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Sample records for laparoscopic renal surgery

  1. Open surgery versus retroperitoneal laparoscopic nephrectomy for renal tuberculosis: a retrospective study of 120 patients

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    Su Zhang

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Background Laparoscopic renal surgery has been widely used in the treatment of renal diseases. However, there is still little research about its application in addressing renal tuberculosis. The purpose of this study is to retrospectively investigate the surgical results of laparoscopic and open surgery for nonfunctional tuberculous kidneys. Methods Between May 2011 and June 2016, 120 nephrectomies were performed in patients with a nonfunctional tuberculous kidney. Of these, 69 patients underwent retroperitoneal laparoscopic nephrectomy, and 51 patients underwent open nephrectomy. Data about the patients’ characteristics and surgical outcomes were collected from their electronic medical records. Outcomes were compared between these two groups. Results Our results showed that a number of renal tuberculosis patients presented no significant symptoms during their disease. Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS were the most common at a rate of 73/120, followed by flank pain or accidently discovery (66/120, urine abnormality (30/120 and fever (27/120. Patients who underwent open surgery were similar to laparoscopic patients with regard to sex, BMI, location, previous tuberculous history, grade, anemia, adhesion, hypertension, diabetes and preoperative serum creatinine level, but were generally older than laparoscopic patients. There were no significant differences between open and laparoscopic surgery in estimated blood loss, transfusion, postoperative hospital days and perioperative complication rate. However, the median operation time of laparoscopic operation was much longer than open surgery (180 [150–225] vs 135 [120–165] minutes, P < 0.01. Seven of the 69 laparoscopic operations were converted to open surgery because of severe adhesions. Conclusion Laparoscopic nephrectomy is as an effective treatment as open surgery for a nonfunctional tuberculous kidney, although it requires more time during the surgical procedure. No significant

  2. Report of an unusual renal mass:Primary renal lympho-ma---Difficult procedure for laparoscopic surgery

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Seyedeh Atefeh Emadi; Marzieh Akbarpour; Shahram Azhdari

    2008-01-01

    Lymphomas form a heterogenous group of clonal(neoplastic)diseases.Primary renal lymphoma(PRL)is rare. Diagnosis of primary renal lymphoma is important for the patients to receive appropriate therapy.Laparoscopic nephrectomy should be the standard procedure in most cases of both malignant and benign,renal tumors with the possible exception of tumor >10cm.Probably this case report of laparoscopic surgery of primary renal lym-phoma is the first report of this kind and may be useful for the other laparoscopic surgeons.A 53 years-old man with unilateral primary renal lymphoma who had a history of renal colic and ESWL(Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy)of the left kidney stone 3 years ago,he underwent laparoscopic radical left nephrectomy and chem-otherapy.The patient was monitored for follow up for 4 months and had a significant improvement.Although treatment of lymphoma is now guided by phenotype of tumor,we found that appropriate treatment is possible af-ter radical nephrectomy and assessment of pathology.Renal lesions may compeletly regress by appropriate treatment.There was not any report of laparoscopic surgery of PRL in our literature.We are reporting the first case of successful laparoscopic surgery of PRL successfully.

  3. Open surgery versus retroperitoneal laparoscopic nephrectomy for renal tuberculosis: a retrospective study of 120 patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Su; Luo, You; Wang, Cheng; Xiong, Hu; Fu, Sheng-Jun; Yang, Li

    2016-01-01

    Laparoscopic renal surgery has been widely used in the treatment of renal diseases. However, there is still little research about its application in addressing renal tuberculosis. The purpose of this study is to retrospectively investigate the surgical results of laparoscopic and open surgery for nonfunctional tuberculous kidneys. Between May 2011 and June 2016, 120 nephrectomies were performed in patients with a nonfunctional tuberculous kidney. Of these, 69 patients underwent retroperitoneal laparoscopic nephrectomy, and 51 patients underwent open nephrectomy. Data about the patients' characteristics and surgical outcomes were collected from their electronic medical records. Outcomes were compared between these two groups. Our results showed that a number of renal tuberculosis patients presented no significant symptoms during their disease. Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) were the most common at a rate of 73/120, followed by flank pain or accidently discovery (66/120), urine abnormality (30/120) and fever (27/120). Patients who underwent open surgery were similar to laparoscopic patients with regard to sex, BMI, location, previous tuberculous history, grade, anemia, adhesion, hypertension, diabetes and preoperative serum creatinine level, but were generally older than laparoscopic patients. There were no significant differences between open and laparoscopic surgery in estimated blood loss, transfusion, postoperative hospital days and perioperative complication rate. However, the median operation time of laparoscopic operation was much longer than open surgery (180 [150-225] vs 135 [120-165] minutes, P treatment as open surgery for a nonfunctional tuberculous kidney, although it requires more time during the surgical procedure. No significant differences in other surgical outcomes were observed.

  4. Laparoscopic Surgery

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    ... surgeon’s perspective, laparoscopic surgery may allow for easier dissection of abdominal scar tissue (adhesions), less surgical trauma, ... on Facebook About ACG ACG Store ACG Patient Education & Resource Center Home GI Health and Disease Recursos ...

  5. Laparoscopic surgery for renal stones: is it indicated in the modern endourology era?

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    Andrei Nadu

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: To report the outcomes of laparoscopic surgery combined with endourological assistance for the treatment of renal stones in patients with associated anomalies of the urinary tract. To discuss the role of laparoscopy in kidney stone disease. Materials and Methods: Thirteen patients with renal stones and concomitant urinary anomalies underwent laparoscopic stone surgery combined with ancillary endourological assistance as needed. Their data were analyzed retrospectively including stone burden, associated malformations, perioperative complications and outcomes. Results: Encountered anomalies included ureteropelvic junction obstruction, horseshoe kidney, ectopic pelvic kidney, fussed-crossed ectopic kidney, and double collecting system. Treatment included laparoscopic pyeloplasty, pyelolithotomy, and nephrolithotomy combined with flexible nephroscopy and stone retrieval. Intraoperative complications were lost stones in the abdomen diagnosed in two patients during follow up. Mean number of stones removed was 12 (range 3 to 214. Stone free status was 77% (10/13 and 100% after one ancillary treatment in the remaining patients. One patient had a postoperative urinary leak managed conservatively. Laparoscopic pyeloplasty was successful in all patients according to clinical and dynamic renal scan parameters. Conclusions: In carefully selected patients, laparoscopic and endourological techniques can be successfully combined in a one procedure solution that deals with complex stone disease and repairs underlying urinary anomalies.

  6. Dopamine infusion and fluid administration improve renal function during laparoscopic surgery.

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    Russo, A; Bevilacqua, F; Scagliusi, A; Scarano, A; Di Stasio, E; Marana, R; Marana, E

    2014-04-01

    Previous studies have documented the negative influence of pneumoperitoneum on cardiac and renal function during laparoscopy. In this respect, regard there is a lack of data regarding the use of an appropriate management of fluid therapy to decrease these side effects. The aim of this study was to investigate the cardiac and renal responses to the administration of different amounts of crystalloid solution, alone or in association with dopamine during laparoscopy. Sixty ASA I patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery for endometriosis were randomly assigned to three groups. Group A was given saline solution at 5 mL/kg/h; group B received saline solution at 5 mL/kg/h and dopamine 3 mg/kg/min, and group C received saline solution at 10 mL/kg/h. Patients received A, B or C perioperatively. Renal function was evaluated by assessing total intraoperative diuresis and estimated glomerular filtration rate. Vasopressin plasmatic levels before and after surgery were measured. Transthoracic echocardiography was performed to estimate left ventricular filling pressure by using Tissue Doppler Imaging and registering the E/Ea ratio every hour after pneumoperitoneum. Total intraoperative diuresis was impaired in group A and significantly increased in group C (Pdopamine slightly affected this parameter. A low rate of saline infusion could lead to an impaired renal function during laparoscopic surgery. This could be prevented by increasing the amount of saline solutions infused per hour or by adding a dopamine infusion.

  7. Training in laparoscopic renal surgery, in a few weeks of intense exposure.

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    Hennayake, S; Jayawardhena, D; Kumara, S; Sakelaris, G

    2005-08-01

    Laparoscopic renal surgery has only recently become popular in the UK and, still, only a handful of pediatric urologists are offering the laparoscopic approach to their patients; therefore, there are only limited places available for training in this discipline. In this institution, which is a major tertiary referral center for pediatric urology having four consultants, one urologist specializes in laparoscopic renal surgery and about 50 laparoscopic ablative renal surgical procedures are performed annually. The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of the training provided, for three trainees, in light of the complexity of the ablative procedures performed. Patients who required laparoscopic ablative renal surgery from June 2003 to May 2004 were identified from the prospectively maintained database and data were analyzed. During this period of 12 months, 49 operations have been performed laparoscopically. There were three trainees, A, B and C, who joined the mentor, at different times, for a continuous period of 6, 12 and 6 weeks, respectively. The training was one to one and, at an appropriate level of expertise, the trainees were allowed to perform operations independently; they continued to do so after returning to their units. There were 22 males and 27 females, age ranging from 8 months to 16 years (mean 3.6 years). There were 25 nephrectomies, 23 via the prone retroperitoneal (PRP) approach and two via the transperitoneal (TP) approach; the mean time taken was 70 min. There were 12 nephroureterectomies, six via the PRP, three via the TP, and the other three via the lateral retroperitoneal (LRP) approach; the mean time taken was 100 min. There were 10 heminephroureterectomies (six upper pole and four lower pole), six via the PRP, three via the TP and one via the LRP approach; the mean time taken was 160 min. Of two bilateral nephrectomies one was via the PRP and one the TP approach, and the mean time taken was 170 min. The mean time to

  8. Specimen processing during laparoscopic renal surgery: a review of techniques and technologies

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    Saleh Binsaleh

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Laparoscopic surgery has well-defined benefits for patients and has become accepted over time as a standard access strategy for the management of benign and malignant urologic diseases. Unlike in open surgery, the surgeon is often faced with the additional challenges of specimen retrieval and extraction at the end of laparoscopic extirpative procedures. This final step often requires significant laparoscopic skill to entrap and safely extract the laparoscopic specimens. Failure to apply safe exit steps at the end of a laparoscopic procedure may lead to significant morbidity. The aim of this review is to explore the different techniques and technologies available for laparoscopic kidney retrieval, entrapment and safe extraction.

  9. Laparoscopic Spine Surgery

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  10. Single incision laparoscopic surgery

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Arun; Prasad

    2010-01-01

    As a complement to standard laparoscopic surgery and a safe alternative to natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery,single incision laparoscopic surgery is gaining popularity.There are expensive ports,disposable hand instruments and flexible endoscopes that have been suggested to do this surgery and would increase the cost of operation.For a simple surgery like laparoscopic cholecystectomy,these extras are not needed and the surgery can be performed using standard ports,instruments and telescopes.Tri...

  11. Ergonomics in Laparoscopic Surgery

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    Supe Avinash; Kulkarni Gaurav; Supe Pradnya

    2016-01-01

    Laparoscopic surgery provides patients with less painful surgery but is more demanding for the surgeon. The increased technological complexity and sometimes poorly adapted equipment have led to increased complaints of surgeon fatigue and discomfort during laparoscopic surgery. Ergonomic integration and suitable laparoscopic operating room environment are essential to improve efficiency, safety, and comfort for the operating team. Understanding ergonomics can not only make life of surgeon comf...

  12. Ergonomics in laparoscopic surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Supe Avinash

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Laparoscopic surgery provides patients with less painful surgery but is more demanding for the surgeon. The increased technological complexity and sometimes poorly adapted equipment have led to increased complaints of surgeon fatigue and discomfort during laparoscopic surgery. Ergonomic integration and suitable laparoscopic operating room environment are essential to improve efficiency, safety, and comfort for the operating team. Understanding ergonomics can not only make life of surgeon comfortable in the operating room but also reduce physical strains on surgeon.

  13. Laparoscopic Surgery - What Is It?

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    ... Surgery - What is it? Laparoscopic Surgery - What is it? Laparoscopic Surgery - What is it? | ASCRS WHAT IS LAPAROSCOPIC SURGERY? Laparoscopic or “minimally ... information about the management of the conditions addressed. It should be recognized that these brochures should not ...

  14. Laparoscopic renal surgery in infants and children: is it a feasible and safe procedure for all pediatric age groups?

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    Francisco T. Denes

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available PURPOSE: Although laparoscopy is considered the mainstay for most renal procedures in adults, its role in the pediatric population is still controversial, especially for smaller children. We reviewed our experience in pediatric renal laparoscopic surgery in three pediatric age groups in an attempt to identify if age has an impact on feasibility and surgical outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From November 1995 to May 2006, 144 pediatric laparoscopic renal procedures were performed at our institution. The charts of these patients were reviewed for demographic data, urologic pathology and surgical procedure, as well as perioperative complications and post-operative outcomes. The findings were stratified into 3 groups, according to patient age (A: < 1 year, B: 1 to 5 years and C: 6-18 years. RESULTS: Median age of the patients was 4.2 years (42 days - 18 years. We performed 54 nephrectomies, 33 nephroureterectomies, 19 upper pole nephrectomies, 11 radical nephrectomies, 22 pyeloplasties and 4 miscellaneous procedures. The 3 age groups were comparable in terms of the procedures performed. Conversion rates were 0%, 1.4% and 1.9% for groups A, B and C, respectively (p = 0.72. Incidence of perioperative complications was 5%, 8.2% and 7.8% for age groups A to C, respectively (p = 0.88. CONCLUSIONS: Most renal procedures can be performed safely by laparoscopy in the pediatric population, with excellent aesthetic and functional outcomes. The morbidity related to the procedure was minimal irrespective of the age group.

  15. Study on the influence of retroperitoneal laparoscopic surgery for the body antioxidant capacity and pain stress state of patients with localized renal carcinoma

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    Yang-Tao Xu; Yan Pan; Zhi-Qing Sun; Chen-Xi Liu

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To study and analyze the influence of retroperitoneal laparoscopic surgery for the body antioxidant capacity and pain stress state of patients with localized renal carcinoma. Methods:A total of 56 patients with localized renal carcinoma in our hospital from January 2014 to August 2015 who were treated with surgery were divided into two groups according to the differences of surgery, 28 cases in control group were treated with open surgery, 28 cases in observation group were treated with retroperitoneal laparoscopic surgery, then the related indexes of antioxidant capacity and pain stress state of two groups before the surgery and at first, fifth and tenth day after the surgery were compared. Results:The related indexes of antioxidant capacity and pain stress state of two groups before the surgery all had no significant differences, while the related indexes of antioxidant capacity and pain stress state of observation group at first, fifth and tenth day after the surgery were all better than those of control group, the differences were all significant. Conclusion:The influence of retroperitoneal laparoscopic surgery for the body antioxidant capacity and pain stress state of patients with localized renal carcinoma is more active, so it is more suitable for the treatment of localized renal carcinoma.

  16. Laparoscopic Renal Cryoablation

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    Schiffman, Marc; Moshfegh, Amiel; Talenfeld, Adam; Del Pizzo, Joseph J.

    2014-01-01

    In light of evidence linking radical nephrectomy and consequent suboptimal renal function to adverse cardiovascular events and increased mortality, research into nephron-sparing techniques for renal masses widely expanded in the past two decades. The American Urological Association (AUA) guidelines now explicitly list partial nephrectomy as the standard of care for the management of T1a renal tumors. Because of the increasing utilization of cross-sectional imaging, up to 70% of newly detected renal masses are stage T1a, making them more amenable to minimally invasive nephron-sparing therapies including laparoscopic and robotic partial nephrectomy and ablative therapies. Cryosurgery has emerged as a leading option for renal ablation, and compared with surgical techniques it offers benefits in preserving renal function with fewer complications, shorter hospitalization times, and allows for quicker convalescence. A mature dataset exists at this time, with intermediate and long-term follow-up data available. Cryosurgical recommendations as a first-line therapy are made at this time in limited populations, including elderly patients, patients with multiple comorbidities, and those with a solitary kidney. As more data emerge on oncologic efficacy, and technical experience and the technology continue to improve, the application of this modality will likely be extended in future treatment guidelines. PMID:24596441

  17. SINGLE INCISION LAPAROSCOPIC SURGERY: USE OF CONVENTIONAL LAPAROSCOPIC INSTRUMENTS IN SINGLE INCISION LAPAROSCOPIC SURGERY: OUR EXPERIENCE

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    Haridarshan Sira

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND Laparoscopic surgery has undergone several modifications since its advent. There has been a shift from a standard multiport approach to more minimalistic approaches. SILS is a major step in this evolutionary process. We present our experience with SILS using conventional laparoscopic instruments and without the need for a SILS port. METHODS 211 patients in Fortis Hospitals, Bangalore, India, who underwent SILS for various abdominal conditions from May 2009 to May 2011 were included in the study. Variables such as operating time, conversion to multi-port laparoscopy or open surgery, complications, analgesia requirements and hospital stay were included. RESULTS 211 patients underwent SILS using conventional laparoscopic instruments for Gallstones, Appendicitis, Morbid Obesity, Gynaecological conditions and Renal cysts. Average age group was 48.5 years; mean duration of hospital stay was 46.5 hours; 166 Laparoscopic cholecystectomies were done, out of which 47 were acute cholecystitis. There were no cases converted to open surgeries. CONCLUSION Single Incision Laparoscopic surgery is technically feasible and as effective as conventional laparoscopic surgery. It is a safe procedure and provides an advantage with regards to analgesia requirement, length of hospital stay and early return to work. Cosmetically, it is superior to multiport laparoscopy.

  18. Laparoscopic reintervention in colorectal surgery.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Broek, RP Ten; Goor, H. van

    2008-01-01

    Laparoscopic colorectal surgery has developed in the 1990's and beginning of 2000. The favourable results and great progress in the development of laparoscopic techniques have expanded the indications of laparoscopic colorectal surgery. More and more complicated colorectal cases are treated laparosc

  19. Obesity in laparoscopic surgery.

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    Afors, K; Centini, G; Murtada, R; Castellano, J; Meza, C; Wattiez, A

    2015-05-01

    Since the 1980s, minimally invasive techniques have been applied to an increasing number and variety of surgical procedures with a gradual increase in the complexity of procedures being successfully performed laparoscopically. In the past, obesity was considered a contraindication to laparoscopy due to the higher risk of co-morbid conditions such as diabetes, hypertension, coronary artery disease and venous thromboembolism. Performing laparoscopic gynaecological procedures in morbidly obese patients is no longer a rare phenomenon; however, it does necessitate changes in clinical practice patterns. Understanding of the physiological changes induced by laparoscopy, particularly in obese patients, is important so that these may be counteracted and adverse outcomes avoided. Laparoscopy in obese patients confers certain advantages such as shorter hospital stay, less post-operative pain and fewer wound infections. In addition to these benefits, minimal-access surgery has been demonstrated as safe and effective in obese patients; however, specific surgical strategies and operative techniques may need to be adopted. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  20. [Laparoscopic surgery for esophageal achalasia].

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    Ozawa, S; Ando, N; Ohgami, M; Kitagawa, Y; Kitajima, M

    2000-04-01

    Laparoscopic surgery for esophageal achalasia was first reported by Shimi et al. in 1991. Subsequently the procedure has been performed all over the world and laparoscopic Heller myotomy and Dor fundoplication (Heller and Dor operation) is now thought to be the operation of first choice. It is indicated for patients who are resistant to medical therapy (calcium blocker etc.) or have pneumatic dilatation and those with frequent aspiration at night. As Csendes et al. reported that surgical treatment was better than pneumatic dilatation and as laparoscopic surgery is less invasive, the indications for the laparoscopic Heller and Dor operation can include all achalasia patients except those who respond to medical therapy, do not accept surgery, or cannot tolerate surgery. We successfully performed the laparoscopic Heller and Dor operation on 22 patients, all of whom had an uneventful postoperative course. Manometric evaluation, endoscopic examination, and 24-hour pH monitoring showed good results. There are six important technical points: 1) flexible laparoscopy; 2) pneumoperitoneum; 3) gauze in the abdominal cavity to absorb blood; 4) laparosonic coagulating shears; 5) extracorporeal knot-tying technique; and 6) intracorporeal knot-tying technique. If an experienced surgeon is in charge, the laparoscopic Heller and Dor operation is an ideal, minimally invasive treatment for esophageal achalasia.

  1. Surgical packages for laparoscopic surgery

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    Bhattacharya K

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available ′Packages′ are in fashion today for most surgical procedures in various corporate hospitals and this has included laparoscopic procedures too. A package system enables the hospitals to get cost settlements done more easily. Also, it is more convenient for the patients who are aware upfront of the charges. The principal disadvantages seems to be for the surgeon, who may face displeasure of the patient, hospital or insurance agencies apart from forfeiting his personal charges if (a he is a novice in laparoscopic surgery and takes extra time to complete a procedure, (b unforeseen problems occur during surgery, or (c new pathologies are discovered on exploration.

  2. [Laparoscopic surgery in ectopic pregnancy].

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    Rachev, E; Novachkov, V

    1995-01-01

    The authors present two cases of women with unruptured tubal pregnancies who were treated by methods of laparoscopic surgery. A salpingotomy as well as an aspiration of the pregnancy was performed. The operations reported are the first in gynaecological practice in Bulgaria and the operative technique is described.

  3. Using a laparoscope manipulator (LAPMAN) in laparoscopic gynecological surgery.

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    Polet, Roland; Donnez, Jaques

    2008-01-01

    The LAPMAN (Medsys, Gembloux, BELGIUM) is a dynamic laparoscope holder guided by a joystick clipped onto the laparoscopic instruments under the index finger of the operator. It confers optimal control of the visual field while operating, ensures stable and smooth displacement of the laparoscope, and allows the operator to work in conditions of restricted surgical assistance, due to either unavailability of staff or economic constraints. It has been tested successfully in pilot studies in laparoscopic gynecologic surgery.

  4. Port-site metastasis as a primary complication following retroperitoneal laparoscopic radical resection of renal pelvis carcinoma or nephron-sparing surgery: A report of three cases and review of the literature

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    WANG, NING; WANG, KAI; ZHONG, DACHUAN; LIU, XIA; SUN, JI; LIN, LIANXIANG; GE, LINNA; YANG, BO

    2016-01-01

    The present study reports the clinical data of two patients with renal pelvis carcinoma and one patient with renal carcinoma who developed port-site metastasis following retroperitoneal laparoscopic surgery. The current study aimed to identify the cause and prognosis of the occurrence of port-site metastasis subsequent to laparoscopic radical resection of renal pelvis carcinoma and nephron-sparing surgery. Post-operative pathology confirmed the presence of high-grade urothelial cell carcinoma in two patients and Fuhrman grade 3 renal clear cell carcinoma in one patient. Port-site metastasis was initially detected 1–7 months post-surgery. The two patients with renal pelvis carcinoma succumbed to the disease 2 and 4 months following the identification of the port-site metastasis, respectively, whereas the patient with renal carcinoma survived with no disease progression during the targeted therapy period. The occurrence of port-site metastasis may be attributed to systemic and local factors. Measures to reduce the development of this complication include strict compliance with the operating guidelines for tumor surgery, avoidance of air leakage at the port-site, complete removal of the specimen with an impermeable bag, irrigation of the laparoscopic instruments and incisional wound with povidone-iodine when necessary, and enhancement of the body's immunity. Close post-operative follow-up observation for signs of recurrence or metastasis is essential, and systemic chemotherapy may be required in patients with high-grade renal pelvis carcinoma and renal carcinoma in order to prolong life expectancy. PMID:27313720

  5. Single port laparoscopic surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Springborg, Henrik; Istre, Olav

    2012-01-01

    LESS, or laparo-endoscopic single site surgery, is a promising new method in minimally invasive surgery. An increasing number of surgical procedures are being performed using this technique, however, its large-scale adoption awaits results of prospective randomized controlled studies confirming...... potential benefits. Theoretically, cosmetic outcomes, postoperative pain and complication rates could be improved with use of single site surgery. This study describes introduction of the method in a private hospital in Denmark, in which 40 patients have been treated for benign gynecologic conditions...

  6. LAPAROSCOPIC GYNAEC SURGERIES – A RETROSPECTIVE STUDY

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    Hiremath

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT : BACKGROUND: There has been a rapid worldwide adoption of laparoscopic procedures across many surgical specialt ies, most notably in Gynaecology. Unfortunately, the increased adoption of laparoscopic surgery has also been accompanied by a corresponding rise in the rates and types of complications reported. AIMS : To audit the different types of laparoscopic surgerie s and their complications and comparison with other routes of surgery. METHODS & MATERIALS : We have retrospectively analysed 285 laparoscopic surgeries and 306 other routes of surgery which were done at our institute from July 2011 to April 2013.We admit t he patients 1 - 2 days prior to surgery and a complete medical work - up of the patient is done for elective laparoscopic surgery .We defer laparoscopy for malignant conditions, uterine size more than 20 weeks, cervix flushed to the vagina or with history of m ore than 2 pelvic surgeries. Sub - fertile women, after an initial workup, are subjected to diagnostic laparoscopy with chromopertubation. For laparoscopic cystectomies, patients with ultrasono graphy findings suggestive of benign tumours are selected. RESULT S : We have performed 285 laparoscopic procedures over this time period till date. Majority of these cases are Laparoscopic Assisted Vaginal Hysterectomies (LAVH [111 – 38.9%], followed by laparoscopic surgeries for various benign ovarian conditions ( BOC [62 – 21%] and Diagnostic Laparoscopies ( DL with or without laparoscopic ovarian drilling ( LOD [59 cases – 20.7%]. Out of 111 LAVH, 3 patients had bladder injury [2.7%] ; Out of 285 cases that underwent laparoscopic procedures, 5 [1.75%] required conversi on to laparotomy. Overall operative complications including major and minor, are significantly higher in the abdominal surgery group as compared to the laparoscopic group ( p value= 0.001 CONCLUSION : Laparoscopy is a safe route for conventional surgery, with lesser intraoperative, immediate post

  7. Laparoscopic Anti-Reflux (GERD) Surgery

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  8. Laparoscopic bilateral nephroureterectomy and bladder cuff excision for native renal pelvic and ureteral transitional cell carcinoma after renal transplantation.

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    Chen C

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available A 37-years-old female who was suffering from end-stage renal disease for about 6 years received allograft renal transplantation 4 years ago. She has been receiving 50mg of Cyclosporin A orally daily for immuno-suppression since then. Gross haematuria was noted and computerised tomography showed native left renal pelvic and ureteral multi-focal transitional cell carcinoma with severe hydronephrosis. Laparoscopic bilateral nephroureterectomy and bladder cuff excision were performed. In the past, history of previous operation was considered a relative contraindication for laparoscopic surgery. To our knowledge, we present the first case of laparoscopic treatment for native renal pelvic and ureteral transitional cell carcinoma after renal allograft transplantation without a hand-assisted device. This case shows the feasibility of laparoscopic bilateral nephroureterectomy in patients with transplanted kidneys.

  9. Laparoscopic revolution in bariatric surgery

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    Sundbom, Magnus

    2014-01-01

    The history of bariatric surgery is investigational. Dedicated surgeons have continuously sought for an ideal procedure to relieve morbidly obese patients from their burden of comorbid conditions, reduced life expectancy and low quality of life. The ideal procedure must have low complication risk, both in short- and long term, as well as minimal impact on daily life. The revolution of laparoscopic techniques in bariatric surgery is described in this summary. Advances in minimal invasive techniques have contributed to reduced operative time, length of stay, and complications. The development in bariatric surgery has been exceptional, resulting in a dramatic increase of the number of procedures performed world wide during the last decades. Although, a complex bariatric procedure can be performed with operative mortality no greater than cholecystectomy, specific procedure-related complications and other drawbacks must be taken into account. The evolution of laparoscopy will be the legacy of the 21st century and at present, day-care surgery and further reduction of the operative trauma is in focus. The impressive effects on comorbid conditions have prompted the adoption of minimal invasive bariatric procedures into the field of metabolic surgery. PMID:25386062

  10. Hand-assisted laparoscopic surgery using Gelport

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    Gupta Puneet

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Minimally invasive surgery has revolutionized general surgery during the past 10 years. However, for more advanced surgical procedures, the acceptance of the minimally invasive approach has been slower than expected. Advanced laparoscopic surgery is complex and time-consuming. The major drawbacks of laparoscopic surgery are two-dimensional view, lack of depth perception and loss of tactile sensation. This has led to the innovation of hand-assisted laparoscopic surgery (HALS. The objective of the present study was to determine that safety of HALS. Materials and Methods: We preformed 18 HALS procedures in our department between July 2003 and January 2005 on patients who had given their informed consent for the use of Gelport. Out of these, 15 were colectomy, 2 nephrectomy and 1 splenectomy. Out of the 18 patients, 13 were males and 5 were females with the age group ranging from 44 to 72 years. Results: Hand-assisted laparoscopic surgery could be completed in 17 patients maintaining all the oncological principals of surgery. The mean operating times were 120 min for right haemicolectomy, 135 min for left colectomy, 150 min for splenectomy, and 150 min for nephrectomy. The patient undergoing radical nephrectomy by HALS had to be converted to open surgery. As the tumour was large and adherent to the spleen and posterior peritoneal wall. Postoperative recovery was excellent with an average hospital stay of 5 days. Histopathology report showed wide clearance and till date we have a good follow up of 30-380 days. Conclusion: Hand-assisted laparoscopic surgery allows tactile sensation and depth perception thereby may simplify the complex procedures. This may result in reduction of operating time and conversion rates at the same time maintaining all the oncological principles. Hand-assisted laparoscopic surgery strikes a perfect balance between an extended open laparotomy incision and an excessively tedious laparoscopic exercise. Hand

  11. Imaging findings of biliary and nonbiliary complications following laparoscopic surgery

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    Choi, Jin-Young; Kim, Joo Hee; Lim, Joon Seok; Oh, Young Taik; Kim, Ki Whang [Yonsei University College of Medicine, Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Seoul (Korea); Yonsei University College of Medicine, Research Institute of Radiological Science, Seoul (Korea); Kim, Myeong-Jin [Yonsei University College of Medicine, Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Seoul (Korea); Yonsei University College of Medicine, Brain Korea 21 Project for Medical Science, Seoul (Korea); Yonsei University College of Medicine, Research Institute of Radiological Science, Seoul (Korea); Yonsei University College of Medicine, Institute of Gastroenterology, Seoul (Korea); Park, Mi-Suk [Yonsei University College of Medicine, Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Seoul (Korea)

    2006-09-15

    Laparoscopic techniques are evolving for a wide range of surgical procedures although they were initially confined to cholecystectomy and exploratory laparoscopy. Recently, surgical procedures performed with a laparoscope include splenectomy, adrenalectomy, gastrectomy, and myomectomy. In this article, we review the spectrum of complications and illustrate imaging features of biliary and nonbiliary complications after various laparoscopic surgeries. Biliary complications following laparoscopic cholecystectomy include bile ductal obstruction, bile leak with bile duct injury, dropped stones in the peritoneal cavity, retained CBD stone, and port-site metastasis. Nonbiliary complications are anastomotic leakage after partial gastrectomy, gangrenous cholecystitis after gastrectomy, hematoma at the anastomotic site following gastrectomy, gastric infarction after gastrectomy, port-site metastasis after gastrectomy, hematoma after splenectomy, renal infarction after adrenalectomy, and active bleeding after myomectomy of the uterus. (orig.)

  12. Retroperitoneal and transperitoneal laparoscopic cryotherapy for small renal masses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Domínguez, A; Bellido, J A; Muñoz-Rodríguez, J; Abascal-Junquera, J M; Hannaoui, N; Banús, J M

    2015-11-01

    Cryotherapy is a minimally invasive ablative technique that is considered an alternative to conventional surgery for preserving renal function in small renal tumors and in selected cases. We present our results from laparoscopic renal cryotherapy. We retrospectively analyzed 17 renal tumors diagnosed in 16 patients treated with cryotherapy. The patients' mean age was 66 years (43-80). The mean tumor size was 1.8cm (0.7-3.7cm). Cryotherapy with double-freeze cycle was performed laparoscopically in all cases (10 by transperitoneal approach and 7 by retroperitoneal approach). Perioperative biopsies were performed on all patients and were positive for malignancy in 10 cases (59%). The mean stay was 2.8 days. The mean operative time was 162 minutes. Only 1 case reverted to open surgery due to bleeding. One patient required a blood transfusion in the immediate postoperative period. The majority of complications were Clavien-Dindo grades I and II. Some 76.5% of the patients had no complications. After a mean follow-up of 31 months (6-102), 1 patient died from nontumor-related causes, and 12 patients (75%) still show no evidence of local recurrence or progression. One patient had tumor persistence and therefore underwent partial nephrectomy at 6 months. One patient had a metachronous recurrence in the same kidney at 36 months, and another patient had a recurrence at 23 months. Laparoscopic renal cryotherapy is a safe and feasible technique and is a good alternative to surgery for selected renal tumors. Copyright © 2015 AEU. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  13. Laparoscopic and open surgery for pheochromocytoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mala Tom

    2001-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Backround Laparoscopic adrenalectomy is a promising alternative to open surgery although concerns exist in regard to laparoscopic treatment of pheocromocytoma. This report compares the outcome of laparoscopic and conventional (open resection for pheocromocytoma particular in regard to intraoperative hemodynamic stability and postoperative patient comfort. Methods Seven patients laparoscopically treated (1997–2000 and nine patients treated by open resection (1990–1996 at the National Hospital (Rikshospitalet, Oslo. Peroperative hemodynamic stability including need of vasoactive drugs was studied. Postoperative analgesic medication, complications and hospital stay were recorded. Results No laparoscopic resections were converted to open procedure. Patients laparoscopically treated had fewer hypertensive episodes (median 1 vs. 2 and less need of vasoactive drugs peroperatively than patients conventionally operated. There was no difference in operative time between the two groups (median 110 min vs. 125 min for adrenal pheochromocytoma and 235 vs. 210 min for paraganglioma. Postoperative need of analgesic medication (1 vs. 9 patients and hospital stay (median 3 vs. 6 days were significantly reduced in patients laparoscopically operated compared to patients treated by the open technique. Conclusion Surgery for pheochromocytoma can be performed laparoscopically with a safety comparable to open resection. However, improved hemodynamic stability peroperatively and less need of postoperative analgesics favour the laparoscopic approach. In experienced hands the laparoscopic technique is concluded to be the method of choice also for pheocromocytoma.

  14. Peritoneal changes due to laparoscopic surgery.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brokelman, W.J.; Lensvelt, M.M.A.; Borel Rinkes, I.H.; Klinkenbijl, J.H.G.; Reijnen, M.M.P.J.

    2011-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic surgery has been incorporated into common surgical practice. The peritoneum is an organ with various biologic functions that may be affected in different ways by laparoscopic and open techniques. Clinically, these alterations may be important in issues such as peritoneal met

  15. Peritoneal changes due to laparoscopic surgery.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brokelman, W.J.; Lensvelt, M.M.A.; Borel Rinkes, I.H.; Klinkenbijl, J.H.G.; Reijnen, M.M.P.J.

    2011-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic surgery has been incorporated into common surgical practice. The peritoneum is an organ with various biologic functions that may be affected in different ways by laparoscopic and open techniques. Clinically, these alterations may be important in issues such as peritoneal

  16. Single-port laparoscopic surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsai, Anthony Y; Selzer, Don J

    2010-01-01

    Laparoscopic surgery performed through a single-incision is gaining popularity. The demand from the public for even less invasive procedures will motivate surgeons, industry, and academic centers to explore the possibilities and refine the technology. Although the idea seems quite attractive, there are several technological obstacles that are yet to be conquered by improved technology or additional training. The question of safety has yet to be answered and will require well-designed randomized control trials. Opponents to the approach argue that the size of the single incision (see Table 1) is frequently larger than all the standard laparoscopy incisions combined. On the other hand, proponents remember a similar argument from traditional open surgeons during the initial development of laparoscopy. That argument was quickly discredited when the immediate benefits oflaparoscopy were compared with patients undergoing surgery with small laparotomy incisions. During the development of a new technique, the learning curve exposes patients to risk and society to expense. LESS pioneers appear to have reached a level of comfort with technology and techniques that paves the way for scientific scrutiny. Perhaps, the surgical community will capitalize on this situation with randomized, controlled studies and sound evidence to support or refute the benefits of LESS. If we do not seize this opportunity, patient demand and industry's dual edge message of financial success versus fear of losing referrals will lead to a scenario similar to the development of laparoscopic cholecystectomy in the 1990s. Regardless of its future, the surgical community will still benefit from a renewed excitement as surgeons aim to continually reduce the amount of pain and trauma our patients must endure. In addition, technological advances on instrumentation will benefit the field of laparoscopy and improve patient care.

  17. COMPLICATIONS IN LAPAROSCOPIC GYNECOLOGIC SURGERY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冷金花; 朗景和; 黄荣丽; 刘珠凤; 孙大为

    2000-01-01

    Objective. To investigate retrospectively the complications and associated factors of gynecological laparescopies.Methods. 1769 laparoscopic surgeries were carried out from January 1994 to October 1999 at our department. The procedures included 1421 surgeries of ovary and tube, 52 myomectomies and 296 cases of laproscopic-assisted vaginal hysterectomy (LAVH). A total of 312 patients had a history of prior laparotomy (17.6%). Results. Complications occured in 34 cases, the overall complication rate was 1.92%. Unintended laparotomies occured in 6 cases(0.34% ). 12 complications were associated with insertion of Veress needle or trocar and creation of pneumoperitoneum, including 5 severe emphysema and 7 vascular injuries, this figure represents 35.3% of all complications of this series. Five intraopemtive complications (14.7 % ) occured during the laparescopic surgery (3 severe bleedings, one bladder injury and one skin bum of leg caused by damaged electrode plate), laparotomy was re-quired in four of these cases. Seventeen complications occured during postoperative stage: 2 intraperitoneal hemor-rhages needing laparotomy, 2 bowel injuries, 4 nerve paresis and 9 febrile morbidities. Cordusions. Operative gynecologic laparoscopy is associated with acceptable morbidity rate, but can not be over-looked. Complication rate seems to be higher in advanced procedures such as LAVH.

  18. Laparoscopic surgery for early endometrial cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bennich, Gitte; Rudnicki, M.; Lassen, P. D.

    2016-01-01

    IntroductionThe purpose of the present study was to evaluate learning curves and short-term outcomes following laparoscopic surgery for early endometrial cancer in women of different body mass index (BMI) classes. Material and methodsData from 227 women planned for laparoscopic surgery for presumed...... stage I endometrial cancer were collected retrospectively from a Danish gynecologic oncology unit. Surgery included laparoscopic hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy with or without pelvic lymphadenectomy (PLA). ResultsMedian length of operations was 60 min (range, 30-197) and 120 min (range...... peri- and postoperative outcomes were independent of BMI classes. ConclusionsOur data suggest that laparoscopic surgery for early endometrial cancer is feasible and safe. With increasing surgeon's experience there is a significant decrease in operative time and increase in the number of lymph nodes...

  19. An overview of laparoscopic colorectal surgery

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    Laparoscopic skills has been widely applied in colorectal surgery. The definition, indications and contraindications, the oncologic principles, port side recurrence, and the newer advances are reported in this article .

  20. Single incision laparoscopic hepatectomy: Advances in laparoscopic liver surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tayar Claude

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Laparoscopic liver surgery is now an established practice in many institutions. It is a safe and feasible approach in experienced hands. Single incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS has been performed for cholecystectomies, nephrectomies, splenectomies and obesity surgery. However, the use of SILS in liver surgery has been rarely reported. We report our initial experience in seven patients on single incision laparoscopic hepatectomy (SILH. Patients and Methods: From October 2010 to September 2012, seven patients underwent single-incision laparoscopic liver surgery. The abdomen was approached through a 25 mm periumbilical incision. No supplemental ports were required. The liver was transected using a combination of LigaSure TM (Covidien-Valleylab. Boulder. USA, Harmonic Scalpel and Ligaclips (Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.. Results: Liver resection was successfully completed for the seven patients. The procedures consisted of two partial resections of segment three, two partial resections of segment five and three partial resections of segment six. The mean operative time was 98.3 min (range: 60-150 min and the mean estimated blood loss was 57 ml (range: 25-150 ml. The postoperative courses were uneventful and the mean hospital stay was 5.1 days (range: 1-13 days. Pathology identified three benign and four malignant liver tumours with clear margins. Conclusion: SILH is a technically feasible and safe approach for wedge resections of the liver without oncological compromise and with favourable cosmetic results. This surgical technique requires relatively advanced laparoscopic skills. Further studies are needed to determine the potential advantages of this technique, apart from the better cosmetic result, compared to the conventional laparoscopic approach.

  1. Renal artery injury during robot-assisted renal surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Jae Won; Yoon, Young Eun; Kim, Dae Keun; Park, Sung Yul; Moon, Hong Sang; Lee, Tchun Yong

    2010-07-01

    Laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN) is becoming the standard of care for incidentally diagnosed, small renal tumors. With its seven degrees of freedom and three-dimensional vision, the DaVinci robotic surgical system has been used to assist in LPNs. The main disadvantage of robot-assisted surgery, however, is the lack of tactile feedback. We present a case of renal artery injury during robot-assisted renal surgery. Robot-assisted partial nephrectomy (RPN) was planned for 47-year-old man with a 3.5-cm right renal mass. After standard bowel mobilization, renal hilar dissection was performed. In the attempt to complete the dissection posteriorly, however, there was sudden profuse bleeding. The intraperitoneal pressure immediately increased to 20 mm Hg, and an additional suction device was inserted through the 5-mm liver retractor port. On inspection, there was an injury at the takeoff of the posterior segmental artery. A decision was made to convert to robot-assisted laparoscopic radical nephrectomy. The main renal artery and renal vein were controlled with Hem-o-Lok clips. The estimated blood loss was 2,000 mL. Four units of packed red blood cells were transfused intraoperatively. The post-transfusion hemoglobin level was 12.6 g/dL. There were no other perioperative complications. The surgeon should keep in mind that the robotic arms are very powerful and can easily injure major vessels because of lack of tactile feedback. A competent and experienced tableside surgeon is very important in robot-assisted surgery because the unsterile console surgeon cannot immediately react to intraoperative complications.

  2. Safe laparoscopic colorectal surgery performed by trainees

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Langhoff, Peter Koch; Schultz, Martin; Harvald, Thomas

    2013-01-01

    for the technique to spread. We routinely plan all operations as laparoscopic procedures and most cases are done by supervised trainees. The present study therefore presents the results of operations performed by trainees compared with results obtained by experienced laparoscopic surgeons.......Laparoscopic surgery for colorectal cancer is safe, but there have been hesitations to implement the technique in all departments. One of the reasons for this may be suboptimal learning possibilities since supervised trainees have not been allowed to do the operations to an adequate extent...

  3. Features of laparoscopic surgery in children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. О. Makarova

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Aim. In order to determine contemporary opportunities, efficacy and safety of laparoscopic surgery in children, literature overview regarding this topic was conducted. Methods and results. Among the advantages of minimally invasive surgical techniques there are: stress reduction, good cosmetic results, reduced need for postoperative pain relief, fewer postoperative complications, shorter duration of hospital stay. The article highlights some of the issues of laparoscopic treatment of appendicitis, inguinal hernia, ureterohydronephrosis and other pathologies. Considering the physiological effects resulting from the laparoscopic techniques usage, the attention to the peculiarities of anesthesia was drawn.

  4. Laparoscopic surgery compared with open surgery decreases surgical site infection in obese patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Shabanzadeh, Daniel M; Sørensen, Lars T

    2012-01-01

    : To compare surgical site infections rate in obese patients after laparoscopic surgery with open general abdominal surgery.......: To compare surgical site infections rate in obese patients after laparoscopic surgery with open general abdominal surgery....

  5. Emphysematous cholecystitis successfully treated by laparoscopic surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katagiri, Hideki; Yoshinaga, Yasuo; Kanda, Yukihiro; Mizokami, Ken

    2014-01-01

    Emphysematous cholecystitis (EC) is an uncommon variant of acute cholecystitis, which is caused by secondary infection of the gallbladder wall with gas-forming organisms. The mortality rate of EC is still as high as 25%. Emergency surgical intervention is indicated. Open cholecystectomy has been traditionally accepted as a standard treatment for EC. We present a case of EC successfully treated by laparoscopic surgery. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy for EC is considered to be safe and effective when indicated. PMID:24876461

  6. [Laparoscopic surgery in Europe. Where are we going?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cuschieri, Alfred

    2006-01-01

    The most important factors that have facilitated the development of laparoscopic surgery (LS) are technological innovations and the vision of a small number of surgeons who took advantage of these advances. There are few surgical innovations that have stimulated such controversies and concerns and have raised so many medico-legal issues as LS. Although much progress has been made in LS, some important controversies remain unresolved, which are reviewed in the present article: 1. Evolution of the laparoscopic approach: total laparoscopic approach through positive-pressure capnoperitoneum, gasless laparoscopy, hand-assisted laparoscopy, and laparoscopy-assisted surgery. 2. Classification of current instrumental technology in laparoscopic surgery: a) facilitating instruments (high-power ultrasonic dissection systems); b) enabling instruments (endostapling and linear dissection devices), and c) complementary instruments: the Da Vinci robotic system. 3. Current laparoscopic surgical practice: a) interventions that definitively improve the patient's outcome (diagnostic and staging laparoscopy, cholecystectomy, adrenalectomy, splenectomy, antireflux surgery, cardiomyotomy, bariatric surgery, laparoscopic colon surgery, living donor nephrectomy); b) interventions that seem to be useful to the patient (distal pancreatic surgery, laparoscopic left hepatic resection, gastric and esophageal resections, hernioplasty), and c) interventions with uncertain benefit (right hepatectomy, pancreatoduodenectomy). 4. Future lines of development: video monitors in laparoscopic surgery, endoluminal surgery, robotic surgery, and finally, 5. Problems faced by laparoscopic surgery: quality guarantees in laparoscopic surgery, training the future laparoscopic generation, and allocation of sufficient material and human resources to laparoscopic surgery and its subspecialties.

  7. Preliminary results after single-port laparoscopic colonic surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mynster, Tommie; Hammer, Janne; Wille-Jørgensen, Peer

    2012-01-01

    Single incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) may be even less invasive to patients than conventional laparoscopic surgery (CLS). The present study investigates the applicability of the procedure and we report the first year of experiences and operative quality.......Single incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) may be even less invasive to patients than conventional laparoscopic surgery (CLS). The present study investigates the applicability of the procedure and we report the first year of experiences and operative quality....

  8. Preliminary results after single-port laparoscopic colonic surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mynster, Tommie; Hammer, Janne; Wille-Jørgensen, Peer

    2012-01-01

    Single incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) may be even less invasive to patients than conventional laparoscopic surgery (CLS). The present study investigates the applicability of the procedure and we report the first year of experiences and operative quality.......Single incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) may be even less invasive to patients than conventional laparoscopic surgery (CLS). The present study investigates the applicability of the procedure and we report the first year of experiences and operative quality....

  9. Laparoscopic versus open surgery for rectal cancer (COLOR II)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    van der Pas, Martijn Hgm; Haglind, Eva; Cuesta, Miguel A

    2013-01-01

    Laparoscopic surgery as an alternative to open surgery in patients with rectal cancer has not yet been shown to be oncologically safe. The aim in the COlorectal cancer Laparoscopic or Open Resection (COLOR II) trial was to compare laparoscopic and open surgery in patients with rectal cancer....

  10. LAPAROSCOPIC VS. OPEN SURGERY FOR CHOLECYSTECTOMY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Preetham

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION Cholecystectomy in a layman language is the surgical removal of the bile duct. There is a plethora of pathologies of gall bladder in which the main mode of treatment is cholecystectomy. In an economy like India the Laparoscopic surgery may not be economic taking into consideration of the cost factor. The main aim of the study is to find out the pros and cons for each method used in cholecystectomy. The best way to operate is the laparoscopic. But the conventional open access surgery has to be used whenever the need arises. The cost effectiveness of the laparoscopic surgery has to be worked out for the better usage of the procedure

  11. Advanced laparoscopic bariatric surgery Is safe in general surgery training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuckelman, John; Bingham, Jason; Barron, Morgan; Lallemand, Michael; Martin, Matthew; Sohn, Vance

    2017-05-01

    Bariatric surgery makes up an increasing percentage of general surgery training. The safety of resident involvement in these complex cases has been questioned. We evaluated patient outcomes in resident performed laparoscopic bariatric procedures. Retrospective review of patients undergoing a laparoscopic bariatric procedure over seven years at a tertiary care single center. Procedures were primarily performed by a general surgery resident and proctored by an attending surgeon. Primary outcomes included operative volume, operative time and leak rate with perioperative outcomes evaluated as secondary outcomes. A total of 1649 bariatric procedures were evaluated. Operations included laparoscopic bypass (690) and laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (959). Average operating time was 136 min. Eighteen leaks (0.67%) were identified. Graduating residents performed an average of 89 laparoscopic bariatric cases during their training. There were no significant differences between resident levels with concern to operative time or leak rate (p 0.97 and p = 0.54). General surgery residents can safely perform laparoscopic bariatric surgery. When proctored by a staff surgeon, a resident's level of training does not significantly impact leak rate. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  12. Analgesic Treatment in Laparoscopic Gastric Bypass Surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Lars P H; Werner, Mads U; Rosenberg, Jacob

    2014-01-01

    This review aimed to present an overview of the randomized controlled trials investigating analgesic regimens used in laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) surgery. Literature search was performed in PubMed and EMBASE databases in August 2013 in accordance to PRISMA guidelines. The litera......This review aimed to present an overview of the randomized controlled trials investigating analgesic regimens used in laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) surgery. Literature search was performed in PubMed and EMBASE databases in August 2013 in accordance to PRISMA guidelines...

  13. Totally laparoscopic bypass surgery for aortoiliac occlusive disease in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GUO Lian-rui; GU Yong-quan; QI Li-xing; TONG Zhu; WU Xin; GUO Jian-ming; ZHANG Jian

    2013-01-01

    Background Totally laparoscopic aortic surgery is still in its infancy in China.One of the factors preventing adoption of this technique is its steep learning curve.The objective of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and safety of laparoscopic surgery for aortoiliac occlusive disease (AIOD).Methods From November 2008 to November 2012,12 patients were treated for severe AIOD with a totally laparoscopic bypass surgery at our university hospital.The demographic data,operative data,postoperative recovery data,morbidity and mortality were analyzed and compared with those of conventional open approach.Results Twelve totally laparoscopic aortic surgery procedures,including two iliofemoral bypasses (IFB),three unilateral aortofemoral bypasses (UAFB),and seven aortobifemoral bypasses (ABFB),were performed.Conversion to open procedures was required in three patients.The mean operation time was 518 (range,325-840) minutes,mean blood loss was 962 (range,400-2500) ml,and mean aortic anastomosis time was 75 (range,40-150) minutes.Compared with conventional open approach for aortofemoral bypasses performed concomitantly during this period,laparoscopic patients required fewer narcotics and a shorter in-hospital stay and earlier recovery.Postoperative complications developed in four patients,including a single patient with transient left hydronephrosis,ischemic colonic fistula and pneumonia,residual aortic stenosis proximal to the anastomotic site,and asymptomatic partial left renal infarction.All patients recovered and were discharged on postoperative Days 7-14 except one patient that died of respiratory failure on Day 46.All grafts were patent with follow-up imaging performed by Duplex examination,with a mean follow-up time of 10.7 (range,2-61) months.Conclusion Totally laparoscopic bypass surgery is a feasible and safe procedure forAIOD,but attention needs to be paid to improve laparoscopic skills of vascular surgery in order to minimize morbidity during the learning

  14. Metabolic and oncological consequences of laparoscopic surgery

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    N.D. Kannekens-Bouvy (Nicole)

    1997-01-01

    textabstractIn 1986, Philip Mouret and his colleagues performed the first laparoscopic cholecystectomy. They initiated the most revolutionary change in traditional surgery, since the introduction of anaesthesia, asepsis, antibiotics and blood-transfusion. At the same time, industry propelled this de

  15. [25 years of laparoscopic surgery in Spain].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moreno-Sanz, Carlos; Tenías-Burillo, Jose María; Morales-Conde, Salvador; Balague-Ponz, Carmen; Díaz-Luis, Hermógenes; Enriquez-Valens, Pablo; Manuel-Palazuelos, Juan Carlos; Martínez-Cortijo, Sagrario; Olsina-Kissler, Jorge; Socas-Macias, María; Toledano-Trincado, Miguel; Vidal-Pérez, Oscar; Noguera-Aguilar, Juan Francisco; Salvador-Sanchís, José Luis; Feliu-Pala, Xavier; Targarona-Soler, Eduard M

    2014-04-01

    The introduction of laparoscopic surgery (LS) can be considered the most important advancement in our specialty in the past 25 years. Despite its advantages, implementation and consolidation has not been homogenous, especially for advanced techniques. The aim of this study was to analyse the level of development and use of laparoscopic surgery in Spain at the present time and its evolution in recent years. During the second half of 2012 a survey was developed to evaluate different aspects of the implementation and development of LS in our country. The survey was performed using an electronic questionnaire. The global response rate was 16% and 103 heads of Department answered the survey. A total of 92% worked in the public system. A total of 99% perform basic laparoscopic surgery and 85,2% advanced LS. Most of the responders (79%) consider that the instruments they have available for LS are adequate and 71% consider that LS is in the right stage of development in their environment. Basic laparoscopic surgery has developed in our country to be considered the standard performed by most surgeons, and forms part of the basic surgical training of residents. With regards to advanced LS, although it is frequently used, there are still remaining areas of deficit, and therefore, opportunities for improvement. Copyright © 2013 AEC. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  16. Pancreatic Surgery in the Laparoscopic Era

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ammori BJ

    2003-11-01

    Full Text Available Recent advances in technology and techniques have opened the gates widely to a wide range of applications of minimally invasive surgery in patients with inflammatory and neoplastic diseases of the pancreas. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the gold standard treatment for prevention of further attacks of acute biliary pancreatitis. Bile duct calculi detected at intraoperative cholangiography in patients with mild attacks of pancreatitis may be safely managed with laparoscopic bile duct exploration. Laparoscopic internal drainage of large, persistent and symptomatic pancreatic pseudocysts is safely applicable to most patients, achieves adequate drainage and facilitates debridement, and brings recognised benefits over open surgery and endoscopic approaches. Laparoscopic pancreatic necrosectomy for infected necrosis is feasible in some patients but the benefits of this approach in this high-risk group of patients remain to be shown. Staging laparoscopy and laparoscopic ultrasound avoids unnecessary laparotomy in approximately one-fifth of patients with pancreatic cancer, but their routine application in patients with ampullary and duodenal cancers is not warranted. The majority of patients with periampullary cancer have locally advanced or metastatic disease at presentation and their management is entirely palliative. Laparoscopic surgery therefore has its place in the relief of biliary and gastric outlet obstruction, and has its advantages over endoscopic biliary and duodenal stenting in patients with predicted better prognosis, though these advantages ought to be confirmed in randomised controlled trials. Thoracoscopic splanchnicectomy is beneficial in the short-to-medium term for the palliation of intractable opiate-dependent abdominal pain of locally advanced pancreatic cancer and that of chronic pancreatitis with demonstrable improvements in quality of life. Laparoscopic enucleation of neuroendocrine tumours of the pancreas, and distal or

  17. Impaired postural stability after laparoscopic surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eskildsen, K Z; Staehr-Rye, A K; Rasmussen, L S;

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Early postoperative mobilisation may reduce patient morbidity and improve hospital efficiency by accelerated discharge. The aim of this study was to measure postural stability early after laparoscopic surgery in order to assess how early it is safe to mobilise and discharge patients....... METHODS: We included 25 women undergoing outpatient gynaecological laparoscopic surgery in the study. Patients received standardised anaesthesia with propofol, remifentanil and rocuronium. Postural stability was assessed preoperatively, at 30 min after tracheal extubation, and at discharge from the post...... postoperatively. No significant changes were found for sway velocity. We found no significant changes in mean sway, sway area or sway velocity at discharge from the post-anaesthesia care unit approximately 2 h after surgery. CONCLUSION: Postural stability was significantly impaired 30 min after outpatient...

  18. Carbon Dioxide Embolism during Laparoscopic Surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Eun Young; Kwon, Ja-Young

    2012-01-01

    Clinically significant carbon dioxide embolism is a rare but potentially fatal complication of anesthesia administered during laparoscopic surgery. Its most common cause is inadvertent injection of carbon dioxide into a large vein, artery or solid organ. This error usually occurs during or shortly after insufflation of carbon dioxide into the body cavity, but may result from direct intravascular insufflation of carbon dioxide during surgery. Clinical presentation of carbon dioxide embolism ranges from asymptomatic to neurologic injury, cardiovascular collapse or even death, which is dependent on the rate and volume of carbon dioxide entrapment and the patient's condition. We reviewed extensive literature regarding carbon dioxide embolism in detail and set out to describe the complication from background to treatment. We hope that the present work will improve our understanding of carbon dioxide embolism during laparoscopic surgery. PMID:22476987

  19. Laparoscopic antireflux surgery--technique and results.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fingerhut, A; Etienne, J C; Millat, B; Comandella, M G

    1997-09-01

    Although gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) can be effectively treated by proton-pump inhibitors, surgery is still the only means of definitive cure of the disease. After introduction of laparoscopic surgery, there has been a clear trend to surgical repair of the incompetent cardia. The indications for surgical treatment are: endoscopically proven esophagitis, persistent or recurrent complaints under medical treatment, esophageal stricture and/or pH-metrically proven acid reflux as well as reflux-induced coughing (chronic aspiration). Although the laparoscopic antireflux operations is a technically demanding procedure, it can be performed with similar results as compared to conventional surgery. The operative technique is reported in detail. From January 1992 to March 1997, 146 consecutive patients with GERD have been operated on laparoscopically. The overall conversion rate was 8.2% (n = 12). 133 patients were operated on according to the Nissen procedure including hiatoplasty. The Toupet operation was performed in only one case. 84 men and 42 women had a mean age of 49 years (20-76). The median duration of symptoms was 48 months (1-600). Except five patients all had medical treatment for at least 2 years. Twice pneumatic balloon dilatation of an esophageal stricture was necessary preoperatively. The median operation time was 210 minutes (70-660). Conversion to open surgery because of intraoperative complications was necessary in 6 patients. Postoperative complications occurred in 14 patients, all of them being successfully treated conservatively. No patient died. 121 patients (90.3%) had follow up examinations for at least 6 months. Retreatment was necessary in 5 cases: 1x slipped Nissen (laparoscopic repair), 1x intrathoracic hernia (conventional reoperation), 2x dysphagia > 4 months postoperatively (endoscopic balloon dilatation) and 1x recurrent ulcer (conventional operation). With a correct indication, laparoscopic Nissen repair for GERD is a suitable

  20. [Bilateral pheochromocytoma: laparoscopic surgery in 2 cases].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lam, J; Castillo, O; Bravo, J; Henríquez, R; Tagle, F

    2001-01-01

    Laparoscopic adrenalectomy, if done by skilled surgeons, is now the first choice for treating most adrenal tumors, including bilateral pheochromocytoma. We report two women, aged 35 and 34 years old, with bilateral adrenal pheochromocytoma successfully excised by laparoscopic surgery. Both had severe hypertension, high urinary catecholamine values (epinephrine + norepinephrine: 528 and 1083 ug/24 h) and bilateral adrenal tumors at CT scan. After 4 weeks of doxazosin treatment, a laparoscopic transperitoneal adrenalectomy was done (Gugner's technique), with surgical times of 7 and 5 hours respectively. Both patients received hydrocortisone and only the second one required one unit of packed cells. Postoperative evolution was uneventful and both patients were discharged at the fifth postoperative day. At two months of follow up, both patients are asymptomatic and normotensive.

  1. Core value of laparoscopic colorectal surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Xin-Xiang; Wang, Ren-Jie

    2015-12-10

    Since laparoscopy was first used in cholecystectomy in 1987, it has developed quickly and has been used in most fields of traditional surgery. People have now accepted its advantages like small incision, quick recovery, light pain, beauty and short hospital stays. In early times, there are still controversies about the application of laparoscopy in malignant tumor treatments, especially about the problems of oncology efficacy, incision implantation and operation security. However, these concerns have been fully eliminated by evidences on the basis of evidence-basis medicine. In recent years, new minimally invasive technologies are appearing continually, but they still have challenges and may increase the difficulties of radical dissection and the risks of potential complications, so they are confined to benign or early malignant tumors. The core value of the laparoscopic technique is to ensure the high quality of tumor's radical resection and less complications. On the basis of this, it is allowed to pursue more minimally invasive techniques. Since the development of laparoscopic colorectal surgery is rapid and unceasing, we have reasons to believe that laparoscopic surgery will become gold standard for colorectal surgery in the near future.

  2. Laparoscopic surgery for endometrial cancer: a review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hauspy, Jan; Jiménez, Waldo; Rosen, Barry; Gotlieb, Walter H; Fung-Kee-Fung, Michael; Plante, Marie

    2010-06-01

    Uterine cancer is the fourth most common cancer in Canadian women, with an estimated 4200 new cases and 790 disease-related deaths in 2008. We investigated the domains that are important for further implementation of minimally invasive surgery for the management of endometrial cancer by performing a literature review to assess the available data on overall and disease-free survival in laparoscopic versus open surgery. We also investigated the influence of patient- related factors, surgical factors, quality of life, and cost implications. Among the 23 articles reviewed, five were randomized controlled trials (RCTs), four were prospective reviews, and 14 were retrospective reviews. The RCTs showed no difference in overall and disease-free survival for patients with endometrial cancer who had undergone laparoscopic hysterectomy compared with open surgery. Morbid obesity is a limiting factor for the feasibility of complete laparoscopic staging. Laparoscopy seems to decrease complications and decrease blood loss. It also shortens hospital stay, with improved short-term quality of life and cosmesis, while yielding similar lymph node counts. Overall, laparoscopy is cost-effective, because the increased operation cost of laparoscopy is offset by the shorter hospital stay and faster return to work. On the basis of currently available data, patients with endometrial cancer should be offered minimally invasive surgery as part of their treatment for endometrial cancer whenever possible.

  3. Core value of laparoscopic colorectal surgery

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xin-Xiang; Li; Ren-Jie; Wang

    2015-01-01

    Since laparoscopy was first used in cholecystectomy in 1987, it has developed quickly and has been used in most fields of traditional surgery. People have now accepted its advantages like small incision, quick recovery, light pain, beauty and short hospital stays. In early times, there are still controversies about the application of laparoscopy in malignant tumor treatments, especially about the problems of oncology efficacy, incision implantation and operation security. However, these concerns have been fully eliminated by evidences on the basis of evidence-basis medicine. In recent years, new minimally invasive technologies are appearing continually, but they still have challenges and may increase the difficulties of radical dissection and the risks of potential complications, so they are confined to benign or early malignant tumors. The core value of the laparoscopic technique is to ensure the high quality of tumor’s radical resection and less complications. On the basis of this, it is allowed to pursue more minimally invasive techniques. Since the development of laparoscopic colorectal surgery is rapid and unceasing, we have reasons to believe that laparoscopic surgery will become gold standard for colorectal surgery in the near future.

  4. A new understanding of the anatomic structure of posterior abdominal wall in retroperitoneal laparoscopic renal surgery%后腹腔镜下肾脏手术解剖标志的应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡伟; 李宏召; 张旭; 孙圣坤; 董隽; 史立新; 宋勇; 祝强

    2012-01-01

    目的 复习和再认识后腹腔镜下后腹壁解剖结构的形态和位置关系,建立和确认后腹腔镜下肾脏手术的解剖标志,提高后腹腔镜手术操作水平. 方法 2010年1-8月,对35例后腹腔镜下肾脏手术进入后腹腔和控制肾动脉之前的操作过程进行分步解剖技术研究,记录后腹壁解剖标志的形态和位置毗邻关系,分析验证各解剖标志与肾、肾门和肾动脉的关系. 结果 后腹腔镜下可见后腹壁由膈肌的腰部、腰方肌和腰大肌以及外侧弓状韧带、内侧弓状韧带和膈肌脚构成,这些肌肉和韧带在肾门背侧附近交界移行.内侧弓状韧带横行向脊柱方向指向肾门附近,膈肌脚的弧形部分与肾动脉走行成镜像状态.35例术中均可以观察到这些解剖结构,按此标志定位肾和肾门,35例均可直接到达肾门解剖分离肾动脉和静脉. 结论 后腹壁肌肉和韧带的位置和形态相对固定,在腹腔镜下清晰可见,可以作为后腹腔镜下肾脏手术的解剖标志.参考后腹壁的肌肉和韧带解剖标志定位肾脏,解剖分离肾门和肾动脉是有效的实用操作技术.%Objective To provide reliable technical method by identifying referential anatomic landmarks for retroperitoneal laparoscopic renal surgery,with respect to the renal hilum and renal artery.Methods The regional anatomy of the posterior abdominal wall was studied in 35 cases of retroperitoneal laparoscopic renal surgery from January to August 2010.These included 27 cases of renal cancer,6 cases of renal pelvis cancer and 2 cases of renal tuberculosis.Distended the retroperitoneal space using balloon dilation along with sharp and dull dissection.We recorded the forms and positions of the posterior abdominal cavity's anatomical landmarks and evaluated the relationship between each anatomical landmark with respect to the renal hilum and renal artery.Results The perirenal fascia posterior layer and perinephric fat on the renal

  5. Synchronous laparoscopic resection of colorectal and renal/adrenal neoplasms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ng, Simon S M; Lee, Janet F Y; Yiu, Raymond Y C; Li, Jimmy C M; Leung, Ka Lau

    2007-08-01

    Synchronous laparoscopic resections of coexisting abdominal diseases are shown to be feasible without additional postoperative morbidity. We report our experience with synchronous laparoscopic resection of colorectal carcinoma and renal/adrenal neoplasms with an emphasis on surgical and oncologic outcomes. Five patients diagnosed to have synchronous colorectal carcinoma and renal/adrenal neoplasms (renal cell carcinoma in 2 patients, adrenal cortical adenoma in 2 patients, and adrenal metastasis in 1 patient) underwent synchronous laparoscopic resection. The median operative time was 420 minutes and the median operative blood loss was 1000 mL. Three patients developed minor complications, including wound infection in 2 patients and retention of urine in 1 patient. There was no operative mortality. The median duration of hospital stay was 11 days. At a median follow-up of 17.6 months, no patient developed recurrence of disease. Synchronous laparoscopic resection of colorectal and renal/adrenal neoplasms is technically feasible and safe.

  6. Laparoscopic surgery for early endometrial cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bennich, Gitte; Rudnicki, Martin; Lassen, Pernille D

    2016-08-01

    The purpose of the present study was to evaluate learning curves and short-term outcomes following laparoscopic surgery for early endometrial cancer in women of different body mass index (BMI) classes. Data from 227 women planned for laparoscopic surgery for presumed stage I endometrial cancer were collected retrospectively from a Danish gynecologic oncology unit. Surgery included laparoscopic hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy with or without pelvic lymphadenectomy (PLA). Median length of operations was 60 min (range, 30-197) and 120 min (range, 60-230), depending on whether PLA was included. The median pelvic lymph node yield was 18 (range, 7-42). For staging with PLA there was a learning curve when measured as operative time as well as lymph node yield, and a level of proficiency was not reached after 40 operations. The women had a perioperative complication rate of 4.5% and a median hospital stay of one night. Postoperative complication rate was 12%, comprising vaginal cuff hematoma (3.1%), vaginal cuff rupture (0.9%), trocar hernia (1.3%), ureter lesion (0.4%), bowel lesion (0.4%), reoperation (0.9%) and other complications (4.5%). All peri- and postoperative outcomes were independent of BMI classes. Our data suggest that laparoscopic surgery for early endometrial cancer is feasible and safe. With increasing surgeon's experience there is a significant decrease in operative time and increase in the number of lymph nodes harvested. In experienced hands, either operative time, complications or length of stay are not affected by increasing BMI, even when women are morbidly obese. © 2016 Nordic Federation of Societies of Obstetrics and Gynecology.

