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Sample records for karol putyera shiva

  1. Interview with Karol Modzelewski

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paola Guglielmotti

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available The first section of this interview addresses the political and cultural milieu that shaped Karol Modzelewski’s education (in Poland and Italy, too, the relations with both his mentor Aleksander Gieysztor and the historians of the previous generation, the condition of education in Poland especially in the ’60s, his political involvement, the selection of his research interests and the development the latter underwent. Then the interview examines Modzelewski’s relations with scholars belonging to other historiographical schools, with particular attention to the issue of ethnogenesis, the methodology concerning the structure of sources to reconstruct the history of the Barbarian world in the first millennium, the matter of the “Barbaric collectivism”, the reception of his study L’Europa dei barbari (‘The Europe of the Barbarians’, 2004, and finally how research is organized and evaluated in Poland. Quotable as Intervista a Karol Modzelewski, a cura di Paola Guglielmotti e Gian Maria Varanini, "Reti Medievali - Rivista", 11, 1 (2010, p. 509-579, url: .

  2. Shiva, Lord of Bhang.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Godlaski, Theodore M

    2012-08-01

    In India, Cannabis Indica has been used for literally thousands of years in the worship of the god Shiva. Cannabis is used in an orally administered form called bhang which can be either the wet resinous leaves formed into pills of a drink made of milk, cannabis, and various spices consumed by worshipers of Shiva on festival days or by smoking the flowering buds of cannabis-a practice generally reserved for holy men who dedicate their lives to ascetic practice and the worship of Shiva. This practice is codified in the Vedas as well as in legends about the origin of cannabis and its relationship to Shiva.

  3. Lord Shiva Statue Unveiled

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    On 18 June, CERN unveiled an unusual new landmark, a 2m tall statue of the Indian deity Lord Shiva.It was unveiled by the Director General, Dr Robert Aymar, His Excellency Mr K. M. Chandrasekhar, Ambassador (WTO-Geneva) and Dr Anil Kakodkar, Chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission and Secretary, Dept of Atomic Energy, India. (18/06/2004)

  4. Lord Shiva Statue Unveiled

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    On 18 June, CERN unveiled an unusual new landmark, a 2m tall statue of the Indian deity Lord Shiva. The Director-General and Dr. Kakodkar watch as Mr.Chandrasekhar signs the Guest Book. The statue is a gift from India, celebrating CERN's long association with India which started in the 1960's and continues strongly today. It was unveiled by the Director General, Dr Robert Aymar, His Excellency Mr K. M. Chandrasekhar, Ambassador (WTO-Geneva) and Dr Anil Kakodkar, Chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission and Secretary, Dept of Atomic Energy, India. In the Hindu religion, this form of the dancing Lord Shiva is known as the Nataraj and symbolises Shakti, or life force. As a plaque alongside the statue explains, the belief is that Lord Shiva danced the Universe into existence, motivates it, and will eventually extinguish it. Carl Sagan drew the metaphor between the cosmic dance of the Nataraj and the modern study of the 'cosmic dance' of subatomic particles. The statue was made in India. The original sculpture was...

  5. "Shiva Natavaja, King of Dancers."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prabhu, Vas

    1987-01-01

    Offers an art lesson designed to introduce junior high school students to a Shiva sculpture and to Hindu symbolism. The lesson is based on a full-color photograph of a 500 year-old bronze sculpture entitled Shiva Nataraja, King of Dancers. (BR)

  6. Ananda's Tandava: "The Dance of Shiva" Reconsidered

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kersenboom, S.

    2011-01-01

    Almost one hundred years ago Ananda K. Coomaraswamy (1877-1947) published "The Dance of Shiva". The essay summarizes the essential significance of Shiva as Nataraja, "Lord of Dance", and till today has proven the most persistent point of reference that turned this south Indian bronze into a national

  7. Ananda's Tandava: "The Dance of Shiva" Reconsidered

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kersenboom, S.

    2011-01-01

    Almost one hundred years ago Ananda K. Coomaraswamy (1877-1947) published "The Dance of Shiva". The essay summarizes the essential significance of Shiva as Nataraja, "Lord of Dance", and till today has proven the most persistent point of reference that turned this south Indian bronze into a national

  8. KAROL WOJTYLA'S PHILOSOPHY OF ANTROPO-CENTRED DRAMA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jan Galarowicz

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Commentators of Karol Wojtyla's philosophical thought usually offer three types of its interpretation. Some of them claim that Wojtyla's philosophy belongs to the category of classical philosophy of being. Other scholars believe that it is a variety of realistic phenomenology. Most frequently, Wojtyla's philosophical thought is interpreted as synthesis of the philosophies of being and consciousness. Yet, there are serious reasons to believe that Wojtyla's thought is essentially philosophy of human existence drama, having different qualities from the philosophy created by Józef Tishner. The paper contributed to the development of the latter interpretation.What is the main structure and characteristics of this philosophy? Primarily, it is a realistic phenomenology. Its specific character is determined by the fact that it does not exclude hermeneutics and implies a definite ontology. While describing, interpreting and explaining the intra-personal drama, the drama between humans as well between God and human being, Karol Wojtyla applies the notions of the philosophy of being, consciousness philosophy, axiological ethics and community personalism. Although, Karol Wojtyla's philosophical creativity is essentially far from poetic language, yet it relies profoundly on the Evangelical metaphor of wheat grain: "I tell you the truth, unless a kernel of wheat falls to the ground and dies, it remains only a single seed. But if it dies, it produces many seeds" (John 12:24

  9. Euthanasia, assisted suicide, and the philosophical anthropology of Karol Wojtyla.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernandes, Ashley K

    2001-12-01

    The lack of consensus in American society regarding the permissibility of assisted suicide and euthanasia is due in large part to a failure to address the nature of the human person involved in the ethical act itself. For Karol Wojtyla, philosopher and Pope, ethical action finds meaning only in an authentic understanding of the person; but it is through acting (actus humanus) alone that the human person reveals himself. Knowing what the person ought to be cannot be divorced from what he ought to do; for Wojtyla, the structure of the ethical "do"--the act itself--comes first. The current paper will focus on four arguments used to justify assisted suicide and euthanasia: (1) the argument from autonomy, (2) the argument from compassion, (3) the argument from the evil of suffering, and (4) the argument from the loss of dignity. It will seek to answer each claim from the perspective of Karol Wojtyla's philosophical anthropology. Much of this will come from his defining work in pure philosophy, The Acting Person (1969). The final part of the paper will suggest some positive solutions to the stalemate over the euthanasia debate, again drawn from Wojtyla's idea of human fufillment through participation with the other, and with the community itself.

  10. The SHIVA Project: Spaceflight Holography in a Virtual Apparatus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trolinger, Jim; Rogers, Jan; Witherow, William; Coimbra, Carlos; Rangel, Roger; Whitaker, Ann F. (Technical Monitor)

    2001-01-01

    The poster summarizes theoretical and experimental concepts used in the development of the proposed NASA flight experiment SHIVA (Spaceflight Holography in a Virtual Apparatus). SHIVA exploits a unique holography-based, diagnostics tools to understand the behavior of small particles subjected to transient accelerations. Flight experiment protocols and apparatus will test model equations, characterize the acceleration environment and other microgravity phenomena. The primary objective of SHIVA is to enhance the current understanding of complex dynamics of small particles subjected to transient microgravity conditions. Existing theory did not fully describe the movement of particles in fluids in the microgravity environment. Results from recent ground-based experiments and comparison with the model recently developed by Rangel and Coimbra are presented.

  11. Transgenic Paulownia Expressing shiva-1 Gene Has Increased Resistance to Paulownia Witches' Broom Disease

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Tao DU; Yao WANG; Qin-Xue HU; Jie CHEN; Sheng LIU; Wen-Jin HUANG; Mu-Lan LIN

    2005-01-01

    Stem segments from diseased Paulownia tomentosa×P. fortunei and leaves from healthy control were transformed with the expression vector p438PRSI via Agrobacterium tumefaciens. The p438PRSI vector contained shiva-1 gene, which encodes an antibacterial peptide under the control of a CaMV35S promoter. The regenerated plants from transformed explants were planted in a greenhouse and nursery. PCR and Southern blotting analysis showed that the shiva-1 gene was successfully integrated into the Paulownia genome. Transcription of the integrated shiva-1 gene was confirmed by RT-PCR. Bioassay in the green house and phytoplasma DNA-dot blotting demonstrated that resistance to Paulownia witch's broom disease (PWB) increased significantly in shiva-1-transgenic Paulownia. Further investigations indicated that higher Shiva-1 expression correlated with fewer phytoplasma and less symptoms in diseased transgenic Paulownia. Together, our findings strongly suggest that breeding shiva-1-Paulownia is an effective strategy to control PWB disease.

  12. SELF-DETERMINATION THE FUNDAMENTAL CATEGORY OF PERSON IN THE UNDERSTANDING OF KAROL WOJTYŁA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    TADEUSZ ROSTWOROWSKI, S.J.

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available The concept of self-determination is the central category of personin the understanding of Karol Wojtyła. He perceived and developed it thanks to the application of a phenomenological method so that in the full description of experience gained by man one arrives at the noumenal bases of man himself.

  13. High energy density capacitor testing for the AFWL SHIVA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, D. L.; Reinovsky, R. E.

    Lifetime testing and analysis of small samples of high energy density (HED) discharge capacitors at the AFWL were conducted to find a component suitable for upgrading the SHIVA capacitor bank to a 6 MJ facility. Evaluation was performed with discharge conditions of approximately 250 kA per capacitor at 60 to 70% reversal and 2 microsec quarter period. Dielectric systems including Kraft paper with caster oil impregnant and Kraft paper, polypropylene with DiOctyl Phthalate (DOP) impregnant were tested.

  14. Karol Olszewski’s 100th anniversary of death and his contribution to cryogenics (in Polish

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alicja RAFALSKA‑ŁASOCHA

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The article briefly presents the scientific achievements of Karol Olszewski (1846–1915, who was born when Poland did not exist on the map of Europe and Polish science was developed mainly in Krakow, Lviv and at some European Universities. In 1883 Karol Olszewski and Zygmunt Wróblewski were the first in the world to liquefy oxygen, nitrogen and carbon oxide from the atmosphere in a stable state. In 1884 Olszewski was also the first person who liquefied hydrogen in a dynamic state, achieving a record low temperature of 225 °C (48 K. In 1895 he succeeded in liquefying argon. In January 1896 Olszewski replicated the Roentgen’s set­‑up for obtaining X­‑rays and successfully obtained this newly­‑discovered radiation for the first time in Krakow, initiating the foundation of the university’s department of radiology. Olszewski died on 25 March 1915. In March 2015 the Faculty of Chemistry of the Jagiellonian University organized a special celebration to commemorate the life and achievements of Karol Olszewski.

  15. SHIVA (Spaceflight Holography Investigation in a Virtual Apparatus)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trolinger, James D.; Witherow, William; Rogers, Jan; Rangel, Roger; Coimbra, Carlos

    2000-01-01

    This paper provides the description and results of a ground-based experiment designed to support the spaceflight program SHIVA, which started its flight definition in 1998. SHIVA will apply new diagnostic tools and experimental techniques to test the validity of a newly discovered analytical solution to the general equation of motion of a particle in a fluid. We have designed a spaceflight experiment with the help of the theoretical model that is optimized for testing the model, and for measuring g, g-jitter, and other microgravity phenomena. Our ongoing, ground-based particle/fluid experiment supports both the experimental and theoretical aspects of the project. The ultimate spaceflight experiment will be similar to the ground-based experiment. The "virtual spaceflight chamber" concept asserts that certain spaceflight experiments can be recorded in holograms in such a manner that having the holograms on earth is optically equivalent to being back in space with unlimited time to conduct the experiment. Properly exploited, this concept can save a significant amount of experiment time in space by effectively bringing the. experiment optically back to earth. SHIVA will accomplish the following: record a large number of holograms of particle fields in space under controlled conditions, extract the precise, three-dimensional position of all of the particles as a function of time, examine the effects of all parameters on the motion of the particles, and test these against predictions of the Coimbra-Range1 solution to the general equation of motion. Particle sizes will range from hundreds of microns up to about 2 mm in diameter and will cover a range of densities and fluid viscosities. Forcing functions will be introduced onto the particle field, including at least the following: a) No isolation in the Spacelab vibration environment. b) Isolation from Spacelab. c) Oscillatory motion from 1 to 100 Hz with amplitudes of a few millimeters. d) Convective fields to be

  16. The evolution of a large laser control system - From Shiva to Nova

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Suski, G.J.; Holloway, F.W.

    1979-09-01

    The Nova laser system is a 200 terawatt laser facility under construction at Lawrence Livermore Laboratory. Its current operational predecessor, the 30 terawatt Shiva laser, is controlled and diagnosed via a network of 50 computers. Although the highly distributed Shiva control system has proven effective and reliable, the need for more integrated process control on Nova is leading to a more centralized architecture. An overview of these control systems is presented and their differences are discussed.

  17. SHIVA: Spaceflight Holography Investigation in a Virtual Apparatus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trolinger, James D.; Rangel, Roger; Coimbra, Carlos; Lal, Ravindra B.; Witherow, William; Rogers, Jan

    2000-01-01

    SHIVA, a NASA spaceflight program, will exploit a unique, holography-based, diagnostics tool to test and apply a new, more general analytical solution to a fundamental equation of motion. The equation describes particle dynamics in fluids in a microgravity environment, and our solution represents the first analytical solution of it. When gravity is removed the equation becomes much more complex and had been solved previously only by numerical means. After our analytical solution has been validated it will be used as a tool for making additional measurements of the gravity environment. Our experiment will be optimized for testing the model, measuring g, g-jitter, and other microgravity phenomena. We will also collect data for which no current theory exists, This paper describes ground experiments and analysis that have been conducted by the investigator team to support the flight experiment.

  18. Design and statistical principles of the SHIVA trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paoletti, Xavier; Asselain, Bernard; Kamal, Maud; Servant, Nicolas; Huppé, Philippe; Bieche, Ivan; Le Tourneau, Christophe

    2015-09-01

    Most molecularly targeted agents (MTAs) are expected to work in subgroups of cancer patients characterized by the presence of molecular alterations in the tumor cells. However, clinical development is generally carried out according to tumor type. The SHIVA randomized trial on the contrary has been set up to investigate which of tumor biology or tumor location and histology is the most important to select treatment in patients with cancer refractory to standard of care. Statistical principles, specificities, strengths and limitations of this trial that evaluates an omic-based algorithm to select the targeted agent are reviewed. In particular, the need for a randomized trial where the various steps to build the algorithm are explicitly described and standardized is emphasized. The impact of an algorithm that would be partly misspecified (i.e., that would lead to correct treatment selection for some tumor molecular profile but not for all) is quantified.

  19. SHIVA-(Spaceflight Holography in a Virtual Apparatus)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trolinger, James D.; LaI, Ravindra B.; Rangel, Roger; Coimbra, Carlos; Witherow William; Rogers, Jan

    2001-01-01

    SHIVA (Spaceflight Holography Investigation in a Virtual Apparatus) will expand our understanding of the fundamental physics of particle movement in fluids by exploiting the power of holography in a spaceflight experiment'. In addition, the study will exploit the movement of particles in fluids to observe and quantify microgravity phenomena that are extremely important in materials sciences with applications both in space and on earth. The regime under scrutiny is the low Reynolds number, Stokes regime or creeping flow, which covers particles and bubbles moving at very low velocity. The equations describing this important regime have been under development and investigation for over 100 years and yet a complete analytical solution of the general equation had remained elusive yielding only approximations and numerical solutions. In the course of the ongoing NASA NRA, the first analytical solution of the general equation was produced by members of the investigator team using the mathematics of fractional derivatives. This opened the way to an even more insightful and important investigation of the phenomena in microgravity.

  20. Magnetized Inertial Fusion (MIF) Research at the Shiva Star Facility

    Science.gov (United States)

    Degnan, James; Grabowski, C.; Domonkos, M.; Ruden, E. L.; Amdahl, D. J.; White, W. M.; Frese, M. H.; Frese, S. D.; Wurden, G. A.; Weber, T. E.

    2015-11-01

    The AFRL Shiva Star capacitor bank (1300 μF, up to 120 kV) used typically at 4 to 5 MJ stored energy, 10 to 15 MA current, 10 μs current rise time, has been used to drive metal shell (solid liner) implosions for compression of axial magnetic fields to multi-megagauss levels, suitable for compressing magnetized plasmas to MIF conditions. MIF approaches use magnetic field to reduce thermal conduction relative to inertial confinement fusion (ICF). MIF substantially reduces required implosion speed and convergence. Using profiled thickness liner enables large electrode apertures and field-reversed configuration (FRC) injection. Using a longer capture region, FRC trapped flux lifetime was made comparable to implosion time and an integrated compression test was conducted. The FRC was radially compressed a factor of ten, to 100x density >1018 cm-3 (a world FRC record), but temperatures were only 300-400 eV, compared to intended several keV. Compression to megabar pressures was inferred by the observed liner rebound, but the heating rate during the first half of the compression was less than the normal FRC decay rate. Principal diagnostics were soft x-ray imaging, soft x-ray diodes, and neutron measurements. This work has been supported by DOE-OFES.

  1. The Relation between Consciousness and Emotions in the Thought of Karol Wojtyła

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Grzegorz Hołub

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available This article presents Karol Wojtyła’s thinking on consciousness and its possible distortion called the ‘emotionalization of consciousness’. In consciousness two functions can be distinguished, namely a receptive function and an experiencing/ interiorizing function. When the emotionalization of this dual structure takes place, consciousness is weakened in registering emotional facts (in their cognitive aspect as well as in their proper experiencing (i.e. in referring them to the interiority of the subject. Wojtyła concentrates on self-knowledge as a power, which can contribute to limiting or eliminating the emotionalization of consciousness. However, he does not mention how to strengthen self-knowledge and make it more adequate for the job. Hence, in the paper, the author underlines the role of understanding and command of language, which can make self-knowledge a more efficient tool.

  2. A proposed Atlas liner design fabricated for hydrodynamic experiments on Shiva Star

    CERN Document Server

    Anderson, W; Armijo, E; Bartos, Yu; Cameron, B; García, F; Henneke, B; Randolph, B; Salazar, M A; Sandoval, D L; Steckle, W; Turchi, P J; Gale, D

    2001-01-01

    Summary form only given. An entirely new cylindrical liner system has been designed and fabricated for use at Shiva Star. The design incorporates features expected to be applicable to a future Atlas power flow channel with the intention of keeping any required liner design modifications to a minimum when the power flow channel at Atlas is available. Four shots were successfully conducted at Shiva Star that continued a series of hydrodynamics physics experiments started on Pegasus. Departures from the diagnostic suite that had previously been used at Pegasus required new techniques in the fabrication of the experiment insert package.

  3. Gene shiva-1 Inheritance and Expression of Transgenic Paulownia%转基因泡桐shiva-1基因遗传与表达分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜涛; 郭剑华; 张海州; 侯明生; 黄小毛; 周宁一; 林木兰

    2005-01-01

    在分别获得转基因泡桐自交F1代、杂交F1代的基础上,利用PCR检测所获得的转基因后代群体.结果表明,外源基因在自交子代中分离比例为3:1;杂交子代中分离比例为1:1,符合孟德尔单基因遗传.所获得的无性繁殖子代均能够利用PCR检测到抗菌肽shiva-1基因的存在.RT-PCR证明随机挑选的转基因泡桐子代中shiva-1基因能够转录产生mRNA.

  4. Spaceflight Holography Investigation in a Virtual Apparatus (SHIVA) Ground Experiments and Concepts for Flight Design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miernik, Janie H.; Trolinger, James D.; Lackey, Jeffrey D.; Milton, Martha E.; Waggoner, Jason; Pope, Regina D.

    2002-01-01

    This paper discusses the development and design of an experimental test cell for ground-based testing to provide requirements for the Spaceflight Holography Investigation in a Virtual Apparatus (SHIVA) experiment. Ground-based testing of a hardware breadboard set-up is being conducted at Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama. SHIVA objectives are to test and validate new solutions of the general equation of motion of a particle in a fluid, including particle-particle interaction, wall effects, motion at higher Reynolds Number, and a motion and dissolution of a crystal moving in a fluid. These objectives will be achieved by recording a large number of holograms of particle motion in the International Space Station (ISS) glove box under controlled conditions, extracting the precise three- dimensional position of all the particles as a function of time, and examining the effects of all parameters on the motion of the particles. This paper will describe the mechanistic approach to enabling the SHIVA experiment to be performed in a ISS glove box in microgravity. Because the particles are very small, surface tension becomes a major consideration in designing the mechanical method to meet the experiments objectives in microgravity, To keep a particle or particles in the center of the test cell long enough to perform and record the experiment and to preclude contribution to particle motion, requires avoiding any initial velocity in particle placement. A Particle Injection Mechanism (PIM) designed for microgravity has been devised and tested to enable SHIVA imaging. Also, a test cell capture mechanism, to secure the test cell during vibration on a specially designed shaker table for the SHIVA experiment will be described. Concepts for flight design are also presented.

  5. [The issue of autonomy in medical ethics: philosophy of Karol Wojtyła].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niebrój, Lesław T; Olejniczak, Marek; Kruźlak, Agnieszka

    2007-01-01

    The issue of autonomy seems to play a very central and fundamental role in contemporary medical ethics. However, it should be emphasized, that there is no agreement on how the concept of autonomy ought to be understood. Although as the main intellectual framework to describe the meaning of "autonomy" is the use of philosophical system of John St. Mill or Immanuel Kant, one could identify the tendency to redefine the concept under study. The aim of this article was to find out if the philosophy of Karol Wojtyla could provide--interesting from the bioethical point of view--insights into understanding of the idea of autonomy. The Wojtyla's critique of Kant's and Mill's understanding of autonomy was shortly described and the main elements of Wojtyla's concept of autonomy were analyzed. On the basis of these considerations it was assumed that philosophical background of Wojtyla is so different from those which are used in the contemporary, especially so called Anglo-American, bioethics that introducing it "elements" of his thinking would lead to misunderstandings and indeed even serious errors. On the other hand, however, philosophical works of Wojtyla seems to be very influential in developing 'personalistic' bioethics. But this bioethics could be accepted only by people who share Wojtyla's ontological and probably also theological or religious assumptions.

  6. Clinical efficacy of Shiva Guggulu and Simhanada Guggulu in Amavata (Rheumatoid Arthritis).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pandey, Shweta A; Joshi, Nayan P; Pandya, Dilip M

    2012-04-01

    Amavata is the second most common joint disorders. Nowadays erroneous dietary habits, lifestyle and environment have led to various autoimmune disorders i.e. Amavisajanya Vikaara and Amavata is one among them. Rheumatoid arthritis can be correlated with Amavata in view of its clinical features. Many research studies have been done to solve this clinical enigma, but an effective, safe, less complicated treatment is still required for the management of Amavata. In the present study, 24 patients of Amavata were registered and randomly grouped into two. In group A, Shiva Guggulu 6 g/day in divided doses and in group B, Simhanada Guggulu 6 g/day in divided doses were given for 8 weeks. On analysis of the results, it was found that Simhanada Guggulu provided better results as compared to Shiva Guggulu in the management of Amavata.

  7. Intel Shiva VPN技术发布与演示会在深举办

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    近日,由Intel和深圳市南凌科技发展有限公司联合举办、市科技局协办的“中国华南地区IntelShiva VPN技术发布与演示会”在深圳举行,华南地区约300家企业负责人参加了会议。

  8. Sensibilität und Motivation zum sozialen Handeln in der Auffassung Karol Wojtylas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zbigniew Waleszczuk

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Sensitivity, as the ability to respond to internal and external stimuli, undoubtedly plays an important role in the social action of persons. Without this ability -as in the case of indifference- human being lacks a perception that is necessary in response to a specific emergency situation or a need. This article focuses on the teaching of Karol Wojtyla in his major work Acting Person , with a particular emphasis on the question of the motivation of human action. We want to reply to three basic questions related to the topic: Does this ability strengthens or weakens the culture of the Internet age, especially in Western European society? What is the primary motive of human action? Is sensitivity an essential motive and a factor of development of the person and society? What practical consequences we can draw from the teachings of the Krakow thinker about sensitivity? A person, as defined by Wojtyla, that is isolated, remains indifferent. Similarly persons who are hypersensitive hinders themselves to a mature participation in responsible love. The first quality (indifference leads persons to flee from their duties. The second (hypersensitivity leads persons to be overwhelmed by this challenge. The first we can describe as lack of feeling, the second as excessive compassion. The diagnosis of Wojtyla (it is more important to be than to have remains very current and is an important stimulus in which direction to go to promote motivation for social action, and to build a society of communion of persons. Instead of an individualistic dominated competitive struggle of egos, we should try to realize a society in which the encounter of persons is characterized by mutual devotion in love. The Person and the Challenges Volume 7 (2017 Number 1, p. 63–75 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15633/pch.1981

  9. Construction of Eukaryotic Expression Vector and Sequence Analysis of Antimicrobial Peptide Gene Shiva 1a%抗菌肽Shiva1a基因真核表达载体的构建及序列分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宫晓炜; 郑福英; 蔺国珍; 曹小安; 王光华; 周继章; 才学鹏

    2011-01-01

    为了探讨天蚕类抗菌肽在动物早期抗感染过程中的作用机理,本研究以Shiva 1a基因的成熟肽为模板设计4条引物,利用重叠延伸PCR技术获得目的基因,并在C端添加6×His的标签.将此序列与真核表达载体pIRES2 -EGFP进行重组,构建pIRES2-EGFP-Shiva 1a重组表达质粒,对重组质粒进行酶切和测序鉴定后,采用阳离子脂质体转染将重组质粒转染到CHO-K1细胞,荧光显微镜观察其表达情况.通过生物信息学软件对抗菌肽Shiva 1a的二级结构和三级结构进行预测分析.其结果为进一步研究Shiva 1a的抗菌活性和在动物抗病育种方面的应用奠定了基础.%To explore the effect mechanism of cecropin-class lytic peptide at early stage of infection. The mat peptide of Shiva la was amplified by overlap extension PCR and the C-terminus contained 6×His-marker. The gene sequence were recombi-nant with eukaryotic expression vector pIRES2-EGFP. After being identified by restriction enzyme digestion and sequencing, the recombinant plasmid pIRES2-EGFP-Shiva la was transfected into CHO-K1 cells by liposomes. The expression of the the recombinant plasmid pIRES2-EGFP-Shiva 1a was observed by fluorescence microscope. At the same time, the secondary structure and 3D structure were predicted by bioinformatics tools. The results lay the foundation in research of antimicrobial activities and applications of the antimicrobial peptide Shiva la in breeding for disease resistance of animals.

  10. 多肽抗生素apidaecin和Shiva-I在烟草胞外液中的稳定性%Stability of Apidaecin and Shiva-I in Tobacco Intercellular Fluid

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙超; 王晖; 彭学贤

    2001-01-01

    本研究利用电泳分析法和活性分析法测定了多肽抗生素apidaecin和Shiva-I在烟草胞外液中的稳定性.apidaecin的活性半衰期为1.6h;Shiva-I的活性半衰期为8.0h.apidaecin的C-末端酰胺化后稳定性增加l倍,而酰胺化对Shiva-I的稳定性影响不大.利用MALDI-TOF质谱分析了两种多肽抗生素在烟草胞外液中的降解位点,apidaecin有两个蛋白酶降解位点,而Shiva-I有5个.利用蛋白酶抑制剂法测定了烟草胞外液中降解两种多肽抗生素的蛋白酶种类.apidaecin主要被丝氨酸蛋白酶和金属蛋白酶降解;5hiva-I可被丝氨酸蛋白酶、金属蛋白酶、巯基蛋白酶和精氨酸蛋白酶降解.

  11. First results from the SHIVA SONNE expedition to the tropical Western Pacific during November 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krüger, K.; Quack, B.; Fuhlbrügge, S.; Tegtmeier, S.; Shiva Sonne Team

    2012-04-01

    The tropical oceans are a known source of reactive bromine and iodine to the atmosphere in the form of short-lived brominated and iodinated methanes as e.g. bromoform (CHBr3) and methyliodide (CH3I). These very short lived substances (VSLS) are expected to reach the stratosphere and deplete stratospheric ozone in the tropics especially if they have strong emissions over the tropical oceans, where high convective activity with fast efficient uplifts exists. Thus, the tropical Western Pacific is of special interest since the oceanic VSLS are largely uncharacterized and are projected to have hot spots for both their emissions and fast transport pathways to the stratosphere throughout the year. In this study, we present first results from the SHIVA Sonne expedition to the tropical Western Pacific during November 2011. The ship cruise was embedded within the frame work of the EU-project SHIVA (Stratospheric ozone: Halogen Impacts in a Varying Atmosphere). To investigate the large variability of VSLS sources in more detail the expedition cruised through Malaysian and Philippine coastal and open waters of various biogeochemical regimes. The ship expedition will be introduced to the audience, presenting the atmospheric and hydrographic setting. We will show highlights from the cruise including frequent meteorological profile soundings, characterizing the atmosphere from the marine boundary layer to the stratosphere in more detail, together with VSLS measurements both from the atmosphere and the ocean. First estimates of the VSLS transport into the stratosphere will be presented.

  12. 抗菌肽Shiva A基因导入杂交水稻恢复系明恢63的初步研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    向太和; 贾士荣; 等

    1999-01-01

    利用农杆菌介导法将抗菌肽Shiva A基因导入杂交水稻恢复系明恢63成熟胚诱导的愈伤组织中,并再生植株。经PCR检测分析证明Shiva A基因已整合到再生植株的基因组中。

  13. Bromoform and Dibromomethane Emission During the SHIVA Western Pacific 2011 Field Campaign: A 3-D Model Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mantle, Hannah; Hossaini, Ryan; Chipperfield, Martyn

    2013-04-01

    Halogenated very short-lived species (VSLS) with atmospheric lifetimes of SHIVA Malaysia 2011 field campaign provided a comprehensive VSLS dataset obtained in a region where these source gases have the potential to reach the stratosphere and deplete ozone. Observations of VSLS were collected during November and December 2011 on board the DLR Falcon aircraft during sixteen local flights. Fourteen of these flights have been used in this study due to technical difficulties experienced on the remaining two flights. Four emission scenarios, including both top-down and bottom-up approaches derived from airborne measurements and ocean fluxes of VSLS, were used in TOMCAT and each scenario was compared to observations of bromoform and dibromomethane collected during the SHIVA campaign. The mean bias of each emission scenario against the SHIVA observations was calculated for all fourteen flights considered. Results indicate that the bottom-up emission scenario, derived from measured oceanic fluxes of bromoform and dibromomethane, matches the SHIVA observed values of both major VSLS source gases more closely than that of the top-down emission scenarios (0.16 pptv total mean bias for both bromoform and dibromomethane for all fourteen flights considered). Although slightly underestimating the SHIVA observed values, all other emission scenarios overestimate the observations of bromoform by a greater magnitude. Dibromomethane is underestimated by two emission scenarios and overestimated by one, all by a greater extent than that of the bottom-up emission scenario derived from measured VSLS oceanic fluxes. Global mixing ratio maps highlight the difference in global distribution of VSLS emissions between each emission scenario. Our work suggests that bottom-up derived emission estimates may be more accurate than those derived from airborne measurements, but that all methods produce surface level values within the WMO ranges given for MBL bromoform and dibromomethane. A truly global

  14. Design and Preparation of a Particle Dynamics Space Flight Experiment, SHIVA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trolinger, James; L'Esperance, Drew; Rangel, Roger; Coimbra, Carlos; Wiltherow, William

    2003-01-01

    ABSTRACT This paper describes the flight experiment, supporting ground science, and the design rationale for project SHIVA (Spaceflight Holography Investigation in a Virtual Apparatus). SHIVA is a fundamental study of particle dynamics in fluids in microgravity. Gravity often dominates the equations of motion of a particle in a fluid, so microgravity provides an ideal environment to study the other forces, such as the pressure and viscous drag and especially the Basset history force. We have developed diagnostic recording methods using holography to save all of the particle field optical characteristics, essentially allowing the experiment to be transferred from space back to earth in what we call the "virtual apparatus" for on-earth microgravity experimentation. We can quantify precisely the three-dimensional motion of sets of particles, allowing us to test and apply new analytical solutions developed by members of the team as reported in the 2001 Conference (Banff, Canada). In addition to employing microgravity to augment the fundamental study of these forces, the resulting data will allow us to quantify and understand the ISS environment with great accuracy. This paper shows how we used both experiment and theory to identify and resolve critical issues and produce an optimal the study. We examined the response of particles of specific gravity from 0.1 to 20, with radii from 0.2 to 2mm. to fluid oscillation at frequencies up to 80 Hz with amplitudes up to 200 microns. To observe some of the interesting effects predicted by the new solutions requires the precise location of the position of a particle in three dimensions. To this end we have developed digital holography algorithms that enable particle position location to a small fraction of a pixel in a CCD array. The spaceflight system will record holograms both on film and electronically. The electronic holograms can be downlinked providing real time data, essentially acting like a remote window into the ISS

  15. SUBJETIVIDAD SIN SUBJETIVISMO: ¿LA ANTROPOLOGÍA FILOSÓFICA DE KAROL WOJTYLA SIN LA METAFÍSICA DE TOMÁS DE AQUINO?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Rumayor

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes the philosophical thought of Karol Wojtyla and his idea of subjectivity. It is focused on underlying and clarifying a mistaken interpretation of this issue and its consequences upon some relevant aspects. Some phenomenologists have considered the main idea of Wojtylas’ subjectivity uniquely under the lens of Max Scheler and Immanuel Kant, completely ignoring Thomas Aquinas’ vision. This confusion has provoked an idea —far from the classical subjectum— that brings out most of the modern interpretation of person, feelings, intention, and love, elements that are, in this context, the ideological columns of modern subjectivism.

  16. Karol Wojtyla: el surgimiento de una vocación a indagar por la verdad del hombre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrés Felipe López López

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available El incesante retorno de Karol Wojtyla al estudio del hombre y la defensa de la dignidad de la persona no son hechos producto del azar o del mero interés del pensador, sino que son resultado de la experiencia del fenómeno del totalitarismo durante el transcurso de la Segunda Guerra Mundial; además, sufrió todo el desprecio de la barbarie nazi y la posterior llegada del comunismo a su nación; estas “ideologías del mal” como él las llamó, dan cuenta de la naturaleza verdadera y radical del mal, del olvido del otro y de la desestimación sistemática por la vida humana. Este artículo es una descripción del ejercicio de poder y dominación ejecutados concretamente por Adolf Hitler a Polonia durante el paso de la guerra por ese país, tierra natal del Papa. El objeto de estudio es la comprensión, en términos de causalidad, del pensamiento de Wojtyla: personalismo y humanismo cristiano; los términos “totalitarismo”, “geopolíica”, “personalismo” y la figura de Hitler son esenciales. Los pensadores no se hacen solos, su temperamento es fruto del contexto en el que vivieron. En este análisis, para hacer más fina esa comprensión pretendida, son citados otros autores que han ampliado el horizonte de comprensión sobre el fenómeno citado, por ejemplo Hannah Arendt y Joan Carles Mélich.

  17. Designs and challenges for personalized medicine studies in oncology: focus on the SHIVA trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Le Tourneau, Christophe; Kamal, Maud; Trédan, Olivier; Delord, Jean-Pierre; Campone, Mario; Goncalves, Anthony; Isambert, Nicolas; Conroy, Thierry; Gentien, David; Vincent-Salomon, Anne; Pouliquen, Anne-Lise; Servant, Nicolas; Stern, Marc-Henri; Le Corroller, Anne-Gaëlle; Armanet, Sébastien; Rio Frio, Thomas; Paoletti, Xavier

    2012-12-01

    Personalized medicine is defined by the National Cancer Institute as "a form of medicine that uses information about a person's genes, proteins, and environment to prevent, diagnose, and treat disease." In oncology, the term "personalized medicine" arose with the emergence of molecularly targeted agents. The prescription of approved molecularly targeted agents to cancer patients currently relies on the primary tumor location and histological subtype. Predictive biomarkers of efficacy of these modern agents have been exclusively validated in specific tumor types. A major concern today is to determine whether the prescription of molecularly targeted therapies based on tumor molecular abnormalities, independently of primary tumor location and histology, would improve the outcome of cancer patients. This new paradigm requires prospective validation before being implemented in clinical practice. In this paper, we will first review different designs, including observational cohorts, as well as nonrandomized and randomized clinical trials, that have been recently proposed to evaluate the relevance of this approach, and further discuss their advantages and drawbacks. The design of the SHIVA trial, a randomized proof-of-concept phase II trial comparing therapy based on tumor molecular profiling versus conventional therapy in patients with refractory cancer will be detailed. Finally, we will discuss the multiple challenges associated with the implementation of personalized medicine in oncology, as well as perspectives for the future.

  18. Findings of the SHIVA field campaign in the South China Sea in Nov.-Dec. 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pfeilsticker, Klaus

    2013-04-01

    Marine emissions of so-called halogenated very short-lived substances (VSLS) are known to considerably contribute to the ozone destroying halogen loading of the stratosphere. In this context, most crucial are VSLS emissions in regions of large vertical transport, i.e. the tropics and in particular in the warm pool of the Western Pacific during the rainy seasons (November to March). In order to study the biogenic emissions of halogenated VSLS, their atmospheric transport and transformation, the internationally coordinated field expedition SHIVA (Stratospheric ozone: Halogen Impacts in a Varying Atmosphere) was performed within the margins of the South China Sea in November and December 2011. Partners from 19 institutions from 9 countries participated in the campaign. Funding came from the EU's 7th framework programme and additionally from a larger number of national funding agencies. The activities included investigations in the laboratory and on the ground, during local ship cruises, the research vessel SONNE, deployments of the DLR (Germany's national research center for aeronautics and space) Falcon aircraft around Borneo, simultaneous satellite observations, the meteorological forecasting and analysis, and numerical modeling of atmospheric transport and photochemistry. The present talk provides an overview on the performed research activities, reports on joint studies, and some core research results obtained to date.

  19. Der Kategorische Imperativ als Grundstein der Menschenwürde und Form der Offenbarung Gottes ... bei Immanuel Kant und Karol Wojtyla

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zbigniew Waleszczuk

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this analysis is to show the categorical imperative as the cornerstone of human dignity and form of revelation of God in the work of Immanuel Kant and Karol Wojtyla. The suspicious and distant attitude of Christian philosophers, as well as the Catholic Church compared to Kant has a long history. To this day there are only a few researches that analyse from this point of view (Kantian influences the philosophical thinking of Karol Wojtyla. Though Kant identified the question of God as the cardinal question of our abstract rationality, he believed in God and future life, even in his lifetime he was underestimated, misunderstood and treated with hostility. The experience of duty is”ratio conoscendi” of freedom in Kant and Wojtyla. For the two thinkers the question of freedom is the basic category of there philosophies. Through which authority moral law challenges the human being? Kant and Wojtyla, both philosophers comprehend the highest authority as divine power which formulated the moral law before man. The “holy lawmaker” – God – reveals himself in the human act.

