WorldWideScience

Sample records for karma yemlerinde kullanilma

  1. Karma United

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Saliev, Kamolidden; Hockerts, Kai

    2013-01-01

    responsibility (CSR). The company’s CSR activities are described focusing both on former and current projects (eg sponsorship of the Tibetan national football team and the women’s Afghan football team). At the same time, the case addresses the challenges in relation to supply chain management in a global market...... work with the company’s philanthropic activities. Moving on, the case describes the history of hummel and its turnaround in the 1990s from near bankruptcy. The leadership style in hummel International, 'Company Karma', is outlined and links are made to the general concept of corporate social...

  2. Babies born dying: just bad karma? A discussion paper.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kain, Victoria J

    2014-12-01

    The paper examines the notion of being born dying and karma. Karma is a belief upheld by Buddhists and non-Buddhists: That is, karma follows people from their previous lives into their current lives. This raises a difficult question: Does karma mean that a baby's death is its own fault? While great peace can be found from a belief in karma, the notion of a baby's karma returning in some sort of retributive, universal justice can be de-emphasized and is considered "un-Buddhist." Having an understanding of karma is intrinsic to the spiritual care for the dying baby, not only from the perspective of parents and families who have these beliefs, but also for reconciling one's own beliefs as a healthcare practitioner.

  3. CRITICAL APPRAISAL OF VIRECHANA KARMA IN PSORIASIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Ashvini Kumar

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Psoriasis in one of the commonest skin disease characterized by raised silvery scaly lesions. Though many treatments are tried in the management of psoriasis, cure is not been possible till date. Patients with Psoriasis approach various healthcare systems with a hope to get cure. Though, complete and prolonged clearance is the preferred outcome, resolution of disease is the primary therapeutic objective for patients as well as health providers. Psoriasis can be understood as a variety of Kushta (skin disease and correlated to many sub divisions of Kushtha. Ayurveda advocates Shamana (palliative and Shodhana (purificatory measures for its prevention as well as curative aspect. Virechana (therapeutic purgation is one among the commonly advocated Shodhana therapy in the management Kushta. Moreover, Virechana is frequently administered in the management of psoriasis and it is believed to normalize the basic pathologic factor viz Pitta and Rakta. Preoperative, operative and post operative care during Virechana Karma is more important to yield better outcome. An attempt is made to compile and analyze few researches carried out on Virechana on psoriasis to ascertain the modality.

  4. Carmakila: An effective management by kshara karma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pradeep Shindhe

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Epidermal nevi are hamartomas that are characterized by hyperplasia of epidermis and adnexal structures. These nevi may be classified into a number of distinct variants, which are based on clinical morphology, extent of involvement, and the predominant epidermal structure in the lesion. Variants include verrucous epidermal nevus, nevus sebaceous, nevus comedonicus, eccrine nevus, apocrine nevus, Becker′s nevus, and white sponge nevus. A 22-year-old girl approached us with complaints of blackish-colored hard growth, increasing in size over the right post-auricular region since 5 years. Ksharakarma is a procedure that involves the most important surgical, para-surgical, and critical-care procedures like incision, excision, scraping, and hemostatic locally (pratisaraneeya and generally (panneya. Pratisaraneeya kshara is prepared with herbo-mineral medicines having an average pH of 13, possessing penetrating, corrosive, scraping, and healing properties, and are evidently indicated for external application in charmakξla. For the present case, kshara karma was preferred for application as the lesion was bigger in size and the results were appreciable clinically.

  5. A comparative study of Agni karma with Lauha, Tamra and Panchadhatu Shalakas in Gridhrasi (Sciatica)

    OpenAIRE

    Bakhashi, Babita; Gupta, S. K.; Rajagopala, Manjusha; Bhuyan, C.

    2010-01-01

    Sushruta has mentioned different methods of management of diseases, such as Bheshaja karma, Kshara Karma, Agni karma, Shastrakarma and Raktamokshana. The approach of Agni karma has been mentioned in the context of diseases like Arsha, Arbuda, Bhagandar, Sira, Snayu, Asthi, Sandhigata Vata Vikaras and Gridhrasi. Gridhrasi is seen as a panic condition in the society as it is one of the burning problems, especially in the life of daily laborers. It is characterized by distinct pain starting from...

  6. A Trustability Metric for Code Search based on Developer Karma

    CERN Document Server

    Gysin, Florian S

    2010-01-01

    The promise of search-driven development is that developers will save time and resources by reusing external code in their local projects. To efficiently integrate this code, users must be able to trust it, thus trustability of code search results is just as important as their relevance. In this paper, we introduce a trustability metric to help users assess the quality of code search results and therefore ease the cost-benefit analysis they undertake trying to find suitable integration candidates. The proposed trustability metric incorporates both user votes and cross-project activity of developers to calculate a "karma" value for each developer. Through the karma value of all its developers a project is ranked on a trustability scale. We present JBender, a proof-of-concept code search engine which implements our trustability metric and we discuss preliminary results from an evaluation of the prototype.

  7. Bazı kafes kuşu yemlerinde doğal olumsuzluk faktörlerinin (Aflatoksinler, Nitrit, Nitrat, Tanen ve Sodyum Klorür) belirlenmesi

    OpenAIRE

    GÜRELİ, Hakan

    2010-01-01

    Bu çalışmada bazı kafes kuşu yemlerinde doğal olarak bulunan ya da sonradan oluşabilen doğal olumsuzluk faktörlerinden aflatoksinler, nitrat-nitrit, tanen ve tuz miktarları araştırıldı. Bu amaçla Ankara ili sınırları içerisindeki satılan muhabbet kuşu, kanarya ve papağan yemlerinin her birinden 20'şer adet olmak üzere toplam 60 örnek analiz edildi. Aflatoksin analizlerinde yüksek basınçlı sıvı kromatografi cihazı (HPLC) kullanıldı. Nitrat, nitrit ve tanen analizleri spekt...

  8. Karma, reincarnation, and medicine: Hindu perspectives on biomedical research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hutchinson, Janis Faye; Sharp, Richard

    2008-12-01

    Prior to the completion of the Human Genome Project, bioethicists and other academics debated the impact of this new genetic information on medicine, health care, group identification, and peoples' lives. A major issue is the potential for unintended and intended adverse consequences to groups and individuals. When conducting research in, for instance, American Indian and Alaskan native (AI/AN) populations, political, cultural, religious and historical issues must be considered. Among African Americans, the Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment is a reminder of racism and discrimination in this country. The goal of the current study is to understand reasons for participating, or not, in genetic research such as the HapMap project and other genetic/medical research from the perspective of the Indian American community in Houston, Texas. In this article, we report on a topic central to this discussion among Indian Americans: karma and reincarnation. Both concepts are important beliefs when considering the body and what should happen to it. Karma and reincarnation are also important considerations in participation in medical and genetic research because, according to karma, what is done to the body can affect future existences and the health of future descendants. Such views of genetic and medical research are culturally mediated. Spiritual beliefs about the body, tissue, and fluids and what happens to them when separated from the body can influence ideas about the utility and acceptability of genetic research and thereby affect the recruitment process. Within this community it is understood that genetic and environmental factors contribute to complex diseases such as diabetes, hypertension, and cancer; and acknowledgment of the significance of environmental stressors in the production of disease. A commitment to service, i.e. "betterment of humanity," karmic beliefs, and targeting environmental stressors could be prominent avenues for public health campaigns in this

  9. EFFECT OF VAMANA KARMA ON AMAVATA (RHEUMATIC FEVER: A CASE REPORT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Praveen S Beliraya

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Rheumatic fever (RF is an inflammatory disease most commonly seen in children between ages of 6 to 15 years. This disease is believed to be caused following streptococcus pyogens infection such as streptococcal pharyngitis. Amavata is most appropriate correlation to Rheumatic fever due to resemblance in signs and symptoms. Vamana Karma (therapeutic emesis being one of the prime Panchakarma therapies is been tried in the case of Amavata (RF and found to be extremely beneficial. Marked improvement was observed on symptoms like swelling and pain in multiple joints. Even biochemical parameters like ESR, CRP and ASO titer got reduced after Vamana Karma.Keywords: Rheumatic fever, Pancha Karma, Amavata, Vamana Karma

  10. PA01.02. Effect of Shodhana Karma in early Psoriasis– A case study presentation

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: To show the effect of holistic Ayurvedic Treatment in a critical disease like psoriasis in early stage. Method: A patient of known case of psoriasis (not more than 2 yrs) given systematic Ayurvedic Shodhana Karma every 3 yrs. Result: After shodhana Karma, patient got both Subjective & objective relief from Symptoms for a long duration than modern medicines. Conclusion: Pure Ayurvedic Traditional treatment can give relief from symptoms of psoriasis for a longer time without any side e...

  11. The "Karma Level Sexy Bottom" awards are back at CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Bulletin

    2014-01-01

    The highly coveted "Karma Level Sexy Bottom" awards are given to the winners of the “Bike to CERN” competition. There is only one way to secure your place in history: commute to work on your bike, no matter what the weather conditions are and how busy you may feel.   The president of the CERN cycling club, Henrik Nissen (left), with Tim Smith, one of the three winners of the “Bike to CERN” Challenge. At CERN, bikers have a dedicated club and can take part in two popular events designed to challenge them: Bike2Work, which has been going for 10 years and which, every June, mobilises some 50,000 employees from more than 1100 companies and organisations across Switzerland, and the “unofficial Bike to CERN” challenge, which runs throughout the year. In 2013, 125 people took part in this local competition, but many CERN personnel ride to work every day without registering their kilometres. The three winners, all correspond...

  12. A comparative study of Agni karma with Lauha, Tamra and PanchadhatuShalakas in Gridhrasi (Sciatica).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bakhashi, Babita; Gupta, S K; Rajagopala, Manjusha; Bhuyan, C

    2010-04-01

    Sushruta has mentioned different methods of management of diseases, such as Bheshaja karma, Kshara Karma, Agni karma, Shastrakarma and Raktamokshana. The approach of Agni karma has been mentioned in the context of diseases like Arsha, Arbuda, Bhagandar, Sira, Snayu, Asthi, Sandhigata Vata Vikaras and Gridhrasi. Gridhrasi is seen as a panic condition in the society as it is one of the burning problems, especially in the life of daily laborers. It is characterized by distinct pain starting from Sphik Pradesha (gluteal region) and goes down toward the Parshni Pratyanguli (foot region) of the affected side of leg. On the basis of symptomatology, Gridhrasi may be simulated with the disease sciatica in modern parlance. In modern medicine, the disease sciatica is managed only with potent analgesics or some sort of surgical interventions which have their own limitations and adverse effects, whereas in Ayurveda, various treatment modalities like Siravedha, Agni karma, Basti Chikitsa and palliative medicines are used successfully. Among these, Agni karma procedure seems to be more effective by providing timely relief. Shalakas for Agni karma, made up of different Dhatus like gold, silver, copper, iron, etc. for different stages of the disease conditions, have been proposed. In the present work, a comparative study of Agni karma by using iron, copper and previously studied Panchadhatu Shalaka in Gridhrashi has been conducted. A total of 22 patients were treated in three groups. Result of the entire study showed that Agni karma by Panchadhatu Shalaka provided better result in combating the symptoms, especially Ruka and Tandra, while Lauhadhatu Shalaka gave better results in combating symptoms of Spanadana and Gaurava. In the meantime, Tamradhatu Shalaka provided better effect in controlling symptoms like Toda, Stambha and Aruchi. Fifty percent patients in Panchadhatu Shalaka (Group A) were completely relieved. In Lauhadhatu Shalaka (Group B), the success rate was 00.00%, and

  13. KARMA: Kalman-based autoregressive moving average modeling and inference for formant and antiformant tracking

    CERN Document Server

    Mehta, Daryush D; Wolfe, Patrick J

    2011-01-01

    Vocal tract resonance characteristics in acoustic speech signals are classically tracked using frame-by-frame point estimates of formant frequencies followed by candidate selection and smoothing using dynamic programming methods that minimize ad hoc cost functions. The goal of the current work is to provide both point estimates and associated uncertainties of center frequencies and bandwidths in a statistically principled state-space framework. Extended Kalman (K) algorithms take advantage of a linearized mapping to infer formant and antiformant parameters from frame-based estimates of autoregressive moving average (ARMA) cepstral coefficients. Error analysis of KARMA, WaveSurfer, and Praat is accomplished in the all-pole case using a manually marked formant database and synthesized speech waveforms. KARMA formant tracks exhibit lower overall root-mean-square error relative to the two benchmark algorithms, with third formant tracking more challenging. Antiformant tracking performance of KARMA is illustrated u...

  14. Du karma aux planètes From the Karma to the Planets: Arakanese Healers and their Heterogeneous Practices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Céline Coderey

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available En Arakan, les conceptions de la maladie et les pratiques thérapeutiques relevant du bouddhisme theravāda, de l’astrologie, du culte des esprits, de la médecine et de bien d’autres domaines forment un ensemble signifiant et hiérarchisé. Ensemble signifiant parce que malades et thérapeutes considèrent ces conceptions et pratiques comme indissociables les unes des autres et devant donc être combinées afin de mener à bien le processus de guérison. Ensemble hiérarchisé car, à l’intérieur de celui-ci, le bouddhisme occupe une place hégémonique au niveau des valeurs. Néanmoins, dans le domaine thérapeutique, son apport est limité. Ce n’est que combinées aux pratiques astrologiques, médicales, etc. que les pratiques bouddhiques peuvent contribuer à la prévention et au soin des maladies. L’attention est ici portée sur la manière dont laquelle cette totalité signifiante et hiérarchisée s’exprime dans les pratiques des thérapeutes. Sur la base d’une étude de cas, l’article montre que souvent les thérapeutes cumulent plusieurs formations et pratiques plus ou moins hétérogènes afin de pouvoir intervenir sur le plus grand nombre possible de facteurs de la maladie : déséquilibre des éléments corporels, mauvais karma, influences planétaires néfastes, agressions par des puissances maléfiques.In Arakan, sickness-related conceptions and therapeutic practices issuing from Theravada Buddhism, astrology, spirits cult and medicine form a meaningful and hierarchical whole. This whole is meaningful because patients and healers consider that it is the combination of various conceptions and various practices which makes sense and which guarantees the succes of the healing treatement. The whole is hierarchical because conceptions and practices are organised into a hierarchy where Buddhism occupies an hegemonic position. Nevertheless, in the healing field its contribution is limited. Only if combined with

  15. Ideological Support for the Indian Caste System: Social Dominance Orientation, Right-Wing Authoritarianism and Karma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarah Cotterill

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper extends the social dominance perspective to the Indian context by examining the role of belief in Karma (sanchita in the justification of the Indian caste system. Using social dominance theory (Sidanius & Pratto, 1999 and the dual process model (Duckitt, 2001 as guiding theoretical frameworks, we tested four related hypotheses within a sample of 385 Indian university students. In particular we expected that social dominance orientation (SDO and right-wing authoritarianism (RWA would both make relatively strong and independent contributions to participants’ endorsement of Karma (H1, as well as their support for antiegalitarian social policies and conventions (H2. We also predicted that endorsement of Karma, itself, would be strongly related to support for these policies, net of the influence of SDO, RWA, as well as generalized prejudice (H3. Finally, and consistent with the notion that Karma functions as a legitimizing ideology, we hypothesized that it would at least partially mediate, net of generalized prejudice, the relationships between SDO and RWA, on the one hand, and antiegalitarian and conventional social policies, on the other (H4. Results of latent variable structural equation modeling provided support for all four hypotheses. The theoretical implications of these findings are discussed.

  16. 论佛教因果报应思想%On Idea of Karma in Buddhist Scripture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴兴洲

    2011-01-01

    Idea of karma is the one of the basic theories in Buddhist scripture. Buddhism believes that all beings are in the chain of twelve karmas, in the state of life and death and predestined fate before they reach Heaven. Life and death, fortune and misfortune, and richness and poverty are all retributions. Deeds individuals have done are sorted to different karmas. The thoughts, related to religion and superstition, have the great and lasting impact on the development of human civilization.%因果报应思想是佛教的基本理论之一。佛教认为,众生在未达到“神界”之前,总是循着“十二因缘”所指的因果链条,始终处在生死流转、类劫轮回的痛苦中。生死福祸,富贵贫贱,都是报应。人们的思想行为作“业”不同,所受果报亦自不同。这一宗教迷信思想,在人类历史发展过程中产生过重要而深刻的影响。

  17. Effectiveness, safety, and standard of service delivery: A patient-based survey at a pancha karma therapy unit in a secondary care Ayurvedic hospital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanjeev Rastogi

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Pancha karma is a modality of treatments commonly used in Ayurvedic hospitals. It has elaborate textual reference of its usage in various clinical conditions forming the basis of its extensive use in Ayurvedic clinical practice. Unfortunately, despite its unquestionable popularity and usage among Ayurvedic physicians and patients, it has not been evaluated rigorously on scientific parameters to identify its effectiveness, safety, and procedural standards. Considering the patient′s opinion as an important determinant in this perspective, this study aims at identifying the patient′s (actual recipients of pancha karma therapy perception toward the effectiveness, safety, and standard of service delivery concerning pancha karma through a structured survey at a pre-identified pancha karma therapy unit in a secondary care Ayurvedic hospital. Majority of the survey respondents considered these therapies as safe and effective (88%. Ninety-four percent respondents have expressed their satisfaction to the standard of services provided to them at the pancha karma unit of the hospital concerned.

  18. The Carpets and Karma: The Resilient Story of the Tibetan Community in Two Settlements in India and Nepal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Venkat Rao Pulla

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper is about the Tibetan people in two settlements, mainly in Nepal and India. Tibetan ref- ugees started crossing the Himalayan range in April 1959, in the wake of the Dalai Lama’s flight into exile and landed mostly in Nepal and India. Tibetans around the world do not know their fu- ture nor do they appear unduly worried. Most of them appear resilient and hopeful to see a ‘free Tibet’ a dream closer to their hearts, someday in the future. In this paper, we delve at their deep association between their philosophy of life based on the principles of ‘karma’ and their everyday economic avocation of weaving ‘carpets’. We find that these people weave their lives around kar- ma and the carpets. Karma embodies their philosophical and spiritual outlook while carpets, mats and paintings symbolise their day-to-day struggles, enterprises to cope, survive, thrive and flour- ish. The ‘karma carpet’ symbolises their journey into the future. The Tibetans although a refugee group do not have the same rights and privileges comparable to other refugees living in the world decreed under the United Nations Conventions. In this paper, we present the socio-economic situ- ation of these refugees, their enterprise and their work ethic that makes them who they are in the Nepalese and in Indian societies. For this research, we have triangulated both desk studies and personal narratives from focus groups and interviews to present a discussion centred on the Ti- betan struggle for human rights and their entrepreneurship through the carpet industry mainly in Nepal and India.

  19. Karma-yoga como ação moral ideal na Bhagavad-gita à luz da criteriologia künguiana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Antonio Lara

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Dissertação de MestradoLARA, Marco Antonio de. Karma-yoga como ação moral ideal na Bhagavad-gita à luz da criteriologia künguiana. 2016. Dissertação (Mestrado, Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciências da Religião, Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte.

  20. The Hybrid Library: The Focal Point of Traditional and Digital Libraries Karma Kütüphane: Dijital ve Geleneksel Kütüphanelerin Odak Noktası

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehdi Afzali

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Many libraries are currently experiencing a transition from traditional printbased collections to one that holds a mix of print and digital resources. This has led to the existence of so called hybrid libraries. A hybrid library conjugates elements of the traditional and the digital library. The most basic challenge is to acquire a common understanding of their defi nitions, aims, and missions. Digital and hybrid libraries are two kinds of modern libraries, defi ned as different entities. Defi nitions of these libraries show some overlap. So, it is not possible to separate them as two completely different types of libraries. The aim of this paper is to investigate the practices of and challenges confronting hybrid and digital libraries. Günümüzde kütüphaneler geleneksel basılı dermelerden hem basılı hem de dijital kaynakları içeren “karma kütüphaneler”e dönüşmektedir. Bu aşamada karşılaşılan en temel sorun karma kütüphanelerin tanım, amaç ve görevlerinde ortak bir anlayış geliştirilmemiş olmasıdır. Modern kütüphanelerin iki türü olarak dijital ve karma kütüphaneler farklı şekillerde tanımlanmakta, ancak birçok ortak özellikler taşımaktadır. Bu makalede karma kütüphanelerin tanıtımı, özellikleri ve görevleri, dijital ve karma kütüphaneler arasındaki ilişkiler ve karma hizmetler incelenmektedir.

  1. On the Founder of Karma Kargyu Sect:Karmapa Dusum Chenpa%浅析噶玛噶举派创始人都松钦巴

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    仁青群错

    2015-01-01

    噶玛巴・都松钦巴是藏传佛教噶玛噶举派黑帽系的第一世活佛,也是该派的创始人。他兴建了噶玛噶举派上下二主寺———噶玛寺、楚浦寺。他一生致力于弘扬佛法,利益众生,不仅得到世人的敬仰,也为噶玛噶举派的发展奠定了坚实的基础。%Karmapa Dusum Chenpa was the first incarnated Lama and the founder of the Kagyul Sect ( black hat ) .He founded the two main monasteries of this sect ---Karma monastery and Tsupu mon-astery .He also dedicated his whole life to the work of preaching Dharma and helping other beings .Thus, he gained respect and adoration from the people , which helped him to build a strong foundation for the widespread of the Karma Kargyu Sect .

  2. Kategória eko-karmy – možný fundament riešenia ekologickej krízy (Category of eco-karma as a possible fundament of ecology crisis solution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Róbert Piňák

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available Eco-karma as a category of eco-philosophy can bring a new thinking to philosophy of the western world, because it joins our being with responsibility. Nowadays we can join by eco-karma theory of self-realization by A. Naess with theory of ecological interactive community, which was elaborated by G. Snyder. On the one hand, Snyder brings imposing metaphor of shamanistic community, in which vehicle of information exchange is love and on the other hand Naess shows that self-realization cannot bring its fruit if its fundament is not religious experience. But we can say that eco-karma as new category of eco-philosophy shows new recognize of responsibility, because it describes relation between individual and collective responsibility. Namely Snyder’s shamanistic interactive community representing collective responsibility and religious experience of ego-involvement with being representing individual responsibility as it shows A. Naess. Their synthesis opens new resources of our thinking, which show us that we have divine essence and we may participate in creation of the world.

  3. I. Dünya Savaşı’nda Müttefiklerin (İngiltere-Fransa İskenderun Çıkarması Planı ve İkinci Çanakkale Korkusu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ümmü Gülsüm Polat

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Osmanlı Devleti’nin savaşa girmesinden kısa süre sonra başlatılan Çanakkale Harekâtı başta İngiltere olmak üzere müttefiklerin büyük umutlar bağladığı ve neticesinin kolay ve hızlı biçimde alınacağına inandıkları bir operasyondu. İngiliz savaş kadrosunun en tepe noktasındaki isim olarak Savaş Bakanı Lord Kitchener başta olmak üzere diğer bazı yöneticiler eş zamanlı olarak İskenderun’a da bir çıkarma operasyonu başlatılması konusunda girişimde bulunmuşlar ve bu konuda Fransız müttefikleriyle fikir birliğine ulaşmaya çalışmışlardı. Oysaki daha Çanakkale operasyonunun ilk günlerinden itibaren beklenenin aksine kolay ve hızlı bir deniz zaferi elde edilemeyeceği anlaşılmıştı. Ayrıca İngiltere ve Fransa arasındaki müttefik olmalarına rağmen yaşanan güç mücadelesi, fikir ayrılıkları ve bilhassa Suriye’nin savaş sonrası statüsü noktasında mutabakatın tam olmaması nedeniyle İskenderun üzerine bir operasyon planı hayata geçirilemedi. Bu noktada İngiliz makamları bölgedeki Ermeni nüfusunun desteğini alacaklarını ve burada bulunan az sayıda Osmanlı birliğinin harekâtın başarısını kolaylaştıracağını hesaplamalarına rağmen böylesi bir operasyona kalkışamadılar. Çanakkale’de sergilenen direniş önce Fransız müttefiklerini ve İngiliz savaş ekibini her türlü hazırlığa rağmen ikinci bir operasyon fikrinden kesin olarak vazgeçirdi.

  4. AGGREGATE PRODUCTION PLANNING MODEL BASED ON MIXED INTEGER LINEAR PROGRAMMING - KARMA TAMSAYILI DOĞRUSAL PROGRAMLAMA YÖNTEMİ İLE BÜTÜNLEŞİK ÜRETİM PLANLAMASI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Veli ULUÇAM

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract:This work presents a mixed integer linearprogramming method developed by using 0-1 variables forsolving aggregate production planning problem with thefollowing performance criteria: (1 maximize profit, (2minimize costs. The production planning activities are calledas aggregate production planning when both it is producedmore than one goods and the demand changes period byperiod. The purpose of aggregate production planning is not toprepare detailed plans for each goods, it is to do plans forwhole goods produced in the firm together to take in hand.Aggregate production planning is probably one of the mostimportant, yet least understood, jobs that a manager performs.However, all parts of the organization, operations, marketing,finance, and so on, must work together in the planning processto ensure that they are moving in harmony with one another.Aggregate production planning is such a method that canmove all parts of the organizations in same harmony.Özet:Bu çalışmada; kazançların maksimize edilirkenmaliyetlerin minimize edilebileceği bir bütünleşik üretimplanlama probleminin, 0–1 değişkenleri kullanılarakgeliştirilmiş karma tamsayılı doğrusal programlama tekniği ileçözümü anlatılmaktadır. Birden fazla çeşitte ürünün bir aradaüretildiği ve talebin dönemlere göre değişiklik gösterdiğidurumlarda üretim planlama faaliyetleri bütünleşik üretimplanlama olarak tanımlanır. Planlama çalışmalarınınbütünleşik olma niteliği, bu yöntemin tek tek ürünlerin detaylıplanlarının hazırlanması amacıyla değil, işletme tarafındanüretilen tüm ürünlerin bir arada ele alınarak planlamaçalışmalarının yapılmasıdır. Son yıllarda daha iyi anlaşıldığıüzere, bütünleşik üretim planlaması bir yöneticininperformansını etkileyen en önemli kriterdir. Bununla beraberbir işletmenin tüm bölümleri, üretim, pazarlama, finans vediğerleri aynı ahenk içersinde ve uyumlu olarak

  5. The Karma of the Crime and Punishment.Analysis on the Crime and Punishment of Dostoyevsky%罪之成因罚之终果——解析陀思妥耶夫斯基的“罪”与“罚”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈晓敏

    2012-01-01

    陀思妥耶夫斯基的代表作品《罪与罚》——“一部为人类感到伟大的隐痛的书”,笔者在阅读过程中感受到一股悲哀与绝望的同时,尝试着对主人公拉斯科利里尼科夫身上的“罪”之成因与“罚”之终果做出剖析。%Based on Dostoyevsky~ s representative works of "Crime and Punishment", a great book that makes people suffering, this paper tries to make an analysis on the karma of the crime and punishment of the hero Raskolnikov, with a kind of feeling of sorrow and despair.

  6. Clinical efficacy of Shodhana Karma and Shamana Karma in Mandala Kushtha (Psoriasis).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mangal, Gunjan; Mangal, Gopesh; Sharma, Radhey Shyam

    2012-04-01

    In India an estimated 0.8% of the population is suffering from Psoriasis. It is a papulo-squamous disorder of the skin, characterized by sharply defined erythemato-squamous lesions. It is chronic and is well known for its course of remissions and exacerbations. The exact etiology is still unknown. This condition is comparable with Mandala Kushtha in Ayurvedic system of medicine. Shodhana procedures are reliable to control the disease. Forty patients, fulfilling the inclusion criteria, were selected and randomly divided into four groups with 10 patients in each group. In Group A, Vamana and Virechana was administered once during the trial period. In Group B, Vamana and Virechana followed by Dermo-care in the dose of 5 g twice a day for the period of 2 months. In Group C, only Dermo-care was administered. In Group D, Tab. Neotrexate (Methotrexate) 7.5 mg/week was given under the supervision of dermatologist. Marked improvement was observed in 10% of the patients in Group B. Moderate improvement was observed in 20% of the patients in Group A, 90% in Group B, and 80% in Group D. Mild improvement was observed in 80% of the patients in Group A, 100% in Group C, and 20% in Group D.

