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Sample records for kull jane frey

  1. Katrin Pajuste / Jane Frey

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Frey, Jane, 1950-

    2005-01-01

    24. septembril 2004. a. kaitses Katrin Pajuste Tartu Ülikoolis väitekirja teemal "Õhusaasteainete sadenemine ja transformeerumine okaspuumetsades: Eesti riiklike seireandmete põhjal" ("Deposition and transformation of air pollutants in coniferous forests: a study based on Estonian monitoring data")

  2. Tokyo Jane

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Austin, Robert D.; Minbaeva, Dana; Schafer, Simon

    2014-01-01

    Tokyo Jane is an accessible fashion jewelry company that makes and markets its products as “luxury for less” by designing, importing and selling fashion jewelry pieces that look luxurious but cost only a fraction of the high-priced items that inspired them. Finished products are air......-shipped to company headquarters in Copenhagen, Denmark from factories in China, stocked in the head office and delivered to 400 retail partners —small fashion boutiques, big department stores and online shops — who then sell to consumers in Europe, Scandinavia, the United Kingdom and Canada. The two partners who...... founded the firm in 2005 are facing several problems: the brand definition is not well enough developed to support the next stage in the firm’s growth, certain challenges have outstripped available human resources — they have only three permanent employees and a revolving number of interns...

  3. Torfajökull

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stecher, Ole; Carlson, Richard W.; Gunnarsson, Bjørn

    1999-01-01

    Torfajökull is the largest silicic center in Iceland and is located on the eastern branch of Iceland's neovolcanic zone. Torfajökull's location on the Iceland volcanic crust is unique because (1) it is situated behind the tip of a propagating ridge, and (2) several ridge jumps made it possible fo...

  4. What Jane Saw

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kate Singer

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Review of Professor Janine Barchas' "What Jane Saw?" a website that reconstructs Joshua Reynolds's 1813 retrospective art exhibit, which Jane Austen attended, with particular attention to the Regency social and cultural history depicted in Austen's novels.

  5. Romantiline filosoofia / Aivar Kull

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kull, Aivar, 1955-

    2004-01-01

    Arvustus: Zweig, Stefan. Inimkonna tähetunnid : neliteist ajaloolist miniatuuri / tõlkinud Vilma Jürisalu. Tallinn : Eesti Raamat, 2003. Vaata ka: Kull, Aivar. Kulli pilk. - Tartu : Ilmamaa, 2005, lk. 76-77, pealkirjaga "Stefan Zweigi romantiline ajaloofilosoofia"

  6. Frey's syndrome - unusually long delayed clinical onset ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Frey's syndrome is a complication of parotidectomy that is thought to occur as a result of aberrant regeneration of the postganglionic parasympathetic nerve fibres supplying the parotid gland to severed ostganglionic sympathetic fibres which innervate the sweat glands of the face. Frey's syndrome is difficult to treat but is a ...

  7. Interventions for the treatment of Frey's syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Chunjie; Wu, Fanglong; Zhang, Qi; Gao, Qinghong; Shi, Zongdao; Li, Longjiang

    2015-03-17

    Frey's syndrome is a rare disorder, the symptoms of which include sweating, flushing and warming over the preauricular and temporal areas following a gustatory stimulus. It often occurs in patients who have undergone parotidectomy, submandibular gland surgery, radical neck dissection, infection and traumatic injury in the parotid region, and is caused by the aberrant regrowth of facial autonomic nerve fibres. Currently there are several options used to treat patients with Frey's syndrome; for example, the topical application of anticholinergics and antiperspirants, and the intradermal injection of botulinum toxin. It is uncertain which treatment is most effective and safe. To assess the efficacy and safety of different interventions for the treatment of Frey's syndrome. We searched the Cochrane Ear, Nose and Throat Disorders Group Trials Register; the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL); PubMed; EMBASE; CINAHL; Web of Science; ICTRP and additional sources for published and unpublished trials. The date of the search was 28 April 2014. We included randomised or quasi-randomised controlled trials (RCTs) in participants diagnosed with Frey's syndrome using a clinical standard such as Minor's starch-iodine test. We planned to include trials in which participants received any intervention versus no treatment (observation) or an alternative intervention, with or without a second active treatment. Our primary outcome measures were success rate (as assessed clinically by Minor's starch-iodine test, the iodine-sublimated paper histogram method, blotting paper technique or another method) and adverse events. Our secondary outcome measure was success rate as assessed by patients (disappearance or improvement of symptoms). We used the standard methodological procedures expected by The Cochrane Collaboration. We identified no RCTs or quasi-RCTs that fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Our searches retrieved eight potentially relevant studies, but after

  8. Conversations with Miss Jane

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    Geneviève Fabre

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available Considering the wide range of conversations in the autobiography, this essay will attempt to appraise the importance of these verbal exchanges in relation to the overall narrative structure of the book and to the prevalent oral tradition in Louisiana culture, as both an individual and communal expression. The variety of circumstances, the setting and staging, the interlocutors , and the complex intersection of time and place, of stories and History, will be examined; in these conversations with Miss Jane many actors participate, from  the interviewer-narrator, to most characters; even the reader becomes involved.Speaking, hearing, listening, keeping silent is an elaborate ritual that performs many functions; besides conveying news or rumors, it imparts information on the times and on the life of a “representative” woman whose existence - spanning a whole century- is both singular and emblematic. Most importantly this essay will analyse the resonance of an eventful and often dramatic era on her sensibility and conversely show how her evolving sensibility informs that history and draws attention to aspects that might have passed unnoticed or be forever silenced. Jane’s desire for liberty and justice is often challenged as she faces the possibilities of life or death.Conversations build up a complex, often contradictory, but compelling portrait: torn between silence and vehemence, between memories and the urge to meet the future, Jane summons body and mind to find her way through the maze of a fast changing world; self-willed and obstinate she claims her right to speak, to express with wit and wisdom her firm belief in the word, in the ability to express deep seated convictions and faith and a whole array of feelings and emotions.

  9. Frey's syndrome - unusually long delayed clinical onset post ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    cqq1a

    2010-04-07

    Apr 7, 2010 ... Frey's syndrome is a complication of parotidectomy that is thought to occur as a result of aberrant regeneration of the postganglionic parasympathetic nerve fibres supplying the parotid gland to severed ostganglionic sympathetic fibres which innervate the sweat glands of the face. Frey's syndrome is.

  10. Sajandi romaani üksildus / Aivar Kull

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kull, Aivar, 1955-

    2003-01-01

    Arvustus: García Márquez, Gabriel . Sada aastat üksildust : [romaan / tõlkinud Aita Kurfeldt]. 2. tr. Tallinn : Eesti Raamat, 2002. Vaata ka: Kull, Aivar. Kulli pilk. - Tartu : Ilmamaa, 2005, lk. 70-72

  11. Frey procedure combined with biliary diversion in chronic pancreatitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Merdrignac, Aude; Bergeat, Damien; Rayar, Michel; Harnoy, Yann; Turner, Kathleen; Courtin-Tanguy, Laetitia; Boudjema, Karim; Meunier, Bernard; Sulpice, Laurent

    2016-11-01

    The Frey procedure has become the standard operative treatment in chronic painful pancreatitis. Biliary diversion could be combined when associated with common bile duct obstruction. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the impact of the type of biliary diversion combined with the Frey procedure on late morbidity. The data from consecutive patients undergoing the Frey procedure and having a minimum follow-up of 2 years were extracted from a maintained prospective database. The mean endpoint was the rate of secondary biliary stricture after the Frey procedure combined with biliary diversion (bilioenteric anastomosis or common bile duct reinsertion in the resection cavity). Between 2006 and 2013, 55 consecutive patients underwent the Frey procedure. Twenty-nine patients had common bile duct obstruction (52.7%). The technique of biliary diversion resulted in bilioenteric anastomosis in 19 patients (65.5%) and common bile duct reinsertion in 10 patients (34.5%). Preoperative characteristics and early surgical outcomes were comparable. Pain control was similar. There was significantly more secondary biliary stricture after common bile duct reinsertion than after bilioenteric anastomosis (60% vs 11%, P = .008). Combined bilioenteric anastomosis during the Frey procedure is an efficient technique for treating common bile duct obstruction that complicates chronic painful pancreatitis. Bilioenteric anastomosis was associated with less secondary biliary stricture than common bile duct reinsertion in the pancreatic resection cavity. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. An historical ophthalmic study of Jane Austen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Graham A

    2012-11-01

    Today, no other classic novelist has the popularity or power of Jane Austen, and in 2013 the world will celebrate 200 years of her comic masterpiece Pride and Prejudice. Her millions of fans have an abiding fascination with all aspects of her life, including her health and the cause of her death. This historical ophthalmic study of Jane Austen, based on very incomplete medical bibliographic data, finds that she had a mild ocular surface disorder from age 23. This disorder did not significantly impact on her visual performance for writing. There are many references to eyes in her novels, but Jane's eyes and those of her characters cannot contribute further to the debate around the cause of her death at age 41.

  13. Rhetoric and Gender in Jane Austen's "Persuasion."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walzer, Arthur E.

    1995-01-01

    Argues for a reading of Jane Austen's "Persuasion" that undermines Joseph Duffy's reading of the novel as a commentary on shifting social class structures, and which bolsters Nancy Armstrong's reading as a commentary on female voice and the values of the domestic household. Interprets the novel in the light of 18th-century rhetorical…

  14. Stedelijkheid en diversiteit : Jane Jacobs in Roombeek

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Straatman, E.G.P. (Elly)

    2010-01-01

    Met de vertaling van The Death and Life of Great American Cities is in Nederland een kleine Jane Jacobs-revival ontstaan met lezingen, workshops, masterclasses en een essaybundel. Jacobs’ boek kwam in de VS uit in 1961. Het was een aanval op de toenmalige praktijk van stadsplanning. Wat maakt

  15. Was Jane Addams a Promiscuous Pragmatist?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atkinson, Becky

    2013-01-01

    Contemporary pragmatist and feminist scholars have proposed the possibilities for "changing the theoretical analyses and concrete practices" of both feminism and classical American pragmatism offered by its recuperation through feminism. Particularly, scholarship on Jane Addams has reached back to retrieve her activism, ethics, and…

  16. Response of Eyjafjallajökull, Torfajökull and Tindfjallajökull ice caps in Iceland to regional warming, deduced by remote sensing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jørgen Dall

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available We assess the volume change and mass balance of three ice caps in southern Iceland for two periods, 1979–1984 to 1998 and 1998 to 2004, by comparing digital elevation models (DEMs. The ice caps are Eyjafjallajökull (ca. 81 km2, Tindfjallajökull (ca. 15 km2 and Torfajökull (ca. 14 km2. The DEMs were compiled using aerial photographs from 1979 to 1984, airborne Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR images obtained in 1998 and two image pairs from the SPOT 5 satellite's high-resolution stereoscopic (HRS instrument acquired in 2004. The ice-free part of the accurate DEM from 1998 was used as a reference map for co-registration and correction of the vertical offset of the other DEMs. The average specific mass balance was estimated from the mean elevation difference between glaciated areas of the DEMs. The glacier mass balance declined significantly between the two periods: from −0.2 to 0.2 m yr−1 w. eq. during the earlier period (1980s through 1998 to −1.8 to −1.5 m yr−1 w. eq. for the more recent period (1998–2004. The declining mass balance is consistent with increased temperature over the two periods. The low mass balance and the small accumulation area ratio of Tindfjallajökull and Torfajökull indicate that they will disappear if the present-day climate continues. The future lowering rate of Eyjafjallajökull will, however, be influenced by the 2010 subglacial eruption in the Eyjafjallajökull volcano.

  17. Contra pürib sajandi rahvakirjanikuks / Aivar Kull

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kull, Aivar, 1955-

    2001-01-01

    Contra [Konnula, Margus]. Suusamütsi tutt : luulet aastatest 1974-2000. Urvaste ; Tartu : Mina Ise, 2001. Vaata ka: Kull, Aivar. Kulli pilk. - Tartu : Ilmamaa, 2005, lk. 184-185, pealkirjaga "Contra - uue sajandi rahvakirjanik?"

  18. Stedelijkheid en diversiteit: Jane Jacobs in Roombeek

    OpenAIRE

    Straatman, E.G.P. (Elly)

    2010-01-01

    Met de vertaling van The Death and Life of Great American Cities is in Nederland een kleine Jane Jacobs-revival ontstaan met lezingen, workshops, masterclasses en een essaybundel. Jacobs’ boek kwam in de VS uit in 1961. Het was een aanval op de toenmalige praktijk van stadsplanning. Wat maakt het boek anno 2010 nog actueel? Elly Straatman gaat in deze bijdrage in op Jacobs’ visie op vitale stadsbuurten en generatoren van stedelijkheid. Ze bekijkt hoe in de Enschedese wijk Roombeek...

  19. Jane Austen on love and pedagogical power.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fessenbecker, Patrick

    2011-01-01

    This essay notes initially recent prominence of theories of pedagogy that attempt to "de-mystify" it and reveal troubling power relations, and their subsequent contention that love is impossible in the student-teacher relationship. "Pedagogical" interpretations of Jane Austen's fiction, however, see pedagogy as essential to love. I argue that this is so precisely because of the power dynamics involved; drawing on Jessica Benjamin's psychoanalytic interpretation of G. W. F. Hegel's analysis of the "Lord-Bondsman," I suggest that Austen portrays the loving relationship as inherently involving the occupation and subsequent exchange of roles as superior and inferior, incarnated as "teacher" and "student."

  20. Father Figures in the Novels of Jane Austen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Odeh, Adli

    2011-01-01

    Miniaturist as Jane Austen is, she has depicted the life of a few families. In her letter to her niece, Anna Austen, she writes: "three or four families in a country village is the very thing to work on"(Chapman's Edition, 1970, P.10). Jane's knowledge about these families is, in no way shallow. It is rich in variation and contrasts.…

  1. Sapromyza lopesi sp. n. from Brazil: a species related to S. duodecimvittata (Frey, 1919 (Diptera: Lauxaniidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. E. Shewell

    1989-01-01

    Full Text Available A new species, Sapromyza lopesi, is described from Brazil, and compared with its closest relative, S. duodecimvittata (Frey. Some remarks are made on the generic classification of South American Lauxaniidae as it affects these and other species.

  2. The History of Miss Jane Pittman

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christopher Mulvey

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores the ways in which Ernest J. Gaines uses fiction in The Autobiography of Miss Jane Pittman to write a history of the African American from 1861 to 1961. The “Introduction” sets the novel going, but its direction has already been given in the unusual dedication to his grandmother, stepfather and aunt “who did not walk a day in her life but who taught me the importance of standing” (Gaines iv. The significance for Gaines is that what happened a hundred years ago is part of his present-day lived life.The nineteenth-century novel was possessed by history, and white nineteenth-century novelists found their great subject in the war of European nations that was fought between 1799 and 1815. But that was not an American war nor was it an African American war. For Gaines, the war that makes the great turning point of a nation and a people is the American Civil War, fought from 1861 to 1865. It resulted in a moment of history after which life would not be the same. However, one of the main points that Gaines makes about that great turning point in history is that everything changed and nothing changed. And his main fictional device to establish that truth is to tell the history of the hundred years since Emancipation as the story of one woman. Her autobiography becomes an ethno-biography.The continuity forwards from 1861 is given through the life of one woman, but Gaines’s uses another device to provide a continuity backwards from 1861. The young man who wants to get Miss Jane Pittman’s story upsets her with his persistence: “What you want know about Miss Jane for?’ Mary said. ‘I teach history,’ I said. ‘I’m sure her life’s story can help me explain things to my students.’ ‘What’s wrong with them books you already got?’ Mary said. ‘Miss Jane is not in them,’ I said” (Gaines v. Ernest J. Gaines wrote at a time when historians finally began to recognize that they could get no true history of the

  3. Kirjakogumik ulatub üle eurolaineharja / Aivar Kull

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kull, Aivar, 1955-

    2003-01-01

    Kaplinski, Jaan ; Salminen, Johannes. Ööd valged ja mustad : kirjavahetus aastast 1001 / soome ja rootsi keelest tõlkinud Aino Laagus ja Mari Allik. Tallinn : Perioodika, 2003. Vaata ka: Kull, Aivar. Kulli pilk. - Tartu : Ilmamaa, 2005, lk. 73-75, pealkirjaga "Kaks meest Soome silda ehitamas"

  4. Jane Austen: tra brand e desiderio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Donata Meneghelli

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Che Jane Austen, dopo essere giunta a una incontrastata canonizzazione nel pantheon della letteratura occidentale, abbia recentemente intrapreso una   trionfante ascesa nell’ambito della cultura popolare è ormai “una verità universalmente riconosciuta”.   Il saggio analizza i modi, le forme, i supporti e i canali attraverso cui Jane Austen e i suoi testi narrativi (con particolare riferimento a Pride and Prejudice sono usciti dal cerchio tutto sommato ristretto dell’accademia, dei curricola universitari e dei lettori di professione, per entrare in uno spazio che è quello di YouTube, delle fan communities, della musica pop, dei blog, del romanzo rosa o dell’horror; i percorsi grazie ai quali sono diventati parte delle mitologie popolari del XXI secolo e al tempo stesso un brand di successo intorno al quale ruota una fitta rete di interessi economici (industria cinematografica e televisiva, turismo, editoria…, capace di catalizzare (e sfruttare desideri, proiezioni, aspettative di nuove tipologie di lettori; le inedite modalità di ricezione che caratterizzano questo fenomeno, e soprattutto la fan fiction, situata al punto di convergenza o di frizione tra diversi media (letteratura, cinema, televisione, web e media digitali in genere, tra produttori e consumatori, tra lettura e scrittura, tra strategie commerciali delle corporation e autarchia dei fan, tra “alto” e “basso”. Si tratta di un insieme di trasformazioni che scuote alle fondamenta le nostre consuetudini e le nostre credenze in quanto studiosi di letteratura: da una parte, emerge una nuova configurazione della testualità, euforica, rizomatica, molteplice, che si fa beffe di qualunque metafisica dell’originale e realizza in modo perverso alcune celebri utopie critiche; dall’altra, il caso Austen porta alla luce in maniera emblematica le contraddizioni latenti in qualunque processo di democratizzazione della cultura.

  5. Frey procedure for chronic pancreatitis in children: A single center experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ray, Sukanta; Sanyal, Sumit; Ghatak, Supriyo; Khamrui, Sujan; Biswas, Jayanta; Saha, Suman; Mandal, Tuhin Subhra; Chattopadhyay, Gautam

    2015-11-01

    There is paucity of literature regarding the Frey procedure for children with chronic pancreatitis. The purpose of this study is to present our experience with the Frey procedure in children. This is an observational retrospective review study. All children, who underwent a Frey procedure between August 2007 and May 2014 in the Department of Surgical Gastroenterology, Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Kolkata, India were included in this study. Twenty four children were included in our study. There were 13 girls and 11 boys. Mean age at operation was 13.95years (range, 4 to 18years). Mean duration between the diagnosis of chronic pancreatitis and surgery was 4.41years (range, 1 to 14years). Frey procedure was performed after failure of medical or endoscopic therapy. Mean duration of operation and blood loss were 215minutes (range, 150-300minutes) and 177ml (range, 50 to 500ml) respectively. Average postoperative hospital stay was 8days (range, 5 to 16days). Five patients (21%) developed postoperative complications. There was no in hospital mortality and no patient required reoperation for postoperative complications. More than a median follow-up of 29months (range, 3-78months), 91% of the patients remained pain free. Frey procedure is safe and feasible in children with acceptable perioperative complications and good short-term pain control. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. Jane Austen in the High School Classroom (Open to Suggestion).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fritzer, Penelope

    1996-01-01

    Argues that Jane Austen's novels lend themselves to the high school curriculum, and that students will discover a leisurely, rural world in which the concerns of the young people are often similar to theirs. (SR)

  7. Review of Barbara K. Seeber, Jane Austen and Animals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucinda Cole

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available In this review of Barbara K. Seeber's Jane Austen and Animals (Ashgate, 2013 Lucinda Cole summarizes this foundational book and emphasizes the role of animal studies scholars in linking feminism and environmental issues.

  8. Jane Eyre, Past and Present Jane Eyre, d’hier à aujourd’hui

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Armelle Parey

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available The present collection of articles along with a few additional contributions contains the proceedings of a conference held at the university of Caen Basse-Normandie, France in May 2004. Entitled “Jane Eyre, Past and Present”, its aim was to study the posterity of Charlotte Brontë’s novel and/or character since its publication in 1847. That two-thirds of the texts studied in this volume were published in the last decade of the twentieth century attests to the fact that rewriting has become a m...

  9. The Anonymous Jane Austen: Duelling Canons

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    Edward Copeland

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available This essay initially addresses some theoretical concepts such as adaptation and appropriation. I intend to analyze how Jane Austen herself indulged in her own appropriations from the woman’s canon, in particular through a story entitled Guilt Pursued by Conscience, a tale she found in the “Lady’s Magazine” of 1802. I will show that this tale that claimed Austen’s particular attention was re-appropriated in Emma (although in the broadest sense of parody and, to a lesser extent, in Sense and Sensibility. The second part of the essay, instead, will move on to analyze how novelists of the generation that followed Austen felt free to import dialogue, characters, and plots from Austen’s works, showing no obligation to their source, just as she had done with the “Lady’s” tale. I will mention and comment on a series of novels, especially from the silver fork school, that draw from Austen’s plot, characters and happenings without acknowledging their legacy to their predecessor.

  10. Jane: a new tool for the cophylogeny reconstruction problem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ovadia Yaniv

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background This paper describes the theory and implementation of a new software tool, called Jane, for the study of historical associations. This problem arises in parasitology (associations of hosts and parasites, molecular systematics (associations of orderings and genes, and biogeography (associations of regions and orderings. The underlying problem is that of reconciling pairs of trees subject to biologically plausible events and costs associated with these events. Existing software tools for this problem have strengths and limitations, and the new Jane tool described here provides functionality that complements existing tools. Results The Jane software tool uses a polynomial time dynamic programming algorithm in conjunction with a genetic algorithm to find very good, and often optimal, solutions even for relatively large pairs of trees. The tool allows the user to provide rich timing information on both the host and parasite trees. In addition the user can limit host switch distance and specify multiple host switch costs by specifying regions in the host tree and costs for host switches between pairs of regions. Jane also provides a graphical user interface that allows the user to interactively experiment with modifications to the solutions found by the program. Conclusions Jane is shown to be a useful tool for cophylogenetic reconstruction. Its functionality complements existing tools and it is therefore likely to be of use to researchers in the areas of parasitology, molecular systematics, and biogeography.

  11. Jane: a new tool for the cophylogeny reconstruction problem.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Conow, Chris; Fielder, Daniel; Ovadia, Yaniv; Libeskind-Hadas, Ran

    2010-02-03

    This paper describes the theory and implementation of a new software tool, called Jane, for the study of historical associations. This problem arises in parasitology (associations of hosts and parasites), molecular systematics (associations of orderings and genes), and biogeography (associations of regions and orderings). The underlying problem is that of reconciling pairs of trees subject to biologically plausible events and costs associated with these events. Existing software tools for this problem have strengths and limitations, and the new Jane tool described here provides functionality that complements existing tools. The Jane software tool uses a polynomial time dynamic programming algorithm in conjunction with a genetic algorithm to find very good, and often optimal, solutions even for relatively large pairs of trees. The tool allows the user to provide rich timing information on both the host and parasite trees. In addition the user can limit host switch distance and specify multiple host switch costs by specifying regions in the host tree and costs for host switches between pairs of regions. Jane also provides a graphical user interface that allows the user to interactively experiment with modifications to the solutions found by the program. Jane is shown to be a useful tool for cophylogenetic reconstruction. Its functionality complements existing tools and it is therefore likely to be of use to researchers in the areas of parasitology, molecular systematics, and biogeography.

  12. Jane Austen and Addison's disease: an unconvincing diagnosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, K G

    2009-12-01

    Jane Austen's letters describe a two-year deterioration into bed-ridden exhaustion, with unusual colouring, bilious attacks and rheumatic pains. In 1964, Zachary Cope postulated tubercular Addison's to explain her symptoms and her relatively pain-free illness. Literary scholars later countered this posthumous diagnosis on grounds that are not well substantiated, while medical authors supported his conclusion. Important symptoms reported by contemporary Addison's patients-mental confusion, generalised pain and suffering, weight loss and anorexia-are absent from Jane Austen's letters. Thus, by listening to the patient's perspective, we can conclude it is unlikely that Addison's disease caused Jane Austen's demise. Disseminated bovine tuberculosis would offer a coherent explanation for her symptoms, so that Cope's original suggestion of infective tuberculosis as the cause of her illness may have been correct.

  13. Exploring resident-empowered meetingplaces in Dutch neighbourhoods : by Jane Jacobs Walking Action-research methodology

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sanders, F.C.

    2016-01-01

    The ‘Jane Jacobs Walk’ organization as one of the Jane Jacobs (1916-2006) heritage initiative supported three Jane Jacobs Walks of certified Fred Sanders in the period 2011 - 2014 in Amsterdam neighbourhoods. These walks helped residents to explore resident-empowered meeting-places and activities in

  14. Jane Eyre fait de la résistance

    OpenAIRE

    Bazin, Claire

    2015-01-01

    “Speak I must; I had been trodden on severely and must turn”. It is with these unspoken but no less eloquent words that Jane starts attacking her baffled aunt, who is not used to being addressed in this way by one who is usually obedient and silent. The scene, which follows the incarceration in the red room and Brocklehurst’s visit, can be read as a "Vindication of the rights of Jane” and also as both a metamorphosis and a reversal: Jane is out of herself and rebels against the enemy who grad...

  15. Single center experience in selecting the laparoscopic Frey procedure for chronic pancreatitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tan, Chun-Lu; Zhang, Hao; Li, Ke-Zhou

    2015-11-28

    To share our experience regarding the laparoscopic Frey procedure for chronic pancreatitis (CP) and patient selection. All consecutive patients undergoing duodenum-preserving pancreatic head resection from July 2013 to July 2014 were reviewed and those undergoing the Frey procedure for CP were included in this study. Data on age, gender, body mass index (BMI), American Society of Anesthesiologists score, imaging findings, inflammatory index (white blood cells, interleukin (IL)-6, and C-reaction protein), visual analogue score score during hospitalization and outpatient visit, history of CP, operative time, estimated blood loss, and postoperative data (postoperative mortality and morbidity, postoperative length of hospital stay) were obtained for patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery. The open surgery cases in this study were analyzed for risk factors related to extensive bleeding, which was the major reason for conversion during the laparoscopic procedure. Age, gender, etiology, imaging findings, amylase level, complications due to pancreatitis, functional insufficiency, and history of CP were assessed in these patients. Nine laparoscopic and 37 open Frey procedures were analyzed. Of the 46 patients, 39 were male (85%) and seven were female (16%). The etiology of CP was alcohol in 32 patients (70%) and idiopathic in 14 patients (30%). Stones were found in 38 patients (83%). An inflammatory mass was found in five patients (11%). The time from diagnosis of CP to the Frey procedure was 39 ± 19 (9-85) mo. The BMI of patients in the laparoscopic group was 20.4 ± 1.7 (17.8-22.4) kg/m(2) and was 20.6 ± 2.9 (15.4-27.7) kg/m(2) in the open group. All patients required analgesic medication for abdominal pain. Frequent acute pancreatitis or severe abdominal pain due to acute exacerbation occurred in 20 patients (43%). Pre-operative complications due to pancreatitis were observed in 18 patients (39%). Pancreatic functional insufficiency was observed in 14 patients (30

  16. Interjections in the Performance of Jane Austen's "Pride and Prejudice"

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Connell, Daniel C.; Kowal, Sabine

    2010-01-01

    Three data sets of primary and secondary interjections were compared: (1) the original interjections written into the text of Jane Austen's (1813/1994) novel "Pride and prejudice"; (2) the interjections read aloud in commercial recordings by six professional readers of the entire text of the novel; (3) the interjections spoken by actresses and…

  17. Searching for Bill and Jane: Electronic Full-Text Literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Still, Julie; Kassabian, Vibiana

    1998-01-01

    Examines electronic full-text literature available on the World Wide Web and on CD-ROM. Discusses authors and genres, electronic texts, and fees. Highlights Shakespeare, Jane Austen, and nature writing. Provides a bibliography of Web guides, specialized Shakespeare pages, and pages dealing with the Shakespeare authorship debate and secondary…

  18. Induced Recall of Jane Austen's Novels: Films, Television, Videos.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diaz de Chumaceiro, Cora L.

    2000-01-01

    Notes that the popularity of Jane Austen adaptations in theaters, television, and videos increases the probability that patients and therapists may recall these movies in treatment. Underscores excerpts from a comparison of an Austen novel with the psychoanalytic process and highlights available film adaptations in video format. (SC)

  19. Women Consciousness Exploration in Jane Austen and Her Works

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Xiaojun; Liao, Lina

    2015-01-01

    Jane Austen is one of the greatest realistic novelists in English literature of the 19th century. Austen is contrary to consciousness of man centrism and traditional values of masculine writers before her time. All her 6 novels are concerned with love and marriage; they truthfully reflect women life of her age, reveals her feminine consciousness…

  20. Jane Austen ja viktoriaanluse come back / Mihkel Mutt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mutt, Mihkel, 1953-

    1996-01-01

    Jane Austeni teoste jätkuvalt kasvavast populaarsusest, raamatute põhjal lavastatud filmidest, viktoriaanlusest ja muust - inspireerituna filmist "Neli pulma ja üks matus" ("Four Weddings and a Funeral", rež̓issöör Mike Newell, Suurbritannia 1994)

  1. "Socializing Democracy": The Community Literacy Pedagogy of Jane Addams

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wendler, Rachael

    2014-01-01

    This article reclaims Jane Addams as a community literacy pedagogue and explicates her pedagogical theory through an analysis of her social thought. Addams' goal of "socializing democracy" through education led her to both encourage immigrant students to associate across difference and to assimilate into dominant literacies--tensions…

  2. Jane Marcet and Harriet Martineau: Pioneers of Economics Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shackleton, J. R.

    1990-01-01

    Presents the lives and careers of Jane Marcet and Harriet Martineau and their contributions to the dissemination and popularization of political economics in early nineteenth-century education. Places their ideas about laissez-faire capitalism in historical context. Stresses the significance of their role as female writers and educators. (CH)

  3. Jane Fonda: Repercussions of Her 1972 Visit to North Vietnam

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    prisoner said, “we almost went fucking crazy.” 45 She referred to the pilots as “American imperialist air raiders”. 46 The guards broadcast a...taped recording of Fonda singing with a group of women; the song was called “ Fuck the Army”. 47 The much-publicized meeting of Jane Fonda

  4. Concrete Security for Entity Recognition: The Jane Doe Protocol

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lucks, Stefan; Zenner, Erik; Weimerskirch, Andre

    2008-01-01

    Entity recognition does not ask whether the message is from some entity X, just whether a message is from the same entity as a previous message. This turns turns out to be very useful for low-end devices. The current paper proposes a new protocol – the “Jane Doe Protocol” –, and provides a formal...

  5. Botulinum toxin for treatment of Frey's syndrome: report of two cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teive Hélio A.G.

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Frey's syndrome is a phenomenon of hemifacial flushing and sweating after gustatory stimulus, usually secondary to surgical trauma over the parotid gland, although other injury mechanisms may be seen. It is accepted as a result of aberrant regeneration of facial autonomic nerve fibers. Treatment evolved from ineffective medical and surgical approaches to botulinum toxin. We evaluate the effectiveness and safety of botulinum toxin in the treatment of this complication in two patients.

  6. Surgical treatment of chronic pancreatitis using Frey's procedure: a Brazilian 16-year single-centre experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gestic, Martinho Antonio; Callejas-Neto, Francisco; Chaim, Elinton Adami; Utrini, Murillo Pimentel; Cazzo, Everton; Pareja, Jose Carlos

    2011-04-01

    Surgical treatment of chronic pancreatitis is indicated for intractable pain. Frey's procedure is an accepted treatment for this disease. The aim of the present study was to describe a single-centre experience in the treatment of chronic pancreatitis using Frey's procedure. A retrospective analysis of 73 patients who underwent a Frey's procedure between 1991 to 2007 and had at least 1 year of follow-up. Demographics, indication for surgery, peri-operative complications and late outcomes were analysed. The median age was 39.9 years. Seventy out of the 73 (95.8%) patients were male. The median pre-operative body mass index (BMI) was 19.1 kg/m(2). All patients had abdominal pain, 34 (46.6%) of them daily and 13 (17.8%) weekly, with moderate or severe intensity in 98.6% (n= 72). The aetiology was secondary to alcohol in 70 patients (95.9%), with a median consumption of 278 g per day. The surgical morbidity rate was 28.7%; there were no deaths. Median post-operative follow-up was 77.0 months; 64 patients (91.4%) had complete pain relief and post-operative BMI was 22.4 kg/m(2) (P<0.001). All patients with pre-operative endocrine and exocrine insufficiencies showed no reversal of the situation. New onset insufficiencies appeared late. Frey's procedure was a safe and effective therapeutic option for the surgical treatment of patients with intractable pain caused by chronic pancreatitis. © 2011 International Hepato-Pancreato-Biliary Association.

  7. Treatment of postparotidectomy Frey syndrome with the interposition of temporalis fascia and sternocleidomastoid flaps.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dai, Xiao-Ming; Liu, Hua; He, Jia; Tu, Min-Song; Yu, Li-Fu; Liu, Liu

    2015-05-01

    This study was performed to evaluate the effectiveness of overlapping the temporalis fascia flaps (TFFs) and the sternocleidomastoid muscle flaps (SCMFs) as physical barriers to treat established Frey syndrome and concavity after parotidectomy. We retrospectively reviewed 17 patients who underwent corrective procedures with simultaneous TFF and SCMF interposition for the treatment of Frey syndrome. The affected areas of the cheek skin were identified with starch-iodine tests. The facial contours of the patients were classified as bilaterally symmetric (BS), with a slightly shallow (SS) contour on the surgical side, or with a conspicuously shallow (CS) contour on the surgical side. The sample was followed up for a mean of 22 months. The average area of gustatory-sweating positive skin was reduced from 12.80 to 1.32 square centimeters postoperatively. The facial asymmetry secondary to parotidectomy was greatly improved. The authors concluded that this technique was efficacious in ameliorating Frey syndrome and facial concavity secondary to parotidectomy. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Botulinum toxin therapy in Frey's syndrome: a retrospective study of 440 treatments in 100 patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jansen, S; Jerowski, M; Ludwig, L; Fischer-Krall, E; Beutner, D; Grosheva, M

    2017-04-01

    Frey's syndrome is characterised as sweating, redness and warmth of the parotideal area and is often treated with botulinum toxin A. The objective of this retrospective study was to prove whether the toxin dosage and time-to-treatment intervals change after repeated botulinum toxin injections. The charts of patients, who were treated for Frey's syndrome during the last 16 years, were assessed. Three brands of botulinum toxin A were available for therapy. The Minor test was used to confirm the sweating before each treatment and to determine the toxin dosage. Constant amount of botulinum toxin was injected per cm 2 of the affected area. Patients consulted our department for the next treatment as soon as they felt disturbed by recurring sweating and when the sweating was objectively evident in the Minor test. Time intervals between treatments and injected toxin dosages were assessed. In total, 100 patients received 440 treatments in 16 years. Repeated injections, median 4.0, were carried out in 70.5% of patients. Median time interval to the first injection was 2.8 years. Median time interval between treatments was 12.0 months and showed to be steady (anova, P = .49, F = 1.01). Duration of effect of botulinum toxin on Frey's syndrome was long-lasting and stable with no significantly different time intervals between treatments. The extent of the sweating area did not vary significantly after repeated treatments and required a constant dose of botulinum toxin A. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  9. Living with diversity in Jane-Finch

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Donya Ahmadi

    2017-11-01

    seeks to add to our understanding of urban diversity, as perceived and experienced by those who inhabit, frequent and govern urban areas. It answers the following primary research question: How is diversity experienced at the neighbourhood level, as (a discourse, (b social reality, and (c practice? Diversity as discourse refers to the public narratives around diversity, while diversity as social reality concerns the descriptive characteristics that render an area diverse. Diversity as practice refers to policies, programs and local practices that aim towards managing diversity (see also Berg and Sigona, 2013. The research question is investigated in four interconnected chapters, which engage with the three formerly mentioned dimensions to various degrees. The study further makes use of a variety of qualitative and participatory techniques (i.e. qualitative interviews, roundtable talks, participant observations, and focus groups to gather rigorous empirical data on living with and managing diversity in an inner-suburban neighbourhood of Toronto, namely Jane-Finch.

  10. Absurd ja lootus Albert Camus' lühiproosas / Aivar Kull

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kull, Aivar, 1955-

    2004-01-01

    Arvustus: Camus, Albert. Pagendus ja kuningriik : kogutud lühiproosa / prantsuse keelest tõlkinud Triinu Tamm, Krista Vogelberg, Tanel Lepsoo, Henno Rajandi. Tallinn : Varrak, 2004. Vaata ka: Kull, Aivar. Kulli pilk. - Tartu : Ilmamaa, 2005, lk. 78-79

  11. Viljakaim kirjanik sai endaväärilise eluloo / Aivar Kull

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kull, Aivar, 1955-

    2004-01-01

    Arvustus: Kruus, Oskar. Bernard Kangro : elukäik ja looming : [1910-1994]. Tallinn : Eesti Raamat, 2003. Vaata ka: Kull, Aivar. Kulli pilk. - Tartu : Ilmamaa, 2005, lk. 425-427, pealkirjaga "Bernard Kangro on saanud oma eluloo"

  12. Kuidas Alfred Adler läks tülli Sigmund Freudiga / Aivar Kull

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kull, Aivar, 1955-

    1996-01-01

    Arvustus: Adler, Alfred. Inimesetundmine : Inimeste iseloomude peategurid ja nende areng / Tlk. Debora Hint. 2.tr. Tln. : Kupar, 1995. Vaata ka: Kull, Aivar. Kulli pilk. - Tartu : Ilmamaa, 2005, lk. 97-100

  13. Geniaalne näidend ja selle suhkurdatud proosatöötlus / Aivar Kull

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kull, Aivar, 1955-

    1995-01-01

    Arvustus: Maeterlinck, Maurice. Sinilind / Näidendist ümber töötanud Georgette Leblanc Maeterlinck ; Prantsuse keelest tlk. A. Pärn. Tln.: Kuldsulg, 1994. Vaata ka: Kull, Aivar. Kulli pilk. - Tartu : Ilmamaa, 2005

  14. Frey's pancreaticojejunostomy in tropical pancreatitis: assessment of quality of life. A prospective study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pothula Rajendra, Vamsi Krishna; Sivanpillay Mahadevan, Sivaraj; Parvathareddy, Sivacharan Reddy; Nara, Bharat Kumar; Gorlagunta Ramachandra, Mallikarjuna; Tripuraneni Venkata, Aditya Chowdary; Bathalapalli, Jagan Mohan Reddy; Gudi, Vara Prasada Rao; Sampath, Thirunavukkarasu

    2014-12-01

    Tropical pancreatitis is a form of chronic pancreatitis originally described in the tropics. Prospective studies in Western countries have shown improved quality of life (QOL) following surgery in alcoholic chronic pancreatitis. In studies on Frey's pancreaticojejunostomy for tropical pancreatitis, improvement in pain was considered the endpoint, and there is a paucity of data in the literature with regard to QOL with tropical pancreatitis following surgery. Our objective was to prospectively analyze the outcome of Frey's pancreaticojejunostomy in tropical pancreatitis and health-related QOL following surgery by administering the Short Form 36-item health survey (SF-36). A total of 25 patients underwent Frey's pancreaticojejunostomy between 2010 and 2012 and were included in the study; data were collected prospectively. The visual analog scale (VAS) for pain and the SF-36 form were used to record health-related QOL preoperatively, and at 3 and 12 months post-surgery, comparing the same with the general population. Patients with tropical pancreatitis experience poor QOL (26.71 ± 15.95) compared with the general population (84.54 ± 12.42). Post-operative QOL scores (78.54 ± 15.84) were better than the pre-operative scores (26.71 ± 15.95) at 12-month post-surgery follow-up. The VAS score for pain improved at 12 months post-surgery (1.58 ± 1.41 vs. 8.21 ± 1.64). Two of the three patients (12.5 %) who had diabetes were free from anti-diabetes medication at 12 months post-surgery. Steatorrhea was seen in five patients (20.8 %) before surgery and increased to eight (33.3 %) at 12 months post-surgery. Mean body weight increased from 45.75 kg pre-operatively to 49.25 kg at 12 months post-operatively. Frey's pancreaticojejunostomy effectively reduces pain in tropical pancreatitis, with significant improvement in health-related QOL, which is comparable with the general population in most aspects.

  15. Opening the Frey/Osborne Black Box: Which Tasks of a Job are Susceptible to Computerization?

    OpenAIRE

    Brandes, Philipp; Wattenhofer, Roger

    2016-01-01

    In their seminal paper, Frey and Osborne quantified the automation of jobs, by assigning each job in the O*NET database a probability to be automated. In this paper, we refine their results in the following way: Every O*NET job consists of a set of tasks, and these tasks can be related. We use a linear program to assign probabilities to tasks, such that related tasks have a similar probability and the tasks can explain the computerization probability of a job. Analyzing jobs on the level of t...

  16. The Manifestations of Military Gender Role Issue on Ridley Scott's G. I. Jane Movie

    OpenAIRE

    PUTRA, ABEDNEGO ANGGA JURIAN

    2015-01-01

    Keywords: gender discrimination, women in military, feminism, G.I. Jane movie. Gender discrimination threats the equality of women's role. One of the causes of gender discrimination is patriarchal system in society. A movie entitled G.I. Jane reveals some causes and manifestations of gender discrimination in military.This research applies Feminism approach to analyze a movie entitled G.I. Jane. This study also applies the concept of gender role, women in military, and film studies.The result ...

  17. Prevalência da Síndrome de Frey após parotidectomia parcial Frey syndrome prevalence after partial parotidectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Regiane Cristina Santos

    2006-02-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: síndrome de Frey é uma seqüela observada após parotidectomia com incidência que varia muito na literatura. O diagnóstico é avaliado pela presença da tríade clássica - sudorese, calor e hiperemia na face, durante a alimentação - e documentado pelo teste com amido e iodo de Minor. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a incidência desta síndrome nos pacientes submetidos à parotidectomia parcial, no Centro de Otorrinolaringologia de Limeira, no período de 1994-2004 e correlacioná-la com os achados clínicos e com a técnica cirúrgica utilizada. MATERIAL E MÉTODO: Quatorze pacientes foram submetidos à parotidectomia parcial com rotação de retalho pediculado do músculo esternocleidomastóideo e responderam a questionário e a seguir foi realizado o teste do iodo, classificando-se os pacientes em positivos e negativos para o teste em um estudo clínico retrospectivo. RESULTADO: Nesta casuística, observamos que 21% dos pacientes após parotidectomia parcial apresentaram positividade para o teste, sendo os mesmos pacientes que apresentaram queixas clínicas ao responderem o questionário. CONCLUSÃO: Somente os pacientes que apresentaram sintomatologia clínica tiveram positividade no teste do iodo, e a técnica cirúrgica empregada foi eficiente no tratamento da patologia da glândula, pois apresentou baixa incidência de acordo com a literatura pesquisada.INTRODUCTION: Frey syndrome is a sequela observed after parotidectomy and the reported incidence varies enormously in the literature. Diagnosis is evaluated by presence of the classic triad of gustatory sweating, heating and flushing while feeding and documented by Minor starch-iodine test. AIM: to evaluate the incidence of this syndrome in patients submitted to partial parotidectomy at Centro Otorrinolaringológico de Limeira, from 1994 to 2004, including presence of signs and symptoms and the surgical technique. MATERIAL AND METHOD: fourteen patients undergoing partial

  18. Clumsy City by Design : A Theory for Jane Jacobs’ Imperfect Cities?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schmitt, Sarah-Maria; Hartmann, T.|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/343441349

    2016-01-01

    How do different concepts of justice correspond with the principles of diversity in cities introduced by Jane Jacobs? This contribution connects Jane Jacobs’ ideas on the diverse city with Mary Douglas’ Cultural Theory and its concept of clumsy solutions. According to Douglas’ Cultural Theory, every

  19. "A transcript of actual life": headache in the novels of Jane Austen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larner, Andrew J

    2010-04-01

    References to headache in the novels of Jane Austen have been examined. Nine characters, all female, suffer headache at one time or another, often in association with emotionally stressful situations. As an authorial device, headache may have served Jane Austen as a culturally sanctioned form of bodily expression.

  20. Jane Austen's (1775-1817) references to headache: fact and fiction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larner, A J

    2010-11-01

    References to headache in Jane Austen's works, both fictional and non-fictional, and in biographical works undertaken by Austen family members have been collated. These multiple references suggest that Jane Austen used headache as a narrative device to reflect not only physiological bodily processes but also psychological states, possibly based on her own experience of headache and that of female relations and acquaintances.

  1. Recreating Jane: “Austenland” and the Regency Theme Park

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maddalena Pennacchia

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available In the maze of Austen’s ever-expanding textuality – with its prequels, sequels, rewritings and adaptations – it may be worth paying attention to an unpretentious little book by Shannon Hale titled Austenland (2007. The story is about the adventures of a New Yorker thirty-something with a name that says it all: Jane. Being obsessed with Mr Darcy as played by Colin Firth, she decides to be healed by her excessive Austenian fantasies (or rather to indulge in them for the last time by spending all her savings on a English Regency Theme park that promises to offer Janeites a real full immersive Austen experience. What interests me in this post-Austenian story is the embedded discourse of leisure and tourism in the age of participatory culture, when an everywoman like Jane brings to the fore the need to be more involved in re-creative activities that are triggered by reading Austen’s novels.

