this very important fungal group could be explained by the reduction in the number of plant species in arbored walks and alleys, as well as the reduction in the number of fungi resistant to heavy air pollution caused by nearby (1-5m fuel combustion in engines. Although only preliminary, our results pointed to the necessity of conservation and protection of the most beautiful features of Banja Luka and its alleys and arbored walks, by undertaking the measures of curing damaged trees and treating them with fungicides in order to wipe out the epiphytia caused in more than 95% of cases (dated May 2011 by Split-gill (Schizophyllum commune, present on dead wood but also on damaged trees of Aesculus hyppocastaneum (127 trees, Tilia cordata (124 trees, Tilia platyphyllos (36 trees, Tilia argentea (40 trees, Acer negundo (20 trees, Platanus acerifolia (2 trees, Robinia pseudoacacia (3 trees, Fraxinus ornus (1 tree, Betula pendula (1 tree, Catalpa sp. (2 trees, etc. Altogether, during the last decade, around 200 trees collapsed or were sanitary cut in Banja Luka arbored walk from the Malta site to the Green bridge, a total length around 5 km. The

  19. Eating Habits and Standard Body Parameters Among Students at University of Banja Luka

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raseta Nela

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available Poor dietary habits have become one of the most important concerns among public health policy makers in recent years, due to the impact they have on both economic and health systems of a country. The transitional period toward young adulthood, marked with high school graduation and the beginning of college years, has been identified as critical in terms of its influence on young people’s bad eating habits. The aim of this study was to assess whether the results obtained through Food Frequency Questionnaire significantly correlate with standard body parameters. Participants included 210 students from the University of Banja Luka, with the mean age of 21.94 ± 2.73 years. Factorization of Food Frequency Questionnaire Instrument extracted seven factors which were subjected to multiple regression analysis as independent variables, and correlated to dependent variables - anthropological measurements. This study shows that the factors labeled as consumption of bread, consumption of healthy food, and intake of carbohydrates, are significantly related to Body Fat Percentage, whereas factors labeled as intake of food of animal origin, and intake of fruits and vegetables, are statistically significant in terms of their relation to Waist-to-Hip Ratio. Only one factor, labeled as intake of unhealthy food, is significantly related to Body Mass Index; this is to suggest that Body Mass Index has again showed many limitations with regard to its research relevance. This research has also found that students of the University of Banja Luka typically consume white bread, known to have a direct link with overweight and obesity.

  20. Bionomy of the laurel scale Aonidia lauri (Bouche (Hemiptera: Diaspididae in Podgorica, Montenegro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Graora Draga

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Aonidia lauri (Bouche (Hemiptera: Diaspididae is a serious pest of laurel (Laurus nobilis L. in urban parts of the City of Podgorica (Montenegro. Severe infestation causes chlorotic spots and necrotic rings around feeding spots, drying and dieback of leaves and buds. In addition, plants become physiologically weak and lose in aesthetic quality, while continuous infestation in urban areas often leads to partial or complete drying of plants. This study of the biology of A. lauri on L. nobilis was carried out at three locations in Podgorica ('Stara Varoš', 'Centar' and 'Preko Morače', Montenegro, in 2010 and 2011. A. lauri developed three generations annually and overwintered on laurel leaves and branches as the second-instar nymph-larval stage. An extended period of larval development ensures a continuous presence of all development stages on plants, which leads to overlapping of generations. Sporadic predatory ladybirds, Chilocorus bipustulatus (L. (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae, whose larvae and adults feed on scales, were detected inside A. lauri colonies.

  1. Adrian Virginius - Põhjasõja märter / Lauri Vahtre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vahtre, Lauri, 1960-

    2006-01-01

    27. juunil 1706. aastal hukkas Vene võim Tallinnas eestikeelse kirjasõna arendaja ja Otepää pastori Adrian Virginiuse (1663-1706). Ilm. ka: Vahtre, Lauri. Ajaloo pööripäevad. 2. - [Tallinn] : Tammerraamat, 2007. Lk. 121-125

  2. Paneeldiskussioon [veebipõhisest õpikeskkonnast] / Mart Laanpere

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laanpere, Mart

    2003-01-01

    Maire Salundi (projekt Learning for Sharing) juhtimisel läbi viidud paneeldiskussioon, milles osalesid Mart Laanepere, Kerttu Lõhmus (AS Trainator Training), Mall Maasik (Audentes Ariko AS) ja Anne Villems (Tartu Ülikool)

  3. Reoccupying Public Space by Hatred and Ethnic Cleansing. Case study: Banja Luka

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Srđan Šušnica

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The article analyses the symbolism and the meaning of ethno-religious graffiti, slogans and stickers especially as they are used on the streets of Banja Luka. The city used to be a strategic centre for armed forces but is today the political centre of Republika Srpska (RS, supposedly a legitimate military conquest of the people of Serbia. Responses in ethno-religious graffiti can be turbulent. In our case, narrative and visual codes transmit dominant messages and myths of the Serbian ethnical corpus which can easily become hate speech, especially in the post-war context, in which ethno-religious differences are being brought to the fore, war crimes and armed victories are being exalted and expressions of non-tolerance are common. This aggressive visibility of »ours« pushes all the rest and anyone who is different into invisibility and self-censoring. The article researches characteristics and the quality of connection between the production and the results of ethno-fascistic speech in graffiti and in the messages of the RS ethno-political elites in public forums, regulations and media spaces. A contextual interpretation of a graffiti discourse, which was formed in the midst of civil war, ethnic cleansing, attacks on and the separation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and activities of political elites in RS, is offered. The intimate connection between street discourse and that of political elites shows that a populist legitimization of the activities of the RS is still a political goal that also triggers the process of forgetting the region’s multi-ethnic past. In Banja Luka, this process offers a »national and spiritual« legitimacy for the existence of RS and seeks to make the city a part of the Serbian ethnic community. It offers an unconvincing cultural-political and war-emancipatory »continuity« and »normality« for the RS and covers up its real intention of bloodshed from which it had emerged. In this it is consistent with Eco’s notion

  4. The implications of Wal-Mart's takeover of ASDA

    OpenAIRE

    Steve Burt; Leigh Sparks

    2001-01-01

    Wal-Mart is the world's largest retailer. Within the United Kingdom, retailing has generally been considered as a local or national activity. Wal-Mart's purchase of ASDA in 1999 illustrates the global scale of much modern retailing. In this paper we consider the implications of Wal-Mart's takeover of ASDA. First, the key drivers of Wal-Mart's business success are analysed. Second, the impact of Wal-Mart in Canada and Germany is considered. Third, the match of Wal-Mart with ASDA is examined. F...

  5. Genetic variability of central-western European pine marten (Martes martes) populations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pertoldi, Cino; Elschot, Kelly; Ruiz-Gonzalez, Aritz; van de Zande, Louis; Zalewski, Andrzej; Munoz, Joaquin; Madsen, Aksel Bo; Loeschcke, Volker; de Groot, Arjen; Bijlsma, Rudolf

    2014-01-01

    Recent studies highlighted the potential role of cryptic glacial refugia for temperate taxa in Europe beyond the Mediterranean peninsulas. To further investigate phylogeographic features of the European pine marten (Martes martes) in previously identified cryptic refugia located in central-western

  6. Spatio-temporal population genetics of the Danish pine marten (Martes martes)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pertoldi, Cino; Barker, Stuart F.; Madsen, Aksel Bo

    2008-01-01

    A spatio-temporal study of genetic variation in the Danish pine marten (Martes martes) populations from the Jutland peninsula and from the island of Sealand was performed using 11 microsatellite markers. Samples obtained from 1892 to 2003 were subdivided into historical (prior to 1970) and recent...

  7. IPS technologies in sales improvement in companies in Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Micic, Lj; Preradovic, D.

    2018-01-01

    Modern economy, in first order Retail sector, are introducing new and modern technologies which improve sales, communication with customers as well as marketing decision process. Retail sector is more and more oriented to technologies which improve not just communication with possible customers but also information gathering for better decision making process. Among those technologies special place is given to Indoor Positioning Systems (IPS) technologies, specialized technologies which are used for locating the people and objects but also their movement as well as for communication with clients in the store. These technologies follows customers in the store, follow their movement across, communicate with them about offers and promotions but also are base for predictive marketing of retail sector which has a goal to achieve „offer to customers what they look for and what they really need“. These technologies are in limited usage in Banja Luka area but potential for their use is present. There is no enough demand from retails industry but having in mind that these technologies are raising in modern economies as well as predictions and trends it is to be expected that those technologies will be implemented in retail sector in this region too.

  8. Millest kõneleb koreograaf Mart Kangro? / Heili Lindepuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lindepuu, Heili

    2011-01-01

    Festivali POT raames 5. ja 6. mail Kanuti Gildi saalis taasetendunud Mart Kangro soololavastusest "Start. Based on a True Story". 27. mail Kalevi Spordihallis esietenduvast Mart Kangro lavastusest "Open Tallinn", kus on ühendatud teater, reality show ja multimeedia

  9. 2009. aasta eelarvest 2010. aastasse vaadates / Mart Laar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laar, Mart, 1960-

    2008-01-01

    Erakonna Isamaa ja Res Publica Liit esimees avalikustab 2009.aasta eelarve arutelul välja käidud ettepanekud ja teavitab arutelu tulemused. Tekst pärineb Mart Laari blogist http://blog.irl.ee/Mart_ Laar/

  10. Luka Brajnović – From Fidelity to Oneself towards Credibility of Profession

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danijel Labaš

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available In certain periods, at certain places and in certain media, the reputation and credibility of the journalistic profession has suff ered for a number of reasons, including ignorance, mediocrity, dishonorable or morally questionable methods of journalists, or scandalous, fabricated or partial news stories. This is the opinion of Luka Brajnović, whose reflections in a comparative analysis with other authors comprise the ”contemplative axis” of this article. The fundamental task and goal of this article is to present and analyze Mr Brajnović’s refl ections on the possibility of saving or restoring the reputation and credibility of the journalistic profession. Journalists and the media will not be able to restore credibility as long as extravagant ideas exist about journalism as a profession that deals with ”public whispering, accusations and dissatisfaction with everything that has been established, or as a neutral profession that is ethically hybrid and indifferent towards good and evil”. Such an understanding of the journalistic profession runs against a positive image and reputation of journalism, a fi eld which is in itself worthy of respect of the entire public. In journalism, just as in other professions, unethical behavior on the part of a small number of journalists and media outlets casts a shadow on the journalistic profession as a whole, causing the reputation of the profession to become dependent upon a positive image and the reputation of those individuals working in it. As results of this article show – which for the fi rst time analytically approaches the scientific arguments and refl ections of Mr Brajnović in the Croatian public sphere – ethical and intellectual health, which can restore credibility to the journalistic profession, are the very elements rooted deep inside of it.

  11. Mart Laar tuleb peatada / Villu Reiljan

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reiljan, Villu, 1953-

    2001-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Vooremaa, 8. dets. 2001, lk. 2; Nädaline, 8. dets. 2001, lk. 4; Võrumaa Teataja, 11. dets. 2001, lk. 2; Järva Teataja, 13. dets. 2001, lk. 2. Kuigi ca 70% Eesti rahvast on elektrijaamade erastamise vastu, on Mart Laari valitsus ignoreerinud rahva tahet, talle on kogu aeg sekundeerinud Mihkel Pärnoja. Autor: ERL. Parlamendisaadik

  12. MARTe at FTU: The new feedback control

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boncagni, Luca, E-mail: luca.boncagni@enea.it [EURATOM - ENEA Fusion Association, Frascati Research Centre, Division of Fusion Physics, Rome, Frascati (Italy); Sadeghi, Yahya; Carnevale, Daniele; Di Geronimo, Andrea; Varano, Gianluca; Vitelli, Riccardo [Department of Computer Science, Systems and Production, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome (Italy); Galperti, Critsian [Istituto di Fisica del Plasma, CNR, EURATOM-ENEA Association, Milan (Italy); Zarfati, Emanuele; Pucci, Daniele [Department Antonio Ruberti, University of Rome La Sapienza, Rome (Italy)

    2012-12-15

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We show that the MARTe is a candidate for ITER PSH. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We replace the old real-time feedback software using the MARTe framework. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We describe all the work done for the integration. - Abstract: Keeping in mind the necessities of a modern control system for fusion devices, such as modularity and a distributed architecture, an upgrade of the present FTU feedback control system was planned, envisaging also a possible reutilization in the proposed FAST experiment [1]. For standardization and efficiency purposes we decided to adopt a pre-existent ITER-relevant framework called MARTe [2], already used with success in other European Tokamak devices [3]. Following the developments shown in [4], in this paper we report on the structure of the new feedback system, and how it was integrated in the current control structure and pulse programming interface, and in the other MARTe systems already in FTU: RT-ODIN [5] and the ECRH and LH [6] satellite stations. The new feedback system has been installed in the FTU backup station (known as 'Feedback B'), which shares the input signals with the actual feedback system, in order to simplify the validation and debug of the new controller by testing it in parallel with the current one. Experimental results are then presented.

  13. Mart Remmeli "geograafilised figuurid" / Arvo Krikmann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Krikmann, Arvo, 1939-2017

    2005-01-01

    Refereeritakse broshüüri Remmel, Mart. Large data bases in quantitative history : some handling techniques. Tallinn : Academy of Sciences of the Estonian S.S.R., 1979. (Preprint ; KKI-12) inimgeograafia teooria vaatevinklist ning kommenteeritakse seda Eesti folkloorinähtuste geograafilist levikut puutuva materjaliga

  14. Pruritus in hemodialysis patients: Results from Fresenius dyalisis center, Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zoran Vrucinic

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Uremic pruritus (UP is a common and distressing complication of end-stage renal disease (ESRD. Aglobal cross-sectional study of 18,000 hemodialysis patientsreported a 42% prevalence of moderate or extreme UP, which was strongly associated with sleep disturbance, depression, impaired quality of life, and mortality. Pruritus is commonly encountered in individuals with end-stage renal disease (ESRD on hemodialysis (HD. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed in order to find out the prevalence of pruritus in patients on regular maintenance hemodialysis (HD as well as to analyze its relationship to age, sex of the patient, duration of hemodialysis in months per patient, serum levels of phosphate, PTH, KT/V (index of dialysis dose, parameters in the beggining of the study and six months after. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics- Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test and Chi-square test with Yates correction factor. Results: Sixty and two patients with ESRD (age ranging from 31 to 87years free from systemic, skin or psychiatric disorders and other secondary causes attributable to pruritis, undergoing maintenance HD (duration on HD 4-348months; mean 86.97 and median 79,5months at Fresenius dialysis center, Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina were evaluated for pruritus. Pruritus has been discovered in 21 out of 34males (54,8% and 6 out of 28females (22,2%. Our study as many others showed that pruritus is very common (45.2% in HD patients. Applying c2 test with Yates correction factor is highly statistically significant (c2 = 8.003, p = 0.005 by gender. Research of the gender revealed that pruritus appeared more in men analysis. There were no significant differences between other measured markers: to age, duration of hemodialysis in months per patient, serum levels of phosphate, PTH, KT/V (index of dialysis dose in patients with pruritus and in patients without pruritus. Conclusions:This first cross-sectional study

  15. Ajaleht Pravda ja 40 keisri hullu : "40 kiri" sündis siis, kui teisiti enam ei saanud / Lauri Vahtre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vahtre, Lauri, 1960-

    2005-01-01

    Eesti kultuuritegelaste kirjutatud "40 kirjast" 1980. aastal, kus tunti muret Eesti ühiskonna ja kultuuri tuleviku pärast. Artikkel sisaldab kirjale allakirjutanute nimesid. Ilmunud ka rmt.: Vahtre, Lauri. Ajaloo pööripäevad. Tallinn, 2006, lk. 190-194

  16. Esimene Eesti maja Hiinas = The first Estonian house in China / Andres Põime, Lauri Vaimel ; interv. Triin Ojari

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Põime, Andres

    2008-01-01

    Vestlus Pekingi Eesti saatkonna arhitektuurikonkursi võidutöö autoritega. Tulemused: I preemia - Andres Põime, Lauri Vaimel, II - Erik Nobel, Christian Jensen, Kristen Herup Sovang, Soren Andersson, Pille Kivihall, Dan Ljungar, Hans Willadsen (Taani), III - Kalle Vellevoog, Velle Kadalipp, Tiiu Truus, Martin Prommik

  17. Ettevaatust! Läbipõlemisoht! / Mart Raudsaar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raudsaar, Mart, 1973-

    2004-01-01

    Raamatu "Burnout - läbipõlemine" autor Mart Jürisoo räägib läbipõlemise olulisematest põhjustest ja tunnustest, võrdleb Eesti ja Rootsi juhtide juhtimisstiile ning analüüsib stressitegureid Eesti organisatsioonides ja ühiskonnas. Lisa: Läbipõlemise olulisemad sümptomid; Difuusse ehk Marshmallow-organisatsiooni tunnused ja probleemid

  18. Mart Sander ja Julie Hagen-Schwarz / Ants Juske

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Juske, Ants, 1956-2016

    2009-01-01

    Mart Sanderi galerii "Galerii" (Sakala 18, Tallinn) avanäitusest. Eksponeeritud baltisaksa naiskunstniku Julie Wilhelmine Hagen-Schwarzi maalid, mis on pärit erakogudest. Väljas on ka Mart Sanderi tehtud koopia Julie Hagen-Schwarzi autoportreest (1855). Julie Hagen-Schwarzist ja tema loomingust

  19. Riigikogu palk külma! / Mart Laar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laar, Mart, 1960-

    2008-01-01

    Parlamendiliikme sõnul kavatsetakse 2007. aasta lõpu tasemel külmutada Riigikogu liikmete, ministrite, presidendi, eurosaadikute, õiguskantsleri, riigikontrolöri ja teiste kõrgemate ametiisikute palk. Artikkel pärineb Mart Laari veebipäevikust http://blog.irl.ee/Mart_Laar/

  20. Skred i marts: S minus seks mandater, SF plus ni

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Søren Risbjerg

    2008-01-01

    NYHED: "Tilslutningen til S går ad helvede til", skriver professor Søren Risbjerg Thomsen om snittet af meningsmålinger i marts.......NYHED: "Tilslutningen til S går ad helvede til", skriver professor Søren Risbjerg Thomsen om snittet af meningsmålinger i marts....

  1. Mart Laar dilemma köidikus / Abdul Turay

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Turay, Abdul, 1967-

    2009-01-01

    Autor imetleb Isamaa ja Res Publica Liidu esimeest Mart Laari ning märgib, et kaks monetarismi koolkonda, mida ta toetab, asuvad nüüd diametraalselt vastupidistel seisukohtadel ja Mart Laar peaks nüüd valima, keda ta edaspidi toetab

  2. MARTe: A Multiplatform Real-Time Framework

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neto, André C.; Sartori, Filippo; Piccolo, Fabio; Vitelli, Riccardo; De Tommasi, Gianmaria; Zabeo, Luca; Barbalace, Antonio; Fernandes, Horacio; Valcarcel, Daniel F.; Batista, Antonio J. N.

    2010-04-01

    Development of real-time applications is usually associated with nonportable code targeted at specific real-time operating systems. The boundary between hardware drivers, system services, and user code is commonly not well defined, making the development in the target host significantly difficult. The Multithreaded Application Real-Time executor (MARTe) is a framework built over a multiplatform library that allows the execution of the same code in different operating systems. The framework provides the high-level interfaces with hardware, external configuration programs, and user interfaces, assuring at the same time hard real-time performances. End-users of the framework are required to define and implement algorithms inside a well-defined block of software, named Generic Application Module (GAM), that is executed by the real-time scheduler. Each GAM is reconfigurable with a set of predefined configuration meta-parameters and interchanges information using a set of data pipes that are provided as inputs and required as output. Using these connections, different GAMs can be chained either in series or parallel. GAMs can be developed and debugged in a non-real-time system and, only once the robustness of the code and correctness of the algorithm are verified, deployed to the real-time system. The software also supplies a large set of utilities that greatly ease the interaction and debugging of a running system. Among the most useful are a highly efficient real-time logger, HTTP introspection of real-time objects, and HTTP remote configuration. MARTe is currently being used to successfully drive the plasma vertical stabilization controller on the largest magnetic confinement fusion device in the world, with a control loop cycle of 50 ?s and a jitter under 1 ?s. In this particular project, MARTe is used with the Real-Time Application Interface (RTAI)/Linux operating system exploiting the new ?86 multicore processors technology.

  3. Aurelio Martínez Mutis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafaél Maya

    1979-10-01

    Full Text Available La aparición de Aurelio Martínez Mutis en el escenario de las letras colombianas, hace unos treinta y cinco años, más o menos, fue súbita y fulgurante. Su "Epopeya del Cóndor", poesía premiada en el concurso abierto por la revista Mundial, que dirigía en París Rubén Darío, lo hizo célebre, de la noche a la mañana, entre los pueblos de habla hispana.

  4. Multi-hazard assessment using GIS in the urban areas: Case study - Banja Luka municipality, B&H

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tošić Radislav

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The research presents a techniques for natural hazard assessment using GIS and cartographic approaches with multi-hazard mapping in urban communities, because natural hazards are a multi-dimensional phenomena which have a spatial component. Therefore the use of Remote Sensing and GIS has an important function and become essential in urban multi-hazard assessment. The first aim of this research was to determine the geographical distributions of the major types of natural hazards in the study area. Seismic hazards, landslides, rockfalls, floods, torrential floods, and excessive erosion are the most significant natural hazards within the territory of Banja Luka Municipality. Areas vulnerable to some of these natural hazards were singled out using analytical maps. Based on these analyses, an integral map of the natural hazards of the study area was created using multi-hazard assessment and the total vulnerability was determined by overlapping the results. The detailed analysis, through the focused research within the most vulnerable areas in the study area will highlight the administrative units (urban centres and communes that are vulnerable to various types of natural hazard. The results presented in this article are the first multi-hazard assessment and the first version of the integral map of natural hazards in the Republic of Srpska.

  5. Concordia elas tuleviku arvelt / Mart Susi ; interv. Krister Kivi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Susi, Mart, 1965-

    2003-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Infopress 21. märts nr. 12 lk. 30-31. Concordia Ülikooli rektor Mart Susi räägib kooli senisest juhtimisest ning asjaoludest, mis on põhjustanud pankroti. Tabel: Concordia kronoloogia

  6. Dialoog läbi seina / Mart Kangro, Jim Ashilevi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kangro, Mart, 1974-

    2016-01-01

    Videoblogidest ehk vlogidest, internetist, videomeediumist, distantsist esineja ja publiku vahel, verbaalsest eneseväljandusest, lavastusprotsessist, füüsilisest teatrist ja muust. Mart Kangro ja Jim Ashilevi vestlus

  7. Qualidade fisiológica e armazenamento de sementes de ipê-verde (Cybistax antisyphilitica (Mart.) Mart.)

    OpenAIRE

    Melo, Paulo Régis Bandeira de [UNESP

    2009-01-01

    Cybistax antisyphilitica (Mart.) Mart. is a Brazilian native tree species, with medicinal properties, belonging family Bignoniaceae and often found in Cerrado biome. Can be used in project with objective for heterogeneous florestation directed to the recomposition of degraded areas, permanent preservation area or ornamental purposes. This study was carried out to evaluate conditions to the germination standard test, verify the possibility the use the electrical conductivity and accelerated ag...

  8. Variabilità microsatellitare in popolazioni italiane di martora, Martes martes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Licia Colli

    2003-10-01

    Full Text Available La martora, Martes martes, è un mustelide storicamente presente su gran parte del territorio italiano, soprattutto dove siano presenti foreste mature altamente strutturate e ricche di risorse. Nel corso dei decenni passati, cause quali la deforestazione con conseguente frammentazione dell'habitat, la caccia e la persecuzione da parte dell'uomo hanno portato ad un sensibile declino sia nel numero d'individui sia di popolazioni in tutta l'Europa. Frammentazione degli areali e diminuzione del numero di soggetti costituiscono le cause principali di un limitato flusso genico con conseguente formazione di popolazioni isolate di martora e perdita di variabilità genetica (Kyle et al., 2003. Per queste ragioni la martora risulta attualmente tutelata secondo quanto previsto dalla Convenzione di Berna (appendice III e dalla Direttiva europea 92/43/CEE "Habitats & Species". Di fronte a prospettive di tipo conservazionistico, diventa necessario disporre di metodologie per la valutazione della variabilità residua nella specie a livello d'individui e di popolazioni. Secondo numerosi Autori, i microsatelliti costituiscono marcatori molto efficaci nella descrizione della struttura genetica e della storia demografica di specie (Beaumont & Bruford, 1999; Linares, 1999. Il presente lavoro propone i risultati ottenuti attraverso il confronto di due campioni costituiti da individui di Martes martes provenienti dalla Sardegna (25 esemplari e dal territorio italiano (6 esemplari. L'analisi è stata condotta a livello di 7 loci microsatellitari dinucleotidici polimorfici. Il valore di FST calcolato dal confronto dei due gruppi è risultato pari a 0,102 e ricade nel range di variazione identificato di recente in popolazioni nord-europee di martora (Kyle et al., 2003. L'analisi della varianza molecolare (AMOVA, condotta a due livelli gerarchici, ha permesso in particolare di ripartire la varianza del campione

  9. Noored lavastajad ületavad valdkondade piirid / Uku Uusberg, Mart Kase ; intervjueerinud Eero Epner

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Uusberg, Uku, 1984-

    2009-01-01

    Noored lavastajad Uku Uusberg ja Mart Kase oma vastvalminud lavastustest. 19. mail esietendub NO99 teatris Uku Uusbergi kirjutatud ja lavastatud "Pea vahetus" ja Niine 11 kontorihoones Mart Kase kirjutatud ja lavastatud "Startup"

  10. The coming electric Wal-Mart

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Drzemiecki, J.H.; Augustini, P.

    1993-01-01

    Market power in the competitive electric marketplace will depend on being a low-price leader. Electric utility executives are beginning to peer over the wall into the emerging world of competitive electric markets. Many will be terrified by the uncertainties and disorder associated with new service offerings such as retail wheeling and the transformation of other vestiges of the vertically integrated electric monopolies known for the past 100 years. The potential for increased competition for retail customers promises to have as fundamental an effect on the electric utility industry as Wal-Mart has had on retailing. Firms that are prepared for the new competitive environment will be in the strongest position to respond to the marketplace; those that are not prepared might want to consider the fate of the corner five-and-dime. To remain competitive, utility executives must take proactive steps to redefine their vision of their company's future. Such a redefinition must include a candid assessment of the strategies to be taken to reposition their firm to succeed, not just within the existing service area but in multiple markets

  11. El viaje a Marte de Modesto Brocos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaureguízar, Agustín

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Modesto Brocos (1852-1936 was a remarkable painter from Santiago de Compostela who emigrated at an early age to Brazil, where he lived, held in high regard, up to his death. In 1930 he published in Valencia, in Castilian, his only work of fiction, an unobtainable Voyage To Mars which is a true socialist utopia. That whole world is established as a single global state, of which he details all that goes from a Constitution to Municipal Ordinances, through the administration of justice, education, health and Women’s Rights, with only one race and one language, and as peculiar a institution as the Agricultural Army or the Humanitarian Sisters.Modesto Brocos (1852-1936 fue un notable pintor compostelano que emigró joven a Brasil y allí vivió respetado hasta su muerte. En 1930 publicó en Valencia, en castellano, su única obra de ficción, un inencontrable Viaje a Marte que es una auténtica utopía socialista. Todo ese mundo está constituido en un solo estado planetario, del que detalla cuanto va de una Constitución a unas Ordenanzas Municipales, pasando por la administración de justicia, la educación, la sanidad y la igualdad de derechos entre los sexos, con una raza única y una lengua única, contando con instituciones tan peculiares como el Ejercito Agrícola o las Hermanas Humanitarias.

  12. Shaken but not stirred: Multiscale habitat suitability modeling of sympatric marten species (Martes martes and Martes foina) in the northern Iberian Peninsula

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maria Vergara; Samuel A. Cushman; Fermin Urra; Aritz Ruiz-Gonzalez

    2016-01-01

    Multispecies and multiscale habitat suitability models (HSM) are important to identify the environmental variables and scales influencing habitat selection and facilitate the comparison of closely related species with different ecological requirements. Objectives This study explores the multiscale relationships of habitat suitability for the pine (Martes...

  13. Näljane Wal-Mart tahab ka smiley alla kugistada / Erik Aru

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aru, Erik

    2006-01-01

    USA jaekaubanduskett Wal-Mart tahab oma kaubamärgina registreerida smiley' - kollase naerunäo kujutise. Smiley' leiutajaks peab end Suurbritannias asuva ühemehefirma SmileyWorld omanik Franklin Loufrani. Lisa: Wal-Mart üritab jõukamaid kundesid meelitada. Tabel: Wal-Mart

  14. An efficient and accurate approach to MTE-MART for time-resolved tomographic PIV

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lynch, KP; Scarano, F.

    2015-01-01

    The motion-tracking-enhanced MART (MTE-MART; Novara et al. in Meas Sci Technol 21:035401, 2010) has demonstrated the potential to increase the accuracy of tomographic PIV by the combined use of a short sequence of non-simultaneous recordings. A clear bottleneck of the MTE-MART technique has been

  15. An efficient and accurate approach to MTE-MART for time-resolved tomographic PIV

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lynch, K.P.; Scarano, F.

    2015-01-01

    The motion-tracking-enhanced MART (MTE-MART; Novara et al. in Meas Sci Technol 21:035401, 2010) has demonstrated the potential to increase the accuracy of tomographic PIV by the combined use of a short sequence of non-simultaneous recordings. A clear bottleneck of the MTE-MART technique has been its

  16. A MARTe based simulator for the JET Vertical Stabilization system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bellizio, Teresa, E-mail: teresa.bellizio@unina.it [Associazione EURATOM-ENEA-CREATE, University di Napoli Federico II, Via Claudio 21, 80125 Napoli (Italy); De Tommasi, Gianmaria; Risoli, Nicola; Albanese, Raffaele [Associazione EURATOM-ENEA-CREATE, University di Napoli Federico II, Via Claudio 21, 80125 Napoli (Italy); Neto, Andre [Associacao EURATOM/IST, Inst. de Plasmas e Fusao Nuclear - Laboratorio Associado, Instituto Superior, Tecnico, P-1049-001 Lisboa (Portugal)

    2011-10-15

    Validation by means of simulation is a crucial step when developing real-time control systems. Modeling and simulation are an essential tool since the early design phase, when the control algorithms are designed and tested. This phase is commonly carried out in off-line environments such as Matlab and Simulink. A MARTe-based simulator has been recently developed to validate the new JET Vertical Stabilization (VS) system. MARTe is the multi-thread framework used at JET to deploy hard real-time control systems. This paper presents the software architecture of the MARTe-based simulator and it shows how this tool has been effectively used to evaluate the effects of Edge Localized Modes (ELMs) on the VS system. By using the simulator it is possible to analyze different plasma configurations, extrapolating the limit of the new vertical amplifier in terms of the energy of the largest rejectable ELM.

  17. Kui suur palk oleks õpetaja töö vääriline? / Inge Kalle, Maia Uibo, Lauri Leesi ... [jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    Küsimusele vastavad Vastse-Kuuste kooli direktor Inge Kalle, Ülenurme gümnaasiumi õpetaja-metoodik Maia Uibo, Tallinna Prantsuse Lütseumi direktor Lauri Leesi, Saaremaa ühisgümnaasiumi direktor Viljar Aro ja Heimtali põhikooli direktor Eero Metsavahi

  18. Anatomy of pneumatophore of Mauritia vinifera mart

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Alfredo Rodrigues Pereira

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Pneumatophores of Mauritia vinifera Mart. were collected from six month-old plants maintained submerged in fresh water to induce pneumatophore formation. Twenty day-old pneumatophores had a quite prominent root cap. The epidermis was composed of hexagonal cells, tangentially distributed along the cylindric surface of the organ. In transverse section these pneumatophores had a simple epidermis over several layers of sclerified parenchyma, which covered an aerenchyma with large intercellular spaces. The endodermal cells had Casparian strips. The vascular cylinder was polyarch, with a pith and surrounded by a unisseriate pericycle. Anatomically the 4 month-old pneumatophores were similar to the younger ones, except for the absence of the epidermis. The epidermis is replaced by a protective tissue, whose lignified and suberized cells projected themselves outwards, giving it a filamentous aspect. There was no accumulation of starch or tannins in the pneumatophores, except for the presence of statoliths in the root cap. No lenticels were observed in pneumatophores of M. vinifera. The main function of the pneumatophores of M. vinifera is to allow gas exchange, facilitating the supply of oxygen to the submerged root portions.Pneumatóforos de Mauritia vinifera Mart. foram coletados de plantas com seis meses de idade mantidas submersas em água com o objetivo de induzir a formação de pneumatóforos. Peumatóforos com 20 dias de idade possuem uma coifa bastante proeminente na raiz. A epiderme é composta de células hexagonais, tangencialmente distribuídas ao longo da superfície cilíndrica do orgão. Em seção transversal os pneumatóforos possuem epiderme simples. O córtex é formado por um parênquima esclerificado, um aerênquima com espaços grandes intercelulares e uma endoderme cujas células possuem estrias de Caspary. O cilindro vascular é poliarco, com medula e cercado por um periciclo unisseriado. Anatomicamente os pneumatóforos com 4

  19. Hipanto e tubo estaminal em Xylopia aromatica (Lam.) Mart. (Annonaceae)

    OpenAIRE

    Dias, Marilda C.; Castro, Marília de M.; Kinoshita, Luiza S.; Semir, João

    1998-01-01

    (Hipanto e tubo estaminal em Xylopia aromatica (Lam.) Mart. (Annonaceae)). Observou-se, em corte longitudinal de flores de cinco espécies de Xylopia, um anel lenhoso ao redor dos carpelos e sobre ele, inserido de forma espiralada, o conjunto de estames e estaminódios. Para elucidar a natureza desta estrutura, foi realizado um estudo anatômico em flores adultas de Xylopia aromatica (Lam.) Mart., particularmente da vascularização desde a base do receptáculo até os estames, estaminódios e carpel...

  20. Lühike panegüürika Lauri Leesist : temale pühendatud näituse avamise puhul Eesti Rahvusraamatukogus 18. jaanuaril 2002 / Jean-Jacques Subrenat

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Subrenat, Jean-Jacques

    2002-01-01

    Prantsuse suursaadiku Eestis Jean-Jacques Subrenat sõnavõtt Rahvusraamatukogu humanitaarteaduste saalis ja Prantsuse saali galeriis näituse "Lauri Leesi kui prantsuse kultuuri ja keele vahendaja Eestis" avamise puhul

  1. Distribution of the Chinese Sleeper Perccottus glenii (Odontobutidae in fish communities of floodplain waterbodies in the Samarskaya Luka National Park (Samara Region, Russia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena V. Kirilenko

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available The article presents data on the species composition of fish in the waterbodies of the Mordovo floodplain of the Saratov Reservoir in the territory of the Samarskaya Luka National Park. The ichthyofauna of the investigated reservoirs was studied for the first time. The species structure of fish catches in five floodplain lakes and in one channel was analysed. Typological habitat conditions in waterbodies (for example, the flowage of floodplain waterbody and its connection with the Reservoir effect the species diversity of fish. In four of the six investigated bodies of water, an alien species, the Chinese sleeper, was discovered. The biotope of the species is confined to the thickets of aquatic vegetation, regardless of the depth and place of its growth in the reservoir.

  2. In vitro germination and growth of babassu ( orbygnia phalerata Mart ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In vitro germination and growth of babassu (orbygnia phalerata Mart.) embryos subjected to different drying temperatures. Aurélio Rubio Neto, Bethânia Silva Morais De Freitas, Apolyana Lorrayne Souza, Fabiano Guimarães Silva, Juliana De Fátima Sales, Larissa Leandro Pires ...

  3. Nitrogen phytoremediation by water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solms)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Fox, L.J.; Struik, P.C.; Appleton, B.L.; Rule, J.H.

    2008-01-01

    The phytoremediation potential of water hyacinth, Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solms, was examined in two independent studies under nitrogen (N) rates of 0, 40, 80, 100, 150, 200, and 300 ppm. A modified Hoagland solution was added to ponds containing water hyacinths which were rated and measured

  4. Mart Sander ei tea oma saate tulevikku / Heili Sibrits

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sibrits, Heili, 1977-

    2002-01-01

    Muusikasaatest "Tähed muusikas". Mart Sanderi juhitav MTÜ Bel-Etage suurprojektidest 2002. aasta maist augustini: Sir Arthur Sullivani koomilisest ooperist "Trial by Jury" ("Vandekohus") ja Lionel Moncktoni muusikalist "The Arcadians" ("Arkaadlased"). Sander juhib BBC Eurovisioni-eelset saadet eesti muusikast

  5. "Dateline NBC"'s Persuasive Attack on Wal-Mart.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benoit, William L.; Dorries, Bruce

    1996-01-01

    Develops a typology of persuasive attack strategies. Identifies two key components of persuasive attack: responsibility and offensiveness. Describes several strategies for intensifying each of these elements. Applies this analysis to "Dateline NBC"'s allegations that Wal-Mart's "Buy American" campaign was deceptive. Concludes…

  6. La historia orbital de Deimos y la oblicuidad de Marte

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brunini, A.; Yokoyama, T.

    Recientemente, se ha demostrado mediante extensas integraciones numéricas, que la rotación de Marte pasó repetidamente por estados caóticos de movimiento, debido al pasaje por zonas de resonancia spin - órbita. En dichas circunstancias, la oblicuidad marciana pudo haber sufrido grandes excursiones de varias decenas de grados. Las consecuencias de dichas variaciones son de extrema importancia en el contexto de la búsqueda de manifestaciones de vida fósil en dicho planeta. El estudio de la dinámica orbital del satélite más exterior de Marte, Deimos, nos ha permitido comprobar, en el marco de las distintas teorías sobre su orígen, que la oblicuidad de Marte dificilmente pudo haber sufrido variaciones que la aparten más de 10o respecto de actual valor. Este resultado parece ser mucho más robusto que las simulaciones numéricas de Touma y Wisdom asi como las de Laskar y Robutel, lo que permite poner cotas más severas a la evolución paleoclimática de Marte.

  7. Veinijutud Torresega / Kertu Lukas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lukas, Kertu, 1980-

    2005-01-01

    Oktoobri keskel käis kuulsa Torrese veiniperekonna marketingijuhist perepoeg Miguel Torres Jr Eestis, et tutvustada siinsetele veinisõpradele esimest Torrese Ribera del Duero piirkonna veini - Celeste Tempranillo 2003

  8. Nick Park pani Wallace'ile ja Gromitile libaküüliku needuse / Mart Rummo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rummo, Mart

    2005-01-01

    Uus animafilm "Wallace ja Gromit : Libaküüliku needus" ("Wallace & Gromit : The Curse of the Were-Rabbit") : režissöör Nick Park : Suurbritannia 2005. Selle loojast ja tema loometeest. Lisatud : Nick Park (filmograafia, auhindu), "Teised Nick Parkist" (Lauri Kaare, Mait Laas, Riho Unt)

  9. Eesti Vabariigi põhiseadus : kommenteeritud väljaanne / toimetuskolleegium: Eerik-Juhan Truuväli, Berit Aaviksoo, Oliver Kask, Lasse Lehis, Lauri Madise, Ülle Madise, Kalle Merusk, Lauri Mälksoo, Raul Narits, Vallo Olle, Peep Pruks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Kommentaaride autorid ja sisu: Sissejuhatus / Raul Narits, Lauri Madise, Heinrich Schneider. Preambul / Raul Narits, Heinrich Schneider. I ptk. / Kalle Merusk, Taavi Annus, Madis Ernits, Heiki Lindpere, Lauri Madise. II ptk. / Oliver Kask, Madis Ernits, Taavi Annus, Peeter Roosma, Rait Maruste, Eerik Kergandberg, Ivo Pilving, Uno Lõhmus, Merilin Kiviorg, Einar Vene, Ülle Madise. III ptk. / Oliver Kask. IV ptk. / Lauri Madise, Aaro Mõttus, Jüri Põld, Tiina Runthal. V ptk. / Eerik-Juhan Truuväli, Ülle Madise, Jüri Põld, Urmas Reinsalu. VI ptk. / Kalle Merusk, Jüri Põld. VII ptk. / Eerik-Juhan Truuväli, Jüri Liventaal, Jüri Põld. VIII ptk. / Lasse Lehis. IX ptk. / Kristi Land, Heiki Lindpere, Lauri Madise, Heiki Pisuke. X ptk. / Oliver Kask, Enn Markvart, Jüri Põld. XI ptk. / Ülle Madise, Janek Laidvee, Heinrich Schneider. XII ptk. / Berit Aaviksoo, Mihkel Allik, Enn Markvart, Raul Narits, Aare Reenumägi, Peeter Roosma. XIII ptk. / Raul Narits, Uno Lõhmus, Madis Ernits, Jüri Põld. XIV ptk. / Vallo Olle, Arno Almann, Jüri Liventaal, Ülle Madise. XV ptk. / Eerik-Juhan Truuväli, Aaro Mõttus. Eesti Vabariigi põhiseaduse rakendamise seadus / Oliver Kask, Raul Narits, Peeter Roosma. Eesti Vabariigi põhiseaduse täiendamise seadus / Berit Aaviksoo, Julia Laffranque, Ülle Madise, Jüri Põld. Eesti Vabariigi põhiseadus 1990-2008 : bibliograafia (seisuga september 2008) / koost. Maia Ruttu

  10. The "Martes complex"-- an opportunity to bring together marten, fisher, sable, wolverine, and tayra biologists

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilbert Proulx; Keith B. Aubry

    2014-01-01

    Recent phylogenetic studies have shown that the genus Martes is polyphyletic with respect to the Fisher (Pekania pennanti), which is more closely related to the Wolverine (Gulo gulo) and Tayra (Eira barbara) than it is to the martens. We refer to the 11 species in the genera Martes, Pekania, Gulo, and Eira as the “Martes Complex”. Because the species comprising the...

  11. Der Fall Wal-Mart : institutionelle Grenzen ökonomischer Globalisierung

    OpenAIRE

    Senge, Konstanze

    2004-01-01

    "In dem Text werden Gründe für die gescheiterte Expansionsstrategie des weltgrößten Einzelhandelsunternehmens Wal-Mart nach Deutschland diskutiert. Differenziert werden vor allem drei Fehlerquellen: So hat Wal-Mart die ökonomischen, politischen und kulturellen Besonderheiten in Deutschland nicht ausreichend beachtet. Zur Erklärung der Situation Wal-Marts in Deutschland wird das Modell des soziologischen Neo-Institutionalismus herangezogen, insbesondere wird auf die Konzepte 'Legitimität' und ...

  12. Design and implementation of fishery rescue data mart system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pan, Jun; Huang, Haiguang; Liu, Yousong

    A novel data mart based system for fishery rescue field was designed and implemented. The system runs ETL process to deal with original data from various databases and data warehouses, and then reorganized the data into the fishery rescue data mart. Next, online analytical processing (OLAP) are carried out and statistical reports are generated automatically. Particularly, quick configuration schemes are designed to configure query dimensions and OLAP data sets. The configuration file will be transformed into statistic interfaces automatically through a wizard-style process. The system provides various forms of reporting files, including crystal reports, flash graphical reports, and two-dimensional data grids. In addition, a wizard style interface was designed to guide users customizing inquiry processes, making it possible for nontechnical staffs to access customized reports. Characterized by quick configuration, safeness and flexibility, the system has been successfully applied in city fishery rescue department.

  13. Maytensifolone, a new triterpene from Maytenus distichophylla Mart. ex Reissek

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Duarte, Marcelo Cavalcante; Tavares, Josean Fechine; Madeiro, Sara Alves L.; Costa, Vicente Carlos O.; Barbosa Filho, Jose Maria; Silva, Marcelo Sobral da, E-mail: marcelosobral.ufpb@gmail.com [Universidade Federal da Paraiba (UFPB), Joao Pessoa, PB (Brazil). Departamento de Ciencias Farmaceuticas; Agra, Maria de Fatima [Universidade Federal da Paraiba (UFPB), Joao Pessoa, PB (Brazil). Centro de Biotecnologia. Departamento de Biotecnologia; Braz Filho, Raimundo [Universidade Estadual do Norte Fluminense, Campos dos Goytacazes, RJ (Brazil). Lab. de Ciencias Quimicas

    2013-10-15

    Phytochemical study of the leaves of Maytenus distichophylla Mart. ex Reissek led to the isolation of the new triterpene 3,16,21-trioxo-6{beta},12{alpha}-dihydroxy-1-en-friedelane, named maytensifolone, along with the known triterpenes 3-oxofriedelane, 3,12-dioxofriedelane, 3{beta}-hydroxyfriedelane, 3-oxo-29-hydroxyfriedelane, 3-oxo-12{alpha}-hydroxyfriedelane and 3-oxo- 30-hydroxyfriedelane. Their structural identification was based on spectroscopic methods and comparison with literature data. (author)

  14. Loyola University distingue al Ing. Martínez

    OpenAIRE

    Lezcano, Liseth

    2011-01-01

    El Ing. Axel Martínez, Director de Recursos Humanos de la Universidad Tecnológica de Panamá (UTP), recibió un reconocimiento que le hizo el Instituto de Recursos Humanos y Relaciones Industriales de Loyola University Chicago (LUC), como egresado destacado del Programa de Maestría en Recursos Humanos, por la prestigiosa carrera académica y por sus éxitos profesionales en un importante ambiente académico.

  15. Review of Nuria del Campo Martínez: Illocutionary Constructions in English: Cognitive Motivation and Linguistic Realization (2013)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Kim Ebensgaard

    2014-01-01

    A review of Nuria del Campo Martínez: Illocutionary Constructions in English: Cognitive Motivation and Linguistic Realization (2013)......A review of Nuria del Campo Martínez: Illocutionary Constructions in English: Cognitive Motivation and Linguistic Realization (2013)...

  16. Presencia de José Martí en la WEB. Parte 1, Martí como autor en Google Académico

    OpenAIRE

    González Alonso, Jorge; Pérez González, Yudeisy

    2015-01-01

    From searching the works of José Martí in Google Scholar and the use of tools such as Publish or Perish, bibliometric indicators could be determined as the h index that shows the impact of Marti's work. The high values of h that achieves José Martí as author, would place him as a leading researcher currently, with a remarkable impact on Social Sciences. It was determined the Works of José Martí most cited, among which is in the first place “Nuestra America”, which is demonstrated both by the...

  17. Sustaining Higher Education Using Wal-Mart's Best Supply Chain Management Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Comm, Clare L.; Mathaisel, Dennis F. X.

    2008-01-01

    Purpose: The costs in higher education are increasing and need to be controlled. This paper aims to demonstrate what lessons higher education could learn from Wal-Mart's reasons for its financial success with its focus on efficient and effective supply chain management (SCM) best practices. Design/methodology/approach: Wal-Mart's best practices in…

  18. Mart Kangro: uhkete dekoratsioonide taga peab olema elus hetk / intervjueerinud Tanel Veenre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kangro, Mart, 1974-

    2011-01-01

    Intervjuu koreograafi, lavastaja ja tantsija Mart Kangroga, kes kindlustab end pigem vaimses plaanis, kui loob endale müüre ümber. Ta leiab, et oluline on olla mobiilne, olla kulgemises, olla teel. Kanuti Gildi saalis etendub 24., 26. ja 27. septembril Mart Kangro tantsulavastus "Talk to Me"

  19. Mart Laar - visionäärina kuulsam välismaal / Kertu Ruus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ruus, Kertu, 1977-

    2005-01-01

    Maailmas on kümneid riike, kes imetlevad meie endise peaministri Mart Laari reforme Eestis. Kommenteerivad Margaret Thatcher, Alfredo Arias-King ja Tiit Vähi. Vt. samas: Väljavõtteid Mart Laari kohta ajakirjandusest; Laia haardega tegutseja: Liikmelisus

  20. Literatura y realidad histórica. Un reencuentro con Ezequiel Martínez Estrada y su interpretación del Martín Fierro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amán Rosales Rodríguez

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to critically review some of the main theoretical tenets in Ezequiel Martínez Estrada’s pessimistic stance about the Argentinean history and society of his time. Focusing on his critical remarks about the so-called «literatura o poesía gauchesca» as well as on his enthusiastic assessment of José Hernández’ Martín Fierro, the achievements and missing points in Martínez Estrada’s skeptical diagnosis will be underlined and put in broader philosophical context. For the Argentinean writer the controversial notion of a “superimposed reality” – as he infers its existence from the Martín Fierro – captures a kind of ambivalent metaphysical concurrence among the literary creation, the geographical setting and the sociopolitical state of the country.

  1. José Martí: paradigma de la generosidad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Lidia Torres Armenteros

    Full Text Available Este trabajo tiene el objetivo de argumentar cómo se manifiesta la generosidad en la vida y obra de José Martí. Muestra la necesidad e importancia de recurrir a sus obras para fortalecer este valor desde los escenarios familiares, escolares, comunitarios y sociales. Se concluyó que la generosidad constituye en la actualidad una tarea pedagógica de gran importancia y el legado martiano es una vía obligada a recorrer.

  2. Marte: construcción del primer asentamiento humano

    OpenAIRE

    Sirviente Alonso, Carlos

    2017-01-01

    La carrera por habitar Marte no acaba más que de empezar, pero este breve espacio de tiempo ha sido más que suficiente para conocer el escenario donde se vivirá, su problemática y posibles soluciones. En el presente trabajo se estudia la viabilidad teórica de construir un asentamiento permanente de seres humanos. Dicho asentamiento tendrá lugar en un túnel de lava, donde se creará un espacio completamente hermético del exterior. Dentro, el ambiente de relaciones sociales ser...

  3. Notes on winter feeding habits of the pine marten Martes martes L. in Val Gressoney (Western Italian Alps

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paolo Agnelli

    1995-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract A first report on the feeding habits of a mainland population of the pine marten (Martes martes in Italy is presented here. The winter food of this carnivore in Western Alps (altitude 1800-2500 m a.s.1. is described, using stomach analysis. Both volume and frequency of occurrence of different food items were quantified. Mammals and wild fruits represent the main food categories. The presence of the small mammal species in the diet is discussed. Riassunto Note sulla dieta invernale della martora Martes Martes L. in Val Gressoney (Alpi occidentali italiane - Le abitudini alimentari della martora (Martes martes nell'Italia peninsulare vengono descritte per la prima volta sulla base del contenuto stomacale di 9 esemplari provenienti dalle Alpi occidentali (fascia altitudinale compresa tra i 1800 e 2500 m s.1.m.. I dati raccolti si riferiscono a1 periodo invernale e sono stati espressi come frequenza percentuale e volume percentuale stimato. I mammiferi e i frutti selvatici costituiscono le principali categorie alimentari. La presenza delle specie di micromammiferi rinvenuti viene discussa.

  4. A non-invasive genetic survey of the Pine marten (Martes martes in the western river Po plain (italy: preliminary results

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessandro Balestrieri

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Riassunto Monitoraggio genetico non invasivo della martora (Martes martes nella pianura padana occidentale: risultati preliminari. Tra il 2003 e il 2004, due esemplari di martora (Martes martes sono stati investiti da automezzi sulla sponda sinistra del fiume Po (R. N. Garzaia di Valenza, Piemonte. Per accertare la presenza stabile della specie nella Riserva e lungo il tratto vercellese-alessandrino del Parco fluviale del Po, è stato applicato un metodo PCR-RFLP per l’analisi di mtDNA di origine fecale. A partire da gennaio 2007, sono state raccolte 212 feci attribuibili al genere Martes in base a forma e dimensioni. L’analisi di un campione di 117 feci (55% ha permesso di identificare 10 feci di martora e 15 di faina (M. foina, confermando la presenza della martora nella Riserva e accertandola per la prima volta in un’area collinare in sponda destra del Po (Camino, AL, circa 32 km a monte della Riserva. Resta da valutare se la scarsa resa dell’amplificazione del DNA (21,4% sia dovuta alla degradazione del materiale genetico o ad un numero elevato di feci di volpe (Vulpes vulpes erroneamente attribuite a Martes durante la fase di raccolta.

  5. José Martí y la ciencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Suárez Lezcano

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Nuestro José Martí, ejemplo de una formación humanística integral, escribió en una carta a María Mantilla:”Donde yo encuentro poesía mayor es en los libros de ciencia…” Martí vio la ciencia como un fenómeno social y consideró que el desarrollo científico técnico debía estar en función de la satisfacción de las necesidades de las grandes mayorías. Su sistemática voluntad  de cultivarse, de tratar de entender al mundo y no sólo de vivirlo, de razonarlo, fue el motor principal que llevaría a Martí a hacerse de una cultura científica y técnica poco común entre los hombres de su época. También el hecho de vivir durante muchos años en los Estados Unidos le permitió analizar con  profundidad y realismo la sociedad de la época, y por tanto llegó a tener una visión muy avanzada de la relación hombre – naturaleza - sociedad, llegando a convertirse en un gran divulgador de los avances de la ciencia y la técnica de aquella época. La originalidad del periodismo de nuevo tipo que inicia José Martí como vehículo para la divulgación científico - técnica encuentra una de sus más altas expresiones en la revista “La América”. Esta publicación había comenzado en abril de 1882, en Nueva York, bajo la dirección de Rafael de Castro Palomino, quien solicita la colaboración del poeta. A partir del mes de marzo de 1883, el Maestro redacta “La América” en su totalidad, desde los titulares hasta los artículos ensayísticos. Martí caracteriza “La América” como “periódico útil”, pues se dedicó a divulgar los adelantos de la industria, comercio y agricultura de los productores de la América del Norte, y en el avisador prudente de los compradores de la América del Sur. Este carácter de la publicación permite a José Martí tratar desde las páginas de “La América” los recientes descubrimientos científicos, la reseña detallada de las exposiciones que exhibían los últimos logros de la t

  6. Los testimonios de Marte en la Meseta Meridional

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julián Hurtado Aguña

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Marte, fue una de las más importantes divinidades romanas presentes en Híspanla. Dentro de la Meseta meridional sus testimonios aparecen en algunas localidades de la provincia de Madrid, como Alcalá de Henares, Talamanca del Jarama o Collado Villalba, estando ausentes en otras partes de esta región. Especialmente importante es la presencia de inscripciones dedicadas a Marte en la ciudad romana de Complutum (Alcalá de Henares, donde sus dedicantes pudieran pertenecer en algún caso al grupo social de los libertos.One oí the most important román divinities in Híspanla was Mars. His testimonies in the Meridional Plateau are in some villages of Madrid's province, as Alcalá de Henares, Talamanca del Jarama or Collado Villalba, and they are not in other places of this reglan. Specially important is ttie presence of inscriptions to Mars in ttie román town of Complutum (Alcalá de Henares, wtiere his devotes could belong to the social freedmans group.