  7. 论《醒世姻缘传》的道德诉求与因果叙事--世情小说雅俗系列研究之二十二%On the Moral Claim and Karma Narration in The Marriage Stories to Awaken Men---The 22th Study on the Elegance and Popularity of Fictions about Human Relationship

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    申明秀

    2013-01-01

      《醒世姻缘传》带有明显的明人口吻与实录风格,其完成不应迟于明末,而流传则可能始自清初。《醒世姻缘传》是继《金瓶梅》之后,明清齐鲁世情小说的又一硕果,胡适、徐志摩、张爱玲等现代名家都曾对其推崇有加,其广博而逼真的世情抒写中,跃动着作者那颗炽热的匡时济世之心,而成为明清世情小说雅俗整合的又一次成功尝试,促进了明清世情小说的健康发展,影响深远。《醒世姻缘传》是一曲沉重的道德挽歌,祭起的却是佛教果报论大旗。有着浓厚的道德情结与儒家本位思想的西周生,面对着人心不古、世风浇漓的社会现实,只能以浓烈的因果叙事来挽救世道人心,希冀西周古风重临世间。%There are clear tone of Ming Dynasty and style of memoir in The Marriage Stories to A w aken Men which was finished before the end of Ming Dynasty and might spread since the early time of Qing Dy‐nasty .The M arriage Stories to Awaken Men is another great achievement of Social Novels in Ming and Qing Dynasties after Golden Lotus ,which Hu Shi ,Xu Zhimo ,Eileen Chang and other modern masters have canonized .For its extensive and realistic life narration and author’s heart to help the people ,it is an‐other successful attempt of integration with elegance and popularity in the fictions about human relation‐ship in Ming and Qing Dynasties ,which promotes the healthy development of the fictions about human re‐lationship in Ming and Qing Dynasties .It is a heavy moral elegy ,but its magic weapon is Buddhist karma . Facing such society actuality of moral degradation ,Xi Zhou Sheng redeems social morality by drastic karma narration which has strong moral complex and Confucianism standard ,and expects a recurrence of the beautiful moral society of the Western Zhou Dynasty .

  8. Mobilizing preconsciousness social messages: A mixed research on teaching staffBilinç öncesi sosyal mesajların harekete geçirilmesi: Öğretim elemanları üzerine karma araştırma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Süreyya Karsu

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the study is to reveal whether the preconscious messages which are given as social messages to teaching staff, will cause any change in their physical activity habits. And to suggest social marketing strategies which are required to be developed in that direction. The mixed research method and triangulation  model were both used in the study. The teaching staff of AİBÜ Gölköy Campus were the main mass and the study was conducted around 15th January 2015- 25th May 2015. Convenience sampling method was utilized from non-random sampling methods.  According to findings of mix research, “both experimental and control groups had awareness on physical activity and they were both affected to valuate themselves on physical activity levels” were concluded. Beside these, another major conclusion was; the preconscious messages which are given to affect control groups’ physical activity habits had negative impact on control group.   Özet Çalışmanın amacı, öğretim elemanlarına sosyal mesaj olarak verilen bilinç öncesi mesajların fiziksel aktivite alışkanlıkları üzerinde değişim yaratıp yaratmayacağını ortaya koymak, bu yönde gerekli sosyal pazarlama stratejilerinin geliştirilmesinde önerilerde bulunmaktır. Araştırmada, karma araştırma yöntemi ve çeşitleme modelinden yararlanılmıştır. Araştırmada tesadüfi olmayan örnekleme yöntemlerinden, kolayda örnekleme yöntemi kullanılmıştır. Araştırma AİBÜ Gölköy Yerleşkesi’nde 15 Ocak 2015-25 Mayıs 2015 tarihlerinde yürütülmüştür. Uygulanan karma araştırma yöntemi sonucunda hem deney, hem kontrol grubu için fiziksel aktivite konusunda farkındalık ve katılımcıların kendilerini fiziksel aktivite düzeyleri konusunda değerlendirmeleri açısından etki yarattığı sonucuna ulaşılmıştır. Önemli bir diğer sonuç da bilinç öncesi mesajların fiziksel aktivite alışkanlığını etkileme boyutunda deney grubu

  9. Balkan Savaşlarının 100. Yılında Bolayır Muharebesi Ve Şarköy Çıkarması Yenilgisi ve Yapılan Tartışmalar Bolayir Battle And Şarköy Landing Defeats In The Centenary Of Balkan Wars And Debates Taken Place On Them

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ihsan Sabri BALKAYA

    2013-07-01

    ı Devleti ilk defa kendi bünyesinden doğmuş dört devlete karşı savaşmak zorunda kalmıştır. Yunanistan, Bulgaristan, Sırbistan ve Karadağ’ın sınırlarını genişletmek amacıyla başlatmış oldukları savaşın bu devletlerin lehine gelişmesi bütün devletleri şaşırtmıştır. Bu şaşkınlığın temel sebebi İstanbul’un bile işgal edilebileceğinin görülmesidir. Yani savaşın hemen hemen her cephesinde yenilgiler alınmış ve Osmanlı ordusu Çanakkale Boğazının Gelibolu Yarım adasının dar boğazına sıkıştırılmıştır.Çanakkale Boğazının Marmara Denizine açılan en önemli stratejik kapılarından biri olan Bolayır bölgesinde görev alan Ali Fethi ve Mustafa Kemal, burada savaşın ikinci devresinde yapılan çok önemli bir muharebe olan Bolayır Muharebesinin hareket kurmay başkanlığını Ali Fethi, hareket şube müdürlüğünü Mustafa Kemal yapmıştır.Balkan Savaşları tarihine Bolayır Muharebesi ve Şarköy Çıkarması olarak geçen bu hareket yenilgiyle sonuçlanmıştır. Yenilgi üzerine ciddi tartışmalar yapılmıştır. Aslında bütün cephelerdeki yenilgiler o günden bugüne tartışılan ve sebepleri ortaya koyulmaya çalışılan bir öneme sahiptir. Fakat Bolayır Muharebesi’ni farklı kılan İttihat ve Terakki’nin önde gelen etkili şahsiyetleri, Enver Paşa, Mustafa Kemal ve Ali Fethi gibi komutanların aynı cephe ve çıkarmada görev almış olmalarıdır. Hatta Bolayır Muharebesi ve Şarköy Çıkarması ile ilgili biri Ali Fethi tarafından yazılmış olan iki eser kaleme alınmıştır. Bolayır Muharebesi ve Şarköy Çıkarmasında yenilginin sebeplerinin ve suçlunun kim olduğu konusunda yapılan tartışmalar, sorumlu komutanları görevlerinden hatta askerlik mesleğinden istifanın eşiğine taşımıştır. Günümüzde dahi komutanlar üzerine yeni yorum ve tartışmalar yapılmaya devam etmektedir.

  10. Killing, karma and caring: euthanasia in Buddhism and Christianity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keown, D; Keown, J

    1995-10-01

    In 1993 The Parliament of the World's Religions produced a declaration known as A Global Ethic which set out fundamental points of agreement on moral tissues between the religions of the world. However, the declaration did not deal explicitly with medical ethics. This article examines Buddhist and Christian perspectives on euthanasia and finds that in spite of their cultural and theological differences both oppose it for broadly similar reasons. Both traditions reject consequentialist patterns of justification and espouse a 'sanctity of life' position which precludes the intentional destruction of human life by act or omission.

  11. Pinned on Karma Rock: whitewater kayaking as religious experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanford, A Whitney

    2007-01-01

    This paper argues that whitewater paddling constitutes religious experience, that non-western terms often best describe this experience and that these two facts are related and have much to tell us about the nature of religious experience. That many paddlers articulate their experiences using Asian and/or indigenous religious terms suggests that this language is a form of opposition to existing norms of what constitutes religious experience. So, investigating the sport as an aquatic nature religion provides the opportunity to revisit existing categories. As a "lived religion," whitewater kayaking is a ritual practice of an embodied encounter with the sacred, and the sacred encounter is mediated through the body's performance in the water. This sacred encounter-with its risk and danger-illustrates Rudolph Otto's equation of the sacred with terrifying and unfathomable mystery and provides a counterpoint to norms of North American religiosity and related scholarship.

  12. Analysis of Virechana karma with Danti avaleha: A retrospective study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sreelakshmi Chaganti

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Virechana (therapeutic purgation is a common procedure that is widely practiced among the panchakarma treatments (pentad treatments. Various Virechaka dravyas (purgative drugs have been described for Virechana. Even after critical analysis of Virechaka dravyas in the literature, still there is difficulty in the fixation of dose. Hence, the retrospective analysis of varied outcomes of Virechana with Danti (Baliospermum montanum avaleha (linctus is discussed in this paper. The study included twenty-seven case reports of patients who were administered Virechana with Danti avaleha. These case reports are of patients suffering from various ailments such as irregular menstrual cycles, polycystic ovarian syndrome, primary and secondary infertility, and psoriasis. Danti avaleha was administered at dose of 10 g and 5 g in the Krura (~strong and Madhyama (~moderate/normal Koshta (~GI tract patients, respectively. Among seven Krura koshta patients, three of them resulted with Pravara (excellent Shuddhi and other four resulted with Madhyama (medium Shuddhi. In twenty Madhyama koshta patients, sixteen of them resulted with avara (minimum Shuddhi and remaining four patients resulted with Madhyama shuddhi. Complications like Udara shoola (spasmodic pain of abdomen and Vamana (emesis were observed during Virechana. Majority of the patients suffered with Udara shoola were of Madhyama koshta. Vamana was seen in both Krura and Madhyama koshta patients. Irrespective of the type of Shuddhi and complications, all the patients resulted with Samyak Kaphaantiki Virikta lakshana (signs of perfect purgation with end expulsion of Kapha. The study concluded that the Krura koshta patients were tolerable for dose of 10 g and are expected to attain Pravara Shuddhi. Whereas Madhyama koshta patients were intolerable even to mild dose of 5 g, producing Avara shuddhi.

  13. Killing, karma and caring: euthanasia in Buddhism and Christianity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keown, D; Keown, J

    1995-01-01

    In 1993 The Parliament of the World's Religions produced a declaration known as A Global Ethic which set out fundamental points of agreement on moral tissues between the religions of the world. However, the declaration did not deal explicitly with medical ethics. This article examines Buddhist and Christian perspectives on euthanasia and finds that in spite of their cultural and theological differences both oppose it for broadly similar reasons. Both traditions reject consequentialist patterns of justification and espouse a 'sanctity of life' position which precludes the intentional destruction of human life by act or omission. PMID:8558539

  14. The effect of pedagogical formation certificate program on prospective teachers’ professional self-efficacy and attitudes: A mixed-method studyFormasyon programının öğretmen adaylarının mesleki öz yeterlik inançlarına ve tutumlarına etkisi: Bir karma yöntem araştırması

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sedat Kanadlı

    2016-09-01

    z yeterlik inançlarına ve öğretmenlik mesleğine yönelik tutumlarına etkisini incelemektir. Araştırma karma yöntem araştırma desenlerinden yakınsayan paralel desen (Creswell & Plano Clark, 2015 yaklaşımıyla yürütülmüştür. Araştırmanın nicel aşamasında deneysel desenlerden tek grup öntest-sontest deseni kullanılmış, nitel aşamasında ise veriler açık uçlu sorularla toplamıştır. Araştırmanın nicel verilerinin toplanması için çalışma grubuna eğitim öncesi ve sonrasında Tschannen-Moran & Hoy (2001 tarafından geliştirilen, Türkçe’ye uyarlama çalışması Çapa, Çakıroğlu ve Sarıkaya (2005 tarafından yapılan Öğretmen Öz-Yeterlik Algısı Ölçeği ve Çetin (2006 tarafından geliştirilen Öğretmenlik Mesleği Tutum Ölçeği uygulanmıştır. Nitel aşamada ise veriler açık uçlu sorular yoluyla toplanmıştır. Araştırmanın çalışma grubunun 2014-2015 eğitim-öğretim yılında Mersin Üniversitesi’nde düzenlenen PFSP’na katılan ve program öncesi ve sonrasında erişilebilen 150 öğretmen adayı oluşturmaktadır. Nicel verilerin analizinde ilişkili örneklemler için t-testi, nicel verilerin analizinde ise tümdengelimsel nitel analiz (Patton, 2014 kullanılmıştır. Nicel verilerin analizi sonucunda öğretmen adaylarının PFSP’ndan önce ve sonra mesleki öz yeterlik inançları ve mesleğe karşı tutumları arasında istatistiksel olarak anlamlı bir fark bulunamamıştır. Nitel verilerin analizinden sonra, nitel sonuçların öğretmen adaylarının mesleki öz yeterlik algılarına ilişkin nicel sonuçları kısmen desteklediği; ancak öğretmen adaylarının mesleğe karşı tutumlarına ilişkin nicel sonuçları desteklemediği belirlenmiştir. Bu sonuçların olası nedenleri alanyazın ışığında tartışılmıştır.

  15. AMONYAK İLE MUAMELE EDİLEN BUĞDAY SAMANININ SİNDİRİLME DERECESİNİN TESPİTİ VE SIĞIR BESİSİNDE KULLANILMA İMKANLARI

    OpenAIRE

    Coşkun, Behiç; Deniz, Suphi; Ayar, Ali; KADAK, Ramazan; Deligözoğlu, Fazıl

    1992-01-01

    This experiment was conducted to investigatethe effects of treatment of wheat straw with aqueous ammoniaon its digestibility and feed intake and weight gain ofbeef ca tt/e fed two /eve/ of concentrate mixture.About five tones ~eat straw stack treated with 40 gaqueous ammonia contains 25 % NH3 per kg straw for 30daysalter co vering the stack with plasüc sheet.The digesübilities of untreated and treated straw was determinedwith tour Merino ram s. The digesübilities of dry mat- . ter, crude prot...

  16. Synthetic Infrared Scene: Improving the KARMA IRSG Module and Signature Modelling Tool SMAT

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-01

    Desmeules Alexandre Bastien Louis Tanguay Informatique inc. Geoffroy Rivet-Sabourin Technologie Intelligence Image inc. Prepared By: Louis Tanguay... Informatique inc. 825 Boulevard Lebourgneuf, Bureau 204 Québec, Canada G2J 0B9 Contractor’s Document Number: LTI-SIS-2011-1 Contract Project Manager...Alexandre Bastien Louis Tanguay Informatique inc. Geoffroy Rivet-Sabourin Technologie Intelligence Image inc. Prepared By: Louis Tanguay

  17. Avalikus sektoris võetakse tööd rohkem südamega kui erafirmas / Katrin Karma

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karma, Katrin

    2005-01-01

    Emori 2004. aastal läbi viidud tööalase uuringu hinnangul on töötajate pühendumus avalikus sektoris kõrgem kui erasektoris. Lisa: Pane tähele. Diagramm: Avalikus sektoris saavad inimesed rohkem oma võimeid rakendada ja olla kaasatud

  18. Suurbritannia ja Eesti organisatsioonide majandusliku koostöö võimalused : kultuurilised ja organisatsioonikultuurilised aspektid / Kadri Karma, Maaja Vadi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karma, Kadri

    2005-01-01

    Suurbritannia ja Eesti majanduslikust koostööst, organisatsioonide koostööd mõjutavatest kultuurilistest ja organisatsioonikultuurilistest teguritest, ettepanekuid Inglismaa ning Eesti organisatsioonide majandussuhete arendamiseks. Diagramm. Tabel

  19. Riigi (majandus)poliitika mõju väärtpaberite hindade kujunemisele / Otto Karma, Priit Sander

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karma, Otto

    2003-01-01

    Matemaatilise mudeli tuletamisest, mis võimaldab kajastada riigi (majandus)poliitika mõju investorite poolt väärtpaberisse investeerimiseks nõutava tegeliku tulunormi suurusele. Selline mudel võimaldaks prognoosida erinevate (majandus)poliitiliste otsuste mõju väärtpaberite hindade arengule. Tabel: Väärtpaberiinvesteeringuga seotud kulud Eestis. Graafikud

  20. Riigi (majandus)poliitika mõju väärtpaberite hindade kujunemisele / Otto Karma, Priit Sander

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karma, Otto

    2003-01-01

    Matemaatilise mudeli tuletamisest, mis võimaldab kajastada riigi (majandus)poliitika mõju investorite poolt väärtpaberisse investeerimiseks nõutava tegeliku tulunormi suurusele. Selline mudel võimaldaks prognoosida erinevate (majandus)poliitiliste otsuste mõju väärtpaberite hindade arengule. Tabel: Väärtpaberiinvesteeringuga seotud kulud Eestis. Graafikud

  1. Understanding Karma Police: The Perceived Plausibility of Noun Compounds as Predicted by Distributional Models of Semantic Representation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Günther, Fritz; Marelli, Marco

    2016-01-01

    Noun compounds, consisting of two nouns (the head and the modifier) that are combined into a single concept, differ in terms of their plausibility: school bus is a more plausible compound than saddle olive. The present study investigates which factors influence the plausibility of attested and novel noun compounds. Distributional Semantic Models (DSMs) are used to obtain formal (vector) representations of word meanings, and compositional methods in DSMs are employed to obtain such representations for noun compounds. From these representations, different plausibility measures are computed. Three of those measures contribute in predicting the plausibility of noun compounds: The relatedness between the meaning of the head noun and the compound (Head Proximity), the relatedness between the meaning of modifier noun and the compound (Modifier Proximity), and the similarity between the head noun and the modifier noun (Constituent Similarity). We find non-linear interactions between Head Proximity and Modifier Proximity, as well as between Modifier Proximity and Constituent Similarity. Furthermore, Constituent Similarity interacts non-linearly with the familiarity with the compound. These results suggest that a compound is perceived as more plausible if it can be categorized as an instance of the category denoted by the head noun, if the contribution of the modifier to the compound meaning is clear but not redundant, and if the constituents are sufficiently similar in cases where this contribution is not clear. Furthermore, compounds are perceived to be more plausible if they are more familiar, but mostly for cases where the relation between the constituents is less clear. PMID:27732599

  2. Suurbritannia ja Eesti organisatsioonide majandusliku koostöö võimalused : kultuurilised ja organisatsioonikultuurilised aspektid / Kadri Karma, Maaja Vadi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karma, Kadri

    2005-01-01

    Suurbritannia ja Eesti majanduslikust koostööst, organisatsioonide koostööd mõjutavatest kultuurilistest ja organisatsioonikultuurilistest teguritest, ettepanekuid Inglismaa ning Eesti organisatsioonide majandussuhete arendamiseks. Diagramm. Tabel

  3. Hijabistas, Mosques and Force: Muslim Women’s Search for Self in Britain

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-01

    53 viii 1. Jasvinder Sanghera and Karma Nirvana ...Karma Nirvana , “Honour Network,” Karma Nirvana , http://www.karmanirvana.org.uk/honour- network (accessed January 5, 2011). 120 Khatidja Chantler, “Forced...the forced marriage debate through advocacy, shaping their identities as survivors, not victims. 1. Jasvinder Sanghera and Karma Nirvana

  4. 75 FR 30900 - Fisker Automotive; Receipt of Application for Temporary Exemption From Advanced Air Bag...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-02

    ... that the Fisker Karma is a completely new passenger car model. Design and development of the Karma began in late 2007. The Karma is being designed and developed to meet all applicable FMVSS and EEC... markets.'' Fisker stated that the Karma will be the first plug-in hybrid passenger car available for...

  5. Yumurta Tavuğu Karma Yemlerine İlave Edilen Bazı Esansiyel Yağların Performans ve Yumurta Kalitesine Etkisi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet Ziya KARAKULLUKÇU

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Effect of Some Essential Oil Supplementation to Laying Hen Diet on Performance and Egg Quality This study aimed to determine the effects of adding myrtus (Myrtus communis L. leaf oil and vitex (Vitex agnus-castus oil in laying hen diet on performance parameters such as live weight, egg production, feed intake, feed efficiency and the internal and the external of egg quality. In the study, a total of 80 white laying hens aged 30 weeks, assigned to 4 groups with 10 replicates. Control group was fed with basal diet. The treatment groups were fed with the diets supplemented 2 ml/kg of myrtus leaf oil, 2 ml/kg of vitex oil and 1 ml/kg of myrtus leaf oil + 1 ml/kg of vitex oil were added to treatment groups feed respectively. In the study, 28.61% of α-pinene and 46.32% of 1.8-cineole were identified in myrtus leaf oil and 13.22% of α-pinene, 14.03% of sabinene and 26.14% of 1.8-cineole were identified as significant active compounds of vitex oil. Supplementation of myrtus leaf oil and vitex oil alone and mix to laying hens diet did not affect body weight, feed intake, egg production and feed efficiency. Egg specific gravity was decreased significantly in group including vitex oil (P0.05. Egg yolk color decreased by mix supplementation of myrtus leaf oil and vitex oil to diet (P≤0.001, but no change was determined by supplementation of these oils as alone (P>0.05. Consequently, it was determined that supplementation as alone or mix of myrtus and vitex volatile oil to the laying hen diet did not affect production performance and internal and external quality of the egg, except for egg specific gravity and yolk color during the peak egg production period.

  6. Politik Pazarlama Karmasına Kavramsal Ve Güncel Bir Bakış (An Updated and Conceptual Aspect to the Political Marketing Mix

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kadri Gökhan YILMAZ

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The decision making process of voters within the context of the political marketing has been undergoing a transformation and development process as parallel to the gradual changes on the core of marketing. In such a circumstance, the political marketing has also been forced to update itself in order to canalize voters to the desired direction. Recently, there are ongoing political, cultural, economic, technological and social changes on the national, regional and also on the global level that have a global influence. Thus, one should face the reality that there are numerous factors acting upon the voter’s decision in an environment where there is vast amount of information which is easily accessible, and the masses can influence one another. In this respect, this study focuses on the complicated nature of political marketing mix elements with regard to the concept of change. Thus, it aims to highlight the up-to-date position of mix elements on a conceptual basis. Therefore, this study presents the differences and authenticity of the mix elements, which stand as a research topic by itself, in a conceptual framework.

  7. 波普艺术与波普设计的因缘与离合%KARMA AND CLUTCH OF POP ART AND POP DESIGN

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨参天

    2016-01-01

    波普运动是20世纪50年代至60年代兴起的一场风格前卫又面向大众的文化艺术和设计运动,反映出战后年轻一代追求新的文化观、消费观和反叛传统的意识和审美品位.在整个波普运动中,波普艺术(POPArt)与波普设计(POP Design)是密不可分的,本文试图研究两者之间的关系与发展.

  8. Mobile Knowledge, Karma Points and Digital Peers: The Tacit Epistemology and Linguistic Representation of MOOCs / Savoir mobile, points de karma et pairs numériques : l’épistémologie tacite et la représentation linguistique des MOOC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lisa Rafferty Portmess

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Media representations of massive open online courses (MOOCs such as those offered by Coursera, edX and Udacity reflect tension and ambiguity in their bold promise of democratized education and global knowledge sharing. An approach to MOOCs that emphasizes the tacit epistemology of such representations suggests a richer account of the ambiguities of MOOCs, the unsettled linguistic and visual representations that reflect the strange lifeworld of global online courses and the pressing need for promising innovation that seeks to serve the restless global desire for knowledge. This perspective piece critically appraises the linguistic laboratory of thought such representation reveals and its destabilized rhetoric of technology and educational practice. The mobile knowledge of MOOCs, detached from context and educational purpose and indifferent to cultural boundary distortions, contains both the promise of democratized education and the shadow of post-colonial knowledge export. Les représentations médiatiques des cours en ligne ouverts et massifs (MOOC en anglais comme ceux offerts par Coursera, edX et Udacity reflètent une tension et une ambiguïté occasionnées par leur audacieuse promesse de démocratisation de l’éducation et de partage global du savoir. Étudier les MOOC en accentuant l'épistémologie tacite de ces représentations mène à une explication plus riche des ambiguïtés inhérentes aux MOOC, de l’incertitude des représentations linguistiques et visuelles reflétant l’étrange monde vécu des cours en ligne à l’échelle globale et le besoin pressant d'innovation prometteuse visant à répondre au désir insatiable de connaissance à travers le monde. Le présent essai évalue de manière critique le laboratoire linguistique d’idées révélées par une telle représentation ainsi que son discours instable sur la technologie et sur les pratiques pédagogiques. Libéré de tout contexte et d’objectif pédagogique et indifférent aux distorsions des barrières culturelles, le savoir mobile des MOOC contient à la fois la promesse d'une éducation démocratisée et le spectre d’un savoir postcolonial.

  9. Filo Büyüklüğü ve Karma Araç Rotalama Problemleri İçin Yeni Bir Yapısal Rotalama Algoritması

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kenan KARAGÜL

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available In this study, a new constructive routing algorithm for fleet size and mix vehicle routing problem is proposed in which residual costs rather than vehicle types are considered for route selection. The algorithm of the proposed routing approach is given and then the solution phases of a sample problem are shown by using the given algorithm. In order to highlight the performance of the routing approach, Golden’s 12 test problems (Fleet Size and Mix Vehicle Routing Problem with Fixed Cost are used. It is seen that the proposed method has better average time complexity and cost performances than Ochi’s routing approach. Therefore, the solutions of the proposed method that uses vehicle type information are better than those of the methods that use residual cost based on the vehicle type information

  10. Kontor+kodu endises hotellitoas / Piret Tali

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tali, Piret, 1972-

    2016-01-01

    Arhitekt Toomas Karma ja sisearhitekt Karin Karma (isa ja tütar) loodud 12 m² suurune kontor-kodu Tallinnas Randla tänaval asuvas endises hotellihoones. Konkursi "Aasta kodu" köögipreemia ja detailipreemia 2015

  11. Instances of belief in fate in South India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carl Gustav Diehl

    1967-02-01

    Full Text Available Man's life is predetermined by Karma. The deeds of an earlier existence bear their fruits in the present life. That is why the poor man is poor and the rich is happy with his wealth and good fortune. One man is born a brahman and another spends his days as a pariah. The law of Karma has spread in the wake of Buddhism all over the Indian continent and far beyond, whereas its complement and presupposition Samsara for the most part appears as an intellectual conception with little foundation in popular belief. But Karma is not blind. On the contrary it is absolutely just, and for that very reason inescapable. This is, however, modified in so far as good deeds are both possible and profitable. The fatal consequences of the Karma of previous births end with this span of existence. Life hereafter will depend on the fruits of accumulated Karma here and now.

  12. Karma Testlerin Eşitlenmesinde MTK Eşitleme Yöntemlerinin Eşitlik Özelliği Korunumu Ölçütüne Göre Karşılaştırılması

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neşe ÖZTÜRK GÜBEŞ

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available In this study, Item Response Theory (IRT true-score equating and observed-score equating methods were compared based on preserving test equity property. The data used in this study were 8th grade mathematics test item responses which obtained from booklet 5 and 6 of Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS 2011 Turkey sample. Results showed that while IRT true-score equating outperformed IRT observed-score equating in terms preserving first-order equity, however IRT observed-score equating method IRT true- score equating in terms of second order equity property

  13. Karma and Reincarnation--Reflection on Gilmore's Choice of Death in "Executioner's Song"%因果报应与轮回转世--对《刽子手之歌》中吉尔摩死亡选择的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邢雅琴

    2004-01-01

    文章分析诺曼·梅勒的小说《刽子手之歌》中的主人公吉尔摩基于因果报应与轮回转世选择死亡的方式,反映了美国西部人与所生存环境的对立,反映了"群体社会"中人的精神危机与精神空虚,进而揭示了当代美国生活的真实画卷和个人异化心理产生的根源.

  14. “Sınıf Genelinde Akran Öğretimi” (SGAÖ Stratejisinin Karma Öğrenme Yeterlilikleri / Yetersizlikleri Olan Öğrencilerin Devam Ettiği İlkokul Sınıfında Etkililiğinin İncelenmesi: Bir Vaka Çalışması

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charikleia Ntoliou

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Bu araştırmanın amacı öğrenme güçlükleri olan öğrencilerin genel eğitim sınıflarına bütünleştirilmesinde etkili bir eğitim yöntemi olan Sınıf Genelinde Akran Öğretimi (SGAÖ stratejisini tartışmaktır. SGAÖ‟nün tanıtılmasına ek olarak, bu makale Yunanistan‟da bir ilkokulun ikinci sınıfında sınıf öğretmeninin öğretici bir araştırmacı ile işbirliğine dayalı olarak çalışarak SGAÖ‟nün öğrencilerin sözcük okuma performanslarına etkisinin programa dayalı değerlendirmeler ile incelendiği bir vaka çalışmasını sunmaktadır. Araştırmanın sonuçları, öğrenme güçlüğü tanısı alma riski olan öğrenciler de dahil tüm öğrencilerin performanslarının arttığını göstermektedir. Makale, yöntemin tartışılması ve ileride yapılacak araştırma ve uygulamalara ilişkin öneriler ile son bulmaktadır. The purpose of this article is to discuss ClassWide Peer Tutoring (CWPT strategy as an effective educational procedure in including students with learning disabilities in general education classroom. In addition to describing CWPT, this article mainly presents a case study in which a primary educator teacher worked collaboratively with an educational researcher in a second grade Greek classroom to examine the impact of CWPT on students‟ word-spelling performance, as monitored on curriculum-based assessments. Data were collected by applying pre- and post-tests. Results indicated that all students, including those being at risk of having learning disabilities, improved their performance. The article concludes with a discussion of the procedure and areas of future research and application.

  15. A notion on restructuring the Bali hospitality and service industry by

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    An essay on Karma Karana: A notion on restructuring the Bali hospitality and service industry by ... Research in Hospitality Management ... Does the money that is generated from tourism really help the people and the island itself to grow?

  16. prevalence of acute malnutrition in pre-school children in a rural ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2014-01-01

    Jan 1, 2014 ... Subjects: Pre-school children attending kindergartens in Karma Albald village (n = 163). Results: Using the ... All of the risk factors associated with malnutrition that were studied .... determinant of wellbeing. The aim was to ...

  17. Self-immolation and the exchange of self and others

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sobisch, Jan-Ulrich

    2012-01-01

    On the recent self-immolations as a form of Tibetan protest, the Dalai Lama's statement on it, and its relation to some doctrinal aspects such as karma and the bodhisattvas' ability to exchange of Self and other.......On the recent self-immolations as a form of Tibetan protest, the Dalai Lama's statement on it, and its relation to some doctrinal aspects such as karma and the bodhisattvas' ability to exchange of Self and other....