  2. Ambivalence and Ambiguity in The Autobiography of Miss Jane Pittman

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monica Michlin

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available This close reading of the text highlights how Miss Jane, in her double role as protagonist and narrator, shows considerable ambivalence towards friend and foe alike, with the result that the apparently transparent ideological meaning of entire episodes is blurred by what some critics have merely put down to “conservatism.” I examine Miss Jane’s almost constant suppression of emotion, and frequent displays of ambivalence towards other black people; her ambiguous relationship to oppressive, but familiar whites like Albert Cluveau or Robert Samson; and her conflicted relation to black heroes and heroics. Is the leading character a variation on the “mammy” who has internalized racist figures of speech, and uses contradictory images that undermine black heroics and validate white oppression? Or is Gaines’s point to undo the “retrick” of heroics and of alienation alike, and, against of backdrop of constant, ordinary destruction of black lives, to cast the adult Miss Jane as a Brer Rabbit-like figure, for whom survival and resistance are both dialectically connected and opposed? Is there a contradiction between her “progress” towards resistance shown in the last section, and her metadiscursive comments in the present, and does her literally walking out of her own story give a conclusive meaning to her narrative, or does it point to the author’s not having been able to resolve the ambivalence and ambiguities within the text?

  3. Jane Doe: a cautionary tale for case reports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Putnam, Frank W

    2014-12-01

    Historically, clinical case reports have played an essential role in the professional communication of medical and psychiatric knowledge. Case reports continue to play important roles in the initial identification of new syndromes or unusual variants of established conditions. Case reports and case series also serve to alert clinicians to preliminary evidence of the efficacy of novel treatments or adaptations to new populations. The Jane Doe Case provides a seminal example of the ethical/medico-legal dilemma arising from a patient's right to confidentiality versus the principle of independent review/replication as a necessary requirement for scientific credibility. As a result of being the subject of dueling case reports concerning the validity of her delayed recall of childhood sexual abuse, Jane Doe's identity was revealed. Consequently, she suffered significant emotional distress, bankruptcy, and the end of her career as a naval officer and aviator. Current medical journal guidelines call for protection of confidentiality of the patient's identity; yet, scientific credibility requires the possibility of an independent outside review if there are legitimate reasons to question facts or claims advanced in a case report. A potential solution is proposed as a starting point for resolving the dilemma posed for case study subjects and authors by the conflicting requirements of patient confidentiality and, if warranted, the possibility of an independent scientific review. © The Author(s) 2014.

  4. Translation Collective and Illustration: aesthetic film creation from Jane Austen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lemuel da Cruz Gandara

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-7917.2015v20n2p67 From metonymic clippings of the novels Sense and Sensibility (1811, Pride and Prejudice (1813, Emma (1815 and Persuasion (1817, all written by the English author Jane Austen (1775-1817, we propose a comparative analysis among the literary texts, the illustrations by Hugh Thomson at the end of the nineteenth century and the film footage created between 1995 and 2005. Our goal is to confront tickets to find similarities and differences dialogic between them. This perspective reveals the interpretations made by many readers over the years and the receptions of the English writer in different contexts and media. Our critical and theoretical reflection is based on studies of the Russian philosopher Mikhail Bakhtin about the aesthetics of literary creation and amplifies the concepts of literary cinema, collective translation and aesthetics of film creation.

  5. Glacio-meteorological investigations on Vatnajökull, Iceland, summer 1996: an overview

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oerlemans, J.; Björnsson, H.; Kuhn, M.; Obleitner, F.; Palsson, F.; Smeets, C.J.P.P.; Vugts, H.F.; Wolde, J. de

    1999-01-01

    We give an overview of a glacio-meteorological experiment carried out in the summer (melt season) of 1996 on the largest European ice cap, Vatnajökull, Iceland (area 8000 km2; altitude range: from sea level to about 2000 m). The main goal was to understand how the energy used in the melting of snow

  6. Screening Jane. When History, Biography and Fiction create a Cinematic Life.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberta Grandi

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes the interesting technique of adaptation of the film Becoming Jane, a biopic on the life of Jane Austen, released in 2007. Loosely based on Jon Spence's biography Becoming Jane Austen, the film faces the problem of the scarcity of information on Jane Austen's life through a technique that, if not original nor always satisfying, is nevertheless worth being studied. By recurring to the character descriptions and the anecdotes narrated in the novels, the film (and Spence's book too "fills in the blanks" in Austen's life by adding touches of romance with questionable historical accuracy and fictionalizes the writer's biography in order to adapt it to the stereotype of modern romantic film heroines.

  7. The Austenisation of Sensibility & the Darcyfication of Jane Austen: A Reflection.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kirpal Singh

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Review essay examining Jane Austen's place in literary history, and her attitudes to deeply felt emotion, unpleasant aspects of contemporary life, and sexuality. (Non-refereed article

  8. Channeling Jane Austen: how it helped me become a better psychotherapist.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carver, Christi R

    2014-08-01

    The influences on a therapist are many. This article illustrates how a 19th-century novelist, Jane Austen, informs the work of a nurse therapist in the 21st century. The characters in a Jane Austen novel provide perspectives from setting boundaries to handling feelings. Austen's characters promote an acceptance of less attractive qualities in others and in oneself that can benefit the therapy. Copyright 2014, SLACK Incorporated.

  9. Predictors of Post-Operative Pain Relief in Patients with Chronic Pancreatitis Undergoing the Frey or Whipple Procedure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sinha, Amitasha; Patel, Yuval A; Cruise, Michael; Matsukuma, Karen; Zaheer, Atif; Afghani, Elham; Yadav, Dhiraj; Makary, Martin A; Hirose, Kenzo; Andersen, Dana K; Singh, Vikesh K

    2016-04-01

    Post-operative pain relief in chronic pancreatitis (CP) is variable. Our objective was to determine clinical imaging or histopathologic predictor(s) of post-operative pain relief in CP patients undergoing the Whipple or Frey procedure. All patients who underwent a Whipple (n = 30) or Frey procedure (n = 30) for painful CP between January 2003 and September 2013 were evaluated. A toxic etiology was defined as a history of alcohol use and/or smoking. The pre-operative abdominal CT was evaluated for calcification(s) and main pancreatic duct (MPD) dilation (≥5 mm). The post-operative histopathology was evaluated for severe fibrosis. Clinical imaging and histopathologic features were evaluated as predictors of post-operative pain relief using univariable and multivariable regression analysis. A total of 60 patients (age 51.6 years, 53% males) were included in our study, of whom 42 (70%) reported post-operative pain relief over a mean follow-up of 1.1 years. There were 37 (62%) patients with toxic etiology, 36 (60%) each with calcification(s) and MPD dilation. A toxic etiology, calcifications, and severe fibrosis were associated with post-operative pain relief on univariable analysis (all p Whipple or Frey procedure.

  10. The Morsárjökull rock avalanche in the southern part of the Vatnajökull glacier, south Iceland

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sæmundsson, Şorsteinn; Sigurősson, Ingvar A.; Pétursson, Halldór G.; Decaulne, Armelle; Jónsson, Helgi P.

    2010-05-01

    On the 20th of March 2007 a large rock avalanche fell on Morsárjökull, one of the outlet glaciers from the southern part of the Vatnajökull ice cap, in south Iceland. This is considered to be one of the largest rock avalanches which have occurred in Iceland during the last decades. It is believed that it fell in two separate stages, the main part fell on the 20th of March and the second and smaller one, on the 17th of April 2007. The Morsárjökull outlet glacier is about 4 km long and surrounded by up to 1000 m high valley slopes. The outlet glacier is fed by two ice falls which are partly disconnected to the main ice cap of Vatnajökull, which indicates that the glacier is mainly fed by ice avalanches. The rock avalanche fell on the eastern side of the uppermost part of the Morsárjökull outlet glacier and covered about 1/5 of the glacier surface, an area of about 720,000 m2. The scar of the rock avalanche is located on the north face of the headwall above the uppermost part of the glacier. It is around 330 m high, reaching from about 620 m up to 950 m, showing that the main part of the slope collapsed. It is estimated that about 4 million m3 of rock debris fell on the glacier, or about 10 million tons. The accumulation lobe is up to 1.6 km long, reaching from 520 m a.s.l., to about 350 m a.s.l. Its width is from 125 m to 650 m, or on average 480 m. The total area which the lobe covers is around 720.000 m2 and its mean thickness 5.5 m. The surface of the lobe shows longitudinal ridges and grooves and narrow flow-like lobes, indicating that the debris mass evolved down glacier as a mixture of a slide and debris flow. The debris mass is coarse grained and boulder rich. Blocks over 5 to 8 m in diameter are common on the edges of the lobe up to 1.6 km from the source. No indication was observed of any deformation of the glacier surface under the debris mass. The first glaciological measurements of Morsárjökull outlet glacier were carried out in the year 1896

  11. The chemical work of Alexander and Jane Marcet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosenfeld, L

    2001-04-01

    Alexander Marcet was an authority on urinary calculi and their analysis when few medical practitioners appreciated the usefulness of chemistry in the explanation and treatment of disease. In An Essay on The Chemical History and Medical Treatment of Calculous Disorders, he described the discovery of an xanthine stone. He drew line illustrations of simple chemical apparatus useful for bedside analysis. His microtechnique used drops of solution and pinhead pieces of calculi; reagents were acids and alkalies and the blowpipe in conjunction with a small alcohol lamp. He reported the earliest description of a disorder later named "alcaptonuria". Marcet's work and that of a few others, on the chemical composition of urine and calculi, laid the foundations of our present knowledge. Between 1807 and 1820, his lectures to the medical students at Guy's Hospital were illustrated by experiments. Jane Haldimand Marcet wrote the very popular CONVERSATIONS: on Chemistry (16 editions in Great Britain). Her book dominated elementary chemical instruction during the first half of the 19th century. She followed Lavoisier's scheme of classification and explained chemical reactions in terms of affinity, aggregation, gravitation, and repulsion. Her advocacy that experimentation accompany lecture was new. The availability of serious scientific education in the new women's academies set the stage for increasing women's involvement in science. She also published a series of CONVERSATIONS: The topics were Political Economy, Natural Philosophy, and Vegetable Physiology.

  12. "Young ladies are delicate plants": Jane Austen and Greenhouse Romanticism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lynch, Deidre Shauna

    2010-01-01

    By annotating how in Mansfield Park and Northanger Abbey Jane Austen tracks between the novelist's domain and the naturalist's, this essay seeks to unsettle some entrenched assumptions about her relationship to realism—and the ideological work of naturalization that realism is said to sponsor—as well as to romanticism. Austen's era, which we customarily identify as the time of a romantic return to nature, was marked by conflicts over what nature did and did not include—conflicts between, in the parlance of the period, "the botanist" and "the florist," between an account of nature as that which was given and an account of nature as that which (as with the modern nurseryman's new hybrids and luxuriants) might be manufactured. In arranging for her young heroines' stories of growing up to unfold in the "artificial climates" of modern fashionable gardening and amidst "florists' flowers," Austen deliberately works through those conflicts. She inhabits the plot of "natural development" to which she is often linked in elusively oppositional ways.

  13. Frey procedure for the treatment of chronic pancreatitis associated with common bile duct stricture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rebibo, Lionel; Yzet, Thierry; Cosse, Cyril; Delcenserie, Richard; Bartoli, Eric; Regimbeau, Jean-Marc

    2013-12-01

    The Frey procedure (FP) is the treatment of choice for symptomatic chronic pancreatitis (CP). In cases of biliary stricture, biliary derivation can be performed by choledochoduodenostomy, Roux-en-Y choledochojejunostomy or, more recently, reinsertion of the common bile duct (CBD) into the resection cavity. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the outcomes associated with each of these three types of biliary derivation. We retrospectively analyzed demographic, CP-related, surgical and follow-up data for patients having undergone FP for CP with biliary derivation between 2004 and 2012 in our university medical center. The primary efficacy endpoint was the rate of CBD stricture recurrence. The secondary endpoints were surgical parameters, postoperative complications, postoperative follow-up and the presence of risk factors for secondary CBD stricture. Eighty patients underwent surgery for CP during the study period. Of these, 15 patients received biliary derivation with the FP. Eight of the FPs (53.3%) were combined with choledochoduodenostomy, 4 (26.7%) with choledochojejunostomy and 3 (20.0%) with reinsertion of the CBD into the resection cavity. The mean operating time was 390 minutes. Eleven complications (73.3%) were recorded, including one major complication (6.7%) that necessitated radiologically-guided drainage of an abdominal collection. The mean (range) length of stay was 17 days (8-28) and the median (range) follow-up time was 35.2 months (7.2-95.4). Two patients presented stricture after CBD reinsertion into the resection cavity; one was treated with radiologically-guided dilatation and the other underwent revisional Roux-en-Y choledochojejunostomy. Three patients presented alkaline reflux gastritis (37.5%), one (12.5%) cholangitis and one CBD stricture after FP with choledochoduodenostomy. No risk factors for secondary CBD stricture were identified. As part of a biliary derivation, the FP gave good results. We did not observe any

  14. On a Comparison and Contrast of Sherlock Holmes And Miss Jane Marple

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张豪若

    2014-01-01

    In the history of detective stories, Sherlock Holmes and Miss Jane Marple remain as two of the most prominent fig-ures. Focusing on the two detectives' images, personality traits, detective strategies as well as settings of the stories, this study ex-amines the grounds that magnetize readers.The purpose of this research is to inquire into readers' orientations to Sherlock Holm-es and Miss Jane Marple, and to investigate the causes for their views. To fulfill that purpose, a questionnaire was designed and dis-tributed. Sherlock Holmes and Miss Jane Marple prove themselves to be successful detectives. Both of them have distinct images and personality traits as well as plausible detective strategies. The settings, combining reality with imagination, also play a dispens-able role. Besides, reasons given by students who disbelieve that they are real persons fail to convince.

  15. An Comparative Study of Jane Eyre's Fate and Tess's Fate from Femi?nist Viewpoint

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Jing; HE Ling-jing

    2017-01-01

    In"Jane Eyre", Charlotte Bronte's masterpiece the heroine, Jane Eyre has fully reflected her self-esteem, equality, and pure personality, which are also reflected in her concept of love vividly. However, Thomas Hardy's Tess is poor and kind, but she does not have a complete love like Jane Eyre, and she is described by his criticism of the old moral character with good vir-tues in the traditional sense. She is a new image of modern feminism who suffered from the old moral sense and gradually has re-volt consciousness. From the feminism viewpoint, this paper attempts to analysis the causes of their different fate from different points and reveal the impact of social background on their fates.

  16. Jane Eyre : un roman innovant pour les critiques victoriens Jane Eyre: an Innovating Novel according to the Victorian Critics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Odile Boucher-Rivalain

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available After the failure to publish her first novel The Professor Charlotte Brontë wrote her second work of fiction Jane Eyre in a conscious effort to satisfy the critics’ expectations, combining the more traditional elements of novel-writing with more innovating ones suggested by her own imagination. An examination of the reviews which appeared in the months following the publication of Jane Eyre reveals Charlotte Brontë’s strategy: her choice of an unconventional relationship between the poor, plain governess and her wealthy, passionate master, the exploration of her heroine’s interior life combined with the realistic descriptions of her characters’ physical and social environment. This combination ensured the success of the novel which was overwhelmingly praised for its innovative elements even if the more conservative critics disapproved of such novelties.

  17. Readings on Jane Austen. The Greenhaven Press Literary Companion to British Authors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swisher, Clarice, Ed.

    Designed for young adults, this book on Jane Austen's novels is one of an anthology series providing accessible resources for students researching great literary lives and works. Contributing writers' essays in the book are taken from a wide variety of sources and are edited to accommodate the reading and comprehension levels of young adults; each…

  18. A Female Interrogative Reader: The Adolescent Jane Austen Reads and Rewrites (His)tory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reid-Walsh, Jacqueline

    1992-01-01

    Argues that Jane Austen's unpublished juvenile work "The History of England" has considerable relevance to twentieth-century high-school English classrooms. Notes that the work humorously shows the gender bias of traditional history texts because it is a "woman-centered" rewriting. (RS)

  19. Jane Austen's Novels as a Guide to Social and Individual Responsibility for High School Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fritzer, Penelope

    1998-01-01

    Jane Austen's novels are particularly appropriate for adolescents. These classics deal with topics of high interest to young people. Austen grapples with the question of what the individual owes to society and what he or she is obliged to tolerate in the way of strictures on behavior. Article proposes that Austen's novels should be more widely…

  20. The book and reading in the space of performance: the case of Jane Austen Book Club

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmen Irene Correa de Oliveira

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available We propose to discuss the role of filmic narratives with the book as an object of representation in the context of the imaginary of shapes and types of knowledge, of ways of reading organization and of practices that have the book as object. Finally, we have the dialogical perspective of the works, its time, the subject readers and its context. For this project, we bring the filmic text The Jane Austen Book Club (2007, based on a book (The Jane Austen book club by Karen Joy Fowler, which focuses on personal and intimate dramas from people at different times of sharing, unfolding for six months, and that presents individual experiences which are mixed with the characters’ plots from the books of the English author. We highlight in the film, book and reading as narrative elements, characters accomplices of small dramas. In The Jane Austen Book Club, we perform an extrapolation in order to put the two moments - the performance and reading - in the practices developed by the participants of the club. They find the work of Austen in individual reading and in the performance that puts everyone in a continuous space of action and transformation. We believe, finally, that individual reading and the club meetings make it possible to think of the reception (individual reading and performance (reading/collective analysis in a combination that allows a constant revitalization of the work, in the case of Jane Austen.

  1. Jane Fonda võitis Cannes'is eriauhinna / Valner Valme

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Valme, Valner, 1970-

    2007-01-01

    Cannes'i filmifestivalil jagati auhindu. Ameerika näitleja Jane Fonda sai elutöö auhinna, Kuldse Palmioksa sai rumeenlase Christian Mungiu "Neli kuud, kolm nädalat ja kaks päeva". Ka programmi "Vaatenurk" auhindadest

  2. The Tephra Layer From the Plinian Eruption in ™r‘faj”kull 1362, Southeast Iceland

    Science.gov (United States)

    Selbekk, R. S.

    2002-12-01

    Pyroclastic fallout from the 1362 eruption of ™r‘faj”kull forms one of the volcanic marker horizons of the North Atlantic. This contribution reports the mineralogical and geochemical characteristics of the ™r‘faj”kull 1362 fallout and its grain-size distribution. A non-rifting 120 km long volcanic lineament some 50 km east of the Eastern Rift-Zone of Iceland is defined by transitional and alkalic volcanic rocks resting unconformably on late Tertiary strata. ™r‘faj”kull which forms the southern termination of this off-rift liniment is an ice-covered stratovolcano (2200 masl) composed mostly of subglacially formed hyaloclastite ranging from basalts to rhyolites. The two historical (1100 yrs) eruptions of ™r‘faj”kull include a small explosive eruption in 1727 and a large devastating Plinian eruption associated with major lahars and a caldera collapse in 1362. Between 1 and 2 km3 dense rock equivalent or 5-10 km3 of rhyolitic pumice was erupted and the fallout was mainly towards ESE. Tentative modelling of the PT-conditions of the magma formation, based on glass/mineral equilibria, indicates that the source was a near-eutectic melt in equilibrium with fayalite, hedenbergite, oligoclase and hematite at some 0.2 GPa pressure. A profile through the fallout was sampled at elevation of about 1100 masl on the SE flank of the volcano. A deposit of 1.8 m thickness was collected in 14 units for examination of composition, mineralogy and grain-size distribution during the eruption. In the profile the fallout is fine grained vesicular glass (1-3% minerals, 3% lithic fragments) with bubble wall thickness in the low micron range. The high and even vesiculation of the glass indicates fast magma ascent and explains the extreme mechanical fragmentation within the eruptive column, yielding between 50 and 80 wt% of less than 0.25 mm grain size. A reconstruction of the Plinian phase, based on grain-size analysis and abundance of lithic fragments, reveals that the

  3. Mössbauer Spectroscopy of Samples from the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull Summit Eruption

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gunnlaugsson, Haraldur Pall; Höskuldsson, Á.; Steinthorsson, S.

    2012-01-01

    The 2010 Eyjafjallajökull summit eruption (Iceland) produced large amounts of fine ash, disturbing air traffic across the North-Atlantic and within Europe. Mössbauer spectroscopy of ash-samples and a lava-bomb has been performed to study the material properties and to gain insight into why...... the volcano produced so vast amounts of fine grained material. Time series of ash samples reveal a changing ferric to ferrous ratio and level of crystallization which can be related to the different phases of the eruption. The lava bomb has a much lower ferric to ferrous ratio, implying that this relatively...

  4. Biological aspects of Leucothyreus alvarengai Frey and Leucothyreus aff. semipruinosus Ohaus (Coleoptera, Melolonthidae, Rutelinae in crop succession at central Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alex Furquim Pereira

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Biological aspects of Leucothyreus alvarengai Frey and Leucothyreus aff. semipruinosus Ohaus (Coleoptera, Melolonthidae, Rutelinae in crop succession at central Brazil. Beetles of the family Melolonthidae make up a large group and some species are considered pests of planted crops. Little information is available on the basic biological aspects of the genus Leucothyreus, such as association with cultivated crops and their occurrence periods. Therefore studies were developed in soybean and corn crops in Tangará da Serra, Mato Grosso, Brazil, with the objective of studying the occurrence and biological aspects of Leucothyreus alvarengai Frey and Leucothyreus aff. semipruinosus Ohaus. For acquisition of immature specimens of both species, in April 2011 sampling was performed in corn fields, in July and October in the fallow area, and in soybeans fields planted in December; in 2012 sampling was performed in January and February in soybean fields and in March in corn fields. In 2011 the total number of larvae obtained in April, July, October and December were 100, 6, 30 and 27, and in January, February and March of 2012 these quantities were 32, 52 and 65 larvae, respectively. In all sampling events the larvae of L. alvarengai were collected in greater quantity. At the beginning of the reproductive period of L. alvarengai and L. aff. semipruinosus, it was observed that the adults began to fly and soon after started oviposition in the field in September. The appearance of larvae coincides with the time of soybean planting in the field, thus the larvae feed on roots of soybean plants at the beginning of their development and the cycle from egg to adult of the two species was completed in one year.

  5. Crustal thermal state and origin of silicic magma in Iceland: the case of Torfajökull, Ljósufjöll and Snæfellsjökull volcanoes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, E.; Sigmarsson, O.

    2007-05-01

    Pleistocene and Holocene peralkaline rhyolites from Torfajökull (South Iceland Volcanic Zone) and Ljósufjöll central volcanoes and trachytes from Snæfellsjökull (Snæfellsnes Volcanic Zone) allow the assessment of the mechanism for silicic magma genesis as a function of geographical location and crustal geothermal gradient. The low δ18O (2.4‰) and low Sr concentration (12.2 ppm) measured in Torfajökull rhyolites are best explained by partial melting of hydrated metabasaltic crust followed by major fractionation of feldspar. In contrast, very high 87Sr/86Sr (0.70473) and low Ba (8.7 ppm) and Sr (1.2 ppm) concentrations measured in Ljósufjöll silicic lavas are best explained by fractional crystallisation and subsequent 87Rb decay. Snæfellsjökull trachytes are also generated by fractional crystallisation, with less than 10% crustal assimilation, as inferred from their δ18O. The fact that silicic magmas within, or close to, the rift zone are principally generated by crustal melting whereas those from off-rift zones are better explained by fractional crystallisation clearly illustrates the controlling influence of the thermal state of the crust on silicic magma genesis in Iceland.

  6. An extreme wind erosion event of the fresh Eyjafjallajökull 2010 volcanic ash.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arnalds, Olafur; Thorarinsdottir, Elin Fjola; Thorsson, Johann; Waldhauserova, Pavla Dagsson; Agustsdottir, Anna Maria

    2013-01-01

    Volcanic eruptions can generate widespread deposits of ash that are subsequently subjected to erosive forces which causes detrimental effects on ecosystems. We measured wind erosion of the freshly deposited Eyjafjallajökull ash at a field site the first summer after the 2010 eruption. Over 30 wind erosion events occurred (June-October) at wind speeds > 10 m s(-1) in each storm with gusts up to 38.7 m s(-1). Surface transport over one m wide transect (surface to 150 cm height) reached > 11,800 kg m(-1) during the most intense storm event with a rate of 1,440 kg m(-1) hr(-1) for about 6½ hrs. This storm is among the most extreme wind erosion events recorded on Earth. The Eyjafjallajökull wind erosion storms caused dust emissions extending several hundred km from the volcano affecting both air quality and ecosystems showing how wind erosion of freshly deposited ash prolongs impacts of volcanic eruptions.

  7. Volcanic ash particulate matter from the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull eruption in dust deposition at Prague, central Europe

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Navrátil, Tomáš; Hladil, Jindřich; Strnad, L.; Koptíková, Leona; Skála, Roman

    2013-01-01

    Roč. 9, June (2013), s. 191-202 ISSN 1875-9637 R&D Projects: GA AV ČR IAAX00130702 Institutional support: RVO:67985831 Keywords : Eyjafjallajökull volcano * Icelandic tephra * grain size * mineralogy * geochemical analysis Subject RIV: DD - Geochemistry Impact factor: 2.841, year: 2013

  8. Teater vajab ellujäämiseks värsket dramaturgiat / Jane Rasch ; vahendanud Eva-Liisa Linder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rasch, Jane

    2009-01-01

    Taani teatriteadlane Jane Rasch õpetas 10.-14. augustini 2009 Viljandi Kultuuriakadeemias toimunud draamakirjutuskursusel "Ideedest näidendi stsenaariumini". Ka näitekirjanike koolitamisest Taanis jt. Põhjamaades

  9. Adèle, version abâtardie de Jane Eyre Adèle, an “Addled” Version of Jane Eyre?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claire Bazin

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Adèle is a rewriting of the story of Jane Eyre published 150 years before. Emma Tennant, who is a specialist in the field of « revisions » puts Adèle, Jane’s young pupil in the Ur-text, in the limelight by giving her a « story  of her own », as if she were taking her revenge on the original text which had given her so insignificant a part.

  10. Seeking Austen, from Abroad: Lori Smith’s Memoir 'A Walk with Jane Austen' (2007

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliette Wells

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available One outcome of Jane Austen’s popularity with present-day readers is their creation of books derived from and inspired by her own. This article examines a recent contribution to this increasingly crowded field: Lori Smith’s 2007 'A Walk with Jane Austen: A Journey into Adventure, Love & Faith', which depicts a thirtysomething American woman’s travel to England in the hopes of better understanding both Austen and herself. I consider this memoir in relation to other works created by Austen fans, including those who, like Smith, aim primarily at a Christian readership; I address as well this book’s significance as an account of literary pilgrimage and of personally transformative reading.

  11. The Distribution and Frequency of the Terms "Pride" and "Prejudice" in Jane Austen's Pride and Prejudice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tanja Dromnes

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available In this article we examine the title terms of Jane Austen's Pride and Prejudice (1813 with particular attention to their distribution and frequency in the text. Our method is to connect the statistical material gathered on frequency and distribution to a narratological analysis of the terms, with special emphasis on whether they occur within the focalization of the external narrator, or that of character-focalizers. In order to approach this task, we have availed ourselves of the narratological theories of Mieke Bal. We conclude that there is a differentiation among types of focalization in the novel that enhances the thematic structure of match-making. Although Jane Austen wrote and published her major works two centuries ago, they continue to fascinate literary scholars and general readers alike.

  12. ‘Gaze’ and ‘Visuality’ in Jane Austen’s Pride and Prejudice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zolfagharkhani M.

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available For many readers, there is no connection between Jane Austen’s novels and the sexualized body. Sexuality in Austen’s novels is never explicit; nonetheless, it permeates every look, gesture, and letter that passes between her lovers. This article aims to reveal the concept of ‘gaze’, especially female gaze, in Jane Austen’s Pride and Prejudice. According to feminist critics it is psychologically inevitable that women are the sexual objects of men; therefore, they have effectively refused to acknowledge the possibility that a female gaze could exist. Arguably, as it is indicated throughout this article, women are not necessarily rendered mute and inert by the male gaze; in fact, they actively shape and respond to male desire and their gaze encompasses as much authority and power as the male gaze.

  13. Did the "Woman in the Attic" in Jane Eyre Have Huntington Disease?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coon, Elizabeth A; Hassan, Anhar

    2015-01-01

    References to neurologic disorders are frequently found in fictional literature and may precede description in the medical literature. Our aim was to compare Charlotte Brontë's depiction of Bertha Mason in Jane Eyre to the tenets set forth in George Huntington's original essay "On chorea" with the hypothesis that Mason was displaying features of Huntington disease. Charlotte Brontë's 1847 Victorian novel Jane Eyre features the character Bertha Mason, who is portrayed with a progressive psychiatric illness, violent movements, and possible cognitive decline. Similar to Huntington's tenets, Mason has a disorder with a strong family history suggestive of autosomal dominant inheritance with onset in adulthood, and culminating in suicide. Brontë's character had features of Huntington disease as originally described by Huntington. Brontë's keen characterization may have increased awareness of treatment of neuropsychiatric patients in the Victorian era.

  14. The Exploration of human experience in Jane Austen's Northanger Abbey

    OpenAIRE

    Mulas, Francesco Gesuino

    2005-01-01

    Jane Austen's purpose in Northanger Abbey, both in her aesthetic principles and moral intents, is to explore the human experience in its fullest sense. How do people perceive and understand themselves and each other? What are they like and how can they learn and grow? If moral problems are a question of thought rather than of action, as a consequence to ask what characters are like is also to ask what an author's conception of them should be.

  15. Jane Austen (1775-1817) and the cultural history of health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biddiss, Michael

    2014-08-01

    This paper provides a review of some aspects of the life and novels of Jane Austen that have particular bearing on her approach to issues of sickness and health. It is based on a Keynote Lecture given at the Annual Congress of the British Society for the History of Medicine on 1 September 2011 at the University of Surrey. © IMechE 2013 Reprints and permissions: sagepub.co.uk/journalsPermissions.nav.

  16. Captation spéculaire et mise en abyme dans le film Jane Eyre de Franco Zeffirelli Specular Captation and Metafictional Devices in Zeffirelli’s Jane Eyre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabelle Van Peteghem-Tréard

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available This article presents Franco Zeffirelli’s baroque use of mirrors to evoke the specular alienation of Jane Eyre who is both the heroine and the story-teller in the movie and in the original text. The mirror image—or, condensed into a single word, the “mirage”—is not only whole and non-human as opposed to fragmented, turbulent and human, it is an “exteriority,” an outside that is also inside. The ego experiences a perpetual rift that is modeled on the subject’s dual relations with its specular counterpart, the other woman. The mirror stage presents through dramatic exemplification a certain level of rupture between inwardly lived and external realities. The director thus emphasizes the question of representation and its various metafictional modes as Jane Eyre—the movie— can be seen as a portrait of the artist. Drawing can be regarded as the cinematic equivalent of narration in Charlotte Brontë’s work and also as empowerment for the female subject who ultimately becomes a creator.

  17. Translating Jane Austen’s Mansfield Park for contemporary Italian readers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simona Sangiorgi

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract - My Italian translation of the novel Mansfield Park by Jane Austen was published by Rusconi Libri in 2012. The present contribution aims to describe and discuss some aspects of my practical experience in translating this novel. A particular focus will be on the issue of what it means, from both the cultural and the literary point of view, to translate this book into Italian in the 21st century, and on the strategies I adopted in order to translate certain aspects of the author’s language and style. Riassunto - Nel 2012 è stata pubblicata la mia traduzione in lingua italiana del romanzo Mansfield Park di Jane Austen. Il presente contributo intende osservare e discutere alcuni elementi culturali e linguistici legati al processo traduttivo di questo testo, con particolare riferimento a due principali questioni. La prima riguarda il significato stesso del tradurre in lingua italiana l’opera di Jane Austen nel ventunesimo secolo, sia dal punto di vista culturale che letterario. La seconda questione entra nel merito delle strategie traduttive che ho scelto per rendere specifici aspetti del linguaggio e dello stile propri dell’autrice inglese.

  18. Holocene glacier and climate variations in Vestfirðir, Iceland, from the modeling of Drangajökull ice cap

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, Leif S.; Flowers, Gwenn E.; Jarosch, Alexander H.; Aðalgeirsdóttir, Guðfinna Th; Geirsdóttir, Áslaug; Miller, Gifford H.; Harning, David J.; Thorsteinsson, Thorsteinn; Magnússon, Eyjólfur; Pálsson, Finnur

    2018-06-01

    Drangajökull is a maritime ice cap located in northwest (Vestfirðir) Iceland. Drangajökull's evolution is therefore closely linked to atmospheric and ocean variability. In order to better constrain the Holocene climate and glacier history of Vestfirðir we model the past evolution of Drangajökull ice cap. Simulations from 10 ka to present are forced by general circulation model output, ice-core-based temperature reconstructions, and sea-surface temperature reconstructions. Based on these 10-thousand year simulations, Drangajökull did not persist through the Holocene. We estimate that air temperatures were 2.5-3.0 °C higher during the Holocene Thermal Maximum than the local 1960-1990 average. Simulations support Drangajökull's late Holocene inception between 2 and 1 ka, though intermittent ice likely occupied cirques as early as 2.6 ka. Drangajökull is primarily a Little Ice Age ice cap: it expanded between 1300 and 1750 CE, with the most rapid growth occurring between 1600 and 1750 CE. The maximum Holocene extent of Drangajökull occurred between 1700 and 1925 CE, despite the lowest late Holocene temperatures, occurring between 1650 and 1720 CE. Between 1700 and 1925 CE temperatures were likely 0.6-0.8 °C lower than the 1950-2015 reference temperature. The modern equilibrium line altitude (ELA) is bracketed by topographic thresholds: a 1 °C temperature increase from the modern ELA would eliminate the ice cap's accumulation area, while a reduction of 0.5 °C would lead to the rapid expansion of the ice cap across Vestfirðir. The proximity of Drangajökull to topographic thresholds may explain its late inception and rapid expansion during the Little Ice Age.

  19. Assessment of the clinical relevance of quantitative sensory testing with Von Frey monofilaments in patients with allodynia and neuropathic pain. A pilot study

    OpenAIRE

    Keizer, D.; van Wijhe, M.; Post, W.J.; Uges, D.R.A.; Wierda, J.M.K.H.

    2007-01-01

    Background: Allodynia is a common and disabling symptom in many patients with neuropathic pain. Whereas quantification of pain mostly depends on subjective pain reports, allodynia can also be measured objectively with quantitative sensory testing. In this pilot study, we investigated the clinical relevance of quantitative sensory testing with Von Frey monofilaments in patients with allodynia as a consequence of a neuropathic pain syndrome, by means of correlating subjective pain scores with p...

  20. An analysis of options available for developing a common laser ray tracing package for Ares and Kull code frameworks

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Weeratunga, S K

    2008-11-06

    Ares and Kull are mature code frameworks that support ALE hydrodynamics for a variety of HEDP applications at LLNL, using two widely different meshing approaches. While Ares is based on a 2-D/3-D block-structured mesh data base, Kull is designed to support unstructured, arbitrary polygonal/polyhedral meshes. In addition, both frameworks are capable of running applications on large, distributed-memory parallel machines. Currently, both these frameworks separately support assorted collections of physics packages related to HEDP, including one for the energy deposition by laser/ion-beam ray tracing. This study analyzes the options available for developing a common laser/ion-beam ray tracing package that can be easily shared between these two code frameworks and concludes with a set of recommendations for its development.

  1. Elevation Change, Mass Balance, Dynamics, and Surging of Langjökull, Iceland from 1997 to 2007

    OpenAIRE

    Pope, Allen; Willis, Ian Craig; Pálsson, Finnur; Arnold, Neil Stuart; Rees, William Gareth; Björnsson, Helgi; Grey, Lauren

    2016-01-01

    Glaciers and ice caps around the world are changing quickly, with surge-type behaviour superimposed upon climatic forcing. Here, we study Iceland’s second largest ice cap, Langjökull, which has both surge- and non-surge-type outlets. By differencing elevation change with surface mass balance, we estimate the contribution of ice dynamics to elevation change. We use DEMs, in situ stake measurements, regional reanalyses, and a mass balance model to calculate the vertical ice velocity. Thus,...

  2. An Comparative Study of Jane Eyre's Fate and Tess's Fate from Femi-nist Viewpoint%An Comparative Study of Jane Eyre's Fate and Tess's Fate from Femi?nist Viewpoint

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈静; 何泠静

    2017-01-01

    In"Jane Eyre", Charlotte Bronte's masterpiece the heroine, Jane Eyre has fully reflected her self-esteem, equality, and pure personality, which are also reflected in her concept of love vividly. However, Thomas Hardy's Tess is poor and kind, but she does not have a complete love like Jane Eyre, and she is described by his criticism of the old moral character with good vir-tues in the traditional sense. She is a new image of modern feminism who suffered from the old moral sense and gradually has re-volt consciousness. From the feminism viewpoint, this paper attempts to analysis the causes of their different fate from different points and reveal the impact of social background on their fates.

  3. J. M. Gratale on Jane Chapman’s Issues in Contemporary Documentary

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Jane Chapman, Issues in Contemporary Documentary.  Polity Press, 2009.  pp.  210 ISBN:  978-0-7456-4009-9.The prevalence of images in contemporary society and culture is a patent reality.  From digital photography to cinematic film, and cell phone imaging to You Tube, the production and circulation of the image is becoming more and more diffused. In conjunction with such developments is the fact that the mediums and technologies which ‘deliver’ these images are constantly diversifying and imp...

  4. Literary Cross-dressing: Jane Addams Finds her Voice in Democracy and Social Ethics

    OpenAIRE

    Joslin, Katherine

    2018-01-01

    In 1881 Jane Addams dressed herself, rhetorically speaking, as Cassandra to dramatize the fate of the first generation of American women to graduate from college. Standing before her classmates at Rockford Female Seminary, she cast the new woman as the mythic Greek heroine: «The frail girl stood conscious of Truth but she had no logic to convince the impatient defeated warriors, and no facts to gain their confidence, she could only assert and proclaim until at last in sooth she becomes mad.» ...

  5. At Home with Jane Austen: Imagining the Colonial Connection in Mansfield Park

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Blanka Grzegorczyk

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available This article examines Jane Austen's Mansfield Park in the context of the complex relationship between imaginative literature and the experience of empire. Specifically, it argues that the way Austen's novel plays with the imperial experience is more ambivalent than many critics have indicated. It suggests that underlying the imaginative conceptualization of the relations between metropole and colony are certain evasions and contradictions in which the novel consciously abounds. A close reading of the novel demonstrates how issues related to metropole and colony may be articulated within the literary mainstream, and why such narrative articulation is important.

  6. Jane Kelsey, Serving Whose Interests? The Political Economy of Trade in Services Agreements

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maureen Irish

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Serving Whose Interests is an examination of the General Agreement on Trade in Services [GATS] since its inception in 1995, with several case studies that discuss services trade in specific applications around the world. The scholarship i s extensive and detailed. Jane Kelsey, law professor at the University of Auckland, has criticized the pro-market services trade regime i n her role as a political activist. In this book, her goals are to make the technicalities of trade rules accessible and to show their effects on people and communities.

  7. Optimizing Frozen Sample Preparation for Laser Microdissection: Assessment of CryoJane Tape-Transfer System®.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yelena G Golubeva

    Full Text Available Laser microdissection is an invaluable tool in medical research that facilitates collecting specific cell populations for molecular analysis. Diversity of research targets (e.g., cancerous and precancerous lesions in clinical and animal research, cell pellets, rodent embryos, etc. and varied scientific objectives, however, present challenges toward establishing standard laser microdissection protocols. Sample preparation is crucial for quality RNA, DNA and protein retrieval, where it often determines the feasibility of a laser microdissection project. The majority of microdissection studies in clinical and animal model research are conducted on frozen tissues containing native nucleic acids, unmodified by fixation. However, the variable morphological quality of frozen sections from tissues containing fat, collagen or delicate cell structures can limit or prevent successful harvest of the desired cell population via laser dissection. The CryoJane Tape-Transfer System®, a commercial device that improves cryosectioning outcomes on glass slides has been reported superior for slide preparation and isolation of high quality osteocyte RNA (frozen bone during laser dissection. Considering the reported advantages of CryoJane for laser dissection on glass slides, we asked whether the system could also work with the plastic membrane slides used by UV laser based microdissection instruments, as these are better suited for collection of larger target areas. In an attempt to optimize laser microdissection slide preparation for tissues of different RNA stability and cryosectioning difficulty, we evaluated the CryoJane system for use with both glass (laser capture microdissection and membrane (laser cutting microdissection slides. We have established a sample preparation protocol for glass and membrane slides including manual coating of membrane slides with CryoJane solutions, cryosectioning, slide staining and dissection procedure, lysis and RNA extraction

  8. Holocene surge-history of the Eyjabakkajökull glacier inferred from varved lake sediments on eastern Iceland

    Science.gov (United States)

    Striberger, J.; Bjorck, S.; Ingolfsson, O.; Kjaer, K.; Snowball, I.; Uvo, C. B.

    2009-12-01

    Properties of varved lake sediments from Lake Lögurinn on eastern Iceland and their link to glacial processes of Eyjabakkajökull, a surging outlet glacier of the Vatnajökull ice cap, is examined. An 18 m long sediment sequence obtained from the lake, covering at least the past ~ 9 200 years, displays a distinct recurring pattern of light-coloured clay dominated laminae sections. The thickness of the light-coloured laminae is mainly controlled by the amount of glacial rock flour transported from Eyjabakkajökull. These light laminae are interlaid by coarser dark-coloured laminae mainly formed by suspended matter transported to the lake by the large non-glacial river Grímsá. During the recent surge of Eyjabakkajökull in 1972, the amount of suspended matter transported to the lake increased significantly. The surge was followed by years of recurring drainages of Lake Háöldulón, an ice-dammed lake that was formed shortly after the surge. As a result, the amount of glacial rock flour transported to Lake Lögurinn was higher than usual as long as Lake Háöldulón continued to drain (i.e. as long as the ice front was in an advanced position enough to dam the lake). This increase in glacially derived rock flour is reflected in the sediments, as the varve that was formed in 1972 constitutes the thickest light-coloured laminae deposited during the 20th century, which is followed by the second thickest light-coloured laminae, deposited in 1973. From there on, the thicknesses of the light-coloured laminae gradually fade out. Based on these modern observations, we suggest that the recurring cyclic pattern of light-coloured clay dominated laminae sections in the sediment sequence is related to past surges of Eyjabakkajökull, followed by drainages of Lake Háöldulón. Recurring cycles of light-coloured clay dominated laminae began to develop close to the Hekla-3 and Hekla-4 tephras (ca. 3000-4000 years BP), which also coincides with the time when the varves became

  9. Did the "Woman in the Attic" in Jane Eyre Have Huntington Disease?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elizabeth A. Coon

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Background: References to neurologic disorders are frequently found in fictional literature and may precede description in the medical literature. Aim: Our aim was to compare Charlotte Brontë’s depiction of Bertha Mason in Jane Eyre to the tenets set forth in George Huntington’s original essay “On chorea” with the hypothesis that Mason was displaying features of Huntington disease. Results: Charlotte Brontë’s 1847 Victorian novel Jane Eyre features the character Bertha Mason, who is portrayed with a progressive psychiatric illness, violent movements, and possible cognitive decline. Similar to Huntington’s tenets, Mason has a disorder with a strong family history suggestive of autosomal dominant inheritance with onset in adulthood, and culminating in suicide. Conclusion: Brontë’s character had features of Huntington disease as originally described by Huntington. Brontë’s keen characterization may have increased awareness of treatment of neuropsychiatric patients in the Victorian era.

  10. JANE, A new information retrieval system for the Radiation Shielding Information Center

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Trubey, D.K.

    1991-05-01

    A new information storage and retrieval system has been developed for the Radiation Shielding Information Center (RSIC) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory to replace mainframe systems that have become obsolete. The database contains citations and abstracts of literature which were selected by RSIC analysts and indexed with terms from a controlled vocabulary. The database, begun in 1963, has been maintained continuously since that time. The new system, called JANE, incorporates automatic indexing techniques and on-line retrieval using the RSIC Data General Eclipse MV/4000 minicomputer, Automatic indexing and retrieval techniques based on fuzzy-set theory allow the presentation of results in order of Retrieval Status Value. The fuzzy-set membership function depends on term frequency in the titles and abstracts and on Term Discrimination Values which indicate the resolving power of the individual terms. These values are determined by the Cover Coefficient method. The use of a commercial database base to store and retrieve the indexing information permits rapid retrieval of the stored documents. Comparisons of the new and presently-used systems for actual searches of the literature indicate that it is practical to replace the mainframe systems with a minicomputer system similar to the present version of JANE. 18 refs., 10 figs

  11. A Bold New Timeless Classic: Fukunaga’s Partial Reading of Jane Eyre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Engle

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available With its first person narrator, radical tonal changes, and wild blend of genres (autobiography, romance, Gothic melodrama, Christian exemplum, etc., Brontë’s Jane Eyre is a case study in the difficulties of cinematic adaptation, as the filmmaker attempts to balance "fidelity" with contemporary relevance and entertainment value. This article examines Cary Fukunaga’s 2011 version, and in particular certain orientations animating his necessarily "partial" reading of the novel. Chief among these is the decision to begin the film when Jane leaves Thornfield; recounting much of the story in discontinuous flashback, the film manages simultaneously to admit Jane’s narrative voice while eliminating its potentially distracting nature. Fukunaga’s other choices include the toning down of the novel’s lurid Gothic quality, its overt romanticism, and—today an overly familiar romantic comedy stereotype—the teasing interplay between the two protagonists. Communicating in a compact language of visual symbol, he also uses the original’s "religious plot" as a tool for modern character analysis.

  12. Network resilience to real-world disasters: Eyjafjallajökull and 9/11

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woolley, Olivia; Thiemann, Christian; Grady, Daniel; Brockmann, Dirk

    2011-03-01

    We investigate the resilience of the the world-wide air transportation network (WAN) to the 9/11 terrorist attacks and the recent eruption of the volcano Eyjafjallajökull. Although both disasters caused wide-spread disruption, the number of airports that were closed and the volume of interrupted traffic were well below the percolation threshold predicted by the classical theory. In order to quantify and visualize network deformation before breakdown, we introduce a framework based on the increase in shortest-path distance and homogenization of shortest-path structure. These real-world disasters are a new type of disruption because the removal of all vertices (airports) is geographically compact. Our framework incorporates the dual perspective of individual airports and geopolitical regions to capture how the impact interacts with the sub-network structure.We find that real-world events have an impact signature which is qualitatively different from that of random or high-centrality attacks. Furthermore, we find that the network is more resilient to the 9/11 disaster, although it removed more airports and traffic than the volcanic ash-cloud. This is due to the network roles of Europe and North America. We discuss how regional roles influence resilience to a region's removal.

