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Sample records for lauk maire ratassepp

  1. Maire Valtin : meetootmine pole meelakkumine / Liisi Kanna

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kanna, Liisi

    2015-01-01

    Vestlusest Lääne-Virumaal Inju külas mesindusega tegeleva Maire Valtiniga. Valtinite perefirma Artocarpus on välja töötanud palju ravimtaimede ja mesindussaadustega meesegusid. Pidevalt on kaubavalikus umbes 15 toodet

  2. Pühapäine Felix Randel / Maire Toom

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Toom, Maire

    2002-01-01

    8. II-7. IV Adamson-Ericu muuseumis maalikunstniku ja karikaturisti Felix Randeli 100. sünnipäeva tähistav näitus "Sünnipäev". Põhirõhk on kubistlikul ja art decolikul maaliloomingul, esitatud ka valik karikatuure ja sharzhe ning kubistliku perioodi kavandeid. Kuraator Maire Toom

  3. Referent Maire Liivamets võitis esseevõistluse

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Esseevõistluse "Millises Eestis ma tahan elada?" korraldas Tartu Ülikooli eetikakeskus koostöös Vabariigi Presidendi mõttekoja, ajakirja Akadeemia ning Haridus- ja Teadusministeeriumiga. President Toomas Hendrik Ilves autasustas 22. juunil 2007 Kadriorus esseevõistluse võitjaid. Rahvusraamatukogu töötaja Maire Liivametsa essee tuli täiskasvanute arvestuses esikohale

  4. Referent Maire Liivamets võitis esseevõistluse

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Esseevõistluse "Millises Eestis ma tahan elada?" korraldas Tartu Ülikooli eetikakeskus koostöös Vabariigi Presidendi mõttekoja, ajakirja Akadeemia ning Haridus- ja Teadusministeeriumiga. President Toomas Hendrik Ilves autasustas 22. juunil 2007 Kadriorus esseevõistluse võitjaid. Rahvusraamatukogu töötaja Maire Liivametsa essee tuli täiskasvanute arvestuses esikohale

  5. INTRODUCING A NEW INTERNATIONAL PROGRAM: MONSOON ASIA INTEGRATED REGIONAL STUDY (MAIRS)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Congbin Fu; Ailikun; Renjian Zhang; Xiaodong Yan

    2006-01-01

    The Monsoon Asia Integrated Regional Study (MAIRS) is a new Earth System Science Partnership (ESSP)program aimed at the integrated study of environmental changes over monsoon Asian region. This paper briefly introduces MAIRS, its background and concept, scientific themes and objectives, data requirements and its information system, intensive observation experiment, and its linkage with ongoing international projects.

  6. Mille poolest on algav õppeaasta teile eriline? / Valmar Pantšenko, Martin Adamson, Maire Tamm, Eve Reisalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2012-01-01

    Küsimusele vastavad: Tartu Täiskasvanute Gümnaasiumi abiturient Valmar Pantšenko, Eesti meister motokrossis klassis Quad 100 Martin Adamson, Tamsalu Gümnaasiumi õppealajuhataja Maire Tamm ja Ristiku põhikooli õpetaja-metoodik Eve Reisalu

  7. Mille poolest on algav õppeaasta teile eriline? / Valmar Pantšenko, Martin Adamson, Maire Tamm, Eve Reisalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2012-01-01

    Küsimusele vastavad: Tartu Täiskasvanute Gümnaasiumi abiturient Valmar Pantšenko, Eesti meister motokrossis klassis Quad 100 Martin Adamson, Tamsalu Gümnaasiumi õppealajuhataja Maire Tamm ja Ristiku põhikooli õpetaja-metoodik Eve Reisalu

  8. Therapeutic potentials of Crataegus azarolus var. eu- azarolus Maire leaves and its isolated compounds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abu-Gharbieh, Eman; Shehab, Naglaa Gamil

    2017-04-18

    Hyperglycemia is a complicated condition accompanied with high incidence of infection and dyslipidemia. This study aimed to explore the phyto-constituents of Crataegus azarolus var. eu- azarolus Maire leaves, and to evaluate the therapeutic potentials particularly antimicrobial, antihyperglycemic and antihyperlipidemic of the extract and the isolated compound (3β-O-acetyl ursolic acid). Total phenolics and flavonoidal contents were measured by RP-HPLC analysis. Free radicals scavenging activity of different extraction solvents was tested in-vitro on DPPH free radicals. The antimicrobial activity of the ethanolic extract and its fractions as well as the isolated compounds were evaluated in-vitro on variable microorganisms. Animal models were used to evaluate the antihyperglycemic and antihyperlipidemic activities of the ethanolic extract along with the isolated compound (3β-O acetyl ursolic acid). RP- HPLC analysis of the phenolics revealed high content of rutin, salicylic and ellagic acids. Six compounds belonging to triterpenes and phenolics were isolated from chloroform and n-butanol fractions namely: ursolic acid, 3β-O-acetyl ursolic acid, ellagic acid, quercetin 3-O-β methyl ether, rutin and apigenin7-O-rutinoside. Ethanolic extract showed the highest DPPH radical scavenger activity compared to other solvents. Ethanolic extract, hexane fraction, ursolic acid, 3β-O acetyl ursolic acid and quercetin 3-O-methyl ether showed variable antimicrobial activity against E. coli, P. aeruginosa, S. aureus, and C. albicans. Administration of the ethanolic extract or 3β-O acetyl ursolic acid orally to the mice reduced blood glucose significantly in a time- and dose-dependent manner. Ethanolic extract significantly reduced LDL-C, VLDL-C, TC and TG and increased HDL-C in rats. Ethanolic extract and 3β-O acetyl ursolic acid reduced in-vitro activity of pancreatic lipase. This study reveals that Crataegus azarolus var. eu- azarolus Maire has the efficiency to control

  9. New bioactive dihydrofuranocoumarins from the roots of the Tunisian Ferula lutea (Poir.) Maire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ben Salem, Saoussen; Jabrane, Aymen; Harzallah-Skhiri, Fethia; Ben Jannet, Hichem

    2013-07-15

    A phytochemical investigation of the roots of Ferula lutea (Poir.) Maire led to the isolation of new dihydrofuranocoumarins as two inseparable isomers, (-)-5-hydroxyprantschimgin 1 and (-)-5-hydroxydeltoin 2, together with eight known compounds, (-)-prantschimgin 3, (-)-deltoin 4, psoralen 5, xanthotoxin 6, umbelliferone 7, caffeic acid 8, β-sitosterol 9 and stigmasterol 10. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of extensive spectroscopic methods, including 1D and 2D NMR experiments and mass spectroscopy analysis, as well as by comparison with literature data. The anti-acetylcholinesterase and cytotoxic effects of the isolates and antioxidant activities of the mixture (1+2) were also evaluated in this work. Results showed that the mixture (1+2) has the most cytotoxic activity with IC50 values 0.29±0.05 and 1.61±0.57μM against the cell lines HT-29 and HCT 116, respectively. The greatest acetylcholinesterase inhibitory activity (IC50=0.76±0.03) was exhibited by the xanthotoxin 6. In addition, the mixture (1+2) was investigated for its antioxidant activity and showed IC50 values 18.56, 13.06, 7.59, and 4.81μM towards DPPH free radical scavenging, ABTS radical monocation, singlet oxygen and hydrogen peroxide, respectively.

  10. Projektimeeskonnad vahefinišis / Katre Ratassepp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ratassepp, Katre

    2015-01-01

    Projektimeeskondadele pandi alus mullu suvel, kui esimest korda kogunes laiendatud RMK juhtgrupp, et arutada RMK arengukava aastateks 2015-2020. Struktuuriüksuste juhtidest ja tegevusvaldkondade peaspetsialistidest moodustati mõttekoda, kes aasta jooksul koos käis. 25 käima lükatud arendusprojektist 17 on tänaseks staadiumis "tehtud", 4 peaks kohe-kohe tulemini jõudma ning 4 projekti vajavad jätkutegevusi

  11. Projektimeeskonnad vahefinišis / Katre Ratassepp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ratassepp, Katre

    2015-01-01

    Projektimeeskondadele pandi alus mullu suvel, kui esimest korda kogunes laiendatud RMK juhtgrupp, et arutada RMK arengukava aastateks 2015-2020. Struktuuriüksuste juhtidest ja tegevusvaldkondade peaspetsialistidest moodustati mõttekoda, kes aasta jooksul koos käis. 25 käima lükatud arendusprojektist 17 on tänaseks staadiumis "tehtud", 4 peaks kohe-kohe tulemini jõudma ning 4 projekti vajavad jätkutegevusi

  12. Tekstiil maalis / Maire Toom

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Toom, Maire

    1998-01-01

    Tekstiili kujutamisest maalikunstis ja kunstnike - Jan Vermeer, Rembrandt, Jan van Eyck, Diego Vel{u00E1zquez, Raffael, Peter Paul Rubens, Tizian, Frans Hals, Eugène Delacroix, Henri Matisse, Pablo Picasso, Jaan Koort - loomingus.

  13. Tekstiil maalis / Maire Toom

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Toom, Maire

    1998-01-01

    Tekstiili kujutamisest maalikunstis ja kunstnike - Jan Vermeer, Rembrandt, Jan van Eyck, Diego Vel{u00E1zquez, Raffael, Peter Paul Rubens, Tizian, Frans Hals, Eugène Delacroix, Henri Matisse, Pablo Picasso, Jaan Koort - loomingus.

  14. Ebaprofessionaalne kriisijuhtimine võib halvata koondatavate ja töölejäänute töövõime pikaks ajaks / Maire Riis ; intervjueerinud Tiina Saar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Riis, Maire

    2009-01-01

    Traumateraapia ja koolituskeskuse juht ning koolitaja Maire Riis vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad koondamise või töö kaotamise mõju inimesele, ettevõtte juhtide võimalustest koondamisega seotud trauma leevendamiseks, tööle allesjäänutele tähelepanu pööramist ning koondamisjärgset kriisi ja selle ületamist

  15. Protective Activity of Total Polyphenols from Genista quadriflora Munby and Teucrium polium geyrii Maire in Acetaminophen-Induced Hepatotoxicity in Rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baali, Nacera; Belloum, Zahia; Baali, Samiya; Chabi, Beatrice; Pessemesse, Laurence; Fouret, Gilles; Ameddah, Souad; Benayache, Fadila; Benayache, Samir; Feillet-Coudray, Christine; Cabello, Gérard; Wrutniak-Cabello, Chantal

    2016-04-01

    Oxidative stress is a major cause of drug-induced hepatic diseases and several studies have demonstrated that diet supplementation with plants rich in antioxidant compounds provides a variety of health benefits in these circumstances. Genista quadriflora Munby (Gq) and Teucrium polium geyrii Maire (Tp) are known to possess antioxidant and numerous biological properties and these endemic plants are often used for dietary or medicinal applications. Herein, we evaluated the beneficial effect of rich-polyphenol fractions of Gq and Tp to prevent Acetaminophen-induced liver injury and investigated the mechanisms involved in this protective action. Rats were orally administered polyphenolic extracts from Gq or Tp (300 mg/kg) or N-acetylcysteine (NAC: 200 mg/kg) once daily for ten days prior to the single oral administration of Acetaminophen (APAP: 1 g/kg). The results show that preventive administration of polyphenolic extracts from Gq or Tp exerts a hepatoprotective influence during APAP treatment by improving transaminases leakage and liver histology and stimulating antioxidant defenses. Besides, suppression of liver CYP2E1, GSTpi and TNF-α mRNA levels, with enhancement of mitochondrial bioenergetics may contribute to the observed hepatoprotection induced by Gq and Tp extracts. The effect of Tp extract is significantly higher (1.5-2 fold) than that of Gq extract and NAC regarding the enhancement of mitochondrial functionality. Overall, this study brings the first evidence that pretreatment with these natural extracts display in vivo protective activity against APAP hepatotoxicity through improving mitochondrial bioenergetics, oxidant status, phase I and II enzymes expression and inflammatory processes probably by virtue of their high total polyphenols content.

  16. Protective Activity of Total Polyphenols from Genista quadriflora Munby and Teucrium polium geyrii Maire in Acetaminophen-Induced Hepatotoxicity in Rats

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baali, Nacera; Belloum, Zahia; Baali, Samiya; Chabi, Beatrice; Pessemesse, Laurence; Fouret, Gilles; Ameddah, Souad; Benayache, Fadila; Benayache, Samir; Feillet-Coudray, Christine; Cabello, Gérard; Wrutniak-Cabello, Chantal

    2016-01-01

    Oxidative stress is a major cause of drug-induced hepatic diseases and several studies have demonstrated that diet supplementation with plants rich in antioxidant compounds provides a variety of health benefits in these circumstances. Genista quadriflora Munby (Gq) and Teucrium polium geyrii Maire (Tp) are known to possess antioxidant and numerous biological properties and these endemic plants are often used for dietary or medicinal applications. Herein, we evaluated the beneficial effect of rich-polyphenol fractions of Gq and Tp to prevent Acetaminophen-induced liver injury and investigated the mechanisms involved in this protective action. Rats were orally administered polyphenolic extracts from Gq or Tp (300 mg/kg) or N-acetylcysteine (NAC: 200 mg/kg) once daily for ten days prior to the single oral administration of Acetaminophen (APAP: 1 g/kg). The results show that preventive administration of polyphenolic extracts from Gq or Tp exerts a hepatoprotective influence during APAP treatment by improving transaminases leakage and liver histology and stimulating antioxidant defenses. Besides, suppression of liver CYP2E1, GSTpi and TNF-α mRNA levels, with enhancement of mitochondrial bioenergetics may contribute to the observed hepatoprotection induced by Gq and Tp extracts. The effect of Tp extract is significantly higher (1.5–2 fold) than that of Gq extract and NAC regarding the enhancement of mitochondrial functionality. Overall, this study brings the first evidence that pretreatment with these natural extracts display in vivo protective activity against APAP hepatotoxicity through improving mitochondrial bioenergetics, oxidant status, phase I and II enzymes expression and inflammatory processes probably by virtue of their high total polyphenols content. PMID:27043622

  17. Cross-Sectional Temperature Field of a Solar Collector's Absorber: Development of the Model / Saules Kolektora Absorbera Šķērsgriezuma Temperatūras Lauks Apaļas Caurulītes Gadījumā - Fināla Modelis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barkans, V.; Shipkovs, P.; Vanags, M.

    2013-04-01

    In the work, the temperature field model is developed for the absorber of a round-pipe collector. As distinguished from previous models when the temperature of liquid was assumed to be constant over the entire pipe crosssection, the results obtained clearly show the temperature variations in the absorber's cross-section. In the work, optimal values are found in the work for geometrical parameters of the collector (i.e. the plate thickness and the pipe diameter) that allow the highest possible temperature of liquid to be achieved. Darbā iegūts temperatūras lauks saules kolektora absorbera šķērsgriezumam, uzskatot, ka siltumplūsmas process ir stacionārs. Rezultāti labi parāda temperatūras izmaiņu absorbera šķēsgriezumā. Šķidruma temperatūras atkarība no dažādiem ģeometriskajiem parametriem liecina, ka tiem eksistē optimālas vērtības, kuras nav jēgas palielināt, jo tas neatstāj ietekmi uz šķidruma temperatūru. Apstākļos, kuros saules radiācija ir liela un konstanta ilgu laika periodu, kolektora absorbers būtu jātaisa ar mazu b vērtību (attālumu no plates centra līdz caurulītes centram), lielu caurulītes diametru (līdz 14 mm) un lielu plates biezumu (līdz 1,2 mm). Apstākļos, kuros dominē mākoņainība, labāk konstruēt saules kolektoru ar lielāku b vērtību, mazu caurulītes diametru (no 6 līdz 8 mm) un mazu plates biezumu (0,5 mm).

  18. Kuulsuste keeruline elu : [anekdoodid] / Toomas Kall ; karikatuur: Rein Lauks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kall, Toomas, 1947-

    2014-01-01

    Anekdoodid järgmistest kuulsustest: Luisa Värk, Taavi Rõivas, Ardo Hansson, Bill Gates, Nicolas Sarkozy, Dmitri Medvedev, Edgar Savisaar, Vladimir Putin, Anton Vaino, Astrid Kannel, Viktor Janukovitš, Evelin Ilves, Toomas Hendrik Ilves, Jürgen Ligi, Urve Palo, Indrek Tarand

  19. Džässist Tallinnas 1918-1945 / Tiiu Lauk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lauk, Tiiu

    2011-01-01

    Esimestest džässi mängimise katsetustest. Tallinna kohvikute ja restoranide džässiorkestritest. Tähtsamatest Tallinnas tegutsenud poolelukutselistest juhumänguorkestritest. Orkestrite stiilist, koosseisudest ja repertuaarist. Džässist kontserdilaval. Priit Veebelist, Hans Speegist ja Kuldsest Seitsmest kontserdilaval. Hans Speegi Plaza-kontsertidest

  20. Kas passiivne meediatarbija või aktiivne kodanik? / Epp Lauk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lauk, Epp, 1952-

    2003-01-01

    2001. a. viidi Tartu Ülikooli ajakirjanduse õppetoolis läbi küsitlus Eesti kooliõpilaste meediakasutuse (arvuti, Internet, elektroonilised vahendid) kohta. Tab.: Erinevused maa- ja linnalaste arvuti ja interneti kasutamises ; Elektrooniliste meediavahendite kättesaadavus maal ja linnas

  1. Kas passiivne meediatarbija või aktiivne kodanik? / Epp Lauk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lauk, Epp, 1952-

    2003-01-01

    2001. a. viidi Tartu Ülikooli ajakirjanduse õppetoolis läbi küsitlus Eesti kooliõpilaste meediakasutuse (arvuti, Internet, elektroonilised vahendid) kohta. Tab.: Erinevused maa- ja linnalaste arvuti ja interneti kasutamises ; Elektrooniliste meediavahendite kättesaadavus maal ja linnas

  2. Džässist Tallinnas 1918-1945 / Tiiu Lauk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lauk, Tiiu

    2011-01-01

    Esimestest džässi mängimise katsetustest. Tallinna kohvikute ja restoranide džässiorkestritest. Tähtsamatest Tallinnas tegutsenud poolelukutselistest juhumänguorkestritest. Orkestrite stiilist, koosseisudest ja repertuaarist. Džässist kontserdilaval. Priit Veebelist, Hans Speegist ja Kuldsest Seitsmest kontserdilaval. Hans Speegi Plaza-kontsertidest

  3. Kuulsuste keeruline elu : [anekdoodid] / Toomas Kall ; karikatuur: Rein Lauks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kall, Toomas, 1947-

    2014-01-01

    Anekdoodid järgmistest kuulsustest: Luisa Värk, Taavi Rõivas, Ardo Hansson, Bill Gates, Nicolas Sarkozy, Dmitri Medvedev, Edgar Savisaar, Vladimir Putin, Anton Vaino, Astrid Kannel, Viktor Janukovitš, Evelin Ilves, Toomas Hendrik Ilves, Jürgen Ligi, Urve Palo, Indrek Tarand

  4. Ilmunud on ÕS 2006 / Siiri Lauk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lauk, Siiri

    2006-01-01

    Eesti Keele Instituudi, Eesti Terminoloogia Ühingu ja Kaitseministeeriumi ettevõtmisel korraldati 9. ja 10. novembril 2006 rahvusvaheline üld- ja oskuskeelekorralduse konverents, millega tähistati Eesti õigekeelsussõnaraamatu ilmumist

  5. Retracted: Mice lacking the Raf-1 kinase inhibitor protein exhibit exaggerated hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension, by I Morecroft, B Doyle, M Nilsen, W Kolch, K Mair and MR MacLean. British Journal of Pharmacology, volume 163(5): 948-963, published in June 2011; DOI 10.1111/j.1476-5381.2011.01305.x.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-05-01

    The above article, published by the British Journal of Pharmacology in June 2011 (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1476-5381.2011.01305.x/full), has been retracted by agreement between the authors, the Journal Editor in Chief and John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Formal internal investigations by the British Journal of Pharmacology have concluded that inappropriate manipulation of western blots depicted in Figures 1, 8 and 9 has occurred. The non-corresponding authors (M MacLean, B Doyle, K Mair, M Nilsen, W Kolch) wish to state that they had no knowledge that the figures in question had been manipulated. These issues are currently being investigated by the University of Glasgow. The retraction statement has also been approved by The University of Glasgow Research Integrity Council. Reference Morecroft I, Doyle B, Nilsen M, Kolch W, Mair K and MacLean MR (2011). Mice lacking the Raf-1 kinase inhibitor protein exhibit exaggerated hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension. Brit J Pharmacol 163: 948-963. doi: 10.1111/j.1476-5381.2011.01305.x. © 2017 The British Pharmacological Society.

  6. Lootuse festivalil osalesid lauljad Raplamaalt / Maire Kõrver

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kõrver, Maire, 1961-

    2009-01-01

    Tallinnas Saku Suurhallis 29.-31. maini toimunud evangeelsest üritusest - Lootuse festivalist, kus esinesid teiste seas lauljad Rapla Maarja- Magdaleena koguduse segakoorist, Hageri koguduse kammerkoorist Lambertus, Kohila babtistikoguduse segakoorist ja Märjamaa Maarja koguduse segakoorist Mariema

  7. Raamatukogud kujundavad suhtumist / Maire Killar ; Priit Kasepalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Killar, Maire

    2009-01-01

    Pimedate punktkirja looja Louis Braille 200. sünniaastapäeva tähistati ka Eestis. Eesti Pimedate Raamatukogus oli 26. septembrist 31. oktoobrini avatud näitus "Raamatud sõrmedele ja kõrvadele", Viljandi Linnaraamatukogus toimus 7. oktoobril nägemispuudega lugejate konverents

  8. Liikumise seis Eestis / Maire Sirel, Maarit Vaikmaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sirel, Maire

    2006-01-01

    Autorite soovist, et Eesti ühiskonnas hakkaks kujunema selline liikumisteadvus, mis lähtub inimesest ja oleks inimese individuaalsele arendamisele suunatud - teeniks tema positiivset tervist, annaks kehalist, hingelist, sotsiaalset heaolu ja pikaajaliselt heas töökorras püsimist

  9. Liikumise seis Eestis / Maire Sirel, Maarit Vaikmaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sirel, Maire

    2006-01-01

    Autorite soovist, et Eesti ühiskonnas hakkaks kujunema selline liikumisteadvus, mis lähtub inimesest ja oleks inimese individuaalsele arendamisele suunatud - teeniks tema positiivset tervist, annaks kehalist, hingelist, sotsiaalset heaolu ja pikaajaliselt heas töökorras püsimist

  10. Raamatukogud kujundavad suhtumist / Maire Killar ; Priit Kasepalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Killar, Maire

    2009-01-01

    Pimedate punktkirja looja Louis Braille 200. sünniaastapäeva tähistati ka Eestis. Eesti Pimedate Raamatukogus oli 26. septembrist 31. oktoobrini avatud näitus "Raamatud sõrmedele ja kõrvadele", Viljandi Linnaraamatukogus toimus 7. oktoobril nägemispuudega lugejate konverents

  11. Pengaruh Penggunaan Modifikasi Standar Resep Lauk Nabati Tempe terhadap Daya Terima dan Persepsi Pasien Rawat Inap

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dewi Renaningtyas

    2004-07-01

    Full Text Available Background: Food management is inseparable part of all efforts to cure hospitalized patients. If patient is not able to consume enough food, nutrient deficiency will occur. This condition results in delayed recovery of illness, lengthen length of stay, therefore hospital charges will increase. According to previous observations, there is a significant plate waste due to several reasons. To minimize the negative effect of plate waste on diet therapy, standard of recipes should be applied. Objective: To analyze the influence of the modification of recipes standard of fermented soybean on patient’s acceptance and perception. Methods: We conducted a cross-over design study in Dr. Sardjito Hospital Yogyakarta. The subjects were adults patients who admitted to the Departments of Surgery and Obstetrics and Gynecology. The inclusion criteria were hospitalized more than 4 days, over 15 years old, not in severe illness, got ordinary diet, and signed an informed consent. The food acceptance was measured as plate waste that was weighed using a special scale with accuracy of 10 grams. Food perceptions were measured using a questionnaire. Data were analyzed using chi-square test and Spearman correlation test. Results: Among 132 patients, 112 (84,8% patients had good acceptance to the modified recipes compared to 20 (15,2% patients who had poor acceptance, whereas only 66 (50% patients from standard recipes had good acceptance to standard recipes, and this difference was statistically significant (p=0,006. There were 99 (75% patients from modified recipes who had good perceptions to modified recipes compared to 18 (13,6% patients from standard recipes who had good perceptions to standard recipes, and this difference statistically significant (p=0,003. Conclusions: Patients from surgery and obstetric and gynecology wards prefer modified recipes of fermented soybean compared to standard recipes.

  12. Tutvus Balti hõbeseppade ja aadlikorporatsioonidega / Maire Killar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Killar, Maire

    2003-01-01

    Tutvustatakse Viljandi Linnaraamatukogule kingitud saksakeelseid raamatuid, nende hulgas 1996. a. ilmunud kunstiteadlase Annelore Leistikowi "Baltisches Silber" ja 1980. a. ilmunud "Baltisches Wappenbuch"

  13. Finantsinstrumendid ja nende arvestus Eesti hea raamatupidamistava alusel / Maire Otsus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Otsus-Carpenter, Maire, 1961-

    2008-01-01

    Finantsinstrumentide mõistest, sisust ja arvestuse põhimõtetest raamatupidamise seaduse ja Raamatupidamise Toimkonna juhendite põhjal. Lisatud: tuletisinstrumendid: forward, optsioon, swap, võlakiri ; näide 1: forwardleping ; näide 2: optsioon

  14. Physical current assets - accounting and reporting / Heidi Soe, Maire Nurmet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soe, Heidi, 1941-

    2003-01-01

    Põllumajandusettevõtte majandustegevuses ja raamatupidamisarvestuses on oluline tähtsus käibevaral, sh materiaalsel käibevaral. Kasutatavast varade hindamise meetodist sõltub oluliselt nende mõju tootmishinnale ja kasumi kujunemisele. Tabelid

  15. Täiskuu tervitas luulefestivali / Inge Põlma, Maire Kõrver

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Põlma, Inge

    2008-01-01

    Ülevaade Täiskuu luulefestivalist, kus esinesid Kristiina Ehin, Andres Ehin, Ly Ehin, Contra, Sujata Bhatt, Ban'ya Natsuishi, Meelika Hainsoo, Lise Sinclair, Jaak Johanson, Lauri Õunapuu, Maria Peterson, Siiri Sisask, Kauksi Ülle, Sayumi Kamakura

  16. PÖFFi klippide autor on Martti Helde / Maire Kõrver

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kõrver, Maire, 1961-

    2009-01-01

    13. Pimedate Ööde filmifestivali tutvustava kahe filmiklipi autor on Kohilast pärit Martti Helde. "Seep teeb pimedaks, vaata filme" algidee on reklaamiagentuurilt Age McCann, teostus Martti Heldelt ja tema töögrupilt. Klipi "Kinotreiler" režissöör ja stsenarist on Martti Helde

  17. Läti avangardist Adamson-Ericu muuseumis / Maire Toom

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Toom, Maire

    2003-01-01

    Läti kunstniku Ludolfs Libertsi (1895-1959) näitus "Maal ja teatrikunst" (17 maali, 7 teatrialast tööd) Adamson-Ericu muuseumis kuni 18. I 2004. 1937. a. Parisi maailmanäitusel pälvisid L. Libertsi lavakujundused grand prix' ja kuldmedali

  18. Finantsinstrumendid ja nende arvestus Eesti hea raamatupidamistava alusel / Maire Otsus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Otsus-Carpenter, Maire, 1961-

    2008-01-01

    Finantsinstrumentide mõistest, sisust ja arvestuse põhimõtetest raamatupidamise seaduse ja Raamatupidamise Toimkonna juhendite põhjal. Lisatud: tuletisinstrumendid: forward, optsioon, swap, võlakiri ; näide 1: forwardleping ; näide 2: optsioon

  19. Läti avangardist Adamson-Ericu muuseumis / Maire Toom

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Toom, Maire

    2003-01-01

    Läti kunstniku Ludolfs Libertsi (1895-1959) näitus "Maal ja teatrikunst" (17 maali, 7 teatrialast tööd) Adamson-Ericu muuseumis kuni 18. I 2004. 1937. a. Parisi maailmanäitusel pälvisid L. Libertsi lavakujundused grand prix' ja kuldmedali

  20. Physical current assets - accounting and reporting / Heidi Soe, Maire Nurmet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soe, Heidi, 1941-

    2003-01-01

    Põllumajandusettevõtte majandustegevuses ja raamatupidamisarvestuses on oluline tähtsus käibevaral, sh materiaalsel käibevaral. Kasutatavast varade hindamise meetodist sõltub oluliselt nende mõju tootmishinnale ja kasumi kujunemisele. Tabelid

  1. Taaskinnitati Raplamaa kui turvaliste paikkonna staatus / Maire Kõrver

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kõrver, Maire, 1961-

    2009-01-01

    Rapla maakond kuulub aastast 2004 ainsana Eestis rahvusvahelisse Safe Community ehk turvalise kodupaiga võrgustikku. Ülevaade Raplas toimunud Eesti II Safe Community konverentsist, kus tervitusega Riigikogust ja tunnustussõnadega Rapla maakonna tervisedendajatele esines parlamendi sotsiaalkomisjoni esimees Urmas Reinsalu

  2. Täiskuu tervitas luulefestivali / Inge Põlma, Maire Kõrver

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Põlma, Inge

    2008-01-01

    Ülevaade Täiskuu luulefestivalist, kus esinesid Kristiina Ehin, Andres Ehin, Ly Ehin, Contra, Sujata Bhatt, Ban'ya Natsuishi, Meelika Hainsoo, Lise Sinclair, Jaak Johanson, Lauri Õunapuu, Maria Peterson, Siiri Sisask, Kauksi Ülle, Sayumi Kamakura

  3. Taaskinnitati Raplamaa kui turvaliste paikkonna staatus / Maire Kõrver

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kõrver, Maire, 1961-

    2009-01-01

    Rapla maakond kuulub aastast 2004 ainsana Eestis rahvusvahelisse Safe Community ehk turvalise kodupaiga võrgustikku. Ülevaade Raplas toimunud Eesti II Safe Community konverentsist, kus tervitusega Riigikogust ja tunnustussõnadega Rapla maakonna tervisedendajatele esines parlamendi sotsiaalkomisjoni esimees Urmas Reinsalu

  4. Andrus Saar: Neid inimesi, kes peavad õhtul tühja kõhuga magama minema, on ka parimatel aegadel olnud liiga palju / Andrus Saar ; intervjueerinud Katre Ratassepp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saar, Andrus, 1946-

    2010-01-01

    Vaesuse ja sotsiaalse tõrjutuse vastu võitlemise Euroopa aasta Eesti hea tahte saadik leiab, et hirm kaotada töökoht on igati normaalne olukorras, kus inimesed ei ole informeeritud ettevõtte arengust ja perspektiividest ning et praegu oleks viimane aeg muuta toetuste süsteemi. Saar Polli poolt läbiviidud Eurobarometer Flash uuringust