  18. Comparison of the Theory of Constraints with the Traditional Cost Accounting Methods in Respect to Product Mix Decisions Comparison of the Theory of Constraints with the Traditional Cost Accounting Methods in Respect to Product Mix Decisions = Ürün Karması Kararları Açısından Geleneksel Maliyet Muhasebesi Yöntemleri ile Kısıtlar Teorisinin Karşılaştırılması

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ayten ERSOY

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available This study examines the importance of the theory of constraints compared to the conventional cost accounting in making adequate product mix decisions. To this end, an application in a chemistry enterprise was executed to determine product mix decisions and their effect on profitability by comparing the theory of constraints variable costing method with the full costing method in respect to the throughput approach, the contribution margin approach and the unit profit approach respectively.

  19. Tibetan Nomad Childhood

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karma Dondrub

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available A Tibetan Nomad Childhood by Kar+ma don 'grub. Kar+ma's life begins on the boundless Tibetan grassland in 1983 in Yushu (Yul shul Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Mtsho sgnon (Qinghai Province. Living in a black yak hair tent, Kar+ma begins tending his family's yak calves as soon as he can walk, in a grassland so barren that he is startled upon first seeing a tree at the age of eight. Charlatan livestock-stealing monks, anthrax, death, birth, happiness, and encounters with modern education create a powerful, unparalleled account of Tibetan nomad childhood in the late twentieth century - a way of life that will soon be forever gone.

  20. Self, other, and astrology: esoteric therapy in Sri Lanka.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perinbanayagam, R S

    1981-02-01

    HARRY STACK SULLIVAN'S argument that anxiety as a fundamental human experience is alleviated by the use of various procedures that he called "security operations" is used in this paper to examine the meaning of astrology in Sri Lanka. Astrology and the doctrine of karma provide the relevant framework in which various forms of misfortune are understood and handled. An examination of cases in Sri Lanka reveals that astrology and the doctrine of karma enable a person of that culture to create a number of structures which have a therapeutic effect.

  1. 75 FR 57549 - Fisker Automotive; Grant of Application for Temporary Exemption From Advanced Air Bag...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-21

    ... Manufacturers In 2000, NHTSA upgraded the requirements for air bags in passenger cars and light trucks... Exemption From Advanced Air Bag Requirements of FMVSS No. 208 AGENCY: National Highway Traffic Safety... advanced air bag requirements of FMVSS No. 208, for the Karma model. The basis for the application is that...

  2. The Paradox of Modern Suffering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dræby, Anders

    . According to Buddhism, existence is suffering, and each persons desire to reach a state of nothingness (Nirvana) causes them to return over and over through reincarnation, in order to work out their karma. In Christianity suffering is inseparable from man's earthly existence, and it must serve to overcome...

  3. The Changes of Tibetan Buddhist Monastery in the Past Half Century -- A Case Study of Drepung Monastery%The Changes of Tibetan Buddhist Monastery in the Past Half Century -- A Case Study of Drepung Monastery

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Tanzen Lhundup

    2011-01-01

    The most unique characteristic of Tibetan society has been the prevailing domination of Tibetan Buddhism for centuries and its regime combining administration and religion. As Melvyn Goldstein said, "Buddhism has played a central role in Tibetan society, defining morality and the fundamental meaning of existence throuzh its core notions of karma,

  4. Teaching about Culture and Communicative Life in India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jain, Nemi C.

    Basic patterns of culture and communication in India such as world view, reincarnation, concepts of Karma and Dharma, stages of life, the caste system, time orientation, collectivism, hierarchical orientation, language situation, and nonverbal communication norms are an integral part of Hinduism and Indian culture, and have a significant influence…

  5. Evaluation of Drought Resistance Indicates for Yield and Its Components in Three Triticale Cultivars

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. Kinaci

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Drought is a wide-spread problem seriously influencing cereal production and quality. The development of triticale cultivars which are tolerant to drought is an objective in many breeding programmes, but so far success has been limited. This study was carried to examine differences in yield and yield components and kernel features among triticale cultivars (Tatlicak 97, Karma 2000 and MIKHAM 2002 under drought stress. Three triticale cultivars with different yield performance were grown in separate experiments under the rain fed and irrigated conditions at Eskisehir, Turkey, in 2006-2007 growing season. In the study, susceptibility index (SSI, stress tolerance index (STI, tolerance (TOL, yield index (YI, yield stability index (YSI, mean productivity (MP and geometric mean productivity (GMP were calculated. The best yielding cultivar under the drought stress, hence having a low susceptibility index, was Karma 2000. This cultivar may be utilized for improvement of drought resistance in triticale breeding programmes.

  6. Bike2Work celebration in honour of the colleagues who registered most kilometers in 2013

    CERN Multimedia

    Vigen, Jens

    2014-01-01

    Before the 2014 season was officially launched, the CERN bikers took time to celebrate the strong commitment of biking to work in 2013. The celebration took place in front of Restaurant 1. The president of the CERN Bike Club, Henrik Nissen, was the master of ceremonies and presented a set of prizes: The three first prizes, all corresponding to the so-called "Karma Level Sexy Bottom", went to Tim Smith (7182 km), Martial Dujardin (5109 km) and Gabriele Thiede (4326 km). For the remaining group of participants there were seven extra prizes, attributed from a prize draw - where each of their registered kilometers was used as lottery ticket. In addition all got a diploma stating their karma level .

  7. Pre-Service Teachers Institute

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-01-01

    The Pre-Service Teachers Institute sponsored by Jackson (Miss.) State University participated in an agencywide Hubble Space Telescope workshop at Stennis Space Center on July 18. Twenty-five JSU junior education majors participated in the workshop, a site tour and educational presentations by Karma Snyder of the NASA SSC Engineering & Safety Center and Anne Peek of the NASA SSC Deputy Science & Technology Division.

  8. Bioethics for clinicians: 19. Hinduism and Sikhism

    OpenAIRE

    Coward, Harold; Sidhu, Tejinder

    2000-01-01

    Hindus and Sikhs constitute important minority communities in Canada. Although their cultural and religious traditions have profound differences, they both traditionally take a duty-based rather than rights-based approach to ethical decision-making. These traditions also share a belief in rebirth, a concept of karma (in which experiences in one life influence experiences in future lives), an emphasis on the value of purity, and a holistic view of the person that affirms the importance of fami...

  9. Kālī: Time series data modeler

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kasliwal, Vishal P.

    2016-07-01

    The fully parallelized and vectorized software package Kālī models time series data using various stochastic processes such as continuous-time ARMA (C-ARMA) processes and uses Bayesian Markov Chain Monte-Carlo (MCMC) for inferencing a stochastic light curve. Kālimacr; is written in c++ with Python language bindings for ease of use. K¯lī is named jointly after the Hindu goddess of time, change, and power and also as an acronym for KArma LIbrary.

  10. The Hindu view on facts (Karman as reflected in Bhagavad Gītā and Upanishads and their role in Christianity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    PhD. Alexandru-Corneliu ARION

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Out of the four fundamental concepts or pillars of Indian religious thinking the present paper aims at disclosing the meaning and significance of the law of universal causality that binds man and cosmos, and condemns the former to an indefinite transmigration, i.e. the law of karma. This pan-Indian term will be underlined as it is reflected in the most important Upanishads and in Bhagavad Gītā, the gospel of Hindu spirituality. On the final part a parallel – between this concept and the teaching about the role of facts in the process of salvation according to the Orthodox Christian theology – will be drawn. In short, karma is a sort of law of causality that makes any action committed by individual leaving behind it a kind of force that causes the joys and sorrows of life, as the action was good or bad. According to Orthodox Church’s teaching good deeds is, along with faith and grace the subjective conditions of salvation, i.e. personal appropriation by every man of the objective redemption brought about by Jesus Christ, the God-man. This appropriation called salvation or sanctification is not simply a gift from God, but a permanent action that lasts throughout human life. If the law of karma acts implacably and independently to the will of man, stamping a fatalist character to life and undermining the human freedom, in Orthodoxy, however, man is not alone, but permanently assisted by the divine grace. But grace does not work irresistibly; it respects human freedom, so the facts present an obvious synergetic character. Therefore, between the Christian teaching on facts and the philosophy of the act, as it emerges from the Upanishads and the Bhagavad Gītā is an abysmal distance that comes to differentiate these two religions on this level as well.

  11. Investigation on stability of directionally solidified CBr4-C2Cl6 lamellar eutectic by using multiphase field simulation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhu Yao-chan; Wang Jin-Cheng; Yang Gen-Cang; Zhao Da-Wen

    2007-01-01

    With the multiphase field method,the stability of lamellar basic state is investigated during the directional solidification of eutectic alloy CBr4-C2Cl6.A great number of lamellar patterns observed in experiments are simulated,and a stability diagram for lamellar pattern selections is presented.The simulated growth behaviours of these patterns are found to be qualitatively consistent with Karma et al'S numerical calculations and experimental results.The formation of the primary instability is attributed to the destabilization of solute boundary layer.

  12. Impacto del sistema de labranza y dosis de nitrógeno en el rendimiento y calidad nutricional de forraje de avena

    OpenAIRE

    Hernán Gil Gil

    2014-01-01

    En el valle de Toluca, se han hecho pocos esfuerzos para valorar las prácticas que se utilizan en la agricultura de conservación como son el uso de camas permanentes. Con base a lo anterior, se evaluó el efecto del sistema de siembra directa con rastrojo (SDCR) y sin rastrojo (SDSR) y siembra convencional sin rastrojo (SC), bajo dos dosis de N (60 y 100 kg N ha-1) sobre el rendimiento y calidad nutricional de cuatro variedades de avena forrajera (Avemex, Obsidiana, Karma y Turquesa). E...

  13. Christian ethic of love and Hindu ethic of dharma: comparative analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pavenkov Oleg Vladimirovich

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available This article is devoted to comparative analysis of two ethic systems: Hindu ethic of dharma and Christian ethic of love. If Christian ethic is the ethic of love, love is in the center of Christian moral values, then Hindu ethic is an example of ethic of law. The moral behavior of gods and humans is determined by Karma and cycle of samsara, which is impossible in Christianity. However forgiveness, self-restraint, non-stealing, purity are common moral obligations for Christians and Hindus.

  14. Building Web Reputation Systems

    CERN Document Server

    Farmer, Randy

    2010-01-01

    What do Amazon's product reviews, eBay's feedback score system, Slashdot's Karma System, and Xbox Live's Achievements have in common? They're all examples of successful reputation systems that enable consumer websites to manage and present user contributions most effectively. This book shows you how to design and develop reputation systems for your own sites or web applications, written by experts who have designed web communities for Yahoo! and other prominent sites. Building Web Reputation Systems helps you ask the hard questions about these underlying mechanisms, and why they're critical

  15. Life and death in Kardecist Spiritism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Laura Viveiros de Castro Cavalcanti

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper analyses from an anthropological perspective how Brazilian Spiritism resignifies the current notions of life and death, comparing the notion of reincarnation with the Christian and Catholic notion of purgatory. The search for understanding of the processes of identity construction in this religious system leads to the examination of the notions of reincarnation, karma, evolution, mediumship and probation, which are central to Kardecian cosmology. With this active set of notions, Spiritism proposes a rich set of perspectives about the self, and simultaneously graduates and softens the otherness of death.

  16. Rehabilitative potential of Ayurveda for neurological deficits caused by traumatic spinal cord injury

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanjeev Rastogi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Spinal cord injury (SCI is associated with worst outcomes and requires a prolonged rehabilitation. Ayurvedic indigenous methods of rehabilitation are often utilized to treat such conditions. A case of SCI was followed up for 3 months upon an Ayurvedic composite intervention and subsequently reported. The composite treatment plan involved Ayurvedic oral medications as well as a few selected external and internal pancha karma procedures. A substantial clinical and patient centered outcome improvement in existing neurological deficits and quality of life was observed after 3 months of the Ayurvedic treatment given to this case.

  17. MONTE CARLO BENZETİMİNİN BİR KARAR PROBLEMİNE UYGULANMASI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Çiğdem ALABAŞ

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Standart karar ağacı yaklaşımının ana amacı ilgilenilen performans ölçütüne ilişkin beklenen değerin hesaplanmasıdır. Ancak gerçek hayat problemlerinde, belirsizlik faktörleri arttıkça karar problemi çok daha karmaşık bir hale gelmektedir. Böyle durumlarda karar analizinin, standart karar ağacı yaklaşımıyla yapılması kullanışlı değildir. Bu zorluğu yenmek için kullanılan yöntemlerden biri Monte Carlo benzetimidir. Bu çalışmada, karmaşık bir karar problemi için Monte Carlo benzetim modeli kurulmuş ve istatistiksel analiz yapılarak en uygun karar belirlenmiştir.

  18. Application of Satkaryavada based on theory of Karya-Karana Vada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anupam, Akansha; Dwivedi, R R

    2011-10-01

    Cikitsa in Ayurveda is based on Karya-Karana Siddhanta. Satkaryavada is an independent view of Samkhyas regarding Karya-Karana. According to this principle, the Karya is present in Karana in subtle form before its manifestation. All the Karyas are possible only by the Sat Karana (existent cause). On this ground a hypothesis has been formulated and applied. The hypothesis was that since Karana is present in a drug it will perform the Karma. The clinical study was planned to study the Anulomana Karma of Haritaki in patients of Anaha. The drug was used in 38 patients. These were divided into two groups. In group "A" 26 patients were provided with haritaki tablet, while in group "B" 12 patients were provided with placebo tablets. In group "A" 7.69% of patients got complete relief, followed by 38.46% patients who got marked relief; 42.31% of patients got moderate relief, while 11.54% patients got mild relief. Group A showed highly significant results in comparison to group B.

  19. Brief Analysis of the Ethic Values Embedded in the Buddhist Law of Causality%佛教因果思想的伦理价值浅析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙建国

    2011-01-01

    佛教伦理提倡"行善积德"、"普度众生"、"大慈大悲",体现了其宗教道德的人本性和生态性伦理观。佛教因果观涵括了善恶有报、改恶从善、劝善度人思想,既注重平等、责任、尊严的社会伦理,也具有深刻的重视环保的生态伦理价值和生态伦理实践意义。%The Buddhist understanding of human self-nature and environmental ethics are well reflected in the fundamental doctrines of doing good,saving all sentient beings and cultivating compassion,advocated in Buddhist ethics of the mind.The theory of Karma-the law of causality-in Buddhist teachings and practice,including the concepts of Karma retribution,changing from cruelty to kindness and helping others do well,lays great emphasis not only on such social ethics as equality,responsibility and dignity,but also on the practice of environmental ethics,which is of great value in the protection of our ecological environment.

  20. Applications of control theory to the dynamics and propagation of cardiac action potentials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muñoz, Laura M; Stockton, Jonathan F; Otani, Niels F

    2010-09-01

    Sudden cardiac arrest is a widespread cause of death in the industrialized world. Most cases of sudden cardiac arrest are due to ventricular fibrillation (VF), a lethal cardiac arrhythmia. Electrophysiological abnormalities such as alternans (a beat-to-beat alternation in action potential duration) and conduction block have been suspected to contribute to the onset of VF. This study focuses on the use of control-systems techniques to analyze and design methods for suppressing these precursor factors. Control-systems tools, specifically controllability analysis and Lyapunov stability methods, were applied to a two-variable Karma model of the action-potential (AP) dynamics of a single cell, to analyze the effectiveness of strategies for suppressing AP abnormalities. State-feedback-integral (SFI) control was then applied to a Purkinje fiber simulated with the Karma model, where only one stimulating electrode was used to affect the system. SFI control converted both discordant alternans and 2:1 conduction block back toward more normal patterns, over a wider range of fiber lengths and pacing intervals compared with a Pyragas-type chaos controller. The advantages conferred by using feedback from multiple locations in the fiber, and using integral (i.e., memory) terms in the controller, are discussed.

  1. MANAGEMENT OF ARDHAVABHEDAKA VIS-À-VIS MIGRAINE: AN OBSERVATIONAL CLINICAL STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shree Vidya P

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Headache is the most common health problem experienced by mankind. In that, around 40% of individuals worldwide are suffering from migraine headache which results in severe disabling condition. W.H.O has ranked migraine as number 19 among all diseases worldwide causing disability. According to International Headache Society, Migraine constitutes 16% of the primary headache and affects approximately 10-20% of general population (About 15% of women and 6% of men are the sufferers of migraine. Migraine can be defined as benign, recurring syndrome of headache, nausea, vomiting and/or other symptoms of neurological dysfunction in varying admixtures. The symptom complex of which similates with Ardhavabhedaka is one among the 11 types of shiroroga. The treatment protocol of contemporary science are not acceptable due to their drawbacks and they also cause drug dependence, relapse of headache within hours etc. beside this, the text Charaka samhita mentions Nasya karma as the master key for all shirorogas. So, this study has been carried out with an objective to evaluate the combined efficacy of shatahvadi taila nasya karma with Tablet Nimbadi guggulu and Mashadi kashaya in the management of Ardhavabhedaka vis-à-vis Migraine. The study had been carried out in 30 patients under a single group for a period of 30 days with pre, mid and post test. Overall assessment showed statistically highly significant results with the p value 0.000.

  2. Ayurvedic management of recurrent abortions due to uterine fibroid

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    Shailendra Dadarao Katakdound

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Uterine fibroids are present in 30-70% of women of reproductive age. Uterine fibroids distort the uterine cavity. Therefore there is consensus of a negative impact on both the clinical pregnancy and delivery rates.[2] In addition, studies have also reported an increased risk of spontaneous miscarriage with submucosal fibroids. In biomedicine, myomectomy is considered the treatment of choice and Assisted Reproductive Technology is advised to overcome infertility. In Hārita Saṃhitā treatment is given for recurrent abortion (Garbhasrāvī. In this study, considering pitta doṣa and altered uterine receptivity (kṣetra duṣṭi as causative factors, purgation (virecana karma was done, enema (yoga basti was given after post purgation protocol (saṃsarjana karma. After body purification (śodhana, garbhasthāpaka drugs were given to the patient for one month. Patient conceived in the second month with this treatment. In Antenatal Care, haematinics and calcium supplements and month wise Ayurvedic medication (Māsānumāsika kaṣāya were given for nine months. Elective caesarean section as done after GA 38 weeks (USG followed by inj. Wymesone 8 mg. The procedure uneventful. Thus proving Ayurvedic management of recurrent abortion due to uterine fibroid. It is cost effective and improves and normalises uterine receptive environment.

  3. PA01.81. Impact of globalisation on health w.s.r. metabolic syndrome and its ayurvedic management)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Layeeq, Shaizi; Srivastava, Alok K

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: According to WHO report 2002,Cardiovacular diseases (CVD) will be the largest cause of death and disability in India by 2012. Metabolic Syndrome (MetS), a constellation of dyslipidemia, elevated blood glucose, hypertension and obesity is emerging as the most common risk factor for CVD. The rising prevalence of individual components of Metabolic Syndrome is mainly attributed to globalisation which has made available cheap, unhealthy food on the main menu & also brought with it sedentary lifestyle. It is a need of time to pay due consideration on the problem and search for alternative medicine. So the aim of the study is: 1. To study the impact of globalisation on health w.s.r Metabolic Syndrome. 2. To assess the clinical efficacy of Panchakarma in its management. Method: For the study large-scale survey, other documented data and published articles were studied. For clinical contrieve 20 patients were registered and were given Virechana Karma followed by administration of Shuddha Guggulu as palliative measure. Result: The results show that globalisation has a great impact on all the components of Metabolic Syndrome. However on management with Panchakarma (Virechana Karma) followed by Shuddha Guggulu encouraging results were found. The overall effect of therapy was found to be 82.5%. Conclusion: There is a high prevalence of metabolic syndrome in India and it is a need of time to consider alternative treatment for its management alongwith change in lifestyle to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease.

  4. Karmic quest: Thai family caregivers promoting a peaceful death for people with AIDS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nilmanat, Kittikorn; Street, Annette F

    2007-12-01

    This paper reports the constructions of karma by four Thai family caregivers living with a dying person with AIDS in Southern Thailand. These four families form a subset of a larger ethnographic case study exploring the experiences of families living with a relative with AIDS. Serial interviews, observations, and field journal were used as data collection methods with the four families. The findings indicated that the karmic quest is a dominant theme in the narratives of these families caring for their loved ones dying with AIDS. The 'calm and peaceful' death that is described in the palliative care literature equated with their desire for the Buddhist philosophy of a harmonious death. The families used the law of karma and reincarnation as their main frame of reference and mobilised their religious resources to create meaning and purpose. Karmic healing activities were aimed at ending suffering, promoting a peaceful and calm death and ensuring a better life in the next one. The findings are important for the development of palliative nursing practice in Thailand by acknowledging religious and cultural values to promote peaceful death.

  5. Spiritual concerns in Hindu cancer patients undergoing palliative care: A qualitative study

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    Srinagesh Simha

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Aims: Spiritual concerns are being identified as important components of palliative care. The aim of this study was to explore the nature of spiritual concerns in cancer patients undergoing palliative care in a hospice in India. Materials and Methods: The methodology used was a qualitative method: Interpretive phenomenological analysis. A semi-structured interview guide was used to collect data, based on Indian and western literature reports. Certain aspects like karma and pooja, relevant to Hindus, were included. Theme saturation was achieved on interviewing 10 participants. Results: The seven most common spiritual concerns reported were benefit of pooja, faith in God, concern about the future, concept of rebirth, acceptance of one′s situation, belief in karma, and the question "Why me?" No participant expressed four of the concerns studied: Loneliness, need of seeking forgiveness from others, not being remembered later, and religious struggle. Conclusions: This study confirms that there are spiritual concerns reported by patients receiving palliative care. The qualitative descriptions give a good idea about these experiences, and how patients deal with them. The study indicates the need for adequate attention to spiritual aspects during palliative care.

  6. A SCIENTIFIC AND ANALYTICAL APPROACH ON ‘SNIGDHA AGNIKARMA’

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    Ravishankar.A.G

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Anushastra karmas such as Kshara karma, Agnikarma and Raktamokshana are said to have immediate and long lasting results. Agnikarma is mainly indicated in Ruja pradhana, Vata and Kaphaja vyadhis. Pancha dhatu shalaka has been used on a regular basis for the purpose of Agnikarma irrespective of the structure involved or level of the pathology. But more than 80 % of painful conditions are related to locomotory system which comprises Sandhi, Asthi, Sira and Snayus. These are considered as Gambheera dhatus and Dahanopakaranas mentioned for the diseases of these locations are Snigdha dravyas such as Kshaudra, Guda, Taila, Vasa, Madhuchista etc. When the thermal behavior of the Snigdha dravyas and Pancha dhatu shalaka were studied by direct methods employed in temperature measurement, Pancha dhatu shalaka requires considerably higher temperature (235oC-240oC to become red hot, than that of the Snigdha dravyas to get boil (140oC-160oC. But Snigdha dravyas has got higher Latent heat than Pancha dhatu shalaka. The heat dissipation rate is about 2oC in Snigdha dravyas and is 4oC-6oC in Pancha dhatu shalaka. So in conditions like Vertebral disc prolapse, Calcaneal spur, Tendinitis etc. if Agnikarma performed with Snigdha dravyas, it will give better result than Pancha dhatu shalaka as they have the deep heat penetration capacity for longer periods.

  7. Effect of Buddhist Awareness on Ancient Japanese Fictions and Culture Cause%日本古代小说的佛学烙印与文化成因

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    勾艳军

    2011-01-01

    Buddhist awareness had a large influence on ancient Japanese fictions, the Pure Land, Anicca and Karma are three most typical aspects. The Pure Land belief is the mainstream of Japanese Buddhism with obvious characteristics of "this life". In Heian tales, Pure Land becomes spiritual support to redeem people from the suffering. In Middle - Age war tales, Pure Land belief is closely linked with death, as people' s ultimate concern for a happy afterlife in war turmoil. Anicca, an important factor in Middle -Age war tales, is not only a perceptual sigh for impermanent human lives but also theoretically explains the social law, that is to say,"when a thing reaches its extreme, it reverses its course", what' s more, it becomes warriers views of life and death stemmed from personal experiences. The history of Japanese fictions is permeated with the thought of Karma. Karma, Samsara, Reincarnation and other Buddhism factors bred Japanese popular teratology. These teratologies shows a trend to combine with the Confucian viewpoint of encouraging virtue and punishing evils.%日本古代小说大都具有浓郁的佛学色彩,净土、无常、果报是最典型的三个侧面。净土思想是日本佛教的主流且具有明显的现世特征:平安物语的净土信仰成为救赎宫廷贵族脱离苦难的精神支柱;中世战记物语的净土信仰多与死亡紧密相连,成为对战乱中人们渴求来世幸福的终极关怀。无常是日本小说尤其是中世物语中最浓墨重彩的一笔,无常既是对人间永无常住的感性叹息,也是对盛者必衰社会法则的理论解释,更成为武家社会切身感受的“生死观”。因果报应思想贯穿日本小说史的始终,它与宿世、轮回、转生等观念互为表里,成为孕育日本怪异小说流行的土壤之一,并表现出与儒家劝惩观念相结合的世俗化趋势。

  8. ORIGIN OF SURGERY: A HISTORY OF EXPLORATION OF PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY

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    Panigrahi

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The Sushruta Samhita, Charaka samhita and Astanga sangraha are the tri compendia of Ayurveda encompassing all the aspects of Ayurveda. Plastic surgery (Sandhana karma is a very old branch of surgery described since Vedic era. Almost all the Samhitas described about the methods of Sandhana Karma (Plastic and reconstructive surgery. Now a day the world recognizes the pioneering nature of Sushruta’s plastic and reconstructive surgery and Sushruta is regarded as Father of Plastic surgery. The plastic operations of ear (otoplasty and Rhinoplasty (Plastic Surgery of nose are described in the 16th Chapter of first book (Sutrasthan of the compendium. First methods are described for piercing the earlobes of an infant which still is a widespread practice in India. Sushruta has described 15 methods of joining these cup-up ear lobes. For this plastic operation called karna bedha, a piece of skin was taken from the cheek, turned back, and suitably stitches the lobules. Sushruta has also described Rhinoplasty (Nasa Sandhana. Portion of the nose to be covered should be first measured with a leaf. Then a piece of skin of the required size should be dissected from the living skin of the cheek and turned back to cover the nose, keeping a small pedicle attaches to the cheek. The part of nose to which the skin is to be attached should be made raw by cutting of the nasal stump with a knife. The surgeon then should place the skin on the nose and stitch the two parts swiftly, keeping the skin properly elevated by inserting two tubes of eranda (castor oil plant in each part of nostril so that the new nose gets proper shape. It should then be sprinkled with a powder composed of liquorices, red sandalwood, and barberry plant. Finally it should be covered with cotton and clean sesame oil should be constantly applied to it. Sushruta also mentioned the reconstruction of the broken lip and hare-lip (ostha Sandhana.These descriptions are brief in nature in comparison to

  9. Facing up to disability

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    Tom Shakespeare

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Ways of thinking about and responding to disability have radically changed in recent decades. Traditionally, disability was regarded in terms of sin, karma, or divine punishment. More recently, disability was made a medical issue and defined in terms of shortcomings of body or mind, which had to be prevented or cured at all costs. In the late 20th century, people with disabilities worldwide became more organised and created national and international disabled people’s organisations. They successfully demanded that disability be seen as a matter of equal opportunities and human rights, a shift which has now been described in the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. This is a global treaty which has so far been signed by 155 states and passed into law by 127.

  10. Interpreting the Diamond Way: Contemporary Convert Buddhism in Transition

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    Burkhard Scherer

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper addresses the broader issues of continuity and change during the transition of Tibetan Buddhism from Asia to the West. It looks at the Diamond Way, a contemporary Karma bKa' brgyud lay movement founded by the Danish lay teacher Ole Nydahl. The paper aims to open this area of study by employing a balanced approach between a hermeneutics of suspicion and a hermeneutics of trust, and by adding the historical-critical approach of Tibetan Buddhist Studies to the perspectives of sociology and cultural anthropology. Acknowledging Nydahl as both a charismatic and controversial figure within contemporary Buddhism, the discussion focuses on notions of lay and yogi Buddhism in the Diamond Way and on the question of westernization in Diamond Way practices. The paper concludes by raising questions about the future, continuity and change of Nydahl's heritage after his death.

  11. Macho Buddhism: Gender and Sexualities in the Diamond Way

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    Burkhard Scherer

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Western Tibetan Buddhist movements have been described as bourgeois and puritanical in previous scholarship. In contrast, Ole Nydahl’s convert lay Karma Kagyu Buddhist movement, the Diamond Way, has drawn attention for its apparently hedonistic style. Focussing on the interpretation of Nydahl’s approach to gender and sexualities, this paper addresses the wider issues of continuity and change during the transition of Tibetan Buddhism from Asia to the West. Nydahl’s pre-modern gender stereotyping, the hetero-machismo of the Diamond Way and the mildly homophobic tone and content of Nydahl’s teaching are interpreted on the background of Indian and Tibetan Buddhist sexual ethics and traditional Tibetan cultural attitudes on sexualities. By excavating the emic genealogy of Nydahl’s teachings, the paper suggests that Nydahl’s and the Diamond Way’s view on and performance of gender and sexualities are consistent with his propagation of convert Buddhist neo-orthodoxy.