  13. In-situ observations of Eyjafjallajökull ash particles by hot-air balloon

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petäjä, T.; Laakso, L.; Grönholm, T.; Launiainen, S.; Evele-Peltoniemi, I.; Virkkula, A.; Leskinen, A.; Backman, J.; Manninen, H. E.; Sipilä, M.; Haapanala, S.; Hämeri, K.; Vanhala, E.; Tuomi, T.; Paatero, J.; Aurela, M.; Hakola, H.; Makkonen, U.; Hellén, H.; Hillamo, R.; Vira, J.; Prank, M.; Sofiev, M.; Siitari-Kauppi, M.; Laaksonen, A.; lehtinen, K. E. J.; Kulmala, M.; Viisanen, Y.; Kerminen, V.-M.

    2012-03-01

    The volcanic ash cloud from Eyjafjallajökull volcanic eruption seriously distracted aviation in Europe. Due to the flight ban, there were only few in-situ measurements of the properties and dispersion of the ash cloud. In this study we show in-situ observations onboard a hot air balloon conducted in Central Finland together with regional dispersion modelling with SILAM-model during the eruption. The modeled and measured mass concentrations were in a qualitative agreement but the exact elevation of the layer was slightly distorted. Some of this discrepancy can be attributed to the uncertainty in the initial emission height and strength. The observed maximum mass concentration varied between 12 and 18 μg m -3 assuming a density of 2 g m -3, whereas the gravimetric analysis of the integrated column showed a maximum of 45 μg m -3 during the first two descents through the ash plume. Ion chromatography data indicated that a large fraction of the mass was insoluble to water, which is in qualitative agreement with single particle X-ray analysis. A majority of the super-micron particles contained Si, Al, Fe, K, Na, Ca, Ti, S, Zn and Cr, which are indicative for basalt-type rock material. The number concentration profiles indicated that there was secondary production of particles possibly from volcano-emitted sulfur dioxide oxidized to sulfuric acid during the transport.

  14. Correlação entre as escalas visual analógica, de Melbourne e filamentos de Von Frey na avaliação da dor pós-operatória em cadelas submetidas à ovariossalpingohisterectomia Correlation between visual analog scale, Melbourne pain scale and Von Frey filaments in post-operatory pain evaluation in bitches submitted to ovaryhysterectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Virgínia Heinze Pohl

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available A avaliação da dor em animais necessita da utilização de escalas de avaliação, que dependem da interpretação realizada por observadores. O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar a correlação entre a escala visual analógica (EVA, escala de Melbourne e os filamentos de Von Frey, na avaliação da dor pós-operatória em 42 cadelas adultas e saudáveis, submetidas à ovariossalpingohisterectomia (OSH. A dor pós-operatória foi avaliada por dois observadores cegos aos tratamentos analgésicos, em intervalos de uma hora, utilizando a EVA, a escala de Melbourne e os filamentos de Von Frey, aplicados ao redor da incisão cirúrgica. Foram considerados como critérios para realização da analgesia resgate uma pontuação de 50mm na EVA ou de 13 pontos na escala de Melbourne. A EVA revelou-se a escala mais sensível, uma vez que 100% dos animais receberam resgate seguindo esse método. Os valores obtidos na EVA e na escala de Melbourne determinaram boa correlação, com r=0,74, o que não ocorreu com os filamentos de Von Frey (r=-0,18. Já a correlação entre a escala de Melbourne e os filamentos de Von Frey foi de -0.37. Apesar de a EVA e a escala de Melbourne apresentarem boa correlação, sugere-se que se considere uma pontuação menor na escala de Melbourne como critério para administração de analgesia resgate.Pain evaluation in animals requires the use of evaluation scales, which depend on the interpretation made by observers. The present study aimed to evaluate the correlation between visual analog scale (VAS, Melbourne pain scale and Von Frey filaments in the evaluation of post-operatory pain in fourty two healthy adult bitches submited to ovariohysterectomy. Post-operatory pain was evaluated by two observers unaware of the analgesic protocol used, in one-hour intervals, using VAS, Melbourne pain scale and Von Frey filaments, applied around the surgical wound. A score of 50mm in VAS or 13 points in the Melbourne pain scale were

  15. Révision de Jane Eyre comme métacommentaire philosophique dans les romans d’Anita Brookner Re-Vision of Jane Eyre as Philosophical Metacomment in the Novels of Anita Brookner

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eileen Williams-Wanquet

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Although none of Brookner’s twenty-three novels to date actually re-write Jane Eyre as hypotext, Brontë’s novel is part of the pervasive intertextuality of Brookner’s text, addressed here as a monolithic fiction. This omnipresent intertextuality, which is the key to understanding the whole œuvre, serves to define the moral codes followed by the heroine and to make a philosophical metacommentary on contemporary culture. Brookner’s characters read and comment on Jane Eyre, the heroine takes Jane as a role model of virtue and the masculine characters are divided into those who resemble Mr Rochester and those who belong to the same category as St John Rivers. But Brookner’s text is a re-vision of Brontë’s novel, as of other novels set in the tradition of the classic realist text and of romance, which have Cartesian rationalism and Christianity as philosophical underpinnings. Brookner reverses the poetic justice of Jane Eyre, which is re-contextualised to fit a new moral landscape in which God is dead as ultimate justification for virtuous conduct. Whereas Jane Eyre can ultimately be read as a “Victorian romance” which preaches reason in the name of social order, by replacing the traditional happy ending by an unhappy ending in which virtue is punished and by foregrounding the disastrous effects of suppressing passion in the name of reason or self in the name of the other, Brookner announces the end of a philosophical humanistic tradition in which the subject / object or self / other opposition gives rise to a host of binary oppositions, the notion of centre validating the dominance of one of the terms of the hierarchy.

  16. Creative (misreading? Paula Rego’s Jane Eyre Jane Eyre vue par Paula Rego : de l’art de la (mauvaise lecture créatrice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurent Bury

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available En 2002, l’artiste britannique d’origine portugaise Paula Rego a créé une série de vingt-cinq lithographies inspirées par Jane Eyre. Ces œuvres ont connu une popularité immédiate, malgré leur interprétation peu orthodoxe du roman de Charlotte Brontë. Les gravures de Paula Rego ont ainsi pu être qualifiées d’ « anti-illustrations » ou de « méta-images », mais cet article les considère comme une forme graphique de « lecture créative », voire de « mauvaise lecture créative », puisque l’on pourrait soupçonner Paula Rego d’avoir délibérément « mal lu » le roman. Cependant, dans sa relation avec les textes antérieurs, Charlotte Brontë elle-même était adepte de la « mauvaise lecture », ou du moins aimait à induire le lecteur en erreur.

  17. Aircraft observations and model simulations of concentration and particle size distribution in the Eyjafjallajökull volcanic ash cloud

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. F. Dacre

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The Eyjafjallajökull volcano in Iceland emitted a cloud of ash into the atmosphere during April and May 2010. Over the UK the ash cloud was observed by the FAAM BAe-146 Atmospheric Research Aircraft which was equipped with in-situ probes measuring the concentration of volcanic ash carried by particles of varying sizes. The UK Met Office Numerical Atmospheric-dispersion Modelling Environment (NAME has been used to simulate the evolution of the ash cloud emitted by the Eyjafjallajökull volcano during the period 4–18 May 2010. In the NAME simulations the processes controlling the evolution of the concentration and particle size distribution include sedimentation and deposition of particles, horizontal dispersion and vertical wind shear. For travel times between 24 and 72 h, a 1/t relationship describes the evolution of the concentration at the centre of the ash cloud and the particle size distribution remains fairly constant. Although NAME does not represent the effects of microphysical processes, it can capture the observed decrease in concentration with travel time in this period. This suggests that, for this eruption, microphysical processes play a small role in determining the evolution of the distal ash cloud. Quantitative comparison with observations shows that NAME can simulate the observed column-integrated mass if around 4% of the total emitted mass is assumed to be transported as far as the UK by small particles (< 30 μm diameter. NAME can also simulate the observed particle size distribution if a distal particle size distribution that contains a large fraction of < 10 μm diameter particles is used, consistent with the idea that phraetomagmatic volcanoes, such as Eyjafjallajökull, emit very fine particles.

  18. Late Holocene and modern glacier changes in the marginal zone of Sólheimajökull, South Iceland

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schomacker, Anders; Benediktsson, Ívar Örn; Ingólfsson, Ólafur

    2012-01-01

    The forefield of the Sólheimajökull outlet glacier, South Iceland, has a variety of glacial landforms and sediments that are products of late Holocene and modern glacier oscillations. Several sets of moraine ridges reflect past ice front positions and river-cut sedimentary sections provide inform...... the last 50 years. The glacier margin thickened 70-100 m from 1960 to 1996 and then thinned 120-150 m between 1996 and 2010. In 2010, the glacier snout was 20-40 m thinner than in 1960. Additionally, the DEM time-series detect areas of erosion and deposition in the forefield....

  19. Behavioural Susceptibility Theory: Professor Jane Wardle and the Role of Appetite in Genetic Risk of Obesity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Llewellyn, Clare H; Fildes, Alison

    2017-03-01

    There is considerable variability in human body weight, despite the ubiquity of the 'obesogenic' environment. Human body weight has a strong genetic basis and it has been hypothesised that genetic susceptibility to the environment explains variation in human body weight, with differences in appetite being implicated as the mediating mechanism; so-called 'behavioural susceptibility theory' (BST), first described by Professor Jane Wardle. This review summarises the evidence for the role of appetite as a mediator of genetic risk of obesity. Variation in appetitive traits is observable from infancy, drives early weight gain and is highly heritable in infancy and childhood. Obesity-related common genetic variants identified through genome-wide association studies show associations with appetitive traits, and appetite mediates part of the observed association between genetic risk and adiposity. Obesity results from an interaction between genetic susceptibility to overeating and exposure to an 'obesogenic' food environment.

  20. PERBINCANGAN MENGENAI HUKUMAN MATI TERKAIT KASUS BALI NINE DAN MARY JANE DALAM SITUS JEJARING SOSIAL TWITTER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jimi Narotama Mahameruaji

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Twitter telah menjadi alat atau media komunikasi yang sangat populer diantara para pengguna Internet. Melalui Twitter, penggunanya dapat berbagi cerita hidup mereka sehari-hari, melakukan perbincangan dengan pengguna lain dan juga mengekspresikan pendapat mereka. Twitter juga dapat dilihat sebagai sebuah wadah untuk melakukan perbincangan politik dan isu-isu publik. Oleh karena itu, peran Twitter terkait partisipasi publik, kampanye, dan pembentukan opini publik kini semakin diperhitungkan (Jungherr, 2015. Fokus penelitian ini tentang perbincangan para pengguna Twitter di Indonesia mengenai peristiwa hukuman mati kasus narkoba Bali Nine dan Mary Jane. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui apa ragam perbincangan yang terjadi di antara para pengguna Twitter Indonesia terkait kasus hukuman mati tersebut, apa argumen yang muncul terkait penolakan maupun dukungan terhadap isu hukuman mati, dan juga siapa saja Twitter Influencer yang berperan dalam isu ini.   DOI: 10.24198/jkk.vol4n1.5

  1. Tornando-se Jane: a individuação retratada em filme

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiza Bontempo e Silva

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Este é um trabalho de fundo explicativo que pretende estabelecer um diálogo entre o filme Becoming Jane (traduzido, no Brasil, como Amor e inocência, de Julian Jarrold, com a concepção junguiana de processo de individuação. Foi observado que o filme faz várias referências à obra de Jung, sendo a trama principal um exemplo (intencional ou não do conceito junguiano de processo de individuação. No filme analisado a personagem principal passa por um processo difícil de descobrimento de si mesma e de confronto com o senso comum, processo também vivido por muitos e essencial para a realização ou formação da personalidade.

  2. Observations of Eyjafjallajökull eruption's plume at Potenza EARLINET station

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mona, Lucia; Amodeo, Aldo; Boselli, Antonella; Cornacchia, Carmela; D'Amico, Guiseppe; Giunta, Aldo; Madonna, Fabio; Pappalardo, Gelsomina

    2010-05-01

    Eyjafjallajökull is one of the smallest glacier in Iceland. After seismic activity recorded during December 2009, a first eruption started on 20 March, between 22:30 and 23:30 UT. After a brief stop, a new phase of the Eyjafjallajökull eruption started around midnight on April 14, where melt penetrated its way to the central crater beneath the glacier. An eruption plume was observed in the early morning on 14 April. Ash loaded eruption plume rose to more than 8 km height, deflected to the East by westerly winds. Eruptive activity continued in the following days until 23 April with variable maximum height (between 8 and 2 km a.s.l.). Until 27 April, a plume is always visible in proximity of the volcano. On 15 April, the eruption plume reaches continental Europe with closure of airspace over large part of Northern Europe. In the following days, airspace was closed also in some regions of Southern Europe. On 15 April, 10:00 UT CNR-IMAA, Potenza distributed an alert to EARLINET stations informing about a large amount of ash is directing towards North-West of Europe. Even if EARLINET is not an operational, but research oriented, network, almost all the EARLINET stations followed the event performing measurements whenever weather conditions allow it. Because of their proximity to the source, England and Scandinavian countries are of course the most involved in the transported ash arrival. Accordingly to the MetOffice forecasts, the ash plume would have to reach Central Europe on 16 April. The transport toward South was almost blocked by the Alps. A different scenario is forecasted by MetOffice for 20-21 April when the arrival of the volcanic plume is forecasted down to the Southern Italy. At CNR-IMAA, the atmospheric observatory (CIAO) followed the event by means of all available instruments, including EARLINET multi-wavelength lidars, cloud-radar, microwave profiler and AERONET sun-photometer. Low clouds and rain did not permit measurements over Potenza for the period

  3. Cause of Death in “John Doe & Jane Doe”: A 5 year review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dasari, Harish; Singh, Amandeep

    2014-01-01

    Sometimes the opinion regarding the cause of death in “John Doe or Jane Doe” i.e. on unknown dead bodies is a test of ability of the forensic expert and on many occasions it yields little or no results. Here the identification of the body as such poses problems; rest aside the opinion regarding the cause/ manner of death. The present 5yr study was undertaken in the Department of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, Government Medical College & Hospital, Chandigarh to find the patterns of cause of death in unknown dead bodies, as very little literature is available with regard to John Doe or Jane Doe cases as a group, in India. Unidentified bodies comprised 4 % of the total 3165 cases brought for post-mortem examination to the department. Maximum cases belonged to the age group 41 - 50 years, 30 %. Majority of the opinions regarding the cause of death were given as “no definite opinion” (31%), followed by “cranio-cerebral damage” (30 %) and coronary insufficiency/ Cardiac disease/ aortic aneurysm rupture, (8.9%). Following measures should be undertaken to increase the chances of getting these unknown bodies identified and thereby increasing the chances of arriving at a definite cause of death: drafting of additional legislation for the management of unidentified dead bodies along with streamlining of work on the part of police, use of active investigation and modern investigative techniques, fixing the accountability of the police. Internet based sites of the police like ZIPNET (Zonal Integrated Police Networking) in Northern India, should also be used. PMID:25302219

  4. Is the Whipple procedure harmful for long-term outcome in treatment of chronic pancreatitis? 15-years follow-up comparing the outcome after pylorus-preserving pancreatoduodenectomy and Frey procedure in chronic pancreatitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bachmann, Kai; Tomkoetter, Lena; Kutup, Asad; Erbes, Johannes; Vashist, Yogesh; Mann, Oliver; Bockhorn, Maximilian; Izbicki, Jakob R

    2013-11-01

    The aim of this study was to report on 15-year long-term results of a randomized controlled trial comparing extended drainage procedure (Frey) and classical resectional procedure [pylorus-preserving pancreatoduodenectomy (PD)] in patients with chronic pancreatitis. Chronic pancreatitis is a common inflammatory disease with a prevalence of 10 to 30 cases per 100,000 inhabitants. It is characterized by the progressive conversion of pancreatic parenchyma to fibrous tissue. Different surgical procedures are used in treatment of persistent pain. Sixty-four patients suffering from chronic pancreatitis with inflammatory mass in the pancreatic head were randomly assigned in 2 treatment groups (PD, n = 32) and (Frey, n = 32). The perioperative course of the randomized controlled trial and the 7 years follow-up have been previously published. All participating patients were contacted with a standardized, validated questionnaire (EORTC QLQ C30) to evaluate the long-term survival, quality-of-life pain, and exocrine and endocrine function. In the 15-year long-term follow-up, the pain control was good and comparable between both groups, but the quality of life was better after Frey procedure in regard of the physical status [PD: 100 (0-100) vs PD: 60 (0-100) (P = 0.011)]. No significant differences in terms of the Pain Score were detected between both groups [PD: 7 (0-100) vs Frey 4 (0-100) P = 0.258]. Seven patients after Frey OP and 6 patients after PD were free of pain. Analyzing the postoperative overall survival, a higher long-term mortality was found after PD (53%) than that found after Frey procedure (30%) resulting in a longer mean survival (14.5 ± 0.8 vs 11.3 ± 0.8 years; P = 0.037). No correlation between endocrine or exocrine pancreatic function and pain was found, whereas continuous alcohol consumption was associated with poorer outcome regarding quality of life (P treatment of chronic pancreatitis.

  5. Kontoririietus võiks säilitada inimese isikupära / Kristina Herodes, Lana Vallo, Janeli Salumets ; intervjueerinud Mirjam Simmer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Herodes, Kristina, 1976-

    2011-01-01

    Tallinna Kaubamaja loovjuhti Kristina Herodese, jumestuskunstniku Lana Vallo ja Goldwelli turundusjuhi Janeli Salumetsa soovitusi kontoritöötajate ja töövestlusele minejate rõivastuse, jumestuse ja soengute osas

  6. Evidence for Subglacial Deformation and Deposition during a Complete Advance-Stagnation Cycle of Kötlujökull, Iceland – A Case Study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Klint, K E S; Richardt, N; Krüger, Johannes

    2010-01-01

    A geological section, 70 m long and 3–4 m high, cut into dead-ice moraine in front of Kötlujökull, has been described. Five-sediment associations were recognized representing (1) proglacial glacio-fluvial sedimentation, (2) deposition and deformation in ice-marginal environment, (3) subglacial...

  7. Volume changes of Vatnajökull ice cap, Iceland, due to surface mass balance, ice flow, and subglacial melting at geothermal areas

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Magnússon, Eyjólfur; Björnson, Helgi; Dall, Jørgen

    2005-01-01

    We present observed changes in the geometry of western Vatnajökull over a period of about ten years which are caused by the surface mass balance, ice flow (both during surges and quiescent periods), and basal melting due to geothermal and volcanic activity. Comparison of two digital elevation...

  8. THE INFLUENCE OF SOCIAL STATUS AND SOLIDARITY TO THE QUANTITY OF UTTERANCES IN JANE AUSTEN’S NOVELS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Citra Suryanovika

    2018-03-01

    Fokus penelitian pada ujaran yang disampaikan oleh tokoh utama perempuan dalam enam novel Jane Austen. Penelitian bertujuan menelaah pengaruh status sosial dan solidaritas pada kuantitas ujaran. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan 1,738 dengan rincian 266 ujaran Elinor Dashwood, 368 ujaran Elizabeth Bennet, 194 ujaran Fanny Price, 473 ujaran Emma Woodhouse, 113 ujaran Anne Elliot, and 324 ujaran Catherine Morland. Berdasarkan peringkat, status sosial tinggi Emma Woodhouse menghasilkan jumlah ujaran paling banyak, dibandingkan dengan lima tokoh lainnya, namun Fanny Price dengan status sosial paling bawah berada di peringkat kelima dari enam tokoh yang ditelaah. Telaah keakraban menunjukkan 66,7% jumlah ujaran dengan skala solidaritas tinggi, dan 33,3% ujaran dengan skala solidaritas rendah. Berdasarkan hasil analisa, dapat disimpulkan bahwa penentu kuantitas ujaran bukan hanya ditentukan oleh status sosial dan solidaritas karakter, tapi juga ditentukan oleh ketertarikan dan rasa penasaran. Kata kunci: Status Sosial, Skala Solidaritas, Ujaran, Jane Austen.

  9. Detection and characterization of volcanic ash plumes over Lille during the Eyjafjallajökull eruption

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    A. Mortier

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Routine sun-photometer and micro-lidar measurements were performed in Lille, northern France, in April and May 2010 during the Eyjafjallajökull volcanic eruption. The impact of such an eruption emphasized significance of hazards for human activities and importance of observations of the volcanic aerosol particles. This paper presents the main results of a joint micro-lidar/sun-photometer analysis performed in Lille, where volcanic ash plumes were observed during at least 22 days, whenever weather conditions permitted. Aerosol properties retrieved from automatic sun-photometer measurements (AERONET were strongly changed during the volcanic aerosol plumes transport over Lille. In most cases, the aerosol optical depth (AOD increased, whereas Ångström exponent decreased, thus indicating coarse-mode dominance in the volume size distribution. Moreover, the non-spherical fraction retrieved by AERONET significantly increased. The real part of the complex refractive index was up to 1.55 at 440 nm during the eruption, compared to background data of about 1.46 before the eruption. Collocated lidar data revealed that several aerosol layers were present between 2 and 5 km, all originating from the Iceland region as confirmed by backward trajectories. The volcanic ash AOD was derived from lidar extinction profiles and sun-photometer AOD, and its maximum was estimated around 0.37 at 532 nm on 18 April 2010. This value was observed at an altitude of 1700 m and corresponds to an ash mass concentration (AMC slightly higher than 1000 μg m−3 (±50%. An effective lidar ratio of ash particles of 48 sr was retrieved at 532 nm for 17 April during the early stages of the eruption, a value which agrees with several other studies carried out on this topic. Even though the accuracy of the retrievals is not as high as that obtained from reference multiwavelength lidar systems, this study demonstrates the opportunity of micro-lidar and sun-photometer joint data

  10. La felicidad como represión: orden y desorden en Jane Eyre y El vasto mar de los Sargazos

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    Mónica Roesel

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Este ensayo traza las historias de Jane Eyre, protagonista de la novela homónima (Charlotte Brontë 1847, y Antoinette Cosway, protagonista de El vasto mar de los Sargazos (Jean Rhys 1966. Son historias paralelas de abandono y búsquedas fallidas que convergen en un punto: Edward Rochester. Se sugiere que el final feliz de Jane y el final trágico de Antoinette están determinados por la imposibilidad del etos victoriano, encarnado en Rochester, de aceptar el caos: el desorden que representa Antoinette —desorden de la alteridad— debe ser sometido. La represión, entonces, aparece como única posibilidad de existencia. This essay traces the stories of Jane Eyre, the heroine of the homonymous novel (Charlotte Brontë, 1847, and Antoinette Cosway, the heroine of Wide Sargasso Sea (Jean Rhys, 1966. These parallel stories of abandonment and failed searches converge in one point: Edward Rochester. It is suggested that Jane’s happy ending and Antoinette’s tragic ending are both determined by the impossibility of the Victorian ethos, personified in Rochester, to accept chaos: the disorder represented by Antoinette —disorder of alterity— must be tamed. Repression, then, appears as the sole possibility of existence.

  11. ERNEST J. GAINES’S MISS JANE PITTMAN: A SYMBOL OF THE BLACK FEMALE ABOLITIONIST STRUGGLE / « MADEMOISELLE JANE PITTMAN » D'ERNEST J. GAINES: UN SYMBOLE DE LA LUTTE ABOLITIONNISTE MENÉE PAR LES FEMMES DE COULEUR / "DOMNIŞOARA JANE PITTMAN” DE ERNEST J. GAINES: SIMBOL AL LUPTEI ABOLIŢIONISTE DUSE DE FEMEILE DE CULOARE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ettien Yapo

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The Autobiography of Miss Jane Pittman by Ernest J. Gaines is a testimony of the black female abolitionist struggle. Its protagonist, Miss Jane Pittman, whose life covers the Civil War period (1861-1865 and the 1960s, embodies the African American women’s experience through her own story. As Ernest J. Gaines gives her the voice to relate her life experience, she reflects on her being and at the same time, she constructs her identity which reveals her heroism. Her struggle for freedom turns around her participation in the Civil War and the Civil Rights Movement. But her attempt to reach the North after the Civil War remains an important fact of her struggle. As a symbol of the black female abolitionist struggle, her “autobiography” is the voiceless African American women’s point of view.

  12. Four-dimensional distribution of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic cloud over Europe observed by EARLINET

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    G. Pappalardo

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The eruption of the Icelandic volcano Eyjafjallajökull in April–May 2010 represents a "natural experiment" to study the impact of volcanic emissions on a continental scale. For the first time, quantitative data about the presence, altitude, and layering of the volcanic cloud, in conjunction with optical information, are available for most parts of Europe derived from the observations by the European Aerosol Research Lidar NETwork (EARLINET. Based on multi-wavelength Raman lidar systems, EARLINET is the only instrument worldwide that is able to provide dense time series of high-quality optical data to be used for aerosol typing and for the retrieval of particle microphysical properties as a function of altitude. In this work we show the four-dimensional (4-D distribution of the Eyjafjallajökull volcanic cloud in the troposphere over Europe as observed by EARLINET during the entire volcanic event (15 April–26 May 2010. All optical properties directly measured (backscatter, extinction, and particle linear depolarization ratio are stored in the EARLINET database available at http://www.earlinet.org. A specific relational database providing the volcanic mask over Europe, realized ad hoc for this specific event, has been developed and is available on request at http://www.earlinet.org. During the first days after the eruption, volcanic particles were detected over Central Europe within a wide range of altitudes, from the upper troposphere down to the local planetary boundary layer (PBL. After 19 April 2010, volcanic particles were detected over southern and south-eastern Europe. During the first half of May (5–15 May, material emitted by the Eyjafjallajökull volcano was detected over Spain and Portugal and then over the Mediterranean and the Balkans. The last observations of the event were recorded until 25 May in Central Europe and in the Eastern Mediterranean area. The 4-D distribution of volcanic aerosol layering and optical properties on

  13. JANE JACOBS. “MUERTE Y VIDA DE LAS GRANDES CIUDADES”

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    José Altés Bustelo

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available La primera edición de este libro apareció en 1961 en Nueva York. (Random House Inc. Edit.. Y la primera traducción en castellano, de Angel Abad, apareció en España sorprendentemente pronto, en enero de 1967, editada por Península. (Ediciones 62, Barcelona.El texto de Jane Jacobs se inicia con su ya famosa frase: "Este libro es un ataque contra las teorías más usuales sobre urbanización y reconstrucción de ciudades,..." advertencia insólita, aunque innecesaria si uno continua leyendo.Fruto de la experiencia directa, atenta, sensible, perspicaz, abierta a la observación y marcada por el amor y compromiso con su ciudad, Nueva York, y sus convecinos, y contrastada con minuciosos análisis en múltiples otras ciudades, J.J. nos desgrana una extensa cadena de reflexiones sobre la experiencia vivida de la realidad cotidiana en las distintas escalas de la ciudad: calle, barriada, distrito, sus límites y fronteras, parques y vacíos, comunicaciones, etc., y la constatación detallada del fracaso, siempre, en la acción de políticos, planificadores y arquitectos

  14. Odd complaints and doubtful conditions: norms of hypochondria in Jane Austen and Catherine Belling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, James Lindemann

    2014-06-01

    In her final fragmentary novel Sanditon, Jane Austen develops a theme that pervades her work from her juvenilia onward: illness, and in particular, illness imagined, invented, or self-inflicted. While the "invention of odd complaints" is characteristically a token of folly or weakness throughout her writing, in this last work imagined illness is also both a symbol and a cause of how selves and societies degenerate. In the shifting world of Sanditon, hypochondria is the lubricant for a society bent on turning health into a commodity. As a result, people's rationality and their moral character come under attack. Catherine Belling's recent subtle study, A Condition of Doubt: The Meanings of Hypochondria, unveils hypochondria's discursive and cultural character. Running sharply against the tenor of Austen's treatment, however, she argues in defense of the rationality of hypochondriacs; the notion that the condition may involve morally significant defects is not entertained; any connection to the commercialization of health care is muted. Here, I contrast Austen's morally and epistemically negative rendering of her hypochondriacal characters in Sanditon with Belling's efforts to create a sympathetic understanding of people with hypochondria. I will argue that, despite time gaps and genre differences, joint consideration of these texts can help bioethicists better appreciate how medicine can intensify, pathologize, and exploit anxieties about illness and death, thus adding to the challenges of living well in the face of mortality and morbidity.

  15. Mary Jane Hogue (1883-1962): A pioneer in human brain tissue culture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zottoli, Steven J; Seyfarth, Ernst-August

    2018-05-16

    The ability to maintain human brain explants in tissue culture was a critical step in the use of these cells for the study of central nervous system disorders. Ross G. Harrison (1870-1959) was the first to successfully maintain frog medullary tissue in culture in 1907, but it took another 38 years before successful culture of human brain tissue was accomplished. One of the pioneers in this achievement was Mary Jane Hogue (1883-1962). Hogue was born into a Quaker family in 1883 in West Chester, Pennsylvania, and received her undergraduate degree from Goucher College in Baltimore, Maryland. Research with the developmental biologist Theodor Boveri (1862-1915) in Würzburg, Germany, resulted in her Ph.D. (1909). Hogue transitioned from studying protozoa to the culture of human brain tissue in the 1940s and 1950s, when she was one of the first to culture cells from human fetal, infant, and adult brain explants. We review Hogue's pioneering contributions to the study of human brain cells in culture, her putative identification of progenitor neuroblast and/or glioblast cells, and her use of the cultures to study the cytopathogenic effects of poliovirus. We also put Hogue's work in perspective by discussing how other women pioneers in tissue culture influenced Hogue and her research.

  16. Janeites for a New Millennium: The Modernisation of Jane Austen on Film

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elzette Steenkamp

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available The late twentieth century saw a surge in cinematic adaptations of Jane Austen’s novels, the films generating wide-spread interest and zeal from a new caste of modern-day Janeites, many of whom were previously unfamiliar with Austen’s work. While the notion of a Janeite culture based purely on motion picture renditions of the original novels is sure to displease literary purists, the purpose of this discussion is not to initiate a debate regarding our responsibility to remain faithful to Austen in her original form. Rather, this article identifies the type of cinematic alterations and emphases which render Austen films more appealing to a certain group of modern-day Janeites. It will be argued that modern-day audiences’ demand for recognisably modern protagonists necessitates the modernization of Austen on film. Thus, cinematic adaptations tend to emphasize Austen’s nascent feminism, re-imagining her heroines as more fiercely independent, lively and witty than their original incarnations. Through additional scenes, altered dialogue and substantial changes to the characters, film producers not only highlight the plight of women in the early nineteenth century, but also circumvent such restrictions by allowing their female protagonists the degree of independence demanded by modern-day audiences.

  17. Adaptation-induced Tourism for Consumers of Literature on Screen: the Experience of Jane Austen Fans

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maddalena Pennacchia

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available My aim in this article is that of starting to relate the expanding research field of adaptation studies to the subject area of film-induced tourism. Adaptations are a specific typology of films: that is, films whose story was not originally intended for the screen but, more often than not, for the written page, and has, therefore, been ‘translated’ into a new medium. The phenomenon of adaptation has been at the center of a heated debate for a few years now, but the specific link between adaptation and tourism has not yet been studied in its own right. In my article I question why and how adaptations of literary texts for the screen can induce a desire to visit film locations (actual geographical places in readers who are also inclined to enjoy the experience of “literature on screen”. In order to do this, I focus on the case study of adaptations from Jane Austen’s novels and on a specific kind of tourists, the so called ‘Janeites’, or Austen fans.

  18. Fractionation and Mobility of Thallium in Volcanic Ashes after Eruption of Eyjafjallajökull (2010) in Iceland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karbowska, Bozena; Zembrzuski, Wlodzimierz

    2016-07-01

    Volcanic ash contains thallium (Tl), which is highly toxic to the biosphere. The aim of this study was to determine the Tl concentration in fractions of volcanic ash samples originating from the Eyjafjallajökull volcano. A sequential extraction scheme allowed for a study of element migration in the environment. Differential pulse anodic stripping voltammetry using a flow measuring system was selected as the analytical method to determine Tl content. The highest average content of Tl in volcanic ash was determined in the fraction entrapped in the aluminosilicate matrix (0.329 µg g(-1)), followed by the oxidizable fraction (0.173 µg g(-1)). The lowest content of Tl was found in the water soluble fraction (0.001 µg g(-1)); however, this fraction is important due to the fact that Tl redistribution among all the fractions occurs through the aqueous phase.

  19. The Wheal Jane wetlands model for bioremediation of acid mine drainage

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Whitehead, P.G.; Cosby, B.J.; Prior, H.

    2005-01-01

    Acid mine drainage (AMD) is a widespread environmental problem associated with both working and abandoned mining operations. As part of an overall strategy to determine a long-term treatment option for AMD, a pilot passive treatment plant was constructed in 1994 at Wheal Jane Mine in Cornwall, UK. The plant consists of three separate systems, each containing aerobic reed beds, anaerobic cell and rock filters, and represents the largest European experimental facility of its kind. The systems only differ by the type of pretreatment utilised to increase the pH of the influent minewater (pH <4): lime dosed (LD), anoxic limestone drain (ALD) and lime free (LF), which receives no form of pretreatment. Historical data (1994-1997) indicate median Fe reduction between 55% and 92%, sulphate removal in the range of 3-38% and removal of target metals (cadmium, copper and zinc) below detection limits, depending on pretreatment and flow rates through the system. A new model to simulate the processes and dynamics of the wetlands systems is described, as well as the application of the model to experimental data collected at the pilot plant. The model is process based, and utilises reaction kinetic approaches based on experimental microbial techniques rather than an equilibrium approach to metal precipitation. The model is dynamic and utilises numerical integration routines to solve a set of differential equations that describe the behaviour of 20 variables over the 17 pilot plant cells on a daily basis. The model outputs at each cell boundary are evaluated and compared with the measured data, and the model is demonstrated to provide a good representation of the complex behaviour of the wetland system for a wide range of variables

  20. Composition and evolution of volcanic aerosol from eruptions of Kasatochi, Sarychev and Eyjafjallajökull in 2008–2010 based on CARIBIC observations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. M. Andersson

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Large volcanic eruptions impact significantly on climate and lead to ozone depletion due to injection of particles and gases into the stratosphere where their residence times are long. In this the composition of volcanic aerosol is an important but inadequately studied factor. Samples of volcanically influenced aerosol were collected following the Kasatochi (Alaska, Sarychev (Russia and also during the Eyjafjallajökull (Iceland eruptions in the period 2008–2010. Sampling was conducted by the CARIBIC platform during regular flights at an altitude of 10–12 km as well as during dedicated flights through the volcanic clouds from the eruption of Eyjafjallajökull in spring 2010. Elemental concentrations of the collected aerosol were obtained by accelerator-based analysis. Aerosol from the Eyjafjallajökull volcanic clouds was identified by high concentrations of sulphur and elements pointing to crustal origin, and confirmed by trajectory analysis. Signatures of volcanic influence were also used to detect volcanic aerosol in stratospheric samples collected following the Sarychev and Kasatochi eruptions. In total it was possible to identify 17 relevant samples collected between 1 and more than 100 days following the eruptions studied. The volcanically influenced aerosol mainly consisted of ash, sulphate and included a carbonaceous component. Samples collected in the volcanic cloud from Eyjafjallajökull were dominated by the ash and sulphate component (∼45% each while samples collected in the tropopause region and LMS mainly consisted of sulphate (50–77% and carbon (21–43%. These fractions were increasing/decreasing with the age of the aerosol. Because of the long observation period, it was possible to analyze the evolution of the relationship between the ash and sulphate components of the volcanic aerosol. From this analysis the residence time (1/e of sulphur dioxide in the studied volcanic cloud was estimated to be 45 ± 22 days.

  1. Tratamento cirúrgico da pancreatite crônica com a técnica de F rey: panorama atual Surgical treatment of chronic pancreatitis with frey procedure: current situation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martinho Antonio Gestic

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: A pancreatite crônica é desordem inflamatória progressiva caracterizada pela destruição irreversível do parênquima pancreático, podendo estar associada à dor crônica incapacitante e perda permanente da função endócrina e exócrina. A principal indicação cirúrgica é a dor abdominal intratável e a escolha da melhor técnica a ser empregada permanece um desafio. A técnica descrita por Frey conseguiu combinar a eficácia no controle da dor das operações de ressecção com as baixas taxas de mortalidade e morbidade das derivativas. OBJETIVO: Comparar e discutir os resultados do tratamento cirúrgico da pancreatite crônica com a técnica de Frey. MÉTODOS: Revisão bibliográfica de 276 artigos científicos disponíveis no Medline/Pubmed e no banco de dados de teses nacionais com os descritores pancreatite crônica, tratamento cirúrgico e cirurgia de Frey. Foram selecionados os 30 artigos de maior importância e que relataram maior experiência com esta opção cirúrgica. CONCLUSÕES: A técnica de Frey demonstra ser opção de alta efetividade no controle da dor abdominal secundária à pancreatite crônica no longo prazo naqueles pacientes com dor abdominal incapacitante e aumento volumétrico da cabeça pancreática, com menores taxas de morbidade e mortalidade. Os estudos demonstraram pequena interferência da técnica na deterioração das funções endócrina e exócrina.INTRODUCTION: Chronic pancreatitis is a progressive inflammatory disorder characterized by irreversible destruction of pancreatic parenchyma and may be associated with disabling chronic pain and permanent loss of endocrine and exocrine function. Main indication for surgery is intractable abdominal pain and choosing the best technique to be used for a patient remains a challenge. The technique described by Frey combines the effectiveness of pain control characteristic of resection surgery with low mortality and morbidity of derivative

  2. Volcanic-Ash Hazards to Aviation—Changes and Challenges since the 2010 Eruption of Eyjafjallajökull, Iceland

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guffanti, M.; Tupper, A.; Mastin, L. G.; Lechner, P.

    2012-12-01

    In response to the severe disruptions to civil aviation that resulted from atmospheric transport of ash from the eruption of Eyjafjallajökull volcano in Iceland in April and May 2010, the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) quickly formed the International Volcanic Ash Task Force (IVATF), charging it to support the accelerated development of a global risk-management framework for volcanic-ash hazards to aviation. Recognizing the need for scientifically based advice on best methods to detect ash in the atmosphere and depict zones of hazardous airspace, the IVATF sought input from the global scientific community, primarily by means of the Volcanic Ash Scientific Advisory Group which was established in May 2010 by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics to serve as a scientific resource for ICAO. The IVATF finished its work in June 2012 (see http://www.icao.int/safety/meteorology/ivatf/Pages/default.aspx for a record of its results). A major science-based outcome is that production of charts depicting areas of airspace expected to have specific ash-concentration values (e.g. 4 mg/cu. m) will not be required of the world's nine Volcanic Ash Advisory Centers (VAACs). The VAACs are responsible for issuing warning information to the aviation sector regarding ash-cloud position and expected movement. Forecast concentrations in these charts are based primarily on dispersion models that have at least an order of magnitude in uncertainty in their output and therefore do not delineate hazardous airspace with the level of confidence needed by the aviation sector. The recommended approach to improving model-forecast accuracy is to assimilate diverse observations (e.g., satellite thermal-infrared measurements, lidar, radar, direct airborne sampling, visual sightings, etc.) into model simulations; doing that during an eruption in the demanding environment of aviation operations is a substantial challenge. A

  3. Using the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull eruption as an example of citizen involvement in scientific research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klemetti, E. W.

    2010-12-01

    With the dramatic increase in realtime data for volcano monitoring (and many other earth science data) available on the internet, the interest in data analysis and observation by untrained citizens is increasing rapidly. These volcanologic data sources include, but are not limited to, seismic information, webicorders, webcams, GPS, water and gas fluxes. The easy access to these data has allowed not only for the public to see the raw data that volcanologists use to assess and predict activity of a volcanic system, but also to actively participate in the process of volcano monitoring. This can be manifested in activities such observation of the changes in volcanic behavior via webcams to manipulation of seismic data to analyze for changes in the character of the seismicity. However, the biggest challenge for citizen analysis and participation in volcano monitoring is providing guidance and structure for these data as they are presented on the internet. The 2010 eruption of Eyjafjallajökull in Iceland provided an opportunity to observe and develop a community of “citizen scientists” interested in volcano monitoring on the internet. The readers of the volcano blog Eruptions followed the pre-, during and post-eruptive activity at Eyjafjallajökull while providing observations and data interpretations as time-stamped comments. During the eruption, the blog was viewed over 1,000,000 times and over 3,000 comments were left by readers. Many of these comments contained: (1) detailed descriptions of the current activity of the volcano as observed on the webcams; (2) observations on changes in seismicity as seen in realtime data provided by the Icelandic Meteorological Office and (3); reader-created compilations of various data in the form of images, tables of movies. By moderating the blog comments and providing corrections and insight to their observations, the readers felt that they were participating in an important way to the monitoring and recording of this historic

  4. Ice nucleation properties of fine ash particles from the Eyjafjallajökull eruption in April 2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. Steinke

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available During the eruption of the Eyjafjallajökull volcano in the south of Iceland in April/May 2010, about 40 Tg of ash mass were emitted into the atmosphere. It was unclear whether volcanic ash particles with d < 10 μm facilitate the glaciation of clouds. Thus, ice nucleation properties of volcanic ash particles were investigated in AIDA (Aerosol Interaction and Dynamics in the Atmosphere cloud chamber experiments simulating atmospherically relevant conditions. The ash sample that was used for our experiments had been collected at a distance of 58 km from the Eyjafjallajökull during the eruption period in April 2010. The temperature range covered by our ice nucleation experiments extended from 219 to 264 K, and both ice nucleation via immersion freezing and deposition nucleation could be observed. Immersion freezing was first observed at 252 K, whereas the deposition nucleation onset lay at 242 K and RHice =126%. About 0.1% of the volcanic ash particles were active as immersion freezing nuclei at a temperature of 249 K. For deposition nucleation, an ice fraction of 0.1% was observed at around 233 K and RHice =116%. Taking ice-active surface site densities as a measure for the ice nucleation efficiency, volcanic ash particles are similarly efficient ice nuclei in immersion freezing mode (ns,imm ~ 109 m−2 at 247 K compared to certain mineral dusts. For deposition nucleation, the observed ice-active surface site densities ns,dep were found to be 1011 m−2 at 224 K and RHice =116%. Thus, volcanic ash particles initiate deposition nucleation more efficiently than Asian and Saharan dust but appear to be poorer ice nuclei than ATD particles. Based on the experimental data, we have derived ice-active surface site densities as a function of temperature for immersion freezing and of relative humidity over ice and temperature for

  5. Long-term health of children following the Eyjafjallajökull volcanic eruption: a prospective cohort study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hlodversdottir, Heidrun; Thorsteinsdottir, Harpa; Thordardottir, Edda Bjork; Njardvik, Urdur; Petursdottir, Gudrun; Hauksdottir, Arna

    2018-01-01

    Background : More than 500 million people worldwide live within exposure range of an active volcano and children are a vulnerable subgroup of such exposed populations. However, studies on the effects of volcanic eruptions on children's health beyond the first year are sparse. Objective : To examine the effect of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull eruption on physical and mental health symptoms among exposed children in 2010 and 2013 and to identify potential predictive factors for symptoms. Method : In a population-based prospective cohort study, data was collected on the adult population ( N  = 1615) exposed to the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull eruption and a non-exposed group ( N  = 697). The exposed group was further divided according to exposure level. All participants answered questionnaires assessing their children´s and their own perceived health status in 2010 and 2013. Results : In 2010, exposed children were more likely than non-exposed children to experience respiratory symptoms (medium exposed OR 1.47; 95% CI 1.07-2.03; high exposed OR 1.52; 95% CI 1.03-2.24) and anxiety/worries (medium exposed OR 2.39; 95% CI 1.67-3.45; high exposed OR 2.77; 95% CI 1.81-4.27). Both genders had an increased risk of symptoms of anxiety/worries but only exposed boys were at increased risk of experiencing headaches and sleep disturbances compared to non-exposed boys. Within the exposed group, children whose homes were damaged were at increased risk of experiencing anxiety/worries (OR 1.62; 95% CI 1.13-2.32) and depressed mood (OR 1.55; 95% CI 1.07-2.24) than children whose homes were not damaged. Among exposed children, no significant decrease of symptoms was detected between 2010 and 2013. Conclusions : Adverse physical and mental health problems experienced by the children exposed to the eruption seem to persist for up to a three-year period post-disaster. These results underline the importance of appropriate follow-up for children after a natural disaster.

  6. La influencia de la Postmodernidad en Orgullo y Prejuicio (1813: Persiguiendo a Jane Austen (2008, Dan Zeff.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irene Romero González

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Las novelas de Jane Austen siguen inspirando nuevos relatos cinematográficos pues éstos toman sus historias o sus personajes y los adaptan a contextos culturales y axiológicos actuales de gran diversidad. Es el caso de la novela de Orgullo y Prejuicio de la que se han realizado numerosas adaptaciones clásicas, así como que ha sido objeto de referencia en películas, en trabajos literarios y de adaptaciones postmodernas. Uno de estos trabajos postmodernos es Persiguiendo a Jane Austen una serie inglesa que nos adentra en el mundo de la Regencia a través de las vivencias de una mujer contemporánea que descubre una puerta que comunica ambos mundos y que le permite vivir la historia de Austen bajo la piel de Elizabeth Bennet. A lo largo de este trabajo se realizará un análisis comparado entre esta adaptación postmoderna y su referente literario para comprobar cómo influyen las ideas de la Postmodernidad en un clásico de la literatura decimonónica, pues es una tendencia que nos ayuda a replantearnos un periodo de la historia y a reinterpretar el contexto de la novela original a uno distinto y original.  