  5. Täna antakse Viljandis üle teatriliidu aastapreemiad : Katariina Lauk-Tamm ja Liina Olmaru - Mileedi II Mileedi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1998-01-01

    Sisust : Aleksander Kurtna nim. preemia Arvo Alasele põhjamaade dramaturgia tõlkimise ja vahendamise eest; Priit Põldroosi nim. preemia Merle Karusoole pikaajalise teatripedagoogilise töö eest, samuti silmas pidades Panso pärandi uurimist ning raamatut 'Kured läinud, kurjad ilmad' jt

  6. Hingekaariku käänuline teekond / Kärt Hellerma ; šarž: Rein Lauks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hellerma, Kärt, 1956-

    2006-01-01

    Arvustus: Jelinek, Elfriede. Klaveriõpetaja / tõlkinud Liina Truus-Mittermayr. Tartu : Elmatar, 2005. Ilmunud ka kogumikus: Hellerma, Kärt. Kohanenud kirjandus : valik kirjanduskriitikat 1987-2006. Tallinn : Eesti Keele Sihtasutus, 2006. Lk. 149-154

  7. Tsharterlennud võivad tulevikus Eestist kaduda / Andres Eilart

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Eilart, Andres

    2002-01-01

    Turismifirmade liidu asepresident Daisy Järva, Tallinna Lennujaama turundusmees Sven Ratassepp ja Horizon Traveli turundusjuht Annika Sillaots tsharterlennundusest Baltikumis. Tabel: kaheksa sihtkohta, kuhu Estonian Air regulaarlende korraldab

  8. Tsharterlennud võivad tulevikus Eestist kaduda / Andres Eilart

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Eilart, Andres

    2002-01-01

    Turismifirmade liidu asepresident Daisy Järva, Tallinna Lennujaama turundusmees Sven Ratassepp ja Horizon Traveli turundusjuht Annika Sillaots tsharterlennundusest Baltikumis. Tabel: kaheksa sihtkohta, kuhu Estonian Air regulaarlende korraldab

  9. Maydellide järeltulija teeb filmi oma juurtest / Maire Kõrver

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kõrver, Maire, 1961-

    2009-01-01

    Eestis, sh Raplamaal viibis Hollandis Haarlemi ülikoolis teletööd õppiv Maydellide järeltulija Sarah Albert, kes teeb koolitööna dokumentaalfilmi oma juurtest. Külaskäigust vanas mõisahoones asuvasse Maidla lastekodusse, Teenuse mõisa, Kullamaa kirikusse ja kalmistule ning Päri mõisa

  10. Andres Ehin tähistas sünnipäeva raamatuesitlusega / Maire Kõrver

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kõrver, Maire, 1961-

    2006-01-01

    Andres Ehin esitles oma luulekogu "Põdrapõrnikapääsukene" ja selle ingliskeelset tõlget "Moose Beetle Swallow" oma sünnipäeval Iiri suursaadiku residentsis, kus oli kohal ka luulekogu tõlkija, Iiri luuletaja Patrick Cotter

  11. Tiina Gilli võluvad nii Ameerika kui ka Eesti / Maire Kõrvel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kõrver, Maire, 1961-

    2009-01-01

    Fotograaf Tiina Gillist ja tema lennundusinstruktorist abikaasast James Frederick Gillist, kes elasid USA-s Seattle`is ning 2006. aastast elavad Märjamaa lähedal Rangu külas. James tegeleb maalimisega. Tiina on teinud looduse-, linna- ja lillepilte, vähem portreesid

  12. Asta Jaaksoo - põline mulk / Cäroliin Sarv ; juhendanud Maire Kahu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sarv, Cäroliin

    2016-01-01

    August Kitzbergi nim. Gümnaasiumi 12. kl. õpilase uurimistööst, mis käsitleb Karksi valla aukodaniku ja kodu-uurija Asta Jaaksoo elulugu, tema õpetajatööd ning rolli Mulgimaa kirjaniku August Kitzbergi muuseumi perenaisena

  13. Õigusabi vähekindlustatuile / Mari Kasela ; kommenteerinud Maire Arm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kasela, Mari

    2011-01-01

    Tasuta õigusabi majandus- ja makseraskustesse sattunud peredele pakub Eesti Juristide Liidu õigusportaal, esmase õigusabi teenust pakuvad Eesti Juristide Liit, sihtasutus Õigusteenuste Büroo Tallinnas, Üliõpilaste Õigusbüroo Tallinnas, Eesti Advokatuuri ja Lastekaitse Liidu koostööprojekt "Hea nõu lastega peredele"

  14. Tuuleenergia prognoosi täpsuse uuring / Teolan Tomson, Maire Hansen, Raimo Pirksaar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tomson, Teolan, 1932-

    2004-01-01

    Esimene ekspluatatsioonikogemus näitas, et kohalikes oludes töötavad tuulikud (Virtsus) suhteliselt hästi. Väikesevõimsuselised tuulepargid ei mõjuta Eesti elektrivõrgu tööd, pigem vastupidi. Graafikud. Skeemid. Tabelid. Diagrammid

  15. Environmental issues and the common agricultural policy / Maire Nurmet, Heidi Soe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nurmet, Maire, 1972-

    2003-01-01

    Keskkonnaprobleemid muutuvad üha aktuaalsemaks nii üldises plaanis kui ka maaelu arengu seisukohalt. Kuigi Eestis hetkel ei ole põllumajandusliku tegevuse tagajärjel tekkiv saastatus veel probleemiks, tuleks senisest rohkem tähelepanu pöörata keskkonna puhtuse säilitamisele

  16. Short outlines of books by Estonian authors / Brita Melts, Rutt Hinrikus, Maire Iro and Maret Vaher

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2013-01-01

    Arvustus: Pärtna, Maarja. Läved ja tüved. Tallinn : Eesti Keele Sihtasutus, 2013 ; Sauter, Peeter. Ära jäta mind rahule. Tallinn : P. Sauter, 2012 ; Viiding, Elo. Teised. Tallinn : Tuum, 2012 ; Mathura. Kumalasepäev. Lelle : Allikaäärne, 2012 ; Kadastik, Mart. Kevad saabub sügisel. Tallinn : Varrak, 2013 ; Mutt, Mihkel. Kooparahvas läheb ajalukku. Tallinn : Fabian, 2012 ; Hargla, Indrek. Apteeker Melchior ja Pirita kägistaja. Tallinn : Varrak, 2013 ; Raud, Rein. Rekonstruktsioon. Tallinn : Mustvalge Kirjastus, 2012 ; Toona, Elin. Into exile : a life story of war and peace. Woodsville (N.H.) : Lakeshore Press, 2013 ; Berg, Maimu. Moemaja. Tartu : Petrone Print, 2012 ; Kareva, Doris, Rooste, Jürgen. Elutants. Tallinn : Verb, 2013 ; Ehin, Kristiina. Paleontoloogi päevaraamat. Tartu : Petrone Print, 2013 ; Maria Lee. Stereomeetria. Tallinn : Verb, 2012

  17. Tiina Gilli võluvad nii Ameerika kui ka Eesti / Maire Kõrvel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kõrver, Maire, 1961-

    2009-01-01

    Fotograaf Tiina Gillist ja tema lennundusinstruktorist abikaasast James Frederick Gillist, kes elasid USA-s Seattle`is ning 2006. aastast elavad Märjamaa lähedal Rangu külas. James tegeleb maalimisega. Tiina on teinud looduse-, linna- ja lillepilte, vähem portreesid

  18. Maydellide järeltulija teeb filmi oma juurtest / Maire Kõrver

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kõrver, Maire, 1961-

    2009-01-01

    Eestis, sh Raplamaal viibis Hollandis Haarlemi ülikoolis teletööd õppiv Maydellide järeltulija Sarah Albert, kes teeb koolitööna dokumentaalfilmi oma juurtest. Külaskäigust vanas mõisahoones asuvasse Maidla lastekodusse, Teenuse mõisa, Kullamaa kirikusse ja kalmistule ning Päri mõisa

  19. Tuuleenergia prognoosi täpsuse uuring / Teolan Tomson, Maire Hansen, Raimo Pirksaar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tomson, Teolan, 1932-

    2004-01-01

    Esimene ekspluatatsioonikogemus näitas, et kohalikes oludes töötavad tuulikud (Virtsus) suhteliselt hästi. Väikesevõimsuselised tuulepargid ei mõjuta Eesti elektrivõrgu tööd, pigem vastupidi. Graafikud. Skeemid. Tabelid. Diagrammid

  20. Õigusabi vähekindlustatuile / Mari Kasela ; kommenteerinud Maire Arm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kasela, Mari

    2011-01-01

    Tasuta õigusabi majandus- ja makseraskustesse sattunud peredele pakub Eesti Juristide Liidu õigusportaal, esmase õigusabi teenust pakuvad Eesti Juristide Liit, sihtasutus Õigusteenuste Büroo Tallinnas, Üliõpilaste Õigusbüroo Tallinnas, Eesti Advokatuuri ja Lastekaitse Liidu koostööprojekt "Hea nõu lastega peredele"

  1. Short outlines of books by Estonian authors / Brita Melts, Rutt Hinrikus, Maire Iro and Maret Vaher

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2013-01-01

    Arvustus: Pärtna, Maarja. Läved ja tüved. Tallinn : Eesti Keele Sihtasutus, 2013 ; Sauter, Peeter. Ära jäta mind rahule. Tallinn : P. Sauter, 2012 ; Viiding, Elo. Teised. Tallinn : Tuum, 2012 ; Mathura. Kumalasepäev. Lelle : Allikaäärne, 2012 ; Kadastik, Mart. Kevad saabub sügisel. Tallinn : Varrak, 2013 ; Mutt, Mihkel. Kooparahvas läheb ajalukku. Tallinn : Fabian, 2012 ; Hargla, Indrek. Apteeker Melchior ja Pirita kägistaja. Tallinn : Varrak, 2013 ; Raud, Rein. Rekonstruktsioon. Tallinn : Mustvalge Kirjastus, 2012 ; Toona, Elin. Into exile : a life story of war and peace. Woodsville (N.H.) : Lakeshore Press, 2013 ; Berg, Maimu. Moemaja. Tartu : Petrone Print, 2012 ; Kareva, Doris, Rooste, Jürgen. Elutants. Tallinn : Verb, 2013 ; Ehin, Kristiina. Paleontoloogi päevaraamat. Tartu : Petrone Print, 2013 ; Maria Lee. Stereomeetria. Tallinn : Verb, 2012

  2. Environmental issues and the common agricultural policy / Maire Nurmet, Heidi Soe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nurmet, Maire, 1972-

    2003-01-01

    Keskkonnaprobleemid muutuvad üha aktuaalsemaks nii üldises plaanis kui ka maaelu arengu seisukohalt. Kuigi Eestis hetkel ei ole põllumajandusliku tegevuse tagajärjel tekkiv saastatus veel probleemiks, tuleks senisest rohkem tähelepanu pöörata keskkonna puhtuse säilitamisele

  3. 77 FR 60731 - Notice of Applications for Deregistration Under Section 8(f) of the Investment Company Act of 1940

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-04

    ..., NC 28202. Mairs & Power Growth Fund Inc. ; Mairs & Power Balanced Fund Inc. Summary: Each applicant... assets to a corresponding series of Mairs & Power Funds Trust and, on December 31, 2011, made a...

  4. Krooniliste reumatoloogiliste haigete sotsiaalne toimetulek / Virve-Ines Laidmäe, Maire-Liis Hääl

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laidmäe, Virve-Ines, 1941-

    2007-01-01

    Krooniliste reumatoloogiliste haigete terviseseisundist, ravi kättesaadavusest ning toimetulekust haiguse ja igapäevaeluga. Uurimuse aluseks on rahvastikuküsitluse "Eesti 2003" ja küsitluse "Kroonilised reumatoloogilised haiged 2006" materjalid

  5. Lugejad küsivad - autorid vastavad : [teemad: dividendide tulumaks...] / Maire Otsus-Carpenter, Toomas Villems, Olesja Timofejeva ...[jt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2015-01-01

    Teemad: dividendide tulumaks, kasumi jaotamine, konsolideeritud aruande koostamine, tulu komisjonimüügi puhul, kinnisvaratehingu käibemaksuga maksustamine, hüvitis kasutamata puhkuse eest, tütarettevõtte loomine, töölepingu lõpetamine ülesütlemisavalduse alusel

  6. Lugejad küsivad - autorid vastavad : [teemad: kasumiaruandest...] / Toomas Villems, Madis Valk, Maire Otsus-Carpenter... [jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2016-01-01

    Teemad: kasumiaruandest, sihtfinantseerimise kajastamisest tuluna, majandusaasta aruandest, sissemaksete osakapitali kajastamisest, mitteresidendist tööandja registreerimisest, töötaja töötasust mahaarvamiste kokkulepetest, välislähetuste päevarahadest

  7. Lugejad küsivad - autorid vastavad : [teemad: aktsiaseltsi jagunemiskavast...] / Toomas Villems, Maire Otsus-Carpenter, Olesja Timofejeva, Piret Pallo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2016-01-01

    Teemad: aktsiaseltsi jagunemiskavast, amortisatsiooni arvutamisest, puhkusetasu arvestamisest, ettemaksete kajastamisest bilansis, aktsiisiga seotud toimingute kajastamisest, aastaaruande korrigeerimisest, ümbrikupalgast

  8. Krooniliste reumatoloogiliste haigete sotsiaalne toimetulek / Virve-Ines Laidmäe, Maire-Liis Hääl

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laidmäe, Virve-Ines, 1941-

    2007-01-01

    Krooniliste reumatoloogiliste haigete terviseseisundist, ravi kättesaadavusest ning toimetulekust haiguse ja igapäevaeluga. Uurimuse aluseks on rahvastikuküsitluse "Eesti 2003" ja küsitluse "Kroonilised reumatoloogilised haiged 2006" materjalid

  9. Raamat, mis hakkab käima hoolikalt käest kätte / Maire Vill

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vill, Maire

    2005-01-01

    rets. rmt.: Saatusekaaslased: Eesti noored vabadusvõitluses 1944 - 1954/Endiste õpilasvabadusvõitlejate Liit; koostanud Udo Josia. Tartu : Tallinn: Endiste Õpilasvabadusvõitlejate Liit, 2004. 304 lk. : ill., portr.

  10. Lugejad küsivad - autorid vastavad : [teemad: dividendide tulumaks...] / Maire Otsus-Carpenter, Toomas Villems, Olesja Timofejeva ...[jt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2015-01-01

    Teemad: dividendide tulumaks, kasumi jaotamine, konsolideeritud aruande koostamine, tulu komisjonimüügi puhul, kinnisvaratehingu käibemaksuga maksustamine, hüvitis kasutamata puhkuse eest, tütarettevõtte loomine, töölepingu lõpetamine ülesütlemisavalduse alusel

  11. Lugejad küsivad - autorid vastavad : [teemad: kasumiaruandest...] / Toomas Villems, Madis Valk, Maire Otsus-Carpenter... [jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2016-01-01

    Teemad: kasumiaruandest, sihtfinantseerimise kajastamisest tuluna, majandusaasta aruandest, sissemaksete osakapitali kajastamisest, mitteresidendist tööandja registreerimisest, töötaja töötasust mahaarvamiste kokkulepetest, välislähetuste päevarahadest

  12. Lugejad küsivad - autorid vastavad : [teemad: aktsiaseltsi jagunemiskavast...] / Toomas Villems, Maire Otsus-Carpenter, Olesja Timofejeva, Piret Pallo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2016-01-01

    Teemad: aktsiaseltsi jagunemiskavast, amortisatsiooni arvutamisest, puhkusetasu arvestamisest, ettemaksete kajastamisest bilansis, aktsiisiga seotud toimingute kajastamisest, aastaaruande korrigeerimisest, ümbrikupalgast

  13. Lugejad küsivad - autorid vastavad : [teemad: aktsiaseltsi jagunemiskavast...] / Toomas Villems, Maire Otsus-Carpenter, Olesja Timofejeva...[jt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2016-01-01

    Teemad: aktsiaseltsi jagunemiskavast, amortisatsiooni arvutamisest, puhkusetasu arvestamisest, ettemaksete kajastamisest bilansis, aktsiisiga seotud toimingute kajastamisest, aastaaruande korrigeerimisest, ümbrikupalgast

  14. Morphological characterization of the mycorrhiza formed by Helianthemum almeriense Pau with Terfezia claveryi Chatin and Picoa lefebvrei (Pat.) Maire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gutiérrez, A; Morte, A; Honrubia, M

    2003-12-01

    This work presents the first anatomical description of the mycorrhizal systems of Helianthemum almeriense, and of the structure and ultrastructure of the mycorrhizae formed by this plant species with the ascomycetes Terfezia claveryi and Picoa lefebvrei. Four different mycorrhizal systems are described, the club-shaped mycorrhiza being the most abundant. The type of mycorrhiza formed depended on the mycorrhiza culture conditions, but not on the fungal species. For both fungal species, H. almeriense formed an endomycorrhiza in natural field conditions, an ecto- and ectendomycorrhiza without a sheath in pot cultures, and an ectomycorrhiza with a characteristic sheath and Hartig net in in vitro cultures. This is the first report of a typical sheath in Helianthemum-desert truffle mycorrhizal associations. The results support the idea that culture conditions can induce changes in mycorrhiza morphology and that there is no clear barrier between the two main types of mycorrhiza organization in Helianthemum species. The ultrastructural study confirmed the regular presence of T. claveryi intracellular hyphae in direct contact with the host wall, a localization which seems to be a characteristic of the T. claveryi mycorrhiza organization. The P. lefebvrei mycorrhiza organization was characterized by intracellular hyphae with large amounts of electron-dense globules, probably with a lipidic content, and a warty ornamentation on the wall of the root external hyphae.

  15. An Admiralty for Asia: Isaac le Maire and conflicting conceptions about the corporate governance of the VOC

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    O. Gelderblom (Oscar); A. de Jong (Abe); J. Jonker (Joost)

    2010-01-01

    textabstractThe Dutch East India Company or VOC in 1602 showed many characteristics of modern corporations, including limited liability, freely transferable shares, and well-defined managerial functions. However, we challenge the notion of the VOC as the precursor of modern corporations to argue tha

  16. Piiriülesed mikroettevõtted on ka Eesti IT-äride võimalus = Estonian IT firms on course to becoming micro-multinationals / Mihkel Lauk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lauk, Mihkel

    2014-01-01

    Piiriülesest mikroettevõttest (micro multinational). Eesti IKT-ettevõtete arengut pidurdavatest teguritest. PwC kutsub üles looma Läänemere Infoühiskonna Äriakadeemiat, mille ülesanne oleks korraldada väikeettevõtlusõpet koostöös piirkonna ülikoolide ja eraettevõtetega

  17. Piiriülesed mikroettevõtted on ka Eesti IT-äride võimalus = Estonian IT firms on course to becoming micro-multinationals / Mihkel Lauk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lauk, Mihkel

    2014-01-01

    Piiriülesest mikroettevõttest (micro multinational). Eesti IKT-ettevõtete arengut pidurdavatest teguritest. PwC kutsub üles looma Läänemere Infoühiskonna Äriakadeemiat, mille ülesanne oleks korraldada väikeettevõtlusõpet koostöös piirkonna ülikoolide ja eraettevõtetega

  18. Bits of Accountability in a Sea of Freedom. In: Eberwein, T., Fenglers, S. Lauk, E. & Leppik-Bork, T.(Eds.) Mapping Media Accountability - in Europe and Beyond. Koln: Herbert von Halem Verlag.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dr Huub Evers; drs Harmen Groenhart

    2011-01-01

    Freedom of speech, plurality and self-regulation characterize the Dutch media system. With fading political parallelism, strong public service broadcasting and a fair level of professionalization the Dutch media system fits the model of Democratic Corporatist media system. Continuous debates on jour

  19. Bits of Accountability in a Sea of Freedom. In: Eberwein, T., Fenglers, S. Lauk, E. & Leppik-Bork, T.(Eds.) Mapping Media Accountability - in Europe and Beyond. Koln: Herbert von Halem Verlag.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Groenhart, Harmen; Evers, Huub

    2011-01-01

    Freedom of speech, plurality and self-regulation characterize the Dutch media system. With fading political parallelism, strong public service broadcasting and a fair level of professionalization the Dutch media system fits the model of Democratic Corporatist media system. Continuous debates on jour

  20. Lugejad küsivad - autorid vastavad : [teemad: osaühingu raamatupidamine...] / Maire Otsus-Carpenter, Olesja Timofejeva, Häli Jürimäe ...[jt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2015-01-01

    Teemad: osaühingu raamatupidamine, sõiduauto liikluskindlustus rendiperioodil, OÜ käibemaksukohustuslasena registreerimine, arvel nõutavad andmed, deklaratsiooni parandamine, päevaraha maksmine lähetuse korral, allkirjastamise õiguse delegeerimine

  1. Lugejad küsivad - autorid vastavad : [teemad: osaühingu raamatupidamine...] / Maire Otsus-Carpenter, Olesja Timofejeva, Häli Jürimäe ...[jt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2015-01-01

    Teemad: osaühingu raamatupidamine, sõiduauto liikluskindlustus rendiperioodil, OÜ käibemaksukohustuslasena registreerimine, arvel nõutavad andmed, deklaratsiooni parandamine, päevaraha maksmine lähetuse korral, allkirjastamise õiguse delegeerimine

  2. 红豆杉多糖的提取与结构初探%Extraction of Maire Yew Polysaccharide and Its Structure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑德勇; 徐莉; 郑月梅; 林清霞

    2012-01-01

    A polysaccharide was prepared from the branches and leaves of the Taxus ckinensis var. mairei by the processing of hot water extraction, concentration, alcohol-precipitation, dialysis and protein isolation successively. The polysaccharide molecular weight was determined by Sephadex G-100 gel permeation chromatography. The monosaccharide composition of the taxus polysaccharide was determined by gas chromatography. And IR spectra of taxus polysaccharide were determined, too. The results showed that the taxus polysaccharide' s molecular weight was 59. 2 ku, which composed of 365 monosaccharide groups. The ratio of Rhamnose, Arabinose, Mannose, Glucose and Galactose was 4:6:1:1:4. The taxus polysaccharide was a glycoconjugate that composed of several kinds of monosaccharide, glucuronic acid and amino acid. The monosaccharide was in the form of pyran ring and linked by β-( 1,3) glucosidic bond each other. The peptide in taxus polysaccharide couldn't be destructed by Sevag method.%红豆杉枝叶经热水浸提、浓缩、醇沉、透析等工序制得一种红豆杉多糖,采用Sephadex G-100凝胶渗透法测定分子质量,采用气相色谱法测定其单糖组成,并测定了不同纯度红豆杉多糖的红外光谱.所得红豆杉多糖分子质量约为59.2ku,可视为由约365个糖残基构成的高分子化合物,其单糖残基鼠李糖、阿拉伯糖、甘露糖、葡萄糖、半乳糖数量比约为4∶6∶1∶1∶4.该红豆杉多糖分子结构中含有普通单糖、糖醛酸或氨基酸残基等,单糖主要以吡喃环形式存在、通过β-(1,3)苷键结合形成一种糖蛋白缀合物,Sevag法处理不能完全除去分子中的肽链.

  3. 我国工艺用往复式主流压缩机发展沿革%Development History of Mair Reciprocating Compressors for Process in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高其烈

    2015-01-01

    Focus on the reciprocating piston compressor for chemical fertilizer production an d oil refining and hydrogenation, this pa-per mainly reviewed the development history of reciprocating compressor for process in China.%以化肥生产用及石油精炼加氢用往复活塞压缩机为主线,扼要评介新中国工艺用往复压缩机发展沿革。

  4. Pierre & Maire Cuire and the Discovery of Polonium and Radium%居里夫妇与钋和镭的发现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张清建

    2000-01-01

    @@ 1 科学背景 1895年12月,德国物理学家伦琴(W.R(o)ntgen)宣布发现一种穿透力很强、并能摄下人的手骨照片的神秘射线,取名为"X射线".这一消息震惊了欧洲科学界.1896年1月20日,法国数学物理学家彭加勒(H.Poincaré)在科学院例会上提出,由于X射线来自克鲁克斯管上的荧光斑,那么其他荧光物质也可能放出类似的射线.

  5. Uudised : Eesti klaveriduo edukas. Preemiaga Leipzigist. Eesti pianist Carnegie Halli laval / Kristel Kase

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kase, Kristel

    2000-01-01

    Duo Ratassepp-Mikalai pälvisid 2. koha Itaalias Paduas II Silvio Omizzolo klaveriduode konkursil. 14. ja 15. apr. Leipzigis toimunud IV improvisatsioonikonkursist, kus B. Baumann ja T. Johannes pälvisid eripreemia. Klaveriduo A. Nahkur-E. Iroidou võitudest 1999. a. rahvusvahelistel konkurssidel ja kontserdireisist USAsse

  6. ERÜ aasta- ja teenetepreemiad 2009 / Reet Olevsoo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Olevsoo, Reet, 1956

    2010-01-01

    ERÜ aastapreemia 2009 vääris Eesti Rahvusraamatukogu raamatukoguterminoloogia juhtiv spetsialist, ERÜ terminoloogiatoimkonna sekretär Siiri Lauk. ERÜ teenetepreemia said Koigi Raamatukogu juhataja Mare Nurmsalu ning aastakümneid eesti rahvusbibliograafiaga tegelenud Anne Ainz

  7. Midagi enamat kui hea film / Peep Pedmanson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pedmanson, Peep

    2006-01-01

    Mängufilm "Libahundi needus" : stsenaristid Margus Kasterpalu, Ilmar Raag ja Rainer Sarnet : režissöör Rainer Sarnet : osades Katariina Lauk, Rene Reinumägi : Shop of Dreams - Eesti Televisioon 2005

  8. Midagi enamat kui hea film / Peep Pedmanson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pedmanson, Peep

    2006-01-01

    Mängufilm "Libahundi needus" : stsenaristid Margus Kasterpalu, Ilmar Raag ja Rainer Sarnet : režissöör Rainer Sarnet : osades Katariina Lauk, Rene Reinumägi : Shop of Dreams - Eesti Televisioon 2005

  9. GAMBARAN POLA MAKAN TERHADAP TINGKAT GLUKOSA DARAH PADA PENDERITA DIABETES MELITUS DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS KARANGASEM I

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I Putu Bagus Muliartha

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Diabetes Mellitus (DM adalah penyakit kronis yang terjadi akibat pankreas yang tidak mampu menghasilkan insulin yang cukup atau ketidakefektifan tubuh dalam menggunakan insulin. Salah satu faktor risiko dari diabetes melitus adalah gaya atau pola hidup yang tidak sehat, salah satunya pola makan. Hal inilah yang perlu diperhatikan dalam pengelolaan diabetes melitus. Rancangan penelitian ini adalah studi potong lintang deskriptif untuk untuk mengetahui gambaran pola makan terhadap tingkat glukosa darah pada penderita diabetes mellitus di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Karangasem I. Responden yang mengkonsumsi makanan pokok tiga kali sehari memiliki tingkat glukosa darah terkontrol (56,1%, sedangkan yang mengkonsumsi makanan pokok dua kali sehari memiliki tingkat glukosa darah terkontrol (57,1%. Responden yang selalu mengkonsumsi lauk hewani memiliki tingkat glukosa darah terkontrol (56,8%, dan yang kadang-kadang mengkonsumsi lauk hewani (58,8%. Sedangkan yang tidak pernah mengkonsumsi lauk hewani memiliki glukosa darah terkontrol (0%. Responden yang selalu mengkonsumsi lauk nabati memiliki tingkat glukosa darah yang terkontrol (62,8%, dan yang kadang-kadang mengkonsumsi  lauk nabati (40,0%. Responden yang selalu mengkonsumsi sayur dan buah memiliki tingkat glukosa darah yang terkontrol (64,4%, dan yang kadang-kadang mengkonsumsi sayur dan buah (20%. Responden yang selalu mengkonsumsi cemilan memiliki tingkat glukosa darah yang terkontrol (59,1%, yang kadang-kadang mengkonsumsi cemilan (57,1%, dan yang jarang mengkonsumsi cemilan (40,0%.        

  10. Thermal and pressure stability of myrosinase enzymes from black mustard (Brassica nigra L. W.D.J. Koch. var. nigra), brown mustard (Brassica juncea L. Czern. var. juncea) and yellow mustard (Sinapsis alba L. subsp. maire) seeds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okunade, Olukayode Adediran; Ghawi, Sameer Khalil; Methven, Lisa; Niranjan, Keshavan

    2015-11-15

    This study investigates the effects of temperature and pressure on inactivation of myrosinase extracted from black, brown and yellow mustard seeds. Brown mustard had higher myrosinase activity (2.75 un/mL) than black (1.50 un/mL) and yellow mustard (0.63 un/mL). The extent of enzyme inactivation increased with pressure (600-800 MPa) and temperature (30-70° C) for all the mustard seeds. However, at combinations of lower pressures (200-400 MPa) and high temperatures (60-80 °C), there was less inactivation. For example, application of 300 MPa and 70 °C for 10 min retained 20%, 80% and 65% activity in yellow, black and brown mustard, respectively, whereas the corresponding activity retentions when applying only heat (70° C, 10 min) were 0%, 59% and 35%. Thus, application of moderate pressures (200-400 MPa) can potentially be used to retain myrosinase activity needed for subsequent glucosinolate hydrolysis.

  11. 理查德·卡茨和彼得·梅尔的卡特尔政党理论述评%Commenting on the Cartel Party Theory of Richard Katz and Peter Mair

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈崎

    2013-01-01

    美国学者卡茨和爱尔兰学者梅尔于1992年提出了卡特尔政党理论,并在此后的近20年间不断对其加以丰富和发展,使之形成了比较完整的体系.该理论从西方政党与社会和国家之间关系的变化入手,一方面探讨了政党与国家之间的关系日益密切、主流政党结成政治卡特尔垄断国家政权、议会和政府内的政党领袖和组织日趋强势、政党的中央机构不断强化等现象,为政党的存在和发展提供了合理的解释;另一方面也注意到了政党逐渐脱离社会而导致的政党地方组织和基层组织萎缩、党员数量下降等问题,意识到政党在长远发展中将会面临合法性不足的危机.不过,卡茨和梅尔未能找到应对这些问题和危机的办法,体现出了其理论的局限性.对卡特尔政党理论加以介绍和评价,为我们揭示当代西方政党发展变化的实质并预测其未来的变化趋势提供了新的理论视角.

  12. Eesti esimesed naisskulptorid / Juta Kivimäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivimäe, Juta, 1952-

    2004-01-01

    Näituse koostaja J. Kivimäe kuni 13. VI Adamson-Ericu muuseumis avatud näitusest "Eesti esimesi naisskulptoreid". 8. VI skulptor Maire Männikule (1922-2003) pühendatud mälestuspäev: näha saab Rein Raamatu filmi Maire Männikust

  13. Linear Logistic Test Modeling with R

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baghaei, Purya; Kubinger, Klaus D.

