WorldWideScience

Sample records for karma yemlerinde kullanilma

  1. Karma United

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Saliev, Kamolidden; Hockerts, Kai

    2013-01-01

    work with the company’s philanthropic activities. Moving on, the case describes the history of hummel and its turnaround in the 1990s from near bankruptcy. The leadership style in hummel International, 'Company Karma', is outlined and links are made to the general concept of corporate social...

  2. Semi-automatic Data Integration using Karma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garijo, D.; Kejriwal, M.; Pierce, S. A.; Houser, P. I. Q.; Peckham, S. D.; Stanko, Z.; Hardesty Lewis, D.; Gil, Y.; Pennington, D. D.; Knoblock, C.

    2017-12-01

    Data integration applications are ubiquitous in scientific disciplines. A state-of-the-art data integration system accepts both a set of data sources and a target ontology as input, and semi-automatically maps the data sources in terms of concepts and relationships in the target ontology. Mappings can be both complex and highly domain-specific. Once such a semantic model, expressing the mapping using community-wide standard, is acquired, the source data can be stored in a single repository or database using the semantics of the target ontology. However, acquiring the mapping is a labor-prone process, and state-of-the-art artificial intelligence systems are unable to fully automate the process using heuristics and algorithms alone. Instead, a more realistic goal is to develop adaptive tools that minimize user feedback (e.g., by offering good mapping recommendations), while at the same time making it intuitive and easy for the user to both correct errors and to define complex mappings. We present Karma, a data integration system that has been developed over multiple years in the information integration group at the Information Sciences Institute, a research institute at the University of Southern California's Viterbi School of Engineering. Karma is a state-of-the-art data integration tool that supports an interactive graphical user interface, and has been featured in multiple domains over the last five years, including geospatial, biological, humanities and bibliographic applications. Karma allows a user to import their own ontology and datasets using widely used formats such as RDF, XML, CSV and JSON, can be set up either locally or on a server, supports a native backend database for prototyping queries, and can even be seamlessly integrated into external computational pipelines, including those ingesting data via streaming data sources, Web APIs and SQL databases. We illustrate a Karma workflow at a conceptual level, along with a live demo, and show use cases of

  3. Clad Treatment in KARMA Code and Library

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Jeong-yeup; Lee, Hae-chan; Woo, Hae-seuk [KEPCO Nuclear Fuel Co., Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2016-05-15

    Zirconium is the main components in clad materials. The subgroup parameters of zirconium were generated with effective cross section which obtained by using flux distribution in clad region. It decreases absorption reaction rate differences with reference MCNP results. Use of composite nuclide is acceptable to increase efficiency but should be limited to specific target composition. Therefore, the use of the composite nuclide of Zircaloy-2 should be limited when HANA clad material is used for clad. Either using explicit components or generating composite nuclide for HANA is suggested. This paper investigates the clad analysis model for KARMA whether current method is applicable to HANA clad material.

  4. Diabetes Destiny in our Hands: Achieving Metabolic Karma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalra, Sanjay; Ved, Jignesh; Baruah, Manash P

    2017-01-01

    Karma is the ancient Indian philosophy of cause and effect, which implies that an individual's intentions, and actions, both have consequences. None can escape the consequences of one's actions. Applying the principle of karma to medicine and healthcare, the significance of optimal and timely interventions at various stages of disease, may be realized. A holistic approach to metabolic control in diabetes translates into improved clinical outcomes, as evident from the result of STENO-2, EMPA-REG OUTCOME, or LEADER trials. The principle of karma in the management of diabetes may have implications at the transgenerational level during pregnancy and nursing, at the individual patient-level based on phenotype, and at the community level in preventive medicine. The concept of metabolic karma can be used as an effective motivational tool to encourage better health care seeking behavior and adherence to prescribed interventions.

  5. Diabetes destiny in our hands: Achieving metabolic karma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanjay Kalra

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Karma is the ancient Indian philosophy of cause and effect, which implies that an individual's intentions, and actions, both have consequences. None can escape the consequences of one's actions. Applying the principle of karma to medicine and healthcare, the significance of optimal and timely interventions at various stages of disease, may be realized. A holistic approach to metabolic control in diabetes translates into improved clinical outcomes, as evident from the result of STENO-2, EMPA-REG OUTCOME, or LEADER trials. The principle of karma in the management of diabetes may have implications at the transgenerational level during pregnancy and nursing, at the individual patient-level based on phenotype, and at the community level in preventive medicine. The concept of metabolic karma can be used as an effective motivational tool to encourage better health care seeking behavior and adherence to prescribed interventions.

  6. Verification of KARMA GEOM/TRPT Module with Given Multi-group Cross Sections

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Koo, Bon Seung; Hong, Ser Gi; Song, Jae Seung

    2009-01-01

    KAERI has developed a two-dimensional multigroup transport theory code KARMA (Kernel Analyzer by Ray-tracing Method for Fuel Assembly). KARMA uses CMFD (Coarse Mesh Finite Difference) accelerated MOC (Method of Characteristics) method for burnup calculation on a single fuel pin, a fuel assembly and a core consisting of rectangular array of fuel pins. KARMA code intends to be employed as a nuclear design tool for the Korean commercial pressurizer water reactor. Prior to the application to actual assembly designs, the code has to be approved by regularity agency. Therefore, it is essential that the reliability of KARMA code should be sufficiently evaluated against well-defined benchmark problems. In this paper, verification of GEOM/TRPT modules of KARMA was performed to confirm a reliability of the KARMA transport solution via comparisons with Monte Carlo calculations by using a consistent set of multi-group macroscopic cross-sections

  7. The Invisible Path of Karma in a Himalayan Purificatory Rite

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arik Moran

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available Indic rites of purification aim to negate the law of karma by removing the residues of malignant past actions from their patrons. This principle is exemplified in the Kahika Mela, a rarely studied religious festival of the West Himalayan highlands (Himachal Pradesh, India, wherein a ritual specialist assumes karmic residues from large publics and then sacrificed to their presiding deity. British officials who had ‘discovered’ this purificatory rite at the turn of the twentieth century interpreted it as a variant of the universal ‘scapegoat’ rituals that were then being popularized by James Frazer and found it loosely connected to ancient Tantric practises. The However, observing a recent performance of the ritual significantly complicated this view. This paper proposes a novel reading of the Kahika Mela through the prism of karmic transference. Tracing the path of karmas from participants to ritual specialist and beyond, it delineates the logic behind the rite, revealing that the culminating act of human sacrifice is, in fact, secondary to the mysterious force that impels its acceptance.

  8. Karma, reincarnation, and medicine: Hindu perspectives on biomedical research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hutchinson, Janis Faye; Sharp, Richard

    2008-12-01

    Prior to the completion of the Human Genome Project, bioethicists and other academics debated the impact of this new genetic information on medicine, health care, group identification, and peoples' lives. A major issue is the potential for unintended and intended adverse consequences to groups and individuals. When conducting research in, for instance, American Indian and Alaskan native (AI/AN) populations, political, cultural, religious and historical issues must be considered. Among African Americans, the Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment is a reminder of racism and discrimination in this country. The goal of the current study is to understand reasons for participating, or not, in genetic research such as the HapMap project and other genetic/medical research from the perspective of the Indian American community in Houston, Texas. In this article, we report on a topic central to this discussion among Indian Americans: karma and reincarnation. Both concepts are important beliefs when considering the body and what should happen to it. Karma and reincarnation are also important considerations in participation in medical and genetic research because, according to karma, what is done to the body can affect future existences and the health of future descendants. Such views of genetic and medical research are culturally mediated. Spiritual beliefs about the body, tissue, and fluids and what happens to them when separated from the body can influence ideas about the utility and acceptability of genetic research and thereby affect the recruitment process. Within this community it is understood that genetic and environmental factors contribute to complex diseases such as diabetes, hypertension, and cancer; and acknowledgment of the significance of environmental stressors in the production of disease. A commitment to service, i.e. "betterment of humanity," karmic beliefs, and targeting environmental stressors could be prominent avenues for public health campaigns in this

  9. The "Karma Level Sexy Bottom" awards are back at CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Bulletin

    2014-01-01

    The highly coveted "Karma Level Sexy Bottom" awards are given to the winners of the “Bike to CERN” competition. There is only one way to secure your place in history: commute to work on your bike, no matter what the weather conditions are and how busy you may feel.   The president of the CERN cycling club, Henrik Nissen (left), with Tim Smith, one of the three winners of the “Bike to CERN” Challenge. At CERN, bikers have a dedicated club and can take part in two popular events designed to challenge them: Bike2Work, which has been going for 10 years and which, every June, mobilises some 50,000 employees from more than 1100 companies and organisations across Switzerland, and the “unofficial Bike to CERN” challenge, which runs throughout the year. In 2013, 125 people took part in this local competition, but many CERN personnel ride to work every day without registering their kilometres. The three winners, all correspond...

  10. Akuntabilitas dalam Perspektif Ajaran Karma Phala Sebagai Pedoman Untuk Membangun Karakter Auditor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ida Ayu Budhananda Munidewi

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Auditor’s accountability consists of aspects such as motivation, social obligations and dedication to profession. These three aspects must be owned by the auditor to be able to produce a good audit quality.Hindu’s society recognize the legal doctrine of karma phala or causal. Due to the reason, this purpose study is to examine the accountability of auditors in the perspective of karma phala. This study used a qualitative method that focuses on the descriptive and the interpretative of human behaviour. The research data was obtained through participant observation and unstructured interview. Data analyze through three stages: data reduction, data presentation and conclusion. The result shows that karma phala actually been embedded in every aspect of auditor’s accountability, but need more emphasis on awareness of the role of auditors in the public and the profession.

  11. Du karma aux planètes From the Karma to the Planets: Arakanese Healers and their Heterogeneous Practices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Céline Coderey

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available En Arakan, les conceptions de la maladie et les pratiques thérapeutiques relevant du bouddhisme theravāda, de l’astrologie, du culte des esprits, de la médecine et de bien d’autres domaines forment un ensemble signifiant et hiérarchisé. Ensemble signifiant parce que malades et thérapeutes considèrent ces conceptions et pratiques comme indissociables les unes des autres et devant donc être combinées afin de mener à bien le processus de guérison. Ensemble hiérarchisé car, à l’intérieur de celui-ci, le bouddhisme occupe une place hégémonique au niveau des valeurs. Néanmoins, dans le domaine thérapeutique, son apport est limité. Ce n’est que combinées aux pratiques astrologiques, médicales, etc. que les pratiques bouddhiques peuvent contribuer à la prévention et au soin des maladies. L’attention est ici portée sur la manière dont laquelle cette totalité signifiante et hiérarchisée s’exprime dans les pratiques des thérapeutes. Sur la base d’une étude de cas, l’article montre que souvent les thérapeutes cumulent plusieurs formations et pratiques plus ou moins hétérogènes afin de pouvoir intervenir sur le plus grand nombre possible de facteurs de la maladie : déséquilibre des éléments corporels, mauvais karma, influences planétaires néfastes, agressions par des puissances maléfiques.In Arakan, sickness-related conceptions and therapeutic practices issuing from Theravada Buddhism, astrology, spirits cult and medicine form a meaningful and hierarchical whole. This whole is meaningful because patients and healers consider that it is the combination of various conceptions and various practices which makes sense and which guarantees the succes of the healing treatement. The whole is hierarchical because conceptions and practices are organised into a hierarchy where Buddhism occupies an hegemonic position. Nevertheless, in the healing field its contribution is limited. Only if combined with

  12. Ideological Support for the Indian Caste System: Social Dominance Orientation, Right-Wing Authoritarianism and Karma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarah Cotterill

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper extends the social dominance perspective to the Indian context by examining the role of belief in Karma (sanchita in the justification of the Indian caste system. Using social dominance theory (Sidanius & Pratto, 1999 and the dual process model (Duckitt, 2001 as guiding theoretical frameworks, we tested four related hypotheses within a sample of 385 Indian university students. In particular we expected that social dominance orientation (SDO and right-wing authoritarianism (RWA would both make relatively strong and independent contributions to participants’ endorsement of Karma (H1, as well as their support for antiegalitarian social policies and conventions (H2. We also predicted that endorsement of Karma, itself, would be strongly related to support for these policies, net of the influence of SDO, RWA, as well as generalized prejudice (H3. Finally, and consistent with the notion that Karma functions as a legitimizing ideology, we hypothesized that it would at least partially mediate, net of generalized prejudice, the relationships between SDO and RWA, on the one hand, and antiegalitarian and conventional social policies, on the other (H4. Results of latent variable structural equation modeling provided support for all four hypotheses. The theoretical implications of these findings are discussed.

  13. Beliefs in karma and reincarnation among survivors of violent trauma--a community survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davidson, Jonathan R T; Connor, Kathryn M; Lee, Li-Ching

    2005-02-01

    This survey was designed to examine beliefs in karma and reincarnation among survivors of violent trauma in the general US population. Two community surveys were conducted in 2001. From a sample of 1,969 respondents, two groups were created based on level of agreement with karmic belief. This sample forms the basis of this report. Information was obtained as to mental and physical health, resilience, exposure to violent trauma, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom severity, and the cohorts were compared on these variables. Five percent of the sample admitted strong agreement to a belief in karma and reincarnation (n=99), while 77% strongly disagreed with these beliefs (n=1,511). Characteristics associated with agreement included being non-white, unmarried, and in poor physical and mental health. Moreover, agreement was associated with more extensive traumatization, including abuse, rape, and loss of a family member through violent death, as well as more severe posttraumatic stress symptoms. Few people subscribe strongly to a belief in karma and reincarnation in the US population, but personal experience of trauma may be associated with greater acceptance, as well as certain demographic and health-associated variables. The importance of holding such beliefs, which may represent an important way of coping following violent trauma, deserves further study.

  14. A positive view on road safety: Can 'car karma' contribute to safe driving styles?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kleisen, Lucienne M B

    2013-01-01

    Many studies in the field of road safety are occupied with studying road unsafety since it generally concentrates on traffic crashes, crash, risk, and aberrant driving behaviour, especially in relation to young drivers. However, this study shows there is scope for thinking about driving and driver training from a different vantage point, that is in terms of safe or normal driving. The findings are reported from four group interviews with young drivers (18-25 years of age); the young drivers discussed their ideas of safe driving and their reasons for using (or not using) safe driving styles. The data show a type of optimistic thinking among young drivers which they call 'car karma'. This finding offers an opportunity to reconceptualise driving in a way that is focused on normal, safe driving styles, a topic that has received less attention in the past. The paper argues that greater focus on safe driving styles could be more conducive to young drivers actually driving safely than focusing on, for instance, crashes, which on an individual level are relatively rare (Elander et al., 1993, p. 277). Based on empirical research, the first positively stated definition of road safety is proposed based on the notion of 'car karma'. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  15. Part 1: Leadership's Influence on Corporate Entrepreneurship in Indian Textile Firms Part 2: Business Plan: Karma Ltd.

    OpenAIRE

    Muthe, Anshul

    2011-01-01

    As part of my dissertation, i created a business plan for an Indian Textile company to establish its own brand in the Indian market. The current booming economy and increase in purchasing power provides an ideal opportunity for Karma ltd. to establish itself. Second i focused on leadership styles and its influence on corporporate entrepreneuership. The research was based in India and provided great insights on leadership and corporate entreprenuership constructs.

  16. The Carpets and Karma: The Resilient Story of the Tibetan Community in Two Settlements in India and Nepal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Venkat Rao Pulla

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper is about the Tibetan people in two settlements, mainly in Nepal and India. Tibetan ref- ugees started crossing the Himalayan range in April 1959, in the wake of the Dalai Lama’s flight into exile and landed mostly in Nepal and India. Tibetans around the world do not know their fu- ture nor do they appear unduly worried. Most of them appear resilient and hopeful to see a ‘free Tibet’ a dream closer to their hearts, someday in the future. In this paper, we delve at their deep association between their philosophy of life based on the principles of ‘karma’ and their everyday economic avocation of weaving ‘carpets’. We find that these people weave their lives around kar- ma and the carpets. Karma embodies their philosophical and spiritual outlook while carpets, mats and paintings symbolise their day-to-day struggles, enterprises to cope, survive, thrive and flour- ish. The ‘karma carpet’ symbolises their journey into the future. The Tibetans although a refugee group do not have the same rights and privileges comparable to other refugees living in the world decreed under the United Nations Conventions. In this paper, we present the socio-economic situ- ation of these refugees, their enterprise and their work ethic that makes them who they are in the Nepalese and in Indian societies. For this research, we have triangulated both desk studies and personal narratives from focus groups and interviews to present a discussion centred on the Ti- betan struggle for human rights and their entrepreneurship through the carpet industry mainly in Nepal and India.

  17. Efficacy of Virechana and Basti Karma with Shamana therapy in the management of essential hypertension: A comparative study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shukla, Gyanendra; Bhatted, Santosh K; Dave, Alankruta R; Shukla, Vageesha Datta

    2013-01-01

    Considering high prevalence and the need to look for alternative medicine, essential hypertension was screened in light of Vata-Pitta Pradhana Rakta Pradoshaja Vikara as mentioned by Acharya Charaka. Comparing the etiological factors, symptomatology, and complications with Rakta Pradoshaja Vikara with that of essential hypertension, a striking similarity was revealed. To prove the practical approach of management of Vata-Pitta Pradhana Rakta Pradoshaja Vikara, a randomized open clinical trial on 33 uncomplicated subjects of essential hypertension was conducted. The subjects were allotted in two groups, viz. (Group A) Virechana group having 16 cases who underwent Virechana Karma by Trivrita, Aragvadha, Eranda Taila, and Draksha Kwatha as Sahapana; and (Group B) Basti group consisting of 17 cases who were administered Dashmoola Kala Basti in which Niruha with Dashmoola Kwatha and Anuvasana with Dashmoola Taila was done. Patients of both the groups were followed by Shamana Chikitsa (Arjunadi Ghanavati). The overall effect of the therapies on systolic and diastolic blood pressure showed that Virechana proved better relief (43.75%) as compared to Basti (29.41%). The response was encouraging and has created scope for further studies.

  18. Kategória eko-karmy – možný fundament riešenia ekologickej krízy (Category of eco-karma as a possible fundament of ecology crisis solution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Róbert Piňák

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available Eco-karma as a category of eco-philosophy can bring a new thinking to philosophy of the western world, because it joins our being with responsibility. Nowadays we can join by eco-karma theory of self-realization by A. Naess with theory of ecological interactive community, which was elaborated by G. Snyder. On the one hand, Snyder brings imposing metaphor of shamanistic community, in which vehicle of information exchange is love and on the other hand Naess shows that self-realization cannot bring its fruit if its fundament is not religious experience. But we can say that eco-karma as new category of eco-philosophy shows new recognize of responsibility, because it describes relation between individual and collective responsibility. Namely Snyder’s shamanistic interactive community representing collective responsibility and religious experience of ego-involvement with being representing individual responsibility as it shows A. Naess. Their synthesis opens new resources of our thinking, which show us that we have divine essence and we may participate in creation of the world.

  19. I. Dünya Savaşı’nda Müttefiklerin (İngiltere-Fransa İskenderun Çıkarması Planı ve İkinci Çanakkale Korkusu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ümmü Gülsüm Polat

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Osmanlı Devleti’nin savaşa girmesinden kısa süre sonra başlatılan Çanakkale Harekâtı başta İngiltere olmak üzere müttefiklerin büyük umutlar bağladığı ve neticesinin kolay ve hızlı biçimde alınacağına inandıkları bir operasyondu. İngiliz savaş kadrosunun en tepe noktasındaki isim olarak Savaş Bakanı Lord Kitchener başta olmak üzere diğer bazı yöneticiler eş zamanlı olarak İskenderun’a da bir çıkarma operasyonu başlatılması konusunda girişimde bulunmuşlar ve bu konuda Fransız müttefikleriyle fikir birliğine ulaşmaya çalışmışlardı. Oysaki daha Çanakkale operasyonunun ilk günlerinden itibaren beklenenin aksine kolay ve hızlı bir deniz zaferi elde edilemeyeceği anlaşılmıştı. Ayrıca İngiltere ve Fransa arasındaki müttefik olmalarına rağmen yaşanan güç mücadelesi, fikir ayrılıkları ve bilhassa Suriye’nin savaş sonrası statüsü noktasında mutabakatın tam olmaması nedeniyle İskenderun üzerine bir operasyon planı hayata geçirilemedi. Bu noktada İngiliz makamları bölgedeki Ermeni nüfusunun desteğini alacaklarını ve burada bulunan az sayıda Osmanlı birliğinin harekâtın başarısını kolaylaştıracağını hesaplamalarına rağmen böylesi bir operasyona kalkışamadılar. Çanakkale’de sergilenen direniş önce Fransız müttefiklerini ve İngiliz savaş ekibini her türlü hazırlığa rağmen ikinci bir operasyon fikrinden kesin olarak vazgeçirdi.

  20. Ürün Pazarlamasında Doğrudan Pazarlama Gelişme Potansiyeli ve Tutundurma Karması İçerisindeki Önemi: Eskişehir İlindeki İşletmelerde Doğrudan Pazarlama Uygulamalarına İlişkin Çalışma

    OpenAIRE

    Geçer, Türkan

    2016-01-01

    Günümüzde doğrudan pazarlamanın uygulama alanı her geçen gün artarak önemini korumaktadır. Doğrudan pazarlama tüketici ile çift yönlü bir pazarlama sistemi olduğundan, hedef kitlelere erişmede geleneksel pazarlama yöntemlerine göre daha etkili olmaktadır. Bu çalışmada doğrudan pazarlama kavramı ve doğrudan pazarlama uygulama aşamaları ayrıntılı bir şekilde incelenmiştir. Çalışmanın araştırma kısmında, işletmelerin doğrudan pazarlama faaliyetlerinin tutundurma karması içerisindeki yeri ve önem...

  1. Analysis of Virechana karma with Danti avaleha: A retrospective study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sreelakshmi Chaganti

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Virechana (therapeutic purgation is a common procedure that is widely practiced among the panchakarma treatments (pentad treatments. Various Virechaka dravyas (purgative drugs have been described for Virechana. Even after critical analysis of Virechaka dravyas in the literature, still there is difficulty in the fixation of dose. Hence, the retrospective analysis of varied outcomes of Virechana with Danti (Baliospermum montanum avaleha (linctus is discussed in this paper. The study included twenty-seven case reports of patients who were administered Virechana with Danti avaleha. These case reports are of patients suffering from various ailments such as irregular menstrual cycles, polycystic ovarian syndrome, primary and secondary infertility, and psoriasis. Danti avaleha was administered at dose of 10 g and 5 g in the Krura (~strong and Madhyama (~moderate/normal Koshta (~GI tract patients, respectively. Among seven Krura koshta patients, three of them resulted with Pravara (excellent Shuddhi and other four resulted with Madhyama (medium Shuddhi. In twenty Madhyama koshta patients, sixteen of them resulted with avara (minimum Shuddhi and remaining four patients resulted with Madhyama shuddhi. Complications like Udara shoola (spasmodic pain of abdomen and Vamana (emesis were observed during Virechana. Majority of the patients suffered with Udara shoola were of Madhyama koshta. Vamana was seen in both Krura and Madhyama koshta patients. Irrespective of the type of Shuddhi and complications, all the patients resulted with Samyak Kaphaantiki Virikta lakshana (signs of perfect purgation with end expulsion of Kapha. The study concluded that the Krura koshta patients were tolerable for dose of 10 g and are expected to attain Pravara Shuddhi. Whereas Madhyama koshta patients were intolerable even to mild dose of 5 g, producing Avara shuddhi.

  2. Killing, karma and caring: euthanasia in Buddhism and Christianity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keown, D; Keown, J

    1995-10-01

    In 1993 The Parliament of the World's Religions produced a declaration known as A Global Ethic which set out fundamental points of agreement on moral tissues between the religions of the world. However, the declaration did not deal explicitly with medical ethics. This article examines Buddhist and Christian perspectives on euthanasia and finds that in spite of their cultural and theological differences both oppose it for broadly similar reasons. Both traditions reject consequentialist patterns of justification and espouse a 'sanctity of life' position which precludes the intentional destruction of human life by act or omission.

  3. Killing, karma and caring: euthanasia in Buddhism and Christianity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keown, D; Keown, J

    1995-01-01

    In 1993 The Parliament of the World's Religions produced a declaration known as A Global Ethic which set out fundamental points of agreement on moral tissues between the religions of the world. However, the declaration did not deal explicitly with medical ethics. This article examines Buddhist and Christian perspectives on euthanasia and finds that in spite of their cultural and theological differences both oppose it for broadly similar reasons. Both traditions reject consequentialist patterns of justification and espouse a 'sanctity of life' position which precludes the intentional destruction of human life by act or omission. PMID:8558539

  4. Health promotion in the “Cancer Early Diagnosis, Screening and Education Centers”in Ankara: Mixed methods research among women/Ankara’daKanser Erken Teşhis Tarama Eğitim Merkezlerinde sağlığı geliştirme:Kadınlar ile yürütülen karma yöntemli bir araştırma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ozge Karadag Caman

    2013-12-01

    itim Merkezleri’nin (KETEM hizmetlerinin, özellikle hizmetlerin sağlığı geliştirme boyutuna odaklanarak değerlendirilmesi amaçlanmıştır.Yöntem: Araştırma grubunu, Ankara’da bulunan KETEM’lere başvuran ve izleme dönemi ile birlikte çalışmaya katılmayı kabul eden 30-70 yaş arası 332 kadın oluşturmaktadır. Çalışmada, karma veri toplama yöntemi (hizmet öncesi ve sonrası anket formları, tıbbi kayıtlar ve odak grup görüşmeleri kullanılmıştır. Niceliksel verilerin analizinde tanımlayıcı istatistikler, ki-kare testi, Fisher’in kesin ki-kare testi, McNemar`ın ki-kare testi, Bowker’in simetri testi ve bağımlı gruplarda t-testi kullanılmış, niteliksel verilerin analizinde ise görünür/açık içerik analizi yapılmıştır. Bulgular: Hizmet sonrası görüşülen katılımcıların (n=319 %97.5’i KETEM’lerin sunduğu hizmetlerden memnun kalmıştır. Katılımcıların kanserden korunmak için alınabilecek önlemler konusunda bilgi düzeyi, hizmet sonrasında anlamlı düzeyde artmıştır (p<0.001. Merkezlerde verilen eğitimler, kanserden korunmaya yönelik önlemler konusundaki bazı bilgileri artırmakla beraber, kendi kendine meme muayenesi sıklığının artması (p<0.001 dışında, diğer sağlık davranışları ile ilişkili bulunmamıştır (p>0.05. Sonuç: KETEM’lerden hizmet alan kadınların çoğu hizmetlerden memnun kalmış ve kanser taramaları ile ilgili sorun yaşamamıştır; ancak bulgular, merkezlerin mevcut hizmetlerinin, kanser konusunda farkındalığı arttırmakla birlikte sağlık davranışlarını önemli düzeyde etkilemediğini göstermektedir. Sağlığı geliştirme hizmetleri kapsamında; kanıta dayalı eğitim ve davranış müdahaleleri ile bu müdahaleleri izleme dönemlerini de içeren çok boyutlu bir yaklaşıma gereksinim vardır. Anahtar Kelimeler: Kanser taraması, sağlığı geliştirme, sağlık eğitimi, sağlık davranışı, koruyucu sağlık hizmetleri   

  5. Karma and Human Rights: Bhutanese Teachers' Perspectives on Inclusion and Disability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamenopoulou, Leda; Dukpa, Dawa

    2018-01-01

    The Sustainable Development Goals call on countries to ensure that all children, especially the most vulnerable, are included in education. The small kingdom of Bhutan has made attempts to embrace inclusion in education at the policy level. However, research on inclusion and disability in this context is limited, and there are few studies focusing…

  6. An essay on Karma Karana: A notion on restructuring the Bali ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Research in Hospitality Management is co-published by NISC (Pty) Ltd and Routledge ... tourism. Statistical data released by the Bali government tourism .... Current conditions in Bali's tourism area. Many areas in Bali are currently in a bad condition. Problems ... really helps the society to “filter” the external cultural elements.

  7. Mootrala Karma of Kusha [Imperata cylindrica Beauv.] and Darbha [Desmostachya bipinnata Stapf.] - A comparative study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shah, Niti T; Pandya, Tarulata N; Sharma, Parameshwar P; Patel, Bhupesh R; Acharya, Rabinarayan

    2012-07-01

    Kusha (Imperata cylindrica Beauv.) and Darbha (Desmostachya bipinnata Stapf.) are enlisted among Trinapanchamoola, which is a well-known diuretic and are individually enumerated in the Mootravirechaneeya Dashemani. The article deals with the evaluation and comparison of the individual Mootrala (diuretic) action of the two drugs in healthy volunteers. In this study, 29 healthy volunteers were divided into three groups administered with Darbha Moola Churna, Kusha Moola Churna, and placebo in each group for 14 days. The volunteers were subjected to evaluation of diuretic activity by maintaining the daily total input-output charts during the course of the study. The volunteers were advised to consume a minimum 2 l of water daily. Results show that Darbha and Kusha leaded to a percentage increase in urine volume as compared to placebo group, but the result was statistically insignificant.

  8. Riigi (majandus)poliitika mõju väärtpaberite hindade kujunemisele / Otto Karma, Priit Sander

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karma, Otto

    2003-01-01

    Matemaatilise mudeli tuletamisest, mis võimaldab kajastada riigi (majandus)poliitika mõju investorite poolt väärtpaberisse investeerimiseks nõutava tegeliku tulunormi suurusele. Selline mudel võimaldaks prognoosida erinevate (majandus)poliitiliste otsuste mõju väärtpaberite hindade arengule. Tabel: Väärtpaberiinvesteeringuga seotud kulud Eestis. Graafikud

  9. Suurbritannia ja Eesti organisatsioonide majandusliku koostöö võimalused : kultuurilised ja organisatsioonikultuurilised aspektid / Kadri Karma, Maaja Vadi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karma, Kadri

    2005-01-01

    Suurbritannia ja Eesti majanduslikust koostööst, organisatsioonide koostööd mõjutavatest kultuurilistest ja organisatsioonikultuurilistest teguritest, ettepanekuid Inglismaa ning Eesti organisatsioonide majandussuhete arendamiseks. Diagramm. Tabel

  10. Yumurta Tavuğu Karma Yemlerine İlave Edilen Bazı Esansiyel Yağların Performans ve Yumurta Kalitesine Etkisi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet Ziya KARAKULLUKÇU

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Effect of Some Essential Oil Supplementation to Laying Hen Diet on Performance and Egg Quality This study aimed to determine the effects of adding myrtus (Myrtus communis L. leaf oil and vitex (Vitex agnus-castus oil in laying hen diet on performance parameters such as live weight, egg production, feed intake, feed efficiency and the internal and the external of egg quality. In the study, a total of 80 white laying hens aged 30 weeks, assigned to 4 groups with 10 replicates. Control group was fed with basal diet. The treatment groups were fed with the diets supplemented 2 ml/kg of myrtus leaf oil, 2 ml/kg of vitex oil and 1 ml/kg of myrtus leaf oil + 1 ml/kg of vitex oil were added to treatment groups feed respectively. In the study, 28.61% of α-pinene and 46.32% of 1.8-cineole were identified in myrtus leaf oil and 13.22% of α-pinene, 14.03% of sabinene and 26.14% of 1.8-cineole were identified as significant active compounds of vitex oil. Supplementation of myrtus leaf oil and vitex oil alone and mix to laying hens diet did not affect body weight, feed intake, egg production and feed efficiency. Egg specific gravity was decreased significantly in group including vitex oil (P0.05. Egg yolk color decreased by mix supplementation of myrtus leaf oil and vitex oil to diet (P≤0.001, but no change was determined by supplementation of these oils as alone (P>0.05. Consequently, it was determined that supplementation as alone or mix of myrtus and vitex volatile oil to the laying hen diet did not affect production performance and internal and external quality of the egg, except for egg specific gravity and yolk color during the peak egg production period.

  11. DOĞRUSAL KARMA ETKİLİ MODELLERDE TAHMİN VE ÇIKARSAMALAR: BİR KARŞILAŞTIRMALI ÇALIŞMA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Özlem AKSOY

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Smoothing methods that use basis functions with penalization can be formulated as fits in formlinear mixed effects models. This allows s uch models to be fitted using sta ndard mixed models structures. In this paper we provide an estimation and inference for linear mixed models using restrict- ed maximum likelihood and penalized spline smoothing, and describe the connection between the two. To this end, a real data example is considered and model is fitted in R using diff erent package. We see that penalized spline smoothing expressed in form of linear mixed model gives the better results than standard mixed effects model.

  12. Prevalence of Acute Malnutrition in Pre-School Children in a Rural ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objectives: To determine the prevalence of acute malnutrition in pre-school children in Karma Albald village, Northern Sudan. Design: Prospective observational study. Setting: Four kindergartens in Karma Albald village, Northern Sudan. Subjects: Pre-school children attending kindergartens in Karma Albald village (n ...

  13. Henequén'ın Dönüşü, Bir Yeşil Lif İle Yucatan'da Karmaşık Bir Tarih

    OpenAIRE

    ANAYA, Yosi

    2014-01-01

    Meksika Mayaları ve Orta Amerika'nın önde gelen liflerinden birisi, sisal olarak bilinen Henequéndir. Sömürgecilik döneminin üretim merkezlerinden birisi olan Yucatan'ınadını alan Henequén, yüzyıllarca Yucatan Yarımadasının “Yeşil Altın”ı olarak bilindi. Yucatek ekonomisi, 20. yüzyıl boyunca ihtiyaç duyulan her türlü ip, halı,çuval ve kaba kumaşları sağlayan henequén tarlaları etrafında gelişti, yerleşti ve serpildi. 20. yüzyılda henequén lifi, daha ucuz fiyatlarla Madagaskar ve Ken...

  14. İlkokul ve Anasınıfı Öğretmenlerinin Karma Yaş Grubu Eğitimi Hakkındaki Görüşleri

    OpenAIRE

    ERTÜRK-KARA, Hatice Gözde

    2018-01-01

    The decline of school startingage find out so many results in Turkey. One of these results is the mixed agegrouping classes. Mixed age grouping classes have occurred in kindergartens (48-68months of age at the same classroom) and first grade of primary schools (66-72months of age at the same classroom) with this regulation. Aim of this study isto examine kindergarten and primary school first grade teachers’ opinions onteaching mixed age group of children. Study group consists of 10 kindergart...

  15. Criticism and Study of the Astrology of the Eckankar Based on the Teachings of Islam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahmoudi, Abdolreza; Shamsaie, Maryam; Kakaei, Hashem

    2017-01-01

    The subject of astrology in the School of Eckankar has two main bases of Karma and reincarnation. Karma or the very law of action and reaction can be called the moral basis of the Eckankar. The totality of this law is accepted by the reason and tradition. But yet what casts doubt and therefore a serious damage to this law would be a tight…

  16. 75 FR 57549 - Fisker Automotive; Grant of Application for Temporary Exemption From Advanced Air Bag...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-21

    ... requirements submitted by a manufacturer of a plug-in hybrid electric car. The basis of the petition was... upgraded the requirements for air bags in passenger cars and light trucks, requiring what are commonly... completely new passenger car model. Design and development of the Karma began in late 2007. The Karma is...

  17. Instances of belief in fate in South India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carl Gustav Diehl

    1967-02-01

    Full Text Available Man's life is predetermined by Karma. The deeds of an earlier existence bear their fruits in the present life. That is why the poor man is poor and the rich is happy with his wealth and good fortune. One man is born a brahman and another spends his days as a pariah. The law of Karma has spread in the wake of Buddhism all over the Indian continent and far beyond, whereas its complement and presupposition Samsara for the most part appears as an intellectual conception with little foundation in popular belief. But Karma is not blind. On the contrary it is absolutely just, and for that very reason inescapable. This is, however, modified in so far as good deeds are both possible and profitable. The fatal consequences of the Karma of previous births end with this span of existence. Life hereafter will depend on the fruits of accumulated Karma here and now.

  18. “Sınıf Genelinde Akran Öğretimi” (SGAÖ Stratejisinin Karma Öğrenme Yeterlilikleri / Yetersizlikleri Olan Öğrencilerin Devam Ettiği İlkokul Sınıfında Etkililiğinin İncelenmesi: Bir Vaka Çalışması

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charikleia Ntoliou

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Bu araştırmanın amacı öğrenme güçlükleri olan öğrencilerin genel eğitim sınıflarına bütünleştirilmesinde etkili bir eğitim yöntemi olan Sınıf Genelinde Akran Öğretimi (SGAÖ stratejisini tartışmaktır. SGAÖ‟nün tanıtılmasına ek olarak, bu makale Yunanistan‟da bir ilkokulun ikinci sınıfında sınıf öğretmeninin öğretici bir araştırmacı ile işbirliğine dayalı olarak çalışarak SGAÖ‟nün öğrencilerin sözcük okuma performanslarına etkisinin programa dayalı değerlendirmeler ile incelendiği bir vaka çalışmasını sunmaktadır. Araştırmanın sonuçları, öğrenme güçlüğü tanısı alma riski olan öğrenciler de dahil tüm öğrencilerin performanslarının arttığını göstermektedir. Makale, yöntemin tartışılması ve ileride yapılacak araştırma ve uygulamalara ilişkin öneriler ile son bulmaktadır. The purpose of this article is to discuss ClassWide Peer Tutoring (CWPT strategy as an effective educational procedure in including students with learning disabilities in general education classroom. In addition to describing CWPT, this article mainly presents a case study in which a primary educator teacher worked collaboratively with an educational researcher in a second grade Greek classroom to examine the impact of CWPT on students‟ word-spelling performance, as monitored on curriculum-based assessments. Data were collected by applying pre- and post-tests. Results indicated that all students, including those being at risk of having learning disabilities, improved their performance. The article concludes with a discussion of the procedure and areas of future research and application.