  20. Bioinformatics for precision medicine in oncology: principles and application to the SHIVA clinical trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Servant, Nicolas; Roméjon, Julien; Gestraud, Pierre; La Rosa, Philippe; Lucotte, Georges; Lair, Séverine; Bernard, Virginie; Zeitouni, Bruno; Coffin, Fanny; Jules-Clément, Gérôme; Yvon, Florent; Lermine, Alban; Poullet, Patrick; Liva, Stéphane; Pook, Stuart; Popova, Tatiana; Barette, Camille; Prud'homme, François; Dick, Jean-Gabriel; Kamal, Maud; Le Tourneau, Christophe; Barillot, Emmanuel; Hupé, Philippe

    2014-01-01

    Precision medicine (PM) requires the delivery of individually adapted medical care based on the genetic characteristics of each patient and his/her tumor. The last decade witnessed the development of high-throughput technologies such as microarrays and next-generation sequencing which paved the way to PM in the field of oncology. While the cost of these technologies decreases, we are facing an exponential increase in the amount of data produced. Our ability to use this information in daily practice relies strongly on the availability of an efficient bioinformatics system that assists in the translation of knowledge from the bench towards molecular targeting and diagnosis. Clinical trials and routine diagnoses constitute different approaches, both requiring a strong bioinformatics environment capable of (i) warranting the integration and the traceability of data, (ii) ensuring the correct processing and analyses of genomic data, and (iii) applying well-defined and reproducible procedures for workflow management and decision-making. To address the issues, a seamless information system was developed at Institut Curie which facilitates the data integration and tracks in real-time the processing of individual samples. Moreover, computational pipelines were developed to identify reliably genomic alterations and mutations from the molecular profiles of each patient. After a rigorous quality control, a meaningful report is delivered to the clinicians and biologists for the therapeutic decision. The complete bioinformatics environment and the key points of its implementation are presented in the context of the SHIVA clinical trial, a multicentric randomized phase II trial comparing targeted therapy based on tumor molecular profiling versus conventional therapy in patients with refractory cancer. The numerous challenges faced in practice during the setting up and the conduct of this trial are discussed as an illustration of PM application.

  1. Bioinformatics for Precision Medicine in Oncology: principles and application to the SHIVA clinical trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicolas eServant

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Precision medicine (PM requires the delivery of individually adapted medical care based on the genetic characteristics of each patient and his/her tumor. The last decade witnessed the development of high-throughput technologies such as microarrays and next-generation sequencing which paved the way to PM in the field of oncology. While the cost of these technologies decreases, we are facing an exponential increase in the amount of data produced. Our ability to use this information in daily practice relies strongly on the availability of an efficient bioinformatics system that assists in the translation of knowledge from the bench towards molecular targeting and diagnosis. Clinical trials and routine diagnoses constitute different approaches, both requiring a strong bioinformatics environment capable of i warranting the integration and the traceability of data, ii ensuring the correct processing and analyses of genomic data and iii applying well-defined and reproducible procedures for workflow management and decision-making. To address the issues, a seamless information system was developed at Institut Curie which facilitates the data integration and tracks in real-time the processing of individual samples. Moreover, computational pipelines were developed to identify reliably genomic alterations and mutations from the molecular profiles of each patient. After a rigorous quality control, a meaningful report is delivered to the clinicians and biologists for the therapeutic decision. The complete bioinformatics environment and the key points of its implementation are presented in the context of the SHIVA clinical trial, a multicentric randomized phase II trial comparing targeted therapy based on tumor molecular profiling versus conventional therapy in patients with refractory cancer. The numerous challenges faced in practice during the setting up and the conduct of this trial are discussed as an illustration of PM application.

  2. Shiva-1a基因在杆状病毒中的表达及其表达产物抑菌活性的检测%Expression of the Shiva-1a Gene in Recombinant Baculovirus System and Analysis of the Peptide Antimicrobial Activity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许丹; 许信刚; 王志昇; 闫东东; 童德文

    2011-01-01

    Based on the sequences of shiva-1a lytic peptide registered in GenBank, the fragment of the preferred codons of insect, shiva-1a gene sequence was designed and artificial synthesized, and then cloned into the pBacFast Dual vector of BAC-TO-BACTM recombinant baculovirus expression system.The recombinant plasmid was transformed into DH10Bac competent cell.By transfecting spodoptera fragiperda 9 (Sf-9) ceils with cellfectin and prepared recombinant bacmid, the recombinant baculovirus from the supernatant was obtained.PCR showed that the recombinant baculovirus was constructed successfully.Western blot showed that shiva-1a peptide with a molecular weight of 5 ku was expressed.In vitro antimicrobial test showed that shiva-1a antimicrobial had activity against E.coli.%根据GenBank上公布的shiva-1a的成熟肽基因序列,人工合成shiva-1a基因并加入6×His标签.将shiva-1a基因克隆到杆状病毒转座载体pBacFast-Dual中,筛选重组质粒,转化大肠杆菌DH10Bac感受态细胞,经蓝白斑筛选得到重组杆状病毒DNA,以脂质体介导法转染Sf-9昆虫细胞,待细胞出现病变后,收集上清液从而获得重组杆状病毒.用此杆状病毒感染的Sf-9细胞,Western blot检测出分子量约5 ku的shiva-1a多肽,与预期结果大小一致.体外抑菌试验证明,表达的shiva-1a多肽对大肠杆菌(DE3菌株)具有抑菌活性.

  3. Halocarbon distributions and emissions in the western tropical Pacific during the SHIVA SONNE expedition in November 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quack, B.; Atlas, E.; Shi, Q.; Hepach, H.; Raimund, S.; Kinzel, J.; Leedham, E.; Fuhlbrügge, S.; Wiegmann, S.; Chea, W.; Wittke, F.; Robinson, A.; Harris, N.; Kreher, K.; Sturges, B.; Bracher, A.; Wallace, D.; Krüger, K.

    2012-04-01

    Marine brominated and iodinated halocarbons participate in catalytic ozone destruction and aerosol formation in the troposphere and they also have a significant impact on stratospheric ozone. While the tropical oceans are a known source of these very short lived substances (VSLS), including e.g. bromoform (CHBr3) and methyliodide (CH3I), the tropical Western Pacific waters are largely uncharacterized for these compounds. Coastal macro algae, regionally enhanced phytoplankton abundance, photochemical reactions and local anthropogenic sources are expected to contribute to strong marine emissions. As high convective activity with fast efficient uplift takes place throughout the year, the western Pacific is projected to be a hot spot for oceanic VSLS supply to the stratosphere. In this study, we present first results from the SHIVA Sonne expedition to the South China Sea during November 2011. The research cruise was embedded within the framework of the EU-project SHIVA (Stratospheric ozone: Halogen Impacts in a Varying Atmosphere). During the cruise we investigated the large variability of the VSLS concentrations in both ocean and atmosphere using several methods, including in-situ atmospheric measurements, air canister sampling, purge and trap gas chromatography with electron capture and mass spectrometric detection. We will intercompare the results from various methods and present highlights from the expedition including atmospheric and oceanic VSLS data, as well as first estimates of emissions.

  4. In situ measurements of IO and reactive iodine aboard the RV Sonne during SHIVA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heard, Dwayne; Walker, Hannah; Ingham, Trevor; Huang, Ru-Jin; Wittrock, Folker

    2013-04-01

    Halogenated very short-lived substances (VSLS) are emitted from the oceans by marine species such as macroalgae and phytoplankton and contribute to halogen loading in the troposphere and lower stratosphere. The SHIVA (Stratospheric Ozone: Halogen Impacts in a Varying Atmosphere) project combined ship-borne, aircraft-based and ground-based measurements in and over the South China Sea and the Sulu Sea, and around the coast of Malaysian Borneo. In this paper we present measurements of IO radicals in coastal and open ocean regions made onboard the German research vessel RV Sonne in November 2011 between Singapore and Manila, via the northern coast of Malaysian Borneo (South China Sea) and the Sulu Sea. In situ measurements of IO were made on 12 days by the University of Leeds laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) instrument, with a detection limit of 0.3 pptv for a 30 minute averaging period. The cruise average IO concentration was found to be 1.2 pptv, with a maximum concentration of 2.4 pptv in the middle of the Sulu Sea, an area known for high biological activity. Only a weak diurnal profile was observed, with IO detected above the detection limit on 10 out of the 11 nights when the LIF instrument was operational. Measurements of IO at night in the open ocean have not previously been reported and indicate the presence of gas phase or heterogeneous mechanisms that recycle iodine species without requiring light. There was reasonable agreement for IO concentrations measured by the University of Leeds LIF and the University of Bremen MAX-DOAS instruments, for which a comparison will be presented. I2, ICl and HOI were measured by the University of Mainz using a coupled diffusion denuder system followed by analysis using gas chromatography coupled with ion trap mass spectroscopy, with a detection of 0.17 pptv for 30 mins (I2). The cruise average I2 concentration was found to be 2.0 pptv, with a maximum concentration observed during one night of 12.7 pptv on the northern coast

  5. Exchange of VSLS in the marine boundary layer with the free troposphere during SHIVA-SONNE

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fuhlbrügge, Steffen; Quack, Birgit; Tegtmeier, Susann; Atlas, Elliot; Sala, Stephan; Boenisch, Harald; Hepach, Helmke; Raimund, Stefan; Shi, Qiang; Krüger, Kirstin

    2013-04-01

    Significant contributions from short lived brominated and iodinated compounds to the stratospheric ozone budget are suspected especially from the tropical oceans particularly from coastal regions, where strong VSLS emissions are observed, caused by local biology (phytoplankton and macro algae). Due to the fast uplift of surface air by deep convection in the tropics, the ocean derived substances are expected to be transported to the stratosphere. Results from the SHIVA-SONNE ship campaign in the tropical West Pacific during 15 to 29 November 2011 revealed that the South China and Sulu seas comprise strong source regions of halocarbons for the atmosphere. Especially the bromoform fluxes were very high along the whole cruise and were in agreement with coastal fluxes from previous campaigns. Measurements of low air and high water concentrations of CH3I, CH2Br2, and CHBr3 support the derived air sea fluxes together with the high surface water temperatures and elevated wind speeds. The three airborne VSLS showed correlations and anti-correlations with some meteorological parameters (i.e. wind speed), while the mixing ratios of all compounds generally increased from the South China Sea towards the Sulu Sea region. A comparison of collocated VSLS measurements in the marine atmospheric boundary layer (MABL) between the research vessel SONNE and the aircraft FALCON revealed a good agreement. With a simple box-model we calculated the importance of the compounds sea-air flux related to their MABL-concentrations and lifetimes assuming a mean loss of 20% per day due to transport out of boundary layer into the free troposphere during the campaign. While the CH3I-flux approximately equaled its chemical loss, the fluxes of the brominated compounds were roughly ten times larger than needed to maintain the MABL mixing ratio, suggesting this region to be a very important oceanic source region for the atmosphere. Finally, we will compare the box-model loss from the MABL to the free

  6. Teekond Sansaaras / Karol Ansip

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ansip, Karol

    2001-01-01

    Nukufilm "Eilne vedur" : stsenaristid Kalju Kivi ja Hilli Rand : režissöörid Mikk Rand ja Kalju Kivi : operaator Mikk Rand : helilooja Tõnu Kõrvits : produtsent Arvo Nuut : Nukufilm 2000. Kokkuvõte inglise keeles lk. 96

  7. Deriving an atmospheric budget of total organic bromine using airborne in-situ measurements from the Western Pacific during SHIVA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sala, S.; Bönisch, H.; Keber, T.; Oram, D. E.; Mills, G.; Engel, A.

    2014-02-01

    During the SHIVA (Stratospheric Ozone: Halogen Impacts in a Varying Atmosphere) project an extensive dataset of all halogen species relevant for the atmospheric budget of total organic bromine has been collected in the West Pacific region using the FALCON aircraft operated by the German Aerospace agency DLR (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt) covering a vertical range from the planetary boundary layer up to the ceiling altitude of the aircraft of 13 km. In total, more than 700 measurements were performed with the newly developed fully-automated in-situ instrument GHOST-MS (Gas cHromatograph for the Observation of Tracers - coupled with a Mass Spectrometer) by the Goethe University of Frankfurt (GUF) and with the onboard whole-air sampler WASP with subsequent ground based state-of-the-art GC/MS analysis by the University of East Anglia (UEA). Both instruments yield good agreement for all major (CHBr3 and CH2Br2) and minor (CHBrCl, CHBrCl2 and CHBr2Cl) VSLS (very short-lived substances), at least at the level of their 2 σ measurement uncertainties. In contrast to the suggestion that the Western Pacific could be a major source region for VSLS (Pyle et al., 2011), we found only slightly enhanced mixing ratios of brominated halogen source gases relative to the levels reported in Montzka et al. (2011) for other tropical regions. A budget for total organic bromine, including all four halons,CH3Br and the VSLS, is derived for the upper troposphere, the input region for the TTL and thus also for the stratosphere, compiled from the SHIVA dataset. With exception of the two minor VSLS CHBrCl2 and CHBr2Cl, excellent agreement with the values reported in Montzka et al. (2011) is found, while being slightly higher than previous studies from our group based on balloon-borne measurements.

  8. Plant defense gene promoter enhances the reliability of shiva-1 gene-induced resistance to soft rot disease in potato.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yi, Jung Yoon; Seo, Hyo Won; Yang, Moon Sik; Robb, E Jane; Nazar, Ross N; Lee, Shin Woo

    2004-11-01

    PAL5, a tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) plant defense gene that encodes phenylalanine ammonia-lyase, is known to respond to a variety of environmental stresses including pathogen infection and wounding. A shiva-1 gene recombinant that encodes a small synthetic antibacterial peptide under the PAL5 gene promoter was transformed into potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) and its ability to induce resistance to Erwinia carotovora was compared with a construct under the control of the constitutive and widely used cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV) 35S promoter. The shiva-1 peptide, an analog of natural cecropin B, was shown previously to have high bactericidal activity in vitro, but when expressed in vivo under the control of the CaMV 35S promoter, the effects were very inconsistent. As observed previously, in the present studies a few transformants with the CaMV 35S promoter were highly resistant when assayed for susceptibility to soft rot disease. In marked contrast the majority of transformants with the PAL5 gene promoter were highly resistant. More-detailed analyses of the incorporated DNA indicated that most of the transformants with the CaMV 35S promoter contained multiple copies of the transforming DNA while all of the PAL5 recombinants contained single copies. The highly resistant CaMV 35S recombinant also was present as a single copy. The results indicate that, at least in this instance, a constitutive promoter may not be ideal for the effective expression of a foreign gene and suggest that multiple insertions may have negative consequences.

  9. Deriving an atmospheric budget of total organic bromine using airborne in situ measurements from the western Pacific area during SHIVA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sala, S.; Bönisch, H.; Keber, T.; Oram, D. E.; Mills, G.; Engel, A.

    2014-07-01

    During the recent SHIVA (Stratospheric Ozone: Halogen Impacts in a Varying Atmosphere) project an extensive data set of all halogen species relevant for the atmospheric budget of total organic bromine was collected in the western Pacific region using the Falcon aircraft operated by the German Aerospace agency DLR (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt) covering a vertical range from the planetary boundary layer up to the ceiling altitude of the aircraft of 13 km. In total, more than 700 measurements were performed with the newly developed fully automated in situ instrument GHOST-MS (Gas chromatograph for the Observation of Tracers - coupled with a Mass Spectrometer) by the Goethe University of Frankfurt (GUF) and with the onboard whole-air sampler WASP with subsequent ground-based state-of-the-art GC / MS analysis by the University of East Anglia (UEA). Both instruments yield good agreement for all major (CHBr3 and CH2Br2) and minor (CH2BrCl, CHBrCl2 and CHBr2Cl) VSLS (very short-lived substances), at least at the level of their 2σ measurement uncertainties. In contrast to the suggestion that the western Pacific could be a region of strongly increased atmospheric VSLS abundance (Pyle et al., 2011), we found only in the upper troposphere a slightly enhanced amount of total organic bromine from VSLS relative to the levels reported in Montzka and Reimann et al. (2011) for other tropical regions. From the SHIVA observations in the upper troposphere, a budget for total organic bromine, including four halons (H-1301, H-1211, H-1202, H-2402), CH3Br and the VSLS, is derived for the level of zero radiative heating (LZRH), the input region for the tropical tropopause layer (TTL) and thus also for the stratosphere. With the exception of the two minor VSLS CHBrCl2 and CHBr2Cl, excellent agreement with the values reported in Montzka and Reimann et al. (2011) is found, while being slightly higher than previous studies from our group based on balloon-borne measurements.

  10. Analysis of the Inheritance and Expression of Antibacterial Peptide Gene Shiva A in Transgenic Citrus(Citrus sinensis) during Its Asexual Propagation%抗菌肽Shiva A基因在转基因柑橘无性繁殖后代中的遗传与表达分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许兰珍; 何永睿; 彭爱红; 雷天刚; 刘小丰; 邹修平; 姚利晓; 陈善春

    2013-01-01

    In order to further clarify the genetic stability and the target traits of the foreign gene in the progeny of transgenic citrus,the asexual reproduction plants of transgenic Newhall navel orange(Citrus sinensis Osbeck)containing bivalent antibacterial peptide gene(Shiva A-cecropin B) were studied.In this study,the genetic stability of Shiva A gene in To,T1,T2 and T3 progenies of transgenic citrus varieties were analyzed by PCR,Southern hybridization,Real-time quantitative PCR and greenhouse disease index statistic to Xathomonas axonopodis pv.Citri(Hasse) Dye.The results showed that the antimicrobial peptides Shiva A gene was existed and expressed in To,T1,T2 and T3 plants.This meant target gene could be stably inherited from one generation to another through asexual propagating.There was difference of Shiva A gene copy number between transgenic To and its asexual propagation.Southern bloting analysis showed that To generation had two hybridizations,but its progenies had only one hybridization consistent with To generation.It could be speculated that the T0 generation plant was a transgenic multicellular mixed cytochimera.In addition,Realtime quantitative PCR results showed that,even if Shiva A gene in the To generation genome was double copy numbers,but its expression level was lower than a single copy of the T1,T2 and T3 generation.Therefore,in this study,exogenous gene expression and transgene copy number was a negative correlation.The results of this study provide some basic date and the material for extending the stable phenotype of transgenic citrus strains in carrying out the safety evaluation of transgenic plants.%为进一步明确外源基因在转基因柑橘无性繁殖后代中的遗传稳定性及目标性状表现,本研究以转双价抗菌肽基因(ShivaA-cecropinB)纽荷尔脐橙(Citrus Sinensis Osbeck)无性繁殖后代植株为材料,通过PCR扩增,Southern杂交和实时定量PCR检测,以及温室抗病性评价分析等,对抗菌肽ShivaA基

  11. Die Ökologie der Person – Kantische Motive des Personbegriffs in Karol Wojtyłas “Person und Tat”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zbigniew Waleszczuk

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Apart from many legitimate concerns about ecology, the most important contemporary concern should be of anthropological nature and must address the human as a person (Benedikt XVI. What is man? Are human beings free? What should human beings do? These Kantian questions also describe the main starting points of Karol Wojtyła’s philosophy in “The Acting Person”. With regard to the importance of the question (ecology of man our challenge is divided into three parts. Firstly, man is a person; secondly, his call is to liberty and lastly, responsible love is an emanation of personal dignity. In this manner the three important points in Wojtyła’s philosophy (person, liberty, love are well characterized. The essence of man is his personal dignity as a source for the possibility of free (responsible decisions – “the act”. The experience of morality is included in the experience of being a person. Wojtyła poses the question “how do I understand who I am throughout my acts?” Like Kant, the author emphasizes the importance of free will, conscientiousness as an obligation, which speaks to the conscious person. I determine myself through my own decision (person´s actions. For Wojtyła, participation in love is the basis of all human personal experiences. “Only persons participate in love”. Participation in the character of the other becomes – in the language of Wojtyła – “the choice of the other person in myself”.

  12. Personalism in the Lublin School of Philosophy (Card. Karol Wojtyła, Fr. Mieczysław A. Krąpiec

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomasz Duma

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The article presents the conception of personalism and the understanding of human person developed by two Polish philosophers: Karol Wojtyła and Mieczysław A. Krąpiec, the framers and the main representatives of the Lublin School of Philosophy. The author comes to the following conclusions: (1 Wojtyła’s and Krąpiec’s conception of personalism comes from experience and seeks verification in experience; it does not accept any a priori explanations or theses, though it does not shy away from drawing upon different branches of knowledge in its attempts to broaden experience, being aware that not everything is given to immediate experiential perception; (2 Wojtyła’s and Krąpiec’s personalism wants to draw on the whole philosophical tradition, taking into account, at the same time, the findings of different sciences of man or humanities which broaden the experience of man or contribute something to the interpretation of experience; (3 bringing together genetic empiricism and methodical rationalism, Wojtyła and Krąpiec are able to avoid radicalism in the explanation of man, making a successful attempt to join in a complementary way these aspects of personal human being which carry some opposition; (4 Wojtyła’s and Krąpiec’s conception of person does not bear any traces of antagonism since it is not directed against anyone; in the light of this conception every human person has a character of the honest good which is the unconditional good, that is the highest and the ultimate good not competing with the value of anything else; (5 Wojtyła and Krąpiec prove that the conception of human person lies at the basis of understanding society, culture, ethics, law, politics, economy, art, and even religion.

  13. Personalism in the Lublin School of Philosophy (Card. Karol Wojtyła, Fr. Mieczysław A. Krąpiec

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomasz Duma

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The article presents the conception of personalism and the understanding of human person developed by two Polish philosophers: Karol Wojtyła and Mieczysław A. Krąpiec, the framers and the main representatives of the Lublin School of Philosophy. The author comes to the following conclusions: (1 Wojtyła’s and Krąpiec’s conception of personalism comes from experience and seeks verification in experience; it does not accept any a priori explanations or theses, though it does not shy away from drawing upon different branches of knowledge in its attempts to broaden experience, being aware that not everything is given to immediate experiential perception; (2 Wojtyła’s and Krąpiec’s personalism wants to draw on the whole philosophical tradition, taking into account, at the same time, the findings of different sciences of man or humanities which broaden the experience of man or contribute something to the interpretation of experience; (3 bringing together genetic empiricism and methodical rationalism, Wojtyła and Krąpiec are able to avoid radicalism in the explanation of man, making a successful attempt to join in a complementary way these aspects of personal human being which carry some opposition; (4 Wojtyła’s and Krąpiec’s conception of person does not bear any traces of antagonism since it is not directed against anyone; in the light of this conception every human person has a character of the honest good which is the unconditional good, that is the highest and the ultimate good not competing with the value of anything else; (5 Wojtyła and Krąpiec prove that the conception of human person lies at the basis of understanding society, culture, ethics, law, politics, economy, art, and even religion.

  14. Vandana Shiva: Cosecha robada. El secuestro del suministro mundial de alimentos : Buenos Aires, Paidós, 2003, 166 p.

    OpenAIRE

    Lozano, Juan

    2004-01-01

    Cosecha Robada es un libro que centra su objeto de estudio en algunos aspectos relevantes de la economía de la India; Vandana Shiva plantea cómo, a través de los nuevos modos de producción, se están robando recursos naturales en pos del libre mercado y el comercio internacional que, curiosa, y no casualmente, está en manos de muy pocas compañías. Analiza los ámbitos productivos y las estrategias utilizadas que dan como resultado impresionantes devastaciones y generan efectos negativos que imp...

  15. Modelling the chemistry and transport of bromoform within a sea breeze driven convective system during the SHIVA Campaign

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. D. Hamer

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available We carry out a case study of the transport and chemistry of bromoform and its product gases (PGs in a sea breeze driven convective episode on 19 November 2011 along the North West coast of Borneo during the "Stratospheric ozone: Halogen Impacts in a Varying Atmosphere" (SHIVA campaign. We use ground based, ship, aircraft and balloon sonde observations made during the campaign, and a 3-D regional online transport and chemistry model capable of resolving clouds and convection explicitly that includes detailed bromine chemistry. The model simulates the temperature, wind speed, wind direction fairly well for the most part, and adequately captures the convection location, timing, and intensity. The simulated transport of bromoform from the boundary layer up to 12 km compares well to aircraft observations to support our conclusions. The model makes several predictions regarding bromine transport from the boundary layer to the level of convective detrainment (11 to 12 km. First, the majority of bromine undergoes this transport as bromoform. Second, insoluble organic bromine carbonyl species are transported to between 11 and 12 km, but only form a small proportion of the transported bromine. Third, soluble bromine species, which include bromine organic peroxides, hydrobromic acid (HBr, and hypobromous acid (HOBr, are washed out efficiently within the core of the convective column. Fourth, insoluble inorganic bromine species (principally Br2 are not washed out of the convective column, but are also not transported to the altitude of detrainment in large quantities. We expect that Br2 will make a larger relative contribution to the total vertical transport of bromine atoms in scenarios with higher CHBr3 mixing ratios in the boundary layer, which have been observed in other regions. Finally, given the highly detailed description of the chemistry, transport and washout of bromine compounds within our simulations, we make a series of recommendations about

  16. A new state-of-the-art tool to investigate rock friction under extreme slip velocities and accelerations: SHIVA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niemeijer, André; di Toro, Giulio; Nielsen, Stefan; Scarlato, Piergiorgio; Romeo, Gianni; di Stefano, Giuseppe; Smith, Steven; di Felice, Fabio; Mariano, Sofia

    2010-05-01

    Despite considerable effort over the past several decades, the mechanics of earthquakes rupture remain largely unknown. In order to complement fault drilling projects and field and seismological observations, recent friction experiments strive to reproduce as closely as possible in-situ (natural) conditions of slip velocity and acceleration on intact and fault rocks. In this contribution, we present a novel state-of-the-art experimental rotary shear apparatus (SHIVA or Slow to HIgh Velocity Apparatus) capable of shearing samples at sliding velocities up to 10 m/s, accelerations of ~ 40 m/s2 and normal stresses up to 50 MPa. In comparison with existing high speed friction machines, this apparatus extends the range of sliding velocities, normal stresses, sample size and, more importantly, accelerations. The apparatus consists of a pair of brushless electric motors (a low velocity motor, 10-6-10-3 m/s, power 5 kW, and a high velocity motor, 10-3 - 10 m/s, power 270 kW), that are connected by a gear system that allows a switch between motors without loss of velocity and force. The motors drive a rotary shaft which clamps ring-shaped samples (diameter 40- 50 mm). On the other side of the rotary shaft, a stationary shaft holds the other half of the sample assembly. The shaft is held stationary by a pair of stainless steel arms, one of which is attached to the side of the concrete-filled base where torque is measured by a tension cell. Axial force (maximum 37 kN) is applied on this side by a piston-cylinder couple with an arm to increase the force. The entire machine measures by 3.5 by 1.2 meters and weighs 3700 kg. We aim to perform experiments on rock samples of a variety of compositions using slip velocities and accelerations that simulate slip velocity functions that occur during earthquakes. In addition, we plan to develop a pore fluid system and a pressure vessel in order to perform experiments that include the physical-chemical processes that occur during slow

  17. Modelling the chemistry and transport of bromoform within a sea breeze driven convective system during the SHIVA Campaign

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamer, P. D.; Marécal, V.; Hossaini, R.; Pirre, M.; Warwick, N.; Chipperfield, M.; Samah, A. A.; Harris, N.; Robinson, A.; Quack, B.; Engel, A.; Krüger, K.; Atlas, E.; Subramaniam, K.; Oram, D.; Leedham, E.; Mills, G.; Pfeilsticker, K.; Sala, S.; Keber, T.; Bönisch, H.; Peng, L. K.; Nadzir, M. S. M.; Lim, P. T.; Mujahid, A.; Anton, A.; Schlager, H.; Catoire, V.; Krysztofiak, G.; Fühlbrügge, S.; Dorf, M.; Sturges, W. T.

    2013-08-01

    We carry out a case study of the transport and chemistry of bromoform and its product gases (PGs) in a sea breeze driven convective episode on 19 November 2011 along the North West coast of Borneo during the "Stratospheric ozone: Halogen Impacts in a Varying Atmosphere" (SHIVA) campaign. We use ground based, ship, aircraft and balloon sonde observations made during the campaign, and a 3-D regional online transport and chemistry model capable of resolving clouds and convection explicitly that includes detailed bromine chemistry. The model simulates the temperature, wind speed, wind direction fairly well for the most part, and adequately captures the convection location, timing, and intensity. The simulated transport of bromoform from the boundary layer up to 12 km compares well to aircraft observations to support our conclusions. The model makes several predictions regarding bromine transport from the boundary layer to the level of convective detrainment (11 to 12 km). First, the majority of bromine undergoes this transport as bromoform. Second, insoluble organic bromine carbonyl species are transported to between 11 and 12 km, but only form a small proportion of the transported bromine. Third, soluble bromine species, which include bromine organic peroxides, hydrobromic acid (HBr), and hypobromous acid (HOBr), are washed out efficiently within the core of the convective column. Fourth, insoluble inorganic bromine species (principally Br2) are not washed out of the convective column, but are also not transported to the altitude of detrainment in large quantities. We expect that Br2 will make a larger relative contribution to the total vertical transport of bromine atoms in scenarios with higher CHBr3 mixing ratios in the boundary layer, which have been observed in other regions. Finally, given the highly detailed description of the chemistry, transport and washout of bromine compounds within our simulations, we make a series of recommendations about the physical and

  18. Mahaviisitamm.com / Karol Kallas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kallas, Karol, 1972-

    2007-01-01

    Autori sõnul peaksid Pärnu linnajuhid Mart Viisitamm ja Margus Tammekivi avalikustama oma seisukohad erakonna esimehe suhtes, kes on esinenud Eesti riigi ja rahva väärikust teotavate sõnavõttudega, rääkimata valitsusevastasest tegevusest

  19. Mahaviisitamm.com / Karol Kallas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kallas, Karol, 1972-

    2007-01-01

    Autori sõnul peaksid Pärnu linnajuhid Mart Viisitamm ja Margus Tammekivi avalikustama oma seisukohad erakonna esimehe suhtes, kes on esinenud Eesti riigi ja rahva väärikust teotavate sõnavõttudega, rääkimata valitsusevastasest tegevusest

  20. Deriving an atmospheric budget of total organic bromine using airborne in-situ measurements of brominated hydrocarbons in the Western Pacific during SHIVA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sala, Stephan; Bönisch, Harald; Keber, Timo; Oram, Dave; Mills, Graham; Engel, Andreas

    2014-05-01

    Halogenated hydrocarbons play a major role as precursors for stratospheric ozone depletion. Released from the surface in the troposphere, the halocarbons reach the stratosphere via transport through the tropical tropopause layer. The contribution of the so called very short lived species (VSLS), having atmospheric lifetimes of less than half a year as sources gases for stratospheric bromine is significant. Source gas observations of long-lived bromine compounds and VSLS have so far not been able to explain the amount of bromine derived in the stratosphere from observations of BrO and modeling of the ratio of BrO to total bromine. Due to the short lifetimes and the high atmospheric variability, the representativeness of the available observations of VSLS source gases remains unclear, as these may vary with region and display seasonal variability. During the SHIVA (Stratospheric Ozone: Halogen Impacts in a Varying Atmosphere) project an extensive dataset with over 700 samples of ambient air of all halogen species relevant for the atmospheric budget of total organic bromine (long lived halocarbons: H-1301, H-1211, H-1202, H-2402 and CH3Br, very short lived substances: CHBr3, CH2Br2, CHBr2Cl, CHBrCl2 and CHBrCl) have been collected from onboard the FALCON aircraft in the West Pacific region. Measurements were performed with the newly developed fully-automated in-situ instrument GHOST-MS (Gas chromatograph for the Observation of Tracers - coupled with a Mass Spectrometer) by the Goethe University of Frankfurt and with the onboard whole-air sampler WASP with subsequent ground based state-of-the-art GC/MS analysis by the University of East Anglia. We will present the datasets, compare these to other observation, derive a bromine budget for the West Pacific and derive an estimate of the amount of bromine from VSLS reaching the stratosphere. Using the mean mixing ratios in the upper troposphere of the halocarbons mentioned above, the calculated budget of the total organic

  1. [Feliks Karol Koneczny - academic career path].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biliński, Piotr

    2005-01-01

    Feliks Koneczny's ideas in history and philosophy of history are well-known in today's world. Since the 1990s many researchers have devoted their interests and studies to that very matter. They have written a lot about the issue. Yet there hasn't been even one thorough biography of that outstanding scholar based on an in-depth archival query. It was the author's research conducted in national and foreign archives, that finally provided the answer to the hitherto unexplained, mysteries concerning Feliks Koneczny. Feliks Koneczny (1862-1949) graduated from the Faculty of Philosophy at the Jagiellonian University in Cracow and began work as an office senior lecturer at the Academy of Arts and Sciences; since 1897, he worked at the Jagiellonian Library. After Poland regained its independence, he became an assistant professor in 1919. In June 1920, after he had qualified received the degree of doctor habilitatus, he became a professor of the Stefan Batory University in Vilnius. After having retired in 1929, he came back to Cracow. His interests moved from purely historical research to the philosophy of history, religion and philosophy. During the Second World War his two sons were killed by the Nazis, and part of his house was occupied by German co-tenants. His pioneering works dealing with the history of Russia. As well as his theory the evolution of civilizations are among his greatest achievements. Foreign researchers and scholars, among them Anton Hilckman, Arnold Toynbee and Samuel Huntington widely draw upon Feliks Koneczny's works and achievements. In 1948, after sixty years of research work Koneczny calculated that his written scholarly output encompassed 26 volumes, each of them being 300 to 400 pages long, not to mention more than 300 articles, brochures and reprints. Although a lot of Polish scholars can boast of having completed more works than he had not many Polish historians can prode themselves on such an enormous scape of research, which included anthropology, sociology, philosophy, theology, ethnology, psychology, economics, history and law. This list, impressive as it may be, fails to do justice to the moral and personal dimension of his work. This loner by choice was the creator of Polish philosophy of history, a major Catholic thinker, a university professor and humanist in the most significant sense of the word.

  2. Against Alienation: Karol Wojtyla's Theory of Participation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dean Edward A. Mejos

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Man's thought is greatly affected by his experiences in life. A person is a subject who lives alongside different objects (some of these objects are also subjects like him and he grows and develops as he interacts with these objects that are around him. Man's fulfillment is something which requires an active interaction with the world because it is through his interaction with the world that he is called upon to perform specific actions which inevitably form him as a person.

  3. Kivisildnik lavastab audiovisuaalse ooper / Karol Kallas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kallas, Karol, 1972-

    2007-01-01

    Pärnu mudaravilas valmistutakse Sven Kivisildniku audiovisuaalseks ooperietenduseks "Topeltwagner Juustuga", mille teostab lavastuse meeskond REPOO ENSEMBLE (Kivisildnik, Andrus ja Kai Kallastu, Indrek ja Leonora Palu, Rein Laos)

  4. Indian gift unveiled at CERN: the statue of the Indian deity Shiva was unveiled by His Excellency K M Chandrasekhar, ambassador (WTO Geneva), shown above signing the visitors' book, Anil Kakodkar, chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission and secretary of the Indian Department of Energy, and CERN's director-general, Robert Aymar.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2004-01-01

    On 18 June CERN unveiled an unusual new landmark - a statue of the Indian deity Shiva. The statue is a gift from CERN's Indian collaborators to celebrate CERN's long association with India, which began in the 1960s. The statue was made in India in the traditional style. The original sculpture was a wax model, around which a soil mould was made. Melting the wax left a hollow into which liquid metal was poured, and once cooled the mould was split and the statue polished and given its antique finish.

  5. Shiva++: An Enhanced Graph based Ontology Matcher

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mathur, Iti; Joshi, Nisheeth; Darbari, Hemant; Kumar, Ajai

    2014-04-01

    With the web getting bigger and assimilating knowledge about different concepts and domains, it is becoming very difficult for simple database driven applications to capture the data for a domain. Thus developers have come out with ontology based systems which can store large amount of information and can apply reasoning and produce timely information. Thus facilitating effective knowledge management. Though this approach has made our lives easier, but at the same time has given rise to another problem. Two different ontologies assimilating same knowledge tend to use different terms for the same concepts. This creates confusion among knowledge engineers and workers, as they do not know which is a better term then the other. Thus we need to merge ontologies working on same domain so that the engineers can develop a better application over it. This paper shows the development of one such matcher which merges the concepts available in two ontologies at two levels; 1) at string level and 2) at semantic level; thus producing better merged ontologies. We have used a graph matching technique which works at the core of the system. We have also evaluated the system and have tested its performance with its predecessor which works only on string matching. Thus current approach produces better results.

  6. Neljanda seisuse võlu ja valu / Karol Kallas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kallas, Karol, 1972-

    2007-01-01

    Autor peab Pärnu linnavalitsuse töö tulemuslikkust küsitavaks, leides, et linn vajab mehhanismi, mille abil antaks võimalus osalusdemokraatiale. Samas peab ta vajalikuks läbi viia linnaelanike arvamusküsitluse teemal, kas Mart Viisitamm sobib linnapeaks?

  7. Mudaravilas etendub täna muusikalavastus / Karol Kallas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kallas, Karol, 1972-

    2007-01-01

    Pärnu mudaravilas esietendub täna Sven Kivisildniku audiovisuaalne ooperietendus "Topeltwagner juustuga", teostajaks lavastuse meeskond Repoo Ensemble (Kivisildnik, Andrus ja Kai Kallastu, Indrek ja Leonora Palu, Rein Laos). S. Kivisildniku selgitavaid kommentaare

  8. 反击“毁灭麻木症”:勒克莱齐奥、洛佩兹和席娃作品中的信息与悲情%Countering “the Anesthesia of Destruction”:Information and Pathos in the Work of J. M. G. Le Clézio, Barry Lopez and Vandana Shiva

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    斯科特·斯洛维克; 柯英(译)

    2015-01-01

    This article studies a type of numbness, a dulling of sensitivity, that occurs when the human mind receives particular kinds of information concerning accidents, tragic events or large-scale calamities. It particular-ly explores the causes and the social and environmental results of this numbness. The latter has been called “the anesthesia of destruction” by Indian social and environmental activist Vandana Shiva, referring to the human ten-dency to turn off our feelings and become anesthetized by information about destruction. The research into this re-action, or lack of reaction, matters a great deal since how the information about these issues is presented to us, whether we’re talking about human suffering or what is happening in the natural world, has everything to do with how we think and act in the world. The article uses Shiva’s descriptor of the feeling of indifference and numbness,“the anesthesia of destruction,”to examine stories in The Round and Other Cold Hard Facts by J.M.G. Le Cle zio’s and Light Action in the Caribbean: Stories by Barry Lopez. These are literary examples from authors deeplyinvolved in the effort to use fiction as a way of making readers think more seriously about social responsibility and the psychology of engagement.%本文主要研究一种麻木症,即感觉的迟钝性,它产生于人脑接收关于事故、悲剧事件或者大灾大难的信息的时刻,并探究其社会和环境成因。印度社会与环境活动家范达娜·席娃称其为“毁灭麻木症”,意指人类在面对毁灭的信息时有停止感受的倾向,从而变得麻木不仁。研究这种反应,或者说研究这种没有反应的反应事关重大,因为无论我们讨论的是人类的痛苦还是自然界发生的事情,如何向我们传达毁灭信息,与我们在这个世界上如何思考和行动是息息相关的。本文以席娃的“毁灭麻木症”为理论依据,具体分析了勒克莱齐奥的《

  9. The Dance of Shiva and the Linguistics of Relativity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edge, Julian

    1993-01-01

    One possible criticism of formal syntactic theory is that it is based on a philosophy and a set of metaphors that appear superseded even in the physical sciences where they were developed. Borrowing again from the physical sciences, this paper argues for linguistic theory with a philosophical basis in interrelatedness. (39 references) (Author/VWL)

  10. Shiva: A Framework for Graph based Ontology Matching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mathur, Iti; Joshi, Nisheeth; Darbari, Hemant; Kumar, Ajai

    2014-03-01

    Since long, corporations are looking for knowledge sources which can provide structured description of data and can focus on meaning and shared understanding. Structures which can facilitate open world assumptions and can be flexible enough to incorporate and recognize more than one name for an entity. A source whose major purpose is to facilitate human communication and interoperability. Clearly, databases fail to provide these features and ontologies have emerged as an alternative choice, but corporations working on same domain tend to make different ontologies. The problem occurs when they want to share their data/knowledge. Thus we need tools to merge ontologies into one. This task is termed as ontology matching. This is an emerging area and still we have to go a long way in having an ideal matcher which can produce good results. In this paper we have shown a framework to matching ontologies using graphs.