    2015-01-01

    The present paper gives a general introduction to the linear logistic test model (Fischer, 1973), an extension of the Rasch model with linear constraints on item parameters, along with eRm (an R package to estimate different types of Rasch models; Mair, Hatzinger, & Mair, 2014) functions to estimate the model and interpret its parameters. The…

  14. Eesti film - needusega? / Margot Visnap

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Visnap, Margot, 1959-

    2006-01-01

    Mängufilm "Libahundi needus" : stsenaristid Margus Kasterpalu, Ilmar Raag ja Rainer Sarnet : režissöör Rainer Sarnet : osades Katariina Lauk, Rene Reinumägi, Raine Loo, Kersti Kreismann, Marje Metsur, Tiit Lilleorg : Shop of Dreams - Eesti Televisioon 2005

  15. DVD. Margit Tõnson soovitab : "Libahundi needus" / Margit Tõnson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tõnson, Margit, 1978-

    2006-01-01

    ETV levitab DVD-l mängufilmi "Libahundi needus" : stsenaristid Margus Kasterpalu, Ilmar Raag ja Rainer Sarnet : režissöör Rainer Sarnet : osades Katariina Lauk, Rene Reinumägi : Shop of Dreams - Eesti Televisioon 2005

  16. Kas võidab teater või sihikindel needus ? / Matis Song

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Song, Matis, 1978-

    2006-01-01

    Mängufilm "Libahundi needus" : stsenaristid Margus Kasterpalu, Ilmar Raag ja Rainer Sarnet : režissöör Rainer Sarnet : osades Katariina Lauk, Rene Reinumägi, Raine Loo, Kersti Kreismann, Marje Metsur, Tiit Lilleorg : Shop of Dreams - Eesti Televisioon 2005

  17. Ikka enam ja enam mõeldes näitlejale / interv. Katri Kaasik-Aaslav

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    Intervjueeritakse L. Säälikut, A. Reemanni ja K. Lauk-Tamme ning püütakse välja selgitada nende näitlejate töömeetodit ja nägemust oma kutsest. Selgub ka lavastaja vaatepunkt näitlejatööle

  18. Kas võidab teater või sihikindel needus ? / Matis Song

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Song, Matis, 1978-

    2006-01-01

    Mängufilm "Libahundi needus" : stsenaristid Margus Kasterpalu, Ilmar Raag ja Rainer Sarnet : režissöör Rainer Sarnet : osades Katariina Lauk, Rene Reinumägi, Raine Loo, Kersti Kreismann, Marje Metsur, Tiit Lilleorg : Shop of Dreams - Eesti Televisioon 2005

  19. Eesti film - needusega? / Margot Visnap

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Visnap, Margot, 1959-

    2006-01-01

    Mängufilm "Libahundi needus" : stsenaristid Margus Kasterpalu, Ilmar Raag ja Rainer Sarnet : režissöör Rainer Sarnet : osades Katariina Lauk, Rene Reinumägi, Raine Loo, Kersti Kreismann, Marje Metsur, Tiit Lilleorg : Shop of Dreams - Eesti Televisioon 2005

  20. DVD. Margit Tõnson soovitab : "Libahundi needus" / Margit Tõnson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tõnson, Margit, 1978-

    2006-01-01

    ETV levitab DVD-l mängufilmi "Libahundi needus" : stsenaristid Margus Kasterpalu, Ilmar Raag ja Rainer Sarnet : režissöör Rainer Sarnet : osades Katariina Lauk, Rene Reinumägi : Shop of Dreams - Eesti Televisioon 2005

  1. Sentimentalsed naised ja vagased vaimud / Sven Karja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karja, Sven, 1968-

    2006-01-01

    Mängufilm "Libahundi needus" : stsenaristid Margus Kasterpalu, Ilmar Raag ja Rainer Sarnet : režissöör Rainer Sarnet : osades Katariina Lauk, Rene Reinumägi : Shop of Dreams - Eesti Televisioon 2005. Lisatud R. Sarneti filmograafia lk. 115

  2. Determinants of Social Entrepreneurial Intentions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hockerts, Kai

    . Results indicate that prior experience is positively linked to social entrepreneurial intentions. Moreover, this effect is mediated by the antecedents suggested by Mair and Noboa. The findings suggest that self-efficacy has both the biggest impact on intentions as well as being itself most responsive...... entrepreneurial behavior of master students such as evidenced in the number of electives selected which have a social entrepreneurial profile.......This paper tests the model proposed by Mair and Noboa (2006) who identify four antecedents which they suggest predict social entrepreneurial intentions and behavior. This study tests the Mair and Noboa model and extends it by including prior experience with social problems as an additional variable...

  3. Päevatäis eesti filme, luulet ja toitu Telluses / Katrin Käärik ; fotod: Katrin Käärik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Käärik, Katrin, 1950-

    2006-01-01

    4. veebruaril 2006 Telluse kultuuriseltsi ja Eesti Instituudi poolt korraldatud eesti päevast. Näidati eesti filme, Aino Tamjärv luges oma luulet, Mats Tiigiste valmistas toite, Maire Vill tutvustas filme

  4. Paneeldiskussioon [veebipõhisest õpikeskkonnast] / Mart Laanpere

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laanpere, Mart

    2003-01-01

    Maire Salundi (projekt Learning for Sharing) juhtimisel läbi viidud paneeldiskussioon, milles osalesid Mart Laanepere, Kerttu Lõhmus (AS Trainator Training), Mall Maasik (Audentes Ariko AS) ja Anne Villems (Tartu Ülikool)

  5. McMatused / Maris Sander

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sander, Maris

    2011-01-01

    Tänapäeva matusekommetest ja -teenustest. Arvamust avaldavad Tartu Krematooriumi juhataja Andres Tõnissoo, Karksi-Nuia matusetalitaja ja matusekommete talletaja Maire Sala, vikaar Arho Tuhku, surmakultuuri uurija Marju Kõivupuu ja Tallinna Matusebüroo direktor Toomas Daum

  6. McMatused / Maris Sander

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sander, Maris

    2011-01-01

    Tänapäeva matusekommetest ja -teenustest. Arvamust avaldavad Tartu Krematooriumi juhataja Andres Tõnissoo, Karksi-Nuia matusetalitaja ja matusekommete talletaja Maire Sala, vikaar Arho Tuhku, surmakultuuri uurija Marju Kõivupuu ja Tallinna Matusebüroo direktor Toomas Daum

  7. Võrumaa Kutsehariduskeskuses esietendus kuulus "Oklahoma" / Tiit Raud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raud, Tiit

    2006-01-01

    12. aprillil esietendus "Oklahoma", mis valmis Rogersi ja Hammersteini samanimelise muusikali põhjal. Esitasid kutsehariduskeskuse noortekoori lauljad-näitlejad. Tantsujuht Maire Udras, kunstnik Lilian-Hanna Taimla, muusikaline juht Tiit Raud

  8. Prishla pora otdat Viiraltu dolg / Rein Raamat ; interv. Nikolai Hrustaljov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raamat, Rein, 1931-

    2000-01-01

    Endine joonisfilmide looja, praegune tõsielufilmide produtsent ja režissöör oma tööst, eriti kahest viimasest portreefilmist "Inimene, kes oskab olla õnnelik" ja "Maire Männik, 54 rue du Montparnasse"

  9. Paneeldiskussioon [veebipõhisest õpikeskkonnast] / Mart Laanpere

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laanpere, Mart

    2003-01-01

    Maire Salundi (projekt Learning for Sharing) juhtimisel läbi viidud paneeldiskussioon, milles osalesid Mart Laanepere, Kerttu Lõhmus (AS Trainator Training), Mall Maasik (Audentes Ariko AS) ja Anne Villems (Tartu Ülikool)

  10. Antecedents of Social Entrepreneurial Intentions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hockerts, Kai

    2013-01-01

    This paper is a contribution towards Mair and Noboa ‘s (2006) model of the antecedents of social entrepreneurial intentions. The Mair/Noboa model builds on Krueger’s (1993) proposal of a theory of planned behavior for entrepreneurial intention formation by suggesting that social entrepreneurial i...... such as empathy, moral obligation, self-efficacy, and social support to the context of social entrepreneurship and thus provide the basis for future research into the effectiveness of social entrepreneurship research....

  11. Preface

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ Congratulations to the release of MAIRS special issue! Monsoon Asia Integrated Regional Study (MAIRS), formally started from 2006, is an international research program focusing on the integrated study of human-monsoon interaction. Monsoon Asia region is characterized by diverse geography that includes the world' s highest mountains and longest rivers. Significant fractions of these habitats are fragile for various reasons, including highly variable rainfall, frequent droughts and floods.

  12. Sündis luuletaja! / Urve Eslas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Eslas, Urve

    2006-01-01

    Tüdruk, kes sa teretasid vaime : [valik noort eesti luulet 2005 / Sigrid Sibul, Hiie Tamman, Viivika Rõuk, Kristi Anderson, Mari Sõrmus, Olga Tsherjomushkina, Kadi Soop, Sabina Zinovjeva, Eva Pärnits, Anneli Orgusaar, Nele Salveste, Pille-Riin Vatter, Björn Norralt, Maario Essa, Viljo Kivisild, Märt Lauks ; koostaja ja toimetaja Leelo Tungal ; eessõna: Jan Kaus. Tallinn : Hea Laps ; Eesti Kirjanike Liit, 2006. Esitlus toimus Tallinna Kirjanike Majas 29. märtsil

  13. [Luuletused] / no igauņu valodas atdzejojis Guntars Godiņš

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    fs, pseud., 1971-

    2005-01-01

    Sisu: "kas mēs esam..." ; "Dzejnieki dzejo par dzejoshanu..." ; "ko gan es iesāktu bez Tevis Ave..." ; "strādāju arhīvā..."; "mīli mani no deviņiem līdz pieciem..." ; "kad cilvēks nomirst..." ; "skarbs vīrs no rīta iziet laukā..."

  14. [Luuletused] / no igauņu valodas atdzejojis Guntars Godiņš

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    fs, pseud., 1971-

    2005-01-01

    Sisu: "kas mēs esam..." ; "Dzejnieki dzejo par dzejoshanu..." ; "ko gan es iesāktu bez Tevis Ave..." ; "strādāju arhīvā..."; "mīli mani no deviņiem līdz pieciem..." ; "kad cilvēks nomirst..." ; "skarbs vīrs no rīta iziet laukā..."

  15. Evaluación de la producción de cuerpos fructíferos de cepas guatemaltecas del hongo comestible Rukoxil Tunay Che’ (Agrocybe cylindracea (DC.: Fr. Maire en diferentes sustratosEvaluation of the production of fruiting bodies of the

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María del Carmen Bran

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available En el presente estudio se determinó la producción de cuerpos fructíferos de cinco cepas nativas de Agrocybe cylindracea sobre tres sustratos y dos tratamientos térmicos, a través del porcentaje de eficiencia biológica y la medición del diámetro de los píleos. Se encontró que el mayor porcentaje de eficiencia biológica de las cepas en los sustratos evaluados fue 115.84 %, que correspondió al sustrato constituido por 29% paja de trigo mas 1% de harina de soya pasteurizado y obtenido por la cepa 58.01, la cual también produjo las mayores eficiencias biológicas en todos los sustratos evaluados. Al confrontar el porcentaje de eficiencia biológica en los diferentes sustratos, todas las cepas presentaron valores altos en el sustrato compuesto por 28% de paja de trigo, 1% harina de soya y CaCO3. Con respecto al diámetro de los cuerpos fructíferos, las cepas 58.01, 59.01, 60.01 y 638.08 produjeron píleos menores de 2 cm, entre 2-4 cm y mayores a 4.0 cm en los diferentes sustratos y tratamientos, excepto la cepa 59.01 que en el sustrato formulado con 29% de paja de trigo y 1% de harina de soya, solo produjo cuerpos fructíferos con píleos menores a 2 cm y entre 2-4 cm. En el análisis proximal de los basidiomas de las cepas evaluadas se obtuvo un alto porcentaje de proteínas, fibra cruda y carbohidratos, así como bajo porcentaje de grasas. Se recomienda que en futuras investigaciones o transferencia de tecnología a comunidades o entidades interesadas en el cultivo de este hongo, utilizar paja de trigo suplementada con harina de soya y como regulador de pH CaCO3, ya que en dicho sustrato se obtuvieron los mayores porcentajes de eficiencia biológica para la producción de cuerpos fructíferos de A. cylindracea.

  16. Petits vocabulaires "des risques et des catastrophes d'origine naturelle" et "de l'agroécologie", Teddy AULY, Philippe LAYMOND, Marie-Claire PRAT et Jésus VEIGA –  RICHARD MAIRE et Jean-Marc QUITÉ, 2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claude Martin

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available La collection des "Petits vocabulaires" inaugurée en 2009 (Petit vocabulaire du droit de l'environnement et complétée en 2011 (Petit vocabulaire de l'environnement s'est enrichie récemment de deux nouveaux titres.D'un format réduit (12  21 cm, joliment illustrés, ces petits livres de 95 pages chacun offrent une liste de définitions classées par ordre alphabétique. Certes, il ne s'agit pas de dictionnaires exhaustifs, mais les choix sont assumés par les auteurs, avec une mise en perspectiv...

  17. Diagnosis of diabetes diseases using an Artificial Immune Recognition System2 (AIRS2) with fuzzy K-nearest neighbor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chikh, Mohamed Amine; Saidi, Meryem; Settouti, Nesma

    2012-10-01

    The use of expert systems and artificial intelligence techniques in disease diagnosis has been increasing gradually. Artificial Immune Recognition System (AIRS) is one of the methods used in medical classification problems. AIRS2 is a more efficient version of the AIRS algorithm. In this paper, we used a modified AIRS2 called MAIRS2 where we replace the K- nearest neighbors algorithm with the fuzzy K-nearest neighbors to improve the diagnostic accuracy of diabetes diseases. The diabetes disease dataset used in our work is retrieved from UCI machine learning repository. The performances of the AIRS2 and MAIRS2 are evaluated regarding classification accuracy, sensitivity and specificity values. The highest classification accuracy obtained when applying the AIRS2 and MAIRS2 using 10-fold cross-validation was, respectively 82.69% and 89.10%.

  18. Determinants of Social Entrepreneurial Intentions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hockerts, Kai

    2017-01-01

    predicts social entrepreneurial intentions. This effect is mediated by the antecedents suggested by Mair and Noboa. Social entrepreneurial self-efficacy has both the largest impact on intentions as well as being itself most responsive to prior experience. Lastly, the study shows that the amount of optional...... social entrepreneurship electives students enroll in is predicted by social entrepreneurial intentions.......This article tests the model proposed by Mair and Noboa (2006) who identify four antecedents which they suggest predict social entrepreneurial intentions. The study extends the model by including prior experience with social problems as an additional variable. Findings show that prior experience...

  19. Linear Logistic Test Modeling with R

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Purya Baghaei

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The present paper gives a general introduction to the linear logistic test model (Fischer, 1973, an extension of the Rasch model with linear constraints on item parameters, along with eRm (an R package to estimate different types of Rasch models; Mair, Hatzinger, & Mair, 2014 functions to estimate the model and interpret its parameters. The applications of the model in test validation, hypothesis testing, cross-cultural studies of test bias, rule-based item generation, and investigating construct irrelevant factors which contribute to item difficulty are explained. The model is applied to an English as a foreign language reading comprehension test and the results are discussed.

  20. Esitlusele tuleb noorte ja väga noorte autorite luulekogumik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Tüdruk, kes sa teretasid vaime : [valik noort eesti luulet 2005 / Sigrid Sibul, Hiie Tamman, Viivika Rõuk, Kristi Anderson, Mari Sõrmus, Olga Tsherjomushkina, Kadi Soop, Sabina Zinovjeva, Eva Pärnits, Anneli Orgusaar, Nele Salveste, Pille-Riin Vatter, Björn Norralt, Maario Essa, Viljo Kivisild, Märt Lauks ; koostaja ja toimetaja Leelo Tungal ; eessõna: Jan Kaus. Tallinn : Hea Laps : Eesti Kirjanike Liit, 2006. Esitlus Tallinna Kirjanike Majas 29. märtsil. Vt. ka Postimees, 31. märts, lk. 20

  1. Anneteparaad III / Karin Paulus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paulus, Karin, 1975-

    2008-01-01

    Tutvustatakse Tartu Kõrgema Kunstikooli diplomandide lõputöid: 1. Diana Hints "Ba-Rokk", 2. Maire Rebina "Alleshoitud naeratused", 3. Liis Pihlik "Unistused ehk hingele pai", 4. Ille Agu "Pitsiring - pruudipesu kollektsioon", 5. Ingwald Koser "Chaise Longue", 6. Kaisa Paluoja installatsioon "/....../", 7. Kaidi Ploomipuu arvutiga juhitavatel telgedel kootud sisustuskangas

  2. A CRTCal link between energy and life span.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brunet, Anne

    2011-04-01

    Cutting down calories prolongs life, but how this works remains largely unknown. A recent study in Nature (Mair et al., 2011) shows that life span extension triggered by the energy-sensing protein kinase AMPK is mediated by an evolutionarily conserved transcriptional circuit involving CRTC-1 and CREB.

  3. Leucopaxillus lepistoides, a new steppe fungus in Poland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janusz Łuszczyński

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents information on Leucopaxillus lepistoides (Maire Singer, a new species for Poland. This fungus was found in two localities: the neighbourhood of Busko Zdrój and Chęciny (Little Polish Upland, S-Poland. Both localities were in the xerothermic grasslands belonging to the Cirsio-Brachypodion Order, Festuco-Brometea Class.

  4. Text analysis and computers

    OpenAIRE

    1995-01-01

    Content: Erhard Mergenthaler: Computer-assisted content analysis (3-32); Udo Kelle: Computer-aided qualitative data analysis: an overview (33-63); Christian Mair: Machine-readable text corpora and the linguistic description of danguages (64-75); Jürgen Krause: Principles of content analysis for information retrieval systems (76-99); Conference Abstracts (100-131).

  5. Articulações intrapartidárias e desempenho eleitoral no Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    George Avelino

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Les partis politiques brésiliens sont-ils importants sur le plan électoral? Cet article se consacre à ce problème en analysant si l'élection d'un maire influence les résultats électoraux de son parti dans la même commune. Un Modèle de Régression Discontinue (RDD est utilisé pour identifier l'influence des maires sur les résultats électoraux de leur parti lors de l'élection de députés tant au niveau fédéral que de l'État. Les résultats obtenus suggèrent que l'élection d'un maire (même lorsque sa victoire n'est due qu'à 1% de différence devra augmenter les scores du même parti aux élections législatives, que ce soit sur le plan fédéral ou de l'état. Ce résultat est interprété comme une évidence de l'articulation interne des partis, les maires agissant systématiquement en faveur des candidats au poste de député fédéral de leur propre parti.

  6. Oscaritel andsid tooni inimhinge süngete tungide filmid / Tiit Tuumalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuumalu, Tiit, 1971-

    2008-01-01

    80. Oscarite galast. Joel ja Ethan Coeni mängufilm "Ei ole maad vanadele meestele" ("No Country for Old Men") võitis neli auhinda (parim film, režii, stsenaarium, meeskõrvalosa). Lisatud arvamused Timo Dienerilt,Tristan Priimägilt, Maire Aunastelt ja võitjate nimekiri

  7. Download the whole Issue (9Mb

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redazione Reti Medievali (a cura di

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Peer reviewed by Renato Bordone, Filippo Burgarella, Sandro Carocci, Alexandra Chavarria Arnau, Simone Collavini, Salvatore Cosentino, Cristina La Rocca, Lech Leciejewicz, Jean-Claude Maire Vigueur, Marc Mayer, Eduardo Manzano Moreno, Fabio Saggioro, Chris Wickham, Enrico Zanini, Luca Zavagno.

  8. Beyond Mastery: Postmodern College Composition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Juncker, Clara

    1990-01-01

    Describes a modestly postmodern experiment (in an Advanced Composition course) with feminine linguistic spaces (Woolf, Welty, and Mairs) crisscrossing academic borders and existing simultaneously within and without traditional institutional modes. Uses Luce Irigaray's essay "Is the Subject of Science Sexed?" to comment on this undertaking. (SR)

  9. Edukamad naisjuhtidega ettevõtted 2007. aastal

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Naisjuhtidega ettevõtete TOP. Vt. samas: Müügitulu TOP 5; Müügitulu kasvu TOP 5; Kasumi TOP 5; Kasumi kasvu TOP 5; Rentaabluse TOP 5; Omakapitali tootlikkuse TOP 5; Urve Vilk. Naisjuht eelistab teenindussektorit; Marja Kiristaja: üksinda ei juhi keegi; Ketlin Priilinn. Maire Milder: hea juht inspireerib; Lilija Peets: järjekindlus toob edu

  10. Eesti esimesed naisskulptorid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    15. aprillist Adamson-Ericu muuseumis Juta Kivimäe koostatud näitus "Eesti esimesi naisskulptoreid". Näeb režissöör Rein Raamatu portreefilmi "Maire Männik, 54 Rue du Montparnasse" (2000). 12. V teabepäeval esinevad J. Kivimäe, Isabel Aaso, Mari-Liis Tammi, Reet Varblane, Rein Raamat

  11. Mõtteid raamatust / Koost. Heigi Aaviste

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1995-01-01

    Aut.: Maire Liivamets, Paul Luhtein, Paul-Eerik Rummo, Maksim Gorki, Johannes Semper, R.Descartes, Valmar Adams, Lilli Promet, Paul Rummo, Cicero, Honoré de Balzac, Aleksandr Pushkin, Epikuros, Debora Vaarandi, Arvi Siig, Helene Johani, Juhan Smuul, Friedebert Tuglas

  12. Eesti matus / Eve Rohtla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rohtla, Eve, 1961-

    2012-01-01

    Surma ja matusekombestiku kohta jagavad selgitusi Eesti uuema aja matusekombestiku talletaja ja matusebüroo omanik Maire Sala, Tallinna Jaani koguduse õpetaja ja Tallinna praost Jaan Tammsalu ning surmaga seotud pärimuste uurija ja tõlgendaja folklorist Marju Kõivupuu

  13. Eesti matus / Eve Rohtla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rohtla, Eve, 1961-

    2012-01-01

    Surma ja matusekombestiku kohta jagavad selgitusi Eesti uuema aja matusekombestiku talletaja ja matusebüroo omanik Maire Sala, Tallinna Jaani koguduse õpetaja ja Tallinna praost Jaan Tammsalu ning surmaga seotud pärimuste uurija ja tõlgendaja folklorist Marju Kõivupuu

  14. Salme vallateater toob välja muusikalise näitemängu ja suvelavastuse / Ene Kallas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kallas, Ene

    2009-01-01

    Salme vallateatril on kavas välja tuua Jara Beneži "Haljal aasal" ainetel Maire Sillavee lavastuses samanimeline muusikaline komöödia ja August Mälgu romaani "Läänemere isandad" ainetel samanimeline suvelavastus, dramatiseerija Sulev Raudsepp, lavastaja Väino Uibo

  15. Eesti esimesed naisskulptorid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    15. aprillist Adamson-Ericu muuseumis Juta Kivimäe koostatud näitus "Eesti esimesi naisskulptoreid". Näeb režissöör Rein Raamatu portreefilmi "Maire Männik, 54 Rue du Montparnasse" (2000). 12. V teabepäeval esinevad J. Kivimäe, Isabel Aaso, Mari-Liis Tammi, Reet Varblane, Rein Raamat

  16. Mida naised tegelikult tahavad?

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Küsimustele õnnest ja eluväärtustest vastavad Euroopa Parlamendi saadik Katrin Saks, Riigikogu asespiiker Kristiina Ojuland, ajakirjanikud Maire Aunaste ja Merle Liivak, sportlased Irina Embrich ja Meelika Limberg jt. Vt. ka art. "Maaema Kati Murutar" ja "Maaema Kauksi Ülle", lk. A43 : portr.

  17. Ectomycorrhizal Fungi of Conifers and Their Economic Value From Xinjiang China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Jun-yan; Ayinuer

    2004-01-01

    91 noteworthy ectomycorrhizal fungi associated with Larix sibirica Ledeb. etc. from Xing jiang are discussed. Hydnellum caeruleum(Horn. :Pers. )Karst. ,H. peckii Banker apud Peck,Cortinarius azureovelatus Orton,C. pinicola Orton, C. rickenianus Maire are new record to China. Among which 66 species are edible, 14 species are poisonous, 13 species are pharmaceutical, 22 species are probably anticancer.

  18. "Oskara" davali za filmõ o mratshnoi dushe / Tiit Tuumalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuumalu, Tiit, 1971-

    2008-01-01

    80. Oscarite galast. Joel ja Ethan Coeni mängufilm "Ei ole maad vanadele meestele" ("No Country for Old Men") võitis neli auhinda (parim film, režii, stsenaarium, meeskõrvalosa). Lisatud arvamused Timo Dienerilt, Tristan Priimägilt, Maire Aunastelt ja võitjate nimekiri

  19. Baltika Moetänav = Baltika Fashion Street

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2010-01-01

    Tallinnas Veerenni 24 asuvast Baltika Moetänava sisearhitektuursest lahendusest. Autorid: Maire Milder, Ott Kangur, Ülo-Tarmo Stöör, Maris Kerge, Kaur-Lembit Stöör, Pärtel Eelma, Pekka Porkanen, Lauri Eltermaa

  20. Absurd on igihaljas / Vaapo Vaher

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vaher, Vaapo, 1945-

    2006-01-01

    Tutvustus: Camus, Albert. Õnnelik surm / tõlkinud Tanel Lepsoo. Tallinn : Varrak, 2005 ; Metsanurk, Mait. Kreeps / koost. Maire Liivamets. Tallinn : Eesti Raamat, 2005. (Eesti novellivara). Järg: 23. veebr., lk. 27, sisaldab Aivar Kulli kriitikakogu "Kulli pilk" (Ilmamaa, 2005) tutvustust

  1. Baltika Moetänav = Baltika Fashion Street

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2010-01-01

    Tallinnas Veerenni 24 asuvast Baltika Moetänava sisearhitektuursest lahendusest. Autorid: Maire Milder, Ott Kangur, Ülo-Tarmo Stöör, Maris Kerge, Kaur-Lembit Stöör, Pärtel Eelma, Pekka Porkanen, Lauri Eltermaa

  2. Beyond Mastery: Postmodern College Composition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Juncker, Clara

    1990-01-01

    Describes a modestly postmodern experiment (in an Advanced Composition course) with feminine linguistic spaces (Woolf, Welty, and Mairs) crisscrossing academic borders and existing simultaneously within and without traditional institutional modes. Uses Luce Irigaray's essay "Is the Subject of Science Sexed?" to comment on this undertaking. (SR)

  3. Devising an indicator to detect mid-term abortions in dairy cattle: a first step towards syndromic surveillance of abortive diseases.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne Bronner

    Full Text Available Bovine abortion surveillance is essential for human and animal health because it plays an important role in the early warning of several diseases. Due to the limited sensitivity of traditional surveillance systems, there is a growing interest for the development of syndromic surveillance. Our objective was to assess whether, routinely collected, artificial insemination (AI data could be used, as part of a syndromic surveillance system, to devise an indicator of mid-term abortions in dairy cattle herds in France. A mid-term abortion incidence rate (MAIR was computed as the ratio of the number of mid-term abortions to the number of female-weeks at risk. A mid-term abortion was defined as a return-to-service (i.e., a new AI taking place 90 to 180 days after the previous AI. Weekly variations in the MAIR in heifers and parous cows were modeled with a time-dependent Poisson model at the département level (French administrative division during the period of 2004 to 2010. The usefulness of monitoring this indicator to detect a disease-related increase in mid-term abortions was evaluated using data from the 2007-2008 episode of bluetongue serotype 8 (BT8 in France. An increase in the MAIR was identified in heifers and parous cows in 47% (n = 24 and 71% (n = 39 of the departements. On average, the weekly MAIR among heifers increased by 3.8% (min-max: 0.02-57.9% when the mean number of BT8 cases that occurred in the previous 8 to 13 weeks increased by one. The weekly MAIR among parous cows increased by 1.4% (0.01-8.5% when the mean number of BT8 cases occurring in the previous 6 to 12 weeks increased by one. These results underline the potential of the MAIR to identify an increase in mid-term abortions and suggest that it is a good candidate for the implementation of a syndromic surveillance system for bovine abortions.

  4. Üliõpilaste teadustööde konkurss / Anu Taprimäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Taprimäe, Anu

    2000-01-01

    Tallinna Pedagoogikaülikooli üliõpilaste teadustööde konkursil said preemiad humanitaarteaduste komisjonilt: peapreemia Priit Ratassepp bakalaureusetöö "A.H.Tammsaare "Põrgupõhja uus Vanapagan" narratiivi teksti ja seda moodustavate kõnetegude analüüs" eest. Preemiad said veel Sergei Dotsenko, Mait Laas, Tiiu Männiste, Heidi Meier, Risto Paju, Margit Peenoja, Dimitri Mironov, Janek Innos, Kairi Reiter ja Maria Erss. Tallinna Pedagoogikaülikooli üliõpilaste teadustööde konkursil said preemiad geo- ja bioteaduste komisjonilt: Helen Orav, Reimo Rivis, Kaire Torn, Egle Hollman, Krister Põllupüü, Allan Lorents, Merle Kerde, Hele Kiimann, Hannes Tõnisson, Roland Müür; täppisteaduste komisjonilt: Astrid Haljas, Tambet Lember, Tiina Sard, Svetlana Malahhova, Moonika Veimer, Marge Lõuke, Margo Engel, Kadri Kalm, Kersti Truu; sotsiaalteaduste komisjonilt: Endel Põder, Erik Juzykain, Ly Kästik, Kadri Kütt, Kristiina Uriko, Teele Kaldoja, Marika Asberg, Riina Raun, Birgit Villa, Larissa Kus, Kristi Klaasmägi; kasvatusteaduste komisjonilt: Aina Haljaste, Triin Jaanisk, Reelika Rannala, Ermo Soobik, Moonika Nerman, Liina Tamm, Aet Soosaar, Kadri Ummus; sporditeaduste komisjonilt: Rain Rosin, Kristin Randver, Indrek Rannama

  5. May 1939 „Electoral Campaign”: Mechanisms, Procedures and Electoral Behaviour

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florin Grecu

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The elections from 1st – 2nd of June 1939, during the authoritarian monarchy, 1938-1940, emphasised habits, methods and electoral mechanisms specific to any authoritarian regimes. The Maire was the one organising the elections, mainly because he was also making the electoral lists and in charge with the train transportation of the citizens to the voting precinct; trough the telephone network, the results of the elections were communicated to the Interior Ministry, who was to be informed at any moment about the data given by the Maire and also the voting and occasional incidents occurring during the elections. The need of control above the citizen’s vote represented the main mission of the local authorities during the day of the voting, precisely by the repression organs, The Police and the Constabulary.

