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Sample records for laibin guangxi south

  1. A latest Permian non-reef calcisponge fauna from Laibin, Guangxi, southern China and its significance

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    Ya-Sheng Wu

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available A calcisponge fauna occurs in uppermost Permian Conodont Clarkina meishanensis yini zone of the sequence exposed in the vicinity of Laibin, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, southern China. The fauna is dominated by one thalamid species, Amblysiphonella vesiculosa de Koninck, 1863, and one new sclerosponge genus and species, Radiofibrosclera laibinensis gen. et sp. nov. They are associated with a few other accessory species, including the thalamid sponges Amblysiphonella laibinensis Deng, 1981, Colospongia sp., Polycystocoelia sp., and the inozoan sponge Acoelia discontinua sp. nov. Though the individuals are abundant, the species diversity is very low. Without common calcisponge components of Changhsingian reefal faunas, the assemblage is interpreted as not a reefal fauna. The water depth at which they dwelled was less than 105 m, and more probably less than 40 m. Its occurrence indicates a significant sea-level drop at the end of Late Permian Changhsingian Age.

  2. Opinion on Accelerating the Development of Sugar Industry in Laibin Guangxi%加快广西来宾市糖业发展的几点浅见

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘波

    2011-01-01

    糖业是来宾市的主导产业和支柱产业,文章在分析来宾市糖业发展现状、优势条件和机遇与挑战的基础上,提出了加快来宾市糖业发展的对策建议。%Sugar industry is the leading and pillar industry in Laibin City.The Paper analyzes the development status,advantages,opportunities and challenges of the sugar industry in Laibin,as well as brings forward countermeasures and suggestions for the developmen

  3. New Project in Huacheng Paper of Guangxi State Farms Sugar Group Laid the Foundation Stone

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    @@ The foundation-stone laying ceremony of 200,000 t/y culture paper project in Huacheng Paper, a member of Guangxi State Farms Sugar Group, was held in Laibin, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, on October 18, 2009.

  4. 广西来宾市2008-2013年手足口病流行特征及病原变迁%Epidemiology and pathogenic distribution of hand-foot-mouth diseases from 2008 to 2013 in Laibin City, Guangxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴良勇; 毛伟成; 巫紫琼; 曾柳玉; 蒙南新; 蓝荣伟

    2014-01-01

    目的:了解广西来宾市2008—2013年手足口病流行病学特征及病原变迁,为有针对性地防控手足口病提供依据。方法采用描述性方法对来宾市手足口病疫情资料进行统计分析,用Real time RT-PCR方法进行病毒核酸检测。结果来宾市6年累计报告手足口病38238例,年均发病率为294.78/10万;重症206例,死亡25例,病死率为0.14%,发病高峰为4—7月,以3岁及以下散居和幼托儿童为主。轻症、重症及死亡病例中EV71检测阳性率分别为35.44%、50.49%,两者差异具有统计学意义(χ2=17.97,P<0.001),重症及死亡病例与EV71感染高度相关。结论来宾市手足口病流行危害严重,主要危害3岁及以下散居和幼托儿童;主要病原体逐年变迁;EV71是导致重症及死亡的主要病原体。%Objective To understand the epidemiological characteristics and pathogenic distribution of hand-foot-mouth diseases (HFMD) in Laibin City of Guangxi from 2008 to 2013, and provide evidence for prevention and control.measures. Methods The monitoring data on HFMD from 2008 to 2013 was analyzed with descriptive epidemiology, and the viral nucleic acid was detected by real-time fluorescence RT- PCR method. Results A total of 38 238 HFMD cases including 206 severe, and 25 death cases were reported in the period from 2008 to 2013, the incidence rate was 294.78 per 100 000 persons and the case fatality rate was 0.14 %.The peak of incidence rate was from April to July. Majority of the cases were preschool children aged from 0 to 3 years, who did not attend kindergarten. The positive rate of EV71 in severe/death cases was 50.49% ,with higher than positive rate of 35.44% in the mild cases (χ 2= 17.97, P<0.001). The predominant viral type including other intestinal virus, CoxA16 and EV71 changed year by year continuously from 2008 to 2013. EV71 infections were related to severe/death cases. Conclusions The epidemic situation of HFMD in

  5. The French Electricity Company (EDF) and GEC ALSTHOM have signed the agreement for Chinese Laibin B electric power plant; Electricite de France (EDF) et GEC ALSTHOM signent l'accord de la centrale electrique de Laibin B en Chine

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-09-03

    EDF and GEC ALSTHOM together with the government of Chinese Province Guangxi have organized in Pekin on 3 september 1997 a ceremony for signing a BOOT (Build, Own, Operate, Transfer) contract for the Coal Power Plant (2 x 360 MW) at Laibin B. This is the first Chinese BOOT contract in the power domain entirely financed by foreign capital. The two western companies which were retained for this project, following an international call for offers, invest USD 150 million of its own founds in this USD 600 million project. They will hold 60% and 40% of the capital of the company created for this project, respectively. The construction power plant is planned to be completed at the end of 1999 - beginning of 2000. After 15 years of industrial operation the power plant will be transferred to the autonomous government of the Province Guangxi. The communique contains the following 8 files: 1. The Laibin B power plant; 2. Build, Own, Operate, Transfer; 3. The autonomous Guangxi Province; 4. An outline of EDF in China; 5. Profile/activities of GEC ALSTHOM in China; 6. The 'Credit Agricole Indosuez' in China; 7. BZW Barclays PLC; 8. HSBC Investment Banking in China.

  6. Discovery and significance of microspherules at Lower-Middle Devonian boundary of Guangxi, South China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白志强

    2000-01-01

    Microspherules are found in different fades at the Lower-Middle Devonian boundary, Guangxi, South China. There are more than 20 grains per kilogram rock sample. Composition and form of the microspherules are very similar to those of the microtektites from modern deposits of South Pacific Ocean and F-F boundary (Devonian). This may indicate that the microspherules from Guangxi are most likely the products of an extraterrestrial impact event that occurred at the end of Early Devonian Epoch. The event may be responsible for the biomass reduction and extinction of benthic organisms at the end of Early Devonian. The impact products (ejecta) can be used as a potential tool for stratigraphic correlation.

  7. Discovery and significance of microspherules at Lower-Middle Devonian boundary of Guangxi, South China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    Microspherules are found in different facies at the Lower-Middle Devonian boundary, Guangxi, South China. There are more than 20 grains per kilogram rock sample. Composition and form of the microspherules are very similar to those of the microtektites from modern deposits of South Pacific Ocean and F-F boundary (Devonian). This may indicate that the microspherules from Guangxi are most likely the products of an extraterrestrial impact event that occurred at the end of Early Devonian Epoch. The event may be responsible for the biomass reduction and extinction of benthic organisms at the end of Early Devonian. The impact products (ejecta) can be used as a potential tool for stratigraphic correlation.

  8. Late Changhsingian radiolarian biostratigraphy from Guangxi,South China and its correlation to conodonts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    A well-preserved, abundant radiolarian fauna was obtained from three sections: the Dongpan, Liuqiao, and Paibi sections, in southern Guangxi, South China. Sixteen species belonging to Albaillella and Neoalbaillella, including seven undetermined species, are recognized. On the basis of stratigraphic distribution of these species, two radiolarian zones, the Albaillella triangularis Zone and the Albaillella yaoi Zone, are established. The correlation between radiolarian zones and conodont zones is suggested based on the discovery of coexisting conodonts. Albaillella triangularis and Albaillella yaoi zones correspond to Neogondolella postwangi and Neogondolella yini zones respectively.

  9. 高密度电法与微动技术组合在岩溶塌陷分区中的应用分析--以广西来宾吉利塌陷为例%Application analysis of combining high density resistivity and microtremor survey methods in areas of karst collapse:A case study of the collapse in Jili village,Laibin,Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘伟; 甘伏平; 赵伟; 陈玉玲

    2014-01-01

    In order to verify the applicability of geophysical prospecting technology to the investigation of karst col-lapse,the field research was carried out employing high density resistivity and micro technology methods in Jili vil-lage,Laibin City,Guangxi.It showed that the high density symmetric quadrupole sounding method intuitively re-flected the thickness of the Quaternary overburden layer and the depth of the low resistivity section underground, while micro technology qualitatively analyzed the surface proj ection of the underground river and karst fracture zone. This would be more accurate in the case of circling collapse and unfavorable geologic bodies which caused collapse, such as caves,underground rivers,fault fracture zones and soft soil by combing two methods.It also showed that a low resistivity orthogonal point appeared in the high density profiling curve and its value was about 250Ω·m when the polar distance was 45 m while a great value anomaly appeared on the H/V spectrum and the maximum character-istic frequency was in the range of 2-6 Hz above the underground river or karst fracture zone.On the basis of anom-alies in the high density resistivity method and micro method of the line 2,the two sections circled were easy to col-lapse and one selected to be verified by drilling.Drilling revealed eight caves in limestone covered by a 42 m thick Quaternary overburden,of which the largest cave was up to 5 .7 m in height.%为了验证物探技术在岩溶塌陷调查中的应用效果,本文于广西来宾市吉利村开展了高密度电法和微动技术野外探测研究。结果表明:高密度对称四极电测深能直观地反映第四系覆盖层的厚度和低阻异常的深度,微动技术能定性地判定地下暗河和岩溶破碎带在地表的平面投影,将两种方法相结合能更加准确地圈出塌陷,以及引起塌陷的溶洞、地下河、断层破碎带及软土分布范围。地下暗河或岩溶破碎带在高密度联

  10. Non-Obese Diabetes and Its Associated Factors in an Underdeveloped Area of South China, Guangxi

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tang, Zhenzhu; Fang, Zhifeng; Huang, Wei; Liu, Zhanhua; Chen, Yuzhu; Li, Zhongyou; Zhu, Ting; Wang, Qichun; Simpson, Steve; Taylor, Bruce V.; Lin, Rui

    2016-01-01

    Background: Little research has been conducted on the prevalence of diabetes mellitus in underdeveloped areas in China, especially stratified into obesity and non-obese diabetes. The aim of the present study was to investigate the prevalence and associated factors of non-obese diabetes in an underdeveloped area in South China, Guangxi. Methods: Data derived from the Chinese Health and Nutrition Survey 2010–2012 involved a sample of 3874 adults from Guangxi. Questionnaires and oral glucose-tolerance tests were conducted, and fasting and 2-h glucose levels and serum lipids were measured. Logistic regression analysis was performed to assess associated factors for non-obese diabetes. Results: 68.2% and 62.2% of instances of newly detected diabetes were those of non-obese diabetes based on BMI (NODB) and based on WC (NODW), respectively. The male sex, an age older than 50 years, lower education, hypertension, and hypertriglyceridemia were significantly associated with a higher risk of both NODB and NODW, while some associated factors for NODB were found different from those associated with NODW, and an interaction effect was found to increase the risk of NODW. Conclusions: Our study indicated that non-obese diabetes was highly prevalent in an underdeveloped area of South China. Non-obese diabetes should be considered for increased public attention in these areas. PMID:27706056

  11. Non-Obese Diabetes and Its Associated Factors in an Underdeveloped Area of South China, Guangxi

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    Zhenzhu Tang

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: Little research has been conducted on the prevalence of diabetes mellitus in underdeveloped areas in China, especially stratified into obesity and non-obese diabetes. The aim of the present study was to investigate the prevalence and associated factors of non-obese diabetes in an underdeveloped area in South China, Guangxi. Methods: Data derived from the Chinese Health and Nutrition Survey 2010–2012 involved a sample of 3874 adults from Guangxi. Questionnaires and oral glucose-tolerance tests were conducted, and fasting and 2-h glucose levels and serum lipids were measured. Logistic regression analysis was performed to assess associated factors for non-obese diabetes. Results: 68.2% and 62.2% of instances of newly detected diabetes were those of non-obese diabetes based on BMI (NODB and based on WC (NODW, respectively. The male sex, an age older than 50 years, lower education, hypertension, and hypertriglyceridemia were significantly associated with a higher risk of both NODB and NODW, while some associated factors for NODB were found different from those associated with NODW, and an interaction effect was found to increase the risk of NODW. Conclusions: Our study indicated that non-obese diabetes was highly prevalent in an underdeveloped area of South China. Non-obese diabetes should be considered for increased public attention in these areas.

  12. STUDY ON BOREHOLE LOCATION TECHNIQUES OF PEAK FOREST-PLAIN AREA ——Giving an Example in Laibin County, Guangxi%峰林平原区定井技术研究——以广西来宾峰林平原区为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈伟海; 张之淦

    2001-01-01

    The borehole location techniques were summarized in this article, according to the experiences of groundwater exploration in peak forest-plain area of Laibin County. There are many methods for borehole location, such as geological structure analysis, groundwater-storage structures analysis,hydro-geophysical prospecting, nuclear techniques, et al. The distributed characteristics of fault water-bearing belts and the general position of others groundwater-storage structures can be given for the first time by geological structure analysis. Seven groups of water-bearing structures are given and the characterization of their 3-dimensional geometry and void space texture are summarized, which may serve as geological basis for planning geophysical prospecting work and interpretation of its results. The quantitative & semi-quantitative data of the water-bearing target can be given by hydro-geophysical prospecting. We suggest that multi-methods such as hydrogeology, geophysical prospecting, drilling should be used synthesizely in borehole location.%通过在广西来宾岩溶干旱区的找水实践,将峰林平原区定井技术主要归纳为地质构造方法、蓄水构造方法和综合物探方法。地质构造方法可了解断裂富水带的分布规律,以指导寻找各种蓄水构造;利用蓄水构造方法归纳出该区7类岩溶蓄水构造,并确定其三维几何形状和内部介质特征,为水文物探解释提供地质依据;水文物探方法可提供富水地质体的定量、半定量信息。文章认为地质—物探—钻探工作密切配合和交流,是提高成井率的保证。

  13. New stylophorans (Echinodermata) from the Upper Cambrian of Guangxi, South China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HAN NaiRen; CHEN GuiYing

    2008-01-01

    This paper describes for the first time the cornute stylophorans (Echinodermata) in China. The new material came from the Guole Formation of the Furongian (Late Cambrian) in the Guole area of Jingxi,Guangxi Province, South China. These new cornute specimens are preserved in situ and found along with well-preserved trilobites and brachiopods. One new species, Phyllocystis jingxiensis sp. nov., is proposed to accommodate these unusual materials. The new species is defined by the small,heart-shaped theca with the frame composed of ten narrow, smooth and thick marginal plates, three adoral plates and distinctive zygal and aulacophore. Both supracentrals and infracentrals are polygonal-outlined. The marginal plate M/ on the inferior face extends posteriorly to form zygal that possesses a broadened proximal end and the proximal portion joining with the conjunction between M4 and M5 on the inferior face. Aulacophore comprises ten segments at its proximal part and is conical at the middle part (named stylocone). Its distal portion is rather long and bears conspicuous ambulacrum grooves. Tectals are horizontally arranged on superior face and obliquely arranged on inferior face.Both cothurnopore and anal pyramid are vaguely seen on the right anterior corner and the extremity of theca's superior face.

  14. New stylophorans(Echinodermata) from the Upper Cambrian of Guangxi,South China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    This paper describes for the first time the cornute stylophorans (Echinodermata) in China. The new material came from the Guole Formation of the Furongian (Late Cambrian) in the Guole area of Jingxi, Guangxi Province, South China. These new cornute specimens are preserved in situ and found along with well-preserved trilobites and brachiopods. One new species, Phyllocystis jingxiensis sp. nov., is proposed to accommodate these unusual materials. The new species is defined by the small, heart-shaped theca with the frame composed of ten narrow, smooth and thick marginal plates, three adoral plates and distinctive zygal and aulacophore. Both supracentrals and infracentrals are polygonal-outlined. The marginal plate M1’ on the inferior face extends posteriorly to form zygal that possesses a broadened proximal end and the proximal portion joining with the conjunction between M4 and M5 on the inferior face. Aulacophore comprises ten segments at its proximal part and is conical at the middle part (named stylocone). Its distal portion is rather long and bears conspicuous ambulacrum grooves. Tectals are horizontally arranged on superior face and obliquely arranged on inferior face. Both cothurnopore and anal pyramid are vaguely seen on the right anterior corner and the extremity of theca’s superior face.

  15. Relationship between species diversity and biomass of eucalyptus plantation in Guangxi, south China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yuanguang WEN; Fang CHEN; Shirong LIU; Hongwen LIANG; Changan YUAN; Hongguang ZHU

    2009-01-01

    To reveal the relationship between species diversity and biomass in a eucalyptus (Eucalyptus urophylla × E. grandis) plantation located in the Dongmen State Forestry Farm of Guangxi, south China, 18 sample plots were established and the total biomass, arbor layer biomass and undergrowth biomass of communities were subsequently harvested. The results were as follows: 1) Species richness in eucalypt plantation had remarkable positive correlation with biomass of arbor layer, under growth and community (a = 0.001), its correlation coefficients were 0.6935, 0.7028 and 0.7106 respectively. 2) Leaf area index (LAI) had remarkable positive correlation with species richness and undergrowth biomass (a = 0.001). Its correlation coefficients were 0.7310 and 0.6856, respectively. 3) Arbor layer biomass had remarkable correlation with soil organic matter and hydrolysable N, its correlation coefficients was 0.6416 and 0.6203 respectively. Species richness had remarkable correlation with soil organic matter and correlation coefficient was 0.6359. Among them, the correlation was significant at the 0.1 level. Undergrowth biomass had little correlation with nine soil nutrients and correlation coefficients were under 0.4. To sum up, species diversity was advantageous to the promotion of the biomass of the eucalyptus plantation, and the variation of LAI and soil nutrient in small-scales could result in the difference of species diversity and biomass in different sample plots.

  16. The Upper Devonian orbital cyclostratigraphy and numerical dating conodont zones from Guangxi,South China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GONG; Yiming; XU; Ran; TANG; Zhongdao; LI; Baohua

    2005-01-01

    The hierarchically organized laminae, bundles, bundlesets and superbundlesets which correspond to a sub-Milankovitch, obliquity or precession, eccentricity and long eccentricity cyclothems, respectively, have been distinguished from the Upper Devonian Frasnian-Famennian (F-F) transitional carbonate successions deposited in the carbonate-basin and slope facies of Guangxi, South China. The durations of cyclothems are 8000-10000a, 16667a or 33333a, 100000a and 400000a, respectively. The ratio of eccentricity to precession, eccentricity to obliquity, and long eccentricity to eccentricity is 1:6,1:3 and 1 : 4 in the Devonian,respectively. Orbital cyclostratigraphical studies show that the durations of the conodont falsiovalis Zone, transitans Zone, punctata Zone, Lower hassi Zone, Upper hassi Zone, jamieae Zone,Lower rhenana Zone, Upper rhenana Zone,linguiformis Zone, Lower triangularis Zone, Middle triangularis Zone and Upper triangularis Zone are 0.4, 0.4, 0.4, 0.3, 0.4, 0.2, 0.8, 0.6, 0.8, 0.3, 0.3and 0.3 Ma from bottom to top, respectively, and the duration of the Frasnian is 4.3 Ma. The conodont is the normal marine organism of the latest mass extinction (the latest linguiformis Zone)and the first recovery (including the whole Lower triangularis and Middle triangularis Zone) in the F-F transition. The conodont mass extinction and recovery lasted 200000-100000a and 0.6 Ma,respectively. We consider that average durations of the fossil zones calculated by reported numerical ages divided by fossil zone numbers within a stage or series or system cannot discovery complications and non-uniformity of evolutionary organisms and environments.

  17. Hypersaline and anoxia in the Devonian Frasnian-Famennian transition :Molecular fossil and mineralogical evidence from Guangxi ,South China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GONG Yiming; XU Ran; FENG Qi; ZHANG Lijun; MA Huizhen; ZENG Jianwei

    2007-01-01

    Abundant normal alkanes,isoprenoid hydrocarbons,terpanes and steranes were detected in 23 samples taken from the carbonate platform to basin facies in the Devonian Frasnian-Famennian (F-F) transition of Guangxi,South China.They were mainly derived from the phytoplankton or bacteria and algae.Molecular stratigraphic parameters,abundant micron gypsums and pyrite framboids show that hypersaline and anoxia prevailed in the F-F transition,the highly stressed environments occurred near the F-F boundary.Orbital cyclostratigraphic studies indicate that the hypersaline and anoxia prevailed in the F-F transition spanned an interval at least from the Palmatolepis linguiformis conodont Zone to the Middle Palmatolepis triangularis conodont Zone and lasted about 1.2 Ma.The Devonian marine ecosystem underwent Early Devonian gradual optimization,Middle Devonian to the F-F transitional stepwise deterioration and late Famennian recovery.A positive feedback among higher surface ocean temperatures,hypersaline,water column anoxia, enhanced nutrient regeneration,phytoplankton productivity and eutrophication was probably substantial in the F-F transition in Guangxi,South China,even in other regions of the world,such as Holy Cross Mountains of Poland,Montagne Noire in southern France,Alberta in Canada.The point that should be emphasized is that the decisive and direct causes of the F-F transitional mass extinction would be the stepwise deterioration of the marine ecosystem since the Middle Devonian other than a bolide impact on the earth.The hypersaline and anoxia prevailed in the F-F transition favor the formation and preservation of hydrocarbon source rocks in South China.

  18. PALAEOECOLOGICAL CHANGES AFTER THE END-PERMIAN MASS EXTINCTION: EARLY TRIASSIC OSTRACODS FROM NORTHWESTERN GUANGXI PROVINCE,SOUTH CHINA

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    SYLVIE CRASQUIN-SOLEAU

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available Early Triassic (Griesbachian to Spathian ostracod faunas are here first discovered and described form the Guangxi Province, South China. Thirty-seven species belonging to fourteen genera are recognized. Seven species are new: Bairdia fengshanensis n.sp., Bairdia wailiensis n.sp., Liuzhinia guangxiensis n.sp., Ptychobairdia luciaae n.sp., Ptychobairdia aldaae n.sp., Paracypris jinyaensis n.sp. and Paracypris gaetanii n.sp. The Griesbachian assemblage from the basal microbial limestone is well diversified and does not suggest any abnormal palaeoenvironmental conditions in terms of salinity, temperature or oxygen content. Particularly, the ostracods are typical of well oxygenated water and do not reflect any anoxia. Dienerian and Smithian ostracods are evidenced for the first time and the assemblages suggest less favourable palaeoenviromental conditions. Diversity and abundance of ostracod assemblages recovered from the Spathian on. The main taxonomic turnover among ostracod assemblages occurred seemingly between the Griesbachian and the Spathian.

  19. Early Pleistocene hominid teeth recovered in Mohui cave in Bubing Basin, Guangxi, South China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Wei; Richard Potts; HOU Yamei; CHEN Yunfa; WU Huaying; YUAN Baoyin; HUANG Weiwen

    2005-01-01

    Two hominid teeth recovered in Mohui cave are morphologically distinguished from Australopithecus in Africa, but close to Homo erectus in China. These teeth are therefore provisionally assigned to Homo erectus. The associated mammalian fauna include Gigantopithecus blacki, Nestoritherium sp., Sus xiaozhu, Sus peii and Ailuropoda microta, which are typical early Pleistocene taxa in South China. The general characteristics of the Mohui faunal assemblage are similar to the Longgupo site, which is dated to 2 Ma, implying a contemporaneity for the two sites. To date, compared with the discoveries in Africa, far fewer early Pleistocene hominid fossils have been recovered in Asia, and there are intensive controversies concerning their stratigraphic provenience and typological and temporal positions. The hominid fossils from Mohui cave, with their reliable biostratigraphic positions and distinct typological features, provide important evidence regarding the issue of early human origins and evolution.

  20. Caledonian granitoids in the Jinxiu area, Guangxi, South China: Implications for their tectonic setting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Xiaofeng; Yu, Yong; Wang, Chunzeng

    2017-02-01

    Jinxiu area is tectonically located between the Cathaysia and Yangtze blocks of South China. The area has three granitic plutons, Dajin, Boquan, and Lingzu plutons. Geochemically the plutons are high-K calc-alkaline, depleted in Ba, Sr, P, and Ti and rich in Pb, with decoupled Nb and Ta, and show non-island-arc magmatic affinity. Biotite monzogranite samples collected from the Dajin, Boquan, and Lingzu plutons yield zircon SHRIMP 206Pb/238U ages of 419.0 ± 5.0 Ma, 436.0 ± 4.0 Ma, and 446.1 ± 8.2 Ma, respectively, indicating that the plutons were emplaced during the Late Ordovician to Late Silurian of the Caledonian time. The granodiorite within the Lingzu biotite monzogranite pluton yields a zircon 206Pb/238U age of 174.5 ± 1.9 Ma, indicating a superimposed Late Jurassic magmatic event. The monzogranites and their enclaves show εNd(t) values of - 14.7 to - 11.1 and - 8.0 respectively and TDM2 values of 2.1-2.4 Ga and 1.8 Ga, respectively, demonstrating that the magmas were derived from re-melted Paleoproterozoic continental crust. Based on geochronology and geochemistry of the granitic plutons, as well as regional stratigraphy and paleontology, it is concluded that any existence of oceanic crust and oceanic subduction was unlikely in the Jinxiu area and vicinity during the Paleozoic Caledonian Ordovician-Silurian time.

  1. High-resolution cyclostratigraphy of geochemical records from Permo-Triassic boundary section of Dongpan, southwestern Guangxi, South China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    PENG XingFang; FENG QingLai; Li ZhouBo; MENG YouYan

    2008-01-01

    Spectral analysis is applied to geochemical data from a deep-water Permian-Triassic Boundary (PTB) section across PTB in Dongpan, Guangxi for high-resolution cyclostratigraphic research. The characteristics of the Milankovitch Cycles have been well recorded in the strata of the Dongpan section.Spectrum on Ce/La records shows especially that the ratios among its three preponderant cycles in the section are 5:2:1, which well displays the phenomenon of the sedimentary cycles driven by orbital force. The Milankovitch theory is further confirmed by the Paleozoic records.

  2. Possible impacts of spring sea surface temperature anomalies over South Indian Ocean on summer rainfall in Guangdong-Guangxi region of China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jin, Dachao; Guan, Zhaoyong; Huo, Liwei; Wang, Xudong

    2017-01-01

    Based on observational and reanalysis data for 1979-2015, the possible impacts of spring sea surface temperature anomalies (SSTA) over the South Indian Ocean on the inter-annual variations of summer rainfall in Guangdong and Guangxi Provinces (i.e., the Guangdong-Guangxi area, GG) were analysed in this study. The physical mechanism behind these impacts was explored. Two geographic regions over [65°E-95°E, 35°S-25°S] and [90°E-110°E, 20°S-5°S] were defined as the western pole region and the eastern pole region, respectively, for the GG summer precipitation (PGG)-related South Indian Ocean dipole SSTA pattern (R-SIODP). The difference between springtime SST anomalies averaged over the western pole region and that averaged over the eastern pole region was defined as the R-SIODP index. The correlation between the spring R-SIODP index and GG summer precipitation can reach up to 0.52. In the spring of positive R-SIODP anomaly, southerly winds over the western pole of the R-SIODP weaken, whereas the southeast trade winds over the eastern pole strengthen. By means of the wind-evaporation-SST feedback mechanism, the enhanced southeast trade winds can weaken the evaporation over the western pole of the R-SIODP and enhance the evaporation over the eastern pole. This results in a sustained positive SSTA in the western pole of the R-SIODP and a sustained negative SSTA in the eastern pole, whereby the distribution of the SSTAs maintains until summer. The SST dipole abnormally enhances the cross-equatorial airflow near 105°E, which intensifies the anomalous anti-cyclonic circulation over South China Sea at 850 hPa and simultaneously results in abnormal enhancement of water vapour transport to GG. Additionally, the SST dipole promotes abnormal divergence in the lower troposphere and abnormal convergence in the upper troposphere over the maritime continent (MC) region. Moreover, the low-level convergence in GG is enhanced, which results in abnormal enhancement of ascending

  3. A preliminary biogeochemistry-based quantification of primary productivity of end-Permian deep-water basin in Dongpan Section ,Guangxi ,South China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Yang; HE Weihong; FENG Qinglai

    2007-01-01

    In this Paper,the mean primary productivity of the Talung Formation in the deep-water basin(50-500 m depth)of Dongpan,Guangxi,South China,was calculated,of the content of the trace element Cu.Results showed that the primary productivity obtained was comparable with the previously-reported data for the black shale of the Phosphoria Formation,a Permian phosphate deposit in the northwest United States,and also similar to that of the modern deposit in the Cariaco basin,Venezuela.It was observed that the primary productivity increased with the enhanced abundance of algae and photosynthetic bacteria,and with the decrease in both the radiolarian individuals and the body size of brachiopods during the faunal mass extinction.This ecological coupling indicates that the changes of primary productivity are closely related to the propagation and the decline of producers(algae and bacteria),and that consumers(radiolarians and brachiopods)probably have little influence on the changes of primary productivity.

  4. Microconchids from Microbialites near the Permian-Triassic Boundary in the Zuodeng Section, Baise Area, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, South China and Their Paleoenvironmental Implications

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hao Yang; Zhong-Qiang Chen; Weiquan Ou

    2015-01-01

    Abundant microconchid worm tubes were extracted from the microbialites deposit near the Permian-Triassic boundary at the Zuodeng Section, Baise area, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Re-gion, South China. These calcareous worm tubes were studied in both petrographic thin sections and isolated specimens using optical microscope and sensitive electronic microscope (SEM), respectively. They are categorized into two morphological types: helically coiled and planispirally coiled tubes, which are assignable to Microconchus aberrans (Hohenstein, 1913) and M. utahesis (Zatońet al., 2013), respectively. The tube wall ultrastructure is characterized by laminated micrites, which distinguish the studied microconchids from comparable microgastropods or spirorbid polychaete that usually has shell ultrastructure of spar texture. The overwhelm majority of microconchids from the microbialite possess the planispirally coiled tubes. The lifestyle of extant, morphologically convergent spirorbids suggests that these planispirally coiled microconchids may have colonized in some local oxygenic oases probably produced by photosynthetic cyanobacteria in the oxygen-poor microbialite ecosystem in which they may have settled densely with high competition among various individuals and with other associated animals for oxygen consumption and food soucres. The deleterious environment condition of the mi-crobialite ecosystem immediately after the Permian-Triassic biocrisis is also indicated by various geo-chemical signals derived from the same section. Such a deleterious habitat may be inhospitable for most metazoans, but it has some local oxygenic oases that was favorable for opportunistic taxa to dwell.

  5. Study on the Behavior and Distribution of Arsenic in Tin Smelting Process in Laibin Smeltery%来冶锡系统中砷的行为和分布的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王伟

    2012-01-01

    锡冶炼过程中,杂质砷主要来源于锡精矿。杂质砷在锡冶炼流程中不及时开路,将反复积累,恶性循环,严重影响锡冶炼厂各项技术经济指标和经济效益。因此,杂质砷的及时、有效开路是提高技术经济指标,降低生产成本,提高经济效益的关键之一。文章根据广西华锡集团来宾华锡冶炼有限公司生产实践进行研究,论述了杂质砷在锡冶炼各主要工序中的行为和分布。指出了杂质砷在锡冶炼流程中大量循环对生产的影响,提出了砷开路的初步建议。%In tin smelting process, impurity arsenic mainly comes from tin concetrate. Arsenic will be accumulated, if it can't be removed from process timely, this will lead to a vicious circle and deeply effect the technical and economic index and the economic benefits of tin smeltery. Therefore, removing arsenic timely and efficaciously is the key to improve technical and economic index and reduce production cost. According the study on the production practice in Guangxi Laibin Huaxi Smelting Co., Ltd, this pape discusses the behavior and distribution of arsenic in tin smelting process and indicates the impact of abundant arsenic circulating in smelting process upon production, it also puts forward the suggestions of arsenic removal.

  6. Recent discovery of handaxes associated with tektites in the Nanbanshan locality of the Darnel site, Bose basin, Guangxi, South China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Wei; MO JinYou; HUANG ZhiTao

    2008-01-01

    This paper reports the recent discovery of 176 stone artifacts, including two handaxes (bifacial large cutting tools), which are preserved in the laterized sediments of terrace 4 of the Youjiang River at the Nanbanshan locality of the Damei site in the Bose basin, south China. Their characteristics are similar to Paleolithic stone artifacts discovered from other sites in this basin. The handaxes, picks and other stone artifacts are associated with 155 tektite pieces found in the same horizontal layer. These fresh, unabraded and sharp-edged tektites were buried immediately after the airfall event. This provides fur-ther evidence that the Bose stone artifacts and the tektites were deposited simultaneously around 0.8 Ma. More stone artifacts were also unearthed above the tektite layer, indicating that early humans in the area survived the event.

  7. Geochronology and petrogenesis of Middle Permian S-type granitoid in southeastern Guangxi Province, South China: Implications for closure of the eastern Paleo-Tethys

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Yan-Jun; Wei, Jun-Hao; Santosh, M.; Tan, Jun; Fu, Le-Bing; Zhao, Shao-Qing

    2016-07-01

    The Bangxi-Chenxing suture zone is an important region to address the history of closure of the eastern Paleo-Tethys ocean. Among the widespread S-type granite batholiths in the SE Guangxi Province adjacent to this suture is the Nali granodiorite. Here we report zircon U-Pb ages, major and trace element geochemistry, and Sr-Nd-Hf isotope geochemistry of a newly found Middle Permian S-type granite in this region. LA-ICP-MS zircon U-Pb geochronology yields emplacement ages of 265 ± 2 to 262 ± 2 Ma for the Nali granodiorite. Both the inner and outer phases are characterized by variable SiO2 (66.91-71.39 wt.%), high Al2O3 (12.99-14.04 wt.%), K2O + Na2O (4.78-5.98 wt.%), and A/CNK values (1.11-1.50), resembling those of typical S-type granites. The rocks are enriched in Rb, Th, U and light rare earth elements with weak negative Eu anomalies, and show depletion in Nb, Ta, Ti, with typical arc-like affinity. They have relatively high (87Sr/86Sr)i ratios of 0.7228 to 0.7331, low εNd(t) values of - 13.6 to - 11.9, and low zircon εHf(t) values (- 21.9 to - 8.8). High whole-rock Nd isotopic model ages (2.00-2.02 Ga) and zircon Hf isotopic model ages (1.59-2.20 Ga), indicate that they might have been generated by partial melting of ancient lower crust with minor contribution from mantle sources. The granodiorite shows continental arc affinity and likely formed within a subduction setting. By combining previously extant data for Permo-Triassic arc-/collision-related magmatism in the Jinshajiang-Ailaoshan-Song Ma and Bangxi-Chenxing suture zones, we propose that the subduction of the eastern Paleo-Tethys might have started during Middle Permian triggered by the northward subduction of the Indochina Block (ICB) beneath the South China Block (SCB) and closure during Middle Triassic.

  8. High-resolution cyclostratigraphy of geochemical records from Permo-Triassic boundary section of Dongpan,southwestern Guangxi,South China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    Spectral analysis is applied to geochemical data from a deep-water Permian-Triassic Boundary (PTB) section across PTB in Dongpan, Guangxi for high-resolution cyclostratigraphic research. The characteristics of the Milankovitch Cycles have been well recorded in the strata of the Dongpan section. Spectrum on Ce/La records shows especially that the ratios among its three preponderant cycles in the section are 5:2:1, which well displays the phenomenon of the sedimentary cycles driven by orbital force. The Milankovitch theory is further confirmed by the Paleozoic records.

  9. Petrocodon villosus (Gesneriaceae), a new species from Guangxi, China

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hong, X.; Zhou, S.-B.; Wen, F.

    2014-01-01

    A new species of Gesneriaceae from south-western Guangxi, China, Petrocodon villosus, is described and illustrated. It resembles P. ferrugineus, but is differentiated by several characters, such as the size of bracts, calyx and corolla, the indumentum of leaf blades, calyx, filaments and the outside

  10. Petrocodon villosus (Gesneriaceae), a new species from Guangxi, China

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hong, X.; Zhou, S.-B.; Wen, F.

    2014-01-01

    A new species of Gesneriaceae from south-western Guangxi, China, Petrocodon villosus, is described and illustrated. It resembles P. ferrugineus, but is differentiated by several characters, such as the size of bracts, calyx and corolla, the indumentum of leaf blades, calyx, filaments and the outside

  11. AIDS molecular epidemiological survey in Laibin%来宾市艾滋病分子流行病学调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周方; 骆安德; 蒋就喜; 陶田秀; 黄甲清; 胡婷停; 李赫伟

    2011-01-01

    Objective To make the molecular epidemiological survey on the populations affected with HIV-1 to provide experimental basis for prevention and control of AIDS in Laibin. Methods Combined epidemiological methods with molecular biological methods,the AIDS strains in Laibin were sequenced and its subtype was analyzed. Meanwhile,the way of transmission and the relationship between the characteristics of the epidemiological strains and the various strains of AIDS were analyzed. Result The main transmission way of AIDS is through sex in Laibin among the infected populations,with the epidemical strains B,01-AE, and CRF-BC subtypes, in which CRF-BC strain was the major one. Conclusions AIDS epidemic situation becomes critical in Laibin, and the main subtype is epidemiological reconstruction-type CRF-BC in HIV-1 affected populations,so we should strengthen the monitor of the variation of HIV-1 subtype strains,actively conduct behavioral intervention and make new prevention and therapy strategy timely.%目的 对来宾市HIV-1感染者进行分子流行病学调查,为来宾市艾滋病的防治工作提供实验依据.方法 将流行病学方法 与分子生物学方法 相结合,对来宾市HIV株进行序列测定和亚型分析,总结其传播途径,分析流行毒株特点及各个流行毒株间的关系.结果 来宾市HIV感染者以性传播为主,流行毒株存在B、01-AE、CRF-BC 3种亚型,其中以CRF-BC流行毒株为主.结论 来宾市艾滋病流行形势严峻,HIV-1感染者中以流行重组型亚型CRF-BC为主,应加强对HIV-1毒株亚型变异的监测,积极进行行为干预,及时制定新的防治策略.

  12. 基于AHP和GIS的广西秋旱灾害风险等级评估%Assessment of risk ranking for autumn drought in Guangxi province based on AHP and GIS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李莉; 匡昭敏; 莫建飞; 孟翠丽

    2013-01-01

    disaster prevention and reduction, included rainfall anomaly, little rain days anomaly, topography, hydrographic net, Karst landform, population density, gross domestic product(GDP), arable area, pecuniary loss and real GDP per capita, by use of meteorological data, such as daily rainfall of 88 meteorologic stations, from 1961 to 2010, basic geographic information, consisting of 1:50 000 scale county boundary and hydrographic net, digital elevation model(DEM) (about 100m resolution), and Karst landform(about 1000m resolution), and socio-economic data, containing population density, GDP, real GDP per capita, arable area and pecuniary loss, taking the county as a unit. Then factor weights were obtained by an analytic hierarchy process (AHP), which relied on a judgement matrix and its eigenvalues and eigenvectors, and a consistency test of the matrix, and comprehensive assessment models for agriculture and social economy were established and calculated to get the autumn drought disaster risk index, which ranked distribution by a geographical information system (GIS).The distribution indicated that the higher risk area contains the west of Chongzuo, central and south of Baise, east of Hechi, south of Liuzhou, east and south of Guilin, central and northwest of Laibin, urban of Guigang, and some counties of Nanning. The lower risk area contains the northern mountainous area of Baise, Hechi, Liuzhou and Guilin, most of Fangcheng and Beihai, central and south of Yulin, and most of Pingnan, Guiping, Zhaoping, and Mengshan. Finally the condition of drought disaster was used to validate the distribution. The correlation coefficients were 0.58441 and 0.60393, respectively, of agriculture and social economy, through significance test by 0.05, using the correlate analysis method, by the multivariate analysis tool of ARCGIS. The results showed that the distribution of autumn drought disaster risk is basically consistent with the spatial distribution of drought disaster losses, which in

  13. Choice Food, Choice Restaurant——Guangxi Building Nalan Restaurant

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    The best place in Beijing to enjoy authentic Guangxi cuisine is the Guangxi Building Nalan Restaurant in the Guangxi government Beijing office. Here, amid an authentic southern ambience, you can try the succulent dishes created in this exotic region prepared with local Guangxi ingredients by a Guangxi chef.

  14. 广西平乐鸡母岩发现的晚更新世人类牙齿化石%LATE PLEISTOCENE HOMININ TEETH FROM THE JIMUYAN CAVE,PINGLE COUNTY, GUANGXI,SOUTH CHINA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王頠; 黄超林; 谢绍文; 鄢成林

    2011-01-01

    Five hominin teeth are recently discovered at the Jimuyan Cave in Pingle County, Southern China. The Jimuyan Cave is located at Juntang Village(24° 29' 52. 8" N,110° 50' 0. 79" E) ,20km southeast to the Pingle Town,with 163. 2m above the sea level. Mammalian fauna of the cave consists of eleven species,including: Macaca sp. ,Pongo pygmaeus weidenreichi, Hystrix cf. Subcristata, Ursus thibetanus ,Ahuropoda melanoleuca baconi ,Stegodon orhentalis, Tapirus sinensis,Sus scrofa,Muntiacus sp.,Cervus sp. And Bovidae gen. Et sp. Indet. This faunal assemblage contains four genera that are either extinct or no longer present in this region, including Stegodon, Tapirus, Ailuropoda and Pongo, which is distinctly different from that of Holocene, however similar to that of Late Pleistocene in Southern China. Thus, age of this fauna is dated to Late Pleistocene by biostratigraphy comparison. The hominin teeth in Jimuyan Cave are morphologically different from those of already known Homo erectus and Early Homo sapiens, nevertheless, similar to those of Late Homo sapiens in South China. This finding presents significant fossil evidence for the study of modern hunan origin and evolution in East Asia.The origin of modern humans is a controversial scientific topic at present. Based on fossil evidence of Homo sapiens in Africa are more ancient than that in Eastern Asia. With the results of molecular biology analysis, most of the anthropologists and geneticists support the hypothesis of modern humans originated in Africa. So far,the oldest fossils come from Omo-Kibish and Herto in Ethiopia, with the age of 160ka and 190ka respectively. The characteristics of these fossil skulls are intervenient between Homo sapiens and Homo heidelbergensis. Some of the hominin fossils,dated to 74 ~ 134ka,have been discovered at Klasies estuary in South Africa, but it is difficult to confirm whether these materials belong to modern human. Fossil hominin unearthed at Qafzeh and Skhul in Israel, Middle

  15. Guangxi Aluminum Giant Made Investment in Changfeng

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    <正>A aluminum processing and supporting project (450,000 tons) of Hefei Guangyin Aluminum Company kicked off in Xiatang Town of Changfeng County recently. It is a project jointly invested by Guangxi Investment Group and Guangxi Baise Guangyin Aluminum in Xiatang Town of Changfeng County.

  16. Dinoflagellate cysts in recent marine sediment from Guangxi,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Haifeng Gu; Qi Fang; Jun Sun; Dongzhao Lan; Feng Cai; Zhiyong Gao

    2003-01-01

    Total of 33 species of dinoflagellate cysts were discovered from surface sediment in the searegion of Guangxi, among them 12 cyst types (Diplopsalopsis sp. 1, D. sp.2, D. sp.3, Cochlodiniumsp., Protoperidinium sp. 1, P. sp. 2, P.compressum, Scrippsiella sp. 1, S. sp. 2, Alexandriumsp. 1, A. sp. 2, A. sp. 3) were first reported from the South China Sea. And one cyst type(Cochlodinium sp. ) was first reported in the world. Scrippsiella trochoidea is the dominant species inthis area, accounting for 45 % of all the cysts. There are 2 cysts of toxic dinoflagellate (Alexandriumtamarensis and Gymnodinium catenatum ). But there is no relationship between cyst number and grainsize distribution.

  17. 来宾市旅游经济发展的现状与对策研究%Countermeasures and Suggestions on Development of Tourism Economy of Laibin City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟丽琴

    2012-01-01

    旅游业战略性支柱产业地位的确立,对旅游经济发展产生深刻影响。来宾市作为旅游后发地区,有效利用国家以及广西大力发展旅游业的良好契机,克服旅游发展的瓶颈,从而促进来宾旅游经济的发展水平更上一个新台阶。基于对来宾市旅游经济发展现状与问题分析,提出了五个方面的对策建议。%The definition of the tourism industry as the strategic pillars of China's economy has a profound impact on the development of tourism economy. As the tourism industry of Laibin is not well-developed, the paper proposes measures for getting through the bottleneck, taking advantage of national as well as region support and good opportunity to vigorously develop tourism and promoting the tourism of Laibin up to a higher level.

  18. 桂南会战后第三届广西学生军解散的原因考析%A Research on Disbanding of the Third Guangxi Students Army

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈峥

    2014-01-01

    Before the battle of south Guangxi,new Guangxi clique set up the third Guangxi students army to mobilize people and coop⁃erate the army. When the battle was over,After the Japanese retreated from South Guangxi and the central army left Guangxi,for fear of their army is controlled by the CPC,in the voice of part of the students’requirements,new Guangxi clique disbanded the third Guangxi students army as an excuse of the students army has been“red”.%桂南会战前,新桂系成立了第三届广西学生军以动员民众和配合军队作战。会战结束后,因日本从桂南撤退,参加桂南会战的中央军也撤离广西,在广西既无外患又无内忧的情况下,因担心学生军为中共所控制,在部分学生要求复学的呼声中,新桂系以学生军被“赤化”了为借口而将其解散。

  19. Monitoring of Sugarcane Frost Damage Based on MODIS Data A Case Study of Laibin City of Guangxi%基于MODIS数据的甘蔗冻害监测——以广西来宾市为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁美花; 谭宗琨; 何燕; 孙涵; 杨鑫; 欧钊荣

    2009-01-01

    2008年1月中旬~2月中旬,广西遭受了一次持续性大范围的低温雨雪冰冻天气过程,对主要的经济作物甘蔗影响很大.以来宾市为例,采用实地调查和卫星遥感监测技术相结合的方法,对甘蔗受冻害情况进行了监测和评估.首先利用多时相EOS/MODIS数据提取了甘蔗种植空间信息,在甘蔗种植区域内采用植被指数差值法,对冻害发生前后、及未发牛冻害年份同期的MODIS数据进行对比分析,结果表明:灾后甘蔗NDVI数值有较大幅度的下降,说明甘蔗受灾较重.通过实地调查验证,遥感监测结论与实际情况基本一致.

  20. Carbon and nitrogen storage and their allocation pattern in Cryptomeria fortunei plantations in southeastern Guangxi of South China%桂东南柳杉人工林碳氮储量及其分配格局

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    莫德祥; 吴庆标; 林宁; 卓宇

    2012-01-01

    以广西六万林场31年生3种密度柳杉(Cryptomeria fortunei)人工林为对象,对其碳、氮储量以及碳、氮分配格局进行研究.结果表明:低、中、高3种密度的柳杉人工林生态系统碳储量分别为355.72、417.21和378.71 t·hm-2,氮储量分别为17.91、22.13和19.99t·hm-2,均表现为中密度>高密度>低密度;低、中、高密度植被层碳储量分别为127.71、101.98和100.12 t·hm-2,分别为土壤层碳储量的56.01%、32.35%、35.94%,表现为低密度>中密度>高密度;植被层氮储量分别为1048.85、674.26和705.69 kg· hm-2,为土壤层氮储量的6.22%、3.14%、3.66%,则表现为低密度>高密度>中密度.充分说明桂东南柳杉人工林生态系的碳、氮储量受林分密度的影响,且碳、氮储量主要分布在土壤层.%Taking the 31 -year-old Cryptomeria fortunei plantations with low, medium and high stand densities in the Liuwan Forest Farm in southeastern subtropical region of Guangxi as test objects, this paper studied their carbon and nitrogen storage and allocation pattern. The total ecosystem carbon storage in the plantations with low, medium and high densities was 355. 72, 417. 21 and 378.71 t ? Hm~2, and the total ecosystem nitrogen storage was 17. 91, 22. 13 and 19. 99 t ? Hm"2 , respectively, both with the order of medium density > high density > low density. The carbon storage in the vegetation layer of the plantations was 127. 71, 101. 98 and 100. 12 t ? Hm~2, accounting for 56.01% , 32. 35% and 35. 94% of the soil carbon storage in 0-100 cm layer, respectively, and showing the order of low density > medium density > high density'. The nitrogen storage in the vegetation layer of the plantations was 1048. 85 , 674. 26 and 705. 69 kg ? Hm" , and occupied 6. 22% , 3. 14% and 3. 66% of the soil nitrogen storage in 0-100 cm layer, respectively, following the order of low density > high density > medium density. Our study indicated that the carbon

  1. Dynamic Drought Monitoring in Guangxi Using Revised Temperature Vegetation Dryness Index

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LU Yuan; TAG Heping; WU Hua

    2007-01-01

    Moderate resolution imaging spectroradiometer (MODIS) data are very suitable for vast extent, long term and dynamic drought monitoring for its high temporal resolution, high spectral resolution and moderate spatial resolution. The composite Enhanced Vegetation Index (EVI) and composite land surface temperature (Ts) obtained from MODIS data MOD11A2 and MOD13A2 were used to construct the EVI-rs space. And Temperature Vegetation Dryness Index (TVDI) was calculated to evaluate the agriculture drought in Guangxi province, China in October of 2006. The results showed that the drought area in Guangxi was evidently increasing and continuously deteriorating from the middle of September to the middle of November. The TVDI, coming from the EVI-rs space, could effectively indicate the spatial distribution and temporal evolution of drought, so that it could provide a strong technical support for the forecasting agricultural drought in south China.

  2. The Great Bronze Drums of Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1993-01-01

    SINCE ancient times bronzedrums have been loved by thepeople of Guangxi, and the re- sounding beat of drums has echoedacross its beautiful land for over 2,000years.Even now the sound of drumsnever fails to excite people duringfestivals in Zhuang,Yi and Yao vil- lages.

  3. Guangxi non-ferrous metal industry speeding up its restructuring

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    <正>Non-ferrous metal industry in Guangxi takes an important position in China.However,the waste of resources is severe due to its simple industrial structure,small size of enterprises, sloppy technology,scattered layout,obstructed market and indiscriminate mining.Starting from last year,Guangxi began the project of building a world-influential non-ferrous metal

  4. Characteristics and Advantages of Regional Grain Production in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    According to the latest Land Use Planning of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Guangxi is divided into five regions, which are eastern Guangxi, western Guangxi, southern Guangxi, northern Guangxi, and central Guangxi. Regional variation characteristics of grain production are introduced from two aspects of the decline of grain sowing area and the increase of grain output. According to the data in Guangxi Statistical Yearbook, comparative advantages of regional grain production in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region are analyzed by the method of Comprehensive Comparative Dominance Index. Result shows that eastern Guangxi and northern Guangxi have the maximum comprehensive dominance indices with the minimum increasing amount of dominance indices. Their advantages in grain production are gradually diminished; and the grain production center is moving to central Guangxi and southern Guangxi. In order to solve the problems in grain production, Guangxi should make full use of the comparative advantage in agricultural production, carry out structural adjustment of agricultural production, and try to realize the rational distribution and specialization of agricultural production.

  5. Basic conditions of foundry industry of Guangxi province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    @@ 1. Metal casting industry in Guangxi 1.1 General situation For a long time, the industrial basis of Guangxi Zhuang Nationality Autonomous Region had been weak, and the foundry industry was comparatively backward in techniques. Since 1990' s of last century, the rapid progress of Guangxi has been achieved in machinery industry, especially the automobile industry, the engineering machinery industry and so forth, have effectively promoted the development of foundry industry.Now, the total annual output of various metal castings produced in the whole autonomous region is almost up to 300 000 tons.

  6. 来宾市2009-2013年乙类传染病流行趋势分析%Analysis of epidemic trend of the category B infectious diseases in Laibin City from 2009 to 2013

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    毛伟成; 蓝荣伟; 蒙南新; 虞海芬; 曾柳玉

    2015-01-01

    目的:了解来宾市法定报告乙类传染病流行趋势。方法收集来宾市2009—2013年法定传染病疫情报告资料,应用Excel 2003对数据进行统计处理,采用描述性流行病学方法进行分析,并用Cochran Armitage 趋势检验分析发病率年度变化趋势。结果来宾市2009—2013年累计报告乙类传染病19种45113例,年均报告发病率为410.17/10万,年均死亡率为8.14/10万;发病率呈平稳态势,死亡率呈上升趋势。血源及性传播疾病和呼吸道传染病的发病数分别占总发病数的48.67%和47.08%。呼吸道传染病发病率呈上升趋势,肠道、血源及性传播、自然疫源及虫媒等传染病的发病率则呈下降趋势。发病率居前5位的传染病依次为肺结核、梅毒、乙肝、AIDS/HIV、丙肝;肺结核、AIDS/HIV发病率呈上升趋势,梅毒发病率呈下降趋势。死亡率前4位的传染病依次是AIDS/HIV、狂犬病、肺结核、乙肝;AIDS/HIV死亡率呈上升趋势,狂犬病、肺结核死亡率呈下降趋势。结论2009—2013年来宾市乙类传染病防控取得了较好成效,当前威胁该市的乙类传染病主要是肺结核、梅毒、肝炎、AIDS/HIV、狂犬病等。%Objective To understand the epidemic trend of category B infectious diseases in Laibin City. Methods The epidemic data of category B infectious diseases in Laibin City from 2009 to 2013 were collected and analyzed with descriptive epidemiological method. The trend of the morbidity and mortality were analyzed with Cochran Armitage trend test. Results A total of 45 113 cases belonging to 19 kinds of the category B infectious diseases were reported during the period in Laibin City. The average annual incidence rate and mortality rate of the diseases were 410.17/100 000 and 8.14/100 000 ,respectively .From 2009 to 2013 the annual incidence rates had no great changes but the annual mortality rates increased. The major proportions of the reported

  7. Prevalence of Burkholderia pseudomallei in Guangxi, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, G; Zheng, D; Cai, Q; Yuan, Z

    2010-01-01

    Melioidosis, an infectious disease caused by the Gram-negative bacterium Burkholderia pseudomallei, is now recognized as an important public health problem in Southeast Asia and tropical northern Australia. Although B. pseudomallei has been detected in various water and soil samples in southeast China, the enviromental distribution of B. pseudomallei in China is unclear. In the winter months of 2007, 154 and 130 soil and water samples, respectively, were collected from several locations in Guangxi, China. The samples were screened for B. pseudomallei by bacterial culture and identification and confirmed by PCR for species-specific 16S rDNA and flagellin genes. B. pseudomallei was detected in 8.4% of the soil samples but in none of the water samples. All positive samples were confined to a single low-lying region from rice paddy fields. Counts of B. pseudomallei ranged from 23 to 521 c.f.u./g soil. This is the first geographical distribution survey of B. pseudomallei in soil in Guangxi, China, and the data are of importance for further evaluating the impact of this pathogen on melioidosis in this region.

  8. Evaluation and Analysis on the Competitiveness of Guangxi Distinctive Agriculture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    On the basis of the developmental status of Guangxi distinctive agriculture,the key selection of developing Guangxi distinctive agriculture is analyzed.Its distinctive agriculture contains distinctive plantation,distinctive forestry and distinctive breeding.Based on the analysis,two display indices,domestic comparative advantages index and domestic competitiveness,are selected to analyze the competitiveness of Guangxi distinctive agriculture.The results show that at present the overall competitiveness of Guangxi distinctive agriculture is strong,but its competitiveness is reflected on resource advantages and most of the resources are primary agro-products.Accordingly,in the future,Guangxi distinctive agriculture should adopt non-equilibrium developmental strategy;take the great-leap-forward developmental path;apply modern production elements to increase the competitiveness of Guangxi distinctive agriculture.It should lay stress on "three innovation",which includes organization innovation,developing distinctive agricultural firms ;technology innovation,enlarging the scope and scale of agricultural listed companies;financial fund-raising innovation,transforming traditional distinctive agriculture by using high and new technology.

  9. China Aluminum Guangxi Nonferrous Rare Earth Mining Company Limited was Founded

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    <正>The China Aluminum Guangxi Non-ferrous Rare Earth Mining Company Limited co-built by Aluminium Corporation of China,Guangxi Non-ferrous Metal Group Company Limited,and Grirem Advanced Materials Co.,Ltd.was

  10. Study of Guangxi water resources development strategy C%对广西水利发展战略的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏人琼

    2001-01-01

    广西壮族自治区是西部的重要组成部分。广西地处云贵高原向华南丘陵过度的斜面上,是西南出海的大通道,是珠江的主要产流区。广西的水利建设不仅是广西实现西部大开发伟大目标的重大基础设施,同时关系到我国三大经济核心区之一的珠江三角洲的防洪、供水安全和生态屏障的恢复与重建。因此,在西部大开发中应把广西水利建设放在突出的位置。%Guangxi is the important part of the Western. Guangxi locates on the inclined plane from the Yungui highland to the hilly of south of China. It's the big passage way for the south-west going to sea and the main runoff area of the Pearl river. Guangxi water resources construction not only is the great base facility of Guangxi realizing the great target in Western great development, but also it relates to the renew and rebuilding of the Pearl river delta's flood-proofing, water-supply safety and ecological protection. In Western great development,Guangxi water resources construction should be placed on the outstanding seat.

  11. Study on territorial risk assessment in Beibu Gulf of Guangxi

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Y.; Hou, L. S.; Zhang, M. S.

    2016-08-01

    This study is based on the theories of terrestrial exploration risk in the Beibu Gulf Economic Zone in the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. Using ArcGIS and modelling methods, the spatial distributions of resources and environmental carrying capacity, terrestrial exploration dynamics, and terrestrial exploration potential are studied and evaluated in an integrated way. The results of the study are as follows: Mashan county, Longan county, Luchuan county, et al. have some low-risk land that can be explored, and infrastructure investment should be increased in these locations. Whereas, low-risk terrestrial development is possible in Qinzhou city, Heng county, Longan county, et al. and should be carried out in a planned and gradual fashion. The medium risk regions are distributed all over the region, but are concentrated in the city area of Nanning. However, the middle and north parts of Yulin city, the south part of Chongzuo city, Qinnan district, et al. are also in the same category and priority can be given to improve the quality and efficiency of these regions. The high risk regions, mainly distribute in the Liangqin district, Yining district, Binyang county, et al. This region should focus on the development principles of priority protection, appropriate development, and point-like development. Whereas, the extremely-high-risk areas, of which more than 60% are in Tiandeng county, Daxin county, Shanglin county, et al., are unsuitable for further development. The three-dimensional risk matrix method can make up for the deficiencies of other methods and has broad prospects in regional terrestrial development risk assessment.

  12. Investigation of trace elements in Guangxi ancient pottery by INAA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    PengZi-Cheng; Yun-Lan; 等

    1997-01-01

    Guangxi Zhuang Nationality Autonomous Region is an original place for manufacture of ancient pottery in China since Zenpiyan site.dated 9240-10370 years ago,was excavated.Contents of trace elements La,Ce,Nd,Sm,Eu,Tb,Yb,Lu,U,Th,Sc,Ta,Ba,Cs,Rb,Sr and Zr in 44 porttery shards from Guangxi sites,dated from 1450B.C. to 200A.D.,were dtermined by INAA and XRF.The proveniences of the 44 samples are postulated by the analyses of geochemical parameters.

  13. An Analysis of the Impact of Guangxi Agricultural Finance, Loan and Insurance on the Trade between Guangxi and CAFTA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shukun Wang

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Financial support, agriculture loan and insurance are the main funding modes for the development of agriculture. This study firstly uses software eviews6.0 to make an analysis of the current state of the Trade between Guangxi and CAFTA, and then makes a study of the data of the funds and the trading volume of Guangxi-ASEAN, and comes to the conclusion that the funds involved has an effect on the trade volume. Generally, government fiscal support curbs the trade while the agricultural loan and the agricultural insurance promote it; however, the case in Guangxi seems the opposite. The trade volume is promoted by government financial support while curbed by loan and insurance.

  14. Geochemical and palaeontological evidence for the definition of the Silurian/Devonian boundary in the Changwantang Section, Guangxi Province, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wen-jin Zhao

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Southern Guangxi Province is one of the important areas for the study of the Silurian/Devonian boundary (SDB in South China. Despite attempts to define the exact level of the SDB in the Yulin (Guangxi Province area using biostratigraphy, no consensus has been reached as the indicator fossils (e.g. graptolite Monograptus uniformis uniformis, conodont Icriodus woschmidti woschmidti and trilobite Warburgella rugulosa rugosa are not coexistent in South China. Since Mann et al. (2001: Dynamics of the Silurian/Devonian boundary sequence: sedimentary cycles vs. organic matter variation. Terra Nostra, 2001, 44–48 reported the first isotope curve based on organic carbon for the SDB at Klonk in the Czech Republic (GSSP, some comparable variation curves of δ13Corg across the SDB have been obtained at several locations including sections in Turkey and China. This distinct variation curve of the isotopic composition of organic carbon across the SDB provides a chemostratigraphic reference for a worldwide correlation of the SDB. In this study, organic geochemistry together with graptolite biostratigraphy is applied as a tool for identifying the SDB at the Changwantang Section in Yulin (Guangxi Province. The results suggest that the variations in some indexes of organic geochemistry can be correlated to the representative curve of the SDB in the Klonk and Esenyali sections. The exact level of the SDB in the Changwantang Section is positioned within the upper part of the Fangcheng Formation, which is consistent with the available palaeontological data from graptolites (e.g. Colonograptus colonus, Plectograptus sp., Monograptus uniformis, M. cf. M. praehercynicus and M. aequabilis.

  15. Development of Circular Economy of Characteristic Breeding Industry in Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    In order to achieve characteristic,high-quality,high-efficiency,low-consumption,healthy and intensive breeding,we use the ecology method to analyze the status quo of development of characteristic breeding industry in Guangxi,from advantages in resources,industrial development,characteristic breeding,and standardized construction.There are some problems existing in the development of characteristic breeding industry in Guangxi:prominent contradiction among human,land and grain;outdated breeding mode;low comprehensive utilization rate of resources;increasingly deteriorating ecological environment.We put forth the following recommendations:based on the ecological and economic principles,introducing"reduce,reuse,recycle"idea of circular economy;striving to choose the development pattern of circular economy adapting to local resource characteristics,planting and breeding habits;in terms of realization path,paying close attention to construction of standardized breeding farm,cultivation of organic fertilizer industry,infrastructure construction,environmental law enforcement,and other parts;reinforcing the policy guidance,adjusting and optimizing industrial structure,strengthening scientific and technological innovation,and advancing industrialization management,to promote steady development of circular economy of characteristic breeding industry in Guangxi,and accelerate the process of rejuvenating province by breeding industry,enriching the people and building up Guangxi.

  16. Chinalco Guangxi Rare Earth Signed Strategic Cooperation Agreement with Yulin City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2014-01-01

    <正>On June 18,Chinalco Guangxi Nonferrous&Rare Earth Development Co.,Ltd("Chinalco Guangxi Rare Earth")signed"Strategic Cooperation Agreement"with Yulin People’s Government,signifying that Guangxi rare earth resource and industry integration development led by Chinalco had made a key step forward.Sun zhaoxue,General Manager of Chinalco,Ding Haiyan,Assistant to General Manager of Chinalco and President of China Rare Metals

  17. Guangxi Speeds up the Development of 300,000 tonnes Recycled Aluminum Project

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    <正>The reporter learned from Guangxi Wuzhou Municipal government that at present, the construction of Guangxi Nonferrous Metals Group’s 300,000 tonnes recycled aluminum processing project is in full swing at the Wuzhou Import Renewable Resources Processing Park.

  18. Huaxi Group Planning to Integrate Guangxi Non-Ferrous Industry Through Fund Raising

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    <正>Huaxi Group is planning to integrate the Guangxi non-ferrous metal industry after the completion of restructuring.Experts from the industry expressed the concern that Huaxi is likely to prepare for holistic listing for its main business upon the completion of restructuring so as to raise fund for the integration of non- ferrous resources in the Guangxi Autonomous

  19. Chinalco Signed Agreement with Guangxi Autonomous Region to Drive Forward Cooperation in Investment Project

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2014-01-01

    <正>Recently,the Aluminum Corporation of China Limited and the People’s Government of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region held signing ceremony for investment cooperation agreement in Nanning City.Luo Jianchuan,member of the CPC Party Leadership Group of Chinalco and President of Chinalco,and Chen Gang,Vice Chairman of the People’s Government of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous

  20. CHALCO and Guangxi Government Joined Forces to Drive Forward Optimization and Upgrading of Rare Earth Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    <正>In early June, Ding Haiyan, Assistant to General Manager of CHALCO and President of China Rare Metals And Rare Earth Corporation, met with Yang Daoxi, Vice Chairman of the People’s Congress of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in Nanning, and exchanged views on further development of Guangxi rare

  1. SINO-ASEAN EXPO,Integrating Guangxi+ASEAN

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Guo Liqin

    2009-01-01

    @@ "Compared with the Canton Fair,where overseas buyers' orders are generally regarded as China's foreign trade 'barometer' or 'weathervane',the Sino-ASEAN Expo boosts multi-lateral trade with comprehensive cooperation and mutual interaction.That is,through the Sino-ASEAN Expo and Business Investment Summit,Guangxi province has found a new method-not only selling products but also bringing in products from surrounding countries.In fact,it is an upgraded version of China's Foreign Trade for the new era."Mr.Cui,an expert buyer who has attended the all 6 sessions of the China-ASEAN Expo told China's Foreign Trade.

  2. Interaction between karst terrain and bauxites: evidence from Quaternary orebody distribution in Guangxi, SW China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Lin; Wang, Qingfei; Zhang, Qizuan; Carranza, Emmanuel John M; Liu, Huan; Liu, Xuefei; Deng, Jun

    2017-09-19

    Most bauxite in China is located upon the karst surface, yet the relation between karstification process and bauxite formation is barely known. Here we discuss how the relation affects the karst and bauxite evolution through analyzing distributions of orebody parameters from 9,007 exploration wells (434 orebodies) in western Guangxi, South China block. In high-elevation karst terrain dominated by peaks, orebodies have greater average thickness, lower Al2O3 and higher Fe2O3(T) than those in low-elevation region dominated by depressions. Principal component and multifractal analyses show that the Al2O3, Fe2O3(T) and LOI and the orebody thickness, determined by depression geometry, have more even distributions in high-elevation terrain. This explains that the interaction between the oxidized, alkaline water in karst surface and the ferrous clay minerals that released H(+) during bauxite secondary weathering was more intensive in high-elevation terrain than in low-elevation one. The interaction with self-organized nature is considered responsible for the even development of karstic depressions and bauxite orebody thicknesses in high-elevation terrain. In comparison, SiO2 distribution is more even in low-elevation terrain, where connected depressions near the phreatic zone facilitated SiO2 mobilization and even distribution.

  3. Population number and distribution of oriental pied hornbill in Guangxi, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yik Fui Philip Lo

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available The oriental pied hornbill (Anthracoceros albirostris albirostris is a State Protected Species and also an important seed dispersal agent in Tropical Asia. Recent studies show that the range of oriental piedhornbill in Guangxi has decreased significantly in the last decades. During the 1970s the species was widespread along the Sino-Vietnamese border but since the 2000s it has been confined to only three isolated areas. Although the population has declined substantially, Xidamingshan still supports the largest hornbill population known in Guangxi. In order to understand the current status of the species in Guangxi, China, we conducted a simultaneous population survey in Xidamingshan Nature Reserve in 2009. At least, fifty birds were recorded during survey and 124 plant species are identified as potential food source of the bird. Human disturbance and hunting are the main threats to the species in Guangxi. Further research and conservation of the species are urgently required.

  4. Primulina cardaminifolia (Gesneriaceae), a rare new species from limestone areas in Guangxi, China

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Xu, Wei-Bin; Liu, Yan; Kono, Yoshiko; Chang, Hsuan; Peng, Ching-I; Chung, Kuo-Fang

    2013-01-01

    Primulina cardaminifolia Yan Liu & W.B. Xu (Gesneriaceae), a distinct new species with imparipinnate leaves, is described and illustrated from a limestone valley in Guangxi Zhuangzu Autonomous Region, China...

  5. Extra large bauxite mines with 120 million tons discovered in Guangxi Congzuo

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    <正>According to Guangxi General Institute of Geological Prospecting,after 3 years of hard work,prospecting team has discovered extra large bauxite mines with resources of 120 mil- lion tons in Youjiang area in Guangxi. It is said that the newly-found extra large baux- ite mines are situated in the city of Congzuo. The ore belt lays generally northeast with 50

  6. Chinalco and China National Administration of Coal Geology Jointly Built Guangxi Rare Earth Industrial Base

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2014-01-01

    <正>On June 3,Chinalco and China National Administration of Coal Geology signed cooperation agreement for strategic cooperation&cooperation agreement between Chinalco Guangxi Nonferrous Rare Earth Development Company and Xuzhou Jin Shi Pengyuan Rare Earth Material Factory.According to the agreement,both sides would jointly support Chinalco Guangxi Nonferrous Rare Earth Development Company and Xuzhou Jin Shi Pengyuan Rare Earth Material Factory to carry out comprehensive cooperation covering rare

  7. Variation Characteristics of Low Temperature and Rainy Weather in Guangxi during Spring Sowing Period of Recent 50 Years

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    [Objective] The research aimed to study the variation characteristics of low temperature and rainy weather in Guangxi during spring sowing period of recent 50 years.[Method] Based on the daily average temperature data from 1961 to 2010 at 88 meteorological stations in Guangxi,yearly days and end date of low temperature and rainy weather during spring sowing period were carried out statistics.The variation characteristics of low temperature and rainy weather in Guangxi during spring sowing period of recent 5...

  8. Current Situation and Problems of Export-oriented Tilapia Processing in Guangxi and Countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ying; ZHANG; Gaozhong; JIANG; Qiong; ZHANG

    2014-01-01

    Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region is an excellent area for tilapia breeding in China,and the development of tilapia industry has received high attention of both the state and Guangxi government. The foreign exchange earning is an essential industrial form of tilapia industry in Guangxi. Thus,enhancing the competitiveness of export-oriented tilapia processing is of great significance to the development of tilapia industry. On the basis of field survey,this paper analyzed current situation of export-oriented tilapia processing in Guangxi. At present,tilapia processing industry in Guangxi has realized preliminary standardization,large-scale and grouping,but it is still faced with some problems and challenges,such as low industrialization level,no balanced marketing,and imperfect product quality safety monitoring measures. Therefore,it is required to create favorable environment for export-oriented tilapia processing industry in Guangxi through enhancing policy support,increasing financial input and supporting tilapia processing leading enterprises.

  9. A Basal Titanosauriform from the Early Cretaceous of Guangxi, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    MO Jinyou; WANG Wei; HUANG Zhitao; HUANG Xin; XU Xing

    2006-01-01

    Based on a partial postcranial skeleton collected from the Lower Cretaceous Napai Formation of Guangxi, China, we erect a new sauropod taxon, Fusuisaurus zhaoi gen. et sp. nov. The holotype specimen consists of the left ilium, left pubis, anterior caudals, most of the dorsal ribs and distal end of the left femur. Fusuisaurus zhaoi is diagnosed by a unique combination of character states among the known sauropods. It displays several synapomorphies of Titanosauriformes but lacks many derived features seen in other titanosauriforms, suggesting that the new taxon represents the basalmost known titanosauriform and providing new evidence that Titanosauriformes originated from Asia. A size comparison suggests that Fusuisaurus zhaoi is among the largest Early Cretaceous sauropods,providing an important addition to the Early Cretaceous Chinese sauropod diversity.