  11. Kas ajalehtede lõpp on käes? / Karol Jakubowicz

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jakubowicz, Karol

    2009-01-01

    Uutest ilmingutest meedias: meedia ühtne elektrooniline kättesaadavus, sisu tootmine väljastpool professionaalseid meediaorganisatsioone, uute vahendajate meediasarnased tegevused (otsimootorid, Interneti-teenuse pakkujad jt.)

  12. IT-agentuur : Euroopa Liidu suurim infotehnoloogiline väljakutse ? / Karol Kallas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kallas, Karol, 1972-

    2011-01-01

    Euroopa Liidu IT-agentuuri Eestisse tuleku positiivsetest kaasmõjudest. Agentuuri põhiülesandeks on andmebaaside SIS (Schengen Information System), VIS (viisainfosüsteem) ja Eurodac (Euroopa Liidu asüülitaotlejate ja illegaalsete immigrantide sõrmejälgede andmebaas) haldamine

  13. IT-agentuur : Euroopa Liidu suurim infotehnoloogiline väljakutse ? / Karol Kallas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kallas, Karol, 1972-

    2011-01-01

    Euroopa Liidu IT-agentuuri Eestisse tuleku positiivsetest kaasmõjudest. Agentuuri põhiülesandeks on andmebaaside SIS (Schengen Information System), VIS (viisainfosüsteem) ja Eurodac (Euroopa Liidu asüülitaotlejate ja illegaalsete immigrantide sõrmejälgede andmebaas) haldamine

  14. Muusikud on koolitatud palgamõrvareiks / Kai Kallastu ; interv. Karol Kallas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kallastu, Kai, 1970-

    2007-01-01

    Lauljanna oma eelseisvast esietendusest : Pärnu mudaravilas esietendub täna Sven Kivisildniku audiovisuaalne ooperietendus "Topeltwagner juustuga", teostajaks lavastuse meeskond REPOO ENSEMBLE (Kivisildnik, Andrus ja Kai Kallastu, Indrek ja Leonora Palu, Rein Laos)

  15. Elavas teatris on iga näitleja kunstnik / Philip Brehse ; interv. Karol Kallas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Brehse, Philip

    2007-01-01

    Endine New Yorgi eksperimentaalse teatritrupi Living Theatre liige selle teatri põhimõtetest. Praegu on P. Brehse Pärnus külas Non Gratal, kelle partnerorganisatsiooni Open Space Performunion liige ta on

  16. Elavas teatris on iga näitleja kunstnik / Philip Brehse ; interv. Karol Kallas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Brehse, Philip

    2007-01-01

    Endine New Yorgi eksperimentaalse teatritrupi Living Theatre liige selle teatri põhimõtetest. Praegu on P. Brehse Pärnus külas Non Gratal, kelle partnerorganisatsiooni Open Space Performunion liige ta on

  17. Masculinidad y feminidad en el pensamiento de Karol Wojtyla. Presupuestos antropológicos

    OpenAIRE

    Bañares, J.I. (Juan Ignacio)

    1987-01-01

    1. El hombre se encuentra con la realidad en la experiencia de su propia acción. A su vez, el análisis de tal experiencia y de su relación con la propia acción revela una singularidad específica: la acción del hombre es la acción de un ser perso-. nal, y exige una estructura óntica adecuada. 2. La experiencia del hombre muestra asímismo cómo éste es sujeto determinante de su obrar y de la dirección de su obrar. E igualmente muestra cómo tal relación del sujeto como ori...

  18. Ühe sümptomi kirjeldus - Sillamäe Jeanne D'Arc / Karol Ansip

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ansip, Karol

    2003-01-01

    Dokumentaalfilm Sillamäe pensionäride ühenduse aktivisti Esja Shuri võitlusest oma õiguste eest "Meeleavaldaja" : stsenarist, režissöör ja produtsent Meelis Muhu : operaator Erik Norkroos : In Ruum 2003. Lisatud andmed M. Muhu senise loomingu kohta lk. 112

  19. Ühe sümptomi kirjeldus - Sillamäe Jeanne D'Arc / Karol Ansip

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ansip, Karol

    2003-01-01

    Dokumentaalfilm Sillamäe pensionäride ühenduse aktivisti Esja Shuri võitlusest oma õiguste eest "Meeleavaldaja" : stsenarist, režissöör ja produtsent Meelis Muhu : operaator Erik Norkroos : In Ruum 2003. Lisatud andmed M. Muhu senise loomingu kohta lk. 112

  20. Small Particles in Fluid Concepts and Objectives: Designing and Experiment for Microgravity (SHIVA)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Witherow, W.; Trolinger, J. D.; Smith, D. D.; Sibille, L.; Curreri, Peter A. (Technical Monitor)

    2002-01-01

    This clearance is for a poster presentation on the Spaceflight Holographic Investigation in a Virtual Apparatus made at the Microgravity Science Materials Conference at the Von Braun Center in Huntsville, Alabama June 25 - 26.

  1. Spin Dynamics of Kelvin's Pebbles, Jellett's Eggs, and Shiva's Lingam Stones

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brecher, Kenneth

    2015-04-01

    Study of the problem of the rise of the center of mass (COM) of spinning objects is said to have begun in the late nineteenth century. These early mathematical treatments aimed to explain the motion of the newly invented and patented ``tippe top.'' This semi-spheroidal top will invert when spun on a smooth surface while raising its COM. Because of the importance of friction in their dynamics, such non-holonomic systems are not readily amenable to analytic treatment, or of intuitive understanding. In notes written in 1844 - before the invention of the tippe top - Lord Kelvin (William Thomson) discussed the problem of the rising COM of spinning objects. He experimented with both oblate and prolate ellipsoidal pebbles, but did not publish a complete theoretical treatment of the problem. J. H. Jellett, in his 1872 book ``Theory of Friction,'' provided a partial account of the related problem of the rise of the COM for an egg-shaped (ovoid) object, making use of a new (adiabatic) invariant of the motion that he devised. Naturally occurring prolate ellipsoidal ``Lingam stones'' from the Narmada River in India exhibit similar counter-intuitive dynamical behavior. When spun around its minor axis in a horizontal plane, a Lingam stone will stand erect and spin around its major axis in a vertical position. This presentation will explore the history and some of the experimental facts and theoretical ideas about the rotational dynamics of such physical objects.

  2. Darsan (to See Lord Shiva in Varanasi. Visual Processes and the Representation of God by Seven Ricksha-Drivers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Owe Wikström

    1996-01-01

    Full Text Available In spite of its effort to be transculturally relevant, the psychology of religion is quite ethno- or rather Western-centric. This becomes very clear when one tries to "translate" Indian folk religiosity into concepts taken from mainline theories; i.e. social, cognitive or psychoanalytical psychology of religion. Not only do the norms and values differ, but the very ontological assumptions underlying the categories in which the researcher understand differs fundamentally from the internal Hindu anthropological and epistemiological apriori. For example, their words of the psyche include contextuality, from time to space, to ethics to groups. The subtle interrelatedness of the divine, spiritual and the mundane is obvious It includes the flows and exchanges of substances within and between persons with minimal outer boundaries. The author discusses the role of the visual and behavioural dimensions of the Indian religiosity.

  3. Cardiovascular risk in young apparently healthy descendents from Asian Indian migrants in the Netherlands: the SHIVA study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liem, S S; Oemrawsingh, P V; Cannegieter, S C; Le Cessie, S; Schreur, J; Rosendaal, F R; Schalij, M J

    2009-04-01

    BACKGROUND.: Asian Indian migrants in the Western world are highly susceptible for ischaemic heart disease (IHD). Until now, most IHD risk studies were performed in first and second generation Asian Indian expatriates. For optimal prevention, knowledge of the cardiovascular risk profile of younger generations is crucial. METHOD.: In a cross-sectional study we assessed the prevalence of conventional IHD risk factors and Framingham risk score in asymptomatic third to seventh generation Asian Indian descendants, compared with Europeans. Subjects were classified as asymptomatic if they did not have documented IHD, diabetes, hypertension or high cholesterol. RESULTS.: A total of 1790 Asian Indians (45% men, age 35.9+/-10.7 years) and 370 native Dutch hospital employees (23% men, age 40.8+/-10.1 years) were recruited. Asian Indians had higher levels of total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein, triglycerides, and lower high-density lipoprotein levels than the Dutch. Glucose intolerance was present in 7.1 vs. 0.5% men, and in 6.1 vs. 1.4% women (both p<0.001). Asian Indian women were more frequently obese (12 vs. 5%; p<0.001), and centrally obese (44 vs. 25%; p<0.001) as compared with the Dutch women. Prevalence of most of the conventional and modifiable cardiovascular risk factors in each ten-year age group was higher in Asian Indians compared with controls, which reflected in higher Framingham risk scores. CONCLUSION.: This study demonstrates the persistence of an unfavourable cardiovascular risk profile in young, third to seventh generation migrated Asian Indians and supports an aggressive screening and intervention strategy. (Neth Heart J 2009;17:155-61.).

  4. Jammin' with Shiva: Tradition and Transformation of the Dance in India. Fulbright-Hays Summer Seminars Abroad, 1997 (India).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bergeron, Ann A.

    This paper is a basic resource that may be used as an outline for a curricular unit which is intended to be a comprehensive introduction to the Dance of India. Interwoven with the factual, historical, and descriptive material are observations, perceptions, and connections based on the author's experience in the Fulbright seminar in India. The…

  5. Role of chloroplasts and other plastids in ageing and death of plants and animals: a tale of Vishnu and Shiva.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Doorn, Wouter G; Yoshimoto, Kohki

    2010-04-01

    Chloroplasts (chlorophyll-containing plastids) and other plastids are found in all plants and many animals. They are crucial to the survival of plants and most of the animals that harbour them. An example of a non-photosynthesizing plastid in animals is the apicoplast in the malaria-causing Plasmodium species, which is required for survival of the parasite. Many animals (such as sea slugs, sponges, reef corals, and clams) consume prey containing chloroplasts, or feed on algae. Some of these incorporate the chloroplasts from their food, or whole algal cells, into their own cells. Other species from these groups place algal cells between their own cells. Reef-building corals often lose their intracellular algae as a result of environmental changes, resulting in coral bleaching and death. The sensitivity of the chloroplast internal membranes to temperature stress is one of the reasons for coral death. Chloroplasts can also be a causal factor in the processes leading to whole-plant death, as the knockout of a gene encoding a chloroplast protein delayed the yellowing that proceeds death in tobacco plants. It is concluded that chloroplasts and other plastids are essential to individual survival in many species, including animals, and that they also play a role in triggering death in some plant and animal species.

  6. “Hare Krishna vs. Shiva Shiva”: Swami Agehananda Bharati, Drugs, and the Mystical State in Hindusim

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helton Christopher Jason

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper will form an overview of Swami Agehananda Bharati’s views about drugs as a catalyst for achieving the mystical state (in both a Hindu and general context, as well as his observations of the perception of drugs throughout the Hindu community, inside and outside South Asia. It will demonstrate that Bharati considered drugs a valid means toward achieving the mystical state, both as a scholar of Hinduism and as a practicing sannyasin.

  7. From field geology to earthquake simulation: A new state-of-The-art tool to investigate rock friction during the seismic cycle (SHIVA)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Di Toro, G.; Niemeijer, A.; Tripoli, A.; Nielsen, S.; Di Felice, F.; Scarlato, P.G.; Spada, G.; Romeo, G.; Di Stefano, G.; Smith, S.; Mariano, S.

    2009-01-01

    Despite considerable effort over the past several decades, the mechanics of earthquake rupture remains largely unknown. Moderate- to large-magnitude earthquakes nucleate at 7–15 km depth and most information is retrieved from seismology, but information related to the physico-chemical processes

  8. From field geology to earthquake simulation: A new state-of-The-art tool to investigate rock friction during the seismic cycle (SHIVA)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    di Toro, Giulio; Niemeijer, André; Tripoli, Antonino; Nielsen, Stefan; Di Felice, Fabio; Scarlato, Piergiorgio; Spada, Giuseppe; Allesandroni, Roberto; Romeo, Giovanni; di Stefano, Giuseppe; Smith, Steven; Spagnuolo, Elena; Mariano, Sofia

    2010-01-01

    Despite considerable effort over the past several decades, the mechanics of earthquake rupture remains largely unknown. Moderate- to large-magnitude earthquakes nucleate at 7–15 km depth and most information is retrieved from seismology, but information related to the physico-chemical processes

  9. From field geology to earthquake simulation: A new state-of-The-art tool to investigate rock friction during the seismic cycle (SHIVA)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    di Toro, Giulio; Niemeijer, André; Tripoli, Antonino; Nielsen, Stefan; Di Felice, Fabio; Scarlato, Piergiorgio; Spada, Giuseppe; Allesandroni, Roberto; Romeo, Giovanni; di Stefano, Giuseppe; Smith, Steven; Spagnuolo, Elena; Mariano, Sofia

    2010-01-01

    Despite considerable effort over the past several decades, the mechanics of earthquake rupture remains largely unknown. Moderate- to large-magnitude earthquakes nucleate at 7–15 km depth and most information is retrieved from seismology, but information related to the physico-chemical processes acti

  10. From field geology to earthquake simulation: A new state-of-The-art tool to investigate rock friction during the seismic cycle (SHIVA)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Di Toro, G.; Niemeijer, A.; Tripoli, A.; Nielsen, S.; Di Felice, F.; Scarlato, P.G.; Spada, G.; Romeo, G.; Di Stefano, G.; Smith, S.; Mariano, S.

    2009-01-01

    Despite considerable effort over the past several decades, the mechanics of earthquake rupture remains largely unknown. Moderate- to large-magnitude earthquakes nucleate at 7–15 km depth and most information is retrieved from seismology, but information related to the physico-chemical processes acti

  11. Mark Soosaar : Pärnus toimuv Eesti filmifestival tahab kaasa rääkida poliitilistes protsessides, mis viivad maailma suuremale mõistmisele ja sallivusele / Mark Soosaar ; interv. Karin Klaus, Karol Kallas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soosaar, Mark, 1946-

    2007-01-01

    XXI Rahvusvaheline Pärnu filmifestivalist. Varasematest festivalidest. Selle festivali üritustest, filmidest : tähelepanuväärsed on Aleksei Nekrassovi film Aleksander Litvinenkost "Minu sõber Sasha. Mõrv vene moodi" ja Marianna Jarovskaja, Olesja Bondareva film vene vaimulikest "Püha sõda". Lisatud M. Soosaare loomingulise tegevuse lühikokkuvõte

  12. Nanoscale Engineering of Multiferroic Hybrid Composites for Micro- and Nano-scale Devices

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-14

    electric signal stimulation of living cells", Leszek Malkinski and Armin Kargol (Loyola University) (2010). Presentations: 2009-2012 1) Shiva Adireddy...MRS Spring Meeting, April 5-9, 2010, San Francisco, CA. 6) Gabriel Caruntu, Amin Yourdkhani, Armando K. Perez, Shiva Adireddy "Soft Solution...2010. 12) Gabriel Caruntu, Amin Yourdkhani, Armando K. Perez, Shiva Adireddy "Soft Solution Processing of Ferroelectric Nanostructures and Their

  13. FRC Lifetime Studies for the Field Reversed Configuration Heating Experiment (FRCHX)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-01

    the other and that are marxed when discharged (a re-configured Shiva Star bank module). The Main bank current is crowbarred when its peak current...diffusion time would be required. The Shiva Star high-energy capacitor bank is a seventh bank for FRCHX when compression heating tests are performed...The Shiva bank is comprised of thirty six 36- F bank modules, and the bank delivers 11 ~ 12 MA of current to drive the liner implosion around the

  14. Combining Security Assurance and High Performance in Hostile Environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-01

    security assurance. The French national project “ SHIVA ” aims at developing a new security architecture providing mul- tiple services and such...Architecture ( SHIVA ) is currently being developed as part of this project, with consortium partners from industry, security and academic fields. This paper...security measures from various fields to develop a new security architecture. 1 DEVELOPING A NEW SECURITY ARCHITECTURE WITH SHIVA The challenges to overcome

  15. A Game Theoretic Model Of Strategic Conflict In Cyberspace

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    by Shiva , Dasgupta, and Wu (2010). They develop a taxonomy of game theoretic models with two broad categories:  Static versus Dynamic. A “one shot...to date on cyber conflict deals only with noncooperative games. In the taxonomy of Shiva et al. (2010) our proposed model is a noncooperative, dynamic...approach for cyber situational awareness. SPIE’s Defense and Security Symposium, Orlando, FL. Shiva , S., Dasgupta, D., & Wu, O. (2010). Game theoretic

  16. Veider nelik jätkab!

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Arvutiga animeeritud USA koguperefilmist "Madagaskar 2" (lavastanud Tim McGrath ja Eric Darnell, eesti keeles loevad teksti Karol Kuntsel, Andero Ermel, Evelin Pang, Argo Aadli, Mait Malmsten, Raivo E. Tamm, Andrus Vaarik, Anne Reemann jt)

  17. Postimehe žürii hindab võistlusfilme

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Toimetuse žürii koosseisus Peeter Simm, Karol Ansip, Sakarias Lepik, Jevgenia Tirdatova ja Kris Taska hindab PÖFFil näidatavaid filme. Seekord kommenteerivad oma hinnanguid Peeter Simm ja Jevgenia Tirdatova

  18. Juhmuse ja julmuse vahel / Pille-Riin Purje

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Purje, Pille-Riin, 1963-

    1997-01-01

    'Inimpüünis' (koosneb kahest lühinäidendist, Slawomir Mrozheki 'Karol', lavastanud Andres Kask ja Minoru Betsuyaku 'Väljakäik', lavastanud Janek Sarapson) - TPÜ diplomandide lavaprojekt Assauwe tornis

  19. Südames on armastuse kodu / Lembit Peterson, Marius Peterson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Peterson, Lembit, 1953-

    2006-01-01

    Theatrumis tuleb lavale Karol Wojtyla (Paavst Johannes Paulus II) kirjutatud näidend "Juveliiri poe ees". Lavastuses osaleb pea kogu perekond Petersonid. Laura, Marius, Mare, Maria ja Lembit Peterson endast ja peresidemetest

  20. Veider nelik jätkab!

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Arvutiga animeeritud USA koguperefilmist "Madagaskar 2" (lavastanud Tim McGrath ja Eric Darnell, eesti keeles loevad teksti Karol Kuntsel, Andero Ermel, Evelin Pang, Argo Aadli, Mait Malmsten, Raivo E. Tamm, Andrus Vaarik, Anne Reemann jt)

  1. Salt Lake City's peeti IUFRO maailmakongressi / Hardi Tullus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tullus, Hardi, 1956-

    2014-01-01

    Kongress toimus 6.-11. oktoobrini 2014. Eestit esindasid viis metsateadlast: Hardi Tullus, Tea Tullus ja Reimo Lutter maaülikoolist, Tartu Ülikooli vanemteadur Arvo Tullus ning keskkonnaagentuuri metsaseire osakonnajuhataja Kalle Karoles

  2. Tom ja Anni ajavad isad-emad naerma / Kai Väärtnõu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Väärtnõu, Kai

    2007-01-01

    ETV lastesaate "Saame kokku Tomi juures" stsenarist on Jaak Urmet ehk Wimberg. Teksti improviseerivad ka näitlejad Karol Kuntsel ja Maria Soomets. Lisaks tutvustus "Pööningule purjetab proua Õietolmutuust"

  3. Salt Lake City's peeti IUFRO maailmakongressi / Hardi Tullus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tullus, Hardi, 1956-

    2014-01-01

    Kongress toimus 6.-11. oktoobrini 2014. Eestit esindasid viis metsateadlast: Hardi Tullus, Tea Tullus ja Reimo Lutter maaülikoolist, Tartu Ülikooli vanemteadur Arvo Tullus ning keskkonnaagentuuri metsaseire osakonnajuhataja Kalle Karoles

  4. Südames on armastuse kodu / Lembit Peterson, Marius Peterson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Peterson, Lembit, 1953-

    2006-01-01

    Theatrumis tuleb lavale Karol Wojtyla (Paavst Johannes Paulus II) kirjutatud näidend "Juveliiri poe ees". Lavastuses osaleb pea kogu perekond Petersonid. Laura, Marius, Mare, Maria ja Lembit Peterson endast ja peresidemetest

  5. Tom ja Anni ajavad isad-emad naerma / Kai Väärtnõu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Väärtnõu, Kai

    2007-01-01

    ETV lastesaate "Saame kokku Tomi juures" stsenarist on Jaak Urmet ehk Wimberg. Teksti improviseerivad ka näitlejad Karol Kuntsel ja Maria Soomets. Lisaks tutvustus "Pööningule purjetab proua Õietolmutuust"

  6. Postimehe žürii hindab võistlusfilme

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Toimetuse žürii koosseisus Peeter Simm, Karol Ansip, Sakarias Lepik, Jevgenia Tirdatova ja Kris Taska hindab PÖFFil näidatavaid filme. Seekord kommenteerivad oma hinnanguid Peeter Simm ja Jevgenia Tirdatova

  7. Continuous and Discontinuous Galerkin Methods for a Scalable Three-Dimensional Nonhydrostatic Atmospheric Model: Limited-Area Mode

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-09

    For these reasons, high-order EBG methods are excellent candidates for next-generation NWP models. Acknowledgment The authors acknowledge Shiva ...Gopalakrishnan for his assistance in an- alyzing the bottlenecks of the MPI codes as well as running some of the simulations. In addition we thank both Shiva

  8. Ontology-based Software Repository System

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-30

    and domains. Current State of the Art Improvements to the current state of the art for software reuse repositories are required ( Shiva & Shala, 2007...model of architecture. IEEE Software, 12(6), 42-50. Object Management Group. (2005). Reusable asset specification (Vers. 2.2). Shiva , S., & Shala

  9. Damping Resonant Current in a Spark-Gap Trigger Circuit to Reduce Noise

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-06-01

    gap (multichannel linear spark-gap) switched system based on a quarter-module of AFRL’s Shiva Star Capacitor Bank. For this, the noise interferes... Shiva Star Capacitor Bank. For this, the noise interferes with an unintegrated measurement needed of the loads local electric field. The noise source

  10. System Architecture Virtual Integration: An Industrial Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-11-01

    Vehicle Sys- tem Engineering and Technology Symposium (GVSETS2009), August 2009. [29] Bruce H. Krogh, Peter H. Feiler, Shiva Sivashankar, and Bill...Ansgar Fehnker, Peter H. Feiler, Zhi Han, Bruce H. Krogh, Eric Lim, and Shiva Sivashankar, ‖Managing Verification Activities Using SVM‖ in Proceed

  11. Laser program annual report, 1977. Volume 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bender, C.F.; Jarman, B.D. (eds.)

    1978-07-01

    An overview is given of the laser fusion program. The solid-state program covers the Shiva and Nova projects. Laser components, control systems, alignment systems, laser beam diagnostics, power conditioning, and optical components are described. The fusion experimental program concerns the diagnostics and data acquisition associated with Argus and Shiva. (MOW)

  12. Riesgo: teoria y realidad. El caso de Marmato, Caldas

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Sandoval Robayo, Mary Luz; Melina Lasso, Rosa

    2012-01-01

    .... Este articulo busca establecer un lazo de comunicacion entre los acercamientos de Beck y Shiva a los conflictos suscitados por la idea de riesgo en el caso de la mineria del oro en Marmato, Caldas...

  13. IEEE Conference Record of 1980 Fourteenth Pulse Power Modulator Symposium, 3-5 June 1980.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-01-01

    the silicone insulator to Stowers, and P. Koert, Development of a prevent tracking. As an aside, the capac- Plasma Retropulse Shutter for Shiva and...negte tetrodes, the original deign was intended to make use of specially- direction is re tur current through the backwing dio Filure 9H developed higmu...output of the prototype Compulsator voltage across the lamps was monitored with a was designed to drive sixteen parallel Shiva differential pair of

  14. Laser fusion monthly -- August 1980

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ahlstrom, H.G. [ed.

    1980-08-01

    This report documents the monthly progress for the laser fusion research at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. First it gives facilities report for both the Shiva and Argus projects. Topics discussed include; laser system for the Nova Project; the fusion experiments analysis facility; optical/x-ray streak camera; Shiva Dante System temporal response; 2{omega}{sub 0} experiment; and planning for an ICF engineering test facility.

  15. Afganistani sõdur: "Enne missioonile tulekut peab kodutagala korras olema" / Teele Üprus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Üprus, Teele

    2012-01-01

    Viis Lääne-Virumaalt pärit kaitseväelast (Randy Ivanov, Jarmo Laeks, Karol Olde, Raido Saremat, Joosep Aasamets) , kes teenivad hetkel jalaväerühmas Estcoy-14, räägivad oma teenistusest Afganistanis

  16. "Kunstisuve" avalöögil Kuressares tegid ilma sütevakalased / Al Paldrok

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paldrok, Al

    1998-01-01

    14. juunil avati Kuressare kunstisuve esimesed näitused: Rait Präätsa kogutud traditsioonilise kunsti ekspositsioon "Nature" raekojas ja Karol Kallase kureeritud "Ilus lugu" kultuurimajas; avapidustustest ning seal toimunud Kiwa performance'ist ning Sorge jõhkrast sekkumisest sellesse

  17. Jälle see "Kunstisuvi" / Rait Prääts

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Prääts, Rait, 1952-

    1999-01-01

    Üldistusi alates 1995. aastast toimuvast "Kunstisuvest", "Kunstisuve" tulevikust. 1995-1998 toimunud ja 1999 toimuvad näitused. 1999. a. suvel kureerivad "Kunstisuve" näitusi Agur Kruusing, Mari Sobolev, Veerle Van Durme, Terje Ojaver, Toomas Mikk, Aleksander Bauman, Karol Kallas, Sirje Eelma, Rait Prääts

  18. Tartu noored kunstnikud salapärasuse vaimustuses / Margus Kiis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kiis, Margus

    2003-01-01

    Tartu Noorte Kunstnike Näitusest Tartu Kunstnike Majas. Iseloomustatud Priit Pajose, Lauri Pajose, Margus Pumpa, Andres Sütevaka, Kaie Luige, Maris Palgi, Külli Suitso, Kadri Kängsepa, Peeter Krossmani, Saimi Kalevi Makkoneni, Kaarel Vulla, Katri Kuuski, Väike Tomi, Meiu Mündi, Karol Kagovere, Meta Narusbeli, Aili Penti, Kene Triive ja Raivo Irdi töid

  19. Eesti Keskerakonna juhatusele

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Mart Jüssi, Karol Kallas, Valter Parve, Viktor Siilats, Mark Soosaar, Kalev Vilgats ja Väino Hallikmägi kirjutasid alla avalikule kirjale, põhjuseks on ajalehes Pärnu Sõnumid avaldatud küsitluskupong "Pärnu pidurid 2007", mida peetakse Keskerakonna Pärnu piirkonna vaenu ja vihkamise õhutamiseks

  20. Pärnu Sõnumite autorid eelistavad anonüümsust / Teet Roosaar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Roosaar, Teet, 1963-

    2008-01-01

    Ajalehes Pärnu Sõnumid maavanem Toomas Kivimägi kritiseerivad inimesed eelistavad jääda anonüümseks. Toomas Kivimägi kõrval pälvisid ajalehe pahameele ka Mark Soosaar, Kalev Vilgats, Väino Hallikmägi, Enn Hallik, Mart Jüssi, Karol Kallas, Valter Parve ja Viktor Siilats

  1. Loomad räägivad sel korral eesti keeles / Jaanus Noormets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Noormets, Jaanus

    2008-01-01

    Arvutiga animeeritud USA koguperefilmist "Madagaskar 2" (Madagascar: Escape 2 Africa), mis jõuab Eesti kinodesse erinevalt filmisarja esimesest osast eesti keelde dubleerituna (loomtegelastele on oma hääle laenanud Karol Kuntsel, Andero Ermel, Evelin Pang, Mait Malmsten, Raivo E. Tamm, Andrus Vaarik jt)

  2. Näitus Eros külmade kiviseinte vahel / Marika Vernik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vernik, Marika

    2001-01-01

    Tšehhi erootiliste ehete näitusest "Eros" Rakvere muuseumis, lähemalt Blanka Sperkova, Martin Pouzari, Lucie Krejcova, Barbora Kalisova, Jolana Sperkova, Blanka, Ctvrteckova, Jan Haseki, Karol Weisslechneri, Susan Ewingi, Jiri Jahelka ja Michal Novotny töödest

  3. Svoboda 'severnõh Afin' : derptskaja Polonia / Sergei Issakov, Pavel Sigalov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Issakov, Sergei, 1931-2013

    1997-01-01

    Korporatsioonist 'Polonia' (asut. 1828. a.) jt. poola üliõpilaste ühendustest Tartus. Tartu ülikoolis õppinud poola kirjanikest ja kirjandusteadlasest: Alfons Walicki, Aleksander Karol Groza, Edward Zheligowski, Bronislaw Zaleski, Jzef Bohdan Dzienkonski, Ludomir Gadon, Jzef Weyssenhoff, Marian Zdziechowski, Andrzej Niemojewski, Ludwik Bruner, Jerzy Jankowski

  4. Papers and Studies in Contrastive Linguistics. Volume Eighteen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fisiak, Jacek, Ed.; Drozdzial, Krystyna, Ed.

    A collection of 14 papers in contrastive linguistics includes: "Some Comments on Language Data in Contrastive Analysis" (Ruta Nagucka); "Contrastive Sociolinguistics Reconsidered" (Karol Janicki); "Variations in Polish Nasal /e/: A Contribution to the Development of Contrastive Sociolinguistic Methodology" (Jane Johnson); "Languages in Contact and…

  5. Tartu noored kunstnikud salapärasuse vaimustuses / Margus Kiis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kiis, Margus

    2003-01-01

    Tartu Noorte Kunstnike Näitusest Tartu Kunstnike Majas. Iseloomustatud Priit Pajose, Lauri Pajose, Margus Pumpa, Andres Sütevaka, Kaie Luige, Maris Palgi, Külli Suitso, Kadri Kängsepa, Peeter Krossmani, Saimi Kalevi Makkoneni, Kaarel Vulla, Katri Kuuski, Väike Tomi, Meiu Mündi, Karol Kagovere, Meta Narusbeli, Aili Penti, Kene Triive ja Raivo Irdi töid

  6. Loomad räägivad sel korral eesti keeles / Jaanus Noormets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Noormets, Jaanus

    2008-01-01

    Arvutiga animeeritud USA koguperefilmist "Madagaskar 2" (Madagascar: Escape 2 Africa), mis jõuab Eesti kinodesse erinevalt filmisarja esimesest osast eesti keelde dubleerituna (loomtegelastele on oma hääle laenanud Karol Kuntsel, Andero Ermel, Evelin Pang, Mait Malmsten, Raivo E. Tamm, Andrus Vaarik jt)

  7. Svoboda 'severnõh Afin' : derptskaja Polonia / Sergei Issakov, Pavel Sigalov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Issakov, Sergei, 1931-2013

    1997-01-01

    Korporatsioonist 'Polonia' (asut. 1828. a.) jt. poola üliõpilaste ühendustest Tartus. Tartu ülikoolis õppinud poola kirjanikest ja kirjandusteadlasest: Alfons Walicki, Aleksander Karol Groza, Edward Zheligowski, Bronislaw Zaleski, Jzef Bohdan Dzienkonski, Ludomir Gadon, Jzef Weyssenhoff, Marian Zdziechowski, Andrzej Niemojewski, Ludwik Bruner, Jerzy Jankowski

  8. Laser fusion monthly, February 1981

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ahlstrom, H.G.

    1981-02-01

    This report is divided into the following sections: (1) facility reports (Argus and Shiva); (2) Nova project; and (3) fusion experiments. In the Fusion Experiments section of this report, the author describes the results of a series of experiments on Shiva which further the understanding of the production and transport of suprathermal electrons. He found that of the suprathermal electrons which strike a laser irradiated disk target or which interact with the rear surface of a half Cairn hohlraum target, a significant fraction of these electrons orbit the target and strike the rear of the disk. These results have significant implications in the interpretation and modeling of the laser irradiated target experiments.

  9. Development and Fielding of High-Speed Laser Shadowgraphy for Electro-Magnetically Driven Cylindrical Implosions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-01

    Star 4.2 MJ capacitor bank z-pinch facility. For each experimental shot, the shadowgraphy system captured several frames of shadowgraph images as...Research Laboratory’s Shiva Star 1300-µf capacitor bank z-pinch facility [2,4] in Albuquerque, NM for the High Energy Density Hydrodynamics Program at...Shiva Star capacitor bank at an 80 kV charging voltage. The discharge current travels along the 40-mm length of the liner and rises to 16 MA in

  10. Kõik ei ole action / Mari Sobolev

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sobolev, Mari, 1968-

    1998-01-01

    Noorte videoprojektidest. Marko Laimre ja Andrus Kõresaare "Egoistically Correct", ainus actionil rajanev video. Jasper Zoova "Sheeps Are Everywhere". J. Zoova ja Tarrvi Laamannni "Fuck". Karol Kallase kureeritud näitusel "Kunstnik tapab koletise" "Kullo" galeriis olnud Jan Bergi, Meelis Salujärve, Al Paldroki videod, Andrus Joonase töö põhjal tehtud Kiwa video "Kunstnik tapab koletise". Publiku soov vaatemängu järele.

  11. Kunstisuvi tulekul / Sirje Eelma

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Eelma, Sirje, 1950-

    1998-01-01

    5. juunil esitles 'Kunstisuvi' selle suve programmi Tallinna Ülemiste veepuhastusjaamas. 13. juunist kollektsioon 'Nature' (koostaja Rait Prääts) Kuressaare Raegaleriis, kollektsioon 'Ilus lugu' (koostaja Karol Kallas) Kuressaare kultuurimajas. 20. juunist näitus 'Mix' (koostaja Agur Kruusing) Haapsalu Linnagaleriis ja kultuurikeskuse saalides. Pärnu Linnagalerii näitusel 'Midigrafik' (koostaja Sirje Eelma) on eksponeeritud väikegraafikat 25 maalt

  12. Tallinnas toimus 'Kunstisuve' esitlus / Tiiu Leis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Leis, Tiiu

    1998-01-01

    Pärnus, Kuressaares ja Haapsalus toimuva 'Kunstisuve' - Pärnu Linnagaleriis 'Midigrafik' (rahvusvaheline väikegraafika, koost. Sirje Eelmaa), Haapsalu Linnagaleriis 'Mix' (eesti maal, graafika, skulptuur, foto, installatsioon, koost. Agur Kruusing), Kuressaare Raegaleriis 'Nature' (traditsioonilisem eesti maal, graafika, skulptuur, koost. Rait Prääts), Kuressaare kultuurikeskuses 'Ilus lugu' (noorem ja mängulisem eesti kunst, koost. Karol Kallas) ئ esitlus toimus Tallinna heitveepuhastusjaama osoonimajas

  13. Armed Groups: A Tier-One Security Priority

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-09-01

    Guerrilla y el Plan Colombia: hablan las FARC y el ELN (Caracas, Venezuela: Producciones Karol, 2001); Thomas Marks. Colombian Army Adaptation to...protection; homeland defense, military assistance to civil authorities, and combating terrorism; air and space issues and planning ; information operations...reveals they cover a massive amount of territory, providing armed groups with access to secure bases for training, planning , and launching operations

  14. Tallinnas toimus 'Kunstisuve' esitlus / Tiiu Leis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Leis, Tiiu

    1998-01-01

    Pärnus, Kuressaares ja Haapsalus toimuva 'Kunstisuve' - Pärnu Linnagaleriis 'Midigrafik' (rahvusvaheline väikegraafika, koost. Sirje Eelmaa), Haapsalu Linnagaleriis 'Mix' (eesti maal, graafika, skulptuur, foto, installatsioon, koost. Agur Kruusing), Kuressaare Raegaleriis 'Nature' (traditsioonilisem eesti maal, graafika, skulptuur, koost. Rait Prääts), Kuressaare kultuurikeskuses 'Ilus lugu' (noorem ja mängulisem eesti kunst, koost. Karol Kallas) ئ esitlus toimus Tallinna heitveepuhastusjaama osoonimajas

  15. Kunstisuvi tulekul / Sirje Eelma

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Eelma, Sirje, 1950-

    1998-01-01

    5. juunil esitles 'Kunstisuvi' selle suve programmi Tallinna Ülemiste veepuhastusjaamas. 13. juunist kollektsioon 'Nature' (koostaja Rait Prääts) Kuressaare Raegaleriis, kollektsioon 'Ilus lugu' (koostaja Karol Kallas) Kuressaare kultuurimajas. 20. juunist näitus 'Mix' (koostaja Agur Kruusing) Haapsalu Linnagaleriis ja kultuurikeskuse saalides. Pärnu Linnagalerii näitusel 'Midigrafik' (koostaja Sirje Eelma) on eksponeeritud väikegraafikat 25 maalt

  16. Kõik ei ole action / Mari Sobolev

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sobolev, Mari, 1968-

    1998-01-01

    Noorte videoprojektidest. Marko Laimre ja Andrus Kõresaare "Egoistically Correct", ainus actionil rajanev video. Jasper Zoova "Sheeps Are Everywhere". J. Zoova ja Tarrvi Laamannni "Fuck". Karol Kallase kureeritud näitusel "Kunstnik tapab koletise" "Kullo" galeriis olnud Jan Bergi, Meelis Salujärve, Al Paldroki videod, Andrus Joonase töö põhjal tehtud Kiwa video "Kunstnik tapab koletise". Publiku soov vaatemängu järele.

  17. Videokunst Chaplini keskuses

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1998-01-01

    Chaplini keskuse suures saalis ja keldris Anu Juuraku ja Jaan Toomiku ühisnäitus "Maa all ja maa peal". Väikeses saalis kuraator Karol Kallase koostatud väljapanek "Kunstnik tapab koletise". K. Kallas on võtnud oma ruumiinstallatsiooni aluseks Andrus Joonase samanimelise maali ja lasknud Kiwal ja Al Paldrokil lavastada selle videoklipina. Chaplini keskuse egiidi all veel skulptor Leena Kuutma plastikkujude näitus "Elulood".

  18. Van maakbare samenleving naar maakbare mens?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dunk, H.W. von der

    2000-01-01

    In Hindoetempels op Bali staan bij de ingang links en rechts twee godheden opgesteld: Vishnu, de god van het goede en Shiva die het kwaad representeert als godheid van de destructie. Helemaal zo eenvoudig ligt het eigenlijk niet. Het A en O van alle historische wijsheid is trouwens 'dat het nooit zo

  19. 抗青枯病转多肽抗生素基因烟草的选育%The breeding of transgenic tobacco with peptide antibiotic genes against bacterial wilt

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐进; 冯洁; 顾刚; 陈顺辉; 彭学贤; 孙超

    2008-01-01

    分别于温室和田间条件下,对转单价apidaecin、shiva-Ⅰ及双价apidaecin+shiva-Ⅰ基因的14个烟草株系材料的T1和T2后代群体进行青枯病抗性筛选鉴定及农艺性状评价.温室盆栽试验中,于5~6叶龄期采用伤根法进行接种.接种后15天.转apidaecin、shiva-Ⅰ和apidaecin+shiva-Ⅰ基因烟草的病情指数较对照分别下降了16.3%、15.2%和59.7%.田间自然病圃筛选鉴定结果表明:B43-5-4、B43-5-1、B43-5-2、B43-5-3和B43-4-1等5个株系材料病情指数较起始品种K326降低21%~70%,且农艺性状与起始品种K326无显著差异.

  20. India Through Literature: An Annotated Bibliography for Teaching India. Part I: India Through the Ancient Classics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Donald; Johnson, Jean

    The past and the present interweave in contemporary India. To understand India, one must know of the traditional stories. Two short pocket books make them accessible and acceptable to students: 1) The Dance of Shiva and Other Tales from India by Oroon Ghosh, published by the New American Library in New York; and, 2) Gods, Demons, and Others by R.…

  1. A generic data exchange scheme between FITS format and C structures

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wei Peng; Nicinski, T.