  7. Retroperitoneal laparoscopic nephron-sparing surgery for renal tumor : report of 15 cases%后腹腔镜保留肾单位肾脏肿瘤切除术(附15例报告)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁平; 吴刚; 叶锦; 王鹏; 江军; 靳风烁

    2008-01-01

    目的 探讨后腹腔镜行保留肾单位肾脏肿瘤切除术的手术可行性及疗效.方法 2007年3月至2008年8月,15例肾脏局限性肿瘤患者采用后腹腔镜保留肾单位肾脏肿瘤切除术.术中用bulldog血管钳阻断肾脏血流,用超声刀在距离肿瘤边缘2~10 mm处进行切除,肿瘤床随机切取三处组织送冰冻病理检查.结果 15例手术均顺利完成,无一例中转开放.平均手术时间110 min,术中平均阻断肾血流时间26 min,术中平均出血量200 ml,平均术后住院时间9 d.术中切缘组织病理切片均为阴性.术后随访2~14个月肿瘤无复发.结论 后腹腔镜保留肾单位肾脏肿瘤切除术治疗肾脏肿瘤技术可行,安全有效,其远期疗效尚有待长期随访.%Objective To valuate the clinical effect of retroperitoneal laparoscopic nephron-sparing surgery. Methods From March 2007 to May 2008, 15 patients with local renal tumors underwent retroperitoneal laparoscopic partial nephrectomy by a single surgeon. Hilar control was achieved with bulldog clamps. Hook-cautery is used to circumscribe the tumor for resection by scoring the renal capsule circumferentially with a 2-10 mm margin around the tumor. Specimens are randomly extracted through tumor edges and immediately given to pathological frozen sections. The operative time, blood loss, postoperative stay, complications and the time of complete convalescence were recorded. Results Mean operative time was 110 minutes and mean time of hilar control was 26 minutes. Mean blood loss was 200ml. Mean postoperative stay was 9 days. Final pathological evaluation revealed negative positive margins in these cases. During 2-14 months follow-up there was no local recurrence. Conclusions Retroperitoneal laparoscopic partial nephrectomy for small renal tumors can be performed safely and effectively. Extended follow-up period is required to determine its long-term functional and oncological outcomes.

  8. THE ADVISABILITY AND SAFETY OF TRANSPERITONEAL LAPAROSCOPIC NEPHRECTOMY FOR RENAL PARENCHYMAL TUMORS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. B. Matvee

    2014-01-01

    > 0.05 for all. Questioning has shown that the laparoscopic versus laparotomic access significantly improves quality of life within one month after renal resection.Conclusion. Transperitoneal laparoscopic nephrectomy is a safe alternative to open surgery, which can improve quality of life in the patients with clinically localized kidney tumors within one month after surgical intervention.

  9. THE ADVISABILITY AND SAFETY OF TRANSPERITONEAL LAPAROSCOPIC NEPHRECTOMY FOR RENAL PARENCHYMAL TUMORS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. B. Matvee

    2014-07-01

    > 0.05 for all. Questioning has shown that the laparoscopic versus laparotomic access significantly improves quality of life within one month after renal resection.Conclusion. Transperitoneal laparoscopic nephrectomy is a safe alternative to open surgery, which can improve quality of life in the patients with clinically localized kidney tumors within one month after surgical intervention.

  10. Urologic surgery laparoscopic access: vascular complications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Branco, Anibal Wood

    2017-01-01

    ABSTRACT Vascular injury in accidental punctures may occur in large abdominal vessels, it is known that 76% of injuries occur during the development of pneumoperitoneum. The aim of this video is to demonstrate two cases of vascular injury occurring during access in laparoscopic urologic surgery. The first case presents a 60-year old female patient with a 3cm tumor in the superior pole of the right kidney who underwent a laparoscopic partial nephrectomy. After the Verres needle insertion, output of blood was verified. During the evaluation of the cavity, a significant hematoma in the inferior vena cava was noticed. After the dissection, a lesion in the inferior vena cava was identified and controlled with a prolene suture, the estimated bloos loss was 300ml. The second case presents a 42-year old female live donor patient who had her right kidney selected to laparoscopic live donor nephrectomy. After the insertion of the first trocar, during the introduction of the 10mm scope, an active bleeding from the mesentery was noticed. The right colon was dissected and an inferior vena cava perforation was identified; a prolene suture was used to control the bleeding, the estimated blood loss was 200mL, in both cases the patients had no previous abdominal surgery. Urologists must be aware of this uncommon, serious, and potentially lethal complication. Once recognized and in the hands of experienced surgeons, some lesions may be repaired laparoscopically. Whenever in doubt, the best alternative is the immediate conversion to open surgery to minimize morbidity and mortality. PMID:28124541

  11. Laparoscopic Surgery for Recurrent Crohn's Disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonino Spinelli

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available In spite of the recent improvements in drug therapy, surgery still represents the most frequent treatment for Crohn's disease (CD complications. Laparoscopy has been widely applied over the last twenty years in colorectal surgery and was associated with lower postoperative pain, shorter hospitalization, faster return to daily activities, and better cosmetic results. Laparoscopy experienced a slower diffusion in inflammatory bowel disease surgery than in oncologic colorectal surgery, but proved to be safe and effective, and is currently considered the gold standard for the treatment of primary uncomplicated ileocolic CD. Indications for laparoscopy in CD have recently been widened to embrace more complicated or recurrent CD. This paper reviews the available data on the subset of recurrent CD patients. The reported results indicate that laparoscopy may be safely applied even in selected recurrent CD cases in hands of IBD surgeons with broad laparoscopic experience.

  12. Robotic laparoscopic surgery: cost and training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amodeo, A; Linares Quevedo, A; Joseph, J V; Belgrano, E; Patel, H R H

    2009-06-01

    The advantages of minimally invasive surgery are well accepted. Shorter hospital stays, decreased postoperative pain, rapid return to preoperative activity, decreased postoperative ileus, and preserved immune function are among the benefits of the laparoscopic approach. However, the instruments of laparoscopy afford surgeons limited precision and poor ergonomics, and their use is associated with a significant learning curve and the amount of time and energy necessary to develop and maintain such advanced laparoscopic skills is not insignificant. The robotic surgery allows all laparoscopists to perform advanced laparoscopic procedures with greater ease. The potential advantages of surgical robotic systems include making advanced laparoscopic surgical procedures accessible to surgeons who do not have advanced video endoscopic training and broadening the scope of surgical procedures that can be performed using the laparoscopic method. The wristed instruments, x10 magnifications, tremor filtering, scaling of movements and three-dimensional view allow the urologist to perform the intricate dissection and anastomosis with high precision. The robot is not, however, without significant disadvantages as compared with traditional laparoscopy. These include greater expense and consumption of operating room resources such as space and the availability of skilled technical staff, complete elimination of tactile feedback, and more limited options for trocar placement. The current cost of the da Vinci system is $ 1.2 million and annual maintenance is $ 138000. Many studies suggest that depreciation and maintenance costs can be minimised if the number of robotic cases is increased. The high cost of purchasing and maintaining the instruments of the robotic system is one of its many disadvantages. The availability of the robotic systems to only a limited number of centres reduces surgical training opportunities. Hospital administrators and surgeons must define the reasons for

  13. [Trocar site incisional hernia in laparoscopic surgery].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Comajuncosas, Jordi; Vallverdú, Helena; Orbeal, Rolando; Parés, David

    2011-02-01

    Trocar site incisional hernias (TSIH) are the most common complications in laparoscopic surgery. We have carried out a review of the literature with the aim of establishing their incidence, the reasons for them happening, and their prevention. After a search in the MEDLINE PubMed and PubMed CENTRAL data bases from 1991 to 2009, combining the words: "hernia", "laparoscopy" and "trocar", we obtained 545 articles, of which we analysed 60 of them. The incidence of TSIH varies between 0.18% and 2.8%. The diameter of the trocar, obesity and age play a fundamental role when proceeding to close the fascia, a closure which is the most important factor to prevent these incisional hernias appearing. The appearance of new laparoscopic material and the increasing more common closure of defects of the fascia means that new and more extensive prospective studies should be performed.

  14. [My first steps in laparoscopic surgery].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanchez de Badajoz, Eduardo

    2007-10-01

    The author describes his first steps in laparoscopic surgery and the sources of some of his ideas. He thanks his father's influence and the technical stimuli that catalysed his scientific curiosity. For the benefit of young urologists at the beginning of their careers he shows how the frustrations of working with the early instruments became the vital challenges that inspired creative solutions. His urological surgeon father inspired in his young son a passion for his calling. He developed an immediate and compelling interest in the shape and function of urological instruments like, for example, Freyer's lithotripter and the Iglesias resectoscope. Books of urological history and the works of pioneer urologists fascinated him. Watching José María Gil Vernet operate particularly impressed him and he says that Gil Vernet was the first urologist he saw using a laparoscope to diagnose an abdominal testicle. While working in an Oxford University hospital in 1985, he designed a balloon device to dissect the retropubic space. This procedure was the precursor of what several years later became extraperitoneal surgery The following year, he read the manual of Semm's laparoscopy and later described a laparoscopic varicocelectomy. In 1993, he published the first description of a laparoscopic radical cystectomy and ileal conduit. In 1997, he adapted a surgical robotic system with a master-slave arm to carry out firstly a transurethral resection. He says that a good idea is beyond price because it helps the inspired individual to make true a long-held ambition and achieve the signal success that lifts him out of the mud of mediocrity.

  15. Pure laparoscopic radical heminephrectomy for a large renal-cell carcinoma in a horseshoe kidney.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rebouças, Rafael B; Monteiro, Rodrigo C; Souza, Thiago N; Barbosa, Paulyana F; Pereira, George G; Britto, Cesar A

    2013-01-01

    Horseshoe Kidneys are the most common renal fusion anomaly. When surgery is contemplated for renal-cell carcinoma in such kidneys, aberrant vasculature and isthmusectomy are the major issues to consider. We describe a case of a pure laparoscopic radical heminephrectomy with hand-sewn management of the isthmus for a 11 cm tumour in a horseshoe kidney. A 47-year-old man complaining of palpable left flank mass for two months. Magnetic resonance of the abdomen revealed a 11 cm renal mass arising from the left moiety of an incidentally discovered horseshoe kidney. Preoperative CT angiography revealed a dominant anterior renal artery feeding the upper and midpole, with two other arteries feeding the lower pole and isthmus. The patient was placed in a modified flank position. A four-port transperitoneal technique was used, the colon was reflected. Renal pedicle was dissected and the renal arteries and renal vein were secured with polymer clips. The kidney was fully mobilized and a Satinsky clamp was placed on the isthmus for its division. A running 2-0 vicryl hand-sewn was used for parenchyma hemostasis. The specimen was extracted intact in a plastic bag through an inguinal incision. The operative time was 220 minutes, and the estimated blood loss was 200 mL. There were no immediate or delayed complications. The patient resumed oral intake on postoperative day 1 and was discharged on postoperative day 2. Pathologic examination of the specimen confirmed a 11 cm organ-confined chromophobe renal-cell carcinoma, with negative margins. Laparoscopic oncologic surgery in patients with horseshoe kidneys can be technically challenging. The presence of a large cancer in a horseshoe kidney should not preclude a purely laparoscopic approach. With the aid of a Satinsky clamp, the isthmus can be sharply divided and sutured in a fashion similar to the open technique. To our knowledge, this report represents the largest cancer (11 cm) removed laparoscopically in the context of a

  16. Secrets of safe laparoscopic surgery: Anaesthetic and surgical considerations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Srivastava Arati

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, laparoscopic surgery has gained popularity in clinical practice. The key element in laparoscopic surgery is creation of pneumoperitoneum and carbon dioxide is commonly used for insufflation. This pneumoperitoneum perils the normal cardiopulmonary system to a considerable extent. Every laparoscopic surgeon should understand the consequences of pneumoperitoneum; so that its untoward effects can be averted. Pneumoperitoneum increases pressure on diaphragm, leading to its cephalic displacement and thereby decreasing venous return, which can be aggravated by the position of patient during surgery. There is no absolute contraindication of laparoscopic surgery, though we can anticipate some problems in conditions like obesity, pregnancy and previous abdominal surgery. This review discusses some aspects of the pathophysiology of carbon dioxide induced pneumoperitoneum, its consequences as well as strategies to counteract them. Also, we propose certain guidelines for safe laparoscopic surgery.

  17. Advances in training for laparoscopic and robotic surgery

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schreuder, H.W.R.

    2011-01-01

    Laparoscopic surgery is rapidly becoming a standard in many surgical procedures. This surgical technique should be mastered, up to a certain level, by all surgeons. Several unique psychomotor skills are required from the surgeon in order to perform laparoscopic surgery safely. These skills can be le

  18. Virtual reality training and equipment handling in laparoscopic surgery

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Verdaasdonk, E.G.G.

    2008-01-01

    Laparoscopic surgery is one of the most important surgical innovations of the 20th century. Despite the well-known benefits for the patient, such as reduced pain, reduced hospital stay and quicker return to normal physical activities, there are also some drawbacks. Performing laparoscopic surgery re

  19. Virtual reality training and equipment handling in laparoscopic surgery

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Verdaasdonk, E.G.G.

    2008-01-01

    Laparoscopic surgery is one of the most important surgical innovations of the 20th century. Despite the well-known benefits for the patient, such as reduced pain, reduced hospital stay and quicker return to normal physical activities, there are also some drawbacks. Performing laparoscopic surgery

  20. Advances in training for laparoscopic and robotic surgery

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schreuder, H.W.R.

    2011-01-01

    Laparoscopic surgery is rapidly becoming a standard in many surgical procedures. This surgical technique should be mastered, up to a certain level, by all surgeons. Several unique psychomotor skills are required from the surgeon in order to perform laparoscopic surgery safely. These skills can be

  1. [Complicated acute apendicitis. Open versus laparoscopic surgery].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gil Piedra, Francisco; Morales García, Dieter; Bernal Marco, José Manuel; Llorca Díaz, Javier; Marton Bedia, Paula; Naranjo Gómez, Angel

    2008-06-01

    Although laparoscopy has become the standard approach in other procedures, this technique is not generally accepted for acute appendicitis, especially if it is complicated due reports on the increase in intra-abdominal abscesses. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the morbidity in a group of patients diagnosed with complicated apendicitis (gangrenous or perforated) who had undergone open or laparoscopic appendectomy. We prospectively studied 107 patients who had undergone appendectomy for complicated appendicitis over a two year period. Mean operation time, mean hospital stay and morbidity, such as wound infection and intra-abdominal abscess were evaluated. In the group with gangrenous appendicitis morbidity was significantly lower in laparoscopic appendectomy group (p = 0.014). Wound infection was significantly higher in the open appendectomy group (p = 0.041), and there were no significant differences in intra-abdominal abscesses (p = 0.471). In the perforated appendicitis group overall morbidity (p = 0.046) and wound infection (p = 0.004) was significantly higher in the open appendectomy group. There were no significant differences in intra-abdominal abscesses (p = 0.612). These results suggest that laparoscopic appendectomy for complicated appendicitis is a safe procedure that may prove to have significant clinical advantages over conventional surgery.

  2. Laparoscopic surgery for pancreatic insulinomas: an update.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aggeli, Chrysanthi; Nixon, Alexander M; Karoumpalis, Ioannis; Kaltsas, Gregory; Zografos, George N

    2016-04-01

    Insulinomas are the most common functioning neuroendocrine tumors of the pancreas, occurring in almost 1-4 per 1 million persons each year. In contrast to other pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors, they are usually benign and solitary at the time of diagnosis. Due to their benign nature, surgical excision is the treatment of choice, with excellent long-term results. The introduction of minimally invasive techniques in the surgical treatment of insulinoma has been gaining popularity due to shorter length of hospital stay and better cosmetic results, with serious complications being comparable to those of open surgery. Preoperative localization is of paramount importance in the determination of the appropriate surgical approach. Many invasive and non-invasive methods exist for localization of an insulinoma. A combination of these modalities is usually adequate to preoperatively localize the vast majority of tumors. Laparoscopic ultrasound is mandatory to localize these tumors intraoperatively. Despite extensive experience in highly specialized centers producing encouraging results, no randomized trials have been realized to conclusively validate these case series, this partly due to the rarity of insulinoma in the population. In this article we present the current state of laparoscopic management of insulinoma delineating still unanswered issues and we underscore some of the technical details of the most common laparoscopic procedures employed.

  3. Laparoscopic surgery in children: abdominal wall complications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vaccaro S.

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Minimal invasive surgery has become the standard of care for operations involving the thoracic and abdominal cavities for all ages. Laparoscopic complications can occur as well as more invasive surgical procedures and we can classify them into non-specific and specific. Our goal is to analyze the most influential available scientific literature and to expose important and recognized advices in order to reduce these complications. We examined the mechanism, risk factors, treatment and tried to outline how to prevent two major abdominal wall complications related to laparoscopy: bleeding and port site herniation .

  4. Perioperative outcomes of laparoscopic radical nephrectomy for renal cell carcinoma in patients with dialysis-dependent end-stage renal disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamashita, Kaori; Ito, Fumio; Nakazawa, Hayakazu

    2012-06-01

    The aims of this study were: (i) to analyze the perioperative outcomes of laparoscopic radical nephrectomy for renal cell carcinoma in patients with dialysis-dependent end-stage renal disease and (ii) to reveal perioperative management problems that are unique to these patients. Between June 2004 and June 2011, laparoscopic radical nephrectomy was performed in 39 patients who had renal cell carcinoma and dialysis-dependent end-stage renal disease. The operative outcomes of these patients were compared with the operative outcomes of 104 non-end-stage renal disease patients with sporadic renal cell carcinoma who underwent laparoscopic radical nephrectomy during the same period. Laparoscopic surgery was completed in thirty-eight end-stage renal disease patients. One patient was converted to open surgery because of an intraoperative injury to the inferior vena cava. This patient was excluded from the analysis. The mean operative time was 240 min; blood loss, 157 mL; and postoperative hospital stay, 9.6 days. Postoperative complications were observed in six patients, as follows: retroperitoneal hematoma and abscess in one patient, thrombosis of the arteriovenous fistula in three patients, pneumonia in one patient, and gastrointestinal bleeding in one patient. Eleven patients required blood transfusions. There was no significant difference between the end-stage renal disease patients and the non-end-stage renal disease patients in the mean operative time or the amount of blood loss. In conclusion, laparoscopic radical nephrectomy is feasible for dialysis-dependent end-stage renal disease patients, as well as for non-end-stage renal disease patients; however, end-stage renal disease patients may have a higher probability of experiencing non-life-threatening complications.

  5. 腹腔镜手术治疗肾动脉瘤1例报告并文献复习%Laparoscopic surgery for renal artery aneurysm: a case report and literature review zhejiang provincial people's hospital endourology cencer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    茅夏娃; 张大宏; 刘锋; 祁小龙; 章越龙; 张琦

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate feasibility and method about laparoscopic treatment of renal artery aneurysm.Methods:The patient,female,59 years old,was admitted for "repeated hypertension for 10 years,examination revealed renal artery aneurysm for 1 week".CTA showed: right renal artery aneurysm,2cm with diameter.The renal artery issued two branch arteries and the aneurysm is located near the trunk of one of the two branch.Surgical methods: patients with left lateral position,routine disinfection and draping,establishment of pneumo-peritoneum,dissection of kidney,blood vessels,tumor body respectively.To block the main artery and two branches with lap dogs,complete aneurysm resection with scissors,suturing the artery with 4-0 vascular suture,peri-renal fascia with 2-0 absorbable suture,place one drainage tube in local place.Results:The operation was successful with the operation time 125 min,warm ischemia time 28 min,vascular closure time 8 min.Blood loss was 50 ml.The patients began to eat semi-liquid 24 hours after the .surgery,walking out of bed after 48 hours,discharged after 7 days.7 days later,CT scans showed; no right renal artery stenosis,a small part of the ischemic kidney performance.Conclusions; Laparoscopic renal artery aneurysm resection is feasible,with the key skilled performing and fine suture.%目的:探讨腹腔镜术治疗肾动脉瘤的可行性与方法.方法:报告1例59岁女性患者,因“反复高血压10年,检查发现肾动脉瘤1周”入院.CTA示右肾动脉瘤,直径2 cm,肾动脉主干发出两支二级动脉分支,动脉瘤位于其中一根二级分支近主干处.患者左侧卧位,建立气腹,游离肾脏及血管,分离动脉瘤体,用哈叭狗钳分别阻断主干及两根二级分支,用剪刀将动脉瘤完整切除.4-0血管缝线缝合动脉破口,2 0可吸收线缝合肾周筋膜,局部放置一引流管.结果:手术成功,手术时间125 min,其中热缺血时间28 min,血管缝合时间8 min,术中出血50 ml,患者术后24

  6. Case-mix study of single incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) vs. Conventional laparoscopic surgery in colonic cancer resections

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mynster, Tommie; Wille-Jørgensen, Peer

    2013-01-01

    Single incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) may be even less invasive to a patient than conventional laparoscopic surgery (CLS). Aim of the study of the applicability of the procedure, the first 1½ year of experiences and comparison with CLS for colonic cancer resections Material and methods. Since...

  7. Prophylactic Appendectomy during Laparoscopic Surgery for Other Conditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Occhionorelli

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Acute appendicitis remains the most common surgical emergency. Laparoscopy has gained increasing favor as a method of both investigating right iliac fossa pain and treating the finding of appendicitis. A question arises: what to do with an apparent healthy appendix discovered during laparoscopic surgery for other pathology. We present a case of unilateral hydroureteronephrosis complicated with rupture of the renal pelvis, due to gangrenous appendicitis with abscess of the right iliopsoas muscle and periappendicular inflammation in a 67-year-old woman, who underwent laparoscopic right annessiectomy for right ovarian cyst few years earlier, in which a healthy appendix was left inside. There is a lack of consensus in the literature about what to do with a normal appendix. The main argument for removing an apparently normal appendix is that endoluminal appendicitis may not be recognized during surgery, leading to concern that an abnormal appendix is left in place. Because of a lack of evidence from randomized trials, it remains unclear whether the benefits of routine elective coincidental appendectomy outweigh the costs and risks of morbidity associated with this prophylactic procedure. Nevertheless, it appears, from limited data, that women aged 35 years and under benefit most from elective coincidental appendectomy.

  8. Laparoscopic Nephrectomy, Ex Vivo Partial Nephrectomy, and Autotransplantation for the Treatment of Complex Renal Masses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jasmir Gopal Nayak

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In the contemporary era of minimally invasive surgery, very few T1/T2 renal lesions are not amenable to nephron-sparing surgery. However, centrally located lesions continue to pose a clinical dilemma. We sought to describe our local experience with three cases of laparoscopic nephrectomy, ex vivo partial nephrectomy, and autotransplantation. Laparoscopic donor nephrectomy was performed followed by immediate renal cooling and perfusion with isotonic solution. Back-table partial nephrectomy, renorrhaphy, and autotransplantation were then performed. Mean warm ischemia (WIT and cold ischemic times (CIT were 2 and 39 minutes, respectively. Average blood loss was 267 mL. All patients preserved their renal function postoperatively. Final pathology confirmed pT1, clear cell renal cell carcinoma with negative margins in all. All are disease free at up to 39 months follow-up with stable renal function. In conclusion, the described approach remains a viable option for the treatment of complex renal masses preserving oncological control and renal function.

  9. Massive Ascites in a Renal Transplant Patient after Laparoscopic Fenestration of a Lymphocele

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shohei Kawaguchi

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Retroperitoneal lymphocele is a common complication of renal transplantation. Here, we report the case of a 67-year-old woman with massive ascites after fenestration surgery for a lymphocele that developed following renal transplantation. She had been on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis for 9 years. Living donor renal transplantation was performed and an intrapelvic lymphocele subsequently developed. The lymphocele did not resolve after aspiration therapy; therefore, laparoscopic fenestration was performed. Although the lymphocele disappeared, massive ascites appeared in its stead. Half a year later, the ascites was surgically punctured, which then gradually resolved and disappeared 6 weeks later. Aspiration therapy should be considered in patients on long-term peritoneal dialysis, although laparoscopic fenestration is safe and effective.

  10. Diffuse reflectance measurement tool for laparoscopic surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giardini, Mario E.; Klemm, Annett B.; Di Falco, Andrea; Krauss, Thomas F.

    2010-04-01

    Continuous-wave diffuse reflectance or Near Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS) offers the possibility to perform a preliminary screening of tissue for ischemia or other tissue anomalies. A tool for intracavity NIRS measurements during laparoscopic surgery, developed within the framework of the FP7-IP ARAKNES (Array of Robots Augmenting the KiNematics of Endoluminal Surgery) project, is described. It consists of a probe, that is located on the tip of an appropriately shaped laparoscopic manipulator and then applied to the tissue. Such a probe employs an array of incoherent semiconductor light sources (LEDs) frequency-multiplexed on a single detector using a lock-in technique. The resulting overall tool structure is simple and compact, and allows efficient coupling of the emitted light towards the tissue. The tool has high responsivity and enables fast and accurate measurements. A dataset gathered from in-vivo tissue is presented. The performance both indicates direct applicability of the tool to significant surgical issues (ischemia detection), and clearly indicates the possibility of further miniaturizing the probe head towards catheterized approaches.

  11. Povidone-iodine surgical scrub solution prevents fogging of the scope's lens during laparoscopic surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohammadhosseini, Bijan

    2010-06-01

    Easy cleaning of the scope's lens in a syringe to prevent condensation during laparoscopic surgery is a simple and good way to use antifog solution more easily during laparoscopic surgery. This report explains a more inexpensive way to overcome condensation during laparoscopic surgery. Rubbing povidone-iodine surgical scrub solution on the scope's lens prevents its fogging during laparoscopic surgery.

  12. Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo secondary to laparoscopic surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shan, Xizheng; Wang, Amy; Wang, Entong

    2017-01-01

    Objectives: Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo is a common vestibular disorder and it may be idiopathic or secondary to some conditions such as surgery, but rare following laparoscopic surgery. Methods: We report two cases of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo secondary to laparoscopic surgery, one after laparoscopic cholecystectomy in a 51-year-old man and another following laparoscopic hysterectomy in a 60-year-old woman. Results: Both patients were treated successfully with manual or device-assisted canalith repositioning maneuvers, with no recurrence on the follow-up of 6 -18 months. Conclusions: Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo is a rare but possible complication of laparoscopic surgery. Both manual and device-assisted repositioning maneuvers are effective treatments for this condition, with good efficacy and prognosis. PMID:28255446

  13. Single-incision laparoscopic bariatric surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Huang Chih-Kun

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Bariatric surgery has been established as the best option of treatment for morbid obesity. In recent years single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS has emerged as another modality of carrying out the bariatric procedures. While SILS represents an advance, its application in morbid obesity at present is limited. In this article, we review the technique and results of SILS in bariatric surgery. Methods: The PubMed database was searched and totally 11 series reporting SILS in bariatric surgery were identified and analyzed. The case reports were excluded. Since 2008, 114 morbidly obese patients receiving SILS bariatric surgeries were reported. Results: The procedures performed included SILS gastric banding, sleeve gastrectomy and gastric bypass. No mortality was reported in the literatures. Sixteen patients (14.05% needed an additional incision for a liver retractor, a trocar or for conversion. Only one complication of wound infection was reported in these series. All the surgeons reported that the patients were highly satisfied with the scar. Conclusion: Because of abundant visceral and subcutaneous fat and multiple comorbidities in morbid obesity, it is more challenging for surgeons to perform the procedures with SILS. It is clear that extensive development of new instruments and technical aspects of these procedures as well as randomized studies to compare them with traditional laparoscopy are essential before these procedures can be utilized in day-to-day clinical practice.

  14. Renal replacement therapy after cardiac surgery; renal function recovers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Steinthorsdottir, Kristin Julia; Kandler, Kristian; Agerlin Windeløv, Nis

    2013-01-01

    To assess renal outcome in patients discharged from hospital following cardiac surgery-associated acute kidney injury (CSA-AKI) with need for renal replacement therapy.......To assess renal outcome in patients discharged from hospital following cardiac surgery-associated acute kidney injury (CSA-AKI) with need for renal replacement therapy....

  15. A Comparative Study of Single-Port Laparoscopic Surgery Versus Robotic-Assisted Laparoscopic Surgery for Rectal Cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Levic, Katarina; Donatsky, Anders Meller; Bulut, Orhan

    2015-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Conventional laparoscopic surgery is the treatment of choice for many abdominal procedures. To further reduce surgical trauma, new minimal invasive procedures such as single-port laparoscopic surgery (SPLS) and robotic assisted laparoscopic surgery (RALS) have emerged. The aim...... in either of the groups. There was no difference in median follow-up time between groups (P = .58). CONCLUSION: Both SPLS and RALS may have a role in rectal surgery. The short-term oncological outcomes were similar, although RALS harvested more lymph nodes than the SPLS procedure. However, SPLS seems...

  16. Overlooked problem of laparoscopic surgery: trocar site bleeding

    OpenAIRE

    Oguzhan Dincel; Fatih Basak; Erdem Kinaci

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: Trocar site bleeding is a complication which can be overlooked and prevented if pay attention. It can lead to unwanted problems during surgery if not noticed. In our study, we aimed to investigate the problem that can be seen in every laparoscopic surgery. Material and Methods: We reviewed the cases who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy in our clinic between September 2012 - September 2015. Patients with trocar site bleeding after surgery were enrolled into the study. Demogra...

  17. Overlooked problem of laparoscopic surgery: trocar site bleeding

    OpenAIRE

    Dincel, Oğuzhan; Başak, Fatih; Kınacı, Erdem

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: Trocar site bleeding is a complication which can be overlooked and prevented if pay attention. It can lead to unwanted problems during surgery if not noticed. In our study, we aimed to investigate the problem that can be seen in every laparoscopic surgery.Material and Methods: We reviewed the cases who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy in our clinic between September 2012 - September 2015. Patients with trocar site bleeding after surgery were enrolled into the study. Demographic...

  18. Isolated renal hydatid cyst managed by laparoscopic transperitoneal nephrectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kartik J Shah

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Hydatid disease is a cyclozoonotic parasitic infestation caused by the cestode Echinococcus granulosus. Isolated renal involvement is extremely rare. A 45-year-old female, working as a farmer, presented with vague abdominal pain and hydatiduria. Ultrasonography of the abdomen revealed hydatid cyst arising from the right kidney. Computerized tomography scan of the abdomen confirmed the findings. Laparoscopic transperitoneal nephrectomy was performed. Isolated right renal hydatid cyst was removed in toto. Microscopic examination confirmed the diagnosis of hydatid cyst. Transperitoneal laparoscopic approach gives a better working space which helped us to remain outside Gerota′s fascia and prevent subsequent cyst rupture.

  19. Laparoscopic Unroofing and Aspiration-Sclerotherapy in the Management of Symptomatic Simple Renal Cysts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serdar Arisan

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Simple renal cysts are quite common in adults with an incidence that increases with age. Sclerosant treatment is very common, but the recurrence rate is high. Results are still under investigation for laparoscopic approaches and their long follow-up periods. Between 1998 and 2004, 21 patients were diagnosed with symptomatic renal cysts in our clinics. Initially, all patients underwent aspiration-sclerotherapy with 95% ethanol, the most common sclerosant, under ultrasound, fluoroscopy, or CT guidance. For those with sclerosant therapy failure, the laparoscopic unroofing method was used. Like open surgery, laparoscopic unroofing of the cyst appears to be effective by not only removing part of the cyst wall, but more importantly, by providing adequate drainage of the cyst. After sclerotherapy, 71% of the patients had recurrent pain and cyst on follow-up (at mean 14 months. This group of patients was cured with the laparoscopic unroofing method and there is still no recurrence.We emphasize the unroofing method as better than single session sclerotherapy. And also, laparoscopic unroofing of the cyst is more predictable and has better results than sclerotherapy aspiration.

  20. Pure laparoscopic and robot-assisted laparoscopic reconstructive surgery in congenital megaureter: a single institution experience.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Weijun Fu

    Full Text Available To report our experience of pure laparoscopic and robot-assisted laparoscopic reconstructive surgery in congenital megaureter, seven patients (one bilateral with symptomatic congenital megaureter underwent pure laparoscopic or robot-assisted laparoscopic surgery. The megaureter was exposed at the level of the blood vessel and was isolated to the bladder narrow area. Extreme ureter trim and submucosal tunnel encapsulation or papillary implantations and anti-reflux ureter bladder anastomosis were performed intraperitoneally by pure laparoscopic or robot-assisted laparoscopic surgery. The clinical data of seven patients after operation were analyzed, including the operation time, intraoperative complications, intraoperative bleeding volumes, postoperative complications, postoperative hospitalization time and pathological results. All of the patients were followed. The operation was successfully performed in seven patients. The mean operation times for pure laparoscopic surgery and robotic-assistant laparoscopic surgery were 175 (range: 150-220 and 187 (range: 170-205 min, respectively, and the mean operative blood loss volumes were 20 (range: 10-30 and 28.75 (range: 15-20 ml, respectively. There were no intraoperative complications. The postoperative drainage time was 5 (range: 4-6 and 5.75 (range: 5-6 d, respectively, and the indwelling catheter time was 6.33 (range: 4-8 d and 7 (range: 7-7 d, respectively. The postoperative hospitalization time was 7.67 (range: 7-8 d and 8 (range: 7-10 d, respectively. There was no obvious pain, no secondary bleeding and no urine leakage after the operation. Postoperative pathology reports revealed chronic urothelial mucosa inflammation. The follow-up results confirmed that all patients were relieved of their symptoms. Both pure laparoscopic and robot-assisted laparoscopic surgery using different anti-reflux ureter bladder anastomoses are safe and effective approaches in the minimally invasive treatment of

  1. Papillary renal cell carcinoma with metastatic laparoscopic port site and vaginal involvement: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fong Kah

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Laparoscopic port-site metastasis is a rare but well recognized outcome following surgery in urological cancers, with its etiology not clearly understood. Additionally, vaginal metastasis in clear cell renal cell carcinoma is rare, and has not been previously reported in the setting of papillary renal cell carcinoma. Case presentation We present the case of a 71-year-old Chinese woman with metastatic type II papillary renal cell carcinoma with histologically verified vaginal involvement and a concurrent laparoscopic port-site metastasis. This was also associated with a unique constellation of widely disseminated metastatic sites, which include a local relapse, the peritoneum and the urethra. Conclusion Laparoscopic port-site metastases are associated with the presence of advanced cancer with multiple sites of metastasis. We hypothesize from the findings of our report and background data that this phenomenon is more likely to be related to tumor factors rather than operative factors. We also present what is, to the best of our knowledge, the first reported case in the literature of vaginal and urethral metastasis and the second reported case of laparoscopic port-site recurrence.

  2. Recent results of laparoscopic surgery in inflammatory bowel disease

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hermann Kessler; Jonas Mudter; Werner Hohenberger

    2011-01-01

    Inflammatory bowel diseases are an ideal indication for the laparoscopic surgical approach as they are basi-cally benign diseases not requiring lymphadenectomy and extended mesenteric excision; well-established surgical procedures are available for the conventional approach. Inflammatory alterations and fragility of the bowel and mesentery, however, may demand a high level of laparoscopic experience. A broad spectrum of operations from the rather easy enterostomy formation for anal Crohn’s disease (CD) to restorative procto-colectomies for ulcerative colitis (UC) may be managed laparoscopically. The current evidence base for the use of laparoscopic techniques in the surgical therapy of inflammatory bowel diseases is presented. CD limited to the terminal ileum has become a common indication for laparoscopic surgical therapy. In severe anal CD, laparoscopic stoma formation is a standard procedure with low morbidity and short operative time. Studies comparing conventional and laparoscopic bowel resec-tions, have found shorter times to first postoperative bowel movements and shorter hospital stays as well as lower complication rates in favour of the laparoscopic approach. Even complicated cases with previous sur-gery, abscess formation and enteric fistulas may be op-erated on laparoscopically with a low morbidity. In UC, restorative proctocolectomy is the standard procedure in elective surgery. The demanding laparoscopic approach is increasingly used, however, mainly in major centers; its feasibility has been proven in various studies. An in-creased body mass index and acute inflammation of the bowel may be relative contraindications. Short and long-term outcomes like quality of life seem to be equivalent for open and laparoscopic surgery. Multiple studies have proven that the laparoscopic approach to CD and UC is a safe and successful alternative for selected patients. The appropriate selection criteria are still under inves-tigation. Technical considerations are

  3. Laparoscopic surgery of ovarian cyst in comparison with laparotomy ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Laparoscopic surgery of ovarian cyst in comparison with laparotomy at university hospital of Brazzaville. ... Open Access DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT ... The average age of patients was 32.2 years versus 33 years in laparoscopy to laparotomy.

  4. Retained needles in laparoscopic surgery: open or observe?

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Ruscher, Kimberly A; Modeste, Kevin A; Staff, Ilene; Papasavas, Pavlos K; Tishler, Darren S

    2014-01-01

    ...) during laparoscopic surgery. A survey presented a relevant case and 18 multiple-choice and open-response questions about personal experience with and attitudes toward RFBs, clinical practices, and management...

  5. Inflammatory response in laparoscopic vs. open surgery for gastric cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Okholm, Cecilie; Goetze, Jens Peter; Svendsen, Lars Bo

    2014-01-01

    lead to an increased susceptibility to complications and morbidity. The aim of this review was to investigate if laparoscopic surgery reduces the immunological response compared to open surgery in gastric cancer. METHODS: We conducted a literature search identifying relevant studies comparing......OBJECTIVE: Laparoscopic surgery may offer advantages compared to open surgery, such as earlier mobilization, less pain and lower post-surgical morbidity. Surgical stress is thought to be associated with the postoperative immunological changes in the body as an impaired immune function, which may...... laparoscopy or laparoscopic-assisted surgery with open gastric surgery. The main outcome was postoperative immunological status defined as surgical stress parameters, including inflammatory cytokines and blood parameters. RESULTS: We identified seven studies that addressed the immunological status in patients...

  6. Role of laparoscopic surgery in treatment of infertility

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivanka Šijanović

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available The role of laparoscopy in assisted reproduction is disputed by many. A rising problem of infertility is battled by an increasingnumber of centres for reproductive medicine in the region. Nevertheless,there is a large number of indications and conditionswhere laparoscopic surgery should not be avoided as a therapeuticchoice or an aid in assisted reproductive techniques (ART.The number of centres where laparoscopic surgery is performed is significantly higher than the number of reproductive centres; anumber of gynaecologists educated in laparoscopic gynaecologyis growing, making it more available for patients.

  7. Critical appraisal of laparoscopic vs open rectal cancer surgery

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Winson Jianhong Tan; Min Hoe Chew; Angela Renayanti Dharmawan; Manraj Singh; Sanchalika Acharyya; Carol Tien Tau Loi; Choong Leong Tang

    2016-01-01

    AIM:To evaluate the long-term clinical and oncological outcomes of laparoscopic rectal resection(LRR) and the impact of conversion in patients with rectal cancer.METHODS:An analysis was performed on a prospective database of 633 consecutive patients with rectal cancer who underwent surgical resection.Patients were compared in three groups:Open surgery(OP),laparoscopic surgery,and converted laparoscopic surgery.Short-term outcomes,long-term outcomes,and survival analysis were compared.RESULTS:Among 633 patients studied,200 patients had successful laparoscopic resections with a conversion rate of 11.1%(25 out of 225).Factors predictive of survival on univariate analysis include the laparoscopic approach(P = 0.016),together with factors such as age,ASA status,stage of disease,tumor grade,presence of perineural invasion and vascular emboli,circumferential resection margin < 2 mm,and postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy.The survival benefit of laparoscopic surgery was no longer significant on multivariateanalysis(P = 0.148).Neither 5-year overall survival(70.5% vs 61.8%,P = 0.217) nor 5-year cancer free survival(64.3% vs 66.6%,P = 0.854) were significantly different between the laparoscopic group and the converted group.CONCLUSION:LRR has equivalent long-term oncologic out c ome s w he n c ompare d t o OP.Laparos c opic conversion does not confer a worse prognosis.

  8. A STUDY OF EFFECTS OF ORAL CLONIDINE ON PREMEDICATION AND HAEMODYNAMIC CHANGES DURING LAPAROSCOPIC SURGERY

    OpenAIRE

    Sanjeev Rao; Mahesh,

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND Use of Clonidine as a premedicant started incidentally. Clonidine is a potent antihypertensive drug that suppresses RAAS. Clonidine may be beneficial during laparoscopy in patients with hypertension, cardiovascular and/or renal diseases. AIM OF STUDY To determine the effects of Oral Clonidine on premedication and haemodynamic changes during Laparoscopic surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS Study was conducted on 60 adult patients belonging to ASA physical...

  9. Laparoscopic and robot-assisted laparoscopic digestive surgery: Present and future directions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodríguez-Sanjuán, Juan C; Gómez-Ruiz, Marcos; Trugeda-Carrera, Soledad; Manuel-Palazuelos, Carlos; López-Useros, Antonio; Gómez-Fleitas, Manuel

    2016-01-01

    Laparoscopic surgery is applied today worldwide to most digestive procedures. In some of them, such as cholecystectomy, Nissen’s fundoplication or obesity surgery, laparoscopy has become the standard in practice. In others, such as colon or gastric resection, the laparoscopic approach is frequently used and its usefulness is unquestionable. More complex procedures, such as esophageal, liver or pancreatic resections are, however, more infrequently performed, due to the high grade of skill necessary. As a result, there is less clinical evidence to support its implementation. In the recent years, robot-assisted laparoscopic surgery has been increasingly applied, again with little evidence for comparison with the conventional laparoscopic approach. This review will focus on the complex digestive procedures as well as those whose use in standard practice could be more controversial. Also novel robot-assisted procedures will be updated. PMID:26877605

  10. Bariatric Surgery as a Bridge to Renal Transplantation in Patients with End-Stage Renal Disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Bahri, Shadi; Fakhry, Tannous K; Gonzalvo, John Paul; Murr, Michel M

    2017-05-13

    Obesity is a relative contraindication to organ transplantation. Preliminary reports suggest that bariatric surgery may be used as a bridge to transplantation in patients who are not eligible for transplantation because of morbid obesity. The Bariatric Center at Tampa General Hospital, University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida. We reviewed the outcomes of 16 consecutive patients on hemodialysis for end-stage renal disease (ESRD) who underwent bariatric surgery from 1998 to 2016. Demographics, comorbidities, weight loss, as well as transplant status were reported. Data is mean ± SD. Six men and ten women aged 43-66 years (median = 54 years) underwent laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB, n = 12), laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB, n = 3), or laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG, n = 1). Preoperative BMI was 48 ± 8 kg/m(2). Follow-up to date was 1-10 years (median = 2.8 years); postoperative BMI was 31 ± 7 kg/m(2); %EBWL was 62 ± 24. Four patients underwent renal transplantation (25%) between 2.5-5 years after bariatric surgery. Five patients are currently listed for transplantation. Five patients were not listed for transplantation due to persistent comorbidities; two of these patients died as a consequence of their comorbidities (12.5%) more than 1 year after bariatric surgery. Two patients were lost to follow-up (12.5%). Bariatric surgery is effective in patients with ESRD and improves access to renal transplantation. Bariatric surgery offers a safe approach to weight loss and improvement in comorbidities in the majority of patients. Referrals of transplant candidates with obesity for bariatric surgery should be considered early in the course of ESRD.

  11. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy causes less sleep disturbance than open abdominal surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gögenur, I; Rosenberg-Adamsen, S; Kiil, C

    2001-01-01

    was present 1 week after laparoscopy and 4 weeks after laparotomy. CONCLUSIONS: After laparotomy, total sleep time increased and there was a change in diurnal sleep distribution. These sleep alterations were less pronounced after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Thus, sleep architecture was disturbed for ?4......BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to examine subjective sleep quality before and after laparoscopic vs open abdominal surgery. METHODS: Twelve patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy and 15 patients undergoing laparotomy were evaluated with the aid of a sleep questionnaire from 4 days...... before until 4 weeks after surgery. RESULTS: Following laparoscopic surgery, total sleep time increased during the 1st week after the operation compared with preoperative values (p = 0.02), whereas sleep duration during weeks 2, 3, and 4 did not differ from the times reported preoperatively. Following...

  12. Wound complications following laparoscopic surgery in a Nigerian Hospital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adewale O Adisa

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Different complications may occur at laparoscopic port sites. The incidence of these varies with the size of the ports and the types of procedure performed through them. Objectives: The aim was to observe the rate and types of complications attending laparoscopic port wounds and to identify risk factors for their occurrence. Patients and Methods: This is a prospective descriptive study of all patients who had laparoscopic operations in one general surgery unit of a University Teaching Hospital in Nigeria between January 2009 and December 2012. Results: A total of 236 (155 female and 81 male patients were included. The laparoscopic procedures include 63 cholecystectomies, 49 appendectomies, 62 diagnostic, biopsy and staging procedures, 22 adhesiolyses, six colonic surgeries, eight hernia repairs and 22 others. Port site complications occurred in 18 (2.8% ports on 16 (6.8% patients including port site infections in 12 (5.1% and hypertrophic scars in 4 (1.7% patients, while one patient each had port site bleeding and port site metastasis. Nine of 11 infections were superficial, while eight involved the umbilical port wound. Conclusion: Port site complications are few following laparoscopic surgeries in our setting. We advocate increased adoption of laparoscopic surgeries in Nigeria to reduce wound complications that commonly follow conventional open surgeries.

  13. Laparoscopic rectal cancer surgery: Where do we stand?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Mukta K Krane; Alessandro Fichera

    2012-01-01

    Large comparative studies and multiple prospective randomized control trials (RCTs) have reported equivalence in short and long-term outcomes between the open and laparoscopic approaches for the surgical treatment of colon cancer which has heralded widespread acceptance for laparoscopic resection of colon cancer.In contrast,laparoscopic total mesorectal excision (TME) for the treatment of rectal cancer has been welcomed with significantly less enthusiasm.While it is likely that patients with rectal cancer will experience the same benefits of early recovery and decreased postoperative pain from the laparoscopic approach,whether the same oncologic clearance,specifically an adequate TME can be obtained is of concern.The aim of the current study is to review the current level of evidence in the literature on laparoscopic rectal cancer surgery with regard to short-term and long-term oncologic outcomes.The data from 8 RCTs,3 metaanalyses,and 2 Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews was reviewed.Current data suggests that laparoscopic rectal cancer resection may benefit patients with reduced blood loss,earlier retum of bowel function,and shorter hospital length of stay.Concerns that laparoscopic rectal cancer surgery compromises shortterm oncologic outcomes including number of lymph nodes retrieved and circumferential resection margin and jeopardizes long-term oncologic outcomes has not conclusively been refuted by the available literature.Laparoscopic rectal cancer resection is feasible but whether or not it compromises short-term or long-term results still needs to be further studied.

  14. A laparoscopic approach is associated with a decreased incidence of SSI in patients undergoing palliative surgery for malignant bowel obstruction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maeda, Yoshiaki; Shinohara, Toshiki; Katayama, Tomonari; Minagawa, Nozomi; Sunahara, Masao; Nagatsu, Akihisa; Futakawa, Noriaki; Hamada, Tomonori

    2017-06-01

    Several authors have reported on the utility of a laparoscopic approach for the palliation of malignant bowel obstruction (MBO); however, the advantages of laparoscopic surgery for MBO have not yet been confirmed. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients who underwent palliative surgery for MBO between 2007 and 2015. Laparoscopic procedures have been performed when technically possible since 2014. Successful palliation was defined as the ability to tolerate solid food (TSF) for at least 2 weeks. Twenty-two patients underwent laparoscopic palliative surgery, and 171 patients underwent conventional open palliative surgery to relieve the symptoms of MBO. Laparoscopic palliative surgery was performed for patients with MBO due to colorectal cancer (n = 12), uterine cancer (n = 3), and other types of cancers (including gastric, prostate, and renal cancer). The following laparoscopic procedures were performed: stoma placement (n = 18), palliative resection (n = 3) and bypass (n = 2). The median operative time was 100 min and the median operative blood loss was 9 ml. The laparoscopic palliative operation allowed 91% (20/22) of the patients to consume a solid diet for more than 2 weeks, and be discharged from hospital. There were no significant differences between laparoscopic surgery and open surgery with regard to the ability to TSF or the postoperative mortality rate. The postoperative morbidity (Clavien-Dindo Grade ≥ II) rates in the laparoscopic and open surgery groups were 14% and 32%, respectively. Laparoscopic surgery led to a significantly lower rate of postoperative surgical site infection (SSI) in comparison to open surgery (4.5% vs 32%; P = 0.0053). A laparoscopic approach in palliative surgery for MBO was safe and feasible, and was associated with a lower incidence of SSIs. By minimizing the postoperative morbidity rate, the laparoscopic approach may provide significant benefits to patients with MBO who have a limited life

  15. Laparoscopic nephrectomy for complete renal infarction due to post traumatic renal artery thrombosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gidaro, Stefano; Schips, Luigi; Cindolo, Luca; Ziguener, Richard

    2008-06-01

    We report a case of post traumatic thrombosis of the renal artery with renal infarction and associated liver injury. Conservative treatment was initially planned in consideration of the delayed diagnosis (> 3 hours), but the patient subsequently developed hypertension not controllable with anti-hypertensive drugs. He underwent laparoscopy with nephrectomy and liver injury repair. Hypertension resolved after nephrectomy without further medical treatment. Laparoscopic nephrectomy is not a standard procedure for renal trauma but it could be an option in selected patients.

  16. Pure Laparoscopic Radical Heminephrectomy for a Large Renal-Cell Carcinoma in a Horseshoe Kidney

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael B Reboucas

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction Horseshoe Kidneys are the most common renal fusion anomaly. When surgery is contemplated for renal-cell carcinoma in such kidneys, aberrant vasculature and isthmusectomy are the major issues to consider. We describe a case of a pure laparoscopic radical heminephrectomy with hand-sewn management of the isthmus for a 11 cm tumour in a horseshoe kidney. Presentation A 47-year-old man complaining of palpable left flank mass for two months. Magnetic resonance of the abdomen revealed a 11 cm renal mass arising from the left moiety of an incidentally discovered horseshoe kidney. Preoperative CT angiography revealed a dominant anterior renal artery feeding the upper and midpole, with two other arteries feeding the lower pole and isthmus. The patient was placed in a modified flank position. A four-port transperitoneal technique was used, the colon was reflected. Renal pedicle was dissected and the renal arteries and renal vein were secured with polymer clips. The kidney was fully mobilized and a Satinsky clamp was placed on the isthmus for its division. A running 2-0 vicryl hand-sewn was used for parenchyma hemostasis. The specimen was extracted intact in a plastic bag through an inguinal incision. Results The operative time was 220 minutes, and the estimated blood loss was 200 mL. There were no immediate or delayed complications. The patient resumed oral intake on postoperative day 1 and was discharged on postoperative day 2. Pathologic examination of the specimen confirmed a 11 cm organ-confined chromophobe renal-cell carcinoma, with negative margins. Discussion Laparoscopic oncologic surgery in patients with horseshoe kidneys can be technically challenging. The presence of a large cancer in a horseshoe kidney should not preclude a purely laparoscopic approach. With the aid of a Satinsky clamp, the isthmus can be sharply divided and sutured in a fashion similar to the open technique. To our knowledge, this report represents the largest

  17. Friction characteristics of trocars in laparoscopic surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alazmani, Ali; Roshan, Rupesh; Jayne, David G; Neville, Anne; Culmer, Peter

    2015-04-01

    This article investigates the friction characteristics of the instrument-trocar interface in laparoscopic surgery for varying linear instrument velocities, trocar seal design and material, and trocar tilt. Furthermore, the effect of applying lubrication at the instrument-trocar seal interface on friction was studied. A friction testing apparatus was designed and built to characterise the resistance force at the instrument-trocar interface as a function of the instrument's linear movement in the 12-mm trocar (at constant velocity) for different design, seal material, and angle of tilt. The resistance force depended on the trocar seal design and material properties, specifically surface roughness, elasticity, hardness, the direction of movement, and the instrument linear velocity, and varied between 0.25 and 8 N. Lubricating the shaft with silicone oil reduced the peak resistance force by 75% for all trocars and eliminated the stick-slip phenomenon evident in non-lubricated cases. The magnitude of fluctuation in resistance force depends on the trocar design and is attributed to stick-slip of the sealing mechanism and is generally higher during retraction in comparison to insertion. Trocars that have an inlet seal made of rubber/polyurethane showed higher resistance forces during retraction. Use of a lubricant significantly reduced frictional effects. Comparisons of the investigated trocars indicate that a low friction port, providing the surgeon with improved haptic feedback, can be designed by improving the tribological properties of the trocar seal interface.

  18. Laparoscopic surgery in the management of Crohn’s disease

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    James; Y; Lim; Joseph; Kim; Scott; Q; Nguyen

    2014-01-01

    Crohn’s disease is a chronic inflammatory bowel disease with surgery still frequently necessary in its treatment. Since the 1990’s, laparoscopic surgery has become increasingly common for primary resections in patients with Crohn’s disease and has now become the standard of care. Studies have shown no difference in recurrence rates when compared to open surgery and benefits include shorter hospital stay, lower rates of wound infection and decreased time to bowel function. This review highlights studies comparing the laparoscopic approach to the open approach in specific situations, including cases of complicated Crohn’s disease.

  19. Outcomes From an Enhanced Recovery Program for Laparoscopic Gastric Surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wong-Chong, Nathalie; Kehlet, Henrik; Grantcharov, Teodor P

    2016-01-01

    PURPOSE: To examine the outcomes from an enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) program for laparoscopic gastric surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective study of patients undergoing elective laparoscopic gastric resection in an ERAS protocol at a single institution between 2008...... (range, 9 to 47). The median length of hospital stay was 4 (range, 1 to 44) days. The conversion rate to open surgery was 11.6%. Four patients (4.7%) had an anastomotic leak. Three patients had postoperative bleeding (4.7%). About 4.7% (n=4) of the patients required readmission and 8.1% required...

  20. Laparoscopic colonic surgery in Denmark 2004-2007

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schulze, S.; Iversen, M.G.; Bendixen, A.

    2008-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: Laparoscopic colonic surgery was introduced about 15 years ago and has together with the evidence-based 'fast-track' methodology improved early postoperative outcome. The purpose of this study was to asses the organization and early outcome after laparoscopic colonic surgery in Denmark...... from 2004 to 2007. METHOD: Based upon the National Patient Register, all laparoscopic colonic operations performed in Denmark between January 2004 and December 2006 were analysed regarding number of hospital departments and procedures, hospital stay, readmissions and mortality. RESULTS: One thousand...... one hundred and forty-nine laparoscopic colonic resections without simultaneous stoma formation were performed in the study period. Twenty-five departments performed the procedures but only four departments performed more than 100 procedures. The median length of primary stay was 4 days (mean 7.7 days...

  1. Laparoscopic hysterectomy : predictors of quality of surgery

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Twijnstra, Andries Roelof Huig

    2013-01-01

    Although hospitals increasingly opt for the laparoscopic over the conventional approach and the decline in diagnostic procedures is well compensated by an increase in numbers of all types of therapeutic procedures, the implementation of laparoscopic hysterectomy in the Netherlands seems to be hamper

  2. Laparoscopic gastric surgery in an enhanced recovery programme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grantcharov, T P; Kehlet, H

    2010-01-01

    Laparoscopy is associated with less pain and organ dysfunction than open surgery. Improved perioperative care (enhanced recovery programmes, fast-track methodology) has also led to reduced morbidity and a shorter hospital stay. The effects of a combination of laparoscopic resection and accelerated...... recovery have not been examined previously in the context of gastric surgery....

  3. Benign peritoneal multicystic mesothelioma diagnosed and treated by laparoscopic surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saad, Stefan; Brockmann, Michael; Maegele, Marc

    2007-10-01

    Benign cystic mesothelioma is a rare pathology predominantly encountered in females. The increased use of laparoscopy for abdominal pain, particularly in female patients, implies that surgeons are aware of the macro- and laparoscopic presentation of this tumor for adequate diagnosis and therapy. In this paper, we present the case of a young woman with benign multicystic mesothelioma in which only laparoscopy led to the appropriate diagnosis. Subsequently, the tumor was removed by laparoscopic surgery.

  4. Ovarian Vein Thrombosis as a Complication of Laparoscopic Surgery

    OpenAIRE

    Anu Gupta; Natasha Gupta; Josef Blankstein; Richard Trester

    2015-01-01

    Ovarian vein thrombosis (OVT) is an extremely rare but life-threatening complication of the postpartum period. It has never been reported as a complication of laparoscopic surgery. We report a case of right ovarian vein thrombosis that occurred in the postoperative period after patient underwent laparoscopic salpingectomy for a right side ectopic pregnancy. She presented with 1-week history of abdominal pain and fever. A complete workup for fever was performed and was found negative. Computed...

  5. Learning curve for laparoendoscopic single-site surgery for an experienced laparoscopic surgeon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pao-Ling Torng

    2013-11-01

    Conclusion: LESS is a safe and feasible alternative to conventional laparoscopic surgery for adnexal and uterine diseases. A learning curve is not required for LESS surgery for experienced laparoscopic surgeons.

  6. Re-laparoscopy in the diagnosis and treatment of postoperative complications following laparoscopic colorectal surgery.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    O'Riordan, J M

    2013-08-01

    Laparoscopic colorectal surgery has increasingly become the standard of care in the management of both benign and malignant colorectal disease. We herein describe our experience with laparoscopy in the management of complications following laparoscopic colorectal surgery.

  7. Endolaparoscopic left hemicolectomy and synchronous laparoscopic radical nephrectomy for obstructive carcinoma of the descending colon and renal cell carcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ng, Simon S M; Yiu, Raymond Y C; Li, Jimmy C M; Chan, Chi Kwok; Ng, Chi Fai; Lau, James Y W

    2006-06-01

    Colorectal self-expandable metal stents (SEMS) have been used successfully as preoperative bridges to surgery for obstructive left-sided colorectal carcinoma. Endoscopic relief of the obstruction allows for full bowel preparation and accurate preoperative staging. A laparoscopic approach, considered by many to be contraindicated in the presence of obstruction, becomes feasible after endoscopic decompression. We present a case of obstructive carcinoma of the descending colon successfully treated with endoscopic decompression with colorectal SEMS. Subsequent staging with computed tomography revealed a renal cell carcinoma in the left kidney. Synchronous laparoscopic resection of the two carcinomas was performed, with no morbidity. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of endolaparoscopic left hemicolectomy and synchronous laparoscopic radical nephrectomy for obstructive carcinoma of the descending colon and renal cell carcinoma. The advantages of colorectal SEMS and the endolaparoscopic approach in managing obstructive colorectal carcinoma are discussed.

  8. Measurement of the Physical Properties during Laparoscopic Surgery Performed on Pigs by Using Forceps with Pressure Sensors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hiroyuki Yamanaka

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Objectives. Here we developed a unique training system, a patient specific virtual reality simulator, for laparoscopic renal surgery. To develop the simulator, it was important to first identify the physical properties of the organ. Methods. We recorded the force measured during laparoscopic surgery performed on pigs by using forceps with pressure sensors. Several sensors, including strain gauges, accelerometers, and a potentiometer, are attached to the forceps. Results. Throughout the experiment, we measured the reaction force in response to the forceps movement in real time. Conclusions. The experiment showed the possibility of digitizing these physical properties in humans as well.

  9. Real-time image guidance in laparoscopic liver surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kenngott, Hannes G.; Wagner, Martin; Gondan, Matthias

    2014-01-01

    . This study aims to evaluate the feasibility of a commercially available augmented reality (AR) guidance system employing intraoperative robotic C-arm cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) for laparoscopic liver surgery. Methods: A human liver-like phantom with sixteen target fiducials was used to evaluate......Background: Laparoscopic liver surgery is particularly challenging owing to restricted access, risk of bleeding and lack of haptic feedback. Navigation systems have the potential to improve information on the exact position of intrahepatic tumors, and thus facilitate oncological resection.......49 mm. The patient successfully underwent the operation and showed no post-operative complications. Conclusion: The use of intraoperative CBCT and AR for laparoscopic liver resection is feasible and could be considered an option for future liver surgery in complex cases....

  10. Decreased risk of surgery for small bowel obstruction after laparoscopic colon cancer surgery compared with open surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Kristian Kiim; Erichsen, Rune; Scheike, Thomas

    2016-01-01

    . The HR for mortality after colonic resection was 2.54 (CI 1.91 to 3.38, P surgery as compared to those who did not. CONCLUSIONS: Laparoscopic surgery for colonic cancer was associated with a decreased risk of subsequent SBO surgery compared with open...... surgery. Further, subsequent SBO surgery was associated with increased mortality after colonic cancer resection.......BACKGROUND: The impact of surgical approach on the incidence of small bowel obstruction (SBO) is unclear. The aim of the current study was to analyze the long-term risk of surgery for SBO after open and laparoscopic surgery and to assess how subsequent SBO surgery impacts on mortality after colonic...

  11. Laparoscopic surgery for intestinal and urinary endometriosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Redwine, D B; Sharpe, D R

    1995-12-01

    Intestinal and urinary tract involvement by endometriosis may be symptomatic, particularly when invasive disease is present. Even in expert hands, complete excision of all invasive disease cannot be accomplished laparoscopically in every case. The practitioner must balance enthusiasm for the advantages of a laparoscopic approach with limitations of time and skill. Laparoscopy should be abandoned in a particular case if a better job can be performed by laparotomy. Hysterectomy with castration may not relieve symptoms due to invasive disease.

  12. Incisional hernias after open versus laparoscopic surgery for colonic cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Kristian K.; Krarup, Peter-Martin; Scheike, Thomas;

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic surgery for colonic cancer decreases the incidence of postoperative complications and length of hospital stay as compared with open surgery, while the oncologic outcome remains equivalent. It is unknown whether the surgical approach impacts on the long-term rate of incisi......BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic surgery for colonic cancer decreases the incidence of postoperative complications and length of hospital stay as compared with open surgery, while the oncologic outcome remains equivalent. It is unknown whether the surgical approach impacts on the long-term rate...... of incisional hernia. Furthermore, risk factors for incisional hernia formation are not fully elucidated. The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term effect of elective open versus laparoscopic surgery for colonic cancer on development of incisional hernia. METHODS: This nationwide cohort study included...... were performed. RESULTS: A total of 8489 patients were included, with a median follow-up of 8.8 (interquartile range 7.0-10.7) years. The incidence of incisional hernia was increased among patients operated on with open techniques compared with patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery (7.3 vs. 5.2 %, p...

  13. Data analyses and perspectives on laparoscopic surgery for esophageal achalasia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsuboi, Kazuto; Omura, Nobuo; Yano, Fumiaki; Hoshino, Masato; Yamamoto, Se-Ryung; Akimoto, Shunsuke; Masuda, Takahiro; Kashiwagi, Hideyuki; Yanaga, Katsuhiko

    2015-10-14

    In general, the treatment methods for esophageal achalasia are largely classified into four groups, including drug therapy using nitrite or a calcium channel blocker, botulinum toxin injection, endoscopic therapy such as endoscopic balloon dilation, and surgery. Various studies have suggested that the most effective treatment of esophageal achalasia is surgical therapy. The basic concept of this surgical therapy has not changed since Heller proposed esophageal myotomy for the purpose of resolution of lower esophageal obstruction for the first time in 1913, but the most common approach has changed from open-chest surgery to laparoscopic surgery. Currently, the laparoscopic surgery has been the procedure of choice for the treatment of esophageal achalasia. During the process of the transition from open-chest surgery to laparotomy, to thoracoscopic surgery, and to laparoscopic surgery, the necessity of combining antireflux surgery has been recognized. There is some debate as to which type of antireflux surgery should be selected. The Toupet fundoplication may be the most effective in prevention of postoperative antireflux, but many medical institutions have selected the Dor fundoplication which covers the mucosal surface exposed by myotomy. Recently, a new endoscopic approach, peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM), has received attention. Future studies should examine the long-term outcomes and whether POEM becomes the gold standard for the treatment of esophageal achalasia.

  14. Porcine Model In The Laparoscopic Liver Surgery Training

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Komorowski Andrzej L.

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the study was to evaluate the possibility to use live anesthetized pigs as a model for laparoscopic liver resection. During two days laparoscopy course two trainees were operating on two live animals performing exposure of the liver, Pringle manoeuver, division of liver ligaments, dissecting of the structures inside the hepatoduodenal ligament, dissection of the hepatic veins and left lateral liver sectionectomy. Exposure of the liver and Pringle manoeuver were performed correctly within 50 and 35 minutes. Left lateral sectionectomy has been performed correctly within 2 hours. The full dissection of the hepatoduodenal ligament and exposure of the hepatic veins were judged as insufficient by experienced laparoscopic tutors. There was one injury to the suprahepatic vena cava that was managed laparoscopically. The porcine model can be used as an advanced training for laparoscopic liver surgery.

  15. Laparoscope use and surgical site infections in digestive surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Romy, Sébastien; Eisenring, Marie-Christine; Bettschart, Vincent; Petignat, Christiane; Francioli, Patrick; Troillet, Nicolas

    2008-04-01

    To compare surgical site infection (SSI) rates in open or laparoscopic appendectomy, cholecystectomy, and colon surgery. To investigate the effect of laparoscopy on SSI in these interventions. Lower rates of SSI have been reported among various advantages associated with laparoscopy when compared with open surgery, particularly in cholecystectomy. However, biases such as the lack of postdischarge follow-up and confounding factors might have contributed to the observed differences between the 2 techniques. This observational study was based on prospectively collected data from an SSI surveillance program in 8 Swiss hospitals between March 1998 and December 2004, including a standardized postdischarge follow-up. SSI rates were compared between laparoscopic and open interventions. Factors associated with SSI were identified by using logistic regression models to adjust for potential confounding factors. SSI rates in laparoscopic and open interventions were respectively 59/1051 (5.6%) versus 117/1417 (8.3%) in appendectomy (P = 0.01), 46/2606 (1.7%) versus 35/444 (7.9%) in cholecystectomy (P < 0.0001), and 35/311 (11.3%) versus 400/1781 (22.5%) in colon surgery (P < 0.0001). After adjustment, laparoscopic interventions were associated with a decreased risk for SSI: OR = 0.61 (95% CI 0.43-0.87) in appendectomy, 0.27 (0.16-0.43) in cholecystectomy, and 0.43 (0.29-0.63) in colon surgery. The observed effect of laparoscopic techniques was due to a reduction in the rates of incisional infections, rather than in those of organ/space infections. When feasible, a laparoscopic approach should be preferred over open surgery to lower the risks of SSI.

  16. Off-Clamp Laparoscopic Partial Nephrectomy for a Fat-Poor Angiomyolipoma Arising from the Renal Capsule: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Koichi Kodama

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Renal function can be significantly preserved after nephron-sparing surgery by decreasing the intraoperative ischemic duration or by performing off-clamp surgery. We report the case of a 56-year-old woman diagnosed with a minimal-fat angiomyolipoma arising from the renal capsule, which was successfully treated by retroperitoneoscopic partial nephrectomy without hilar clamping. Computed tomography revealed a 16 × 13 mm homogenous lenticular mass protruding from the lateral aspect of the left kidney. On both T1- and T2-weighted magnetic resonance images, the mass exhibited homogenous low-signal intensity and well-defined margins. Laparoscopic magnification indicated that the exophytic tumor was attached to the renal cortex by a small peduncle. The tumor was resected completely with negative surgical margin. The estimated glomerular filtration rate after surgery was nearly equal to that before surgery. Off-clamp laparoscopic partial nephrectomy is a feasible surgical option to prevent ischemic renal damage in select patients presenting with small, exophytic, and peripheral renal masses.

  17. Immersive training and mentoring for laparoscopic surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nistor, Vasile; Allen, Brian; Dutson, E.; Faloutsos, P.; Carman, G. P.

    2007-04-01

    We describe in this paper a training system for minimally invasive surgery (MIS) that creates an immersive training simulation by recording the pathways of the instruments from an expert surgeon while performing an actual training task. Instrument spatial pathway data is stored and later accessed at the training station in order to visualize the ergonomic experience of the expert surgeon and trainees. Our system is based on tracking the spatial position and orientation of the instruments on the console for both the expert surgeon and the trainee. The technology is the result of recent developments in miniaturized position sensors that can be integrated seamlessly into the MIS instruments without compromising functionality. In order to continuously monitor the positions of laparoscopic tool tips, DC magnetic tracking sensors are used. A hardware-software interface transforms the coordinate data points into instrument pathways, while an intuitive graphic user interface displays the instruments spatial position and orientation for the mentor/trainee, and endoscopic video information. These data are recorded and saved in a database for subsequent immersive training and training performance analysis. We use two 6 DOF DC magnetic trackers with a sensor diameter of just 1.3 mm - small enough for insertion into 4 French catheters, embedded in the shaft of a endoscopic grasper and a needle driver. One sensor is located at the distal end of the shaft while the second sensor is located at the proximal end of the shaft. The placement of these sensors does not impede the functionally of the instrument. Since the sensors are located inside the shaft there are no sealing issues between the valve of the trocar and the instrument. We devised a peg transfer training task in accordance to validated training procedures, and tested our system on its ability to differentiate between the expert surgeon and the novices, based on a set of performance metrics. These performance metrics

  18. Laparoscopic treatment for renal hydatid cyst.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rabii, Redouane; Mezzour, Mohamed Hicham; Essaki, Hicham; Fekak, Hamid; Joual, Abdenbi; Meziane, Fethi

    2006-03-01

    A multivesicular hydatid cyst was removed from the left kidney of a 26-year-old woman by retroperitoneal laparoscopy to avoid contamination of the abdominal cavity. A scolicidal agent (20% hypertonic saline) was injected around the kidney initially and then instilled into the cyst after the contents had been evacuated. There were no complications and no anaphylactic shock. This appears to be the first reported case of treatment of renal hydatid cyst by laparoscopy.