  10. A Mediterranean-style model for early Neoproterozoic amalgamation of South China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Kai-Jun

    2017-04-01

    A Mediterranean-style model is proposed for early Neoproterozoic amalgamation of South China, based on recognition of the Guangxi promontory on the southeastern margin of the Yangtze craton through a synthesis of geologic, geophysical and chronological data. The model suggests that, while the Guangxi promontory collided with the overriding Cathaysia terrane along the Yunkai orogeny during the earliest Neoproterozoic, the convergence between the Yangtze craton and the Cathaysia terrane paused or slowed down, which triggered the upper Rhine Graben-style Kangdian impact rift along the western Yangtze margin and resulted in roll-back of the oceanic slab trapped in the embayments and sequential formation of backarc rifts in the Cathaysia margin during the early Neoproterozoic. This model predicts a complex diachronous Yangtze-Cathaysia collision history, first at the Guangxi promontory at ∼1000 Ma and finally at the Guizhou reentrant at ∼830 Ma.

  11. [Regional differences of inputs of organic matter and chemical fertilizer in South Central China].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Huan-yao; Wu, Jin-shui; Zhou, Jiao-gen; Xiao, He-ai; Zhou, Ping

    2015-09-01

    This article analyzed the inputs of organic matter and chemical fertilizer in the cropland of South Central China, i.e., Hunan, Hubei, Guangdong and Guangxi, and then calculated the budgets of nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and potassium (K), based on the data from field investigations and peasant household surveys in the four provinces. The results showed that total amounts of organic matter inputs in the four provinces was ranked as follow: 8993 kg · hm(-2) in Guangxi, 6390 kg · hm(-2) in Hunan, 5012 kg · hm(-2) in Hubei, 4630 kg · hm(-2) in Guangdong, and average NPK inputs in the four provinces were ranked as follow: 777.5 kg · hm(-2) in Guangxi, 501.6 kg · hm(-2) in Hunan, 486.4 kg · hm(-2) in Hubei, 340.4 kg · hm(-2) in Guangdong. The N and P input surpluses were greatest in Guangxi (67.2% and 99.0% as for N and P, respectively) , followed by Hunan (33.2% and 50.8%), Hubei (11.8% and 11.0%), and Guangdong (7.8% and 30.0%). However, K input was deficient in Hunan, Hubei, and Guangdong (6.6%, 18.7% and 12.4%), but surplus in Guangxi (19.5%).

  12. 广西菜子岩剖面中上泥盆统界线附近沉积相与海平面变化——兼论华南吉维期中期的海退及时间%Sedimentary facies and sea-level change across the Middle-Upper Devonian boundary at Caiziyan section, Guangxi:The mid-Givetian regression and its timing in South China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李华; 马学平; 韦龙明

    2009-01-01

    The Caiziyan section was located in a platform margin zone, with relatively abundant benthic and common-rare pelagic fossils, which may be regarded as a quite suitable reference section for stratigraphic correlation and division.On the basis of lithofacies and biofacies characteristics, sea-level change history is reconstructed for the interval from the Givetian to the Early Frasnian times.The Early Givetian Donggangling Formation of the study area may represent deposits under a persistent transgressive phase, probably with a slight sea-level fall at the end of the Lower varcus Zone.The lower part of the "Gubi" Formation is complex in lithology, probably resulting from extensive sea-level changes, including a significant transgressive event at the initial period of the Lower hermanni-cristatus Zone and the long-recognized mid-Givetian regression, whose timing has been precisely determined to be the Upper varcus Zone for the first time.The Late Givetian deposits host abundant tabulate corals and reef-associated bioclasts, including stromatoporoids, crinoid stemsetc., implying that the study area was probably located on the upper slope in front of a reef complex.The upper part of the "Gubi" Formation(conodont falsiovalis to lower transitans zones)is characterized by alternating medium-thin and thick bedded limestones(mainly with bioclasts of level-bottom organisms), which indicates a change from fore-reef to fore-shoal environments, probably with little overall sea-level change across the Middle-Upper Devonian boundary.The Rongxian Formation(basal part)is characterized by grayish to gray-white thin-bedded to massive limestones, which may represent a significant sea-level rise in the Middle transitans Zone in South China.The finely-medium crystalline dolostone layer at Caiziyan is within the Upper varcus Zone, with normal marine fossils including corals and conodonts.The proposed interpretation for this dolostone layer is that a substantial sea-level fall event

  13. Genome Sequencing and Phylogenetic Analysis of Three Avian Influenza H9N2 Subtypes in Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhi-xun XIE; Jian-bao DONG; Xiao-fei TANG; Jia-bo LIU; Yao-shan PANG; Xian-wen DENG; Zhi-qin XIE; Li-ji XIE; Mazhar I Khan

    2009-01-01

    Three isolates of H9N2 Avian Influenza viruses (AIV) were isolated from chickens in Guangxi province. Eight pairs of specific primers were designed and synthesized according to the sequences of H9N2 at GenBank. phylogenetic analysis showed a high degree of homology between the Guangxi isolates and isolates from Guangdong and Jiangsu provinces, suggesting that the Guangxi isolates originated from the same source. However, the eight genes of the three isolates from Guangxi were not in the same sublineages in their respective phylogenetic trees, which suggests that they were products of natural reassortment between H9N2 avian influenza viruses from different sublineages. The 9 nucleotides ACAGAGATA which encode amino acids T, G, I were absent between nucleotide 205 and 214 in the open reading frame of the NA gene in the Guangxi isolates. AIV strains that infect human have, in their HA proteins, leucine at position 226. The analysis of deduced amino acid sequence of HA proteins showed that position 226 of these isolates contained glycine instead of leucine, suggesting that these three isolates differ from H9N2 AIV strains isolated from human infections.

  14. Survey of frost and cold damage on sugarcane production in Guangxi in 2010/2011 milling season and countermeasures%2010/2011榨季广西廿蔗生产冻害调查及防御对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李杨瑞; 陈赶林; 苏树权; 谢金兰; 刘晓燕; 黄伟华; 段维兴; 何为中; 汪淼; 方锋学; 吴建明; 李翔; 张荣华; 刘昔辉; 何红; 杨荣仲; 杨丽涛

    2011-01-01

    [Objective]A comprehensive survey was carried out to investigate the adverse effects of the severe frost and long durational cold weather from 16 December 2010 to January 2011 on sugarcane production in Guangxi. [Method]General investigation, statistical data collection and field investigation were combined for the survey which covered the sugarcane growing areas in Laibin, Liuzhou and Hechi cities where are located in the central and northwestern Guangxi. [Result]The statistical area from 1 1 counties investigated showed that about 203.25 thousand hectares(kha) of sugarcane crops were injured or damaged, and 97.43 kha of the crops were seriously damaged, accounting for 70.2% and 33.6% of the total sugarcane growing area(289.65 kha), respectively, and mainly in Liucheng, Rong'an, Rongshui, Loucheng, Wuxuan and Xiangzhou counties, and Xingbin district. The adverse effects on sugarcane varieties ROC22 and Taiyou were most serious,and the crops were deadly damaged in most areas, especially ROC22. For the damaged plants, the leaves were dried up and curled over, and the growing points and buds were destroyed, and the longitudinal section of the cane tissue looked waterlogged with liquor smell. Compared to ROC22 and/or Taiyou, however, the injury or damage was much lighter for the sugarcane varieties GT21, GT28 (GTCP00-122), GT29, GT30, GF98-296, GT97-69, GT02-208, GT02-901, GT02-467, etc,, indicating much stronger cold resistance. [Conclusion]The cold resistant sugarcane varieties such as GT21, GT28, GT02-208,GT02-901, etc., should be extended to replace the cold sensitive variety ROC22 in the central and northwestern Guangxi sugarcane growing areas. Comprehensive warming measures such as plastic film coverage, trash coverage, application of organic manures and vinasse are suggested. Priority on harvesting the deadly damaged cane crops and milling the canes as quickly as possible is strongly recommended to minimize the loss caused by the frost and chilling damage

  15. 对“新桂系”一词的商榷%A Discuss of the Word of “the New Guangxi Clique”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏华龄

    2012-01-01

    在有关桂系的文章、专著中,有国民党桂系、新桂系、旧桂系、桂系、广西派等词出现,常见的有新桂系一词。通过举证和调查分析,认为"新"、"旧"桂系在本质上是一样的,只有前后之分,而无"新"、"旧"之别。"新桂系"一词不足以反映"新桂系"的实质,以"国民党桂系"一词代之则比较确切、恰当。%In these articles and monographs on the Guangxi Clique,the words like the Guangxi Clique of Kuomintang,new Guangxi Clique,old Guangxi Clique,the Guangxi clique and the Guangxi Group,among which new Guangxi Clique is the most common.Through the investigation and analysis,the author thinks that the "new "or "old" Guangxi clique is the same in essence.Only there exists difference between before and after,and the absence of the old and the new.The word of "the New Guangxi Clique"is not enough to reflect the essence of "the New Guangxi Clique ".It is more exact and proper" With the Kuomintang clique replacing the Guangxi Clique".

  16. Zoonotic helminths parasites in the digestive tract of feral dogs and cats in Guangxi, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fang, Fang; Li, Jian; Huang, Tengfei; Guillot, Jacques; Huang, Weiyi

    2015-08-16

    In Guangxi, a province of southern China, an important number of dogs and cats roam freely in rural settings, and the presence of these animals in proximity of people may represent a risk of parasitic zoonoses. The objective of the present study was to investigate the presence and identify gastrointestinal helminths in feral carnivores in Guangxi province. Therefore, post mortem examination was performed in 40 dogs and in 39 cats. The Gastrointestinal helminths were found in all the necropsied dogs and in 37 out of 39 cats. Fifteen species were identified including 7 trematodes, 3 cestodes and 5 nematodes. Most of them may be responsible for zoonotic infections. Major zoonotic gastrointestinal helminths, including liver and intestinal flukes, Toxocara spp., and Ancylostoma spp., are present in feral dogs and cats in Guangxi, and may represent a significant risk for public health.

  17. Newly recorded invasive plants in Guangxi%广西新记录入侵植物

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韦春强; 赵志国; 丁莉; 潘玉梅

    2013-01-01

    Three new species of invasive plant, Mimosa diplotricha C. ,Veronica arvensis L. and Bidens fron-dosa L. were reported as new records of Guangxi. Description and illustrations were provided. The voucher specimens were kept in Plant Herbarium, Guangxi Institute of Botany, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region and Chinese Academy of Sciences (IBK).%报道了广西3种新记录入侵植物,它们分别是巴西含羞草(Mimosa diplotricha C.)、直立婆婆纳(Veronica arvensis L.)和大狼把草(Bidens frondosa L.),并提供了这3种植物的特征描述和形态图.凭证标本存放于广西壮族自治区中国科学院广西植物研究所标本馆(IBK).

  18. Research on the Application of Cultural Element of Guangxi Minorities in Modern Landscape Design

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Long Dujiang

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available There are 11 Minorities in Guangxi, and the cultural ethnics among each minority are varied to a certain extent. Despite the difference, each minority has made contributions to the Chinese civilization. Guangxi is a region teeming with minorities. The difference of minorities comprises the type of local cultural element. In the process of modern landscape design, the incorporation design or cultural elements for relevant staff are required. And it is the infiltration of these cultural elements that press ahead the landscape design. For people to discover the cultural source, and for the soul to find the spiritual sense of belongings, this article has made a research on the features of Guangxi minorities cultural elements and the application in landscape design, expecting to provide a theoretical reference for incorporation of cultural element and productive construction.

  19. The importance of hepatitis C as a risk factor for hepatocellular carcinoma in Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhuo Lin Deng; Yun Ma; Ling Yuan; Pin Kie Teng

    2000-01-01

    AIM To examine hepatitis C in hepatocellular carcinoma in most endemic area, Guangxi, China.METHODS Immunochemistry was performed on formalin fixed, paraffin embedded tissue sections. A total202 specimens were analysed from the high, intermediate and low HCC prevalent regions of Guangxi.RESULTS The distribution of positive hepatitis C cases from high, intermediate and low regions wasrespectively 24/63 (38%), 23/62 (37%) and 30/77 (39%), with a total of 77/202 (38.12%).CONCLUSION Hepatitis C virus is an important risk factor in the development of hepatocellularcarcinoma, but the regional difference in prevalence of this cancer is more likely influenced by hepatitis Bviral infection and aflatoxin B1 exposure. In Guangxi, infection of hepatitis B and C virus in thedevelopment of hepatocellular carcinoma may be greatly enhanced by exposure to aflatoxin.

  20. Coping, social support, stigma, and gender difference among people living with HIV in Guangxi, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiao, Zhiwen; Li, Xiaoming; Qiao, Shan; Zhou, Yuejiao; Shen, Zhiyong

    2017-03-07

    The current study examined whether gender, HIV-related stigma, social support, and the interaction between gender and social support are associated with coping responses among people living with HIV and AIDS (PLWHA) in Guangxi, China. A total of 2987 PLWHA in Guangxi participated from October 2012 to August 2013. Multivariate analysis of covariance was conducted with gender and social support as main factors in the model, and stigma and other variables as covariates. After controlling for demographic variables and stigma, there were significant main effects of emotional social support (F = 1.61, p social support (F = 1.67, p social support (F = 3.67, p interaction between gender and informational social support (F = 1.33, p social support differences in the coping strategies among PLWHA in Guangxi, China.

  1. ESDA-GIS Analysis of Spatial-temporal Disparity in Rural Economic Development of Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    On the basis of spatial-temporal perspective,by using the data of farmers’ net income per capita from 1996 to 2007 in counties of Guangxi coupled with the global and local spatial auto-correlation analysis of ESDA and GIS technology,we conduct the empirical research on the rural economic developmental disparity of counties in Guangxi and the evolving characteristics of local spatial heterogeneity.The results show that the rural economic developmental disparity of counties in Guangxi from 1996 to 2007 varies infinitesimally on the whole,and the regions with similar rural economic developmental level have spatial concentrated distribution.Based on these,the local MORAN’S I scatter diagram and LISA concentration diagram are drawn.In comparison with the traditional analytical method,the spatial analytical method of ESDA-GIS can explain the problem of spatial heterogeneity of rural economic development clearly,and have direct visual effect.

  2. Analysis of Developing Public Health Service Sector with Private Finance Initiative in Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王宇

    2006-01-01

    In Guangxi Public Health Service Sector (GPHSS), because lack of budget, it has caused a number of problems, such as weakened public health service in rural areas, poor professional quality of medical personnel in public health units at village and township levels, current urban public health service could not meet the health demand for urban residents. This paper is a secondary research. Through analysis of the financial problem and both of the advantages and disadvantages of using the Private Finance Initiative (PFI), it intend to demonstrate that using the PFI could be considered as a good way for the Guangxi government.

  3. Thinking of Improving Disease Control and Prevention with GIS in Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Yu

    2006-01-01

    DCP (Disease Control and Prevention) is one of the key works of Guangxi Public Health Bureau (GPHB). Its responsibilities are collecting relevant information concerning disease control and prevention (DCP) from all the communities in Guangxi province of China, then classifying and analysing the information, making an action plan. This paper aims to analyse the current situations and the existing problems of using information in DCPD, and then attempts to introduce a specific IT--GIS approach from the IdeA web site to improve DCP (Disease Control and Prevention) in GPHB.

  4. Taxonomic study of the leafhopper genus Thagria Melichar (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae: Coelidiinae) from Guangxi, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fan, Zhi-Hua; Li, Zi-Zhong; Dai, Ren-Huai

    2015-01-01

    The paper deals with 21 valid species of the genus Thagria from Guangxi Autonomous Region, China. Eight new species are described and illustrated: T. biprocessa Fan & Dai, sp. nov., T. decussata Fan & Dai, sp. nov., T. irregularis Fan & Dai, sp. nov., T. multispinosa Fan & Dai, sp. nov., T. paramultipars Fan & Li, sp. nov., T. triangula Fan & Li, sp. nov., T. trifasciata Fan & Li, sp. nov. and T. webbi Fan & Li, sp. nov.. A key is given to distinguish all species of this genus from Guangxi, China and maps showing the geographic distribution of new species are also provided. The name Thagria xuae nom. emend. is given for T. xui Nielson.

  5. Taxonomy of Fissocantharis Pic (Coleoptera, Cantharidae) from Guangxi, China, with descriptions of six new species.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Yuxia; Li, Limei; Guan, Kaile; Yang, Xingke

    2015-01-01

    A total of 17 species of Fissocantharis Pic is recorded from Guangxi, China. Six species are described new to science, Fissocantharissinensomima sp. n., Fissocantharissexcostata sp. n., Fissocantharisbasilaris sp. n., Fissocanthariseschara sp. n., Fissocantharislatipalpa sp. n. and Fissocantharisbiprojicientis sp. n., and two previously known species are redescribed, Fissocantharisgracilipes (Pic, 1927) and Fissocantharissinensis (Wittmer, 1988). These species are presented with habitus of males, abdominal sternites VIII of females and genitalia of both sexes. Fissocantharisflavofacialis (Pic, 1926) is synonymized with Fissocantharisangusta (Fairmaire, 1900); both were originally described in the genus Podabrus Westwood. Additionally, a key and a checklist of all the species of Fissocantharis from Guangxi are provided.

  6. Excavation on the Baozitou Shell- mound Site in Nanning City, Guangxi%广西南宁市豹子头贝丘遗址的发掘

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    中国社会科学院考古研究所广西工作队; 广西壮族自治区文物工作队; 南宁市博物馆

    2003-01-01

    The Baozitou site is an important riverbank shell-mound site in the Nanning area.Excavation there revealed substantial cultural and natural remains in good stratigraphieal order, including pottery, stone, bone and shell artifacts for daily use and implements of production, as well as bones of aquatic and terrestrial animals as remains of diet. The cultural deposits can be divided into two phases.Belonging to the Dingshishan culture on the whole, they provide new evidence for understanding its pe-riodization and distribution. In addition, vestiges of primitive ceramics were revealed on the site. As the first discovery of this sort in Guangxi and even in all South China, they are of great significance to studying into the making technology of proto-pottery, including the selection of clay and temper and thefiring method of products.

  7. Spring phenology variation of Guangxi bead tree (Melia azedarach) based on GIS technology%基于GIS技术的广西苦楝春季物候变化规律研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李莉; 李耀先; 符合; 史彩霞; 莫建飞; 李永健

    2013-01-01

    [Objective]In this study, the phenological changes of bead tree (Melia azedarach) during spring time in Guangxi were analyzed. [Method]By mainly using Guangxi phenological data and conventional meteorological observation data combined with geographic spatial data, the special functions of geographical information system were statistical analyzed. [Result]During various phenological periods in Guangxi, the geographical factors were affected in different degrees. During the nutritional phenological period, the effect of longitude on phenological periods was slightly larger than that of latitude; however, during the reproductive phenological period, the effect of latitude was slightly larger than that of longitude. From the meteorological factor perspective and the geographical factor perspective, the phenological change regulation of bear tree during spring time in Guangxi was analyzed with roughly the same results as this resulting research data. [ Conclusion ] Guangxi bear tree phenological period was postponed from west to east, from south to north, and from plain valley to the mountains. The biggest influencing meteorological factor on phenology of bear tree in spring time was temperature, and the effecting time was mainly concentrated around 1 month to 3 months before phenology.%[目的]对广西苦楝春季物候变化的规律进行分析研究.[方法]主要采用广西物候资料、气象常规观测数据,结合相应地理空间数据资料,基于地理信息系统的空间分析功能进行统计分析.[结果]不同的物候期受地理因素影响的程度不同,在其营养时期的物候期受经度影响比纬度影响略大,在其生殖时期的物候期受纬度影响比经度影响大.从气象因子角度和地理因子角度分析可得到大致相同的广西苦楝春季物候变化的规律.[结论]广西苦楝物候期发生的时间是自西向东、自南向北、从河谷平原到山区推迟;对苦楝春季物候影响最大的气象

  8. Genetic diversity of Guangxi chicken breeds assessed with microsatellites and the mitochondrial DNA D-loop region.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liao, Yuying; Mo, Guodong; Sun, Junli; Wei, Fengying; Liao, Dezhong Joshua

    2016-05-01

    The domestic chicken (Gallus gallus domesticus) is an excellent model for genetic studies of phenotypic diversity. The Guangxi Region of China possesses several native chicken breeds displaying a broad range of phenotypes well adapted to the extreme hot-and-wet environments in the region. We thus evaluated the genetic diversity and relationships among six native chicken populations of the Guangxi region and also evaluated two commercial breeds (Arbor Acres and Roman chickens). We analyzed the sequences of the D-loop region of the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) and 18 microsatellite loci of 280 blood samples from six Guangxi native chicken breeds and from Arbor Acres and Roman chickens, and used the neighbor-joining method to construct the phylogenetic tree of these eight breeds. Our results showed that the genetic diversity of Guangxi native breeds was relatively rich. The phylogenetic tree using the unweighed pair-group method with arithmetic means (UPGAM) on microsatellite marks revealed two main clusters. Arbor Acres chicken and Roman chicken were in one cluster, while the Guangxi breeds were in the other cluster. Moreover, the UPGAM tree of Guangxi native breeds based on microsatellite loci was more consistent with the genesis, breeding history, differentiation and location than the mtDNA D-loop region. STRUCTURE analysis further confirmed the genetic structure of Guangxi native breeds in the Neighbor-Net dendrogram. The nomenclature of mtDNA sequence polymorphisms suggests that the Guangxi native chickens are distributed across four clades, but most of them are clustered in two main clades (B and E), with the other haplotypes within the clades A and C. The Guangxi native breeds revealed abundant genetic diversity not only on microsatellite loci but also on mtDNA D-loop region, and contained multiple maternal lineages, including one from China and another from Europe or the Middle East.

  9. The Homo sapiens Cave hominin site of Mulan Mountain,Jiangzhou District,Chongzuo,Guangxi with emphasis on its age

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JIN ChangZhu; PAN WenShi; ZHANG YingQi; CAI YanJun; XU QinQi; TANG ZhiLu; WANG Wei; WANG Yuan; LIU JinYi; QIN DaGong; R.Lawrence Edwards; CHENG Hai

    2009-01-01

    One of the most hotly debated and frontal issues in paleoanthropology focuses on the origins of modern humans.Recently,an incomplete hominin mandible with a distinctly weaker mental protuberance than modern human and a great variety of coexisting fossil mammals were unearthed from the Homo sapiens Cave of Mulan Mountain,Chongzuo,Guangxi.The mammalian fauna from the Homo sapiens Cave characterized by the combination of Elephas kiangnanensis,first occurring Elephas maixmus,and Megatapirus augustus,and strikingly different from the Early Pleistocene Gigantopithecus fauna and the Middle Pleistocene Ailuropoda-Stogodon fauna of South China could be regarded as an early representive of the typical Asian elephant fauna.Faunal analysis,biostratigraphic correlation,and,most importantly,U-series dating all consistently support an estimate of ca.110 ka for the age of the fossil Homo sapiens and coexisting mammalian fauna,that is,the early Late Pleistocene.The fauna is mainly made up of tropical-subtropical elements,but grassland elements have a much greater variety than forest elements,which probably indicates a drier climate at that time.This discovery of early Homo sapiens at the Mulan Mountain will play a significant role in the study of the origin and its environmental background of modern humans.

  10. Hepatitis B virus candidate subgenotype I1 varies in distribution throughout Guangxi, China and may have originated in Long An county, Guangxi.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Guo-Jian; Hue, Stéphane; Harrison, Tim J; Yang, Jin-Ye; Chen, Qin-Yan; Wang, Xue-Yan; Fang, Zhong-Liao

    2013-05-01

    Sequencing of the complete hepatitis B virus (HBV) genomes from Vietnam, China and Laos led to the identification of a complex recombinant, referred to initially as an aberrant genotype and later proposed to be a new genotype, I. However, epidemiological data regarding this new genotype are lacking. A cross-sectional study was carried out to investigate the epidemiology of HBV candidate genotype I in Guangxi, China using stratified, random cluster sampling. Four thousand five hundred thirteen subjects were recruited from five counties within Guangxi. Three genotypes, B, C, and I, were identified with a prevalence of 32.6% (114/350), 64% (224/350), and 3.4% (12/350), respectively. All the genotype I isolates belong to candidate subgenotype I1 and were found in Bing Yang (15.3%, 9/59) and Na Po (5.0%, 3/60) counties only. The prevalence of this subgenotype is significantly higher in males (5.1%, 10/195) than in females (1.3%, 2/155; X(2)  = 3.959, P HBV serological markers. Phylogeographic analysis revealed that genotype I1 likely arose in Long An county, then spread later to Bing Yang, Na Po counties and elsewhere in southeast Asia. In conclusion, the distribution of candidate genotype I within Guangxi is not even and it is highly endemic in some counties. Its prevalence is associated with gender and ethnicity. Subgenotype I1 likely originated in Long An county.

  11. Guangxi Shanglin Aluminum Plant cross-regional technical upgrade project(phase 1)put into operation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    <正>The project(Phase 1)of cross-regional techni- cal upgrade of the aluminum plant of Guangxi Shanglin Nannan Industrial Co.was completed and put into operation on June 8,2007.The plant is a cross-regional technical upgrade pro- ject of Nanning Aluminum Plant,featuring the integration of coal,electricity and aluminum.

  12. Guangxi Baise Extends Industrial Chain to Combat Loss in Aluminum Business

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2014-01-01

    <正>"For each tonne of aluminum being produced,the upstream enterprise on the aluminum industrial chain will suffer loss about 2000yuan."Said Liang Xiao,Deputy Director of Pingguo Industrial Park Management Committee under the Guangxi Baise City,one of the four major aluminum industry bases in China,on August 11.Extending aluminum

  13. Guangxi Pingguo Aluminum Alumina 3rd Phase Project to Put Into Production

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    <正>In April,the handover ceremony was held for the first completed sub-project of the 3rd phase of 900,000-ton alumina project of China Alu- minum Guangxi Company (Pingguo Aluminum in short),standing for the commencement of

  14. Daxin County in Guangxi will Build China’s Largest Manganese Industry Base

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    <正>The western border county of Daxin County,Chongzuo City,Guangxi,which enjoys the reputation of "Hometown of China’s Manganese Ore",by relying on rich Manganese ore resources and its advantages of direct land access to ASEAN countries,is dedicated to build-ing up China’s largest Manganese industry

  15. Guangxi Canceling Preferential Power Price for High Energy Consumption Including Aluminum Enterprises

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    <正>Guangxi has carried out the policy of differen- tiated power price earnestly.At the end of 2007,the price bureau of the autonomous re- gion has unveiled the policy of the cancellation of preferential electricity price for high energy consumption enterprises.

  16. Survey and Study of Soil Nutrients of Sugarcane Field in Southern Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yan; ZENG; Jinsheng; HUANG; Rulin; XIE; Liuqiang; ZHOU; Yongxian; LIU; Yumo; TAN; Hongwei; TAN

    2015-01-01

    To survey and analyze soil nutrients of sugarcane field in southern Guangxi and provide basic data for reasonable land use and scientific fertilization,combining GIS technology,a total of 498 samples of topsoil of typical soil types in southern Guangxi sugarcane planting areas were collected and soil nutrients were measured. Survey results indicate that the p H value of 95% soil in southern Guangxi is lower than 6. 5;acid soil is major soil type of sugarcane planting areas in southern Guangxi; the organic matter content is 6. 03- 44. 58 g / kg; alkali-hydrolyzable N is 14. 0- 175. 0 mg / kg; available P is 1. 7- 95. 0 mg / kg; available K is 11. 0- 358. 0 mg / kg; the content of most nutrients remains at medium level,and there is still a large gap with high-yield soil condition. In various trace elements,the average content of B is 0. 24 mg / kg,- 98% soil lacks B; the average content of available Mg is 62. 34 mg / kg and 69. 08% soil lacks Mg; the average content of active Ca is 592.68 mg / kg and the active Ca is relatively low in 54. 84% soil; the average content of available Zn is 0. 93 mg / kg,and 19. 08% soil lacks Zn;the average content of available Cu is 0. 65 mg / kg,and 7. 02% soil lacks Cu. It is concluded that the overall soil fertility of sugarcane planting areas in southern Guangxi is not high,the organic matter is relatively low,the content of rapidly available N,P and K is at medium or low level,the content of Fe and Mn is high,and the available Cu and available Zn of most soil remain at medium level.

  17. Comparison among the Consumption Structures of Different Income Groups of Urban Residents in Guangxi Based on ELES Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    According to the household consumption data of urban residents in Guangxi Statistical Yearbook in the year 2009, the ELES (Extended Linear Expenditure System) is used to analyze the consumption structure, the propensity to consume, and the consumer flexibility of urban residents in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region of China in the year 2008. Result shows that urban residents in Guangxi has relatively low propensity to consume. And their consumption, especially the middle and low-income families, is mostly concentrated in food, cloth, lodging and other basic necessities of life, which account for more than a half of their income. Based on this, corresponding suggestions are put forward to enlarge the consumption demand of urban residents in Guangxi, such as increasing the regulation of income redistribution, minimizing the gap between the rich and the poor, enhancing the overall consumption level, cultivating the consumption hot spots for the urban residents, and actively guiding the enjoyable consumption.

  18. 广西元宝山自然保护区两栖动物资源调查及保护%Survey and Conservation of Amphibia Resources in Yuanbao Mountain Nature Reserve of Guangxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋才云; 曾小飚

    2011-01-01

    The amphibian resources in Yuanbao Mountain Nature Reserve of Guangxi were investigated from March to August in 2009. The results showed that 27 species of amphibians, belonging to 18 genera, 8 families, 2 orders, were recorded in the reserve. The Shannon-Wienner diversity index and Pielou evenness index were 2.877 and 0.873 respectively. According to the zoogeographic division, this area belong to Western mountain and plateau subregion, Central China region, Oriental Realm. The fauna is mainly composed of species distributed in both Central and South China Region. The ecological categories of 27 amphibians are mainly running-water type and Terrestrial & Quiet-water type. Compared to Maoershan Nature Reserve and Guilin Lijiang scenic spots located in the north of Guangxi similarly, the similarity coefficient of amphibian communities in Yuanbao Mountain Nature Reserve is higher. On the contrary,it has smaller similarity coefficient than Cenwanglaoshan Nature Reserve, Longtan Nature Reserve, Diding Nature Reserve of west of Guangxi and Shiwandashan, Guabang mountain of South of Guangxi. Based on the status of the amphibian resources, some protective suggestions were provided in the paper.%2009年3~8月,对广西元宝山自然保护区的两栖动物资源进行了调查.结果表明,该保护区有两栖动物27种,隶属18属8科2目;物种多样性指数为2.877,均匀度指数为0.873.动物地理区划属东洋界华中区西部山地高原亚区黔桂湘低山丘陵省,区系组成以华中区与华南区共有种为主:生态类型以流水型和陆栖静水型种类占优势:保护区和同样地处桂北的猫儿山自然保护区、桂林漓江风景名胜区的两栖动物群落相似系数较高,而与桂西地区的岑王老山自然保护区、龙滩自然保护区、底定自然保护区和桂南地区的十万大山、挂榜山的相似系数较小.最后,根据资源现状提出了保护对策.

  19. Plant Growth-Promoting Nitrogen-Fixing Enterobacteria Are in Association with Sugarcane Plants Growing in Guangxi, China

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    The current nitrogen fertilization for sugarcane production in Guangxi, the major sugarcane-producing area in China, is very high. We aim to reduce nitrogen fertilization and improve sugarcane production in Guangxi with the help of indigenous sugarcane-associated nitrogen-fixing bacteria. We initially obtained 196 fast-growing bacterial isolates associated with the main sugarcane cultivar ROC22 plants in fields using a nitrogen-deficient minimal medium and screened out 43 nitrogen-fixing isol...

  20. A Research on Competitiveness of Guangxi City——Based on System Clustering Method and Principal Component Analysis Method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    A total of 10 indices of regional economic development in Guangxi are selected.According to the relevant economic data,regional economic development in Guangxi is analyzed by using System Clustering Method and Principal Component Analysis Method.Result shows that System Clustering Method and Principal Component Analysis Method have revealed similar results analysis of economic development level.Overall economic strength of Guangxi is weak and Nanning has relatively high scores of factors due to its advantage of the political,economic and cultural center.Comprehensive scores of other regions are all lower than 1,which has big gap with the development of Nanning.Overall development strategy points out that Guangxi should accelerate the construction of the Ring Northern Bay Economic Zone,create a strong logistics system having strategic significance to national development,use the unique location advantage and rely on the modern transportation system to establish a logistics center and business center connecting the hinterland and the Asean Market.Based on the problems of unbalanced regional economic development in Guangxi,we should speed up the development of service industry in Nanning,construct the circular economy system of industrial city,and accelerate the industrialization process of tourism city in order to realize balanced development of regional economy in Guangxi,China.

  1. Re-emergence of rabies in the Guangxi province of Southern China.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hai-Bo Tang

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Human rabies cases in the Guangxi province of China decreased from 839 in 1982 to 24 in 1995, but subsequently underwent a sharp increase, and has since maintained a high level.3,040 brain samples from normal dogs and cats were collected from 14 districts of Guangxi and assessed by RT-PCR. The brain samples showed an average rabies virus (RV positivity rate of 3.26%, but reached 4.71% for the period Apr 2002 to Dec 2003. A total of 30 isolates were obtained from normal dogs and 28 isolates from rabid animals by the mouse inoculation test (MIT. Six representative group I and II RV isolates showed an LD50 of 10-5.35/ml to 10-6.19/ml. The reactivity of monoclonal antibodies (MAbs to group I and II RV isolates from the Guangxi major epidemic showed that eight anti-G MAbs showed strong reactivity with isolates of group I and II with titers of ≥10,000; however, the MAbs 9-6, 13-3 and 12-14 showed lower reactivity. Phylogenetic analysis based on the G gene demonstrated that the Guangxi RV isolates have similar topologies with strong bootstrap values and are closely bonded. Alignment of deduced amino acids revealed that the mature G protein has four substitutions A96S, L132F, N436S, and A447I specific to group I, and 13 substitutions T90M, Y168C, S204G, T249I, P253S, S289T, V332I, Q382H, V427I, L474P, R463K Q486H, and T487N specific to group II, coinciding with the phylogenetic analysis of the isolates.Re-emergence of human rabies has mainly occurred in rural areas of Guangxi since 1996. The human rabies incidence rate increased is related with RV positive rate of normal dogs. The Guangxi isolates tested showed a similar pathogenicity and antigenicity. The results of phylogenetic analysis coincide with that of alignment of deduced amino acids.

  2. A newly discovered Gigantopithecus fauna from Sanhe Cave, Chongzuo, Guangxi, South China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JIN ChangZhu; QIN DaGong; PAN WenShi; TANG ZhiLu; LIU JinYi; WANG Yuan; DENG ChengLong; ZHANG YingQi; DONG Wei; TONG HaoWen

    2009-01-01

    Among the most important faunas in the Late Cenozoic, the Gigantopithecus faunas have received:a good deal of attention. The Gigantopithecus fauna recently discovered in Sanhe Cave consists of more than 80 mammal species, including cf. Hominidae, Pongo sp., Hylobates sp., Sinomastodon yangzien-sis, Stegodon preorientalis, Cervavitus fenqii, Dicoryphochoerus ultimus and Sus xiaozhu. It is the southernmost Gigantopithecus fauna found so far in China. Its geological age is estimated to be Early Pleistocene based on the fauna and stratigraphic correlation. The significant increase in the estimated body sizes of Ailuropoda, Gigantopithecus and Tapirus shows that the Sanhe fauna is middle Early Pleistocene, later than those from Wushan and Liucheng (early Early Pleistocene). Paleomagnetic dating of the fossil-bearing strata in Sanhe Cave gives an age of approximately 1.2 Ma. The fauna is characterized by tropical-subtropical forest types, including Pongo sp., Tupaia sp., la sp., Typhlomys intermedius, etc., and it lacks Palaearctic types. It is a typical tropical forest fauna, suggesting an en-vironment with a lush forest and a warm and humid climate. The discovery of the Sanhe Gigantopith-ecus fauna is significant for establishing the chronological stages of the Gigantopithecus faunas in China, and for discussing their origin, evolution and dynamics.

  3. 华南中-晚二叠世之交碳酸盐岩磁学特征及环境意义%Magnetic Properties of Middle-Late Permian Carbonates in South China and Their Environmental Significances

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李波; 薛武强; 颜佳新; 朱宗敏; 王艳; 马志鑫

    2015-01-01

    As a reliable proxy for paleoclimate and paleoenvironment,magnetic parameter could provide valuable data for the re-search of global environmental changes and climatic processes.A detailed study has been carried out on rock magnetism in order to reveal the change of climate and environment and its reasons across Guadalupian-Lopingian (G-L)boundary at Tieqiao sec-tion in Laibin area,Guangxi,China.The results show that the dominant magnetic minerals from Tieqiao section are paramag-netic minerals with a small amount of magnetite and hematite as well.There is a remarkable change in the properties of rock magnetism near the G-L boundary.Magnetic susceptibility increases first and then decreases.Magnetic carriers show the trend of being transformed from hard magnetic minerals (hematite)to soft magnetic mineral (magnetite)and then turning to hard magnetic minerals (hematite).All of these changes occur within 4 m-thick strata interval above and below the G-L boundary, and synchronize with the fluctuation of sea-level and ancient seawater temperature during late Middle Permian.The significant changes in magnetic parameters for Middle-Late Permian carbonates suggest that the migration and conversion of magnetic minerals between different spheres in earth system has shifted,which resulted from the climatic and environmental changes. High sea-level during Late Guadalupian and Early Lopingian resulted in the decrease in terrigenous supply in South China. Therefore,the magnetic carriers in Tieqiao section mainly are hematite through aeolian transportation during this period.How-ever,pronounced regression during the Middle-Late Permian transition led to the expansion of exposed land area.Meanwhile, land plants experienced widespread extinction,which led to increased sediment source.The magnetic carriers in contemporane-ous sediments of Tieqiao section are mainly fluvial magnetite.%磁学参数作为可靠的古气候和古环境指标,能为全球环境变化、气候过程

  4. Summary of the 4th Annual Scientific Session of Cardiology in South China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘伊丽

    2002-01-01

    @@ The 4th Annual Scientific Session of South China was held from April 5 ~ 8, 2002 in Guangzhou. More than one thousand cardiologists came from Guangzhou,Guangxi, Hunan and Hainan Province participated in the meeting and 143 abstracts were presented. A distinguished faculty from the United States, Canada,Germany, Britain, Honkong, Beijing and Shanghai were invited to join this conference and gave a series of special lectures about the newest advances in cardiology.

  5. Distribution of pathological finding in the children with nephrotic syndrome from Guangxi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tian-Biao Zhou

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available To identify the variations in pediatric renal biopsy pathology and clinicopathological features in Guangxi, China, in the past ten years, we studied retrospectively the kidney biopsies performed to evaluate the primary nephrotic syndrome (PNS in 218 children at two main medical centers in Guangxi from January 1999 to January 2009. The major pathological finding was mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis (48.2%, focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (16.5%, immunoglobulin A nephropathy (13.3% and minimal change disease (11.0%. Patients with different pathological types yielded different response rates to glucocorticoids (P <0.001. There were statistical significant differences between prognosis for the different pathological types (P <0.05. The pathological characteristics of PNS in children were diverse and significant for guiding the grade of glucocorticoid response and predicting the prognosis of the PNS disease.

  6. [Investigation of Gesneriaceae ethnic medicinal plants in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bai, Zhen-Fang; Wang, Xiao-Qin; Xiao, Pei-Gen; Liu, Yong

    2012-01-01

    To offer a scientific evidence for the study and exploration of Gesneriaceae ethnic medicinal plants in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region by summinging up the species, distribution and traditional effect etc.. Made investigation in the local place and analyzed data, consulted relevant specimen and references. 1) Seven ethnic medicinal plants belonged to Gesneriaceae, and three of them were recorded in traditional references; 2) Same plants were usually used as different ethnic medicine; 3) The Seven Ethnic Medicines showed three kinds of traditional effects, which were almost suit to modern pharmacological results. Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region is rich in the Gesneriaceae medicinal plants and these traditional medicines are very effective in treatment. However, most of them still need to be studied furthermore.

  7. Competitiveness of Characteristic Agriculture in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Based on Explanatory Indicators

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    The five explanatory indicators of the competitiveness of characteristic agriculture are the agricultural science and technology,the cultural quality of agricultural labor force,the agricultural infrastructure,the resource endowment,and the agricultural management scale.According to these explanatory indicators,competitiveness of characteristic agriculture is relatively strong in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region of China,which is mainly reflected in the resource advantage,irrigation degree,and road construction level.However,the agricultural technology level,the cultural quality of agricultural labor force,the agricultural mechanization,and the agricultural management scale have relatively poor competitiveness.Therefore,more attention should be paid in these aspects,in order to improve the competitiveness of characteristic agriculture in Guangxi.

  8. Spatial, temporal and spatio-temporal clusters of measles incidence at the county level in Guangxi, China during 2004-2014: flexibly shaped scan statistics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tang, Xianyan; Geater, Alan; McNeil, Edward; Deng, Qiuyun; Dong, Aihu; Zhong, Ge

    2017-04-04

    Outbreaks of measles re-emerged in Guangxi province during 2013-2014, where measles again became a major public health concern. A better understanding of the patterns of measles cases would help in identifying high-risk areas and periods for optimizing preventive strategies, yet these patterns remain largely unknown. Thus, this study aimed to determine the patterns of measles clusters in space, time and space-time at the county level over the period 2004-2014 in Guangxi. Annual data on measles cases and population sizes for each county were obtained from Guangxi CDC and Guangxi Bureau of Statistics, respectively. Epidemic curves and Kulldorff's temporal scan statistics were used to identify seasonal peaks and high-risk periods. Tango's flexible scan statistics were implemented to determine irregular spatial clusters. Spatio-temporal clusters in elliptical cylinder shapes were detected by Kulldorff's scan statistics. Population attributable risk percent (PAR%) of children aged ≤24 months was used to identify regions with a heavy burden of measles. Seasonal peaks occurred between April and June, and a temporal measles cluster was detected in 2014. Spatial clusters were identified in West, Southwest and North Central Guangxi. Three phases of spatio-temporal clusters with high relative risk were detected: Central Guangxi during 2004-2005, Midwest Guangxi in 2007, and West and Southwest Guangxi during 2013-2014. Regions with high PAR% were mainly clustered in West, Southwest, North and Central Guangxi. A temporal uptrend of measles incidence existed in Guangxi between 2010 and 2014, while downtrend during 2004-2009. The hotspots shifted from Central to West and Southwest Guangxi, regions overburdened with measles. Thus, intensifying surveillance of timeliness and completeness of routine vaccination and implementing supplementary immunization activities for measles should prioritized in these regions.

  9. An Empirical Study on the Moderate Scale of Food-production-based Family Farm in Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yaogui WU

    2016-01-01

    The moderate scale family farm is the future agricultural business entity in China,and the scale of family farm is a key factor affecting its development.With Guigang City in Guangxi as a point for the study,from the perspective of maximizing income of rural households,this paper uses production function model to calculate the moderate scale of food-production-based family farm at 5.7 ha,and makes policy recommendations.

  10. Types and Genesis of Manganese Oxide Ores in Guangxi,Southwest China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘腾飞

    1999-01-01

    Systematic studies are diven to the genesis and spatial distribution of manganese oxide deposits in Guangxi,Southwest China.The deposits are classified as 3 types and 7 subtypes among which the karst depression type is regionally characteristic an of reat potential.A genetic model is presented for the mineralization on the basis of proto-rock,tectonic background,topographic features and climatic and hydrogeological conditions.

  11. Estimation of Production Amount of Livestock and Poultry Manure and Environmental Impact Assessment in Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Qing; LIAO; Dongliang; HUANG; Zepu; JIANG; Guangpo; WEI; Panxia; LIANG; Yuning; WANG; Yangrui; LI

    2013-01-01

    This study was intended to estimate production of major livestock and poultry manure and contaminant content,and find out current situation of manure pollution,so as to provide reference for pollution control of livestock and poultry breeding industry in Guangxi.Based on the related statistic data in 2010 and the excretion coefficient of different livestock and poultry,the manure and its contaminant production amount of main livestock and poultry in Guangxi were estimated.Then the annual livestock and poultry manure load of farmland and the loss of contaminant were also calculated to analyze the ecological pressure resulted from livestock and poultry breeding in Guangxi.Following results were obtained:in 2010,the production amount of the livestock and poultry manure in Guangxi was 9141.30×104tons,including nutrient TN42.07×104tons and TP 13.62×104tons;the annual livestock and poultry manure and N,P pure nutrient load of farmland was 21t/hm2,98kg/hm2,and 32 kg/hm2respectively;the production amount of manure contaminants was BOD5383.43×104tons,COD Cr435.42×104tons,and NH3-N 42.08×104tons;according to 30%loss rate,the loss amount of COD Cr and NH3-N was higher than the sum of industrial and life waste water.It was concluded that the livestock and poultry breeding industry had little impact on soil environment,but posed a grave threat to water environment.

  12. Food-deceptive pollination in Cymbidium lancifolium (Orchidaceae) in Guangxi, China

    OpenAIRE

    Jin Cheng; Shiyong Liu; Rong He; Xinlian Wei; Yibo Luo

    2007-01-01

    The orchid family is renowned for its enormous diversity of pollination mechanisms and unusually high occurrence of non-rewarding flowers compared to other plant families. We investigated the pollination biology of Cymbidium lancifolium during 2005 and 2006 in the Yachang Nature Reserve, Guangxi Province, SW China. Our observations showed that Apis cerana cerana (Hymenopterous, Apidae) was the only pollinator. The bee directly landed on the mid-lobe, then adjusted its direction and entered in...

  13. Primulina cardaminifolia (Gesneriaceae), a rare new species from limestone areas in Guangxi, China

    OpenAIRE

    Xu, Wei-Bin; Liu, Yan; Kono, Yoshiko; Chang, Hsuan; Peng, Ching-I; Chung, Kuo-Fang

    2013-01-01

    Background Primulina cardaminifolia Yan Liu & W.B. Xu (Gesneriaceae), a distinct new species with imparipinnate leaves, is described and illustrated from a limestone valley in Guangxi Zhuangzu Autonomous Region, China. To assure its generic placement and phylogenetic affinity, phylogenetic analyses were performed using DNA sequences of nuclear ITS and chloroplast trnL-F intron spacer region. Additionally, somatic chromosome number was counted and pollen stainability was tested. Results Phylog...

  14. Situation and Prospect of Oil and Gas Exploration in Yunnan, Guizhou and Guangxi Provinces

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhao Zeheng; Gu Pingquan

    1996-01-01

    @@ Petroleum Geology Background The Yunnan, Guizhou and Guangxi region (hereinafter "YGG" region) is located in southwest China, with a total area of 800 000 km2, of which 580 000 km2 is covered by sedimentary rocks. In the course of long geologic evolution, a series of medium, small and micro basins of marine and terrestrial facies of different periods are developed in the region (Table 1).

  15. Numerical Simulation of Nutrient and Phytoplankton Dynamics in Guangxi Coastal Bays, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    QIAO Xudong; WANG Baodong; SUN Xia; LIANG Shengkang

    2014-01-01

    The increasing riverine pollutants have resulted in nutrient enrichment and deterioration of water quality in the coastal water of Guangxi Province, China. However, the quantitative relationship between nutrient loads and water quality responses, which is crucial for developing eutrophication control strategies, is not well studied. In this study, the riverine fluxes of nutrients were quan-tified and integrated with nutrient cycling and phytoplankton dynamics by using box models for Guangxi coastal bays. The model concepts and biogeochemical equations were the same; while most model parameters were specific for each bay. The parameters were calibrated with seasonal observations during 2006-2007, and validated with yearly averaged measurements in 2009. The gen-eral features of nutrient and phytoplankton dynamics were reproduced, and the models were proved feasible under a wide range of bay conditions. Dissolved inorganic nitrogen was depleted during the spring algal bloom in Zhenzhu Bay and Fangcheng Bay with relatively less nutrient inputs. Phosphorus concentration was high in spring, which decreased then due to continuous phytoplankton consumption. Chlorophyll-a concentration reached its annual maximum in summer, but was the minimum in winter. Eutrophication was characterized by both an increase in nutrient concentrations and phytoplankton biomass in Lianzhou Bay. Either about 80%re-duction of nitrogen or 70%reduction of phosphorus was required to control the algal bloom in Lianzhou Bay. Defects of the models were discussed and suggestions to the environmental protection of Guangxi coastal bays were proposed.

  16. Thinking on Promoting International Trade Competitive Advantage of Agricultural Products in Guangxi Based on CAFTA Framework

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    This paper analyzes the status quo and the existing problems of international trade development of agricultural products in Guangxi based on CAFTA framework as follows: the international trade of agricultural products in Guangxi shows a trend of rapid growth, but the structure of export products is simple; the distribution of export market is irrational; the export goods are mainly the resources-intensive goods and labor-intensive goods, with low added value of goods; the brand of agricultural products lacks strong overall international competitiveness. In the context of CAFTA framework, in order to foster the international trade competitive advantage of agricultural products in Guangxi, corresponding suggestions are put forward as follows: the structure of export market should change from the current simple status to diversified trend; the structure of export goods should gradually change from the current factor endowment to the orientation of international market demand; the agricultural production should change from the traditional agricultural products to advantageous complementary characteristic agricultural products; the trade structure should change from the land-intensive agricultural products to labor-intensive and technology-intensive agricultural products; the structure of merchandise trade should change from low-price vicious competition to high added-value competition; the governmental function should change from traditional one-way-direction-oriented function to modern integrated-service-and-supervision-oriented function that meets the requirements of export.

  17. Analysis of Meteorological Elements and Distribution Characters of Surface Solar Radiation in Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHENG; Ai-zhen; HUANG; Ren-li

    2012-01-01

    [Objective] The aim was to study the relation between solar radiation distribution and meteorological elements in Guangxi. [Method] Based on the observed data of solar radiation in Guangxi from 1995 to 2009, the total radiation, solar distribution and interannual changes in Guangxi were analyzed. By dint of observed data in Nanning station, the annual, seasonal and monthly changes of net radiation in Nanning and the linear relation between total radiation, solar distribution characteristics and interannual changes were discussed. [Result] The global radiation of surface solar radiation in the low latitude was higher tan the high latitude, as BeihaiNanningGuilin. The solar radiation changes and the seasonal changes in different places varied, as summerautumnspringwinter. The total radiation and solar radiation hours were consistent. The total solar radiation and the low cloud was in negative relation, but was in positive relation with sunny weather. The total solar radiation was in positive relation with ground temperature, except in winter. [Conclusion] The study provided effective theoretical basis and data reference to the study of climate and development of solar energy.

  18. Analysis of Meteorological Elements and Distribution Characters of Surface Solar Radiation in Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHENG; Ai-zhen; HUANG; Ren-li

    2012-01-01

    [Objective] The aim was to study the relation between solar radiation distribution and meteorological elements in Guangxi. [Method] Based on the observed data of solar radiation in Guangxi from 1995 to 2009, the total radiation, solar distribution and interannual changes in Guangxi were analyzed. By dint of observed data in Nanning station, the annual, seasonal and monthly changes of net radiation in Nanning and the linear relation between total radiation, solar distribution characteristics and interannual changes were discussed. [Result] The global radiation of surface solar radiation in the low latitude was higher tan the high latitude, as Beihai>Nanning>Guilin. The solar radiation changes and the seasonal changes in different places varied, as summer>autumn>spring>winter. The total radiation and solar radiation hours were consistent. The total solar radiation and the low cloud was in negative relation, but was in positive relation with sunny weather. The total solar radiation was in positive relation with ground temperature, except in winter. [Conclusion] The study provided effective theoretical basis and data reference to the study of climate and development of solar energy.

  19. Stratigraphic Geochemistry of Upper—Middle Proterozoic Suberathem in Northern Guangxi,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阎明; 刘英俊; 等

    1995-01-01

    The Upper-Middle Proterozoic epimetamorphic rock series in northern Guangxi is a suite of volcanic-terrigenous clastic formations transforming in facies from mobile to stable, which is similar to Eparchean normal argillo-arenaceous sediments both in petrochemistry and in REE geochemistry.The Upper-Middle Proterozoic Suberathem in northern Guangxi is characterized by primordial enrichment of As and Sb, significant depletion in Sr and Hg, bimodal or polymodal distribution of Au and other ore-forming elements, and high variation coefficients and strong mobilities of Sn,Cu,Ni,Au,Ag,As and Sb.The trace element association is characterized by the predominance of siderophile and chalcophile elements occurring in the Middle Proterozoic and that of lithophile ele-ments occurring in the Upper Proterozoic .It is suggested that in northern Guangxi is developed a series of ore-bearing formations with the Sibao Group as the protogenous basement and the Danzhou Group and Lower Sinian series as the derivative cap strata.

  20. Survey and Evaluation of Heavy Metal Pollution in Paddy Soil in West Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yuyi; HUANG; Guifen; CHEN; Liumei; XIONG; Yuning; WANG; Kaifu; YE; Lan; ZHANG; Qizhan; TANG; Jin; WANG

    2015-01-01

    This paper aims to understand the current situation of heavy metal pollution in paddy soil in West Guangxi,to provide a reference for heavy metal pollution control. The content of Cd,Pb and As of 50 soil samples of cultivation layer( 0- 20 cm),taken from main rice producing areas in West Guangxi,is determined. The environment quality of soil is assessed with the single factor index and the potential ecological risk of paddy soil is evaluated with the potential ecological risk index of Hakanson. The results show that the mean content of Cd,Pb,and As in paddy soil samples is 0. 941,26. 46 and 10. 16 mg / kg,respectively. The Cd content of 54. 0% soil samples and the As content of 2. 0% soil samples are higher than the standard II National Soil Environment Quality,and Cd in paddy soil has high potential ecological risk. Heavy metal pollution in paddy soil in West Guangxi is mainly Cd pollution.

  1. 广西合浦县九只岭东汉墓%Eastern Han Tombs at Jiuzhiling in Hepu County, Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    广西壮族自治区文物工作队; 合浦县博物馆

    2003-01-01

    The five tombs at Hepu Jiuzhiling are medium or small in size and “中”- or “凸”-shaped in plan. They are built of bricks except for a brick-and-timber grave. The objects they yielded include pottery, bronzes, irons and talcum articles, as well as jade, gold, silver, crystal, agate, amber and glassornaments. With these grave goods definite in date, the tombs help to make up gaps in the knowledge of the chronology and typology of Han burials in Guangdong and Guangxi. Meanwhile, they undoubtedly much contribute to studying the periodization of Eastern Han graves and the history of the region south of the Five Ridges. Referring to previously obtained research results, the plenty of gold, glass, agate,crystal and amber ornaments unearthed from the tombs must largely be imported goods. This has im-portant value to the study of Han period Hepu Port, the Sea Silk Road, and the overseas trade of South China.

  2. ECOLOGICAL SECURITY EVALUATION OF SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT IN KARST MOUNTAINOUS AREA--A Case Study of Du'an Yao Autonomous County in Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIAO Chi-mei; LI Lan; YAN Zhi-qiang; HU Bao-qing

    2004-01-01

    Ecological security is the main task and applied field of present geography, resources and environment sciences and ecology. Ecological security evaluation will efficiently promote ecological security and environmental construction in regional land use. In this thesis, the authors put forward the index system of ecological security evaluation in karst mountainous area on three aspects, the pressure of resources and eco-environment, the quality of resources and eco-environment, and the ability of environmental protection and ecological improvement. Using the evaluation method with single index, based on the case study ofDu'an Yao Autonomous County of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, the system of synthetic regionalization of ecological agricultural economy was formed, which includes three regions, south region with basic security and synthetic agricultural development, east region with critical security and agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry balanced development, mid-west and south region with ecological insecurity and compounded agriculture and forestry management. Meanwhile, for these regions, the countermeasures of sustainable agricultural development were pointed out, which provide the basis and example for ecological regulation and control of sustainable agricultural development in counties ofkarst mountainous area.

  3. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in multimedia environment of Heshan coal district, Guangxi: distribution, source diagnosis and health risk assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Huan-Fang; Xing, Xin-Li; Zhang, Ze-Zhou; Qi, Shi-Hua; Yang, Dan; Yuen, Dave A; Sandy, Edward H; Zhou, Ai-Guo; Li, Xiao-Qian

    2016-10-01

    Mining activities are among the major culprits of the wide occurrences of soil and water pollution by PAHs in coal district, which have resulted in ecological fragilities and health risk for local residents. Sixteen PAHs in multimedia environment from the Heshan coal district of Guangxi, South China, were measured, aiming to investigate the contamination level, distribution and possible sources and to estimate the potential health risks of PAHs. The average concentrations of 16 PAHs in the coal, coal gangue, soil, surface water and groundwater were 5114.56, 4551.10, 1280.12 ng g(-1), 426.98 and 381.20 ng L(-1), respectively. Additionally, higher soil and water PAH concentrations were detected in the vicinities of coal or coal gangue dump. Composition analysis, isomeric ratio, Pearson correlation analysis and principal component analysis were performed to diagnose the potential sources of PAHs in different environmental matrices, suggesting the dominant inputs of PAHs from coal/coal combustion and coal gangue in the soil and water. Soil and water guidelines and the incremental lifetime risk (ICLR) were used to assess the health risk, showing that soil and water were heavily contaminated by PAHs, and mean ICLRcoal/coal-gangue and mean ICLRsoil were both significantly higher than the acceptable levels (1 × 10(-4)), posing high potential carcinogenic risk to residents, especially coal workers. This study highlights the environmental pollution problems and public health concerns of coal mining, particularly the potential occupational health hazards of coal miners exposed in Heshan.

  4. 广西来宾市少数民族贫困地区2011年地中海贫血筛查分析%Interventional measure in screening thalassemia in population of minority poverty area in Laibin City in 2011

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈世新; 廖志贤; 陈莲; 黄秀兰; 张捷

    2012-01-01

    目的 降低来宾市“地中海贫血”(以下简称地贫)发生率,减少出生缺陷发生,提高出生人口素质.方法 通过免费婚检、产检平台对来宾市男女双方地贫基因携带者进行基因诊断、跟踪,怀孕时进行胎儿地贫筛查诊断,发现重型地贫胎儿建议孕妇及时终止妊娠.结果 来宾市婚检率、产检率逐年上升,分别由2008年的46.36%和94.14%上升到2011年的94.85%和98.45%;地贫筛查人数也逐年增加,筛查率明显提高;而出生缺陷发生率逐年下降,从2007年的19.13‰下降到2011年的9.51‰.2011年检出重型地贫胎儿24例、中间型地贫胎儿14例,轻型地贫胎儿107例.其中24例重型地贫胎儿已全部采取终止妊娠措施;另有1例α地贫中间型地贫胎儿也采取了终止妊娠措施,有效减少了地贫胎儿出生.结论 利用免费婚检、产检平台,筛查地贫基因携带者,并且对其进行跟踪,对怀孕者的胎儿进行地贫筛查和基因诊断,发现重型地贫胎儿及时采取终止妊娠,是避免地贫儿出生、降低出生缺陷发生率的有效措施.%Objective To reduce the incidence of thalassemia and birth defect by free antemarital examination and prenatal test. Methods The screening of thalassemia in population of Laibin city through free marriage examination and prenatal test was carried out. Gene diagnosis and tracking were performed on both male and female thalassemia gene carriers. Pregnant women were suggested to terminate the pregnancy when fetus with severe thalassemia was found. Results The rates of marriage examination and prenatal test rosed from 46.36% and 94.14% in 2008 to 94.85% and 98.45% in 2011, respectively. The number of people who participated in the screening of thalassemia increased annually. The rate of the screening rose while the incidence of birth defects reduced gradually from 19.13‰ in 2007 to 9.51‰ in 2011. 24 severe cases, 14 moderate cases and 107 mild cases were

  5. 广西客家文化国际通道初探--兼论当代客家之全球发展%International Channel of Guangxi Hakka Culture---Contemporary Global Development of Hakka

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭会资; 彭强民; 彭强宏

    2013-01-01

    Guangxi Hakka culture international channel was formed in the Qin dynasty. Lingqu Canal was dug then connecting the Yangtze River water system and the Pearl River water system and the South China Sea. From Qin and Han dynasties to the Tang, Song, Yuan, Ming, and Qing dynasty, Hakka migrating south from the Central Plains, resided in the Beibu Gulf Area and later gradually moved overseas. Dr. Sun yat-sen attached great importance to Guangxi Hakka culture international channel. Hakka people around the South China Sea formed the Hakka culture economy, which plays an important role in connecting the inland the overseas. Guangxi Hakka culture international channel continues to extend, with its own distinctive feature and rich philosophical meaning. With the economic globalization of the Beibu Gulf Area, it will continue to promote global peace development.%广西客家文化国际通道,形成于秦代开凿灵渠,连通长江水系与珠江水系而出南海。历经秦汉至唐宋元明清,由中原南迁的客家人,逐渐聚居南海北部湾地区而又移居海外。孙中山先生高度重视广西客家文化国际通道,至今通道崭新宽广开新篇。中国南海周边的客家人,形成了客家经济文化圈,发挥着内联外引的重要作用。广西客家文化国际通道在延伸,特色鲜明,富有哲理。随着广西北部湾深度融入经济全球化,广西客家人正影响全球,促进全球和平发展。

  6. 广西地区类鼻疽伯克霍尔德氏菌的分布调查%Prevalence of Burkholderia pseudomallei in Guangxi province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马广强; 王倩; 朱金华; 叶荷平; 万红娇; 汪建民

    2013-01-01

    目的 调查类鼻疽伯克霍尔德氏菌在广西地区的详细分布情况.方法 于2007年底对广西地区的14个地级市进行了大规模调查,共采集了77个地点的154个土壤样品和130个水样.采样通过细菌分离培养方法、16S rDNA基因测序和鞭毛基因检测的方法进行鉴定分析,对类鼻疽伯克霍尔德氏菌检出情况的地理分布进行绘图记录.结果 154份土壤样品中分离纯化出13株类鼻疽伯克霍尔德氏菌,阳性率为8.4%,没有在水样中发现该菌;分离纯化结果与16S rDNA基因测序和鞭毛基因检测的结果完全一致.分离纯化类鼻疽伯克霍尔德氏菌阳性的采样点分布在中东、南宁、钦州、放城、北海5个地区.结论 广西地区的类鼻疽伯克霍尔德氏菌主要分布在北回归线以南,南海附近地区.%Objective To detect the prevalence and distribution of Burkholderia pseudomallei (B. pseudomallei) in Guangxi province, China, Methods Samples were harvested from several locations in Guangxi region in the year of 2007. A total of 154 soil samples and 130 water samples were screened for B. pseudomallei by bacterial culture, and identification by PCR for species-specific 16S rDNA and flagellin genes. Results B. pseudomallei was detected in 8. 4% of the soil samples but in none of the water samples. These results were identical with those from species-specific 16S rDNA and flagellin genes. All positive samples were confined to 5 locations including Zhongdong, Nanning, Qinzhou, Fangcheng and Beihai. Conclusion Almost all positive samples are isolated from places in the south of the Tropic of Cancer and nearby the South China Sea.

  7. South China Flooded

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Vehicles traverse a flooded street in Liuzhou, guangxi zhuang Autonomous Region, on May 19.heavy rainstorms repeatedly struck China this month, triggering floods, mudflows and landslides. hunan, guangdong and Jiangxi provinces and Chongqing Municipality were the worst hit.

  8. On Creative Strategies for Translating Guangxi Tourism Texts into Eng-lish under the Perspective of ASEAN

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANG Jian-di

    2016-01-01

    Guangxi tourism texts are a kind of tool to show China’s image. However, there are still lots of problems despite cer-tain achievements in recent years in Chinese-to-English(C-E) translation of tourism texts. So, how to improve the quality of tour-ism materials is of great significance practically. The aim is to adopt the“Creation”Thought of Guo Moruo that emphasizes cre-ation, charming translation, having empathy with the source language and experience, aiming at discovering proper and feasible translation standards and strategies and making it better serve for the tourism development between Guangxi and ASEAN coun-tries.

  9. Epidemiological surveillance of low pathogenic avian influenza virus (LPAIV from poultry in Guangxi Province, Southern China.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yi Peng

    Full Text Available Low pathogenic avian influenza virus (LPAIV usually causes mild disease or asymptomatic infection in poultry. However, some LPAIV strains can be transmitted to humans and cause severe infection. Genetic rearrangement and recombination of even low pathogenic influenza may generate a novel virus with increased virulence, posing a substantial risk to public health. Southern China is regarded as the world "influenza epicenter", due to a rash of outbreaks of influenza in recent years. In this study, we conducted an epidemiological survey of LPAIV at different live bird markets (LBMs in Guangxi province, Southern China. From January 2009 to December 2011, we collected 3,121 cotton swab samples of larynx, trachea and cloaca from the poultry at LBMs in Guangxi. Virus isolation, hemagglutination inhibition (HI assay, and RT-PCR were used to detect and subtype LPAIV in the collected samples. Of the 3,121 samples, 336 samples (10.8% were LPAIV positive, including 54 (1.7% in chicken and 282 (9.1% in duck. The identified LPAIV were H3N1, H3N2, H6N1, H6N2, H6N5, H6N6, H6N8, and H9N2, which are combinations of seven HA subtypes (H1, H3, H4, H6, H9, H10 and H11 and five NA subtypes (N1, N2, N5, N6 and N8. The H3 and H9 subtypes are predominant in the identified LPAIVs. Among the 336 cases, 29 types of mixed infection of different HA subtypes were identified in 87 of the cases (25.9%. The mixed infections may provide opportunities for genetic recombination. Our results suggest that the LPAIV epidemiology in poultry in the Guangxi province in southern China is complicated and highlights the need for further epidemiological and genetic studies of LPAIV in this area.

  10. Material Composition and Engineering Characteristics of Red Clay in Guigang,Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiao Minggui; Wang Jieguang; Chen Xuejun

    2005-01-01

    There is fine and uniform clay with aluminous and ferrous cementation in the red clay found in Guigang, Guangxi. It has the characteristics of shrinkage outwardly, rigid upper but soft lower and well-grown fissure. In addition there are engineering characteristics such as high water content, low compactness and low compressibility, high strength and high contractility but slight expansibility. This paper discusses the red clay's engineering characteristics and its change regulation with depth by analyzing changes in the red clay's grain size composition, mineralogical constitution, and chemical composition.

  11. [The comparative analysis of acute poisoning characteristics between cities and rural areas in Guangxi].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Dong-fang; Liu, Qing-hua

    2012-06-01

    To compare the acute-poisoning characteristics between city and rural areas of Guangxi Province in order to provide clinical data for the formation of treatment strategies of acute poisoning in Guangxi. Data of acute poisoning patients as treated in 36 municipal and 12 county hospitals, and also 15 rural clinics in 11 cities of Guangxi during 2005 to 2009 were collected and analyzed according to poisoning population, poisoning site, poisoning process, and poisoning degree. By analysing 3678 and 2153 cases of acute poisoning patients in rural and urban areas, the gender [χ (2) = 5.53, P professional (3.10% vs. 1.30%), taken by mistake (21.85% vs. 20.91%), homicide (0.30% vs. 0.28%), and suicide (39.07% vs. 18.77%), and by pesticide (60.94% vs. 12.13%), plant (7.08% vs. 2.88%) and animal poisons (7.73% vs. 6.56%), belonging to severe poisoning (25.86% vs. 19.04%) were higher than those in town. In the town, poisoning occurred predominantly in female (55.09% vs. 51.90%), age below 19 years old (23.78% vs. 19.44%), unemployed (33.35% vs. 13.76%), student (17.53% vs. 8.43%), industrial workers (31.95% vs. 2.69%), executives (10.84% vs. 0.22%) and other professional (3.53% vs. 0.05%); occurred in schools (8.78% vs. 0.82%), restaurants (5.48% vs. 1.55%), place of entertainment (1.63% vs. 1.09%), by accidental (52.23% vs. 31.27%), therapeutic (4.46% vs. 2.56%), and other reasons (2.04% vs. 1.85%); by chemicals (33.19% vs. 8.55%), medicines (24.31% vs. 9.12%), and other types of poison (20.92% vs. 6.59%); light and medium degree of poisoning (44.87% vs. 41.22%, 36.09% vs. 32.93%) were higher than those in rural areas. Regarding the acute poisoning in Guangxi, the composition of population, the poisoning sites and causes, the types of poisons, the poisoning degree are distinctly different between urban and rural areas.

  12. Paraboea crassifila, a new species of Paraboea (Gesneriaceae from Danxia landform in Guangxi, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jing Guo

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Paraboea crassifila, a new species of Gesneriaceae from Danxia landform in Guangxi, China is described and illustrated, based on morphological and anatomical features. Paraboea crassifila sp. nov. is reported firstly from Danxia landform in China, with the special feature of enlarged filaments differing from the others of Paraboea distributed in China. Paraboea crassifila is similar to Paraboea guilinensis L. Xu & Y.G. Wei in the habit, but it can be distinguished by the obovate to narrowly obovate leaf blade, the peduncle and calyx covered with ferrugineous matted indumentums, the corolla arachnoid outside, the enlarged filaments, and 3 staminodes.

  13. Charming ASEAN · Approaching China Cultural Tour Held in Fangchenggang, Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xu; Yan

    2014-01-01

    <正>The"Charming ASEAN·Approaching China Cultural Tour"was held in the city of Fangchenggang of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region June 17-19,jointly sponsored by the Chinese People’s Association for Friendship with Foreign Countries(CPAFFC),China-ASEAN Association(C A A),the Guang xi People’s Association for Friendship with Foreign Countries and friendship-with-China associations of 10 ASEAN countries.Present at the function were Gu Xiulian,President of the China-ASE

  14. CAS, Guangxi to join forces for eco-environmental restoration in Karst areas

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ CAS has recently signed a protocol with the Government of the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region to jointly rehabilitate the depleted ecosystem in the local Karst areas. Early and effective partnership has been formed between the two sides to eliminate the local poverty with S&T means and improve the ecological setting in the Karst areas of the Region. Since the conclusion of a cooperative pact between the two sides to exploit the stony mountains of the region in 1993, for example, a batch of key research results and effects of applicable demonstration has been achieved.

  15. Fossil Orangutan-like hominoid teeth from Late Pleistocene human site of Mulanshan cave in Chongzuo of Guangxi and implications on taxonomy and evolution of orangutan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHAO LingXia; WANG CuiBin; JIN ChangZhu; QIN DaGong; PAN WenShi

    2009-01-01

    Fossil records indicate orangutan-like hominoids have been widely distributed in south China during Pleistocene,although currently only surviving in the tropical forests of Kalimantan and Sumatra in Indonesia.This paper describes the recently discovered hominoid fossil teeth from human site of Mulanshan cave in Chongzuo of Guangxi,whose geological age is the Late Pleistocene,about 11000 yeas age based on associated mammal fauna and U-series dating.Compared with those of modern and subfossil orangutans from Indonesia,other fossil great apes from China,the hominoid teeth from Mulanshan cave are orangutan-like,but show somehow different from Indonesia's orangutans,the average sizes of cheek teeth larger and occlusal enamel wrinkles less and simpler.They are classified temporarily as the subspecies of Pongo pygmaeus weidenreichi.Concerning the variations of morphological features and dental sizes of orangutan-like teeth from southern China and neighboring northern Vietnam,different subspecies or species or genus possibly,but the key evidence is necessary to be identified.