  19. Karma Testlerin Eşitlenmesinde MTK Eşitleme Yöntemlerinin Eşitlik Özelliği Korunumu Ölçütüne Göre Karşılaştırılması

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neşe ÖZTÜRK GÜBEŞ

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available In this study, Item Response Theory (IRT true-score equating and observed-score equating methods were compared based on preserving test equity property. The data used in this study were 8th grade mathematics test item responses which obtained from booklet 5 and 6 of Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS 2011 Turkey sample. Results showed that while IRT true-score equating outperformed IRT observed-score equating in terms preserving first-order equity, however IRT observed-score equating method IRT true- score equating in terms of second order equity property

  20. Farklı Tüy Dökümü Yöntemlerinin ve Tüy Dökümü Sonrası Karma Yeme Üzüm Posası Katılmasının Performans, Yumurta Kalitesi ve Yumurta Lipid Peroksidasyonuna Etkisi

    OpenAIRE

    KARA, K.; GÜÇLÜ, B. KOCAOĞLU

    2014-01-01

    Sunulan çalışma, kekliklerde faringeal ve laringeal bölgenin makroskobik ve mikroskobik özellikleri ile bu bölümlerdeki bezlerin histokimyasal özelliklerini detaylı bir şekilde tanımlamak için planlanmıştır. Çalışmada 5 dişi ve 5 erkek olmak üzere toplam 10 adet erişkin ve sağlıklı kınalı keklik kullanıldı. Eter anastezisi altında dil ile beraber farinks ve larinks total olarak diseke edildi ve dokular rutin histolojik işlemleri takiben parafinde bloklandı. Kınalı keklikte anatomik olarak glo...

  1. Self-immolation and the exchange of self and others

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sobisch, Jan-Ulrich

    2012-01-01

    On the recent self-immolations as a form of Tibetan protest, the Dalai Lama's statement on it, and its relation to some doctrinal aspects such as karma and the bodhisattvas' ability to exchange of Self and other.......On the recent self-immolations as a form of Tibetan protest, the Dalai Lama's statement on it, and its relation to some doctrinal aspects such as karma and the bodhisattvas' ability to exchange of Self and other....

  2. Comparison of the Theory of Constraints with the Traditional Cost Accounting Methods in Respect to Product Mix Decisions Comparison of the Theory of Constraints with the Traditional Cost Accounting Methods in Respect to Product Mix Decisions = Ürün Karması Kararları Açısından Geleneksel Maliyet Muhasebesi Yöntemleri ile Kısıtlar Teorisinin Karşılaştırılması

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ayten ERSOY

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available This study examines the importance of the theory of constraints compared to the conventional cost accounting in making adequate product mix decisions. To this end, an application in a chemistry enterprise was executed to determine product mix decisions and their effect on profitability by comparing the theory of constraints variable costing method with the full costing method in respect to the throughput approach, the contribution margin approach and the unit profit approach respectively.

  3. Nuclear Characteristics of SPNDs and Preliminary Calculation of Hybrid Fixed Incore Detector with Monte Carlo Code

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Koo, Bon Seung; Lee, Kyung Hoon; Song, Jae Seung; Park, Sang Yoon

    2013-01-01

    In this paper, the basic nuclear characteristics of major emitter materials were surveyed. In addition, preliminary calculations of Cobalt-Vanadium fixed incore detector were performed using the Monte Carlo code. Calculational results were cross-checked by KARMA. KARMA is a two-dimensional multigroup transport theory code developed by the KAERI and approved by Korean regularity agency to be employed as a nuclear design tool for a Korean commercial pressurizer water reactor. The nuclear characteristics of the major emitter materials were surveyed, and preliminary calculations of the hybrid fixed incore detector were performed with the MCNP code. The eigenvalue and pin-by-pin fission power distributions were calculated and showed good agreement with the KARMA calculation results. As future work, gamma power distributions as well as several types of XS of the emitter, insulator, and collector regions for a Co-V ICI assembly will be evaluated and compared

  4. ‘Instant Karma’—Moral Decision Making Systems in Digital Games

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tobias Knoll

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available Moral decision making systems have long been a popular and widely discussed part of computer games; especially in—but not limited to—role-playing games and other games with strong narrative elements. In this article, an attempt will be made to draw a connection between historic and recent concepts of karma and moral decision making systems in digital games, called ‘karma systems’. At the same time, a detailed analysis of one such system (that of Mass Effect 2 will be provided.

  5. Isopleths of surface air concentration and surface air kerma rate due to a radioactive cloud released from a stack (3)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tachibana, Haruo; Kikuchi, Masamitsu; Sekita, Tsutomu; Yamaguchi, Takenori

    2004-06-01

    This report is a revised edition of 'Isopleths of Surface Air Concentration and Surface Air Absorbed Dose Rate due to a Radioactive Cloud Released from a Stack(II) '(JAERI-M 90-206) and based on the revised Nuclear Safety Guidelines reflected the ICRP1990 Recommendation. Characteristics of this report are the use of Air Karma Rate (Gy/h) instead of Air Absorbed Dose Rate (Gy/h), and the record of isopleths of surface air concentration and surface air karma rate on CD-ROM. These recorded data on CD-ROM can be printed out on paper and/or pasted on digital map by personal computer. (author)

  6. Self, other, and astrology: esoteric therapy in Sri Lanka.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perinbanayagam, R S

    1981-02-01

    HARRY STACK SULLIVAN'S argument that anxiety as a fundamental human experience is alleviated by the use of various procedures that he called "security operations" is used in this paper to examine the meaning of astrology in Sri Lanka. Astrology and the doctrine of karma provide the relevant framework in which various forms of misfortune are understood and handled. An examination of cases in Sri Lanka reveals that astrology and the doctrine of karma enable a person of that culture to create a number of structures which have a therapeutic effect.

  7. Discrimination Between Child and Adult Forms Using Radar Frequency Signature Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-14

    karma,” specifically mine , but, despite all that, we were able to bring the project to a successful conclusion. It was not, however, without the help of... Opal , Portland OR). The wireless inertial sensors measure orientation using a combination of accelerometers, gyroscopes, and magnetometers. Neither

  8. Teaching about Culture and Communicative Life in India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jain, Nemi C.

    Basic patterns of culture and communication in India such as world view, reincarnation, concepts of Karma and Dharma, stages of life, the caste system, time orientation, collectivism, hierarchical orientation, language situation, and nonverbal communication norms are an integral part of Hinduism and Indian culture, and have a significant influence…

  9. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... quelques caractéristiques dendrométriques de trois clones d'Hevea brasiliensis Muell ... en champ ecole et en champ de multiplication de semences a Karma (Niger) ... Extraction, purification et caractérisation de deux cellulases du termite, ...

  10. DISCERNMENT: THE MESSAGE OF THE BHAGAVAD-GITA

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The Bhagavad-Gita is an intelligent response to a perennial human predicament which other religions and ... Krishna instructs him that, when a person is capable of watching ..... Chapter 3: Karma Yoga (The yoga of action) – 43 verses. Confused ..... He assures Arjuna that, “he who has given up all desires and move free.

  11. Kumaraswamy autoregressive moving average models for double bounded environmental data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bayer, Fábio Mariano; Bayer, Débora Missio; Pumi, Guilherme

    2017-12-01

    In this paper we introduce the Kumaraswamy autoregressive moving average models (KARMA), which is a dynamic class of models for time series taking values in the double bounded interval (a,b) following the Kumaraswamy distribution. The Kumaraswamy family of distribution is widely applied in many areas, especially hydrology and related fields. Classical examples are time series representing rates and proportions observed over time. In the proposed KARMA model, the median is modeled by a dynamic structure containing autoregressive and moving average terms, time-varying regressors, unknown parameters and a link function. We introduce the new class of models and discuss conditional maximum likelihood estimation, hypothesis testing inference, diagnostic analysis and forecasting. In particular, we provide closed-form expressions for the conditional score vector and conditional Fisher information matrix. An application to environmental real data is presented and discussed.

  12. Bike2Work celebration in honour of the colleagues who registered most kilometers in 2013

    CERN Document Server

    Vigen, Jens

    2014-01-01

    Before the 2014 season was officially launched, the CERN bikers took time to celebrate the strong commitment of biking to work in 2013. The celebration took place in front of Restaurant 1. The president of the CERN Bike Club, Henrik Nissen, was the master of ceremonies and presented a set of prizes: The three first prizes, all corresponding to the so-called "Karma Level Sexy Bottom", went to Tim Smith (7182 km), Martial Dujardin (5109 km) and Gabriele Thiede (4326 km). For the remaining group of participants there were seven extra prizes, attributed from a prize draw - where each of their registered kilometers was used as lottery ticket. In addition all got a diploma stating their karma level .

  13. Understanding suffering and giving compassion: the reach of socially engaged Buddhism into China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuah-Pearce, Khun Eng

    2014-01-01

    This paper will explore the social engagement of Buddhists through their active voluntary works - works that result in the development of a religious philanthropic culture. Through three case examples, this paper will examine how the sangha and individual Buddhists understand social suffering and compassion and attempt to integrate their understanding of Buddhist virtues and values in their daily life where the performance of voluntary works is seen as Buddhist spiritualism. In this process, the individuals seek to understand the key principles of Buddhism that are of direct relevance to their daily existence and their quest to be a compassionate self. Foremost are two notions of yebao (karma) and gan-en (gratitude) and how through compassionate practices and gratitude for those who accepted compassionate acts, they would be rewarded with good karma. Here, pursuing compassionate acts and the alleviation of social suffering is the pursuit of this-worldly spiritualism.

  14. Farklı Yemlerle Beslemenin Gökkuşağı Alabalığı (Oncorhynchus mykiss)’nda Hematokrit ve Hemoglobin Miktarı Üzerine Etkileri / The Effects of Liver Feed on Hematocrit and Hemoglobin Levels of Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)

    OpenAIRE

    Atamanalp, Muhammed; Bayır, Abdulkadir; Sirkecioğlu, A. Necdet; Yanık, Telat; Yılmaz, Mehtap; Cengiz, Mehtap

    2010-01-01

    ÖZET: Bu araştırmada beslenme-kan parametre ilişkisini ortaya koymak amacıyla kontrollü yetiştirme şartlarında tutulan gökkuşağı alabalıkları (Oncorhynchus mykiss)’ nda rasyona karaciğer ilavesinin hematokrit ve hemoglobin değerleri üzerine etkileri belirlenmeye çalışılmıştır. Karaciğerle beslenen balıklarda gerek hemoglobin gerekse hematokrit değerleri, karaciğer + kuru karma yem ve yalnızca kuru karma yemle beslenen gruplara nazaran &...

  15. Lives-long learning: the effects of reincarnation belief on everyday life in England1

    OpenAIRE

    Walter, Tony; Waterhouse, Helen

    2001-01-01

    A sizeable minority of Westerners who have no particular connection with Eastern or New Age religions nevertheless claim to believe in reincarnation. Does this belief affect their practical morality and how they think about suffering and injustice? An interview study conducted in England mapped the range of meanings such people give to reincarnation, and found: 1) Karma was widely referred to, but in the context of Western notions of self-improvement; there was little recognition of the possi...

  16. Childhood disability and parental moral responsibility in northern Vietnam

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gammeltoft, Tine

    2008-01-01

    a phenomenologically inspired 'intercorporeal' perspective as a conceptual alternative to 'medical' and 'social' models of disability. Through this approach I show how, in northern Vietnam, disability in children brings into question the moral integrity of their parents and how this compels parents to define...... their children's subjectivities in ways that diminish their personhood. The analysis identifies Buddhist notions of karma, everyday ethics of reciprocity, and party-state discourses of productivity as particularly important forces structuring such social responses to human impairment....

  17. Facing up to disability

    OpenAIRE

    Tom Shakespeare

    2013-01-01

    Ways of thinking about and responding to disability have radically changed in recent decades. Traditionally, disability was regarded in terms of sin, karma, or divine punishment. More recently, disability was made a medical issue and defined in terms of shortcomings of body or mind, which had to be prevented or cured at all costs. In the late 20th century, people with disabilities worldwide became more organised and created national and international disabled people’s organisations. They succ...

  18. Genetics and genomics of musical abilities

    OpenAIRE

    Oikkonen, Jaana

    2016-01-01

    Most people have the capacity for music perception and production, but the degree of music competency varies between individuals. In this thesis, I studied abilities to identify pitch, tone duration and sound patterns with Karma s test for auditory structuring (KMT), and Seashore s tests for time (ST) and pitch (SP). These abilities can be considered as basic components of musicality. Additionally, I studied self-reported musical activities, especially composing and arranging. Musical ability...

  19. Bioethics for clinicians: 19. Hinduism and Sikhism

    OpenAIRE

    Coward, Harold; Sidhu, Tejinder

    2000-01-01

    Hindus and Sikhs constitute important minority communities in Canada. Although their cultural and religious traditions have profound differences, they both traditionally take a duty-based rather than rights-based approach to ethical decision-making. These traditions also share a belief in rebirth, a concept of karma (in which experiences in one life influence experiences in future lives), an emphasis on the value of purity, and a holistic view of the person that affirms the importance of fami...

  20. Relasi Tuhan Dan Manusia (Refleksi Platonis atas Hinduisme

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muliadi Muliadi

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the relationship of God and man in view of Hinduism. The paradigm used in this reflection is the Plato's metaphysics about relatinships pattern of Idea and reality. View of Hinduism, Brahman is the highest Idea that must be addressed by all human beings. To make it easier to understand God or Brahman, in Hinduism there is the understanding that God manifests itself in various forms of gods and goddesses. Man in view of Hinduism, has same elements with the universe as the manifestation of God, then to recognize God, man can also through the understanding of human identity that is Atman. Hinduism teaches various ways or methods to serve and understand God, including of it: bhakti yoga, karma yoga, jnana yoga and raja yoga. In this life, humans are bounded by responsibility. If  it’s actions or works are good, so humans will find good result, but if the evil that is done, then humans will get karma. Karma is what prevented him to merge with Brahman / Atman, so that human life will undergo a series or sequence of rebirth, even in the form of lower called samsara. To break this samsara, people should stay away from the mirage of life, do the good, and be aware or understand of their identity that blends with nature is that while blending with the Almighty or moksha.

  1. The Hindu view on facts (Karman as reflected in Bhagavad Gītā and Upanishads and their role in Christianity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    PhD. Alexandru-Corneliu ARION

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Out of the four fundamental concepts or pillars of Indian religious thinking the present paper aims at disclosing the meaning and significance of the law of universal causality that binds man and cosmos, and condemns the former to an indefinite transmigration, i.e. the law of karma. This pan-Indian term will be underlined as it is reflected in the most important Upanishads and in Bhagavad Gītā, the gospel of Hindu spirituality. On the final part a parallel – between this concept and the teaching about the role of facts in the process of salvation according to the Orthodox Christian theology – will be drawn. In short, karma is a sort of law of causality that makes any action committed by individual leaving behind it a kind of force that causes the joys and sorrows of life, as the action was good or bad. According to Orthodox Church’s teaching good deeds is, along with faith and grace the subjective conditions of salvation, i.e. personal appropriation by every man of the objective redemption brought about by Jesus Christ, the God-man. This appropriation called salvation or sanctification is not simply a gift from God, but a permanent action that lasts throughout human life. If the law of karma acts implacably and independently to the will of man, stamping a fatalist character to life and undermining the human freedom, in Orthodoxy, however, man is not alone, but permanently assisted by the divine grace. But grace does not work irresistibly; it respects human freedom, so the facts present an obvious synergetic character. Therefore, between the Christian teaching on facts and the philosophy of the act, as it emerges from the Upanishads and the Bhagavad Gītā is an abysmal distance that comes to differentiate these two religions on this level as well.

  2. Christian ethic of love and Hindu ethic of dharma: comparative analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pavenkov Oleg Vladimirovich

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available This article is devoted to comparative analysis of two ethic systems: Hindu ethic of dharma and Christian ethic of love. If Christian ethic is the ethic of love, love is in the center of Christian moral values, then Hindu ethic is an example of ethic of law. The moral behavior of gods and humans is determined by Karma and cycle of samsara, which is impossible in Christianity. However forgiveness, self-restraint, non-stealing, purity are common moral obligations for Christians and Hindus.

  3. Christian ethic of love and Hindu ethic of dharma: comparative analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Pavenkov Oleg Vladimirovich

    2014-01-01

    This article is devoted to comparative analysis of two ethic systems: Hindu ethic of dharma and Christian ethic of love. If Christian ethic is the ethic of love, love is in the center of Christian moral values, then Hindu ethic is an example of ethic of law. The moral behavior of gods and humans is determined by Karma and cycle of samsara, which is impossible in Christianity. However forgiveness, self-restraint, non-stealing, purity are common moral obligations for Christians and Hindus.

  4. Chaos for cardiac arrhythmias through a one-dimensional modulation equation for alternans

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dai, Shu; Schaeffer, David G.

    2010-01-01

    Instabilities in cardiac dynamics have been widely investigated in recent years. One facet of this work has studied chaotic behavior, especially possible correlations with fatal arrhythmias. Previously chaotic behavior was observed in various models, specifically in the breakup of spiral and scroll waves. In this paper we study cardiac dynamics and find spatiotemporal chaotic behavior through the Echebarria–Karma modulation equation for alternans in one dimension. Although extreme parameter values are required to produce chaos in this model, it seems significant mathematically that chaos may occur by a different mechanism from previous observations. PMID:20590327

  5. Building Web Reputation Systems

    CERN Document Server

    Farmer, Randy

    2010-01-01

    What do Amazon's product reviews, eBay's feedback score system, Slashdot's Karma System, and Xbox Live's Achievements have in common? They're all examples of successful reputation systems that enable consumer websites to manage and present user contributions most effectively. This book shows you how to design and develop reputation systems for your own sites or web applications, written by experts who have designed web communities for Yahoo! and other prominent sites. Building Web Reputation Systems helps you ask the hard questions about these underlying mechanisms, and why they're critical

  6. Life and death in Kardecist Spiritism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Laura Viveiros de Castro Cavalcanti

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper analyses from an anthropological perspective how Brazilian Spiritism resignifies the current notions of life and death, comparing the notion of reincarnation with the Christian and Catholic notion of purgatory. The search for understanding of the processes of identity construction in this religious system leads to the examination of the notions of reincarnation, karma, evolution, mediumship and probation, which are central to Kardecian cosmology. With this active set of notions, Spiritism proposes a rich set of perspectives about the self, and simultaneously graduates and softens the otherness of death.

  7. Rehabilitative potential of Ayurveda for neurological deficits caused by traumatic spinal cord injury

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanjeev Rastogi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Spinal cord injury (SCI is associated with worst outcomes and requires a prolonged rehabilitation. Ayurvedic indigenous methods of rehabilitation are often utilized to treat such conditions. A case of SCI was followed up for 3 months upon an Ayurvedic composite intervention and subsequently reported. The composite treatment plan involved Ayurvedic oral medications as well as a few selected external and internal pancha karma procedures. A substantial clinical and patient centered outcome improvement in existing neurological deficits and quality of life was observed after 3 months of the Ayurvedic treatment given to this case.

  8. Nepali concepts of psychological trauma: the role of idioms of distress, ethnopsychology and ethnophysiology in alleviating suffering and preventing stigma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kohrt, Brandon A; Hruschka, Daniel J

    2010-06-01

    In the aftermath of a decade-long Maoist civil war in Nepal and the recent relocation of thousands of Bhutanese refugees from Nepal to Western countries, there has been rapid growth of mental health and psychosocial support programs, including posttraumatic stress disorder treatment, for Nepalis and ethnic Nepali Bhutanese. This medical anthropology study describes the process of identifying Nepali idioms of distress and local ethnopsychology and ethnophysiology models that promote effective communication about psychological trauma in a manner that minimizes stigma for service users. Psychological trauma is shown to be a multifaceted concept that has no single linguistic corollary in the Nepali study population. Respondents articulated different categories of psychological trauma idioms in relation to impact on the heart-mind, brain-mind, body, spirit, and social status, with differences in perceived types of traumatic events, symptom sets, emotion clusters and vulnerability. Trauma survivors felt blamed for experiencing negative events, which were seen as karma transmitting past life sins or family member sins into personal loss. Some families were reluctant to seek care for psychological trauma because of the stigma of revealing this bad karma. In addition, idioms related to brain-mind dysfunction contributed to stigma, while heart-mind distress was a socially acceptable reason for seeking treatment. Different categories of trauma idioms support the need for multidisciplinary treatment with multiple points of service entry.

  9. Views of mental illness and mental health care in Thailand: a report of an ethnographic study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burnard, P; Naiyapatana, W; Lloyd, G

    2006-12-01

    This paper reports some of the findings of an ethnographic study carried out in Thailand over a 2-year period. Interviews were conducted with three clinical nurses, three student nurses, 14 nurse educators, one psychiatrist, one Buddhist monk and two lay people (n = 24) about their views of mental health and mental health care in Thailand. Data (comprising field notes and interview transcripts) were analysed with the aid of Atlas.ti. Data were also collected through observation and conversation. This paper reports only the findings from the interviews. Findings emerged under the following headings: Causes of mental illness; Status of the mentally ill; Karma; Merit making; Kwan; Treatment and care; Reasons for becoming a mental health nurse. A range of causes, including the effects of ghosts and spirits, were identified under the first heading. The stigma of mental illness was noted under the second. Karma and merit making are Buddhist concepts and were discussed by many respondents as was the animist concept of kwan. Treatment and care seemed to include both 'modern' and 'traditional' approaches. These findings are discussed and some tentative 'rules' that appear to exist within the culture are mooted. The study is descriptive in nature and the findings cannot be generalized; however, it is hoped that they go some way to illuminate aspects of Thai culture as they relate to the mental health and mental health nursing fields.

  10. Brief Analysis of the Ethic Values Embedded in the Buddhist Law of Causality%佛教因果思想的伦理价值浅析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙建国

    2011-01-01

    佛教伦理提倡"行善积德"、"普度众生"、"大慈大悲",体现了其宗教道德的人本性和生态性伦理观。佛教因果观涵括了善恶有报、改恶从善、劝善度人思想,既注重平等、责任、尊严的社会伦理,也具有深刻的重视环保的生态伦理价值和生态伦理实践意义。%The Buddhist understanding of human self-nature and environmental ethics are well reflected in the fundamental doctrines of doing good,saving all sentient beings and cultivating compassion,advocated in Buddhist ethics of the mind.The theory of Karma-the law of causality-in Buddhist teachings and practice,including the concepts of Karma retribution,changing from cruelty to kindness and helping others do well,lays great emphasis not only on such social ethics as equality,responsibility and dignity,but also on the practice of environmental ethics,which is of great value in the protection of our ecological environment.

  11. A scalable architecture for extracting, aligning, linking, and visualizing multi-Int data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knoblock, Craig A.; Szekely, Pedro

    2015-05-01

    An analyst today has a tremendous amount of data available, but each of the various data sources typically exists in their own silos, so an analyst has limited ability to see an integrated view of the data and has little or no access to contextual information that could help in understanding the data. We have developed the Domain-Insight Graph (DIG) system, an innovative architecture for extracting, aligning, linking, and visualizing massive amounts of domain-specific content from unstructured sources. Under the DARPA Memex program we have already successfully applied this architecture to multiple application domains, including the enormous international problem of human trafficking, where we extracted, aligned and linked data from 50 million online Web pages. DIG builds on our Karma data integration toolkit, which makes it easy to rapidly integrate structured data from a variety of sources, including databases, spreadsheets, XML, JSON, and Web services. The ability to integrate Web services allows Karma to pull in live data from the various social media sites, such as Twitter, Instagram, and OpenStreetMaps. DIG then indexes the integrated data and provides an easy to use interface for query, visualization, and analysis.

  12. Efficacy of Āyurvedic treatment using Pañcakarma combined with balance exercises for disability and balance in progressive supranuclear palsy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jindal, Nitin; Shamkuwar, Manoj K.; Kaur, Jaskirat; Berry, Sadhan

    2012-01-01

    A 55-year-old female presented at Department of Pañcakarma with diagnosis of progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP). For assessing disability, progressive supranuclear palsy rating scale (PSPRS) was used and balance was assessed by using Tetrax Interactive Balance System (IBS) posturography. Āyurvedic treatment was given along with Pañcakarma and balance exercises for 3 months. As part of Āyurvedic treatment, first Virecana karma was done with classical method and then Mātrā basti, Śirobasti, and other palliative treatment was given for 3 months. Amanatidine was not continued during Virecana karma but started thereafter. On comparison with pre-intervention scores, there was a significant improvement in the patient post-treatment. The features which mainly showed improvement were: Eye movements, spontaneous episodes of laughing, dysphagia, dysarthria, double vision, and neck rigidity. Balance showed significant improvement and there was a remarkable decrease in the postural sway. This case study may present new possibilities for treatment of neurodegenerative diseases by Āyurveda. PMID:23929996

  13. PA01.81. Impact of globalisation on health w.s.r. metabolic syndrome and its ayurvedic management)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Layeeq, Shaizi; Srivastava, Alok K

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: According to WHO report 2002,Cardiovacular diseases (CVD) will be the largest cause of death and disability in India by 2012. Metabolic Syndrome (MetS), a constellation of dyslipidemia, elevated blood glucose, hypertension and obesity is emerging as the most common risk factor for CVD. The rising prevalence of individual components of Metabolic Syndrome is mainly attributed to globalisation which has made available cheap, unhealthy food on the main menu & also brought with it sedentary lifestyle. It is a need of time to pay due consideration on the problem and search for alternative medicine. So the aim of the study is: 1. To study the impact of globalisation on health w.s.r Metabolic Syndrome. 2. To assess the clinical efficacy of Panchakarma in its management. Method: For the study large-scale survey, other documented data and published articles were studied. For clinical contrieve 20 patients were registered and were given Virechana Karma followed by administration of Shuddha Guggulu as palliative measure. Result: The results show that globalisation has a great impact on all the components of Metabolic Syndrome. However on management with Panchakarma (Virechana Karma) followed by Shuddha Guggulu encouraging results were found. The overall effect of therapy was found to be 82.5%. Conclusion: There is a high prevalence of metabolic syndrome in India and it is a need of time to consider alternative treatment for its management alongwith change in lifestyle to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease.

  14. Karmic quest: Thai family caregivers promoting a peaceful death for people with AIDS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nilmanat, Kittikorn; Street, Annette F

    2007-12-01

    This paper reports the constructions of karma by four Thai family caregivers living with a dying person with AIDS in Southern Thailand. These four families form a subset of a larger ethnographic case study exploring the experiences of families living with a relative with AIDS. Serial interviews, observations, and field journal were used as data collection methods with the four families. The findings indicated that the karmic quest is a dominant theme in the narratives of these families caring for their loved ones dying with AIDS. The 'calm and peaceful' death that is described in the palliative care literature equated with their desire for the Buddhist philosophy of a harmonious death. The families used the law of karma and reincarnation as their main frame of reference and mobilised their religious resources to create meaning and purpose. Karmic healing activities were aimed at ending suffering, promoting a peaceful and calm death and ensuring a better life in the next one. The findings are important for the development of palliative nursing practice in Thailand by acknowledging religious and cultural values to promote peaceful death.

  15. Association of reproductive history with breast tissue characteristics and receptor status in the normal breast.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gabrielson, Marike; Chiesa, Flaminia; Behmer, Catharina; Rönnow, Katarina; Czene, Kamila; Hall, Per

    2018-03-30

    Reproductive history has been associated with breast cancer risk, but more knowledge of the underlying biological mechanisms is needed. Because of limited data on normal breast tissue from healthy women, we examined associations of reproductive history and established breast cancer risk factors with breast tissue composition and markers of hormone receptors and proliferation in a nested study within the Karolinska Mammography project for risk prediction for breast cancer (Karma). Tissues from 153 women were obtained by ultrasound-guided core needle biopsy as part of the Karma project. Immunohistochemical staining was used to assessed histological composition of epithelial, stromal and adipose tissue, epithelial and stromal oestrogen receptor (ER) and progesterone receptor (PR) status, and Ki-67 proliferation status. An individualised reproductive score including parity, number of pregnancies without birth, number of births, age at first birth, and duration of breastfeeding, was calculated based on self-reported reproductive history at the time of the Karma study entry. All analyses were adjusted for age and BMI. Cumulated reproductive score was associated with increased total epithelial content and greater expression of epithelial ER. Parity was associated with greater epithelial area, increased epithelial-stromal ratio, greater epithelial ER expression and a lower extent of stromal proliferation. Increasing numbers of pregnancies and births were associated with a greater epithelial area in the entire study set, which remained significant among postmenopausal women. Increasing numbers of pregnancies and births were also associated with a greater expression of epithelial ER among postmenopausal women. Longer duration of breastfeeding was associated with greater epithelial area and greater expression of epithelial PR both in the entire study set and among postmenopausal women. Breastfeeding was also positively associated with greater epithelial ER expression among

  16. Hazır Gıda Ürünleri Satın Alma Davranışını Etkileyen Pazarlama Faktörlerinin İncelenmesi: Iğdır İlinde Bir Araştırma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Faruk BAŞTÜRK

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Araştırmanın amacı, Iğdır’daki süper marketlerden hazır gıda satın alan tüketicilerin hazır gıda satın alımını etkileyen pazarlama karması faktörlerini analiz etmektir. Tüketicilerin hazır gıda satın alma davranışlarının yanı sıra bu satın almadan bekledikleri yararları işlevsel ve hazcı bazda incelemek araştırmanın diğer amacıdır. Araştırmanın yöntemi, tanımlayıcı nitelikte ve ampirik şekilde tasarlanmıştır. Araştırmada veri toplama yöntemi ankettir ve kolayda örnekleme yoluyla 408 gözleme ulaşılmıştır. Bulgulara göre, tüketicilerin satın alma davranışını etkileyen pazarlama karması faktörlerinin önem sırasının Ürün-Dağıtım, Fiyat, Ürün, Tutundurma-Dağıtım olduğu; tüketicilerin hazır gıda ürünlerini satın alırken İşlevselci davranışı Hazcılıktan daha fazla sergilediği ve İşlevselcilerin Hazcılara göre 4 pazarlama karması faktörüne daha fazla önem verdiği ortaya çıkmıştır. Sonuçta hazır gıda perakendecilerine özgü öneriler getirilmiştir.

  17. Religious Relationships with the Environment in a Tibetan Rural Community: Interactions and Contrasts with Popular Notions of Indigenous Environmentalism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woodhouse, Emily; Mills, Martin A; McGowan, Philip J K; Milner-Gulland, E J

    Representations of Green Tibetans connected to Buddhism and indigenous wisdom have been deployed by a variety of actors and persist in popular consciousness. Through interviews, participatory mapping and observation, we explored how these ideas relate to people's notions about the natural environment in a rural community on the Eastern Tibetan plateau, in Sichuan Province, China. We found people to be orienting themselves towards the environment by means of three interlinked religious notions: (1) local gods and spirits in the landscape, which have become the focus of conservation efforts in the form of 'sacred natural sites;' (2) sin and karma related to killing animals and plants; (3) Buddhist moral precepts especially non-violence. We highlight the gaps between externally generated representations and local understandings, but also the dynamic, contested and plural nature of local relationships with the environment, which have been influenced and reshaped by capitalist development and commodification of natural resources, state environmental policies, and Buddhist modernist ideas.

  18. Physical Characteristics of Some Soils from the Middle East

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-05-01

    subsurface, matek a from up to 10-15 cm depth SA-12 29 044. ’N 43048’E gravel/ duricrust (Iraq) \\ SA-13 28 058’N 44 048’E silty sand, Karma domes swale...SA-14 29൬.7’N 44 038.1’E sand (Iraq) SA-15 29 024’N 44蔅’E duricrust (Iraq) SA-16 29 024’N 44 053"E silt flat (Iraq) SA-17 28 053’N 45 024’E bulk...Um al Jamajim SA-20 27 000.5’N 45ൟ.0’E swale, Ad Dahna sand sheet, 12 km N of Um al Jamajim SA-21 25 003’N 47 002’E duricrust escarpment SA-22 25

  19. ÜNİVERSİTELERİN PAZARLANMASINDA TUTUNDURMA BOYUTU: KAVRAMSAL BİR İRDELEME

    OpenAIRE

    Yavuzalp Marangoz, Aslıhan; Arslan, F. Müge

    2015-01-01

    Pazarlama, tüm üniversiteler için önemli bir kavram haline gelmiştir. Üniversite sayılarındaki artış, rekabeti de beraberinde getirmektedir. Bu rekabette başarılı olabilmek için öğrencilerin üniversitelerle ilgili hangi konulara dikkat ettiğinin bilinmesi gerekmektedir. Çalışmanın konusunu üniversitelerin pazarlanması oluşturmaktadır. Çalışmanın amacı üniversitelerin pazarlanmasında pazarlama karmasında yer alan tutundurma boyutunun kavramsal olarak irdelenmesidir. Bu bağlamda çalışmada ünive...

  20. Dynamical mechanism of atrial fibrillation: A topological approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marcotte, Christopher D.; Grigoriev, Roman O.

    2017-09-01

    While spiral wave breakup has been implicated in the emergence of atrial fibrillation, its role in maintaining this complex type of cardiac arrhythmia is less clear. We used the Karma model of cardiac excitation to investigate the dynamical mechanisms that sustain atrial fibrillation once it has been established. The results of our numerical study show that spatiotemporally chaotic dynamics in this regime can be described as a dynamical equilibrium between topologically distinct types of transitions that increase or decrease the number of wavelets, in general agreement with the multiple wavelets' hypothesis. Surprisingly, we found that the process of continuous excitation waves breaking up into discontinuous pieces plays no role whatsoever in maintaining spatiotemporal complexity. Instead, this complexity is maintained as a dynamical balance between wave coalescence—a unique, previously unidentified, topological process that increases the number of wavelets—and wave collapse—a different topological process that decreases their number.

  1. PERİFERİK KAN KÜLTÜRÜ VE YÖNETİMİ

    OpenAIRE

    ARDAHAN SEVGİLİ, SEDA; YARDIMCI, FİGEN

    2018-01-01

    Başlık: PERİFERİK KAN KÜLTÜRÜ VE YÖNETİMİTitle: PERIPHERALBLOOD CULTURE AND MANAGEMENTÖzet: Kandolaşımı enfeksiyonları; enfeksiyona neden olan mikroorganizma ile etkilediğicanlı arasında birçok etkileşim sonucunda meydana gelen ve oldukça karmaşık birsüreçtir. Bundan dolayı kan dolaşımı enfeksiyonlarının erken dönemdetanılanması ve tanısına yönelik tedavisinin başlatılması yaşamsal önemtaşımaktadır. Kan kültürleri; ciddi kan dolaşımı enfeksiyonlarının tanımlanmasıve...

  2. Enflasyon Ortamında Mamul Fiyatlandırması

    OpenAIRE

    GÜNEŞ, Recep

    2013-01-01

    Fiyatlandırma konusu farklı bilim dallarında farklı varsayımlaradayandırılarak açıklanmaya çalışılırken, uygulama alanındamaliyet artı metodunun önemli bir yer tuttuğu yapılan saha çalışmalarındaortaya konulmuştur. Maliyet artı kar metodunun genelolarak enflasyonun olmadığı ortamlarda kolayca uygulanabilirken,maliyetlerin sürekli değiştiği enflasyon ortamında fiyatlandırmadaha da karmaşık bir görünüm arz etmektedir. Bu çalışmada,enflasyon ortamında maliyet artı kar metodunun uygulanabilirliği...

  3. Stennis engineer part of LCROSS moon mission

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-01

    Karma Snyder, a project manager at NASA's John C. Stennis Space Center, was a senior design engineer on the RL10 liquid rocket engine that powered the Centaur, the upper stage of the rocket used in NASA's Lunar CRater Observation and Sensing Satellite (LCROSS) mission in October 2009. Part of the LCROSS mission was to search for water on the moon by striking the lunar surface with a rocket stage, creating a plume of debris that could be analyzed for water ice and vapor. Snyder's work on the RL10 took place from 1995 to 2001 when she was a senior design engineer with Pratt & Whitney Rocketdyne. Years later, she sees the project as one of her biggest accomplishments in light of the LCROSS mission. 'It's wonderful to see it come into full service,' she said. 'As one of my co-workers said, the original dream was to get that engine to the moon, and we're finally realizing that dream.'

  4. Turizm Ürünlerinin Pazarlanmasında Fiziksel Kanıt Stratejileri

    OpenAIRE

    Yıldırgan, Recep; Zengin, Burhanettin

    2014-01-01

    Hizmet sektöründe sunulan ürünler, çoğunlukla soyut özellik taşıdığından bu ürünlerin pazarlamasında bazı somut verilerden yararlanmak gerekmektedir. Turizm işletmeleri de ürünlerini daha etkin pazarlayabilmek için bünyelerindeki fiziksel şartları, mekan, dizayn, ışık, renk, logo, işaret simge, ve bunun gibi unsurlarla somut hale getirerek hedef kitlelerin beğenisine sunarlar. Turizm pazarlaması karması açısından fiziksel kanıt elemanı olarak adlandırılan bu unsurlar, müşterinin turisti...

  5. Macho Buddhism: Gender and Sexualities in the Diamond Way

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Burkhard Scherer

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Western Tibetan Buddhist movements have been described as bourgeois and puritanical in previous scholarship. In contrast, Ole Nydahl’s convert lay Karma Kagyu Buddhist movement, the Diamond Way, has drawn attention for its apparently hedonistic style. Focussing on the interpretation of Nydahl’s approach to gender and sexualities, this paper addresses the wider issues of continuity and change during the transition of Tibetan Buddhism from Asia to the West. Nydahl’s pre-modern gender stereotyping, the hetero-machismo of the Diamond Way and the mildly homophobic tone and content of Nydahl’s teaching are interpreted on the background of Indian and Tibetan Buddhist sexual ethics and traditional Tibetan cultural attitudes on sexualities. By excavating the emic genealogy of Nydahl’s teachings, the paper suggests that Nydahl’s and the Diamond Way’s view on and performance of gender and sexualities are consistent with his propagation of convert Buddhist neo-orthodoxy.