    1994-11-01

    A flexible and efficient scheme allowing arbitrary FITS Binary and ASCII Tables to be converted to arbitrary C structures at runtime is presented. This scheme has been successfully implemented and used with Shiva (Survey Human Interface and Visualization Environment), a package developed by Fermilab for the analysis of Sloan Digital Sky Survey data.

  2. Production of Mucosally Transmissible SHIV Challenge Stocks from HIV-1 Circulating Recombinant Form 01_AE env Sequences.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lawrence J Tartaglia

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Simian-human immunodeficiency virus (SHIV challenge stocks are critical for preclinical testing of vaccines, antibodies, and other interventions aimed to prevent HIV-1. A major unmet need for the field has been the lack of a SHIV challenge stock expressing circulating recombinant form 01_AE (CRF01_AE env sequences. We therefore sought to develop mucosally transmissible SHIV challenge stocks containing HIV-1 CRF01_AE env derived from acutely HIV-1 infected individuals from Thailand. SHIV-AE6, SHIV-AE6RM, and SHIV-AE16 contained env sequences that were >99% identical to the original HIV-1 isolate and did not require in vivo passaging. These viruses exhibited CCR5 tropism and displayed a tier 2 neutralization phenotype. These challenge stocks efficiently infected rhesus monkeys by the intrarectal route, replicated to high levels during acute infection, and established chronic viremia in a subset of animals. SHIV-AE16 was titrated for use in single, high dose as well as repetitive, low dose intrarectal challenge studies. These SHIV challenge stocks should facilitate the preclinical evaluation of vaccines, monoclonal antibodies, and other interventions targeted at preventing HIV-1 CRF01_AE infection.

  3. Scanning bubble chamber pictures

    CERN Multimedia

    1974-01-01

    These were taken at the 2 m hydrogen bubble chamber. The photo shows an early Shiva system where the pre-measurements needed to qualify the event were done manually (cf photo 7408136X). The scanning tables were located in bld. 12. Gilberte Saulmier sits on foreground, Inge Arents at centre.

  4. EEASA 2007.indb

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ecology (Murray Bookchin), eco-feminism (Vandana Shiva) and environmental education ... Edgar González-Gaudiano, Autonomous University of Nuevo Leon, Mexico ... entitled Caring for the Earth (IUCN, UNEP & WWF, 1991), sustainability is defined as the .... of ethics, justice and politics are introduced (Table 2).

  5. Pteridologische aantekeningen, 3, De eikvaren (Polypodium vulgare L. sensu lato) in Nederland

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Meinders-Groeneveld, J.; Segal, S.

    1967-01-01

    Pteridological Notes, 3 The genus Polypodium in the Netherlands Both Polypodium vulgare L. (sensu stricto) and P. interjectum Shivas occur in the Netherlands. Most of the differential characters reported in the literature overlap one another rather broadly, so that it is often necessary to use a ’sy

  6. Everything I Need to Know I Learned in the Forest

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shiva, Vandana

    2013-01-01

    A lyrical storyteller, Vandana Shiva begins from the roots of the Chipko movement in India, under the canopy of the Himalayan forests while listening to the teachings of the forest. Her evolution of ideas, first based in the history of science and then in the creation of an Earth University on her own Navdanya's farm, suggests a mind's journey to…

  7. Laser program. Annual report, 1978

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Monsler, M.J.; Jarman, B.D. (eds.)

    1979-03-01

    An overview of the entire program is given. The overview previews the report, highlights progress in 1978, and summarizes the facilities and resources of the laser program. The Argus, Shiva, and Nova facilities are described. The theory of fusion target design is discussed along with specialized techniques of target fabrication. (MOW)

  8. Estudos cromossómicos em Pteridophyta de Portugal, III

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Queirós, Margarida

    1997-12-01

    Full Text Available Chromosome numbers of nine taxa of Pteridophyta from Portugal are reported. Earlier counts of seven of these taxa have been carried out on material from other Portuguese places. Polypodium vulgare L. and P. interjectum Shivas is now first studied under the caryological point of view.

    Se ha estudiado el número cromosómico gamético de nueve táxones de Pteridophyta portugueses, siete de los cuales coinciden con los datos indicados anteriormente para otras localidades del país. Se dan a conocer por primera vez, en material portugués, los siguientes: Polypodium vulgare L. y P. Interjectum Shivas.

  9. 单向度的全球化思想

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梵当娜·施瓦; 戴维·巴萨明

    2002-01-01

    梵当娜·施瓦(Vandana Shiva)是国际著名的生态保护活动者。她开创了对生物多样性(biodiversity)和对本土民间科学的研究。是位于新德里的科学、技术与生态研究所(The Research Foundation for Science.Technology and Ecology)的所长。

  10. Design of a fiber optic multi-tapped computer bus for a pulsed power control system application

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gritton, D.G.; Berkbigler, L.W.; Oicles, J.A.

    1979-10-11

    Control system techniques developed and proven on the Shiva laser have been extended to incorporate new electronic and electo-optic devices as well as conform to unique operational requirements of the 300 terawatt Nova laser system. This paper describes one segment of the control system being designed for the Nova laser currently under design/construction at Lawrence Livermore Laboratory. The specific segment covered is the control system bus structure responsible for power conditioning and real-time control functions.

  11. Hidden-service Statistics Reported by Relays

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-06-01

    2009. [7] Cynthia Dwork, Frank McSherry, Kobbi Nissim, and Adam Smith . Calibrating noise to sensitivity in private data analysis. In Proceedings of the...Shiva Prasad Kasiviswanathan, and Adam Smith . Composition attacks and auxiliary information in data privacy. In Proceedings of the 14th ACM SIGKDD...and Adam Smith . Smooth sensitivity and sampling in private data analysis. In Proceedings of the Thirty-ninth Annual ACM Symposium on Theory of

  12. [Construction of plant expression vectors harboring a peptide antibiotic-apidaecin gene and resistance analysis of the transgenic tobacco].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, H; Sun, C; Peng, X X

    2001-07-01

    Two plant expression vectors(pBinPRHbI and pBinPRSIHbI) were constructed: Firstly, apidaecin gene were fused to the signal peptide coding sequencing of a PR-protein, and cloned into a binary vector pBin438 to form pBinPRHbI. Then, the cassette consisting of 35S promoter, PR signal peptide coding sequencing and apidaecin gene was cut off from pBinPRHbI and inserted into another plant expression vector pBinPRSI to produce a bivalent plant expression vector pBinPRSIHbI. pBinPRSI was constructed previously in our lab and contained PR signal peptide and Shiva-I fusion gene under control of 35S promoter. The three plant expression vectors were introduced into tobacco by Agrobacterium-mediated transformation. The positive rate of PCR was 95% in all putative transgenic plants. Results from Southern blot indicated that foreign genes were integrated into tobacco genome and RT-PCR analysis proved that the foreign gene was transcribed in transgenic tobacco. The transgenic tobacco showed higher resistance to P. syringae pv tabaci, the causal agent of tobacco wild fire disease, than their original cultivars. From the disease index, the transgenic plants carrying apidaecin and Shiva-I genes had highest resistance among three kinds of transgenic plants, and the plants carrying Shiva-I gene alone had lowest resistance.

  13. Construction of Plant Expression Vectors Harboring a Peptide Antibiotic-apidaecin Gene and Resistance Analysis of the Transgenic Tobacco%表达多肽抗生素apidaecin的转基因烟草及其抗病性的初步分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晖; 孙超; 彭学贤

    2001-01-01

    将多肽抗生素apidaecin基因与病程相关蛋白的信号肽序列融合,构建了apidaecin的分泌型植物表达载体、apidaecin与另一多肽抗生素Shiva-I的双价分泌型植物表达载体,以本实验室原来构建的Shiva-1分泌型植物表达载体做对照,转化了模式植物烟草.对3种转基因植物进行了分子检测,转化再生苗95%为PCR阳性,Southern杂交结果进一步证明外源基因已经整合到了烟草基因组中,RT-PCR检测表明外源基因可以在转基因烟草内正常转录.对T0代转基因烟草进行烟草野火病的抗病性实验,从3种转基因烟草中都得到了抗病植株,病情指数分析的初步结果显示,双价转基因烟草抗病性最好,apidaecin的次之,Shiva-I的最差.

  14. 多肽抗生素apidaecin对一些植物致病细菌的抗菌活性及对烟草原生质体毒性的研究%STUDY ON THE ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF THE PEPTIDE ANTIBIOTICAPIDAECIN AGAINST SOME PLANT BACTERIAL PATHOGENS AND ITS TOXICITY AGAINST TOBACCO PROTOPLAST

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙超; 王晖; 彭学贤

    2001-01-01

    以多肽抗生素Shiva-I为对照,利用平板抑菌圈法测定了多肽抗生素apidaecin对我国一些重要植物致病细菌的抗菌活性.发现apidaecin对供试棒状杆菌属、黄单胞菌属的菌株没有活性,但是对供试假单胞菌属、欧文氏菌属和土壤杆菌属菌株的抗菌活性比Shiva-I强2~5倍,其最小抑菌浓度一般在0.4~5.9μmol/L之间.apidaecin C-末端酰胺化后,抗菌活性略有升高.Shiva-I对烟草原生质体的最小抑制浓度为86.2μmol/L,20 mmol/L浓度的apidaecin对烟草原生质体依然没有毒性.

  15. Recovering Philosophy as the Love of Wisdom: A Contribution of St. John Paul II

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pawel Tarasiewicz

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The article aims at demonstrating that, by his teaching on human person and his action, St. John Paul II (also known as Karol Wojtyła implicitly contributed to a resolution of the most serious problem of contemporary philosophy, which consists in separating wisdom from love and substituting wisdom with understanding or knowledge. The author concludes that John Paul II makes a persuasive contribution to recover philosophy as the love of wisdom by (1 identifying truth in the area of freedom, self-fulfillment and conscience, and (2 appealing to man’s honesty and happiness.

  16. Przegląd metody leczenia i najczęstszych przyczyn amputacji otwartych i zamkniętych w obrębie kończyny górnej = Review of the methods of treatment and the most common causes of open and closed amputations within areas upper extremity

    OpenAIRE

    Pietkun, Katarzyna; Siminska, Joanna; Stocka, Joanna; Ogurkowski, Karol; Hagner, Wojciech; Nowacka, Krystyna

    2015-01-01

    Pietkun Katarzyna, Siminska Joanna, Stocka Joanna, Ogurkowski Karol, Hagner Wojciech, Nowacka Krystyna. Przegląd metody leczenia  i najczęstszych przyczyn amputacji otwartych i zamkniętych w obrębie kończyny górnej = Review of the methods of treatment and the most common causes of open and closed amputations within areas upper extremity. Journal of Education, Health and Sport. 2015;5(3):311-324. ISSN 2391-8306. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.16770 http://ojs.ukw.edu.pl/index.php/johs/art...

  17. Awareness of students selected secondary schools on the issue orthorexia

    OpenAIRE

    Janečková, Karolína

    2013-01-01

    TITLE: Awareness of students selected secondary schools on the issue orthorexia AUTHOR: Bc. Karolína Janečková DEPARTMENT: Pedagogy department SUPERVISOR: PaedDr. Eva Marádová, CSc. ABSTRACT: The topic of my dissertation is orthorexia nervosa, one of the modern eating disorders, and the impact of a Czech school on its development. The aim of this dissertation is to identify what knowledge about orthorexia issues the secondary medical school students have, what is their opinion on eating disor...

  18. The question of women and environment in the Sudan: inquiries into eco-feminism and feminist environmentalism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nageeb, S A

    1994-12-01

    This article discusses a theoretical framework suggested by Agarwal on eco-feminism in the context of Sudan and the Kordofam region of Sudan. The paper focuses specifically on one aspect of eco-feminism that is discussed by Shiva (1988). Eco-feminism is the link between the domination and suppression of women and the domination and exploitation of nature. Women are identified with nature, while men are closer to culture, which places women in an inferior position. Because of the link of women with nature, women have a vested interest in restructuring the domination of nature. Feminism and environmentalism both reflect egalitarian and nonhierarchical systems. This analysis tests whether women are the central actors of environment and whether women's and environmental interests can be advanced simultaneously. The Indian experience reflects the class and gender process that results in loss of knowledge and livelihoods among poor rural women. The impact is related to the interaction between ideology and political and economic power. Grass-roots resistance to environmental degradation is strong, and women are engaged due to threats to survival. Sudanese women's role, position, status, and relation to the environment is shaped by the patriarchal order, class, ethnicity, and the sexual division of labor. The Shiva concepts apply to Sudan and the Kordofan region. The marginalization of traditional farming and pastoralism has pushed the growing population into marginal environmental zones. The focus on cash-oriented development, political instability, and insufficient and corrupt bureaucracies have aggravated the environmental crisis. Social inequality has increased. Shiva's theories do not fit Sudanese society and Agarwal's perspective is too general. Some Sudanese women have accumulated wealth, commercial interests, and exploited land.

  19. From Hair in India to Hair India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trüeb, Ralph M

    2017-01-01

    In all cultures, human hair and hairdo have been a powerful metaphor. Tracing back the importance and significance of human hair to the dawn of civilization on the Indian subcontinent, we find that all the Vedic gods are depicted as having uncut hair in mythological stories as well as in legendary pictures. The same is true of the Hindu avatars, and the epic heroes of the Ramayana, and the Mahabharata. Finally, there are a number of hair peculiarities in India pertinent to the creed and religious practices of the Hindu, the Jain, and the Sikh. Shiva Nataraja is a depiction of the Hindu God Shiva as the cosmic dancer who performs his divine dance as creator, preserver, and destroyer of the universe and conveys the Indian conception of the never-ending cycle of time. The same principle manifests in the hair cycle, in which perpetual cycles of growth, regression, and resting underly the growth and shedding of hair. Finally, The Hair Research Society of India was founded as a nonprofit organisation dedicated to research and education in the science of hair. Notably, the HRSI reached milestones in the journey of academic pursuit with the launch of the International Journal of Trichology, and with the establishment of the Hair India conference. Ultimately, the society aims at saving the public from being taken for a ride by quackery, and at creating the awareness that the science of hair represents a subspecialty of Dermatology. In analogy again, the dwarf on which the Nataraja dances represents the demon of egotism, and thus symbolizes Shiva's, respectively, the HRSI's victory over ignorance. PMID:28761257

  20. Las democracias como los bosques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomás Rodríguez Villasante

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available La idea de comparar a las democracias con los bosques surgió de los trabajos sobre ecofeminismo de Vandana Shiva. A semejanza de los ecosistemas, los elementos internos se pueden estar reforzando y generando sinergias y creatividad, o todo lo contrario. La cuestión es qué tipo de relaciones se están dando entre los elementos. Las democracias no pueden ser sólo unas declaraciones formales, un organigrama jerárquico, o unos procedimientos rutinarios y ceremoniales.

  1. In vitro cytocidal effect of novel lytic peptides on Plasmodium falciparum and Trypanosoma cruzi.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaynes, J M; Burton, C A; Barr, S B; Jeffers, G W; Julian, G R; White, K L; Enright, F M; Klei, T R; Laine, R A

    1988-10-01

    Plasmodium falciparum and Trypanosoma cruzi were killed by two novel lytic peptides (SB-37 and Shiva-1) in vitro. Human erythrocytes infected with P. falciparum, and Vero cells infected with T. cruzi, were exposed to these peptides. The result, in both cases, was a significant decrease in the level of parasite infection. Furthermore, the peptides had a marked cytocidal effect on trypomastigote stages of T. cruzi in media, whereas host eukaryotic cells were unaffected by the treatments. In view of the worldwide prevalence of these protozoan diseases and the lack of completely suitable treatments, lytic peptides may provide new and unique chemotherapeutic agents for the treatment of these infections.

  2. Tunable Composite Metamaterials with Imbedded Coherently Controllable Atomic or Molecular Materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-07

    VOL. 27, NO. 15, (2009) 3220 [6] Mechanisms of reversible photodegradation in disperse orange 11 dye doped in PMMA polymer Natnael B. Embaye,a Shiva K...emissions one (MPDMA PP) chalcone derivative Azo dye doped polymer (ADP) PMMA 236 nm (single photon) 785 nm 3-Photon 2-photon 150 nm Xe UV lamp...repetition rate of 10 Hz @ 785nm) Using multi-photon excitation of the ADP- PMMA medium Organic Laser dyes Rh.6G Rh.B K1 PMMA 470 nm 535 nm 560 nm 65 nm

  3. Two new genera of Nanophyidae with six desmomeres (Coleoptera, Curculionoidea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Alonso-Zarazaga

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available A new genus Lyalia is described in Nanophyidae and three species are included in it: Lyalia curvata sp. n. (Vietnam, L. robusta (Pic, 1921, comb. n. (from Nanophyes (Java, Bali, Laos and L. albolineata (Pajni & Bhateja, 1982, comb. n. (from Ctenomerus (India: Assam. Ctenomerus lagerstroemiae G. A. K. Marshall, 1923 is a syn. n. of L. robusta. Thus, the genus Ctenomerus Schoenherr, 1843 is restricted to the Afrotropical Realm. Kantohia gen. n. is erected for Kantohia taiwana (Kantoh & Kojima, 2009 (from Shiva (Taiwan. A key to the Nanophyinae genera with six desmomeres is presented.

  4. Techniques for preventing damage to high power laser components

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stowers, I.F.; Patton, H.G.; Jones, W.A.; Wentworth, D.E.

    1977-09-01

    Techniques for preventing damage to components of the LASL Shiva high power laser system were briefly presented. Optical element damage in the disk amplifier from the combined fluence of the primary laser beam and the Xenon flash lamps that pump the cavity was discussed. Assembly and cleaning techniques were described which have improved optical element life by minimizing particulate and optically absorbing film contamination on assembled amplifier structures. A Class-100 vertical flaw clean room used for assembly and inspection of laser components was also described. The life of a disk amplifier was extended from less than 50 shots to 500 shots through application of these assembly and cleaning techniques. (RME)

  5. Ancient technology of jetties and anchorage system along the Saurastra coast, India

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Gaur, A.S.; Sundaresh

    the upper works have been destroyed and the stone blocks have been washed or taken away. It appears that the temple was dedicated to Lord Shiva, as a yoni is present in the sanctum (garbhagriha). The architectural feature of the submerged complex... with the West. Explorations in this inter tidal zone have yielded two anchors similar to those of the Indo-Arab type and one anchor with a wide groove across the middle of the anchor (Fig.9). This is very similar to those reported from Japan and Chinese...

  6. Just a Tea Stall Girl: Lessons from India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2005-05-01

    Full Text Available This article charts the learning of a female academic who travelled and volunteered in southern India during a sabbatical leave from her university. Opportunities to discover gender, race and class connections ranged from tea-stall conversations to academic symposia; from outings with impoverished Indian families to excursions with social justice organizations. The author explores topics that include dowry, politics, globalization, communalism, and poverty. To illustrate her learning, she draws on the work of such renowned Indian scholars as Ali Ashgar Engineer and Vandana Shiva.

  7. Be active - eat well! Two-wheels’ safety week.

    CERN Multimedia

    2009-01-01

    The health campaign "Be active – eat well" was a resounding success. The campaign, which was held from 25 to 29 May 2009, was organised by the Medical Service jointly with the Restaurants Supervisory Committee, the CERN Management, the Staff Association and CHIS, with the active support of CERN’s restaurants. The campaign had a big impact: the interaction was positive and enriching, there were exchanges with visitors of all ages (children, adults, pensioners), and there were plenty of good resolutions. Highlights included Mme Dominique Gerber-Jullien using 20 placemats and dietary texts as browsing material for her French course for adults at CERN; a Scout official picking up documents for teaching purposes; the Novae-inspired idea of bringing an apple with you to work every day, in case you get a sudden snack craving; and the bicycle prize offered by DSR, won by Mr Karol Kruzelecki after making the closest guess of the numb...

  8. [Stefan Boleslaw Szuman (1889-1972), the Torun surgeon, psychologist and educator, the Jagiellonski University professor].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Łysiak, Marian

    2008-01-01

    Professor Stefan Szuman was an outstanding offspring of dr med Leon Szuman, the Torun surgeon. He was born in Torun on 3.01.1889. Encouraged by his father he successfully graduated from medical school. Father's hopes that his private surgery clinic in Torun could be runned by his son were shattered when Stefan found a pretext for quitting surgery. It turned out that his real passion was psychology and education. Luckily, he survived the two world wars. In years 1948-1949, a 28 year old priest Karol Wojtyla listened to his lectures on characterology. It seems that among others, Stefan Szuman's views on human attitude towards death exerted a noticeable influence on the later Pope John Paul II.

  9. A history of erotic philosophy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soble, Alan

    2009-01-01

    This essay historically explores philosophical views about the nature and significance of human sexuality, starting with the Ancient Greeks and ending with late 20th-century Western philosophy. Important figures from the history of philosophy (and theology) discussed include Sappho, Plato, Aristotle, St. Augustine, St. Jerome, the Pelagians, St. Thomas Aquinas, Michel de Montaigne, Rene Descartes, Thomas Hobbes, David Hume, Immanuel Kant, Søren Kierkegaard, Arthur Schopenhauer, Jeremy Bentham, John Stuart Mill, Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels, Sigmund Freud, Jean-Paul Sartre, Simone de Beauvoir, Wilhelm Reich, and Herbert Marcuse. Contemporary philosophers whose recent work is discussed include Michel Foucault, Thomas Nagel, Roger Scruton, Karol Wojtyla (Pope John Paul II), Catharine MacKinnon, Richard Posner, and John Finnis. To show the unity of the humanities, the writings of various literary figures are incorporated into this history, including Mark Twain, Arthur Miller, James Thurber, E. B. White, Iris Murdoch, and Philip Roth.

  10. Introduction to fluorescence

    CERN Document Server

    Jameson, David M

    2014-01-01

    "An essential contribution to educating scientists in the principles of fluorescence. It will also be an important addition to the libraries of practitioners applying the principles of molecular fluorescence."-Ken Jacobson, Kenan Distinguished Professor of Cell Biology and Physiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill"An exquisite compendium of fluorescence and its applications in biochemistry enriched by a very exciting historical perspective. This book will become a standard text for graduate students and other scientists."-Drs. Zygmunt (Karol) Gryczynski and Ignacy Gryczynski, University of North Texas Health Science Center"… truly a masterwork, combining clarity, precision, and good humor. The reader, novice or expert, will be pleased with the text and will not stop reading. It is a formidable account of the fluorescence field, which has impacted the life sciences so considerably in the last 60 years."-Jerson L. Silva, M.D., Ph.D., Professor and Director, National Institute of Science and Tech...

  11. NATURAL VALUES OF THE VEGETATION OF SPRINGS IN USTROŃ SURROUNDINGS AND ITS IMPORTANCE TO ECOTOURISM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zbigniew Wilczek

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Ustroń is a spa town in Southern Poland in area of the Western Carpathians (attitude range: 360–480 m a.s.l.. It is very popular with tourists due to its proximity to biggest urban area of Poland – Upper Silesian Metropolis (about 50 km. The objects of study were surroundings of 3 popular mineral springs in Ustroń: Karol Spring, Ferruginous Spring and Spring on Równica Hill. Field research concerned vegetation and florawithin 100 m of each spring. Results show occurrence of 21 different vegetation types from 8 vegetation classes and 167 vascular species. Many of them are rare and legal protected. Natural values of study area could be use in promotion of ecotourism in Ustroń. What more, each plant community have specific influence to a human health and local bioclimatic properties, so it is necessary to recognize vegetation of spa towns.

  12. SPORISORIUM POLLINIANUM,A SMUT SPECIES NEW TO CHINA%黄金茅孢堆黑粉菌新记录种

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭林

    2000-01-01

    Sporisorium pollinianum(Zundel)Vhnky & Shivas on Eulalia quadrinervis(Hack.)Kuntze is new to China,which was collected from Sichuan province.%寄生在四脉金茅[Eulalia quadrinervis(Hack.)Kuntze]植物上的黄金茅孢堆黑粉菌(Sporisorium pollinianum(Zundel)Vanky & Shivas)新记录种,其孢子堆生在全部小穗中,外有白色包被包围.中轴单个,弯曲.孢子团黑褐色,半粘结.黑粉孢子球形,近球形,卵圆形或椭圆形,10~12.5×8.5~10.51μm,黄褐色;壁厚均匀,0.5~0.8μm,有刺或瘤.不育细胞球形,近球形,卵圆形或椭圆形,10~20×8.5~16.5μm,无色,光滑.

  13. Breeding transgenic potato with bivalent peptide antibiotic genes%双价多肽抗生素转基因马铃薯的培育

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐进; 冯洁; 何礼远; 彭学贤; 孙超

    2007-01-01

    为了提高马铃薯对细菌性病害的抗性,以来源于膜翅目昆虫的新多肽抗生素Apidaecin为目的基因,以多肽抗生素Shiva-Ⅰ为对照,对多肽抗生素在马铃薯抗青枯病基因工程中的应用进行了研究.采用农杆菌介导的方法,用含有Apidaecin+Shiva-Ⅰ双价基因的植物表达载体pBinPRSIHbI对马铃薯栽培品种米拉、中-5-1、Favorata和尼勒克进行了遗传转化试验,共获得卡那抗性再生植株31个,获得了最佳的植株再生分化体系和遗传转化条件.PCR检测及RT-PCR分析表明,目的基因已成功地整合到转基因植株的染色体上并在转基因马铃薯中进行了转录.

  14. Ritual, Performance, and Transmission: The Gaddi Shepherds of Himachal Himalayas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahesh Sharma

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Nawala, a sacrificial ritual offering made to Shiva, is central to the identity of the Gaddis, nomadic mountain shepherds of Himachal Pradesh in Northern India. Over a long period of time the Gaddis were encouraged to abandon shepherding and settle on the plains among agricultural communities. Displaced from their ancestral habitat and nomadic ways, the focus of their ritual performances changed. Examining one ritual text as a prism for folklore and social change, Sharma analyzes how dislocated “identity” negotiates and reinvents itself through ritual performance. The transformation of ritual text, disappearing lineages of traditional singers and ritual specialists, new interpretations and transmission agencies, as well as the eventual preservation and transmission of ritual-lore through audio and video technology, chart the trajectory of identity transformation and engagement with modernity.

  15. Recursive double-size fixed precision arithmetic

    CERN Document Server

    Chabot, Christophe; Fousse, Laurent; Giorgi, Pascal

    2011-01-01

    This work is a part of the SHIVA (Secured Hardware Immune Versatile Architecture) project whose purpose is to provide a programmable and reconfigurable hardware module with high level of security. We propose a recursive double-size fixed precision arithmetic called RecInt. Our work can be split in two parts. First we developped a C++ software library with performances comparable to GMP ones. Secondly our simple representation of the integers allows an implementation on FPGA. Our idea is to consider sizes that are a power of 2 and to apply doubling techniques to implement them efficiently: we design a recursive data structure where integers of size 2^k, for k>k0 can be stored as two integers of size 2^{k-1}. Obviously for k<=k0 we use machine arithmetic instead (k0 depending on the architecture).

  16. Extended liner performance for hydrodynamics and material properties experiments

    CERN Document Server

    Reinovsky, R E

    2001-01-01

    Summary form only given, as follows. Over the last few years a new application for high performance pulsed power, the production of high energy density environments for the study of material properties under extreme conditions and hydrodynamics in complex geometries has joined the traditional family of radiation source applications. The newly commissioned Atlas pulsed power system at Los Alamos has replaced its predecessor, Pegasus, and joined the Shiva Star system at AFRL, Albuquerque and a variety of flux compression systems, principally at the All Russian Scientific Research Institute of Experimental Physics (VNIIEF) as ultra high current drivers for the high precision, magnetically imploded, near-solid density liner that is used to create the needed environments. Three families of experiments: the production of ultra strong shocks (>10 Mbar), the production of strongly coupled plasmas by liner compression of an initially dense plasma of a few eV temperature, and the compression of a magnetized plasma for ...

  17. 化学工业废物处理与综合利用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    X780.3201003762聚硅硫酸铁混凝去除石化废水二级出水中有机污染物的研究/祁佩时…(哈尔滨工业大学城市水资源与水环境国家重点实验室)∥环境污染与防治/浙江省环保科学设计研究院.-2010,32(3).-43~46环图X-3X783.203201003763酚醛树脂厂废水处理组合工艺的研究=Astudy on a com-bined process for the treat ment of phenolic resin plant efflu-ents[刊,英]/Shiva Agarwal…∥J.Hazard.Materi..-2009,169(1/3).-659~666国图研究了利

  18. Correlation energy for elementary bosons: Physics of the singularity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shiau, Shiue-Yuan; Combescot, Monique; Chang, Yia-Chung

    2016-04-01

    We propose a compact perturbative approach that reveals the physical origin of the singularity occurring in the density dependence of correlation energy: like fermions, elementary bosons have a singular correlation energy which comes from the accumulation, through Feynman "bubble" diagrams, of the same non-zero momentum transfer excitations from the free particle ground state, that is, the Fermi sea for fermions and the Bose-Einstein condensate for bosons. This understanding paves the way toward deriving the correlation energy of composite bosons like atomic dimers and semiconductor excitons, by suggesting Shiva diagrams that have similarity with Feynman "bubble" diagrams, the previous elementary boson approaches, which hide this physics, being inappropriate to do so.

  19. Prospects for pulsed power above ten megamperes

    CERN Document Server

    Turchi, P J

    1999-01-01

    Systems, such as Shiva Star, Atlas and magnetic-flux compression generators, that can deliver several megajoules at currents above 10 MA, offer the opportunity for many interesting experiments in controlled fusion technology and basic material dynamics. Typical current rise-times of a few microseconds result, even with low inductance (<20 nH) circuitry, because several megajoules are delivered at less than 200 kV. This means that conductor surfaces can move significantly relative to the skin-layer thickness, and surface plasmas can interfere with power flow. Success with such multi- megampere technology, therefore, requires considerable attention to the detailed design of joints and conductor surfaces. The paper discusses these and other design considerations. It also describes opportunities enabled by operation above 10 MA. (12 refs).

  20. Contribution to the diatom flora of Cambodia: Five new recent freshwater taxa

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Saúl BLANCO; Irene (A)LVAREZ-BLANCO; Cristina CEJUDO-FIGUEIRAS; Eloy B(E)CARES

    2012-01-01

    Cambodian aquatic ecosystems are extremely diversified and constitute major preservation targets.However,the species composition,diversity,and distribution of the inhabiting algal communities are largely unknown.During a sample collection carried out in the Angkor and Banteay Srei monuments area in 2010,several unknown diatom taxa were found in various population densities in the artificial lakes surrounding these temples.Detailed light and scanning electron microscopy observations allowed the description of five of them (Pinnularia cambodiana,P.shivae,Gomphonema angkoricum,G.paradaphnoides,and Frustulia lacus-templi) as taxa new to science.Differential diagnostic criteria with respect to similar taxa,together with the ecological and environmental implications of these findings,are briefly discussed.

  1. In vitro cytocidal effect of lytic peptides on several transformed mammalian cell lines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaynes, J M; Julian, G R; Jeffers, G W; White, K L; Enright, F M

    1989-01-01

    Several types of transformed mammalian cells, derived from established cell lines, were found to be lysed in vitro by three novel lytic peptides (SB-37, SB-37*, and Shiva-1). This is in contrast with the behavior of normal cells, where the observed lytic activity of the peptides is greatly reduced. Based on experiments utilizing compounds which disrupt the cytoskeleton (colchicine and cytochalasin-D), it is surmised that alterations in the cytoskeleton of transformed cells increase their sensitivity to the cytolytic activity exerted by the peptides, primarily by causing a loss of osmotic integrity. Thus, a stable and regenerative cytoskeletal system, as that possessed by normal cells, would seem requisite to withstanding the lytic effects of the peptides.

  2. Non-contact optical three dimensional liner metrology

    CERN Document Server

    Sebring, R J; Salazar, M A

    2001-01-01

    Summary form only given, as follows. We optically captured the "as- built" geometry of NTLX cylindrical liners for Shiva Star using an ultra-precision ranging laser. We subsequently verified the resulting digitized geometry against the 3D CAD model of the part. The results confirmed that the liner contours are within designed tolerances but revealed subtle fabrication artifacts that would typically go undetected. These features included centimeters long waviness and saddle and bulge regions of 1 micron or less in magnitude. The laser technology typically provided 10 micron spatial resolution with 112 nanometer ranging precision. Atlas liners in the future may have to be diamond turned and will have the centimeter wavelength and 100 angstrom amplitude requirements. The advantages of using laser technology is 1) it avoids surface damage that may occur with conventional contact probes and 2) dramatically improves spatial resolution over CMM, LVDT, capacitance and inductance type probes. Our work is the result of...

  3. SECRET HANDSHAKE ISSUE AND VALIDATE AUTHORITY BASED AUTHENTICATION SYSTEM FOR WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamalanaban Ethala

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN are major research area in the past few decades. WSN is formed by collection of sensor nodes. Power source life and memory size limit the hardware sources and these will decide the lifesapn of sensor nodes in WSN. Therefore, many resources based research issues are evolved in WSN. This study focused security issue and proposed authentication system. As the sensor nodes are limited memory, the traditional authentication systems are uncomforted. Hence, secret handshake system using two authorities, namely Issue Authority and Validate Authority are proposed in this study. The proposed authentication system is called as, Secret Handshake Issue and Validate Authority (SHIVA. The proposed methodology is occupying lesser memory space and also reducing number of communication of sensor nodes for the authentication model. Therefore, the proposed methodology proved optimum for WSN.

  4. Corrigendum

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    In the 27th issue of the Weekly Bulletin (28th June 2004) we have reported, under the heading "Lord Shiva Statue Unveiled", that "Carl Sagan drew the metaphor between the cosmic dance of the Nataraj and the modern study of the ‘cosmic dance' of subatomic particles." In fact, as was kindly pointed out to us by his editors, it was Fritjof Capra,  who in his well-known book "The Tao of Physics" (1975), drew this metaphor, and not Carl Sagan. We have apologized for this unintentional misappropriation and we have also modified the relevant part of the text as shown on the explanatory plaque adjacent to the statue.

  5. Título da página electrónica: Z Net – A Community of People Commited to Social Change

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Manuel Mendes

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Esta página electrónica inclui-se no projecto Z Communications – The Spirit of Resistance Lives, uma iniciativa lançada por Michael Albert e Lydia Sargent que propõe uma visão crítica e alternativa ao sistema capitalista mundial. Entre os vários colaboradores desta página contam-se, entre outros, Noam Chomsky, Arundhati Roy e Vandana Shiva, com muitos documentos próprios disponíveis. Entre as várias secções que constituem esta página, são de salientar as seguintes: a revista Z Magazine com a...

  6. Fast High Capacity Annular Gas Puff Valve Design Concept

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruden, Edward

    2000-10-01

    A fast opening gas valve design concept is presented that can theoretically inject a few grams of D2 gas radially outward into a coaxial annular vacuum region with a radius of about 10 cm in less that 100 μ s. The concept employs a single turn 20-30 T pulsed magnetic field coil that axially accelerates an Mg alloy ring, which seals a gas plenum, to high velocity, releasing the gas. Both coil and ring are profiled to minimize stress in the ring. Such a device could be used to supply the initial gas load for a proposed 5 MJ Dense Plasma Focus driven by AFRL's Shiva Star Capacitor bank. The intent here is keep the vacuum current feed insulator under high vacuum during the discharge to avoid surface breakdown. Alternatively, a high energy rep ratable plasma flow opening switch could be supplied with such a valve. This work is funded by the USAF.

  7. Modified diamond dies for laser applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McWilliams, R.A.

    1978-06-21

    A modified wire drawing die for spatial filtering techniques is described. It was designed for use in high power laser systems. The diamond aperture is capable of enduring high intensity laser frequency without damaging the laser beam profile. The diamond is mounted at the beam focus in a vacuum of 1 x 10/sup -5/ Torr. The vacuum prevents plasma forming at the diamond aperture, thus enabling the beam to pass through without damaging the holder or aperture. The spatial filters are fitted with a manipulator that has three electronic stepping motors, can position the aperture in three orthogonal directions, and is capable of 3.2 ..mu..m resolution. Shiva laser system is using 105 diamond apertures for shaping the High Energy Laser Beam.

  8. Correlation energy for elementary bosons: Physics of the singularity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shiau, Shiue-Yuan, E-mail: syshiau@mail.ncku.edu.tw [Department of Physics, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, 701, Taiwan (China); Combescot, Monique [Institut des NanoSciences de Paris, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, CNRS, 4 place Jussieu, 75005 Paris (France); Chang, Yia-Chung, E-mail: yiachang@gate.sinica.edu.tw [Research Center for Applied Sciences, Academia Sinica, Taipei, 115, Taiwan (China); Department of Physics, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, 701, Taiwan (China)

    2016-04-15

    We propose a compact perturbative approach that reveals the physical origin of the singularity occurring in the density dependence of correlation energy: like fermions, elementary bosons have a singular correlation energy which comes from the accumulation, through Feynman “bubble” diagrams, of the same non-zero momentum transfer excitations from the free particle ground state, that is, the Fermi sea for fermions and the Bose–Einstein condensate for bosons. This understanding paves the way toward deriving the correlation energy of composite bosons like atomic dimers and semiconductor excitons, by suggesting Shiva diagrams that have similarity with Feynman “bubble” diagrams, the previous elementary boson approaches, which hide this physics, being inappropriate to do so.

  9. Excitons and Cooper pairs two composite bosons in many-body physics

    CERN Document Server

    Combescot, Monique

    2015-01-01

    This book bridges a gap between two major communities of Condensed Matter Physics, Semiconductors and Superconductors, that have thrived independently. Through an original perspective that their key particles, excitons and Cooper pairs, are composite bosons, the authors raise fundamental questions of current interest: how does the Pauli exclusion principle wield its power on the fermionic components of bosonic particles at a microscopic level and how this affects the macroscopic physics? What can we learn from Wannier and Frenkel excitons and from Cooper pairs that helps us understand "bosonic condensation" of composite bosons and its difference from Bose-Einstein condensation of elementary bosons? The authors start from solid mathematical and physical foundation to derive excitons and Cooper pairs. They further introduce Shiva diagrams as a graphic support to grasp the many-body physics induced by fermion exchange - a novel mechanism not visualized by standard Feynman diagrams. Advanced undergraduate or grad...

  10. Statistical Analysis of Temple Orientation in Ancient India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aller, Alba; Belmonte, Juan Antonio

    2015-05-01

    The great diversity of religions that have been followed in India for over 3000 years is the reason why there are hundreds of temples built to worship dozens of different divinities. In this work, more than one hundred temples geographically distributed over the whole Indian land have been analyzed, obtaining remarkable results. For this purpose, a deep analysis of the main deities who are worshipped in each of them, as well as of the different dynasties (or cultures) who built them has also been conducted. As a result, we have found that the main axes of the temples dedicated to Shiva seem to be oriented to the east cardinal point while those temples dedicated to Vishnu would be oriented to both the east and west cardinal points. To explain these cardinal directions we propose to look back to the origins of Hinduism. Besides these cardinal orientations, clear solar orientations have also been found, especially at the equinoctial declination.

  11. Agrobacterium-Mediated Transformation of Citrus Embryoids and Mature Shoots%根癌农杆菌介导的柑桔遗传转化技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何永睿; 邹修平; 彭爱红; 徐忠强; 许兰珍; 彭祝春; 陈善春

    2004-01-01

    以新会橙、锦橙(Citrus Sinensis Osb.)胚状体以及北碚447锦橙、纽荷尔脐橙(C.Sinensis Osb.)田间成年树腋芽为转化起始材料,经含外源抗菌肽基因(Shiva A和Cecropin B)的根癌农杆菌感染后,比较了胚状体在不同培养基中丛芽的诱导频率和卡那霉素(Km)质量浓度对胚状体丛芽生长以及最终转化频率的影响,也对成年树腋芽在不同BA、IAA质量浓度处理、不同创伤部位和是否用石蜡带(Parafilm)包裹创伤口的诱芽和转化率进行了研究.PCR检测和Southern blot分析证明外源抗菌肽基因(Shiva A和Cecropin B)已导入上述4个柑桔品种;离体抑菌试验证明转基因植株叶片提取液对溃疡病菌有一定的抑制作用.建立了一个简便、快捷、通用的柑桔遗传转化体系.