  16. 马来西亚广西籍华人社团研究%Research on Guangxi Overseas Chinese Community

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈丙先; 赵松月

    2015-01-01

    As the China's third largest overseas Chinese hometown, Guangxi has more than 700 overseas Chinese abroad. Over the years, Guangxi Overseas Chinese have made great contribution in promoting the Sino-Malaysia relations, maintaining the Chinese culture, and promoting the reunification of the motherland. In it, the Guangxi Overseas Chinese Community plays a crucial role. This paper will make a preliminary research on these Guangxi Overseas Chinese Communities.%广西作为中国的第三大侨乡,在海外拥有华侨华人达700多万。多年来,广西籍华侨华人在联络乡谊,推进中马关系发展,维护和发扬中华文化,促进祖国统一大业的完成等方面做出了巨大贡献,马来西亚的广西籍华侨华人也是如此,特别是其社团功不可没。本文拟对马来西亚广西籍华侨华人社团作一个初步探讨。

  17. Current Situations and Problems of Logistics for Guangxi Fresh Agricultural Products in the New Period and Recommendations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shixiong; ZHU

    2015-01-01

    In recent years,Guangxi realized consecutive bumper harvests in fresh agricultural products,leading increase of logistics demand;logistics infrastructure begins to take shape,and logistics of fresh agricultural products takes on diversified development form with wholesale market as main form. However,traditional fresh agricultural products are not selling well and it lacks construction of supply chain; the construction of logistics information system for fresh agricultural products lags behind; organizational level of production and operation of fresh agricultural products is low. Through analyzing current situations and existing problems of logistics of Guangxi fresh agricultural products in the new period( 21 st century),this paper came up with recommendations for developing logistics of fresh agricultural products of Guangxi. Government should increase policy and financial support,build and manage supply chain of fresh agricultural products,accelerate construction of logistics information system for agricultural products,and improve organizational level of logistics of fresh agricultural products,to ensure healthy development of logistics of fresh agricultural products in Guangxi.

  18. Guangxi Nanguo Copper’s150,000 t/a Copper Smelting Project was Approval by the MEP

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    <正>In the middle of August,the environmental impact report for 150,000 t/a copper smelting project of Guangxi Nanguo Copper Industry Co.,Ltd received formal approval from the Ministry of Environmental Protection,signaling that this project’s environmental impact

  19. Red Journey Following the Footsteps of Uncle Ho Chi Minh and China-Vietnam Border Gala Held in Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xu; Yan

    2015-01-01

    Organized by CPAFFC,Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region People’s Association for Friendship with Foreign Countries and the Vietnam Union of Friendship Organization(VUFO),the Red Journey Following the Footsteps of Uncle Ho Chi Minh and China-Vietnam

  20. Study on security and protection of original ecotourism resources in the mountain areas of western Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wu Lianglin; Zhou Yongzhang; Chen Zhishen; Ding Jian; Yan Xiaoping

    2008-01-01

    Original ecotourism resources mainly refer to natural and human original ecotourism resources,and it's of fragility,rarity and irreversibility.As a valuable historic heritage and important tourism resources,it plays a significunt role in developing tourism and economy in such areas as the underdeveloped areas,the mountain areas and minority areas.The tourism resources in the western mountain areas of Guangxi owe superiorities and characteristics to their original ecology.Yet,western Guangxi is an ethnic region with fragile karst eco-environment,so it is special to exploit the tourism resources.The paper defines original ecotourism and analyses the specialties and advantages of the original ecotourism resources as well as the frailty of the ecotourism re.sources of the region.The ways of thinking are put forward ]or safe preservation and sustainable development of the original ecotourism resources,i.e carrying out measures for the multi-grade protection of heritage resources,setting up a ethnic eco-museum/ethnicculture eco-park and a gene pool of ethnic cultures,etc.

  1. Socio-economic factors of bacillary dysentery based on spatial correlation analysis in Guangxi Province, China.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chengjing Nie

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: In the past decade, bacillary dysentery was still a big public health problem in China, especially in Guangxi Province, where thousands of severe diarrhea cases occur every year. METHODS: Reported bacillary dysentery cases in Guangxi Province were obtained from local Centers for Diseases Prevention and Control. The 14 socio-economic indexes were selected as potential explanatory variables for the study. The spatial correlation analysis was used to explore the associations between the selected factors and bacillary dysentery incidence at county level, which was based on the software of ArcGIS10.2 and GeoDA 0.9.5i. RESULTS: The proportion of primary industry, the proportion of younger than 5-year-old children in total population, the number of hospitals per thousand persons and the rates of bacillary dysentery incidence show statistically significant positive correlation. But the proportion of secondary industry, per capital GDP, per capital government revenue, rural population proportion, popularization rate of tap water in rural area, access rate to the sanitation toilets in rural, number of beds in hospitals per thousand persons, medical and technical personnel per thousand persons and the rate of bacillary dysentery incidence show statistically significant negative correlation. The socio-economic factors can be divided into four aspects, including economic development, health development, medical development and human own condition. The four aspects were not isolated from each other, but interacted with each other.

  2. Prevention and control of Hb Bart's disease in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Sheng; Zhang, Qiang; Li, Dongming; Chen, Shaoke; Tang, Yanqing; Chen, Qiuli; Zheng, Chenguang

    2014-07-01

    To demonstrate the performance of Hb Bart's Disease prevention in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China. A prenatal control program for Hb Bart's disease was conducted from January 2006 to December 2012. A total of 17,555 pregnant women were screened for α-thalassemia in our prenatal screening program. Pregnancy at-risk for Hb Bart's disease was offered the choice of direct invasive testing or the non-invasive approach with serial ultrasonography. A total of 1425 at-risk couples attended the prenatal diagnosis. Three hundred ninety couples were screened at our own hospital, and the remaining 1035 couples were referred from other hospitals. Two hundred and three pregnant women chose non-invasive approach, and 1122 chose invasive testing. A total of 365 fetuses were diagnosed with Hb Bart's disease. All cases were finally confirmed by fetal DNA analysis. Eighty-two cases (22.4%) were diagnosed by chorionic villous sampling and 194 (53.2%) by amniocentesis samples. The other 89 (24.4%) cases were performed by cordocentesis. All of the affected pregnancies were terminated. Implementation of a prevention and control program accompanying with a referral system for prenatal diagnosis is technically feasible in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  3. Monitoring and assessment on the land degradation in hilly karst Guangxi of China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deng, Xiangzheng; Zhan, Jinyan; Zhao, Tao; Zhu, Lifen

    2005-09-01

    With a subtropical climate, Guangxi has a typical karst landscape. Land degradation has become a serious environmental issue due to its high vulnerability caused by the joint effect of natural settings in geology, topography, rainfall, and vegetative cover, as well as human activities such as deforestation. Its eco-environment has deteriorated over recent years while cultivated land is disappearing quickly. This, in turn, has exacerbated the poverty level in rural areas. In this study we monitored the spatial distribution of land degradation and its temporal evolution using Landsat TM/ETM images of the late 1980s, mid-1990s and late 2000 (for simplicity, we identified them as 1985, 1995 and 2000). We also explored the causes of its initiation and expansion. Through constructing regression models using all the relevant variables and considering the lagged effects as well as fixed effects, we quantified the exact role of different factors in causing land degradation in the study area with new findings. Based on these results we further analyzed the hazard of land degradation and proposed a few practical rehabilitation measures, including forestation, infrastructure projects, and ecological projects. The findings in this study are invaluable in preserving, restoring, and reconstructing the degraded environment in Guangxi and other karst areas in Southwest China while alleviating poverty in rural areas.

  4. Variation Characteristics and Mutation Analysis of the Temperature in Fangchenggang of Guangxi in Recent 55 Years

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XU; Wen-long; HUANG; Chun-hua; GUO; Qing-yuan; HU; Jian-ming; CHEN; Shao-he

    2012-01-01

    [Objective]The research aimed to analyze change characteristics and mutation situation of the temperature in Fangchenggang of Guangxi from 1955 to 2009. [Method] Based on actual temperature observation data in Fangchenggang of Guangxi from 1955 to 2009, by using linear trend estimation, Mann-Kendall and cumulative anomaly, change characteristics and mutation situation of the temperature in the city in recent 55 years were analyzed. [Result] Annual average temperature had an obvious rising trend in Fangchenggang in recent 55 years, which was basically consistent with that in whole country. Summer, autumn and winter average temperatures all had obvious warming trends except that the trend in spring. Summer, winter and annual average temperature jumps occurred in the 1980s. Autumn average temperature jump occurred in the end of 1970s while spring average temperature had no jump. The situation in winter was that a transition from low stage to high stage happened in the middle period of 1980s, while transitions of the annual, spring, summer and autumn average temperatures from low stage to high stage happened in the middle and later periods of 1990s. [Conclusion] The research provided decision-making basis for going after advantages and avoiding disadvantages, guiding agricultural production and using climate resource in the zone sufficiently and reasonably.

  5. Rocky Land Desertification and its Driving Forces in the Karst Areas of Rural Guangxi, Southwest China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    With a subtropical climate, Guangxi Zhuaug Autonomous Region has a typical karst landscape. Rocky desertification has become a serious environmental issue due to its high vulnerability caused by the joint effect of natural settings and human activities, because of which its eco- environment has been deteriorated in recent years, and farmland has been disappearing sharply at the same time. This, in turn, has exacerbated the poverty level in the rural areas of the region. In this study, we monitored the spatial distribution of rocky land desertification and its temporal evolution using Landsat TM/ETM images of 1985, 1995, 2000 and 2005. We also analyzed the driving forces of the desertification and its expansion. Through constructing regression models by using all the relevant variables and considering the lagged effects as well as fixed effects, we quantified the exact role of different factors causing rocky land desertification in the study area with some new findings. The newfindings in this study are greatly helpful for preserving, restoring and reconstructing the degraded mountain environment in Guangxi and other karst areas in Southwest China, and also for alleviating poverty in the rural areas in the future.

  6. 广西私人银行发展策略研究%Research on Private Banking Development Strategy in Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵汝林

    2012-01-01

    近年来,发展私人银行已经成为银行战略转型的重要途径和新的利润增长点。随着广西经济的高速增长以及居民财富的快速积累,广西私人银行的发展也开始进入一个新的阶段,对实现广西银行业可持续发展具有重要意义。由此,本文通过构建SWOT分析模型,多角度分析广西发展私人银行的市场状况与优劣条件,并在借鉴国内外发展私人银行主要经验的基础上,进一步提出广西私人银行发展路径。%In recent years, the development of private banking has become an important way to bank strategic transformation and a new profit growth point. With the Guangxi' s rapid economic growth, and the rapid accumulation of household wealth, the development of private banking in Guangxi begins to enter a new stage, which is of great significance for the sustainable development of the Guangxi banking. Thus, by building a SWOT analysis model, this arti- cle analyzes the market conditions and the pros and cons of conditions of private banking in Guangxi from multiple perspectives, and proposes the development path for private banking in Guangxi on the basis of the main experience of the private banking development at home and abroad.

  7. Equity in health financing of Guangxi after China's universal health coverage: evidence based on health expenditure comparison in rural Guangxi Zhuang autonomous region from 2009 to 2013.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qin, Xianjing; Luo, Hongye; Feng, Jun; Li, Yanning; Wei, Bo; Feng, Qiming

    2017-09-29

    Healthcare financing should be equitable. Fairness in financial contribution and protection against financial risk is based on the notion that every household should pay a fair share. Health policy makers have long been concerned with protecting people from the possibility that ill health will lead to catastrophic financial payments and subsequent impoverishment. A number of studies on health care financing equity have been conducted in some provinces of China, but in Guangxi, we found such observation is not enough. What is the situation in Guagnxi? A research on rural areas of Guangxi can add knowledge in this field and help improve the equity and efficiency of health financing, particularly in low-income citizens in rural countries, is a major concern in China's medical sector reform. Socio-economic characteristics and healthcare payment data were obtained from two rounds of household surveys conducted in 2009 (4634 respondents) and 2013 (3951 respondents). The contributions of funding sources were determined and a progressivity analysis of government healthcare subsidies was performed. Household consumption expenditure and total healthcare payments were calculated and incidence and intensity of catastrophic health payments were measured. Summary indices (concentration index, Kakwani index and Gini coefficient) were obtained for the sources of healthcare financing: indirect taxes, out of pocket payments, and social insurance contributions. The overall health-care financing system was regressive. In 2013, the Kakwani index was 0.0013, the vertical effect of all the three funding sources was 0.0001, and some values exceeded 100%, indicating that vertical inequity had a large influence on causing total health financing inequity. The headcount of catastrophic health payment declined sharply between 2009 and 2013, using total expenditure (from 7.3% to 1.2%) or non-food expenditure (from 26.1% to 7.5%) as the indicator of household capacity to pay. Our study

  8. Clinical characteristics and distribution of hepatitis B virus genotypes in Guangxi Zhuang population

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhong-Min Huang; Qi-Wen Huang; Ya-Qin Qin; Chun-He Huang; Hou-Ji Qin; Yiao-Nan Zhou; Xiang Xu; Chun-Lei Lu

    2005-01-01

    AIM: To investigate the distribution of HBV genotypes and their YMDD mutations in Guangxi Zhuang population, China, and to study the relationship between HBV genotypes and clinical types of HB, ALT, HBV DNA, HBe system as well as the curative effect of Lamivudine (LAM) on hepatitis B.METHODS: A total of 156 cases were randomly chosen as study subjects from 317 patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB). HBV genotypes were determined by PCR-microcosmic nucleic acid cross-ELISA. YMDD mutations were detected by microcosmic nucleic acid cross-nucleic acid quantitative determination. HBV DNA was detected by fluorescence ratio PCR analysis.LAM was given to 81 cases and its curative effect was observed by measuring ALT, HBV DNA load, HBeAg, and HBeAg/HBeAb conversion rate.RESULTS: HBV genotypes B, C, D, and non-classified genotypes were found in Guangxi Zhuang population.accounting for 25.6%, 47.4%, 58.3%, and 16.0%,respectively. Seventy-four cases were CD-, CB-, BD-mixed genotypes (47.7%). Forty-six (29.5%) cases had YMDD mutations. Genotype B was mostly found in mild and moderate CHB patients. Genotypes C, D and mixed genotype mostly occurred in severe CHB cases.Genotypes D and CD HBV-infected patients had higher ALT and HBV DNA than patients with other types of HBV infection. There was no significant difference among the genotypes in YMDD mutations, clinical types, ALT and HBV DNA level. Non-classified types geno had a significantly lower positive rate of HBeAg than other genotypes (x2= 12.841, P<0.05). There was no significant difference in ALT recovery rate, HBV DNA load, HBeAg,and HBeAg/HBeAb conversion rate, 48 wk after LAM treatment between groups of genotypes D, CD, and nonclassified type.CONCLUSION: Genotypes B, C, and D, non-classified and mixed genotype of HBV are identified in the Guangxi Zhuang population. Variations in genotypes are associated with clinical severity and serum ALT levels, but not with YMDD mutation or HBV DNA load.Therapeutic effects of LAM

  9. [Naphtha analysis of different processed products of Rhizoma Curcumae from Guangxi by GC-MS].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pan, Ying; Qin, Bao; Jiang, Hai-Yan; Bao, Chuan-Hong

    2009-03-01

    To approach the naphtha analysis of different processed products of Rhizoma Curcumae from Guangxi. The naphtha was extracted by steam distillation. The relative content of every compound was determined with area normalization method and the structures were elucidated by GC-MS technique. 33 kinds of chemical compositions were identified in the naphtha of the six samples,the main contents were Cyclohexane, 1-ethenyl-1-methyl-2,4-bis (1-methylethenyl)-, 5-Benzofuranacetic acid, 6-ethenyl-4,5,6,7-terahydro-3, 6-dimethyl-alpha. -methylene-,methyl ester, and so on. Six samples of Rhizoma Curcumae are significantly different in quality,and the naphtha's content of the sample processing with vinegar is the highest.

  10. Survey and Inquiry for English Teachers’Self-development in Freshly Certificated Universities in Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    FAN Xin-heng

    2014-01-01

    With great a quantity of upgraded colleges accounted in Guangxi Zhuang Automous Region, self-development of col-lege English teachers directly appeals to the quality of teaching, English curriculum program and academic development compe-tence. The paper preliminarily stepped in the internal and external elements on the them to carry on inquiry to the findings that these teachers are in good consciousness of language skills, specialized knowledge and personal communication, common im-provement conformed with the achievements abroad. And by interviewing the convenient sampling the inquiryshows that they have the consciousness of changing with times. The hardest challenging is deficiency of quality education channels to promote their teaching competence and academic ability. The paper is advisory for playing vital role in their self-development inquiry in a whole perspective.

  11. Primulina cardaminifolia (Gesneriaceae), a rare new species from limestone areas in Guangxi, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Wei-Bin; Liu, Yan; Kono, Yoshiko; Chang, Hsuan; Peng, Ching-I; Chung, Kuo-Fang

    2013-12-01

    Primulina cardaminifolia Yan Liu & W.B. Xu (Gesneriaceae), a distinct new species with imparipinnate leaves, is described and illustrated from a limestone valley in Guangxi Zhuangzu Autonomous Region, China. To assure its generic placement and phylogenetic affinity, phylogenetic analyses were performed using DNA sequences of nuclear ITS and chloroplast trnL-F intron spacer region. Additionally, somatic chromosome number was counted and pollen stainability was tested. Phylogenetic analyses support its placement in Primulina; however, two phylogenetically distinct ITS sequence types were detected, suggesting a probable hybrid origin. Its pollen stainability is 100% and its chromosome number, 2n = 36, is congruent with all known counts of diploid species of the genus. All available data support the recognition of the new species Primulina cardaminifolia and suggest that it could have derived from homoploid hybrid speciation. Color plates, line drawings and a distribution map are provided to aid in identification.

  12. Income Gap Between Urban and Rural Residents in Guangxi on the Impact of Agricultural Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    The gap between urban and rural incomes in Guangxi is increasing year by year in a rising tendency,which resulted in agricultural development impact cannot be ignored.Such impact on agricultural development was analyzed from three aspects:agricultural development fund,farmland and food problems and labor force flow.The following problems were found:capitals flew to non-agricultural industry,which resulted in deficiency of agricultural development fund;farmland reduced and the problem of food supply was highlighted;labor force in rural areas emigrated,the price of agricultural products rose up.Related policies were offered:to strengthen the financial support;to speed up utilization of abundant labor force;to motivate farmers’ enthusiasm in food production;to increase investment in farmers’ endowment insurance and retirement pension in rural areas.

  13. Comparisons of forecasting for hepatitis in Guangxi Province, China by using three neural networks models

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruijing Gan

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available This study compares and evaluates the prediction of hepatitis in Guangxi Province, China by using back propagation neural networks based genetic algorithm (BPNN-GA, generalized regression neural networks (GRNN, and wavelet neural networks (WNN. In order to compare the results of forecasting, the data obtained from 2004 to 2013 and 2014 were used as modeling and forecasting samples, respectively. The results show that when the small data set of hepatitis has seasonal fluctuation, the prediction result by BPNN-GA will be better than the two other methods. The WNN method is suitable for predicting the large data set of hepatitis that has seasonal fluctuation and the same for the GRNN method when the data increases steadily.

  14. Geochemistry of Upper Devonian Hydrothermal Mammilated Chert Guangxi,Southwest China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈先沛; 陈多福

    1990-01-01

    The mammilated chert(MC) studied in this paper is a kind of silica-rich concretion(SiO2 93%) occurring in the Upper Devonian argillaceous silicolites(SiO2≈88%)in Mugui,Guangxi.Impurity components in the MC are relatively low and show systematic variationhs as compared with the country rocks.Abundances of Mg,Si,Ti,Fe,Mn,U and Th are characteristically similar to those of recent and fossil hot-water sediments,Moreover,the MC is also characterized by low REE baundance,LREE>HREE,apparent negative Ce anomaly and moderate positive Eu anomaly,OXygen isotope data show that the formation temperature of the MC is about 20℃,higher than that of the host rock.The results of geochemical,geological and lithological studies suggest that the MC may have been formed through metasomatism,fillinn and crystallization beneath the sedimentary basin during the Devonian period.

  15. Evaluation on Heavy Metal Pollution of Soil in Pollution-free Agricultural Product Bases in Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Minjun; DENG; Yan; LUO

    2014-01-01

    Using data of 6 pollution-free agricultural product bases in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region,this paper analyzed content of heavy metals,including arsenic(As),mercury(Hg),lead(Pb),cadmium(Cd),and chromium(Cr) in soil.After Pb,Cd,Cr,Hg and As content in soil is determined,it evaluated the pollution of soil using single factor pollution index method and Nemerow synthetic pollution index method in combination with evaluation standard of heavy metals in soil and grading standard for soil pollution.Analysis results indicate that As,Hg,Pb,Cd,Cr content is different in pollution-free agricultural product bases,but all conform to related standards and there is no standard exceeding problem.It is concluded that the quality of soil in pollution-free agricultural product bases is excellent,not polluted and completely meet requirements of evaluation standards,and suitable for developing pollution-free agricultural products.

  16. Health and human rights concerns of drug users in detention in Guangxi Province, China.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J Elizabeth Cohen

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Although confinement in drug detoxification ("detox" and re-education through labor (RTL centers is the most common form of treatment for drug dependence in China, little has been published about the experience of drug users in such settings. We conducted an assessment of the impact of detention on drug users' access to HIV prevention and treatment services and consequent threats to fundamental human rights protections. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Chinese government HIV and anti-narcotics legislation and policy documents were reviewed, and in-depth and key informant interviews were conducted with 19 injection drug users (IDUs and 20 government and nongovernmental organization officials in Nanning and Baise, Guangxi Province. Significant contradictions were found in HIV and antinarcotics policies, exemplified by the simultaneous expansion of community-based methadone maintenance therapy and the increasing number of drug users detained in detox and RTL center facilities. IDU study participants reported, on average, having used drugs for 14 y (range 8-23 y and had been confined to detox four times (range one to eight times and to RTL centers once (range zero to three times. IDUs expressed an intense fear of being recognized by the police and being detained, regardless of current drug use. Key informants and IDUs reported that routine HIV testing, without consent and without disclosure of the result, was the standard policy of detox and RTL center facilities, and that HIV-infected detainees were not routinely provided medical or drug dependency treatment, including antiretroviral therapy. IDUs received little or no information or means of HIV prevention, but reported numerous risk behaviors for HIV transmission while detained. CONCLUSIONS: Legal and policy review, and interviews with recently detained IDUs and key informants in Guangxi Province, China, found evidence of anti-narcotics policies and practices that appear to violate human rights

  17. Tobacco Agricultural Development in Information Asymmetry——A Case Study of Baise City of Guangxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    We adopt sampling method combined with questionnaire to research tobacco agricultural development in Baise City of Guangxi Province. Survey results show that there are problems of inadequate propaganda; guidance and training effort; unreasonable rotation system; backward tobacco baking technologies; low specialized service level; constant increase of costs for means of production and labor employment; low information management level; and frequent occurrence of production accidents. Therefore, it is required to strengthen propaganda and training; enhance technical support; scientifically develop tobacco farmers’cooperative organizations; improve service quality; save labor and reduce cost; improve information management level; reduce institutional operation cost; reinforce guidance of safe production, to promote healthy and orderly development of tobacco agriculture in Guangxi and even in the whole country in the environment of information asymmetry.

  18. Description of two new species of the leafhopper subgenus Pediopsoides (Pediopsoides (Hemiptera, Cicadellidae, Macropsinae from Guangxi Province, Southern China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hu Li

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Two new species of the Macropsinae leafhopper subgenus Pediopsoides (Pediopsoides Matsumura, 1912, P. (P. damingshanensis Li, Dai & Li, sp. n. and P. (P. tishetshkini Li, Dai & Li sp. n., are described and illustrated from Guangxi Province of southern China. A key to males is provided to distinguish the species of the subgenus along with a map showing the distribution of the new species.

  19. Incidence and Interrelated Factors in Patients With Congenital Hypothyroidism as Detected by Newborn Screening in Guangxi, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xin Fan MD

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. A newborn screening program (NSP for congenital hypothyroidism (CH was carried out in Guangxi in order to understand the incidence of CH and the factors interrelated to major types of CH in this region of China. Methods. During 2009 to 2013, data from 930 612 newborns attending NSP in Guangxi were collected. Patients were classified with either permanent CH (PCH or transient CH (TCH after 2 years of progressive study. Results. A total of 1210 patients were confirmed with CH with an incidence of 1/769, including 68 PCH and 126 TCH cases with incidences of 1/6673 and 1/3385, respectively. The frequency of thyroid stimulating hormone values greater than 5 mIU/L was 7.2%, which, based on WHO guidelines, suggests that the population was mildly iodine deficient. Conclusions. The incidence of CH was high in Guangxi. Approximately two thirds of CH patients were TCH, which may be due to a deficiency in iodine within the population.

  20. Energy, Environment, Economic Life Cycle Assessment of Cassava-based Ethanol Used as Automotive Fuel in Guangxi Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HU Zhi-yuan; ZHANG Cheng; PU Geng-qiang; WANG Cheng-tao

    2005-01-01

    A life-cycle assessment (LCA) was carried out to compare the energy, environmental and economic impacts of converting cassava to fuel ethanol in Guangxi Province, China. The entire life cycle is a system that includes stages from cassava farming to ethanol fuel combustion. A computer-based model was developed to assess energy, environmental, and economic (EEE) life cycle implication of cassava-based ethanol fuel. The LCA results for fuel ethanol were compared to conventional gasoline (CG) as a base-line case. On the life-cycle bases, the use of cassava-based ethanol fuel in Guangxi may consume more energy but reduce greenhouse gas, VOC, and CO emissions. Life cycle cost results indicate that although fuel ethanol currently is not competitive compared to conventional gasoline, it has great potentials when there are subsidies and/or yields of cassava planting are improved. In terms of balancing the energy, environmental and economical, the introduction form of cassavabased ethanol fuel would be E10. The assessment results generated from this study provide an important reference for Guangxi policy makers to better understand the trade-offs among energy, environmental effects, and economics for the most effective using of regional energy resources.

  1. Plant growth-promoting nitrogen-fixing enterobacteria are in association with sugarcane plants growing in Guangxi, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Li; Li, Zhengyi; Hu, Chunjin; Zhang, Xincheng; Chang, Siping; Yang, Litao; Li, Yangrui; An, Qianli

    2012-01-01

    The current nitrogen fertilization for sugarcane production in Guangxi, the major sugarcane-producing area in China, is very high. We aim to reduce nitrogen fertilization and improve sugarcane production in Guangxi with the help of indigenous sugarcane-associated nitrogen-fixing bacteria. We initially obtained 196 fast-growing bacterial isolates associated with the main sugarcane cultivar ROC22 plants in fields using a nitrogen-deficient minimal medium and screened out 43 nitrogen-fixing isolates. Analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that 42 of the 43 nitrogen-fixing isolates were affiliated with the genera Enterobacter and Klebsiella. Most of the nitrogen-fixing enterobacteria possessed two other plant growth-promoting activities of IAA production, siderophore production and phosphate solubilization. Two Enterobacter spp. strains of NN145S and NN143E isolated from rhizosphere soil and surface-sterilized roots, respectively, of the same ROC22 plant were used to inoculate micropropagated sugarcane plantlets. Both strains increased the biomass and nitrogen content of the sugarcane seedlings grown with nitrogen fertilization equivalent to 180 kg urea ha(-1), the recommended nitrogen fertilization for ROC22 cane crops at the seedling stage. (15)N isotope dilution assays demonstrated that biological nitrogen fixation contributed to plant growth promotion. These results suggested that indigenous nitrogen-fixing enterobacteria have the potential to fix N(2) associated with sugarcane plants grown in fields in Guangxi and to improve sugarcane production.

  2. 广西西南石灰岩地区的鸟类多样性%Bird Diversity in Limestone Area of Southwestern Guangxi,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余丽江; 陆舟; 舒晓莲; 蒋爱伍; 杨岗; 余桂东; 李肇天; 周放

    2015-01-01

    广西西南石灰岩地区位于中国南部,是全球生物多样性热点地区之一.2002-2014年,对广西西南石灰岩地区的15个自然保护区、3个林区和2个水库共20个调查点进行鸟类多样性研究,结果表明:该地区共记录到21目66科414种鸟类,其中留鸟245种,夏候鸟54种,冬候鸟97种,旅鸟18种;有60种被列为国家重点保护动物,21种被列入 IUCN红色名录.弄岗穗鹛为该区特有种.繁殖鸟是桂西南石灰岩地区鸟类的主体,在地理区系上呈现出典型华南区区系成分和显著的北热带鸟类属性.本研究结果反映了该地区鸟类物种丰富、鸟类多样性高的现状,其生态系统功能和生态价值应值得继续关注,但相应的保护工作还亟需跟进.%The limestone area of southwestern Guangxi located in the south of China,which is named as biodiversity hotspot for conservation priorities.From 2002 to 2014,bird diversity researches were carried out in this biodiversity hotspot area,covering 15 nature reserves,3 forestry centres and 2 reservoirs.Total of 414 bird species were accumulated recorded,which are under 66 families and 21 orders.Among them,245 species were residents,54 species were summer migrants,97 species were winter migrants and 1 8 were passengers.Sixty species belonged to nationally protected birds,2 1 species were listed in the IUCN red list of threatened birds.One species,Stachyris nonggangensis,was endemic species to the study area.More than 50% species were breeding birds.The avifauna was characterized by South China Region with typical north tropics property.The study presented a scene of abundant bird diversity in the limestone area of southwestern Guangxi.It plays an important role in maintaining ecosystem function.Thus,more researches and more protective measures should be carried out in the limestone area.

  3. 广西1951-2010年狂犬病流行特征分析%Epidemiology of human rabies in Guangxi, China, 1951-2010

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨进业; 莫毅; 谭毅; 莫兆军; 莫建军; 周开姣

    2013-01-01

    overall incidence was high. The epidemic peak appeared around every 10 years from 1951. The epidemic focus was expended annually, from the north to the south and from the east to the west. Most of cases were found in rural areas, being caused by dog bites with category Ⅲ exposure mainly in head, face and upper limb. The average latent period was 63 days. Though provided by proper post-exposure treatment, some patients still died during or after rabies vaccination. Statistical data from surveillance site of human rabies exposure clinics showed that the morbidity was 2.75/100 000. In the year from 2006 to 2010, the positive rates of nucleic acid of rabies virus in brain tissues of the dogs with healthy appearance were 1.9%, 0.93%, 0.91%, 0.40% and 0.00%, respectively. Results suggested that prevalence of human rabies is high in Guangxi and shows a periodic epidemic situation. The factors including keeping large number of dogs, low vaccination rate in dog, high rate of virus carrying among healthy appearance dogs, high exposure rate of human to dogs, low awareness of self-protection, and the unaffordable cost of vaccination are all contributed to the epidemics. The continued expansion of natural epidemic focus, inadequate management of infection source, and inadequate implementation of comprehensive prophylaxis are the main reasons for the reemerging of human rabies in Guangxi.

  4. Reexamination of Radiolarian Biostratigraphy in Permian in Pelagic Chert Sequences at Dachongling Section, South China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    Permian radiolarian biostratigraphy was reexamined in the bedded chert section in Qinzhou area of southeast Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, South China. On the basis of the analyses of characteristic radiolarian composition, six radiolarian zones are recognized, namely, Pseudoalbaillella longtanensis Zone, Pseudoalbaillella globosa Zone, Follicucullus monacanthus Zone, Follicucullus scholasticus Zone, Follicucullus charveti Zone and Neoalbaillella ornithoformis Zone, in ascending order. Correlation of these radiolarian zones with those in Japan is presented. The Neoalbaillella ornithoformis Zone was firstly discovered in Dachongling Section, which may indicate that pelagic chert of the late Permian existed there, according to the co-occurring conodonts.

  5. Comparative Study on Phosphorus Contents of Soil in Karst Rocky Desertification Area during Eco-restoration Process in Guangxi Province%石漠化生态恢复过程中土壤磷含量的比较研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    覃勇荣; 刘旭辉; 曾忠良; 周春梅; 蓝崇钰

    2008-01-01

    [Objective] The research aimed to study change law of phosphorus content of soil in karst rocky desertification region(KRD) during eco-restoration process such as Northwest Guangxi Province.[Method] The soil samples were collected from typical KRD in Pingguo County and Yizhou City.The determining quotas of different soil samples such as soil total phosphorus content and available phosphorus content were detected,in addition the soil total phosphorus content,available phosphorus content, urease activity, catalase activity and organic matter content in different soil samples were analyzed comparatively.[Result] Aspect,vegetation type and recovery time generated obviously influences on phosphorus contents in different soil samples.The concrete influence order was listed as follow: phosphorus content in soil of south slope was higher than that in soil of north slope;phosphorus content in soil where Zenia insignis Chun was planted was higher than that in soil of closed forest and that of soil where Dendrocalamus minor Var. amoen was planted,additionally,phosphorus increased with recovery time. Urease activity could be used as a monitoring index of soil fertility because it is related to the change of phosphorus content.[Conclusion] The soil of karst rocky desertification region in Northwest Guangxi Province could be recovered gradually if excessive human disturbance was stopped.If proper natural method of recovery promoted by human was taken,the recovery would reach a better result.

  6. Zircon LA-ICP-MS U-Pb dating and Sr-Nd isotope study of the Guposhan granite complex, Guangxi, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GU Shengyan; HUA Renmin; QI Huawen

    2007-01-01

    Zircon U-Pb dating by the LA-ICP-MS method was applied to determining the ages of different units of the Guposhan granite complex, among which the East Guposhan unit is 160.8±1.6 Ma, the West Guposhan unit is 165.0±1.9 Ma, and the Lisong unit is 163.0±1.3 Ma in age. Much similarity in ages of the three units has thus proved that the whole Guposhan granite complex was formed in the same period of time. They were the products of large-scale granitic magmatism through crust-remelting in the first stage of the Middle Yanshanian in South China. However, the three units have differences both in petrology and in geochemistry. Besides the differences in major, trace and rare-earth elements, they are distinct in their Rb-Sr and Sm-Nd isotopic compositions. The East Guposhan unit and Lisong unit and its enclaves have a similar (87Sr/86Sr)i value of 0.7064 with an average of εNd(t)=-3.03, indicating that more mantle material was evolved in the magma derivation; whereas the West Guposhan unit has a higher (87Sr/86Sr)i value of 0.7173 but a lower εNd(t) value of -5.00, and is characterized by strong negative Eu anomalies and higher Rb/Sr ratios, suggesting that its source materials were composed of relatively old crust components and new mantle-derived components. In addition, an inherited zircon grain in the East Guposhan unit (GP-1) yielded a 206Pb/238U age of 806.4 Ma, which is similar to the ages of the Jiulin cordierite granite in northern Jiangxi and of the Yinqiao migmatic granite in Guangxi in the HZH granite zone. All this may provide new evidence for Late Proterozoic magmatism in the HZH granite zone.

  7. 广西名人赠书与桂林图书馆的建设%Guangxi celebrity books and Guilin Library construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾少文

    2014-01-01

    广西名人赠书是桂林图书馆补充馆藏文献信息资源的重要渠道之一,对于缓解购书经费不足,以及利用名人效应宣传桂林图书馆都具有十分重要意义。文章重点分析了桂林图书馆广西名人赠书的现状和特点,揭示广西名人赠书对桂林图书馆事业发展的重要贡献以及充分利用“广西名人效应”推动桂林图书馆的建设措施。%Guangxi celebrity books is one of the important channels for Guilin to add the library collection of literature information resources to alleviate the shortage of funds, books, and the use of celebrity advertising Guilin library has a very important meaning. This paper focuses on the analysis of characteristics of the current situation, the Guilin Library of Guangxi celebrity books of Guangxi celebrity books, revealed Guangxi celebrity with the important contribution to the Guilin library development and the construction of how to make full use of the"Guangxi celebrity effect"to promote the Guilin library.

  8. 《广西出版史料》--区域性出版史料经眼录(九)%Guangxi Province Publication Chronicles

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范军; 宋泉

    2016-01-01

    三十多年来,广西的出版史料搜集、整理、出版和研究取得了显著成就。以《广西出版史志资料》为代表的史料编辑成果,收集了从雕版印刷时期到20世纪90年代末广西的出版史料,时间跨度大、史料翔实,展现了广西出版的历史与成就,为综合性的大型区域出版史的编写与当今的出版实践提供了重要的资源。%Over the past thirty years, the colection, colation, publication and research of Guangxi publication archives has made remarkable achievements. As the iconic work of Guangxi publishing history materials, Guangxi Publication Archives colected the publishing historical data of Guangxi from the age of block printing til 1990s, with long time span and rich history materials. The Archives revealed the history and achievement of the publishing industry in Guangxi, and offered important resources for both the composing of comprehensive regional publishing history and the current publication practice.

  9. Assessment on the Vulnerability of Mangrove Ecosystems in the Guangxi Coastal Zone under Sea Level Rise

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, S.; Ge, Z.; Zhang, L.

    2013-12-01

    Sea level rise caused by global climate change will have significant impacts on coastal zone. The mangrove ecosystems occur at the intertidal zone in tropical and subtropical coasts and are particularly sensitive to sea level rise. To study the responses of mangrove ecosystems to sea level rise, assess the impacts of sea level rise on mangrove ecosystem and formulate the feasible and practical mitigation strategies are the important prerequisites for securing the coastal ecosystems. In this research, taking the mangrove ecosystems in the coastal zone of Guangxi province, China as a case study, the potential impacts of sea level rise on the mangrove ecosystems were analyzed by adopting the SPRC (Source-Pathway- Receptor- Consequence) model. An index system for vulnerability assessment on coastal mangrove ecosystems under sea level rise was worked out, in which rate of sea level rise, subsidence/uplift rate, habitat elevation, daily inundation duration, intertidal slope and sedimentation rate were selected as the key indicators according to the IPCC definition of vulnerability, i.e. the aspects of exposure, sensitivity and adaptation. A quantitatively spatial assessment method based on the GIS platform was established by quantifying each indicator, calculating the vulnerability index and grading the vulnerability. The vulnerability assessment based on the sea-level rise rates of the present trend and IPCC A1F1 scenario were performed for three sets of projections of short-term (2030s), mid-term (2050s) and long-term (2100s). The results showed at the present trend of sea level rise rate of 0.27 cm/a, the mangrove ecosystems in the coastal zone of Guangxi was within the EVI score of 0 in the projections of 2030s, 2050s and 2100s, respectively. As the sedimentation and land uplift could offset the rate of sea level rise and the impact of sea level rise on habitats/species of mangrove ecosystems was negligible. While at the A1F1 scenario with a sea level rise rate of 0

  10. Analysis on construction of the Supply Chain and Brand of Guangxi Characteristic Economic Agricultural Products——A Case Study of Guilin,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Firstly,it is briefly introduced that Guangxi characteristic economic agricultural products are currently characterized by typical regional features and strong competitiveness.Then,Guilin is taken as an example,the problems existing in constructing the supply chain and brand of Guilin characteristic economic agricultural products are pointed out after the analysis of its current situations,the problems include weak agricultural production infrastructure,weak deep products processing capacity,low modernization level of storage and transportation as well as short of fixed marketing channels;meanwhile,brand construction faces the problems of little top brands and few differentiated products.Finally,some measures are proposed to solve these problems from the perspectives of establishing the management idea of agricultural products supply chain and enhancing the awareness to protect agricultural products brand,it is also suggested that these measures be extended to the whole Guangxi autonomous region in order to explore the way of the development of Guangxi characteristic agriculture.

  11. 广西翼手目动物布氏球果蝠新记录%A New Record of Sphaerias blanfordi of Chiroptera in Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程志营; 卢贞燕; 梁显堂

    2011-01-01

    One male specimen of Sphaerias blanfordi was collected in Guangxi Jinzhongshan National Natural Reserve in November 2010. It is a new record of Chiroptera in Guangxi,and the specimen was deposited in Museum of Guangxi Jinzhongshan National Natural Reserve.%2010年11月,在广西金钟山黑颈长尾雉国家级自然保护区采获1号雄性布氏球果蝠标本,为广西翼手目动物的新记录.标本保存于广西金钟山黑颈长尾雉国家级自然保护区管理局标本室.

  12. SWOT Analysis and Implications of the Development of Rural Tourism in Guangxi%广西乡村旅游发展的SWOT分析与启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范恒君

    2012-01-01

    基于SWOT分析法,对广西旅游资源的发展进行系统的分析,指出其发展过程中存在的优势、劣势、机遇和挑战,并在此基础上尝试提出具体的发展路径和对策,以更好地促进广西乡村旅游的发展.%Based on SWOT analysis method, the development of rural tourism in Guangxi was analyzed systematically, and this paper firstly specified the strengths, weakness, opportunities and threats Guangxi facing now, based on this, then, came up with some specific development routes and measures to boost the development of Guangxi rural tourism.

  13. Heavy metal concentrations in soils and plant accumulation in a restored manganese mineland in Guangxi, South China

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Li, M.S. [School of Environment and Resources, Guangxi Normal University, 15 Yucai Road, Guilin 541004 (China)]. E-mail: msli@mailbox.gxnu.edu.cn; Luo, Y.P. [Department of Resources and Environmental Engineering, Guilin University of Technology, Guilin 541004 (China); Su, Z.Y. [College of Forestry, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642 (China)

    2007-05-15

    Heavy metal contamination of metal-mined soils is a widespread problem in China. In the restored (over 20 years) Lipu manganese mineland, 36 plant species from 22 families were found colonizing, some of which were planted agronomic ones. Heavy metal concentrations in tailings were very high. Minesoils were basically unpolluted, but soils in the remaining mining area and in the vicinity of tailings dumps were polluted by Cd and Mn. Measurements of metal contents in dominant plants showed they were close to those of other mineland plants. Plants tended to have a higher Cd accumulation (as reflected by Biological Accumulation Coefficient) from soil, but have a higher Mn translocation (as indicated by Biological Transfer Coefficient) to aboveground parts. The Chinese chestnut and sugarcane cultivated on the reclaimed mineland were not safe for human consumption, and this agricultural restoration pattern should be carefully reconsidered. - Soils of a restored manganese mineland are basically unpolluted, but direct cultivation of edible agronomic crops may be a health risk for humans.

  14. South-South, Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ovutor Owhoeli

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A total of 213 faecal samples were collected from four abattoirs and households to determine the prevalence of helminthes infections in exotic and indigenous goats in Port Harcourt, South-South, Nigeria. The study revealed that out of 153 exotic goats (Red Sokoto Capra hircus, 112 were infected with various species of gastrointestinal helminths; out of 60 indigenous goats (West African dwarf Capra hircus, 49 were also infected with various types of gastrointestinal helminths. The formol-ether concentration method was used to analyse the specimens. The study revealed that an overall prevalence of (75.5% was recorded, out of which 57 (76.0%, 55 (70.5%, and 49 (81.6% were recorded for exotic goat in the months of May–September, 2010, exotic goat in the months October 2010–February, 2011 and for indigenous goats, respectively. The overall prevalence amongst the infected animals was not statistically significant (P>0.05. Species of helminthes revealed from the study were, Haemonchus, Strongyloides, Chabertia, Trichuris, Ostertagia, Bunostomum, Trichostrongyloida, Ascaris, Tenia, Avitelina, Fasciola, Eurytrema, Gastrothylax, Schistosoma, and Dicrocoelium.

  15. Paleoenvironmental changes recorded on UPPer Carboniferous reef in Guangxi,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GONG EnPu; CHEN Xiaohong; ZHANG Yongli; GUAN Changqing; CHANG Honglun; HONG Guang

    2014-01-01

    Based on detailed measurement in the field and a comPrehensive analysis of carbonate microfacies, the Pennsylvanian reefal microfacies characteristic and sedimentary environment from Longjiangdong,Guangxi, China are analyzed. The twelve carbonate microfacies have been recognized including micritic/microsParitic limestone,Peloidal/aggregate-grain grainstone,bioclastic wackestone/Packstone,laminated mudstone,bounds-tone,bioclastic wackestone/Packstone with single shell,coral framestone/bafflestone,bioclastic Packstones/grainstones with abundant benthic foraminifera or crinoids,wackestone/mudstone with calcisPheres,bioclastic Packstone/grainstone,unname reef-building organism framestone and brachioPod grainstone. In addition,four facies have been identified including oPen Platform facies,restricted Platform facies,coral reefal facies and shoal facies. According to analysis of microfacies combination and facies evolution,three stages and three reef units during the reef formation Process have been noted. The evolution of each stage indicates a rePeating fluctu-ation of the sea-level,but the water energy is still relatively low overall,which rePresents frequent changes of Paleoclimate in the early Late Carboniferous.

  16. Organic geochemical characterization and depositional paleoenvironments of the Devonian strata in Guizhong region,Guangxi,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Devonian strata in the Guizhong region,Guangxi,China consist mainly of marine deposition carbonates(limestones and dolomites) as well as restricted clastic rocks. The strata thickness is measured as 2041m and classified into 14 formations. An integrated field geological,petrographic,sedimentological,palaeobiological,and geochemical study of these strata reveals that the depositional paleoenvironments were carbonate tidal flat,restricted platform,open platform,shelf,platform margin slop,and algal herm. The total organic carbon(TOC) of sedimentary organic matter ranges between 0.07% and 1.96% with average of 0.21%. The organic matter types are Type ? and Type II1. The vitrinite reflectance(R0) of kerogen ranges between 0.99% and 2.03%,indicating the maturated and highly maturated stages. The analytical results of the representative samples collected from shelf and subtidal facies show that the differences of organic matter type and biological diagnostic compounds are related to the types of source rocks deposited in different paleoenvironments.

  17. [Genetic diversity of rhizobia isolated from common legumes in the Karst area. Northwest Guangxi].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Lu; He, Xun-yang; Xie, Qiang; Wang, Ke-lin

    2015-12-01

    Legumes, with a strong resistance to the adverse environmental conditions, are pioneer plants in degraded habitats, and play an important role in ecosystem restoration. In this study, the nodulation characteristics of 24 legumes were surveyed in the Karst area of Northwest Guangxi. A total of 39 nodule samples were collected from 15 legumes, the DNA was extracted and the 16S rDNA and nifH gene were amplified. A phylogenetic tree was then constructed to analyze the genetic diversity of rhizobia. The results showed that 15 legumes were nodulated, of which 14 belonged to the Papilionoideae, one to the Mimosaceae, and none to the Caesalpinoideae. No nodules were found on some legumes that were reported as nodulated, which might result from soil water stress in Karst. BLAST result and phylogenetic analyse indicated that most of the legumes were associated with rhizobia that belonged to the genus Bradyrhizobium, with the exception of two samples from Callerya nitida that were associated with the genus Mesorhizobium. In the phylogenetic tree, the sequences obtained from the same plot or the sequences from the same host species clustered together in most cases. This finding suggested that host selection and the ecological environment are the major factors that influence the genotype of rhizobia.

  18. Study on Issues Concerning Regional Intergovernmental Cooperative Governance in Guangxi Beibu Gulf Economic Zone

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Guangxi Beibu Gulf Economic Zone has taken the initiative to explore how to promote public administration of interregional local governments and achieved some success in recent years. However, there are still many problems as follows: the cooperation never goes deep;the cooperative governance is devoid of necessary system guarantee and information exchange and share platform. We analyse the status quo of cooperation in regional intergovernmental public administration as follows: it integrates the hierarchy power of government; it sponsors the forum for strengthening public administration and deepening cooperation in Beibu Gulf Economic Zone; it accelerates regional transportation system building; it sets up public administration institution; it quickens the pace of innovation of management and system in Beibu Gulf Economic Zone. Finally we put forward the path to construction of regional government cooperative governance so as to promote sustainable regional development as follows: construct the composite regional administrative cooperative governance model; construct the regional administrative network organization governance model; construct regional administrative special-project-based intergovernmental cooperative governance model; construct long-term flexible regional administrative cooperative mechanism.

  19. A New Species ofOdorrana Inhabiting Complete Darkness in a Karst Cave in Guangxi, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yunming MO; Weicai CHEN; Huaying WU; Wei ZHANG; Shichu ZHOU

    2015-01-01

    A new species of the genusOdorrana is described from a completely dark karst cave of northeastern Guangxi, southern China. The new species,Odorranalipuensissp. nov., can be distinguished from its congeners by a combination of the following characters: medium size (SVL: 40.7–47.7 mm in males, 51.1–55.4 mm in females);tips of all but ifrst ifnger expanded with circummarginal grooves; smooth, grass-green dorsum with irregular brown mottling; pineal body invisible; throat to upper abdomen with gray mottling; dorsal surfaces of limbs with brown bands; dorsolateral fold absent; tiny spinules on lateral body, temporal region, and anterior and posterior edge of tympanum;white nuptial pad present on ifnger I; males lacking vocal sacs; females having creamy yellow eggs, without black poles. Uncorrected sequence divergences betweenO.lipuensissp. nov. and all homologous 16S rRNA sequences ofOdorrana available on GenBank is equal to or greater than 4.9%. Currently, the new species is only known from the type locality.

  20. Quantifying Poverty Temporal Changes in Association with Rural Transition in Guangxi, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heyuan You

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Poverty is a social problem in developing countries, especially for the rural places experiencing rapid transition. This study characterizes the temporal changes of rural poverty under rural transition during 1991–2010 in Guangxi. In particular, poverty is measured by the Foster-Greer-Thorbecke method, and rural transition is described from three aspects including rural industrialization, regional urbanization, and agriculture commercialization. Relationships are quantified by multivariate linear regression. Results reveal that industry income proportion (IIP and secondary industry proportion (SIP are positive contributors to the poverty incidence, while urban-rural income gap (URIG is a negative contributor to the poverty incidence. Industrial total output of township and village enterprises (ITOE, IIP, and grain commercialization rate (GCR present positive correlation with the poverty depth. The URIG has a negative correlation with the poverty depth. Tertiary industry proportion (TIP and expenditure on fixed productive assets per capita (EFPA are positively correlated with the poverty severity, while URIG and power of agricultural machinery (PAM associate with poverty severity negatively. Redundancy analysis shows that individual influence of rural industrialization is higher than that of regional urbanization and agriculture commercialization. The joint influences of rural industrialization, regional urbanization, and agriculture commercialization are the strongest.

  1. Fertilization and Run-off Loss of Nutrient of Major Economic Crops in Sloping Farmland of Guangxi Province, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    HE Tie-guang

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available To seek the optimum fenilizion for improving economic efficiency of Guangxi crops,reducing costs of production and reducing en-vironmental pollution,the effects of different fertilizer on growth, yield and nutrient runoff losses of major economic crops (sugarcane, maizeand peanutwere studied in sloping farmland of Guangxi Province. Run-off loss of nutrient was determined in precipitation process in slopingfarmland, cultivation methods of low cost and high efficiency were sought by using SPSS statistical analysis software. The results showed thatthere was not significant difference on growth of sugarcane (maize, peanut between control and conventional fertilization. The economic out-put, biomass production, starch of maize in control were 851.42 kg·667 m-2 3 640.40 kg·667 m-2 68.40% respectively, which were higher100.62 kg·667 m -2 485.98 kg·667 m -2, 7.5% than those of maize in conventional fertilization. The fat of peanut ( contrast was higher 45 g·kg-1 than those of conventional fertilization. The runoff loss of total nitrogen, total phosphorus, total potassium, nitrate and ammonium nitro-gen was all the highest in peanut conventional fertilization, higher in sugar cane contrast, the least in maize contrast; Correlation coefficientsbetween runoff and total nitrogen, total phosphorus, total potassium, nitrate and ammonium nitrogen, for the conventional fertilization werehigher than that for the contrast of three crops. Total nutrient runoff losses of the maize contrast was the least, and nutrient runoff rate of thepeanut conventional fertilization was the largest. So maize was suitable for planting than peanut in sloping land of Guangxi Province.

  2. Study on Pickled Sour Plants in Guangxi%广西酸食植物的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陶玉华; 曹书阁; 隆卫革

    2016-01-01

    Pickled sour food is a common catering culture in Guangxi.Various edible fruits and vegetables can be taken as raw materials for making pickled sour food.Plant resources of pickled sour food are studied in Guangxi through field investigation, key informant interviews, specimen identification and literature analysis.The results show that there are 72 species of main plants, belonging to 29 families and 55 genera in Guangxi.The edible value and efficacy of pickled sour plants,the geographical and climatic factors of pickled sour food and the problems of nitrite production in pickled sour food are analyzed in this study.The development prospects of pickled sour food industry are discussed,which has provided the reference for the development and utilization of pickled sour food.%酸食指腌制的酸的食物,食酸食是广西人普遍的一种饮食文化,各种蔬菜水果均可成为腌制酸食的原料。本研究通过实地调查、关键人物访谈、标本鉴定和文献研究,共记录了腌制酸食的主要植物72种,隶属于29科55属。对酸食植物的食用价值与功效、酸食形成的地理和气候因素、酸食中产生的亚硝酸盐问题等进行了分析,探讨了酸食产业发展中出现的问题并提出建议,为酸食植物的开发利用提供参考。

  3. A NEW SPECIES OF THE GENUS CULICOIDES (JILINOCOIDES)(DIPTERA: CERATOPOGONIDAE) FROM THE GUANGXI ZHUANG AUTON. REG., CHINA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIUGuo-ping; HAOBao-shan

    2003-01-01

    A new species of Culicoides ( Jilinocoides ), C. ( J. ) guangxiensis sp. nov. from Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China is described. The new species is closely allied to Culicoides qianweiensis Yu 1982,but is distinctly different in the presentation of the sensilla coeloconica, sensory pit of the palpus third segment,number of mandible teeth, pale spot on basal portion of wing and r-m pale spot on wing of female. The type spec-imen is deposited in the Institute of Military Medical Sciences, Shenyang Military District, Shenyang 110034,China.

  4. Analysis of TLR4 and TLR2 polymorphisms in inflammatory bowel disease in a Guangxi Zhuang population

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lan Chen; Mei-Jiao Lin; Ling-Ling Zhan; Xiao-Ping Lv

    2012-01-01

    AIM:To study the polymorphisms of toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) gene Asp299Gly,Thr399Ile and TLR2 gene Arg753Gln,Arg677Trp and susceptibility to inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in the Zhuang population from Guangxi,China.METHODS:A case-control study was performed from February 2007 to October 2011 which included 146 Zhuang patients with IBD in the experimental group and 164 healthy Zhuang subjects who acted as the control group.All patients and healthy subjects were from the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region of China.Genomic DNA was extracted from intestinal tissue by the phenol chloroform method.TLR4 gene Asp299Gly,Thr399Ile and TLR2 gene Arg753Gln,Arg677Trp were amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR),and then detected by PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP).RESULTS:The TLR4 gene Asp299Gly was digested using Nco I restriction enzyme,and a single band of 249 bp was observed which showed that it was a wild type (AA).The TLR4 gene Thr399Ile was digested using Hinf Ⅰ restriction enzyme and only the wild type (CC) was detected.In addition,the TLR2 gene Arg677Trp was digested using Aci Ⅰ restriction enzyme and only the wild type (CC) was detected.The TLR2 gene Arg753Gln was digested using Pst Ⅰ restriction enzyme.Only the wild type (GG) as a single band of 254 bp was observed during RFLP.Overall,no heterozygous or homozygous single nucleotide polymorphism mutations were found in patients with Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis both in the TLR4 geneAsp299Gly,Thr399Ile and the TLR2 gene Arg677Trp,Arg753Gln in the Zhuang population from the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region of China.CONCLUSION:The TLR4 gene Asp299Gly,Thr399Ile and TLR2 gene Arg753Gln,Arg677Trp polymorphisms may not be associated with IBD in the Zhuang population from the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region of China.

  5. Le développement touristique de deux sites chinois « incontournables » : Beihai et Guilin (Guangxi The tourist development of two « paramount » Chinese sites: Beihai and Guilin (Guangxi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benjamin Taunay

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Le tourisme national dans la région autonome du Guangxi est fortement polarisé par la ville de Guilin, connue dans toute la Chine à cause de son site et de l’expression littéraire : « Le plus beau paysage est à Guilin ». L’analyse de la mise en tourisme de cette ville, ainsi que celle de Beihai - qualifiée de « plus belle plage sous le ciel » - montre des lieux aux structures et aux dynamiques spatiales singulières. L’analyse essaye également de souligner la croissance d’un tourisme de plus en plus individuel dans cette région.Domestic tourism in the Guangxi Autonomous Region stems mainly from the city of Guilin, known all over China because of its setting and because of the literary expression «the most beautiful landscape is in Guilin». The analysis of the tourist development of this city, as well as the city of Beihai – labelled  «most beautiful beach under the sky» – shows places with unique structures and spatial dynamics. The analysis also tries to underscore the growth of an increasingly individual type of tourism in the region.

  6. China-ASEAN Free Trade Area and Guangxi's Development in its Tertiary Industry%中国-东盟自由贸易区与广西第三产业的发展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘佳

    2005-01-01

    Guangxi enjoys a series of favorable conditions, which are embodied by the advantages of geographical location, its economic development and more space for market. With the implementation of China - ASEAN free trade area, those relatively advantageous conditions will be further turned into reality and will play the role of a promoter to Guangxi's flow of goods,employment, competitiveness in its strong industries and the enlargement of international cooperation. The paper also proposes measures to cope with the unreasonable factors that hinder the development of Guangxi's tertiary industry.

  7. [Preliminary research on the feature of dissolved inorganic carbon in Wulixia Reservoir in summer, Guangxi, China].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Wen; Pu, Jun-Bing; Yu, Shi; Zhang, Cheng; Au, Yik-Yu; Yuan, Dao-Xian; Yang, Hui; Tang, Wei

    2014-08-01

    To gain more knowledge on the transformation process of dissolved inorganic carbon in a karst reservoir, in situ monitoring, sampling and lab experiments of water columns were carried out at various sampling sites along the flow line in Wulixia Reservoir, Guangxi, China during early July, 2013. Results showed that: (1) The hydrochemical characteristics of study areas were controlled by the carbonate equilibrium system and the hydrochemical type of all water samples was HCO3-Ca + Mg. (2) The DIC concentration decreased gradually (DIC(Average) : from 1.03 to 0.78 mmol x L(-1)) and the delta13C(DIC) increased gradually (delta13C(DIC(Average) : from -10.21per thousand to -6.62 per thousand) from the reservoir end area to dam area. Meanwhile, with the depth increase in water column, the DIC concentration increased gradually (DIC(Average) : from 0.86 to 1.05 mmol x L(-1)) and the delta13C(DIC) decreased gradually (delta13C(DIC(Average) : from -7.88 per thousand to -13.39 per thousand) from the surface to the bottom of the reservoir. Possible reasons for these research results were found as follows: (1) Dissolution-precipitation process of carbonate substance could be inhibited by other processes such as biogeochemical processes, which played little role in delta13C(DIC) variations. (2) Thermal stratification existed in the study areas which could influence the distribution of DIC and delta13C(DIC) by affecting the distribution of plankton and its orientation and strength of metabolism process, and the extent of organic matter decomposition, and so on.

  8. An outbreak of hepatitis A associated with a contaminated well in a middle school, Guangxi, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luo Hui-min

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: In May 2012, an outbreak of viral hepatitis A was reported to the Guangxi Center for Disease Control and Prevention from a middle school in Liujiang County. An investigation was conducted to identify the cause and mode of transmission and to recommend control and prevention measures.Methods: A case was defined as any person from the middle school with onset of fatigue, anorexia, abdominal pain, diarrhoea or jaundice from 20 February to 20 May 2012. We compared attack rates (AR between boys and girls, assuming that only boys used well water and girls used pipeline water. We then selected 133 students from three classes in each of the three grades to compare AR by reported water source and drinking history.Results: There were 22 cases, an AR of 3.8% (21/553 for students and 1.5% for teachers (1/65. Those who used well water were 8.7 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 2.1–37.2 times more likely to be ill than those using pipeline water. The cohort study showed that students who reported using well water daily were 5.2 (95% CI = 0.7–41.8 times more likely to be ill than those that reported using the pipeline water daily. Eighteen cases were confirmed as hepatitis A.Conclusion: This hepatitis A outbreak was potentially caused by a contaminated school well. We recommended that the school discontinue using the well and that the students should drink boiled water. As there is a vaccine for hepatitis A, we recommended that several doses of the vaccine be stored for controlling outbreaks and for immunizing susceptible populations in future outbreaks.

  9. 广西大石围天坑群风景旅游区爬行动物的调查研究%Investigation and Study on the Reptiles in Dashiwei Karst Doline and Cave Cluster Scenic Spot in Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾小飚; 苏仕林

    2012-01-01

    In order to probe the status of the reptile resources and promote wildlife conservation, the reptile resources in Dashiwei karst doline and cave cluster scenic spot in Guangxi were investigated by means of combining methods of line investigation, quadrat investigation and interview investigation from July 2008 to 2011. The results showed that the species diversity of reptile resources in Dashiwei karst doline and cave cluster scenic spot was rich. There were 42 reptiles species belonging to 32 genera, 12 families, 2 orders, accounting for 25.5% of the total 165 reptile species recorded in Guangxi; and that of the 42 species, 38 belong to the Oriental realm and 4 belong to the widespread ones, with no species to the Palaearctic realm. The fauna was mainly composed of species distributed both Central-China and South-China district. The species with quantity dominance are Gekko chinensis,Eumeces chinensis,Sphenomorphus indicus, Takydromus sexlinearus, Xenochrophis piscator, Sinonatrix aequifasciata. According to the results of the surveys,the status of reptile resources was discussed and some protective suggestions are provided.%为掌握广西大石围天坑群风景旅游区爬行动物资源现状,加强野生动物资源保护.2008年7月-2011年7月,采用样线调查、样方调查与访问调查相结合的方法对该景区的爬行动物进行了调查研究.结果表明:该景区爬行动物物种多样性较为丰富,现已记录爬行动物42种,隶属2目、12科、32属,占广西现已记录的165种爬行动物的25.5%.其中,东洋界种类有38种,广布种4种,无古北界物种分布.区系组成上明显地以东洋界物种特别是华中区和华南区共有种为主.数量优势种有中国壁虎、中国石龙子、铜蜓蜥、南草蜥、渔游蛇、环纹华游蛇6种.最后对风景区爬行动物资源现状进行了分析,并提出了5条保护建议.

  10. Integrated Management of Major Citrus Pests and Diseases in Guangxi%广西柑橘主要病虫害及其防治措施

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    廖贤军; 冷付春; 陈国平; 牛英; 刘冰浩; 娄兵海

    2012-01-01

    介绍了广西柑橘主要病虫害种类,分析了危害状况,提出了防治措施。%In order to provide guidance forcitrus production, this paper introduced the serious situation and the control tactics for the major pests and diseases of citrus orchard in Guangxi.

  11. 50,000-ton Anode Copper Project of Rongda Copper Co.,Ltd in Baise of Guangxi Has Been Put Into Operation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    <正>Rongda Copper Co.,Ltd in Baise of Guangxi, which was restructured in May 2006,has achieved an annual capacity of 20,000 tons of blister copper,and 60,000 tons of sulfur acid. Recently,the company’s 50,000-ton anode

  12. Employment Effect of the Resource-abundant Industrial Cluster in Southwestern Region of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region of China——A Case of Chongzuo City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Taking Chongzuo City of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region as an example, the employment effect of the resource-abundant industrial cluster in southwestern Guangxi Province is analyzed according to the data from the Chongzuo Statistical Yearbook , Guangxi Statistical Yearbook from 2003 to 2008 and the data from the relevant sections of Chongzuo City, and the four employment effects of industrial cluster--the spatial expansion effect of employment chain, optimizing effect of employment structure, the multiplier effect of employment absorption and the effect of improving the quality of labors and the degree of the intensity of employment and location quotient of employment. Results show that the employment absorption of sugar industry in Chongzuo City is stable and upward slightly, and it shows strong employment effect; the sugar industry in Chongzuo is not only competitive, but also has a great share of market in employment, so it owns strong absorption of employment. The countermeasures for improving the employment level of resource-abundant and industrial cluster in southwest of Guangxi Province are put forward, including elongating industrial chain and widening employment space; strengthening various kinds of formal and informal training to improve the employment capability of laborers; laying stress on industrial structure and optimizing the employment structure; strengthening the construction of the industrial economic zone towards ASEAN(Association of Southeast Asian Nations), and fully displaying the regional advantages of the offshore border.

  13. Study on Point Mutations of K-ras Gene in Non-small Cell Lung Cancer in Guangxi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Weixiang ZHONG

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Background and objective Recent studies indicated that non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC patients with mutant K-ras were resistant to epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs. The aim of this study is to explore the relationship between the mutation of K-ras gene and NSCLC in Guangxi by detecting the point mutations in codon 12, 13 and 61 of K-ras gene in NSCLC. Methods The point mutations in codon 12, 13 and 61 of K-ras gene were detected by single-strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP analysis of polymerase chain reaction (PCR products and DNA sequencing analysis in 105 cases of NSCLC tissues and 30 cases of adjacent normal tissues. Results No point mutation in codon 12, 13 and 61 of K-ras gene was found in 105 cases of NSCLC tissues and 30 cases of adjacent normal tissues. In this study, the mutation frequency of K-ras gene in NSCLC was 0 (0/105. Conclusion The high proportion of K-ras gene in wild-type indicates that patients with NSCLC in Guangxi could take more benefits from the therapy with EGFR-TKIs.

  14. Study on Guangxi Circular Economy Development Mode%广西循环经济发展模式研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕旷

    2012-01-01

    文章剖析了循环经济的基本内涵,重点展示了国外循环经济模式发展的基本框架,分析了广西发展循环经济所具有的独特优势,指出了广西未来发展循环经济所应努力的方向,并提出完善制度法规保障、提升循环经济理念、构建循环经济发展体系与大力发展循环经济新科技的建议。%The basic connotation of the recycling economy was analyzed,basic framework of foreign circular economy development mode was displayed,unique superiority of development of circulation economy in guangxi was analysed,and the future direction of development of cycle economy in guangxi was points out,and to perfect guarantee of regulations and laws,to enhance the concept of circular economy and to build a circular economy development system and new technology recommendations vigorously developed the circular economy,were put forword.

  15. Study on Investing and Financing Development in Rural Area:A Case Study of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Junyong; HUANG; Bin; YAO

    2013-01-01

    "Surplus income" of farmers has been increasing steadily with the marked improvement of rural economy. However,development of rural financing market in China is rather backward. To satisfy the financing requirement of farmers and meet the demand of the construction of new countryside as well as harmonious society,development of financing market in rural area is eager to be quickened. Taking Guangxi Autonomous Region as an example,there are problems in rural investing and financing development. Firstly,farmers are in lacking of accurate understanding of investing and financing. Secondly,investors in rural area lack professional knowledge about financing generally. Thirdly,rural area has underdeveloped information degree as well as imperfect investing and financing environment. Fourthly,there are no financial products developed for rural area. Fifthly,economic development is unbalanced and relatively underdeveloped in rural area. Lastly,rural financial market has long been neglected by financial intermediaries. In order to cope with these problems,firstly,farmers should be assisted to establish accurate financial awareness and master necessary financial knowledge. Secondly,local intermediaries like securities firms and banks should be encouraged to exert impact on rural financial market. Thirdly,financial products suitable for Guangxi rural area are to be developed. Fourthly, construction and perfection of rural financial market should be quickened. Lastly,rural economic development should be quickened to enlarge capital source of financing.

  16. An Analysis on the Disparity of the Private Investment in Human Capital between Urban and Rural Residents in Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    The constant growth of human capital is the essential force of Economic growth. The deep research on private investment in urban and rural human capital in Guangxi is necessary for developing economy and narrowing urban-rural gap. Through the analysis on the historic statistics, it is found that there were disparities total quantity and investment structure of private investment in human capital of urban and rural residents. By using the ELES model, the marginal investment trend, investment demand, elastic income, own-price elasticity and mutual-price elasticity of private investment in human capital of urban and rural residents are analyzed. It is pointed out that income is the key factor that affects the private investment in human capital of urban and rural residents. In Guangxi, the private investment and marginal investment in human capital of urban and township residents are higher than that of rural residents;the own-price elasticity and mutual price elasticity of rural residents’ private investment in human capital are all higher than that of urban residents’.

  17. South Africa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brixen, Peter; Tarp, Finn

    1996-01-01

    This paper explores the macroeconomic situation and medium-term perspectives of the South African economy. Three fully quantified and internally consistent scenarios are presented. The projections demonstrate that there is room for increased public spending in real terms to help address South Afr...... macro-economic balance and avoid unsustainable public sector deficits....

  18. Paliurus Fruits from the Oligocene of South China and Their Phytogeographic Implications.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jun-Ling Dong

    Full Text Available Paliurus favonii Unger is recognized and described based on fruits from the Oligocene Ningming flora of Guangxi, South China. Characteristics of the present specimens include circular winged fruits that are 10.0-11.5 mm in diameter with a central endocarp at 3.0 to 4.0 mm in diameter. The specimens fall into the morphological range of the fossil species P. favonii, which has been observed in other Cenozoic sites in the Northern Hemisphere. The present discovery represents the lowest latitude distribution of P. favonii in the world, and we are presenting the first P. favonii fossil described with detailed cuticular characteristics from China. Further, this finding demonstrates that the genus existed in the Oligocene Ningming region, South China, and provides new information for understanding the fossil history. The dispersal mode for winged fossils demonstrates that wind dispersal is well-represented in the Oligocene Ningming flora.

  19. Paliurus Fruits from the Oligocene of South China and Their Phytogeographic Implications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dong, Jun-Ling; Sun, Bai-Nian; Ma, Fu-Jun; Wang, Qiu-Jun; Jin, Pei-Hong; Wang, Wen-Jia; Deng, Peng; Yang, Yi; Li, Xiao-Jing

    2015-01-01

    Paliurus favonii Unger is recognized and described based on fruits from the Oligocene Ningming flora of Guangxi, South China. Characteristics of the present specimens include circular winged fruits that are 10.0-11.5 mm in diameter with a central endocarp at 3.0 to 4.0 mm in diameter. The specimens fall into the morphological range of the fossil species P. favonii, which has been observed in other Cenozoic sites in the Northern Hemisphere. The present discovery represents the lowest latitude distribution of P. favonii in the world, and we are presenting the first P. favonii fossil described with detailed cuticular characteristics from China. Further, this finding demonstrates that the genus existed in the Oligocene Ningming region, South China, and provides new information for understanding the fossil history. The dispersal mode for winged fossils demonstrates that wind dispersal is well-represented in the Oligocene Ningming flora.