  19. The pitfalls of laparoscopic surgery: challenges for robotics and telerobotic surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ballantyne, Garth H

    2002-02-01

    After its debut in 1988, laparoscopic cholecystectomy rapidly became the standard of care for cholelithiasis, yet very few surgeons use minimally invasive techniques for other abdominal operations. Why do most surgeons continue to perform traditional open gastrointestinal operations? We believe that the answer to this question lies in the fact that advanced laparoscopic operations are difficult to learn, perform, and master. A number of inherent pitfalls of laparoscopy hinder the performance of these operations even after the surgeon has accumulated years of experience. These pitfalls include an unstable video camera platform, limited motion (degrees of freedom) of straight laparoscopic instruments, two-dimensional imaging, and poor ergonomics for the surgeon. Inexperienced or bored laparoscopic camera-holders move the camera frequently and rotate it away from the horizon. The long, straight laparoscopic instruments are limited in their motion by the fixation enforced by the abdominal wall trocars. Similarly, the standard two-dimensional video imaging used in most laparoscopic operations impedes the surgeon's depth perception, compounding the limitations of laparoscopic instruments. In addition, surgeons are forced to assume ergonomically awkward stances in performing many laparoscopic operations. These four factors hinder a surgeon's efforts to learn and to perform advanced laparoscopic operations, significantly lengthening the learning curve. The articles presented in this issue suggest that robotics and telerobotics offer solutions to these nagging pitfalls of laparoscopic surgery.

  20. Clipless management of the renal vein during hand-assist laparoscopic donor nephrectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosenblatt Gregory S

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Laparoscopic live donor nephrectomy has become the preferred method of donor nephrectomy at many transplant centers. The laparoscopic stapling device is commonly used for division of the renal vessels. Malfunction of the stapling device can occur, and is often due to interference from previously placed clips. We report our experience with a clipless technique in which no vascular clips are placed on tributaries of the renal vein at or near the renal hilum in order to avoid laparoscopic stapling device misfires. Methods From December 20, 2002 to April 12, 2005, 50 patients underwent hand-assisted laparoscopic left donor nephrectomy (LDN at our institution. Clipless management of the renal vein tributaries was used in all patients, and these vessels were divided using either a laparoscopic stapling device or the LigaSureTM device (Valleylab, Boulder, CO. The medical and operative records of the donors and recipients were reviewed to evaluate patient outcomes. Results The mean follow-up time was 14 months. Of the 50 LDN procedures, there were no laparoscopic stapling device malfunctions and no vascular complications. All renal allografts were functioning at the time of follow-up. Conclusion Laparoscopic stapling device failure due to deployment across previously placed surgical clips during laparoscopic live donor nephrectomy can be prevented by not placing clips on the tributaries of the renal vein. In our series, there were no vascular complications and no device misfires. We believe this clipless technique improves the safety of laparoscopic donor nephrectomy.

  1. Abdominal wall paresis as a complication of laparoscopic surgery

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    G.H. van Ramshorst (Gabrielle); G.J. Kleinrensink (Gert Jan); J.J. Hermans (John); T. Terkivatan (Türkan); J.F. Lange (Johan)

    2009-01-01

    textabstractPurpose: Abdominal wall nerve injury as a result of trocar placement for laparoscopic surgery is rare. We intend to discuss causes of abdominal wall paresis as well as relevant anatomy. Methods: A review of the nerve supply of the abdominal wall is illustrated with a rare case of a patie

  2. Robot-assisted laparoscopic hiatal hernia and antireflux surgery

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tolboom, R. C.; Broeders, I. A M J; Draaisma, W. A.

    2015-01-01

    Gastroesophageal reflux disease is a common disorder of the GE-junction that allows gastric acid to enter the esophagus. Surgery is indicated when the presence of the disease is objectively documented. The laparoscopic Toupet fundoplication is the preferred treatment of GERD. There is no clear advan

  3. Robot-assisted laparoscopic hiatal hernia and antireflux surgery

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tolboom, R. C.; Broeders, I. A M J; Draaisma, W. A.

    2015-01-01

    Gastroesophageal reflux disease is a common disorder of the GE-junction that allows gastric acid to enter the esophagus. Surgery is indicated when the presence of the disease is objectively documented. The laparoscopic Toupet fundoplication is the preferred treatment of GERD. There is no clear

  4. Recovery and convalescence after laparoscopic surgery for appendicitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kleif, Jakob; Vilandt, Jesper; Gögenur, Ismail

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Information about predictors for the duration of convalescence and the overall general wellbeing after laparoscopic surgery for suspected appendicitis is missing in the scientific literature. We aimed to describe and identify predictors for the duration of convalescence and the qualit...

  5. Single-Access Laparoscopic Rectal Surgery Is Technically Feasible

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siripong Sirikurnpiboon

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Single-access laparoscopic surgery (SALS has been successfully introduced for colectomy surgery; however, for mid to low rectum procedures such as total mesorectal excision, it can be technically complicated. In this study, we introduced a single-access technique for rectum cancer operations without the use of other instruments. Aims. To show the short-term results of single-access laparoscopic rectal surgery in terms of pathologic results and immediate complications. Settings and Design. Prospective study. Materials and Methods. We selected middle rectum to anal canal cancer patients to undergo single-access laparoscopic rectal resection for rectal cancer. All patients had total mesorectal excisions. An umbilical incision was made for the insertion of a single multichannel port, and a mesocolic window was created to identify the inferior mesenteric artery and vein. Total mesorectal excision was performed. There were no perioperative complications. The mean operative time was 269 minutes; the median hospital stay was 7 days; the mean wound size was 5.5 cm; the median number of harvested lymph nodes was 15; and all patients had intact mesorectal capsules. Statistical Analysis Used. Mean, minimum–maximum. Conclusion. Single-access laparoscopic surgery for rectal cancer is feasible while oncologic principles and patient safety are maintained.

  6. Laparoscopic versus open surgery for adnexal tumor in pregnant women

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu-Jin Koo

    2013-05-01

    Conclusion: Adnexal surgery during pregnancy could be performed in safety for both mother and fetus. The laparoscopic approach particularly offered more benefit than laparotomy in terms of surgical outcome and was shown to be as safe as laparotomy regarding obstetric complications such as miscarriage and preterm labor.

  7. Multispectral characterization of tissues encountered during laparoscopic colorectal surgery

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schols, R.M.; Dunias, P.; Wieringa, F.P.; Stassen, L.P.

    2013-01-01

    Aims: This study investigated the feasibility of automated differentiation between essential tissue types encountered during laparoscopic colorectal surgery using spectral analysis. Methods: Wide band (440-1830 nm) spectra were collected using an optical fiber probe and spectrometer from freshly exp

  8. Is deep neuromuscular blockade beneficial in laparoscopic surgery?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, M V; Staehr-Rye, A K; Claudius, C;

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Deep neuromuscular blockade during laparoscopic surgery may provide some clinical benefit. We present the 'Pro-' argument in this paired position paper. METHODS: We reviewed recent evidence from a basic database of references which we agreed on with the 'Con-' side, and present this i...

  9. Evidence-based postoperative pain management after laparoscopic colorectal surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Joshi, G P; Bonnet, F; Kehlet, H

    2013-01-01

    undergoing laparoscopic colorectal surgery, and reporting pain scores, were retrieved from the Embase and MEDLINE databases. The efficacy and adverse effects of the analgesic techniques was assessed. The recommendations were based on procedure-specific evidence from a systematic review and supplementary...

  10. Well-leg compartment syndrome after gynecological laparoscopic surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Boesgaard-Kjer, Diana H; Boesgaard-Kjer, Daniel; Kjer, Jens Jørgen

    2013-01-01

    Well-leg compartment syndrome in the lower extremities after surgery in the lithotomy position is a rare but severe complication requiring early diagnosis and intervention. Several circumstances predispose to this condition as a consequence of increased intra-compartmental pressure, such as posit....... Potential risk factors and preventive initiatives are listed to reduce the risk in future patients. We describe two patients who underwent gynecologic laparoscopic surgery and postoperatively developed well-leg compartment syndrome....

  11. Interventional multi-spectral photoacoustic imaging in laparoscopic surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hill, Emma R.; Xia, Wenfeng; Nikitichev, Daniil I.; Gurusamy, Kurinchi; Beard, Paul C.; Hawkes, David J.; Davidson, Brian R.; Desjardins, Adrien E.

    2016-03-01

    Laparoscopic procedures can be an attractive treatment option for liver resection, with a shortened hospital stay and reduced morbidity compared to open surgery. One of the central challenges of this technique is visualisation of concealed structures within the liver, particularly the vasculature and tumourous tissue. As photoacoustic (PA) imaging can provide contrast for haemoglobin in real time, it may be well suited to guiding laparoscopic procedures in order to avoid inadvertent trauma to vascular structures. In this study, a clinical laparoscopic ultrasound probe was used to receive ultrasound for PA imaging and to obtain co-registered B-mode ultrasound (US) images. Pulsed excitation light was delivered to the tissue via a fibre bundle in dark-field mode. Monte Carlo simulations were performed to optimise the light delivery geometry for imaging targets at depths of 1 cm, 2 cm and 3 cm, and 3D-printed mounts were used to position the fibre bundle relative to the transducer according to the simulation results. The performance of the photoacoustic laparoscope system was evaluated with phantoms and tissue models. The clinical potential of hybrid PA/US imaging to improve the guidance of laparoscopic surgery is discussed.

  12. Renal cell carcinoma-associated adult dermatomyositis treated laparoscopic nephrectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elizabeth Nevins

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available A 77-year-old female, who suffered from rheumatoid arthritis and hypothyroidism, developed severe muscle weakness. Clinical features, blood results and muscle biopsy suggested a possible diagnosis of dermatomyositis. A computed tomography of the chest, abdomen and pelvis showed a solid mass in the left kidney. She underwent a left laparoscopic nephrectomy and histology confirmed conventional (clear cell renal cell carcinoma. She recovered slowly and almost back to normal life after 6 months. Early appreciation of the typical skin rash may provide a clue to the diagnosis and screening for neoplasm may improve prognosis.

  13. Left Hand-assisted Laparoscopic Nephrectomy With Renal Vein Thrombectomy for Stage T3b Renal Cell Carcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghareeb, George M; Kenleigh, Dorian A; Brown, James A

    2016-04-01

    A 60-year-old male was found to have an 8.0 cm left renal mass and associated renal vein thrombus on computed tomography. The thrombus extended 3 mm beyond the right aortic border to within 1.6 cm of the left border of the inferior vena cava. The patient underwent left nephrectomy with renal vein thrombectomy using a hand-assisted laparoscopic approach. The tumor thrombus was "milked" proximally back into left renal vein, which was then divided with an endovascular stapler. Left renal vein thrombi extending to right margin of the aorta can be managed with hand-assisted laparoscopic approach.

  14. Retroperitoneal laparoscopic pyelolithotomy versus extra corporeal shock-wave lithotripsy for management of renal stones

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    Chander Jagdish

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of retroperitoneal laparoscopic pyelolithotomy (RPPL and its comparison with extra corporeal shock wave lithotripsy in the management of renal calculi. Materials and Methods: The study was carried out in the Department of surgery, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi, India. The study included 86 cases of solitary renal calculi in the retroperitoneoscopic (RPPL group and 82 cases in the shock wave lithotripsy (SWL group. The parameters compared were stone clearance, hospital stay, number of postoperative visits, mean time to resume normal activities, number of man days lost, and analgesic requirement. Results : The RPPL group showed better stone clearance, fewer hospital visits, low analgesic requirement, fewer number of man days lost, and early resumption of normal activities, as compared to the SWL group. Conclusions : Shock wave lithotripsy, being a noninvasive modality, is an established procedure all over the world. However RPPL achieves comparable or better results in high volume centers.

  15. Ovarian Vein Thrombosis as a Complication of Laparoscopic Surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gupta, Anu; Gupta, Natasha; Blankstein, Josef; Trester, Richard

    2015-01-01

    Ovarian vein thrombosis (OVT) is an extremely rare but life-threatening complication of the postpartum period. It has never been reported as a complication of laparoscopic surgery. We report a case of right ovarian vein thrombosis that occurred in the postoperative period after patient underwent laparoscopic salpingectomy for a right side ectopic pregnancy. She presented with 1-week history of abdominal pain and fever. A complete workup for fever was performed and was found negative. Computed tomography of the abdomen and pelvis revealed right ovarian vein thrombosis. The patient was treated with anticoagulant therapy and responded well.

  16. Ovarian Vein Thrombosis as a Complication of Laparoscopic Surgery

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    Anu Gupta

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Ovarian vein thrombosis (OVT is an extremely rare but life-threatening complication of the postpartum period. It has never been reported as a complication of laparoscopic surgery. We report a case of right ovarian vein thrombosis that occurred in the postoperative period after patient underwent laparoscopic salpingectomy for a right side ectopic pregnancy. She presented with 1-week history of abdominal pain and fever. A complete workup for fever was performed and was found negative. Computed tomography of the abdomen and pelvis revealed right ovarian vein thrombosis. The patient was treated with anticoagulant therapy and responded well.

  17. Maximizing the right renal vein length in laparoscopic live donor nephrectomy

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    Anibal W. Branco

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available Laparoscopic donor nephrectomy has become the standard of care at increasing numbers of renal transplant programs worldwide. The majority of laparoscopic living donor kidneys are procured from the left side because of the longer renal vein and improved transplantation. The aim of this article is to report a technique to maximize the right renal vein length by performing a hand-assisted cavotomy.

  18. Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy prevents the deterioration of renal function in morbidly obese patients over 40 years.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruiz-Tovar, Jaime; Giner, Lorena; Sarro-Sobrin, Felipe; Alsina, Maria Engracia; Marco, María Paz; Craver, Lourdes

    2015-05-01

    Chronic kidney disease (CKD) risk has been associated with elevated body mass index (BMI), especially in morbidly obese subjects. Aging and obesity can play a synergic effect on accelerating the renal function deterioration. Bariatric surgery (mainly gastric bypass or biliopancreatic diversion) has demonstrated an improvement on renal function, but little is known about the potential effect of sleeve gastrectomy on renal function. A prospective observational study was performed. Between 2009 and 2013, 50 morbidly obese patients over 40 years underwent a laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) at our institution. Renal function was evaluated by serum creatinine, urea, and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), calculated using the MDRD-4 formula. All the variables were obtained at three times: on the first visit to the surgeon's office (baseline), the day before surgery (preoperative), and 12 months after surgery. Fifty patients underwent a LSG, 44 females (88%) and 6 males (12%), with a mean age 49.2 ± 6.4 years and mean BMI of 48.4 ± 7.7 kg/m(2). MDRD-4 values presented a significant reduction (69.4 ml/min/m(2) at baseline vs 62.5 ml/min/m(2) preoperatively; CI95% (2.2-11.3 ml/min/m(2)); p = 0.01). Comparing pre- and postoperative values, a significant reduction could be determined in creatinine (0.89 mg/dl preoperatively vs 0.71 mg/dl postoperatively; p = 0.01), urea (36.1 mg/dl preoperatively vs 29.8 mg/dl postoperatively; p = 0.023), and a significant increase in MDRD-4 (62.5 ml/min/m(2) preoperatively vs 77.6 ml/min/m(2) postoperatively; p < 0.001). In patients over 40 years, renal function is going to deteriorate as long as the excess of weight persists. Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy has shown to improve the renal function 12 months after surgery.

  19. Sigmoid volvulus after laparoscopic surgery for sigmoid colon cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sadatomo, Ai; Miyakura, Yasuyuki; Zuiki, Toru; Koinuma, Koji; Horie, Hisanaga; Lefor, Alan T; Yasuda, Yoshikazu

    2013-08-01

    We report the first case of sigmoid volvulus after laparoscopic surgery for sigmoid colon cancer. The patient is a 75-year-old man who presented with the sudden onset of severe abdominal pain. He had undergone laparoscopic sigmoidectomy for cancer 2 years before presentation. CT scan showed a distended sigmoid colon with a mesenteric twist, or "whirl sign." Colonoscopy showed a mucosal spiral and luminal stenosis with dilated sigmoid colon distally and ischemic mucosa. The diagnosis of ischemic colonic necrosis due to sigmoid volvulus was established. Resection of the necrotic sigmoid colon was performed and a descending colon stoma was created. A long remnant sigmoid colon and chronic constipation may contribute to the development of sigmoid volvulus after laparoscopic sigmoidectomy. Prompt diagnosis is essential for adequate treatment, and colonoscopy aids in the diagnosis of ischemic changes in patients without definitive findings of a gangrenous colon.

  20. Need for simulation in laparoscopic colorectal surgery training

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Valerio; Celentano

    2015-01-01

    The dissemination of laparoscopic colorectal surgery(LCS) has been slow despite increasing evidence for the clinical benefits, with a prolonged learning curve being one of the main restrictions for a prompt uptake. Performing advanced laparoscopic procedures requires dedicated surgical skills and new simulation methods designed precisely for LCS have been established: These include virtual reality simulators, box trainers, animal andhuman tissue and synthetic materials. Studies have even demonstrated an improvement in trainees’ laparoscopic skills in the actual operating room and a staged approach to surgical simulation with a combination of various training methods should be mandatory in every colorectal training program. The learning curve for LCS could be reduced through practice and skills development in a riskfree setting.

  1. Single-port laparoscopic surgery in children: A new alternative in developing countries

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    Ben Dhaou Mahdi

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS is a technique in laparoscopic surgery, which is based on the idea that all the laparoscopic trocars are inserted through a single umbilical incision. This paper documents a single-centre experience, which performed the single-port surgery in children using an improvised trans-umbilical glove-port with conventional rigid instruments. Materials and Methods: We prospectively studied the outcomes of SILS procedures between January 2013 and June 2014. Materials required making our homemade trans-umbilical port consisted on: A flexible ring, a rigid larger ring, one powder-free surgical glove, a wire-to-skin and standard standards laparoscopic trocars. Results: A total of 90 consecutive procedures had been done in our institution: 15 girls and 75 boys (mean age: 7.5 years. We used SILS on 59 appendectomies with an average operative time of 48 minutes. We needed conversion to conventional surgery in three cases (two with perforated appendicitis and one for difficulty to mobilize the appendix. SIL cholecystectomy was performed for four patients with symptomatic cholelithiasis; mean operative time was 60 min. All patients were discharged on postoperative day 2. Eighteen boys with non-palpable testis were explored and treated. Other procedures included: Varicocelectomy (n = 2, intra-abdominal lymph node biopsies (n = 2, ovarian cystectomy (n = 1, ovarian transposition (n = 1, aspiration of renal hydatid cyst (n = 1, explorative laparoscopy in research to Meckel′s diverticulum (n = 1 and intestinal intussusceptions (n = 1. No post-operative complications were seen in all cases. Conclusions: SILS in the paediatric population using conventional rigid instruments is feasible, safe and effective. It may be an alternative to the costly commercially available single-port systems especially in a developing country like Tunisia.

  2. Short Term Clinical Outcome after Laparoscopic Cryoablation of the Renal Tumor < or = 3.5 cm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Polascik, T J; Nosnik, I; Mayes, J M; Mouraviev, V

    2007-12-01

    Between September 2000 and September 2006, 26 patients underwent primary laparoscopic cryosurgical procedures (28) for an organ-confined renal tumor(s). In one case, cryosurgery was done sequentially on both kidneys. All patients had been carefully selected based on the following criteria: tumor size < or = 3.5 cm, the absence of local and systemic spread on cross-sectional computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and the ability to tolerate general anesthesia. A pure laparoscopic approach was employed using third generation cryotechnology (Galil Medical Inc., Plymouth Meeting, USA). Patients were followed by serial CT or MRI scan, creatinine level, and physical examination at least every six months after cryotherapy. The mean patient age was 64 years (range: 44-79) and the mean follow-up was 20.9 +/- 17.2 months. The median tumor size was 2.0 cm (range: 1-3.5 cm). Only one patient required a blood transfusion and one patient developed a transient ileus. The median length of stay was 2.0 days (range: 0-9 days). The median change in creatinine was 0.1 mg/dl (range:-0.4 to 1.8). No patient was converted to open surgery. No evidence of recurrence or progression was found in all patients, and overall survival rate was 100%. Laparoscopic renal cryoablation of the small renal tumor is a safe procedure with minimal complications. Although there were no recurrences with short term follow-up, further long term study is needed to verify its efficacy.

  3. Simplifying Laparoscopic Nephrectomy: The Inferior Approach with En Bloc Stapling of the Renal Hilum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nadu, Andrei; Lindner, Uri; Ramon, Jacob

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: Laparoscopic nephrectomy (LN) is likely the most common laparoscopic procedure performed by general urologists without formal laparoscopic training. The traditional technique is cumbersome because it entails making an early approach to the hilum with the risk of bleeding and need for conversion. We perform a different technique that we believe is simpler to learn and to teach. It consists of a complete dissection of the inferior and posterior aspects of the kidney, followed by en bloc stapling of the renal hilum. The present report is a detailed description of our technique including outcomes and complications. Materials and Methods: Perioperative data of 129 consecutive patients who underwent LN between November 2003 and September 2007 were prospectively collected and retrospectively reviewed. Complications were reported using the Clavien classification system, and follow-up was performed according to our institution's protocol and included physical examination, blood count, blood chemistry, and renal function tests at every visit, in addition to abdominal computed tomography scan six months after surgery. Additional imaging was scheduled according to disease stage and grade. Results: Mean patient age, tumor size, and operative time were 63 ± 15.6 years, 6.3 ± 2.4 cm, and 128 ± 41.4 minutes, respectively. Median estimated blood loss was 0 mL (0.200). Conversion to open surgery occurred in 3.1% of patients, and 8% of the patients had a blood transfusion. Complications were recorded in 26% of the patients; 91% of them had Clavien grade scores of 1 or 2. Conclusion: We present a standardized technique for LN. Its main advantage is that postpones any manipulation of the hilum to a later step during the procedure when it is easy to identify and control. This decreases early bleeding and main vascular complications. PMID:25392654

  4. Reconstructive laparoscopic prolapse surgery to avoid mesh erosions

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    Devassy, Rajesh

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The objective of the study is to examine the efficacy of the purely laparoscopic reconstructive management of cystocele and rectocele with mesh, to avoid the risk of erosion by the graft material, a well known complication in vaginal mesh surgery. Material and methods: We performed a prospective, single-case, non-randomized study in 325 patients who received laparoscopic reconstructive management of pelvic organe prolaps with mesh. The study was conducted between January 2004 and December 2012 in a private clinic in India. The most common prolapse symptoms were reducible vaginal lump, urinary stress incontinence, constipation and flatus incontinence, sexual dysfunction and dypareunia. The degree e of the prolaps was staged according to POPQ system. The approach was purely laparoscopic and involved the use of polypropylene (Prolene or polyurethane with activated regenerated cellulose coating (Parietex mesh. Results: The mean age was 55 (30–80 years and the most of the patients were multiparous (272/325. The patients received a plastic correction of the rectocele only (138 cases, a cystocele and rectocele (187 cases with mesh. 132 patients had a concomitant total hysterectomy; in 2 cases a laparoscopic supracervical hysterectomy was performed and 190 patients had a laparoscopic colposuspension. The mean operation time was 82.2 (60–210 minutes. The mean follow up was 3.4 (3–5 years. Urinary retention developed in 1 case, which required a new laparoscopical intervention. Bladder injury, observed in the same case was in one session closed with absorbable suture. There were four recurrences of the rectocele, receiving a posterior vaginal colporrhaphy. Erosions of the mesh were not reported or documented. Conclusion: The pure laparoscopic reconstructive management of the cystocele and rectocele with mesh seems to be a safe and effective surgical procedure potentially avoiding the risk of mesh erosions.

  5. Virtual reality training for surgical trainees in laparoscopic surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gurusamy, Kurinchi Selvan; Aggarwal, Rajesh; Palanivelu, Latha; Davidson, Brian R

    2009-01-21

    Surgical training has traditionally been one of apprenticeship, where the surgical trainee learns to perform surgery under the supervision of a trained surgeon. This is time consuming, costly, and of variable effectiveness. Training using a virtual reality simulator is an option to supplement standard training. To determine whether virtual reality training can supplement or replace conventional laparoscopic surgical training (apprenticeship) in surgical trainees with limited or no prior laparoscopic experience. We searched The Cochrane Hepato-Biliary Group Controlled Trials Register, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) in The Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, EMBASE, Science Citation Index Expanded, and grey literature until March 2008. We included all randomised clinical trials comparing virtual reality training versus other forms of training including video trainer training, no training, or standard laparoscopic training in surgical trainees with little or no prior laparoscopic experience. We also included trials comparing different methods of virtual reality training. We collected the data on the characteristics of the trial, methodological quality of the trials, mortality, morbidity, conversion rate, operating time, and hospital stay. We analysed the data with both the fixed-effect and the random-effects models using RevMan Analysis. For each outcome we calculated the standardised mean difference with 95% confidence intervals based on intention-to-treat analysis. We included 23 trials with 612 participants. Four trials compared virtual reality versus video trainer training. Twelve trials compared virtual reality versus no training or standard laparoscopic training. Four trials compared virtual reality, video trainer training and no training, or standard laparoscopic training. Three trials compared different methods of virtual reality training. Most of the trials were of high risk of bias. In trainees without prior surgical experience, virtual

  6. Laparoscopic partial nephrectomy for T1a renal tumors is safe and feasible

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Hui; GAO Zhen-li; LIN Chun-hua; WU Ji-tao; WANG Lin; WANG Jian-ming; SUN De-kang; WANG Ke; YU Qing-xia

    2011-01-01

    Background Some patients with exophytic renal masses less than 4 cm and suboptimal renal function, or a solitary kidney and bilateral renal tumors are considered for laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN), which is feasible for early-stage renal tumors, although it is still considered technically difficult and time consuming. Shortening the time of the operation and renal warm ischemia are required urgently. In this study, we report our initial experiences of LPN,especially with some improved surgical techniques. Methods Between July 2005 and October 2009, 74 patients with T1a renal tumor were treated by LPN, 39 using transperitoneal approach and 35 using retroperitoneal approach. In all cases, the tumor was removed with a margin of 0.5 cm. We compared glomerular filtration rate (GFR) preoperatively and postoperatively, and renal warm ischemia time between traditional ligature and Hem-o-lok methods. Results All operations were completed successfully, and there was no conversion to open surgery. Mean operation time was 76 minutes (range, 68-120), mean time of renal warm ischemia was 23 minutes (range, 15-32), and mean blood loss was 65 ml (range, 40-300). No hemorrhage or urine leak was observed in two cases with the collecting system sewn. Thirteen cases used Hem-o-lok to clamp the suture instead of traditional ligature, and mean time of renal warm ischemia was (16.5±2.3) minutes (range, 12-18). Mean postoperative hospital stay was 6.3 days (range, 5-12).Sixty-seven cases had renal clear cell carcinoma, six papillary renal cell carcinoma, and one renal collecting duct carcinoma. All the tumor margin specimens were negative. The mean follow-up was 30.6 months (range, 3-51), and no recurrence or metastasis was observed. Conclusions LPN for pT1 stage renal tumor was safe and feasible. Hem-o-lok instead of traditional ligature to clamp the suture when sewing the renal wound could shorten the warm ischemia time.

  7. Single-Port Laparoscopic Surgery for Inflammatory Bowel Disease

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    Emile Rijcken

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Single Port Laparoscopic Surgery (SPLS is being increasingly employed in colorectal surgery for benign and malignant diseases. The particular role for SPLS in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD has not been determined yet. In this review article we summarize technical aspects and short term results of SPLS resections in patients with Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis. Methods. A systematic review of the literature until January 2012 was performed. Publications were assessed for operative techniques, equipment, surgical results, hospital stay, and readmissions. Results. 34 articles, published between 2010 and 2012, were identified reporting on 301 patients with IBD that underwent surgical treatment in SPLS technique. Surgical procedures included ileocolic resections, sigmoid resections, colectomies with end ileostomy or ileorectal anastomosis, and restorative proctocolectomies with ileum-pouch reconstruction. There was a wide variety in the surgical technique and the employed equipment. The overall complication profile was similar to reports on standard laparoscopic surgery in IBD. Conclusions. In experienced hands, single port laparoscopic surgery appears to be feasible and safe for the surgical treatment of selected patients with IBD. However, evidence from prospective randomized trials is required in order to clarify whether there is a further benefit apart from the avoidance of additional trocar incisions.

  8. Laparoscopic subtotal hysterectomy in the era of minimally invasive surgery

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    Chia-Jen Wu

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available According to a nation-wide population-based study in Taiwan, along with the expanding concepts and surgical techniques of minimally invasive surgery, laparoscopic supracervical/subtotal hysterectomy (LSH has been blooming. Despite this, the role of LSH in the era of minimally invasive surgery remains uncertain. In this review, we tried to evaluate the perioperative and postoperative outcomes of LSH compared to other types of hysterectomy, including total abdominal hysterectomy (TAH, vaginal hysterectomy, laparoscopic-assisted vaginal hysterectomy, and total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH. From the literature, LSH has a better perioperative outcome than TAH, and comparable perioperative complications compared with laparoscopic-assisted vaginal hysterectomy. LSH had less bladder injury, vaginal cuff bleeding, hematoma, infection, and dehiscence requiring re-operation compared with TLH. Despite this, LSH has more postoperative cyclic menstrual bleeding and re-operations with extirpations of the cervical stump. LSH does, however, have a shorter recovery time than TAH due to the minimally invasive approach; and there is quicker resumption of coitus than TLH, due to cervical preservation and the avoidance of vaginal cuff dehiscence. LSH is therefore an alternative option when the removal of the cervix is not strictly necessary or desired. Nevertheless, the risk of further cervical malignancy, postoperative cyclic menstrual bleeding, and re-operations with extirpations of the cervical stump is a concern when discussing the advantages and disadvantages of LSH with patients.

  9. Postmyotomy dysphagia after laparoscopic surgery for achalasia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yutaka Shiino; Ziad T. Awad; Gleb R. Haynatzki; Richard E. Davis; Ronald A. Hinder; Charles J. Filipi

    2003-01-01

    AIM: To determine predictive factors for postoperative dysphagia after laparoscopic myotomy for achalasia.METHODS: Logistic regression was used to investigate the possible association between the response (postoperative dysphagia, with two levels: none/mild and moderate/severe)and several plausible predictive factors.RESULTS: Eight patients experienced severe or moderate postoperative dysphagia. The logistic regression revealed that only the severity of preoperative dysphagia (with four levels; mild, moderate, severe, and liquid) was a marginally significant (P=0.0575) predictive factor for postoperative dysphagia.CONCLUSION: The severity of postoperative dysphagia is strongly associated with preoperative dysphagia. Preoperative symptomatology can significantly impact patient outcome.

  10. Urological laparoscopic surgery: Our experience of first 100 cases in Dicle University

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    Ahmet Ali Sancaktutar

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: In this study the experience and results of first100 laparoscopic surgery is presented.Materials and methods: The laparoscopic surgical operationswere reviewed between July 2010 and October 2011,retrospectively.Results: During a year period we performed of 100 laparoscopicinterventions. The ratio of male to female and themean age was 57/43 and 48,65±8,94 years respectively.The kind of operation and total numbers were like this: simplenephrectomy 34, radical nephrektomy 22, renal cyst excision21, orchiectomy 7, ureterolitotomy 4, adrenalectomy 4,orchiopexy 3, pyeloplasti 2, nefroureterectomy+cystectomy1, nefroureterectomy+partial cystectomy 1 nefroureterectomy1 patient.Transperitoneal approach was used for 91 patients whileretroperitoneal approach was used to 9 patients. The operationwas completed by open surgical interventions foronly 6 of 100 patients. The reason for open proceduresduring laparoscopy was not reaching to renal pedicles forthree patients, adhesions to pararenal tissue and colonfor 2 patients and splenic artery injury for 1 patient. Threepatients needed blood transfusions. Except these patientsthere wasn’t any complications and mortalities. When performingright nephrectomy and adrenalectomy the fourthport was used to ecartate liver. Except these cases in alloperations 3 ports was used. The mean hospitalizationstay was 1,7(1-8 days. The operation times of mostlyperformed operations were like these minute (interval:simple nephrectomy 95 (70-135, radical nephrectomy 148(125-190, renal cyst excision 45 (20-80, orchiectomy 41(30-45, ureterolithotomy 104 (95-135, orchiopexy 85 (80-100, adrenalectomy 148 (110-180, pyeloplasty 170 (160-180 nefroureterectomy 150 minutes.Conclusions: The results, success and complication ratesof laparoscopic operations which are performed in our clinicswere found as similar to literature. The laparoscopicsurgery is alternative to open surgery that it can be usedsafely and effectively. J Clin

  11. Laparoscopic Partial Nephrectomy

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    Ender Özden

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Patients with renal tumors <7 cm and those at risk for a significant loss of renal function should be managed with a partial nephrectomy if it is technically feasible. Partial nephrectomy (PN results in similar oncologic outcomes with radical nephrectomy. With advent of the technology and increase utilization of laparoscopic surgery, laparoscopic approach is considered as one of the option for partial nephrectomy. However laparoscopic partial nephrectomy is technically very difficult procedure and should be performed only by physicians with extensive experience using this approach. In this section, we aimed to present the technical steps of laparoscopic partial nephrectomy

  12. Thoracic combined spinal epidural anesthesia for laparoscopic cholecystectomy in a geriatric patient with ischemic heart disease and renal insufficiency

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    Mehta N

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Nandita Mehta, Sunana Gupta, Atul Sharma, Mohd Reidwan Dar Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Acharya Shri Chander College of Medical Sciences and Hospital, Jammu, Jammu and Kashmir, India Abstract: Older people undergoing any surgery have a higher incidence of morbidity and mortality, resulting from a decline in physiological reserves, associated comorbidities, polypharmacy, cognitive dysfunction, and frailty. Most of the clinical trials comparing regional versus general anesthesia in elderly have failed to establish superiority of any single technique. However, the ideal approach in elderly is to be least invasive, thus minimizing alterations in homeostasis. The goal of anesthetic management in laparoscopic procedures includes management of pneumoperitoneum, achieving an adequate level of sensory blockade without any respiratory compromise, management of shoulder tip pain, provision of adequate postoperative pain relief, and early ambulation. Regional anesthesia fulfills all the aforementioned criteria and aids in quick recovery and thus has been suggested to be a suitable alternative to general anesthesia for laparoscopic surgeries, particularly in patients who are at high risk while under general anesthesia or for patients unwilling to undergo general anesthesia. In conclusion, we report results of successful management with thoracic combined spinal epidural for laparoscopic cholecystectomy of a geriatric patient with ischemic heart disease with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and renal insufficiency. Keywords: geriatric anesthesia, bupivacaine, segmental anesthesia, laparoscopic surgery

  13. Robot-assisted laparoscopic urological surgery in children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sávio, Luís F; Nguyen, Hiep T

    2013-11-01

    Robot-assisted laparoscopic surgery (RALS) has been proven to be safe and effective for various urological procedures in children, including pyeloplasty, orchiopexy, nephrectomy, and bladder augmentation. The robot system enables delicate and precise movements, which are ideal for the types of reconstructive surgeries that children with urological issues often require, overcoming many of the impediments associated with the conventional laparoscopic approach. RALS helps the relative novice to perform fine surgical techniques and is thought to reduce the learning curve associated with some surgical techniques, such as intracorporeal suturing, owing to the improved freedom of movement of the surgical instruments, the ergonomic positioning of the surgeon, and the 3D vision provided by the robotic system. Given the favourable safety profile and associated benefits of the robot system, including reductions in mean postoperative hospital stay compared with conventional procedures, RALS is becoming more widely adopted by paediatric urologists.

  14. Short Hospital Stay after Laparoscopic Colorectal Surgery without Fast Track

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Burgdorf, Stefan K; Rosenberg, Jacob

    2012-01-01

    in our department resulted in shorter hospital stay without using fast track principles for peri- and postoperative care in patients not receiving a stoma during the operation. Consequently, we aimed to reduce hospitalisation without increasing cost in nursing staff per hospital bed. Length of stay......Purpose. Short hospital stay and equal or reduced complication rates have been demonstrated after fast track open colonic surgery. However, fast track principles of perioperative care can be difficult to implement and often require increased nursing staff because of more concentrated nursing tasks...... during the shorter hospital stay. Specific data on nursing requirements after laparoscopic surgery are lacking. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the effect of operative technique (open versus laparoscopic operation), but without changing nurse staffing or principles for peri- or postoperative...

  15. Postural Mechatronic Assistant for Laparoscopic Solo Surgery (PMASS)

    OpenAIRE

    Martinez, Arturo Minor; Espinoza, Daniel Lorias

    2010-01-01

    The use of new technology in surgery is enabling surgeons to operate solo in some procedures. The advantages are adequate work space on the operating table and maneuverability. However, although active and passive systems offer these advantages, the time required to relocate or reaccommodate optics and clean the laparoscope between operations has not been reduced. In addition, there is a perceptual difference between what the surgeon wishes to see and the proximity he/she achieves with the ac...

  16. Prototype of a single probe Compton camera for laparoscopic surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koyama, A.; Nakamura, Y.; Shimazoe, K.; Takahashi, H.; Sakuma, I.

    2017-02-01

    Image-guided surgery (IGS) is performed using a real-time surgery navigation system with three-dimensional (3D) position tracking of surgical tools. IGS is fast becoming an important technology for high-precision laparoscopic surgeries, in which the field of view is limited. In particular, recent developments in intraoperative imaging using radioactive biomarkers may enable advanced IGS for supporting malignant tumor removal surgery. In this light, we develop a novel intraoperative probe with a Compton camera and a position tracking system for performing real-time radiation-guided surgery. A prototype probe consisting of Ce :Gd3 Al2 Ga3 O12 (GAGG) crystals and silicon photomultipliers was fabricated, and its reconstruction algorithm was optimized to enable real-time position tracking. The results demonstrated the visualization capability of the radiation source with ARM = ∼ 22.1 ° and the effectiveness of the proposed system.

  17. Partial nephroureterectomy in duplex renal system: preoperative 3D virtual rendering and retroperitoneal laparoscopic approach in children

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    Molinaro F.

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: the aim of this study is to presents the results of our preliminary series of 8 partial nephroureterectomy performed by retroperitoneoscopy using harmonic scalpel with a preoperative 3D virtual reconstruction of bidimensional magnetic resonance images in children affected by duplication of the renal system. Materials and methods: We perform a retrospective study in our Pediatric Surgery Unit from January 2007 to January 2012 of all children affected by duplication of the renal system treated by retroperitoneal laparoscopic approach. Images collected were reconstructed using IRCAD VR render software. Data include: sex, age at surgery, clinical and radiological features, surgical procedure, follow-up and complications. Results: retroperitoneal laparoscopic partial nephroureterectomy was performed in 8 children (6 males and 2 females. All patients had a non-functioning moiety of a duplex kidney and in addition recurrent urinary tract infections. Two cases were associated with ureterocele; of them in one case we performed a previous endoscopic incision of the obstructing ureterocele. All patients underwent radiological evaluation prior to surgery, by ultrasound, voididng cystourethrography, renal scintigraphy and contrast-enhanced MRI evaluations. Images collected were reconstructed using IRCAD VR render software. Patients were treated by a 3-4 trocars technique and parenchymal section was performed using harmonic scalpel. The mean operative time was 180 minutes; no cases required open conversion. The mean hospital stay was 5 days. The mean follow-up was 38 months. No cases of secondary atrophy of the lower pole were observed. Discussion: Volume rendering gives high anatomical resolution and it can be useful to guide the surgical procedure. Laparoscopic retroperitoneal partial nephrectomy is a safe and feasible procedure in children for experienced pediatric laparoscopic surgeons.

  18. Quality of life after laparoscopic and open colorectal surgery: A systematic review

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Sanne; AL; Bartels; Malaika; S; Vlug; Dirk; T; Ubbink; Willem; A; Bemelman

    2010-01-01

    This study was a systematic review of the available evidence on quality of life in patients after laparoscopic or open colorectal surgery. A systematic review was performed of all randomized clinical trials (RCTs) that compared laparoscopic with open colorectal surgery. Study selection, quality assessment and data extraction were carried out independently by two reviewers. Primary endpoint was quality of life after laparoscopic and open colorectal surgery, as assessed by validated questionnaires. The search...

  19. Laparoscopic surgery for complicated diverticular disease: a single-centre experience.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Royds, J

    2012-10-01

    The role of laparoscopic surgery in the management of patients with diverticular disease is still not universally accepted. The aim of our study was to evaluate the results of laparoscopic surgery for diverticular disease in a centre with a specialist interest in minimally invasive surgery.

  20. Laparoscopic surgery for rectal cancer: a single-centre experience of 120 cases.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Good, Daniel W

    2011-10-01

    For colorectal surgeons, laparoscopic rectal cancer surgery poses a new challenge. The defence of the questionable oncological safety tempered by the impracticality of the long learning curve is rapidly fading. As a unit specialising in minimally invasive surgery, we have routinely undertaken rectal cancer surgery laparoscopically since 2005.

  1. Single-port access laparoscopic surgery for rectal cancer: initial experience with 10 cases

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bulut, Orhan; Nielsen, Claus B; Jespersen, Niels

    2011-01-01

    Single-port access laparoscopic surgery is emerging as a method to improve the morbidity and cosmetic benefits of conventional laparoscopic surgery and minimize the surgical trauma. However, the feasibility of this procedure in rectal surgery has not yet been determined....

  2. A STUDY OF EFFECTS OF ORAL CLONIDINE ON PREMEDICATION AND HAEMODYNAMIC CHANGES DURING LAPAROSCOPIC SURGERY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanjeev Rao

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND Use of Clonidine as a premedicant started incidentally. Clonidine is a potent antihypertensive drug that suppresses RAAS. Clonidine may be beneficial during laparoscopy in patients with hypertension, cardiovascular and/or renal diseases. AIM OF STUDY To determine the effects of Oral Clonidine on premedication and haemodynamic changes during Laparoscopic surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS Study was conducted on 60 adult patients belonging to ASA physical status I & II. They were randomly assigned to 2 groups of 30 each. Group C received oral clonidine 150 mcg 90 minutes before surgery and group P received oral ranitidine 150 mg 90 minutes before surgery. Sedation score was noted on arrival to operation theatre. All vital parameters were recorded at regular intervals intra-operatively. RESULTS Clonidine premedication was able to achieve haemodynamic stability during pneumoperitoneum. CONCLUSION Premedication with 150mcg oral Clonidine has been found to be relatively safe as well as effective method that provides stable haemodynamics and protection against stress response triggered by pneumoperitoneum in patients undergoing laparoscopic surgeries.

  3. The immunomodulatory effects of laparoscopic surgery.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Corrigan, Mark

    2012-02-03

    Laparoscopic alternatives to conventional surgical procedures confer many advantages to patients including reduced postoperative pain, shortened convalescence and, perhaps, improved disease-related outcomes. The diminished degree of immune dysfunction apparent with these techniques may underpin these beneficial aspects. However, minimal access is accompanied by various ancillary anesthetic and mechanical associations (including the induction of a carbon dioxide pneumoperitoneum), which must be considered in addition to reduced tissue trauma when attempting to correlate cause with effect. Furthermore, the opportunity to establish causation between the immunomodulatory aspects of laparoscopy and subsequent clinical outcome by prospective, randomized study is difficult because of the rapid incorporation of minimal access techniques into clinical practice. Therefore, experimental in vitro and in vivo studies must be used to complement the limitations of clinical studies in this area. Although the initial investigations into the immunological effects of laparoscopy are encouraging, many of the intricacies associated with this approach still await elaboration.

  4. Impact of established skills in open surgery on the proficiency gain process for laparoscopic surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Daniel C; Miskovic, Danilo; Tang, Benjie; Hanna, George B

    2010-06-01

    Laparoscopic training traditionally follows open surgical training. This study aimed to investigate the impact of experience in open surgery on the laparoscopic proficiency gain process. A survey form investigating the importance of open experience before the start of laparoscopic training was sent to surgical experts and trainees in the United Kingdom. A separate experimental study objectively assessed the effects of open experience on laparoscopic skill acquisition using a virtual reality simulator. In the study, 11 medical students with no prior surgical experience (group A) and 14 surgical trainees with open but no laparoscopic experience in (group B) performed 250 simulated laparoscopic cholecystectomies. Psychomotor skills were evaluated by motion analysis and video-based global rating scores. Before the first and after the fifth and tenth operation, knowledge of laparoscopic techniques was assessed by a written test and by self-reported confidence levels indicated on a questionnaire. The 80 experts and 282 trainees who responded to the survey believed prior open experience aids confidence levels, knowledge, and skills acquisition. In the simulation study, no intergroup difference was found for any parameter after the first procedure. Group B scored significantly higher in the laparoscopic knowledge test before training began (42.7% vs. 64.3%; p = 0.002), but no significant difference was found after five operations. The two groups did not differ significantly in terms of confidence. Group B had a significantly shorter total operation time only at the first operation (2,305.6 s vs. 1,884.6 s; p = 0.037). No significant intergroup difference in path length, number of movements, or video-based global rating scores was observed. Prior open experience does not aid the laparoscopic learning process, as demonstrated in a simulated setting. Given the wealth of evidence demonstrating translation of virtual skills to the operating theater, we propose that the safe and

  5. Single incision laparoscopic surgery - trans anal endoscopic microsurgery: A technological innovation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neha Shah

    2014-01-01

    TEM first burst upon the scene several decades ago and then under went a period of immersion. In recent years, with the onset of laparoscopic surgery, the thoughts and the ideas of using a laparoscopic surgical technique have invaded the area of colorectal cancer as well. We have herein reported our experience in two cases who underwent TEM using laparoscopic techniques.

  6. Literature review of the energy sources for performing laparoscopic colorectal surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hotta, Tsukasa; Takifuji, Katsunari; Yokoyama, Shozo; Matsuda, Kenji; Higashiguchi, Takashi; Tominaga, Toshiji; Oku, Yoshimasa; Watanabe, Takashi; Nasu, Toru; Hashimoto, Tadamichi; Tamura, Koichi; Ieda, Junji; Yamamoto, Naoyuki; Iwamoto, Hiromitsu; Yamaue, Hiroki

    2012-01-27

    Laparoscopic surgery for colorectal disease has become widespread as a minimally invasive treatment. This is important because the increasing availability of new devices allows us to perform procedures with a reduced length of surgery and decreased blood loss. We herein report the results of a literature review of energy sources for laparoscopic colorectal surgery, focused especially on 6 studies comparing ultrasonic coagulating shears (UCS) and other instruments. We also describe our laparoscopic dissection techniques using UCS for colorectal cancer. The short-term outcomes of surgeries using UCS and Ligasure for laparoscopic colorectal surgery were superior to conventional electrosurgery. Some authors have reported that the length of surgery or blood loss when Ligasure was used for laparoscopic colorectal surgery is less than when UCS was used. On the other hand, a recent study demonstrated that there were no significant differences between the short-term outcomes of UCS and Ligasure for laparoscopic colorectal surgery. It is therefore suggested that the choice of technique used should be made according to the surgeon's preference. We also describe our laparoscopic dissection techniques using UCS (Harmonic ACE) for colorectal cancer with regard to the retroperitoneum dissection, dissection technique, dissection technique around the feeding artery, and various other dissection techniques. We therefore review the outcomes of using various energy sources for laparoscopic colorectal surgery and describe our laparoscopic dissection techniques with UCS (Harmonic ACE) for colorectal cancer.

  7. The Role of Robotic Surgery for Rectal Cancer: Overcoming Technical Challenges in Laparoscopic Surgery by Advanced Techniques.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Seungwan; Kim, Nam Kyu

    2015-07-01

    The conventional laparoscopic approach to rectal surgery has several limitations, and therefore many colorectal surgeons have great expectations for the robotic surgical system as an alternative modality in overcoming challenges of laparoscopic surgery and thus enhancing oncologic and functional outcomes. This review explores the possibility of robotic surgery as an alternative approach in laparoscopic surgery for rectal cancer. The da Vinci® Surgical System was developed specifically to compensate for the technical limitations of laparoscopic instruments in rectal surgery. The robotic rectal surgery is associated with comparable or better oncologic and pathologic outcomes, as well as low morbidity and mortality. The robotic surgery is generally easier to learn than laparoscopic surgery, improving the probability of autonomic nerve preservation and genitourinary function recovery. Furthermore, in very complex procedures such as intersphincteric dissections and transabdominal transections of the levator muscle, the robotic approach is associated with increased performance and safety compared to laparoscopic surgery. The robotic surgery for rectal cancer is an advanced technique that may resolve the issues associated with laparoscopic surgery. However, high cost of robotic surgery must be addressed before it can become the new standard treatment.

  8. [Learning curve and his consequences in laparoscopic antireflux surgery].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cristian, D; Sgarbură, Olivia; Jitea, N; Burcoş, T

    2005-01-01

    The laparoscopic fundoplication became the gold standard of the laparoscopic antireflux surgery (LARS). Our aim is to indicate the evolution of the learning curve as well as its consequences on the patient's outcome. We studied the gastro-esophageal reflux (GER) cases treated laparoscopically in Colţea University Hospital throughout 6 years. We gathered a group of 40 patients with an average age of 54, 57 years and a sex ratio F:M = 1.67. The patients had either a simple GER disease, small and medium hiatal hernias (21 cases) or giant hiatal hernias (GHH--19 cases). Two equal groups resulted: group 1 consisted of the first 20 patients operated from 1999 to 2002, group 2 consisted of the rest of the patients. Operating time, hospital time, complication rate and postoperatory endoscopy were compared. The average of the operating time was calculated. For giant hiatal hernias, a separate average was also taken into account. The total operating time for GER, small and medium hiatal hernias was 115 min in group 1 and 80 min in group 2 meanwhile for GHH it was 143 min vs. 130 min. The average operatory time was 129 min vs. 105 min. All these differences were statistically significant but there were no differences concerning complication rate and post-operatory endoscopy. Although the learning of the laparoscopic fundoplication requires practice, the learning curve does not have influence on the patients' outcome.

  9. Hand-assisted laparoscopic surgery of abdominal large visceral organs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li-Hua Dai; Bo Xu; Guang-Hui Zhu

    2006-01-01

    AIM: To design a hand-assisted laparoscopic approach in an attempt to provide an option for laparoscopic resection of abdominal large viscera.METHODS: A 5-6 cm incision (for HandPort) and 2 trocars were employed. The main vessel of the target organ was taken as a "core", and all tissues around the core were taken as peripheral structures. The peripheral structures were dissected first, and the core vessels were treated last. Twenty-six patients underwent laparoscopic deroofing of the hepatic huge cysts, resection of the segments lying at the outer edge of the liver (segments 2 to 6), splenectomy, hemicolectomy, ileocecectomy and subtotal gastrectomy with HandPort device, harmonic scalpel, or Ligasure.RESULTS: The duration of the procedure was within 2 hours. Blood loss amounted to 8-120 mL. The conversion rate was 3.8% (1/26). All patients had uneventful postoperative courses with less pain, earlier oral intake,and faster recovery, compared with conventional surgery.CONCLUSION: This method combines the advantages of both open and laparoscopic techniques, achieving better hemostasis effect, shortening the operative time,and is beneficial to the patients.

  10. Xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis: challenges in management & feasibility of laparoscopic surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vikram Singh Chauhan

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis (XGC is a rare, unusual and destructive form of chronic cholecystitis. It is clinically indistinguishable from other forms of cholecystitis and hence difficult to diagnose. Due to its propensity to form dense adhesions with stuctures surrounding the gall bladder and mimic malignancy of gall bladder intra-operatively, it’s difficult to manage. This retrospective study was conducted with the aim to review the clinico-pathologic presentation of XGC and the possibility of its laparoscopic management. Patient and methods: All cases of histo-pathologically diagnosed XGC from January 2008 to December 2012 at Sharda Hospital, School of Medical Sciences & Research, Greater Noida were analyzed retrospectively. Results: Sixty two cases of biopsy proved XGC were studied.The mean age at presentation was 56.4 ± 14.3 years (range 30 – 72 years, with a male: female ratio of 1.6:1. Gall bladder wall thickening on ultrasonography was seen in 91.9% cases and all (100% had cholelithiasis. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy was possible in 18 (29% cases, with a high conversion rate of 71% to open surgery. Two cases of carcinoma gall bladder accompanying XGC were documented. Both the mean operative time and hospital stay for laparoscopic surgery were longer for cases with XGC (105 minutes & 4.2 days respectively. No mortality occurred during the study period. Conclusion: XGC is difficult to diagnose preoperatively due to lack of distinguishing clinical features and imaging study results. Due to dense peri-cholecystic adhesions laparoscopic surgery though feasible in some cases is difficult to perform with a high conversion rate. Overall morbidity is also increased due to same reasons.

  11. Hematuria at laparoscopic hysterectomy: a 9-year review at Sydney West Advanced Pelvic Surgery, Australia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Matthew; Merkur, Harry

    2008-01-01

    The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence and significance of hematuria during laparoscopic hysterectomy for benign uterine disease. The review assessed its incidence, risk factors, site of associated urinary tract injuries, methods of diagnosis, management strategies, and most likely intraoperative point at which hematuria occurred during laparoscopic hysterectomies. A retrospective review of 755 cases of laparoscopic-assisted and total laparoscopic hysterectomies from January 1998 through December 2006 was undertaken at Sydney West Advanced Pelvic Surgery, Sydney, Australia.

  12. A Compact Modular Teleoperated Robotic System for Laparoscopic Surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berkelman, Peter; Ma, Ji

    2009-09-01

    Compared with traditional open surgery, minimally invasive surgical procedures reduce patient trauma and recovery time, but the dexterity of the surgeon in laparoscopic surgery is reduced owing to the small incisions, long instruments and limited indirect visibility of the operative site inside the patient. Robotic surgical systems, teleoperated by surgeons from a master control console with joystick-type manipulation interfaces, have been commercially developed yet their adoption into standard practice may be limited owing to their size, complexity, cost and time-consuming setup, maintenance and sterilization procedures. The goal of our research is to improve the effectiveness of robot-assisted surgery by developing much smaller, simpler, modular, teleoperated robotic manipulator systems for minimally invasive surgery.

  13. A Compact Modular Teleoperated Robotic System for Laparoscopic Surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berkelman, Peter; Ma, Ji

    2011-01-01

    Compared with traditional open surgery, minimally invasive surgical procedures reduce patient trauma and recovery time, but the dexterity of the surgeon in laparoscopic surgery is reduced owing to the small incisions, long instruments and limited indirect visibility of the operative site inside the patient. Robotic surgical systems, teleoperated by surgeons from a master control console with joystick-type manipulation interfaces, have been commercially developed yet their adoption into standard practice may be limited owing to their size, complexity, cost and time-consuming setup, maintenance and sterilization procedures. The goal of our research is to improve the effectiveness of robot-assisted surgery by developing much smaller, simpler, modular, teleoperated robotic manipulator systems for minimally invasive surgery. PMID:21743765

  14. Intragastric laparoscopic surgery: An option for gastric lesions not resectable by endoscopy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manuel Vázquez, Alba; Hernández Matías, Alberto; Bertomeu García, Agustín; Ruiz de Adana Belbel, Juan Carlos

    2016-03-01

    Gastric mucosal and submucosal lesions can be resected by endoscopy, laparoscopy or open surgery. Operative methods have varied depending on the location, endophytic growth and size of the lesion. Interest in minimally invasive surgery has increased and many surgeons are attempting laparoscopic approaches, especially in lesions of the stomach near the esophagogastric junction not amendable to endoscopic removal, because conventional surgery can produce stenosis and distort the postoperative anatomy, and increase morbimortality. We report our experience with laparoscopic intragastric surgery in 3 consecutive patients, with no complications. Laparoscopic intragastric surgery extends the surgeons' armamentarium to resect complex gastric lesions, while offering patients the benefits of minimal access surgery.

  15. Renal stone in crossed fused renal ectopia and its laparoscopic management: Case report and review of literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Santosh Agrawal

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Management of renal stone in crossed fused renal ectopia (CFRE is difficult because of abnormal location, malrotation, and its relations with vertebral column and small bowel. Management is not standardized because of the paucity of literature and variable anatomy. We managed an 8-year-old boy with multiple renal stones in right side crossed kidney by laparoscopic pyelolithotomy and nephro pyeloscopy with the help of ureteroscope. Until now, there is only one prior report of laparoscopic pyelolithotomy in CFRE. We share our experience in this case and review the literature regarding the management of kidney stones in this rare anomaly.

  16. Usability of elective laparoscopic sigmoidectomy and feasibility of single-incision laparoscopic surgery for sigmoid volvulus: report of three cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ueda, Masami; Onishi, Tadashi; Hata, Taishi; Nishida, Kentaro; Yanagawa, Takehiro; Fujita, Shoichiro; Fujita, Junya; Yoshida, Tetsuya; Tono, Takeshi; Monden, Takushi; Imaoka, Shingi; Mori, Masaki

    2015-03-01

    A therapeutic guideline for sigmoid volvulus (SV) has not been established, and the most recommended surgical procedure for SV has not been determined. Our objective is to assess the usability of elective laparoscopic sigmoidectomy and the feasibility of single-incision laparoscopic surgery for SV following endoscopic reduction. SV typically affects the elderly and accounts for 1% to 7% of intestinal obstructions in Western countries. We report on 3 patients with SV who underwent elective laparoscopic sigmoidectomy following endoscopic reduction, and we first describe single-port surgery for SV. We discuss the 3 patients (a 79-year-old male, an 88-year-old female, and a 67-year-old female) with SV who underwent elective laparoscopic sigmoidectomy following endoscopic reduction. All 3 patients underwent laparoscopic sigmoidectomy, and 2 patients underwent single-port laparoscopic surgery without complications. Recurrence of volvulus was not seen during the course of 12 to 24 months. In experienced hands, elective laparoscopic sigmoidectomy after colonoscopic detorsion is a valuable alternative, and single-port surgery is also feasible.

  17. New ways of visualization in laparoscopic surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bartłomiej Grobelski

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Scientific achievements enabled tremendous progress of surgical minimally invasive methods in the 20th century.Laparoscopy and endoscopy became everyday diagnostic and therapeutic tools of modern medicine. Despite itsirrefutable opportunities and advantages, classical minimally invasive surgery still has substantial limitations. Theseinclude: two-dimensional visualization without depth, a small field of view, and the necessity of precise hand-eyecoordination. That is why pressure is placed on manufacturers of endoscopic devices to surmount these technicalobstacles. To write this paper we searched databases for articles on new means of visualization in laparoscopicsurgery. We discuss augmented reality, three-dimensional vision and image-guided surgery.

  18. Complications of laparoscopic pelvic surgery: recognition, management and prevention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, T C; Saravelos, H; Richmond, M; Cooke, I D

    1997-01-01

    Laparoscopic surgery has many advantages but it is not without complications. The complexity of the surgery significantly influences the complication rate. Laparoscopic surgeons ought to be aware of the possible complications and how they could be prevented, recognized without delay, and managed safely and efficiently. Important complications include injuries to the vessels, bowel and urinary tract. Incisional hernia ought to be reduced by careful closure of the fascia whenever a trocar > or =10 mm is used at the extraumbilical site. Gas embolism is a rare but potentially life threatening complication. Shoulder pain is a minor complication but is exceedingly common; it is less likely to occur if as much gas as possible is removed at the end of the operation while the patient is still in head down Trendelenburg position. Rare complications include pneumothorax, subcutaneous and pre-peritoneal emphysema, cardiac arrhythmia, nerve injury and venous thrombosis. Laparoscopic surgeons should also understand the principles of electrosurgery and how to avoid complications arising from the use of electrical energy including capacitative coupling, direct coupling and insulation failure.

  19. Closure of fascial defect at trocar sites after laparoscopic surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sahin, Mustafa; Eryilmaz, Ramazan; Okan, Ismail

    2006-01-01

    As laparoscopic surgery evolves, a growing number of different abdominal operations can now be performed. This necessitates the use of multiple large trocars. Herniation through the fascial defect created by trocar entry in laparoscopic interventions has been reported at a rate of 1-6%. We describe a simple closure technique for fascial defects at trocar sites after laparoscopic surgery. To facilitate the closure of the fascial defects of > or = 10 mm trocar entry sites, the surgeon places the upper end of a dissecting forceps through the fascial defect and tilts it so that the abdominal of the peritoneum comes into contact with its flat surface. The assistant retracts the skin and subcutaneous tissue and the "J" needle with the appropriate suture material is then used to take a stitch through the fascia under direct vision. The sharp end of the needle is prevented from coming into contact with any deeper structure as it slides on the flat surface of the dissecting forceps. The stitch is then pulled up to lift the edge of the fascia and the needle is passed from the opposite edge of the fascia in the same manner and then the suture is ligated. The aforementioned technique is easy to perform and facilitates the closure of the fascial defect at trocar sites, and there is no extra cost for the procedure.

  20. HPC enabled real-time remote processing of laparoscopic surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ronaghi, Zahra; Sapra, Karan; Izard, Ryan; Duffy, Edward; Smith, Melissa C.; Wang, Kuang-Ching; Kwartowitz, David M.

    2016-03-01

    Laparoscopic surgery is a minimally invasive surgical technique. The benefit of small incisions has a disadvantage of limited visualization of subsurface tissues. Image-guided surgery (IGS) uses pre-operative and intra-operative images to map subsurface structures. One particular laparoscopic system is the daVinci-si robotic surgical system. The video streams generate approximately 360 megabytes of data per second. Real-time processing this large stream of data on a bedside PC, single or dual node setup, has become challenging and a high-performance computing (HPC) environment may not always be available at the point of care. To process this data on remote HPC clusters at the typical 30 frames per second rate, it is required that each 11.9 MB video frame be processed by a server and returned within 1/30th of a second. We have implement and compared performance of compression, segmentation and registration algorithms on Clemson's Palmetto supercomputer using dual NVIDIA K40 GPUs per node. Our computing framework will also enable reliability using replication of computation. We will securely transfer the files to remote HPC clusters utilizing an OpenFlow-based network service, Steroid OpenFlow Service (SOS) that can increase performance of large data transfers over long-distance and high bandwidth networks. As a result, utilizing high-speed OpenFlow- based network to access computing clusters with GPUs will improve surgical procedures by providing real-time medical image processing and laparoscopic data.

  1. Experience with flexible stapling techniques in laparoscopic and conventional surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fuchs, Karl-Hermann; Breithaupt, Wolfram; Schulz, Thomas; Reinisch, Alexander

    2011-06-01

    Currently, advanced minimal-access surgery cannot be realized without the application of modern stapling devices. The introduction of stapling devices with a flexible shaft and computer-assisted steering abilities was followed by the technical basis to provide just these features. This study aimed to assess the clinical application of stapling devices connected to a flexible shaft supported by a computer-assisted drive for maneuvering the system and to study its feasibility, learning curve problems, and clinical safety criteria regarding morbidity of the patients. The experience with laparoscopic and open gastrointestinal and colorectal surgery was evaluated. Patients with esophageal, gastric, and colorectal diseases were selected. The stapling system consisted of a power console connected to a flexible shaft and a remote control unit. On the tip of the flexible shaft stapler, loading units could be attached and operated by the remote control. A circular loading unit, size 29 mm, was used for esophageal, gastric, and rectal anastomoses. The linear stapler (length, 55/75 mm) was applied for the gastric tube after esophageal resection, for the jejunal pouch after total gastrectomy, and for division and closure of small bowel. It also was used during laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy or laparoscopic fundoplication with COLLIS-gastroplasty. All data from the procedures were prospectively assessed and documented. A literature analysis was performed to compare morbidity data and leak rates with those of the current study. During an 8-year period, 394 patients (253 men and 141 women) were included in this study, and laparoscopic technique was performed in 52% of the cases. The mean age of the patients was 63 years (range, 16-93 years), and 33% of the patients had an American Society of Anesthesia classification of 3 or 4. A total of 1,258 firings were performed. The procedures included 54 esophageal resections, 90 gastric operations, and 197 colorectal resections. In

  2. Laparoscopic Nephrectomy with Adrenalectomy for Synchronous Adrenal Myelolipoma and Renal Cell Carcinoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kallappan Senthil

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Adrenal myelolipomas are uncommon nonfunctioning tumors of the adrenal. Synchronous renal cell carcinomas with adrenal myelolipomas are very rare. We present the case report of adrenal myelolipoma with synchronous RCC managed laparoscopically. Case Report. A 60-year-old old gentleman presented with incidental right upper polar mass with right adrenal mass. Metastatic work-up was negative. Laparoscopic radical nephrectomy with adrenalectomy was done under general anesthesia. The biopsy report was right kidney clear cell adenocarcinoma (T1b with right adrenal myelolipoma. Conclusion. This is the first case report of laparoscopic adrenalectomy with nephrectomy for ipsilateral synchronous renal cell carcinoma with adrenal myelolipoma.

  3. Ergonomic Factors during Laparoscopic Surgery Training

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Xiao, D.J.

    2014-01-01

    With the introduction of minimally invasive surgery (MIS), the patient experiences the benefits of less pain, a more rapid recovery and a shorter stay in hospital. However, MIS provides many challenges to surgeons and they need extensive training to acquire this new technique. This training consist

  4. The comparison of laparoscopic pyelolithotomy and percutaneous nephrolithotomy in the treatment of solitary large renal pelvic stones.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tefekli, Ahmet; Tepeler, Abdulkadir; Akman, Tolga; Akçay, Muzaffer; Baykal, Murat; Karadağ, Mert Ali; Muslumanoglu, Ahmet Y; de la Rosette, Jean

    2012-10-01

    The aim of the study is to investigate whether laparoscopic pyelolithotomy (LPL) could find a place in the management of large renal pelvic stones which are generally considered as excellent indications for percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL). Between 2006 and 2009, 26 consecutive patients with large (>4 cm(2)) renal pelvic stones were treated by LPL and their charts were compared to 26 match-paired patients treated with PNL during the same period. The patients were matched for age, BMI, stone size and location as well as presence of congenital anomalies. Perioperative and postoperative findings were compared. The mean age, mean stone size, rate of congenital anomalies, history open renal surgery and shock wave lithotripsy were similar in both groups (p > 0.05). The mean operation time was 138.40 ± 51.19 (range 70-240) min in LPL group as compared to 57.92 ± 21.12 (range 40-110) min in PNL group (p PNL group (p = 0.024). Hospitalization was significantly shorter in PNL than LPL group (p = 0.0001). Stone-free rates were similar. Laparoscopic pyelolithotomy is associated with a longer operation time, is more invasive, and requires more skills when compared to PNL. However, LPL is associated with less blood loss. Laparoscopic pyelolithotomy is indicated for congenitally anomalous kidneys and especially in patients with concomitant UPJ.

  5. Transumbilical multiport laparoscopic nephroureterectomy for congenital renal dysplasia in children: midterm follow-up from a single institution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hong eMei

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical utility and efficiency of transumbilical multiport laparoscopic nephroureterectomy (TMLN for the treatment of congenital renal dysplasia in children by analyzing consecutive cases from a single institution. METHODS: Sixteen children underwent TMLN procedure due to dysplastic kidney between January 2010 and December 2011. The surgery was transperitoneally performed through three transumbilical incisions for two 5-mm and one 3-mm ports, which duplicated the standard laparoscopic steps with the usual laparoscopic instruments. Demographic, perioperative, and follow-up data were analyzed. RESULTS: TMLN was performed in all patients, without additional ports or conversion to open surgery. The mean operation time was 108.4 minutes (range 90–125, and the blood loss was minimal. There were no severe intraoperative or postoperative complications. The postoperative recovery was uneventful in all patients. No urinary incontinence or umbilical hernias occurred. The cosmetic result was excellent as the incision scar was hidden inside the belly button. CONCLUSION: TMLN is a safe and efficient procedure for the management of congenital renal dysplasia in children with good cosmesis. Future randomized studies with a larger number of cases and a longer follow-up are warranted to elucidate the benefits and limitations of TMLN in children.