  7. Morphological characterization of Kielmeyera coriacea Mart. cork from brazilian cerrado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Polliana D`Angelo Rios

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Kielmeyera coriacea Mart., known as “pau-santo”, is mentioned in the literature as the main tree species which produces cork of the Brazilian Cerrado. The purpose of this study was to describe the morphological aspect of Kielmeyera coriacea (“pau-santo” cork cells through its microscopic structure and to compare it with the cellular morphology of Quercus suber (cork oak, which is the main cork producing species worldwide. The bark from three trees of the species Kielmeyera coriacea Mart. was collected randomly at points 1.30 m above the ground, with four repetitions per sample. Samples came from native stands situated in the region of Luminárias - MG, Brazil. The study of morphological characteristics was conducted by counting the number of sides of the cells, and measuring the dimensions of the cells from images obtained by scanning electron microscopy (SEM. Images were analyzed using the LEOUIF software. The distribution in faces and edges of cork cells from Kielmeyera coriacea, was observed to have from 4 to 8 sides, with a predominance of hexagonal cells, similar to Quercus suber. The averages of height and thickness of the cell walls were 40 to 70 µm and 1.5 to 2.0 µm respectively, indicating cells from an early growth season. Both height and thickness were observed to be greater than those present in Quercus suber

  8. Ekspresi COX-2 dan Jumlah Neutrofil Fase Inflamasi pada Proses Penyembuhan Luka Setelah Pemberian Sistemik Ekstrak Etanolik Rosela (Hibiscus sabdariffa (studi in vivo pada Tikus Wistar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Endah Kusumastuti

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Inflamasi merupakan respon alami tubuh terhadap adanya kerusakan jaringan. Salah satu medikamen untuk mengatasi inflamasi adalah antiinflamasi non steroid (AINS. Penggunaan AINS mempunyai beberapa efek samping dan dalam beberapa hal penggunaan tanaman obat dinilai lebih aman. Rosela merupakan salah satu tanaman obat yang mempunyai potensi sebagai antiinflamasi. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui efek pemberian sistemik ekstrak etanolik rosela terhadap ekspresi COX-2 dan jumlah neutrofil fase inflamasi pada proses penyembuhan luka. Bunga rosela didapatkan dari perkebunan di Dusun Bulusari Desa Pojok Kecamatan Tarokan Kabupaten Kediri Jawa Timur. Pembuatan ekstrak rosela dilakukan di LPPT unit I UGM Yogjakarta dengan cara perkolasi. Tikus putih galur Wistar sebanyak 36 ekor diberi perlukaan dengan punch biopsi ɵ 3 mm pada mukosa bukal. Subjek dibagi menjadi 3 kelompok, masing-masing kelompok 12 ekor tikus. Pembagian kelompok terdiri dari kontrol negatif (saline, kontrol positif (ibuprofen 20 mg/kg BB dan perlakuan (ekstrak rosela 500 mg/kg BB. Pemberian minum sesuai kelompoknya sehari sekali selama 4 hari. Pada hari ke-1, ke-2, ke-3 dan ke-4 tikus dikorbankan lalu jaringan mukosa yang mengalami perlukaan dibuat preparat histologis. Pewarnaan Hematoksilin Eosin (HE dilakukan untuk mengamati jumlah neutrofil. Ekspresi COX-2 diamati pada preparat dengan pewarnaan imunohistokimia menggunakan rabbit polyclonal antibody COX-2 (Lab Vision, USA. Jumlah neutrofil dan ekspresi COX-2 dihitung di bawah mikroskop cahaya lalu data dianalisi menggunakan ANAVA dan LSD. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ekspresi COX-2 dan jumlah neutrofil lebih rendah pada kelompok perlakuan dibanding kontrol. Pengamatan klinis pada hari ke-4 juga tampak luka seluruh subjek telah menutup sempurna setelah pemberian minum rosela. Disimpulkan bahwa ekstrak etanolik rosela mempunyai kemampuan menghambat ekspresi COX-2 dan menurunkan jumlah neutrofil sehingga dapat digunakan

  9. Retrospective analysis of the role and performance of family medicine versus emergency medical services in the pre-hospital management of patients with AMI in Banja Luka.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lakić, Biljana; Račić, Maja; Vulić, Duško

    2016-05-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate the differences in pre-hospital care of patients with acute myocardial infarction between emergency medical services and family medicine. This retrospective descriptive study included patients treated for acute myocardial infarction at the University Clinical Centre of Banja Luka, in the period from 1st January to 31st December 2011. The patients were divided into two groups: patients who received a hospital referral from the family medicine service and those who received one from the emergency medical service. The majority of patients (54.8%) received pre-hospital care from emergency medical services, while in 24.8% of cases the care was provided by family medicine physicians. The analysis showed that the time that passed from the onset of symptoms to the visit to the health institution of first medical contact was shorter in the emergency medical service (pfamily practice was 24 hours, and to the emergency service 2 hours. The patients who established their first medical contact with the emergency service reported more severe symptoms than the ones who visited a family practice over the same period of time. The severity of symptoms affected the patients' decisions to seek help in a timely manner and to choose the facility of first medical contact. Interventions to decrease delay must focus on improving public awareness of acute myocardial infarction symptoms and increasing their knowledge of the benefits of early medical contact and treatment. Continuing education of family practitioners in this field is required. Copyright © 2016 by Academy of Sciences and Arts of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

  10. El concepto de “revolución” en José Martí

    OpenAIRE

    Mora Rodríguez, Arnoldo

    2007-01-01

    El presente ensayo busca situar en el contexto histórico de finales del siglo XIX el aporte político, filosófico y literario de José Martí. Con Martí, no solo culmina un siglo, sino que forja un proyecto integral histórico a todos los pueblos de Nuestra América para el nuevo siglo. This essay searches to situate in the historical context al the end of the century the political, philosophical and literary contribution of José Martí. With him ends a century and also creates an integral histo...

  11. Motion tracking-enhanced MART for tomographic PIV

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Novara, Matteo; Scarano, Fulvio; Batenburg, Kees Joost

    2010-01-01

    A novel technique to increase the accuracy of multiplicative algebraic reconstruction technique (MART) reconstruction from tomographic particle image velocimetry (PIV) recordings at higher seeding density than currently possible is presented. The motion tracking enhancement (MTE) method is based on the combined utilization of images from two or more exposures to enhance the reconstruction of individual intensity fields. The working principle is first introduced qualitatively, and the mathematical background is given that explains how the MART reconstruction can be improved on the basis of an improved first guess object obtained from the combination of non-simultaneous views reduced to the same time instant deforming the 3D objects by an estimate of the particle motion field. The performances of MTE are quantitatively evaluated by numerical simulation of the imaging, reconstruction and image correlation processes. The cases of two or more exposures obtained from time-resolved experiments are considered. The iterative application of MTE appears to significantly improve the reconstruction quality, first by decreasing the intensity of the ghost images and second, by increasing the intensity and the reconstruction precision for the actual particles. Based on computer simulations, the maximum imaged seeding density that can be dealt with is tripled with respect to the MART analysis applied to a single exposure. The analysis also illustrates that the maximum effect of the MTE method is comparable to that of doubling the number of cameras in the tomographic system. Experiments performed on a transitional jet at Re = 5000 apply the MTE method to double-frame recordings. The velocity measurement precision is increased for a system with fewer views (two or three cameras compared with four cameras). The ghost particles' intensity is also visibly reduced although to a lesser extent with respect to the computer simulations. The velocity and vorticity field obtained from a three

  12. Propagação vegetativa de Hyptis leucocephala Mart. ex Benth. e Hyptis platanifolia Mart. ex Benth. (Lamiaceae Vegetative propagation of Hyptis leucocephala Mart. ex Benth. and Hyptis platanifolia Mart. ex Benth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L.M Oliveira

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available O gênero Hyptis (Lamiaceae apresenta metabolismo especial de notável variabilidade, possuindo predominância de óleos essenciais, que têm muito valor junto a diversas comunidades que utilizam essas plantas pelas propriedades terapêuticas. Diversos estudos com esse gênero têm demonstrado que os óleos essenciais apresentam propriedades antimicrobiana, antifúngica, citotóxica, antiinflamatória, anti-HIV e inseticida, entretanto, poucos são os estudos voltados para a exploração sustentável dessas espécies. O objetivo desse trabalho foi avaliar o efeito de diferentes tipos de estaca e diferentes concentrações de ácido indolbutírico (AIB sobre a taxa de sobrevivência, crescimento e enraizamento de estacas de Hyptis leucocephala Mart. ex Benth. e Hyptis platanifolia Mart. ex Benth., espécies endêmicas do semi-árido nordestino cujo valor medicinal tem sido amplamente comprovado. O experimento teve duração de quatro meses. Foram utilizadas estacas apicais, médio-apicais, médio-basais e basais tratadas com soluções de 0, 1000, 2000 e 4000 mg L-1 de ácido indolbutírico (AIB, durante 5 minutos. A utilização de estacas apicais, médio/apicais e médio/basais induzidas com 2000 e 4000 mg L-1 de AIB possibilitaram melhores resultados para propagação vegetativa de Hyptis leucocephala. Para Hyptis platanifolia os melhores resultados foram obtidos com a utilização de estacas médio/basais e basais tratadas com AIB na concentração de 2000 e 4000 mg L-1.The genus Hyptis (Lamiaceae has a special metabolism with remarkable variability and predominance of essential oils of great value to the various communities that use these plants due to their therapeutic properties. A number of studies on this genus have demonstrated that its essential oils present antimicrobial, antifungal, cytotoxic, anti-inflammatory, anti-HIV and insecticidal activities. However, few studies have focused on the sustainable exploitation of these species

  13. Antioxidant and cytotoxic activities of 'acai' (Euterpe precatoria Mart.)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Galotta, Ana Lucia Q.A.; Boaventura, Maria Amelia D.; Lima, Luciana A. R.S.

    2008-01-01

    Decoction of roots of the Amazonian palm acai (Euterpe precatoria Mart.) is widely used by Brazilian and Peruvian people as an anti-inflammatory, to heal kidney and liver diseases and against snake bites. In this study, the antioxidant activity of extracts and flavonoids (quercetin, catechin, epicatechin, rutin and astilbin) isolated from roots and leaf stalks of E. precatoria was investigated using β-carotene in TLC plates and DPPH radical scavenging in a spectrophotometric bioassay. All extracts and flavonoids showed activity. Also, the cytotoxic activity of these extracts was evaluated by the brine shrimp (Artemia salina) larvicide bioassay and was lower than that of lapachol, used as control. The presence of flavonoids and sitosterol-3-O-β-D-glucopyranoside in the extracts can justify the use of the plant in traditional medicine. (author)

  14. El hombre borrado. Mart Stam y la creatividad colectiva

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo López Martín

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available El arquitecto holandés Mart Stam fue un outsider del Movimiento Moderno. Comúnmente encasillado en su papel de instigador del ala más dura e intransigente del determinismo racionalista, fue sin embargo un creador original, dotado de un particular talento en todas las escalas. Su propia idea de la disciplina, cercana a la actividad científica, cuya meta es la contribución desinteresada y anónima a un saber universal, ha resultado ser crucial para que su participación en algunas de las páginas más brillantes de la modernidad haya sido relegada a un papel testimonial.

  15. La aventura de la exploración de Marte

    OpenAIRE

    Vázquez Martínez, Luis

    2013-01-01

    Resumen La exploración del planeta Marte forma parte de un objetivo científico de largo alcance: entender la formación y la historia del Sistema Solar, saber no sólo cómo son hoy en día todos los cuerpos celestes que lo forman, sino cómo fueron en otros tiempos geológicos, cómo se formaron, si en ellos se dieron condiciones para que se desarrollase vida como ocurrió en la Tierra. En este contexto científico se ha de resaltar la participación activa de la Universidad Complutense de Madr...

  16. eSciMart: Web Platform for Scientific Software Marketplace

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kryukov, A. P.; Demichev, A. P.

    2016-10-01

    In this paper we suggest a design of a web marketplace where users of scientific application software and databases, presented in the form of web services, as well as their providers will have presence simultaneously. The model, which will be the basis for the web marketplace is close to the customer-to-customer (C2C) model, which has been successfully used, for example, on the auction sites such as eBay (ebay.com). Unlike the classical model of C2C the suggested marketplace focuses on application software in the form of web services, and standardization of API through which application software will be integrated into the web marketplace. A prototype of such a platform, entitled eSciMart, is currently being developed at SINP MSU.

  17. Znat russkii jazõk polezno / Mart Laar ; interv. Viktor Sokolov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laar, Mart, 1960-

    2000-01-01

    Peaminister Mart Laari intervjuu ajalehele "Nezavissimaja Gazeta" ئ vene keele kasutamisest Eestis, Eesti-Vene suhetest, liitumisest NATO-ga. Art. refereerib T. Kallas, PM Jan/7 lk. 11. Allikas: Nezavissimaja gazeta

  18. Rol mezhdu proshlõm i budushtshim / Mart Laar ; interv. Josef Kats

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laar, Mart, 1960-

    2006-01-01

    Parlamendisaadik ning ekspeaminister Mart Laarile meeldib kõige enam tema roll ajaloolasena, otsusest esitada oma kandidatuur peaministri kohale kevadistel parlamendivalimistel, 1940. a. sündmuste mõju Eesti arengule, venelased Eestis

  19. Kuidas sai kirjanik Mart Raud endale kirjanik Albert Kivikase maja? : [Tallinn, Vaarika 3] / Stepan Karja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karja, Stepan

    1995-01-01

    Vastukaja : Raud, Valda; Raud, Anu. Vastuseks Stepan Karja artiklile 'Kuidas sai kirjanik Mart Raud endale kirjanik Albert Kivikase maja' // Postimees, 1995, 18.apr., lk.7 ; Rebane, Ilme. Alati on raske loobuda armsaks saanud elupaigast // Postimees, 1995, 25.mai, lk.6

  20. Kunstjäsemetega inimsööjad / Mart Kalvet, Alvo Aabloo, Kristjan Port

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalvet, Mart, 1975-

    2011-01-01

    Inimene, meditsiin ja biotehnoloogia aastal 2031. Ennustavad tõlkija Mart Kalvet, Tartu Ülikooli arukate materjalide ja süsteemide labori professor Alvo Aabloo ja Tallinna Ülikooli Terviseteaduste ja Spordi Instituudi direktor Kristjan Port

  1. Enterprise Human Resources Integration-Statistical Data Mart (EHRI-SDM) Status Data

    Data.gov (United States)

    Office of Personnel Management — The Enterprise Human Resources Integration-Statistical Data Mart (EHRI-SDM) is a statistically cleansed sub-set of the data contained in the EHRI data warehouse. It...

  2. Enamik Mõtteloo Sihtkapitali rahast kasvab USA aktsiates / Mart Trummal ; interv. Anne Oja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Trummal, Mart

    2006-01-01

    Intervjuu Eesti Mõtteloo Sihtkapitali juhi Mart Trummaliga. Tabel: Mõtteloo Sihtkapitali vara on USA-s noteeritud indeksifondides; Investeeringud Eesti aktsiatesse. Diagramm: Finantsinvesteeringute maht. Vt. samas: Anne Oja. Dividendisaajate esirinnas. Kommenteerib Annika Matson

  3. Mart ja Mari-Ann Susi taotlevad omanikena Concordia pankrotti / Andri Maimets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Maimets, Andri, 1979-

    2003-01-01

    Concordia Ülikooli rektor Mart Susi esitas kohtule avalduse, milles taotleb ülikooli pidanud Concordia Varahalduse OÜ pankroti väljakuulutamist. Vt. samas: Mari-Ann Susi õigustas ülikooli raha kasutamist

  4. Konteki edu saladus peitub efektiivsete lahenduste kiires rakendamises / Mart Urbas ; intervjueerinud Signe Kalberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Urbas, Mart

    2009-01-01

    Firma juhataja asetäitja Mart Urbas 1991. aastal asutatud betoonifirmast AS Kontek Int, tehtud töödest (Tigutorn Tartus, Tornimäe 3 hotelli betoonkonstruktsioonid Tallinnas jt.), järelpingestatud betoonkonstruktsioonidest

  5. P-MartCancer–Interactive Online Software to Enable Analysis of Shotgun Cancer Proteomic Datasets

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Webb-Robertson, Bobbie-Jo M.; Bramer, Lisa M.; Jensen, Jeffrey L.; Kobold, Markus A.; Stratton, Kelly G.; White, Amanda M.; Rodland, Karin D.

    2017-10-31

    P-MartCancer is a new interactive web-based software environment that enables biomedical and biological scientists to perform in-depth analyses of global proteomics data without requiring direct interaction with the data or with statistical software. P-MartCancer offers a series of statistical modules associated with quality assessment, peptide and protein statistics, protein quantification and exploratory data analyses driven by the user via customized workflows and interactive visualization. Currently, P-MartCancer offers access to multiple cancer proteomic datasets generated through the Clinical Proteomics Tumor Analysis Consortium (CPTAC) at the peptide, gene and protein levels. P-MartCancer is deployed using Azure technologies (http://pmart.labworks.org/cptac.html), the web-service is alternatively available via Docker Hub (https://hub.docker.com/r/pnnl/pmart-web/) and many statistical functions can be utilized directly from an R package available on GitHub (https://github.com/pmartR).

  6. P-MartCancer-Interactive Online Software to Enable Analysis of Shotgun Cancer Proteomic Datasets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Webb-Robertson, Bobbie-Jo M; Bramer, Lisa M; Jensen, Jeffrey L; Kobold, Markus A; Stratton, Kelly G; White, Amanda M; Rodland, Karin D

    2017-11-01

    P-MartCancer is an interactive web-based software environment that enables statistical analyses of peptide or protein data, quantitated from mass spectrometry-based global proteomics experiments, without requiring in-depth knowledge of statistical programming. P-MartCancer offers a series of statistical modules associated with quality assessment, peptide and protein statistics, protein quantification, and exploratory data analyses driven by the user via customized workflows and interactive visualization. Currently, P-MartCancer offers access and the capability to analyze multiple cancer proteomic datasets generated through the Clinical Proteomics Tumor Analysis Consortium at the peptide, gene, and protein levels. P-MartCancer is deployed as a web service (https://pmart.labworks.org/cptac.html), alternatively available via Docker Hub (https://hub.docker.com/r/pnnl/pmart-web/). Cancer Res; 77(21); e47-50. ©2017 AACR . ©2017 American Association for Cancer Research.

  7. Kuidas ohjeldada netikommentaatoreid? / Mart Laanpere, Peeter Normak, Jaanus Lillenberg, Kristi Kasper-Semidor

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2010-01-01

    Küsimusele vastavad TLÜ haridustehnoloogia keskuse juhataja Mart Laanpere, TLÜ informaatika instituudi direktor Peeter Normak, Postimees Online’i arendus- ja turundusjuht Jaanus Lillenberg ja haridusveebi Koolielu toimetaja Kristi Kasper-Semidor

  8. Enterprise Human Resources Integration-Statistical Data Mart (EHRI-SDM) Dynamics Data

    Data.gov (United States)

    Office of Personnel Management — The Enterprise Human Resources Integration-Statistical Data Mart (EHRI-SDM) is a statistically cleansed sub-set of the data contained in the EHRI data warehouse. It...

  9. A Study of the Discount Retail Industry and Wal-Mart Corporation

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-06-05

    hamburgers they think of McDonalds. When someone thinks of discount retail Ihey think of Wal-Mart. Although someone wanting a hamburger can go Burger King ...SOURCES CONSULTED 117 in Executive Summary By no mistake, Wal-Mart is the reigning king in the retail industry. Conscientious decisions as to what...wilh J.C. Penney Company in 1940. After a five-year tour in the Army, he purchased a Ben Franklin variety store franchise in Newport, Arkansas in

  10. [Population aspects of sexual dimorphism in guild of the Mustelidae: Mustela lutreola, Neovison vison, Mustela putorius, Martes martes as an example].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Korablev, M P; Korablev, N P; Korablev, P N

    2013-01-01

    Size sexual dimorphism was investigated on 695 skulls of four Mustelidae species. By extent of increasing of differences between sexes the species are placed in following order: European pine marten (Martes martes), European mink (Mustela lutreola), American mink (Neovison vison), and European polecat (Mustela putorius). Extent of the dimorphism characterizes ecological plasticity of the species and is population characteristic. It is shown that M. martes takes specific and relatively narrow ecological niche of forest ecosystems, entering into weak competitive relationships with smaller Mustelidae species. The level of sexual dimorphism of M. lutreola, N. vison and M. putorius reflects intensity of its interspecific relationships within study area. High level of sexual dimorphism of M. putorius is determined by further divergence of ecological niches of males and females, and also appears to be compensatory mechanism reducing consequences of hardened environmental requirements.

  11. A shared memory based interface of MARTe with EPICS for real-time applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yun, Sangwon; Neto, André C.; Park, Mikyung; Lee, Sangil; Park, Kaprai

    2014-01-01

    Highlights: • We implemented a shared memory based interface of MARTe with EPICS. • We implemented an EPICS module supporting device and driver support. • We implemented an example EPICS IOC and CSS OPI for evaluation. - Abstract: The Multithreaded Application Real-Time executor (MARTe) is a multi-platform C++ middleware designed for the implementation of real-time control systems. It currently supports the Linux, Linux + RTAI, VxWorks, Solaris and MS Windows platforms. In the fusion community MARTe is being used at JET, COMPASS, ISTTOK, FTU and RFX in fusion [1]. The Experimental Physics and Industrial Control System (EPICS), a standard framework for the control systems in KSTAR and ITER, is a set of software tools and applications which provide a software infrastructure for use in building distributed control systems to operate devices. For a MARTe based application to cooperate with an EPICS based application, an interface layer between MARTe and EPICS is required. To solve this issue, a number of interfacing solutions have been proposed and some of them have been implemented. Nevertheless, a new approach is required to mitigate the functional limitations of existing solutions and to improve their performance for real-time applications. This paper describes the design and implementation of a shared memory based interface between MARTe and EPICS

  12. Immunizing Patients With Metastatic Melanoma Using Recombinant Adenoviruses Encoding MART-1 or gp100 Melanoma Antigens

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosenberg, Steven A.; Zhai, Yifan; Yang, James C.; Schwartzentruber, Douglas J.; Hwu, Patrick; Marincola, Francesco M.; Topalian, Suzanne L.; Restifo, Nicholas P.; Seipp, Claudia A.; Einhorn, Jan H.; Roberts, Bruce; White, Donald E.

    2008-01-01

    Background: The characterization of the genes encoding melanoma-associated antigens MART-1 or gp100, recognized by T cells, has opened new possibilities for the development of immunization strategies for patients with metastatic melanoma. With the use of recombinant adenoviruses expressing either MART-1 or gp100 to immunize patients with metastatic melanoma, we evaluated the safety, immunologic, and potential therapeutic aspects of these immunizations. Methods: In phase I studies, 54 patients received escalating doses (between 107 and 1011 plaque-forming units) of recombinant adenovirus encoding either MART-1 or gp100 melanoma antigen administered either alone or followed by the administration of interleukin 2 (IL-2). The immunologic impact of these immunizations on the development of cellular and antibody reactivity was assayed. Results: Recombinant adenoviruses expressing MART-1 or gp100 were safely administered. One of 16 patients with metastatic melanoma receiving the recombinant adenovirus MART-1 alone experienced a complete response. Other patients achieved objective responses, but they had received IL-2 along with an adenovirus, and their responses could be attributed to the cytokine. Immunologic assays showed no consistent immunization to the MART-1 or gp100 transgenes expressed by the recombinant adenoviruses. High levels of neutralizing antibody were found in the pretreatment sera of the patients. Conclusions: High doses of recombinant adenoviruses could be safely administered to cancer patients. High levels of neutralizing antibody present in patients' sera prior to treatment may have impaired the ability of these viruses to immunize patients against melanoma antigens. PMID:9862627

  13. A shared memory based interface of MARTe with EPICS for real-time applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yun, Sangwon, E-mail: yunsw@nfri.re.kr [National Fusion Research Institute (NFRI), Gwahangno 169-148, Yuseong-Gu, Daejeon 305-806 (Korea, Republic of); Neto, André C. [Associação EURATOM/IST, Instituto de Plasmas e Fusão Nuclear, Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade Técnica de Lisboa, P-1049-001 Lisboa (Portugal); Park, Mikyung; Lee, Sangil; Park, Kaprai [National Fusion Research Institute (NFRI), Gwahangno 169-148, Yuseong-Gu, Daejeon 305-806 (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-05-15

    Highlights: • We implemented a shared memory based interface of MARTe with EPICS. • We implemented an EPICS module supporting device and driver support. • We implemented an example EPICS IOC and CSS OPI for evaluation. - Abstract: The Multithreaded Application Real-Time executor (MARTe) is a multi-platform C++ middleware designed for the implementation of real-time control systems. It currently supports the Linux, Linux + RTAI, VxWorks, Solaris and MS Windows platforms. In the fusion community MARTe is being used at JET, COMPASS, ISTTOK, FTU and RFX in fusion [1]. The Experimental Physics and Industrial Control System (EPICS), a standard framework for the control systems in KSTAR and ITER, is a set of software tools and applications which provide a software infrastructure for use in building distributed control systems to operate devices. For a MARTe based application to cooperate with an EPICS based application, an interface layer between MARTe and EPICS is required. To solve this issue, a number of interfacing solutions have been proposed and some of them have been implemented. Nevertheless, a new approach is required to mitigate the functional limitations of existing solutions and to improve their performance for real-time applications. This paper describes the design and implementation of a shared memory based interface between MARTe and EPICS.

  14. Modeling and analysis of real-time and embedded systems with UML and MARTE developing cyber-physical systems

    CERN Document Server

    Selic, Bran

    2013-01-01

    Modeling and Analysis of Real-Time and Embedded Systems with UML and MARTE explains how to apply the complex MARTE standard in practical situations. This approachable reference provides a handy user guide, illustrating with numerous examples how you can use MARTE to design and develop real-time and embedded systems and software. Expert co-authors Bran Selic and Sébastien Gérard lead the team that drafted and maintain the standard and give you the tools you need apply MARTE to overcome the limitations of cyber-physical systems. The functional sophistication required of modern cyber-physical

  15. Coupling DCS and MARTe: two real-time control frameworks in collaboration

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rapson, Christopher J.; Carvalho, Pedro; Lüddecke, Klaus; Neto, André C.; Santos, Bruno; Treutterer, Wolfgang; Winter, Axel; Zehetbauer, Thomas

    2014-01-01

    Highlights: • Similarities and differences between DCS and MARTe. • Identifies the state-of-the-art in terms of software frameworks for fusion control. • Interfaces developed for realtime and non-realtime communication between DCS and MARTe. • An algorithm replicated in DCS and MARTe produces identical results and good performance. • The start of collaboration to develop a new framework for ITER PCS. - Abstract: Fusion experiments place high demands on real-time control systems. Within the fusion community two modern framework-based software architectures have emerged as powerful tools for developing algorithms for real-time control of complex systems while maintaining the flexibility required when operating a physics experiment. The two frameworks are known as DCS (Discharge Control System), from ASDEX Upgrade and MARTe (Multithreaded Application Real-Time executor), originally from JET. Based on the success of DCS and MARTe, ITER has chosen to develop a framework architecture for its Plasma Control System which will adopt major design concepts from both the existing frameworks. This paper describes a coupling of the two existing frameworks, which was undertaken to explore the degree of similarity and compliance between the concepts, and to extend their capabilities. DCS and MARTe operate in parallel with synchronised state machines and a common message logger. Configuration data is exchanged before the real-time phase. During the real-time phase, structured data is exchanged via shared memory and an existing DCS algorithm is replicated within MARTe. The coupling tests the flexibility and identifies the respective strengths of the two frameworks, providing a well-informed basis on which to move forward and design a new ITER real-time framework

  16. Coupling DCS and MARTe: two real-time control frameworks in collaboration

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rapson, Christopher J., E-mail: chris.rapson@ipp.mpg.de [Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics, Boltzmannstrasse 2, 85748 Garching (Germany); Carvalho, Pedro [Instituto de Plasmas e Fusão Nuclear, Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade de Lisboa, 1049-001 Lisboa (Portugal); Lüddecke, Klaus; Neto, André C. [Unlimited Computer Systems GmbH, Seeshaupterstr. 15, 82393 Iffeldorf (Germany); Santos, Bruno [Instituto de Plasmas e Fusão Nuclear, Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade de Lisboa, 1049-001 Lisboa (Portugal); Treutterer, Wolfgang [Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics, Boltzmannstrasse 2, 85748 Garching (Germany); Winter, Axel [ITER Organization, Route de Vinon-sur-Verdon, 13115 St.-Paul-Lès-Durance (France); Zehetbauer, Thomas [Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics, Boltzmannstrasse 2, 85748 Garching (Germany)

    2014-12-15

    Highlights: • Similarities and differences between DCS and MARTe. • Identifies the state-of-the-art in terms of software frameworks for fusion control. • Interfaces developed for realtime and non-realtime communication between DCS and MARTe. • An algorithm replicated in DCS and MARTe produces identical results and good performance. • The start of collaboration to develop a new framework for ITER PCS. - Abstract: Fusion experiments place high demands on real-time control systems. Within the fusion community two modern framework-based software architectures have emerged as powerful tools for developing algorithms for real-time control of complex systems while maintaining the flexibility required when operating a physics experiment. The two frameworks are known as DCS (Discharge Control System), from ASDEX Upgrade and MARTe (Multithreaded Application Real-Time executor), originally from JET. Based on the success of DCS and MARTe, ITER has chosen to develop a framework architecture for its Plasma Control System which will adopt major design concepts from both the existing frameworks. This paper describes a coupling of the two existing frameworks, which was undertaken to explore the degree of similarity and compliance between the concepts, and to extend their capabilities. DCS and MARTe operate in parallel with synchronised state machines and a common message logger. Configuration data is exchanged before the real-time phase. During the real-time phase, structured data is exchanged via shared memory and an existing DCS algorithm is replicated within MARTe. The coupling tests the flexibility and identifies the respective strengths of the two frameworks, providing a well-informed basis on which to move forward and design a new ITER real-time framework.

  17. Characterization and development of marolo (Annona crassiflora, Mart.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edson Pablo da Silva

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The objectives of this study was the physical, chemical, and physiological characterization of marolo (Annona crassiflora, Mart. during its development. The fruits were harvested 12 Km off Itumirim, Southern Minas Gerais, Brazil, at 20-d intervals from anthesis to fruit maturity. The first fruits were harvested within 60 days. The total development of the fruit took 140 days starting from anthesis. At 140 days after anthesis, the fruit reached its maximum size, with mass of 1.380g, transverse diameter of 13.0 cm, and longitudinal diameter of 11.5 cm. During its development, the fruit showed increase in mass and in traverse and longitudinal diameters. The changes during maturation and ripening, such as: pH reduction and starch degradation, pectic solubilization, and increase in total sugars, soluble solids (ºB, respiratory rate (CO2, titratable acidity, vitamin C, and β-caroteno were observed from the 120th day of marolo development. A decrease in ability to sequester free radicals was observed up the 120th day, followed by an increase. The volatile compounds identified at the end of the development included the esters group only.

  18. GERMINAÇAO DE SEMENTES DE Combretum leprosum MART.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MAURO VASCONCELOS PACHECO

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Combretum leprosum Mart. is a tree species native of the Caatinga, used in the restoration of degraded areas and in folk medicine. Thus, this research aimed to evaluate the germination and vigor of the seeds subjecting them to different pre-germinative treatments, temperatures and substrates. In the first experi- ment, we tested the pre-germinative treatments: mechanical scarification with sandpaper, chemical scarification with H2SO4 for 1, 5, 10 and 20 minutes, immersion in water at 80 oC and imbibition in distilled water for 24 hours, beyond of the control. In the second experiment, after treatment of imbibition in water for 24 hours, the experimental design was completely randomized in a factorial 5 x 4 (five substrates: into paper, sand, coconut fiber, vermiculite and paper towel organized in the form of rolls; and four temperatures: 25, 30, 35 and 20-30 oC. The following parameters were evalueted: seed moisture content, germination, germination speed index, first germination count and seedling length and dry matter weight. The seeds of Combretum leprosum have not coat dormancy. However, pre-germinative treatments of mechanical scarification with sandpaper and imbibi- tion in water for 24 hours allows better expression of seeds vigor. The paper towel and the temperatures of 25, 30 and 20-30 oC provide adequate conditions for evaluating the germination of Combretum leprosum seeds.

  19. Jacaranda cuspidifolia Mart. (Bignoniaceae) as an antibacterial agent.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arruda, Ana Lúcia A; Vieira, Carla J B; Sousa, Daniella G; Oliveira, Regilene F; Castilho, Rachel O

    2011-12-01

    This study evaluated, in vitro, the antimicrobial activity of the hexane extract (JCHE), methanol extract (JCME), and chloroform fraction (JCCF) of bark from Jacaranda cuspidifolia Mart. (Family Bignoniaceae), a Brazilian medicinal plant, traditionally used as anti-syphilis and anti-gonorrhea treatment. The antimicrobial activity was evaluated using the disc diffusion method followed by the determination of minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values. JCHE was not active against the bacteria evaluated. JCME presented antibacterial activity against Streptococcus pyogenes, Staphylococcus aureus, and Neisseria gonorrhoeae with MIC values of 16.3 mg/mL, 9.1 mg/mL, and 25.2 mg/mL, respectively. JCCF was active against Staphylococcus epidermidis, S. aureus, Proteus mirabilis, Serratia marcescens, S. pyogenes, Enterobacter aerogenes, and N. gonorrhoeae with MIC values of 18.3 mg/mL, 9.3 mg/mL, 6.3 mg/mL, 6.1 mg/mL, 9.2 mg/mL, 6.2 mg/mL, and 25.2 mg/mL, respectively. Phytochemical analysis of JCME and JCCF gave positive results for saponins, coumarins, flavonoids, tannins, quinones, alkaloids, triterpenes, and steroids. Verbascoside was isolated and identified as a major peak in JCME and JCCF high-performance liquid chromatography fingerprints and might contribute to the observed antimicrobial activity.

  20. Rural maternity care: can we learn from Wal-Mart?

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Teijlingen, E R; Pitchforth, E

    2010-03-01

    In many countries rural maternity care is under threat. Consequently rural pregnant women will have to travel further to attend larger maternity units to receive care and deliver their babies. This trend is not dissimilar from the disappearance of other rural services, such as village shops, banks, post offices and bus services. We use a comparative approach to draw an analogy with large-scale supermarkets, such as the Wal-Mart and Tesco and their effect on the viability of smaller rural shops, depersonalisation of service and the wider community. The closure of a community-maternity unit leads to women attending a different type of hospital with a different approach to maternity care. Thus small community-midwifery units are being replaced, not by a very similar unit that happens to be further away, but by a larger obstetric unit that operates on different models, philosophy and notions of risk. Comparative analysis allows a fresh perspective on the provision of rural maternity services. We argue that previous discussions focusing on medicalisation and change in maternity services can be enhanced by drawing on experience in other sectors and taking a wider societal lens. Copyright 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  1. Geochemical Investigation of Clay Minerals in Marte, Borno State, Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. D. Adams

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Clay deposit collected from various locations in Marte (Northern Borno, were studied to determine their physical and chemical characteristics in order to evaluate their suitability for industrial uses. Major and trace element analyses were carried out on clay samples using Inductively Couple Plasma-Optical Emission Spectrometry (ICP-OES and X- Ray Fluorescence (XRF. The result of the chemical analysis of the ten (10 samples collected showed significant amounts of SiO2 and Al2O3. Silica content ranges from 51.48 to 62.44 % while alumina varies from 12.49 to 19.00 %. The calcium oxide ranges from 1.17 to 3.39 %, Na2O ranges from 1.1 to 8.61 %, K2O from 1.54 to 3.66 %, MgO varies from 0.04 to0.14 %, Fe2O3 varies from 0.3 to 2.7 % and MnO ranges from 0.01 to 1.03 %. The result showed that the clays are mainly smectite with quartz and felspar as the main non-clay minerals. Generally, the geochemical results of the samples do not meet the standard for industrial utilization when compared to the Industrial specifications. However, for industrial utilization, some of the clay samples may be used after necessary beneficiations.

  2. Martí y la psicología Martí e a psicologia Marti’s psychological ideas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diego Jorge González Serra

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo del presente trabajo es demostrar que existe un pensamiento psicológico en José Martí. Se señala el criterio martiano de la unidad de observación y reflexión como base de la ciencia, su pensamiento multilateral y sintético, su promoción explícita de la ciencia del espíritu, su concepción sobre la unidad de lo general, lo particular y lo individual en el hombre, sus ideas sobre el pensamiento, la imaginación, la inteligencia, la afectividad, sobre la unidad del conocimiento y el afecto y sobre el espíritu de los pueblos.O objetivo deste trabalho é demonstrar que existe um pensamento psicológico de José Martí. Destacam-se o critério martiano da unidade de observação e reflexão como base da ciência, o seu pensamento multilateral e sintético, sua promoção explícita da ciência do espírito, sua concepção sobre a unidade do geral, o particular e o individual no homem, suas ideias sobre o pensamento, a imaginação, a inteligência, a afetividade, sobre a unidade do conhecimento e do afeto e sobre o espírito dos povos.The aim of the present paper is to bring to light Marti's psychological ideas. The paper discusses Marti's concepts on the science of the spirit. It deals with his beliefs on the unity of observation and thinking as the basis of science; with his multilateral and synthetic thinking; with his ideas regarding the unity of the general, the particular and the individual in man; with his concepts of thinking, imagination and intelligence, moral and motivation; with his beliefs on the unity of cognition and affection, and with his ideas on the spirit of peoples.

  3. The socioeconomic context of the use of Euterpe precatoria Mart. and E. oleracea Mart. in Bolivia and Peru.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paniagua-Zambrana, Narel; Bussmann, Rainer W; Macía, Manuel J

    2017-06-02

    Traditional knowledge (TK) has enabled communities to adapt to changes in life conditions over centuries. However, this local context is being dramatically affected by recent changes through globalization and modernization of societies. In this paper we seek to identify socio-economic factors that are related to the knowledge and use of two palm species in mestizo and indigenous communities in the Amazonian of Peru and Bolivia. Both species are known in the region under the main vernacular name of Asaí, and are source of two highly commercialized resources: palm-hearts and fruits. Euterpe precatoria Mart. is native to the region whereas E. oleracea Mart. is being introduced for the use of both resources. We compare TK about the two Euterpe species in both countries in relation to 14 socioeconomic factors in seven use categories. We performed a Multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) to elucidate the influence of each socioeconomic factor on the overall palm knowledge or on individual use categories. In the two countries, we found that mestizos, speaking only Spanish, and migrants in the same ecoregion, knew more uses in all use categories for E. precatoria than for E. oleracea, even in use categories such as Medicinal and veterinary and Construction, for which indigenous participants had more uses in case of other species. In Peru, the use of E. precatoria was higher among participants with greater wealth, which could be related to the commercial importance that both the fruits and the palm-hearts have had in the markets of the region. In contrast, in Bolivia, although some income generation from Euterpe sp. was observed, the use of E. precatoria was much more homogeneously distributed. The use of E. oleracea in Bolivia is recent, and although its most important uses are related to the consumption of fruits and palm-hearts (Human food), it is now being slowly used for Medicinal and Construction purposes, similar to E. precatoria. The use of each of the species

  4. Annona crassiflora Mart. fruit pulp effects on biochemical parameters and rat colon carcinogenesis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vinícius Paula Venâncio

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available A. crassiflora Mart. a Brazilian savannah fruit, is a source of phytochemical compounds that possess a wide array of biological activities, including free radical scavenging. This native fruit proved to potentialize the mutagenic process in previous in vivo investigations. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of A. crassiflora Mart. pulp intake on colonic cell proliferation and on the development of Aberrant Crypt Foci (ACF in male Wistar rats. The animals were fed with either a commercial diet or a diet supplemented with A. crassiflora Mart. pulp mixed in 1%, 10% or 20% (w/w for 4 weeks or 20 weeks. The carcinogen 1,2-dimethylhydrazine dihydrochloride (4 doses, 40 mg kg-1 each was used to induce colonic ACF. After euthanasia, the blood, liver and colon samples were collected for biochemical determinations, oxidative stress or ACF development analysis, respectively. Immunohistochemical analyses of the colonic mucosa were performed using antibodies against proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA in normal-appearing colonic crypt and β-catenin in ACF. There was no ACF development in the colon from groups treated with A. crassiflora Mart. pulp. Also, the biochemical and oxidative stress analysis, PCNA labeling and ACF development (number, multiplicity or cellular localization of β-catenin were unchanged as a result of marolo pulp intake. Thus, the present results suggest that A. crassiflora Mart. pulp intake did not exert any protective effect in the colon carcinogenesis induced by DMH in rats.

  5. Bedre ældrepleje - ved hjælp af Marte Meo metoden

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Meyer, Helle; Schjoldager, Helle Højbo

    Projektet (forløb efteråret 2008 - foråret 2009) havde til formål at give personalet ved boformer for borgere med demens indsigt i og redskaber til at kommunikere med borgeren på en for begge parter anerkendende måde - ved hjælp af Marte Meo metoden. Det konkluderes at implementering af Marte Meo...... metoden har medført, at personalet har udviklet deres samspil og kommunikation med borgerne på en måde, der synes at fremme borgerens trivsel, værdighed og livsglæde og dermed bidrage til en øget livskvalitet. En række faktorer der henholdsvis fremmer og hæmmer implementeringen af Marte Meo metoden...

  6. José Martí, Viajes y Apreciación del Pueblo Maya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Eduardo Bojórquez Urzaiz

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo expone y examina los cambios de percepción que experimentó José Martí sobre el papel de los pueblos originarios de América, entre 1875 y 1878, años en los que vivió en México y Guatemala, con intensa escala en Yucatán, lugares donde conoció directamente la cultura y el pueblo maya. Martí resume una visión inicial de nuestra América en la figura lítica de Chacmool cuando después de ser expropiada por el gobierno yucateco, el Apóstol cubano la admira en la ciudad de Mérida y expresa que es la síntesis de las culturas americanas. Aspecto poco estudiado en la obra de Martí es este acercamiento etnográfico a la realidad maya de Yucatán y Guatemala.   This paper aims at presenting and examining the change of perception José Martí underwent in relation to the role of the native peoples of America between 1875 and 1878, the years he lived in Mexico and Guatemala, during which he spent a large amount of time in Yucatan, where he was able to get to know the Mayan culture and its people first hand. Martí summarized his initial vision of our America in the lithic figure of Chacmool, which he was able to admire in the city of Merida, after it had been expropriated by the government of Yucatan. The Cuban apostle described this as a synthesis of American cultures. This ethnographic insight into the Mayan reality in Yucatan and Guatemala represents a scarcely explored aspect of Martí's work.

  7. Text data extraction for a prospective, research-focused data mart: implementation and validation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hinchcliff, Monique; Just, Eric; Podlusky, Sofia; Varga, John; Chang, Rowland W; Kibbe, Warren A

    2012-09-13

    Translational research typically requires data abstracted from medical records as well as data collected specifically for research. Unfortunately, many data within electronic health records are represented as text that is not amenable to aggregation for analyses. We present a scalable open source SQL Server Integration Services package, called Regextractor, for including regular expression parsers into a classic extract, transform, and load workflow. We have used Regextractor to abstract discrete data from textual reports from a number of 'machine generated' sources. To validate this package, we created a pulmonary function test data mart and analyzed the quality of the data mart versus manual chart review. Eleven variables from pulmonary function tests performed closest to the initial clinical evaluation date were studied for 100 randomly selected subjects with scleroderma. One research assistant manually reviewed, abstracted, and entered relevant data into a database. Correlation with data obtained from the automated pulmonary function test data mart within the Northwestern Medical Enterprise Data Warehouse was determined. There was a near perfect (99.5%) agreement between results generated from the Regextractor package and those obtained via manual chart abstraction. The pulmonary function test data mart has been used subsequently to monitor disease progression of patients in the Northwestern Scleroderma Registry. In addition to the pulmonary function test example presented in this manuscript, the Regextractor package has been used to create cardiac catheterization and echocardiography data marts. The Regextractor package was released as open source software in October 2009 and has been downloaded 552 times as of 6/1/2012. Collaboration between clinical researchers and biomedical informatics experts enabled the development and validation of a tool (Regextractor) to parse, abstract and assemble structured data from text data contained in the electronic health

  8. Text data extraction for a prospective, research-focused data mart: implementation and validation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hinchcliff Monique

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Translational research typically requires data abstracted from medical records as well as data collected specifically for research. Unfortunately, many data within electronic health records are represented as text that is not amenable to aggregation for analyses. We present a scalable open source SQL Server Integration Services package, called Regextractor, for including regular expression parsers into a classic extract, transform, and load workflow. We have used Regextractor to abstract discrete data from textual reports from a number of ‘machine generated’ sources. To validate this package, we created a pulmonary function test data mart and analyzed the quality of the data mart versus manual chart review. Methods Eleven variables from pulmonary function tests performed closest to the initial clinical evaluation date were studied for 100 randomly selected subjects with scleroderma. One research assistant manually reviewed, abstracted, and entered relevant data into a database. Correlation with data obtained from the automated pulmonary function test data mart within the Northwestern Medical Enterprise Data Warehouse was determined. Results There was a near perfect (99.5% agreement between results generated from the Regextractor package and those obtained via manual chart abstraction. The pulmonary function test data mart has been used subsequently to monitor disease progression of patients in the Northwestern Scleroderma Registry. In addition to the pulmonary function test example presented in this manuscript, the Regextractor package has been used to create cardiac catheterization and echocardiography data marts. The Regextractor package was released as open source software in October 2009 and has been downloaded 552 times as of 6/1/2012. Conclusions Collaboration between clinical researchers and biomedical informatics experts enabled the development and validation of a tool (Regextractor to parse, abstract and assemble

  9. Estimation of aerial biomass of Lychnophora ericoides (Mart.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brunno Santana de Andrade

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available For sustainable use of native plant species, knowledge of the amount of harvestable biomass is necessary. This study presents data on allometric relationships of Lychnophora ericoides Mart. (Asteraceae, an extractive resource in the Cerrado region of Brazil. On the Fazenda Água Limpa (15º 45'S, 47º 57'W of the Universidade de Brasilia, 38 individuals of this species were measured in the field, the parts above ground were harvested, separated into components and oven dried. The best regression equations to estimate biomass were geometric and the best fit was between total height and total biomass (r² = 0.923. The economically useful portions, the leaves and branches accounted for approximately 20% of total above ground dry weight, but when used as the dependent variable, the strength of the relationship decreased (r² = 0.694. The relationship between branch diameter and leaf biomass was similar to that between height and leaf dry weight (r² = 0.600. The relation between the number of leaves and their biomass was linear but weak. The development of these equations is the first step towards the implementation of plans for sustainable use of this species.Para o uso sustentável das espécies vegetais nativas o conhecimento da quantidade de biomassa disponível é necessário. O objetivo deste estudo foi verificar as relações alométricas para Lychnophora ericoides Mart., um recurso extrativista importante na região dos Cerrados. Na Fazenda Água Limpa da Universidade de Brasília, 38 indivíduos desta espécie foram medidas no campo, a parte aérea foi cortada, separada em componentes de folhas, galhos e tronco e estas componentes foram secas e pesadas. As melhores equações de regressão para estimar a biomassa foram geométricas e o melhor ajuste foi entre altura total e biomassa total (r² = 0,923. As partes economicamente exploradas, as folhas e ramos, contribuíram com aproximadamente 20% do peso seco total desta espécie, mas a equa

  10. Uus pianistide põlvkond : seitsmes Eesti pianistide konkurss / Arbo Valdma, Lauri Väinmaa, Toomas Vana, Age Juurikas...[jt.] ; küsitlenud Nele-Eva Steinfeld

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Intervjuu noorte pianistide konkursi žürii liikmete Arbo Valdma, Lauri Väinmaa, Toomas Vana, Age Juurikase ja Leelo Kõlariga Eesti Muusika- ja Teatriakadeemia ning Eesti Klaveriõpetajate Ühingu korraldatud VII Eesti pianistide konkursist. Konkursi võitjaks tuli Eesti Muusika- ja Teatriakadeemia üliõpilane Maksim Štšura. Auhinnalistele kohtadele tulid veel Ruslan Strogij, Margus Riimaa, Andre Hinn, Jaan Ots, Johan Randvere ja Aleksandra Kamenskaja

  11. Arvustus : Lauri Mälksoo. Illegal Annexation and State Continuity : The Case of the Incorporation of the Baltic States by the USSR. Study of the Tension between Normativity and Power in International Law. London, Boston : Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Riismandel, Väino, 1920-2017

    2005-01-01

    V. J. Riismandeli ülevaade Tartu Ülikooli õigusteaduskonna rahvusvahelise õiguse dotsendi Lauri Mälksoo tööst, mida viimane kaitses väitekirjana doctor iuris'e kraadi saamiseks Berliini Humboldti ülikoolis. Väino J. Riismandel Mag. iur. (Tartu Ülikool); M.C.L., LL.M. (George Washington Law School) District of Columbia advokatuuri liige, USA endine föderaalhalduskohtu kohtunik ja endine mereväeminsteeriumi juriskonsult

  12. Lutero y el luteranismo: El buzón postal Martín Lutero

    OpenAIRE

    Marco Ornelas

    2014-01-01

    Este artículo explora la idea de que la comunicación social opera de manera acoplada con las conciencias de los seres humanos – pero no es generada por ellas – , y utiliza como ejemplo al reformador alemán Martín Lutero. El traslape de operaciones de la conciencia y de operaciones comunicativas – interpenetración – se hace posible por la distinción persona/actor, que se actualiza en la comunicación mediante esquemas (el esquema per sona y el esquema actor), el llamado buzón postal Martín Lute...

  13. First experimental results and simulation for gas optimisation of the MART-LIME detector

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bazzano, A.; Brunetti, M.T.; Cocchi, M.; Hall, C.J.; Lewis, R.A.; Natalucci, L.; Ortuno-Prados, F.; Ubertini, P.

    1996-01-01

    A large area high pressure multi-wire proportional counter (MWPC), with both spatial and spectroscopic capabilities, is being jointly developed by the Istituto di Astrofisica Spaziale (IAS), CNR, Frascati, Italy and the Daresbury Laboratory (DL), Warrington, UK as part of the MART-LIME telescope. Recent test results (October-December 1995) carried out at the DL facilities are presented. A brief study, by means of a simulation program, on the possible gas mixtures to be employed in the MART-LIME detector is also reported. The results of the simulation are compared with the experimental data obtained from the tests. (orig.)

  14. A Marte a través del cine. Ficción y realidad

    OpenAIRE

    Fernández-Alonso, M. Carmen; Platón, María

    2016-01-01

    Cartel anunciador de la charla; Presentación del ciclo de charlas “Jam Science-Divulgación Científica” celebradas en el Moe Club (Alberto Alcocer, 32, Madrid) el penúltimo martes de cada mes de 20.00 a 22.00h, desde enero de 2015. Ponente:Dr. Jesús Martínez Frías-Instituto de Geociencias IGEO (CSIC-UCM).Grabación y edición de los vídeos: DC SciComm

  15. HMB-45, S-100, NK1/C3, and MART-1 in metastatic melanoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zubovits, Judit; Buzney, Elizabeth; Yu, Lawrence; Duncan, Lyn M

    2004-02-01

    The diagnosis of melanoma metastatic to lymph node remains a difficult problem given its histological diversity. We examined the staining patterns of S-100, NK1/C3, HMB-45, and MART-1 (DC10) in melanoma metastases to lymph nodes. Immunohistochemical stains were performed on tissue sections of 126 formalin-fixed lymph nodes from 126 patients with an established diagnosis of metastatic melanoma. A total of 98% of cases (123 of 126) stained positive for S-100, 93% (117 of 125) stained positive for NK1/C3, 82% (103 of 126) stained positive for MART-1, and 76% (95 of 125) stained positive for HMB-45. The distribution and intensity of staining varied among these markers. A diffuse staining pattern, defined as >50% of tumor cells stained, was observed in 83% of MART-1-positive cases but in only 56% of S-100-positive cases, 48% of NK1/C3-positive cases, and 34% of HMB-45-positive cases. A maximally intense signal was almost always observed for MART-1 (83% of positive cases) but was rarely observed for NK1/C3 (20%). S-100 and HMB-45 showed maximally intense staining in 50% and 54% of cases, respectively. S-100 and NK1/C3 stained both histiocytes and melanocytes, whereas MART-1 and HMB-45 stained only melanocytes. Seventy-eight cases (63%) stained positive for all 4 markers, 17 cases (14%) stained for all markers except HMB-45, 13 cases (10%) stained for all markers except MART-1, 6 cases (5%) stained only with S-100 and NK1/C3, 4 cases (3%) stained only with S-100 and HMB-45, and 2 cases stained for all markers except S-100. One case each stained for the following: only S-100, only S-100 and HMB-45, and all markers except NK1/C3. One case exhibited absence of staining for any of these markers. We demonstrate that lymph node metastases of melanoma are heterogeneous with regard to tumor marker expression. S-100 and NK1/C3 were the most sensitive stains for detecting metastatic melanoma; however, they both also stain other nontumor cells in lymph nodes. MART-1 did not stain

  16. From Sarmiento to Martí and Hostos: Extricating the Nation from Coloniality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Ward

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available The present article examines constructions of  race, nation and mestizaje in work of Domingo  Faustino Sarmiento, José Martí and Eugenio  Maria de Hostos. The first championed the prevailing nineteenth-century view that humanity  was being debilitated by a constant battle between  civilization and barbarism while the two Antilleans questioned it in their search for a society  liberated from coloniality. Martí denied the notion  of privilege based on Europeanness, proclaiming  that whites, blacks, indigenous and mixed-race  peoples could all claim equal rights under natural  law. Hostos agreed with Martí but took his recommendation one step further by proposing race  mixing, with all ethnic groups equally forming a  new society. Therefore Martí’s negation of racial  differences becomes with Hostos a quest for a  society that would eventually become homogeneous through miscegenation. The study concludes  that there is a timelessness inherent to Martí and  Hostos’s work that still speaks to us today in the  midst of a new awareness of ethnicity’s impact on  society. Resumen:De Sarmiento a Martí y Hostos: Rescatando al país de la colonialidadEl presente artículo examina las construcciones de  raza, nación y mestizaje en las obras de Domingo  Faustino Sarmiento, José Martí y Eugenio María de  Hostos. El primero defendía la construcción deci monónica de que la humanidad había sido debilitada por una constante batalla entre civilización y  barbarie mientras los dos antillanos la cuestionaban  en su búsqueda de una sociedad libre de la colonialidad. Martí niega la noción de privilegio basado en  lo europeo y proclama que los blancos, negros,  indígenas y personas de raza mezclada podrían  reclamar la igualdad de derechos bajo leyes naturales. Hostos estuvo de acuerdo con Martí pero llevó  su recomendación un paso más allá, proponiendo  que la mezcla de razas, con todos los grupos

  17. Hebrew Hermeneutics and Inquisitorial Persecution: The Case of The Hebraist from Salamanca Martín Martínez de Cantalapiedra (XVIth Century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Muñoz Solla

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available

    Halfway through the 16th century in Spain the reading and interpretation of the Bible based on its original languages involved a very real danger for humanists who were seeking a better understanding of the Scriptures. The exclusive authority of the Latin Vulgate version declared by the Council of Trent in 1546 hindered the intellectual work of many Biblicists and Theologians, who were subjected to tight ideological control. In this context it must be considered the case of the Hebraist and scholar from the University of Salamanca, Martín Martínez de Cantalapiedra (1518-1579, who was prosecuted by the Inquisition of Valladolid in 1572 along with his colleagues Fray Luis de León and Gaspar de Grajal. All of them were accused of deviating from the genuine sense of the Vulgate in their more literal interpretations of the Masoretic text. The purpose of this article is to provide new evidence for the intellectual biography of Master Martínez de Cantalapiedra as well a to analyze the hermeneutical principles exposed during his inquisitorial in which he defended the Hebrew knowledge as an essential means of interpreting the Old Testament.