  12. Escribir sin premios

    OpenAIRE

    Rovetto, Pedro; Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Cali

    2013-01-01

    Cuando era niño y adolescente gané los únicos premios de literatura que me correspondían, o eso parece hasta ahora. En primaria gané uno del enemérito Cuerpo de Bomberos por una composición que me había escrito mi tía Lola quien siempre creyó en mis habilidades literarias. Quizás esa infantil estafa me llenó de karma negativo para la sequía de premios que he vivido. El último año de bachillerato fue mi Annus mirabilis para premios literarios. En un año y un solo concurso ocupé el primer, segu...

  13. Boundary control of bidomain equations with state-dependent switching source functions in the ionic model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chamakuri, Nagaiah; Engwer, Christian; Kunisch, Karl

    2014-09-01

    Optimal control for cardiac electrophysiology based on the bidomain equations in conjunction with the Fenton-Karma ionic model is considered. This generic ventricular model approximates well the restitution properties and spiral wave behavior of more complex ionic models of cardiac action potentials. However, it is challenging due to the appearance of state-dependent discontinuities in the source terms. A computational framework for the numerical realization of optimal control problems is presented. Essential ingredients are a shape calculus based treatment of the sensitivities of the discontinuous source terms and a marching cubes algorithm to track iso-surface of excitation wavefronts. Numerical results exhibit successful defibrillation by applying an optimally controlled extracellular stimulus.

  14. Loving Water: In Service of a New Water Ethic

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    Elizabeth McAnally

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, I argue that a new water ethic is needed in light of the global water crisis, an ethic that responds to contemporary water issues as it draws from the values embedded within the rich religious and spiritual traditions of the world. This paper explores how a new water ethic could gain much from the Hindu concept seva (loving service that arises from the traditions of bhakti yoga (loving devotion and karma yoga (altruistic service. Drawing from David Haberman’s work with the Yamuna River of Northern India, I investigate how the concept of seva has been recently used in the context of environmental activism that promotes restoration efforts of the Yamuna River, a river worshiped by many as a goddess of love.

  15. Food masquerade.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bermingham, Ann

    2010-01-01

    Radishes cut to look like roses, watermelons carved into fruit baskets, apples made into swans, cakes frosted to look like dolls—when did this game of food masquerade start and how? This essay speculates about food's on-going history of disguise, of pretending to be what it's not. From the Renaissance courtier's delight in confections disguised as beasts, birds, and other fancies to our present day fascination with Japanese bento lunch boxes, food masquerade would seem to be a fanciful part of the history of food.Food masquerade injects some levity into our growing seriousness about food, our suspicion that most supermarket food is riddled with toxins and bad karma. It proposes that eating food should be fun. Food masquerade also gets to the very heart of artistic visual representation: the magical transformation of paint, clay or wood into an image of something else. It is a synecdoche for art itself.

  16. Enflasyon Ortamında Mamul Fiyatlandırması

    OpenAIRE

    Güneş, Recep

    2013-01-01

    Fiyatlandırma konusu farklı bilim dallarında farklı varsayımlaradayandırılarak açıklanmaya çalışılırken, uygulama alanındamaliyet artı metodunun önemli bir yer tuttuğu yapılan saha çalışmalarındaortaya konulmuştur. Maliyet artı kar metodunun genelolarak enflasyonun olmadığı ortamlarda kolayca uygulanabilirken,maliyetlerin sürekli değiştiği enflasyon ortamında fiyatlandırmadaha da karmaşık bir görünüm arz etmektedir. Bu çalışmada,enflasyon ortamında maliyet artı kar metodunun uygulanabilirliği...

  17. Unstable spiral waves and local Euclidean symmetry in a model of cardiac tissue

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marcotte, Christopher D.; Grigoriev, Roman O. [School of Physics, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia 30332 (United States)

    2015-06-15

    This paper investigates the properties of unstable single-spiral wave solutions arising in the Karma model of two-dimensional cardiac tissue. In particular, we discuss how such solutions can be computed numerically on domains of arbitrary shape and study how their stability, rotational frequency, and spatial drift depend on the size of the domain as well as the position of the spiral core with respect to the boundaries. We also discuss how the breaking of local Euclidean symmetry due to finite size effects as well as the spatial discretization of the model is reflected in the structure and dynamics of spiral waves. This analysis allows identification of a self-sustaining process responsible for maintaining the state of spiral chaos featuring multiple interacting spirals.

  18. Study of Master Hong Yi's Ethical Thought of Buddhism%论弘一法师的佛教伦理思想

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭洁

    2012-01-01

    The article discusses the basic content of Master Hong Yi' s ethical thought of Buddhism from four perspectives.And it points out that there are two features of this thought.One focuses on the Buddhist which is blended in the Confucian doctrine and the other on the deep belief of karma.Hence the realistic significance of Master Hong Yi' s ethical thought of Buddhism lies in the world harmony and individual moral nurture.%弘一法师的佛教伦理思想有两个特点:一是佛法为主,融合儒释;二是因果报应,深信不爽。其现实意义则在于世界和谐与个人德性修养。

  19. Transpersonale onderwys van die New Agebeweging: 'n evaluering en perspektiefstelling

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    Jeannette Steyn

    1993-03-01

    Full Text Available After analysing Transpersonal Education as a view espoused by the New Age, the conclusions reached were that * Transpersonal Education is a spiritual event, an experience of a new awareness characterised by the incarnation of the sacred; further, * the teacher should bring about this awareness in the child by spiritual transformation through karma, darma and rituals such as yoga and meditation. According to this school of thought self-actualization stimulates the power in oneself and unleashes dark forces deep inside the soul. This point of view implies human autonomy and the power to govern human affairs by the human spirit. It is therefore an inevitable conclusion that Transpersonal Education as the view of the New Age accentuates the spiritual character of man and therefore minimizes the other functions of man, so that Transpersonal Education can not be regarded as anything other than educationally unbalanced and ScripturaUy unsound.

  20. Reflecting on Jesus’ teaching on forgiveness from a positive psychological perspective

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    Eben Scheffler

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available In its quest for a non-medical, pro-health approach to psychotherapy, positive psychology surprisingly focuses on concepts that are biblical and specifically present in the teaching of Jesus of Nazareth. In this paper,(1 the teaching of Jesus in the synoptic tradition on forgiveness will be compared to recent positive psychological approaches (e.g. McCullough & Witvliet; attention will be paid to the (2 contexts of forgiveness (interpersonal and/or political; (3 the (philosophical positive or negative judgement on forgiveness as a positive notion (e.g. the Buddhist concept of karma, [e.g. Arendt, Deridda, Wolterstorff]; (4 the (perceived positive role of forgiveness in psychotherapy; (5 the ‘techniques’ or method of forgiveness when the latter seems difficult; and (6 the relation between forgiveness and religion or spirituality.

  1. Bioethics for clinicians: 19. Hinduism and Sikhism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coward, H; Sidhu, T

    2000-10-31

    Hindus and Sikhs constitute important minority communities in Canada. Although their cultural and religious traditions have profound differences, they both traditionally take a duty-based rather than rights-based approach to ethical decision-making. These traditions also share a belief in rebirth, a concept of karma (in which experiences in one life influence experiences in future lives), an emphasis on the value of purity, and a holistic view of the person that affirms the importance of family, culture, environment and the spiritual dimension of experience. Physicians with Hindu and Sikh patients need to be sensitive to and respectful of the diversity of their cultural and religious assumptions regarding human nature, purity, health and illness, life and death, and the status of the individual.

  2. Determination compliance abilities of some triticale varieties and comparison with wheat in Southeastern Anatolia conditions of Turkey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kendal, Enver; Tekdal, Sertaç; Aktas, Hüsnü; Karaman, Mehmet

    2014-01-01

    In this research, were used 3 triticale varieties (Tacettinbey, Karma 2000 and Presto), one durum (Sariçanak 98) and one bread (Nurkent) wheat varieties. The study, was randomized as complete block design with four replications in 4 location (southeastern Anatolia of Turkey) and under rainfed conditions during the growing season 2010-2011. With an analysis of variance, significant differences were determined among locations, genotypes and genotype x location interactions at the 1% and 5% level. Following results were obtained: period to heading 109 till 113 days, plant height between 96 and 127 cm, hectoliter weight between 68.2 and 81.7 kg/hl, thousand grain weight between 32.9 and 42.7 g, protein content between 13.3 and 14.7%, humidty kernels at harvest between 9.2 and 9.5% and grain yield between 4409 and 6119 kg/ha(-1). The highest grain yield was obtained with Sariçanak 98 (durum wheat variety) while the best thousant grain weight was obtained by the triticale variety Tacettinbey. The triticale variety Karma 2000 showed higher protein content (14.7%) than other the other triticale varieties as well as durum and bread wheat varieties included trial. For the Southeastern Anatolia Region he results of this study demonstrated that the grain yield of triticale varieties were lower compared to common wheat. Nevertheless the triticale grain yield was higher than these of durum and bread wheat varieties under the more extrem (higher temperature and drought) growing conditions of the Kiziltepe region. For triticale the highest mean grain yield has been obtained fwith the variety Tacettinbey which is spring type. New sping type vatieties are more suitable than wheat for the more extreme growing conditions of the Southeastern Anatolia Region.

  3. Fighting cancer is half the battle... living life is the other half

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    Pahwa Manasi

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore the psychological and social problems the terminally ill are facing in India. Another objective of this study was to explore the Locus of Control and Depression. AIMS: The study was conducted on an incidentally available sample of fifteen terminally ill patients at the Pain Clinic, I.R.C.H., AIIMS, ranging from young adults (30-35 years, to middle aged (40-50 years, to the elderly (55-65 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A thematic and narrative analysis was done using semi-structured interview. After the semi-structured interview, two standardized inventories were administered. The two inventories used were Multidimensional Health Locus of Control, and Beck′s Depression Inventory. The statements from the two inventories were translated into Hindi and then asked. The inventories were not given as a questionnaire to be filled; rather they were asked orally and marked by the investigator. RESULTS: The co-relation between Internal Health Locus of Control and Depression was found to be significant below the 0.05 level. Statistics also revealed that a large number of participants were either severely depressed (33.33% or extremely depressed (20%. The seven common themes running through all the narratives were identified; Concern for physical pain; Anxiety and Depression; Body-image problems; Social withdrawal; Disease viewed as bad ′karma′; Desire for hastened death; and lastly Hope. CONCLUSION: This article would create greater awareness among all the concerned people working with cancer patients on what intervention strategies should be utilized to help the patients, as well as, how the belief in karma can help gain a more positivistic outlook towards death and the core role spirituality and the belief in karma can play in the counseling of the patients and their families.

  4. BAHASA JAWA SEBAGAI PENGUNGKAP KEARIFAN LOKAL MASYARAKAT SAMIN DI KABUPATEN BLORA

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    Hari Bakti Mardikantoro

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakArtikel ini bertujuan untuk mengilustrasikan bagaimana bahasa tidak bisa dilepaskan dengan budaya masyarakat penuturnya. Penelitian ini dilakukan dalam komunitas Samin. Penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa Jawa yang digunakan oleh masyarakat Samin bisa menjelaskan fenomena hubungan antara bahasa dan budaya masyarakat penuturnya. Bahasa Jawa ini sangat kental dengan budaya masyarakat Samin. Kearifan lokal yang diungkap dengan bahasa Jawa meliputi ajaran tentang larangan mengumbar hawa nafsu, ajaran agar tidak berbuat jahat, ajaran tentang larangan menyakiti orang lain, ajaran tentang panutan hidup, ajaran tentang memegang teguh ucapan, ajaran tentang hukum karma, ajaran tentang kejujuran, ajaran tentang agama, ajaran tentang hal yang mustahil, ajaran tentang hak milik dan istri, ajaran tentang berbakti pada orangtua, ajaran tentang melestarikan lingkungan, dan ajaran tentang etika kerja.  AbstractThis article illustrates how a language  cannot be separated from its speaker’s culture. The research was conducted among Javanese Samin community. The research result reveals that Javanese language used by Samin society can explain the phenomenon of the relation between speaker’s language and their culture. This Javanese language is very closely related with Samin culture. The local wisdom expressed in Javanese language contain various teaching, such as on how to keep passions under control, shall not cheat, shall not hurt others, on guidance of live, on how to keep promise, on karma law, on honesty, on religious precepts, on impossible thing, on the belonging of someone as wealth and woman, on how to devote parents, on how to conserve environment, and also about work ethics.  © 2013 Universitas Negeri Semarang

  5. Producción y calidad de forraje de variedades de avena en condiciones de temporal en Zacatecas, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo A. Sánchez Gutiérrez

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Se evaluó la pro ducción, calidad y componentes de rendimiento de seis variedades de avena forrajera en Zacatecas. Los experimentos se establecieron en julio de 2011 y 2012 en el municipio de Monte Escobedo. El dise ño experimental fue bloques completos al azar con tres repeticiones, la densidad de siembra fue 120 kg ha -1 y dosis de fertilización de 60-40-00 de N, P 2 O 5 , K. La cosecha fue en estado fisiológico lechoso-masoso. En 2011 y 2012, La variedad Saía sobresalió ( P 0.05 entre variedades con un rango de 10.6 a 13.8 %. En los dos años de estudio Karma presentó las mejores características nutricionales: baja acumulación de fibra detergente neutr o (51 % y acida (33.4 y 35.3 %, valores altos en total de nutrientes digestibles (54 y 58 %, digestibilidad de la materia seca (60 y 62 %, valor relativo del forraje (110 y 113 y energía neta para lactación (1.4 y 1.34 Mcal/kg; P <0.05. Las variables asociadas de manera positiva con forraje seco fueron altura de planta (r=0.701, días a co secha (r=0.685 y proporción de tallo (r=0.629, y negativamente con proporción de espiga (r=-0.629. En calidad nut ricional Karma tuvo mejor valor forrajero. Saia es una buena alternativa para incrementar el rendimiento de forraje por hectárea.

  6. The Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP and an Application: The Selection of a Library Director as a Leader Analitik Hiyerarşi Süreci (AHS ve Bir Uygulama: Lider bir Kütüphane Müdürü Seçimi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murat Yılmaz

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available The librarians have to take various decisions to deal with the problems met in library and information centers. Before having made the decisions, the librarians should firstly define the problem with all details. If the librarians have clear information about the relevant problem, they can easily define and solve it. But the problems met by librarians in library and information centers sometimes may have a complex and an unclear structure. The librarians need a powerful method to deal with such a problem having a complex and an unclear structure. This method may be Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP. The main purpose of this study is to explain how to use the AHP. Furthermore, in this study it is also explained how to select a library director as a leader. Kütüphane ve bilgi merkezlerinde karşılaşılan problemlerin üstesinden gelmek için kütüphaneciler, çeşitli kararlar almak zorundadır. Karar vermek için kütüphanecilerin öncelikle problemi tanımlaması gerekir. Kütüphanecilerin problemle ilgili net verilere sahip olmaları söz konusu problemin tanımlanmasını ve çözümünü kolaylaştırır. Fakat kütüphanecilerin kütüphane ve bilgi merkezlerinde karşılaştıkları sorunlara ilişkin veriler bazen karmaşık ve belirsiz bir yapıda olabilir. Kütüphanecilerin karmaşık ve belirsiz bir yapıya sahip bu tür problemlerin üstesinden gelmeleri için güçlü bir yöntemden yararlanması gerekir. Bu yöntem, Analitik Hiyerarşi Süreci (AHS olabilir. Bu araştırmanın temel amacı, AHS yönteminden nasıl yararlanılacağını açıklamaktır. Araştırmamızda ayrıca AHS yöntemiyle lider bir kütüphane müdürünün nasıl seçileceği de açıklanmıştır.

  7. The Caulobacter crescentus phage phiCbK: genomics of a canonical phage

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    Gill Jason J

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The bacterium Caulobacter crescentus is a popular model for the study of cell cycle regulation and senescence. The large prolate siphophage phiCbK has been an important tool in C. crescentus biology, and has been studied in its own right as a model for viral morphogenesis. Although a system of some interest, to date little genomic information is available on phiCbK or its relatives. Results Five novel phiCbK-like C. crescentus bacteriophages, CcrMagneto, CcrSwift, CcrKarma, CcrRogue and CcrColossus, were isolated from the environment. The genomes of phage phiCbK and these five environmental phage isolates were obtained by 454 pyrosequencing. The phiCbK-like phage genomes range in size from 205 kb encoding 318 proteins (phiCbK to 280 kb encoding 448 proteins (CcrColossus, and were found to contain nonpermuted terminal redundancies of 10 to 17 kb. A novel method of terminal ligation was developed to map genomic termini, which confirmed termini predicted by coverage analysis. This suggests that sequence coverage discontinuities may be useable as predictors of genomic termini in phage genomes. Genomic modules encoding virion morphogenesis, lysis and DNA replication proteins were identified. The phiCbK-like phages were also found to encode a number of intriguing proteins; all contain a clearly T7-like DNA polymerase, and five of the six encode a possible homolog of the C. crescentus cell cycle regulator GcrA, which may allow the phage to alter the host cell’s replicative state. The structural proteome of phage phiCbK was determined, identifying the portal, major and minor capsid proteins, the tail tape measure and possible tail fiber proteins. All six phage genomes are clearly related; phiCbK, CcrMagneto, CcrSwift, CcrKarma and CcrRogue form a group related at the DNA level, while CcrColossus is more diverged but retains significant similarity at the protein level. Conclusions Due to their lack of any apparent relationship to

  8. Reentry produced by small-scale heterogeneities in a discrete model of cardiac tissue

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alonso, Sergio; Bär, Markus

    2016-06-01

    Reentries are reexcitations of cardiac tissue after the passing of an excitation wave which can cause dangerous arrhythmias like tachycardia or life-threatening heart failures like fibrillation. The heart is formed by a network of cells connected by gap junctions. Under ischemic conditions some of the cells lose their connections, because gap junctions are blocked and the excitability is decreased. We model a circular region of the tissue where a fraction of connections among individual cells are removed and substituted by non-conducting material in a two-dimensional (2D) discrete model of a heterogeneous excitable medium with local kinetics based on electrophysiology. Thus, two neighbouring cells are connected (disconnected) with a probability ϕ (1 - ϕ). Such a region is assumed to be surrounded by homogeneous tissue. The circular heterogeneous area is shown to act as a source of new waves which reenter into the tissue and reexcitate the whole domain. We employ the Fenton-Karma equations to model the action potential for the local kinetics of the discrete nodes to study the statistics of the reentries in two dimensional networks with different topologies. We conclude that the probability of reentry is determined by the proximity of the fraction of disrupted connections between neighboring nodes (“cells”) in the heterogeneous region to the percolation threshold.

  9. Çok Etmenli Sistemlerde NetLogo İle Karınca Kolonisi Optimizasyonu

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    Mustafa Tüker

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Çok etmenli sistemler (ÇES, karmaşık optimizasyon problemlerinin modellenmesi ve çözülmesi için etkin bir yol sunarlar. Bu çalışmada, Gezgin Satıcı Problemi (GSP'ni çözmek için ÇES ve karınca kolonileri birlikte kullanılmıştır. Sistem benzetimi, etmen tabanlı bir programlama ortamı olan NetLogo ile gerçekleştirilmiştir. Problemin modellenmesi ve benzetimi için NetLogo'nun nasıl kullanılacağı kodlarla ayrıntılı olarak açıklanmıştır. Algoritma farklı düğüm sayıları için denenmiş ve elde edilen sonuçlar tartışılmıştır.

  10. Hinduism and death with dignity: historic and contemporary case examples.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dewar, Rajan; Cahners, Nancy; Mitchell, Christine; Forrow, Lachlan

    2015-01-01

    An estimated 1.2 to 2.3 million Hindus live in the United States. End-of-life care choices for a subset of these patients may be driven by religious beliefs. In this article, we present Hindu beliefs that could strongly influence a devout person's decisions about medical care, including end-of-life care. We provide four case examples (one sacred epic, one historical example, and two cases from current practice) that illustrate Hindu notions surrounding pain and suffering at the end of life. Chief among those is the principle of karma, through which one reaps the benefits and penalties for past deeds. Deference to one's spouse or family is another important Hindu value, especially among Hindu women, which can impact the decision-making process and challenge the Western emphasis on autonomy. In addition, the Hindu embrace of astrology can lead to a desire to control the exact time of death. Confounding any generalizations, a Hindu patient may reject or accept treatments based on the individual patient's or family's interpretation of any given tradition. Through an awareness of some of the fundamental practices in Hinduism and the role of individual interpretation within the tradition, clinicians will be better able to support their Hindu patients and families at the end of life.

  11. Knowledge, Beliefs and Perception of Leprosy

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    Nidhi Jaswal

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: For intervention to be effective, it is essential that the knowledge, beliefs and perception of a specific social group are taken into account. This is particularly true of leprosy where the problems of social stigma and ostracism are more prominent than the disease itself. There are many misconceptions about the cause, methods of transmission, and treatment. The main objectives of the study were to examine the socio-demographic profile of persons with leprosy and to explore their knowledge, beliefs and perception about the disease and its initial symptoms, within a specific socio-cultural milieu. Method: Semi-structured interviews were held with a persons with leprosy at various clinics and care-homes for affected persons in and around Chandigarh, India. Those who had completed their treatment and those who were still undergoing treatment were included in the study. Data collection was done through case studies and in-depth interviews. Results: The name of the disease varied across different geo-cultural zones. Many respondents who were afflicted with only red patches and had no ulcers, believed that they suffered from a skin disease which would turn into leprosy if proper medication was not received. The perception of 64.9 % of the respondents was that leprosy resulted from supernatural causes like God’s punishment, karma, and sin. Conclusion: There is a need to educate persons with leprosy and their families about the etiology of the disease.

  12. Understanding community beliefs of Chinese-Australians about cancer: initial insights using an ethnographic approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yeo, Soo See; Meiser, Bettina; Barlow-Stewart, Kristine; Goldstein, David; Tucker, Katherine; Eisenbruch, Maurice

    2005-03-01

    Ethnography was employed to investigate the hypothesis that the cultural meaning of cancer is one of the possible barriers to access of cancer services. The objectives were to identify indigenous terminologies, taxonomies and illness explanatory models of cancer in a community-based sample of 15 Chinese-Australians and a sample of 16 informants who had been recruited through two Sydney familial cancer clinics. Many of the informants included in their narrative terms that seemed to match Western biomedical explanations for cancer. The majority of informants also maintained traditional Chinese beliefs, despite high acculturation and beliefs in biomedical explanations about cancer. Explanations of illness including cancer, referred to the following concepts: (i) karma (yeh), (ii) retribution (bao ying), (iii) fate (ming yun) or Heaven's or God's will, (iv) geomancy (feng-shui), (v) touched evil (zhong chia), (vi) misfortune or bad luck (shui wan, dong hark); (vii) offending the gods or deities requiring prayers or offerings for appeasement; and (viii) kong-tau (spells invoked through human intervention). Taking into consideration the heterogeneity of the Chinese population, the findings provide an insight into Chinese illness conceptualization that may assist health professionals to develop an understanding of how the cultural explanatory models affect access to screening services, communication of diagnosis of cancer and management of treatment regimen. Copyright 2004 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  13. xPROT : NESNE-YÖNELİMLİ PROTOTİPLEME MODELİ

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    A. Nuri BAŞOĞLU

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available İlişkisel veri tabanları bilgiişlem uygulamalarında standart olmaya başlamasına rağmen, karmaşık veri modellemesinin gereklerini yerine getirmek için nesne yönelimli sistemler geliştirilmektedir. Bu makalede, hızlı program geliştirmek için kullanılabilecek, nesne-tabanlı bir sistem, xPROT tanıtılmaktadır. Sistem bazı önceden tanımlanmış metod ve Menu, Report, View, Table gibi sınıfları içermektedir. xPROT'da veri şeması olduğu kadar, veri işleme de aynı komut bazlı dil ile ifade edilmektedir. Sistemin ifade yeterliliği, kolaylığı ve esnekliği, veri modelleme gücü açısından incelenmektedir.

  14. 新媒体环境下高校校报的革新与发展%Discussion on the Dilemma of college newspapers in the New Media Environment, Integration of development initiatives and Innovation strategies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶云峰

    2015-01-01

    在网络媒体和移动媒体等新媒体不断涌现形势下,高校校报作为校园主流媒体,陷入了发展困境,正面临着巨大挑战与发展机遇,高校校报应不断加快与新媒体融合,开拓新的发展举措,同时加快自我革新,探索在新媒体环境下的发展对策。%In the network media and new media such as removable media in the emerging situation, the school newspaper as a campus mainstream media, in developing predicament, is facing enormous challenges and opportunities for development, university - Karma accelerating integration with the new media, open up new development initiatives, while accelerating self - innovation, exploration on the development countermeasures in the new media environment.

  15. Impact of culture on healthcare seeking behavior of Asian Indians.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gupta, Vidya Bhushan

    2010-01-01

    Healthcare seeking behavior is a dynamic process that evolves through the stages of self evaluation of symptoms, self treatment, seeking professional advice and acting on professional advice. (Weaver, 1970) This article explores the influence of culture at each of these stages in the context of Asian Indian culture. Although Asian-Indians constitute only 1.5% of the US population they are among the fastest growing minorities in the United States. Through the example of Asian Indian culture this article informs the clinicians that at the initial visit they should explore what the symptoms mean to the patient and what modalities including complementary and alternative (CAM) were used by the patient to address them and at subsequent visits they should explore how their advise was filtered through the prism of the patient's culture and what was adhered to and what was not. In the case of disability and death the clinicians should explore religious beliefs such as karma that help the patient in coping.

  16. Editorial

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2012-01-01

    Biking to work: leave your car at home        Focusing on the environmental and health benefits of using your bike as a means of transportation, Jens Vigen and Yngve Inntjore Levinsen have started two initiatives this year: both a ten-month individual challenge, and a summer team competition to get each and every CERNois out in the saddle this year. The first competition started at the beginning of March with the unofficial Bike2Work challenge, which lasts all year long. Using the Endomondo training application, participants report  the number of kilometres they travel daily while commuting to work by bike. The winner will be the person with the most kilometres, and is promised a lot of good karma coming her or his way. “It is not too late to sign up,” Yngve insists. “It is as much about showing commitment and having fun, as it is about winning.” In June, CERN will officially participate in the natio...

  17. STUDY OF PREVENTIVE EFFECT OF PRATIMARSHA NASYA WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO ANU TAILAM (AN AYURVEDIC PREPARATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patil Y. R.

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Nasa (Nose is considered as one among the panchagnanendriya, whose functions are not only limited to olfaction and respiration but also considered as a pathway for drug administration. Since it is described as nose is the gateway for the shiras. Nasya karma is the special procedure where the drug is administered through that gateway. The medicine that is put into nostril moves in the channels & shows influence on shiras by removing out the accumulated doshas localized in shiras i.e., from all sinuses in the skull. In ayurvedic texts Pratimarsha, a type of Nasya is indicated as a daily regimen to keep maintain health of Nasal passage. ‘Anu Tailam’ is classical oil, indicated in Ashtang Hridaya (an authoritative text for various disorders of head, eyes, nose, ears and graying of hair. An open-label, placebo controlled, prospective, interventional, and exploratory clinical trial was carried out to evaluate the preventive effects of Anu Tailam. Experimental & placebo group contains 20 volunteers. Administration of Nasya therapy with “Anu tailam” for 30 days showed significant results on symptoms like tiredness, intensity of eyesight, capacity of senses, premature graying of hair, skin complexion. No considerable results obtained in placebo group.

  18. Gema Perdamaian: Tourism, Religion and Peace in Multicultural Bali

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    Shinji Yamashita

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available AbstractBalinese tourism has experienced serious challengesbecause of such negative incidents as the bombings bythe Muslim terrorists in the Balinese resort of Kuta in2002 and 2005. The inter-faith measures enacted as partof the crisis management for Balinese tourism after thebombings on 12 October 2002 are particularly interesting.These measures included joint- prayers to promote interreligiousharmony such as the prayer for world peace, DoaPerdamainan Dunia dari Bali (“Prayer for Peace of the Worldfrom Bali” on 21 October 2002, which was attended bythe minister of religious affairs, who is himself Muslim. Inthis event the bombings were then interpreted by Balineseas an expression of the anger of gods, a consequence ofbad karma. Therefore, a massive ceremony, involving themost powerful priests, was carried out on 15 November2002 in order to cleanse Bali of the trauma of the bombingand restore peace. Since then the “prayer for peace” (GemaPerdamaian, literally “Echo of Peace” has continued to beheld on 12 October every year. By focusing on this eventand the Balinese peace movement after the bombings,this paper discusses a new relationship between tourism,religion and peace within the framework of multiculturalBali in the age of transnationalism.