  6. Transumbilical multiport laparoscopic nephroureterectomy for congenital renal dysplasia in children: midterm follow-up from a single institution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mei, Hong; Qi, Teng; Li, Shuai; Pu, Jiarui; Cao, Guoqing; Tang, Shaotao; Zheng, Liduan; Tong, Qiangsong

    2013-01-01

    To assess the clinical utility and efficiency of transumbilical multiport laparoscopic nephroureterectomy (TMLN) for the treatment of congenital renal dysplasia in children by analyzing consecutive cases from a single institution. Sixteen children underwent TMLN procedure due to dysplastic kidney between January 2010 and December 2011. The surgery was transperitoneally performed through three transumbilical incisions for two 5-mm and one 3-mm ports, which duplicated the standard laparoscopic steps with the usual laparoscopic instruments. Demographic, perioperative, and follow-up data were analyzed. TMLN was performed in all patients, without additional ports or conversion to open surgery. The mean operation time was 108.4 min (range 90-125), and the blood loss was minimal. There were no severe intraoperative or post-operative complications. The post-operative recovery was uneventful in all patients. No urinary incontinence or umbilical hernias occurred. The cosmetic result was excellent as the incision scar was hidden inside the belly button. TMLN is a safe and efficient procedure for the management of congenital renal dysplasia in children with good cosmesis. Future randomized studies with a larger number of cases and a longer follow-up are warranted to elucidate the benefits and limitations of TMLN in children.

  7. Ergonomic factors on task performance in laparoscopic surgery training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiao, D J; Jakimowicz, Jack J; Albayrak, A; Goossens, R H M

    2012-05-01

    This paper evaluates the effect of ergonomic factors on task performance and trainee posture during laparoscopic surgery training. Twenty subjects without laparoscopic experience were allotted into 2 groups. Group 1 was trained under the optimal ergonomic simulation setting according to current ergonomic guidelines (Condition A). Group 2 was trained under non-optimal ergonomic simulation setting that can often be observed during training in a skills lab (Condition B). Posture analysis showed that the subjects held a much more neutral posture under Condition A than under Condition B (poptimal ergonomic simulation setting leads to better task performance. In addition, no significant differences of task performance, for Groups 1 and 2 using the same test setting were found. However, better performance was observed for Group 1. It can be concluded that the optimal and non-optimal training setting have different learning effects on trainees' skill learning.

  8. Total Laparoscopic Conservative Surgery for an Intramural Ectopic Pregnancy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hiroshi Nabeshima

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available A 38-year-old woman, gravida 3, para 1 with a history of a left salpingectomy for an ectopic pregnancy was admitted for treatment of a presumed ectopic pregnancy. Transvaginal sonography revealed an ill-defined gestational sac and fetal heart beat within the fundal myometrium adjacent to the left cornua. Laparoscopy was performed for a suspected left cornual pregnancy or intramural pregnancy. A cystic mass 3 cm in diameter was visible within the fundal myometrium. Total laparoscopic removal of the gestational sac was performed, and the uterus was preserved. Pathologic evaluation of the excised mass demonstrated chorionic villi involving the myometrium. In the literature, only one other case describing the laparoscopic removal of an intramural pregnancy has been reported. However, in the prior report, the patient still required hysterectomy after conservative surgery. Therefore, this is the first report of the successful treatment of an intramural pregnancy exclusively with laparoscopy.

  9. Laparoscopic bariatric surgery for the treatment of severe hypertriglyceridemia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsu, Sung-Yu; Lee, Wei-Jei; Chong, Keong; Ser, Kong-Han; Tsou, Jun-Jiun

    2015-04-01

    It is well established that severe hypertriglyceridemia can lead to pancreatitis. At present, medical treatment for patients with severe hypertriglyceridemia and repeat pancreatitis attacks is not adequate. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of laparoscopic bariatric surgery in these patients. A review of 20 morbidly obese patients with severe hypertriglyceridemia (a triglyceride level of >1000 mg/dL) who received laparoscopic bariatric surgery was performed. The study population comprised 14 males and six females, with an average age of 35.0 years (range 24-52 years), and the mean body mass index was 38.2 kg/m(2) (range 25-53 kg/m(2)). The preoperative mean plasma triglyceride level was 1782.7 mg/dL (range 1043-3884 mg/dL). Four patients had a history of hypertriglyceridemic pancreatitis and 13 patients had associated diabetes. Of the 20 patients, 17 (85%) received gastric bypass, whereas three (15%) received restrictive-type surgery. Laparoscopic access was used in all of the patients. Hypertriglyceridemia in morbidly obese patients was more commonly associated with male sex and a poorly controlled diabetic state. The mean weight reduction was 25.5% 1 year after surgery, with a marked improvement in diabetes management. As early as 1 month following surgery, the plasma mean triglyceride levels had decreased to 254 mg/dL (range 153-519 mg/dL), and this was further reduced to mean levels of 192 mg/dL (range 73-385 mg/dL) 1 year after surgery. One patient developed acute pancreatitis during the perioperative period, but none of the patients suffered an episode of pancreatitis in the follow-up period (from 6 months to 13 years). Bariatric surgery can be successfully used as a metabolic surgery in severe hypertriglyceridemia patients at risk of acute pancreatitis. However, control of triglyceride levels prior to bariatric surgery is indicated. Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier Taiwan.

  10. Evaluation of haptic teaching approaches for laparoscopic surgery training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kato, Toma; Tagawa, Kazuyoshi; Marutani, Takafumi; Tanaka, Hiromi; Komori, Masaru; Kurumi, Yoshimasa; Morikawa, Shigehiro

    2014-01-01

    Laparoscopic surgery, one type of minimally invasive surgery (MIS) is a very important surgery technique which requires advanced surgical technique. At present, expert one-on-one teaching mainly supports the training of these advanced surgical techniques. However, time constraints prevent experts spending the amount of time desired for this training. Therefore, we aim to support training using a VR-based laparoscopic surgery simulator equipped with a guidance force display. This increases the amount of training a trainee can avail of while at the same time allow the expert and the trainee to increase the quality of the limited one-to-one time together. The first step of our research is to investigate approaches that displays the guidance force to teach experts hand movements. In this study, we used two guidance force-display approaches: Instrument-guiding approach and Hand-guiding approach. Through evaluative experiments, we found that the Hand-guiding approach is more suitable for skill transfer than the Instrument-guiding approach in particular tasks. The results are described below.

  11. Patient Perceptions of Open, Laparoscopic, and Robotic Gynecological Surgeries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamad Irani

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. To investigate patient knowledge and attitudes toward surgical approaches in gynecology. Design. An anonymous Institutional Review Board (IRB approved questionnaire survey. Patients/Setting. A total of 219 women seeking obstetrical and gynecological care in two offices affiliated with an academic medical center. Results. Thirty-four percent of the participants did not understand the difference between open and laparoscopic surgeries. 56% of the participants knew that laparoscopy is a better surgical approach for patients than open abdominal surgeries, while 37% thought that laparoscopy requires the surgeon to have a higher technical skill. 46% of the participants do not understand the difference between laparoscopic and robotic procedures. 67.5% of the participants did not know that the surgeon moves the robot’s arms to perform the surgery. Higher educational level and/or history of previous abdominal surgeries were associated with the highest rates of answering all the questions correctly (p<0.05, after controlling for age and race. Conclusions. A substantial percentage of patients do not understand the difference between various surgical approaches. Health care providers should not assume that their patients have an adequate understanding of their surgical options and accordingly should educate them about those options so they can make truly informed decisions.

  12. Efficiency and Reliability of Laparoscopic Partial Nephrectomy for Renal Tumors Larger than 4 cm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Faruk Özgör

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Aim: To evaluate safety and efficiency of laparoscopic partial nephrectomy for renal tumors larger than 4 cm. Methods: We retrospectivelly evaluated the medical records of 65 patients who underwent laparascopic partial nephrectomy between May 2009 and June 2013 in our clinic. The patients were divided into two groups according to tumor size. Patients with a tumor 4 cm were included in group 1 (n=45 and group 2 (n=20, respectively. Demographic, perioperative and postoperative parameters were compared between the groups. Histopathological examination and surgical margin status were also evaluated. Results: The mean age of the patients was 59.2±10.9 (range: 26- 81 years. The mean tumor size and the mean RENAL nephrometry score were significantly higher in group 2 than in group 1. The mean operation time and warm ischemia time were similar between groups but estimated blood loss and transfusion requirement were significantly higher in group 2. Convertion to open surgery was seen two patients in group 2 and one patient in group 1. Only one patient underwent radical nephrectomy for uncontrolled bleeding in group 2. There was no difference in preoperative and 3-month postoperative serum creatinine levels between the groups. The incidence of positive surgical margin was 0% and 5% in group 1 and group 2, respectively. Conclusion: Laparoscopic partial nephrectomy for renal tumors is an effective and feasible procedure with acceptable oncologic results. However, tranfusion rate and requiremet of pelvicaliceal system repair were more common in patients with tumor >4 cm. (The Medical Bulletin of Haseki 2015; 53:30-5

  13. Ergonomic Factors during Laparoscopic Surgery Training

    OpenAIRE

    Xiao, D.J.

    2014-01-01

    With the introduction of minimally invasive surgery (MIS), the patient experiences the benefits of less pain, a more rapid recovery and a shorter stay in hospital. However, MIS provides many challenges to surgeons and they need extensive training to acquire this new technique. This training consists of developing cognitive, clinical, and technical skills. However, acquiring full training ‘‘on the job’’ is not always possible because of patient safety and restrictions of residents’ working hou...

  14. Ontology-based prediction of surgical events in laparoscopic surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katić, Darko; Wekerle, Anna-Laura; Gärtner, Fabian; Kenngott, Hannes; Müller-Stich, Beat Peter; Dillmann, Rüdiger; Speidel, Stefanie

    2013-03-01

    Context-aware technologies have great potential to help surgeons during laparoscopic interventions. Their underlying idea is to create systems which can adapt their assistance functions automatically to the situation in the OR, thus relieving surgeons from the burden of managing computer assisted surgery devices manually. To this purpose, a certain kind of understanding of the current situation in the OR is essential. Beyond that, anticipatory knowledge of incoming events is beneficial, e.g. for early warnings of imminent risk situations. To achieve the goal of predicting surgical events based on previously observed ones, we developed a language to describe surgeries and surgical events using Description Logics and integrated it with methods from computational linguistics. Using n-Grams to compute probabilities of followup events, we are able to make sensible predictions of upcoming events in real-time. The system was evaluated on professionally recorded and labeled surgeries and showed an average prediction rate of 80%.

  15. Abdominal aortic surgery and renal anomalies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ilić Nikola

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Kidney anomalies present a challenge even for the most experienced vascular surgeon in the reconstruction of the aortoilliac segment. The most significant anomalies described in the surgery of the aortoilliac segment are a horse-shoe and ectopic kidney. Objective. The aim of this retrospective study was to analyze experience on 40 patients with renal anomalies, who underwent surgery of the aortoilliac segment and to determine attitudes on conventional surgical treatment. Methods. In the period from 1992 to 2009, at the Clinic for Vascular Surgery of the Clinical Centre of Belgrade we operated on 40 patients with renal anomalies and aortic disease (aneurysmatic and obstructive. The retrospective analysis involved standard epidemiological data of each patient (gender, age, risk factors for atherosclerosis, type of anomaly, type of aortic disease, presurgical parameter values of renal function, type of surgical approach (laparatomy or retroperitoneal approach, classification of the renal isthmus, reimplantation of renal arteries and perioperative morbidity and mortality. Results. Twenty patients were males In 30 (70% patients we diagnosed a horse-shoe kidney and in 10 (30% ectopic kidney. In the cases of ruptured aneurysm of the abdominal aorta the diagnosis was made by ultrasound findings. Pre-surgically, renal anomalies were confirmed in all patients, except in those with a ruptured aneurysm who underwent urgent surgery. In all patients we applied medial laparatomy, except in those with a thoracoabdominal aneurysm type IV, when the retroperitonal approach was necessary. On average the patients were under follow-up for 6.2 years (from 6 months to 17 years. Conclusion. Under our conditions, the so-called double clamp technique with the preservation of the kidney gave best results in the patients with renal anomalies and aortic disease.

  16. The short-term outcomes of conventional and single-port laparoscopic surgery for rectal cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Levic, Katarina; Bulut, Orhan

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Single-port laparoscopic surgery (SPLS) has evolved as an alternative method to conventional laparoscopic surgery (CLS). The aim of this study is to evaluate the results of SPLS compared to CLS in the treatment of rectal cancer. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Prospectively collected data...

  17. Quality of life after laparoscopic and open colorectal surgery: A systematic review

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bartels, S.A.; Vlug, M.S.; Ubbink, D.T.; Bemelman, W.A.

    2010-01-01

    This study was a systematic review of the available evidence on quality of life in patients after laparoscopic or open colorectal surgery. A systematic review was performed of all randomized clinical trials (RCTs) that compared laparoscopic with open colorectal surgery. Study selection, quality

  18. Laparoscopic Nephrectomy for Wilms Tumor

    OpenAIRE

    Andolfi C; Randi B; Ruggeri G.; Lima M.

    2014-01-01

    Wilms tumor is the most frequent primary renal malignancy in children. The surgical resection is traditionally performed through laparotomy. The advent of laparoscopic surgery for benign renal lesions has led the surgeon to use a minimal invasive approach for the nephroblastoma. We describe a 9-months-old girl who presented with a left renal mass. A laparoscopic resection of the tumor with left radical nephroureterectomy was performed. The specimens were removed in an endoscopic bag through a...

  19. Strategic laparoscopic surgery for improved cosmesis in general and bariatric surgery: analysis of initial 127 cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyen, Ninh T; Smith, Brian R; Reavis, Kevin M; Nguyen, Xuan-Mai T; Nguyen, Brian; Stamos, Michael J

    2012-05-01

    Strategic laparoscopic surgery for improved cosmesis (SLIC) is a less invasive surgical approach than conventional laparoscopic surgery. The aim of this study was to examine the feasibility and safety of SLIC for general and bariatric surgical operations. Additionally, we compared the outcomes of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy with those performed by the SLIC technique. In an academic medical center, from April 2008 to December 2010, 127 patients underwent SLIC procedures: 38 SLIC cholecystectomy, 56 SLIC gastric banding, 26 SLIC sleeve gastrectomy, 1 SLIC gastrojejunostomy, and 6 SLIC appendectomy. SLIC sleeve gastrectomy was initially performed through a single 4.0-cm supraumbilical incision with extraction of the gastric specimen through the same incision. The technique evolved to laparoscopic incisions that were all placed within the umbilicus and suprapubic region. There were no 30-day or in-hospital mortalities or 30-day re-admissions or re-operations. For SLIC cholecystectomy, gastric banding, appendectomy, and gastrojejunostomy, conversion to conventional laparoscopy occurred in 5.3%, 5.4%, 0%, and 0%, respectively; there were no major or minor postoperative complications. For SLIC sleeve gastrectomy, there were no significant differences in mean operative time and length of hospital stay compared with laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy; 1 (3.8%) of 26 SLIC patients required conversion to five-port laparoscopy. There were no major complications. Minor complications occurred in 7.7% in the SLIC sleeve group versus 8.3% in the laparoscopic sleeve group. SLIC in general and bariatric operations is technically feasible, safe, and associated with a low rate of conversion to conventional laparoscopy. Compared with laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy, SLIC sleeve gastrectomy can be performed without a prolonged operative time with comparable perioperative outcomes.

  20. Clinical outcomes of single incision laparoscopic surgery and conventional laparoscopic transabdominal preperitoneal inguinal hernia repair

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ece, Ilhan; Yilmaz, Huseyin; Yormaz, Serdar; Sahin, Mustafa

    2017-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic surgery has been a frequently performed method for inguinal hernia repair. Studies have demonstrated that the laparoscopic transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) approach is an appropriate choice for inguinal hernia repair. Single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) was developed to improve the cosmetic effects of conventional laparoscopy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and feasibility of SILS-TAPP compared with TAPP technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 148 patients who underwent TAPP or SILS-TAPP in our surgery clinic between December 2012 and January 2015 were enrolled. Data including patient demographics, hernia characteristics, operative time, intraoperative and postoperative complications, length of hospital stay and recurrence rate were retrospectively collected. RESULTS: In total, 60 SILS-TAPP and 88 TAPP procedures were performed in the study period. The two groups were similar in terms of gender, type of hernia, and American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) classification score. The patients in the SILS-TAPP group were younger when compared the TAPP group. Port site hernia (PSH) rate was significantly high in the SILS-TAPP group, and all PSHs were recorded in patients with severe comorbidities. The mean operative time has no significant difference in two groups. All SILS procedures were completed successfully without conversion to conventional laparoscopy or open repair. No intraoperative complication was recorded. There was no recurrence during the mean follow-up period of 15.2 ± 3.8 months. CONCLUSION: SILS TAPP for inguinal hernia repair seems to be a feasible, safe method, and is comparable with TAPP technique. However, randomized trials are required to evaluate long-term clinical outcomes. PMID:27251835

  1. Single port laparoscopic liver surgery:A minireview

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ilhan Karabicak; Kagan Karabulut

    2016-01-01

    Nowadays,the trend is to perform surgeries with"scarless"incisions.In light of this,the single-port laparoscopic surgery(SPLS)technique is rapidly becoming widespread due to its lack of invasiveness and its cosmetic advantages,as the only entry point is usually hidden in the umbilicus.The interest in"scarless"liver resections did not grow as rapidly as the interest in other scarless surgeries.Hepatopancreatobiliary surgeons are reluctant to operate a malignant lesion through a narrowincision with limited exposure.There are concerns over adverse oncological outcomes for single-port laparoscopic liver resections(SPL-LR)for hepatocellular carcinoma or metastatic colorectal cancer.In addition,getting familiar with using the operating instruments through a narrow incision with limited exposure is very challenging.In this article,we reviewed the published literature to describe history,indications,contraindications,ideal patients for new beginners,technical difficulty,advantages,disadvantages,oncological concern and the future of SPL-LR.

  2. Content-based retrieval in videos from laparoscopic surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schoeffmann, Klaus; Beecks, Christian; Lux, Mathias; Uysal, Merih Seran; Seidl, Thomas

    2016-03-01

    In the field of medical endoscopy more and more surgeons are changing over to record and store videos of their endoscopic procedures for long-term archival. These endoscopic videos are a good source of information for explanations to patients and follow-up operations. As the endoscope is the "eye of the surgeon", the video shows the same information the surgeon has seen during the operation, and can describe the situation inside the patient much more precisely than an operation report would do. Recorded endoscopic videos can also be used for training young surgeons and in some countries the long-term archival of video recordings from endoscopic procedures is even enforced by law. A major challenge, however, is to efficiently access these very large video archives for later purposes. One problem, for example, is to locate specific images in the videos that show important situations, which are additionally captured as static images during the procedure. This work addresses this problem and focuses on contentbased video retrieval in data from laparoscopic surgery. We propose to use feature signatures, which can appropriately and concisely describe the content of laparoscopic images, and show that by using this content descriptor with an appropriate metric, we are able to efficiently perform content-based retrieval in laparoscopic videos. In a dataset with 600 captured static images from 33 hours recordings, we are able to find the correct video segment for more than 88% of these images.

  3. Current Status of Single-incision Laparoscopic Surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ahmed, Irfan; Ciancio, Fabio; Ferrara, Vincenzo;

    2012-01-01

    Recent advances in minimally invasive surgery have centered on reducing the number of incisions required, which has led to the development of the single-incision laparoscopic technique. A panel of European single-incision laparoscopy experts met to discuss the current status of, and the future...... expectations for, the technique. The experts reached agreement on a number of statements and recommendations, which will support surgeons in adopting the technique. The panel agreed that the single-incision technique may offer a number of benefits to patients; however, further clinical data need...

  4. Laparoscopic surgery for inguinal hernia: Current status and controversies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bhandarkar Deepraj

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Repair of inguinal hernia is one of the commonest operations performed by surgeons around the world. The treatment of this common problem has seen an evolution from the pure tissue repairs to the prosthetic repairs and in the recent past to laparoscopic repair. The fact that so many hernia repairs are practiced is a testimony to the fact that probably none is distinctly superior to the other. This review assesses the current status of surgery for repair of inguinal hernia and examines the various controversial issues surrounding the subject.

  5. Laparoscopic colorectal surgery: what to expect from an initial experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fábio Ramos Teixeira

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Laparoscopic colorectal surgery is less traumatic when compared to traditional surgery techniques, with well-established advantages. The objective of this study was to report the experience in laparoscopic surgical treatment of colorectal diseases. METHOD: Catalog all patients submitted to laparoscopic colorectal surgery performed by one surgeon and perform a descriptive analysis of key data from these records. RESULTS: The study analyzed data from 43 patients who underwent laparoscopic colorectal surgery. Most were females (n=30; 69.77% in relation to males (n=13; 30.23%, mean age of 57.21 years old. Among the indications for surgery, diverticular disease was the most frequent (n=20; 46.51%, followed by malignancy (n=13; 30.23%. Most patients underwent rectosigmoidectomy (n=28; 65.12%, followed by right hemicolectomy (n=6; 13.95%, with conversions in five cases (11.63%. The study observed a tendency towards increased number of surgeries, reduced average operative time as well as decreased conversions to laparotomy along the studied period. CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic colorectal surgery is a safe procedure, and with the technical development of the team, the results have been increasingly good.A videolaparoscopia colorretal apresenta-se como uma tática operatória menos traumática com vantagens bem-estabelecidas. O objetivo deste trabalho foi apresentar a experiência no tratamento cirúrgico videolaparoscópico das afecções colorretais. MÉTODO: Catalogar todos os pacientes submetidos à cirurgia colorretal videolaparoscópica realizadas por um único cirurgião e realizar uma análise descritiva dos principais dados a partir dos prontuários destes. RESULTADOS: O estudo analisou dados de 43 pacientes que foram submetidos à cirurgia colorretal por videolaparoscopia. A maioria era do gênero feminino (n=30; 69,77% em relação ao masculino (n=13; 30,23% com média de idade de 57,21 anos. Dentre as indicações cirúrgicas, doença diverticular

  6. Principles of safe abdominal entry in laparoscopic gynecologic surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jongrak Thepsuwan

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Laparoscopic gynecologic surgery has been widely used with a range of benefits. However, there are complications that are related to the abdominal entry process. Serious complications are gastrointestinal tract and major blood vessel injuries. This review introduces the recent available literature to prevent and eliminate the laparoscopic entry complications. The open entry technique is associated with a significant reduction of failed entry, compared to the closed entry technique; however there is no difference in the incidence of visceral or vascular injury. Laparoscopic entry by the left upper abdomen (i.e., Palmer's point or the middle upper abdomen (i.e., the Lee-Huang point could be considered in patients with suspected periumbilical adhesions or a history of umbilical hernia, or after three failed attempts of insufflation at the umbilicus. The Lee-Huang point has its own benefit for the operative laparoscopy in large pelvic pathologies and gynecology malignancy cases. The angle of Veress needle insertion varies from 45° in nonobese women to 90° in extraordinarily obese women. The high intra-peritoneal pressure entries, which range from 20 mmHg to 25 mmHg, minimize the risk of vascular injury. Therefore, this will not adversely affect the cardiopulmonary function in healthy women. The Veress intraperitoneal pressure (<10 mmHg is a reliable indicator of correct intraperitoneal placement of the Veress needle. The elevation of anterior abdominal wall for placement of a Veress needle increases the risks of failed entry and shows no advantage in regard to vascular or visceral complications. Surgeons should continue to increase their knowledge of anatomy, their training, and their experience to decrease laparoscopic complications.

  7. ACUTE RENAL FAILURE AFTER CARDIAC SURGERY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N Safai

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available "nAcute renal failure (ARF following cardiac surgery occurs in 1 to 10% of patients. Patients who develop ARF have higher rates of mortality. This study was undertaken to estimate the role of perioperative variables in predicting of post cardiac surgery ARF. We studied a cohort of 398 adult patients who underwent cardiac surgery at our institution from February 2004 to February 2006. Adult patients who were scheduled for cardiac valvular surgery, coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG or both, with or without cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB were included. Exclusion criteria were death within two days of operation (n= 8, incomplete patient data, and preexisting renal dysfunction and dialysis requirement or a baseline serum creatinine > 4 mg/dl. Age, sex, left ventricular ejection fraction, diabetes, preoperative, presence of proteinuria (on dipstick, type of surgery, use of CPB and duration of surgery were recorded. A logistic regression analysis was performed to assess independent contribution of variables in the risk of ARF. A binary logistic regression revealed age was an independent predictor of ARF (P < 0.05. When both all variables were included in a multinominal logistic regression model, preoperative proteinuria independently predicted ARF (Odds ratio= 3.91, 95% CI: 1.55-9.91, P = 0.004. Our results revealed that special considerations should be given to elderly and patients with proteinuria when managing post cardiac surgery ARF.

  8. Laparoscopic surgery and muscle relaxants: is deep block helpful?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kopman, Aaron F; Naguib, Mohamed

    2015-01-01

    It has been hypothesized that providing deep neuromuscular block (a posttetanic count of 1 or more, but a train-of-four [TOF] count of zero) when compared with moderate block (TOF counts of 1-3) for laparoscopic surgery would allow for the use of lower inflation pressures while optimizing surgical space and enhancing patient safety. We conducted a literature search on 6 different medical databases using 3 search strategies in each database in an attempt to find data substantiating this proposition. In addition, we studied the reference lists of the articles retrieved in the search and of other relevant articles known to the authors. There is some evidence that maintaining low inflation pressures during intra-abdominal laparoscopic surgery may reduce postoperative pain. Unfortunately most of the studies that come to these conclusions give few if any details as to the anesthetic protocol or the management of neuromuscular block. Performing laparoscopic surgery under low versus standard pressure pneumoperitoneum is associated with no difference in outcome with respect to surgical morbidity, conversion to open cholecystectomy, hemodynamic effects, length of hospital stay, or patient satisfaction. There is a limit to what deep neuromuscular block can achieve. Attempts to perform laparoscopic cholecystectomy at an inflation pressure of 8 mm Hg are associated with a 40% failure rate even at posttetanic counts of 1 or less. Well-designed studies that ask the question "is deep block superior to moderate block vis-à-vis surgical operating conditions" are essentially nonexistent. Without exception, all the peer-reviewed studies we uncovered which state that they investigated this issue have such serious flaws in their protocols that the authors' conclusions are suspect. However, there is evidence that abdominal compliance was not increased by a significant amount when deep block was established when compared with moderate neuromuscular block. Maintenance of deep block for

  9. Role of preoperative sonography in predicting conversion from laparoscopic cholecystectomy to open surgery

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tosun, Alptekin, E-mail: tosun_alptekin@yahoo.com [Giresun University Hospital, Department of Radiology (Turkey); Hancerliogullari, Kadir Oymen [Giresun University Hospital, Department of Pediatric Surgery (Turkey); Serifoglu, Ismail [Bulent Ecevit University Hospital, Department of Radiology (Turkey); Capan, Yavuz [Gaziantep Primer Hospital, Department of Surgery (Turkey); Ozkaya, Enis [Dr. Sami Ulus Maternity and Children' s Health Training and Research Hospital, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology (Turkey)

    2015-03-15

    Highlights: •The purpose of this study was to establish a radiologic view on prediction of conversion from laparoscopic cholecystectomy to open surgery. The study may be a guide for the surgeon to prefer laparoscopic or open surgery. -- Abstract: Background: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the first step treatment in cholelithiasis. The purpose of this study was to establish a radiologic view on prediction of conversion from laparoscopic cholecystectomy to open surgery. Methods: This study included 176 patients who had undergone laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Preoperative ultrasonographic findings were assessed and we gave points to each finding according to results from correlation analysis. After the scoring we investigated the relationship between ultrasonographic findings and conversion from laparoscopic cholecystectomy to open surgery. Results: Scoring significantly predicted failure in laparoscopic approach (AUC = 0.758, P = 0.003,). Optimal cut off score was found to be 1.95 with 67% sensitivity and 78% specificity. Score > 1.95 was a risk factor for failure in laparoscopic approach [odds ratio = 7.1(95% CI,2-24.9, P = 0.002)]. There were 8 subjects out of 36(22%) with high score underwent open surgery while 4 out of 128 (3%) subjects with low score needed open surgery (p = 0.002). Negative predictive value of 128/132 = 97%. Mean score of whole study population was 1.28 (range 0–8.8) and mean score of subjects underwent open surgery was 3.6 while it was 1.1 in successful laparoscopic approach group (p < 0.001). Mean Age and BMI were similar between groups (p > 0.05). Sex of subjects did not affect the success of surgery (p > 0.05). Conclusion: The contribution of preoperative ultrasonography is emphasized in many studies. Our study suggests quantitative results on conversion from laparoscopic cholecystectomy to open surgery. We believe that radiologists have to indicate the risk of conversion in their ultrasonography reports.

  10. [Patient information and obtaining informed consent in laparoscopic surgery].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rougé, C; Tuesch, J J; Casa, C; Ludes, B; Arnaud, J P

    1997-12-01

    Since the advent of laparoscopic surgery, the number of suits against surgeons has risen. One of the most frequent complaints is the lack of sufficient information. Physicians in France have a formal obligation to provide information in the contractual legal context established since 1936. This notion has been confirmed in several court cases. The requirement for patient informed consent has been confirmed by several decisions of the Appeals Court and is stated in the code of deontology. The value of classical oral information has been recently questioned in certain court cases. We analyse the current legal situation in France and try to define the content of information required in the case of laparoscopic surgery in addition to the way this information is provided and the means of obtaining informed consent. The information provided must be personalised. The patient must informed that laparoscopy remains a surgical operation. It is licit to warn the patient of predictable risks according to statistical probabilities, of the team's experience and of the patients own status including past history and psychological factors. A written statement may be prepared but must remain a document complementary to personalised oral information. The surgeon must obtain and assure good patient comprehension. The surgical community should publish risk rates in order for surgeons to have reliable references which can be used to define the notion of exceptional risk.

  11. Improving tactile sensation in laparoscopic surgery by overcoming size restrictions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wiederer C.

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Hepatic tumors appear as stiff inclusions within the surrounding soft, healthy tissue. In open surgery they are searched for by manual palpation with the gloved fingertip. However, to exploit the benefits of MIS it is mandatory to implement a substitution for the human sense of touch. Therefore, a tactile instrument has been developed with the aim of enlarging the sensing area at the tool tip once it enters the abdominal cavity through the trocar. The provision of a large sensitive surface enables the detection of nearly all sizes of tumors and decreases the time needed for the performance of this task. A prototype was manufactured by laser sintering in PA serving as a carrier for an existing flexible silicone sensor. Automated as well as manual subject palpation tests have shown that a prototypical instrument with a laterally opening lid would be a suitable device for tumor detection in laparoscopic liver surgery.

  12. Single-port laparoscopic rectal surgery - a systematic review

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lolle, Ida; Rosenstock, Steffen; Bulut, Orhan

    2014-01-01

    of PubMed and Embase was performed in September 2013 according to the PRISMA guidelines. Original reports on the use of SPLS in high and low anterior resection, Hartmann's operation and abdominoperineal resection were included. Outcome measures were intra-operative details and complications, short...... the basis for the final analyses of outcome. Operative times ranged from 79 to 280 min. Conversion rates to conventional laparoscopic surgery and to open surgery were 12% and 2.5%, respectively. The number of harvested lymph nodes in malignant cases was 13-18. The post-operative complication rate was 25......-term oncological outcome and early complication profile. RESULTS: No randomised studies or controlled clinical studies were identified. All studies were case series or case reports. Only five studies included more than ten patients operated with SPLS, comprising a total of 120 patients. These studies formed...

  13. Is gynaecological laparoscopic surgery safe for elderly women? A comparison study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cengiz, H; Dagdeviren, H; Kanawati, A; Kaya, C; Ekin, M

    2014-10-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of gynaecological laparoscopic surgery in an elderly group, by comparing the operative outcomes of the elderly group with those of the younger group. We analysed retrospective data of 121 women who underwent laparoscopic surgery for benign gynaecological disease. Women aged > 60 years were compared with women aged between 30 and 50 years who had the same operation. We evaluated body mass index, comorbidities, number of previous abdominal surgeries, operating time, haemoglobin change, postoperative complications, hospital stay and return of bowel activity. There were no significant differences between the elderly and a matched younger group in number of previous abdominal surgeries, operating time, ASA score distribution, changes in haemoglobin level, hospital stay and postoperative complications (p > 0.05). Laparoscopic surgery can be safely performed in elderly patients with benign gynaecological disease, and surgeons should not hesitate to perform laparoscopic surgery in elderly patients.

  14. Hand-assisted laparoscopic radical nephrectomy in the treatment of a renal cell carcinoma with a level ii vena cava thrombus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jason R. Kovac

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Excision of renal cell carcinoma (RCC with corresponding vena cava thrombus is a technical challenge requiring open resection and vascular clamping. A 58 year old male with a right kidney tumor presented with a thrombus extending 1 cm into the vena cava. Using a hand-assisted transperitoneal approach through a 7 cm gel-port, the right kidney was dissected and the multiple vascular collaterals supplying the tumor were identified and isolated. The inferior vena cava was mobilized 4 cm cephalad and 4 cm caudal to the right renal vein. Lateral manual traction was applied to the right kidney allowing the tumor thrombus to be retracted into the renal vein, clear of the vena cava. After laparoscopic ultrasonographic confirmation of the location of the tip of the tumor thrombus, an articulating laparoscopic vascular stapler was used to staple the vena cava at the ostium of the right renal vein. This allowed removal of the tumor thrombus without the need for a Satinsky clamp. The surgery was completed in 243 minutes with no intra-operative complications. The entire kidney and tumor thrombus was removed with negative surgical margins. Estimated blood loss was 300 cc. We present a laparoscopic resection of a renal mass with associated level II thrombus using a hand-assisted approach. In patients with minimal caval involvement, our surgical approach presents an option to the traditional open resection of a renal mass.

  15. Perioperative Outcomes of Robotic Assisted Laparoscopic Surgery Versus Conventional Laparoscopy Surgery for Advanced-Stage Endometriosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sirota, Ido

    2014-01-01

    Background and Objectives: To determine perioperative outcome differences in patients undergoing robotic-assisted laparoscopic surgery (RALS) versus conventional laparoscopic surgery (CLS) for advanced-stage endometriosis. Methods: This retrospective cohort study at a minimally invasive gynecologic surgery center at 2 academically affiliated, urban, nonprofit hospitals included all patients treated by either robotic-assisted or conventional laparoscopic surgery for stage III or IV endometriosis (American Society for Reproductive Medicine criteria) between July 2009 and October 2012 by 1 surgeon experienced in both techniques. The main outcome measures were extent of surgery, estimated blood loss, operating room time, intraoperative and postoperative complications, and length of stay, with medians for continuous measures and distributions for categorical measures, stratified by body mass index values. Robotically assisted laparoscopy and conventional laparoscopy were then compared by use of the Wilcoxon rank sum, χ2, or Fisher exact test, as appropriate. Results: Among 86 conventional laparoscopic and 32 robotically assisted cases, the latter had a higher body mass index (27.36 kg/m2 [range, 23.90–34.09 kg/m2] versus 24.53 kg/m2 [range, 22.27–26.96 kg/m2]; P laparoscopy patients. After body mass index stratification, obese patients varied in operating room time (282.5 minutes [range, 224–342 minutes] for robotic-assisted laparoscopy versus 174 minutes [range, 130–270 minutes] for conventional laparoscopy; P laparoscopy groups. Conclusion: Despite a higher operating room time, robotic-assisted laparoscopy appears to be a safe minimally invasive approach for patients, with all other perioperative outcomes, including intraoperative and postoperative complications, comparable with those in patients undergoing conventional laparoscopy. PMID:25489208

  16. Symptomatic simple renal cyst managed by laparoscopic unroofing in a child

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mete Kaya

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Simple renal cysts (SRC in children are uncommon, usually asymptomatic, and discovered incidentally during investigation for other urinary or abdominal symptoms. The management of SRC in children depends on the symptoms and imaging. Patients can be followed by ultrasonography or other imaging or may be decided an intervention. The available procedures for the treatment of symptomatic cysts are percutaneous aspiration with or without sclerotherapy and open or laparoscopic approaches of the lesions. Only a few small series have been published SRC in children, and is not sufficient data available regarding laparoscopic approach. In this case report, we present a case of symptomatic SRC who underwent laparoscopic unroofing

  17. Thoracic combined spinal epidural anesthesia for laparoscopic cholecystectomy in a geriatric patient with ischemic heart disease and renal insufficiency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mehta, Nandita; Gupta, Sunana; Sharma, Atul; Dar, Mohd Reidwan

    2015-01-01

    Older people undergoing any surgery have a higher incidence of morbidity and mortality, resulting from a decline in physiological reserves, associated comorbidities, polypharmacy, cognitive dysfunction, and frailty. Most of the clinical trials comparing regional versus general anesthesia in elderly have failed to establish superiority of any single technique. However, the ideal approach in elderly is to be least invasive, thus minimizing alterations in homeostasis. The goal of anesthetic management in laparoscopic procedures includes management of pneumoperitoneum, achieving an adequate level of sensory blockade without any respiratory compromise, management of shoulder tip pain, provision of adequate postoperative pain relief, and early ambulation. Regional anesthesia fulfills all the aforementioned criteria and aids in quick recovery and thus has been suggested to be a suitable alternative to general anesthesia for laparoscopic surgeries, particularly in patients who are at high risk while under general anesthesia or for patients unwilling to undergo general anesthesia. In conclusion, we report results of successful management with thoracic combined spinal epidural for laparoscopic cholecystectomy of a geriatric patient with ischemic heart disease with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and renal insufficiency.

  18. Inguinal hernia surgery in developing countries: should laparoscopic repairs be performed ?

    OpenAIRE

    Nsadi, Berthier; Detry, Olivier; Arung, Willy

    2017-01-01

    In conclusion, from our own experience of laparoscopic surgery in DRC, we strongly believe that there is no reason to develop inguinal laparoscopic repair in developing countries. Laparoscopic repairs are more expensive and more difficult to perform and to learn. The next step of abdominal wall repairs in the developing world should focus on teaching the surgeons to use either commercial or low-cost mosquito meshes in open repairs and assessing the results of these procedures in such challeng...

  19. Laparoscopic Cryoablation Of Small Renal Tumors – Does Anatomical Tumor Complexity Affect Treatment Outcome?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Tommy Kjærgaard; Østraat, Øyvind; Andersen, Gratien;

    status: 1.2 (95%CI 1.0;1.3). Mean tumor size: 27 mm (95%CI 26;29). Mean follow-up time: 24 months (95%CI 20;27). A total of 16 patients (13%) were previously diagnosed with renal cancer and the majority of these patients had previously undergone nephrectomy. PADUA-score was found to be low or moderate......Background: Renal cryoablation is a valid treatment option for localized pT1a renal tumors and has been the modality of choice at Aarhus University Hospital since 2005. Anatomical tumor classification systems such as PADUA and RENAL scores were initially introduced as tools to evaluate complication...... compared to patients with a less anatomical complex tumor when treated with laparoscopic cryoablation. Material and methods: A retrospective review of Aarhus Cryoablation Register identified 120 patients with a single biopsy-verified pT1a renal tumor, treated with primary laparoscopic cryoablation between...

  20. Laparoscopic Cryoablation Of Small Renal Tumors – Does Anatomical Tumor Complexity Effect Treatment Outcome?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Tommy Kjærgaard; Østraat, Øyvind; Andersen, Gratien;

    status: 1.2 (95%CI 1.0;1.3). Mean tumor size: 27 mm (95%CI 26;29). Mean follow-up time: 24 months (95%CI 20;27). A total of 16 patients (13%) were previously diagnosed with renal cancer and the majority of these patients had previously undergone nephrectomy. PADUA-score was found to be low or moderate......Background: Renal cryoablation is a valid treatment option for localized pT1a renal tumors and has been the modality of choice at Aarhus University Hospital since 2005. Anatomical tumor classification systems such as PADUA and RENAL scores were initially introduced as tools to evaluate complication...... compared to patients with a less anatomical complex tumor when treated with laparoscopic cryoablation. Material and methods: A retrospective review of Aarhus Cryoablation Register identified 120 patients with a single biopsy-verified pT1a renal tumor, treated with primary laparoscopic cryoablation between...

  1. Fast access and early ligation of the renal pedicle significantly facilitates retroperitoneal laparoscopic radical nephrectomy procedures: modified laparoscopic radical nephrectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yang Qing

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The objective of this study was to develop a modified retroperitoneal laparoscopic nephrectomy and compare its results with the previous technique. Methods One hundred retroperitoneal laparoscopic nephrectomies were performed from February 2007 to October 2011. The previous technique was performed in 60 cases (Group 1. The modified technique (n = 40 included fast access to the renal pedicle according to several anatomic landmarks and early ligation of renal vessels (Group 2. The mean operation time, mean blood loss, duration of hospital stay conversion rate and complication rate were compared between the groups. Results No significant differences were detected regarding mean patient age, mean body mass index, and tumor size between the two groups (P >0.05. The mean operation time was 59.5 ± 20.0 and 39.5 ± 17.5 minutes, respectively, in Groups 1 and 2 (P P P >0.05. Conclusions Early ligature using fast access to the renal vessels during retroperitoneal laparoscopic radical nephrectomy contributed to less operation time and intraoperative blood loss compared with the previous technique. In addition, the modified technique permits the procedure to be performed following the principles of open radical nephrectomy.

  2. The status of augmented reality in laparoscopic surgery as of 2016.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bernhardt, Sylvain; Nicolau, Stéphane A; Soler, Luc; Doignon, Christophe

    2017-04-01

    This article establishes a comprehensive review of all the different methods proposed by the literature concerning augmented reality in intra-abdominal minimally invasive surgery (also known as laparoscopic surgery). A solid background of surgical augmented reality is first provided in order to support the survey. Then, the various methods of laparoscopic augmented reality as well as their key tasks are categorized in order to better grasp the current landscape of the field. Finally, the various issues gathered from these reviewed approaches are organized in order to outline the remaining challenges of augmented reality in laparoscopic surgery. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  3. A simple application technique of fibrin-coated collagen fleece (TachoComb) in laparoscopic surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakajima, Kiyokazu; Yasumasa, Keigo; Endo, Shunji; Takahashi, Tsuyoshi; Kai, Yasuyuki; Nezu, Riichiro; Nishida, Toshirou

    2007-01-01

    A fibrin-coated collagen fleece (TachoComb, Nycomed, Denmark) is a powerful topical hemostatic agent, which has been aggressively used in conventional open surgery with a favorable clinical outcome. However, the use of TachoComb in laparoscopic surgery has not yet gained wide clinical acceptance, because a simple and well-functioning application system is not available. The authors have newly developed a quick, simple, and effective laparoscopic TachoComb application technique: housing a small strip of TachoComb in a rubber tube, then conveying it into the peritoneal cavity, and applying it using standard laparoscopic forceps. The repeated application of TachoComb strips is feasible and of practical value especially in laparoscopic surgery, since a small TachoComb never compromises either the application procedure or laparoscopic visualization.

  4. Virtual reality simulators and training in laparoscopic surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yiannakopoulou, Eugenia; Nikiteas, Nikolaos; Perrea, Despina; Tsigris, Christos

    2015-01-01

    Virtual reality simulators provide basic skills training without supervision in a controlled environment, free of pressure of operating on patients. Skills obtained through virtual reality simulation training can be transferred on the operating room. However, relative evidence is limited with data available only for basic surgical skills and for laparoscopic cholecystectomy. No data exist on the effect of virtual reality simulation on performance on advanced surgical procedures. Evidence suggests that performance on virtual reality simulators reliably distinguishes experienced from novice surgeons Limited available data suggest that independent approach on virtual reality simulation training is not different from proctored approach. The effect of virtual reality simulators training on acquisition of basic surgical skills does not seem to be different from the effect the physical simulators. Limited data exist on the effect of virtual reality simulation training on the acquisition of visual spatial perception and stress coping skills. Undoubtedly, virtual reality simulation training provides an alternative means of improving performance in laparoscopic surgery. However, future research efforts should focus on the effect of virtual reality simulation on performance in the context of advanced surgical procedure, on standardization of training, on the possibility of synergistic effect of virtual reality simulation training combined with mental training, on personalized training. Copyright © 2014 Surgical Associates Ltd. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  5. Short- and long-term outcomes of laparoscopic surgery vs open surgery for transverse colon cancer: a retrospective multicenter study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kim JW

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Jong Wan Kim,1 Jeong Yeon Kim,1 Byung Mo Kang,2 Bong Hwa Lee,3 Byung Chun Kim,4 Jun Ho Park5 1Department of Surgery, Dongtan Sacred Heart Hospital, College of Medicine, Hallym University, Hwaseong Si, 2Department of Surgery, Chuncheon Sacred Heart Hospital, College of Medicine, Hallym University, Chuncheon Si, 3Department of Surgery, Hallym Sacred Heart Hospital, College of Medicine, Hallym University, Anyang Si, 4Department of Surgery, Kangnam Sacred Heart Hospital, College of Medicine, Hallym University, Seoul, 5Department of Surgery, Kangdong Sacred Heart Hospital, College of Medicine, Hallym University, Seoul, Republic of Korea Purpose: The purpose of the present study was to compare the perioperative and oncologic outcomes between laparoscopic surgery and open surgery for transverse colon cancer.Patients and methods: We conducted a retrospective review of patients who underwent surgery for transverse colon cancer at six Hallym University-affiliated hospitals between January 2005 and June 2015. The perioperative outcomes and oncologic outcomes were compared between laparoscopic and open surgery.Results: Of 226 patients with transverse colon cancer, 103 underwent laparoscopic surgery and 123 underwent open surgery. There were no differences in the patient characteristics between the two groups. Regarding perioperative outcomes, the operation time was significantly longer in the laparoscopic group than in the open group (267.3 vs 172.7 minutes, P<0.001, but the time to soft food intake (6.0 vs 6.6 days, P=0.036 and the postoperative hospital stay (13.7 vs 15.7 days, P=0.018 were shorter in the laparoscopic group. The number of harvested lymph nodes was lower in the laparoscopic group than in the open group (20.3 vs 24.3, P<0.001. The 5-year overall survival (90.8% vs 88.6%, P=0.540 and disease-free survival (86.1% vs 78.9%, P=0.201 rates were similar in both groups.Conclusion: The present study showed that laparoscopic surgery is associated

  6. Robotic-assisted laparoscopic surgery: recent advances in urology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Autorino, Riccardo; Zargar, Homayoun; Kaouk, Jihad H

    2014-10-01

    The aim of the present review is to summarize recent developments in the field of urologic robotic surgery. A nonsystematic literature review was performed to retrieve publications related to robotic surgery in urology and evidence-based critical analysis was conducted by focusing on the literature of the past 5 years. The use of the da Vinci Surgical System, a robotic surgical system, has been implemented for the entire spectrum of extirpative and reconstructive laparoscopic kidney procedures. The robotic approach can be applied for a range of adrenal indications as well as for ureteral diseases, including benign and malignant conditions affecting the proximal, mid, and distal ureter. Current evidence suggests that robotic prostatectomy is associated with less blood loss compared with the open surgery. Besides prostate cancer, robotics has been used for simple prostatectomy in patients with symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia. Recent studies suggest that minimally invasive radical cystectomy provides encouraging oncologic outcomes mirroring those reported for open surgery. In recent years, the evolution of robotic surgery has enabled urologic surgeons to perform urinary diversions intracorporeally. Robotic vasectomy reversal and several other robotic andrological applications are being explored. In summary, robotic-assisted surgery is an emerging and safe technology for most urologic operations. The acceptance of robotic prostatectomy during the past decade has paved the way for urologists to explore the entire spectrum of extirpative and reconstructive urologic procedures. Cost remains a significant issue that could be solved by wider dissemination of the technology. Copyright © 2014 American Society for Reproductive Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. Effect of residents' previous laparoscopic surgery experience on initial robotic suturing experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kilic, Gokhan Sami; Walsh, Teresa M; Borahay, Mostafa; Zeybek, Burak; Wen, Michael; Breitkopf, Daniel

    2012-01-01

    Objective. To assess the impact of gynecology residents' previous laparoscopic experience on the learning curve of robotic suturing techniques and the value of initial structured teaching in dry lab prior to surgery. Methods. Thirteen gynecology residents with no previous robotic surgery experience were divided into Group 1, consisting of residents with 2 or fewer laparoscopic experiences, and Group 2, consisting of residents with 3 or more laparoscopic experiences. Group 1 had a dry-laboratory training in suturing prior to their initial experience in the operating room. Results. For all residents, it took on average 382 ± 159 seconds for laparoscopic suturing and 326 ± 196 seconds for robotic suturing (P = 0.12). Residents in Group 1 had a lower mean suture time than residents in Group 2 for laparoscopic suturing (P = 0.009). The residents in Group 2, however, had a lower mean suture time on the robot compared to Group 1 (P = 0.5). Conclusion. Residents with previous laparoscopic suturing experience may gain more from a robotic surgery experience than those with limited laparoscopic surgery experience. In addition, dry lab training is more efficient than hands-on training in the initial phase of teaching for both laparoscopic and robotic suturing skills.

  8. Retroperitoneal laparoscopic nephron sparing surgery for the treatment of renal tumors: with a report of 12 cases%腹膜后腹腔镜保留肾单位手术治疗肾肿瘤的临床体会(附12例报告)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王安; 袁荫田; 刘鹏; 潘爱民; 韩多亮

    2013-01-01

    Objective:To evaluate the methods and clinical efficacy of retroperitoneal laparoscopic nephron sparing surgery for the treatment of renal tumors.Methods:Clinical data of twelve patients with renal tumor received retroperitoneal laparoscopic nephron sparing surgery were analyzed retrospectively.Bulldog clamps were used to clamp the renal artery.Cold scissor was used to resect tumors and Hem-o-lok was used for tightening thread after continuous suture instead of ligature when suturing the kidney parenchyma.The operative time,warm ischemia time,estimated blood loss,intraoperative and postoperative complications and the operative efficacy were recorded.Results:All the operations were successfully performed and no case was converted to open operation.The mean operative tine was (136 ± 28.0) min,mean warm ischemic time was (27 ± 7.9) min,and mean blood loss was (126 ± 83.1) ml.Pathological diagnosis was clear cell carcinoma in 10 cases,and angiomyolipoma in 2.One patient got anemia and low albumin,which was considered to be associated with hepatitis b and diabetes,and the albumin returned to normal after symptomatic treatment.There was no delayed hemorrhage or urinary leakage after surgery.The mean hospital stay was (11 ± 3.8) d.No severe postoperative complications were found,and no recurrence was found in all the patients during the mean follow-up of (12 ± 9.2) months.Conclusions:Retroperitoneal laparoscopic nephron sparing surgery for renal tumors has the advantages of definite effect,minimal invasion,quick recovery,and short hospital stay,surgeons who have skilled laparoscopic operation techniques can perform it as the first choice.%目的:探讨腹膜后腹腔镜保留肾单位手术治疗肾肿瘤的手术方法与临床疗效.方法:回顾分析为12例肾肿瘤患者行腹膜后腹腔镜保留肾单位手术的临床资料,术中用Bulldog夹钳夹肾动脉,冷剪刀剪除肿瘤,连续缝合并用Hem-o-lok收紧缝线,代替打结.观察手术时间、热

  9. Anesthetic management of laparoscopic pheochromocytoma surgery: A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hakan Akelma

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Pheochromocytoma is a neuroendocrine tumor of the adrenal medulla chromaffin cells. It has a variable clinic indicating symptoms such as hypertension, headache, sweating, palpitations, and anxiety. Determination of vanillylmandelic acid in urine and metanephrines are accepted as the most sensitive tests for diagnosis. Computerized tomography and magnetic resonance imaging cad be used for tumor localization. Anesthetic induction and surgical manipulations usually lead to the catastrophic release of catecholamines. Thus, accurate preoperative pharmacological preparation is vital in these patients. Treatment is a complete surgical resection of the primary tumor and, if possible, metastases after banning dangerous fluctuations in hemodynamic through α-blockers. Today, laparoscopic adrenalectomy has begun to replace open surgery as a standard treatment method in many adrenal diseases. J Clin Exp Invest 2014; 5 (2: 443-446

  10. The aching surgeon: a survey of physical discomfort and symptoms following open, laparoscopic, and robotic surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plerhoples, Timothy A; Hernandez-Boussard, Tina; Wren, Sherry M

    2012-03-01

    There is increasing interest in understanding the toll that operating takes on a surgeon's body. The effect of robotic surgery on surgeon discomfort has not been studied. We sought to document the discomfort of robotic surgery compared with open and laparoscopic surgery and to investigate the factors that affect the risk of physical symptoms. Nineteen-thousand eight-hundred and sixty-eight surgeons from all specialties trained in the use of robots were sent a 26-question online survey and 1,407 responded. One-thousand two-hundred and fifteen surgeons who practiced all three approaches were used in the analysis. Eight-hundred and seventy-one surgeons had physical discomfort or symptoms attributable to operating. Of those with symptoms, 55.4% attributed most of the symptoms to laparoscopic surgery, 36.3% to open surgery, and 8.3% to robotic surgery. A higher case load was predictive of increased symptoms for open and laparoscopic surgery, but not for robotic surgery. Robotic surgery was less likely than open or laparoscopic surgery to lead to neck, back, hip, knee, ankle, foot, and shoulder pain and less likely than laparoscopic surgery to lead to elbow and wrist pain. Robotic surgery was more likely than either open or laparoscopic surgery to lead to eye pain, and more likely than open surgery to lead to finger pain. Nearly a third (30.3%) of surgeons admit to giving consideration to their own discomfort when choosing an operative modality. Robotic surgery has promise in reducing the risk of physical discomfort for the operator. This is important as more surgeons consider their own health when choosing a surgical modality.

  11. Single-Access Laparoscopic Surgery for Ileal Disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamed Moftah

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim. Single-access laparoscopic surgery (SALS can be effective for benign and malignant diseases of the ileum in both the elective and urgent setting. Methods. Ten consecutive, nonselected patients with ileal disease requiring surgery over a twelve month period were included. All had a preoperative abdominopelvic computerized tomogram. Peritoneal access was achieved via a single transumbilical incision and a “surgical glove port” utilized as our preferred access device. With the pneumoperitoneum established, the relevant ileal loop was located using standard rigid instruments. For ileal resection, anastomosis, or enterotomy, the site of pathology was delivered and addressed extracorporeally. Result. The median (range age of the patients was 42.5 (22–78 years, and the median body mass index was 22 (20.2–28 kg/m2. Procedures included tru-cut biopsy of an ileal mesenteric mass, loop ileostomy and ileotomy for impacted gallstone extraction as well as ileal (=3 and ileocaecal resection (=4. Mean (range incision length was 2.5 (2–5 cm. All convalescences were uncomplicated. Conclusions. These preliminary results show that SALS is an efficient and safe modality for the surgical management of ileal disease with all the advantages of minimal access surgery and without requiring a significant increase in theatre resource or cost or incurring extra patient morbidity.

  12. Simultaneous resection of colorectal cancer and liver metastases in the right lobe using pure laparoscopic surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ando, Koji; Oki, Eiji; Ikeda, Tetsuo; Saeki, Hiroshi; Ida, Satoshi; Kimura, Yasue; Soejima, Yuuji; Morita, Masaru; Shirabe, Ken; Kusumoto, Tetuya; Maehara, Yoshihiko

    2014-08-01

    It is now common to resect colorectal cancer by laparoscopic surgery. Hepatectomy has become a standard treatment for patients with colorectal cancer with resectable liver metastases. The resection of liver tumors can now be done partly by laparoscopic surgery. However, metastatic tumors in the right lobe are often difficult to resect laparoscopically. Furthermore, simultaneous resection of the colorectum and liver may also be difficult. In this study, we evaluated a new method to resect both colorectal cancer and liver metastases in the right lobe by laparoscopic surgery. Two cases are presented that underwent total laparoscopic resection of a right lobe tumor, associated with laparoscopic colorectal resection. The metastatic tumor in the right lobe was first resected in the left hemi-prone position. Then, the colorectal cancer was resected in the lithotomy position. The method for resecting the right lobe liver tumor and colorectal cancer was safe and feasible. The mean duration of surgery was 443.5 min, and the mean blood loss was 158 mL. The postoperative course was uneventful. In selected patients, laparoscopic hepatectomy for right lobe synchronous metastatic tumors can be safely performed simultaneously with colorectal surgery.

  13. [Fundamentals of laparoscopic surgery in Colombia using telesimulation: an effective educational tool for distance learning].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henao, Óscar; Escallón, Jaime; Green, Jessica; Farcas, Mónica; Sierra, Juan Manuel; Sánchez, William; Okrainec, Allan

    2013-01-01

    The Fundamentals of Laparoscopic Surgery program is an educational program developed by the Society of American Gastrointestinal Endoscopic Surgeons, which includes a handson skills training component, a cognitive component, and an assessment component for laparoscopic surgery. Its main objective is to provide surgical residents and practicing surgeons with the opportunity to learn fundamental skills and obtain the theoretical knowledge required to perform laparoscopic surgery, guaranteeing a better performance in the operating room, and thus, improving patient security. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of telesimulation for teaching the Fundamentals of Laparosopic Surgery program in Colombia. Twenty participants (ten general surgeons and ten general surgery residents) in two cities in Colombia participated in eight weekly telesimulation sessions. Fundamentals of Laparoscopic Surgery scores were obtained for each participant before the telesimulation sessions (pre-test scores) and after telesimulation training was completed (post-test scores). Using scoring parameters developed by the Society of American Gastrointestinal Endoscopic Surgeons, we found a significant improvement between pre-test and post-test scores. All the participants passed the skills component of the course. This study evidences the effectiveness of telesimulation to improve the laparoscopic skills of the participants who had no previous knowledge of the Fundamentals of Laparoscopic Surgery program, which guaranteed obtaining the necessary score for approving the practical component of the program.

  14. Early complications after laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery: results from the Scandinavian Obesity Surgery Registry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stenberg, Erik; Szabo, Eva; Agren, Göran; Näslund, Erik; Boman, Lars; Bylund, Ami; Hedenbro, Jan; Laurenius, Anna; Lundegårdh, Göran; Lönroth, Hans; Möller, Peter; Sundbom, Magnus; Ottosson, Johan; Näslund, Ingmar

    2014-12-01

    To identify risk factors for serious and specific early complications of laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery using a large national cohort of patients. Bariatric procedures are among the most common surgical procedures today. There is, however, still a need to identify preoperative and intraoperative risk factors for serious complications. From the Scandinavian Obesity Surgery Registry database, we identified 26,173 patients undergoing primary laparoscopic gastric bypass operation for morbid obesity between May 1, 2007, and September 30, 2012. Follow-up on day 30 was 95.7%. Preoperative data and data from the operation were analyzed against serious postoperative complications and specific complications. The overall risk of serious postoperative complications was 3.4%. Age (adjusted P = 0.028), other additional operation [odds ratio (OR) = 1.50; confidence interval (CI): 1.04-2.18], intraoperative adverse event (OR = 2.63; 1.89-3.66), and conversion to open surgery (OR = 4.12; CI: 2.47-6.89) were all risk factors for serious postoperative complications. Annual hospital volume affected the rate of serious postoperative complications. If the hospital was in a learning curve at the time of the operation, the risk for serious postoperative complications was higher (OR = 1.45; CI: 1.22-1.71). The 90-day mortality rate was 0.04%. Intraoperative adverse events and conversion to open surgery are the strongest risk factors for serious complications after laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery. Annual operative volume and total institutional experience are important for the outcome. Patient related factors, in particular age, also increased the risk but to a lesser extent.

  15. [Continuous development of laparoscopic surgery for gastrointestinal carcinoma based on process optimization and technical innovation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Su, Xiangqian; Yang, Hong

    2014-08-01

    With process optimization and technical innovation, laparoscopic gastrointestinal surgery has evolved dramatically over the last two decades and provided important improvement in the contemporary surgical practice and patients' recovery. With the emergence of many new minimally invasive technologies, including total laparoscopic surgery, single-incision laparoscopic surgery, and natural orifice specimen extraction, patents with gastrointestinal carcinomas may experience less pain and have lower perioperative complications, but the exact efficacy remains to be proven. Large-scale international multi-centre randomized controlled trial data have revealed that laparoscopic colorectal surgery is safe both in terms of short-term perioperative outcomes and long-term oncological efficacy. However, the question whether there is an equivalent oncological outcome compared to the open approach in gastric cancer is still unanswered by now and needs to be proven by future studies.

  16. Esophageal mucosal integrity improves after laparoscopic antireflux surgery in children with gastroesophageal reflux disease

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mauritz, F.A.; Rinsma, N.F.; Heurn, E.L. van; Sloots, C.E.; Siersema, P.D.; Houwen, R.H.; Zee, D.C. van der; Masclee, A.A.M.; Conchillo, J.M.; Herwaarden-Lindeboom, M.Y. van

    2017-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Esophageal intraluminal baseline impedance reflects the conductivity of the esophageal mucosa and may be an instrument for in vivo evaluation of mucosal integrity in children with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Laparoscopic antireflux surgery (LARS) is a well-established

  17. Laparoscopic Surgery for Carcinoma of the Colorectum: A Safe and Effective Approach in Elderly Patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yong Cheng

    2013-12-01

    Conclusion: Laparoscopic surgery for carcinoma of the colorectum is a safe and effective approach in elderly patients, as its rate of postoperative complications appears to be comparable, irrespective of age.

  18. The meaning of tri-junction point in laparoscopic gastric cancer surgery

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    Objective:It is admitted that, within gastric cancer surgery, the right layers as well as appropriate spaces demobilized between the target carcinoma mass and peripheral parts are worthy properly researching. This article is trying to delineate the entrances to the right layers in alimentary tract cancer surgery, especially in laparoscopic gastric cancer, with a brand new conception called ‘Tri-junction Point’, abbreviated as TJ point.Methods: Based on experienced laparoscopic surgeons indications and microscopy histological slices observation on dissected peripheral adipose tissues in laparoscopic gastric cancer surgery.Results:The TJ points have been found located in different parts of abdominal mesenteries.Conclusion:The four TJ points in gastric peripheral adipose can be useful to guide a bloodless laparoscopic surgery with a promising start.

  19. An Audit of Laparoscopic Surgeries in Ile-Ife, Nigeria | Adisa | West ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    PROMOTING ACCESS TO AFRICAN RESEARCH ... An audit of the procedure in our setting is required. ... Methods: All patients with general surgical conditions who had laparoscopic surgery from January 2009 through May 2010 in our ...

  20. Systematic Video Documentation in Laparoscopic Colon Surgery Using a Checklist: A Feasibility and Compliance Pilot Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Mahoney, Paul R A; Trencheva, Koiana; Zhuo, Changhua; Shukla, Parul J; Lee, Sang W; Sonoda, Toyooki; Milsom, Jeffrey W

    2015-09-01

    High-quality images can be readily captured during laparoscopic colon surgery, but there are no guidelines for documentation of these video data or how to best measure surgical quality from an operative video. This study evaluates the feasibility and compliance in documenting key steps during laparoscopic right hemicolectomy and sigmoid colectomy. A retrospective review of previously recorded videos of patients undergoing laparoscopic right hemicolectomy or sigmoid colectomy from September to December 2011 in a single institution was performed. Patients' demographics, intraoperative features, postoperative complications, and variables for video recording and editing were collected. Compliance of key surgical steps was assessed using a checklist by two independent surgeons. Sixteen laparoscopic operations (seven right hemicolectomies and nine sigmoid colectomies) were recorded. Twelve (75%) were laparoscopic-assisted, and four (25%) were hand-assisted laparoscopic operations. Compliance with key surgical steps in laparoscopic right hemicolectomy and sigmoid colectomy was demonstrated in the majority of patients, with steps ranging in compliance from 42.9% to 100% and from 77.8% to 100%, respectively. The edited video had a median duration of 3 minutes 47 seconds (range, 1 minute 44 seconds-5 minutes 38 seconds) with a production time of nearly 1 hour and a resolution of 1440 × 1080 pixels. Key surgical steps during laparoscopic right hemicolectomy and sigmoid colectomy can be documented and edited into a short representative video. Standardization of this process should allow video documentation to improve quality in laparoscopic colon surgery.

  1. Potential Usefulness of 99mTc-DMSA for Radio-Guided Surgery in Pediatric Renal Dysplasia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Familiari, Demetrio; Di Franco, Davide; Cacciaguerra, Sebastiano; Ruggeri, Antonella; Russo, Simona; Fornito, Maria Concetta

    2016-02-01

    We report a case of an ectopic/hypoplastic kidney removed by radio-guided surgery. A 7-year-old girl, with a history of vaginal drainage of urine, underwent renal scintigraphy with Tc-DMSA. SPECT/CT revealed a focal uptake in the pelvis, corresponding to hypoplastic kidney as confirmed by MRI. Based on SPECT/CT findings, the patient underwent laparoscopic surgery, using Tc-DMSA scan to help the surgeon to detect the small ectopic kidney. Intraoperatory histological report confirmed the renal origin of the specimen.

  2. The beneficial effect of transversus abdominis plane block after laparoscopic cholecystectomy in day-case surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Pernille Lykke; Stjernholm, Pia; Kristiansen, Viggo B;

    2012-01-01

    Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is associated with postoperative pain of moderate intensity in the early postoperative period. Recent randomized trials have demonstrated the efficacy of transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block in providing postoperative analgesia after abdominal surgery. We hypothesi...... hypothesized that a TAP block may reduce pain while coughing and at rest for the first 24 postoperative hours, opioid consumption, and opioid side effects in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy in day-case surgery....

  3. First steps of laparoscopic surgery in Lubumbashi: problems encountered and preliminary results.

    OpenAIRE

    Arung, Willy; Dinganga, Nathalie; Ngoie, Emmanuel; Odimba, Etienne; Detry, Olivier

    2015-01-01

    For many reasons, laparoscopic surgery has been performed worldwide. Due to logistical constraints its first steps occurred in Lubumbashi only in 2008. The aim of this presentation was to report authors' ten-month experience of laparoscopic surgery at Lubumbashi Don Bosco Missionary Hospital (LDBMH): problems encountered and preliminary results. The study was a transsectional descriptive work with a convenient sampling. It only took in account patients with abdominal surgical condition who co...

  4. First steps of laparoscopic surgery in Lubumbashi: problems encountered and preliminary results

    OpenAIRE

    Arung, Willy; Dinganga, Nathalie; Ngoie, Emmanuel; Odimba, Etienne; Detry, Olivier

    2015-01-01

    For many reasons, laparoscopic surgery has been performed worldwide. Due to logistical constraints its first steps occurred in Lubumbashi only in 2008. The aim of this presentation was to report authors’ ten-month experience of laparoscopic surgery at Lubumbashi Don Bosco Missionary Hospital (LDBMH): problems encountered and preliminary results. The study was a transsectional descriptive work with a convenient sampling. It only took in account patients with abdominal surgical condition who co...

  5. Urogenital function in robotic vs laparoscopic rectal cancer surgery: a comparative study

    OpenAIRE

    Panteleimonitis, Sofoklis; Ahmed, Jamil; Ramachandra, Meghana; Farooq, Muhammad; Harper, Mick; Parvaiz, Amjad

    2016-01-01

    Purpose - Urological and sexual dysfunction are recognised risks of rectal cancer surgery; however, there is limited evidence regarding urogenital function comparing robotic to laparoscopic techniques. The aim of this study was to assess the urogenital functional outcomes of patients undergoing laparoscopic and robotic rectal cancer surgery. Methods - Urological and sexual functions were assessed using gender-specific validated standardised questionnaires. Questionnaires were sent a minimum o...

  6. Rapid sealing of porcine renal blood vessels, ex vivo, using a high power, 1470-nm laser, and laparoscopic prototype

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hardy, Luke A.; Hutchens, Thomas C.; Larson, Eric R.; Gonzalez, David A.; Chang, Chun-Hung; Nau, William H.; Fried, Nathaniel M.