  6. Facing up to disability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tom Shakespeare

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Ways of thinking about and responding to disability have radically changed in recent decades. Traditionally, disability was regarded in terms of sin, karma, or divine punishment. More recently, disability was made a medical issue and defined in terms of shortcomings of body or mind, which had to be prevented or cured at all costs. In the late 20th century, people with disabilities worldwide became more organised and created national and international disabled people’s organisations. They successfully demanded that disability be seen as a matter of equal opportunities and human rights, a shift which has now been described in the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. This is a global treaty which has so far been signed by 155 states and passed into law by 127.

  7. Grafik Tasarım Önlisans Programları İçin Bilgilendirme Tasarımı Ders İzlencesi Geliştirilmesi

    OpenAIRE

    Yakar, Güllü

    2015-01-01

    Karmaşık verilerin, basit ve etkili bir biçimdesunulmasına yönelik düzenlemeler gerçekleştirmek; disiplinlerarası bir çalışmaalanı olan bilgilendirme tasarımının görevidir. Bu güncel tasarım alanına yönelikbilgi ve beceri kazanma sürecini kapsayan bilgilendirme tasarımı dersi, Türkiyegenelinde tasarım eğitimi veren yükseköğrenim kurumlarında nispeten yeniniteliktedir. Grafik tasarım/görsel iletişim tasarımı bölümleri lisans programlarındayer bulan bu dersin, önlisans programlarına alınmasına ...

  8. Characterization of Thai Amulets A PIXE Study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Won-In, K.; Suksawang, S.; Intarasiri, S.; Thongleurm, Chom; Kamwanna, T.; Dararutana, P.

    2011-01-01

    The Thai amulets that created in an image of Lord Buddha meditation were made to explain the Dharma of Buddha and believed to bless every life in this world for good karma. Phra Somdej Wat Rakhang amulet is the top of the five most famous Thai amulets. There are many molds with various compositions. In this work, it was the first time that X-ray fluorescence spectrometry methods; scanning electron microscope cooperated with energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometer (SEM/EDS) and particle induced X-ray emission spectroscopy (PIXE) were carried out to analyze their compositions. Two samples were collected from different molds. Results revealed C, Ca and Si were main composition. The differences in their compositions have been used to identify and characterize for each molds

  9. PIXE study on Thai amulet. Phra Somdej Wat Rakhang

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Won-in, K.

    2012-01-01

    Phra Somdej Wat Rakhang amulets which were one of the most famous Thai amulets created in an image of Lord Buddha meditation. They were made to explain the Dharma of Buddha and to bless every life in this world for good karma. Their compositions contained with both inorganic and organic materials such as shell lime, assorted flowers, ashes from incense urns, etc. Various molds were differed both types and compositions. In this work, it was the first time on advanced structural analysis using non-destructive x-ray fluorescence spectrometry methods; particle induced x-ray emission. Samples were selected by various molds to analyze theirs composition. Results revealed the presence of Ca, Al, K, Si and others such as Fe, Cu, Mn and Zn. It was also found that there were differences in concentration of composition. It can be concluded that their matrices were heterogeneous. Each mold may be characterized using the differences in its composition. (author)

  10. Interpreting the Diamond Way: Contemporary Convert Buddhism in Transition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Burkhard Scherer

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper addresses the broader issues of continuity and change during the transition of Tibetan Buddhism from Asia to the West. It looks at the Diamond Way, a contemporary Karma bKa' brgyud lay movement founded by the Danish lay teacher Ole Nydahl. The paper aims to open this area of study by employing a balanced approach between a hermeneutics of suspicion and a hermeneutics of trust, and by adding the historical-critical approach of Tibetan Buddhist Studies to the perspectives of sociology and cultural anthropology. Acknowledging Nydahl as both a charismatic and controversial figure within contemporary Buddhism, the discussion focuses on notions of lay and yogi Buddhism in the Diamond Way and on the question of westernization in Diamond Way practices. The paper concludes by raising questions about the future, continuity and change of Nydahl's heritage after his death.

  11. Unstable spiral waves and local Euclidean symmetry in a model of cardiac tissue

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Marcotte, Christopher D.; Grigoriev, Roman O.

    2015-01-01

    This paper investigates the properties of unstable single-spiral wave solutions arising in the Karma model of two-dimensional cardiac tissue. In particular, we discuss how such solutions can be computed numerically on domains of arbitrary shape and study how their stability, rotational frequency, and spatial drift depend on the size of the domain as well as the position of the spiral core with respect to the boundaries. We also discuss how the breaking of local Euclidean symmetry due to finite size effects as well as the spatial discretization of the model is reflected in the structure and dynamics of spiral waves. This analysis allows identification of a self-sustaining process responsible for maintaining the state of spiral chaos featuring multiple interacting spirals

  12. Unstable spiral waves and local Euclidean symmetry in a model of cardiac tissue.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marcotte, Christopher D; Grigoriev, Roman O

    2015-06-01

    This paper investigates the properties of unstable single-spiral wave solutions arising in the Karma model of two-dimensional cardiac tissue. In particular, we discuss how such solutions can be computed numerically on domains of arbitrary shape and study how their stability, rotational frequency, and spatial drift depend on the size of the domain as well as the position of the spiral core with respect to the boundaries. We also discuss how the breaking of local Euclidean symmetry due to finite size effects as well as the spatial discretization of the model is reflected in the structure and dynamics of spiral waves. This analysis allows identification of a self-sustaining process responsible for maintaining the state of spiral chaos featuring multiple interacting spirals.

  13. Adjoint eigenfunctions of temporally recurrent single-spiral solutions in a simple model of atrial fibrillation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marcotte, Christopher D; Grigoriev, Roman O

    2016-09-01

    This paper introduces a numerical method for computing the spectrum of adjoint (left) eigenfunctions of spiral wave solutions to reaction-diffusion systems in arbitrary geometries. The method is illustrated by computing over a hundred eigenfunctions associated with an unstable time-periodic single-spiral solution of the Karma model on a square domain. We show that all leading adjoint eigenfunctions are exponentially localized in the vicinity of the spiral tip, although the marginal modes (response functions) demonstrate the strongest localization. We also discuss the implications of the localization for the dynamics and control of unstable spiral waves. In particular, the interaction with no-flux boundaries leads to a drift of spiral waves which can be understood with the help of the response functions.

  14. Kombucha ve Sağlık Üzerine Etkileri

    OpenAIRE

    İLERİ, Tülay; BÜYÜKOĞLU, -; TAŞÇI, Fulya; ŞAHİNDOKUYUCU, Fatma

    2014-01-01

    Kombucha, maya ve asetik asit bakterilerinin simbiyotik ilişkisi neticesi tatlandırılmış siyah çayın geleneksel fermentasyonudur. Sağlık üzerine muhtemel etkileri Kombucha’ya olan ilginin artmasına yol açmaktadır. Bu derlemede, biz Kombucha’nın bazı bileşenlerinin özelliklerine ışık tutan çalışmaları ortaya koyduk. Böylece, Kombucha’nın karmaşık mekanizmalarının daha iyi anlaşılması sağlanabilir ve sağlık üzerine Kombucha’nın etkileri hakkında yeni çalışmalar üretilebilir...

  15. GENÇ PAZARIN SATIN ALMA TARZLARININ BELİRLENMESİ ÜZERİNE BİR ARAŞTIRMA

    OpenAIRE

    Ünal, Sevtap; Erciş, Aysel

    2010-01-01

    Özet: Tüketici satın alma davranışı oldukça karmaşık bir süreçtir. Satınalma eylemini gerçekleştirirken tüketici, birçok iç ve dış etkenin katılımı ilekararlarını alır. Tüketicinin satın alma şekli ve seçtiği yöntem bir tarzgeliştirmesini sağlar. Geliştirilen bu tarz, tüketicinin temel satın alma kararınayönelik tutumlarını açıklar. Gençler tüketici olarak pazarda önemli bir payasahiptirl...

  16. Religious and Spiritual Dimensions of the Vietnamese Dementia Caregiving Experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hinton, Ladson; Tran, Jane NhaUyen; Tran, Cindy; Hinton, Devon

    2010-01-01

    This paper focuses on the role of religion and spirituality in dementia caregiving among Vietnamese refugee families. In-depth qualitative interviews were conducted with nine Vietnamese caregivers of persons with dementia, then tape-recorded, transcribed, and analyzed for emergent themes. Caregivers related their spirituality/religion to three aspects of caregiving: (1) their own suffering, (2) their motivations for providing care, and (3) their understanding of the nature of the illness. Key terms or idioms were used to articulate spiritual/religious dimensions of the caregivers’ experience, which included sacrifice, compassion, karma, blessings, grace and peace of mind. In their narratives, the caregivers often combined multiple strands of different religions and/or spiritualities: Animism, Buddhism, Taoism, Confucianism and Catholicism. Case studies are presented to illustrate the relationship between religion/spirituality and the domains of caregiving. These findings have relevance for psychotherapeutic interventions with ethnically diverse populations. PMID:20930949

  17. Bioethics for clinicians: 19. Hinduism and Sikhism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coward, H; Sidhu, T

    2000-10-31

    Hindus and Sikhs constitute important minority communities in Canada. Although their cultural and religious traditions have profound differences, they both traditionally take a duty-based rather than rights-based approach to ethical decision-making. These traditions also share a belief in rebirth, a concept of karma (in which experiences in one life influence experiences in future lives), an emphasis on the value of purity, and a holistic view of the person that affirms the importance of family, culture, environment and the spiritual dimension of experience. Physicians with Hindu and Sikh patients need to be sensitive to and respectful of the diversity of their cultural and religious assumptions regarding human nature, purity, health and illness, life and death, and the status of the individual.

  18. Iterative resonance self-shielding methods using resonance integral table in heterogeneous transport lattice calculations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hong, Ser Gi; Kim, Kang-Seog

    2011-01-01

    This paper describes the iteration methods using resonance integral tables to estimate the effective resonance cross sections in heterogeneous transport lattice calculations. Basically, these methods have been devised to reduce an effort to convert resonance integral table into subgroup data to be used in the physical subgroup method. Since these methods do not use subgroup data but only use resonance integral tables directly, these methods do not include an error in converting resonance integral into subgroup data. The effective resonance cross sections are estimated iteratively for each resonance nuclide through the heterogeneous fixed source calculations for the whole problem domain to obtain the background cross sections. These methods have been implemented in the transport lattice code KARMA which uses the method of characteristics (MOC) to solve the transport equation. The computational results show that these iteration methods are quite promising in the practical transport lattice calculations.

  19. Multi-Group Library Generation with Explicit Resonance Interference Using Continuous Energy Monte Carlo Calculation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Park, Ho Jin; Cho, Jin Young [KAERI, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Kang Seog [Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge (United States); Hong, Ser Gi [Kyung Hee University, Yongin (Korea, Republic of)

    2016-05-15

    In this study, multi-group cross section libraries for the DeCART code were generated using a new procedure. The new procedure includes generating the RI tables based on the MC calculations, correcting the effective fission product yield calculations, and considering most of the fission products as resonant nuclides. KAERI (Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute) has developed the transport lattice code KARMA (Kernel Analyzer by Ray-tracing Method for fuel Assembly) and DeCART (Deterministic Core Analysis based on Ray Tracing) for a multi-group neutron transport analysis of light water reactors (LWRs). These codes adopt the method of characteristics (MOC) to solve the multi-group transport equation and resonance fixed source problem, the subgroup and the direct iteration method with resonance integral tables for resonance treatment. With the development of the DeCART and KARMA code, KAERI has established its own library generation system for a multi-group transport calculation. In the KAERI library generation system, the multi-group average cross section and resonance integral (RI) table are generated and edited using PENDF (point-wise ENDF) and GENDF (group-wise ENDF) produced by the NJOY code. The new method does not need additional processing because the MC method can handle any geometry information and material composition. In this study, the new method is applied to the dominant resonance nuclide such as U{sup 235} and U{sup 238} and the conventional method is applied to the minor resonance nuclides. To examine the newly generated multi-group cross section libraries, various benchmark calculations such as pin-cell, FA, and core depletion problem are performed and the results are compared with the reference solutions. Overall, the results by the new method agree well with the reference solution. The new procedure based on the MC method were verified and provided the multi-group library that can be used in the SMR nuclear design analysis.

  20. Determination compliance abilities of some triticale varieties and comparison with wheat in Southeastern Anatolia conditions of Turkey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kendal, Enver; Tekdal, Sertaç; Aktas, Hüsnü; Karaman, Mehmet

    2014-01-01

    In this research, were used 3 triticale varieties (Tacettinbey, Karma 2000 and Presto), one durum (Sariçanak 98) and one bread (Nurkent) wheat varieties. The study, was randomized as complete block design with four replications in 4 location (southeastern Anatolia of Turkey) and under rainfed conditions during the growing season 2010-2011. With an analysis of variance, significant differences were determined among locations, genotypes and genotype x location interactions at the 1% and 5% level. Following results were obtained: period to heading 109 till 113 days, plant height between 96 and 127 cm, hectoliter weight between 68.2 and 81.7 kg/hl, thousand grain weight between 32.9 and 42.7 g, protein content between 13.3 and 14.7%, humidty kernels at harvest between 9.2 and 9.5% and grain yield between 4409 and 6119 kg/ha(-1). The highest grain yield was obtained with Sariçanak 98 (durum wheat variety) while the best thousant grain weight was obtained by the triticale variety Tacettinbey. The triticale variety Karma 2000 showed higher protein content (14.7%) than other the other triticale varieties as well as durum and bread wheat varieties included trial. For the Southeastern Anatolia Region he results of this study demonstrated that the grain yield of triticale varieties were lower compared to common wheat. Nevertheless the triticale grain yield was higher than these of durum and bread wheat varieties under the more extrem (higher temperature and drought) growing conditions of the Kiziltepe region. For triticale the highest mean grain yield has been obtained fwith the variety Tacettinbey which is spring type. New sping type vatieties are more suitable than wheat for the more extreme growing conditions of the Southeastern Anatolia Region.

  1. Producción y calidad de forraje de variedades de avena en condiciones de temporal en Zacatecas, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo A. Sánchez Gutiérrez

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Se evaluó la pro ducción, calidad y componentes de rendimiento de seis variedades de avena forrajera en Zacatecas. Los experimentos se establecieron en julio de 2011 y 2012 en el municipio de Monte Escobedo. El dise ño experimental fue bloques completos al azar con tres repeticiones, la densidad de siembra fue 120 kg ha -1 y dosis de fertilización de 60-40-00 de N, P 2 O 5 , K. La cosecha fue en estado fisiológico lechoso-masoso. En 2011 y 2012, La variedad Saía sobresalió ( P 0.05 entre variedades con un rango de 10.6 a 13.8 %. En los dos años de estudio Karma presentó las mejores características nutricionales: baja acumulación de fibra detergente neutr o (51 % y acida (33.4 y 35.3 %, valores altos en total de nutrientes digestibles (54 y 58 %, digestibilidad de la materia seca (60 y 62 %, valor relativo del forraje (110 y 113 y energía neta para lactación (1.4 y 1.34 Mcal/kg; P <0.05. Las variables asociadas de manera positiva con forraje seco fueron altura de planta (r=0.701, días a co secha (r=0.685 y proporción de tallo (r=0.629, y negativamente con proporción de espiga (r=-0.629. En calidad nut ricional Karma tuvo mejor valor forrajero. Saia es una buena alternativa para incrementar el rendimiento de forraje por hectárea.

  2. Melamin Plaka İle Kaplanmış Yonga Levhalı (YL-Lam Kutu Mobilyalarda Köşe Birleştirmelerin Yük Taşıma Kapasitesi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustafa ALTINOK

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Kutu mobilya köşe birleştirmelerindeki mukavemet, bu tip ürünlerin kullanım sürelerini doğrudan etkilemektedir. Mukavemeti etkileyen etmenler ise üretim aşamasında seçilen levha, köşe birleştirme tipi ve tutkaldır. Bu çalışmada, karma birleştirme (kavela+yabancı çıtalı yöntemiyle birleştirilmiş melamin plaka ile kaplanmış yonga levha (YL-Lam örneklerde kullanılan farklı tutkalların kutu mobilya köşe birleştirmelerindeki diyagonal zorlamalar (diyagonal basınç ve çekme karşısındaki mukavemet performansları araştırılmıştır. Bu amaçla, faklı tutkal türleri (PVAc, Polimerin, Silikon ile tutkallanmış karma köşe birleştirmeli YL- Lam örnekler hazırlanmıştır. Örneklere diyagonal basınç ve çekme deneyleri uygulanmıştır. Deneyler sonunda silikon tutkallı deney örneklerinde, diğer örneklerden daha yüksek basınç ve çekme direnci tespit edilmiştir. Anahtar kelimeler: Yapıştırıcı, Ahşap Birleştirme, Diyagonal Basma Direnci, Diyagonal Çekme Direnci

  3. REVIEW: TIBETAN ENVIRONMENTALISTS IN CHINA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reviewed by Bill Bleisch

    2018-05-01

    Full Text Available Liu Jianqiang (Ian Rowen, Cyrus K Hui, and Emily T Yeh, translators 2015. Tibetan Environmentalists in China: The King of Dzi. Lanham, Boulder, New York, London: Lexington Books. xxi + 327 pp, index. ISBN 978-0-7391-9973-2 (hardback 105USD - ISBN 978-0-7391-9974-9 (electronic 103.35USD. This translation is an edited and updated version of Sky Beads - Tibetan Legends by Chinese journalist Liu Jianqiang, an accomplished investigative reporter (Fowler and Dean 2006; Shapiro 2016:126. The author began work on the book in 2006 when he was a visiting scholar at Peking University. He subsequently conducted a series of lengthy in-depth interviews with several remarkable individuals from various regions of Tibet - Tashi Dorje Hashi (Tador; Rukai Karma Samdrup (Karma and his older brother, Rinchen Samdrup (Rinchen; Tsewang Gendun Denba (Gendun, Musuo Lobsang Tsundru (Musuo, and others. What may have begun for the author as an investigation of local Tibetan environmental activism soon became something very different and more interesting: an exploration of the "remarkable lives" of individuals who had chosen to play a vibrant part in shaping the present and future of their home. The book explores not only their activities and thoughts on environmental and cultural conservation, but how these were shaped by their pasts and their current beliefs. The narrative digs unabashedly into all aspects of their lives, successes and mistakes, commitments and doubts. There is even an entire chapter devoted to the most intimate details of their complicated love lives, remarkable for the honesty and openness of the interviews.

  4. Atasözü ve Deyim Çevirilerinin Mona Baker Çeviri Stratejilerine Göre İncelenmesi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Perihan YALÇIN

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Bu makalede, atasözü ve deyim çevirilerinde kullanılan stratejiler Mona Baker’in çeviri stratejilerine dayanılarak incelenmiştir. Bu stratejilerden bir kısmı, benzer anlam benzer biçimle çeviri (tam eşdeğerlik, benzer anlam farklı biçimle çeviri (kısmî eşdeğerlik, açımlama ve çıkarma yöntemiyle çeviridir. Çalışmanın amacı, deyim ve atasözleri çevirilerinde kullanılan çeviri stratejilerini belirlemek, sözü geçen çevirilerdeki eşdeğerlik ve farklılıkları göstermektir. Araştırma, yapılan çeviri incelemeleri sonucunda kültür faktörünün çevirideki yeri ve kaynak ve hedef dil arasındaki farklılıklara dikkat çekmek açısından önemlidir. Çalışmada, yazarlar tarafından seçilen atasözleri ve deyim çevirileri, benzer anlam benzer biçimle çeviri (tam eşdeğerlik, benzer anlam farklı biçimle çeviri (kısmî eşdeğerlik , açımlama ve çıkarma yöntemiyle çeviri olmak üzere dört yöntemden yola çıkılarak değerlendirilecektir. Yapılan bulgular neticesinde, atasözleri ve deyim çevirilerinde biçimsel ve anlamsal eşdeğerliğin sağlandığı durumlar olduğu gibi biçimsel ve anlamsal farklılıklar da dikkat çekmektedir. Bu farklılıklar farklı iki dilin sahip olduğu kültür çeşitliliğinden gelmektedir. Atasözü ve deyim çevirileri zor bir iştir. Bir dilden başka bir dile, o dile ait bir kültürü, öğüdü, dersi aynı ifadeleri kullanarak aynı sözdizimiyle aktarmak çok nadir bir durumdur. Bu sebeple, incelenen atasözü ve deyimlerde daha çok farklı ifadelere ve açıklamalara yer verilerek çeviriler yapılmıştır. Çevirilerde çoğunlukla ekleme ve çıkarma yöntemine başvurulmuş erek dilde en iyi anlam yakalanmaya çalışılmıştır. Kelime ya da cümlelerde yapılan çıkarmalar, eklemeler ya da süslemeler çevirmenin o dili nasıl kullanabildiğini ve o dilin zenginliğini göstermektedir; fakat zaman zaman kaynak dildeki ifadelere erek

  5. An Intelligent Strain Gauge with Debond Detection and Temperature Compensation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jensen, Scott L.

    2012-01-01

    The harsh rocket propulsion test environment will expose any inadequacies associated with preexisting instrumentation technologies, and the criticality for collecting reliable test data justifies investigating any encountered data anomalies. Novel concepts for improved systems are often conceived during the high scrutiny investigations by individuals with an in-depth knowledge from maintaining critical test operations. The Intelligent Strain Gauge concept was conceived while performing these kinds of activities. However, the novel concepts are often unexplored even if it has the potential for advancing the current state of the art. Maturing these kinds of concepts is often considered to be a tangential development or a research project which are both normally abandoned within the propulsion-oriented environment. It is also difficult to justify these kinds of projects as a facility enhancement because facility developments are only accepted for mature and proven technologies. Fortunately, the CIF program has provided an avenue for bringing the Intelligent Strain Gauge to fruition. Two types of fully functional smart strain gauges capable of performing reliable and sensitive debond detection have been successfully produced. Ordinary gauges are designed to provide test article data and they lack the ability to supply information concerning the gauge itself. A gauge is considered to be a smart gauge when it provides supplementary data relating other relevant attributes for performing diagnostic function or producing enhanced data. The developed strain gauges provide supplementary signals by measuring strain and temperature through embedded Karma and nickel chromium (NiCr) alloy elements. Intelligently interpreting the supplementary data into valuable information can be performed manually, however, integrating this functionality into an automatic system is considered to be an intelligent gauge. This was achieved while maintaining a very low mass. The low mass enables

  6. The Caulobacter crescentus phage phiCbK: genomics of a canonical phage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gill Jason J

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The bacterium Caulobacter crescentus is a popular model for the study of cell cycle regulation and senescence. The large prolate siphophage phiCbK has been an important tool in C. crescentus biology, and has been studied in its own right as a model for viral morphogenesis. Although a system of some interest, to date little genomic information is available on phiCbK or its relatives. Results Five novel phiCbK-like C. crescentus bacteriophages, CcrMagneto, CcrSwift, CcrKarma, CcrRogue and CcrColossus, were isolated from the environment. The genomes of phage phiCbK and these five environmental phage isolates were obtained by 454 pyrosequencing. The phiCbK-like phage genomes range in size from 205 kb encoding 318 proteins (phiCbK to 280 kb encoding 448 proteins (CcrColossus, and were found to contain nonpermuted terminal redundancies of 10 to 17 kb. A novel method of terminal ligation was developed to map genomic termini, which confirmed termini predicted by coverage analysis. This suggests that sequence coverage discontinuities may be useable as predictors of genomic termini in phage genomes. Genomic modules encoding virion morphogenesis, lysis and DNA replication proteins were identified. The phiCbK-like phages were also found to encode a number of intriguing proteins; all contain a clearly T7-like DNA polymerase, and five of the six encode a possible homolog of the C. crescentus cell cycle regulator GcrA, which may allow the phage to alter the host cell’s replicative state. The structural proteome of phage phiCbK was determined, identifying the portal, major and minor capsid proteins, the tail tape measure and possible tail fiber proteins. All six phage genomes are clearly related; phiCbK, CcrMagneto, CcrSwift, CcrKarma and CcrRogue form a group related at the DNA level, while CcrColossus is more diverged but retains significant similarity at the protein level. Conclusions Due to their lack of any apparent relationship to

  7. Sistem Yaklaşımına Dayalı Bir Metodoloji: Yumuşak Sistemler Metodolojisi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Serap Kurbanoğlu

    1993-06-01

    Full Text Available Bu yazıda Checkland tarafından geliştirilen sistem yaklaşımına dayalı bir metodoloji olan Yumuşak Sistemler Metodolojisi (YSM tanıtılmaktadır. YSM "problemi yaratan nedir" ? veya yaşanan zorlukların üstesinden gelmek için yapılması gereken nedir?" gibi konuların açık olmadığı belirsiz ve karmaşık problem durumlarında kullanılmak üzere geliştirilmiştir. Bu tür problemlerle (karmaşık, belirsiz "katı" olarak tanımlanan problemler arasındaki en temel farklılık ikincisinde sonucun veya başarılmak istenen şeyin önceden bilinmesidir. YSM kavramsal model geliştirmeye dayanır. Geliştirilen kavramsal model gerçek dünyadaki mevcut durumla karşılaştırılır. Ve bu ikisi arasındaki farklılıklar, çözümleri problem durumundaki insanlarla tartışabilecek problem alanlarını aydınlatmaya yardımcı olur. YSM yöneticilerin varsayılan bir problem hakkındaki önyargılı fikirler üzerinde geliştirilmiş zayıf ve hazır çözümlere yönelmelerine engel olur. Bu yazıda önyargılı çözümlerden kaçınmanın ve gerçek problemlere ulaşmanın önemi de ayrıca vurgulanmaktadır.

  8. VIHARA DI TENGAH-TENGAH SERIBU PURA (STUDI KASUS TENTANG KONVERSI AGAMA DARI AGAMA HINDU KE AGAMA BUDHA DI DESA ALASANGKER, KECAMATAN BULELENG, KABUPATEN BULELENG-BALI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ketut Sedana Arta

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini adalah (1 Untuk mengetahui latar belakang adanya anggota masyarakat di Desa Alasangker yang beralih agama dari agama Hindu ke Agama Budha; (2 Untuk mengetahui proses konversi agama dan perkembangan Agama Budha di Desa Alasangker dari awal masuknya sampai sekarang; (3 Untuk mengetahui implikasi konversi agama terhadap keluarga dan desa pakraman Penelitian ini secara metodologis menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif, teknik penentuan informan dengan purposive sampling dan informan terus dikembangkan dengan teknik snowball. Dalam pengumpulan data peneliti menggunakan: (1 Wawancara mendalam dengan membuat pedoman wawancara; (2 Observasi partisipasi. (3 Studi dokumen. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa latar belakang konversi agama di Desa Alasangker disebabkan oleh faktor Interen:1 untuk memperbaiki citra diri, hal ini disebabkan masyarakat yang berkonversi agama pada zaman Orde Lama adalah anggota PKI dan Partindo, sehingga segala aktivitasnya dicurigai oleh masyarakat desa. 2 Kurangnya pemahaman terhadap ajaran agama Hindu, yang disebabkan sumber ajaran agama hanya berasal dari lontar dan buku-buku agama Hindu sulit didapatkan di awal tahun 1970-an ditambah pihak PHDI kurang mengadakan pembinaan ke desa-desa tentang agama Hindu. 3 Faktor kemiskinan, kepapaan disebabkan mereka kehilangan orang tua maupun saudara yang menjadi tulang punggung keluarga. Sedangkan faktor eksternal adalah adanya pengaruh ajaran tokoh-tokoh agama Budha yang mempunyai keahlian dan kharisma, kemiripan ajaran agama Hindu dan Budha seperti ajaran hukum karma, punarbawa, dan tujuan akhir agama hidup manusia, kemudahan-kemudahan yang diberikan dari lembaga agama Budha,  seperti pemberian buku-buku secara gratis.

  9. Investigating heterogeneous nucleation in peritectic materials via the phase-field method

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Emmerich, Heike; Siquieri, Ricardo

    2006-01-01

    Here we propose a phase-field approach to investigate the influence of convection on peritectic growth as well as the heterogeneous nucleation kinetics of peritectic systems. For this purpose we derive a phase-field model for peritectic growth taking into account fluid flow in the melt, which is convergent to the underlying sharp interface problem in the thin interface limit (Karma and Rappel 1996 Phys. Rev. E 53 R3017). Moreover, we employ our new phase-field model to study the heterogeneous nucleation kinetics of peritectic material systems. Our approach is based on a similar approach towards homogeneous nucleation in Granasy et al (2003 Interface and Transport Dynamics (Springer Lecture Notes in Computational Science and Engineering vol 32) ed Emmerich et al (Berlin: Springer) p 190). We applied our model successfully to extend the nucleation rate predicted by classical nucleation theory for an additional morphological term relevant for peritectic growth. Further applications to understand the mechanisms and consequences of heterogeneous nucleation kinetics in more detail are discussed

  10. Rasa Nirdhāraṇa (assessment of taste of Leonotis nepetifolia (L. R. Br.: A preliminary study in healthy volunteers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reshmi Pushpan

    2014-01-01

    Results and Conclusion: On analyzing the data it was found that Leonotis nepetifolia possess predominantly tikta rasa (bitter taste followed by Kasāya rasa (astringent taste. Recent researches and ethnomedicinal claims on Leonotis nepetifolia stand comparable with the pharmacological activities attributed to tikta and kasāya rasa in Ayurvedic classics Rasa nirdhāraṇa can be one of the preliminary steps to initiate the process of screening of an unknown drug along the lines of Ayurvedic pharmacology specially because rasa is the only perceivable parameter. According to Ayurveda, rasa of a dravya has a bearing on its karma (pharmacological action and the identification of rasa could be one of the subjective means for inferring pāρcabhautika constitution of a substance which in turn could help in tentatively inferring guṇa, vîrya and vipāka of the dravya. This paper demonstrates how a simple method can be used without any instruments to do a preliminary assessment of the rasa or taste of a plant.

  11. Gema Perdamaian: Tourism, Religion and Peace in Multicultural Bali

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shinji Yamashita

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Balinese tourism has experienced serious challengesbecause of such negative incidents as the bombings bythe Muslim terrorists in the Balinese resort of Kuta in2002 and 2005. The inter-faith measures enacted as partof the crisis management for Balinese tourism after thebombings on 12 October 2002 are particularly interesting.These measures included joint- prayers to promote interreligiousharmony such as the prayer for world peace, DoaPerdamainan Dunia dari Bali (“Prayer for Peace of the Worldfrom Bali” on 21 October 2002, which was attended bythe minister of religious affairs, who is himself Muslim. Inthis event the bombings were then interpreted by Balineseas an expression of the anger of gods, a consequence ofbad karma. Therefore, a massive ceremony, involving themost powerful priests, was carried out on 15 November2002 in order to cleanse Bali of the trauma of the bombingand restore peace. Since then the “prayer for peace” (GemaPerdamaian, literally “Echo of Peace” has continued to beheld on 12 October every year. By focusing on this eventand the Balinese peace movement after the bombings,this paper discusses a new relationship between tourism,religion and peace within the framework of multiculturalBali in the age of transnationalism.

  12. Sosyal bilgiler dersinde branş derslik sistemi uygulamasının öğretmen, öğrenci ve idareci görüşlerine göre değerlendirilmesi

    OpenAIRE

    Sayar, Pınar

    2016-01-01

    Araştırmanın amacı, Sosyal bilgiler dersinde branş derslik sistemi uygulamasını öğretmen, öğrenci ve idareci görüşlerine göre değerlendirmektir. Araştırmada nicel ve nitel metotların birlikte kullanıldığı karma yöntemin yakınsayan paralel deseni kullanılmıştır. Araştırmanın nicel boyutunda, tarama modeli; nitel boyutunda ise durum çalışması deseni kullanılmıştır. Araştırmanın evrenini, 2015-2016 eğitim öğretim yılında Bartın ilinde branş derslik sistemi uygulayan 27 ortaokul ve bu okullardaki...

  13. Sığırlarda Suni Tohumlama Uygulamaları Yönünden Genomik Seleksiyonun Önemi

    OpenAIRE

    INANÇ, Muhammed Enes; DAŞKIN, Ali

    2015-01-01

     Ekonomik önemi olan verim özelliklerinin çok sayıda gen tarafından belirleniyor olması, hayvan ıslahını karmaşık bir bilim haline getirmektedir. Hayvan ıslahının temel taşlarından biri olan damızlık seçiminde, kullanılmakta olan yöntemlerde generasyon aralığının uzun olması nedeniyle genetik ilerleme hızı da yavaş olmaktadır. Bu nedenle, genomik seleksiyon damızlık seçimi, damızlık kontrolü ve ıslah çalışmalarına hız kazandırmaktadır. Bu seleksiyon yoluyla boğa seçimi sayesinde, boğalar daha...

  14. Religious views of the 'medical' rehabilitation model: a pilot qualitative study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamey, Gavin; Greenwood, Richard

    2004-04-22

    To explore the religious beliefs that patients may bring to the rehabilitation process, and the hypothesis that these beliefs may diverge from the medical model of rehabilitation. Qualitative semi-structured interviews with representatives of six major religions--Islam, Buddhism, Christianity, Judaism, Sikhism, and Hinduism. Representatives were either health care professionals or religious leaders, all with an interest in how their religion approached health issues. There were three recurrent themes in the interviews: religious explanations for injury and illness; beliefs about recovery; religious duties of care towards family members. The Buddhist, Sikh, and Hindu interviewees described beliefs about karma--unfortunate events happening due to a person's former deeds. Fatalistic ideas, involving God having control over an individual's recovery, were expressed by the Muslim, Jewish, and Christian interviewees. All interviewees expressed the fundamental importance of a family's religious duty of care towards ill or injured relatives, and all expressed some views that were compatible with the medical model of rehabilitation. Religious beliefs may both diverge from and resonate with the medical rehabilitation model. Understanding these beliefs may be valuable in facilitating the rehabilitation of diverse religious groups.

  15. Religio-cultural factors contributing to perinatal mortality and morbidity in mountain villages of Nepal: Implications for future healthcare provision

    Science.gov (United States)

    Javanparast, Sara; Dasvarma, Gouranga; Newman, Lareen

    2018-01-01

    Objective and the context This paper examines the beliefs and experiences of women and their families in remote mountain villages of Nepal about perinatal sickness and death and considers the implications of these beliefs for future healthcare provision. Methods Two mountain villages were chosen for this qualitative study to provide diversity of context within a highly disadvantaged region. Individual in-depth interviews were conducted with 42 women of childbearing age and their family members, 15 health service providers, and 5 stakeholders. The data were analysed using a thematic analysis technique with a comprehensive coding process. Findings Three key themes emerged from the study: (1) ‘Everyone has gone through it’: perinatal death as a natural occurrence; (2) Dewata (God) as a factor in health and sickness: a cause and means to overcome sickness in mother and baby; and (3) Karma (Past deeds), Bhagya (Fate) or Lekhanta (Destiny): ways of rationalising perinatal deaths. Conclusion Religio-cultural interpretations underlie a fatalistic view among villagers in Nepal’s mountain communities about any possibility of preventing perinatal deaths. This perpetuates a silence around the issue, and results in severe under-reporting of ongoing high perinatal death rates and almost no reporting of stillbirths. The study identified a strong belief in religio-cultural determinants of perinatal death, which demonstrates that medical interventions alone are not sufficient to prevent these deaths and that broader social determinants which are highly significant in local life must be considered in policy making and programming. PMID:29544226

  16. TİYOSÜLFAT LİÇİ: YÜKLÜ LİÇ ÇÖZELTİLERİNDEN ALTIN KAZANIMI VE ENDÜSTRİYEL UYGULAMALAR – BÖLÜM II

    OpenAIRE

    Ahlatcı, Fırat; Yazıcı, Ersin; Celep, Oktay; Deveci, Hacı

    2017-01-01

    Düşük çevresel etki, yüksek seçimlilik ve hızlı liç kinetiği gibi avantajlara sahip olmasının anı sıra tiyosülfat liçi; belirli refrakter cevherlerden altın kazanımında da yüksek performans östermektedir. Ancak, tiyosülfat liçinin ticarileşememesinin önündeki önemli engellerin başında karmaşık liç kimyası ve çözelti saflaştırma/metal kazanımı aşamasında yüksek etkinlikte uygun ir yöntem geliştirilememiş olması gelmektedir. Bu çalışmada, yüklü tiyosülfat çözeltilerinden altın kazanımı için öne...

  17. Understanding the Persistence of Caste: A Commentary on Cotterill, Sidanius, Bhardwaj and Kumar (2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yashpal A. Jogdand

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available We contextualise Cotterill, Sidanius, Bhardwaj, and Kumar’s (2014 paper within a broader literature on caste and collective mobilisation. Cotterill and colleagues’ paper represents a fresh and timely attempt to make sense of the persistence of caste from the perspective of Social Dominance Theory. Cotterill and colleagues, however, do not examine caste differences in the endorsement of karma, and take behavioural asymmetry among lower castes for granted. Cotterill and colleagues also adhere to a Varna model of the caste system that arguably is simplistic and benefits the upper castes of Indian society. We caution that emphasising behavioural asymmetry and endorsing the Varna model might further stigmatise lower castes, especially Dalits, and feed into a conformity bias already predominant in caste-related psychological research. We argue that the conceptualisation and operationalisation of Right-Wing Authoritarianism, Social Dominance Orientation and legitimising myths in the Indian context needs to take into account the particular meaning and functions of these constructs in specific intergroup contexts, and for identity positions salient within these contexts. We contend that any examination aimed at better understanding the nature of social hierarchy and oppression within the caste system and Indian society in general remains inconclusive without including a focus on the construction and contestation of social categories and social identities.