  6. Depletion of cortical norepinephrine in rats by 6-hydroxydopamine does not impair performance of a delayed-nonmatching-to-sample task.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koger, S M; Mair, R G

    1992-08-01

    Rats were trained on a spatial delayed-nonmatching-to-sample (DNMTS) task, matched for performance, and randomly assigned to treatment with dorsal noradrenergic bundle injections of either 6-hydroxydopamine, to deplete cortical norepinephrine (NE), or vehicle, to control for the effects of surgery. After recovery, there were no significant differences between the groups when retrained on the DNMTS task at retention intervals (RI) from 0.1 to 15.0 s. Furthermore, no differences were observed when rats were trained at a 6.0-s RI filled with distracting stimuli or when dummy information runs were added to increase proactive interference. These results demonstrate that depletion of cortical NE cannot account for the DNMTS performance deficits observed in rats recovered from pyrithiamine-induced thiamine deficiency (Knoth & Mair, 1991; Robinson & Mair, 1992).

  7. CineClub

    CERN Multimedia

    CineClub

    2014-01-01

      In partnership with FIFOG, le Festival International du Film Oriental de Genève   Wednesday 16 April 2014 at 20:00 CERN Council Chamber Où est l’amour dans la palmeraie?        Directed by Jérome le Maire (Belgium, 2006) 87 minutes   Jérôme Le Maire quitte la Belgique avec sa famille et s’installe dans une palmeraie au Maroc. Dans cet univers traditionnel musulman, il tente de comprendre comment s’exprime l’amour et ce qu’il veut dire pour des villageois imperméables aux conceptions des Européens «libérés». Original version French/Arabic; English subtitles     Thursday 24 April 2014 at 20:00 CERN Council Chamber   4 Months, 3 Weeks and 2 Days   Directed by Cristian Mungiu (Romania, 2007) 113 minutes   Romania...

  8. Baltika kvartal = Baltika Quarter / Maris Kerge, Kadri Kerge

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kerge, Maris

    2010-01-01

    Rekonstrueeritud Baltika tööstushoonest: Moetänavast ja AS Baltika büroodest. Projekteerija, sisearhitektuur büroode osas: Studio 3 (4 arhitekti), büroo Kolm Pluss Üks (9 arhitekti). Sisearhitektuur Moetänava osas: Pekka Porkanen, Maris Kerge, Ott Kangur, Maire Milder, Lembit-Kaur Stöör, Ülo-Tarmo Stöör, Lauri Eltermaa, Pärtel Eelma. Projekt: 2007-2009, valmis: 2009

  9. Aquaculture Asia, vol. 8, no. 3, pp.1-58, July - September 2003

    OpenAIRE

    2003-01-01

    CONTENTS: Ornamental Fish Farming – Successful Small Scale Aqua business in India, by Abalika Ghosh, B. K. Mahapatra and N.C. Datta. Tilapia: A species for Indian Aquaculture? by Graham Mair. Peri-urban food production in Southeast Asia, by Peter Edwards. Shrimp Farming Practices and its Socio- Economic Consequences in East Godavari District, Andhra Pradesh, India - A Case Study, by M.Kumaran, P.Ravichandran, B.P.Gupta and A.Nagavel. Breeding technique ...

  10. Key success factors of replicated social businesses

    OpenAIRE

    Martins, André Filipe Reis

    2013-01-01

    A Work Project, presented as part of the requirements for the Award of a Masters Degree in Management from the NOVA – School of Business and Economics Nowadays, social business ventures are still a relatively unknown kind of organization in our society and does not exist a lot of research about them (Lampking, 2009). By combining a social purpose with a for-profit mindset, these initiatives become an effective way to respond to previously unsatisfied social needs (Seelos and Mair, 2005) wh...

  11. 中国社会保障体系的生命周期

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王诚

    2004-01-01

    This paper develops life-cycle models for the mair. social security systems: the state-secured system, the welfare state system, the compulsory savings system and the social insurance system. All four life cycles are similarly composed of birth, growing, peak, decline and death stages. China is in the growth stage of the social insurance model and is expected to enter the peak in 30 years or so, by a series of proposed efforts in economic reform and policies.

  12. The Deer Creek Site, Oklahoma: A Wichita Village Sometimes Called Ferdinandina: An Ethnohistorian’s View. Series in Anthropology Number 5

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-01-01

    evidently learned in a juxtaposition similar to that of Paniodiasa and from those Caddo (AGN, Historia 299:199) of the tnlabelled circle on Le Maire’s...de La Harpe-Gavcngeau, 1720. Courtesy Bibliothique Nationale, Cartes et Plans: GeD 14744. 11130 connection, he, with perhaps others of his parto ...Cartes et Archivo General de la Nacidn, Mexico City: AGN, PI Provincias Internas AGN, Hist. Historia BA Bexar Archives, University of Texas Archives

  13. West Europe Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    had reached a contract agreement with 800,000 public employees. In the background stood a grinning Martin Romer , chairman of the Joint Council of...the expense of Paul Lohmann or Soren Norgaard Sorensen. If the Radical Liberals maintain their present level of strength the most certain...Edmond Maire, Andre Bergeron, Paul Marchelli, Jacques Pommatau and Jean Bonnard has been examined in a still confidential study done by Gerard Adam

  14. Baltika kvartal = Baltika Quarter / Maris Kerge, Kadri Kerge

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kerge, Maris

    2010-01-01

    Rekonstrueeritud Baltika tööstushoonest: Moetänavast ja AS Baltika büroodest. Projekteerija, sisearhitektuur büroode osas: Studio 3 (4 arhitekti), büroo Kolm Pluss Üks (9 arhitekti). Sisearhitektuur Moetänava osas: Pekka Porkanen, Maris Kerge, Ott Kangur, Maire Milder, Lembit-Kaur Stöör, Ülo-Tarmo Stöör, Lauri Eltermaa, Pärtel Eelma. Projekt: 2007-2009, valmis: 2009

  15. Tierra del Fuego, Argentina, South America

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-01-01

    The Mitre Peninsula is the easternmost tip of Tierra del Fuego, Argentina, (54.5S, 65.5W). Early winter snow can be seen on this south tip of the Andes Mountains. These same mountains continue underwater to Antarctica. The Strait of Magellan, separating the South American mainland from Tierra del Fuego is off the scene to the north and west, but the Strait of LeMaire, separating Tierra del Fuego from the Isla de los Estados can be seen.

  16. Kellele kirjanik kirjutab? / Vaapo Vaher

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vaher, Vaapo, 1945-

    2007-01-01

    Arvustus: Tungal, Leelo. Täisminevik : luuletusi 1963-2007. Tallinn : Tänapäev, 2007 ; Roht, Richard. Öö / koost. Maire Liivamets. Tallinn : Eesti Raamat, 2007. (Eesti novellivara) ; Säärits, Ello. Anna Haava : elu ja loomingu lugu. Tartu : Ilmamaa, 2007. (Eesti kirjanikke) ; Põld, Peeter. Lastest tuntakse meid. Tartu : Ilmamaa, 2006. (Eesti mõttelugu ; 72) ; Hiiemäe, Mall. Sõnajalg jaaniööl. Tartu : Ilmamaa, 2006. (Eesti mõttelugu ; 73)

  17. Beyond Radical Right: Attitudes towards immigration and voting behaviour in Europe

    OpenAIRE

    Pardos-Prado, Sergi

    2010-01-01

    Defense date: 27/09/2010 Examining Board: Mark Franklin (EUI) (Supervisor), Peter Mair (EUI), José Ramón Montero (University of Madrid), Stephen Fisher (Trinity College, Oxford) Received the Special Mention of the Juan J. Linz prize for 2009-2010 by the Political and Constitutional Studies Centre in Spain. The issue of immigration has thus far been conceptualised almost exclusively as a catalyst for radical forms of behaviour. Scholars of political behaviour have focu...

  18. 1er mars 2017 - Signature du livre d'or, visite du tunnel du LHC au Point 5 et de la caverne expériementale de CMS par le Secrétaire d’Etat français aux Affaires européennes auprès du ministre des Affaires étrangères et du Développement international H. Désir.

    CERN Multimedia

    Bennett, Sophia Elizabeth

    2017-01-01

    Entourent le Secrétaire d'Etat pendant la signature du livre d'or: Le Préfet de l’Ain A. Cochet; le Directeur des accélérateurs et de la technologie F. Bordry; Ambassadeur, Représentant permanent de la France auprès de l’Office des Nations Unies à Genève et des Organisations internationales en Suisse E. Laurin; la Directrice générale du CERN F. Gianotti et la Directrice des relations internationales C. Warakaulle. Sont également présents: H. Bertrand, Maire de Saint-Genis-Pouilly; C. Bouvier, Maire de Cessy; G. Rousseau, Secrétaire Général de la sous-préfecture de Gex; Y. Mecibah, Directrice de Cabinet du Maire de Saint-Genis-Pouilly; F. Croquette, Ambassadeur pour les droits de l’homme, chargé de la dimension internationale de la Shoah, des spoliations et du devoir de mémoire; S. Bonbayl, Conseillère technique, Cabinet du Secrétaire d’Etat chargé des Affaires Européennes au MAEDI; F. Cormon-Veyssière, Sous-Directrice des droits de l’Homme et des Affaires humanitaires au MAEDI...

  19. Hydroclimate of the Last Glacial Maximum and deglaciation in southern Australia's arid margin interpreted from speleothem records (23–15 ka

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. C. Treble

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Terrestrial data spanning the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM and deglaciation from the southern Australian region are sparse and limited to discontinuous sedimentological and geomorphological records with relatively large chronological uncertainties. This dearth of records has hindered a critical assessment of the role of the Southern Hemisphere mid-latitude westerly winds on the region's climate during this time period. In this study, two precisely dated speleothem records for Mairs Cave, Flinders Ranges, are presented, providing for the first time a detailed terrestrial hydroclimatic record for the southern Australian drylands during 23–15 ka. Recharge to Mairs Cave is interpreted from the speleothem record by the activation of growth, physical flood layering, and δ18O and δ13C minima. Periods of lowered recharge are indicated by 18O and 13C enrichment, primarily affecting δ18O, argued to be driven by evaporation of shallow soil/epikarst water in this water-limited environment. A hydrological driver is supported by calcite fabric changes. These include the presence of laminae, visible organic colloids, and occasional dissolution features, related to recharge, as well as the presence of sediment bands representing cave floor flooding. A shift to slower-growing, more compact calcite and an absence of lamination is interpreted to represent reduced recharge. The Mairs Cave record indicates that the Flinders Ranges were relatively wet during the LGM and early deglaciation, particularly over the interval 18.9–15.8 ka. This wetter phase ended abruptly with a shift to drier conditions at 15.8 ka. These findings are in agreement with the geomorphic archives for this region, as well as the timing of events in records from the broader Australasian region. The recharge phases identified in the Mairs Cave record are correlated with, but antiphase to, the position of the westerly winds interpreted from marine core MD03-2611, located 550 km south

  20. Growth of hatchery raised banana shrimp Penaeus merguiensis (de Man) (Crustacea: Decapoda) juveniles under different salinity

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Saldanha, C.M.; Achuthankutty, C.T.

    relationships of estuaries to the fisheries of the Gulf of Mexico, in Estuaries, edited by Lauff G H (Amer Ass Adv Sci Publ, Washington D C) 1967, pp. 621-638. 3 Mair J McD, Salinity and water-type preference of four species of postlarval shrimp (Penaeus) from... west Mexico, J Exp Mar Biol Ecol, 45(1980)69-82. 4 Achuthankutty C T & Parulekar A H, Biology of commercially important penaeid prawns of Goa waters, Indian J Mar Sci, 15 (1986)171-173. 5 Achuthankutty C T & Parulekar A H, Distribution of penaeid...

  1. Main: 1BE2 [RPSD[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available me=Ltp1; Synonyms=Papi; Hordeum Vulgare Molecule: Lipid Transfer Protein; Chain: Null; Synonym: Ltp Lipid Tr...ansport M.H.Lerche, F.M.Poulsen M.H.Lerche, F.M.Poulsen Two Different Binding Modes Of Palmitate In The Homologous Mai...R; T05947; T05947.|PDB; 1BE2; NMR; @=27-117.|PDB; 1JTB; NMR; @=27-117.|PDB; 1LIP; NMR; @=27-117.|InterPro; IPR003612; AAI....|InterPro; IPR000528; Plant_LTP.|Pfam; PF00234; Tryp_alpha_amyl; 1.|PRINTS; PR00382; LIPIDTRNSFER.|SMART; SM00499; AAI

  2. National campaign - 100 collectivities connected to the green electric power; Campagne nationale - 100 collectivites se branchent a l'electricite verte

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-07-01

    Since july 2004, the local collectivities, the little and medium enterprises and the craft workers can choose their electric power supplier. This offer can be a chance for the renewable energy. The association ''eco maires'' with the help of the WWF began a campaign to obtain the involvement of 100 collectivities interested by the green electric power. The project is presented. The authors presents also the new European Network on the green electric power, Eugene (European Green Electricity Network), which aims to harmonize criteria on the green electric power and to deliver certificates of quality. (A.L.B.)

  3. Zonage, planification foncière et intérêt protégés par le droit : les enseignements de l'analyse du contentieux administratif en France

    OpenAIRE

    Melot, Romain

    2010-01-01

    En France, le processus de décentralisation au début des années 1980 a eu pour effet l'attribution de nouveaux pouvoirs aux élus locaux et par conséquent de nouvelles formes de responsabilité politique et juridique. Devenus autorités administratives de décision en matière d'urbanisme, les maires et conseils municipaux sont de ce fait même devenus également porteurs de projets susceptibles de contestations dans l'arène judiciaire. Le discours tenu sur la place du juge comme acteur des controve...

  4. Abnormal gradient microstructure in Cr3C2 based cemented carbide

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    With OLYMPUS PMG3 metallograph, an abnormal throe-layer gradient structure , i. e. coarsegrain zone, binder enrichment zone and normal structure zone from surface to inner, was observed in Cr3C2based cemented carbide. In the binder enrichment zone, three different shapes of anomalous coarse carbideswere observed. It is shown that the transverse rapture strength can be raised remarkably, up 20.7% from thealloy with abnormal gradient structure by removing the abnormal gradient structure. The results suggested thatthe abnormal gradient structure in the surface, especially the anomalous coarse carbides in the binder enrichment zone is the mair reason for the lower strength.

  5. 基于性状-显微-DNA 条形码联用的巴西牛至属植物药 HORTELA 基原鉴定研究%The variety identification of HORTELA in Brazil based on a combined analysis of macroscopic-mi-croscopic-DNA barcoding

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余春霞; 臧艺玫; 顾选; 吴浩忠; 马长华; 韩丽; 刘春生; 赵百孝

    2015-01-01

    Objective To study the variety identification of HORTELA of Origanum Linn. in Brazil with a combined analysis of macroscopic-microscopic-DNA barcoding. Methods Macroscopic iden-tification was used to identify the authenticity of samples preliminarily; then the results was verified by mi-croscopic identification; finally, ITS sequences were amplified by PCR and sequenced, and BLAST in NCBI ( basic local alignment search tool) database was used to calculate the similarity of sequences to identify variety of samples. Results The combined analysis of macroscopic-microscopic-DNA barcoding indicated that Hortela collected from market in Brazil is the dried overground part of Origanum elongatum (Bonnet) Emb. & Maire. Conclusion HORTELA may be a multi-source herb ,which originates from the dried overground part of Origanum elongatum(Bonnet) Emb. & Maire and Mentha rotundifolia (Linn. ) Huds.%目的:利用性状—显微—DNA 条形码联用的方法对巴西牛至属植物药 HORTELA 进行基原鉴定研究。方法应用性状鉴定的方法初步对药材进行真伪鉴别;再应用显微鉴定的方法验证性状鉴定结果;最后提取样品 DNA,扩增 ITS 序列,利用 NCBI 数据库中的 BLAST 功能分析相似度,对样品品种进行 DNA 条形码鉴定。结果性状—显微—DNA 条形码综合分析结果表明,该样品为牛至属植物 Origanum elongatum(Bonnet) Emb.& Maire.的干燥地上部分。结论 HORTELA 可能为多基原植物类药材,其来源为牛至属 Origanum elongatum (Bonnet) Emb.& Maire.和薄荷属Mentha rotundifolia (Linn.) Huds.干燥地上部分。

  6. Partidos y sistemas de partidos en México ¿cártel en una nueva democracia?

    OpenAIRE

    Leonhardt Álvarez, Carlos

    2016-01-01

    Este trabajo examina a los partidos políticos PRI, PAN y PRD, en un periodo de 1997 a 2010 y sistemas de partidos mexicanos federal y de cuatro entidades subnacionales a partir del modelo de partido cártel de Katz y Mair (1995). Para ello, se propone un concepto de partido cártel y se le operacionaliza en tres dimensiones, siguiendo el trabajo de Detterbeck (2005).La primera de las dimensiones es el rol político de los partidos, que atiende a qué tan similares o distintos son los tres grandes...

  7. Theme and variations: The development of differences in Polynesian socio-political organizations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martin A. van Bakel

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the development of differences in the socio-political organization on the various Polynesian islands. Such differences were observed by early European visitors. Most of their descriptions date from the last quarter of the eighteenth century, but a few sources date back to the early seventeenth century, including the journals of the Dutch voyagers Schouten and Le Maire, Tasman, and somewhat later Roggeveen. The voyagers’ logs and journals often contain lengthy and detailed descriptions of the Polynesian peoples and cultures they encountered. And, though they often did not understand what they observed, they carefully described what they saw — or what they thought they saw.

  8. Partidos y sistemas de partidos en México ¿cártel en una nueva democracia?

    OpenAIRE

    Leonhardt Álvarez, Carlos

    2016-01-01

    Este trabajo examina a los partidos políticos PRI, PAN y PRD, en un periodo de 1997 a 2010 y sistemas de partidos mexicanos federal y de cuatro entidades subnacionales a partir del modelo de partido cártel de Katz y Mair (1995). Para ello, se propone un concepto de partido cártel y se le operacionaliza en tres dimensiones, siguiendo el trabajo de Detterbeck (2005).La primera de las dimensiones es el rol político de los partidos, que atiende a qué tan similares o distintos son los tres grandes...

  9. An asymptotic preserving scheme for P1 model using classical diffusion schemes on unstructured polygonal meshes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Navaro Pierre

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available A new scheme for discretizing the P1 model on unstructured polygonal meshes is proposed. This scheme is designed such that its limit in the diffusion regime is the MPFA-O scheme which is proved to be a consistent variant of the Breil-Maire diffusion scheme. Numerical tests compare this scheme with a derived GLACE scheme for the P1 system. Un nouveau schéma de discrétisation du modèle P1 sur maillage non structuré composé de polygones est proposé. Ce schéma est construit pour que sa limite en régime diffusion soit le schéma MPFA-O qu’on démontre être une variante consistante du schéma de diffusion de Breil-Maire. Ce schéma est comparé sur des cas tests avec un schéma dérivé du schéma GLACE pour le modèle P1.

  10. A cell-centered lagrangian scheme in two-dimensional cylindrical geometry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    A new Lagrangian cell-centered scheme for two-dimensional compressible flows in planar geometry is proposed by Maire et al.The main new feature of the algorithm is that the vertex velocities and the numerical fluxes through the cell interfaces are all evaluated in a coherent manner contrary to standard approaches.In this paper the method introduced by Maire et al.is extended for the equations of Lagrangian gas dynamics in cylindrical symmetry.Two different schemes are proposed,whose difference is that one uses volume weighting and the other area weighting in the discretization of the momentum equation.In the both schemes the conservation of total energy is ensured,and the nodal solver is adopted which has the same formulation as that in Cartesian coordinates.The volume weighting scheme preserves the momentum conservation and the area-weighting scheme preserves spherical symmetry.The numerical examples demonstrate our theoretical considerations and the robustness of the new method.

  11. Õppematerjalide koostajad said autoristipendiumid : [Euroopa Liidu PHARE eesti keele õppe programm toetab aastal 2000 eesti keele kui võõrkeele õppematerjalide väljaandmist üldhariduskoolidele] / EL PHARE eesti keele õppe programm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2000-01-01

    Stipendiumid metoodikavihikute kirjutamiseks on saanud : Hiie Asser, Maire Kübarsepp "Võõrkeeletunni planeerimine ja ülesehitus", Elle Sõrmus, Leelo Kingisepp "Ülevaade võõrkeeleõppe meetoditest", Piret Kärtner "Lugemisoskuse arendamine", "Kirjutamisoskuse arendamine", "Kuulamisoskuse arendamine", "Kõnelemisoskuse arendamine", Kristi Saarso "Sõnavara õpetamine", Ingrid Krall, Elle Sõrmus "Eesti keele grammatika õpetamise võimalusi", Diana Maisla "Vigade parandamine", Tiina Kikerpill, Leelo Kingisepp "Keelekeskkond võõrkeeleõppe toetajana", Ene Peterson "Video võõrkeeletunnis". Stipendiumid käsiraamatute väljaandmiseks said : Hille Pajupuu "Kuidas kohaneda võõras kultuuris", Krista Kerge "Eesti keele praktiline süntaks", Einar Kraut "Hääldus - uks teise keelde". PHARE programmi toetusel ilmuvad materjalid muukeelsete üldhariduskoolide õpetajatele : Aino Siirak "Suured seinatabelid eesti keele grammatika õpetamiseks", Hiie Asser, Maire Küppar, Anne Kaskman "Lüümikute komplekt esimesele kooliastmele", Meeme Liivak, Elve Voltein "Laulumängude kogumik". Täiskasvanute keeleõpet toetab PHARE programm õpikuga : Antidea Metsa, Anne Jänese "Sulle, õpetaja!". PHARE toetusel töötatakse välja ka edasijõudnutele mõeldud eesti keele õppekomplekt, mille autor on Mare Kitsing

  12. Õppematerjalide koostajad said autoristipendiumid : [Euroopa Liidu PHARE eesti keele õppe programm toetab aastal 2000 eesti keele kui võõrkeele õppematerjalide väljaandmist üldhariduskoolidele] / EL PHARE eesti keele õppe programm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2000-01-01

    Stipendiumid metoodikavihikute kirjutamiseks on saanud : Hiie Asser, Maire Kübarsepp "Võõrkeeletunni planeerimine ja ülesehitus", Elle Sõrmus, Leelo Kingisepp "Ülevaade võõrkeeleõppe meetoditest", Piret Kärtner "Lugemisoskuse arendamine", "Kirjutamisoskuse arendamine", "Kuulamisoskuse arendamine", "Kõnelemisoskuse arendamine", Kristi Saarso "Sõnavara õpetamine", Ingrid Krall, Elle Sõrmus "Eesti keele grammatika õpetamise võimalusi", Diana Maisla "Vigade parandamine", Tiina Kikerpill, Leelo Kingisepp "Keelekeskkond võõrkeeleõppe toetajana", Ene Peterson "Video võõrkeeletunnis". Stipendiumid käsiraamatute väljaandmiseks said : Hille Pajupuu "Kuidas kohaneda võõras kultuuris", Krista Kerge "Eesti keele praktiline süntaks", Einar Kraut "Hääldus - uks teise keelde". PHARE programmi toetusel ilmuvad materjalid muukeelsete üldhariduskoolide õpetajatele : Aino Siirak "Suured seinatabelid eesti keele grammatika õpetamiseks", Hiie Asser, Maire Küppar, Anne Kaskman "Lüümikute komplekt esimesele kooliastmele", Meeme Liivak, Elve Voltein "Laulumängude kogumik". Täiskasvanute keeleõpet toetab PHARE programm õpikuga : Antidea Metsa, Anne Jänese "Sulle, õpetaja!". PHARE toetusel töötatakse välja ka edasijõudnutele mõeldud eesti keele õppekomplekt, mille autor on Mare Kitsing

  13. 30 July 2012 - Prime Minister of France, Mr. Jean-Marc Ayrault, visits CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximillien Brice

    2012-01-01

    Ligne d'accueil: Directeur général, R. Heuer présente: Directeur S. Myers, Chef des Relations internationales F. Pauss et Chefs de Département P. Bloch et A.-S. Catherin ; Représentants du CEA et du CNRS des 4 experiences LHC : J.-L. Faure, L. Fayard, C. Guyot, M.-H. Schune, Y. Schutz, Y. Sirois, Protocole CERN S. Molinari. Les autorités locales saluent le Premier ministre: M. Christophe Bouvier, maire de Cessy, M. Rachel Mazuir, sénateur de l'Ain, président du CG01, M. Etienne Blanc, député de l'Ain, maire de Divonne les Bains, et Mme Yvette Brachet, conseillère régionale représentant M. Jean-Jack Queyranne, président du CR Rhône Alpes. CERN-GE-1207163 32: dans le tunnel du LHC au Point 5: R. Garoby, Chef adjoint du département Faisceaux P. Lebrunm, Attaché à la Direction P. Bloch, Chef du département Physique J. Bertrand, (représente Alain Fuchs),CNRS Y. Sirois, Collaboration CMS, Responsable pour la France, Directeur de Recherche au CNRS, LLR Ecole Polytechnique J.-Y. Le Deaut, Dépu...

  14. Krievijas-Gruzijas kara naratīvu analīze YouTube ievietotajās ziņās (2008)

    OpenAIRE

    Sundukova, Elīna

    2009-01-01

    Bakalaura darba „ Krievijas – Gruzijas kara naratīvu analīze YouTube ievietotajās ziņās (2008) ” mērķis ir izpētīt un salīdzināt dažādu televīziju naratīvus. Pētnieciskie jautājumi: kuru televīziju naratīvi parādās YouTube un to atšķirības. Darba teorētiskais pamatojums: naratīvu teorijas; analītiski raksti un pētījumi par Krievijas – Gruzijas karu; YouTube apraksts. Pētniecības lauks ir 100 ziņu video, kas ievietoti YouTube 2008.gadā. Pētījuma metodoloģija: naratīva analīze (fabulas elementi...

  15. Federal and Provincial Responsibilities to Implement Physician-Assisted Suicide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baker, David; Sharpe, Gilbert; Lauks, Rebeka

    2016-02-01

    In the most significant constitutional decision of the last generation, Carter v. Canada, the Supreme Court of Canada reversed itself and decided that it was possible for Parliament to enact safeguards that would be adequate to protect persons who are vulnerable in times of weakness, then proceeded to declare that Canadians were entitled to a s. 7 Charter right to physician-assisted death. David Baker and Gilbert Sharpe accepted the challenge issued by the Court and drafted a Bill to amend the Criminal Code in a manner they believed would strike a constitutional balance between providing access to the right declared by the Court and protecting the vulnerable. This article represents their attempt, along with co-author Rebeka Lauks, to explain many of the key provisions in their draft. Amongst the most noteworthy are their attempts to ensure that those choosing PAD are informed about quality of life, as well as treatment choices; to define vulnerability and to install safeguards adequate to protect persons while vulnerable; and finally a prior review process that would ensure both ready access to the Charter right declared by the Court and consistent and transparent application of the law. The authors have attempted to establish an alternative model to that currently in effect in the Benelux countries, which they regard as having been ineffective in achieving any of these objectives.

  16. Energy and sustainable development in Latin America; Energie und nachhaltige Entwicklung in Lateinamerika

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Suding, P.H. [Deutsche Gesellschaft fuer Technische Zusammenarbeit, Quito (Ecuador). Projekt OLADE/CEPAL/GTZ `Energie und Nachhaltige Entwicklung in Lateinamerika und der Karibik`

    1997-04-01

    In contrast to South East Asia, whose capital is mostly `human capital`, Latin America and the Caribbean have large natural resources. Some of these countries have lived off their substance without investing in their future, i.e. in human capital and in non-human capital suited for long-term use. The OLADE/CEPAL/GTZ project `Energy and Development in Latin America and the Caribbean` has been running since 1993 with support by the Deutsche Gesellschaft fuer Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ). Its results suggest that developments in power supply in this region should be viewed with some misgivings. The euphoria over investments should not blind potential investors to the structural problems of these countries which may turn out to be adverse to sustainable development. (orig.) [Deutsch] Im Gegensatz zu den Laendern Suedostasiens, deren Kapital ueberwiegend aus `Humankapital` besteht, stuetzt sich der Reichtum Lateinamerikas und der Karibik (LAuK) in starkem Umfang auf natuerliche Ressourcen. Einige dieser ressourcenbasierten Laender haben bisher vor ihrer Substanz gezehrt, ohne ausreichend in ihre Zukunft, d.h. in menschliches und langfristig nutzbares Sachkapital, zu investieren. Die Ergebnisse des seit 1993 mit Unterstuetzung der Deutschen Gesellschaft fuer Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) durchgefuehrten Projekts OLADE/CEPAL/GTZ `Energie und Entwicklung in Lateinamerika und der Karibik` legen eine vorsichtige Beurteilung der energiewirtschaftlichen Entwicklung nahe. Bei aller Investitionseuphorie sollten strukturelle Schwaechen, die die Nachhaltigkeit der Entwicklungsstrategien in Frage stellen, nicht uebersehen werden. (orig.)

  17. Brottfall úr námskeiði í stærðfræðigreiningu metið með lifunargreiningu

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    Markmið þessarar rannsóknar var að leggja mat á umfang brottfalls frá inngangsnámskeiði í hagnýtri stærðfræðigreiningu (Calculus IC) við Háskóla Íslands, tímasetningu brottfalls og hvaða þættir spá fyrir hvort nemandi hætti námi eða ekki. Gögnin sem notast var við koma frá Nemendaskrá Háskóla Íslands, kennurum námskeiðsins og stöðuprófi lagt fyrir nemendur við upphaf misseris. Gögnin innihalda alla þá 484 nemendur sem skráðu sig í Calculus IC haustið 2012. Aðeins helmingur nemendanna lauk áfa...

  18. Savoir lire les centres historiques comme clé pour construire la ville de demain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexis Sierra

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Yves Dauge est sénateur d’Indre et Loire (membre de la commission de la culture, de l'éducation et de la communication, membre du groupe d'études sur le patrimoine architectural. Inspecteur général de l’équipement, ancien maire de Chinon, il a été délégué interministériel à la ville et au développement social urbain de 1988 à 1991. Il a conduit la délégation française au Vème Forum Urbain Mondial à Rio. Il anime avec les services du Ministère des Affaires Etrangères et Européennes, le nouvea...

  19. Comparison of throughfall and soil solution chemistry between a high-density Corsican pine stand and a naturally regenerated silver birch stand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Schrijver, A; Nachtergale, L; Staelens, J; Luyssaert, S; De Keersmaeker, L

    2004-09-01

    In Flanders, critical loads for acidification and eutrophication are exceeded in the majority of the forest stands, and many previously nitrogen limited forest ecosystems have become nitrogen saturated. The present study investigates whether a naturally regenerated stand of silver birch (Betula pendula Roth) contributes less to the acidification and eutrophication of the forest soil than a high-density plantation of Corsican pine (Pinus nigra ssp. laricio Maire). Throughfall deposition of inorganic nitrogen was about 3.5 times higher in the Corsican pine stand than in the birch stand. Potassium throughfall deposition was significantly higher under birch due to higher canopy leaching. Magnesium throughfall deposition was significantly higher under the pine canopy due to higher dry deposition. The lower nitrogen throughfall deposition in the birch stand was reflected in a 60% lower nitrate percolation at 1m depth compared with pine. Nitrate soil percolation is linked to losses of aluminium and base cations.