  20. Genesis and organic geochemical characteristics of the carbonaceous rock stratabound gold deposits, South China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡凯; 翟建平; 刘英俊; 王鹤年; 张景荣; 贾蓉芬

    2000-01-01

    The organic matter of three different chronological major carbonaceous rock gold-bearing formations of South China (Middle Proterozoic Shangqiaoshan group of northeastern Jiangxi, Lower Cambrian Shuikou group of northern Guangxi and Devonian Shetianqiao group of eastern Hunan) and related carbonaceous stratabound gold deposits such as Jinshan, Longshui and Shixia deposits, respectively, has been characterized by organic geochemical techniques. These organic geochemical results show that the average total organic carbon (TOC) content of the three chronological carbonaceous rock gold-bearing formations of South China ranges from 0.15% to 1.56%. The thermal maturity of the organic matter of host rocks in the three gold-bearing formations is high. The micro-component of the organic matter of the host rocks consists primarily of solid bitumen and graphite. The organic carbon and gold of the host rocks appear to syndeposit in situ during the formation of the gold-bearing formations. The organic carbon played

  1. The Statistical Analysis of Nonlinear Dynamic Parameters of Guangxi Laterite%广西红粘土动力非线性参数统计分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗丹鹏; 张忠利

    2016-01-01

    运用数理统计方法研究广西区内189个红粘土样品自振柱试验成果,发现广西红粘土动剪切模量比中应变范围(5×10-4~1×10-3)变易性大,阻尼比变异性无明显规律;在R软件中,运用Davidenkov模型对试验数据进行非线性拟合,对比统计数据表明拟合效果好,可作为广西红粘土动力非线性参数推荐值;同国内公开发表的粘性土动剪切模量比和阻尼比推荐值进行对比分析,表明广西红粘土具有动剪切模量比处于中等水平而阻尼比整体偏小的特征。%The paper studies the free resonance vibration column test results of 189 Guangxi laterite samples by mathematical statistic methods. The results show that the variation of dynamic shear modulus ratio of Guangxi laterite in the middle strain range ( 5í10-4~1í10-3) is great with no law in damping ratio variability; in R software, the paper fits the experimental data in nonlinear way by using the Davidenkov model, and statistical data show good fitting effect, which an be used as recommended values for the dynamic nonlinear parameter of Guangxi laterite; it was indicated that the dynamic shear modulus ratio of Guangxi laterite was at middle level and the damping ratio of Guangxi laterite was smaller by comparing with the recommended value of cohesive soils in published articles.

  2. Early paleozoic granodioritic plutons in the Shedong W-Mo ore district, Guangxi, southern China: Products of re-melting of middle Proterozoic crust due to magma underplating

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Xingzhou; Kang, Zhiqiang; Xu, Jifeng; Feng, Zuohai; Pang, Chongjin; Fang, Guicong; Wu, Jiachang; Xiong, Songquan

    2017-06-01

    The Shedong W-Mo ore district in the south-central Dayaoshan Uplift of Guangxi, southern China hosts the Baoshan and Pingtoubei deposits, both of which occur in granodioritic plutons. Zircon U-Pb dating of granodiorites and its mafic microgranular enclaves (MMEs) in the Baoshan deposit yielded ages of 439.8 ± 3.2 and 441.1 ± 2.2 Ma, respectively. Granodiorites have moderate SiO2 (54.5-63.0 wt.%) and high Al2O3 (15.4-17.8 wt.%) contents, wide variations in major element ratios, significant rare earth element fractionation, and small negative Eu anomalies. They are rich in Th, U, Zr, and Hf, and depleted in Ba, Nb, and Ti. Their initial 87Sr/86Sr, εNd(t), and εHf(t) values are in the range of 0.7086-0.7091, -5.2 to -6.6 and -6.3 to +1.6, respectively. Rounded or lenticular MMEs have relatively low silica and high mafic components, depletion in Eu, Sr, and Zr, and marked negative Eu anomalies. Rb/Sr and Nb/Ta ratios, and εNd(t) and εHf(t) values of the MMEs are higher than those of host granodiorites, indicating a different magmatic source. Zircon U-Pb dating of the unexposed granodiorite porphyry in the Pingtoubei deposit yielded an age of 440.0 ± 1.7 Ma. The granodiorite porphyries have high SiO2 and low K2O, FeOT, and MgO contents, with similar trace element features to the granodiorites at the Baoshan deposit, although the former has small negative Eu anomalies. Its initial 87Sr/86Sr values range from 0.7162 to 0.7173, εNd(t) values from -8.7 to -12.3, and εHf(t) values from -7.8 to +1.3, indicative of a crustal source. Nd and Hf two-stage model ages of the granodiorites, MMEs, and granodiorite porphyries have a narrow range between 1.3 and 2.2 Ga. We propose that the granodiorites and MMEs at the Baoshan deposit were produced through re-melting of middle Proterozoic crust as a result of underplating of mantle-derived magmas in a transitional compression-to-extension tectonic setting. Mantle-derived magmas provided the heat and material for the formation

  3. Birds in Bangliang Gibbon Nature Reserve, Guangxi, China%广西邦亮长臂猿自然保护区的鸟类

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李肇天; 周放; 杨岗; 李东; 余辰星; 许亮; 谭武靖

    2011-01-01

    Bird species were recorded in Bangliang Gibbon Nature Reserve,Guangxi in May 2006,January,May and September to October 2010. A total of 223 bird species was accumulatively recorded under 49 families and 14 orders. Of them, 146 species were residents in the nature reserve, 40 species were summer migrants, 34 species winter migrants, and 3 passage visitors. The avifauna is belongs to South China Region with a typical characteristics of north tropics. Twenty five birds were nationally protected; 5 species were listed in IUCN as globally threatened species. Bangliang Nature Reserve locates in the Sino-Vietnam Border biota which is one of the global hotspots of biodiversity. The reserve covers a typically karat area in north tropic in which harbors abundant species diversity .however,the animal resources are not studied well.%摘要:于2006年5月及2010年的1月、5月和9~ 10月,采用样线法和定点观察法,结合雾网法对邦亮自然保护区鸟类资源进行了调查。共记录到鸟类223种,隶属于14目49科,其中留鸟146种、夏候鸟40种、冬候鸟34种、旅鸟3种。区系分析表明,保护区鸟类具有典型的华南区区系特点和显著的北热带特征。保护区有国家Ⅱ级重点保护野生鸟类25种,列入IUCN( 2010)名录的5种。保护区处于中越边境生物(亚)区这一全球重要的生物多样性研究热点地区,属于典型的北热带喀斯特地貌,物种丰富但缺乏研究,具有很高的研究价值和保护意义。

  4. Guangxi-ASEAN bilateral trade soars 83.8% in January-July%2008年1-7月广西与东盟双边贸易增长83.8%

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ ASEAN has been Guangxi Province's largest trading partner for eight consecutive years since 2001.Since the panBeibu Bay Cooperation Strategy was put forward two years ago,the bilateral trade with ASEAN has grown quickly. According to statistics released by Nanning Customs,the bilateral trade volume between Guangxi and ASEAN in January -July reached US $2.55 billion, up 83.8% year on year,of which Guangxi's import accounted for US$830 million and its export accounted for US$1.72 billion,up 33.4%and 1.2 fold respectively.The trade scale between Guangxi and ASEAN ranked tenth in the country and the import and export growth ranked 4th in the country.

  5. A Feasibility Study on the Development of Guangxi Horizontal Drum as a Tourism Product and Decoration Artwork%关于广西横鼓作为旅游产品及装饰艺术品开发的可行性探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒙海滨; 李今铭

    2016-01-01

    Clay cross drum has a long history, horizontal drum culture in Guangxi is still spreading and developing, but less and less public and marginalization. Along with the development of social economy, The development of society and the change of the way of production and life make the frequency of living appliances more and more quickly, even some of the customs of our ancestors left will slowly forget even lost. Therefore, the inheritance, protection and development of culture has become urgent to some extent, the customs and culture of the nation and the people must find their own survival and development space in the integration of culture. Pottery drum to props and development from the ordinary into crafts and tourism products, and even become a symbol of a national symbol, the national culture? The gist of this paper is how to make use of Guangxi as the association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) settled in the area of the advantages of developing the characteristics of cultural industries, how to excavate the cultural connotation of Guangxi earthen horizontal drum and the prospect.%陶制横鼓具有悠久的发展历史,横鼓文化在广西目前仍在流传和发展,但是越来越少众化和边缘化。社会发展和生产生活方式的改变使得生活用具更新换代的频率越来越快,甚至老祖宗留下的一些习俗也会慢慢淡忘过和失传。因此,文化的继承、保护和发展从某种程度来说变得刻不容缓;民族、民间的风俗和文化在文化融合中必须找到自身生存和发展的空间。陶鼓如何从普通的道具开发成工艺品或者旅游产品,甚至成为一种民族符号、民族文化的象征?如何利用广西作为东盟展销会落户区的优势发展特色文化产业,如何挖掘广西陶制横鼓的文化内涵以及发展前景,是本文的要旨。

  6. South Sudan

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Abiy Chelkeba

    South Sudan; State Succession; 1929 and 1959 Nile Water Agreements; ..... bilateral nature.47 The 1959 Agreement represents the backbone of the hydro ...... minimize any negative trade-offs while maximizing the positive benefits.154.

  7. A textual study on the economic Ming and development of southwest Qing Dynasty Guangxi in%明清桂西南经济开发考论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐艳

    2012-01-01

    桂西南地处广西西南部与越南接壤,唐宋时期此区域还是荒蛮与朝廷流放犯人瘴气弥漫之地。经过明清“改土归流”政策的推行,中央加强了对此区域的管理;桂西南地区逐步得到开拓。经过明清时期的“改土归流”,随之清政府推行“摊丁入亩”,极大的促进了桂西南地区人口的增长与税收收入的增加,促进了当地经济发展。桂西南地区在明清之际,开始重视农田水利的开垦,并且引进新农具和新经济作物诸如“番薯、玉米、甘蔗、烟草”的种植,改善了当地经济发展模式,使桂西南地区经济得到开拓和发展。随着桂西南经济的发展,桂西南人口数量出现不断增长,人口持续不断增长也促进了桂西南文教的发展,进而体现在桂西南地区人才罕见的迅速崛起与发展壮大。随着桂西南地区经济不断的发展,大量高素质的人才不断的崛起,逐步改变桂西南地区荒蛮,使得此地瘴气逐渐消散。%Southwest Guangxi borders Vietnam. This area was still wild and filled with miasma,where the prisoners were exiled to by the court in Tang and Song dynasties. After the implementation of "Chieftainship Reform"in Ming and Qing Dynasties,the central authorities strengthened the management of this region and southwestern Guangxi gradually opened up. With the implementation of "Chieftain Reform"in Ming and Qing Dynasty, and the "Sharing Man Taxation Into Fields"policy was carried out by Qing government,the population growth was promoted and the tax revenue was increased greatly in the Southwestern Guangxi,Which promoted the local economic development. Southwestern Guangxi began to pay attention to the reclamation of farmland and development of water conservancy facilities in the Ming and Qing dynasty,and introduce new farm implements and economic crops species such as sweet potato,corn,sugar cane,tobacco to agriculture production

  8. [Epidemiological characteristics of typhoid fever and antibiotic susceptibility testing of Salmonella Typhi isolates in Guangxi, 1994-2013].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Mingliu; Kan, Biao; Yang, Jin; Lin, Mei; Yan, Meiying; Zeng, Jun; Quan, Yi; Liao, Hezhuang; Zhou, Lingyun; Jiang, Zhenling; Huang, Dehui

    2014-08-01

    Through analyzing the typhoid epidemics and to determine and monitor regional resistance characteristics of the shift of drug resistant profile on Salmonella (S.) Typhi, to understand the related epidemiological characteristics of typhoid fever and to provide evidence for the development of strategies, in Guangxi. Data of typhoid fever from surveillance and reporting system between 1994 to 2013 was collected and statistically analyzed epidemiologically. The susceptibility of 475 S. Typhi isolates from patients on ten antibiotics was tested by broth micro-dilution method and minimum inhibition concentration was obtained and interpreted based on the CLSI standard. From 1994 to 2013, a total of 57 928 cases of typhoid fever were reported in Guangxi province with an annual incidence of 6.29/100 000 and mortality as 0.03%. The higher incidence was observed in the population under 20 years of age. There was no significant difference on incidence between male and female, but farmers and students were among the hardest hit groups. More cases were seen from the northern part of the province. Cases appeared all year round with the peak from May to October. A total of 13 major outbreaks during 2001 to 2013 were reported and the main transmission route was water-borne. All the strains were sensitive to third generation cephalosporins cefotaxime and fluoroquinolones norfloxacin. The susceptibility rates to tetracycline, chloramphenicol, ampicillin and gentamicin was around 98% but relative lower susceptible rate to ciprofloxacin was seen as 89.89% . The lowest susceptibility was found for streptomycin and sulfamethoxazole agents, with the rates as 67.73% and 65.89% , respectively. One strain was found to have been resistant to ciprofloxacin and another 47 isolates with reduced susceptibility to ciprofloxacin. Twenty eight isolates were found to be resistant to multiple antibiotics and one displayed ampicillin, chloramphenicol, streptomycin, sulfamethoxazole tetracycline and

  9. [Study of epidemiological characteristics and viral sources of dengue fever outbreak in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, 2014].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, M M; Tan, Y; Tang, Z Z; Lin, M; Zhou, K J; He, W T; Yang, Y P; Wang, J

    2016-10-10

    Objective: To understand the epidemiological characteristics and viral sources of dengue fever outbreak in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region (Guangxi) in 2014. Methods: A combined analysis of epidemiological characteristics and genetic characteristics were performed in this study. The time, population and area distributions of the cases were analyzed. Serum samples were collected from dengue fever cases to detect NS1 antigen by using commercial ELISA kits according to the guideline of the manufacture. RT-PCR assay was conducted to detect dengue virus in NS1 positive samples. Phylogenetic tree based on E gene sequence of dengue virus were further analyzed. Results: During September-December 2014, an outbreak of dengue fever caused by dengue virus type 1 and 2 occurred in Guangxi, a total of 854 cases were reported without death, including 712 laboratory confirmed cases and 142 clinical diagnosed cases, in which 79.63% (680/854) occurred during 22 September-21 October 2014. All the cases had typical dengue fever symptoms. Most cases occurred in Nanning and Wuzhou, in which 83.61% (714/854) were in age group 15-59 years; 46.60% (398/854) were staff or people engaged in commercial service. A total 526 serum samples were tested for dengue virus serotype by RT-PCR assay. Among 414 positive samples, 345 were positive for dengue virus type 1 (DENV-1) and 69 were positive for dengue virus type 2 (DENV-2), no DENV-3 and DENV-4 were detected. The results of phylogenetic analysis of E gene sequence indicated that the sequences of 99.12%(113/114) of DENV-1 strains in Nanning in China shared 100.00% homology with the isolate (SG EHI D1/529Y13) from Singapore in 2013, which belonged to the genotype Ⅰ; All the DENV-2 isolates from Wuzhou shared 99.80% homology with the isolate (D14005) from Guangdong province, which belonged to genotype Cosmopolitan. Conclusions: The outbreak was caused by DENV-1 from Singapore and DENV-2 from Guangdong province in China. It is necessary to

  10. The Correlation of FDI Foreign Trade and Economic Growth in Ethnic Minority Areas-Based on An Empirical Analysis of Guangxi during the Years 1990 to 2013

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yang Zhen; Li Xuan

    2016-01-01

    International trade and investment have been two major topics in the field of interna-tional economics. They are also two main ways to deepen foreign economic ties. With the rapid de-velopment of the China—ASEAN free trade area and the Beibu Gulf Economic Zone, international trade and investment have had an important influ-ence on the ethnic areas of Guangxi. Guangxi is a frontier and coastal minority area, and as well as an important window opening on to the ASEAN e-conomic sphere and economic hinterland. It has great power and vitality for economic development within the ASEAN economic sphere. However, Guangxi, if compared with domestic developed are-as, is a relatively backward region within China’s economy. Its level for utilizing FDI( Foreign Direct Investment) lags behind, and its foreign trade vol-ume has definitely lagged far behind that in the more developed coastal provinces. This has severe-ly restricted the economic and social transformation of the Guangxi, and is an important obstacle for re-alizing a “well -off” society in ethnic areas. In recent years, resulting in the increasing external dependency in ethnic areas, the development of foreign investment has kept steady. This has played an important role in promoting technological progress and adjusting the industrial structure in ethnic areas. At the same time, foreign investment has also increased the speed of the ethnic minority areas’ ability to absorb advanced technology and management experience. This, in turn, has had great significance for further exploring international markets. However, the various regions in China have differences in their utilization of FDI and for-eign trade, so, effective an evaluation for exploring foreign trade and FDI has had a specific effect on the economic growth in ethnic areas, which can provide certain reference points for ethnic minority areas to formulate economic policy. Based on the relevant data of exports, imports and economic growth collected

  11. Current situations and countermeasures of oyster industry in Guangxi%广西牡蛎养殖业的现状与发展对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    庞耀珊; 谢芝勋; 谢丽基; 邓显文; 刘加波; 谢志勤; 范晴

    2012-01-01

    [Objective]This research was conducted in order to better promote the Guangxi oyster aquaculture health and sustainable development from government departments and to provide scientific and technological references for workers in relevant fields. [Method]The current situations and problems of Guangxi oyster aquaculture industry were analyzed to identify the main obstacles of the current Guangxi oyster aquaculture development and to promote suggestions and countermeasures for the healthy and sustainable development of Guangxi oyster aquaculture. [Result]At present, existing problems in Guangxi oyster aquaculture include generally unbalanced germplasm resources quality, time-to-time oyster mortalities occurrence, delayed oyster processing time, short chain in the oyster trading industry, etc. [Suggestion]In order to promote Guangxi oyster breeding efficiency, improve the sustainable development, and increase the economic benefit of oyster aquaculture, proposed countermeasures include excavating the local germplasm resources, establishing specific pathogen free (SPF) oyster seed field, reasonably planning oyster culturing, constructing safe and efficient sustainable health development of the mariculture patterns, farming and processing newly introduced technology studies, extending the oyster industrial chain, etc.%[目的]更好地促进广西牡蛎养殖业的健康可持续发展,为政府管理部门及科技工作者提供参考.[方法]对当前广西牡蛎养殖业现状和问题进行分析,找出阻碍当前广西牡蛎养殖业发展的主要原因,提出促进广西牡蛎养殖业健康可持续发展的对策与建议.[结果]目前广西牡蛎养殖业普遍存在种质资源良莠不齐、牡蛎死亡现象时有发生、牡蛎加工方式落后、牡蛎贸易链短等问题.[建议]通过挖掘本地种质资源优势,建立无特定病原体(SPF)牡蛎原种场;合理规划养殖,构建安全高效的健康可持续发展的海水养殖模式;研究

  12. 广西壳菜果遗传多样性的ISSR研究%Genetic Diversity of the Mytilaria laosensis in Guangxi Detected by ISSR Markers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭继庆; 曹福祥; 许若娴

    2012-01-01

    利用ISSR分子标记技术,对广西壳菜果4个自然种群共43个个体进行了遗传多样性研究.结果表明,广西壳菜果天然种群总体水平的遗传多样性较高,各个种群的遗传多样性水平存在差异,其中广西凭祥种群的遗传多样性水平最高,广西那坡种群的最低.通过PopGen32分析表明:有82.43%的遗传变异存在于种群内,而17.57%的遗传变异存在于种群间,遗传分化系数(Gst)为0.175 8,种群间的基因流(Nm)为2.344 7,种群间的遗传分化程度较低,基因流动足以抵制遗传漂变的影响.利用UPGMA法对4个种群进行聚类分析显示:广西凭祥、广西德保和广西靖西3个种群聚为一类,广西那坡种群单独聚为一类.%The genetic diversity of 43 individuals of Mytilaria laosensis populations in Guangxi province was studied using inter-simple sequence repeat(ISSR) markers. The results show that the general level of Mytilaria laosensis natural population genetic diversity in Guangxi is high. The genetic diversity level of four populations is different largely. The level of genetic diversity of Pingxiang population in Guangxi is the highest among the four populations , and that of Napo population in Guangxi is the lowest. The analysis of genetic differentiation shows that the 82.43% of genetic variation is in population, and the others is not in population by PopGen 32. Coefficient of genetic differentiation (Gst) among four populations is 0. 175 8 and the gene flow (Nm) among Mytilaria laosensis is 2. 344 7. It shows that the level of genetic differentiation is low and gene flow is sufficient to resist the effects of genetic drift. UPGMA cluster analysis shows that four populations can be classified two kinds, and the population of Pingxiang, Debao and Jingxi in Guangxi are divided into one kind and the population of Napo in Guangxi is divided into one kind alone.

  13. Main seagrass beds and threats to their habitats in the coastal sea of South China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HUANG Xiaoping; LIU Sheng; HUANG Liangmin; LI Yinghong; XU Zhanzhou; FONG C W; HUANG Daojian; HAN Qiuying; HUANG Hui; TAN Yehui

    2006-01-01

    The distribution, species, biomass,productivity of main seagrasses and their suffered main threats are introduced and discussed in this paper based on the field surveys in the offshore areas of Guangdong, Guangxi and Hainan provinces.The seagrass beds distributed mainly in Liusha Bay,Donghai Island and Hailing Island of Guangdong Province; Hepu and Pearl Bay of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region; Li'an Bay, Xincun Bay, Longwan Bay and Sanya Bay of Hainan Province and so on. The total area of seagrass beds in the coastal sea of South China is about 2400 ha. There are about 8 species, such as Halophila ovalis, Halodule uninervis,Halophila beccarii, Zostera japonica, Enhalus acoroides, Thalassia hemperichii, Ruppia martime and Cymodocea rotundata. These seagrasses have high biomass and productivity. However, they are subjected to some threats resulting from artificial and natural factors, especially anthropogenic causes,such as culture of shrimps and fishes, shellfish collection, fishing by means of poisons, electric power and explosives as well as trawling, artificial pollution,dredging channels, and typhoons natural disaster.

  14. A large-scale measurement of electromagnetic fields near GSM base stations in Guangxi, China for risk communication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Tongning; Shao, Qing; Yang, Lei; Qi, Dianyuan; Lin, Jun; Lin, Xiaojun; Yu, Zongying

    2013-06-01

    Radiofrequency (RF) electromagnetic field (EMF) exposure from wireless telecommunication base station antennae can lead to debates, conflicts or litigations among the adjacent residents if inappropriately managed. This paper presents a measurement campaign for the GSM band EMF exposure in the vicinity of 827 base station sites (totally 6207 measurement points) in Guangxi, China. Measurement specifications are designed for risk communication with the residents who previously complained of over-exposure. The EMF power densities with the global positioning system coordinate at each measured point were recorded. Compliance with the International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection guidelines and Chinese environmental EMF safety standards was studied. The results show that the GSM band EMF level near the base stations is very low. The measurement results and the EMF risk communication procedures positively influence public perception of the RF EMF exposure from the base stations and promote the exchange of EMF exposure-related knowledge.

  15. SPATIAL CORRELATION ANALYSIS BETWEEN KARST ROCKY DESERTIFICATION AND LITHOLOGY IN DU'AN YAO AUTONOMOUS COUNTY IN GUANGXI

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HU Baoqing; JIANG Shufang; LIAO Chimei; HUANG Qiuyan; ZHOU Dequan

    2004-01-01

    Du'an Yao Autonomous County is a typical area for the distribution of karst rocky desertification in Guangxi.The indices for the grades of rocky desertification are selected according to the scientific meaning of karst rocky desertification and after the interpretative symbol system of rocky desertification. RS images are established by the landscape characteristics of Du'an karst and its TM image. Relying on RS & GIS means and taking land use map as base map, this paper conducts synthetic analysis on the 1999a TM image (126-043) and the correlation data involving landform, soil, geological map and GPS-database and photo on the spot, and brings forth a map showing the Du'an rocky desertification grades and a digital lithology map. As can be viewed from spatial correlation, the inherent connection is also illuminated between the various levels of rocky desertification and the carbonate lithology.

  16. Risk of syphilis in STI clinic patients: a cross‐sectional study of 11 500 cases in Guangxi, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong, Susan P Y; Yin, Yue‐Ping; Gao, Xing; Wei, Wan‐Hui; Shi, Mei‐Qin; Huang, Pei‐Yong; Wang, Hong; Chen, Qiang; Liu, MuSang; Tucker, Joseph D; Chen, Xiang‐Sheng; Cohen, Myron S

    2007-01-01

    Objective To measure prevalence of syphilis among the STI clinic population in Guangxi, China, and to assess the socioeconomic and behavioural characteristics associated with the infection. Methods We undertook a cross‐sectional survey and syphilis and HIV serologic testing among 11 473 patients attending 14 community and hospital‐based dermatovenereal clinics across eight cities in Guangxi between December 2004 and February 2006. Results 1297 (11.9%) patients demonstrated positive toludine red unheated serum test and Treponema pallidum particle agglutination results with serologic testing. A total of 58% (752) of seropositive subjects presented with a genital ulcer, palmar/plantar rash or inguinal lymphadenopathy. Female sex (OR = 2.23, 95% confidence intervals (CI) = 1.69 to 3.00, p30 000 RMB yuan) were associated with serologically positive status. Syphilis infection was significantly more prevalent in city 2 (19.5%, OR = 3.07, 95% CI = 1.83 to 5.16, pinfected subjects engaged in commercial sex and increased rates of the infection was associated with multiple sexual partners (OR = 1.54, 95% CI = 1.16 to 2.06, p = 0.003). A total of 1.2% (133) of participants carried laboratory markers for HIV and 1.8% (23) of patients with syphilis were positive for HIV. Conclusions Syphilis infection has reached alarming rates in China's STI clinic population, suggesting a generalised spread of the disease through commercial sex and bridging populations. Syphilis control is deserving of China's highest priority. Universal screening for syphilis and HIV testing in STI clinics should be considered as measures for control. PMID:17591664

  17. Investigation and Analysis of Genetic Diversity of Diospyros Germplasms Using SCoT Molecular Markers in Guangxi.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Libao Deng

    Full Text Available Knowledge about genetic diversity and relationships among germplasms could be an invaluable aid in diospyros improvement strategies.This study was designed to analyze the genetic diversity and relationship of local and natural varieties in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region of China using start codon targeted polymorphism (SCoT markers. The accessions of 95 diospyros germplasms belonging to four species Diospyros kaki Thunb, D. oleifera Cheng, D. kaki var. silverstris Mak, and D. lotus Linn were collected from different eco-climatic zones in Guangxi and were analyzed using SCoT markers.Results indicated that the accessions of 95 diospyros germplasms could be distinguished using SCoT markers, and were divided into three groups at similarity coefficient of 0.608; these germplasms that belong to the same species were clustered together; of these, the degree of genetic diversity of the natural D. kaki var. silverstris Mak population was richest among the four species; the geographical distance showed that the 12 natural populations of D. kaki var. silverstris Mak were divided into two groups at similarity coefficient of 0.19. Meanwhile, in order to further verify the stable and useful of SCoT markers in diospyros germplasms, SSR markers were also used in current research to analyze the genetic diversity and relationship in the same diospyros germplasms. Once again, majority of germplasms that belong to the same species were clustered together. Thus SCoT markers were stable and especially useful for analysis of the genetic diversity and relationship in diospyros germplasms.The molecular characterization and diversity assessment of diospyros were very important for conservation of diospyros germplasm resources, meanwhile for diospyros improvement.

  18. 从广西第十七届国际标准舞锦标赛看广西普通高校拉丁舞的发展%To see the development of Latin in Guangxi colleges and universities from Guangxi XVII International Ballroom Dancing Championships

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李容林; 蒋宇凌

    2013-01-01

      文章通过对广西国际标准舞协会会长和副会长进行访谈,对广西第十七届国际标准舞锦标赛的选手、领队和艺术指导进行调查,并对广西普通高校拉丁舞课程的开展所存在的问题进行分析,为拉丁舞在广西高校发展提供理论参考。%This articles by interviews with the president and vice president of the Guangxi International Ballroom Dancing Association.To investigate the players, the team leader and artistic director of the XVII International Ballroom Dancing Championships in Guangxi,and analyze the problems that exist in the Guangxi College Latin dance courses carry,provide a theoretical reference for Latin Development in Guangxi University.

  19. Epidemiological trends and characteristics of Japanese encephalitis changed based on the vaccination program between 1960 and 2013 in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, southern China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yan Yang

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Japanese encephalitis (JE is one of the most severe kinds of viral encephalitis and is prevalent in Asia and the Western Pacific. In China, JE was first reported in the 1940s and became the main cause of viral encephalitis, including in the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. In 1951, JE was included in the Chinese mandatory disease reporting system. In the pre-vaccine era of the 1960s and 1970s, the incidence of JE continued to rise without any vaccine supply. Since JE vaccines became available in the late 1970s (MBD and 1989 (LAV-SA-14-14-2, and as JE vaccine became freely available to patients beginning in 2008, the incidence of JE has declined significantly. Despite these gains, outbreaks continue to occur among children in rural and suburban areas. Strengthening vaccine delivery models and improving swine vaccine production are important in order to sustain continuous declines in the incidence of JE in Guangxi.

  20. Preliminary Research into the Literary Writings of Guangxi in the Qing Dynasty%清代广西文学著述初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕立忠; 曹旻

    2011-01-01

    There were a great many literature writings in Guangxi in the Qing Dynasty with talented and appreciative taste. The writings are mostly poems which are in an unbalanced state in different areas in Guangxi. Because at that time those writings were spread by means of home issuing and individual copying, most of the writings were unfortunately missing with the passage of time.%清代广西的文学著述不仅数量可观,而且质量也足可称道。著述以诗歌类数量最多,地区分布极不平衡,主要依赖于家刊私刻流传于世,大部分文学著述已在历史的风尘中湮没不存。

  1. 广西合浦县禁山七星岭东汉墓葬%Eastern Han Tombs on Qixing Ridge of Jinshan Mount in Hepu County, Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    广西壮族自治区文物工作队

    2004-01-01

    These tombs are situated in the Han-tomb-protecting area within Hepu County,Guangxi. In December of 1996, in concert with a capital construction, the Guangxi Archaeological Team carried out a rescuing excavation in the cemetery and revealed 11 Han tombs. These are brick-chambered graves with a single-layer arched ceiling or a dome and a “中”,“十”-or“干”-shaped or rectangular plan,and consist of a front, a middle and a rear rooms and side ones. The funeral objects unearthed include pottery, bronze, iron and talcum articles. Among them the lotus-flower-shaped pottery vessels are unique in form and might be products of the influence of Buddhist culture from abroad. In date the tombs are of the late Eastern Han period.

  2. 新加坡城市公共交通管理对广西的启示%Revelation of Singapore Urban Public Transport Management on Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆正业

    2012-01-01

    文章从组织管理与规划管理两方面介绍了新加坡城市公共交通管理的成功经验,分析了该经验给广西城市公共交通管理所带来的启示,提出了广西城市公共交通的发展策略。%From two aspects of organizational management and planning management,t he article introduced the successful experience of urban public transport management in Singapore, analyzed the revelation of these experiences brought to urban public transport management in Guangxi, and proposed the development strategy of Guangxi urban public transport.

  3. A Brief Talk on the Therapy and Making of Vegetarian Diets in Guangxi Cuisine%浅谈桂菜素食的食疗与制作

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韦起洲

    2012-01-01

    随着人们健康意识的增强,素食也越来越受到人们的关注。桂菜的素食制作得天独厚,丰富的素食原料为素菜制作提供了广阔的空间。桂菜素食能满足现代人对健康的生活情趣的追求。%With improvement of people's health consciousness, more and more attention is paid to vegetarian diet. Vegetarian diet cooking in Guangxi cuisine is exceptionally peculiar. The abundant vegetarian resources offer a broad space for vegetarian diet making. The vegetarian diets in Guangxi cuisine can meet the life interest that the modem people are in pursuit of.

  4. Spatial and Temporal Variations of Hazes in Guangxi from 1960 to 2009%1960-2009年广西霾日时空变化特征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    廖国莲; 曾鹏; 郑凤琴; 韦玉洁

    2011-01-01

    利用1960-2009年广西80个地面观测站资料,运用EOF、线性倾向估计等统计方法,分析了近50年广西霾日数的时空变化特征.结果表明:近50年广西霾日数总体呈上升趋势,与该地区人类活动和经济发展引起的污染排放增长密切相关;空间分布呈现出主要城市及其周边地区霾日多,边远地区及沿海地区霾日少的特点;广西霾天气主要发生在秋、冬季,以轻微霾(能见度为5~10 km)为主,且霾天气发生时的相对湿度8成以上介于70%~90%;除了空气污染之外,近50年风速呈下降趋势可能也导致更多的霾天气.%With the development of Guangxi economy and accelerating urbanization, human activities have discharged various pollutants into the atmosphere, which cause increasing atmospheric haze phenomenon in recent years. The toxic and harmful substances of hazes affect human health and environment a lot, becoming a new kind of severe weather. So it is very important to analyze the spatial-temporal variation characteristics of haze, which provide scientific bases for effective forecasting and controlling haze weather. Based on the data provided by 80 surface observation stations from 1960 to 2009, the haze days in Guangxi are calculated, and the characteristics of spatial-temporal variations of haze in Guangxi and its relationship with climate elements are analyzed by using EOF, linear trend estimation and other analytical methods. The average annual haze days in Guangxi are found to rise gradually over the past 50 years, which is closely related to the human activity and the increase in emissions by economic development. The haze happens more frequently in major cities and their surrounding areas than in remote areas and coastal areas. Comparing the periods of 1960-1979 and 1980-2009, and the remote areas and coastal areas, the haze days increase by different degrees in most parts of Guangxi, especially in Wuzhou, Liuzhou and other industrial

  5. Analysis of Consumer Behavior on Guangxi Sports Lottery%广西体育彩票消费者消费行为分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄宗能; 鞠星

    2011-01-01

    通过访谈法、数理统计法、问卷调查法、文献资料法对广西体育彩票消费者的消费行为进行调查与分析,旨在全方位掌握广西体育彩票市场中消费者的特点和基本现状,为今后广西体育彩票的商业推广提供策略和依据。%By using the methods of interview,literature consultation,mathematical statistics,questionnaire survey,this paper deals with consumer behavior on Guangxi Sports Lottery,in order to grasp the full range of consumers′ characteristics and the basic status and provide business strategies and theoretic reference for promoting Guangxi sports lottery market.

  6. South Africa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brixen, Peter; Tarp, Finn

    1996-01-01

    This paper explores the macroeconomic situation and medium-term perspectives of the South African economy. Three fully quantified and internally consistent scenarios are presented. The projections demonstrate that there is room for increased public spending in real terms to help address South...... Africa's pressing social needs. Moreover, such expansion is possible without falling into a much feared debt trap, provided moderately optimistic assumptions about the future materialize. Yet, if growth and real resource inflows falter, not even considerable moderation will be sufficient to maintain...

  7. [Field resistance of Phytophthora melonis to metalaxyl in South China].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Yongguan; Lu, Shaofeng; Huang, Siliang; Fu, Gang; Chen, Liang; Xie, Dasen; Li, Qiqin; Cen, Zhenlu

    2011-08-01

    Phytophthora melonis is the casual agent of wax gourd and cucumber Phytophthora blight which becomes a constraint for sustainable production of the related crops. Metalaxyl is one of the principal fungicides for controlling the disease now. The objectives of the present study were: (1) to investigate the baseline sensitivity and field resistance of P. melonis to metalaxyl in South China; (2) to test the occurrence of metalaxyl-resistant mutants from metalaxyl-sensitive wild type strains exposed to the fungicide; and (3) to monitor the development of metalaxyl resistance in P. melonis population. Over 400 samples of wax gourd and cucumber Phytophthora blight were collected from Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region and Guangdong province during 2007-2010, and 193 strains of P. melonis were isolated and purified. The sensitivity of the isolated strains to metalaxyl was tested using mycelial growth rate method in vitro and floating-leaf-disk method in vivo, respectively. The metalaxyl-sensitive strains were induced on PDA plates containing 10 microg/mL metalaxyl. The sensitive, moderately resistant and resistant strains were recorded as 29.0% , 18.1% and 52.8%, respectively, among 193 tested strains. The frequency and level of resistance of P. melonis from Guangdong were higher than that from Guangxi. The strains from cucumber was generally more resistant to metalaxyl than those from wax gourd. The metalaxyl-resistant strains were frequently detected as predominant populations in most of the sampling sites and the highest resistance index (4226.9) was confirmed. Metalaxyl-resistant (M1r) mutants could be isolated from approximately 60% of the sensitive wild-type strains. The resistance level of the M mutants was 189-407 times higher than that of their sensitive parental strains. The EC50 values of 9 sensitive strains from a sampling site without a record of phenylamide fungicide application ranged from 0.0429 to 0.5461 microg/mL. Their mean EC50 value (0.3200 +/- 0

  8. 中国木薯种茎越冬贮藏区域划分及其安全贮藏方法%Overwintering Safe Storage Methods and Regional Division of Seed-stem of Cassava in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘斌; 吴延勇; 劳承英; 申章佑; 甘秀芹; 韦本辉; 李艳英; 胡泊; 宋勇; 袁展汽; 季志仙

    2015-01-01

    , the survival rates of buds were al higher than 90.00%. ln particular, the survival rate of buds in seed-stem of cassava that was buried shal owly in the open field was highest (94.38%). ln Nanning, the seed-stem of cassava that was stored in greenhouses had the highest survival rate (94.98%) of buds. ln Laibin, the seed-stem of cassava was usual y stacked in greenhouses. Thus the survival rates of buds were almost al higher than 89.60%. Particularly, the survival rate of buds in seed-stem of cassava that was buried horizontal y in soil and covered with sugar-cane leaves reached the peak (98.79%). ln Jiangyong and Hangzhou, the seed-stem of cassava was stored in specific facilities. So the survival rates of buds were relatively high. [Conclusion] ln the frost-free areas south of 21.6° N (south of Maom-ing (Guangdong) - Hepu (Guangxi) - Jinghong (Yunnan)), the seed-stem of cassa-va can be buried shal owly in the open air or stacked and covered with film. ln the light to heavy-frost areas (21.6° N - 23.8° N, south of Qingyuan (Guangdong) -Laibin (Guangxi) - Lincang (Yunnan)), the seed-stem of cassava can be stacked in greenhouses, stacked and covered with film in the open air or buried vertical y in greenhouses. ln the heavy-frost areas and low-temperature areas north of 23.8° N (north of Qingyuan (Guangdong) - Laibin (Guangxi) - Lincang (Yunnan) to Hunan-Jiangxi-Zhejiang), the seed-stem of cassava can be stored in coldness-resistant caves or cel ars or stacked vertical y in greenhouses along with smal sheds.

  9. On the Homeland Consciousness and Ecological Feelings of Guangxi Literature%论广西文学的家园意识与生态情怀

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋坚

    2014-01-01

    浓厚的家园意识与生态情怀是广西新时期文学的主体内容。对家乡故土的眷念,对生存家园的牵挂,使得“还乡”主题和“家园”情结成为作家重点表现的内涵。此外,在生态关怀上,广西文学作家本着对家乡山水的挚爱,自觉地投身于生态文学浪潮之中,为故园的绿色生态讴歌,对破坏生态环境的种种行径进行无情的鞭挞与揭露,表现了作家悲天悯人的情怀,展现了广西各族人民追求“天人合一”的和谐生态理想。%The strong homeland consciousness and ecological feelings are the main content of Guangxi contemporary literature .The nostalgic feeling towards the homeland makes the theme of “re-turning home” and the“home complex”the main focus of Guangxi writers .Moreover ,in the aspect of ecological concern ,because of the deep love towards homeland ,the Guangxi writers self-consciously devote themselves into eco-literature wave to eulogize the homeland’s green ecology and to criticize the environmental destruction ,w hich fully expresses these w riters’ compassion and Guangxi people’s harmonious ecological ideal of “harmony between nature and human” .

  10. Quality Differences of Laos and Guangxi Bananas%老挝与广西香蕉品质差异研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王斌; 刘志强; 方昭; 张学娟; 王金乔; 迟志广; 李宝深

    2015-01-01

    研究老挝琅勃拉邦与广西在同一施肥条件香蕉在果指特征、品质指标以及果皮、果肉中氮、磷、钾元素含量的差异,结果发现:外观性状与内在品质无显著性差异,老挝香蕉瓤皮比高于广西香蕉,且果皮色泽比广西香蕉好;老挝香蕉与广西香蕉果皮中氮、磷、钾元素含量存在显著性差异,果肉中只有氮含量存在显著性差异,果肉中磷、钾含量吾显著性差异。本研究结果为香蕉的施肥调控管理以及市场定位提供了一定的参考价值。%The differences were determined in shape feature, quality and macronutrients of peel and pulp between Laos and Guangxi bananas under the same fertilization condition. The data can provide references for banana fertilization management and marketing. The results showed that there were no significant differences in shape feature and fruit quality, but Laos banana was significantly higher than Guangxi banana in the ratio of peel and pulp, and better in peel luster. The content of macronutrients in banana peel showed significant difference, Laos banana was much higher than Guangxi banana in nitrogen and potassium, but less in phosphorus. While in banana pulp Laos banana was significantly higher than Guangxi banana in nitrogen, but no differences in potassium and phosphorus. Therefore it was feasible to plant bananas in Laos, and gave some advices on overseas banana plantation investment.

  11. 广西绿色物流的发展途径分析%Analysis on the Development of Green Logistics in Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    史芳伶

    2015-01-01

    发展绿色物流,建构和谐的商贸,这是广西社会稳定与健康发展的一个关键部分,这不但有助于保护广西的环境,实现人与自然的和谐发展,而且还可以确保当地经济的可持续发展。广西绿色物流的发展是企业应对世界经济一体化的要求,也是企业自身得以稳定与健康发展的趋势与要求,其有助于人们物质与文化生活水平的提升。%The development of green logistics,building a harmonious business,which is a key part of social stability and healthy development in Guangxi,this will not only help to protect the environment in Guangxi,to achieve the harmonious development of man and nature,but also to ensure the sustainable development of local economy.The development of Guangxi's green logistics is the requirement of the enterprise to deal with the world economic integration,and also the trend and requirement of the enterprise itself to be stable and healthy development,which is helpful to the improvement of people's material and cultural life level.

  12. 广西经典菜品工艺与营养价值分析%An Analysis of Guangxi's Classical Cooking Craft and the Nutrition Values

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱照华; 黎黍匀

    2012-01-01

    广西拥有平原、山地、海洋等地貌,出产丰富多彩的食材。广西人以丰富多彩的食材为基础,创造出富有地方民族特色的各类经典菜品。通过分析广西六大经典菜品的原料组成和钾/钠比例系数的高低来判断其营养价值大小,对其是否作为日常副食或美食提供参考建议。%Guangxi's natural landscapes of plains, mountains and seas produce rich and diversified food ingredients. Based on the rich and diversified ingredients, Guangxi natives develop a good variety of classical foods with local ethnic features. The article attempts to estimate nutrition value of the six major classical dishes in Guangxi by analyzing the composition of the raw materials and sodium-potassium ratio, providing reference for determining whether they should be daily subsidiary foodstuffs and gourmet.

  13. A Probe into Food-based Tour Project Development in Guangxi%广西美食旅游项目开发研究初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于振涛

    2012-01-01

    广西民族美食品种繁多,别具风味。在广西对外开放的新时期,基于民族美食的美食旅游项目开发,以其鲜明的民族特色、深厚的饮食文化底蕴成为广西旅游新的增长点。对广西美食旅游进行深入研究,不仅可以挖掘民族饮食文化宝藏,还能打造民族美食品牌,为进入国际市场,参与国际竞争打下基础。%Guangxi,the land of gourmet foods in China, features abundant gourmet foods with unique flavors. In Guangxi's new period of opening-up, the ethnic food-based tour project development has turned into a new growth point in Guangxi tourism industry due to its distinct ethnic features,deep catering culture background. An intensive study on the gourmet foods in Guangxi helps to excavate ethnic catering culture treasures and develop ethnic food brands as well,laying a solid foundation for its entry into international markets and international competition.

  14. Excavation of the Gantuoyan Site in Napo County, Guangxi%广西那坡县感驮岩遗址发掘简报

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    广西壮族自治区文物工作队; 那坡县博物馆

    2003-01-01

    The Gantuoyan site is the cave site nearest to the continent of Southeast Asia recorded so far in Guangxi. The prehistoric cultural deposits yielded plenty of objects and fall into two phases. Thefirst phase belongs to the late Neolithic Age and dates from about 5000BP. Its cultural relics include pottery, stone and bone artifacts. Among the prevailing pottery utensils are round-based and three-legged vessels and spindle-whorls, with bo bowls occurring frequently and jars often shaped like a cup largelywith three legs or furnished with a high neck. The vessel surface is decorated with incised design variedin form. The second phase corresponds roughly to the Shang period, dating from about 3000-2800BP.The unearthed objects include pottery articles, stone tools and bone artifacts. There prevailed ring-foot vessels and spindle whorls. The former belong to the types of jar, high-necked jar, gui-basin-shapedvessel, large-mouthed fu cauldron, outturned-rimmed fu, pot, basin and bo bowl. They are decoratedwith incised geometrical motifs, painted patterns, and incised-stamped-painted designs. Among the im portant finds are stone yue battle-axes and molds and serrated zhang tablets. The site is of great value to establishing a sequence of cultural development for prehistoric southwestern Guangxi and to researching into the relationship of the prehistoric culture in Guangxi with those in Southeast Asia.

  15. 广西珍珠品牌塑造策略研究%Research on the Brand Strategies of Guangxi Pearl

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邬镇宁

    2013-01-01

    Guangxi enjoys rich pearl resources,but provides the market only with low-end products. The study holds that the branding of Guangxi pearl should take the local history resources,geographical advan-tages and annual China-ASEAN Exposition into account,and consider the ways that help it stand out from the fierce competition. With analysis and discussion of the problems in the branding of Guangxi Pearl and the related reasons,the article points out some brand strategies on the basis of targeting consumers,product experience,advertising strategy and integrated marketing communication.%针对广西珍珠资源丰富,但是只能提供低端产品的现状,思考与强势对手在竞争中如何脱颖而出,充分考虑广西本土的历史资源、地理优势和东盟博览会等现实凭借,在对广西珍珠品牌的问题以及原因思考的基础上,围绕明确消费者、产品体验、广告策略、整合营销传播等提出了广西珍珠品牌的塑造策略。

  16. 广西与越南经贸合作研究%The Research on Economic and Trade Cooperation between Guangxi and Vietnam

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐铜生

    2009-01-01

    The cooperation between China, also Guangxi, and Vietnam is developing continuously and all sidely in recent years, which lays the root for building CAFTA and 2-Corridors-l-Circle and promoting the Pan-Beibu-Gulf cooperation. This paper introduces Vietnam's recent economic and trade at first,and analyzes the brief status of the economic and trade cooperation between China,also Guangxi,and Vietnam secondly,then puts forward some proposals about the master industries and domains of the economic and trade cooperation between Guangxi and Vietnam.%近年来中国及广西与越南不断深化全面合作,为推动中国-东盟自由贸易区的建设及泛北部湾合作和"两廊一圈"建设打下了坚实基础.随着越南和广西经贸合作的深入,广西应把重点转移到茶叶产业等八个领域上,建立广西-越南陆上跨国经济特区带,实现广西-越南双方全方位经贸合作.

  17. Saturated South

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    Heavy rain produced the worst floods in a century in some areas of China causing deaths and forcing whole communities to evacuate Millions have been forced to flee their homes in south China amid floods caused by heavy rainfall since the end of May.

  18. [South] Korea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-04-01

    The Republic of Korea occupies approximately 38,000 square miles in the southern position of a mountaineous peninsula. It shares a land boundary with North Korea. With a population of more than 40 million people, South Korea has 1 of the highest population densities in the world. The language spoken is a Uralic language, closely akin to Japanese, Hungarian, Finnish, and Mongolian, and the traditional religions are Shamanism and Buddhism. Over the course of time, South Korea has been invaded and fought over by its neighbors. The US and the Soviet Union have never been able to reach a unification agreement for North and South Korea. The 3rd Republic era, begun in 1963, saw a time of rapid industrialization and a great deal of economic growth. The 5th Republic began with a new constitution and new elections brought about the election of a president to a 7-year term of office beginning in 1981. Economic growth has been remarkable over the last 25 years despite the fact that North Korea possesses most of the mineral and hydroelectric resources and the existing heavy industrial base built by the Japanese while South Korea has the limited agricultural resources and had, initially, a large unskilled labor pool. Serious industrial growth began in South Korea in the early 1960s and the GNP grew at an annual rate of 10% during the period 1963-78. Current GNP is now, at $2000, well beyond that of its neighbors to the north. The outlook for longterm growth is good; however, the military threat posed by North Korea and the absence of foreign economic assistance has resulted in Korea spending 1/3 of its budget on defense. South Korea is active in international affairs and in the UN. Economic realities have forced Korea to give economics priority in their foreign policy. There has been an on-again, off-again quality to dialogue between the 2 nations. However, the US is committed to maintaining peace on the Korean peninsula. In order to do so, they have supplied manpower and

  19. M edicinal plant resources of Begonia in Guangxi%广西秋海棠属植物的药用资源

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董莉娜; 刘演; 许为斌; 林春蕊; 潘争红

    2015-01-01

    秋海棠属植物是著名的园艺植物,也是常见的民族药用植物。广西该属植物资源丰富,通过查阅文献、实地调查和民间访谈的方法,考证广西地区产秋海棠属药用资源共23种。这些药用植物多常绿,根状茎圆柱状、匍匐,叶基生、非盾状、不裂、无斑纹;主要分布于桂西南地区,多着生于石灰岩石壁、石缝隙和岩石上。目前,秋海棠属药用类群占广西产秋海棠属植物总数的29%,对其化学成分、活性成分分离和药理作用等领域有待深入研究。为了便于识别,本文提供了广西产秋海棠属药用类群的分种检索表。%Besides horticultural interest , Begonia is also used as ethnic drugs in minority nationalities in China . Guangxi has the second highly diversity begonias after Yunnan in China . We identify 23 species used as medicinal plant in Guangxi using literature review ,field investigation and folk interviews . These are commonly evergreen herb , rhizomes cylindrical and creeping , leaves basal , non‐peltate and without variegation . They are mainly distributed in southwestern of Guangxi and lived on cliff , gap and rocks of limestone . The medicinal plant is occupied 29 percent of the total begonias in Guangxi . However , the study of the chemical ingredients and isolation , identification and pharmacology of active ingredients in these medicinal plants are very deficiency . A key to the medical plant of Begonia in Guangxi is provided .

  20. South Korea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-04-01

    Background notes and statistics on South Korea are provided in the document. 98,500 sq. km. of diversified terrain are encompassed by the country, with a 1988 population of 43 million growing at the annual rate of 1%. The work force totals 17 million. South Korea claims a population comprised of Koreans with a small Chinese minority, 4 religious beliefs, and native Korean-speakers. 6 years of education are compulsory, with the country overall enjoying 98% literacy. The infant mortality rate is 6/1,000, while life expectancy is 67-73 years. 1990 estimated GNP was $224 billion, and was growing at the estimated rate of 9%. Per capita GNP was $5,500, while a 9% increase was reported in the consumer price index for 1990. Agriculture accounts for 9% of GNP, mining and manufacturing for 35%; 1990 international trade deficit totalled $5 billion. Additional data are provided on South Korea's people, government, economy, international affiliations, history, political conditions, principal government officials, foreign relations, and bilateral relations with the United States. South Korea has enjoyed remarkable economic growth over the past 25 years, and has grown to become a middle-ranking industrial power. Korea's bilateral trade surpluses with the United States of nearly $10 billion in 1987 and 1988 declined decisively in 1989 due to a variety of factors. Surplus remained, however, approximately $4 billion in 1990. Whether or not these declines are indicative of structural, lasting trends is not yet discernible. Long-term growth prospects remain good, Korea's ability to adapt to a more open democratic system playing an important role.

  1. [Climatic risk zoning for banana and litchi's chilling injury in South China].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Na; Huo, Zhi-guo; He, Nan; Xiao, Jing-jing; Wen, Quan-pei

    2010-05-01

    Based on the 1951-2006 climatic observation data from 224 meteorological stations in South China (Guangdong Province, Guangxi Autonomous Region, and Fujian Province) and the historical information about the chilling injury losses of banana and litchi, the accumulated harmful chilling for the processes with minimum daily temperature zoning for banana and litchi's chilling injury were drawn, and the spatial variation of climatic risk for banana and litchi's chilling injury was commented. The results indicated that in the study area, climate warming might lead to the decrease of cold resistance of banana and litchi, which could increase the disaster risk of chilling injury. The geographical distribution of climatic risk probability for banana and litchi's chilling injury showed a zonal pattern. According to the integrated climatic risk index, the banana and litchi's chilling injury region was divided into three risk types, i.e., high risk, moderate risk, and low risk, which provided an important basis for the adjustment of agricultural production structure.

  2. Rejuvenation of Fossil Sutures and Related Mesozoic Intracontinental Orogenies in South China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    The Huanan (South China) subcontinent was created by amalgamation of the Yangtze, Xianggan, Cathaysia and Zhemin microcontinents by the Guangxi orogeny in the Early Palaeozoic. The closure of the Tethyan Ocean and subsequent collision event outside the amalgamated continent reactivated fossil sutures and resulted in intracontinental (ensialic) orogenies in the Mesozoic. Based on evidence from deformation, molasse and granitoids, the Sichuan-Guizhou-Hunan-southern Hubei and Hunan-Jiangxi-Fujian Yanshanian fold-thrust systems and the Lower Yangtze-northwestern Fujian Indosinian fold-thrust system are thought to be intracontinental orogens. Their main features are as follows: intracontinental orogenies occurred areally, thrusting propagated towards the interior of the continental, they extend parallelly to the strikes of the fossil sutures, and the details of the temporal-spatial evolution of the orogens depend on subduction-collision events.

  3. Corneal endothelial cell density and morphology and central corneal thickness in Guangxi Maonan and Han adolescent students of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hao; Liang; Hui-Yi; Zuo; Jin-Mao; Chen; Jie; Cai; Yu-Zhua; Qin; Yu-Ping; Huang; Ying-Ying; Chen; Dong-Yong; Tang; Shao-Jian; Tan

    2015-01-01

    AIM: To investigate the corneal endothelial cell density and morphology and central corneal thickness in the Guangxi Maonan and Han adolescent students of China.METHODS: Noncontact specular microscope(Topcon SP3000 P, Tokyo, Japan) was performed in 133 adolescent students of Maonan nationality(M:F 54:79)and 105 adolescent students of Han nationality(M:F 50:55),5 to 20 y of age, who were randomly selected from 3schools in Huanjiang Maonan Autonomous County of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region of China.Parameters studied included endothelial cell density,mean cell area, coefficient of variation in cell size,percentage hexagonality and central corneal thickness. RESULTS: Endothelial cell density, mean cell area,coefficient of variation in cell size, percentage hexagonality and central corneal thickness in the study population were(2969.50 ±253.93) cells/mm2,(339.23 ±29.44) μm2,(29.96 ±4.07) %,(64.58 ±9.41) % and(523.71 ±32.82) μm in Maonan and(2998.26 ±262.65) cells/mm2,(336.11±30.07) μm2,(29.89±5.03) %,(64.91±11.64) % and(524.39 ±33.15) μm in Han, respectively. No significant differences were observed in endothelial cell density,mean cell area, coefficient of variation in cell size,percentage hexagonality and central corneal thickness between Maonan and Han(P =0.615, 0.659, 0.528, 0.551,0.999). In Maonan and Han, we found age was negatively correlated with endothelial cell density and percentagehexagonality and positively correlated with mean cell area and coefficient of variation in cell size. Negative correlation was also found between central corneal thickness and age in Han, whereas no correlation was found in Maonan. CONCLUSION: There were no differences between Maonan and Han in corneal endothelial cell density and morphology and central corneal thickness. In these two nationalities, there were statistically significant decrease in endothelial cell density and percentage hexagonality with increasing age and statistically significant increase in

  4. 广西西南部干旱指数分析%Analysis of Drought Index in Southwestern Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    农钢

    2012-01-01

    利用崇左市7个气象站1965-2010年每日的降水资料及雨日,计算三个干旱监测指标:综合干旱指数、降水距平百分率及累计降水距平、标准化降水指数(SPI),结果以用于综合监测某时段旱涝程度。三个干旱监测指标计算结果与灾情实况对比分析表明,综合干旱指数和降水距平百分率都能很好地反映广西西南部的干旱情况;标准化降水指数(SPI)采用的是Γ分布概率来描述降水量的变化,只计算降水为0时的概率,因而与实际有差距。如果按广西西南部的实际情况,统计降水≥1.0mm的概率,则计算出的结果与实况比较接近。%By using Chongzuo seven weather stations 1965-2010 daily precipitation data and rain days,calculation the three drought monitoring indicators: comprehensive drought index,the percentage of the precipitation anomaly and accumulated precipitation anomaly,the Standardized Precipitation Index(SPI),results for the integrated monitoring period dryness.Three drought monitoring indicators calculated results with disaster live comparative analysis shows that comprehensive drought index and the precipitation anomaly can be a good reflection of the drought in southwestern Guangxi;Standardized Precipitation Index(SPI) is a Γ distribution of probability to describe the precipitation the amount of change,only the precipitation probability 0:0,and therefore the actual gap.If the actual situation of southwestern Guangxi,statistical precipitation ≥ 1.0mm probability,then the calculated results and live relatively close to.

  5. Guangxi third-party logistics enterprise development strategies under resource integration Perspective%资源整合视域下广西第三方物流企业发展对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴海琼

    2012-01-01

      The degree of development of third-party logistics can reflect and embody the overall level of the Guangxi logistics industry development. status quo of the development of Guangxi third party logistics enterprises and the need for logistics resources integration were Analyzed, based on enterprise resources integration network, Guangxi third-party logistics enterprises resources expansive integration strategy were raised.%  第三方物流的发展程度能反映和体现广西物流业发展的整体水平。分析广西第三方物流企业发展的现状和物流资源整合的必要性,以企业资源整合网络为基础,提出广西第三方物流企业资源扩张性整合策略。

  6. Monitoring the invasion of Spartina alterniflora using very high resolution unmanned aerial vehicle imagery in Beihai, Guangxi (China).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wan, Huawei; Wang, Qiao; Jiang, Dong; Fu, Jingying; Yang, Yipeng; Liu, Xiaoman

    2014-01-01

    Spartina alterniflora was introduced to Beihai, Guangxi (China), for ecological engineering purposes in 1979. However, the exceptional adaptability and reproductive ability of this species have led to its extensive dispersal into other habitats, where it has had a negative impact on native species and threatens the local mangrove and mudflat ecosystems. To obtain the distribution and spread of Spartina alterniflora, we collected HJ-1 CCD imagery from 2009 and 2011 and very high resolution (VHR) imagery from the unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV). The invasion area of Spartina alterniflora was 357.2 ha in 2011, which increased by 19.07% compared with the area in 2009. A field survey was conducted for verification and the total accuracy was 94.0%. The results of this paper show that VHR imagery can provide details on distribution, progress, and early detection of Spartina alterniflora invasion. OBIA, object based image analysis for remote sensing (RS) detection method, can enable control measures to be more effective, accurate, and less expensive than a field survey of the invasive population.

  7. Monitoring the Invasion of Spartina alterniflora Using Very High Resolution Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Imagery in Beihai, Guangxi (China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Huawei Wan

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Spartina alterniflora was introduced to Beihai, Guangxi (China, for ecological engineering purposes in 1979. However, the exceptional adaptability and reproductive ability of this species have led to its extensive dispersal into other habitats, where it has had a negative impact on native species and threatens the local mangrove and mudflat ecosystems. To obtain the distribution and spread of Spartina alterniflora, we collected HJ-1 CCD imagery from 2009 and 2011 and very high resolution (VHR imagery from the unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV. The invasion area of Spartina alterniflora was 357.2 ha in 2011, which increased by 19.07% compared with the area in 2009. A field survey was conducted for verification and the total accuracy was 94.0%. The results of this paper show that VHR imagery can provide details on distribution, progress, and early detection of Spartina alterniflora invasion. OBIA, object based image analysis for remote sensing (RS detection method, can enable control measures to be more effective, accurate, and less expensive than a field survey of the invasive population.

  8. The first mitochondrial genome of Coelomactra antiquata (Mollusca: Veneroida: Mactridae) from Guangxi (China) and potential molecular markers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, Xin; Meng, Xueping; Tian, Mei; Yan, Binlun; Cheng, Hanliang; Lu, Wei; Chai, Yuling

    2016-09-01

    The complete mitochondrial genome of Coelomactra antiquata (Guangxi, in China, GX) was determined. It is 16 801 bp in length and is the first representative from this province. The mitochondrial genome encodes 35 genes, including 12 PCGs, two ribosomal RNA, and 21 transfer RNA genes. Atp8 and trnSer(UCN) genes are missing, compared with the typical gene content of animal mitochondrial genomes. Three (cob, nad1, nad4, and nad6) of the 12 PCGs in the mitochondrial genome initiate with the ATA, while other PCGs start with ATG. Two PCGs (atp6 and nad4L) end with incomplete stop codons (T-), and the remaining ones have complete stop codons (TAA or TAG). The largest non-coding region of the C. antiquata (GX) contains one section of tandem repeats (5 × 99 bp). Among all PCGs and rRNAs, the nad5 gene contains the maximum polymorphic sites (430), followed by nad4 (261) and cox2 (240). Two ribosomal RNA genes (srRNA and lrRNA) and cox1 are most conservative. The proportions of polymorphic sites in six genes (nad4, nad2, nad6, nad5, cox2, and nad3) are more than 20% (ranging from 20.25% to 25.21%). These high variable genes can be used as molecular markers in the population genetic analysis of the species.

  9. [137Cs profile distribution character and its implication for soil erosion on Karst slopes of northwest Guangxi].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feng, Teng; Chen, Hong-song; Zhang, Wei; Nie, Yun-peng; Wang, Ke-lin

    2011-03-01

    This paper studied the profile distribution characters of 137Cs and soil organic carbon (SOC) on the Karst slopes and in the fissures in typical peak-cluster depression in Northwest Guangxi, aimed to approach the applicability of 137Cs method on Karst slopes and the implication of 37Cs for the characteristics of slope soil erosion. In all test profiles, there was a significant correlation between 137Cs and SOC, indicating that both of them might have the same loss pathway. On the slopes under secondary forests, 137Cs mainly existed within the depth 0-24 cm. On the upper middle and middle slope sites, 137Cs had an exponential decrease with depth, indicating no or slight surface erosion; while on the foot slope site, the distribution pattern of 137Cs indicated severer erosion. On the slopes with cultivated lands, 137Cs distributed uniformly within the plough layer. In the upper middle and middle slopes profiles, 137Cs mainly existed in the depth around 15 cm and far less than the background value, indicating severe soil erosion; while in foot slope profiles, 137Cs was aggraded to the depth 45 cm. A discontinuous distribution of 137Cs in the profiles was detected on the foot slopes under secondary forests, on the upper middle and foot slopes of cultivated lands, and in the fissures, indicating that the soil particles on Karst slopes had a trend of losing with rainwater to the underground, but the loss quantity was negligible, compared with surface erosion.

  10. Study on Karst Rock Desertification by Human-Nature Interaction: A Case Study of Fengshan County of Guangxi, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, G.; Su, C.; Zhang, R.; Shi, Y.; Liu, Y.; Ma, Y.

    2014-11-01

    Rocky desertification is a process of soil erosion leading to the bareness of bedrock, and is a kind of typical natural disaster in karst areas, which seriously constrains the developments of local society and economy. This paper studies the impact of human activities on the changes of rocky desertification. With the interpretation of remote sensing images of Fengshan County, GuangXi, China covering 1990, 1995 and 2005, this paper analyzes the relationship of the changes of social and economic index (including population density, agricultural population, rural per capital net income, and farmland) and the changes of rocky desertification in recent 15 years. The results indicate that: in recent 15 years, the average annual growth rate of rocky desertification, rate of change of population density, agricultural population, rural per capita net income, and farmland area are 8.7375 km2 /year, 0.7 person/km2.year, 1153 person/year, 85 Yuan/year, and -269.1 ha/year, respectively. The first three of social and economic indicators at different degrees of growth, show a positive correlation with rocky desertification change. However, farmland area, which has been diminishing, shows a negative correlation with rocky desertification. The influence of human activities for karst rocky desertification can be regarded as population growth - steep slope reclamation - the destruction of vegetation - erosion - rocky desertification - poverty.

  11. Polymorphism of glutathione S-transferase mu 1 and theta 1 genes and hepatocellular carcinoma in southern Guangxi, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhuo-Lin Deng; Yi-Ping Wei; Yun Ma

    2005-01-01

    AIM: Glutathione S-transferase mu 1 (GSTM1) and theta 1(GSTT1) genes are involved in the metabolism of a wide range of carcinogens, but deletions of the genes are commonly found in the population. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the association between GSTM1 and GSTT1 gene polymorphisms and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) risk.METHODS: The genetic polymorphisms were studied at an aflatoxin highly contaminated region in Guangxi, China.Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique was used to detect the presence or absence of the GSTM1 and GSTT1 genes in blood samples. The case group was composed of 181 patients of HCC identified by the pathologists and the control group was composed of 360 adults without any tumor.RFSULTS: The frequencies of GSTM1 and GSTT1 null genotypes in the control were 47.8% and 42.7%, while those in the HCC group were 64.6% and 59.7%, respectively. The differences between HCC group and control group were very significant (P<0.01). GSTM1 and GSTT1 combined null genotypes in HCC group and control group were 38.2% and 18.5%respectively, and the difference was significant (P<0.05).CONCLUSION: The GSTM1 and GSTT1 null genotypes are associated with an increased risk of HCC in a special geographic environment. Combination of the two null genotypes in an individual is substantially increased twice the risk of HCC.

  12. Rise and Fall of Recent Chinese Coastal Resort Development:Case of Beihai Silver Beach, Guangxi, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Jun; BAO Jigang

    2012-01-01

    Based upon a case study of Silver Beach coastal resort of Beihai,Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region,this article examines the rise and fall of Chinese coastal tourist resort development since the 1980s.It explores the causes for and responses to the decline of Chinese coastal resorts.The data were collected through in-depth interviews with twelve local key information providers,and secondary information sources such as government archives,survey reports,and resort plans.It was found that the rise and fall of Chinese coastal resorts in the last three decades is closely linked to the transitional reform from a central planned economy to a market economy.Three stages of coastal tourism development were identified in a sequence of rapid growth,decline and redevelopment.It was government financial funds and high local government involvement that promoted the rapid expansion of coastal resorts during the 1980s.However,coastal resort decline occurred when transitional reform was intensified and deflationary policy executed after 1992.Institutional failure is found to be the main reason of Chinese coastal resorts decline since the mid-1990s.The government-dominated pattern could not be sustained and should be restructured in forthcoming coastal tourism development in China.Revival strategies should emphasize enhancing market-oriented reform in the declining resorts on both supply and demand sides.

  13. [Effects of parent rock and land use pattern on soil fertility in Karst region of Northwest Guangxi].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Shan; He, Xun-Yang; Su, Yi-Rong; Zhang, Wei; Wang, Ke-Lin

    2010-06-01

    Taking the soils developed on limestone and sandstone and with typical land use patterns in Karst region of Northwest Guangxi as test objects, this paper studied their soil fertility under effects of parent rock and land use pattern. A total of eleven soil fertility variables were selected for factor analysis, and the component score for each sampling site was assessed by using principal component analysis (PCA) sequencing and clustering diagram. The factor analysis indicated that the eleven variables could be reduced to four components, i.e., overall soil fertility, soil pH and total phosphorus, soil available phosphorus, and soil total potassium. The PCA sequencing and clustering analysis showed that the overall soil fertility was mainly affected by land use pattern, being the highest in abandoned farmland. Soil pH and total phosphorus content were mainly affected by parent rock. The pH value and total phosphorus content in the red soil developed on sandstone were much lower than those in the calcareous soil developed on limestone. Soil available phosphorus and total potassium contents were significantly affected by fertilization. The available phosphorus and total potassium contents in Karst calcareous soil and red soil were lower than the average level of China soils. Therefore, the Karst calcareous soil should be fertilized with ammonium nitrogen fertilizer to improve its phosphorus availability, while the Karst red soil should be amended with lime to increase its available phosphorus content. In addition, potassium fertilizer should be applied to the two soil types to improve their soil fertility.

  14. Influence of culture, residential segregation and socioeconomic development on rural elderly health-related quality of life in Guangxi, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Tai; Shi, Wuxiang; Huang, Zhaoquan; Gao, Dong; Guo, Zhenyou; Liu, Jianying; Chongsuvivatwong, Virasakdi

    2016-06-29

    This study aimed to assess ethnic differences in health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among the rural elderly, and to examine the influence of ethnic culture, residential segregation and socioeconomic development on HRQoL. A total of 6,511 rural elderly aged 60 years and older from 5,541 households in 116 villages across eight ethnic groups in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous region were selected and assessed for HRQoL. The EQ-5D index values were calculated based on the Chinese Time Trade-Off values set. The EQ-5D descriptive system scores, visual analogue scale scores, and index values were described by ethnic group. The EQ-5D index was modeled against ethnic culture, residential segregation and socioeconomic development using villages as random effects. The median (IQR) of HRQoL among all the ethnic groups was 0.88 (0.80, 0.96). Pain/discomfort was the most prevalent problem, followed by anxiety/depression. After controlling for sociodemographic characteristics, a significant difference in HRQoL among ethnic groups persisted, but this was not true for residential segregation. Social welfare and health policies designed to improve the health of the rural elderly should focus more on older, female, less-educated, Yao minority individuals as well as lower-income households.

  15. The Behaviour of Rare—Earth Elements(REE) During Weathering of Granites in Southern Guangxi,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑作平; 林传仙

    1996-01-01

    The behaviour of the rare-earth elements(REE)during the weathering of granites was studied in southern Guangxi,China.Based on the study of the weathering profiles,the soil,weathered and sub-weatereb zones are identified with different REE geochemical behaviours throug the weathering profiles of granite.The Ce anomalies of the weathering profiles cover a large range of values with most falling between 1.02 and 1.43in the soil zone and 0.16and 0.40in the weathered and sub-weathered zones.Light rare-earth elements(LREE) and heavy rare-earth elements(HREE)are enriched to varying degree in the weathering profiles as compared to host granites.In the soil zone,more HREEs are leached than LREEs,and HREEs are more enriched than LREE in the weathered and sub-weathered zones.It is considered that infiltration and adsorption on clays are two processes controlling the enrichment and formation of REE deposits in the weathering profiles of granite.

  16. NUMERICAL EXPERIMENT ON THE EFFECT OF URBANIZATION UPON SUMMER LAND-SEA BREEZES IN THE COASTLAND OF GUANGXI

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WEN Wei-jun; SHEN Tong-li; DING Zhi-ying; SONG Jie-hui

    2010-01-01

    The 2003-2006 observations were utilized to analyze the surface characteristics of summer land-sea breezes along the coastland of Guangxi and the Weather Research and Forecast model was applied to simulate the breeze structure on August 1-2,2006.Results show that 1)the intensity and distributions of the breezes reproduced from improved urban underlying surface were close to observations.In the daytime the coastwise urban band was a convergent belt of sea breeze,corresponding to the centers of torrential rains; in the nighttime hours the surface of the Gulf of Tonkin(the Vietnamese name)or the Northern Bay(the Chinese name)acted as a convergent zone of land breezes,likely to produce convectivecloud cluster; 2)the experiment on urbanization showed the heat island effect enhancing(weakening)the sea(land)breeze development.Furthermore,the heat island effect mitigated the atmospheric cooling viaradiation over the cities in the night,weakening sinking motion correspondingly,thereby suppressing the dominant factor responsible for the steady development of temperature inversion.As a result,the inversion vigor was reduced greatly,but nevertheless no strong effect of the decreased subsidence was found upon the inversion height.