  18. İşe Alım Süreci Aday Ön Tesbitinde Bulanık Mantık Tabanlı SQL Sorgulama Yönteminin İncelenmesi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Berk GÜLTEKİN

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Bu çalışmada, kurumların aday kayıtlarını tuttuğu insan kaynakları veri tabanın, klasik SQL sorgulama yöntemi ile uygun çıkarımın yapılamadığı sorgulamalarda bulanık mantık ile sorgulama yapımı anlatılmıştır. Böylelikle klasik veri tabanı tablo yapısı referans alınarak SQL sorgulama diline uyumlu, karmaşık sorgulamaların çözümüne alternatif yapı geliştirilmesi sağlanmıştır. Bu çalışmada dikkat çekilmesi istenen diğer noktalardan biri de; klasik veritabanı yapılarına, bulanık teknik kullanarak bilgisayarlardan farklı olarak insanın yaklaşık düşünme ve belirsizlik içeren bilgiler ile işlem yapabilme yeteneğinin kazandırılmasının mümkün olduğudur. Anahtar Kelimeler: İnsan kaynakları, Bulanık mantık, SQL

  19. Religio-cultural factors contributing to perinatal mortality and morbidity in mountain villages of Nepal: Implications for future healthcare provision.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paudel, Mohan; Javanparast, Sara; Dasvarma, Gouranga; Newman, Lareen

    2018-01-01

    This paper examines the beliefs and experiences of women and their families in remote mountain villages of Nepal about perinatal sickness and death and considers the implications of these beliefs for future healthcare provision. Two mountain villages were chosen for this qualitative study to provide diversity of context within a highly disadvantaged region. Individual in-depth interviews were conducted with 42 women of childbearing age and their family members, 15 health service providers, and 5 stakeholders. The data were analysed using a thematic analysis technique with a comprehensive coding process. Three key themes emerged from the study: (1) 'Everyone has gone through it': perinatal death as a natural occurrence; (2) Dewata (God) as a factor in health and sickness: a cause and means to overcome sickness in mother and baby; and (3) Karma (Past deeds), Bhagya (Fate) or Lekhanta (Destiny): ways of rationalising perinatal deaths. Religio-cultural interpretations underlie a fatalistic view among villagers in Nepal's mountain communities about any possibility of preventing perinatal deaths. This perpetuates a silence around the issue, and results in severe under-reporting of ongoing high perinatal death rates and almost no reporting of stillbirths. The study identified a strong belief in religio-cultural determinants of perinatal death, which demonstrates that medical interventions alone are not sufficient to prevent these deaths and that broader social determinants which are highly significant in local life must be considered in policy making and programming.

  20. Evaluation of ISSR markers to assess genetic variability and relationship among winter triticale (x triticosecale wittmack) cultivars

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sozen, E [Anadolu University Yunusemre Campus, Eskisehir (Turkey). Dept. of Biology

    2010-08-15

    The ISSR technique was used to identify genetic relationships in 11 winter hexaploid triticale cultivars Lasko, Stan-1, Malno, Purdy, AN-34, Tatlicak-97, Karma-2000, Presto, Melez-2001, Mikham-2002, Samur Sorti. Twenty ISSR primers were tested and twelve of them amplified clear and reproducible bands. The number of ISSR fragments generated per primer set ranged from 5 to 31 with fragment sizes varying from 320 to 2700bp. A total of 209 ISSR fragments were detected, of which 159 were polymorphic (76.07%). All cultivars were clearly differentiated by their ISSR fingerprints. Based on UPGMA analysis a dendrogram was constructed and 11 triticale cultivars were grouped in two clusters. Cluster I was the largest, comprising 10 cultivars which can be divided into four subclusters. Only one cultivar, Stan-1 was positioned in Cluster II. The polymorphic patterns generated by ISSR profiles showed different degrees of genetic relationship among the cultivars studied. Similarity values between cultivars ranged from 0.59 to 0.89. The results indicate that ISSRs may constitute a relatively simple and efficient method for analysing genetic variation in triticale. (author)

  1. Evaluation of ISSR markers to assess genetic variability and relationship among winter triticale (x triticosecale wittmack) cultivars

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sozen, E.

    2010-01-01

    The ISSR technique was used to identify genetic relationships in 11 winter hexaploid triticale cultivars Lasko, Stan-1, Malno, Purdy, AN-34, Tatlicak-97, Karma-2000, Presto, Melez-2001, Mikham-2002, Samur Sorti. Twenty ISSR primers were tested and twelve of them amplified clear and reproducible bands. The number of ISSR fragments generated per primer set ranged from 5 to 31 with fragment sizes varying from 320 to 2700bp. A total of 209 ISSR fragments were detected, of which 159 were polymorphic (76.07%). All cultivars were clearly differentiated by their ISSR fingerprints. Based on UPGMA analysis a dendrogram was constructed and 11 triticale cultivars were grouped in two clusters. Cluster I was the largest, comprising 10 cultivars which can be divided into four subclusters. Only one cultivar, Stan-1 was positioned in Cluster II. The polymorphic patterns generated by ISSR profiles showed different degrees of genetic relationship among the cultivars studied. Similarity values between cultivars ranged from 0.59 to 0.89. The results indicate that ISSRs may constitute a relatively simple and efficient method for analysing genetic variation in triticale. (author)

  2. Hinduism and death with dignity: historic and contemporary case examples.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dewar, Rajan; Cahners, Nancy; Mitchell, Christine; Forrow, Lachlan

    2015-01-01

    An estimated 1.2 to 2.3 million Hindus live in the United States. End-of-life care choices for a subset of these patients may be driven by religious beliefs. In this article, we present Hindu beliefs that could strongly influence a devout person's decisions about medical care, including end-of-life care. We provide four case examples (one sacred epic, one historical example, and two cases from current practice) that illustrate Hindu notions surrounding pain and suffering at the end of life. Chief among those is the principle of karma, through which one reaps the benefits and penalties for past deeds. Deference to one's spouse or family is another important Hindu value, especially among Hindu women, which can impact the decision-making process and challenge the Western emphasis on autonomy. In addition, the Hindu embrace of astrology can lead to a desire to control the exact time of death. Confounding any generalizations, a Hindu patient may reject or accept treatments based on the individual patient's or family's interpretation of any given tradition. Through an awareness of some of the fundamental practices in Hinduism and the role of individual interpretation within the tradition, clinicians will be better able to support their Hindu patients and families at the end of life. Copyright 2015 The Journal of Clinical Ethics. All rights reserved.

  3. Medytacja nad Pustką. Konteksty buddyjskie w „Końcówce" i „Szczęśliwych dniach” Samuela Becketta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dariusz Piotr Klimczak

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Thanks to Buddhist contexts, present in S. Beckett's two long plays (The Endgame and The Happy Days we understand that death, signifying the ultimate Nothingness and Emptiness appears to be the change of the perceiving substance, which getting rid of the body, is joined with the nonbodily content of the things. Beckett's doxology of the light makes it that since Life is compared to the flame, Death depicts its extinguishing, but at the same time the value of eschatological hope is expressed through Buddhist motifs (karma of the Yoga, little Buddha, nirvana, the wheel of Samsara and the like. Death is for Winnie, Hamm and Clove an internal act of transgression, touching directly the dying person, but at the same time the heroes of Beckett's plays transfer their feeling connected .with dying to the external observer (the spectator. And so Beckett achieved the dimension of the most important function of the theatre of „participation" and „initiation". Recognising Buddhist contexts in Beckett's plays, we accept Death as one of the stages of the biological cycle - being a peculiar kind of repayment of a debt to nature.

  4. Alternans by non-monotonic conduction velocity restitution, bistability and memory

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kim, Tae Yun; Hong, Jin Hee; Heo, Ryoun; Lee, Kyoung J

    2013-01-01

    Conduction velocity (CV) restitution is a key property that characterizes any medium supporting traveling waves. It reflects not only the dynamics of the individual constituents but also the coupling mechanism that mediates their interaction. Recent studies have suggested that cardiac tissues, which have a non-monotonic CV-restitution property, can support alternans, a period-2 oscillatory response of periodically paced cardiac tissue. This study finds that single-hump, non-monotonic, CV-restitution curves are a common feature of in vitro cultures of rat cardiac cells. We also find that the Fenton–Karma model, one of the well-established mathematical models of cardiac tissue, supports a very similar non-monotonic CV restitution in a physiologically relevant parameter regime. Surprisingly, the mathematical model as well as the cell cultures support bistability and show cardiac memory that tends to work against the generation of an alternans. Bistability was realized by adopting two different stimulation protocols, ‘S1S2’, which produces a period-1 wave train, and ‘alternans-pacing’, which favors a concordant alternans. Thus, we conclude that the single-hump non-monotonicity in the CV-restitution curve is not sufficient to guarantee a cardiac alternans, since cardiac memory interferes and the way the system is paced matters. (paper)

  5. Social Capital, Trust, Economic Stress and Religion in a Cohort of 87,134 Thai Adults

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yiengprugsawan, Vasoontara; Seubsman, Sam-ang; Lim, Lynette; Sleigh, Adrian

    2011-01-01

    Social capital includes collective features such as social trust, norms, and networks. This paper examines social capital-related variables against demographic, socioeconomic and geographic characteristics of 87,134 adult distance-learning students from Sukhothai Thammathirat Open University. We have found economic stress to be higher in non-married groups, lower income groups, and those residing in rural areas. Social trust was higher among married, especially with higher income and those in rural areas. Those who were separated, divorced or widowed and those with lower socioeconomic status had the highest economic stress and the least social trust. These groups also reported high importance of religious belief, karma and spiritual belief, along with lower income groups. Despite having high economic stress, social interaction with and support from families were found to be high among those not-married, with lower income, and in rural areas. As Thailand urbanises and progresses economically, diverse patterns of social capital have emerged and some changes might have offset others. For example, we have shown that economic stress associated with low income tends to co-occur with high social interaction and family support. This observation should be reassuring to policymakers aiming to preserve and promote social capital as Thailand continues to urbanise and modernise. PMID:22003268

  6. Impact of culture on healthcare seeking behavior of Asian Indians.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gupta, Vidya Bhushan

    2010-01-01

    Healthcare seeking behavior is a dynamic process that evolves through the stages of self evaluation of symptoms, self treatment, seeking professional advice and acting on professional advice. (Weaver, 1970) This article explores the influence of culture at each of these stages in the context of Asian Indian culture. Although Asian-Indians constitute only 1.5% of the US population they are among the fastest growing minorities in the United States. Through the example of Asian Indian culture this article informs the clinicians that at the initial visit they should explore what the symptoms mean to the patient and what modalities including complementary and alternative (CAM) were used by the patient to address them and at subsequent visits they should explore how their advise was filtered through the prism of the patient's culture and what was adhered to and what was not. In the case of disability and death the clinicians should explore religious beliefs such as karma that help the patient in coping.

  7. DANSIN İLK AKADEMİSYENİ: AGRİPPİNA VAGANOVA (YAŞAMI VE DANS EĞİTİM METODU)

    OpenAIRE

    KOÇKAR, M. Tekin

    2016-01-01

    Dünya Bale sanatının en teknik ve en güçlü eğitim sistemini yaratan Agrippina Vaganova’nın, öz yaşamı ve yaratmış olduğu teknik ile ilgili genel bilgiler bu çalışmanın konusunu oluşturmaktadır. Vaganova’nın dans eğitim metodu üç temel programa dayalıdır: Birincisi; Eğitimin her aşamasının en ayrıntılı biçimde planlanması, ikincisi; dansçının virtüözlük özelliklerini ortaya çıkaracak olan karmaşık egzersizlerin uygulanması, üçüncüsü ise; eğitim sürecinde ayrı ayrı her dansçının yapacağı hareke...

  8. Social media marketing strategy of Yerevan brandy company

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S.A. Movsisyan

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available This is quantitative and qualitative study based on secondary data. The secondary data includes daily, monthly, quarterly data of Yerevan Brandy company's social media websites and annual data of Facebook, LinkedIn, Instagram, Twitter, YouTube companies. The data was obtained from Alexa, Wolframalpha, Similarweb, Socialbakers, Quintly, Fanpage Karma, Facebook, LinkedIn, Instagram, Twitter, YouTube. The research paper consists of six parts: Introduction, Objectives and Methods, Experimental Section, Results and Analysis, Conclusion, References. The first part of the research paper presents the top social media sites in Armenia. The second part describes the type of data and analysis methods, objectives of the research paper. The third part presents the variables and software used in this study. The fourth part introduces the top keywords from search engines sending traffic to Ararat Brandy website, top 5 linking sites to Ararat Brandy website, total visits of website from October, 2015 to March, 2016, website traffic by countries (Q1, 2016, traffic sources (Q1, 2016, the analysis of Ararat Museum Facebook page performance, the analysis of Facebook posts by page metrics, Ararat Armenian Brandy's total Facebook fans, % change, change per weekday, Facebook fans by country, Facebook fans relative change in 2016, simple ordinary least squares (OLS linear regression analysis. Finally, the paper proposes recommendations for improving the Ararat Brandy's website, Facebook, Instagram, LinkedIn, Twitter, YouTube pages' performance.

  9. Illness perspectives of Thais diagnosed with schizophrenia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanseeha, Ladda; Chontawan, Ratanawadee; Sethabouppha, Hunsa; Disayavanish, Chamlong; Turale, Sue

    2009-09-01

    This study explored the perceptions of 18 people diagnosed with schizophrenia from 1-10 years to uncover how they perceived themselves and their illness. It also involved 12 family members who added their perceptions. The data were collected using in-depth interviews, reflective journaling, and observations. The data were analyzed through the lens of Heidegger's hermeneutic phenomenology. Four themes emerged: perceptions of mental illness, perceptions of the causes of illness, perceptions of discrimination, and attempting to live with schizophrenia. The findings included strong underlying cultural and spiritual beliefs, and attitudes unique to the Thai participants, including the causation of schizophrenia by supernatural powers, black magic, and bad karma stemming from past deeds. Understanding the perceptions of the participants might help health-care providers to be more sensitive to those living with schizophrenia in Thailand and elsewhere. In particular, the findings could be useful in informing psychiatric careproviders about developing better caring systems for clients diagnosed with schizophrenia. This should help the sufferers of schizophrenia to live their lives to their own satisfaction and as normally as possible.

  10. TINDAK PIDANA KESOPANAN DIBIDANG KESUSILAAN ( PERZINAHAN DALAM KUHP SERTA PADANANNYA DENGAN HUKUM PIDANA ADAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ida Bagus Made Danu Krisnawan

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Adultery that in terms of customary criminal law known as drati karma a deviant act and violates decency offense under customary law. It is considered a serious offense and is a destructive act of moral and behavior that damages the harmony and balance, causing impure state (cuntaka. From the description that has been proposed, as for the formulation of the problem that arises in this paper is: "Does Crime Decency act in the field of ethics (Adultery who had been sentenced to criminal sanctions in accordance with the Criminal Code may also be subject to criminal sanctions custom?" This type of research used in this research is the research journal of law by using the approach of normative aspect in this case means that the laws of science research using normative legal research. Normative legal research done through the inventory of positive law as a basic introduction before conducting research activities. The study results showed that the process of law enforcement by law enforcement officers in the enforcement of national legislation (the Criminal Code and village that enforce local village who was born based on local wisdom each more attention and importance of concepts of justice. Legal certainty is applied based on the Law and the Constitution of the Pancasila. Law enforcement does not mean sanctions but tends to give priority to justice (Restorative Justice so that the public at large can understand, be aware of and comply with applicable norms.

  11. Aproximación al control de la fase de vuelo de un dirigible

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonardo Solaque Guzmán

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo tiene por objetivo el modelo dinámico de un dirigible (como Karma y UrAn, y la elaboración de un conjunto de leyes de control de velocidad, altitud y dirección cuando el dirigible se desplaza en la fase de vuelo crucero. La primera parte del documento presenta un modelo matemático representativo de las principales dinámicas del dirigible. Luego se muestra una descripción de las principales relaciones de las variables, a partir de un modelado e identificación previos, usados para el planteamiento de modelos reducidos, llamados modelos de control. Una segunda parte está dedicada a la formulación de las estrategias de control, basadas en técnicas PID, GPC y una no Lineal. Estas leyes son planteadas sobre la base del desacople de dinámicas para el vuelo lateral y el vuelo longitudinal. Finalmente se incluyen pruebas de simulación y sobre las estructuras reales.

  12. Selection of doublet cellular patterns in directional solidification through spatially periodic perturbations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Losert, W.; Stillman, D.A.; Cummins, H.Z.; Kopczynski, P.; Rappel, W.; Karma, A.

    1998-01-01

    Pattern formation at the solid-liquid interface of a growing crystal was studied in directional solidification using a perturbation technique. We analyzed both experimentally and numerically the stability range and dynamical selection of cellular arrays of 'doublets' with asymmetric tip shapes, separated by alternate deep and shallow grooves. Applying an initial periodic perturbation of arbitrary wavelength to the unstable planar interface allowed us to force the interface to evolve into doublet states that would not otherwise be dynamically accessible from a planar interface. We determined systematically the ranges of wavelength corresponding to stable singlets, stable doublets, and transient unstable patterns. Experimentally, this was accomplished by applying a brief UV light pulse of a desired spatial periodicity to the planar interface during the planar-cellular transient using the model alloy Succinonitrile-Coumarin 152. Numerical simulations of the nonlinear evolution of the interface were performed starting from a small sinusoidal perturbation of the steady-state planar interface. These simulations were carried out using a computationally efficient phase-field symmetric model of directional solidification with recently reformulated asymptotics and vanishing kinetics [A. Karma and W.-J. Rappel, Phys. Rev. E 53 R3017 (1996); Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 4050 (1996); Phys. Rev. E 57, 4323 (1998)], which allowed us to simulate spatially extended arrays that can be meaningfully compared to experiments. Simulations and experiments show remarkable qualitative agreement in the dynamic evolution, steady-state structure, and instability mechanisms of doublet cellular arrays. copyright 1998 The American Physical Society

  13. Editorial

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2012-01-01

    Biking to work: leave your car at home        Focusing on the environmental and health benefits of using your bike as a means of transportation, Jens Vigen and Yngve Inntjore Levinsen have started two initiatives this year: both a ten-month individual challenge, and a summer team competition to get each and every CERNois out in the saddle this year. The first competition started at the beginning of March with the unofficial Bike2Work challenge, which lasts all year long. Using the Endomondo training application, participants report  the number of kilometres they travel daily while commuting to work by bike. The winner will be the person with the most kilometres, and is promised a lot of good karma coming her or his way. “It is not too late to sign up,” Yngve insists. “It is as much about showing commitment and having fun, as it is about winning.” In June, CERN will officially participate in the natio...

  14. Sea Surface Variability in the Aegean Sea.

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    Şeniz Uçkaç

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Ege Denizi’nde yüzey suyu değişimleri. Ege Denizi’nde fiziksel parametreler iklimsel değişimler, tatlısu girdileri ve su döngüsü gibi faktörlere bağlı olarak yer ve zamana göre değişim göstermektedir. Farklı su kütleleri, özellikle Çanakkale boğazından gelen soğuk Karadeniz suyu ve güney kısımdan girmekte olan Levanten suyu Ege Denizi su özelliklerinin karmaşık yapısına katkıda bulunmaktadır. Bu çalışmada Ege Denizi yüzey suyu sirkülasyonu ve fiziksel özelliklerinin değişimi yerinde ölçümler kullanılarak 1986-1994 periyodunda incelenmiştir. Yüzey verisi analizleri yüksek tuzluluk ve yoğunluk değerlerinin ilk olarak Kuzey Ege’de oluştuğunu göstermektedir

  15. The influence of Thai culture on diabetes perceptions and management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sowattanangoon, Napaporn; Kotchabhakdi, Naipinich; Petrie, Keith J

    2009-06-01

    To explore the way Thai patients perceive and manage their diabetes. Using a focused ethnographic approach, face-to-face interviews were conducted at two public hospitals in Bangkok. All interviews (n=27) were audio-taped and transcribed verbatim. Analysis of the interview transcripts was completed thematically. The findings showed that Thai patients manage their diabetes according to their beliefs about diabetes. These beliefs are constructed using both modern and traditional knowledge. For example, some patients explained the cause of their illness as being due to biomedical factors such as genetics, and also cultural factors such as karma from either previous or current lifetimes. The analysis also revealed that some aspects of Thai life facilitate diabetes self-management while other aspects hamper good control of the illness. For example, Buddhist values of moderation contribute positively to dietary change, while, on the other hand, the importance of rice in the Thai diet can impede successful self-management strategies. The results of this research indicate that Thai culture influences diabetes perceptions and management. Culturally appropriate treatment guidelines should be established for diabetes management that give special consideration to the significance and meaning of food and to Buddhist beliefs.

  16. Çok Etmenli Sistemlerde NetLogo İle Karınca Kolonisi Optimizasyonu

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    Mustafa Tüker

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Çok etmenli sistemler (ÇES, karmaşık optimizasyon problemlerinin modellenmesi ve çözülmesi için etkin bir yol sunarlar. Bu çalışmada, Gezgin Satıcı Problemi (GSP'ni çözmek için ÇES ve karınca kolonileri birlikte kullanılmıştır. Sistem benzetimi, etmen tabanlı bir programlama ortamı olan NetLogo ile gerçekleştirilmiştir. Problemin modellenmesi ve benzetimi için NetLogo'nun nasıl kullanılacağı kodlarla ayrıntılı olarak açıklanmıştır. Algoritma farklı düğüm sayıları için denenmiş ve elde edilen sonuçlar tartışılmıştır.

  17. Affinity proteomic profiling of plasma for proteins associated to area-based mammographic breast density.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Byström, Sanna; Eklund, Martin; Hong, Mun-Gwan; Fredolini, Claudia; Eriksson, Mikael; Czene, Kamila; Hall, Per; Schwenk, Jochen M; Gabrielson, Marike

    2018-02-14

    Mammographic breast density is one of the strongest risk factors for breast cancer, but molecular understanding of how breast density relates to cancer risk is less complete. Studies of proteins in blood plasma, possibly associated with mammographic density, are well-suited as these allow large-scale analyses and might shed light on the association between breast cancer and breast density. Plasma samples from 1329 women in the Swedish KARMA project, without prior history of breast cancer, were profiled with antibody suspension bead array (SBA) assays. Two sample sets comprising 729 and 600 women were screened by two different SBAs targeting a total number of 357 proteins. Protein targets were selected through searching the literature, for either being related to breast cancer or for being linked to the extracellular matrix. Association between proteins and absolute area-based breast density (AD) was assessed by quantile regression, adjusting for age and body mass index (BMI). Plasma profiling revealed linear association between 20 proteins and AD, concordant in the two sets of samples (p density and processes of tissue homeostasis, DNA repair, cancer development and/or progression in breast cancer. Further validation and follow-up studies of the shortlisted protein candidates in independent cohorts will be needed to infer their role in breast density and its progression in premenopausal and postmenopausal women.

  18. Education for a Sustainable Future: Strategies of the New Hindu Religious Movements

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    Martin Haigh

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Increasingly, sustainability is conceived as a crisis of the human mind and the key challenge for pro-sustainability education is developing sufficient motivation in learners. The spiritual aspirations of religious communities contain sufficient motivational force, which may be deployed for effective sustainability education. This paper explores the approaches to sustainability and sustainability education of some internationally-oriented Hindu religious movements. These include the rural education initiatives of Gandhian Sarvodaya, which emphasizes non-harming, self-reliance and personal ethics, ISKCON, which emphasizes devotional service, P.R. Sarkar’s Ananda Marg, which emphasizes cooperative enterprise, the Tantric body re-imagined at the social scale, and Swami Vivekananda’s Sri Ramakrishna Order, which emphasizes karma yoga, spiritual development through service to the God in each human. It also describes the British Hindu contribution to the UNDP/ARC’s multi-faith sustainability initiative “Many Heavens, One Earth”; which is the “Bhumi Project” and its two main campaigns, Green Temples and Compassionate Living.

  19. Die Analyse der Überlieferungen Bezüglich des Zusammentreffens von Khalifen Omar und Uwais al-Qarani

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    Enbiya Yıldırım

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Her dinde sembolik bir hüviyet kazanan insanlar vardır. Bu kişiler kendi alanlarında gösterdikleri başarılar veya öne çıkan meziyetleri nedeniyle örnek olarak ilk zikredilen kimselerdir. İslam ahlakı bağlamında anneye iyilik dendiğinde de akla ilk gelen isim Uveys elKarenî’dir. Uveys’in gerek yaşayıp yaşamadığı ve gerekse onunla ilgili anlatılanlar rivayetlerde son derece karmaşık ve çelişik bilgiler içermektedir. Biz bu makalemizde Muslim’in Sahîh’inde onun faziletlerinden bahseden üç rivayeti gerçeklik bağlamında tahlil ettik. Böylece Uveys konulu çalışmalara bir katkı sağlamış olduk.

  20. Paśu Ayurvĕda (veterinary medicine) in Garudapurăņa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varanasi, Subhose; Narayana, A

    2007-01-01

    The history of veterinary medicine is closely tied to the development of human medicine. Evidence of animal medicine has been found in ancient civilizations, such as those of the Hindu, Babylonians, Hebrews, Arabs, Greeks, and Romans. Ancient Indian literature in the form of the holy Vĕda, Purăna, Brăhmaņa, epics, etc. is flooded with information on animal care. The Purăņa are ancient scriptures discuss varied topics like devotion to God and his various aspects, traditional sciences like Ayurvĕda, Jyŏtişa (Astrology), cosmology, concepts like dharma, karma, reincarnation and many others. The treatment of animal diseases using Ayurvedic medicine has been mentioned in Garudapurăna, Agnipurăņa, Atri-samhită, Matsyapurăņa and many other texts. The Garudapurăņa is one of the important Săttvika purăna, the subject matter is divided into two parts, viz. Pŭrvakhaņda (first part) and an Uttarakhaņda (subsequent part). Gavăyurvĕda, Gajăyurvĕda narrated briefly and Aśvăyurvĕda described detailly in Pŭrvakhaņda.

  1. Buddhism and neuroethics: the ethics of pharmaceutical cognitive enhancement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fenton, Andrew

    2009-08-01

    This paper integrates some Buddhist moral values, attitudes and self-cultivation techniques into a discussion of the ethics of cognitive enhancement technologies - in particular, pharmaceutical enhancements. Many Buddhists utilize meditation techniques that are both integral to their practice and are believed to enhance the cognitive and affective states of experienced practitioners. Additionally, Mahāyāna Buddhism's teaching on skillful means permits a liberal use of methods or techniques in Buddhist practice that yield insight into our selfnature or aid in alleviating or eliminating duhkha (i.e. dissatisfaction). These features of many, if not most, Buddhist traditions will inform much of the Buddhist assessment of pharmaceutical enhancements offered in this paper. Some Buddhist concerns about the effects and context of the use of pharmaceutical enhancements will be canvassed in the discussion. Also, the author will consider Buddhist views of the possible harms that may befall human and nonhuman research subjects, interference with a recipient's karma, the artificiality of pharmaceutical enhancements, and the possible motivations or intentions of healthy individuals pursuing pharmacological enhancement. Perhaps surprisingly, none of these concerns will adequately ground a reflective Buddhist opposition to the further development and continued use of pharmaceutical enhancements, either in principle or in practice. The author argues that Buddhists, from at least certain traditions - particularly Mahāyāna Buddhist traditions - should advocate the development or use of pharmaceutical enhancements if a consequence of their use is further insight into our self-nature or the reduction or alleviation of duhkha.

  2. Hindu Students and Their Missionary Teachers: Debating the Relevance of Rebirth in the Colonial Indian Academy

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    Nalini Bhushan

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available This essay provides a meta-narrative for the philosophical dialogues that took place in colonial India between Scottish missionary philosophers and philosophers of Vedānta on the topic of karma and rebirth. In particular, it offers a reconstruction and analysis of the context and strategy that shaped the content of discussions that were initiated in the pages of the Madras Christian College Magazine in 1909 between Subrahmanya Sastri and AG Hogg and that inspired Radhakrishnan’s response in his dissertation entitled “The Ethics of Vedanta and its Metaphysical Suppositions”. The broad context is provided by a history of missionary presence in India. The context is further circumscribed by the ‘hybrid’ character of the position of the missionaries as teachers in departments of philosophy, teaching students of “upper-caste Hindus” in the English medium universities set up by the British in the late nineteenth century. The hermeneutics of form and context is essential to understanding the content of these debates about the ethics and metaphysics of Christianity and Hinduism, where the meaning and significance of the notion of rebirth took center stage. Importantly, these debates in turn shed light on the broader social and political context in which these debates took place.

  3. ULUSLARARASI İLİŞKİLER KURAMLARI IŞIĞINDA DOĞU AVRUPA ÜLKELERİNDE SOĞUK SAVAŞ SONRASI DIŞ POLİTİKA BELİRLEME SÜRECİNİN ANALİZİ

    OpenAIRE

    TANIYICI, Şaban

    2004-01-01

    Soğuk savaş döneminin sona ermesi Doğu Avrupa ülkelerinin Sovyetler Birliği güdümündeki çeşitlilik göstermeyen dış politikalarında farklılasmayı da beraberinde getirmiştir. Güvenlik kavramının dış tehditlerin yanında iç tehditleri de kapsayacak şekilde genişlemesi, dış politika belirleme sürecini etkileyen aktörlerin sayısının ve türlerinin artması, bu ülkelerin dış politikalarının anlaşılmasının soğuk savaş dönemine göre daha karmaşık hale gelmesine yol açmıştır. Bu makale uluslararası ilişk...

  4. Amaç ve Beklenti Karşısında Karşılaştırmalı Edebiyatın Tanı(MSal Krizine İlişkin Birtakım Tartışmalı Saptamalar Some Argumentative Determinations Regarding Diagnostic/Definitional Crisis Of Comparative Literature In Terms Of Accordance With Its Purpose And Expectation

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    Abdulhakim TUĞLUK

    2013-09-01

    ışmalarda ağırlığını hissettiren „Karşılaştırmalı Edebiyat Bilimi‟, kendi kimliğini ve kavramsal özünü henüz tam anlamıyla kabul ettirebilmiş değildir. Gerek tanımındaki belirsizlikler gerekse de uygulamadaki bazı sıkıntılar, karşılaştırmalı edebiyatın varlığına ilişkin soruları belli bir düzeyde tutmaya devam etmektedir. Bir yöntem mi yoksa başlı başına bir bilim mi olduğu sorunu başta olmak üzere, milli edebiyatlarca kabul edilebilirliği noktasındaki belirsizlikler de güncelliğini korumaktadır. Yapılabilirlik açısından ilk etapta kolaymış gibi görünen karşılaştırma, kavramın kendisine yüklediği edebi ve estetik misyonlar dikkate alındığında karmaşık bir süreç olarak kendisini gösterir. Bu karmaşıklık, tanısal ve tanımsal problemlerle yüzleştiğinde soru sayısı fazla olan bir kriz haline gelir. Diğer taraftan karşılaştırmalı edebiyatın Batı merkezli algısı ve „dünya edebiyatı‟ (Weltliteratur kavramını sahiplenen uluslararası yüzü, kavramın vaat ettiği küresel ölçekli beklentileri karşılamak yerine bu beklentileri daha da tartışmalı hale getirmektedir. Bu makalede karşılaştırmalı edebiyatın kimlik karmaşasına belli bir bakış açısı kazandırabilmek ve genel bir tartışma zemini oluşturmak esas hareket noktamızı oluşturmuştur. Böylelikle karşılaştırmalı edebiyatın varoluşsal problemlerinden hareketle, teorik ve uygulamadaki birtakım karmaşık noktaları gün yüzüne çıkarmak ve karşılaştırmalı edebiyatın özüne dönük bazı handikaplara kısmi bir açılım getirmek hedeflenmiştir.

  5. HÜCRESEL OTOMATA VE BİLGİSAYAR GRAFİKLERİ

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    Şen ÇAKIR

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Hücresel Otomata (CA çeşitli fiziksel işlemler için model temin eden basit matematik sistemleridir. Önemsiz veya küçük değişikliklerin ve basit kuralların sistemlerin davranışlarında nasıl çok büyük değişikliklere yolaçtığını gösterirler. İlginç şekillerin zengin bir kaynağı olarak bilgisayar grafikleri aracı olarak da kullanılmaktadırlar. Son yıllarda CA birçok bilim adamının dikkatini çekmiştir. Günümüzde CA ekolojiden görüntü işlemeye kadar birçok alanda kullanılır. Bu makalede oldukça basit CA kuralları ile çok sayıda karmaşık ve harika modelin yaratılabileceği gösterilmektedir

  6. KARMAŞA, KARMAŞIKLIK VE EĞİTİM İLİŞKİSİ

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    Hamit Erdoğan

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Özet Bu çalışmanın amacı, işitildiğinde korku salan karmaşa (kaos kavramının gerçekten korkmaya değer olup olmadığını tartışmaktır. Çalışmada 1999 yılında Türkiye’de meydana gelen ve binlerce insanın ölümüne, ekonomik yönden yıkımına sebep olan deprem felaketinden de yola çıkılarak karmaşa, karmaşıklık kavramları açıklanmaya, eğitimin deprem sonucu oluşan karmaşa ve karmaşıklık ile ilişkisi irdelenmeye çalışılmıştır. Bu gerçekleştirilirken de kırılgan yapı daha doğrusu fraktal yapı incelenmiş, benzersizlik ve yegânelik vurgulanmıştır. The Relationship Between Chaos And Education Abstract The purpos of this study is to discuss the concept of chaos as for whether or not it is really worth fearing. This study focuses upon the 1999 earthquake, which brought about the death of thousands of people, created crisis in the economy of both people and country, and eventually resulted in a sense of chaos. Secondly, the study also examines the relationship between the earthquake and education. In the research, this fragile structure has been investigated, and a special attention has been given to uniqueness. Le Chaos, le Désordre et les Relations Educationnelles Résumé L’un des objectifs de cette étude est de discuter si le concept de chaos mérite d’être un sujet de peur. Dans cette étude, sur la base du tremblement de terre qui a eu lieu en 1999 en Turquie, qui a provoqué des milliers de morts et qui a entraîné le chaos économique, nous avons essayé d’expliquer les concepts de chaos et de désordre et d’analyser la relation entre l’éducation, le chaos et le désordre apparus après le tremblement de terre. En réalisant cela, nous avons analysé cette structure fragile et plus précisément la structure fractale et avons souligné la singularité et le fait d’être dissemblable. En effet, l’auteur ne savait pas qu’il avait une proximité entre l’ordre et

  7. Belief in the paranormal and modern health worries

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    Utinans A.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available It has been found, that despite the improvement of the objective health indicators, people's subjective perception of health is that health indicators are getting worse (Barsky A.J., 1988, which is one of the reasons why a new term “modern health worries” is coming into use in medical literature (Petrie K.J., Wessely S., 2002. People are worried and scared of the effect of new high tech innovations (effect of cell phone radiation, environmental pollution, ozone layer depletion, etc., changes in manufacturing of food products (genetically modified food, food concentrates etc.. Nowadays, many people, being worried about their health, turn to new eating habits (veganism, defend themselves against various innovations in the health system (vaccination, etc. It could be defined as fear of consequences of scientific progress. The reason of fear is not only the misunderstanding of scientific innovations. Quite often, it is a belief in pseudoscientific theories (for example, “conspiracy” or belief in the paranormal phenomena (karma violations, disruption of the cosmic plan. In a part of cases protesters against vaccines and genetically modified food belong to new religious movements which are based on belief in the paranormal and magical thinking. Magical thinking predisposes to the negative attitude towards scientific assumptions and innovations, like a genetically modified food (Saher, 2006. Aim of study. To study the correlation between pseudoscientific assumptions, belief in the paranormal and modern health worries. This condition of modern health worries is becoming important for health care system. It causes the increase in the number of symptoms (Koteles et al., 2011, which, in its turn, increases the doctors' visit rate on one hand (Rief W et al., 2012, but, on the other hand, increases evasion to attend traditional medical care activities. Part of supporters of pseudoscientific beliefs experiences anxiety as to the bad food toxins

  8. Common diseases as determinants of menopausal age.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Jingmei; Eriksson, Mikael; Czene, Kamila; Hall, Per; Rodriguez-Wallberg, Kenny A

    2016-12-01

    Can the diagnosis of common diseases before menopause influence age at natural menopause (ANM) onset? Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and depression were observed to delay menopause. It has been observed that women who undergo early menopause experience a higher burden of health problems related to metabolic syndromes, heart disease and depression, but whether ANM can be influenced by common adult diseases has not been studied extensively. All women attending mammography screening or clinical mammography at four hospitals in Sweden were invited to participate in the Karolinska Mammography Project for Risk Prediction of Breast Cancer (KARMA) study. Between January 2011 and March 2013, 70 877 women were recruited. Information from the baseline questionnaire filled out upon enrollment was used in this cross-sectional analysis on predictors of ANM onset. We limited our analyses to 61 936 women with complete data on ANM and covariates and a follow-up time (from birth to menopause or censoring) of at least 35 years. Premenopausal diagnoses of depression, anorexia, bulimia, PCOS, ovarian cyst, heart failure, myocardial infarction, angina pectoris, stroke, preeclampsia, diabetes, hypertension and hyperlipidemia were examined as time-dependent variables in multivariable Cox regression analyses, adjusting for reproductive factors (age at menarche, menstrual cycle regularity in adult life, number of children and premenopausal oral contraceptive use) and risk factors of common diseases (education, physical activity at 18 years and information at the time of questionnaire including BMI, ever smoking and alcohol consumption). Women with PCOS and depression were independently associated with later menopause (hazard ratio (95% CI): 0.44 (0.28-0.71) and 0.95 (0.91-1.00), respectively), compared to women with no such histories. The associations remained significant in a subset of women who had never received gynecological surgery or hormone treatment (n = 32313, 0.21 (0

  9. Perwujudan Naskah Drama Anusapati Karya S.H. Mintardja dalam Pementasan Teater

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    Trias Untung Kurniawan

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Seorang sutradara menentukan kualitas sebuah pementasan teater. Ia dituntut memiliki kepekaan dramatik sehingga dapat menerjemahkan sebuah naskah lakon menjadi pengalaman pentas yang berarti. Naskah lakon menjadi hal yang sangat penting dalam menghasilkan pementasan teater yang berkualitas. Penulis memilih naskah lakon Anusapati karya S.H. Mintardja untuk diwujudkan dalam sebuah pementasan teater. Lakon Anusapati adalah lakon yang tragis, bermula dari kesalahan yang dilakukan Ken Arok untuk mencapai keinginannya merebut kekuasaan. Kesalahan ini mengakibatkan karma yang tidak dapat ditolak oleh Ken Arok dan tujuh keturunannya. Naskah lakon Anusapati akan diwujudkan dalam sebuah pementasan dengan pendekatan ketoprak. Dengan mengawinkan konsep teater modern terhadap perkembangan ketoprak dengan memosisikan sutradara sebagai pusat kontrol atas segala aspek pemanggungan dengan tetap memberi ruang kepada para pemain untuk mengembangkan permainan secara maksimal. Dalam mewujudkan lakon menjadi sebuah pementasan membutuhkan konsep pemanggungan yang dapat dijadikan sebagai arah dalam menjalankan proses kreatif. Konsep pemanggungan memuat pokok-pokok gagasan yang akan diwujudkan dalam pementasan. Garis-garis permainan, desain artistik, dan musik pendukung dirancang untuk memenuhi terwujudnya gagasan. Sutaradara mengorganisasi seluruh aspek pemanggungan yang dikelola oleh beberapa staf artistik, seperti penata pentas, penata busana, penata rias, dan penata artistik sehingga menghasilkan pementasan yang menarik, berkualitas, dan layak untuk ditonton.     The Embodiment of the Anusapati Script by S.H. Mintardja in Theatrical Staging with the Ketoprak Approach. Director determines the quality of a theatrical production. The Director is required to have dramatic sensibility (sense of dramatic so that he can translate a script of the play being performed that may experience meaning. The script of the play becomes the thing that is very important in producing

  10. Conceptual and applied study of Snigdha and Ruksa Guna with special reference to Rasa-raktagata Sneha (hyperlipidemia).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mishra, Sangram; Dwivedi, R R; Ravishankar, B

    2011-04-01

    Ayurveda as well as Philosophy accepted the Guna as the basic entity of the Sristi. The Maha Gunas, i.e., Sattva, Raja, and Tama are the prime energy, from where the universe evolves, along with human beings. Dravya and Guna both have a Samavayi relationship in which Gunas reside in Dravya and have a secondary place to it. Guna has multifold meanings according to its use, in social, cultural, philosophical, and literary fields. The concepts of Ayurveda are expressed with Gunas. Samanya and Visesa are usually expressed in terms of Gunas; the classification, description, and function of Dravyas depends upon Guna; Karmas are manifested forms of Guna and Samavaya is the eternal, intimate relation of Dravya and Guna. The principles like Triskandha (Hetu, linga, ousadhi) of Ayurveda also narrated by Gunas, Hetus are narrated in the terms of Guna; the Laksanas are the reflections in the status of Gunas of bodily elements, and Cikitsa is in the form of administration of Viparita Gunas. The increased elements are treated by opposite Guna. So if Ruksa Guna is increased then it is to be managed by Snigdha Guna and vice-versa. So diseases can be treated by applying the Gunas, and drugs for the required patient can be selected by applying these Gunas. In support of the above concept, a study on the persons of Rasa-raktagata Sneha (hyperlipidemia) has been carried out assuming that the condition is an increased state of Snigdha Guna and treatment is done using Ruksa property drugs. Patients were divided into two groups, i.e., treatment group (Ruksa Guna drugs) and control group (placebo). The results were assessed after 45 days with the help of a specially prepared pro forma. All the important hematological, biochemical, and urine investigations were done. According to subjective and objective criteria, significant results were found for Group A as compared to Group B.