  20. L’assemblée générale de l’AMADES

    OpenAIRE

    2009-01-01

    L’assemblée générale 2000 de l’AMADES a eu lieu à La Baume-les-Aix le 23 mars 2002 à 15h. Étaient présents: C. Alfieri, C. Ammon, J. Benoist, A. Bouzid, M.L. Cadart, E. Carde, P. Cathebras, A. Desclaux, Y. Dubois, M. Egrot, J. Fagot, C. Haxaire, A. Humbert-Gaudart, Y. Jaffré, C. Lallemand, J. Lévy, P. Maire, R. Massé, F. Meyer, J.D. Michel, S. Noël-Bourgois, L. Pordié, L. Pourchez, O. Sturzenegger, B. Taverne. Étaient représentés: L. Baïnilago, A. Bargès, J.P. Benos, S. Blanchy, J.L. Boissin,...

  1. Le poids de l'apparence dans le monde noir. Un héritage africain à l'heure de la globalisation aux États-Unis

    OpenAIRE

    Berloquin-Chassany, Pascale

    2005-01-01

    Mon travail de thèse de doctorat en sociologie s’est orienté plus concrètement lors du premier Festival International de la Mode Africaine, en novembre 1998. Aux portes du désert de l’Aïr au Niger, Alphadi avait invité des confrères originaires de son continent, mais également Kenzo et Isey Miaké et nombre de collections d’Yves Saint-Laurent, de Trussardi et de Christian Lacroix, entre autres. La présence du maire de Washington et autres personnalités des États-Unis me conduisit de l'autre cô...

  2. A new schematic for poly(3-alkylthiophene) in an amorphous film studied using a novel structural index in infrared spectroscopy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shioya, N; Shimoaka, T; Eda, K; Hasegawa, T

    2015-05-28

    The molecular structure of poly(3-alkylthiophene-2,5-diyl) in an amorphous film reveals that the short axis of the thiophene ring is kept highly oriented parallel to the substrate, whereas the long axis along the polymer chain is largely disordered. This is unveiled by infrared p-polarized multiple-angle incidence resolution spectroscopy (pMAIRS), achieved by analyzing the orientation angles of three mutually orthogonal vibrational modes localized on the thiophene ring with the aid of a newly developed structural index. This new analytical technique is useful irrespective of the crystallinity of the thin film. As a result, the intrinsic chemical parameters controlling the molecular orientation are understood in a unified manner, and the reason that the hexyl group gives the best results for a photovoltaic cell is also revealed.

  3. Londres 2012 : les dessous d'une Tour Eiffel sous stéroïdes

    OpenAIRE

    Appert, Manuel

    2012-01-01

    International audience; Commandée par le nouveau maire du Grand Londres et la ministre des sports à l'occasion des Jeux Olympiques de Londres 2012, dessinée par Anish Kapour, lauréat anglais mais d'origine indienne du Turner Prize, conçue par l'ingénieur starisé Cécil Balmond, réalisée par le cabinet international d'ingénierie Arup et financée majoritairement par Lakshmi Mittal, la tour d'observation ArcelorMittal Orbit se dresse à présent dans le skyline de l'est londonien tel un signal conç...

  4. 吉林省担子菌补记(八)%Notes on Basidiomycetes of Jilin Province (Ⅷ)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    图力古尔

    2007-01-01

    报道了6个吉林省新记录担子菌,即辅毛鬼伞[Coprinus radians (Desm.:Fr.)Fr.]、金黄拟蜡伞[Hygrophoropsis aurantiaca (Wulf.:Fr.) Maire]、黄柄小菇[Mycena epipterygia(Scop.:Fr.)S.F.Gray]、黏柄小菇[Mycena rorida(Scop.:Fr.)Quél.]、长齿白齿耳菌[Mycoleptodonoides aitchisonii(Berk.) Mass.]和大刷革[Xylobolus princeps (Jungh.) Boidin].其中,黏柄小菇同时为中国新记录种,其他5种首次在我国东北地区发现,拟蜡伞属和白齿耳菌属为吉林省新记录属.标本保存于吉林农业大学菌物标本馆(HMJAU).

  5. Formulation of the endophytic fungus Cladosporium oxysporum Berk.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bensaci Oussama Ali

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Two formulations containing culture filtrates and conidial suspensions of the endophytic fungus Cladosporium oxysporum Berk. & M.A. Curtis, isolated previously from stems of Euphorbia bupleuroides subsp. luteola (Kralik Maire, were experimentally tested for their aphicid activity against the black bean aphid Aphis fabae Scop. found in Algeria. It was shown that invert emulsions are more effective against aphids, than using aqueous suspensions. This was especially true for formulations containing culture filtrates. The relatively insignificant mortalities obtained by formulations containing conidial suspensions indicated a low infectious potential towards the aphids. The proteolytic activity seemed to be more important than the chitinolytic activity of the fungus against the black bean aphid A. fabae

  6. Efficacy of Submucosal Sodium Tetradecyl Sulfate in the Soft Palate as a Treatment of the Mild Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome: A Pilot Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto Labra

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. As described by Mair et al. in 2001, snoreplasty, the application of sclerosant agents in the palate is a promising and cheap alternative to treat snoring. We decided to try this kind of therapy for the management of mild sleep apnea. Study Design. Experimental, longitudinal, prospective, nonrandomized, self-controlled pilot study. Methods. 11 patients were included, all of them with a polysomnographic study showing an Apnea-Hypopnea Index (AHI from 5 to 20, and with a Müller maneuver showing only retropalatal collapse. Results. We found significant decrease in the number of apneas hypopneas and oxygen desaturation as well as in the snoring index (<0.05, although no differences were found in the number of arousals. Conclusion. Sclerosant agents might become a relevant part in the treatment of sleep apnea, in very well-selected patients.

  7. Surface proton transport of fully protonated poly(aspartic acid) thin films on quartz substrates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nagao, Yuki; Kubo, Takahiro

    2014-12-01

    Thin film structure and the proton transport property of fully protonated poly(aspartic acid) (P-Asp100) have been investigated. An earlier study assessed partially protonated poly(aspartic acid), highly oriented thin film structure and enhancement of the internal proton transport. In this study of P-Asp100, IR p-polarized multiple-angle incidence resolution (P-MAIR) spectra were measured to investigate the thin film structure. The obtained thin films, with thicknesses of 120-670 nm, had no oriented structure. Relative humidity dependence of the resistance, proton conductivity, and normalized resistance were examined to ascertain the proton transport property of P-Asp100 thin films. The obtained data showed that the proton transport of P-Asp100 thin films might occur on the surface, not inside of the thin film. This phenomenon might be related with the proton transport of the biological system.

  8. Physical and mechanical characteristics of poor-quality wood after heat treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Romagnoli M

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Poor-quality Corsican pine (Pinus nigra subsp. laricio (Poir. Maire and Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb. Franco wood samples were heat treated with the aim of testing the improvement of wood quality that could increase their economic value. Wood properties were measured to assess quality in treated and non-treated materials, including density, hardness, anti-swelling efficiency (ASE, modulus of elasticity (MOE, modulus of rupture (MOR, and compression strength. The results showed higher dimensional stability in heat-treated wood, yet mechanical performance in compression and bending strength were only marginally affected by loss of density. Despite having a re­latively low density after heat treatment, Corsican pine sapwood has potential in manufacturing higher-value products. In contrast, heat treatment applied to Douglas fir wood did not appear economically viable; insufficient differences were detected between the naturally desirable characteristics of this species and heat-treated samples.

  9. A near-infrared SETI experiment: instrument overview

    CERN Document Server

    Wright, Shelley A; Treffers, Richard R; Maire, Jerome; Marcy, Geoffrey W; Stone, Remington P S; Drake, Frank; Meyer, Elliot; Dorval, Patrick; Siemion, Andrew

    2014-01-01

    We are designing and constructing a new SETI (Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence) instrument to search for direct evidence of interstellar communications via pulsed laser signals at near-infrared wavelengths. The new instrument design builds upon our past optical SETI experiences, and is the first step toward a new, more versatile and sophisticated generation of very fast optical and near-infrared pulse search devices. We present our instrumental design by giving an overview of the opto-mechanical design, detector selection and characterization, signal processing, and integration procedure. This project makes use of near-infrared (950-1650 nm) discrete amplification Avalanche Photodiodes (APD) that have greater than 1 GHz bandwidths with low noise characteristics and moderate gain (~10^4). We have investigated the use of single versus multiple detectors in our instrument (see Maire et al., this conference), and have optimized the system to have both high sensitivity and low false coincidence rates. Our ...

  10. Hangout With CERN: Hot stuff - the early Universe (S01E06)

    CERN Multimedia

    Kahle, Kate

    2012-01-01

    This Hangout takes us well into the past, as we delve into the very early Universe. The LHC can recreate these early-Universe conditions in the lab by colliding heavy ions together. But why do we collide these different particle species? What is in store for the heavy-ion collisions after the end-of-year break? What is this mysterious quark-gluon plasma? CERN's Quantum Diaries blogger and ATLAS physicist Pauline Gagnon is joined by theorists Urs Wiedemann and Stefan Floerchinger, as well as experts from the LHC's heavy-ion experiment, ALICE: Despina Hatzifotiadou, Antonin Maire, David Dobrigkeit Chinellato, Leticia Cunqueiro Mendez and Kenneth Read. Also connecting are ATLAS physicists Steven Goldfarb and Tiina Wickstroem from the Science Museum in London with content developer Alice Lighton, as well as Fraser Cain, publisher of Universe Today. Recorded live on 6th December 2012.

  11. [6.-9. novembrini 2007 leidis aset üritus "Eesti kirjanikud Eesti raamatukogudes"

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Ürituse "Eesti kirjanikud Eesti raamatukogudes" raames käisid Lääne- ja Ida-Virumaa raamatukogudes Jürgen Rooste, fs, Igor Kotjuh ja Mihkel Kaevats; Viljandi- ja Valgamaal Jan Kaus, Doris Kareva, Maarja Kangro, Indrek Koff ja Maire Liivamets; Hiiu- ja Läänemaal käisid Diana Leesalu, Eia Uus ja Kaarel B. Väljamäe; Põlva- ja Võrumaal olid Karl Martin Sinijärv, Kivisildnik, Indrek Hirv ja Teet Kallas; Tartu- ja Jõgevamaal Tarmo Teder, Hannes Varblane, Kadri Kõusaar ja Toomas Liiv; Raplamaal Berk Vaher, Piret Bristol, Jürgen Kaldmaa ja Heiki Vilep; Järvamaal Berk Vaher, Piret Bristol, Mathura ja Kristiina Ehin

  12. The Social Entrepreneurial Antecedents Scale (SEAS)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hockerts, Kai

    2015-01-01

    to effect social change and perceived availability of social support. Nomological validity is demonstrated by showing that, as specified by Mair and Noboa (2006), empathy and moral obligation are positively Associated with perceived desirability and self-efficacy and social support with perceived...... feasibility of starting a social venture. The Social Entrepreneurial Antecedents Scale (SEAS) provides a basis for future research into the effectiveness of social entrepreneurship education, allowing us to study how different educational interventions impact the four SEAS constructs. Design......Purpose – This paper aims to develop and validate measures of four constructs that have often been identified as antecedents of social entrepreneurial behavior: empathy with marginalized people, a feeling of moral obligation to help these, a high level of self-efficacy concerning the ability...

  13. Les présidents chinois et suisse visitent le CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Press Office. Geneva

    1999-01-01

    Le vendredi 26 mars 1999, Jiang Zemin, Président de la République populaire de Chine, et Ruth Dreifuss, Présidente de la Confédération suisse, ont visité le Laboratoire européen pour la physique des particules, le CERN . Ils ont été accueillis par le Directeur général, Luciano Maiani, sur les lieux de l'expérience L3. En 1985, Jiang Zemin, alors maire de Shanghai, avait contribué à organiser la production de cristaux de BGO à l'Institut de céramique de Shanghai, cristaux qui jouent aujourd'hui un rôle essentiel dans l'expérience L3

  14. Medical factors influencing decision making regarding radiation therapy for breast cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dilaveri CA

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Christina A Dilaveri,1 Nicole P Sandhu,1 Lonzetta Neal,1 Michelle A Neben-Wittich,1,2 Tina J Hieken,3 Maire Brid Mac Bride,1 Dietlind L Wahner-Roedler,1 Karthik Ghosh1 1Division of General Internal Medicine, 2Department of Radiation Oncology, 3Division of Subspecialty General Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA Abstract: Radiation therapy is an important and effective adjuvant therapy for breast cancer. Numerous health conditions may affect medical decisions regarding tolerance of breast radiation therapy. These factors must be considered during the decision-making process after breast-conserving surgery or mastectomy for breast cancer. Here, we review currently available evidence focusing on medical conditions that may affect the patient–provider decision-making process regarding the use of radiation therapy. Keywords: cardiac devices, connective tissue disease, prior radiation

  15. Breast manifestations of systemic diseases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dilaveri CA

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Christina A Dilaveri, Maire Brid Mac Bride, Nicole P Sandhu, Lonzetta Neal, Karthik Ghosh, Dietlind L Wahner-RoedlerDivision of General Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USAAbstract: Although much emphasis has been placed on the primary presentations of breast cancer, little focus has been placed on how systemic illnesses may affect the breast. In this article, we discuss systemic illnesses that can manifest in the breast. We summarize the clinical features, imaging, histopathology, and treatment recommendations for endocrine, vascular, systemic inflammatory, infectious, and hematologic diseases, as well as for the extramammary malignancies that can present in the breast. Despite the rarity of these manifestations of systemic disease, knowledge of these conditions is critical to the appropriate evaluation and treatment of patients presenting with breast symptoms.Keywords: breast, endocrine, hematologic, infectious, vascular

  16. éphémérides ou biographie sommaire de Savinien de Cyrano de Bergerac

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Madeleine Alcover

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Biographie15519 avril : mariage, à Paris, des grands-parents paternels de l’écrivain, Savinien I de Cyrano et Anne Le Maire : celle-ci est la petite-fille d’Étienne Cardon, marchand parisien. À ce jour, l’origine du grand-père paternel n’est pas résolue (sarde ? descendant d’un marchand bourrelier de Sens ?.1555Le couple signe une donation entre vifs qui, en cas de décès, fait du survivant son légataire universel. Quatre enfants leur survivront : Abel, Samuel, Pierre et Anne.1555-1560Savinie...

  17. CARTELIZATION AS EQUILIBRIUM? EVIDENCE FROM ROMANIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SILVIU-DAN MATEESCU

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses the development of the Romanian party system in view of the cartel party thesis proposed by Richard Katz and Peter Mair. The paper is divided into three sections. In the first section I offer a brief review of the cartel party thesis and present a few theoretical arguments regarding the study of cartelization. I argue that Katz and Mair may have overemphasized the importance of cooperation between established parties as necessary for the passing and enactment of cartel related legislation. I hold that the existence of cooperation between established political parties, with or without overt collusion, may be difficult to pinpoint due to the strategic voting that goes on in most legislative bodies. Thus I think it is appropriate to view the passing of the cartel associated legislation as a collective action problem: given high electoral volatility the rules and regulations needed for reducing political uncertainty will be adopted and enacted but not necessarily through cooperation. I suggest that such a perspective can explain every instance when the passing of cartel legislation is dependent on cooperation as well as those instances where no evidence of cooperation can be found. The second section presents some methodological aspects. In the third section I analyze the development of the Romanian party system with emphasis on those electoral rules and regulations that limit open political competition as well as on the system of party finance. I show that electoral rules have gotten progressively harsher and that the system of party finance clearly handicaps new competitors. Moreover the cartel has been extremely successful in keeping new competitors out of Parliament: since the transition from communism to democracy only one genuinely new party has won legislative representation.

  18. The heuristic value of redundancy models of aging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boonekamp, Jelle J; Briga, Michael; Verhulst, Simon

    2015-11-01

    Molecular studies of aging aim to unravel the cause(s) of aging bottom-up, but linking these mechanisms to organismal level processes remains a challenge. We propose that complementary top-down data-directed modelling of organismal level empirical findings may contribute to developing these links. To this end, we explore the heuristic value of redundancy models of aging to develop a deeper insight into the mechanisms causing variation in senescence and lifespan. We start by showing (i) how different redundancy model parameters affect projected aging and mortality, and (ii) how variation in redundancy model parameters relates to variation in parameters of the Gompertz equation. Lifestyle changes or medical interventions during life can modify mortality rate, and we investigate (iii) how interventions that change specific redundancy parameters within the model affect subsequent mortality and actuarial senescence. Lastly, as an example of data-directed modelling and the insights that can be gained from this, (iv) we fit a redundancy model to mortality patterns observed by Mair et al. (2003; Science 301: 1731-1733) in Drosophila that were subjected to dietary restriction and temperature manipulations. Mair et al. found that dietary restriction instantaneously reduced mortality rate without affecting aging, while temperature manipulations had more transient effects on mortality rate and did affect aging. We show that after adjusting model parameters the redundancy model describes both effects well, and a comparison of the parameter values yields a deeper insight in the mechanisms causing these contrasting effects. We see replacement of the redundancy model parameters by more detailed sub-models of these parameters as a next step in linking demographic patterns to underlying molecular mechanisms.

  19. Metabolic acidosis aggravates experimental acute kidney injury.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Magalhães, Patrícia Andréa da Fonseca; de Brito, Teresinha Silva; Freire, Rosemayre Souza; da Silva, Moisés Tolentino Bento; dos Santos, Armênio Aguiar; Vale, Mariana Lima; de Menezes, Dalgimar Beserra; Martins, Alice Maria Costa; Libório, Alexandre Braga

    2016-02-01

    Ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury and metabolic acidosis (MA) are two critical conditions that may simultaneously occur in clinical practice. The result of this combination can be harmful to the kidneys, but this issue has not been thoroughly investigated. The present study evaluated the influence of low systemic pH on various parameters of kidney function in rats that were subjected to an experimental model of renal I/R injury. Metabolic acidosis was induced in male Wistar rats by ingesting ammonium chloride (NH4Cl) in tap water, beginning 2 days before ischemic insult and maintained during the entire study. Ischemia/reperfusion was induced by clamping both renal arteries for 45 min, followed by 48 h of reperfusion. Four groups were studied: control (subjected to sham surgery, n=8), I/R (n=8), metabolic acidosis (MA; 0.28 M NH4Cl solution and sham surgery, n=6), and MA+I/R (0.28 M NH4Cl solution plus I/R, n=9). Compared with I/R rats, MA+I/R rats exhibited higher mortality (50 vs. 11%, p=0.03), significant reductions of blood pH, plasma bicarbonate (pBic), and standard base excess (SBE), with a severe decline in the glomerular filtration rate and tubular function. Microscopic tubular injury signals were detected. Immunofluorescence revealed that the combination of MA and I/R markedly increased nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) and heme-oxygenase 1 (HO-1), but it did not interfere with the decrease in endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) expression that was caused by I/R injury. Acute ischemic kidney injury is exacerbated by acidic conditions. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. Climate Change Studies over Bangalore using Multi-source Remote Sensing Data and GIS

    Science.gov (United States)

    B, S.; Gouda, K. C.; Laxmikantha, B. P.; Bhat, N.

    2014-12-01

    Urbanization is a form of metropolitan growth that is a response to often bewildering sets of economic, social, and political forces and to the physical geography of an area. Some of the causes of the sprawl include - population growth, economy, patterns of infrastructure initiatives like the construction of roads and the provision of infrastructure using public money encouraging development. The direct implication of such urban sprawl is the change in land use and land cover of the region. In this study the long term climate data from multiple sources like NCEP reanalysis, IMD observations and various satellite derived products from MAIRS, IMD, ERSL and TRMM are considered and analyzed using the developed algorithms for the better understanding of the variability in the climate parameters over Bangalore. These products are further mathematically analyzed to arrive at desired results by extracting land surface temperature (LST), Potential evapo-transmission (PET), Rainfall, Humidity etc. Various satellites products are derived from NASA (National Aeronautics Space Agency), Indian meteorological satellites and global satellites are helpful in massive study of urban issues at global and regional scale. Climate change analysis is well studied by using either single source data such as Temperature or Rainfall from IMD (Indian Meteorological Department) or combined data products available as in case of MAIRS (Monsoon Asia Integrated Regional Scale) program to get rainfall at regional scale. Finally all the above said parameters are normalized and analyzed with the help of various open source available software's for pre and post processing our requirements to obtain desired results. A sample of analysis i.e. the Inter annual variability of annual averaged Temperature over Bangalore is presented in figure 1, which clearly shows the rising trend of the temperature (0.06oC/year). Also the Land use and land cover (LULC) analysis over Bangalore, Day light hours from

  1. Polymerisation of composite materials in space environment for development of moon base

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kondyurina, I.; Kondyurin, A.; Lauke, B.

    The best way for a Moon base creation is a deployment of light construction on Moon surface after landing. The construction has to be light in deployment and hard at exploitation. A number of proposals for solidification of deployed constructions in space were presented, but the best way is a chemical reaction which leads to a formation of hard frame of space construction. A technology of large-size moon module for industrial and scientific applications is developed on the base of polymerisation technique of composite material with liquid polymer matrix. Experiments with chemical reactions of polymerisation in composite materials under high vacuum, ion beam and plasma discharge showed a possibility to use a liquid viscous polymer matrix of composite materials under space conditions without hermetic coating. Epoxy resins with thermal and photo initiation system of polymerisation were studied. The effects of initiation of the polymerisation reaction under simulated space factors were observed. The polymerised frames can be used in energetic, electronic and other industries on Moon surface. The investigations were partially supported by Alexander von Humboldt Foundation and European Space Agency, ESTEC (contract 17083/03/NL/Sfe "Space Environmental Effects on the Polymerisation of Composite Structures"). 1. A.Kondyurin, B.Lauke, Polymerisation processes in simulated free space conditions, Proceedings of the 9th International Symposium on Materials in a Space Environment, Noordwijk, The Netherlands, 16-20 June, 2003, ESA SP-540, September 2003, pp.75-80. 2. V.A.Briskman, T.M.Yudina, K.G.Kostarev, A.V.Kondyurin, V.B.Leontyev, M.G.Levkovich, A.L.Mashinsky, G.S.Nechitailo, Polymerization in microgravity as a new process in space technology, Acta Astronautica, vol.48, N2-3, 2001, pp.169-180.

  2. Makanan Tabu pada Ibu Hamil Suku Tengger

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lini Anisfatus Sholihah

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Ibu hamil merupakan salah satu kelompok berisiko kekurangan gizi karena tabu terhadap makanan masih banyak dijumpai pada masyarakat dengan etnis budaya yang masih kuat. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui makanan tabu dan alasannya pada ibu hamil suku Tengger di Ngadas, Malang. Desain studi yang adalah kualitatif deskriptif dengan menggunakan metode diskusi kelompok terarah pada ibu hamil dan wawancara mendalam dengan tetua masyarakat, keluarga, serta petugas kesehatan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa makanan yang ditabukan meliputi kelompok buah-buahan, lauk, sayuran, makanan yang dianggap panas, dan makanan yang dianggap tidak lazim, seperti makanan dempet atau kembar. Alasan tabu makanan di Tengger Ngadas karena adanya pendekatan secara simbolik, fungsional, dan nilai atau keagamaan. Diperlukan penyuluhan oleh bidan desa terkait gizi kehamilan pada ibu hamil, kader posyandu, tetua masyarakat, dan keluarga. Ibu hamil perlu didorong untuk mengonsumsi makanan yang bergizi dan tidak memantang makanan yang dapat mengeksklusikan zat gizi tertentu dari dietnya. Pregnant woman is a risk group of malnutrition because of food. Food taboo is still exist in the community with strong culture. This study aimed to know the food taboo among pregnant woman in Tengger in Ngadas, Malang and its reason. Study design used is descriptive qualitative by focus group disscussion method with pregnant woman and indepth interview with elders, family, and health worker. The result shows that food taboo including fruits, side dish, vegetables, ‘hot foods’ group, and unusual foods such as food that stuck together. The reasons for avoiding food are symbolic approach, functional approach, and value or religion. It’s recommended for midwife in village to give information about maternal nutrition to pregnant women, elders, posyandu kader, and family. Pregnant women needs to be encouraged to consume nutritional food and avoid food taboo that can excluse some

  3. PEMBERIAN MAKANAN TAMBAHAN UNTUK PEMULIHAN (PMTP ANAK BALITA GIZI BURUK: Studi Kasus di Lima Desa di Lima Propinsi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Herman Sudiman

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Pemberian Makanan Tambahan untuk Pemulihan (PMTP anak balita gizi buruk merupakan salah satu kegiatan dalam  Usaha Perbaikan Gizi Keluarga (UPGK dan sebagai intervensi langsung dalam menanggulangi masalah KKP pada anak balita. Usaha yang memerlukan banyak biaya ini belum memberikan hasil seperti yang diharapkan terutama aspek pemulihannya, karena berbagai hambatan pengelolaan di lapangan. Telah dilakukan penelitian di lima desa pemenang lomba desa UPGK tahun 1982 di lima propinsi yaitu desa Subuk di Propinsi Bali, Cibogo di Jawa Barat, Wlahar di Jawa Tengah, Tlasih di Jawa Timur dan Koto Hilalang di Sumatera Barat dengan tujuan untuk mendapatkan gambaran pelaksanaan PMTP di desa-desa tersebut serta untuk mencari aspek-aspek positif yang mungkin dapat dilaksanakan di desa lain. Kriteria penerima PMTP berbeda untuk masing-masing desa, tetapi pada umumnya tidak hanya gizi buruk, tetapi juga gizi kurang dan gizi sedang, kecuali di Tlasih. Frekuensi penyelenggaraan PMTP di Subuk dan Tlasih adalah sekali seminggu, sementara di desa lain setiap hari. Macam makanan yang diberikan di desa Cibogo, Wlahar, Koto Hilalang dan Subuk adalah makanan lengkap yang terdiri dari nasi, lauk dan sayur-mayur, sementara itu di dua desa yang disebut belakangan disamping makan lengkap juga diberikan makanan kecil sementara di desa Tlasih PMTP diberikan dalam bentuk makanan kecil saja. Dari lima desa penelitian yang masih memmpunyai data BB anak balita penerima PMTP serta catatan lain yang berkaitan dengan pelaksanaan PMTP, yaitu desa Wlahar dan Koto Hilalang, didapat gambaran perbaikan keadaan gizi anak balita penerima PMTP secara mengesankan, walaupun hal ini bukan karena PMTP saja, mungkin merupakan efek gabungan dari PMTP, pendidikan gizi dan faktor-faktor lain seperti pelayanan kesehatan dan program pembangunan lainnya. Namun diduga pendidikan gizi kepada ibu penerima PMTP merupakan faktor penting dalam mempengaruhi keberhasilan PMTP di daerah tersebut.