    2017-05-01

    Energy-based, radiofrequency (RF) and ultrasonic (US) devices currently provide rapid sealing of blood vessels during laparoscopic procedures. We are exploring infrared lasers as an alternate energy modality for vessel sealing, capable of generating less collateral thermal damage. Previous studies demonstrated feasibility of sealing vessels in an in vivo porcine model using a 1470-nm laser. However, the initial prototype was designed for testing in open surgery and featured tissue clasping and light delivery mechanisms incompatible with laparoscopic surgery. In this study, a laparoscopic prototype similar to devices currently in surgical use was developed, and performance tests were conducted on porcine renal blood vessels, ex vivo. The 5-mm outer-diameter laparoscopic prototype featured a traditional Maryland jaw configuration that enables tissue manipulation and blunt dissection. Laser energy was delivered through a 550-μm-core-diameter optical fiber with side-delivery from the lower jaw and beam dimensions of 18-mm length×1.2-mm width. The 1470-nm diode laser delivered 68 W with 3-s activation time, consistent with vessel seal times associated with RF and US-based devices. A total of 69 fresh porcine renal vessels with mean diameter of 3.3±1.7 mm were tested, ex vivo. Vessels smaller than 5-mm diameter were consistently sealed (48/51) with burst pressures greater than malignant hypertension blood pressure (180 mmHg), averaging 1038±474 mmHg. Vessels larger than 5 mm were not consistently sealed (6/18), yielding burst pressures of only 174±221 mmHg. Seal width, thermal damage zone, and thermal spread averaged 1.7±0.8, 3.4±0.7, and 1.0±0.4 mm, respectively. Results demonstrated that the 5-mm optical laparoscopic prototype consistently sealed vessels less than 5-mm diameter with low thermal spread. Further in vivo studies are planned to test the performance across a variety of vessels and tissues.

  7. 3D tracking of surgical instruments using a single camera for laparoscopic surgery simulation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shin, Sangkyun; Kim, Youngjun; Kwak, Hyunsoo; Lee, Deukhee; Park, Sehyung

    2011-01-01

    Most laparoscopic surgery simulation systems are expensive and complex. To overcome these problems, this study presents a novel three-dimensional tracking method for laparoscopic surgical instruments that uses only a single camera and fiducial markers. The proposed method does not require any mechanical parts to measure the three-dimensional positions/orientations of surgical instruments and the opening angle of graspers. We implemented simple and cost-effective hardware using the proposed method and successfully combined it with virtual simulation software for laparoscopic surgery.

  8. Single-incision laparoscopic surgery for colorectal cancer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2016-01-01

    AIM To determine the effect of single-incisionlaparoscopic colectomy (SILC) for colorectal canceron short-term clinical and oncological outcomes bycomparison with multiport conventional laparoscopiccolectomy (CLC).METHODS: A systematic review was performed usingMEDLINE for the time period of 2008 to December 2014to retrieve all relevant literature. The search terms were"laparoscopy", "single incision", "single port", "singlesite", "SILS", "LESS" and "colorectal cancer". Publicationswere included if they were randomized controlledtrials, case-matched controlled studies, or comparativestudies, in which patients underwent single-incision(SILS or LESS) laparoscopic colorectal surgery. Studieswere excluded if they were non-comparative, or notincluding surgery involving the colon or rectum. A totalof 15 studies with 589 patients who underwent SILC forcolorectal cancer were selected.RESULTS: No significant differences between thegroups were noted in terms of mortality or morbidity.The benefit of the SILC approach included reductionin conversion rate to laparotomy, but there wereno significant differences in other short-term clinicaloutcomes between the groups. Satisfactory oncologicalsurgical quality was also demonstrated for SILC for thetreatment of colorectal cancer with a similar averagelymph node harvest and proximal and distal resectionmargin length as multiport CLC.CONCLUSION: SILC can be performed safely withsimilar short-te

  9. General anesthesia type does not influence serum levels of neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin during the perioperative period in video laparoscopic bariatric surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernandes, Adriano; Ettinger, João; Amaral, Fabiano; Ramalho, Maria José; Alves, Rodrigo; Módolo, Norma Sueli Pinheiro

    2014-12-01

    Video laparoscopic bariatric surgery is the preferred surgical technique for treating morbid obesity. However, pneumoperitoneum can pose risks to the kidneys by causing a decrease in renal blood flow. Furthermore, as in other surgical procedures, laparoscopic bariatric surgery triggers an acute inflammatory response. Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin is an early and accurate biomarker of renal injury, as well as of the inflammatory response. Anesthetic drugs could offer some protection for the kidneys and could attenuate the acute inflammatory response from surgical trauma. The objective of this study was to compare the effects of two types of anesthetics, propofol and sevoflurane, on the serum levels of neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin during the perioperative period in laparoscopic bariatric surgery. Sixty-four patients scheduled for laparoscopic bariatric surgery were randomized into two anesthesia groups and were administered either total intravenous anesthesia (propofol) or inhalation anesthesia (sevoflurane). In the perioperative period, blood samples were collected at three time points (before anesthesia, 6 hours after pneumoperitoneum and 24 hours after pneumoperitoneum) and urine output was measured for 24 hours. Acute kidney injuries were evaluated by examining both the clinical and laboratory parameters during the postoperative period. The differences between the groups were compared using non-parametric tests. ReBEC (http://www.ensaiosclinicos.gov.br/rg/recruiting/): RBR-8wt2fy None of the patients developed an acute kidney injury during the study and no significant differences were found between the serum neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin levels of the groups during the perioperative period. The choice of anesthetic drug, either propofol or sevoflurane, did not affect the serum levels of neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin during the perioperative period in laparoscopic bariatric surgery.

  10. Left hepatic vein injury during laparoscopic antireflux surgery for large para-oesophageal hiatus hernia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nagpal Anish

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Although the advent of laparoscopic fundoplication has increased both patient and physician acceptance of antireflux surgery, it has become apparent that the laparoscopic approach is associated with an increased risk of some complications and as well as the occurrence of new complications specific to this approach. One such complication occurred in our patient who had intra-operative left hepatic vein injury during laparoscopic floppy Nissen fundoplication for large para-oesophageal rolling hernia. With timely conversion to open procedure, the bleeding was controlled and the antireflux and the procedure were completed uneventfully. However, this suggests that even with an experience in advanced laparoscopy surgery, complications can occur. Clear understanding of the normal and pathologic anatomy and its variations facilitates laparoscopic surgery and should help the surgeon avoid complications. The incidence of some of these complications decreases as surgeons gain experience; however, new complications can arise due to the increase in such procedures.

  11. Obese patients have similar short-term outcomes to nonobese in laparoscopic colorectal surgery

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Manish; Chand; Henry; D; De’Ath; Muhammed; Siddiqui; Chetanya; Mehta; Shahnawaz; Rasheed; James; Bromilow; Tahseen; Qureshi

    2015-01-01

    AIM: To determine whether obese patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery within an enhanced recovery program had worse short-term outcomes.METHODS: A prospective study of consecutive patients undergoing laparoscopic colorectal resection was carried out between 2008 and 2011 in a single institution. Patients were divided in groups based on body mass index(BMI). Short-term outcomes including operative data, length of stay, complications and readmission rates were recorded and compared between the groups. Continuous data were analysed using t-test or oneway Analysis of Variance. χ2 test was used to compare categorical data.RESULTS: Two hundred and fifty four patients were included over the study period. The majority of individuals(41.7%) recruited were of a healthy weight(BMI 25) does not lead to worse short-term outcomes in laparoscopic colorectal surgery and therefore such patients should not be precluded from laparoscopic surgery.

  12. Cost-utility analysis comparing laparoscopic vs open aortobifemoral bypass surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krog AH

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Anne Helene Krog,1,2 Mehdi Sahba,3 Erik M Pettersen,4 Torbjørn Wisløff,5,6 Jon O Sundhagen,2 Syed SH Kazmi2 1Institute of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, 2Department of Vascular Surgery, Division of Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Diseases, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, 3Department of Vascular Surgery, Østfold Central Hospital, Kalnes, 4Department of Vascular Surgery, Sørlandet Hospital HF, Kristiansand, 5Department of Health Management and Health Economics, University of Oslo, 6Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway Objectives: Laparoscopic aortobifemoral bypass has become an established treatment option for symptomatic aortoiliac obstructive disease at dedicated centers. Minimally invasive surgical techniques like laparoscopic surgery have often been shown to reduce expenses and increase patients’ health-related quality of life. The main objective of our study was to measure quality-adjusted life years (QALYs and costs after totally laparoscopic and open aortobifemoral bypass. Patients and methods: This was a within trial analysis in a larger ongoing randomized controlled prospective multicenter trial, Norwegian Laparoscopic Aortic Surgery Trial. Fifty consecutive patients suffering from symptomatic aortoiliac occlusive disease suitable for aortobifemoral bypass surgery were randomized to either totally laparoscopic (n=25 or open surgical procedure (n=25. One patient dropped out of the study before surgery. We measured health-related quality of life using the EuroQol (EQ-5D-5L questionnaire at 4 different time points, before surgery and for 6 months during follow-up. We calculated the QALYs gained by using the area under the curve for both groups. Costs were calculated based on prices for surgical equipment, vascular prosthesis and hospital stay. Results: We found a significantly higher increase in QALYs after laparoscopic vs open aortobifemoral bypass surgery, with a difference of 0.07 QALYs, (p=0

  13. Laparoscopic surgery in the treatment of incarcerated indirect inguinal hernia in children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yin, Yiyu; Zhang, Hongwei; Zhang, Xiang; Sun, Fang; Zou, Huaxin; Cao, Hui; Wen, Cheng

    2016-01-01

    We aimed to explore the feasibility and the safety of the laparoscopic surgery for incarcerated indirect inguinal hernia (IIH) in children. From January 2012 to December 2014, 64 children were enrolled into this study. All 64 patients received laparoscopic surgery and we reviewed their perioperative and postoperative follow-up studies. In addition, we enrolled 60 cases of children who received traditional surgery of IIH administered through minimally invasive surgery as the control group. Results from the present study showed that the mean operation time for the laparoscopic group was 41.5 min (range, 15–80 min) which was significantly shorter than the control group. Nine cases developed incarcerated intestine necrosis, expanded umbilical incision and parallel resection anastomosis. They received laparoscopic hernia sac high ligation. Only 5 cases developed scrotum edema after the surgery. The postoperative length of the stay ranged from 2 to 7 days (average, 3.2). The postoperative follow-up was from 6 months to 1 year and no relapse or secondary testicular atrophy was observed in the laparoscopic group. The operation time, incidence of postoperative complications and length of stay in the laparoscopic group were decreased compared to the control group, and differences were statistically significant (Phernia is safe and feasible and produced better results compared with the alternative. PMID:28105089

  14. Laparoscopic skill laboratory in urological surgery: tools and methods for resident training

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabio C. M. Torricelli

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available PURPOSE: Laparoscopy has certainly brought considerable benefits to patients, but laparoscopic surgery requires a set of skills different from open surgery, and learning in the operating room may increase surgical time, and even may be harmful to patients. Several training programs have been developed to decrease these potential prejudices. PURPOSES: to describe the laparoscopic training program for urological residents of the "Hospital das Clinicas" of the Sao Paulo Medical School, to report urological procedures that are feasible in dry and wet labs, and to perform a critical analysis of the cost-benefit relation of advanced laparoscopic skills laboratory. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The laparoscopic skill lab has two virtual simulators, three manual simulators, and four laparoscopic sets for study with a porcine model. The urology residents during their first year attend classes in the virtual and manual simulator and helps the senior urological resident in activities carried out with the laparoscopic sets. During the second year, the urological resident has six periods per week, each period lasting four hours, to perform laparoscopic procedures with a porcine model. Results: In a training program of ten weeks, one urological resident performs an average of 120 urological procedures. The most common procedures are total nephrectomy (30%, bladder suture (30%, partial nephrectomy (10%, pyeloplasty (10%, ureteral replacement or transuretero anastomosis (10%, and others like adrenalectomy, prostatectomy, and retroperitoneoscopy. These procedures are much quicker and caused less morbidity. CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic skills laboratory is a good method for achieving technical ability.

  15. MR-compatible laparoscope with a distally mounted CCD for MR image-guided surgery

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yasunaga, Takefumi; Konishi, Kozo; Yamaguchi, Shohei; Okazaki, Ken; Hong, Jae-sung; Nakashima, Hideaki [Kyushu University, Department of Advanced Medical Initiatives, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Fukuoka (Japan); Ieiri, Satoshi; Tanoue, Kazuo [Kyushu University Hospital, Department of Advanced Medicine and Innovative Technology, Fukuoka (Japan); Fukuyo, Tsuneo [Shinko Optical Co. Ltd, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo (Japan); Hashizume, Makoto [Kyushu University, Department of Advanced Medical Initiatives, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Fukuoka (Japan); Kyushu University Hospital, Department of Advanced Medicine and Innovative Technology, Fukuoka (Japan)

    2007-06-15

    Objects We have developed a new MR-compatible laparoscope that incorporates a distally mounted charge-coupled device (CCD). The MR-compatibility and feasibility of laparoscopy using the new laparoscope were evaluated during MR image-guided laparoscopic radiofrequency ablation therapy (RFA). Materials and methods MR compatibility of the laparoscope was investigated in terms of MR image artifact caused by electromagnetic interference (EMI) and susceptibility. MR images were obtained using spin echo and gradient echo pulse sequences with a 0.3 T open MRI unit. We performed an in vivo experiment with MR image-guided laparoscopic RFA on three pigs; near real-time MR images and 3-D navigation were possible using intraoperative MR images. Agarose gel was injected into the pigs' livers as puncture targets; the diameter of each target was approximately 20 mm. Results Artifacts resulting from EMI were not found in phantom experiments. MR image-guided laparoscopic RFA was successfully performed in all procedures. Both the laparoscopic vision and near real-time MR images were clear. No artifact was detected on the MR images and the surgeon was able to confirm the true position of the probe and target during treatment using the near real-time MR images. Conclusion Laparoscopic surgery is feasible under intraoperative MR image-guidance using a newly developed MR-compatible laparoscope with a distally mounted CCD. (orig.)

  16. First 100 laparoscopic surgeries in a predominantly rural Nigerian population: a template for future growth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ekwunife, Christopher N; Nwobe, Ogechukwu

    2014-11-01

    Minimal access surgery has revolutionized surgery practice. Its proven advantages, such as reduced postoperative pain, early return to unrestricted activities, and better cosmesis, have become important drivers for its rapid development. In sub-Saharan Africa this development has been slow. The aim of the current study was to describe the challenges and outcomes of laparoscopic procedures in a public hospital that caters to a predominantly rural population. The first 100 patients who underwent laparoscopic procedure in the Department of Surgery at Federal Medical Centre, Owerri, Nigeria were retrospectively analyzed. Data were retrieved from the medical records department as well as the surgical theater procedure register. The focus of the study was on patient demographics, indication for surgery, procedure performed, length of hospital stay, and morbidity and mortality data. Staff training was done locally and abroad. Altogether, 100 patients had laparoscopic surgery in our general surgery unit from September 2007 through July 2013. The ages of the patients was 5-75 years (median 36.5 years). The three main procedures were cholecystectomy (36 %), diagnostic laparoscopy (29 %), and appendectomy (21 %). The other operations performed included liver abscess drainage (7 %), adhesiolysis (3 %), hernia repair (1 %), and Heller's myotomy (1 %). Four cases were converted to open surgery. There were no deaths. There were 14 grades I and II postoperative complications in nine patients. Our study suggests that basic laparoscopic procedures could be offered safely to our resource-poor rural population. It is a platform on which we can hopefully introduce advanced laparoscopic surgical operations.

  17. Virtual reality training for surgical trainees in laparoscopic surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nagendran, Myura; Gurusamy, Kurinchi Selvan; Aggarwal, Rajesh; Loizidou, Marilena; Davidson, Brian R

    2013-08-27

    Standard surgical training has traditionally been one of apprenticeship, where the surgical trainee learns to perform surgery under the supervision of a trained surgeon. This is time-consuming, costly, and of variable effectiveness. Training using a virtual reality simulator is an option to supplement standard training. Virtual reality training improves the technical skills of surgical trainees such as decreased time for suturing and improved accuracy. The clinical impact of virtual reality training is not known. To assess the benefits (increased surgical proficiency and improved patient outcomes) and harms (potentially worse patient outcomes) of supplementary virtual reality training of surgical trainees with limited laparoscopic experience. We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) in The Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, EMBASE and Science Citation Index Expanded until July 2012. We included all randomised clinical trials comparing virtual reality training versus other forms of training including box-trainer training, no training, or standard laparoscopic training in surgical trainees with little laparoscopic experience. We also planned to include trials comparing different methods of virtual reality training. We included only trials that assessed the outcomes in people undergoing laparoscopic surgery. Two authors independently identified trials and collected data. We analysed the data with both the fixed-effect and the random-effects models using Review Manager 5 analysis. For each outcome we calculated the mean difference (MD) or standardised mean difference (SMD) with 95% confidence intervals based on intention-to-treat analysis. We included eight trials covering 109 surgical trainees with limited laparoscopic experience. Of the eight trials, six compared virtual reality versus no supplementary training. One trial compared virtual reality training versus box-trainer training and versus no supplementary training, and one trial compared

  18. Management of hemorrhage after percutaneous renal surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gallucci, M; Fortunato, P; Schettini, M; Vincenzoni, A

    1998-12-01

    Percutaneous renal surgery is routine therapy for a number of renal pathologies. It is a technique not without complications, often serious ones, of which the worst is bleeding. We reviewed our experience of the incidence, etiology, and management of this serious complication to determine a protocol of treatment that will minimize the consequences. Between 1984 and 1996, we carried out 976 percutaneous operations for reno-calix stones, pyeloureteral junction stenosis, neoplasia of the renal pelvis, diagnosis, and ureteral prostheses. In all cases, the percutaneous access was achieved through a lower calix in the posterior axillary line with the patient in a prone position. The lithotripsy was performed with ultrasound and balistic energy lithotripters. Antegrade endopyelotomy was performed according to our technique. At the end of the procedure, a nephrostomy tube was positioned, 24F for lithotripsy and 16F for endopyelotomy. The nephrostomy tube was removed after 24 to 48 hours. In this series, 146 patients (15%) presented significant perioperative bleeding. In 97 cases (10%), this complication was resolved with the repositioning of the nephrostomy tube, bedrest in a supine position, and observation, whereas in 49 cases (5%), clamping of the nephrostomy tube for 24 hours was necessary. In 56 patients (5.7%), two blood transfusions were necessary, and three patients (0.3%) had bleeding 10, 12, and 20 days after the operation, which was resolved by embolization of the lacerated vessel.

  19. Robotic versus conventional laparoscopic rectal cancer surgery in obese patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gorgun, E; Ozben, V; Costedio, M; Stocchi, L; Kalady, M; Remzi, F

    2016-11-01

    Obesity adds to the technical difficulty of laparoscopic colorectal surgery. The robotic approach has the potential to overcome this limitation because of its proposed technical advantages over laparoscopy. The aim of this retrospective study was to compare the short-term outcomes of robotic surgery (RS) vs conventional laparoscopy surgery (LS) in this patient population. Patients with a body mass index ≥ 30 kg/m(2) undergoing RS or LS for rectal cancer between January 2011 and June 2014 were identified from an institutional database. Perioperative parameters, oncological findings and postoperative 30-day short-term outcomes were compared between the RS and LS groups. The RS and LS groups included 29 and 27 patients, respectively. Groups were comparable in terms of patient demographics, body mass index (34.9 ± 7.2 vs 35.2 ± 5.0 kg/m(2) , P = 0.71), comorbidities, surgical and tumour characteristics. Comparison of the intra-operative findings revealed no significant differences between the groups including operative time (329.0 ± 102.2 vs 294.6 ± 81.1 min, P = 0.13), blood loss (434.0 ± 612.4 vs 339.4 ± 271.9 ml, P = 0.68), resection margin involvement (6.9% vs 7.4%, P = 0.99), conversions (3.4% vs 18.5%, P = 0.09) and complications (6.9% vs 0%, P = 0.49). Regarding postoperative outcomes, there were no significant differences in morbidity except that robotic surgery was associated with a quicker return of bowel function (median 3 vs 4 days, P = 0.01) and shorter hospital stay (median 6 vs 7 days, P = 0.02). Robotic surgery for rectal cancer in obese patients has short-term outcomes similar to laparoscopy, but accelerated postoperative recovery. Colorectal Disease © 2016 The Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland.

  20. A comparison of surgeon's postural muscle activity during robotic-assisted and laparoscopic rectal surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szeto, Grace P Y; Poon, Jensen T C; Law, Wai-Lun

    2013-09-01

    This study compared the muscular activity in the surgeon's neck and upper limbs during robotic-assisted laparoscopic (R-Lap) surgery and conventional laparoscopic (C-Lap) surgery. Two surgeons performed the same procedure of R-Lap and C-Lap low anterior resection, and real-time surface electromyography was recorded in bilateral cervical erector spinae, upper trapezius (UT) and anterior deltoid muscles for over 60 min in each procedure. In one surgeon, forearm muscle activities were also recorded during robotic surgery. Similar levels of cervical muscle activity were demonstrated in both types of surgery. One surgeon showed much higher activity in the left UT muscle during robotic surgery. In the second surgeon, C-Lap was associated with much higher levels of muscle activity in both UT muscles. This may be related to the bilateral abducted arm posture required in maneuvering the laparoscopic instruments. In the forearm region, the "ulnaris" muscles for wrist flexion and extension bilaterally showed high amplitudes during robotic-assisted surgery. Robotic-assisted surgery seemed to demand a higher level of muscle work in the forearm region while greater efforts of shoulder muscles were involved during laparoscopic surgery. There are also individual variations in postural habits and motor control that can affect the muscle activation patterns. This study demonstrated a method of objectively examining the surgeon's physical workload during real-time surgery in the operating theatre, and further research should explore the surgeon's workload in a larger group of surgeons performing different surgical procedures.

  1. Pheochromocytoma treated by laparoscopic surgery Feocromocitoma tratado por cirurgia laparoscópica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lísias Nogueira Castilho

    2000-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the results of the laparoscopic technique in the treatment of adrenal pheochromocytoma. METHOD: Ten patients, 7 men and 3 women, between 10 and 67 years of age (mean 48 with pheochromocytoma underwent transperitoneal laparoscopic adrenalectomy and were evaluated retrospectively, based on clinical, laboratory, and pathological diagnosis. In all cases there was a solid unilateral adrenal tumor, 5 on the left side and 5 on the right side, whose greater diameter varied from 7 to 80 mm (mean 32. Nine of the 10 patients were chronically hypertensive or had already had hypertensive crises. One patient was normotensive, but presented metabolic alterations suggestive of adrenergic hyperfunction. RESULTS: No deaths occurred in this series. There were two (20% conversions to open surgery, one due to venous bleeding and one due to the difficulty of dissection behind the vena cava in a patient presenting a partially retro-caval tumor. Surgical time in the 8 non-converted cases ranged from 70 to 215 minutes (mean 136. One patient (10% received blood transfusion, and another (10% presented two complications - acute renal failure and a subcutaneous infection. Both had been converted to open surgery. None of the non-converted cases was transfused or presented complications. Hospital discharge occurred between the 2nd and 11th post-operative day (mean 3. The pathological exam of the surgical specimens confirmed the diagnoses of pheochromocytoma in all 10 cases, one of them associated with an aldosterone-producing cortical tumor. CONCLUSIONS: Laparoscopic adrenalectomy for selected patients presenting pheochromocytoma is feasible and provides good results.OBJETIVO: Avaliar os resultados da utilização da técnica laparoscópica no tratamento do feocromocitoma de supra-renal. MÉTODO: Dez pacientes, sete homens e três mulheres, entre 10 e 67 anos de idade (média 48, com feocromocitoma, foram operados por via laparoscópica transperitoneal

  2. Laparoscopic major gynecologic surgery in patients with prior laparotomy bowel resection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fanning, James; Hojat, Rod; Deimling, Timothy

    2011-01-01

    To review the success and morbidity of laparoscopic major gynecologic surgery in patients with prior laparotomy bowel resection. Review of a prospective surgical database of all cases of laparoscopic major gynecologic surgery in patients with prior laparotomy bowel resection. No cases were excluded. Bowel diagnoses and procedures were total colectomy for inflammatory bowel disease (4), partial colectomy for colon cancer (6), partial small bowel resection for obstruction (1), and Whipple for pancreatic cancer (2). Two patients had 3 prior laparotomies, 8 patients had 2 prior laparotomies, and 3 patients had 1 prior laparotomy. All prior abdominal incisions were midline. Gynecologic diagnoses and procedures were laparoscopic cytoreduction for ovarian cancer (1), lsh/bso/staging for ovarian cancer (1), lavh/bso/lymphadenectomy for endometrial cancer (4), and lavh/bso, lsh/bso, or bso for large ovarian mass (7). Median patient age was 57 years, median BMI was 31kg/m(2), and all patients had medical comorbidities. All 13 laparoscopic gynecologic surgeries were successful without trocar insertion injury, conversion to laparotomy, and without enterotomy. Abdominal adhesions were present in all cases. Median operative time was 2 hours, median blood loss was 100cc, and median hospital stay was 1 day. There were no postoperative complications. Laparoscopic major gynecologic surgery in patients with prior laparotomy bowel resection is feasible for experienced laparoscopic surgeons.

  3. Laparoscopic and Endoscopic Cooperative Surgery for Plexiform Angiomyxoid Myofibroblastic Tumor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yoshio Nagahisa

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Plexiform angiomyxoid myofibroblastic tumor (PAMT is a recently described distinctive gastric mesenchymal entity with a peculiar plexiform pattern, bland spindle cells and a myxoid stroma rich in arborizing blood vessels. In this study, we report a new case of this rare gastric tumor resected by laparoscopic and endoscopic cooperative surgery (LECS. A 39-year-old Japanese man was admitted with a gastric mass. Gastroscopy showed an elevated mass in the anterior wall of the gastric antrum. Endoscopic ultrasound examination revealed a focal hypoechoic lesion protruding into the lumen. A partial gastrectomy by LECS was performed, and the patient made an uneventful recovery and remains well 9 months later. The tumor in this case depicted all the typical histopathologic and immunochemical features of gastric PAMT (c-kit negative and smooth muscle actin-positive. Especially, it was characterized by multiple nodules protruding outward within the serosa. Therefore, it is important that the resection line is determined on the serosa to ensure the complete resection of these nodules together.

  4. Unusual complication after laparoscopic left nephrectomy for renal tumour: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arantxa Arruabarrena

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available In splenic rupture after blunt trauma, iatrogenic spleen injury or non-traumatic cases it is essential that the surgeonmakes correct decisions. Conservative treatment must include continual monitoring and repeated, stringent evaluationof the splenic injury (the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma – AAST in order to avoid any delay indiagnosis of delayed spleen rupture and the high mortality it causes. We present the case of an unexpected complicationafter radical nephrectomy performed for renal cell carcinoma. A 61-year old man sought medical help for acuteabdominal pain. He presented with some cardiovascular risk factors (diabetes mellitus, smoker of 30 cigarettes perday and moderate alcohol use. In the Emergency Unit, computed tomography scan revealed an incidental tumour ofthe left kidney. Nephrectomy via the laparoscopic approach was done without any iatrogenic complications, with lessthan 500 cc of blood loss. Firm adhesions between the spleen and abdominal wall, which caused some minor tractionthat resulted in a small subcapsular haematoma, were the only surprising intraoperative finding. Within the first 6 h,the patient presented with haemodynamic instability, while the drain evacuated less than 50 cc of discharge.However, CT scan showed that subcapsular haematoma had increased to the size of 10 × 10 cm without freeperitoneal fluid present. Unfortunately, 6 h later emergency surgery had to be performed due to rupture of thesubcapsular splenic haematoma. Massive haemoperitoneum was evacuated and the splenic capsule was the onlyremnant of the spleen that could be found on re-intervention. So far, it is the first case describing an increasing subcapsularhaematoma of the spleen, most likely caused by the traction of firm adhesions to the organ. We discussmeans to avoid such a complication: with liberation of the adhesions, placement of a perisplenic mesh, embolizationof the splenic artery or subcapsular nephrectomy. An acute

  5. Simultaneous laparoscopic management of ureteropelvic junction obstruction and renal lithiasis: the combined experience of two academic centers and review of the literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stravodimos KG

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Konstantinos G Stravodimos,1 Stilianos Giannakopoulos,2 Stavros I Tyritzis,1 Aristeides Alevizopoulos,1 Stefanos Papadoukakis,1 Stavros Touloupidis,2 Constantinos A Constantinides11Department of Urology, Athens University Medical School, Laiko Hospital, Athens, 2Department of Urology, Democritus University of Thrace, Alexandroupolis, GreeceIntroduction: Approximately one out of five patients with ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO present lithiasis in the same setting. We present our outcomes of simultaneous laparoscopic management of UPJO and pelvic or calyceal lithiasis and review the current literature.Methods: Thirteen patients, with a mean age of 42.8±13.3 years were diagnosed with UPJO and pelvic or calyceal lithiasis. All patients were subjected to laparoscopic dismembered Hynes–Anderson pyeloplasty along with removal of single or multiple stones, using a combination of laparoscopic graspers, irrigation, and flexible nephroscopy with nitinol baskets.Results: The mean operative time was 218.8±66 minutes. In two cases, transposition of the ureter due to crossing vessels was performed. The mean diameter of the largest stone was 0.87±0.25 cm and the mean number of stones retrieved was 8.2 (1–32. Eleven out of 13 patients (84.6% were rendered stone-free. Complications included prolonged urine output from the drain in one case (Clavien grade I and urinoma formation requiring drainage in another case (Clavien grade IIIa. The mean postoperative follow-up was 30.2 (7–51 months. No patient has experienced stone or UPJO recurrence.Conclusion: Laparoscopy for the management of UPJO along with renal stone removal seems a very appealing treatment, with all the advantages of minimally invasive surgery. Concomitant renal stones do not affect the outcome of laparoscopic pyeloplasty, at least in the midterm. According to our results and the latest literature data, we advocate laparoscopic management as the treatment of choice for these cases

  6. Impact of laparoscopic surgery on stress responses, immunofunction, and risk of infectious complications

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kehlet, H; Nielsen, Hans Jørgen

    1998-01-01

    Open laparotomy is followed by profound changes in endocrine metabolic function and various host defense mechanisms, impaired pulmonary function, and hypoxemia, all of which may be important for the development of postoperative infectious complications. Laparoscopic surgery, however, leads...... implications of laparoscopic surgery on postoperative infectious complications have not been assessed in large-scale prospective, randomized studies, except in appendectomy, in which a reduced incidence of wound infection has been demonstrated. Data from cholecystectomy and colorectal surgery suggest...... a reduction in wound complications, whereas the sparse data on intraperitoneal infections and sepsis are not conclusive. Thus, laparoscopic surgery modifies the injury response and reduces the risk of infectious complications. If integrated into an accelerated rehabilitation program, further improvement may...

  7. Vascular map combined with CT colonography for evaluating candidates for laparoscopic colorectal surgery

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Flor, Nicola; Ceretti, Andrea Pisani; Maroni, Nirvana; Opocher, Enrico; Cornalba, Gianpaolo [Azienda Ospedaliera San Paolo, Milan (Italy); Campari, Alessandro; Ravelli, Anna; Lombardi, Maria Antonietta [University degli Studi di Milano, Milan (Italy)

    2015-08-15

    Contrast-enhanced computed tomography colonography (CE-CTC) is a useful guide for the laparoscopic surgeon to avoid incorrectly removing the colonic segment and the failure to diagnose of synchronous colonic and extra-colonic lesions. Lymph node dissection and vessel ligation under a laparoscopic approach can be time-consuming and can damage vessels and organs. Moreover, mesenteric vessels have extreme variations in terms of their courses and numbers. We describe the benefit of using an abdominal vascular map created by CE-CTC in laparoscopic colorectal surgery candidates. We describe patients with different diseases (colorectal cancer, diverticular disease, and inflammatory bowel disease) who underwent CE-CTC just prior to laparoscopic surgery.

  8. Anesthesia management in laparoscopic bariatric surgery: Perioperative complications and outcomes in the third year of practice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serkan Karaman

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective: In this study, we aimed to assess the perioperative and postoperative results of the patients who underwent bariatric surgery. Methods: After obtaining approval, a retrospectively designed observational study was conducted. All adult patients who underwent laparoscopic gastric plication, sleeve gastrectomy, or roux-en-Y anastomosis between January 2011 and May 2013 were included. Results: A total of 104 patients were included in the study period: 49 (47.1% underwent laparoscopic roux-en-Y anastomosis, 44 (42.3% underwent laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy, and 11 (10.6% underwent laparoscopic gastric plication. The present study showed a mortality rate of 1.9% (n = 2, one after Roux-en-Y anastomosis operation, and the other one after gastric plication. Conclusion: The anesthesia methods and approaches have no association with morbidity and mortality in such procedures of bariatric surgery indicated in the present study. J Clin Exp Invest 2014; 5 (2: 200-205

  9. Umbilical incision laparoscopic surgery with one assist port for an elderly patient with recurrent sigmoid volvulus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matsuoka, Tasuku; Osawa, Naoshi; Yoh, Taiho; Hirakawa, Kosei

    2012-12-12

    Single-port access laparoscopic surgery has recently emerged as a method to improve morbidity and cosmetic benefit of conventional laparoscopic surgery. Herein, we report the experience of transumbilical incision laparoscopic sigmoidectomy with one assist port in a 71-year-old man who had developed recurrent sigmoid volvulus in these several years since his first visit to the hospital. The patient presented abdominal distension and severe constipation. A plain x-ray film and CT of the abdomen showed grossly distended sigmoid colon loops and stenosis of recto-sigmoid colon. Sigmoid volvulus associated with megacolon was diagnosed and emergence endoscopic decompression was performed. After his condition improved, transumbilical incision laparoscopic sigmoidectomy was carried out as the minimally invasive approach, due to the several risk of patient such as aging and pulmonary disorder. Postoperative course was uneventful and on postoperative visit to the hospital he reported resolution of abdominal distension.

  10. Vascular Map Combined with CT Colonography for Evaluating Candidates for Laparoscopic Colorectal Surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campari, Alessandro; Ravelli, Anna; Lombardi, Maria Antonietta; Pisani Ceretti, Andrea; Maroni, Nirvana; Opocher, Enrico; Cornalba, Gianpaolo

    2015-01-01

    Contrast-enhanced computed tomography colonography (CE-CTC) is a useful guide for the laparoscopic surgeon to avoid incorrectly removing the colonic segment and the failure to diagnose of synchronous colonic and extra-colonic lesions. Lymph node dissection and vessel ligation under a laparoscopic approach can be time-consuming and can damage vessels and organs. Moreover, mesenteric vessels have extreme variations in terms of their courses and numbers. We describe the benefit of using an abdominal vascular map created by CE-CTC in laparoscopic colorectal surgery candidates. We describe patients with different diseases (colorectal cancer, diverticular disease, and inflammatory bowel disease) who underwent CE-CTC just prior to laparoscopic surgery. PMID:26175581

  11. EFFECTS OF METOPROLOL ON HAEMODYNAMIC RESPONSE TO CARBON DIOXIDE PNEUMOPERITONEUM FOR LAPAROSCOPIC SURGERY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dhurjoti Prosad

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Carbon dioxide pneumoperitoneum for laparoscopic surgery increases arterial pressures, heart rate and systemic vascular resist a nce. In this randomized double - blind placebo - controlled clinical study, we investigated the efficacy of metoprolol to provide perioperative haemodynamic stability in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. METHODS: Fifty patients, of either sex (20 - 40 yrs of age undergoing elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy were randomly allocated in two groups containing 25 patients each. Group M received bolus dose of 10 mg intravenous metoprolol before pneumoperitoneum. Group S received 0.9% saline of same volume. RESULTS: Mean arterial pressure and heart rate in Group M were significantly less throughout the period of pn eumoperitonium. Intravenous labetalol was required in 52% (13 out of 25 patients in group S to control intraoperative hypertension and it was clinically significant in comparison to group M. CONCLUSION: Metoprolol attenuates the adverse haemodynamic respo nse to pneumoperitoneum and provide haemodynamic stability during laparoscopic surgery.

  12. Ten-year outcomes of a randomised trial of laparoscopic versus open surgery for colon cancer

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Deijen, C.L. (Charlotte L.); Vasmel, J.E. (Jeanine E.); E.S.M. De Lange-De Klerk (E. S M); M.A. Cuesta (Miguel); P-P. Coene (Peter Paul); J.F. Lange (Johan); W.J.H.J. Meijerink (Jeroen); J.J. Jakimowicz; J. Jeekel (Hans); Kazemier, G. (Geert); Janssen, I.M.C. (Ignace M. C.); L. Påhlman (Lars); E. Haglind (Eva); H.J. Bonjer (H. Jaap); Hellberg, R.; Haglind, E.; Kurlberg, G.; P.G. Lindgren (P.); B. Lindholm (Bengt); L. Påhlman (Lars); C. Dahlberg (Caroline); M.S. Raab; B. Anderberg (Bo); Ewerth, S.; M. Janson (Martin); J.E. Åkerlund (J.); K. Smedh (K.); A. Montgomery; S. Skullman (Stefan); P.O. Nyström; A. Kald (A.); A. Wänström (A.); J. Dalén (Johan); I. Svedberg (I.); G. Edlund (G.); U. Kressner (U.); K. Öberg (Kjell); O. Lundberg (O.); G.E. Lindmark (G.); T. Heikkinen (T.); M. Morino (Mario); G. Giraudo (G.); Lacy, A.M.; S. Delgado (Salvadora); Macarulla Sanz, E.; Díez, J.M. (J. Medina); O. Schwandner (O.); T.H. Schiedeck (T.); Shekarriz, H.; Bloechle, C.; I. Baca (I.); Weiss, O.; S. Msika (Simon); G. Desvignes (G.); K.L. Campbell (K.); A. Cuschieri (A.); H.J. Bonjer (Jaap); W.R. Schouten (Ruud); G. Kazemier (Geert); J.F. Lange (Johan); E. van der Harst (Erwin); Coene, P.P.L.O.; P.W. Plaisier; M.J.O.E. Bertleff (Marietta); Cuesta, M.A.; W. van der Broek (W.); Meijerink, W.J.H.J.; J.J. Jakimowicz; G.A.P. Nieuwenhuijzen (Gerard); J.K. Maring (John); Kivit, J.; I.M.C. Janssen (Ignace); E.J. Spillenaar Bilgen (Ernst Jan); F.J. Berends (Frits)

    2016-01-01

    textabstractBackground: Laparoscopic surgery for colon cancer is associated with improved recovery and similar cancer outcomes at 3 and 5 years in comparison with open surgery. However, long-term survival rates have rarely been reported. Here, we present survival and recurrence rates of the Dutch pa

  13. ONE WEEK VERSUS FOUR WEEK HEPARIN PROPHYLAXIS AFTER LAPAROSCOPIC SURGERY FOR COLORECTAL CANCER.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-28

    The Primary Study Objective is to Assess the Efficacy and; Safety of Extended 4-week Heparin Prophylaxis Compared to; Prophylaxis Given for 8±2 Days After Planned Laparoscopic; Surgery for Colorectal Cancer.; The Clinical Benefit Will be Evaluated as the Difference in; the Incidence of VTE or VTE-related Death Occurring Within 30 Days; From Surgery in the Two Study Groups.

  14. [Comparison of open versus laparoscopic surgeries for adrenal tumor: a meta-analysis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Mao-Hu; Zhu, Xiao-Ying; Miao, Rui; He, Lei; Jia, Ning

    2016-11-20

    To systematically review the effectiveness and safety of open and laparoscopic surgeries for treatment of adrenal tumors. The online databases including CNKI, PUBMED, SinoMed, EBSCO, Springerlink, WanFang Data, and VIP were searched for clinical trials published from 1999 to 2016. A meta-analysis was performed using RevMan 5.2 software. A total of 2340 patients in 25 trials were included. The results of meta-analysis showed that laparoscopic surgery was better than open surgery in terms of intestinal function recovery time (OR=-0.96, 95%CI [-1.22, -0.70] P<0.000 01), hospitalization time (OR=-3.48, 95%CI [-4.13, -2.78], P<0.000 01), complications (OR=0.22, 95%CI [0.14, 0.35], P<0.0001), and volume of blood loss (OR=-104.77, 95%CI [-138.95, -70.60], P<0.000 01). There was no significant difference in the surgery cost between open and laparoscopic surgeries. Laparoscopic surgery is superior to open surgery for treatment of adrenal tumors for shorter intestinal function recovery time, surgery duration, and hospitalization time and less complications and blood loss.

  15. Ten-year outcomes of a randomised trial of laparoscopic versus open surgery for colon cancer

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Deijen, C.L. (Charlotte L.); Vasmel, J.E. (Jeanine E.); E.S.M. De Lange-De Klerk (E. S M); M.A. Cuesta (Miguel); P-P. Coene (Peter Paul); J.F. Lange (Johan); W.J.H.J. Meijerink (Jeroen); J.J. Jakimowicz; J. Jeekel (Hans); Kazemier, G. (Geert); Janssen, I.M.C. (Ignace M. C.); L. Påhlman (Lars); E. Haglind (Eva); H.J. Bonjer (H. Jaap)

    2016-01-01

    markdownabstractBackground: Laparoscopic surgery for colon cancer is associated with improved recovery and similar cancer outcomes at 3 and 5 years in comparison with open surgery. However, long-term survival rates have rarely been reported. Here, we present survival and recurrence rates of the

  16. Ten-year outcomes of a randomised trial of laparoscopic versus open surgery for colon cancer

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Deijen, C.L.; Vasmel, J.E.; Lange-de Klerk, E.S. de; Cuesta, M.A.; Coene, P.L.O.; Lange, J.F.; Meijerink, W.J.H.J.; Jakimowicz, J.J.; Jeekel, J.; Kazemier, G.; Pahlman, L.; Haglind, E.; Bonjer, H.J.

    2017-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic surgery for colon cancer is associated with improved recovery and similar cancer outcomes at 3 and 5 years in comparison with open surgery. However, long-term survival rates have rarely been reported. Here, we present survival and recurrence rates of the Dutch patients

  17. First steps of laparoscopic surgery in Lubumbashi: problems encountered and preliminary results.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arung, Willy; Dinganga, Nathalie; Ngoie, Emmanuel; Odimba, Etienne; Detry, Olivier

    2015-01-01

    For many reasons, laparoscopic surgery has been performed worldwide. Due to logistical constraints its first steps occurred in Lubumbashi only in 2008. The aim of this presentation was to report authors' ten-month experience of laparoscopic surgery at Lubumbashi Don Bosco Missionary Hospital (LDBMH): problems encountered and preliminary results. The study was a transsectional descriptive work with a convenient sampling. It only took in account patients with abdominal surgical condition who consented to undergo laparoscopic surgery and when logistical constraints of the procedure were found. Independent variables were patients' demographic parameters, staff, equipments and consumable. Dependent parameters included surgical abdominal diseases, intra-operative circumstances and postoperative short term mortality and morbidity. Between 1(st)April 2009 and 28(th) February 2010, 75 patients underwent laparoscopic surgery at the LDBMH making 1.5% of all abdominal surgical activities performed at this institution. The most performed procedure was appendicectomy for acute appendicitis (64%) followed by exploratory laparoscopy for various abdominal chronic pain (9.3%), adhesiolysis for repeated periods of subacute intestinal obstruction in previously laparotomised patients (9.3%), laparoscopic cholecystectomy for post acute cholecystitis on gall stone (5.3%) and partial colectomy for symptomatic redundant sigmoid colon (2.7%). There were 4% of conversion to laparotomy. Laparoscopic surgery consumed more time than laparotomy, mostly when dealing with appendicitis. However, postoperatively, patients did quite well. There was no death in this series. Nursing care was minimal with early discharge. These results are encouraging to pursue laparoscopic surgery with DRC Government and NGO's supports.

  18. Combined laparoscopic cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy in a patient with peritoneal mesothelioma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Esquivel, Jesus; Averbach, Andrew

    2009-08-01

    The role of minimally invasive, laparoscopic hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) has been reported by several centers around the world, mainly to palliate intractable ascites in patients with extensive peritoneal surface malignancies who are not candidates for a complete cytoreduction. In this paper, we report on the first case of combined laparoscopic cytoreductive surgery and HIPEC with curative intent in a patient with limited peritoneal mesothelioma.

  19. Laparoscopic surgery in a Nigerian teaching hospital for 1 year: challenges and effect on outcomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ismaila, B O; Shuaibu, S I; Samaila, S I; Ale, A A

    2013-01-01

    Laparoscopic surgery has developed rapidly in developed nations within a relatively short time to become a major method of treating surgical diseases, with increasing application across specialties. However this is not the situation in developing countries like Nigeria. This may be as a result of local challenges to the performance of laparoscopic procedures. It is important to identify what these challenges are. We prospectively studied problems encountered during the performance of laparoscopic procedures, and their effects on the procedure in a Nigerian teaching hospital for a year. Demographic information, laparoscopic procedure, problems encountered and effect on procedure, and outcomes were analyzed using descriptive statistics. Our sample consisted of 21 patients who had laparoscopic procedures performed by the authors; 12 (57%) were therapeutic procedures. Average age was 34.1 years (range 18-50 years) and majority (61.9%) were female. Problems encountered included non functioning/malfunctioning equipment (76.2%), power outages (33.3%), and dead light source bulbs (14.3%). There were 5 (23.8%) conversions to open surgery as a result of problems encountered; another conversion (4.8%) was to tackle an ascending colon tumour discovered at laparoscopy. The performance of laparoscopic procedures in a Nigerian public hospital is affected largely by inadequate and often malfunctioning equipment, and attention to these may reduce rates of conversion to open surgery.

  20. Preliminary experience with laparoscopic surgery in Ile-Ife, Nigeria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adisa, A O; Arowolo, O A; Salako, A A; Lawal, O O

    2009-12-01

    This study presents a pioneer experience with laparoscopic operations in a General Surgical unit of the Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex, Ile-Ife, Nigeria. Consecutive patients who had laparoscopic operations from April through December 2008 were prospectively studied. Following clinical diagnosis, initial diagnostic laparoscopy was undertaken in all patients, followed by therapeutic open or laparoscopic procedures. All procedures were done under general anaesthesia. Duration of operation and outcome including complications were recorded. In all, there were 12 patients (8 males, 4 females), aged 15 to 50 years. Eight patients had clinical diagnoses of acute appendicitis, one each had undetermined right lower abdominal pain suspected ectopic gestation, adhesive intestinal obstruction and metastatic liver disease. The first 4 patients with inflammed appendix confirmed at laparoscopy had open appendicectomy. Of the next cohort of 5 patients, laparoscopic appendicectomy was completed in four but converted to open procedure in one. Normal findings were noted in the lady with suspected ectopic gestation. Laparoscopic adhesiolysis was done for adhesive intestinal obstruction while a laparoscopic liver biopsy was done for the patient with metastatic liver disease. Operative time ranged from 55-105 minutes with marked reduction in operation time as confidence and experience grew. No intraoperative complication was observed but one patient had superficial port site infection postoperatively. We conclude that with good patient selection and some improvisation, laparoscopic general surgical operations are feasible with acceptable outcome even in a poor resource setting.

  1. A systematic review of laparoscopic port site hernias in gastrointestinal surgery.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Owens, M

    2012-02-01

    INTRODUCTION: Port site hernia is an important yet under-recognised complication of laparoscopic surgery, which carries a high risk of strangulation due to the small size of the defect involved. The purpose of this study was to examine the incidence, classification, and pathogenesis of this complication, and to evaluate strategies to prevent and treat it. METHODS: Medline was searched using the words "port site hernia", "laparoscopic port hernia" "laparoscopic complications" and "trocar site hernias". The search was limited to articles on cholecystectomy, colorectal, bariatric or anti-reflux surgery published in English. A total of 42 articles were analysed and of these 35 were deemed eligible for review. Inclusion criteria were laparoscopic gastrointestinal surgery in English only with reported incidence of port site herniation. Studies were excluded if insufficient data was provided. Eligible studies were also cross-referenced. RESULTS: Analysis of 11,699 patients undergoing laparoscopic gastrointestinal procedures demonstrated an incidence of port site hernias of 0.74% with a mean follow-up of 23.9 months. The lowest incidence of port site herniation was for bariatric surgery with 0.57% in 2644 patients with a mean follow-up of 67.4 months while the highest incidence was for laparoscopic colorectal surgery with an incidence of 1.47% in 477 patients with a mean follow-up of 71.5 months. CONCLUSION: All fascial defects larger than or equal to 10mm should be closed with peritoneum, while smaller defects may require closure in certain circumstances to prevent herniation. Laparoscopic port site herniation is a completely preventable cause of morbidity that requires a second surgical procedure to repair.

  2. Total intravenous anaesthesia versus inhalational anaesthesia for adults undergoing transabdominal robotic assisted laparoscopic surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Herling, Suzanne Forsyth; Dreijer, Bjørn; Wrist Lam, Gitte

    2017-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Rapid implementation of robotic transabdominal surgery has resulted in the need for re-evaluation of the most suitable form of anaesthesia. The overall objective of anaesthesia is to minimize perioperative risk and discomfort for patients both during and after surgery. Anaesthesia...... for patients undergoing robotic assisted surgery is different from anaesthesia for patients undergoing open or laparoscopic surgery; new anaesthetic concerns accompany robotic assisted surgery. OBJECTIVES: To assess outcomes related to the choice of total intravenous anaesthesia (TIVA) or inhalational...... anaesthesia for adults undergoing transabdominal robotic assisted laparoscopic gynaecological, urological or gastroenterological surgery. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL; 2016 Issue 5), Ovid MEDLINE (1946 to May 2016), Embase via OvidSP (1982 to May 2016...

  3. Reversal of the Hartmann's procedure: A comparative study of laparoscopic versus open surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Melkonian, Ernesto; Heine, Claudio; Contreras, David; Rodriguez, Marcelo; Opazo, Patricio; Silva, Andres; Robles, Ignacio; Rebolledo, Rolando

    2017-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The Hartmann's operation, although less frequently performed today, is still used when initial colonic anastomosis is too risky in the short term. However, the subsequent procedure to restore gastrointestinal continuity is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The review of an institutional review board (IRB)-approved prospectively maintained database provided data on the Hartmann's reversal procedure performed by either laparoscopic or open technique at our institution. The data collected included: demographic data, operative approach, conversion for laparoscopic cases and perioperative morbidity and mortality. RESULTS: Over a 14-year period from January 1997 to August 2011, 74 Hartmann's reversal procedures were performed (laparoscopic surgery—49, open surgery—25). The average age was 55 years for the laparoscopic and 57 years for the open surgery group, respectively. Male patients represent 61% of both groups. There was no significant difference in operative time between the two groups (149 min vs 151 min; P = 0.95), and there was a tendency to lower morbidity (3/49—7.3% vs 4/25—16%; P = 0.24) in the laparoscopic surgery group. In the laparoscopic group, eight patients (16.3%) were converted to open surgery, mostly due to severe adhesions. The length of hospital stay was significantly shorter for the laparoscopic group (5 days vs 7 days; P = 0.44). CONCLUSIONS: The Hartmann's reversal procedure can be safely performed in the majority of the cases using a laparoscopic approach with a low morbidity rate and achieving a shorter hospital stay. PMID:27251820

  4. Reversal of the Hartmann's procedure: A comparative study of laparoscopic versus open surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ernesto Melkonian

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The Hartmann's operation, although less frequently performed today, is still used when initial colonic anastomosis is too risky in the short term. However, the subsequent procedure to restore gastrointestinal continuity is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Patients and Methods: The review of an institutional review board (IRB-approved prospectively maintained database provided data on the Hartmann's reversal procedure performed by either laparoscopic or open technique at our institution. The data collected included: demographic data, operative approach, conversion for laparoscopic cases and perioperative morbidity and mortality. Results: Over a 14-year period from January 1997 to August 2011, 74 Hartmann's reversal procedures were performed (laparoscopic surgery—49, open surgery—25. The average age was 55 years for the laparoscopic and 57 years for the open surgery group, respectively. Male patients represent 61% of both groups. There was no significant difference in operative time between the two groups (149 min vs 151 min; P = 0.95, and there was a tendency to lower morbidity (3/49—7.3% vs 4/25—16%; P = 0.24 in the laparoscopic surgery group. In the laparoscopic group, eight patients (16.3% were converted to open surgery, mostly due to severe adhesions. The length of hospital stay was significantly shorter for the laparoscopic group (5 days vs 7 days; P = 0.44. Conclusions: The Hartmann's reversal procedure can be safely performed in the majority of the cases using a laparoscopic approach with a low morbidity rate and achieving a shorter hospital stay.

  5. Current status of residency training in laparoscopic surgery in Brazil: a critical review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nácul, Miguel Prestes; Cavazzola, Leandro Totti; de Melo, Marco Cezário

    2015-01-01

    The surgeon's formation process has changed in recent decades. The increase in medical schools, new specialties and modern technologies induce an overhaul of medical education. Medical residency in surgery has established itself as a key step in the formation of the surgeon, and represents the ideal and natural way for teaching laparoscopy. However, the introduction of laparoscopic surgery in the medical residency programs in surgical specialties is insufficient, creating the need for additional training after its termination. To review the surgical teaching ways used in services that published their results. Survey of relevant publications in books, internet and databases in PubMed, Lilacs and Scielo through july 2014 using the headings: laparoscopy; simulation; education, medical; learning; internship and residency. The training method for medical residency in surgery focused on surgical procedures in patients under supervision, has proven successful in the era of open surgery. However, conceptually turns as a process of experimentation in humans. Psychomotor learning must not be developed directly to the patient. Training in laparoscopic surgery requires the acquisition of psychomotor skills through training conducted initially with surgical simulation. Platforms based teaching problem solving as the Fundamentals of Laparoscopic Surgery, developed by the American Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopic Surgery and the Laparoscopic Surgical Skills proposed by the European Society of Endoscopic Surgery has been widely used both for education and for the accreditation of surgeons worldwide. The establishment of a more appropriate pedagogical process for teaching laparoscopic surgery in the medical residency programs is mandatory in order to give a solid surgical education and to determine a structured and safe professional activity.

  6. Pathogenesis of morbidity after fast-track laparoscopic colonic cancer surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stottmeier, S; Harling, H; Wille-Jørgensen, P

    2011-01-01

    AIM: Analysis of the nature and time course of early complications after laparoscopic colonic surgery is required to allow rational strategies for their prevention and management. METHOD: One hundred and four consecutive patients who underwent elective fast-track laparoscopic colonic cancer surgery...... were analysed prospectively from the Danish Colorectal Cancer Database, supplemented by data from the medical records. We studied in detail the time course of morbidity and reasons for prolonged stay (> 3 days). RESULTS: Seventeen (16.3%) patients had one or more complications. Surgical complications...... occurred in 14 patients, of which four were preceded by medical complications. Three patients had only medical complications. Median length of stay was 3 days (range 1-44). CONCLUSION: Further improvement of outcomes after fast-track laparoscopic colonic surgery might be obtained by improved surgical...

  7. Natural orifice transendoluminal surgery and laparoendoscopic single-site surgery: the future of laparoscopic radical prostatectomy.

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    Barret, Eric; Sanchez-Salas, Rafael; Ercolani, Matthew C; Rozet, Francois; Galiano, Marc; Cathelineau, Xavier

    2011-03-01

    Techniques for minimally invasive radical prostatectomy (RP) have been carefully reviewed by surgical teams worldwide in order to identify possible weaknesses and facilitate further improvement in their overall performance. The initial plan of action has been to carefully study the best-practice techniques for open RP in order to reproduce and standardize performance from the laparoscopic perspective. Similar to open surgery, the learning curve of minimally invasive RP has been well documented in terms of objective evaluation of outcomes for cancer control and functional results. Natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) and laparoendoscopic single-site surgery (LESS) have recently gained momentum as feasible techniques for minimal access urological surgery. NOTES-LESS drastically limit the surgeon's ability to choose the site of entry for operative instruments; therefore, the advantages of NOTES-LESS are gained with the understanding that the surgical procedure is more technically challenging. There are several key elements in RP techniques (in particular, dorsal vein control, apex exposure and cavernosal nerve sparing) that can have significant implications on oncologic and functional results. These steps are hard to perform in a limited working field. LESS radical prostatectomy can clearly be facilitated by using robotic technology.

  8. The Feasibility of Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy in Patients with Previous Abdominal Surgery

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    J. Diez

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available A retrospective study was carried in 1500 patients submitted to elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy to ascertain its feasibility in patients with previous abdominal surgery. In 411 patients (27.4% previous infraumbilical intraperitoneal surgery had been performed, and 106 of them (7.06% had 2 or more operations. Twenty five patients (1.66% had previous supraumbilical intraperitoneal operations (colonic resection, hydatid liver cysts, gastrectomies, etc. One of them had been operated 3 times. In this group of 25 patients the first trocar and pneumoperitoneum were performed by open laparoscopy. In 2 patients a Marlex mesh was present from previous surgery for supraumbilical hernias. Previous infraumbilical intraperitoneal surgery did not interfere with laparoscopic cholecystectomy, even in patients with several operations. There was no morbidity from Verres needle or trocars. In the 25 patients with supraumbilical intraperitoneal operations, laparoscopic cholecystectomy was completed in 22. In 3, adhesions prevented the visualization of the gallbladder and these patients were converted to an open procedure. In the 2 patients Marlex mesh prevented laparoscopic cholecystectomy because of adhesions to abdominal organs. We conclude that in most instances previous abdominal operations are no contraindication to laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

  9. [Simultaneous Resection of Sigmoid Colon Cancer and Synchronous Liver Metastasis by Laparoscopic Surgery].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamiya, Junichiro; Takeuchi, Dan; Yoshimura, Kotaro; Kaneko, Takaaki; Miura, Seiki; Ashizawa, Yosuke; Miyahara, Yoji; Otsuka, Yuichiro; Kaneko, Hironori; Takagi, Sumito; Ogata, Akira

    2015-11-01

    We report the case of a patient with sigmoid colon cancer with synchronous liver metastasis who underwent simultaneous sigmoid colectomy and partial hepatectomy by laparoscopic surgery. A 70-year-old man with positive fecal occult blood was diagnosed with sigmoid colon cancer and referred to our hospital. Staging computed tomography (CT) revealed a solitary liver metastasis in segment 6, confirmed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). He underwent simultaneous laparoscopic sigmoid colectomy and partial hepatectomy. The patient's postoperative recovery was uneventful and he was discharged 12 days later. The patient was alive without recurrence 4 months after surgery. Laparoscopic surgery is an accepted mode of treatment for colorectal cancer. However, the use of laparoscopy in liver surgery is still limited. There have only been few case reports of combined laparoscopic colorectal and liver resection. Simultaneous laparoscopic colectomy and hepatectomy is feasible for selected colorectal cancer patients with liver metastases. It may provide significant decrease in morbidity, length of hospitalization time, and intraoperative blood loss, without compromising curability or increasing mortality. Further studies are needed to confirm the feasibility of this approach.

  10. Challenges of valve surgeries in post-renal transplant patients.

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    Ahmad, Tanveer; Kishore, Kolkebaile Sadanand; Maheshwarappa, Nandakumar Neralakere; Pasarad, Ashwini Kumar

    2015-01-01

    Renal transplantation remains a mainstay of therapy for the end-stage renal disease. Cardiac disease has a high prevalence in this patient population. Cardiovascular disease remains the leading cause of death among kidney transplantation patients. The cardiac disease accounts for 43% of all-cause mortality among dialysis patients and for ≈38% of all-cause mortality after transplantation. In this article, we review the factors and outcomes associated with valve surgeries in renal transplant recipients and evaluate the strategy for open heart surgery after renal transplantation performed.

  11. Utility of anteroposterior diameter ratio of tumor and abdomen for laparoscopic approach for radical nephrectomy in large renal masses.

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    Yadav, Priyank; Srivastava, Devarshi; Arakere, Sachin; Gupta, Shashikant; Aga, Pallavi; Mandhani, Anil

    2017-08-07

    Laparoscopic radical nephrectomy (LRN) is now increasingly done for tumors larger than 10 cm. Despite selection of favorable cases, LRN may not be successful due to lack of adequate working space with large tumors. We describe a new feature on Contrast Enhanced Computed Tomography (CECT) abdomen to predict feasibility of LRN for large renal masses between 10 and 15 cm. From January 2005 to December 2015, renal tumors between 10 and 15 cm were selected retrospectively for LRN. Patients with retroperitoneal lymphadenopathy, Inferior vena cava (IVC) thrombus and involvement of adjacent organs were excluded. Anteroposterior (AP) diameter ratio of renal tumor and abdomen (APROTA) was calculated by dividing the maximum AP diameter of tumor along with normal renal parenchyma, by the AP diameter of abdomen on CECT. The patients were stratified into two groups: Group A (successful LRN) and Group B (conversion to open surgery) and outcomes were compared. The reasons for conversion were also noted. Of 29 patients, 16 (55.2%) had successful LRN (Group A), while 13 (44.8%) had conversion to open surgery (group B). The median tumor size in Group A was 11.3 ± 1.8 cm and in Group B was 13.6 ± 1.26 cm. Eleven of 13 patients had conversion due to large tumor size causing failure to progress. Two conversions were due to bleeding and injury to the colon each. There was a significant difference in the APROTA in group A and B [0.43 ± 0.09 in group A and 0.64 ± 0.14 in group B (p = 0.0001)]. Patients with APROTA of more than 0.65 are unlikely to have successful outcome with LRN.

  12. Single-incision laparoscopic surgery and conventional laparoscopic treatment of varicocele in adolescents: Comparison between two techniques

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    Antonio Marte

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS has gained great popularity in paediatric surgery due to its minimally invasive approach and improved cosmetic results. Notwithstanding, reports describing its adoption in children are still fragmentary and some perplexities have been raised by some surgeons. We reviewed our experience with the SILS Palomo varicocelectomy procedure (SIL-V in children and adolescents, comparing this group with a similar series operated using conventional laparoscopic varicocelectomy (CL-V. Patients and Methods: A total of 69 Palomo laparoscopic varicocelectomies were performed in patients aged 11-17 years from January 2011 to January 2013. Indications for surgery included grades II-III varicocele or ipsilateral testicular hypotrophy. The SIL-V procedure was performed in 44 patients with roticulating and conventional 5 mm instruments. Testicular vessels were isolated "en bloc," clipped and cut. Operating time, visual analogue scale and post-operative results were compared to a similar group of 25 patients operated with CL-V. Results: No patient of the SIL-V group required conversion to conventional laparoscopy, none to open surgery. Mean operative time was 22 min (range: 19-28 in the SIL-V group, not significantly different compared with CL-V (mean 21 min, range: 18-25. All patients experienced a smooth recovery from surgery without any complications, and were discharged on day 1. No difficulties were found in the SIL-V group. The post-operative pain score was significantly better in SIL-V. Conclusion: The SIL-V procedure is safe and effective and allows a fast and efficient isolation of the vascular bundle. The use of conventional instruments is technically feasible in SIL-V.

  13. Urogenital function in robotic vs laparoscopic rectal cancer surgery: a comparative study.

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    Panteleimonitis, Sofoklis; Ahmed, Jamil; Ramachandra, Meghana; Farooq, Muhammad; Harper, Mick; Parvaiz, Amjad

    2017-02-01

    Urological and sexual dysfunction are recognised risks of rectal cancer surgery; however, there is limited evidence regarding urogenital function comparing robotic to laparoscopic techniques. The aim of this study was to assess the urogenital functional outcomes of patients undergoing laparoscopic and robotic rectal cancer surgery. Urological and sexual functions were assessed using gender-specific validated standardised questionnaires. Questionnaires were sent a minimum of 6 months after surgery, and patients were asked to report their urogenital function pre- and post-operatively, allowing changes in urogenital function to be identified. Questionnaires were sent to 158 patients (89 laparoscopy, 69 robotic) of whom 126 (80 %) responded. Seventy-eight (49 male, 29 female) of the responders underwent laparoscopic and 48 (35 male, 13 female) robotic surgery. Male patients in the robotic group deteriorated less across all components of sexual function and in five components of urological function. Composite male urological and sexual function score changes from baseline were better in the robotic cohort (p function. However, composite female urological function score change from baseline was better in the robotic group (p = 0.003). Robotic rectal cancer surgery might offer better post-operative urological and sexual outcomes compared to laparoscopic surgery in male patients and better urological outcomes in females. Larger scale, prospective randomised control studies including urodynamic assessment of urogenital function are required to validate these results.

  14. The Laparosound{trade mark, serif}-an ultrasonic morcellator for use in laparoscopic surgery

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    Malinowski, Igor; Łobodzinski, Suave S.; Paśniczek, Roman

    2012-05-01

    The laparoscopic surgery has gained presence in the operating room in cases where it is feasible to spare patient trauma and minimize the hospital stay. One unique challenge in laparoscopic/endoscopic surgery is operating and removing tissue volume through keyhole - trocar. The removal of tissues by fragmentation is generally termed morcellation. We proposed a new method for soft tissue morcellation using laparoscopy. A unique ultrasonic laparoscopic surgical device, termed Laparosound{trade mark, serif}, utilizing laparoscopic high amplitude ultrasonic waveguides, operating in edge mode, has been developed that uses the principle of ultrasonic cavitation phenomenon for excision and morcellation of a variety of tissue types. The local ultrasonic acoustic intensity at the distal waveguide tip is sufficiently high that the liquefaction of moist tissue occurs. The mechanism of tissue morcellation is deemed to be cavitation based, therefore is dependant on water content in tissue, and thus its effectiveness depends on tissue type. This results in ultrasound being efficient in moist tissue and sparing dry, collagen rich blood vessels and thus minimizes bleeding. The applications of such device in particular, commonly encountered, could lay in general and ob/gyn laparoscopic surgery, whereas other applications could emerge. The design of power ultrasonic instruments for mass clinical applications poses however unique challenges, such as ability to design and build ultrasonic resonators that last in conditions of ultrasonic fatigue. These highly non-linear devices, whose behavior is hard to predict, have become the challenge of the author of the present paper. The object of work is to design and build an operating device capable of ultrasonic soft tissue morcellation in laparoscopic surgery. This includes heavy computational ultrasonics verified by testing and manufacturing feasibility using titanium biomedical alloys. The prototype Laparosound{trade mark, serif} device

  15. Long-Term Oncologic Outcomes of Laparoscopic versus Open Surgery for Middle and Lower Rectal Cancer.

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    Shaotang Li

    Full Text Available Laparoscopic surgery for middle and lower rectal cancer remain controversial because anatomical and complex surgical procedures specifically influence oncologic outcomes. This study analyzes the long-term outcomes of laparoscopic versus open surgery for middle and lower rectal cancer.Patients (laparoscopic: n = 129, open: n = 152 who underwent curative resection for middle and lower rectal cancer from 2003 to 2008 participated in the study. The same surgical team performed all operations. The mean follow up time of all patients was 74.3 months.No statistical difference in local recurrence rate (7.8% vs. 7.2%; log-rank = 0.024; P = 0.876 and distant recurrence rate (20.9% vs.16.4%; log-rank = 0.699; P = 0.403 between laparoscopic and open groups were observed within 5 years. The 5-year overall survival rates of the laparoscopic and open groups were 72.9% and 75.7%, respectively; no significant statistical difference was observed between them (log-rank = 0.163; P = 0.686. The 5-year survival rates between groups were not different between stages: Stage I (92.6% vs. 86.7%; log-rank = 0.533; P = 0.465; stage II (75.8% vs. 80.5%; log-rank = 0.212; P = 0.645; and Stage III (63.8% vs. 69.1%, log-rank = 0272;P = 0.602. However, significant statistical difference amongst different stages were observed (log-rank = 1.802; P = 0.003.Laparoscopic and open surgery for middle and lower rectal cancer offer equivalent long-term oncologic outcomes. Laparoscopic surgery is feasible in these patients.

  16. Application of objective clinical human reliability analysis (OCHRA) in assessment of technical performance in laparoscopic rectal cancer surgery.

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    Foster, J D; Miskovic, D; Allison, A S; Conti, J A; Ockrim, J; Cooper, E J; Hanna, G B; Francis, N K

    2016-06-01

    Laparoscopic rectal resection is technically challenging, with outcomes dependent upon technical performance. No robust objective assessment tool exists for laparoscopic rectal resection surgery. This study aimed to investigate the application of the objective clinical human reliability analysis (OCHRA) technique for assessing technical performance of laparoscopic rectal surgery and explore the validity and reliability of this technique. Laparoscopic rectal cancer resection operations were described in the format of a hierarchical task analysis. Potential technical errors were defined. The OCHRA technique was used to identify technical errors enacted in videos of twenty consecutive laparoscopic rectal cancer resection operations from a single site. The procedural task, spatial location, and circumstances of all identified errors were logged. Clinical validity was assessed through correlation with clinical outcomes; reliability was assessed by test-retest. A total of 335 execution errors identified, with a median 15 per operation. More errors were observed during pelvic tasks compared with abdominal tasks (p technical performance of laparoscopic rectal surgery.