  11. HIV-related risk behaviors among kathoey (male-to-female transgender) sex workers in Bangkok, Thailand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nemoto, Tooru; Iwamoto, Mariko; Perngparn, Usaneya; Areesantichai, Chitlada; Kamitani, Emiko; Sakata, Maria

    2012-01-01

    Based on combined methods, this study investigated substance use and HIV risk behaviors among kathoey sex workers (KSWs) in Bangkok, Thailand. The study found that only half of the KSW participants reported having been tested for HIV, and that except for one participant, all others had not seen health care providers in the past 12 months. About one third of the participants reported having engaged in unprotected anal sex with customers in the past six months. Almost all participants reported alcohol use, as well as having had sex with customers under the influence of alcohol. The prevalence of marijuana and ecstasy use in the past 12 months was high (32 and 36%, respectively); as was for ketamine (20%) and non-injecting methamphetamine (yaba) use (10%). A multiple regression analysis showed that the participants who were post-operative status, had used illicit drugs, or had been abused by their father and brothers were less likely to use condoms for anal sex with customers. Three quarters of the participants sent money to their families and 35% of the participants expressed their willingness to engage in unsafe sex when customers offer extra money. The qualitative interviews revealed that many identified as girl or kathoey in early age and had been exposed to transphobia and violence from father and brothers. Some reported support for gender transition from their mothers. More than half of the participants currently had difficulties in living as kathoey, such as challenges in the job market and relationship with family members. Family obligation for sending money and the Buddhist concept of karma were discussed in relation to risk behaviors among KSWs. The study provided implications for facilitating HIV testing and developing future HIV prevention intervention programs for KSWs in Thailand.

  12. Feasibility Study of Core Design with a Monte Carlo Code for APR1400 Initial core

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Jinsun; Chang, Do Ik; Seong, Kibong [KEPCO NF, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-10-15

    The Monte Carlo calculation becomes more popular and useful nowadays due to the rapid progress in computing power and parallel calculation techniques. There have been many attempts to analyze a commercial core by Monte Carlo transport code using the enhanced computer capability, recently. In this paper, Monte Carlo calculation of APR1400 initial core has been performed and the results are compared with the calculation results of conventional deterministic code to find out the feasibility of core design using Monte Carlo code. SERPENT, a 3D continuous-energy Monte Carlo reactor physics burnup calculation code is used for this purpose and the KARMA-ASTRA code system, which is used for a deterministic code of comparison. The preliminary investigation for the feasibility of commercial core design with Monte Carlo code was performed in this study. Simplified core geometry modeling was performed for the reactor core surroundings and reactor coolant model is based on two region model. The reactivity difference at HZP ARO condition between Monte Carlo code and the deterministic code is consistent with each other and the reactivity difference during the depletion could be reduced by adopting the realistic moderator temperature. The reactivity difference calculated at HFP, BOC, ARO equilibrium condition was 180 ±9 pcm, with axial moderator temperature of a deterministic code. The computing time will be a significant burden at this time for the application of Monte Carlo code to the commercial core design even with the application of parallel computing because numerous core simulations are required for actual loading pattern search. One of the remedy will be a combination of Monte Carlo code and the deterministic code to generate the physics data. The comparison of physics parameters with sophisticated moderator temperature modeling and depletion will be performed for a further study.

  13. Is Hinduism ambivalent about suicide?

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    Vijayakumar, Lakshmi; John, Sujit

    2018-05-01

    Hinduism is one of the oldest religions in the world and has over 1.1 billion adherents comprising about 16% of the global population living mainly in India and Nepal. The stand of Hinduism on suicide has been ambiguous through the ages, on one hand, condemning general suicides, while condoning religious suicides on the other. This ambiguity is reflected in contemporary India and among the Indian diaspora. To examine the stand of Hinduism as a religion in the context of suicide. A selected review of literature covering the major Hindu religious texts, cultural practices and suicide. People who follow Hinduism have a suicide rate of about 21 per 100,000 population compared to the global average of 11.4. Hindu countries have higher rates of suicide compared to Islamic and Christian countries, but these rates are lower when compared to Atheist and Buddhist countries. This is reflected in the Indian diaspora as well with reports from Fiji, the Caribbean, Malaysia and the United Kingdom, indicating that suicide was disproportionately high among those of Indian origin. However, a strong faith in Hinduism acts as protective factor. The Hindu belief in karma fosters a sense of acceptance of the vicissitudes of life with equanimity, and the belief in the cycle of births and deaths renders suicide meaningless, as one's soul continues after death. Their religious beliefs makes the Hindus tolerate and accept hardships and calamities stoically. In certain situations, the Hindu religion acts as a protective factor, whereas at other times, it may increase the risk of suicide. It is important to understand these different nuances in the Hindu religion in formulating a culturally appropriate suicide prevention strategy.

  14. YAPAY SİNİR AĞLARI KULLANILARAK BAĞ BUDAMA ARTIKLARINDAN ÜRETİLEN YONGA LEVHALARIN ÖZELLİKLERİNİN TAHMİN EDİLMESİ

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    Hüseyin GÜRÜLER

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Bu çalışmada, yonga levha hammaddesi olarak beş farklı oranda, bağ budama yongaları ve odun yongaları kullanılmıştır. Öncelikle küçük boyutlu numune paneller üç katmanlı olarak (56x56x2 cm üretilmiştir. Bu levhaların; fiziksel (kalınlığına şişme, su alma ve mekaniksel (eğilme direnci, elastikiyet modülü, iç yapışma ve vida tutma özellikleri belirlenmiştir. Direk ölçüm alma metodu en güvenilir metot olmasına rağmen çok karmaşık ve zaman alıcıdır. Üstelik her oran uygulanabilir değildir. Bu nedenle girdi-çıktı haritalamada en güçlü araçlar olan esnek (yazılımsal hesaplama yöntemleri tercih edilmiştir. Bu aşamada, yapay sinir ağları (YSA tahmin amaçlı kullanıldı. Sonuçlar yapay sinir ağları sisteminin zamandan ve maliyetten kazanç sağlayarak yonga levhaların özelliklerinin belirlenmesinde yetkin olduğunu göstermektedir

  15. XML Anahtar Kelimeleri Yardımıyla Türkçe Aritmetik Problemlerin Anlaşılması ve Çözülmesi

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    Süleyman EKEN

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Doğal Dil İşleme; matematik, bilgisayar bilimi, yapay zekâ ve dilbilimi alanlarındaki çalışmaları kapsamaktadır. Yapay zekâ alanındaki çalışmaların hedeflerinden biri doğal dilde söyleneni anlamaktır. Doğal dili anlamaya yönelik birçok çalışma mevcuttur. Bu çalışmalardan bazıları matematik, fizik ve mekanik alandaki problemlerin anlaşılması ve çözülmesi ile ilgilidir. Bu çalışmada, ilkokul seviyesindeki matematik problemleri anlayabilen ve çözebilen bir aritmetik problem çözücü sistem önerilmektedir. Uygulama, kelimelerin morfolojik analizi, problem tipinin tanımlanması (toplama, çıkarma, çarpma, bölme ve sonucun hesaplanması adımlarını içermektedir. Problem tipleri bir XML dokümanı yardımıyla belirlenmekte, bu doküman ise problem tiplerine karşılık gelen anahtar kelimeleri içermektedir. Bu uygulamanın temel katkısı, öğretmenlerin öğrencilerini daha iyi değerlendirmesi açısından kullanacakları eğitim materyallerini hazırlamalarına yardımcı olmaktır

  16. Soul and its Fate after Death in Jainism

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    Banafshe Mutaqi

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Although considered as one of the Hindu religions and despite some similarities, Jainism, due to its attitude towards soul and its origin, is placed somehow contrary to Hinduism.  Jainism and Hinduism have many similar characteristic features, including the concepts of samsara, karma and moksha.  However, Jain’s attitude to human nature and his final goal and the way to reach that goal distinguishes it from Hinduism. Despite huge complexities of Jainism, it can be said that soul (jÄ«va plays a critical role in this religion; respect to creatures, no matter in what rank they are (Ahiṃsā, is the main and fundamental rule of Jainism; this respect is derived definitely not from a materialistic aspect, but rather due to a soul which reaches a superior rank of human existence by passing through different worlds; therefore, Jainists, following specific ethical principles and going through severe physical austerities, as a result of which  the effect of Matter (AjÄ«va on the soul (jÄ«va is disappeared, can achieve the state of sincerity (Maqam e Kholus and essence of being. This state has a godlike status in Jainism. However, achieving this feature will be examined by describing the issues relevant to this religion. Clearly, it will be explained by examining the concept of soul and its type and the relationship between soul/body and soul/deed, as well as the issue of incarnation and the way to salvation in this religion

  17. Effect of an integrated approach of yoga therapy on quality of life in osteoarthritis of the knee joint: A randomized control study

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    John Ebnezar

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim: This study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of addition of integrated yoga therapy to therapeutic exercises in osteoarthritis (OA of knee joints. Materials and Methods: This was a prospective randomized active control trial. A total of t participants with OA of knee joints between 35 and 80 years (yoga, 59.56 ± 9.54 and control, 59.42 ± 10.66 from the outpatient department of Dr. John′s Orthopedic Center, Bengaluru, were randomly assigned to receive yoga or physiotherapy exercises after transcutaneous electrical stimulation and ultrasound treatment of the affected knee joints. Both groups practiced supervised intervention (40 min per day for 2 weeks (6 days per week with followup for 3 months. The module of integrated yoga consisted of shithilikaranavyayama (loosening and strengthening, asanas, relaxation techniques, pranayama, meditation and didactic lectures on yama, niyama, jnana yoga, bhakti yoga, and karma yoga for a healthy lifestyle change. The control group also had supervised physiotherapy exercises. A total of 118 (yoga and 117 (control were available for final analysis. Results: Significant differences were observed within (P < 0.001, Wilcoxon′s and between groups (P < 0.001, Mann-Whitney U-test on all domains of the Short Form-36 (P < 0.004, with better results in the yoga group than in the control group, both at 15 th day and 90 th day. Conclusion: An integrated approach of yoga therapy is better than therapeutic exercises as an adjunct to transcutaneous electrical stimulation and ultrasound treatment in improving knee disability and quality of life in patients with OA knees.

  18. Women and AIDS caregiving: women's work?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Songwathana, P

    2001-01-01

    In this ethnographic study, I examine personal, kinship, and social obligations and the role of women in the traditional Thai family. Under what circumstances do women take on the responsibility to care or not care, and how do they cope with the disease and care when they are also infected? Fifteen women who were afflicted or affected by HIV/AIDS participated in in-depth interviews and participant observations. Analysis employed mainly qualitative methods following Spradley. I show that women who are responsible for caring for both themselves and others, including members of their immediate families or extended family members, face a double jeopardy by virtue of their inferior role and status. When HIV-infected women experience illness, sometimes they feel split; they are incapable of functioning normally, yet they are obligated to do "What they've got to do." Women as carers feel that they have to care because they want to free someone else from suffering despite the fact that they are also suffering. Women roles as family carers seem to be both psychologically and socially constructed. AIDS care is not just a labour of love, but also is done in the spirit of work following Buddhist beliefs of karma and metta. In conclusion, traditional, persistent gender imbalances and inequalities influence women's sexuality, vulnerability, responsibility, and caregiving. When women become infected with HIV and sick with AIDS, their quality of life drops because of the physical, psychological, cultural value, and economic burdens of care they face. AIDS then necessitates rather than prevents women from fulfilling their multiple roles. Consequently, there is a need for greater support especially among Thai women who are afflicted and affected with AIDS.

  19. The Essence of Hindu Doctrine and its Influence on Christianity in America and Europe

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    Alexandru-Corneliu Arion

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper addresses the topic of the identity of Hindu religion and its impact on Christianity in the West (i.e. in Europe and USA, which is to be seen, especially through Neo-Hindu movements (that occurred mainly during 1950s–1980s. Thus, features and key terms such as: authority of the Veda, Dharma, moksha, samsāra and karma, the paths to liberation, concept of God, Brahman-ātman, avidyā and māyā and AUM are sketchily presented in the first part of the paper. There are obvious differences between both Hindu schools and Christian faith which regards 1. Ultimate concern: For the Hindu, it is escape from the human condition, whereas for the Christian it is freedom from guilt, sin, and the devil; 2. Human nature: For the Christian it is creaturely and sinful; for the Hindu it is divine; 3. Human problem: It is moral sin for the Christian and intellectual ignorance for the Hindu; 4. Resolution: For the Christian it is a divine act at infinite cost to God; for the Hindu it is human effort, sometimes mixed with grace, without cost to the god. In the second part it is presented the debated problem of Gurus and their movements and Neo-Hindu movements sprung at the second half of 20th century, such as Satya Sai Baba, International Society for Krishna Consciousness and meditation for “transcendental consciousness” (TM. In any case, the Indian offspring demonstrate that we have come to an important moment in the history of religions, one in which new religious landscapes continually emerge like the images of a kaleidoscope and where people will have to learn whether it is possible to share the same planet.

  20. Selected Musculoskeletal and Performance Characteristics of Members of a Women's Professional Football Team: Application of a Pre-participation Examination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nett, Beth; Brosky, Joseph A; Velarde, Lynnuel; Pariser, David P; Boyce, David A

    2010-02-01

    Although it is common practice to administer pre-participation examinations (PPE) of athletes prior to training, there are no clearly established formats. Elements integral to the PPE fall within the scope of physical therapist practice, and are often categorized as a form of primary prevention for musculoskeletal disorders as defined in the Guide to Physical Therapist Practice. The purpose of this study is to describe the design and implementation of a PPE for a women's professional (gridiron) football team. The results and findings from this PPE provide one of the first musculoskeletal profiles and information about selected physical characteristics from members of a female professional football team. Players from the Kentucky Karma women's football team, a member of the National Women's Football League (NWFA), volunteered to participate in a PPE. Of twenty-five eligible team members, thirteen consented to participate. The PPE consisted of a health history questionnaire, a musculoskeletal screening, and a series of physical performance and agility tests. The players' average (± SD) age, height, weight, body mass index (BMI), and body fat percentage were 29.6 (± 5.6) yrs., 1.66 (± .05) m, 66.8 (± 12.6) kg, 24.1 (± 3.7), and 27.4 (± 6.6) %, respectively. Commonly reported injuries were similar to those reported in men's collegiate football. This is one of the first papers to report on a model PPE for a women's professional football team. Future research is needed to establish a standard PPE, recognize common injuries, and develop prevention strategies unique to women's professional football.

  1. Understanding the Relationship Between State Forgiveness and Psychological Wellbeing: A Qualitative Study.

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    Akhtar, Sadaf; Dolan, Alan; Barlow, Jane

    2017-04-01

    Over the last 20 years, increasing attention has been given to associations between dispositional forgiveness and specific mental health problems. However, few studies have assessed whether forgiving real-life interpersonal hurts may be related to diverse psychological health outcomes. The present study addresses this gap by investigating, in depth, relationships between perceptions about state forgiveness and a variety of mental wellbeing outcomes as well as exploring perceptions about the factors that may modify such effects. Developing an understanding of a forgiveness wellbeing relationship is of relevance to healthcare workers, researchers and policy makers with an interest in improving public health. In-depth semi-structured interviews were conducted, and data were analysed using grounded theory methods. From England and Ireland, eleven adults who were affiliated with religious/spiritual and secular/atheist groups were recruited using purposive and convenience sampling methods. Key themes that appeared to be related to the effects of unforgiveness were: increases in negative affect; reduction in cognitive abilities and barriers to psychological and social growth. For the majority of participants, state forgiveness had strong ties to participants perceived sense of mental wellbeing, including reductions in negative affect, feeling positive emotions, positive relations with others, spiritual growth, a sense of meaning and purpose in life as well as a greater sense of empowerment. The data also revealed a number of factors that may positively or negatively influence a forgiveness-wellbeing link such as: viewing an offender as spiritually similar or different, responsibility/karma, blaming, wanting restitution/apology as well as practices such as meditation and prayer. The findings suggest that forgiving a range of real-life interpersonal offences may be an important determinant of psychological wellbeing, particularly among religious/spiritual populations

  2. Musical Aptitude Is Associated with AVPR1A-Haplotypes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ukkola, Liisa T.; Onkamo, Päivi; Raijas, Pirre; Karma, Kai; Järvelä, Irma

    2009-01-01

    Artistic creativity forms the basis of music culture and music industry. Composing, improvising and arranging music are complex creative functions of the human brain, which biological value remains unknown. We hypothesized that practicing music is social communication that needs musical aptitude and even creativity in music. In order to understand the neurobiological basis of music in human evolution and communication we analyzed polymorphisms of the arginine vasopressin receptor 1A (AVPR1A), serotonin transporter (SLC6A4), catecol-O-methyltranferase (COMT), dopamin receptor D2 (DRD2) and tyrosine hydroxylase 1 (TPH1), genes associated with social bonding and cognitive functions in 19 Finnish families (n = 343 members) with professional musicians and/or active amateurs. All family members were tested for musical aptitude using the auditory structuring ability test (Karma Music test; KMT) and Carl Seashores tests for pitch (SP) and for time (ST). Data on creativity in music (composing, improvising and/or arranging music) was surveyed using a web-based questionnaire. Here we show for the first time that creative functions in music have a strong genetic component (h2 = .84; composing h2 = .40; arranging h2 = .46; improvising h2 = .62) in Finnish multigenerational families. We also show that high music test scores are significantly associated with creative functions in music (pmusic test scores (COMB) (p = 0.0056; corrected p = 0.0006). AVPR1A haplotype AVR+RS1 further suggested a positive association with ST (p = 0.0038; corrected p = 0.00184) and COMB (p = 0.0083; corrected p = 0.0040) using haplotype-based association test HBAT. The results suggest that the neurobiology of music perception and production is likely to be related to the pathways affecting intrinsic attachment behavior. PMID:19461995

  3. Musical aptitude is associated with AVPR1A-haplotypes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ukkola, Liisa T; Onkamo, Päivi; Raijas, Pirre; Karma, Kai; Järvelä, Irma

    2009-05-20

    Artistic creativity forms the basis of music culture and music industry. Composing, improvising and arranging music are complex creative functions of the human brain, which biological value remains unknown. We hypothesized that practicing music is social communication that needs musical aptitude and even creativity in music. In order to understand the neurobiological basis of music in human evolution and communication we analyzed polymorphisms of the arginine vasopressin receptor 1A (AVPR1A), serotonin transporter (SLC6A4), catecol-O-methyltranferase (COMT), dopamin receptor D2 (DRD2) and tyrosine hydroxylase 1 (TPH1), genes associated with social bonding and cognitive functions in 19 Finnish families (n = 343 members) with professional musicians and/or active amateurs. All family members were tested for musical aptitude using the auditory structuring ability test (Karma Music test; KMT) and Carl Seashores tests for pitch (SP) and for time (ST). Data on creativity in music (composing, improvising and/or arranging music) was surveyed using a web-based questionnaire. Here we show for the first time that creative functions in music have a strong genetic component (h(2) = .84; composing h(2) = .40; arranging h(2) = .46; improvising h(2) = .62) in Finnish multigenerational families. We also show that high music test scores are significantly associated with creative functions in music (pmusic test scores (COMB) (p = 0.0056; corrected p = 0.0006). AVPR1A haplotype AVR+RS1 further suggested a positive association with ST (p = 0.0038; corrected p = 0.00184) and COMB (p = 0.0083; corrected p = 0.0040) using haplotype-based association test HBAT. The results suggest that the neurobiology of music perception and production is likely to be related to the pathways affecting intrinsic attachment behavior.

  4. LA CONCIENCIA MIRÁNDOSE A SÍ MISMA: Reconceptualizando la organización de los procesos conscientes desde un análisis budista.

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    Juan Cristóbal Ruiz D.

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available La conciencia ha constituido uno de los principales problemas para las ciencias cognitivas. A un nive l epistemológico de la reflexión, esta dificultad est á dada en cómo se ha conceptualizado el problema, y las entidades conceptuales que constituyen el paradigma del procesamiento de la información, marco imperante del cognitivismo en la neurociencia cogni tiva y la psicología cognitiva. Pensar la concienci a como un producto de un proceso lógico-secuencial es un supuesto difícil de sostener dada la vasta evidencia actual de que el cerebro está en constant e actividad, con múltiples áreas que se activan de manera simultanea, y por otra parte en un organismo que si empre se encuentra en movimiento. Desde esta posici ón, proponemos la comprensión de la conciencia a partir de un análisis desde la filosofía budista, que es un riguroso estudio desde una perspectiva de primera p ersona. La psicología budista plantea a la concienc ia como un fenómeno interdependiente de causas y condi ciones y como un flujo dinámico, de momentos ligados en una relación de causalidad o karma . Este análisis que proveniente de las diferentes e xperiencias meditativas, con una enorme tradición, está relacio nado con los nuevos hallazgos de la neurociencia cognitiva y de la neurodinámica. Lo que nos plantea mos aquí, es proponer una reconceptualización preliminar que podría dar luces para un nuevo model o teórico para el estudio de los procesos conscientes.

  5. A theory of meaning of caregiving for parents of mentally ill children in Taiwan, a qualitative study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yen, Wen-Jiuan; Teng, Ching-Hwa; Huang, Xuan-Yi; Ma, Wei-Fen; Lee, Sheuan; Tseng, Hsiu-Chih

    2010-01-01

    The aim of this study is to generate a theory of meaning of care-giving for parents of mentally ill children in Taiwan. Studies indicate that the meaning of care-giving plays an important role in the psychological adjustment of care-givers to care-giving. With a positive meaning of care-giving, care-givers can accept their roles and adapt to them more readily. The research employs the qualitative method of grounded theory, the inquiry is based on symbolic interactionism. Twenty parental care-givers of children with schizophrenia were recruited at a private hospital in central Taiwan. Semi-structured interviews were conducted. A comparative method was used to analyse the text and field notes. Responsibility (zeren) emerges as the core category or concept. Responsibility expresses broadly the behavioural principles that are culturally prescribed and centred on familial ethics and values. Related concepts and principles that influence caregiver actions and affections include a return of karma, challenges from local gods and fate. By maintaining their culturally prescribed interpretations of care-giving, parents hope to give care indefinitely without complaints. The findings clearly suggest that the meaning of care-giving is determined through a process of internal debate that is shaped by culturally specific concepts. The paper attempts to explain some of these culturally specific determinants and explanations of care-giving behaviour. The theory contributes knowledge about the meaning of care-giving for parents of mentally ill children in Taiwan. It should be useful reference for mental health professionals, who provide counselling services to ethnically Taiwanese care-givers.

  6. Ham petrol fiyatlarının ANFIS ile tahmini

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    Oğuz KAYNAR

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Ekonomik kalkınmanın temel ağırlıklı girdisini oluşturan ve halen dünyadaki en önemli enerji kaynağı olma özelliğini koruyan petrol, doğrudan ya da dolaylı olarak tüm sektörleri etkilemektedir. Bu nedenle petrol piyasasında ve dolayısıyla fiyatında ortaya çıkan değişiklikler, oluşturdukları zincirleme reaksiyonlar aracılığı ile hem ülke, hem de dünya ekonomisi üzerinde çeşitli etkiler yaratmaktadır. Karmaşık dinamiklerinden dolayı, oldukça değişken ve etkileşimli bir yapıya sahip petrol piyasasında geleceğe yönelik etkili planlar yapmak için doğru ve güvenilir tahminlere gereksinim vardır. Bu çalışmada orta ve uzun vadeli petrol fiyatlarını tahmin etmek amacıyla bulanık çıkarım sistemleriyle yapay sinir ağlarının birleşiminden oluşan ANFIS (Adaptive Neuro Fuzzy Inference System kullanılmıştır.

  7. The impact of co-morbidity on health-related quality of life in breast cancer survivors and controls.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schoormans, Dounya; Czene, Kamila; Hall, Per; Brandberg, Yvonne

    2015-05-01

    The objective of this study was: 1) to compare health-related quality of life (HRQoL) scores of breast cancer survivors to matched controls; and 2) to examine the relative impact (explained variance) of the type and number of co-morbidities on HRQoL. Data from the KARMA project was used in this cross-sectional study. For each woman diagnosed with breast cancer (n = 2552) there were two healthy age- and geographically matched females (n = 5104). Breast cancer survivors were categorized according to time since diagnosis: recently diagnosed (0-1 year), short- (2-5 years), mid- (6-10 years), and long-term survivors (> 10 years). Women completed a questionnaire addressing demographics (age, educational level, and geographical location), lifestyle factors (body mass index (BMI) and smoking), co-morbidities, and HRQoL. The difference in explained variance in six HRQoL-domains between demographics, lifestyle factors, and co-morbidity in women with breast cancer and matched controls was examined by hierarchical regression analyses. Women recently diagnosed (n = 63), reported the worst HRQoL followed by short-term survivors (2-5 years, n = 863). Thereafter, HRQoL scores further improved (6-10 years, n = 726), and were comparable to healthy females after 10 years (n = 893). Co-morbidity has a negative impact on HRQoL, which increased with time after diagnosis. Cardiovascular disease and depression were the strongest associates. Breast cancer survivors report clinically significant improvement in HRQoL scores six years after diagnosis. Co-morbidity has a negative impact on HRQoL, which increases with time after diagnosis, even though the number of co-morbidities remains stable. In long-term survivors there should be increasing awareness of co-morbidity and its impact on HRQoL.

  8. Reincarnation: Mechanics, Narratives, and Implications

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    Christopher Key Chapple

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available This essay explores the mechanics associated with rebirth, noting differences between Hindu, Buddhist, and Jain narratives. It examines the concept of subtle body and the liṅgam in Sāṃkhya. According to the Hindu tradition, the remains of the departed person, when cremated, merge with clouds in the upper atmosphere. As the monsoon rain clouds gather, the leftovers mingle with the clouds, returning to earth and eventually finding new life in complex biological cycles. According to Tibetan and Chinese Buddhism, the remains of a person take a ghostly form for 49 days until taking a new birth. According to Jainism, the departed soul immediately travels to the new birth realm at the moment of death. According to Jain karma theory, in the last third of one’s life, a living being makes a fateful choice that determines his or her next embodiment. The 20th century Hindu Yoga teacher Paramahamsa Yogananda, in his commentary on the Bhagavad Gita, provides an alternate description of a twofold astral and causal body. One hallmark of the Buddha and of the 24 Jain Tīrthaṅkaras was that they remembered all the lives they had lived and the lessons learned in those lives. The Buddha recalled 550 past lives and used these memories to fuel many of his lectures. Mahāvīra remembered his past lives and also the past lives of others. Patañjali’s Yoga Sūtra states that through the perfection of giving up all things, including psychological attachments, one spontaneously will remember past lives. In the Yogavāsiṣṭha, a Hindu text, Puṇya remembers the past lives of his grieving brother as well as his own prior experiences.

  9. PA01.34. Catagorical interpretation in Microsoft excel of jangam dravya database from Bruhat-Trayi & Laghu-Trayi

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saraf, Abhijeet

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: Not a single drug in Ayurveda has been termed as non-medicinal. This means every Dravya has medicinal value in this world. Jangam dravya is an animal sourced medicine. In samhita Jangam Dravya are described first. So as per Krama Varnan Vichar, Jangam Dravyas are significant in this type. In Ayurvedic literature there is more literature on Audbhid & Parthiva Dravyas. I Total available nighantu: more than 25. Total available Rasa Grantha: about 145. There is no one Grantha on Jangam Dravya which describes their whole information. Jangam Dravyas are described in Ayurvedic literature in different views and in different branches. Gross description is available in Samhitas. But they aren’t in format. They are not compiled according to their Guna Karma, Upayogitwa, Vyadhiharatwa, and Kalpa etc. Their use in Chikitsa is minimal as their ready references are not available, though very much effective. So due to sheer need of compilation of these references this topic was selected for study. The basic need for study of Jangam Dravya is to prepare its whole DATABASE. So through this study Database of Jangam Dravya can be available like Jangam Dravya. Method: Selection of topic this is a fundamental & literary study, Selection of material, Selection of Database software & font, Collection of data & preparation of Master Chart, Preparation of Database, Interpretation & summarization of data. Result: So in this paper, we are going to focus on literature availability of jangam dravya with the help of modern technique like Microsoft Excel. And also how we can prepare and use the categorical interpretation of jangam dravya with help of database Conclusion: Jangam Dravyas are described in Ayurvedic literature in different views and in different branches. Importances of these dravyas are the main key point of this study.

  10. Soul and its Fate after Death in Jainism

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    Muhammad Mehdi Alimardi

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Although considered as one of the Hindu religions and despite some similarities, Jainism, due to its attitude towards soul and its origin, is placed somehow contrary to Hinduism.  Jainism and Hinduism have many similar characteristic features, including the concepts of samsara, karma and moksha.  However, Jain’s attitude to human nature and his final goal and the way to reach that goal distinguishes it from Hinduism. Despite huge complexities of Jainism, it can be said that soul (jīva plays a critical role in this religion; respect to creatures, no matter in what rank they are (Ahiṃsā, is the main and fundamental rule of Jainism; this respect is derived definitely not from a materialistic aspect, but rather due to a soul which reaches a superior rank of human existence by passing through different worlds; therefore, Jainists, following specific ethical principles and going through severe physical austerities, as a result of which  the effect of Matter (Ajīva on the soul (jīva is disappeared, can achieve the state of sincerity (Maqam e Kholus and essence of being. This state has a godlike status in Jainism. However, achieving this feature will be examined by describing the issues relevant to this religion. Clearly, it will be explained by examining the concept of soul and its type and the relationship between soul/body and soul/deed, as well as the issue of incarnation and the way to salvation in this religion

  11. Trafik Kazalarının Tehlike İndeksi Metodu ile Analizi: Denizli Örneği

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    Cenk OZAN

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Trafik kazaları pek çok etkenin bileşkesi sonucu meydana gelen, karmaşık ve analizi zor bir konudur. Şehiriçi ulaşım ağlarında trafik kazalarının azaltılması için birçok çalışma yapılmakla beraber kaynağında insan ve çevre faktörünü barındıran trafik kazalarının tam olarak önlenebilmesi mümkün olamamaktadır. Bu nedenle özellikle şehiriçi ulaşım ağlarında kaza riski taşıyan linklerin belirlenmesi ve buna bağlı olarak gerekli önlemlerin alınabilmesi oldukça önem arz etmektedir. Bu çalışmada kaza riski taşıyan linklerin belirlenmesi amacıyla tehlike indeksi metodu kullanılmıştır. Çalışma alanı olarak Denizli kentinin trafik hacmi açısından en yoğun bölgelerini içeren ulaşım ağı seçilmiştir. Belirlenen ulaşım ağında tehlike indeksi uygulamasında kullanılacak veriler toplanmış, bölgedeki linkler için tehlike indeksleri hesaplanmış ve risk derecelendirilmesi yapılmıştır. Analizlerde kullanılmak üzere, linkler üzerinde, sabah ve akşam zirve saatlerinde hız ve hacim ölçümleri yapılmıştır. Yapılan risk analizi ve derecelendirilmesi sonucunda tehlike indeksi metodunun trafik kaza risk analizlerinde kullanılabileceği ve bu sayede kaza sayılarının azaltılabilmesi yönünde yapılacak çalışmalara temel oluşturabileceği belirlenmiştir.

  12. POETRY AFTER TANZİMAT AND ISMAİL SAFÂ TANZİMAT SONRASI ŞİİR ANLAYIŞI VE İSMAİL SAFÂ

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    Sefa YÜCE

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available İsmail Safâ was a poet of a transitional period. He was ipraised by Muallim Naci and he attracted the attention of his peers. In the discussion of antiqutiy-innovation, he took Ekrem’s stand and adopts new approach in poetry. He participated to Servet-i Fünûn (Wealth of Sciences Community. He took Ekrem’s “Talim-i Edebiyat” (Instruction of Literature production as a model. He wrote theoretical productions regarding main problems of literature.İsmail Safâ was a poet who knew poetry well and attracted attention with having command of the language. Also one of his characteristics seperating him from other poets is to put forward the concept of “national language”. Believing that art can not exist without science poet became a model to young poets in this case by defending the vitality of science of literature.In this study, Literature’s theorectical problems are tried to be assessed by addressing from the point of İsmail Safâ’s productions İsmail Safâ, bir geçiş dönemi şairidir. Edebiyatta eskilik-yenilik tartışmalarında Recaizâde Ekrem’in tarafını tutar ve yeni şiir anlayışını benimser. Servet-i Fünûn topluluğuna katılır. Ekrem’in “Talim-i Edebiyat” eserinden etkilenerek edebiyatın temel sorunlarıyla ilgili teorik eserler yazar. İsmail Safâ, şiir ve şiiriyeti iyi bilen, dile hakimiyeti ile dikkat çeken bir şairdir. Ayrıca onu diğer şairlerden ayıran bir niteliği de “millî dil” kavramını öne çıkarmasıdır. İlimsiz sanat olamayacağını düşünen şair, edebiyat ilminin gerekliliğini savunarak bu konuda genç şairlere örnek olur.Bu çalışmada, İsmail Safâ’nın eserlerinden hareketle edebiyatın teorik sorunları ele alınarak değerlendirilmeye çalışılmaktadır.

  13. Sen Aydınlatırsın Geceyi İsimli Filmin Göstergebilimsel Çözümlemesi

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    ümit Hüseyin Girgin

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Sinema, onun üzerine düşünenler ve yaratıcıları için; roman, fotoğraf,resim, tiyatro, müzik, dans, mimari gibi bir çok sanat dalından yararlanılarak oluşturulan karma bir oluşumdur. Badiou’nun saf olmayan saf bir sanat olarak nitelendirdiği Sinema sanatı bir çok farklı sanat biçiminden yararlanarak kendi sınırlılıkları çerçevesinde bir film dili, bu film dilini oluşturan öğelerin bir araya gelmesi ile de bir anlam üretimi sağlamaktadır. Görsel ve işitsel öğelerin bir araya gelmesi ile oluşan hikayeler, film diline ait olan göstergeleri ortaya çıkarır. Bu göstergeler ise göstergebilim kuramı tarafından incelenerek bilimsel bir bağlam içerisinde ele alınabilir. Roland Barthes’in anlamlandırma yöntemi, Saussure'ün göstergebilimsel anlayışı ve  Greimas'ın eyleyenler yöntemi ve göstergebilimsel dörtgen modelinin temel alındığı bu çalışmada sinemada anlamı oluşturan göstergeler Onur Ünlü'nün Sen Aydınlatırsın Geceyi filmi örnek alınarak incelenmiştir. Bu çalışmanın amacı göstergebilim ve sinema ilişkisini temel alarak öykü, zaman, mekan, karakter ve film diline ait göstergelerin Sen Aydınlatırsın Geceyi isimli filmde anlatımın kurulmasına ve anlamın inşa edilmesine nasıl bir katkıda bulunduğunu incelemektir.