  7. The Effectiveness of Sternocleidomastoid Flap Versus Superficial Musculoaponeurotic System Flap for the Prevention of Frey Syndrome and Facial Depressed Deformity in Parotid Surgery for Pleomorphic Adenoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manola, Marco; Moscillo, Luca; Simeon, Vittorio; De Luca, Elena; Mastella, Americo

    2018-02-01

    The purpose of this study was to compare 2 types of reconstruction techniques: sternocleidomastoid (SCM) flap and superficial musculoaponeurotic system (SMAS) flap after partial parotidectomy (PP) for preventing Frey syndrome (FS) and concave facial depressed deformity. A total of 99 patients underwent PP for pleomorphic adenoma of the parotid gland. The patients were divided in 2 groups according to the dimension of the tumor: tumors less than 3 cm (group A, 47 patients) and tumors greater than or equal to 3 cm (group B, 52 patients). The patients in the 2 groups were assigned to 3 subgroups: PP without reconstruction (subgroup 1), PP and reconstruction with SMAS flap (subgroup 2), PP, and reconstruction with SCM flap (subgroup 3). In group A, the results of FS subjective symptoms, positivity of Minor starch test, and the median score of cosmetic results assessed with Visual Analogue Scale were as follows: in subgroup 1: 20%, 35%, 6; in subgroup 2: 13.3%, 13,3%, 8; in subgroup 3: 0%, 8.3%, 9. In patients of group B, the results were as follows: 60%, 73.3%, 3 in subgroup 1; 28.5%, 35.7%, 5 in subgroup 2; and 8.6%, 8.6%, 8 in subgroup 3. The study demonstrates a statistical difference (P SCM flap with the subgroup of PP without reconstruction for tumors greater than 3 cm. In tumors less than 3 cm, although there is an improvement of symptoms using SMAS or SCM, there is no statistical significance. The SCM is able to reduce the risk of the onset of both objective and subjective symptoms, whereas SMAS flap has a protective effect only in objective symptoms. The cosmetic results in this study were statistically significant both with SMAS and SCM but when comparing SCM versus SMAS the best results were for SCM.

  8. Building, testing and validating a set of home-made von Frey filaments: a precise, accurate and cost effective alternative for nociception assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Sousa, Marcelo Victor Pires; Ferraresi, Cleber; de Magalhães, Ana Carolina; Yoshimura, Elisabeth Mateus; Hamblin, Michael R

    2014-07-30

    A von Frey filament (vFF) is a type of aesthesiometer usually made of nylon perpendicularly held in a base. It can be used in paw withdrawal pain threshold assessment, one of the most popular tests for pain evaluation using animal models. For this test, a set of filaments, each able to exert a different force, is applied to the animal paw, from the weakest to the strongest, until the paw is withdrawn. We made 20 low cost vFF using nylon filaments of different lengths and constant diameter glued perpendicularly to the ends of popsicle sticks. They were calibrated using a laboratory balance scale. Building and calibrating took around 4h and confirmed the theoretical prediction that the force exerted is inversely proportional to the length and directly proportional to the width of the filament. The calibration showed that they were precise and accurate. We analyzed the paw withdrawal threshold assessed with the set of home-made vFF and with a high quality commercial set of 5 monofilaments vFF (Stoelting, Wood Dale, USA) in two groups (n=5) of healthy mice. The home-made vFF precisely and accurately measured the hind paw withdrawal threshold (20.3±0.9 g). The commercial vFF have different diameters while our set has the same diameter avoiding the problem of lower sensitivity to larger diameter filaments. Building a set of vFF is easy, cost effective, and depending on the kind of tests, can increase precision and accuracy of animal nociception evaluation. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  9. Observations of the altitude of the volcanic plume during the eruption of Eyjafjallajökull, April–May 2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Arason

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The eruption of Eyjafjallajökull volcano in 2010 lasted for 39 days, 14 April–23 May. The eruption had two explosive phases separated by a phase with lava formation and reduced explosive activity. The height of the plume was monitored every 5 min with a C-band weather radar located in Keflavík International Airport, 155 km distance from the volcano. Furthermore, several web cameras were mounted with a view of the volcano, and their images saved every five seconds. Time series of the plume-top altitude were constructed from the radar observations and images from a web camera located in the village Hvolsvöllur at 34 km distance from the volcano. This paper presents the independent radar and web camera time series and performs cross validation. The results show good agreement between the time series for the range when both series are available. However, while the radar altitudes are semi-discrete the data availability was much higher than for the web camera, indicating how essential weather radars are as eruption plume monitoring devices. The echo top radar series of the altitude of the volcanic plume are publicly available from the Pangaea Data Publisher (http://dx.doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.760690.

  10. Lidar observation and model simulation of a volcanic-ash-induced cirrus cloud during the Eyjafjallajökull eruption

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Rolf

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Heterogeneous ice formation induced by volcanic ash from the Eyjafjallajökull volcano eruption in April 2010 is investigated based on the combination of a cirrus cloud observed with a backscatter lidar over Jülich (western Germany and model simulations along backward trajectories. The microphysical properties of the cirrus cloud could only be represented by the microphysical model under the assumption of an enhanced number of efficient ice nuclei originating from the volcanic eruption. The ice nuclei (IN concentration determined by lidar measurements directly before and after cirrus cloud occurrence implies a value of around 0.1 cm−3 (in comparison normal IN conditions: 0.01 cm−3. This leads to a cirrus cloud with rather small ice crystals having a mean radius of 12 μm and a modification of the ice particle number (0.08 cm−3 instead of 3 × 10−4 cm−3 under normal IN conditions. The effectiveness of ice nuclei was estimated by the use of the microphysical model and the backward trajectories based on ECMWF data, establishing a freezing threshold of around 105% relative humidity with respect to ice in a temperature range from −45 to −55 °C . Only with these highly efficient ice nuclei was it possible for the cirrus cloud to be formed in a slightly supersaturated environment.

  11. Pride and prejudice and zombies: The classic Regency romance—Now with ultraviolent zombie mayhem!, by Jane Austen and Seth Grahame-Smith [book review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Craig B. Jacobsen

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Review of Jane Austen and Seth Grahame-Smith. Pride and prejudice and zombies: The classic Regency romance—Now with ultraviolent zombie mayhem! Philadelphia, PA: Quirk Books, 2009. $12.95 (320p ISBN 978-1594743344.

  12. Climatic implications of glacial evolution in the Tröllaskagi peninsula (northern Iceland) since the Little Ice Age maximum. The cases of the Gljúfurárjökull and Tungnahryggsjökull glaciers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernández-Fernández, José M.; Andrés, Nuria; Brynjólfsson, Skafti; Sæmundsson, Þorsteinn; Palacios, David

    2017-04-01

    The Tröllaskagi peninsula is located in northern Iceland, between meridians 19°30'W and 18°10'W, jutting out into the North Atlantic to latitude 66°12'N and joining the central highlands to the south. About 150 glaciers located on the Tröllaskagi peninsula reached their Holocene maximum extent during the Little Ice Age (LIA) maximum at the end of the 19th century. The sudden warming at the turn of the 20th century triggered a continuous retreat from the LIA maximum positions, interrupted by a reversal trend during the mid-seventies and eighties in response to a brief period of climate cooling. The aim of this paper is to analyze the relationships between glacial and climatic evolution since the LIA maximum. For this reason, we selected three small debris-free glaciers: Gljúfurárjökull, and western and eastern Tungnahryggsjökull, at the headwalls of Skíðadalur and Kolbeinsdalur, as their absence of debris cover makes them sensitive to climatic fluctuations. To achieve this purpose, we used ArcGIS to map the glacier extent during the LIA maximum and several dates over four georeferenced aerial photos (1946, 1985, 1994 and 2000), as well as a 2005 SPOT satellite image. Then, the Equilibrium-Line Altitude (ELA) was calculated by applying the Accumulation Area Ratio (AAR) and Area Altitude Balance Ratio (AABR) approaches. Climatological data series from the nearby weather stations were used in order to analyze climate development and to estimate precipitation at the ELA with different numerical models. Our results show considerable changes of the three debris-free glaciers and demonstrates their sensitivity to climatic fluctuations. As a result of the abrupt climatic transition of the 20th century, the following warm 25-year period and the warming started in the late eighties, the three glaciers retreated by ca. 990-1330 m from the LIA maximum to 2005, supported by a 40-metre ELA rise and a reduction of their area and volume of 25% and 33% on average

  13. Jane Air: The Heroine as Caged Bird in Charlotte Brontë’s Jane Eyre and Alfred Hitchcock’s Rebecca L’héroïne, oiseau en cage dans Jane Eyre de Charlotte Brontë et Rebecca d’Alfred Hitchcock

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul Marchbanks

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Dans le quatrième chapitre de son ouvrage intitulé Brontë Transformations (1996, Patsy Stoneman révèle l’importance des reprises et transformations dont a fait l’objet Jane Eyre (1847 de Charlotte Brontë dans diverses pièces de théâtre, romans et films depuis sa publication initiale. L’un des avatars les plus intéressants mentionné par P. Stoneman est Rebecca d’Alfred Hitchcock (1940 d’après le roman à succès éponyme de Daphné Du Maurier paru en 1938. Parmi les nombreux éléments communs au roman de Brontë et au film d’Hitchcock figurent l’héroïne orpheline consciente de son physique ordinaire, un personnage masculin maussade doté d’une épouse “présente-absente” et une intendante dont le tempérament influence l’atmosphère du manoir dans lequel l’héroïne réside temporairement. Un autre point commun, plus difficile à déceler car profondément intégré à chaque œuvre, est le portrait de l’héroïne en oiseau prisonnier. Ce(tte subtile trope/métaphore mérite d’être remarqué(e car non seulement l’image constitue un lien entre les deux œuvres mais elle permet aussi, dans ses diverses manifestations, de les différencier. Tandis que dans Jane Eyre, l’image de l’oiseau apparaît chaque fois que Jane s’échappe d’un lieu qui l’emprisonne, celle de la cage s’avère être l’élément dominant dans le film d’Hitchcock, imposant finalement des limites infranchissables à la liberté de l’héroïne.

  14. Cultivating Compassion and Youth Action Around the Globe: A Preliminary Report on Jane Goodall’s Roots & Shoots Program

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura R. Johnson

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes a unique service-learning based environmental and humanitarian program for youth, The Jane Goodall Institute’s Roots and Shoots program (R&S. R&S aims to foster learning, personal growth and civic engagement among youth members through service activities and environmental education. Despite its promise as a youth development program and its rapid expansion into 100 countries, little is known about R&S’s impact on youth development. In this study, we explore R&S programs in China and Tanzania, two countries that are maximally different from the U.S. in important cultural and contextual factors. Through qualitative and quantitative methods we describe the programs, their practices, and perceptions of their impact on youths’ personal and social development (cognitive and social competence, leadership, self-efficacy, citizenship and social responsibility. Additionally, we highlight the importance of sociocultural and ecological factors when developing and evaluating youth programs.

  15. Maxwell Fry and Jane Drew Partners : The Contributions of British Architects to Built Environment in Colonial Nigeria, 1946-1959

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    Abiodun Akeem Oladiti

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the contributions of two British architects, Maxwell Fry and Jane Drew in the development of built environment in Nigeria after World War II. It analyses the historical development of the built environment in Nigeria’s public space with respect to modernize infrastructures such as banks, schools, teachers training colleges and the university needed in support of the colonial administration in Nigeria. The agitation of the nationalists and postwar reconstruction facilitated and encouraged the British Empire to develop the edifice or structures that would be suitable for the environment. This, to a large extent, influenced the Nigerian architecture and built environment. Their design principles yielded functional institutional spaces and a hybrid aesthetics that signifies modernist construction and colonial influence. The paper concludes that the designs of both Fry and Drew represent a milestone and significant contribution to the development of built environment in colonial Nigeria.

  16. La economía de las relaciones de género en "Orgullo y prejuicio" de Jane Austen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sonia Herrera Sánchez

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo pretende ser una aproximación con gafas de género a los sistemas de transmisión o ruptura del patriarcado a través de una de las obras más conocidas de la literatura inglesa de principios del siglo XIX: Orgullo y prejuicio, de Jane Austen. Para ello, se desentrañará el funcionamiento de la economía de género en la mencionada novela, confrontándolo con los procesos educativos de la época y los primeros indicios de individualización femenina en la sociedad moderna.

  17. Connecting the Plots: The Extension of Return and Korean Ethnic Nationalism in Jane Jeong Trenka’s 'Fugitive Visions'

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ethan Waddell

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Thousands of overseas Korean adoptees return to Korea temporarily each year in search of their true origin, but few choose to stay permanently. A prominent member of this small community is Jane Jeong Trenka, author of two memoirs: The Language of Blood (2003 and Fugitive Visions: An Adoptee’s Return to Korea (2009. This article analyses Trenka’s literary struggle for permanence in Fugitive Visions through theories on Korean ethnic national identity. Using Marshall McLuhan’s idea of media as the ‘extension of man’, it explores the symbiotic relationship between literary media and identity, connecting colonial-era writings on Korean ethnic nationalism to Trenka’s portrayal of transnational return.

  18. Aplicación de la toxina botulínica A para el tratamiento del síndrome de Frey Application of botulinum toxin A for the treatment of Frey’s Syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Mareque Bueno

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available El síndrome Aurículo-temporal también conocido como sudoración gustativa o síndrome de Frey, es una entidad caracterizada por sudoración y enrojecimiento de la piel del territorio inervado por el nervio aurículo-temporal durante las comidas. El síndrome de Frey es probablemente una secuela inevitable en la cirugía de la glándula parótida. Una vez que se presenta se perpetua durante toda la vida si no se realiza tratamiento. Realizando el test de Minor tras cirugía sobre la glándula parótida ha sido publicado que el 100% son positivos, y que el 50% son sintomáticos percibiendo la sudoración durante las comidas, y alrededor de un 15% consideran sus síntomas graves. En el siguiente articulo presentamos los resultados de nuestro estudio que consistió en la inyección intradérmica de toxina botulínica A a nuestros pacientes con síndrome de Frey y el seguimiento. Los resultados han sido desaparición de los síntomas durante un periodo medio de 16 meses con cierta variabilidad individual. Con estos resultados podría considerarse la inyección de toxina botulínica A como ténica de elección para el síndrome de Frey ya establecido.The auriculotemporal syndrome, also known as gustatory sweating or Frey’s syndrome, is a condition characterized by sweating and flushing of the cutaneous territory innervated by the auriculotemporal nerve while eating. Frey’s syndrome is probably an inevitable sequela of parotid gland surgery. Once it appears, it persists for the rest of the patient’s life if not treated. It has been reported that performance on the Minor test after parotid gland surgery is 100% positive and 50% of patients are symptomatic, experiencing sweating during meals. About 15% consider their symptoms serious. In this article we present the results of our study of the treatment of Frey’s syndrome by intradermal injection of botulinum toxin A and the follow-up of the patients. The patients’ symptoms disappeared during

  19. From private to public redux: the private lives of Jane Austen and Graham Greene as represented by the public worlds of film

    OpenAIRE

    Gregory, Valerie

    2007-01-01

    This project is an examination of the process by which the mediums of literature and film intersect within the context of novel-to-film adaptation, and in the depiction of the public and private spheres of the authors and directors. The novels of Jane Austen and Graham Greene and three contemporary film adaptations of their work are analyzed. The project considers how the authors’ private and public lives influence their fiction, how the film directors’ private spheres alter their perception ...

  20. Jane Eyre Character Analysis from Feminism Perspective%女性主义视角下的《简·爱》性格分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈敬梅

    2014-01-01

    《简·爱》是十九世纪英国著名的女作家夏洛蒂·勃朗特的代表作。书中塑造了一位极具性格魅力的女性形象--简·爱。本文旨从她反抗社会的不公、追求自由、平等的爱情以及追求人格独立、维护自己尊严这三个展现其女性意识的角度来探讨简·爱的性格魅力。%"Jane o Eyre"is a famous nineteenth-century British women writers Charlotte Bronte's masterpiece. The book shaped a very charismatic image of women-Jane oEyre. This paper aims to fight social injustice in her pursuit of freedom, equality and the pursuit of personal independence love, these three safeguard their dignity and perspective to show its women sense to explore the charismatic of Jane oEyre.

  1. Interactions between mafic eruptions and glacial ice or snow: implications of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull, Iceland, eruption for hazard assessments in the central Oregon Cascades

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKay, D.; Cashman, K. V.

    2010-12-01

    The 2010 eruption of Eyjafjallajökull, Iceland, demonstrated the importance of addressing hazards specific to mafic eruptions in regions where interactions with glacial ice or snow are likely. One such region is the central Oregon Cascades, where there are hundreds of mafic vents, many of which are Holocene in age. Here we present field observations and quantitative analyses of tephra deposits from recent eruptions at Sand Mountain, Yapoah Cone, and Collier Cone (all advance, which lasted from ~2 to 8 ka in the central Oregon Cascades (Marcott et al., 2009). During the Neoglacial, winter snowfall was likely ~23% greater and summer temperatures ~1.4°C cooler than present (Marcott, 2009). Although ice did not advance to the elevation of the Sand Mountain vents during this time, the eruption could have occurred through several meters of snow. We have also seen very fine-grained tephra at Yapoah Cone, which is located at a higher elevation and may have interacted with glacial ice. In addition to being characterized by unusually fine grainsize, the Yapoah tephra blanket is deposited directly on top of hyaloclastite in several locations. Tephra from Collier Cone is not characterized by unusually fine grainsize, but several sections of the deposit exhibit features that suggest deposition on top of, or interbedding with, snow that later melted away. Identification of features in mafic tephra that suggest interactions with glacial ice or snow has significant implications for regional volcanic hazard assessments. Specifically, the unique hazards posed by Eyjafjallajökull, especially hazards to air travel caused by unusually fine-grained tephra, could be repeated in the Cascades. Although glacial ice is presently limited to elevations above ~2300 m in the central Oregon Cascades, winter snowpack can exceed 5 m at elevations of ~1800 m and above. If a cinder cone eruption were to occur during winter months, interaction with snow could generate phreatomagmatic activity and

  2. ABORTION AND VIOLENCE IN JANE MARTIN’S KEELY AND DU: PRO-CHOICE, PRO-LIFE, OR MERELY PROVOCATIVE?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eta Farmacelia Nurulhady

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Abortion and violence are global issues, yet different culture might respond to the issues somewhat differently. This study aims to reveal the abortion and violence issues in Jane Martin’s Keely and Du in terms of pro-choice and pro life movements and see how Indonesian students reading the play respond to the issues. In the United States of America, the discussion of abortion issue can be grouped into two major categories: the pro-life and pro-choice. In Indonesia, the majority of people would be against abortion when it is not for medical reasons. The students reading Keely and Du find the play challenging their beliefs as religious people still keeping hold of eastern values. Having discussed the nature of pro-life and pro-choice movements, it is difficult for them to decide whether they are proponent of either one. Keely and Du is successfully provocative in offering insight on how abortion and violence issues cannot be judged in a black and white manner.

  3. Reporting on What Jane Saw 2.0: Female Celebrity and Sensationalism in Boydell’s Shakespeare Gallery

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    Janine Barchas

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available This essay reports on ongoing efforts to build an accurate digital model of John Boydell’s popular Shakespeare Gallery precisely as it looked in August 1796—when a 20-year-old Jane Austen visited London’s sites, staying within a ten-minute walk from the gallery. The essay argues for the substantial difference between studying Boydell’s pictures in a paper volume (whether as lists, illustrations in books, or engraved folio plates and viewing them as an exhibition of paintings on walls, albeit virtual ones. For example, the digital reconstruction illuminated commissions from several female participants in Boydell’s male-dominated gallery, especially Angelica Kauffman (1741-1807 and Anne Seymour Damer (1749-1828. In addition, the essay also recounts how the celebrity of model Emma Hart/Hamilton (1765-1815 safeguarded one Boydell painting from oblivion while The Shakespeare Gallery proved the site of a strange form of self-promotion practiced by actress Mary Wells (1762-1829. Our digital visualization of an historic exhibition in 1796 brought the controversial celebrity of a few women artists into focus. In sum, this essay shows DH methodology in action while sampling what might be gleaned when digital tools serve historical scholarship in the humanities.

  4. Jane Austen y C. S. Lewis: de la literatura al cine. Análisis de transposición

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mercedes Sarapura Sarapura

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Esta es una propuesta de análisis de transposición de la literatura al cine de la novela Orgullo y Prejuicio, de Jane Austen, y del ensayo Una pena observada, de C. S. Lewis. El primer propósito en ambos casos es ahondar en los nuevos aportes de la última versión cinematográfica de la novela de Austen, así como en las características y cualidades de la versión fílmica del cuaderno de anotaciones de C. S. Lewis, a partir de las contribuciones teóricas de autores como Gerard Genette, Georffrey Wagner, Brian Mcfarlane, entre otros. El segundo objetivo se orienta al reconocimiento del intercambio entre el lenguaje cinematográfico y literario como un proceso representativo de la sociedad actual. El hecho de que las adaptaciones (históricamente vistas con gran escepticismo sean ahora continuamente realizadas y acogidas por el público, insta a una revisión y profundización de los estudios que se han hecho al respecto con el fin de conocer la situación actual de la relación existente entre cine y literatura, sus posibilidades creativas, las expectativas de las audiencias, los prejuicios y recelos de los expertos, etc.

  5. The importance of biological oxidation of iron in the aerobic cells of the Wheal Jane pilot passive treatment system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, G; Swash, P; Kotilainen, S

    2005-02-01

    The passive treatment system designed to treat the mine water discharge of the abandoned Wheal Jane tin mine in Cornwall consisted of a sequence of artificial wetland cells, an anaerobic cell and a final series of rock filters. Three systems were operated which differed only in the pre-treatment of the mine water before discharge to the aerobic wetland cells. The aerobic cells were designed to promote aerobic oxidation and precipitation of iron which could exceed a concentration of 100 mg/l in the raw mine water discharge. The largest investment of land area was to the artificial wetland cells and it was important to understand the processes of oxidation and precipitation of iron so that the performance of this aspect the pilot passive treatment plant (PPTP) could be managed as efficiently as possible. The generally low pH of the influent mine water and inevitable trend of decreasing pH due to hydrolysis of Fe(III) meant that distinguishing between biotic and abiotic mechanisms was fundamental for further design planning of passive treatment systems. This paper describes these observations.

  6. Applying 3D Dynamic Visualisation to (Palaeo) Geomorphic Reconstruction: Modelling a Tenth Century Jökulhlaup at Sólheimajökull Glacier, South Iceland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Booth, Laura; Isaacs, John

    2014-05-01

    Jökulhlaup (glacial outburst floods) are caused by subglacial geothermal activity melting overlying ice, or by draining of ice-dammed lakes. They pose a recurring hazard along Iceland's south coast where volcano-glacial interactions create often unpredictable, high-magnitude floods. Gathering information about past floods is crucial for projecting findings to present day scenarios and developing future predictions for contemporary flood routes. Understanding the physical setting or surrounding environment is essential in palaeo-flood reconstruction as drainage routes are ultimately defined by local topography and changing ice cover. At Sólheimajökull glacier, which drains the southern portion of Mýrdalsjökull ice cap, field evidence has been collected of a Tenth Century flood, recorded in the Icelander's Landnámabók (Book of Settlements). It was an exceptional event in terms of generation, magnitude and geomorphic impact. Although now fragmented and piecemeal, many of its direct (and indirect) geomorphological and sedimentary markers are still relatively well preserved and have been identified, mapped and dated to unravel the sequence of events played out during this significant episode in the glacial history and complex regional flood chronology. VolcVis, an innovative, bespoke visualisation platform, is developed and applied for the first time in visualising volcanic jökulhlaup. The platform is created using the Microsoft XNA game development framework, which facilitates rapid game engine production by providing a set of tools utilising a managed runtime environment. VolcVis can render large amounts of data efficiently and still provide an extremely high level of interaction with the data being presented, including full freedom of motion. This enables synthesis and presentation of field results from Sólheimajökull in a novel way, creating an interactive, multi-perspective, three-dimensional (3D) prototype model. The platform combines Digital Elevation

  7. Caught Up In Between Doublets: Neo-Victorian (TransPositions of Victorian Femininities and Masculinities in Jane Eyre and Rebecca Entre les doublets : (transpositions néo-victoriennes des figures victoriennes de la féminité et de la masculinité dans Jane Eyre et Rebecca

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta Miquel-Baldellou

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available En se départissant de la dichotomie victorienne manichéenne de l’ange du foyer et de la femme déchue pour éclairer les personnages de Jane et Bertha dans leur ouvrage pionnier The Madwoman in the Attic, Sandra Gilbert et Susan Gubar étudièrent la première épouse de Rochester, folle, comme le double subversif de Jane, faisant ainsi de Jane et de Bertha les facettes d’un seul et même personnage. Malgré le rejet moderniste des excès supposés de l’ère victorienne, Rebecca de Daphne du Maurier exploite une intrigue triangulaire similaire qui réinterprète et recrée Rochester, Bertha et Jane à travers Maxime de Winter, Rebecca et Mrs de Winter. Les conceptions victoriennes des féminités doubles, des doublets féminins pour ainsi dire, sont perpétuées et réactualisées à travers les textualités néo-victoriennes. Néanmoins, peut-on vraiment voir dans Bertha un personnage que Rochester tente d’assagir par l’entremise de la figure de l’ange du foyer, plutôt qu’un archétype de la femme déchue ? Jane n’est-elle pas destinée à découvrir le secret de Rochester avant de l’épouser ? Mrs de Winter a-t-elle à ce point le sens du sacré qu’elle ne cherche pas à entrer en concurrence avec Rebecca ? Rebecca est-elle à ce point élégante et infaillible qu’elle parvient à ne pas s’attirer le mépris de Maxime ? Cet article se propose d’examiner comment les héroïnes sont investies en termes de rôles sexuels dans l’écriture néo-victorienne – comment les rôles de l’ange du foyer et de la femme déchue dans Jane Eyre sont perpétués et subvertis à travers Rebecca en tant que texte moderne – et d’identifier et d’étudier les perceptions masculines victoriennes et néo-victoriennes.

  8. Modulation of glacier ablation by tephra coverage from Eyjafjallajökull and Grímsvötn volcanoes, Iceland: an automated field experiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Möller, Rebecca; Möller, Marco; Kukla, Peter A.; Schneider, Christoph

    2018-01-01

    We report results from a field experiment investigating the influence of volcanic tephra coverage on glacier ablation. These influences are known to be significantly different from those of moraine debris on glaciers due to the contrasting grain size distribution and thermal conductivity. Thus far, the influences of tephra deposits on glacier ablation have rarely been studied. For the experiment, artificial plots of two different tephra types from Eyjafjallajökull and Grímsvötn volcanoes were installed on a snow-covered glacier surface of Vatnajökull ice cap, Iceland. Snow-surface lowering and atmospheric conditions were monitored in summer 2015 and compared to a tephra-free reference site. For each of the two volcanic tephra types, three plots of variable thickness ( ˜ 1.5, ˜ 8.5 and ˜ 80 mm) were monitored. After limiting the records to a period of reliable measurements, a 50-day data set of hourly records was obtained, which can be downloaded from the Pangaea data repository (pangaea.de" target="_blank">https://www.pangaea.de; doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.876656). The experiment shows a substantial increase in snow-surface lowering rates under the ˜ 1.5 and ˜ 8.5 mm tephra plots when compared to uncovered conditions. Under the thick tephra cover some insulating effects could be observed. These results are in contrast to other studies which depicted insulating effects for much thinner tephra coverage on bare-ice glacier surfaces. Differences between the influences of the two different petrological types of tephra exist but are negligible compared to the effect of tephra coverage overall.

  9. Injeção epidural de morfina ou cetamina em cães: avaliação do efeito analgésico pelo emprego de filamentos de von Frey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valadão C.A.A.

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Utilizaram-se 14 cães mestiços, com idade inferior a cinco anos e peso médio de 12,5kg, com o objetivo de se avaliar os efeitos da injeção epidural de morfina ou cetamina sobre a dor pós-operatória. Os cães foram anestesiados com sevoflurano por meio de máscara facial, e em ato contínuo, receberam injeção epidural de morfina (0,1mg/kg; G1 ou cetamina (0,2mg/kg; G2 diluídas em 0,3ml/kg de solução salina. A incisão experimental de 1,5cm foi realizada no coxim plantar e suturada com fio de náilon. Interrompida a anestesia inalatória e decorridos 30 minutos iniciou-se a avaliação da dor peri-incisional, aplicando-se os filamentos de von Frey a 0,3cm equidistantes da incisão. O procedimento foi repetido a intervalos de 30 minutos até 120 minutos, e posteriormente às 3, 4, 5, 6 e 24 horas do período pós-incisional. Os animais de G1 não responderam à estimulação com os filamentos e apoiaram o membro incindido normalmente durante todo o período de avaliação. No G2 observou-se aumento progressivo da resposta à estimulação pelos filamentos de von Frey desde os 90 minutos até 24 horas. A morfina reduziu a dor pós-incisional por 24 horas, mostrando-se mais efetiva do que a cetamina para o controle da dor.

  10. Illusioonivaba ajastukroonika / Aivar Kull

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kull, Aivar, 1955-

    2005-01-01

    Arvustus: Roos, Jaan. Läbi punase öö I-IV. Tartu : Eesti Kirjanduse Selts, 1997, 2000, 2001, 2004. Varem ilmunud: Postimees, 7. august 1997 ; Tartu Postimees, 27. märts 2000 ; Tartu Postimees, 11. september 2001 ; Tartu Postimees, 18. märts 2004

  11. L’image du père et du jardin : Jane Eyre de Charlotte Brontë  et WideSargasso Sea de Jean Rhys Of Father Figures and Gardens: Charlotte Brontë’s Jane Eyre and Jean Rhys’s Wide Sargasso Sea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne-Marie Baranowski

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Though no father actually appears as a character either in Jane Eyre or in Wide Sargasso Sea, the father figure looms large in both novels, as a complex, protean and paradoxical entity, playing a crucial part in the fate of the protagonists. Jane Eyre and Antoinette Cosway are orphaned at an early age, Rochester’s father is depicted as remote and insensitive; the surrogate fathers —Antoinette’s stepfather, Jane’s uncles— mostly fail when they try to replace the missing one. Rochester himself is an ambiguous character who appears in both novels as a son, lover and husband on the one side, as a father figure on the other. In Wide Sargasso Sea he acquires through his marriage to the heiress Antoinette Cosway a legal authority which he eventually uses to destroy his wife; in Jane Eyre he first appears as the wealthier, more knowledgeable, stronger character before he discovers a female counterpart who does more than merely hold her ground.These different aspects of the father figure are closely linked to the motif of the garden which mirrors the inner development of the —mostly— female characters. It is not entirely similar to nature itself, though it is part of it; the latter means in both novels lethal dangers and elemental violence, whereas the garden is a sheltered place. In Wide Sargasso Sea, the debased garden of Coulibri simultaneously conveys a distorted, though by no means untrue reflection of the father figure and a sanctuary from the harshness of the outside world. It also means a place of peace and of simple joys for Jane Eyre, making up for the deprived life at the Lowood boarding school; but contrasting with Coulibri it does not preclude the contact with the outside world which she actually longs for. Hence the garden mirrors the crucial moments and experiences in the lives of both heroines, including love, married life and loss.

  12. Jane Austen e a recodificação paródica do gótico em Northanger Abbey

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    Genilda Azeredo

    2012-11-01

    The purpose of this essay is to discuss the constructions and effects of the parodic dialogue Jane Austen’s novel Northanger Abbey (1818 establishes with a tradition of Gothic literature in the eighteenth-century English context. Because it is considered as an expressive form of intertextuality, parody (both in the sense of ‘parallel song’ and ‘counter-song’ actively and creatively recodifies the tradition it parodies. As a consequence, studying such an articulation means being aware of a comparative interplay among codes, textualities, readings and literary traditions, so as to recognize the effects of parody as also articulated with a larger context of metafiction.

  13. Soot on snow in Iceland: First results on black carbon and organic carbon in Iceland 2016 snow and ice samples, including the glacier Solheimajökull

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meinander, Outi; Dagsson-Waldhauserova, Pavla; Gritsevich, Maria; Aurela, Minna; Arnalds, Olafur; Dragosics, Monika; Virkkula, Aki; Svensson, Jonas; Peltoniemi, Jouni; Kontu, Anna; Kivekäs, Niku; Leppäranta, Matti; de Leeuw, Gerrit; Laaksonen, Ari; Lihavainen, Heikki; Arslan, Ali N.; Paatero, Jussi

    2017-04-01

    New results on black carbon (BC) and organic carbon (OC) on snow and ice in Iceland in 2016 will be presented in connection to our earlier results on BC and OC on Arctic seasonal snow surface, and in connection to our 2013 and 2016 experiments on effects of light absorbing impurities, including Icelandic dust, on snow albedo, melt and density. Our sampling included the glacier Solheimajökull in Iceland. The mass balance of this glacier is negative and it has been shrinking during the last 20 years by 900 meters from its southwestern corner. Icelandic snow and ice samples were not expected to contain high concentrations of BC, as power generation with domestic renewable water and geothermal power energy sources cover 80 % of the total energy consumption in Iceland. Our BC results on filters analyzed with a Thermal/Optical Carbon Aerosol Analyzer (OC/EC) confirm this assumption. Other potential soot sources in Iceland include agricultural burning, industry (aluminum and ferroalloy production and fishing industry), open burning, residential heating and transport (shipping, road traffic, aviation). On the contrary to low BC, we have found high concentrations of organic carbon in our Iceland 2016 samples. Some of the possible reasons for those will be discussed in this presentation. Earlier, we have measured and reported unexpectedly low snow albedo values of Arctic seasonally melting snow in Sodankylä, north of Arctic Circle. Our low albedo results of melting snow have been confirmed by three independent data sets. We have explained these low values to be due to: (i) large snow grain sizes up to 3 mm in diameter (seasonally melting snow); (ii) meltwater surrounding the grains and increasing the effective grain size; (iii) absorption caused by impurities in the snow, with concentration of elemental carbon (black carbon) in snow of 87 ppb, and organic carbon 2894 ppb. The high concentrations of carbon were due to air masses originating from the Kola Peninsula, Russia

  14. Silêncio e “manhas”: formas de resistência do subalterno em Jane Eyre

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    Charles Albuquerque Ponte

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho tem como objetivo analisar as estratégias de resistência dos subalternos em Jane Eyre (2008, romance de Charlotte Brontë publicado originalmente em 1847, a partir de uma interpretação pós-colonialista. As personagens enfatizadas serão as oriundas da Jamaica, Bertha Mason e seu irmão, Richard, utilizando os modelos de resistência que Ascroft, Griffiths e Tiffin (2010 definem como ab-rogação e apropriação e as que Bhabha (2010 menciona como sly civility (cortesia dissimulada e mímica. Bertha Mason, a principal representante da subalternidade, faz mais uso da sly civility e da ab-rogação, enquanto Richard Mason utiliza-se mais da mímica e da apropriação, isso porque a colonizada repudia a cultura do centro, ao negar a linguagem europeia, diferentemente do irmão, que procura a imitação, ao apropriar-se do discurso do europeu para garantir seu lugar social, e, desse modo, o hibridismo cultural. Considerada louca e não tendo voz no romance, Bertha Mason desperta a nossa curiosidade acerca da honestidade da narradora, por esta ser branca e seu discurso ser construído a partir de discursos de personagens também brancos, principalmente o de Rochester cujo casamento com a autóctone fora considerado uma empreitada colonial. Dessa forma, somos motivados a compreender a exclusão dos subalternos do mundo simbólico, em correlação com sua procedência racial, cultural e mental, extraindo disso a possibilidade de as cesuras discursivas simbolizarem a opressão e repressão coloniais de uma assujeitação violenta. No entanto, isso não atesta a anulação do sujeito subalterno, pois mesmo censurado, discursivamente, encontra alternativas para resistir às forças colonizadoras.

  15. Jane Austen's lifelong health problems and final illness: New evidence points to a fatal Hodgkin's disease and excludes the widely accepted Addison's.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Upfal, A

    2005-06-01

    Jane Austen is typically described as having excellent health until the age of 40 and the onset of a mysterious and fatal illness, initially identified by Sir Zachary Cope in 1964 as Addison's disease. Her biographers, deceived both by Cassandra Austen's destruction of letters containing medical detail, and the cheerful high spirits of the existing letters, have seriously underestimated the extent to which illness affected Austen's life. A medical history reveals that she was particularly susceptible to infection, and suffered unusually severe infective illnesses, as well as a chronic conjunctivitis that impeded her ability to write. There is evidence that Austen was already suffering from an immune deficiency and fatal lymphoma in January 1813, when her second and most popular novel, Pride and Prejudice, was published. Four more novels would follow, written or revised in the shadow of her increasing illness and debility. Whilst it is impossible now to conclusively establish the cause of her death, the existing medical evidence tends to exclude Addison's disease, and suggests there is a high possibility that Jane Austen's fatal illness was Hodgkin's disease, a form of lymphoma.

  16. Long-term health effects of the Eyjafjallajökull volcanic eruption: a prospective cohort study in 2010 and 2013.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hlodversdottir, Heidrun; Petursdottir, Gudrun; Carlsen, Hanne Krage; Gislason, Thorarinn; Hauksdottir, Arna

    2016-09-08

    To examine the long-term development of physical and mental health following exposure to a volcanic eruption. Population-based prospective cohort study. In spring 2010, the Icelandic volcano Eyjafjallajökull erupted. Data were collected at 2 time points: in 2010 and 2013. Adult residents in areas close to the Eyjafjallajökull volcano (N=1096), divided according to exposure levels, and a non-exposed sample (n=475), with 80% participation rate in 2013. Physical symptoms in the previous year (chronic) and previous month (recent), and psychological distress (General Health Questionnaire-12-item version, GHQ-12), perceived stress (Perceived Stress Scale, PSS-4) and post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms (Primary Care PTSD, PC-PTSD). In the exposed group, certain symptoms were higher in 2013 than in 2010, for example, morning phlegm during winter (OR 2.14; 95% CI 1.49 to 3.06), skin rash/eczema (OR 2.86; 95% CI 1.76 to 4.65), back pain (OR 1.45; 95% CI 1.03 to 2.05) and insomnia (OR 1.53; 95% CI 1.01 to 2.30), in addition to a higher prevalence of regular use of certain medications (eg, for asthma (OR 2.80; 95% CI 1.01 to 7.77)). PTSD symptoms decreased between 2010 and 2013 (OR 0.33; 95% CI 0.17 to 0.61), while the prevalence of psychological distress and perceived stress remained similar. In 2013, the exposed group showed a higher prevalence of various respiratory symptoms than did the non-exposed group, such as wheezing without a cold (high exposure OR 2.35; 95% CI 1.27 to 4.47) and phlegm (high exposure OR 2.81; 95% CI 1.48 to 5.55), some symptoms reflecting the degree of exposure (eg, nocturnal chest tightness (medium exposed OR 3.09; 95% CI 1.21 to 10.46; high exposed OR 3.42; 95% CI 1.30 to 11.79)). The findings indicate that people exposed to a volcanic eruption, especially those most exposed, exhibit increased risk of certain symptoms 3-4 years after the eruption. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already

  17. Jane's School Safety Handbook.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong, Marleen; Kelly, James; Stephens, Ronald D.

    This book advises schools in a concise, detailed format about crisis management. Its chapters address: (1) crisis planning; (2) early warning signs; (3) crisis response; (4) crisis recovery; (5) case studies of schools that have encountered crisis situations; and (6) sample letters to be distributed in case of crisis. (Appendices discuss…

  18. Jane Addams’ Social Vision

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Villadsen, Kaspar

    2018-01-01

    resonated with key tenets of social gospel theology, which imbued her texts with an overarching vision of humanity’s progressive history. It is suggested that Addams’ vision of a major transition in industrial society, one involving a BChristian renaissance^ and individuals’ transformation into Bsocialized...

  19. The Eyjafjallajökull eruption in April 2010 – detection of volcanic plume using in-situ measurements, ozone sondes and lidar-ceilometer profiles

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    H. Flentje

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Volcanic emissions from the Eyjafjallajökull volcano eruption on the Southern fringe of Iceland in April 2010 were detected at the Global Atmosphere Watch (GAW station Zugspitze/Hohenpeissenberg (Germany by means of in-situ measurements, ozone sondes and ceilometers. Information from the German Meteorological Service (DWD ceilometer network (Flentje et al., 2010 aided identifying the air mass origin. We discuss ground level in-situ measurements of sulphur dioxide (SO2, sulphuric acid (H2SO4 and particulate matter as well as ozone sonde profiles and column measurements of SO2 by a Brewer spectrometer. At Hohenpeissenberg, a number of reactive gases, e.g. carbon monoxide and nitrogen oxides, and particle properties, e.g. size distribution and ionic composition, were additionally measured during this period. Our results describe the arrival of the volcanic plume at Zugspitze and Hohenpeissenberg during 16 and 17 April 2010 and its residence in the planetary boundary layer (PBL for several days thereafter. The ash plume was first seen in the ceilometer backscatter profiles at Hohenpeissenberg in about 6–7 km altitude. After entrainment into the PBL at noon of 17 April, largely enhanced values of sulphur dioxide, sulphuric acid and super-micron-particle number concentration were recorded at Zugspitze/Hohenpeissenberg till 21 April.

  20. « Et ils ne vécurent pas heureux » : la fin de Jane Eyre réécrite dans Charlotte de D.M. Thomas “And they didn’t live happily ever after”: D.M. Thomas’s Rewriting of the Ending of Jane Eyre in Charlotte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Armelle Parey

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available D.M. Thomas’s rewriting of Jane Eyre in Charlotte (2000 takes the shape of a transformation of the ending which enables the second Mrs Rochester’s story to be continued in the West Indies, thus also acknowledging Jean Rhys’s Wide Sargasso Sea as another intertext. In order to challenge the narrative and ideological hierarchy of the source text by rewriting its ending, the pastiche defamiliarises it while some chapters set in 1999 move the limits of rewriting and take the reader into a narrative spiral.

  1. The Impacts of Advancing Glaciers and Jökulhlaups on the 19th Century Farming Community in the Suðursveit District South of Vatnajökull Glacier, Iceland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sigurmundsson, F. S.; Gísladóttir, G.; Erlendsson, E.

    2014-12-01

    Few areas in Iceland were as vulnerable to climate changes during the 19th century as the region south of Vatnajökull glacier. The region was repeatedly affected by glacier advance and jökulhlaups (glacier outburst floods) during the Little Ice Age AD 1300-1900 (LIA). The land area between the glacier and the coast was occupied by farming community. The aim of this research is to quantify and map the size of lost vegetated area in the 19th century during the glacial advance in the climax of the LIA and the impact these events had on the community, land-use, ownership, value of estates and livelihood. This research employs historical written sources to investigate changes in the cultural and natural landscape. Historical data and field observations will be collected and stored in a GIS database designed for the research, allowing data to be analyzed and presented on maps. The first recorded impact on the settlement is from 1794 when the Breiðármerkurjökull outlet glacier advanced and devastated pastures and crofts belonging in west of the district. Seventy five years later, in 1868, the largest estate was completely destroyed by a jökulhlaup. In 1829 a farm site in the middle of the district was moved due to repeated jökulhlaup. The outlet glacier Brókarjökull initiated annual jökulhlaups during 1820 -1870, devastating pastures and hayfields and woodlands of a total of 3 prominent estates in the area (by 1200 ha), causing devaluation of 33-66% on these estates. In the eastern part extensive jökulhlaups changed the glacial river channel causing the river to flow over vast area devastating 80 % of the eastern most estate causing its abandonment in 1892. The climate change and accompanied hazards during the 19th century changed the landscape of the Suðursveit district significantly. By the turn of the 20thcentury the vegetated land in the district had been reduced by 35% and areas of sediments increased by 25% and glaciated area increased by 10%. These

  2. Physicochemical and toxicological profiling of ash from the 2010 and 2011 eruptions of Eyjafjallajökull and Grímsvötn volcanoes, Iceland using a rapid respiratory hazard assessment protocol.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horwell, C J; Baxter, P J; Hillman, S E; Calkins, J A; Damby, D E; Delmelle, P; Donaldson, K; Dunster, C; Fubini, B; Kelly, F J; Le Blond, J S; Livi, K J T; Murphy, F; Nattrass, C; Sweeney, S; Tetley, T D; Thordarson, T; Tomatis, M

    2013-11-01

    The six week eruption of Eyjafjallajökull volcano in 2010 produced heavy ash fall in a sparsely populated area of southern and south eastern Iceland and disrupted European commercial flights for at least 6 days. We adopted a protocol for the rapid analysis of volcanic ash particles, for the purpose of informing respiratory health risk assessments. Ash collected from deposits underwent a multi-laboratory physicochemical and toxicological investigation of their mineralogical parameters associated with bio-reactivity, and selected in vitro toxicology assays related to pulmonary inflammatory responses. Ash from the eruption of Grímsvötn, Iceland, in 2011 was also studied. The results were benchmarked against ash from Soufrière Hills volcano, Montserrat, which has been extensively studied since the onset of eruptive activity in 1995. For Eyjafjallajökull, the grain size distributions were variable: 2-13 vol% of the bulk samples were <4 µm, with the most explosive phases of the eruption generating abundant respirable particulate matter. In contrast, the Grímsvötn ash was almost uniformly coarse (<3.5 vol%<4 µm material). Surface area ranged from 0.3 to 7.7 m2 g(-1) for Eyjafjallajökull but was very low for Grímsvötn (<0.6 m2 g(-1)). There were few fibre-like particles (which were unrelated to asbestos) and the crystalline silica content was negligible in both eruptions, whereas Soufrière Hills ash was cristobalite-rich with a known potential to cause silicosis. All samples displayed a low ability to deplete lung antioxidant defences, showed little haemolysis and low acute cytotoxicity in human alveolar type-1 like epithelial cells (TT1). However, cell-free tests showed substantial hydroxyl radical generation in the presence of hydrogen peroxide for Grímsvötn samples, as expected for basaltic, Fe-rich ash. Cellular mediators MCP-1, IL-6, and IL-8 showed chronic pro-inflammatory responses in Eyjafjallajökull, Grímsvötn and Soufrière Hills samples

  3. Pollution from the 2014-15 Bárðarbunga eruption monitored by snow cores from the Vatnajökull glacier, Iceland

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galeczka, Iwona; Eiriksdottir, Eydis Salome; Pálsson, Finnur; Oelkers, Eric; Lutz, Stefanie; Benning, Liane G.; Stefánsson, Andri; Kjartansdóttir, Ríkey; Gunnarsson-Robin, Jóhann; Ono, Shuhei; Ólafsdóttir, Rósa; Jónasdóttir, Elín Björk; Gislason, Sigurdur R.