  4. Experimental Study on Pharmacological Equivalence of Salvia Granules and Standard Decoction on the Anti-platelet Aggregation of Rabbits in vivo%丹参配方颗粒与标准煎剂体内抗家兔血小板聚集药理等效性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜铁良; 赵自明; 陈玉兴; 崔景朝; 曾晓会; 黄雪君; 姚楠; 周瑞玲

    2011-01-01

    Objective; To study the pharmacological equivalence of Salvia granules and standard decoction on the anti-platelet aggregation of rabbits in vivo. Method: The rabbits were randomly divided into three groups and respectively given single oral dose of Salvia standard decoction (1/4-32 times of the clinical equivalent dose),Salvia granules ( 1/4-32 times of the clinical equivalent dose) and compound Salvia dropping pills ( 1/8-16 times of the clinical equivalent dose). The platelet aggregation inhibition rate at 1,3 and 5 min and the maximum platelet aggregation inhibition rate (MAIR) of the three groups were observed and compared. The dose equivalent effect ( DEE) and equivalent effect dose ( EED) of the three Salvia preparations were calculated in the comparable range by the dose-effect curves with MAIR as the effect indicator. Result; The three Salvia preparations all could significantly inhibit the ADP-induced platelet aggregation (P <0. 01) , and the effect of Salvia granules and compound Salvia dropping pills was both better than that of Salvia standard decoction (P < 0. 01 ). Within the MAIR limit of 47. 15% -63. 99% , DEESalvia Granules ( mg · kg-1 ) = - 62. 432 + 0. 115 × DEESalvis standara decoction (mg·kg-1 ) ,and in the range of 1/4-2 times the clinical equivalent dose (175-1 400 mg·kg-1 ) ,EEDSalvia granules ( % ) = 30. 558 + 0. 775 × EEDSalvis standara decoction (%). Conclusion: Within the certain range of doses, the effect of Salvia granules on anti-platelet aggregation is lower than that of compound Salvia dropping pills, while better than that of Salvia standard decoction at the same dose.%目的:观察丹参配方颗粒与丹参标准煎剂体内抗血小板聚集效应的药理等效性.方法:对比观察8个剂量丹参标准煎剂(1/4~32倍临床等效剂量)、丹参配方颗粒(1/4~32倍临床等效剂量)和复方丹参滴丸(1/8 ~16倍)一次口服给药后对家兔血小板1,3,5 min和最大聚集抑制率(MAIR)的影响,并

  5. Endotoxin removal by radio frequency gas plasma (glow discharge)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poon, Angela

    2011-12-01

    Contaminants remaining on implantable medical devices, even following sterilization, include dangerous fever-causing residues of the outer lipopolysaccharide-rich membranes of Gram-negative bacteria such as the common gut microorganism E. coli. The conventional method for endotoxin removal is by Food & Drug Administration (FDA)-recommended dry-heat depyrogenation at 250°C for at least 45 minutes, an excessively time-consuming high-temperature technique not suitable for low-melting or heat-distortable biomaterials. This investigation evaluated the mechanism by which E. coli endotoxin contamination can be eliminated from surfaces during ambient temperature single 3-minute to cumulative 15-minute exposures to radio-frequency glow discharge (RFGD)-generated residual room air plasmas activated at 0.1-0.2 torr in a 35MHz electrodeless chamber. The main analytical technique for retained pyrogenic bio-activity was the Kinetic Chromogenic Limulus Amebocyte Lysate (LAL) Assay, sufficiently sensitive to document compliance with FDA-required Endotoxin Unit (EU) titers less than 20 EU per medical device by optical detection of enzymatic color development corresponding to water extracts of each device. The main analytical technique for identification of chemical compositions, amounts, and changes during sequential reference Endotoxin additions and subsequent RFGD-treatment removals from infrared (IR)-transparent germanium (Ge) prisms was Multiple Attenuated Internal Reflection (MAIR) infrared spectroscopy sensitive to even monolayer amounts of retained bio-contaminant. KimaxRTM 60 mm x 15 mm and 50mm x 15mm laboratory glass dishes and germanium internal reflection prisms were inoculated with E. coli bacterial endotoxin water suspensions at increments of 0.005, 0.05, 0.5, and 5 EU, and characterized by MAIR-IR spectroscopy of the dried residues on the Ge prisms and LAL Assay of sterile water extracts from both glass and Ge specimens. The Ge prism MAIR-IR measurements were

  6. Organization, territory and party system: territorial diffusion of party organization and its potential impacts on the structure of the party system in Brazil Organización, territorio y sistema partidario: difusión territorial de la organización de los partidos y sus potenciales impactos sobre la estructura del sistema partidario en Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tiago BORGES

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available What is the territorial pattern of Brazilian political parties? What kind of relation this spatiality present with the party system? In order to answer these questions, this articles focus on three main objectives. Firstly, it will investigate the systematic pattern of political organization and affiliation in Brazilian municipalities. Secondly, it will perform an exploratory analysis of the spatial distribution of the political parties’ organization in Brazil. Third, it will produce some tentative hypotheses concerning the causal relations between party organization, party system structure, and electoral performance. Teoretically, this work will be based on the work of Panebianco (2005 [1988], as well as it will employ extensively some more recent analyses such as those from Katz and Mair (1995 and Gunther and Diamond (2003. The methodology used will, most of all, perform an Exploratory Spatial Data Analysis (esda. The results reveal that there were a constant movement towards expansion of party affiliation in Brazilian territory and it is manifested through a structural difference between large (with national territorial coverage and small parties (mostly regional in terms of party organization.¿Cuál es el patrón territorial de la organización de los partidos brasileños? ¿Qué relación presenta con la estructura del sistema partidario? Para responder a dichas cuestiones, este artículo posee tres objetivos. Primero, investigar el patrón sistemático de organización y afiliación partidaria. Segundo, llevar a cabo un análisis exploratorio de la distribución territorial de la organización de los partidos brasileños. Tercero, producir hipótesis sobre relaciones causales entre organización partidaria, estructura del sistema y desempeño electoral. Teóricamente, este trabajo se basará en los estudios de Panebianco (2005 [1988], así como empleará de modo extensivo análisis más recientes como los de Katz y Mair (1995 y Gunther

  7. Virginia Woolf’s Aesthetics of Modern Fiction: Search for form in a Short Story “The Mark on the Wall” | Virginios Woolf šiuolaikinės prozos estetika: formos paieškos apsakyme „Dėmė ant sienos“

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Linara Bartkuvienė

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Straipsnyje analizuojamos Woolf naratyvo formos paieškos jos apsakyme „Dėmė ant sienos“, kuris yra laikomas vienu pirmųjų rašytojos bandymų atitrūkti nuo tradicinės Viktorijos laikotarpio prozos, grįstos siužeto, veikėjo, vyksmo vietos bei laiko koreliacija. Apsakymo „Dėmė ant sienos“ tekstas pasižymi fragmentuota struktūra: „pasakojimą“ formuoja sąmonės srauto naratyvas, grindžiamas Woolf sukurtu „pertrūkių“ metodu, t. y. įvairių stilistinių figūrų, kaip antai anakoluto ir aposiopezės, vartojimu. Pasakojimo linijiškumą pertraukia ir fragmentiškos naratyvo dalys, kurios atskirtos viena nuo kitos svarbiausiu motyvu – dėme ant sienos. Straipsnio tikslas – ištirti, kaip tapyboje taikomus postimpresionizmo estetikos principus Woolf integruoja į prozos naratyvo lauką ir, tęsdama dialogą su literatūrine tradicija, išgauna naują postimpresionistinio naratyvo formą, leidžiančią ne tik atsisakyti prozos „realizmo“ (arba, anot Woolf, „materializmo“, bet ir praplėsti šiuolaikinės prozos galimybes. Siekiant rasti atsakymą į šį klausimą, remiamasi britų meno teoretikais ir formalizmo estetikos kūrëjais Rogeriu Fry ir Clive’u Bellu, kurie teigė, kad estetiniam meno kūrinio vertingumui turinio tikroviškumas, idėjiškumas neturi jokios reikšmės, o svarbiausia mene – „grynoji forma“ arba „reikšmingoji forma“. Postimpresionistiniame Woolf kūrybos estetikos sluoksnyje taip pat vyrauja nuostata, kad tikroviškumas būdingas realistiniam menui, o šiuolaikinės prozos siekis – atspindėti sąmonės veikimo mechanizmą, rasti tokią naratyvo formą, kuri leistų atitrūkti nuo tikrovės atvaizdavimo, psichologinių ar istorinių kūrinio apribojimų.

  8. Polymerisation processes in expoy resins under influence of free space environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kondyurin, A.; Lauke, B.; Kondyurina, I.

    A creation of large size constructions in space or on celestial bodies is possible by the way of chemical reactions of liquid viscous components under space environment conditions [1-2]. In particular, a new technology for large-size space module for electronic components, energy and materials production is developed on the basis of polymerisation technique. The factors of free space environment have a significant influence on the polymerisation processes. The polymerisation processes in active liquid components are sensitive to microgravitation, temperature variations (-150{ldots}+1500C), high vacuum (10-3{ldots}10-7 Pa), atomic oxygen flux (on LEO), UV and VUV irradiations, X-ray and γ -irradiations, high energy electron and ion fluxes. Experiments of polymerisation processes under simulated free space conditions were conducted. The influences of high vacuum, high energy ion beam and rf- and mw-plasma on polymerisation of epoxy resins were observed. The effects of low molecular components evaporations, free radical formations, additional chemical reactions and mixing processes during polymerisation were observed. Our results showed, that the space factors can initiate the polymerisation reaction in epoxy matrix of glass and carbon fibre composites. The result can be used for a technology for large size constructions on Earth orbit, in far space and on space bodies as for deployed antennas, solar sail stringers, solar shield stringers, frame for large-size space station, frame for Moon, Mars, asteroids bases, frame for space plant on Earth orbit and on other celestial bodies. The study was partially supported by Alexander von Humboldt Foundation (A. Kondyurin) and European Space Agency, ESTEC (contract 17083/03/NL/Sfe "Space Environmental Effects on the Polymerisation of Composite Structures"). 1. A.Kondyurin, B.Lauke, Polymerisation processes in simulated free space conditions, Proceedings of the 9th International Symposium on Materials in a Space Environment

  9. Áhrif 11. september 2001 á NATO. Öryggi og ógnir í öðru ljósi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tómas Orri Ragnarsson

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Hryðjuverkaárásirnar á Tvíburaturnana í New York 11. september 2001 ollu straumhvörfum í öryggis- og varnarmálum. Eftir árásirnar hafa ríki heimsins á einn eða annan hátt aðlagað öryggis- og varnarmálastefnu sína til að vera betur í stakk búin til að mæta alþjóðlegri hryðjuverkaógn. Ef litið er til breytinga í öryggismálum eftir lok kalda stríðsins 1991 má segja að Atlantshafsbandalagið hafi staðið frammi fyrir breyttum aðstæðum, m.a. með auknu pólitísku samráði og samstarfi við ríki sem áður voru handan við járntjaldið og síðar með stækkun bandalagsins 1999 þegar Tékkland, Pólland og Ungverjaland fengu aðild. Síðan þá hafa samtals sjö ný ríki bæst í hóp aðildarríkjanna. Átökin á Balkanskaga og aðgerðir þar urðu síðan til þess að endurmóta starfsemi bandalagsins og finna því nýjan sess og nýtt hlutverk eftir að kalda stríðinu lauk. Eftir hryðjuverkaárásirnar í New York 11. september 2001 var nauðsynlegt fyrir NATO að leggjast aftur undir feld og ræða og móta stefnu bandalagsins í ljósi alþjóðlegra hryðjuverka og orsaka þeirra og afleiðinga.

  10. OUTREACH

    CERN Multimedia

    D. Barney

    The CMS public web site is taking shape, with priority being given to a user-friendly interface to multimedia (photos, movies, podcasts). We expect that this part of the web-site will be fully operational by the end of the year. As we all know, 2008 will be a very special year for LHC and CMS. Not only will everything start to be commissioned, but underground visits to CMS and the other LHC installations will cease. Reflecting this, the CERN DG has decided to hold an "Open Weekend" in early April 2008, to give visitors a final opportunity to go underground. Saturday 5th April will be reserved for people who work at CERN and their families. Sunday 6th will be for the public, with priority being given to local residents. Preparations are already underway at Point 5 to cope with the thousands of visitors expected on those days, including a recent meeting with the Maire of Cessy. In addition to point 5, there will also be CMS visit sites at Meyrin building 40, CMS analysis centre, crystal la...

  11. Writing from the Margins of Myself

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luci Gorell Barnes

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available In my doctoral studies at the University of Bristol, I took part in an experimental process of free writing, and my paper begins with the short story that emerged from this. During the taught unit we discussed ethical dilemmas that might arise from writing as inquiry, and in the commentary that follows my story, I reflect on how this practice requires an awareness of care for self and others. I describe my process, and discuss how it allowed me to transcend my dominant voice and restructure some of my ideas about what I study. I propose that by writing fiction I was able to consider complex issues in a way that opened up multiple meanings for me, and offered different views into social experience. I was guided by my practice as a visual artist and inspired by the writings of Ursula Le Guin (2004, Miller Mair (1989, and Ronald Pelias (2004, who encouraged me to listen in an empathic way, and write from the heart.

  12. Increased Intracranial Pressure Following Removal of Intracranial Lesions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. Ramamurthi

    1964-01-01

    Full Text Available Increased intracramal tension may 0 ise some days or ''leeks the problem may ari 1 of lrelUova "nt r a cra nial tumours or . lfter operation. , ""n" . " such increased tensicn raises the pOSS1- In the immed.',iate postoperat1ve perlOd" " f eopenino- Unrelieved tentorial -" d f c the dec1s10n or r O' lility of a clot rormattcn an ore ~ "e"ln .or the so called third day post " f thrombus Into a ma](Ir v .' , herniation. extenslOn 0 a f h raised intracranial pressure,. th common causes 0 sue operative oede~a. are e dematous blockage of ventricular system may When the ventnclc' has been opened. oe have to be tackled by repeated ventricular puncture. the fear of this postoperative oedema is the reason In posterior fossa surgery. '. - ' h many neurosuTgeons leave the dura open. w y " ommoner in posterior fossa " " tracranial presurc1 1S c Late onset of mcreased in f ttbromae or after excision of " b-total removal 0 neuro . operations spec1ally after su ti t the site of surgery or adheslOns block- " cyst forma ion a tubercnlomas. The cause :s Following air studies. a shunt procedure or a ing the cerebrospinal flUld "pa~hWay. tentorial incision would be md1cated.

  13. Antiviral activity of some Tunisian medicinal plants against Herpes simplex virus type 1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sassi, A Ben; Harzallah-Skhiri, F; Bourgougnon, N; Aouni, M

    2008-01-10

    Fifteen species of Tunisian traditional medicinal plants, belonging to 10 families, were selected for this study. They were Inula viscosa (L.) Ait and Reichardia tingitana (L.) Roth ssp. discolor (Pom.) Batt. (Asteraceae), Mesembryanthemum cristallinum L. and M. nodiflorum L. (Aizoaceae), Arthrocnemum indicum (Willd.) Moq., Atriplex inflata Muell., A. parvifolia Lowe var. ifiniensis (Caball) Maire, and Salicornia fruticosa L. (Chenopodiaceae), Cistus monspeliensis L. (Cistaceae), Juniperus phoenicea L. (Cupressaceae), Erica multiflora L. (Ericaceae), Frankenia pulverulenta L. (Frankeniaceae), Hypericum crispum L. (Hypericaceae), Plantago coronopus L. ssp. eu-coronopus Pilger var. vulgaris G.G. (Plantaginaceae) and Zygophyllum album L. (Zygophyllaceae). Fifty extracts prepared from those plants were screened in order to assay their antiviral activity against Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1), using neutral red incorporation. Extracts from eight plants among these 15 showed some degree of antiviral activity, while the methanolic extract of E. multiflora was highly active with EC(50) of 132.6 microg mL(-1). These results corroborate that medicinal plants from Tunisia can be a rich source of potential antiviral compounds.

  14. Strong anisotropy in the low temperature Compton profiles of electron momentum distribution in -Ga metal

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    B P Panda; N C Mohapatra

    2002-01-01

    Compton profiles of momentum distribution of conduction electrons in the orthorhombic phase of -Ga metal at low temperature are calculated in the band model for the three crystallographic directions (100), (010), and (001). Unlike the results at room temperature, previously reported by Lengeler, Lasser and Mair, the present results show strong anisotropy in the Compton profiles with the momentum distribution along (001) direction being substantially different from the other two directions. While experimental data on Compton profiles at low temperatures are not available for comparison with theory, the resistivity data in -Ga at low temperature strongly support this anisotropic behaviour. Besides, the electronic heat capacity constant available from both experiment and present calculation suggests that the conduction electron distribution at low temperature in the orthorhombic phase is markedly different from the free-electron-like-distribution at room temperature, thus lending additional support to anisotropic behaviour of Compton profiles. It would be nice to have Compton profiles data from experiment at low temperature for direct comparison with theory. It is hoped that the present work would stimulate enough interest in that direction.

  15. Visualization and Analysis of Multi-scale Land Surface Products via Giovanni Portals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, Suhung; Kempler, Steven J.; Gerasimov, Irina V.

    2013-01-01

    Large volumes of MODIS land data products at multiple spatial resolutions have been integrated into the Giovanni online analysis system to support studies on land cover and land use changes,focused on the Northern Eurasia and Monsoon Asia regions through the LCLUC program. Giovanni (Goddard Interactive Online Visualization ANd aNalysis Infrastructure) is a Web-based application developed by the NASA Goddard Earth Sciences Data and Information Services Center (GES DISC), providing a simple and intuitive way to visualize, analyze, and access Earth science remotely-sensed and modeled data.Customized Giovanni Web portals (Giovanni-NEESPI andGiovanni-MAIRS) have been created to integrate land, atmospheric,cryospheric, and societal products, enabling researchers to do quick exploration and basic analyses of land surface changes, and their relationships to climate, at global and regional scales. This presentation shows a sample Giovanni portal page, lists selected data products in the system, and illustrates potential analyses with imagesand time-series at global and regional scales, focusing on climatology and anomaly analysis. More information is available at the GES DISCMAIRS data support project portal: http:disc.sci.gsfc.nasa.govmairs.

  16. mirt: A Multidimensional Item Response Theory Package for the R Environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Philip Chalmers

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Item response theory (IRT is widely used in assessment and evaluation research to explain how participants respond to item level stimuli. Several R packages can be used to estimate the parameters in various IRT models, the most flexible being the ltm (Rizopoulos 2006, eRm (Mair and Hatzinger 2007, and MCMCpack (Martin, Quinn, and Park 2011 packages. However these packages have limitations in that ltm and eRm can only analyze unidimensional IRT models effectively and the exploratory multidimensional extensions available in MCMCpack requires prior understanding of Bayesian estimation convergence diagnostics and are computationally intensive. Most importantly, multidimensional confirmatory item factor analysis methods have not been implemented in any R package.The mirt package was created for estimating multidimensional item response theory parameters for exploratory and confirmatory models by using maximum-likelihood meth- ods. The Gauss-Hermite quadrature method used in traditional EM estimation (e.g., Bock and Aitkin 1981 is presented for exploratory item response models as well as for confirmatory bifactor models (Gibbons and Hedeker 1992. Exploratory and confirmatory models are estimated by a stochastic algorithm described by Cai (2010a,b. Various program comparisons are presented and future directions for the package are discussed.

  17. CineClub

    CERN Multimedia

    CineClub

    2014-01-01

      On the occasion of CERN’s 60th anniversary the CERN CinéClub will be showing films from all CERN member states   Thursday 8 May 2014 at 20:00 CERN Council Chamber Tabu   Directed by Miguel Gomes (Portugal, 2012) 118 minutes      Directed by Jérome le Maire (Belgium, 2006) 87 minutes   TABU is a diptych starting off in present day Lisbon with Pilar, a woman concerned about her neighbour Aurora’s eccentricities.  Pilar meets Gian Luca, a man from Aurora’s past.  He starts his story and the film jumps back in time to colonial Africa, where he and Aurora had a passionate love affair. The second part is made of a quasi-silent film, with no dialogue, just music and voice-over. With a soundtrack that ranges from Lisztian piano music to cover versions of Phil Spector, TABU is just a delight.  Not to mention the sad and melancholy crocodile.. Original version P...

  18. To Enhance Observation and Regional Study in a New Era of Global Change Science——An interview with Prof. FU Congbin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    @@ As one of the domestic pioneers and internationally renowned experts on global change science, Prof. FU Congbin has been strongly involved in the study of climate variability and dynamics since the early 1980s. His research ranges from air-sea interaction to the aridity trend of northern China and the monsoon-driven ecosystems in East Asia. Under his leadership, the Monsoon Asia Integrated Regional Study (MAIRS) was launched in 2006 as a component of the Earth System Science Partnership program. It is the first international scientific project initiated and chaired by a Chinese scientist in the field of global change. Prof. Fu now serves as a Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, vice president of the China Association for Science and Technology, and executive board member of the International Council for Science (ICSU). During a recent face-to-face interview with BCAS reporter XIN Ling in Beijing, the professor highlighted the necessity of enhancing fundamental observation and regional studies for the further development of global change science.

  19. In memoriam 2003

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Maailmas: Lynn Chadwick (24. XI 1914-25. IV), Eila Hiltunen (22. XI 1922-10. X), Leni Riefenstahl (22. VIII 1902-8. IX); Eesti: Paul Allik (23. XII 1946-14. XII), Tiiu Aru (14. X 1938-4. XII), Olga Bruns (19. III 1929-21. XII), Paula Delacherie-Ilves (7. IV 1903-2. IX), Tamara Ditman (9. VIII 1945-4. VIII), Ole Ehelaid (1. V 1913-2. IX), Mart-Ivo Eller (24. VII 1936-18. XI), Ene Falkenberg (2. XI 1914-10. III), Valve Janov (31. I 1921-18. IX), Aino Järvesoo (23. IX 1910-2. II), Lea Jürisson (31. X 1927-30. VIII), Ella Külv (1. XI 1921-31. VII), Tõnis Liik (1. XI 1923-25. I), Ella Loodma (27. II 1926-9. VI), Külli Muna (17. I 1960-8. I), Maire Männik (1. IV 1922-5. IX), Aleksei Paivel (30. III 1929-15. IX), Aino Põldra (1. VIII 1923-5. III), Made Põlluaas (13. VI 1929-15. X), Aleksander Suuman (25. IV 1927-19. VI), Walter Zapp (4. IX 1905-17. VII), Andres Tambek (7. VII 1952-12. V), Isi Trapido (27. IX 1921-28. XI), Ants Erik Vomm (4. VI 1931-11. VIII)

  20. Phylogenetic analysis and systematics of the Acrapex unicolora Hampson species complex (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae, Apameini, with the description of five new species from the Afrotropics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruno Le Ru

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Ten morphologically similar species of Acrapex Hampson, 1891 (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae, Noctuinae, Apameini from Central and Eastern Africa are reviewed, including five new species: Acrapex kafula le Ru sp. nov., A. kavumba le Ru sp. nov., A. kiakouama le Ru sp. nov., A. miscantha le Ru sp. nov. and A. simillima le Ru sp. nov. Evidence is provided to transfer the monotypic genus Poecopa Bowden, 1956 to the genus Acrapex. Host plants of five species are recorded, some of them for the first time. Acrapex kavumba sp. nov., A. miscantha sp. nov. and A. simillima sp. nov. were found on one host plant each. Acrapex mediopuncta, previously reported in West Africa from Pennisetum purpureum Schumach., Rottboellia compressa L., Setaria megaphylla (Steud Dur. & Schinz. and Sorghum arundinaceum (Desv. Stapf, was only found from S. megaphylla in Central Africa. Larvae of Acrapex unicolora were collected on Andropogon gayanus Kunth, Chrysopogon zizanoides (L. Roberty, Cymbopogon schoenanthus subsp. proximus (Hochst. ex A.Rich. Maire & Weller, Cymbopogon pospischiilii (K.Schum. C.E.Hubb., Hyparrhenia diplandra (Hack. Stapf and Setaria sphacelata (Schumach. Moss. We also conducted molecular phylogenetic analyses (using maximum likelihood and molecular species delimitation analyses on a comprehensive sample of 61 specimens belonging to eight of the studied species. Molecular phylogenetic analyses provided additional evidence of the synonymy of Acrapex and Poecopa, whereas molecular species delimitation analyses support the validity of the five newly described species and unravel another potential new species, only collected in the larval stage.

  1. In memoriam 2003

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Maailmas: Lynn Chadwick (24. XI 1914-25. IV), Eila Hiltunen (22. XI 1922-10. X), Leni Riefenstahl (22. VIII 1902-8. IX); Eesti: Paul Allik (23. XII 1946-14. XII), Tiiu Aru (14. X 1938-4. XII), Olga Bruns (19. III 1929-21. XII), Paula Delacherie-Ilves (7. IV 1903-2. IX), Tamara Ditman (9. VIII 1945-4. VIII), Ole Ehelaid (1. V 1913-2. IX), Mart-Ivo Eller (24. VII 1936-18. XI), Ene Falkenberg (2. XI 1914-10. III), Valve Janov (31. I 1921-18. IX), Aino Järvesoo (23. IX 1910-2. II), Lea Jürisson (31. X 1927-30. VIII), Ella Külv (1. XI 1921-31. VII), Tõnis Liik (1. XI 1923-25. I), Ella Loodma (27. II 1926-9. VI), Külli Muna (17. I 1960-8. I), Maire Männik (1. IV 1922-5. IX), Aleksei Paivel (30. III 1929-15. IX), Aino Põldra (1. VIII 1923-5. III), Made Põlluaas (13. VI 1929-15. X), Aleksander Suuman (25. IV 1927-19. VI), Walter Zapp (4. IX 1905-17. VII), Andres Tambek (7. VII 1952-12. V), Isi Trapido (27. IX 1921-28. XI), Ants Erik Vomm (4. VI 1931-11. VIII)

  2. NASA Land Cover and Land Use Change (LCLUC): an interdisciplinary research program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Justice, Chris; Gutman, Garik; Vadrevu, Krishna Prasad

    2015-01-15

    Understanding Land Cover/Land Use Change (LCLUC) in diverse regions of the world and at varied spatial scales is one of the important challenges in global change research. In this article, we provide a brief overview of the NASA LCLUC program, its focus areas, and the importance of satellite remote sensing observations in LCLUC research including future directions. The LCLUC Program was designed to be a cross-cutting theme within NASA's Earth Science program. The program aims to develop and use remote sensing technologies to improve understanding of human interactions with the environment. Since 1997, the NASA LCLUC program has supported nearly 280 research projects on diverse topics such as forest loss and carbon, urban expansion, land abandonment, wetland loss, agricultural land use change and land use change in mountain systems. The NASA LCLUC program emphasizes studies where land-use changes are rapid or where there are significant regional or global LCLUC implications. Over a period of years, the LCLUC program has contributed to large regional science programs such as Land Biosphere-Atmosphere (LBA), the Northern Eurasia Earth Science Partnership Initiative (NEESPI), and the Monsoon Area Integrated Regional Study (MAIRS). The primary emphasis of the program will remain on using remote sensing datasets for LCLUC research. The program will continue to emphasize integration of physical and social sciences to address regional to global scale issues of LCLUC for the benefit of society.

  3. Delmopinol-induced matrix removal facilitates photodynamic therapy and chlorhexidine methods for disinfecting mixed oral biofilms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rogers, Stephen Christopher

    It is often observed that the slimy matrixes of various bacterial-formed biofilms can limit their disinfection. This investigation demonstrated that disinfection effectiveness by either photodynamic therapy (PDT) or chlorhexidine irrigation is significantly improved by collapse of that matrix using the non-bactericidal reagent delmopinol as part of the treatment sequence. Cyclic shear-producing conditions were used to grow 4-day, whole salivary and growth media biofilms on glow-discharge-treated polystyrene (N=46) and mini-germanium internal reflection prisms to serve in a periodontal crypt model of disinfection by either methylene-blue-mediated PDT or by chlorhexidine irrigation. Assays for bacterial viability, with and without treatments, were performed by alamarBlueRTM fluorescent methods, statistically applied (ANOVA, Tukey's HSD). Multiple Attenuated Internal Reflection Infrared (MAIR-IR) assays confirmed selective removal of the predominantly polysaccharide matrix materials by the delmopinol treatment, but not by equivalent water or chlorhexidine methods. Confocal-IR microscopy showed that the delmopinol reagent, alone, caused about one-third of each wet biofilm to be removed, while bacterial re-growth was confirmed by alamarBlueRTM assay. Chlorhexidine and PDT suppression of bacterial activity without regrowth was significantly improved with the added delmopinol treatment, and is likely to provide similarly beneficial results in the effective disinfection of diverse biofilms in many settings.

  4. Surface proton transport of fully protonated poly(aspartic acid) thin films on quartz substrates

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nagao, Yuki, E-mail: ynagao@jaist.ac.jp; Kubo, Takahiro

    2014-12-30

    Graphical abstract: - Highlights: • Proton transport of fully protonated poly(aspartic acid) thin film was investigated. • The thin film structure differed greatly from the partially protonated one. • Proton transport occurs on the surface, not inside of the thin film. • This result contributes to biological transport systems such as bacteriorhodopsin. - Abstract: Thin film structure and the proton transport property of fully protonated poly(aspartic acid) (P-Asp100) have been investigated. An earlier study assessed partially protonated poly(aspartic acid), highly oriented thin film structure and enhancement of the internal proton transport. In this study of P-Asp100, IR p-polarized multiple-angle incidence resolution (P-MAIR) spectra were measured to investigate the thin film structure. The obtained thin films, with thicknesses of 120–670 nm, had no oriented structure. Relative humidity dependence of the resistance, proton conductivity, and normalized resistance were examined to ascertain the proton transport property of P-Asp100 thin films. The obtained data showed that the proton transport of P-Asp100 thin films might occur on the surface, not inside of the thin film. This phenomenon might be related with the proton transport of the biological system.

  5. Organization, territory and party system: territorial diffusion of party organization and its potential impacts on the structure of the party system in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María do Socorro SOUSA BRAGA

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available What is the territorial pattern of Brazilian political parties? What kind of relation this spatiality present with the party system? In order to answer these questions, this articles focus on three main objectives. Firstly, it will investigate the systematic pattern of political organization and affiliation in Brazilian municipalities. Secondly, it will perform an exploratory analysis of the spatial distribution of the political parties’ organization in Brazil. Third, it will produce some tentative hypotheses concerning the causal relations between party organization, party system structure, and electoral performance. Teoretically, this work will be based on the work of Panebianco (2005 [1988], as well as it will employ extensively some more recent analyses such as those from Katz and Mair (1995 and Gunther and Diamond (2003. The methodology used will, most of all, perform an Exploratory Spatial Data Analysis (esda. The results reveal that there were a constant movement towards expansion of party affiliation in Brazilian territory and it is manifested through a structural difference between large (with national territorial coverage and small parties (mostly regional in terms of party organization.

  6. In situ mass spectrometry monitoring of fungal cultures led to the identification of four peptaibols with a rare threonine residue.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sica, Vincent P; Rees, Evan R; Raja, Huzefa A; Rivera-Chávez, José; Burdette, Joanna E; Pearce, Cedric J; Oberlies, Nicholas H

    2017-11-01

    Peptaibols are an intriguing class of fungal metabolites due both to their wide range of reported bioactivities and to the structural variability that can be generated by the exchange of variable amino acid building blocks. In an effort to streamline the discovery of structurally diverse peptaibols, a mass spectrometry surface sampling technique was applied to screen the chemistry of fungal cultures in situ. Four previously undescribed peptaibols, all containing a rare threonine residue, were identified from a fungal culture (MSX53554), which was identified as Nectriopsis Maire (Bionectriaceae, Hypocreales, Ascomycota). These compounds not only increased the known threonine-containing peptaibols by nearly 20%, but also, the threonine residue was situated in a unique place compared to the other reported threonine-containing peptaibols. After the initial in situ detection and characterization, a large-scale solid fermentation culture was grown. The four peptaibols were isolated and characterized by mass spectrometry. In addition, one of the peptaibols was fully characterized by NMR and amino acid analysis using Marfey's reagent and exhibited moderate in vitro anticancer activity. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  7. What Does It Mean to be Central? A Botanical Geography of Paris 1830-1848.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoquet, Thierry

    2016-02-01

    This paper focuses on the geography of the botanical community in Paris, under the July Monarchy (1830-1848). At that time, the Muséum d'Histoire naturelle (MHN) was at its institutional acme and, under the impulse of François Guizot, its budget was increasing dramatically. However, closer attention to manuscript sources (correspondence, travel diaries) reveals that the botanists of the time favoured other private institutions, located both on the Right and Left Banks of the Seine. The MHN was prestigious for its collections and professors but it was relatively remote from the centre of Paris, and its plant samples were sometimes difficult to access. Several other first-class private herbaria granted liberal access to botanists: those of Jacques Gay, Phillip Barker Webb, and Benjamin Delessert. Thanks to their wealth, these plant amateurs had ownership of historical herbaria consisting of species types alongside rich botanical libraries. Botanists visiting Paris from foreign countries or other provinces of France also spent some time studying less general plant collections, like those of Count Jaubert, or specialized collections, like Montagne's or Léveillé's on cryptogams. Other botanists also enjoyed renown at the time, although they published little, if anything (like Maire). Living in crammed apartments, literally in the middle of their plant samples, these botanists were key nodes in botanical networks, although they had no relation with the prestigious MHN.