  19. Explanatory models in patients with first episode depression: a study from north India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grover, Sandeep; Kumar, Vineet; Chakrabarti, Subho; Hollikatti, Prabhakar; Singh, Pritpal; Tyagi, Shikha; Kulhara, Parmanand; Avasthi, Ajit

    2012-09-01

    The purpose of this work was to study the explanatory models of patients with first episode depression presenting to a tertiary care hospital located in North-western India. One hundred sixty four consecutive patients with diagnosis of first episode depression (except severe depression with psychotic symptoms) according to the International Classification of Diseases-10th Revision (ICD-10) and ≥18 years of age were evaluated for their explanatory models using the causal models section of Explanatory Model Interview Catalogue (EMIC). The most common explanations given were categorized into Karma-deed-heredity category (77.4%), followed by psychological explanations (62.2%), weakness (50%) and social causes (40.2%). Among the various specific causes the commonly reported explanations by at least one-fourth of the sample in decreasing order were: will of god (51.2%), fate/chance (40.9%), weakness of nerves (37.8%), general weakness (34.7%), bad deeds (26.2%), evil eye (24.4%) and family problems (21.9%). There was some influence of sociodemographic features on the explanations given by the patients. From the study, it can be concluded that patients with first episode depression have multiple explanatory models for their symptoms of depression which are slightly different than those reported in previous studies done from other parts of India. Understanding the multiple explanatory models for their symptoms of depression can have important treatment implications. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  20. YÜZEY İLİŞKİLERİ TABANLI PARÇA TANIMA YAKLAŞIMI İÇİN BİLGİ TABANI TASARIMI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adem ÇİÇEK

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Bu çalışmada, parça tanıma algoritmasında kullanılan bir uzman sistem için yeni bir bilgi tabanı tasarlanmıştır. Geliştirilen bilgi tabanındaki kurallarda temsil edilen her bir parçaya ait yüz komşuluk ilişkileri ve nitelikler parçanın STEP dosyasından elde edilen yüz komşuluk ilişkileri ve nitelikleri ile karşılaştırılarak parçalar bilgisayar programı tarafından tanınmaktadır. Ayrıca, sistemde geliştirilen bir otomatik kural yazma modülü ile bilgi tabanında temsil edilen kurallar türetilerek kural yazma işlemi oldukça kolaylaştırılmıştır. Parça tanıma sisteminde kullanılan bilgi tabanı ve otomatik kural yazma modülü ile basit, orta düzey ve karmaşık parçalar bir parça tanıma programı tarafından kolayca tanınabilmektedir.

  1. Phase-field-crystal model for fcc ordering.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Kuo-An; Adland, Ari; Karma, Alain

    2010-06-01

    We develop and analyze a two-mode phase-field-crystal model to describe fcc ordering. The model is formulated by coupling two different sets of crystal density waves corresponding to and reciprocal lattice vectors, which are chosen to form triads so as to produce a simple free-energy landscape with coexistence of crystal and liquid phases. The feasibility of the approach is demonstrated with numerical examples of polycrystalline and (111) twin growth. We use a two-mode amplitude expansion to characterize analytically the free-energy landscape of the model, identifying parameter ranges where fcc is stable or metastable with respect to bcc. In addition, we derive analytical expressions for the elastic constants for both fcc and bcc. Those expressions show that a nonvanishing amplitude of [200] density waves is essential to obtain mechanically stable fcc crystals with a nonvanishing tetragonal shear modulus (C11-C12)/2. We determine the model parameters for specific materials by fitting the peak liquid structure factor properties and solid-density wave amplitudes following the approach developed for bcc [K.-A. Wu and A. Karma, Phys. Rev. B 76, 184107 (2007)]. This procedure yields reasonable predictions of elastic constants for both bcc Fe and fcc Ni using input parameters from molecular dynamics simulations. The application of the model to two-dimensional square lattices is also briefly examined.

  2. Large-scale genotyping identifies a new locus at 22q13.2 associated with female breast size.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Jingmei; Foo, Jia Nee; Schoof, Nils; Varghese, Jajini S; Fernandez-Navarro, Pablo; Gierach, Gretchen L; Quek, Swee Tian; Hartman, Mikael; Nord, Silje; Kristensen, Vessela N; Pollán, Marina; Figueroa, Jonine D; Thompson, Deborah J; Li, Yi; Khor, Chiea Chuen; Humphreys, Keith; Liu, Jianjun; Czene, Kamila; Hall, Per

    2013-10-01

    Individual differences in breast size are a conspicuous feature of variation in human females and have been associated with fecundity and advantage in selection of mates. To identify common variants that are associated with breast size, we conducted a large-scale genotyping association meta-analysis in 7169 women of European descent across three independent sample collections with digital or screen film mammograms. The samples consisted of the Swedish KARMA, LIBRO-1 and SASBAC studies genotyped on iCOGS, a custom illumina iSelect genotyping array comprising of 211 155 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) designed for replication and fine mapping of common and rare variants with relevance to breast, ovary and prostate cancer. Breast size of each subject was ascertained by measuring total breast area (mm(2)) on a mammogram. We confirm genome-wide significant associations at 8p11.23 (rs10086016, p=1.3×10(-14)) and report a new locus at 22q13 (rs5995871, p=3.2×10(-8)). The latter region contains the MKL1 gene, which has been shown to impact endogenous oestrogen receptor α transcriptional activity and is recruited on oestradiol sensitive genes. We also replicated previous genome-wide association study findings for breast size at four other loci. A new locus at 22q13 may be associated with female breast size.

  3. Social media marketing strategy of Yerevan brandy company

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S.A. Movsisyan

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available This is quantitative and qualitative study based on secondary data. The secondary data includes daily, monthly, quarterly data of Yerevan Brandy company's social media websites and annual data of Facebook, LinkedIn, Instagram, Twitter, YouTube companies. The data was obtained from Alexa, Wolframalpha, Similarweb, Socialbakers, Quintly, Fanpage Karma, Facebook, LinkedIn, Instagram, Twitter, YouTube. The research paper consists of six parts: Introduction, Objectives and Methods, Experimental Section, Results and Analysis, Conclusion, References. The first part of the research paper presents the top social media sites in Armenia. The second part describes the type of data and analysis methods, objectives of the research paper. The third part presents the variables and software used in this study. The fourth part introduces the top keywords from search engines sending traffic to Ararat Brandy website, top 5 linking sites to Ararat Brandy website, total visits of website from October, 2015 to March, 2016, website traffic by countries (Q1, 2016, traffic sources (Q1, 2016, the analysis of Ararat Museum Facebook page performance, the analysis of Facebook posts by page metrics, Ararat Armenian Brandy's total Facebook fans, % change, change per weekday, Facebook fans by country, Facebook fans relative change in 2016, simple ordinary least squares (OLS linear regression analysis. Finally, the paper proposes recommendations for improving the Ararat Brandy's website, Facebook, Instagram, LinkedIn, Twitter, YouTube pages' performance.

  4. A CONCEPTUAL STUDY AND MANAGEMENT OF ARDHAVABHEDAKA WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO MIGRAINE

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    Chinnala Ramadevi

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Ayurveda is the science of life. The main aim of Ayurveda is to maintain health in healthy individuals and cures diseases in diseased persons. Siras is the seat of Pranavata, Aalochaka pitta and Tharpaka kapha. It is described as Uttamanga and important due to the presence of sense organs, central Nervous system and 37 marmas. Our ancient Acharyas described 11 types of siro rogas. Ardhavabhedaka is one among them. Ardhavabhedaka symptoms manifest in the half part of the head. The diet, present life style, irregular diet habits, fermented, pickled foods, baked items, chocolates, dairy products and changes in sleep pattern like awakening in night times due to night duties and sleeping in day time are predisposing factors of Ardhavabhedaka. The treatment modern system of medicine has complications like drowsiness, insomnia, depression, extra pyramidal activities, constriction of blood vessels are predisposes of cardiac problems. The Aim of the present study is to undertake a conceptual and scientific study on preventive and curative aspects of Ardhavabhedaka w.s.r. to Migraine. Treatment principles were Sodhana therapies, Shamana therapies, Rasayana sevana, Brumhana dravya sevana, mainly Nasya karma and preventive measures. The treatment prescribed for Ardhavabhedaka w.s.r. to Migraine in Ayurveda controls secretion of serotonin and proved to be effective in prevention and management of Ardhavabhedaka. Changes in lifestyle, diet, exercise and meditation are important than drugs.

  5. Nisâ Sûresi 65. Âyete Dair Abdülmecîd-i Sîvâsî’nin (971/1049-1563/1639 Bilinmeyen Bir Risalesi

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    mehmet çiçek

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Osmanlı dönemi tefsir geleneğine dair yapılan çalışmalar, henüz beklenilen ve hedeflenen noktadan uzak görünmektedir. Bu makale, bir nebze de olsa mevcut duruma işaret etme ve “bilinmeyeni” ortaya çıkarma hedefini gütmektedir.  Abdülmecid-i Sivasi’ye ait Nisa suresi 65. Ayete dair risaleyi ele aldığımız bu makalede eser hakkında bilgi vermeye çalıştık. Değerlendirmelerimizi ise metod ve içerik olmak üzere iki açıdan ele aldık. Risale, söz konusu Nisâ suresi 60 ila 65. ayetlerin münafıklar hakkında indirildiğine dikkat çekmektedir. Ayrıca Zübeyr b. Avvam’ın sebeb-i nüzûlle ilgili rivâyetine bir cevap vermeyi hedeflemiştir, diyebiliriz. Buna ilaveten risalenin Bedir ehlinin üstünlüğüne dair hassasiyeti dikkate aldığı söylenebilir.

  6. Understanding the Persistence of Caste: A Commentary on Cotterill, Sidanius, Bhardwaj and Kumar (2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yashpal A. Jogdand

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available We contextualise Cotterill, Sidanius, Bhardwaj, and Kumar’s (2014 paper within a broader literature on caste and collective mobilisation. Cotterill and colleagues’ paper represents a fresh and timely attempt to make sense of the persistence of caste from the perspective of Social Dominance Theory. Cotterill and colleagues, however, do not examine caste differences in the endorsement of karma, and take behavioural asymmetry among lower castes for granted. Cotterill and colleagues also adhere to a Varna model of the caste system that arguably is simplistic and benefits the upper castes of Indian society. We caution that emphasising behavioural asymmetry and endorsing the Varna model might further stigmatise lower castes, especially Dalits, and feed into a conformity bias already predominant in caste-related psychological research. We argue that the conceptualisation and operationalisation of Right-Wing Authoritarianism, Social Dominance Orientation and legitimising myths in the Indian context needs to take into account the particular meaning and functions of these constructs in specific intergroup contexts, and for identity positions salient within these contexts. We contend that any examination aimed at better understanding the nature of social hierarchy and oppression within the caste system and Indian society in general remains inconclusive without including a focus on the construction and contestation of social categories and social identities.

  7. Effect of an integrated approach of yoga therapy on quality of life in osteoarthritis of the knee joint: A randomized control study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ebnezar, John; Nagarathna, Raghuram; Bali, Yogitha; Nagendra, Hongasandra Ramarao

    2011-07-01

    This study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of addition of integrated yoga therapy to therapeutic exercises in osteoarthritis (OA) of knee joints. This was a prospective randomized active control trial. A total of t participants with OA of knee joints between 35 and 80 years (yoga, 59.56 ± 9.54 and control, 59.42 ± 10.66) from the outpatient department of Dr. John's Orthopedic Center, Bengaluru, were randomly assigned to receive yoga or physiotherapy exercises after transcutaneous electrical stimulation and ultrasound treatment of the affected knee joints. Both groups practiced supervised intervention (40 min per day) for 2 weeks (6 days per week) with followup for 3 months. The module of integrated yoga consisted of shithilikaranavyayama (loosening and strengthening), asanas, relaxation techniques, pranayama, meditation and didactic lectures on yama, niyama, jnana yoga, bhakti yoga, and karma yoga for a healthy lifestyle change. The control group also had supervised physiotherapy exercises. A total of 118 (yoga) and 117 (control) were available for final analysis. Significant differences were observed within (P yoga group than in the control group, both at 15(th) day and 90(th) day. An integrated approach of yoga therapy is better than therapeutic exercises as an adjunct to transcutaneous electrical stimulation and ultrasound treatment in improving knee disability and quality of life in patients with OA knees.

  8. Fundamental measure density functional theory study of hard spheres solid-liquid interface

    Science.gov (United States)

    Warshavsky, Vadim

    2005-03-01

    Interfacial free energy is an important characteristic of solid-liquid interface as it is one of the crucial parameters in many formula of interface thermodynamics such the nucleation theory. Previously different aspects of crystal-melt interfaces were intensively studied with simulations [1,2,3], but theoretical studies with Density Functional Theories (DFT) are inconclusive [4,5]. In this report the structure of hard spheres fcc crystal-melt interfaces and the anisotropy of the interfacial free energies are studied using the Rosenfeld's Fundamental Measure DFT as such a functional leads to reliable coexistence results not only for the hard sphere system but also for the Lennard-Jones systems [6]. The parameters of interfacial density profile were calculated by a proper minimization procedure. For the equilibrium density profile the interfacial free energies were compared with simulation results. 1. R.L.Davidchak and B.B.Laird, Phys.Rev.Lett., 85, 4751(2000). 2. J.J. Hoyt, M. Asta and A. Karma, Phys.Rev.Lett., 86, 5530 (2001). 3. J.R.Morris and X.Song, J.Chem.Phys., 119, 3920 (2003). 4. W.A.Curtin, Phys.Rev.B, 39, 6775(1989). 5. R.Ohnesorge, H.Lowen, and H.Wagner, Phys.Rev.E, 50, 4801 (1994). 6. V.Warshavsky and X.Song, Phys.Rev.E, 69, 061113 (2004).

  9. The Weird Style of Hong Kong Writer Li Bihua's Romantic Novels%论香港作家李碧华言情小说的诡异之风

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    古大勇; 陈晓兰

    2013-01-01

    The romantic novels by Li Bihua in Hong Kong had distinctively weird style, which embodied weird image, legendary framework and tragical ending. The causes of forming the weird style were the succession of the cultural of demons and ghosts by Li Bihua, criticizing the“Cultural Revolution”, faith to the karma and fatalism of Buddhism. The weird style could give the reader aesthetic impact of aestheticism and romantism, and aesthetic effect of defamiliarization.%香港作家李碧华的言情小说具有独特的诡异风格,主要体现为小说中呈现的奇诡的意象、多维的时空、传奇性的框架、悲剧收场的结局;之所以能形成这种诡异风格,是源于作者对传统妖鬼文化的继承、对“文革”的批判、对佛家因果报应和宿命观的信仰。诡异风格能给读者带唯美主义和浪漫主义的双重审美冲击,以及陌生化的审美效果。

  10. Satellite detection of IR precursors using bi-angular advanced along-track scanning radiometer data: a case study of Yushu earthquake

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Pan Xiong; Xuhui Shen; Xingfa Gu; Qingyan Meng; Yaxin Bi; Liming Zhao; Yanhua Zhao

    2015-01-01

    The paper has developed and proposed a synthesis analysis method based on the robust satellite data analysis technique (RST) to detect seismic anomalies within the bi-angular advanced along-track scanning radiometer (AATSR) gridded brightness temperature (BT)data based on spatial/temporal continuity analysis.The proposed methods have been applied to analyze the Yushu (Qinghai,China) earthquake occurred on 14th April 2010,and a full AATSR data-set of 8 years data from March 2003 to May 2010 with longitude from 91°E to 101°E and latitude from 28°N to 38°N has been analyzed.Combining with the tectonic explanation of spatial and temporal continuity of the abnormal phenomena,the analyzed results indicate that the infrared radiation anomalies detected by the AATSR BT data with nadir view appear and enhance gradually along with the development and occurring of the earthquake,especially along the Ganzi-Yushu fault,Nu River fault and Jiali-Chayu fault;more infrared anomalies along the earthquake fault zone (Lancangjiang fault and Ning Karma Monastery-Deqin fault) are detected using the proposed synthesis analysis method,which can also characterize the activity of seismic faults more precisely.

  11. Die Analyse der Überlieferungen Bezüglich des Zusammentreffens von Khalifen Omar und Uwais al-Qarani

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enbiya Yıldırım

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Her dinde sembolik bir hüviyet kazanan insanlar vardır. Bu kişiler kendi alanlarında gösterdikleri başarılar veya öne çıkan meziyetleri nedeniyle örnek olarak ilk zikredilen kimselerdir. İslam ahlakı bağlamında anneye iyilik dendiğinde de akla ilk gelen isim Uveys elKarenî’dir. Uveys’in gerek yaşayıp yaşamadığı ve gerekse onunla ilgili anlatılanlar rivayetlerde son derece karmaşık ve çelişik bilgiler içermektedir. Biz bu makalemizde Muslim’in Sahîh’inde onun faziletlerinden bahseden üç rivayeti gerçeklik bağlamında tahlil ettik. Böylece Uveys konulu çalışmalara bir katkı sağlamış olduk.

  12. SURGICAL PROCEDURES IN SUSHRUTA SAMHITA

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    Singh R.K

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available The Sushruta Samhita is an Ayurvedic text, by the legendary Sushruta, foundational to Ayurvedic medicine (Indian traditional medicine, with innovative chapters mainly on surgery. There is a general impression that Sushruta Samhita is only an ancient Indian Ayurvedic text book of surgery. Sushruta Samhita contains 184 chapters and description of 1120 illnesses, 700 medicinal plants, a detailed study on anatomy, 64 preparations from mineral sources and 57 preparations based on animal sources. It still retains the land mark position in the field of surgical texts. In addition to his worldwide known work of historical significance on plastic surgery, he also made similar unique contributions on numerous aspects of medicine, such as fracture and dislocations, urinary stones, skin diseases including leprosy, Pancha Karma (Purification procedures, toxicology, pediatrics, eye diseases, psychiatry, obstetrics and gynaecology, etc. A very limited conceptual work has been performed on the selected chapters of Sushruta Samhita. Therefore a review conceptual study has been carried out on the various surgical concepts of Sushruta Samhita. Outcome of this study shows, Sushruta Samhita is written in the aphorism form and the techniques described in it are eminently in line with technical abilities of the times. It is need of the hour to explore the hidden truth by decoding the versions of the texts.

  13. Traveling waves, two-phase fingers, and eutectic colonies in thin-sample directional solidification of a ternary eutectic alloy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akamatsu; Faivre

    2000-04-01

    We present an experimental investigation of the morphological transition of lamellar eutectic growth fronts called "formation of eutectic colonies" by the method of thin-sample directional solidification of a transparent model alloy, CBr4-C2Cl6. This morphological transition is due to the presence in the melt of traces of chemical components other than those of the base binary alloy (impurities). In this study, we use naphthalene as an impurity. The formation of eutectic colonies has generally been viewed as an impurity-driven Mullins-Sekerka instability of the envelope of the lamellar front. This traditional view neglects the strong interaction existing between the Mullins-Sekerka process and the dynamics of the lamellar pattern. This investigation brings to light several original features of the formation of eutectic colonies, in particular, the emission of long-wavelength traveling waves, and the appearance of dendritelike structures called two-phase fingers, which are connected with this interaction. We study the part played by these phenomena in the transition to eutectic colonies as a function of the impurity concentration. Recent theoretical results on the linear stability of ternary lamellar eutectic fronts [Plapp and Karma, Phys. Rev. E 60, 6865 (1999)] shed light on some aspects of the observed phenomena.

  14. ROTOR- YATAK SİSTEMLERİNİN KARARLILIĞI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Uğur YÜCEL

    2003-03-01

    Full Text Available Endüstrideki çeşitli uygulamalarda yüksek hızının yanısıra güvenli olarak çalışan dönen rotorlu makinaya ihtiyaç vardır. Bu tür bir makinayı elde etmedeki anahtar faktörün rotor-yatak sisteminin dinamik tepkisini ve kararlılığını doğru tahmin edebilme olduğu geçerliliğini korumaktadır. Bu makale basit analitik modellerle rotor dinamiği kavramının doğasını tanıştırmakta ve açıklamaktadır. İki ucundan sabit yataklarla desteklenen en basit rotor modeli ile başlanarak, daha gerçekçi ve daha detaylı durumlar esnek yatak etkileri de katılarak ele alınmıştır. Bu olguların bilinmesi gerçek turbomakinaların rotorlarını temsil eden karmaşık modellerin davranışını anlamada esastır.

  15. Compassion, ethics, and neuroscience: neuroethics through Buddhist eyes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsomo, Karma Lekshe

    2012-09-01

    As scientists advance knowledge of the brain and develop technologies to measure, evaluate, and manipulate brain function, numerous questions arise for religious adherents. If neuroscientists can conclusively establish that there is a functional network between neural impulses and an individual's capacity for moral evaluation of situations, this will naturally lead to questions about the relationship between such a network and constructions of moral value and ethical human behavior. For example, if cognitive neuroscience can show that there is a neurophysiological basis for the moral appraisal of situations, it may be argued that the world's religions, which have traditionally been the keepers and purveyors of ethical values, are rendered either spurious or irrelevant. The questions point up broader dilemmas in the interface between science and religion, and raise concerns about the ethics of neurological research and experimentation. Since human beings will still arbitrate what is "moral" or "ethical," how can religious perspectives enrich the dialogue on neuroethical issues and how can neuroscience enrich dialogue on religion? Buddhist views on the nature of consciousness and methods of practice, especially meditation practice, may contribute to discussions on neuroscience and theories about the interrelationship between consciousness and ethical awareness by exploring the role that karma, intentionality, and compassion play in Buddhist understandings of the interrelationship between consciousness and ethics.

  16. Caring for the Dead Ritually in Cambodia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Clifford Holt

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Buddhist conceptions of the after-life, and prescribed rites in relation to the dead, were modified adaptations of brahman ical patterns of religious culture in ancient India. In this article, I demonstrate how Buddhist conceptions, rites and dispositions have been sustained and transformed in a contemporary annual ritual of rising importance in Cambodia, pchum ben. I analyze phcum ben to determine its fundamental importance to the sustenance and coherence of the Khmer family and national identity. Pchum ben is a 15-day ritual celebrated toward the end of the three-month monastic rain retreat season each year. During these 15 days, Buddhist laity attend ritually to the dead, providing special care for their immediately departed kin and other more recently deceased ancestors. The basic aim of pchum ben involves making a successful transaction of karma transfer to one’s dead kin, in order to help assuage their experiences of suffering. The proximate catalyst for pchum ben’s current popularity is recent social and political history in Southeast Asia, especially the traumatic events that occurred nationally in Cambodia during the early 1970s through the 1980s when the country experienced a series of convulsions. Transformations in religious culture often stand in reflexive relationship to social and political change.

  17. A study of the ice-water interface using the TIP4P/2005 water model

    CERN Document Server

    Benet, Jorge; Sanz, Eduardo

    2014-01-01

    In this work we study the ice-water interface under coexistence conditions by means of molecular simulations using the TIP4P/2005 water model. Following the methodology proposed by Hoyt and co-workers [J. J. Hoyt, M. Asta and A. Karma, Phys. Rev. Lett., 86, 5530, (2001)] we measure the interfacial free energy of ice with liquid water by analysing the spectrum of capillary fluctuations of the interface. We get an orientationally averaged interfacial free energy of 27(2) mN/m, in good agreement with a recent estimate obtained from simulation data of the size of critical clusters [E. Sanz, C. Vega, J. R. Espinosa, R. Caballero-Bernal, J. L. F. Abascal and C. Valeriani, JACS, 135, 15008, (2013)]. We also estimate the interfacial free energy of different planes and obtain 27(2), 28(2)and 28(2) mN/m for the basal, the primary prismatic and the secondary prismatic planes respectively. Finally, we inspect the structure of the interface and find that its thickness is of approximately 4-5 molecular diameters. Moreover,...

  18. Veri Zarflama Analizi Tabanlı Yeni Bir Hibrid İki Gruplu Sınıflandırma Modeli

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    H. Hasan ÖRKCÜ

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Bu çalışmada iki gruplu sınıflandırma problemlerinin çözümünde kullanılabilecek yeni bir sınıflandırma modeli geliştirilmiştir. Bu model Veri Zarflama Analizi BCC modeline dayanan Pendharkar ve Troutt (2014 modeli ile Sueyoshi (2004 tarafından önerilen iki aşamalı sınıflandırma modelinin bir karmasıdır. Çalışmanın amacı, BCC modelindeki parçalı doğrusal etkinlik sınırı ve iki aşamalı detaylı inceleme fikri sayesinde iki gruplu sınıflandırma problemlerini ele almaktır. Önerilen yeni yaklaşım Pendharkar ve Troutt (2014’den alınan bir örnek üzerinde ayrıntılı olarak incelenmiş ve ayrıca yapılan simülasyon çalışmasından önerilen yöntemin sınıflandırma performansının diğer iki yöntemden daha iyi olduğu gözlenmiştir.

  19. Komadu: A Capture and Visualization System for Scientific Data Provenance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isuru Suriarachchi

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Data provenance captured from scientific applications is a critical precursor to data sharing and reuse. For researchers wanting to repurpose data, it is a source of information about the lineage and attribution of the data and this is needed in order to establish trust in a data set. Komadu is a standalone provenance capture and visualization system for capturing, representing, and manipulating provenance coming from scientific tools, infrastructures, and repositories. It uses the W3C PROV standard [1] in representing data, and it is the successor of the Karma [2] provenance capture system which was based on Open Provenance Model (OPM [3]. Komadu comes with two different interfaces: a Web Services interface based on Apache Axis2 [4] and a messaging interface based on RabbitMQ [5]. Komadu is completely open source and the source code is publicly available on GitHub [6]. Even though Komadu has been used most extensively in relation to scientific research, its interfaces are designed to collect and visualize provenance of any kind of application needing provenance.

  20. An integrated approach in the treatment of varicose ulcer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deepa Patil

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Venous ulcers (stasis ulcers, varicose ulcers are the wounds occurring due to inappropriate functioning of venous valves, usually of the legs. It is one of the most serious chronic venous insufficiency complications. The overall incidence rate is 0.76% in men and 1.42% in women. When a venous valve gets damaged, it prevents the backflow of blood, which causes pressure in the veins that leads to hypertension and, in turn, venous ulcers. These are mostly along the medial distal leg, which is often very painful, can bleed, and get infected. Treating varicose ulcers is a difficult task to the physician and a nightmare to the suffering patients, though a good number of the treatment principles are mentioned and practiced in allied sciences. In Ayurveda, this condition is considered as dus.t.a vran.a. It can be managed with the specific s′odhana therapy. So, the same treatment protocol was used to treat the case discussed here, i.e. with Nitya virecana and by Basti karma. The wound was successfully treated and, therefore, is discussed in detail.

  1. 世俗与超越: 中国古典悲剧的两种哲学——以《赵氏孤儿》和《桃花扇》为例%Mundane and Transcendental: Two Kinds of Philosophy about Chinese Classical Tragedy——Taking The Orphan of Chao and Peach Blossom Fan as Examples

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭冠群; 章池

    2015-01-01

    《桃花扇》和《赵氏孤儿》分别是王国维在嗜哲学和嗜文学的两个时期所推崇过的两部中国古典悲剧,这两部悲剧在文学史上占有重要地位. 通过对这两种戏剧结局的毁灭性与否的分析,可以看出中国人在面对苦难时的两种人生态度,即处理人生困境的两种哲学:或是世俗性的乐天,坚信因果报应终圆梦;或是超越性的悲观,悟透人生终解脱. 这也是古典悲剧由幼稚走向成熟的一个反映.%The Orphan of Chao and Peach Blossom Fan were the two classical tragedies which Wang Guowei had thought highly of. The two tragedies have important status in the history of literature. They are two kinds of philosophy and attitude towards life of Chinese people in the face of suffering, based on analyzing two kinds of drama ending destruction or not, either optimistically believe that people can interpret a dream by karma, or pessimistically liberate through despair of life. This is also a reflection of the classical tragedy from naive to mature.

  2. The role of Apamarga Kshara in the treatment of Arsha.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dudhamal, T S; Gupta, S K; Bhuyan, Chaturbhuj; Singh, Kulwant

    2010-04-01

    As per the available treatment modalities of Arsha, the Kshara karma modality is the best one, taking into the consideration its convenience, easy adoptability, cost-effectiveness and curative results. Under this parasurgical procedure, various forms of external kshara application are used in treating the Arsha. These are Ksharasutra Ligation (KSL), ksharpatan, etc. KSL is a surgical procedure, while ksharapatan vidhi is local application and seems to be effective with an easy procedure. Several studies of ksharapatan had been conducted; so the time has come to specify the study of ksharapatan, e.g., according to degree of pile mass and different symptoms and signs. In this present study, apamarga (Achyranthus aspera Linn.) kshara, one among the best qualitative ksharas, was locally applied directly on the different sizes, shapes and degrees of Arsha, to find out its effectiveness with or without any untoward effect. A total of 30 patients were treated by local application of Apamarga kshara. The ksharapatan was done every day, for 7 days in 3 g dose, and the result was assessed thoroughly on the basis of observation according to the specially designed proforma. Apamarga kshara was prepared as per the standard method described in Ayurvedic texts. Patients suffering from Arsha were selected by simple random sampling method, with the complaints of bleeding per rectum, Vedana, Srava, kandu and prolapse. Lastly, it was concluded that ksharapatan had shown significant improvement in 1st and 2nd degree of pile masses without any side effect.