  17. Successful resuscitation after suspected carbon dioxide embolism during laparoscopic ureteric reconstructive surgery

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    Kalpana S Vora

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Carbon dioxide (CO2 embolism is a rare but potentially fatal complication of laparoscopic surgery. We report a case of presumed CO2 embolism in a 35-year-old female during laparoscopic ureteric reconstructive surgery. After 2 h of operating time, a sudden decrease in end-tidal carbon dioxide and deterioration of hemodynamic status followed by cardiac arrest with pulseless electrical activity suggested gas embolism. Immediate cardiopulmonary resuscitation and inotropic support resulted in successful outcome. Thus, early recognition of the complication and prompt treatment can avoid catastrophy.

  18. Anaesthesia for laparoscopic kidney transplantation: Influence of Trendelenburg position and CO 2 pneumoperitoneum on cardiovascular, respiratory and renal function

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    Beena Kandarp Parikh

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Laparoscopic donor nephrectomy is a routine practice since 1995. Until now, the recipient has always undergone open surgery for transplantation. In our institute, laparoscopic kidney transplantation (LKT started in 2010. To facilitate this surgery, the patient must be in steep Trendelenburg position for a long duration. Hence, we decided to study the effect of CO2 pnuemoperitoneum and Trendelenburg position in chronic renal failure (CRF patients undergoing LKT. Methods: A total of 20 adult CRF patients having mean age of 31.7±10.36 years and body mass index 19.65±3.41 kg/m 2 without significant coronary artery disease were selected for the procedure. Cardiovascular parameters heart rate (HR, mean arterial pressure (MAP, Central venous pressure (CVP and respiratory parameters (ETCO 2 , peak airway pressure were noted at the time of induction, after induction, 15 min after creation of pnuemoperitoneum, 30 min after Trendelenburg position, 15 min after decompression of pnuemoperitonuem and after extubation. Arterial blood gas analysis was carried out after induction, 15 min after creation of pnuemoperitoneum, 30 min after Trendelenburg position and 15 min after clamp release. Total duration of surgery, anastomosis time, time for the establishment of urine output and total urine output were noted. Serum creatinine on the 1 st and 7 th post-operative day were recorded. Results: Significant increase in HR was observed after creation of CO 2 pneumoperitoneum and just before extubation. Significant increase in the MAP and CVP was noted after creation of pneumoperitoneum and after giving Trendelenburg position. No significant rise in the ETCO 2 and PaCO 2 was observed. Significant increase in the base deficit was observed after the clamp release, but none of the patients required correction. Conclusion: LKT performed in steep Trendelenburg position with CO 2 pneumoperitoneum significantly influenced cardiovascular and respiratory

  19. Design and preliminary in vivo validation of a robotic laparoscope holder for minimally invasive surgery.

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    Herman, Benoît; Dehez, Bruno; Duy, Khanh Tran; Raucent, Benoît; Dombre, Etienne; Krut, Sébastien

    2009-09-01

    Manual manipulation of the camera is a major source of difficulties encountered by surgeons while performing minimally invasive laparoscopic surgery. A survey of laparoscopic procedures and a review of existing active and passive holders were conducted. Based on these analyses, essential requirements were highlighted for such devices. Pursuant to this, a novel active laparoscope manipulator was designed, paying particular attention to ergonomics and ease of use. Several trials on the pelvitrainer and a first in vivo procedure were performed to validate the original design of our device. Phantom experiments demonstrated ease of use of the robot and advantages of the intuitive joystick with omnidirectional displacements and speed control. The compactness of the device and image stability were appreciated during the surgical trial. A novel robotic laparoscope holder has been developed and produced. An in vivo trial proved its value in clinical practice, enabling surgeons to work more comfortably.

  20. Laparoscopic paediatric surgery: A potential for paradigm shift in developing countries

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    M A Misauno

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Until recently, surgical conditions in children requiring operation were managed by the traditional open method. The introduction of the laparoscopic surgical technique seems to be reversing this trend in many centres. We are pioneering some laparoscopic surgery procedures in our environment and the aim of this study was to document our experience with laparoscopic paediatric surgical procedures in a developing country. Materials and Methods: This was a prospective analysis of all consecutive children that had laparoscopic surgery at 5 hospitals in Northern Nigeria from June 2008 to February 2011. Results: Twenty-one patients had laparoscopic surgeries during the study period with a mean age of 12.5 ± 2.6 years and age range of 10-16 years. There were 14 females and 7 males with a M:F ratio of 1:2. Seven patients (33.3% had cholecystectomies and 13 (61.9% had appendicectomies and the remaining one patient (4.8% had adhesiolysis for partial adhesive intestinal obstruction following previous open appendicectomy. The mean operating time was 89 min with a range of 45-110 min for appendicectomies, 55-150 min for cholecystectomies and the adhesiolysis took 50 min. The mean hospital stay was 2 days except for the conversions that stayed up to 7 days. There were 2 (9.5% conversions with no mortality. Conclusion: We solicit a paradigm shift in our approach to surgical management and implore other centres to embrace laparoscopic surgery in the management of surgical conditions in children since it confers obvious advantages over open surgery.

  1. Comparison of Oncologic Short Term Results of Laparoscopic Versus Open Surgery of Rectal Cancer

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    Solati

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Background Today, with improvements in laparoscopy technique, surgery of rectal cancer is performed by laparoscopy. Objectives This study was performed to evaluate oncologic results of open versus laparoscopic surgery of rectal cancer in terms of resection margins, removal of lymph nodes and recurrence rate. Patients and Methods This descriptive-analytic study was performed on 88 patients with middle and lower rectal cancer in the two equivalent groups of laparoscopic and open surgery in Mashhad Ghaem and Omid hospitals during 2011 - 2013. Information including age, sex, number of removed and involved lymph nodes, proximal, distal, and radial margins, tumor stage and location, recurrence and disease-free survival collected in the questionnaire and analyzed using descriptive statistics and frequency distribution tables and t-test. Results Both groups of open and laparoscopic surgery had similar characteristics of age, sex, recurrence and disease-free survival, tumor margins and one-year mortality. The number of removed and involved lymph nodes was higher in the laparoscopic group (5.16 vs. 3.55, respectively, with P < 0.050, and 1.74 vs. 0.59 with P = 0.023, but the ratio of involved lymph nodes to the total number of removed lymph nodes was not different between the two groups (LNR (P = 0.071. Tumor stage was higher in the laparoscopic group and most were in stages II and III (P < 0.001. Conclusions Laparoscopic surgery is an effective technique for safe margin and removing lymph nodes in rectal cancer.

  2. Effects of conventional versus laparoscopic surgery in treatment of congenital bile duct dilatation: a comparative analysis

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    CHEN Houbin

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available ObjectiveTo compare the clinical effects of conventional versus laparoscopic surgery in adults with congenital bile duct dilatation. MethodsA retrospective analysis was performed on the clinical data of 37 patients with congenital bile duct dilation who were treated in our hospital from February 2011 to February 2013. All the 37 cases underwent bile duct cyst resection and common hepatic duct-jejunal Roux-en-Y anastomosis; 20 of them (study group underwent laparoscopic surgery, while the other 17 cases (control group underwent open surgery. The mean operative time, mean intraoperative blood loss, mean length of hospital stay after surgery, mean time to first flatus after surgery, and postoperative complications were compared between the two groups. Comparison of continuous data between the two groups was made by t test, while comparison of categorical data was made by chi-square test. ResultsCompared with the control group, the study group had a significantly longer operative time (P<0.05 but significantly less mean intraoperative blood loss, mean length of hospital stay after surgery, and mean time to first flatus after surgery (P<0.05. The incidence of postoperative complications showed no significant difference between the two groups (P>0.05. ConclusionCompared with conventional surgery, laparoscopic bile duct cyst resection and common hepatic duct-jejunal Roux-en-Y anastomosis is less invasive and safer and leads to faster recovery in adults with congenital bile duct dilation, and it is worthy of clinical application.

  3. Fast-track program in laparoscopic liver surgery: Theory or fact?

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    Sánchez-Pérez, Belinda; Aranda-Narváez, José Manuel; Suárez-Muñoz, Miguel Angel; Eladel-Delfresno, Moises; Fernández-Aguilar, José Luis; Pérez-Daga, Jose Antonio; Pulido-Roa, Ysabel; Santoyo-Santoyo, Julio

    2012-11-27

    To analyze our results after the introduction of a fast-track (FT) program after laparoscopic liver surgery in our Hepatobiliarypancreatic Unit. All patients (43) undergoing laparoscopic liver surgery between March 2004 and March 2010 were included and divided into two consecutive groups: Control group (CG) from March 2004 until December 2006 with traditional perioperative cares (17 patients) and fast-track group (FTG) from January 2007 until March 2010 with FT program cares (26 patients). Primary endpoint was the influence of the program on the postoperative stay, the amount of re-admissions, morbidity and mortality. Secondarily we considered duration of surgery, use of drains, conversion to open surgery, intensive cares needs and transfusion. Both groups were homogeneous in age and sex. No differences in technique, time of surgery or conversion to open surgery were found, but more malignant diseases were operated in the FTG, and then transfusions were higher in FTG. Readmissions and morbidity were similar in both groups, without mortality. Postoperative stay was similar, with a median of 3 for CG vs 2.5 for FTG. However, the 80.8% of patients from FTG left the hospital within the first 3 d after surgery (58.8% for CG). The introduction of a FT program after laparoscopic liver surgery improves the recovery of patients without increasing complications or re-admissions, which leads to a reduction of the stay and costs.

  4. Spontaneous Retroperitoneal Hemorrhage (Wunderlich Syndrome due to Large Upper Pole Renal Angiomyolipoma: Does Robotic-Assisted Laparoscopic Partial Nephrectomy Have a Role in Primary Treatment?

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    Achilles Ploumidis

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Spontaneous rapture with consequent retroperitoneal hemorrhage (Wunderlich’s syndrome is the complication mostly feared from large renal angiomyolipomas (RAMLs. In hemodynamic stable patients, minimal invasive therapies have superseded open surgery as the mainstay of treatment, with contemporary cases mostly treated by selective arterial embolization. Robotic-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (RALPN is an established minimal access treatment that has been used in the past for benign and malignant lesions of the kidney in the elective setting, but rarely in urgent situations as primary treatment. We present a case of a ruptured RAML in a young female treated effectively by RALPN.

  5. Usefulness of an optical tracking system in laparoscopic surgery for motor skills assessment.

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    Sánchez-Margallo, Juan A; Sánchez-Margallo, Francisco M; Pagador Carrasco, José B; Oropesa García, Ignacio; Gómez Aguilera, Enrique J; Moreno del Pozo, José

    2014-01-01

    The objective of this study is to assess the usefulness of an evaluation system of surgical skills based on motion analysis of laparoscopic instruments. This system consists of a physical laparoscopic simulator and a tracking and assessment system of technical skills in laparoscopy. Six surgeons with intermediate experience (between 1 and 50 laparoscopic surgeries) and 5 experienced surgeons (more than 50 laparoscopic surgeries) took part in this study. All participants were right-handed. The subjects performed 3 repetitions of a cutting task on synthetic tissue with the right hand, dissection of a gastric serous layer, and a suturing task in the dissection previously done. Objective metrics such as time, path length, speed of movements, acceleration and motion smoothness were analyzed for the instruments of each hand. In the cutting task, experienced surgeons show less acceleration (P=.014) and a smoother motion (P=.023) using the scissors. Regarding the dissection activity, experienced surgeons need less time (P=.006) and less length with both instruments (P=.006 for dissector and P=.01 for scissors). In the suturing task, experienced surgeons require less time (P=.037) and distance travelled (P=.041) by the dissector. This study shows the usefulness of the evaluation system for the cutting, dissecting, and suturing tasks. It represents a significant step in the development of advanced systems for training and assessment of surgical skills in laparoscopic surgery. Copyright © 2012 AEC. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  6. Laparoscopic Nephrectomy for Wilms Tumor

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    Andolfi C

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Wilms tumor is the most frequent primary renal malignancy in children. The surgical resection is traditionally performed through laparotomy. The advent of laparoscopic surgery for benign renal lesions has led the surgeon to use a minimal invasive approach for the nephroblastoma. We describe a 9-months-old girl who presented with a left renal mass. A laparoscopic resection of the tumor with left radical nephroureterectomy was performed. The specimens were removed in an endoscopic bag through a low suprapubic incision. The patient had an uncomplicated recovery. Minimally invasive techniques may be considered for resection of nephroblastoma if oncologic principles are carefully followed.

  7. Laparoscopic ovarian-sparing surgery for a young woman with an exophytic ovarian fibroma.

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    Hasegawa, Akiko; Koga, Kaori; Asada, Kayo; Wada-Hiraike, Osamu; Osuga, Yutaka; Kozuma, Shiro

    2013-12-01

    Ovarian fibroma can occur in young women of reproductive age. Despite its benign feature, most surgical removals are done in open surgery with oophorectomy. However, an ovarian-sparing tumor resection can be an option, especially for an exophytic type of fibroma, which accounts for more than half of ovarian fibromas. Here we report a case of exophytic ovarian fibroma in a young woman treated by laparoscopic ovarian-sparing surgery. A 27-year-old woman presented with a pelvic mass. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed an 11 cm × 8 cm solid mass connected to the normal-appearing left ovary by a pedicle-like structure. A clinical diagnosis of an exophytic ovarian fibroma was made, and laparoscopic ovarian-sparing surgery with an intraoperative pathological examination was planned. The tumor was resected by cutting the pedicle, morcellated in a pouch and removed. All procedures were performed laparoscopically and the affected ovary was completely preserved. Having confirmation of its benign characteristics by the intraoperative examination, no further excision was performed. The patient conceived 3 months after the surgery and no recurrence was reported. We propose that gynecologists should consider laparoscopic ovarian-sparing surgery for exophytic ovarian fibroma in women of reproductive age.

  8. Feasibility and Validation of Single-Port Laparoscopic Surgery for Simple-Adhesive or Nonadhesive Ileus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okamoto, Hirotaka; Maruyama, Suguru; Wakana, Hiroyuki; Kawashima, Kenji; Fukasawa, Toshio; Fujii, Hideki

    2016-01-01

    Abstract A single incisional laparoscopic surgery (SILS) approach is increasingly being used, taking advantage of the minimally invasive technique. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and the validation of SILS procedure for small bowel obstruction (SBO). Sixteen consecutive patients with SBO who underwent SILS release of ileus between April 2010 and March 2015 were compared with the conventional multiport laparoscopic treatment group of 16 patients matched for age, gender, and surgical procedure. Laparoscopic treatment was completed in a total of 14 patients in SILS group and 13 in multiport laparoscopic group. Two cases and 3 cases were converted to multiport laparoscopic surgery or open surgery. Eight patients with nonscar and nonadhesive ileus, such as internal hernia, obturator hernia, gallstone ileus, and intestinal invagination, were treated successfully in the laparoscopic procedure. There was no mortality in either of the groups. The mean procedural time was 105 minutes in the SILS group and 116 minutes in the multiport laparoscopic group. The mean amount of blood loss was not statistically different in either of groups (15 ml vs. 23 ml). Patients resumed oral intake after a mean of 2 days in the SILS and 3 days in the multiport groups with the statistically difference. The length of hospital stay was shorter in the SILS group (5 days vs. 7 days) with no statistically difference. Perioperative morbidity was seen in 2 patients in the SILS group and 3 patients in the multiport group. SILS approach has superior and/or similar perioperative outcomes to multiport approach for SBO. SILS release of ileus as an ultra-minimal invasion technique is feasible, effective, and offers benefits with cosmesis in simple adhesive or scar-less nonadhesive ileus patients. PMID:26825912

  9. Oncological outcomes of laparoscopic radical nephrectomy for renal cancer Resultados oncológicos da nefrectomia radical laparoscópica no tratamento do carcinoma renal

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    Jose R. Colombo Jr.

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available PURPOSE: To report the 5-year oncological outcomes of patients undergoing laparoscopic radical nephrectomy for renal cancer compared to a cohort of patients undergoing open radical nephrectomy. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the data of 88 patients undergoing radical nephrectomy for renal cell carcinoma prior to January 2000. Of these, 45 patients underwent laparoscopic radical nephrectomy, and 43 patients underwent open radical nephrectomy. Inclusion criteria comprised clinically organ-confined tumors of 15 cm or less in size without concomitant lymphadenopathy or vena cava thrombus. Oncological follow-up data were obtained from charts, radiological reports, and phone calls to patients or their families, and were calculated from the date of surgery to the date of last appointment with physician or date of death. RESULTS: All laparoscopic procedures were completed without open conversion. On comparing the laparoscopic radical nephrectomy and open radical nephrectomy groups, mean tumor size was 5. 8 vs 6.2 cm (P = . 44, mean blood loss was 183 vs 461 mL (P = . 004, and mean operative time was 2.8 vs 3.7 hrs (P OBJETIVO: Relatar os resultados oncológicos após 5 anos de seguimento em pacientes submetidos a nefrectomia radical laparoscópica para tratamento do câncer renal, comparando esses com os resultados obtidos com um grupo de pacientes submetidos a nefrectomia radical aberta. MÉTODOS: Foram analisadas retrospectivamente as informações obtidas de 88 pacientes submetidos a nefrectomia radical para o tratamento do carcinoma renal realizadas previamente a Janeiro de 2000. Destes pacientes, 45 foram tratados com nefrectomia radical laparoscópica e 43 com nefrectomia radical aberta. Foram incluídos pacientes com tumores localizados com tamanho máximo de 15 cm, sem adenopatia ou sinal de envolvimento de veia renal na avaliação radiologica pré-operatória. As informações sobre o seguimento dos pacientes foram obtidas a partir de

  10. Percutaneous and laparoscopic assisted cryoablation of small renal cell carcinomas

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Tommy Kjærgaard; Østraat, Øyvind; Borre, Michael;

    Aim: To evaluate the complication rate and short term oncological outcome of small renal cell carcinomas treated with cryoablation. Materials and methods: 91 biopsy verified renal cell carcinomas were cryoablated between 2006-11. Patients treated had primarily T1a tumors, but exceptions were made....... Of the 10 patients with residual tumor, 8 patients were reablated and 2 patients were referred to oncological treatment. Cancer specific survival was 100%. Overall survival was 91%. Complications: 8 pt. had minor bleeding in relation to cryoneedle removal, requiring Tachosil®. 1 pt. had subcutaneous...

  11. Optimal training design for procedural motor skills: a review and application to laparoscopic surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spruit, Edward N; Band, Guido P H; Hamming, Jaap F; Ridderinkhof, K Richard

    2014-11-01

    This literature review covers the choices to consider in training complex procedural, perceptual and motor skills. In particular, we focus on laparoscopic surgery. An overview is provided of important training factors modulating the acquisition, durability, transfer, and efficiency of trained skills. We summarize empirical studies and their theoretical background on the topic of training complex cognitive and motor skills that are pertinent to proficiency in laparoscopic surgery. The overview pertains to surgical simulation training for laparoscopy, but also to training in other demanding procedural and dexterous tasks, such as aviation, managing complex systems and sports. Evidence-based recommendations are provided for facilitating efficiency in laparoscopic motor skill training such as session spacing, adaptive training, task variability, part-task training, mental imagery and deliberate practice.

  12. Feasibility of quantitative diffuse reflectance spectroscopy for targeted measurement of renal ischemia during laparoscopic partial nephrectomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goel, Utsav O.; Maddox, Michael M.; Elfer, Katherine N.; Dorsey, Philip J.; Wang, Mei; McCaslin, Ian Ross; Brown, J. Quincy; Lee, Benjamin R.

    2014-10-01

    Reduction of warm ischemia time during partial nephrectomy (PN) is critical to minimizing ischemic damage and improving postoperative kidney function, while maintaining tumor resection efficacy. Recently, methods for localizing the effects of warm ischemia to the region of the tumor via selective clamping of higher-order segmental artery branches have been shown to have superior outcomes compared with clamping the main renal artery. However, artery identification can prolong operative time and increase the blood loss and reduce the positive effects of selective ischemia. Quantitative diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS) can provide a convenient, real-time means to aid in artery identification during laparoscopic PN. The feasibility of quantitative DRS for real-time longitudinal measurement of tissue perfusion and vascular oxygenation in laparoscopic nephrectomy was investigated in vivo in six Yorkshire swine kidneys (n=three animals). DRS allowed for rapid identification of ischemic areas after selective vessel occlusion. In addition, the rates of ischemia induction and recovery were compared for main renal artery versus tertiary segmental artery occlusion, and it was found that the tertiary segmental artery occlusion trends toward faster recovery after ischemia, which suggests a potential benefit of selective ischemia. Quantitative DRS could provide a convenient and fast tool for artery identification and evaluation of the depth, spatial extent, and duration of selective tissue ischemia in laparoscopic PN.

  13. Postoperative infection of laparoscopic surgery wound due to Mycobacterium chelonae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rajini M

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available We report a case of postoperative wound infection due to Mycobacterium chelonae. A 35-year-old woman presented with multiple erythematous nodules, plaques and discharging sinuses over the abdomen, 45 days after she had undergone laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy. The seropurulent discharge from the wound showed acid-fast bacilli on Ziehl- Neelsen stain and culture yielded Mycobacterium chelonae . The patient responded to clarithromycin and doxycycline. The source of infection was probably contaminated water or disinfectant solution used for sterilization of laparoscopic instruments.

  14. Impact of laparoscopic surgery on stress responses, immunofunction, and risk of infectious complications

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kehlet, H; Nielsen, Hans Jørgen

    1998-01-01

    a reduction in wound complications, whereas the sparse data on intraperitoneal infections and sepsis are not conclusive. Thus, laparoscopic surgery modifies the injury response and reduces the risk of infectious complications. If integrated into an accelerated rehabilitation program, further improvement may...... result. The impact of these findings on prophylactic antibiotic regimens cannot be assessed from available data and requires evaluation in prospective clinical studies....

  15. Does the closure of mesenteric defects during laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery cause complications?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristensen, Sara Danshøj; Floyd, Andrea Karen; Naver, Lars

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND: A well-known complication of laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery (LRYGB) is bowel obstruction due to internal herniation (IH). Evidence suggests that mesenteric defects should be closed during LRYGB to reduce the risk of IH. Therefore, surgeons are now closing mesenteric...

  16. Procedural key steps in laparoscopic colorectal surgery, consensus through Delphi methodology

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dijkstra, Frederieke A.; Bosker, Robbert J. I.; Veeger, Nicolaas J. G. M.; van Det, Marc J.; Pierie, Jean Pierre E. N.

    2015-01-01

    While several procedural training curricula in laparoscopic colorectal surgery have been validated and published, none have focused on dividing surgical procedures into well-identified segments, which can be trained and assessed separately. This enables the surgeon and resident to focus on a specifi

  17. [Laparoscopic training--the guarantee of a future in pediatric surgery].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drăghici, I; Drăghici, L; Popescu, M; Copăescu, C; Mitoiu, D; Dragomirescu, C

    2009-01-01

    Laparoscopy is considered today the highlight of modern surgery, the forerunner of the fascinating world of video and robotic surgery, both of them derived from the sophisticated areas of aeronautic industry. Remarkably, Romanian specialists keep up with the pace of worldwide technological developments, assimilating one by one each and every video endoscopic procedure. In the early 90s, the Romanian laparos-copic school was founded with the contribution of many important personalities; their activities and achievements have been an inspiration for the following generation of laparoscopic surgeons. In this last decade, the newest branch of laparoscopic surgery in our country, pediatric laparoscopy, managed to evolve from its "shy" beginnings to become an important method of improving the quality of surgical procedures, to the benefit of our "small patients". The purpose of this article is to encourage and promote minimally invasive video endoscopic surgery training, emphasizing its crucial role in the education and professional development of the next generation of pediatric surgeons, and not only. The modem concept of laparoscopic training includes experimental scientific practices, as well as the newest technical acquisitions such as virtual reality video-electronic simulation.

  18. Procedural key steps in laparoscopic colorectal surgery, consensus through Delphi methodology

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dijkstra, Frederieke A.; Bosker, Robbert J. I.; Veeger, Nicolaas J. G. M.; van Det, Marc J.; Pierie, Jean Pierre E. N.

    2015-01-01

    While several procedural training curricula in laparoscopic colorectal surgery have been validated and published, none have focused on dividing surgical procedures into well-identified segments, which can be trained and assessed separately. This enables the surgeon and resident to focus on a specifi

  19. Laparoscopic Upper Urinary System Surgery After Specialty Training: Presentation of 50 Cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alper Gok

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Aim: Results of first 50 laparoscopic upper urinary tractus surgeries which were performed in Adiyaman State Hospital during compulsory duty after specialty training are presented. Material and Method: Fifty patients who underwent laparoscopic upper urinary tractus surgeries in our clinic between February 2012 and January 2013 were retrospectively evaluated. All of the laparoscopic procedures were performed using transperitoneal method. Results: Mean age of the patients was 42,6±13,6 (17-74, and mean operation duration was 96,8±12,4 minutes (28-165. Thirty two patients were males and 18 were females. Intraoperative complications were not seen in any of the patients and operations didn%u2019t proceed to open surgeries. All patients were mobilized at first day after the operation. No patient needed opioids as painkillers at postoperative period. Decrease in hematocrit level was obseved in a patient at early postoperative period and this patient was followed conservatively with 6 units of erythrocyte suspension. Herniation from the port area was observed in a patient who had cortical cyst excision at postoperative 3rd month. No major complication was observed. Discussion: Laparoscopic surgery which is becoming more commonly used nowadays can be safely applied in state hospitals if appropriate infrastructure is provided.

  20. A systematic review of laparoscopic port site hernias in gastrointestinal surgery.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Owens, M

    2011-08-01

    Port site hernia is an important yet under-recognised complication of laparoscopic surgery, which carries a high risk of strangulation due to the small size of the defect involved. The purpose of this study was to examine the incidence, classification, and pathogenesis of this complication, and to evaluate strategies to prevent and treat it.

  1. Use of a novel multi-purpose sponge for laparoscopic surgery: Does it have special relevance to robotically-assisted laparoscopic surgery?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morelli, Luca; Guadagni, Simone; Troia, Elena; Di Franco, Gregorio; Palmeri, Matteo; Caprili, Giovanni; D’Isidoro, Cristiano; Moglia, Andrea; Pisano, Roberta; Pietrabissa, Andrea; Cuschieri, Alfred; Mosca, Franco

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The STAR System (Ekymed SpA) is a novel multipurpose sponge developed for conventional manual laparoscopic surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between December 2012 and December 2014, we successfully used the sponge in ten robot-assisted and ten direct manual laparoscopic operations to achieve haemostasis, for blunt dissections, for atraumatic lifting of solid organs, to check for bile leaks, for cleaning the surgical field thus avoiding frequent use of suction or the application of haemostatic agents. The reason of the insertion (RI), the main use (MU) and any further use (FU), once inserted, were registered for each operation and compared between the two groups. RESULTS: The principal RI was haemostasis for minor bleeding, without differences between the two groups (P = not significant). Regard to MU, in the robotic group cleaning the surgical field was utilised more than laparoscopic group (100% vs. 60%; P = 0.03). About FU, atraumatic solid organs lifting was more frequent during robotically assisted surgery than with laparoscopy (50% vs. 0%; P = 0.01). A statistically more frequent use of the sponge was registered during standard laparoscopy for the blunt dissection (30% vs. 80%; P = 0.03). CONCLUSIONS: The STAR System was beneficial in both approaches, but it imparts added benefit during robotically-assisted laparoscopic surgery organs because of the lack of tactile feedback and because the operating surgeon is remote from the patient, and has to rely on the assisting surgeon in the sterile field for dealing with bleeding episodes, cleansing/mopping the operative field when necessary, who may not be experienced or completely proficient. PMID:27251845

  2. Clinical effect of laparoscopic surgery in treatment of common bile duct stones after subtotal gastrectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    LEI Ting

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available ObjectiveTo investigate the safety and feasibility of laparoscopic surgery in the treatment of common bile duct stones after subtotal gastrectomy. MethodsA retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 46 patients with gallstones and common bile duct stones after subtotal gastrectomy who underwent surgical treatment in Luoyang Central Hospital Affiliated to Zhengzhou University from January 2010 to October 2016. Among these patients, 25 underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy+common bile duct exploration (laparoscopic group, and 21 underwent open cholecystectomy+common bile duct exploration (open group. The surgical conditions and postoperative complications were compared between the two groups. The t-test was used for comparison of continuous data between groups, and the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between groups. ResultsNo patients died during the perioperative period and 2 patients (8.0% in the laparoscopic group were converted to open surgery. There were significant differences between the laparoscopic group and the open group in time to ambulation after surgery (1.2±0.6 d vs 2.4±1.2 d, t=4.395, P<0.001, time to passage of gas by anus after surgery (1.8±0.5 d vs 2.8±0.8 d, t=5.168, P<0.001, and length of postoperative hospital stay (5.2±1.1 d vs 7.5±2.3 d, t=4.439, P<0.001. There were no significant differences between the two groups in time of operation, intraoperative blood loss, hospital costs, T tube placement, and rate of residual stones (all P>0.05. After surgery, 2 patients (8.0% in the laparoscopic group and 3 (14.3% in the open group experienced complications, and there was no significant difference between the two groups (P=0.495. ConclusionLaparoscopic surgery is safe and feasible in the treatment of common bile duct stones after subtotal gastrectomy and has the advantages of minimally invasive surgery.

  3. Liver Surgery for Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Laparoscopic versus Open Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. G. Ker

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available In this study, we try to compare the benefit of laparoscopic versus open operative procedures. Patients and Methods. One hundred and sixteen patients underwent laparoscopic liver resection (LR and another 208 patients went for open liver resection (OR for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC. Patients' selection for open or laparoscopic approach was not randomized. Results. The CLIP score for LR and OR was 0.59 ± 0.75 and 0.86 ± 1.04, respectively, (=.016. The operation time was 156.3 ± 308.2 and 190.9 ± 79.2 min for LR and OR groups, respectively. The necessity for blood transfusion was found in 8 patients (6.9% and 106 patients (50.9% for LR and OR groups. Patients resumed full diet on the 2nd and 3rd postoperative day, and the average length of hospital stay was 6 days and 12 days for LR and OR groups. The complication rate and mortality rate were 0% and 6.0%, 2.9% and 30.2% for LR and OR groups, respectively. The 1-yr, 3-yr, and 5-yr survival rate was 87.0%, 70.4%, 62.2% and 83.2%, 76.0%, 71.8% for LR and OR group, respectively, of non-significant difference. From these results, HCC patients accepted laparoscopic or open approach were of no significant differences between their survival rates.

  4. A randomized trial of laparoscopic versus open surgery for rectal cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bonjer, H Jaap; Deijen, Charlotte L; Abis, Gabor A;

    2015-01-01

    (locoregional recurrence) and survival after laparoscopic and open resection of rectal cancer. METHODS: In this international trial conducted in 30 hospitals, we randomly assigned patients with a solitary adenocarcinoma of the rectum within 15 cm of the anal verge, not invading adjacent tissues, and without...... of locoregional recurrence and disease-free and overall survival similar to those for open surgery. (Funded by Ethicon Endo-Surgery Europe and others; COLOR II ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT00297791.)....

  5. Design and Validation of an Augmented Reality System for Laparoscopic Surgery in a Real Environment

    OpenAIRE

    López-Mir, F.; Naranjo, V.; Fuertes, J. J.; Alcañiz, M.; Bueno, J.; Pareja, E

    2013-01-01

    Purpose. This work presents the protocol carried out in the development and validation of an augmented reality system which was installed in an operating theatre to help surgeons with trocar placement during laparoscopic surgery. The purpose of this validation is to demonstrate the improvements that this system can provide to the field of medicine, particularly surgery. Method. Two experiments that were noninvasive for both the patient and the surgeon were designed. In one of these e...

  6. Effect of preemptive ketamine administration on postoperative visceral pain after gynecological laparoscopic surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Hong-Qi; Jia, Dong-Lin

    2016-08-01

    The pain following gynecological laparoscopic surgery is less intense than that following open surgery; however, patients often experience visceral pain after the former surgery. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of preemptive ketamine on visceral pain in patients undergoing gynecological laparoscopic surgery. Ninety patients undergoing gynecological laparoscopic surgery were randomly assigned to one of three groups. Group 1 received placebo. Group 2 was intravenously injected with preincisional saline and local infiltration with 20 mL ropivacaine (4 mg/mL) at the end of surgery. Group 3 was intravenously injected with preincisional ketamine (0.3 mg/kg) and local infiltration with 20 mL ropivacaine (4 mg/mL) at the end of surgery. A standard anesthetic was used for all patients, and meperidine was used for postoperative analgesia. The visual analogue scale (VAS) scores for incisional and visceral pain at 2, 6, 12, and 24 h, cumulative analgesic consumption and time until first analgesic medication request, and adverse effects were recorded postoperatively. The VAS scores of visceral pain in group 3 were significantly lower than those in group 2 and group 1 at 2 h and 6 h postoperatively (Ppain did not differ significantly between groups 2 and 3, but they were significantly lower than those in group 1 (Pvisceral pain scores at 2 h and 6 h postoperatively. Moreover, the three groups showed no statistically significant differences in visceral and incisional pain scores at 12 h and 24 h postoperatively. The consumption of analgesics was significantly greater in group 1 than in groups 2 and 3, and the time to first request for analgesics was significantly longer in groups 2 and 3 than in group 1, with no statistically significant difference between groups 2 and 3. However, the three groups showed no significant difference in the incidence of shoulder pain or adverse effects. Preemptive ketamine may reduce visceral pain in patients undergoing

  7. Laparoscopic endoscopic cooperative surgery as a minimally invasive treatment for gastric submucosal tumor

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Tsutomu; Namikawa; Kazuhiro; Hanazaki

    2015-01-01

    Laparoscopic wedge resection is a useful procedure fortreating patients with submucosal tumor(SMT) including gastrointestinal stromal tumor(GIST) of the stomach. However, resection of intragastric-type SMTs can be problematic due to the difficulty in accurately judging the location of endoluminal tumor growth, and often excessive amounts of healthy mucosa are removed; thus, full-thickness local excision using laparoscopic and endoscopic cooperative surgery(LECS) is a promising procedure for these cases. Our experience with LECS has confirmed this procedure to be a safe, feasible, and minimally invasive treatment method for gastric GISTs less than 5 cm in diameter, with outcomes similar to conventional laparoscopic wedge resection. The important advantage of LECS is the reduction in the resected area of the gastric wall compared to that in conventional laparoscopic wedge resection using a linear stapler. Early gastric cancer fits the criteria for endoscopic resection; however, if performing endoscopic submucosal dissection is difficult, the LECS procedure might be a good alternative. In the future, LECS is also likely to be indicated for duodenal tumors, as well as gastric tumors. Furthermore, developments in endoscopic and laparoscopic technology have generated various modified LECS techniques, leading to even less invasive surgery.

  8. Comparison of Laparoscopic Adrenalectomy with Open Surgery for Adrenal Tumors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hsun-Shuan Wang

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available The role of laparoscopy in the management of adrenal tumors is well established. However, there are very few head-to-head comparisons between laparoscopic and open methods at the same institution. We retrospectively evaluated the operative and postoperative parameters of laparoscopic adrenalectomy for adrenal tumors and compared the results with those of traditional open adrenalectomy. Eighty-eight patients with adrenal tumors underwent adrenalectomy between January 1997 and October 2008 at our institute. Clinical data were retrospectively collected after assigning the patients into Group I (n = 51, who underwent the laparoscopic method, and Group II (n = 37, who underwent the traditional open method, by reviewing the patients' charts and related data. Patients in Group I experienced significantly less blood loss (88.6 ± 93.0 mL vs. 321.4 ± 265.4mL, p < 0.01, shorter hospital stay (6.7 ± 4.3 days vs. 11.3 ± 5.4 days, p < 0.01 and earlier oral intake (1.5 ± 0.6 daysvs. 2.2 ± 0.8 days, p < 0.01 postoperatively. In Group I, eight patients had adrenal tumors larger than 6 cm and no statistically significant differences were found compared with the other patients in Group I. Two patients in Group I had malignancies and no local or port site recurrence was found at regular follow-up. There was no mortality in either group. Laparoscopic adrenalectomy is a safe, effective and minimally invasive approach with the advantages of better cosmesis, less blood loss, shorter hospital stay and more rapid recovery. We recommend that laparoscopic adrenalectomy is considered as the gold standard procedure for adrenal tumors, irrespective of whether the tumor is benign or malignant.

  9. Robotic nephron-sparing surgery for renal tumors: Current status.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Azhar, Raed A; Gill, Inderbir S; Aron, Monish

    2014-07-01

    There have been a number of advances in robotic partial nephrectomy (RPN) for renal masses. We reviewed these advances with emphasis on the evolution of technique and outcomes as well as the expanding indications for RPN. Literature in the English language was reviewed using the National Library of Medicine database. Relevant articles were extracted, and their citations were utilized to broaden our search. The identified articles were reviewed and summarized with a focus on novel developments. RPN is an evolving procedure and is an emerging viable alternative to laparoscopic partial nephrectomy and open partial nephrectomy with favorable outcomes. The contemporary techniques used for RPN demonstrate excellent perioperative outcomes. The short-term oncologic outcomes are comparable to those of laparoscopic and open surgical approaches. Further studies are needed to assess long-term oncologic control.

  10. Topical diclofenac patch for postoperative wound pain in laparoscopic gynecologic surgery: a randomized study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alessandri, Franco; Lijoi, Davide; Mistrangelo, Emanuela; Nicoletti, Annamaria; Crosa, Marco; Ragni, Nicola

    2006-01-01

    To compare pain management of standard analgesic and standard analgesic plus diclofenac transdermal patch in patients who undergo laparoscopic gynecologic surgery. Randomized prospective study (Canadian Task Force classification I). University hospital. One hundred twenty patients requiring laparoscopic surgery for gynecologic benign diseases. Patients were divided into two groups, one medicated with a diclofenac patch (diclofenac group) and the other medicated with standard skin medication (placebo; control group) at all incisional areas at the end of the operation. The principal measures of outcome were pain intensity at 6, 12, and 24 hours after surgery and consumption of analgesics. The two treatment groups were comparable with respect to demographic and intraoperative characteristics. No significant difference was observed between the two groups in mean pain intensity at 6 hours after surgery. Mean pain intensity at 12 and 24 hours, respectively, after surgery was significantly lower in the diclofenac group (3.7 +/- 1.3 and 2.0 +/- 0.6) than that observed in the control group (5.7 +/- 1.9 and 4.6 +/- 0.5) (p value, respectively, .002 and diclofenac group required analgesics in the first 36 hours after the operation versus 43 patients (71.7%) in the control group (p diclofenac group (28 +/- 5 hours vs 39 +/- 3 hours; p = .031). Diclofenac transdermal administration seems a valid help to standard analgesic treatment in postoperative pain control and could also help reduce the period of hospitalization of patients who undergo laparoscopic benign gynecologic surgery. Copyright 2006 AAGL

  11. Analysis of operation-related complications of totally laparoscopic aortoiliac surgery

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Qi Lixing; Gu Yongquan; Guo Lianrui; Li Xuefeng; Wu Yingfeng; Cui Shijun; Tong Zhu

    2014-01-01

    Background Totally laparoscopic aortoiliac surgery has been newly developed in China.It is known as the most complex laparoscopic technique to learn because of its high-risk procedures.Analysis of the operation-related complications of this surgery is supposed to be helpful for the early success of this technique.Methods Twelve male patients (56-70 years old) with aortoiliac occlusive disease underwent totally laparoscopic aortoiliac bypass surgery (TLABS) in our institute.Clinical data and operation-related complications were retrospectively analyzed.Results Of the 12 patients,TLABS succeeded in nine and conversion to open surgery occurred in three.One of the converted patients finally died of pulmonary infection.Operation-related complications included bleeding from arterial injury,perforation from colonic injury,graft embolism,residual aortic stenosis,and hydronephrosis.Bleeding in two patients and colonic perforation in one patient resulted in three conversions to open surgery.Intraoperative graft embolectomy and postoperative aortic stenting were performed to resolve the thrombus/embolus-referring complications.Left hydronephrosis,which was thought to result from intraoperative injury and treated with ureteric intubation drainage,recovered 6 months after TLABS.Conclusions Good understanding and avoidance of operation-related complications are important to guarantee the technical success of TLABS.Immediate conversion to open surgery is necessary for saving the patient's life in case of lifethreatening complications.

  12. Nephron-Sparing Surgery for Adenocarcinoma in a Renal Allograft

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Vázquez Alonso

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The incidence of malignant tumors in recipients of renal allografts is higher than in the general population. Renal cell carcinoma (RCC accounts for 4.6% of the tumors in transplanted patients; of them, only 10% are found in transplanted kidneys. Transplantectomy has always been the usual treatment. However, during the last years, nephron-sparing surgery of the allograft is more frequently done in well-selected cases, and therefore dialysis can be avoided. We report the case of a 37-year-old female patient with renal transplant, diagnosed with a 4.5 cm tumor in the lower pole of the renal allograft. The patient underwent partial nephrectomy successfully. Six years after surgery, there is no evidence of recurrence of the disease and the patient maintains an adequate renal function.

  13. Nephron-Sparing Surgery for Adenocarcinoma in a Renal Allograft

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vázquez Alonso, Fernando; Cardozo Rodríguez, Enrique; Puche Sanz, Ignacio; Flores Martin, Jose Francisco; Molina Hernandez, Jose Miguel; Berrio Campos, Raquel; Vicente Prados, Javier; Medina Benitez, Antonio; Cózar Olmo, Jose Manuel

    2012-01-01

    The incidence of malignant tumors in recipients of renal allografts is higher than in the general population. Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) accounts for 4.6% of the tumors in transplanted patients; of them, only 10% are found in transplanted kidneys. Transplantectomy has always been the usual treatment. However, during the last years, nephron-sparing surgery of the allograft is more frequently done in well-selected cases, and therefore dialysis can be avoided. We report the case of a 37-year-old female patient with renal transplant, diagnosed with a 4.5 cm tumor in the lower pole of the renal allograft. The patient underwent partial nephrectomy successfully. Six years after surgery, there is no evidence of recurrence of the disease and the patient maintains an adequate renal function. PMID:22848857

  14. Computed Tomography Perfusion, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, and Histopathological Findings After Laparoscopic Renal Cryoablation: An In Vivo Pig Model

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Tommy Kjærgaard; Østraat, Øyvind; Graumann, Ole;

    2016-01-01

    The present study investigates how computed tomography perfusion scans and magnetic resonance imaging correlates with the histopathological alterations in renal tissue after cryoablation. A total of 15 pigs were subjected to laparoscopic-assisted cryoablation on both kidneys. After intervention...... with the microscopic examinations revealing of fibrotic scar tissue formation in the peripheral zone of the cryolesion. On T2 magnetic resonance imaging sequences, a thin hypointense rim surrounded the cryolesion, separating it from the adjacent renal parenchyma. Microscopic examinations revealed hemorrhage and later...... of coagulative necrosis 1 week after laparoscopic-assisted cryoablation, which was partially replaced by fibrotic scar tissue 4 weeks following laparoscopic-assisted cryoablation. Both computed tomography perfusion and magnetic resonance imaging found the renal collecting system to be involved at all 3 stages...

  15. Laparoscopic Assisted Surgery for Crohn's Disease an Initial Experience and Results

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    The inflammatory process associated with Crohn's disease often makes dissection difficult, even in open surgery. The aim of this study was to assess the technical feasibility, safety and indication of laparoscopic assisted procedures performed in patients with Crohn's disease. Records of patients undergoing surgical operation for Crohn's disease from 1993 to 1998 at our hospital were reviewed. Intestinal resection was performed laparoscopically in 24 patients (LAP) and by open technique in 23 patients (OPEN). No significant differences existed as to age, gender, body-mass-index and previous surgery. In the laparoscopic group, seven operations (CON) were converted to open laparotomy (29 %) because of large inflammatory mass and/or fistula. The mean intraoperative blood loss was significantly higher in CON- and OPEN-groups than in LAP-group (P<0. 01 ). Major complications occurred only in one patient who underwent laparoscopic assisted high anterior resection. Patients who underwent laparoscopic operation tolerated p.o. liquids sooner than patients who underwent open surgery (median: 2 vs. 5 day, P<0. 05). Compared with the CON- and OPEN-groups, patients in LAP-group had lower analgesic requirements (median: 3 vs. 6 and 5 day, P<0. 01). The median postoperative length of stay was significantly shorter in LAP-group than in OPEN-group (median: 11 vs. 14 day, P<0. 05). Our study showed that LAP is technically feasible for Crohn's disease. The preoperative correct diagnosis and selection of indications are very important, because the laparoscopic mobilization and resection may be difficult or impossible in patients with large fixed masses, multiple complx fistulas, or recurrent Crohn'sdisease.

  16. Advances in laparoscopic urologic surgery techniques [version 1; referees: 3 approved

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haidar M. Abdul-Muhsin

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The last two decades witnessed the inception and exponential implementation of key technological advancements in laparoscopic urology. While some of these technologies thrived and became part of daily practice, others are still hindered by major challenges. This review was conducted through a comprehensive literature search in order to highlight some of the most promising technologies in laparoscopic visualization, augmented reality, and insufflation. Additionally, this review will provide an update regarding the current status of single-site and natural orifice surgery in urology.

  17. Health-related quality of life after laparoscopic and open surgery for rectal cancer in a randomized trial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersson, J; Angenete, E; Gellerstedt, M

    2013-01-01

    Previous studies comparing laparoscopic and open surgical techniques have reported improved health-related quality of life (HRQL). This analysis compared HRQL 12¿months after laparoscopic versus open surgery for rectal cancer in a subset of a randomized trial....

  18. Cirugía laparoscópica en urología Laparoscopic surgery in urology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. I. Pascual

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available La cirugía mínimamente invasiva está presente en el momento actual en todos los estándares de calidad de un servicio quirúrgico. La cirugía laparoscópica, base de esta cirugía de mínima invasión, está revolucionando la enseñanza y el manejo de muchas patologías quirúrgicas. En el ámbito urológico, aunque con un retraso de 5 años con respecto a los países de nuestro entorno, la laparoscopia se ha afianzado como una técnica prevalente en muchos procesos del aparato genito-urinario, siendo actualmente la técnica de elección para el tratamiento quirúrgico de la suprarrenal y afianzándose rápidamente en patologías diversas como tumores renales, prostáticos, estadiaje en enfermedades neoplásicas testiculares, patología quirúrgica benigna y en cirugía reconstructiva. El Servicio de Urología del Hospital de Navarra es pionero en el empleo de este tipo de técnicas desde 1995 y desde 1998 en la llamada cirugía laparoscópica avanzada, siendo referente nacional en alguno de los procedimientos como la adrenalectomía laparoscópica. Actualmente están incorporados en el servicio todos los procedimientos laparoscópicos avanzados en urología, con una curva de aprendizaje superada. Todo ello ha permitido mejorar la atención al paciente, consiguiendo una disminución del dolor postoperatorio, estancia hospitalaria y rápida reincorporación a la actividad laboral con unos resultados oncológicos superponibles a los de la cirugía abierta.At the present time minimally invasive surgery is present in all the standards of quality of a surgical service. Laparoscopic surgery, the basis of this minimally invasive surgery, is revolutionising the teaching and handling of many surgical pathologies. In the urological sphere, although with a delay of 5 years with respect to neighbouring countries, laparoscopy has become established as a prevalent technique in many processes of the urinary-genital apparatus. At present it is the chosen

  19. Safety and feasibility of laparoscopic colo-rectal surgery for cancer at a tertiary center in a developing country: Egypt as an

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anwar Tawfik Amin

    2015-06-01

    Conclusion: Laparoscopic colorectal surgery for cancer in developing countries could be safe and feasible. Safe reuse of disposable expensive parts of some laparoscopic instruments could help in propagation of this technique in developing countries.

  20. Hand-Assisted Laparoscopic Nephrectomy and Auto-Transplantation for a Hilar Renal Artery Aneurysm: A Case Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Min Jung; Lee, Kyo Won; Park, Jae Berm; Kim, Sung Joo

    2017-06-01

    A 52-year-old man was admitted with an incidentally detected right renal artery aneurysm (RAA). Computed tomographic angiography with three-dimensional reconstruction revealed that the aneurysm was 2.2 cm in diameter and located at the renal hilum. We performed hand-assisted laparoscopic nephrectomy with ex vivo repair of the RAA and auto-transplantation with minimal elongation of Gibson incision. The operation and postoperative course were uneventful. At last follow-up, the patient was alive with a well-functioning auto-transplant. Hand-assisted laparoscopic nephrectomy and auto-transplantation is a useful treatment option for hilar RAA.

  1. Superpixel-based structure classification for laparoscopic surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bodenstedt, Sebastian; Görtler, Jochen; Wagner, Martin; Kenngott, Hannes; Müller-Stich, Beat Peter; Dillmann, Rüdiger; Speidel, Stefanie

    2016-03-01

    Minimally-invasive interventions offers multiple benefits for patients, but also entails drawbacks for the surgeon. The goal of context-aware assistance systems is to alleviate some of these difficulties. Localizing and identifying anatomical structures, maligned tissue and surgical instruments through endoscopic image analysis is paramount for an assistance system, making online measurements and augmented reality visualizations possible. Furthermore, such information can be used to assess the progress of an intervention, hereby allowing for a context-aware assistance. In this work, we present an approach for such an analysis. First, a given laparoscopic image is divided into groups of connected pixels, so-called superpixels, using the SEEDS algorithm. The content of a given superpixel is then described using information regarding its color and texture. Using a Random Forest classifier, we determine the class label of each superpixel. We evaluated our approach on a publicly available dataset for laparoscopic instrument detection and achieved a DICE score of 0.69.

  2. Reconstruction, Enhancement, Visualization, and Ergonomic Assessment for Laparoscopic Surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-02-01

    drape and stand rearrangement and time consumption. Given such difficulties, ergonomic factors warrant further analysis to determine if a standard...3. The laparoscope used in this installation is a Stryker 888, a 3- chip CCD camera which only has analog NTSC video outputs. The calibration camera is...analog signal must be digitized, applied to the DLP chip and then displayed) the time difference between the two clocks shown should give the latency of

  3. Evolution of laparoscopic surgery in a high volume hepatobiliary unit: 150 consecutive pure laparoscopic hepatectomies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    López-Ben, Santiago; Ranea, Alejandro; Albiol, M Teresa; Falgueras, Laia; Castro, Ernesto; Casellas, Margarida; Codina-Barreras, Antoni; Figueras, Joan

    2017-05-01

    Compared to other surgical areas, laparoscopic liver resection (LLR) has not been widely implemented and currently less than 20% of hepatectomies are performed laparoscopically worldwide. The aim of our study was to evaluate the feasibility, and the ratio of implementation of LLR in our department. We analyzed a prospectively maintained database of 749 liver resections performed during the last 10-year period in a single centre. A total of 150 (20%) consecutive pure LLR were performed between 2005 and 2015. In 87% of patients the indication was the presence ofprimary or metastatic liver malignancy. We performed 30 major hepatectomies (20%) and (80%) were minor resections, performed in all liver segments. Twelve patients were operated twice and 2 patients underwent a third LLR. The proportion of LLR increased from 12% in 2011 to 62% in the last year. Conversion rate was 9%. Overall morbidity rate was 36% but only one third were classified as severe. The 90-day mortality rate was 1%. Median hospital stay was 4 days and the rate of readmissions was 6%. The implementation of LLR has been fast with morbidity and mortality comparable to other published series. In the last 2 years more than half of the hepatectomies are performed laparoscopically in our centre. Copyright © 2017 AEC. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  4. First Clinical Experience in Urologic Surgery with a Novel Robotic Lightweight Laparoscope Holder

    CERN Document Server

    Long, Jean-Alexandre; Lanchon, Cecilia; Voros, Sandrine; Medici, Maud; Descotes, Jean-Luc; Troccaz, Jocelyne; Cinquin, Philippe; Rambeaud, Jean-Jacques; Moreau-Gaudry, Alexandre

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: To report the feasibility and the safety of a surgeon-controlled robotic endoscope holder in laparoscopic surgery. Materials and methods: From March 2010 to September 2010, 20 patients were enrolled prospectively to undergo a laparoscopic surgery using an innovative robotic endoscope holder. Two surgeons performed 6 adrenalectomies, 4 sacrocolpopexies, 5 pyeloplasties, 4 radical prostatectomies and 1 radical nephrectomy. Demographic data, overall set-up time, operative time, number of assistants needed were reviewed. Surgeon's satisfaction regarding the ergonomics was assessed using a ten point scale. Postoperative clinical outcomes were reviewed at day 1 and 1 month postoperatively. Results: The per-protocol analysis was performed on 17 patients for whom the robot was effectively used for surgery. Median age was 63 years, 10 patients were female (59%). Median BMI was 26.8. Surgical procedures were completed with the robot in 12 cases (71 %). Median number of surgical assistant was 0. Overall set-up ...

  5. Detection serological indicators and evaluation of recovery of laparoscopic inguinal hernia surgery patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yong-Dong Zhang

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To study laparoscopic inguinal hernia surgery patients’ serological indicators and evaluation of recovery.Methods:A total of 116 cases of inguinal hernia patients were brought into the study. The treatment methods were retrospectively analyzed. 60 patients received laparoscopic surgery, 56 patients received conventional open surgery. Two groups of patients’ recovery-related indicators, VAS score, stress level, serum levels of MMP-2, MMP-9, TIMP-2 and TIMP-1, endotoxin and inflammatory mediator levels were compared.Results:1, 3 and 5 days after surgery, observation group of patients’ serum MTL and GAS contents were significantly lower than those of the control group.β-EP and BS levels of patients in the observation group after treatment were lower than those of the patients in the control group, while InS, T-AOC and GH levels were higher than those of patients in the control group, and the serum levels of MMP-2, MMP-9, TIMP-1 and TIMP-2 as well as endotoxin, fibronectin (FN),α1-AT, HMG-B1 and sTREM-1 were lower than those of the patients in the control group.Conclusions: laparoscopic inguinal hernia surgery can promote the recovery of the patients and optimize micro environment-related indicators, thus it is with positive clinical significance.

  6. Compar ison of ultrasound inter ventional and laparoscopic surgeries for ovar ian cyst pediculotorsion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhi-Hui Cai

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To study the wound degree and ovarian function of ultrasound interventional and laparoscopic surgeries for ovarian cyst pediculotorsion. Methods: Patients with ovarian cyst pediculotorsion admitted to Affiliated Hospital of Hebei University from May 2012 to August 2015 were selected. Patients underwent emergency ultrasound interventional operation were allocated into ultrasound intervention group and patients underwent laparoscopic surgery were allocated into laparoscopic group. The patients' conditions of two groups in perioperative period were compared. Before and after operation, the serum contents of total bilirubin, albumin, creatinine, blood urea nitrogen, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-a, interleukin-1b (IL-1b and IL-6 were measured respectively. Serum contents of follicle-stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone and estradiol were measured at 3 months, 6 months and 12 months after operation. Results: The operation time of ultrasound intervention group was shorter (P 0.05. There was no significant difference in the recurrence rate after operation (P > 0.05. There was no significant difference in the serum contents of TNF-a, IL-1b, and IL-6 before and after operation in ultrasound intervention group (P > 0.05. While in laparoscopic group, serum contents of TNF-a, IL-1b and IL-6 after operation were significantly higher than those before operation (P 0.05. Conclusions: Ultrasound interventional surgery has quite the same curative effect as laparoscopic surgery in ovarian cyst pedicle pediculotorsion, which also can reduce the surgical trauma, shorten the operation time and lower the operation cost.

  7. Urology residents training in laparoscopic surgery. Development of a virtual reality model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gutiérrez-Baños, J L; Ballestero-Diego, R; Truan-Cacho, D; Aguilera-Tubet, C; Villanueva-Peña, A; Manuel-Palazuelos, J C

    2015-11-01

    The training and learning of residents in laparoscopic surgery has legal, financial and technological limitations. Simulation is an essential tool in the training of residents as a supplement to their training in laparoscopic surgery. The training should be structured in an appropriate environment, with previously established and clear objectives, taught by professionals with clinical and teaching experience in simulation. The training should be conducted with realistic models using animals and ex-vivo tissue from animals. It is essential to incorporate mechanisms to assess the objectives during the residents' training progress. We present the training model for laparoscopic surgery for urology residents at the University Hospital Valdecilla. The training is conducted at the Virtual Hospital Valdecilla, which is associated with the Center for Medical Simulation in Boston and is accredited by the American College of Surgeons. The model is designed in 3 blocks, basic for R1, intermediate for R2-3 and advanced for R4-5, with 9 training modules. The training is conducted in 4-hour sessions for 4 afternoons, for 3 weeks per year of residence. Residents therefore perform 240 hours of simulated laparoscopic training by the end of the course. For each module, we use structured objective assessments to measure each resident's training progress. Since 2003, 9 urology residents have been trained, in addition to the 5 who are currently in training. The model has undergone changes according to the needs expressed in the student feedback. The acquisition of skills in a virtual reality model has enabled the safe transfer of those skills to actual practice. A laparoscopic surgery training program designed in structured blocks and with progressive complexity provides appropriate training for transferring the skills acquired using this model to an actual scenario while maintaining patient safety. Copyright © 2015 AEU. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  8. Laparoscopic surgery for treatment of incisional lumbar hernia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Tobias-Machado

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To present results obtained with laparoscopic correction of incisional lumbar hernia in patients with minimum follow-up of 1 year. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We prospectively studied 7 patients diagnosed with incisional lumbar hernia after physical examination and computerized tomography. We used laparoscopic transperitoneal access through 3 ports. One polypropylene mesh was introduced in the abdominal cavity and fixed by titanium clamps to the margins of the hernia ring following release of the peritoneum. RESULTS: All cases were successfully completed with no conversion required. Mean surgical time was 120 minutes and discharge from hospital occurred between the 1st and the 2nd postoperative days. There were no intraoperative complications or hernia recurrence in any case. Postoperatively, we had 2 minor complications: one case of seroma that resolved spontaneously after 60 days and one patient presenting lumbar pain that persisted until the 3rd postoperative month. The return to usual activities occurred on average 3 weeks following intervention. Of the 7 patients, 6 were satisfied with the esthetical and functional effect produced by the procedure. CONCLUSIONS: The surgical correction of incisional lumbar hernia by laparoscopic access is an excellent option for a minimally invasive treatment, with adequate long-term results.

  9. [Laparoscopic diagnosis and treatment of early adhesive small bowel obstruction after gynecological surgery].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Timofeev, M E; Breusenko, V G; Shapoval'iants, S G; Fedorov, E D; Larichev, S E; Kretsu, V N

    2015-01-01

    It is presented the results of diagnostic and curative laparoscopic interventions in 33 patients with acute early adhesive small bowel obstruction. Ileus developed after surgical treatment (laparotomy) of different gynecological diseases. Laparoscopy appeared as the most informative diagnostic method to confirm diagnosis in all patients, to estimate state of abdominal cavity and small pelvis organs what can help to determine method of surgical treatment. Contraindications for laparoscopic surgery were identified in 12 (36.4%) patients and conversion to laparotomy was applied in this group. Postoperative complications were diagnosed in 1 (8.3%) patient. 2 (16.6%) patients died. Early adhesive ileus was resolved laparoscopically in 21 (63.6%) of 33 patients. Recurrent acute early adhesive ileus was detected in 1 (4.7%) patient.

  10. Expert opinion on laparoscopic surgery for colorectal cancer parallels evidence from a cumulative meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guillaume Martel

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: This study sought to synthesize survival outcomes from trials of laparoscopic and open colorectal cancer surgery, and to determine whether expert acceptance of this technology in the literature has parallel cumulative survival evidence. STUDY DESIGN: A systematic review of randomized trials was conducted. The primary outcome was survival, and meta-analysis of time-to-event data was conducted. Expert opinion in the literature (published reviews, guidelines, and textbook chapters on the acceptability of laparoscopic colorectal cancer was graded using a 7-point scale. Pooled survival data were correlated in time with accumulating expert opinion scores. RESULTS: A total of 5,800 citations were screened. Of these, 39 publications pertaining to 23 individual trials were retained. As well, 414 reviews were included (28 guidelines, 30 textbook chapters, 20 systematic reviews, 336 narrative reviews. In total, 5,782 patients were randomized to laparoscopic (n = 3,031 and open (n = 2,751 colorectal surgery. Survival data were presented in 16 publications. Laparoscopic surgery was not inferior to open surgery in terms of overall survival (HR = 0.94, 95% CI 0.80, 1.09. Expert opinion in the literature pertaining to the oncologic acceptability of laparoscopic surgery for colon cancer correlated most closely with the publication of large RCTs in 2002-2004. Although increasingly accepted since 2006, laparoscopic surgery for rectal cancer remained controversial. CONCLUSIONS: Laparoscopic surgery for colon cancer is non-inferior to open surgery in terms of overall survival, and has been so since 2004. The majority expert opinion in the literature has considered these two techniques to be equivalent since 2002-2004. Laparoscopic surgery for rectal cancer has been increasingly accepted since 2006, but remains controversial. Knowledge translation efforts in this field appear to have paralleled the accumulation of clinical trial evidence.

  11. Robotic renal surgery: The future or a passing curiosity?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Warren, Jeff; da Silva, Vitor; Caumartin, Yves; Luke, Patrick P.W.

    2009-01-01

    The development, advancement and clinical integration of robotic technology in surgery continue at a staggering pace. In no other discipline has this rapid evolution occurred to a greater degree than in urology. Although radical prostatectomy has grown to become the prototypical application for the robot, the role of the robot in renal surgery remains controversial. Herein we review the literature on robotic renal surgery. A comprehensive PubMed literature search was performed to identify all published reports relating to robotic renal surgery. All clinically related articles involving human participants were critically appraised in this review. Fifty-one clinical articles were included, encompassing robot-assisted pyeloplasty, nephrectomy, nephroureterectomy, living-donor nephrectomy and partial nephrectomy. Feasibility has been shown for each of these procedures. Robot-assisted techniques have been described for almost all renal-related procedures. However, the intersect between feasibility and necessity as it pertains to robotic renal surgery has yet to be defined. Also, the high cost of surgical robotic technology mandates critical appraisal before adoption, especially in a publicly funded health care system, such as the one present in Canada. PMID:19543471

  12. Simultaneous laparoscopic multi-organ resection combined with colorectal cancer: Comparison with non-combined surgery

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hye Jin Kim; Gyu-Seog Choi; Jun Seok Park; Soo Yeun Park; Soo Han Jun

    2012-01-01

    AIM:To access the short-term outcomes of simultaneous laparoscopic surgery combined with resection for synchronous lesions in patients with colorectal cancer.METHODS:Between March 1996 and April 2010 prospectively collected data were reviewed from 93 consecutive patients who had colorectal cancer and underwent simultaneous multiple organ resection (combined group) and 1090 patients who underwent conventional laparoscopic right hemicolectomy or laparoscopic low/anterior resection for colorectal cancer (non-combined group).In the combined group,there were nine gastric resections,three nephrectomies,nine adrenalectomies,56 cholecystectomies,and 21 gynecologic resections.In addition,five patients underwent simultaneous laparoscopic resection for three organs.The patient demographics,intra-operative outcomes,surgical morbidity,and short-term outcomes were compared between the two groups (the combined and non-combined groups).RESULTS:There were no significant differences in the clinicopathological variables between the two groups.The operating time was significantly longer in the combined group than in the non-combined group,regardless of tumor location (laparoscopic right hemicolectomy and laparoscopic low/anterior resection groups; P =0.048 and P < 0.001,respectively).The other intraoperative outcomes,such as the complications and open conversion rate,were similar in both groups.The rate of post-operative morbidity in the combined group was similar to the non-combined group (combined vs non-combined,15.1% vs 13.5%,P =0.667).Oncological safety for the colon and synchronous lesions were obtained in the combined group.CONCLUSION:Simultaneous laparoscopic multiple organ resection combined with colorectal cancer is a safe and feasible option in selected patients.

  13. [Update on the laparoscopic adrenal surgery in the second decade of the century: "doubts no more?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bergamini, C; Prosperi, P; Bruscino, A; Leahu, A; Bargellini, T; Poma, A; Valeri, A

    2010-01-01

    Laparoscopic adrenal surgery has significantly improved during the last years. Thus at the moment it is possible to define such technique as the therapeutic "Gold Standard" option in the treatment of the adrenal tumors. However, some doubts are still remaining concerning the feasibility of laparoscopic adrenalectomy in case of malignant adrenal tumors, hyper-vascular tumors (pheochromocytoma) and indeterminate incidentaloma. This study aimed to review all the literature of the last three years (only article with abstracts) using the criteria of selection of the Cochrane Library, in order to find class I and class II-III studies which are able to surely or, respectively, probably respond to the various questions yet to be answered Two hundred and twelve papers have been selected. The class I studies stated the following evidences: laparoscopic treatment of pheochromocytoma is the Gold Standard too, independently from the dimension; the short term results of laparoscopic anterior and posterior approach are equivalent to those of the lateral one. Doubts still remain concerning the role of laparoscopy in the treatment of metastases, big pheochromocytomas, small size incidentalomas (risk of over-treatement). Nearly no respond has been given to others issues such as "the single port techniques" in laparoscopic adrenalectomy, the role of radiofrequency laparoscopic ablation of the adrenal tumor, the kind of treatment of stadium I and II adrenocortical carcinoma and big size (> 8 cm) tumors, the management of non-functioning incidentaloma of 4-6 cm, the role of the robot, and, finally, the approach of the bilateral tumors. We conclude that, despite many issues on the feasibility and safety of laparoscopy in the adrenal surgery have been definitely clarified, so that such technique has been declared the "Gold Standard" method in the treatment of the adrenal tumor, doubts still remain in some aspects of this method. However, since the researches in this field are proceeding

  14. Cardiovascular and respiratory changes and convalescence in laparoscopic colonic surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schulze, S; Lyng, K M; Bugge, K

    1999-01-01

    Gasless laparoscopy produces smaller cardiopulmonary and systemic changes than carbon dioxide (CO2) laparoscopy during colonic surgery.......Gasless laparoscopy produces smaller cardiopulmonary and systemic changes than carbon dioxide (CO2) laparoscopy during colonic surgery....

  15. Post-operative brachial plexus neuropraxia: A less recognised complication of combined plastic and laparoscopic surgeries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jimmy Thomas

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This presentation is to increase awareness of the potential for brachial plexus injury during prolonged combined plastic surgery procedures. A case of brachial plexus neuropraxia in a 26-year-old obese patient following a prolonged combined plastic surgery procedure was encountered. Nerve palsy due to faulty positioning on the operating table is commonly seen over the elbow and popliteal fossa. However, injury to the brachial plexus has been a recently reported phenomenon due to the increasing number of laparoscopic and robotic procedures. Brachial plexus injury needs to be recognised as a potential complication of prolonged combined plastic surgery. Preventive measures are discussed.

  16. Laparoscopic surgery for treating adnexal masses during the first trimester of pregnancy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucas Minig

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To evaluate the feasibility and safety of laparoscopic surgery for treating adnexal masses during the first trimester of pregnancy. Study Design: An observational study of a prospective collection of data of all pregnant women who underwent laparoscopic surgery for adnexal masses during the first trimester of pregnancy between January 1999 and November 2012 at the Obstetrics and Gynecology Department of the Italian Hospital of Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina was performed. Results: A total of 13 women were included. The median (range gestational age at the moment of surgical procedure was 7 weeks (range: 5-12 weeks. The main indication of surgery was cyst torsion in four cases (30.7% and rupture of ovarian cysts in four cases (30.7%. Other indications included persistent ovarian cyst in three patients (23% and heterotopic pregnancy in two cases (15.3%. Neither surgical complications nor spontaneous abortions occurred in any of the cases and the post-operative period was uneventful in all the cases. No cases of intrauterine growth retardation, preterm delivery, congenital defects, or neonatal complications were registered. Conclusion: The treatment of complicated adnexal masses by laparoscopic surgery during the first trimester of pregnancy appears to be a safe procedure both for the mother and for the foetus. Additional research on a larger number of cases is still needed to support these conclusions.