  18. Evaluating performance of MARTe as a real-time framework for feed-back control system at tokamak device

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yun, Sangwon; Lee, Woongryol; Lee, Taegu; Park, Mikyung; Lee, Sangil [National Fusion Research Institute (NFRI), Gwahangno 169-148, Yuseong-Gu, Daejeon 305-806 (Korea, Republic of); Neto, André C. [Associação EURATOM/IST, Instituto de Plasmas e Fusão Nuclear, Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade Técnica de Lisboa, P-1049-001 Lisboa (Portugal); Wallander, Anders [ITER Organization, Route de Vinon sur Verdon, 13115 St Paul Lez Durance (France); Kim, Young-Kuk, E-mail: ykim@cnu.ac.kr [Chungnam National University, Daejeon 305-764 (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-10-15

    Highlights: •We measured the performance of MARTe by measuring response time and jitter. •We compared the performance of application with and without MARTe. •We compared the performance of MARTe application on different O/Ss. -- Abstract: The Korea Super conducting Tokamak Advanced Research (KSTAR) is performing the task of “Demonstration and Evaluation of ITER CODAC Technologies at KSTAR” whose objective is the evaluation of real-time technologies for decision making on real-time operating systems (RTOS), real-time frameworks and 10 GbE networks. In this task, the Multi-threaded Application Real-Time executor (MARTe) has been evaluated as a real-time framework for real-time feedback control system. The performance of MARTe has been verified by measuring response time and jitter in a path of feedback control from an analog input of a monitoring system to an analog output of an actuator system. In addition, the evaluation has been performed in terms of applicability of MARTe and its performance depending on types of operating system and tuning of CPU affinity and priority. This paper describes the overview of MARTe as a real-time framework, the results of evaluation performance and its implementation.

  19. Evaluating performance of MARTe as a real-time framework for feed-back control system at tokamak device

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yun, Sangwon; Lee, Woongryol; Lee, Taegu; Park, Mikyung; Lee, Sangil; Neto, André C.; Wallander, Anders; Kim, Young-Kuk

    2013-01-01

    Highlights: •We measured the performance of MARTe by measuring response time and jitter. •We compared the performance of application with and without MARTe. •We compared the performance of MARTe application on different O/Ss. -- Abstract: The Korea Super conducting Tokamak Advanced Research (KSTAR) is performing the task of “Demonstration and Evaluation of ITER CODAC Technologies at KSTAR” whose objective is the evaluation of real-time technologies for decision making on real-time operating systems (RTOS), real-time frameworks and 10 GbE networks. In this task, the Multi-threaded Application Real-Time executor (MARTe) has been evaluated as a real-time framework for real-time feedback control system. The performance of MARTe has been verified by measuring response time and jitter in a path of feedback control from an analog input of a monitoring system to an analog output of an actuator system. In addition, the evaluation has been performed in terms of applicability of MARTe and its performance depending on types of operating system and tuning of CPU affinity and priority. This paper describes the overview of MARTe as a real-time framework, the results of evaluation performance and its implementation

  20. Performance Comparison of EPICS IOC and MARTe in a Hard Real-Time Control Application

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barbalace, Antonio; Manduchi, Gabriele; Neto, A.; De Tommasi, G.; Sartori, F.; Valcarcel, D. F.

    2011-12-01

    EPICS is used worldwide mostly for controlling accelerators and large experimental physics facilities. Although EPICS is well fit for the design and development of automation systems, which are typically VME or PLC-based systems, and for soft real-time systems, it may present several drawbacks when used to develop hard real-time systems/applications especially when general purpose operating systems as plain Linux are chosen. This is in particular true in fusion research devices typically employing several hard real-time systems, such as the magnetic control systems, that may require strict determinism, and high performance in terms of jitter and latency. Serious deterioration of important plasma parameters may happen otherwise, possibly leading to an abrupt termination of the plasma discharge. The MARTe framework has been recently developed to fulfill the demanding requirements for such real-time systems that are alike to run on general purpose operating systems, possibly integrated with the low-latency real-time preemption patches. MARTe has been adopted to develop a number of real-time systems in different Tokamaks. In this paper, we first summarize differences and similarities between EPICS IOC and MARTe. Then we report on a set of performance measurements executed on an x86 64 bit multicore machine running Linux with an IO control algorithm implemented in an EPICS IOC and in MARTe.

  1. Genetic diversity and conservation of Picea chihuahuana Martínez ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SAM

    2014-07-09

    Jul 9, 2014 ... individuals within a population and among populations within a species. Hence ... risks related to loss of species, populations and genetic resources; c) ... this spruce and two other congeners, Picea mexicana. Martínez and Picea .... high levels of self-fertilization and mating between closely related ...

  2. Canine Distemper in an isolated population of fishers (Martes pennanti) from California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stefan m. Keller; Mourad Gabriel; Karen A. Terio; Edward J. Dubovi; Elizabeth Van Wormer; Rick Sweitzer; Reginald Barret; Craig Thompson; Kathryn Purcell; Linda Munson

    2012-01-01

    Four fishers (Martes pennanti) from an insular population in the southern Sierra Nevada Mountains, California, USA died as a consequence of an infection with canine distemper virus (CDV) in 2009. Three fishers were found in close temporal and spatial relationship; the fourth fisher died 4 mo later at a 70 km distance from the initial group. Gross...

  3. Homme algab valge olümpia / Mart Siimann, Paavo Kivine ; interv. Sulev Valner

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Siimann, Mart, 1946-

    2002-01-01

    Salt Lake City olümpiamängude eelõhtul olid Maalehe vestlusringis spordist, olümpiast ja ausast mängust mõtteid avaldamas publitsist Paavo Kivine ja Eesti Olümpiakomitee president, parlamendisaadik Mart Siimann

  4. Mart Siimann asus tööle presidendi sisenõunikuna

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    Ilmunud ka Sakala (2003/Sep/30) lk. 7 ;Virumaa Teataja (2003/Sep/30) lk. 1. Eesti Olümpiakomitee president ja endine peaminister Mart Siimann asus veerandi kohaga tööle presidendi sisenõunikuna. Senine sisenõunik Jüri Kaljuvee asus julgeolekunõuniku kohale

  5. The wood quality of Pinus chiapensis (Mart.) Andresen grown in the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The wood quality of Pinus chiapensis (Mart.) Andresen grown in the Mpumalanga forest region: scientific paper. ... When present, the amounts of included resin, pieces of bark and other debris at the occluded pruning cuts, were small and of little practical significance. The wood machined without any difficulty in the wet and ...

  6. Ilu võitlus koleduse välja vastu / Rebekka Lotman ; kommenteerinud Mart Anderson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lotman, Rebekka, 1978-

    2009-01-01

    Konkursside "25 kauneimat Eesti raamatut" ja "Viis kauneimat Eesti lasteraamatut" võidutööde näitus Eesti Rahvusraamatukogus. Võidutööde valikut kommenteerib žürii esimees Mart Anderson. Loetletud 2008. aasta 25 kaunimat raamatut. Nimekiri: 2008. aasta 25 kauneimat raamatut

  7. Mart ja Mari-Ann Susi taotlevad omanikena Concordia pankrotti / Andri Maimets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Maimets, Andri

    2003-01-01

    Concordia Ülikooli rektori kohast loobunud Mart Susi ning prorektori ametikohalt lahkunud Mari-Ann Susi taotlevad neile kuuluvat ülikooli pidanud miljonivõlgades firma pankrotti. Hiljuti loodi õppejõududest, tudengitest js töötajatest mittetulundusühing Concordia Akadeemiline Ühisus (CAU), selle nõukogu esimees on Hagi Šein

  8. Eesti talendid välismaale / Juko-Mart Kõlar, Tiina Jokinen, Anu Jaanson... [jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    Küsimustele muusikute vahendamisest välismaale vastavad MTÜ Eesti Muusika Ekspordi tegevjuht Juko-Mart Kõlar, Estonian Record Productionsi tegevdirektor Tiina Jokinen, sama firma mänedžer Anu Jaanson ja Pille Lille Muusikute Toetusfondi tegevjuht Leelo Lehtla

  9. Multi scale habitat relationships of Martes americana in northern Idaho, U.S.A.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tzeidle N. Wasserman; Samuel A. Cushman; David O. Wallin; Jim Hayden

    2012-01-01

    We used bivariate scaling and logistic regression to investigate multiple-scale habitat selection by American marten (Martes americana). Bivariate scaling reveals dramatic differences in the apparent nature and strength of relationships between marten occupancy and a number of habitat variables across a range of spatial scales. These differences include reversals in...

  10. The BioMart community portal: an innovative alternative to large, centralized data repositories

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smedley, Damian; Haider, Syed; Durinck, Steffen; Pandini, Luca; Provero, Paolo; Allen, James; Arnaiz, Olivier; Awedh, Mohammad Hamza; Baldock, Richard; Barbiera, Giulia; Bardou, Philippe; Beck, Tim; Blake, Andrew; Bonierbale, Merideth; Brookes, Anthony J.; Bucci, Gabriele; Buetti, Iwan; Burge, Sarah; Cabau, Cédric; Carlson, Joseph W.; Chelala, Claude; Chrysostomou, Charalambos; Cittaro, Davide; Collin, Olivier; Cordova, Raul; Cutts, Rosalind J.; Dassi, Erik; Genova, Alex Di; Djari, Anis; Esposito, Anthony; Estrella, Heather; Eyras, Eduardo; Fernandez-Banet, Julio; Forbes, Simon; Free, Robert C.; Fujisawa, Takatomo; Gadaleta, Emanuela; Garcia-Manteiga, Jose M.; Goodstein, David; Gray, Kristian; Guerra-Assunção, José Afonso; Haggarty, Bernard; Han, Dong-Jin; Han, Byung Woo; Harris, Todd; Harshbarger, Jayson; Hastings, Robert K.; Hayes, Richard D.; Hoede, Claire; Hu, Shen; Hu, Zhi-Liang; Hutchins, Lucie; Kan, Zhengyan; Kawaji, Hideya; Keliet, Aminah; Kerhornou, Arnaud; Kim, Sunghoon; Kinsella, Rhoda; Klopp, Christophe; Kong, Lei; Lawson, Daniel; Lazarevic, Dejan; Lee, Ji-Hyun; Letellier, Thomas; Li, Chuan-Yun; Lio, Pietro; Liu, Chu-Jun; Luo, Jie; Maass, Alejandro; Mariette, Jerome; Maurel, Thomas; Merella, Stefania; Mohamed, Azza Mostafa; Moreews, Francois; Nabihoudine, Ibounyamine; Ndegwa, Nelson; Noirot, Céline; Perez-Llamas, Cristian; Primig, Michael; Quattrone, Alessandro; Quesneville, Hadi; Rambaldi, Davide; Reecy, James; Riba, Michela; Rosanoff, Steven; Saddiq, Amna Ali; Salas, Elisa; Sallou, Olivier; Shepherd, Rebecca; Simon, Reinhard; Sperling, Linda; Spooner, William; Staines, Daniel M.; Steinbach, Delphine; Stone, Kevin; Stupka, Elia; Teague, Jon W.; Dayem Ullah, Abu Z.; Wang, Jun; Ware, Doreen; Wong-Erasmus, Marie; Youens-Clark, Ken; Zadissa, Amonida; Zhang, Shi-Jian; Kasprzyk, Arek

    2015-01-01

    The BioMart Community Portal (www.biomart.org) is a community-driven effort to provide a unified interface to biomedical databases that are distributed worldwide. The portal provides access to numerous database projects supported by 30 scientific organizations. It includes over 800 different biological datasets spanning genomics, proteomics, model organisms, cancer data, ontology information and more. All resources available through the portal are independently administered and funded by their host organizations. The BioMart data federation technology provides a unified interface to all the available data. The latest version of the portal comes with many new databases that have been created by our ever-growing community. It also comes with better support and extensibility for data analysis and visualization tools. A new addition to our toolbox, the enrichment analysis tool is now accessible through graphical and web service interface. The BioMart community portal averages over one million requests per day. Building on this level of service and the wealth of information that has become available, the BioMart Community Portal has introduced a new, more scalable and cheaper alternative to the large data stores maintained by specialized organizations. PMID:25897122

  11. Raadioteatril elu sees. Elu sees? / Mart Aas, Tõnis Leemets ; interv. Kutt Kommel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aas, Mart

    2007-01-01

    Eesti Raadio raadioteatri 78. sünnipäeval esietendus Vikerraadios dokumentaalkuuldemäng "Elu sees" Aleksander Alleni (hilisema nimega Aleksander Aas) mälestuste põhjal. Theatrumi lavastuse on raadiole seadnud Mart Aas, Marius Peterson, Toomas Lõhmuste ja Tõnis Leemets

  12. When reintroductions are augmentations: the genetic legacy of the fisher (Martes pennanti) in Montana

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ray S. Vinkey; Michael K. Schwartz; Kevin S. McKelvey; Kerry R. Foresman; Kristine L. Pilgrim; Brian J. Giddings; Eric C. Lofroth

    2006-01-01

    Fishers (Martes pennanti) were purportedly extirpated from Montana by 1930 and extant populations are assumed to be descended from translocated fishers. To determine the lineage of fisher populations, we sequenced 2 regions of the mitochondrial DNA genome from 207 tissue samples from British Columbia, Minnesota, Wisconsin, and Montana. In...

  13. Polyphenolic composition and antioxidant activity of açai (Euterpe oleracea Mart.) from Colombia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Garzón, G.A.; Narváez-Cuenca, Carlos Eduardo; Vincken, Jean Paul; Gruppen, Harry

    2017-01-01

    Berries of Colombian Euterpe oleracea Mart. were analyzed for total phenolic content (TPC), anthocyanin (ACN) content, and antioxidant activity. Additionally, reversed-phase ultra-high performance liquid chromatography with photodiode array detection (RP-UHPLC-PDA) and heated electrospray

  14. Genetic diversity and conservation of Picea chihuahuana Martínez ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The conservation of genetic diversity in tree populations is an essential component of sustainable forest management. Picea chihuahuana Martínez is an endemic conifer species in Mexico and is considered to be endangered. P. chihuahuana covers a total area of no more than 300 ha at the Sierra Madre Occidental, ...

  15. Farvekombinatorik, bidrag til 'digital practice', FoU-udstilling v. institut 4, kunstakademiets arkitektskole, marts 2008

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møldrup, Per

    2008-01-01

    På KA-udstillingen 'Digital Practice', marts 2008, vistes fra projektet 'farvekombinatorik' nærværende planche med illustrationer til de to beskrivelsesmodeller, der er et delprodukt af projektet: 'Model 48', der  karakteriserer farve i seks valør- og otte kulør-typer, altså i 48 kategorier, hvis...

  16. Valmib valus lavalugu perest : Athenas jõuab vaatajate ette Mart Kivastiku suhtedraama / Raimu Hanson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hanson, Raimu, 1957-

    2008-01-01

    SA Eesti Teatri Festival esietendab 4. mail Athena keskuses Margus Kasterpalu lavastuses Mart Kivastiku näidendit "Meie isa, kes sa oled ..." Mängivad Vanemuise näitlejad Marika Aidla, Hannes Kaljujärv, Tanel Jonas ning Leino Rei

  17. Numerical Simulations to Assess ART and MART Performance for Ionospheric Tomography of Chapman Profiles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prol, Fabricio S; Camargo, Paulo O; Muella, Marcio T A H

    2017-01-01

    The incomplete geometrical coverage of the Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) makes the ionospheric tomographic system an ill-conditioned problem for ionospheric imaging. In order to detect the principal limitations of the ill-conditioned tomographic solutions, numerical simulations of the ionosphere are under constant investigation. In this paper, we show an investigation of the accuracy of Algebraic Reconstruction Technique (ART) and Multiplicative ART (MART) for performing tomographic reconstruction of Chapman profiles using a simulated optimum scenario of GNSS signals tracked by ground-based receivers. Chapman functions were used to represent the ionospheric morphology and a set of analyses was conducted to assess ART and MART performance for estimating the Total Electron Content (TEC) and parameters that describes the Chapman function. The results showed that MART performed better in the reconstruction of the electron density peak and ART gave a better representation for estimating TEC and the shape of the ionosphere. Since we used an optimum scenario of the GNSS signals, the analyses indicate the intrinsic problems that may occur with ART and MART to recover valuable information for many applications of Telecommunication, Spatial Geodesy and Space Weather.

  18. COMPLEX HOST-PARASITE SYSTEMS IN MARTES: IMPLICATIONS FOR CONSERVATION BIOLOGY OF ENDEMIC FAUNAS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Complex assemblages of hosts and parasites reveal insights about biogeography and ecology and inform us about processes which serve to structure faunal diversity and the biosphere in space and time. Exploring aspects of parasite diversity among martens (species of Martes) and other mustelids reveal...

  19. Case note: ECtHR (17966/10: Manzanas Martín v. Spain)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ramos Martin, N.

    2012-01-01

    De klager, Manzanas Martín, was van 1 november 1952 tot en met 30 juni 1991 werkzaam als priester bij de Spaanse evangelische kerk. Hoewel hij gedurende deze periode loon ontving van de kerk, betaalde de laatste geen sociale verzekeringspremies met betrekking tot zijn aanstelling. Na zijn

  20. Is Maxima a Wal-Mart in sheep's clothing? / Todd Graham

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Graham, Todd

    2007-01-01

    Nii USA-s kui Leedus tegutsev teadlane Randy Richards uuris Ida-Euroopas jõudsalt laienenud kaubaketi Maxima ja USA Wal-Mart-i turu hõivamise, -positsiooni ja -strateegiate sarnasusi ja erinevusi. Vt. samas: Baltic retail continues to thrive. Kaubanduskeskuste ehitusbuum Eestis, Lätis ja Leedus

  1. The BioMart community portal: an innovative alternative to large, centralized data repositories

    Science.gov (United States)

    The BioMart Community Portal (www.biomart.org) is a community-driven effort to provide a unified interface to biomedical databases that are distributed worldwide. The portal provides access to numerous database projects supported by 30 scientific organizations. It includes over 800 different biologi...

  2. Pop / Lauri Tikerpe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tikerpe, Lauri

    2008-01-01

    Heliplaatidest: Pastacas "Snatsit Some Si-Si", Metro Luminal "Sassis", Nitrous "Outlaw Racer", The Sun "Unisex", Laur ja Sadam "Kirjad maale", Pilvikud "Päikesepatarei", Katrin Mandel "Peegeldus", Kukerpillid & Metsatöll "Suured koerad, väiksed koerad", Ultramelanhool "Materjal"

  3. Pop / Lauri Tikerpe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tikerpe, Lauri

    2006-01-01

    Heliplaatidest: Hot Chip "The Warning", Ronan Keating "Bring You Home", Wizzards "Hidden City of Taurmond", Bubba Sparxxx "The Charm", Herbert "Scale", DJ Olive "Sleep", Scritti Politti "White Bread, Black Beer", Dirty Pretty Things "Waterloo To Anywhere"

  4. Pop / Lauri Tikerpe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tikerpe, Lauri

    2006-01-01

    Heliplaatidest: TM Juke "Forward", Miljoonasade "Kasvukipuja 20 vuotta", JJ Cale & Eric Clapton "The Road to Escondido", Xiu Xiu "The Air Force", Leo Abrahams "Scene Memory", Michael Brook "RockPaperScissors", PJ Harvey "The Peel Sessions 1991-2004"

  5. Pop & rock / Lauri Sommer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sommer, Lauri, 1973-

    2001-01-01

    Heliplaatide Catatonia "Paper Scissors Stone", Khan "No Comprendo", Carlos Santana "Divine Light. Reconstrction & Mix: Bill Laswell", Carlos, Blink 182 "Take Off Your Jacket & Pants", Emmi "Solitary Movements", Neu "Neu!", "No Hidden Catch. Eesti Depeche Mode tribuut" tutvustused

  6. Pop / Lauri Tikerpe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tikerpe, Lauri

    2008-01-01

    Heliplaatidest: Damian Jr. Gong Marley "Mr. Marley", Sebastian Bach "Angel Down", Stereophonics "Pull The Pin", Dahling "Dahling", Led Zeppelin "Mothership", Jack Penate "Matinee", Bugge Wesseltoft "Im", David Gray "Greatest Hits"

  7. Pop / Lauri Tikerpe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tikerpe, Lauri

    2005-01-01

    Heliplaatidest: Little Brother "The Minstrel Show", Jackson and his Computer Band "Smash", Matthew Herbert "Plat du Jour", Porn Sword Tobacco "Explains Freedom", Jamiroquai "Dynamite", Ryan Adams and the Cardinals "Jacksonville City Nights", The Dandy Warhols "Odditorium", Neil Young "Prairie Wind"

  8. Pop / Lauri Tikerpe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tikerpe, Lauri

    2007-01-01

    Heliplaatidest: Me&you "Floating Heavy", Erinevad esitajad "A Tribute to Sick of It All - Our Impact Will Be Felt"Redman "Red Gone Wild: The Album", Ash "Twillight Of The Innocents", VNV Nation "Judgement", The Enemy "We'll Live and Die in These Towns", Ghosts "The World Is Outside"

  9. Pop / Lauri Tikerpe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tikerpe, Lauri

    2006-01-01

    Heliplaatidest: Amp Fiddler "Afro Strut", Various "The World Is Gone", Guillemots "Through The Windowpane", Geltic Frost "Monotheist", Joan As Police Woman "Real Life", Slayer "Christ Illusion", Apocalyptica "Amplified//A Decade of Reinventing the Cello", Erinevad esitajad "Delicious Cafe Moskva - mixed by Dave Storm", Honey Power "Macrosilly"

  10. Uusi raamatuid / Lauri Eesmaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Eesmaa, Lauri

    2011-01-01

    Tutvustus: Dante Alighieri. Jumalik komöödia : Põrgu. Tallinn : Eesti Keele Sihtasutus, 2011. Perec, Georges. Ruumiliigid. Tallinn : Kultuurileht, 2011. Kadare, Ismail. Kuri aasta / albaania keelest tõlkinud Kalle Kasemaa. Tallinn : Kultuurileht, 2011 (Loomingu Raamatukogu ; 17-18/2011)

  11. Plaadid / Lauri Sommer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sommer, Lauri, 1973-

    2002-01-01

    Uutest plaatidest Aswad "Cool Summer Raggae", Scarface "The Fix", Jose Padilla "El Sue̜o de Ibiza", Sparta "Wiretap Scars", Filter "Amalgamut", Simon & Garfunkel "Live From New York City 1967", "Party At The Palace", Bill Frisell "The Willies"

  12. Pop / Lauri Tikerpe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tikerpe, Lauri

    2006-01-01

    Heliplaatidest: Stereotyp "Keepin' Me", Bent "Intercept!", The Mars Volta "Amputechture", X-press 2 "Makeshift Feelgood", Kosmikud "Pulmad ja matused", Beck "The Information", Ursula "Armastan end aeglaselt", Envy "Insomniac Doze", Joe Colley & Jason Lescalleet "Annihilate This Week"

  13. Uusi raamatuid / Lauri Eesmaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Eesmaa, Lauri

    2011-01-01

    Tutvustus: Miłosz, Czesław. Miłoszi ABC / tõlkinud Hendrik Lindepuu. Tartu : H. Lindepuu, 2011. Tasuja, Triin. Armastust on ja armastust pole. Pärnu : Jumalikud Ilmutused, 2011. Mikita, Valdur. Teoreem. Tartu : HM, 2011

  14. Plaadid / Lauri Sommer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sommer, Lauri, 1973-

    2002-01-01

    Uutest plaatidest Dashboard Confessional "The Places You Have Come...", "The Music", Guy Klucevsek "The Heart Of The Andes", Kiss "The Very Best Of...", Lee Ann Womack "Something Worth Leaving Behind", Los Lobos "Good Morning Aztlan", Lepo Sumera "Kammermusik", "Estraadiklassika"

  15. Pop / Lauri Tikerpe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tikerpe, Lauri

    2006-01-01

    Heliplaatidest: The Kooks "Inside In/Inside Out", Neil Diamond "12 Songs", Layo & Bushwacka "Feels Closer", Roots Manuva "Alternately Deep", The Streets "The Hardest Way To Make An Easy Living", Paul Simon "Surprise", Dead Next Door "Time to Fight", Ketaspidur "Mis Mõttes?"

  16. Pop / Lauri Tikerpe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tikerpe, Lauri

    2007-01-01

    Heliplaatidest: Faithless "To All New Arrivals", Rammstein "Völkerball", Erinevad esitajad "Eminem Presents: The Re-Up", R.E.M. "And I Feel Fine... - The Best Of The I.R.S. Years 1982-1987", I Am Kloot "BBC Radio 1 Peel Sessions", Oasis "Stop the Clocks", Darkel "Darkel"

  17. Plaadid / Lauri Sommer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sommer, Lauri, 1973-

    2002-01-01

    Uutest plaatidest Shannon Lawson "Chase The Sun", Queens of the Stone Age "Songs For The Deaf, "Soundtrack. Pulp Fiction", John Adams "Naive and Sentimental Music", paul Weller "Illumination", Avril Lavigne "Let Go", Pasadena "Vastu taevast", nils Landgren "sentimental Journey"

  18. The Siege / Lauri Saaber

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saaber, Lauri

    1999-01-01

    Mängufilm "Sõjaseisukord" ("The Siege") : režissöör Edward Zwick : Ameerika Ühendriigid 1998 : Mängufilm "Sulle on sõnum" ("Youþve Got Mail") : Stsenarist ja režissöör Nora Ephron : Ameerika Ühendriigid 1998

  19. Pop / Lauri Tikerpe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tikerpe, Lauri

    2005-01-01

    Heliplaatidest: Tahiti 80 "Fosbury", Shelton San "EP", Foo Fighters "In Your Honor", Yourcodenameis: Milo "Ignoto", Ol' Dirty Bastard "The Definitive Ol' Dirty Bastard Story", SI-CUT.DB "From Tears: Beach Archive", Ryan Adams & The Cardinals "Cold Roses", Dawn Of Gehenna "The Night Dog Sessions", Zeitkratzer "electroniX"

  20. Plaat / Lauri Sommer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sommer, Lauri, 1973-

    2003-01-01

    Uutest plaatidest Willie Nelson "All The Songs I've Loved Before", Phil Glass "The Hours". Ozzy Osbourne"The Essential", Bill Frisell "Intercontinentals", Simply Red "Home", Eesti Raadio laululapsed "Maasikad"

  1. Stsenaristide maja / Lauri Saaber

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saaber, Lauri

    2000-01-01

    Režissöör Jay Roachì komöödiast "Kuum, kuum Alaska" ("Mystery, Alaska") ja Sydney Pollacki põnevusfilmist Warren Adleri romaani järgi "Pettuse võrgus" ("Random Hearts") : Ameerika Ühendriigid 1999

  2. Pop / Lauri Tikerpe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tikerpe, Lauri

    2007-01-01

    Heliplaatidest: Laurent Garnier, Bugge Wesseltoft, Philippe Nadaud, Benjamin Rippert "Public Out Burst", Enthroned "Tetra Karcist", Bruce Springsteen with the Sessions Band "Live in Dublin", Tuxedomoon "Vapour Trails", Atreyu "Lead Sails Paper Anchor", Still Remains "The Serpent"

  3. Ionizing radiation affects generation of MART-1-specific cytotoxic T cell responses by dendritic cells

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Liao, Y.P.; Wang, C.-C.; McBride, W.H.

    2003-01-01

    Full text: The human MART-1/Melan-A (MART-1) melanoma tumor antigen is known to be recognized by cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) and several groups are using this target for clinical immunotherapy. Most approaches use dendritic cells (DCs) that are potent antigen presentation cells for initiating CTL responses. In order for CTL recognition to occur, DCs must display 9-residue antigenic peptides on MHC class I molecules. These peptides are generated by proteasome degradation and then transported through the endoplasmic reticulum to the cell surface where they stabilize MHC class I expression. Our previous data showed that irradiation inhibits proteasome function and, therefore, we hypothesized that irradiation may inhibit antigen processing and CTL activation, as has been shown for proteasome inhibitors. To study the importance of irradiation effects on DCs, we studied the generation MART-1-specific CTL responses. Preliminary data showed that irradiation of murine bone marrow derived DCs did not affect expression of MHC class I, II, CD80, or CD86, as assessed by flow cytometric analyses 24-hour after irradiation. The effect of irradiation on MART-1 antigen processing by DCs was evaluated using DC transduced with adenovirus MART-1 (AdVMART1). C57BL/6 mice were immunized with AdVMART1 transduced DCs, with and without prior irradiation. IFN-γ production was measured by ELISPOT assays after 10-14 days of immunization. Prior radiation treatment resulted in a significant decrease in MART-1-specific T cell responses. The ability of irradiated and non-irradiated AdVMART1/DC vaccines to protect mice against growth of murine B16 tumors, which endogenously express murine MART-1, was also examined. AdVMART1/DC vaccination protected C57BL/6 mice against challenge with viable B16 melanoma cells while DCs irradiated (10 Gy) prior to AdVMART1 transduction abrogated protection. These results suggest that proteasome inhibition in DCs by irradiation may be a possible pathway in

  4. Etnocentrismo, racismo y miedo: los indígenas y los incultos en Martí

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Camacho

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available In the following article I return to the idea of ethnicity and liberalism in Latin America during the last part of the 19th century. I also discuss Martí’s view of the Indians after 1885, when his chronicles were fueled by the rhetoric of pro-indigenous groups such as the Friends of Indians Association. I propose to look at other ways in which Martí’s ethnocentric view of culture and race intertwined with his agenda of “defending” the Indians, especially in his essay “Nuestra América.” For that purpose I retrace some of my previous arguments and discuss other essays that have recently elaborated on Martí’s “other side”, the one that imposes on the Indians his own liberal agenda, and the vision of modernity that the elites were constructing in Latin America at the end of 19th century. In my previous articles I discussed Martí’s chronicles on the Guatemalan, Mexican and American Indians and here I will focus on the similarities between the positivists in Mexico and Martí’s emphasis on “scientific politics” as well as his fear that those that were at the lowest level of society could one day revolt against the republic and destroy the justice “accumulated in books.” For books symbolized for Martí the “lettered elite”, those that had power and exercised it to their own advantage. He talked about this fear in Mexico, and in his most famous essay he returned to it again with a somewhat different perspective, but still with the conviction that within a democracy everything could be solved and a revolt from the “unlettered” masses was not justified. I argue that even if “Nuestra América” meant a more positive view of the “Indian problem”, Martí still considers the Indians, the “gauchos” and the rest of the “incultos” as a threat. They were the natural ally of the “caudillos” that ruled for so long Latin America, charismatic caudillos such as Juan Manuel de Rosas.

  5. Writing race: patria, mestizaje and racial identity in the works of José Martí

    OpenAIRE

    Miranda Navarro, Oleski Jose

    2016-01-01

    The research herein presents an analysis of the evolution of José Martí’s racial thought throughout his written work. The principle focus of this investigation is to establish a comprehensive understanding of Martí’s racial ideas and to explain how the author developed the anti-racist principles demonstrated in his final years of life. The thesis proposes that José Martí’s ideas regarding race relations were shaped through a gradual process defined by his experiences of exile. ...

  6. QUALIDADE DE FRUTOS PROCESSADOS ARTESANALMENTE DE AÇAÍ (Euterpe oleracea MART. E BACABA (Oenocarpus bacaba MART.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    LEANDRO TIMONI BUCHDID CAMARGO NEVES

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available RESUMO Os frutos do açaizeiro (Euterpe oleracea Mart. e da bacabeira ( MOenocarpus bacabaart, duas palmeiras tropicais nativas e socioeconomicamente importantes para os estados Amazônicos, são utilizados na produção de polpas processadas em sistemas agrofamiliares. Nesse sentido, o presente estudo objetivou a avaliação da qualidade físico-química e funcional de polpas de açaí e bacaba processadas artesanalmente. Os frutos foram coletados em propriedades rurais do município do Cantá/Roraima (bacaba e Boa Vista/ Roraima (açaí. Para a constituição do experimento, as polpas processadas foram armazenadas em pequenas embalagens de politereftalato de etileno (PET transparente e com tampa (mesmo material, com capacidade de 145 mL e refrigeradas a 3 ± 0,2°C e 45% de U.R., durante 5 dias. Foram analisados os seguintes parâmetros: pH, acidez titulável (AT, sólidos solúveis (SS, relação SS/AT, açúcares totais e redutores, pectinas totais e solúveis, teor de antocianinas e fenólicos totais. Ao final, para as polpas de açaí, levando-se em consideração os limites estabelecidos pelo Padrão de Identidade e Qualidade (PIQ, apenas o parâmetro AT apresentou-se fora da instrução normativa. Entretanto, a inexistência de padrões para bacaba inviabilizou tal comparação. Quanto ao teor das pectinas totais, pode-se concluir que ambas as polpas apresentam baixas concentrações desse componente, não sendo indicadas para produção de doces e geleias sem adição de agentes geleificantes. Os teores de compostos fenólicos e de antocianinas, em ambas as polpas, apesar de diminuir com o período de armazenamento refrigerado, apresentam altas concentrações quando em comparação a outros alimentos com apelo funcional.

  7. Mida arvatakse omavalitsustes koolivõrgu optimeerimisest? / Mart Järvik, Maris Liiders, Peeter Aas, Kaarin Veinbergs

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2012-01-01

    Arvamust avaldasid Järvakandi vallavanem, Raplamaa omavalitsuste liidu esimees Mart Järvik, Harju maavalitsuse haridus- ja sotsiaalosakonna juhataja Maris Liiders, Põlva maavalitsuse haridus- ja sotsiaalosakonna juhataja Peeter Aas, Ida-Viru maavalitsuse haridus- ja sotsiaalosakonna juhataja Kaarin Veinbergs

  8. Efeito de diferentes substratos e condições ambientais na germinação de sementes de Euterpe edulis Mart. e Geonoma schottiana Mart Effects of different substrates and environmental conditions upon the germination of seeds of Euterpe edulis Mart, and Geonoma schottiana Mart

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francismar Francisco Alves Aguiar

    1990-01-01

    Full Text Available Duas espécies da família Palmae: Euterpe edulis Mart. (palmiteiro e Geonoma schottiana Mart. (guaricanga, ambas com potencial ornamental e em vias de extinção, estão sendo estudadas no Instituto de Botânica de São Paulo, quanto à germinação de suas sementes. Testes de germinação foram realizados em diferentes condições ambientais (casa de vegetação e laboratório e substratos (terra vegetal, areia, esfagno natural, esfagno seco moído e vermiculita. O efeito dos substratos e dos ambientes na germinação das sementes, foi avaliado através da porcentagem de germinação e velocidade de germinação (V.G.. Considerando-se os resultados obtidos, pode-se concluir que o melhor substrato para germinação de Euterpe edulis Mart. em casa de vegetação foi o esfagno natural. Já em condições controlada (25ºC e fotoperíodo de 12 horas, o melhor substrato para germinação das duas espécies investigadas foi a vermiculita.Two species of the family Palmae: Euterpe edulis Mart, (palmiteiro and Geonoma schottiana Mart, (guaricanga, both potentially ornamental and threatened by extinction, are being studied for seed germination. Tests were undertaken in different environmental conditions (greenhouse and laboratory and substrates (organic soil, sand, green sphagnum moss, dry, ground spahgnum and vermiculite. The effect of environmental conditions and substrates upon the germination of seeds was evaluated by the percentage germination and rate of germination (V.G. percentages. The best substrate for the germination of Euterpe edulis Mart., in greenhouse was green sphagnum moss. Under controlled conditions (25ºC and 12 hours photoperiod, the best substrate for germination of both species investigated was vermiculite.

  9. La Terraformació de Mart: desenvolupament d'un model climàtic latitudinal per estudiar l'ecopoiesi planetària de Mart

    OpenAIRE

    Garcia Solà, Daniel

    2016-01-01

    Les característiques del planeta Mart fan que sigui un dels millors candidats per durhi a terme un procés d’enginyeria planetària conegut com a terraformació amb l’objectiu d’aconseguir una atmosfera habitable i respirable per als éssers humans. La primera etapa de la terraformació, anomenada ecopoiesi, consisteix a aconseguir les condicions climàtiques mínimes favorables per a establir un ecosistema on es puguin introduir microorganismes extremòfils, els quals ajudin a generar...

  10. The education through the ideas of José Martí

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Fernández-Carcassés

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available This article is an approach to the ideas of José Martí about the education, beginning from its function as formative of morals, ethics and esthetics values, and human and latin-american feelings. Also, it studies the popular character of the education like a human right, its scientist style and the urgency to use didactics methods for to stimulate the intelligence of students, without authoritarian and memorizing learning. This article insists in the important relations between the education and the societies and the epoch. The conclusion is: Cuban Revolution defined a strategy of development based in the ideas of José Martí. This strategy includes the education that, by the first time, takes into account the demands of our society.            

  11. La melancolía en Amistad funesta de José Martí

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ainhoa Segura Zariquiegui

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Existe una multitud de formas de acercarnos a la obra literaria de José Martí. En esta ocasión, se va mostrar de qué forma está impregnado el concepto de melancolía en su novela Amistad funesta. El análisis trata de ofrecer una nueva mirada sobre este texto gracias a la aplicación de las herramientas de la literatura comparada. Lucía Jerez se va a casar con su primo John, pero aparece Sol, una joven muy hermosa que hace estallar el conflicto entre los protagonistas. Tras el análisis de la historia de la melancolía en la literatura de Occidente, se comprueba cómo este concepto se mantiene arraigado en el Modernismo y, más concretamente, en esta obra de José Martí.

  12. Dokumentationsprojektet: Kommunernes omstilling til øget inklusion pr. marts 2014

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dyssegaard, Camilla Brørup; Baviskar, Siddhartha; Lausten, Mette

    Denne rapport udgør en redegørelse for status på inklusionsprocessen i tolv danske kommuner pr. marts 2014. Den samlede undersøgelse, der går under navnet "Dokumentationsprojektet", løber i tre år og blev givet til et konsortium bestående af Aarhus Universitet og SFI den 16. januar 2013.......Denne rapport udgør en redegørelse for status på inklusionsprocessen i tolv danske kommuner pr. marts 2014. Den samlede undersøgelse, der går under navnet "Dokumentationsprojektet", løber i tre år og blev givet til et konsortium bestående af Aarhus Universitet og SFI den 16. januar 2013....

  13. BioMart Central Portal: an open database network for the biological community

    OpenAIRE

    Guberman, Jonathan M.; Ai, J.; Arnaiz, O.; Baran, Joachim; Blake, Andrew; Baldock, Richard; Chelala, Claude; Croft, David; Cros, Anthony; Cutts, Rosalind J.; Di Genova, A.; Forbes, Simon; Fujisawa, T.; Gadaleta, E.; Goodstein, D. M.

    2011-01-01

    International audience; BioMart Central Portal is a first of its kind, community-driven effort to provide unified access to dozens of biological databases spanning genomics, proteomics, model organisms, cancer data, ontology information and more. Anybody can contribute an independently maintained resource to the Central Portal, allowing it to be exposed to and shared with the research community, and linking it with the other resources in the portal. Users can take advantage of the common inte...

  14. The export of national varieties of capitalism: the cases of Wal-Mart and Ikea

    OpenAIRE

    Konzelmann, Suzanne J.; Wilkinson, F.; Craypo, C.; Aridi, R.

    2005-01-01

    Using the cases of Wal-Mart and IKEA, this paper takes a productive systems approach to examine ‘varieties of capitalism’ from the perspective of the ways by which production and market relations are structured and prioritised. It considers the nature of these relations and their interaction within the domestic economy and the ways that firms and national systems interact with each other\\ud in the global economy. It examines the processes by which trading standards are transported via supply ...

  15. Kindrali saatus : Lavastus kindral Laidonerist jõuab Ameerika Ühendriikidesse / Mart Laar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laar, Mart

    2008-01-01

    Mart Kivastiku lavastusest "Sõdur" - Johan Laidoneri viimastest aastatest. Etendust mängitakse New Yorgis, Baltimores, Chicagos ja Los Angeleses New Yorgi Eesti Kultuuripäevade 2008 raames. Artikkel sisaldab eluloolisi andmeid Johan Laidonerist, tema naisest Mariast, Konstantin Pätsist ja August Reist ning fakte NSV Liidu ettevalmistustöödest terrori vallandamiseks, rahvusliku eliidi kavakindlaks hävitamiseks juba enne Eesti okupeerimist

  16. José Martí entre los Hilos Ocultos del Reformismo Cubano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Caridad Pacheco González

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo discute hasta qué punto, tras la muerte de Martí, se generaliza en la isla de Cuba el desconocimiento de su obra literaria, la oposición a su pensamiento político y en consecuencia, un abandono a su discurso revolucionario y popular. Se describe el proceso con el que se generalizan las contradicciones entre los independentistas, en medio de la recuperación de su legado a manos de los emigrados. Luego de décadas de debates, se presentan las manifestaciones que exaltan su lucha nacionalista, la difusión de sus obras y la defensa de sus postulados e ideas, convirtiéndose los criterios martianos en la base ideológica de la nación cubana y del reformismo, en su tránsito de colonia a república.   This article discusses the extent to which, after his death, the literary output of José Martí became generally unknown, opposition to his political thought as well, resulting in the abandonment of his popular and revolutionary discourse. The contradictions among those in favor of Cuban independence is examined, with the recovery of Martí’s legacy left to emigrants. After decades of debate, praise of his nationalist struggle reappears, along with the diffusion of his oeuvre and the defense of his propositions and ideas, transforming the tenets of Martí’s thought into the ideological base of Cuban nationalism and reform, in the island's transition from colony to republic.

  17. Martínez Sanabria en un país de artesanos

    OpenAIRE

    Jimena Montaña Cuéllar

    2011-01-01

    De la arquitectura orgánica a la arquitectura del lugar en las casas Wilkie (1962) y Calderón (1963) de Fernando Martínez Sanabria. Germán Darío Rodríguez Botero. Universidad Nacional de Colombia (Sede Bogotá), Facultad de Artes, Colección Punto aparte, Bogotá, 2007, 232 págs.

  18. José Martí: observador y creador de realidades.

    OpenAIRE

    Roberto Medina Bejarano; Miguel Angel Alomía Riascos

    2018-01-01

    El presente artículo tiene como propósito establecer una relación entre el pensamiento pedagógico de José Martí con algunos de los planteamientos que desde el paradigma de la complejidad, especialmente desde la biopedagogía, soportan las investigaciones pedagógicas contemporáneas que se inscriben también en los conceptos de ecoeducacíon y armonización educativa

  19. Management of asaí (Euterpe precatoria Mart.) for fruit production in southern Colombian Amazonia

    OpenAIRE

    Carolina Isaza Aranguren; Gloria Galeano Garcés; Rodrigo Bernal González

    2014-01-01

    The fruits of asaí (Euterpe precatoria Mart.) are a traditional food for Amazonian inhabitants who harvest it from wild populations, employing management practices that affect palm populations and productivity. Here we present management data on fruit harvesting in a Tikuna community in the Colombian Amazon. We identified the market structure in Leticia and evaluated the population structure and fruit productivity in a scarcely harvested forest and a heavily harvested one. We performed interv...

  20. Wal-Mart's Successfully Integrated Supply Chain and the Necessity of Establishing the Triple-A supply Chain in the 21st century

    OpenAIRE

    Ha Nguyen Thi Thu

    2017-01-01

    Aim/purpose - The main purposes of the paper are to analyze features creating a Wal-Mart's successful integrated supply chain that contributes its dominant position in the retail market and identify issues existing in Wal-Mart's supply chain. Then some suggestions will be mentioned for Wal-Mart to establish the Triple-A supply chain. Methodology - This paper is based on literature studies for reviewing Wal-Mart's integrated supply chain and designing an ideal Triple-A supply chain. Findings -...

  1. Progress in the migration towards the real-time framework MARTe at the FTU tokamak

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Boncagni, L.; Sadeghi, Y.; Vitelli, R.; Centioli, C.; Sinibaldi, S.; Vitale, V.; Zaccarian, L.; Zamborlini, G.

    2011-01-01

    Keeping in mind the proposed FAST experiment and aiming to meet basic requirements such as a modular and distributed architecture, where different control subsystems can be easily integrated at different times, and can operate either independently or in cooperation with other subsystems, at the end of last year we planned to upgrade the architecture of the FTU real-time system, improving in such a way its flexibility and modularity. We decided to adopt an available packages to reach our goal: MARTe. We report on the state of the art of the MARTe migration process, the difficulties dealt with, the benefits and advantages achieved, the progress made from our last report and, in particular, we describe the integration of the ODIN equilibrium reconstruction system in the real-time environment. The ODIN algorithm was already coded in previous works, but its integration in the real-time system has never been carried out at FTU. We illustrate how the MARTe architecture and the RTNet level allows for a first level of parallelization, distributing the data and/or time among nodes.

  2. RESPON LINGKUNGAN BELANJA SEBAGAI STIMULUS PEMBELIAN TIDAK BERENCANA PADA MINI MARKET MAMI MART PAINAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mareta Kemala Sari

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Research planning not purchase the mami mini market mart visits from customer response to environmental spending as a stimulus, a customer case study on mini market mart mom Painan. Research using response variables shopping environment consisting of Pleasure, Arousal, Dominance.as mediator variable, hedonic shopping value, utilitarian shopping value, resources expenditure on the purchase was not planned (Impulse Buying. Data were collected using questionnaires distributed during the 2 weeks to the respondents who never shop at mini market. The study population is that they all are a mini market mami mart customers aged 18-55 years and have never shopped with a minimum of 2 times the transaction, the methods used by the descriptive analysis, and processing research model with smartPLS program. Mengunggapkan research results that the response variable dominance shopping environment positive effect on resources expenditure. Shopping environment arousal response variable positive effect on resources expenditure. Also revealed that spending resources poengalaman variable expenditure not a mediator between the response variable shopping environment and other variables shopping experience, as well as the negative effect on the purchase was not planned. But the expenditure of resources affect the shopping experience more variables such as the hedonic shopping value, utilitarian shopping value, resources expenditure

  3. El Profesor Académico, Dr. Pablo Gómez Martínez.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zoilo Cuéllar-Montoya

    2007-12-01

    Más adelante, en la misma Presidencia de la Academia del Profesor Pedro José Almánzar Vargas (1963 – 1965, fue promovido Gómez Martínez a la categoría de Miembro de Número(2,10 con el trabajo “Ilio-cisto-plastia con colgajo sero-muscular invertido y reconstrucción de vejigas funcionales” (2,11. En la sesión ordinaria de la Academia del día 12 de marzo de 1964, el Académico Correspondiente Gómez Martínez presentó el trabajo mencionado(2,12 y, en la sesión ordinaria del día 14 de mayo de 1964, en virtud de haber quedado vacantes las sillas de los Señores Académicos de Número Jaime Jaramillo Arango, fallecido en Bogotá, el 31 de julio de 1962(2,13, Manuel José Luque Guevara, retirado por precarias condiciones de salud(2,14, y Fernando Torres Restrepo, trasladado definitivamente a los Estados Unidos(2,15, la Academia, en votación secreta, eligió, como Miembros de Número, a los Señores Académicos Correspondientes Pablo Gómez Martínez, Alfredo Artunduaga y J. Hernando Hernández Garay(2,16...

  4. Progress in the migration towards the real-time framework MARTe at the FTU tokamak

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boncagni, L., E-mail: boncagni@frascati.enea.it [Associazione EURATOM-ENEA sulla Fusione, C.R. ENEA Frascati, Rome (Italy); Sadeghi, Y.; Vitelli, R. [Dipartimento di Informatica, Sistemi e Produzione, Universita di Roma, Tor Vergata, Rome (Italy); Centioli, C. [Associazione EURATOM-ENEA sulla Fusione, C.R. ENEA Frascati, Rome (Italy); Sinibaldi, S. [Dipartimento di Informatica, Sistemi e Produzione, Universita di Roma, Tor Vergata, Rome (Italy); Vitale, V. [Associazione EURATOM-ENEA sulla Fusione, C.R. ENEA Frascati, Rome (Italy); Zaccarian, L. [Dipartimento di Informatica, Sistemi e Produzione, Universita di Roma, Tor Vergata, Rome (Italy); Zamborlini, G. [Facolta di Ingegneria, Universita di Roma La Sapienza, Rome (Italy)

    2011-10-15

    Keeping in mind the proposed FAST experiment and aiming to meet basic requirements such as a modular and distributed architecture, where different control subsystems can be easily integrated at different times, and can operate either independently or in cooperation with other subsystems, at the end of last year we planned to upgrade the architecture of the FTU real-time system, improving in such a way its flexibility and modularity. We decided to adopt an available packages to reach our goal: MARTe. We report on the state of the art of the MARTe migration process, the difficulties dealt with, the benefits and advantages achieved, the progress made from our last report and, in particular, we describe the integration of the ODIN equilibrium reconstruction system in the real-time environment. The ODIN algorithm was already coded in previous works, but its integration in the real-time system has never been carried out at FTU. We illustrate how the MARTe architecture and the RTNet level allows for a first level of parallelization, distributing the data and/or time among nodes.

  5. Integration of Simulink, MARTe and MDSplus for rapid development of real-time applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Manduchi, G., E-mail: gabriele.manduchi@igi.cnr.it [Consorzio RFX (CNR, ENEA, INFN, Università di Padova, Acciaierie Venete SpA), Padova (Italy); Luchetta, A.; Taliercio, C. [Consorzio RFX (CNR, ENEA, INFN, Università di Padova, Acciaierie Venete SpA), Padova (Italy); Neto, A.; Sartori, F. [Fusion for Energy, Barcelona (Spain); De Tommasi, G. [Fusion for Energy, Barcelona (Spain); Consorzio CREATE/DIETI, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Via Claudio 21, 80125 Napoli (Italy)

    2015-10-15

    Highlights: • The integration of two frameworks for real-time control and data acquisition is described. • The integration may significantly fasten the development of system components. • The system includes also a code generator for the integration of code written in Simulink. • A real-time control systemcan be implemented without the need of writing any line of code. - Abstract: Simulink is a graphical data flow programming tool for modeling and simulating dynamic systems. A component of Simulink, called Simulink Coder, generates C code from Simulink diagrams. MARTe is a framework for the implementation of real-time systems, currently in use in several fusion experiments. MDSplus is a framework widely used in the fusion community for the management of data. The three systems provide a solution to different facets of the same process, that is, real-time plasma control development. Simulink diagrams will describe the algorithms used in control, which will be implemented as MARTe GAMs and which will use parameters read from and produce results written to MDSplus pulse files. The three systems have been integrated in order to provide a tool suitable to speed up the development of real-time control applications. In particular, it will be shown how from a Simulink diagram describing a given algorithm to be used in a control system, it is possible to generate in an automated way the corresponding MARTe and MDSplus components that can be assembled to implement the target system.

  6. Fast development of real-time applications using MDSplus and MARTe frameworks

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Manduchi, G., E-mail: gabriele.manduchi@igi.cnr.it [Consorzio RFX (CNR, ENEA, INFN, Università di Padova, Acciaierie Venete SpA), Padova (Italy); Fredian, T.W.; Stillerman, J.A. [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 175 Albany Street, Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States); Neto, A.; Sartori, F. [Fusion for Energy, Barcelona (Spain)

    2016-11-15

    Highlights: • The paper describes the integration of two different frameworks for control and data acquisition. • It describes the way the two frameworks have been integrated. • It describes the advantages of this combined approach. • It presents a case study of the utilization of the two integrated frameworks. - Abstract: The recent long lasting fusion experiments introduced a change in paradigm for control and data acquisition. While formerly implemented by different systems, using different software and hardware solutions, new requirements, such as the need of handling a sustained data stream, the availability of powerful general-purpose computers and the evolution of Linux towards real-time responsiveness make an integrated solution nowadays feasible. In the fusion community several frameworks have been developed for control and data acquisition and some of them are shared among different experiments. In particular, MDSplus represents the most used framework for data acquisition and management and MARTe is a framework for real-time applications originally developed at JET, but then adopted in several other experiments. Neither system can be used alone to provide integrated real-time control and data acquisition but, since their functionality complements, they can be used in conjunction. To achieve this, an additional layer has been developed so that data handled in real-time by MARTe components can be redirected to pulse file for storage. At the same time, configuration data, typically defined in the MDSplus experiment model, can be seamlessly transferred to MARTe GAMs during system configuration.