  3. Atomik Absorpsiyon Spektrofotometresi ile Deodorant ve Rimel Örneklerinde Eser Element Tayini

    OpenAIRE

    Yıldırım, Merve

    2017-01-01

    Kozmetikler oldukça karmaşık yapılı olan kimyasal bileşiklerdir ve bu nedenle kullanımları sonucu insan sağlığına etkileri de büyük önem taşımaktadır. Günümüzde kozmetik ürünlerinin kullanım oranları gözönüne alınırsa kozmetik ürünlerin içeriği daha da önem arz etmektedir. Bu nedenle, kozmetik ürünlerinin eser element içeriğinin belirlenmesi ve kontrol altında tutulması gerekir. Bu çalışmada; çeşitli markalara ait deodorantlarda ve rimellerde bulunan eser elementler Grafit Fırınlı Atomik Abso...

  4. Hindu Students and Their Missionary Teachers: Debating the Relevance of Rebirth in the Colonial Indian Academy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nalini Bhushan

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available This essay provides a meta-narrative for the philosophical dialogues that took place in colonial India between Scottish missionary philosophers and philosophers of Vedānta on the topic of karma and rebirth. In particular, it offers a reconstruction and analysis of the context and strategy that shaped the content of discussions that were initiated in the pages of the Madras Christian College Magazine in 1909 between Subrahmanya Sastri and AG Hogg and that inspired Radhakrishnan’s response in his dissertation entitled “The Ethics of Vedanta and its Metaphysical Suppositions”. The broad context is provided by a history of missionary presence in India. The context is further circumscribed by the ‘hybrid’ character of the position of the missionaries as teachers in departments of philosophy, teaching students of “upper-caste Hindus” in the English medium universities set up by the British in the late nineteenth century. The hermeneutics of form and context is essential to understanding the content of these debates about the ethics and metaphysics of Christianity and Hinduism, where the meaning and significance of the notion of rebirth took center stage. Importantly, these debates in turn shed light on the broader social and political context in which these debates took place.

  5. Education for a Sustainable Future: Strategies of the New Hindu Religious Movements

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martin Haigh

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Increasingly, sustainability is conceived as a crisis of the human mind and the key challenge for pro-sustainability education is developing sufficient motivation in learners. The spiritual aspirations of religious communities contain sufficient motivational force, which may be deployed for effective sustainability education. This paper explores the approaches to sustainability and sustainability education of some internationally-oriented Hindu religious movements. These include the rural education initiatives of Gandhian Sarvodaya, which emphasizes non-harming, self-reliance and personal ethics, ISKCON, which emphasizes devotional service, P.R. Sarkar’s Ananda Marg, which emphasizes cooperative enterprise, the Tantric body re-imagined at the social scale, and Swami Vivekananda’s Sri Ramakrishna Order, which emphasizes karma yoga, spiritual development through service to the God in each human. It also describes the British Hindu contribution to the UNDP/ARC’s multi-faith sustainability initiative “Many Heavens, One Earth”; which is the “Bhumi Project” and its two main campaigns, Green Temples and Compassionate Living.

  6. Belief in the paranormal and modern health worries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Utinans A.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available It has been found, that despite the improvement of the objective health indicators, people's subjective perception of health is that health indicators are getting worse (Barsky A.J., 1988, which is one of the reasons why a new term “modern health worries” is coming into use in medical literature (Petrie K.J., Wessely S., 2002. People are worried and scared of the effect of new high tech innovations (effect of cell phone radiation, environmental pollution, ozone layer depletion, etc., changes in manufacturing of food products (genetically modified food, food concentrates etc.. Nowadays, many people, being worried about their health, turn to new eating habits (veganism, defend themselves against various innovations in the health system (vaccination, etc. It could be defined as fear of consequences of scientific progress. The reason of fear is not only the misunderstanding of scientific innovations. Quite often, it is a belief in pseudoscientific theories (for example, “conspiracy” or belief in the paranormal phenomena (karma violations, disruption of the cosmic plan. In a part of cases protesters against vaccines and genetically modified food belong to new religious movements which are based on belief in the paranormal and magical thinking. Magical thinking predisposes to the negative attitude towards scientific assumptions and innovations, like a genetically modified food (Saher, 2006. Aim of study. To study the correlation between pseudoscientific assumptions, belief in the paranormal and modern health worries. This condition of modern health worries is becoming important for health care system. It causes the increase in the number of symptoms (Koteles et al., 2011, which, in its turn, increases the doctors' visit rate on one hand (Rief W et al., 2012, but, on the other hand, increases evasion to attend traditional medical care activities. Part of supporters of pseudoscientific beliefs experiences anxiety as to the bad food toxins

  7. Common diseases as determinants of menopausal age.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Jingmei; Eriksson, Mikael; Czene, Kamila; Hall, Per; Rodriguez-Wallberg, Kenny A

    2016-12-01

    Can the diagnosis of common diseases before menopause influence age at natural menopause (ANM) onset? Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and depression were observed to delay menopause. It has been observed that women who undergo early menopause experience a higher burden of health problems related to metabolic syndromes, heart disease and depression, but whether ANM can be influenced by common adult diseases has not been studied extensively. All women attending mammography screening or clinical mammography at four hospitals in Sweden were invited to participate in the Karolinska Mammography Project for Risk Prediction of Breast Cancer (KARMA) study. Between January 2011 and March 2013, 70 877 women were recruited. Information from the baseline questionnaire filled out upon enrollment was used in this cross-sectional analysis on predictors of ANM onset. We limited our analyses to 61 936 women with complete data on ANM and covariates and a follow-up time (from birth to menopause or censoring) of at least 35 years. Premenopausal diagnoses of depression, anorexia, bulimia, PCOS, ovarian cyst, heart failure, myocardial infarction, angina pectoris, stroke, preeclampsia, diabetes, hypertension and hyperlipidemia were examined as time-dependent variables in multivariable Cox regression analyses, adjusting for reproductive factors (age at menarche, menstrual cycle regularity in adult life, number of children and premenopausal oral contraceptive use) and risk factors of common diseases (education, physical activity at 18 years and information at the time of questionnaire including BMI, ever smoking and alcohol consumption). Women with PCOS and depression were independently associated with later menopause (hazard ratio (95% CI): 0.44 (0.28-0.71) and 0.95 (0.91-1.00), respectively), compared to women with no such histories. The associations remained significant in a subset of women who had never received gynecological surgery or hormone treatment (n = 32313, 0.21 (0

  8. ÜRÜN KARMASI OPTİMİZASYONU KARARLARINDA KISITLAR TEORİSİ KULLANIMI VE BİR UYGULAMA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Burçin KAPLAN

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available ÜRÜN KARMASI OPTİMİZASYONU KARARLARINDA KISITLAR TEORİSİ KULLANIMI VE BİR UYGULAMAÖzet: Günümüz işletmelerinin, karşılaştıkları en önemli problemlerden biri, karlarını maksimum kılabilmek için verilmesi gereken optimum ürün karması problemleridir. İşletmenin kar elde edebilmesi için, sistemin verimli bir biçimde çalışması son derece önemlidir. Verimlilik, sistemin bütününde sağlandığında ve doğru ürün karması kararları alındığında kar maksimum düzeye çıkar. Bu savı destekleyen ve günümüzde pek çok işletme tarafından benimsenen teorilerin başında Kısıtlar Teorisi gelir.Bu çalışmada, kimya sektöründe üretim yapan bir firmanın çoklu darboğaz problemlerinde, kısıtların etkililiği azalttığı durumlar, örnek alınan veriler üzerinde gösterilmiştir. Kısıtlar teorisi geleneksel algoritması ile bunun üzerine düzenlenmiş olan düzeltilmiş algoritma, firma verilerine uygulanarak her birinin dezavantajları gözlemlenmiştir. Daha sonra optimum sonuca ulaşan algoritma tespit edilmiş ve bu algoritmanın etkililiği sunulmuştur. Son olarak geliştirilen algoritma ile Tamsayılı Doğrusal Programlama (TDP söz konusu örnek üzerinde birbirleriyle karşılaştırılmıştır. Geliştirilmiş algoritmanın başarısı sonuçlarla sunulmuştur.THEORY OF CONSTRAINTS IN PRODUCT MIX OPTIMIZATION DECISIONS AND AN APPLICATIONAbstract: One of the most important problems that today’s companies face is the optimum product mix decision problems to maksimize their profit. Companies have to make their operations efficient to be able to get profits. If the efficiency could be implemented in the whole system, and when the right product mix decisions are taken then the profitability increase to the maximum level. Theory of constraints is the theory that supports this idea which: is most known within the companies.In this study, the constraint cases decrease the efficiency in the

  9. Perwujudan Naskah Drama Anusapati Karya S.H. Mintardja dalam Pementasan Teater

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    Trias Untung Kurniawan

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Seorang sutradara menentukan kualitas sebuah pementasan teater. Ia dituntut memiliki kepekaan dramatik sehingga dapat menerjemahkan sebuah naskah lakon menjadi pengalaman pentas yang berarti. Naskah lakon menjadi hal yang sangat penting dalam menghasilkan pementasan teater yang berkualitas. Penulis memilih naskah lakon Anusapati karya S.H. Mintardja untuk diwujudkan dalam sebuah pementasan teater. Lakon Anusapati adalah lakon yang tragis, bermula dari kesalahan yang dilakukan Ken Arok untuk mencapai keinginannya merebut kekuasaan. Kesalahan ini mengakibatkan karma yang tidak dapat ditolak oleh Ken Arok dan tujuh keturunannya. Naskah lakon Anusapati akan diwujudkan dalam sebuah pementasan dengan pendekatan ketoprak. Dengan mengawinkan konsep teater modern terhadap perkembangan ketoprak dengan memosisikan sutradara sebagai pusat kontrol atas segala aspek pemanggungan dengan tetap memberi ruang kepada para pemain untuk mengembangkan permainan secara maksimal. Dalam mewujudkan lakon menjadi sebuah pementasan membutuhkan konsep pemanggungan yang dapat dijadikan sebagai arah dalam menjalankan proses kreatif. Konsep pemanggungan memuat pokok-pokok gagasan yang akan diwujudkan dalam pementasan. Garis-garis permainan, desain artistik, dan musik pendukung dirancang untuk memenuhi terwujudnya gagasan. Sutaradara mengorganisasi seluruh aspek pemanggungan yang dikelola oleh beberapa staf artistik, seperti penata pentas, penata busana, penata rias, dan penata artistik sehingga menghasilkan pementasan yang menarik, berkualitas, dan layak untuk ditonton.     The Embodiment of the Anusapati Script by S.H. Mintardja in Theatrical Staging with the Ketoprak Approach. Director determines the quality of a theatrical production. The Director is required to have dramatic sensibility (sense of dramatic so that he can translate a script of the play being performed that may experience meaning. The script of the play becomes the thing that is very important in producing

  10. 对流条件下定向凝固包晶合金的相和微观组织选择%PHASE AND MICROSTRUCTURE SELECTION IN DIRECTIONALLY SOLIDIFIED PERITECTIC ALLOYS UNDER CONVECTION CONDITION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王灵水; 沈军; 商昭; 王雷; 傅恒志

    2013-01-01

    利用边界层模型和Bower-Brody-Flemings模型,分析了对流条件下合金生长界面形态、合金分别以平界面和胞界面生长时界面前沿的溶质分布.在此基础上,运用充分形核和成分过冷准则以及最高界面温度判据,分析了对流条件下包晶合金定向凝固过程中初生相和包晶相生长界面前沿发生第二相形核转变的条件,建立了对流条件下定向凝固包晶合金的相和微观组织选择模型.此模型不仅涵盖Hunziker模型和Karma模型,还能预测Hunziker模型和Karma模型所不能反映的对流条件下的混合带状组织和胞状初生相与平界面包晶相的协同生长组织,能够更为合理地解释对流条件下包晶合金的复杂定向凝固组织.将Sn-1.6%Cd(质量分数)包晶合金的理论计算结果和实验结果进行了对比,两者吻合较好.%For the phase and microstructure selection during directional solidification of peritectic alloys,the solute distribution ahead of the solid-liquid interface plays a fundamental role.To study the solute distribution under convection condition,the convection factor (△) was introduced into the boundary layer model and Bower-Brody-Flemings model and the solute distribution ahead of the planar and cellular interfaces under convection condition during directional solidification were obtained.Based on these solute distributions,the nucleation and constitutional undercooling criterion and the assumption that the maximum interface growth temperature of phase growth is more stability during directional solidification,the nucleation conditions of new phase ahead of the growth interface under convection condition were analyzed and the phase and microstructure selection map in directionally solidified peritectic alloys under convection condition was developed.Compared with the Hunziker's model that is suit for the phase and microstructure selection of peritectic alloys under diffusive condition and the Karma's model

  11. Structural analysis of traditional Kadın Zeybek dances in İzmirİzmir ili geleneksel Kadın Zeybek oyunlarının yapısal analizi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hale Yamaner Okdan

    2016-01-01

    şındığı gibi, kadın ve erkek sahne üzerinde birlikte, yan yana dans etmeye başlamıştır. Bu gelişmeler sonucu geleneksel oyunlar karma oyunlar adı altında –kadın ve erkeğin beraber oynadığı oyunlar- yeni bir kategoriye kavuşmuştur. Günümüzde geleneksel oyunlar oyuncunun cinsiyetine göre kadın oyunları, erkek oyunları ve karma oyunlar şeklindeki üç başlıkta ele alınır. Bu yazı sadece kadınlar tarafından oynanan zeybek türünde oyunların yapısal analizini içerir.

  12. La magia hindú y su proyección hacia occidente en el mundo antiguo

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    María Teresa Román López

    1995-01-01

    Full Text Available La aproximación al hinduismo implica, entre otras cosas, ponerse en contacto con sus orígenes mágicos. Las creencias mágicas prearias son difíciles de describir. No obstante, hallamos ritos védicos que son mágicos a pesar de que forman parte del ámbito del sacrificio. El documento religioso más antiguo de la India es una colección de himnos, los Veda. Los himnos védicos nos muestran la forma más antigua de la religión védica. Es escasa la información que poseemos sobre las creencias mágico-religiosas en la civilización del Valle del Indo, no hablan de: a la persistente disposición a contemplar lo sagrado en función de la maternidad; b el karma o ley de causa y efecto. La religión védica consiste en una mitología muy elaborada. Los dioses estaban ligados con las fuerzas naturales e intervienen sin cesar en los asuntos humanos. Uno de los métodos básicos del hinduismo es el yoga. Se supone que su práctica puede proporcionar, como efecto secundario, la adquisición de unos «poderes milagrosos». De los tiempos védicos se ha conservado el concepto de potencia mágica del mantra o fórmula sagrada. Un conocido diagrama místico es el mándala o círculo mágico.The aproximation to hinduism involve among other things to have contact with its magic origins. The pre-arian magic beliefs are difficult to describe. Althought we found vedies rites that are magic spite of they are part of the sacrifice ambit. The ancient religious document of India is a hymn collection, the Veda. The Vedic hymns show as the most antigüe form of the vedic religión. We have short Information about the magic religious beliefs in the Valley of Indo civilizatlon. This information doesn't talk about: a The persistent aptitude to contémplate the sacred things according to the motherhood. b The karma or cause and effect law. The Veda religión consists on a very elaborated mitology, The gods were tie the natural powers and they constantly medíate in

  13. Proposing the new Algorithm and Technique Development for Integrating Web Table Extraction and Building a Mashup

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    Rudy A.G. Gultom

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: Nowadays, various types of data in web table can be easily extracted from the Internet, although not all of web tables are relevant to the users. As we may know, most web pages are in unstructured HTML format, making web table extraction process very time consuming and costly. HTML format only focuses on the presentation, not based on the database system. Therefore, users need a tool in dealing with that process. Approach: This research proposed an approach for implementing web table extraction and making a Mashup from HTML web pages using Xtractorz application. It is also discussed on how to collaborate and integrate a web table extraction process in the stage of building a Mashup, i.e., Data Retrieval, Data Source Modeling, Data Cleaning/ Filtering, Data Integration and Data Visualization. The main issue lies in stage of data modeling creation, in which Xtractorz must be able to automatically render Document Object Model (DOM tree in accordance to HTML tag or code of the web page from which the table is extracted. To overcome that, the Xtractorz is equipped with algorithm and rules so it can enable to specifically analyze the HTML tags and to extract the data into a new table format. The algorithm is created by using recursive technique within a user-friendly GUI of Xtractorz. Results: The approach was evaluated by conducting experiment using Xtractorz and other similar applications, such as RoboMaker and Karma. The result of experiment showed that Xtractorz is more efficient in completing the experiment tasks, since Xtractorz has fewer steps to complete the whole tasks. Conclusion: Xtractorz can give a positive contribution in terms of algorithm technique and a new approach method to web table extraction process and making a Mashup, where the core algorithm can extracts web data tables using recursive technique while rendering the DOM tree model automatically.

  14. Kısmi ve Tam Dönümlü Spektral Metotların Karşılaştırması

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    İhsan Haluk Akın

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Bu çalışmada, yakın zamanda sunulmuş spektral modüler aritmetik işlemlerinin aritmetik karmaşıklığı üzerindeki bir analiz adım adım değerlendirme yöntemi ile karşılaştırılmıştır. Bilgisayar aritmetiğinde spektral yöntemlerin standart kullanımı çarpma ve indirgeme adımlarının spektrum ve zaman uzayında birbirinden ayrı olarak gerçekleştirilmesi gerektiğini belirtmektedir. Bu tarz bir prosedür ise açıkça tam dönümlü (ileri ve geri yönde DFT hesaplamalarına ihtiyaç duymaktadır. Öte yandan, bazı kısmı değerlerin işlem sırasında hesaplanması ile, yeni yöntemler indirgeme işlemi de dahil olmak üzere tüm verilerin tüm zamanlarda spektrumda tutulmasını gerektiren bir yaklaşımı benimsemişlerdir. Tüm bu yaklaşımların işlem süresi performanslarını karşılaştırdığımızda, tam dönümlü algoritmaların son zamanlarda önerilmiş yöntemlerden daha iyi performans gösterdiğini bu çalışmada göstermiş bulunmaktayız.

  15. Understanding the Relationship Between State Forgiveness and Psychological Wellbeing: A Qualitative Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akhtar, Sadaf; Dolan, Alan; Barlow, Jane

    2017-04-01

    Over the last 20 years, increasing attention has been given to associations between dispositional forgiveness and specific mental health problems. However, few studies have assessed whether forgiving real-life interpersonal hurts may be related to diverse psychological health outcomes. The present study addresses this gap by investigating, in depth, relationships between perceptions about state forgiveness and a variety of mental wellbeing outcomes as well as exploring perceptions about the factors that may modify such effects. Developing an understanding of a forgiveness wellbeing relationship is of relevance to healthcare workers, researchers and policy makers with an interest in improving public health. In-depth semi-structured interviews were conducted, and data were analysed using grounded theory methods. From England and Ireland, eleven adults who were affiliated with religious/spiritual and secular/atheist groups were recruited using purposive and convenience sampling methods. Key themes that appeared to be related to the effects of unforgiveness were: increases in negative affect; reduction in cognitive abilities and barriers to psychological and social growth. For the majority of participants, state forgiveness had strong ties to participants perceived sense of mental wellbeing, including reductions in negative affect, feeling positive emotions, positive relations with others, spiritual growth, a sense of meaning and purpose in life as well as a greater sense of empowerment. The data also revealed a number of factors that may positively or negatively influence a forgiveness-wellbeing link such as: viewing an offender as spiritually similar or different, responsibility/karma, blaming, wanting restitution/apology as well as practices such as meditation and prayer. The findings suggest that forgiving a range of real-life interpersonal offences may be an important determinant of psychological wellbeing, particularly among religious/spiritual populations

  16. Experimental and computational studies on complex spiral waves in 2-D cardiac substrates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bursac, Nenad

    2005-03-01

    A variety of chemical and biological nonlinear excitable media including heart tissue can support stable, self-organized waves of activity in a form of rotating single-arm spirals. In the heart tissue, stable single-arm spirals can underlie highly periodic activity such as monomorphic ventricular tachycardia (VT), while unstable spirals that continuously form and break up are shown to underlie aperiodic and lethal heart activity, namely fibrillation. Although fast pacing from a point in the heart is commonly used to terminate VT, it can occasionally yield a transient or stable acceleration of tachicardia rate and/or fibrillation. In this study we tested the effect of rapid point pacing on sustained spiral waves in the uniformly anisotropic cultures of cardiac myocytes. In 15/79 cultures, rapid pacing induced a stable formation of multiple bound spiral waves (a complex spiral) and acceleration of overall excitation rate in the tissue, as assessed by pseudo ECG (pECG). The level of rate acceleration correlated with the number of rotating waves. Further rapid point pacing decelerated, terminated, or further accelerated the complex spiral activity via a change in the number of coexisting rotating waves. The dynamic restitution analysis revealed no alternans in action potential duration in any of the cultures. Stable formation of complex spirals was accomplished only in the cultures that showed relatively broad and steep impulse wavelength and conduction velocity restitutions. A necessary condition for rate acceleration in a medium with monotonic restitution is that the rate of rotation of a single spiral wave is significantly lower than maximum sustainable rate of excitation in the medium. Preliminary data in a homogeneous medium using 3-variable Fenton-Karma (FK) based model of cardiac tissue suggest that decrease of fast inward current (excitability) can shift the spiral rate away from the break point on the restitution curve, enabling a necessary condition for rate

  17. Incorporating inductances in tissue-scale models of cardiac electrophysiology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rossi, Simone; Griffith, Boyce E.

    2017-09-01

    In standard models of cardiac electrophysiology, including the bidomain and monodomain models, local perturbations can propagate at infinite speed. We address this unrealistic property by developing a hyperbolic bidomain model that is based on a generalization of Ohm's law with a Cattaneo-type model for the fluxes. Further, we obtain a hyperbolic monodomain model in the case that the intracellular and extracellular conductivity tensors have the same anisotropy ratio. In one spatial dimension, the hyperbolic monodomain model is equivalent to a cable model that includes axial inductances, and the relaxation times of the Cattaneo fluxes are strictly related to these inductances. A purely linear analysis shows that the inductances are negligible, but models of cardiac electrophysiology are highly nonlinear, and linear predictions may not capture the fully nonlinear dynamics. In fact, contrary to the linear analysis, we show that for simple nonlinear ionic models, an increase in conduction velocity is obtained for small and moderate values of the relaxation time. A similar behavior is also demonstrated with biophysically detailed ionic models. Using the Fenton-Karma model along with a low-order finite element spatial discretization, we numerically analyze differences between the standard monodomain model and the hyperbolic monodomain model. In a simple benchmark test, we show that the propagation of the action potential is strongly influenced by the alignment of the fibers with respect to the mesh in both the parabolic and hyperbolic models when using relatively coarse spatial discretizations. Accurate predictions of the conduction velocity require computational mesh spacings on the order of a single cardiac cell. We also compare the two formulations in the case of spiral break up and atrial fibrillation in an anatomically detailed model of the left atrium, and we examine the effect of intracellular and extracellular inductances on the virtual electrode phenomenon.

  18. Liang Qichao's Idea of "Mind Power" and its Philosophical Foundation%一梁启超的“心力”观及其哲学基础

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张杰克

    2016-01-01

    Liang Qichao's understanding of "the power of mind "includes four levels: firstly, it is in the psychological sense, which means the power of emotion, spirit and faith; secondly, mind power in the ontological sense manifests as "temperament theory";thirdly, mind power in the sense of moral philosophy refers to "willpower"; finally, mind power in the sense of philosophy of history points to "collective karma" and"willpower of nation". The philosophical foundation of Liang's idea of mind power means"the logical development" of "debate on sensibility and reason", "debate on mind and matter" and "dispute over efforts and fate" in modern Chinese philosophy.%梁启超对心力的理解有四个层面:一是在心理意义上的心力,指情感的力量、精神的力量、信仰的力量;二是在本体论意义上的心力,表现为“心本论”;三是在道德哲学意义上的心力,指“意志力”;四是在历史哲学意义上的心力,指向“共同业力”“民族意力”。其哲学基础指向“情理之辩”“心物之辩”“力命之争”在中国近代哲学中的“逻辑发展”。

  19. Musical aptitude is associated with AVPR1A-haplotypes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ukkola, Liisa T; Onkamo, Päivi; Raijas, Pirre; Karma, Kai; Järvelä, Irma

    2009-05-20

    Artistic creativity forms the basis of music culture and music industry. Composing, improvising and arranging music are complex creative functions of the human brain, which biological value remains unknown. We hypothesized that practicing music is social communication that needs musical aptitude and even creativity in music. In order to understand the neurobiological basis of music in human evolution and communication we analyzed polymorphisms of the arginine vasopressin receptor 1A (AVPR1A), serotonin transporter (SLC6A4), catecol-O-methyltranferase (COMT), dopamin receptor D2 (DRD2) and tyrosine hydroxylase 1 (TPH1), genes associated with social bonding and cognitive functions in 19 Finnish families (n = 343 members) with professional musicians and/or active amateurs. All family members were tested for musical aptitude using the auditory structuring ability test (Karma Music test; KMT) and Carl Seashores tests for pitch (SP) and for time (ST). Data on creativity in music (composing, improvising and/or arranging music) was surveyed using a web-based questionnaire. Here we show for the first time that creative functions in music have a strong genetic component (h(2) = .84; composing h(2) = .40; arranging h(2) = .46; improvising h(2) = .62) in Finnish multigenerational families. We also show that high music test scores are significantly associated with creative functions in music (pmusic test scores (COMB) (p = 0.0056; corrected p = 0.0006). AVPR1A haplotype AVR+RS1 further suggested a positive association with ST (p = 0.0038; corrected p = 0.00184) and COMB (p = 0.0083; corrected p = 0.0040) using haplotype-based association test HBAT. The results suggest that the neurobiology of music perception and production is likely to be related to the pathways affecting intrinsic attachment behavior.

  20. 浅谈唯识学的梦境言说——以《唯识二十颂》为文本%Topic A Brief Probe into Dream-Logos of the Mind-Only School --Taking "Wei-Shi-Er-Shi-Song" as Study Case

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈昊

    2011-01-01

    佛教最终目标指向个人开悟与众生解脱,因而有种种言说法门,如说人生如梦、梦境非实有,则不必执迷此一期生命因缘际会。尤其是唯识学,主张“万法唯识”,认为外境俱非实有,皆为阿赖耶识所变现,于是,“做梦”的譬喻就很贴切地表达了唯识学的内涵,也恰到好处地回应了外道小乘对唯识学的责难。分析《唯识二十颂》中做梦、关于梦境的责难与辩说,可窥唯识学理论展开向路之一二。%As the ultimate aim of Buddhism point to personal enlightenment and liberation for all living creatures, there have various Logos, as said, life is like a dream. Dream are not exaiting, then there is no need to obsession with the life's karma.Eapecially the theory of Mind-Only School, advocated "the ten thousand dharmas are only consciousness' creation",and considered all the things outside consciousness, the realization of Alayavijnana , are unre al-exsiting.Therefore,dream as Metaphor aptly expressed the theory's oonnotation,also be just perfect response to other clans and Hinayana's criticizes. Analysis the part of Dream-Logos in "Wei-Shi-Er-Shi-Song",Blame and argue about dreams,Can see some Expansion of theoretical direction of the Mind-Only shehool.

  1. 唐传奇之“感应母题”与佛经故事%On the Induction Motif in the Chuanqi Fiction of Tang Dynasty and Buddhist Stories

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王永丹; 谭晓闯

    2014-01-01

    The induction motif is one of the common motifs in the Chinese and foreign literature. This motif appears in the early Classical Chinese literature. It also occurs in the Indian folktales and Buddhist stories. The ex-aggeration and absurdity and illusion reflected in the Buddhist stories related to the induction,have greatly influ-enced the Chuanqi fiction in Tang dynasty. And the combination between karma advocated by Buddhism and the Chinese traditional induction has greatly promoted the popularization of this motif.%“感应母题”是中外文学共有的文化母题。中国古代早期的文史记载中便蕴含了“天人感应”母题。从印度传入的大量佛经及民间故事中也蕴含了这一母题。佛经“感应”故事所具有的印度神话的夸张性、荒诞性、神异性及虚幻性对唐传奇小说母题起到了很大的触媒作用。此外,佛教“感应母题”所宣扬的果报思想与中国传统的“天人感应”思想的有机融合,亦极大地催化了“感应母题”的风靡。

  2. AZERBAYCAN TİCARİ BANKACILIK SEKTÖRÜNÜN CAMELS YÖNTEMİ İLE PERFORMANS ANALİZİ - PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS OF COMMERCIAL BANKING SECTOR OF AZERBAIJAN BY CAMELS METHOD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gülcan ÇAĞIL

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Özet1980’li yıllardan itibaren serbestleşme ile birlikte finansal piyasalarda özellikle bankacılık sektöründe işlemlerin karmaşıklaştığı, yaşanan yoğun rekabetin de etkisiyle risk yönetimi, performans ölçümü, denetim gibi konuların daha önemli hale geldiği gözlenmektedir. Bankaların düzenli çalışmalarını teminen uzaktan gözetim ve yerinden denetimin bir aracı olarak kullanılan CAMELS dereceleme sistemi çeşitli ülkelerde yıllardır kullanılmaktadır. Bu çalışmanın amacı 2007-2010 döneminde Azerbaycan’da faaliyette bulunan yerli ve yabancı sermayeli bankalarda CAMELS analizinin uygulanması ve çeşitli önerilerde bulunmaktır.AbstractIt’s seen that transactions have become complex in financial markets, especially in banking sector, with liberalization as from 1980s and that issues such as risk management, performance measurement, inspection have become more important with the effect of severe competition. CAMELS rating system that is a means of remote surveillance and on-site inspection in order for regular works of banks has been used in various countries for years. The aim of this study is to make CAMELS analysis in foreign and domestic banks operating in Azerbaijan in 2007-2010 periods and to make various suggestions.