  12. El método fenomenológico como posibilidad de integración entre ética y ontología

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    Carmen González

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available En el presente trabajo se tratará de mostrar de qué modo la experiencia como momento fundamental del método fenomenológico permite recuperar el vínculo entre sujeto y mundo que el idealismo moderno puso en cuestión. Se señala también que, tanto en la filosofía de Husserl como en la de Scheler, esta misma experiencia tiene una carga, tal vez excesiva, en un caso de emocionalidad y en el otro de actividad intelectiva, pero ambas desvinculadas. Esta desvinculación de los dos momentos que integran el proceso cognoscitivo y experiencial -afección e intelección- es lo que impide el paso definitivo hacia la vinculación entre ética y ontología. Finalmente mostramos cómo en la filosofía de Karol Wojtyla es posible superar esta separación desde la recuperación del momento de experiencia de sí mismo, y, así, es posible volver a plantear la relación entre ontología y ética.The present work is an attempt to show how experience, as a fundamental moment of the phenomenological method, allows for the recuperation of the linkage between the subject and the world that modern idealism had questioned. It is pointed out as well, that, in Husserl's philosophy as in Hegel's, this very experience has a load, perhaps an excessive one, of emotionality in one case, and of intellective activity in the other, but both separated from each other. This disengagement of the two instances that integrate the cognitive experiential processes - affection and intellection - prevents the definite step towards the linkage between ethics and ontology. Finally, we show how, in Karol Wojtyla's philosophy, it is possible to overcome this separation, from the recovering of the moment of self-experience, and thus, it is possible to raise again the issue about the relation between ethics and ontology.

  13. Turtelduer?: Medier, stat og politik i Central- og Østeuropa. Medieforandring i Central- og Østeuropa: Udvikling af en analysemodel

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    Karol Jacubowicz

    1996-09-01

    Full Text Available Den polske medieforsker, Karol Jakubowicz, tager os med på en rundtur i de tidligere kommunistiske lande i Øst- og Centraleuropa. Hvordan går det med pressefriheden og mediernes løsrivelse fra staten? spørger han. Han opstiller følgende kriterier for frie medier: Differentiering, professiona- lisering af journalister, demonopolisering, decentralisering og en grad af demokratisering. Ifølge Jakubowicz er der en tæt sammenhæng mellem de politiske og økonomiske reformer, et land har gennemgået, og medier- nes frigørelsesproces. De tidligere kommunistiske lande grupperes efter, hvilket stade medieudviklingen er nået til og de politiske og økonomiske forhindringer for medieudviklingen opregnes. Den gennemgående tendens i det østeuropæiske medielandskab er "italienske tilstande", dvs. udbredt statslig kontrol med medierne, stærke partitilhørsforhold og integration mellem medier og den politiske elite, konkluderer Jakubowicz. Artiklen har før været publiceret i tidsskriftet Javnost/The Public.

  14. Emotional changes occurring in women in pregnancy, parturition and lying-in period according to factors exerting an effect on a woman during the peripartum period

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    Beata Pięta

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available [b]Introduction[/b]. Pregnancy, parturition and childcare, which are important moments in a woman’s life, are connected with many emotional states of a future mother, a pregnant woman and a lying-in woman. The perinatal period is the time when the risk of psychological disorders in a pregnant woman may increase by even several times. [b]Objective.[/b] The objective of the study was recognition of the main emotional and psychological changes in pregnant women, those in labour and lying-in, according to the factors occurring during the peripartum period. [b]Material and method[/b]. The study was conducted in the form of a survey and covered a group of 108 mothers who were hospitalized in gynaecological-obstetric and obstetric wards in the Karol Marcinkowski Gynaecological-Obstetric University Hospital in Poznań. [b]Results[/b]. There are a number of factors which may exert a negative effect on the emotions of women in pregnancy, parturition, and during lying-in. The study showed that there is a close relationship between the occurrence of these factors and emotional states of the mothers after giving birth. [b]Conclusion[/b]. Special attention should be given to women in whom already during pregnancy factors arise which may have a negative impact on their mental state. Emotions during pregnancy, parturition and lying-in are often quite extreme, and achieve a high intensity, as well being very variable within a short period of time.

  15. Les coulisses de la création

    CERN Document Server

    Beffa, Karol

    2015-01-01

    Comment et d’où viennent les idées ? La liberté créatrice a-t-elle besoin de contraintes ? Quel rôle jouent les rituels de chacun dans l’élaboration de la pensée ? Karol Beffa et Cédric Villani répondent à ces questions et bien d’autres dans un dialogue à bâtons rompus abordant la création dans leurs disciplines respectives, les mathématiques et la musique, qui partagent une longue histoire commune. Au fil de cette conversation, c’est un portrait de ces deux grands esprits qui se dessine et permet d’appréhender leur personnalité, leur oeuvre et leur parcours singulier. Comment devient-on mathématicien ou compositeur ? Comment s’organise une journée type dans ces métiers ? Ils partagent leur expérience et se livrent sans détours.

  16. Water flow simulation and analysis in HMA microstructure

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    Can Chen

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper introduces a new method for reconstructing virtual two-dimensional (2-D microstructure of hot mix asphalt (HMA. Based on the method, the gradation of coarse aggregates and the film thickness of the asphalt binder can be defined by the user. The HMA microstructure then serves as the input to the computational fluid dynamic (CFD software (ANSYS-FLUENT to investigate the water flow pattern through it. It is found that the realistic flow fields can be simulated in the 2-D micro-structure and the flow patterns in some typical air void structures can be identified. These flow patterns can be used to explain the mechanism that could result in moisture damage in HMA pavement. The one-dimensional numerical permeability values are also derived from the flow fields of the 2-D HMA microstructure and compared with the measured values obtained by the Karol-Warner permeameter. Because the interconnected air voids channels in actual HMA samples cannot be fully represented in a 2-D model, some poor agreements need to be improved.

  17. The Attractive Banality of Natalia LL’s "Consumer Art” (1972–1975

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    Agata Jakubowska

    2007-05-01

    The work was created in the neo-avant-garde circles and was in those circles perceived as "an exploration of morphological potential of the sign and the capacity of the medium" (Andrzej Lachowicz. Simultaneously it functioned in the sphere of feminist art, into which it was included in the 1970's by feminist researchers from the Western Europe. In the present article the author conducts an analysis of the ambivalence resulting from the inclusion, which is caused by, among other factors, the incompatibility of Western discourse to Polish situation. It is also pointed out that it is only in the second half of the 1990's that the feminist discourse re-appears in the declarations of the artist herself and of some critics, which is related to the shift, observable in their texts, of "Consumer Art" from the area of conceptual art to the area of body art. The author enters a polemic with some elements of those interpretations, e. g. those referring to the critique of consumerism, and proposes to concentrate on the work by Natalia LL as one referring to erotic desire and female pleasure as issues which had no proper place in the mainstream culture (in the case of Natalia LL, the culture of the Polish Republic of Poland. In this context the author recalls the contemporary pastiche of Natalia LL's work, "Try this!" (2006 by Karol Radziszewski.

  18. Assessment of the Usefulness of Multiplex Real-Time PCR Tests in the Diagnostic and Therapeutic Process of Pneumonia in Hospitalized Children: A Single-Center Experience

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    Ewelina Gowin

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the study was assessment of the usefulness of multiplex real-time PCR tests in the diagnostic and therapeutic process in children hospitalized due to pneumonia and burdened with comorbidities. Methods. The study group included 97 children hospitalized due to pneumonia at the Karol Jonscher Teaching Hospital in Poznań, in whom multiplex real-time PCR tests (FTD respiratory pathogens 33; fast-track diagnostics were used. Results. Positive test results of the test were achieved in 74 patients (76.3%. The average age in the group was 56 months. Viruses were detected in 61 samples (82% of all positive results; bacterial factors were found in 29 samples (39% of all positive results. The presence of comorbidities was established in 90 children (92.78%. On the basis of the obtained results, 5 groups of patients were established: viral etiology of infection, 34 patients; bacterial etiology, 7 patients; mixed etiology, 23 patients; pneumocystis, 9 patients; and no etiology diagnosed, 24 patients. Conclusions. Our analysis demonstrated that the participation of viruses in causing severe lung infections is significant in children with comorbidities. Multiplex real-time PCR tests proved to be more useful in establishing the etiology of pneumonia in hospitalized children than the traditional microbiological examinations.

  19. Assessment of the Usefulness of Multiplex Real-Time PCR Tests in the Diagnostic and Therapeutic Process of Pneumonia in Hospitalized Children: A Single-Center Experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gowin, Ewelina; Bartkowska-Śniatkowska, Alicja; Jończyk-Potoczna, Katarzyna; Wysocka-Leszczyńska, Joanna; Bobkowski, Waldemar; Fichna, Piotr; Sobkowiak, Paulina; Mazur-Melewska, Katarzyna; Bręborowicz, Anna; Wysocki, Jacek; Januszkiewicz-Lewandowska, Danuta

    2017-01-01

    The aim of the study was assessment of the usefulness of multiplex real-time PCR tests in the diagnostic and therapeutic process in children hospitalized due to pneumonia and burdened with comorbidities. Methods. The study group included 97 children hospitalized due to pneumonia at the Karol Jonscher Teaching Hospital in Poznań, in whom multiplex real-time PCR tests (FTD respiratory pathogens 33; fast-track diagnostics) were used. Results. Positive test results of the test were achieved in 74 patients (76.3%). The average age in the group was 56 months. Viruses were detected in 61 samples (82% of all positive results); bacterial factors were found in 29 samples (39% of all positive results). The presence of comorbidities was established in 90 children (92.78%). On the basis of the obtained results, 5 groups of patients were established: viral etiology of infection, 34 patients; bacterial etiology, 7 patients; mixed etiology, 23 patients; pneumocystis, 9 patients; and no etiology diagnosed, 24 patients. Conclusions. Our analysis demonstrated that the participation of viruses in causing severe lung infections is significant in children with comorbidities. Multiplex real-time PCR tests proved to be more useful in establishing the etiology of pneumonia in hospitalized children than the traditional microbiological examinations.

  20. Um olhar complexo e pós-moderno da morte do papa João Paulo II e da posse de Barack Obama

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    Luz, Lia Hecker

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Dia 2 de abril de 2005. O mundo se vê diante de um acontecimento: a morte de Karol Wojtyla. Dono do terceiro maior pontificado de todos os tempos, João Paulo II faleceu aos 84 anos de idade. Sua morte desencadeou cenas nunca antes testemunhadas na história e um mar de pessoas desembarcou em Roma para dar adeus ao papa polonês. Dia 20 de janeiro de 2009. Esse mesmo mundo se vê diante de outro acontecimento: a posse do primeiro presidente negro dos Estados Unidos, Barack Obama. A cerimônia teve uma audiência recorde, sendo acompanhada presencialmente por 2 milhões de pessoas, num evento sem precedentes. O que moveu toda essa legião, seja na morte do papa, seja na posse de Obama? Neste trabalho, as obras de Edgar Morin, Michel Maffesoli e Jean Baudrillard serão usadas para tentar responder à questão

  1. [Fifty years of cooperation--FEBS and Polish Biochemical Society].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barańska, Jolanta

    2014-01-01

    This year, the Federation of European Biochemical Societies (FEBS) celebrates its 50th anniversary. The Polish Biochemical Society, represented by the Society's President, Kazimierz Zakrzewski, was a founding member of the organization. The text presents a history of collaboration between FEBS and Polish Biochemical Society, the participation of Polish Biochemical Society members in different FEBS activities, as well as the role they played in running the Federation. Author describes FEBS Congresses which taken place in Warsaw, the first 3rd FEBS Meeting in 1966 and then 29th Congress in 2004. The profiles of Jakub Karol Parnas, the founding father of the Polish biochemistry and some crucial Presidents of the Society, are also presented. The text describes Parnas Conferences, organized jointly by Polish and Ukrainian Biochemical Societies from 1996, and growing from 2011 into three-nation event with participation of Ukrainian, Israeli and Polish scientists, largely due to significant help from FEBS. Summarizing the last few years, author judge the cooperation between the Federation and the Polish Biochemical Society as optimal.

  2. Assessment of the Usefulness of Multiplex Real-Time PCR Tests in the Diagnostic and Therapeutic Process of Pneumonia in Hospitalized Children: A Single-Center Experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bartkowska-Śniatkowska, Alicja; Jończyk-Potoczna, Katarzyna; Wysocka-Leszczyńska, Joanna; Bobkowski, Waldemar; Fichna, Piotr; Sobkowiak, Paulina; Mazur-Melewska, Katarzyna; Bręborowicz, Anna; Wysocki, Jacek; Januszkiewicz-Lewandowska, Danuta

    2017-01-01

    The aim of the study was assessment of the usefulness of multiplex real-time PCR tests in the diagnostic and therapeutic process in children hospitalized due to pneumonia and burdened with comorbidities. Methods. The study group included 97 children hospitalized due to pneumonia at the Karol Jonscher Teaching Hospital in Poznań, in whom multiplex real-time PCR tests (FTD respiratory pathogens 33; fast-track diagnostics) were used. Results. Positive test results of the test were achieved in 74 patients (76.3%). The average age in the group was 56 months. Viruses were detected in 61 samples (82% of all positive results); bacterial factors were found in 29 samples (39% of all positive results). The presence of comorbidities was established in 90 children (92.78%). On the basis of the obtained results, 5 groups of patients were established: viral etiology of infection, 34 patients; bacterial etiology, 7 patients; mixed etiology, 23 patients; pneumocystis, 9 patients; and no etiology diagnosed, 24 patients. Conclusions. Our analysis demonstrated that the participation of viruses in causing severe lung infections is significant in children with comorbidities. Multiplex real-time PCR tests proved to be more useful in establishing the etiology of pneumonia in hospitalized children than the traditional microbiological examinations. PMID:28182108

  3. Personality and music preferences: the influence of personality traits on preferences regarding musical elements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kopacz, Malgorzata

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of this scientific study was to determine how personality traits, as classified by Cattell, influence preferences regarding musical elements. The subject group consisted of 145 students, male and female, chosen at random from different Polish universities. For the purpose of determining their personality traits the participants completed the 16PF Questionnaire (Cattell, Saunders, & Stice, 1957; Russel & Karol, 1993), in its Polish adaptation by Choynowski (Nowakowska, 1970). The participants' musical preferences were determined by their completing a Questionnaire of Musical Preferences (specifically created for the purposes of this research), in which respondents indicated their favorite piece of music. Next, on the basis of the Questionnaire of Musical Preferences, a list of the works of music chosen by the participants was compiled. All pieces were collected on CDs and analyzed to separate out their basic musical elements. The statistical analysis shows that some personality traits: Liveliness (Factor F), Social Boldness (Factor H), Vigilance (Factor L), Openness to Change (Factor Q1), Extraversion (a general factor) have an influence on preferences regarding musical elements. Important in the subjects' musical preferences were found to be those musical elements having stimulative value and the ability to regulate the need for stimulation. These are: tempo, rhythm in relation to metrical basis, number of melodic themes, sound voluminosity, and meter.

  4. Comparative Laser Spectroscopy Diagnostics for Ancient Metallic Artefacts Exposed to Environmental Pollution

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    Łukasz Ciupiński

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Metal artworks are subjected to corrosion and oxidation processes due to reactive agents present in the air, water and in the ground that these objects have been in contact with for hundreds of years. This is the case for archaeological metals that are recovered from excavation sites, as well as artefacts exposed to polluted air. Stabilization of the conservation state of these objects needs precise diagnostics of the accrued surface layers and identification of original, historical materials before further protective treatments, including safe laser cleaning of unwanted layers. This paper presents analyses of the chemical composition and stratigraphy of corrosion products with the use of laser induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS and Raman spectroscopy. The discussion of the results is supported by material studies (SEM-EDS, XRF, ion-analyses. The tests were performed on several samples taken from original objects, including copper roofing from Wilanów Palace in Warsaw and Karol Poznański Palace in Łódź, bronze decorative figures from the Wilanów Palace gardens, and four archaeological examples of old jewellery (different copper alloys. Work has been performed as a part of the MATLAS project in the frames of EEA and Norway Grants (www.matlas.eu and the results enable the comparison of the methodology and to elaborate the joint diagnostic procedures of the three project partner independent laboratories.

  5. Comparative Laser Spectroscopy Diagnostics for Ancient Metallic Artefacts Exposed to Environmental Pollution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ciupiński, Łukasz; Fortuna-Zaleśna, Elżbieta; Garbacz, Halina; Koss, Andrzej; Kurzydłowski, Krzysztof J.; Marczak, Jan; Mróz, Janusz; Onyszczuk, Tomasz; Rycyk, Antoni; Sarzyński, Antoni; Skrzeczanowski, Wojciech; Strzelec, Marek; Zatorska, Anna; Żukowska, Grażyna Z.

    2010-01-01

    Metal artworks are subjected to corrosion and oxidation processes due to reactive agents present in the air, water and in the ground that these objects have been in contact with for hundreds of years. This is the case for archaeological metals that are recovered from excavation sites, as well as artefacts exposed to polluted air. Stabilization of the conservation state of these objects needs precise diagnostics of the accrued surface layers and identification of original, historical materials before further protective treatments, including safe laser cleaning of unwanted layers. This paper presents analyses of the chemical composition and stratigraphy of corrosion products with the use of laser induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) and Raman spectroscopy. The discussion of the results is supported by material studies (SEM-EDS, XRF, ion-analyses). The tests were performed on several samples taken from original objects, including copper roofing from Wilanów Palace in Warsaw and Karol Poznański Palace in ŁódŸ, bronze decorative figures from the Wilanów Palace gardens, and four archaeological examples of old jewellery (different copper alloys). Work has been performed as a part of the MATLAS project in the frames of EEA and Norway Grants (www.matlas.eu) and the results enable the comparison of the methodology and to elaborate the joint diagnostic procedures of the three project partner independent laboratories. PMID:22399915

  6. Exploratory results from a new rotary shear designed to reproduce the extreme deformation conditions of crustal earthquakes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Di Toro, G.; Nielsen, S. B.; Spagnuolo, E.; Smith, S.; Violay, M. E.; Niemeijer, A. R.; Di Felice, F.; Di Stefano, G.; Romeo, G.; Scarlato, P.

    2011-12-01

    A challenging goal in experimental rock deformation is to reproduce the extreme deformation conditions typical of coseismic slip in crustal earthquakes: large slip (up to 50 m), slip rates (0.1-10 m/s), accelerations (> 10 m/s2) and normal stress (> 50 MPa). Moreover, fault zones usually contain non-cohesive rocks (gouges) and fluids. The integration of all these deformation conditions is such a technical challenge that there is currently no apparatus in the world that can reproduce seismic slip. Yet, the determination of rock friction at seismic slip rates remains one of the main unknowns in earthquake physics, as it cannot be determined (or very approximately) by seismic wave inversion analysis. In the last thirty years, rotary shear apparatus were designed that combine large normal stresses and slip but low slip rates (high-pressure rotary shears first designed by Tullis) or low normal stresses but large slip rates and slip (rotary shears first designed by Shimamoto). Here we present the results of experiments using a newly-constructed Slow to HIgh Velocity Apparatus (SHIVA), installed at INGV in Rome, which extends the combination of normal stress, slip and slip rate achieved by previous apparatus and reproduces the conditions likely to occur during an earthquake in the shallow crust. SHIVA uses two brushless engines (max power 300 kW, max torque 930 Nm) and an air actuator (thrust 5 tons) in a rotary shear configuration (nominally infinite displacement) to slide hollow rock cylinders (30/50 mm int./ext. diameter) at slip rates ranging from 10 micron/s up to 6.5 m/s, accelerations up to 80 m/s2 and normal stresses up to 50 MPa. SHIVA can also perform experiments in which the torque on the sample (rather than the slip rate) is progressively increased until spontaneous failure occurs: this experimental capability should better reproduce natural conditions. The apparatus is equipped with a sample chamber to carry out experiments in the presence of fluids (up to 15

  7. Tocilizumab in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and beyond

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    Shetty A

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Anjali Shetty,1 Rebekah Hanson,1 Peter Korsten,2 Munir Shawagfeh,3 Shiva Arami,1 Suncica Volkov,1 Olga Vila1 William Swedler,1 Abdel Naser Shunaigat,4 Sameer Smadi,4 Ray Sawaqed,5 David Perkins,1 Shiva Shahrara,1 Nadera J Sweiss11Department of Rheumatology, Pharmacy, Transplant, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA; 2Department of Nephrology and Rheumatology, University Medicine Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany; 3Anesthesia and Pain Management, King Hussein Cancer Center, Amman, Jordan; 4Liver Transplant, Kidney Transplant Royal Medical Services, Jordan; 5Cardiac Surgery Methodist Hospitals, Merrillville, IN, USAAbstract: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA is a systemic inflammatory disease characterized by joint pain, swelling, stiffness, and progressive destruction of the small joints of the hands and feet. Treatment of RA has improved over the past decade. With multiple cytokines well-known now to play a role in the pathogenesis of RA, including tumor necrosis factor alpha, interleukin (IL-1β, and IL-6, many targeted biological treatments against these cytokines have emerged, changing the treatment of this disease. Tocilizumab (TCZ is a recombinant humanized monoclonal antibody against the IL-6 receptor and has been approved in many countries, including the United States, for the treatment of moderate to severe RA in patients who have not adequately responded to one or more disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs or cannot tolerate other approved drug classes for RA. The aim of this review is to discuss the role of IL-6 in RA, and to provide an overview of the mode of action, pharmacokinetics, and safety of TCZ. Furthermore, efficacy studies of TCZ as both monotherapy and combination therapy will be evaluated. There have been several important clinical trials evaluating the efficacy and safety of TCZ in RA patients; this review summarizes this data from 14 key trials with emphasis on Phase III trials. Review of these trials

  8. Faculty of social Christian teaching at Jagiellonian University

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    Stanisław Piech

    1989-12-01

    Vorlesungen Andrzej Mytkowicz, ein Geistlicher und ehemaliger Universitatsprofessor fur christliche Soziologie in Lemberg, der sie bis 1938/39 fortsetzte. Zur Zeit der deutschen Besatzung, als die Krakauer Universitat bereits geschlossen war, wurde die Katcholische Soziallehre an den Priesterseminaren den Priesterseminaren fur die Diozese Krakau und Tschenstochau von Piwowarczyk unterrichtet. Nach Kriegsende ubernahm den Lehrauftrag an der JU wieder Mytkowicz und las daruber bis 1946/47. Von 1947 bis 1952 setzte diese Vortragsreihe Piwowarczyk fort, der zu dem Zeitpunkt auch Redaktionsmitglied der katholischen Wochenschrift "Tygodnik Powszechny" war. In dem Studienjahr 1952/53 wurde Piwowarczyk von Bolesław Kominek, dem spateren Kardinal und Erzbischof-Metropolit von Wrocław abgelost. Im letzten Jahr vor der Abschaffung der Theologischen Fakultat an der UJ hielt diese Vortrage Karol Wojtyła, der spatere Krakauer Erzbischof und Papst Johannes-Paul II. Obgleich in dem Zeitraum 1910-1954 die Katholische Soziallehre an der UJ nur 15 Oahre lang an einen eigens dafur eingerichteten Lehrstuhl unterrichtet werden konnte, hatte die Theologische Fakultat das Gluck, dafur jeweils die besten Wissenschaftler zu gewinnen, die - wie Zimmermann, Piwowarczyk und nicht zuletzt auch Karol Wojtyła - bis heute sehr bekannt sind.

  9. The occurrence and predictive factors of sleep paralysis in university students

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    Lišková M

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Monika Lišková,1,2 Denisa Janečková,1 Lucie Klůzová Kráčmarová,3 Karolína Mladá,1 Jitka Bušková1,2 1Institute of Sleep Medicine, National Institute of Mental Health, Klecany, 2Third Faculty of Medicine, Charles University, Prague, 3Olomouc University Social Health Institute, Palacky University, Olomouc, Czech Republic Abstract: The aim of the present study was to assess the occurrence and predictive factors of sleep paralysis (SP in Czech university students. Our sample included 606 students who had experienced at least one episode of SP. The participants completed an online battery of questionnaires involving questionnaires focused on describing their sleep habits and SP episodes, the 18-item Boundary Questionnaire (BQ-18, the Modified Tellegen Absorption Scale (MODTAS, the Dissociative Experience Scale Taxon, the Beck Depression Inventory II and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory. The strongest predictive factor for the frequency of SP episodes was nightmares. The strongest predictive factor for the intensity of fear was dream occurrences. In our study sample, SP was more common in women than in men. Those who scored higher in BQ-18 experienced more often pleasant episodes of SP and those who scored higher in MODTAS were more likely to experience SP accompanied with hallucinations. While 62% of respondents answered that their SP was accompanied by intense fear, 16% reported that they experienced pleasant feelings during SP episodes. We suggest that not only the known rapid eye movement sleep dysregulation but also some personality variables may contribute to the characteristics of SP. Keywords: sleep paralysis, absorption, personality boundaries, dissociation, nightmares

  10. [The correlation between subjective and objective voice evaluation in organic and functional larynx disorders].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiskirska-Woźnica, Bozena; Pruszewicz, Antoni; Obrebowski, Andrzej; Swidziński, Piotr

    2003-01-01

    The aim of this research is to develop and introduce into phoniatric diagnostic procedures the complex methodology of vocal function assessment, on the basis of comparison of subjective and objective voice estimation. The set of complex voice evaluation ought to include perceptual examination of the voice quality with quantitative GRBAS scale as a subjective method, vocal folds vibrations in videostroboscopy as a quasi-objective method and acoustic voice estimation in Multi Dimensional Voice Program (MDVP) as an objective method. The basic assumption of this report is to prove correlation existence for vocal folds vibration quality in videostroboscopy, parameters describing acoustic wave generating by vibration system in larynx (MDVP) and perceptual subjective voice assessment (GRBAS scale) in organic and functional voice disorders. Research was conducted on 100 subjects (65 with organic and 35 with functional voice disorder), aged 7-74 years randomly chosen from population of patients treated at the Department of Phoniatrics and Audiology, Karol Marcinkowski University School of Medical Sciences in Poznań in 1996-2001 and 60 subjects as a control group without any voice disorders according to phoniatric examination. The research methodology include perceptual voice evaluation based on Japanese (Hirano) GRBAS scale adapted to Polish language, in scale 0 to 3 as well as the vibrations of vocal folds in videostroboscopy with attempt at quantification (scale 1 to 3) of selected measure and for acoustic analysis of Multi Dimensional Voice Program (MDVP) for 17 estimated parameters. Due to results and statistic analysis the own, new scale of dysphonia severity was introduced.

  11. [Influence of smoking on pregnency course and fetal development].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Urbaniak, Tomasz; Klejewski, Andrzej; Sobczyk, Katarzyna

    2015-01-01

    Smoking is a significant factor which affects not only reproduction and the process of pregnancy but also the offspring. Endangering for tobacco smoke and nicotine either passive or active has an important influence for shortening the time of pregnancy, the weight of the newborn and the Placenta. The occurrence of complications connected with smoking is probably correlated with the amount of cigarettes smoked per day. The aim of the paper was to analyse the influence of passive and active smoking on the course of pregnancy. The study involved a group of 113 women who gave birth in Gynaecological and Obstetrics Clinical Hospital of the Karol's Marcinkowski University of Medical Sciences in Poznan during the period from January to June 2011. Based on data gained from documentation and mothers three groups were separated: 22 women who were active smokers, 32 passive smokers and 59 women from control group who have never been smoking. There were analyzed selected obstetric data and term of pregnancy, condition and weight of newborn, blood pH and alkaline balance from umbilical vessels. In research there were no correlation between groups and/or results of researches of blood Ph, alkaline balance from umbilical vessels and the assessment of the newborn in Apgar score at 1, 3, 5 minute. In fact passive smoking women were younger (the average 27.84) than actively smoking woman (30.23) and non-smokers (30.25) (p = 0.03). The most of small as for their gestational age infants were in the group of active smoking women (14%). Non-smokers more often did have a miscarriage (84%) in the past than other groups (active smokers 60%, passive 33%) (p = 0.04). Smoking women usually come from countryside or small towns, they were not marriage and they had preterm delivery. In this group there was found the biggest percent of too small newborns for their gestational age--14%.

  12. Material related to Lwów (lwowiana in the collection of the Library of Kraków Technical University. An analysis of the records in acquisition inventories from the years 1946-1961

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agnieszka Górska

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Based on twelve oldest hand-written inventory registers of the former Kraków Technical University from the years 1946-1961, a list, and then individual bibliographical records of 377 titles of books published in Lwów between 1747-1939 that are currently held at the Library, have been produced. In the article, the thematic scope of the materials related to Lwów is identified and characterized, which is followed by an analysis of the following formal features: chronological and typographical range of the publications (identification of publishing establishments or institutions most frequently represented in the collection, and their general characteristics. The group of books discussed in the study mainly includes technical textbooks written by such prominent lecturers of the Technical College in Lwów (Politechnika Lwowska as Maksymilian Thullie, Stefan Bryła, Maksymilian Matakiewicz, as well as other technical publications written by, for example, Karol Skibiński. The collection also includes literary works written by Polish and foreign authors, guidebooks and titles related to the history of Poland and the world, history of art, the art of painting, etc. The publications under scrutiny were published by various Lwów-based publishing houses such as Książnica Atlas, Zakład Narodowy im. Ossolińskich (the Ossolineum Institute and Wydawnictwo Polskie. Other initiators of publishing the research and scientific material included bookshop-cum-publishing establishments such as Księgarnia Polska Bernarda Połonieckiego.

  13. Can deep vein thrombosis be predicted after varicose vein operation in women in rural areas?

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    Marcin Warot

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available [b]Introduction[/b]. Chronic venous disease is a group of symptoms caused by functional and structural defects of the venous vessels. One of the most common aspects of this disease is the occurrence of varicose veins. There are many ways of prevention and treatment of varicose veins, but in Poland the leading one is still surgery. As in every medical procedure there is the possibility of some complications. One of them is deep vein thrombosis (DVT. The diagnosis of DVT can be difficult, especially when access to a specialist is limited, such as in case of rural patients. [b]The aim of the study.[/b] The aim of the study was estimation of the influence of LMWH primary prophylaxis on the formation of postoperative DVT, as well as sensitivity and specificity of clinical examination and D-dimer value in diagnosis of postoperative DVT in women. [b]Materials and methods[/b]. The study was conducted in a group of 93 women operated on in the Department of General, Vascular Surgery and Angiology at the Karol Marcinkowski University of Medical Sciences in Poznań, Poland. The patients had undergone a varicose vein operation and were randomly divided into two groups: A – 48 women receiving LMWH during two days of the perioperative period, B – 45 women receiving LMWH during seven days of the perioperative period. [b]Results[/b]. There was no significant difference in the postoperative DVT complications in both groups. The value of D-dimer > 0.987 mcg/ml and swelling > 1.5 cm of shin (in comparison to the preoperative period plays a significant role in diagnosis of DVT. [b]Conclusions[/b]. The extended primary prophylaxis with LMWH does not affect the amount or quality of thrombotic complications after varicose vein operation. If the DVT occurs, the evaluation of the D – dimer and careful clinical examination can be a useful method for its diagnosis.

  14. Rock Engravings and Sculptures of North Guwahati, Assam

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    Dwipen Bezbaruah

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Evidences of rock engravings and sculptures, in Assam, are predominantly found to occur in the vicinity of the temples. Incidence of images of Gods and Goddesses, faunal and floral motif are invariably more. Apart from these, some geometric designs are also perceived. Such tangible archaeological heritages are considered important evidences for understanding the past in a more meaningful way. Therefore, it is pertinent to systematically document these sites and the remains before natural and anthropogenic obliteration. The objective of the present paper is to record and document the rock engravings and sculptures observed in the archaeological sites, namely Dirgheswari, Aswakranta, Manikarneswar, Rudreswar and Kanai Boroshi bowa of North Guwahati in Kamrup district, Assam, which are protected and preserved by the Directorate of Archaeology, Assam and to understand the archaeological context of the sites and their remains. The data for the present paper have been collected through field visit and Exploration was conducted in dry and winter season. The findings of the present work comprises of some sculptures of Ganesa, Yama, Sage, Kali, deities, bull without head, human figures, broken piece of a tiger, remains of door frame or pillar and shrines. Series of dot marks, cut marks, inscription, image of Shiva, foot impression, chess board, square, bow, signs, female figurine, and elephant engravings constitute the rock engravings observed in the area.

  15. Controlling Laser-Driven Hohlraums-Clues from Experiments with Earlier Lasers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kruer, William; Thomas, Cliff

    2015-11-01

    Better characterized and controlled hohlraums are very important for both implosion and science experiments on NIF. A brief review of some hohlraum and related experiments with earlier lasers is given to search for lessons learned and clues for better understanding NIF hohlraums. For example, surprises associated with heat transport inhibition and improved models for radiation generation have been a recurring theme in indirect drive experiments. In Shiva experiments, the hohlraum filling with plasma with density near quarter-critical was only calculated after inhibited heat transport and improved radiation models were adopted in the design code. Early NIF experiments also led to a change in the heat transport and radiation models. In this case, the heat transport model was changed from one with modest inhibition (which had been used to model Nova experiments) to near classical transport. Most recently, a design model invoking very inhibited transport (at various times and locations) has been proposed by C. Thomas for NIF hohlraums. Other recurring themes will also be discussed. This work was performed under the auspices of the U.S. Department of Energy by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory under Contract DE-AC52-07NA27344.

  16. Cricket Club

    CERN Multimedia

    Cricket Club

    2011-01-01

    Rhone CC v CERN CC at Parc de Parilly, Lyon on Sunday 11th September 2011 CERN travelled to Lyon to play our old friends Rhone at their new ground in the pretty and busy Parilly Parc. With no traffic problems CERN were at the ground in good time and even had time for a pre game kick around before skipper Elvin won the toss and decided to bowl. Onions and Chaudhuri opened the bowling and were penalized by some strict wide calling from the Rhone umpires. Onions finally made the breakthrough with the help of a brilliant running catch from the athletic Price. Chaudhuri then picked up 2 more Rhone wickets in a fiery opening spell as CERN took control. Rhone then rallied and Shiva made 50 before S. Ahmed had him trapped LBW. Skipper Elvin then turned to McFayden and the evergreen I. Ahmed to try and wrestle control back and McFayden was unlucky not to have Bala caught behind when the only person who did not think he had edged it was the umpire! Price again took another stunning catch in the deep to give I. Ahmed ...

  17. El sistema jurídico y la violencia: una perspectiva ambiental

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    Pierre Foy Valencia

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available La reflexión crítica y académica sobre las relaciones entre derecho y violencia es esencialmente compleja. Una primera aproximación elemental podría ser partir de la teoría de las fuentes del Derecho, ya sea en términos de fuentes materiales (v.g. la violencia como fenómeno interdisciplinario1, como de fuentes formales (v.g. doctrinarios: los derechos humanos y la violencia; normativos y jurisprudenciales: la sanción penal por las conductas violentas. Desde nuestra perspectiva jus disciplinaria4 esta aproximación nos conduce a consideraciones temáticas como la paz por oposición a la violencia y en ese sentido el imperativo de abordar concepciones relativas al pacifismo y la no violencia, que servirán de sustento para postular expresiones formalizadas (juridificadas acerca de la violencia y el ambiente5. Al respecto, la cultura de la no violencia se alimenta y encuentra profundamente arraigada en los movimientos ecologistas (ecopacifismo, teniendo entre su mentores a Gandhi, Schumacher, al propio Einstein —añadiríamos al «viejo» Russell— a Vandana Shiva en tiempos recientes, por mencionar algunos.

  18. Scientific and Technological Talents Introduction Needs Good Culture Atmosphere and Talent System in Line with International Practice%科技人才引进中的文化氛围和与国际接轨——阿雅杜雷事件简析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    乌云其其格

    2010-01-01

    @@ 2009年10月,印度科学与工业研究理事会(CSIR)解雇了其"杰出印裔科学家/技术专家计划"下引进的海外印裔科学家阿雅杜雷(Shiva Ayyadurai).该计划是印度政府于2008年12月推出的最高规格的人才引进计划,目标是吸引印裔领军人才,增强印度的科学技术竞争力.阿雅杜雷是麻省理工学院的富布赖特学者,电子邮件的发明者,他是该计划启动后引进的第一位印裔专家,其主要使命在于推进印度科学与工业研究院的科技成果转化工作.

  19. 席瓦和她的第三世界生态女性主义--"9.11"事件后发出的不同声音%Siva and Her Eco-feminism of the Thir World-Different Voices Raised After the "9.11" Incident

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵冰冰; 刘兵

    2002-01-01

    正如女性主义的其他流派一样,生态女性主义也包容了许多彼此观点有很大差异的各种理论.其中,印度学者范达娜@席瓦(VANDANA SHIVA)作为第三世界为数不多的代表之一,颇为引人注目.本文试以席瓦在"9.11"事件后发表的4篇文章"上帝保佑世界""团结起来反对一切形式的恐怖主义""恐怖主义的生态""如同类相食的恐怖主义"为例,介绍其主要思想,并简要分析她与其他(主要是欧美发达国家的白人中产阶级)生态女性主义者的异同.

  20. 六臂地层倾角处理中的球面映像技术分析%Analysis of spherical projection technology in six-arm dipmeter processing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高兴军; 付鑫生; 于兴河; 段鸿彦; 刘洪亮

    2002-01-01

    美国哈里伯顿公司的六臂地层倾角测井解释软件SHIVA,采用基于球面映像技术的地层产状计算方法.该方法从视倾斜向量在球面及投影平面上的投影出发,依据同一层面上两个互不相关的视倾斜向量可以唯一地确定一个层面的基本原理,将地层产状的计算转化为映像平面上点的坐标的确定.该方法适用于六臂地层倾角测井仪器的特点.本文详细探讨了基于球面映像技术确定地层产状的基本原理,并分析了该技术在六臂地层倾角测井资料处理中的应用.

  1. Numerical simulation on whole acceleration process of compact toroids%紧凑等离子体环整体加速过程的数值计算

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜猛; 王尚武; 吴昌莉; 林源根

    2009-01-01

    紧凑等离子体环(CT)应用广泛,可以作为聚变驱动源和脉冲x射线源等,对CT加速过程的研究是其应用方面研究的基础.描述了CT加速的基本原理,基于整体加速模型导出数值模拟方程组,采用四阶龙格-库塔法数值求解此方程组.根据Phillips实验室MARADUER的参数和SHIVA-STAR电容器组参数,对CT在同轴加速器内的加速过程进行了数值模拟,定量地分析了影响加速效率的各种因素.计算结果表明:CT的质量越大、加速器越长,加速效率越高,但加速效率存在饱和趋势;电感和电阻越小,加速效率越高;对于一定的电容器初始储能,电容值较小时加速效率越高.

  2. 从土壤中提取DNA用于PCR扩增%EXTRACTION OF DNA FROM SOIL FOR PCR AMPLIFICATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜涛; 黄小毛; 侯明生; 林木兰; 周宁一

    2003-01-01

    设计、比较了5种直接从土壤中提取DNA的方法.实验结果表明这5种方法都可以从土壤中提取到长度大于15kb的DNA片段,但在不同方法间DNA的产量存在很大差异;初提的土壤DNA经进一步提纯后均可用于PCR反应,利用细菌16S rRNA基因和抗菌肽Shiva-1基因的引物都得到了相应的目的产物.其中方法5提取DNA产量最高,无明显降解,且重复性好,是一种从小量土壤样品中直接提取DNA的理想方法.