    2017-11-01

    The chemical composition of Icelandic rain and snow is dominated by marine aerosols, however human and volcanic activity can also affect these compositions. The six month long 2014-15 Bárðarbunga volcanic eruption was the largest in Iceland for more than 200 years and it released into the atmosphere an average of 60 kt/day SO2, 30 kt/day CO2, 500 t/day HCl and 280 t/day HF. To study the effect of this eruption on the winter precipitation, snow cores were collected from the Vatnajökull glacier and the highlands northeast of the glacier. In addition to 29 bulk snow cores from that precipitated from September 2014 until March 2015, two cores were sampled in 21 and 44 increments to quantify the spatial and time evolution of the chemical composition of the snow. The pH and chemical compositions of melted snow samples indicate that snow has been affected by the volcanic gases emitted during the Bárðarbunga eruption. The pH of the melted bulk snow cores ranged from 4.41 to 5.64 with an average value of 5.01. This is four times greater H+ activity than pure water saturated with the atmospheric CO2. The highest concentrations of volatiles in the snow cores were found close to the eruption site as predicted from CALPUFF SO2 gas dispersion quality model. The anion concentrations (SO4, Cl, and F) were higher and the pH was lower compared to equivalent snow samples collected during 1997-2006 from the unpolluted Icelandic Langjökull glacier. Higher SO4 and Cl concentrations in the snow compared with the unpolluted rainwater of marine origin confirm the addition of a non-seawater SO4 and Cl. The δ34S isotopic composition confirms that the sulphur addition is of volcanic aerosol origin. The chemical evolution of the snow with depth reflects changes in the lava effusion and gas emission rates. Those rates were the highest at the early stage of the eruption. Snow that fell during that time, represented by samples from the deepest part of the snow cores, had the lowest pH and

  4. Heavy metals in moss samples exposed to tHe atmospHeric dust after eruption of eyjafjallajökull volcano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patryk Ochota

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: Volcanic ash, which is ejected during volcanic eruptions, flies in the air and spreads by the wind over large distances. It is a magmatic source and as such may contain heavy metals. The aim of the study was to carry out investigation on heavy metal content: Pb, Cd, Zn, Fe, Mn, Cu and Cr in samples of moss bags exposed to atmospheric dust containing volcanic ash in Sosnowiec (Poland after eruption of Eyjafjallajökull volcano in Iceland. Materials and methods: Samples have been exposed to atmospheric dust after volcanic eruption for 2 months, and were mineralised in 70% HNO3 and 30% H2O2. The content of Pb and Cd was analysed by atomic absorption spectrometry with electrothermal atomization (ETAAS and Zn, Fe, Mn, Cu, Cr by atomic absorption spectrometry with flame atomization (FAAS. Results: During the experiment the content of lead in samples of moss increased by 54,9 μg/g, cadmium by 3,41 μg/g, manganese by 150 μg/g, iron by 6,09 mg/g, zinc by 514 μg/g, copper by 20,77 μg/g and chromium by 6,99 μg/g. Conclusions: In Sosnowiec the comparable increase of metal content was from several to 41 times higher than in the areas not exposed to volcanic ash. It indicates that volcanic ash can be a potential source of heavy metals in the environment and, consequently, affect our health.

  5. The Stories We Hear, the Stories We Tell What Can the Life of Jane Barker (1652-1732) Tell Us about Women's Leadership in Higher Education in the Twenty-First Century?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Carol Shiner

    2009-01-01

    Jane Barker--poet, novelist, farm manager, student and practitioner of medical arts--was not allowed to attend university because she was a woman. Yet she was Oxford-educated in the most modern of medical theories of her time. By the end of her life, unmarried by choice, Barker was writing for pay under her own name in an emerging genre--the…

  6. Hydro-morphodynamic modelling of a volcano-induced sediment-laden outburst flood at Sólheimajökull, Iceland

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guan, M.; Wright, N.; Sleigh, P. A.; Carrivick, J.; Staines, K.

    2013-12-01

    Outburst floods are one of the most catastrophic natural hazards for populations and infrastructure. Such high-magnitude sudden onset floods generally comprise of an advancing intense kinematic water wave that can induce considerable sediment transport. The exploration and investigation of sediment-laden outburst floods cannot be limited solely to water flow but must also include the flood-induced sediment transport. Understanding the complex flow-bed interaction process in large (field) scale outburst floods is still limited, not least due to a lack of well-constrained field data, but also because consensus on appropriate modelling schemes has yet to be decided. In recent years, attention has focussed on the numerical models capable of describing the process of erosion, transport and deposition in such flows and they are now at a point at which they provide useful quantitative data. Although the "exact" measure of bed change is still unattainable the numerical models enhance and improve insights into large outburst flood events. In this study, a volcano-induced jökulhlaup or glacial outburst flood (GLOF) at Sólheimajökull, Iceland is reproduced by novel 2D hydro-morphodynamic model that considers both bedload and suspended load based on shallow water theory. The simulation of sediment-laden outburst flood is shown to perform well, with further insights into the flow-bed interaction behaviour obtained from the modelling output. These results are beneficial to flood risk management and hazard prevention and mitigation. In summary, the modelling outputs show that (1) the quantity of bed erosion and deposition are sensitive to the sediment gain size, yet, the influences are not so significant when considering flow discharge; (2) finer resolution of topography increases the computational time significantly yet the results are not affected correspondingly; (3) the bed changes simulated by the present model achieves reasonably good agreement with those by the

  7. Determination of time- and height-resolved volcanic ash emissions and their use for quantitative ash dispersion modeling: the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull eruption

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Stohl

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available The April–May, 2010 volcanic eruptions of Eyjafjallajökull, Iceland caused significant economic and social disruption in Europe whilst state of the art measurements and ash dispersion forecasts were heavily criticized by the aviation industry. Here we demonstrate for the first time that large improvements can be made in quantitative predictions of the fate of volcanic ash emissions, by using an inversion scheme that couples a priori source information and the output of a Lagrangian dispersion model with satellite data to estimate the volcanic ash source strength as a function of altitude and time. From the inversion, we obtain a total fine ash emission of the eruption of 8.3 ± 4.2 Tg for particles in the size range of 2.8–28 μm diameter. We evaluate the results of our model results with a posteriori ash emissions using independent ground-based, airborne and space-borne measurements both in case studies and statistically. Subsequently, we estimate the area over Europe affected by volcanic ash above certain concentration thresholds relevant for the aviation industry. We find that during three episodes in April and May, volcanic ash concentrations at some altitude in the atmosphere exceeded the limits for the "Normal" flying zone in up to 14 % (6–16 %, 2 % (1–3 % and 7 % (4–11 %, respectively, of the European area. For a limit of 2 mg m−3 only two episodes with fractions of 1.5 % (0.2–2.8 % and 0.9 % (0.1–1.6 % occurred, while the current "No-Fly" zone criterion of 4 mg m−3 was rarely exceeded. Our results have important ramifications for determining air space closures and for real-time quantitative estimations of ash concentrations. Furthermore, the general nature of our method yields better constraints on the distribution and fate of volcanic ash in the Earth system.

  8. Going beyond "First Impressions": Jane Austen on the spotlightDOI:10.5007/2175-8026.2010n59p101

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carla Alexandra Ferreira

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available The last decades has seen a proliferation of Jane Austen’s novels for television and cinema. Despite being an important movement for the popularity of her literary work that has also brought some problems for a serious understanding of Austen’s literary project. The purpose of this essay is to point out the need of considering the changes, preferences and omissions, apparently not very important or carried out because of some demands of the translation from a novel to the cinema, that occur when her work is revisited. We will try to show some choices made in the transference from her novels to film may erase part of the writer’s fictional project which is among other things to portray women’s role in the nineteenth century patriarchal English society and try to change women’s condition of invisibility that had been created and spread since Enlightenment. In order to illustrate our point the 2005 version of Pride and Prejudice for the cinema will be used.

  9. P. R. Moore-Dewey’s “Pregiudizio e Orgoglio”: An Italian Remake of Jane Austen’s “Pride and Prejudice”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eleonora Capra

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Since its publication in 1814, Jane Austen’s most famous novel, Pride and Prejudice, has enjoyed great success and has been the object of countless re-workings, re-mediations and adaptations on global scale. This essay aims at discussing a special instance of this phenomenon: an Italian re-make entitled Pregiudizio e Orgoglio (2012 and written by Austen enthusiast and admirer, P. R. Moore-Dewey (pseudonym of Patrizia Murreddu. I intend to analyze the change of perspective adopted by the author, who decided to re-write Austen's tale through the point of view of Mr. Darcy and his sister Georgiana. Moreover, it is my intention to look at some of the many intertextual references present in Moore-Dewey’s work and consider the impact of such references and quotations on the reading experience. Finally, I will consider the extensive use of paratextual devices, which contribute to define this work a particularly relevant literary manifestation.

  10. “WEALTH OR LOVE, WHAT DOES A WOMAN WANT?” AN IRONIC LOOK AT THE MIDDLE CLASS NORMS IN CHARLOTTE BRONTE’S JANE EYRE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Afina Murtiningrum

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Jane Eyre is a novel written in the early nineteenth century (1847. It depicts the English society of the upper, middle and lower class and their habits and attitudes towards life. The opening of the novel points to social class, wealth and marriage as its major theme. Throughout the novel, the relationship between social awareness of class and marriage, especially dealing with money or property are highlighted, the reason why society tends to consider about social class, money and property in finding a suitable partner to marry. This paper relies on the examples from the novel to show how nineteenth-century women imagined their marriage. In terms of women’s social rights and roles, Charlotte Bronte tries to open readers' eyes to the idea that women's abilities should not be limited only to the sphere of the family. Bronte’s novel does not only attack Victorian class structure but also the issue of gender.   Keywords : marriage, wealth, property, women’s roles, gender

  11. The Mystery of the Past Haunts Again: Jane Eyre and Eugenie Marlitt’s Die zweite Frau Le mystère du passé hante encore: l’influence de Jane Eyre sur Die zweite Frau d’Eugenie Marlitt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivonne Defant

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Charlotte Brontë’s Jane Eyre is a classic in women’s fiction. When it was published in 1847, it made an immediate impact in mid-Victorian England, partly because it drew on the paradigmatic story of a romance heroine, partly because it interpreted the needs of the women of the time. Since then, the Thornfield Hall attic where Bertha Mason is kept hidden by the master of the house, Mr. Rochester, has become the metaphor of a feminine place of imprisonment and,at the same time, of rebellion against patriarchal rules.About thirty years after Jane Eyre, another woman writer published a book which evokes the haunting atmosphere of the Thornfield Hall theme, i.e., the German writer Eugenie Marlitt, the author of Die zweite Frau ( The second wife, 1874.Interestingly, Marlitt seems to recapture, while rewriting it, the character of Bertha within the context of German domestic fiction. Bothnovels explore indeed the issue of the imprisoned and socially marginalised woman in terms of ethnicity to show how gender roles are inevitably complicit with power relations. In Jane Eyre and Die zweite Frau the house motif is a pivotal element that leads to our understanding of the female characters, but it is above all the mystery that reverberates through the houses of the two novels, represented by two women, the Creole Bertha  and the Indian Lotusblume, which, being crucial to the articulation of the discursive thrust underlying the two narratives, discloses the multi-layered construction of femininity.Jane Eyre de Charlotte Brontë est un classique de la littérature féminine. Lors de sa publication en 1847, le roman eut un impact immédiat sur l’Angleterre victorienne, d’une part parce qu’il racontait l’histoire paradigmatique d’une héroïne de romance et d’autre part parce qu’il se faisait l’interprète des désirs des femmes de l’époque. Depuis, le grenier de Thornfield Hall où le maître de maison cache Bertha Mason, est devenu la

  12. The importance of accurate glacier albedo for estimates of surface mass balance on Vatnajökull: evaluating the surface energy budget in a regional climate model with automatic weather station observations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steffensen Schmidt, Louise; Aðalgeirsdóttir, Guðfinna; Guðmundsson, Sverrir; Langen, Peter L.; Pálsson, Finnur; Mottram, Ruth; Gascoin, Simon; Björnsson, Helgi

    2017-07-01

    A simulation of the surface climate of Vatnajökull ice cap, Iceland, carried out with the regional climate model HIRHAM5 for the period 1980-2014, is used to estimate the evolution of the glacier surface mass balance (SMB). This simulation uses a new snow albedo parameterization that allows albedo to exponentially decay with time and is surface temperature dependent. The albedo scheme utilizes a new background map of the ice albedo created from observed MODIS data. The simulation is evaluated against observed daily values of weather parameters from five automatic weather stations (AWSs) from the period 2001-2014, as well as in situ SMB measurements from the period 1995-2014. The model agrees well with observations at the AWS sites, albeit with a general underestimation of the net radiation. This is due to an underestimation of the incoming radiation and a general overestimation of the albedo. The average modelled albedo is overestimated in the ablation zone, which we attribute to an overestimation of the thickness of the snow layer and not taking the surface darkening from dirt and volcanic ash deposition during dust storms and volcanic eruptions into account. A comparison with the specific summer, winter, and net mass balance for the whole of Vatnajökull (1995-2014) shows a good overall fit during the summer, with a small mass balance underestimation of 0.04 m w.e. on average, whereas the winter mass balance is overestimated by on average 0.5 m w.e. due to too large precipitation at the highest areas of the ice cap. A simple correction of the accumulation at the highest points of the glacier reduces this to 0.15 m w.e. Here, we use HIRHAM5 to simulate the evolution of the SMB of Vatnajökull for the period 1981-2014 and show that the model provides a reasonable representation of the SMB for this period. However, a major source of uncertainty in the representation of the SMB is the representation of the albedo, and processes currently not accounted for in RCMs

  13. The importance of accurate glacier albedo for estimates of surface mass balance on Vatnajökull: evaluating the surface energy budget in a regional climate model with automatic weather station observations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. S. Schmidt

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available A simulation of the surface climate of Vatnajökull ice cap, Iceland, carried out with the regional climate model HIRHAM5 for the period 1980–2014, is used to estimate the evolution of the glacier surface mass balance (SMB. This simulation uses a new snow albedo parameterization that allows albedo to exponentially decay with time and is surface temperature dependent. The albedo scheme utilizes a new background map of the ice albedo created from observed MODIS data. The simulation is evaluated against observed daily values of weather parameters from five automatic weather stations (AWSs from the period 2001–2014, as well as in situ SMB measurements from the period 1995–2014. The model agrees well with observations at the AWS sites, albeit with a general underestimation of the net radiation. This is due to an underestimation of the incoming radiation and a general overestimation of the albedo. The average modelled albedo is overestimated in the ablation zone, which we attribute to an overestimation of the thickness of the snow layer and not taking the surface darkening from dirt and volcanic ash deposition during dust storms and volcanic eruptions into account. A comparison with the specific summer, winter, and net mass balance for the whole of Vatnajökull (1995–2014 shows a good overall fit during the summer, with a small mass balance underestimation of 0.04 m w.e. on average, whereas the winter mass balance is overestimated by on average 0.5 m w.e. due to too large precipitation at the highest areas of the ice cap. A simple correction of the accumulation at the highest points of the glacier reduces this to 0.15 m w.e. Here, we use HIRHAM5 to simulate the evolution of the SMB of Vatnajökull for the period 1981–2014 and show that the model provides a reasonable representation of the SMB for this period. However, a major source of uncertainty in the representation of the SMB is the representation of the albedo, and processes

  14. Physical and optical properties of 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic eruption aerosol: ground-based, Lidar and airborne measurements in France

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Hervo

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available During the Eyjafjallajökull eruption (14 April to 24 May 2010, the volcanic aerosol cloud was observed across Europe by several airborne in situ and ground-based remote-sensing instruments. On 18 and 19 May, layers of depolarizing particles (i.e. non-spherical particles were detected in the free troposphere above the Puy de Dôme station, (PdD, France with a Rayleigh-Mie LIDAR emitting at a wavelength of 355 nm, with parallel and crossed polarization channels. These layers in the free troposphere (FT were also well captured by simulations with the Lagrangian particle dispersion model FLEXPART, which furthermore showed that the ash was eventually entrained into the planetary boundary layer (PBL. Indeed, the ash cloud was then detected and characterized with a comprehensive set of in situ instruments at the Puy de Dôme station (PdD. In agreement with the FLEXPART simulation, up to 65 μg m−3 of particle mass and 2.2 ppb of SO2 were measured at PdD, corresponding to concentrations higher than the 95 percentile of 2 yr of measurements at PdD. Moreover, the number concentration of particles increased to 24 000 cm−3, mainly in the submicronic mode, but a supermicronic mode was also detected with a modal diameter of 2 μm. The resulting optical properties of the ash aerosol were characterized by a low scattering Ångström exponent (0.98, showing the presence of supermicronic particles. For the first time to our knowledge, the combination of in situ optical and physical characterization of the volcanic ash allowed the calculation of the mass-to-extinction ratio (η with no assumptions on the aerosol density. The mass-to-extinction ratio was found to be significantly different from the background boundary layer aerosol (max: 1.57 g m−2 as opposed to 0.33 ± 0.03 g m−2. Using this ratio, ash mass concentration in the volcanic plume derived from LIDAR measurements was found to be 655 ± 23

  15. Diverging Interpretations of Charlotte Brontë’s Jane Eyre (1847: Franco Zeffirelli’s and Robert Stevenson’s Screen Adaptations Divergences interprétatives autour de Jane Eyre (1847 de Charlotte Brontë : les adaptations cinématographiques de Franco Zeffirelli et Robert Stevenson

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Delphine Letort

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Franco Zeffirelli et Robert Stevenson nous offrent deux interprétations de Jane Eyre à travers des adaptations qui retiennent des choix narratifs souvent parallèles mais dont les mises en scène diffèrent, creusant un écart manifeste au niveau de la caractérisation du personnage éponyme. Le premier dramatise le récit pour souligner l’obstination de l’enfant et retracer le développement de la jeune femme tandis que le second adopte une approche hollywoodienne classique, utilisant le noir et blanc pour évoquer la fragilité de l’enfant et de la femme dans une structure sociale répressive soumise à l’autorité masculine. Les portraits esquissés par les réalisateurs reflètent des choix d’interprétation guidés par une lecture personnelle et contemporaine du récit de Charlotte Brontë.

  16. Haiglate tegevuse hindamine / Jane Alop

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alop, Jane

    2005-01-01

    Maailma Terviseorganisatsiooni Euroopa piirkonna büroo poolt välja töötatud haiglate tegevuse hindamise metoodikast PATH (Performance Assessment Tool for quality improvement in Hospitals) ning selle rakendamisest Eestis. Joonis: PATH kontseptuaalne mudel

  17. 从穆勒的功利主义看简·爱在婚姻与宗教上的伦理观%From John Mill's Utilitarianism to Observe Jane Eyre's Marital and Religious Ethics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李俊宇

    2013-01-01

    In 19th century in Britain, there are many colliding mutually social ideas, one of which is Mill's utilitarianism. Mill holds the view that happiness is the only worth preserving aim. Jane Eyre's marital and religious ethics are consistent with Mill's utilitarianism. She protests against regarding ben-efit as only aim, sacrificing dignity and freedom to get happiness, and utilizing others and being utilized by others. Jane Eyre's ethics are due to British society's attaching importance to reason and utility, and Charlotte's laying emphasis on virtue cultivation. Jane Eyre utilitarianism not only changes the female's dependence on the male, humans' humble position to God, but also exposes the male's humanity. It seems that Charlotte points out a way of pursuing existence, development and gaining happiness for the women from low and middle class.%十九世纪的英国,各种思潮涌动,穆勒的功利主义主张幸福是唯一值得欲求的目的。简·爱在婚姻和宗教上的伦理观契合了穆勒的功利主义,并反对以利益为唯一追求目标的“功利观”,反对牺牲尊严、自由、人格完整来获取幸福,也反对利用他人和被他人利用。简·爱式的功利主义婚姻观和宗教观既是十九世纪英国社会重理性、重“实用”的产物,也是夏洛特重视伦理道德修养的产物。这种功利主义伦理观不仅调整了女性对应于男性的依附关系,而且改变了人对应于神的屈从地位,彰显了女性的主体人格。夏洛特通过叙述简的成长道路,似乎给当时代的中下层女性指明了一条求生存、求发展、实现真正幸福的道路。

  18. Importance of nanoparticles and colloids from volcanic ash for riverine transport of trace elements to the ocean: evidence from glacial-fed rivers after the 2010 eruption of Eyjafjallajökull Volcano, Iceland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tepe, Nathalie; Bau, Michael

    2014-08-01

    Volcanic ashes are often referenced as examples for natural nanoparticles, yet the particle size distribution eruptions at Eyjafjallajökull in 2010. In addition to the dissolved concentrations of rare earth elements (REE), Zr, Hf, Nb, and Th in the 450 nm-filtered waters, we also studied the respective filter residues (river particulates >450 nm) and volcanic ash. In spite of the low solubilities and high particle-reactivities of the elements studied, most water samples show high dissolved concentrations, such as up to 971 ng/kg of Ce and 501 ng/kg of Zr. Except for the pure glacial meltwater and glacial base flow, all waters display the same shale-normalized REE patterns with pronounced light and heavy REE depletion and positive Eu anomalies. While such patterns are unusual for river waters, they are similar to those of the respective river particulates and the volcanic ash, though at different concentration levels. The distribution of dissolved Zr, Hf, Nb, and Th in the waters also matches that of filter residues and ash. This strongly suggests that in all 450 nm-filtered river waters, the elements studied are associated with solid ash particles smaller than 450 nm. This reveals that volcanic ash-derived nanoparticles and colloids are present in these glacial-fed rivers and that such ultrafine particles control the trace element distribution in the surface runoff. Subsequent to explosive volcanic eruptions, these waters provide terrigenous input from landmasses to estuaries, that is characterized by a unique trace element signature and that subsequent to modification by estuarine processes delivers a pulse of nutrients to coastal seawater in regions not affected by plume fall-out. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  19. Optical, microphysical, mass and geometrical properties of aged volcanic particles observed over Athens, Greece, during the Eyjafjallajökull eruption in April 2010 through synergy of Raman lidar and sunphotometer measurements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kokkalis, P.; Papayannis, A.; Amiridis, V.; Mamouri, R. E.; Veselovskii, I.; Kolgotin, A.; Tsaknakis, G.; Kristiansen, N. I.; Stohl, A.; Mona, L.

    2013-09-01

    Vertical profiles of the optical (extinction and backscatter coefficients, lidar ratio and Ångström exponent), microphysical (mean effective radius, mean refractive index, mean number concentration) and geometrical properties as well as the mass concentration of volcanic particles from the Eyjafjallajökull eruption were retrieved at selected heights over Athens, Greece, using multi-wavelength Raman lidar measurements performed during the period 21-24 April 2010. Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET) particulate columnar measurements along with inversion schemes were initialized together with lidar observations to deliver the aforementioned products. The well-known FLEXPART (FLEXible PARTicle dispersion model) model used for volcanic dispersion simulations is initiated as well in order to estimate the horizontal and vertical distribution of volcanic particles. Compared with the lidar measurements within the planetary boundary layer over Athens, FLEXPART proved to be a useful tool for determining the state of mixing of ash with other, locally emitted aerosol types. The major findings presented in our work concern the identification of volcanic particles layers in the form of filaments after 7-day transport from the volcanic source (approximately 4000 km away from our site) from the surface and up to 10 km according to the lidar measurements. Mean hourly averaged lidar signals indicated that the layer thickness of volcanic particles ranged between 1.5 and 2.2 km. The corresponding aerosol optical depth was found to vary from 0.01 to 0.18 at 355 nm and from 0.02 up to 0.17 at 532 nm. Furthermore, the corresponding lidar ratios (S) ranged between 60 and 80 sr at 355 nm and 44 and 88 sr at 532 nm. The mean effective radius of the volcanic particles estimated by applying inversion scheme to the lidar data found to vary within the range 0.13-0.38 μm and the refractive index ranged from 1.39+0.009i to 1.48+0.006i. This high variability is most probably attributed to the

  20. Representação sonora entre literatura e cinema: A questão do ponto de escuta nas adaptações de Persuasão de Jane Austen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Morais Da Costa

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-8026.2013n65p185   Explorar a representação sonora pela literatura e em adaptações de obras literárias para o cinema. Analisar a representação de ambientes sonoros, da relação dos personagens com tais ambientes e os processos de identificação entre espectador e personagem, especialmente pelas nuances possíveis do ponto de escuta. Entendemos neste artigo que analisar a identificação entre espectador e personagem através da construção do ponto de escuta é tratar de um procedimento narrativo pouco analisado tanto no campo dos estudos literários quanto na teoria cinematográfica. Para tanto, a análise das adaptações cinematográficas dos romances de Jane Austen terá papel central, embora haja no decorrer do texto exemplos outros.

  1. Humidity affects the performance of von Frey monofilaments

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Werner, M U; Nielsen, Per Rotbøll; Ellehuus-Hilmersson, C

    2011-01-01

    Assessment of tactile and nociceptive thresholds of the skin with calibrated polyamide monofilaments is an established testing method both in animal and in human research. It is known that changes in relative humidity may affect the physical properties of the monofilaments. As this effect has onl...

  2. Biological activities of Umbilicaria crustulosa (Ach.) frey acetone extract

    OpenAIRE

    Zlatanović Ivana; Stanković Miroslava; Stankov-Jovanović Vesna; Mitić Violeta; Zrnzević Ivana; Đorđević Aleksandra; Stojanović Gordana

    2017-01-01

    This paper reports for the first time the effect of an acetone extract of Umbilicaria crustulosa on the micronucleus distribution of human lymphocytes, and on the cholinesterase activity and antioxidant activity by the cupric ion reducing antioxidant capacity (CUPRAC) method. Additionally, the total phenolic compounds (TPC) and the antioxidant properties were estimated via DPPH, ABTS and TRP assays. Moreover, the antibacterial activity against two Gram-positive and three Gram-negative bacteri...

  3. Biological activities of Umbilicaria crustulosa (Ach. frey acetone extract

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zlatanović Ivana

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper reports for the first time the effect of an acetone extract of Umbilicaria crustulosa on the micronucleus distribution of human lymphocytes, and on the cholinesterase activity and antioxidant activity by the cupric ion reducing antioxidant capacity (CUPRAC method. Additionally, the total phenolic compounds (TPC and the antioxidant properties were estimated via DPPH, ABTS and TRP assays. Moreover, the antibacterial activity against two Gram-positive and three Gram-negative bacteria were determined. Acetone extract of U. crustulosa at concentration of 1 and 2 μg mL-1 decreased a frequency of micronuclei (MN by 10.8 and 16.8 %, respectively, acting more or slightly less than the synthetic protector amifostine (AMF, WR-2721, 11.4 %, at concentration of 1 μg mL-1. The tested extract did not inhibit cholinesterase activity nor did it exhibit activity toward the examined bacteria. The extract reduced the concentration of DPPH and ABTS radicals by 88.7 and 96.2 %, respectively. Values for total reducing power (TRP and cupric reducing capacity (CUPRAC were 0.6197±0.0166 μg ascorbic acid equivalents (AAE per mg of dry extract, and 19.7641±1.6546 μg trolox equivalents (TE per mg of dry extract, respectively. The total phenol content was 350.4188 ±14.587 μg gallic acid equivalents (GAE per mg of dry extract. The results of the present study showed that U. crustulosa acetone extract is a promising candidate for in vivo experiments considering its antioxidant activity and protective effect on human lymphocytes. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 172047

  4. 20 aastat Berliini meediakunsti festivali / Jane Suviste

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Suviste, Jane

    2008-01-01

    Rahvusvaheline meediakunsti festival "Transmediale 2008" Berliinis 29. I-3. II ja näitus 29. I-24. II. Näitusest "Conspire / Salanõu" (kuraator Natasha Petreshin Bachelez), konverentsist, kolme Janez Jansha pseudonüümiga sloveeni kunstniku probleeme tekitanud performance'ist "Signature. Event. Context" jm. Peaauhind läks Julia Meltzeri ja David Thorne'i videole "Not a Matter of If but When"

  5. Kuidas suunata noori loodusest hoolima? / Jane Adler

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Adler, Jane

    2008-01-01

    Kuusalu keskkoolis toimunud ökotantsufestivalist. Kolm peapreemiat anti välja parimatele looduse jäljendajatele: Keila lasteaiale "Vikerkaar" kava "Linnud ja meri" eest, Petsi spordiklubile (1.-3. klass) kava "Kärbeste ralli" eest ning Kunda ühisgümnaasiumile (10.-12. klass) kava "Elu" eest

  6. Jane: A Case Study in Anorexia Nervosa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Willingham, Barbara

    1988-01-01

    The article reports the case history of a 15-year-old Australian girl with anorexia nervosa. Information is also given on prevalence, causes, definitions, and treatments including hospitalization, co-therapy, psychotherapy, behavior modification, family therapy, and counseling. (DB)

  7. The model of Internet-based marketing communication / Katrin Kull

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kull, Katrin

    2004-01-01

    Turunduskommunikatsioon Interneti teel erineb traditsioonilisest turunduskommunikatsioonist, võimaldades sõnumite ja tagasiside liikumise protsessi kahesuunalisust ning muutes seega kogu turunduskommunikatsiooni õppimis-(või tundmaõppimis-)protsessiks. Skeemid. Tabelid

  8. Iga neljas Eestimaa laps elab allpool vaesuspiiri / Elle Kull

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kull, Elle, 1952-

    2007-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Lääne Elu, 25. jaan. 2007, lk. 2; Valgamaalane, 25. jaan. 2007, lk. 2; Lõunaleht, 25. jaan. 2007, lk. 2; Sakala, 26. jaan. 2007, lk. 2; Den za Dnjom, 26. jaan. 2007, lk. 18; Meie Maa, 26. jaan. 2007, lk. 2; Nädaline, 30. jaan. 2007, lk. 4; Vooremaa, 30. jaan. 2007, lk. 2; Järva Teataja, 1. veebr. 2007, lk. 2. Yorki ülikooli ja UNICEF-i laste heaoluindeksi uuring paigutab Eesti lapsed EL-i 25 riigi seas eelviimasele kohale. Parlamendiliige tõstatab Eesti perepoliitika valupunktid

  9. Propaganda mitu nägu / Kulle Raig

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raig, Kulle, 1940-

    2016-01-01

    Arvustus: Lehtonen, Pekka. Tehtävä Tallinnassa : neuvostopropagandaa ja itsenäisyysinnostusta. Helsinki : Into, 2016 ; Lehtonen, Pekka. Ülesandega üle lahe : propaganda mitu nägu. Tallinn : K&K, 2016

  10. Portree kirjanikust tema sõprade keskel / Aivar Kull

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kull, Aivar, 1955-

    2016-01-01

    Arvustus: Kronberg, Janika. Hästi valitud sõbrad : artikleid Ristikivist ja tema kirjanduslikust ümbrusest. Tallinn : Eesti Kirjandusmuuseumi Teaduskirjastus : Karl Ristikivi Selts, 2016 (EKLA töid kirjandusest ja kultuuriloost ; 9)

  11. Muddy water substitutes for coal; Grumsevann erstatter kull

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stensvold, Tore

    2003-07-01

    The awful, muddy water of the third largest river in the world is becoming a considerable power source for China. The Yangtze River is being harnessed, slowly but surely. Ten years have passed since they cut the first sod and now the first turbines are producing power in what will be the world's biggest hydropower plant. From 2009 the Three Gorges Plant will supply 84.60 TWh per year, but this is not enough to meet the power demand in one of the fastest growing economies of the world. China plans to build 2000 new small-scale power stations and some tens of large power stations every year. It was in 1993 that Chinese authorities defied the world opinion and decided to develop the dam and power station at Three Gorges. The opposition from the Western world has essentially focused on the forced relocation of 1.2 million people, the complex environmental consequences, and the catastrophe that would result if the dam should burst.

  12. Tuuleenergia kasutamisvõimalused Eestis / Ain Kull, Valdur Tiit

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kull, Ain, 1973-

    2005-01-01

    Autorite hinnangul on seni Eestis ulatuslik tuulejõu kasutamine raskendatud nii finantsprobleemide, kodumaise tootmise puudumise, rannikupiirkondade elektriliinide väikese võimsuse kui ka Narva põlevkivijaamade alakoormatuse tõttu. Tabel

  13. Introduction : [artiklikogumikule Ecumenical theological education] / Anne Kull, Pille Valk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kull, Anne, 1959-

    2009-01-01

    Sissejuhatus kogumikule, mis sisaldab artikleid Tartu Ülikoolis 11.-14. jaan. 2007 toimunud konverentsi "Ecumenical theological education : pedagogical perspectives and practical experiences" ettekannetest

  14. "Semiosfäär", 1982 : kommentaariks / Kalevi Kull

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kull, Kalevi, 1952-

    2006-01-01

    Kommenteeritakse Juri Lotmani mõiste "semiosfäär" esmakordset eestikeelset trükitekstis kasutamist ning mõiste "käitumise sfäär" määratlemist VIII teoreetilise bioloogia kevadkooli teesidevihikus 1982. aastal. Vt. ka: Lotman, Juri. Kaks lähenemisviisi käitumisele // Acta Semiotica Estica. III. Lk. 221

  15. Paris Photo 2015 / Kristel Schwede, Annika Haas, Laura Põld, Piret Frey

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2015-01-01

    Rahvusvaheline fotomess "Paris Photo 2015" 12. kuni 15. novembrini Pariisi messihallis Grand Palais. Eestit esindasid messil oma loominguga Jaanus Samma, Sigrid Viir, Krista Mölder (Temnikova & Kasela galerii)

  16. Erich Frey and associates: a bold contribution to South African silver ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    He incorporated materials other than precious stones (such as wood and ivory) in his designs and explored these materials' natural form, texture and colour in composing their precious metal settings. By making use of semi-precious stones he helped stimulate the development of a gemmological industry in the country.

  17. Lahinguväljalt ärikooli / Jane Porter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Porter, Jane

    2008-01-01

    Ameerikas tsiviilellu naasnud sõjaväelaste üha populaarsemaks muutunud otsusest asuda õppima ärikoolidesse. Sõjaväelise taustaga õppuritest on huvitatud ka nii ärikoolid kui ettevõtted, kuna nad on distsiplineeritud ja omavad juhtimiskogemust

  18. Merekultuuriaasta haridusprogramm pälvis suurt huvi / Jane Niit

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Niit, Jane

    2016-01-01

    Märtsist maini rändas TTÜ Eesti mereakadeemia koordineeritav mereteemaline haridusprogramm mööda Eesti kõiki maakondi ning vabatahtlikud külalisõpetajad pidasid kokku 330 külalistundi 147 koolis ja 18 asutuses

  19. Jane f. Kelly and catherine l. Ward Department of Psychology ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Department of Psychology, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa ... Substance abuse and criminality are critical problems in South Africa, yet ... cial behaviour can be divided into two groups ..... Primary Prevention, 23, 483-514.

  20. 233 Meaning and the Second Language Learner Jane Nkechi ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ike Odimegwu

    second language learner seeks to interpret word meaning without reference to the .... Meaning can be natural but language is conventional - that is there is no .... language learner is usually engaged in processing contextual information to ...

  1. CODE SWITCHING: A VARIATION IN LANGUAGE USE. Jane ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    MISS NWOBU

    incompetence either in the first language (L1) or the target language (L2) or both. ... mutual investment in the linguistic market place because languages and ... Sociolinguistically, code-switching is a communication strategy and could be ...

  2. Eesti rahvusbibliograafia andmebaas on iseseisev andmekogu / Jane Makke

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Makke, Jane, 1976-

    2015-01-01

    Eesti rahvusbibliograafia andmebaasi (http://erb.nlib.ee) koostamisest, kasutamisest, pakutavatest uutest otsivõimalustest ning ees ootavatest uuendustest. Analüüsitud on ka ERB-i kasutamist ja tutvustatud statistika uuendusi

  3. Male Nurses: More Like John Doe Than Jane Doe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCutcheon, Lynn E.

    A study of 66 female and 56 male nurses employed in central Florida investigated the relationship between nursing experience and sex-role orientation and values. Nursing experience and degrees were similarly distributed across genders in the sample of nurses. The Bem Sex Role Inventory, a checklist of stereotypically feminine and masculine…

  4. Uta Felten, Tanja Schwan (Hg.: Frida Kahlo. Berlin: edition tranvía – Verlag Walter Frey 2008

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tabea Huth

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Im vorliegenden Sammelband bemühen sich die Autor/-innen um eine Neubewertung des Werks der mexikanischen Künstlerin Frida Kahlo (1907–1954 im Kontext aktueller theoretischer Debatten und stellen die Frage nach der Verortung der Künstlerin in der zeitgenössischen mexikanischen und europäischen Kunstszene. Unter der Verwendung von theoretischen Ansätzen aus der Erforschung von Intermedialität, Gender, Performanz und Hybridität sowie Inspirationen aus der postkolonialen Theorie analysieren die Autoren/-innen das Zusammenspiel von Leben, Werk und Rezeption der Künstlerin. Das Interesse an der Inszenierung des fragmentierten weiblichen Körpers im Kontext kultureller Hybridität verbindet die einzelnen Aufsätze – was leider im Titel des Bandes nicht ganz deutlich wird.The authors of the collected volume at hand attempt a reassessment of the work of the Mexican artist Frida Kahlo (1907–1954 in the context of current theoretical debates. They question how to best locate the artist within the contemporary Mexican and European art scene. The authors analyze the interplay between life, work, and reception of the artist by utilizing theoretical approaches from research on intermediality, gender, performance, and hybridity as well as inspirations from postcolonial theory. The interest in the staging of the fragmented female body in the context of cultural hybridity ties the individual essays together. This is unfortunately not made clear in the title of the volume.

  5. Rezension zu: Uta Felten, Tanja Schwan (Hg.: Frida Kahlo. Berlin: edition tranvía – Verlag Walter Frey 2008

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tabea Huth

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Im vorliegenden Sammelband bemühen sich die Autor/-innen um eine Neubewertung des Werks der mexikanischen Künstlerin Frida Kahlo (1907–1954 im Kontext aktueller theoretischer Debatten und stellen die Frage nach der Verortung der Künstlerin in der zeitgenössischen mexikanischen und europäischen Kunstszene. Unter der Verwendung von theoretischen Ansätzen aus der Erforschung von Intermedialität, Gender, Performanz und Hybridität sowie Inspirationen aus der postkolonialen Theorie analysieren die Autoren/-innen das Zusammenspiel von Leben, Werk und Rezeption der Künstlerin. Das Interesse an der Inszenierung des fragmentierten weiblichen Körpers im Kontext kultureller Hybridität verbindet die einzelnen Aufsätze – was leider im Titel des Bandes nicht ganz deutlich wird.

  6. Kontsernisisese cash pooling'u kasutamise võimalikud piirangud / Karl Kull

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kull, Karl, 1987-

    2011-01-01

    Cash pooling’ust kui finantsjuhtimise ühest alaliigist. Cash pooling’u kasutamise piirangutest: äriseadustiku §-des 159 ja 281 sätestatud laenukeelust ning emaettevõtja kohustuste võimalikust rikkumisest

  7. Economic loss caused by GMOs in Estonia / Irene Kull, Villu Kõve

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kull, Irene, 1961-

    2008-01-01

    Lepinguvälisest vastutusest, tootja vastutusest, vastutusest suurema ohu allikaga tekitatud kahju eest, geneetiliselt muundatud organismidega tekitatud kahjust, varaline kahjust, mittevaraline kahjust

  8. Ühe novelli lugu : subjektiivne kirjanduslooline etüüd / Aivar Kull

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kull, Aivar, 1955-

    2015-01-01

    Mait Metsanurga pikemast novellist "Dora Praats", mis ilmus 1943. a. vene keeles; avaldatud ka 16-osalise järjejutuna Toronto ajalehes "Vaba Eestlane" (8. veebr. - 2. aprill 1958) ning Mait Metsanurga novellikogumikus "Kreeps" (Tallinn : Eesti Raamat, 2005)

  9. Ühesugused sõnad - erinevad tähendused / Anne Kull

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kull, Anne

    2006-01-01

    Metafoorid muudavad viisi, kuidas mõeldakse probleemidest. kujutades ojekti või sündmust sarnasena mingile teisele objektile või sündmusele. Autor analüüsib näitena Lynn Randolphy maali "Laboratoorium, ehk Onkohiire kannatuslugu" (1994)

  10. Impact of multiple glacial surges - a geomorphological map from Brúarjökull, East Iceland

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjær, Kurt H.; Korsgaard, Niels Jákup; Schomacker, Anders

    2008-01-01

    of individual landforms. We mapped subglacial lineations such as flutes and drumlins on till plains, pitted outwash, eskers, minor meandering ridges, crevasse fill ridges, ice-free dead-ice moraine and concertina ridges, outwash fans and lake sediment plains. In addition, erosional drainage channels, ice...

  11. Metal scavenging by calcium carbonate at the Eyjafjallajökull volcano

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsson, J.; Stipp, S. L S; Makovicky, E.

    2014-01-01

    . Boxwork textures were observed within the porous calcite that probably originated from transformation of a metastable phase such as ikaite (CaCO3·6 H2O). A gradual decrease of conductivity from 1.8mS/cm at the river water outlet to 1.1mS/cm downstream and a clear drop in dissolved metal concentration...... were also scavenged from the river water, including Al, Fe, K, P, S, Si, Ti, V and the rare earth elements (REE). Our thermodynamic modeling suggests that, in addition to calcite and ikaite, silica, clay minerals, ferrihydrite, gibbsite and amorphous Ca, Mg carbonate minerals were supersaturated...

  12. Asendusemadusest tulenevate õigussuhete kvalifitseerimine Eesti rahvusvahelises eraõiguses / Janeli Mänd

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mänd, Janeli

    2016-01-01

    Asendusemaduse õiguslikust definitsioonist Eesti õiguskorras, karistusseadustiku §-st 132. Lapse suhetest asendusemaga, vanemateks saada soovivate isikute ning asendusemade ja seemnerakudoonorite vahelistest suhetest

  13. Mathematics in the Age of Jane Austen: Essential Skills of 1800.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gray, S. I. B.

    2000-01-01

    Discusses textbooks from the 1800s for young ladies versus young men, for the youngest students, more advanced students, and university students. Regards these publications as furnishing a record of the skills thought to be essential at the turn of the previous century. (KHR)

  14. Some of My Favorite Books Are by Young Adult Authors and Some Are by Jane Austen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Small, Robert C., Jr.

    1986-01-01

    Discusses the benefits of reading young adult novels. Remarks on their serious intent, careful craftmanship, effective expression, as well as their ability to illuminate the human condition and provide insights. (EL)

  15. Jane Austen and Imperialism--A Rereading of "Pride and Prejudice"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Runjiang; Li, Yucheng

    2009-01-01

    This thesis attempts to search for the clues related to British domestic exploitation of the peasant labors and overseas colonization of other countries after rereading the novel "Pride and Prejudice," with an aim to bring out Austen's intimacy with Imperialism. It will offer some insights into a better understanding of provincial world…

  16. Aesthetics and Humean Aesthetic Norms in the Novels of Jane Austen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dadlez, Eva M.

    2008-01-01

    During the eighteenth century, amateurs as well as philosophers ventured critical commentary on the arts. Talk concerning taste or beauty or the sublime was so much a part of general discourse that even novelists of that era incorporated such subjects in their work. So it would not be surprising to find that perspectives on aesthetics are…

  17. Jane Austen: A Collection of Critical Essays. Twentieth Century Views Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watt, Ian, Ed.

    One of a series of works aimed at presenting contemporary critical opinion on major authors, this collection includes essays by Virginia Woolf, C. S. Lewis, Edmund Wilson, Ian Watt, Alan D. McKillop, Reuben A. Brower, Marvin Mudrick, Mark Schorer, Arnold Kettle, Lionel Trilling, Kingsley Amis, Andrew H. Wright, Donald J. Greene, and D. W.…

  18. The World Congress of Paediatric Cardiology and Cardiac Surgery: a short factual history by Jane Somerville.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Somerville, Jane

    2012-12-01

    The World Congress of Paediatric Cardiology and Cardiac Surgery has survived with minimal assets and simple organisation. Each congress is special, taking on the humour, flavour, and culture of the organising country. It is hard work for a few organisers and money is hard to raise. The steering committee works closely, fairly, and successfully, and even though accused of being secretive and effete that does not matter. It is efficient and produces successful, happy world congresses, where all involved with the speciality are welcome. With so many "grown-ups" with congenital heart disease, it is no longer just a paediatric problem - maybe the name of this congress must change again. Regardless, the flag must fly on.

  19. The Wandering Jew in Novels of Jane Austen: The Pursuit of an Organic Whole in Romanticism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rebecca Kenseh Madaki

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Austen’s fictions may or may not set out to express the framework of imagery that projects the division of beings into four levels as enumerated by Northrop Frye in his Essay “The drunken boat: the revolutionary element in Romanticism”, her works, like the Romanticism poets are greatly influenced by this framework. This framework is found in the imagery of pre- Romanticism poetry and is the basis for the conflict between the Romanticism and the pre-Romanticism one despite their affiliation and similarities. Frye expounds the influence of this framework in the poetic garden of imagery in Romanticism, this work attempts to expand the influence in the prose garden of Austen’s symbolic expressions. Austen uses symbolism to interpret the structure of beings and their station, the concept of alienation, the journey, and the quest and finally the formation of an organic whole; the superb inter-change of the masculine and feminine domain in metaphoric representation excels Austen’s works within Romanticism expressions.

  20. O GUME DA IRONIA EM MACHADO DE ASSIS E JANE AUSTEN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SANDRA GUARDINI TEIXEIRA VASCONCELOS

    Full Text Available A partir de uma observação de John Gledson, que sugere "uma profunda afinidade entre Machado de Assis e Austen, sobretudo em sua ironia onipresente, meticulosa e implicitamente agressiva" (cf. "A parasita azul", tenciono investigar o potencial dessa afinidade, interrogando os usos que ambos fizeram da ironia como arma de crítica social e as possíveis diferenças que se podem estabelecer entre o modo como cada escritor a mobiliza para dar conta de representar o mundo que era o seu.

  1. Remediating Jane Austen through the Gothic: “Pride and Prejudice and Zombies”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serena Baiesi

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of my article will be that of discussing a recent transformation of the novel by the American writer Seth Grahame-Smith: his gothic adaptation Pride and Prejudice and Zombies (2009. This version is not just inspired by the Romantic novelist, but it keeps up a dialogue and a constant reference to her, captivating the readers into a constant confrontation between past and present, tradition and innovation, conventions and subversion, seriousness and satire. This new product is an interesting example of literary remediation of the original Pride and Prejudice, created to engage the contemporary audience to copy and interact with a challenging society, which, far from being stable and rational, is scary and full of mystery.