  7. MARTe framework; a middle-ware for real-time applications development

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Neto, A.; Alves, D.; Carvalho, B.B.; Carvalho, P.J.; Fernandes, H.; Valcarcel, D.F.; Sartori, F.; Barbalace, A.; Manduchi, G.; Boncagni, L.; Tommasi, G. de; McCullen, P.; Stephen, A.; Vitelli, R.; Zabeo, L.

    2012-01-01

    The Multi-threaded Application Real-Time executor (MARTe) is a C++ framework that provides a development environment for the design and deployment of real-time applications, e.g. control systems. The kernel of MARTe comprises a set of data-driven independent blocks, connected using a shared bus. This modular design enforces a clear boundary between algorithms, hardware interaction and system configuration. The architecture, being multi-platform, facilitates the test and commissioning of new systems, enabling the execution of plant models in offline environments and with the hardware-in-the-loop, whilst also providing a set of non-intrusive introspection and logging facilities. Furthermore, applications can be developed in non real-time environments and deployed in a real-time operating system, using exactly the same code and configuration data. The framework is already being used in several fusion experiments, with control cycles ranging from 50 microseconds to 10 milliseconds exhibiting jitters of less than 2%, using VxWorks R , RTAI or Linux. Codes can also be developed and executed in Microsoft Windows R and Solaris R . This paper discusses the main design concepts of MARTe, in particular the architectural choices which enabled the combination of real-time accuracy, performance and robustness with complex and modular data driven applications. (authors)

  8. Integration of Simulink, MARTe and MDSplus for rapid development of real-time applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Manduchi, G.; Luchetta, A.; Taliercio, C.; Neto, A.; Sartori, F.; De Tommasi, G.

    2015-01-01

    Highlights: • The integration of two frameworks for real-time control and data acquisition is described. • The integration may significantly fasten the development of system components. • The system includes also a code generator for the integration of code written in Simulink. • A real-time control systemcan be implemented without the need of writing any line of code. - Abstract: Simulink is a graphical data flow programming tool for modeling and simulating dynamic systems. A component of Simulink, called Simulink Coder, generates C code from Simulink diagrams. MARTe is a framework for the implementation of real-time systems, currently in use in several fusion experiments. MDSplus is a framework widely used in the fusion community for the management of data. The three systems provide a solution to different facets of the same process, that is, real-time plasma control development. Simulink diagrams will describe the algorithms used in control, which will be implemented as MARTe GAMs and which will use parameters read from and produce results written to MDSplus pulse files. The three systems have been integrated in order to provide a tool suitable to speed up the development of real-time control applications. In particular, it will be shown how from a Simulink diagram describing a given algorithm to be used in a control system, it is possible to generate in an automated way the corresponding MARTe and MDSplus components that can be assembled to implement the target system.

  9. Vigencia Política de José Martí

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Luisa Laviana Cuetos

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Semblanza del escritor y político cubano José Martí (1853-1895, con especial atención a la vigencia de su pensamiento ético, base de su permanente actualidad. Martí fue el organizador y líder de la última guerra americana contra el colonialismo europeo clásico, pero el sentido profundo que dio a esa lucha la convirtió en una verdadera guerra de liberación nacional: el primer movimiento concreto contra el imperialismo. Entre los rasgos más originales del pensamiento martiano están: la proclamación de la igualdad de razas; la búsqueda de la superación de las diferencias de clase mediante el equilibrio de las fuerzas sociales; la reivindicación de la solidaridad hacia los humildes como un deber; la predicación de una “guerra sin odios”, que debía ser obra del pueblo y no de líderes; la comprensión y definición de Nuestra América; la insistencia en la necesidad de una descolonización cultural latinoamericana; y el antiimperialismo.   This paper is a sketch of the Cuban writer and politician José Martí (1853-1895, with special attention to the validity of his ethical thinking, which is the basis of his permanent relevance. Martí was the organizer and leader of the last American war against European colonialism, but the deep commitment he made to that struggle turned it into a war of national liberation, the first concrete movement against imperialism. Among the most original features of Martí’s thought are the proclamation of the equality of races; the search for overcoming class differences through the balance of social forces; solidarity with the poor being considered a duty; the preaching of a “war without hates” that must be the work of the people, its leaders; the comprehension and definition of Our America; the insistence on the need, throughout Latin America, of cultural decolonization; and an anti-imperialistic stance.

  10. Conservation genetics of the genus Martes: Assessing within-species movements, units to conserve, and connectivity across ecological and evolutionary time [Chapter 17

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michael K. Schwartz; Aritz Ruiz-Gonzalez; Ryuchi Masuda; Cino Pertoldi

    2012-01-01

    Understanding the physical and temporal factors that structure Martes populations is essential to the conservation and management of the 8 recognized Martes species. Recently, advances in 3 distinct subdisciplines in molecular ecology have provided insights into historical and contemporary environmental factors that have created population substructure and influenced...

  11. Antioxidant activity of extracts and condensed tannins from Maytenus ilicifolia Mart. ex Reiss; Atividade antioxidante de extratos e taninos condensados das folhas de Maytenus ilicifolia Mart. ex Reiss

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pessuto, Monica Bordin; Costa, Isis Casemiro da; Souza, Angelita Boldieri de; Nicoli, Fernanda Michely; Mello, Joao Carlos Palazzo de [Universidade Estadual de Maringa (UEM), PR (Brazil). Dept. de Farmacia e Farmacologia]. E-mail: mello@uem.br; Petereit, Frank [Westfaelische Wilhelms-Universitaet, Muenster (Germany). Inst. for Pharmaceutical Biology and Phytochemistry; Luftmann, Heinrich [Westfaelische Wilhelms-Universitaet, Muenster (Germany). Inst. for Organic Chemistry

    2009-07-01

    Maytenus ilicifolia Mart. ex Reiss. Maytenus ilicifolia (Celastraceae) is a native plant of South America and popularly known as 'espinheira-santa'. The aim of this study was to evaluate the antioxidant capacity of extracts and isolated compounds from this plant. The antioxidant activity of the crude and semipurified extracts and isolated compounds was evaluated through DPPH-radical and phosphomolybdenum-complex assays. By both methods, the ethyl-acetate fraction demonstrated better antioxidant capacity compared with vitamin C and trolox. In the compounds, the higher the number of hydroxyls, the greater the antioxidant activity. In addition, stereochemistry influenced antioxidant activity, i.e., compounds with 2 R,3 R showed greater activity than those with 2 R,3 S. (author)

  12. Evaluating the quality of life of people with profound and multiple disabilities: Use of the San Martín Scale at the Obra San Martín Foundation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irene Hierro Zorrilla

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The San Martín Scale is an instrument used to measure the quality of life of people with significant disabilities with adequate levels reliability and validity. In 2012, the San Martín Scale was administered to 85 adults with intellectual disabilities who were provided supports at Obra San Martin Foundation (Santander. In this article, we describe the results obtained at the mesosystem level, an example at the microsystem level, and future areas of work identified from the results.

  13. Management of asaí (Euterpe precatoria Mart. for fruit production in southern Colombian Amazonia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carolina Isaza Aranguren

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The fruits of asaí (Euterpe precatoria Mart. are a traditional food for Amazonian inhabitants who harvest it from wild populations, employing management practices that affect palm populations and productivity. Here we present management data on fruit harvesting in a Tikuna community in the Colombian Amazon. We identified the market structure in Leticia and evaluated the population structure and fruit productivity in a scarcely harvested forest and a heavily harvested one. We performed interviews to determine management and market practices and we established plots to identify population structure and productivity. Harvesting is mostly for self-supply and palm felling is the main method. The fruits are mostly consumed and marketed as juice. The asaí market is small and seasonal but it represents an important source of income for many, mainly indigenous, families. The population density was 1 680 individuals and 248 adults/ha in San Martín de Amacayacu, where harvesting was from 2 % of all adult palms, and 916 individuals and 30 adults/ha in Leticia, where harvesting was from 23 % of all adult palms. The population structure in both sites followed an in-verted J-curve in which the majority of the individuals were seedlings. Productivity was 2.2 ton/ha/ year in San Martín de Amacayacu and 0.33 ton/ha/ year in Leticia. The population in Leticia is heavily harvested to supply the local market and the consequences of this use are a reduction in population density and fruit productivity and a low abundance of individuals in all size classes.

  14. Formal Verification Method for Configuration of Integrated Modular Avionics System Using MARTE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lisong Wang

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available The configuration information of Integrated Modular Avionics (IMA system includes almost all details of whole system architecture, which is used to configure the hardware interfaces, operating system, and interactions among applications to make an IMA system work correctly and reliably. It is very important to ensure the correctness and integrity of the configuration in the IMA system design phase. In this paper, we focus on modelling and verification of configuration information of IMA/ARINC653 system based on MARTE (Modelling and Analysis for Real-time and Embedded Systems. Firstly, we define semantic mapping from key concepts of configuration (such as modules, partitions, memory, process, and communications to components of MARTE element and propose a method for model transformation between XML-formatted configuration information and MARTE models. Then we present a formal verification framework for ARINC653 system configuration based on theorem proof techniques, including construction of corresponding REAL theorems according to the semantics of those key components of configuration information and formal verification of theorems for the properties of IMA, such as time constraints, spatial isolation, and health monitoring. After that, a special issue of schedulability analysis of ARINC653 system is studied. We design a hierarchical scheduling strategy with consideration of characters of the ARINC653 system, and a scheduling analyzer MAST-2 is used to implement hierarchical schedule analysis. Lastly, we design a prototype tool, called Configuration Checker for ARINC653 (CC653, and two case studies show that the methods proposed in this paper are feasible and efficient.

  15. The national varieties of capitalism: the cases of Wal-mart and Ikea

    OpenAIRE

    Suzanne Konzelmann; Charles Craypo; Rabih Aridi; Frank Wilkinson

    2005-01-01

    Using the cases of Wal-Mart and IKEA, this paper takes a productive systems approach to examine Ôvarieties of capitalismÕ from the perspective of the ways by which production and market relations are structured and prioritised. It considers the nature of these relations and their interaction within the domestic economy and the ways that firms and national systems interact with each other in the global economy. It examines the processes by which trading standards are transported via supply cha...

  16. Compostos da casca de tucum-do-cerrado (Bactris setosa Mart.) com atividade antioxidante

    OpenAIRE

    Dantas, Marcela Berckmans Viégas Costa

    2017-01-01

    Entre os frutos comestíveis do cerrado brasileiro, o tucum-do-cerrado (Bactris setosa Mart) se destaca devido ao seu alto potencial antioxidante e conteúdo de polifenóis. Nós investigamos o extrato aquoso de tucum-do-cerrado quanto ao seu mecanismo de ação e o potencial antioxidante de suas frações. O extrato aquoso foi fracionado por HPLC e as frações analisadas em termos da sua atividade antioxidante por meio da degradação oxidativa de 2-desoxirribose. Cinco frações foram selecionadas com b...

  17. Atividade antimicrobiana do extrato alcoólico do fruto da Caesalpinia ferrea Mart

    OpenAIRE

    Tomaz, Klívio Loreno Raulino

    2010-01-01

    O tratamento usual da mastite bovina é realizado com administração de antimicrobianos, que muitas vezes, promovem a resistência bacteriana a esses compostos. Medicamentos fitoterápicos têm sido utilizados, porém nem todas essas opções apresentam comprovação científica acerca da eficácia de ação contra os agentes causadores da enfermidade. O objetivo desse estudo foi avaliar a atividade antimicrobiana do extrato alcoólico do fruto da Caesalpinia ferrea Mart. frente a bactérias c...

  18. Inconsciente genérico, feminismo y Nubosidad variable de Carmen Martín Gaite

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zecchi, Barbara

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available In a context of marked tensions between gynocritics and contemporary Spanish women writers, Carmen Martín Gaite’s novel Nubosidad variable (Variable Cloud,1992 stands out as a curious paradox. As is well known, Martín Gaite repeatedly declared not to be a feminist and even scorned women who fought for equality between both sexes. This article argues that Nubosidad variable, however, constitutes one of the best examples of a consciously feminist text. In this novel Martín Gaite applies some of the most prominent paradigms of feminist literary theory, such as the construction of a non-linear and a-chronological narration (Julia Kristeva, the attempt to create a “language of the body” (Helène Cixous, the foregrounding of a mother-daughter bond (Luisa Muraro, as well as the use of female writing as a means of self-discovery (Elaine Showalter.En un contexto de falta de comunicación entre ginocrítica y escritura femenina, la novela Nubosidad variable (1992 de Carmen Martín Gaite se presenta como una significativa paradoja. Si por un lado su autora declaró repetidas veces no ser feminista —y hasta menospreció con ironía a las mujeres que han luchado por la igualdad—, Nubosidad variable es una innegable aplicación de algunos de los más conocidos paradigmas de la teoría literaria feminista. Desde la narración no-lineal y atemporal que sigue el “tiempo de las mujeres” de Julia Kristeva, hasta el intento de crear una lengua del cuerpo a lo Hélène Cixous; desde el vínculo madre-hija teorizado por Luisa Muraro, hasta la escritura femenina como auto-descubrimiento de Elaine Showalter, esta novela representa uno de los mejores ejemplos, dentro de la narrativa contemporánea española, de lo que llamaría un texto conscientemente feminista.

  19. Realismo, margen y fragmentariedad en la narrativa de Ezequiel Martínez Estrada

    OpenAIRE

    Gasillón, María Lourdes

    2012-01-01

    En primer lugar, este trabajo intenta analizar los ensayos escritos por Ezequiel Martínez Estrada sobre Franz Kafka (1967) para luego reconocer sus influencias en el concepto de lo real y realismo en sus propias narraciones ficcionales. En este caso, se abordará uno de sus cuentos más conocidos, “Marta Riquelme”, que construye discursivamente una imagen de lo/s otro/s en distintos planos textuales: autor, narrador, organización, género, personajes, etc. Tanto el ensayista argentino como el es...

  20. Public private partnerships in tourism - a case study of Kerala Travel Mart

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shobha Menon

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper highlights the public private partnership nature of the Kerala Travel Mart ( KTM , a tourism trade show held in Kerala,India. The objective is to apply the theoretical framework from literature to analyse the effectiveness of the public private participatory nature of KTM. A case study approach has been adopted based on secondary data from Government records and from data compiled from KTM. KTM has been found to be a successful model for Public Private Partnership although there are some areas for improvement. This is the first such research study on the PPP nature of a collaborative venture in a destination which can be replicated by other destinations.

  1. Realidad y ficción en la obra de Carmen Martín Gaite

    OpenAIRE

    Carrillo Romero, María Coronada

    2013-01-01

    La tesis estudia uno de los aspectos fundamentales de la obra de Carmen Martín Gaite, así como su tratamiento a lo largo de toda su trayectoria literaria: la fusión de la realidad y la ficción, del mundo real y de la imaginación, el sueño, el recuerdo y la literatura. Está estructurada en dos partes: teniendo en cuenta la afinidad que la autora sentía hacia determinados escritores cuya influencia en su obra declaró abiertamente en numerosas ocasiones, la primera parte está dedicada a est...

  2. Näidendi esimene lugemine

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    20. dets. tuleb Eesti Draamateatri maalisaalis esimesele lugemisele Mart Aasa näidend "Café Utopia. Täielik tragöödia". Loevad EMTA lavakunstikooli XXIII lennu näitlejad, lavastajana juhendab Lauri Lagle

  3. An analysis of natural ventilation techniques to achieve indoor comfort in Wal-Mart express

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Dea, Shona

    Despite global efforts to reduce world fossil fuel dependency the world still obtains 81% of its energy from fossil fuels (IEA,2009). Modern renewable alternatives have been around since the mid twentieth century these alternatives have not been integrated into electrical grid systems at the exponential rate required to eradicate fossil fuels dependency. The problem, world energy demand, is too large to be satisfied by anything other than the energy-dense fossil fuels used today. We must change our energy intensive processes in order to conserve energy and hence reduce the demands that alternatives must satisfy. This research aims to identify sustainable design opportunities through the application of innovative technologies for the largest retailer in the US with the view that a viable conservative design measure could be applied to the store model, which is replicated across the country, causing a cumulative and hence larger impact on the company energy consumption as a whole. This paper will present the literature available on the 'big box' industry and Wal-Mart, comfort, natural ventilation and building simulation software and then perform an analysis into the viability of naturally ventilating the Wal-Mart Express sales zone using Monodraught natural ventilation windcatcher products

  4. Wal-Mart, caballo de Troya de la globalización

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    René Paul Desse

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Creada en 1962 por Sam Walton, una pequeña empresa de distribución norteamericana se convertirá rápidamente en la primera empresa mundial. Desde Bentonville, Arkansas, hasta el interior de China, Wal-Mart muestra un camino bastante clásico que va desde la sede principal de la empresa hacia una proliferación de sus tiendas en una quincena de países. Con una facturación de 405 mil millones de dólares en 2008, la empresa de distribución número uno en el mundo fue sobrepasada en abril de 2009 por la empresa petrolera Exxon Mobil en la clasificación de las quinientas empresas mundiales más importantes. Pero a diferencia de otras grandes transnacionales como Exxon Mobil o Microsoft, Wal-Mart, la primera empresa mundial de distribución, tiene que adaptarse al medio ambiente local con el fin de atraer a un máximo de consumidores. El artículo propone una aproximación a escala múltiple de las estrategias de desarrollo de esta firma internacional. Así, la aplicación de un análisis espacial es apropiada para esclarecer los vínculos existentes entre los territorios y las estrategias de los actores a diferentes escalas geográficas.

  5. Histochemistry and infrared microspectroscopy of lignified tissue in young stems of Struthanthus vulgaris Mart.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gisely de Lima Oliveira

    Full Text Available In this study, we aimed to determine lignified tissue in young stems of Struthanthus vulgaris Mart. by infrared microspectroscopy and histochemical methods as well as by fluorescence microscopy. Struthanthus vulgaris Mart. is a mistletoe species that belongs to the Loranthaceae family. A brief anatomical description was also carried out. The first procedure for analysis was to elaborate anatomical cross sections (20-30 µm from young stems before and after treatment with NaOH 1%. This procedure was applied to release possible low molecular mass phenolic compounds. Safranin-astra blue was used to distinguish anatomical tissues while Wiesner test enabled verification of lignified pericyclic fibers. Infrared microspectroscopy analysis confirmed the presence of lignin in this region according to the following spectral signals: 1600 (shoulder, 1511, 1453, 1338 and 1244 cm-1. Analyses of the cross section of young stems under fluorescence microscopy before and after treatment with NaOH 1% allowed us to confirm the presence of low mass phenolic compounds in the region of pericyclic fibers.

  6. Una finestra sul passato: Irse de casa di Carmen Martín Gaite

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giulia Tosolini

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Beyond historical and social implications, migration represents the possibility of crossing a threshold and opening oneself up to new empirical and emotional spaces. Amparo, the main character of Carmen Martín Gaite’s Irse de casa (1998, is the perfect personification of the gaitian feminine canon. After leaving Spain and settling in New York, she became a successful fashion designer, and seemed happy and easy-going. The bond with memory and the past is the main topic of this novel, as it is in most of Martín Gaite’s production. The window on the past that Amparo closed moving to the US suddenly reappears when she needs to discover herself and her origins. This inconvenience in an anonymous life brings huge changes that will condition her and her loved ones. Travelling to Spain and interacting with places and people connected with her childhood, Amparo goes through the window she had closed forty years before, restoring the order. The window connects the present and the past, symbolizes the emigrant’s transience, personified in the novel by Amparo, who can definitely find the lost serenity and heart’s-ease.

  7. Historical biogeography sets the foundation for contemporary conservation of martens (genus Martes) in northwestern North America

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dawson, Natalie G.; Colella, Jocelyn P.; Small, Maurine P.; Stone, Karen D.; Talbot, Sandra L.; Cook, Joseph A.

    2017-01-01

    Effective conservation of insular populations requires careful consideration of biogeography, including colonization histories and patterns of endemism. Across the Pacific Northwest of North America, Pacific martens (Martes caurina) and American pine martens (Martes americana) are parapatric sister species with distinctive postglacial histories. Using mitochondrial DNA and 12 nuclear microsatellite loci, we examine processes of island colonization and anthropogenic introductions across 25 populations of martens. Along the North Pacific Coast (NPC), M. caurina is now found on only 2 islands, whereas M. americana occurs on mainland Alaska and British Columbia and multiple associated islands. Island populations of M. caurina have a longer history of isolation reflected in divergent haplotypes, private microsatellite alleles, and relatively low within-population diversity. In contrast, insular M. americanahave lower among-population divergence and higher metrics of within-population diversity. On some NPC islands, introductions of M. americana may be related to decline of M. caurina. Long-term persistence of these species likely has been influenced by anthropogenic manipulations, including wildlife translocations and industrial-scale deforestation, yet, the distinctive histories of these martens have not been incorporated into natural resource policies.

  8. Carmen Martín Gaite: la escritura terapéutica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Escartín Gual, Montserrat

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the therapeutic power of the written and oral communication, as well as the benefit of reading literary texts proposed by the narrative of Carmen Martín Gaite. If the author prioritized spoken communication in her first novels, with the passing of time, defended her narrative writing versus orality, making it the vehicle of choice for characters to communicate and ultimately for herself, to find the healing through the word.En este artículo se analiza el poder terapéutico de la comunicación oral y escrita, así como el beneficio de la lectura de textos literarios que propone la narrativa de Carmen Martín Gaite. Si la autora priorizó la comunicación hablada en su primeras novelas, con el paso del tiempo, su discurso narrativo defendió la escritura frente a la oralidad, convirtiéndola en el vehículo elegido por sus personajes para comunicarse y, en definitiva por ella misma, para buscar la curación a través de la palabra.

  9. RELATION OF Xylopia emarginata MART. POPULATION GENETIC ESTIMATIOS WITH SOIL CHEMISTRY CHARACTERISTICS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peterson Jaeger

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available It is known that there is a relation between the biotic and abiotic environment and that this interaction reflects in the live organisms group of a place. The interactions between genotype and environment, also already recognized, act in a anolog way, but in a difficult mensurable constatation. In this way, the current research objectifies relating soil Chemistry characteristics with the heterozygosis levels of three Xylopia emarginata Mart. subpopulations. The generic analysis results demonstrated that the subpopulation 1 differs from other ones, showing significative Wright fixation index (-0.389, while non-significative values have been found in the subpopulations 2 and 3 (-0.105 and -0.209, respectely. This difference has also been observed by the Principal Component Analysis (PCA, where the subpopulation 1 has been influencianted by the tenors of organic material (MO, alumin (Al, effective cationic change capacity (t, pH 7.0 (T and sum of hydrogen and alumin (H+Al, while the subpopulations 2 and 3 have been influenciated by pH, phosphor (P and basis saturation index (V. In the same way, the allele 2 of EST-1 and MDH-2 are inversely related to pH, P and V end the allele 1 of GDH-3, SDH-3 and GTDH-3 directly related with MO, AL, t, T and H+Al. In studied populations of Xylopia emarginata Mart. the soil chemistry characteristics affected heterozygosis levels.

  10. Literatura y filosofía: Sartre, Martín-Santos y Bartleby

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Santamaría Pargada, Antonio

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Luis Martín Santos has been, after his soon death, one of the most unfairly forgotten Spanish intellectuals. This situation happens to be even more unjust considering the success of his novel “Time of Silence” and his unfinished “Time of Destruction”. The works of this psychiatrist, philosophically formed in the existentialism tradition, tackle from psychiatric and medical studies to interpretations of Dilthey, Jaspers and Heidegger. Maybe the most important achievement made by Dr. Martín-Santos was the fact of pooling in his novels all the different fields he worked in, namely: existential philosophy, psychiatry and literature. This mutual influence leads to a clearly existential interpretation of the narrative subject and to a nihilist conception of freedom: the nothingness completely understood as Sartre did. And, consequently, the attractiveness of approaching the Spanish author through literary theories that are close to the French contemporary philosophy and the primacy, not only of the existential analysis in literature, but also of the influence of the literary character as a fiction that is able to create possible realities. That is why it is interesting to study “Bartleby the Scrivener” as a paradoxical example of the existential nothingness made flesh. To put it in a nutshell, the existential triviality, a sign of modern times, has been indeed very successfully portrayed by Martín-Santos.Luis Martín-Santos ha sido, tras su temprana muerte, uno de los grandes olvidados entre los intelectuales españoles del franquismo. Olvido especialmente injusto, teniendo en cuenta el éxito de su novela Tiempo de Silencio y su interesante proyecto inacabado Tiempo de Destrucción. La obra de este psiquiatra formado filosóficamente en el existencialismo abarca desde trabajos psiquiátricos relativos a la medicina hasta interpretaciones de Dilthey, Jaspers y Heidegger. Tal vez el mayor logro de Martín- Santos fuera el de aunar en sus

  11. Coinfection with Hepatozoon sp. and Canine Distemper Virus in a Yellow-throated Marten ( Martes flavigula koreana) in Korea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Surim; Choi, Ul Soo; Kim, Eun Ju; Lee, Jong Hyun; Lee, Hae Beom; Cho, Ho Seong; Kim, Wonil; Lim, Chae Woong; Kim, Bumseok

    2016-04-28

    We describe coinfection with Hepatozoon sp. and canine distemper virus (CDV) in a yellow-throated marten ( Martes flavigula koreana). We found Hepatozoon cysts in muscular tissue and viral inclusion bodies in the brain. Hepatozoon sp., and CDV was confirmed in blood and brain, respectively, by PCR.

  12. Enesetapp - rääkida või vaikida? / Gerda Kordemets, Mart Laisk ja Merike Sisask ; intervjueerinud Tiina Jõgeda

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kordemets, Gerda, 1960-

    2010-01-01

    Kas noorte enesetappudest rääkimine toob matkijaid või on teemast rääkimine vajalik? Suitsiiditeemaga kokku puutunud Mart Laisk, Eesti Televisiooni uue sarja "Klass: elu pärast" üks režissööre Gerda Kordemets ja suitsidoloog Merike Sisask arutlevad

  13. Simulating the effects of climate change on population connectivity of American marten (Martes americana) in the northern Rocky Mountains, USA

    Science.gov (United States)

    T. N. Wasserman; S. A. Cushman; A. S. Shirk; E. L. Landguth; J. S. Littell

    2012-01-01

    We utilize empirically derived estimates of landscape resistance to assess current landscape connectivity of American marten (Martes americana) in the northern Rocky Mountains, USA, and project how a warming climate may affect landscape resistance and population connectivity in the future. We evaluate the influences of five potential future temperature scenarios...

  14. Missugustes virtuaalsetes võrgustikes sina kaasa lööd? / Johanna Helin, Mart Laanpere, Uno Traat ... [jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Küsimusele vastavad maailmahariduse projekti "Vaata ja muuda!" juht Johanna Helin, TLÜ haridustehnoloogia keskuse juhataja Mart Laanpere, Sisekaitse Akadeemia kriminoloogia õppejõud Uno Traat, TLÜ Haapsalu kolledži direktor Eve Eisenschmidt, Kose Gümnaasiumi saksa keele õpetaja Astrid Sildnik, TÜ füüsika instituudi dotsent Toomas Plank

  15. Low-level profiling and MARTE-compatible modeling of software components for real-time systems

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Triantafyllidis, K.; Bondarev, E.; With, de P.H.N.

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, we present a method for (a) profiling of individual components at high accuracy level, (b) modeling of the components with the accurate data obtained from profiling, and (c) model conversion to the MARTE profile. The resulting performance models of individual components are used at

  16. A historical approach to information management at “José Martí” College of Education

    OpenAIRE

    Carvajal, Bárbara María

    2013-01-01

    The paper presents a historical approach to information management in teachers training at “José Martí” College of Education. A theoretical framework is constructed as a way of completing the information gather in interviews to professors and graduates. The results include the identification and description of five periods of development.

  17. Estabilidade da polpa do bacuri (Platonia insignis Mart. congelada por 12 meses Stability of the bacuri pulp (Platonia insignis Mart. frozen for 12 months

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Virlane Kelly Lima da Silva

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Conduziu-se este trabalho, com o objetivo de realizar o processamento e avaliar a estabilidade da polpa de bacuri (Platonia insignis Mart. submetida ao congelamento durante 12 meses. Durante o período de armazenamento não ocorreram alterações significativas nas características físico-químicas da polpa quanto aos teores de sólidos solúveis, pH, atividade de água, açúcares totais e redutores, vitamina C, compostos fenólicos poliméricos e oligoméricos, pectina total e solúvel e cor L, a* , b*, enquanto que a acidez total e relação SST/AT variaram com o tempo de armazenamento. Os compostos fenólicos dímeros apresentaram aumento em função do tempo. Pelos resultados obtidos, a polpa de bacuri não pode ser considerada uma boa fonte de vitamina C. Por outro lado, apresenta baixos teores de compostos fenólicos caracterizando a polpa como, potencialmente pouco adstringente e com potencial para o processamento. A qualidade microbiológica não foi alterada durante o período de armazenamento. Os resultados apontam a eficiência do congelamento na manutenção das características físico-químicas e microbiológicas da polpa de bacuri.The objective of this work was to process and evaluate the stability of the bacuri (Platonia insignis Mart. pulp submitted to freezing for 12 months. During the storage period there were significant changes in the physiochemical characteristics of the pulp as for the content of total soluble solids, pH, water activity, total and reducing sugars, vitamin C, polimer and oligomeric phenolic compounds , total and soluble pectin and color L, the a*, b *,while total acidity and soluble solids varied with the storange period. The dimers phenolic compounds incresead with the time. According to the results, the bacuri pulp cannot be considered a good source of vitamin C, but it presents low contents of phenolic compounds characterizing the pulp as little astringent, thus showing potential for the processing

  18. Somatic embryogenesis from zygotic embryos of Euterpe oleracea Mart. Embriogênese somática em embriões zigóticos de Euterpe oleracea Mart.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana da Silva Ledo

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this work was to study the morphogenetic responses of zygotic embryos of açai palm (Euterpe oleracea Mart. submitted to several conditions of in vitro culture. Several research experiments were conducted, in laboratory, using vegetable material collected from açai palm plants at Embrapa Amazon Oriental, Belém-PA, Brazil. It was possible to verify the expression of a direct, repetitive and no-synchronized model of somatic embryogenesis in mature zygotic embryos cultivated in primary MS medium supplemented with 2,4-D (339.36 muM and transferred to a secondary MS medium in the presence of NAA (0.537 muM and 2iP (12.30 muM. The conversion of somatic embryos into seedlings was reached after 210 days with the transfer of the cultures to a third medium with sucrose and mineral salts concentrations reduced to a half, without growth regulators.O objetivo do presente trabalho foi estudar as diferentes respostas morfogenéticas de embriões zigóticos de açaizeiro (Euterpe oleracea Mart. submetidos a várias condições de cultura in vitro. Os experimentos foram conduzidos em laboratório, com material vegetal coletado de plantas de açaí da Embrapa Amazônia Oriental, Belém-PA, Brasil. Foi possível verificar a expressão de um modelo de embriogênese somática direto, repetitivo e assincronizado em embriões zigóticos maduros cultivados em meio primário MS, suplementado com 339,36 miM de 2,4-diclorofenoxiacético (2,4-D, e transferidos para meio secundário MS na presença de 0,537 miM de ácido 1-naftalenoacético (ANA e 12,30 miM de 2-isopenteniladenina (2iP. A conversão de embriões somáticos em plântulas foi alcançada aos 210 dias da inoculação com a transferência das culturas para um terceiro meio com a concentração de sais e sacarose reduzida pela metade e ausência de reguladores de crescimento.

  19. Avaliação da atividade antimicrobiana de Maytenus rigida Mart. (Celastraceae Evaluation of the antimicrobial activity of Maytenus rigida Mart. (Celastraceae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V.L Santos

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available A realização de estudos farmacológicos é fundamental para comprovar a eficácia do uso de plantas medicinais pela população para o tratamento de doenças e descobrir novos fitoterápicos. Esse estudo teve como objetivo avaliar o potencial antimicrobiano do extrato etanólico e fase acetato de etila do bom nome (Maytenus rigida Mart. sobre Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923, 3 amostras de Staphylococcus aureus multirresistentes isoladas de pacientes com infecções nosocomiais, Escherichia coli ATCC 25922, Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 27853 e Salmonella sp. (228-R-Tet, 118-R-Sut e 01-S isoladas de ambiente aquático, utilizando o método de difusão em agar. Os testes revelaram que o extrato e fase de M. rigida apresentaram atividade antimicrobiana in vitro frente a todas as cepas de S. aureus testadas, apresentando concentração inibitória mínima (MIC de 400 mg mL-1. Entretanto, estes produtos não apresentaram atividade frente às linhagens de bactérias Gram-negativas testadas, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa e Salmonella sp.Ppharmacological studies are essential to prove the effectiveness of using medicinal plants to treat diseases and discover new phytotherapics. This study aimed to evaluate the antimicrobial potential of ethanol and ethyl acetate extracts of "bom-nome" (Maytenus rigida Mart. against Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923, three samples of multiresistant Staphylococcus aureus isolated from patients with nosocomial infections, Escherichia coli ATCC 25922, Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 27853 and Salmonella sp. (228-R-Tet, 118-R-Sut and 01-S isolated from water environment, using the agar diffusion test. Both extracts showed in vitro antimicrobial activity against all S. aureus strains, presenting 400 mg mL-1 minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC. However, these products did not show activity against strains of the Gram-negative bacteria Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Salmonella sp.

  20. A Review of Introducing Issues with Opposing Viewpoints: Animal Rights. By Lauri S. Friedman. Greenhaven Press: Farmington Hills, MI, USA, 2010; Hardcover, 144 pp; Price: $33.58; ISBN: 978-0737749373

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lee J. Markowitz

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Given the volatile nature of animal rights issues and the extensive array of writings on the topic, one might expect several introductory anthologies to be available. The only anthologies in print, however, are scholarly tomes (listed below geared towards more advanced readers. Fortunately, Lauri S. Friedman, author of dozens of anthologies on controversial topics such as gun control, national security, terrorism, fast food, sexually transmitted diseases, and many other topics, fills this void well with her volume titled Introducing Issues with Opposing Viewpoints: Animal Rights. She has included articles by influential authors in a diverse range of lay outlets such as The Wall Street Journal, Slate, Guardian, Christianity Today, Food & Wine, among others. Below, I describe the contents of the book, its strengths and weaknesses, and how educators might use the book in classroom settings.

  1. Análisis mecánico por elementos finitos de una antena UHF en la órbita de Marte

    OpenAIRE

    Moreno García, Carlos

    2015-01-01

    El proyecto desarrolla el diseño mecánico de una antena helicoidal en banda UHF que será parte de un satélite cuyo destino final será Marte. Los principales objetivos de la misión son: Buscar trazas o evidencia de metano y otros gases atmosféricos que podrían manifestar signos de procesos biológicos o geológicos activos, es decir, buscar indicios de vida pasada en Marte Poner a prueba la tecnología necesaria para posteriores misiones europeas a Marte. El proyecto se centrará en la...

  2. "Nuestra América": José Martí ante la Razón Moderna

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Pablo Rodríguez

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo es un acercamiento al difícil y singular diálogo con el pensamiento moderno y sus procedimientos del escritor, pensador y político cubano José Martí. La tesis es que el ideario de Martí expresó los intereses y la perspectiva de los pueblos de Hispanoamérica, a la que llamó Nuestra América, por oposición, según escribió “a la otra América, que no es nuestra”. Plenamente consciente de que la identidad de la región se sustentaba en una cultura nueva, mestiza de lo aborigen y lo español, el cubano dedicó su ensayo “Nuestra América” a explicar los factores internos que mantenían las estructuras sociales, políticas y de pensamiento de la época colonial, así como el peligro que representaba el creciente poderío de Estados Unidos.   This article aims to approach Cuban writer, thinker and politician José Martí's harsh, singular dialogue with modern thinking and its procedures. It argues that Martí's set of ideas expressed the interests and viewpoint of the peoples of Hispanic America, which he called Our America, as opposed to, according to his own texts, "the other America, the one that is not ours". Fully conscious of the fact that the region's identity was based on a new culture, resulting from a mix of the indigenous and the Spanish, Martí used his essay "Our America" (originally, "Nuestra América" to explain the internal factors that maintained the colonial social, political and ideological structures, in addition to expressing the threat the growing power of the United States represented.

  3. Nõukogude anneksioon ja riigi järjepidevus : Eesti, Läti ja Leedu staatus rahvusvahelises õiguses 1940. a.-1991. a. ja pärast 1991. a : uurimus pingest normatiivsuse ja võimu vahel rahvusvahelises õiguses / Lauri Mälksoo ; tõlkinud Alar Hels

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mälksoo, Lauri, 1975-

    2005-01-01

    Tõlgitud väljaandest: Mälksoo, Lauri. Illegal Annexation and State Continuity : the case of the Incorporation of the Baltic States by the USSR. A Study of the Tension between Normativity and Power in International Law. - Leiden ; Boston : Brill, 2003. - 373 lk. - Bibl. lk. 341- 370 ja joonealustes märkustes. - (Monographs on International Law and Human Rights / Erik Castrén Institute of International Law and Human Rights ; 5). ISBN 90-411-2177-3

  4. Francisco Ibarra Martínez: renovador de la pedagogía cubana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lic. Osmar Oliva-Crespo

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The article entitled Francisco Ibarra Martínez: reformer of Cuban Pedagogy, is first of all a well deserved homage to one of the most important pedagogues of the republican period. His thought and his work are approached, from his initial stage of academic formation to his contributions to the educational cuban thought. Stands out his social dimension of his pedagogic work, his integration to the civic life of the city, his reforming vision of the practice of sports and study of the history of his country. Likewise, we refer to his contributions to the historiography as a science, the journalism and his concern for the social and political destination of the country. For this reason this work has among its contributions the treatment to the local history from the specific fild of pedagogy and education, modestly contributing to the rescue of historic memory.

  5. Proceso de la traducción de la Biblia de Martín Lutero

    OpenAIRE

    Rabines Rodríguez, Nathalie

    2015-01-01

    Aquest treball es centra en el procés de la traducció de la Bíblia alemanya de Martí Luter (1534). El treball comença amb una breu descripció dels casos de traducció de textos sagrats més rellevants en la història. Posteriorment es descriu la divisió lingüística en els països germànics durant el segle XVI, la posició política de l'Església Catòlica, per què sorgeix la necessitat de traduir una nova Bíblia a l'alemany i com es tria la llengua de destinació a la qual es tradueix. El treball fin...

  6. Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of the essential oil from Aeolanthus suaveolens Mart. ex Spreng

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Simionatto, Euclesio [Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul (UFMS), Campo Grande, MS (Brazil). Dept. de Hidraulica e Transportes]. E-mail: eusimionatto@yahoo.com.br; Porto, Carla; Stueker, Caroline Z.; Dalcol, Ionara I.; Silva, Ubiratan F. da [Universidade Federal de Santa Maria (UFSM), RS (Brazil). Dept. de Quimica

    2007-07-01

    The essential oils from leaves (sample A) and flowers (sample B) of Aeolanthus suaveolens Mart. ex Spreng were obtained by hydro distillation and analyzed by GC, GC-MS, and chiral phase gas chromatography (CPGC). Six compounds have been identified from the essential oils, representing ca 94.3 and 93% of the oils corresponding to samples A and B, respectively. The major constituents of samples A and B essential oils were respectively, linalool (34.2%/34.9%), (-)-massoialactone (25.9%/17.0%) and (E)-beta-farnesene (25.4%/29.1%). The enantiomeric distribution of the monoterpene linalool was established by analysis on heptakis-(6-O-methyl-2,3-di-O-pentyl)-beta-cyclodextrin capillary column. The antimicrobial activity of the essential oil from leaves and isolated compounds was also evaluated. (author)

  7. Preparation and characterization of high density polyethylene and residual fibre of Attalea funifera Mart (piacava) composites

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Agrela, Sara P.; Guimaraes, Danilo H.; Jose, Nadia M.; Carvalho, Gleidson G.P.; Carvalho, Ricardo F.

    2009-01-01

    The use of natural fiber reinforcement thermoplastic polymer is continuously increasing. This fact is manly due to its advantages as low cost, availability, recyclability, low energy demand and then environmental appeal if compared to synthetics fibers. The composites were prepared in different fiber volume ratios (5%, 10% and 20%) mixed with high density polyethylene (HDPE) and heated at 190 deg C. Thermogravimetric analysis and differential scanning calorimetry were used to investigate thermal stability. The composites structure was characterized by Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffractometry. Fiber and residue of piassava (Attalea funifera Mart) chemical composition were determined by Van Soest Method. The results indicate that thermo stability of the composites of HDPE prepared with fiber volume ratios up to 20% is only slightly lowered. (author)

  8. Los idearios pedagógicos de José Martí y Amado Nervo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vigne Pacheco, A.

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Estos dos escritores importantes del Modernismolatinoamericano se interesaron enormemente por lapedagogía y la educación en general de los niños desus países respectivos. Este artículo estudia sus produccionesen este campo y señala las diferencias deenfoque y de soportes que cada autor utilizó paraponer en práctica sus ideas. En Martí se manifiestael deseo de despertar la curiosidad de sus pequeñoslectores por medio de artículos y ficciones publicadosen su revista infantil La Edad de Oro; mientrasque en Nervo, son los manuales escolares los quedesempeñan ese mismo papel.

  9. Chemical constituents from roots and leaf stalks of acai (Euterpe precatoria Mart., Arecaceae)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Galotta, Ana Lucia Queiroz de Assis; Boaventura, Maria Amelia Diamantino

    2005-01-01

    Phytochemical investigation of the hexane, ethyl acetate and methanolic extracts of roots and leaf stalks of Euterpe precatoria Mart. (acai), afforded stigmast-4-en-6β-ol-3-one (3); p-hydroxy benzoic acid (4); 3β-O-D-glucopyranosyl-sitosterol (5); β-sitosterol palmitate (6); mixtures of β-sitosterol and stigmasterol (1 and 2), α-, β-amyrin and lupeol (7, 8 and 9), friedelin-3-one and 28-hydroxy-friedelin-3-one (10 and 11) and α-, β-D-glucose (12, 13). Except for 1, 2 and 4, the other isolated constituents are described in the genus for the first time. Compounds 3 and 5 gave good results in the brine shrimp bioassay, which detects compounds with potential uses as antitumor agents, pesticides, etc.. (author)

  10. Antioxidant and cytotoxic activities of 'acai' (Euterpe precatoria Mart.)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Galotta, Ana Lucia Q.A. [Universidade Federal do Amazonas (UFAM), Manaus, AM (Brazil). Inst. de Ciencias Exatas. Dept. de Quimica; Boaventura, Maria Amelia D.; Lima, Luciana A. R.S. [Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil). Dept. de Quimica

    2008-07-01

    Decoction of roots of the Amazonian palm acai (Euterpe precatoria Mart.) is widely used by Brazilian and Peruvian people as an anti-inflammatory, to heal kidney and liver diseases and against snake bites. In this study, the antioxidant activity of extracts and flavonoids (quercetin, catechin, epicatechin, rutin and astilbin) isolated from roots and leaf stalks of E. precatoria was investigated using {beta}-carotene in TLC plates and DPPH radical scavenging in a spectrophotometric bioassay. All extracts and flavonoids showed activity. Also, the cytotoxic activity of these extracts was evaluated by the brine shrimp (Artemia salina) larvicide bioassay and was lower than that of lapachol, used as control. The presence of flavonoids and sitosterol-3-O-{beta}-D-glucopyranoside in the extracts can justify the use of the plant in traditional medicine. (author)

  11. Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of the essential oil from Aeolanthus suaveolens Mart. ex Spreng

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Simionatto, Euclesio; Porto, Carla; Stueker, Caroline Z.; Dalcol, Ionara I.; Silva, Ubiratan F. da

    2007-01-01

    The essential oils from leaves (sample A) and flowers (sample B) of Aeolanthus suaveolens Mart. ex Spreng were obtained by hydro distillation and analyzed by GC, GC-MS, and chiral phase gas chromatography (CPGC). Six compounds have been identified from the essential oils, representing ca 94.3 and 93% of the oils corresponding to samples A and B, respectively. The major constituents of samples A and B essential oils were respectively, linalool (34.2%/34.9%), (-)-massoialactone (25.9%/17.0%) and (E)-beta-farnesene (25.4%/29.1%). The enantiomeric distribution of the monoterpene linalool was established by analysis on heptakis-(6-O-methyl-2,3-di-O-pentyl)-beta-cyclodextrin capillary column. The antimicrobial activity of the essential oil from leaves and isolated compounds was also evaluated. (author)

  12. Estudio de las variables que intervienen en un viaje interplanetario Tierra-Marte

    OpenAIRE

    Manso Escribano, Juan José

    2017-01-01

    La exploración de Marte comenzó en la década de los 60 por parte de Estados Unidos y de la Unión Soviética. Poco a poco estas misiones se han hecho más exhaustivas y con una mayor probabilidad de acierto a la hora de situar robots en suelo marciano, investigando tanto el suelo como su atmósfera y proporcionando cada vez más una mayor cantidad de datos acerca del planeta. A pesar de ello la idea de una misión tripulada aún queda lejos debido a la falta de desarrollo en la tec...

  13. [Morphology, anatomy and floral biology of Cabralea canjerana (Vell.) Mart. (Meliaceae)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moscheta, Ismar S; de Souza, Luiz A; Mourão, Káthia S; da Rosa, Sônia M

    2002-01-01

    Cabralea canjerana (Vell.) Mart. is a tree that occurs frequently in secondary forests of Maringá, Paraná, Brazil and presents a valuable wood. Its flowering time occurs from August to October and the anthesis occurs during the night. Its flowers are visited by Lepidoptera-Noctuidae. The flowers are unisexual and solitary or arranged in panicles. The perianth presents a papillose epidermis with striate cuticle and a parenchymatic mesophyll. Ten stamens constitute the androecium and are arranged in a staminal tube with anthers. The anthers present epidermis, endothecium, two median layers and secretory tapetum with binucleate cells. The semi-inferior ovary presents anatropous, bitegmic and crassinucleate ovules. The nectaries are located in the base of the ovary and staminal tube and they present papillose epidermis with stomata and secretory parenchyma with a conspicuous phloematic tissue.

  14. Antioxidant activity of extracts and condensed tannins from Maytenus ilicifolia Mart. ex Reiss

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pessuto, Monica Bordin; Costa, Isis Casemiro da; Souza, Angelita Boldieri de; Nicoli, Fernanda Michely; Mello, Joao Carlos Palazzo de; Petereit, Frank; Luftmann, Heinrich

    2009-01-01

    Maytenus ilicifolia Mart. ex Reiss. Maytenus ilicifolia (Celastraceae) is a native plant of South America and popularly known as 'espinheira-santa'. The aim of this study was to evaluate the antioxidant capacity of extracts and isolated compounds from this plant. The antioxidant activity of the crude and semipurified extracts and isolated compounds was evaluated through DPPH-radical and phosphomolybdenum-complex assays. By both methods, the ethyl-acetate fraction demonstrated better antioxidant capacity compared with vitamin C and trolox. In the compounds, the higher the number of hydroxyls, the greater the antioxidant activity. In addition, stereochemistry influenced antioxidant activity, i.e., compounds with 2 R,3 R showed greater activity than those with 2 R,3 S. (author)

  15. Leoncio Martínez Un personaje que marcó pauta en la disidencia

    OpenAIRE

    Omaira Zambrano Roa

    2014-01-01

    Cuando se analiza la historia política de un país, se observa énfasis en el estudio de sus períodos gubernamentales y en sus partidos políticos, en los cuales existen personajes que marcaron pauta en su desarrollo de la Nación. Durante la dictadura del general Juan Vicente Gómez (1908-1935)  uno de estos personajes característicos fue Leoncio Martínez, quien ostenta entre sus labores más conocidas la fundación del semanario humorístico Fantoches junto a Francisco Pimentel (Job Pim). En el año...

  16. MART-10, a newly synthesized vitamin D analog, represses metastatic potential of head and neck squamous carcinoma cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yang SW

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Shih-Wei Yang,1,* Chi-Ying Tsai,2,* Yi-Chun Pan,3 Chun-Nan Yeh,4 Jong-Hwei S Pang,5 Masashi Takano,6 Atsushi Kittaka,6 Horng-Heng Juang,7 Tai C Chen,8 Kun-Chun Chiang4,9 1Department of Otolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Keelung, 2Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taoyuan, 3Department of General Dentistry, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chang Gung University, Keelung, 4General Surgery Department, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Keelung, 5Graduate Institute of Clinical Medical Sciences, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan, Republic of China; 6Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Teikyo University, Tokyo, Japan; 7Department of Anatomy, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan, Republic of China; 8Endocrine Core Laboratory, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA; 9Zebrafish Center, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Keelung, Taiwan, Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this work Abstract: Even with multidisciplinary treatment, the prognosis and quality of life of patients diagnosed with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC are still not satisfactory. Previously, 19-Nor-2α-(3-hydroxypropyl-1α,25(OH2D3 (MART-10, the new brand 1α,25(OH2D3 analog, has been demonstrated to be an effective drug to inhibit HNSCC growth in vitro. Since most cancer patients die of metastasis, in this study, the antimetastatic effect of MART-10 on HNSCC was investigated. Our results reveal that both 1α,25(OH2D3 and MART-10 effectively repressed the migration and invasion of HNSCC cells, with MART-10 being much more potent than 1α,25(OH2D3. The antimetastatic effect of 1α,25(OH2D3 and MART-10 was mediated by attenuation of epithelial–mesenchymal transition (EMT, which was supported by the finding that the expression of EMT-inducing transcriptional factors, Sail and Twist, was inhibited by 1α,25(OH2D3 and MART

  17. Mis on läbilöömiseks elutähtis? / Siret Liivamägi, Ando Rehemaa, Mart Proos ... [jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2009-01-01

    Küsimusele vastavad Villa Benita juhatuse esimees Siret Liivamägi, registrite ja infosüsteemide keskuse direktor Ando Rehemaa, AS Favor juhatuse esimees Mart Proos, Swedbanki grupi finantsjuht Erkki Raasuke, Euroopa Komisjoni asepresident Siim Kallas

  18. Detecção de rastros de dust devils em Thaumasia-Marte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciene Toledo Almeida

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho utiliza um método de processamento digital de imagens para detecção de feições eólicas na superfície de Marte.  Essas feições são rastros de vórtices convectivos recorrentes em Marte, estes, por sua vez, são formados por correntes de ar quente instáveis, próximas à superfície, provocadas por insolação. A área de estudo escolhida foi Thaumasia. O método aplicado baseia-se na teoria da Morfologia Matemática, sendo os rastros obtidos de maneira automática via processamento digital de imagens e binarização automática pelo método de otsu restrito. Os rastros foram detectados automaticamente nas imagens orbitais, o que permitiu calcular características importantes dos vórtices como: largura média e máxima, área de recobrimento, direção preponderante entre outros. Os resultados podem ser usados para auxiliar na compreensão do fenômeno que ocorre no ambiente marciano, contribuindo para o entendimento de como os vórtices de dust devils podem influenciar nas variações locais climáticas do planeta e se faz importante por ser o processo geológico em maior atividade no planeta.

  19. Mites associated to Xylopia aromatica (Lam. Mart. (Annonaceae in urban and rural fragments of semidecidual forest

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felipe M. Nuvoloni

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Mites associated to Xylopia aromatica (Lam. Mart. (Annonaceae in urban and rural fragments of semidecidual forest. Native plants can shelter a great diversity of mites. Notwithstanding, the conservation of the forest fragments where the plants are located can influence the structure of the mites community. Generally, in homogenous environments the diversity is lower due to the dominance of one or a few species. In this work, we studied the mite community on Xylopia aromatica (Lam. Mart. (Annonaceae in two fragments of semidecidual forest: one on rural and other on urban area. Seven individuals of X. aromatica were monthly sampled from April 2007 to March 2008, in each of these fragments. Descriptive indexes of diversity, dominance and evenness were applied to verify the ecological patterns of the mite community, besides the Student's t-test to compare the abundance between the fragments. We collected 27,365 mites of 37 species belonging to 11 families. Calacarus sp. (Eriophyidae was the most abundant species, representing 73% of the total sampled. The abundance was greater in the urban fragment (67.7%, with the diversity index reaching only 25% of the theoretical maximum expected. Probably, these values might have been influenced by the location of this fragment in the urban area, being more homogeneous and submitted directly to the presence of atmospheric pollution. In this manner, X. aromatica is able to shelter a higher diversity of mites when inserted in preserved ecosystems, since the highest diversity of available resources allows the establishment of richer and most diverse mite community.

  20. Mars Analog Research and Technology Experiment (MARTE): A Simulated Mars Drilling Mission to Search for Subsurface Life at the Rio Tinto, Spain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stoker, Carol; Lemke, Larry; Mandell, Humboldt; McKay, David; George, Jeffrey; Gomez-Alvera, Javier; Amils, Ricardo; Stevens, Todd; Miller, David

    2003-01-01

    The MARTE (Mars Astrobiology Research and Technology Experiment) project was selected by the new NASA ASTEP program, which supports field experiments having an equal emphasis on Astrobiology science and technology development relevant to future Astrobiology missions. MARTE will search for a hypothesized subsurface anaerobic chemoautotrophic biosphere in the region of the Tinto River in southwestern Spain while also demonstrating technology needed to search for a subsurface biosphere on Mars. The experiment is informed by the strategy for searching for life on Mars.

  1. Melan-A/Mart-1- or HMB-45-positive melanocytes are not present in calcifying cystic odontogenic tumors (calcifying odontogenic cysts): a study in 13 Caucasian patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tosios, Konstantinos I; Prountzos, Nikolaos; Katsoulas, Nikolaos; Koutlas, Ioannis G; Sklavounou-Andrikopoulou, Alexandra

    2012-03-01

    Melanin pigment and melanocytes may be found in odontogenic cysts and tumors, particularly calcifying cystic odontogenic tumor (CCOT). In the present study we investigated the immunohistochemical expression of the Melan-A/Mart-1 and HMB-45 antigens in 13 Caucasians patients with CCOT. Melan-A/Mart-1- and HMB-45-positive melanocytes were not seen in any of the cases. Our findings are in agreement with the assumption that pigmentation in odontogenic lesions may be a racial phenomenon.