  14. Bütünleşik Tedarik Zinciri Ağında Tesis Yeri Seçimi için Bulanık Çok Amaçlı Programlama Modeli

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    Hüseyin Ali Sarıkaya

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Geleneksel tedarik zinciri ağı tasarım problemleri genellikle tek amaçlı olarak ele alınmıştır. Ancak, tedarik zincirleri gerçek hayatta birbirleri ile çelişen amaçları olan organizasyonların meydana getirdiği karmaşık ağlardır. Bu çalışmada, piyasa taleplerinin belirsiz olduğu bütünleşik bir tedarik zinciri ağındaki birden fazla ölçülemeyen amacı gerçekleştirmek için çok ürünlü, çok aşamalı ve çok dönemli planlama modeli önerilmiştir. Tedarik zinciri planlama modeli, birbiriyle çelişen birkaç amacı doyurmak için karışık tam sayılı doğrusal olmayan programlama problemi olarak bina edilmiştir. Önerilen model iki amaç fonksiyonundan oluşmaktadır. Birincisi, tedarik zincirindeki sabit tesis açma ve işletme maliyetleri ile mesafelere bağlı olarak belirlenen taşıma maliyetlerinin en azlanmasıdır. İkincisi, Ekonomik Üretim Miktarı (EÜM modeline göre satın alma, sipariş verme, stok bulundurma ve yok satma maliyetlerinin en azlanmasıdır. Önerilen modelde, karar vericilerin kesin olmayan hedef değerlerini dahil edebilmek için bulanık hedef programlama yaklaşımı kullanılmıştır. Model, GAMS optimizasyon programı kullanılarak çözülmüştür. Çalışmada sunulan uygulama sonuçları, bulanık modelleme ve çözüm yaklaşımlarının daha gerçekçi tedarik zinciri modelleri oluşturulmasında kullanılabileceğini göstermiştir.

  15. Musical aptitude is associated with AVPR1A-haplotypes.

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    Liisa T Ukkola

    Full Text Available Artistic creativity forms the basis of music culture and music industry. Composing, improvising and arranging music are complex creative functions of the human brain, which biological value remains unknown. We hypothesized that practicing music is social communication that needs musical aptitude and even creativity in music. In order to understand the neurobiological basis of music in human evolution and communication we analyzed polymorphisms of the arginine vasopressin receptor 1A (AVPR1A, serotonin transporter (SLC6A4, catecol-O-methyltranferase (COMT, dopamin receptor D2 (DRD2 and tyrosine hydroxylase 1 (TPH1, genes associated with social bonding and cognitive functions in 19 Finnish families (n = 343 members with professional musicians and/or active amateurs. All family members were tested for musical aptitude using the auditory structuring ability test (Karma Music test; KMT and Carl Seashores tests for pitch (SP and for time (ST. Data on creativity in music (composing, improvising and/or arranging music was surveyed using a web-based questionnaire. Here we show for the first time that creative functions in music have a strong genetic component (h(2 = .84; composing h(2 = .40; arranging h(2 = .46; improvising h(2 = .62 in Finnish multigenerational families. We also show that high music test scores are significantly associated with creative functions in music (p<.0001. We discovered an overall haplotype association with AVPR1A gene (markers RS1 and RS3 and KMT (p = 0.0008; corrected p = 0.00002, SP (p = 0.0261; corrected p = 0.0072 and combined music test scores (COMB (p = 0.0056; corrected p = 0.0006. AVPR1A haplotype AVR+RS1 further suggested a positive association with ST (p = 0.0038; corrected p = 0.00184 and COMB (p = 0.0083; corrected p = 0.0040 using haplotype-based association test HBAT. The results suggest that the neurobiology of music perception and production is likely to be related to the pathways affecting intrinsic attachment

  16. Ethnomedicinal plants used by the people of Manang district, central Nepal

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    Chaudhary Ram P

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The district of Manang (2000 – 6000 m is located in the Central Himalayas, Nepal. The majority of local inhabitants of the area are Gurungs, of Tibetan origin. The remoteness of the region has resulted in continued use of plants as medicine in an area where the ethnobotany has sparsely been documented. Methods Interviews were conducted with amchi (Tibetan medicinal practitioners, local healers (including priests locally known as 'lamas', plant traders, and knowledgeable villagers (including herders regarding local plant names and their medicinal uses during several field visits (2002–2005. When convenient to the locals, a jungle or forest walk was done with the healers, allowing for both plant collection and detailed information gathering. Results This present research documented 91 ethnomedicinal plant species, belonging to 40 families under 73 genera, and 45 new ethnomedicinal plant species are added. These 91 locally used medicinal plants are found to treat 93 ailments. This study provides information on 45 plant species previously unknown for their medicinal uses in Manang. The indication for use, mode of preparation, dose and administration of medicine are described in detail for each species. Conclusion This wealth of ethnobotanical knowledge persists, and is being transferred to the next generation in some areas in upper Manang, in a country where this is often not the case. The senior amchi of the area (Karma Sonam Lama, who has been practicing Tibetan medicine for three generations, feels that it is of utmost importance to conserve the traditional healing system and to pass his knowledge on to the local community about the importance of medicinal plants. He hopes that this will lead to the conservation and sustainable management of medicinal plants in the villages. Over the duration of this research, the prices of several rare medicinal plants of Manang increased dramatically, highlighting both the scarcity and

  17. AÇIK VE UZAKTAN EĞİTİM SİSTEMİ SEÇİMİ İÇİN ÇOK ÖLÇÜTLÜ BİR KARAR VERME YAKLAŞIMININ KULLANILMASI

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    Zehra KAMIŞLI ÖZTÜRK

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Bugün, dünya çapında çeşitli açık ve uzaktan eğitim (ODL sistemleri bulunmaktadır. Bu noktada, yaşam boyu öğrenme kapsamında kariyer yolundaki yeteneklerini geliştirmek isteyen bir öğrenen için bir ODL programını nasıl seçeceği önemli bir soru haline gelmektedir. Bu ise birbirine bağlı ölçütlerden oluşan karmaşık bir karar problemidir. Analitik Serim Süreci (ANP , bu bağlılıkları ele alan çok ölçütlü bir karar verme yöntemidir. ANP’deki serimler en iyi kararı vermek için hem nitel hem de nicel tüm faktör ve ölçütleri içermektedir. Bu çalışmada, ODL sistemlerini etkileyen ölçütleri araştırmak ve önceliklendirmek ile öğrenenlere bir ODL programı seçiminde yardımcı olmak amacıyla bir ANP modeli kurulmuştur. Çalışma sonucunda, lisans programları en çok tercih edilen ODL programı olmuştur. Ayrıca önerilen ANP modeli, her bir program türünün yürütülmesi için hangi ölçüt ve/veya ölçütlere dikkat edilmesi konusunda da uzaktan eğitim kurumlarına yardımcı olacaktır. Bu nedenle bu çalışma, ODL politikası geliştirme açısından da kurumlara destek verecektir.

  18. Çocuklarda Öykülemenin Gelişimi ve Dilin Değerlendirilmesinde Kullanımı

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    Pelin Piştav Akmeşe

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Çocukların kendini ifade etmek için en sık kullandığı sözel dili ifade biçimlerinden biri öykülerdir. Çocuklar, oldukça erken yaşlarda öykü anlatma becerilerini kazanmaya başlamaktadır. Öyküleme analizi bize çocukların, dil alanlarına ait bilgileri nasıl biraraya getirdiği hakkında bilgi sağlamaktadır. Öyküleme, çocuklardaki gelişimsel ilerlemeyi açık bir şekilde gösterebileceğinden sözel dil gelişimini değerlendirmek için bir araç olarak kullanılabilmektedir. Öyküler, günlük konuşmalardan daha karmaşık dil yapısına sahip olduğu için öyküleme gelişiminin değerlendirilmesi ile gelecekteki dil gelişimi yordanabilmektedir. Aynı zamanda erken dönem öyküleme becerisi, gelecekteki akademik becerilerin yordayıcısıdır. Bu yüzden öyküleme, dili öğrenme problemi olan tüm okul çağındaki çocuklarda müdahale hedefleri arasında yer almalıdır. It is a narrative or a story that is one of the most common verbal language expressions, which children use very often to express themselves. Children start to acquire their ability to tell a story at early ages. A narrative analysis provides us with the information about how it combines the information of linguistic areas. A narrative shows clearly the developmental progress and can be used as a means of the evaluation of verbal linguistic development. The linguistic development in the future can be predicted with the evaluation of the narrative development because the narratives have more complex linguistic structures than the daily language. In addıtıon, early narrative skills are the predictors of the academic skills in the future. That’s why, the narrative should be one of the intervention targets in school-age children who have a difficulty in learning the language.

  19. YAZILIM TEKRAR KULLANIMI VE NESNEYE YÖNELİK YAKLAŞIM

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    Halil ŞENGONCA

    1995-02-01

    Full Text Available Yazılımın tekrar kullanımı, bir yazılım sisteminin geliştirilmesinde kullanılan bilginin ve ürünlerin, başka bir yazılım sistemi için kullanılmasıdır. Yazılımın tekrar kullanımı için kaynak kod bileşenlerinden oluşan bir kütüphane ve karmaşık sistemlerin bu yapı bloklarından oluşturulması fikri, ilk olarak 1968'te Dough McIlroy tarafından önerilmiştir. Günümüzde programlama dilleri, kullanılan teknikler ve araçlar çok değişmesine rağmen yazılımın tekrar kullanımı yazılım geliştirme maliyetlerini azaltmak ve kaliteyi yükseltmek için hala bir çözüm olarak görülmektedir. Nesneye yönelik programlama, kalıtım, koruma gibi özellikleriyle, kaynak kod bileşenlerinin oluşturulmasını ve kullanımını desteklemektedir. Yine de yazılım tekrar kullanımını bir kuruluş düzeyinde gerçekleştirmek için planlı ve koordineli bir programa gereksinim vardır. Bu makalede, yazılım tekrar kullanımı tanımlanmış ve nesneye yönelik yaklaşım ile yazılım tekrar kullanımını amaçlayan bir yazılım geliştirme süreci tanıtılmıştır. Ayrıca bir kuruluşun yazılım tekrar kullanımını kurumsallaştırma süreci için bir strateji önerilmiştir.

  20. TÜRKİYE MUHASEBE STANDARTLARI VE MÜŞTERİ SADAKATİ PROGRAMLARI KAPSAMINDA VERİLEN PROMOSYON ÜRÜNLERİNİN MUHASEBE UYGULAMASI

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    Engin YARBAŞI

    2012-11-01

    birimlerin varlıklarını sürdürebilmeleri için 1960’ lı yıllarda 4P olarak da adlandırılan Pazarlama Karması kavramı literatüre girmiştir. Çeşitli tanımlamalar arasında mal, mekân, fiyat ve tutundurma olarak türkçeye çevrilebilecek Pazarlama Karması elemanları müşteriyi bulabilmek ve elde tutabilmek için geliştirilmiş araçlardır.Zaman içerisinde Tutundurma kavramı büyük ölçüde genişlemiş, işletmeler yeni müşteri bulmak ve eski müşteriyi elde tutabilmek için çeşitli yöntemler geliştirilmiştir. Yeni müşteri elde etme maliyetinin eski müşteriyi korumaktan altı kere daha pahalı olduğu görüldüğünde eski müşteriye yatırım yapmak daha cazip hale gelmiştir. Müşteri bağlılığı ya da sadakati olarak adlandırılan eski müşteriyi elde tutmaya yönelik faaliyetlerin zaman farklılığı muhasebe üzerinde de etkili olmuş ve uluslararası muhasebe standartlarına girmiş bulunmaktadır.

  1. Kırım-Tatar Atasözlerinin Sentaksı Üzerine Bir Araştırma A Syntactic Study On The Crimean Tatar Proverbs

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    Mevlüt GÜLTEKİN

    2013-07-01

    atasözü cümle bilgisi yönünden ele alınmıştır. Cümle yapıları itibarıyla atasözleri, I. Basit, II. Birleşik, 1. Sıralı, 2. Şart, 3. İç içe ve 4. Girişik cümle, III. Karmaşık cümle yapısındaki atasözleri olarak tasnif edilmek suretiyle incelenmiştir. Basit cümle yapısındaki atasözleri (1-231, yüklemlerinin türüne göre fiil cümleleri, isim cümleleri; anlamlarına göre olumlu, olumsuz ve emir cümleleri olarak gözden geçirilmiştir. Önemli bir bölümü sıralı cümle yapısı gösteren atasözleri (24-61 ise, bağlaçsız ve bağlaçlı sıralı cümleler olarak ikiye ayrılarak incelenmiştir. Şartlı birleşik cümle yapısındaki atasözleri (62-83 de zarf tümleci, özne, nesne, yer tamlayıcısı vb. işlevli olanlar biçiminde ele alınmıştır. İç içe birleşik cümle yapısındaki atasözleri (84-96 ise iç cümleciğin temel cümledeki işlevi esas alınarak ele alınmıştır. Girişik cümle yapısındaki atasözleri (97-150 de: a. isim-fiillerle, b. sıfat-fiillerle, c. zarf-fiillerle kurulan girişik cümle yapısına sahip atasözleri olarak incelenmiştir ve bu yapıların katıldığı birleşik cümlelerdeki işlevlerine de işaret edilmiştir. Makalenin son bölümünde ise karmaşık cümle yapısındaki (151-168 atasözleri ele alınmıştır.

  2. Kırgız Atasözlerinin Cümle Yapısı Üzerinde Bazı Gözlemler Some Observations On The Sentence Structures of The Kirghiz Proverbs

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    Mevlüt GÜLTEKİN

    2013-03-01

    alışmamızda, çoğunu, Kırgızistan’da yayımlanmış Bir Miñ Kırgız Eliniñ Makal-Lakaptarı (BM adlı eserle Türkiye’de çıkmış Kırgız Atasözleri (KA adlı iki çalışmadan aldığımız, 97 Kırgız atasözünü cümle yapıları bakımından gözden geçireceğiz. Kalıplaşmış ifade biçimlerinden biri olan Kırgız atasözlerini, cümle yapıları itibarıyla, 1. Basit, 2. Birleşik, a. sıralı, b. girişik, c. şart, ç. iç içe birleşik ve 3. Karmaşık cümle yapısındaki atasözleri olarak tasnif etmek suretiyle inceleyeceğiz. Basit cümle yapısındaki atasözleri (1-101, anlamca bildirme ve emir cümlesi yapısındakiler olmak üzere ikiye ayrılarak gözden geçireceğiz. Sıralı cümle yapısındaki atasözlerini (11-25 ise, dizilişlerine göre, kurallı ve devrik yapıda olanlar olarak inceleyeceğiz. Şartlı birleşik cümle yapısındaki atasözlerini (26-44 de, zarf tümleci, özne, nesne, yer tamlayıcısı vb. işlevli olanlar biçiminde gözden geçireceğiz. İç içe birleşik cümle yapısındaki atasözlerini (45-55 ise, nesne işlevi gören ve degen sıfat-fiilinin önünde gelip vasıflayıcı olarak kullanılanlar diye ikiye ayırarak ele alacağız. Girişik cümle yapısındaki atasözlerini (58-78 ise, A. isim-fiillerle, B. sıfat-fiillerle, C. zarf-fiillerle kurulan girişik birleşik cümle yapısına sahip atasözleri olarak inceleyecek ve bu fiil gruplarının katıldığı birleşik cümlelerdeki işlevlerine de işaret edeceğiz. İçerdiği temel cümlelerden en az birisi girişik cümlecik veya şart cümleciği yapısındaki iki ya da daha fazla sıralı cümleden veya şartlı birleşik cümleden meydana gelen karmaşık cümle yapısındaki atasözlerini (79-97 ise, makalenin sonunda gözden geçireceğiz.

  3. Pre-Service Elementary Mathematics Teachers’ Generalization Processes of Patterns: Strategies and Justifications [İlköğretim Matematik Öğretmeni Adaylarının Örüntüleri Genelleme Süreçleri: Stratejiler ve Gerekçelendirmeler

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    Yaşar Akkan

    2017-12-01

    retilebildiği lineer ve kuadratik örüntü problemleridir. Mülakatlar sonucu toplanan veriler araştırmanın kavramsal çerçevesi dâhilinde betimsel analiz tekniği kullanılarak çözümlenmiştir. Elde edilen sonuçlardan, öğretmen adaylarının en yaygın kullandığı strateji türü fonksiyonel strateji olmakla birlikte, içeriksel, yinelemeli, tahmin-kontrol ve karma stratejileri de kullanmışlardır. Öğretmen adaylarının çoğu gerekçelendirmelerini sayısal kontrol yoluyla doğrulama ile yapmışken, açıklama ve dışsal bilgi kaynağı yoluyla gerekçelendirme yapan öğretmen adayları da tespit edilmiştir.

  4. VAROLUŞ FELSEFELERİ, VAROLUŞÇU TERAPİ VE SOSYAL HİZMET

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    Gizem ÇELİK

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Öz Varoluş felsefeleri, insanı ve insan yaşamını açıklamaya çalışan felsefi akımları temel alarak; ancak onlardan farklılaşan önemli nitelikleri ile günümüz insanının sorunlarına yönelen ve tek bir tanımlamayla anılması mümkün olmayan, kimilerine göre bir felsefe yapma tarzını kimilerine göre ise bir felsefi iklimi ifade etmektedir. En yalın ifadeyle, insanı nesne gibi ele alan ve yorumlayan yaklaşımlara tepki olarak, insanın biricik ve otantik oluşu özelliği ile tanımlanması gereken bir varoluş olduğunu belirten varoluşçu görüş, pek çok insanî soruyu ele alıp işleyerek “öz-varoluş ilişkisi”, “varlığın ve hayatın anlamı”, “özgür iradenin insan davranışlarındaki rolü”, “sınırsız özgürlük ve sorumluluk”, “varoluşsal anksiyete” gibi pek çok konuda açıklamalarda bulunmaktadır. Bu çalışmada, varoluş felsefelerine ve temel niteliklerine ilişkin genel bilgilere, artan ve karmaşıklaşan insan sorunlarının çözümünde önemli açıklamalar getirmesi dolayısıyla terapide yer bulan varoluşçu analizin özelliklerine ve odağı insan, insan sorun ve ihtiyaçları olan sosyal hizmet disiplin ve mesleğinin varoluş felsefeleri ile olan ilişkisine yer verilmektedir. Abstract Without a single definition, philosophies of existence sometimes described as the “way of making philosophy” or sometimes “climate of philosophy”. It basically arose from philosophical trends which are trying to explain human and life but differentiates from them by focusing on the problems of the modern man. By the simplest terms, existential philosophy states that human being must be defined as unique and authentic existent and it has born as a reaction to the approach that takes human beings as objects. Existential philosophy takes and examines many humanitarian questions such as "self-existence relationship”, “meaning of life and the existence”, “the role of

  5. Fıkıh ve Siyaseti Şer’iyye Bağlamında Küresel Helal Belgelendirme Çalışmalarına Eleştirel Bir Bakış / A Critical View on Global Halal Certification Activities in Terms of Fiqh and Siyasah Shar’iyyah

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    İsmail Yalçın

    2017-06-01

    Müslümanlar için helal, dini bakımdan yasaklanmamış, izin verilmiş manasında kullanılmakta; haram ve mekruh terimine karşıt, mubah ve caiz terimlerine yakın anlamlar ifade etmektedir. Sanayi öncesi dönemde helal ve haramı ayırt etmek günümüze göre daha basit iken günümüzde sanayi ve teknolojinin getirdiği yeniliklerle ortaya çıkan kompleks ürünler ve bu ürünlerin her yere ulaşabilmesi sebebiyle daha zor ve karmaşık hale gelmiştir. Bu durum Müslümanların satın aldığı ürünlere olan güvenini sarsmış ve giderek karşılaşılan helalliği şüpheli ürünlerin sayısını artırmıştır. Tarihte muhtesiplerin pazar denetimi Müslüman halk için bir güvence oluştururken günümüzde bu denetim ve güvence helal belgelendirme yöntemiyle sağlanmaya çalışılmaktadır. Yarım asırdan bu tarafa helal belgelendirme çalışmaları gelişerek devam etmesine rağmen bu çalışmalar henüz etkin ve yaygın bir helal güvence sağlayacak düzeyde değildir. Fıkhi ihtilaflar, sertifika kurumları arasındaki farklılıklar, helal sertifika ve helal logo farklılıkları, ulusal ve uluslararası düzeyde yasal boşluklar, ülkeler ve sertifika kurumları arasında ticari rekabet, uygulamanın etkinliğini olumsuz etkilemektedir. Helal belgesinin sağlıklı, güvenli ve hijyenik en üst ürün güvencesi olduğu iddiası, ferdi ve toplumsal dindarlığımıza yaptığı katkılar ve ticari alanda Müslümanlara sağladığı avantajlar ve dezavantajlar, dikkat çekici bir araştırma alanıdır.

  6. ENVIRONMENTAL STRATEGIC ANALYSIS ON VOIP (Voice Over Internet Protocol SERVICES INDUSTRY IN TURKEY - TÜRKİYE’DEKİ TELEKOMUNİKASYON ENDÜSTRİSİ VOIP (Voice over IP SEKTÖRÜNÜN STRATEJİK DIŞ ÇEVRE ANALİZİ

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    Nihan YILDIRIM

    2012-11-01

    ıyla,PEST, Rekabet (Beş Güç, değer zinciri ve SWOT analizleriuygulayarak Türkiye’deki VoIP servisleri endüstrisine, fırsatve tehdit teşkil eden çevresel stratejik faktörleri incelemektedir.Çalışma sonuçları, karmaşık bir değer zincirine sahip buendüstride, alıcı ve tedarikçilerin pazarlık güçleri yüksek;ikame tehdit ve fırsatlarının belirgin olduğu, teknolojikfaktörler kadar, sosyal, ekonomik ve özellikle yasal faktörlerendüstrideki rekabeti artırdığnı göstermektedir.

  7. Review: TASHI'S TURBINE

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    Alexander R O'Neill

    2018-05-01

    Full Text Available Amitabh Raj Joshi (director, producer. 2015. Tashi's Turbine. New York City, NY: Vacant Light LLC. 56 mins. http://bit.ly/2tg9fTx, Nepali and Lowa, English subtitles. Color. (Institutional use 320USD; (personal use 34.95USD. In the windswept valleys of Upper Mustang, Nepal, renewable energy is transforming lives. Micro-turbine projects have connected off-grid communities with basic electricity, providing hope for sustainable growth on the Roof of the World. The documentary Tashi's Turbine follows two friends as they experiment with these technologies in Nyamdok Village, along the Sino-Nepali border. Recognizing that high-mountain valleys, including Mustang, Palpa, and Khumbu, are rich in wind resources, Tashi and his friend, Jeevan Kumar Oli, attempt to mitigate poverty using grassroots energy. Tashi Bista was inspired in his youth by tales of "wind machines" at Kagbeni Village in Upper Mustang. In 1987, the Danish Government had funded a twenty-kilowatt turbine in the area; but, it was rapidly decommissioned due to maintenance complications. In 1996, the Government of Nepal established the Alternative Energy Promotion Center (AEPC to revive this and other wind programs and address related challenges. Nevertheless, AEPC's latest Wind Energy Resource Assessment revealed two decades of inaction. Wind programs in other parts of the country remain nascent; much of Central and Western Nepal have yet to be connected to the national grid. Director and cinematographer Amitabh Raj Joshi cultivates a nuanced vision of these developments by juxtaposing majestic landscapes against simple homes and everyday struggles for existence. The film opens with panoramas of the sapphire skies and canvas valleys of Mustang. Minutes later, kerosene fixtures illuminate paltry yields from subsistence harvests; children attempt to study under candlelight, often to no avail. Voicing the narratives of villagers like Chhimi Lhamo, Karma Lutok, and Pemba Tashi, Joshi captures

  8. İtibar Yönetimi Açışından Yeşil Pazarlama: Örnek Olay İncelemesi / Green Marketing in Terms of Reputation Management: A Case Study

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    Samet Kavoğlu

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available 21.yy modern işletmecilik mantığı çerçevesinde üretimin sorun olmaktan çıktığı, işletmeler için en önemli sıkıntının pazarlama faaliyetleri kapsamında yaşandığı düşünüldüğünde, alana dair çok sayıda yenilikçi fikrin ortaya çıkması oldukça normaldir. Bu fikri akımlar içerisinde yer alan, çalışma kapsamında incelenecek yeşil pazarlama uygulamalarını, diğerlerinden ayıran başlıca özellik pazarlama karması içerisinde yer alan tutundurma faaliyetlerinin her bir faktörüyle ilişkilendirilebilir olmasıdır. Çalışmanın sınırlarını çizebilmek ve derinlemesine araştırma olanağını arttırmak adına araştırma kapsamında yeşil pazarlamanın, tutundurma faaliyetlerinden halkla ilişkilerin, itibar yönetimi fonksiyonuyla olan ilişkisi, ödüllü bir proje olan “Unilever Sürdürülebilir Yaşam Planı” örneği üzerinden incelenmiştir. Çalışmanın sonunda, kuruluşun paydaşları nezdinde itibarını arttırmak gayesiyle hayata geçirilen yeşil pazarlama temalı, küresel ölçekli projenin hedefleri açısından genel değerlendirmesi yapılmıştır. Green Marketing in Terms of Reputation Management: A Case Study When it is taken into account that the production is no longer a problem within the framework of the modern business management logic of the 21st century and the primary difficulty is experienced by the businesses within the scope of the marketing activities, it is natural that a great number of innovative ideas emerge concerning the field. The main characteristic which distinguishes the practices of the green marketing which is in these streams of ideas and which will be examined within the scope of study from others is that they can be associated with each factor of promotional activities in the marketing mix. To be able to draw the lines of the study and to increase the possibility of the in-depth research, within the scope of the research, the relationship of

  9. Çocuk Kitaplarında Mülteciler ve Kültürleşme Stratejileri- Refugees and Acculturation Strategies in Children’s Books

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    Elif Emine BALTA

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available İnsanın veya insanların sosyal, ekonomik, siyasi veya başka sebeplerden dolayı yaşadıkları yerden farklı bir yere doğru hareket etmesi veya yerleşmesi olarak tanımlanabilen göç, insanın varoluşundan bu yana olan bir hadisedir. Göç, ister ilkel ister günümüzdeki örnekleri gibi karmaşık olsun insanların daha iyiyi arama bulma çabasından kaynaklanmaktadır. Buna rağmen göçe karar verme, göç süreci ve sonrasında yeniye alışma ve uyum sağlama zorluklarla doludur. Çocuğun küresel dünyanın bir parçası olması, toplumsal sorunların farkında olması, farklı insan, yaşayış ve kültürlerin var olabileceğinin bilincinde olması ve önyargılarından arınması için sosyal problemlerin örnekleriyle karşılaşması gerekmektedir. Türk çocuk edebiyatında son birkaç yılda mülteci ve sığınmacı göçleri ile ilgili konuların işlendiği görülmektedir. Bu çocuk kitapları, mültecilerin toplumsal kabul görmeleri noktasında düşünülerek yazılmış, toplumda farkındalık yaratmayı amaçlayan bir anlamda güdümlü eserler olarak karşımıza çıkmaktadır. Çocukların empati yapabilmelerine imkân tanıyacak eserlerin varlığı bu bağlamda sevindiricidir. Bu çalışmada, Umut Sokağı Çocukları, Kömür Karası Çocuk, Kuş Olsam Evime Uçsam, Juju Beni Unutma, Halepli Zeynep adlı kitaplar kültürleşme modeli perspektifinden değerlendirilmiştir. Türk toplumunun, özellikle çocukların vicdanına seslenen bu kitapların ortak noktasının mültecileri anlamak için çaba göstermeye odaklanma olduğu söylenebilir. Mültecilerin göç etme ve Türkiye’ye uyum sağlama süreçlerinde yaşadıkları, duygu ve düşünceleri çocuk bakış açısıyla sunulmuştur. Bununla birlikte Türk halkının mültecilere tavrının ve bu tavrın çocuk ruhuna yansımasının gerçekçi biçimde aktarıldığını söylemek mümkündür.

  10. REVIEW: MADE IN BHUTAN

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    Reviewed by Alexander R O'Neill

    2018-05-01

    Full Text Available Hirondelle Chatelard (director, producer. 2013. Made in Bhutan. Thimpu: The Loden Foundation. 33 mins. http://bit.ly/2ucz5EM. Color. With the new idea, it's not necessary that you have to forgo or forget your old tradition. You can have your old tradition, you can practice whatever you've been doing all along, and at the same time be open to new ideas and new thinking that new people bring in. - Nawang Tshering, The Bhutan Association of Women Entrepreneurs Bhutan, well recognized for its Gross National Happiness (GNH Index, has pursued growth strategies that integrate heritage preservation with UN Sustainable Development Goals. Buttressed by isolationist policies, however, its efforts have resulted in both a lagging national economy and rampant youth unemployment. Made in Bhutan is a short documentary that highlights local responses to these conditions since 2010. Set in the capital, Thimphu, it follows Bhutanese entrepreneurs as they navigate private sector ventures with potential for social impact. The film opens with a discussion of market liberalization in the Eastern Himalayas. For centuries, kings dictated Bhutan's economy with absolute authority; civil service was a common career path for many Bhutanese. In modern times, regional markets and population expansion have placed significant stress on these ancient institutions. Rural poverty, substance abuse, and rampant unemployment threaten the heritage of this Himalayan state. Made in Bhutan is refreshingly candid about many of these issues, even though it provides but cursory context for its economic woes. Karma Phunthsho, Founder of The Loden Foundation, comments on some of these challenges: There are many villages around here, in Western Bhutan, that are nearly vacant because children come to live in Thimpu and work in Thimphu. Parents then follow their children to live in Thimpu. As a result, we rely more on India for these products and for the commodities that we consume daily. And

  11. 5E Öğrenme Modeline Dayalı Etkinliklerin Öğrencilerin Bilimsel Süreç Becerileri ve Akademik Başarılarına Etkisi

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    Nurhan ÖZTÜRK GEREN

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Bu çalışmanın amacı, 6.sınıf ışık ve ses ünitesinde 5E öğrenme modeline dayalı etkinliklerin öğrencilerin bilimsel süreç becerileri ve akademik başarıları üzerindeki etkisini belirlemek ve bu etkinliklerin derste kullanımına yönelik öğrenci görüşlerini tespit etmektir. Bu amaca hizmet etmesi açısından 5E öğrenme modeline dayalı olarak rehber etkinlik seti geliştirilmiş ve setin süreçte etkililiği değerlendirilmiştir. 2011-2012 eğitim-öğretim yılında Sinop ili merkez ilçesinde bir ilköğretim okulunda altıncı sınıfa devam eden 25 deney ve 17 kontrol grubu öğrencisi ile gerçekleştirilen bu araştırmada karma yöntemler araştırma yöntemi kullanılmıştır. Araştırmanın nicel bölümünde, ön test son test kontrol gruplu deneysel desen kullanılmıştır. Araştırmanın deney grubu öğrencileri ile gerçekleştirilen nitel bölümünde ise durum çalışması (casestudy yöntemi kullanılmıştır. Araştırma süresince elde edilen nicel verilerin analizleri SPSS 15.0 istatistik paket programı ile nitel verilerin analizi ise içerik analizi ve sürekli karşılaştırılmalı veri analizi yöntemleri birlikte kullanılarak NVivo 8.0 Nitel Veri Analizi Programı ile gerçekleştirilmiştir. Araştırmada 5E öğrenme modeline uygun hazırlanan rehber etkinlikleri ile desteklenen dersin öğrencilerin bilimsel süreç becerileri ve akademik başarıları üzerinde anlamlı ve olumlu etkisi olmuştur.

  12. Okuma Gelişiminde Üst Dil Farkındalığı, Sesbilgisel Süreçler ve Bellek Süreçlerinin Etkisi: Kısa Süreli Bellek ve Çalışma Belleği

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    Filiz Sayar

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Bu makalede, alanyazında okuma gelişimini belirleyen üstdil farkındalığı, sesbilgisel beceriler ile bellek işlevlerine yer veren araştırmalar incelenmiştir. Bu bilişsel süreçler, karmaşık bir süreç olan okuma gelişimini farklı şekilde etkilemektedir. Bu makalede ele alınan araştırmalarda, başarılı bir okuma performansı için üstdil farkındalığının gerekli olduğu sonucuna ulaşılırken; üstdil farkındalığı becerilerinden sesbilgisel farkındalığın okumanın en güçlü yordayıcısı olduğu konusunda fikirbirliği sağlanmıştır. Okuma gelişimi ile kısa-süreli bellek ve çalışma belleği ilişkisini inceleyen araştırmalar ise, çalışma belleğinin kısa-süreli belleğe göre okumada daha etkili olduğu yönünde bulgular elde etmişlerdir. Diğer yandan, okuma gelişimi konusunda çalışmalarını yürüten bazı araştırmacılar, okumanın çok yönlü ve çoklu-etkenli olması nedeniyle okuma gelişimini belirleyecek tek ve en güçlü bilişsel etmenin bulunamayacağını ifade etmişlerdir. The research in the literature dealing with metalinguistic awareness, phonological abilities and memory functions determinig reading development were examined in this article. These cognitive processes determine differently reading that is a complicated process. The research stated in this article suggested that metalinguistic awareness was crucial for successful reading performance and agreed that phonological awareness one of the metalinguistic abilities was the most powerful predictor of reading. The research examining short-term memory and working memory with reading development obtained some evidence that working memory was more influential on reading than short-term memory. On the other hand, some researchers searching on reading development stated that unique and the most powerful cognitive factor predicting reading development could not be found because reading was multidirectional and

  13. The Analysis of the Primary School Mathematics Exam Questions According to the MATH Taxonomy [İlköğretim Matematik Dersi Sınav Sorularının MATH Taksonomisine Göre Analizi

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    Berna Aygün

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available In this study, the contents and types of elementary 6th, 7th, 8th grades’ mathematics exam questions are analyzed according to groups and categories of the MATH taxonomy. In order to achieve this aim documentary analysis research and Chi-square test are used and the analyses of questions are based on the definitions of groups and categories of the MATH taxonomy. Analyzed questions consist of 939 questions which are collected from mathematics classes of different schools at East Blacksea regions. In all of the questions, 260 are at 6th grade (27.7%, 327 are at 7th grade (34.8%, and 352 are at 8th grade (37.5% mathematics written exam questions. According to the results, two in every three questions used by instructors in math exams are at A3 "Routine use of Procedures" level in which the use of the procedure or algorithm is required to use properly. Most of the questions are from category A which contains routine procedures and basic abilities. in addition to this, there are fewer questions at category B which is required the higher order thinking skill, and scarcely any questions at higher-up thinking level, category C. [Bu çalışmada ilköğretim 6., 7. ve 8. sınıfların matematik dersi sınav sorularının ait olduğu öğrenme alanlarının ve soru türlerinin MATH taksonomi grup ve kategorilerine göre incelenmesi amaçlanmıştır. Bu amaç doğrultusunda çalışmada karma yöntem kullanılmış ve sorular MATH Taksonomi Grup ve Kategorilerine ait açıklamalar temel alınarak doküman incelemesi ve ki-kare testi ile analiz edilmiştir. İncelenen sorular, Doğu Karadeniz bölgesindeki çeşitli okullardaki matematik dersi sınavlarında sorulan toplam 939 sorudan oluşmaktadır. Bu sorulardan 260 tanesi (% 27,7 6. sınıf, 327 tanesi (% 34,8 7. sınıf, 352 tanesi (% 37,5 ise 8. sınıf matematik dersi yazılı sınav sorularıdır. Elde edilen bulgulara göre öğretmenlerin matematik dersi sınavlarında kullandıkları her 3

  14. Buddhist values as a potential economic determinant in the development of Tuvan society

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    Inna S. Tarbastaeva

    2018-06-01

    Full Text Available The article actualizes the study of the influence of Buddhist values on the socio-economic development of Tuvan society. Research on economic success in contemporary world has supported the link between Buddhism and economy. After the spread of Buddhism in the West in the middle of the 20th century, ancient knowledge and practices became available to the urbanized population. Foreign researchers drew attention to their actual potential when conducting financial and industrial activities. Among Western economists, the cornerstone of the idea was laid by E. Schumacher, who published "Small is fine: an economy in which people matter" (1973. Among Asian researchers, an important contribution was made by a Thai monk and philosopher P. Paiotto. As these and other studies show, Buddhism does not encourage poverty, nor call for a rejection of material wealth. It is incorrect to interpret it as an ascetic religion. Buddhist texts contain direct indications concerning the way of earning money and the meaning of well-being. Modern teachers also give advice to laypeople about economic activity. Although in Buddhism practitioners strive, first of all, for spiritual goals —such as liberation from suffering or achieving Buddhahood, laymen are included in social life and have to provide for themselves and their family, which the religious teaching has to account for. Buddhists believe that wealth cannot bring true happiness. Therefore, for a practicing layman, achieving a high level of material well-being is not a life goal. The article presents a summary of the conclusions contemporary economists, psychologists and neurobiologists arrive at, confirming that the empirical correlation between the increase in incomes and happiness is insignificant. Some examples of how Buddhist values help entrepreneurs are also provided. For instance, as a result of faith in the law of karma, there is a greater degree of honesty in business interaction, and a long

  15. COSO MODELİ: İÇ KONTROL YAPISI - COSO MODEL: INTERNAL CONTROL STRUCTURE

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    Hasan TÜREDİ

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Özetİktisadi ve teknolojik gelişmeler; zaman içinde çok sayıda faaliyetin çok sayıda kişi ve uzun süreçlerleyürütüldüğü, hiyerarşik örgütsel düzenlerin sürekli geliştiği, karmaşık işletme yapılarının ortaya çıkmasınaneden olmuştur. Bunun sonucunda işletmelerin faaliyetleri basit kontrol yöntemleriyle izlenemeyecek halegelmiştir. Amerika’da beş bağımsız meslek kuruluşundan oluşan COSO (The Committe of SponsoringOrganizations, iç kontrolün işletmelerde standartlaşan bir yapı hale gelmesinde öncülük etmiştir. COSOiç kontrol modeli; iç kontrol ortamı, risk değerlendirmesi, kontrol faaliyetleri, bilgi ve iletişim ile izlemefaaliyetlerinden oluşan; işletme faaliyetlerinin etkinliği ve verimliliği, mali raporların güvenilirliği veyürürlükteki kanun ve düzenlemelerle uyum amaçları etrafında şekillenmiş çok boyutlu bir yapıdır.İç kontrol yapısının başlıca hedefleri; faaliyetlerin etkinlik ve verimliliği, karlılık hedefine ulaşmak vevarlıkların korunması, kamuya açıklanan mali tablolar, geçici ve özet mali raporları da dâhil olmak üzerehazırlanan tüm mali tabloların güvenilirliğinin sağlanması ve tabi olunan kanun ve düzenlemelerle uyumunsağlanmasıdır. Bu çalışmada; COSO’nun iç kontrol yapısına ilişkin geliştirdiği model ve bu modelin beşbileşeni olan kontrol ortamı, risk değerlendirmesi, kontrol faaliyetleri, bilgi ve iletişim ile izleme faaliyetleriaracılığı ile bu bileşenlerin hem işletme hedefleri hem de işletme yapısı içindeki etkileşimi açıklanmayaçalışılmıştır.AbstractDevelopments in economy and technology have caused enterprises to have sophisticated structuresaffected by developing hierarchical structuring along with the significant number of activities performed via significant number of process and individuals. COSO (The Committee of Sponsoring Organizationshas established a common internal control

  16. Bibliographic Data Towards the Semantic Web: A Review of Key Issues and Recent Experiences = Bibliyografik Verilerin İşlenmesinde Yenilikçi Yaklaşımlar: Semantik Web’e Doğru

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    Solodovnik, Iryna

    2012-01-01

    alışmaları oluşturma, bibliyografik veri tabanı yönetimine özgü yeni yaklaşımlardır. Aynı şekilde, dijital içeriğin düzenlenmesinde gittikçe karmaşıklaşan ortamlara ihtiyaç duyulması, metaveri modellemesinde yeni çığırlar açmaktadır. Bu çalışmanın temel amacı, dijital enformasyon ve veri yönetimindekiyeni kuramsal ve pratik kullanımı olan paradigmalardan okuru haberdar etmek ve özellikle de Semantik Web kapsamındaki bibliyografik verilere odaklanmaktır.