  3. HIV-related risk behaviors among kathoey (male-to-female transgender) sex workers in Bangkok, Thailand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nemoto, Tooru; Iwamoto, Mariko; Perngparn, Usaneya; Areesantichai, Chitlada; Kamitani, Emiko; Sakata, Maria

    2012-01-01

    Based on combined methods, this study investigated substance use and HIV risk behaviors among kathoey sex workers (KSWs) in Bangkok, Thailand. The study found that only half of the KSW participants reported having been tested for HIV, and that except for one participant, all others had not seen health care providers in the past 12 months. About one third of the participants reported having engaged in unprotected anal sex with customers in the past six months. Almost all participants reported alcohol use, as well as having had sex with customers under the influence of alcohol. The prevalence of marijuana and ecstasy use in the past 12 months was high (32 and 36%, respectively); as was for ketamine (20%) and non-injecting methamphetamine (yaba) use (10%). A multiple regression analysis showed that the participants who were post-operative status, had used illicit drugs, or had been abused by their father and brothers were less likely to use condoms for anal sex with customers. Three quarters of the participants sent money to their families and 35% of the participants expressed their willingness to engage in unsafe sex when customers offer extra money. The qualitative interviews revealed that many identified as girl or kathoey in early age and had been exposed to transphobia and violence from father and brothers. Some reported support for gender transition from their mothers. More than half of the participants currently had difficulties in living as kathoey, such as challenges in the job market and relationship with family members. Family obligation for sending money and the Buddhist concept of karma were discussed in relation to risk behaviors among KSWs. The study provided implications for facilitating HIV testing and developing future HIV prevention intervention programs for KSWs in Thailand.

  4. Medya Etiği ve Medyanin Dördüncü Erk Olması

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gonca Yıldırım AKYOL

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available En yoğun bilgi akımının yaşandığı medya ortamları, modern toplumların karmaşık sosyal sistemlerinin bir parçasıdır. Bu toplumlardaki tüm sistemler doğrudan ya da dolaylı olarak birbirine bağlıdır. Medya da tıpkı sistemin diğer unsurları gibi toplumdan beslenir ve toplumun yönlendirilmesinde özellikle günümüzde aktif şekilde rol almaktadır. Son dönemlerde özel iletişim mecralarının artması medya etiğini de önemli kılmaktadır. Medya ve toplumun karşılıklı beklentileri, özellikle de medyaya yüklenilen toplum üzerinde etkili olan kişi, kurum ve kuruluşların denetlenmesi görüşü medyanın dördüncü kuvveti oluşturduğu fikrini temellendirmektir. Bu makalede medya, medya etiği ve medyanın dördüncü erk olduğu yönündeki sav üzerinde durulacaktır. Bu makale ağırlıkla literatür tarama çalışmasıyla oluşturulmuştur.

  5. Understanding Canadian Punjabi-speaking South Asian women's experience of breast cancer: a qualitative study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gurm, Balbir Kaur; Stephen, Joanne; MacKenzie, Gina; Doll, Richard; Barroetavena, Maria Cristina; Cadell, Susan

    2008-02-01

    Knowledge of women's experience with breast cancer is based on studies on middle-class Caucasian women. Generalizations are drawn from the few studies of South Asian women such as lack of desire to discuss personal and family issues. The purpose of this qualitative study was to understand the experience of Canadian Punjabi-speaking South Asian women in order to inform health care practices. Twenty women were recruited mainly through the local cancer center and word of mouth to participate in four focus groups conducted in Punjabi. All women spoke Punjabi and/or English, were involved in/or had completed cancer treatment and lived within driving distance of the local Cancer Center. The themes that emerged from focus group data were all psychosocial: spiritual beliefs, patient inclusion, family systems, psychosocial distress and emotional expression. All women: (1) formed a strong spiritual connection, believed that it was fate or karma and that their cancer diagnosis was the will of God and women used this strength of spirituality to help them cope and (2) women were distressed by the diagnosis and prior to being exposed to cancer believed that cancer equals death. There was in-group difference amongst the women with the remaining themes: being alone to hear the diagnosis alone versus having family members present and feeling supported by family members versus being stressed by family and degree of inclusion desired in the decision-making process. The key findings which are contrary to previous research, is the women's desire to discuss their experience openly and the variation in experience within the group. The implication for practice for all professionals is not to make assumptions regarding therapeutic interactions with patients but to individually assess the clients and learn about their specific values and beliefs and incorporate spirituality in health care delivery.

  6. [Readers' position against induced abortion].

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-08-25

    Replies to the request by the Journal of Nursing on readers' positions against induced abortion indicate there is a definite personal position against induced abortion and the assistance in this procedure. Some writers expressed an emotional "no" against induced abortion. Many quoted arguments from the literature, such as a medical dictionary definition as "a premeditated criminally induced abortion." The largest group of writers quoted from the Bible, the tenor always being: "God made man, he made us with his hands; we have no right to make the decision." People with other philosophies also objected. Theosophical viewpoint considers reincarnation and the law of cause and effect (karma). This philosophy holds that induced abortion impedes the appearance of a reincarnated being. The fundamental question in the abortion problem is, "can the fetus be considered a human life?" The German anatomist Professor E. Bleckschmidt points out that from conception there is human life, hence the fertilized cell can only develop into a human being and is not merely a piece of tissue. Professional nursing interpretation is that nursing action directed towards killing of a human being (unborn child) is against the nature and the essence of the nursing profession. A different opinion states that a nurse cares for patients who have decided for the operation. The nurse doesn't judge but respects the individual's decision. Some proabortion viewpoints considered the endangering of the mother's life by the unborn child, and the case of rape. With the arguments against abortion the question arises how to help the woman with unwanted pregnancy. Psychological counseling is emphasized as well as responsible and careful assistance. Referral to the Society for Protection of the Unborn Child (VBOK) is considered as well as other agencies. Further reader comments on this subject are solicited.

  7. Asian Highlands Perspectives 10

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    various

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The third volume of collected essays from AHP includes ten new articles, one essay in the Mongghul language, three original short stories, and five folktales. The A mdo Tibetan Lab rtse Ritual by Kelsang Norbu Childbirth and Childcare in Rdo sbis Tibetan Township by Klu mo tshe ring and Gerald Roche Dmu rdo: A Powerful Hero and Mountain Deity by G.yung 'brug and Rin chen rdo rje Echoes from Si gang lih: Burao Yilu's 'Moon Mountain'by Mark Bender The Failure of Vocational Training in Tibetan Areas of China by Shiyong, Wang Fuel and Solar Cooker Impact in Ya na gdung Village, Gcan tsha County, Mtsho sngon (Qinghai Province by Rdo rje don 'grub "I, Ya ri a bsod, Am a Dog": The Life and Music of a Tibetan Mendicant Singer by Skal dbang skyid, Sha bo don sgrub rdo rje, Sgrol ma mtsho, Gerald Roche, Eric Schweickert, and Dpa' rtse rgyal Purity and Fortune in Phug sde Village Rituals by Sa mtsho skyid and Gerald Roche Rgyas bzang Tibetan Tribe Hunting Loreby Bkra shis dpal 'bar sa.bə: A Tibetan Rite of Passageby Lhundrom Muulasan Mongghulby Limusishiden Story - Fateby Gelsang Lhamu Story - A Stolen Journey by Blo bzang tshe ring Story - Is It Karma?by Pad ma rgya mtsho Folklore - Bear and Rabbit (Iby G.yu lha Folklore - Bear and Rabbit (IIby Snying dkar skyid Folklore - The Frog Boy and His Family by Chodpaylhamo Folklore - Mchig nges and Repaying a Debt of Gratitude by Zla ba sgrol ma

  8. The Dissemination and Influence of Buddhist Retribution, Hell and Confession during the Wei, Jin, Southern and Northern Dynasties%魏晋南北朝时期佛教报应、地狱及忏悔观念的传播与影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李传军

    2012-01-01

    With the dissemination and development of Buddhism in China during the Wei, Jin, Southern and Northern Dynasties, the religious concepts of karma, the punishments in the hell, confession and exemption from punishment were introduced into China. As a religious ritual of Buddhism, confession has great influence on Chinese monks and nuns as well as the common people. The introduction of confession, to some extent, has made up for some loss of moral self-discipline of Confucianism. Confession is an important cultural product of Buddhist sinicization, moreover, it has became a crucial factor that influences the cultural character of Chinese scholars and social psychology.%魏晋南北朝时期随着佛教在中国的传播和发展,因果报应、地狱受过和忏悔负罪等宗教观念也传入了中国。忏悔之法,作为佛教的一种宗教仪规,对中国一般僧尼乃至普通士人和民众的历史影响十分突出。忏悔观念的传入,在一定程度上弥补了中国儒学道德自律的某种缺失,是佛教中国化的重要文化产物,成为影响中国士人文化品格和社会心理的重要因素。

  9. Sıcak Presleme Yöntemi Kullanılarak Kompozit Malzemelerin Üretilebilirliği Üzerine Bir Değerlendirme

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Engin Nas, ,

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Araştırmacılar, endüstriyel malzemelerin dayanım özelliklerini, gün geçtikçe artan endüstriyel beklentileri karşılamak amacıyla, sürekli geliştirme çalışmalarına devam etmektedirler. Bu çalışmaların birçoğu; kompozit malzemelerin (KM geliştirilmesi üzerinedir. Bu malzemeler, günümüzde geleneksel malzemelerden ayrı düşünülemez bir malzeme grubunu oluşturmaktadır. Kompozit; metal, seramik, plastik ve refrakter gibi geleneksel malzeme gruplarına, çoğunlukla fiber, kılcal kristal, pulcuk, parçacık vd., formlarda takviye elemanı ilavesiyle elde edilen karma yapılı bir malzemedir. Kompozit malzemelerin genel üretim yöntemleri, ana fazın hal durumuna bağlı olarak sıvı, katı ve katı~sıvı hal olmak üzere üç ana grupta toplanır. Günümüzde, katı hal üretim tekniklerinden toz metalürjisi (TM kompozitlerin üretiminde yaygın kullanım alanına sahiptir. Bu çalışmada, toz metalürji üretim tekniğinde kullanılan sıcak presleme (SP yönteminin, kompozit malzemelerin üretilebilirliği üzerindeki etkileri değerlendirilmiştir.

  10. History of son preference and sex selection in India and in the west.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bandyopadhyay, Sutapa; Singh, Amarjeet

    2003-01-01

    In the history of mankind, there was a time when women dominated the world. In due course of time, as the patriarchal societies evolved, the status of women gradually declined. Sons were preferred to daughters. In India, the Brahmin community promoted such customs and rituals, which gave more and more importance to sons eg. Lighting the funeral pyre of the father was told to be a pre-condition for salvation of his spirit. Similarly, in western civilization also women were considered to be weak. In consonance with such a mind-set man has been trying various techniques for sex-selection since antiquity eg. for acquiring a son choosing a special day, time and posture for sexual intercourse, special diet, charms and amulet and prayers etc. In Vedas also punsavana karma has been described as a technique for acquiring a son. Apart from these techniques, female infanticide has also been used as a way to create a male dominated, son-worshipping society. On development of the technique of ultrasonography as an example of progress of science and technology, man has devised a new way of killing females in womb itself, which has resulted in continuous decline in female: male sex ratio in India. To stop this, Indian Govt. promulgated PNDT Act 1994. But considering the widely prevalent practice of use of various regimen of sex-pre-selection by people as well as unscrupulous medical practitioners, Govt. of India has amended this Act (2002). Still, as authors have found in one of their studies, sex-selection drugs are being used widely by north Indians for getting a son. Here, it should be noted that sex-selection methods are being used in west also. But the perspective is different. There, it is not used for female feticide or for acquiring a son. Rather, it is more an effort towards demonstrating the control of man over the NATURE.

  11. Development of a Multi-Group Neutron Cross Section Library Generation System for PWR

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Kang Seog; Hong, Ser Gi; Song, Jae Seung; Lee, Kyung Hoon; Cho, Jin Young; Kim, Ha Yong; Koo, Bon Seung; Shim, Hyung Jin; Park, Sang Yoon

    2008-10-15

    This report describes a generation system of multi-group cross section library which is used in the KARMA lattice calculation code. In particular, the theoretical methodologies, program structures, and input preparations for the constituent programs of the system are described in detail. The library generation system consists of the following five programs : ANJOY, GREDIT, MERIT, SUBDATA, and LIBGEN. ANJOY generates automatically the NJOY input files and two batch files for automatic NJOY run for all the nuclides considered. The automatic NJOY run gives TAPE 23 (PENDF output file of BROADR module of NJOY) and TAPE24 (GENDF output file of GROUPR module of NJOY) files for each nuclide. GREDIT prepares a formatted multi-group cross section file in which the cross sections are tabulated versus temperature and background cross section after reading the TAPE24 file. MERIT generates the hydrogen equivalence factors and the resonance integral tables by solving the slowing down equation with ultra-fine group cross sections which are prepared with the TAPE 23 file. SUBDATA generates the subgroup data including subgroup levels and weights after reading the MERIT output file. Finally, LIBGEN generates the final multi-group library file by assembling the data prepared in the previous steps and by reading the other data such as fission product yield data and decay data.The multi-group cross section library includes general multi-group cross sections, resonance data, subgroup data, fission product yield data, kappa-values (energy release per fission), and all the data which are required in the depletion calculation. The addition or elimination of the cross sections for some nuclides can be easily done by changing the LIBGEN input file if the general multi-group cross section and the subgroup data files are prepared.

  12. Genome-wide linkage scan for loci of musical aptitude in Finnish families: evidence for a major locus at 4q22.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pulli, K; Karma, K; Norio, R; Sistonen, P; Göring, H H H; Järvelä, I

    2008-07-01

    Music perception and performance are comprehensive human cognitive functions and thus provide an excellent model system for studying human behaviour and brain function. However, the molecules involved in mediating music perception and performance are so far uncharacterised. To unravel the biological background of music perception, using molecular and statistical genetic approaches. 15 Finnish multigenerational families (with a total of 234 family members) were recruited via a nationwide search. The phenotype of all family members was determined using three tests used in defining musical aptitude: a test for auditory structuring ability (Karma Music test; KMT) commonly used in Finland, and the Seashore pitch and time discrimination subtests (SP and ST respectively) used internationally. We calculated heritabilities and performed a genome-wide variance components-based linkage scan using genotype data for 1113 microsatellite markers. The heritability estimates were 42% for KMT, 57% for SP, 21% for ST and 48% for the combined music test scores. Significant evidence of linkage was obtained on chromosome 4q22 (LOD 3.33) and suggestive evidence of linkage at 8q13-21 (LOD 2.29) with the combined music test scores, using variance component linkage analyses. The major contribution of the 4q22 locus was obtained for the KMT (LOD 2.91). Interestingly, a positive LOD score of 1.69 was shown at 18q, a region previously linked to dyslexia (DYX6) using combined music test scores. Our results show that there is a genetic contribution to musical aptitude that is likely to be regulated by several predisposing genes or variants.

  13. Effect of an integrated approach of yoga therapy on quality of life in osteoarthritis of the knee joint: A randomized control study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Ebnezar

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim: This study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of addition of integrated yoga therapy to therapeutic exercises in osteoarthritis (OA of knee joints. Materials and Methods: This was a prospective randomized active control trial. A total of t participants with OA of knee joints between 35 and 80 years (yoga, 59.56 ± 9.54 and control, 59.42 ± 10.66 from the outpatient department of Dr. John′s Orthopedic Center, Bengaluru, were randomly assigned to receive yoga or physiotherapy exercises after transcutaneous electrical stimulation and ultrasound treatment of the affected knee joints. Both groups practiced supervised intervention (40 min per day for 2 weeks (6 days per week with followup for 3 months. The module of integrated yoga consisted of shithilikaranavyayama (loosening and strengthening, asanas, relaxation techniques, pranayama, meditation and didactic lectures on yama, niyama, jnana yoga, bhakti yoga, and karma yoga for a healthy lifestyle change. The control group also had supervised physiotherapy exercises. A total of 118 (yoga and 117 (control were available for final analysis. Results: Significant differences were observed within (P < 0.001, Wilcoxon′s and between groups (P < 0.001, Mann-Whitney U-test on all domains of the Short Form-36 (P < 0.004, with better results in the yoga group than in the control group, both at 15 th day and 90 th day. Conclusion: An integrated approach of yoga therapy is better than therapeutic exercises as an adjunct to transcutaneous electrical stimulation and ultrasound treatment in improving knee disability and quality of life in patients with OA knees.

  14. Doğrudan Sermaye Yatırımları, Ticari Dışa Açıklık ve Ekonomik Büyüme Arasındaki İlişki: Türkiye ve BRICS Ülkeleri Örneği

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurgün TOPALLI

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Doğrudan sermaye yatırımları ve ekonomik büyüme ilişkisi gelişmiş ve gelişmekte olan ülkeler için tartışılan bir konudur. Bu çalışmanın amacı, BRICS ülkelerinde ve Türkiye’de 1982-2013 döneminde doğrudan sermaye yatırımları, ticari dışa açıklık ve ekonomik büyüme arasındaki ilişkiyi incelemektir. İlişkiyi incelemek amacıyla CADF birim kök testi ve Emirmahmutoğlu ve Köse (2011 nedensellik testi kullanılmıştır. Sonuçlar ekonomik büyümeden doğrudan yabancı yatırımlara doğru tek yönlü nedensellik olduğunu göstermiştir. Ayrıca ekonomik büyüme ve ticari dışa açıklık arasında çift yönlü nedensellik ilişkisi olduğu tespit edilmiştir. Doğrudan yabancı yatırımlar ve ticari dışa açıklık arasında çift yönlü nedensellik ilişkisi saptanmıştır. Bireysel ülke sonuçlarına göre ise karma bulgular elde edilmiştir.

  15. Spatiotemporal dynamics of calcium-driven cardiac alternans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skardal, Per Sebastian; Karma, Alain; Restrepo, Juan G

    2014-05-01

    We investigate the dynamics of spatially discordant alternans (SDA) driven by an instability of intracellular calcium cycling using both amplitude equations [P. S. Skardal, A. Karma, and J. G. Restrepo, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 108103 (2012)] and ionic model simulations. We focus on the common case where the bidirectional coupling of intracellular calcium concentration and membrane voltage dynamics produces calcium and voltage alternans that are temporally in phase. We find that, close to the alternans bifurcation, SDA is manifested as a smooth wavy modulation of the amplitudes of both repolarization and calcium transient (CaT) alternans, similarly to the well-studied case of voltage-driven alternans. In contrast, further away from the bifurcation, the amplitude of CaT alternans jumps discontinuously at the nodes separating out-of-phase regions, while the amplitude of repolarization alternans remains smooth. We identify universal dynamical features of SDA pattern formation and evolution in the presence of those jumps. We show that node motion of discontinuous SDA patterns is strongly hysteretic even in homogeneous tissue due to the novel phenomenon of "unidirectional pinning": node movement can only be induced towards, but not away from, the pacing site in response to a change of pacing rate or physiological parameter. In addition, we show that the wavelength of discontinuous SDA patterns scales linearly with the conduction velocity restitution length scale, in contrast to the wavelength of smooth patterns that scales sublinearly with this length scale. Those results are also shown to be robust against cell-to-cell fluctuations due to the property that unidirectional node motion collapses multiple jumps accumulating in nodal regions into a single jump. Amplitude equation predictions are in good overall agreement with ionic model simulations. Finally, we briefly discuss physiological implications of our findings. In particular, we suggest that due to the tendency of

  16. Amount of stroma is associated with mammographic density and stromal expression of oestrogen receptor in normal breast tissues.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gabrielson, Marike; Chiesa, Flaminia; Paulsson, Janna; Strell, Carina; Behmer, Catharina; Rönnow, Katarina; Czene, Kamila; Östman, Arne; Hall, Per

    2016-07-01

    Following female sex and age, mammographic density is considered one of the strongest risk factors for breast cancer. Despite the association between mammographic density and breast cancer risk, little is known about the underlying histology and biological basis of breast density. To better understand the mechanisms behind mammographic density we assessed morphology, proliferation and hormone receptor status in relation to mammographic density in breast tissues from healthy women. Tissues were obtained from 2012-2013 by ultrasound-guided core needle biopsy from 160 women as part of the Karma (Karolinska mammography project for risk prediction for breast cancer) project. Mammograms were collected through routine mammography screening and mammographic density was calculated using STRATUS. The histological composition, epithelial and stromal proliferation status and hormone receptor status were assessed through immunohistochemical staining. Higher mammographic density was significantly associated with a greater proportion of stromal and epithelial tissue and a lower proportion of adipose tissue. Epithelial expression levels of Ki-67, oestrogen receptor (ER) and progesterone receptor (PR) were not associated with mammographic density. Epithelial Ki-67 was associated with a greater proportion of epithelial tissue, and epithelial PR was associated with a greater proportion of stromal and a lower proportion of adipose tissue. Epithelial ER was not associated with any tissues. In contrast, expression of ER in the stroma was significantly associated with a greater proportion of stroma, and negatively associated with the amount of adipose tissue. High mammographic density is associated with higher amount of stroma and epithelium and less amount of fat, but is not associated with a change in epithelial proliferation or receptor status. Increased expressions of both epithelial PR and stromal ER are associated with a greater proportion of stroma, suggesting hormonal involvement

  17. LA CONCIENCIA MIRÁNDOSE A SÍ MISMA: Reconceptualizando la organización de los procesos conscientes desde un análisis budista.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Cristóbal Ruiz D.

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available La conciencia ha constituido uno de los principales problemas para las ciencias cognitivas. A un nive l epistemológico de la reflexión, esta dificultad est á dada en cómo se ha conceptualizado el problema, y las entidades conceptuales que constituyen el paradigma del procesamiento de la información, marco imperante del cognitivismo en la neurociencia cogni tiva y la psicología cognitiva. Pensar la concienci a como un producto de un proceso lógico-secuencial es un supuesto difícil de sostener dada la vasta evidencia actual de que el cerebro está en constant e actividad, con múltiples áreas que se activan de manera simultanea, y por otra parte en un organismo que si empre se encuentra en movimiento. Desde esta posici ón, proponemos la comprensión de la conciencia a partir de un análisis desde la filosofía budista, que es un riguroso estudio desde una perspectiva de primera p ersona. La psicología budista plantea a la concienc ia como un fenómeno interdependiente de causas y condi ciones y como un flujo dinámico, de momentos ligados en una relación de causalidad o karma . Este análisis que proveniente de las diferentes e xperiencias meditativas, con una enorme tradición, está relacio nado con los nuevos hallazgos de la neurociencia cognitiva y de la neurodinámica. Lo que nos plantea mos aquí, es proponer una reconceptualización preliminar que podría dar luces para un nuevo model o teórico para el estudio de los procesos conscientes.

  18. Soul and its Fate after Death in Jainism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Banafshe Mutaqi

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Although considered as one of the Hindu religions and despite some similarities, Jainism, due to its attitude towards soul and its origin, is placed somehow contrary to Hinduism.  Jainism and Hinduism have many similar characteristic features, including the concepts of samsara, karma and moksha.  However, Jain’s attitude to human nature and his final goal and the way to reach that goal distinguishes it from Hinduism. Despite huge complexities of Jainism, it can be said that soul (jÄ«va plays a critical role in this religion; respect to creatures, no matter in what rank they are (Ahiṃsā, is the main and fundamental rule of Jainism; this respect is derived definitely not from a materialistic aspect, but rather due to a soul which reaches a superior rank of human existence by passing through different worlds; therefore, Jainists, following specific ethical principles and going through severe physical austerities, as a result of which  the effect of Matter (AjÄ«va on the soul (jÄ«va is disappeared, can achieve the state of sincerity (Maqam e Kholus and essence of being. This state has a godlike status in Jainism. However, achieving this feature will be examined by describing the issues relevant to this religion. Clearly, it will be explained by examining the concept of soul and its type and the relationship between soul/body and soul/deed, as well as the issue of incarnation and the way to salvation in this religion

  19. The Essence of Hindu Doctrine and its Influence on Christianity in America and Europe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandru-Corneliu Arion

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper addresses the topic of the identity of Hindu religion and its impact on Christianity in the West (i.e. in Europe and USA, which is to be seen, especially through Neo-Hindu movements (that occurred mainly during 1950s–1980s. Thus, features and key terms such as: authority of the Veda, Dharma, moksha, samsāra and karma, the paths to liberation, concept of God, Brahman-ātman, avidyā and māyā and AUM are sketchily presented in the first part of the paper. There are obvious differences between both Hindu schools and Christian faith which regards 1. Ultimate concern: For the Hindu, it is escape from the human condition, whereas for the Christian it is freedom from guilt, sin, and the devil; 2. Human nature: For the Christian it is creaturely and sinful; for the Hindu it is divine; 3. Human problem: It is moral sin for the Christian and intellectual ignorance for the Hindu; 4. Resolution: For the Christian it is a divine act at infinite cost to God; for the Hindu it is human effort, sometimes mixed with grace, without cost to the god. In the second part it is presented the debated problem of Gurus and their movements and Neo-Hindu movements sprung at the second half of 20th century, such as Satya Sai Baba, International Society for Krishna Consciousness and meditation for “transcendental consciousness” (TM. In any case, the Indian offspring demonstrate that we have come to an important moment in the history of religions, one in which new religious landscapes continually emerge like the images of a kaleidoscope and where people will have to learn whether it is possible to share the same planet.

  20. Soul and its Fate after Death in Jainism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Mehdi Alimardi

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Although considered as one of the Hindu religions and despite some similarities, Jainism, due to its attitude towards soul and its origin, is placed somehow contrary to Hinduism.  Jainism and Hinduism have many similar characteristic features, including the concepts of samsara, karma and moksha.  However, Jain’s attitude to human nature and his final goal and the way to reach that goal distinguishes it from Hinduism. Despite huge complexities of Jainism, it can be said that soul (jīva plays a critical role in this religion; respect to creatures, no matter in what rank they are (Ahiṃsā, is the main and fundamental rule of Jainism; this respect is derived definitely not from a materialistic aspect, but rather due to a soul which reaches a superior rank of human existence by passing through different worlds; therefore, Jainists, following specific ethical principles and going through severe physical austerities, as a result of which  the effect of Matter (Ajīva on the soul (jīva is disappeared, can achieve the state of sincerity (Maqam e Kholus and essence of being. This state has a godlike status in Jainism. However, achieving this feature will be examined by describing the issues relevant to this religion. Clearly, it will be explained by examining the concept of soul and its type and the relationship between soul/body and soul/deed, as well as the issue of incarnation and the way to salvation in this religion

  1. Musical Aptitude Is Associated with AVPR1A-Haplotypes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ukkola, Liisa T.; Onkamo, Päivi; Raijas, Pirre; Karma, Kai; Järvelä, Irma

    2009-01-01

    Artistic creativity forms the basis of music culture and music industry. Composing, improvising and arranging music are complex creative functions of the human brain, which biological value remains unknown. We hypothesized that practicing music is social communication that needs musical aptitude and even creativity in music. In order to understand the neurobiological basis of music in human evolution and communication we analyzed polymorphisms of the arginine vasopressin receptor 1A (AVPR1A), serotonin transporter (SLC6A4), catecol-O-methyltranferase (COMT), dopamin receptor D2 (DRD2) and tyrosine hydroxylase 1 (TPH1), genes associated with social bonding and cognitive functions in 19 Finnish families (n = 343 members) with professional musicians and/or active amateurs. All family members were tested for musical aptitude using the auditory structuring ability test (Karma Music test; KMT) and Carl Seashores tests for pitch (SP) and for time (ST). Data on creativity in music (composing, improvising and/or arranging music) was surveyed using a web-based questionnaire. Here we show for the first time that creative functions in music have a strong genetic component (h2 = .84; composing h2 = .40; arranging h2 = .46; improvising h2 = .62) in Finnish multigenerational families. We also show that high music test scores are significantly associated with creative functions in music (p<.0001). We discovered an overall haplotype association with AVPR1A gene (markers RS1 and RS3) and KMT (p = 0.0008; corrected p = 0.00002), SP (p = 0.0261; corrected p = 0.0072) and combined music test scores (COMB) (p = 0.0056; corrected p = 0.0006). AVPR1A haplotype AVR+RS1 further suggested a positive association with ST (p = 0.0038; corrected p = 0.00184) and COMB (p = 0.0083; corrected p = 0.0040) using haplotype-based association test HBAT. The results suggest that the neurobiology of music perception and production is likely to be

  2. ELEKTRiK GÜÇ SİSTEMLERİNDE KAOTiK OLAYLARıN BAŞLANGlÇ ŞARTLARINA HASSAS BAGIMLILIGI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. ALİ YALÇIN

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available Bu çalışmada,geniş bir yükleme durumu aralığındaki bir güç sistemindeki kaotik davranışlar bilgisayar simülasyonları yardımıyla gözlemlenmektedir. "Tuhaf çekici" olarak ta adlandırılan Kaos'un varlığı lyapunov üstellerinin hesaplan masıyla elde edilmektedir. Bilimdeki temel bir inanış, deterministik sistemlerin önceden belli olmasıdır. Verilen deterministik model, bir başlangıç şartı ve çalışma altındaki bir sistemi tanımlar ise, sistem davranışı bütün zamanlar için önceden bilinebilir. Son zamanlardaki, determinizmin kaotik sistemleri önceden tahmin ederneyeceği keşfi bu bakış tarzlarını değiş tirmiştir. Kaos'taki bu buluş bilimlerdeki ve mühendislik sistemlerinde geniş olarak karşımıza çıkan karmaşık ve önceden kestirile meyen olayları anlamamızı sağlamaktadır. Kaotik sistemlerin genel özelliklerinden biri de başlangıç şartlarına oldukça duyarlı olmalarıdır. Bu nedenle pratikte bire bir uyumlu kaotik devreler dizayn edilse bile bu başlangıç şartlarını aynı şekilde vermek mümkün değildir Gerilim çökmesi mekanizmasının nasıl gerçekleştiğini gösteren, mümkün olan en basit modeli elde etmek için, hassas modelierne kabulleri yapmak ger eklidir. Bu ;alışmada, yavaşça değişen kararlı bir denge ıoktasını izleyen bir güç sistemi kullanılmıştır.