  2. The immunodominant HLA-A2-restricted MART-1 epitope is not presented on the surface of many melanoma cell lines

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Rikke Baek; Junker, Niels; Kirkin, Alexei

    2009-01-01

    Among the relatively large number of known tumor-associated antigens (TAA) which are recognized by human CD8 T-cells, Melan-A/MART-1 is one of the most-if not the most-frequently used target for anti-cancer vaccines in HLA-A2 + melanoma patients. In this study, we analyzed the killing of a large...... panel of melanoma cells by a high avidity, MART-1-specific T-cell clone or a MART-1-specific, polyclonal T-cell culture. Strikingly, we observed that the MART-1-specific T-cells only killed around half of the analyzed melanoma cell lines. In contrast a Bcl-2-specific T-cell clone killed all melanoma...... cell lines, although the T-cell avidity of this clone was significantly lower. The MART-1-specific T-cell clone expressed NKG-2D and was fully capable of releasing both perforin and Granzyme B. Notably, the resistance to killing by the MART-1-specific T-cells could be overcome by pulsing...

  3. Biologia floral e polinização de Arrabidaea conjugata (Vell. Mart. (Bignoniaceae Floral and pollination biology of Arrabidaea conjugata (Vell. Mart. (Bignoniaceae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Célia Rodrigues Correia

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available O trabalho aborda a biologia floral, a atividade forrageira dos visitantes florais (polinizadores e pilhadores, os eventos fenológicos e o sistema de reprodução de Arrabidaea conjugata (Vell. Mart. (Bignoniaceae, em área de vegetação de restinga, município de Maricá, Rio de Janeiro, no período 1997 a 2000. A espécie estudada tem flores com antese diurna, lilases, tubulosas, hermafroditas, odoríferas e oferecem néctar como recurso floral. O néctar é secretado por um disco localizado na base do gineceu e é acumulado em câmara nectarífera. Os grãos de pólen são liberados gradativamente, prolongando-se a fase de doação de pólen. As abelhas Euglossa cordata Linnaeus, Centris analis Fabricius e C. tarsata Smith são os polinizadores da espécie. Destaca-se pilhagem primária de néctar, por abelhas, e secundária, por borboletas e beija-flor. A espécie é auto-incompatível, apresentando baixos índices de formação de frutos em condições naturais (Frutos/Flores = 12,2%. Foi registrado padrão de floração "cornucópia", entre os meses de dezembro a março (estação quente/chuvosa, com pico em janeiro. As sementes são anemocóricas e liberadas gradativamente na estação fria e seca.This work deals with the floral biology, the foraging activities of floral visitors (pollinators and robbers, phenology and reproductive system of Arrabidaea conjugata (Vell. Mart. (Bignoniaceae in the "restinga" of Maricá, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, from 1997 to 2000. The flowers display daytime anthesis and last only one day. These attractive pink flowers are tubular, hermaphroditic, odoriferous and produce nectar as the floral reward. The nectar is secreted by a nectariferous disk concealed within a chamber. The pollen grains are gradually released throughout anthesis, extending the pollen presentation phase. The bees Euglossa cordata Linnaeus, Centris analis Fabricius and C. tarsata Smith are the pollinator species. Primary and secondary

  4. Espécies de formigas que interagem com as sementes de Mabea fistulifera Mart. (Euphorbiaceae Interaction between ant species and seeds of Mabea fistulifera Mart. (Euphorbiaceae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ethel Fernandes de Oliveira Peternelli

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available As formigas, quando atraídas por um apêndice nutritivo, produzido na semente de certas plantas, podem exercer o papel de agente predador ou dispersor das sementes. No processo de dispersão, grande número desses insetos pode interagir com sementes de determinada planta. O objetivo deste trabalho foi identificar as espécies de formigas em contato com sementes de Mabea fistulifera Mart. - uma espécie arbórea e colonizadora em áreas antrópicas no Brasil - e o tipo de interação desses insetos com as sementes, bem como determinar as espécies dispersoras. Foram realizadas coletas manuais de formigas em fragmentos de vegetação com alta densidade de M. fistulifera, no município de Viçosa, MG, no momento de sua visitação às sementes. As formigas capturadas foram triadas e identificadas por espécie. Além disso, durante as coletas foram feitas observações quanto ao tipo de comportamento das formigas que se associaram às sementes e ao cálculo da taxa de remoção destas, verificando-se que 16 espécies tiveram contato com estas. Acromyrmex subterraneus subterraneus, Atta sexdens rubropilosa, Ectatomma edentatum, Pachycondyla sp.1 e Pheidole sp. 2 foram, de fato, dispersoras, já que transportaram efetivamente as sementes. Ac. subterraneus subterraneus, Camponotus rufipes, Ectatomma permagnum, Megalomyrmex sp.1, Pachycondyla sp. 1, Pachycondyla sp. 2, Pheidole sp. 4, Pheidole sp. 5 e Pogonomyrmex sp. são, pela primeira vez, relatadas interagindo com sementes. A taxa de remoção das sementes de M. fistulifera pelas formigas foi de 85 a 97%.Ants, when attracted by nutritious corpuscles produced by seeds of certain plant species, can act as predators or dispersing agents. During seed dispersal, a great number of ant species can interact with seeds of a particular plant species. The purpose of this study was to identify the ant species that interact with seeds of Mabea fistulifera Mart., a pioneer tree species in anthropic disturbed

  5. José Martí e a educação popular: um retorno às fontes José Martí and popular education: a return to the sources

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danilo R. Streck

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo apresenta uma leitura de José Martí como fonte histórica da educação popular na América Latina. Parte-se do pressuposto de que não pode haver uma verdadeira refundamentação sem o retorno àquilo que sejam momentos, idéias ou princípios fundantes da educação popular. Após situar brevemente o pensamento e a obra de José Martí, caracteriza-se o conceito de educação popular como educação do povo, no sentido de educação universal. Num outro nível, busca-se identificar na obra de Martí traços da educação popular como um movimento político-pedagógico que se configura especialmente a partir da segunda metade do século passado. A premissa é que, num dado momento, educação do povo e educação popular deixam de ser termos equivalentes e que, em José Martí, temos elementos para pensar esses dois termos de forma dialética, num movimento de recriação de uma prática que, embora cindida pelas contingências históricas, é única. São identificados em sua obra quatro princípios da educação popular: a valorização da pluralidade de saberes; a relação interpessoal como ambiente para o aprender-ensinar e base para a transformação social; o conhecimento da realidade a partir de uma perspectiva emancipatória como ato político; e a educação como processo autoformativo da sociedade.This article presents José Martí as a historical source of popular education in Latin America. It starts from the assumption that there can be no true re-foundation without the return to those founding moments, ideas or principles of popular education. After giving a brief account of Martí's work and thought, we characterize the concept of popular education as education of the people, in the sense of a universal education. On a different level, we seek to identify in Martí's work elements of popular education as a political-pedagogical movement that takes shape especially since the latter half of the 20th century. The

  6. José Martí en la formación ético-humanista del futuro profesional de la Salud José Martí within the ethical-humanistic formation of future health care professionals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Lidia Torres Armenteros

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo tiene el objetivo de elevar la contribución de la asignatura Filosofía y Salud a la formación ético-humanista de los estudiantes de Medicina, tomando como paradigma el legado de José Martí. El estudio recoge el tratamiento conceptual acerca de la ética, la ética médica, la moral, y el humanismo como concepción filosófica, así como vías para insertar creativamente el pensamiento humanista martiano en la asignatura, utilizando pasajes, testimonios y citas de sus obras. Más adelante, se concretan actividades para conseguirlo. Se concluye generalizando que el hombre nuevo, que se quiere forjar en las universidades, no estaría completo sin el conocimiento de la vida y obra martiana y la aplicación creadora de su pensamiento humanista en las nuevas circunstancias históricas.The article aims to increase the contribution of the subject Philosophy and Health to the ethical-humanistic formation of medical students, taking into account José Martí’s legacy as paradigm. It conceptually analyzes ethics, medical ethics, moral, and humanism as a philosophical concept, as well as dealing with different approaches to creatively include Martí’s humanistic thought in the subject, by means of passages, testimonies, and quotations. After that, a set of activities is suggested. As conclusions, it states that the new man to be educated at the university fails to be complete if he has a deficient knowledge about Martí’s life and work, and an inadequate application of his humanistic thought in the present historical circumstances.

  7. Era Sanctorum: la beatificación inconclusa del padre Diego Martínez, SJ (1627-1634

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Coello de la Rosa, Alexandre

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available This essay analyzes the politics of sanctity of the Society of Jesus in Viceregal Peru (17th Century through the process of beatification of the Spanish Father Diego Martínez (1627-34. An unfinished process that has been filed in the Jesuit archives for centuries and was never introduced in the Sacred Congregation of Rites, in the Vatican.Este ensayo analiza las políticas de santidad de la Compañía de Jesús en el Perú virreinal (siglo XVII a través del proceso de beatificación del padre extremeño Diego Martínez (1627-34. Un proceso inconcluso que ha permanecido en los archivos jesuitas durante siglos y que nunca se introdujo en la Sagrada Congregación de Ritos, en el Vaticano.

  8. Una monografía de Manuel Martín Salazar sobre la tuberculosis (Cádiz, 1887)

    OpenAIRE

    Herrera-Rodríguez, Francisco

    2017-01-01

    En este artículo se estudia la monografía de Manuel Martín Salazar sobre la tuberculosis, publicada en Cádiz, en 1887; además del prólogo de Benito Alcina Rancé, esta obra presenta apartados específicos sobre la etiología de la tuberculosis, el contagio, la herencia, la vacunación, la desinfección, la alimentación y el clima, así como epígrafes dedicados a la higiene social y a la tuberculosis en el ejército. Esta obra de Martín Salazar no ha recibido la atención que se merece, sobre todo ten...

  9. "Nuestra América": José Martí ante la Razón Moderna

    OpenAIRE

    Pedro Pablo Rodríguez

    2015-01-01

    Este artículo es un acercamiento al difícil y singular diálogo con el pensamiento moderno y sus procedimientos del escritor, pensador y político cubano José Martí. La tesis es que el ideario de Martí expresó los intereses y la perspectiva de los pueblos de Hispanoamérica, a la que llamó Nuestra América, por oposición, según escribió ¿a la otra América, que no es nuestra¿. Plenamente consciente de que la identidad de la región se sustentaba en una cultura nueva, mestiza de lo aborigen y lo esp...

  10. El americanismo como elemento clave en la poesía de José Martí

    OpenAIRE

    Zils, Elys Regina; Nack, Graziele

    2013-01-01

    I Congresso Internacional América Latina e Interculturalidade: América Latina e Caribe: cenários linguístico-culturais contemporâneos, 07, 08 e 09 de novembro de 2013 - UNILA Este artículo aborda la noción de americanismo en la obra del poeta cubano José Martí, partiendo de un breve análisis de su obra poética. La poesía de Martí, además de una determinada práctica estética, puede también ser entendida como un acto social. En ella puede ser leída una noción de vínculo entre los pa...

  11. Tuld Eesti kooli pihta! / Tõnis Lukas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lukas, Tõnis, 1962-

    2004-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Lääne Elu, 4. mai 2004, lk. 2; Hiiu Leht, 4. mai 2004, lk. 2; Sakala, 29. apr. 2004, lk. 2; Põhjarannik, 30. apr. 2004, lk. 2; Severnoje Poberezhje, 30. apr. 2004, lk. 2; Meie Maa, 30. apr. 2004, lk. 2; Koit, 6. mai 2004, lk. 6; Nädaline, 6. mai 2004, lk. 4. Res Publica haridusprogrammi "21. sajandi haridus" kriitika

  12. Poliitreklaami piirangud koguvad toetust / Tõnis Lukas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lukas, Tõnis, 1962-

    2004-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Hiiumaa, 20. märts 2004, lk. 2; Meie Maa, 20. märts 2004, lk. 2; Nädaline, 23. märts 2004, lk. 2; Koit, 23. märts 2004, lk. 6; Pärnu Postimees, 24. märts 2004, lk. 15; Sakala, 24. märts 2004, lk. 2; Vooremaa, 25. märts 2004, lk. 2; Lõunaleht, 25. märts 2002, lk. 2; Vali Uudised, 26. märts 2004, lk. 2. Isamaaliit astub samme poliitreklaami piiramiseks

  13. Kõiki sunnitakse valima parteid! / Tõnis Lukas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lukas, Tõnis, 1962-

    2004-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje, 27. nov. 2004, lk. 2; Pärnu Postimees, 27. nov. 2004, lk. 19; Meie Maa, 27. nov. 2004, lk. 2; Koit, 27. nov. 2004, lk. 6; Hiiu Leht, 30. nov. 2004, lk. 2; Harjumaa, 30. nov. 2004, lk. 2; Võrumaa Teataja, 30. nov. 2004, lk. 2; Sakala, 1. dets. 2004, lk. 2; Valgamaalane, 4. dets. 2004, lk. 2; Nädaline, 14. dets. 2004, lk. 4. Koalitsioon hääletas Riigikogu menetlusest välja Isamaaliidu seaduseelnõu, mille kohaselt oleks 2005. aasta kohalikel valimistel saanud osaleda ka valimisliidud. Nüüd jääb erakondadega mitte liitunud inimestel võimalus kandideerida vaid üksikkandidaadina

  14. Kas lipud poolde vardasse? / Tõnis Lukas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lukas, Tõnis, 1962-

    2004-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Pärnu Postimees, 13. veebr. 2004, lk. 11; Sakala, 13. veebr. 2004, lk. 2; Lääne Elu, 17. veebr. 2004, lk. 4; Hiiu Leht, 17. veebr. 2004, lk. 2; Nädaline, 17. veebr. 2004, lk. 2; Meie Maa, 17. veebr. 2004, lk. 2;Võrumaa Teataja, 17. veebr. 2004, lk. 2; Hiiumaa, 17. veebr. 2004, lk. 2; Koit, 17. veebr. 2004, lk. 6; Põhjarannik, 17. veebr. 2004, lk. 2; Severnoje Poberezhje, 17. veebr. 2004, lk. 2; Valgamaalane, 26. veebr. 2004, lk. 2. Eesti riigi rollist eesti keele elujõulisuse tagamisel ja keelepoliitika puudustest

  15. Idealism on pragmatismist kasulikum / Tõnis Lukas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lukas, Tõnis, 1962-

    2006-01-01

    Ükski edasiviiv poliitika ei saa olla ideaalideta, aadete eest seismine on ka suurte erakondade kohustus. Kui ERL-is ja Keskerakonnas on vähegi aatelisi inimesi, peaksid nad protestima selle vastu, et nende erakondade juhtkonnad nimetavad sõjakuritegu vabastamiseks, ütleb autor

  16. Fur-rubbing with Piper leaves in the San Martín titi monkey, Callicebus oenanthe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Huashuayo-Llamocca

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available We report observations on fur-rubbing with leaves from Piper aduncum by a San Martín titi monkey, Callicebus oenanthe. Fur-rubbing occurred during the transition from the dry to the rainy season in a titi monkey group living in a forest fragment in the Moyobamba region of Peru. Since Piper leaves include very potent compounds that may affect ectoparasites, we tentatively interpret the observed fur-rubbing as self-medication.

  17. Cloning and Characterization of the Genes Encoding the Murine Homologues of the Human Melanoma Antigens MART1 and gp100

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhai, Yifan; Yang, James C.; Spiess, Paul; Nishimura, Michael I.; Overwijk, Willem W.; Roberts, Bruce; Restifo, Nicholas P.; Rosenberg, Steven A.

    2008-01-01

    The recent identification of genes encoding melanoma-associated antigens has opened new possibilities for the development of cancer vaccines designed to cause the rejection of established tumors. To develop a syngeneic animal model for evaluating antigen-specific vaccines in cancer therapy, the murine homologues of the human melanoma antigens MART1 and gp 100, which were specifically recognized by tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes from patients with melanoma, were cloned and sequenced from a murine B16 melanoma cDNA library. The open reading frames of murine MART1 and gp 100 encode proteins of 113- and 626-amino acids with 68.8 and 77% identity to the respective human proteins. Comparison of the DNA sequences of the murine MART1 genes, derived from normal melanocytes, the immortalized nontumorgenic melanocyte line Melan-a and the B16 melanoma, showed all to be identical. Northern and Western blot analyses confirmed that both genes encoded products that were melanocyte lineage proteins. Mice immunized with murine MART1 or gp 100 using recombinant vaccinia virus failed to produce any detectable T-cell responses or protective immunity against B16 melanoma. In contrast, immunization of mice with human gp 100 using recombinant adenoviruses elicited T cells specific for hgp100, but these T cells also cross reacted with B16 tumor in vitro and induced significant but weak protection against B16 challenge. Immunization with human and mouse gp100 together [adenovirus type 2 (Ad2)-hep100 plus recombinant vaccinia virus (rVV)-mgp100], or immunization with human gp100 (Ad2-hgp100) and boosting with heterologous vector (rVV-hgp100 or rVV-mgp100) or homologous vector (Ad2-hgp100), did not significantly enhance the protective response against B16 melanoma. These results may suggest that immunization with heterologous tumor antigen, rather than self, may be more effective as an immunotherapeutic reagent in designing antigen-specific cancer vaccines. PMID:9101410

  18. Fertilidad de los suelos de la explotación Cal Martí de Gàver

    OpenAIRE

    Moreno Zeymer, Martín

    2015-01-01

    The study on soil fertility of the farm Cal Martí was performed to obtain objective results on the management of soil fertility. It also was tested the hypothesis that fertility in relation to soil organic matter increases in soil covered with permanent forage crops. There were executed different type of balances (humus, nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium) of the farm and there were analysed different parameters (texture, pH, EC, organic matter, macronutrients and micronutrients) of pieces of...

  19. Mart Viljus : insener Garin ja moodne häkker = Engineer Garin and modern hacker / Peeter Linnap

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Linnap, Peeter, 1960-

    2012-01-01

    Füüsik Mart Viljus on kunstnik, kes armastab allikmaterjalina kasutada olmes ringlevaid märke, valmisesemeid, mis on talle emblemaatilise tähendusega. Ta võtab need osadeks lahti ja paigutab seejärel nihestatult uuteks tervikuteks. Nõnda tekivad uued tähendused ja avaldub kunstniku isiklik suhtumine ühiskonda, mida vürtsitab paras annus huumorit, absurdi ja irooniat. Analüüsitakse põhiliselt 1990-ndate aastate loomingut

  20. Geographical variation in morphometry, craniometry, and diet of amammalian species (Stone marten, Martes foina) using data mining

    OpenAIRE

    PAPAKOSTA, MALAMATI; KITIKIDOU, KYRIAKI; BAKALOUDIS, DIMITRIOS; VLACHOS, CHRISTOS; CHATZINIKOS, EVANGELOS; ALEXANDROU, OLGA; SAKOULIS, ANASTASIOS

    2018-01-01

    Ecologists use various data mining techniques to make predictions and estimations, to identify patterns in datasets and relationships between qualitative and quantitative variables, or to classify variables. The aim of this study was to investigate if the application of data mining could be used to study geographical variation in the morphometry, craniometry, and diet of a mammalian species (Martes foina), and to determine whether data mining can complement genetic analysis to recognize subsp...

  1. José Martí y el mundo del trabajo en los Estados Unidos (1880-1890

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ariela Schnirmajer

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available The present study investigates in the manners in which Jose Martí approaches the conflicts of the world of the work in the United States in the decade of 1880 and in the changes that take place in his look, formed of the peculiar style of his North American Scenes. For it the concept is central of focalización that, linked to the manners of narrating and describing, tighten the argumentative character of the chronicles.

  2. José Martí y el mundo del trabajo en los Estados Unidos (1880-1890)

    OpenAIRE

    Ariela Schnirmajer

    2009-01-01

    The present study investigates in the manners in which Jose Martí approaches the conflicts of the world of the work in the United States in the decade of 1880 and in the changes that take place in his look, formed of the peculiar style of his North American Scenes. For it the concept is central of focalización that, linked to the manners of narrating and describing, tighten the argumentative character of the chronicles.

  3. Mida loodavad poliitikud? / Urmas Lauri

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lauri, Urmas, 1956-

    1998-01-01

    Vastavad T. Jürgenson, S. Ivanov, A. Rüütel, A. Haug, O. Anton, Pärnoja, M. Kubo, S. Kallas, K. Kilvet, M. Treial, E. Truu. Järgneb 20. jaan. 1998, lk. 2; 22. jaan. 1998, lk. 2; 27. jaan. 1998, lk. 2. Ilmunud ka: Hiiu Leht, 20. jaan. 1998, lk. 3

  4. Euroopa avastab Eestit / Lauri Hermann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hermann, Lauri, 1980-

    2004-01-01

    Saksa telekanal ZDF näitas 8. aprillil reportaaži 10 Euroopa Liiduga liituvast riigist "Muinasjutt saab tõeks". Eestist jutustas ka dokumentaalfilm "Dieter Kronzucker : Europas Neue Grenze" telekanalil N24

  5. Lauri Vaska 80 / Hellar Grabbi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Grabbi, Hellar, 1929-

    2005-01-01

    õnnesoov armsale Laurile, kes sündis 7. mail 1925 Rakveres ja elab praegu North Country´is. Tema elukäigust, teadustöödest, perekonnast, talupoeglikust olemusest panna kõik enda ümber haljendama, ka inimesed. Loovast ja rahvuslikust tegevusest

  6. Viimastel kuudel lahkunuid / Lauri Eesmaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Eesmaa, Lauri

    2006-01-01

    18. jaanuaril 2006 suri poola luuletaja Jan Twardowski (sünd. 1915), 22. veebruaril 2006 suri Heidelbergis saksa luuletaja Hilde Domin (sünd. 1909), 21. veebruaril 2006 suri Moskvas tšuvaši luuletaja Gennadi Aigi

  7. Defensa de lo local en Nuestra América y Coney Island de José Martí: el ensayo como un espacio para la ideología dentro de las raíces hispanoamericanas

    OpenAIRE

    Ángel, Roberto

    2015-01-01

    José Martí proposes that for the proper development of the Republic in America it is essential to secure a government that has as the premises of its administration the natural categories of its origin. To evaluate the local characteristics Martí was thinking of I will carry out an analysis of two of his essays: Nuestra América (Martí, 1977) and Coney Island (Martí, 1881), in an attempt to unravel the polarisation strategy which supports his argument. Indeed, through a semantic axis the autho...

  8. Differences in healthy food supply and stocking practices between small grocery stores, gas-marts, pharmacies and dollar stores.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caspi, Caitlin Eicher; Pelletier, Jennifer E; Harnack, Lisa; Erickson, Darin J; Laska, Melissa N

    2016-02-01

    Little is known about the practices for stocking and procuring healthy food in non-traditional food retailers (e.g., gas-marts, pharmacies). The present study aimed to: (i) compare availability of healthy food items across small food store types; and (ii) examine owner/manager perceptions and stocking practices for healthy food across store types. Descriptive analyses were conducted among corner/small grocery stores, gas-marts, pharmacies and dollar stores. Data from store inventories were used to examine availability of twelve healthy food types and an overall healthy food supply score. Interviews with managers assessed stocking practices and profitability. Small stores in Minneapolis and St. Paul, MN, USA, not participating in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children. One hundred and nineteen small food retailers and seventy-one store managers. Availability of specific items varied across store type. Only corner/small grocery stores commonly sold fresh vegetables (63% v. 8% of gas-marts, 0% of dollar stores and 23% of pharmacies). More than half of managers stocking produce relied on cash-and-carry practices to stock fresh fruit (53%) and vegetables (55%), instead of direct store delivery. Most healthy foods were perceived by managers to have at least average profitability. Interventions to improve healthy food offerings in small stores should consider the diverse environments, stocking practices and supply mechanisms of small stores, particularly non-traditional food retailers. Improvements may require technical support, customer engagement and innovative distribution practices.

  9. Chemical constituents of Piptadenia gonoacantha (Mart. J.F. Macbr (pau jacaré

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mário G. de Carvalho

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available The phytochemical investigation of Piptadenia gonoacantha (Mart. J.F. Macbr. (Leguminosae-Mimosoideae, commonly known as "pau jacaré" (alligator stick, afforded sitosterol, campesterol, stigmasterol, the N-benzoylphenylalanine-2-benzoylamide-3-phenylpropyl ester, known as asperphenamate, sitosterol-3-O-β-D-glucopyranoside, besides three flavonoids, apigenin, 5-O-methylapigenin and 7,4'-dihydroxy-3',5-dimethoxyflavone from its branches. From its leaves, the methyl gallate and two flavonoids, vitexin and isovitexin, were isolated. From its bark, a mixture of sitosterol, campesterol, and stigmasterol, besides a mixture of cycloartenone, cycloartan-25-en-3-one, and 24-methylene-cycloartenone, and the pure triterpenes 24-methylenecycloartanol, friedelin, lupeol and lupenone, were isolated. Their structures were established on the basis of spectral analysis, comparison with literature data and GC-MS analysis of the mixtures. The ester, flavonoids and the cycloartanes are been identified for first time in the genus Piptadenia.O estudo fitoquímico de galhos de Piptadenia gonoacantha (Mart. J.F. Macbr. (Leguminosae-Mimosoideae, comumente conhecida como "pau jacaré", forneceu sitosterol, estigmasterol, o éster N-benzoilfenilalaninato de 2-N-benzoil-3-fenilpropila, conhecido como asperfenamato, 3-O-β-D-glicopiranosil-sitosterol, além de três flavonóides, apigenina (5,7,4'-triidroxiflavona, apigenina-5-O-metil éter e 7,4'-dihidroxi-3' , 5-dimetoxiflavona. Das folhas isolaram-se galato de metila e dois flavonóides, 8-C-glicopiranosil-5,7,4' -trihidroxiflavona e 6-C-glicopiranosil-5,7,4'-trihidroxiflavona, conhecidas como vitexina e isovitexina. Das cascas desta planta isolaram-se uma mistura de sitosterol, campesterol e estigmasterol; mistura de cicloartenona, cicloartan-25,26-en-3-ona e 24-metileno-cicloartanona, além dos triterpenos, 24-metilenocicloartenol, fridelina, lupeol e lupenona. As estruturas foram estabelecidas através de análise de

  10. Atividade alelopática do extrato de folhas Ziziphus joazeiro Mart. – Rhamnaceae

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    Francisco Esio Porto Diógenes

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available O juazeiro (Ziziphus joazeiro Mart. é uma das espécies endêmicas da caatinga de grande importância econômica e ecológica. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o potencial alelopático do extrato de folhas de juazeiro (Ziziphus joazeiro Mart. em sementes de alface (Lactuca sativa L.. O experimento foi conduzido em delineamento inteiramente casualizado com 4 repetições e cinco tratamentos (0%, 25%, 50%, 75% e 100% de concentração do extrato bruto. O extrato bruto foi obtido por infusão (água fervida a 100°C sobre as folhas de Z. joazeiro. As características avaliadas foram percentagem de germinação, percentagem de plântulas normais e anormais, comprimento da parte aérea e radicular das plântulas de alface. Os resultados mostraram efeito alelopático do extrato dependendo da concentração. As maiores concentrações do extrato (100%, 75% e 50% reduziram a velocidade de germinação, o comprimento da raiz e aumentaram a percentagem de plântulas anormais de L. sativa. Normal 0 21 false false false PT-BR X-NONE X-NONE st1\\:*{behavior:url(#ieooui } /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Tabela normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin-top:0cm; mso-para-margin-right:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:10.0pt; mso-para-margin-left:0cm; line-height:115%; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-language:EN-US;}

  11. Resposta cronotrópica ao teste anaeróbio máximo de corrida - MART

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    Flávio Areal Lemos

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: A frequência cardíaca (FC no teste anaeróbio máximo de corrida (MART expressa o comportamento autonômico cardíaco em exercício. Ainda não foi investigado se tais respostas cronotrópicas apresentam associação com o desempenho aeróbio e anaeróbio. OBJETIVOS: Descrever a resposta cronotrópica cardíaca durante o MART nos segundos iniciais de estímulo (FC ON e de recuperação (FC OFF e estabelecer a associação entre as variáveis cronotrópicas com o desempenho aeróbio e anaeróbio. MÉTODOS: Foram voluntários 13 homens assintomáticos e fisicamente ativos, com 25,1 ± 4,9 anos, 76,8 ± 12,5 kg, 178,4 ± 9,0 cm e 50,6 ± 4,1 mL×kg‑1×min‑1. Na primeira visita, após a anamnese e medidas antropométricas, foi realizado um teste cardiopulmonar de exercício (TCPE com monitoração direta dos gases expirados. Na segunda visita, foi feita uma familiarização ao MART e na terceira, o teste de MART conduzido até a exaustão. RESULTADOS: A FC de recuperação (58 ± 20 bpm comparada à FC de pico alcançada no primeiro e no último estágio de MART (39 ± 14 bpm apresentou maior inclinação, resultando em maior amplitude de variação ao longo do teste, caracterizando diferenças significativas (P = 0,0017. A FC ON apresentou entre o momento inicial, meio e final do MART diferenças significativas (inicial versus final, p = 0,007. Para FC OFF foram encontradas diferenças significativas do início com o meio (p = 0,035 e do início com o final (p = 0,005 do teste. As correlações entre as variáveis cronotrópicas e de desempenho não apresentaram significância estatística (P < 0,05, assim como com as variáveis de desempenho. CONCLUSÃO: O MART parece ser um modelo de sobrecargas fisiológicas adequado para investigação da modulação autonômica cardíaca. Observou-se atuação do sistema parassimpático mesmo em cargas supramáximas até o final do teste.

  12. BioMart Central Portal: an open database network for the biological community

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guberman, Jonathan M.; Ai, J.; Arnaiz, O.; Baran, Joachim; Blake, Andrew; Baldock, Richard; Chelala, Claude; Croft, David; Cros, Anthony; Cutts, Rosalind J.; Di Génova, A.; Forbes, Simon; Fujisawa, T.; Gadaleta, E.; Goodstein, D. M.; Gundem, Gunes; Haggarty, Bernard; Haider, Syed; Hall, Matthew; Harris, Todd; Haw, Robin; Hu, S.; Hubbard, Simon; Hsu, Jack; Iyer, Vivek; Jones, Philip; Katayama, Toshiaki; Kinsella, R.; Kong, Lei; Lawson, Daniel; Liang, Yong; Lopez-Bigas, Nuria; Luo, J.; Lush, Michael; Mason, Jeremy; Moreews, Francois; Ndegwa, Nelson; Oakley, Darren; Perez-Llamas, Christian; Primig, Michael; Rivkin, Elena; Rosanoff, S.; Shepherd, Rebecca; Simon, Reinhard; Skarnes, B.; Smedley, Damian; Sperling, Linda; Spooner, William; Stevenson, Peter; Stone, Kevin; Teague, J.; Wang, Jun; Wang, Jianxin; Whitty, Brett; Wong, D. T.; Wong-Erasmus, Marie; Yao, L.; Youens-Clark, Ken; Yung, Christina; Zhang, Junjun; Kasprzyk, Arek

    2011-01-01

    BioMart Central Portal is a first of its kind, community-driven effort to provide unified access to dozens of biological databases spanning genomics, proteomics, model organisms, cancer data, ontology information and more. Anybody can contribute an independently maintained resource to the Central Portal, allowing it to be exposed to and shared with the research community, and linking it with the other resources in the portal. Users can take advantage of the common interface to quickly utilize different sources without learning a new system for each. The system also simplifies cross-database searches that might otherwise require several complicated steps. Several integrated tools streamline common tasks, such as converting between ID formats and retrieving sequences. The combination of a wide variety of databases, an easy-to-use interface, robust programmatic access and the array of tools make Central Portal a one-stop shop for biological data querying. Here, we describe the structure of Central Portal and show example queries to demonstrate its capabilities. Database URL: http://central.biomart.org. PMID:21930507

  13. Biting midges (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae from Martín García Island, Argentina

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    María M Ronderos

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Nearly 230 species of biting midges have been recorded or described from Argentina; 38 of them are known from the Buenos Aires province and only one is cited from Martín García Island. This paper presents the results raised from six collecting trips which took place on the island during spring 2005, summer 2006 and autumn 2009. Diverse sampling sites including permanent and temporary aquatic environments were chosen, most of the ten sampling sites were ponds of diverse origin, some of these environments were covered with floating vegetation as Lemna gibba, Lemna minuscule, Salvinia biloba, Salvinia minima, Azolla filiculoides, Limnobium laevigatum, Pistia stratiotes, Spirodela intermedia, Wolffiella oblonga and Wolffia columbiana. Other sites were placed in urban and suburban areas. Adults were collected with sweep nets at sunrise and sunset and with light traps at intervals of four to five hours at night, depending on electricity availability on the island. Larvae and pupae were collected with different implements depending on characteristics of each surveyed aquatic habitat. In free standing water, they were captured with small sieves or hand pipettes and micropipettes, flotation techniques were utilized for sampling vegetated areas, free and rooted floating hydrophytes were extracted for removing insects among them. Thirteen species of Ceratopogonidae were collected, three of Atrichopogon Kieffer, three of Forcipomyia Meigen, two of Dasyhelea Kieffer, four of Culicoides Latreille, and one of Bezzia Kieffer, all representing new records from the island. Rev. Biol. Trop. 59 (3: 1183-1194. Epub 2011 September 01.

  14. Gastric Antiulcerogenic and Hypokinetic Activities of Terminalia fagifolia Mart. & Zucc. (Combretaceae

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    Paulo Humberto M. Nunes

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The acute toxicity, the antioxidant activity, and the pharmacological activity on the gastrointestinal tract of rodents of the ethanolic extract (TFEE from the bark of Terminalia fagifolia Mart. & Zucc. (Combretaceae and of its aqueous (TFAqF, hydroalcoholic (TFHAF, and hexanic (TFHEXF partition fractions have been evaluated. TFEE presented low acute toxicity, antioxidant, and antiulcerogenic activity against ethanol-induced ulcers, which was partially blocked by pretreatment with L-NAME and indomethacin. It reduced the total acidity and raised the pH of gastric secretion. Additionally, TFEE delayed gastric emptying and slightly inhibited the small intestinal transit and also presented a weakly antidiarrheal activity. The antiulcerogenic and antioxidant activity were also detected in TFAqF and TFHAF but not in TFHEXF. The antisecretory and gastroprotective activity of TFEE partially involve the nitric oxide and prostaglandin participation. Nevertheless, TFEE, TFAqF, and TFHAF drastically reduced the mucus layer adhered to the gastric wall of rats treated with ethanol or indomethacin. Complementary studies are required in order to clarify the paradox of the presence of a gastroprotector activity in this plant that, at the same time, reduces the mucus layer adhered to the gastric wall.

  15. Germinação de sementes e desenvolvimento inicial de Erythrina mulungu (Mart. ex. Benth

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    Elenice de Cassia Conforto

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se escolher os melhores tratamentos pré-germinativos para as sementes e tamanhos de recipiente para o desenvolvimento inicial de plantas de Erythrina mulungu (Mart. ex. Benth. Dentre os tratamentos aplicados, a escarificação com ácido sulfúrico por 10 minutos e o corte com estilete na região oposta ao hilo resultaram, respectivamente, nos maiores resultados de porcentagem de germinação (82,8% e 82,1% e índices de velocidade de germinação (1,15 e 1,71. Não foram observados efeitos do tamanho do recipiente sobre a área foliar e a produção de massa seca das plantas. Aos 63 dias após a semeadura, embora com índice de qualidade de Dickson estatisticamente similares (média de 0,26, somente as plantas cultivadas nos recipientes pequenos e grandes atingiram o diâmetro de coleto próximo de 5 mm, valor mínimo recomendado para o plantio em campo. Assim, para o desenvolvimento inicial desta espécie, recomenda-se o pré-tratamento das sementes com ácido sulfúrico comercial, semeadura em sacos plásticos para mudas de 17 x 20 cm, e aguardo de 63 dias até o plantio em campo.

  16. Modelo para estimar a área foliar de Combretum leprosum Mart.

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    Willame dos Santos Candido

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Combretum leprosum Mart. -Combretaceae es un arbusto utilizado en la medicina popular del noreste de Brasil como antiulceroso, antihemorrágica y antinociceptiva. En este estudio se desarrolló un modelo para el cálculo de área foliar de Combretum leprosum usando mediciones lineales de longitud (C y ancho máximo (L de la hoja. Se recolectaron 200 láminas de hojas de una población de C. leprosum nativo en un área de conservación de la Caatinga en el campus de la Universidad Federal Rural de la Semi árido en Mossoro, Rio Grande do Norte. Las hojas se obtuvieron de árboles adultos y el área foliar se midió utilizando un integrador (LI-3100, LI-COR. El análisis de regresión se hizo con el programa SAEG. Para estimar el área foliar de C. leprosum se puede utilizar la ecuación lineal simple de regresión A = 0.7103 x (C x L, que es equivalente a tomar 71.03% de los productos de la longitud a lo largo de la nervadura central y el ancho máximo, con un coeficiente de determinación de 0.952617.

  17. METHODS FOR OVERCOMING SEED DORMANCY AND THE INITIAL GROWTH OF Ziziphus joazeiro Mart. IN DIFFERENT SOILS

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    JOSENARA DAIANE DE SOUZA COSTA

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Considering the potential and importance of biodiversity of the Caatinga biome, studies on endemic species are relevant to conservation of its natural resources. The objectives of this work was to evaluate seed viability and physical methods for overcoming seed dormancy in juazeiro (Ziziphus joazeiro Mart. and assess the influence of different types of soil on the initial growth of juazeiro plants. The experiments were conducted in three stages. In the first stage, the viability of seeds from different lots was evaluated using the tetrazolium test. The second stage was conducted in a plant nursery, evaluating the application of physical processes (scarification with sandpaper and hammer in overcoming seed dormancy, and the initial growth of the plants. In the third step, the chlorophyll a and b contents, gas exchange and dry matter accumulation were evaluated in young juazeiro plants in three types of soil (Oxisol, Entisol and Vertisol. The results indicate that the viability of juazeiro seeds is greatly influenced by differences between the progenitor plants and by storage conditions, which enable a longevity of two years when stored at 22°C and 16% of relative humidity. The scarification methods with sandpaper and hammer are not efficient to reduce the time and uniform seed germination. The juazeiro plants have high growth potential in different edaphic environments, adapting well to soils of different textures and chemical compositions.

  18. Nitrogen-fixing bacteria and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in Piptadenia gonoacantha (Mart. Macbr.

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    Joel Quintino de Oliveira Júnior

    Full Text Available Abstract The family Leguminosae comprises approximately 20,000 species that mostly form symbioses with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF and nitrogen-fixing bacteria (NFB. This study is aimed at investigating and confirming the dependence on nodulation and biological nitrogen fixation in the specie Piptadenia gonoacantha (Mart. Macbr., which belongs to the Piptadenia group. Two consecutive experiments were performed in a greenhouse. The experiments were fully randomized with six replicates and a factorial scheme. For the treatments, the two AMF species and three NFB strains were combined to nodulate P. gonoacantha in addition to the control treatments. The results indicate this species’ capacity for nodulation without the AMF; however, the AMF + NFB combinations yielded a considerable gain in P. gonoacantha shoot weight compared with the treatments that only included inoculating with bacteria or AMF. The results also confirm that the treatment effects among the AMF + NFB combinations produced different shoot dry weight/root dry weight ratios. We conclude that AMF is not necessary for nodulation and that this dependence improves species development because plant growth increases upon co-inoculation.

  19. Physiological responses of Alternanthera philoxeroides (Mart.) Griseb leaves to cadmium stress

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ding Bingzhong; Shi Guoxin; Xu Ye; Hu Jinzhao; Xu Qinsong

    2007-01-01

    Aquatic macrophytes were found to be the potential scavengers of heavy metals from aquatic environment. In this study, several physiological responses of Alternanthera philoxeroides (Mart.) Griseb leaves to elevated concentrations of cadmium (up to 10 mM) were investigated. It was found that A. philoxeroides was able to accumulate cadmium in its leaves. The pigment contents decreased with the increase of the Cd concentrations. The Cd could induce rise of the activity of peroxidase (POD) at lower concentration (<5 mM), however, when the concentration of Cd rose up to 10 mM, the POD activity declined. The changes of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and Catalase (CAT) activities were exactly opposite to that of POD. In the leaves of Cd-treated fronds, the amounts of three polypeptides with apparent molecular weights 80, 39 and 28 kDa, respectively, were became visible in SDS-PAGE. The nature of these polypeptides remains to be determined. - Cd modified a number of physiological processes and particularly chlorophyll degradation

  20. Schinus terebinthifolius raddi (Aroeira) and Orbignya phalerata mart. (Babassu) effect in cecorrahphy healing in rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scheibe, Christian Lamar; Ribas-Filho, Jurandir Marcondes; Czeczko, Nicolau Gregori; Malafaia, Osvaldo; Barboza, Luiz Eduardo Durães; Ribas, Fernanda Marcondes; Wendler, Eduardo; Torres, Orlando; Lovato, Fernanda Christo; Scapini, João Guilherme Seifert

    2016-06-01

    To evaluate the effect of Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi (aroeira) and Orbignya phalerata Mart. (babassu) in the healing process of cecorrhaphy in rats. : Fifty four rats were used, distributed into three groups randomly: aroeira, babassu and control, which were divided into three subgroups (six animals) according to the time of the deaths (7, 14, 21 days). All underwent the same surgical procedure, cecotomy and cecorrhaphy. The animals in group aroeira and babassu received daily dose of 100 mg/kg of hydroalcoholic extract and 50 mg/kg of aquous extract respectively, by gavage. The control group received only saline solution. The parameters evaluated were: macroscopic changes, ,resistance test to air insufflations and histological changes. : All animals showed good healing without infection. All groups presented adhesions between cecum and neighboring organs. The resistance test insufflating of atmospheric air showed progressive increase of pressure according to the days in the aroeira group, and decrease in babassu group, without significant difference. Microscopy showed significant difference in the polymorphonuclear, hyperemia, angiogenesis, fibroblast proliferation and collagen histological variables in the 14th day. : Hydroalcoholic extract of aroeira and the aqueous extract of babassu favored the healing process in cecorrhaphy in rats.

  1. Antibacterial and antioxidant activities and acute toxicity of Bumelia sartorum Mart., Sapotaceae, a Brazilian medicinal plant

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    Halliny S. Ruela

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available In order to validate the Bumelia sartorum Mart., Sapotaceae, traditional use for infection diseases, this study evaluates the antibacterial activity of the stem bark fractions against methicillin-sensitive (MSSA and methicillin-resistant (MRSA Staphylococcus aureus strains by using the agar dilution method and reported as MIC (minimal inhibitory concentration. In addition, the DPPH scavenging activity of these fractions was measured and the chemical composition and acute toxicity of the active fraction were also determined. The ethyl acetate (EtOAc extract was chemically analyzed by LC/MS, direct ionization APCI/MS, ¹H NMR and 13C-NMR. All fractions, except butanol extract, presented high antioxidant activity, especially the methanol and the EtOAc extracts, which showed EC50 values (5.67 and 5.30 µg/mL, respectively considerably lower than the Gingko-standard EGb 761® (38.58 µg/mL. The antibacterial activity against S. aureus strains was observed in EtOAc (MIC 256-512 µg/mL, which showed a very low toxicity. The chemical study of this fraction revealed the abundant presence of polyphenolic compounds. The antibacterial and antioxidant activities reported in this paper for EtOAc extract from B. sartorum and the low toxicity of this fraction opens the possibility that it could be helpful for the developing of new antibacterial agents for treating S. aureus infections.

  2. Importancia agroecológica del coyul (Acrocomia mexicana Karw. ex Mart.

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    Blanca C. Ramírez Hernández

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Acrocomia mexicana Karw. ex Mart. es una especie que se extiende desde el Pacífico mexicano hasta Centro y Sudamérica. El fruto (coyul es apreciado desde la época prehispánica, sin embargo, su consumo ha disminuido frente a otros frutos nativos y así como de los introducidos con mayor aceptación en el mercado. Se realizó un estudio en San Blas, Nayarit, México, en el que se llevó a cabo la caracterización de un agroecosistema típico donde se explotan poblaciones silvestres y cultivadas de coyul de forma tradicional y se resaltó la importancia económica, ecológica y cultural de la especie. Asimismo, se realizó la caracterización fisicoquímica del fruto; la pulpa y la semilla son fuente principalmente de grasas. De esta especie se pueden obtener subproductos tales como aceites comestibles, alimento para ganado, artesanías, entre otros; igualmente se exponen alternativas de uso llevadas a cabo por otras regiones y países que puedan conducir a conservar espacios ecológicos y culturales.

  3. Pharmacological studies of ethanolic extracts of Maytenus rigida Mart (Celastraceae in animal models

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    Vanda Lucia dos Santos

    Full Text Available The crude ethanol extract (EEOH of the bark of Maytenus rigida Mart (Celastraceae a plant used in Brazil herbal traditional medicine, was tested for anti-inflammatory, antiulcer and antidiarrhoeal activities in animal models. No acute toxicological sign was observed in animals treated with the highest dose (5000 mg/kg, p.o. or 2000 mg/kg i.p. of EEOH. The extract doses of 250, 500 or 750 mg/kg revealed a significant inhibitory effect (P < 0,01 in carrageenin-induced rat paw oedema and exhibited ulcer-protective properties against ethanol-induced ulceration in rats. An anti-diarrhoeal activity (P < 0.01 was also observed in castor-oil-induced diarrhoeal in mice. The intestinal transit was significantly (P < 0.01 reduced, however the pretreatment did not reduce the weight of intestinal contents. These results support the popular applications of Maytenus rigida for the treatment of inflammation, ulcer and diarrhoea in Brazil herbal traditional medicine.

  4. Mutagenicity and antimutagenicity of Salacia crassifolia (mart. Ex. Schult. G. Don. evaluated by Ames test

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    C. C. Carneiro

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Salacia crassifolia (Mart. Ex. Schult. G. Don. is a bush which belongs to Celastraceae family and occurs specially in Brazilian Cerrado. Its leaves, stem, seeds and fruits are popularly used for several medicinal purposes, such as antitumoral, antirheumatic, anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial. In this study, the mutagenic and antimutagenic activities of S. crassifolia stem bark fractions (hexane, ethyl acetate and hydroalcoholic were evaluated by the Ames mutagenicity assay in Salmonella typhimurium TA98 and TA100 strains. By the obtained results, all S. crassifolia fractions did not significantly increase the number of prototrophic revertants for histidine (His+ in both S. typhimurium strains tested (p > 0.05, suggesting absence of mutagenicity. Regarding antimutagenicity, the fractions ethyl acetate and hydroalcoholic significantly decreased the number of His+ revertants colonies induced by positive control for strain TA98 (p < 0.05, demonstrating protection against mutagenicity induced by 4-nitroquinolile1-oxide, whereas the hexane fraction did not show antimutagenic effect in this strain. In the TA100 strain, all fractions of S. crassifolia protected DNA against the harmful action of sodium azide, and the hexane fraction exhibited the greatest protection in this work. Thus, it’s possible conclude that the fractions of S. crassifolia tested in this study could be used in chemoprevention.

  5. Chemical composition and antioxidant activity of jatobá-do-cerrado (Hymenaea stigonocarpa Mart. flour

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    Cintia Pereira Da Silva

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The Brazilian Savannah, known as "Cerrado," has an extensive biodiversity, but it is under explored. Among the native vegetables is the jatobá-do-cerrado (Hymenaea stigonocarpa Mart., a legume with great potential for exploration for its content of dietary fiber. Legumes are an important source of nutrient compounds, such as phenolic compounds and vitamins that have antioxidant properties. This study aimed at determining the chemical composition and antioxidant activity of the jatobá flour. The jatobá flour showed high fiber content (insoluble and soluble fiber 47.8 and 12.8 g.100 g- 1, respectively, significant amounts of carotenoids such as beta-carotene and lutein, and some minerals such as calcium: 145 mg.100 g- 1, magnesium: 125 mg.100 g- 1, and potassium: 1352 mg.100 g- 1. The jatobá flour extracted with different solvents (water, methanol, and acetone exhibited antioxidant activity by the DPPH, FRAP, and ORAC methods. The solvent used in the extraction affected the total phenolic content and antioxidant activity. Acetone extraction produced the best results. Therefore, the jatobá flour is an ingredient that can be used to develop new products with properties that promote health.

  6. Chemical Constituents and Evaluation of Antimicrobial and Cytotoxic Activities of Kielmeyera coriacea Mart. & Zucc. Essential Oils

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    Carla de M. Martins

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Many essential oils (EOs of different plant species possess interesting antimicrobial effects on buccal microorganisms and cytotoxic properties. EOs of Kielmeyera coriacea Mart. & Zucc. were analyzed by gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (GC-MS. The EO from leaves is rich in sesquiterpenes hydrocarbons and oxygenated sesquiterpenes. The three major compounds identified were germacrene-D (24.2%, (E-caryophyllene (15.5%, and bicyclogermacrene (11.6%. The inner bark EO is composed mainly of sesquiterpenes hydrocarbons and the major components are alpha-copaene (14.9% and alpha-(E-bergamotene (13.0%. The outer bark EO is composed mainly of oxygenated sesquiterpenes and long-chain alkanes, and the major components are alpha-eudesmol (4.2% and nonacosane (5.8%. The wood EO is mainly composed of long-chain alkanes and fatty acids, and the major components are nonacosane (9.7% and palmitic acid (16.2%. The inner bark EO showed the strongest antimicrobial activity against the anaerobic bacteria Prevotella nigrescens (minimum inhibitory concentration-MIC of 50 µg mL−1. The outer bark and wood EOs showed MICs of 100 µg mL−1 for all aerobic microorganisms tested. The EOs presented low toxicity to Vero cells. These results suggest that K. coriacea, a Brazilian plant, provide initial evidence of a new and alternative source of substances with medicinal interest.

  7. Application of low doses of ionizing radiation in the Brazilian fruit tucuma (Astrocaryum vulgare Mart.)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lima, Antonio Luis dos Santos; Lima, Keila dos Santos Cople; Araujo, Leandro Moreira; Gody, Ronoel Luiz de Oliveira; Pacheco, Sidney

    2011-01-01

    The tucuma (Astrocaryum vulgare Mart.) is a native fruit of Amazonia, occurring mainly in the state of Para, but also found in the Brazilian northeast states and in the Brazilian central-western states. The tucuma is considered an excellent source of carotenoids with a very high concentration of β-carotene, which is a precursor of vitamin A. In addition to carotenoids it is an important source of vitamin B2 (riboflavin) in fruits. This study aimed to analyze the effects of gamma radiation on the nutritional value of tucuma. The fruits were irradiated at doses of 0.5, 1.0 and 2.0 kGy irradiator with a source of cesium 137. The carotenoids were determined by spectrophotometry. The analysis of α and β-carotene, thiamine, riboflavin were carried out by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The β-carotene accounts for 80% of total carotenoids in tucuma, and with a dose of 2 kGy, it showed the highest reduction of β-carotene, about 7.5% in relation to the control. The tucuma fruit showed high levels of riboflavin from 0.183 to 0.222 μg 100 g -1 , and maintained stability after the gamma radiation process. However, it had low levels of thiamine from 0.050 to 0.033 μg 100 g -1 , and irradiated at a dose of 2 kGy showed significant reductions of thiamine, about 34% in relation to the control. (author)

  8. Substâncias ergásticas foliares de espécies amazônicas de Oenocarpus Mart. (Arecaceae: caracterização histoquímica e ultra-estrutural Leaf ergastic substances of Amazonian species of Oenocarpus Mart. (Arecaceae: histochemical and ultrastructural characterization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rolf Junior Ferreira Silva

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available O presente estudo teve por objetivo diagnosticar e caracterizar as substâncias ergásticas foliares de Oenocarpus bacaba Mart., O. distichus Mart., O. mapora H. Karst. e O. minor Mart. através de microscopias óptica e eletrônica de varredura, análises histoquímicas e microanálises físicas. Secções transversais e longitudinais, assim como maceração foram realizadas em material botânico fixado. As análises histoquímicas foram empregadas em material botânico in natura, seguindo-se protocolos específicos para mucilagem, amido e sílica. Microanálises físicas foram feitas com Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy (EDS detector. Nas espécies estudadas de Oenocarpus Mart., as substâncias ergásticas foliares correspondem a mucilagem amorfa; grãos de amido poliédricos do tipo simples e sílica opalina sob a forma de corpos elípticos e esféricos-globosos de superfície espiculada, ambos com elevado teor de dióxido de silício. As observações microscópicas, os testes histoquímicos e as microanálises físicas permitiram diagnosticar, caracterizar e elucidar a estrutura e ultra-estrutura das substâncias ergásticas ocorrentes nas folhas dos táxons analisados de Oenocarpus Mart.The purpose of this study was to diagnose and characterize the leaf ergastic substance of Oenocarpus bacaba Mart., O. distichus Mart., O. mapora H. Karst. and O. minor Mart. by light and scanning electron microscopy, histochemical analyses and physical microanalyses. Transverse and longitudinal sections as well as maceration were made in fixed botanical material. The histochemical analyses were made in non-fixed botanical material, using specific tests for mucilage, starch and silica. An Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy (EDS detector was used for the physical microanalyses. In the Oenocarpus Mart. species studied, the leaf ergastic substances corresponded to amorphous mucilage, simple-type polyhedrical starch grain and opaline silica in the shape of elliptical

  9. Data mart construction based on semantic annotation of scientific articles: A case study for the prioritization of drug targets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teixeira, Marlon Amaro Coelho; Belloze, Kele Teixeira; Cavalcanti, Maria Cláudia; Silva-Junior, Floriano P

    2018-04-01

    Semantic text annotation enables the association of semantic information (ontology concepts) to text expressions (terms), which are readable by software agents. In the scientific scenario, this is particularly useful because it reveals a lot of scientific discoveries that are hidden within academic articles. The Biomedical area has more than 300 ontologies, most of them composed of over 500 concepts. These ontologies can be used to annotate scientific papers and thus, facilitate data extraction. However, in the context of a scientific research, a simple keyword-based query using the interface of a digital scientific texts library can return more than a thousand hits. The analysis of such a large set of texts, annotated with such numerous and large ontologies, is not an easy task. Therefore, the main objective of this work is to provide a method that could facilitate this task. This work describes a method called Text and Ontology ETL (TOETL), to build an analytical view over such texts. First, a corpus of selected papers is semantically annotated using distinct ontologies. Then, the annotation data is extracted, organized and aggregated into the dimensional schema of a data mart. Besides the TOETL method, this work illustrates its application through the development of the TaP DM (Target Prioritization data mart). This data mart has focus on the research of gene essentiality, a key concept to be considered when searching for genes showing potential as anti-infective drug targets. This work reveals that the proposed approach is a relevant tool to support decision making in the prioritization of new drug targets, being more efficient than the keyword-based traditional tools. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  10. La poesía como vaso comunicante entre los Cuadernos de apuntes de José Martí y los de José Lezama Lima

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caridad Atencio

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo estudia los llamados Diarios del poeta José Lezama Lima, que recogen anotaciones suyas entre los años 1939-1949 y entre 1956-1958, para analizar cómo se refleja en ambos textos el interés por la poesía y la reflexión acerca de la misma. Sus anotaciones son comparadas con las de José Martí, percibiendo que mientras que la poesía era para Martí la forma suprema de la literatura, para Lezama llegó a ser un método de conocimiento de la realidad, la categoría central a la que conduce su pensamiento estético. Se pretende demostrar además cómo Lezama parte de las ideas de Martí sobre la poesía para llegar a tener ideas propias y luego trascendentes.   This article studies what are known as the Diaries of poet José Lezama Lima, in which his notes taken between 1939-1949 and 1956-1958 are gathered in order to analyze how both texts reflect his interest towards poetry as well as his reflections about it. His notes are compared with those of José Martí, revealing the fact that whereas for Martí, poetry was the supreme manifestation of literature; Lezama saw it as a method for acquiring knowledge of reality, the central category to which his aesthetic thinking leads. An attempt is made to further showcase the fact that Lezama starts off with Martí's ideas about poetry in order to later develop his own, which would at a later date become transcendental.