  2. Conversation, characterisation and corpus linguistics: Dialogue in Jane Austen’s Sense and Sensibility

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E.H. Hubbard

    2002-08-01

    Full Text Available This article reports on a corpus-based exploration of the role that fictional dialogue plays in characterisation. The focus is on the two main characters of Austen’s Sense and Sensibility and (a the extent to which certain features of their dialogue can be said to tie in with general perceptions that Elinor represents the “sense” and Marianne the “sensibility” of the novel’s title; and (b the extent to which Austen can be said to have exploited these features to enable the sisters to speak with subtly differing voices. The features themselves were drawn from two linguistic frameworks, namely cohesion in text linguistics (specifically, the category of conjunctive cohesion as originated by Halliday and Hasan (1976, and the category of “involvement” in register analysis (most prominently, Biber 1988. The density of these features in each dialogue was calculated, compared statistically and salient differences considered in relation to the focal issues of the study. Although two of the five hypotheses formulated were not supported, the results overall provided strong indications that Austen successfully distinguishes between the sisters through their dialogue, and often in ways that link with less subtle, more explicit cues to their character that are given in the text. The study thus reveals how certain text-linguistic and register features can underpin characterisation in fiction, and in so doing explicates aspects of what it is that readers and literary critics respond to when they comment on characterisation in a novel.

  3. Can Jane Get a Mortgage Loan? Depends on When and Where

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexis Antoniades

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available By analyzing data from 102 million mortgage loan applications in the US between 2004–2012 (about 90% of all applications across 3,141 counties and 8,000 financial institutions, we investigate whether applicants’ gender matters in the bank's lending decision. We find evidence that female applicants face a higher rejection rate than males, holding all else constant. Similar results are obtained for Hispanic applicants compared to non-Hispanics, and minorities compared to non-minorities. Moreover, we document that this discrimination is pro-cyclical (i.e. peaks in recessions and that it varies substantially across states. Most importantly, we show that non-economic factors help explain the variation in discrimination across states while economic factors do not. Specifically, we find that gender discrimination in lending is higher in states with (i high level of conservatism, (ii low support for gay rights, and (iii low female representation in the state legislature (JEL E32, G21, J16.

  4. Jane Jacobs and the Dilemma of Life and Learning in Rural Areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howley, Craig B.

    Recent work by both neoclassical and political economists suggests the scope of the influence of economic structures on rural socioeconomic conditions and rural education. In particular, dual labor-market analyses look beneath the surface of the macroeconomy--the national economy--to the underlying reality of regional or sectoral economic…

  5. Gender Stereotyped Descriptors in Children's Picture Books: Does "Curious Jane" Exist in the Literature?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turner-Bowker, Diane M.

    1996-01-01

    Subtle effects of gender stereotyping in children's literature were studied in 30 noted children's books from 1984 through 1994. Results show more males in titles and pictures, with no difference in central roles. Males were described as more active, but adjectives used for females were more positively evaluated. (SLD)

  6. Educación participatica de adultos. El modelo dialogante de Jane Vella. Experiencia en Chile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joaquín Montero Labbé

    2007-08-01

    El método habilita para planear, diseñar, ejecutar y evaluar procesos de aprendizaje efectivos en los espacios más diferentes, con aprendices y facilitadores de los más diversos orígenes, preservando sí el eje del proceso: el cuidado a las personas en su dignidad y su libertad. Quizás eso es la razón de su éxito.

  7. Interjööri kujunduse ja moekunsti seosed ja vastasmõjud / Jane Kukk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kukk, Jane

    2011-01-01

    Teoreetilise uurimuse eesmärgiks oli vaadelda disaini laiemalt, kõrvutades moe- ja interjööridisaini, looduskeskkonna, sotsiaalpoliitilise ja kultuuriruumi mõjutusi sellele ning jõudes järeldusele, et kõik disaini valdkonnad on tänu disainimise protsessi samale mudelile sarnased, on omavahel seotud ja võivad üksteist mõjutada, eriti tingimustes, kus moetööstus on laiendanud oma tegevust interjööri valdkonda, soovides luua terviklikku elustiili paketti tänapäeva tarbimisühiskonnas

  8. Bob and Jane go to Argentina: The Ethics of Cross-Border Care

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Williams-Jones, Bryn

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available This case study presents the story of a typical North American couple searching for fertility treatments on the Internet. This search leads to sites of clinics in other countries, which gets them thinking about traveling abroad for medical services – also known as medical tourism.

  9. The Fifteen Oes, the "Disticha Catonis," Marculfius, and Dick, Jane, and Sally

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noakes, Susan

    1977-01-01

    Available from: University of Chicago Library Society Bulletin, c/o Harriet Clouse, Library Development Office, Regenstein Library, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois; $7.50 per year; issued irregularly 2-3/year. Discusses late-medieval primary education, especially learning to read; indicates how such education affected the way adults used…

  10. George gives to geology Jane: The name letter effect and incidental similarity cues in fundraising

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bekkers, R.H.F.P.

    2010-01-01

    People tend to like others with attributes similar to their own (the similarity principle) and favor products with names similar to their own (the name letter effect). In the present field experiment, the name letter effect and similarity principle are tested in a phonaton among alumni of Utrecht

  11. George gives to geology Jane : the name letter effect and incidental similarity cues in fundraising

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bekkers, René H.F.P.

    2010-01-01

    - People tend to like others with attributes similar to their own (the similarity principle) and favor products with names similar to their own (the name letter effect). - In the present field experiment, the name letter effect and similarity principle are tested in a phonaton among alumni of

  12. Review of The Chicago Guide to Writing about Numbers by Jane E. Miller

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neil Lutsky

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Miller, J. E. 2004. The Chicago Guide to Writing about Numbers. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. 304 pp. Cloth $45 ISBN: 9780226526300, Softcover $17. ISBN: 9780226526317.The Chicago Guide to Writing about Numbers is a reference work suitable for anyone interested in understanding, using, or promoting quantitative thinking. Its primary aim is to identify and illustrate ways in which information associated with numbers can be conveyed most effectively given a particular communication purpose and context. The book is directed at writers who incorporate numbers in verbal or visual displays in documents, in oral presentations, or on the Web. The Chicago Guide to Writing about Numbers identifies overarching principles, offers concrete advice, and presents illuminating examples and models. The book can be used for instructional purposes for undergraduates, and a means of doing so is described. The review concludes by considering the book’s contributions to a wider call to help citizens write or argue more effectively by using numbers.

  13. Juhtimine raskel ajal / Jane E. Dutton, Perer J. Frost, Worline Monica C....[jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Artiklis analüüsitakse, kuidas peaksid juhid õnnetuste, tragöödiate, haiguste jms korral käituma ja millise keskkonna organisatsioonis kujundama. Lisad: Kaastunde uuringute ajaloost; Kuidas hinnata kaastundekeskkonda organisatsioonis

  14. Tervise edendamine ja kvaliteedi tagamine Eesti haiglates / Kaja Põlluste, Jane Alop, Eda Merisalu...[jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    1990ndate aastate keskel algatati Maailma Terviseorganisatsiooni eestvedamisel tervist edendavate haiglate (TEH) liikumine. TEH-võrgustikuga ühinenud ja võrgustikku mittekuuluvate Eesti haiglate tegevusest tervise edendamisel ja tervishoiuteenuste kvaliteedi tagamisel. Lisatud statistilised tabelid ja diagrammid

  15. The Paranormal in Jane Jensen’s “Gray Matter”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pavel Nosachev

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available The main research issue of this article is to determine the extent to which Western esotericism influences the formation of computer game plots. The methodological framework is the occultural bricolage theory (C. Partridge. This article looks at how the paranormal is represented in the game “Gray Matter”, created by J. Jensen. Jensen has always used occult bricolage as the main method for creating her games, but in “Gray Matter” this method is perfected. Although the game plot is built around paranormal events, they are not given any unambiguous interpretation; their status is the main question of the game. There are three answers to this question. The first answer is the beliefs of Sam Everett, a girl magician who does not believe in the supernatural. The second answer is the research of Dr. Styles, a neurobiologist convinced that the mind is an energy that can be objectified after death. The third answer is the theory of Dr. Ramusskin, a psi-phenomena specialist, who believes that super-abilities are real, and that spirits and the afterlife exist. It is the last answer that Jensen promotes in creating the game. The basis of “Gray matter” is a bricolage of Stephen King, the works of the Society for Psychical Research, works on parapsychology and the debates around psi-phenomena in neuropsychology.

  16. Inspired by Mary Jane? Mechanisms underlying enhanced creativity in cannabis users.

    Science.gov (United States)

    LaFrance, Emily M; Cuttler, Carrie

    2017-11-01

    Previous research suggests cannabis may enhance some aspects of creativity, although the results remain somewhat equivocal. Moreover, it is unclear whether differences in cannabis users' personalities may account for any potentially beneficial effects of cannabis on creativity. This study was designed to examine whether sober cannabis users demonstrate superior self-reported and objective creativity test performance relative to non-users, and to determine whether any of the Big 5 personality domains underlie these effects. A sample of sober cannabis users (n=412) and non-users (n=309) completed measures of cannabis consumption, personality, self-reported and objective creativity. Relative to non-users, sober cannabis users self-reported higher creativity, and performed significantly better on a measure of convergent thinking. Controlling for cannabis users' higher levels of openness to experience abolished these effects. Therefore, while cannabis users appear to demonstrate enhanced creativity, these effects are an artifact of their heightened levels of openness to experience. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. OECD - Majandusliku Koostöö ja Arengu Organisatsioon / Kairi Saar, Jane Makke

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saar, Kairi, 1973-

    2011-01-01

    Ülevaade OECD ajaloost, tegevusest, liikmesuse kriteeriumitest (riikide sarnane mõtteviis) ning majandusprognoose, uuringuid ja statistikat sisaldavatest väljaannetest. Eesti liitumisest organisatsiooniga 2010. a., Eesti ja Balti riikide kohta avaldatud väljaanded. Rahvusraamatukogu kui OECD hoiuraamatukogu Eestis

  18. Assessment of the clinical relevance of quantitative sensory testing with Von Frey monofilaments in patients with allodynia and neuropathic pain. A pilot study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Keizer, D.; van Wijhe, M.; Post, W.J.; Uges, D.R.A.; Wierda, J.M.K.H.

    Background: Allodynia is a common and disabling symptom in many patients with neuropathic pain. Whereas quantification of pain mostly depends on subjective pain reports, allodynia can also be measured objectively with quantitative sensory testing. In this pilot study, we investigated the clinical

  19. Oluline lepingurikkumine taganemisõiguse eeldusena : [magistritöö] / Monika Palu ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Irene Kull

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Palu, Monika

    2009-01-01

    Olulise lepingurikkumise mõistest ja selle rakendusalast, objektiivsetest elementidest, tahtlusest või raskest hooletusest kohustuse rikkumisel olulise lepingurikkumise subjektiivsete elementidena, rikkumise liikidest

  20. Frantsiisilepingu eelne teavitamiskohustus : [bakalaureusetöö] / Epp Aasaru ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Irene Kull

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aasaru, Epp

    2003-01-01

    Frantsiisilepingu olemus ja õiguslik reguleerimine, teavitamiskohustus, õiguskaitsevahendid teavitamiskohustuse rikkumisel (täitmisnõue, tehingu tühistamine, lepingust taganemine ja ülesütlemine, kahjuhüvitisnõuded)

  1. VAT on leasing : [teadusmagistritöö] / Denis Polman ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendajad: Irene Kull, Lasse Lehis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Polman, Denis

    2003-01-01

    Liisingu mõiste erinevusi, liisingtehingute käibemaksustamise ülevaade, liisingutehingute käive Euroopa Liidu ühtse käibemaksusüsteemi seisukohalt, liisingu käibemaksukäsitlus Eestis. - Kaitses 16. 01. 2004. a. Tartu Ülikoolis

  2. 'Ja-nee. No, I'm fine': A note on YES and NO in South Africa

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Kate H

    Our first argument against the only-use analysis draws on our understanding of the formal ... Jespersen's Cycle (Jespersen 1917; see van der Auwera 2010, and Willis, Lucas and .... “Yes, my old pal, life is just a tough one!” ..... above: YES - in other words, Yes, it is true: John does not drink coffee., or Yes, I agree with.

  3. Euroopa Liidu tulevikuväljavaated ja Eesti : võimalused ja valikud / Jane Õispuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Õispuu, Jane

    2006-01-01

    Euroopa Liidu tulevikuväljavaadete kolm strateegilist suunda: institutsionaalsed uuendused, poliitikate ümberkujundamine ning poliitilise otsustusprotsessi reform; põhipunktid, millest Eestil tasub oma europoliitikas juhinduda

  4. Revisiting Jane Austen's Theory of Marriage Timing: Changes in Union Formation among American Men in the Late 20th Century

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sassler, Sharon; Goldscheider, Frances

    2004-01-01

    This article examines union entrance among never-married young men, focusing on whether the importance of a man's being economically established to marry has decreased in this new era of cohabitation and working wives. The authors test this assumption by examining marriage and cohabitation as competing risks to see whether the importance of…

  5. Diversity and social cohesion : the case of Jane-Finch, a highly diverse lower-income Toronto neighbourhood

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ahmadi, D.

    2017-01-01

    Diversity has increasingly emerged as the core focus of many studies concerning factors impacting on social cohesion. Various scholars have concluded that diversity is detrimental to cohesion. Most of this research, however, draws generalisations based upon quantitative data and fails to account

  6. Sõiduki esmane kasutusele võtmine käibemaksuseaduse mõttes / Jane Perv, Revo Krause

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Perv, Jane

    2017-01-01

    Sõiduki esmase kasutusele võtmisega seotud käibemaksuregulatsioonist ja probleemidest selle tõlgendamisel. Uue transpordivahendi regulatsioonist Eesti käibemaksuseaduses, maksuhalduri kaalutlusruumist. Tõendamiskoormise jagunemisest maksuhalduri ja maksukohustuslase vahel. Sisaldab asjakohast kohtupraktikat

  7. Tipus või mitte - see on küsimus : kohtumised Katmandus / Elisabeth Hawley ; vestelnud Jane Riga

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hawley, Elisabeth

    2014-01-01

    Elisabeth Hawley asutatud Himalayan Database kogub andmeid Himaalaja tipputõusude kohta. Elisabeth Hawley räägib lugusid legendaarsetest tippjõudjatest. Intervjuu Hawley assistendi Billi Bierlingiga andmebaasist

  8. Spontaneous Gender Categorization in Masking and Priming Studies: Key for Distinguishing Jane from John Doe but Not Madonna from Sinatra

    Science.gov (United States)

    Habibi, Ruth; Khurana, Beena

    2012-01-01

    Facial recognition is key to social interaction, however with unfamiliar faces only generic information, in the form of facial stereotypes such as gender and age is available. Therefore is generic information more prominent in unfamiliar versus familiar face processing? In order to address the question we tapped into two relatively disparate stages of face processing. At the early stages of encoding, we employed perceptual masking to reveal that only perception of unfamiliar face targets is affected by the gender of the facial masks. At the semantic end; using a priming paradigm, we found that while to-be-ignored unfamiliar faces prime lexical decisions to gender congruent stereotypic words, familiar faces do not. Our findings indicate that gender is a more salient dimension in unfamiliar relative to familiar face processing, both in early perceptual stages as well as later semantic stages of person construal. PMID:22389697

  9. Stuck in the Out-Group: Jennifer Can't Grow Up, Jane's Invisible, and Janet's Over the Hill

    OpenAIRE

    Kaatz, Anna; Carnes, Molly

    2014-01-01

    Fifty years after Title IX, women remain sparsely represented in high ranks and leadership in academic medicine. Although men and women enter the career pipeline at similar rates, academic medicine does not equivalently advance them. Currently, women account for 32% of associate professors, 20% of full professors, 14% of department chairs, and 11% of deans at U.S. medical schools—far from the near sex parity seen in medical students since the 1990s. Over 30 years of research confirms that gen...

  10. Stuck in the out-group: Jennifer can't grow up, Jane's invisible, and Janet's over the hill.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaatz, Anna; Carnes, Molly

    2014-06-01

    Fifty years after Title IX, women remain sparsely represented in high ranks and leadership in academic medicine. Although men and women enter the career pipeline at similar rates, academic medicine does not equivalently advance them. Currently, women account for 32% of associate professors, 20% of full professors, 14% of department chairs, and 11% of deans at U.S. medical schools--far from the near sex parity seen in medical students since the 1990s. Over 30 years of research confirms that gender stereotypes can operate to disadvantage women in review processes and consequently bar their advancement in domains like science and medicine. The authors present three vignettes to illustrate how gender stereotypes can also operate to disadvantage women in social interactions by positioning them in the "out-group" for many career-advancing opportunities. The authors argue that policies alone will not achieve gender equity in the academic medicine workforce. Addressing stereotype-based gender bias is critical for the future of academic medicine. Interventions that treat gender bias as a remediable habit show promise in promoting gender equity and transforming institutional culture to achieve the full participation of women at all career stages. A critical step is to recognize when gender stereotyped assumptions are influencing judgments and decision making in ourselves and others, challenge them as unjust, and deliberately practice replacing them with accurate and objective data.

  11. Lepingust taganemisest olulise lepingurikkumise tõttu modernses lepinguõiguses : [bakalaureusetöö] / Marko Mehilane ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Irene Kull

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mehilane, Marko, 1978-

    2003-01-01

    Lepingust taganemine olulise lepingurikkumise tõttu ÜRO rahvusvaheliste müügilepingute konventsioonis, UNIDROIT rahvusvaheliste kaubanduslepingute printsiipides, Euroopa lepinguõiguse printsiipides ja võlaõigusseaduses, oluline lepingurikkumine - võimalus ühetaoliseks tõlgendamiseks

  12. Õiguste kuritarvitamise keeld Eesti tsiviilõiguses : [bakalaureusetöö] / Gerly Lõhmus ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Irene Kull

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lõhmus, Gerly, 1988-

    2010-01-01

    Õiguste kuritarvitamise keelust Eesti tsiviilõiguses, kohaldamise eeldustest, liikidest. Õiguste kuritarvitamisest kahju tekitamise eesmärgil, tagajärgedest, eristamisest heade kommete vastasest käitumisest

  13. Elukutselise võistkonnasportlase õiguslikust seisundist ja õiguste kaitsest : [bakalaureusetöö] / Liina Teras ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Irene Kull

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teras, Liina

    1999-01-01

    Spordisuhete reguleerimisest: seadusandlik, spordisisene, lepinguõiguslik. Võistkonnasportlase õiguslik seisund, mängijaleping - sõlmimine, poolte kohustused, lepingu rikkumine ja lõpetamine, kahju hüvitamine, õigusvaidluste lahendamine ja kohtupraktika

  14. Nõudeõiguse loovutamine ja võla ülekandmine : [bakalaureusetöö] / Liina Pohlak ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Irene Kull

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pohlak, Liina

    1995-01-01

    Nõudeõiguse loovutamine (ajalooline kujunemine, mõiste ja tingimused, vorminõuded, loovutamise kord, tagajärjed, võlgniku kaitse), võla ülekandmine (ajalooline kujunemine, mõiste, kord, tagajärjed). Vt. ka: Juridica (1995) nr. 6, lk. 238-240

  15. Korteriomandist tulenevad õigussuhted (probleemide võrdlev käsitlus) : [bakalaureusetöö] / Kaupo Paal ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Irene Kull

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paal, Kaupo, 1977-

    2000-01-01

    Korteriomandi kujunemine, eeldused, põhjused, ajaloolis-võrdlev ülevaade, korteriomandi olemus - sellest tulenevad õigused ja kohustused, korteriomanike ühisus Saksamaal, Šveitsis, Skandinaaviamaades, Eestis

  16. Sõltuvussuhtes sõlmitud käendusleping : [magistritöö] / Laura Kask ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Irene Kull

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kask, Laura, 1988-

    2013-01-01

    Käendusest kui isiklikust tagatisest, perekondlikest sõltuvussuhetest käenduslepingus, sõltuvussuhtest juriidiliste isikute kohustuste käendamisel, sõltuvussuhtes sõlmitud globaalsest tagatiskokkuleppest

  17. Väärtpaberite pantimise õiguslikud aspektid : [bakalaureusetöö] / Ardo-Heiki Ingar ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Irene Kull

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ingar, Ardo-Heiki

    2006-01-01

    Väärtpaberitagatistest Eesti õiguskorras, tagamistehingud ja tagatised, väärtpaberitehingute tagamine pandiga, Euroopa Parlamendi ja nõukogu finantstagatiskokkulepete direktiivi rakendamine Eesti õiguskorras, Eesti väärtpaberitagatiste regulatsiooni vastavus EBRD poolt

  18. Teavitamiskohustus ja tarbija kaitse elektrooniliste sidevahendite kaudu sõlmitavates lepingutes (direktiivi ettepanek) : [bakalaureusetöö] / Erik Salur ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Irene Kull

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Salur, Erik

    2009-01-01

    Tarbijakaitselistest eesmärkidest teavitamiskohustuse kehtestamisel, elektrooniliste sidevahenditega sõlmitud lepingutest kui reguleerimisobjektidest, nõuetest edastatava teabe sisule ja vormile, teavitamiskohustuste rikkumise tagajärgedest

  19. Design and construction of a testbed for the application of real volcanic ash from the Eyjafjallajökull and Grimsvötn eruptions to microgas turbines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weber, Konradin; Fischer, Christian; Lange, Martin; Schulz, Uwe; Naraparaju, Ravisankar; Kramer, Dietmar

    2017-04-01

    It is well known that volcanic ash clouds emitted from erupting volcanoes pose a considerable threat to the aviation. The volcanic ash particles can damage the turbine blades and their thermal barrier coatings as well as the bearings of the turbine. For a detailed investigation of this damaging effect a testbed was designed and constructed, which allowed to study the damaging effects of real volcanic ash to an especially for these investigations modified microgas turbine. The use of this microgas turbine had the advantage that it delivers near reality conditions, using kerosene and operating at similar temperatures as big turbines, but at a very cost effective level. The testbed consisted out of a disperser for the real volcanic ash and all the equipment needed to control the micro gas turbine. Moreover, in front and behind the microgas turbine the concentration and the distribution of the volcanic ash were measured online by optical particle counters (OPCs). The particle concentration and size distribution of the volcanic ash particles in the intake in front of the microgas turbine was measured by an optical particle counter (OPC) combined with an isokinetic intake. Behind the microgas turbine in the exhaust gas additionally to the measurement with a second OPC ash particles were caught with an impactor, in order to enable the later analysis with an electron microscope concerning the morphology to verify possible melting processes of the ash particles. This testbed is of high importance as it allows detailed investigations of the impact of volcanic ash to jet turbines and appropriate countermeasures.

  20. Pilveteenuse osutamisel tekkiva õigussuhte kvalifitseerimine Eesti õiguses : [magistritöö] / Kristel Tuul ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Irene Kull

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuul, Kristel, 1990-

    2014-01-01

    Pilveteenuse mõistest ja pilveteenuste liikidest, pilveteenuse osutamisel sõlmitava lepingu esemest, pilveteenuse lepingu subjektidest, pilveteenuse lepingu sisu kujunemisest, pilveteenuse lepingu sisu vastavusest litsentsi-, teenuse osutamise ja kasutuslepingu tunnustele

  1. Eluruumi kvaliteedi mittevastavus lepingutingimustele müüja ja kinnisvaramaakleri vastutuse alusena : [magistritöö] / Monika Pihlak ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Irene Kull

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pihlak, Monika, 1990-

    2015-01-01

    Kinnisasjadele eluruumidena esitatavatest nõuetest, ostja teadmisest või teadma pidamisest asja mittevastavusest, müüja teavitamiskohustusest, VÕS § 218 lg 1 kui vastutusstandardist ja rikkumisele tuginemisest, maakleri teavitamiskohustusest ja selle rikkumise tagajärgedest

  2. Kohustiste mittetäitmine ja selle õiguslikud tagajärjed : [bakalaureusetöö] / Krista Soa ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Irene Kull

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soa, Krista

    1995-01-01

    Kohustiste mittetäitmise mõiste, liigid ja õiguslikud tagajärjed, kahjude hüvitamise kohustus kohustise mittetäitmisel, natuuras täitmisele sundimine ja ühepoolse lõpetamise õigus kohustise mittetäitmisel

  3. Hoiuleping - Rooma eraõigusest võlaõigusseaduse eelnõuni : [bakalaureusetöö] / Ergo Blumfeldt ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Irene Kull

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Blumfeldt, Ergo, 1975-

    2000-01-01

    Hoiulepingu piiritlemine tänapäeva võlaõigusseaduse süsteemis, hoiulepingu kui iseseisva lepinguliigi väljakujunemine Rooma õiguses, hoiuleping kehtivas õiguses ning võlaõigusseaduse eelnõus

  4. Eluasemelaenu lepingupoolte huvide kaitse - abinõude kriitika ja lahendused : [bakalaureusetöö] / Susann Mikli ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Irene Kull

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mikli, Susann, 1988-

    2010-01-01

    Eluasemelaenu lepingust ja täitmise tagamisest, krediidiandja ja krediidisaaja positsioonist eluasemelaenulepingu sõlmimisel, eluasemelaenu tagamise probleemi lahendustest Euroopa riikides, lahendusvõimalustest Eesti õiguses

  5. Vastuväited globaalse tagatiskokkuleppe realiseerimisnõudele : [magistritöö] / Kaspar Koppel ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Irene Kull

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koppel, Kaspar, 1988-

    2014-01-01

    Globaalsest tagatiskokkuleppe mõistest ja kasutamisest, globaalse tagatiskokkuleppe tühisusest vastuolu tõttu heade kommetega, globaalse tagatiskokkuleppe tühisusest tüüptingimusena ja vastuolust hea usu põhimõttega

  6. Kohustiste täitmine ja tagamise vahendid : [bakalaureusetöö] / Marek Sepp ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Irene Kull

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sepp, Marek

    1994-01-01

    Kohustiste täitmine, nõuetekohase täitmise printsiip, vastastikune täitmine, deponeerimine, kohustiste täitmine natuuras; kohustiste täitmise tagamine (käendus, garantii, leppetrahv, käsiraha, pant)

  7. AIJ in Russia. Converting from coal to bioenergy in Kaliningrad[AIJ, Activities Implemented Jointly]; AIJ i Russland. Konvertering fra kull til bioenergi i Kaliningrad i Russland

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gulbrandsen, Thor Henning; Veiby, Ole

    2000-07-01

    This report discusses energy- and environmental consequences of converting from a coal-fired heating plant to a biomass-fired heating plant in a large residential area in Kaliningrad. The results of the study are based on accurate technical measurements on the plants, data collection and price information from the suppliers of equipment and fuel. The costs of CO{sub 2} reduction are found to be NOK 40 - 45 per tonne. This compares favourably with national taxes on climate gases, which in Norway amount to NOK 160 - 400 per tonne reduced CO{sub 2}. The study will form the basis of a pilot project on the implementation of flexible mechanisms for reducing the emission of climate gases as agreed upon in the Kyoto Protocol.

  8. Üürniku poolt asjale tehtud kulutuste hüvitamine : [magistritöö] / Kristjan Mugra ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Irene Kull

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mugra, Kristjan

    2011-01-01

    Kulutuste hüvitamise eesmärgist, lepingulisel alusel hüvitamisele kuuluvatest kulutustest, asja omaniku nõusolekul tehtud muudatuste ja parenduste hüvitamisest, nõuetest lepinguvälistel alustel

  9. Seaduses kohustuse kohta sätestatu kohaldamine mittetäielikele kohustustele : [bakalaureusetöö] / Glen Roosaar ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Irene Kull

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Roosaar, Glen, 1986-

    2013-01-01

    Eraõiguse üldsätete kohaldamisest mittetäielike kohustustele, õiguspõhimõtete rollist mittetäielike kohustuste sisustamisel, kohustuse rikkumisest ja vastutuse sätete kohaldamisest mittetäielikele kohustustele, mittetäieliku kohustuse ümberkujundamisest täielikuks kohustuseks

  10. Kas Eesti raamatupidajat oodatakse välismaal? / Taavi Alas ; kommenteerinud Ragnar Everest, Anne Jakobsson, Jane-Liina Liiv, Kaire Vahermets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alas, Taavi

    2013-01-01

    Eesti Töötukassa EURES teenusejuht Marta Traks ning Talentor Estonia / In Re OÜ konsultant ja partner Marit Antik analüüsivad Eesti raamatupidaja võimalusi leida oma erialal tööd Soomes ja Rootsis

  11. Haldusakti kehtetuks tunnistamine isiku kasuks haldusorgani poolt maksukorralduse seaduses : [bakalaureusetöö] / Jane Rõuk ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Lasse Lehis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rõuk, Jane, 1985-

    2013-01-01

    Õigusvastasest kuid kehtivast haldusaktist, maksuhalduri kohustusest haldusakti kehtetuks tunnistamiseks isiku kasuks kehtiva õiguse järgi, õiguse üldpõhimõtetest haldusakti kehtetuks tunnistamisel

  12. The Construction of Epistolary Identity in a Gentry’s Communication Network of the Seventeenth Century: The Case of Jane Lady Cornwallis Bacon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriella Del Lungo Camiciotti

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available There has recently been increasing scholarly interest in early modern correspondence and specifically also in women’s letter writing and reading. Starting from the late Middle Ages familiar responsibilities and domestic obligations led many women to write to their absent husbands or other relatives to exchange health news and inform them about family affairs. It is however in the early modern period that corresponding with relatives and friends became a widespread social practice ranging from official to familiar and personal correspondence; in this period female literacy increased thus allowing growing numbers of women to write and read their own letters. A growing number of female voices can thus be heard depicting early modern social life. The article focuses on a neglected aspect of women’s correspondence: it investigates not the sender’s epistolary identity, but that of the recipient through the analysis of the personal correspondence of Lady Cornwallis Bacon. The main theme of the article is to show how the epistolary identity of an early modern gentlewoman was constructed by her correspondents. It is assumed that modes of communicating information and achieving a specific goal through letters varied not only according to the relationship connecting the correspondents but also the purpose and content of letters. 

  13. “Jihad Cool/Jihad Chic”: The Roles of the Internet and Imagined Relations in the Self-Radicalization of Colleen LaRose (Jihad Jane

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caroline Joan S. Picart

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The internet provides the means through which a “self-activating terrorist” may first self-radicalize through some imaginary or sympathetic connection with an organized terrorist network. Additionally, the internet allows such a self-activating terrorist to move into the stage of radical violent action. The internet serves both functions by providing the lone wolf with not only a rhetorical medium for self-justification and communication through the use of “monster talk” and its converse, the rhetoric about the “good citizen,” but it is also a source for relatively inexpensive and more unpredictable technologies of mass destruction. Crucial to this analysis is the distinction between radicalization of thought and radicalization of action, as a theoretical rhetoric of radicalization does not automatically convert into a rhetoric of radical action unless there are catalysts at work. The internet, as well as imagined relations cemented by the rhetorics of “jihadi cool” or “jihadi chic,” function as these crucial catalysts, galvanizing monster talk into monstrous action. The article focuses specifically on the case of self-activating terrorist Colleen LaRose to analyze how different factors—mental, psychological, social, and economic—interact with imaginative elements, such as surrogate father-mentor-lover relations for LaRose, and contribute to the formation of a self-activating terrorist, and what ultimately motivates and galvanizes her to move from a rhetoric of radical talk to a rhetoric of radical action, using Silber and Bhatt’s model of radicalization as an initial heuristic. In the case of Colleen LaRose, the romance of “jihadi chic” or “jihadi cool” (the converse of the rhetoric of the monstrous “infidel” or “lone wolf terrorist” was an essential factor to her self-radicalization. It is this imagined status of “jihadi chic” or “jihadi cool” (that nevertheless must somehow have a look of “reality” or “authenticity” and command a response from its audience that continues to be a crucial component of the success of recruitment strategies of radical jihadi groups, such as ISIS.

  14. Meediakunsti mainet saab tõsta ainult järjekindla tööga / Jane Suviste, Piibe Piirma ; interv. Reet Varblane

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Suviste, Jane

    2006-01-01

    Intervjuu 2006. a. jaanuaris loodud Eesti Meediakunstnike Ühingu asutajaliikmetega. Ühingu eesmärgist, MediaLabist Polümeeri tehases, koostööst EKA e-meedia keskusega, plaanitavast koostööst Tartu Kõrgema Kunstikooli ja Mooste külalisateljeega, austria kunstniku Barbara Musili videote näitusest MediaLabis 7. IV, mai algul toimunud üritusest "Switch", laste ja noorte kaasamisest jm.

  15. Inference of personality projected onto fictional characters having an author's first name.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barry, H

    2001-12-01

    Jane Austen projected some of her personality characteristics onto her fictional namesakes Jane Bennet in the novel Pride and Prejudice and Jane Fairfax in the novel Emma. Wishful fantasy seems satisfied by two attributes of both Janes. They are very beautiful, and they marry rich men they love. A feeling of inferiority was expressed by two attributes of both Janes, depicted as deficient in social communication and subordinate to the heroine of the novel.

  16. Эмаль дороже бриллиантов / Галина Балашова

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Балашова, Галина, 1943-

    2011-01-01

    Viini emaili-kunstniku Michaela Frey poolt 1951. a. asutatud ehtefirmast. Michaela partneriks sai 1972. a. Friedrich Wille, kes alates 1992. a. on ettevõtte ainuomanik. Kompaniid tuntakse 2003. aastast nime all Frey Wille. Firmas valmistatud email-ehetest

  17. Forum: Communication Activism Pedagogy. Look to Our Campuses for Focus and Inspiration

    Science.gov (United States)

    McConnell, Kathleen F.

    2017-01-01

    Lawrence R. Frey and David L. Palmer describe communication activism pedagogy (CAP) as "putting meat on critical pedagogy's theoretical bones" and applying theory to real-life activist movements (Frey & Palmer 2014). Their hope is to inspire students "beyond matriculation to develop their roles as activists," and Frey and…

  18. Vaata ja kuula / Annika Koppel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koppel, Annika

    2005-01-01

    Heliplaatidest: Jane Birkin "Randez-Vous", "Chill Brazili", "Jazzland Sampler 2005", Mylene Farmer "Avant Que L'Ombre". Norra ansamblist Jaga Jazzist (kontsert 15. juunil Pirita lillepaviljonis, soojendusesinejaks soome kitarrist Jarmo Saari). Jane Birkin esineb Tallinnas 29. juunil

  19. Privaatautonoomia piiramine hinna ja saadava väärtuse vahekorra määramisel : [magistritöö] / Vadim Doronin ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Irene Kull

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Doronin, Vadim

    2010-01-01

    Privaatautonoomia põhimõttest ja õigluse argumendist lepingu sisu hindamisel. Ajaloolises perspektiivis privaatautonoomia põhimõttest ning hinna ja saadava väärtuse vahekorrast lepingus. Liigkasuvõtmisest

  20. Hinnanguvõimalusega tühiste tüüptingimuste näidiskataloog võlaõigusseaduse eelnõus : [bakalaureusetöö] / Kaidi Meristo ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Irene Kull

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Meristo, Kaidi

    2000-01-01

    Tüüptingimuste registreerimise tähtsus, mõiste, üldised nõuded kehtivuseks, ebamõistlik või ebapiisavalt määratud tähtaeg, lepingutingimuste ühepoolse muutmise õigus, tahteavalduse fiktsioon, ebamõistlikult suur summa

  1. Aktsiaseltsi ja osaühingu kapitalinõuete rikkumine kontsernisisese cash pooling`u raames : [magistritöö] / Karl Kull ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Andres Vutt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kull, Karl, 1987-

    2011-01-01

    Cash poolingust kontsernis ja sellega seonduvatest kapitalinõuetest, kapitali sissemaksmise ja suurendamise nõuete rikkumistest, emaettevõtjale laenu andmise keelu rikkumisest, aktsionäri ja osaniku kohustuste rikkumisest

  2. Pärimisõiguse põhimõtete rakendamise ulatus Eesti pärimisõiguses : [teadusmagistritöö] / Urve Liin ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Irene Kull

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Liin, Urve, 1952-

    2006-01-01

    Kaitses 29. 11. 2006. a. Tartu Ülikoolis. - Koosneb U. Liini publikatsioonidest: On reform of Estonian succession law // Juridica International. III. Tartu, 1998, lk. 105-109 ; Pärimisõiguse põhimõtetest // Juridica (1999) nr. 3, lk. 141-147 ; Grundzüge des neuen estnischen Erbrechts // Jahrbuch für Ostrecht, Band 41/2. München, 2000, lk. 261-281 (kaasautor: Hausmann, Rainer) ; Abikaasa seadusjärgse pärimisõiguse reform Eestis Euroopa arengute taustal // Juridica (1998) nr. 4, lk. 174-180 ; Laws of succession in Europe and Estonia : how we got to where we are and where we should be heading // Juridica International. VI. Tartu, 2001, lk. 114-124 ; Testeerimisvõime vanuselisest alampiirist Eesti pärimisseaduses // Juridica (2000) nr. 6, lk. 343-350 ; Abikaasade vastastikusest testamendist // Juridica (2001) nr. 1, lk. 35-45 (kaasautor: Nagel, Ursula) ; Pärimisleping ja selle seosed võlaõigusega // Juridica (2003) nr. 10, lk. 697-707 ; Pärandi üleminek pärijale: vastuvõtusüsteem versus loobumissüsteem // Juridica (2003) nr. 1, lk. 45-56

  3. Võlgniku võimalused hagi tagamise korras peatada garantii andja poolt väljamakse tegemine võlausaldajale : [magistritöö] / Kristjan Mägi ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Irene Kull

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mägi, Kristjan

    2012-01-01

    Sõltumatu garantii tagamisfunktsioonist, võlgniku huvide kaitsest, väljamakse peatamise võimalustest ja meetmetest, hagi tagamise korras väljamakse peatamise taotluse põhistamisest ja tõenditest

  4. Töövõtu- ja käsunduslepingute sätete kohaldamine tarkvaraarenduse lepingutele : magistritöö / Maarja Lehemets ; juhendaja: Karmen Turk, kaasjuhendaja: Irene Kull ; Tartu Ülikool, sotsiaalteaduste valdkond, õigusteaduskond, eraõiguse osakon

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lehemets, Maarja, 1990-

    2018-01-01

    Tarkvarateenuse spetsiifika ja tarkvaraarenduse lepingute kvalifitseerimine, töövõtulepingu ja käsunduslepingu sätete kohaldamine tarkvaraarenduse lepingu rikkumistele ning tarkvaraarenduse lepingute lõpetmisele ja lõppemisele

  5. Ostu-müügi lepingust Venemaa uues tsiviilkoodeksis ja Läti tsiviilseadustikus : (võrdlevalt Eesti võlaõigusseaduse eelnõuga) : [bakalaureusetöö] / Carry Plaks ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Irene Kull

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Plaks, Carry, 1977-

    1999-01-01

    Venemaa tsiviilkoodeks, ostu-müügi leping seal, nende eriliigid, jaemüük, müügilepingu regulatsioon Läti tsiviilõiguses, eriliigid, erinevused Eesti, Läti ja Vene müügilepingute regulatsioonis

  6. Veebiplatvormile loodud kasutajakonto üleandmise nõue veebireklaami teenuse osutamise lepingus : magistritöö / Mari Anne Rosalie Valberg ; juhendaja Irene Kull ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond, eraõiguse osakond

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Valberg, Mari Anne Rosalie, 1994-

    2018-01-01

    Veebireklaami eesmärgil loodud kasutajakonto õiguslik olemus, veebiplatvormi roll veebireklaami teenuse osutamise lepingus reklaami tellija ja reklaami teostaja vahe, veebireklaami teenuse osutamiseks loodud kasutajakonto ülendmise nõude õiguslik alus ja nõuet välistavad asjaolud

  7. PACTA SUNT SERVANDA põhimõte ja eluasemelaenu ennetähtaegne ülesütlemine krediidisaaja makseraskuste tõttu : magistritöö / Kairi Toomsalu ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Irene Kull

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Toomsalu, Kairi

    2010-01-01

    Riigikogu 11. koosseisule esitatud eelnõudest ja lepinguõiguse üldpõhimõtetest, kohustuste täitmisest eluasemelaenu tagatise võõrandamisega, täitmishuvi rahuldamise muudest õiguslikest võimalustest, täitmisnõuet välistavatest või piiravatest vastuväidetest

  8. Lepingu aluseks olnud asjaolude muutumine majanduskriisi tulemusel ja kinnisasja müügilepingust taganemisõigus VÕS § 97 alusel : [bakalaureusetöö] / Marko Laur ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendajad: Anton Sigal, Irene Kull

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laur, Marko

    2010-01-01

    Kohustuste vahekorra muutumist tõendavatest asjaoludest majanduskriisi tingimustes. Lepingupoole subjektiivsetest võimalustest arvestada majanduskriisi mõjuga lepinguliste kohustuuste tasakaalule, lepingupoolte kokkulepetest taganemisõiguse kohta asjaolude muutumisel

  9. Maailma dopinguvastane koodeks : selle vastavus inimõiguste ja õiguse üldpõhimõtetele : [bakalaureusetöö] / Jane Kalda ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: René Värk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalda, Jane

    2010-01-01

    Maailma Antidopingu Agentuurist ja Maailma antidopingu koodeksist, inimõigustest ja õiguse üldiste põhimõtete rollist dopinguvaidlustes, koodeksi artiklite vastavusest inimõiguste ja õiguse üldpõhimõtetele

  10. The contribution of science to risk-based decision-making: lessons from the development of full-scale treatment measures for acidic mine waters at Wheal Jane, UK.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Younger, Paul L; Coulton, Richard H; Froggatt, Eric C

    2005-02-01

    The use of risk-based decision-making in environmental management is often assumed to rely primarily on the availability of robust scientific data and insights, while in practice socio-economic criteria are often of considerable importance. However, the relative contributions to decision-making made by scientific and socio-economic inputs are rarely assessed, and even less commonly reported. Such an assessment has been made for a major remediation project in southwest England, in which some 300 l/s of highly acidic, metalliferous mine waters are now being treated using oxidation and chemical neutralisation. In the process of reaching the decision to commission the treatment plant, a wide range of scientific studies were undertaken, including: biological impact assessments, hydrogeological investigations of the effect of pumping on the flooded mine system, and hydrological and geochemical characterisation, together with integrated catchment modelling, of pollutant sources and pathways. These investigations revealed that, despite the spectacular nature of the original mine water outburst in 1992, the ecology of the Fal estuary remains remarkably robust. No scientific evidence emerged of any grounds for concern over the estuarine ecology, even if mine water were left to flow untreated. However, a rare ecological resource known as "maerl" (a form of calcified seaweed) is harvested annually in the estuary, providing significant revenue to the local economy and underpinning the 'clean' image of local sea water. Social and environmental benefit surveys revealed strong public perceptions that any visible discoloration in the estuary must indicate a diminution in quality of the maerl, to the detriment of both the public image and economy of the area. This factor proved sufficient to justify the continued pump-and-treat operations at the mine site. Although the decisive factor in the end was socio-economic in nature, robust assessment of this factor could not have been made without robust scientific evidence. It is concluded that investment in investigating and contributing to the formation of public perceptions is just as important as investing in scientific investigations per se.

  11. SEMP Integration Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-05-24

    Frey, Interviewing: The art of science, in N. K. Denzin and Y. S. Lincoln , (Eds.), Handbook of Qualitative Research. Sage Publications, 1994, pp. 361...Science 62(2): 95–103. Fontana, A. and J.H. Frey. 1994 Interviewing: The art of science. In N.K. Denzin and Y.S. Lincoln , eds. Handbook of Qualitative

  12. Kontraktstyring i den kommunale sagsbehandling

    OpenAIRE

    Malmskov, Stine; Knudsen, Louise Leelo; Krogh, Ulrik Ullits; Taaensen, Rebekka Amos

    2007-01-01

    Sagsbehandlers motivation i forhold til sagsbehandling i det kommunale. Der bruges public choice, principal-agentteori samt motiationsteori i form af Frey, Herzberg og Maslow Sagsbehandlers motivation i forhold til sagsbehandling i det kommunale. Der bruges public choice, principal-agentteori samt motiationsteori i form af Frey, Herzberg og Maslow

  13. 3,7 miljonit võimalust üksinduseks / Kai Tamm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kutman, Kai, 1972-

    2011-01-01

    21. aprillil Berliinis Kulturbrauerei Kesselhausis esietendunud Age Veeroosi ooperist "Grid", libreto autor ja lavastaja Korneel Hamers, dirigent Taavi Kull, videokunstnik Julian bergheim, lavakujunduse autor Julia Rommel. Lk. 17 lühiintervjuu heliloojaga

  14. Ökokontor on õhu- ja loomingurikas / Nelli Pello

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pello, Nelli

    2007-01-01

    Tööruumide säästvast renoveerimisest looduslike materjalidega. Tartu trükikojast Triip, reklaamiagentuuri Dreamers kontorist, Säästva Arengu Klubi büroost. Kommenteerivad Eva Peedimaa, Katrin Kull

  15. ÜRO Lastefond toetab Memme Musi eest võitlejaid / Sirje Pärismaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pärismaa, Sirje, 1958-

    2003-01-01

    Riigikogu liige, UNICEF-i Eesti president Elle Kull ning haridus- ja teadusministeeriumi järelevalvetalituse peainspektor Tiina Peterson kohtusid Räpina vallavanema Inge Hirmoga, kes on lasteaia Memme Musi sulgemise poolt

  16. [Tutvustus doktoritööle

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2009-01-01

    Tutv. rmt.: Kõve, Villu. Varaliste tehingute süsteem Eestis : [doktoritöö] / juhendaja: Irene Kull. - Tartu : Tartu Ülikooli Kirjastus, 2009. - 437 lk. - (Dissertationes iuridicae Universitatis Tartuensis ; 22)

  17. Viin, Hitler ja Oskar Luts / Vaapo Vaher

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vaher, Vaapo, 1945-

    2007-01-01

    Tutvustus: Saarikoski, Pentti. On või ei ole ; Euroopa serval ; Bretagne'i päevik / soome keelest tõlkinud Piret Saluri. Tallinn : Varrak, 2007 ; Kull, Aivar. Oskar Luts : pildikesi kirjanikupõlvest. Tartu : Ilmamaa, 2007

  18. 78 FR 40960 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Lake Washington Ship Canal at Seattle, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-09

    ..., WA. The deviation is necessary to accommodate the ``See Jane Run Women's Half Marathon.'' This... Manager, Docket Operations, telephone 202-366-9826. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The SDOT requested a... necessary to accommodate the ``See Jane Run Women's Half Marathon''. This deviation allows the bridges to...