  17. Exploration of New Financing Mode of Farmers’ Co-operatives——A Case of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Based on the overview of the role played by farmers’ co-operatives in developing rural economy and existing problems,the thesis has introduced the factors which influence the development of farmers’ co-operatives including five aspects,namely conditions of scale economy,popularization and application of agricultural production technology,comparative advantage,market expectancy and government support.By analyzing typical cases of three co-operatives in Guangxi(Heng County Dadi Growing Co-operatives,talents-leading share-holding co-operatives;Long’an County Guixiniu Co-operatives,co-operatives led by leading-enterprise;Nanning City Tanluo Town Jinguang Fruits and Potatoes Co-operatives,co-operatives led by leading-enterprise),the way to develop farmers’ co-operatives by dint of the external capital has been discussed.The results demonstrate that conditions of scale economy,popularization and application of agricultural production technology,comparative advantage,excellent market expectancy and government support,are conducive to absorbing external capital.Under China’s existing economic conditions,the government should normalize the use and allocation procedure of program fund.

  18. 广西非物质文化遗产的数字化展示媒介研究%Digital display media research on Guangxi Intangible Cultural Heritage

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何成战

    2016-01-01

    广西地理及气候等多种条件,形成了广西非物质文化遗产的特殊性。利用当前的数字化条件,对广西非物质文化遗产进行更具广度和深度的展示与研究,有助于广西非物质文化的传承和传播。文章从日新月异的数字化技术发展,结合展示广西非物质文化遗产数字化技术的可利用性,研究数字化展示非物质文化遗产的方法和经验。希望通过资料整理,能够给广西非物质文化遗产研究带来一定的借鉴意义。%Guangxi variety of geographical and climatic conditions, the formation of a special nature, Guangxi Intangible Cultural Heritage. Using the current digital condition, Guangxi Intangible Cultural Heritage to appear with more breadth and depth of research, and contribute to the spread of Guangxi Intangible heritage and culture. This article from the rapid development of digital technology, combined with impressions Guangxi Intangible Cultural Heritage of digital technology availability, research and experience in the digital display methods Intangible Cultural Heritage. We hope that through this study, Guangxi Intangible Cultural Heritage can bring certain significance.

  19. 基于EOF分析的广西酸雨时空分布特征研究%Study on the Temporal and Spatial Distribution Characteristic of Acid Rain in Guangxi Based on EOF Analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙崇智; 梁骏; 王超球; 郑凤琴

    2011-01-01

    Based on acid rain data from ten monitoring sites in Guangxi from 2003 to 2009, the temporal and spatial distribution characteristic of acid rain in Guangxi were analyzed by means of empirical orthogonal function resolution (EOF). The results showed that there was fluctuating change of acid rain frequency in Guangxi , and acid rain pollution became severer in 2004 - 2008; acid rain frequency changed conformably in the whole region and it was higher in eastern and northwestern Guangxi, while acid rain pollution became severe in western Guangxi;acid rain frequency varied out of phase between northeastern and seuthwestern Guangxi in an individual year.%利用广西10个酸雨监测点2003~2009年的酸雨资料,采用经验正交函数分解(EOF)的统计方法,分析了广西区域酸雨的空间分布特征与时间变化趋势.结果表明,广西酸雨频率呈波动性变化,特别是2004~2008年酸雨污染趋势加剧;全区域酸雨频率变化一致,东部、西北部明显高于其他地区,酸雨污染严重的地带已扩展到西部;个别年份广西东北部与西南部的酸雨频率变化反位相.

  20. Analysis on Status and Development Strategy of Under-Forest Economy in Guangxi%广西林下经济发展现状与对策分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韦立权

    2012-01-01

    概述广西林下经济基本定义、主要特征和发展历程,分析广西林下经济主要成就、发展优势、存在问题及发展对策。%The basic definition, chief feature and developing history of under-forest econom Guangxi were overviewed. The chief achievements, developing advantages, existing problems strategies for under-forest economy in Guangxi were analyzed. y in and

  1. Considerations about the Practice of Training Work for Cultural Sharing Project in Northern Guangxi Region%桂北地区文化共享工程培训工作的实践与思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白薇

    2015-01-01

    This paper carries out a comprehensive introduction to the basic situation of and concrete measures for the training work of North Guangxi Region’s cultural sharing project, and describes the experiences and ideas of Northern Guangxi Region to carry out the training work of cultural sharing project.%全面介绍了桂北地区开展文化共享工程培训工作的基本情况和具体做法,阐述了桂北地区开展文化共享工程培训工作的体会和思路。

  2. South-South Trade: A Quantitative Assessment

    OpenAIRE

    Raihan, Selim

    2014-01-01

    The share of North-North trade in global trade declined from 55.5 percent in 1990 to around 32 percent in 2010. Such fall in North-North trade had been accompanied by rising trade involving the South countries. The South-North trade share increased from 13.9 percent to 16.5 percent during the same time. However, the most spectacular phenomenon was the rise in South-South trade, which increased from only 6.4 percent to 19.4 percent during this period. Such rise in South-South trade has no...

  3. The typhoid and paratyphoid fever prevention research 60 years in Guangxi%广西伤寒及副伤寒防治研究60年

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马小垒; 黄亚铭

    2014-01-01

    广西是全国伤寒及副伤寒流行较严重的省份之一,全年均有伤寒副伤寒病例出现,但1996年以前全区以伤寒流行为主,伤寒病例每年7~10月出现一个流行高峰期。自从1996年发现有副伤寒流行以来,到1999年的监测发现全年出现两个流行高峰期,分别是5月份的甲型副伤寒和10月份的伤寒各一个高峰期。而在2004年-2010年的监测发现两个高峰期时间非常接近,分别在7月和8月。广西从上世纪五十年代到九十年代中期伤寒的人群发病率分别为3.96/10万、8.83/10万、3.55/10万、5.04/10万和9.74/10万。1993年-2002年年均发病率为10.27/10万。2004年-2010年伤寒发病率波动在1.61/10万~5.41/10万之间,甲型副伤寒波动在0.80/10万~4.78/10万之间。目前广西的伤寒及副伤寒得到有效控制,但影响疫情暴发的主要原因仍然是边远农村的农民,及学校饮用水被污染所造成。%Guangxi is the more serious epidemic of typhoid and paratyphoid one of the provinces in China and had typhoid fever and paratyphoid fever cases occur throughout the year. The typhoid epidemic main and cases of typhoid fever occur annually a peak of epidemic from July to October in Guangxi before 1996. The epidemic paratyphoid have been found since the 1996, the monitoring found that there are two peak of the epidemic to the 1999 and namely in May of paratyphoid fever and in October of typhoid each one peak. But nearly 10 years of monitoring found two peak times were very close of the time respectively in July and August from 2004 to 2010.The population incidence of typhoid fever was 3.96/100 thousand, 8.83/100 thousand, 3.55/100 thousand 5.04/100 thousand 5.04/100 thousand and 9.74/100 thousand in Guangxi from the 1950's to the 1990's. The average annual incidence rate 10.27/100 thousand in Guangxi from 1993 to 2002. The typhoid incidence rate fluctuations between the 1.61/100 thousand and 5.41/100 thousand , the

  4. Investigation for Department of Rehabilitation Medicine in Guangxi, China%广西康复医学科现状调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雷迈; 杨建荣; 谭威; 胡才友; 江文宇; 林卫; 覃莉珍; 杨清程; 吴旻

    2016-01-01

    Objective To investigate the present situation of institutes of rehabilitation medicine in Guangxi. Methods From March to July, 2015, all 287 hospitals in Guangxi were investigated with the Human Resource Statistics of Guangxi Rehabilitation Medicine Depart-ment and the Specialist Questionnaire of Guangxi Rehabilitation Medicine Department by E-mail through the local Health and Family Plan-ning Commissions. Results There were 125 rehabilitation medicine departments with 2146 personnels in Guangxi, 0.2 therapists per bed in average. The proportion was 1∶0.725 for rehabilitative physicians to therapists;1∶1.92∶3.14 for senior, intermediate and primary title for physicians;1∶8∶63 for therapists and 1∶5.6∶18.9 for nurses. About 91.3%of the department of rehabilitation medicine was in the tertia-ry hospitals and was able to provide the services of physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech therapy, swallowing rehabilitation, cogni-tive rehabilitation, psychological therapy and rehabilitation engineering, and so on. Conclusion Rehabilitation has made a big progress com-pared with that in 2009 in Guangxi, in term of institutes, human resources and the service ability. However, the distribution of institutions and human resources remains unbalanced.%目的:调查广西壮族自治区康复医学发展现况。方法2015年3~7月,采用广西康复医学科人力资源统计表和广西康复医学科专科情况调查表,以电子邮件方式,通过各地市卫计委,调查全区县、乡综合医院,康复专科医院,中医医院287家。结果全区共有康复医学医疗机构125家,医护治人员2146人;平均每床配备0.20名治疗师;康复医师与治疗师人数比为1∶0.725;医师职称高、中、初级比为1∶1.92∶3.14,治疗师职称高、中、初级比为1∶8∶63,护士职称高、中、初级比为1∶5.6∶18.9;91.3%康复医学科集中在三级医院;能开展物理治疗、作业治疗、言

  5. Reflection on Compensation of Ecological Non-commercial Forest in Guangxi%对广西生态公益林补偿问题的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    巨文珍; 农胜奇

    2011-01-01

    The present ecological compensation mechanism is facing many problems and difficulties. For examples, low compensation standards, inaptitude management, singular method, lack of corresponding policies and laws etc. This paper provided the measures to solve the problems of the ecological public forest compensation in Guangxi. Based on the existed problems in current, the author innovatively designed the ecological compensation mechanism and indicated the classification method in different region. It will effectively improve the using efficiency of ecological non-commercial forest compensation funds. The author advised the measure for establishing the compatible non-commercial forest compensation rules in Guangxi. These advices and measures are very significant for realizing the public forest protection in different region of Guangxi, and further promoting the ecological, social and economic function of non-commercial forest.%分析认为,我国现行的生态公益林补偿制度仍存在补偿标准偏低、规划管理不当、补偿方式单一、缺乏配套的政策法规体系等问题.结合当前广西区生态公益林补偿制度及其存在的问题,提出创新公益林补偿标准的形成机制,实施分地区分类别补偿的措施,有效提高生态公益林补偿资金的使用效率,尽快出台适合全区实际情况的生态公益林补偿实施条例,不断完善公益林补偿制度等时策与建议.

  6. P-glycoprotein gene MDR1 polymorphisms and susceptibility to systemic lupus erythematosus in Guangxi population: a case-control study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Jian; Liu, Yanqiong; Zhao, Jiangyang; Xu, Juanjuan; Li, Shan; Qin, Xue

    2017-04-01

    The multidrug resistance 1 gene (MDR1) encodes for P-glycoprotein (P-gp), which plays a pathophysiological role in the development of autoimmune diseases, including systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Herein, we aimed to investigate the relationship between MDR1 gene polymorphisms and SLE susceptibility in the Chinese Guangxi population. The genotypes of rs1128503 and rs1045642 in MDR1 gene were analyzed using the polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism method in 283 SLE patients and 247 healthy controls from Guangxi. Direct sequencing method was used to verify the results. Binary logistic regression analyses adjusting for gender and age indicated that subjects carrying the rs1128503 T-allele and TT genotype were at increased risk of SLE when compared to carriers of the C allele and CC genotype, with adjusted ORs of 1.36 (95% CI 1.07-1.74; P = 0.014) and 1.77 (95% CI 1.08-2.88; P = 0.022), respectively. In addition, the risk allele T had a recessive effect (OR 1.49, 95% CI 1.04-2.14, P = 0.029). Subgroup analyses revealed effect modification by age for the presence of the rs1128503 T allele, yielding a significant positive association with SLE in older (≥40 years) subjects (T vs. C allele: OR 1.41, 95% CI 1.01-1.96; P = 0.041; TT vs. CC genotype: OR 1.74, 95% CI 1.07-2.79; P = 0.021). For the first time, we demonstrated that MDR1 rs1128503 polymorphisms were associated with SLE susceptibility in Chinese Guangxi population.

  7. Timeliness and completeness of measles vaccination among children in rural areas of Guangxi, China: A stratified three-stage cluster survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tang, Xianyan; Geater, Alan; McNeil, Edward; Zhou, Hongxia; Deng, Qiuyun; Dong, Aihu

    2017-07-01

    Large-scale outbreaks of measles occurred in 2013 and 2014 in rural Guangxi, a region in Southwest China with high coverage for measles-containing vaccine (MCV). This study aimed to estimate the timely vaccination coverage, the timely-and-complete vaccination coverage, and the median delay period for MCV among children aged 18-54 months in rural Guangxi. Based on quartiles of measles incidence during 2011-2013, a stratified three-stage cluster survey was conducted from June through August 2015. Using weighted estimation and finite population correction, vaccination coverage and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated. Weighted Kaplan-Meier analyses were used to estimate the median delay periods for the first (MCV1) and second (MCV2) doses of the vaccine. A total of 1216 children were surveyed. The timely vaccination coverage rate was 58.4% (95% CI, 54.9%-62.0%) for MCV1, and 76.9% (95% CI, 73.6%-80.0%) for MCV2. The timely-and-complete vaccination coverage rate was 47.4% (95% CI, 44.0%-51.0%). The median delay period was 32 (95% CI, 27-38) days for MCV1, and 159 (95% CI, 118-195) days for MCV2. The timeliness and completeness of measles vaccination was low, and the median delay period was long among children in rural Guangxi. Incorporating the timeliness and completeness into official routine vaccination coverage statistics may help appraise the coverage of vaccination in China. Copyright © 2017 The Authors. Production and hosting by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  8. 广西智慧城镇规划建设和管理研究%The Research of Guangxi Smart Towns Planning, Construction and Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨一虹

    2015-01-01

    通过对广西智慧城镇发展现状分析,发现广西智慧城镇发展处于全国中下水平,由此提出了建设智慧政府、发展智慧经济、构建智慧社会的广西智慧城镇宏观发展目标,以及智慧保障、智慧基础设施、智慧产业、智慧服务、智慧治理5类一级目标和10项二级目标的广西智慧城镇发展目标体系;并提出了构建智慧城镇组织体系、制定智慧城镇发展规划、编制科学可行建设方案、试点带动智慧城镇建设、创新驱动智慧城镇建设的广西智慧城镇规划建设和管理途径。%The analysis of the situation of Guangxi smart towns shows that the development of these towns is still in the middle and lower level throught the country. The paper proposes the growth goals of Guangxi smart towns including constructing smart government, smart economy and smart society. Then it aims to construct the goal system with 5 primary goals and 10 secondarty goals. Finally it puts farward the planning and the management of Guangxi smart towns by constructing the smart towns system, formulating development planning & construction cases, developing the smart towns by pilot projects and innovating the building model.

  9. Thinking on Improvement of Cultural Livelihood in Guangxi%加快改善广西文化民生的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王春林

    2012-01-01

    Cultural livelihood improvement is a main task of building ethnic cultural stronger region of Guangxi, which is also the cohesive force and a significant support of making people rich and the whole region be competitive. In recent years, Guangxi has made remarkable achievements on cultural livelihood construction but there are still some problems exist. So, Guangxi needs to learn experiences from other cities and provinces to improve itself, perfect public cultural service mechanism further, and to deal with the relations between non-profit culture undertakings and cultural industry and make these two develop quickly, innovate public cultural supply and cultural talents cultivation mechanism and fulfill culture aid project.%改善文化民生,是广西建设民族文化强区的重要任务,也是凝聚力量,实现富民强桂新跨越的一项重要支撑。近年来,广西在文化民生建设中取得了明显的成效,但仍存在不少困难与问题。广西要改善文化民生状况,须在借鉴其他省市成功经验的基础上,进一步健全完善公共文化服务运行机制,正确处理发展公益性文化事业与文化产业的关系,加快发展文化事业与文化产业,创新公共文化供给与文化人才队伍培养机制,实施文化扶贫战略。

  10. The first nursing school of Guangxi in modern times%广西近代第一所护士学校

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张璐砾

    2011-01-01

    1903年,美国浸信教会在广西梧州建立思达纪念医院.1909年,美国护士长苏慕华(Leonora swrlett)女士奉派到梧州主持思达医院的护理工作.由于护理人员缺乏,苏慕华女士创办了广西思达医院初级护士职业学校.该护士学校的创立,揭开了广西女子医学教育的序幕,健全了广西地区的医学教育门类,引进了先进的教学模式和教育制度,为广西后来兴办护校提供了借鉴,也对广西女子教育的近代化产生了巨大的影响.%In 1903, the Sida Anniversary Hospital was established in Wuzhou, Guangxi, by the American Baptist Convention. In 1909, the head nurse Leonora Swrlett was sent to Wuzhou from USA to take charge of nursing work. Considering the lack of nursing staff, Leonora Swrlett established the Primary Vocational School of Nursing Affiliated to Guangxi Sida Hospital. As the beginning of women' s medical education, the establishment of the Primary Vocational School of Nursing enriched the variety of education, and introduced advanced education modes and systems, which were of great value for establishing nursing schools and had huge influence on modernization of women' s education in Guangxi.

  11. The Lexical Characteristics of Miaohua in Weijiang town Longsheng county of Guangxi%广西龙胜伟江苗话词汇特点分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭晓芹

    2015-01-01

    A thorough survey of Miaohua in Weijiang town Longsheng county of Guangxi shows that its lexical features in three aspects :the scope of meaning ,vocabulary composition ,motivation .%对广西龙胜伟江苗话词汇的全面调查分析表明,伟江苗话词汇的特点突出表现在:词义的范围、词汇的组成、造词的理据三个方面。

  12. 2000~2009年广西炭疽流行病学分析%Epidemiological analysis of anthrax in Guangxi Province from 2000 to 2009

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁江明; 邓秋云; 曾竣; 廖驰真; 吴秀玲

    2011-01-01

    Aim To analyse the epidemiological features of anthrax in Guangxi Province from 2000 to 2009 and provide scientific basis for prevention and control of the disease. Methods The The data concerning prevalence and control of anthrax in Guangxi from 2000 to 2009 were collected and analyzed. Results The prevalence of anthrax occurred in Guangxi every year,and the prevalence of anthrax in livestock often frequently occurred prior to the epidemic in human beings. The anthrax in Guangxi was of the agricultural type and was widespread without apparent periodic characteristic,most of the anthrax eases were farmers and were infected by slaughtering and eating the sick livestock. The incidence of anthrax was from 0.0015/100 000 to 0.22/100 000 population. Most of the anthrax cases were cutaneous anthrax. Conclusion To educate people not slaughter or eat or sell sick livestock and process correctly the corpses of sick livestock are the key measures for prevention and control the anthrax..%目的 了解广西炭疽流行病学特征,为预防与控制本病提供科学依据.方法 对2000~2009年广西炭疽疫情报告及其相关资料进行回顾性分析.结果 广西炭疽病例每年均有发生.人间炭疽流行常继发于畜间炭疽流行,以局部暴发为主,流行类型属农业型,分布广泛.流行无明显的周期性,发病率在0.0015/10万~0.22/10万之间.受害者主要是农民,大多数都是由于剖食病死家畜而感染,以皮肤型炭疽最为多见.结论 认真做好炭疽防治知识的宣传教育工作.做到不剖杀、不分食、不出售病死家畜,并妥善处理好病死家畜尸体是防治本病的关键.

  13. Two new species of freshwater crabs of the genus Heterochelamon Türkay & Dai, 1997 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura: Potamidae) from Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, southern China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naruse, Tohru; Zhu, Chunchao; Zhou, Xianmin

    2013-01-01

    Heterochelamon tessellatum n. sp. and H. castanea n. sp. are described trom the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, southern China. Heterochelamon tessellatum n. sp. and H. castanea n. sp. are morphologically most similar to H. yangshuoense Türkay & Dai, 1997, and H. guangxiense Türkay & Dai, 1997, respectively. The new species can be differentiated from these allied species by differences in the shape of external orbital tooth, epibranchial tooth, and male first gonopod. The present study brings the number of Heterochelamon species to five. A key to species of the genus Heterochelamon is provided.

  14. 倒卵叶青冈——广西壳斗科一新记录种%Quercus arbutifolia, a new record species of Fagaceae in Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓敏; 曹明; 席世丽; 曹小燕

    2011-01-01

    报道了广西壳斗科植物一新记录种——倒卵叶青冈,并对倒卵叶青冈的形态进行了补充描述,同时对该种的生存现状进行评价,为这一物种的保护提供基础资料.%A new distribution of record of Quercus arbuti folia in Guangxi, China is reported. An additional description and conservation status of the species is presented.

  15. On the Phonetic System of Hakka dialect in Huangtian Town, Hezhou City, Guangxi%广西贺州市黄田镇客家话音系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余秀忠

    2015-01-01

    该文对广西贺州黄田镇的客家话语音系统进行了较为全面的描写,内容主要包括声韵调系统、语音特点和同音字汇三个部分。%This paper makes a fairly complete description of the phonetic system of Hakka dialect in Huangtian Town, Hezhou City, Guangxi, covering three parts:Hakka dialect in Huangtian Town;phonetic features and homophones.

  16. Quantitative Analysis on Illegal Salt in Guangxi in Qing Dynasty%清代广西私盐量化分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡萤

    2015-01-01

    Illegal salt activity inGuangxiwasvery frequent in QingDynasty,andvarious types of illegal saltaffected the distributionand marketingof official salt,whichcausedthe social economy ofGuangxi great hidden trouble.Inthe research ofthe proportion ofillegal salt that took in Guangxi salt market in Qing Dynasty, a sayingwasthat the salt market inGuangxiwas in the situationthat“officialsalt occupied thirty percent of the market while the illegal saltoccupiedthe rest”,the otherway of sayingwasthat “officialsalt and illegal salt occupied equal portion of the market”, there’ssome other sayingthat “illegal salt was one third of the official salt”. By quantitative analyzingtherelevant dataincludingthe population ofGuangxi in QingDynasty,annualper capitasaltdemand,rated sales list ofofficialsalt and sales amount,we can get a morescientific and effectiveunderstanding of thespecific proportionof Guangxi illegal salt in QingDynasty. According to the analysis results, the three kinds of sayingmentionedabovelack tangibility,whichneed to be further revised.%有清一代,广西的私盐活动十分频繁,各种类型的私盐影响着官盐的运销,并对广西的社会经济造成了极大的隐患。对于清代广西食盐市场中私盐比重的研究,一种说法是“官三私七”;另一种说法认为“官私各半”;还有私盐数量是官盐数量的“三分之一”之说。本文通过对清代广西的人口、年人均食盐需求量、官盐额定引目和销售量等大量相关数据的量化分析,更加科学有效地了解清代广西私盐的具体比重情况。根据分析结果,上述三种说法都具有一定的不确切性,需予以进一步修正。

  17. Study on Noise Reduction Effect of Guangxi Expressway Sound Barrier%广西高速公路声屏障降噪效果研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆豫; 李云涛; 毛志刚

    2012-01-01

    文章结合实地监测结果,对广西高速公路沿线现有各类声屏障的降噪效果进行了分析评估,并提出了相应的高速公路声屏障设计思路及建议。%Combined with actual on-site monitoring results,the article analyzed and assessed the noise reduction effect of all types of existing sound barriers along Guangxi expressways,and proposed the corresponding expressway sound-barrier design ideas and suggestions.

  18. Prevalence status of common diseases among students in Guangxi in 2010%2010年广西学生常见病患病现状

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨兵华

    2012-01-01

    [Objective] To understand the students'physique and health status and development trend in Guangxi Province, and provide scientific evidence for developing school sports health development plan in Guangxi and carrying out school physical education and health. [ Methods ] According to relevant requirements of the" Work Manual of 2010 National Student Physical Health research" .prevalence status of common diseases was investigated among 19 859 students, the result was compared with that in year 2000. [Results] The low body weight detection rate(34. 29% ) , anemia rate (14. 76% ) and intestinal roundworra infection rate (5.99% ) of Guangxi students were lower than those in 2000; while the detection rate of poor eyesight (59. 50% ) , overweight (7. 65% ) ,obesity (4.40% ) and the prevalence rate(44. 64% ) of tooth decay were higher than those in 2000. [ Conclusion] The related departments in Guangxi should focus on vision protection, dietary structure adjustment, prevention and treatment of dental caries of the physical and health education in schools.%目的 掌握广西学生体质与健康现状和发展变化情况,为制定广西学校体育卫生工作发展规划、科学开展学校体育卫生工作提供科学依据.方法 按照《2010年全国学生体质健康调研工作手册》的相关要求,对广西5个市的19859名学生患病现状进行调查,并与2000年的调查数据进行比较.结果 广西学生低体重检出率(34.29%)、贫血率(14.76%)、肠道蛔虫感染率(5.99%)低于2000年,而视力低下率(59.50%)、超重率(7.65%)及肥胖检出率(4.40%)、龋齿患病率(44.64%)高于2000年.结论 广西相关部门今后在制定学校体育卫生工作时,工作重点应向保护视力、调整膳食结构、防治龋齿方面倾斜.

  19. Aphrodisiac use associated with HIV infection in elderly male clients of low-cost commercial sex venues in Guangxi, China: a matched case-control study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhenzhu Tang

    Full Text Available Rising HIV infection rates have been observed among elderly people in Guangxi, China. Inexpensive aphrodisiacs are available for purchase in suburban and rural areas. This study aims to investigate the association between aphrodisiac use and increased HIV risk for middle-aged and elderly men in Guangxi.A matched case-control study of aphrodisiac use-associated HIV infection was performed among male subjects over 50 years old who were clients of low-cost commercial sex venues in Guangxi. The cases were defined as clients who were HIV-positive and two controls were selected for each case. The cases and the controls were matched on the visited sex venue, age (±3 years, number of years of purchasing sex (±3 years, and educational attainment. Subjects were interviewed and tested for HIV. Paired t-test or McNemar Chi-squared test were used to compare the characteristics between the cases and controls. A stepwise conditional logistic regression was used to identify risk factors associated with HIV infection.This study enrolled 103 cases and 206 controls. Aphrodisiac use (P = 0.02, odds ratio (OR = 1.81, 95% CI = 1.08-3.04, never using condom during commercial sex encounter (P = 0.03, odds ratio (OR = 1.82, 95% CI = 1.08-3.07, and lacking a stable partner (P = 0.03, odds ratio (OR = 1.76, 95% CI = 1.05-2.98 were found to be risk factors for HIV infection among the study groups. For subjects reporting aphrodisiac use, the frequency of purchasing sex was positively correlated with the frequency of aphrodisiac use (r = 0.3; p = 0.02.Aphrodisiac use was significantly associated with increased HIV infection risk in men over 50 years old who purchased commercial sex in the suburban and rural areas of Guangxi. Further research and interventions should address the links between aphrodisiac use, commercial sex work, condom use, and increased HIV transmission.

  20. 广西北部湾海洋经济可持续发展研究%Study on Sustainable Development in Guangxi Beibu Gulf Marine Economic

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱念; 梁芷铭; 李伊; 赵秋玉

    2016-01-01

    Currently, coastal areas of Guangxi faced with energy base, heavy base, steel base and medium-sized enterprises, such as pulp and paper base construction on the northern Gulf Coast produces challenges and potential en⁃vironmental pollution; marine overfishing, marine aquaculture expansion, influence and destroy the marine environ⁃ment of the North Bay. Under the current lack of resources and the environment, how effective and rational use of ma⁃rine resources to meet the needs of regional economic development, is a real problem of Guangxi Beibu Gulf develop⁃ment process must be faced. Depth of the current situation in Guangxi Beibu Gulf economic development of marine re⁃search, and provide scientific advice to promote the sustainable development of Guangxi Beibu Gulf marine economy.%广西沿海地区面临着能源基地、重化基地、钢铁基地和林浆纸基地等大中型企业建设对北部湾海域和海岸产生潜在环境污染的威胁;海洋的过度捕捞、海水养殖的扩大,影响与破坏了北部湾的海洋生态环境。在当前资源匮乏的情况下,如何有效合理利用海洋资源以满足区域经济发展的需要,是广西北部湾发展过程中必须要面对的一个现实的问题。为推动广西经济从内陆发展模式向以北部湾区域为核心的海洋经济发展模式转变,需要深入开展对广西北部湾海洋经济发展现状的研究,并提出有利于促进广西北部湾海洋经济的可持续发展对策和建议。

  1. 论桂学研究的民俗学理论与方法论基础--桂学理论与方法论研究之七%Folklore Theory and Methodology Bases for the Study of Guangxi---The Seventh Study of Theory and Methodology for the Study of Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张利群

    2014-01-01

    桂学研究作为广西地方之学,民俗研究应该是其重要内容。广西民俗事象和现象早在历代地方史志及其文献典籍就有所记载,刘恂《岭表录异》、范成大《桂海虞衡志》等开始广西民俗研究先河,现代民俗学研究进入黄金时期。民俗学理论与方法论坚持田野作业的实证性研究原则,坚持文献研究方法的考证、印证原则,坚持民俗的“民”与“俗”特征及其价值取向性,这既有利于民俗学研究的学术指向与现实应用意义,也有利于夯实桂学研究的民俗学理论与方法论基础。%As a study of Guangxi local, the Study of Guangxi should take folklore as its important content. The record of Guangxi folklore events and phenomenon can be dated back as early as the Tang dynasty and Song dynasty. Liu Xun’s Mountain Range Record and Fan Chenda’s GuiHai YuHeng Record herald the folklore study of Guangxi, and modern folklore study has entered the Golden Age. Folklore theory and methodology adheres to the principle of field work of empirical research, adheres to the principle of textual research and verifying of literature study, adheres to the characteristics of "people" and "custom" and their value orientation. It is helpful for the academic orientation of folklore and has practical application significance, and it strengthens the study of Guangxi folklore theory and methodology.

  2. Mutation analysis of beta thalassemia gene in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region%广西壮族自治区β-地中海贫血基因突变分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张强; 范歆; 何升; 唐燕青; 陈秋丽; 郑陈光

    2014-01-01

    770 suspected patients,including 10 891 patients with beta thalassemia,49 patients were homozygous,10 718 patients were heterozygote,and 124 patients were compound heterozygous.After beta globin gene sequencing test,14 regular mutations in people of south China and 7 rare types mutations were detected,the detection rate of rare type of beta thalassemia was 17.949% (7/39).Conclusions Mutation spectrum of beta thalassemia in Guangxi is complex.Gene diagnosis of rare type thalassemia needs to be done in patients with phenotypes of thalassemia and negative of regular gene diagnosis,in order to reduce misdiagnosis,and improve accuracy of clinical diagnosis.

  3. 广西猫儿山自然保护区蜻蜒目昆虫初步研究%A Preliminary Study of Odonata in Mao'er Mt.Nature Reserve of Guangxi, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆春文; 杨瑞刚; 陈嫒; 张兵兰; 黄建华; 周善义

    2012-01-01

    All the odonate specimens in the Insect Collections of Guangxi Normal University were studied and identified. The result shows that all specimens belong to 57 species,40 genera, 12 families and 2 suborders from Mao'er Mt. Nature Reserve of Guangxi. Among them,4 genera and 19 species were newly recorded in Guangxi. The 4 newly recorded genera are: Cephalaeschna Selys, Somatochlora Selys, Asi-agomphus Asahina,and Amphigomphus Chao. The 19 newly recorded species are: Orthetrum testaceum Burmeister,Orthetrum lineostigma Serlys,Sympetrum ruptum Needham,Sympetrum kunckeli Selys, Lyrio-themis flava Oguma, Zygonyx iris insignis Kirby, ldionyx victor Hamalainen, Somatochlora dido Need-ham , Anotogaster kuchenbiseri Foerster, Cephalaeschna acutifrons Martin, Gynacantha bayadera Selys, Planaeschna shanxiensis Zhu et Zhang, Asiagomphus hainanensis Chao, Asiagomphus pacificus Chao, Lamelligomphus ringens Needham, Amphigomphus hansoni Chao, Gomphidia kelloggi Needham, Mnais andersoni McLachlan, and Coeliccia sexmaculata Wang. The analytical result of species component shows that Libellulidae,Aeshnidae,Gomphinae,Gomphinae are dominant families. According to the fauna analysis, there were 6 distribution patterns in the world animal geographic fauna distribution and 12 distribution patterns in Chinese animal geographic fauna. The result also shows that the oriental species,the oriental and palearctic species were the principal part in Mao'er Mt.. Meanwhile,the odonata in South China, Central China,North China and Southwest China have the most closely relationship with others.%对广西师范大学昆虫标本室收藏的广西猫儿山蜻蜒目昆虫标本进行鉴定,共57种,隶属于2亚目12科40属,其中4属19种为广西新记录.4个广西新记录属是:金光伪蜻属Somatochlora Selys、头蜒属Cephalaeschna Selys、亚春蜒属Asiagomphus Asahina、安春蜒属Amphigomphus Chao.19个广西新记录种是:黄翅灰蜻Orthetrum testaceum Burmeister

  4. SUSTAINABLE USE OF LAND RESOURCE AND ITS EVALUATION IN COUNTY AREA--A Case of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    Sustainable use of natural resources is different from sustainable development. As the most important natu-ral resource, sustainable use of land resource is the essential guarantee of sustainable development. The nature of sustain-able use of land resource is to retain the quantity and productivity of land resource from generation to generation. The evalua-tion of sustainable use of land resource is an important method to ensure land-use to get onto the sustainable track. Further-more, building index system is the key of the evaluation. In view of tendency of the evaluation indexes chosen so widely,the evaluation indexes should include only three kinds in the researches on the evaluation of sustainable use of land re-source. The first is the stock and structure index of land resource, viz. Areas quantity structure of land resources. In Chi-na, it is especially paid attention to the per person index of land quantity and rate between cultivated land and farmland.The second is the productive index of land, which includes the productivity, potentiality, stability and renewal situationof land. The third is the sustained index of land environment. On the evaluation research of area level, we should layparticular emphasis on statistic indexes. With a case of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in China, the evaluationindex system of sustainable land-use in county area has been built in this thesis. Using the weighted average method tocalculate the means of sustainable land-use in each county, according to the land-using situation, all counties in the au-tonomous region have been divided into three types. (1) Sustainable Pattern contains 18 counties, which have higherland resource productivity, stronger sustained abilities of land environment. The economic benefits of land-using in thesecounties are obviously higher. These counties have gotten highly intensive farming, and they are all in the good circum-stance. (2) Basically Sustained Pattern contains 48 counties, which

  5. Rural-urban Migration, Rural Household Income and Local Geographical Contexts——A Case of Northwestern Guangxi, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANG Chunyue; LU Qi; XIE Lishuang

    2008-01-01

    This paper aims to examine New Economics of Labor Migration (NELM) in the northwestern Guangxi,China and investigate the relationships among rural-urban migration, rural household income and local geographicalcontexts. Stratified sampling and typical case study were adopted and 236 questionnaires were collected from four vil-lages, Daxin, Lixin, Longhe and Yongchang. We analyzed the rural-urban migration rate, household income and localgeographical factors, focusing on the ratio of remittance income to total household income. Data descriptions and sta-tistical methods, such as Pearson Chi-square test, Contingency coefficient, Eta, Pearson correlation coefficient, t-test,multiple comparisons (LSD test, Tamhane T2, Dunnett T3 and Dunnet C test) were used. The results are as follows.Rural households'income is diversified in survey villages so the motivation of rural-urban migration in the study areacan be partly explained by NELM. The migration rate of households (the percentage of households with migrants insurvey households) in survey villages varies from 50% to 86%, while the proportion of remittance income to house-hold income is in the range of 30% to 80%. In the village of Yongchang, with the least average arable land area perhousehold, the remittance income plays a vital role in household income (80%). And the statistical findings show thatthe proportion is significantly and negatively correlated with arable land area per household. The conclusion is that di-rect effect of migration, i.e., the contribution of remittance to household income, is negatively correlated with the con-tribution of resources to local income.

  6. Drug Use and HIV Infection Status of Detainees in Re-Education through Labour Camps in Guangxi Province, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lei Zhang

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available This study describes HIV disease burden and patterns of drug use before and during incarceration among detainees in Re-education-Through-Labour-Camps (RTLCs in China. A cross-sectional survey of 576 men and 179 women from three RTLCs was conducted in Guangxi Province, China. Over three-quarters of study participants were detained due to drug-related offences. Over half of the women (n = 313, 54.3% and two-thirds of men (n = 119, 66.5% had been previously been incarcerated in a compulsory detoxification treatment centre (CDTC, and around one-third (men n = 159, 27.6%; women n = 50, 27.9% in a RTLC. Of those surveyed, 49 men (8.5% and one (0.6% woman reported ever using drugs while in a CDTC and/or RTLC. Previous incarceration in CDTCs and RTLCs were associated with HIV infection among both male (OR = 2.15 [1.11–4.15] and female (OR = 3.87 [1.86–9.04] detainees. Being married/cohabiting with a partner (OR = 0.53, [0.30–0.93] and being employed (OR = 0.46, [0.22–0.95] were associated with a reduced odds of HIV infection among male detainees. A significant proportion of RTLC detainees had a history of drug use and a limited number of inmates had used illegal substances whilst in custody. Repeat incarcerations in CDTCs/RTLCs were associated with higher risks of HIV infection.

  7. Gender and ethnic health disparities among the elderly in rural Guangxi, China: estimating quality-adjusted life expectancy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tai Zhang

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Background: Ethnic health inequalities for males and females among the elderly have not yet been verified in multicultural societies in developing countries. The aim of this study was to assess the extent of disparities in health expectancy among the elderly from different ethnic groups using quality-adjusted life expectancy. Design: A cross-sectional community-based survey was conducted. A total of 6,511 rural elderly individuals aged ≥60 years were selected from eight different ethnic groups in the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region of China and assessed for health-related quality of life (HRQoL. The HRQoL utility value was combined with life expectancy at age 60 years (LE60 data by using Sullivan's method to estimate quality-adjusted life expectancy at age 60 years (QALE60 and loss in quality-adjusted life years (QALYs for each group. Results: Overall, LE60 and QALE60 for all ethnic groups were 20.9 and 18.0 years in men, respectively, and 24.2 and 20.3 years in women. The maximum gap in QALE60 between ethnic groups was 3.3 years in males and 4.6 years in females. The average loss in QALY was 2.9 years for men and 3.8 years for women. The correlation coefficient between LE60 and QALY lost was −0.53 in males and 0.12 in females. Conclusion: Women live longer than men, but they suffer more; men have a shorter life expectancy, but those who live longer are healthier. Attempts should be made to reduce suffering in the female elderly and improve longevity for men. Certain ethnic groups had low levels of QALE, needing special attention to improve their lifestyle and access to health care.

  8. Spatio-temporal clustering of hand, foot, and mouth disease at the county level in Guangxi, China.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yi-hong Xie

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Amid numerous outbreaks of hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD in Asia over the past decade, studies on spatio-temporal clustering are limited. Without this information the distribution of severe cases assumed to be sporadic. We analyzed surveillance data with onset dates between 1 May 2008 to 31 October 2013 with the aim to document the spatio-temporal clustering of HFMD cases and severe cases at the county level. METHODS: Purely temporal and purely spatial descriptive analyses were done. These were followed by a space-time scan statistic for the whole study period and by year to detect the high risk clusters based on a discrete Poisson model. RESULTS: The annual incidence rate of HFMD in Guangxi increased whereas the severe cases peaked in 2010 and 2012. EV71 and CoxA16 were alternating viruses. Both HFMD cases and severe cases had a seasonal peak in April to July. The spatio-temporal cluster of HFMD cases were mainly detected in the northeastern, central and southwestern regions, among which three clusters were observed in Nanning, Liuzhou, Guilin city and their neighbouring areas lasting from 1.2 to 2.5 years. The clusters of severe cases were less consistent in location and included around 40-70% of all severe cases in each year. CONCLUSIONS: Both HFMD cases and severe cases occur in spatio-temporal clusters. The continuous epidemic in Nanning, Liuzhou, Guilin cities and their neighbouring areas and the clusters of severe cases indicate the need for further intensive surveillance.

  9. Spatial analysis for susceptibility of second-time karst sinkholes: A case study of Jili Village in Guangxi, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Guoqing; Yan, Hongbo; Chen, Kunhua; Zhang, Rongting

    2016-04-01

    After a big karst sinkhole happened in Jili Village of Guangxi, China, the local government was eager to quantitatively analyze and map susceptible areas of the potential second-time karst sinkholes in order to make timely decisions whether the residents living in the first-time sinkhole areas should move. For this reason, karst sinkholes susceptibility geospatial analysis is investigated using multivariate spatial data, logistic regression model (LRM) and Geographical Information System (GIS). Ten major karst sinkholes related factors, including (1) formation lithology, (2) soil structure, (3) profile curvature, (4) groundwater depth, (5) fluctuation of groundwater level, (6) percolation rate of soil, (7) degree of karst development, (8) distance from fault, (9) distance from the traffic route, and (10) overburden thickness were selected, and then each of factors was classified and quantitated with the three or four levels. The LRM was applied to evaluate which factor makes significant contributions to sinkhole. The results demonstrated that formation lithology, soil structure, profile curvature, groundwater depth, ground water level, percolation rate of soil, and degree of karst development, the distance from fault, and overburden thickness are positive, while one factor, the distance from traffic routes is negative, which is deleted from LRM model. The susceptibility of the potential sinkholes in the study area is estimated and mapped using the solved impact factors. The susceptible degrees of the study area are classified into five levels, very high, high, moderate, low, and ignore susceptibility. It has been found that that both very high and high susceptibility areas are along Datou Hill and the foothills of the study area. This finding is verified by field observations. With the investigations conducted in this paper, it can be concluded that the susceptibility maps produced in this paper are reliable and accurate, and useful as a reference for local

  10. Spatiotemporal Variation of Karst Ecosystem Service Values and Its Correlation with Environmental Factors in Northwest Guangxi, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Mingyang; Zhang, Chunhua; Wang, Kelin; Yue, Yuemin; Qi, Xiangkun; Fan, Feide

    2011-11-01

    In this investigation we analyzed the spatiotemporal variation of ecosystem service values (ESVs) and its correlation with numerous environmental factors (EFs) for the karst region of Northwest Guangxi, China, from 1985 to 2005 using remote sensing, geographic information systems (GIS) and statistical techniques. The results indicate that historically ESVs for this karst region decreased from 1985 (109.652 billion Yuan) to 1990 (88.789 billion Yuan) and then increased at the turn of the twenty-first century. However, the ESVs in both 2000 (103.384 billion Yuan) and 2005 (106.257 billion Yuan) never achieved the level recorded in 1985. The total of nutrient cycling, organic production and gas regulation combined were 72.69, 64.57, 70.18 and 72.10% of ESVs in 1985, 1990, 2000 and 2005, respectively. In contrast, the ESVs of water conservation, soil reservation, recreation and culture were determined to be relatively low contributing only 17.44, 23.82, 19.26 and 24.76% of total ESVs, respectively, during these four years. With regards to the spatial distribution of ESVs, larger values were recorded in the west and smaller ones recorded in the east. The most significant factors that were deemed to influence ESVs are annual rainfall, per capita cropland, slope and vegetation coverage. Annual rainfall and slope exert a negative force, whereas per capita cropland and vegetation coverage exert a positive force on ESVs. The results of the study would suggest that ecosystem conditions of this important karst region have been improved as the result of the implementation of rocky desertification control policies.

  11. The Effects of Floods on the Incidence of Bacillary Dysentery in Baise (Guangxi Province, China) from 2004 to 2012.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Xuena; Liu, Zhidong; Zhang, Ying; Jiang, Baofa

    2017-02-12

    Research shows potential effects of floods on intestinal infections. Baise, a city in Guangxi Province (China) had experienced several floods between 2004 and 2012 due to heavy and constant precipitation. This study aimed to examine the relationship between floods and the incidence of bacillary dysentery in Baise. A mixed generalized additive model and Spearman correlation were applied to analyze the relationship between monthly incidence of bacillary dysentery and 14 flood events with two severity levels. Data collected from 2004 to 2010 were utilized to estimate the parameters, whereas data from 2011 to 2012 were used to validate the model. There were in total 9255 cases of bacillary dysentery included in our analyses. According to the mixed generalized additive model, the relative risks (RR) of moderate and severe floods on the incidence of bacillary dysentery were 1.40 (95% confidence interval (CI): 1.16-1.69) and 1.78 (95% CI: 1.61-1.97), respectively. The regression analysis also indicated that the flood duration was negatively associated with the incidence of bacillary dysentery (with RR: 0.57, 95% CI: 0.40-0.86). Therfore, this research suggests that floods exert a significant part in enhancing the risk of bacillary dysentery in Baise. Moreover, severe floods have a higher proportional contribution to the incidence of bacillary dysentery than moderate floods. In addition, short-term floods may contribute more to the incidence of bacillary dysentery than a long-term flood. The findings from this research will provide more evidence to reduce health risks related to floods.

  12. Cultivation Techniques on Guangxi Ginkgo biloba Seedlings%广西银杏实生苗培育技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黎晓青; 翟爱军; 李晓铁

    2012-01-01

    该文对广西银杏实生苗的培育技术进行介绍,关键要选壮苗,选有胚芽且胚乳大的种子,采用砂藏、加湿、加温,对苗圃地进行细致整地,施足有机肥,3月播种,出苗后适当遮阳,及时除草、防病、追施叶面肥,出圃前30d炼苗,起苗后按标;位分级、捆扎,填写苗木标签,并建立苗木档案。%Cultivation techniques on Guangxi Ginkgo biloba seedlings was introduced in this paper. The key step in the procedure was seedlings. The cultivation process was consisted of the following stages: first, seeds with full plumule and plump endosperm were selected; second, sand reservoir as well as artificial humidification and heating-up were applied for germination. Before seeding, soil in the nursery garden must be carefully prepared and fertilized. Then, in March, seeds were sowed; after germination, seedlings should he overshadowed in a certain extent, meanwhile, weed control, disease prevent and Foliar fertilizer application should not be conducted 30 days prior to their transplantation; finally, according to the existenee standard, labeled and archived. omitted; seedlings adversity seedlings were graded training was bundled up according to the existence standard, labeled and archived.

  13. Genesis and organic geochemical characteristics of the carbonaceous rock stratabound gold deposits, South China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    The organic matter of three different chronological major carbonaceous rock gold-bearing formations of South China (Middle Proterozoic Shangqiaoshan group of northeastern Jiangxi, Lower Cambrian Shuikou group of northern Guangxi and Devonian Shetianqiao group of eastern Hunan) and related carbonaceous stratabound gold deposits such as Jinshan, Longshui and Shixia deposits, respectively, has been characterized by organic geochemical techniques. These organic geochemical results show that the average total organic carbon (TOC) content of the three chronological carbonaceous rock gold-bearing formations of South China ranges from 0.15% to 1.56%. The thermal maturity of the organic matter of host rocks in the three gold-bearing formations is high. The micro-component of the organic matter of the host rocks consists primarily of solid bitumen and graphite. The organic carbon and gold of the host rocks appear to syndeposit in situ during the formation of the gold-bearing formations. The organic carbon played a certain role in controlling the geochemical environment of the gold-bearing formations. The metallogenetic mechanism of the carbonaceous rock stratabound gold deposits of South China is closely associated in genesis with the sedimentation, diagenesis and thermal evolution history of the organic matter of host rocks in the gold-bearing formations.

  14. 新形势下的广西中小企业发展战略思考%A Strategic Thought on the Development of Guangxi's Small and Medium- Sized Enterprises under the New Circumstances

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阳正义; 蒋太才

    2005-01-01

    Compared with other large-scale enterprises, the small and medium-sized enterprises in Guangxi have both their own advantages and disadvantages and under the new circumstances those enterprises shall come across with more chances as well as threats. By means of SWOT analysis of their present special environment, the paper proposes the developmental strategy.

  15. 广西火龙果产业 SWOT 分析和发展对策%Pitaya Industry in Guangxi by SWOT Analysis and Its Strategies for Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王金乔; 张江周; 李宝深

    2016-01-01

    广西火龙果种植近10余年间发展很快,2013年种植面积达6700 hm2,已成为当地一项新兴农业产业。本文运用 SWOT 分析方法,分析广西火龙果产业发展的优势、劣势、机遇和挑战,为广西火龙果产业的发展战略提供对策和建议。%In the recent 10 years, pitaya plant has been developed rapidly in China, especially in Guangxi.In 2013, the planting area covers 6 700 hectares in Guangxi, and has become a emerging agricultural industry. In this paper, the SWOT analysis is used to analyze the internal and external environment of Guangxi, try to find out the advantages, disadvantage, opportunities and challenges in the production of pitaya, and will thus provide some suggestions for the development of pitaya in Guangxi.

  16. Excavation on the Neoli-thic Xiaojin Site in Ziyuan County, Guangxi%广西资源县晓锦新石器时代遗址发掘简报

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    广西壮族自治区文物工作队; 资源县文物管理所

    2004-01-01

    The Xiaojin site is an important Neolithic hill-slope site in northern Guangxi. Judging from the stratigraphical evidence and cultural relics revealed, its remains can be divided into three phases. The first and second phases are of the middle and late Neolithic Age, and the third corresponds to the ending period of Neolithic times, with the final stage maybe belonging to the Shang-Zhou period. The earlier two phases are basically the same in cultural aspect, and represent a new cultural type in northern Guangxi, which was distributed in the upper Zijiang River valley and can be named “Xiaojin culture.”The excavation of the site provides a new coordinate for establishing the temporal and spatial frame of the prehistoric Guangxi culture and important data for researching into the cultural relationship of northern Guangxi with the Dongting Lake area. In addition, the plenty of carbonized rice grains discovered on the site is of great significance to studying the origin of rice farming and the spread of rice-growing culture.

  17. On Guangxi's CO_2 Abatement by Using Catastrophe Progression Method and Scenario Analysis Method%基于突变级数法与情景分析法的广西CO_2减排研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒙瑞海

    2012-01-01

    Based on related indices from the year 1978 to 2009,using catastrophe progression method,Guangxi's CO2 emissions are analyzed and evaluated.By using scenario analysis method,the impact of different scenarios on Guangxi's CO2 emissions is analyzed,and Guangxi's CO2 emissions of year 2015 are forecasted under different scenarios,in order to make reasonable suggestions for Guangxi's CO2 abatement.%依据广西1978—2009年CO2排放的相关指标数据,采用突变级数法对广西1978—2009年CO2减排作出了相关分析评价.在此基础上,运用情景分析法预测不同情景下广西2015年CO2排放,分析不同情景选择对广西CO2排放的影响,以期为广西开展CO2减排提出合理化建议.

  18. Characteristics of Albaillella (Albaillellarian,Radiolarian) Fauna from Guadalupian to Lopingian Series in Permian,South China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Sun Dongying; Xia Wenchen

    2003-01-01

    On the basis of establishment of radiolarian biostratigraphy and conodont biostratigraphy,a radiolarian Albaillella fauna in the transitional environment from Guadalupian to Lopingian Series in Permian was found at a pelagic chert section in southeast Guangxi, South China. Radiolarian Aibaillella is one of the most sensitive biology to the transitional environment. The Albaillella fauna shows an ecological evolutionary process from Guadalupian to Lopingian: declined stage-recovery stage-flourishing stage. The study of characteristics of the Albaillella fauna in the transitional environment may provide more information, not only for the subdivision and correlation of a high-resolution biostratigraphy, but also for influence of radiolarian Albaillella fauna on the pre-Lopingian mass extinction.

  19. Financial Analysis and Strategic Choice for Guangxi Royal Dairy Co., Ltd%皇氏乳业财务状况分析及战略选择

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢欢

    2016-01-01

    With the development of society and economy environment, and the rapid development of private enterprises, private enterprises have now become an important force in China's economic and social development. Guangxi Royal Dairy Co., Ltd as the analytical object to research, by disclosed publicly the financial statements data, make a deep analysis for Guangxi Royal Dairy Co., Ltd.The implementation of specific measures in terms of marketing financial strategy has contributed to sustained and steady development of the company.%随着社会经济环境的变化,民营企业迅速发展,如今已经成为中国经济和社会发展的重要力量。选取民营上市公司皇氏乳业作为分析对象进行调查研究,通过皇氏乳业公开披露的财务报表数据进行深入分析,提出适合皇氏乳业未来发展的财务战略,从而有利于公司的持久稳步的发展。

  20. 荨麻鞣质的提取和含量测定%Extraction and Content Determination of Total Tannin from Guangxi Urtica Fissa E. Pritz

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑莹; 江培; 杜明伟; 高尚

    2014-01-01

    研究广西荨麻中鞣质的提取并测定其含量。采用超声波法提取广西荨麻的总鞣质,用络合滴定法测定其总鞣质的含量。最后结果为广西荨麻总鞣质的含量为0.1706%,RSD=2.34%(n=5)。说明采用超声法提取操作程序简便、迅速,络合滴定法含量测定方法安全可靠,准确度和精密度较高,可用于广西荨麻中总鞣质的提取及含量测定。%Study on extracting total tannin from Guangxi Urtica fissa E. Pritz. and determining the content of total tannin. It was adopted the optimum ultrasonic extraction technique to extract the total tannin from Urtica fissa E. Pritz. Complexime-try was applied to determine the content of total tannin. The final results is the content of total tannin was 0.1706%, RSD was 2.34%. It explains that ultrasonic extraction technique is simple and rapid, content determination of complexometric titration method is safe and reliable. The method was available for extraction and content determination of total tannin from Guangxi Urtica fissa E. Pritz.

  1. Epidemiological trends and characteristics of Japanese encephalitis changed based on the vaccination program between 1960 and 2013 in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, southern China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Yan; Liang, Nengxiu; Tan, Yi; Xie, Zhichun

    2016-04-01

    Japanese encephalitis (JE) is one of the most severe kinds of viral encephalitis and is prevalent in Asia and the Western Pacific. In China, JE was first reported in the 1940s and became the main cause of viral encephalitis, including in the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. In 1951, JE was included in the Chinese mandatory disease reporting system. In the pre-vaccine era of the 1960s and 1970s, the incidence of JE continued to rise without any vaccine supply. Since JE vaccines became available in the late 1970s (MBD) and 1989 (LAV-SA-14-14-2), and as JE vaccine became freely available to patients beginning in 2008, the incidence of JE has declined significantly. Despite these gains, outbreaks continue to occur among children in rural and suburban areas. Strengthening vaccine delivery models and improving swine vaccine production are important in order to sustain continuous declines in the incidence of JE in Guangxi. Copyright © 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.

  2. Study on the Intervention of Mediterranean Anemia in Guangxi Zhuang Region%广西壮族地区地中海贫血干预研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雷彩娜

    2015-01-01

    Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region is a high incidence of thalassemia, including severe Mediterranean anemia is one of the main birth defects in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, because the disease is the lack of effective treatment, so the prevention knowledge propaganda, make people aware of its harm, to cooperate fully with the implementation of the premarital and prenatal screening, prenatal diagnosis for high-risk groups, early let children with severe Mediterranean anemia of pregnancy termination of pregnancy, is effective to reduce the intervention of birth defects.%广西壮族地区是地中海贫血高发区,其中重型地中海贫血是广西壮族地区主要出生缺陷之一,因为该病目前缺少有效治疗方法,所以宣传预防知识,让人们认识到其危害性,充分配合实施婚前、产前筛查,发现高危群体后要做好产前诊断,一旦发现妊娠重型地中海贫血患儿的孕妇,及时做好干预措施,让其终止妊娠,最大限度减少出生缺陷患儿。

  3. 广西沿边特色经济带建设对策探究%On Building of Guangxi Country Border Economic Belt

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨军; 杨永忠; 黄艳

    2015-01-01

    广西沿边地区基础设施薄弱,投资环境差,发展滞后。要以沿边贸易合作深入发展为契机,适时调整边境地区经济政策,加快基础设施建设,对边境地区优势产业加大投入,营造良好的产业发展环境,加强干部教育培养,提高人才素质,为边境地区优势产业发展打下良好的基础。%All the time since, due to insufficient understanding of the border of Guangxi advantage and its strategic significance, coupled with a weak infrastructure, poor investment environment has led to the development of Guangxi border area lag. Next, should take the opportunity of the further development of border trade cooperation, timely adjustment of economic policies in the border area, accelerate infrastructure construction, to the advantage industry in border areas to increase investment, create a good environment for industrial development, strengthen the cadre education and training, improve the quality of talents, the good foundation for the advantages of industrial development in border area lay.

  4. 广西黑熊资源调查及保护对策%Black Bear (Selenarctos thibetanus) Resources and Conservation Strategies in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张伟; 莫运明; 罗宇; 周世初; 韦振逸

    2011-01-01

    The population size of Black Bear( Selenarctos thibetanus)was estimated based on interviews and the field survey from 2007 - 2008 in Guangxi. The Black Bear is restricted only to the north, northwest and southwest part of Guangxi mountains and forests with a population about 112 - 157 individuals. The available habitat size is estimated 5 629 km2. The resource of the Black Bear is in a much endangered state due to the habitat loss and abundant hunting.%2007-2008年采用样带法实地调查和分布区社会调查对广西的黑熊(Selenarctos thibetanus)资源进行调查.结果表明,广西的黑熊资源仅分布在桂北、桂西北和桂西南的部分山地林区,数量在112~157只左右,分布区面积约为5 629 km2.栖息地的丧失以及破碎化和大量的捕杀是野生黑熊资源长期生存的最大威胁.

  5. An Analysis of Profitability of Quoted Companies in Guangxi%广西上市公司盈利能力分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵和玉

    2012-01-01

    With the successful establishment of the CHINA-ARSEAN Free Trade Zone and the Beibu Gulf Economic Zone,the quoted companies in Guangxi are now enjoying very good developing opportunities.However,their business performance is not so good as it is expected.Profitability is one of the important parts to reflect a company's business performance.Analysis of the profitability quoted companies in Guangxi helps to find general situations and problems in regard of their profitability so as to come up with some ideas to help them increase profits,which will finally improve their profitability and competitiveness.%随着中国—东盟自由贸易区和北部湾经济区的相继建成,广西上市公司面临着良好的发展机遇,然而广西上市公司的经营业绩并不理想。盈利能力是反映公司经营业绩的重要方面,分析广西上市公司的盈利能力,可以发现各上市公司盈利能力的综合情况和存在的问题,给公司提供经营思路,最终提高广西上市公司的盈利能力,促进竞争力。

  6. 提升广西商贸物流发展的策略研究%Strategy for Improving Development of Guangxi Commercial Logistics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李建春

    2012-01-01

    Through dissecting the current status of the development of commercial logistics in Guangxi, we pointed out the main problems for the current stage, such as monotonous development objects, poor logistics infrastructure and low level of informatization, laws and regulations yet to be improved and lack of competitive capacity for the commercial logistics enterprises, and then further argued that in order to tap the potential of Guangxi commercial logistics market, we had to develop better commercial logistics products, cultivate more competent enterprises and strengthen policy support.%通过剖析广西商贸物流业的发展现状,指出广西商贸物流现阶段存在的主要问题,如商贸物流发展对象单一,物流基础设施和物流信息化水平不高,法律法规不健全,商贸物流企业竞争能力差等因素都制约着广西商贸物流的发展,并进一步指出,若要发展广西商贸物流就需要挖掘潜力市场,开发商贸物流产品,培育优秀企业,加大政策扶持力度.

  7. Mechanization Status of Large-scale Banana Plantations in Guangxi%广西规模化蕉园机械化现状分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    迟志广; 方昭; 林涛; 张江周; 李宝深

    2015-01-01

    以广西金穗农业集团有限公司旗下蕉园为例,分析广西规模化蕉园各生产环节的机械化现状以及折合用工量,计算出蕉园总机械化率为71.19%,总结阻碍实现全程机械化的限制因素主要为定植、喷药、追肥、植株护理等操作。建议应广泛借鉴国外先进管理技术,按照适地适栽的原则,重点开发定植、追肥、护果、植株护理等环节机械化。%Taking the banana plantation of Guangxi Jinsui Agriculture Group Co., Ltd as an example, we analyzed the status of mechanization and equivalent amount of labor in large-scale banana plantation of Guangxi. The results showed that the total mechanical rate was 71.14%and planting banana, spraying, top dressing and banana fruit management were the mainly limiting factors to achieve fully mechanization. It should be widely learn advanced foreign management techniques, following the principles of suitable land planted, developing the machinery of planting, fertilizer, fruit care, plant care and other aspects.

  8. Investigation and Identification of Sugarcane Diseases in Guangxi Province%广西甘蔗病害种类调查与鉴定

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    霍秀娟; 李朝生; 陆荣生

    2013-01-01

    2010~2012年采用定点踏查、普查和定时系统调查的方式对广西甘蔗病害种类进行了调查.结果表明,共鉴定出甘蔗病害21种,其中真菌病害15种,细菌病害1种,病毒病害2种,线虫病害3种;甘蔗鞭黑穗病、凤梨病、梢腐病、宿根矮化病和花叶病发生较普遍,是广西蔗区的主要病害.%An investigation on sugarcane diseases in Guangxi was conducted during 2010-2012 by on-the-spot survey,general survey,system investigation at fixed spot and time.The results showed that there are 21 species of sugarcane diseases in Guangxi Province,including 15 kinds of fungal diseases,1 kind of bacterial disease,2 kinds of virus diseases and 3 kinds of nematodes diseases.Ustilago scitaminea Sydow,Ceratocystis paradoxa (Dode)Moreau,Fusarium moniliforme Sheldeon,Clavibacter xyli subsp.Xyli Davis etc and Sugarcane mosaic virus were widely spread.

  9. A Preliminary Study on Caledonian Event in South China%华南加里东运动初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜远生; 徐亚军

    2012-01-01

    Caledonian Movement in South China, including Yunan, Beiliu(Chongyu) and Guangxi events, was an intracontinental orogeny, and was on impacted extensive area to the east and south of Jiangnan Uplift. The Caledonian structural zone in South China ranges in the direction of EW. Devonian strata overlie uncomfortably Cambrian strata in the southern of South China, from the western of Guangxi Province to the southern of Guangdong Province. Ordovician strata are uncomfortably overlain by the Devonian strata in the central of South China, from the eastern of Guangxi Province, central of Guangdong Province, western of Fujian Province to southern of Jiangxi and Hunan Provinces, so are Silurian strata in the area adjacent to "Jiangnan Uplift", from the central of Hunan Province to western of Zhejiang Province, However Silurian is overlain comfortably by the Devonian in the Qinfang Basin. Strata from Cambrian to Siluri-an belong to the flysh succession filled in the synorogenic basin, with basin's migration form south to north during the Early Paleozoic. Integrated the spread and provenance of basin, the mountain-basin pattern of "south mountain, north basin" is suggested, which is ascribed to the orogenic extrusion from south to north.%华南加里东运动包含了郁南运动、北流运动(崇余运动)和广西运动,具多幕陆内造山特点.其影响范围包括扬子板块东缘“江南隆起”以东、以南广大地区.华南加里东构造带总体呈东西向展布,南部桂西右江盆地—粤南地区泥盆系不整合于下伏的寒武系之上,中部桂东—粤中—闽西—赣南—湘南地区泥盆系不整合于奥陶系之上,靠近“江南隆起”的湘中—浙西地区泥盆系不整合于志留系之上,但钦防盆地志留系与泥盆系整合接触.寒武系—志留系为同造山盆地的复理石沉积.从寒武纪—志留纪同造山盆地由南向北迁移,盆地展布、物源供给等显示“南山北盆”

  10. 南海北部湾2012年捕捞产量估算%Evaluation of catch in Beibu Gulf of South China Sea in 2012

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹建伟; 林丕文; 王强哲

    2013-01-01

    南海北部湾是广西、广东和海南三省区渔民的传统重要渔场之一,准确掌握北部湾捕捞产量对于搞好北部湾渔业生产管理意义重大.文章采用2012年南海捕捞信息动态采集网络的广西渔船生产数据,参考广西相关渔业调查资料,分别推算2012年广西拖网、围网、刺网、钓具、定置网和其他杂渔具在北部湾的捕捞产量,统计广西全年在北部湾的捕捞产量为39.2×104 t,进而推算中国渔船2012年在北部湾的产量为65.7×104t.在此基础上,再采用相关文献中有关越南渔船在北部湾的产量,估算2012年北部湾的捕捞产量约为85.7×104t.%Beibu Gulf has been a traditional and important fishing ground for fishermen from Guangxi,Guangdong and Hainan ; therefore,it is significant to evaluate the catch for fishery management and sustainable development in Beibu Gulf.Based on Collecting System of Fishery Information from South China Sea in 2012 and related data and research of catch in Guangxi,we reckoned the catch of various fishing instruments of Guangxi,including trawling,purse seine,gill net,hooking,set net,etc.Then we estimated that catch of Guangxi Province in Beibu Gulf in 2012 is about 392 000 tons,and that catch of China in Beibu Gulf is about 657 000 tons.Adding relative record catch of Vietnam in Beibu Gulf,we estimated the total catch,which is 857 000 tons.

  11. 广西老虎跳自然保护区爬行动物多样性调查%Investigation of the Reptiles diversity in Laohutiao Nature Reserve in Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾小飚; 蒋才云; 苏仕林; 黄珂

    2015-01-01

    于2007年7月、2012年7月,采用样线调查与访问调查相结合的方法对广西老虎跳自然保护区爬行动物进行专项调查。结果表明:该保护区爬行动物多样性较为丰富,现已记录爬行动物39种,隶属1目9科30属。其中,东洋界种类有38种,广布种1种,无古北界物种分布,反映出典型的华南区动物区系特征。优势科为游蛇科,优势种有中国壁虎、变色树蜥、铜蜓蜥、南草蜥、渔游蛇、草腹链蛇6种。并分析了爬行动物资源现状,且提出保护建议。%The reptile resources in Laohutiao Nature Reserve in Guangxi were investigated by means of combining methods of line in -vestigation and interview investigation in July 2007 and July 2012.The results showed that the species diversity of reptiles in Lao-hutiao Nature Reserve was rich.There were 39 reptiles species belonging to 30 genera,9 families,1 order;and that of the 39 species, 38 belong to the Oriental realm and 1 belong to the widespread ones ,with no species to the Palaearctic realm.The fauna characteris-tics of reptiles appeared South China Region.Colubridae was dominant group.The species with quantity dominance are Gekko chinensis,Calotes versicolor ,Sphenomorphus indicus ,Takydromus sexlinearus ,Xenochrophis piscator ,Amphiesma stolata.According to the results of the surveys ,the status of reptile resources was discussed and some protective suggestions were provided .

  12. 广西猫儿山地区鸟类组成及垂直分布格局%Species Composition and Vertical Distribution Pattern of the Birds in Mao' ershan Region, Northeastern Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    粟通萍; 王绍能; 蒋爱伍

    2012-01-01

    猫儿山是华南地区的最高峰,为了了解其鸟类随着海拔高度变化的规律,利用网捕法和样线法对猫儿山地区的鸟类组成及分布格局进行了研究.结果表明,猫儿山地区共有鸟类268种,隶属于16目51科,其中留鸟130种,夏候鸟51种,冬候鸟15种,旅鸟72种.依据不同海拔的典型植被类型把猫儿山地区分成7类生境,其中低海拔的农田生境鸟类多样性最丰富,有156种.随着海拔的升高,猫儿山鸟类种数逐渐减少,G-F指数也表现相似的规律.猫儿山鸟类在区系组成上主要以东洋界鸟类为主,在181种繁殖鸟中,东洋界鸟类有149种,古北界鸟类有15种,其余为广布种.随着海拔的升高,东洋界的鸟类所占的比例逐渐降低,而古北界的鸟类所占的比例逐渐升高.猫儿山鸟类组成的垂直分布格局的形成是多种因素共同作用的结果.%A study of the bird composition and distribution patterns was conducted in Mao' ershan region, South China's highest peak, Northeastern Guangxi. Total of 268 bird species representing 51 families and 16 orders were recorded, including 130 residents, 51 summer migrant, 15 winter migrant and 72 passing birds. Based on elevation and vegetation, 7 types of habitat were categorized in this study. The most richness of bird species (156) was occurred farmland in lowland 2 000 m). G-F index decrease with the increase of altitude and reaches the minimum in the peak of mountain. Of 181 breeding birds, 149 Oriental birds, 15 Palearctic birds and 17 widely distributed birds, inhabit different altitudinal gradient. The proportion of Oriental birds decreases and Palearctic birds increases with altitude increase. The vertical distribution pattern of bird is determined by several ecological factors in the study area.

  13. SO-CALLED MIDDLE TRIASSIC "CLARAIA" (BIVALVIA) FROM GUANGXI, SOUTH CHINA%广西中三叠世的"克氏蛤"之订正

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈金华; 小松俊文

    2002-01-01

    描述报道广西中三叠世地层中一类形态相似于克氏蛤(Claraia)的双壳纲化石,经研究,发现海扇科的关键特征丝梳,认为不属于克氏蛤,而可能是Periclaraia属的一个新种;并初步探讨化石层的生态环境,认为可能是相对隔离的盆地中央区.新种是由海扇类进入隔离环境后经特化形成的;新种与克氏蛤的表面相似性是生活习性的相似性导致的形态趋同现象.

  14. 广西植被类型及其分类系统%Types of Vegetation and Its Classified System in Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    温远光; 严理; 李治基; 李信贤; 朱宏光; 梁宏温; 和太平; 庄嘉; 罗应华; 吴庆标

    2014-01-01

    [Objective]Vegetation is the most sensitive factor of the local natural biogeography on the Earth,and play an important role in maintaining human being sustainable development and mitigating climate change.The obj ective of this paper was to introtduce systematically the types of vegetation in Guangxi and its classified system and to provide basic data for protection, research and uses of the vegetation.[Methods]Based on the classification principle,unit and sys-tem of China vegetation,the data that included both publications recording the types of Guan-gxi vegetations and authors'vegetation investigation in Guangxi since 1950 were gathered and sorted out.And then two classification systems were drawn up for natural and artificial vegeta-tions of Guangxi.[Results]The natural vegetation in Guangxi could be divided into 4 classes of vegetation type,26 groups of vegetation type,and 722 formations.The artificial vegetation in Guangxi could be divided into 5 vegetation types, 20 vegetation subtypes, and 298 formations.Among 722 formations of natural vegetation,the type numbers of forest,bamboo forest,shrub,herb and hydrovegetation account for 63%,4%,10%,6% and 17%,respectively. Among 2 9 8 formations of artificial vegetation, the type numbers of timber forest,economic frult and tree forest,urban forest vegetation,crop vegetation and artificial paludal and hydric vegetation account for 28%,20%,29%,17% and 6%,respectively.[Conclusion]Guangxi is one of the most rich regions of vegetation types in China with 1020 formations,and has an impor-tant position in the protection,research and uses of vegetation in China.%【目的】植被是地球上最为敏感的自然地理环境要素,在减缓气候变化和实现人类可持续发展中具有无法替代的作用。本文全面、系统地介绍广西植被类型及其分类系统,为植被保护、研究和利用提供基础资料。【方法】通过对已发表记载有广西植被类型以及作者近60年来对广西

  15. [Environmental factors on distribution of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in soils from Dashiwei karst giant doline (Tiankeng) in Guangxi, China].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kong, Xiang-Sheng; Qi, Shi-Hua; Jiang, Zhong-Cheng; Huang, Bao-Jian

    2012-11-01

    With typical Dashiwei karst great doline (Tiankeng) located in Leye county, Guangxi in China as study area, the soil samples of different karst topography were collected and analyzed utilizing GC-MS for the 16 PAHs. Environmental factors were observed by weather instrument. The results showed that the total PAHs concentration in soils of the ground (the positive landform) of Dashiwei great doline ranged from 75.20 ng x g(-1) to 373.79 ng x g(-1), with an average of 120.70 ng x g(-1). In Dashwei great doline (the negative landform), the total PAHs concentration in soils of cliff ranged from 19.88 ng x g(-1) to 330.79 ng x g(-1), with an average of 131.86 ng x g(-1); the concentration of the bottom section ranged from 127.48 ng x g(-1) to 661.62 ng x g(-1), with an average of 395.22 ng x g(-1); and the concentration of the underground river ranged from 1132.11 ng x g(-1) to 1 749.95 ng x g(-1), with an average of 1412.39 ng x g(-1). The PAHs compounds were mainly 4-6 rings PAH. The primary sources of PAHs were pyrogenic sources. The pollution approaches were mainly atmospheric transportation and deposition. As a whole, the spatial distribution of PAHs in soils in Dashiwei doline gradually increased from the surface-the cliff-the bottom-the underground river with the increase of temperature and relative humidity. Accumulation and differentiation of PAHs in a vertical way were showed by "coal trap effect". Environmental factors influencing the distribution of PAHs in soils were majorly temperature, followed by humidity, wind direction and wind speed, and in some parts multi environmental factors worked together. The effect of the environmental factors was bigger in summer than in winter. Monitoring of PAHs discovered that the total PAHs concentration in soils of the bottom was 3.5 times higher in 2007 than in 2006. As a consequence, this study suggested that the accumulation and differentiation of karst doline was related with these important environmental factors.