  11. Biting midges (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae from Martín García Island, Argentina

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    María M Ronderos

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Nearly 230 species of biting midges have been recorded or described from Argentina; 38 of them are known from the Buenos Aires province and only one is cited from Martín García Island. This paper presents the results raised from six collecting trips which took place on the island during spring 2005, summer 2006 and autumn 2009. Diverse sampling sites including permanent and temporary aquatic environments were chosen, most of the ten sampling sites were ponds of diverse origin, some of these environments were covered with floating vegetation as Lemna gibba, Lemna minuscule, Salvinia biloba, Salvinia minima, Azolla filiculoides, Limnobium laevigatum, Pistia stratiotes, Spirodela intermedia, Wolffiella oblonga and Wolffia columbiana. Other sites were placed in urban and suburban areas. Adults were collected with sweep nets at sunrise and sunset and with light traps at intervals of four to five hours at night, depending on electricity availability on the island. Larvae and pupae were collected with different implements depending on characteristics of each surveyed aquatic habitat. In free standing water, they were captured with small sieves or hand pipettes and micropipettes, flotation techniques were utilized for sampling vegetated areas, free and rooted floating hydrophytes were extracted for removing insects among them. Thirteen species of Ceratopogonidae were collected, three of Atrichopogon Kieffer, three of Forcipomyia Meigen, two of Dasyhelea Kieffer, four of Culicoides Latreille, and one of Bezzia Kieffer, all representing new records from the island. Rev. Biol. Trop. 59 (3: 1183-1194. Epub 2011 September 01.Alrededor de 230 especies de ceratopogónidos han sido registradas o descritas en Argentina, 38 de ellas son conocidas para la provincia de Buenos Aires y sólo una ha sido previamente citada para la Isla Martín García. En este trabajo se presentan los resultados obtenidos a partir de muestreos realizados en seis viajes a la isla

  12. Catolé palm (Syagrus oleracea Mart fruits: fatty and amino acids composition

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    Moreira, Rosalynd V. R.

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available Catolé Palm (Syagrus oleracea Mart Fruits were analysed for their chemical composition. The pulp and kernel portions contained 0.7 and 40.0% lipids. Freshly extracted kernel oil showed a small concentration (0.4 meq/kg of peroxides but did not contain free fatty acids. The iodine and saponification values were 27.4 and 226, respectively. A large qualitative as well as quantitative difference in the fatty acid composition between the catolé pulp and kernel oil was observed. Fifteen and 19 fatty acids were identified in the pulp and kernel oil, respectively. These oils contained 48.9 and 73.2 % saturated fatty acids. The principal saturated fatty acids of the pulp oil was palmitic (C16 acid, while that of kernel oil was lauric (C12 acid. Oleic acid was the main monounsaturated fatty acid in both oils. In pulp oil, linoleic (C18:2 and linolenic (C18:3 were present at 23.5 and 11,3% concentrations, while kernel oil contained only linoleic acid (3.59%. In relation to amino acid composition of proteins, pulp proteins presented better amino acid profile than kernel proteins. In pulp proteins, the essential amino acids were present at concentrations higher than recommended by FAO except for methionine and lysine, while kernel proteins were deficient in all essential amino acids except phenylalanine, isoleucine and threonine.Los frutos de la Palmera catolé (Syagrus oleracea Mart fueron analizados para determinar su composición química. Las fracciones de la pulpa y almendra contenían 0,7 y 40.0 % de lípidos. El aceite de almendra fresca mostró una pequeña concentración de peróxidos pero no presentó ácidos grasos libres. El índice de iodo y de saponificación fueron 27,4 y 226, respectivamente. Fue observada una gran diferencia cualitativa como también cuantitativa en la composición de ácidos grasos entre el aceite de la pulpa y de la almendra. 15 y 19 ácidos grasos fueron identificados en el aceite de la pulpa y de la almendra

  13. Gamma radiation influence in physical and chemical characteristics of Bacaba Oil (Oenocarpus bacaba Mart.)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fonseca, Hugo Maia; Santos, Camila Oliveira dos; Cruz, Luis Paulo Adami; Arthur, Valter; Souza, Adriana Regia Marques de

    2015-01-01

    The bacaba (Oenocarpus bacaba Mart.) is a fruit originating from the Amazon forest, and its oil has similarity to the fatty acid composition of olive oil. The objective of this study was to evaluate the quality of bacaba oil submitted to gamma radiation in the of 5, 10 and 15 kGy. The extracted oil was irradiated at doses of 5, 10 and 15 kGy, and then the physical and chemical analysis were carried out: acid value, peroxide value, iodine value, refractive index, specific gravity, saponification value, coefficient specific extinction at 232 and 270 nm and color. Was possible to evidence that radiation promoted decrease in acidity of the oil 26.67%, 27.27% and 9.09%, respectively, at the doses of 5, 10 and 15 kGy, in relation to oil which has not gone through the process (standard). The values of specific gravity, refractive index and saponification value, have not changed, but the result of peroxides were significantly affected, increasing by 51.99%, 100.44% and 89.40% values relative to the standard. It was also observed a significant increase in K232 and K270 values, suggesting increased oxidation products, conjugated dienes and trienes. The oil color has been affected by the doses, generating a product with a more yellowish color and increased brightness. That way, from the analysis, it concluded that the use of gamma radiation at the doses used were not sufficient to make it, in the short term, unsafe for consumption, but changed substantially oil color. (author)

  14. El origen glaciar de la aureola del volcán Arsia Mons, Marte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anguita Virella, F.

    1994-08-01

    Full Text Available Huge lobate deposits called aureoles are covering the base of the giant Martian volcanic constructs of Tharsis dome. The origin of these structures has been a matter of debate between two competing hypotheses: volcanic landslides or mountain glaciers. Here we consider the most important of the aureoles, near Arsia Mons, concluding that the glacier model explains best the deposit features, such as the layering, the ridges (interpreted as glaciotectonic ones, and the lobated terrain. We then discuss the fit of these proposed glacier deposits in the present paleoclimatic Martian models. The aureoles could be key elements in the confirmation of the «Baker cycle» model of repeated episodes of temperate, humid, sea-dominated climates coincident in time with the outflow channels activity.Al pie de los grandes volcanes marcianos del domo de Tharsis aparecen unas formas lobuladas que han recibido el nombre de aureolas. El origen de estas estructuras ha sido objeto de un largo debate entre dos hipótesis principales que las interpretan como deslizamientos de ladera o como glaciares de montaña. En este trabajo se estudia la mejor desarrollada de estas aureolas, la de Arsia Mons, llegándose a la conclusión de que la hipótesis glaciar explica mejor las características del depósito, y en concreto la existencia de estratificación, las crestas (que se interpretan como glaciotectónicas y los terrenos lobulados. Por último se discute la conexión de estos depósitos con los modelos paleoclimáticos actuales sobre Marte, lo que lleva a la conclusión de que las aureolas deben ser depósitos glaciares recientes relacionados con repetidos episodios de clima cálido (ciclos de Baker, provocados por la acción de los canales de desbordamiento.

  15. Fenologia reprodutiva e qualidade das sementes de Cabralea canjerana (Vell. Mart

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marciele Felippi

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available A madeira de Cabralea canjerana (Vell. Mart. (canjerana é de elevada qualidade, sendo indicada para confecção de móveis e construção civil, além de possuir importância paisagística. O objetivo no presente estudo foi caracterizar a fenologia reprodutiva de canjerana, além de verificar os aspectos físicos e fisiológicos das sementes de diferentes árvores matrizes localizadas em remanescentes, no Município de Frederico Westphalen, RS. Durante três anos foram realizadas observações fenológicas mensais, em 20 indivíduos arbóreos, e após a coleta dos frutos maduros, as sementes foram analisadas no Laboratório de Silvicultura da Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, RS, comparando-se matrizes por meio do peso de mil sementes, teor de água, porcentagem e velocidade de germinação e emergência. A floração de C. canjerana é anual, persistindo de agosto a dezembro, sendo possível encontrar botões florais, concomitantemente com frutos em desenvolvimento e maduros. Os frutos iniciam a dispersão no mês de setembro, podendo ser coletados em amplo período (setembro a março e frutos aparentemente maduros, em diferentes árvores matrizes, não garantem elevado poder germinativo às sementes de C. canjerana.

  16. Martí, su presencia en la Universidad Médica

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    Yoandry Martínez Guevara

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Hace más de una década el Ministerio de Educación Superior puso como meta para la Universidad Cubana, la formación de profesionales más integrales, humanistas y capaces de cumplir conscientemente su función social. A primera vista el desafío parecía solucionable desde nuestras aulas en algunos años, el tesón y la calidad de nuestros profesores se convertía entonces en el arma protagónica de aquella lucha. La verdad fue que cada aula se convirtió en un campo de batalla. Las Universidades de Ciencias Médicas tuvieron el reto particular de que la formación de sus educandos debía responder no solo a las necesidades de nuestra sociedad, sino también a las sociedades latinoamericanas, africanas y luego, a los de cualquier parte del mundo donde fueran necesarios sus empeños. Ese médico que hoy viste celosamente su bata, es el resultado de miles de horas hombre entre docentes y personal asistencial de la salud para formar a un profesional capaz y responsable, pero sobre todo embajador de lo mejor de nuestras costumbres y nuestra identidad. No es solo un profesional bien preparado en su especialidad. Es digno representante de lo que Martí llamó “hombres de luz”, capaces de poner esperanza y seguridad allí donde otros sólo habían dejado lágrimas. Durante los últimos cinco años, nuestra salud pública enfrenta la peor fuga de cerebros de las últimas cuatro décadas; lo que pudiera representar una crisis en cualquier sociedad occidental que pondría en jaque la estabilidad sistémica, en nuestro país se enfrenta con inteligencia. No dejan de ser cubanos aquellos que por mejores condiciones de vida abandonan a los suyos, o los que por perseguir el sueño estrellado terminan puliendo pisos o de jardineros en las grandes capitales del mundo. La solución está en nuestras aulas, en poner en manos de los estudiantes las herramientas que le permitan ponerse del lado de los que menos tienen y aprendan a amar su profesión por

  17. De mitos y realidades (respuesta a Luciano Martínez

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Luis Coraggio

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo constituye la respuesta del autor al comentario crítico realizado, en esta misma sección, por Luciano Martínez, en la pasada edición. El autor sostiene que la economía social y solidaria como un ámbito en construcción, que alberga a diversas vertientes que intentan avanzar hacia otra economía. Este carácter si bien puede albergar dudas, no debe transformase en un fatalismo inmovilizador, que permite la actualización constante del libre mercado como institución hegemónica. Antes que una utopía a denunciar desde una visión “realista”, se trata de construir una economía que combine mecanismos de mercado regulados socio-políticamente y relaciones de reciprocidad y redistribución. El texto explora, en pos de la argumentación, algunos de los elementos que conforman la economía social y solidaria.This article represents the author's response to critical commentary made in this section in the last edition by Luciano Martinez. The author maintains that the social and solidarity economy is a sphere under construction, in which several strands can be found. All of these approaches aim to move towards a different type of economy. This character as a developing realm can prompt doubts; this, however, should not lead to a paralyzing fatalism which allows the constant updating of the free market as a hegemonic institution. Far from a utopia to be denounced from a “realistic” viewpoint of economy, its concerns the construction of an economy that combines socio-politically regulated market mechanisms as well as relations of reciprocity and redistribution. The text also explores some of the elements that make up the solidarity and social economy.

  18. Gamma radiation influence in physical and chemical characteristics of Bacaba Oil (Oenocarpus bacaba Mart.)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fonseca, Hugo Maia; Santos, Camila Oliveira dos; Cruz, Luis Paulo Adami, E-mail: hmaiaf@gmail.com [Universidade Federal do Tocantins (UFT), Palmas, TO (Brazil); Arthur, Valter, E-mail: arthur@cena.usp.br [Centro de Energia Nuclear na Agricultura (CENA/USP), Piracicaba, SP (Brazil). Lab. de Irradiacao de Alimentos e Radioentomologia; Souza, Adriana Regia Marques de, E-mail: adriana.souza@pq.cnpq.br [Universidade Federal de Goias (UFGO), Goiania, GO (Brazil). Escola de Agronomia

    2015-07-01

    The bacaba (Oenocarpus bacaba Mart.) is a fruit originating from the Amazon forest, and its oil has similarity to the fatty acid composition of olive oil. The objective of this study was to evaluate the quality of bacaba oil submitted to gamma radiation in the of 5, 10 and 15 kGy. The extracted oil was irradiated at doses of 5, 10 and 15 kGy, and then the physical and chemical analysis were carried out: acid value, peroxide value, iodine value, refractive index, specific gravity, saponification value, coefficient specific extinction at 232 and 270 nm and color. Was possible to evidence that radiation promoted decrease in acidity of the oil 26.67%, 27.27% and 9.09%, respectively, at the doses of 5, 10 and 15 kGy, in relation to oil which has not gone through the process (standard). The values of specific gravity, refractive index and saponification value, have not changed, but the result of peroxides were significantly affected, increasing by 51.99%, 100.44% and 89.40% values relative to the standard. It was also observed a significant increase in K232 and K270 values, suggesting increased oxidation products, conjugated dienes and trienes. The oil color has been affected by the doses, generating a product with a more yellowish color and increased brightness. That way, from the analysis, it concluded that the use of gamma radiation at the doses used were not sufficient to make it, in the short term, unsafe for consumption, but changed substantially oil color. (author)

  19. Food and beverage purchases in corner stores, gas-marts, pharmacies and dollar stores.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caspi, Caitlin E; Lenk, Kathleen; Pelletier, Jennifer E; Barnes, Timothy L; Harnack, Lisa; Erickson, Darin J; Laska, Melissa N

    2017-10-01

    Little is known about customer purchases of foods and beverages from small and non-traditional food retailers (i.e. corner stores, gas-marts, dollar stores and pharmacies). The present study aimed to: (i) describe customer characteristics, shopping frequency and reasons for shopping at small and non-traditional food retailers; and (ii) describe food/beverage purchases and their nutritional quality, including differences across store type. Data were collected through customer intercept interviews. Nutritional quality of food/beverage purchases was analysed; a Healthy Eating Index-2010 (HEI-2010) score for purchases was created by aggregating participant purchases at each store. Small and non-traditional food stores that were not WIC-authorized in Minneapolis and St. Paul, MN, USA. Customers (n 661) from 105 food retailers. Among participants, 29 % shopped at the store at least once daily; an additional 44 % shopped there at least once weekly. Most participants (74 %) cited convenient location as the primary draw to the store. Customers purchased a median of 2262 kJ (540 kcal), which varied by store type (P=0·04). The amount of added sugar far surpassed national dietary recommendations. At dollar stores, participants purchased a median of 5302 kJ (1266 kcal) for a median value of $US 2·89. Sugar-sweetened beverages were the most common purchase. The mean HEI-2010 score across all stores was 36·4. Small and non-traditional food stores contribute to the urban food environment. Given the poor nutritional quality of purchases, findings support the need for interventions that address customer decision making in these stores.

  20. José Martí within the ethical-humanistic formation of future health care professionals

    OpenAIRE

    Torres Armenteros, Ana Lidia; Pérez Alfonso, Yohaysa; Chávez Hernández, Sura

    2010-01-01

    Este trabajo tiene el objetivo de elevar la contribución de la asignatura Filosofía y Salud a la formación ético-humanista de los estudiantes de Medicina, tomando como paradigma el legado de José Martí. El estudio recoge el tratamiento conceptual acerca de la ética, la ética médica, la moral, y el humanismo como concepción filosófica, así como vías para insertar creativamente el pensamiento humanista martiano en la asignatura, utilizando pasajes, testimonios y citas de sus obras. Más adelante...

  1. Research on the daily activity of the stone marten (Martes foina erxl. in anthropogenically influenced habitats in Bulgaria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Georgi S. Dudin

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The study was done on a kind of a small predator by digital photo cameras in three remote geographic areas. There have been 709 photos of stone marten (Martes foina, of which 518 in Sinite Kamani Nature Park, 118 in State Hunting Department "Chepino" and 75 in anthropogenically influenced habitats in the villages of Byga and Isperihovo. By analyzing the daily activity of the species is recorded night or twilight activity between 17 and 7:00 hours (morning, evening or night. In the time interval between 07-17 during the day, the activity of the type is not registered.

  2. Law in the Labor Movement's Challenge to Wal-Mart: A Case Study of the Inglewood Site Fight

    OpenAIRE

    Cummings, Scott L

    2007-01-01

    This Article studies the role of law in the successful community-labor challenge to Wal-Mart’s first proposed Los Angeles-area Supercenter in the working-class city of Inglewood. It focuses on the use of legal and legislative challenges to mobilize opposition to Wal-Mart’s Inglewood initiative—a technique known as the “site fight” because of its focus on blocking Wal-Mart at a specific location. The aims of this Article are twofold. First, it seeks to understand the site fight in relation ...

  3. CONSERVAÇÃO DE SEMENTES DE IPÊ-VERDE (Cybistax antisyphilitica Mart.) POR ARMAZENAMENTO À VÁCUO

    OpenAIRE

    Freitas, Marcela Nunes; Universidade Federal de Uberlândia; Santana, Denise Garcia; Universidade Federal de Uberlândia; Camargo, Reginaldo de; Universidade Federal de Uberlândia

    2012-01-01

    O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a eficiência do acondicionamento à vácuo de sementes de ipê-verde (Cybistax antisyphilitica Mart.) e suas conseqüências na germinação das sementes e na emergência de plântulas. Três experimentos independentes foram conduzidos simultaneamente, em gerbox, bandeja e rolo de papel, em delineamento inteiramente casualizado (DIC), em esquema de parcelas subdivididas no tempo com um tratamento adicional 3 x 3 +1, sendo o fator da parcela constituído pelas pressõ...

  4. Putting a Smiley Face on the Dragon: Wal-Mart as Catalyst to U.S.-China Trade

    OpenAIRE

    Emek Basker; Pham Hoang Van

    2005-01-01

    Retail chains and imports from developing countries have grown sharply over the past 25 years. Wal-Marts chain, which currently accounts for 10% of U.S. imports from China, grew 10-fold and its sales 90-fold over this period, while U.S. imports from China increased 30-fold. We relate these trends using a model in which scale economies in retail interact with scale economies in the import process. Combined, these scale economies amplify the effects of technological change and trade liberalizat...

  5. La influencia de Javier Marías en la traducción española de Martínez-Lage de Absalom, Absalom!

    OpenAIRE

    Alpuente Civera, Miguel; Marco Borillo, Josep; Martínez Vilinsky, Bárbara

    2013-01-01

    En el posfacio a su traducción de Absalom, Absalom!, Miguel Martínez-Lage declara haber tomado como «modelos estilísticos» a aquellos narradores en lengua española cuya prosa muestra sin lugar a dudas la influencia de Faulkner. En el presente artículo nos proponemos identificar, en primer lugar, los rasgos de estilo comunes a la traducción de Martínez-Lage y a uno de los modelos estilísticos mencionados –la novela Fiebre y lanza, de Javier Marías– y, en segundo lugar, los aspectos de la tradu...

  6. “Todo lo que sigue es sencillamente estupendo”. Escritoras en las cartas de Ezequiel Martínez Estrada a Victoria Ocampo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tania Diz

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available While Ezequiel Martínez Estrada writes Marta Riquelme, between his fiction and essays, and Victoria Ocampo begins to write her memories; it arises from both an emotional and intellectual relationship through letters along more than 15 years since the late '40s and until the death of Martinez Estrada in 1964. This article will discuss much of those letters with the intended to show that one of the central axes of the epistolary is the construction by Martínez Estrada, his interlocutor in a character: writer women who acquire multiple identities including Marta Riquelme looks.

  7. SOLID2: an antibody array-based life-detector instrument in a Mars Drilling Simulation Experiment (MARTE).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parro, Víctor; Fernández-Calvo, Patricia; Rodríguez Manfredi, José A; Moreno-Paz, Mercedes; Rivas, Luis A; García-Villadangos, Miriam; Bonaccorsi, Rosalba; González-Pastor, José Eduardo; Prieto-Ballesteros, Olga; Schuerger, Andrew C; Davidson, Mark; Gómez-Elvira, Javier; Stoker, Carol R

    2008-10-01

    A field prototype of an antibody array-based life-detector instrument, Signs Of LIfe Detector (SOLID2), has been tested in a Mars drilling mission simulation called MARTE (Mars Astrobiology Research and Technology Experiment). As one of the analytical instruments on the MARTE robotic drilling rig, SOLID2 performed automatic sample processing and analysis of ground core samples (0.5 g) with protein microarrays that contained 157 different antibodies. Core samples from different depths (down to 5.5 m) were analyzed, and positive reactions were obtained in antibodies raised against the Gram-negative bacterium Leptospirillum ferrooxidans, a species of the genus Acidithiobacillus (both common microorganisms in the Río Tinto area), and extracts from biofilms and other natural samples from the Río Tinto area. These positive reactions were absent when the samples were previously subjected to a high-temperature treatment, which indicates the biological origin and structural dependency of the antibody-antigen reactions. We conclude that an antibody array-based life-detector instrument like SOLID2 can detect complex biological material, and it should be considered as a potential analytical instrument for future planetary missions that search for life.

  8. TCRs Used in Cancer Gene Therapy Cross-React with MART-1/Melan-A Tumor Antigens via Distinct Mechanisms

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Borbulevych, Oleg Y.; Santhanagopolan, Sujatha M.; Hossain, Moushumi; Baker, Brian M. (Notre)

    2013-09-18

    T cells engineered to express TCRs specific for tumor Ags can drive cancer regression. The first TCRs used in cancer gene therapy, DMF4 and DMF5, recognize two structurally distinct peptide epitopes of the melanoma-associated MART-1/Melan-A protein, both presented by the class I MHC protein HLA-A*0201. To help understand the mechanisms of TCR cross-reactivity and provide a foundation for the further development of immunotherapy, we determined the crystallographic structures of DMF4 and DMF5 in complex with both of the MART-1/Melan-A epitopes. The two TCRs use different mechanisms to accommodate the two ligands. Although DMF4 binds the two with a different orientation, altering its position over the peptide/MHC, DMF5 binds them both identically. The simpler mode of cross-reactivity by DMF5 is associated with higher affinity toward both ligands, consistent with the superior functional avidity of DMF5. More generally, the observation of two diverging mechanisms of cross-reactivity with the same Ags and the finding that TCR-binding orientation can be determined by peptide alone extend our understanding of the mechanisms underlying TCR cross-reactivity.

  9. In Vitro Pollen Germination of Eichhornia crassipes (Mart. Solms: An Insight into its Preferred Mode of Clonal Reproduction

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    Somnath BHOWMIK

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Eichhornia crassipes (Mart. Solms is an aquatic invasive weed throughout the tropical and subtropical regions of the world. The plant rarely produces any fruit under natural condition In order to understand the causes of failure of seed set in this plant various aspect of pollen biology were studied. Pollen fertility and pollen viability was assessed using Muntzing� s mixture and in acetic orcein and TTZ, while pollen germination was assessed with different concentrations of sucrose supplemented with boric acid and Ca and Mg salts. The aim of present study was to find out the cause of sexual incompatibility of Eichhornia crassipes (Mart. Solms. In spite of high pollen fertility, pollen viability and pollen germination the species show hardly any fruit set under natural condition. The abnormal pollen germination like curling of pollen tubes, shrinkage of pollen tube tips and bending of pollen tube might be reasons of sexual incompatibility of this species. It is observed that the taxa required comparatively low sucrose concentration (5% for their optimal in vitro pollen germination (54.08%. Boric acid to certain extent also influences the in vitro pollen germination (56.2%. In the present investigation the nature of substrate in association with the effect of Boric acid, CaCO3, MgSO4 on the in vitro pollen germination of Eichhornia crassipes is also worked out. However the tested salts show no significant effect on pollen germination in the present study.

  10. In Quest of the Antique: The Bazaar, Exchange and Mart and the Democratization of Collecting, 1926-42.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Egginton, Heidi

    2017-06-01

    The popularization of antique collecting is typically located in the second half of the twentieth century, with the rise of 'retrochic' and the emergence of new markets and online trading websites for anonymously exchanging second-hand goods. Close study of the printed literature connected with the inter-war second-hand trade, however, challenges conventional chronologies in the history of consumer culture, and can provide a new perspective on the role of collecting in British social and cultural life. This article examines the period, after the late 1920s, during which The Bazaar, Exchange and Mart reinvented itself as a forum for antique and decorative art enthusiasts. It argues that, in speaking to and publishing contributions from so-called 'small collectors', this 'Popular Weekly for Collectors and Connoisseurs' helped shape a modern and democratic culture of art appreciation in which ordinary people were actively invited to participate. The private correspondence archive of a Buckinghamshire subscriber who used the Exchange and Mart to sell his collection of 'Egyptian, Greek, and Roman Antiquities' to readers across the country during the 1930s reveals an intimate portrait of the desires, fantasies, and pleasures associated with the popular experience of collecting in pre-war Britain. © The Author [2016]. Published by Oxford University Press.

  11. Phenotypic distance among assai palm’s mother plants (Euterpe oleracea Mart. from Eastern Amazon

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    Rosemiro Santos Galate

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The açai palm tree (Euterpe oleracea Mart. is native to the Amazonian estuary. Media revelation of the nutraceutical properties of açai palm has resulted in its introduction in the national and international markets, consequently increasing the açai palm crop area in the Amazon. Nevertheless, açai palm cultivation is performed in a rational manner, because of limited product extraction from the native açai palm varieties. The study aimed to conduct a preliminary estimate of genetic variability, parameters, and phenotypic divergence of parent açai palms. Data from 129 parent plants from northeast Pará was collected. Analysis of variance (ANOVA of 22 morphoagronomic traits was performed to estimate the genetic parameters. Divergence was estimated using standardized average euclidean distance by using unweighted pair group method with arithmetic mean (UPGMA and Tocher clustering methods. Significant variance was noted in 77.3% traits (ANOVA, p<0.01 and p<0.05; CVg/CVe ratio indicated that 72.3% traits may present genetic variability for use in breeding programs. The euclidean distance showed EO-070 and EO-072 parent plants (Combu Island as the least divergent, and EO-010 (Belém and EO-018 (Salinópolis as the most divergent. The clustering methods determined ten (Tocher and nine (UPGMA similar groups. The most dissimilar parent plants were EO-035 (Capitão Poço, EO- 109 (Combu Island, EO-019 (Salinópolis, and EO-010 (Belém (Tocher method, whereas even the EO-010 (Belém; EO-011 (São João de Pirabas; EO-017, EO-018, and EO-019 (Salinópolis; EO-062 and EO-109 (Combu Island plants showed dissimilarity. We concluded that the 129 mother plants have high phenotypic variability, indicating the possibility of their use in genetic breeding programs. Further, the divergent parent plants can be used in the production of genotypes with favorable characteristics.

  12. Effects of diets with Amaranthus dubius Mart. ex Thell. on performance and digestibility of growing rabbits

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    Edgar Molina

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The effects on performance and digestibility in growing rabbits were studied by comparing 3 diets containing increasing inclusion rates of amaranth (Amaranthus dubius Mart. ex Thell.: 0 (A0, 160 (A16 and 320 g/kg (A32 diet. Diets were formulated isoproteic and isocaloric to meet the nutrient requirements of growing rabbits. One hundred and thirteen weaned New Zealand White rabbits (mean±standard deviation weight: 760±102 g, individually caged, were randomly assigned to one of the 3  experimental diets. Rabbits were fed ad libitum from 35 to 87 d of age, and health status and performance traits were  onitored. The coefficients of total tract apparent digestibility of the diets were measured between 42 and 46 d of age in 12 rabbits per treatment. Amaranthus dubius contained 209 g/kg dry matter (DM of crude protein and 398 g/kg DM of neutral detergent fibre. There were no significant differences between treatments in weight gain (mean 21.6 g/d and live weight at the end of the fattening period (mean 1883 g. Daily feed intake was higher (P<0.05 in A0 than in A16 and A32 diets (85.4 vs. 73.7 and 69.9 g/d, respectively, and feed conversion rate improved with increased inclusion of A. dubius in the diet (from 3.84 to 3.28 for A0 and A32 diets, respectively; P<0.05. Health status was not affected by the amaranth inclusion rate. Total tract apparent digestibility showed high values, with no differences among diets except for ether extract. Thus, A. dubius could be considered as an alternative source of protein and fibre for rabbit feeding in tropical and subtropical regions.

  13. Estudo etnofarmacológico e etnobotânico de Himatanthus drasticus (Mart. Plumel (janaguba

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    F.P. SOARES

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available RESUMO Himatanthus drasticus (Mart. Plumel, janaguba, produz um látex em seu caule que é usado para o tratamento de alguns tipos de câncer, vermes intestinais, febre, menstruações irregulares, infertilidade feminina e úlceras gástricas. Estudos fitoquímicos revelaram a presença de acetato de lupeol e proteínas; e estudos farmacológicos, os efeitos antiúlcera, antitumoral, imunomodulador, analgésico e anti-inflamatório. O presente trabalho objetivou realizar levantamento etnobotânico e etnofarmacológico sobre H. drasticus como contribuição ao conhecimento científico da referida espécie. Foi elaborado um questionário, que foi aplicado em entrevista a 21 raizeiros nos mercados das cidades de Crato, Fortaleza e Pacajus do estado do Ceará (CE. Observou-se que 38,1% dos raizeiros têm mais de 10 anos de serviço e 47,6%, estão na faixa etária de 40 a 59 anos, o que representa um fator positivo quanto à experiência com plantas medicinais. Aproximadamente 85,7% dos raizeiros relataram o uso do látex da H. drasticus para tratamento de úlcera; 66,7% para inflamação; 66,7% para câncer. Verificou-se que as principais indicações terapêuticas relatadas pelos raizeiros sobre esta espécie estão de acordo com as informações científicas. Os levantamentos etnobotânicos e etnofarmacológicos exercem um papel primordial no resgate do conhecimento tradicional, nos meios rurais e urbanos, tanto por seu valor histórico-cultural, como também pela necessidade de confirmação das indicações de uso.

  14. Inventario de bienes de Juan Martínez, escribano público de Jerez de la Frontera en la primera mitad del siglo XV

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    M.ª Belén Piqueras García

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The present study is centered in the analysis of the Inventory of valuable objects of Juan Martínez, Jerez de la Frontera notary public during the first half of 15th century; Persecuting to bring to light this document from notarial type, until now unpublished, that approached its content and diplomatic analysis.

  15. Agnets Bozhi v Tserkvi Sv. Katarinõ : V. Martõnov, J. Ljubimov i A. Mustonen sozdali Apokalipsis / Ilja Sundelevitsh

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sundelevitsh, Ilja

    2001-01-01

    15. ja 16. aprillil esietendus Katariina kirikus "Apokalypsis", eesti-vene ühisprojekt. Müsteeriumi lavastaja Juri Ljubimov, helilooja Vladimir Martõnov, dirigent Andres Mustonen (kaastegevad Eesti meestelaulu Seltsi poistekoor ja Tallinna poistekoor ning Rahvusmeeskoor), kunstnik Pille Jänes

  16. El urbanismo de Santiago de Compostela : un plano con las plazuelas de San Martín y de San Miguel de 1709

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    Miguel Taín Guzmán

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo está dedicado al estudio de un plano inédito de 1709 donde se representan las plazuelas de San Martín y de San Miguel, en el barrio intramuros de la Puerta de la Peña de Santiago de Compostela. Gracias al referido dibujo, analizo al detalle el entramado urbano de ambos espacios públicos y los edificios que los delimitan, particularmente la iglesia de San Martín Pinario, el desaparecido Palacio del Tribunal de la Santa Inquisición y la iglesia parroquial de San Miguel dos Agros.The article focuses on the study of a 1709 inpublished street plan of two squares —San Martín and San Miguel— in the Puerta de la Peña quarter (Santiago de Compostela. This oíd drawing shows the urban framework of both public spaces and also the buildings around: San Martín Pinario, the lost Palacio del Tribunal de la Santa Inquisición and the paroquial church of San Miguel de los Agros.

  17. Modeling the effects of dispersal and patch size on predicted fisher (Pekania [Martes] pennanti) distribution in the U.S. Rocky Mountains

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lucretia E. Olson; Joel D. Sauder; Nathan M. Albrecht; Ray S. Vinkey; Samuel A. Cushman; Michael K. Schwartz

    2014-01-01

    Climate change impacts many species through shifts in habitat. The intensity of this impact will depend on the dispersal rates of the species, the patchiness of the environment, and the velocity of habitat change. Here we examine how dispersal affects projected future habitat availability for a threatened carnivore, the fisher (Pekania [Martes] pennanti). We used non-...

  18. Mart Susi müüb Concordia ülikooli hüvanguks Kolu mõisa / Sigrid Laev

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laev, Sigrid

    2003-01-01

    Concordia ülikooli rektor Mart Susi pani müüki endale kuuluva Kolu mõisa, et sellest saadava rahaga katta ülikooli vajadusi. Tallinna Pedagoogikaülikool on Concordia ostmisest huvitatud. Concordia ülikooli tudengid on teinud üleskutse ühinemiseks, et kooli tuleviku suhtes kaasa rääkida

  19. Cruce de caminos entre la literatura y la historia: conversación con el escritor argentino Martín Kohan

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    Karen Saban

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Entrevista con el novelista argentino Martín Kohan, doctor en Letras y profesor de las Universidades de Buenos Aires y la Patagonia, y autor de, entre otras obras, El informe (1997, Los cautivos (2000, Dos veces junio (2002, Segundos afuera (2005 y Ciencias morales (2007.

  20. Eesti majanduskriisi dilemma: stimuleerida või lasta kõigil kannatada? / Mikk Salu ; kommenteerinud Ülo Kaasik ja Mart Laar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Salu, Mikk, 1975-

    2009-01-01

    Autor vaatleb, mida teevad praegu maailma riikide keskpangad ja valitsused, et kriisist välja tulla, ning avaldab arvamust, et eelarvepoliitika on enam-vähem ainus vahend, mida Eesti valitsus saab kasutada. Küsimusest, kas Eesti peaks laenama või kasutama reserve. Kommenteerivad Ülo Kaasik ja Mart Laar

  1. Food habits of the stone marten (Martes foina in the upper Aveto Valley (Northern Apennines, Italy

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    Adriano Martinoli

    1995-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The diet of the stone marten (Martes foina was studied analysing 63 faeces collected from February 1990 to December 1991. The results were expressed as relative percentage of frequency (Fr% and as percentage of mean bulk (Vm%. Mammals, mainly rodents, were the staple in the diet (annual Vm% = 62.9 and reached a maximum peak in winter (Vm% = 79.4. Vegetables were mostly represented by Rosaceae fruits (annual Vm% = 22.3 and were consumed during all year round. Insects, mainly Coleoptera and Orthoptera, were fairly frequently eaten, although their volume was not remarkable (annual Vm% = 4.1. Birds and garbage were scarcely used. The trophic niche breadth of the stone marten, evaluated using the Levin's index (B, varied from 2.49 in winter to 4.8 in summer. In the same study area the diet of the red fox (Vulpes vulpes was studied. The niche overlap between this canid and the stone marten was not extensive (Op = 0.52; Os = 0.51. Riassunto Indagine sul comportamento trofico della faina (Martes foina in alta Val d'Aveto (Appennino Ligure-Emiliano - La dieta della Faina (Martes foina è stata studiata analizzando 63 feci raccolte dal febbraio 1990 al dicembre 1991. I dati ottenuti, espressi come frequenza relativa percentuale (Fr% e come volume medio percentuale (Vm%, evidenziano che i Mammiferi, in particolare i Roditori, sono la componente alimentare principale (Vm% annuale = 62,9, con maggior consumo durante il periodo invernale (Vm% = 79,4. I vegetali, rappresentati per la maggior parte dai frutti delle Rosacee (Vm% annuale = 22,3, sono la seconda categoria trofica per importanza e compaiono per tutto l'arco dell'anno. Gli Insetti, quasi esclusivamente Coleotteri ed Ortotteri, presentano una discreta percentuale di utilizzo (Fr% annuale = 21,2 pur non avendo un'incidenza volumetricamente importante (Vm% annuale = 4,1. Gli Uccelli costituiscono una fonte

  2. Preparation and characterization of high density polyethylene and residual fibre of Attalea funifera Mart (piacava) composites; Preparacao e caracterizacao de compositos de polietileno de alta densidade com residuos de fibras de piacava da especie Attalea funifera Mart

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Agrela, Sara P.; Guimaraes, Danilo H.; Jose, Nadia M., E-mail: saraagrela@hotmail.co [Universidade Federal da Bahia (GECIM/IQ/UFBA), Salvador, BA (Brazil). Inst. de Quimica. Grupo de Energia e Ciencias dos Materiais; Carvalho, Gleidson G.P. [Universidade Federal da Bahia (UFBA), Salvador, BA (Brazil). Escola de Medicina Veterinaria. Dept. de Producao Animal; Carvalho, Ricardo F. [Universidade Federal da Bahia (EP/UFBA), Salvador, BA (Brazil). Escola Politecnica. Curso de Mestrado em Engenharia Ambiental Urbana

    2009-07-01

    The use of natural fiber reinforcement thermoplastic polymer is continuously increasing. This fact is manly due to its advantages as low cost, availability, recyclability, low energy demand and then environmental appeal if compared to synthetics fibers. The composites were prepared in different fiber volume ratios (5%, 10% and 20%) mixed with high density polyethylene (HDPE) and heated at 190 deg C. Thermogravimetric analysis and differential scanning calorimetry were used to investigate thermal stability. The composites structure was characterized by Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffractometry. Fiber and residue of piassava (Attalea funifera Mart) chemical composition were determined by Van Soest Method. The results indicate that thermo stability of the composites of HDPE prepared with fiber volume ratios up to 20% is only slightly lowered. (author)

  3. Fungos conidiais em Euterpe oleracea Mart. (açaizeiro na Ilha do Combu, Pará-Brasil Conidial Fungi on Euterpe oleracea Mart. on Combu Island, Pará, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carla Corrêa de Castro

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available O trabalho teve como objetivo investigar a ocorrência de fungos conidiais (hyphomycetes associados à decomposição de material vegetal morto de Euterpe oleracea Mart. (açaizeiro na Área de Proteção Ambiental da ilha do Combu, município de Belém, Pará. Entre agosto de 2008 e abril de 2009, foram coletadas partes em decomposição de palmeiras de E. oleracea e mantidas em câmara-úmida durante sete dias. As estruturas reprodutivas dos fungos foram retiradas e montadas em lâminas semipermanentes para o estudo morfológico em microscopia óptica. O presente trabalho contém descrições, comentários, distribuição geográfica e ilustrações dos novos registros para o Brasil. Como resultados deste estudo foram identificados 45 táxons de hifomicetos. Todos são novos registros para a área de estudo, destes 11 representam novos registro para o Brasil e 12 para a Amazônia brasileira.The objective of this study was look for conidial fungi (hyphomycetes associated with decomposing, dead vegetative material of Euterpe oleracea Mart. collected on Combu Island (Belém, Pará, an environmentally protected area. From August 2008 to April 2009, decomposing parts of E. oleracea were collected and kept in a moist chamber for seven days. Somatic and reproductive fungal structures were extracted from the substrate and mounted on semi-permanent slides for morphological study using optical microscopy. This paper includes descriptions, comments, geographical distributions and illustrations of new records for Brazil. All these records are new for the study area, 11 are new records for Brazil, and 12 are new for the Brazilian Amazon.

  4. Physiochemical Properties of the Pulp and Almonds of TUCUMÃ (Astrocaryum vulgare Mart) for Oil Production

    Science.gov (United States)

    Longo, R. M.; Ribeiro, A. I.; Melo, W. J.; Queiroz, M. R.; Russo, A. C.; Amaral, J. B.

    2009-04-01

    Tucumã (Astrocaryum vulgare Mart) it is a palm tree commonly found at the Amazonian forest of firm earth, it produces nutritious fruits, quite appreciated by the local population. The seeds are for the obtaining of eatable olive oil and soap, the endocarp is employee for the local population in the making of earrings, rings, bracelets, necklaces and other workmanships. This species has occurrence also in Acre, Rondônia, Pará, Mato Grosso, Roraima, Trindad, Guyana and Bolivia. The objective of this work was to accomplish mechanical tests on the fruits with the purpose of studying the rupture of the shell and the whole income almonds and to obtain the impact loads in tucumã fruits. It was also characterized biochemical compositions of the pulp and the almond seeking the use for the other ends. The physiochemical parameters analyzed were: moisture content, fats gray, total protein, fiber, carbohydrate, calorie, fats acids and vitamins, just in the pulp: vitamin E, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, vitamin B5, vitamin B3, vitamin B6, vitamin B12, vitamin C, vitamin D3 and vitamin E. The obtained results revealed that the maximum force of rupture was of approximately 6200 N for the direction apex-insert and 7200 N for the perpendicular direction; then this the tucumã fruit with high shell hardness when compared to the other types of chestnuts, being necessary studies to design machines capable to promote mechanical breaking and thus facilitating, its commercial exploration. The pulp of the tucumã fruits, presented a significant amount of fats (32%), following by carbohydrates (19,7%) and fibers (18,4). The caloric value was of 380 Kcal/g. Also the pulp presented good amount of vitamin B3 (niacin - 76,7%) and C (acid ascorbic - 23,6%). In relation to the fat acids the pulp presents contents of acid oleic (C18.1) about 72,8% following for linoléico (C18.2), being a good product for the human and animal feeding,. In the almond 24,2% of fiber, 10,7% of fats, 17,0% of

  5. Endoparasites of American marten (Martes americana: Review of the literature and parasite survey of reintroduced American marten in Michigan

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    Maria C. Spriggs

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The American marten (Martes americana was reintroduced to both the Upper (UP and northern Lower Peninsula (NLP of Michigan during the 20th century. This is the first report of endoparasites of American marten from the NLP. Faeces from live-trapped American marten were examined for the presence of parasitic ova, and blood samples were obtained for haematocrit evaluation. The most prevalent parasites were Capillaria and Alaria species. Helminth parasites reported in American marten for the first time include Eucoleus boehmi, hookworm, and Hymenolepis and Strongyloides species. This is the first report of shedding of Sarcocystis species sporocysts in an American marten and identification of 2 coccidian parasites, Cystoisospora and Eimeria species. The pathologic and zoonotic potential of each parasite species is discussed, and previous reports of endoparasites of the American marten in North America are reviewed.

  6. Francisco Martínez de la Rosa and church-state controversial relation in Spain (1834-1835

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    María José Vilar García

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to provide and analyze Francisco Martínez de la Rosa’s unpublished correspondence during his term as President of the Spanish Government in the 1834-1835 biennium, maintained with Amat di San Filippo Luigi, nuncio in Spain, and kept in the Vatican Secret Archives. Such correspondence consists of three letters with official mail format, although they could be considered rather confidential for their content. In these documents, the Spanish government strives, albeit unsuccessfully, to achieve recognition by Rome of Elizabeth II of Spain and his liberal regime. And last but not least, in this paper, it is also noteworthy to highlight the urgent need to fill the many vacant Dioceses in Spain.

  7. On the Shores of the Revolution: Martín Luis Guzmán in Madrid (1915

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    Susana Quintanilla

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available 1915 is considered a decisive year in world history. Underneath wartime plundering, eighteenth-century beliefs in social progress and human civilization collapsed, and other political and philosophical credos sprouted, while aesthetic avant-gardes created new forms of artistic and literary expression. That same year, from his exile in Madrid, Martín Luis Guzmán would define the coordinates that would guide his life, while trying to assimilate his recent experiences during the Mexican Revolution and make way as a writer, under the immediate protection of Alfonso Reyes and the far-away but determining one of Pedro Henríquez Ureña. Without abandoning his political vocation and remaining open to new trends, Guzmán drew up his own path, which would lead him alongside his mentors and to the forefront of literature in Spanish.

  8. De Martí a Fidel: a revolução cubana e a América Latina

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    Luiz Bernardo Pericás

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Livro que já se tornou referência nos meios diplomático e acadêmico, De Martí a Fidel: a revolução cubana e a América Latina, do historiador e cientista político Luiz Alberto Moniz Bandeira, ganha agora uma nova edição, revisada e ampliada.

  9. Entramado productivo del partido de General San Martín. Análisis de caso

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    Enrique Déntice

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available El presente estudio tiene por objeto determinar si la composición industrial del partido de San Martín ha mutado o no en relación a la estructura productiva que presentaba en el Censo Industrial realizado una década atrás para dicho Municipio. La información recabada a través de la actualización de la base de datos, con que contaba la Municipalidad, fue analizada comparativamente con datos del EMI (Estimador Mensual Industrial. Con esto se verificó la continuidad de la composición industrial del Partido y realizar una comparación de la conformación manufacturera a nivel país. La clasificación sectorial obtenida le brinda claros datos a los representantes políticos del Partido de cuál es la especialización de las empresas asentadas en el territorio. De la cantidad de industrias que se encuentran activas actualmente dentro del partido se desprende que Villa Lynch concentra el 28% de las industrias (348 establecimientos, le sigue Villa Ballester con el 16% (202 establecimientos y en tercer lugar, Villa Maipú con el 15% (191 establecimientos. Esta información tiene gran utilidad para el Municipio ya que deberían enfocar las políticas públicas según zonas en función a las necesidades de cada localidad. El trabajo clasifica a las industrias por tamaño, cantidad de personal ocupado, rubro, origen de insumos y destino de sus ventas. En pocas palabras es una visión del mapa productivo del partido de Gral. San Martín.

  10. José Martí e los indios de Norteamérica: mediazione culturale e «scontro di civiltà». Una rilettura critica

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    Alessandro Badella

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The Cuban poet José Martí, “Master of the Americas” as pointed out by a famous Italian study by Carlo Batà, was probably the most important South American thinker of the two last decades of the Nineteenth century. This essay deals with the importance of “civilization clash” between US positivism - or WASP-ism - and the last resistances of Native Americans' cultural heritage during his personal experience as an exile in the United States. Martí, in this racial struggle and racist instincts, experienced a dual vision about the “Indian problem” in the Americas. In his first essays he focused on the positivistic view, really common among Latin American cultural élites (from Alberdi to Sarmiento, which depicted the Indian people as the burden of creole and white race in the path toward progress.On the other hand, as appeared clearly in Escenas americanas, the Cuban analysed more precisely the American struggle between civilization and savagery. In the cultural massacre inflicted to Indian tribes, he saw the real savagery in American civilization. So, this reflection paved the way to a new approach in considering the possibility of importing the Anglo-saxon model of civilization and political structures to the liberated Cuba after the independence (but also to continental Latin America.This relationship let us understand some interesting features in Martí's huge cultural production. We are introduced to the very essence of his cultural mediation between those two different lifestyles and models of civilization. This mediation would have represented a new way of intending North vs South America struggles or even Western way of life vs different ones, considered “barbarous” from the first.In our modern times, in which the terms “exporting values” or “civilization clash” seem to be very common in usage, it is really stimulating discover that the same problem was posed by Martí more than one century ago. Even if he did not

  11. Comparação do teor de taninos entre duas espécies de espinheira-santa (Maytenus aquifolium Mart.e Maytenus ilicifolia Mart. ex Reissekcultivadas no Horto Medicinal do Refúgio Biológico Bela Vista - RBBV da Itaipu Binacional - Foz do Iguaçu, PR - Brasil.

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    P.R. HOLNIK

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available RESUMO As duas espécies de espinheira-santa Maytenus aquifolium Mart. e Maytenus ilicifolia Mart. ex Reissek pertencentes à família Celastraceae e têm sido intensamente exploradas nas populações nativas devido seu alto valor medicinal. O grande interesse pela espinheira-santa é para o tratamento de gastrites, úlceras gástricas e duodenais. O efeito antiulcerogênico está relacionado com a presença de polifenóis totais, mais especificamente com os taninos. Este trabalho teve como objetivo comparar o teor de taninos entre essas duas espécies cultivadas no Horto Medicinal do Refúgio Biológico Bela Vista - RBBV da Itaipu Binacional no município de Foz do Iguaçu, PR - Brasil. Foram realizadas duas coletas com intervalo de um mês para cada espécie e para a quantificação foi realizada a análise por espectrofotometria segundo a Farmacopeia Brasileira V. Os resultados foram analisados através do teste de variância (ANOVA e a diferença no teor de taninos foi evidenciada pelo teste Tukey, a 5% de nível de significância empregando-se o software SISVAR. Foram obtidos em média 0,61% para o lote 1 e 2 de Maytenus aquifolium e (3,90% para Maytenus ilicifolia, resultando em uma média de 84,35% de taninos a mais para Maytenus ilicifolia em comparação com Maytenus aquifolium concluindo assim que as espécies não devem ser intercambiáveis.

  12. Bionomics data and descriptions of the immatures of Calyptocephala gerstaeckeri Boheman (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), pest of the oil palm (Elaeis guineensis J.) and camedor palm (Chamaedorea elegans Mart.) (Arecaceae) in Tabasco, Mexico; Datos bionomicos y descripcion de los inmaduros de Calyptocephala gerstaeckeri Boheman (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), plaga de la Palma Aceitera (Elaeis guineensis J.) y de la Palma Camedor (Chamaedorea elegans Mart.) (Arecaceae) en Tabasco, Mexico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cordova-Ballona, Leonides [Universidad Popular de la Chontalpa, Tabasco (Mexico); Sanchez-Soto, Saul [Colegio de Postgraduados, Tabasco (Mexico). Campus Tabasco

    2008-11-15

    Characters of the external morphology of egg, larval instars and pupae of Calyptocephala gerstaeckeri Boheman, insect pest of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis J.) and camedor palm (Chamaedorea elegans Mart.) in the State of Tabasco, Mexico, are described and illustrated. Some bionomics data are also presented. The specie was reared in the laboratory on young oil palm plants. (author)

  13. Accounting Education Area Student Evaluation of Motivation and Expectations Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Vocational School Due to an Application

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    Metin ATMACA

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of our study was to considering these issues Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University accounting and tax applications, depending on what part of higher vocational schools of higher education students to measure expectations and motivations. Population of the study consists of 807 students in accounting and tax application departments of 7 vocational schools of Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University. In our study, 723studentswere reached, as a means of data collection questionnaire. In the first part of the survey questions related to demographic variables found to the accounting section of the second part, students’ reasons for choosing, there are judgments to measure their expectations and motivations. According to the results, the motivation to adopt means of accounting education, accounting, education, expectations, reasons for choosing accounting and accounting education is part of the point of view of the factors is a linear correlation.

  14. La poesía como vaso comunicante entre los Cuadernos de apuntes de José Martí y los de José Lezama Lima

    OpenAIRE

    Atencio, Caridad

    2015-01-01

    Este artículo estudia los llamados Diarios del poeta José Lezama Lima, que recogen anotaciones suyas entre los años 1939-1949 y entre 1956-1958, para analizar cómo se refleja en ambos textos el interés por la poesía y la reflexión acerca de la misma. Sus anotaciones son comparadas con las de José Martí, percibiendo que mientras que la poesía era para Martí la forma suprema de la literatura, para Lezama llegó a ser un método de conocimiento de la realidad, la categoría central a la que conduce...

  15. Proceso de implantación de Sistema de Gestión Bibliotecario en la Biblioteca Nacional de Cuba José Martí

    OpenAIRE

    Ing. Amparo Hernández Barrios

    2015-01-01

    The National Library of Cuba José Martí (BNCJM Spanish abbreviation) as rector of the National System of Public Libraries (SNBP Spanish abbreviation) and the performance of its activities supports the use of information is a major venture into the new world of librarianship. One of the ways the BNCJM to improve the organization is by providing access to its collections, streamline work and reduce costs in purchasing materials with the implementation of an automated system that would integrate...

  16. The Exploration of Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) Application in the Retail Industry: Based on Wal-Mart, Tesco and Sainsburys Case Studies Analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Gao, Yucheng

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this research is to show how radio frequency identification (RFID) benefits supply chain management and explore what difficulties will face by using this technology. It is based on the analysis of three real companies (Wal-Mart, Tesco and Sainsburys) to track how real organizations deploy RFID technology in their company, what problems they face and how operators plan strategies to overcome these difficulties. Furthermore, this research also indicates recommendations and soluti...