  17. ALIŞVERİŞ MERKEZLERİNİN MARKA KİŞİLİKLERİNİN KARŞILAŞTIRILMASI, İSTANBUL İLİNDE BİR UYGULAMA-COMPARISION on BRAND PERSONALITY of SHOPPINGCENTERS, A PRACTISE in ISTANBUL CITY

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    Şakir ERDEM

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Perakendecilik sektöründe yer alan Galleria ve Akmerkez alışveriş merkezleri marka kişiliklerinin karşılaştırılmasını yapmak ve tüketicilerin alışveriş merkezi tercihlerinde alışveriş merkezlerine atfettiği kişilik boyutlarını ve özelliklerini ortaya çıkarılabilmek amacıyla J. Aaker’ın 1997’de geliştirdiği beş ana marka kişiliği boyutu ve bu boyutların altında toplanan kişilik özellikleri temel alınmıştır. Marka kişiliğine ilişkin literatür taraması yapılmış; araştırma yöntemi olarak nitel araştırma ve nicel araştırma yöntemlerinin birleşmesinden meydana gelen karma araştırma yaklaşımı benimsenmiştir. Nitel veri toplanma araçlarından olan odak grup görüşmesinden faydalanılarak, nicel araştırmanın anketlerinin oluşturulmasında yararlı olabilecek bilgiler ve nicel araştırma örneklem yapısı ve yöntemine ışık tutan bilgiler elde edilmesi sağlanmıştır.  Nicel araştırmada veri toplama aracı olarak anket yöntemi uygulanmış, analiz yapılmaya uygun 272 adet anket elde edilmiştir. Anket sonuçları SPSS programı yardımıyla kodlanmış, verilerin frekans ve yüzde dağılımları verilerek faktör analizleri, güvenirlik analizleri ve T-testi yapılmıştır.  Araştırma sonucunda, alışveriş merkezi sektöründe marka kişiliğine dair dört boyut elde edilebilmiş; elde edilen dört boyut Galeria ve Akmerkez alışveriş merkezleri arasında karşılaştırılmıştır.- The present research aims to compare brand personalities of Galeria and Akmerkez shopping centers and to examine the brand personality traits and dimensions that consumers refer on shopping centers preferences. Research based on J. Aaker’s five dimensions of brand personality and the traits. We looked over the literature of brand personality. This research included pluralistic methodology: First, focus groups method was used to take qualitative research’s survey, sampling

  18. REFLECTIONS OF “-MIŞ BULUNMAK” STRUCTURES “-MIŞ BULUNMAK” YAPISI ÜZERİNE

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    Fatma Sibel BAYRAKTAR

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The abundance of the Turkish Language, its power of expression emerges more distinctively day by das as the researches incline to more capillary questions.The “-mış bulun-” structure has not been studied in most grammar books except from some limited evidences which mention it as paired with the “-mış ol-” structure that takes place in “priority verbs” subheading under the “complex verbs” category, expressing shortly that “-mış bulun-” implies a more sharp meaning than “-mış ol-”.This structure, as bears an absoluteness impliying voice in the written literature, has never been considered as having a regret meaning -mostly in the spoken language-also.We will question the regret expression meaning “if only wouldn’t be” in the “-mış bulun-” structure in this study. Türkçenin zenginliği, ifade kabiliyetinin yüksekliği, Türkçe ile ilgili yapılan araştırmaların gitgide daha kılcal meselelere eğilmesiyle günden güne daha açık olarak ortaya çıkmaktadır. Gramer kitaplarının çoğunda hiç bahsi geçmeyen, sınırlı çalışmada da “karmaşık fiiller” (complex verb grubu içinde yer alan “öncelik fiilleri” alt başlığında ele alınan “-mış ol- yapısı ile eşleştirilmiş olan “-mış bulun-” yapısı: “-mış ol-“ yapısının anlamından daha keskin bir ifade taşır” şeklinde kısaca verilmektedir. Bu yapı, yazı dilinde bahsedildiği gibi “kesinlik” ifadesi taşırken -daha çok konuşma dilinde olmak kaydıyla- bir pişmanlık ifadesi de taşıdığının üzerinde durulmamıştır.Biz bu çalışmamızda “-mış bulun-“ yapısındaki “keşke olmasaydı” anlamına gelen pişmanlık anlam yüklemesi üzerinde duracağız.

  19. Teknokent’lerde Geliştirilen Yazılım Projelerinin Risk Analizi ve Başarı Düzeyleri

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    M.Hanefi CALP

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Günlük hayatın hemen her alanında ihtiyaç duyulan yazılım projeleri her geçen gün daha fazla büyümekte ve daha çok önem arz etmektedir. Bununla birlikte, büyüyen bu yazılımlar beraberinde daha karmaşık bir yapıyı doğurmaktadır. Bu bağlamda, sözkonusu yazılım projelerinin analiz ve kontrol süreci, ayrıca başarı düzeyleri merak edilmektedir. Dolayısıyla bu çalışmada, geliştirilen anket formlarında bulunan kontrol listeleri aracılığıyla, Teknokent’lerde geliştirilen yazılım projelerinde karşılaşılan risk faktörlerini belirlemek, analiz etmek ve bu projelerin başarı düzeylerini ortaya koymak amaçlanmıştır. Bu amaçla, gerekli olan veriler toplanmış, yazılım risk faktörleri belirlenmiş ve sözkonusu faktörler analiz edilmiştir. Araştırma kapsamında elde edilen verilerin analizi için betimsel analiz yönteminden yararlanılmış olup, Microsoft Excel 2010 ve IBM SPSS Statistics 21.0 programları kullanılmıştır. Ayrıca, çalışmada analiz sonuçlarına ve geliştirilen yazılımların başarı düzeylerine ayrıntılı bir şekilde yer verilmiştir. Elde edilen sonuçlar içerisinde özellikle; proje süresi, bütçesi, personel sayısı ve hedeflerdeki sapmalara rağmen Teknokent’lerde geliştirilen yazılım projelerinin yaklaşık %95’inin başarıyla sonuçlandırılmış ve müşteriye teslim edilmiş olması dikkat çekmektedir.Anahtar Kelimeler: Yazılım, Risk faktörleri, Risk analizi, Proje başarısı

  20. OMNeT++ BENZETİM ARACI KULLANILARAK MOBİL IPV6 KATMAN-2 HÜCRE GEÇİŞİ BAŞARIMININ ANALİZİ

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    Gürcan ÇETİN

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Bir Mobil Düğüm (Mobile Node - MN aktif iletişimi sürdürürken pürüzsüz bir hücre geçişi sağlamak Mobil IP sürüm 6 (MIPv6 için en önemli etkenlerden birisidir. Pürüzsüz bir hücre geçişi, MIPv6 protokolünde açıkça tanımlanan hareketliliğin tespit edilmesi, yeni bir adresin yapılandırılması ve bağlama güncellemesi işlemleri sırasındaki gecikme sürelerinin azaltılması ya da sonlandırılması ile gerçekleştirilebilir. Ancak, MIPv6 hücre geçişi süreci Katman2 (Layer2- L2 ve Katman-3 (Layer 3 – L3 işlemleri nedeniyle oldukça karmaşıktır ve bu dezavantaj özellikle makro hareketlilikte ve gerçek zamanlı iletişimde performansta önemli derecede azalmaya neden olur. L3 hücre geçişi MIPv6 hücre geçişinin en önemli faktörüdür çünkü toplam hücre geçişi gecikmesinin büyük bir bölümü bu aşamada meydana gelir. Diğer taraftan, L2 hücre geçişişi L3 hücre geçişine göre çok daha az kayıp ile sonuçlanır. Ancak, L2 hücre geçişi üzerine yapılan çalışmalar da literatürde önemli yer tutmaktadır. Çünkü L2 hücre geçişi sırasında gerçekleşen olaylar L3 hücre geçişini önceden tetikleyebilmektedir. Bu sayede, pürüzsüz hücre geçişi teknikleri bu şekilde gerçekleştirilmektedir. L2 yaklaşımı L3 tabanlı çözümlere göre çok daha hızlıdır. Buna rağmen bu yöntemlerde L2 hücre geçişi gecikmesi kadar sınırlıdırlar. Bu makalede, biz MIPv6 hücre geçişindeki L2 gecikmelerini OMNeT++ benzetim ortamını kullanarak analiz ettik. Bu analizler, L2 hücre geçişi gecikmelerinin bileşenlerini ayrı ayrı gösterecektir

  1. SECIS IN THE TEZKIRE OF LATÎFÎ AND CHARACTERISTICS OF SENTENCES LATÎFÎ TEZKİRESİ’NDE SECİLER VE TÜMCE ÖZELLİKLERİ

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    İbrahim TOSUN

    2012-01-01

    ımından eşit dağılımlar göstermemekte, Zâtî ile ilgili kısımda 22 seci bulunduğu halde; Sinan Paşa’nın anlatıldığı metinde sadece 7 seciye rastlanmaktadır. Anlatımında genellikle karmaşık, sıralı, birleşik tümceleri tercih eden Latîfî, söylemek istediklerini doğru tasarlayıp planlayarak, sağlam bir kompozisyon içinde, eksiksiz vermeye özen göstermiş, devrik yapılı tümceler kullanmamıştır. Bütün tümcelerinin kurallı olması ve söylenmek isteneni net olarak ifade etmesi onun, titiz, planlı ve sağlam üslûbunun bir sonucudur.

  2. İşitme Engelli Çocukların Konuşma Edinimi Eğitiminde Dinleme Becerilerinin Önemi

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    M. Cem GİRGİN

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Konuşma kabaca, konuşma organlarının düzenli devinimleri sonucu üretilen, anlamlı organize ses dizgeleri olarak tanımlanabilir. Dinleme ise çevreden duyulan sesleri tanıma ve özellikle konuşma seslerinin anlamlandırılmasıdır. Konuşma, insana özgü iletişim biçimleri içinde en çok kullanılan yöntemlerden biridir. Bunun yanı sıra dinleme bebeklerin anadillerini ve onun konuşma boyutunun ediniminde önemli rol oynamaktadır. Bebekler doğdukları andan itibaren çevrelerindeki sesleri algılamaya ve konuşma seslerini ayırt edebilmeye programlanmışlardır. Ancak karmaşık konuşma seslerini ve dilin kurallarını sorunsuz edinebilmeleri için dinleme becerilerinin de etkin bir biçimde gelişmesi gerekmektedir. Günümüz teknolojisi, işitme kalıntısının doğru kullanımı ve doğru eğitim yaşantıları sağlanması sonucu, işitme engelli çocukların da işiten çocuklara benzer bir biçimde anadillerini edinmelerine yardımcı olan işitme araçları geliştirmiştir. Ancak dil edinimini ve bilgi dağarcıklarını geliştirebilmek için, işiten çocuklarda bile önem taşıyan dinleme ve konuşma etkinlikleri, işitme engelli çocuklar için ise hayati bir önem taşımaktadır. Bu çalışmada dinleme becerilerinin konuşma ve dil edinimine olan önemli katkıları, bilgi edinmedeki önemi üzerinde durularak dinleme ve konuşma becerilerinin özellikle işitme engelli çocuklara kazandırılmasını kolaylaştıracak etkinlikler tartışılacaktır. Speech can be simply defined as the meaningful organization of sound sequences produced as the result of synchronized movements of speech organs. Listening can be defined as the recognition of sound heard around us and especially making sense of speech sounds. Speech is one of the most common communication tools peculiar to human beings. Speech and listening plays an important role in the acquisition of mother tongue by babies. Babies are programmed to sense

  3. Lise Öğrencilerinde Okulu Bırakma Eğilimi ve Nedenleri / Dropout Tendency among High School Students and its Reasons

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    Hüseyin ŞİMŞEK

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Bu araştırmanın amacı, Güneydoğu Anadolu Bölgesindeki lise öğrencilerinin okulu bırakma eğilimlerini belirlemek ve okulu bırakma eğilimine etki eden faktörleri saptamaktır. Araştırmaya Güneydoğu Anadolu Bölgesinde yer alan sekiz il merkezinde toplam 54 lisede farklı sınıflarda okuyun ve seçkisiz olarak belirlenen 1106 öğrenci katılmıştır. Araştırma verileri araştırmacı tarafından hazırlanan bir anketle toplanmıştır. Verilerin analizinde değişkenlere bağlı olarak frekans ve yüzdeler dikkate alınmış, anlamlı farklılık aranan durumlarda, kay kare tekniğinden yararlanılmıştır. Araştırma bulguları, okulu bırakma eğiliminin başta kişisel özellikler olmak üzere, aile özellikleri, eğitim sistemi, okul ve öğretmen gibi çeşitli değişkenlerin etkilediği karmaşık bir süreç sonunda gerçekleştiğini göstermiştir. Elde edilen bulgulara göre Güneydoğu Anadolu Bölgesindeki lise öğrencilerinin % 17’si şimdi ya da geçmişte okul bırakmayı düşündüğünü belirtmiştir. Okulu bırakma eğilimi en fazla lise 3. sınıfta görülmektedir. Kız öğrencilerde erkek öğrencilere oranla okulu bırakma eğilimi belirgin biçimde düşüktür. Çok çocuklu ailelerden gelen lise öğrencilerinin okulu bırakma eğilimleri az çocuklu aileden gelenlere oranla daha yüksektir. Öğretmenden ve okuldan memnuniyet oranı azaldıkça okulu bırakma olasılığı belirgin biçimde artmaktadır.

  4. THE AESTHETICS, RELIGIOSITY, AND RESPONSE OF THE READERS OF GEGURITAN SUCITA

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    I Wayan Suka Yasa

    2012-11-01

    , manggala is finally known asthe center text of GS.GS narration is developed according to aguron-guron rule‘having the teacher from spiritual and nyastra tradition. From matrix aguronguron,it is proposed two plots in paradox one: k?ma and tirtayatra. Plot sourceof k?ma is narrated by the existence of Sang Sucita. On the other hand, plot sourceof tirtayatra is narrated by the existence of Sang Subudi. K?ma (desire and dilemma. Its message, if someone wish to succeed in reaching life objective, thetwo obstacles must firstly be defeated through learning process of mulat sarira byyoga : bhakti-karma-jnana- and yoga. After completion of narrating plot source oftirtayatra, it is also narrated k?ma which is developed into ahangkara. For thisreason, it is presented bad figure I Pataka to spread disaster which is in contrastwith the common rule of geguritan literature. GS narration can be understood asreading model according to narrative structure rule of k?vya. In every part ofstructure called sandhi is expressed rasa. There are nine rasa that can be enjoyedin GS. The nine rasa is inter-related and function collectively to strength the mainrasa of GS, namely s?nta rasa.Discourse of GS is established structurally like a diamond necklace: acarasusila-tatwa-yoga by narrating religious concept of syncretism idea of Siwa-Buddha. The philosophic thought is the three big schools of Hindu: dwaitawisisth?dwaita-adwaita. The source text is having a discourse of declarativeimperativeobjective. The hypogram is much read in term of searching and then tobee expanded. It can finally be said that GS is a literature of Hindu that fulfills therequisite of mah?k?vya in the domain of Sekar Alit bali.

  5. SATIŞ LİDERİ’NİN DURUMSAL YAKLAŞIM TEMELİNDE KENDİNİ DEĞERLENDİRME ÖLÇEĞİ-SALES LEADER’S SELF-ASSESSMENT MEASUREMENT BASED ON SITUATIONAL APPROACH

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    Mehmet ALİKİŞİOĞLU

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Liderlik ve satış liderliği kavramı ve psikolog sosyolog pazarlama ve satış ve yönetim alanında çalışana bilim insanları tarafından uzun zamandan beri üzerinde durulan bir konudur. Bu alanda yapılan çalışmalara baktığımızda 1920’li yılların başından beri liderliğin ne olduğuna açıklık getirmeye çalışan birçok çalışmaya rastlarız. Bu alanda yapılan araştırmalarla liderlik konusundaki karmaşıklıklar, açıklık kazanmaya başlamıştır. Aynı durum satış yönetimi alanında da görülmektedir.. Bir satış liderinin yaptığı davranışının diğer satış elemanlarını etkileme gücü lider ile yakından ilgilidir. Burada önerilen ölçeğin açıklanmasına dönük çalışmamızın amacı: Satış liderinin olası durumsal tutumlarıyla ilgilidir. Çalışmamızda satış liderinin yapabileceği dört ayrı temel davranış tercihi belirlenmiştir. Bunlar: Söyleme, bizzat yapma, katılma ve yetkilendirmedir. Satış liderinin, dört ayrı davranışı ile ilgili ölçekte, on altı farklı durumda liderin tercihlerine bağlı olarak, kendi kendini nasıl değerlendirebileceğini açıklanmaya çalışılmıştır.-The concept of leadership and sales leadership has been taken great attention by academicians. In the process of time, leadership can be simply defined and basically described as the act of making particular impact on the sales team. Very likely, in sales management, a sales leader has some effect on salesmen. The sales leader’s behavior is also related to what type of perception is taken by sales-force. The main point of this study summarizes the development of the leader behavior assessment profile, which measures sales leadership styles in terms of telling, selling, participating and delegating. In the measurement, sixteen situations examined, so that a sales leader can make an assessment about his own leadership by self-monitoring.

  6. Prehistoric human colonization of India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Misra, V N

    2001-11-01

    the Ganga valley. The location of the Mahabharata epic, which is set in the beginning of the first millennium B.C., is the Indo-Gangetic divide and the upper Ganga-Yamuna doab (land between two rivers). Iron technology enabled pioneering farmers to clear the dense and tangled forests of the middle and lower Ganga plains. The focus of development now shifted further eastward to eastern Uttar Pradesh and western Bihar which witnessed the events of the Ramayana epic and rise of the first political entities known as Mahajanapadas as also of Buddhism and Jainism. The second phase of urbanization of India, marked by trade, coinage, script and birth of the first Indian empire, namely Magadha, with its capital at Pataliputra (modern Patna) also took place in this region in the sixth century B.C. The imposition by Brahmin priests of the concepts of racial and ritual purity, pollution, restrictions on sharing of food, endogamy, anuloma (male of upper caste eligible to marry a female of lower caste) and pratiloma (female of upper caste ineligible to marry a male of lower caste) forms of marriage, karma (reaping the fruits of the actions of previous life in the present life), rebirth, varnashrama dharma (four stages of the expected hundred-year life span) and the sixteen sanskaras (ceremonies) on traditional occupational groups led to the birth of the caste system - a unique Indian phenomenon. As a consequence of the expansion of agriculture and loss of forests and wildlife, stone age hunter-gatherers were forced to assimilate themselves into larger agriculture-based rural and urban societies. However, some of them resisted this new economic mode. To this day they have persisted with their atavistic lifestyle, but have had to supplement their resources by producing craft items or providing entertainment to the rural population.

  7. Diminishing the Undesirable Effects of the Computer Games with the Kinect Sensors

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    Ömür Akdemir

    2015-04-01

    ını oynamalarının etkileri karşılaştırılmıştır. Araştırma sorularını cevaplamak için karma araştırma deseni kullanılmıştır. Oyun motivasyon ölçeği, bireysel kas aktivite bildirim şekli ve yapılandırılmış görüşme soruları veri toplama aracı olarak kullanılmıştır. t-testin yanında, nitel ve nicel verilerin betimsel değerlendirmeleri yapılmıştır. Elde edilen bulgulara Kinect sensör ile oyun oynamanın bireylerin motivasyonunu ve kas aktivitesini artırdığını ortaya koymuştur. Ayrıca, Kinect sensörü ile oyun oynayan bireylerin oyunlara karşı fikirleri değişmiştir. İleride yapılacak olan araştırmalar Kinect sensör kullanımının bilgisayar oyunlarını oynayanların üzerindeki motivasyon ve duygusal etkilerinin korelasyonunu incelemelidir. Anahtar Sözcükler: Kinect, bilgisayar oyunları, motivasyon ölçeği, fiziksel aktivite

  8. Yoga en la India antigua

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    María Teresa Román López

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available Las orientaciones precisas de la religión hindú para desarrollar las capacidades del hombre se hallan bajo el nombre de Yoga. El yoga es un conjunto de técnicas de dominio de sí mismo y meditación, que en el hinduismo adopta distintas modalidades; se puede hablar del yoga hindú, budista, jainista, etc. En sentido más restringido, el término se refiere a una de las seis escuelas ortodoxas de la filosofía india. Asimismo, se designa con la palabra yoga toda instrucción o disciplina encaminada hacia la liberación. Existen en el hinduismo numerosas denominaciones para las diferentes sendas del yoga. Las más conocidas en Occidente son: bhakti-yoga o «yoga de la correcta actitud religiosa»; rája-yoga o «yoga del desarrollo de la conciencia»; karma-yoga o «yoga de las acciones correctas»; jñána-yoga o «yoga del conocimiento» y hatha-yoga o «yoga del poder sobre el cuerpo». La doctrina clásica sobre el yoga está recogida en los Yoga-Sütra de Patañjali. A partir de una cierta época el sistema Yoga fue combinado eclécticamente con el sistema Samkhya.The precise orientations of the Hindú religión to develop men abilities are under the ñame of Yoga. The yoga is a join of techniques of meditation and self-domination, in which Hinduism have different modalities; it can be talk about Hindú yoga, Buddhist yoga, janist yoga, etc.. In a more restricted way, the word refers to one of the six orthodox schools of the Indian philosophy. It's desing, as well, with the word yoga, every instruction or discipline direct to liberation. There are so many denominations in Hinduism for the different yoga ways. The most known in Occident are bhakti-yoga or «yoga of the ríght religious actitude»; rája-yoga or «yoga of the conscience develop»; Karmayoga or «yoga of the corred action», jñána-yogsa or «yoga of the knowledge» and hatha-yoga or «yoga of ttie power on tlie body». The classic yoga doctrine is collect in the yoga

  9. COSO MODELİ: İÇ KONTROL YAPISI - COSO MODEL: INTERNAL CONTROL STRUCTURE

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    Hasan TÜREDİ

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Özetİktisadi ve teknolojik gelişmeler; zaman içinde çok sayıda faaliyetin çok sayıda kişi ve uzun süreçlerleyürütüldüğü, hiyerarşik örgütsel düzenlerin sürekli geliştiği, karmaşık işletme yapılarının ortaya çıkmasınaneden olmuştur. Bunun sonucunda işletmelerin faaliyetleri basit kontrol yöntemleriyle izlenemeyecek halegelmiştir. Amerika’da beş bağımsız meslek kuruluşundan oluşan COSO (The Committe of SponsoringOrganizations, iç kontrolün işletmelerde standartlaşan bir yapı hale gelmesinde öncülük etmiştir. COSOiç kontrol modeli; iç kontrol ortamı, risk değerlendirmesi, kontrol faaliyetleri, bilgi ve iletişim ile izlemefaaliyetlerinden oluşan; işletme faaliyetlerinin etkinliği ve verimliliği, mali raporların güvenilirliği veyürürlükteki kanun ve düzenlemelerle uyum amaçları etrafında şekillenmiş çok boyutlu bir yapıdır.İç kontrol yapısının başlıca hedefleri; faaliyetlerin etkinlik ve verimliliği, karlılık hedefine ulaşmak vevarlıkların korunması, kamuya açıklanan mali tablolar, geçici ve özet mali raporları da dâhil olmak üzerehazırlanan tüm mali tabloların güvenilirliğinin sağlanması ve tabi olunan kanun ve düzenlemelerle uyumunsağlanmasıdır. Bu çalışmada; COSO’nun iç kontrol yapısına ilişkin geliştirdiği model ve bu modelin beşbileşeni olan kontrol ortamı, risk değerlendirmesi, kontrol faaliyetleri, bilgi ve iletişim ile izleme faaliyetleriaracılığı ile bu bileşenlerin hem işletme hedefleri hem de işletme yapısı içindeki etkileşimi açıklanmayaçalışılmıştır.AbstractDevelopments in economy and technology have caused enterprises to have sophisticated structuresaffected by developing hierarchical structuring along with the significant number of activities performed via significant number of process and individuals. COSO (The Committee of Sponsoring Organizationshas established a common internal control

  10. İnteraktif ve Web Tabanlı Genetik Algoritma Eğitim Yazılımı

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    Ali Hakan IŞIK

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Genetik algoritma optimizasyon problemlerinin çözümünde sıklıkla tercih edilen yapay zeka algoritmalarından biridir. Doğadaki canlıların evrimsel sürecinden esinlenerek geliştirilen genetik algoritma, karmaşık yapısından dolayı anlaşılması zor bir çalışma mekanizmasına sahiptir. Bu zorluğun üstesinden gelebilmek için genetik algoritmanın öğretilmesini destekleyici yazılımlar geliştirilmesi büyük öneme sahiptir. Bu çalışmada, genetik algoritma temellerinin ve çalışma prensiplerinin etkileşimli ve kolay bir şekilde öğretilmesi amacıyla interaktif ve web tabanlı genetik algoritma eğitim yazılımı geliştirilmiştir. Yazılımın ASP.NET MVC platformunda uyumlu (responsive yapıda olması ile literatürde ilk defa farklı tarayıcı boyutlarına sahip masaüstü, dizüstü, tablet ve cep telefonlarından yazılıma erişebilmesi ve kullanılabilmesi sağlanmıştır. Yazılımın sahip olduğu ders içerikleri, uygulamalar ve genetik algoritma arayüzler sayesinde etkili ve verimli bir öğrenme gerçekleşmesine katkı sağlanmıştır. Çalışmada, hiçbir kodlama bilgisi gerekmeden genetik algoritma parametreleri gerçek zamanlı olarak değiştirilebilmekte ve sonuçlar grafiksel çıktılar ile gözlenebilmektedir. Böylece genetik algoritma çalışma mekanizmasının kolay bir şekilde öğrenilmesine olanak sağlanmaktadır. Literatürdeki diğer çalışmalar ile karşılaştırıldığında sunulan çalışma, kolaylık, erişilebilirlik ve görsellik özellikleri ile de yenilik getirmektedir.

  11. Milli Kütüphane 2727 Numaralı Mecmû’a’da Kayıtlı Manzum Bir Melheme A Melheme Written In Verse Registered In The Periodical No:2727 In The National Library

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    Mustafa ALKAN

    2012-12-01

    slam sonrası edebiyatımızda fal ile ilgili eserler görülmektedir.İnsanın geleceğe dair merakını gidermek için kullandığı olaylardan bazıları da Ay veya Güneş tutulması, yeni ay görünmesi, yıldız kayması, şiddetli yağmur veya dolu yağması ya da rüzgâr esmesi, gök kuşağı, şimşek, yıldırım ve deprem gibi bir takım tabiat olaylarıdır. Başka bir deyişle merak hissi, insana tabiat olaylarını kullandırarak gelecekten haber verme konusunda farklı bir yöntem oluşturtmuştur ki buna “melheme” adı verilmektedir. Arap, Fars ve Türk edebiyatında birçok örneği bulunan melhemeler, eski eserlerimiz arasında önemli bir yekün oluşturmaktadır.Bu melhemelerden biri de Milli Kütüphane 2727 numaralı mecmûada kayıtlı olan manzum bir metindir. Bu metinde ayın hangi burçta olduğunu çıkarma yöntemi ile ayın bulunduğu burca göre yapılması uygun olan ya da olmayan işler anlatılmıştır.İlgili metni konu alan bu çalışmamızda fal ve melhemelerle ilgili bilgi verildikten sonra adı geçen mecmuada kayıtlı bu manzum metin incelenmiş, transkribe edilmiş, ayrıca metinde geçen kelimeleri içeren bir sözlük de yazıya eklenmiştir.

  12. Mütoloogilisest mõtlemisest kahe-jalaga-maa-peal-seletustes. On mythological thinking in the representation of the concept two-feet-on-the-ground

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    Mari-Liis Madisson

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available This article focuses on the simultaneous co-existence of mythological and descriptive thinking in common sense discourse. Specifically, it concentrates on the synthesis of types of thought in those understandings that are characterized by the well-known expression having (one’s two-feet-on-the-ground. In order to provide concreteness for the meaning of the expression, I investigated Estonian cyberspace as one of the most prevalent arenas of common sense discourse, and it appeared that two-feet-on-the-ground is used to refer to rationality, sanity and practicality as opposed to, for example, dreamers, bohemians and people who talk about karma or believe in UFOs. People who use having (one’s two-feet-on-the-ground as a key element in their self-description assume that the way they understand the world is more rational and closer to reality than that of bohemians and spiritualists. Behind the above-mentioned two notions, which in themselves are not easy to define, there is a gleam of a more general tendency of Western thought. This is the conclusion reached by Rein Vihalemm, who has argued that what is accepted as truthful knowledge on the level of common sense is usually understood as being synonymous with scientific knowledge; in turn, the notion of the scientific is usually connected with inductive-empirical science. This article argues that the understandings that are posited as having two-feet-on-the-ground are mixed with categories that cannot be considered as belonging to inductive-empirical logic. The question of values, metaphysics and teleology is always (at least implicitly present in those representations. That idea seems to be natural in academic discourse but is not as self-evident on the common-sense level. Those who describe themselves as standing with their two-feet-on-the-ground usually think of metaphysics and teleology as being subjective, useless and distant. In describing the specificity of the logic of two

  13. Etno-Dinsel Bir Topluluk Olan Ezidilerin Batman ve Çevresindeki Son Yerleşim Yerleri ve Nüfusları Üzerine On Final Settlement Places and Population of Ezidis, an Ethno-Religious Community, in Batman and nearby Vicinity

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    Muammer ULUTÜRK

    2013-07-01

    lçesine bağlı bazı köylerde sayıca az Ezidi bulunmaktadır. Batman kent merkezinde, Beşiri ilçe merkezinde ve Beşiri’nin köylerinde yaşayan Ezidi nüfusu her geçen gün azalmakta olup toplam nüfus 2012 yılı sonu itibarıyla 140 civarındadır. Batman kent merkezindeki nüfus ise tam olarak tespit edilememekle birlikte 3-5 Ezidi ailenin kaldığı tahmin edilmektedir. 2012 yılı içerisinde bu çalışma kapsamında ziyaret edebildiğimiz Beşiri ve bazı köylerinde yaşayan Ezidiler 1980’li yıllardan itibaren yaşadıkları bir takım siyasi, ekonomik ve dini sorunlar sebebiyle özellikle Avrupa ülkelerine ve Kuzey Irak’a göç etmişlerdir. 1990 yılı başlarından itibaren hızlanan bu göç hareketi halen devam etmektedir. Başta Almanya olmak üzere İsveç, İsviçre, Hollanda ve Danimarka gibi Avrupa ülkelerine yapılan göç yüzünden, Batman ve çevresindeki Ezidi nüfusu yok olma durumuyla karşı karşıya gelmiştir.Bu çalışma, yurt dışından bir geri dönüş hareketi olmaması halinde gelecek yıllarda nüfus bakımından sıfır noktasına ineceğini düşündüğümüz Ezidilerin Batman’daki son durumlarını, son yerleşim yerleri ile birlikte nüfuslarını ortaya çıkarma amacındadır. Araştırma yapılırken güvenlik sebebiyle bazı Ezidi köylerine gidilebilmiş, görüşme isteğimizi kabul eden ancak isimlerinin açıklanmasını istemeyen Ezidilerin bilgilerine başvurulmuştur.

  14. Konut Transformasyonu Bağlamında Lefke’deki CMC Evlerinin Zaman İçerisindeki Dönüşümü / The Gradual Transformation of CMC Houses in Lefke within the Context of Housing Transformation

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    Çağla Beyaz

    2017-06-01

    artlarına, ihtiyaca, siyasete, çevresel faktörlere, iklime, coğrafyaya, kültürel etkenlere göre form değiştirdiği yapılan araştırmalarda görülmektedir. Tüm bu etkenlerin ışığında, Lefke Bölgesi, CMC evleri özelinde uygun tekniklerle yapılan alan çalışmasından elde edilen verilerin biraraya getirilmesiyle, konutların dönüşümü ortaya konmuştur. Yapılan alan çalışması için, her kategoriden birer örnek ele alınarak analizi yapılmış, zaman içerisindeki dönüşümü ve bu dönüşümlere etki eden çevresel faktörler tespit edilmiştir. Alan çalışması kapsamında, tüm bu verilerin toplanması için gerekli olan görüşmeler, fotoğraf çekimleri, rölöve çıkarma ve arşiv araştırma teknikleri kullanılmıştır. Çalışmanın genelinden elde edilen sonuçta; Endüstri Devrimi’nin etkisiyle oluşan hızlı gelişme ile birlikte dini, kültürel, ekonomik, siyasal ve mimari gibi koşullar farklı biçim ve değerlerle şekillenmiştir. Bu şekillenen koşullarla birlikte, dünyada gözlemlenen ve kentleri etkileyen değişim ve dönüşümler Kıbrıs Adası’nı da etkilemiştir. Lefke Bölgesi’nde, CMC’nin kurulmasıyla birlikte buna paralel dört kategoriden oluşan ve ilk kez teraslı olarak üretilen konutların ve onların yakın çevrelerinin, bölgeye olan olumlu ve olumsuz etkileri oldukça dikkat çeker. Bu konutların, günümüze gelene kadar olan dönüşümleri buna etki eden faktörler tespit edilerek sonuçlandırılmıştır.

  15. AN ANALYSIS ESSAY ON THE STORY “YATIK EMİNE” BY THE NARRATOR OF COUNTRY STORIES, REFİK HALİT KARAY MEMLEKET HİKÂYECİSİ REFİK HALİT KARAY’IN “YATIK EMİNE” ADLI HİKÂYESİ ÜZERİNE BİR TAHLİL DENEMESİ

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    Arif ÖZGEN

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Refik Halit Karay (1888-1965 has a quite important place in Turkish storytelling. Narrator gains this importance by working on Anatolian people’s psychology, way of living and standing against the life, and all together possibilities and impossibilities of the geography of Anatolia in his stories with an effective ability of observation. He reflects the land and its people in-depth that he became acquainted with in Sinop, Corum, Ankara and Bilecik, where he travelled through during his exile (1913-1918, in his piece of work “Memleket Hikayeleri”, and he becomes one of the pioneers on taking Turkish storytelling out of Istanbul. The narrator includes Anatolia, which has not found enough place in our storytelling except for a few stories till those years, into his stories with a unique wording and pure Turkish as well as a different sound and point of view. The aim of this paper is to analyze the story Yatık Emine, which takes place in the aforementioned piece of work “Memleket Hikayeleri” and characterizes the narrators literary understanding significantly, under three main headlines: “Content of the Story”, “Structure of the Story” and “Language, Narration Styles and Wording of the Story”. Refik Halit Karay (1888-1965 Türk hikâyeciliğinde oldukça önemli bir yere sahiptir. Yazar bu önemi, Anadolu insanının psikolojisini, yaşayışını ve hayat karşısındaki duruşunu, tüm bunlarla birlikte Anadolu coğrafyasının imkân ve imkânsızlıklarını hikâyelerinde etkili bir gözlem gücü ile işlemiş olmasıyla kazanır. Sürgün yılları (1913-1918 sırasında gezdiği Sinop, Çorum, Ankara ve Bilecik’te tanıdığı coğrafyayı ve bu coğrafyanın insanlarını “Memleket Hikâyeleri” adlı eserinde derinlemesine yansıtır, Türk hikâyeciliğini İstanbul dışına çıkarma konusundaki öncülerden biri olur. Yazar, o yıllara kadar birkaç hikâyenin dışında hikâyeciliğimizde yeteri kadar yer

  16. Peyami Safa’nın Yalnızız Romanında Kadın ve Aileye Batılılaşma Ekseninden Bakış Overview Of Westernization Axis To Woman And Family In The Novel Of Peyami Safa’s Yalnızız

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    Sümeyye Dinler KÖKSAL

    2013-03-01

    edebiyat dönemi edebî eserler bakımından verimli bir dönemdir. Zira Batılılaşma ile büyük ölçüde değişime uğrayan sosyal yapıda ele alınacak çokça mesele ortaya çıkmıştır. Böylece Batılılaşma, dönemin birçok edebî eserinde temel konuyu teşkil etmiş olur. Toplumun büyük kesiminde yaşanan bu sosyal değişime kayıtsız kalmayan edebî şahsiyetler, Batılılaşmayı her yönüyle sık sık işlemişlerdir. Özellikle roman türünde Peyami Safa’nın Batı’yı ve Batılılaşmayı işleyen eserler verdiğini görürüz. Toplumsal yapıyı oluşturan unsurları Batılılaşma ekseninde titizlikle ele alan Peyami Safa’nın, kadın ve aileyi bu yöndeki değişimine daha çok eğildiği dikkat çekmektedir. Kadının genel karakteri ve Batılılaşma serüveninde oynadığı rol üzerine kafa yoran Peyami Safa, eserlerinde kadınları özenle işler ve onlara önemli vazifeler yükler. Ailenin temel yapısı ve Batılılaşmadan etkilenme oranı üzerine de tespitlerde bulunan Peyami Safa’nın eserleri bu dönem adına önemli belgeler olarak kabul edilebilir. Bu çalışmada Peyami Safa’nın Yalnızız romanında, kadınların ve aile yapısının, Batılılaşma ile nasıl bir değişime uğradığını tespit etmeye çalıştık. Bu eserde kadın ve ailenin Batılılaşma ile nasıl bir değişime uğradığının örneklerini öne çıkarma fırsatını bulmuş olduk.