  17. Muscular workload of veterinary students during simulated open and laparoscopic surgery: A pilot study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kilkenny, Jessica; Larson, Dennis J; MacCormick, Mathew; Brown, Stephen H M; Singh, Ameet

    2017-08-01

    To compare upper extremity muscle activity and workload between simulated open surgery, multiple port laparoscopic surgery (MLS), and single incision laparoscopic surgery (SLS) techniques in veterinary students. Pilot study. Veterinary students (n = 10) from years 1 to 4. Bipolar skin surface electrodes were fixed bilaterally to the forearm flexor, forearm extensor, biceps brachii, triceps brachii, and upper trapezius muscles. Electromyography data were recorded during one repetition of 2 simulated surgical exercises via open surgery, MLS, and SLS. Participants completed a validated workload survey after each simulated surgical technique. Muscle activity and perceived workload were compared between surgical techniques with 1-way ANOVAs and Fisher's LSD post hoc tests. Muscle activity during peg transfer was higher with MLS and SLS compared to simulated open surgery in the right and left forearm extensors (both P < .0001), right (P < .0001) and left biceps (P = .0005), right triceps (P = .0004), and right upper trapezius muscles (P = .0211). Similar results were found for the right and left forearm extensors (both P < .0001), right (P = .0381) and left (P = .0147) forearm flexors, right biceps (P < .0001), and right triceps (P = .0004) during a simulated suture task. Participants found laparoscopic techniques more mentally demanding, physically demanding, complex, and stressful compared to a simulated open surgical technique. In veterinary students, average muscle activity and perceived workload were highest using MLS and SLS compared to an open surgical technique when performing simulated surgical exercises in a laparoscopic box trainer. © 2017 The American College of Veterinary Surgeons.

  18. Visual tracking of da Vinci instruments for laparoscopic surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Speidel, S.; Kuhn, E.; Bodenstedt, S.; Röhl, S.; Kenngott, H.; Müller-Stich, B.; Dillmann, R.

    2014-03-01

    Intraoperative tracking of laparoscopic instruments is a prerequisite to realize further assistance functions. Since endoscopic images are always available, this sensor input can be used to localize the instruments without special devices or robot kinematics. In this paper, we present an image-based markerless 3D tracking of different da Vinci instruments in near real-time without an explicit model. The method is based on different visual cues to segment the instrument tip, calculates a tip point and uses a multiple object particle filter for tracking. The accuracy and robustness is evaluated with in vivo data.

  19. Anaesthesia for laparoscopic surgery: General vs regional anaesthesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sukhminder Jit Singh Bajwa

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The use of laparoscopy has revolutionised the surgical field with its advantages of reduced morbidity with early recovery. Laparoscopic procedures have been traditionally performed under general anaesthesia (GA due to the respiratory changes caused by pneumoperitoneum, which is an integral part of laparoscopy. The precise control of ventilation under controlled conditions in GA has proven it to be ideal for such procedures. However, recently the use of regional anaesthesia (RA has emerged as an alternative choice for laparoscopy. Various reports in the literature suggest the safety of the use of spinal, epidural and combined spinal-epidural anaesthesia in laparoscopic procedures. The advantages of RA can include: Prevention of airway manipulation, an awake and spontaneously breathing patient intraoperatively, minimal nausea and vomiting, effective post-operative analgesia, and early ambulation and recovery. However, RA may be associated with a few side effects such as the requirement of a higher sensory level, more severe hypotension, shoulder discomfort due to diaphragmatic irritation, and respiratory embarrassment caused by pneumoperitoneum. Further studies may be required to establish the advantage of RA over GA for its eventual global use in different patient populations.

  20. Laparoscopic surgery for rectal prolapse and pelvic floor disorders

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Alexander; Rickert; Peter; Kienle

    2015-01-01

    Pelvic floor disorders are different dysfunctions of gynaecological, urinary or anorectal organs, which can present as incontinence, outlet-obstruction and organ prolapse or as a combination of these symptoms. Pelvic floor disorders affect a substantial amount of people,predominantly women. Transabdominal procedures play a major role in the treatment of these disorders. With the development of new techniques established open procedures are now increasingly performed lapa-roscopically. Operation techniques consist of various rectopexies with suture, staples or meshes eventually combined with sigmoid resection. The different approaches need to be measured by their operative and functional outcome and their recurrence rates. Although these operations are performed frequently a comparison and evaluation of the different methods is difficult, as most of the used outcome measures in the available studies have not been standardised and data from randomised studies comparing these outcome measures directly are lacking. Therefore evidence based guidelines do not exist. Currently the laparoscopic approach with ventral mesh rectopexy or resection rectopexy is the two most commonly used techniques. Observational and retrospective studies show good functional results, a low rate of complications and a low recurrence rate. As high quality evidence is missing, an individualized approach is recommend for every patient considering age, individual health status and the underlying morphological and functional disorders.

  1. Anaesthesia for laparoscopic surgery: General vs regional anaesthesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bajwa, Sukhminder Jit Singh; Kulshrestha, Ashish

    2016-01-01

    The use of laparoscopy has revolutionised the surgical field with its advantages of reduced morbidity with early recovery. Laparoscopic procedures have been traditionally performed under general anaesthesia (GA) due to the respiratory changes caused by pneumoperitoneum, which is an integral part of laparoscopy. The precise control of ventilation under controlled conditions in GA has proven it to be ideal for such procedures. However, recently the use of regional anaesthesia (RA) has emerged as an alternative choice for laparoscopy. Various reports in the literature suggest the safety of the use of spinal, epidural and combined spinal-epidural anaesthesia in laparoscopic procedures. The advantages of RA can include: Prevention of airway manipulation, an awake and spontaneously breathing patient intraoperatively, minimal nausea and vomiting, effective post-operative analgesia, and early ambulation and recovery. However, RA may be associated with a few side effects such as the requirement of a higher sensory level, more severe hypotension, shoulder discomfort due to diaphragmatic irritation, and respiratory embarrassment caused by pneumoperitoneum. Further studies may be required to establish the advantage of RA over GA for its eventual global use in different patient populations. PMID:26917912

  2. Renal dysplasia with single system ectopic ureter: Diagnosis using magnetic resonance urography and management with laparoscopic nephroureterectomy in pediatric age

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milind Joshi

    2009-01-01

    Conclusion : Single system ectopic ureter associated with congenital renal dysplasia is exceedingly rare. MRU is definitely the better investigation for the diagnosis of this condition as compared to the conventional radiological investigations. Laparoscopic nephroureterectomy is a very good procedure for the management of these cases.

  3. Renal dysplasia with single system ectopic ureter: Diagnosis using magnetic resonance urography and management with laparoscopic nephroureterectomy in pediatric age

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joshi, Milind; Parelkar, Sandesh; Shah, Heemanshi

    2009-01-01

    Single system ureteral ectopia and associated congenital dysplastic kidney is surgically curable etiology of incontinence with other wise normal pattern of voiding in female child. We share our experience of eight cases in last one year and its management with laparoscopic nephroureterectomy at a tertiary care hospital in India which is one of the largest series in such a short duration of this rare anomaly. Materials and Methods: Patients presented with clinical features of continence with otherwise normal pattern of voiding were clinically examined and investigated by ultrasound (USG), nuclear renal scan, magnetic resonance urography (MRU). Laparoscopic nephroureterectomy was done in all the eight cases and renal dysplasia was confirmed on histological examination. Results: All the patients were females in the age group of five months to five years. USG detected the renal dysplasia in three out of eight cases; however, it could not detect the course of the ectopic ureter in any of the cases. MRU picked up the dysplastic moieties and their location as well as functional status and also depicted the course of the ectopic ureter opening into the vaginal wall in all the eight cases. Laparoscopic nephroureterectomy was done in all the cases and patients were cured off their symptoms. Conclusion: Single system ectopic ureter associated with congenital renal dysplasia is exceedingly rare. MRU is definitely the better investigation for the diagnosis of this condition as compared to the conventional radiological investigations. Laparoscopic nephroureterectomy is a very good procedure for the management of these cases. PMID:19955670

  4. A Qualitative Assessment of Human Cadavers Embalmed by Thiel's Method Used in Laparoscopic Training for Renal Resection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rai, Bhavan Prasad; Tang, Benjie; Eisma, Roos; Soames, Roger W.; Wen, Haitao; Nabi, Ghulam

    2012-01-01

    Human cadaveric tissue is the fundamental substrate for basic anatomic and surgical skills training. A qualitative assessment of the use of human cadavers preserved by Thiel's method for a British Association of Urological Surgeons--approved, advanced laparoscopic renal resection skills training course is described in the present study. Four…

  5. Laparoscopic microwave ablation and enucleation of small renal masses: preliminary experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muto, Giovanni; Castelli, Emanuele; Migliari, Roberto; D'Urso, Leonardo; Coppola, Pietro; Collura, Devis

    2011-07-01

    Advancements in imaging and laparoscopy have led to the expansion of minimally invasive techniques in the ablation of small renal masses (SRMs). We report the results of a study aimed at assessing the efficacy of thermoablative microwave (MW) effects on SRMs and the haemostatic as well as necrotic MW effects on the parenchyma surrounding the neoplasm. From November 2008 to October 2010, 10 patients with SRMs underwent laparoscopy-guided Tru-Cut biopsy, MW tumour ablation, and enucleation. Mean age was 66 yr (range: 46-84 yr). Mean renal tumour diameter was 2.75 cm (range: 1.3-4.2 cm). MW antennas were applied one to three times depending on tumour volume, location, and shape. After MW thermoablation, laparoscopic enucleation was performed to evaluate the histopathologic and haemostatic effects of MW. The mean MW antenna application time was 14.1 min (range: 4-30 min). Enucleation did not require renal pedicle clamping in any of the cases because no significant bleeding took place. Preablation pathology revealed clear cell renal carcinoma of Fuhrman grade I-II in all cases. Postablation pathology showed extensive coagulative necrosis without skipped tumour areas. No intra- or postoperative complications were reported. Histopathologic effects on SRMs provide consistent proof of principle for future studies.

  6. Is expertise in pediatric surgery necessary to perform laparoscopic splenectomy in children? An experience from a department of general surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guaglio, Marcello; Romano, Fabrizio; Garancini, Mattia; Degrate, Luca; Luperto, Margherita; Uggeri, Fabio; Scotti, Mauro; Uggeri, Franco

    2012-06-01

    Splenectomy is frequently required in children for various hematologic pathologic findings. Because of progress in minimally invasive techniques, laparoscopic splenectomy (LS) has become feasible. The objective of this report is to present a monocentric experience and to evaluate the efficacy of and complications observed after laparoscopic splenic procedures in a department of general surgery. 57 consecutive LSs have been performed in a pediatric population between January 2000 and October 2010. There were 33 females and 24 males with a median age of 12 years (range 4-17). Indications were: hereditary spherocytosis 38 cases, idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura 10, sickle cell disease (SCD) 6, thrombocytopenic thrombotic purpura 2 and non-hodgkin lymphoma 1 case. Patients were operated on using right semilateral position, employing Atlas Ligasure vessel sealing system in 49 cases (86%) and Harmonic Scalpel + EndoGIA in 8. In 24 patients (42.1%), a cholecystectomy was associated. Two patients required conversion to open splenectomy (3.5%). In three cases, a minilaparotomy was performed for spleen removal (5.2%). Accessory spleens were identified in three patients (5.2%). Complications (8.8%) included bleeding (two), abdominal collection (one) and pleural effusion (two). There was no mortality. Average operative time was 128 min (range 80-220). Average length of stay was 3 days (range 2-7). Mean blood loss was 80 ml (range 30-500) with a transfusion rate of 1.7% (one patient). Laparoscopic spleen surgery is safe, reliable and effective in the pediatric population with hematologic disorders and is associated with minimal morbidity, zero mortality, and a short length of stay. Ligasure vessel sealing system shortened operative time and blood loss. On the basis of the results, we consider laparoscopic approach the gold standard for the treatment of these patients even in a department of general surgery.

  7. Robot-assisted Versus Laparoscopic Surgery for Rectal Cancer: A Phase II Open Label Prospective Randomized Controlled Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Min Jung; Park, Sung Chan; Park, Ji Won; Chang, Hee Jin; Kim, Dae Yong; Nam, Byung-Ho; Sohn, Dae Kyung; Oh, Jae Hwan

    2017-05-25

    The phase II randomized controlled trial aimed to compare the outcomes of robot-assisted surgery with those of laparoscopic surgery in the patients with rectal cancer. The feasibility of robot-assisted surgery over laparoscopic surgery for rectal cancer has not been established yet. Between February 21, 2012 and March 11, 2015, patients with rectal cancer (cT1-3NxM0) were enrolled. Patients were randomized 1:1 to either robot-assisted or laparoscopic surgery, and stratified per sex and administration of preoperative chemoradiotherapy. The primary outcome was the quality of total mesorectal excision (TME) specimen. Secondary outcomes were the circumferential and distal resection margins, the number of harvested lymph nodes, morbidity, bowel function recovery, and quality of life. A total of 163 patients were randomly assigned to the robot-assisted (n = 81) and laparoscopic (n = 82) surgery groups, and 139 patients were eligible for the analyses (73 vs 66, respectively). One patient (1.2%) in the robot-assisted group was converted to open surgery. The TME quality did not differ between the robot-assisted and laparoscopic groups (80.3% vs 78.1% complete TME, respectively; 18.2% vs 21.9% nearly complete TME, respectively; P = 0.599). The resection margins, number of harvested lymph nodes, morbidity, and bowel function recovery also were not significantly different. On analyzing quality of life, scores of the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life (EORTC QLQ C30) and EORTC QLQ CR38 were similar in the 2 groups, but in the EORTC QLQ CR 38 questionnaire, sexual function 12 months postoperatively was better in the robot-assisted group than in the laparoscopic group (P = 0.03). Robot-assisted surgery in rectal cancer showed TME quality comparable with that of laparoscopic surgery, and it demonstrated similar postoperative morbidity, bowel function recovery, and quality of life.

  8. Postoperative pain after cholecystectomy: Conventional laparoscopy versus single-incision laparoscopic surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prasad A

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: This study was undertaken to compare the postoperative pain after cholecystectomy done by single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS versus conventional four-port laparoscopy [conventional laparoscopic surgery (CLS]. SILS is a feasible and a promising method for cholecystectomy. It is possible to do this procedure without the use of special equipments. While there are cosmetic advantages to SILS, it is not clear whether or not the pain is also reduced. Methods: Patients undergoing cholecystectomy for symptomatic gallstones were offered the choice of the two methods and the first 100 consecutive patients from each group were included in this observational study. Only conventional instruments were used to keep the cost of surgery comparable. Pain scores were checked 8 hours after the surgery using visual analogue score. Student′s t test was done to check the statistical significance. Results: We observed no significant difference in the pain score between the CLS and SILS (2.78 versus 2.62. The operative time (OT was significantly lower in the CLS group (28 versus 67 minutes. Comparing the OTs of the first 50 patients undergoing SILS with the second 50 patients showed a significantly lower OT (79 versus 54 minutes. We also compared the pain score between these three groups. The second half of SILS group had a significantly lower pain score compared to the first half (2.58 versus 2.84. This group also had a lower pain score compared to conventional laparoscopy group but the difference was not statistically significant (2.58 versus 2.78. Conclusion: Although there was no significant difference in the overall postoperative pain as OT decreases with surgeon′s experience in single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy, postoperative pain at 8 hours appears to favour this method over conventional laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

  9. The effects of sevoflurane and propofol anesthesia on cerebral oxygenation in gynecological laparoscopic surgery

    OpenAIRE

    Kim, Sung-Jin; Kwon, Jae Young; Cho, Ah-Reum; Kim, Hae Kyu; Kim, Tae Kyun

    2011-01-01

    Background Both the Trendelenburg position and pneumoperitoneum with carbon dioxide have been reported to increase intracranial pressure (ICP) and to alter cerebral blood flow or cerebral blood volume. Also anesthetic agents have variable effects on cerebral hemodynamics and ICP. The present study was conducted to determine whether regional cerebral oxygen saturation (rSO2) values differ between propofol and sevoflurane anesthesia during laparoscopic surgery in the Trendelenburg position. Met...

  10. Urinary retention following laparoscopic gynaecological surgery with or without 4% icodextrin anti-adhesion solution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nesbitt-Hawes, Erin M; Zhang, Christine S; Won, Ha Ryun; Law, Kenneth; Abbott, Jason A

    2013-06-01

    Urinary retention is a recognised complication of laparoscopic surgery. Previous work showed an association with 4% icodextrin solution and urinary retention. To determine the incidence of urinary retention following laparoscopic gynaecological surgery with or without the use of 4% icodextrin. A prospective observational study of 147 women undergoing laparoscopic gynaecological surgery for benign pathology. Women had their planned laparoscopic procedure and either received icodextrin solution or nothing as determined by their treating surgeon at the time of the operation. From May 2011 to February 2012, 147 women were approached to participate in the study; of whom, 124 women were included: 62 received icodextrin and 62 did not. The women in the non-icodextrin group were significantly older (P = 0.007) and had a higher BMI (P = 0.03) than those in the icodextrin group. Following surgery, 27/124 (21.8%) women had post-operative urinary retention. Icodextrin was associated with significantly more urinary retention (P = 0.017), but did not extend hospital admission significantly (P = 0.14). The administration of icodextrin was associated with resection of moderate- or severe-stage endometriosis involving multiple surgical sites, whereas women in the non-icodextrin group were more likely to be having a hysterectomy. In this non-randomised study, there were significantly more women with post-operative urinary retention when icodextrin was used; however, this did not contribute to an extended hospital admission. While there may be confounding factors, women receiving icodextrin should be warned of the possibility of urinary retention post-operatively, but that this is unlikely to affect their stay in hospital. © 2013 The Authors ANZJOG © 2013 The Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists.

  11. Preoperative Risk Factors for Conversion of Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy to Open Surgery - A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Observational Studies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Philip Rothman, Josephine; Burcharth, Jakob; Pommergaard, Hans-Christian;

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Preoperative risk factors for the conversion of laparoscopic cholecystectomy to open surgery have been identified, but never been explored systematically. Our objective was to systematically present the evidence of preoperative risk factors for conversion of laparoscopic cholecystecto...... cholecystitis were risk factors for the conversion of laparoscopic cholecystectomy to open surgery. Furthermore, there was no association between diabetes mellitus or white blood cell count and conversion to open surgery....

  12. Comparative assessment of physical and cognitive ergonomics associated with robotic and traditional laparoscopic surgeries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Gyusung I; Lee, Mija R; Clanton, Tameka; Clanton, Tamera; Sutton, Erica; Park, Adrian E; Marohn, Michael R

    2014-02-01

    We conducted this study to investigate how physical and cognitive ergonomic workloads would differ between robotic and laparoscopic surgeries and whether any ergonomic differences would be related to surgeons' robotic surgery skill level. Our hypothesis is that the unique features in robotic surgery will demonstrate skill-related results both in substantially less physical and cognitive workload and uncompromised task performance. Thirteen MIS surgeons were recruited for this institutional review board-approved study and divided into three groups based on their robotic surgery experiences: laparoscopy experts with no robotic experience, novices with no or little robotic experience, and robotic experts. Each participant performed six surgical training tasks using traditional laparoscopy and robotic surgery. Physical workload was assessed by using surface electromyography from eight muscles (biceps, triceps, deltoid, trapezius, flexor carpi ulnaris, extensor digitorum, thenar compartment, and erector spinae). Mental workload assessment was conducted using the NASA-TLX. The cumulative muscular workload (CMW) from the biceps and the flexor carpi ulnaris with robotic surgery was significantly lower than with laparoscopy (p  0.05). Robotic surgery experts and novices had significantly higher performance scores with robotic surgery than with laparoscopy (p cognitive ergonomics with robotic surgery were significantly less challenging. Additionally, several ergonomic components were skill-related. Robotic experts could benefit the most from the ergonomic advantages in robotic surgery. These results emphasize the need for well-structured training and well-defined ergonomics guidelines to maximize the benefits utilizing the robotic surgery.

  13. Effect of laparoscopic surgery on inflammatory factors and immunoglobulin in patients with endometriosis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Feng Li; Xiao-Na Zhou; Xiao-Dan He

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the effect of laparoscopic surgery on inflammatory factors and immunoglobulin in patients with endometriosis.Methods:A total of 84 endometriosis patients were divided into observation group (42 cases) and control group (42 cases). The observation group patients were undergone laparoscopic surgery, and the control group patients were undergone laparotomy. The inflammatory factors (CRP, IL-6, TNF-α) and immunoglobulin (IgM, IgG, IgA) were tested and compared before and after treatment in two groups.Results:The two groups inflammatory factors (CRP, IL-6, TNF-α) levels increased significantly after operation, and the control group increased more significantly than in the observation group; There was no significant difference on IgM and IgA after operation in two groups, IgG reduced significantly after treatment, and the control group increased more significantly than in observation group.Conclusion: Laparoscopic surgery has little effect on the inflammatory response and immune function in patients with endometriosis.

  14. Pico Lantern: a pick-up projector for augmented reality in laparoscopic surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edgcumbe, Philip; Pratt, Philip; Yang, Guang-Zhong; Nguan, Chris; Rohling, Rob

    2014-01-01

    The Pico Lantern is proposed as a new tool for guidance in laparoscopic surgery. Its miniaturized design allows it to be picked up by a laparoscopic tool during surgery and tracked directly by the endoscope. By using laser projection, different patterns and annotations can be projected onto the tissue surface. The first explored application is surface reconstruction. The absolute error for surface reconstruction using stereo endoscopy and untracked Pico Lantern for a plane, cylinder and ex vivo kidney is 2.0 mm, 3.0 mm and 5.6 mm respectively. The absolute error using a mono endoscope and a tracked Pico Lantern for the same plane, cylinder and kidney is 0.8mm, 0.3mm and 1.5mm respectively. The results show the benefit of the wider baseline produced by tracking the Pico Lantern. Pulsatile motion of a human carotid artery is also detected in vivo. Future work will be done on the integration into standard and robot-assisted laparoscopic surgery.

  15. Use of natural user interfaces for image navigation during laparoscopic surgery: initial experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sánchez-Margallo, Francisco M; Sánchez-Margallo, Juan A; Moyano-Cuevas, José L; Pérez, Eva María; Maestre, Juan

    2017-03-28

    Surgical environments require special aseptic conditions for direct interaction with the preoperative images. We aim to test the feasibility of using a set of gesture control sensors combined with voice control to interact in a sterile manner with preoperative information and an integrated operating room (OR) during laparoscopic surgery. Two hepatectomies and two partial nephrectomies were performed by three experienced surgeons in a porcine model. The Kinect, Leap Motion, and MYO armband in combination with voice control were used as natural user interfaces (NUIs). After surgery, surgeons completed a questionnaire about their experience. Surgeons required <10 min training with each NUI. They stated that NUIs improved the access to preoperative patient information and kept them more focused on the surgical site. The Kinect system was reported as the most physically demanding NUI and the MYO armband in combination with voice commands as the most intuitive and accurate. The need to release one of the laparoscopic instruments in order to use the NUIs was identified as the main limitation. The presented NUIs are feasible to directly interact in a more intuitive and sterile manner with the preoperative images and the integrated OR functionalities during laparoscopic surgery.

  16. Human error identification for laparoscopic surgery: Development of a motion economy perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Hakim, Latif; Sevdalis, Nick; Maiping, Tanaphon; Watanachote, Damrongpan; Sengupta, Shomik; Dissaranan, Charuspong

    2015-09-01

    This study postulates that traditional human error identification techniques fail to consider motion economy principles and, accordingly, their applicability in operating theatres may be limited. This study addresses this gap in the literature with a dual aim. First, it identifies the principles of motion economy that suit the operative environment and second, it develops a new error mode taxonomy for human error identification techniques which recognises motion economy deficiencies affecting the performance of surgeons and predisposing them to errors. A total of 30 principles of motion economy were developed and categorised into five areas. A hierarchical task analysis was used to break down main tasks of a urological laparoscopic surgery (hand-assisted laparoscopic nephrectomy) to their elements and the new taxonomy was used to identify errors and their root causes resulting from violation of motion economy principles. The approach was prospectively tested in 12 observed laparoscopic surgeries performed by 5 experienced surgeons. A total of 86 errors were identified and linked to the motion economy deficiencies. Results indicate the developed methodology is promising. Our methodology allows error prevention in surgery and the developed set of motion economy principles could be useful for training surgeons on motion economy principles. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd and The Ergonomics Society. All rights reserved.

  17. Computer simulation for ergonomic improvements in laparoscopic surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marcos, Patricia; Seitz, T; Bubb, H; Wichert, A; Feussner, H

    2006-05-01

    It is the aim of this study to reduce the stress and strain of the medical staff during laparoscopic operations, and, simultaneously, to increase the safety and efficiency of an integrated operation room (OR) by an ergonomic redesign. This was attempted by a computer simulation approach using free modelling of the OR and 3D human models (manikins). After defining ergonomically "ideal" postures, optimal solutions for key elements of an ergonomic design of the OR (position and height of the image displays, height of the OR table and the Mayo stand) could be evaluated with special regard to the different individual body size of each member of the team. These data should be useful for the development of team adapted, user friendly integrated OR suites of the future.

  18. Automated branching pattern report generation for laparoscopic surgery assistance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oda, Masahiro; Matsuzaki, Tetsuro; Hayashi, Yuichiro; Kitasaka, Takayuki; Misawa, Kazunari; Mori, Kensaku

    2015-05-01

    This paper presents a method for generating branching pattern reports of abdominal blood vessels for laparoscopic gastrectomy. In gastrectomy, it is very important to understand branching structure of abdominal arteries and veins, which feed and drain specific abdominal organs including the stomach, the liver and the pancreas. In the real clinical stage, a surgeon creates a diagnostic report of the patient anatomy. This report summarizes the branching patterns of the blood vessels related to the stomach. The surgeon decides actual operative procedure. This paper shows an automated method to generate a branching pattern report for abdominal blood vessels based on automated anatomical labeling. The report contains 3D rendering showing important blood vessels and descriptions of branching patterns of each vessel. We have applied this method for fifty cases of 3D abdominal CT scans and confirmed the proposed method can automatically generate branching pattern reports of abdominal arteries.

  19. Pico Lantern: Surface reconstruction and augmented reality in laparoscopic surgery using a pick-up laser projector.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edgcumbe, Philip; Pratt, Philip; Yang, Guang-Zhong; Nguan, Christopher; Rohling, Robert

    2015-10-01

    The Pico Lantern is a miniature projector developed for structured light surface reconstruction, augmented reality and guidance in laparoscopic surgery. During surgery it will be dropped into the patient and picked up by a laparoscopic tool. While inside the patient it projects a known coded pattern and images onto the surface of the tissue. The Pico Lantern is visually tracked in the laparoscope's field of view for the purpose of stereo triangulation between it and the laparoscope. In this paper, the first application is surface reconstruction. Using a stereo laparoscope and an untracked Pico Lantern, the absolute error for surface reconstruction for a plane, cylinder and ex vivo kidney, is 2.0 mm, 3.0 mm and 5.6 mm, respectively. Using a mono laparoscope and a tracked Pico Lantern for the same plane, cylinder and kidney the absolute error is 1.4 mm, 1.5 mm and 1.5 mm, respectively. These results confirm the benefit of the wider baseline produced by tracking the Pico Lantern. Virtual viewpoint images are generated from the kidney surface data and an in vivo proof-of-concept porcine trial is reported. Surface reconstruction of the neck of a volunteer shows that the pulsatile motion of the tissue overlying a major blood vessel can be detected and displayed in vivo. Future work will integrate the Pico Lantern into standard and robot-assisted laparoscopic surgery.

  20. Laparoscopic colonic resection in inflammatory bowel disease: minimal surgery, minimal access and minimal hospital stay.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Boyle, E

    2008-11-01

    Laparoscopic surgery for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is technically demanding but can offer improved short-term outcomes. The introduction of minimally invasive surgery (MIS) as the default operative approach for IBD, however, may have inherent learning curve-associated disadvantages. We hypothesise that the establishment of MIS as the standard operative approach does not increase patient morbidity as assessed in the initial period of its introduction into a specialised unit, and that it confers earlier postoperative gastrointestinal recovery and reduced hospitalisation compared with conventional open resection.

  1. [The first experiences with colorectal laparoscopic surgery in Spain. Valencia, November 1991].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cuesta, Miguel A; Alonso-Poza, Alfredo; Planells-Roig, Manuel; García-Espinosa, Rafael; Rodero-Rodero, David

    2016-04-01

    The development of laparoscopic colon surgery in Spain has spread quickly since its beginnings at the end of 1991. Colorectal Minimally Invasive Surgery is widely implemented and has changed the way we treat our patients, specially due to the short-term advantages such as lower morbidity with a better quality of life with the same oncological outcomes in the long term. A huge number of Spanish surgeons have contributed to the implementation of techniques and spreading the knowledge of these concepts by means of courses, controlled randomized studies, scientific papers, and books, and have obtained international recognition.

  2. Laparoscopic conservative surgery of colovesical fistula: is it the right way?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giovanni, Cochetti; Emanuele, Cottini; Roberto, Cirocchi; Alberto, Pansadoro; Emanuele, Lepri; Alessia, Corsi; Francesco, Barillaro; Ettore, Mearini

    2013-06-01

    Enterovesical fistula is a rare disease. The standard treatment of colovesical fistula is removal of the fistula, suture of the bladder wall, and colic resection with or without temporary colostomy. The usual approach is open because the laparoscopic one has high conversion rates and morbidity. We report the first laparoscopic conservative treatment of colovesical fistula in our knowledge and its long-term results. A 69-year-old man was affected by colovesical fistula due to endoscopic exeresis of a 2 cm adenomatous polyp in the sigmoid diverticulum. We performed a laparoscopic conservative treatment of the fistula without colic resection. Operative time was 210 min and estimated blood loss was 300 ml. The catheter was removed after 10 days. Time to first flatus was 2 days and the hospital stay was 8 days. No peri- or post-operative complications occurred. At 48-month follow-up fistula did not recur. Laparoscopic conservative surgery for colovesical fistula is safe and feasible. It could be a therapeutic option in selected cases, especially if diverticular disease and inflammation are slight.

  3. Hand-assisted laparoscopic surgery for complex gallstone disease: A report of five cases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Qi Wei; Lai-Gen Shen; He-Ming Zheng

    2005-01-01

    AIM: To describe the use of hand-assisted laparoscopic surg-ery (HALS) as an alternative to open conversion for complex gall-stone diseases, including Mirizzi syndrome (MS) and mimic MS.METHODS: Five patients with MS and mimic MS of 232 consecutive patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomies were analyzed. HALS without a hand-port device was performed as an alternative to open conversion if the anatomy was still unclear after the neck of the gallbladder was reached.RESULTS: HALS was performed on three patients with MS type Ⅰ and 2 with mimic MS owing to an undear or abnormal anatomy, or an unusual circumstance in which an impacted stone was squeezed out from the infundibulum or the aberrant cystic duct impossible with laparoscopic approach. The median operative time was 165 min (range, 115-190 min). The median hand-assisted time was 75 min (range, 65-100 min). The median postoperative stay was 4 d (range, 3-5 d). The postoperative course was uneventful, except for 1 patient complicated with a minor incision infection. CONCLUSION: HALS for MS type Ⅰ and mimic MS is safe and feasible. It simplifies laparoscopic procedure, and can be used as an alternative to open conversion for complex gallstone diseases.

  4. Laparoscopic Non-clamping Tumor Enucleation of Renal Hilum Schwannoma in a Single Kidney: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fuminari Hanashima

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available A 56-year-old woman underwent laparoscopic right nephrectomy due to pyonephrosis associated with right ureteral stones. Moreover, the patient developed a brain stem hemorrhage and became bedridden. At the time of nephrectomy, a renal tumor, with a size of 24 × 24 × 20 mm, was observed in the left renal hilum; the tumor did not show contrast enhancement on computed tomography. After 3 years, the tumor gradually grew to a size of 45 × 35 × 34 mm, and therefore, laparoscopic non-clamping tumor enucleation was performed. Pathological examination confirmed a diagnosis of renal schwannoma.

  5. A Rare Complication of the Treatment of Simple Renal Cysts: Nephrostomy Catheter Breakage after Alcohol Treatment and Laparoscopic Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barbaros Başeskioğlu

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The prevalence of simple renal cysts increases with age. Simple renal cyst aspiration and sclerotherapy with percutaneous nephrostomy catheter is frequently used in urological practice. This method can be applied under local anesthesia and various complications of this method have been reported. In this paper, we report an unusual complication of this method; the distal part of the nephrostomy catheter had separated after renal cyst aspiration and laparoscopic procedure was used to remove the end part of the catheter which remained within the cyst wall in the pararenal area.

  6. Laparoscopic radical nephrectomy versus open radical nephrectomy in T1-T3 renal tumors: An outcome analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arvind P Ganpule

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Aims: To compare laparoscopic radical nephrectomy (LRN with open radical nephrectomy (ORN in T1-T3 renal lesions. Materials and Methods: The records of 65 patients who underwent LRN between January 2002 and December 2006 were entered prospectively in a database. The patients were compared with 56 patients who had undergone ORN between January 2000 and December 2005. The two groups were comparable in terms of age, body mass index (BMI and tumor size. LRN was compared with ORN in terms of operative room time, blood loss, complications , analgesic requirement, hospital stay and start of oral intake. The oncologic efficacy was evaluated in stages T1 and T2 in terms of cancer-free and overall survival. Results: The laparoscopy group had a significantly shorter hospital stay (5.72, range 3-23 days vs. 9.18, range 4-23 days, p value: < 0.0001, analgesia requirement (175.65, range 50-550 mg vs. 236, range 0-1100 mg of tramadol, p value: < 0.03, hemoglobin decline (1.55, range 0.1 to 4.4 mg/dl vs. 2.25, range 0.2 - 7 mg/dL, p value: < 0.001 and hematocrit drop (4.83, range 0.3 - 12.9 vs. 7.06 range 2 -18, p value: < 0.0001. The majority of specimens showed renal cell carcinoma. In the laparoscopy group, 29 tumors were T1 stage, 18 were T2, while eight were T3. In the open surgery group, 25 tumors were T1, 19 were T2 and 12 were T3. The cancer-free survival rate at 24 months for ORN and LRN in T1 lesions was 91.7% and 93.15% respectively and the patient survival rate was 100% in both groups. The cancer-free survival rate at 24 months for ORN and LRN in T2 lesions was 88.9% and 94.1%, respectively and the patient survival was 100% and 94%, respectively. After LRN, there was one instance of port site metastasis, local recurrence and distant metastasis. All recurrences were distant after ORN. Conclusion: Laparoscopic radical nephrectomy has advantages in terms of shorter hospitalization and a lower analgesia requirement. It is feasible and produces effective

  7. Laparoscopic single port surgery in children using Triport: our early experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Armas, Ismael A Salas; Garcia, Isabella; Pimpalwar, Ashwin

    2011-09-01

    Laparoscopy has become the gold standard technique for appendectomy and cholecystectomy. With the emergence of newer laparoscopic instruments which are roticulating and provide 7 degrees of freedom it is now possible to perform these operations through a single umbilical incision rather than the standard 3-4 incisions and thus lead to more desirable cosmetic results and less postoperative pain. The newer reticulating telescopes provide excellent exposure of the operating field and allow the operations to proceed routinely. Recently, ports [Triports (Olympus surgery)/SILS ports] especially designed for single incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) have been developed. We herein describe our experience with laparoscopic single port appendectomies and cholecystectomies in children using the Triport. This is a retrospective cohort study of children who underwent single incision laparoscopic surgery between May 2009 and August 2010 at Texas Children's Hospital and Ben Taub General Hospital in Houston Texas by a single surgeon. Charts were reviewed for demographics, type of procedure, operative time, early or late complications, outcome and cosmetic results. Fifty-four patients underwent SILS. A total of 50 appendectomies (early or perforated) and 4 cholecystectomies were performed using this new minimally invasive approach. The average operative time for SILS/LESS appendectomy was 54 min with a range between 25 and 205 min, while operative time for SILS cholecystectomy was 156 min with a range of 75-196 min. Only small percentage (4%) of appendectomies (mostly complicated) were converted to standard laparoscopy, but none were converted to open procedure. All patients were followed up in the clinic after 3-4 weeks. No complications were noted and all patients had excellent cosmetic results. Parents were extremely satisfied with the cosmetic results. SILS/LESS is a safe, minimally invasive approach for appendectomy and cholecystectomy in children. This new approach is

  8. Laparoscopic and thoracoscopic surgery in infancy and childhood, the Münster/Gent experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schaarschmidt, K; Kerremanns, I; Schleef, J; Förster, R; Pattyn, P; Stratmann, U; Willital, G H; Scheld, H H

    1996-03-01

    Laparoscopic and thoracoscopic surgery have had a tremendous impact on adult surgery, but are still rarely used in children. In the past 3 years 168 children have been treated endoscopically in the three cooperating institutions. The course of all patients was documented prospectively in order to determine the value and prove the safety of endoscopic surgery in children. The operations performed endoscopically comprised appendectomy (n = 39), diagnostic procedures (24), adhesiolysis (n = 22), cholecystectomy (n = 13), bowel resection (n = 8), pyloromyotomy (n = 6), ovarial resection (n = 6), hiatus hernia repair (n = 22), splenectomy (n = 6), first stage of Fowler-Stephens operation for kryptorchidism (n = 3) and interruption of persistent botallic ducts (n = 6) in preterm infants. Apart from four wound infections (2.4%) following perforated appendicitis, one of which required laparotomy for perityphlitic abscess there were no serious complications. No patient died, and overall morbidity related to the procedure was 1.8% (i.e. incidence of uneventful minor intraoperative complications). Furthermore endoscopic surgery provides a better diagnostic survey of the abdomen or thorax so that missing of secondary pathology is unlikely. Pain and reflectory impairment of bowel-function or respiration were diminished, the aesthetic results were excellent and hospitalization could be reduced to a minimum. It is concluded that laparoscopic and thoracoscopic surgery are safe and reliable procedures for children and yield very encouraging results.

  9. Renal protection in cardiovascular surgery [version 1; referees: 2 approved

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nora Di Tomasso

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Acute kidney injury (AKI is one of the most relevant complications after major surgery and is a predictor of mortality. In Western countries, patients at risk of developing AKI are mainly those undergoing cardiovascular surgical procedures. In this category of patients, AKI depends on a multifactorial etiology, including low ejection fraction, use of contrast media, hemodynamic instability, cardiopulmonary bypass, and bleeding. Despite a growing body of literature, the treatment of renal failure remains mainly supportive (e.g. hemodynamic stability, fluid management, and avoidance of further damage; therefore, the management of patients at risk of AKI should aim at prevention of renal damage. Thus, the present narrative review analyzes the pathophysiology underlying AKI (specifically in high-risk patients, the preoperative risk factors that predispose to renal damage, early biomarkers related to AKI, and the strategies employed for perioperative renal protection. The most recent scientific evidence has been considered, and whenever conflicting data were encountered possible suggestions are provided.

  10. Renal Function Recovery after Nephrectomy or Nephron-Sparing Surgery in Children with Unilateral Renal Tumor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cozzi, Denis A; Ceccanti, Silvia; Cozzi, Francesco

    2017-02-01

    Introduction Children with unilateral renal tumor (URT) and preoperative renal dysfunction (PRD) may benefit from nephron-sparing surgery (NSS). To test this hypothesis, we studied the outcome of baseline renal function after nephrectomy or NSS among children with URT. Materials and Methods Retrospective records review of children with URT who underwent nephrectomy (25 children) or NSS (11 children) at our institution. We analyzed the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) changes over time among patients, stratified by both preoperative renal function (with or without PRD) and surgical extent (NSS vs. nephrectomy). The primary end point was evaluation of compensatory recovery of preoperative eGFR after surgery. Only children older than 2 years at surgery were included in the study. Renal dysfunction was defined as an eGFR  100 mL/min/1.73 m(2), respectively, achieved or maintained two-kidney eGFR values (T-KEV) (p = 0.01). After NSS, four adolescent patients with PRD and seven without PRD achieved or maintained T-KEV. Conclusion The majority of children with URT and low baseline eGFR present with an impaired renal function recovery after nephrectomy and may benefit from NSS. Collaborative studies are needed to support present findings. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  11. Comparison of laparoscopic and open surgery for pyogenic liver abscess with biliary pathology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jin-Fu Tu; Xiu-Fang Huang; Ru-Ying Hu; He-Yi You; Xiao-Feng Zheng; Fei-Zhao Jiang

    2011-01-01

    AIM:To investigate the feasibility and therapeutic effect of laparoscopic surgery for pyogenic liver abscess (PLA) with biliary pathology.METHODS:From January 2004 to October 2010,31 patients with PLA combined with biliary pathology meeting entry criteria received surgical management in our hospital.Of the 31 patients,13 underwent laparoscopic surgery (LS group) and 18 underwent open surgery (OS group).Clinical data including operation time,intraoperative blood loss,postoperative complication rate,length of postoperative hospital stay,and abscess recurrence rate were retrospectively analyzed and compared between the two groups.RESULTS:All patients received systemic antibiotic therapy.Four patients underwent ultrasound-guided percutaneous catheter drainage before operation.Postoperative complications occurred in 5 patients (16.1%,5/31) including 2 in the LS group and 3 in the OS group.One patient had retained calculus in the common bile duct and another had liver abscess recurrence in the OS group.No retained calculus and liver abscessrecurrence occurred in the LS group.In the two groups,there was no mortality during the perioperative period.There were no significant differences in operation time,intraoperative blood loss and transfusion,postoperative complication rate and abscess recurrence rate between the two groups.Oral intake was earlier (1.9 ± 0.4 d vs 3.1 ± 0.7 d,P < 0.05) and length of postoperative hospital stay was shorter (11.3 ± 2.9 d vs 14.5 ± 3.7 d,P < 0.05) in the LS group than in the OS group.CONCLUSION:Laparoscopic surgery for simultaneous treatment of PLA and biliary pathology is feasible in selected patients and the therapeutic effect is similar to that of open surgery.

  12. Risk Factors for Mycobacterium abscessus subsp. bolletii infection after laparoscopic surgery during an outbreak in Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baruque Villar, Gabriela; de Mello Freitas, Felipe Teixeira; Pais Ramos, Jesus; Dias Campos, Carlos Eduardo; de Souza Caldas, Paulo Cesar; Santos Bordalo, Fernanda; Amorim Ramos, Tatyana Costa; do Nascimento Pereira, Vívian; Cordeiro-Santos, Marcelo; Abdalla Santos, Joao Hugo; Coelho Motta, Glauco; Gomes, Suzie Marie; Mendes de Souza, Verena Maria; de Araujo, Wildo Navegantes

    2015-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To identify risk factors related to Mycobacterium abscessus subsp. bolletii infection during an outbreak, associated with laparoscopic surgery and to propose recommendations for preventing new cases. DESIGN A retrospective cohort study. SETTING A private hospital in Manaus, Brazil. PATIENTS A cohort of 222 patients who underwent laparoscopic surgery between July 2009 and August 2010 by a single surgical team. METHODS We collected information about the patients and the surgical procedure using a standard form. We included sex, age, and variables with P≤0.2 in the bivariate analysis in a logistic regression model. Additionally, we reviewed the procedures for reprocessing the laparoscopic surgery equipment, and the strains obtained with culture were identified by molecular methods. RESULTS We recorded 60 (27%) cases of infection. After multivariate analysis, the duration of surgery beyond 1 hour (odds ratio [OR] 2.4; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.2-4.5), not to have been the first operated patient on a given day (OR, 2.7; 95% CI, 1.4-5.2), and the use of permanent trocar (OR, 2.2; 95% CI, 1.1-4.2) were associated with infection. We observed that the surgical team attempted to sterilize the equipment in glutaraldehyde solution when sanitary authorities had already prohibited it. Eleven strains presented 100% DNA identity with a single strain, known as BRA100 clone. CONCLUSIONS Because contaminated material can act as vehicle for infection, ensuring adequate sterilization processing of video-assisted surgery equipment was crucial to stopping this single clonal outbreak of nonturbeculous mycobacteria in Brazil.

  13. Intussusception after Laparoscopic Gastric Bypass Surgery: An Underrecognized Complication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Smit Singla

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Intussusception after bariatric surgery is an uncommon complication that is now being frequently reported. Most people consider dysmotility to be the causative mechanism in the absence of obvious etiology. Material and Methods. A worldwide search identified literature describing intussusception after bariatric surgery. We also included our own patients and analyzed information regarding demographic profile, risk factors, presentation, diagnosis, and post treatment course. Results. Seventy one patients were identified between 1991 and 2011. Majority of the affected patients were females (=70, 98.6%; median time to presentation after gastric bypass surgery was 36 months. Most patients presented with abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting, but without obvious peritonitis. Sixty eight patients (96% required surgery; 48 (70.6% underwent revision of anastomosis, 16 (23.5% had reduction without resection, while 4 patients (5.9% had plication only. Amongst these, most patients (=51, 75% were found to have retrograde intussusception. Post-operatively, 9 patients presented with recurrence (range, 0.5–32 months. Five patients, who had earlier been treated without resection, eventually required revision of the anastomosis. There was no mortality noted. Conclusion. Intussusception after bariatric surgery is uncommon and its diagnosis is based on a combination of physicial, radiological and operative findings. An early surgical intervention reduces morbidity and prevents recurrence.

  14. [Risk of laparoscopic surgery. 100 records of complications. A qualitative study].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hureau, J; Vayre, P; Chapuis, Y; Germain, M A; Jost, J L; Murat, J; Spay, G

    1996-01-01

    A total of 100 accidents occurring during laparoscopic surgery between 1969 and 1993 were studied. Fifty-five of the cases concerned gynaecology surgery over a 24 year period. The other 45 concerned digestive surgery over a 5 year period (1989-1993). The surgical risk was not statistically greater compared with open surgery. Overall morbidity was 1%. Overall mortality was 0.5/1000. A more precise statistical analysis was recently reported. The examination of the 100 cases was qualitative rather than quantitative. The study demonstrated an imbalance between age (mean age 38 years) in patients with major pathology initially and the gravity of the induced accidents: 26 deaths for 100 observations. These deaths were related to technology trocar, capnoperitoneum, electrocoagulation. Technical skill, cautiousness, vigilance and humility are qualities the surgeon must have to perform successful operations. The irreversible acceleration of the new surgical technique should not cloud the basic precepts of sound surgical technique.

  15. Clinical safety and outcomes of laparoscopic surgery versus open surgery for palliative resection of primary tumors in patients with stage IV colorectal cancer: a meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Min-Wei; Gu, Xiao-Dong; Xiang, Jian-Bin; Chen, Zong-You

    2016-05-01

    This study was performed to compare the clinical safety and outcomes of laparoscopic versus open surgery for primary tumors in patients with stage IV colorectal cancer. Pertinent studies were selected from the MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library databases; references from published articles; and reviews. Both prospective and retrospective studies were included for the meta-analysis. Clinical outcomes included safety, complications, mortality, and survival. Six trials involving 1802 patients were included. The operative time was longer for laparoscopic than for open surgery (mean difference (MD) = 44.20, 95 % confidence interval (CI) 17.31-71.09, Z = 3.22, P = 0.001). Laparoscopic surgery was also associated with fewer postoperative complications (odds ratio 0.53, 95 % CI 0.37-0.78, Z = 3.29, P = 0.001) and less operative blood loss (MD = -65.40, 95 % CI -102.37 to -28.42, Z = 3.47, P = 0.0005). Median survival ranged from 11.4 to 30.1 months. The total hospital stay was 1.68 days shorter for laparoscopic than for open surgery (95 % CI -1.83 to -1.53, Z = 21.64, P < 0.00001). Laparoscopic surgery for palliative resection of stage IV colorectal cancer is associated with better perioperative outcomes than open surgery.

  16. Technological advances in robotic-assisted laparoscopic surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tan, Gerald Y; Goel, Raj K; Kaouk, Jihad H; Tewari, Ashutosh K

    2009-05-01

    In this article, the authors describe the evolution of urologic robotic systems and the current state-of-the-art features and existing limitations of the da Vinci S HD System (Intuitive Surgical, Inc.). They then review promising innovations in scaling down the footprint of robotic platforms, the early experience with mobile miniaturized in vivo robots, advances in endoscopic navigation systems using augmented reality technologies and tracking devices, the emergence of technologies for robotic natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery and single-port surgery, advances in flexible robotics and haptics, the development of new virtual reality simulator training platforms compatible with the existing da Vinci system, and recent experiences with remote robotic surgery and telestration.

  17. Robust augmented reality guidance with fluorescent markers in laparoscopic surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wild, Esther; Teber, Dogu; Schmid, Daniel; Simpfendörfer, Tobias; Müller, Michael; Baranski, Ann-Christin; Kenngott, Hannes; Kopka, Klaus; Maier-Hein, Lena

    2016-06-01

    Laparoscopic interventions require the precise navigation of medical instruments through the patient's body, while taking critical structures into account. Although numerous concepts have been proposed for displaying subsurface anatomical detail using augmented reality, clinical translation of these methods has suffered from a lack of robustness as well as from cumbersome integration into the clinical workflow. The purpose of this study was to investigate the feasibility of a new approach to intra-operative registration based on fluorescent markers. The proposed approach to augmented reality visualization relies on metabolizable fluorescent markers that are attached to the target organ to guide a 2D/3D intra-operative registration algorithm. In an ex vivo porcine study, marker tracking performance is evaluated in the presence of smoke, blood, and tissue in the field of view of the endoscope. In contrast to state-of-the-art needle-shaped fiducial markers, the fluorescent markers can be reliably tracked when occluded by smoke, blood or tissue. This makes the new 2D/3D intra-operative registration approach considerably more robust than state-of-the-art marker-based methods. As the concept can be smoothly integrated into the clinical workflow, its potential for application in clinical laparoscopy is high.

  18. [Drainage of amoebic liver abscess by single incision laparoscopic surgery. Report of a case].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Telich-Tarriba, José Eduardo; Parrao-Alcántara, Iris Jocelyn; Montes-Hernández, Jesús Manuel; Vega-Pérez, Jesús

    2015-01-01

    Single incision laparoscopic surgery has increased recently due to successful results, achieved in several procedures. The aim of the present work is to present the first case in which single incision laparoscopy is used for the drainage of an amoebic liver abscess. A 44-year-old man presented with intense right upper quadrant pain, generalised jaundice, tachycardia, fever, hepatomegaly and a positive Murphy's sign. Laboratory results revealed an increased plasma bilirubin, elevated alkaline phosphatase and transaminases, leucocytosis, negative viral panel for hepatitis, and positive antibodies against Entamoeba histolytica. On an abdominal computed tomography a 15 × 12.1 cm hypodense lesion was observed in the patient's liver, identified as an amoebic liver abscess. Analgesics and antibiotics were started and subsequently the patient was submitted to laparoscopic drainage of the abscess using a single port approach. Drainage and irrigation of the abscess was performed. Four days later the patient was discharged without complications. Management of amoebic liver abscess is focused on the elimination of the infectious agent and obliteration of the abscess cavity in order to prevent its complications, especially rupture. Laparoscopic surgery has proved to be a safe and effective way to manage this entity. Copyright © 2015 Academia Mexicana de Cirugía A.C. Published by Masson Doyma México S.A. All rights reserved.

  19. Laparoscopic surgery for colon cancer: a review of the fascial composition of the abdominal cavity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mike, Makio; Kano, Nobuyasu

    2015-02-01

    Laparoscopic surgery has generally been performed for digestive diseases. Many patients with colon cancer undergo laparoscopic procedures. The outcomes of laparoscopic colectomy and open colectomy are the same in terms of the long-time survival. It is important to dissect the embryological plane to harvest the lymph nodes and to avoid bleeding during colon cancer surgery. To date, descriptions of the anatomy of the fascial composition have mainly involved observations unrelated to fundamental embryological concepts, causing confusion regarding the explanations of the surgical procedures, with various vocabularies used without definitions. We therefore examined the fascia of the abdominal space using a fascia concept based on clinical anatomy and embryology. Mobilization of the bilateral sides of the colon involves dissection between the fusion fascia of Toldt and the deep subperitoneal fascia. It is important to understand that the right fusion fascia of Toldt is divided into the posterior pancreatic fascia of Treitz dorsally and the anterior pancreatic fascia ventrally at the second portion of the duodenum. A comprehensive understanding of fascia composition between the stomach and transverse colon is necessary for dissecting the splenic flexure of the colon. As a result of these considerations of the fascia, more accurate surgical procedures can be performed for the excision of colon cancer.

  20. Patient-reported genitourinary dysfunction after laparoscopic and open rectal cancer surgery in a randomized trial (COLOR II)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersson, J; Abis, G; Gellerstedt, M

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: This article reports on patient-reported sexual dysfunction and micturition symptoms following a randomized trial of laparoscopic and open surgery for rectal cancer. METHODS: Patients in the COLOR II randomized trial, comparing laparoscopic and open surgery for rectal cancer, completed...... the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) QLQ-CR38 questionnaire before surgery, and after 4 weeks, 6, 12 and 24 months. Adjusted mean differences on a 100-point scale were calculated using changes from baseline value at the various time points in the domains of sexual functioning...... radiotherapy, did not change these results. CONCLUSION: Sexual dysfunction is common in patients with rectal cancer, and treatment (including surgery) increases the proportion of patients affected. A laparoscopic approach does not change this. REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT0029779 (http://www.clinicaltrials.gov)....

  1. [Anaesthetic management of patients in the third trimester of pregnancy undergoing urgent laparoscopic surgery. Experience in a general hospital].

    Science.gov (United States)

    López-Collada Estrada, María; Olvera Martínez, Rosalba

    2016-01-01

    Laparoscopic surgery is well accepted as a safe technique when performed on a third trimester pregnant woman. The aim is to describe the anaesthetic management of a group of patients undergoing this type of surgery. An analysis was made of records of 6 patients in their third trimester of pregnancy and who underwent urgent laparoscopic surgery from 2011 to 2013. The study included 6 patients, with a diagnosis of acute cholecystitis in 4 of them. The other 2 patients had acute appendicitis, both of who presented threatened preterm labour. The most frequent indications for laparoscopic surgery during the last trimester of birth were found to be acute cholecystitis and acute appendicitis. Acute appendicitis is related to an elevated risk of presenting threatened preterm labour. Copyright © 2015 Academia Mexicana de Cirugía A.C. Publicado por Masson Doyma México S.A. All rights reserved.

  2. Single incision laparoscopic surgery – is it time for laboratory skills training?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Łaski, Dariusz; Makarewicz, Wojciech; Bobowicz, Maciej; Kobiela, Jarosław; Nateghi, Behzad; Proczko, Monika; Madejewska, Ilona; Gruca, Zbigniew; Śledzinski, Zbigniew

    2013-01-01

    Introduction With the introduction of new surgical equipment, there is always the need for new, more advanced training. The authors try to answer whether the use of the newest generation tools has an impact on achieving better results in single incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) technique during the exercises in the surgical skills laboratory. Material and methods There were 51 participants in the study: 44 ‘novices’ and 7 ‘experts’. All subjects performed the ‘advanced grasping’ exercise according to the FLS programme manual using four types of laparoscopic approach including two SILS ports and SILS-dedicated instruments. The outcome measures involved task completion time and the number of errors. Results Tasks using straight laparoscopic instruments set together with classic three-port access as well as SILS access ports were finished significantly faster when compared with SILS-dedicated instruments (p < 0.05). There were no significant differences in performance times between the two setups with straight instruments (p < 0.05) and both setups with SILS-dedicated instruments, irrespective of the use of curved or dynamic articulated tools. Students with no previous laparoscopic experience had significantly worse task completion times in all tasks in comparison to students with laparoscopic laboratory training and the ‘experts’ group. Conclusions The use of the straight instruments in the SILS technique remain similar to its performance in full triangulation. SILS-dedicated instruments paradoxically increase the task completion time irrespective of possessed skills. The study showed the necessity of a SILS-dedicated tools training programme. PMID:24130635

  3. Laparoscopic Reconstructive Surgery is Superior to Vaginal Reconstruction in the Pelvic Organ Prolapse

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Young-Han; Yang, Seong Cheon; Park, Sung Taek; Park, Sung Ho; Kim, Hong Bae

    2014-01-01

    Background: Our purpose was to provide the clinical advantages of the laparoscopic approach compare to the vaginal approach in correcting uterine and vaginal vault prolapse. Methods: Between June 2007 and June 2011, 174 women were admitted to HUMC (Hallym University Medical Center) and underwent pelvic reconstructive surgery for prolapsed vaginal vault and uterus. Upon retrospective review of the medical records, 174 of the patients who had symptoms of pelvic organ prolapsed and Baden-Walker prolapse grade ≥ 2 were selected and divided into two groups as follows: vaginal approach group (n=120) and laparoscopic approach group (n=54). We compared the results of clinical outcome by analyzing Student's t-test and χ2-test or the Fisher exact test as appropriate. Results: There were significant difference in success rates without reoperation for recurrence as 91.7% (vaginal approach group, n=110) vs 100% (laparoscopic approach group, n=54), p=0.032. Mean follow-up duration was 31.3 ± 7.6 months for vaginal approach group and 29.7 ± 9.7 months for laparoscopic approach group. The Foley catheter indwelling duration (4.7± 1.9 vs 3.4±2.1 days, p< 0.001) and the length of postoperative hospitalization (6.4 ± 2.1 vs 5.0 ± 1.9 days, p <0.001) were significantly longer in vaginal approach group, whereas the operative time was significantly longer (108.2 ± 38.6 vs 168.3 ± 69.7 minutes, p <0.001) in laparoscopic approach group. Conclusions: Our result suggest there is significantly lower recurrence rate requiring reoperation and less catheterization time but increased operative time for laparascopic sacrocolpopexy. PMID:25170290

  4. Increased risk of anastomotic leakage with diclofenac treatment after laparoscopic colorectal surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Klein, Mads; Andersen, Lars Peter Holst; Harvald, Thomas

    2009-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Over a period our department experienced an unexpected high frequency of anastomotic leakages. After diclofenac was removed from the postoperative analgesic regimen, the frequency dropped. This study aimed to evaluate the influence of diclofenac on the risk of developing anastomotic...... leakage after laparoscopic colorectal surgery. METHODS: This was a retrospective case-control study based on 75 consecutive patients undergoing laparoscopic colorectal resection with primary anastomosis. In period 1, patients received diclofenac 150 mg/day. In period 2, diclofenac was withdrawn...... and the patients received an opioid analgesic instead. The primary outcome parameter was clinically significant anastomotical leakage verified at reoperation. RESULTS: 1/42 patients in the no-diclofenac group compared with 7/33 in the diclofenac group had an anastomotic leakage after operation (p = 0...

  5. Laparoscopic surgery for small-bowel obstruction caused by Meckel’s diverticulum

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Takatsugu Matsumoto; Motoki Nagai; Daisuke Koike; Yukihiro Nomura; Nobutaka Tanaka

    2016-01-01

    A 26-year-old woman was referred to our hospital because of abdominal distention and vomiting. Contrastenhanced computed tomography showed a blind loop of the bowel extending to near the uterus and a fibrotic band connecting the mesentery to the top of the bowel,suggestive of Meckel’s diverticulum(MD) and a mesodiverticular band(MDB). After intestinal decompression,elective laparoscopic surgery was carried out. Using three 5-mm ports,MD was dissected from the surrounding adhesion and MDB was divided intracorporeally. And subsequent Meckel’s diverticulectomy was performed. The presence of heterotopic gastric mucosa was confirmed histologically. The patient had an uneventful postoperative course and was discharged 5 d after the operation. She has remained healthy and symptom-free during 4 years of follow-up. This was considered to be an unusual case of preoperatively diagnosed and laparoscopically treated small-bowel obstruction due to MD in a young adult woman.

  6. Laparoscopically Assisted Low Anterior Resection for Lower Rectal Endometriosis: Usefulness of Laparoscopic Surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hiroki Sugishita

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available A 34-year-old woman presented with pain during menstruation and was diagnosed with endometriosis of the lower rectum. Despite treatment with an LH-RH agonist, she was unable to become pregnant and surgical removal of her endometriosis was recommended. Preoperative magnetic resonance imaging revealed endometriosis localized between the neck of the uterus and rectum with indentation and scuffing. Laparoscopically assisted low anterior resection was performed. Exfoliation was started from the right side of the rectum to the presacral and retrorectal space, and the rectococcygeus ligament was transected. Exfoliation of the retrorectal space was continued to the levator ani muscle and mobilization of the right side of the rectum was performed. In front of the rectum, exfoliation was started posterior to the wall of the vagina, but layers became unclear near the tumor as the tissue was solid in this region. The left hypogastric nerve close to the tumor was inflamed and it was cut. The layer of the exfoliation was connected to the right side of the rectum, the tumor was isolated from the vagina, and the lower rectum was transected at a point 1 cm distal to the tumor with a 60-mm linear stapler. Reconstruction with a 31-mm circular stapler was performed using the double stapling technique. Operative time was 520 min with a blood loss of 320 ml. On the 9th post operative day, a rectovaginal fistula occurred, and ileostomy was performed. The patient was discharged from the hospital on the 25th postoperative day, and 4 months later, stoma closure was performed.

  7. Mini-flank supra-12th rib incision for open partial nephrectomy for renal tumor with RENAL nephrometry score ≥10: an innovation of traditional open surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Hang; Sun, Li-an; Wang, Yiwei; Xiang, Zhuoyi; Zhou, Lin; Guo, Jianming; Wang, Guomin

    2015-04-01

    The skill of supra-12th rib mini-flank approach for open partial nephrectomy (MI-OPN) provides an advanced operative method for renal tumor. Compared with laparoscopic and robotic surgery, it may be a feasible selection for the complex renal tumors. We describe our techniques and results of MI-OPN in complex renal tumors with high RENAL nephrometry score (RENAL nephrometry score ≥10). Fifty-five patients diagnosed with renal tumors between January 2009 and July 2013 were included in this study. Eligibility criteria comprised of patients with complex renal tumor (RENAL score ≥10) being candidates for partial nephrectomy (PN). All patients received MI-OPN and all surgeries were performed by a single urologist. The preoperative workup comprised of medical history, physical examination, and routine laboratory tests. Serum creatinine was recorded preoperatively and 2 to 3 months after operation. Operative time, ischemia time, blood loss, operative and postoperative complications, renal function, and pathology parameters were recorded. MI-OPN was successfully performed in all cases. Mean tumor size was 4.7 cm (range: 2.5-8.1). Mean warm ischemia time was 28.1 minutes (range: 21-39), mean operative time was 105 minutes (range: 70-150) and mean estimated blood loss was 68 mL (range: 10-400). Mean postoperative hospital stay was 6.5 days (range: 5-12). Postoperative complications were found in 3 patients (5.5%). The mean pre- and postoperative serum creatinine levels were 76.2 μmol/L (range: 47-132) and 87.1 μmol/L (range: 61-189) with significant difference (P = 0.004). The mean pre- and postoperative estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) were 91.5 (range: 34-133) and 82.5 (range: 22-126.5), respectively with significant difference (P = 0.024). In an average follow-up of 19.9 months (range: 8-50), no local recurrence or systemic progression occurred. In conclusion, MI-OPN can combine the benefits of both minimal invasive and traditional open

  8. Design and Validation of an Augmented Reality System for Laparoscopic Surgery in a Real Environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. López-Mir

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. This work presents the protocol carried out in the development and validation of an augmented reality system which was installed in an operating theatre to help surgeons with trocar placement during laparoscopic surgery. The purpose of this validation is to demonstrate the improvements that this system can provide to the field of medicine, particularly surgery. Method. Two experiments that were noninvasive for both the patient and the surgeon were designed. In one of these experiments the augmented reality system was used, the other one was the control experiment, and the system was not used. The type of operation selected for all cases was a cholecystectomy due to the low degree of complexity and complications before, during, and after the surgery. The technique used in the placement of trocars was the French technique, but the results can be extrapolated to any other technique and operation. Results and Conclusion. Four clinicians and ninety-six measurements obtained of twenty-four patients (randomly assigned in each experiment were involved in these experiments. The final results show an improvement in accuracy and variability of 33% and 63%, respectively, in comparison to traditional methods, demonstrating that the use of an augmented reality system offers advantages for trocar placement in laparoscopic surgery.

  9. Design and Validation of an Augmented Reality System for Laparoscopic Surgery in a Real Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    López-Mir, F.; Naranjo, V.; Fuertes, J. J.; Alcañiz, M.; Bueno, J.; Pareja, E.

    2013-01-01

    Purpose. This work presents the protocol carried out in the development and validation of an augmented reality system which was installed in an operating theatre to help surgeons with trocar placement during laparoscopic surgery. The purpose of this validation is to demonstrate the improvements that this system can provide to the field of medicine, particularly surgery. Method. Two experiments that were noninvasive for both the patient and the surgeon were designed. In one of these experiments the augmented reality system was used, the other one was the control experiment, and the system was not used. The type of operation selected for all cases was a cholecystectomy due to the low degree of complexity and complications before, during, and after the surgery. The technique used in the placement of trocars was the French technique, but the results can be extrapolated to any other technique and operation. Results and Conclusion. Four clinicians and ninety-six measurements obtained of twenty-four patients (randomly assigned in each experiment) were involved in these experiments. The final results show an improvement in accuracy and variability of 33% and 63%, respectively, in comparison to traditional methods, demonstrating that the use of an augmented reality system offers advantages for trocar placement in laparoscopic surgery. PMID:24236293

  10. Tips and Tricks in Laparoscopic Surgery in Light of 172 Patients, From A Gynecological Point of View in Turkey

    OpenAIRE

    Kadir Bakay

    2014-01-01

    Aim: In this prospective study we aim to discuss and share our experience of what we have learned in laparoscopic surgery in general. Material and Method: Prospective case controlled study. Data obtained from 172 laparoscopic procedures performed in Baskent University Alanya hospital gynecology clinic were collected between April 2012 and March 2014. Results: Difference in abdominal wall elevation measurements with force applied during primary trocar entry ranged from 1cm to 3cm (mean: 2.13±1...

  11. Single-port laparoscopic surgery in acute appendicitis: retrospective comparative analysis for 618 patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kang, Byung Mo; Hwang, Ji Woong; Ryu, Byoung Yoon

    2016-11-01

    Transumbilical single-port laparoscopic appendectomy (SPLA) is a promising procedure that features less pain, faster recovery of postoperative bowel function and superior cosmetic results. We performed a retrospective comparative analysis of SPLA versus conventional laparoscopic surgery (CLA) to evaluate the safety and efficacy in acute appendicitis. From December 2008 to November 2013, laparoscopic surgery was performed on 636 patients with acute appendicitis at the Department of Surgery, Chuncheon Sacred Heart Hospital. Under approval of Institutional Review Board, data concerning baseline characteristics, operative outcomes, postoperative complications and postoperative functional recovery were compared between both procedures. After exclusion of 18 patients, 618 patients treated for acute appendicitis were included. SPLA was performed in 375 patients and CLA in 243 patients. Complicated appendicitis was more prevalent in the CLA group (26.3 %) than in the SPLA group (17.1 %) (p = 0.005). There was no difference between groups in operation time (p = 0.235), postoperative duration of hospital stay (p = 0.672) and readmission rate (p = 0.688). The rate of postoperative complications was similar in both groups (10.7 % in SPLA vs. 11.1 % in CLA, p = 0.862). In subgroup analysis of complicated appendicitis, more patients needed conversion to open surgery in the SPLA group (15.6 vs. 1.6 %, p = 0.005). In uncomplicated appendicitis, SPLA can be performed safely and efficiently. However, more selective indication for SPLA should be applied in cases of complicated appendicitis because of the greater risk of open conversion.