  17. Diet supplementation with açaí (Euterpe oleracea Mart.) pulp improves biomarkers of oxidative stress and the serum lipid profile in rats.

    OpenAIRE

    Souza, Melina Oliveira de; Silva, Maísa; Silva, Marcelo Eustáquio; Oliveira, Riva de Paula; Pedrosa, Maria Lúcia

    2010-01-01

    Objective: We investigated the antioxidant potential and hypocholesterolemic effects of acai (Euterpe oleracea Mart.) pulp ingestion in rats fed a standard or hypercholesterolemic diet. Methods: Female Fischer rats were fed a standard AIN-93 M diet (control) or a hypercholesterolemic diet that contained 25% soy oil and 1% cholesterol. The test diet was supplemented with 2% acai pulp (dry wt/wt) for control (group CA) and hypercholesterolemic rats (group HA) for 6 wk. At the end of the experim...

  18. The effect of Store Image and Service Quality on Private Label Brand Image and Purchase Intention. Case Study: Lotte Mart Gandaria City

    OpenAIRE

    Nosica Rizkalla; Leis Suzanawaty

    2012-01-01

    Retailers produce their own private label brand as a strategy to distinguish their products from competitors’. Based on previous research, store image and service quality can be used to improve private label brand image and purchase intention. A Research is conducted at Lotte Mart, Gandaria City Mall in Jakarta to find out whether store image and service quality could influence private label brand image and purchase intention. This research adopts Wu et.al.'s framework (2010). Data processing...

  19. Revisão da Maytenus ilicifolia Mart. ex Reissek, Celastraceae. Contribuição ao estudo das propriedades farmacológicas

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    Ralph Santos-Oliveira

    Full Text Available A Maytenus ilicifolia Mart. ex Reissek, Celastraceae, vem sendo utilizada à muitos anos na terapêutica clínica, contudo suas propriedades farmacológicas continuam sob estudo. O objetivo desse trabalho é fornecer subsídios teóricos para o aprimoramento dos estudos, em especial os estudos clínicos, e assim estabelecer definitivamente as propriedades reais da Maytenus ilicifolia.

  20. Análise fitoquímica e atividade antimicobacteriana de extratos metanólicos de Jacaranda cuspidifolia Mart. (Bignoniaceae Phytochemical analysis and antimycobacterial activity of methanol extracts from Jacaranda cuspidifolia Mart. (Bignoniaceae

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    A.L.A. Arruda

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Jacaranda cuspidifolia Mart., conhecida popularmente como "caroba", "jacarandá" ou "bolacheira", é utilizada medicinalmente para o tratamento da sífilis e da gonorréia. A atividade antimicobacteriana dessa espécie foi avaliada em ensaios in vitro com os extratos metanólicos das cascas e folhas, segundo o Método Analítico Alamar Blue (MABA. Os valores de concentração inibitória mínima para os extratos metanólicos das cascas e das folhas de J. cuspidifolia foram iguais a CIM = 250 μg mL-1 para ambos os extratos. A análise fitoquímica, por Cromatografia em Camada Delgada de gel de sílica, dos extratos metanólicos das cascas e folhas revelou a presença de taninos, flavonóides, terpenos, cumarinas e esteróides. A análise dos perfis dos extratos metanólicos por Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Eficiência de Fase Reversa registrou a presença de compostos fenólicos derivados do verbascosídeo sugerindo a provável responsabilidade pela ação antimicobacteriana.Jacaranda cuspidifolia Mart., popularly known as "caroba", "jacaranda" or "bolacheira", is used as medicine for the treatment of syphilis and gonorrhea. The antimycobacterial activity of this species was assessed by means of in vitro assays with methanol extracts of barks and leaves according to the Microplate Alamar Blue Assay (MABA. The minimal inhibitory concentration values for methanol extracts of barks and leaves from J. cuspidifolia were MIC = 250 μg mL-1 for both extracts. Phytochemical analysis, by Thin Layer Chromatography on silica gel, of methanol extracts of barks and leaves revealed the presence of tannins, flavonoids, terpenes, cumarins and steroids. Analysis of the profiles of methanol extracts by High Performance Liquid Chromatography - Reversed Phase recorded the presence of phenolic compounds derivatives of verbascoside, suggesting their probable responsibility for the antimycobacterial action.

  1. Radioactivity and Natural Radio nuclides Distribution in River Water, Coastal Water, Sediment and Eichornia Crassipes (Mart) Sloms and Their Accumulation Factor at Surabaya Area

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Agus Taftazani; Sumining; Muzakky

    2002-01-01

    Distribution of radioactivity and natural radionuclide in water, sediment and eichornia crassipes (mart) sloms from Surabaya river and coastal area have been evaluated. Five sampling locations were selected to represent fresh water and coastal water environment. The samples consist of water (fresh and coastal), bottom surface sediment and eichornia crassipes (mart) sloms The result showed that the gross-β activity from water environment were lower than the threshold value of Environmental Minister Act. Kep.02/MENKLH/I/1988 (1000 mBq/L) and indicated that β-radioecological quality of water were still good. But the activity of the gross-α of water environment were higher than the threshold value of Environmental Minister Act. Kep.02/MENKLH/I/1988 (100 mBq/L). The eichornia crassipes (mart) sloms (gross) activity were higher than water and sediment activities and indicated that transfer of radionuclides from water to sediment and organism can be detected in water environment. Two natural radionuclides can be identified by γ-Spectrometric technique, they were K-40 and TI-208. Generally the distribution factor F D were smaller than bioaccumulation factor F B . (author)

  2. José Martí, la Educación como Herramienta de Transformación y Liberación

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    Héctor Hernández Pardo

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available José Martí otorgó a la educación un papel fundamental como elemento de transformación sociopolítica y económica en donde los métodos socráticos fueron reinventados para superar las metodologías conservadoras que acompañaban a la intelectualidad más reaccionaria. Para Martí, la educación debía estar encaminada a la liberación, pero basándose en el conocimiento y en la revalorización de la cultura y los valores latinoamericanos, y en manera alguna podía ser privilegio exclusivo de una clase.   José Martí gave to education a fundamental role as an element of socio-political and economic transformation, in which Socratic methods were reinvented to overcome conservative methodologies which were embedded in the most reactionary intellectuals. Therefore, this paper looks at his perspective over education. On the one hand, he argued it should be oriented towards liberation, but only insofar as it was based on the knowledge and appreciation of Latin American culture and values, and on the other, he highlighted that under no circumstances should it be an exclusive privilege of a social class.

  3. A psychology of liberation for Central America: the unfinished work of Ignacio Martín-Baró (1942-1989).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gondra, José María

    2013-01-01

    On November 16, 1989 the world was shocked by the news of the assassination of six Jesuits at the campus of the Universidad Centro Americana José Simeón Cañas (UCA) in San Salvador, El Salvador. Among those murdered by government soldiers was Ignacio Martín-Baró, a PhD in social psychology from the University of Chicago who at that time was the Vice-Rector for Academic Affairs and Vice-President of the Interamerican Society of Psychology (SIP). Drawing on Martín-Baró's published writings and non-published academic papers and correspondence, this article traces the evolution of the Spanish-born Jesuit who became a leading authority among Latin American social psychologists. In particular, it analyzes his project of becoming a clinical psychologist under the influence of psychoanalysis, his critical social psychology aimed to "de-ideologize" the oppressed social classes of El Salvador, and his ultimate project of a psychology of liberation for Latin America. Martín-Baró's work came to a tragic end just when it began to bear fruit, but it stands as a testimony to a lifetime committed to the human values of democracy, social justice and service to society's poorest and most neglected.

  4. Radioactivity and natural radionuclides distribution in river water, coastal water, sediment and Eichornia Crassipes (Mart) solms and their accumulation factor at Surabaya area

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Agus Taftazani; Sumining; Muzakky

    2002-01-01

    Distributions of radioactivity and natural radionuclides in water, sediment and eichornia crassipes (mart) solms from Surabaya River and coastal area have been evaluated. Five sampling locations were selected to represent fresh water and coastal water environment. The samples consist of water (fresh & coastal), bottom surface sediment and eichornia crassipes (mart) solms. The result showed that the gross-β activity from water environment were lower than the threshold value of Environmental Minister Act. Kep.02/MENKLH/I/1988 (1000 mBq/L) and indicated that β-radio ecological quality of water were still good. But the activity of the gross-α of water environment were higher than the threshold value of Environmental Minister Act. Kep.02/MENKLH/I/1988 (100 mBq/L). The eichornia crassipes (mart) solms (gross) activity were higher than water and sediment activities and indicated that transfer of radio nuclides from water to sediment and organism can be detected in water environment. Two natural radionuclide can be identified by γ-Spectrometric technique, they were K"4"0 and Tl"2"0"8. Generally the distribution factors F_D were smaller than bioaccumulation factor F_B. (author)

  5. Heterogeneity of Metastatic Melanoma:  Correlation of MITF With Its Transcriptional Targets MLSN1, PEDF, HMB-45, and MART-1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zand, Sarvenaz; Buzney, Elizabeth; Duncan, Lyn M; Dadras, Soheil S

    2016-09-01

    Histologic and molecular heterogeneity is well recognized in malignant melanoma; however, the diversity of expression of new and classic melanoma markers has not been correlated in serial sections of metastases. We examined and correlated the expression of microphthalmia transcription factor (MITF) with its transcriptional targets, including melastatin (MLSN1/TRPM1), pigment epithelium-derived factor (SERPINF1/PEDF), SILV/PMEL17/GP100 (human melanoma black 45 [HMB-45]), and melanoma antigen recognized by T cells 1 (MART-1)/MLANA, in 13 melanoma metastases in lymph nodes of 13 patients. The expression levels and patterns of marker expression were recorded by a semiquantitative, 4-point ordinal reactivity method. Our results showed a consistently robust and diffuse expression of MITF protein in 12 (92%) of 13 metastatic tumors compared with variable expression of MLSN1 (46%) messenger RNA or PEDF (75%), HMB-45 (54%), and MART-1 (46%) proteins. Overall, in melanoma lymph node metastases, MITF protein expression was not tightly correlated with its gene targets. Moreover, the immunoreactivity for MITF, compared with MART-1 and HMB-45, was retained, supporting immunohistochemical detection of MITF as a more sensitive method of detecting metastatic melanoma. © American Society for Clinical Pathology, 2016. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  6. La conmemoración de las Independencias hispanoamericanas en José Martí: El intelectual moderno y la guerra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susana Emilce Zanetti

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Bolívar, San Martin and Páez are the only Independence protagonists to whom Martí devotes his celebratory speeches and chronicles. Those texts were published throughout a decade [from 1883 to 1894], exactly when Latin American political and cultural leaders regard themselves as having the right to establish [not without dispute] those "places of memory" [in the sense of Nora 2003] which monumentalize a recent heroic history. The texts by Martí are interesting in this sense: facing the imminent fight for the independence of Cuba, his evocation of past heroic deeds acquires a special symbolic value. It assumes the return to a finished era but from which ethical, social and political key values for the present must be extracted. Martí encourages the cult of the heroes but, at the same time, he imposes specific and divergent meanings. He celebrates the heroic deed but also emphasizes the bond between the leaders and the people, by pointing out the authority of both of them in materializing independency and the exclusion of the latter from the processes of modernization. And also, in his assessment, he warns about the errors of the leaders linked to the 'blindness of power'

  7. Silvia Mistral, Constancia de la Mora y Dolores Martí: Relatos y memorias del exilio de 1939

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    Domínguez Prats, Pilar

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the autobiographical accounts of three Republican women from the first generation of Republican exiles, born between 1900 and 1910. The stories are those of Constancia de la Mora, Silvia Mistral and Dolores Martí, all written just following the Spanish Civil War, between 1939 and 1940, although for two of the authors this was the first stage of exile that finally took them on to Mexico. These accounts are examined within the framework of the socio-political context in which the authors lived during the first three decades of the twentieth century. The stories mix the personal and individual with the collective memory. The women harbour very contrary political views - communist and anarchist - within the Republican cause but the fact that they are women with a common plight helps to overcome these differences. The political nature of these narratives also provides a common theme, which forms a collective testimony in the Republican exile period.

    Este artículo analiza las narraciones autobiográficas de tres mujeres republicanas, pertenecientes a la primera generación del exilio (nacidas entre 1900 y 1910. Se trata de los relatos de Constancia de la Mora, Silvia Mistral y Dolores Martí. Todos ellos tienen en común la circunstancia de haberse escrito en Francia entre 1939 y 1940, aunque para dos de las autoras esta fue la primera etapa del exilio que las llevó definitivamente a México. El análisis de los relatos se enmarca en el contexto sociopolítico en el que vivieron sus autoras en las tres primeras décadas del siglo XX. Aparece en ellos el fruto de una memoria personal e individual, pero insertada en la memoria colectiva de su grupo de referencia, el colectivo exiliado. Las autoras representan tendencias políticas opuestas dentro del bando republicano: el comunismo y el anarquismo, aunque su condición femenina y las circunstancias comunes que atraviesan matizan esas diferencias en sus relatos. El car

  8. Automated quantification of proliferation with automated hot-spot selection in phosphohistone H3/MART1 dual-stained stage I/II melanoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nielsen, Patricia Switten; Riber-Hansen, Rikke; Schmidt, Henrik; Steiniche, Torben

    2016-04-09

    Staging of melanoma includes quantification of a proliferation index, i.e., presumed melanocytic mitoses of H&E stains are counted manually in hot spots. Yet, its reproducibility and prognostic impact increases by immunohistochemical dual staining for phosphohistone H3 (PHH3) and MART1, which also may enable fully automated quantification by image analysis. To ensure manageable workloads and repeatable measurements in modern pathology, the study aimed to present an automated quantification of proliferation with automated hot-spot selection in PHH3/MART1-stained melanomas. Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue from 153 consecutive stage I/II melanoma patients was immunohistochemically dual-stained for PHH3 and MART1. Whole slide images were captured, and the number of PHH3/MART1-positive cells was manually and automatically counted in the global tumor area and in a manually and automatically selected hot spot, i.e., a fixed 1-mm(2) square. Bland-Altman plots and hypothesis tests compared manual and automated procedures, and the Cox proportional hazards model established their prognostic impact. The mean difference between manual and automated global counts was 2.9 cells/mm(2) (P = 0.0071) and 0.23 cells per hot spot (P = 0.96) for automated counts in manually and automatically selected hot spots. In 77 % of cases, manual and automated hot spots overlapped. Fully manual hot-spot counts yielded the highest prognostic performance with an adjusted hazard ratio of 5.5 (95 % CI, 1.3-24, P = 0.024) as opposed to 1.3 (95 % CI, 0.61-2.9, P = 0.47) for automated counts with automated hot spots. The automated index and automated hot-spot selection were highly correlated to their manual counterpart, but altogether their prognostic impact was noticeably reduced. Because correct recognition of only one PHH3/MART1-positive cell seems important, extremely high sensitivity and specificity of the algorithm is required for prognostic purposes. Thus, automated

  9. Floração sincrônica e sistemas reprodutivos em quatro espécies de Kielmeyera Mart. (Guttiferae The synchronous flowering and the breeding systems of four species of Kielmeyera Mart. (Guttiferae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariluza A. Granja e Barros

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Foram investigados a floração sincrônica e os sistemas reprodutivos de Kielmeyera abdita Saddi, K. coriacea Mart.,K. speciosa St. Hil. e K. variabilis Mart., que são espécies de cerrado e ocorrem freqüentemente na Fazenda Água Limpa da Universidade de Brasília, Brasília (DF. As quatro espécies de Kielmeyerasão simpátricas e o período de floração se extende por dois ou tres meses. K. abdita, K. coriacea eK. variabilis,florescem em sincronia durante o período seco (agosto - dezembro e K speciosa floresce isoladamente durante o período chuvoso (fevereriro - maio. A floração convergente dessa três espécies, sugere que as mesmas estão envolvidas em um processo de mutualismo floral, no qual atraem grande número de polinizadores, incrementando os níveis de polinização cruzada. Todas as espécies têm morfologia floral similar, com corolas abertas de cor albo-rósea (K. abdita, K. coriacea, K. speciosa ou alva (K. variabilis, contrastando com estames em pincel, de cor amarelo - forte, que apresentam glândulas apicais produtoras de perfume doce peculiar a Kielmeyera. A presença de andromonoecia é marcante exceto em K. speciosa. As flores apresentam síndrome de entomofilia, sendo visitadas por 21 espécies de abelhas, porém só as abelhas fêmeas Xylocopa hirsutissima Maidl e X. frontalis (Olivier, foram consideradas polinizadores efetivos, devido à alta freqüência e eficiência na coleta de pólen. Com relação aos sistemas reprodutivos, foi constatado que as espécies de Kielmeyera são xenogâmicas e auto-incompatíveis. Os tubos polínicos resultantes de autopolinização foram bloqueados no ovário, sugerindo auto-incompatibilidade de ação tardia. A percentagem de frutos resultantes de polinização cruzada ( K.abdita 33%, K. coriacea 48,5%, K.speciosa 41,5% e K.variabilis 36,5% foi maior que a de polinização natural (K.abdita 13,3%, K. coriacea 30%, K.speciosa 23% e K.variabilis 30%. Isto sugere que apesar da

  10. The philologist Pedro Martínez López: an imaginative liberal lampoonist | El filólogo Pedro Martínez López: un libelista liberal imaginativo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aline Vauchelle-Haquet

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available In 1830, the philologist Pedro Martínez López was forced to go into exile in France for political reasons. In 1832, he published Representación a Fernando VII, rey de España, a lampoon in which he made a whole string of accusations against the tyrant. At the end of the following year, he published España en 1833, al expirar Fernando VII, another lampoon in which he blamed the king's despotic reign for the country's disastrous situation and asserted that such abuses and injustices could only be remedied by re-establishing the Constitution of Cádiz of 1812. In 1834, he ceased to rail against his political enemies, changed strategy, and using his considerable imagination, wrote a kind of fable entitled Una noche en el infierno, vista entre sueños. With a mixture of humour and acid wit, it told of how all the devils in the Kingdom of Darkness, embracing the «sacred» cause of liberalism, vented their anger on the deceased Ferdinand and his followers, who were still in power. It would appear that the work was a success, since it was republished in 1836. In 1835, disillusioned with the tepid and conservative liberal regime of the Estatuto Real, Martínez López wrote another story, Las Brujas en Zugarramurdi, in which different satanic creatures, this time sorceresses, take it upon themselves to defeat moderantismo and establish a progressive regime. After this, he ceased to publish lampoons and political parables and devoted himself to producing learned works, bringing out various dictionaries and grammars which were republished several times. | En 1830, el filólogo Pedro Martínez López tuvo que exiliarse a Francia por motivos políticos. En 1832, sacó a luz en Burdeos una Representación a Fernando VII, rey de España, panfleto en el que espetaba toda una sarta de acusaciones contra el tirano. A finales del año siguiente, publicó La España en 1833, al expirar Fernando VII, otro libelo en que responsabilizaba al despotismo de la

  11. Grybauskaite's historic visit to Belarus / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2010-01-01

    Minskis toimunud presidentide Dalia Grybauskaite ja Aleksandr Lukašenko kohtumisel räägiti 19. detsembril toimuvatest Valgevene presidendivalimistest ja idapartnerlusest. Leedu president kohtus ka opositsiooni liikmetega. Visiidi ajal allkirjastasid riikide välisministrid Audronius Azubalis ja Sergei Martõnov lepingu, mis lihtsustab kahe riigi piiriäärsete elanike piiriületust

  12. The Optimization of Process Parameters and Microstructural Characterization of Fiber Laser Welded Dissimilar HSLA and MART Steel Joints

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Celalettin Yuce

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, environmental impact, safety and fuel efficiency are fundamental issues for the automotive industry. These objectives are met by using a combination of different types of steels in the auto bodies. Therefore, it is important to have an understanding of how dissimilar materials behave when they are welded. This paper presents the process parameters’ optimization procedure of fiber laser welded dissimilar high strength low alloy (HSLA and martensitic steel (MART steel using a Taguchi approach. The influence of laser power, welding speed and focal position on the mechanical and microstructural properties of the joints was determined. The optimum parameters for the maximum tensile load-minimum heat input were predicted, and the individual significance of parameters on the response was evaluated by ANOVA results. The optimum levels of the process parameters were defined. Furthermore, microstructural examination and microhardness measurements of the selected welds were conducted. The samples of the dissimilar joints showed a remarkable microstructural change from nearly fully martensitic in the weld bead to the unchanged microstructure in the base metals. The heat affected zone (HAZ region of joints was divided into five subzones. The fusion zone resulted in an important hardness increase, but the formation of a soft zone in the HAZ region.

  13. Genotoxicity investigation of araticum(Annona crassiflora Mart., 1841, Annonaceae using SOS-Inductest and Ames test

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    JB. Vilar

    Full Text Available Although the use of medicinal plants or natural products has increased in recent decades all over the world, little information is available on their potential risk to health. Annona crassiflora Mart., a plant commonly known as araticum in Brazil, has been widely used in folk medicine for a long time since its seeds and leaves are often utilised in the treatment of cancer, snake bites, and venereal diseases, its fruits are consumed as tonic and astringent, and its bark powder has anti-fungal and anti-rheumatic properties. To evaluate the genotoxic and mutagenic properties induced by the ethanolic extract of araticum leaves, we performed the prophage λ induction (Inductest and bacterial mutagenicity assays. We used Escherichia coli WP2s(λ and RJF013 strains in the lysogenic induction test, whereas the mutagenic studies were carried out using Salmonella typhimurium histidine auxotroph strains TA97a, TA98, TA100, and TA102. Each experiment was performed three times in duplicate and included positive and negative controls. No statistically significant (p > 0.05 positive results were obtained for any of the strains tested, which suggests that the ethanolic extract of araticum leaves did not exhibit direct mechanisms of genotoxicity or mutagenicity that could be detected by the tests used in the present work.

  14. Numerical simulation of a 200 kW down draft gasifier using acai seed (Euterpe oleracea mart.) as fuel

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Itai, Y.; Rocha, H.M.Z. [Universidade Federal do Para (UFPA), Belem, PA (Brazil). Faculdade de Engenharia Mecanica]. E-mails: yuuitai@ufpa.br; hendrick@ufpa.br; Brasil, A.M. [Universidade Federal do Para (UFPA), Belem, PA (Brazil). Faculdade de Engenharia Sanitaria e Ambiental]. E-mail: ambrasil@ufpa.br; Malico, I. [Universidade de Evora (Portugal)]. E-mail: imbm@uevora.pt

    2008-07-01

    In this work a thermochemical equilibrium model for downdraft gasifiers has been proposed. The model was compared to the model developed in Gordon and McBride (1994). The properties such as efficiency of cold gas, LHV and temperature of an Amazonian biomass Euterpe olearacea Mart. was simulated. The numerical simulations aimed the maximization of H{sub 2} and CH{sub 4} in a gasification process. The model simulated numerically the influence of the gasifying relative fuel/air ratio and the biomass moisture content on the syngas composition. Two values of moisture content 33% and 37.5% were suggested for the gasification of acai seed for the maximization of the H{sub 2} and CH{sub 4} concentrations in a range of the equivalence ratio, {phi}, between 2.3 and 4. The results also showed that to achieve the maximization of CH{sub 4} with {phi} = 4 the reaction temperature drops in average of 35.44%. (author)

  15. Contribuição ao estudo da atividade antifúngica de Maytenus ilicifolia Mart. ex Reiss., Celastraceae

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    M. M. Cunico

    Full Text Available Maytenus ilicifolia Mart. ex Reiss, Celastraceae, espinheira-santa, é nativa em muitas partes da América do Sul, sendo encontrada no sul do Brasil. É utilizada no tratamento de gastrite, úlceras e outras desordens do estômago, na forma de decocção das folhas ou extrato liofilizado em cápsulas. Neste trabalho, estudou-se a atividade antifúngica do seu extrato etanólico sobre o crescimento micelial dos fungos fitopatogênicos Colletotrichum acutatum, Fusarium oxysporum e Cylindrocladium spathulatum. Na comparação do crescimento micelial de isolados desses fungos em BDA (Batata Dextrose Agar, adicionados do extrato etanólico da espinheira-santa, foi observado que o mesmo inibiu em mais de 10% o crescimento micelial de Fusarium oxysporum, nas três concentrações avaliadas (0,2; 0,4 e 0,6mg/mL, estimulou o crescimento micelial de Colletotrichum acutatum em mais de 30% na concentração de 0,2mg/mL, e algumas de suas frações inibiram o desenvolvimento de Cylindrocladium spathulatum.

  16. Violent Speech Acts in the South A and B areas of José Martí District

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    Massiel Hernández-González

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available A new tendency in speakers to prefer nonpolite strategies can also include some rude speech acts and to get the control of the other person All these are the reasons that lead the autor of this paper to start this research that consist of an study case of the courtesy emphazizing in the verbal violence, taking also into account not only the spanish speech but the recent studies made in Cuba. The South A and B of Santiago community of José Martí District is an example of that and for that reason it became of special interest for the analysis of those violent samples in the use of the language. The objective of the paper is to describe the linguistic elements that characterized the violent speech acts in that neighbourhood with the aim to contribute to the sociocultural characterization of the community so a multidisciplinary intervention can be developed there. Uncovered recorders the work with the field study notebook and the application of a social habit tests were the techniques used. All the results obtained were triangled.

  17. Modeling the Potential Distribution of Picea chihuahuana Martínez, an Endangered Species at the Sierra Madre Occidental, Mexico

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    Victor Aguilar-Soto

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Species distribution models (SDMs help identify areas for the development of populations or communities to prevent extinctions, especially in the face of the global environmental change. This study modeled the potential distribution of the tree Picea chihuahuana Martínez, a species in danger of extinction, using the maximum entropy modeling method (MaxEnt at three scales: local, state and national. We used a total of 38 presence data from the Sierra Madre Occidental. At the local scale, we compared MaxEnt with the reclassification and overlay method integrated in a geographic information system. MaxEnt generated maps with a high predictive capability (AUC > 0.97. The distribution of P. chihuahuana is defined by vegetation type and minimum temperature at national and state scales. At the local scale, both models calculated similar areas for the potential distribution of the species; the variables that better defined the species distribution were vegetation type, aspect and distance to water flows. Populations of P. chihuahuana have always been small, but our results show potential habitat greater than the area of the actual distribution. These results provide an insight into the availability of areas suitable for the species’ regeneration, possibly through assisted colonization.

  18. Dualidades luteranas. Breve ensayo sobre la libertad, la servidumbre y la obediencia en Martín Lutero

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    Ignacio Luis Moretti

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available ¿Cómo es posible pensar la relación entre los preceptos religiosos y los conceptos políticos de igualdad, libertad y ley? ¿Se trata de esferas mutuamente excluyentes o de dualidades en permanente tensión? ¿Cómo compatibilizar la obediencia religiosa con la primacía de la ley positiva? Estos son algunos de los interrogantes que pretende exponer la inherente tirantez constituyente de todo pensamiento político en relación con la sustancia y el papel de la religión, y su consecuente influencia en el tenor, densidad y caracterización de la política y lo político. Lejos de constituirse en una relación simple o lineal para el pensamiento político, plantea diversas problemáticas que deben ser explicitadas y analizadas. Este pequeño ensayo pretende esbozar un análisis crítico de esta relación, tomando para ello el pensamiento rupturista de Martín Lutero y complementando sus reformas teológicas con su pensamiento eminentemente político.

  19. Genetic structure, mating system, and long-distance gene flow in heart of palm (Euterpe edulis Mart.).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaiotto, F A; Grattapaglia, D; Vencovsky, R

    2003-01-01

    We report a detailed analysis of the population genetic structure, mating system, and gene flow of heart of palm (Euterpe edulis Mart.-Arecaceae) in central Brazil. This palm is considered a keystone species because it supplies fruits for birds and rodents all year and is intensively harvested for culinary purposes. Two populations of this palm tree were examined, using 18 microsatellite loci. The species displays a predominantly outcrossed mating system (tm = 0.94), with a probability of full sibship greater than 70% within open-pollinated families. The following estimates of interpopulation genetic variation were calculated and found significant: FIT = 0.17, FIS = 0.12, FST = 0.06, and RST = 0.07. This low but significant level of interpopulation genetic variation indicates high levels of gene flow. Two adult trees were identified as likely seed parents (P > 99.9%) of juveniles located at a distance of 22 km. Gene flow over such distances has not been reported before for tropical tree species. The establishment and management of in situ genetic reserves or ex situ conservation and breeding populations for E. edulis should contemplate the collection of several hundreds open-pollinated maternal families from relatively few distant populations to maximize the genetic sampling of a larger number of pollen parents.

  20. Atividade antioxidante das folhas de espinheira-santa - Maytenus ilicifolia Mart. ex Reiss., secas em diferentes temperaturas

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    Myrian Lane Soares Negri

    Full Text Available Maytenus ilicifolia Mart. ex Reiss, a espinheira-santa verdadeira, é largamente utilizada para tratamento de gastrites e úlceras estomacais. O seu valor terapêutico é atribuído principalmente aos polifenóis (flavonóides e taninos e triterpenos. Os polifenóis são bastante estudados e estão relacionados à atividade antioxidante exercida pela planta. Existem vários métodos para avaliar a atividade antioxidante, a qual pode ser medida a capacidade antioxidante total utilizando o método de formação do complexo fosfomolibdênio e a atividade antioxidante em relação à redução de um radical, utilizando-se o DPPH (2,2-difenil-1-picrilhidrazila. A atividade antioxidante das folhas de espinheira-santa seca em diferentes temperaturas foi avaliada, visando verificar a possível influência das temperaturas de secagens e seu poder antioxidante. Foram utilizadas cinco temperaturas (40, 50, 60, 70 e 80 ºC e uma temperatura de secagem de rotina, de um produtor/beneficiador de plantas medicinais. As menores temperaturas apresentaram as maiores atividades antioxidantes.

  1. Perfil fitoquímico e ensaio microbiológico dos extratos da entrecasca de Maytenus rigida Mart. (Celastraceae

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    Charles S. Estevam

    Full Text Available Maytenus rigida Mart (Celastraceae, conhecida por "Bom-homem", "Bom-nome", "Cabelo-de-negro", "Casca-grossa" e "Pau-de-colher", é uma arvore de pequeno porte. A entrecasca do caule é empregada popularmente no Nordeste do Brasil no tratamento das dores em geral, infecções e inflamações. O presente trabalho avaliou tanto o perfil fitoquímico de M. rigida por meio de um roteiro analítico, quanto à atividade antibiótica dos extratos pelo método de Kirby-Bauer modificado. Os resultados demonstraram que os extratos etanólico, aquoso, clorofórmico, acetato de etila e hidroalcoólico de M. rigida apresentam atividade antibacteriana contra Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa e Staphylococcus aureus, enquanto que a fração hexânica não exibe qualquer atividade. Catequinas, quinonas, esteróides, triterpenos, saponinas, flavonóides e compostos fenólicos foram detectados na análise fitoquímica.

  2. ANÁLISE ESTRUTURAL DE AÇAIZAIS NATIVOS (Euterpe oleracea Mart. EM FLORESTA DE VÁRZEA, AMAPÁ, BRASIL

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    Marcelo de Jesus Veiga Carim

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se com este trabalho analisar a estrutura das populações de açaizais da várzea estuarina do município de Mazagão-AP. Utilizou-se cinco parcelas amostrais de 1ha, subdivididas em 50 subparcelas de 200m2. Todos os indivíduos com CAP 10cm, a partir de 3 metros de altura foram mensurados e estratificados em classes de tamanho. Os dados foram digitalizados no software Excel. Foi analisado as medidas de tendência central e de dispersão por meio do programa BIOSTAT. Registrou-se 545 touceiras de açaizeiros (Euterpe oleracea Mart. com 1.934 plantas e 3.474 perfilhos. Os valores de circunferência apresentaram maior número de indivíduos entre 15,1cm a 30cm, assumindo aproximadamente 58% do total amostrado. Observou-se que, entre 10m e 25m de altura concentraram-se o maior número de indivíduos. A média de touceiras foi de 109 com 386,8 plantas e 694,8 perfilhos para as cinco áreas trabalhadas. Palavras-chave: estuário amazônico, ribeirinhos, açaí. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18561/2179-5746/biotaamazonia.v4n4p45-51

  3. Ontogênese, anatomia e ultra-estrutura dos nectários extraflorais de Hymenaea stigonocarpa Mart. ex Hayne (Fabaceae - Caesalpinioideae Ontogenesis, anatomy, and ultrastructure of Hymenaea stigonocarpa Mart. ex Hayne (Fabaceae - Caesalpinioideae extrafloral nectaries

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    Élder Antônio Sousa Paiva

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available O jatobá-do-cerrado (Hymenaea stigonocarpa Mart. ex Hayne apresenta nectários extraflorais (NEFs, os quais são descritos pela primeira vez no gênero. Neste trabalho foram estudadas a distribuição, ontogênese, estrutura e ultra-estrutura dos nectários extraflorais (NEFs. Amostras de folhas em várias fases de desenvolvimento foram coletadas, fixadas e processadas para estudos em microscopia de luz e eletrônica de transmissão e varredura, segundo técnicas convencionais. Testes histoquímicos foram empregados para determinar a natureza química da secreção. Os NEFs estão distribuídos por todo o limbo, sendo mais concentrados nos terços basal e médio de cada folíolo. Estes nectários são embutidos no mesofilo, apresentam tecido secretor envolvido por uma endoderme e são vascularizados por xilema e floema. A atividade secretora dos NEFs é limitada à fase juvenil da folha. Nas folhas mais velhas, os NEFs tornam-se não funcionais. O tecido secretor dos NEFs é formado a partir da protoderme, enquanto a endoderme tem origem no meristema fundamental. No tecido secretor de nectários funcionais as células apresentam citoplasma denso, núcleo volumoso, mitocôndrias, plastídios com sistema de membranas pouco desenvolvido, gotas de óleo dispersas no citosol, dictiossomos e segmentos de retículo endoplasmático liso. A secreção é liberada por meio de rupturas cuticulares e apresenta polissacarídeos e lipídios.Hymenaea stigonocarpa Mart. ex Hayne, known as "jatobá-do-cerrado" has extrafloral nectaries (EFNs, which are reported for the first time in Hymenaea genus. In this research the origin, distribution, structure, and ultrastructure of the EFNs were studied. Samples of leaflets at different developmental stages were collected, fixed and processed by standard methods for analyses at light and electronic microscopes; histochemical tests were employed to determine the nature of secretion products. EFNs are distributed all over

  4. In vitro seed germination and seedling development of Annona crassiflora Mart. Germinação de sementes e desenvolvimento in vitro de plântulas de Annona crassiflora Mart.

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    Márcia de Nazaré Oliveira Ribeiro

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Annona crassiflora Mart known as 'araticum', 'marolo' or 'field araticum' is a typical fruit from the Cerrado biome of Brazil with socio-economic and medicinal importance. Normally, Annona crassiflora is propagated through seeds. However, due to a deep dormancy that the seeds display at dispersion and the difficulty to obtain uniform plants in a short time period, micropropagation may be a feasible alternative. Concentrations of gibberellic acid (GA3 and naphthalene-acetic acid (NAA and their interactive effects on in vitro seed germination and seedling development of Annona crassiflora were studied. Mature fruits of Annona crassiflora were depulped and the seeds washed in clear water and dried at room temperature. Seed coat was removed and the seeds were placed on Murashige & Skoog (MS medium supplemented with gibberellic acid (GA3 and naphthalene-acetic acid (NAA, 30 g L-1 sucrose and 6 g L-1 agar-agar. Seeds were kept under these conditions for 30 days. After this period, seedlings were kept for another 90 days on Wood Plant Medium (WPM with 20 g L-1 sucrose and 5 g L-1 agar-agar supplemented with the same GA3 and NAA concentrations. Cultures were incubated under controlled conditions at 25 ± 2°C temperature, 16: 8 (light: dark photoperiod of 32 µmol m-2 s-1 irradiance provided by cool white fluorescent tubes (Philips. Use of WPM medium supplemented with 25-32 mg L-1 GA3 or MS with 26-30 mg L-1 GA3 and 2 mg L-1 NAA promoted rooting and plant growth.O araticum ou marolo (Annona crassiflora Mart. é uma fruta típica de Cerrado com grande importância sócio-econômico e medicinal. Sua propagação pode ser feita através de sementes, porém devido à dormência das sementes e dificuldade de se obterem plantas uniformes e em curto espaço de tempo, a micropropagação poderá ser uma alternativa. Estudaram-se os efeitos do GA3 associado ao ANA sobre a germinação de sementes e desenvolvimento in vitro de marolo. Frutos maduros foram

  5. Micropropagation, seed propagation and germplasm bank of Mandevilla velutina (Mart. Woodson Micropropagação, propagação por sementes e banco de germoplasma de Mandevilla velutina (Mart. Woodson

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    Ronaldo Biondo

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Mandevilla velutina (Mart. Woodson (Apocynaceae is a medicinal plant species with antivenom properties, native from Brazilian Savanna regions (Cerrado, which due to overexploitation and habitat deforestation is in danger of extinction. As an initiative for conserving this endangered but economically important plant species, a micropropagation protocol was developed and genotypes were stored in the Germplasm Bank "Cerrado In vitro". For the in vitro propagation of M. velutina, nodal segments were inoculated on Murashige and Skoog (MS medium supplemented with different concentrations of BA, Zeatin, 2ip, DTT and TDZ. Best multiplication ratio was achieved when to the medium 0.44 µM BA, ranging 1: 6.7, were added. Plantlets cultured on MS/2 medium supplemented with 26.85 µM NAA rooted successfully (50.5%. Although rooted and un-rooted plantlets acclimatized to soil conditions, great losses were observed within un-rooted plantlets, while the rooted presented 100 % survival. It was possible to maintain 43% of the M. velutina germplasm under healthy conditions for six months, with no subcultures, using the MS medium supplemented with 2% sucrose, 13.8 mM spermidine, 2% sorbitol and 2% dextrose.Mandevilla velutina (Mart. Woodson (Apocynaceae é uma planta medicinal de espécie nativa de regiões do Cerrado brasileiro com propriedades anti-ofídicas. Devido a alta exploração e devastação deste bioma, M. velutina está em perigo de extinção. Como uma iniciativa para a conservação desta espécie ameaçada e economicamente importante, um protocolo de micropropagação foi desenvolvido e genótipos foram colocados no Banco de Germoplasma "Cerrado In vitro". Para a propagação in vitro de M. velutina, segmentos nodais foram inoculados no meio Murashige and Skoog (MS suplementado com diferentes concentrações de BA, zeatina, 2ip, DTT e TDZ. A melhor resposta de multiplicação foi obtida em meio suplementado com 0.44 µM BA na razão 1: 6.7. Pl

  6. Enraizamento de miniestacas de espinheira-santa (Maytenus ilicifolia Mart. ex Reissek em diferentes substratos Rooting of espinheira-santa (Maytenus ilicifolia Mart. ex Reissek minicuttings on different substrates

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    Daniela Macedo de Lima

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Pertencente à família Celastraceae, a espinheira-santa (Maytenus ilicifolia Mart. ex Reissek é uma espécie medicinal nativa da região sul do Brasil, utilizadas no tratamento de gastrite e úlceras gástricas. Estudos sobre a produção de mudas por meio de estaquia demonstraram que esta espécie é considerada de difícil enraizamento. Objetivou-se, no presente trabalho, avaliar os efeitos de diferentes substratos no enraizamento de miniestacas de espinheira-santa. Miniestacas apicais foram coletadas a partir das brotações das minicepas de 10 meses de idade, mantidas em casa-de-vegetação e confeccionadas com 3 a 4cm de comprimento, mantendo-se duas folhas com a superfície reduzida à metade. O plantio foi realizado em caixas contendo areia e tubetes contendo casca de arroz carbonizada, Plantmax HT® ou vermiculita de granulometria fina como substrato. As miniestacas foram mantidas em casa-de-vegetação com nebulização intermitente e 90 dias após o plantio, foram avaliadas as características: porcentagem de estacas enraizadas, número e comprimento médio de raízes, porcentagem de estacas com calos, sobrevivência e mortalidade. O delineamento experimental foi inteiramente casualizado, com 4 tratamentos e 4 repetições de 22 estacas por parcela. A análise estatística revelou que os substratos areia (92,04%, casca de arroz carbonizada (88,66% e Plantmax HT® (94,31% apresentaram índices de enraizamento significativamente superiores à vermiculita (78,41%, além de menores taxas de mortalidade, sendo que a propagação vegetativa de espinheira-santa por meio de miniestaquia é viável.Espinheira-santa (Maytenus ilicifolia Mart. ex Reissek, which belongs to the Celastraceae family, is a medicinal species native to the south region of Brazil, used in gastritis and gastric ulcer treatment. Studies about plant production by cutting have shown that this species is considered difficult to root. The purpose of this work was to evaluate

  7. Application of low doses of ionizing radiation in the Brazilian fruit tucuma (Astrocaryum vulgare Mart.); Aplicacao de baixas doses de radiacao ionizante no fruto brasileiro tucuma (Astrocaryum vulgare Mart.)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lima, Antonio Luis dos Santos; Lima, Keila dos Santos Cople; Araujo, Leandro Moreira, E-mail: santoslima@ime.eb.b, E-mail: keila@ime.eb.b [Instituto Militar de Engenharia (IME), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Gody, Ronoel Luiz de Oliveira; Pacheco, Sidney, E-mail: ronoel@ctaa.embrapa.b, E-mail: sidney@ctaa.embrapa.b [EMBRAPA Agroindustria de Alimentos (CTAA), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2011-07-01

    The tucuma (Astrocaryum vulgare Mart.) is a native fruit of Amazonia, occurring mainly in the state of Para, but also found in the Brazilian northeast states and in the Brazilian central-western states. The tucuma is considered an excellent source of carotenoids with a very high concentration of {beta}-carotene, which is a precursor of vitamin A. In addition to carotenoids it is an important source of vitamin B2 (riboflavin) in fruits. This study aimed to analyze the effects of gamma radiation on the nutritional value of tucuma. The fruits were irradiated at doses of 0.5, 1.0 and 2.0 kGy irradiator with a source of cesium 137. The carotenoids were determined by spectrophotometry. The analysis of {alpha} and {beta}-carotene, thiamine, riboflavin were carried out by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The {beta}-carotene accounts for 80% of total carotenoids in tucuma, and with a dose of 2 kGy, it showed the highest reduction of {beta}-carotene, about 7.5% in relation to the control. The tucuma fruit showed high levels of riboflavin from 0.183 to 0.222 {mu}g 100 g{sup -1}, and maintained stability after the gamma radiation process. However, it had low levels of thiamine from 0.050 to 0.033 {mu}g 100 g{sup -1}, and irradiated at a dose of 2 kGy showed significant reductions of thiamine, about 34% in relation to the control. (author)

  8. Defensa de lo local en Nuestra América y Coney Island de José Martí: el ensayo como un espacio para la ideología dentro de las raíces hispanoamericanas

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    Ángel, Roberto

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available José Martí proposes that for the proper development of the Republic in America it is essential to secure a government that has as the premises of its administration the natural categories of its origin. To evaluate the local characteristics Martí was thinking of I will carry out an analysis of two of his essays: Nuestra América (Martí, 1977 and Coney Island (Martí, 1881, in an attempt to unravel the polarisation strategy which supports his argument. Indeed, through a semantic axis the author places the concepts of nature and interiority over external and foreign, making a parallel between what he calls “natural men in America” and those who represent the “other”, the people of the United States. In this way, it will be possible to see how Martí will question the alleged hegemony of the northern country, claiming the primitive qualities of American indigenous peoples, to condition the problem of allocation of barbarism. The main theoretical framework to address this work is the use of the theories of discourse analysis of Teun van Dijk, which will serve me to develop and analyse the semantic axis that Martí creates in the works studied.José Martí propone que para el buen desarrollo de la República en América es indispensable un gobierno que fije como premisas para su administración las categorías naturales y autóctonas de su origen. Para apreciar cuáles son las características locales pensadas por Martí llevaré a cabo un análisis de dos de sus ensayos: Nuestra América (Martí, 1977 y Coney Island (Martí, 1881, con la intención de desentrañar la estrategia de polarización que da sustento a su argumentación. En efecto, el autor a través de un eje semántico sitúa los conceptos de naturaleza e interioridad por sobre lo externo y lo foráneo, realizando un paralelo entre lo que él llama “los hombres naturales de América” y aquellos que representarían a los “otros”, es decir a los habitantes de los

  9. La técnica narrativa del espejo en Carmen de Icaza (1899-1979 y en Carmen Martín Gaite (1925-2000 / The mirror’s narrative technique in Carmen de Icaza (1899-1979 and in Carmen Martín Gaite (1925-2000

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    Carmen Fragero Guerra

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: El texto muestra algunas coincidencias entre las técnicas narrativas de la olvidada novelista Carmen de Icaza (1899-1979 y Carmen Martín Gaite (1925-2000. Analizamos en La fuente enterrada (1947 y en Yo, la reina (1950 de Carmen de Icaza el uso del espejo como una técnica narrativa para describir la apariencia física de los personajes y sus sentimientos interiores. Luego, estudiamos cómo estos dos aspectos han sido tomados por Carmen Martín Gaite y desarrollados en un modo más amplio e imaginativo. Abstract: The text shows some coincidences in narrative techniques between the forgotten novelist Carmen de Icaza (1899-1979 and Carmen Martín Gaite (1925-2000. We analyze in La Fuente Enterrada (1947 and in Yo, la Reina (1950 by Carmen de Icaza the use of mirror as a narrative technique intended to describe the characters’ appearance and their inner feelings. Then we study how this aspect has been taken by Carmen Martin Gaite and developed in a broader and more imaginative way.

  10. EFEITO DO COBRE SOBRE O CRESCIMENTO E QUALIDADE DE MUDAS DE Stryphnodendron polyphyllum Mart. E Cassia multijuga Rich.

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    Rodrigo Ferreira da Silva

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5902/1980509815730A contaminação do solo com cobre tem se tornado comum em regiões de mineração e agrícolas pelo uso de fungicidas a base de cobre e aplicação de dejeto líquido de suíno ao solo, causando redução na produtividade das plantas. O trabalho objetivou determinar o efeito de doses de cobre no crescimento e qualidade de mudas de Barbatimão (Stryphnodendron polyphyllum Mart. e Cássia (Cassia multijuga Rich.. O delineamento experimental foi inteiramente casualizado num fatorial (2 x 4, sendo as duas espécies florestais, e quatro doses de cobre: 0; 150; 300 e 450 mg kg-1, com 10 repetições. Avaliou-se a altura de planta, diâmetro do colo, peso da matéria seca radicular e da parte aérea, comprimento e área superficial específica radicular, e os índices de qualidade de mudas: relação entre altura da parte aérea e diâmetro do coleto; altura da parte aérea e peso da matéria seca da parte aérea e o Índice de Qualidade de Dickson. Os resultados demonstram que as doses de cobre testadas não influenciam a qualidade de mudas da Cássia enquanto o Barbatimão mantém a qualidade de mudas até 300 mg kg-1 de cobre adicionado ao solo. O Barbatimão apresenta maior crescimento e qualidade de mudas que a Cássia em solo contaminado com cobre.

  11. Impacto da herbivoria por caprinos sobre as populações naturais de Bromelia laciniosa Mart. ex Schult. f. (Bromeliaceae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabio da Silva do Espírito Santo

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo teve como objetivo quantificar o impacto da herbivoria por caprinos sobre as populações naturais de Bromelia laciniosa Mart. ex Schult. f. (Bromeliaceae, espécie endêmica da Caatinga. Os estudos de campo foram desenvolvidos na localidade de Caboclo (8º28'56,4"S, 40º56'6,9"W, 588 m alt., Município de Afrânio, Pernambuco. Essa área é considerada de alta importância biológica e, portanto, prioritária para a conservação. A análise quantitativa desse impacto foi realizada a partir do inventário de 10 parcelas com 2.000 m², ao longo de uma trilha pré-existente na área de estudo, e consistiu em contabilizar os indivíduos de B. laciniosa em floração e o porcentual de indivíduos que tiveram suas inflorescências forrageadas pelos caprinos. Adicionalmente, também foram obtidas informações referentes à fenologia, à morfologia floral e às taxas de formação de frutos e sementes dessa Bromeliaceae. Verificou-se que, dos 246 indivíduos inventariados, 65,8% tiveram suas inflorescências forrageadas por esses animais. A estimativa do número de flores consumidas foi de 8.748 e o número provável de frutos e sementes que deixaram de ser produzidos, de aproximadamente 7.227 e 252.945, respectivamente. O forrageamento das inflorescências diminuiu as taxas de formação de frutos e sementes, podendo, desse modo, interferir diretamente na conservação dessa bromélia.

  12. The use of herbs against neglected diseases: Evaluation of in vitro leishmanicidal and trypanocidal activity of Stryphnodendron rotundifolium Mart

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vivianne C.S. Vandesmet

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available The evaluation of the leishmanicidal and trypanocidal activity of the hydroalcoholic extract of the bark of Stryphnodendron rotundifolium Mart. (EHCSR was carried out to find an alternative treatment for parasitic diseases. EHCSR was prepared and used at four different concentrations (1000, 500, 250, 125 μg/mL in in vitro assays for activity against Leishmania promastigotes using the species Leishmania brasiliensis and Leishmania infantum and for trypanocidal activity using the epimastigotes of Trypanosoma cruzi. We also tested EHCSR for cytotoxicity against adhered cultured Murine J774 fibroblasts. The tests were performed in triplicate, and the percent mortality of parasites, IC50 and percent toxicity were determined. With regard to anti-leishmania activity against L. infantum, there was a mean mortality of 45% at all concentrations, and against L. brasiliensis, a substantial effect was seen at 1000 μg/mL with 56.38% mortality, where the IC50 values were 1338.76 and 987.35 μg/mL, respectively. Trypanocidal activity was notably high at 1000 μg/mL extract with 82.31% mortality of epimastigotes. Cytotoxicity at the highest extract concentrations of 500 and 1000 μg/mL was respectively 75.12% and 94.14%, with IC50 = 190.24 μg/mL. Despite that the extract has anti-parasitic activity, its substantial cytotoxicity against fibroblasts cells makes its systemic use nonviable as a therapeutic alternative.

  13. Knowledge and extractivism of Stryphnodendron rotundifolium Mart. in a local community of the Brazilian Savanna, Northeastern Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feitosa, Ivanilda Soares; Albuquerque, Ulysses Paulino; Monteiro, Júlio Marcelino

    2014-09-09

    This study aims to understand how the stem bark of Stryphnodendron rotundifolium Mart. is used by a rural community in the savanna of Northeastern Brazil, associated with a preliminary assessment involving plant population structure and extractivism in the main sites of collection. A population structure study and analysis of bark extractivism was conducted in two sites: one within the forest and another at its edge. We had the intention of testing whether there are differences between these sites; since the local extractive practice is prohibited, expecting more intense extraction in the forest interior than its edge by the local fiscalization. We interviewed 120 informants who reported knowing and using the species, and also the places of extractivism. We also calculated quantitative measures of local knowledge, and the influence of gender and age on the knowledge about this species. Knowledge of the uses was evenly distributed between men and women. A total of 28 specimens were recorded at Site 1, whereas 23 were identified at Site 2, with the specimens at both sites distributed in 4-diameter classes with 4-cm intervals. Nine of the specimens found in Site 1 (32.14%) showed some sign of extraction. No specimen from Site 2 showed signs of extraction. In Site 1, the total area of stem bark removed was 43,468 cm2, and the total area of stem bark available was 33,200 cm2. In Site 2, only the available stem-bark area of 44,666 cm2 was identified because no specimens were harvested. There is no difference in knowledge of this species regarding the gender and age. Stryphnodendron rotundifolium is a key resource for the studied community. A large proportion of bark collected from the first diameter size class may affect the growth of these individuals and may influence the recruitment process. Perhaps, this effect may explain the absence of individuals in some size classes.

  14. Toxicity of the phenolic extract from jabuticabeira (Myrciaria cauliflora (Mart. O. Berg fruit skins on Spodoptera frugiperda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Paula C Alves

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda J.E. Smith, 1797 (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae is the main pest of maize, besides attacking sorghum and cotton crops. The control of this pest has been accomplished mainly with the use of synthetic insecticides but, due to the growing concern about the environment and food quality, phenolic compounds have shown their potential for the biological control of this insect. Thus, the objective of the present study was to evaluate the efficiency of the extract of jabuticabeira, Myrciaria cauliflora [Mart.] O. Berg (Myrtaceae fruit skin flour in the control of S. frugiperda. Skins of M. cauliflora Sabará genotype were dried at 45 °C in a forced air oven. In order to obtain the extract, 1.0 g flour was mixed with 10 mL acetone: water solution (7:3 v/v. Forty-eight-hour-old S. frugiperda caterpillars were placed in glass tubes with an artificial diet containing the extract at concentrations of 0, 250, 500, 1000, and 2000 mg L-1. The extract, in which the phenolic compounds gallic acid, gallocatechin, catechin, epicatechin, ellagic acid, and salicylic acid were identified at a concentration of 2000 mg L-1, in average, increased mortality rates by 150% in the larval stage, duration of larval stages by 60%, and pupal by 17%, and decreased amount of females by 55%. On the other hand, the extract at 1000 mg L-1 only increased duration of larval period by 24%. It was concluded that the extract is harmful to this insect, probably due to the presence of phenolic compounds.

  15. Mediaciones tecnoeducativas. Consideraciones teóricas a partir de la obra de Jesús Martín-Barbero

    OpenAIRE

    María Belén Fernández Massara

    2016-01-01

    El presente ensayo recupera los planteamientos de Jesús Martín-Barbero, con el objeto de examinar la problemática de las mediaciones, sus alcances y posibles derivaciones en las investigaciones sobre las Tecnologías de la Información y la Comunicación. Pretende aportar a una articulación analítica entre la categoría de mediaciones y la de apropiación, dimensionando los desplazamientos hacia las mediaciones tecnológicas y tecnoeducativas.