  17. FROM EPIC TO MODERN POETRY: “THE LEGEND OF KÖROĞLU” BY İLHAN BERK EPİKTEN MODERN ŞİİRE: İLHAN BERK’İN “KÖROĞLU DESTANI”

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    Mustafa KURT

    2011-12-01

    , language and narrative of Köroğlu and toreveal the textual unity in which these qualities are given. Türk edebiyatında halk edebiyatı ürünlerini ve halk kültürüne aitdeğerleri yeniden ele alıp yorumlama gayretleri Tanzimat döneminde bazıbireysel girişimlerle başlar; ancak bu eğilimlerin sistematik bir yönelişhâline gelmesi 1910’lardan itibaren Ziya Gökalp çevresinde gelişen fikrîve edebî faaliyetle sağlanır. Cumhuriyet’in ilk yıllarından itibaren “millîkimlik” oluşturma gayreti çevresinde; halk masalları, destanları, şiiri vekültürünü kaynak olarak benimseyen ve yeni edebî metinler üreten pekçok şair ve yazar, sözü edilen dönemde eserler verir. 1930’lardan sonrahalk anlatıları, halk şiiri ve halk edebiyatı ürünlerine yönelişle başlayanbu süreç, 1940’lardan sonra giderek artar ve bu eğilim edebiyatı besleyenönemli kaynaklardan biri hâline gelir. İlhan Berk’in 1955 yılındayayımlanan “Köroğlu” adlı kitabı ise zihniyet, yapı, tema ve anlatımdagösterdiği özellikler ile bu dönemde yazılan pek çok metinden farklı biranlayışla okur karşısına çıkar. Toplumcu bir dünya görüşü çerçevesinde,W. Whitman kaynaklı uzun dize yapısı ile kurulan bu metin, Stoacı doğaanlayışı ve dünya tasarımına yaslanarak Köroğlu hikâyesini çağdaş biryorum ve söyleyişle yeniden kurar. Berk’in Köroğlu’su, o dönemdeyeniden yazılan çok sayıdaki Köroğlu metninden farklı olarak “insan-doğaözdeşleşmesi” merkezinde Köroğlu’nun savaşçı kişiliğinden ziyadeKöroğlu hikâyesinde evrensel bir nitelik kazanan insani değerleri öneçıkarmasıyla farklı bir bakış açısının ürünüdür. Bu makalede modernedebiyat–halk edebiyatı birikimi arasındaki ilişki kısaca özetlendiktensonra, Berk’in adı geçen kitabında ortaya koyduğu sonraki şiirlerindehâkim olacak fenomonolojik bir ilgiyle nesneleri ve doğayı ele alma tarzıişlenmektedir. Ayrıca K

  18. A Research on the Use of Problem Based Learning Approach: Teaching of Probability Sample [Probleme Dayalı Öğrenme Yaklaşımının Kullanımına Yönelik Bir Araştırma: Olasılık Konularının Öğretimi Örneği

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    Murat Duran

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to reveal the variation in the perception of middle grade students for problem-based learning components in teaching process of probability topics and determine the attitudes of the students. The study makes use of the explanatory pattern of the mixed method, which enables using qualitative and quantitative data together. The sample of the study was composed of 32 students, selected by simple random sampling method, studying 8th grade of a middle state school in the fall semester of 2013-2014 academic terms in the province of Kars. Quantitave data of the study are tutor evaluation scale and learner’s self-evaluation scale developed by Dokuz Eylul University School of Medicine (2002 and scale of mathematical gains in problem-based learning developed by Biber (2012. Qualitative data of the study are tutor evaluation form, self-evaluation form and the form of evaluation of activity process developed by Eski (2011 and the scenarios developed by researchers. The quantitative data analysis of the study makes use of friedman test, wilcoxon signed rank test, one-way analysis of variance and dependent sample t-test. Qualitative data was analysed using descriptive analysis technique. Quantitative results of the study indicate significant change in learners’ evaluation towards themselves, to the tutor and the learning process. Qualitative results showed that the learners abandoned negative thoughts toward the class and achieved learning goals. [Bu araştırmanın amacı, olasılık konularının öğretimi sürecinde probleme dayalı öğrenme bileşenlerine yönelik öğrenci algılarındaki farklılaşmayı ortaya çıkarmak ve öğrenci görüşlerini belirlemektir. Araştırmada nicel ve nitel verileri bir arada kullanma imkânı veren karma yöntemin açıklayıcı deseni kullanılmıştır. Araştırmanın örneklemi 2013-2014 öğretim yılı güz döneminde Kars ilindeki bir devlet okulunun ortaokul 8.sınıfında

  19. Examination of Services Provided for the Hearing Impaired in Republic of Kosovo: From Diagnosis to Education

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    Murat Doğan

    2016-04-01

    şitme Engelli Çocuklara Yönelik Düzenlemelerin İncelenmesiÖzBağımsızlığını 2008’de tek taraflı ilan etmesinin ardından Kosova Cumhuriyeti diğer tüm alanlarda olduğu gibi eğitim alanında da yeniden yapılanma sürecine girmiştir. Bunun bir yansıması olarak Kosova Cumhuriyeti Eğitim Bakanlığı ile Anadolu Üniversitesi arasında yapılan bir protokol çerçevesinde gerçekleştirilen bu araştırmanın amacı, Kosova’daki işitme engelli çocukların tanı, değerlendirme ve eğitimlerine yönelik düzenlemelerin incelenmesi yoluyla sorun ve gereksinimlerin ortaya konmasıdır. Karma yöntem araştırmalarından eşzamanlı çeşitleme deseniyle ve toplam 92 katılımcıyla yürütülen çalışmada Kosova’daki işitme engelli çocukların ailelerine (n = 34, öğretmenlerine (n = 28 ve sağlık personeline (n = 20 anket uygulanmış, ayrıca bir grup aile (n = 4 ve öğretmenle (n = 6 yarı-yapılandırılmış görüşme gerçekleştirilmiştir. Nicel bir araç olan anket ve nitel bir teknik olan yarı-yapılandırılmış görüşmelerin betimsel analizi iki temel alanda ciddi sorunlara işaret etmiştir: (a tanı, değerlendirme ve müdahale ve (b eğitimsel düzenlemeler. İlk grupta öne çıkan sorunlar işitme kaybının tanılanması, değerlendirilmesi, çocuğun cihazlandırılması, tanı sonrası aileye destek hizmetleri ve okul öncesi eğitim alanlarında belirgin yoksunluk ya da yetersizliklerdir. İkinci gruptaki sorunlar ise ailelerin istediği iletişim yaklaşımı ile okullarda kullanılanın örtüşmemesi, öğretmen sayı ve niteliğinin, eğitim ortamındaki fiziksel düzenlemelerin, öğretim planlanması ve uygulanmasının ve kaynaştırma uygulamalarının ciddi derecede sorgulanabilir olmasıdır. Araştırma, anılan problem alanlarında ciddi yapısal düzenlemelerin acil olarak gerçekleştirilmesi gerektiğini açık biçimde ortaya koymuştur. Anahtar Sözcükler: İşitme engelli çocuklar, Kosova

  20. Tatar Nesrinde Olumlu Kahramanlar Positive Heroes In The Tatar Prose

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    Ramilya YARULLİNA YILDIRIM

    2013-07-01

    ının işlenmesi bunun açık bir kanıtıdır. Son yıllar edebi eleştiri kaynaklarında daima “olumlu kahraman”, “ibretli kahraman”, “bizim dönem kahramanı”, “maskeli kahraman”, “mücadeleci kahraman” gibi düşüncelerle karşılaşmaktayız. Özgürlük cereyanı tesirinde kalan yeni edebiyatın tema ve tarz bakımından zenginleşmesinden, psikolojizmin ilerlemesinden, lirik ve eleştirel eserlerin yaygınlaşmasından dolayı kahraman konseptinin karmaşıklaştığını ve olumlu kahramanın Sovyet Edebiyatındaki itirazsız kahraman taleplerine uymadığını görürüz. Bunlara rağmen, bazı yazarlar kendi eserlerinde hayat ideali seviyesinde olmasa da, büyük bir terbiye gücüne sahip olan olumlu kahramanlar yaratmak için çaba göstermektedirler.Bu makalede D.Zahidullina, A.Helim, G.Gıylmanov, F.bBeyremova gibi son yıllardaki Tatar edebiyatı uzmanlarının olumlu kahraman yaratma prensipleri, düşünceleri ve tecrübeleriyle ilgili tartışmaları üzerinde durulacaktır. Eski edebiyattan itibaren 1980’li yılların sonuna kadarki edebiyat gözden geçirilerek, her tarihi dönemin özelliklerini ve o dönem edebiyat bilimi taleplerini taşıyan olumlu kahraman örnekleri verilmektedir. Son yıllar Tatar edebiyatından F.Safin, M.Malikova, A.Helim ve F.Yarullin nesirleri örneğinde okur için emsal olan ve olumlu kahraman seviyesinde tasvir edilen kahramanların özellikleri tespit edilmekte ve onlar sayesinde yazarların hayat hakkındaki düşünceleri ve gelecekle ilgili idealleri açıklanmaktadır.

  1. Derin Anlatı Yapısı Olarak Romanın Var Olma Kaygısı ve “Suskunlar”ı Görünür Kılma Çabası Effort For Making “Suskunlar” Vivace And Visible With The Concern Of Existing As Deep Narrative Structure

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    Salim DURUKOĞLU

    2013-07-01

    ncelikle yazar için okunmaya değer kurmaca bir metin inşa etmenin sonrasında ise okur için bu türevden metinleri okumanın muazzam bir imgesel inşa uğraşı gerektirdiğini söyleyen Elaine Scarry; zihnimizde resimler yaratma biçimlerinin kaydını tuttuğu “Kitapla Hayal Etmek” adlı çalışmasında, yazınsal metinlerin okurun “zihinsel retina”sında canlanabilmesinin yolunun, sinematografik gerçekliğe fotokopi sadakati ile tutunmaktan geçtiğini, uzun, derin ve ayrıntılı bilgi ve örnekler üzerinden açıklar. İngiliz edebiyatı profesörü olan yazarı böyle bir kitabı yazmaya iten temel kaygı ise, özü hayal gücümüze yaslanan kitapla bağları gittikçe zayıflayan hatta kopan; bilgisayar, sinema ve tiyatro gibi görselliğe dayalı araçlar ve sanatlar üzerinden yaşamını biçimlendiren insanların gittikçe hayal etme / imgelem yeteneklerini kaybedecekleri öngörüsüdür.Ülkemizde pek bilinmeyen ya da edebiyat incelemeleri için pek kullanılmayan bu kitap, ele aldığı konuyu, hayal ettirme ögelerini; Resim Oluşturma, Canlılık, Katılık, Talimatın Yeri, Çiçekleri Hayal Etmek, Işık Yakma, Seyreltme, Ekleme ve Çıkarma, Germe, Katlama, Eğme, Çiçekli Varsayım, Çemberler Çizmek, Patenle Kaymak, Çiçeklerle Hızlanmak vb. başlıklar altında incelemektedir. Gerçek hayattan yahut sinema ve tiyatro türü örneklerden ödünçlenerek kurmaca dünyaya eklemlenmeye çalışan canlılık, destan çağından bugüne, şiirden romana hemen her edebi türün hem varlık nedeni hem var olma biçimidir. Makalemiz edebiyat incelemelerine yeni bir soluk ve bakış açısı getirecek ve bu türden çalışmalarda örneksendiğini nerdeyse hiç görmediğimiz bu kitabın teklif ve telkinlerinin, İhsan Oktay Anar’ın Suskunlar romanına uygulanması ile ortaya çıkan bir denemedir. Bu deneme, yazınsal düzlemde kitabın tanıtımını yaparken aynı zamanda, içerikle, edebi eserdeki görüntü seviyelerini de eşleştirmektedir.

  2. THE RESPONSIBILITY FOR PREVENTING AND DETECTING ACCOUNTING FRAUDS FROM THE VIEWPOINT OF SELF-REGULATORY AGENCIES IN TURKEY: DE JURE STATUS AND DE FACTO APPLICATION

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    Canol KANDEMİR

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available TÜRKİYE’DE DÜZENLEYİCİ KURULUŞLAR AÇISINDAN MUHASEBE HİLELERİNİN ÖNLENMESİ VE ORTAYA ÇIKARILMASI SORUMLULUĞU: HUKUKÎ DURUM VE FİİLÎ UYGULAMAÖzet: Düzenleyici kuruluşların yaklaşımı ve uygulamaları muhasebe hilelerinin önlenmesi ve ortaya çıkarılması sorumluluğunun kapsamının açıklığa kavuşturulmasına yardımcı olabilmektedir. Bu kuruluşların kamunun büyük bir çoğunluğunu adîl ve yansız bir şekilde temsil edeceği varsayılmaktadır. Ayrıca aldıkları kararlar ve karar alma mantıkları hem araştırmacılara, hem de finansal bilgi kullanıcılarına olası hile şüphelileri, bu kuruluşların sorumlulardan özellikle önlemesi ve ortaya çıkarmasını istedikleri hile yöntemleri, hilelerin cezaî yönleri, hilelerin önlenmesi ve ortaya çıkarılmasında temel sorumluluklar ve denetim beklenti boşluğu konularında önemli ipuçları verebilmektedir. Yine bunlar ilgili standart, yasa ve diğer düzenlemelerin oluşturulması ve uygulanmasında önemli etki sahibi olmaktadır. Bu nedenle, bağımsız denetimle ilgili faktörleri de kapsayan bir dizi değişken ile muhasebe hileleri arasında istatistiksel olarak anlamlı bir ilişki olup olmadığını sınayan bir çalışma yapılmış ve sonuç olarak Türkiye’deki düzenleyici kuruluşun muhasebe hilelerinin önlenmesi ve ortaya çıkarılması sorumluluğunu aynı tarafa, müşteri işletme ve yönetimine yüklediği bulunmuştur. Araştırmanın bulguları Türkiye’de bir denetim-beklenti boşluğu olmadığına da işaret etmektedir.THE RESPONSIBILITY FOR PREVENTING AND DETECTING ACCOUNTING FRAUDS FROM THE VIEWPOINT OF SELF-REGULATORY AGENCIES IN TURKEY: DE JURE STATUS AND DE FACTO APPLICATIONAbstract: Self-regulatory agencies’ way of understanding and practices can help clarify the scope of the responsibility for preventing and detecting frauds. They are assumed to represent a vast majority of the public in an unbiased and

  3. Abdülhak Hamit Tarhan’ın Kürsî-i İstiğrâk Şiirine Estetik Bir Bakış An Overview Of Aesthetic Abdulhak Hamit Tarhan Kürsî-i İstiğrâk Poem

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    Ulaş BİNGÖL

    2013-07-01

    bir forma sahip olduğunu ileri sürer. Ölçü, müzikalite ve ahenk gibi şiir sanatının unsurlarını tabiattan alımlar. Tabiatın sanat yönünü keşfeden Hamit, geniş bir alanda söz söyleme olanağı yakaladığı gibi medeniyetten kaçmak için sığınacak bir yer de keşfeder. Kürsî-i İstiğrâk şiirinde, Tanrı ile tabiat bütünleşmiştir. Alımlayıcı özne ise bu bütünleşmeye dâhil olmak istemektedir; fakat vatan hasreti ve ruhunun derinliklerindeki sıkıntılar önünde bir engel teşkil eder. Bir sanat eserinin estetik çözümlemesi; estetik obje, estetik nesne, estetik algı, estetik değer ve yargı çerçevesinde yapılır. Malzemesi dil olan edebi ürünlerin tahlili diğer sanat eserlerinin estetik çözümlemesine göre daha karmaşık ve zahmetli bir iştir. Metni vücuda getiren dehanın psikolojik durumunun bilinmesi, metnin dokusuna sinmiş felsefi düşüncelerin tespit edilmesi ve en önemlisi metin ile estetik disiplin arasındaki bağlantıların kurulması şarttır. Bu çalışmanın amacı, Abdülhak Hamit’in Kürsî-i İstiğrâk şiirini estetik açıdan değerlendirmektir.

  4. Divan Şairinin Sessiz ve Gizli Anlatımı: Muvaşşah The Secret and Silent Expression of Divan Poet: Muvaşşah

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    Hakan YEKBAŞ

    2012-09-01

    bu unsurların şiire kazandırdığı yeni anlamların tespiti çok önemlidir. Birçok divan şairi, şiirlerinde, sesler ve harfler yoluyla gizli bir dil oluşturmak amacıyla değişik yollara başvurmuşlardır. Bu bakımdan harflerin şekil yönünden olduğu kadar muhteva bakımından da pek çok hususiyet kazandığını ve bu yolla çeşitli edebî sanatların oluşturulduğunu görmekteyiz. Bazen harflerin simgesel değerlerinden faydalanma bazen de harflerin yardımıyla kelime ve kavramlar oluşturma gayesi güden bu farklı denemeler, çizgi dışı olarak nitelendirebileceğimiz uygulamalardır. Bu yüzden diğer edebî sanatlara göre edebiyatımızda örneklerine az rastlanan bu tür uygulamalar, belagata dahil edilen hünerler arasında gösterilmiştir. Edebiyatımızda; harflerin cinslerine, birleşme veya okunuş şekillerine dayalı bu tarz hünerlerden biri de muvaşşah olarak adlandırılan ve daha çok görselliğe dayalı olan yöntemdir. Muvaşşahın günümüzde akrostiş şeklinde ifade edilmesinden dolayı sadece mısra başlarındaki harflerden isim çıkarma sanatı olarak algılandığı malumdur. Halbuki divan şiirindeki muvaşşah örneklerinde sadece mısraların ilk harflerinden değil mısranın ortasında ve sonunda yer alan harflerden de faydalanılmıştır. Şairlerimizin, muvaşşah yoluyla unvan, duâ ifadesi hatta bazen bir mısra veya beyit meydana getirdikleri gibi bu hüneri tarih düşürmede de kullandıkları görülmektedir. Bu bakımdan muvaşşahların farklı muhtevalara sahip olduğunu ifade etmeliyiz. Çalışmamızda bilinen örneklerin dışındaki muvaşşahlardan hareketle bu sanatın farklı hususiyetlerine yer verilmiştir. Kaside, gazel, müseddes, kıt‘a, mesnevî, müstezad gibi değişik nazım şekilleriyle söylenmiş olan muvaşşahlar, bizlere divan şairinin kullandığı gizli dili ve sessiz anlatımı gösterecektir.

  5. Postmodern Roman’da Anlatıcı, Zaman ve Mekân Yapısı Narrator, Time and Space Structure of Postmodern Novel

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    Gamze ÖZOT

    2012-09-01

    are given to reader and it is -expected from the reader to create rest of it in the mind. The space socalled“hyper space” by postmodernists is variable in postmodernnovels; it can not demonstrate a clear stance. Metinlerarasılık ve üstkurmaca tekniklerinin sıkça kullanıldığı, modern romanlardakinin aksine özneye değil de söylemin kendisine odaklanan, tarihi gerçeklerle kurguyu iç içe vererek tarihten yararlanan postmodern roman sıra dışı kurgusuyla dikkatleri üzerine çekmeyi başarır. Postmodern romanda anlatıcı, mekân ve zaman yapıları modern roman ve yansıtmacı romana göre ilginç farklılıklar gösterir. Postmodern romanın yazarı çoğul anlatıcı tekniğiyle okuru şaşırtırken, “hyper mekân” yapısının değişkenliği ve bir arada verilmiş farklı zaman dilimlerinin yapısıyla okuyucuyu alışık olmadığı bir âlemin içinde tek başına bırakır. Postmodern romanda anlatıcı oldukça etkin bir rol üstlenir. Figüratif kadronun önemli bir elemanı olabileceği gibi kurgunun yazılım aşamasına müdahale etmesi de söz konusudur. Sık sık fikir beyan eder ve adeta romanı yönlendirir. Postmodern romanın anlatıcısı bu yönüyle okuyucuyu peşinden sürükler, meraklandırır ve kimi zaman da gülümsetir. Postmodern romanlarda çizgisel, kronolojik zaman kullanımının çoğunlukla kırılmaya çalışıldığı gözlemlenir. “Şimdi”nin, anında aktarmanın belirgin bir şekilde öne çıktığı postmodern romanlarda zaman klasik ve modern tarzdaki romanlara oranla önemsizleştirilmiştir. Zamana ait birimler, yani nesnel zaman -gün, ay, yıl...- postmodern romanlarda ya karmaşıklaştırılır ya kronolojisi altüst edilerek kullanılır ya da üstü örtük, belirsiz bir şekilde verilir. Bununla birlikte postmodern romanda, metnin yazılış zamanı ile kurgunun zamanı koşut kılınabilir. Daha somut bir ifadeyle metnin yazılma süreci, okuyucunun o anda elinde tuttuğu romanın ana

  6. THE GHOST OF THE HOUSE OF SILENCE: A DEFICIENT ENLIGHTENMENT PROJECT SESSİZ EV’İN HAYALETİ: GÜDÜK BİR AYDINLANMA PROJESİ

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    Seyit Battal UĞURLU

    2009-12-01

    criticism about the Turkish cultural history’s positivist thinking line, by means of the mentioned novel, problematizes the relationship between the intellectuals and the society. In this article, by focusing on Selahattin Darvınoğlu character’s intellectual profile who elapses from the Constitutional Monarchy to early Republican Period, in the novel The House of Silence; an analytical analysis is done about encyclopedia, positivism, social engineering and their socio-cultural consequences. Orhan Pamuk’un (d.1954 ikinci romanı Sessiz Ev’de (1983 anlatılan üç kuşaktan ilkinde yer alan Doktor Selahattin Darvınoğlu, Tanzimat döneminde Türk kültür ve düşünce tarihine giren pozitivist düşünceyi temsil eden, aşırı uçlarda gezinen ansiklopedist ve atipik bir aydındır. Eşi Fatma Hanım’ın anılarıyla aktarılan Darvınoğlu, gün yüzüne çıkamayan bir ansiklopedi projesi aracılığıyla, toplum mühendisliği rolünü üstlenmiş ancak bu hedefinde başarısızlığa uğramışlığıyla, Meşrutiyet ve erken Cumhuriyet dönemi pozitivist Türk aydınının bir damarını da temsil eder. Doktor Selahattin’den kalan miras da, kendini adadığı işin kısırlığını vurgulayan sembolik anlamla yüklü öğeler üzerinden açımlanır: Yaşamının son dönemlerini yaşamakta olan karısı, Selahattin’in bilimci baskısına ve ihanetine maruz kalmış, evliliğini yaşayamamıştır. Hizmetçisiyle ilişkisinden doğan iki oğlu, karısı tarafından sakat bırakılmış ve romanın anlatı zamanında bedensel açıdan yetersiz, dolayısıyla idealini sürdürme ehliyetine haiz olmayan ve nesep açısından da sorunlu iki evlattır. 12 Eylül dönemine denk düşen ve karşıt uçlar arasındaki çatışmaların sürdüğü karmaşa ortamını anlatan romanda, Selahattin Bey’in torunlarının, eşi Fatma Hanım’ın yaşadığı kasabada geçen bir haftalık zamanı anlatılmaktadır. Pamuk’un politik ve kültürel ya

  7. Tahsin Ömer’in “Darb-I Mesellerimiz Hakkında Tahlili Tedkikat” Adlı Atasözleri Seçkisi A Selection of Proverbs from Tahsin Ömer’s “Darb-ı Mesellerimiz Hakkında Tahlili Tedkikat”

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    Abdulmuttalip İPEK

    2012-09-01

    foreword. Atasözleri ve deyimler, toplumların uzun süren gözlem, deneyim ve yaşantılarına dayandığından; ait oldukları toplumun yaşama biçiminden düşünce yapısına, değer yargılarından ahlâk anlayışına varıncaya kadar çok değişik konuları içerirler. Bu nedenle bir milletin bütün kültür ve değerler dünyasının özü mesabesinde olan kalıplaşmış sözlerdir. İletişim esnasında kısa, kestirme ve etkili bir anlatımı mümkün kılan atasözleri, aynı zamanda bir milletin felsefesini de yansıtır. Bu bakımdan bu söz varlıklarının bilinmesi ve yaşatılması hayatî önem arz etmektedir. Türk dilinin bilinen en eski sözlüğü olan Divânü Lügati’t-Türk’ten günümüze değin bu söz varlıklarını yaşatma ve kayıt altına alma amacına yönelik önemli sözlükler kaleme alınmıştır. Bunların her biri Türk dili ve kültürü açısından birbirinden değerli kaynaklardır. Bu makalede, yapılan taramalar ve araştırmalar neticesinde, bugüne kadar –bir iki yazı dışında– varlığından söz edilmemiş bir atasözü seçkisi üzerinde durulacaktır. 1337-1340 (M. 1921 yıllarında İstanbul Şehzâdebaşı’ndaki Evkâf Matbaası’nda basılan ve Tahsin Ömer tarafından kaleme alınmış olan “Darb-ı Mesellerimiz Hakkında Tahlîlî Tedkîkât” adlı risalenin, Toronto Üniversitesi Kütüphanesi’nde PN 6505 T8 035 numarada kayıtlı, eski harfli matbu nüshası kısa bir değerlendirme ilave edilerek yeni yazıya çevrilmiştir. Tahsin Ömer’in iki buçuk sayfalık mukaddimede belirttiği üzere bu eser, memleketimizde kullanılan beş bine yakın darbımeselin birer birer tetkiki neticesinde toplanan iki yüze yakın sözün, sahip olduğu manalar itibariyle ayrı ayrı kadrolar halinde tasnif edilip, halkın çeşitli dersler çıkarması ve ibret alması amacıyla kaleme alınmış 16 sayfalık bir risaledir. Pek hacimli olmayan bu risalenin en dikkate değer tarafı müellifinin darb

  8. FOREWORD: Heterogenous nucleation and microstructure formation—a scale- and system-bridging approach Heterogenous nucleation and microstructure formation—a scale- and system-bridging approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Emmerich, H.

    2009-11-01

    : Springer) [2] Mutaftschiev B 1993 Handbook on Crystal Growth ed D T J Hurle (Amsterdam: North-Holland) p 187 [3] Lacmann R and Schmidt P 1977 Current Topics in Materials Science ed E Kaldis and H J Scheel (Amsterdam: North-Holland) vol 2, pp 301-25 [4] Skripov V P 1977 Current Topics in Materials Scierce ed by E Kaldis and H J Scheel (Amsterdam: North-Holland) 327-78 [5] Chayen N E 1997 J. Appl. Crystallogr. 30 198 [6] Cho J and Thompson C V 1989 Appl. Phys. Lett. 54 2577 [7] Boettinger W J, Coriell S R, Greer A L, Karma A, Kurz W, Rappaz M, and Trivedi R 2000 Acta mater. 48 43 [8] www.spp1296.rwth-aachen.de [9] Volmer M and Weber A 1926 Z. Phys. Chemie. 119 227 [10] Becker R and Döring W 1935 Ann. Phys. 24 719 [11] Turnbull D and Fisher J C 1949 J. Chem. Phys. 17 71 [12] Oxtoby D W 1992 J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 4 7627 [13] Gránásy L and Iglói F 1997 J. Chem. Phys. 107 3634 [14] Gránásy L, Börzsönyi T, Pusztai T 2003 Interface and Transport Dynamics ed H Emmerich, B Nestler and M Schreckenberg (Berlin: Springer) p 190 [15] Emmerich H and Siquieri R 2005 Numerical Heat Transfer ed A Nowack and R A Bialecki [16] Gránásy L 1993 J. Non-Cryst. Solids 162 301 Dragnevski K I, Cochrane R F and Mullis A 2004 Mat. Sci. Eng. A 375-377 479 [17] Sood A K 1991 Solid State Physics 45 1

  9. Türk Sözlükbiliminin Problemleri The Problems Of Turkish Lexicography

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    Andreas Tietze

    2012-12-01

    -figures, slang and regional dialects.In the second main topic, when Tietze order the problems whichemerge in lexicography, firstly he deals with the problem ofsubsumpiton. According to him when dictionary writer writes hisdictionary which materials enter or keep out the dictionary is a veryserious problem. For example he should dismiss the meanings, entriesand thousands of items which actually din not exist in Turkish with theinclusion of outdated, suggested but in a short time disappering andprobable materials which come from old culture tradition. Further, the author longly examines the problems of alphabet and spelling and problems of explanation and definition. Yazar Türk Sözlükbiliminin problemlerini; Dilin kendine ait problemler ve sözlükbiliminde ortaya çıkan problemler olmak üzere iki ana başlık altında inceler. Birinci problem üzerinde epeyce geniş durur. Bunu toplam altı alt başlıkta uzun uzun irdeler.Yazar, dilin kendine ait problemlerini incelemeye geçmeden önce uzunca bir giriş yapar. Bu bölümde; sözlük yazarının çalışmasına başlamadan bir dizi prensip kararlarını almak zorunda olduğunu belirtir. Sonra Türkçe terimine açıklamaya girişir ve Türkçenin son 1000 yıldır geçirdiği serüveni kısaca özetler. Bu arada daha sonra uzun uzun işleyeceği sorunlara temas eder. Bütün bunların sözlük yazarının işini güçleştiren problemler olduğunu belirtir.Tietze, önce “dilin adı” konusuna açıklık getirir ve buradaki karmaşaya dikkat çeker. Bundan dolayı sözlük yazarının - hali hazırda dilin adlandırılmasında- çıkmaza girdiğini ve kendisinin bir neticeye ulaşmak zorunda olduğunu söyler. İkinci olarak Türkçeyle tarihsel bağlantısı olan lehçelerin (Çağatay, Azeri, Türkmen vd. cazip sözvarlığının ne olacağıdır? Üçüncü konu ise sözlük yazarının sözlüğünü oluştururken tarihsel olarak ne kadar geri gideceği ve sözlük malzemesinin ne kadar eski olacağıdır. D

  10. PREFACE: Classical density functional theory methods in soft and hard matter Classical density functional theory methods in soft and hard matter

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haataja, Mikko; Gránásy, László; Löwen, Hartmut

    2010-08-01

    [10] Wu K-A and Karma A 2007 Phys. Rev. B 76 184107 [11] Elder K R, Provatas N, Berry J, Stefanovic P and Grant M 2007 Phys. Rev. B 75 064107 [12] Berry J, Elder K R and Grant M 2008 Phys. Rev. E 77 061506 [13] Huang Z-F and Elder K R 2008 Phys. Rev. Lett. 101 158701 [14] Wu K-A and Voorhees P W 2009 Phys. Rev. B 80 125408 [15] Stefanovic P, Haataja M and Provatas N 2009 Phys. Rev. E 80 046107 [16] Tegze G, Gránásy L, Tóth G I, Podmaniczky F, Jaatinen A, Ala-Nissial T and Pusztai T 2009 Phys. Rev. Lett. 103 035702 [17] Jaatinen A and Ala-Nissila T 2010 Extended phase diagram of the three-dimensional phase field crystal model J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 22 205402 [18] Tóth G I, Tegze G, Pusztai T, Tóth G and Gránásy L 2010 Polymorphism, crystal nucleation and growth in the phase-field crystal model in 2D and 3D J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 22 364101 [19] Wu K-A, Plapp M and Voorhees P 2010 Controlling crystal symmetries in phase-field crystal models J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 22 364102 [20] Elder K R and Huang Z-F 2010 A phase field crystal study of epitaxial island formation on nanomembranes J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 22 364103 [21] Backofen R and Voigt A 2010 A phase-field-crystal approach to critical nuclei J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 22 364104 [22] Löwen H 2010 A phase-field-crystal model for liquid crystals J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 22 364105 [23] Harrowell P 2010 On the existence of a structural instability in sub-critical crystalline fluctuations in a supercooled liquid J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 22 364106 [24] Hansen-Goos H and Mecke K 2010 Tensorial density functional theory for non-spherical hard-body fluids J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 22 364107 [25] Denton A R 2010 Poisson-Boltzmann theory of charged colloids: limits of the cell model for salty suspensions J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 22 364108 [26] Rauscher M 2010 DDFT for Brownian particles and hydrodynamics J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 22 364109 [27] Marini Bettolo Marconi U and Melchionna S 2010 Dynamic density

  11. Nostalgic Paradigm in Classical Sociology and Longing for Golden Age in Islamism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    İrfan Kaya

    2017-12-01

    zetleyebileceğimiz tarihin bir çöküş ve yitirme olarak görülmesidir. Bu çöküş gelecekte şiddetlenerek devam edeceğinden, tarih bir keder ve umutsuzluk tarihidir. Toplum kuramında böylesi bir keder duygusunun örneği, Weber’in yazgı sosyolojisidir. Çünkü Weber’e göre gelecekte bizi bekleyen yazın aydınlığı değil, buzlu karanlığın kutup gecesidir. Nostaljik paradigmanın ikinci bileşeni, sekülerleşme süreciyle birlikte artık bütünlüğün ve ahlaki kesinliğin yitirildiği duygusudur. Bu nostaljik izlek, toplumsal yapıda yaşanan farklılaşma ve karmaşıklık, bilimsel bilginin yayılması, artan nüfus oranıyla birlikte şehirleşme, kapitalist sanayileşme, gündelik hayatın rasyonelleşmesi gibi büyük çaplı, bir o kadar yıkıcı toplumsal süreçler her şeyi kaplayan kutsal değerler kubbesini zayıflattığına vurgu yapan çok güçlü bir sekülerleşme kuramını öne çıkarır. Süreç Tanrının ölümünün ilanıyla birlikte birbiriyle rekabet eden ve çatışan bir dünyanın kapısını aralamış, bu kapıdan Weber’in deyişiyle çok tanrılı bir dünyaya geçiş yapılmıştır. Benzer bir bakış açısını klasik sosyolojide toplumsal yapıların mesleki ayrımlaşma yoluyla dönüşümünü mekanik ve organik dayanışma şeklinde kuramsal bir temele oturtan Durkheim’de gözlemlemek mümkündür. Durkheim toplumsal değişimi ikircikli bir yapıyla analiz eder ve değişim öncesi evreye ahlaki tutarlılığı yakıştırır. Ortaklaşa bilincin genel olarak zayıfladığı değişim sonrası evrede ise ahlaki bütünlük artık yitirilmiştir.  Nostaljik paradigmada karşılaştığımız üçüncü izlek, bireysel özerkliğin yitirilmesi ve sahici toplumsal ilişkilerin çökmesidir. Ahlaki birliğin yitirilmesiyle birey, bürokratik devlet tahakkümü altında, makro-toplumsal süreçlere ve kurumlara yakalanmıştır. Özerkliğini yitiren bireyin denetime tabi olması kaçınılmazdır. Bireyin toplumsal b

  12. Editörden Veda

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    Serpil Salaçin

    2000-04-01

    ündemi belirlendi. Gündem; Adli Tıp Uzmanları Derneği’nin bir yayın organı çıkarması tartışılacaktı. Görevler üstlenildi. Bir hummalı çalışmadır sürdü.... Kelimelere aktarırken basitleşiyor. Oysa saat sınırı olmayan, küçük tartışma oturumlarıydı onlar. Beyin fırtınaları yapılıyordu. Nerede mi toplanıyorduk? Çoğunlukla Şebnem’in evinde. Kim bilir kaç hafta sonu Cumaıtesi-Pazar boyunca sürüp giden masa başı çalışmalar idi. Dergi şekillenmeye başlamıştı. Yayına kabul şartlan, danışma kurulu üyeleri ve yazarlarla iletişimde kullanılacak formların oluşturulması, yayınlanacak makalenin basım formatı, danışma kurulunun oluşturulması.. Bir dizi şimdi kolay gibi gelen işlerdi çabalanan. Katkıda bulunması yararlı olacak arkadaş sayısı da artmıştı. Artık evde toplanamayacaktık. Toplantıları İstanbul Tıp Fakültesi Adli Tıp Anabilim Dalının toplantı salonuna aldık. Nedense o yıl hava çok soğuktu. Hafta sonu olduğundan ısıtma sistemi de çalışmıyordu. Tartışmalar, kararlar ve yine tartışmalar sonunda kayıttan basıma sorumluluk paylaşımı ve iş akışı yapıldı. Danışma kuruluna davet yazıları yazıldı. Kabuller gelmeye başlamıştı. Derginin ilk sayı çalışmaları sürüyordu. İlk dergi örneği çıktığındaki heyecanımızı ben aktaramam. Ama orada olup bu heyecanı paylaşanlar anımsayacaklardır. Çok hoş bir sevinç ve sürekliliğini sağlamak adına çok ciddi sorumluktu. Hep ileriye yönelik strateji üretmeye çabalamaktı. Bunlar okunurken ya da ben yazarken çok romantik bir üslup gibi görünebilir. Ama o günden beri bu derginin yaşamasına gereksinim olduğuna inanan çok özverili çalışan bir grup arkadaşımızın yapmayı sürdürdüğü çalışmalar, fizik alt yapı ve finans kaynağı yönünden düşünülür ise çok romantik bir iş. Hele birlikte oluştunılanlara katkıda bulunmayıp ya da içinde olup da dışında imiş gibi ele