  19. "It's Almost like a White School Now": Racialised Complexities, Indigenous Representation and School Leadership

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keddie, Amanda; Niesche, Richard

    2012-01-01

    Drawing on a broader study that focused on examining principal leadership for equity and diversity, this paper presents the leadership experiences of "Jane", a White, middle-class principal of a rural Indigenous school. The paper highlights how Jane's leadership is inextricably shaped by her assumptions about race and the political dynamics and…

  20. Making Socialists: Mary Bridges Adams and the Fight for Knowledge and Power, 1855-1939

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weiler, Kathleen

    2012-01-01

    This article presents a review of "Making socialists: Mary Bridges Adams and the fight for knowledge and power, 1855-1939," by Jane Martin. Jane Martin has explored the history of late-nineteenth-century and early-twentieth century-British women educational activists in numerous publications over the past two decades. Her first book,…

  1. Home and Away: A Schoolmistress in Lowland Scotland and Colonial Australia in the Second Half of the Nineteenth Century

    Science.gov (United States)

    McDermid, Jane

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, the author discusses the life of Jane Hay Brown, later Hamilton (1827-1898), who worked as a governess and schoolmistress from the late 1840s to the mid 1880s. She was a woman whose life would have remained largely unknown without emigration which resulted in a rich collection of family letters. Jane's letters provide insight into…

  2. Tõendid praktikasse / Ere Uibu, Ester Öpik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Uibu, Ere

    2016-01-01

    Eesti Õdede Liidu konverentsil tunnustati meditsiiniõdesid Sirje Kõvermäge, Kadri Piiri, Evelyn Evertit, Ere Uibut, Jane Freimani, Reet Tohvret, Teija Toivarit, Jane Remmerit, Ülle Tammsaart, Lily Parmu ja Kätlin Lünekundu

  3. Altkäemaksu või pistise võtmise või andmise kui korruptiivse käitumisega tekitatud kahju hüvitamise nõue juhtorgani liikme vastu : [magistritöö] / Asso Prii ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Irene Kull

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Prii, Asso, 1986-

    2013-01-01

    Juriidilise isiku juhtorgani liikmest KarS-i ametialaste süütegude toimepanijana, juhtorgani liikme altkäemaksu või pistise andmise või võtmisega seotud korruptiivsest käitumisest kui kohustuse rikkumisest tsiviilõiguslikus mõttes, tekitatud kahjust

  4. 人格平等与财产均衡——从《简·爱》看夏洛蒂的女权主义立场%Wealth Equality and Personality Equality-To "Read" the Feminism Viewpoint of Charlotte from JANE EYRE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闫艳

    2002-01-01

    英国女作家夏洛蒂@勃朗特的小说《简@爱》1847年问世后轰动文坛,无产阶级革命家马克思和恩格斯都对此书给予高度评价.通过对作者生平简介和小说《简@爱》的故事梗概及设想的几种故事结局,评述了夏洛蒂的财富均衡与人格平等的观点,及其经济独立和妇女解放的女权主义思想.

  5. Clinical Librarian Programs May Lead to Information Behaviour Change. A review of: Urquhart, Christine, Janet Turner, Jane Durbin, and Jean Ryan. “Changes in Information Behavior in Clinical Teams after Introduction of a Clinical Librarian Service.” Journal of the Medical Library Association 95 (2007: 14‐22.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcy L. Brown

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective – Assess whether the North Wales Clinical Librarian service changed the information behaviour of team clinicians. Specific objectives were to: • Assess which services were used. • Estimate the effects of training on clinician search patterns and search times. • Examine the benefits of services regarding clinical governance. • Examine the effects of training on clinician confidence. • Explore factors affecting librarian-clinician collaboration. Design – Observational, longitudinal evaluation through:1. Librarian reflective diaries2. Baseline and final questionnaire surveys3. In‐person and telephone interviews between surveysSetting – Three National Health Service (NHS Hospital Trusts in North Wales, UK. These included North West Wales, Conwy & Denbighshire, and North East Wales.Subjects – Physicians, nurses, and allied clinical staff working with clinical librarians in one of the above three NHS Trusts.Methods – The evaluation period ran from November 2003 through January 2005. Data collected varied between Trusts, since program activities varied across locations. Questionnaire data was analyzed with Excel; interview data was analyzed with QSR N6. North East Wales/Conwy & Denbighshire: In these two Trusts, baseline questionnaires were distributed in April 2004; interviews were conducted between July and October 2004, and final questionnaires were distributed in December 2004. Sixty‐nine baseline questionnaires were returned from the April distribution, and 57 final questionnaires were returned in December. Additionally, 33 face‐to‐face and telephone interviews were conducted between Julyand October. North West Wales: Immediate post‐training feedback was collected from 90 participants; questionnaires sent one month after training had only a 32% response rate (24 of 75 questionnaires. Twelve interviews were conducted.Results – Interviews at all sites demonstrated a conflict between wanting the librarian to perform searches for the clinical teams, and the clinicians needing or wanting more independence through greater search skills. The librarian reflective diaries showed a change in practice over the evaluation period. Administrative duties lessened and more time was spent on searching or teaching. North East Wales/Conwy & Denbighshire: Although a greater percentage of medical staff reported using NHS and library Web sites by the end of the evaluation period (70.7% versus 59.4%, a larger percentage felt overwhelmed by the amount of information retrieved (68.3% versus 60.9%. At baseline, more than 50% wished to spend less than 10 minutes on a search of “general importance but not of personal interest” (18, but follow up indicated that the number of physicians expecting to spend that small amount of time had dropped to 36%. Among nurses and allied professionals, changes in information behaviour were fewer. The interviews confirmed that information provided by a clinical librarian affected patient management and/or therapy; patient diagnosis was not affected. One interview indicated that cost savings had resulted from information provided by a clinical librarian. Forty‐five percent of interviewees felt that their search skills had improved. North West Wales: Ninety‐nine percent of session attendees rated training programs highly. Although feedback indicated a desire for more training, 88.9% did feel more confident about their search abilities immediately following a program. The one month‐post‐training questionnaire had avery low response rate (32%, but over 54% of those responding did believe that their skills had improved. But one month later, 12 interviews reported that “initial enthusiasm had usually tapered off” (20, and those interviewed weren’t sure if they really had better skills. Conclusions – While findings weren’t conclusive, they suggest that having a librarian participate on a clinical team does lead to changes in information behaviour. Staff members were more confident searchers, more willing to search for information, and more willing to delegate that task to a librarian. The study also suggests that library services may be effectively targeted to specific groups of clinicians, and may have an impact on patient care.

  6. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-05-15

    May 15, 2016 ... NANOPARTICLES PREPARED BY CTAB SURFACTANT. F. Hoseini, M. ... The XRD results showed that Fe-doped ZnO was .... [5] Wilson J, Poddar P, Frey N, Srikanth H, Mohomed K, Harmon J, Kotha S, Wachsmuth J.

  7. Use of Topical PC-NSAIDs to Treat Burn Injury and Pain

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-10-01

    termination of the study. At days 3, 5, 10 and 15 post-burn, the animals were again tested for sensitivity to a stimulus (von Frey hair of varying stiffness...special cages so that one hind paw was exposed to stimulations with up to eight different force von Frey hairs using the Dixon up/down method. The...in the dermal layers. Skin tissue dissected from animals in the untreated burn group shows an intermittent loss of epidermis and disrupted and

  8. Different surgical strategies for chronic pancreatitis significantly improve long-term outcome: a comparative single center study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hildebrand P

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Objective In general, chronic pancreatitis (CP primarily requires conservative treatment. The chronic pain syndrome and complications make patients seek surgical advice, frequently after years of progression. In the past, surgical procedures involving drainage as well as resection have been employed successfully. The present study compared the different surgical strategies. Patients and Methods From March 2000 until April 2005, a total of 51 patients underwent surgical treatment for CP at the Department of surgery, University of Schleswig-Holstein, Campus Lübeck. Out of those 51 patients, 39 (76.5% were operated according to the Frey procedure, and in 12 cases (23.5% the Whipple procedure was performed. Patient data were documented prospectively throughout the duration of the hospital stay. The evaluation of the postoperative pain score was carried out retrospectively with a validated questionnaire. Results Average operating time was 240 minutes for the Frey group and 411 minutes for the Whipple group. The medium number of blood transfusions was 1 in the Frey group and 4.5 in the Whipple group. Overall morbidity was 21% in the Frey group and 42% in the Whipple group. 30-day mortality was zero for all patients. During the median follow-up period of 50 months, an improvement in pain score was observed in 93% of the patients of the Frey group and 67% of the patients treated according to the Whipple procedure. Conclusion The results show that both the Frey procedure as well as partial pancreaticoduodenectomy are capable of improving chronic pain symptoms in CP. As far as later endocrine and exocrine pancreatic insufficiency is concerned, however, the extended drainage operation according to Frey proves to be advantageous compared to the traditional resection procedure by Whipple. Accordingly, the Frey procedure provides us with an organ-preserving surgical procedure which treats the complications of CP sufficiently, thus being an

  9. Learning to Solve Problems by Searching for Macro-Operators

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-07-01

    executing generalized robot plans. Aritificial Intelligence 3:25 1-288, 1972. [Frey 821 Frey, Alexander Ii. Jr., and David Singmaster. Handbook of Cubik...and that searching for macros may be a useful general learning paradigm. 1.1. Introduction One view of die die field of artificial intelligence is that... intelligence literature [Schofield 67, Gaschnig 79, Ericsson 761 and provides one of the simplest examples of the operation of the Macro Problem Solver. It

  10. Examination of Urinary Beta-Naphthol as a Biomarker Indicative of Jet Fuel Exposures

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-04-01

    government or personal vehicle and what type of fuel . Flight line time Exposure to spills ( fuel ) Exposure to skin ( fuel ) Inhalation exposure (type...AFRL-RH-WP-TR-2015-0085 EXAMINATION OF URINARY β-NAPHTHOL AS A BIOMARKER INDICATIVE OF JET FUEL EXPOSURES Jeanette S. Frey Henry M... Fuel Exposures 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER NA 5c. PROGRA7757M ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) Jeanette Frey1; Trevor J. Bihl2;Asao

  11. The dipteran family Celyphidae in the New World, with discussion of and key to world genera (Insecta, Diptera

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephen D. Gaimari

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available The family Celyphidae (Diptera, Lauxanioidea is verified as part of the New World fauna, with a second specimen discovered of a species described from French Guiana in 1844 by P.J.M. Macquart. As this species possesses characteristics that clearly suggest a separate lineage from the Old World celyphids, a new genus is proposed, Atopocelyphus gen. n., with the type species, Celyphus ruficollis Macquart, in the new combination Atopocelyphus ruficollis (Macquart, comb. n. A key to world genera of Celyphidae is presented, along with discussion of generic concepts. Chamaecelyphus Frey is synonymized under Spaniocelyphus Hendel, syn. n., resulting in the following 10 new combinations: Spaniocelyphus africanus (Walker, comb. n.; S. dichrous (Bezzi, comb. n.; S. gutta (Speiser, comb. n.; S. halticinus (Frey, comb. n.; S. kalongensis (Vanschuytbroek, comb. n.; S. ruwenzoriensis (Vanschuytbroek, comb. n.; S. straeleni (Vanschuytbroek, comb. n.; S. upembaensis (Vanschuytbroek, comb. n.; S. violaceus (Vanschuytbroek, comb. n.; S. vrydaghi (Vanschuytbroek, comb. n. The subgenera of Celyphus Dalman are elevated to genus rank, as Paracelyphus Bigot, stat. rev., and Hemiglobus Frey, stat. rev., resulting in the following 17 new and revised combinations: Hemiglobus cheni (Shi, comb. n.; H. eos (Frey, comb. n.; H. lacunosus Frey, comb. rev.; H. pellucidus Frey, comb. rev.; H. planitarsalis (Shi, comb. n.; H. porosus (Tenorio, comb. n.; H. pulchmaculatus (Liu & Yang, comb. n.; H. quadrimaculatus (Tenorio, comb. n.; H. resplendens Frey, comb. rev.; H. rugosus (Tenorio, comb. n.; H. testaceus (Malloch, comb. n.; H. trichoporis (Shi, comb. n.; H. unicolor Frey, comb. rev.; H. violaceus Chen, comb. rev.; Paracelyphus hyacinthus Bigot, comb. rev.; P. medogis (Shi, comb. n.; P. vittalis (Shi, comb. n.

  12. The Potential of the Republic of Korea Navy for Cooperation with the Japanese Maritime Self-Defense Force in the Security of Greater East Asia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-06-01

    match for the United States’ F-4 series during confrontations in Vietnam. The North does have the "’Christopher F. Foss Jane’s Armour and Artillery...complimented Nakasone on being so different from previous Japanese P. M.’s who used, "soft and misty language.ŗ𔃻 Nakasone’s communicating skill was...in, 19657 * Foss, Christopher F. Jane’s Armour and Artillery 1984-85, 5th ed. London: Jane’s P-ublhislng, 19Z4. Francis, David R. "Budget Deficits

  13. Cooperation and trust essential to business / Gundar J King, Thad J Barnowe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    King, Gundar J

    2001-01-01

    Muutuvas ühiskonnas vajatakse arenguga kaasa minemiseks traditsioonilist kapitali, inimkapitali ja sotsiaalset kapitali. Autorid uurisid Baltikumi ärikoolide õpilaste väärtusorientatsiooni, vaadeldakse Jane Jacobsi teoreetilist lähenemist

  14. Cooperation essential to the Baltics / Gundar J King, Thad Barnowe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    King, Gundar J

    2001-01-01

    Muutuvas ühiskonnas vajatakse arenguga kaasa minemiseks traditsioonilist kapitali, inimkapitali ja sotsiaalset kapitali. Autorid uurisid Baltikumi ärikoolide õpilaste väärtusorientatsiooni, vaadeldakse Jane Jacobsi teoreetilist lähenemist

  15. Tips for Teens: The Truth about Marijuana

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Mary Jane, Blunt, Joint, Trees Get the Facts… Marijuana affects your brain. THC (the active ingredient in marijuana) affects the nerve cells in the part of the brain where memories are formed. Marijuana affects your self- ...

  16. Plaadid / Mart Normet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Normet, Mart, 1979-

    2005-01-01

    Uutest heliplaatidest The White Stripes "Get Behind Me Satan", Coldplay "X&Y", Oasis "Don't Believe The Truth", Jane Birkin "Rendez-vous", Ocean Colour Scene "A Hyperactive Workout For The Flying Squad"

  17. 76 FR 54238 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-31

    ...: Language, Communication, Cognition and Perception. Date: September 13-14, 2011. Time: 10 a.m. to 8 p.m... Drive, Bethesda, MD 20892 (Virtual Meeting). Contact Person: Jane A Doussard-Roosevelt, PhD, Scientific...

  18. Three flying fox (Pteropodidae: Pteropus rufus) roosts, three ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Volana N. Rahaingodrahety, Daudet Andriafidison, Jonah H. Ratsimbazafy, Paul A. Racey and Richard K. B. Jenkins

    2008-12-01

    Dec 1, 2008 ... tourists are able to observe roosting P. rufus. The role of sacred forests ... journal of Madagascar Wildlife Conservation (MWC) and the Jane .... Pteropus rufus roosts to be associated with forests of cultural importance and a ...

  19. Pop / Aleksander T. Yostafa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Yostafa, Aleksander T.

    2006-01-01

    Heliplaatidest: t.A.T.u "The Best", Level 42 "Retroglide", Robbie Williams "Rudebox", Jane's Addiction "Up From The Catacombs" (The Best Of), Erase Errata "Nightlife", Sting "Songs from The Labyrinth", The Lemonheads "The Lemonheads"

  20. Popmuusika / Valner Valme

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Valme, Valner, 1970-

    2006-01-01

    Uutest heliplaatidest Jane's Addiction "Up From The Catacombs", Black Label Society "Shot To Hell", Evanescence "The Open Door", Ludacris "Release Therapy", Lionel Richie "Coming Home", "Freerange Records", Ojos De Brujo "Techari"

  1. Austen's "Pride and Prejudice": Comic Vision and the Teaching of Critical Thinking.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raymond, Richard C.

    1992-01-01

    Discusses the teachable qualities of Jane Austen's novel "Pride and Prejudice." Examines the vigorous diction, plausible characterization, and comic vision that make the novel so effective in stimulating students' thought. (SR)

  2. Young Adult Books.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Epstein, Connie C.

    1987-01-01

    Considers the similarities between science fiction writing and young adult literature, and points out that several well-known authors, such as Robert Heinlein and Jane Yolen, write in both genres. (NKA)

  3. Kinematograafiline rätsepakunst / Jaan Ruus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ruus, Jaan, 1938-2017

    2007-01-01

    Taivani päritolu režissöör Ang Lee tema mängufilm "Mõistus ja tunded" ("Sense and Sensibility") : stsenarist Jane Austeni romaani põhjal Emma Thompson : Suurbritannia - Ameerika Ühendriigid 2005

  4. Ideaalse ja vulgaarse maailma kokkupõrge / Johannes Saar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saar, Johannes, 1965-

    2005-01-01

    Briti kaasaegse kunsti valiknäitus "Supernoova" Tallinna Kunstihoones. Kuraator on Caroline Douglas. Osalevad Jane ja Louise Wilson, Haluk Akakce, Richard Wright, Toby Ziegler, Sarah Morris, Keith Coventry

  5. Estonia juhti kahtlustatakse ettevõtte varade omastamises / Ester Vilgats, Eno-Gerrit Link, Teet Roosaar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vilgats, Ester

    2008-01-01

    Endine Pärnu linnapea, taastusravikeskuse Estonia pikaaegne juht Vello Järvesalu peeti kinni kahtlustatuna ettevõtte varade omastamises suures ulatuses. Kommenteerivad: Mart Viisitamm, Jane Mets ja Ahti Kõo

  6. Punane Veski ja plakatikunsti algus / Riina Robinson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Robinson, Riina

    2007-01-01

    Prantsuse plakatikunsti loojast Jules Cheret'st, ühest silmapaistvamast plakati- ja maalikunstnikust Henri Toulouse-Lautrecist, tema plakatite kangelannadest, kankaani tantsinud Louise Weberist ja Jane Avrilist ning Moulin Rouge'ist

  7. 76 FR 11494 - List of Recipients of Indian Health Scholarships Under the Indian Health Scholarship Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-02

    ... Collins, Sara Jane, University of Oklahoma, Cherokee Nation, Oklahoma Cook, David D., Rocky Vista... University, Oglala Sioux Tribe of the Pine Ridge Reservation, South Dakota Jim, Leroy, The Fielding Institute...

  8. 1. IV avati Tallinna Kunstihoone galeriis šoti videokunstinäitus "Nähtamatud väljad"

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Kuraatorid Sarah Felton ja Su Grierson, osalevad kunstnikud Victoria Clare Bernie, Samantha Clark, Maria Doyle, S. Felton, S. Grierson, Belinda Guidi, Anne Bjerge Hansen, Metacorpus, Jane McInally, Rosalind Nashashibi, Susannah Silver ja Susan Sloan

  9. 76 FR 21700 - Notice of Request for Extension and Revision of a Currently Approved Collection

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-18

    ..., Science and Technology, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, 1400 Independence... may be sent to Jane Ho, Technical Services Branch, Science and Technology, Agricultural Marketing... / Monday, April 18, 2011 / Notices#0;#0; [[Page 21700

  10. The National Institutes of Health Clinical Center

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... a rare disease not typically found in children — Cushing's Syndrome. Her adrenal glands produced too much of the ... Jane did a school science fair project on Cushing's Syndrome. She also wrote a book so that other ...

  11. Naisteromaanide uimarohi / Ilona Martson, Kristi Pärn

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Martson, Ilona, 1970-

    1997-01-01

    Atwood, Margaret. Röövelpruut; Austen, Jane. Veenmine; Sheldon, Sidney. Veresidemed; Ondaatje, Michael. Inglise patsient; Lind, Hera. Kahe mehe vahel; Simmel, Johannes Mario. Vastust teab vaid tuul; Gaskin, Catherine. Fiona; Gaskin, Catherine. Perekonnaasjad; Barne, John. Evita

  12. Redhaus Piiteris

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2009-01-01

    Kunstnike rühmitus Redhaus (Piret Peil, Kalle Aasamäe, Jane Remm) osaleb projektiga "Kangelased ja kaunitarid" 24. oktoobrist 8. novembrini Peterburis toimuval rahvusvahelisel näitusel "Sea level" Maneeži galeriis

  13. Cleaning lady saves the day

    CERN Multimedia

    2009-01-01

    At lunch time on Wednesday 21 January a guest at the CERN hostel put her food in the microwave oven and switched it on. "Within seconds I smelt plastic. I looked into the oven and saw flames. I switched it off, took my food out. But the flames continued and so I ran for the door." In the corridor she ran into Jane Kiranga, a cleaning lady working for the company ISS. Without hesitation Jane picked up a portable fire extinguisher, returned to the kitchen and stopped the fire. The Fire Brigade arrived a few minutes later and only needed to ventilate the kitchen. "Jane was just in time, because the flames had not left the oven yet. Her model behaviour deserves recognition," said the team leader on duty for the CERN Fire Brigade. A few days later Jane received a gift voucher from the Prevention and Training section of the Safety Commission (photo).

  14. Brief Introduction to Hepatitis B for Parents of Adopted Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brief Introduction to Hepatitis B for Parents of Adopted Children by Sarah Jane Schwarzenberg, MD What is hepatitis B? ... injury will also need careful medical management. In short, prospective par- ents of children with hepatitis B ...

  15. Discovering reality: feminist perspectives on epistemology, metaphysics, methodology, and philosophy of science

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Harding, Sandra G; Hintikka, Merrill B

    1983-01-01

    ... FOX KELLER / Gender and Science EVELYN FOX KELLER AND CHRISTINE R. GRONTKOWSKI / The Mind's Eye NAOMI SCHEMAN / Individualism and the Objects of Psychology JANE FLAX / Political Philosophy and the Pa...

  16. Inglased loovad sidet / Kreg¡A-Kristring

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kreg A-Kristring, pseud., 1962-

    1999-01-01

    Inglise juveliiride Norman Cherry, Maria Hansoni, Jivan Astfalcki, Terry Hunti ja Jane Adami kaasaegse ehtekunsti näitus "Loomas sidet" 11.V-5.VI galeriis "Sammas". Väljapanek esindab Birminghami koolkonda.

  17. 26. III avati Tartu Y-galerii E-saalis...

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    MTÜ loovkeskuse ja Anne noortekeskuse multimeedialabori interdistsiplinaarse Art-Merge õpikoja näitus. 20.-26. III toimunud õpikoja tegevuskunsti osa juhtis inglise kunstnik Natalie Waldbaum, multimeedia sektorit Jane Remm, kaasaegse tantsu ja teatri osa Kaia Kapsta

  18. 77 FR 72873 - Notice of Revocation of Customs Broker Licenses

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-06

    ... 17091 New York. Levine Seth A 09759 New York. Walsh John X 03979 New York. Palmieri Eugene D 02632 New.... Galik Jane M 10357 Philadelphia. D'Amico Lenore Anne 15093 Philadelphia. Frederick Ted D 10654...

  19. Marijuana intoxication

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Intoxication - marijuana (cannabis); Pot; Mary Jane; Weed; Grass; Cannabis ... drugs that have more serious side effects than marijuana. These side effects may include: Sudden high blood pressure with headache ...

  20. Kunsti tõmbavad vaatama p-tähed : uus näitus lastekunstikooli galeriis / Raimu Hanson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hanson, Raimu, 1957-

    2008-01-01

    Näitus "P... ja p... kunst" Tartu Lastekunstikooli galeriis, kuraator Margus Kiis. Oma töid eksponeerivad Rauno Thomas Moss, Enn Tegova, Maris Palgi, Jane Remm, Kristiina Viin, Martin Vaher, Kaspar Jassa, Mariliin Kindsiko jt.

  1. Truthfulness in science teachers’ corporeal performances

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Daugbjerg, Peer

    2014-01-01

    , sincerity and trustworthiness in dealing with classroom management. Jane shows effort, fidelity and honesty in developing outdoor teaching. Simon shows transparency, objectivity and sincerity in his support of colleagues. By addressing the relations in the vocabulary of truthfulness the teachers...

  2. Social Movements in Post-Revolutionary Iran

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-01

    Oppositional Consciousness,” in the Oppositional Consciousness: The Subjective Roots of Social Protest, ed. Jane Mansbridge and Aldon Morris (Chicago...Taheri’s funeral on Tuesday , June 4.183 Although the effects of the Green Movement on the 2013 Iranian presidential elections were not clear and...In the Oppositional Consciousness: The Subjective Roots of Social Protest, edited by Jane Mansbridge and Aldon Morris . Chicago: University of

  3. Book Reviews

    OpenAIRE

    Redactie KITLV

    2001-01-01

    -Virginia R. Dominguez, Louis A. Pérez, Jr., On becoming Cuban: Identity, nationality, and culture. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1999. xiv + 579 pp. -Solimar Otero, Kali Argyriadis, La religión à la Havane: Actualités des représentations et des pratiques culturelles havanaises. Paris: Éditions des Archives Contemporaines,1999. 373 pp. -Jane Desmond, Jane Blocker, Where is Ana Mendieta?: Identity, performativity, and exile. Durham NC: Duke University Press, 1999. xvi + 166 ...

  4. Built to Last: The Army’s Failed Quest to Replace the Bradley Fighting Vehicle

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-05-23

    NAME OF RESPONSIBLE PERSON Harley P. Jennings a. REPORT b. ABSTRACT c. THIS PAGE 19b. PHONE NUMBER (include area code ) (U) (U) (U) Unlimited 44...the MICV Task Force to conduct an independent study of the MICV program. System requirements changed because of the task force’s findings. Led by...37 Christopher F. Foss, ed., Jane’s Armour and Artillery 2011-2012, 32 ed. (New York: Janes Information Group, 2011), 443. 38 Haworth, The

  5. Analysis of the Capabilities Supporting Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief Operations of the Indonesian Navy (TNI AL) and the United States Marine Corps Marine Expeditionary Unit (USMC MEU)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-12-01

    Operating Procedure SPMAGTF Special Purpose Marine Air Ground Task Force SSB Single Side Band STP Shock Trauma Platoon TACRON Tactical Air Control...Platoon ( STP ) that is capable of conducting emergency treatment and triage. The remaining corpsmen are dispersed throughout the individual sub-units of...Jane’s navigating the emerging markets , Indonesia. Retrieved from Jane’s Information Group https://janes.ihs.com.libproxy.nps.edu/CustomPages/Janes

  6. Marati maja müük võib olla aasta suurtehing / Kadrin Karner

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karner, Kadrin

    2008-01-01

    Kinnisvarafond Baltic Property Trust ostis Tallinnas Marati hoone. Müüja, Prisma Prindi Kinnisvara juhi Urmas Osila sõnul on tegemist selle aasta suurima tehinguga. Vt. samas: Marati hoone Tartu mnt 63; Baltic Property Trust. Kommenteerivad Kaur-Kaspar Kull ja Ruben Gornischeff

  7. Review, comments and perspectives with regard to Renata Sõukand's doctoral dissertation Herbal landscape / Almo Farina

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Farina, Almo

    2011-01-01

    9. nov. 2010 kaitses Tartu Ülikoolis doktoriväitekirja semiootika ja kulturoloogia doktorant Renata Sõukand, juhendaja Kalevi Kull (Tartu Ülikool), oponendid Almo Farina (Urbino Ülikool, Itaalia) ja Myrdene Anderson (Purdue Ülikool, USA Indiana)

  8. Renata Sõukandi väitekiri Ravimtaimemaastik [Herbal landscape] / Almo Farina

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Farina, Almo

    2011-01-01

    9. nov. 2010 kaitses Tartu Ülikoolis doktoriväitekirja semiootika ja kulturoloogia doktorant Renata Sõukand, juhendaja Kalevi Kull (Tartu Ülikool), oponendid Almo Farina (Urbino Ülikool, Itaalia) ja Myrdene Anderson (Purdue Ülikool, USA Indiana)

  9. Deputat Riigikogu v bojevike v stilje kung-fu / Alina Zelimhanova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Zelimhanova, Alina

    2005-01-01

    Soome ja Hiina mütoloogiat ühendava fantaasiafilmi "Armuvalus sõdalane" (eelarve ca 40 milj. krooni, tootjad Soome, Holland, Hiina ja Eesti) võtted algavad täna Vihterpalu rabas. Kaasa teeb ka Elle Kull, lavastab debütant AJ Annila

  10. Eesti teeb koos soomlaste ja hiinlastega kung-fu filmi / Mari Rebane

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rebane, Mari

    2005-01-01

    Soome ja Hiina mütoloogiat ühendava fantaasiafilmi "Armuvalus sõdalane" (eelarve 39 milj. krooni) tootjad on Soome, Holland, Hiina ja Eesti (3,9 milj. krooni). Kaasa teeb ka Elle Kull, lavastab debütant AJ Annila

  11. Soome kaudu Hiinasse / Jaan Ruus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ruus, Jaan, 1938-2017

    2005-01-01

    Soome ja Hiina mütoloogiat ühendava fantaasiafilmi "Armuvalus sõdalane" (eelarve 39 milj. krooni) tootjad on Soome, Holland, Hiina ja Eesti (3,9 milj. krooni). Kaasa teeb ka Elle Kull, lavastab debütant AJ Annila

  12. Eestis algasid kung-fu-filmi võtted / Andri Maimets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Maimets, Andri, 1979-

    2005-01-01

    Soome ja Hiina mütoloogiat ühendava fantaasiafilmi "Armuvalus sõdalane" (eelarve ca 40 milj. krooni, tootjad Soome, Holland, Hiina ja Eesti) võtted algavad täna Vihterpalu rabas. Kaasa teeb ka Elle Kull, lavastab debütant AJ Annila

  13. Soome-Hollandi-Hiina-Eesti ühisfilmi "Armuvalus sõdalane" ("Jade Warrior", rezh Antti-Juhani Annila) filmivõtted algavad 2.VIII Soomes

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Soome ja Hiina mütoloogiat ühendava fantaasiafilmi "Armuvalus sõdalane" (eelarve 39 milj. krooni) tootjad on Soome, Holland, Hiina ja Eesti (3,9 milj. krooni). Kaasa teeb ka Elle Kull, lavastab debütant AJ Annila

  14. Improving volcanic ash forecasts with ensemble-based data assimilation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Fu, Guangliang

    2017-01-01

    The 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcano eruption had serious consequences to civil aviation. This has initiated a lot of research on volcanic ash forecasting in recent years. For forecasting the volcanic ash transport after eruption onset, a volcanic ash transport and diffusion model (VATDM) needs to be

  15. English for lawyers / Liina Soobik ; [preface: Peep Pruks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soobik, Liina, 1955-

    2001-01-01

    Kasutatud tekstide autorid: Peep Pruks, Merit-Ene Ilja, Ilona Nurmela, Kristi Raba, Andreas Kangur, Raul Narits, Peeter Roosma, Kalle Merusk, Maret Altnurme, Jaan Ginter, Aare Tark, Norman Aas, Lasse Lehis, Hannes Veinla, Jaan Sootak, Eerik Kergandberg, Paul Varul, Jaanus Ots, Urve Liin, Irene Kull, Merle Muda, Gaabriel Tavits, Andres Vutt, Kadri Siibak, Ellen Ridaste, Heiki Pisuke, Andrus Siibak

  16. 33 CFR 161.25 - Vessel Traffic Service New York Area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Raritan Bay to the Raritan River Rail Road Bridge; and then north including the waters of the Arthur Kill... waters of the Kill Van Kull and Upper New York Bay north to a line drawn east-west from the Holland...

  17. How to illustrate science - a lesson from the 1970s / Pille-Triin Männik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Männik, Pille-Triin

    2006-01-01

    Tallinna IV rakenduskunsti triennaali Pille-Riin Männiku ja Anneli Porri kureeritud satelliitnäitusest "Teadus ja tänapäev" A-galeriis, Draakoni galeriis ja Hobusepea galeriis. Suure osa näitusest moodustavad Tõnis Vindi illustratsioonid 1979. a. ilmunud Juhan Kivi raamatule "Teadus ja tänapäev". Fotod Ene Kull

  18. Page | 39 VIOLENCE AGAINST PERSONS (PROHIBITION) ACT ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Fr. Ikenga

    One begins to wonder, what is the role of the Nigerian ... of threatening behavior, violence or abuse (psychological, physical, sexual, financial or ..... of kulling her husband, Lowo Oyediran and was arraigned before the Chief ... deep cuts all over his body, claiming that the boy was an Ogbanje,52 it was the police officers that.

  19. Kips / Pekka Erelt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Erelt, Pekka, 1965-

    2009-01-01

    Katkendeid Rait Avestiku raamatust "Urmas Kibuspuu 31 aastat" (Tänapäev, 2009). Meenutavad vend Marko Kibuspuu, venna abikaasa Helle, Reet ja Ivo Linna, Ilo Kokamägi, Aarne Üksküla, Anne Paluver, Ago-Endrik Kerge, Elle Kull

  20. Validation of AVHRR- and MODIS-derived albedos of snow and ice surfaces by means of helicopter measurements

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Greuell, W.; Oerlemans, J.

    2005-01-01

    We describe the validation of surface albedos of snow and glacier ice as derived from Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) and MOderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MODIS) satellite data. For this purpose we measured surface albedos from a helicopter over Vatnajökull, Iceland, and

  1. Kinofestival na finishnoi prjamoi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    20.-29. juunini toimuvast Moskva XXV rahvusvahelisest filmifestivalist. Festivali filme : Irina Jevtejeva "Peterburg", Kaneto Shindo "Öökull", Paula van der Oest'i "Kuuvalgus" ("Moonlight"), Franco Zeffirelli Maria Callase elule pühendatud "Callas Forever" (nimiosas Fanny Ardant, kes ka festivalile saabus)

  2. Igavese armastuse sõdalane : mitte just klassika, aga ajaloo verstapost küll / Ilmar Raag

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raag, Ilmar, 1968-

    2006-01-01

    Soome ja Hiina mütoloogiat ühendavast fantaasiafilmist "Igavese armastuse sõdalane - Jade Warrior" (Soome, Hiina, Hollandi, Eesti ühistöö) : stsenarist Iiro Küttner, režissöör Antti-Jussi Annila, võitluskunstide koreograaf Yu Yan Kai, osades - Tommi Eronen, Zhang Jingchu, Markku Peltola, Elle Kull

  3. Üllatav seiklusfantaasia Soomest / Alar Niineväli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Niineväli, Alar

    2006-01-01

    Soome ja Hiina mütoloogiat ühendav fantaasiafilm "Igavese armastuse sõdalane - Jade Warrior" (Soome, Hiina, Hollandi ja Eesti ühistöö) : režissöör Antti-Jussi Annila : võitluskunstide koreograaf Yu Yan Kai : osades Tommi Eronen, Zhang Jingchu, Elle Kull. Lisa "Soome film sai Hiinas hea lepingu

  4. Anatomy of a volcano

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hooper, A.; Wassink, J.

    2011-01-01

    The Icelandic volcano Eyjafjallajökull caused major disruption in European airspace last year. According to his co-author, Freysteinn Sigmundsson, the reconstruction published in Nature six months later by aerospace engineering researcher, Dr Andy Hooper, opens up a new direction in volcanology. “We

  5. Graben formation during the Bárðarbunga rifting event in central Iceland

    KAUST Repository

    Ruch, Joel; Jonsson, Sigurjon; Wang, Teng; Xu, Wenbin; Trippanera, Daniele

    2015-01-01

    to the dike emplacement in the shallow crust, which generated in few days an 8 km long by 0.8 km wide graben (depression) structure. The new graben extends from the northern edge of the Vatnajökull glacier and to the north to the eruptive fissure. We analyze

  6. Saksa-Eesti Foorum tähistas vabariigi 88. aastapäeva / Aino Siebert ; fotod: Aino Siebert

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Siebert, Aino

    2006-01-01

    Heidelbergi Providenz kiriku saalis, avasõnad ütles allakirjutanu, natolaste tervitused ütles Ilmar Tamm, üliõpilaste nimel esines Liisi Karindi, peokõne pidas Kaspar Näf, kontsertosas esinesid Triin Maran ja Triinu Kull-Boutahir

  7. Ekspressi 10võistlus : grande finale

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1999-01-01

    Eesti Ekspressi 10. sünnipäevale pühendatud fotokonkurss. Eesti Ekspressi T-särgid saavad Uku Visnapuu, Meljo Mutso, Andres Maarits, Raili Laiv, Martin Allik, H. Veide, Kairi Kull, Urmas Liit, Ahto Murumaa, Tiit Mõtus, Endel Puusalu, Egon Kivi, Ivika Kärner

  8. Eesti puidufirma laieneb Sri Lankale / Andris Feldmanis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Feldmanis, Andris, 1982-

    2004-01-01

    Eesti puidufirma Hapa Group alustab tootmist Sri Lankal, lootes suurendada kasumit odava toorme ja tööjõu kasutamise läbi. Lisa: Mõned faktid Hapa Groupi kohta. Diagramm: Tööjõud Sri Lankal 10 korda odavam. Kommenteerivad August Kull, Jaak Leimann, Ilmar Petersen ja Alar Kolk

  9. IJslandse inzichten op Mars

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Vet, S.

    2013-01-01

    Vulkaanuitbarstingen onder gletsjers, zoals de vliegverkeer-verlammende uitbarsting van de vulkaan Eyjafjallajökull in IJsland in 2010, lijken in veel opzichten op vulkaanuitbarstingen die ooit op Mars voorkwamen. Dankzij de landschappelijke gelijkenissen tussen onze aarde en Mars is het mogelijk om

  10. Lateglacial and holocene tephrostratigraphy in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Jeppe Joel

    the Eyjafjallajökull 2010 eruption. The observations of the Hässeldalen Tephra and Fosen Tephra expand the previously known depositional extent of these two tephra horizons. At Hallegård on Bornholm a distinct horizon of Laacher See-like tephra is registered c. 60 cm below the Laacher See Tephra. The tephra, here...

  11. Martin S. Kulli fenomen / Arno Oja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oja, Arno, 1950-

    2011-01-01

    Kriitik Arno Oja küsib, kes on salapärane romaanikangelane ja harrastusajaloolane Martin S. Kull (kas Ervin Õunapuu?) ning annab hinnangu tema raamatutele "Tartu koonduslaager", "Tapva hämaruse päevaraamat" ja "Elmar Ilp. Veri mu kätel"

  12. Juhtub ka nii... : Koigi raamatukogu - 90 (või hoopis 102?) / Mare Nurmsalu, Pille-Riin Kranich

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nurmsalu, Mare

    2009-01-01

    Koigi Raamatukogu oli seniste andmete põhjal asutatud 1919. aastal. Eesti Riigiarhiivist leitud allikate järgi on raamatukogu Koigis olemas juba 12 aastat varem. Raamatukogu ajaloost ja tänapäevast. Lisa: Koigi raamatukogu Järvamaa Keskraamatukogu pilgu läbi / Malle Kull

  13. «Quotation and Literary Echo as Structural Principles in Gabriele Wohmann's Frühherbst in Badenweiler.»

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Walter H. Sokel

    1980-09-01

    Full Text Available In her novel of 1978, Wohmann uses the montage technique—quotations, literary echoes, erudite allusions—of the «classics of modernism» to put the contemporary West German phenomenon of «New Inwardness» in an ironic light. Her protagonist, the composer Hubert Frey, retreats from the stresses of contemporary life to the Black Forest spa of Badenweiler. New Inwardness in him appears allied to New Conservatism which, in reaction to the New Left of the sixties, revives the old German ideal of the «A-Political Man.» Echoing a work of restaurative mentality, Stifter's Nachsommer , Frey's Frühherbst looks back nostalgically on Goethe's classicist phase. As Goethe put his Storm and Stress behind him, Frey analogously repudiates the turbulent youth of the sixties. He sums up his ethos of withdrawal by quoting a passage from one of Goethe's letters. He quotes inaccurately and his self-identification with Goethe rests on shaky foundations. By revealing her protagonist's erudition as faulty and confused, Wohmann unmasks his whole stance as—literally—false. Another of Frey's models, Conrad Aiken, a writer of inwardness and subjectivity, turns out to have been the wrong author for Frey's choice of Badenweiler. The American writer who had actually sojourned there turns out to have been the realist Stephen Crane. Inwardness thus proves literally incorrect and inappropriate to the protagonist's needs. The displacement of the symbolist Aiken by the realist Crane points ahead to the conclusion of the novel. Whereas a World War had been needed to dislodge Thomas Mann's Hans Castorp from his retreat, a mere mouse, invading Frey's hotel room, serves the analogous function in Wohmann's novel. Literary echo, a structural device, functions thematically as both the symptom and the cure of her protagonist's passing relapse into German inwardness.

  14. Botulinum toxin for treatment of glandular hypersecretory disorders.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Laing, T A

    2012-02-03

    SUMMARY: The use of botulinum toxin to treat disorders of the salivary glands is increasing in popularity in recent years. Recent reports of the use of botulinum toxin in glandular hypersecretion suggest overall favourable results with minimal side-effects. However, few randomised clinical trials means that data are limited with respect to candidate suitability, treatment dosages, frequency and duration of treatment. We report a selection of such cases from our own department managed with botulinum toxin and review the current data on use of the toxin to treat salivary gland disorders such as Frey\\'s syndrome, excessive salivation (sialorrhoea), focal and general hyperhidrosis, excessive lacrimation and chronic rhinitis.

  15. Japan and the Soviet Threat: Perceptions and Reactions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-12-01

    missile sights (HAWK and NIKE ) are aging and capabilities against high speed aircraft are questionable. Some of these missiles will be replaced with...trans. DSJP, Nov. 10, T, p. 10). CHAPTER VI 1. Kiyokai Murata, "Yoshida vs . Dulles," The Japan Times Weekly, Oct. 9e 1982, p. 4. 2. Mike M. Mochizuki...DSJP, June 23, 1983, p. 4). 12. Christopher F. Foss, ed., Jane’s Armour and Artillery: 1982-83 (London: Jane’s Publishing Co., Ltd., 1982) and JDA

  16. The Paediatric Cardiology Hall of Fame – Donald Nixon Ross.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Somerville, Jane

    2015-10-01

    Donald Nixon Ross, FRCS (4 October 1922 to 7 July 2014) was a South African-born British cardiothoracic surgeon, who developed the pulmonary autograft, known as the Ross procedure, for the treatment of aortic valve disease, and also performed the first heart transplant in the United Kingdom in 1968. This paper, written by Jane Somerville, Professor of Cardiology [Retired], Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom, provides the personal recollections about Donald Ross from Jane Somerville, and thus provides a unique snapshot of cardiac surgical history.

  17. Forum: Communication Activism Pedagogy. Expanding CAP's Interventionist Model and Developing Proper Learning Rubrics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Del Gandio, Jason

    2017-01-01

    For Frey and Palmer (2014), communication activism pedagogy (CAP) "teaches students how to use their communication knowledge and resources (e.g., theories, research methods, pedagogies, and other practices) to work with community members to intervene into and reconstruct unjust discourses in more just ways." The author of this response…

  18. A four-element based transposon system for allele specific tagging ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    The four-element based construct would include both Ds and dSpm along with relevant marker genes and .... subsequent generations after transposition has taken place so as to ..... Cardon G H, Frey M, Seadler H and Gierl A 1993 Definition.

  19. Women's finger sensitivity correlates with partnered sexual behavior but not solitary masturbation frequencies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brody, S.; Fischer, A.H.; Hess, U.

    2008-01-01

    In a sample of 97 healthy Dutch female university students, women with greater finger tactile sensitivity (von Frey-type filaments) engaged more in partnered (but not solitary masturbation) sexual behavior. Orgasmic responses in the past 30 days were not correlated with finger sensitivity. Results

  20. Дополнения и уточнения к фауне чешуекрылых (Lepidoptera) Тульской области. 1 = Additions and corrections to the fauna of Lepidoptera of the Tula Province. 1

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bolshakov, L.V.; Nieukerken, van E.J.; Piskunov, V.I.; Lovtsova, Yu.A.

    2008-01-01

    Additions and corrections to the lists of Lepidoptera of Tula Province are given, which contain 40 species, 36 of which species are listed for the province for the first time, 9 species (Stigmella naturnella (Klimesch, 1936), Stigmella tiliae (Frey, 1856), Stigmella microtheriella (Stainton, 1854),

  1. Order Effects in Children's Gender-Constancy Responses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siegal, Michael; Robinson, Judith

    1987-01-01

    Study examines the Slaby and Frey (1975) gender-constancy interview, which has been widely used in tests of the cognitive-developmental account. Sixty children, aged between 42 and 54 months, were given the interview either in the traditional order or in a reversed order. Order effects were found. Methodological issues are discussed. (Author/BN)

  2. Genetics Home Reference: McLeod neuroacanthocytosis syndrome

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Castiglioni C, Oechsner M, Goebel HH, Heppner FL, Jung HH. McLeod myopathy revisited: more neurogenic and less ... 130(Pt 12):3285-96. Citation on PubMed Jung HH, Danek A, Frey BM. McLeod syndrome: a ...

  3. Canadian Network for Mood and Anxiety Treatments (CANMAT) and International Society for Bipolar Disorders (ISBD) collaborative update of CANMAT guidelines for the management of patients with bipolar disorder : update 2013

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Yatham, Lakshmi N.; Kennedy, Sidney H.; Parikh, Sagar V.; Schaffer, Ayal; Beaulieu, Serge; Alda, Martin; O'Donovan, Claire; MacQueen, Glenda; McIntyre, Roger S.; Sharma, Verinder; Ravindran, Arun; Young, L. Trevor; Milev, Roumen; Bond, David J.; Frey, Benicio N.; Goldstein, Benjamin I.; Lafer, Beny; Birmaher, Boris; Ha, Kyooseob; Nolen, Willem A.; Berk, Michael

    Yatham LN, Kennedy SH, Parikh SV, Schaffer A, Beaulieu S, Alda M, ODonovan C, MacQueen G, McIntyre RS, Sharma V, Ravindran A, Young LT, Milev R, Bond DJ, Frey BN, Goldstein BI, Lafer B, Birmaher B, Ha K, Nolen WA, Berk M. Canadian Network for Mood and Anxiety Treatments (CANMAT) and International

  4. Die kwalitatiewe onderhoud as data-insamelingstegniek: sterk en ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    privaat

    In aansluiting by Kruger aanvaar Taylor en Bogdan. (1984) dat die kwalitatiewe ... as expressed in their own words (Taylor & Bogdan,. 1984:77). ... 1985:45; Hunt & Eadie, 1987:10; Fontana & Frey,. 1994:361). Selfs in ..... TAYLOR, SJ & BOGDAN, R. 1984. Introduction to ... In Walker, R. Applied qualitative research. Vermont.