  16. Atividade antiinflamtória do extrato aquoso e frações do fruto da Cayaponia cabocla (Vell.) Mart. (Cucurbitaceae)

    OpenAIRE

    Provasi, Marilene; Silva, Daniel R.; Bersani Amado, Ciomar Aparecida; Delani, Tieles C. O.; Nakamura, Celso Vataru; Dias Filho, Benedito Prado; Cortez, Diógenes Aparício Garcia

    2007-01-01

    O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a atividade anitinflamatória tópica in vivo do extrato aquoso e frações do fruto de Cayaponia cabocla (Vell.) Mart. (Curcubitaceae). Extratos e frações dos frutos frescos de C. cabocla foram avaliadas a ação antiinflamatória sobre o modelo de pleurisia induzida por carragenina e edema de orelhas de camundongos induzido por óleo de cróton. Doses de 250 e 500 mg mg Kg do extrato aquoso reduziram o volume do exsudato pleural e o número de células migradas, e...

  17. Circulating Tyrosinase and MART-1 mRNA does not Independently Predict Relapse or Survival in Patients with AJCC Stage I–II Melanoma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schmidt, Henrik; Sørensen, Boe S; Sjoegren, Pia

    2006-01-01

    The detection of melanoma cells in peripheral blood has been proposed to select patients with a high risk of relapse. In this study, tyrosinase and melanoma antigen recognized by T cells 1 (MART-1) mRNA expression was evaluated in serial samples obtained before definitive surgery and during follow......-up in patients with American Joint Committee on Cancer stage I-II melanoma. Serial samples (n=2,262) were collected from 236 patients from 1997 to 2002. Analyses of the RNA samples were performed with a calibrated reverse transcriptase-PCR assay. Gender, age, primary tumor site, ulceration, thickness, Clark...

  18. Diiagnóstico económico y financiero de Electrónica Martínez de Cartagena

    OpenAIRE

    García García, Nuria

    2015-01-01

    Este Trabajo Fin de Máster está incluido en los estudios del Máster en Contabilidad y Finanzas Corporativas realizados en la Universidad Politécnica de Cartagena en el curso académico 2014-2015. El objetivo principal de este proyecto es realizar un análisis económico y financiero de la empresa Electrónica Martínez de Cartagena, S.L. en el periodo de 2008 a 2013, mediante la utilización de una serie de técnicas estudiadas a lo largo de la carrera y perfeccionadas durante el M...

  19. Cuerpos en escena. Materialidad y cuerpo sexuado en Judith Butler y Paul B. Preciado de Martín De Mauro Rucovsky

    OpenAIRE

    Ramírez, Antonieta

    2017-01-01

    La creciente tendencia hacia la desmaterialización de la realidad, de las relaciones y de los mismos sujetos en el mundo que habitamos es motivo suficiente para que Martín De Mauro plantee la pregunta sobre si “¿el cuerpo, o cualquier modalidad material del cuerpo es puro efecto del lenguaje?” (p. 26). Su inquietud tiene como principal motivo la “sospecha generalizada de una pérdida o menosprecio del cuerpo como realidad, naturaleza y materia sexuada” (p. 29), por lo que, para dirimir esta su...

  20. Martí y el enfoque de género. Una nueva mirada en torno a la teoría feminista

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lic. Caridad Cala-Montoya

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Intelectuales de la talla de José Martí, quien en los contenidos de sus discursos expone y desglosa, mucho antes que la teoría feminista se desarrollara sólidamente, los problemas de diferenciación, marginación y subvaloración en que la mujer se encontraba inmersa; así como las repercusiones en el desarrollo social e individual que los mismos poseían, son elementos necesarios a destacar en nuestro siglo. Con vista a insertar el pensamiento martiano en los estudios de ésta índole realizados.

  1. Primer registro de Pisione guanche San Martín, López & Núñez, 1999 (Annelida: Sigalionidae en el golfo de Vizcaya.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julián Martínez

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available En el transcurso de un programa de vigilancia ambiental llevado a cabo por INSUB el 9 de Mayo de 2017, dos ejemplares completos y un fragmento de Pisione guanche San Martín, López & Núñez, 1999 (Annelida: Polychaeta: Sigalionidae han sido identificados. Esta es la primera referencia de la especie para el golfo de Vizcaya. Los ejemplares fueron obtenidos en fondos blandos circalitorales de la plataforma continental de Zarautz (Costa vasca, SE del golfo de Vizcaya. En el presente artículo se aportan aspectos morfológicos, geográficos y ecológicos de la especie.

  2. The effect of Store Image and Service Quality on Private Label Brand Image and Purchase Intention. Case Study: Lotte Mart Gandaria City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nosica Rizkalla

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Retailers produce their own private label brand as a strategy to distinguish their products from competitors’. Based on previous research, store image and service quality can be used to improve private label brand image and purchase intention. A Research is conducted at Lotte Mart, Gandaria City Mall in Jakarta to find out whether store image and service quality could influence private label brand image and purchase intention. This research adopts Wu et.al.'s framework (2010. Data processing uses Structure Equation Modeling. Research outcome reveals that service quality is a significant factor in influencing private label brand image and purchase intention.

  3. Paradiis 2.0 / Laurie Werner

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Werner, Laurie

    2014-01-01

    Oracle'i tegevjuht Larry Ellison ostis 98% Hawai saarest Lanaist. Ettevõtja soovib rajada sinna tööstuspiirkondada, võtta kasutusele päikeseenergiarajatisi, tuua saarele elektriautosid ja suurendada elanikkonda

  4. Kulmudeni püssirohutolmus / Lauri Saaber

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saaber, Lauri

    1999-01-01

    Komöödiast "Metsik metsik Lääs" ("Wild Wild West") : režissöör Barry Sonnenfeld : Ameerika Ühendriigid 1999. Kriminaalkomöödia "Hunnik pappi ja suitsev kaheraudne" ("Lock, Stock & Two Smoking") : režissöör Guy Ritchie : Suurbritannia 1999

  5. Hea vaistuga miljardiliigutaja Steve Jurvetson / Lauri Levo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Levo, Lauri

    2005-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Life in Estonia 2005/06, Winter, lk. 24-27. Riskiinvesteerimisfirma Draper, Fisher, Jurvetson (DFJ) üks omanikke Steve Jurvetson tutvustab oma tüüpilist tööpäeva, haridusteed ja hobisid. Kommenteerib AS-i IT Grupp asutaja ja tuumikinvestor Jaak Ennuste

  6. Tudengid kujundavad jõekaldaid / Lauri Tankler

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tankler, Lauri

    2001-01-01

    Eesti kunstiakadeemia arhitektuuritudengitele korraldataval workshop'il Pärnus luuakse Pärnu jõe kallastele lahendusi, mis on lähtematerjaliks jõe kallaste planeeringu koostamisel, ning pannakse 28. juulil üles Kunstplatze Unabomberi galeriisse

  7. Nostalgiline nagu soe tekk / Lauri Kaare

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaare, Lauri

    2008-01-01

    22 mail esilinastub Steven Spielbergi järjekordne Indiana Jones'i film, kaasstsenaristiks ja produtsendiks George Lucas ja Harrison Fordiga nimiosas "Indiana Jones ja kristallpealuu kuningriik" ("Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull")

  8. Kuidas erineda / Lauri Jürisoo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jürisoo, Lauri, 1980-

    2006-01-01

    Näitleja George Clooney'st on saanud arvestatav režissöör ; tema mängufilmist "Head õhtut ja õnn kaasa" ("Good Night, and Good Luck") : Ameerika Ühendriigid-Jaapan-Prantsusmaa-Suurbritannia 2005

  9. Seiklusfilme maalt ja merelt / Lauri Saaber

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saaber, Lauri

    2001-01-01

    Sõjafilm "U-571" : stsenarist ja režissöör Jonathan Mostow : Ameerika Ühendriigid 2000 ja mängufilm "Ülemine piir" ("Vertical Limit") : režissöör Martin Campbell : Ameerika Ühendriigid 2000

  10. Titanic, Estonia ja Eesti / Lauri Vahtre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vahtre, Lauri, 1960-

    2002-01-01

    Signaliseerides venekeelse gümnaasiumihariduse allesjäämist on Keskerakonna ja Reformierakonna võimuliit löönud rahvusriigi pardasse suure augu, mis on vaja iga hinna eest kinni panna. Autor: Isamaaliit. Parlamendisaadik

  11. Nokia kasum tuli allapoole ootusi / Lauri Matsulevitsh

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Matsulevitsh, Lauri

    2005-01-01

    Mobiilitootja Nokia kvartalikasum ei rahuldanud turgu. Tihe konkurents vähendab telefonide müügihinda ja ettevõtte kasumlikkust. Vt. samas: Nokia edaspidi prognoose ei anna; Analüütik soovitab Nokia aktisat müüa. Diagramm: Eilsed tulemused tegid tõusutrendile lõpu

  12. Sotsialistlik filmiavangard / Lauri Kärk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kärk, Lauri, 1954-

    2008-01-01

    XXX Moskva rahvusvahelise filmifestivali kavas oli ka läbilõige "sotsialistlikust avangardismist". 1920-ndate nõukogude avangardismist ja selle suurimast väärtusest kinokunsti arengusse - montaažist

  13. Intelit kahtlustatakse konkurentsiseaduse rikkumises / Lauri Matsulevitsh

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Matsulevitsh, Lauri

    2005-01-01

    Juunis esitas Inteli konkurent Advanced Micro Devices (AMD) USAs kohtule kaebuse, mille kohaselt on Intel ebakohaste meetoditega veennud arvutifirmasid mitte kasutama AMD toodangut. Inteli kontrolli all on 90% Windowsi tarkvaral töötavate personaalarvutite mikroprotsessorite turust

  14. Meel kannab mesipuu poole / Lauri Pilter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pilter, Lauri, 1971-

    2007-01-01

    Arvustus: Liiv, Juhan. Meel paremat ei kannata : valik luulet eesti ja inglise keeles = The Mind Would Bear No Better : A Selection of Poetry in Estonian and English / tõlkinud ja koostanud Jüri Talvet. Tartu : Tartu Ülikooli Kirjastus, 2007

  15. Armin Karu muutus Eesti rikkaimaks / Lauri Matsulevitsh

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Matsulevitsh, Lauri

    2006-01-01

    Olympic Casino aktsiaid oli müügis 1,124 miljardi krooni eest, märgiti neid aga 7,5 miljardi krooni eest. Diagrammid: Viimaste börsiletulijate aktsia hinna liikumine kroonides esimesel kümnel päeval; Olympic tõi juurde uusi investoreid; Uute väärtpaberikontode arv; Aktsiaid märkinud jaeinvestorite arv viimastel IPOdel. Kommenteerivad Rainer Jürgenson, Peeter Koppel, Riho Talumaa ja Rainer Änilane

  16. Berlinale poolel teel / Lauri Kärk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kärk, Lauri, 1954-

    2002-01-01

    Berliini 52. filmifestivali käigust. Täna on festivali "Panorama Special" kavas Peeter Simmi "Head käed", mida publikule juba päris edukalt paar korda näidatud. Eesti filmid on esil ka festivali suurel filmiturul. Konkursi filmidest lähemalt prantslase F. Ozoni "8 naist" ("8 femmes")

  17. Pop & rock, Retro, Etno, Jazz / Lauri Sommer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sommer, Lauri, 1973-

    2001-01-01

    John Frusciante heliplaadi To Record Only Water in Ten Days, Titiyo heliplaadi Come Along, Alizee heliplaadi Gourmandises, Mati Nuude heliplaadi Parimad I/II, Filmi "For Love Or Country" soundtrack-albumi, ansambli Cabaret Voltaire heliplaadi Remixed, Paolo Fresu heliplaadi Sonos' E Memoria, Michael Mantleri heliplaadi Hide and Seek lühitutvustus

  18. Kingisseppadest suitsiiditerroristideni / Lauri Kärk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kärk, Lauri, 1954-

    2005-01-01

    Berliini 55. filmifestivalist ja saksa filmidest festivalil : Marc Rothemundi "Sophie Scholli viimane päev", Hannes Stöhri "Üks päev Euroopas", Tamara Trampe ning Johann Feindti dokumentaal "Valged varesed - Tšetšeenia õudus" ja Palestiinas elava Hany Abu-Assadi "Paradise Now"

  19. Raamat või film? / Lauri Birkan

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Birkan, Lauri

    2005-01-01

    Harri Potteri fänn süüvib neljanda J.K. Rowlingu Potteri raamatu ekraniseeringusse "Harry Potter ja tulepeeker" ("Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire") : režissöör Mike Newell : Suurbritannia-USA 2005

  20. Kõigi aegade suurim lugu kinoekraanil / Lauri Saaber

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saaber, Lauri

    2002-01-01

    Režissöör Peter Jackson ja esimene tema käe all valmivast kolmest filmist J.R.R. Tolkieni triloogia "Sõrmuste isand" alusel - "Sõrmuse vennaskond", "The Lord of the Rings : The Fellowship of the Ring" : Uus-Meremaa, Ameerika Ühendriigid 2001

  1. Apple otsib kohta mobiiliturul / Lauri Matsulevitsh

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Matsulevitsh, Lauri

    2005-01-01

    Apple tahab siseneda mobiiliturule, demonstreeriti Motorola mudelit Rokr, mis mängib lugusid Apple'i Tunes'i online-muusikapoest. Diagramm: Apple'i aktsia. Vt. samas: Apple on Eesti investorite meelisaktsiaid

  2. Asfalt, ainult asfalt / Lauri Kärk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kärk, Lauri, 1954-

    2005-01-01

    Trieste rahvusvaheliselt filmifestivalilt. Pikemalt vene dokumentalisti Viktor Kossakovski retrospektiivist, projektist "Visions of Europe", kus ka Arvo Iho "Euroflot" ja inglise režissööri Peter Greenaway visioon. Peauhinna sai Marina Razbežkina "Lõikusaeg"

  3. Ajalooõpik hiinlastele / Lauri Kitsnik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kitsnik, Lauri

    2008-01-01

    Hiinlannast ameerika kirjaniku Iris Changi raamatu "The Rape of Nanking" (1997) ekraniseering : Režissöör Tun Fei Mou film "Must päike : Nanjingi vägistamine" ("Black Sun : The Nanking Massacre") : Hongkong 1995

  4. Ülikoolide pingereastamisest / Lauri Randveer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Randveer, Lauri

    2006-01-01

    Euroopa juhtivaid ülikoole koondava Coimbra grupi ülikoolide rektorite aastakoosoleku raames toimunud seminaril Tartu Ülikoolis "International Ranking of Universities" arutleti viimastel aastatel üha enam kõlapinda leidnud ülikoolide pingereastamisest

  5. "Detsembrikuumus", riigi tellimus ja propaganda / Lauri Vahtre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vahtre, Lauri, 1960-

    2009-01-01

    Mängufilmi "Detsembrikuumus" ja teleseriaali "Tuulepealne maa" stsenarist vaidleb vastu meedias ilmunud kriitikute süüdistustele filmi tellimuslikkuses ja riiklikus propagandas ning sellest tulenevas ebaobjektiivsuses

  6. Meie mees Berliinis / Lauri Kärk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kärk, Lauri, 1954-

    2005-01-01

    Berliini 55. filmifestivalist : Eesti filmist festivalil (Euroopa noorte režissööride lühifilmidest koosnevat projekti "Kaotatud ja leitud" raamib Mait Laasi nukufilm "Gener+atio"), inglaseDavid MacKenzie mängufilmist "Pelgupaik" ("Asylum")

  7. Hea ja halb Baudelaire / Lauri Leesi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Leesi, Lauri, 1945-

    2000-01-01

    Arvustus: Baudelaire, Charles. Kurja lilled / koost. August Sang. Tallinn : Perioodika, 1967. (Loomingu Raamatukogu; 35-36) ; Baudelaire, Charles. Väikesed kurja lilled / koost. Indrek Hirv. Tln. : Tänapäev, 2000 ; Baudelaire, Charles. Kurja õied / tlk. Tõnu Õnnepalu. Tln. : Eesti Keele Sihtasutus, 2000

  8. Rohkem tolerantsi / Lauri Kärk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kärk, Lauri, 1954-

    2003-01-01

    Berliini 53. filmifestival avati USA muusikaliga "Chicago", mis valmis Rob Marshalli käe all John Kanderi, Fred Ebbi ja Bob Fosse muusikali järgi. Festivali juht Dieter Kosslick rõhutab loosungit "Towards Tolerance", mis olevatki festivali kava alusmõtteks

  9. Aasta film? / Lauri Jürisoo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jürisoo, Lauri, 1980-

    2000-01-01

    Mängufilm "Shaft" : režissöör John Singelton : nimiosas Samuel L. Jackson : Ameerika Ühendriigid 2000. Sama pealkirjaga film, praeguse eelkäija ja eeskuju, jõulisest mustast politseinikust linastus 1971. aastal

  10. Kadunud maailm, kaotatud õnn / Lauri Vahtre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vahtre, Lauri, 1960-

    2006-01-01

    Maailma populaarsemaid mängufilme "Tuulest viidud" ("Gone with the Wind") Margaret Mitchelli romaani järgi : režissöörid Victor Fleming, George Cucor, Sam Wood : Ameerika Ühendriigid 1939. Algteose loomisest ja selle filmiks saamisest

  11. Mälu tummfilm / Lauri Kitsnik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kitsnik, Lauri

    2007-01-01

    Arvustus: Tranströmer, Tomas. Suur on mõistatus : [luuletused] ; Mälestused seiravad mind : [memuaarid] / rootsi keelest tõlkinud Tõnis Arnover ja Lennart-Hans Jürgenson. Tallinn : Kultuurileht, 2007. (Loomingu Raamatukogu ; 2007, 27)

  12. Armas anarhia ja õnnenumber 13 / Lauri Kaare

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaare, Lauri

    2006-01-01

    "Armastus ja Anarhia" 14.-24. septembril Helsingis. Lähemalt prantsuse "Renessanss" ("Renaissance"), Lõuna- Korea ulmeõudusfilm "Peremees" ("Gwoemul"), Sacha Baron Coheni loodud peategelasega "Borat - kultuurialased õppetunnid Ameerikast abiks suursuguse Kasahstani riigi ülesehitamisel", tšiili režissööri "Voodis" ("En la cama"), Tommy Lee Jones'i lavastajadebüüt "Melquiades Estrada kolm matmist"

  13. Activity patterns of the stone marten Martes foina Erxleben, 1777, in relation to some environmental factors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Posillico

    1995-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Three stone martens (2 males, 1 female Martes foina Erxleben, 1777, were radio-tracked for 4, 2.5 and 12 months respectively, in a rural hilly area in Siena County, Central Italy. Food habits were assessed by faecal analysis, as percentage of occurrence and estimated volume. Diel, nocturnal, diurnal and crepuscular activity were measured as the proportion of active fixes on a 48 hours/fortnight basis. Seasonal variation of all activities was assessed and correlated to mean T°C, daylength, food and trophic niche breadth. Daily time budgets were also measured and compared between months and seasons. Fruits were the staple food in summer/autumn, followed by vertebrates and invertebrates. Vertebrates and invertebrates were the main food source in winter and spring. No significant difference of activity could be found between the three animals. Diel activity reached its maximum in summer, and decreased significantly throughout the rest of the year. Die1 activity did not differ significantly between subsequent seasons, whereas a statistically significant difference was found between every other season. Nocturnal activity peaked in winter and dropped in summer. It significantly differed between seasons but for spring vs. summer and autumn vs. winter. Diurnal activity differed significantly between seasons, but for spring vs. summer, when it reached its maximum, and for autumn vs. winter when it was at its minimum. Crepuscular activity remained constant throughout the year. The 24-hour distribution of active fixes showed a bimodal pattern in spring and summer, while in autumn and winter the activity pattern was unimodal, with a nocturnal peak. Time budget differed between seasons, but for autumn and winter vs. spring. Significant correlations between activities and abiotical variables (except rainfall were direct, but for nocturnal activity. No significant correlation was found with precipitation. Activity was not

  14. Patriachy, indoctrination and education. The therapeutic power of creation in women's literature. Two case studies: Carmen Mart??n Gaite's "The back room" (1978) and Ian McEwan's "Atonnement" (2001)

    OpenAIRE

    Garc??a Lara, Antonia

    2011-01-01

    My dissertation deals with the patriarchal education that indoctrinates women and forces them to be domestic angels and how this education provokes a trauma that they try to heal by creation in the form of writing. I will use two case studies to illustrate my point: Carmen Mart??n Gaite???s C., who is Mart??n Gaite???s alter ego in El Cuarto de Atr??s [The Back Room] (1978), and Briony Tallis, who is a fictional character in Ian McEwan???s Atonement (2001). Briony is actually the one who writ...

  15. Quentin Skinner, Staten og friheten. Oslo: Res Publica, 2011. José Luis Martí and Philip Pettit, A Political Philosophy in Public Life. Civic Republicanism in Zapatero's Spain. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2010 (Simon Laumann Jørgensen)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Simon Laumann

    2012-01-01

    Anmeldelse af Quentin Skinner, Staten og friheten, Oslo: Res Publica 2011, 199 NOK & José Luis Martí & Philip Pettit, A Political Philosophy in Public Life. Civic Republicanism in Zapatero’s Spain, Princeton: Princeton University Press 2010, $ 24.95......Anmeldelse af Quentin Skinner, Staten og friheten, Oslo: Res Publica 2011, 199 NOK & José Luis Martí & Philip Pettit, A Political Philosophy in Public Life. Civic Republicanism in Zapatero’s Spain, Princeton: Princeton University Press 2010, $ 24.95...

  16. Nivel de conocimiento y su relación con la violencia familiar en padres de niños asistentes al CMI Enrique Martín Altura - 2015

    OpenAIRE

    Chamamé Ampuero, Eva Verónica

    2015-01-01

    OBJETIVO: Determinar la relación entre el conocimiento y la violencia familiar en padres de niños asistentes al consultorio de crecimiento y desarrollo del CMI Enrique Martín Altuna durante setiembre de 2015. MÉTODOS: Se llevó a cabo un estudio cuantitativo de tipo descriptivo y de corte transversal con 180 padres de niños del CMI Enrique Martín Altuna durante setiembre del 2015. En la recolección de los datos se utilizó un cuestionario con 22 preguntas: 20 sobre con...

  17. Determining the Shape of the Orbit of Mars in the High School. (Spanish Title: Determinación de la Forma de la Órbita de Marte en la Escuela Secundaria.) Determinando a Forma da Órbita de Marte no Ensino Médio

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dutra, Carlos Maximiliano; Rossini Goulart, Andressa

    2014-12-01

    In the present work, in order to supply the lacks of practical activities related to the content of Kepler's Laws in high school physics textbooks, we present a practical activity to determine the shape of the orbit of Mars. In this activity the student can experience the discovery the shape of the orbit of Mars in a way similar to that realized by Johannes Kepler combining the physical concepts with geometry. We applied the activity to eighteen high school teachers participating in a Postgraduate Course in Science Education. After two hours of work the group obtained the shape of the orbit of Mars and estimated its orbital parameters with a relative error less than 14%. En el presente trabajo y con el objetivo de reducir la escasez de actividades prácticas relacionadas con el contenido de las leyes de Kepler en libros de texto de física de la escuela secundaria, se presenta una actividad práctica para determinar la forma de la órbita de Marte. En esta actividad el estudiante puede vivir la experiencia de descubrir la forma de la órbita de Marte de una manera similar a la realizada por Johannes Kepler combinando los conceptos físicos con la geometría. Aplicamos la actividad a dieciocho maestros de escuelas secundarias en un Curso de Especialización en Enseñanza de las Ciencias. Después de dos horas de trabajo el grupo obtuvo la forma de la órbita de Marte com error inferior al 14% en los parámetros orbitales. No presente trabalho, visando suprir a deficiência de atividades práticas relacionadas ao conteúdo de Leis de Kepler nos livros-textos de Física do 1º ano do Ensino Médio, apresentamos uma atividade prática de determinação da órbita de Marte. O aluno, combinando conceitos físicos com a geometria poderá vivenciar a experiência da descoberta da forma da órbita de Marte de modo similar ao realizado por Johannes Kepler. Aplicamos a metodologia proposta junto a dezoito professores do Curso de Especialização em Educação em Ciências e

  18. Aspectos morfo-anatômicos do embrião de Euterpe precatoria Mart. durante o processo germinativo Morphological and anatomical studies on germinating seeds of Euterpe precatoria Mart.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Madalena Otaviano Aguiar

    2002-09-01

    Full Text Available Euterpe precatoria Mart. é uma palmeira amplamente distribuída na bacia Amazônica, em terra firme e em solos de várzea. Dos frutos obtém-se o "vinho do açaí" e do ápice caulinar o palmito, que fazem desta palmeira um importante recurso alimentar. Foi feita a descrição morfo-anatômica do embrião de Euterpe precatoria, durante o processo germinativo, possibilitando o entendimento do mesmo. As observações foram realizadas em microscopio óptico, a partir de cortes histológicos de secções longitudinais e transversais da semente em diversos estádios da germinação. O eixo embrionário é curvo. No início da germinação, forma-se externamente o botão cotiledonar contendo a futura planta. A radícula emerge primeiro, apresentando coifa bem desenvolvida, desenvolvendo-se mais rapidamente que a plúmula. O processo de formação das primeiras folhas é contínuo. À medida que o embrião se desenvolve, a região distal aumenta de tamanho, formando o haustório e ocupando o lugar do endosperma.Euterpe precatoria is a palm tree widespread in Amazon basin, in terra firme and várzea sites. The fruit is used for the production of Açaí wine, and the sten apex for the production of palm hearts (palmito, which are an important food source. Different stages of germinated açaí seed were studied in longitudinal and transversal sections, under a optical microscope. The embryonic axis is curved. In the early stages of germination, the integument is displaced, forming the cotyledonal bud and the future plant. The radicle emerges first, with a well developed root cap and develops faster than the plumula. The process of formation of the first leaves is continuous. As the embryo is developing, the distal region increases in size, forming the haustorium and occupying the place of the endosperm.

  19. [Rural medical practice at the beginning of the 20th century. Martínez Saldise (1855-1937), honorary member of Paediatric Society of Madrid in 1927].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zafra Anta, Miguel Ángel; Flores Martín, Carlos; Ponte Hernando, Fernando Julio; Gil García, Andrés; Gómez López, Ana; Fernández Durán, Carla

    2016-01-01

    On the centenary of the foundation of the Paediatrics Society of Madrid, a tribute is presented to rural medical practice of that time, although there are few documents on the history of rural medicine. The main objective is to describe the context of the rural medical practice in the late 19th and beginning 20th century, while presenting a historical biographical review of Manuel Martínez Saldise, who was medical specialist from Cazalegas (Toledo). He was appointed an Honorary Member by the Paediatrics Society of Madrid in 1927. A search was carried out in repositories of digitized media, web portals of history of medicine, PubMed, IME files of local councils and medical colleges. The family archives were reviewed with the collaboration of his descendants. The hiring of rural doctors was carried out by the municipalities, and the salary largely depended on private practice as well as "retainers". Specialist physicians took part in epidemics, legal medicine, and in hygiene measures. They also had disputes with mayors, chiefs, with colleagues and with protectionism. A summary of the biography and occupational activity of Manuel Martínez Saldise is presented. Rural doctors were subjected to the society of their time, with the issues that arose, denouncing the shortcomings of the local administrations, dedicated efforts to their family and the most disadvantaged. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  20. Chemins de traverse d’Ignacio Martínez de Pisón, roman de l’absence, roman de l’amour

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André-Alain Morello

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Chemins de traverse d’Ignacio Martínez de Pisón se présente comme la pseudo autobiographie d’un adolescent, Felipe, qui, à la mort de sa mère, est condamné à vivre avec un père marginal. Le texte est aussi la conversion d’un récit de type picaresque en un roman qui débouche sur la découverte mutuelle d’un père et d’un fils. L’errance des deux personnages, chemin de fuite destiné à compenser la disparition de Cecilia, conduit à une sorte d’assomption de l’amour.Caminos secundarios, de Ignacio Martínez de Pisón, se presenta como la supuesta autobiografía de un adolescente, Felipe, quien, a la muerte de su madre, se ve forzado a vivir con un padre marginal. El texto es también la evolución de una narración de carácter picaresco hacia una novela que desemboca en el descubrimiento mutuo entre padre e hijo. El vagabundeo de ambos personajes, escape y consuelo por la desaparición de Cecilia, lleva a una forma de exaltación amorosa.

  1. Eesti kirjandus 1997

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1998-01-01

    Aut.: Märt Väljataga, Mart Velsker, Barbi Pilvre, Indrek Särg, Tarmo Vahter, Piret Viires, Tõnu Kaalep, Janika Kronberg, Lauri Sommer, Sven Kivisildnik, Eve Annuk, Aarne Ruben, Jan Kaus, Karl Martin Sinijärv, Jüri Ehlvest, Hasso Krull

  2. Aktuaalsetest tendentsidest elektroakustilise muusika alal Eestis / Gerhard Lock

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lock, Gerhard, 1978-

    2007-01-01

    Elektroakustilise muusika lähiajaloost, elektroakustilist muusikat viljelevatest Eesti heliloojatest. Age Hirv, Raun Juurikas, Liis Jürgens, Andrus Kallastu, Tatjana Kozlova, Ülo Krigul, Margo Kõlar, Märt-Matis Lill, Gerhard Lock, Hans-Gunter Lock, Malle Maltis, Jüri Reinvere, Mart Siimer, Mirjam Tally, Toomas Trass, Lauri-Dag Tüür oma muusikast

  3. Aspectos entomológicos de la enfermedad de Chagas en Huallaga y Picota, San Martín, Perú

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abraham G. Cáceres

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: Existe escasa información y no actualizada sobre la presencia de triatominos en el departamento de San Martín, zona amazónica de nuestro país, y es importante actualizarla, ya que hay reportes recientes de casos de enfermedad de Chagas procedentes de la amazonía peruana cuyos vectores serían triatominos silvestres. Objetivos: Conocer la distribución geográfica de triatominos hematófagos en Huallaga y Picota, San Martín, Perú. Determinar los índices entomológicos, sus hábitos alimenticios y caracterizar los tripanosomatídeos que portan. Diseño: Investigación descriptiva observacional. Lugar: Red de Salud Huallaga y Picota, Laboratorio Regional de la Región de Salud San Martín. Laboratorios del Instituto Nacional de Salud. Participantes: Viviendas de 6 distritos de las provincia de Huallaga y 9 de Picota, del Departamento de San Martín. Intervenciones: La búsqueda de triatominos fue en 3 362 viviendas de áreas periurbanas y rurales. Mediante la prueba de precipitina, se determinó la fuente de alimentación. Se aisló tripanosomatídeos mediante infección en ratones Balb/C e inoculación en medio agar sangre, y por PCR se caracterizó el genoma por amplificación del espaciador intergénico del gen miniexón. Principales medidas de resultados: Determinar si Huallaga y Picota, San Martín, Perú, son zonas de riesgo de enfermedad de Chagas. Resultados: En 46 viviendas, de 3 362 muestreadas se capturó 53 triatominos adultos pertenecientes a Rhodnius pictipes (56,6%, Panstrongylus geniculatus (41,5% y Eratyrus mucronatus (1,9%. Se reporta P. geniculatus por primera vez para las dos provincias. Los índices de infestación para ambas provincias fueron 1,4% y 3,8%, respectivamente, y corresponden al índice de infección natural; mientras que el índice de dispersión fue 30,1%. En R. pictipes se identificó cinco fuentes de alimentación (pollo, humano, perro, cobayo y gato y en P. geniculatus un perfil

  4. ACCEPTANCE OF GUARIROBA [Syagrus oleracea (Mart. Becc.] PALM HEART IN PRESERVES OF DIFFERENT ORGANIC ACIDS ACEITAÇÃO DO PALMITO DE GUARIROBA [Syagrus oleracea (Mart. Becc.] EM CONSERVAS SOB DIFERENTES ÁCIDOS ORGÂNICOS

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    Nilson Gomes Jaime

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available

    The objective of this study was to evaluate the acceptation of guariroba [Syagrus oleracea (Mart. Becc.] palm heart preserved, acidified with organic the acids acetic, citric monohydrate, dl-lactic 85%, and dl-malic and L(+-tartaric. The 75 preserves of guariroba were processed, packed in glass bottles, immersed in brine acidified with different organic acids, in quantities sufficient to lower the pH of the mixture to about 4.3, projected for balance. The experiment was completely randomized, with five treatments and fifteen repetitions. Six glasses of palm hearts at random were used to determine the stabilizing pH of the preserves. Nine glasses were used to assess the acceptance of preserved guariroba and other physical and chemical analyses. The acceptance was evaluated through a tasting portion of approximately 50 g of the product, based on a hedonic scale of seven levels, applied to 500 not trained volunteers. All treatments have had acceptance exceeding 80% among judgers used to guariroba consumption, and over 65% among non-consumers. The treatment with malic acid (pH 3.50 obtained lower acceptance than those acidified with acetic (pH 4.01, citric (pH 3.67, lactic (pH 3.88, and tartaric acids (pH 3.43, which did not differ significantly among them. In such levels of pH, the costs of acidification with lactic acid, citric acid, and acetic acid were equivalent among them and lower than those processed with malic and tartaric acids.

     

    KEY-WORD: Palmetto; canned heart-of-palm; botulism.

    O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a aceitação de palmito de guariroba [Syagrus oleracea (Mart. Becc.] em conserva, acidificada

  5. Métodos para acelerar a germinação de sementes de Bacuri (Platonia insignis Mart. Methods to accelerate the germination of Bacuri seeds (Platonia insignis Mart.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    FRANCISCO DAS CHAGAS OLIVEIRA

    2002-04-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho teve o objetivo de avaliar métodos para acelerar a germinação de sementes de bacuri (Platonia insignis Mart., e foi conduzido no laboratório de Fisiologia Vegetal e na Câmara de Nebulização da Embrapa Meio-Norte, Teresina-PI. O delineamento utilizado foi o de blocos ao acaso, constituído por dez tratamentos e quatro repetições, sendo a unidade experimental constituída por dez sementes. Foram testados os seguintes tratamentos: testemunha (T1; remoção do tegumento da semente (T2; remoção do meristema fundamental cortical por meio de cortes em planos perpendiculares ao plano dorsal/ventral, nos dois lados da semente, sem atingir o meristema fundamental medular (T3; T3 mais a remoção do meristema fundamental cortical por meio de cortes em planos paralelos ao plano dorsal/ventral, na região dorsal, sem atingir o meristema fundamental medular (T4; T3 e T4 mantidos em água a 40ºC por vinte minutos (T5 e T6; T3 e T4 mantidos em etanol 80% por cinco minutos (T7 e T8; T3 e T4 mantidos em acetona 80% por cinco minutos (T9 e T10. As variáveis estudadas foram a percentagem de emergência da radícula aos 14; 21; 28 e 35 dias após a semeadura e o índice de velocidade de emergência da radícula (IVE, no 35º dia após a semeadura. As sementes submetidas aos tratamentos T2, T3, T4, T5 e T6 apresentaram 72,5%, 65,0%, 72,5%, 52,5% e 67,5% de emergência, respectivamente, aos 14 dias, sendo superiores (pThe objective of this study was to evaluate methods to accelerate the germination of bacuri seeds (Platonia insignis Mart.. The experiment was conducted in the laboratory of Plant Physiology and in the greenhouse of Embrapa Meio-Norte (Teresina-PI, in a randomized block design, constituted by ten treatments and four repetitions, being the experimental unit constituted by ten seeds. The following treatments were tested: control (T1; removal of the seed tegument (T2; removal of the fundamental meristem, through cuts in

  6. Métodos de superação de dormência em sementes de croada (Mouriri elliptica Mart Dormancy breaking methods in croada (Mouriri elliptica Mart seeds

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaqueline Martins Vasconcelos

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Sementes de croada (Mouriri elliptica Mart. Melastomataceae, espécie frutífera nativa do cerrado, foram submetidas aos seguintes tratamentos, visando a superação de dormência: pré-resfriamento a 5° C por 7 dias; pré-aquecimento em estufa com circulação de ar a 40º C por 7 dias; escarificação química em ácido sulfúrico concentrado por 5 e 15 minutos; imersão em água fervente por 5 e 15 minutos; imersão em ácido giberélico a 100 e 200 mg L-1 por 48 horas; imersão em água destilada por 24 e 48 horas; escarificação mecânica com lixa nº 80 na parte superior e oposta ao eixo embrionário e testemunha (sementes sem tratamento prévio. Quatro repetições de quinze sementes foram colocadas para germinar sobre papel umedecido com água destilada ou nitrato de potássio a 0,2%, em temperatura de 30º C em presença de luz. Foram realizadas contagens diárias do 2º dia após a implantação do experimento até a estabilização da porcentagem de germinação, que acorreu no 60º dia. A germinação foi mais rápida em sementes pré-embebidas em ácido giberélico (em substrato umedecido com água ou com solução de nitrato de potássio 0,2%, pré-embebidas em água por 24 horas, em substrato umedecido com água, e pré-embebidas em água por 48 horas ou escarificadas mecanicamente e colocadas para germinar em substrato umedecido com água. Taxas de germinação mais elevadas ocorreram em sementes pré-embebidas em ácido giberélico a 100 ou 200 mg L-1, em substrato umedecido com solução de nitrato de potássio 0,2%.Croada seeds (Mouriri elliptica Mart. Melastomataceae, a fruit-bearing species native of the cerrado (savannah-like vegetation, were submitted to the following dormancy breaking methods: pre-cooling at 5° C for 7 days; pre-heating in a oven air circualtion at 40º C for 7 days; chemical escarification in concentrated sulfuric acid for 5 and 15 min; soaking in boiling water for 5 and 15 min; soaking in gibbereli

  7. Germinação de aquênios de arnica (Lychnophora pinaster Mart. armazenados em diferentes condições Seed germination of arnica (Lychnophora pinaster Mart stored at different conditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Régis Bandeira de Melo

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available A antecipação da coleta pode contribuir para redução da rápida deterioração das sementes no campo, preservando, assim, sua qualidade fisiológica. No caso da arnica (Lychnophora pinaster Mart., a formação dos aquênios ocorre de maneira desuniforme na planta, sendo dristibuída ao longo do período de frutificação. Assim, em se tratando de uma espécie medicinal não domesticada, ameaçada de extinção, e tendo seu potencial genético ainda pouco estudado, urge a necessidade de monitoramento do comportamento dos aquênios no armazenamento, visando garantir sua reprodução e conseqüente preservação. Esse trabalho foi conduzido com a finalidade de se verificar o desempenho germinativo de aquênios de arnica coletados em dois estádios de maturação e armazenados em diferentes condições. Os aquênios utilizados foram provenientes do município de Itumirim, MG, tendo a coleta sido realizada em dezembro de 2003, em função das características morfológicas dos capítulos, constituindo, assim, dois estádios de maturação. Após a coleta, os aquênios foram submetidos à secagem, pré-limpeza e separados com auxílio de um soprador vertical. Os aquênios foram acondicionados em dois tipos de embalagens (papel ou plástico e armazenados em diferentes ambientes (câmara fria a 10ºC/50%UR ou ambiente de laboratório, por um período de 6 meses. O teste de germinação foi conduzido em BOD ajustada à temperatura alternada 20-30ºC e fotoperíodo de 12 horas. O substrato utilizado foi o papel mata-borrão e os aquênios foram dispostos em caixas plásticas tipo gerbox. Foram utilizadas 4 repetições de 100 aquênios para cada tratamento. A análise sanitária foi efetuada pelo método "Blotter test" com 4 repetições de 50 aquênios por tratamento. As avaliações da umidade, da qualidade fisiológica e sanitária foram realizadas aos 0, 2, 4 e 6 meses. Pelos resultados, verificou-se que não houve diferença entre as quatro condi

  8. Observaciones sobre la enfermedad de chagas en la provincia de Moyobamba: (Depto. de San Martín

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arístides Herrer

    1956-07-01

    Full Text Available Se ha realizado diversos estudios sobre la enfermedad de Chagas en las ciudades de Moyobamba, Calzada y Yantaló, de la provincia de Moyobamba, departamento de San Martín, estudios que han permitido conocer algunos aspectos epidemiológicos de esta endemia en la referida región selvática; pudiendo citarse los siguientes: 1. En las búsquedas de triatominos efectuadas se encontró tan, sólo el Panstrongy1us herreri, insecto de marcados hábitos domiciliarios y que tiene al hombre como principal huésped. Debido a la forma cómo en la selva crían a los animales domésticos el P. herreri no llega a establecer relaciones frecuentes con ellos. 2. Por lo general no es tan alta la infestación de las localidades, ni elevado el número de especímenes del insecto que se encuentra en las casas infestadas. 3. La infección del P. herreri por el Trypanosoma cruzi varió con las localidades entre 18.9 y 37.3 por ciento. La infección general para las tres localidades fué de 31.4 por ciento, determinada a base de 296 insectos observados. 4. En 204 xenodiagnósticos realizados en la población de Yantaló se obtuvo 10 positivos, la mayoría de los cuales correspondieron a niños. 5. En la referida ciudad de Yantaló se hicieron también 208 xenodiagnósticos en los animales domésticos, de los cuales se llegaron a observar tan sólo 198. En esta serie se obtuvo únicamente un caso positivo, el que correspondió a un perro. Tomando en cuenta los resultados de esta serie de xenodiagnósticos y los del censo de animales domésticos que se realizara previamente. se considera que los citados animales no desempeñarían gran papel como reservorio de la enfermedad de Chagas en localidades como las estudiadas.

  9. Antagonismo in vitro de Trichoderma harzianum Rifai sobre Fusarium solani (Mart. Sacc., asociado a la marchitez en maracuyá

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carol Libeth Suárez Meza

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Cultivos de maracuyá de la región Caribe colombiana presentan problemas de marchitez y el hongo Fusarium solani (Mart. Sacc., está asociado a esta patología. Plantas de maracuyá de la Estación Experimental (E.E Caribia de Corpoica poseen este problema y por tal razón se determinó el antagonismo in vitro de aislamientos de Trichoderma harzianum Rifai, frente a F. solani, aislado de plantas enfermas de maracuyá (Passiflora edulis. Utilizando la técnica de cultivo dual en platos Petri con Agar Sabouraud, se evaluaron competencia por nutrientes y espacio, micoparasitismo y porcentaje de inhibición del crecimiento radial (PICR, empleando un diseño estadístico factorial 2x6x1 con arreglo completamente aleatorio. Se obtuvieron tres aislamientos nativos de T. harzianum (TCN-009, TCN-010, TCN-014 de suelo de Palma de Aceite (Elaeis guineensis de la E.E Caribia, y se compararon con tres aislamientos comerciales (TCC-001, TCC-005, TCC-006. TCC-001 y TCN-014, reportaron ser más competentes por nutrientes y espacio, con el mayor radio de crecimiento de 7,50 y 7,32 cm el día 10, comparado a FSM-011 en el cual solo fue de 2,30 cm. Aunque, TCN-014 mostró micoparasitismo grado 4 con ambos aislamientos de F. solani y TCC-005 únicamente con FSM-012, el cual fue más susceptible a ser micoparasitado. En cuanto al PICR, los tratamientos con mejores porcentajes de inhibición fueron TA-9, TA-12 y TA-6 con valores de 70,56, 68,52 y 65,32% respectivamente. El aislamiento del patógeno mayormente inhibido fue FSM-011. Todos estos resultados demuestran que hubo antagonismo in vitro al utilizar los aislamientos nativos y comerciales de T. harzianum sobre F. solani.  Palabras clave: Passiflora, competencia, micoparasitismo, inhibición, antagonismo.

  10. Psidium guajava L. and Psidium brownianum Mart ex DC.: Chemical composition and anti - Candida effect in association with fluconazole.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morais-Braga, Maria Flaviana B; Sales, Débora L; Carneiro, Joara Nalyda P; Machado, Antonio Júdson T; Dos Santos, Antonia Thassya L; de Freitas, Maria Audilene; Martins, Gioconda Morais de A Bezerra; Leite, Nadghia Figueiredo; de Matos, Yedda Maria L S; Tintino, Saulo R; Souza, Djair S L; Menezes, Irwin R A; Ribeiro-Filho, Jaime; Costa, José G M; Coutinho, Henrique D M

    2016-06-01

    The therapeutic combinations have been increasingly used against fungal resistance. Natural products have been evaluated in combination with pharmaceutical drugs in the search for new components able to work together in order to neutralize the multiple resistance mechanisms found in yeasts from the genus Candida. The aqueous and hydroethanolic extracts from Psidium brownianum Mart ex DC. and Psidium guajava L. species were evaluated for their potential to change the effect of commercial pharmaceutical drugs against Candida albicans and Candida tropicalis strains. The tests were performed according to the broth microdilution method. Plate readings were carried out by spectrophotometry, and the data generated the cell viability curve and IC50 of the extracts against the yeasts. A chemical analysis of all the extracts was performed for detection and characterization of the secondary metabolites. The total phenols were quantified in gallic acid eq/g of extract (GAE/g) and the phenolic composition of the extracts was determined by HPLC. Fluconazole and all extracts presented high Minimum Inhibitories Concentrations (MICs). However, when associated with the extracts at sub-inhibitory concentrations (MIC/16), fluconazole had its effect potentiated. A synergistic effect was observed in the combination of fluconazole with Psidium brownianum extracts against all Candida strains. However, for Psidium guajava extracts the synergistic effect was produced mainly against the Candida albicans LM77 and Candida tropicalis INCQS 400042 strains. The IC50 values of fluconazole ranged from 19.22 to 68.1 μg/mL when it was used alone, but from 2.2 to 45.4 μg/mL in the presence of the extracts. The qualitative chemical characterization demonstrated the presence of phenols, flavonoids and tannins among the secondary metabolites. The concentration of total phenols ranged from 49.25 to 80.77 GAE/g in the P. brownianum extracts and from 68.06 to 82.18 GAE/g in the P. guajava extracts

  11. Grupos urbanos y asistencia social: el hospital de San Martín en Las Palmas en el seiscientos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro C. Quintana Andrés

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available El hospital de San Martín fue una de las principales instituciones asistenciales de las islas durante todo el Antiguo Régimen. Sus cortos ingresos fueron sostenidos por las rentas procedentes de los bienes de su fundación, por las aportaciones del Cabildo Catedral, del obispo, las limosnas de los vecinos y la de los acogidos, aunque siempre su economía estuvo en precario ante la gran cantidad media de asilados. Los enfermos estaban integrados en un amplio porcentaje por miembros de las capas populares —libertos, pobres mendicantes, pequeños artesanos, marineros, viudas, mujeres abandonadas— cuyas enfermedades básicas eran la pobreza, la marginalidad y la vejez. La entidad fue, ante todo, un centro en el que el grupo de poder distribuyó una mínima parte de las ingentes ganancias percibidas a través de la explotación de los sectores populares, buscando a cambio el mantenimiento de sus intereses con el control de dicha población, presentarse ante ellos como sus benefactores y la compra, si era posible, del perdón eterno.Saint Martin’s Hospital was one of the major care institutions in the Canary Islands throughout the Acient Regimen. Its scarce income was sustained thanks to the revenues, which came from the assets of its foundation, the contributions made by the Board of the Cathedral, the bishop, the donations by the neighbours and those made by the patients, although its finances were always precarious due to the great number of residents sheltered there on average. A high percentage of the patients were mainly members of the lower classes —freemen (ex-slaves, beggars, craftsmen, sailors, widows, abandoned women— whose sufferings were mainly poverty, marginality and old age. This institution was, above all, a body in which the power groups invested a minimum part of the huge income obtained through the exploitation of the popular sectors of society, whose aims were the maintenance of their interests through the exertion of

  12. Mechanisms of the antinociceptive action of (− Epicatechin obtained from the hydroalcoholic fraction of Combretum leprosum Mart & Eic in rodents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lopes Luciano da

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The mechanisms of the antinociceptive activity of (− epicatechin (EPI, a compound isolated from the hydroalcoholic fraction of Combreum leprosum Mart & Eicher. Methods were assessed in the model of chemical nociception induced by glutamate (20 μmol/paw. To evaluate the mechanisms involved, the animals , male Swiss mice (25-30 g, received EPI (50 mg/kg p.o. after pretreatment with naloxone (2 mg/kg s.c. opioid antagonist, glibenclamide (2 mg/kg s.c. antagonist K + channels sensitive to ATP, ketanserin (0.3 mg/kg s.c. antagonist of receptor 5-HT2A, yoimbine (0.15 mg/kg s.c. α2 adrenergic receptor antagonist, pindolol (1 mg/kg s.c. 5-HT1a/1b receptor antagonist, atropine (0.1 mg/kg s.c. muscarinic antagonist and caffeine (3 mg/kg s.c. adenosine receptor antagonist, ondansetron (0.5 mg/kg s.c. for 5-HT3 receptor and L-arginine (600 mg/kg i.p.. Results The antinociceptive effect of EPI was reversed by pretreatment with naloxone and glibenclamide, ketanserin, yoimbine, atropine and pindolol, which demonstrates the involvement of opioid receptors and potassium channels sensitive to ATP, the serotoninergic (receptor 5HT1A and 5HT2A, adrenergic (receptor alpha 2 and cholinergic (muscarinic receptor systems in the activities that were observed. The effects of EPI, however, were not reversed by pretreatment with caffeine, L-arginine or ondansetron, which shows that there is no involvement of 5HT3 receptors or the purinergic and nitrergic systems in the antinociceptive effect of EPI. In the Open Field and Rotarod test, EPI had no significant effect, which shows that there was no central nervous system depressant or muscle relaxant effect on the results. Conclusions This study demonstrates that the antinociceptive activity of EPI in the glutamate model involves the participation of the opioid system, serotonin, adrenergic and cholinergic.

  13. Más allá de la novela realista social: el proyecto destructivo de "Tiempo de silencio" (1961) de Luis Martín-Santos y "Don Julián" (1970) de Juan Goytisolo

    OpenAIRE

    Jordana Darder, Marta

    2018-01-01

    "Tiempo de silencio" (1961) de Luis Martín-Santos y "Reivindicaciones del conde Don Julián" (1970) de Juan Goytisolo son dos novelas de un fuerte compromiso político pero que se desmarcan de los caminos tradicionales del arte compro

  14. Bionomics data and descriptions of the immatures of Calyptocephala gerstaeckeri Boheman (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), pest of the oil palm (Elaeis guineensis J.) and camedor palm (Chamaedorea elegans Mart.) (Arecaceae) in Tabasco, Mexico

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cordova-Ballona, Leonides; Sanchez-Soto, Saul

    2008-01-01

    Characters of the external morphology of egg, larval instars and pupae of Calyptocephala gerstaeckeri Boheman, insect pest of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis J.) and camedor palm (Chamaedorea elegans Mart.) in the State of Tabasco, Mexico, are described and illustrated. Some bionomics data are also presented. The specie was reared in the laboratory on young oil palm plants. (author)

  15. Eesti Vabariik südames / Tõnis Lukas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lukas, Tõnis, 1962-

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Põhjarannik, Vooremaa 2. veebr. lk. 2,6, Hiiu Leht, Sakala 3. veebr. lk. 2, Pärnu Postimees 4. veebr. lk. 19, Järva Teataja 7. veebr. lk. 2, Meie Maa 10. veebr. lk. 2, Valgamaalane 14. veebr. lk. 2, Nädaline 18. veebr. lk. 2, Lõunaleht 23. veebr. lk. 2. 2. veebr. tähistatakse Tartu rahu aastapäeva ja 24. veebr. Eesti Vabariigi aastapäeva. Autor leiab, et just sel ajal on eriliselt põhjust mõelda noorte isamaalisele kasvatusele

  16. Kas järeleandmine survele? / Tõnis Lukas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lukas, Tõnis, 1962-

    2002-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Sakala, Põhjarannik, Severnoje Poberezhje 21. märts lk. 2,2,2, Virumaa Teataja 22. märts lk. 7, Valgamaalane 23. märts lk. 2, Võrumaa Teataja 26. märts lk. 2, Meie Maa 26. märts lk. 2, Pärnu Postimees 28. märts lk. 2, Hiiumaa 28. märts lk. 2, Järva Teataja 2. apr. lk. 2, Vooremaa 4. apr. lk. 2. Keskerakonna ja Reformierakonna valitsus valmistuvad tegema muudatusi seni püsivates riiklikes arengusuundades. Autor: Isamaaliit. Parlamendisaadik

  17. Sistematies verwronge kommunikasie in Lukas 14:1-6: Die ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Systematically distorted communication in Luke 14:1-6: A critical assessment of the dialectical-critical theory of Jürgen Habermas In this article the epistemology and essence of the practical interest of Jürgen Habermas's dialectical-critical theory is discussed, focusing on his concept of systematically distorted ...

  18. Läbielatud ruum? : lisandusi baltisaksa kirjandusloo uurimisse / Liina Lukas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lukas, Liina, 1970-

    2004-01-01

    Armin von Ungern-Sternbergi uurimusest "Jutustusregioonid: mõtisklusi kirjanduslikest ruumidest vaatega Baltikumi saksa kirjandusele, Baltikumile ja saksa kirjandusele" (Erzählregionen: Überlegungen zu literarischen Räumen mit Blick auf die deutsche Literatur des Baltikums, das Baltikum und die deutsche Literatur. Bielefeld : Aisthesis-Verlag, 2003). Ka ülevaade baltisaksa kirjanduse uurimisest ja bibliograafia selle kohta

  19. Ja ne prosto obespokojen. Ja zol / Edward Lukas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lukas, Edward

    2007-01-01

    Autor kritiseerib Eesti valitsuse otsust teisaldada pronkssõdur Tõnismäelt ning sellele järgnenud vandaalitsemist, Venemaa käitumist Eesti Moskva suursaatkonnaga ning Euroopa Liidu, NATO ja G-7 riikide mitteadekvaatset reageeringut sellele

  20. Hubungan Kebersihan Pribadi dan Riwayat Luka dengan Kejadian Leptospirosis

    OpenAIRE

    Cahyati, Widya Hary; Lestari, Feriyanti

    2009-01-01

    There were 65 cases of  leptospirosis with four deaths in Sunan Kalijaga Hospital during January to April, 2008.The research aims to determine the relationship bet-ween personal hygiene and a history of injury with the incidence of leptospirosis. The research design was observational analytic with case control approach. Their population are the case of public hospital inpatients who suffer leptospirosis and control populations hospital inpatients who do not. The 45 samples consist of 15 samp...