  8. Updating soil CO2 emission experiments to assess climate change effects and extracellular soil respiration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vidal Vazquez, Eva; Paz Ferreiro, Jorge

    2014-05-01

    Experimental work is an essential component in training future soil scientists. Soil CO2 emission is a key issue because of the potential impacts of this process on the greenhouse effect. The amount of organic carbon stored in soils worldwide is about 1600 gigatons (Gt) compared to 750 Gt in the atmosphere mostly in the form of CO2. Thus, if soil respiration increased slightly so that just 10% of the soil carbon pool was converted to CO2, atmospheric CO2 concentrations in the atmosphere could increase by one-fifth. General circulation model predictions indicate atmosphere warming between 2 and 5°C (IPCC 2007) and precipitation changes ranging from about -15 to +30%. Traditionally, release of CO2 was thought to occur only in an intracellular environment; however, recently CO2 emissions have been in irradiated soil, in the absence of microorganisms (Maire et al., 2013). Moreover, soil plays a role in the stabilization of respiration enzymes promoting CO2 release after microorganism death. Here, we propose to improve CO2 emission experiments commonly used in soil biology to investigate: 1) effects of climatic factors on soil CO2 emissions, and 2) rates of extracellular respiration in soils and how these rates are affected by environmental factors. Experiment designed to assess the effect of climate change can be conducted either in field conditions under different ecosystems (forest, grassland, cropland) or in a greenhouse using simple soil chambers. The interactions of climate change in CO2 emissions are investigated using climate-manipulation experiment that can be adapted to field or greenhouse conditions (e.g. Mc Daniel et al., 2013). The experimental design includes a control plot (without soil temperature and rain manipulation) a warming treatment as well as wetting and/or drying treatments. Plots are warmed to the target temperature by procedures such as infrared heaters (field) or radiant cable (greenhouse). To analyze extracellular respiration, rates of CO2

  9. Inégalités écologiques et comportement électoral : le cas des élections municipales françaises de 2001

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bertrand Zuindeau

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available Dans cet article, nous analysons les effets des variables écologiques sur les résultats des partis sortants aux élections municipales françaises de mars 2001. L’étude porte sur près de 600 communes de plus de 10 000 habitants. Partant d'un modèle économétrique de vote simple adapté aux spécificités du scrutin français, l'analyse complète ce modèle en intégrant des variables écologiques. Les résultats montrent que l’électorat pénalise le parti du maire sortant en cas de pollutions atmosphérique et terrestre relativement élevées. Ils montrent aussi que la présence des transports urbains peut être ressentie par l'électorat comme complémentaire (et non substitut des pollutions, et se révèle alors coûteuse sur le plan électoral.This paper studies the impact of environmental conditions on the result of incumbent parties' candidates in the 2001 local election in France. Our sample covers 560 towns. Starting from an econometric model of vote adapted for French specificities, we first confirm the presence of an partisan incumbency premium. We also find that the electorate penalizes the incumbent party for ozone and ground pollution. More paradoxically, the presence of underground or tramway lines appears more as an indicator of congestion than of a better quality of life, and is thus electorally costly.

  10. Online Time Series Analysis of Land Products over Asia Monsoon Region via Giovanni

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, Suhung; Leptoukh, Gregory G.; Gerasimov, Irina

    2011-01-01

    Time series analysis is critical to the study of land cover/land use changes and climate. Time series studies at local-to-regional scales require higher spatial resolution, such as 1km or less, data. MODIS land products of 250m to 1km resolution enable such studies. However, such MODIS land data files are distributed in 10ox10o tiles, due to large data volumes. Conducting a time series study requires downloading all tiles that include the study area for the time period of interest, and mosaicking the tiles spatially. This can be an extremely time-consuming process. In support of the Monsoon Asia Integrated Regional Study (MAIRS) program, NASA GES DISC (Goddard Earth Sciences Data and Information Services Center) has processed MODIS land products at 1 km resolution over the Asia monsoon region (0o-60oN, 60o-150oE) with a common data structure and format. The processed data have been integrated into the Giovanni system (Goddard Interactive Online Visualization ANd aNalysis Infrastructure) that enables users to explore, analyze, and download data over an area and time period of interest easily. Currently, the following regional MODIS land products are available in Giovanni: 8-day 1km land surface temperature and active fire, monthly 1km vegetation index, and yearly 0.05o, 500m land cover types. More data will be added in the near future. By combining atmospheric and oceanic data products in the Giovanni system, it is possible to do further analyses of environmental and climate changes associated with the land, ocean, and atmosphere. This presentation demonstrates exploring land products in the Giovanni system with sample case scenarios.

  11. A global distribution of the ignitability component of flammability based on climatic drivers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karali, Anna; Fyllas, Nikolaos M.; Hatzaki, Maria; Giannakopoulos, Christos; Nastos, Panagiotis

    2017-04-01

    Fire regime is the result of complex interactions among ignition, topography, weather and vegetation. Even though the influence of vegetation varies regionally, it remains the only component that can be directly managed in order to reduce the negative impacts of wildland fires. Therefore, reliable information on vegetation flammability is required, making it one of the essential components of fire risk assessment and management. Specific Leaf Area (SLA [cm2 g-1], the ratio of leaf area to leaf dry mass) has received little attention regarding its relationship with ignitability and, thus, flammability. However, recent studies on a regional scale have shown that leaves of higher SLA are more ignitable. Thus, in the framework of the current study, the ignitability, as a function of SLA on global scale, is explored. In order to calculate SLA, a linear regression model combining SLA and climate data has been used (Maire et al., 2015). The climate data used for its calculation include the maximum monthly fractional sunshine duration, the maximum monthly temperature and the number of days with daily mean temperature above 0°C for each grid cell, obtained from the ERA-Interim gridded observations database. Subsequently, the ignitability component of flammability is calculated on a global scale using a bivariate regression relationship with SLA based on experimental burns of leaf materials (Grootemaat et al., 2015). The global distribution of ignitability can subsequently be combined with fire weather index (FWI) values for the development of an integrated index of forest fire vulnerability for the current and future climate, using CMIP5 climate model outputs. This will enable the integration of functional biogeographic data with widely applied fire risk assessment methodologies at regional to global spatial scales.

  12. Sonification for geoscience: Listening to faults from the inside

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barrett, Natasha; Mair, Karen

    2014-05-01

    Here we investigate the use of sonification for geoscience by sonifying the data generated in computer models of earthquake processes. Using mainly parameter mapping sonification, we explore data from our recent 3D DEM (discrete element method) models where granular debris is sheared between rough walls to simulate an evolving fault (e.g. Mair and Abe, 2011). To best appreciate the inherently 3D nature of the crushing and sliding events (continuously tracked in our models) that occur as faults slip, we use Ambisonics (a sound field recreation technology). This allows the position of individual events to be preserved generating a virtual 3D soundscape so we can explore faults from the inside. The addition of 3D audio to the sonification tool palate further allows us to more accurately connect to spatial data in a novel and engaging manner. During sonification, events such as grain scale fracturing, grain motions and interactions are mapped to specific sounds whose pitch, timbre, and volume reflect properties such as the depth, character, and size of the individual events. Our interactive and real-time approaches allow the listener to actively explore the data in time and space, listening to evolving processes by navigating through the spatial data via a 3D mouse controller. The soundscape can be heard either through an array of speakers or using a pair of headphones. Emergent phenomena in the models generate clear sound patterns that are easily spotted. Also, because our ears are excellent signal-to-noise filters, events are recognizable above the background noise. Although these features may be detectable visually, using a different sense (and part of the brain) gives a fresh perspective and facilitates a rapid appreciation of 'signals' through audio awareness, rather than specific scientific training. For this reason we anticipate significant potential for the future use of sonification in the presentation, interpretation and communication of geoscience datasets

  13. Effects of bottom clearance on flow behavior in multi-compartment airlift loop reactor%底部间隙对多室环流反应器流动特性的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张文飞; 王丽朋; 刘永民

    2012-01-01

    The effects of bottom clearance on hydrodynamic characteristics including resistance coefficient, phase holdup, liquid circulation velocity are investigated in a range of superficial gas velocity 1. 2-4. 2 cm/s for a three-phase system of air-water-quartz particles in multi-compartment airlift loop reactor (MALR), with the clearance height of bottom connection being 18, 28, 38 mm, respectively. It is observed that bottom connection resistance coefficient decreased with the bottom clearance increasing ,therefore the liquid circulation velocity increased, then more bubbles and solid particles will be taken along to the downcomer, making an enhancement of gas and solid holdup in downcomer consequently.%在空气-水-石英砂三相多室气升式环流反应器(MAIR)中,调节底部转角连接处间隙高度分别为18,28,38 mm,在表观气速1.2~4.2 cm/s范围内,实验研究了底部阻力系数、相含率、循环液速随反应器底部间隙的变化规律.结果表明,随着底部间隙的增大,底部转角处的局部阻力系数减小,循环液速增大,流体夹带进入下降室的气泡和固体颗粒均增多,下降室的气含率和固含率均增大.

  14. AMPK controls exercise endurance, mitochondrial oxidative capacity, and skeletal muscle integrity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lantier, Louise; Fentz, Joachim; Mounier, Rémi; Leclerc, Jocelyne; Treebak, Jonas T; Pehmøller, Christian; Sanz, Nieves; Sakakibara, Iori; Saint-Amand, Emmanuelle; Rimbaud, Stéphanie; Maire, Pascal; Marette, André; Ventura-Clapier, Renée; Ferry, Arnaud; Wojtaszewski, Jørgen F P; Foretz, Marc; Viollet, Benoit

    2014-07-01

    AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is a sensor of cellular energy status that plays a central role in skeletal muscle metabolism. We used skeletal muscle-specific AMPKα1α2 double-knockout (mdKO) mice to provide direct genetic evidence of the physiological importance of AMPK in regulating muscle exercise capacity, mitochondrial function, and contraction-stimulated glucose uptake. Exercise performance was significantly reduced in the mdKO mice, with a reduction in maximal force production and fatigue resistance. An increase in the proportion of myofibers with centralized nuclei was noted, as well as an elevated expression of interleukin 6 (IL-6) mRNA, possibly consistent with mild skeletal muscle injury. Notably, we found that AMPKα1 and AMPKα2 isoforms are dispensable for contraction-induced skeletal muscle glucose transport, except for male soleus muscle. However, the lack of skeletal muscle AMPK diminished maximal ADP-stimulated mitochondrial respiration, showing an impairment at complex I. This effect was not accompanied by changes in mitochondrial number, indicating that AMPK regulates muscle metabolic adaptation through the regulation of muscle mitochondrial oxidative capacity and mitochondrial substrate utilization but not baseline mitochondrial muscle content. Together, these results demonstrate that skeletal muscle AMPK has an unexpected role in the regulation of mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation that contributes to the energy demands of the exercising muscle.-Lantier, L., Fentz, J., Mounier, R., Leclerc, J., Treebak, J. T., Pehmøller, C., Sanz, N., Sakakibara, I., Saint-Amand, E., Rimbaud, S., Maire, P., Marette, A., Ventura-Clapier, R., Ferry, A., Wojtaszewski, J. F. P., Foretz, M., Viollet, B. AMPK controls exercise endurance, mitochondrial oxidative capacity, and skeletal muscle integrity. © FASEB.

  15. Antioxidant, 5-lipoxygenase inhibitory and cytotoxic activities of compounds isolated from the Ferula lutea flowers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Znati, Mansour; Ben Jannet, Hichem; Cazaux, Sylvie; Souchard, Jean Pierre; Harzallah Skhiri, Féthia; Bouajila, Jalloul

    2014-10-22

    A phytochemical investigation of the Ferula lutea (Poir.) Maire flowers has led to the isolation of a new compound, (E)-5-ethylidenefuran-2(5H)-one-5-O-β-d-glucopyranoside (1), designated ferunide, 4-hydroxy-3-methylbut-2-enoic acid (2), reported for the first time as a natural product, together with nine known compounds, verbenone-5-O-β-d-glucopyranoside (3), 5-O-caffeoylquinic acid (4), methyl caffeate (5), methyl 3,5-O-dicaffeoylquinate (6), 3,5-O-dicaffeoylquinic acid (7), isorhamnetin-3-O-α-l-rhamnopyranosyl(1→6)-β-d-glucopyranoside, narcissin (8), (-)-marmesin (9), isoimperatorin (10) and 2,3,6-trimethylbenzaldehyde (11). Compounds 3-10 were identified for the first time in Ferula genus. Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic methods, including 1D and 2D NMR experiments, mass spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction analysis (compound 2), as well as by comparison with literature data. The antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and cytotoxic activities of isolated compounds were evaluated. Results showed that compound 7 exhibited the highest antioxidant activity with IC50 values of 18 ± 0.5 µmol/L and 19.7 ± 0.7 µmol/L by DPPH radical and ABTS radical cation, respectively. The compound 6 exhibited the highest anti-inflammatory activity with an IC50 value of 5.3 ± 0.1 µmol/L against 5-lipoxygenase. In addition, compound 5 was found to be the most cytotoxic, with IC50 values of 22.5 ± 2.4 µmol/L, 17.8 ± 1.1 µmol/L and 25 ± 1.1 µmol/L against the HCT-116, IGROV-1 and OVCAR-3 cell lines, respectively.

  16. Antioxidant, 5-Lipoxygenase Inhibitory and Cytotoxic Activities of Compounds Isolated from the Ferula lutea Flowers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mansour Znati

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available A phytochemical investigation of the Ferula lutea (Poir. Maire flowers has led to the isolation of a new compound, (E-5-ethylidenefuran-2(5H-one-5-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (1, designated ferunide, 4-hydroxy-3-methylbut-2-enoic acid (2, reported for the first time as a natural product, together with nine known compounds, verbenone-5-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (3, 5-O-caffeoylquinic acid (4, methyl caffeate (5, methyl 3,5-O-dicaffeoylquinate (6, 3,5-O-dicaffeoylquinic acid (7, isorhamnetin-3-O-α-L-rhamnopyranosyl(1→6-β-D-glucopyranoside, narcissin (8, (−-marmesin (9, isoimperatorin (10 and 2,3,6-trimethylbenzaldehyde (11. Compounds 3–10 were identified for the first time in Ferula genus. Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic methods, including 1D and 2D NMR experiments, mass spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction analysis (compound 2, as well as by comparison with literature data. The antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and cytotoxic activities of isolated compounds were evaluated. Results showed that compound 7 exhibited the highest antioxidant activity with IC50 values of 18 ± 0.5 µmol/L and 19.7 ± 0.7 µmol/L by DPPH radical and ABTS radical cation, respectively. The compound 6 exhibited the highest anti-inflammatory activity with an IC50 value of 5.3 ± 0.1 µmol/L against 5-lipoxygenase. In addition, compound 5 was found to be the most cytotoxic, with IC50 values of 22.5 ± 2.4 µmol/L, 17.8 ± 1.1 µmol/L and 25 ± 1.1 µmol/L against the HCT-116, IGROV-1 and OVCAR-3 cell lines, respectively.

  17. Deformation and Fluid Flow in the Etendeka Plateau, NW Namibia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salomon, Eric; Koehn, Daniel; Passchier, Cees; Davis, Jennifer; Salvona, Aron; Chung, Peter

    2014-05-01

    We studied deformation bands in sandstone and breccia veins in overlying basalts of the Etendeka Plateau, NW Namibia, regarding their development and history of fluid flow within. The studied deformation bands can be divided into disaggregation bands and cataclastic bands. The former appear to develop in unsorted sandstone, whereas the latter form in well sorted sandstone. We estimated the porosity of the bands and host rock in thin sections using a simple image analysis software (ImageJ). Results show, that no or only a minor decrease in porosity occur in disaggregation bands, while the porosity in cataclastic bands is decreased by up to 82 % with respect to the host rock. These observations are in agreement with results of existing studies (e.g. Fossen et al., 2007). Hence the cataclastic bands form a seal to fluid flow in the host rock, yet it is observed in outcrops that deformation bands can develop into open fractures which in turn increase the permeability of the rock. Breccia veins in the overlying basalts show intense fracturing where the basalt is locally fractured into elongated chips. Mineral precipitation in these breccia veins indicates a hydrothermal origin of the fluids since the precipitates consist of extremely fine-grained quartz aggregates. Secondary mineralization with large crystals indicates that a long-lived fluid circulation through tubular networks was active at a later stage, which eventually sealed the veins completely. We propose that the Etendeka basalts on top of the sandstone formation produced a localized deformation along deformation bands and heated up fluid below the lavas. At a later stage fluid pressures were either high enough to break through the basalt or fracturing due to ongoing extension produced fluid pathways. References Fossen, H., Schultz, R., Shipton, Z. and Mair, K. (2007). Deformation bands in sandstone: a review. J. Geol. Soc., 164, 755-769.

  18. [Medicine and humanism: insights of the Nürnberg city physician Theodericus Ulsenius regarding Morbus Gallicus].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santing, C G

    1995-01-01

    The Nuremberg physician and humanist Theodericus Ulsenius (c. 1460-1508) was the author of two works on the so-called Morbus Gallicus. In 1496 he published a Vaticinium in epidemicam scabiem, and he also wrote fifty aphorisms, entitled Cura mali francici. In this article I will characterize Ulsenius' ideas and compare these to the measures the Nuremberg town government took to diminish the dangerous effects of the epidemic. In the function of official town physician, Ulsenius was one of the chief advisers and executives of the Nuremberg health policy. As the 'Ratsverlässe' (records of the town-council meetings) give detailed information, the reactions of senate and physicians can be followed from day to day. The Vaticinium a poem of 100 hexameters was printed at the office of Hans Mair and presented as a pamphlet with a woodcut from the workshop of Albrecht Dürer. The verses refer to a dream of the poet, in which the God Apollo addresses him and talks about the terrible disease. The origin and symptoms of the illness are discussed extensively, in accordance with the prevailing medico-astrological conceptions. Nevertheless, the poem ist not a medical piece of work, but a literary-styled and humanistically appropriate description of the recent epidemic, meant for fellow members of the German respublica litteraria. Like most of Ulsenius' writings, the Cura mali francici only survived as a copy made by his colleague Hartmann Schedel. It seems that the author had different types of audience in mind. The aphorisms refer to the Aphorisms of his great example, the famous Ancient medical doctor Hippocrates of Kos. The addresses of the Cura are obviously medical professionals: the physician in the towns harassed by the Morbus Gallicus and especially the medical professors who hat to lecture on the new ailment.

  19. Government formation negotiations in Iceland, 1971-2007 Stjórnarmyndanir á Íslandi 1971-2007

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guðni Th. Jóhannesson

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract in English is unavailable.Eftir tólf ára tímabil viðreisnarstjórnar Sjálfstæðisflokks og Alþýðuflokks, sem lauk árið 1971, tók við óróaskeið í íslenskum stjórnmálum. Næstu tvo áratugi voru átta ríkisstjórnir við völd í landinu og stjórnarmyndanir voru nær alltaf langar og strangar; tóku að jafnaði einn til tvo mánuði í það minnsta. Árið 1991 varð hins vegar breyting á. Stjórnarskipti urðu þá hröð, sömuleiðis árið 1995 og næstu tólf ár sátu Sjálfstæðisflokkur og Framsóknarflokkur saman í stjórn - jafnlengi og viðreisnarstjórnin á sínum tíma. Stjórnarmyndunarviðræður vorið 2007 gengu jafnsnurðulaust fyrir sig og því má jafnvel ætla að verklag við stjórnarskipti hafi breyst til frambúðar. "Stjórnarkreppa", "stjórnarmyndunarviðræður" og "stjórnarmyndunarumboð" eru hugtök sem áður voru á hvers manns vörum eftir kosningar en eru nú nær horfin úr hugum landsmanna. Í þessari grein verður stiklað frá einni stjórnarmyndun til annarrar á tímabilinu. Skýringa verður leitað á því hvers vegna svo illa gekk að koma ríkisstjórnum saman áður fyrr og hvers vegna sá vandi virtist mun viðráðanlegri þegar fram liðu stundir. Einnig verður nefnt hvernig farið hefur fyrir áformum eða óskum um stjórnir "félagshyggjuflokkanna" í sambandi við stjórnarmyndanir og hvernig hlutverk forseta Íslands hefur snarminnkað við þær. Mestu rúmi er varið í umfjöllun um nýliðnar kosningar og stjórnarmyndun að þeim loknum.

  20. Unusual isotopic composition of C-CO2 from sterilized soil microcosms: a new way to separate intracellular from extracellular respiratory metabolisms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kéraval, Benoit; Alvarez, Gaël; Lehours, Anne Catherine; Amblard, Christian; Fontaine, Sebastien

    2015-04-01

    The mineralization of organic C requires two main steps. First, microorganisms secrete exoenzymes in soil in order to depolymerize plant and microbial cell walls and release soluble substrates for microbial assimilation. The second step of mineralization, during which C is released as CO2, implies the absorption and utilization of solubilized substrates by microbial cells with the aim to produce energy (ATP). In cells, soluble substrates are carried out by a cascade of respiratory enzymes, along which protons and electrons are transferred from a substrate to oxygen. Given the complexity of this oxidative metabolism and the typical fragility of respiratory enzymes, it is traditionally considered that respiration (second step of C mineralization process) is strictly an intracellular metabolism process. The recurrent observations of substantial CO2 emissions in soil microcosms where microbial cells have been reduced to extremely low levels challenges this paradigm. In a recent study where some respiratory enzymes have shown to function in an extracellular context in soils, Maire et al. (2013) suggested that an extracellular oxidative metabolism (EXOMET) substantially contributes to CO2 emission from soils. This idea is supported by the recent publication of Blankinship et al., 2014 who showed the presence of active enzymes involved in the Krebs cycle on soil particles. Many controversies subsist in the scientific community due to the presence of non-proliferating but morphologically intact cells after irradiation that could substantially contribute to those soil CO2 emissions. To test whether a purely extracellular oxidative metabolism contribute to soil CO2 emissions, we combined high doses of gamma irradiations to different time of soil autoclaving. The presence of active and non-active cells in soil was checked by DNA and RNA extraction and by electronic microscopy. None active cells (RNA-containing cells) were detectable after irradiation, but some morphological

  1. Assessment of the thermal and dynamic reaction scenarios of different permafrost typologies in the European Alps: A PermaNET initiative

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kellerer-Pirklbauer, A.

    2009-04-01

    (Murtèl/Corvatsch, Schilthorn, Matterhorn), in Germany (Zugspitze) and in France (Haute-Savoie, Rhône-Alpes, Mont Blanc massif, Combe du Laurichard, Deux-Alpes ski resort, Orelle-Plan Bouchet ski resort, Bérard valley). The study sites will be presented and some preliminary results will be discussed on the poster. (* E. Cremonese, M. Dall'Amico, P. Deline, A. Galuppo, S. Gruber, J.-M. Krysiecki, G.K. Lieb, V. Mair, M. Maukisch, U. Morra di Cella, P. Pogliotti, A. von Poschinger, L. Ravanel, C. Riedl, P. Schoeneich, R. Seppi, M. Staudinger, G. Zampedri)

  2. Greenland ice sheet hydrology: insights from an isotope mixing model during the 2011 and 2012 melt seasons

    Science.gov (United States)

    Linhoff, B.; Charette, M. A.; Butler, C. E.; Tedstone, A.; Cowton, T.; Sole, A. J.; Nienow, P. W.; Wadham, J. L.

    2012-12-01

    as recorded by satellite measurements and stream discharge measurements at our field site. These results demonstrate the intimate relationship between subglacial hydrology and glacial dynamics in the GrIS. Bartholomew, I., Nienow, P., Mair, D., Hubbard, A., King, M.A., Sole, A., 2010. Seasonal evolution of subglacial drainage and acceleration in a Greenland outlet glacier. Nat Geosci 3, 408-411.

  3. Ville et prostitution : rivales ou riveraines ? City and Prostitution: Rivals or Neighbours?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catherine Deschamps

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Sous l’égide de l’Association des maires des grandes villes de France s’est tenue à Nantes, en juin 2003, la “Première rencontre française et internationale des professionnels de la ville” intitulée Les politiques urbaines face à la prosti­tution. Mobilisation des villes pour la répression de la traite aux fins d’exploi­tation sexuelle, la prévention et l’aide aux victimes. À partir des “actes” de cette rencontre, d’une enquête de terrain, d’une revue de la littérature et de la presse quotidienne française pour l’année 2003, cet article questionne la généa­logie contemporaine de l’association de la prostitution aux villes et les raisons qui, à tort ou à raison, motivent cette association. Parmi ces raisons, se cache une instrumentalisation des plus ambiguës de la “jeune prostituée étrangère”, associée à son corps défendant à l’image d’une traite mondiale, donc tenta­culaire. La rencontre nantaise est alors, à l’échelle de la ville, l’illustration, ou la répétition, de mécanismes plus généraux.Under the aegis of the Association of mayors of major French cities, the “First French and international meeting of city professionals” was held at Nantes, in June 2003, entitled Urban policies in dealing with prostitution. The mobilization of cities in the repression of slavery for purposes of sexual exploitation, prevention and aid to victims. Based on the “acts” of this meeting, a field survey, a review of the literature and the daily French press for the year 2003, this article questions the contemporary genealogy of the association of prostitution and cities, and the reasons which, rightly or wrongly, motivate that association. Among these reasons, is hidden a most ambiguous instrumentalization of the “young foreign prostitute”, associated despite herself with the image of a worldwide, and hence tentacular, slave trade. Thus the Nantes meeting is, on a city scale, the

  4. 中国的球盖菇科(五) 广义斑褶菇属%Strophariaceae of China (Ⅴ) Panaeolus s. L.

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    图力古尔; 萨仁图雅

    2010-01-01

    通过观察吉林农业大学菌物研究所标本馆 (HMJAU)、中国科学院微生物研究所菌物标本馆 (HMAS)、广东微生物研究所标本馆 (GDGM)及作者野外采集的共180份标本的宏观形态和微观结构,对中国球盖菇科的广义斑褶菇属及其所含的灰斑褶菇属 (Copelandia Bres.)、疣孢斑褶菇属 (Panaeolina Maire)和狭义斑褶菇属 [Panaeolus (Fr.) Quél(s. str.)]进行了分类学研究,对中国分布的16个种进行了形态学描述、显微线条图绘制,并编写了分种检索表.其中,包括1个新组合:栗褶疣孢斑褶菇[Panaeolina castaneifolia (Murr.) Sarentoya et Tolgor];2个中国新记录种:热带灰斑褶菇[Copelandia tropicalis (Ola′h) Singer & R.A. Weeks]、小型斑褶菇[Panaeolus alcidis M.M. Moser];12个省级新记录种:北京新记录种硬腿斑褶菇 [Panaeolus solidipes (Peck) Sacc.],内蒙古新记录种硬腿斑褶菇 [Panaeolus solidipes (Peck) Sacc.]、锐顶斑褶菇[Panaeolus acuminatus (Schaeff.) Quél.]、黑斑褶菇[Panaeolus ater (J.E. Lange) Kühner & Romagn.]、紧缩斑褶菇[Panaeolus sphinctrinus (Fr.) Quél.]、红褐斑褶菇[Panaeolus subbalteatus (Berk. & Broome) Sacc.],吉林省新记录种半卵圆斑褶菇 [Panaeolus semiovatus(Sowerby) S. Lundell & Nannf.]、栗褶疣孢斑褶菇[Panaeolina castaneifolia (Murrill) Bon],黑龙江新记录种红褐斑褶菇[Panaeolus subbalteatus (Berk. & Broome) Sacc.],宁夏新记录种变蓝灰斑褶菇 [Copelandia cyanescens (Berk. & Broome) Singer]、锐顶斑褶菇[Panaeolus acuminatus (Schaeff.) Quél.],西藏新记录种红褐斑褶菇[Panaeolus subbalteatus (Berk. & Broome) Sacc.].

  5. Diversity of Soil Fungi in Black Soft Planted with Corn in Jilin Province%吉林黑土区玉米田土壤真菌的多样性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘淑霞; 周平; 赵兰坡; 史铭儡; 李玉; 秦治家

    2008-01-01

    在2003年4月--2004年10月,在吉林黑土区采集玉米田土壤,采用稀释平板法、土粒淋洗法和土壤平板法,选用马丁氏、查氏和PDA 3种不同培养基进行真菌的分离和培养,共分离出131个土壤真菌菌株,在查氏培养基上经形态鉴定确定25属、55种、4变种,其中吉林省新记录种14个,即点枝顶孢(Acremonium strictum W.Gams)、华丽节丛孢(Arthrobotrys superba Corda.)、扁豆枝孢(Cladosporium herbarum (Pers.)Link var.lablab Sacc.)、肉色曲霉(Aspergillus carrnus(v.Tiegh.)Thom.)、蜂蜜曲霉(Aspergillus melleus Yukawa.)、桔黑青霉(Penicillium cit-reonigrum Dierckx.)、桔青霉(Penicillium citrinum Thorn.)、项青霉(Penicil lium corylophilum Dierckx.)、微紫青霉(Penicillium janthinellum Biourge.)、托姆青霉(Penicillium thomii Maire.)、瓦克青霉(Penicillium waksmanii Zal.)、马昆德拟青霉(Paecilomyces marquandii(Mass.)Hughes.)、节状镰孢(Fusarium merismoides Corda.)和棕黑腐质霉(Humicola fuscoatra Traaen.).结果表明,青霉属(Penicillium)和曲霉属(Aspergillus)为吉林黑土区玉米田土壤真菌的优势种群;土壤真菌区系与土壤剖面层次、施肥方式和种植作物种类有关;正常施肥土壤中真菌种类多于不施肥土壤及休闲土壤,耕层土壤真菌种类多于犁底层土壤.

  6. The Impact of Biofuels on Climate Change from Marginal Land over East Asia using the RegCM4

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, J. H.

    2016-12-01

    Biofuel crop, in particular, miscanthus is a promising alternative clean energy source to fossil fuel for reducing net carbon dioxide emissions in China. However, conversion of current land use for miscanthus production is practically impossible due to intensive land use. Thus, the marginal land can be utilized as a miscanthus cropland. The impact of miscanthus crop conversion on regional climate is still unclear especially in East Asia. In this study, the ICTP Regional Climate Model Version 4.3.4 coupled with Community land model Version 3.5 including representations of carbon-nitrogen dynamics (CN) and dynamic vegetation (DV) (RegCM4.3.4-CLM3.5-CNDV) is used to investigate the impact of land use conversion of biofuel within marginal land on projected changes of regional climate over CORDEX East Asia. With boundary condition from the Era-Interim 1.5° gridded (EIN15), control and several modified experiments are conducted under different conditions of PFTs and vegetation phenology. Control run (CTL) is forced by original PFTs and LAI without any alternation. While modified experiments (double, expand) include sum of marginal land PFTs into miscanthus level, and double LAI (double) and expand LAI (expand), respectively. Differences among the experiments are compared to examine the impact of miscanthus conversion of Chinese marginal land on biogeophysical properties in land surface and consequently land-atmosphere processes over east Asia. All the modified experiments that including miscanthus land conversion represent changes of several variables such as precipitation, 2m-air temperature, ET and net radiation. The physical consistency between the variables and the impact of miscanthus land cover change within marginal land which is examined in this study will serve as one potential approach to quantify the impact of land conversion in China. Keywords: Biofuels; Miscanthus; Land use change; Regional Climate Modeling; RegCM4; East AsiaAcknowledgementsThis work was

  7. The Perovskite to Post-Perovskite phase transition in Al-bearing (Mg,Fe)SiO3: A XANES in-situ analysis at the Fe K-edge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andrault, D.; Munoz, M.; Bolfan-Casanova, N.; Guignot, N.; Perrillat, J.; Aquilanti, G.; Pascarelli, S.