  16. [Contamination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in surface water in underground river of Dashiwei Tiankeng group in karst area, Guangxi].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kong, Xiang-Sheng; Qi, Shi-Hua; Oramah, I T; Zhang, Yuan; He, Shi-Yi

    2011-04-01

    In order to understand the composition, sources and contamination characteristics of PAHs in water from underground river of Dashiwei Tiankeng group in typical karst area located in Leye County, Guangxi. The water samples were collected from different sections to analyze 16 priority polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons using GC-MS. The results showed that concentration of Sigma PAHs (the total PAHs) in water ranges from 54.7 ng/L to 192.0 ng/L, with an average concentration of 102.3 ng/L. The predominant PAHs in water are 2-3 ring PAHs, accounting for 65.1% of PAHs. The distribution of PAHs in water sampled along the underground river indicates that the mean concentration of PAHs in upstream area is higher than that of downstream because of wastewater discharge. Meanwhile, the underground river has some adsorption effect to 4-6 ring PAHs. The concentration of Sigma PAHs at Dashiwei Tiankeng section increases 93.8% attribute to the release of PAHs coming from Karst environmental medium and/or atmospheric transmission in underground river system. However, the concentration of Sigma PAHs at the confluence section of the tributary of Dashiwei Tiankeng is 47.3% less than that of the first upstream section duo to dilution. The concentration of Sigma PAHs at Bailang outlet section is 128.3% and 17.8% higher than that of flow-in section and Dashiwei Tiankeng section respectively. The ratios of specific PAHs indicate that the PAH sources in Leye County and Dashiwei Tiankeng areas mainly come from both petroleum and its combustion. However, the petroleum origin comes from anthropogenic inputs in town and the natural inputs in Dashiwei Tiankeng. The PAH sources in rural areas are mainly originating from the combustion of grass, wood and coal. Comparison to other areas in the world, the Sigma PAHs residual levels in underground river water in Dashiwei Tiankeng group is at the low level. In six sections, concentrations of benzo[a]pyrene (BaP) in surface water exceed the state

  17. Overview on species of foodborne parasitic diseases in Guangxi province%广西食源性寄生虫种类及流行概况

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    毛玮; 林康明; 黎军; 韦海艳; 吴钦华; 黄亚铭

    2013-01-01

    Objective To understand the species of foodborne parasitic diseases and the relationship with zoonosis and natural focal disease,and provide a scientific basis for prevention and treatment of foodborne parasitic diseases.Methods Human parasite species data found in the province over the years were collected for classification statistics.Results A total of 56 species of human parasite species were found in Guangxi province,accounting for 23.43% Chinese human parasites species (56/239).Among the 56 species,47 species were foodborne parasites which accounted for 83.93% (47/56).Among the 47 foodborne parasites,85.11% (40/47) were zoonotic and 74.47% (35/47) were both foodborne,zoonotic and natural focal parasites.There were 28 species of common foodborne parasitic diseases still endemic in Guangxi.Conclusion Guangxi province was one of provinces which had many human parasite species and foodborne parasite species,the task of prevention of foodborne parasitic disease was arduous.%目的 了解广西食源性寄生虫的种类及其所致疾病与人兽共患病、自然疫源性疾病的关系,为食源性寄生虫疾病的防治提供科学依据.方法 收集广西历年所发现的人体寄生虫种类资料,进行分类统计.结果 广西境内发现人体寄生虫56种,占我国人体寄生虫总数的23.43%(56/239),其中食源性寄生虫47种,占83.93%(47/56);在47种食源性寄生虫中有85.11% (40/47)属人兽共患寄生虫,有74.47%(35/47)同属于食源性、人兽共患和自然疫源性寄生虫.广西目前仍有28种常见的食源性寄生虫病流行.结论 广西属于我国人体寄生虫种类及食源性寄生虫种类较多的省份之一,预防食源性寄生虫病的任务艰巨.

  18. Genotypes of hantanvirus in north areas of Guangxi%广西北部地区汉坦病毒基因型研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闭福银; 谭毅; 莫建军; 谢镇国; 陈敏玫

    2016-01-01

    Objective To investigate the genetypes and sub-genetypes of hantavirus in the north areas of Guangxi. Methods Hantavirus in the lung tissues of wild rats was identified by RT-PCR,and the complete S and pairtial M segments of positive samples were amplified with RT-PCR and sequenced. Phylogenetic analysis was used for genotyping. Results Three hundred and fifty-six specimens of rat lung tissues were collected in 2011, and 12 were positive with RT-PCR testing . The homology of complete S segments with other hantavirus SEOV and HTNV clades were 86.6%~88.9% and 73.5%~74.0%,respectively.Phylogenetic analysis of pairtial M segments showed that hantaviruses in north Guangxi was SEOV ,and the sub-genotype was S6. Conclusion The genotype of hantaviruses in north Guangxi was SEOV,and the sub-genotype was S6.%目的:查明广西北部地区汉坦病毒的基因型及其基因亚型。方法用RT-PCR方法检测鼠肺中的汉坦病毒并对M和S片段进行扩增和测序。下载已知毒株序列并进行比较,以明确其基因型及其亚型。结果2011年采集宿主动物肺组织标本356份,RT-PCR 检测阳性12份。S 片段与汉城型汉坦病毒(SEOV)的同源性较高,在86.6%~88.9%之间,与汉滩型汉坦病毒(HTNV)的同源性较低,在73.5%~74.0%之间。系统进化分析显示属于汉城型汉坦病毒的S6亚型。结论广西北部地区汉坦病毒基因型为汉城型汉坦病毒S6亚型。

  19. 23个广西本地芒果品种的ISSR分析%Genetic Analysis of 23 Mango Cultivar Collection in Guangxi Province Revealed by ISSR

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何新华; 李杨瑞; 郭永泽; 唐志鹏; 李容柏

    2005-01-01

    本研究对23个分别来自广西本地品种或广西选育的品种进行了SSR分析,并用15个芒果栽培品种印度(4个品种)、美国(3个品种)、缅甸(3个品种)、泰国(2个品种)及菲律宾、巴基斯坦和斯里兰卡(各1个品种)和2个芒果近源种冬芒(1个)和扁桃(1个)作为参照.从42个ISSR引物中筛选出9个多态性好的引物构建DNA指纹图谱来鉴别芒果的基因型.根据这9个引物获得的电泳图谱结果表明,本研究中所有供试品种能互相区分开来并表现出丰富的遗传多样性,说明ISSR是一种鉴定芒果品种(系)非常有效的方法.用74条多态性条带聚类分析作图发现所有供试的广西品种与秋芒、马切苏芒、象牙芒和爱文芒归为一个大类,而且广西本地芒果品种之间的亲缘关系较近.%Twenty-three mango cultivars (Mangifera indica Linn) collecting in Guangxi province were examined by ISSR markers and two species relatives M. himalis J.Y. Liang and M. persiciformis Wu & Ming, other 15mango cultivars from India (4), USA (3), Burma (3), Thailand (2), Philippines (1), Pakistan (1) and Sir Lanka (1)used as references. Of the 42 primers screened, 9 primers gave reproducible, polymorphic DNA amplification patterns, and were selected to construct a DNA fingerprinting map to distinguish the genotypes of mango. According to the banding patternsobtained with 9 selected primers, all cultivars tested in this study were distinguished from each other and showed ample genetic diversity, indicating that ISSR-PCR was an effective method for cultivar identification of mangoes. Based on 74 selected bands, all Guangxi mango cultivars tested were clustered into a big group with Neelum, Macheso, Aroemwnis, and Irwin by UPGMA analysis, indicating that Guangxi mango cultivars had a close relationship each other.

  20. Status of malaria prevalence and control in Guangxi,China.%广西疟疾流行与防治状况

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李锦辉

    2011-01-01

    Before campaign against malaria in the whole Guangxi region in early 19950s,Ptasmodium vaviax malaria, Plasmodium fadciparum malaria and malariae malaria were prevalent in all the 82 counties/cities. In 1954 malaria incidence was 296.67/100 000 population and a fatality of 14/100 000 population. The number of malaria cases accounted for 70% with Malaria diseases had been covered throughout eighty -two towns and counties in Guangxi , before controlling malaria , Ptasmodium vaviax,Plasmodium fakip arum and Plasmodium malariae and so on . Malaria morbidity rate was 296.67/10 000 and death rate was 1.4/ ten thousand in 1954. Malaria cases covered 70% of the infectious diseases. After adopting vigorous measures and repeatedly controlling, Annual malaria morbidity rate dropped down below 1/10 000 in 1987-1999 and 1/100 000 in 2000-2010. P.falciparum cases had't been found spreading in local areas in 2003-2010.This report sum up malaris epidemiology and control progress in Guangxi after liberation .%广西开展全区性疟疾防治以前,有间日疟、恶性疟和三日疟等三种疟疾流行,遍布全自治区82个市县,1954年疟疾发病率296.67/万,死亡率1.4/10万,疟疾病人数占法定传染病总人数70%.经过多年积极防治,反复斗争,1987~1999年全自治区疟疾发病率控制在1/万以下,2000~2010年发病率控制在1/10万以下,2003~2010年未发现本地传播的恶性疟.本文综述新中国成立以来广西疟疾流行与防治进展.

  1. South Atlantic Shrimp System

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The SEFSC, in cooperation with the South Atlantic states, collects South Atlantic shrimp data from dealers and fishermen. These data are collected to provide catch,...

  2. South African School Geography:

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Lorraine Innes

    The Geo-information industry in South Africa has grown rapidly, as it has in other countries. We are in the early phase of Geographic Information System (GIS) development in South Africa, ... programmes offering geospatial technologies.

  3. Unemployment in South Africa

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Chris

    The spatial understanding of unemployment in South Africa is often limited to ... decade in order to generate sustainable growth and maintain social cohesion. ... from Statistics South Africa (Stats SA) was released electronically and can be ...

  4. South China Sea Challenge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    China's attempts to solve disputes with ASEAN over the South China Sea help regional peace China's marine economy and security are currently faced with new challenges, requiring careful handling, especially in disputes with ASEAN countries and in promoting common development of the South China Sea. The outcome of how this is dealt with could undoubtedly pave the way for solutions to other oceanic disputes. The South China Sea is located south of

  5. Nuclear South Asia

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    nuclear equation in South Asia, the geopolitical and geoeconomic realities will keep China out of the South Asian nuclear picture. As Pakistan...remain unipolar for quite some time with the United States as the global superpower. There is predominance of geoeconomics as against geopolitical...to drag China into the nuclear equation in South Asia, the geopolitical and geoeconomic realities will likely keep China out of the South Asian

  6. New South, Old Challenges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gibbs, Robert

    2001-01-01

    The South's recent rapid growth has not erased its widespread poverty and low levels of human capital. The rural South remains the nation's low-income and high-poverty region, and low education levels may limit the rural South's prospects for development. Underlying social and economic conditions that depend on and reinforce a low-skill population…

  7. 广西北海市区白话同音字汇%The Homophony Syllabary of Beihai Cantonese in Urban District in Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李金阳

    2012-01-01

    市区白话是北海市区的代表方言,属于粤方言钦廉片。市区白话有声母22个,韵母48个,声调8个。文章描写了北海市区白话的语音,主要内容包括音系及语音特点,同音字汇收字4 000余个。%Beihai Cantonese is subordinate to Yue (粤)dialect. Beihai Cantonese has 22 initials ,48 finals and 8 tones. The paper describes the phonological system, phonetic features and the homophony syllabary of Beihai Cantonese in urban district,Guangxi Autonomous Region.

  8. PALAEOEROSION SEDIMENTARY DISCONTINUITY TYPE GOLD DEPOSIT OF WESTERN GUANGXI%桂西古侵蚀沉积间断面型金矿床(续载)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈开礼

    2001-01-01

    Palaeoerosion sedimentary discontinuity type gold deposit ismajor type gold deposit of western Guangxi. The metallogenic geological condition of this type gold deposit are analyzed, the genesis and metallogenic mechanism are also discussed, the author thinks this type gold ore mining and semlt easy, there are remarkable economic results, and the author proposes that the devolop capability should build up.%古侵蚀沉积间断面型金矿是桂西的主要金矿床类型。文章着重分析该类型金矿成矿地质条件,论述矿床成因及成矿机理,认为此类型金矿易采易冶,经济效益显著,建议加大开发力度。

  9. Innovation Exploration on Settlement of Dong Minority in Guangxi%广西侗族聚落的创新探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱涛

    2013-01-01

    Nowadays many settlements of original ecology are damaged to different extents and the traditional regional features are steadily disappearing, so urbanization characters are influenced to some extent. The exploration on the cultural connotation and technical essence of the settlements of Dong minority in Guangxi is aimed at strengthening the protection,development and innovation of the settlements of Dong minority.%现在许多原生态的聚落遭到不同程度的损毁,城乡风貌日渐趋同,传统的地域个性逐渐淡化,一定程度上影响了城镇化的特色。该文通过探索广西侗族聚落的文化内涵和技术本质,旨在推动侗族聚落的保护、发展与创新。

  10. Pb, Cu botanogeochemical anomalies and toxic effects on plant cells in Pb-Zn (Sn) ore fields, Northeast Guangxi Autonomous Region, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SONG Ci'an; LEI Liangqi; YANG Qijun

    2007-01-01

    In the Lingchuan-Daoping and Xinglu Pb-Zn ore fields in northern and eastern Guangxi Autonomous Region, Pb, Cu botanogeochemical anomalies may be ascribed to the excessive amounts of Pb and Cu taken up by the root system of plants, such as China fir (Cunninghamia lanceolata Lamb. Hook), mason pine (Pinus massoniana Lamb.) and bracken fern (Pteridium aquilinum var. latiusculum). Under transmission electron microscope (TEM), the excess Pb, Cu in the leaf cells of the plants are present as high electron-density substances, which were precipitated in the leaf cells, causing phytotoxic effects by deforming and injuring cellular tissues. The sorts of toxic elements accumulating in the leaf cells are consistent with those of the botanogeochemically anomalous elements in the polluted soil where the plants grow. In addition, the plants may also be capable of resisting the invasion of excess Cu (and Pb) .

  11. Epidemiological characteristics of malaria in Guangxi province in 2011%广西2011年疟疾流行状况分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黎军; 毛玮; 林康明; 覃业新; 郭传坤; 李锦辉; 黄亚铭

    2012-01-01

    目的 分析2011年广西疟疾流行特征,为广西消除疟疾行动计划提供科学依据.方法 对广西2011年网报系统数据及各市县监测数据收集整理并采用SPSS统计软件进行统计分析.结果 2011年全年广西境内发现疟疾病人共112例,分布在全区的8个市和13个县,占全区总人口的25.26%.除1例疟疾患者来自安徽外,其他均为外出回归人员,其中在非洲感染的有71例,来自14个国家,在东南亚国家感染的有40例,来自5个国家.感染人类的四种疟原虫病例均已发现,其中恶性疟病例占总病例的56.25%.全年各月均发现有疟疾病例,分别于5月和11月出现高峰.全年疟疾死亡病例1例.人群发病率0.21/10万.结论 2011年广西疟疾病例均为流动人口病例,与2010年相比增加69.70%,全区无继发疟疾病例及本地感染病例发现.%Objective To understand the characteristics of malaria epidemic in Guangxi in 2010 and to provide scientific for elimination of malaria. Methods The data of malaria monitoring in each county and city in Guangxi in 2011 were collected from the direct online reporting system and analyzed with SPSS statistical software. Results Totally 112 malaria cases were detected in 8 cities and 13 counties convering 25.26% of the total population in Guangxi. All the 11 cases were returned outside of Guangxi except a vivax malaria cases was from Anhui province. And among them, 71 cases were infected in 14 countries in Africa, 40 cases were infected in 5 countries in Southeast Asia. The four species of malaria parasites were detected. Falciparum malria cases accounted for 56.25%. malaria cases were found in each month of the year and the peak concentrated on May and November. One falciparum malaria case died and the incidence was 0.21/100 000. Conclusion All the malaria cases were detected among floating population with an increase of by 58.93% compared to 2010, and no secondary cases and local infections were found.

  12. 广西市县决策业务服务平台%Decision Business Services Platform of City and County Level in Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黎惠金; 覃昌柳

    2012-01-01

    运用VB强大的语言功能以及Surfer绘图软件、Jmail邮件免费服务器、Web网页编程技术,创建了一个集服务材料制作、雨量图绘制、服务材料入库与查询、服务材料邮件群发以及服务材料用语库等多功能的广西市县决策业务服务平台。%Basing on VB and Surfer software, Jmail mail free decision business services platform of city and county level in server and Web page programming techniques, the Guangxi was build. It has such functions as service material making, rainfall mapping, service material storage and query, service material mail listscrv and service material terms library.

  13. Neolithic Site at Gexinqiao in Baise City,Guangxi%广西百色市革新桥新石器时代遗址

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    广西壮族自治区文物工作队

    2003-01-01

    In October 2002,the Archaeological Team of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region carried out a rescuing excavation on the Gexinqiao site in Baise City.In the fifth layer of the site,they discovered a large-sized stone implement workshop,which yielded tens of thousands of stone artifacts and other objects.There are a great amount of stone material,tool-making implements such as stone hammers,anvils and whetstones,as well as axes,adzes and other products at different working stages.The site can be preliminarily dated to the middle and late Neolithic Age,about 7th-6th millennium BP.The discovery is of great academic value to studying stone-working processes and technology at that time.

  14. 广西农作物种业创新现状与发展对策%Status of crop seed innovation in Guangxi and development strategies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韦昌联

    2013-01-01

    [目的]种业发展事关粮食安全、农业持续发展,探索加快广西种业创新之路旨在为政府决策提供参考.[方法]通过调研等方式广泛收集材料,分析广西种业创新的现状及存在问题,结合政策要求和区情实际,提出了广西种业创新的发展对策及建议.[结果]广西种业市场空间广阔、科研实力增强、育种创新成果丰硕、品种引进筛选成绩突出、基础设施不断完善、供种能力明显提升.目前还存在种业科技创新能力不足、科技研发基础薄弱、育种技术手段落后、种业服务体系建设滞后、重大突破性的品种少、科技成果转化困难、人才队伍不稳定等突出问题.[建议]提高广西种业创新能力,必须做好引导服务、推进“科企”合作、重视人才培养、加快良种培育中心等创新平台建设、完善种业科技服务体系、大力推进商业化育种、扶持并壮大种业企业.%[Objective]Seed industry development matters to food safety and sustainable agricultural development.The facilitating seed industry innovation in Guangxi was to provide references for government decision-making.[Method]Based on investigation materials,the status and problem of seed industry innovation in Guangxi were analyzed to put forward corresponding strategies and suggestions targeting policy demands and local reality.[Result]Though seed industry in Guangxi enjoyed large market,improved scientific power,fruitful innovative breeding products,remarkable selection results,better infrastructure and strengthened seed supply ability,there were a slew of problems including inadequate innovation,poor scientific research and development foundation,backward breeding technology,lagged service system for seed industry,insufficient outstanding varieties,difficult scientific result transformation,and unstable work teams.[Suggestion]To improve innovation power in Guangxi seed industry and help develop enterprises in this

  15. High Yield Cultivation Techniques of Cherry Tomato in Guangxi%广西樱桃番茄高产栽培技术探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    Cherry tomatoes were the leading industry in Tianyang of Guangxi. The high yield cultivation techniques were summarized from the following aspects , including varieties selection, breeding strong seedlings, intensive cultivation and strengthening base fertilizers, timely planting, scientific field management, making frames for the climbing, pollination, control of diseases and pests, and so on. The results provided technical information for production of cherry tomatoes.%樱桃番茄是广西田阳的主导产业。从品种选择、培育壮苗、精耕细作、重施基肥、定植、田间水肥管理、及时插杆整枝、点花授粉及病虫害防治等几个方面总结了樱桃番茄超高产栽培技术,为生产提供了技术参考。

  16. The Influence of Folk Literature on Guangxi Literature%民族民间文学对广西文学创作的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘丽琼

    2015-01-01

    Folk Literature has a profound effect on Guangxi literature, which is reflected not only in the subject matter and the ideological content, but also in the genre style, techniques of expression and the use of language and other artistic forms. Under the influence of folk literature, many works of Guangxi’s writers have strong ethnic characteristics of folk literature.%民族民间文学对广西文学创作具有深远的影响,既体现在题材和思想内容上,也体现在体裁样式、表现手法和语言运用等艺术形式上。在民族民间文学的影响下,广西不少作家的创作具有浓郁的民族民间文学特色。

  17. Eastern Han Tombs at Ma'anling in Guigang City, Guangxi%广西贵港市马鞍岭东汉墓

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    广西壮族自治区文物工作队

    2002-01-01

    In December 1996-January 1997, three Eastern Han tombs at Ma'anling in Guigang City were excavated by the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Archaeological Team. Tomb M1 is a wooden-chambered rectangular earth shaft, M2 has a similar pit but no chamber, M3 is paved with bricks on the bottom, and each of them has a slanting tomb-passage. Among the funeral objects pottery vessels come first in number, bronzes next, and then some irons, silver articles and other artifacts. The pottery belongs mainly to the ding tripod, jar, pot, vase, gui food container, lian toilet box, bowl, hill incense burner, lamp, and house, well, granary and kitchen range molds; and the bronzes, to the bowl, dish, mirror and belt hook.

  18. 2013年广西血液净化治疗基础现状调查%Survey on current situation of blood purification in Guangxi,2013

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾春; 叶琨; 彭小梅; 黄玲; 吴潮清; 唐业莹

    2015-01-01

    Objective To investigate the current situation of blood purification in Guangxi.Methods A survey on the current situation of blood purification was conducted in 115 qualified hospitals in 14 cities in Guangxi,concerning the numbers of machines,doctors,nurses and technicians as well as the overall cases of blood purification therapy, hemodialysis cases, hemofiltration cases, hemoperfusion cases, plasma exchange cases,continuous blood purification cases and adverse reactions cases in 2013.Results There were 1 745 blood purification machines, 348 doctors,828 nurses and 110 technicians with the qualification for blood purification therapy in Guangxi.There were 928 155 case times of blood purification therapy,855 154 case times of hemodialysis,36 959 case times of hemofiltration,24 714 case times of hemoperfusion,1 306 case times of plasma exchange,10 022 case times of continuous blood purification and 11 097 case times of adverse reactions in 2013.Conclusion The number of blood purification machines matches the ratio of doctors to nurses in Guangxi.The therapy models are mainly hemodialysis, hemofiltration and hemoperfusion.The strengthened surveillance on the adverse reactions is needed.%目的:了解广西血液净化基础现状。方法对广西14个地市115家具备血液净化准入资质的医院进行血液净化基础现状调查,内容包括机器、医生、护师、技师数量,2013年全年开展血液净化治疗的总例次及血液透析、血液透析滤过、血液灌流、血浆置换、连续性血液净化的例次,不良反应发生例次。结果广西拥有血液净化机器1745台,具备血液净化诊疗资质的医生348名,护士828名,技师110名。2013年开展血液净化治疗的总例次为928155例次,血液透析855154例次、血液透析滤过36959例次、血液灌流24714例次、血浆置换1306例次、连续性血液净化10022例次,不良反应发生11097例次。结论广西血液净化诊疗机器设备

  19. 2013年广西疟疾流行状况分析%Analysis of malaria epidemic situation in Guangxi in 2013

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韦树娇; 黎军; 林康明; 李锦辉; 郭传坤; 黄亚

    2015-01-01

    Objective To analyze malaria epidemic situation in Guangxi in 2013 to provide a reference for future malaria control.Methods The annual reports of malaria outbreaks and cases of malaria survey in all cities and counties of Guangxi in 2013 were collected and analyzed using the Excel 2003.then the source and the distribution of malaria incidence as well as the plasmodium species at various cities of the province were determined.Results In 2013,no local malaria cases were found in Guangxi,however a total of 1 251 cases of malaria was reported,compared with 220 cases in 2012 the annual malaria cases rose 468.64%,all the malaria cases were the local residents returning from 16 countries in Africa and 4 countries in Southeast Asia with malaria infection and distributed in 49 cities and counties (region) in the province.96.88% (1 212/1 251) of malaria cases were infected in Africa among which Plasmodium falciparum cases were accounted for 88.25%(1 104/1 251).The number of cases from June to July were accounted for 68.91%(862/1 251) of the total annual.The three severe malaria cases were cured after the rescue therapy.After the active prevention and control,no secondary infection of malaria cases found in Guangxi in 2013.Conclusion Due to the short period of migrant workers returning from Africa,a large number of returnees caused a sharp increase of malaria cases in the province,and the main species was Plasmodium falciparum.%目的 分析广西地区2013年疟疾流行状况,为今后的疟疾防制方案的调整提供参考依据. 方法 收集全区各市县(区)全年疟疾疫情报告及疟疾个案调查资料,采用Excel 2003进行统计分析,确定全区疟疾病例的来源分布及各市发病率和感染的疟原虫种类等情况. 结果 2013年广西共报告疟疾疫情1 251例,比2012年全年220例疟疾病例上升了468.64%;全年无内源性疟疾病例,报告的疟疾病例均为本地居民到非洲的16个国家及东南亚的4

  20. 发展广西区域特色的节能自动化住宅%Development of energy-saving home automation with Guangxi regional characteristics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    伍彬

    2013-01-01

    This article combine the theory and practice of the smart home market conditions,introduce the key technologies of the smart home and home automation.Explore the status and prospects of the development of the smart home, analyze the building automation market and put forward the idea of development of Guangxi province local energy-saving automation residential market.%  结合理论与实际,针对智能家居市场状况,介绍了智能家居与住宅自动化的关键技术,探讨智能家居的发展状况与前景,分析楼宇自动化的市场情况,并提出发展广西本地节能自动化住宅市场的设想。

  1. Heavy Metal Contamination in Soils and Phytoaccumulation in a Manganese Mine Wasteland, South China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.S. Li

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Heavy metal contamination of minesoils is a widespread problem in China. In Pingle manganese mineland in Guangxi (south China, heavy metal concentrations in soils and dominant plants were determined, and soil contamination was assessed with pollution index (Pi and index of geoaccumulation (I-geo. Pi showed the minesoil was heavily polluted by Cd and slightly polluted by Cr. I-geo showed a severer pollution for all metals (except for Mn than Pi because I-geo tended to overestimate the real pollution effect of minesoil. Fresh tailings dam had both the highest Pi and I-geo among the four sites indicating a high metal contamination. All the “bio-available” fractions of the studied metals were below 5% of the totals. Dominant plants tended to accumulate higher Cd and Cr, and showed higher Mn translocation to aboveground parts. Besides the agricultural reclamation, more diverse restoration goals with lower environmental risks should be considered for the Mn mine wastelands in South China.

  2. 广西首次分离到莱姆病螺旋体%Borrelia burgdorferi isolated from rat in Yachang forest farm of Guangxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘敏; 王树声; 张涛; 曾霞; 杨光华; 王昭孝

    2001-01-01

    Objective To isolate Lyme disease spirochetes from it′ s host-rat in Yachang forest farm of Guangxi Province.Methods The rat's tissues of urinary bladder were inoculated into the BSK-Ⅱ medium.After incubating for 7~ 14 days,the Borrelia burgdorferi was observed in dark-field microscope.Results From these rats,six isolates were obtained.They were named GXLD4,8,9,16,18,20.The positive rate of isolation is 40% (6/15).Conclusion It is the first report that Borrelia burgdorferi was isolated from Guangxi Province.%目的从广西鼠类的膀胱中分离莱姆病螺旋体。方法膀胱组织标本接种 BSK-Ⅱ培养基进行莱姆病病原分离培养。结果从广西雅长林场捕获的 23只野鼠( 8只鼠标本培养污染)中共分离出 6株莱姆病螺旋体,分别命名为 GXLD- 4,8,9,16,18,20,分离阳性率为 40% (6/15)。结论首次从广西莱姆病宿主动物中分离出伯氏螺旋体,证实广西存在莱姆病的流行。

  3. Enhancing Characteristic Agriculture Competitiveness in Guangxi Based on CAFTA%CAFTA框架下提升广西特色农业竞争力的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    滕明兰

    2011-01-01

    随着中国-东盟自由贸易区的正式建立,广西农业发展的危机与机遇并存。自贸区的各种政策对广西特色种植业、特色林业和特色养殖业都有着不同程度的影响。因此,广西要加大对特色农业的科研投入,加快构建广西-东盟科技合作平台;加强对农业劳动力的技术培训和综合素质培养,提高人力资本水平;扶持发展多种形式的农业产业化龙头企业,大力发展特色农业合作社。%With CAFTA being formally established, agricultural development is confronted with beth crisis and opportunities in Guangxi. The policies of CAFTA have different effects on Characteristic planting, Characteristic forestry, and Characteristic cultivation. Therefore, Guangxi need to increase investment on characteristic agriculture research and accelerate the construc- tion of S&T cooperation platform of China-ASEAN; to strengthen the overall quality of technical training of agricultural labor force and improve the level of human capital; to support the development of various forms of agricultural industrialization leading enterprises and vigorously develop agricultural cooperatives.

  4. Factors that influence the choice to work in rural township health centers among 4,669 clinical medical students from five medical universities in Guangxi, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qing, Yunbo; Hu, Guijie; Chen, Qingyun; Peng, Hailun; Li, Kailan; Wei, Jinling; Yi, Yanhua

    2015-01-01

    To produce competent undergraduate-level medical doctors for rural township health centers (THCs), the Chinese government mandated that medical colleges in Central and Western China recruit rural-oriented, tuition-waived medical students (RTMSs) starting in 2010. This study aimed to identify and assess factors that influence the choice to work in rural township health centers among both RTMSs and other students from five medical universities in Guangxi, China. An internet-based self-administered questionnaire survey was conducted with medical students in Guangxi province. Multinomial logistic regression was used to identify factors related to the attitudes toward work in a rural township health center. Among 4,669 medical students, 1,523 (33%) had a positive attitude and 2,574 (55%) had a neutral attitude toward working in THCs. Demographic characteristics, personal job concerns, and knowledge of THCs were associated with the choice of a career in THCs. The factors related to a positive attitude included the following: three-year program, a rural-oriented medical program, being male, an expectation of working in a county or township, a focus on medical career development, some perceived difficulty of getting a job, having family support, sufficient knowledge of THCs, optimism toward THC development, seeking lower working pressure, and a lower expected monthly salary. Male students in a three-year program or a rural-oriented tuition-waived medical education program were more likely to work in THCs. Selecting medical students through interviews to identify their family support and intentions to work in THCs would increase recruitment and retention. Establishing favorable policies and financial incentives to improve living conditions and the social status of rural physicians is necessary.

  5. Engaging HIV-infected patients in antiretroviral therapy services: CD4 cell count testing after HIV diagnosis from 2005 to 2009 in Yunnan and Guangxi, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Yao; Ray Y. Chen; ZHANG Fu-jie; LU Lin; LI Hui-qin; LIU Wei; TANG Zhi-rong; FANG Hua; Jennifer Y. Chen; MA Ye; ZHAO Yan

    2011-01-01

    Background The initiation and expansion of China's national free antiretroviral therapy program has led to significant improvement of survival among its participants. Success of further scaling up treatment coverage rests upon intensifying HIV screening and efficient linkage of care. Timely CD4 cell count testing after HIV diagnosis is necessary to determine whether a patient meets criteria for antiretroviral treatment, and represents a crucial link to engage HIV-infected patients in appropriate care, which has not been evaluated in China.Methods We evaluated all patients ≥16 years who tested HIV positive from 2005 to 2009 in Yunnan and Guangxi.Multivariate Logistic regression models were applied to identify factors associated with lack of CD4 cell count testing within 6 months after HIV diagnosis.Results A total of 83 556 patients were included. Over the study period, 30 635 (37%) of subjects received a CD4 cell count within 6 months of receiving the HIV diagnosis. The rate of CD4 cell count testing within 6 months of HIV diagnosis increased significantly from 7% in 2005 to 62% in 2009. Besides the earlier years of HIV diagnosis, negative predictors for CD4 cell count testing in multivariate analyses included older age, not married or unclear marriage status,incarceration, diagnosis at sexual transmitted disease clinics, mode of HIV transmission classified as men who have sex with men, intravenous drug users or transmission route unclear, while minority ethnicity, receipt of high school or higher education, diagnosis at voluntary counseling and testing clinics, and having HIV positive parents were protective.Conclusions Significant progress has been made in increasing CD4 testing among newly diagnosed HIV positive patients in Yunnan and Guangxi from 2005-2009. However, a sizable proportion of HIV positive patients still lack CD4testing within 6 months of diagnosis. Improving CD4 testing, particularly among patients with identified risk factors, is essential to

  6. [Risk Assessment of Heavy Metal Contamination in Farmland Soil in Du'an Autonomous County of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Yang; Yang, Jun; Zhou, Xiao-yong; Lei, Mei; Gao, Ding; Qiao, Peng-wei; Du, Guo-dong

    2015-08-01

    For a comprehensive understanding of the pollution characteristics and ecological risk of heavy metals of farmland soil in Du'an Autonomous County of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China, this study evaluated the cadmium (Cd), arsenic (As), nickel (Ni), zinc (Zn), chromium (Cr), antimony (Sb), copper (Cu) and lead ( Pb) pollution situation using the single factor index, the Nemerow pollution index and the Hakanson ecological risk index. The results showed that heavy-metal pollution of farmland soil in Du'an County was serious. 74.6% of the soil samples had heavy metals concentrations higher than the Grade II of National Soil Environmental Quality Standard (GB 15618-1995). The over standard rates of Cd, As, Ni, Zn, Cr, Sb, Cu, Pb were 70.6%, 42.9%, 34.9%, 19.8%, 19.6%, 2.94%, 1.59%, 0.79%, respectively. Cd and As were the main contaminants in Du'an County, the pollution was far more serious than those of the national and Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. In terms of the ecological risk, heavy metals of farmland soil in Du'an County showed a "middle" ecological risk, with Cd accounting for 88% of the total ecological risk. The north-west of Jiudu Town and the zone between Bao'an Town and Dongmiao Town were two areas with high ecological risk in Du'an County. The contamination of farmland soils in Du'an County was caused by two main sources, whereas the pollution of As and Sb of farmland soils near Diaojiang River was mainly caused by the upstream mining industry.

  7. Investigation on banana diseases caused by plant parasitic nematodes in Guangxi, China%广西香蕉植物线虫病发生情况调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄金玲; 刘志明; 陆秀红; 秦碧霞; 刘纪霜; 乔丽娅

    2011-01-01

    Banana diseases caused by root-knot nematodes were investigated in Guangxi from 2009 to 2010. In this study, 253 soil samples and root samples were collected, and 9 important genera of plant parasitic nematodes were found. They were Meloidogyne, Tylenchorhynchus, Pratylenchus, Rotylenchulus, Helicotylenchus, Aphelench-oides, Hoplolaimus, Tylenchus, and Criconemella. The genera Meloidogyne was found widely distributed in plantations. The results showed that the incidence of root-knot nematodes was 100% in 16 villages and towns. The highest disease index was 60, and the highest density of this nematode in soils reached 307 juveniles per 100 Ml soils. These diseases were popular in banana plantations of Guangxi.%作者于2009-2010年,对广西香蕉线虫病发生情况进行了实地调查,分别采集根际土壤和根系样本共253份,调查结果表明:广西香蕉主要有害线虫有根结线虫、矮化线虫、短体线虫、肾状线虫、螺旋线虫、滑刃线虫、纽带线虫、垫刃线虫和小环线虫,其中根结线虫发生最普遍也最严重,根结病指最高达60,土壤根结线虫虫口密度最高达307头/100 mL土.

  8. Factors that influence the choice to work in rural township health centers among 4,669 clinical medical students from five medical universities in Guangxi, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yunbo Qing

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: To produce competent undergraduate-level medical doctors for rural township health centers (THCs, the Chinese government mandated that medical colleges in Central and Western China recruit rural-oriented, tuition-waived medical students (RTMSs starting in 2010. This study aimed to identify and assess factors that influence the choice to work in rural township health centers among both RTMSs and other students from five medical universities in Guangxi, China. Methods: An internet-based self-administered questionnaire survey was conducted with medical students in Guangxi province. Multinomial logistic regression was used to identify factors related to the attitudes toward work in a rural township health center. Results: Among 4,669 medical students, 1,523 (33% had a positive attitude and 2,574 (55% had a neutral attitude toward working in THCs. Demographic characteristics, personal job concerns, and knowledge of THCs were associated with the choice of a career in THCs. The factors related to a positive attitude included the following: three-year program, a rural-oriented medical program, being male, an expectation of working in a county or township, a focus on medical career development, some perceived difficulty of getting a job, having family support, sufficient knowledge of THCs, optimism toward THC development, seeking lower working pressure, and a lower expected monthly salary. Conclusion: Male students in a three-year program or a rural-oriented tuition-waived medical education program were more likely to work in THCs. Selecting medical students through interviews to identify their family support and intentions to work in THCs would increase recruitment and retention. Establishing favorable policies and financial incentives to improve living conditions and the social status of rural physicians is necessary.

  9. Strategy research of Guangxi on EU tourism service trade development based on SWOT analysis%基于SWOT分析的广西对东盟旅游服务贸易发展策略研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋文; 彭育俊

    2011-01-01

    Tourism market of ASEAN is important to the tourism service trade of Guangxi.By SWOT method,the paper analyzes the strength,weakness,opportunity and threat to the tourism service trade of Guangxi to ASEAN,then brings forward the strategies which improve competitiveness of tourism service trade for government and enterprises.%东盟旅游市场是广西旅游服务贸易的一个重要市场。本文运用SWOT分析方法,根据广西对东盟旅游服务贸易的优势、劣势以及面临的机遇和威胁,对政府、行业和企业提出了提高旅游服务贸易竞争力的策略。

  10. Camchaya Gagnep., a newly recorded genus of Asteraceae from Guangxi and its Biogeographical significance%凋缨菊属在广西的首次记录及其生物地理学意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周广明; 刘演; 侯元同; 高天刚

    2012-01-01

    报道了广西菊科斑鸠菊族的1个新记录属——凋缨菊属,描述了凋缨菊的分类学特征,给出了详细的图解,绘制了整个凋缨菊属的分布图.这一发现表明了我国桂西南热带地区与滇南以及中南半岛在植物区系上的紧密联系.%Camchaya Gagnep. ,a genus of the tribe Vernonieae, Asteraceae,was newly recorded from Guangxi,southern China. We provided a taxonomic description,detailed photographs of the only one representative species C. loloana Kerr, a distribution map of the whole genus. This finding indicated the close floristic affinity between southern Yunnan, Indo-China Peninsula and the tropical areas of southwestern Guangxi.

  11. The Propulsive Effect of China- ASEAN Exposition on the Economic Interaction between Guangxi of China and ASEAN%中国-东盟博览会对广西与东盟经济互动的推进效应

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李欣广

    2005-01-01

    The paper reflects and apprehend again the strategic meaning of the China - ASEAN exposition and its function which can serve Guangxi after the 1st CAEXPO, discussing the standard on how an exposition can be held successfully and becomes a brand name. It then argues that the success of CAEXPO should act on the construction of CAFTA and Gunagxi' s benefit from the economic integration. It finally proposes re - planning for CAEXPO based on the five missions of the exposition and the trinity of operation mode, and discusses correlated work of promoting CAEXPO' s long term vitality from the aspects of its publicity, investment, Nanning' s city construction and economic development, Guangxi' s traffic and transportation system , materials circulation industry and channel economy , city humanism spirit and real estate business.

  12. Research on Telemedicine Service Informatization Platform Construction in the Northern Area of Guangxi Province%桂北地区远程医疗服务信息化平台建设研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈晓旺; 伍晓明

    2012-01-01

    分析桂北地区远程医疗建设的现状和意义,提出建设远程医疗服务信息化平台的必要性,结合目前桂北地区应用需求,阐述该信息平台的系统构成、网络架构、总体解决方案及软硬件需求等。%The paper analyzes the current status and significance of telemedicine construction in northern area of Guangxi province, puts forward the necessity of constructing telemedicine service informatization platform,combined with current application demand in northern area of Guangxi province,elaborates system constitution,network architecture,overall solutions,software and hardware demands, etc.

  13. 供应链环境下精益生产在广西工业物流中的应用研究%Application of Lean Production in Manufacturing Logistics Industry of Guangxi in Supply Chain Environment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王浩澂; 孔令明

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, we presented our understanding of lean production from the angle of logistics, analyzed the current status and existing problems of the manufacturing logistics industry in Guangxi and by applying the essence of lean production in the manufacturing logistics practice, combined the two to further promote the joint development of the manufacturing and logistics enterprises in Guangxi.%从物流角度出发对精益生产进行理解,分析广西工业物流的现状及存在问题,将精益生产的精髓运用于工业物流中,将精益生产与工业物流相结合,进一步促进工业制造企业和广西工业物流共同发展。

  14. Stratigraphic architecture of the Neoproterozoic glacial rocks in the "Xiang-Qian-Gui" region of the central Yangtze Block, South China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Qirui; CHU Xuelei; Heinrich BAHLBURG; FENG Lianjun; Nicole DOBRZINSKI; ZHANG Tonggang

    2003-01-01

    The Yangtze Block in South China is one of the important regions where Neoproterozoic glacial rocks are well developed and studied. However, the classification and correlation of the Neoproterozoic glacial sequences in the central Yangtze Block still remain controversial among Chinese geologists. The original Sinian sections around the Yangtze Gorges Region became an official standard for classification and correlation since the 1950s. Subsequent regional geologic studies, however, resulted in different classification and correlation, because of its incompleteness. We select one of the complete sections in the bordering areas of Xiang (Hunan), Qian (Guizhou) and Gui (Guangxi), as a standard of classification and correlation. The temporal and spatial distribution, i.e. the stratigraphic architecture, of the glacial rocks in the central Yangtze Block is suggested. Our results indicate that the glacial sequence on the Yangtze Block was deposited during the Nantuo Ice-age, the Datangpo Interglacial-age and Jiangkou Ice-age, in descending order.

  15. 广西家鼠型肾综合征出血热病毒的发现和鉴定%Identification and analysis of an SEO strain of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome hantavirus from Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭毅; 闭福银; 韦增良

    2008-01-01

    Objective To identify hantavirus from lung specimens of rats captured in Guangxi. Methods Rats were collected from various areas in Guangxi in combination with plague surveillance and rat lung specimens were examined by ELISA for hantavirus antigen,and M segment of positive specimen was partially amplified with RT-PCR and sequenced. Phylogenetic analysis was conducted for genotyping. Results From a total of 306 rat lung specimens,a strain of SEO hantavirus was detected from lung specimen of a Norvegicus that was from coastal area of Guangxi Qinzhou city. Conclusions For the first time SEO hantanviras was detected in the coastal area of Guangxi Qinzhou city,its epidemiological significance needs further study.%目的 从广西各地捕获的鼠肺标本检测汉坦病毒并鉴定其型别.方法 结合广西鼠疫监测采集啮齿类宿主动物,用ELISA法检测鼠肺标本,对汉坦病毒抗原阳性标本通过RT-PCR法扩增部分M片段上的核苷酸序列并测序,将扩增片段的核苷酸序列与已知病毒序列进行比对并分型.结果 在306份鼠肺标本中检测到1株SEO型的出血热病毒,阳性标本为广西沿海地区钦州市捕获的褐家鼠.结论 在广西沿海地区检测到SEO型汉坦病毒,其流行病学意义有待进一步研究.

  16. 广西少数民族地区中学生的积极心理品质结构与培养%Students' Positive Psychological Quality Structure and Culture in Guangxi Minority Regions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭丽霞

    2014-01-01

    Positive psychology is a new direction for psychology research focuses on human strength and virtue, tap human potential for a better life. This paper mainly through self"Guangxi Minority Students positive psychological quality structur-ed questionnaires"for middle school students in Guangxi minority areas Surveying, Guangxi minority high school students to actively explore the psychological quality of the structure. Surveying by the scale, factor analysis, found that high school students in Guangxi Minority Regions positive mental attitude to life, including the quality of the structure, learning attitude, will, emotions, justice, innocence, thinking, moral, and spiritual beliefs calm factor of ten, and accordingly propose appropri-ate educational measures.%积极心理学是心理学研究的新方向,主要探讨人类的力量与美德,挖掘人类潜能,以便更好的生活。本文主要通过自编《广西少数民族地区中学生积极心理品质结构问卷》,对广西少数民族地区中学生进行施测,探讨广西少数民族地区中学生积极心理品质的结构。通过量表施测后,进行因子分析,发现广西少数民族地区中学生积极心理品质结构包括生活态度、学习态度、意志、情感、正义性、纯真、思维、道德、沉稳和精神信念十个因子,并据此提出相应的教育措施。

  17. Introduction to the Intelligent Systems of the Stadium of Guangxi Sports Centre%广西体育中心主体育场智能化系统简析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李琰

    2012-01-01

    本文主要介绍了广西体育中心主体育场智能化系统的构成,采用的新技术,投资效益及主要运行效果。%This article mainly introduces the configuration of intelligent systems of the stadium of Guangxi Sports Centre,including the new technologies applied, investment benefits and main running effects.

  18. An Analysis on the Strategies of Guangxi Enterprises Exploring ASEAN Sale Market%广西企业开拓东盟市场的营销对策分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗雪梅; 林素娟

    2005-01-01

    There is much of superiority for Guangxi to develop the ASEAN markets, but problems may arise as well. Thisarticle, through analysis, points out that the misuse of marketing strategies is the main reason that obstructs enterprises from developing the market and that international marketing measures should be taken to reinforce market information research, decrease products costs, make greater effort to build markets, cultivate enterprise brand names, select enterprise targeted market, andmake a good use of the public international relationships, etc.

  19. Introduction of Action Plan of Forestry Sustainable Development of Qinzhou-Fangchenggang area, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    Guanngxi Autonomous Region is an important tropical forestry region in south of China. The main purpose of this research supported by FAO is to generate action plan for sustainable forestry development of this region. Through two-year broad and deep investigation, the programme of the action plant has been made, which includes 12 fields, 38 projects, with duration of 5 years.

  20. Subseasonal teleconnections South America - South Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grimm, Alice; Reason, Chris

    2016-04-01

    There is marked subseasonal variability over South America and southern Africa. Based on previous work showing that a teleconnection exists between the South American monsoon system and interannual summer rainfall variability over southern Africa, this study shows teleconnections between subseasonal variability over these landmasses. Observed daily gauge precipitation data for 1970-1999 are gridded to 1° resolution for South America and 2.5° for South Africa. At each grid point, anomalies of daily precipitation are calculated and submitted to a bandpass Lanczos filter to isolate subseasonal oscillations in the 20-90 day band. For each season, the filtered precipitation anomalies for the South African grid boxes are correlated with filtered precipitation anomalies in the grid boxes over South America. Lags from 0 up to 12 days are applied to the South African data, in order to investigate convection anomalies over South America that could produce atmospheric perturbations associated with South African precipitation anomalies. The significance of correlation between the filtered data takes autocorrelation into account and uses effective sample sizes. The results shown represent the best correlations for different climatic regimes such as the winter-rainfall dominated southwestern Cape, the all season rainfall South Coast and the summer-rainfall dominated Limpopo region. NCEP re-analyses are used to composite subseasonal anomalies in OLR, 200 hPa streamfunction, and vertically integrated moisture flux associated with precipitation anomaly above one standard deviation in the filtered series (positive phases) of the South African selected regions. The possible origin of the atmospheric circulation anomalies associated with those positive phases is determined using influence functions (IFs) of a vorticity equation model with a divergence source. The model is linearized about a realistic basic state and includes the divergence of the basic state and the advection of

  1. The research and thinking on the packaging design of Guangxi tourism commodity%广西旅游商品包装设计的研究与思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李娟

    2015-01-01

    based on the research of Guangxi tourism commodity packaging design, this paper makes an analysis from the regional culture,national culture, integration of tradition with fashion, sustainable development, then puts forward that Guangxi rich cultural resources and cultural characteristics should be used rationally, the local color of tourism commodity packaging design should be highlighted, the level and cultural connotation of tourism commodity packaging design should be improved, thus the important value and significance of brand image with Guangxi regional characteristics is shaped.%文章通过对广西旅游商品包装设计的研究,从地域文化、民族文化、传统与时尚的融合、可持续发展等方面进行思考分析,提出合理利用广西丰富的文化资源及文化特色,突出旅游商品包装设计的地方特色,全面提升旅游商品包装设计水平,提高广西旅游商品包装的文化内涵,塑造具有广西地域特色的品牌形象的重要价值与意义。

  2. Simple Analysis of the Design of Guangxi Garden in the Second China Green Expo%中国绿化博览会广西展园设计浅析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭江锋; 潘丹

    2012-01-01

    中国绿化博览会集中展示了我国和国际生态建设的发展成果。广西展园通过对广西深厚历史沉淀和浓郁民族特色元素的融合、提炼,以壮族文化和巴马长寿文化进行元素的重组,让游客参与到展园的体验与创造过程中,使广西展园成为宣传广西的一个重要窗口,展示现代人对“让绿色融入我们的生活”的思考。%China Green Expo exhibit development achievements of national and international ecology construction. The "Guangxi Garden" in the second China Green Expo made use of integration and refinement of Guangxi deep historical precipitation and strong ethnic characteristics, restructuring elements according to the Zhuang culture and Bama longevity culture, which let the visitors join the process of experience and creation and made the parks become an important window of promoting Guangxi, showing modern thinking to "green into our lives."

  3. 广西地区高速公路沥青路面病害及防治措施%Asphalt Pavement Disease of Expressway in Guangxi and Preventive Measure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡浩; 马进; 窦健珍

    2012-01-01

    以广西南宁至友谊关、百色至罗村口高速公路为例,调查并分析了广西地区高速公路沥青路面常见病害。介绍了南友高速、百罗高速公路沥青路面目前的养护方法及技术,并对进一步完善广西地区高速公路沥青路面预防性养护工作提出了建议。%Taking Nanning-Youyiguan and Baise-Luocunkou Expressway in Guangxi as an example,common diseases of asphalt pavement of expressway in Guangxi are surveyed and analyzed.The current maintenance methods and technology for asphalt pavement of Nanning-Youyiguan and Baise-Luocunkou Expressway are introduced and proposals of improving preventive maintenance of asphalt pavement of expressway in Guangxi are put forward.

  4. The Current Situation and Development Countermeasure of Electronic Waste Treatment in Guangxi%广西电子废弃物处理现状与发展对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾健华; 蒋中伟

    2012-01-01

    分析广西电子废弃物处理现状,认为广西电子废弃物处理还存在法律体系不够健全,缺乏规范的回收体系,处理技术落后,公众环保意识不强等问题,建议广西尽快采取加强立法、整顿市场、建立回收体系,加强科学研究和公众宣传等方面的措施,提升广西电子废弃物处理水平。%The current situation of electronic waste treatment in Guangxi was analyzed. Current problems in electronic waste treatment of Guangxi are no well-constructed legal system of electronic waste treatment,lack of specific recycling systems, unadvanced treatment technology and lack of public environment protection awareness. In order to solve these problems and improve the technology of electronic waste treatment,Guangxi government should strengthen the legislation,rectify the market and establish a recycling system. On the other hand, scientific researches and public awareness in electronic waste treatment should also be improved.

  5. 广西果蔬冷链物流保障体系构建研究%Study on the Construction of Fruit and Vegetable Cool Chain Logistics Support System in Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王东红

    2012-01-01

    With Guangxi fruit and vegetable planting area con- tinuing to expand and production continuing to climb, the de-velopment of fruit and vegetable cool chain logistics will face great challenge. The problems existing in Guangxi fruit and vegetable cool chain logistics development are analyzed in this paper. Furthermore, we put forward to build fruit and veg- etable cool chain logistics support system based on supply chain integration and discussed several suggestions on the de- velopment and perfecting of Guangxi fruit and vegetable cool chain.%广西果蔬种植面积的不断扩大,产量的不断攀升,使其在果蔬冷链物流的发展方面面临着极大挑战。文章对广西果蔬冷链物流保障体系发展中存在的问题进行了分析,提出了构建基于果蔬产品供应链一体化的冷链物流保障体系,并探讨了发展和完善广西果蔬冷链物流的几点建议。

  6. Effectiveness of an Intervention to Promote Self-Efficacy on Quality of Life of Patients with Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma of the Zhuang Tribe Minority in Guangxi, China: A Prospective Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Jiamei; Zeng, Xiaofen; Liao, Jinlian; Zhang, Yong; Yang, Li; Li, Yuming; Lv, Jun

    2017-08-23

    BACKGROUND Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is endemic in China and patient self-management is poor. Minorities may suffer from psychological problems during treatments for NPC. This study aimed to implement an intervention to promote self-efficacy of minority patients (Zhuang tribe, Guangxi, China) with NPC to improve their quality of life (QOL). MATERIAL AND METHODS This was a prospective study of 120 patients with NPC treated at the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University (Guangxi, China), randomized to conventional care (n=60, controls) or conventional care plus self-efficacy interventions based on health education, behavior therapy, and psychological intervention (n=60, self-efficacy group). Self-efficacy was evaluated using the general self-efficacy scale, and QOL using the EORTC QLQ-C30. The questionnaires were completed at discharge, at 6 months, and at 1 and 2 years. The primary outcome was QOL. RESULTS There was no difference in QOL at baseline. From study start to hospital discharge, overall QOL scores decreased in both groups, but this decrease was more important in the control group (controls: -39.31 vs. self-efficacy: -27.04, Pself-efficacy group. CONCLUSIONS This intervention promoting self-efficacy could increase patients' own potential and initiative, enhance their confidence and ability to solve health problems, improve their coping with adverse effects of treatments, and have positive effects on their QOL. Self-efficacy theory-based interventions could be worth popularization during the treatment and recovery of minority patients with NPC.

  7. 厄尔尼诺与广西致洪暴雨的关系%Research on the Relationship Between ENSO Cases and Flash-Flood-Producing Rainstorm in Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林开平; 李耀先; 李秀存; 梁隽玫

    2001-01-01

    Based on analyzing the relationship between ENSO cases and the flash-flood-producing rainstorm in Guangxi, the result show that the two of them are close. Most of the flash-flood-producing rainstorms happened during the period of ENSO appearing, or in next year after ENSO cases ended. It was very similar that the variability of occurring frequency during the inter-decade, between ENSO cases and the flash-flood-producing rainstorm in Guangxi. In additional, the causes of the flash-flood-producing rainstorm stimulated by ENSO cases in Guangxi was discussed, as well.%分析了ENSO事件的出现与广西致洪暴雨的关系,结果表明了两者关系密切,广西的致洪暴雨基本上都出现于ENSO事件年或ENSO事件结束后的一年里;ENSO事件的出现频率随年代的变化与广西致洪暴雨出现频率随年代的变化非常吻合。此外,还就厄尔尼诺对广西致洪暴雨形成的可能机制进行探讨。

  8. Present situation and countermeasures of the psychological development of left-home-adolescents in Guangxi%广西留守青少年的心理发展现状与对策思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢春艳; 覃超杰; 温文

    2013-01-01

    文章通过对广西留守青少年心理健康发展现状的调查基础上,提出当下解决广西留守青少年心理健康问题的对策:政府从可持续性发展战略的高度加以重视是解决问题的保障,学校借助高科技的研究成果是构建广西留守青少年心理疗法的新路径。%This article through the investigation of development status of left-home-adolescents in Guangxi mental health, proposes the countermeasures to solve left-home-adolescents mental health problems in Guangxi: the government from the sustainable development strategic height attention is the solution to the problem of security, the school with the research findings of high-tech construction of Guangxi is new path left-home-adolescents psychological therapy.

  9. 广西游泳后备人才基本情况的调查与分析%Survey and Analysis of the Swimming Reserve Talents in Guangxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐健; 远航; 吕雉安

    2011-01-01

    The survey on the cultivation of competitive swimming reserve talents in fifteen training centers of Guangxi province is made by means of literature method, experts interviewing, questionnaire and mathematical statistics method. It shows that the number of swimming reserve talents in county becomes smaller than ever, which is a loss for the cultivation system of Guangxi swimming talents. It is hoped that this survey can offer some help for the further development of Guangxi swimming training.%采用文献资料、专家访谈、问卷调查及数理统计等方法,对广西省15个竞技游泳后备人才培养基地的人才培养情况进行调查分析.结果显示:广西各地的县级游泳训练的人数比以前少了许多,这一现象对整个广西游泳训练及人才培养体系的建设来说是一种损失.希望通过此次调查,对广西竞技游泳事业的进一步发展提供帮助.

  10. Analysis and forecast on trade of import-export edible vegetable oil in Guangxi%广西进出口食用植物油贸易分析与展望

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄振彬

    2013-01-01

    Recently,some edible lipin processing plants were settled in Guangxi coastal areas,and the trade of import-export edible vegetable oil in Guangxi has changed with these plants. Stastics on the trade of import-export edible vegetable oil in Guangxi from 2005 to 2012 were from the software CIQ2000,and the trade situation was analysed and forecasted in this paper.%  近年来,陆续有大型食用油脂加工企业落户广西沿海,广西的食用植物油进出口贸易也随着这些企业的发展而变化。文章通过CIQ2000系统对2005-2012年广西食用植物油进出口贸易进行统计,对进出口贸易情况进行分析,并对未来几年广西食用植物油进出口贸易形势进行展望。

  11. Study on Logistics Organization of Guangxi Sugar Enterprises Based on Third Party Logistics Ideology%基于第三方物流理念的广西蔗糖企业物流组织建设研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    樊凡

    2013-01-01

    In this paper,in view of the construction of the Guangxi sugar enterprises and third party logistics organizations,we discussed from the aspects of basic logistics organization of the Guangxi sugar enterprises,the organizational mechanism of the sugar enterprises and third party logistics,and the strategic selection of logistics organization by the sugar enterprises and uncovered the necessity of the cooperation between the two as well as the effect of the cooperation on the economic development of Guangxi.%以广西蔗糖企业与第三方物流组织建设为目标,对广西蔗糖企业物流组织基础、蔗糖企业与第三方物流组织机制和蔗糖企业物流组织战略选择三个方面进行论述,揭示二者合作的必要性和对广西经济发展的作用.

  12. Sustainable development of agriculture in karst areas, South China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Linhua Song

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available The exposed carbonate rocks aged from Sinian to Mid-Triassic Periods cover an area of 500,000 Km2 in south-west China. In karst areas with spectacular landscapes characterized by magnificent tower karst and conical karst, rare surface drainage systems and prevalent subsurface drainage systems, the environment is ecologically very fragile. The rapid increase of population, over deforested and cultivated lands, worsted the ecological system, causing a higher frequency of draught, flood and various disasters, backward economic development, low living standard of the people. In order to improve the sustainability of the agriculture the experience shows that the following operations should be adopted: (1 serious control of the population increase, emigration, extra labours and improvement of the environmental education of the local inhabitants; (2 terracing of the slopes (shi jala di as to improve the cultivated land quality, to preserve the water, soil and fertiliser and ameliorate the effective utilisation of the land; (3 development of new rural energies such as the solar energy and gas energy, and expansion of the saving-fuel stoves to reduce the load of bio-energy; (4 reforestation and bounding the hills and mountains; the ecological, economic and fuel forests model has been developed in fengcong-depression areas: the tree species with high ecological, economical and energetic characteristics, should be chosen, such as the bamboo, wild grapes, Sapium rotundifolium etc.; (5 better utilisation of the ram water and karst water resource to solve the water supply problems. The karst landscape is well developed in the 500,000 km2 carbonate terrain in Yunnan, Guizhou, Guangxi, west Hunan and south Sichuan provinces in south-west China, where 100 million habitants live (Song, 1997. The large population and its high density, serious deforestation, over-cultivation and fragile ecological system make the environmental problems very serious and about 30

  13. Current status of invasive alien pests in Guangxi Province and Vietnam%广西及越南农业外来有害生物入侵现状

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于永浩; 高旭渊; 曾宪儒; 龙秀珍; 韦德卫; 覃建林; 蔡健和; 曾涛

    2016-01-01

    【背景】广西地理环境独特,与越南水陆相连,气候、作物等条件相似,边境贸易往来频繁,致使其成为我国遭受外来有害生物入侵最严重的地区之一。【方法】通过本底调查,分析总结了广西农业外来有害生物入侵的现状。【结果】广西主要入侵动物26种,入侵微生物18种,入侵植物21种,高风险入侵物种包括辣椒实蝇、木薯绵粉蚧、扶桑绵粉蚧、稻水象甲、黄瓜绿斑驳花叶病毒等;来自越南的潜在危险性有害生物共38种。【结论与意义】广西受外来有害生物入侵的风险加剧,并有进一步扩散蔓延的趋势。提出应对入侵生物的综合防控对策,为广西外来入侵有害生物的防控提供参考。%Background] With the unique geographical conditions, and because of the more and more frequent border trade, similar climate and cropping systems in Guangxi and Vietnam, Guangxi Province has become one of the most threatened areas by the inva-sion of alien species in China. [Method] This paper analyzed the current status of the biological invasions in Guangxi via a back-ground survey. [Result] There were 26 species of invasive animals, 18 species of microorganism and 21 species of weeds. Some harmful invasive species of high risk includes the chilifruit fly [ Bactrocera latifrons ( Hendel) ] , the cassava mealybug ( Phenacoccus manihoti Matile-Ferrero) , the solenopsis mealybug ( Phenacoccus solenopsis Tinsley) , the rice water weevil ( Lissorhoptrus oryzophi-lus Kuschel) , and the Cucumber green mottle mosaic virus. 38 potentially hazardous pests from Vietnam are listed. [Conclusion and significance] Risk of harmful invasive species to Guangxi aggravated, with further spread tendency. Comprehensive strategy about the invasive alien pest was proposed, which provided some ideas controlling the invasive alien pests in Guangxi Province.

  14. 2004-2010年广西医药卫生适宜技术推广奖项目统计分析%Statistic analysis of Guangxi Medical & Health Appropriate Technology Promotion Prize from 2004 to 2010

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨柱星

    2012-01-01

    目的 统计分析广西医药卫生适宜技术推广奖项目,了解广西医药卫生系统的科研状况和技术水平,为制定科研规划提供依据.方法 对2004-2010年广西医药卫生适宜技术获奖申报资料和获奖项目建立数据库,统计学科、病种、属地、单位及基金项目等.结果 7年共获奖631项,其中一等奖54项占8.6%,二等奖187项占29.6%,三等奖390项占61.8%.学科分布主要在内科学、外科学、临床医学、中国医学、预防医学和卫生学及肿瘤学,占获奖项目的75.6%,内容主要是严重危害人民群众健康的常见病多发病、广西重大公共卫生问题和民族医药.地域主要集中在南宁市及柳州市.433项(68.6%)得到基金资助,144项(22.8%)同时获得广西科学技术成果进步奖.结论 广西医药卫生适宜技术推广奖是反映广西医疗药卫生研究和技术水平、解决医药卫生重大问题并有良好社会效益和经济效益的奖项.%Objective Statistic analysis of Guangxi Medical & Health Appropriate Technology Promotion Prize was conducted to the scientific research condition and technological level of Guangxi,and to provide evidence for the foundation of health and medicine policy.Methods Database of Guangxi Medical & Health Appropriate Technology Promotion Prize from 2004 to 2010 was set up,based on subject,diseases,district and institution,foundation items,etc.Results 631 projects won the prizes in 7 years.Among them,54 projects won the first-class prize taking up 8.6% of the total; 187 projects got the second-class prize taking up29.6% of the total; 390 projects got the third-class prize taking up 61.8% of the total.The major subjects were internal medicine,surgery,clinical medicine,Chinese medicine,prevention medicine and hygiene and oncology,taking up 75.6% of the total award-winning projects.The major fields were common and frequently occurring disease,major public health problem,and Tranditional

  15. 广西杜鹃花属新分类群%New Taxa of Rhododendron from Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李光照

    2001-01-01

    @@ 1 大橙杜鹃新种图1:1~7 Rhododendron dachengense G. Z. Li , sp. nov. (Subgen. Hymenanthes; Sect. Ponticum; Subsect. Taliensia;) Species Rh. haematodi Franch. affinis, sed corollis campanulatis, roseolis v el albis, 5-7-lobatis, staminibus 10-13; stylo glabro, calyx minoribus dense ve lutinis, lobis 5-7, undulato-triangulatis, 1 mm longis; petiolis et pedicelis in hispidis differt. Frutex 2-3 m altus. Ramuli atro-cinerei, cicatricibus petioli conspicuis; ramul i hornotini dense velutini, demum glabri, perulis persistentibus Folia coriacea, ellptico-oblonga, (3-)3.5-7.0(-10) cm longa, (1.2-)1.5-2.5(-3) cm lata, ap ice obtusa vel mucronata, basi cuneata, late uneata vel rotundata, supra virid ia glabra, subtus dense furcate-coacta, coactis superioribus dense deter gibilis , indumentis inferioribus tenuiter agglutinatis; costa media supra impressa, sub tus elevata, saepe coactis tecta; petiolus 0.5-1.7 cm longus, 1-2 mm diam. coa ctus, demumglabrus. Flores 4-7, racemoso-umbellati terminali; pedicelli 5-10 mm longi, dense velutini; calyx minoriorus 5-7-lobatus, lobis undulato-triangulatis , c. lmm longis, velutinis; corolla roseola vel alba, campanulata, 2.5-3 cm lo nga, 5-7-lobata, lobis semi-rotundatis 1-1.2 cm longis, 1.5-1.8 cm latis, gla bris, apice emarginatis, lobis superioribus roseo- maculatis; tubo corollae 1.5 -1.7 cm longo, 1.2-1.5 cm diam.; stamina 10-13, inaequalia, 0.4-1.8 cm long a; filamentis albis, infra medium 1/3 albo-pilosis; antherisaurantiis, oblongis, 2 mm longis, 1mm latis; pistillum 1.0-2.9 cm longum; ovar ium conicum, dense velutinum apice truncatum; stylus c. 2.3 cm longus; glabrus, stigmate capitato. Capsula ignota. Guangxi(广西): Jinxiu Xian(金秀县), Lahe(腊河), Luoyun( 罗运), Pashajie(爬沙界), alt. 1*!000 m, Apr. 25. 2*!000, RPRG(Rhododendron P rogram Resea Group,下同)009 (Typus, in IBK); Jinxiu Xian(金秀县), Shengtangs han, Linchang, pl. cult. alt 1*!100 m, Apr. 8.1999, Li Guang-zhao(李光照) 1688 2; Jinxiu

  16. APARTHEID SOUTH AFRICA

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The motivation for this article is partly traceable to the Pretoria High Court decision in Chinese Association of South Africa v Minister of Labour,3 in which the ... The notion of equality and non-discrimination is thought to strengthen the bonds .... show us that the original inhabitants of South Africa are the Khoi and San people,.

  17. South African Medical Journal

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The South African Medical Journal is published by the South African Medical Association, ... Guest Editorial: Growing wilderness and expedition medicine education in ... Does access to private healthcare influence potential lung cancer cure rates? ... Cardiovascular risk factors and mortality in children with chronic kidney ...

  18. 桂东南客家民间舞蹈与民间信仰%The Hakka Folk Dances and Beliefs in Southeastern Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙庆彬; 庞梅; 肖起清

    2014-01-01

    Folk dance is the motif of sports science, arts, folklore and other subjects. Folk belief provides spiritual support for folk dance. The authors investigated the folk dances and folk beliefs of Hakka in southeastern Guangxi. The research results:there are lots of Hakka folk dances such as dragon dance, lion dance, kylin dance, spring cattle dance, he-lou dance, tea picking dance, bamboo horse dance, puppet dance, and cup playing dance. The Hakka folk beliefs have god worship, nature worship, ancestor worship and the sage worship in southeastern Guangxi. Folk belief is the key of the interpretation of Hakka folk dances. Hakka folk dance need the outside people’s culture tolerance, also need Hakka’s"cultural consciousness".%民间舞蹈是体育学、艺术学、民俗学等多个学科研究的母题,而民间信仰是许多民间舞蹈的重要精神支撑。本文对流传于桂东南客家聚居区的民间舞蹈与民间信仰进行调查整理,为桂东南客家民间舞蹈的保护传承提供依据,为扩充当地学校的体育、舞蹈等教学资源提供参考资料。研究认为:在桂东南客家聚居区流传的民间舞蹈有舞龙、舞狮、舞麒麟、舞春牛、跳禾楼、采茶舞、竹马舞、跳傀僮、打杯舞等,桂东南客家信仰有神灵崇拜、自然崇拜、祖先崇拜和圣贤崇拜等;民间信仰是解读客家民间舞蹈内在精神的钥匙;客家民间舞蹈需要外界的包容,也需要客家人的“文化自觉”。

  19. 广西登革热疫情流行病学特征分析%Analysis on epidemiologic characteristics of dengue fever in Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢艺红; 谭毅; 杨进业; 闭福银; 周开姣

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To analyze the characteristics and trends of dengue fever in Guangxi, providing guide for the further work of prevention and control. Methods: Data were collected from the Infectious Disease Surveillance and Reporting System from 1980 to 2009. Serum samples of patients were tested for IgM antibody of dengue by ELISA. Results: The total cases were 1647 from 1980 to 2009, in which 1619 cases and 2 dead cases were reported in the outbreak of dengue fever in 1980 and 1986, no dengue fever primary cases were reported after 1987, 26 imported cases were reported from 2006 to 2009. Conclusion; Imported cases of dengue fever increase in recent years in Guangxi, we should strengthen monitoring and prevention in border areas, avoiding local infection or outbreaks.%目的:分析广西登革热疫情的动态变化和流行特征,为登革热流行趋势的预测、预警和制定防治对策提供科学依据.方法:对广西1980年- 2009年传染病报告系统报告的登革热疫情资料进行分析,用ELISA法对病例血清标本进行登革热IgM抗体检测.结果:1980年-2009年广西共报告登革热病例1647例,其中1980年和1986年广西局部地区发生了登革热暴发流行,共报告病例1619例,死亡2例,1987年后广西无登革热原发病例报告,2006年- 2009年报告输入性病例26例.结论:广西近几年报告的登革热输入性病例增多,应加强边境地区的监测和防控,避免出现因输入病例引起的本地感染或局部暴发疫情.