  12. Renal function changes after elective cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Moraes Lobo, E M; Burdmann, E A; Abdulkader, R C

    2000-01-01

    Cardiac surgery can either induce acute renal failure or improve GFR by improving the cardiac performance. In order to study renal function changes after elective cardiac surgery (CS) with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPBP), 21 patients undergoing valvular CS (VCS) or coronary artery bypass (CAB) were prospectively evaluated in three time periods: before, 24 hours after surgery and 48 hours after surgery. Patients were divided in 2 groups according to the GFR percent change in comparison to the baseline value found 24 hours after CS (deltaGFR24): Group 1, deltaGFR24 decrease higher than 20% (n = 11) and Group 2, deltaGFR24 decrease UpH) in both groups. The deltaGFR24 showed positive correlation with baseline FENa (r = 0.44 p = 0.04) and negative correlation with volume balance during the first 24h after CS (r = -0.63, p = 0.007). More patients in Group 1 required nitroprusside than in Group 2 (66% vs. 14%, p = 0.04). Anesthesia time was shorter in Group 1 as compared to Group 2: 323+/-21 vs. 395+/-26 min, p = 0.04. No significant hemolysis occurred during CS in either group. There were no differences in age, gender, CPBP time, need for dopamine and/or dobutamine between the two groups. In conclusion, patients who presented GFR decrease after CS underwent VCS more frequently, had more prevalence of previous CS, presented lower baseline FENa, required more volume infusion and more nitroprusside use. On the other hand, no tubular dysfunction was detected in the early follow-up of CS. These results suggest that the observed renal function changes should be the result of an appropriated renal response to a low effective blood volume. In fact, a low baseline FENa anticipated a GFR decrease in these patients. Consistently, CAB patients that usually improve their cardiac output after surgery showed a clear GFR improvement.

  13. Comparison of Two Core Biopsy Techniques Before and After Laparoscopic Cryoablation of Small Renal Cortical Neoplasms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Truesdale, Matthew D.; Sartori, Samantha; Casazza, Cristin N.; Hruby, Gregory W.; Harik, Lara R.; O’Toole, Kathleen M.; Badani, Ketan K.; Pérez-Lanzac, Alberto

    2011-01-01

    Introduction: Cryoablation is an acceptable treatment option for small renal cortical neoplasms (RCN). Unlike extirpative interventions, intraoperative needle biopsy is the only pathologic data for ablated tumors. It is imperative that sampled tissue accurately captures pathology. We studied the optimal intraoperative needle core biopsy protocol for small RCN during laparoscopic renal cryoablation (LCA). Methods: Patients with RCNbiopsy during LCA. Four biopsy cores were taken per tumor, 2 before and 2 after LCA by using both a standard and modified technique. Standard technique: needle biopsy device was deployed after insertion into the renal tissue at a depth of 5mm. Modified technique: needle biopsy device was deployed 1mm outside of the renal tissue. Biopsies were examined and compared with reference standard pathology. Percentage agreement was calculated across biopsy types (standard vs. modified) and time points (pre- vs. postcryoablation). Logistic regression was used to identify factors impacting biopsy accuracy. Results: Thirty patients with 33 RCNs underwent LCA. The mean patient age was 69.1±8.0yrs, and mean tumor size was 2.3±0.7cm. No significant bleeding resulted from biopsies. A definitive diagnosis was made in 31/33 RCNs (94.0%). Ten tumors (30.3%) were benign, 21 (63.7%) were malignant, and 2 (6.0%) were nondiagnostic. Biopsy length was significantly longer using the standard vs. modified technique with mean lengths of 9.3mm vs. 7.0mm, respectively (P=.02). Highest agreement was seen in preablation biopsies (90.3%). A significant association with agreement was seen for younger age (P=.05) and larger tumor size (P=.02). Conclusions: Younger age and larger tumor size were associated with improved accuracy. Preoperative sampling resulted in superior accuracy and the standard technique resulted in significantly longer cores. Use of preablation standard biopsy technique may result in the most accurate pathologic diagnosis for patients undergoing

  14. Minimal impairment in pulmonary function following laparoscopic surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Staehr-Rye, Anne K; Rasmussen, L S; Rosenberg, J

    2014-01-01

    cholecystectomy in the 20° head-up position or hysterectomy in the 30° head-down position. The primary outcome was the difference between arterial oxygenation (PaO2 ) 2 h postoperatively and the preoperative value. Two hours and 24 h after surgery, pulmonary shunt and ventilation-perfusion mismatch were assessed...... by use of an automatic lung parameter estimation system. RESULTS: Two hours after surgery, the mean change from baseline in PaO2 was -0.65 kPa [95% confidence interval (CI) -3.5 to 3.4, P = 0.14] in the hysterectomy group and -0.22 kPa [95% CI -3.4 to 2.0, P = 0.12] in the cholecystectomy group (P = 0...

  15. Second laparoscopic resection for recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma after initial laparoscopic

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIANG Xiao; CAI Xiu-jun; YU Hong; WANG Yi-fan; LIANG Yue-long

    2009-01-01

    @@ With the development of laparoscopic techniques,laparoscopic hepatectomy is feasible for hepatocellular carcinoma as reported in recent years.Although several reports have been published on laparoscopic surgery for metastatic liver cancer,1,2 few of them deals with second laparoscopic resection of recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma. We report a case of second laparoscopic resection for recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma after initial laparoscopic hepatectomy.

  16. MDCT evaluation of potential living renal donor, prior to laparoscopic donor nephrectomy: What the transplant surgeon wants to know?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nitin P Ghonge

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available As Laparoscopic Donor Nephrectomy (LDN offers several advantages for the donor such as lesser post-operative pain, fewer cosmetic concerns and faster recovery time, there is growing global trend towards LDN as compared to open nephrectomy. Comprehensive pre-LDN donor evaluation includes assessment of renal morphology including pelvi-calyceal and vascular system. Apart from donor selection, evaluation of the regional anatomy allows precise surgical planning. Due to limited visualization during laparoscopic renal harvesting, detailed pre-transplant evaluation of regional anatomy, including the renal venous anatomy is of utmost importance. MDCT is the modality of choice for pre-LDN evaluation of potential renal donors. Apart from appropriate scan protocol and post-processing methods, detailed understanding of surgical techniques is essential for the Radiologist for accurate image interpretation during pre-LDN MDCT evaluation of potential renal donors. This review article describes MDCT evaluation of potential living renal donor, prior to LDN with emphasis on scan protocol, post-processing methods and image interpretation. The article laid special emphasis on surgical perspectives of pre-LDN MDCT evaluation and addresses important points which transplant surgeons want to know.

  17. Changes in endotracheal tube cuff pressure during laparoscopic surgery in head-up or head-down position

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    Background The abdominal insufflation and surgical positioning in the laparoscopic surgery have been reported to result in an increase of airway pressure. However, associated effects on changes of endotracheal tube cuff pressure are not well established. Methods 70 patients undergoing elective laparoscopic colorectal tumor resection (head-down position, n = 38) and laparoscopic cholecystecomy (head-up position, n = 32) were enrolled and were compared to 15 patients undergoing elective open abdominal surgery. Changes of cuff and airway pressures before and after abdominal insufflation in supine position and after head-down or head-up positioning were analysed and compared. Results There was no significant cuff and airway pressure changes during the first fifteen minutes in open abdominal surgery. After insufflation, the cuff pressure increased from 26 ± 3 to 32 ± 6 and 27 ± 3 to 33 ± 5 cmH2O in patients receiving laparoscopic cholecystecomy and laparoscopic colorectal tumor resection respectively (both p < 0.001). The head-down tilt further increased cuff pressure from 33 ± 5 to 35 ± 5 cmH2O (p < 0.001). There six patients undergoing colorectal tumor resection (18.8%) and eight patients undergoing cholecystecomy (21.1%) had a total increase of cuff pressure more than 10 cm H2O (18.8%). There was no significant correlation between increase of cuff pressure and either the patient's body mass index or the common range of intra-abdominal pressure (10-15 mmHg) used in laparoscopic surgery. Conclusions An increase of endotracheal tube cuff pressure may occur during laparoscopic surgery especially in the head-down position. PMID:25210501

  18. The implementation of a standardized approach to laparoscopic rectal surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aslak, Katrine Kanstrup; Bulut, Orhan

    2012-01-01

    performed: low anterior resection (n = 26), low anterior resection with loop-ileostomy (n = 39), Hartmann's operation (n = 14), and abdominoperineal resection (n = 21). The median length of hospital stay was 7 days; 9 patients were readmitted There were 9 cases of conversion to open surgery. The overall...... complication rate was 35%, including 6 cases (90/%) of anastomotic leakages requiring reoperation. The 30-day mortality was 5%. The median number of harvested lymph nodes was 15 (range, 2 to 48). There were 6 cases of positive circumferential resection margins. The median follow-up was 9 (range, 1 to 27...

  19. Physical function improvements after laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Gary D; Nicklas, Barbara J; You, Tongjian; Fernandez, Adolfo

    2009-01-01

    Obesity is a risk factor for impaired physical function and disability, with the degree of impairment most compromised in extreme obesity. Mild-to-moderate weight loss has been shown to improve function in older adults. The impact of laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery on weight loss and physical function in morbidly obese individuals was assessed. This longitudinal, observational study followed up 28 morbidly obese men and women (body mass index > or = 40.0 kg/m(2)) for 12 months after laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. Physical function (self-report using the Fitness Arthritis and Seniors Trial disability questionnaire; performance tasks using the Short Physical Performance Battery and a lateral mobility task); strength (maximal isometric knee torque); and body composition measured using bioelectrical impedance were determined before surgery (baseline) and at 3 weeks, 3 months, 6 months, and 12 months after surgery. The 12-month weight loss was 34.2% (excess weight loss 59.8%), with a mean fat mass loss of 46 kg and a loss of fat free mass of 6.6 kg. The performance tasks and self-reported questionnaire scores had improved by 3 months after surgery compared with baseline, with selected measures showing less impairment and disability in as few as 3 weeks after surgery. Muscle quality, as measured using the maximal torque per kilogram body weight, was greater at 6 months than at baseline. The results of our study have shown that in morbidly obese individuals with a high risk of mobility impairments, surgical procedures to reduce body weight increase mobility and improve performance of daily activities in as few as 3 weeks after gastric bypass surgery.

  20. [French resident's performance on laparoscopic surgery box trainer: 7-year results of pelvitrainer contests].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madec, F-X; Dariane, C; Pradere, B; Amadane, N; Bergerat, S; Gryn, A; Lebacle, C; Matillon, X; Olivier, J; Nouhaud, F-X; Panayotopoulos, P; Peyronnet, B; Rizk, J; Sanson, S; Seisen, T; Salomon, L; Fiard, G

    2016-12-01

    The study objectives were to analyze the resident's laparoscopic surgery performance in order to build a self-assessment data set, to identify discriminatory exercises and to investigate the suturing time changes. From 2007 to 2014, the French Association of Urologist in Training (AFUF) organized 7 pelvitrainer contests. Participant scores on 11 laparoscopic surgery exercises were evaluated. Sixty-six residents participated to these contests and performed 11 exercises each. Twenty-two (33.3 %) participants were beginners, 26 (39.4 %) intermediates et 18 (27.3 %) experienced. The participant scores were gathered into a data set including the average time per exercise. We found a time scoring improvement related to the resident experience for all exercises. A significant decline in time was noted for exercise 8 and 9 between beginners and intermediates (139s [±71]), (173.9s [±118.3]) and between beginners and experienced (80.6s [±26.7]), (94,1s [±42.7]) with a P<0.05. The correlation coefficient for the exercise 11 duration (vesico-uretral anastomosis) was 0.04 over a 7-year period (P=0.44). The study provided a data set on 11 laparoscopic surgery tasks which can be consulted by all residents as a reference in a self-assessment process. Two exercises (8 and 9) discriminated beginners from intermediates and experienced groups and could be used as a benchmark ahead of an operating room procedure. The vesico-uretral anastomosis duration (exercise 11) did not improve significantly between 2006 and 2014. 4. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  1. Early experience with laparoscopic surgery in children in Ile-Ife, Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ademola Olusegun Talabi

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Laparoscopy is not yet routinely employed in many Paediatric Surgical Units in Nigeria despite the advantages it offers. This study describes the preliminary experience with laparoscopic procedures in a single centre. Patients and Methods: A retrospective analysis of all children who had laparoscopic surgery between January 2009 and December 2013 at the Paediatric Surgical Unit of Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex Ile-Ife was carried out. Their sociodemographic, preoperative and intraoperative data along with postoperative records were subjected to descriptive analysis. Results: Eleven (44% diagnostic and 14 (56% therapeutic procedures were performed on 25 children whose age ranged from 5 months to 15 years (Median: 84 months, Mean: 103 ± 64.1 months, including eight (32% females and 17 (68% males. Indications included acute appendicitis in 12 (48%, intra-abdominal masses in six (24%, three (12% disorders of sexual differentiation, two (8% ventriculoperitoneal shunt malfunctions and impalpable undescended testes in two (8% children. The procedures lasted 15-90 minutes (Mean = 54 (±21.6 minutes. Conversion rate was 17% for two patients who had ruptured retrocaecal appendices. No intra operative complications were recorded while three (12% patients had superficial port site infections post-operatively. All diagnostic (11 and two therapeutic procedures were done as day case surgery. The mean duration of hospital stay was 3.1 (±3.3 days for those who had appendectomies. Conclusion: Laparoscopic surgery in children is safe and feasible in our hospital. We advocate increased use of laparoscopy in paediatric surgical practice in Nigeria and similar developing settings.

  2. Handling topological changes during elastic registration : Application to augmented reality in laparoscopic surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paulus, Christoph J; Haouchine, Nazim; Kong, Seong-Ho; Soares, Renato Vianna; Cazier, David; Cotin, Stephane

    2017-03-01

    Locating the internal structures of an organ is a critical aspect of many surgical procedures. Minimally invasive surgery, associated with augmented reality techniques, offers the potential to visualize inner structures, allowing for improved analysis, depth perception or for supporting planning and decision systems. Most of the current methods dealing with rigid or non-rigid augmented reality make the assumption that the topology of the organ is not modified. As surgery relies essentially on cutting and dissection of anatomical structures, such methods are limited to the early stages of the surgery. We solve this shortcoming with the introduction of a method for physics-based elastic registration using a single view from a monocular camera. Singularities caused by topological changes are detected and propagated to the preoperative model. This significantly improves the coherence between the actual laparoscopic view and the model and provides added value in terms of navigation and decision-making, e.g., by overlaying the internal structures of an organ on the laparoscopic view. Our real-time augmentation method is assessed on several scenarios, using synthetic objects and real organs. In all cases, the impact of our approach is demonstrated, both qualitatively and quantitatively ( http://www.open-cas.org/?q=PaulusIJCARS16 ). The presented approach tackles the challenge of localizing internal structures throughout a complete surgical procedure, even after surgical cuts. This information is crucial for surgeons to improve the outcome for their surgical procedure and avoid complications.

  3. The use of piezoelectric effect to improve instrument quality and patient safety in laparoscopic surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glavić, Željko; Šantak, Goran; Cesarik, Marijan; Slišurić, Ferdinand; Raštegorac, Ile; Zukanović, Goran

    2014-12-01

    The piezoelectric properties of some natural crystals and polymers can also be used in surgery. For this purpose, a prototype of an endoscopic instrument was constructed with piezoelectric material attached to its working end with the aim of recognizing pulsating blood vessels during laparoscopic surgery. To test the properties of the new instrument in laboratory conditions, simulated blood circulation was used with the possibility of changing pressure and frequency. The instrument was tested in the pressure range of 40-180 mm Hg at constant frequency of 72/min and frequency range of 36-130 beats per minute at constant pressure of 120 mm Hg. Test results showed that the instrument with certainty recognized a pulsating "blood vessel" in the expected pressure ranges and at different blood pump frequencies. Given the piezoelectric material's very small dimensions and flexible form, it can be installed at the working end of most standard laparoscopic instruments and thus significantly increase certainty in the recognition of arteries during surgery, which would reduce the possibility of their injury or accidental ligation.

  4. A user-friendly automated port placement planning system for laparoscopic robotic surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torres, Luis G.; Azimian, Hamidreza; Enquobahrie, Andinet

    2014-03-01

    Laparoscopic surgery is a minimally invasive surgical approach in which surgical instruments are passed through ports placed at small incisions. This approach can benefit patients by reducing recovery times and scars. Surgeons have gained greater dexterity, accuracy, and vision through adoption of robotic surgical systems. However, in some cases a preselected set of ports cannot be accommodated by the robot; the robot's arms may cause collisions during the procedure, or the surgical targets may not be reachable through the selected ports. In this case, the surgeon must either make more incisions for more ports, or even abandon the laparoscopic approach entirely. To assist in this, we are building an easytouse system which, given a surgical task and preoperative medical images of the patient, will recommend a suitable port placement plan for the robotic surgery. This work bears two main contributions: 1) a high level user interface that assists the surgeon in operating the complicated underlying planning algorithm; and 2) an interface to assist the surgical team in implementation of the recommended plan in the operating room. We believe that such an automated port placement system would reduce setup time for robotic surgery and reduce the morbidity to patients caused by unsuitable surgical port placement.

  5. The impact of obesity on learning laparoscopic surgery for colon cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hotta, Tsukasa; Takifuji, Katsunari; Yokoyama, Shozo; Matsuda, Kenji; Oku, Yoshimasa; Nasu, Toru; Tamura, Koichi; Ieda, Junji; Yamamoto, Naoyuki; Yamaue, Hiroki

    2012-09-01

    This study evaluated the impact of obesity on learning to perform laparoscopic surgery for colon cancer. We compared the outcomes for 72 patients with colon cancer treated by a single surgeon between June 2005 and July 2008. The first 36 patients who underwent surgery were considered to be during the "early period," and the other 36 patients who underwent surgery as the "late period," and the patients with a body mass index (BMI) ≥25 kg/m(2) were defined as being obese. During the early period, the tumor stages of obese patients were less advanced than those of nonobese patients, whereas the length of the operation, surgical blood loss, and wound diameter of obese patients were worse than those of nonobese patients. Furthermore, the tumor stages in the obese patients during the late period were more advanced than those in obese patients during the early period, whereas the length of the operation and number of dissected lymph nodes in the obese patients during the late period were better than those in obese patients during the early period. We demonstrated that the differences of the surgical outcomes between obese and nonobese patients undergoing laparoscopic colon resection decreased as the surgeon's experience increased.

  6. Carcinoembryonic antigen-producing adrenal adenoma resected using combined lateral and anterior transperitoneal laparoscopic surgery

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    A 74-year-old woman presented with symptoms consistent with hyperadrenocorticism and hyperca techolaminism. She had a cushingoid appearance and her cortisol level was elevated. Herserum dopamine and noradrenalin levels were also elevated.Computed tomography detected a left adrenal mass measuring 3.5 cm × 3.0 cm in diameter. Metaiodobenzylguanidine cintigraphy was negative. Unexpectedly, the serum Serum carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) level was elevated.Fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography showed increased uptake in the adrenal tumor only, with a maximum standardized uptake value of 2.8. Selective venography and blood sampling revealed that the concentrations of cortisol, catecholamines and CEA were significantly elevated in the vein draining the tumor. A diagnosis of CEA-produdng benign adenoma was made. After preoperative management, we performed a combined lateral and anterior transperitoneal laparoscopic adrenectomy. Her vital signs remained stable during surgery. Histopathological examination revealed a benign adenoma. Her cortisol, catecholamine and CEA levels normalized immediately after surgery. We present, to the best of our knowledge, the first case of CEA-roducin gadrenal adenoma, along with a review of the relevant literature, and discuss our laparoscopic surgery techniques.

  7. Outcomes for single-incision laparoscopic colectomy surgery in obese patients: a case-matched study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keller, Deborah S; Ibarra, Sergio; Flores-Gonzalez, Juan Ramon; Ponte, Oscar Moreno; Madhoun, Nisreen; Pickron, T Bartley; Haas, Eric M

    2016-02-01

    Single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) is safe and feasible for benign and malignant colorectal diseases. SILS offers several patient-related benefits over multiport laparoscopy. However, its use in obese patients has been limited from concerns of technical difficulty, oncologic compromise, and higher complication and conversion rates. Our objective was to evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of SILS for colectomy in obese patients. Review of a prospective database identified patients undergoing elective colectomy using SILS from 2009 to 2014. They were stratified into obese (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m(2)) and non-obese cohorts (BMI obese cohort had significantly higher BMI (p obese. There were no significant differences in conversion rates (p = 0.682), final incision length (p = 0.088), LOS (p = 0.332), postoperative complications (p = 0.430), or readmissions (p = 1.000) in the obese versus non-obese. Further, in malignant cases, lymph nodes harvested (p = 0.757) and negative distal margins (p = 1.000) were comparable across cohorts. Single-incision laparoscopic colectomy in obese patients had significantly longer operative times, but comparable conversion rates, oncologic outcomes, lengths of stay, complication, and readmission rates as the non-obese cohorts. In the obese, where higher morbidity rates are typically associated with surgical outcomes, SILS may be the ideal platform to optimize outcomes in colorectal surgery. With additional operative time, the obese can realize the same clinical and quality benefits of minimally invasive surgery as the non-obese.

  8. Compact forceps manipulator using friction wheel mechanism and gimbals mechanism for laparoscopic surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suzuki, Takashi; Katayama, Youichi; Kobayashi, Etsuko; Sakuma, Ichiro

    2005-01-01

    This paper reports evaluation of compact forceps manipulator designed for assisting laparoscopic surgery. The manipulator consists of two miniaturized parts; friction wheel mechanism which rotates and translates forceps (62 x 52 x 150[mm3], 0.6 [kg]), and gimbals mechanism which provides pivoting motion of forceps around incision hole on the abdomen (135 x 165 x 300 [mm3], 1.1 [kg]). The four-DOF motion of forceps around the incision hole on the abdomen in laparoscopic surgery is realized. By integration with robotized forceps or a needle insertion robot, it will work as a compact robotic arm in a master-slave system. It can also work under numerical control based on the computerized surgical planning. This table-mounted miniaturized manipulator contributes to the coexistence of clinical staffs and manipulators in the today's crowded operating room. As the results of mechanical performance evaluation with load of 4 [N], positioning accuracy was less than 1.2 [deg] in pivoting motion, less than 4 [deg] in rotation of forceps, less than 1.2 [mm] in longitudinal translation of forceps. As future works, we will modify mechanism for sterilization and safety improvement, and also integrate this manipulator with robotized forceps to build a surgery assisting robotic system.

  9. The Role of the Single Incision Laparoscopic Approach in Liver and Pancreatic Resectional Surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nikolaos A. Chatzizacharias

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Single incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS has gained increasing support over the last few years. The aim of this narrative review is to analyse the published evidence on the use and potential benefits of SILS in hepatic and pancreatic resectional surgery for benign and malignant pathology. Methods. Pubmed and Embase databases were searched using the search terms “single incision laparoscopic”, “single port laparoscopic”, “liver surgery”, and “pancreas surgery”. Results. Twenty relevant manuscripts for liver and 9 for pancreatic SILS resections were identified. With regard to liver surgery, despite the lack of comparative studies with other minimal invasive techniques, outcomes have been acceptable when certain limitations are taken into account. For pancreatic resections, when compared to the conventional laparoscopic approach, SILS produced comparable results with regard to intra- and postoperative parameters, including length of hospitalisation and complications. Similarly, the results were comparable to robotic pancreatectomies, with the exception of the longer operative time reported with the robotic approach. Discussion. Despite the limitations, the published evidence supports that SILS is safe and feasible for liver and pancreatic resections when performed by experienced teams in the tertiary setting. However, no substantial benefit has been identified yet, especially compared to other minimal invasive techniques.

  10. Comparative health technology assessment of robotic-assisted, direct manual laparoscopic and open surgery: a prospective study

    OpenAIRE

    Turchetti, Giuseppe; Pierotti, Francesca; Palla, Ilaria; Manetti, Stefania; Freschi, Cinzia; Ferrari, Vincenzo; Cuschieri, Alfred

    2016-01-01

    Background Despite many publications reporting on the increased hospital cost of robotic-assisted surgery (RAS) compared to direct manual laparoscopic surgery (DMLS) and open surgery (OS), the reported health economic studies lack details on clinical outcome, precluding valid health technology assessment (HTA). Methods The present prospective study reports total cost analysis on 699 patients undergoing general surgical, gynecological and thoracic operations between 2011 and 2014 in the Italia...

  11. Concurrent management of bilateral ureteropelvic junction obstruction in children using robotic-assisted laparoscopic surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Drew A. Freilich

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Bilateral ureteropelvic junction (UPJ obstruction occurs infrequently. When surgical management is deemed necessary, staged pyeloplasties traditionally have been recommended to minimize the morbidity associated with performing procedures concurrently. With the advent of robotic-assistance, concurrent surgical management can more readily be performed laparoscopically. In this report, we evaluated the safety and outcome of managing patients with bilateral UPJ obstruction with concurrent robotic-assisted laparoscopic pyeloplasty. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of five patients with bilateral ureteropelvic junction obstruction who underwent concurrent bilateral robotic-assisted pyeloplasties at our institution between October 2003 and April 2007. Technical consideration for patient positioning, robotic set-up, port placement, and the use of a hitch stitches was assessed. The operative time, complications, analgesic needs, length of hospitalization, and overall success of the procedure were evaluated. RESULTS: Operative time ranged from 235 to 541 minutes (mean = 384. Estimated blood loss was 5-100 cc (mean = 48.0. Length of hospitalization ranged from 1.3 to 3.6 days (mean = 2.4. Ureteral stents were removed 3-8 weeks postoperatively. There were no complications. All kidneys demonstrated decreased hydronephrosis on postoperative ultrasound or improved drainage parameters on diuretic renography or IVP. CONCLUSIONS: Simultaneous bilateral robotic-assisted laparoscopic pyeloplasties utilizing 4-port access is feasible and safe. It provides an effective method of managing patients with bilateral UPJ obstruction, avoiding the burden and morbidity of performing staged surgeries.

  12. Do elderly patients have the most to gain from laparoscopic surgery?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tyler Chesney

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Populations are aging worldwide, people are living longer, and the surgical needs of elderly patients are rising. Laparoscopic techniques have become more common with improved training, surgeon skill and evidence of improved outcomes. Benefits of laparoscopy include decreased blood loss, postoperative pain, and hospital length of stay; improved mobilization, quicker return to normal activity; and fewer pulmonary, thrombotic, and abdominal wall complications. Indeed, for many common pathologies laparoscopy has become the gold standard, unless contraindicated. It has been questioned as to whether elderly patients can reap the same benefits from laparoscopic surgery. The concern in elderly patients is that physiologic demands may outweigh the benefit seen in younger patients. This question stems from concerns related to longer operative times, increased technical challenge, as well as the impact of physiologic demands of pneumoperitoneum and patient positioning. However, with anesthesia and adequate perioperative cardiac care, there is no evidence that these factors lead to worse clinical outcomes in elderly patients. In contrast, perhaps elderly patients – with increased prevalence of multi-morbidity, geriatric syndromes and diminished physiologic reserve – have the most to gain from a laparoscopic approach.

  13. Laparoscopic Cytoreductive Surgery and HIPEC in Patients with Limited Pseudomyxoma Peritonei of Appendiceal Origin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Esquivel, Jesus; Averbach, Andrew

    2012-01-01

    Introduction. Increasing numbers of patients with pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP) of appendiceal origin are being evaluated with a low tumor burden. We explored a minimally invasive approach for this group of patients. Materials and Methods. We designed a protocol in which patients with a PMP diagnosis would have a diagnostic laparoscopy. If limited carcinomatosis (PCI ≤ 10) is identified, the procedure will continue laparoscopically. If extensive carcinomatosis (PCI > 10) is found, then the procedure will be converted to an open approach. Results. From December 2008 to December 2011, 19 patients had a complete cytoreduction and HIPEC: 18 of them (95%) were done laparoscopically and 1 of them (5%) was converted to an open procedure. Mean PCI was 4.2. Grade 3 morbidity was 0, and one patient (5%) experienced a grade 4 complication, needing a reoperation for an internal hernia. There were no mortalities. Mean length of hospital stay was 5.3 days. At a mean follow-up of 17 months (1-37) all 19 patients are alive and free of disease. Conclusion. This study demonstrates that cytoreductive surgery and HIPEC via the laparoscopic route is feasible and safe and should be offered to patients with limited pseudomyxoma peritonei of appendiceal origin.

  14. Effects of Low-Flow Sevoflurane Anesthesia on Pulmonary Functions in Patients Undergoing Laparoscopic Abdominal Surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doger, Cihan; Kahveci, Kadriye; Ornek, Dilsen; But, Abdulkadir; Aksoy, Mustafa; Gokcinar, Derya; Katar, Didem

    2016-01-01

    Objective. The aim of this prospective, randomized study was to investigate the effects of low-flow sevoflurane anesthesia on the pulmonary functions in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Methods. Sixty American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status classes I and II patients scheduled for elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy were included in the study. Patients were randomly allocated to two study groups: high-flow sevoflurane anesthesia group (Group H, n = 30) and low-flow sevoflurane anesthesia group (Group L, n = 30). The fresh gas flow rate was of 4 L/min in high-flow sevoflurane anesthesia group and 1 L/min in low-flow sevoflurane anesthesia group. Heart rate (HR), mean arterial blood pressure (MABP), peripheral oxygen saturation (SpO2), and end-tidal carbon dioxide concentration (ETCO2) were recorded. Pulmonary function tests were performed before and 2, 8, and 24 hours after surgery. Results. There was no significant difference between the two groups in terms of HR, MABP, SpO2, and ETCO2. Pulmonary function test results were similar in both groups at all measurement times. Conclusions. The effects of low-flow sevoflurane anesthesia on pulmonary functions are comparable to high-flow sevoflurane anesthesia in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

  15. Effects of Low-Flow Sevoflurane Anesthesia on Pulmonary Functions in Patients Undergoing Laparoscopic Abdominal Surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cihan Doger

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. The aim of this prospective, randomized study was to investigate the effects of low-flow sevoflurane anesthesia on the pulmonary functions in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Methods. Sixty American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA physical status classes I and II patients scheduled for elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy were included in the study. Patients were randomly allocated to two study groups: high-flow sevoflurane anesthesia group (Group H, n=30 and low-flow sevoflurane anesthesia group (Group L, n=30. The fresh gas flow rate was of 4 L/min in high-flow sevoflurane anesthesia group and 1 L/min in low-flow sevoflurane anesthesia group. Heart rate (HR, mean arterial blood pressure (MABP, peripheral oxygen saturation (SpO2, and end-tidal carbon dioxide concentration (ETCO2 were recorded. Pulmonary function tests were performed before and 2, 8, and 24 hours after surgery. Results. There was no significant difference between the two groups in terms of HR, MABP, SpO2, and ETCO2. Pulmonary function test results were similar in both groups at all measurement times. Conclusions. The effects of low-flow sevoflurane anesthesia on pulmonary functions are comparable to high-flow sevoflurane anesthesia in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

  16. Disturbances in the circadian pattern of activity and sleep after laparoscopic versus open abdominal surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gögenur, Ismail; Bisgaard, Thue; Burgdorf, Stefan

    2008-01-01

    scale (sleep quality, general well-being and pain) and fatigue was measured by a ten-point fatigue scale. The activity levels of the patients were monitored by actigraphy (a wrist-worn device measuring patient activity). Measures of circadian activity level [interday stability (IS), intraday variability......BACKGROUND: Studies on the circadian variation in bodily functions and sleep are important for understanding the pathophysiological processes in the postoperative period. We aimed to investigate changes in the circadian variation in activity after minimally invasive surgery (laparoscopic...

  17. Nitrogenous subcutaneous emphysema caused by spray application of fibrin glue during retroperitoneal laparoscopic surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matsuse, Shinji; Maruyama, Atsushi; Hara, Yoshiki

    2011-06-01

    We report a case of a patient treated by retroperitoneoscopic partial nephrectomy who developed nitrogenous subcutaneous emphysema (SCE) as a complication. The use of a nitrogen gas-pressured fibrin tissue adhesive applied as a spray caused excessively increased pressure in the closed retroperitoneal space and resulted in widespread SCE with protracted clinical course. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of nitrogenous SCE associated with pneumoperitoneum. The clinical significance of nitrogenous SCE is emphasized, and the risks associated with the use of fibrin glue as a spray during laparoscopic surgery are discussed.

  18. Acute gastric incarceration from thoracic herniation in pregnancy following laparoscopic antireflux surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brygger, Louise; Fristrup, Claus Wilki; Harbo, Frederik Severin Gråe;

    2013-01-01

    Diaphragmatic hernia is a rare complication in pregnancy which due to misdiagnosis or management delays may be life-threatening. We report a case of a woman in the third trimester of pregnancy who presented with sudden onset of severe epigastric and thoracic pain radiating to the back. Earlier...... in the index pregnancy, she had undergone laparoscopic antireflux surgery (ARS) for a hiatus hernia because of severe gastro-oesophageal reflux. Owing to increasing epigastric pain a CT scan was carried out which diagnosed wrap disruption with gastric herniation into the thoracic cavity and threatened...

  19. Laparoscopic Spleen Removal (Splenectomy)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Laparoscopic Appendectomy Surgery Patient Information from SAGES Laparoscopic Colon Resection Surgery Patient Information from ... and Endoscopic Surgeons 11300 W. OIympic Blvd Suite 600 Los Angeles, CA 90064 USA webmaster@sages.org Tel: (310) 437- ...

  20. Laparoscopic Adrenal Gland Removal

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Laparoscopic Appendectomy Surgery Patient Information from SAGES Laparoscopic Colon Resection Surgery Patient Information from ... and Endoscopic Surgeons 11300 W. OIympic Blvd Suite 600 Los Angeles, CA 90064 USA webmaster@sages.org Tel: (310) 437- ...

  1. Total intravenous anaesthesia versus inhalational anaesthesia for adults undergoing transabdominal robotic assisted laparoscopic surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herling, Suzanne Forsyth; Dreijer, Bjørn; Wrist Lam, Gitte; Thomsen, Thordis; Møller, Ann Merete

    2017-04-04

    Rapid implementation of robotic transabdominal surgery has resulted in the need for re-evaluation of the most suitable form of anaesthesia. The overall objective of anaesthesia is to minimize perioperative risk and discomfort for patients both during and after surgery. Anaesthesia for patients undergoing robotic assisted surgery is different from anaesthesia for patients undergoing open or laparoscopic surgery; new anaesthetic concerns accompany robotic assisted surgery. To assess outcomes related to the choice of total intravenous anaesthesia (TIVA) or inhalational anaesthesia for adults undergoing transabdominal robotic assisted laparoscopic gynaecological, urological or gastroenterological surgery. We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL; 2016 Issue 5), Ovid MEDLINE (1946 to May 2016), Embase via OvidSP (1982 to May 2016), the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) via EBSCOhost (1982 to May 2016) and the Institute for Scientific Information (ISI) Web of Science (1956 to May 2016). We also searched the International Standard Randomized Controlled Trial Number (ISRCTN) Registry and Clinical trials gov for ongoing trials (May 2016). We searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) including adults, aged 18 years and older, of both genders, treated with transabdominal robotic assisted laparoscopic gynaecological, urological or gastroenterological surgery and focusing on outcomes of TIVA or inhalational anaesthesia. We used standard methodological procedures of Cochrane. Study findings were not suitable for meta-analysis. We included three single-centre, two-arm RCTs involving 170 participants. We found one ongoing trial. All included participants were male and were undergoing radical robotic assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RALRP). The men were between 50 and 75 years of age and met criteria for American Society of Anesthesiologists physical classification scores (ASA) I, ll and III.We found

  2. Laparoscopic repair of incisional and parastomal hernias after major genitourinary or abdominal surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kozlowski, P M; Wang, P C; Winfield, H N

    2001-03-01

    Abdominal wall or parastomal hernias following major genitourinary or abdominal surgery are a significant surgical problem. Open surgical repair is difficult because of adhesion formation and poor definition of the hernia fascial edges. Laparoscopic intervention has allowed effective correction of these abdominal wall hernias. From November 1997 to June 2000, 14 male and 3 female patients underwent laparoscopic abdominal wall herniorrhaphy at our institution. Of these, 13 patients received incisional and 4 parastomal hernia repair. All hernia defects were repaired using a measured piece of Gore-Tex DualMesh. A retrospective review of each patient's history and operative characteristics was undertaken. All repairs were successful. No patient required conversion to an open procedure, and there were no intraoperative complications. The average operative time was 4 (range 2.5-6.5) and 4.3 (range 3.75-5.5) hours in the incisional and parastomal group, respectively. The average hospital stay was 4.9 days (range 2-12) for the incisional group and 3.8 (range 3-4) days for the parastomal group. To date, two patients experienced a recurrence of incisional hernias, at 5 and 8 months postoperatively. No recurrences have developed in the parastomal hernia repairs at 2 to 33 months. Laparoscopic repair of abdominal wall incisional or parastomal hernias provides an excellent anatomic correction of such defects. Adhesions are lysed under magnified laparoscopic vision, and the true limits of the fascial defects are clearly identified. The DualMesh is easy to work with and has yielded excellent results. A comparison with open repair with respect to perioperative factors and long-term success is currently under way.

  3. Should general surgery residents be taught laparoscopic pyloromyotomies? An ethical perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Escobar, Mauricio A; Hartin, Charles W; McCullough, Laurence B

    2014-01-01

    The authors examine the ethical implications of teaching general surgery residents laparoscopic pyloromyotomy. Using the authors' previously presented ethical framework, and examining survey data of pediatric surgeons in the United States and Canada, a rigorous ethical argument is constructed to examine the question: should general surgery residents be taught laparoscopic pyloromyotomies? A survey was constructed that contained 24 multiple-choice questions. The survey included questions pertaining to surgeon demographics, if pyloromyotomy was taught to general surgery and pediatric surgery residents, and management of complications encountered during pyloromyotomy. A total of 889 members of the American Pediatric Surgical Association and Canadian Association of Paediatric Surgeons were asked to participate. The response rate was 45% (401/889). The data were analyzed within the ethical model to address the question of whether general surgery residents should be taught laparoscopic pyloromyotomies. From an ethical perspective, appealing to the ethical model of a physician as a fiduciary, the answer is no. We previously proposed an ethical model based on 2 fundamental ethical principles: the ethical concept of the physician as a fiduciary and the contractarian model of ethics. The fiduciary physician practices medicine competently with the patient’s best interests in mind. The role of a fiduciary professional imposes ethical standards on all physicians, at the core of which is the virtue of integrity, which requires the physician to practice medicine to standards of intellectual and moral excellence. The American College of Surgeons recognizes the need for current and future surgeons to understand professionalism, which is one of the 6 core competencies specified by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education. Contracts are models of negotiation and ethically permissible compromise. Negotiated assent or consent is the core concept of contractarian

  4. Factors Associated with Increased Experience of Postoperative Pain after Laparoscopic Gastric Bypass Surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hartwig, Markus; Allvin, Renée; Bäckström, Ragnar; Stenberg, Erik

    2017-07-01

    Patients with high body mass index (BMI), pre-existing pain and young age and women seem to experience more postoperative pain. Few studies have, however, addressed these risk factors amongst obese patients undergoing bariatric surgery. The aim of the present study was to evaluate risk factors for postoperative pain following laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery. In this cohort study, we used data from the PAIN OUT register for postoperative pain during the first 24 h after surgery. Primary outcome measure was severity of pain after surgery. Multivariate analyses were conducted to evaluate BMI, young age, gender and pre-existing pain as independent risk factors for postoperative pain. We included 192 patients in this study. Younger age (B -0.08, 95%CI -0.11 to -0.05/year; p < 0.001), female gender (B 0.92, 95%CI 0.10-1.75; p = 0.029) and pre-existing pain (B 1.06, 95%CI 0.03-2.09; p = 0.044) were all associated with an increased risk for postoperative pain. In the multivariate analyses, only young age ((adjusted OR 0.95, 95%CI 0.92-0.97/year; p < 0.001) and pre-existing pain (adjusted OR 2.56, 95%CI 1.09-6.00; p = 0.031) remained as independent risk factors for severe postoperative pain. Younger age and pre-existing pain are associated with severe postoperative pain during the first 24 h after laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery, whereas female gender and high BMI are not.

  5. Oncological and functional outcomes of salvage renal surgery following failed primary intervention for renal cell carcinoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando G. Abarzua-Cabezas

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Purpose To assess the oncologic and functional outcomes of salvage renal surgery following failed primary intervention for RCC. Materials and Methods We performed a retrospective review of patients who underwent surgery for suspected RCC during 2004-2012. We identified 839 patients, 13 of whom required salvage renal surgery. Demographic data was collected for all patients. Intraoperative and postoperative data included ischemic duration, blood loss and perioperative complications. Preoperative and postoperative assessments included abdominal CT or magnetic resonance imaging, chest CT and routine laboratory work. Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR was calculated according to the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease equation. Results The majority (85% of the patients were male, with an average age of 64 years. Ten patients underwent salvage partial nephrectomy while 3 underwent salvage radical nephrectomy. Cryotherapy was the predominant primary failed treatment modality, with 31% of patients undergoing primary open surgery. Pre-operatively, three patients were projected to require permanent post-operative dialysis. In the remaining 10 patients, mean pre- and postoperative serum creatinine and eGFR levels were 1.35 mg/dL and 53.8 mL/min/1.73 m2 compared to 1.43 mg/dL and 46.6 mL/min/1.73 m2, respectively. Mean warm ischemia time in 10 patients was 17.4 min and for all patients, the mean blood loss was 647 mL. The predominant pathological stage was pT1a (8/13; 62%. Negative surgical margins were achieved in all cases. The mean follow-up was 32.9 months (3.5-88 months. Conclusion While salvage renal surgery can be challenging, it is feasible and has adequate surgical, functional and oncological outcomes.

  6. Laparoscopic surgery for colorectal cancer is safe and has survival outcomes similar to those of open surgery in elderly patients with a poor performance status: subanalysis of a large multicenter case-control study in Japan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niitsu, Hiroaki; Hinoi, Takao; Kawaguchi, Yasuo; Ohdan, Hideki; Hasegawa, Hirotoshi; Suzuka, Ichio; Fukunaga, Yosuke; Yamaguchi, Takashi; Endo, Shungo; Tagami, Soichi; Idani, Hitoshi; Ichihara, Takao; Watanabe, Kazuteru; Watanabe, Masahiko

    2016-01-01

    It remains controversial whether open or laparoscopic surgery should be indicated for elderly patients with colorectal cancer and a poor performance status. In those patients aged 80 years or older with Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status score of 2 or greater who received elective surgery for stage 0 to stage III colorectal adenocarcinoma and had no concomitant malignancies and who were enrolled in a multicenter case-control study entitled "Retrospective study of laparoscopic colorectal surgery for elderly patients" that was conducted in Japan between 2003 and 2007, background characteristics and short-term and long-term outcomes for open surgery and laparoscopic surgery were compared. Of the 398 patients included, 295 underwent open surgery and 103 underwent laparoscopic surgery. There were no significant differences in the baseline characteristics between open surgery and laparoscopic surgery patients, except for previous abdominal surgery and TNM stage. The median operation duration was shorter with open surgery (open surgery, 153 min; laparoscopic surgery, 202 min; P cancer patients with a poor performance status is safe and not inferior to open surgery in terms of overall survival.

  7. A RETROSPECTIVE CLINICAL STUDY OF LAPAROSCOPIC AND OPEN SURGERY FOR CHOLECYSTECTOMY PROCEDURE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Konduru Siva Prasada Raju

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND The gall stone is one of the commonest ailments for which the hospital doors are knocked in India. Recent statistics suggest that about 15 to 30 percent of women in the fourth and fifth decade of life commonly suffer from this. The gall bladder should not be removed just considering the fact that the stones are there but the stones are formed in it and one major problem is its recurrence. Recent non – operative procedures like shock wave therapy and drugs are non - promising. Minimal access surgery is now the trend in any kind of surgery and cholecystectomy is no exception. Initially there was a huge benefit seen but now more and more complications are reported. In this study an effort has been put to understand the complications involved in both the Laparoscopic and Open type of surgery. This study is intended to help the practicing surgeon to anticipate the commonly involved complications in both the type of surgeries and also to help them understand the pros and cons of each type especially in resource challenged settings. MATERIALS AND METHODS This study was done in the Department of General Surgery in RIMS Medical College at Ongole. This study was done from January 2014 to December 2016. A sample size of 131 patients was selected and the retrospective analysis was done. RESULTS The mean age of the population in the sample size was 44.18 years and the range of the patients included from 10 years to 81 years. There were thirty seven males and ninety four females in the total study population. Female preponderance was seen which was statistically significant. Open surgery is the method of choice in an emergencyod of choice in case of emergency.All twenty three patients who underwent open surgery had significant post operative pain complained of post - operative pain requiring analgesic intervention. Only two patients complained of post – operative pain in case of laparoscopic procedure and none of them needed analgesics. Other

  8. Is There a Cosmetic Advantage to Single-Incision Laparoscopic Surgical Techniques Over Standard Laparoscopic Surgery? A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evans, Luke; Manley, Kate

    2016-06-01

    Single-incision laparoscopic surgery represents an evolution of minimally invasive techniques, but has been a controversial development. A cosmetic advantage is stated by many authors, but has not been found to be universally present or even of considerable importance by patients. This systematic review and meta-analysis demonstrates that there is a cosmetic advantage of the technique regardless of the operation type. The treatment effect in terms of cosmetic improvement is of the order of 0.63.

  9. Portomesenteric venous thrombosis: A rare but probably under-reported complication of laparoscopic surgery: A case series

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goh, Yan Mei; Tokala, Ajay; Hany, Tarek; Pursnani, Kishore G.; Date, Ravindra S.

    2017-01-01

    Portomesenteric venous thrombosis (PMVT) is a rare but well-reported complication following laparoscopic surgery. We present three cases of PMVT following laparoscopic surgery. Our first case is a 71-year-old morbidly obese woman admitted for elective laparoscopic giant hiatus hernia (LGHH) repair. Post-operatively, she developed multi-organ dysfunction and computed tomography scan revealed portal venous gas and extensive small bowel infarct. The second patient is a 51-year-old man with known previous deep venous thrombosis who also had elective LGHH repair. He presented 8 weeks post-operatively with severe abdominal pain and required major bowel resection. Our third case is an 86-year-old woman who developed worsening abdominal tenderness 3 days after laparoscopic right hemicolectomy for adenocarcinoma and was diagnosed with an incidental finding of thrombus in the portal vein. She did not require further surgical intervention. The current guidelines for thromboprophylaxis follow-up in this patient group may not be adequate for the patients at risk. Hence, we propose prolonged period of thromboprophylaxis in the patients undergoing major laparoscopic surgery. PMID:28281480

  10. Two-port vs. three-port laparoscopic appendicectomy: A bridge to least invasive surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ashwin Rammohan

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The conventional three-port technique for laparoscopic appendicectomy has proven its worth in the management of appendicular pathologies. From a cosmetic viewpoint, the umbilical and suprapubic port-sites are hidden by natural camouflages, the right Iliac fossa (RIF port is the only visible external sign of surgery. The two-port technique avoids even this marker of abdominal invasion. In this study, we describe the technique of two-port laparoscopic appendicectomy (TPA and compare it with conventional laparoscopic appendicectomy (CLA. Materials and Methods: All patients studied underwent operation for acute appendicitis during a 6-month period. Data were collected prospectively for the TPA and retrospectively for the CLA. The TPA was performed with one 10 mm umbilical working port and one 5 mm suprapubic camera port. A hypodermic needle was introduced in the RIF to retract the appendix. The appendicular artery was controlled with diathermy or ultrasonic shears. The base was ligated with a loop knotted extracorporeally. CLA was performed via the conventional 10 mm umbilical, 5 mm suprapubic and 5 mm RIF ports. The appendicular stump was ligated with an endoloop or an intracorporeal knot. Results: A total of 146 patients underwent surgery over the 6-month period for appendicitis. Out of 62 cases attempted, the TPA was successful in 51 cases, with conversion to the three-port technique in 11. The operative time, complication rates, return to work were comparable between the two groups. Patients who had TPA had a shorter postoperative stay. Conclusion: This is an initial experience with TPA. There is little difference in the operative time, postoperative stay and complications rates between this technique and the conventional three-port one. There is hence little to be lost and a likely benefit to be gained by performing the TPA although a randomised study is necessary.

  11. Development of blood vessel search system using near-infrared light for laparoscopic surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Narita, K.; Nakamachi, E.; Morita, Y.; Hagiwara, A.

    2013-09-01

    Our objective of this study is to develop a miniature and high accuracy automatic 3D blood vessel searching system, which will be introduced in the laparoscopic operation with the minimally invasive surgery. Now, the conventional optical system used in the laparoscopic surgery has many difficulties of blood vessel imaging and detection, because the peripheral bio-tissue located around the blood vessel disturbs the light wave propagation, disperses and refracts. Consequently, only unclear image is obtained. We develop a new blood vessel detecting system by using Near-Infrared (NIR) light, two CMOS camera modules and a comprehensive image processing technique, which is implemented in the laparoscope pipe with 25mm in diameter. We adopt the stereo method for the searching system to determine 3D blood vessel location. The blood vessel visualization system adopts hemoglobin's absorption characteristics of the NIR light, which has high permeability for the bio-tissue and absorbency for the hemoglobin. A sharpening process is employed to improve the image quality of original ones, through the LoG filter and the un-sharp-mask processing. 2D location of the blood vessel is calculated from luminance distribution of the image and its depth is calculated by the stereo method. A validity of our blood vessel visualization and 3D detecting system was examined through the comparison with the imaging and detecting the results of organization phantoms, which embedded at known depths under the surface. Experimental results of depth obtained by our detecting system showed good agreements with the given depths, and the availability of this system is confirmed.

  12. Pain management using acetaminophen throughout postoperative course of laparoscopic colorectal surgery: A case-matched control study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naito, Masanori; Sato, Takeo; Nakamura, Takatoshi; Yamanashi, Takahiro; Miura, Hirohisa; Tsutsui, Atsuko; Watanabe, Masahiko

    2017-05-01

    The main advantage of laparoscopic surgery is that it is minimally invasive because of the use of small incisions. An approach using small incisions offers many benefits including attenuation of surgical wound pain. However, the presence of postoperative pain may undermine the advantages of laparoscopic surgery as a minimally invasive technique. In addition, perioperative pain management is an important factor affecting recovery after surgery. This study investigated the usefulness of a multimodal approach to postoperative pain management with acetaminophen as a baseline analgesic after minimally invasive laparoscopic colorectal surgery. The study included 40 patients who underwent laparoscopic colorectal surgery for colorectal cancer. 20 patients received acetaminophen as a baseline analgesic for postoperative pain management and 20 received epidural anesthesia. The urethral catheter could be removed earlier in the acetaminophen group (2.1 ± 0.22 days postoperatively) compared with the epidural group (4.1 ± 0.45days postoperatively). The frequencies of vertigo were significantly lower in the acetaminophen than epidural group (10.0% and 45.0%, respectively). The frequencies of the use of analgesics on an as-needed basis for postoperative pain relief as well as the variabilities in these frequencies, although not significantly different between the acetaminophen and epidural groups, were lower in the acetaminophen group than the epidural group. We herein demonstrated that postoperative pain management with acetaminophen as a baseline analgesic, and without the use of epidural anesthesia, is a safe and useful analgesic modality.

  13. [Effects of carbon dioxide insufflation on regional cerebral oxygenation during laparoscopic surgery in children: a prospective study].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tuna, Ayca Tas; Akkoyun, Ibrahim; Darcin, Sevtap; Palabiyik, Onur

    2016-01-01

    Laparoscopic surgery has become a popular surgical tool when compared to traditional open surgery. There are limited data on pediatric patients regarding whether pneumoperitoneum affects cerebral oxygenation although end-tidal CO2 concentration remains normal. Therefore, this study was designed to evaluate the changes of cerebral oxygen saturation using near-infrared spectroscope during laparoscopic surgery in children. The study comprised forty children who were scheduled for laparoscopic (Group L, n=20) or open (Group O, n=20) appendectomy. Hemodynamic variables, right and left regional cerebral oxygen saturation (RrSO2 and LrSO2), fraction of inspired oxygen, end-tidal carbon dioxide pressure (PETCO2), peak inspiratory pressure (Ppeak), respiratory minute volume, inspiratory and end-tidal concentrations of sevoflurane and body temperature were recorded. All parameters were recorded after anesthesia induction and before start of surgery (T0, baseline), 15min after start of surgery (T1), 30min after start of surgery (T2), 45min after start of surgery (T3), 60min after start of surgery (T4) and end of the surgery (T5). There were progressive decreases in both RrSO2 and LrSO2 levels in both groups, which were not statistically significant at T1, T2, T3, T4. The RrSO2 levels of Group L at T5 were significantly lower than that of Group O. One patient in Group L had an rSO2 value <80% of the baseline value. Carbon dioxide insufflation during pneumoperitoneum in pediatric patients may not affect cerebral oxygenation under laparoscopic surgery. Copyright © 2015 Sociedade Brasileira de Anestesiologia. Publicado por Elsevier Editora Ltda. All rights reserved.

  14. Effects of carbon dioxide insufflation on regional cerebral oxygenation during laparoscopic surgery in children: a prospective study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tuna, Ayca Tas; Akkoyun, Ibrahim; Darcin, Sevtap; Palabiyik, Onur

    2016-01-01

    Laparoscopic surgery has become a popular surgical tool when compared to traditional open surgery. There are limited data on pediatric patients regarding whether pneumoperitoneum affects cerebral oxygenation although end-tidal CO2 concentration remains normal. Therefore, this study was designed to evaluate the changes of cerebral oxygen saturation using near-infrared spectroscope during laparoscopic surgery in children. The study comprised forty children who were scheduled for laparoscopic (Group L, n=20) or open (Group O, n=20) appendectomy. Hemodynamic variables, right and left regional cerebral oxygen saturation (RrSO2 and LrSO2), fraction of inspired oxygen, end-tidal carbon dioxide pressure (PETCO2), peak inspiratory pressure (Ppeak), respiratory minute volume, inspiratory and end-tidal concentrations of sevoflurane and body temperature were recorded. All parameters were recorded after anesthesia induction and before start of surgery (T0, baseline), 15min after start of surgery (T1), 30min after start of surgery (T2), 45min after start of surgery (T3), 60min after start of surgery (T4) and end of the surgery (T5). There were progressive decreases in both RrSO2 and LrSO2 levels in both groups, which were not statistically significant at T1, T2, T3, T4. The RrSO2 levels of Group L at T5 were significantly lower than that of Group O. One patient in Group L had an rSO2 value <80% of the baseline value. Carbon dioxide insufflation during pneumoperitoneum in pediatric patients may not affect cerebral oxygenation under laparoscopic surgery. Copyright © 2015 Sociedade Brasileira de Anestesiologia. Published by Elsevier Editora Ltda. All rights reserved.

  15. Gallbladder Removal Simulation for Laparoscopic Surgery Training:A Hybrid Modeling Method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Youngjun Kim; Dongjune Chang; Jungsik Kim; Sehyung Park

    2013-01-01

    Laparoscopic surgery has many advantages,but it is difficult for a surgeon to achieve the necessary surgical skills.Recently,virtual training simulations have been gaining interest because they can provide a safe and efficient learning environment for medical students and novice surgeons.In this paper,we present a hybrid modeling method for simulating gallbladder removal that uses both the boundary element method (BEM) and the finite element method (FEM).Each modeling method is applied according to the deformable properties of human organs:BEM for the liver and FEM for the gallbladder.Connective tissues between the liver and the gallbladder are also included in the surgical simulation.Deformations in the liver and the gallbladder models are transferred via connective tissue springs using a mass-spring method.Special effects and techniques are developed to achieve realistic simulations,and the software is integrated into a custom-designed haptic interface device.Various computer graphical techniques are also applied in the virtual gallbladder removal laparoscopic surgery training.The detailed techniques and the results of the simulations are described in this paper.

  16. The use of VR distraction to decrease pain after laparoscopic bariatric surgery: a case study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoyus, Kattia Cabas; Cardenas-López, Georgina; Maldonado, Jose Gutierrez; Ruiz-Esquivel, Ma Fernanda; Torres-Villalobos, Gonzalo

    2012-01-01

    One of the advantages of laparoscopic bariatric surgery is the reduced level of postoperative pain. In some cases, however, the pain level may be high. This is a challenge for specialists. This case study explores the use of VR distraction in an 18 year-old patient who had undergone laparoscopic bariatric surgery and who reported pain during the postoperative period. The study was conducted in a Level III Private Hospital in Mexico City where the patient was hospitalized. The patient was administered standard analgesic during VR distraction, which lasted a total of 40 minutes divided into two sessions. The scores of three visual analogue scales and catastrophism were the dependent variables of this study. The scales were administered before and after the VR distraction intervention. The patient reported lower pain levels after VR distraction and reductions in some components of catastrophism. This study proves that VR distraction can be effective not only in reducing the physical component of pain (a notion that is already well established) but also the cognitive/affective component. More controlled studies of the issue are required.

  17. Ergonomics, user comfort, and performance in standard and robot-assisted laparoscopic surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van der Schatte Olivier, R H; Van't Hullenaar, C D P; Ruurda, J P; Broeders, I A M J

    2009-06-01

    Robot-assisted surgical systems have been introduced to improve the outcome of minimally invasive surgery. These systems also have the potential to improve ergonomics for the surgeon during endoscopic surgery. This study aimed to compare the user's mental and physical comfort in performing standard laparoscopic and robot-assisted techniques. Surgical performance also was analyzed. In this study, 16 surgically inexperienced participants performed three tasks using both a robotic system and standard laparoscopic instrumentation. Distress was measured using questionnaires and an ambulatory monitoring system. Surgical performance was analyzed with time-action analysis. The physiologic parameters (p = 0.000), the questionnaires (p = 0.000), and the time-action analysis (p = 0.001) favored the robot-assisted group in terms of lower stress load and an increase in work efficiency. In this experimental setup, the use of a robot-assisted surgical system was of value in both cognitive and physical stress reduction. Robotic assistance also demonstrated improvement in performance.

  18. Evaluation of Clinical Outcome after Laparoscopic Antireflux Surgery in Clinical Practice: Still a Controversial Issue

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandro Contini

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Laparoscopic antireflux surgery has shown to be effective in controlling gastroesophageal reflux (GERD. Yet, a universally accepted definition and evaluation for treatment success/failure in GERD is still controversial. The purpose of this paper is to assess if and how the outcome variables used in the different studies could possibly lead to an homogeneous appraisal of the limits and indications of LARS. Methods. We analyzed papers focusing on the efficacy and outcome of LARS and published in English literature over the last 10 years. Results. Symptoms scores and outcome variables reported are dissimilar and not uniform. The most consistent parameter was patient's satisfaction (mean satisfaction rate: 88.9%. Antireflux medications are not a trustworthy outcome index. Endoscopy and esophageal manometry do not appear very helpful. Twenty-four hours pH metry is recommended in patients difficult to manage for recurrent typical symptoms. Conclusions. More uniform symptoms scales and quality of life tools are needed for assessing the clinical outcome after laparoscopic antireflux surgery. In an era of cost containment, objective evaluation tests should be more specifically addressed. Relying on patient's satisfaction may be ambiguous, yet from this study it can be considered a practical and simple tool.

  19. Value of clinical and laboratory inflammation factors in the postoperative period after laparoscopic urogynecological surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noé, Günter-Karl; Anapolski, Michael; Soltész, Stefan; Spüntrup, Carolin; Mettler, Liselotte; Schollmeyer, Thoralf; Alkatout, Ibrahim

    2015-01-01

    Leukocytes and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels are often used to detect infections. The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic and screening validity of leukocytes and CRP levels as well as body temperature >38° C to predict infections after laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy. The study included 287 patients suffering from genital prolapse higher than POP-Q I. In addition to the sacrocolpopexy, a laparoscopic supracervical hysterectomy was performed in cases of preexisting uterus (n = 171). Leukocytes and CRP levels were analyzed preoperatively and 4 days after surgery. Early and late onset of infections was documented. Urinary tract infection was identified as the most frequent early postoperative complication (11.4%). Early wound infections were found in 2.8% of the patients (8/287). Late onset of infections was found in 1% of patients (3/287). Areas under ROC curves were low for both leukocytes (0.52, 95% CI: 0.37-0.66) and CRP levels (0.60, 95% CI: 0.44-0.77). Our findings question the benefit of routine determination of leukocytes and CRP levels 4 days after surgery. The sensitivity and specificity of leukocytes and CRP levels are probably more significant after normalization of the initial tissue response (days 8-10). © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  20. Nosocomial rapidly growing mycobacterial infections following laparoscopic surgery: CT imaging findings

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    Volpato, Richard [Cassiano Antonio de Moraes University Hospital, Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Vitoria, ES (Brazil); Campi de Castro, Claudio [University of Sao Paulo Medical School, Department of Radiology, Cerqueira Cesar, Sao Paulo (Brazil); Hadad, David Jamil [Cassiano Antonio de Moraes University Hospital, Nucleo de Doencas Infecciosas, Department of Internal Medicine, Vitoria, ES (Brazil); Silva Souza Ribeiro, Flavya da [Laboratorio de Patologia PAT, Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Unit 1473, Vitoria, ES (Brazil); Filho, Ezequiel Leal [UNIMED Diagnostico, Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Unit 1473, Vitoria, ES (Brazil); Marcal, Leonardo P. [The University of Texas M D Anderson Cancer Center, Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Unit 1473, Houston, TX (United States)

    2015-09-15

    To identify the distribution and frequency of computed tomography (CT) findings in patients with nosocomial rapidly growing mycobacterial (RGM) infection after laparoscopic surgery. A descriptive retrospective study in patients with RGM infection after laparoscopic surgery who underwent CT imaging prior to initiation of therapy. The images were analyzed by two radiologists in consensus, who evaluated the skin/subcutaneous tissues, the abdominal wall, and intraperitoneal region separately. The patterns of involvement were tabulated as: densification, collections, nodules (≥1.0 cm), small nodules (<1.0 cm), pseudocavitated nodules, and small pseudocavitated nodules. Twenty-six patients met the established criteria. The subcutaneous findings were: densification (88.5 %), small nodules (61.5 %), small pseudocavitated nodules (23.1 %), nodules (38.5 %), pseudocavitated nodules (15.4 %), and collections (26.9 %). The findings in the abdominal wall were: densification (61.5 %), pseudocavitated nodules (3.8 %), and collections (15.4 %). The intraperitoneal findings were: densification (46.1 %), small nodules (42.3 %), nodules (15.4 %), and collections (11.5 %). Subcutaneous CT findings in descending order of frequency were: densification, small nodules, nodules, small pseudocavitated nodules, pseudocavitated nodules, and collections. The musculo-fascial plane CT findings were: densification, collections, and pseudocavitated nodules. The intraperitoneal CT findings were: densification, small nodules, nodules, and collections. (orig.)

  1. The effects of different oxygen concentrations on recruitment maneuver during general anesthesia for laparoscopic surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Topuz, Ufuk; Salihoglu, Ziya; Gokay, Banu V; Umutoglu, Tarik; Bakan, Mefkur; Idin, Kadir

    2014-10-01

    Recruitment maneuvers (RMs), which aim to ventilate the collaborated alveolus by temporarily increasing the transpulmonary pressure, have positive effects in relation to respiration, mainly oxygenation. Although many studies have defined the pressure values used during RM and the application period, our knowledge of the effects of different oxygen concentrations is limited. In this study, we aimed to determine the effects of different oxygen concentrations during RM on the arterial oxygenation and respiration mechanics in laparoscopic cases. Thirty-two patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy were recruited into the study. The patients were randomly divided into 2 groups. RM with a 30% oxygen concentration was performed in patients within the first group (group I, n=16), whereas patients in the second group (group II, n=16) received RM with 100% oxygen. To study respiratory mechanics, dynamic compliance (Cdyn), airway resistance (Raw), and peak inspiratory pressure were measured at 3 different times: 5 minutes after anesthesia induction, 5 minutes after the abdomen was insufflated, and 5 minutes after the abdomen was desufflated. Arterial blood gases were measured during surgery and 30 minutes after surgery (postoperative). The average postoperative partial arterial oxygen pressure values of the patients in groups I and II were 121 and 98 mm Hg, respectively. The difference between the groups was statistically significant. In addition, the decrease in compliance from induction values after desufflation in group II was statistically significant. On the basis of our results, maintaining oxygen concentrations below 100% during RM may be more beneficial in terms of respiratory mechanics and gas exchange.

  2. LAPAROSCOPIC SURGERY ON UTERUS AND ITS APPENDAGES IN PATIENTS WITH BREAST CANCER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Yu. Sletina

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available One of the components of pathogenetic treatment of patients with breast cancer is castration. The aim of research is to investigate the significance of video assisted laparoscopic surgery on female reproductive organs in the treatment of breast cancer patients. The study is based on analysis of treatment results of 320 breast cancer patients with noncompromised menstruation and presence of steroid hor- mone receptors in tumor tissue. In comparison to surgical techniques used earlier, video assisted endoscopic surgery allows to decrease the aggressiveness of operation, accelerate the rehabilitation of patients, and lower the length of hospital stay. Radiation castration is not always effective: menstruation recovered in some patients. Besides, radiotherapy can not be recommended for patients with patho- logically transformed ovaries. Chemical castration with Zoladex or other analogous drugs is inaccessible for most patients in Russia.

  3. Analgesic treatment in laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery: a systematic review of randomized trials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andersen, Lars P H; Werner, Mads U; Rosenberg, Jacob; Gögenur, Ismail

    2014-03-01

    This review aimed to present an overview of the randomized controlled trials investigating analgesic regimens used in laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) surgery. Literature search was performed in PubMed and EMBASE databases in August 2013 in accordance to PRISMA guidelines. The literature search identified nine studies eligible for inclusion. The administration of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, local anesthetics (intraperitoneally or subfascially/subcutaneously), transversus abdominis plane block, dexmedetomidine, and ketamine may improve analgesia compared to placebo/controls in LRYGB. None of the studies incorporated multimodal procedure-specific analgesic regimens. The Oxford quality scoring system scores indicated a generally limited methodological quality of the included studies. This review documents a need for high-quality, procedure-specific literature concerning analgesic treatment in LRYGB surgery.

  4. The MITK image guided therapy toolkit and its application for augmented reality in laparoscopic prostate surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baumhauer, Matthias; Neuhaus, Jochen; Fritzsche, Klaus; Meinzer, Hans-Peter

    2010-02-01

    Image Guided Therapy (IGT) faces researchers with high demands and efforts in system design, prototype implementation, and evaluation. The lack of standardized software tools, like algorithm implementations, tracking device and tool setups, and data processing methods escalate the labor for system development and sustainable system evaluation. In this paper, a new toolkit component of the Medical Imaging and Interaction Toolkit (MITK), the MITK-IGT, and its exemplary application for computer-assisted prostate surgery are presented. MITK-IGT aims at integrating software tools, algorithms and tracking device interfaces into the MITK toolkit to provide a comprehensive software framework for computer aided diagnosis support, therapy planning, treatment support, and radiological follow-up. An exemplary application of the MITK-IGT framework is introduced with a surgical navigation system for laparos-copic prostate surgery. It illustrates the broad range of application possibilities provided by the framework, as well as its simple extensibility with custom algorithms and other software modules.

  5. Validation of a model of intensive training in digestive laparoscopic surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Enciso, Silvia; Díaz-Güemes, Idoia; Usón, Jesús; Sánchez-Margallo, Francisco Miguel

    2016-02-01

    Our objective was to assess a laparoscopic training model for general surgery residents. Twelve general surgery residents carried out a training program, consisting of a theoretical session (one hour) and a hands-on session on simulator (7 h) and on animal model (13 h). For the first and last repetitions of simulator tasks and the Nissen fundoplication technique, time and scores from the global rating scale objective structured assessment of technical skills (OSATS) were registered. Before and after the course, participants performed 4 tasks on the virtual reality simulator LAPMentor™: 1) hand-eye coordination, 2) hand-hand coordination, 3) transference of objects and 4) cholecystectomy task, registering time and movement metrics. Moreover, the residents completed a questionnaire related to the training components on a 5-point rating scale. The last repetition of the tasks and the Nissen fundoplication technique were performed faster and with a higher OSATS score. After the course, the participants performed all LAPMentor™ tasks faster, increasing the speed of movements in all tasks. Number of movements decreased in tasks 2, 3 and 4; as well as path length in tasks 2 and 4. Training components were positively rated by residents, being the suture task the aspect best rated (4.90 ± 0.32). This training model in digestive laparoscopic surgery has demonstrated to be valid for the improvement of basic and advanced skills of general surgery residents. Intracorporeal suturing and the animal model were the best rated training elements. Copyright © 2015 AEC. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  6. FACTORS AFFECTING CONVERSION OF LAPAROSCOPIC CHOLECYSTECTOMY TO OPEN SURGERY IN A TERTIARY HOSPITAL IN SOUTH INDIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suresh Kumar

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy (LC is most commonly performed hepatobiliary minimally access surgery worldwide. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy has become the standard treatment for symptomatic gallstone diseases. However, there still i