    2008-12-01

    ). 4. D. Nishio-Hamane, T. Nagai, K. Fujino, Y. Seto, N. Takafuji, Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L16306 (2005). 5. W. L. Mao et al., PNAS 101, 15867 (2004). 6. J. P. Brodholt, A. R. Oganov, personal communication. 7. S. Ono, A. R. Oganov, T. Koyama, H. Shimizu, Earth Planet. Sci. 246, 326 (2006). 8. N. Guignot, D. Andrault, G. Morard, M. Mezouar, Earth Planet. Sci. 256, 162 (2007). 9. E. Schultz et al., High Press. Res. 25, 71 (2005). 10. S. Pascarelli, O. Mathon, M. Muñoz, T. Mairs, J. Susini, J. Synch. Rad. 13, 351 (2006). 11. M. Muñoz et al., Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems 7, Q11020 (2006).

  8. Jurassic to Present Evolution of the Arctic Ocean Region: Questions for IPY

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawver, L. L.; Gahagan, L. M.; Childers, V. A.; Brozena, J. M.; Grantz, A.

    2007-12-01

    In 1955, Carey first suggested a rotational opening of the Arctic Ocean based on his theories concerning oroclinal bending. It was only with the plate tectonic revolution in the next decade that there were a number of seminal abstracts and papers concerning the tectonic evolution of the Canada Basin. Grantz in 1966, Hamilton in 1967 and Tailleur in 1969 formulated the idea that the Canada Basin may have opened about a pivot point in the Mackenzie Delta. In 1968, Karasik first published his revolutionary idea that aeromagnetic anomalies collected over the Gakkel Ridge in the Eurasian Basin suggested that seafloor spreading during the Tertiary accounted for most of the oceanic crust between the Lomonosov Ridge and the Barents and Kara shelves. From the results of the 1979 Lomonosov Ridge experiment by Forsyth and Mair, it was established that the deep crustal velocities of the Lomonosov Ridge are remarkably similar to those of the Kara Sea shelf at 82°N, making it a continental sliver that rifted off the Barents and Kara Sea shelves. Consequently, the Arctic Ocean can be divided into a mostly Tertiary to present Eurasian Basin, and the older Mesozoic Amerasian Basin. Even with additional data from the Amerasian Basin including extensive airborne, ship-based, and satellite magnetics and gravity, the tectonic evolution of the Canada and Makarov components of the Amerasian Basin are still controversial. While the final phase of opening of the Amerasian Basin may have been rotational about a pivot point near or south of the Mackenzie Delta, the earlier phases and even the directions of the initial basin formation are still in doubt. Vogt and others first suggested a possible hotspot origin for the Alpha and Mendeleev Ridges and related them to the Iceland hotspot. Age versus depth and heat flow versus depth give a tentative age for the Amerasian Basin of latest Jurassic to early Cretaceous with seafloor spreading ending prior to the beginning of the Cretaceous Normal

  9. Rising CO2 widens the transpiration-photosynthesis optimality space

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Boer, Hugo J.; Eppinga, Maarten B.; Dekker, Stefan C.

    2016-04-01

    ). Measurements of gs and V cmax were obtained with a portable photosynthesis system. Our empirical results support the prediction that the V cmax:gs-ratio increases with higher CO2 in both Solanum genotypes. The 'dry' genotype revealed a significantly higher Huber value and lower V cmax than the 'wet' genotype at each CO2 growth level. Moreover, we found that the down-regulation of V cmax under higher CO2 was stronger in the 'dry' genotype than in the 'wet' genotype, whereas no change in the Huber value was observed between CO2 levels. Consistent with the theoretical trade-off between the resulting costs of transpiration and photosynthesis, we found that the CO2-induced increase in the V cmax:gs-ratio was stronger in the 'wet' genotype than in the 'dry' genotype. Given the divergence of V cmax:gs relationships observed, we conclude that rising atmospheric CO2 may widen the V cmax - gs optimality space available for plants to achieve an optimal trade-off between photosynthesis and transpiration. References Prentice, I. C., Dong, N., Gleason, S. M., Maire, V. and Wright, I. J.: Balancing the costs of carbon gain and water transport: testing a new theoretical framework for plant functional ecology, Ecol. Lett., 17(1), 82-91, 2014.

  10. A new rock glacier inventory of the Lombardy, Central Alps, Italy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scotti, R.; Brardinoni, F.; Alberti, S.; Frattini, P.; Crosta, G. B.

    2012-04-01

    lower limit, sets respectively at 2590 m a.s.l. and 2200 m a.s.l. for intact and relict types. The majority of the inventoried landforms sits within the 2000-2500 m (53 %) and 2500-3000 m (39%) elevations belts. In order to explore potential lithologic controls on rock glacier abundance, we calculate surface ratios across major lithological categories. This attribute for a given lithology is the ratio between the combined surface of the inventoried landforms and the relevant terrain surface over the 1460 m a.s.l. (i.e. minimum elevation of the lowest relict rock glacier). Higher rock glacier densities are found in intrusive (0.032) and metamorphic (0.031) rocks, followed by extrusive (0.017) and sedimentary ones (0.012). This inventory represents a necessary preliminary step for modelling the spatial distribution of permafrost at the regional scale. We believe the inventory integrates well with prior and ongoing research on the cryosphere of the Alps. In particular, our research effort fills a strategic geographic gap in the context of the PermaNET initiative. - Cremonese, E., Gruber, S., Phillips, M., Pogliotti, P., Boeckli, L., Noetzli, J., Suter, C., Bodin, X., Crepaz, A., Kellerer-Pirklbauer, A., Lang, K., Letey, S., Mair, V., Morra di Cella, U., Ravanel, L., Scapozza, C., Seppi, R., and Zischg, A. 2011, Brief Communication: "An inventory of permafrost evidence for the European Alps", The Cryosphere Discuss., 5, 1201-1218. - Scapozza, C., Mari, S. 2010, Catasto, caratteristiche e dinamica dei rock glaciers delle Alpi Ticinesi. Bollettino della società ticinese di Scienze Naturali - 98, 2010 pp 15-29.

  11. 青藏高原东部三种再分析资料与地面气温观测资料的对比分析%Preliminary Comparison and Analyses of Air Temperature at 2m Height between Three Reanalysis Data-Sets and Observation in the East of Qinghai-Xiang Plateau

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李瑞青; 吕世华; 韩博; 高艳红

    2012-01-01

    with time.Another conclusion is that the quality of 2mair temperature from the reanalysis data is partly effected by ENSO,East Asian and plateau monsoons.

  12. Crush-2: Communicating research through a science-art collaboration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mair, K.; Barrett, N.; Schubnel, A. J.; Abe, S.

    2011-12-01

    Historically, the Earth's environment and dynamics have influenced and inspired the arts. Art in turn is a powerful vehicle for expression of the natural world. It lends itself to public presentation in many forms and appeals to a diverse audience. Science-art collaborations provide a unique opportunity to connect with the public by taking science out of the classroom and into museums, galleries and public spaces. Here we investigate the use of contemporary digital sound-art in communicating geoscience research to the general public through the installation Crush-2. Crush-2, is an interactive sound-art installation exploring the microscopic forces released during the crushing of rock. Such processes have a strong influence on the sliding behaviour and hence earthquake potential of active faults. This work is a collaboration between sound artist and composer Natasha Barrett (Oslo) and geoscientists Karen Mair (University of Oslo), Alexandre Schubnel (Ecole Normale Superieure, Paris) and Steffen Abe (RWTH Aachen). Using a sonification technique, Barrett has assigned sound recorded from rocks, of different pitches, timbres and durations, to individual fracturing events produced in our 3D fault fragmentation models and laboratory rock breaking experiments. In addition, ultrasonic acoustic emissions recorded directly in the laboratory are made audible for our hearing and feature in the work. The installation space comprises a loudspeaker array and sensor enabled helmet with wireless headphones. By wearing the helmet, moving and listening, the audience explores an artistic interpretation of the scientific data in physical space. On entering the space, one is immediately immersed in a 3D cacophony of sound. Sustained or intermittent pings, burrs, plops and tingles jostle for position in our heads whilst high pitched delicate cascades juxtapose with deep thunder like rumbles. Depending on the user's precise path through the soundscape, the experience changes accordingly

  13. Plasma Heating in Highly Excited GaN/AlGaN Multiple Quantum Wells

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Botchkarev, A; Chow, W W; Jiang, H X; Lin, J Y; Mair, R; Morkoc, H; Zeng, K C

    1998-10-09

    Plasma Heating in Highly Excited GaN/AIGaN Multiple Quantum @@lvEu Wells w f + 1998 %p, K. C. Zeng, R. Mair, J. Y. Liz and H. X. Jiang a) ` fabrication and understanding of MQW lasers [2-5]. For the design of these lasers, one on RT optical studies. Our results revealed that in the GaN/AIGaN MQWS, plasma heating strongly effects the carrier distribution between the confined and unconfined band-to-band and fke excitonic transitions [7]. In the MQW sample under low the unconfined states as determined from the band structure. sample under high Lxc, we varied the excitation intensity by one order of magnitude from 0.110 to IO. The carrier density is estimated to be about N=1012/cm2 (at UC= 0.1 Io) to 1013/cm2 (at 1=== l.). We plotted the PL spectra for four representative excitation fimction of injected carrier density N (open squares). The ratio starts at a value of about 18% for N=1012/cm2 (& = O. lb), and reaches a value over 64 `XO for N=1013/cm2 (& = regions is a loss to optical gain. The carrier density is ve~ high in our experiment and an electron-hole plasma (EHP) state is expected. Because the carrier transfer process plasma temperature. The laser pump energy is about 4.3 eV, which is far above the energy band gap of the sample studied here. This may result in a hot carrier population carrier densities and plasma temperatures. Using a phenomenological expression based The calculated ratio of carriers in the unconfked to the confined states (Ima~ kf) as a finction of carrier density at different temperatures are plotted in Fig. 3 (solid lines). The figure shows that the experiment results can only be explained by plasma heating of the injected carriers at high & ( TP > TJ. The transparency carrier densities for GaN/AIXGal.XN MQW structures with well thickness from 2 to 4 nm were calculated to be around 1x 1012/cm2 [10]. It is thus obvious from Fig. 3 that under high carrier injection density above the transparency density, the plasma temperature, TP, is no

  14. Villes indiennes sous tutelle ? Une réflexion sur les échelles de gouvernance à partir des cas de Mumbai et Hyderabad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Loraine Kennedy

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available De manière croissante, les décideurs politiques en Inde perçoivent le rôle crucial des villes dans l’économie nationale et les politiques actuelles menées par les États régionaux reflètent cette prise de conscience. Basée sur les cas proches, sans être entièrement comparables, d’Hyderabad et de Mumbai, cette recherche montre que les gouvernements des États ont adopté des stratégies de croissance centrée sur la ville, à l’instar des tendances internationales. Cela soulève la question du rééchelonnage des instances décisionnelles et de l’essor de l’émergence politique des régions métropolitaines. Après l'examen détaillé des stratégies de développement économique et urbain adoptées à Mumbai et à Hyderabad, cet article défend l’idée que les grandes villes indiennes n’ont pas une position suffisamment solide pour revendiquer un poids politique vis-à-vis de leur gouvernement régional et ne sont pas armées pour s'engager sérieusement dans la construction d’une action collective à l’échelle métropolitaine. Il convient de souligner cette déconnexion paroxystique entre les fonctions politiques et économiques, dans la mesure où cela marque une différence de degré avec l’expérience européenne récente. La subordination politique des collectivités locales urbaines en Inde est aggravée par le caractère traditionnellement centralisateur des institutions politiques, la faiblesse relative des institutions locales de gouvernance (en termes de mandat et de ressources fiscales, l'absence de maires puissants et la quasi-inexistence de statut politique de la plupart des régions métropolitaines. En outre, échafauder un plan stratégique qui tienne compte de la croissance économique, de la justice sociale et de l’environnement est une tâche herculéenne, particulièrement dans une société plurielle. Ainsi, dans les deux villes les processus en cours sont conflictuels et empreints de

  15. Mathematical and numerical aspects of low mach number flows

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schochet, St.; Bresch, D.; Grenier, E.; Alazard, T.; Gordner, A.; Sankaran, V.; Massot, M.; Sery, R.; Pebay, P.; Lunch, O.; Mazhorova, O.; Turkel, O.E.; Faille, I.; Danchin, R.; Allain, O.; Birken, P.; Lafitte, O.; Kloczko, T.; Frick, W.; Bui, T.; Dellacherie, S.; Klein, R.; Roe, Ph.; Accary, G.; Braack, M.; Picano, F.; Cadiou, A.; Dinescu, C.; Lesage, A.C.; Wesseling, P.; Heuveline, V.; Jobelin, M.; Weisman, C.; Merkle, C.

    2004-07-01

    diphasic system (S. DELLACHERIE); a preconditioning technique for biphasic flows with interfaces (C. DINESCU, B. LEONARD, C. HIRSCH); two models for the simulation of multiphase flows in oil and gas pipelines (I. FAILLE); physics and insects require compressible low Mach number flow (W. FRICK); multigrid for low mach number flows including acoustic modes (A. GORDNER); adaptive finite element method for low mach number flows (V. HEUVELINE); using multiple scales asymptotics in the construction of low Mach number numerics (R. KLEIN); a matrix-free implicit method for flows at all speeds (T. KLOCZKO, A. BECCANTINI, C. CORRE); linear growth rate for the quasi-isobaric ablation front model of Kull-Anisimov (O. LAFITTE); augmented projection methods for incompressible and dilatable flows (J. CLATCHE, M. JOBELIN, C. LAPUERTA, P. ANGOT, B. PIAR); a numerical accuracy study for level set formulations (A.C. LESAGE, O. ALLAIN, A. DERVIEUX) 3D computer simulation of convective instability in the multicomponent solution (O. MAZHOROVA, V. KOLMYCHKOV, Y. POPOV, P. BONTOUX, M. El GANAOUI); multicomponent reactive flows: symmetrization and the low Mach number limit (M. MASSOT, V. GIOVANGIGLI); computation of low mach number flows with a generalized Gibbs relation (C.L. MERKLE, V. SANKARAN, D. LI); a Mach-uniform pressure correction algorithm (K. NERINCK, J. VIERENDEELS, E. DICK); application of Turkel preconditioning method in external free convection and incompressible flows (T.H. NGUYEN-BUI, B. DUBROCA, P.H. MAIRE); a half-explicit, non-split projection method for low mach number flows (P.P. PEBAY, H. N. NAJIM, J. POUSIN); combustion in low Mach number isotropic turbulence (F. PICANO, P. GUALTIERI, B. FAVINI); calculation of low Mach number acoustics: a comparison of MPV, EIF and linearized Euler equations (S. ROLLER, T. SCHWARTKOFF, M. DUMBSER, C.D. MUNZ) comparison of pressure-based and density-based methods for low Mach number CFD computations (V. SANKARAN, C. MERKLE); the

  16. Influence of elastomeric seal plate surface chemistry on interface integrity in biofouling-prone systems: Evaluation of a hydrophobic "easy-release" silicone-epoxy coating for maintaining water seal integrity of a sliding neoprene/steel interface

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andolina, Vincent L.

    Attenuated Internal Reflection (MAIR-IR) and Microscopic Infrared Spectroscopy for organic surface compositional details, light microscopy for wear area quantification, and profilometry for surface roughness estimation and wear depth quantification. Pin-on-disc dynamic Coefficient of Friction (CoF) measurements provided data relevant to forecasts of seal integrity in dry, wet and biofouling-influenced sliding contact. Actual wear of neoprene seal material against uncoated and coated steel surfaces, wet and dry, was monitored after both rotary and linear cyclic wear testing, demonstrating significant reductions in elastomer wear areas and depths (and resultant volumes) when the coating was present. Coating the steel eliminated a 270% increase in neoprene surface area wear and an 11-fold increase in seal abrasive volume loss associated with underwater rusting in rotary experiments. Linear testing results confirm coating efficacy by reducing wear area in both loading regimes by about half. No coating delamination was observed, apparently due to a differential distribution of silicone and epoxy ingredients at the air-exposed vs. steel-bonded interfaces demonstrated by IR and EDS methods. Frictional testing revealed higher Coefficients of Friction (CoF) associated with the low-speed sliding of Neoprene over coated rather than uncoated steel surfaces in a wet environment, indicating better potential seal adhesion between the hydrophobic elastomer and coating than between the elastomer and intrinsically hydrophilic uncoated steel. When zebra mussel biofouling debris was present in the articulating joints, CoF was reduced as a result of a water channel path produced between the articulating surfaces by the retained biological matter. Easier release of the biofouling from the low-CST coated surfaces restored the seal integrity more rapidly with further water rinsing. Rapid sliding diminished these biofouling-related differences, but revealed a significant advantage in reducing the Co

  17. Mathematical and numerical aspects of low mach number flows

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schochet, St.; Bresch, D.; Grenier, E.; Alazard, T.; Gordner, A.; Sankaran, V.; Massot, M.; Sery, R.; Pebay, P.; Lunch, O.; Mazhorova, O.; Turkel, O.E.; Faille, I.; Danchin, R.; Allain, O.; Birken, P.; Lafitte, O.; Kloczko, T.; Frick, W.; Bui, T.; Dellacherie, S.; Klein, R.; Roe, Ph.; Accary, G.; Braack, M.; Picano, F.; Cadiou, A.; Dinescu, C.; Lesage, A.C.; Wesseling, P.; Heuveline, V.; Jobelin, M.; Weisman, C.; Merkle, C.

    2004-07-01

    diphasic system (S. DELLACHERIE); a preconditioning technique for biphasic flows with interfaces (C. DINESCU, B. LEONARD, C. HIRSCH); two models for the simulation of multiphase flows in oil and gas pipelines (I. FAILLE); physics and insects require compressible low Mach number flow (W. FRICK); multigrid for low mach number flows including acoustic modes (A. GORDNER); adaptive finite element method for low mach number flows (V. HEUVELINE); using multiple scales asymptotics in the construction of low Mach number numerics (R. KLEIN); a matrix-free implicit method for flows at all speeds (T. KLOCZKO, A. BECCANTINI, C. CORRE); linear growth rate for the quasi-isobaric ablation front model of Kull-Anisimov (O. LAFITTE); augmented projection methods for incompressible and dilatable flows (J. CLATCHE, M. JOBELIN, C. LAPUERTA, P. ANGOT, B. PIAR); a numerical accuracy study for level set formulations (A.C. LESAGE, O. ALLAIN, A. DERVIEUX) 3D computer simulation of convective instability in the multicomponent solution (O. MAZHOROVA, V. KOLMYCHKOV, Y. POPOV, P. BONTOUX, M. El GANAOUI); multicomponent reactive flows: symmetrization and the low Mach number limit (M. MASSOT, V. GIOVANGIGLI); computation of low mach number flows with a generalized Gibbs relation (C.L. MERKLE, V. SANKARAN, D. LI); a Mach-uniform pressure correction algorithm (K. NERINCK, J. VIERENDEELS, E. DICK); application of Turkel preconditioning method in external free convection and incompressible flows (T.H. NGUYEN-BUI, B. DUBROCA, P.H. MAIRE); a half-explicit, non-split projection method for low mach number flows (P.P. PEBAY, H. N. NAJIM, J. POUSIN); combustion in low Mach number isotropic turbulence (F. PICANO, P. GUALTIERI, B. FAVINI); calculation of low Mach number acoustics: a comparison of MPV, EIF and linearized Euler equations (S. ROLLER, T. SCHWARTKOFF, M. DUMBSER, C.D. MUNZ) comparison of pressure-based and density-based methods for low Mach number CFD computations (V. SANKARAN, C. MERKLE); the

  18. Ferdinand Buisson (1841-1932 educador e pacifista: as influências libertárias de James Guillaume e Paul Rodin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martine Brunet

    2012-07-01

    dans le domaine religieux, politique et pédagogique; ces trois domaines se sont interpénétrés tout au long de sa vie. Très tôt il entre dans la vie publique et il se fait remarquer par des prises de positions radicales contre la guerre en participant aux premiers congres de Ia Ligue de la Paix et de la Liberté en Suisse. Des Ia chute de l'Empire, il participe à Ia vie poli tique du 17° arrondissement de Paris, dont l' adjoint au maire est l'anarchiste Benoit Malon. Il s'engage dans Ia Garde Nationale, il participe activement aux initiatives politiques et sociales de Ia municipalité, il est cofondateur d'un journal anarchiste Lu République des Travailleurs avec Aristide Rey, les freres Reclus et Benoit Malon. C'est dans Ia tourmente de la guerre, d'un Siege de Paris qu'il crée un orphelinat. Cet établissement lai'que reçoit des subsides de l'Internationale et donne une éducation intégrale issue des idées de I'anarchiste Paul Robin. Apres Ia défaite de la Commune, l'orphelinat est transféré à Cempuis dans l’Oise. En 1879, Ferdinand Buisson nommé directeur de l'enseignement primaire fait appel à Paul Robin pour diriger l'orphelinat selon ses méthodes libertaires. L'établissement et son directeur sont pris violemment à partis par les catholiques réactionnaires. l'expérience de Cempuis est finie en 1894. Mots-clé: éducation libertaire, liberté, internationale. 

  19. Southwest Ethnic Literature of China in English-speaking World---An Interview with Professor Mark Bender of Ohio University, USA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    MARK Bender(interviewee); HUANG Li(interviewer)

    2014-01-01

    because nowadays Chinese authors have produced so many literary works , and it's impossible for only a few individuals to translate them into English . So, we need cooperation , we need groups to do the translation together . In the United States more and more scholars have begun to read and do research on Chinese ethnic authors; Alai and Jidimajia are the ones they study more .Mark says that the journal , Chi-na Literature Today had some theses about Chinese ethnic author's works . He wrote a paper which made a comparison between Akuwuwu and Simon Pokagon, a Native American Indian author .The opinions of the Native Indian author can give us some insight on Yi authors ’ writings.In addition, Victor Mair and he have cooperated to publish a book concerning Chinese folk literature , the Co-lumbia Anthology of Chinese Folk and Popular Lit-erature .In this book , Chinese folk stories , both those of the Han , as well as ethnic folk and popu-lar stories, are put together as a whole .Ethnic folk literature is a significant part of Chinese literature . This book is used by some universities as textbook for Chinese folk literature courses , and it is helpful for the university students to know something about the ethnic culture of China .Mark even mentions that once they had a discussion on the populariza-tion of Chinese ethnic poems among American readers, and they thought most important were the translations and introductions by the scholars . Professor Mark also emphasizes the necessity for the ethnic scholars to construct literary theories of their own .Native American Indian groups in the United States are doing this research now , and it is possible for the Chinese ethnic scholars to do this work.They are familiar with western contemporary literary theories , so they can borrow something from the western theories to combine them with their own traditional ones .In this way , they can construct their own theories to do research on their own literary works .It is a good way

  20. Water Level Variations of Yamzho Yumco Lake in Tibet and the Main Driving Forces%1974-2009年西藏羊卓雍错湖泊水位变化分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    除多; 普穷; 旺堆; 米玛次仁; 拉巴卓玛; 张雪芹; 孙瑞

    2012-01-01

    果电站不能蓄水与发电并举,达不到总体不消耗羊湖水量的设计目标和水量平衡,对羊湖水位的影响将不可忽视.%There are over 1 000 lakes on the Tibetan Plateau (TP) and their areas account for 49.5% of the total lake area in China. Lakes on the TP play critical roles in the water cycle and ecological and environment systems of the Plateau. A better understanding of lake variations on the Tibetan Plateau is important for evaluating climate change and regional environment consequence under global warming. In this paper, the water level variations of Yamzho Yumco Lake, a representative inland lake and one of three holy lakes on the TP and scenic spot located at southern TP, and correlations with main climate variables (precipitation, temperature, and evaporation etc. ) are analyzed using hydrological and meteorological data from 1974 to 2009 in Baidi Hydrological Station within Yamzho Yumco Lake basin. The results show that annual mean water level of the lake is 19.06 m and the highest level reaches to 21.37 m in 1980 with the lowest level record of 17.08 m in 2009. Water level of the lake generally has been decreasing sincel974 when hydrological record started. In detail, annual water level was decreasing from 1974-1977 with the mean annual decreasing rate (MADR) of 0.26 m/year, and increasing from 1977 to 1980 with the mean annual increasing rate (MAIR) of 0.4 m/year. The highest historical water level recorded in 1980. The significant decreasing trend occurred from 1980 to 1996 with MADR of 0. 21 m/year. 1996 is an increasing turning point for water level changes until 2004. since 2004 there has been a obvious decreasing trend until 2009 with MADR of 0. 57 m/year. For the annual water level changes from 1974 to 2009, the decreasing period of time is 56% of the total hydraulically record time and the increasing period of time is 44% of the total hydraulically record time. From 1974 to 1984 and 2001 to 2005 the water level is above

  1. Foreword

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boutron, Claude; Ferrari, Christophe

    2003-05-01

    Informatique, Biologie et Médecine, et Sciences de la Terre et de l'Univers. Il y a deux grandes Universités Scientifiques de renommée internationale: l'Université Joseph Fourier (UJF) et l'Institut National Polytechnique de Grenoble (INPG). Il y a aussi d'importants laboratoires de différents organismes publics français et européen comme le Commissariat à l'Énergie Atomique (CEA), le Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), l'Institut Laue Langevin (ILL), l'European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF) et l'Institut de Radio-Astronomie Millimètrique (IRAM). C'est aussi le lieu d'implantation de nombreuses sociétés de haute technologie comme Hewlett Packard, ST Microelectronics, Schneider Electric and SGS-Thomson. Il a à Grenoble une longue tradition de recherches dans le domaine des métaux lourds dans l'environnement, notamment au Laboratoire de Glaciologie et Géophysique de l'Environnement et au Laboratoire de Géophysique Interne et Tectonophysique. Ces deux volumes regroupent les articles issus de communication présentées aussi bien au cours des sessions orales que des sessions posters. Ces articles sont classés selon l'ordre alphabétique du nom de famille du premier auteur. Nous remercions vivement les auteurs pour l'excellente qualité de ces articles. Nous remercions aussi tout particulièrement Isabelle Houlbert et Laurence Castagné pour leur collaboration. Nous aimerions aussi remercier les membres du comité d'organisation ainsi que Jerome Nriagu (organisateur de la 11e conférence) pour l'aide apportée à l'organisation de cette conférence. Nous remercions aussi tout spécialement Christine Echevet qui n'a pas ménagé ses efforts pour faire de cette conférence un succés, ainsi que de nombreux collègues du Laboratoire de Glaciologie et Géophysique de l'Environnement, en particulier Jocelyne Roquemora. Nous tenons également à remercier le Président de Grenoble Alpes Métropole et le Maire de la Ville de Grenoble pour leur

  2. Validation of Urinary Glycosaminoglycans in Iranian patients with Mucopolysaccharidase type I: The effect of urine sedimentation characteristics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad ABDI

    2014-12-01

    dimethylmethylene blue and Berry spot tests. Clinica chimica acta; international journal of clinical chemistry. 2004 Jul;345(1-2:135-40.Mahalingam K, Janani S, Priya S, Elango EM, Sundari RM. Diagnosis of mucopolysaccharidoses: how to avoid false positives and false negatives. Indian J Pediatr. 2004 Jan;71(1:29-32.de Jong JG, Wevers RA, Laarakkers C, Poorthuis BJ. Dimethyl methylene blue-based spectrophotometry of glycosaminoglycans in untreated urine: a rapid screening procedure for mucopolysaccharidoses. Clinical chemistry. 1989 Jul;35(7:1472-7.Panin G, Naia S, Dall’Amico R, Chiandetti L, Zachello F, Catassi C, et al. Simple spectrophotometric quantification of urinary excretion of glycosaminoglycan sulfates. Clinical chemistry. 1986 Nov;32(11:2073-6.Byers S, Rozaklis T, Brumfield LK, Ranieri E, Hopwood JJ. Glycosaminoglycan accumulation and excretion in the mucopolysaccharidoses: characterization and basis of a diagnostic test for MPS. Molecular genetics and metabolism. 1998 Dec;65(4:282-90.Carson NA, Neill DW. Metabolic abnormalities detected in a survey of mentally backward individuals in Northern Ireland. Archives of disease in childhood. 1962 Oct;37:505-13.Huang KC, Sukegawa K, Orii T. Screening test for urinary glycosaminoglycans and differentiation of various mucopolysaccharidoses. Clinica chimica acta; international journal of clinical chemistry. 1985 Sep 30;151(2:147-56.Chih-Kuang C, Shuan-Pei L, Shyue-Jye L, Tuen-Jen W. MPS screening methods, the Berry spot and acid turbidity tests, cause a high incidence of false-negative results in sanfilippo and morquio syndromes. Journal of clinical laboratory analysis. 2002;16(5:253-8.Gallegos-Arreola MP, Machorro-Lazo MV, Flores-Martinez SE, Zuniga-Gonzalez GM, Figuera LE, Gonzalez-Noriega A, et al. Urinary glycosaminoglycan excretion in healthy subjects and in patients with mucopolysaccharidoses. Archives of medical research. 2000 Sep-Oct;31(5:505-10.Piraud M, Maire I, Mathieu M. Pitfalls of screening for mucopolysaccharidoses

  3. An Integrated Biochemistry Laboratory, Including Molecular Modeling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, Adele J. Wolfson Mona L.; Branham, Thomas R.

    1996-11-01

    ' work; point out any problems in organization or grammar; and suggest the steps necessary to complete the paper. They then go over the peer review form with the writer, referring any questions or disagreements to the instructor. It is most helpful if the instructor can also read and comment on the draft. General comments on the level of detail included and any problems with the reasoning come more appropriately from the instructor than from peers. The paper is then revised and handed in on the following week. The final draft is accompanied by a summary of revisions and copies of all peer reviews. Students are graded on peer reviews and summaries of revisions and cover letters, as well as on the final paper. Acknowledgments The molecular modeling workstations and associated software were purchased with funding from NSF, Instrumentation and Laboratory Improvement program, grant DUE-9350843 to AJW, with matching funds from Wellesley College. Some of the equipment for protein purification was funded by a grant from the Howard Hughes Medical Institute to Wellesley College. The authors are grateful to Paul Reisberg for helpful discussions in the early stages of this project and to Margaret Merritt for a critical review of the manuscript. Literature Cited 1. Blake, C. C. F.; Jonhson, L. N.; Mair, G. A.; North, A. C. T.; Phillips. D. C.; Sarma, V. R. Proc. Roy. Soc. London Ser. B 1967, 167, 378 - 388. 2. Hendrickson, H. S.; Giannini, J. L.; Bergstrom, J. P.; Johnson, S. N.; Leland, P. A. Biochem. Educ. 1995, 23, 14 - 17. 3. Miranker, A., Robinson, C. V.; Radford, S. E.; Aplin, R. T.; Dobson, C. M. Science 1993, 262, 896 - 900. 4. Turner, M. A.; Howell, P. L. Prot. Sci. 1995, 4, 442 - 449. 5. Radmacher, M.; Fritz, M.; Hansma, H. G.; Hansma, P. Science 1994, 265, 1577 - 1579. 6. Shugar, D. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1952, 8, 302 - 309. 7. Bradford, M. M. Anal. Biochem. 1976, 72, 248 - 254. 8. Strang, R. H. C. In Practical Biochemistry for Colleges; Wood, E. J., Ed.; Pergamon: Oxford