  20. Potential Impacts of Highway Construction on Biodiversity in Guangxi, China%广西公路建设对生物多样性的潜在影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄晓霞; 江源; 丁佼; 和克俭; 张勇; 秦雨

    2013-01-01

    根据广西的生物多样性特征,以及因公路网络对景观结构的改变而造成的对生物多样性的潜在影响,文章主要通过公路阻隔效应指数(I)及公路对生物多样性影响指数(B),运用GIS技术,以5 km×5 km的像元为单元格计算各指数的数值,从而确定广西公路建设对生物多样性影响的区域特征及差异.结果表明,桂北山区、桂西南岩溶山区和广西边缘山区是生物多样性最易受到公路建设影响的区域,这些地区的生物多样性敏感而特殊,需要特别注意采取必要的保护措施.%In order to reveal the highway construction impacts on local biodiversity and analyze the difference of those impacts over Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, the following indexes were calculated based on the pixels of 5 kmx5 km with GIS support. Biodiversity impact index (B) and segregation index (I) were applied to evaluate the intensity of potential impacts of highway construction on local biodiversity, and the segregation index (I) was the segregation grade of fauna and flora for a mesh in highway network. The result shows that, the North and southwest mountainous areas, and the marginal mountainous areas of Guangxi, are of high diversity in vegetation types and rich in endemic plants. For the sake of the highway management at present and the highway design and construction in future, special attention should be paid to biodiversity conservation and biological invasion prevention.

  1. Declining Inconsistent Condom Use but Increasing HIV and Syphilis Prevalence Among Older Male Clients of Female Sex Workers: Analysis From Sentinel Surveillance Sites (2010-2015), Guangxi, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Yi; Abraham Bussell, Scottie; Shen, Zhiyong; Tang, Zhenzhu; Lan, Guanghua; Zhu, Qiuying; Liu, Wei; Tang, Shuai; Li, Rongjian; Huang, Wenbo; Huang, Yuman; Liang, Fuxiong; Wang, Lu; Shao, Yiming; Ruan, Yuhua

    2016-05-01

    Clients of female sex workers (CFSWs) are a bridge population for the spread of HIV and syphilis to low or average risk heterosexuals. Most studies have examined the point prevalence of these infections in CFSWs. Limited evidence suggests that older age CFSWs are at a higher risk of acquiring sexually transmitted diseases compared with younger clients. Thus, we sought to describe long-term trends in HIV, syphilis, and hepatitis C (HCV) to better understand how these infections differ by sex worker classification and client age. We also examined trends in HIV, syphilis, and HCV among categories of female sex workers (FSWs).We conducted serial cross-sectional studies from 2010 to 2015 in Guangxi autonomous region, China. We collected demographic and behavior variables. FSWs and their clients were tested for HIV, syphilis, and HCV antibodies. Positive HIV and syphilis serologies were confirmed by Western blot and rapid plasma regain, respectively. Clients were categorized as middle age (40-49 years) and older clients (≥50 years). FSWs were categorized as high-tier, middle-tier, or low-tier based on the payment amount charged for sex and their work venue. Chi-square test for trends was used for testing changes in prevalence over time.By 2015, low-tier FSWs (LTFSWs) accounted for almost half of all FSWs; and they had the highest HIV prevalence at 1.4%. HIV prevalence declined significantly for FSWs (high-tier FSW, P = 0.003; middle-tier FSWs; P = 0.021; LTFSWs, P < 0.001). Syphilis infections significantly declined for FSWs (P < 0.001) but only to 7.3% for LTFSWs. HCV and intravenous drug use were uncommon in FSWs. HIV prevalence increased for older age clients (1.3%-2.0%, P = 0.159) while syphilis prevalence remained stable. HCV infections were halved among older clients in 3 years (1.7%-0.8%, P < 0.001). Condom use during the last sexual encounter increased for FSWs and CFSWs. Few clients reported sex with men or intravenous drug use. Clients

  2. Research on Guangxi Beibu Gulf Regional Financial Development%广西北部湾区域金融发展问题研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许康平

    2014-01-01

    广西北部湾区域金融发展过程中,金融业发展得不到应有的重视,环境管制太严格,导致金融业总体发展水平不高。应加强北部湾区域内金融监管部门间的合作,建立北部湾各地间的金融协调机制,优化北部湾经济区的金融支持体系;加强与珠三角区域金融人才培养和交流的力度,加强与珠三角区域金融监管当局之间的合作,促进与珠三角区域金融市场一体化;加强与东盟国家区域金融合作,构建中国-东盟自贸区区域金融多个层次合作的机制,建立中国-东盟自贸区经济区贸易结算体系;建立以南宁为中心的区域金融中心。%Little attention has been paid to financial industry development in Guangxi Beibu Gulf regional eco-nomic development process. The low overall development level of the financial industry emerges out of too rigid environmental regulation. Accordingly, efforts should be made to: (a) strengthen the co-operations between differ-ent financial supervision and regulation departments in Guangxi Beibu Gulf areas, develop financial coordination mechanism across Beibu Gulf areas, and optimize financial support system for the Beibu Gulf Economic Zone; (b) step up regional financial talents training and communication with the Pearl River Delta, intensify co-operations between the financial regulatory authorities so as to promote integration with the Pearl River Delta regional fi-nancial markets; (c) enhance regional financial co-operations with ASEAN countries, construct CAFTA multiple level financial cooperation mechanism and develop CAFTA trade settlement system; (d) establish Nanning-cen-tered regional financial center.

  3. Geochemical characteristics and genesis in Pengcun-Panlong Pb-Zn deposit of Guangxi%广西朋村-盘龙铅锌矿地球化学特征及矿床成因

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁国宝; 胡明安; 杨振

    2015-01-01

    Pengcun-Panlong Pb-Zn deposit occurs in the south of Pb-Zn polymetalic mineralication district in western Dayaoshan of Guangxi.The orebodies are found in the fracture zone of Lower Devonian Shanglun For-mation and Guanqiao Formation.It is jointly controlled by layers, lithologies and structure.The mineral assem-blage of the ore deposit is simple, most are sphalerite, galena, pyrite, etc.The lead-zinc ores δ34 S are from-1.51‰ to10 .23‰,δDSMOW from -40‰ to -24‰,δ18OH2O from -6.27‰ to-1.78‰.∑REE is lower , from 3.565 ×10 -6 to 12.43 ×10 -6.The organic matter of ore and wall rock are from 3.24% to 10.21%.Based on the sulfur isotopic, hydrogen-oxygen isotopic, trace elements, rare elements and organism analyses, it is concluded that the ore-forming substances mostly came from the strata and partially from the anatectic magma . Ore fluid was the hot brines which came from the meteoric water.Mineral inclusion data indicates that the hom-ogeneous temperature is 90-230 ℃.Geochemical data shows that genetic type of the Pb-Zn deposit ,ranges from low to medium sedimentation-hot brines reformed deposit.%朋村-盘龙铅锌矿位于广西大瑶山西侧铜铅锌多金属成矿带南段, 矿体产于下泥盆统上伦组白云岩和官桥组白云岩NE向层间挤压破碎带中, 明显受层位、 岩性、 构造的联合控制, 矿石中矿物组合简单, 主要为闪锌矿、 黄铁矿和方铅矿等. 对硫同位素、 氢氧同位素、 微量元素、 稀土元素、 有机质等矿床地球化学特征进行了研究: 铅锌矿石的δ34S值为-1.51‰ ~10.23‰,δDSMOW为-40‰~-24‰,δ18OH2O为-6.27‰~-1.78‰;矿石的∑REE较低, 为(3.565~12.43) ×10 -6; 矿石及围岩的有机质含量为3.24%~10.21%. 成矿物质来源以地层为主, 部分可能来自深源岩浆, 成矿流体为大气降水渗入形成的地下含矿热卤水,矿物包裹体数据显示均一温度为90~230 ℃, 矿床成因类型为中低温沉积-热卤水改造型铅锌矿.

  4. 权与能之争:抗战时期广西省临时参议会与省政府%Conflicts between Guangxi Provisional Provincial Assembly and Guangxi Provincial Government in the Period of Anti-Japanese War

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓军

    2011-01-01

    抗战时期,广西省临时参议会与省政府之间形成了激烈的冲突,其原因是:由于省临时参议会和省政府对于省临时参议会的性质、职权的认识不统一;省政府对省临时参议会的决议案实施不力加剧了双方的冲突;省临时参议会议长李任仁与省政府主席黄旭初在学理、政见、利益上的一系列矛盾,构成了民意机关与政府机关对立的深层原因。冲突的存在说明抗日战争时期作为民意机关的省临时参议会制度尽管从表面上已经建立,但难以发挥应有的功能。%During the Period of Anti-Japanese War,Guangxi Provisional Provincial Assembly vetoed a dozen of bills which were submitted by Guangxi Government which formed a violent conflict between the two organizations.Three reasons can be explained for this consequence.The Conflicts between Provisional Provincial Assembly and Provincial Government demonstrated that even though the Provisional Provincial Assembly system—the public body—had been established,it has little authority to act out its function that it should have.

  5. Volcanic perturbations of the marine environment in South China preceding the latest Permian mass extinction and their biotic effects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, J; Algeo, T J; Zhou, L; Feng, Q; Yu, J; Ellwood, B

    2012-01-01

    The Dongpan section in southern Guangxi Province records the influence of local volcanic activity on marine sedimentation at intermediate water depths (~200-500 m) in the Nanpanjiang Basin (South China) during the late Permian crisis. We analyzed ~100 samples over a 12-m-thick interval, generating palynological, paleobiological, and geochemical datasets to investigate the nature and causes of environmental changes. The section records at least two major volcanic episodes that culminated in deposition of approximately 25- to 35-cm-thick ash layers (bentonites) and that had profound effects on conditions in both the Dongpan marine environment and adjacent land areas. Intensification of eruptive activity during each volcanic cycle resulted in a shift toward conifer forests, increased wildfire intensity, and elevated subaerial weathering fluxes. The resulting increase in nutrient fluxes stimulated marine productivity in the short term but led to a negative feedback on productivity in the longer term as the OMZ of the Nanpanjiang Basin expanded, putting both phytoplankton and zooplankton communities under severe stress. Radiolarians exhibit large declines in diversity and abundance well before the global mass extinction horizon, demonstrating the diachroneity of the marine biotic crisis. The latest Permian crisis, which was probably triggered by the Siberian Traps flood basalts, intensified the destructive effects of the earlier local eruptions on terrestrial and marine ecosystems of the South China craton.

  6. An Analysis on the Construction of Geopark and the Exploitation Of Characteristic Tourism in Beibu Gulf Economic Zone of Guangxi%广西北部湾经济区地质公园建设及特色旅游开发探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄松; 李燕林

    2015-01-01

    Geological heritages are the tourism resources with unique features and advantages in Beibu Gulf Economic Zone of Guangxi.The construction of geopark and characteristic tourism exploration in this zone are the effective ways to promote innovative development of tourism which is an important local pillar industry.Beibu Gulf Economic Zone of Guangxi has an alternative list of geoparks for the construction one of a global geopark,five national geoparks and three provincial level geoparks,which comprise a geopark network system together with two other completed national geoparks and nine natural reserves (forest park and national park)similar to geopark.As for the characteristic tourism of geopark,great efforts should be made in expanding the system,which is composed of geological wonders watching,leisure resort,scientific exploration and cultural experience.Therefore,enough attention should be attached to exploiting the four maj or geopark sightseeing routes such as the North Route Karst Caves,the Tropic of Cancer,East Route Danxia Cave,Thermal Spring Wonderland,South Route Volcanic Islands,Coastal Scenic,West Route Alpine Forest and Transnational Waterfall.%地质遗迹是广西北部湾经济区的优势特色旅游资源,地质公园建设及特色旅游开发是推动该区重要支柱产业旅游业创新发展的有效途径。广西北部湾经济区可以确定1个世界地质公园、5个国家地质公园和3个自治区级地质公园的地质公园建设备选名录,它们与该区2个已建国家地质公园和9个具有地质公园性质的自然保护区(森林公园、风景名胜区)等共同构成地质公园网络体系。发展广西北部湾经济区地质公园特色旅游应积极构建由地质奇观观光游、休闲度假游、科普考察游、文化体验游组成的产品体系,可以着力开发北线岩溶洞穴、北回归线之旅,东线丹霞洞天、温泉仙境之旅,南线火山海岛、滨海风情之旅,西线高

  7. Parsing of guangxi traditional tools——Rice shears%解析广西传统工具——禾剪

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许边疆; 孙林

    2015-01-01

    In Guangxi, Rice shears are traditional tools for harvest grain-heads.The initial prototype is neolithic clam knife, later evolved into artiifcial tools. Generaly, there are two categories of Rice shears, the rope type rice shears and grip type rice shears. These two kinds of rice shears structure are diferent, but both the same function, relfect the wisdom of the laboring people. This paper makes a detailed analysis of the form, function, material process, using method and history of this kind of tool from the angle of design.%在广西,禾剪是收割谷穗的传统工具.其最初的原型是新石器时代的蚌刀,后来演变成了一种人造工具.概括地看,禾剪形制有两大类,即套绳式禾剪和握杆式禾剪.这两类禾剪结构虽迥异,但功能一致,体现出了劳动人民的聪明与才智.本文从设计学的角度对这类工具的形态、功能、材料工艺、使用方式及历史沿革做了具体解读.

  8. Water resource bearing capacity study for Xijiang River economic belt in Guangxi%广西西江经济带水资源承载力研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙夏平

    2014-01-01

    分析西江经济带现状供用水情况,计算西江经济带可利用水资源潜力并进行评价;按照实行最严格水资源管理制度要求,分析西江经济带水资源承载力,并提出合理调整经济布局、加快产业结构调整、转变用水方式,以及加强水资源管理等建议。%For the Xijiang River economic belt in Guangxi,the author analyzed the current status of water supply and demands;calculated and appraised the potential of water resources;predicted the bearing capacity of water re-sources in accordance with requirements of the most strict water resources administration system;and proposed to properly adjust the economic layout,accelerate adjustment of industrial structure,change water use mode,and strengthen administration of water resources.

  9. 广西南宁市种子植物区系的特征%Flora Characteristics of Spermatophyte in Nanning City of Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨宁; 李矿明; 黎育成; 马立荣; 刘恩林; 张亚威

    2015-01-01

    According to the preliminary statistics,There were 2 706 kinds of wild spermatophyte in Nanning city of Guangxi province,belong to 197 families,967 genus.Based on the research about the families and ge-nus of spermatophyte,most of spermatophyte are tropical plants in Nanning city,and there are plenty of specific plants,specific to be which the model samples were found in Nanning city and the national protective plants in this city.%初步统计,广西南宁有野生(含逸生)种子植物2706种,隶属197科967属。通过对种子植物科属进行研究表明,南宁种子植物地理成分比较丰富,均以热带地理成分为主,特有植物或模式标本产于南宁的准特有植物以及国家重点保护的野生植物较多。

  10. The 982 Ma Re-Os age of copper-nickel sulfide ores in the Baotan area, Guangxi and its geological significance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    毛景文; 杜安道

    2002-01-01

    Re-Os dating on copper-nickel sulfide ores from the Baotan area, Guangxi, yielded an ore-forming age of 982±21 Ma(2σ), which demonstrates that copper-nickel sulfide deposits and their related mafic-ultramafic rocks occurred in the same period of time with the ophiolites in northeastern Jiangxi. Both of them are the products of collision-convergence between the Cathaysian plate and Yangtze plate and the subsequent extensional environment. Calculation of the γOs of the 982 Ma copper-nickel sulfide ores and its correlation with Re/Os indicate that injection-type massive ores display lower γOs values(-15.6 to -8.2) and lower Re/Os ratios(0.32 to 0.43), while basal liquation-type ores have γOs= -27.9 to -7.3 and Re/Os=5.36 to 11.24. This suggests that these copper-nickel sulfide ores and their related mafic-ultramafic rocks were derived from a Re-depleted mantle source and that contamination with some crustal material occurred during their intrusion.

  11. Effects of alcohol consumption and other lifestyle behaviors on blood pressure for the middle-aged and elderly in the Guangxi Hei Yi Zhuang and Han populations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yin, Ruixing; Li, Hui; Wu, Jinzhen; Lin, Weixiong; Yang, Dezhai; Pan, Shangling; Huang, Jiandong; Long, Xiuyan

    2007-12-01

    Han is the largest group and Zhuang is the largest minority among the 56 ethnic groups in China. Geographically and linguistically, Zhuang can be classified into 43 ethnic subgroups, in which Hei Yi Zhuang is proved to be the most conservative subgroup. Little is known about the relationship between alcohol consumption and blood pressure levels in this population. Therefore, the present study was undertaken to compare the effects of alcohol consumption and other lifestyle behaviors on blood pressure levels for the middle-aged and elderly in the Guangxi Hei Yi Zhuang and Han populations. A total of 657 subjects of Hei Yi Zhuang aged 40 and older were surveyed by a stratified randomized cluster sampling. Information on demography, diet, and other lifestyle factors was collected by standard questionnaires. Anthropometric parameters and serum lipid levels were also obtained in all subjects. The results were compared with those in 520 participants of Han Chinese from the same region. The levels of systolic blood pressure and pulse pressure in Hei Yi Zhuang were higher than those in Han (P sodium intake, educational level, physical activity, and even genetic factors.

  12. Mental health status of Guangxi provincial prison polices%广西监狱警察心理健康状况研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周芳珍; 许祖年; 石广念; 王永芳; 雷黎; 阮晓晶; 覃电泽

    2015-01-01

    Objective To understand the mental health status of Guangxi provincial prison police. Meth-ods A total of 656 (effective questionnaire 649 )prison polices in Guangxi Province were questionnaire sur-veyed by using Symptom Checklist 90 (SCL - 90 ),Life Event Scale (LES),Social Support Rating Scale (SSRS),Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire (SCSQ),personality traits (EPQ-adult)Scale. Results A percentage of 24.04% of those surveyed Guangxi provincial prison polices were found to have mental disorders. Total score of SCL-90 and each factor (except for relationships,paranoia,hostility,psychosis factor)scored of prison police who guard the felons were significantly higher than those of prison police who guard the misde-meanors (P <0.05 or P <0.01).Total score of SCL-90 and each factor (except relationships,anxiety,hos-tility,psychosis factor)score of front-line prison police were significantly higher than those of agencies police (P <0.05 or P <0.01).Negative life events unit value (LEU),life events per unit of gross(total LEU)and negative coping scores of mental disorders group were higher than those of without mental disorder groups. Subjective support,objective support,utilization of social support,positive response scores of mental disorders group were significantly lower than those of without mental disorders group (P <0.05 or P <0.01).Group-paired comparison of neuroticism (N),inside and outside the propensity (E)scores showed statistically signifi-cantly differences (P <0.05 or P <0.01). Conclusion Mental health status of Guangxi prison police is rela-tively poor.The mental health status of felon police and frontline prison police were poorer than that of misde-meanor police and agencies police;psychological disorder prison police has high incidence of negative life e-vents,and its lack of subjective support,objective support and utilization of social support,less active coping style,more passive coping style.Their personality is introverted and emotionally

  13. Speech of National Construction and National Policies of New Guangxi Junta%民族建设话语与新桂系的民族政策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韦福安

    2012-01-01

    The basic connotation of national construction is the identification of politics and national culture in a country. The New Guangxi Junta met the need of national construction to take national policies and sacrifice the equal rights of minorities.%民族建设的基本涵义是同一国家之内实现政治和民族文化的统一化。民国时期中国的民族建设话语是孙中山的“民族同化”思想和国民党的中央集权主义。广西新桂系势力迎合了这一民族建设诉求,实施了各项民族政策.取得一定的成就,同时也牺牲了少数民族的平等权利。但不管是民国时期的民族建设话语还是新桂系的民族政策.都必须“民族政策以民族平等团结、巩固和维系中华民族多元一体格局为基准,才能实现民族建设的目标。”

  14. 广西滨海体育旅游带开发研究%On the Sports Tourism Zone Development in Coastal Areas of Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄东教

    2016-01-01

    This paper analyzed the prospects of sports tourism zone development in coastal areas of Guangxi,and put forward its definition and explanation. Then,the paper further explored its foundation of location and resources,etc. ,and discussed the development principles including the integration of policy and system,equal stress on planning and adjustment,co-implementation of hardware and software,and win-win of benefits and value. More suggestions including improving the publicity system,establis-hing the operation mechanism,developing high quality products,promoting brand awareness,and advocating sustainable develop-ment were proposed.%根据广西滨海体育旅游发展前景,应构建广西滨海体育旅游带基础,建立政策与制度共融、规划与调适并重、软件与硬件同施、效益与价值齐驱的开发原则,并需构建宣传体系、建立运行机构、形成高优产品、树立品牌意识,促进广西滨海体育旅游业持续发展。

  15. 广西石漠化综合治理研究进展及展望%Research Progress and Prospects of Rocky Desertification Comprehensive Treatment in Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    申文辉

    2014-01-01

    The research progress of rocky desertification comprehensive treatment in Guangxi was sum-marized in recent 30 years. It was focused on research progress and achievements of forming reason, soil characters and water and soil loss, community characteristics and biodiversity, species choice and treat-ment model, and comprehensive effect and evaluation. Solution to problems on rocky desertification and research emphasis in the future were proposed.%总结近30年来广西石漠化综合治理研究进展情况,重点阐述广西石漠化的形成原因、土壤特性及水土流失、群落特征与植物多样性、树种选择与治理模式、综合效应与评价等方面的研究进展及取得的成绩,并就存在的问题提出了解决方法和今后研究重点。

  16. Wetland Protection Call for Guangxi Local Legislation%会仙湿地保护呼唤广西地方立法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁萍

    2011-01-01

    Huixian wetland is one of the key city-building strategy Confirmed by Gulin"Twelfth-Five Year Plan".The lack of local legislation of wetland protection would bring defects to protect Huixian wetland effective and orderly.It should accelerate the pace of Guangxi special legislation for wetlands,establish the concept of protection priority and rational use legislative,clear the scope and key of wetland protection,strengthen the protection of the wetland through legal means and ecosystem efforts to achieve environmental,economic and social sustainable development.%会仙湿地是桂林市"十二五"规划确定的城市建设战略重点之一,但广西湿地保护地方立法的欠缺给会仙湿地保护的有效、有序开展带来极大缺憾,亟需加快广西湿地专门立法步伐,确立湿地生态保护优先、合理利用的立法理念,明确湿地保护范围和保护重点,通过法律手段强化湿地生态系统的保护力度,实现环境、经济和社会的可持续协调发展。

  17. Cognitive function of 320 people over 65 years from longevous areas in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region:Feasibility of the mini-mental state examination

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yeguang Wu; Bin Wei; Xiaoming Zhang; Guobing Zhang; Chunlin Zhang; Zhibin Li; Chenghan Wei; Jinchao Chen; Donglan Huang; Rong Zhao; Jinrui Huang

    2006-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Mini-mental state examination (MMSE) of Chinese version has been widely used to survey cognitive function of elder people; especially, it shows a good reliability and validity for elder people in city.However, whether it is beneficial to measure cognitive function of elder people in countries in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region should be further studied.OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility, reliability and validity of the cognitive function among the elderly people aged over 65 years from Jiazhuan in Bama County of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region by using the MMSE of Chinese version.DESIGN: Prevalence survey.SETTING: Department of Psychology, Nanjing Municipal Social Welfare Hospital; Department of Psychology,Yizhou Municipal Jiulong Railroad Hospital; Long Life's Institute of Bama County.PARTICIPANTS: A total of 320 old persons over 65 years old were sampled on the basis of the unit of village of Jiazhuan in Bama County of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region from the 12th to 28th, March 2004. All the subjects provided the confirmed consents.METHODS: ① Mental Health Questionnaire of long life's old man was adopted including demographic data and international standardized MMSE in Chinese. The survey of MMSE was divided into two phases: In the first phase, every case was examined by MMSE. The positive result was decided by the education level. Illiterate group, who was educated less than one year, then his MMSE scores must be less than 17; primary school group, who was educated from 1 to 6 years, then his MMSE must be less than 20; middle school group, who was educated more than 7 years, then his MMSE must be less than 24. In the second phase, these cases with positive MMSE score were given the neuro-psycho and mental health examination to confirm the dementia types after diagnosis. The content of the questionnaire was revised properly without changing the meaning of the questionnaire. The interclass correlation coefficient of MMSE was 0.89.

  18. Design and construction of tunnel pavement on Guangxi highway%广西高速公路隧道路面的设计与施工

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖锋

    2011-01-01

    介绍了广西高速公路隧道中所采用的基于永久性路面或长寿命设计理念的隧道路面结构形式,以及隧道路面中所采用的新结构、新材料与新工艺;并对连续配筋混凝土路面结构层的设计与施工进行了简要介绍,对今后同类隧道路面施工具有一定指导意义。%This thesis introduces the tunnel pavement structure form on Guangxi highway tunnel based on eternal pavement and long life design concept, and new structure, new material, and new technology used in tunnel pavement as well, and briefly expounds the design and construction of continuous reinforcement concrete pavement structure, which has certain guiding significance for future similar tunnel pavement construction.

  19. 论广西农垦农业产业化建设%On the Construction of Agriculture Industrialization of Guangxi Agriculture & Cultivation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈飞霞

    2013-01-01

      农业产业化是对我国农业经营体制机制的创新,是现代农业发展的方向,是构建现代农业产业体系的重要内容。文章分析了广西农垦管区农业现有的经营体系,结合广西农垦实际,就如何推进其农业产业化建设进行了初步的探讨,并从观念转变、产业规划、龙头带动、创新体制、融资、完善市场体系、走特色路子等方面提出了发展的对策。%Agriculture Industrialization is a innovation to the agriculture operation system, and is basic trend of modern agri-culture as well as the important content of constructing the modern agricultural industry technology system. The paper analyzes the current agricultural management system in the districts of Guangxi agriculture& cultivation and discusses how to advance agricultural industrialization in combined with work practice. And then puts forward the development of countermeasures from the aspects of concept change, industry plans, leading to drive, innovation system, financing, improving the market system, the characters of agriculture, etc.

  20. 广西假糙苏属植物增补%A Supplement to the Paraphlomis (Lamiaceae) from Guangxi,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    严克俭; 方鼎

    2009-01-01

    Two new taxa and two newly recorded species of the Paraphlomis from Guangxi,China are reported.The two new taxa are P.javanica(Blume)Prain var.pteropoda D.Fang & K J.Yan and P.javanica(Blume)Prain var.angustifolia(C.Y.Wu)C.Y.Wu & H. W.Li f.albinervia D.Fang & K. J.Yan.The two newly recorded species are P.hispida C.Y.Wu and P.subcoriacea C.Y.Wu ex H.W.Li.%报道假糙苏属(Paraphlomis)植物在中国广西2个新分类群和2个新记录种.2个新分类群是翅柄假糙苏(P.javanica(Blume)Prain var.pteropoda D.Fang & K. J.Yan)和白脉狭叶假糙苏(P.javanica(Blume)Prain var.angustifolia (C.Y. Wu)C.Y.Wu&H. W.Li f.albinervia D.Fang & K J.Yan).2个新记录种是刚毛假糙苏(P.hispida C.Y.Wu)和近革叶假糙苏(P.subcoriacea C.Y Wu ex H. W.Li).

  1. Genetic relationship between silver-lead-zinc mineralization in the Wutong deposit, Guangxi Province and Mesozoic granitic magmatism in the Nanling belt, southeast China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lecumberri-Sanchez, Pilar; Romer, Rolf L.; Lüders, Volker; Bodnar, Robert J.

    2014-03-01

    More than 50 % of the world's total reserves of tungsten are in China and most tungsten deposits are located in the Nanling range in southeast China. This study explores the potential genetic relationship between tungsten-tin (W-Sn) mineralization and shallower Ag-Pb-Zn deposits in the Nanling range based on data from the Wutong deposit, Guangxi Province. The lead, oxygen, carbon, sulfur, and strontium isotopic compositions of minerals at Wutong indicate that a single crustal-derived fluid was responsible for mineralization. Wutong likely formed at relatively low temperatures (˜200-300 °C) and low pressures, as indicated by the similarity between homogenization temperatures of fluid inclusions and those estimated from S isotopic compositions of minerals. The hübnerite age (92.3-104.4 Ma) indicates that the Wutong mineralization is likely related to nearby Late Yanshanian (Cretaceous) S-type granites derived from Proterozoic crust. This mineralization event coincides with the last W-Sn mineralization event and the Cretaceous peak of mineralization in the Nanling range.

  2. Research on soil multi-media environmental pollution around a Pb-Zn mining and smelting plant in the karst area of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Southwest China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DENG Chaobing; WANG Shuangfei; LI Fasheng

    2009-01-01

    The method of principal component analysis was applied to systematical research on the soil multi-media environment, including soil, surface water, ground water, waterbody sediment and agricultural crops, as well as pollution-inducing wastewater, mullock (or waste ore) and slag in the periphery of a large-sized Pb-Zn mining and smelting plant in a karst area of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. The results revealed that soils in the area studied have been heavily polluted by Cd, Zn, Pb and Hg, and the levels of these metals in the samples of agricultural crop greatly exceed the standards. The above-mentioned pollutants exist in all soil-multi-media environments. The mullock, slag, wastewater, surface water, ground water, soil, and agricultural crops constitute a composite ecological chain. Therefore, the improper disposal of mullock and slag, and the use of polluted wastewater for agricultural irrigation are the main causes of soil pollution. Heavy metals in the soil have three transition progresses: point (improved soil with slag, ground water inflow plot), linear (river transition) and non-point transition (regional pollution by slag) patterns, and the tailing yard is the most important locus for heavy metals to release into the environment.

  3. Research on Customer Satisfaction of Local Commercial Bank in Guangxi Province%广西地方性商业银行客户满意度分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨燚; 张日明

    2015-01-01

    提升客户满意度是商业银行提高其竞争力、获利的关键所在.客户满意度分析是建立和强化地方性商业银行满足客户能力的基础.文章利用调查问卷对广西四家地方性商业银行的客户满意度进行调查分析,找出其服务中存在的不足,并为其进一步提高客户满意度水平提出了改进措施.%Customer satisfaction is the commercial Banks to improve its competitiveness and the key to profit. Customer satisfaction analysis is to establish and strengthen the basis of local commercial banks to meet the customers' ability. In this paper, using the questionnaire of Guangxi four local commercial bank customer satisfaction investigation analysis, find out the insufficiency in its service, and further improve the level of customer satisfaction for its improvement measures are put forward.

  4. Study of Development Prospects of Seenrichedtea in Guangxi Province%浅谈广西富硒茶的发展前景

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁月超; 刘初生; 卿燕

    2014-01-01

    Selenium is an essential trace element for humanhealth .T he concentration of selenium in tea is 0 .08~ 0 .12ppm ,which is higher than driedsweet potato ,corn ,barley ,wheat ,rice ,soybeans and rapeseed ,so the tea is highselenium resources in human food chain links .80% ofSelenium from theSe -enriched teaare pro-tein organic selenium w hich is good forhuman .T heSe-enriched tea has reputation of“King of anticancer”and“King of antioxidant” ,because ithas the functions of anti -aging ,prevent cancer ,anti -cancer ,anti -radia-tion and improving the body immunity ,can effectively prevent Keshan disease ,Kashin-Beck disease ,myopi-a ,cataracts and other 40 kinds of diseases ,and alsohas very good health care function for smokers .This arti-cle introduces the functions of high Selenium tea ,and proposes that Guangxi should develop theSe -enriched teaunder the conditions of having dominantecological resources andgeographical location .%介绍了富硒茶的功能,根据广西富硒茶的现状提出了广西茶叶应在生态资源,地理区位占优势的条件下开发富硒茶,探讨了广西富硒茶的发展前景。

  5. [Occurrence dynamics of migratory pest insects Cnaphalocrocis medinalis and Sogatella furcifera in transgenic Bt rice field in Xing'an County of Guangxi Province].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sui, He; Li, Zhi-Yi; Xu, Yan-Bo; Han, Chao; Han, Lan-Zhi; Chen, Fa-Jun

    2011-11-01

    An investigation was conducted in Xing' an County of Guangxi Province in 2010 to study the occurrence and damage characteristics of two unique migratory pest insects, rice leaffolder (Cnaphalocrocis medinalis) and white-backed planthopper (Sogatella furcifera), in a transgenic Bt rice (cv. HH1 with dual Cry1Ab+Cry1Ac genes) field, taking the corresponding non-transgenic parent (cv. MH63) field as the control. No significant differences were observed in the abundance of C. medinalis eggs and larvae in the two fields, but the percentage of fold-leaf plants and the fold-leaf rate per plant were significantly lower in transgenic Bt rice field than in the control, suggesting that transgenic Bt rice had higher resistance against the target pest insect C. medinalis. As for S. furcifera, its occurrence dynamics of nymphs, adults (including macro- and brachypterous forms), and whole population had no significant differences between the two fields, but the abundance of the nymphs and brachypterous adults at the peak stage of S. furcifera occurrence was obviously higher in transgenic Bt rice field than in the control, while the macropterous abundance was in adverse. The sex ratio of female of the macropterous adults at the late growth stage of rice was generally lower in transgenic Bt rice field than in the control. These results suggested that under the background of large area commercial production of transgenic Bt rice, the occurrence and harm of the non-target pest insect S. furcifera could become more complicated.

  6. Gene expression and enzyme activity of lipoprotein lipase correlate with intramuscular fat content in Guangxi san-huang and Arbor Acres chickens.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Y N; Wang, J; Chen, B J; Jiang, Q Y; Guo, Y F; Lan, G Q; Jiang, H S

    2016-01-01

    Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) is a key enzyme in lipid metabolism. This study investigated LPL gene expression, LPL enzyme activity, and the correlation of each with intramuscular fat (IMF) in Chinese Guangxi san-huang (GXSH) and Arbor Acres (AA) chickens. The results showed that age and breed had significant effects on LPL expression and enzyme activity. Correlation analyses showed significant positive correlations between LPL expression levels and IMF contents in the breast and thigh tissues of both GXSH (r = 0.712, P = 0.001; r = 0.792, P < 0.001, respectively) and AA (r = 0.644, P < 0.001; r = 0.545, P < 0.001, respectively) chickens. The results also indicated a significant positive correlation between LPL enzyme activity and IMF contents in the breast and thigh tissues of both GXSH (r = 0.615, P = 0.001; r = 0.685, P < 0.001, respectively) and AA (r = 0.600, P = 0.001; r = 0.528, P = 0.003, respectively) chickens. The results indicated that the LPL gene was significantly correlated with IMF in these two breeds. The results presented here could contribute to knowledge of LPL mRNA developmental expression patterns and enzyme activity, and it could facilitate further research on the molecular mechanisms underlying IMF deposition in chickens.

  7. Modeling daily reference ET in the karst area of northwest Guangxi (China) using gene expression programming (GEP) and artificial neural network (ANN)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Sheng; Fu, Zhi-yong; Chen, Hong-song; Nie, Yun-peng; Wang, Ke-lin

    2016-11-01

    Nonlinear complexity is a characteristic of hydrologic processes. Using fewer model parameters is recommended to reduce error. This study investigates, and compares, the ability of gene expression programming (GEP) and artificial neural network (ANN) techniques in modeling ET0 by using fewer meteorological parameters in the karst area of northwest Guangxi province, China. Over a 5-year period (2008-2012), meteorological data consisting of maximum and minimum air temperature, relative humidity, wind speed, and sunshine duration were collected from four weather stations: BaiSe, DuAn, HeChi, and RongAn. The ET0 calculated by the FAO-56 PM equation was used as a reference to evaluate results for GEP, ANN, and Hargreaves models. The coefficient of determination ( R 2) and the root mean square error (RMSE) were used as statistical indicators. Evaluations revealed that GEP, and ANN, can be used to successfully model ET0. In most cases, when using the same input variables, ANN models were superior to GEP. We then established ET0 equations with fewer parameters under various conditions. GEP can produce simple explicit mathematical formulations which are easier to use than the ANN models.

  8. Isolation and identification of endophytic fungi in roots of nine Holcoglossum plants (Orchidaceae) collected from Yunnan, Guangxi, and Hainan provinces of China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tan, Xiao-Ming; Chen, Xiao-Mei; Wang, Chun-Lan; Jin, Xiao-Hua; Cui, Jin-Long; Chen, Juan; Guo, Shun-Xing; Zhao, Li-Fang

    2012-02-01

    Holcoglossum is one of the smaller genera of Orchidaceae, mainly distributed in southwest China. Some members of this genus as well as H. rupestre and H. flavescens are endemic and rare Chinese orchids. As far as we know, little work has been done concerning the relationships between the Holcoglossum plants and endophytic microorganisms. In this study, 46 culturable fungal endophytes were isolated and identified from roots of nine Holcoglossum plants collected from Yunnan, Guangxi, and Hainan provinces of China based on molecular techniques. The results showed that all strains belonged to four classes, i.e., Sordariomycetes (41.30%), Dothideomycetes (36.96%), Agaricomycetes (17.39%), Leotiomycetes (4.35%). Thirty-six strains were identified at the genus level, including Alternaria, Cladosporium, Clonostachys, Colletotrichum, Cosmospora, Cryptosporiopsis, Cylindrocarpon, Didymella, Epulorhiza (Anamorphic Tulasnella), Fusarium, Myrmecridium, Leptosphaeria, Paraconiothyrium, Phomopsis, Pyrenochaeta, and Stephanonectria. Fusarium and Epulorhiza (Anamorphic Tulasnella) were the dominant fungal endophytes. Some orchids mycorrhizal fungi as well as Tulasnella calospora and Epulorhiza sp. were found in roots. This is the first report concerning endophytic fungi from Holcoglossum plants (Orchidaceae), suggesting that endophytic fungi in Holcoglossum plants are very abundant.

  9. On the Integration of Hakka Folk and Guangxi National%略谈客家民俗与广西各民族风俗融合

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    滕云

    2013-01-01

      Hakka, as a branch of the Han ethnic, migrated from the Central Plains, their ancestral land, to the southern part of the country. By absorbing indigenous cultures, they formed their own unique Hakka folkways in the following aspects: politics, business, food, clothing, houses and Hakka folk songs. These unique styles reflect the characteristics of integrating with the indigenous culture of Guangxi. They are also vivid manifestations of national integration, as well as the representations of the Hakka people’s living in harmony with the local people of all nationalities.%  客家人作为汉民族的一个支系,从中原祖地迁徙至南方各地,对迁入地土著文化兼收并蓄,形成了客家民俗在政治、商业、饮食、服饰、民居及客家山歌等多方面的独特风貌,体现出与广西土著文化相融合的特征,是民族融合的鲜明体现,也是客家人与当地各民族人民和谐相处的表征。

  10. A Study on the Cultivation of Managerial Talents for Guangxi Vocational College%广西高职院校管理类人才培养的探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯钟宁; 李波波

    2011-01-01

    This research is based on the perspective of personnel training and educational development. The construction and educational management of Guangxi Vocational College play a role in cultivating managerial talents and relevant educational development. Through analysis on the useful experiences of personnel training and education in the developed regions and the problems faced in the current developmental situation of human talents marketplace home and abroad, a model of training and management of personnel education-oriented, efficiency, fastness and high quality will be concluded.%利用在人才培养和教育发展的角度采研究.广西高职院校高等教育重点学校的建设和教育管理对于中国高职院校管理类人才的培养和教育发展的带动作用.通过发达省份和发达国家的人才培训和教育发展中成功的经验分析.对国内外人才交流市场的发展的现状和面临的问题分析,找出适合广西高职院校人才培养和教育发展、高效、快速和高质量培训和管理的模式.

  11. 广西高发出生缺陷发生的影响因素分析%Influencing factors of high-incidence birth defects in Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘湘红; 曾萼; 丘小霞; 刘伟; 陈玉柱

    2015-01-01

    目的 探讨广西高发出生缺陷发生的影响因素,为制定出生缺陷的干预措施提供依据. 方法 采用成组病例对照的研究方法,对广西7个市3 175例出生缺陷围产儿(包括先天性心脏病、唇腭裂、先天性脑积水、神经管缺陷、尿道下裂等)和3 179例正常围产儿的父母进行问卷调查,并对可能影响高发出生缺陷发生的相关因素进行单因素及多因素logistic回归分析. 结果 多因素logistic回归分析结果显示:父亲年龄及吸烟程度、叶酸指数与高发出生缺陷相关(P<0.05). 高发出生缺陷发生的危险因素包括孕早期未接受过优生检测、母亲孕早期患病、母亲怀孕前患病、母亲孕早期用药、母亲怀孕前后接触过猫狗等宠物、母亲有特殊食品嗜好(P均<0.05). 结论 母亲孕早期未接受优生检测、孕前/早期患病、孕早期用药、怀孕前后有宠物接触史以及母亲有特殊食品嗜好是广西地区高发出生缺陷发生的危险因素,在广西可从孕前与孕期保健、生活环境因素等多方面进行出生缺陷干预.%Objective To explore the influencing factors of high-incidence birth defects in Guangxi so as to provide the basis for formulating the intervention measures of birth defects.Methods A group case-control study was conducted, in which a questionnaire survey was carried out among parents of 3 175 perinatal infant with birth defects(including congenital heart disease,cleft lip and cleft palate,congenital hydrocephalus,neural tube defects and hypospadias) and 3 179 normal perinatal infants from 7 cities in Guangxi. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis were used to analyze the related influencing factors of high-incidence birth defects. Results Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that age,severity of smoking and folacin index of fathers correlated with high-incidence birth defects(P<0.05).The risk factors for the occurrence of high

  12. Polymorphism of rs1044925 in the acyl-CoA:cholesterol acyltransferase-1 gene and serum lipid levels in the Guangxi Bai Ku Yao and Han populations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yan Ting-Ting

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The association of rs1044925 polymorphism in the acyl-CoA:cholesterol acyltransferase-1 (ACAT-1 gene and serum lipid profiles is not well known in different ethnic groups. Bai Ku Yao is a special subgroup of the Yao minority in China. The present study was carried out to clarify the association of rs1044925 polymorphism in the ACAT-1 gene and several environmental factors with serum lipid levels in the Guangxi Bai Ku Yao and Han populations. Methods A total of 626 subjects of Bai Ku Yao and 624 participants of Han Chinese were randomly selected from our previous stratified randomized cluster samples. Genotyping of rs1044925 polymorphism in the ACAT-1 gene was performed by polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism combined with gel electrophoresis, and then confirmed by direct sequencing. Results The levels of serum total cholesterol (TC, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C, apolipoprotein (Apo AI and ApoB were lower in Bai Ku Yao than in Han (P P P P P P Conclusions These results suggest that the polymorphism of rs1044925 in the ACAT-1 gene is mainly associated with female serum TC, LDL-C and ApoB levels in the Bai Ku Yao population. The C allele carriers had lower serum TC, LDL-C and ApoB levels than the C allele noncarriers.

  13. Association of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase C677T polymorphism and serum lipid levels in the Guangxi Bai Ku Yao and Han populations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cao Xiao-Li

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The association of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR gene polymorphism and serum lipid profiles is still controversial in diverse ethnics. Bai Ku Yao is an isolated subgroup of the Yao minority in China. The aim of the present study was to eveluate the association of MTHFR C677T polymorphism and several environmental factors with serum lipid levels in the Guangxi Bai Ku Yao and Han populations. Methods A total of 780 subjects of Bai Ku Yao and 686 participants of Han Chinese were randomly selected from our previous stratified randomized cluster samples. Genotyping of the MTHFR C677T was performed by polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism combined with gel electrophoresis, and then confirmed by direct sequencing. Results The levels of serum total cholesterol (TC, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C, apolipoprotein (Apo AI and ApoB were lower in Bai Ku Yao than in Han (P P P P P P P Conclusions The differences in serum TC, TG, LDL-C and ApoB levels between the two ethnic groups might partly result from different genotypic and allelic frequencies of the MTHFR C677T or different MTHFR gene-enviromental interactions.

  14. Mangrove forest degradation indicated by mangrove-derived organic matter in the Qinzhou Bay, Guangxi, China, and its response to the Asian monsoon during the Holocene climatic optimum

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    MENG Xianwei; XIA Peng; LI Zhen; LIU Lejun

    2016-01-01

    The response of mangrove ecosystems to the Asian monsoon in the future global warming can be understood by reconstructing the development of mangrove forests during the Holocene climatic optimum (HCO), using proxies preserved in coastal sediments. The total organic matter in sediments of a segmented core, with calibrated age ranges between 5.6 and 7.7 cal. ka BP and corresponding to the HCO, from the Qinzhou Bay in Guangxi, China, is quantitatively partitioned into three end-members according to their sources: mangrove-derived, terrigenous, and marine phytoplanktonic, using a three-end-member model depicted by organic carbon isotope (δ13Corg) and the molar ratio of total organic carbon to total nitrogen (C/N). The percentage of mangrove-derived organic matter (MOM) contribution is used as a proxy for mangrove development. Three visible drops in MOM contribution occurred at ca. 7.3, ca. 6.9, and ca. 6.2 cal. ka BP, respectively, are recognized against a relatively stable and higher MOM contribution level, indicating that three distinct mangrove forest degradations occurred in the Qinzhou Bay during the HCO. The three mangrove forest degradations approximately correspond to the time of the strengthened/weakened Asian winter/summer monsoon. This indicates that even during a period favorable for the mangrove development, such as the HCO, climatic extremes, such as cold and dry events driven by the strengthened/weakened Asian winter/summer monsoon, can trigger the degradation of mangrove forests.

  15. 海上丝路建设中的粤桂合作%On Guangdong and Guangxi Cooperation in Maritime Silk Road Economic Belt

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱懿

    2015-01-01

    Developing the cooperation between Guangdong and Guangxi for building the bridgehead of the Maritime Silk Road, has their own economic development opportunities, a large number of cooperative platform opportunities and national development opportunities. Along with them, there is fierce competition, external development of the ideas’ conflict, potential conflicts of interests, lack of organization guarantee and the lack of internal and external factors that hinder win-win platform carrier. Therefore, the author puts forward the cooperation should have a transformation of ideas as a indicator, develop a coordination organization as a key, and establish a sound working mechanism as a guarantee and formulate innovation platforms as a tool for constructing the bridgehead of the Maritime Silk Road.%粤桂合作参与海上丝绸之路建设还存在着内外部激烈竞争、发展理念冲突、潜在利益冲突、缺乏组织机构保障和缺乏共同合作载体等阻碍因素。应以转变合理念为先导,建立协调机构,健全工作机制,推进粤桂合作顺利发展。

  16. Analysis of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome and its pathogenic gene sequence based on geographic information system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tang, Z; Xu, X J; He, X J; Liang, Z S; Liang, W B; Li, Y; Gao, K

    2017-01-01

    This study analyzed the temporal-spatial distribution characteristics, epidemiological characteristics and gene sequences of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) in Guangxi, with the intention of providing a theoretical and technical support for the prevention of HFRS. A map of the incidence of HFRS of different cities in Guangxi was drawn up using the Geographic Information System (GIS) to investigate the epidemiological characteristics and infection source of HFRS between 2013 and 2016. Guangxi has a low incidence of HFRS, and autumn and winter are the main high-incidence seasons. Cases of HFRS were reported in all regions in Guangxi except Laibin city between 2013 and 2016. The distribution of cases in the four years suggested that Guilin, Nanning, Hechi and Wuzhou were the main infected regions, especially the local areas in the north of Guilin. The nucleotide and amino acid of S fragment and M fragment of Hantaviruses (HV) detected were highly homologous, and no obvious variation was found. Through analyzing the space-time characteristics, epidemiological characteristics and gene sequence of HFRS in Guangxi, it was found that areas rich in water, grass and moisture, such as paddy fields, are the main active areas for the host of HFRS.

  17. Recent achievements on the research of the Paleozoic-Mesozoic transitional period in South China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YIN Hongfu; FENG Qinglai; XIE Shucheng; YU Jianxin; HE Weihong; LIANG Handong; LAI Xulong; HUANG Xianyu

    2007-01-01

    This is a review of research achievements on the Permian-Triassic transition in South China. It comprises of five parts: (1) advances on the biostratigraphy and eventostratigraphy of the Meishan Section, the Global Stratotype Section and Point (GSSP) of the Permian-Triassic boundary (PTB); (2) advances on the PTB research of deep water facies, especially the Dongpan Section in Guangxi; (3) advances on the PTB research of terrestrial facies, especially the Chahe Section in Guizhou; (4) correlation of the global change and biotic extinction between the PTB and modem times and its revelation to the status and future of the earth and mankind; and (5) the pattern and causality of the Permian-Triassic extinction. In the last part, it is concluded that the Permian-Triassic transitional interval constitutes a prolonged crisis period ranging from end-Guadalupian extinction to the end of Early Triassic, totaling 14 Ma. The environmental crisis and mass extinction peaked at the PTB, which displayed multiphase extinction rather than just one phase. Commencement of an extinctions prelude prior to the postulated bolide impact implies that the causes of PTB extinction largely lie in the intrinsic developments of the earth, especially those related with the integration of Pangea.

  18. Study on the Invasive Alien Plants in South China%华南地区外来人侵植物调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林建勇; 梁瑞龙; 李娟; 黄应钦

    2012-01-01

    根据野外调查和相关资料整理,探讨华南地区入侵植物的种类组成、来源、生长型,比较不同地区间种类组成的相似性,预测部分危险性较大的入侵种的扩散趋势。研究表明:华南三省共有外来入侵植物148种,属于41科105属,其中广东、广西、海南分别为132、129、100种,以菊科(Asteraceae)、禾本科(Gramineae)和苋科(Amaranthaceae)的种类最多。美洲起源的入侵种最多,共有108种,占总种数73.0%。草本型入侵植物种类最多,共有114种,占总物种数77.0%。广东和广西两省入侵植物组成的相似性最大,广西和海南的相似性最低。%According to field investigation and relative data, the species composition, origin and life form were studied, the similarity of different species in different areas was compared, and the spread- ing tendency on part of high dangerous invasive alien plants was predicted. The study showed that 148 species of invasive alien plants belonging to 105 genera of 41 families were identified in three provinces of South China. There were 132 species of invasive alien plants in Guangdong, 129 species in Guangxi and 100 species in Hainan, in which the most were Asteraceae, Gramineae and Amaranthaceae. The most of the invasive alien plants were from America with 108 species, taking up 73.0% of the total species. The species of herbaceous invasive alien plants were the most with 114 species, taking up 77.0 %. The similarity of species composition of invasive alien plants between Guangdong and Guangxi was the highest, the lowest between Guangxi and Hainan.

  19. South Africa PIMS

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Agency for International Development — PIMS (SOL-674-12-000037) collects and provides information on activities, results, partners, and staff supported through PEPFAR funding in each sub-district of South...

  20. South African Airborne Operations

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    South Africa carried out numerous airborne operations during the latter part ofthe last century. .... Watch, an engineer unit under command of Commandant Louw, which had been ..... locals, to transport weapons, food and other supplies.

  1. The South Asian genome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chambers, John C; Abbott, James; Zhang, Weihua; Turro, Ernest; Scott, William R; Tan, Sian-Tsung; Afzal, Uzma; Afaq, Saima; Loh, Marie; Lehne, Benjamin; O'Reilly, Paul; Gaulton, Kyle J; Pearson, Richard D; Li, Xinzhong; Lavery, Anita; Vandrovcova, Jana; Wass, Mark N; Miller, Kathryn; Sehmi, Joban; Oozageer, Laticia; Kooner, Ishminder K; Al-Hussaini, Abtehale; Mills, Rebecca; Grewal, Jagvir; Panoulas, Vasileios; Lewin, Alexandra M; Northwood, Korrinne; Wander, Gurpreet S; Geoghegan, Frank; Li, Yingrui; Wang, Jun; Aitman, Timothy J; McCarthy, Mark I; Scott, James; Butcher, Sarah; Elliott, Paul; Kooner, Jaspal S

    2014-01-01

    The genetic sequence variation of people from the Indian subcontinent who comprise one-quarter of the world's population, is not well described. We carried out whole genome sequencing of 168 South Asians, along with whole-exome sequencing of 147 South Asians to provide deeper characterisation of coding regions. We identify 12,962,155 autosomal sequence variants, including 2,946,861 new SNPs and 312,738 novel indels. This catalogue of SNPs and indels amongst South Asians provides the first comprehensive map of genetic variation in this major human population, and reveals evidence for selective pressures on genes involved in skin biology, metabolism, infection and immunity. Our results will accelerate the search for the genetic variants underlying susceptibility to disorders such as type-2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease which are highly prevalent amongst South Asians.

  2. South and Southwest HSRC

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — The Hazardous Substance Research Center/South and Southwest is a competitively awarded, peer-reviewed research consortium led by Louisiana State University with the...

  3. Ladybugs of South Dakota

    Science.gov (United States)

    Images of the 79 species of Coccinellidae occurring in South Dakota are presented in taxonomic order. Information on each species includes genus-species name, sub-familial classification, and lengths and widths....

  4. The South Asian genome.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John C Chambers

    Full Text Available The genetic sequence variation of people from the Indian subcontinent who comprise one-quarter of the world's population, is not well described. We carried out whole genome sequencing of 168 South Asians, along with whole-exome sequencing of 147 South Asians to provide deeper characterisation of coding regions. We identify 12,962,155 autosomal sequence variants, including 2,946,861 new SNPs and 312,738 novel indels. This catalogue of SNPs and indels amongst South Asians provides the first comprehensive map of genetic variation in this major human population, and reveals evidence for selective pressures on genes involved in skin biology, metabolism, infection and immunity. Our results will accelerate the search for the genetic variants underlying susceptibility to disorders such as type-2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease which are highly prevalent amongst South Asians.

  5. 略论新媒体时代广西非物质文化遗产的创新保护%A Brief Account of the Innovation Protection of Intangible Cultural Heritage of Guangxi in the New Media Age

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈启权; 何华湘

    2016-01-01

    In the new media context, the protection of intangible cultural heritage of Guangxi should open up new avenues to make the new digital media play its technical advantages. It is effective to broaden the transmission of Guangxi intangible cultural heritage and accelerate “living state” of them using the new media, to promote industrialization of Guangxi intangible cultural heritage and the popularization of heirs with the digital technologies. Some principles of the subjectivity, priority, authenticity, and integrity should also be followed in the new media context.%在新媒体语境下,广西壮族自治区非物质文化遗产的保护工作应开辟新途径,让新媒体发挥其优势,承担“非遗”传承的重任。借助新媒体拓宽广西“非遗”的传播途径及加速广西“非遗”“活态化”的创新发展,以数字化技术推进广西“非遗”的产业化及其传承人的普及化培养,不失为有效的创新方法。在充分利用新媒体技术进行“非遗”保护工作时也应遵循主体性、优先性、本真性和整体性等原则。

  6. 广西融安县乡村旅游资源调查与分析%Investigation and Analysis on Rural Tourism Resources in Rong'an County of Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韦飞

    2011-01-01

    为了探讨广西乡村旅游资源的特征与分布,揭示乡村旅游资源的基本规律,深入研究乡村旅游资源的发展与利用,更好地为开发与保护提供理论依据,对全区乡村旅游资源及发展现状展开专项调查.在广西融安县乡村旅游资源调查中,对融安县乡村旅游资源调查数据进行分析,总结融安县乡村旅游资源开发与保护成果,以利于融安县旅游业的可持续发展.%To explore the characteristics of rural tourism resources in Guangxi and distribution, reveal the basic rules of rural tourism resources and study the development and utilization of rural tourism resources deeply, which provide theoretical basis for better protection and development. Therefore, special survey on rural tourism resources and its development status are carried out by Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Tourism Board. During the investigation of rural tourism resources in Guangxi Rong'an, The analysis on survey data of rural tourism resources in Rong'an are carried out, moreover, the development and conservation outcomes of rural tourism resources in Rong' an are summarized, which are beneficial to the sustainable development of tourism in Rong' an.

  7. The Construction of Local Culture Inheritance and Animation Innovation and Development in Northwest Guangxi%桂西北地域文化传承与动画创新发展的建构

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于瑞强

    2012-01-01

    The localization of Animation is related to the development of animation industry and the strategy of cultural security. Regional culture should undertake its historical mission to promote animation works with local fea- tures. This paper argues that the development of Guangxi animation lies in its localization by probing into traditional culture, stressing its local features in content and form, borrowing some elements from northwest Guangxi culture in its subjective animation works. The combination of childishness and humanistic spirit will contribute to the creation of subjective animation work which reflects local culture and history of northwest Guangxi. All those constitute new opportunity for original animation and local culture's sense of identity in the field of animation.%动画本土化关系到动画产业生存与发展以及文化安全战略。具有地方特色的动画作品应承担起时代所赋予的使命。桂西北动画须立足本土化,深入挖掘文化传统资源,通过强调突出本土化的主题内容、手法表达等方面,有选择地汲取桂西北文化资源并融入动画创作中,为原创动画找到新的创作思路,提升童心与人文的衔接度,创作出能够反映桂西北文化特色和历史的主体性动画作品。从而使原创动画焕发出新时代的生机。

  8. INVESTIGATION ON PLANT RESOURCES OF UNCARIA SCHREBER IN GUANGXI AND FOLK APPLICATION IN ZHUANG AND YAO%广西钩藤属植物资源及壮、瑶民间应用的调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄瑞松; 朱意麟; 严克俭

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To provide scientific basis for protection, cultivation, development and utilization of Uncaria Schreber resources. Methods: Investigation on Uncaria Schreber resources and medication experience of Zhuang and Yao in Guangxi by ways of field survey, collection and identification of the specimens and reviewing literature. Results: There were 10 species of Uncaria Schreber in Guangxi, which accounted for 83. 33% of Uncaria Schreber in China. Among them, Uncaria macrophylla Wall. , U. Sessilifructus Roxb. , U. Rhynchophylla (Miq. ) Miq. Ex Havil. , U. Hirsuta Havil. , U. Sandens (Sm. ) Hutch, and U. Rhynchophylloides How were the preponderant species. Conclusion: With rich resources, many varieties, awide distribution and its own feature of folk application in Zhuang and Yao, the resources in Uncaria Schreber of Guangxi should be protected and utilized strongly.%目的:为钩藤属植物资源保护、栽培和开发利用提供科学依据.方法:采用实地调查、标本采集鉴定、文献资料查阅相结合的方法,对广西钩藤属植物资源和壮瑶民间的用药经验进行调查.结果:广西有钩藤属植物10种,占国内钩藤属种类的83.33%,其中以大叶钩藤、无柄果钩藤、钩藤、毛钩藤、攀茎钩藤、侯钩藤等为优势品种;壮、瑶民间使用钩藤内涵丰富.结论:广西钩藤属植物资源丰富,品种多,分布广,壮、瑶民间应用钩藤资源独具特色,应该加强保护和进一步开发利用.

  9. 广西残疾人竞技体育现状及发展对策研究%A Study on the Current Situation of Athletic Sports for Handicapped People in Guangxi and Measures for Its Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐飚; 唐枫; 钟文

    2012-01-01

    Based on a comprehensive analysis of the history and current situation of the development of handicapped sports in Guangxi, this paper points out that the handicapped sports in Guangxi is faced with a series of difficulties and crises, such as descending results, aging athletes, inadequate reserve forces, insufficient input, out-of-date training conditions, inferior quality of equipment, imperfect management, shortage of teachers and administering staff. It offers 7 proposals to promote the development of handicapped sports in Guangxi, e. G. Collecting funds, tapping event resources, innovating the administering system, inventing training system of physical education teachers for the handicapped and others.%通过对广西残疾人竞技体育的发展历史和现状的综合分析,指出了广西残疾人竞技体育正面临着成绩下滑、运动员队伍老化,后备力量跟不上、投入严重不足、训练条件滞后、运动器材科技含量不高、管理机构不健全、管理人才和体育师资严重短缺等一系列困难和危机,并提出了筹措资金、挖掘项目资源、创新残疾体育竞技管理体制、建立残疾体育师资培养体制等7项对策,以促进广西残疾人竞技体育的发展.

  10. 广西生产性服务业影响因素分析与发展对策研究%Analysis of Guangxi Producer Services Influencing Facts and Development Strategy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    寿璐弘

    2015-01-01

    Guangxi producer services has weaken foundation and not perfect Industrial structure.To find out the solution of producer services development, first,this article used Guangxi input-output tables in 2007 with input-output method to defined IT, finance, transportation and warehousing,housing, leasing and business services, scientific and technical services and geological prospecting as Guangxi producer services,then used 14 cities' panel datas in 2006-2012 to analysis the relationship of urbanization, globalization, Market, industrialization and producer services development. The results showed that urbanization was the most important influencing fact of producer services development. Finally, this article put forward countermeasures.%广西生产性服务业基础薄弱,起步晚,产业结构不完善. 为寻找广西生产性服务业的突破方法,运用投入产出法,利用2007年广西自治区投入产出表直耗系数表数据,明确信息传输计算机和软件、金融、交通运输仓储和邮政、房地产、租赁和商务服务与科学研究技术服务和地质勘察6个产业为广西的生产性服务业. 利用广西14市2006年-2012年的面板数据进行生产性服务业与城市化水平、国际化程度、市场化程度、工业化程度等指标实证分析. 发现城市化对广西的生产性服务业影响最大等结果,并提出对策建议.

  11. PEST Analysis and Promotion Strategies on the Agricultural Products Trade of Guangxi-ASEAN%广西与东盟农产品贸易的PEST分析及提升策略选择

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    廖林萍

    2014-01-01

    With the further development of construction and closer cooperation of China-ASEAN Free Trade Area,the trade volume between Guangxi and ASEAN keeps growing prosperously which leads to the effective enhancement in the agricultural development of Guangxi. In this paper,we give in-depth perspective by means of PEST analysis on the existing problems and restricting factors so as to work out the existence of advantages and disadvantages on the Guangxi-ASEAN trade of agricultural products in the future. And then the feasible promotion strategies will be provided from the aspects of political,economic,social and technological factors.%随着中国-东盟自由贸易区建设的逐年推进和双方合作的纵深发展,广西与东盟国家的农产品贸易额保持着相当喜人的正增长,广西农业发展的内涵框架也因此得到有效提升。本文应用PEST分析法对广西与东盟农产品贸易现存的主要问题及制约因素进行深入剖析,判断和解读中国与东盟农产品贸易的未来优劣走势,并从政治、经济、社会及技术因素层面提出应对策略。

  12. 中国气象频道广西本地发展策略探讨%Discussion on strategy of China Weather Channel's Local Development in Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄玉梅; 孔毅民; 黎琮炜

    2012-01-01

    Basing on analysis of China weather channel's local development and the other weather chan- neFs development across the country, strategy for China weather channeFs local development was proposed, department of joint cooperation mechanism was set up b winning the government and related departments" support for the construction of Guangxi emergency weather channel to promote business services system, improve the comprehensive capability of business channel; perfect Guangxi weather channel emergency system, and improve the service level, establish and perfect the system of business pro- cess, promote talents system construction, and finally make Guangxi emergency channel become compre- hensive prevention and mitigation of the channel.%通过对中国气象频道本地发展现状和全国各地气象频道发展现状进行分析.提出中国气象频道本地发展策略:通过积极争取政府及相关部门支持广西应急气象频道的建设,建立部门联动的合作机制;推进业务服务体系建设,提升频道综合业务能力;完善广西应急气象频道节目体系,切实提升服务水平;建立健全系统业务流程,大力推进人才体系建设,从而把广西应急频道打造成为综合防灾减灾频道。

  13. On the application of banana stalk crushing return cropland mechanization technology in Guangxi%浅析香蕉秆粉碎还田机械化技术在广西的推广应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韦承坤

    2011-01-01

    The necessity and feasibility of banana stalk crushing return cropland mechanization technology were analyzed from the basic situation of Guangxi banana production. And the technology status and difficulties, corresponding countermeasures and suggestions were displayed in the paper.%文章从广西香蕉生产的基本情况入手,阐述了香蕉秆粉碎还田机械化技术的必要性和可行性,分析了该技术的应用现状及面临的困难,并提出了相应的对策和建议。

  14. 基于生态足迹模型的广西水资源利用评价%Assessment of Water Resources Sustainable Utilization in Guangxi Based on Ecological Footprint Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张义

    2014-01-01

    Water resources ecological footprint and ecological carrying capacity in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region from 2003 to 2011 were cal-culated by using water resources ecological footprint model. Based on this,the paper adopted a variety of evaluation indexes to analyze the sustain-able utilization of water resources in this region. The results show that the water resources ecological surplus is more and the ecological pressure in-dex is less over the years,which indicates the water resources utilization is sustainable and the water resources safety degree is high in Guangxi in recent years;the water resources ecological footprint per 104 Yuan GDP declines year by year,which indicates that the water resources utilization ef-ficiency in Guangxi have been improved in recent years,but there is still a considerable gap between the average state level and Guangxi. It should further improve the water resources ecological footprint research from the aspects of water resources equivalence factor value and the calculation of water pollution footprint.%利用水资源生态足迹模型对广西2003-2011年水资源生态足迹和生态承载力进行计算,以此为基础采用多种评价指标分析该地区水资源可持续利用状况。结果表明:历年水资源生态盈余较多,生态压力指数较小,说明广西近年来水资源利用处于可持续状态,水资源安全程度高;万元GDP水资源生态足迹逐年降低,表明广西近年来水资源利用效率有了显著提高,但与全国平均水平相比仍有不小差距。应从水资源均衡因子取值、核算水污染足迹等方面进一步完善水资源生态足迹研究。

  15. The Present Situation and Prospect Towards the Cooperation in Tourism between Guangxi and Vietnam in the 21st Century%21世纪的桂越旅游合作:现状与展望

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄伟生

    2004-01-01

    China and Vietnam are very rich in tourist resources and there is great potentiality to develop them. Guangxi has the advantage to advance travel exchanges with Vietnam for the favorable geographic affinity. Since the turn for the 21 century,both sides are taking great efforts to enlarge their share of the market of tourism and promote bilateral travel exchanges and cooperation. Despite obstacles in the course of their development, the prospect for their cooperation in this respect is favorable on the long term.

  16. Two New Records of Macrobiotus (Tardigrada, Macrobiotidae) in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region%广西壮族自治区大生属(缓步动物,大生熊虫科)两个新纪录种记述

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘莹; 王立志

    2013-01-01

    记述了广西壮族自治区2个缓步动物新纪录种,即毛氏大生熊虫[Macrobiotus mauccii Pilato,1974(真缓步纲,大生熊虫科)]和胡氏大生熊虫[Macrobiotus hufelandi Schultze,1833(真缓步纲,大生熊虫科)].%Two records of tardigrades in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region were described,which were Macrobiotus mauccii Pilato,1974 and Macrobiotus hufelandi Schultze,1833.Both species belonged to genus Macrobiotus,family Macrobiotidae,order Parachela and class Eutardigrada.

  17. 2005-2011年广西食物中毒事件流行病学特征分析%Epidemiological characteristics of food poisoning events in Guangxi during 2005-2011

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李永红; 蒋玉艳

    2012-01-01

    Objective To understand the epidemiological characteristics of food poisoning events in Guangxi and provide scientific basis for developing prevention and control strategies. Methods Descriptive epidemiological methods were used to analyze the characteristics of food poisoning events from 2005 to 2011 in Guangxi. Results 256 food poisoning events, 6099 poisoning cases and 99 fatalities were reported during 2005-2011. Most events (75.39%) were caused by microorganism, toxic plants and animals. The second and third quarters were at the peak during a year when food poisoning events frequently occurred (61. 33% ). The numbers of reported food poisoning events were significantly different among regions in Guangxi, more from the western and northern and fewer from the eastern and southern. The rural households, schools and catering service units were the main places (78. 13% ). Conclusion The supervision and management of food safety for school canteens and social catering service units is one key to reduce the food poisoning events in Guangxi, and the other is propaganda and education of food safety in rural areas.%目的 了解广西食物中毒事件的流行病学特征,为制定防控策略提供科学依据.方法 应用描述性流行病学方法分析2005-2011年广西食物中毒事件的流行病学特征.结果 2005-2011年广西共报告食物中毒事件256起、中毒6099例、死亡99例,中毒原因以微生物性和有毒动植物为主(75.39%),第二、三季度为高发季节(61.33%),存在明显地区差异(桂西、桂北较多,桂南、桂东较少),中毒场所以农村家庭、学校和餐饮服务单位为主(78.13%).结论 加强学校食堂与社会餐饮服务单位食品安全监督与管理及农村地区食品安全知识宣传教育,是减少广西食物中毒事件的关键.

  18. Occurrence and Control Measures of Peanut Stem Rot and Bacterial Wilt in Guangxi%广西花生茎腐病及青枯病的发生与防治

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟瑞春; 熊发前; 韩柱强

    2012-01-01

    总结广西花生茎腐病、青枯病的侵染途径、症状表现,有针对性地提出了防治对策,以为花生茎腐病、青枯病的防治提供参考。%The symptoms and infection pathway of Guangxi peanut stem rot and bacterial wilt disease were summarized. Control strategies were proposed to provide theoretical reference for controlling the peanut stem rot and bacterial wilt disease.

  19. The Research of Guangxi Continental Coastline-Changing Based on Multi-Source GIS Data%基于多源数据的广西大陆海岸线变迁研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭李春

    2013-01-01

    海岸线变迁是海岸信息动态变化研究的重要组成部分,为了能够更精确地获取海岸线空间变化和地理信息要素变化信息,需要基于多种数据源获得历史各个时相的海岸线数据,保证研究的准确性.广西大陆海岸线变迁研究中,采用了多个历史时相、多类型和多种数据格式的数据源,通过地理信息框架统一实现数据源融合统一,采用多种技术手段处理和提取海岸线空间位置信息与其他信息,采用多种手段统计和分析广西海岸线过去50年来的演变情况和未来发展趋势,为广西海岸的保护条件下利用提供了可靠材料.%The coastline-changing is one of the most important parts in coast variation research.To get the more accurate and plentiful GIS information of coastline-changing,it's necessary to get he coastline data of different historical time from multi-source data.In the research of coastline-changing in Guangxi to get the situations and the regular patterns of coastline-changing in Guangxi,we use multi-historical times,different kinds and different formats GIS data to realize the merging of a standardized coordinate and framework,and use multi-ways to analyse the changing of coastline in Guangxi in the past 50 years.The results can be referred to protect and develop the coastline in Guangxi.