  3. 雪莱迷恋与认同东方神秘主义的表征与动因%A Study of the Tokens and Reasons of Percy Shelley's Infatuation and Sympathetic Identification Towards Eastern Mysticism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龙瑞翠; 李增

    2010-01-01

    一直以来,研究雪莱的学者们在探讨雪莱宗教观时多限于关注雪莱身上的基督教因素,甚少涉及诗人身上所体现出来的其他宗教因素如东方神秘主义等--尽管很多学者都从东方主义角度注意到雪莱喜欢形而上地营造一个与西方完全对立的遥远东方世界,赞颂东方的神秘宁静之同时又极力批判东方的迷信愚昧,审视西方工业文明的优劣.事实上,雪莱对东方文化、东方宗教尤其是具有印度教色彩的解脱思想(Moksha)以及湿婆崇拜(Shiva)等神秘主义因素都有深切的迷恋与内在化认同.

  4. OA03.07. A comparative clinical study to evaluate the therapeutic effect of shivagutika in patients with H.I.V infection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anil, L Abhishek; Acharya, G Shrinivasa

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: HIVAIDS is the most dreaded challenge that the today's medical world is facing! As patients do not have many options, they tend to look at ayurveda to help improve their condition clinical presentation of HIV is akin to the description of Rajayakshma characterized by involvement of multiple srotas and presenting with diarrhea, cough, fever and similar other symptoms. Shiva guttika is used here as a rasayana to improve the immunity. Method: A Single blind comparative clinical study with Pretest & Post test design. The patients were randomly categorized into two groups as shivagutika group and ART group consisting of 20 patients each Shivagutika group In this group the 20 patients were treated orally with shivagutika in a dose of 12 grams od, for 6 months ART group In this the patients were treated with ART for six months. Result: The criteria's selected for the evaluation like Cough, Dyspnoea, fever,body weight, HB%, ESR, CD4 count etc all were statistically analyzed. Following medication with shivagutika the value of cd4 count was 567 in comparison to initial value of 391. in the ART group the initial value of 417.6 increased to 447.6 following treatment. Conclusion: CD4 count affirms the therapeutic benefit of shivagutika in HIV infection /AIDS beyond doubt Various other vyadhi hara rasayanas can be used in the management of immuno compromised conditions and in reoccurant diseases.

  5. Distributed tactical reasoning framework for intelligent vehicles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sukthankar, Rahul; Pomerleau, Dean A.; Thorpe, Chuck E.

    1998-01-01

    In independent vehicle concepts for the Automated Highway System (AHS), the ability to make competent tactical-level decisions in real-time is crucial. Traditional approaches to tactical reasoning typically involve the implementation of large monolithic systems, such as decision trees or finite state machines. However, as the complexity of the environment grows, the unforeseen interactions between components can make modifications to such systems very challenging. For example, changing an overtaking behavior may require several, non-local changes to car-following, lane changing and gap acceptance rules. This paper presents a distributed solution to the problem. PolySAPIENT consists of a collection of autonomous modules, each specializing in a particular aspect of the driving task - classified by traffic entities rather than tactical behavior. Thus, the influence of the vehicle ahead on the available actions is managed by one reasoning object, while the implications of an approaching exit are managed by another. The independent recommendations form these reasoning objects are expressed in the form of votes and vetos over a 'tactical action space', and are resolved by a voting arbiter. This local independence enables PolySAPIENT reasoning objects to be developed independently, using a heterogenous implementation. PolySAPIENT vehicles are implemented in the SHIVA tactical highway simulator, whose vehicles are based on the Carnegie Mellon Navlab robots.

  6. A new two-phase erosion-deposition model for mass flows

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pudasaini, Shiva P.; Fischer, Jan-Thomas

    2016-04-01

    Erosion, entrainment and deposition are complex and dominant, but yet poorly understood, mechanical processes in geophysical mass flows. Here, we propose a novel, two-phase, erosion-deposition model capable of adequately describing these complex phenomena commonly observed in landslides, avalanches, debris flows and bedload transports. The model enhances an existing general two-phase mass flow model (Pudasaini, 2012) by introducing a two-phase variably saturated erodible basal morphology. The adaptive basal morphology allows for the evolution of erosion-deposition-depths, incorporating the inherent physical process and rheological changes of the flowing mixture. With rigorous derivation, we show that appropriate incorporation of the mass and momentum productions and losses in conservative model formulation is essential for the physically correct and mathematically consistent description of erosion-entrainment-deposition processes. Simulation indicates a sharp erosion-front and steady-state-rear erosion depth. The model appropriately captures the emergence and propagation of complex frontal surge dynamics associated with the frontal ambient-drag which is a new hypothesis associated with erosion. The novel enhanced real two-phase model also allows for simulating fluid-run-off during the deposition process. The model resembles laboratory experiments for particle-fluid mixture flows and reveals some major aspects of the mechanics associated with erosion, entrainment and deposition. Reference: Shiva P. Pudasaini (2012): A general two-phase debris flow model. J. Geophys. Res., 117, F03010, doi: 10.1029/2011JF002186.

  7. Digital Three-Dimensional Atlas of Quail Development Using High-Resolution MRI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seth W. Ruffins

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available We present an archetypal set of three-dimensional digital atlases of the quail embryo based on microscopic magnetic resonance imaging (μMRI. The atlases are composed of three modules: (1 images of fixed ex ovo quail, ranging in age from embryonic day 5 to 10 (e05 to e10; (2 a coarsely delineated anatomical atlas of the μMRI data; and (3 an organ system-based hierarchical graph linked to the anatomical delineations. The atlas is designed to be accessed using SHIVA, a free Java application. The atlas is extensible and can contain other types of information including anatomical, physiological, and functional descriptors. It can also be linked to online resources and references. This digital atlas provides a framework to place various data types, such as gene expression and cell migration data, within the normal three-dimensional anatomy of the developing quail embryo. This provides a method for the analysis and examination of the spatial relationships among the different types of information within the context of the entire embryo.

  8. Radiation magnetohydrodynamic simulation of plasma formed on a surface by a megagauss field.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Esaulov, A A; Bauer, B S; Makhin, V; Siemon, R E; Lindemuth, I R; Awe, T J; Reinovsky, R E; Struve, K W; Desjarlais, M P; Mehlhorn, T A

    2008-03-01

    Radiation magnetohydrodynamic modeling is used to study the plasma formed on the surface of a cylindrical metallic load, driven by megagauss magnetic field at the 1MA Zebra generator (University of Nevada, Reno). An ionized aluminum plasma is used to represent the "core-corona" behavior in which a heterogeneous Z-pinch consists of a hot low-density corona surrounding a dense low-temperature core. The radiation dynamics model included simultaneously a self-consistent treatment of both the opaque and transparent plasma regions in a corona. For the parameters of this experiment, the boundary of the opaque plasma region emits the major radiation power with Planckian black-body spectrum in the extreme ultraviolet corresponding to an equilibrium temperature of 16 eV. The radiation heat transport significantly exceeds the electron and ion kinetic heat transport in the outer layers of the opaque plasma. Electromagnetic field energy is partly radiated (13%) and partly deposited into inner corona and core regions (87%). Surface temperature estimates are sensitive to the radiation effects, but the surface motion in response to pressure and magnetic forces is not. The general results of the present investigation are applicable to the liner compression experiments at multi-MA long-pulse current accelerators such as Atlas and Shiva Star. Also the radiation magnetohydrodynamic model discussed in the paper may be useful for understanding key effects of wire array implosion dynamics.

  9. Comparative Study of Christian Trinity and Indian Trimurty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alireza Farhang Ghahfarokhi

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available   Belief to the holy Trinity is the most critical axiom of Christian theology which has been criticized more than the others by the two Abrahamic religions, that is Judaism and Islam. The holy Quran calls it blasphemy and heresy in original Christianity but Christians whom call themselves Unitarian, interpret this Trinity in view of Unity so they believe that this antinomy is a mystery.   When studying other traditions we encounter ternaries which of course the Indian Trimurti: Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva is the most important one. These two ternaries have simibrities and differences this Trimurti has had deep effects on the Indian society in the case that each of these Gods are appreciated and prayed independently in a pantheistic system. In this article, free from inter religion viewpoints we assess the essence of Trinity from the metaphysical viewpoint and it’s relation to Unity. Finally after investigating the meaning of Christian Trinity and Indian Trimurti we go to the comparative study of these two ternaries. 

  10. Combination of cold atmospheric plasma and iron nanoparticles in breast cancer: gene expression and apoptosis study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jalili A

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Azam Jalili,1 Shiva Irani,1 Reza Mirfakhraie2 1Department of Biology, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, 2Department of Medical Genetics, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran Background: Current cancer treatments have unexpected side effects of which the death of normal cells is one. In some cancers, iron nanoparticles (NPs can be subjected to diagnosis and passive targeting treatment. Cold atmospheric plasma (CAP has a proven induction of selective cell death ability. In this study, we have attempted to analyze the synergy between CAP and iron NPs in human breast adenocarcinoma cells (MCF-7.Materials and methods: In vitro cytotoxicity of CAP treatment and NPs in cells measured by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT assay and cell death was shown by 4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole and annexin V staining. Fluctuations in BAX and BCL-2 gene expression were investigated by means of real-time polymerase chain reaction.Results: MTT assay results showed that combination of plasma and iron NPs decreased the viability of cancer cells significantly (P<0.05. Real-time analysis showed that the combination therapy induced shifting the BAX/BCL-2 ratio in favor of apoptosis.Conclusion: Our data indicate that synergy between CAP and iron NPs can be applied in breast cancer treatment selectively. Keywords: breast cancer, cold atmospheric plasma, iron nanoparticles, BAX, BCL-2

  11. Psychometric properties of the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale in patients with gambling disorders, hypersexuality, and methamphetamine dependence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reid, Rory C; Cyders, Melissa A; Moghaddam, Jacquelene F; Fong, Timothy W

    2014-11-01

    Although the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS; Patton, Stanford, & Barratt, 1995) is a widely-used self-report measure of impulsivity, there have been numerous questions about the invariance of the factor structure across clinical populations (Haden & Shiva, 2008, 2009; Ireland & Archer, 2008). The goal of this article is to examine the factor structure of the BIS among a sample consisting of three populations exhibiting addictive behaviors and impulsivity: pathological gamblers, hypersexual patients, and individuals seeking treatment for methamphetamine dependence to determine if modification to the existing factors might improve the psychometric properties of the BIS. The current study found that the factor structure of the BIS does not replicate in this sample and instead produces a 12-item three-factor solution consisting of motor-impulsiveness (5 items), non-planning impulsiveness (3 items), and immediacy impulsiveness (4 items). The clinical utility of the BIS in this population is questionable. The authors suggest future studies to investigate comparisons with this modified version of the BIS and other impulsivity scales such as the UPPS-P Impulsive Behavior Scale in clinical populations when assessing disposition toward rash action.

  12. Ayurvedic management of spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia tarda, a rare hereditary disorder

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarvesh Kumar Singh

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia tarda (SEDT is a rare genetic disease in which patient suffers from short stature, short trunk and neck with disproportionately long arms, coxa vara, skeletal features such as barrel shaped chest, kyphosis, scoliosis and early arthropathy. Only limited medical and surgical management is available in modern medicine. A 15 years old male suffering from SEDT and diagnosed as Vata vyadhi was treated with Panchakarma therapy and selected Ayurvedic oral medicines. Ayurvedic treatment was directed to ameliorate the orthopaedic clinical conditions in this case. Panchakarma procedures such as Shalishastika pinda svedana for a month and Mustadi yapana basti for 16 days were given along with oral Ayurvedic medicines. Same Panchakarma procedures were repeated after an interval of 2 months. A combination of Ayurvedic oral medicines such as Trayodashanga guggulu-500 mg twice a day, Dashmool kvatha (decoction of roots of 10 herbs 40 ml twice a day, Eranda paka 10 g twice a day, Shiva gutika-500 mg twice a day and Dashmoolarista-20 ml (with equal water twice a day were prescribed. Eight scales based Medical outcome study (MOS – 36 item short form – health surveys was assessed for outcome which shows good improvement. Kyphosis, scoliosis and pain were moderately reduced. Clinical experience of this case indicates that Ayurvedic herbs along with Panchakarma can play a major role in the management of hereditary disorder SEDT.

  13. Tlazolteotl, the Aztec goddess of epilepsy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ladino, Lady Diana; Téllez-Zenteno, José Francisco

    2016-04-01

    Epilepsy has afflicted humanity during most of the extent of documented history. The Aztecs believed that illnesses were punishments that were sent from a furious goddess. In particular, epilepsy was considered in Aztec culture as a "sacred disease", and convulsions were traditionally associated with a deified woman who had died at childbirth. As the goddess Shiva and Apasmâra in ancient India and Saint Valentine in Germany, Tlazolteotl was considered able to bring about and send away epilepsy. We performed a comprehensive review to identify Tlazolteotl depictions and its historical context related with epilepsy. Tlazolteotl is one of the most endearing and complex goddesses of the Mesoamericans. She was the deity of the black fertile and fecund earth that gains its energy from death and in turn feeds life. Associated with purification, expiation, and regeneration, she embodied fertility and turned all garbage, physical and metaphysical, into rich life. This article reviews the most relevant artistic works related with Tlazolteotl. We also present a modern depiction of the Aztec goddess of epilepsy from the Mexican artist Eduardo Urbano Merino, displaying the supernatural view of epilepsy in America. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. Natureza: um ecossistema vivo do qual brota toda a vida

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maude Barlow

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1807-1384.2012v9n1p1 O mundo precisa da Declaração Universal dos Direitos da Mãe Terra e todos os seres humanos precisam internalizar seus princípios para que o Planeta, e nós, possamos sobreviver. Tradução para língua portuguesa por Luiz Fernando Scheibe, doutor em Ciências pelo instituto de Geociências da Universidade de São Paulo (USP Professor titular aposentado do Centro de Filosofia e Ciências Humanas da Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (UFSC. Capítulo traduzido: Nature: A Living Ecosystem From Which All Life Springs do livro The Rights of Nature – The case for a Universal Declaration of the Rights of Mother Earth, de autoria de: Evo Morales Ayma; Maude Barlow; Nnimmo Bassey; Shannon Biggs; Cormac Cullinan; Eduardo Galeano; Tom B.K. Goldtooth; Pat Mooney; Vandana Shiva; Pablo Solón; e outros. San Francisco (EUA: Council of Canadians, Fundación Pachamama, Global Exchange, 2011, p. 20-27.

  15. Numerical studies of liners for magnetized target fusion (MTF)

    CERN Document Server

    Faehl, R J; Sheehey, P T; Lindemuth, I R

    1999-01-01

    Summary form only given. Magnetized target fusion (MTF) requires the fast compression of hot, dense plasmas by a conducting liner. We have used two-dimensional MHD calculations to study the electromagnetic implosion of metallic liners driven by realistic current waveforms. Parametric studies have indicated that the liner should reach velocities of 3-20 km/s, depending on the magnetic field configuration, and reach convergence ratios (initial radius divided by final radius) of at least 10. These parameters are accessible with large capacitor bank power supplies such as SHIVA or ATLAS, or with magnetic flux compression generators. One issue with the high currents that are required to implode the liner is that Ohmic heating will melt or vaporize the outer part of the liner. Calculations have shown that this is a realistic concern. We are currently addressing questions of liner instability and flux diffusion under MTF conditions. Another issue is that the magnetic fields needed to inhibit thermal losses to the wa...

  16. Highlights from the 2016 WIN Symposium, 27-29 June 2016, Paris: personalised therapy beyond next-generation sequencing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schilsky, Richard; Davies, Will

    2016-01-01

    The Worldwide Innovative Networking (WIN) consortium is an alliance of academic institutions, pharmaceutical partners, representatives from technology companies and charitable/health payer organisations from across the globe. For the last six years, the consortium's aims have been to foster communication and collaboration between members, encourage dialogue in an open forum, and deliver clinical trial results that improve the care and outcomes of patients with cancer using the latest advances in genomic-based medicine. The annual WIN Symposium, held over two days, is a chance for its members to come together and discuss ongoing research, recent announcements, and introduce new developments in personalised medicine. This year's conference, held in Paris, France 27-29 June, consisted of six dedicated sessions, including two debates, and posters from members and participating organisations, all focusing on the latest therapeutic advances and updates in genomic analysis. Special highlights from this year included discussion of the MINDACT clinical trial, which uses a gene expression test to identify patients with breast cancer who can safely forego adjuvant chemotherapy, and the reflections on the SHIVA trial. Of particular interest to many speakers was the utilisation of liquid biopsy samples to produce near real time snapshots of tumour mutational profiles and vulnerability.

  17. Highlights from the 2016 WIN Symposium, 27–29 June 2016, Paris: personalised therapy beyond next-generation sequencing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schilsky, Richard; Davies, Will

    2016-01-01

    The Worldwide Innovative Networking (WIN) consortium is an alliance of academic institutions, pharmaceutical partners, representatives from technology companies and charitable/health payer organisations from across the globe. For the last six years, the consortium’s aims have been to foster communication and collaboration between members, encourage dialogue in an open forum, and deliver clinical trial results that improve the care and outcomes of patients with cancer using the latest advances in genomic-based medicine. The annual WIN Symposium, held over two days, is a chance for its members to come together and discuss ongoing research, recent announcements, and introduce new developments in personalised medicine. This year’s conference, held in Paris, France 27–29 June, consisted of six dedicated sessions, including two debates, and posters from members and participating organisations, all focusing on the latest therapeutic advances and updates in genomic analysis. Special highlights from this year included discussion of the MINDACT clinical trial, which uses a gene expression test to identify patients with breast cancer who can safely forego adjuvant chemotherapy, and the reflections on the SHIVA trial. Of particular interest to many speakers was the utilisation of liquid biopsy samples to produce near real time snapshots of tumour mutational profiles and vulnerability. PMID:27610195

  18. Circulating tumor DNA as a non-invasive substitute to metastasis biopsy for tumor genotyping and personalized medicine in a prospective trial across all tumor types.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lebofsky, Ronald; Decraene, Charles; Bernard, Virginie; Kamal, Maud; Blin, Anthony; Leroy, Quentin; Rio Frio, Thomas; Pierron, Gaëlle; Callens, Céline; Bieche, Ivan; Saliou, Adrien; Madic, Jordan; Rouleau, Etienne; Bidard, François-Clément; Lantz, Olivier; Stern, Marc-Henri; Le Tourneau, Christophe; Pierga, Jean-Yves

    2015-04-01

    Cell-free tumor DNA (ctDNA) has the potential to enable non-invasive diagnostic tests for personalized medicine in providing similar molecular information as that derived from invasive tumor biopsies. The histology-independent phase II SHIVA trial matches patients with targeted therapeutics based on previous screening of multiple somatic mutations using metastatic biopsies. To evaluate the utility of ctDNA in this trial, as an ancillary study we performed de novo detection of somatic mutations using plasma DNA compared to metastasis biopsies in 34 patients covering 18 different tumor types, scanning 46 genes and more than 6800 COSMIC mutations with a multiplexed next-generation sequencing panel. In 27 patients, 28 of 29 mutations identified in metastasis biopsies (97%) were detected in matched ctDNA. Among these 27 patients, one additional mutation was found in ctDNA only. In the seven other patients, mutation detection from metastasis biopsy failed due to inadequate biopsy material, but was successful in all plasma DNA samples providing three more potential actionable mutations. These results suggest that ctDNA analysis is a potential alternative and/or replacement to analyses using costly, harmful and lengthy tissue biopsies of metastasis, irrespective of cancer type and metastatic site, for multiplexed mutation detection in selecting personalized therapies based on the patient's tumor genetic content.

  19. Tritium management in fusion reactors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Galloway, T.R.

    1978-05-01

    This is a review paper covering the key environmental and safety issues and how they have been handled in the various magnetic and inertial confinement concepts and reference designs. The issues treated include: tritium accident analyses, tritium process control, occupational safety, HTO formation rate from the gas-phase, disposal of tritium contaminated wastes, and environmental impact--each covering the Joint European Tokamak (J.E.T. experiment), Tokamak Fusion Test Reactor (TFTR), Russian T-20, The Next Step (TNS) designs by Westinghouse/ORNL and General Atomic/ANL, the ANL and ORNL EPR's, the G.A. Doublet Demonstration Reactor, the Italian Fintor-D and the ORNL Demo Studies. There are also the following full scale plant reference designs: UWMAK-III, LASL's Theta Pinch Reactor Design (RTPR), Mirror Fusion Reactor (MFR), Tandem Mirror Reactor (TMR), and the Mirror Hybrid Reactor (MHR). There are four laser device breakeven experiments, SHIVA-NOVA, LLL reference designs, ORNL Laser Fusion power plant, the German ''Saturn,'' and LLL's Laser Fusion EPR I and II.

  20. Investigating the impact of global climatic and landuse changes on groundwater resources in hard rock areas of South India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferrant, S.; Perrin, J.; Marechal, J.; Dewandel, B.; Aulong, S.; Ahmed, S.

    2010-12-01

    In most parts of India, and particularly in South India, groundwater levels are hazardously declining, while agricultural groundwater use is increasing. The current issue is to address the probable evolution of water table levels in relation with climate and agricultural changes. The aim of the SHIVA-ANR project (http://www.shiva-anr.org) is to provide some indicators of the water availability at the village scale to evaluate the vulnerability of farmers facing global changes. This study focuses on a particularly water stressed semi-arid area of South India characterized by hard rock geology with naturally low recharge capacity and limited surface water availability. The study catchment is located in the agricultural area of the Kudaliar river watershed (980km^2) located 50 km north of Hyderabad, India. It is composed of about 120 villages. Socio economic surveys have been carried out at the village scale to evaluate the present socio-economic situation of farmers. It also provides more details on various cultural and irrigation practices at this scale. The landuse has been evaluated by remote sensing with two satellite images, one after monsoon (October 2009), and the other during dry season (March 2010). Groundwater-irrigated rice paddies represent about 10% of the area, whereas rainfed crop (corn and cotton) represent about 45%. Numerous small tanks (reservoir) situated on the river network define a water harvesting system of 2% of the catchment area which captures surface runoff during monsoon. No discharges data are available at the outlet, as the river is dry most of the year. A hydro-geological survey has been carried out to provide a map of aquifer thickness and the general state of the groundwater level before and after monsoon. The Soil Water Assessment Tool model (SWAT) has been calibrated to assess the water budget of the agricultural catchment under present conditions. Soil parameters calibration is made first on seasonal groundwater recharge for

  1. Process technology and effects of spallation products: Circuit components, maintenance, and handling

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sigg, B.; Haines, S.J.; Dressler, R.; McManamy, T.

    1996-06-01

    Working Session D included an assessment of the status of the technology and components required to: (1) remove impurities from the liquid metal (mercury or Pb-Bi) target flow loop including the effects of spallation products, (2) provide the flow parameters necessary for target operations, and (3) maintain the target system. A series of brief presentations were made to focus the discussion on these issues. The subjects of these presentations, and presenters were: (1) Spallation products and solubilities - R. Dressler; (2) Spallation products for Pb-Bi - Y. Orlov; (3) Clean/up/impurity removal components - B. Sigg; (4) {open_quotes}Road-Map{close_quotes} and remote handling needs - T. McManamy; (5) Remote handling issues and development - M. Holding. The overall conclusion of this session was that, with the exception of (i) spallation product related processing issues, (ii) helium injection and clean-up, and (iii) specialized remote handling equipment, the technology for all other circuit components (excluding the target itself) exists. Operating systems at the Institute of Physics in Riga, Latvia (O. Lielausis) and at Ben-Gurion University in Beer Shiva, Israel (S. Lesin) have demonstrated that other liquid metal circuit components including pumps, heat exchangers, valves, seals, and piping are readily available and have been reliably used for many years. In the three areas listed above, the designs and analysis are not judged to be mature enough to determine whether and what types of technology development are required. Further design and analysis of the liquid metal target system is therefore needed to define flow circuit processing and remote handling equipment requirements and thereby identify any development needs.

  2. 《美容整形外科》(Aesthetic Plastic Surgery)2001年第25卷第4期目录

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    Aesthetic Plastic Surgery Volume 25 , Number 4, 2001 249 The Value of a New Filler Material in Corrective and Cosmetic Surgery: DermaLive and DermaDeep Catherine Bergeret-Galley , Xavier Latouche , Yves-Gérard Illouz 256 Fat Transplantation for Soft Tissue Augmentation in the Lower Limbs M. Stampos, P. Xepoulias 262 The Effect of Reduction of the Peripheral Fat Content by Liposuction-Assisted Lipectomy (SAL) on Serum Leptin Levels in the Postoperative Period: A Prospective Study Ran Talisman, Nik Belinson, Dalit Modan-Moses, Hana Canti, Arie Orenstein, Zohar,Barzilai, Gideon Parret 266 Short Columella Nasolabial Complex in Aesthetic Rhinoplasty A. Aldo Mottura 273 Nasal Reconstruction After Epithelioma Salvador Rodriguez-Camps 278 PVP Breast Implants After Two Years: Initial Results of a Prospective Study Henrik Menke , H. GrUbmeyer, E. Biemer, R. R. Olbrisch 283 Mammographic Findings Following Reduction Mammoplasty Dimitrios Danikas, Spero J. V. Theodorou, George Kokkalis, Katerina Vasiou, Konstantina K yriakopoulou 286 Unsatisfactory Results of Periareolar Mastopexy With or Without Augmentation and Reduction Mammoplasty: Enlarged Areola With Flattened Nipple Cihat N. Baran, Fatih Peker , Turgut Ortak , Omer Sensoz , Namik K. Baran 290 Postoperative Compression After Breast Augmentation Bassem Nathan, Shiva Singh 292 Breast Augmentation with Fresh-Frozen Homologous Fat Grafts J. Haik, R. Talisman, J. Tamir, J. Frand, E. Gazit, J. Schibi, A. Glicksman, A. Orenstein 295 Upper Eyelid Mycobacterial Infection Following Oriental Blepharoplasty in a Pulmonary Tuberculosis Patient Samuel H. T. Chen, Chun-Hua Wang, Hung-Chi Chen, George C. J. Weng, Paul-Yann Lin, Fu-Chan Wei 299 Clinical Facial Photography in a Small Office:Lighting Equipment and Technique Fabio Meneghini 307 Specific Requirements for Preoperative and Postoperative Photos Used in Publication Irene Talamas and Luis Pando 311 Announcements

  3. An airborne perfluorocarbon tracer system and its first application for a Lagrangian experiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ren, Y.; Baumann, R.; Schlager, H.

    2015-01-01

    A perfluorocarbon tracer system (PERTRAS), specifically designed for Lagrangian aircraft experiments, has been developed by the Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt (German Aerospace Center, DLR). It consists of three main parts: a tracer release unit (RU), an adsorption tube sampler (ATS), and a tracer analytical system. The RU was designed for airborne tracer release experiments; meanwhile, it can be used on various platforms for different experimental purposes (here research vessel). PERTRAS was for the first time applied in the field campaign Stratospheric ozone: Halogen Impacts in a Varying Atmosphere (SHIVA) in November 2011. An amount of 8.8 kg perfluoromethylcyclopentane (PMCP) was released aboard the research vessel Sonne (RV Sonne) near the operational site of this campaign, Miri, Malaysia, on 21 November. The tracer samples collected using the ATS onboard the DLR research aircraft Falcon were analyzed in the laboratory using a thermal desorber-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (TD-GC-MS) system. Guided by forecasts calculated with the Lagrangian model Hybrid Single Particle Lagrangian Integrated Trajectory (HYSPLIT), 64 tracer samples were collected onboard the Falcon approximately 5 and 25 h after the release, mostly with a time resolution of 1 min. Enhanced PMCP concentrations relative to ambient PMCP background values (mean: 6.62 fmol mol-1) were detected during three intersects of the fresh tracer plume (age 5 h), with a maximum value of 301.33 fmol mol-1. This indicates that the fresh tracer plume was successfully intercepted at the forecast position. During the second flight, 25 h after the release, the center of tracer plume was not detected by the sampling system due to a faster advection of the plume than forecast. The newly developed PERTRAS system has been successfully deployed for the first time. The instrumental setup and comparisons between the measurements and HYSPLIT simulations are presented in this study.

  4. An airborne perfluorocarbon tracer system and its first application for a Lagrangian experiment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Y. Ren

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available A perfluorocarbon tracer system (PERTRAS, specifically designed for Lagrangian aircraft experiments, has been developed by the Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt (German Aerospace Center, DLR. It consists of three main parts: a tracer release unit (RU, an adsorption tube sampler (ATS and a tracer analytical system. The RU was designed for airborne tracer release experiments; meanwhile, it can be used on various platforms for different experimental purpose (here research vessel. PERTRAS was for the first time applied in the field campaign Stratospheric ozone: halogen Impacts in a Varying Atmosphere (SHIVA in November 2011. An amount of 8.8 kg perfluoromethylcyclopentane (PMCP was released aboard the research vessel Sonne (RV Sonne near the operational site of this campaign, Miri, Malaysia, on 21 November. The tracer samples collected using the ATS on board the DLR research aircraft Falcon were analyzed in the laboratory using a thermal desorber/gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (TD/GC/MS system. Guided by forecasts calculated with the Lagrangian model, Hybrid Single Particle Lagrangian Integrated Trajectory (HYSPLIT, 64 tracer samples were collected onboard the Falcon approximately 5 and 25 h after the release, respectively, mostly with a time resolution of 1 min. Enhanced PMCP concentrations relative to ambient PMCP background values (mean: 6.62 fmol mol−1 were detected during three intersects of the fresh tracer plume (age 5 h, with a maximum value of 301.33 fmol mol−1. This indicates that the fresh tracer plume was successfully intercepted at the forecasted position. During the second flight, 25 h after the release, the center of tracer plume was not detected by the sampling system due to a faster advection of the plume than forecasted. The newly developed PERTRAS system has been successfully deployed for the first time. The instrumental set-up and comparisons between the measurements and HYSPLIT simulations are presented in

  5. The contribution of oceanic halocarbons to marine and free tropospheric air over the tropical West Pacific

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fuhlbrügge, Steffen; Quack, Birgit; Tegtmeier, Susann; Atlas, Elliot; Hepach, Helmke; Shi, Qiang; Raimund, Stefan; Krüger, Kirstin

    2016-06-01

    Emissions of halogenated very-short-lived substances (VSLSs) from the oceans contribute to the atmospheric halogen budget and affect tropospheric and stratospheric ozone. Here, we investigate the contribution of natural oceanic VSLS emissions to the marine atmospheric boundary layer (MABL) and their transport into the free troposphere (FT) over the tropical West Pacific. The study concentrates on bromoform, dibromomethane and methyl iodide measured on ship and aircraft during the SHIVA (Stratospheric Ozone: Halogen Impacts in a Varying Atmosphere) campaign in the South China and Sulu seas in November 2011. Elevated oceanic concentrations for bromoform, dibromomethane and methyl iodide of on average 19.9, 5.0 and 3.8 pmol L-1, in particular close to Singapore and to the coast of Borneo, with high corresponding oceanic emissions of 1486, 405 and 433 pmol m-2 h-1 respectively, characterise this tropical region as a strong source of these compounds. Atmospheric mixing ratios in the MABL were unexpectedly relatively low with 2.08, 1.17 and 0.39 ppt for bromoform, dibromomethane and methyl iodide. We use meteorological and chemical ship and aircraft observations, FLEXPART trajectory calculations and source-loss estimates to identify the oceanic VSLS contribution to the MABL and to the FT. Our results show that the well-ventilated MABL and intense convection led to the low atmospheric mixing ratios in the MABL despite the high oceanic emissions. Up to 45 % of the accumulated bromoform in the FT above the region originates from the local South China Sea area, while dibromomethane is largely advected from distant source regions and the local ocean only contributes 20 %. The accumulated methyl iodide in the FT is higher than can be explained with local contributions. Possible reasons, uncertainties and consequences of our observations and model estimates are discussed.

  6. CARIBIC observations of short-lived halocarbons and carbonyl sulphide over Asia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leedham, E.; Wisher, A.; Oram, D.; Baker, A. K.; Brenninkmeijer, C. A.

    2013-12-01

    The CARIBIC project (Civil Aircraft for the Regular Investigation of the atmosphere Based on an Instrument Container, www.caribic-atmospheric.com) aims to investigate the spatial and temporal distribution of a wide-range of compounds, including those of marine origin/influence, via ~monthly flights to collect in situ data and whole air samples aboard a commercial Lufthansa aircraft. CARIBIC measures up to an altitude of 12 km, allowing the influence of marine compounds on the upper troposphere/lower stratosphere (UTLS) to be explored. In particular, CARIBIC is a useful tool for exploring the impact of very short lived halocarbons (e.g. CH2Br2, CHBr3), whose impact on stratospheric ozone is dependent on convective uplift to the UTLS, a process which is not yet fully quantified. As part of the suite of CARIBIC measurements, whole air samples are analysed at the University of East Anglia (UEA) via gas chromatography mass spectrometry for carbonyl sulphide (OCS) and up to 40 halocarbons (accounting for virtually 100% of organic chlorine, bromine and iodine in the UTLS). Here we present an overview of short-lived halocarbons and OCS measured by CARIBIC. We focus on two regions of particular interest. (1) measurements made in 2012 over the tropical west Pacific to link with UEA measurements made during the SHIVA campaign. (2) measurements made during a collection of flights over India in 2008. Flights over India investigated the impact of monsoon circulation on the distribution of these compounds; for example, elevated concentrations of OCS were seen in CARIBIC samples taken over India during the summer monsoon (July - September). These flights, along with a wider range of flights over Asia (from Frankfurt to Guangzhou, Manila, Bangkok and Kuala Lumpur) can provide unique information on the influence of tropical convection and monsoon circulation on halocarbon and OCS transport within this region.

  7. Control computers and automation subsystem equipment in Del'fin facility

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Allin, A.P.; Belen' kiy, Yu.M.; Borzyak, Yu.V.; Bykovskiy, N.E.; Grigor' ev, V.E.; Gusyatnikov, B.S.; Doroshkevich, I.L.; Ivanov, V.V.; Kuchinskiy, A.G.; Savchenko, V.M.

    1983-01-01

    The power equipment of the Del'fin laser facility contains a 10/sup 7/ J capacitor bank divided into four identical sections feeding a power preamplifier and three output stages each, with 328 IFP-20,000 flash tubes designed to produce 2.5 kJ laser radiation. The system for controlling and automating laser experiments, modeled after the SHIVA system (Lawrence Livermore Laboratory), includes a computer complex in the central console and the sequential ring bus, with CAMAC peripheral stations inside the optical chamber including three microcomputers (Polon, Nuclear Enterprise, HENESA). The control computer with a 28 K memory is linked to the CAMAC stations and to a terminal DECWRITER-II. The system crate contains a 9030/32 interface, a 3992 driver for the sequential bus, and a 064 LAM GRADER interrogation processing module. The computer complex also includes an RSX-11M multiprogram multipurpose real-time disk operating system which uses standard DECNET-11 software and includes a translator from MACRO-11 assembler language to FORTRAN-4, BASIC-11, COBOL and a few other languages. The laser power is automatically controlled through the CAMAC stations according to a main program as well as dialog maintenance programs (BCE, KASKN, KASN, DIAL, STRB, MODB, BKYM, STRB, BKYB, BKY) and measurement programs (CONTRO, CNTRO, KOD) designed to ensure simple and reliable high-speed control of laser experiments. All alignment and regulation of the laser facility is automated through optical channels (aligning LTI-501 laser, collimators, lenses, auxiliary optics) and servomechanisms (coordinate photoreceiver-homing signal module-step motors) designed for positioning and orientating mirrors 80 mm and 30 mm in diameter. 25 references, 31 figures, 2 tables.

  8. Final Report: Radiation-magnetohydrodynamic evolution and instability of conductors driven by megagauss magnetic fields

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bauer, Bruno, S.; Siemon, Richard, E.

    2008-10-22

    We are pleased to report important progress in experimentally characterizing and numerically modeling the transformation into plasma of walls subjected to pulsed megagauss magnetic fields. Understanding this is important to Magnetized Target Fusion (MTF) because an important limitation to the metal liner approach to MTF comes from the strong eddy current heating on the surface of the metal liner. This has intriguing non-linear aspects when the magnetic field is in the megagauss regime as needed for MTF, and may limit the magnetic field in an MTF implosion. Many faculty, students, and staff have contributed to this work, and, implicitly or explicitly, to this report. Contributors include, in addition to the PIs, Andrey Esaulov, Stephan Fuelling, Irvin Lindemuth, Volodymyr Makhin, Ioana Paraschiv, Milena Angelova, Tom Awe, Tasha Goodrich, Arunkumar Prasadam, Andrew Oxner, Bruno Le Galloudec, Radu Presura, and Vladimir Ivanov. Highlights of the progress made during the grant include: • 12 articles published, and 44 conference and workshop presentations made, on a broad range of issues related to this project; • An ongoing experiment that uses the 1 MA, 100-ns Zebra z-pinch at UNR to apply 2 5 megagauss to a variety of metal surfaces, examining plasma formation and evolution; • Numerical simulation studies of the 1-MA Zebra, and potential Shiva Star and Atlas experiments that include realistic equations of state and radiation effects, using a variety of tables. • Collaboration with other groups doing simulations of this experiment at LANL, VNIIEF, SNL, and NumerEx leading to a successful international workshop at UNR in the spring of 2008.

  9. High altitude pulmonary edema among "Amarnath Yatris"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Parvaiz A Koul

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Annual pilgrimage (Yatra to the cave shrine of Shri Amarnath Ji′ is a holy ritual among the Hindu devotees of Lord Shiva. Located in the Himalayan Mountain Range (altitude 13,000 ft in south Kashmir, the shrine is visited by thousands of devotees and altitude sickness is reportedly common. Materials and Methods: More than 600,000 pilgrims visited the cave shrine in 2011 and 2012 with 239 recorded deaths. Thirty one patients with suspected altitude sickness were referred from medical centers en-route the cave to Sher-i-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, a tertiary-care center in capital Srinagar (5,000 ft. The clinical features and the response to treatment were recorded. Results: Thirty-one patients (all lowlanders, 19 male; age 18-60 years, median 41 had presented with acute onset breathlessness of 1-4 days (median 1.9 d starting within 12-24 h of a rapid ascent; accompanied by cough (68%, headache (8%, dizziness and nausea (65%. Sixteen patients had associated encephalopathy. Clinical features on admission included tachypnea ( n = 31, tachycardia ( n = 23, bilateral chest rales ( n = 29, cyanosis ( n = 22 and grade 2-4 encephalopathy. Hypoxemia was demonstrable in 24 cases and bilateral infiltrates on radiologic imaging in 29. Ten patients had evidence of high-altitude cerebral edema. All patients were managed with oxygen, steroids, nifedipine, sildenafil and other supportive measures including invasive ventilation ( n = 3. Three patients died due to multiorgan dysfunction. Conclusions: Altitude sickness is common among Amaranath Yatris from the plains and appropriate educational strategies should be invoked for prevention and prompt treatment.