  5. Resource description framework triples entity formations using ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    We evaluate our approach on collection of queries from the Islamic Research Foundation website with a total, 82 queries and compare the performance against previous method used in FREyA. The result shown the proposed method improved 17.07% on the accuracy of the natural language formulation analysis, which

  6. Bed-Load Dispersion: A Literature Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-12-01

    Devel- opment, and Technology (RD&T) Portfolio. At the time of this study, Jef- frey A. McKee, Chief, Navigation Branch, HQ was the HQUSACE Navigation...of conservative constituents, such as dye clouds . The unique as- pect of AdH is its ability to ‘adapt’ the model domain mesh in certain loca- tions or

  7. Forum: Communication Activism Pedagogy. A Call for an Ethic of Transformation in Communication Activism Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Artz, Lee

    2017-01-01

    Lawrence Frey and David Palmer present a provocative call for communication education and research that is urgent and opportune in this forum's stimulus essay, "Communication Activism Pedagogy and Research: Communication Education Scholarship to Promote Social Justice." The call is urgent because the global human condition--including…

  8. Forum: Communication Activism Pedagogy. Beyond the Charity-Service Paradigm: Building Ethical Platforms for Social Justice Education with Those Most Affected

    Science.gov (United States)

    Badger, L. N.

    2017-01-01

    In this forum response essay, the author proposes that the largest challenge "and" benefit of Communication Activism Pedagogy (CAP) is bound up in a small but significant word in Frey and Palmer's (2014) definition of Communication Activism Pedagogy: "with." Working "with oppressed community members" challenges the…

  9. Frey′s Syndrome as a Sequela of Superficial Parotidectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rishi Kumar Bali

    2006-01-01

    The disorder is characterized by unilateral sweating and flushing of facial skin in the area of parotid gland occurring during meals. We present a case of a patient who developed symptoms of Frey Syndrome 4 months after undergoing superficial parotidectomy on left side.

  10. Engineering Design Thinking

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lammi, Matthew; Becker, Kurt

    2013-01-01

    Engineering design thinking is "a complex cognitive process" including divergence-convergence, a systems perspective, ambiguity, and collaboration (Dym, Agogino, Eris, Frey, & Leifer, 2005, p. 104). Design is often complex, involving multiple levels of interacting components within a system that may be nested within or connected to other systems.…

  11. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 551 - 600 of 629 ... Vol 23, No 2 (2003):, The relevance of the Dead Sea scrolls for New Testament interpretation; with a bibliographical appendix: research, Abstract. J Frey. Supplementum 15, The resurrection as ... Vol 35, No 2 (2015), Together towards new life for missiology? Mission and missiology in the light of the ...

  12. Über asiatische Coenochilus (Coleoptera, Cetoniidae), mit einer Bestimmungstabelle

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schein, H.

    1953-01-01

    Eine Bestimmungssendung des Deutschen Entomologischen Institutes veranlasste mich, die Systematik der asiatischen Coenochilus zu studieren. Die Museen Leiden, Berlin und München und die Herren Frey, Haberäcker, Klapperich und van Nidek stellten mir ihr Material zur Verfügung; Herr Reichert des

  13. Beyond External Control: Internalization of Prosocial Values as Important in Preventing Bullying at School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roth, Guy; Bibi, Uri

    2009-01-01

    Bullying in school is a social problem where peers repeatedly and systematically use power to dominate and harm others physically, socially, or emotionally (Frey et al., 2005; Olweus, 1993). A growing body of research has demonstrated that bullying leads to problematic outcomes for both bullies and their victims (Carney, 2000; Olweus, 1994).…

  14. Using GRIDVIEW to Better Understand the Early Bombardment History of the Moon, Mars and Earth

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frey, Herbert

    2012-01-01

    For more than a decade we have used GRIDVIEW to help analyze topographic and related data for Mars and more recently for the Moon. Our focus has been to employ the stretching, contouring, profiling, circle-fitting and other capabilities of GRIDVIEW to search for Quasi-Circular Depressions (CTAs) in MOLA, LOLA and other topographic data, and for Circular Thin Areas (CTAs) in Mars and Moon model crustal thickness data. Both QCDs and CTAs likely represent buried or obscured impact craters not readily visible in image data. We found clear evidence for a much larger population of buried impact craters in the northern lowlands of Mars (Frey et al. 2002), suggesting that part of the Red Planet is not significantly younger than the southern highlands. Edgar and Frey (2008) found that the N(300) crater retention ages of both areas were essentially identical, a conclusion confirmed by Wyatt (unpublished data) using more recent crustal thickness data for Mars. MOLA topographic data and MOLA-derived crustal thickness data were used to both identify a large number of previously unrecognized very large impact basins (D> 1000 km) on Mars and to determine relative crater retention ages for them (Frey, 2008). The distribution of N(300) CRAs suggested most formed in a relatively short interval of time. This dating also suggested the main magnetic field of Mars disappeared during this period (Lillis et al., 2008), because only the youngest basins systematically lack a remagnetized signature. Similar QCD and CTA analysis of first Clementine (Frey, 2011) and more recently LOLA topographic and LOLA-derived crustal thickness data for the Moon (Frey et al., 2011) revealed a significantly larger population of impact basins > 300 km in diameter than previously known. N(50) CRAs suggest a two-peak distribution of ages (Frey, 2012). An improved counting process confirms the two peaks, perhaps indicating both a pre-Nectaris Early Heavy Bombardment (EHB) as well as a Late Heavy Bombardment (LHB

  15. Sex Differences in Mechanical Allodynia: How Can it be Preclinically Quantified and Analysed?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lauren eNicotra

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Translating promising preclinical drug discoveries to successful clinical trials remains a significant hurdle in pain research. Although animal models have significantly contributed to understanding chronic pain pathophysiology, the majority of research has focused on male rodents using testing procedures that produce sex difference data that do not align well with comparable clinical experiences. Additionally, the use of animal pain models presents ongoing ethical challenges demanding continuing refinement of preclinical methods. To this end, this study sought to test a quantitative allodynia assessment technique and associated statistical analysis in a modified graded nerve injury pain model with the aim to further examine sex differences in allodynia. Graded allodynia was established in male and female Sprague Dawley rats by altering the number of sutures placed around the sciatic nerve and quantified by the von Frey test. Linear mixed effects modelling regressed response on each fixed effect (sex, oestrus cycle, pain treatment. On comparison with other common von Frey assessment techniques, utilizing lower threshold filaments than those ordinarily tested, at 1 second intervals, ¬¬appropriately and successfully investigated female mechanical allodynia, revealing significant sex and estrus cycle difference across the graded allodynia that other common behavioral methods were unable to detect. Utilising this different von Frey approach and graded allodynia model, a single suture inflicting less allodynia was sufficient to demonstrate exaggerated female mechanical allodynia (N1S3, t = 3.4; N3S1, t = 7.7 throughout the phases of dioestrus (t = 3.3 and pro-oestrus (t = 3.5. Refining the von Frey testing method, statistical analysis technique and the use of a graded model of chronic pain, allowed for examination of the influences on female mechanical nociception that other von Frey methods cannot provide.

  16. Short and long-term post-operative outcomes of duodenum preserving pancreatic head resection for chronic pancreatitis affecting the head of pancreas: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jawad, Zaynab A R; Tsim, Nicole; Pai, Madhava; Bansi, Dev; Westaby, David; Vlavianos, Panagiotis; Jiao, Long R

    2016-02-01

    To evaluate the short and long term outcomes of duodenum preserving pancreatic head resection (DPPHR) procedures in the treatment of painful chronic pancreatitis. A systematic literature search was performed to identify all comparative studies evaluating long and short term postoperative outcomes (pain relief, morbidity and mortality, pancreatic exocrine and endocrine function). Five published studies fulfilled the inclusion criteria including 1 randomized controlled trial comparing the Beger and Frey procedure. In total, 323 patients underwent surgical procedures for chronic pancreatitis, including Beger (n = 138) and Frey (n = 99), minimal Frey (n = 32), modified Frey (n = 25) and Berne's modification (n = 29). Two studies comparing the Beger and Frey procedure were entered into a meta-analysis and showed no difference in post-operative pain (RD = -0.06; CI -0.21 to 0.09), mortality (RD = 0.01; CI -0.03 to 0.05), morbidity (RD = 0.12; CI -0.00 to 0.24), exocrine insufficiency (RD = 0.04; CI -0.10 to 0.18) and endocrine insufficiency (RD = -0.14 CI -0.28 to 0.01). All procedures are equally effective for the management of pain for chronic pancreatitis. The choice of procedure should be determined by other factors including the presence of secondary complications of pancreatitis and intra-operative findings. Registration number CRD42015019275. Centre for Reviews and Dissemination, University of York, 2009. Copyright © 2015 International Hepato-Pancreato-Biliary Association Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  17. Sanakirjoja juristeille ja ekonomeille / Jari J Marjanen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Marjanen, Jari J.

    1994-01-01

    Arvustus: Virolais-suomalais-englantilais-saksalais-venäläinen pörssisanakirja = Eesti-soome-inglise-saksa-vene börsisõnastik = Estonian-Finnish-English-German-Russian stock exchange dictionary = Estnisch-finnisch-englisch-deutsch-russishes Börsenwörterbuch / koost. Uno Liivaku, Uno Mereste ; Suomalais-virolainen lakikielen sanakirja = Soome-eesti õigussõnaraamat / toim. Rein Kull, Aime Vettik

  18. Eksportnaja sostavljajushtshaja estonskogo brenda / Eteri Kekelidze

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kekelidze, Eteri, 1944-

    2003-01-01

    Valitsus otsustas luua spetsiaalse komisjoni, et töötada välja strateegiad Eesti konkurentsivõime tõstmiseks maailmas. Eesti Ekspordiagentuuri ekspertkomisjoni esimees, mööblifirma AS-i Thulema juht August Kull leiab, et selle saavutamiseks peavad hea reputatsiooni endale kindlustama kõik meie tooted, mitte üksnes üksikute ettevõtete oma. Puidu- ja mööblitööstuse ettevõtete toodangu perspektiivist Euroopa Liidus

  19. Libatse "vabaõhumuuseumist" Pärnu-Jaagupisse / Tõnu Kann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kann, Tõnu, 1957-

    2009-01-01

    Tõnu Kanni ja Henn Soodla seitsmes matk Pärnumaa 20. sajandi väärtarhitektuuri jälgedes, kaasas kunstiteadlane Epp Lankots, kes peab Libatset kompaktseks, hästi planeeritud mitmekesise hoonetüpoloogiaga asulaks koos nägusa haljastusega - tüüpprojektide "Kullipesa" ja "Ella" arhitektid on Tõnu Kull ja Ülevi Eljand, kaupluse projekteerija - Olga Bruns

  20. Integrated Office Information System (IOIS) Summary Report. Automated Session Manager Analysis, Design and Implementation

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-05-01

    1984, Keen and Scott Morton 1978, Richman 1987, Straub and Beauclair 19881. Previous research has shown the benefits of information technology in...been shown to foster collaboration, communication, deliberation, and negotiation [Apple et al 1986, Beauclair 1987, Easton 1988, Gray 1981, Kull 19821...Illinois. 7. Beauclair , R. A., 1987, "An Experimental Study of the Effects of GDSS Process Support Applica- tions on Small Group Decision Making

  1. 1. XII kell 13 avatakse Pärnu uue kunsti muuseumis...

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2002-01-01

    Jõulunäitus "Kunst kuulub lastele!" kunstnike ja laste töödest. 6.-8. XII tekstiilipäevad (Anu Raud, Hilja Kulles); 13.-15. XII piparkoogipäevad; 20.-21. XII inglipäevad (kutsutud Ilon Wikland); 27-29. XII unenäopäevad (Enn Tegova). Saab vaadata Lasse Naukarise filmi "Kunstniku elu"

  2. Vabadusvõitluse veteran soovitab igale noorele aastakese Siberit / Villu Päärt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Päärt, Villu, 1972-

    2004-01-01

    Vt. ka Infopress, 27.02.2004, lk. 34, 131. Muuseumi "KGB kongid" loojast ja õpilasvabadusvõitlejast Päivu Kullist, kes vangistati 1950. aastal ning saadeti asumisele Siberisse. Lisatud sõnum "President autasustab Eesti iseseisvuspäeva puhul seitset ammust vabadusvõitlejat", kus ordeni saajatena on loetletud Aime Espenberg, Valev Kaska, Päivu Kull, Juhan Lumiste, Mango Daniel, Johannes Kivimäe, Lea Rebane

  3. Hinge kaudu võimu juurde / Danah Zohar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Zohar, Danah

    2006-01-01

    Vt. järelkaja Director, 2006/Apr, nr. 4, lk. 8, kus arvamust avaldavad Thulema nõukogu esimees August Kull, GO Traveli nõukogu esimees Tiit Pruuli ja Eest Ekspressi vastutav väljaandja Hans H. Luik. 12 põhimõttest, millega edendada vaimselt intelligentset juhtimist. Vt. samas: Tammemäe, Aira. Kuidas sündis Camino de Santiago juhtimiskoolitus. Lisa: Mida saab Santiago teel õppida? Kommenteerivad Mare Pork, Hannes Tamjärv

  4. Sailing The Calm And Rough Seas: The Influence Of Wealth And Sovereignty In Southeast Asian Maritime Disputes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-03-01

    International Politics in the South China Sea: Towards a Cooperative Management Regime, ed. W. S. G. Bateman and Ralf Emmers, Routledge Security in...important roles. The next important point to address is undelimited maritime boundaries and ongoing maritime disputes in Southeast Asia. Sam Bateman ...by Malaysia and Singapore could be a good sign 301 Sam Bateman , Joshua Ho, and Jane Chan, Good

  5. Indonesian Maritime Security Cooperation In the Malacca Straits

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-06-01

    Chokepoints,” July 2, 2005, http://www.wallstreetbear.com/board/view.php?topic=31801&post=103853. 86 Sam Bateman , Joshua Ho, and Jane Chan, Good...Cooperation as Part of the Solution to Piracy—The Importance of ReCAAP in Southeast Asia.” Master’s thesis, Lund University, 2012. Bateman , Sam, Joshua

  6. Tähesadu kunstihoones

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Tallinna Kunstihoones Briti Nõukogu koostatud näitus "Supernoova". Kuraator Caroline Douglas. Osalevad Gary Hume, Liam Gillick, Jane & Louise Wilson, Sarah Morris, Haluk Akakce, Phillip Allen, Keith Coventry, Dan Norton, Toby Paterson, Tony Swain, John Wood & Paul Harrison, Richard Wright, Toby Ziegler

  7. African Journal of Biotechnology - Vol 2, No 11 (2003)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Segenet Kelemu, George Mahuku, Martin Fregene, Douglas Pachino, Nancy Johnson, Lee Calvert, Idupulapati Rao, Robin Buruchara, Tilahun Amede, Paul Kimani, ... Festus Doyin Adu, Jane Iber, Tekena Harry, Cara Burns, Oluseyi Oyedele, Johnson Adekunle Adeniji, Mubarak Ossei-Kwasi, David Kilpatrick, Oyewale ...

  8. Värviküllane elujanu / Tiina Tammet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tammet, Tiina, 1971-

    2004-01-01

    Suurbritannia Vähiuuringute keskusele loodud Elu Aed 2004. a. Chelsea aiandusnäitusel. Aia kujundasid Jane Hudson & Erik de Maeijer. Mosaiiktee autor Maggy Howarth. Soojades toonides külluslik lilleaed sisendab elujõudu, vabadust ja energiat. 4 ill

  9. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Onesmus Maina Muchemi, Agnes Wangechi Gichogo, Jane Githuku Mungai, Zeinab Gura Roka. Vol 11, No 1 (2012), Trends in performance of the National Measles Case-Based Surveillance System, Ministry of Health and Child Welfare, Zimbabwe (1999 - 2008), Abstract PDF. R Choto, A Chadambuka, G Shambira, ...

  10. Gender, Space, and Discourse across Borders: Talking Gender in Cyberspace

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maher, JaneMaree; Hoon, Chng Huang

    2008-01-01

    The possibility of online student collaboration over cyberspace for two groups of students in Australia and Singapore was conceived by JaneMaree Maher at Monash University in Australia in 2005 after hearing a paper given by a colleague that detailed the experience of a three-way cross-country dialogue using flexible learning technologies. A recent…

  11. "A Is for Assessment"... Strategies for A-Level Marking to Motivate and Enable Students of All Abilities to Progress

    Science.gov (United States)

    Facey, Jane

    2011-01-01

    Jane Facey was unsatisfied with the way in which her A-Level students responded to typical assessment practice. This would normally involve their teacher marking their work and then providing them with written feedback. In looking to move beyond this, Facey drew upon a wide range of research and practice which has sought to develop the way in…

  12. Author Details

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Namukobe, Jane. Vol 10, No 6 (2016) - Articles Hippeastrum hybridum anthocyanins as indicators of endpoint in acid – base titrations. Abstract PDF. ISSN: 1997-342X. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors · FAQ's · More about AJOL · AJOL's Partners · Terms and ...

  13. Internetireklaami odavast hinnast saab varsti ajalugu / Villu Zirnask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Zirnask, Villu, 1966-

    2006-01-01

    Delfi juhatuse esimehe Ville Jehe hinnangul toimub internetireklaami hinna tõus - umbes 20% aastas - vähemalt seni, kuni see on jõudnud telereklaami hinnaga lähedasele tasemele. Ühispanga turustusosakonna asedirektor Merike Kukk, online-reisibüroo bookinghouse.net turundusjuht Jane Ild interneti- ja telereklaami kasutamisest. Lisad. Diagrammid

  14. Home market is too small for Laima / Uva Seglina

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Seglina, Uva

    2004-01-01

    Läti magusatootja Laima turundusjuht ettevõtte tegevusest, eesmärkidest Baltimaade turul, turundusstrateegiast ning olulisematest turundusalastest saavutustest, Laima brändi tugevatest ja nõrkadest. Kommenteerivad Andra Treibaha, Eriks Stenzenieks, Jane Ounaste ja Edgars Skulte

  15. Doing things differently: advantages and disadvantages of Web questionnaires.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Steve; Murphy, Fiona; Edwards, Mark; James, Jane

    2008-01-01

    For this article, Steve Jones, Fiona Murphy, Mark Edwards and Jane James draw on experiences of delivering a questionnaire to a group of nursing students using the web. Although they encountered problems, this approach to data collection appears to have potential.

  16. Zitkala-Sa and the Problem of Regionalism: Nations, Narratives, and Critical Traditions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Totten, Gary

    2005-01-01

    Although Yankton Sioux writer Zitkala-Sa (Gertrude Bonnin, 1876-1938) was, as P. Jane Hafen notes, "virtually unknown for many decades," much critical work has appeared since Dexter Fisher's 1979 article,"Zitkala-Sa: Evolution of a Writer." Some critics desiring to bring Zitkala-Sa into the conversation about turn-of-the-century American women…

  17. "The Mind Has to Catch Up on Sex": Sexual Norms and Sex Education in the Hull House

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fair, Alexandra

    2018-01-01

    From its beginning in 1885, the Hull House was beacon for social progress and urban reform. Founders Jane Addams and Ellen Gates Starr recruited talented, passionate partners from diverse fields to address issues from street sanitation to education in Chicago's immigrant communities. Among residents' many projects, their involvement in the…

  18. Kogumikplaadid / Heidi Purga

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Purga, Heidy, 1975-

    2006-01-01

    Uutest plaatidest Mary J. Blige "Reflections - A Restrospective", Moby "Go: The Very Best Of Moby", George Michael "Twenty Five", R.E.M. "And I Feel Fine...: The Best Of The I.R.S. Years 1982-1987", Jane's Addiction "Up From The Catacombs: The BEst Of", The Corrs "dreams: The Ultimate Corrs Collection", P.O.D. "Greatest Hits"

  19. 03 Wessels 03.pmd

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Tienie01

    12 Jun 2006 ... benadering definieer. Maria Edgeworth (1767-1849) het byvoorbeeld na 'n realistiese uitbeelding van haar samelewing gestreef en word as 'n belangrike invloed op beide Sir Walter Scott se historiese werke en Jane Austen se sosiale romans beskou. (Albei skrywers het haar bewonder en. 03 Wessels 03.

  20. Novel Readings: The History of a Writing Community by a Partial, Prejudiced, & Ignorant Historian

    Science.gov (United States)

    King, Virginia

    2013-01-01

    In this article, I explore the history of a higher education writing community from its establishment in 2005 to the present day. In order to provide a model of community development which may be generalizable, this inherently "partial" and "prejudiced" Autoethnographic account is framed by themes taken from three of the novels of Jane Austen…

  1. Sõda, viin, naised ja surm / Vaapo Vaher

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vaher, Vaapo, 1945-

    2005-01-01

    Tutvustus: Gelassimov, Andrei. Janu / vene k. tlk. Jaan Ross. Tallinn : Kultuurileht, 2005. (Loomingu Raamatukogu) ; Austen, Jane. Mõistus ja tunded / inglise k. tlk. Karin Suursalu. Tallinn : Tänapäev, 2005 ; Kiik, Heino. Ole usin : 1948-1954. Tartu : Ilmamaa, 2005 ; Palm, August. Villem Reiman : [1861-1917]. 2., täiend. tr. Tartu : Ilmamaa, 2004

  2. "Pride and Prejudice". [Lesson Plan].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soderquist, Alisa

    Based on Jane Austen's novel "Pride and Prejudice," this lesson plan presents activities designed to help students understand that classics are those pieces of literature that continue to be popular long after they were written; classics tend to have universal themes; and Austen's writing has been updated and dramatized and, most likely, will…

  3. Teaching the 'A' Level Text: Emma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huband, David

    1987-01-01

    Notes how important it is that any critical writing assignments should take into account the individual reading, and that the teacher's role is to steer discussion that stems from a class of individual readings. Explores some of the aspects of Jane Austen's novel "Emma" to which students readily respond. (HTH)

  4. to view fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    chicken, being possessed of a good fortune and presented with a good road, must be desirous of crossing. Jane Austen. It was the logical next step after coming down from the trees. Charles Darwin. Whether the chicken crossed the road or the road crossed the chicken depends on your frame of reference. Albert Einstein.

  5. ENGLISH, JUNIOR YEAR, SECOND SEMESTER. HIGH SCHOOL TELEVISION SERIES, SEMINAR--63.

    Science.gov (United States)

    GANCZEWSKI, JOAN D.

    NINETY TELECAST OUTLINES ARE INCLUDED. THE CLASS WAS BROADCASTED FIVE MORNINGS A WEEK FOR 18 WEEKS. THE TELECAST BEGAN WITH THE ROMANTIC PERIOD, INCLUDING ROBERT BURNS, ROBERT LOUIS STEVENSON, THE LAKE POETS, SIR WALTER SCOTT, LAMB, HAZLITT, LORD BYRON, P.B. SHELLEY, JOHN KEATS, AND JANE AUSTEN. LESSONS ON GRAMMAR, SPELLING, AND THE FIRST…

  6. First Impressions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coen, Frank

    1969-01-01

    The unreliability of first impressions and subjective judgments is the subject of both Jane Austen's "Pride and Prejudice" and Lionel Trilling's "Of This Time, Of That Place"; consequently, the works are worthwhile parallel studies for high school students. Austen, by means of irony and subtle characterization, dramatizes the…

  7. A way out of the wasteland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koppel, G

    1980-06-01

    This essay describes the author's experiences with Judaism, with the art of Jane Austen, and with the thought of a radical Catholic theologian, Leslie Dewart. The author's synthesis of these disparate elements indicates that it is possible to achieve a religious view that satisfies one's spiritual and emotional needs without conflicting with the widespread modern conception of the integrity and openness of man's evolution.

  8. Austen and Eliot: A Change in Teaching Approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lescinski, Joan M.

    Before the insights of feminist criticism altered the way many writers are examined, Jane Austen and George Eliot were usually considered to be upholders of the status quo. The explosion in criticism in the last two decades, however, has reshaped and reinterpreted the canon, and has changed the way one academic teaches these two novelists. Using…

  9. Austen's Granddaughter: Louise Plummer Re(de)fines Romance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bennion, John

    2002-01-01

    Believes that young people need contemporary authors who maintain the tradition of the classics. Notes that sometimes the language of the classics seems stilted and overly formal to students. Suggests having students read contemporary and classic novels together. Explores how teachers might link the novels of Louise Plummer and Jane Austen. (SG)

  10. A COMPUTER ANALYSIS OF FICTIONAL PROSE STYLE.

    Science.gov (United States)

    KROEBER, KARL

    FUNDAMENTAL CHARACTERISTICS OF FICTIONAL PROSE STYLE WERE STUDIED THROUGH SYSTEMATIC AND OBJECTIVE ANALYSES OF NOVELISTIC SYNTAX AND VOCABULARY. SAMPLE PASSAGES FROM THE MAJOR NOVELS OF JANE AUSTEN, THE BRONTE SISTERS, AND GEORGE ELIOT AS WELL AS NOVELS BY 13 OTHER AUTHORS WERE ANALYZED. INFORMATION ON PASSAGE SENTENCES, CLAUSES, AND WORDS WAS…

  11. An Aspect of Colonialism and Anti-Colonialism: A Comparative Study between the Traces of British Imperialism in English Literature and the Counterpoint of Anti-Colonialism in Bengali Literature of 19th Century

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haque, Farhana

    2016-01-01

    In "Mansfield Park," Jane Austen has exhibited the English identity lies on property earned by the slave trade in Caribbean Islands. If we go deep inside of the history of Britain we could able to see their awareness and concern over a national identity, and consider American colonies a poor reflection on Britain. The traits of British…

  12. An Analysis of the Emotional Contradiction in Pride and Prejudice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓倩

    2009-01-01

    This paper aims to reveal Jane Austen’s creative style of realism through an analysis of the emotional contradiction in Pride and Prejudice,which develops as the only clue of a love story.Its essence as an entanglement of"rationality"and"emotionality" embodies the author’s view of love and the voice of women’s liberation.

  13. An Analysis of the Emotional Contradiction in Pride and Prejudice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓倩

    2009-01-01

    This paper aims to reveal Jane Austen' s creative style of realism through an analysis of the emotional contradiction in Pride and Prejudice, which develops as the only clue of a love story. Its essence as an entanglement of "rationality" and "emotionality"embodies the author' s view of love and the voice of women' s liberation.

  14. Portrayal of Life Form in Selected Biographies for Children Eight to Twelve Years of Age.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koch, Shirley Lois

    This study describes and analyzes, in a critical literary manner, selected biographies for children eight to twelve years of age. Biographies of Jane Addams, Cesar Chavez, Mohandas Gandhi, Toyohiko Kagawa, Martin Luther King, Jr., and Albert Schweitzer are viewed from the perspective of a literary criterion based on the principles of design to…

  15. Emma

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Austen, Jane

    2005-01-01

    When Emma Woodhouse sets out on a career of match-making in the little town of Highbury she manages to cause confusion at every step. Jane Austen was particularly proud of Emma, in which she takes apart the desires and foibles of small-town society with unnerving accuracy.

  16. ANNE TONER. Ellipsis in English Literature: Signs of Omission

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lupton, Tina Jane

    2016-01-01

    As a freshman, I once met a PhD Student writing about the use of the comma in Jane Austen. For years the thesis topic kept me entertained as an example of how narrowly focused literary study could become. Reading Anne Toner's Ellipsis in English Literature commits me to a recantation of that joke...

  17. 76 FR 7907 - Quarterly Publication of Individuals, Who Have Chosen To Expatriate, as Required by Section 6039G

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-11

    ... PATRICK COYLE BRENDAN H D'ALVIELLA EUGENIE AIMEE GOBLET DARWIN ANGELA MARY BRUCE DAVID CARY RICHARD DAVID... ELIZABETH U FUNG PASCALE N GIBSON MATTHEW CHARLES GIBSON SARAH CLAIRE GIDRON GILLA MEZZAN GINDIN DMITRY... LINDA ANETTE HANSEN PAUL ROBERT HARDWICK III CHARLES CHEEVER HARRIS JANE VELDA HARSONO SUDARGO HARTLEY...

  18. Big Books and Small Marvels

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stanistreet, Paul

    2012-01-01

    The Reader Organisation's Get into Reading programme is all about getting people together in groups to engage with serious books. The groups are mixed and the participants sometimes challenging, but the outcomes are often remarkable. Jane Davis, who founded the Reader Organisation and continues to oversee Get into Reading, has witnessed a massive…

  19. Understanding Life Cycle Assessment: Applications for OSWER's Land and Materials Managment

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Office of Superfund Remediation and Technology Innovation (OSRTI) is hosting an informative webcast presentation by Jane Bare, expert on Life Cycle Impact Assessment (LCIA) in EPA's Office of Research and Development. Ms. Bare's presentation will provide an overview of LCIA, ...

  20. Abielluda! Abielluda! Abielluda! / Jaan Ruus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ruus, Jaan, 1938-2017

    2008-01-01

    Lühiarvustus Jane Austeni romaani ekraniseeringule "Mõistus ja tunded" ("Sens and Sensibility") : stsenarist Emma Thompson : režissöör Ang Lee : Suurbritannia - Ameerika Ühendriigid 1995. Lisatud andmed režissööri kohta

  1. Environmental Impact Statement For the Disposal and Reuse of Hunters Point Shipyard Volume 1: Main Text and Appendices

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-03-01

    Solar » County and Cities JANE BAKER Cities of San Mateo County JAMES T. BEAU JR. Santa Clara County SHARON BROWN Cities of Contra Costa County...pure minds. We were just kind of buying diapers and getting formula and cooking dinner for our husbands... (King, 1995). Pat Womack, an early resident

  2. Hüsteeria, seks ja selektiivne mälu / Anneli Porri

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Porri, Anneli, 1980-

    2006-01-01

    Marge Monko näitus "Uurimusi kodanlusest" (Charcot' klassifitseeritud krambiasendeid esitab tantsija Krõõt Juurak) Hobusepea galeriis 17.-22. V; Jane Suviste ja Piibe Piirma näitus "Editeeritud mälu" Tallinna Linnagaleriis kuni 28. V; Andres Lõo kureeritud noortenäitus "Sex" Vaal-galeriis 2.-20. V

  3. Incorporating Human Rights into the Sustainability Agenda: A Commentary on "Corporate Responsibility to Respect Human Rights and Business Schools' Responsibility to Teach It"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andrew, Jane

    2013-01-01

    In her commentary of McPhail's 2013 article "Corporate Responsibility to Respect Human Rights and Business Schools' Responsibility to Teach It: Incorporating Human Rights into the Sustainability Agenda," Jane Andrew begins by highlighting a number of McPhail's primary arguments. She points out that McPhail sets out to achieve two things…

  4. Plaadisoovitus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Uutest heliplaatidest Andrea Bocelli "Amore", Mike Oldfield "The Platinum Collection", "Walk The Line", Sugarland "Twice the Speed Of Life", Chicago "XXX", The Streets "The Hardest Way To Make An easy Living", Willie Nelson "You Don't Know Me", "Late night Motown", Jane Birkin "Fictions", "Bossa n' Stones2", The little Willies, David Gilmour "On An Island"

  5. Teaching about Kinematics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, Jane Bray; Nelson, Jim

    2009-01-01

    Written by Jim and Jane Nelson, Teaching About Kinematics is the latest AAPT/PTRA resource book. Based on physics education research, the book provides teachers with the resources needed to introduce students to some of the fundamental building blocks of physics. It is a carefully thought-out, step-by-step laboratory-based introduction to the…

  6. A Tentative Study on the Task-Based Teaching of Writing to English Majors in Chinese Settings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhaochun, Sun

    2015-01-01

    Under task-based learning (TBL) framework, language learners engage in purposeful, problem-oriented, and outcome-driven tasks that are comparable to traditional teaching methods which focus only on the correctness of grammar. In this study, the author employs Jane Willis' TBL framework and examines its effects on the improvement of EFL learners'…

  7. CITA works

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ramsgaard Thomsen, Mette; Tamke, Martin; Ayres, Phil

    2015-01-01

    readers with insights into our design-led practice-based architectural research which queries how computation challenges the way we think, design and build architecture. With essays by Professor Mette Ramsgaard Thomsen (Head of CITA), and Dr. Jane Burry (Head of the Spatial Information Architecture...

  8. Free Riding Indexes for Ukrainian Economics Teachers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCorkle, Sarapage; Watts, Michael

    1996-01-01

    Reports on the adaptation and replication of Jane Leuthold's experiment concerning consumer choice, investments, and free riding indexes. A similar experiment, conducted in a Ukrainian classroom, produced similar results with a few notable exceptions. The exceptions reflected the Ukrainians' lack of familiarity with western economic thought. (MJP)

  9. Sex and the Leuthold Free Rider Experiment; Some Results from an Israeli Sample.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kleiman, Ephraim; Rubenstein, Yona

    1996-01-01

    Reports on the replication of Jane Leuthold's experiment concerning consumer choice, investments, and free riding indexes. This experiment, conducted in an Israeli undergraduate economics class, broadened the subjects' characteristics questionnaire to include issues of social consciousness and altruism. Includes four tables of statistical data.…

  10. Pop / Tõnu Kaalep

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaalep, Tõnu, 1966-2018

    2005-01-01

    Heliplaatidest: Jane Birkin "Rendez-Vous", Van Der Graaf Generator "Present", D-A-D "Scare Yourself", Quasimoto "The Further Adventures of Lord Quas", Van Morrison "Magic Time", Ry Cooder "Chavez Ravine", Erinevad esitajad "Blue Note Trip", Thievery Corporation "The Cosmic Game"

  11. WTO Dispute Settlement: Status of U.S. Compliance in Pending Cases

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-29

    have rejected Charming Betsy arguments and (...continued) Jane A. Restani & Ira Bloom ...complaints were filed: DS217, filed jointly by Australia, Brazil, Chile , the European Union (EU), India, Indonesia, Japan, Korea and Thailand, and DS234...Members—Brazil, Chile , EU, India, Japan, Korea, Canada, and Mexico—asked the WTO in January 2004 for authorization to impose retaliatory measures.93

  12. On jõulujuttude aeg / Krista Kumberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kumberg, Krista, 1959-

    2007-01-01

    Arvustus: Minu jõulujutt / [koostajad Jane Liiv, Terje Puistaja, Tiia Toomet]. Tartu : Eesti Rahva Muuseum, 2007 ; Soasepp, Tiia. PPP, ehk, Pesulõksupäkapikkude projekt. Tallinn : Koolibri, 2007 ; Toompere, Harriet. Väikese põhjapõdra uued lood / illustreerinud Anu Kalm. [Tallinn] : Varrak, 2007

  13. Changing Teacher Practices: Proceedings of a National Conference (Austin, Texas, October 1981).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Defino, Maria E., Ed.; Carter, Heather, Ed.

    In this report of a working conference, experts in the teacher education field considered the adequacy of current research on teaching practices and obstacles in the implementation of changes based on research findings. In "How Useful Are the Findings from the Research on Teaching," Jane A. Stallings discussed findings from research on teaching…

  14. Close Encounters of the Amphibious Kind

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Tammy D.; Lubischer, Jane L.

    2014-01-01

    In this article, Tammy D. Lee and Jane L. Lubischer describe a classroom lesson designed to explore how animals use sound to communicate and how this communication affects their survival. Lee and Lubischer wanted to bring an awareness of how science is happening in students' own backyards. They developed a half-day 5E lesson integrating two…

  15. Satellite photo of CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    1991-01-01

    This photo from the Landsat5 orbital telescope shows the locations of CERN's Meyrin and Prevessin sites near Geneva on the Swiss-France border. The tunnels housing the LHC and SPS accelerators are also illustrated. Photo credit: US Geological Survey/photo by Jane Doe.

  16. What Are You Looking at? The Complication of the Male Gaze in "Fin de Siècle" Cancan and Bob Fosse's "Sweet Charity"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calvano, Jenn Ariadne

    2018-01-01

    "Fin de siècle" cancan dancers Jane Avril and Louise Weber ("La Goulue") examined alongside the musical dance and song number "Big Spender" from Sweet Charity serve as examples of how decontextualization of images leads to essentializing the subject of the image that gives precedence to a male gaze focus. In analyzing…

  17. Travelling to infinity the true story behind the theory of everything

    CERN Document Server

    Hawking, Jane

    2014-01-01

    In this exceptionally open, moving and often funny memoir, Jane Hawking confronts not only the acutely complicated and painful dilemmas of her first marriage, but also the fault lines exposed in a relationship by the pervasive effects of fame and wealth. The result is a book about optimism, love and change that will resonate with readers everywhere.

  18. Search Results | IDRC - International Development Research Centre

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 1 - 10 of 8530 ... Fostering women's leadership to advance human rights in informal settlements. IDRC-supported researcher Jane Weru discusses the role of women in ... to curb tobacco consumption and prevent tobacco-related diseases. ... Accusations of sexual assault have been reported against public figures in ...

  19. Selecting, Evaluating and Creating Policies for Computer-Based Resources in the Behavioral Sciences and Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richardson, Linda B., Comp.; And Others

    This collection includes four handouts: (1) "Selection Critria Considerations for Computer-Based Resources" (Linda B. Richardson); (2) "Software Collection Policies in Academic Libraries" (a 24-item bibliography, Jane W. Johnson); (3) "Circulation and Security of Software" (a 19-item bibliography, Sara Elizabeth Williams); and (4) "Bibliography of…

  20. 27. XI esitles Kanuti gildi saalis Mooste avatud ateljee MOKS video-, heli- ja tegevuskunstiprogrammi "Põhi silmab kagu"...

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    Esinesid MOKSiga seotud kunstnikud ja rühmitused: John Grzinich, OPA: Slobodanka Stevceska, Denis Saraginovski (Obsessive Possessive Aggression, Makedoonia), Kaarel Vulla, Irene Roos, Jane Remm, OMP: maalikunstnikud Maris Palgi, Eva Orav ja ajakirjanik Maia Möller, Pink Punk: Kristin Kalamees, Margus Tamm, Sandra Jõgeva

  1. 16 CFR 803.2 - Instructions applicable to Notification and Report Form.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ..., by the Internet or by providing paper copies, by 5 p.m. on the next regular business day, will result... voting securities of the same issuer. Example: Jane Doe, her husband and minor child collectively hold... persons, in the case of an acquisition of voting securities, with respect to only the issuer whose voting...

  2. Finding the Right Care | Center for Cancer Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trained as a registered nurse and with a doctoral degree in public health, Jane D. is no stranger to the U.S. health care system. But, when she found herself facing a diagnosis of anal cancer in 2013, she felt adrift.

  3. Volshebnõi fonar Rozhe Vadima / Olga Kalmõkova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalmõkova, Olga

    2001-01-01

    Kohtumisel autoriga räägib tuntud prantsuse filmirežissöör Roger Vadim (1928-2000) oma võluvatest abikaasadest : Brigitte Bardot'st (1934), Catherine Deneuve'st (1943), Jane Fondast (1937) ja Marie-Christine Barrault'st (1944)

  4. la tentative

    OpenAIRE

    Jane Lake; Hugo Wolf

    2013-01-01

    Can a duet between music and image be a written essay? Collaborators Jane Lake and Hugo the Wolf explore this premise through sight, sound, and text in an essay, an attempt, a temptation on "repetition, memory, rhythm, and marks made by the passage of time."

  5. Who’s in Charge? Defense Policy Formation in Japan

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-01

    Hongo , DPJ shows stress fractures under pressure of leadership, August 8, 2009, http://search.japantimes.co.jp/cgi-bin/nn20090808f1.html (accessed...ballistic shield.” September 1, 2000. Jane’s International Defense Review. http://www4.janes.com/subscribe (accessed August 18, 2010). Hongo , Jun

  6. Arhitektuuriuudised / Karen Jagodin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jagodin, Karen, 1982-

    2007-01-01

    Eramu Jaapanis (arh. büroo TNA Arhitektid) ja Itaalias (arh. Massimo Curzi). Elektrijaama territooriumi ümberplaneerimine Soomes Hanasaaris. Berliini Spandau linnaossa rajatud lasteaed "Pipi paradiis" (arh. büroo Baupiloten). Restoran Inglismaal Littlehamptoni rannikul (arh. Thomas Heatherwick ja Jane Wood)

  7. Fostering women's leadership to advance human rights in informal ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    As part of our Gender Speaker Series, Jane Weru, executive director of Akiba Mashinani Trust, will discuss the role of women's leadership in efforts to improve the ... International Water Resources Association, in close collaboration with IDRC, is holding a webinar titled “Climate change and adaptive water management: ...

  8. Current Titles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Various

    2006-06-01

    This booklet is published for those interested in current research being conducted at the National Center for Electron Microscopy. The NCEM is a DOE-designated national user facility and is available at no charge to qualified researchers. Access is controlled by an external steering committee. Interested researchers may contact Jane Cavlina, Administrator, at 510/486-6036.

  9. Networks for Innovation in Sustainable Tourism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Reid, Stuart

    2015-01-01

    Janne J Liburd, Jack Carlsen, Deborah Edwards Contributors: Paulina Bohdanowicz- Godfrey, Jack Carlsen, Michael KwekuCommeh, Jiayi Du, Deborah Edwards, Paddy Forde, Jane Hansen, AnjaHergesell, Michael Hughes, Janne J Liburd, Larr y Quick, NicoSchulenkorf, Ginger Smith. 2013(1st edition), Tilde Pu...

  10. VALIDITY, RELIABILITY AND UTILITY OF THE 6-YEAR AGES AND STAGES QUESTIONNAIRE

    OpenAIRE

    Ajay SINGH

    2015-01-01

    This dissertation has been accepted and approved in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the requirements for the Doctor of Philosophy degree in the Department of Special Education and Clinical Sciences by: Professor Jane Squires, Professor Michael Bullis, Profes-sor Debra Eisert, Dr. Deborah Olson, and Professor J. Andrew Berglund. Original approval signatures are on file with the University of Oregon Graduate School.

  11. Media Arts: A Shifting Paradigm?

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGuire, Andrew

    2012-01-01

    The chairs of four arts education professional organizations--Jane Bonbright of the National Dance Education Organization, Michael Butera of the National Association for Music Education, Lynne Kingsley of the American Alliance for Theatre and Education, and Deborah Reeve of the National Art Education Association--were individually interviewed for…

  12. The Book Club Exploded

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoffert, Barbara

    2006-01-01

    One leader, 12 readers, and a few well-thumbed copies of Jane Austen's "Pride and Prejudice." That is all a book club once required, but this is no longer the case. This article describes how the runaway popularity of book clubs has brought with it a whole new set of possibilities. Thematic discussion? A fiction/nonfiction mix? Videoconferencing?…

  13. 77 FR 25538 - Quarterly Publication of Individuals, Who Have Chosen To Expatriate

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-30

    ... ERIK PAUL FURLER NICOLAS SILVAN FURRER GAJA MARIA FURRER JONAS KEVIN FURRER SACHA GABRIELLA GAGNON... CATHERINE MARIE MILNE NATASHA JANE MIN CHRIS SHIK MIN STEVE BAE MIZRACHI ELI HAIM MONTAGUE ALEXANDRE NICOLAS... CHRISTIAN MARTIN SYZ ISABEL SUSAN TAN CHUAN LIONG TAN WEI-EE BEVERLY [[Page 25544

  14. Seeing the Point: Using Visual Sources to Understand the Arguments for Women's Suffrage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Card, Jane

    2011-01-01

    Visual sources, Jane Card argues, are a powerful resource for historical learning but using them in the classroom requires careful thought and planning. Card here shares how she has used visual source material in order to teach her students about the women's suffrage movement. In particular, Card shows how a chain of questions that moves from the…

  15. Turkey: Background and U.S. Relations In Brief

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-08-04

    described the failed coup as a “ gift from God” that would allow the military to be “cleansed.” 27 The United States, various European leaders, and...six F-35s. “Turkey – Procurement ,” IHS Jane’s Sentinel Security Assessment - Eastern Mediterranean, December 8, 2015. For more information on recent

  16. Oral Health

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... by: Jane Atkinson, D.D.S., Chief, Center for Clinical Research, Division of Extramural Research, National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research Michael Reddy, D.M.D., D.M.Sc., Dean, School of Dentistry, University of Alabama at Birmingham All material contained ...

  17. Teaching Character Education to College Students Using Bildungsromans

    Science.gov (United States)

    Novianti, Nita

    2017-01-01

    The paper reports a study on the teaching of character education in higher education using English Bildungsroman, "Jane Eyre." The participants were 35 sixth-semester students of English Literature program in an Indonesian state university. Guided by the approach to teaching character education exemplified by Ryan & Bohlin (1999),…

  18. Mitmekordsed rollimängud / Aita Kivi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivi, Aita, 1954-

    2000-01-01

    Sisu : Toomas Vint. Nädalavahetusel. Mängides; William Somerset Maugham. Jõulupuhkus; Meredith Rich. Parfüümi essents; Tordis ₍rjasaeter. Inimeste südamed : Sigrid Undset; C. David Heymann. Naine nimega Jackie; Heljo Jaik-Corradi. Mõtteid ei saa pidada; Jane Heller. Mõrvakatse merel

  19. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Guthikonda Nagaraju, School of Physics, University of Hyderabad,. Hyderabad, India. Haldar Sudip Kumar, Lady Brabourne College, Kolkata, India. Jagtap B N, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai, India. Jain Jinesh, National Energy Technology Laboratory, Mississippi, USA. Jane Alam Mohammad, Aligarh Muslim ...

  20. Nigeria's Nascent Democracy and 'WAR' Against Corruption: A Rear ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    2011-04-19

    Apr 19, 2011 ... it is in advanced democracies (Daily Times, Sept. 13, 1999). There are a ... (Tell, June 19, 2000:16). In view of persistent media 'war' against him, the ..... (cited in Jane, 1980:23), poses a serious threat. Also considering the.