  20. Water Supply and Drainage Design of Operation Area Wharf Project at Chishui Fair,Wuzhou Port, Guangxi%广西梧州港赤水圩作业区码头工程给排水设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    莫斯枫; 王硕; 莫斯林

    2012-01-01

    Taking the wharf project at Chishui Wei Operation Area,Wuzhou Port,Guangxi ,the article made a systematic introduction to the design essentials of the water supply and drainage of the wharf, providing reference for design of similar project.%文章以广西梧州港赤水圩作业区码头工程为例,系统介绍了该码头给排水工程的设计要点,为类似工程项目的给排水设计提供借鉴。

  1. 广西岩溶地区水资源可持续利用研究%Study on Sustainable Utilization of Water Resources i n Karst Regions of Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    光耀华

    2001-01-01

    Guangxi is characterized by uneven distribution of water resources in time and space,serious flood and waterlogging,fragile ge ologic environment in karst regions,soil erosion and wide spreading of rock dese rts.I n supply and demands of water resources problems lie in insufficient storage cap acity,water pollution and poor management of water resources.It is concluded tha t all karst regions in Guangxi fall short of water in varying degrees except for those situated in northeast Guangxi.For developing water resources in karst reg ions in Guangxi the author puts forward the following measures:exploiting modera tely karst water to increase the ratio of ground water in water resources deve l opment;storing rationally both surface and ground water to enhance active capaci ty;overdrawing artificially the shallow karst water and recharging;exploiting ka rst rivers;buliding rain collection tanks;speeding up construction of large hyd r aulic and hydropower projects;building headwater forest areas;spreading water sa ving farming;strengthening protection and management of water resources environm ent and relocating extremely poor population inhabited in karst regions.The auth or also introduces briefly the optimum regional allocation of water resources.%就广西水资源丰富,但时空分布不均,加上地质构造特殊、旱涝灾害频繁、石漠化和工程型缺水严重、水质型缺水逐渐突出等,针对广西岩溶地区水资源开发利用问题,提出适度开发岩溶地下水、合理调蓄地表水和地下水、加快兴建大中型水利水电工程、建设水源林区等措施,以实现水资源优化配置,促进国民经济的可持续发展。

  2. 基于GIS的广西农业暴雨洪涝灾害风险评估%GIS-based Assessment of Agricultural Flood and Water-logging Risk in Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    莫建飞; 陆甲; 李艳兰; 匡昭敏

    2012-01-01

    By use of natural disaster risk assessment theory and methods and based on remote sensing background data, weather data, geographic information data and socio-economic data, the index system for evaluation of storm rain and flood risk of agriculture in Guangxi is established. Using the AHP method and weighted synthesis, agricultural flood risk evaluation model is worked out. With GIS technology, agricultural flood risk, sensitivity of disaster development environment, vulnerability of disaster-bearing bodies, disaster prevention and mitigation capabilities and integrated risk index in Guangxi are calculated and agricultural flood risk in Guangxi is zoned. Using correlation analysis method, the consequences of flood disasters of agriculture flood disasters and historical data of agricultural rainstorm and flood disasters in Guangxi are compared and verified. The results show that the distribution of results of agricultural rainstorm and flood risk is basically consistent with spatial distribution of flood disaster losses, the strongest risk in the southern coastal area and the lowest risk in the western coastal area.%以自然灾害风险评估理论和方法为指导,遥感本底数据、气象数据、基础地理信息数据、社会经济数据为基础数据,构建广西农业暴雨洪涝灾害风险评估指标体系,采用层次分析及加权综合法建立农业暴雨洪涝灾害风险评估模型;借助GIS技术,计算广西农业暴雨洪涝灾害致灾因子危险性、孕灾环境敏感性、承灾体易损性、防灾减灾能力及综合风险指数,并对广西农业暴雨洪涝灾害进行风险区划,采用相关分析法将广西农业暴雨洪涝灾害风险结果与广西历史暴雨洪涝灾情数据进行对比验证,研究结果表明,农业暴雨洪涝风险分布结果与洪涝灾情损失的空间分布基本吻合,南部沿海的风险性最强,西部风险性最小.

  3. 广西河湖水域岸线管理现状分析及建议%Current status analysis and suggestions for administration of river-lake shoreline and water area in Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓妮

    2013-01-01

    An introduction was made on the current status of river-lake shoreline and water area administration in Guangxi. The author analyzed the major problems and put forward suggestions for strengthening administration.%  介绍了广西河湖水域岸线管理现状,分析现阶段管理中存在的主要问题,并提出加强河湖水域及岸线管理的建议措施。

  4. Population number and distribution of oriental pied hornbill in Guangxi,China%广西冠斑犀鸟的种群数量及分布状况

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗益奎; 蒋爱伍; 陈辈乐; 吴世捷; 谢乃文; 阙腾程; 李飞

    2013-01-01

    冠斑犀鸟(Anthracoceros albirostris albirostris)属于国家Ⅱ级重点保护野生动物,并且是亚洲热带地区重要的种子传播者.冠斑犀鸟在20世纪70年代以前曾广布广西西南部中越边境地区,但其分布范围持续萎缩,2000年以后只残存于3个孤立的分布点,而西大明山林区一直是冠斑犀鸟的主要分布点.为了解此物种在广西的最新分布状况,我们于2009年在广西西大明山自然保护区首次进行了冠斑犀鸟的同步调查,同时调查了当地犀鸟可利用的植物资源.结果显示至少有50只冠斑犀鸟在当地栖息,是广西目前最大的种群,但数量明显呈下降趋势.本文记录了124种犀鸟可潜在利用的植物,探讨了广西犀鸟面临的威胁,并呼吁国家有关部门和科学界加强对中国犀鸟保育研究的关注.%The oriental pied hornbill (Anthracoceros albirostris albirostris) is a State Protected Species and also an important seed dispersal agent in Tropical Asia.Recent studies show that the range of oriental pied hornbill in Guangxi has decreased significantly in the last decades.During the 1970s the species was widespread along the Sino-Vietnamese border but since the 2000s it has been confined to only three isolated areas.Although the population has declined substantially,Xidamingshan still supports the largest hornbill population known in Guangxi.In order to understand the current status of the species in Guangxi,China,we conducted a simultaneous population survey in Xidamingshan Nature Reserve in 2009.At least,fifty birds were recorded during survey and 124 plant species are identified as potential food source of the bird.Human disturbance and hunting are the main threats to the species in Guangxi.Further research and conservation of the species are urgently required.

  5. On the Cultivation of Entrepreneurship in the Guangxi Youth Entrepreneurship Education%广西青年创业教育中社会企业家精神培育思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘峰

    2014-01-01

    On the basis of summarizing the definition of social entrepreneurship,this paper has analyzed the present situation of the cultivation of social responsibility in the Guangxi youth entrepreneurship education,and offered corresponding suggestions.%在简述社会企业家精神的涵义基础上,对广西青年创业教育中社会责任的培育的现状进行了分析,就如何培育广西青年创业者的社会企业家精神提出了相应的建议。

  6. 广西红茶生产加工自动控制技术研究%The study of Guangxi tea production and processing of automatic control technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李小玲; 刘文烽; 李世远

    2014-01-01

    随着茶叶产业在农业经济中的地位提升,制茶行业正在经历由传统加工方式到现代化加工方式的逐步转型。文章以广西红茶生产加工自动控制为研究对象,根据红茶加工工艺特点,紧密结合自动化生产线的控制需求,并借鉴国内外先进的控制技术和成功经验,通过对广西红茶加工关键工序应用自动化关键技术的研究,设计基于PLC的数据采集、监控系统与信息化管理系统,对关键工序进行过程控制和信息化管理。促进广西红茶实现自动化、清洁化生产,提升广西红茶的品质与卫生质量安全。%With the status of the tea industry in the promotion of agriculture in the economy,the tea industry is experiencing from the traditional processing methods to the gradual transformation of modern processing methods.Taking Guangxi tea production and processing for the study of automatic control.According to the characteristics of black tea processing.Closely control requirements of automated production lines,And learn from the advanced control technology and successful experience at home and abroad.Through the study of the Guangxi tea processing applications automate key processes of key technologies.Design of PLC-based data acquisition, monitoring systems and information management systems.Process control for key processes and information management.Promote Guangxi tea automated, clean production and improve the quality and safety of health quality black tea in Guangxi.

  7. Study on the Protection Countermeasures to Extremely Small Population of Wild Plant of Guangxi%广西极小种群野生植物保护对策探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黎德丘; 彭定人

    2009-01-01

    This paper gave a full description of the current situation of 20 extremely small population of wild plant of population quantities and distribution in Guangxi. Based on the threat analysis of population decline and habitat loss were faced, some countermeasures to strengthen protection was discussed.%全面阐述了广西分布的20种极小种群野生植物的种群数量、分布等现状,在分析其面临的种群衰退、生境丧失等主要威胁的基础上,探讨了加强保护的对策.

  8. 广西北部湾经济区物流配送体系构建研究%Study on Establishment of Logistics Distribution System for Guangxi Beibuwan Economic Zone

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张祎

    2013-01-01

    In this paper,in connection with the actual situation of the Guangxi Beibuwan Economic Zone,we analyzed the current status of the development of logistics and distribution industry there as well as the problems existing and discussed the issues pertaining to the establishment of its logistics and distribution system.%结合广西北部湾经济区的实际情况,对其物流配送发展现状以及存在的问题进行了分析,探讨了构建经济区物流配送体系的相关内容.

  9. Genetic polymorphism of Nogo-A intron region in Guangxi population%广西人群Nogo-A基因内含子区rs1012603C/T多态性的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蓝艳; 王春芳; 李北林; 潘国刚; 韦叶生

    2012-01-01

    Objective To study the frequencies of allele and genotype distribution of Neurite growth inhibitor - A ( Nogo - A) gene intron single nucleotide polymorphism ( SNP) in Guangxi population, and to further analyze the distributions of Nogo - A polymorphism among different races. Methods The Nogo - A gene intron rsl012603 C/T polymorphism was examined by the polymerase chain reaction - single base extension ( PCR - SBE) and DNA sequencing in 199 Chinese people in Guangxi, and compared with other the four populations ( HapMap - CEU, HapMap - YRI, HapMap -JPT and HapMap - HCB) from Human Genome Project group (Hapmap) data. Results Nogo -A genotype frequencies of CC, CT and TT were 71. 4% , 23. 1% and 5. 5 % , respectively, with allele frequencies of C and T were 82. 9% and 17. 1% , respectively, in Chinese Guangxi population. The frequency of genotype of Nogo -A gene rsl012603 C/T polymorphism was significant different between males and females ( P 0. 05) . Conclusion There is Nogo - A gene polymorphism in Guangxi population, with significant difference to the others ethnic populations.%目的 了解Nogo-A基因内含子区单核苷酸多态性(SNP)各等位基因及基因型在中国广西地区人群中的分布频率,比较其在不同种族间分布的差异.方法 采用单碱基延伸的PCR技术和DNA测序法检测199例中国广西人的Nogo-A基因内含子区rs1012603 C/T多态性,并结合人类基因组计划(Hapmap)公布的4个人群(欧洲人、非洲人、日本人和中国北京人)的SNP 分型数据,比较分析这5个人群的基因型及等位基因的分布频率.结果 Nogo-A基因型CC、CT和TT频率分别为71.4%、23.1%和5.5%;等位基因C、T 频率分别为82.9% 和17.1%.其基因型频率在男女组间比较差异有统计学意义(P0.05).结论 在中国广西人群中存在Nogo-A基因多态性,与其他种族人群比较有差异.

  10. South China Sea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morton, B; Blackmore, G

    2001-12-01

    The South China Sea is poorly understood in terms of its marine biota, ecology and the human impacts upon it. What is known is most often contained in reports and workshop and conference documents that are not available to the wider scientific community. The South China Sea has an area of some 3.3 million km2 and depths range from the shallowest coastal fringe to 5377 m in the Manila Trench. It is also studded with numerous islets, atolls and reefs many of which are just awash at low tide. It is largely confined within the Tropic of Cancer and, therefore, experiences a monsoonal climate being influenced by the Southwest Monsoon in summer and the Northeast Monsoon in winter. The South China Sea is a marginal sea and, therefore, largely surrounded by land. Countries that have a major influence on and claims to the sea include China, Malaysia, the Philippines and Vietnam, although Thailand, Indonesia and Taiwan have some too. The coastal fringes of the South China Sea are home to about 270 million people that have had some of the fastest developing and most vibrant economies on the globe. Consequently, anthropogenic impacts, such as over-exploitation of resources and pollution, are anticipated to be huge although, in reality, relatively little is known about them. The Indo-West Pacific biogeographic province, at the centre of which the South China Sea lies, is probably the world's most diverse shallow-water marine area. Of three major nearshore habitat types, i.e., coral reefs, mangroves and seagrasses, 45 mangrove species out of a global total of 51, most of the currently recognised 70 coral genera and 20 of 50 known seagrass species have been recorded from the South China Sea. The island groups of the South China Sea are all disputed and sovereignty is claimed over them by a number of countries. Conflicts have in recent decades arisen over them because of perceived national rights. It is perhaps because of this that so little research has been undertaken on the

  11. South China Sea

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Morton, Brian [Hong Kong Univ., Swire Inst. of Marine Science, Hong Kong (China); Hong Kong Univ., Dept. of Ecology and Biodiversity, Hong Kong (China); Blackmore, Graham [Hong Kong Univ. of Science and Technology, Dept. of Biology, Hong Kong (China)

    2001-07-01

    The South China Sea is poorly understood in terms of its marine biota, ecology and the human impacts upon it. What is known is most often contained in reports and workshops and conference documents that are not available to the wider scientific community. The South China Sea has an area of some 3.3 million km{sup 2} and depths range from the shallowest coastal fringe to 5377m in the Manila Trench. It is also studded with numerous islets, atolls and reefs many of which are just awash at low tide. It is largely confined within the Tropic of Cancer and, therefore, experiences a monsoonal climate being influenced by the Southwest Monsoon in summer and the Northeast Monsoon in winter. The South China Sea is a marginal sea and, therefore, largely surrounded by land. Countries that have a major influence on and claims to the sea include China, Malaysia, the Philippines and Vietnam, although Thailand, Indonesia and Taiwan have some too. The coastal fringes of the South China Sea are home to about 270 million people that have had some of the fastest developing and most vibrant economics on the globe. Consequently, anthropogenic impacts, such as over-exploitation of resources and pollution, are anticipated to be huge although, in reality, relatively little is known about them. The Indo-West Pacific biogeographic province, at the centre of which the South China Sea lies, is probably the world's most diverse shallow-water marine area. Of three major nearshore habitat types, i.e., coral reefs, mangroves and seagrasses, 45 mangrove species out of a global total of 51, most of the currently recognised 70 coral genera and 20 of 50 known seagrass species have been recorded from the South China Sea. The island groups of the South China Sea are all disputed and sovereignty is claimed over them by a number of countries. Conflicts have in recent decades arisen over them because of perceived national rights. It is perhaps because of this that so little research has been undertaken

  12. South China Sea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morton, Brian; Blackmore, Graham

    2001-01-01

    The South China Sea is poorly understood in terms of its marine biota, ecology and the human impacts upon it. What is known is most often contained in reports and workshop and conference documents that are not available to the wider scientific community. The South China Sea has an area of some 3.3 million km2 and depths range from the shallowest coastal fringe to 5377 m in the Manila Trench. It is also studded with numerous islets, atolls and reefs many of which are just awash at low tide. It is largely confined within the Tropic of Cancer and, therefore, experiences a monsoonal climate being influenced by the Southwest Monsoon in summer and the Northeast Monsoon in winter. The South China Sea is a marginal sea and, therefore, largely surrounded by land. Countries that have a major influence on and claims to the sea include China, Malaysia, the Philippines and Vietnam, although Thailand, Indonesia and Taiwan have some too. The coastal fringes of the South China Sea are home to about 270 million people that have had some of the fastest developing and most vibrant economies on the globe. Consequently, anthropogenic impacts, such as over-exploitation of resources and pollution, are anticipated to be huge although, in reality, relatively little is known about them. The Indo-West Pacific biogeographic province, at the centre of which the South China Sea lies, is probably the world's most diverse shallow-water marine area. Of the three major nearshore habitat types, i.e., coral reefs, mangroves and seagrasses, 45 mangrove species out of a global of 51, most of the currently recognised 70 coral genera and 20 of 50 known seagrass species have been recorded from the South China Sea. The island groups of the South China Sea are all disputed and sovereignty is claimed over them by a number of countries. Conflicts have in recent decades arisen over them because of perceived national rights. It is perhaps because of this that so little research has been undertaken on the South

  13. 广西甘蔗主要真菌病害调查初报%Preliminary report on investigating major sugarcane fungal diseases in Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韦金菊; 邓展云; 黄诚华; 黄伟华; 颜梅新; 刘海斌; 唐红琴

    2012-01-01

    [Objective]The purpose of the present study was to determine the species and the occurrence status of major sugarcane fugal diseases in sugarcane plantation areas of Guangxi in order to provide scientific references for controlling sugarcane diseases. [Method]In 2009-2011, species and occurrence degrees of major sugarcane fugal diseases in sugarcane plantation areas of Guangxi were investigated through randomized surveys, fanner interviews, literature references, and location investigations; diseased sugarcane samples were collected and their species were identified through pathogen isolated culture and other relevant methods. [Result]Thirteen species of fungal diseases were identified, which were Thielaviopsis paradoxa (de Seynes) V. Hohnel, Ustilago scitaminea Sydow, Fusarium moniliforme Sheldon, Puccinia melanocephala H.&P. Syd., Stagonospora sacchari Lo et Ling, Colletotrichum falcatum Went, Phyllosticta saccharicola P. Henn., Pellicularia sasakii (Shirai) Ito, Elsinoe sacchari L., Helminthosporium sacchari (Breda de Haan) Butler, My-covellosiella koepkei (kruger) Deighton, Bipolaris stenospilum (Drechs.) Shoem., and Cercospora longipes Butler. Out of all of the fungal disease characteristics, smut, rust, tip rot, and pineapple disease were the most rampantly detrimental to sugarcane quality and yield. [ Conclusion ] Ustilago scitaminea Sydow turned out to be the most serious sugarcane disease; it is urgent to begin breeding highly-disease-resistant sugarcane varieties with elite field and environment adaptations to replace the current susceptible-to-diseases sugarcane varieties in order to increase production.%[目的]明确广西蔗区主要真菌病害的发生情况和种类,为甘蔗病害综合防治提供科学依据.[方法]2009~2011年采用随机踏查、种植户随访、资料查询和定点调查等方法对广西蔗区甘蔗真菌病害种类及发生程度进行调查,并采集病害样本,通过病原分离培养鉴定等方法确定真菌病

  14. Pregnancy outcomes and risk factors for low birth weight and preterm delivery among HIV-infected pregnant women in Guangxi, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YU Lan; LI Wen-ying; Ray Y. Chen; TANG Zhi-rong; PANG Jun; GUI Xiu-zhi; MENG Xiu-ning; ZHANG Fu-jie

    2012-01-01

    Background Six provinces in China accounted for 70%-80% of all reported HIV/AIDS cases in the country in 2009 and five provinces accounted for 78% of all reported mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HIV cases.Because Guangxi belonged to both groups,the Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission (PMTCT) Plus program was established there to understand better low birth weight (LBW) and preterm delivery (PD) birth outcomes and their associated risk factors better.Methods Pregnancy outcomes were examined among HIV-infected pregnant women who enrolled in the PMTCT Plus program from June 2006 to February 2009 in Guangxi,China.Multivariate Logistic regression analysis was used to explore the risk factors associated with LBW (<2500 g) and PD (gestational age <37 weeks).Results The prevalence of LBW and PD among 194 HIV-positive mothers was 19.6% (38/194) and 9.8% (19/194),respectively.Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that CD4 cell count <100 cell/μI (multivariate-adjusted odds ratio (AOR) 5.52; 95% CI 1.11-25.55) and CD4 cell count 100-199 cells/μl (AOR 3.40; 95% Cl 1.03-11.25,compared to CD4 cell count ≥350 cells/μl),gestational age <37 weeks (AOR 4.38; 95% CI 1.29-14.82,compared to ≥37 weeks),maternal weight <45 kg (AOR 5.64; 95% Cl 1.09-29.07) and maternal weight 45-54 kg (AOR 3.55; 95% Cl 1.31-9.60,compared to ≥55 kg) at enrollment,and HIV RNA ≥100 000 copies/ml at enrollment (AOR 4.22; 95% Cl 1.24-14.32) and 20 000-99 999 (AOR 2.77; 95% CI 1.01-7.77,compared to <20 000 copies/ml) were associated with a higher risk of LBW.For PD,only maternal injection drug use as the route of HIV transmission (AOR 5.30; 95% CI 1.33-21.14,compared to those infected with HIV through sexual transmission) was significantly associated with a higher risk of PD.Conclusions Lower CD4 cell count and higher HIV RNA viral load at enrollment were associated with LBW.Optimal antenatal care,including earlier antenatal screening and

  15. Components Analysis of Essential Oil in Rosmarinus officinalis from Bama of Guangxi%广西巴马迷迭香精油化学成分分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    樊红日; 张立颖; 陈宝; 沈芳; 刘雄民; 李健; 周立邦

    2012-01-01

    The differences and similarities of essential oil components between fresh and dry leaves of Rosmarinus officinalis L. From Bama city of Guangxi province were studied by GC—MS. 58 kinds of chemical compositions were isolated from the oil of fresh leaves, among which 43 kinds of chemical compositions were identified as 97.83% of total compositions. While 54 kinds of chemical compositions were isolated from the oil of dry leaves, among which 44 kinds of chemical compositions were identified as 99.56% of total composition. It showed that the main components of two kinds of oils were almost the same, mainly including 9 kinds of components such as a-pinene, 1,8-cineole, camphor, a-terpineol, camphene, borneol, isobor-neol, bornyl acetate and verbenone, the total quality content of which was 80.99% and 87.98%, respectively. As two high components, the content of a-pinene was 21.34% and 33.23% and 1,8-cineole was 25.69% and 24.59%, respectively. It indicated that the type of R. Officinalis in Bama city of Guangxi province was similar with the Spanish one.%运用气相色谱-质谱法(GC-MS)对比研究广西巴马迷迭香(Rosmarinus officinalis L.)鲜叶和干叶中精油成分的差异.从鲜叶提取的精油中分离出58种化学成分,鉴定了43种,占总含量的97.83%;从干叶提取的精油中分离出54种化学成分,鉴定了44种,占总含量的99.56%.鲜叶与干叶提取精油的主要成分基本相同,包括α-蒎烯、1,8-桉叶素、樟脑、α-松油醇、莰烯、龙脑、异龙脑、乙酸龙脑酯和马鞭草烯酮等9种成分,分别占精油总含量的80.99%和87.98%,其中含量较高的α-蒎烯各占21.34%、33.23%,1,8-桉叶素各占25.69%、24.59%.结果表明,广西巴马迷迭香的化学成分接近于西班牙型的迷迭香.

  16. SUSTAINABLE USE OF LAND RESOURCE AND ITS EVALUATION IN COUNTY AREA-A Case of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    Sutainable use of natural resources is different from sustainable development.As the most important natural resource,sustainable use of land resource is the essential guarantee of sustainable development.The nature of sustainable use of land resource is to retain the quantity and productivity of land resource from generation to generation.The evaluaton of sustainable use of land resource is an important method to ensure land-use to get onto the sustainable track.Furthermore,building index system is the key of the evaluation.In view of tendency of the evaluation indexes chosen so widely,the evaluation indexes should include only three kinds in the researches on the evaluation of sustainable use of land resourece.The first is the stock and structure index of land resource,viz,Areas quantity structure of land resources.In China,it is especially paid attention to the per person index of landquantity and rate between cultivated land farmland.The second is the productive index of land,which includes the productivity,potentiality,stability and renewal situation of land.The third is the sustained index of land environment .On the evaluation research of areal level,we should lay particular emphasis on statistic indexes.With a case of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in China,the evaluation index system of sustainable land-use in county area has been built in this thesis,Using the weighted average method to calculate the means of sustainable land-use in each county,according to the land-using situation,all counties in the autonomous region have been divided into three types.(1)Sustainable Pattern contains 18 counties,which have higher land resource productivity,stronger sustained abilities of land environment.The economic benefits of land-using in these conties are obviously higher.These counties have gotten highly intensive farming,and tyey are all in the good circumstance.(2)Basically Sutained Pattern contains 48 counties,which productivity of land resource is of middle

  17. Surveillance analysis of livestock brucellosis in Guangxi Province, China%广西家畜布鲁氏菌病的监测分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李军; 赵武; 陈泽祥; 杨威; 谢永平; 李常挺; 傅启宽; 骆永泉; 李常春; 许力干

    2012-01-01

    To survey the epidemiology of livestock brucellosis in Guangxi Province, China, 16 143 livestock serum samples collected from 14 cities during 2009 to 2011 were detected by rose bengal plate agglutination test and tube agglutination tests. Meanwhile, Brucella isolation and identification were performed from 1 070 livestock spleen, afterbirth and aborted fetus samples, and 10 viscera samples with positive serum. The serology test indicated that 1 boar serum sample in 2009 as well as 1 cattle serum sample and S goat serum samples in 2010 were positive, respectively. Comparison of nucleotide sequences of VirB8 gene of B. melitensis isolate with others Brucella showed that VirB8 gene was conservation among Brucella. Our results indicated that livestock quarantine inspection needs to be enhanced for prevention of Brucella' s intrusion to Guangxi by livestock introduction.%目的 对广西家畜布鲁氏菌病进行监测.方法 采用虎红平板凝集和试管凝集试验对2009-2011年广西14个市的16 143份家畜血清进行布鲁氏菌抗体监测;同时对1 070份家畜脾、胎衣、流产胎儿等样本以及10份布鲁氏菌试管凝集试验抗体阳性家畜的子宫或睾丸进行布鲁氏菌分离和鉴定.结果 2009年有1头种公猪,2010年有1头牛和8头山羊被检出为布鲁氏菌抗体阳性;经生化特性和PCR鉴定有1株从布鲁氏酋试管凝集试验抗体阳性羊内脏分离到的细菌被鉴定为羊种布鲁氏菌.对分离的芋种布鲁氏菌毒力基因VirB8的克隆测序结果显示,VirB8基因在布鲁氏菌种型间高度保守.结论 虽然广西家畜布鲁氏菌防治达到稳定控制标准,但需加强家畜引种和动物流通检疫工作,防止因引种和动物流通而将布鲁氏菌引入广西.

  18. Assessment of Oral English:Testing the Non-English Major Students at Guangxi TCM University in P.R.China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WU Lian-ying; Glen Dale Herrington

    2004-01-01

    This paper intends to give a brief overview of oral English testing for non-English major students in Guangxi Traditional Chinese Medical (TCM) University, which is located in a minority autonomous province in the southern part of P.R. China. It arises from the concrete problems facing Chinese teachers of English who feel troubled when offering an oral English test to an ever increasing number of non-English major students at the end of each semester. The frustration comes not only from the labor intensive and time consuming activity but also from the surrounding ethical issues of subjectivity by the teachers and of injustice to the students to give and receive fair marks. Moreover, there is a conflicting gap between the criteria used by the foreign native English speaking teachers and Chinese teachers of English because of their different cultural background and concept of testing. Nevertheless, an oral English test was designed and the procedures were devised, adopted, and administered to assess the student' s performance. The test and procedures, based on the national course syllabus for testing non-English majors, the level of attainment in oral English of the students, and the limited number of teaching personnel in the TCM University, utilized two different approaches. The native English speakers follow their own concept of devising formats of group testing procedures and assessment criteria forms highlighting communicative interaction. Meanwhile, the Chinese teachers of English emphasize individual rehearsed presentations and ask the student to follow up questions, to make further comment, and inquire about learning experience from the passage in order to make assessment and evaluation. Final student scores were calculated by combining daily participation of the student, the assessment foreign teacher,and the evaluation of Chinese teachers.

  19. Analysis of Processing Method Status of Sisal Leaf in Guangxi%广西剑麻叶片加工方法现状分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄富宇; 张小玲

    2012-01-01

    广西剑麻叶片加工方式主要有2种:全自动生产线加工和手拉式打麻机加工。通过试验,调查比较,全自动生产线加工比手拉式打麻机加工具有明显优势:加工出来的剑麻纤维质量好;劳动生产率提高;费用低、经济效益明显。但全自动生产线加工存在产地与工厂脱节、原料有序调配难、价格优势缩小等问题,建议政府加大协调扶持力度,以促进剑麻产业的健康发展。%There are mainly two methods: automatic production line and hand brake scutcher for processing sisal leaf in Guangxi. The experiment on investigation and comparison of two process methods was conducted. The results showed that, compared with the hand brake scutcher, the automatic production line which can process top quality sisal fiber has obvious advantages: high production efficiency, low cost and remarkable economic benefit. But the automatic production line also has some existing problems such as disjunction of producing area and factory, difficulty in orderly allocation of raw materials and reduction of price advantage. It was proposed that the government should intensify coordination and support to promote the sound development of sisal industry.

  20. Guangxi biomass industry development status and countermeasures%广西生物质产业发展现状及对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐峰

    2012-01-01

      Biomass industry is an industry,which made full use of renewable or cycling organic substances, including crops, trees and other plants and their residues, poultry and animal feces, organic waste, and made use of land and water marginal growing energy plant as raw material, through the industrial processing transformation into biological products, biofuels and biological energy production. In this paper, the present situation of the development of biomass industry were mainly introduced, the prospect of the development of guangxi biomass industry and restriction factor were analyzed, the corresponding development countermeasure and the suggestion were put forward.%  生物质产业是指利用再生或循环的有机物质,包括农作物、树木和其它植物及其残体、畜禽粪便、有机废弃物,以及利用边际性土地和水面种植能源植物为原料,通过工业性加工转化,进行生物产品、生物燃料和生物能源生产的一种产业。文章主要介绍生物质产业发展的现状、分析广西生物质产业的发展前景及制约因素,提出相应的发展对策和建议。

  1. Analysis on Development Prospect of Pumped-storage Power Station in Guangxi%广西抽水蓄能电站的发展前景分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田明俊

    2014-01-01

    ∶优化电源结构,深度开发水电、优化发展煤电、合理消纳西电、积极发展核电、因地制宜开发风电等清洁和可再生能源是实现广西电力可持续发展和“节能减排”战略目标的重要措施。抽水蓄能电站在电力系统中具有调峰填谷、调相调频和紧急事故备用等多种功能,是现代电力系统中最有效的调节工具之一,对优化电源结构、促进广西核电和风电等清洁能源的大规模发展、保障电力系统安全运行具有重要作用。%To realize power sustainable development and the strategic target of energy-saving and emission-reduc-tion, the power source structure must be optimized by vigorously developing hydropower, nuclear power, wind power and other clean and renewable energies, and scientifically developing coal power in compliance with local conditions. Pumped storage power station, as the powerful regulation tool in modern power system realizing by peak cutting and valley filling, phase and frequency modulating etc., plays a significant role in optimizing power structure, developing large-scale clean energy and in safe operation of power system of Guangxi.

  2. Soil erosion evolution trends of Guangxi and analysis of causes%广西水土流失演变趋势及其原因分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁刚毅

    2014-01-01

    根据广西水土流失遥感调查和水利普查相关数据,分析了近60年来广西水土流失变化趋势及其原因。2000年前,广西水土流失面积呈波动性变化,水土流失面积为10690.50-13564 km2之间,占土地总面积的4.50%-5.71%,水土资源与生态环境表现为“一边治理,一边破坏”的现象;2000年后,水土流失面积由2000年的10690.50 km2迅速增加至目前的50536.78 km2,占土地总面积4.50%左右上升到目前21.27%。且流失强度明显增加,水土流失呈恶化趋势。%Analysis was made on the soil erosion evolution trends and causes of Guangxi during last 60 years based on the relevant data from remote sensing survey and water census. Before 2000,soil erosion had fluctuating chang-es with erosion area variable within 10690.50~13564km2,taking up 4.50%~5.71%of total land area;soil and wa-ter resources and ecological environment were protected and destroyed simultaneously. After 2000,soil erosion ar-ea increased rapidly from 10690.50km2 in 2000 to current 50536.78km2,with the percentage increased from 4.50%to 21.27%. Soil erosion is deteriorating with significantly rising erosion intensity.

  3. 广西师范大学生态校园水环境分析%Water environment analysis for ecological campus of Guangxi Normal University

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李晖; 王月; 尹辉

    2013-01-01

      为了改善广西师范大学水环境,构建生态校园。对广西师范大学育才校区水环境进行了初步调查,结果发现学生宿舍和食堂生活污水中的CODcr、BOD5、氨氮、总磷、挥发酚等超标,存在轻度污染的问题。通过分析其污染原因,结合雁山新校区人工湿地的污水处理方法,提出了加强污水处理和中水利用系统的建设,合理利用雨水资源等综合治理建议,以达到恢复和保护校园生态环境的目的。%In order to improve the water environment of Guangxi Normal University and construct ecological cam⁃pus,preliminary investigation was conducted for the water environment of its Yucai sub-campus. The results dem⁃onstrate that there exists slight pollution in the sewage from student dormitory and canteen,with excessive indexes such as CODcr,BOD5,ammonia nitrogen,total phosphorus and volatile phenol. Based on analysis of pollution causes,combined with the sewage treatment method adopted by its new Yanshan sub-campus with artificial wet⁃land,it is put forward to strengthen construction of sewage treatment and recycled water utilization system,proper⁃ly utilize rainwater resources,so as to recover and protect ecological environment of campus.

  4. Assessment of the Drought in Guangxi by Palmer Index and SPI Index%Palmer指数和SPI指数对广西干旱的评估分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨罗嫚; 赵华荣

    2015-01-01

    Based on daily temperature and precipitation data from 2009 to 2010 in Guangxi.The Palmer drought severity index (PDSI) and standardized precipitation index (SPI) of the 20 stations were calculated by monthly.The spatial distribution of precipitation , temperature and two indexes were analysed by ANUSPLIN software , and analysed the effect of drought indexes by precipitation and temperature.The study shows that the drought process was effected by precipitation and tempera-ture , between the two kind of drought indexes , PDSI was more according to the practical of situation , and more suitable to assess the drought for the area.%利用广西地区2009-2010年20个气象站逐日气温和降水资料,计算逐月帕默尔指数( PDSI)和标准化降雨指数( SPI)。采用ANUSPLIN插值软件对降雨、气温和两种指数的空间分布进行差值分析,并分析了降雨量和温度对干旱指数的影响。研究表明,降雨量的大小和温度的高低影响着该地区干旱过程,在两种干旱指数中,PDSI指数更加符合广西的实际情况,更适合于广西地区的干旱评估。

  5. Ar-Ar and U-Pb geochronology of Late Paleozoic basalts in western Guangxi and its constraints on the eruption age of Emeishan basalt magmatism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    FAN Weiming; WANG Yuejun; PENG Touping; MIAO Laicheng; GUO Feng

    2004-01-01

    The Late Paleozoic layered or stratoid-layered basalts in western Guangxi have similar elemental and isotopic compositions to Emeishan high-Ti basalts. Whole-rock 40Ar/39Ar and SHRIMP zircon U-Pb dating were carried out for the representative basalt samples in three typical profiles in the area. Three basalts from the upper segment of Yangxu profile and lower segment of Yufeng and Min'an profiles yield the 40Ar/39Ar plateau ages of 253.6±0.4 Ma (20BS-71),255.4±0.4 Ma (20BS-99) and 256.2±0.8 Ma (20BS-119), respectively. Twenty-three analyses on 23 zircons of the basalt from the upper segment of Yangxu profile give a weighted mean 206pb/238U age of 253.7±6.1 Ma with an MSWD = 2.8.These new and published geochronological data for Emeishan large igneous province (LIP) indicate that the Emeishan LIP was initiated at ~260 Ma, voluminously erupted between 253 and 256 Ma, and possibly ended at ~251-253Ma' The age (251-260 Ma) is generally consistent with that of the associated environmental deterioration and mass extinction events at the end-Guadalupian and Permo-Triassic boundary. These precise geochronological data provide important constraints on the dominantly eruptive time of the Emeishan LIP and understanding of the distribution of Emeishan high-Ti basalts and its mantle plume dynamics.

  6. RESEARCH ON THE INNOVATIVE DESIGN OF GUANGXI NIXING DECORATIVE POTTERY%试论广西坭兴陈设陶的创新设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王宁

    2009-01-01

    The Guangxi Nixing pottery has a history of more than 1,300 years and was titled as one of the "Chinese Four Greatest Pottery" together with Yixing purple clay wares, Sichuan Rongchang Pottery and Yunnan Jianshui Pottery. However, it seems now the Nixing pottery falls short of its title after several glorious generations, which has become the concern of many people who study on its development issue. This paper aims to rediscover the distinctive expressiveness of Nixing pottery from design concept and art interest respectively and try to make an innovative approach to its modeling and decoration.%广西坭兴陶具有1300多年的历史,与宜兴紫砂陶,四川荣昌陶和云南建水陶并称中国四大名陶.然而广西坭兴陶在经历了数代辉煌后,似乎已经和中国四大名陶之一这个称号有了一定的差距,很多人都在思考其中的原因,探讨广西坭兴陶的发展问题.本文旨在从设计思想观念、艺术审美层面上重新认识和把握坭兴陶独特的表现形式,并从造型、装饰两个方面进行一些创新的探讨,以期得到广大陶瓷专家和同行们的指正和帮助.

  7. Environment Pressure Evaluation of Beach Culture in Guangxi Beibu Gulf%广西北部湾滩涂养殖生态环境压力评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王大鹏; 程胜龙; 施坤涛; 何安尤

    2014-01-01

    A beach culture environmental stress evaluation stratification system which contains three levels is established,including seven two indicators and 3 7 three indicators.Using gray system analysis method and the improved TOPSIS method for socio-economic factors and the natural ecological factors indicators have been calculated,and the Guangxi Beibu Gulf 2 1 beach culture focus of the ecological pressure on the environment were assessed.Evaluation results show that the proliferation of Wuni mudflat area,Luerhuan-dazao estuary beach culture area,Sanniangwan Dafeng Eguchi breeding areas, Xiniu horn-Malan Island beach culture district,east of Jiangshan Peninsula beach culture area,Pearl Harbor beach culture District the highest pressure on the ecological environment.%建立了包含3个层次的滩涂养殖生态环境压力评价分层体系,包括7个二级指标和37个三级指标。采用灰色系统分析方法和改进的TOPSIS法分别对社会经济因子指标和自然生态因子指标进行了计算,并对广西北部湾21个滩涂养殖集中区的生态环境压力进行了评估,评价结果显示,乌泥滩涂增殖区、鹿耳环-大灶江口滩涂养殖区、三娘湾-大风江口养殖区、犀牛角-麻兰岛滩涂养殖区、江山半岛东侧滩涂养殖区、珍珠港滩涂养殖区对生态环境的压力最高。

  8. 文化因素对广西语言使用的影响%The Impact of Culture Factors on Language Use in Guangxi Autonomous Region

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁善来

    2015-01-01

    从文化的角度即地方戏、历史故事和神话传说等方面论证语言外部的文化因素对广西语言使用的影响。主要结论为:1.地方文化对保持广西少数民族语言或汉语方言的独立存在和持续发展具有很大的影响;2.文化艺术活动的开展与群众性的参与以及文化的传播使不同民族之间的广泛接触易于形成语言接触的环境;不同语种文化的广泛接触易于产生双语现象;3.利用文化因素,便于推动广西普通话的推广和普及。%This study analyses and demonstrates the impact of cultural factors outside languages on the use of lan-guages in Guangxi Autonomous Region from the perspectives of local theaters, historical stories and legends, et cetera.These impacts exist mainly in the following:1) the local cultural factors which possess national characteris-tics exert a great impact on keeping the independence and the persistence of the languages and the dialects of mi-nority groups in Guang Xi;2) the development of cultural and artistic activities, along with mass participation and cultural dissemination is beneficial to the contact between different nationalities, forming the environment of lan-guage interaction and producing the so-called bilingual phenomenon;3 ) the use of cultural factors promotes the popularization of standard Chinese in Guang Xi.

  9. A new species and additional records of Lobrathium Mulsant & Rey (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae, Paederinae) from South China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peng, Zhong; Li, Li-Zhen; Zhao, Mei-Jun

    2016-01-01

    Material of the genus Lobrathium Mulsant & Rey, 1878 from the Chinese provinces Fujian, Hunan, Sichuan, Guangdong and Guangxi is examined. Six species are identified, four of them described previously and two undescribed. Lobrathium kedian Peng & Li, sp. n. (Guangxi: Shiwangda Shan) is described and illustrated. One probably undescribed species remains unnamed. The female sexual characters of Lobrathium flexum Assing, 2014 are described and illustrated for the first time. The genus is now represented in mainland China by 43 species.

  10. On the biodiversity,cultural diversity and their relation to ecotourism: A case study in Nandan County,Guangxi%广西南丹县生物多样性和文化多样性与生态旅游的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王献溥; 蒋高明

    2002-01-01

    Rich and varied biodiversity and cultural diversity have educational significance and sightseeing value. According to view points of systematic conservation planning and irreplaceability analysis, combining with the specials of bioiversity and cultural diversity, eight ecotourism regions to build are proposed in Nandan County, Guangxi Zhuangzu Autonomous Region.

  11. 广西北部湾经济区国土开发风险评估研究%Study on Territorial Risk Assessment in Beibu Gulf of Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王尧; 杨建锋; 孟旭光

    2015-01-01

    Based on the theories of terrestrial exploration risk in the study area, the pressure factors of terres-trial resources exploration risk are divided into three types:resources and environment carry capacity factor, terres-trial exploration dynamics factor and terrestrial exploration potential factors.The study area is the Beibu Gulf eco-nomic zone of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region.Using ArcGIS and modeling method, the paper studies the spa-tial distribution of resources and environment carry capacity factor, terrestrial exploration dynamics factor and ter-restrial exploration potential factors, and evaluated them in an integrated way.This study is an important explora-tion of the theory and practice in regional terrestrial resources exploration risk evaluation.It can provide new ideas and experience on evaluation of regional terrestrial resources exploration risk.The content and results are intro-duced as follow: Mashan County, Longan County, Luchuan County, Beiliu City, Rongxian County and Daxin County have some low risk land can be explored,and should increase investment in infrastructure;low risk region of terrestrial resources exploration mainly distributed in Qinzhou City, Hengxian County, Longan County, Fusui Coun-ty, and east and south of Yulin City, and should be carried out in a planned and gradual development;medium risk region distribute all over the region, but concentrates in the city area of Nanning, middle and north part of Yulin City, south part of Chongzuo City, Qinnan District, Qinbei District, Fangcheng District and Hepu County.Medium risk region should give top priority to improve the quality and efficiency;high risk region mainly distribute in Lian-gqing District, Yining District, Binyang County, Wuming County, Port Area District, Jiangzhou District, Ningming County, Bobai County and coastal region of Beihai City.This area should insist on the development principles of protection of priority , appropriate development, the development of point

  12. 15Th South African Psychology Congress, Cape Town, South Africa

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Test

    relationship patterns; identity formation in South Africa; risk and resilience in South African children; gender and health; indigenous healing ceremonies; ethics in ... Union of Psychological Science, who mentioned that he was interested in the ...

  13. South Africa: chartering change

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baxter, B.

    2003-04-01

    The paper reviews the new South African mining charter, assessing how the terms and objectives will really affect the industry. The charter consists of 'seven pillars'. If a company is unable to comply with any of these conditions, its mining licences will be withdrawn. In the case of new applications, non-compliance can lead them to not being issued at all. Companies will be 'scored' on their implementation of the charter. The two main issues (or pillars) are mine ownership and the introduction of black South Africans into management positions.

  14. Audiology in South Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swanepoel, De Wet

    2006-05-01

    Audiology in South Africa is an established profession facing the challenge of serving a diverse population in predominantly developing contexts. The profession has developed over the last half century from an adjunct to speech-language pathology into a profession in its own right. Several tertiary institutions offer undergraduate training in audiology with optional postgraduate qualifications. Institutions are continually adapting to a profession characterised by rapid change--evidenced even in the very composition of the profession itself. This article aims to provide an overview of the development and current status of audiology as a profession in South Africa.

  15. 财务预算管理优化研究--以皇氏乳业为例%Research on the Improvement of Financial Budget Management of Guangxi Royal Dairy Co., Ltd.

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢欢

    2016-01-01

    Guangxi Royal Dairy Co., Ltd. is the dairy enterprise with the largest operation scale and the best technical strength of buffalo milk industry's production in current China. With the increasingly fierce market competition, the traditional budget management model has been difficult to adapt to the objective requirements of the development of enterprises. Therefore, to improve and optimize the enterprise budget management is imminent. This paper investigates and studies the internal Guangxi Royal Dairy Co., Ltd., analyzes the current financial situation and finds out the problems to put forward the suggestions to improve the financial budget management of the company.%皇氏乳业现为国内水牛奶产业生产经营规模最大、技术实力最强的乳制品企业。随着市场竞争日趋激烈,传统的预算管理模式已经很难适应企业发展客观要求,因此,完善和优化企业预算管理迫在眉睫。在皇氏乳业内部进行调查研究,分析当今企业财务现状,找出其存在的问题,从而提出完善企业财务预算管理的对策建议。

  16. 广西城市社区老年服务发展的历程、现状与对策%Process, Current Situation and Countermeasures of Service Development of the Senior Citizens in Urban Communities in Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韦宇红

    2012-01-01

    It is an important way to develop the community services for the senior citizens in Guangxi. During more than 20 years, service development of the senior citizens in urban communities has been improved, and which has a good social benefits, however, there are still some gaps to achieving the goals. As to Guangxi, it is needed to focus on the main problems and take more effective measures to fulfill the harmonious development between aging population and economic society%大力发展社区老年服务是广西破解"未富先老"养老难题的重要出路。经过近30年的发展,广西城市社区老年服务已初具规模,并产生了良好的社会效益,但距离满足老年人社区服务需求的目标还存在着较大差距。广西应抓住社区老年服务发展中的突出问题,采取更为积极有效的措施,努力实现人口老龄化与经济社会协调发展。

  17. Discussion about reservoir area height system based on Guangxi quasi-geoid model refinement%基于广西似大地水准面精化模型的库区高程系统探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏中球

    2014-01-01

    根据大地高系统和正常高系统的特点,以瓦村水电站库区GNSS平面控制网的数据和广西似大地水准面精化模型的成果为基础,建立库区正常高系统,并对高程精度进行分析。探讨了利用广西似大地水准面精化模型建立库区正常高系统存在的问题,并参考传统附合水准路线提出了一种利用GNSS高程拟合技术进行四等水准测量的精度评价参考方法。%In accordance with the characteristics of Geodetic height system and normal height system ,the normal height system of Wacun Hydropower Station reservoir area was set up based on the data of GNSS plane control net-work and Guangxi quasi-geoid model refinement. The author analyzed the height accuracy,discussed the problem existing in setting up reservoir area normal height system by use of Guangxi quasi-geoid model refinement. With ref-erence to traditional annexed leveling line,the author put forward a method for the evaluation of grade IV leveling measurement accuracy with GNSS height fitting technology.

  18. Research on the Spatial-temporal Change Characteristics of Land-cover in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region%广西壮族自治区土地覆盖时空变化特点研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    易玲; 赵晓丽; 刘斌; 汪潇

    2009-01-01

    采用"国家科技基础条件平台建设-地球系统科学数据共享网"中"中国1∶25万比例尺的土地覆盖数据库"数据资料,归纳广西全区尺度的土地覆盖特征,通过转换矩阵分析1980~2005年广西全区土地覆盖的时空变化特点,以期为实现可持续发展提供科学数据支持.%Based on "1∶25 million scale of China's land-cover database" from "Basic conditions for national science and technology platform- Earth System Science Data Sharing Network", the land-cover characteristics of Guangxi whole region scale were summarized. The spatial-temporal change characteristics of land-cover in Guangxi whole region from 1980 to 2005 were analyzed through conversion matrix, so as to provide scientific data support for achieving the sustainable development.

  19. 广西北部湾人力资源开发力度分析%On the Development Dimension of the Human Resources in Guangxi Beibu Gulf Economic Zone

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡建平; 李梅

    2012-01-01

    The development of human resources has played an important role in enhancing the competi- tiveness of regional economic development. The development of Guangxi Beibu Gulf Economic Zone is inseparable'from the intelligence support of the regional human resources. The paper, working out a measurement index system of human resources development dimension, tries to evaluate the level of human resources in quantity development, quality development, structure development, and flow development in Guangxi Beibu Gulf Economic Zone, to discover the problems existing in the regional human resources development, so as to provide important scientific basis in hope of realizing the regional strategic target.%人力资源开发对增强区域经济发展竞争力有着非常重要的作用。广西北部湾经济区的发展离不开区域人力资源的智力支持。构建人力资源开发力度指标体系来评价广西北部湾人力资源数量开发、素质开发、结构开发、流动开发的开发程度,从而发现区域人力资源开发中存在的问题,为区域战略目标的实现提供重要的科学依据。

  20. Investigation and Research on the system construction of Guangxi college students'psychological crisis intervention%广西高校学生心理危机干预体系建设调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢春艳; 陈雪斌

    2014-01-01

    With the development of College Students'psychological crisis events ,establish and perfect the imminent college student psychological crisis intervention system. This article carries on the investigation of 32 universities in Guangxi by way of a questionnaire survey ,aims to understand the situation of the construction of Guangxi college students'psychological crisis in‐tervention system ,proposed the university psychological crisis intervention from the psychological crisis prevention starts ,ai‐ming at different types of psychological crisis intervention measures taken different ,the construction of college student psycho‐logical crisis intervention system.%随着高校学生心理危机事件的发生,建立健全高校学生心理危机干预体系迫在眉睫。通过问卷调查方式对广西32所高校进行调查,旨在了解广西高校学生心理危机干预体系构建状况,提出高校心理危机干预应从心理危机预防入手,针对心理危机不同类型采取不同的干预措施,构建高校学生心理危机干预体系。

  1. Guangxi Desertification land Monitoring Information Sharing System Construction Based on WebGIS Open Source%基于开源WebGIS的广西沙化土地监测信息共享系统构建

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    莫奇京; 罗蔚生; 杨桂贤

    2011-01-01

    Based on OpenLayers, WebGIS open source, MapServer, PostgreSQL/PostGIS , and Guangxi desertification monitoring data basis, Guangxi desertification monitoring information sharing system has been developed. The system has achieved Internet environment which can provide analysis of land desertification monitoring space and attribute data visualization for the public, and the system runs on a network platform, have a strong application of monitoring land desertification and information sharing for the using of free software open source, operating costs low, low demand of user' s hardware and software, simple operation etc.%应用开源WebGIS软件OpenLayers,MapServer,PostgreSQL/PostGIS,以广西第五次沙化监测数据为基础,构建基于开源WebGIS的广西沙化监测信息共事系统,实现在Internet环境上为公众提供沙化土地监测空间和属性数据的可视化分析、查询.系统运行于网络平台,所用的软件均为开源免费软件,开发与运行费用低廉,对用户的软硬件要求低,操作简单方便,对于沙化土地监测信息共事有很强的应用价值.

  2. Countermeasures on Guangxi SMEs Make and Become High-quality Financing Carriers%广西中小企业成为优质融资载体的对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    严浩宇

    2011-01-01

    广西中小企业一直面临融资难这一难题。企业先天存在不利于融资的因素是造成融资难的重要原因。解决融资难题,广西中小企业应通过规范公司治理结构、健全财务管理制度、建设信用文化、与银行等利益关系部门建立良好的关系以及创新融资观念等途径把自身打造成为优质融资载体。%The small and medium enterprises of Guangxi have also been faced with the Financing difficulty,which is a worldwide problem.The puzzle of course because of an external environment,there are many financing obstacles,but there is innate factors not conducive to enterprise financing contribute to the important reasons of financing difficulties.Solving their financing problem,the SMEs of Guangxi not only just expecting the government to issue more favorable financing policies,but also need a refinery's cornerstones,build themselves into the financing carrier of high quality.

  3. Discuss on The Development Countermeasure of Guangxi Timber Forest under the Background of Timber Strategic Reserve%木材战略储备背景下的广西乔木用材林发展对策探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韦启忠; 李新建

    2014-01-01

    This research analyzed the dynamic changes and principal issues that existed in the management of timber forest resource in the Guangxi from 2000 to 201 0,by the data of area,accumulation,tree species struc-ture,age group structure,unit area volume,growth and consumption from the sixth,seventh and eighth contin-uous forest inventory.Furthermore,this paper provided countermeasure for the development of Guangxi timber forest under the background of timber strategic reserve.%利用广西森林资源连续清查数据,从面积、蓄积、树种结构、龄组结构、单位面积蓄积量、生长量和消耗量等方面,对10年间广西乔木用材林资源的变化动态及经营中存在的主要问题进行了分析,并为木材战略储备背景下的广西乔木用材林发展提供了相应对策。

  4. 广西能源消费与经济增长脱钩轨迹分析%An Analysis on the Trajectory of Decoupling of Energy Consumption from Economic Growth in Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    印宏亮

    2013-01-01

    The research is based on the decoupling theory. By establishing the decoupling index and classi-fying decoupling,with the data collected during 1979-2011,the paper analyzes the trajectory of decoupling of energy consumption from economic growth in Guangxi. The results show that the mutual relationship between energy consumption and economic growth has experienced 3 periods and 5 stages in Guangxi,tending to be steady. It also puts forward some measures that help stably ecouple energy consumption from economic growth.%在脱钩理论基础上,构建脱钩指数,对脱钩进行分类,通过运用1979-2011年的数据对广西能源消费与经济增长的脱钩轨迹进行分析,认为广西能源消费与经济增长的关系经历了3个时期5个阶段,两者之间的关系有稳定的趋势,并提出了促进能源消费与经济增长稳定脱钩的措施。

  5. A Tentative Study of the Soured Food and Its Causes in Guangxi Ethnic Areas%广西民族地区酸食习俗及其成因初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘覃波; 滕兰花

    2011-01-01

    Soured food,a very popular food in Guangxi ethnic areas,is the product of long-term production and life experience of Guangxi people,typically representing their diets.There are a wide range of soured foods with a time-honored history.Their popularity is attributed to history,geography,weather,residents' health concepts and national cultural communication as well.%酸食是广西居民饮食的典型代表,在广西地区非常盛行,不仅有着悠久的历史,而且种类繁多。究其盛行的原因,有历史、地理、气候等因素。酸食文化是广西居民长期生产和生活实践经验的结晶,也是居民健康观念和民族文化交流影响的结果。

  6. 二十世纪三四十年代广西粮食管理探析%The Analysis of Grain Management in Guangxi Province in the 1930s∼1940s

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余涛

    2014-01-01

    二十世纪三四十年代广西粮食问题严重。广西省政府采取一系列举措来加强粮食管理。如建立粮管机构,建设粮食仓库,制订粮食调节办法等。这些措施对增加粮食储备,保证战时军需民食起到一定作用,但由于资金限制,基层人员管理不善,米谷变质,粮损严重,对军粮民食产生不利影响。%The food problem was serious in Guangxi Province in the 1930s 1940s. The Guangxi Provincial Gov-ernment took a series of measures to strengthen the food management such as establishing the grain management mechanisms, building grain warehouses, and working out grain adjustment measures. These measures played a certain role in promoting food reserve and meeting the needs of military and people during the wartime. How-ever, due to limited funds and the poor management at grassroots, rice and grain got deteriorated and affected on the food supply to the military and people.

  7. 广西地方院校大学生多元文化素质培养途径与方法探讨%Discussion on Approaches and Methods for Multicultural Quality Training of Guangxi Local College Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴声军

    2012-01-01

    In the context of CAFTA,Guangxi local colleges should exert their advantages and features,building the multicultural curriculum system,developing multiculturalism quality teachers, building a national mutual respect and recognition of university culture, implementing various forms of multicultural classroom teaching and strengthening international cooperation exchanges and other methods to strengthen the multicultural education of all ethnic groups in Guangxi and ASEAN countries multicultural education, To enhance the multicultural quality of college students and cultivate the high-quality international talents.%面对CAFTA的背景,广西地方院校应该发挥自身的优势和特点。通过构建多元文化课程体系、培养合理的师资队伍、建设民族互尊与认同的校园文化、实施形式多样的多元文化课堂教学以及加强国际合作交流等途径和方法,加强广西各民族与东盟各国多元文化教育,全面提升在校大学生多元文化素质,培养高素质的国际化人才。

  8. 从«桂海虞衡志»看范成大治桂%On Fan Chengda’sAchievements in the Management of Guangxi fro m Guihaiyuhengzhi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张翠方

    2016-01-01

    «桂海虞衡志»是淳熙年间范成大离桂赴蜀途中所著的记载广西风土人情的著作,从有关内容可把范成大治桂政绩概括为祛除陋俗、改革马政、强化军事、治理边事等方面。范成大治桂期间兴利除害,造福一方,在后世产生了深远影响,所著«桂海虞衡志»为研究宋代广西的历史提供了丰富的资料。%Guihaiyuhengzhi is a book mainly about the local conditions and customs of Guangxi written by Fan Chengda on his way from Guilin to Sichuan in the first year of Chun Xi (1174).Fan Chengda’s achievements can be seen in this book,including the removal of bad customs,the reform of horse administration,the strengthening of the military, the frontier governance, and so on.During his governance in Guilin,Fan promoted the beneficial and abolished the harmful,bringing benefit to the people in the region.Guihaiyuhengzhi also provides plenty of information for studying the history of Guangxi in the Song Dynasty (960-1279).

  9. 广西涉外导游跨文化交际能力发展策略分析%Analysis on Development Strategies of the Intercultural Communication Ability of Foreign-related Tour Guide in Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄冬梅

    2014-01-01

    广西涉外旅游发展迅速,涉外导游在传播优秀的民族文化、提升旅游经济效益和提高旅游国际形象方面起到了重要的作用。我们继续提高广西涉外导游双语沟通能力、异质文化适应能力和跨文化营销技巧,促进广西涉外旅游的蓬勃发展。%In the rapid development of foreign-related tourism, foreign-related tour guides play an important role in communi-cating the excellent national cultural, promoting tourism econom-ic benefits and improving the international image of tourism. We should continue to improve the bilingual communication ability, heterogeneous culture adaptability and intercultural marketing techniques of foreign-related tour guides in Guangxi, thus pro-moting the booming of foreign-related tourism in Guangxi.

  10. Occurrence and damage of alien invasive weeds in Guangxi agricultural ecosystem%广西农业生态系统外来入侵杂草发生与危害现状分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭成林; 马永林; 马跃峰; 覃建林

    2013-01-01

    [目的]了解广西农业生态系统外来入侵杂草发生与危害状况,为外来入侵杂草的风险评估与防控提供科学依据.[方法]采用文献资料与野外调查相结合的方法,于2011年10月~2012年9月对广西境内14个地级市80个县区稻田、甘蔗地、木薯地、桑园、果园、蔬菜以及其他作物地外来入侵杂草进行系统调查,调查内容包括外来入侵杂草的种类、分布、生境及危害程度.[结果]查明广西农业生态系统有外来入侵杂草101种,隶属27科74属,其中以菊科最多,有25种,其次为禾本科17种、苋科8种、茄科7种、豆科6种、旋花科和大戟科各5种;从植物性状看,以草本植物为主,有88种,占87.13%;从分布特点看,以全区分布为主,有67种,占66.34%;从危害程度看,危害严重的外来杂草有15种,危害程度中等的有22种.[结论]广西农业生态系统外来杂草种类多、数量大、危害重,建立外来物种监测、风险评估及防控体系是防范外来杂草入侵的有效途径.%[Objective]The study was performed to investigate the occurrence and damage of alien invasive weeds in Guangxi agricultural ecosystem in order to provide references for their risk assessment and further prevention and control.[Method] Based on field investigations and related literatures,systematic study was conducted from October 2011 to September 2012 to investigate variety,distribution,habitat and damage degree of invasive weeds in rice,sugarcane,cassava,mulberry,orchard,vegetable and other crop fields in 80 counties and 14 cities of Guangxi.[Result]A total of 101 species of invasive plants belonging to 74 genus and 27 families were identified in Guangxi farmlands.Amongst them,Compositae was the most invasiveweeds,which was consisted of 25 species and it was followed by Gramineae (17 species),Amaranthaceae (8 species),Solanaceae (7 species),Leguminosae (6 species),Convolvulaceae (5 species) and Euphorbiaceae (5 species

  11. Surveillance of malaria in Global Fund Malaria Project counties of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in 2011%2011年广西全球基金疟疾项目县疟疾监测结果分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林康明; 黎军; 毛玮; 黄亚铭; 李锦辉; 郭传坤; 杨益超

    2013-01-01

    Objective To analyze the monitoring results and epidemic trend of malaria in the Global Fund Malaria Project counties of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in 2011, so as to provide the evidence for improving the preventive measures. Methods The data about malaria surveillance were collected and statistically analyzed in 7 Global Fund Malaria Project counties of Guangxi in 2011. Results A total of 8 cases of malaria were reported in the Global Fund Malaria Project counties of Guangxi in 2011, the average annual incidence rate was 0.04 per 10000 which increased by 100% compared with that in 2010, accounting for 7.14% (8/112) of the total number of cases in Guangxi. Totally 42 064 residents with fever were examined with blood tests and no case was found; 3 867 floating people were examined with blood tests and 8 cases of malaria were found (0.21 %), including 5 cases of vivax malaria and 3 cases of falciparum malaria. The 8 malaria cases distributed in Longlin, Tiane, Nandan, Youjiang counties (district), and they all had ever worked in Africa or Southeast Asia. There were no input secondary cases or deaths throughout the year. Conclusions The preventive measures of malaria are effective in the Global Fund Malaria Project counties of Guangxi, and the malaria epidemic situation is stable. It is the key to strengthen the malaria surveillance of the floating population who returned from Africa or Southeast Asia for consolidating the achievement of malaria prevention and control.%目的 分析2011年广西壮族自治区(广西)全球基金疟疾项目县疟疾疫情监测结果及流行动态,为制订防治措施提供参考依据.方法 收集2011年广西7个全球基金疟疾项目县疟疾年报表、工作简报及网络直报等监测数据进行统计分析.结果 2011年广西全球基金疟疾项目县共报告疟疾病例8例,占全区病例总数的7.14%(8/112);平均年发病率为0.04/万,较2010年上升100%.全年血检常住人口中发热病人42

  12. 乡村旅游业发展对广西区域经济的影响研究∗%THE INFLUENCE OF RURAL TOURISM DEVELOPMENT ON THE REGIONAL ECONOMY OF GUANGXI AND THE IMPROVEMENT MEASURES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢睿

    2016-01-01

    In view of the significant role of the development of rural tourism on boosting regional economic growth, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region vigorously developed rural tourism to serve as aneconomic transformation under the new economic growth point. Guangxi had unique natural conditions for rural tourism development, such as karst landscape, agricultural terraces, lakes and waterfalls. In recent years, under the support of the government, it de-veloped a lot of rural tourism scenic areawell-known both inside and outside the province. Based on the qualitative and quantitative analysis, this paper combined the theory of multiplier theory and the effect of life cycle to establish the econometrics model of Guangxi rural tourism industry and regional GDP, and then analyzed the contribution of rural tourism development on regional economic performance, to further improve the rural tourism industry impact on the regional economic development in Guangxi, put forward the scientific and feasible countermeasures and sug-gestions to promote the transformation of economic structure and regional economic development,aiming to promote the tourism industry to become a new pillar of Guangxi, and achieve the strategic goal of regional economic leap for-ward development.%鉴于乡村旅游业发展对区域经济增长有明显拉动作用的客观事实,广西壮族自治区近年来大力发展乡村旅游业,以此作为经济转型背景下新的经济增长点。广西有发展乡村旅游业得天独厚的自然资源条件,拥有喀斯特地貌、农业梯田、湖泊瀑布等乡村旅游业发展资源,近年来在政府的支持下开发出不少闻名省内外的乡村旅游景区。文章从理论(定性)、实证(定量)等2个角度切入分析,结合乘数理论和生命周期效应理论,建立广西乡村旅游业与区域GDP的计量经济学模型,通过严密的数理逻辑推导,分析乡村旅游业发展对区域经济影响的表现和贡献

  13. Genetic analysis of glycoprotein genes derived from the rabies virus epidemic in Guangxi%广西流行狂犬病毒糖蛋白基因的遗传性分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨健; 罗廷荣; 张红普; 章民; 李晓宁; 何晓霞; 谢琳娟; 陆专灵; 韦显凯; 唐海波

    2012-01-01

    In order to understand the epidemic trend and genetic variation of rabies disease in Guangxi and to provide relevant prevention and control strategies, the glycoprotein (G) gene sequences, isolated from Guangxi rabies virus strains, were studied and analyzed. [Method]From Oct. 2000 to Oct. 2007, 1569 samples of animal brain tissues collected from 14 cities of Guangxi were used to isolate and detect rabies virus by RT桺CR and Mouse Intracerebral Inoculation Test, then they were sequenced according to procedure. [Result]The results showed that 26 wild strains of rabies were collected from different areas of Guangxi; out of the strains, 23 belonged to dogs, 1 belonged to cattle, 1 belonged to swine, and 1 belonged to cat. The whole length of the nucleotide of rabies virus G gene was 2067 bp, and the open reading frame was 1575 bp, which encoded 524 amino acid. According to homology and evolutionary tree analysis results, the isolated Guangxi rabies virus G genes were divided into three gene-groups, namely groups I (15 strains), II (10 strains), and III (1 strains). The nucleotide homology rates of groups I and II were 97.7-99.9% and 98.0-99.9%, respectively. Amino acid mutation sites of glycoprotein encoded by rabies virus G genes in 26 wild strains were obtained by analyzing the amino acid variation. [Conclusion]There were three groups of rabies virus virulent strains, of which groups I and II were more common. The amino acid variations in each of the three groups were significantly specified.%[目的]通过测定广西流行狂犬病毒糖蛋白(G)基因的全序列,了解广西狂犬病的流行趋势和遗传变异规律,为制定广西狂犬病的防控策略提供科学依据.[方法]2000年10月~2007年10月,从广西14个市采集1569份动物脑组织,经RT-PCR检测及小白鼠脑内接种试验分离狂犬病毒,然后对狂犬病毒G基因进行测序分析.[结果]从广西各地共分离获得26株狂犬病毒野毒株,其中犬23

  14. Genetic Polymorphism of IL-21 Gene rs2221903 T/C in Chinese Guangxi Populations%中国广西人白细胞介素21基因rs2221903T/C遗传多态性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蓝艳; 余艳蓉; 王春芳; 韦叶生; 韦传东; 王俊利; 黄照权

    2012-01-01

    目的:了解白细胞介素-21 (IL-21) 基因单核苷酸多态性 (SNP) 各等位基因及基因型在中国广西地区人群中的分布频率,比较其在不同种族间分布的差异.方法:采用单碱基延伸的PCR技术和DNA测序法检测199例中国广西人的IL-21基因rs2221903 T/C多态性,并结合人类基因组计划 (Hapmap) 公布的欧洲人、非洲人、日本人和中国北京人的SNP 分型数据,比较分析广西人与其他种族人群的基因型及等位基因分布频率的差异.结果:广西人IL-21基因型TT、TC和CC频率分别为75.38%、23.62% 和1.01%;等位基因T、C 频率分别为87.19%和12.81%.其基因型频率在男女组间比较差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).广西人与欧洲和非洲人群比较,IL-21基因多态性分布频率差异均有统计学意义(P0.05).结论:在中国广西人群中存在IL-21基因多态性,且与其他种族人群比较存在显著性差异,这种差异对于人类学的研究可能起重要的作用.%Objective: To study the frequencies of allele and genotype distribution of interleukin-21 ( IL-21 ) gene single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in Chinese guangxi populations, and to analyze the distributions of IL-21 polymorphism among different races. Method; The IL-21 gene rs2221903 T/C polymorphism was examined by the polymerase chain reaction-single base extension (PCR-SBE) technique and DNA sequencing methods in 199 Chinese guangxi populations, frequencies of allele and genotype of IL-21 gene rs2221903 T/C polymorphism were analyzed for guangxi populations compared with other the four populations (IlapMap-CEU, IlapMap-YRI, IlapMap-JPT and IlapMap-IICB) from human genome project group (Ilapmap) data. Results; IL-21 genotype frequencies of TT,TCand CC were 75. 38%, 23. 62% and 1. 01%, and allele frequencies of T and C were 87. 19% and 12. 81% in Chinese guangxi populations respectively. The frequencies of genotype of IL-21 gene rs2221903 T/C polymorphism were not significant

  15. Genetic Polymorphism of TLR4 at Intronic Region in Guangxi Population%广西人群 TLR4基因内含子区基因多态性的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王海彦; 廖品琥; 熊滨; 覃纲; 李军; 黄冰; 仇晓文; 胡东海; 黄孔文

    2014-01-01

    Objective To investigate the distribution of single nucleotide polymorphism(SNP) of Toll-like receptor 4(TLR4) gene in Guangxi population ,and to discuss the difference among various groups .Methods Polymerase chain reaction-single base extension ( PCR-SBE ) and DNA sequencing method were used to analyze the rs 11536879A/G polymorphism of TLR4 gene at the intronic region among 196 healthy cases in Guangxi (115 male cases ,81 female cases ) which was compared with the data of other 4 populations(Hapmap-CEU,Hapmap-HCB,Hapmap-JPT,Hapmap-YRI) from the Human Genome Project group (Hapmap).Results There were genotypes of AA ,GA,GG in rs11536879A/G of TLR4 gene at the intronic region in Guangxi population , the frequencies of genotype and allele distribution of rs11536879A/G polymorphisms showed no significant difference between female and male groups (P>0.05).Guangxi population showed a significant difference in the frequencies of genotype and allele distribution of rs 11536879 A/G polymorphism in contrast with Hapmap-CEU,Hapmap-JPT and Hapmap-YRI(P0.05).Conclusion The frequencies of genotype and allele distribution of genetic polymorphisms at the TLR 4 intronic region in Guangxi population show no significant difference between the male and the female ,but show a significant difference among different regions and races .%目的:探讨人类Toll样受体4(TLR4)基因内含子区单核苷酸多态性在广西人群中分布情况及其与不同人群的差异。方法采用单碱基延伸PCR技术和DNA测序方法检测196例健康广西人群(男115例,女81例)TLR4基因内含子区rs11536879A/G位点多态性,并与人类基因组计划研究的4个人群(欧洲、北京、日本、非洲)单核苷酸多态性分型数据进行对比。结果广西人群TLR4基因内含子区rs11536879A/G位点存在AA、GA、GG 3种基因型,其基因型及等位基因频率在男性、女性组间分布差异无统计学意义( P>0.05);广西人群TLR4

  16. "South Park" vormistab roppused muusikalivormi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2000-01-01

    Animafilm "South Park : suurem, pikem ja lõikamata" ("South Park . Bigger, Longer & Uncut") : Stsenaristid Trey Parker, Matt Stone ja Pam Brady : režissöör Trey Parker : Ameerika Ühendriigid 1999

  17. "South Park" vormistab roppused muusikalivormi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2000-01-01

    Animafilm "South Park : suurem, pikem ja lõikamata" ("South Park . Bigger, Longer & Uncut") : Stsenaristid Trey Parker, Matt Stone ja Pam Brady : režissöör Trey Parker : Ameerika Ühendriigid 1999

  18. South Carolina's forests, 1993

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roger C. Conner

    1998-01-01

    This resource bulletin describes the principal findings of the seventh inventory of South Carolina’s forest re-sources. Data on the extent, condition, and classification of forest land and associated timber volumes, growth, removals, and mortality are described and interpreted. Whereas data on nontimber commodities associated with forests were also collected,...

  19. South Italian Festivals

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tak, Herman

    2000-01-01

    South Italian Festivals is a story and study of socio-economic changes in an Italian mountain town Calvello (Basilicata) over a five-hundred-year period; from traditional society to modernity. Instead of exploring a single festival the book studies a ritual one year cycle of local and ecclesiastical

  20. Literacy in South America.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hornberger, Nancy H.

    1991-01-01

    Literacy in South America must be understood in terms of the linguistic diversity there, where only 2 of 14 nations and territories are monolingual. Oral traditions, standardization of indigenous languages, nonstandard varieties of colonial languages, bilingual education and mother tongue literacy, literacy teaching, and politics are discussed.…