  10. Radioactive wastes conditioning; Le conditionnement des dechets nucleaires

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Beauvy, M.; Berthoud, G.; Defranceschi, M.; Ducros, G.; Guerin, Y.; Latge, C.; Limoge, Y.; Madic, C.; Moisy, P.; Santarini, G.; Seiler, J.M.; Sollogoub, P.; Vernaz, E.; Advocat, T.; Andrieux, C.; Bardez, I.; Bart, F.; Boen, R.; Bourniol, P.; Brunel, G.; Chartier, D.; Cau dit Coumes, C.; Delaye, J.M.; Deschanels, X.; Faure, S.; Ferry, C.; Fillet, C.; Fournel, B.; Frizon, F.; Galle, C.; Gin, S.; Girold, C.; Grandjean, A.; Hudry, D.; Joussot-Dubien, C.; Lambertin, D.; Ledieu, A.; Lemont, F.; Moulin, N.; Peuget, S.; Pinet, O.; Piron, J.P.; Ranc, G.; Ribet, I.; Sarrade, S.; Tribet, M.; Pradel, P.; Bonnin, B.; Bouquin, B.; Dozol, M.; Lecomte, M.; Forestier, A.; Bazile, F.; Parisot, J.F.; Finot, P

    2008-07-01

    Very early in its history, nuclear industry has taken care of the future of its wastes. Cementation processes for medium-level activity wastes, vitrification processes for minor actinide solutions and fission products are now proven technologies. The conditioning of wastes is just one ink in the full chain of the waste management process. However, this link is of prime importance because the future of the waste depends on the way it is conditioned. Reciprocally, the storage and disposal largely rely on the confidence given to the behaviour of waste packages with time. The leading role of France in the domain of radioactive wastes conditioning is a strong and valorisable asset at the international industrial plan, but also in terms of social acceptance by showing to the public that technical solutions exist. This monograph takes stock of the conditioning of nuclear wastes and describes the researches in progress, the stakes and the recent results obtained by the CEA (French atomic energy commission). Content: 1 - introduction: waste volumes and fluxes, management strategy, conditioning; 2 - decontamination processes and treatment processes for effluents and technological wastes; 3 - glasses, a long-lasting conditioning of wastes: glass package making, vitrification, glass formulation, structure and properties, long-term behaviour of glasses, cold crucible vitrification; 4 - present day conditioning of low- and medium-activity wastes: cements, bitumens, conditioning of metal structure wastes; 5 - search for alternate matrices and processes for the processing-conditioning of wastes: plasma-based processes for the incineration/vitrification of wastes, the Shiva process, alternate confinement materials, confinement of wastes from pyro-chemical processes; 6 - can the spent fuel be considered as a confinement matrix?: initial characteristics of spent fuels, evolution in dry storage environment, modeling of the spent fuel long-term behaviour, spent fuel containers in long

  11. Sexual behaviors among men who have sex with men: a quantitative cross sectional study in Kathmandu Valley, Nepal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mishra SR

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Shiva Raj Mishra,1 Vishnu Khanal2 1Naulo Ghumti Nepal,Tanahun, 2Sauraha Pharsatikar Village Development Committee, Ward 1, Rupandehi, Nepal Abstract: Unprotected sexual transmission is the cause of approximately 70%–80% of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV infections worldwide. Prevalence of HIV infection in 2011 was more than ten fold higher (3.8% among men who have sex with men (MSM than in the general population (0.33% in Nepal. This study aimed to explore sexual behaviors, and social and demographic characteristics of MSM in Kathmandu Valley, Nepal. A quantitative cross sectional study was conducted among 113 MSM. MSM is a hidden population in Nepalese society, therefore, it was difficult to construct a sample frame for this research so, respondent driven sampling was used which gives unbiased estimates of population parameters and has the potential to reach MSM, who are not easily accessible. A structured interview was used to obtain the information. The majority of respondents were above 20 years old (mean = 27.9 years, SD = 7.4 years. Most respondents were receptive, 43.4% identified themselves as Meti. Forty six percent of respondents were married. The majority had sex with males which was predominantly anal. MSM had an average number of 74 sex partners (last three months. Nearly 95% had used a condom, and 92% had used lubricant during their last sex act. Thirty eight percent perceived themselves as at risk of HIV. The majority knew of a place for confidential HIV testing in Kathmandu. This study highlights the importance of partner tracing during HIV counseling and testing, the importance of drop-in centers to increase access to condoms, and supports the need to increase comprehensive health services and peer led participatory behavioral change communication activities to this population in the national HIV response. Keywords: men who have sex with men, sexual behavior, cross sectional, quantitative, Nepal

  12. Sharing the Planet. Population - Consumption - Species. Science and Ethics for a Sustainable and Equitable World

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Van der Zwaan, B.; Petersen, A. (eds.)

    2003-11-01

    The world is going through the profound changes of a demographic transition. Population growth is best taken care of when women and men are able to choose freely and responsibly their number of children. The most important aspects are the availability of reliable and safe means and the access women have to knowledge, resources and decision power. General education is a prerequisite. (Groningen Manifesto, statement no. 7). The current international, political, economic and financial order still primarily reflects the claims of international trade. There is a lack of public awareness as to the inescapable limits of the planet's resources and we hardly seem to be moving towards a sustainable and equitable world. The contributors to this volume provide an up-to-date and forceful exposition of this problematique. In the aftermath of the World Summit on Sustainable Development held in Johannesburg, they suggest topical ways to alter the world's course. The keys to reaching a sustainable world, in which the planet is equitably shared among humans and other species, are to consider the impact of our collective actions at longer timescales and to deal head-on with the interconnected issues of population pressure, consumption volume and species loss. The volume displays a multidisciplinary and multicultural approach involving both scientific and ethical arguments. It is of interest to a wide audience of scholars and concerned citizens. With contributions by: Ernst Ulrich von Weizsaecker, Friedrich Schmidt-Bleek, Johan van Klinken, Anne Ehrlich, Sergey Kapitza, Roefie Hueting, Jan van Hooff, Lucas Reijnders, Arthur Petersen, Bob van der Zwaan, Vandana Shiva, Radha Holla, Koo van der Wal, Bas de Gaay Fortman, Atiq Rahman and Jane Goodall.

  13. Shock Waves Trigger Fault Weakening in Calcite-bearing Rocks During Earthquakes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spagnuolo, E.; Plumper, O.; Violay, M.; Cavallo, A.; Di Toro, G.

    2014-12-01

    The weakening mechanism of calcite-bearing rocks is still poorly understood though many major earthquakes stroke within carbonate sequences. Insights derive from the laboratory: in experiments performed on calcite-bearing gouges, up to 90% drop in friction is associated to grain size reduction to the nanoscale and the formation of crystal-plastic microstructures suggesting the activation of debated weakening mechanisms (e.g., grain boundary sliding and diffusion creep; nanopowder lubrication). Whatever the case, it is unclear how nanoparticles form and what their role is at the initiation of sliding. To investigate initial fault instability we sheared with a rotary shear apparatus SHIVA pre-cut ring-shaped solid cylinders (50/30 mm ext/int diameter) of Carrara marble (99.9% CaCO3). Rock cylinders were slid for few millimetres(0, 1.5 mm and 5mm) at accelerations (6.5 ms-2) and normal stresses (10 MPa) approaching seismic deformation conditions. Initial slip (nano-fracturing have occurred preserving the grain shape (pulverization) and (3) reaction products attributable to high pressure and high temperature conditions (i.e. calcite decomposition into amorphous carbon rimming the nanograins). All the above features are typical of shock-induced changes in minerals. We interpret the above observations as follows: pre-existing grain boundaries or newly formed defects are the nuclei for the generation of dislocations and for their pile-up; the fast release of those piles-up in avalanches under rapid stress loading (fast moving dislocations) may explain the origin of such a shock-like behaviour responsible for large initial frictional weakening. The passage of the shock wave induces pervasive nanofracturing with grain size reduction to the nano-scale and an abrupt temperature rise responsible for calcite decarbonation and formation of carbon amorphous material.

  14. Absenteeism movement in Greater Poland in 1840–1902

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Izabela Krasińska

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The article presents the origins and development of the idea of absenteeism in Greater Poland in the 19th century. The start date for the research is 1840, which is considered to be a breakthrough year in the history of an organized absenteeism movement in Greater Poland. It was due to the Association for the Suppression of the Use of Vodka (Towarzystwo ku Przytłumieniu Używania Wódki in the Great Duchy of Posen that was then established in Kórnik. It was a secular organization that came into being on an initiative of doctor De La Roch, who was a German surgeon of a French origin. However, as early as 1844, the idea of absenteeism raised an interest of catholic clergymen of Greater Poland with high ranking clergy such as Rev. Leon Michał Przyłuski, Archbishop of Gniezno and Rev. Jan Kanty Dąbrowski, Archbishop of Posen, and later on Archbishops Rev. Mieczysław Halka Ledóchowski and Rev. Florian Oksza Stablewski. They were fascinated with activities of Rev. Jan Nepomucen Fick, Parish Priest of Piekary Śląskie and several other priests on whose initiative a lot of church brotherhoods of so called holy continence were set up in Upper Silesia as early as the first half-year of 1844. It was due to Bishop Dąbrowski that 100 000 people took vows of absenteeism in 1844–1845, becoming members of brotherhoods of absenteeism. In turn, it was an initiative of Archbishop Przyłuski that Jesuit missionaries – Rev. Karol Bołoz Antoniewicz, Rev. Teofil Baczyński and Rev. Kamil Praszałowicz, arrived in Greater Poland from Galicia in 1852 to promote the idea of absenteeism. Starting from 1848, they were helping Silesian clergymen to spread absenteeism. Clergymen of Greater Poland were also active in secular absenteeism associations. They became involved in the workings of the Association for the Promotion of Absenteeism that was set up by Zygmunt Celichowski in Kórnik in 1887, and especially in the Jutrzenka Absenteeism Association

  15. Assessment of the risk of falling with the use of timed up and go test in the elderly with lower extremity osteoarthritis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zasadzka E

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Ewa Zasadzka,1 Adrianna Maria Borowicz,1 Magdalena Roszak,2 Mariola Pawlaczyk1 1Department of Geriatric Medicine and Gerontology, Karol Marcinkowski University of Medical Sciences, 2Department of Computer Science and Statistics, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland Background: Falling in the elderly results in a significant number of admissions to hospitals and long-term care facilities, especially among patients with lower extremity osteoarthritis (OA.Objective: The aim of the study was to assess the risk of falling in adults older than 60 years with OA using timed up and go (TUG test.Materials and methods: A total of 187 patients (aged >60 years were enrolled in the study. The assessment included: basic activities of daily living (ADLs, lower extremity strength with the use of the 30-second chair stand test (30 CST, and assessment of the risk of falling (TUG test. Pain intensity was evaluated with the numeric rating scale (NRS.Results: The TUG test results were significantly better in younger OA patients (aged 60–69 years, as compared with their older peers (aged 70–79 years; P<0.01 and the oldest group (aged >80 years; P<0.001. Also, the 30 CST results were significantly higher in younger OA patients (P<0.05. Subjects older than 80 years had a significantly worse ADL score (P<0.05 and P<0.001. Pain complaints were reported significantly more frequently by women than men (P<0.05. A correlation between age and the TUG test score (r=0.412; P<0.0004 as well as between the TUG test and the 30 CST scores (r=0.7368; P=0.000 was detected. In the group with the TUG test score of <13.5 seconds, the 30 CST (P<0.0001 and ADL (P<0.003 results were significantly better. A comparison of fallers vs nonfallers revealed that the number of falls was significantly higher in the group of subjects who scored $13.5 when compared to <13.5 (P=0.003. Fallers significantly more often reported pain (P<0.0001, whereas nonfallers had

  16. THOMAS AQUINAS’ PHILOSOPHY OF BEING AS THE BASIS FOR WOJTYLA’S CONCEPT AND COGNITION OF HUMAN PERSON

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Malgorzata Jalocho-Palicka

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The article makes a claim that Thomas Aquinas’ philosophy of being plays a fundamental role in Karol Wojtyła’s concept of person presented in his major anthropological work Osoba i czyn (known in English as The Acting person. Aquinas discovered that every being is composed of existence (being, esse and essence (essentia. Wojtyła builds his philosophy of personhood within this framework of esse (being, existence and essentia (essence. The moral and rational essence of human person, according to Wojtyła, is best revealed by specifically human, free and conscious, actions. That is why Wojtyła analyzes human person through his actions and discovers such essential structures of human reason and free will as self-cognition, self-knowledge, self-owning, self-ruling which make the ontic basis for selfgovernance. The immediate ground for Wojtyła’s analysis of person through his actions is the act and potency theory, developed by Aristotle and redefined by Thomas Aquinas in the light of the composition of being from esse and essentia. Every act reveals a correlated potency which otherwise would remain hidden and unknown. Potency-act theory characterizes not only two real states of every being, but also it is the adequate tool to describe every being’s becoming. It is not becoming out of nothingness, but on the ground and within the limits of already existing potency. A specifically human action (actus humanus discloses a specifically human potency-essence. Through his actions a man becomes good or bad as a man, depending on the moral quality of the actions. All these insights into man’s essence presented by Wojtyła emphasize the absolute primacy of a man’s existence (being, esse over his actions and over his becoming. Being (esse precedes acting and becoming. Without being (esse there would be no acting and no becoming (operari sequitur esse—first something must exist and only then it can act. Thus, as a contingent being, a man does

  17. Data pertaining to the outbreak of the Lithuanian insurrection (25 March 1831, retrieved from Swedish diplomatic sources

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Veniamin Ciobanu

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract:Similarly to the Polish insurrection of November 1830, the Lithuanian one, occurring in March 1831, retained the attention of the Swedish diplomacy from the very beginning. This was made possible, in the first place, by the fact that the events were connected by a strong link of causality, in the sense that they aimed at severing Poland and Lithuania from the political-institutional system of the Russian Empire and at reconstituting the old one, i.e. the Polish-Lithuanian Union. But the latter’s victory would have first resulted in the radical upheaval of the ratio of forces in North-Eastern Europe, which could have also affected the Swedish-Norwegian political-institutional system, since it was assumed that the Norwegians would not have spared any time in following the Lithuanian and Polish example by denouncing the personal union with Sweden. Moreover, the revolutionary wave sweeping over Europe in 1830 was not one to avoid Sweden. Unlike other areas, the Swedes that opposed King Karol XIV Jan’s government went no further than to criticise it, despite the fact that both the criticism and the programme of the opposition kept increasing in boldness. The Swedish diplomacy therefore approached the issue of the Polish and Lithuanian insurrections from the same perspective, taking particular care to observe their evolution, placing itself in a position of reserveless condemnation of such behaviour. The documents transcribed in the following pages are the diplomatic reports of N. Fr. Palmstjerna, the chargé d’affaires of Sweden in Petersburg, and were selected from the Sveriges Riksarkivet, Kabinettet/UD Huvudarkivet, E2D, 702, the Petersburg fund, 1821, Jan.-iuni. They sometimes contain very detailed information pertaining to the early phase of the Lithuanian insurrection. By introducing them to the academic circuit, we express our hope that they will contribute to the expansion of the research horizon of the history of North

  18. High-Velocity Frictional Properties of Westerly Granite and the Role of Thermal Cracking on Gouge Production

    Science.gov (United States)

    Passelegue, Francois; Spanuolo, Elena; Violay, Marie; Nielsen, Stefan; Di Toro, Giulio; Schubnel, Alexandre

    2016-04-01

    With the advent of high-velocity shear apparatus, several experimental studies have been conducted in recent years improving our understanding of fault friction at seismic slip rates (0.1-10 m/s). Here, we present the results of a series of tests conducted on Westerly granite, at INGV Roma, on a Slow to HIgh Velocity Apparatus (SHIVA), coupled with a high frequency monitoring (4MHz sampling rate). Experiments were conducted under normal stress (σn) ranging from 5 to 20 MPa and at sliding velocities (V) comprised between 3 mm/s and 3 m/s. Additional experiments were conducted in the presence of pore fluid at equivalent effective normal stress. In dry conditions, two friction drops are observed. The first drop is independent of the normal stress and occurs when V become higher than a critical value (Vc≈0.15 m/s). The second friction drop occurs after a critical slip weakening distance which decreases as a power law with the power density (τV). The first, abrupt, drop is explained by flash heating and weakening mechanism while the second, smooth, drop is due to the formation and growth of molten patches on the fault surface. In wet conditions, only the second drop of friction is observed. Average values of the fracture energy are independent of normal stress and sliding velocity at V > 0.01 m/s. However, measurements of elastic wave velocities travelling through the fault strongly suggest that higher damage is induced for 0.1 temperature is high. Some AEs are even recorded few seconds after the end of the experiments, suggesting they may be due to thermal cracking induced by heat diffusion. In addition, the presence of pore fluid pressure (water) delayed the apparition of AEs at equivalent effective pressure, supporting the link between AEs and the production and diffusion of heat. Using the thermo-elastic crack model developed by Fredriech and Wong 1986, we demonstrate that damage can indeed be induced by heat diffusion. Our theoretical prediction explains well

  19. Frictional evolution, acoustic emissions activity, and off-fault damage in simulated faults sheared at seismic slip rates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Passelègue, François. X.; Spagnuolo, Elena; Violay, Marie; Nielsen, Stefan; Di Toro, Giulio; Schubnel, Alexandre

    2016-10-01

    We present a series of high-velocity friction tests conducted on Westerly granite, using the Slow to HIgh Velocity Apparatus (SHIVA) installed at Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia Roma with acoustic emissions (AEs) monitored at high frequency (4 MHz). Both atmospheric humidity and pore fluid (water) pressure conditions were tested, under effective normal stress σneff in the range 5-20 MPa and at target sliding velocities Vs in the range 0.003-3 m/s. Under atmospheric humidity two consecutive friction drops were observed. The first one is related to flash weakening, and the second one to the formation and growth of a continuous layer of melt in the slip zone. In the presence of fluid, a single drop in friction was observed. Average values of fracture energy are independent of effective normal stress and sliding velocity. However, measurements of elastic wave velocities on the sheared samples suggested that larger damage was induced for 0.1 < Vs<0.3 m/s. This observation is supported by AEs recorded during the test, most of which were detected after the initiation of the second friction drop, once the fault surface temperature was high. Some AEs were detected up to a few seconds after the end of the experiments, indicating thermal rather than mechanical cracking. In addition, the presence of pore water delayed the onset of AEs by cooling effects and by reducing of the heat produced, supporting the link between AEs and the production and diffusion of heat during sliding. Using a thermoelastic crack model developed by Fredrich and Wong (1986), we confirm that damage may be induced by heat diffusion. Indeed, our theoretical results predict accurately the amount of shortening and shortening rate, supporting the idea that gouge production and gouge comminution are in fact largely controlled by thermal cracking. Finally, we discuss the contribution of thermal cracking in the seismic energy balance. In fact, while a dichotomy exists in the literature regarding

  20. Study on establishment of transformation system mediated by Agrobacteriume in Actinidia chinensis Planch.cv Huayou.%中华猕猴桃华优遗传转化系统建立研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆荣生; 杜晓莉; 霍秀娟; 韩美丽; 马跃峰; 覃建林; 郭成林

    2014-01-01

    为了更好的利用遗传转化技术进行猕猴桃品种改良研究,以中华猕猴桃华优组培苗幼嫩叶片为材料,研究了外植体分化不定芽再生途径所需的培养条件及转化效率提高方法.结果表明,在叶片不定芽诱导培养基中加入浓度为0.75~1.0 mg/L的TDZ时,叶片愈伤发生率达85.7%~90.1%,不定芽发生率达41.8%~44.6%;在TDZ 1.0mg/L基础上,补充0.1~0.4 mg/L IAA可使叶片愈伤发生率提高到96.7%~100%,不定芽发生率提高到67.4%~71.9%;在农杆菌侵染液与共培养基中同时加入75~100 μmol/L浓度的AS,可使GUS瞬时表达率及卡那抗性芽发生率分别提高至27.9%、14.5%;外植体被农杆菌侵染前,的预培养2~3 d有利于提高GUS表达率与卡那抗性芽发生率.GUS染色与PCR扩增检测结果显示,Shiva A基因已转化至中华猕猴桃华优转基因植株.

  1. Agrobacterium rhizogenes-mediated Transformation of Potato with Shival%发根农杆菌介导抗菌肽Shival基因转化马铃薯的初步研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘春元; 殷宪平; 邢小萍

    2007-01-01

    利用已构建载体530 Shiva,转化马铃薯普通栽培种甘农薯1号、澳布、HLS和夏波蒂的试管苗及块茎盘的研究.结果表明,以Kan 50 mg·L-1和100 mg·L-1作为筛选转基因细胞和植株的剂量.对于发根农杆菌侵染马铃薯试管苗应采用新鲜菌落直接涂抹伤口进行侵染,这种方法诱导生根率高且易于操作,根诱导率、成愈率及分化率远高于浸泡法;发根农杆菌转化试管苗,后期愈伤组织分化产生5个幼苗.发根农杆菌菌液侵染甘农薯1号和夏波蒂两品种的块茎盘,7 d后就有很小的毛状根突起产生,2周后即有大量毛状根产生,3周后毛状根产生量有所减少,产生的毛状根3周时其成愈率分别为31.0%和27.0%,愈伤组织分化成苗比较困难,分化出3个幼苗,分化率分别为6.45%和3.70%.转化材料进行冠瘿碱检测表明,分化苗均为胭脂碱阳性反应.环腐病菌接种试管苗结果表明,分化植株与对照相比抗性明显增强.

  2. Frictional behavior of experimental faults during a simulated seismic cycle

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spagnuolo, Elena; Nielsen, Stefan; Violay, Marie; Di Felice, Fabio; Di Toro, Giulio

    2016-04-01

    Laboratory friction studies of earthquake mechanics aim at understanding complex phenomena either driving or characterizing the seismic cycle. Previous experiments were mainly conducted on bi-axial machines imposing velocity steps conditions, where slip and slip-rate are usually less than 10 mm and 1 mm/s, respectively. However, earthquake nucleation on natural faults results from the combination of the frictional response of fault materials and wall rock stiffness with complex loading conditions. We propose an alternative experimental approach which consists in imposing a step-wise increase in the shear stress on an experimental fault under constant normal stress. This experimental configuration allows us to investigate the relevance of spontaneous fault surface reworking in (1) driving frictional instabilities, (2) promoting the diversity of slip events including the eventual runaway, and (3) ruling weakening and re-strengthening processes during the seismic cycle. Using a rotary shear apparatus (SHIVA, INGV, Rome) with an on-purpose designed control system, the shear stress acting on a simulated fault can be increased step-wise while both slip and slip-rate are allowed to evolve spontaneously (the slip is namely infinite) to accommodate the new state of stress. This unconventional procedure, which we term "shear stress-step loading", simulates how faults react to either a remote tectonic loading or a sudden seismic or strain event taking place in the vicinity of a fault patch. Our experiments show that the spontaneous slip evolution results in velocity pulses whose shape and occurrence rate are controlled by the lithology and the state of stress. With increasing shear stress and cumulative slip, the experimental fault exhibits three frictional behaviors: (1) stable behavior or individual slip pulses up to few cm/s for few mm of slip in concomitance to the step-wise increase in shear stress; (2) unstable oscillatory slip or continuous slip but with abrupt changes

  3. 从消费品到维生--生态女性主义自足再适应%From Consumables to Sustenance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    帕特里克·墨菲; 张驰(译)

    2016-01-01

    This article argues for a rethinking of the concept of consumption and to understand it as distinct from ingestion in terms of sustainability, which would require a cultural reorientation toward commodities and the using up of natural resources. The basis for such a reorientation can be found in ecofeminist theory and alternative economics, particularly the subsistence perspective defined by Maria Mies , Vandana Shiva, and Veronika Bennholdt-Thomsen and developed further by various feminist economists as eco-sufficiency. The benefit of this reorientation viewpoint for literary study is then demonstrated through comparative readings of Miyabe Miyuki’s All She Was Worth and Ishimure Michiko’s Lake of Heaven and Mo Yan’s The Garlic Ballads and Jiang Rong’s Wolf Totem. It concludes with a brief discussion of phronesis as an attunement to diversity and the need for replenishment to replace consumption as the focus for economic activities.%本文提出对消费概念予以再思考,从可持续性的角度将其与吸收区别开来,这意味着对于商品以及自然资源的枯竭式消耗进行文化上的再定位。生态女性主义理论以及相关的经济学理论是这个再定位的基础,特别是玛丽亚·米斯、范达娜·席瓦和维朗妮卡·本霍尔德特-汤姆森所界定的生计视角,生计理论后来又被许多女性主义经济学家继续发展为生态自足。作者从再定位的视角对宫部美幸的《火车》与石牟礼道子的《天堂湖》,以及莫言的《天堂蒜薹之歌》与姜戎的《狼图腾》进行了比较阅读。文章最后简短地讨论了通过实践智慧实现多样和谐,以及不能再把消费作为经济活动中心的迫切性。

  4. The spider family Selenopidae (Arachnida, Araneae in Australia and Asia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarah Crews

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available The spider family Selenopidae Simon occurs worldwide in tropical and subtropical regions, currently containing nearly 200 species in five genera. We relimit and revise the family to include four new genera and 27 new species from Australia and Asia. The family Selenopidae is redefined, as are the genera Anyphops Benoit, Garcorops Corronca, Hovops Benoit, Selenops Latreille, and Siamspinops Dankittipakul and Corronca, to accommodate the new genera and to correct previous errors in the definition. The species of Selenops that occur throughout India and China are also reviewed. Three species occur in China: S. bursarius Karsch, also known from Japan, Korea and Taiwan, S. ollarius Zhu, Sha, and Chen, and S. radiatus Latreille, the type of the genus and most widespread selenopid. Selenops cordatus Zhu, Sha, and Chen is recognized as a junior synonym of S. radiatus, syn. n. Amamanganops gen. n. is monotypic, with A. baginawa sp. n., and is known only from the Philippine island of Mindoro. Godumops gen. n. is monotypic, with G. careus sp. n., and is known only from Papua New Guinea. Karaops gen. n. occurs throughout Australia and has 24 species: K. australiensis (L. Koch comb. n., K. gangarie sp. n., K. monteithi sp. n., K. alanlongbottomi sp. n., K. keithlongbottomi sp. n., K. larryoo sp. n., K. jarrit sp. n., K. marrayagong sp. n., K. raveni sp. n., K. badgeradda sp. n., K. burbidgei sp. n., K. karrawarla sp. n., K. julianneae sp. n., K. martamarta sp. n., K. manaayn sp. n., K. vadlaadambara sp. n., K. pilkingtoni sp. n., K. deserticola sp. n., K. ngarutjaranya sp. n., K. francesae sp. n., K. toolbrunup sp. n., the type species K. ellenae sp. n., K. jenniferae sp. n., and K. dawara sp. n. The genus Makdiops gen. n. contains five species from India and Nepal: M. agumbensis (Tikader, comb. n., the type of the genus M. mahishasura sp. n., M. montigenus (Simon, comb. n., M. nilgirensis (Reimoser comb. n., and M. shiva sp. n. The genus Pakawops gen. n. is

  5. Photophysiological state of natural phytoplankton communities in the South China Sea and Sulu Sea

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    W. Cheah

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, an increasing number of studies on phytoplankton in the tropical South China Sea (SCS and Sulu Sea (SS have been conducted. However, still little is known about the photophysiological state of natural phytoplankton communities under varying environmental conditions. This study investigates the photophysiological state of natural phytoplankton communities in the southern SCS and SS based on high horizontal and vertical resolution field observations collected during the SHIVA (Stratosphere ozone: Halogens in a Varying Atmosphere cruise (SO 218 in November 2011 on board RV Sonne. At the surface, pigment results revealed that total chlorophyll a (TChl a concentrations at all offshore stations were low at the surface and were generally dominated by cyanobacteria. Enhanced concentrations of TChl a were only observed below the upper mixed layer and above the euphotic depth with haptophytes, prochlorophytes and prasinophytes contributing most of the biomass. At stations close to the coast and river outflows, surface phytoplankton blooms (between 1 to 2.2 mg m−3 dominated by diatoms were observed. Overall, the study region exhibited strong nitrate + nitrite (NOx, −1, and phosphate (PO4, −1 depletion from surface down to about 50–60 m. Silicate (Si exhibited similar trends with the exception of some near shore stations in which high Si concentrations (> 2 μmol L−1 were observed in conjunction with increased TChl a and diatoms concentrations. Surface NOx concentrations were observed to correlate positively with temperature (τ = 0.22, p n = 108, whereas negative correlations were reported between surface NOx (τ = −0.27, p n = 108, Si (τ = −0.68, p n = 108 and salinity indicating that the enhancement in nutrients at the surface was probably supplied through fresher and warmer river waters near the coast. In contrast, the opposite was observed between temperature, salinity and all nutrients in the water column suggesting

  6. An airborne infrared laser spectrometer for in-situ trace gas measurements: application to tropical convection case studies

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    V. Catoire

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available A three-channel laser absorption spectrometer called SPIRIT (SPectromètre InfraRouge In situ Toute altitude has been developed for airborne measurements of trace gases in the troposphere and lower stratosphere. More than three different species can be measured simultaneously with high time resolution (each 1.6 s using three individual CW-DFB-QCLs (Continuous Wave Distributed FeedBack Quantum Cascade Lasers coupled to a single Robert multipass optical cell. The lasers are operated in a time-multiplexed mode. Absorption of the mid-infrared radiations occur in the cell (2.8 L with effective path lengths of 134 to 151 m at reduced pressure, with detection achieved using a HgCdTe detector cooled by Stirling cycle. The performances of the instrument are described, in particular precisions of 1, 1 and 3 %, and volume mixing ratio (vmr sensitivities of 0.4, 6 and 2.4 ppbv are determined at 1.6 s for CO, CH4 and N2O, respectively (at 1σ confidence level. Estimated accuracies without calibration are about 6 %. Dynamic measuring ranges of about four decades are established. The first deployment of SPIRIT was realized aboard the Falcon-20 research aircraft operated by DLR (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt within the frame of the SHIVA (Stratospheric Ozone: Halogen Impacts in a Varying Atmosphere European project in November-December 2011 over Malaysia. The convective outflows from two large convective systems near Borneo Island (6.0° N–115.5° E and 5.5° N–118.5° E were sampled above 11 km in altitude on 19 November and 9 December, respectively. Correlated enhancements in CO and CH4 vmr were detected when the aircraft crossed the outflow anvil of both systems. These enhancements were interpreted as the fingerprint of transport from the boundary layer up through the convective system and then horizontal advection in the outflow. Using these observations, the fraction of boundary layer air contained in fresh convective outflow was

  7. Evaluating Global Emission Inventories of Biogenic Bromocarbons

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hossaini, Ryan; Mantle, H.; Chipperfield, M. P.; Montzka, S. A.; Hamer, P.; Ziska, F.; Quack, B.; Kruger, K.; Tegtmeier, S.; Atlas, E.; Sala, S.; Engel, A.; Bonisch, H.; Keber, T.; Oram, D.; Mills, G.; Ordonez, C.; Saiz-Lopez, A.; Warwick, N.; Liang, Q.; Feng, W.; Moore, F.; Miller, F.; Marecal, V.; Richards, N. A. D.; Dorf, M.; Pfeilsticker, K.

    2013-01-01

    Emissions of halogenated very short-lived substances (VSLS) are poorly constrained. However, their inclusion in global models is required to simulate a realistic inorganic bromine (Bry) loading in both the troposphere, where bromine chemistry perturbs global oxidizing capacity, and in the stratosphere, where it is a major sink for ozone (O3). We have performed simulations using a 3-D chemical transport model (CTM) including three top-down and a single bottom-up derived emission inventory of the major brominated VSLS bromoform (CHBr3) and dibromomethane (CH2Br2). We perform the first concerted evaluation of these inventories, comparing both the magnitude and spatial distribution of emissions. For a quantitative evaluation of each inventory, model output is compared with independent long-term observations at National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) ground-based stations and with aircraft observations made during the NSF (National Science Foundation) HIAPER Pole-to-Pole Observations (HIPPO) project. For CHBr3, the mean absolute deviation between model and surface observation ranges from 0.22 (38 %) to 0.78 (115 %) parts per trillion (ppt) in the tropics, depending on emission inventory. For CH2Br2, the range is 0.17 (24 %) to 1.25 (167 %) ppt. We also use aircraft observations made during the 2011 Stratospheric Ozone: Halogen Impacts in a Varying Atmosphere (SHIVA) campaign, in the tropical western Pacific. Here, the performance of the various inventories also varies significantly, but overall the CTM is able to reproduce observed CHBr3 well in the free troposphere using an inventory based on observed sea-to-air fluxes. Finally, we identify the range of uncertainty associated with these VSLS emission inventories on stratospheric bromine loading due to VSLS (Br(VSLS/y)). Our simulations show Br(VSLS/y) ranges from approximately 4.0 to 8.0 ppt depending on the inventory. We report an optimized estimate at the lower end of this range (approximately 4 ppt

  8. Challenges in implementing and maintaining osteoporosis therapy

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    Modi A

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Ankita Modi,1 Shiva Sajjan,1 Sampada Gandhi2 1Center for Observational and Real-World Evidence, Merck & Co., Inc., Whitehouse Station, NJ, USA; 2School of Public Health, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ, USA Abstract: In the United States, an estimated 19% of older men and 30% of older women are at elevated risk of osteoporotic fracture and considered to be eligible for treatment. The burden of osteoporosis is similar in Europe and is projected to rise worldwide, with aging populations and increasing fracture rates accompanying urbanization. Notwithstanding its high prevalence, osteoporosis is often underdiagnosed and undertreated. Moreover, even when the diagnosis is made and the decision is taken to treat, there are remaining challenges in implementing therapy for osteoporosis. Several patient populations are particularly challenging for clinicians to treat and require further study with regard to osteoporosis therapy. These include the very elderly, who face challenges relating to adherence; men, in whom osteoporosis remains under-recognized; patients with glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis or renal impairment, who are at increased risk of fracture; patients with preexisting gastrointestinal problems who cannot tolerate existing orally administered osteoporosis therapies; and high-risk patients who show inadequate response to therapy. Moreover, poor adherence and poor persistence with osteoporosis medications are common and result in an increased risk of fracture, higher medical costs, and increased hospitalizations. Once the decision to institute therapy is made, patient education about osteoporosis and fracture risk should be provided. This is particularly important for men, who may not be aware that osteoporosis can be a concern. Secondary prevention programs, including fracture liaison services and bone therapy groups, can help to improve adherence to therapy. Further study is needed to guide the treatment of men, the very elderly

  9. Regional air pollution over Malaysia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krysztofiak, G.; Catoire, V.; Dorf, M.; Grossmann, K.; Hamer, P. D.; Marécal, V.; Reiter, A.; Schlager, H.; Eckhardt, S.; Jurkat, T.; Oram, D.; Quack, B.; Atlas, E.; Pfeilsticker, K.

    2012-12-01

    During the SHIVA (Stratospheric Ozone: Halogen Impacts in a Varying Atmosphere) campaign in Nov. and Dec. 2011 a number of polluted air masses were observed in the marine and terrestrial boundary layer (0 - 2 km) and in the free troposphere (2 - 12 km) over Borneo/Malaysia. The measurements include isoprene, CO, CO2, CH4, N2O, NO2, SO2 as primary pollutants, O3 and HCHO as secondary pollutants, and meteorological parameters. This set of trace gases can be used to fingerprint different sources of local and regional air pollution (e.g., biomass burning and fossil fuel burning, gas flaring on oil rigs, emission of ships and from urban areas, volcanic emissions, and biogenic emissions). Individual sources and location can be identified when the measurements are combined with a nested-grid regional scale chemical and meteorological model and lagrangian particle dispersion model (e.g., CCATT-BRAMS and FLEXPART). In the case of the former, emission inventories of the primary pollutants provide the basis for the trace gas simulations. In this region, the anthropogenic influence on air pollution seems to dominate over natural causes. For example, CO2 and CH4 often show strong correlations with CO, suggesting biomass burning or urban fossil fuel combustion dominates the combustion sources. The study of the CO/CO2 and CH4/CO ratios can help separate anthropogenic combustion from biomass burning pollution sources. In addition, these ratios can be used as a measure of combustion efficiency to help place the type of biomass burning particular to this region within the wider context of fire types found globally. On several occasions, CH4 enhancements are observed near the ocean surface, which are not directly correlated with CO enhancements thus indicating a non-combustion-related CH4 source. Positive correlations between SO2 and CO show the anthropogenic influence of oil rigs located in the South China Sea. Furthermore, SO2 enhancements are observed without any increase in CO

  10. Aircraft-borne DOAS limb observations of iodine monoxide around Borneo

    Science.gov (United States)

    Großmann, Katja; Hossaini, Ryan; Mantle, Hannah; Chipperfield, Martyn; Wittrock, Folkard; Peters, Enno; Lampel, Johannes; Walker, Hannah; Heard, Dwayne; Krystofiak, Gisèle; Catoire, Valéry; Dorf, Marcel; Werner, Bodo; Pfeilsticker, Klaus

    2015-04-01

    Iodine monoxide (IO) has a major impact on the photochemistry of the troposphere. It can for example catalytically destroy ozone, influence the atmospheric oxidation capacity by changing the partitioning of the HOx and NOx species, or contribute to the formation of ultrafine particles. Information regarding the vertical distribution of IO is still sparse since only few vertical profiles of IO exist for the troposphere. Spectroscopic measurements were carried out from aboard the research aircraft DLR-Falcon during the SHIVA (Stratospheric ozone: Halogen Impacts in a Varying Atmosphere) campaign at Malaysian Borneo in November and December 2011 to study the abundance and transport of trace gases in the lower atmosphere. Sixteen research flights were performed covering legs near the surface in the marine boundary layer (MBL) as well as in the free troposphere (FT) up to an altitude of 13 km. The spectroscopic measurements were evaluated using the Differential Optical Absorption Spectroscopy (DOAS) technique in limb geometry, which supports observations of UV/visible absorbing trace gases, such as O4, BrO, IO, NO2, HCHO, CHOCHO, HONO and H2O, and altitude information was gained via the O4 scaling technique and/or full inversion. The inferred vertical profiles of IO showed mixing ratios of 0.5-1.5 ppt in the MBL, which decreased to 0.1-0.3 ppt in the FT. Occasionally, the IO observed in the FT of the marine environment coincided with elevated amounts of CO, but no IO was observed over land, neither in the boundary layer, nor in the FT. This behavior strongly indicated that the major sources for IO were organic and inorganic precursor molecules emitted from the ocean, which during daytime rapidly formed a sizable amount of IO in the MBL that was occasionally transported into the FT where efficient loss processes for IO must exist. The inferred vertical profiles of IO are compared to simulations using the global 3-D chemistry transport model TOMCAT including recent fluxes

  11. Gastrointestinal events and association with initiation of treatment for osteoporosis

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    Modi A

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Ankita Modi,1 Ethel S Siris,2 Jackson Tang,3 Shiva Sajjan,1 Shuvayu S Sen1 1Center for Observational and Real-World Evidence, Merck & Co., Inc, Kenilworth, NJ, 2Toni Stabile Osteoporosis Center, Columbia University Medical Center, NY Presbyterian Hospital, New York, NY, 3Asclepius Analytics Ltd, Brooklyn, NY, USA Background: Preexisting gastrointestinal (GI events may deter the use of pharmacologic treatment in patients diagnosed with osteoporosis (OP. The objective of this study was to examine the association between preexisting GI events and OP pharmacotherapy initiation among women diagnosed with OP. Methods: The study utilized claims data from a large US managed care database to identify women aged ≥55 years with a diagnosis code for OP (index date during 2002–2009. Patients with a claim for pharmacologic OP treatment in the 12-month pre-index period (baseline were excluded. OP treatment initiation in the post-index period was defined as a claim for bisphosphonates (alendronate, ibandronate, risedronate, zoledronic acid, calcitonin, raloxifene, or teriparatide. During the post-index period (up to 12 months, GI events were identified before treatment initiation. A time-dependent Cox regression model was used to investigate the likelihood of initiating any OP treatment. Among patients initiating OP treatment, a discrete choice model was utilized to assess the relationship between post-index GI events and likelihood of initiating with a bisphosphonate versus a non-bisphosphonate. Results: In total, 65,344 patients (mean age 66 years were included; 23.7% had a GI event post diagnosis and before treatment initiation. Post-index GI events were associated with a 75% lower likelihood of any treatment initiation (hazard ratio 0.25; 95% confidence interval 0.24–0.26. Among treated patients (n=23,311, those with post-index GI events were 39% less likely to receive a bisphosphonate versus a non-bisphosphonate (odds ratio 0.61; 95% confidence

  12. Using ferromagnetic nanoparticles with low Curie temperature for magnetic resonance imaging-guided thermoablation

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    Herynek V

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Vít Herynek,1 Karolína Turnovcová,2 Pavel Veverka,3 Tereza Dědourková,4,5 Pavel Žvátora,6 Pavla Jendelová,2 Andrea Gálisová,1 Lucie Kosinová,7 Klára Jiráková,2 Eva Syková2 1MR-Unit, Radiodiagnostic and Interventional Radiology Department, Institute for Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Prague, 2Department of Neuroscience, Institute of Experimental Medicine, 3Department of Magnetics and Superconductors, Institute of Physics, Czech Academy of Sciences, Prague, 4Department of Inorganic Technology, Faculty of Chemical Technology, University of Pardubice, 5SYNPO, akciová společnost, Pardubice, 6Department of Analytical Chemistry, Institute of Chemical Technology, 7Diabetes Center, Institute for Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Prague, Czech Republic Introduction: Magnetic nanoparticles (NPs represent a tool for use in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI-guided thermoablation of tumors using an external high-frequency (HF magnetic field. To avoid local overheating, perovskite NPs with a lower Curie temperature (Tc were proposed for use in thermotherapy. However, deposited power decreases when approaching the Curie temperature and consequently may not be sufficient for effective ablation. The goal of the study was to test this hypothesis. Methods: Perovskite NPs (Tc =66°C–74°C were characterized and tested both in vitro and in vivo. In vitro, the cells suspended with NPs were exposed to a HF magnetic field together with control samples. In vivo, a NP suspension was injected into a induced tumor in rats. Distribution was checked by MRI and the rats were exposed to a HF field together with control animals. Apoptosis in the tissue was evaluated. Results and discussion: In vitro, the high concentration of suspended NPs caused an increase of the temperature in the cell sample, leading to cell death. In vivo, MRI confirmed distribution of the NPs in the tumor. The temperature in the tumor with injected NPs did not increase

  13. Logos und etos der Heiligkeit im Licht der liturgischen Texte vom hl. Stanislaus, Bischof und Märtyrer

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    Jan Józef Janicki

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available Im Jahr 2003 feiert die Kirche in Polen das 750-jährige Jubiläum der Heiligsprechung des Bischofs Stanislaus (1030-1079, der im Jahre 1253 in Assisi, als erste Pole, kanonisiert wurde und zum Patron von ganz Polen ernannt. Der Verfasser analisiert das Messformular und Stundengebetsformular von der liturgischen Feier des hl. Stanislaus, Bischof und Märtyrer am 8 Mai und sucht dadurch die Lehre (logos über das christliche Leben und die konkrete Lebens-Konsequenzen (etos aufzuzeigen. Die erneuerten liturgischen Texte der Gebete des neuen römischen Messbuches und des Stundengebetes zeigen den Glauben der betenden Kirche nach dem alten Prinzip: legem credendi lex statuat supplicandi (oder kurz ausgedrückt: lex orandi lex credendi. Der Zweck also des hier vorgestellten Artikels ist es, den Glauben der Kirche über das heilige Leben der Christen zu demonstrieren, welches uns eine Analyse der euchologischen Texte und der Texte der Wortliturgie ermöglicht. Der Verfasser benutzte dann die Möglichkeit, diese ganze Problematik im breiten theologisch-liturgischen und pastoralen Kontext darzustellen. Dabei benutzte er die Dokumente der Kirche der letzten Jahre, insbesondere die Lehre des II. Vatikanischen Konzils wenn es um den pastoralen Dienst der Bischöfe geht, dann die pastoral-theologischen Briefe des Papstes Pius XII und des Papstes Johannes Paul II, zum 700-jährigen und zum 750-jährigen Jubiläum der Kanonisation des hl. Bischofs Stanislaus. Es geht aber auch um alles das, was Johannes Paul II und früher als Kardinal Karol Wojtyła zum Jahrestag des Märtyrertodes geschrieben hat. Die liturgischen Gebetstexte lex orandi und die Wortliturgie unterstreichen in ihrer lex credendi, dass der hl. Stanislaus in seinem Leben, in seiner Zeit und seiner Kirche, den Auftrag und die Vollmacht - die Christus den Aposteln und ihren Nachfolgern gegeben hat - alle Völker zu lehren, die Menschen in der Wahrheit zu heiligen und sie zu weiden, verwirklicht

  14. Escribir después del desastre: Violencia y testimonio en dos novelas de Álvaro Bisama

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    Natalia Alejandra Anabalon

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available La escritura del escritor y académico chileno Álvaro Bisama Mayné empieza después del desastre, puede ser un huracán que está por venir, un incendio gigantesco en algún cerro de Valparaíso o lo que queda fuera de una fotografía.   El autor ha incursionado desde crítica literaria, el ensayo, la novela y la crónica buscando evidenciar la cultura moderna como desecho, el vacío de las personas, las relaciones humanas, la degradación y la violencia. En el siguiente ensayo me propongo analizar las distintas manifestaciones de la violencia y el testimonio, para ello se escogí las novelas Estrellas Muertas (2010 y Ruido (2012 siendo la primera un espejo de los hijos de la transición política de Chile post dictadura. Mientras que en  Ruido el autor vuelve al Chile convulsionado en el horror político y social de la Dictadura Militar de Augusto Pinochet cuando entre los años de 1983 y 1988 un joven huérfano dijo comunicarse con la Virgen María, posteriormente se lo conocería a él como Karol Romanov. Aquí deseo postular que son las mujeres quienes pueden contar la historia, quienes vuelven de lugares insospechados mientras que los hombres pasan deambulando en el relato, ambas novelas entregan una particular, para ello se harán dialogar las posturas de dos investigadoras argentinas, la primera es Pilar Calveiro (“Poder y Desaparición. Los campos de concentración en Argentina”. 1998 quien permite entender esta novela como un ejercicio de memoria estableciendo que tanto mujeres como hombres tienen distintas maneras de testimoniar sosteniendo que el hombre es más preciso para dar datos como nombres y lugares y pese a lo cruento de la experiencia logra ser objetivo; por el contrario, la mujer que da información entra en vivencia iniciado el acto del recuerdo. A continuación seguirá el planteamiento de Nora Strejilevich, (“El arte de no olvidar: literatura testimonial en Chile, Argentina y Uruguay, entre los 80 y los 90

  15. Stanisław Lubomirski (1583–1649 – the founder of the Discalced Carmelites monastery in Nowy Wiśnicz

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    Andrzej Bruździński

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Stanisław Lubomirski of the coat of arms of Fellowship or Śreniawa without a cross died in 1649. He was the founder of the Discalced (Barefoot Carmelite Monastery in Nowy Wiśnicz. Lubomirski was the son of Sebastian, the castellan of Małogoszcz and Anna Branicka from Ruszcza. He was born in 1583, later studied at Jesuit College in Munich and at the University of Padua (1600, then travelled widely over France and the Netherlands. In 1613 he married princess Zofia Ostrogska (died in 1622 who gave birth to his 5 children, three sons and 2 daughters. The victory at the battle of Chocim brought him a significant recognition and fame. He received honours and state functions: the royal cup bearer and a deputy of the grand hetman of Lithuania Jan Karol Chodkiewicz in 1620; a Ruthenian voivode in 1628 and then a voivode of Kraków in 1638. The king gave him 7 starosties (royal lands. Lubomirski was an outstanding representative of the contemporary generation as well as of a new breed of political activists. Thanks to his connections with the court, warfare and business skills, he became one of the most important and influential figures in Poland of that time – so important that he became independent of the king. Although he was hot tempered, highly ambitious and utterly arrogant, Lubomirski showed a lot of care for his country as well as other people, especially those who were close to him. He could be really kind and benevolent to them. Such attitude bound the poorer nobility who were escaping from declassing with the Lubomirski’s family, increasing its future significance. Thus this Śreniawa took under his wings a considerable number of noblemen seeking his care. It mustn’t be forgotten that not only did he create a splendid court and the mightiest stronghold in the country as well as the milieu, where he charmed with eastern splendour and lordly extravagance, but above all he was a distinguished and generous patron. Taking it all into

  16. Sub-pluvial Saqqara and its possible impact on ancient Egyptian civilization in the Old Kingdom Period (4600 - 4100 yrs BP)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Welc, Fabian; Marks, Leszek

    2014-05-01

    Geological and geoarchaeological investigations were carried out at several archaeological sites in northern Egypt within the Memphis Necropolis (Saqqara, Abusir, and Giza). Sedimentological analysis of exposures in western Saqqara, excavated by the Polish-Egyptian archaeological team led by Professor Karol Myśliwiec (Institute of Mediterranean and Oriental Cultures, Polish Academy of Sciences), supplied with significant paleoclimatic data and enabled reconstruction of regional climate change during the Old Kingdom Period (4600 - 4100 yrs BP). Potential influence of this climate change on development of the early Egyptian civilization in this area was determined. Examined exposures indicated that during the Old Kingdom Period the area of Saqqara (at present located in a desert) has been many a time flooded with sheet floods, water of which was heavily charged with debris moving down-slope. Performed geochemical and sedimentological analyses proved that climate in the Old Kingdom time was warm and relatively wet. In 4200 - 4100 yrs BP a quick climate change from wet to extremely dry occurred, with occasional stormy winds. These unfavorable climatic conditions were accompanied by catastrophically low seasonal floods of the Nile, resulting in famine and drought recorded in archaeological data and consequently, leading to a disintegration of the Egyptian state. The authors' investigations indicated that a climate change in Egypt in the second half of the 3rd millennium BC is however not as univocal as considered previously. Well-known gradual aridification of the north-eastern Africa, initiated about 5000 yrs BP, has not been unidirectional and was varied regionally. The collected data indicate univocally that there were quasi-cyclic climatic fluctuations. In spite of a distinct trend, the dry period has been interrupted by numerous short wet episodes, occurring during the interval 4600 - 4200 yrs BP and especially at the end of the Old Kingdom Period (ca. 4200 yrs BP

  17. Początki badań kultury i języka staroobrzędowców w Polsce

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    Irena Maryniakowa

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The origins of culture and language of Old Believers in Poland The Old Believers – the descendants of Russians who in the middle of the seventeenth century did not accept the reforms of Patriarch Nikon – had to leave their homeland due to persecution. They came to Poland about 300 years ago and in the area of the Old Republic, and they were treated with respect. In the Polish literature, the first mention of them appeared in the mid-nineteenth century, in the writings of Benedykt Tykiel and Karol Mecherzyński. At the beginning of the twentieth century, Karol Dębiński and Alfons Mańkowski also wrote about the Old Believers, and then Wiktor Piotrowicz, Jędrzej Giertych, Stefan Grelewski and Melchior Wańkowicz. In the postwar period, Wiktor Jakubowski conducted research on this community. Research on the Old Believers’ language, a well preserved Russian dialect, was organized by Anatol Mirowicz at the University of Warsaw – numerous works were prepared by Iryda Grek-Pabisowa and Irena Maryniakowa. The interest in the members of what now is called the Polish Pomeranian Old Believers Orthodox Church still continues, and numerous studies about various aspects of their lives are being conducted at the moment.   Начало исследований культуры и языка старообрядцев в Польше Старообрядцы, потомки русских, которые в середине семнадцатого века не приняли реформы патриарха Никона, преследовались, покидали родину, переселяясь в другие страны. В Польшу они прибыли около 300 лет назад и были приняты толерантно. В польской письменности первое упоминание о них относится к середине девятнадцатого века, как писали

  18. 农杆菌介导美味猕猴桃基因转化影响因素研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆荣生; 霍秀娟; 杜晓莉; 韩美丽; 杨玉霞; 马跃峰; 覃建林

    2014-01-01

    [目的]建立美味猕猴桃叶片外植体转化体系,为猕猴桃遗传转化研究奠定良好基础.[方法]以美味猕猴桃组培苗叶片为材料,研究不同浓度乙酰香酮(AS)对外植体β-葡萄糖苷酸酶基因(GUS)瞬时表达阳性率的影响,及暗培养时间与抗褐化剂二硫苏糖醇(DTT)、聚乙烯呲咯烷酮(PVP)对外植体褐化、抗性芽诱导的影响.[结果]仅在侵染菌液中添加AS时,100、150、200 μmol/L AS 3个处理的外植体GUS阳性率均极显著高于对照,分别为14.6%、16.7%、10.7%;而当农杆菌侵染液与共培养基中同时添加100~150μmol/L AS,可使GUS瞬时表达阳性率提高至37.9%.选择培养初期经过2~12 d暗培养后,外植体褐化率不断下降,抗性芽诱导率不同程度提高,其中以暗培养6、8d处理的褐化率相对较低,分别为33.2%和30.6%,且相应的抗性芽诱导率最高,分别为14.2%和13.1%,极显著高于其他处理与对照.在分化培养基中添加1.0~2.0 g/L的DTT并暗培养6d的效果优于对应浓度的PVP;其中1.5 g/L DTT并暗培养6d,可使外植体褐化率降至13.4%,卡那霉素抗性芽诱导率提高至24.3%.卡那霉素抗性植株叶片GUS染色与PCR扩增结果显示,ShivaA基因已转化至美味猕猴桃秦美.[结论]AS不同使用方式及其浓度对叶片GUS瞬时阳性表达率的提高具有明显影响;选择培养初期进行暗培养6~8 d或暗培养结合添加1.0~2.0 g/L DTT抗褐化剂,均可降低美味猕猴桃叶片转化芽再生过程中的褐化,提高转化效率.

  19. Influencing factors on Agrobacterium-mediated gene transformation of Actinidia delicious cv Qinmei%农杆菌介导美味猕猴桃基因转化影响因素研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆荣生; 霍秀娟; 杜晓莉; 韩美丽; 杨玉霞; 马跃峰; 覃建林

    2014-01-01

    [目的]建立美味猕猴桃叶片外植体转化体系,为猕猴桃遗传转化研究奠定良好基础.[方法]以美味猕猴桃组培苗叶片为材料,研究不同浓度乙酰香酮(AS)对外植体β-葡萄糖苷酸酶基因(GUS)瞬时表达阳性率的影响,及暗培养时间与抗褐化剂二硫苏糖醇(DTT)、聚乙烯呲咯烷酮(PVP)对外植体褐化、抗性芽诱导的影响.[结果]仅在侵染菌液中添加AS时,100、150、200 μmol/L AS 3个处理的外植体GUS阳性率均极显著高于对照,分别为14.6%、16.7%、10.7%;而当农杆菌侵染液与共培养基中同时添加100~150μmol/L AS,可使GUS瞬时表达阳性率提高至37.9%.选择培养初期经过2~12 d暗培养后,外植体褐化率不断下降,抗性芽诱导率不同程度提高,其中以暗培养6、8d处理的褐化率相对较低,分别为33.2%和30.6%,且相应的抗性芽诱导率最高,分别为14.2%和13.1%,极显著高于其他处理与对照.在分化培养基中添加1.0~2.0 g/L的DTT并暗培养6d的效果优于对应浓度的PVP;其中1.5 g/L DTT并暗培养6d,可使外植体褐化率降至13.4%,卡那霉素抗性芽诱导率提高至24.3%.卡那霉素抗性植株叶片GUS染色与PCR扩增结果显示,ShivaA基因已转化至美味猕猴桃秦美.[结论]AS不同使用方式及其浓度对叶片GUS瞬时阳性表达率的提高具有明显影响;选择培养初期进行暗培养6~8 d或暗培养结合添加1.0~2.0 g/L DTT抗褐化剂,均可降低美味猕猴桃叶片转化芽再生过程中的褐化,提高转化效率.

  20. Crystallographic control on early stages of cataclasis in carbonate fault gouges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demurtas, Matteo; Smith, Steven A. F.; Fondriest, Michele; Spagnuolo, Elena; Di Toro, Giulio

    2017-04-01

    Carbonates are a recurring lithology in most of active seismic areas worldwide, such as the Apennines (Italy). Here, typical fault products are gouges and cataclasites made of mixtures of carbonate minerals (i.e., calcite and dolomite) that occasionally exhibit a foliation. Natural fault gouges often contain minerals with strong anisotropies, such as cleavage surfaces in phyllosilicates and carbonates. Therefore, the understanding of the role of such anisotropies during shearing is important to develop realistic microphysical models of brittle fragmentation and grain size reduction. Here we present results of microstructural and coupled EDS-EBSD (Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy - Electron Backscattered Diffraction) analysis on mixtures (50/50wt%) of calcite-dolomite gouges deformed experimentally in a rotary shear apparatus (SHIVA, INGV-Rome) at room temperature under constant normal stress of 17.5 MPa and slip rates of 30 µm/s to 1 m/s. The EDS-EBSD analysis was focused on the gouge layer underlying the slip zone, which has been previously demonstrated to accommodate low finite shear strain during deformation. At all investigated slip rates, calcite develops a crystallographic preferred orientation (CPO) on the (0001) plane, with the c-axis inclined subparallel to the principal stress and the [-1-120] direction forming a girdle perpendicular to it. Texture strength typically increases with slip rate and appears not to be influenced by the presence of water or foliation development in the gouge during deformation. Misorientation analysis suggests twinning as the principal crystallographic active deformation mechanism. Instead, dolomite grains do not develop a CPO. Microfractures are closely spaced, mainly oriented subparallel to the principal stress and rarely exploit calcite twin planes. The latter typically occur at high angle with respect to fractures, are oriented consistently with the sense of shear and almost orthogonal to the principal stress. Calcite grains

  1. Historical Account to the State of the Art in Debris Flow Modeling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pudasaini, Shiva P.

    2013-04-01

    overall flow dynamics. Strong non-linear dynamics of the fluid fraction demonstrates the typical state of the two-phase debris flow. An innovative formulation provides a unique opportunity, within a single framework, to simultaneously simulate the sliding debris, the water lake or ocean, the debris impact, the tsunami generation and propagation, and the sediment transport and deposition process in the bathymetric surface. The simulation results demonstrate the applicability of the model equations to adequately describe the complex dynamics of two-phase debris flows, avalanches, particle-laden, dispersive flows, turbidity currents, landslide and debris-induced tsunami and the associated applications to hazard mitigation, geomorphology and sedimentology. Reference: Shiva P. Pudasaini (2012): A general two-phase debris flow model. J. Geophys. Res., 117, F03010,doi: 10.1029/2011JF002186.

  2. Dose Supplemental Zinc Prevent Recurrence of Febrile Seizures?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siamak SHIVA

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available How to Cite this Article: Shiva S, Barzegar M, Zokaie N, Shiva Sh. Dose Supplemental Zinc Prevents Recurrence of Febrile Seizures? Iranian Journal ofChild Neurology 2011;5(4:11-14. Objective Febrile seizures (FS are the most common form of seizures in children. Previous studies have suggested that zinc may play a role in the prevention of FS. However, there is limited information on the preventative effects of zinc against FS. This study aimed to determine whether prescribing zinc supplements could prevent FS.Materials & Methods In a randomized, placebo-controlled trial, 100 children who had experienced simple FS for the first time were recruited. Children in the case group (50 patients were orally administered1mg/kg/day zinc sulfate for 1 year, and children in the control group (50 patients received a placebo. Serum zinc levels in both the control and case groups were measured at the start and at the end of the study,and recurrent cases of FS were recorded. Results The case group consisted of 29 boys (58% and 21 girls (42% with a mean age of 2.06 ± 0.83, and the control group consisted of 31 boys (62% and 19 girls (38% with a mean age of 2.22 ± 1.04 years. An inverse relationship was found between febrile diseases and serum zinc levels. In other words, the occurrence of febrile diseases decreased with an increase in serum zinc levels.Eight children (16% in the case group and 8 in the control group experienced recurrent FS within a year.ConclusionSupplemental doses of zinc (1mg/kg/day reduced the rate of febrile illnesses,but did not prevent the recurrence of FS.References Margaretha L, Masloman N. Correlation between serum zinc level and simple febrile seizure in children. Paediatr Indones 2010;50(6:326-30.Prasad R, Singh A, Das B, Upadhyay R, Singh T, Mishra O. Cerebrospinal fluid and serum zinc, copper, magnesium and calcium levels in children with Idiopathic seizure. J Clin Diagn Res 2009;3:1841-6.Vestergaard M, Obel C

  3. PREFACE: Physics and biology of neurodegenerative diseases Physics and biology of neurodegenerative diseases

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pastore, Annalisa

    2012-06-01

    -imaging and quantification of human substantia nigra using synchrotron radiation based x-ray fluorescence—in relation to Parkinson's diseaseMagdalena Szczerbowska-Boruchowska, Anna Krygowska-Wajs and Dariusz Adamek Explaining the length threshold of polyglutamine aggregationPaolo De Los Rios, Marc Hafner and Annalisa Pastore The role of iron in neurodegeneration—Mössbauer spectroscopy, electron microscopy, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and neuroimaging studiesJolanta Galazka-Friedman, Erika R Bauminger, Karol Szlachta and Andrzej Friedman Crowding versus molecular seeding: NMR studies of protein aggregation in hen egg whiteD Sanfelice, M Adrover, G Martorell, A Pastore and P A Temussi

  4. Comparison of Serum Zinc Levels among Children with Simple Febrile Seizure and Control Group: A Systematic Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Mehdi NASEHI

    2015-01-01

    Med Sci 2012; 2(90: 43-49.Abaskhanian A, Vahid Shahi K, Parvinnejad N. The Association between Iron Deficiency and the First Episode of Febrile Seizure. J Babol Univ Med Sci 2009; 11(3:32-36.Amiri M, Farzin L, Moassesi ME, Sajadi F. Serum Trace Element Levels in Febrile Convulsion. Biol Trace Elem Res 2010; 135:38–44.Fetveit A. Assessment of febrile seizures in children. Euro J Pedia 2008; 167:17-27.Sadeghzadeh M, Khoshnevis P, Mahboubi E. Iron Status and Febrile Seizure- A Case Control Study in Children Less Than 3 Years. Iran J Child Neurol 2012; 6(4:27-31.Salehiomran MR, Mahzari M. Zinc Status in Febrile Seizure: A Case-Control Study. Iran J Child Neurol. 2013; 7(4:20-23.Shiva S, Barzegar M, Zokaie N, Shiva Sh. Dose Supplemental Zinc Prevents Recurrence of Febrile Seizures?. Iran J Child Neurol 2011; 5(4:11-14.Sadeghzadeh M, Khoshnevis Asl P, Mousavinasab N, Koosha A, Norouzi M. The Relation Between Serum Zinc Level and Febrile Seizures in Children Admitted to Zanjan Valie-Asr Hospital. ZUMS Journal 2011; 19 (74:17-24.Waruiru C, Appleton R. febrile seizures: an update. Archive Dis Child 2004; 89: 751-6.Moosazadeh M, Nekoei-moghadam M, Emrani Z, Amiresmaili M. Prevalence of unwanted pregnancy in Iran: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Int J Health Plann Mgmt, 2013; Published online in Wiley Online Library, DOI: 10.1002/hpm.2184. available at: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/%28ISSN%291099-1751/earlyview.Elm EV, Altman DG, Egger M, Pocock SJ, Gotzsche PC, Vandenbroucke P, et al. The Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE statement: guidelines for reporting observational studies. Preventive medicine 2007; 45(4: 247-251.Shea BJ, Grimshaw JM, Wells GA, Boers M, Andersson N, Hamel C, et al. Development of AMSTAR: a measurement tool to assess the methodological quality of systematic reviews. BMC medical research methodology 2007; 7(1:10.Garty BZ, Olomucki R, Lerman-Sagie T, Nitzan M. Cerebrospinal fluid zinc

  5. TH-D-16A-01: Medical Physics Workshop: Editorial Vision and Guidance On Writing and Reviewing Papers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Williamson, J [Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA (United States); Das, S [Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC (United States); Goodsitt, M [University Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)

    2014-06-15

    article contents WG-2 Improving reader experience Redesigning http://MedPhys.org to host interactive features and gateway to electronic issue archive Experimentation with interactive features beginning with “Point/Counterpoint” Data mining and Journal quality evaluation Find out who are audiences are Identify characteristics of high impact articles Measure effectiveness of innovations Outreach to related communities Special issues presenting high-impact work in designated subcommunities Addressing the needs of new research constituencies: engineers, biophysicists, clinicians Guidelines and templates for reviewers and associate editors: Shiva Das, Therapy Physics Editor We will discuss the Med. Phys. review process and a new initiative to create review templates that attempts to address current shortcomings. Template design is informed by the literature on of the review process effectiveness and practices of other journals. Its goals are to provide authors more constructive criticism to improve the manuscript; quantifying perceived importance and potential impact; and providing structured sections that prompt the reviewer to addresses important technical and editorial elements. While the template is recommended to be used, reviewers could alternatively enter their comments in the older free-form style. The expectations of the template are that it will enable consistently thorough, high quality reviews that accurately separate acceptable vs. substandard submissions but continue our tradition of helping authors to enhance papers with high potential. Ultimately, the goal is to reduce variability and subjectivity in the peer-review process, in turn leading to articles with higher research and clinical impact. We will also discuss interesting perspectives from several journals on aspects of the peer-review process such as public input via comments, influence of author-suggested reviewers, and bias in reviewer selection. Writing good scientific papers and responding to

  6. Serum Thyroid Hormone Levels in Epileptic Children Receiving Anticonvulsive Drugs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abolfazl MAHYAR

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available How to Cite this Article: Mahyar A, Ayazi P, Dalirani R, Hosseini SM, Daneshi Kohan MM. Serum Thyroid Hormone Levels in Epileptic Children Receiving AnticonvulsiveDrugs. Iranian Journal of Child Neurology 2011;5(4:21-24.ObjectiveThe aim of this study was to investigate serum thyroid hormone levels in epileptic children receiving anticonvulsive drugs.Materials & MethodsIn this case- control study, 30 epileptic children who were receiving anticonvulsive drugs (case group were compared with 30 healthy children (control group. This study was carried out in the Qazvin Children's Hospital (Qazvin, Iran from October to December 2007. Both groups were matched for age and sex. Thyroid hormone levels were measured using a radioimmunoassay and immunoradiometric assay. Data were analyzed using Chi-square and Student's t-tests.ResultsThe mean serum T3 and T4 levels in the case group were 2.36 ± 0.73 nmol/L and 95.96 ± 27.01 nmol/L, respectively, and the corresponding values in the control group were 1.88 ± 0.93 nmol/L and 147.46 ± 35.77 nmol/L, respectively. The mean serum thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH levels in the case and control groups were 2.73±0.73 mIU/mL and 2.49 ± 2.17mIU/mL, respectively.ConclusionThis study revealed that long-term consumption of anticonvulsive drugs resulted in a decline in serum T4 levels and an increase in serum T3 levels, but had no effect on TSH levels. 1. Johnston M. Neurodegenerative disorders of childhood;Spingolipidoses. Nelson textbook of pediatrics, 17th edPhiladelphia: Saunders; 2004.P.2031-2.2. Sankar R, Koh S, Wu J, Menkes J. Paroxysmal disorders.In(eds: Menkes JH, Sarnat HB, Maria BL. ChildNeurology; 2006.P.7:877.3. Shiva S, Ashrafi M, Mostafavi F, Abasi F, RahbariA, Shabanian R. Effects of anticonvulsant drugs onthyroid function tests. Iranian Journal of pediatrics2003;13(02:101.4. Kimura M, Yoshino K, Suzuki N, Maeoka Y. Effect ofantiepileptic drugs on thyroid function. Psychiatry andclinical neurosciences

  7. PREFACE: International Symposium on Ultrasound in the Control of Industrial Processes (UCIP 2012)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Segura, Luis Elvira; Resa López, Pablo; Salazar, Jordi; Benedito Fort, José Javier; Martínez Graullera, Óscar

    2012-12-01

    Multiple Scattering of Generic Waves in Particulate Composites' by Félix Alba Consulting. A total of 93 delegates from 21 countries participated actively in this event, and more than ten companies were involved through oral communications, tutorials, exhibition or sponsorship. Conference photograph Conference photograph Organizers Organizers SCIENTIFIC COMMITTEE Dr Luis Elvira, Centro de Acústica Aplicada y Evaluación No Destructiva (CAEND), UPM-CSIC, Spain Dr Pablo Resa, Centro de Acústica Aplicada y Evaluación No Destructiva (CAEND), UPM-CSIC, Spain Dr Oscar F Martinez-Graullera Centro de Acústica Aplicada y Evaluación No Destructiva (CAEND), UPM-CSIC, Spain Dr Jordi Salazar Department of Electronic Engineering Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Spain Dr Jose Benedito Universitat Politècnica de València, Spain ORGANIZING COMMITTEE Dr Luis Elvira, Centro de Acústica Aplicada y Evaluación No Destructiva (CAEND), UPM-CSIC, Spain Prof Malcolm J W Povey, Procter Department of Food Science University of Leeds, United Kingdom Dr Jordi Salazar, Department of Electronic Engineering Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Spain Dr Jose Benedito, Universitat Politècnica de València, Spain Dr Oscar F Martinez-Graullera, Centro de Acústica Aplicada y Evaluación No Destructiva (CAEND), UPM-CSIC, Spain Carmen Duran, Centro de Acústica Aplicada y Evaluación No Destructiva (CAEND), UPM-CSIC, Spain Dr Pablo Resa, Centro de Acústica Aplicada y Evaluación No Destructiva (CAEND), UPM-CSIC, Spain Dra Cristina Aparicio, Centro de Acústica Aplicada y Evaluación No Destructiva (CAEND), UPM-CSIC, Spain Prof Francisco Montero de Espinosa, Centro de Acústica Aplicada y Evaluación No Destructiva (CAEND), UPM-CSIC, Spain Jaime Rodríguez-López, Centro de Acústica Aplicada y Evaluación No Destructiva (CAEND), UPM-CSIC, Spain Dr Carlos Sierra, Centro de Acústica Aplicada y Evaluación No Destructiva (CAEND), UPM-CSIC, Spain Shiva Kant Shukla, Centro de Acústica Aplicada y

  8. Exon Deletion Pattern in Duchene Muscular Dystrophy in North West of Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad BARZEGAR

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available How to Cite This Article: Barzegar M, Habibi P, Bonyady M, Topchizadeh V, Shiva Sh. Exon Deletion Pattern in Duchene Muscular Dystrophy in North West of Iran. Iran J Child Neurol. 2015 Winter; 9(1: 42-48.AbstractObjectiveDuchene and Becker Muscular Dystrophy (DMD/ BMD are x-linked disorders that both are the result of heterogeneous mutations in the dystrophin gene. The frequency and distribution of dystrophin gene deletions in DMD/ BMD patients show different patterns among different populations. This study investigates the deletion rate, type, and distribution of this gene in the Azeri Turk population of North West Iran.Materials &MethodsIn this study, 110 patients with DMD/ BMD were studied for intragenic deletions in 24 exons and promoter regions of dystrophin genes by using multiplex PCR.ResultsDeletions were detected in 63 (57.3% patients, and around 83% localized in the mid-distal hotspot of the gene (on exons 44–52, 21 cases (33.3 % with singleexon deletions, and 42 cases (66.6% with multi-exonic deletions. The most frequent deleted exons were exon 50 (15 % and exon 49 (14%. No deletion was detected in exon 3.ConclusionThis study suggests that the frequency and pattern of dystrophin gene deletions in DMD/ BMD in the Azeri Turk population of North West Iran occur in the same pattern when compared with other ethnic groups.ReferencesEmery AE. Clinical and molecular studies in Duchenne muscular dystrophy. Prog Clin Biol Res 1989; 306:15-28.Moser H. Duchenne muscular dystrophy: pathogenic aspects and genetic prevention. Hum Genet 1984; 66(1:17-40.Emery AE. Population Frequencies of inherited neuromuscular diseases: a world survey Neuromuscul Disord 1991; I (I:19-29.Bushby KM, Thmabyayah M, Gardner M D. Prevalence and incidence of Becker muscular dystrophy. Lancet 1991; 337(8748:1022-1024.Koenig M, Hoffman EP, Bertelosn CJ, Monaco AP, Feener C, Kunkel LM. Complete cloning of the Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD DNA and

  9. Petrogenesis and zircon U-Pb dating of skarnified pyroxene-bearing dioritic rocks in Bisheh area, south of Birjand, eastern Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Malihe Nakhaei

    2014-10-01

    Granodiorite batholith, Eastern Iran. Journal of Economic Geology, 3(2: 127-145. (in Persian Pearce, J.A., 1983. Role of the sub-continental lithosphere in magma genesis at active continental margins. In: C.J. Hawkesworth and M. J. Norry (Editors, Continental basalts and mantle xenoliths. Shiva Publications, Nantwich, UK, pp. 230-249. Reagan, M. K. and Gill, J. B., 1989. Coexisting calcalkaline and high niobium basalts from Turrialba volcano, Costa Rica: implication for residual titanates in arc magma source. Journal of Geophysical Research, 94(B4: 4619-4633. Kuşcu, I., Kuşcu, G.G., Meinert, L.D. and Floyd, P.A., 2002. Tectonic setting and petrogenesis of the Çelebi granitoid, (Kirikkale-Turkey and comparison with world skarn granitoids. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 76(3: 175–194. Rapp, R.P. and Watson, E.B., 1995. Dehydration melting of metabasalt at 8–32 kbar: Implications for continental growth and crust–mantle recycling. Journal of Petrology, 36(4: 891–931.

  10. Frequency of Meningitis in Children Presenting with Febrile Seizures at Ali- Asghar Children’s Hospital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Azita TAVASOLI

    2014-12-01

    febrile seizures. Pediatr Emerg Care 2009;25(8: 494–497.Casasoprana A, Hachon Le Camus C, Claudet l, et al. Value of lumbar puncture after a first febrile seizure in children aged less than 18 months. A retrospective study of 157 cases. Arch Pediatr, 2013. Pil: S0929-693X (1300238-8.Kwang SK. Bacterial meningitis beyond the neonatal period. In: Cherry JD, Harrison GJ, Kaplan Sh L, Steinbach W.J, Hotez PJ, eds. Feigin and Cherry’s textbook of pediatric infectious diseases: Philadelphia, Elsevier, Saunders.2014.P:425-472.Ehsanipour F, Khodapanahandeh F, Aslani Z. The prevalence of meningitis in children with febrile seizure hospitalized at Hazrat Rasoul hospital (1997-2002. Journal of Iran University of Medical Sciences 2004; 44;907-912.Al-Eissa YA. Lumbar puncture in the clinical evaluation of children with seizures associated with fever. PediatrEmerg Care 1995; 11(6:347-350.Ghotbi F, Shiva F. An assessment of the necessity of lumbar puncture in children with seizure and fever. J Pak Med Assoc 2009; 59(5:292-295.Tinsa F, EL GhrbiA, NcibiN, et al. Role of lumbar puncture for febrile seizure among infants under one year old. Tunis Med 2010; 88(3: 178-183.Joshi Bataloo R, Rayamaihi A, Mahaseth C. Children with first episode of fever with seizure: is lumbar puncture necessary? JNMA J Nepal Med Assoc 2008;47(171:109-112.Carrol W, Brookfield D. Lumbar puncture following febrile convulsion. Arch Dis Child 2002; 87:238-240.Laditan AA. Analysis of the results of routine lumbar puncture after a first febrile convulsion in Hofuf, Al-Hassa, Saudi Arabia. East Afr Med J 1995;72:376-Rossi LN, Brunelli G, Duzioni N, et al. Lumbar puncture and febrile convulsion. Helv Pediatr Acta 1986; 41(1-2:19-24.Mikati M A. Febrile seizures. In: Behrman RF, Kliegman RM, Jenson HB. (editors. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 19th ed. Philadelphia: Saunders. 2011. Pp: 2017-19.

  11. Approach to Neurometabolic Diseases from a Pediatric Neurological Point of View

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    Parvaneh KARIMZADEH

    2015-01-01

    . Prevalence of lysosomal storage disorders. JAMA. 1999; 281(3:249-254.Patterson MC, Hendriksz CJ, Walterfang M, et al. Recommendations for the diagnosis and management of Niemann-Pick disease type C: an update. Mol Genet Metab. 2012 ;106(3:330-3.Karimzadeh P, Tonekaboni SH, Ashrafi MR, Shafeghati Y, Rezayi A, Salehpour S, Ghofrani M, Taghdiri MM, Rahmanifar A, Zaman T, Aryani O, Shoar BN, Shiva F, Tavasoli A, and Houshmand M. Effects of Miglustat on Stabilization of Neurological Disorder in Niemann-Pick Disease Type C: Iranian Pediatric Case Series.J Child Neurol. 2013 Dec;28(12:1599-606.Gropman A. Imaging of Neurogenetic and Neurometabolic Disorders of childhood.Current Neurology and NeuroscienceReport. 2004. 4:139-146.Youssef-Turki IB, Kraoua I, Smirani S, Mariem K, Rhouma HB, Rouissi A, Gouider-Khouja N. Epilepsy Aspects and EEG Patterns in Neuro-Metabolic Diseases, Journal of Behavioral and Brain Science.2011. 1: 69-74.PapettiL, ParisiP, LeuzziV, Nardecchiac F, NicitaF, UrsittiF, MarraF, PaolinoMC,SpaliceA. Metabolic epilepsy: an update. Brain & Development. Article in press.Nov 2012.

  12. [Development of forensic thanatology through the prism of analysis of postmortem protocols collected at the Department of Forensic Medicine, Jagiellonian University].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Konopka, Tomasz

    2011-01-01

    . In the collection of more than 60 thousand autopsy protocols, the author managed to find hitherto unknown, interesting cases, e.g. that describing a victim of a fatal accident in a stone quarry, witnessed by Karol Wojtyła during WWII, a victim of an unknown assassination attempt on the life of Bolesław Bierut, as well as protocols of postmortem examinations of bodies of the People's Republic of Poland intelligence agents who died while posted abroad.

  13. Úvodník 2008/III/1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jana Dlouhá

    2008-05-01

    skutečného problému, ale i námětem pro zajímavou práci s dětmi.Do diskuzí o všeobecném základním příjmu a kontroverzi mezi environmentalismem a produktivismem vstupuje Pavel Baran – upozorňuje na kongres Basic Income Earth Network, který se vlastně již konal. Vašemu kritickému pohledu a připomínkám nabízíme poslední verzi Strategie vzdělávání pro udržitelný rozvoj České republiky (2008 – 2015, která právě proběhla mezirezortním připomínkovým řízením. V rubrice Informace uvádíme dva příklady dobré praxe zařazené do tzv. EU Inventory of innovative good practice on education for sustainable development; pokud se zajímáte o ekonomii životního prostředí, všimněte si analytického pohledu na tři kurzy Aleše Lisy a Petra Šauera.Až nakonec se dostáváme k vlajkové lodi našeho časopisu – recenzovaným textům, které jsme pro vás do tohoto čísla připravili. Pavel Žďárský píše o Frommově interpretaci dvou cest člověka, které se manifestují buď v aktivním „biofilním“ postoji a orientaci ke světu, nebo opačné „cestě smrti“. Karol Herian uvažuje nad proměnami ekologického myšlení v souvislosti s vývojem systémových konceptů organického světa; hledá přístupy neredukující jeho složitost a specifika. Jan Činčera se věnuje dvěma protikladným přístupům environmentální výchovy; na základě svých teoretických úvah vyvozuje také závěry pro konkrétní vzdělávací strategie. Tento text těsně souvisí s nerecenzovaným (protože převzatým článkem Marie Öhman & Johan Öhman: Power in action... který se na rozpory ve vzdělávacích konceptech dívá zase z jiné strany. Jiří Nečas znovu klade otázku Opravdu chceme trvale udržitelný rozvoj? Můžeme ji číst s důrazem na jednotlivá slova (Chceme? Trvale? Udržitelný? Rozvoj?, ale má i další dimenzi (Chceme-li opravdu, tedy jak?. Odpovídá (běžným sice, ale nep