  3. A plague in prostitution: HIV and AIDS in Thailand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shih, J

    1994-05-01

    Religion, culture, socioeconomics, political factors, and even geography play important roles in the spread of HIV in Thailand. The author discusses these factors, emphasizing the role of Thailand's significant commercial sex trade. Politics, poverty, and geography together form much of the basis of the patterns of HIV's spread throughout Thailand. Although 80% of the Thai population lives in rural areas, the Thai government since the 1950s has invested disproportionately large amounts of resources in the urban sector at the expense of rural areas. Opportunities for economic gain and overall advancement are therefore greater in urban centers. Girls and young women of predominantly poor rural households therefore migrate to Thai cities to work in brothels. As prostitutes, they make, without education, better wages than they could working in factories. After buying what they need to accommodate their urban lifestyles, the women may send money in support of their rural-based families as well as to monasteries and temples. These latter contributions are made in keeping with Theravada Buddhism, the predominant faith, which regards female prostitutes are very low on the cosmological scale in the quest for nirvana both because they are women and they come from poor families. It is hoped that by contributing to the faith, one's karma will be improved, thus allowing return in the next lifetime as a man, preferably wealthy. There are an estimated 80,000-1,000,000 prostitutes in Thailand. Each may have sexual intercourse with up to twenty clients per day. Their clients include international tourists as well as local Thai men. At least 450,000 Thai men visit prostitutes daily, with at least 75% of Thai men having had paid sex at least once. One researcher found that 72% of the low-class prostitutes were HIV-seropositive, while another examination of a few brothels found all prostitutes to be infected. 50% of Thai men reported in a 1990 study that they never use a condom, 26

  4. ANTI INFLAMMATORY EFFECT OF BASTI THERAPY (MEDICATED ENEMA IN THE PATIENTS OF PSORIASIS (EK KUSTHA

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    Singh Akhilesh Kumar

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Ek kustha is a type of kshudra kustha described in different Ayurvedic classics. It is a vata-kaphaj disorder. The clinical symptom of Ek kustha described in Ayurveda resembles with the clinical symptom of Psoriasis. The clinical feature of Ek kustha described by Kashyap represents remission, relapse and seasonal variation, which are present in Psoriasis. Psoriasis like other skin disorders is challenge to the medical sciences. In modern medicine there is no definite treatment for this disease. The medicines, which are available to treat the disease, are not very effective and cannot be used for long-term management because of their local and systemic side effect as well as toxicity. Medicines, which are used in Ayurveda, are safe and being practiced since thousands of year. A large number of drugs and measures are described in Ayurveda for the treatment of Kustha. This study was designed to access the anti-inflammatory activity of Basti Therapy (Medicated Enema in the treatment of Ek kustha (psoriasis. The study was randomized open phase clinical trial. Basti planned for the therapy was Yoga-basti Karma in which Anuvasana basti was given using Mahanarayan tail while Niruh basti was given using Dashmula quath in accordance with Aharya Charak as mentioned in Siddhi Sthana 1/25. Keeping this view in mind we have started basti therapy in the patients of osteoarthritis and found encouraging results. The patients of age group 18 to 60 were selected on the basis of Ayurvedic signs and symptoms of Ek kustha. Observations were recorded for sharply defined erythemo-squamous lesions varying in size; presence of erythema, scaling and induration in the lesions; surface consists of non-coherent scales; positive Auspitz sign – (Bleeding occurs after scratching of scales; positive onion peeling sign/candle grease sign (after scratching the scales fall like peels of onion. The laboratory values of TLC, DLC, ESR and CRP were also recorded before and after the

  5. The Ideas of God, Good and Evil in the Refigured Yoga Practices in Metropolitan area of Buenos Aires city

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    Mercedes Saizar

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Yoga is a widespread therapeutic option; it is the most popular among the oriental rooted medicines, what is more, is accepted and recommended by biomedical doctors like a complementary medicine. Currently, in a context of alternatives therapies offer, yoga appears like one of the disciplines which certain individual uses at least once in their ways of health search. The variety of options, cost and modality of the practice, the appropriation and acceptance on part of dissimilar groups, the proposal of a delicate physical exercise of the body, the compatibility that users find between their system of beliefs and the proposals of this discipline with the possibility of enjoying their benefits without adopting a new life-style, has positioned the practice of yoga as a popular choice and possible way of initiation in other searches associated to the context of the New Age. In this sense, from the point of view of the social actors, yoga is understood as a medicine that include very diverse practices, from a diet to the handling of the altered states of consciousness, from the mobilization of energies through the accomplishment of asanas to a very disclosed and well-known technique as gymnastics yoga. The process of appropriation of the Eastern practices, including yoga, has implied a phenomenon of re-meaning of the main concepts and Eastern structures of thought - aura, chakra, atman, purusha, karma, Brahma, dharma- in terms of values, categories and western experiences of the religions and philosophical currents, those that add essential dichotomies to these conceptions like good and evil, sin and punishment, spiritual and material, radically transforming the Eastern knowledge. In this opportunity, our interests focuses on investigate the slight knowledge of God, Good and Evil, that emerge from such appropriation processes that cross the yoga practices, conceiving it like a totality, in the context of the alternative practices and the phenomena of

  6. Musical aptitude is associated with AVPR1A-haplotypes.

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    Liisa T Ukkola

    Full Text Available Artistic creativity forms the basis of music culture and music industry. Composing, improvising and arranging music are complex creative functions of the human brain, which biological value remains unknown. We hypothesized that practicing music is social communication that needs musical aptitude and even creativity in music. In order to understand the neurobiological basis of music in human evolution and communication we analyzed polymorphisms of the arginine vasopressin receptor 1A (AVPR1A, serotonin transporter (SLC6A4, catecol-O-methyltranferase (COMT, dopamin receptor D2 (DRD2 and tyrosine hydroxylase 1 (TPH1, genes associated with social bonding and cognitive functions in 19 Finnish families (n = 343 members with professional musicians and/or active amateurs. All family members were tested for musical aptitude using the auditory structuring ability test (Karma Music test; KMT and Carl Seashores tests for pitch (SP and for time (ST. Data on creativity in music (composing, improvising and/or arranging music was surveyed using a web-based questionnaire. Here we show for the first time that creative functions in music have a strong genetic component (h(2 = .84; composing h(2 = .40; arranging h(2 = .46; improvising h(2 = .62 in Finnish multigenerational families. We also show that high music test scores are significantly associated with creative functions in music (p<.0001. We discovered an overall haplotype association with AVPR1A gene (markers RS1 and RS3 and KMT (p = 0.0008; corrected p = 0.00002, SP (p = 0.0261; corrected p = 0.0072 and combined music test scores (COMB (p = 0.0056; corrected p = 0.0006. AVPR1A haplotype AVR+RS1 further suggested a positive association with ST (p = 0.0038; corrected p = 0.00184 and COMB (p = 0.0083; corrected p = 0.0040 using haplotype-based association test HBAT. The results suggest that the neurobiology of music perception and production is likely to be related to the pathways affecting intrinsic attachment

  7. THE POETIC STRUCTURE IN KEMALETTIN KAMU’S POEMS: IMAGE, LANGUAGE, AND STYLE KEMALETTİN KAMU’NUN ŞİİRLERİNDE POETİK YAPI: İMAJ, DİL VE ÜSLUP

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    Özden APAYDIN

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to evaluate the features of image, language and style in the poems of Kemalettin Kamu, a poet of Turkish literature in Armistice era. These features are quite important to reveal the poetic structure in Kamu’s poems. As the poet reflected his inner world to the outer world via literature, images in his poems are classed under certain headings in accordance with the common features. These headings derived from the evaluation of images in his poems are also deemed to have value in reflecting his inner world more concretely. The language and style used by Kemalettin Kamu, a.k.a. the poet of the motherland and faraway places from the motherland, in his poems will be analysed and evaluated in a separate section. Bu çalışma, Türk edebiyatının mütareke dönemi şairlerinden Kemalettin Kamu’nun şiirlerindeki imaj, dil ve üslup özelliklerini değerlendirmeyi amaçlamıştır. Bu özellikler, Kamu’nun şiirlerindeki poetik yapıyı ortaya çıkarması bakımından oldukça önemlidir. Şiirlerdeki imajlar ortak özelliklerine göre belli başlıklar altında toplanarak sınıflandırılmıştır. Eserlerinde yer verdiği imajların değerlendirilmesi ile ortaya çıkan bu başlıkların, Kamu’nun iç dünyasını daha somut bir biçimde yansıtması bakımından ayrıca bir değeri olduğu düşünülmektedir. Kemalettin Kamu’nun şiirlerinde kullandığı dil ve üslup ise ayrı bir bölümde incelenmiştir.

  8. Local-Reference Patient Dose Evaluation in Conventional Radiography Examinations in Mazandaran, Iran

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    Khoshdel-Navi D.

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: The most efficient application of ionizing radiation is serving medical purposes and using this radiation has caused people to learn that artificial sources of radiation exposure among these resources can be of highest exposure rate. Obiective: The present study is aimed at initially establishing a baseline for localreference dose level in Mazandaran, Iran in 12 projections of the most conventional x-ray examination. Methods: In this study, 13 public hospitals in Mazandaran province were selected for review and required data collected for ten adult patients with mean weight of 70±10kg in each projection. Then, information of each center was separately analyzed. Next, in order to measure x-ray output tube, the dosimeter RTI model Barracuda calibrated has been applied for measuring air karma within energy rage of 40-150kvp. ESAK and ESD parameters, usually used for monitoring DRL in conventional radiography, were calculated. Results: Mean ESDs in this study has been obtained to 1.47±0.98 for skull (PA/ AP, 1.01±0.79 for skull (LAT, 0.67±0.38 for cervical spine (AP, 0.79±0.37 for cervical (LAT, 0.49±0.38 for chest (PA/AP, 1.06±0.44 for chest (LAT, 2.15±0.73 for thoracic spine (AP, 3±0.87 for thoracic spine (LAT, 2.81 ±0.82 for lumbar spine (AP, 4.28±0.78 for lumbar (LAT, 2.07±1.17 for abdomen and 1.90±0.99 for pelvis, respectively. The ESDs calculated for chest examination in both projections, PA and LAT are more than values recommended by the UK (2000, Brazil and Slovenia. Conclusion: The present study has determined wide variations in radiation dose of x-ray examinations among hospitals in Mazandaran, Iran. In order to reduce skin dose, an optimization procedure should be considered. Application of a reference dose (DRL could be a practical method for this purpose. The role of optimization of radiography parameters for reducing patient dose is a significant issue. Through optimizing parameters, it would be possible to

  9. Ethnomedicinal plants used by the people of Manang district, central Nepal

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    Chaudhary Ram P

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The district of Manang (2000 – 6000 m is located in the Central Himalayas, Nepal. The majority of local inhabitants of the area are Gurungs, of Tibetan origin. The remoteness of the region has resulted in continued use of plants as medicine in an area where the ethnobotany has sparsely been documented. Methods Interviews were conducted with amchi (Tibetan medicinal practitioners, local healers (including priests locally known as 'lamas', plant traders, and knowledgeable villagers (including herders regarding local plant names and their medicinal uses during several field visits (2002–2005. When convenient to the locals, a jungle or forest walk was done with the healers, allowing for both plant collection and detailed information gathering. Results This present research documented 91 ethnomedicinal plant species, belonging to 40 families under 73 genera, and 45 new ethnomedicinal plant species are added. These 91 locally used medicinal plants are found to treat 93 ailments. This study provides information on 45 plant species previously unknown for their medicinal uses in Manang. The indication for use, mode of preparation, dose and administration of medicine are described in detail for each species. Conclusion This wealth of ethnobotanical knowledge persists, and is being transferred to the next generation in some areas in upper Manang, in a country where this is often not the case. The senior amchi of the area (Karma Sonam Lama, who has been practicing Tibetan medicine for three generations, feels that it is of utmost importance to conserve the traditional healing system and to pass his knowledge on to the local community about the importance of medicinal plants. He hopes that this will lead to the conservation and sustainable management of medicinal plants in the villages. Over the duration of this research, the prices of several rare medicinal plants of Manang increased dramatically, highlighting both the scarcity and

  10. POETRY AFTER TANZİMAT AND ISMAİL SAFÂ TANZİMAT SONRASI ŞİİR ANLAYIŞI VE İSMAİL SAFÂ

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    Sefa YÜCE

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available İsmail Safâ was a poet of a transitional period. He was ipraised by Muallim Naci and he attracted the attention of his peers. In the discussion of antiqutiy-innovation, he took Ekrem’s stand and adopts new approach in poetry. He participated to Servet-i Fünûn (Wealth of Sciences Community. He took Ekrem’s “Talim-i Edebiyat” (Instruction of Literature production as a model. He wrote theoretical productions regarding main problems of literature.İsmail Safâ was a poet who knew poetry well and attracted attention with having command of the language. Also one of his characteristics seperating him from other poets is to put forward the concept of “national language”. Believing that art can not exist without science poet became a model to young poets in this case by defending the vitality of science of literature.In this study, Literature’s theorectical problems are tried to be assessed by addressing from the point of İsmail Safâ’s productions İsmail Safâ, bir geçiş dönemi şairidir. Edebiyatta eskilik-yenilik tartışmalarında Recaizâde Ekrem’in tarafını tutar ve yeni şiir anlayışını benimser. Servet-i Fünûn topluluğuna katılır. Ekrem’in “Talim-i Edebiyat” eserinden etkilenerek edebiyatın temel sorunlarıyla ilgili teorik eserler yazar. İsmail Safâ, şiir ve şiiriyeti iyi bilen, dile hakimiyeti ile dikkat çeken bir şairdir. Ayrıca onu diğer şairlerden ayıran bir niteliği de “millî dil” kavramını öne çıkarmasıdır. İlimsiz sanat olamayacağını düşünen şair, edebiyat ilminin gerekliliğini savunarak bu konuda genç şairlere örnek olur.Bu çalışmada, İsmail Safâ’nın eserlerinden hareketle edebiyatın teorik sorunları ele alınarak değerlendirilmeye çalışılmaktadır.

  11. Obituary - Dr. S. G. Mudgal (11 Nov 1923-15 Aug 2005

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    Ajai R. Singh

    2005-11-01

    Full Text Available In the loss of Prof (Dr. S.G. Mudgal, the world of philosophy has lost an eminent torch -bearer of the classical Indian tradition. His benign presence, stately bearing, and benevolent guidance to all his students and peers in the field was something to be experienced. Words are inadequate to describe such an experience. His anguish towards the neglect of the Indian tradition, and dismay at finding bright minds trying to stilt and distort the Indian philosophical corpus by viewing it through western methodology and approach was palpable. He was one of the finest of the committed proponents of that which was the best in ancient Indian thought. And he had no regrets proclaiming it. His knowledge of the classical western tradition was adequate for him to find the greatness therein, and find many comparative features, which fortified his abiding interest in the Indian one.Lately he appeared in a hurry, probably realizing the end was near. In 2003 he published his 310 page book The Bhagavad Gita (Himalaya Publishing, a seminal work on the great treatise. This book is his understanding of the Bhagavad Gita, which, according to him, is theistic and realistic:The world, according to the BG is real and not illusory, nor an illusion. The jivas are real. Bondage and attainment of Moksa are also real. Jnana and Bhakti are inclusive; ultimately it is Bhakti which leads to Mukti. Grace of Guru and God are emphasized. Bhakti continues even in the state of Moksa.The Gita does not advocate the doctrine of Karma Sanyasa; but advocates the performance of Karma as worship, as dedication and an offering to God. Work thus done with a sense of dedication or worship, is liberating and not binding. (Back cover of the bookDr Mudgal had been a well known academician, erudite scholar, and an able and efficient administrator. He had been Principal of the well known Ruparel College, Mumbai, and Nowrojee Wadia College, Pune. He made a mark as Professor of Indian Philosophy and

  12. TÜRKİYE MUHASEBE STANDARTLARI VE MÜŞTERİ SADAKATİ PROGRAMLARI KAPSAMINDA VERİLEN PROMOSYON ÜRÜNLERİNİN MUHASEBE UYGULAMASI

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    Engin YARBAŞI

    2011-01-01

    ürdürebilmeleri için 1960’ lı yıllarda 4P olarak da adlandırılan Pazarlama Karması kavramı literatüre girmiştir. Çeşitli tanımlamalar arasında mal, mekân, fiyat ve tutundurma olarak türkçeye çevrilebilecek Pazarlama Karması elemanları müşteriyi bulabilmek ve elde tutabilmek için geliştirilmiş araçlardır.Zaman içerisinde Tutundurma kavramı büyük ölçüde genişlemiş, işletmeler yeni müşteri bulmak ve eski müşteriyi elde tutabilmek için çeşitli yöntemler geliştirilmiştir. Yeni müşteri elde etme maliyetinin eski müşteriyi korumaktan altı kere daha pahalı olduğu görüldüğünde eski müşteriye yatırım yapmak daha cazip hale gelmiştir. Müşteri bağlılığı ya da sadakati olarak adlandırılan eski müşteriyi elde tutmaya yönelik faaliyetlerin zaman farklılığı muhasebe üzerinde de etkili olmuş ve uluslararası muhasebe standartlarına girmiş bulunmaktadır.

  13. Kırgız Atasözlerinin Cümle Yapısı Üzerinde Bazı Gözlemler Some Observations On The Sentence Structures of The Kirghiz Proverbs

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    Mevlüt GÜLTEKİN

    2013-03-01

    alışmamızda, çoğunu, Kırgızistan’da yayımlanmış Bir Miñ Kırgız Eliniñ Makal-Lakaptarı (BM adlı eserle Türkiye’de çıkmış Kırgız Atasözleri (KA adlı iki çalışmadan aldığımız, 97 Kırgız atasözünü cümle yapıları bakımından gözden geçireceğiz. Kalıplaşmış ifade biçimlerinden biri olan Kırgız atasözlerini, cümle yapıları itibarıyla, 1. Basit, 2. Birleşik, a. sıralı, b. girişik, c. şart, ç. iç içe birleşik ve 3. Karmaşık cümle yapısındaki atasözleri olarak tasnif etmek suretiyle inceleyeceğiz. Basit cümle yapısındaki atasözleri (1-101, anlamca bildirme ve emir cümlesi yapısındakiler olmak üzere ikiye ayrılarak gözden geçireceğiz. Sıralı cümle yapısındaki atasözlerini (11-25 ise, dizilişlerine göre, kurallı ve devrik yapıda olanlar olarak inceleyeceğiz. Şartlı birleşik cümle yapısındaki atasözlerini (26-44 de, zarf tümleci, özne, nesne, yer tamlayıcısı vb. işlevli olanlar biçiminde gözden geçireceğiz. İç içe birleşik cümle yapısındaki atasözlerini (45-55 ise, nesne işlevi gören ve degen sıfat-fiilinin önünde gelip vasıflayıcı olarak kullanılanlar diye ikiye ayırarak ele alacağız. Girişik cümle yapısındaki atasözlerini (58-78 ise, A. isim-fiillerle, B. sıfat-fiillerle, C. zarf-fiillerle kurulan girişik birleşik cümle yapısına sahip atasözleri olarak inceleyecek ve bu fiil gruplarının katıldığı birleşik cümlelerdeki işlevlerine de işaret edeceğiz. İçerdiği temel cümlelerden en az birisi girişik cümlecik veya şart cümleciği yapısındaki iki ya da daha fazla sıralı cümleden veya şartlı birleşik cümleden meydana gelen karmaşık cümle yapısındaki atasözlerini (79-97 ise, makalenin sonunda gözden geçireceğiz.

  14. Grammatical gender in German language and the acquisition of this systemAlmancada dilbilgisel cinsiyet sitemi ve bu sistemin yabancı dil olarak edinimi

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    Mehmet Halit Atlı

    2015-09-01

    üşüncenin başlıca nedenlerinden biri tanesi bu dilde olup Türkçede olmayan çok kurallı ve karmaşık bir yapısı olan dilbilgisel cinsiyet sistemi ile her bir dilbilgisel kuralın yanında neredeyse bir dizi yan kuralın (istisna daha bulunmasındandır. Bu dildeki dilbilgisel cinsiyet sisteminin çok kurallı ve karmaşıklığına ve dilbilgisindeki istisnaların çokluğuna ilişkin benzer açıklamalar, hem bu dilin uzmanı olan dilbilimci ve eğitmenler, hem de bu dilin uzmanı olmayan sıradan kişiler tarafından sık sık yapıldığına şahit oluyoruz. Hatta bazı çağdaş dilbilimciler, bu dilin dilbilgisel cinsiyet sistemini belirlemenin hiçbir kuralı olmadığını ve her tekil ismin artikeli ile birlikte ezberlenmesi gerektiğini söyleyecek kadar ileri giderler. Hâlbuki dünyadaki hiçbir dilin, özellikle doğal dillerin bir takım kuralsız yapılardan meydana geldiğini ve bu yapıların öğreniminin/ediniminin semaî olduğunu söylemek doğru değildir. Çünkü modern dilbilim, doğal dillerde bazı kuralsız yapıların olmasına rağmen her dilin bir kurallar bütünü olduğunu, cümlelerin yapıtaşı olan kelimelerin dizilişinin rastgele olmadığını, sözdizimi ve kelime üretiminin belli bir ahenk içinde meydana geldiğini ortaya koymuştur. Betimleyici dilbilim çözümlemesi ile yapılan çalışmalarının birçoğu, dilbilgisel cinsiyet sistemini edinmeye çalışan öğrenicilerin öğrenme/edinme sürecinde biçimbilimsel, anlamsal ve ses bilimsel ilkelere bağlı bazı tümevarımlı kurallara göre hareket ettiklerini gösteriyor. Ancak bu dili L2 olarak edinmeye çalışanların bu kuralları hangi ölçüde ve nasıl kullandıkları sorularına ise tam olarak henüz cevap veril(ememiştir. Mevcut çalışmada, dilbilgisel cinsiyet kavramının ne olduğu, Almancadaki kullanımı, belirtkeleri, işlevi ve önceden nasıl belirleneceği hususunda bu konuda yapılan çeşitli çalışmaların ayrıntılı incelemesi yap

  15. DİZÜSTÜ BİLGİSAYAR TERCİHİNDE ÖĞRENCİ BEĞENİLERİNİN FİRMALARIN STRATEJİLERİNE ETKİSİ: OYUN KURAMI YAKLAŞIMI (THE EFFECT OF STUDENT LIKINGS ON COMPANY STRATEGIES ABOUT LAPTOP COMPUTER PREFERENCE: A GAME THEORY APPROACH

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    Umay UZUNOĞLU KOÇER

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available ÖZ: Gelişen rekabet ortamında firmaların stratejik planlarının yapılmasında önemli bir araç olan oyun kuramının önemi, gün geçtikçe artmaktadır. Bilgi teknolojisindeki gelişmelere bağlı olarak, dizüstü bilgisayar kullanıcılarının önemli bir bölümünü üniversite öğrencileri oluşturduğundan üniversite öğrencilerinin beğenileri ve tercihleri dizüstü bilgisayar firmaları açısından önemsenmelidir. Bu çalışmada, Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi Fen ve Edebiyat Fakültelerindeki öğrencilerinin en çok tercih ettikleri iki dizüstü bilgisayar firması tasarlanan anket yoluyla belirlenmiştir. Firmalar tarafından üniversite öğrencilerine yönelik bir satış kampanyası düzenlendiğinde, firmalarının kampanya için hangi özelliklerine önem vermesi gerektiği oyun kuramı kullanılarak araştırılmıştır. Bu çalışmanın amacı, öğrencilerin beğenilerinin, dizüstü bilgisayar firmalarının reklam stratejilerini nasıl etkilediğini araştırmaktır. Bu amaçla iki ayrı oyun problemi önerilmiştir. Birinci oyun problemi rakip firmaların birbirine göre durumunu ifade eden sıfır toplamlı oyun, ikinci oyun ise her iki oyuncunun, öğrencilerin beklentilerini ne ölçüde karşıladığını çözümleyen sıfır toplamlı olmayan oyundur. Çalışma sonucunda, üniversite öğrencilerine yönelik yapılacak reklam kampanyasında firmaların hangi özelliklerini öne çıkarması gerektiği konusunda öneriler verilmektedir. Anahtar Sözcükler: Anket, Dizüstü Bilgisayar, Nash Dengesi, Rekabet, Sıfır Toplamlı Oyun, Sıfır Toplamlı Olmayan Oyun. ABSTRACT: Gelişen rekabet ortamında firmaların stratejik planlarının yapılmasında önemli bir araç olan oyun kuramının önemi, gün geçtikçe artmaktadır. Bilgi teknolojisindeki gelişmelere bağlı olarak, dizüstü bilgisayar kullanıcılarının önemli bir bölümünü üniversite öğrencileri oluşturduğundan üniversite

  16. Metal üzerine preslenebilir seramik restorasyonlar ve klinik uygulamasi: olgu sunumu

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    Yasemin Kulak Özkan

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available

    Although all-ceramic restorations have been commonly used nowadays, because of their similar esthetics to natural teeth and biocompatibility, metal-ceramic restorations restorations (MCR have been the traditional restorative option for the treatment of missing teeth due to their durability and predictability, The use of MCRs enables long-term restorative success with functional and aesthetic benefits and can be incorporated  in the rehabilitation of complex cases. Recent advances in dental materials have led to the development of MCRs, newer generation porcelains have been developed that have improved  physical properties, decreased abrasion potential than conventional feldspathic ceramics and  are pressed over metal alloy substructures (PoM. With the use of PoM technique the esthetic and function of the MCRs can be improved. This article represents the clinical steps of a patient treated with PoM and 2 year follow-up of the restorations.

     

    ÖZET

    Tam seramik restorasyonların doğal dişe yakın estetiği ve biyouyumlu olmaları nedeniyle günümüzde yaygın bir şekilde uygulanmasına rağmen, metal seramik restorasyonlar (MSR  yapısal sağlamlık ve bilinirliği sayesinde diş kayıplarının tedavisinde geleneksel bir tedavi seçeneği olmuştur. MSR’ ın kullanımı fonksiyonel ve estetik getirileri sayesinde uzun yıllar başarı sağlamış ve karmaşık vakaların çözümünde en uygun seçenek olmuştur. Dental materyallerdeki güncel gelişmelerle birlikte MSR’ da gelişmeler olmuş, fiziksel özellikleri geliştirilmiş ve feldspatik porselenlerden daha az aşınan ve metal alt yapı üzerine preslenen (PoM yeni nesil seramikler geliştirilmiştir. PoM uygulaması ile birlikte MSR’ da estetik ve fonksiyon

  17. The Analysis of the Primary School Mathematics Exam Questions According to the MATH Taxonomy [İlköğretim Matematik Dersi Sınav Sorularının MATH Taksonomisine Göre Analizi

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    Berna Aygün

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available In this study, the contents and types of elementary 6th, 7th, 8th grades’ mathematics exam questions are analyzed according to groups and categories of the MATH taxonomy. In order to achieve this aim documentary analysis research and Chi-square test are used and the analyses of questions are based on the definitions of groups and categories of the MATH taxonomy. Analyzed questions consist of 939 questions which are collected from mathematics classes of different schools at East Blacksea regions. In all of the questions, 260 are at 6th grade (27.7%, 327 are at 7th grade (34.8%, and 352 are at 8th grade (37.5% mathematics written exam questions. According to the results, two in every three questions used by instructors in math exams are at A3 "Routine use of Procedures" level in which the use of the procedure or algorithm is required to use properly. Most of the questions are from category A which contains routine procedures and basic abilities. in addition to this, there are fewer questions at category B which is required the higher order thinking skill, and scarcely any questions at higher-up thinking level, category C. [Bu çalışmada ilköğretim 6., 7. ve 8. sınıfların matematik dersi sınav sorularının ait olduğu öğrenme alanlarının ve soru türlerinin MATH taksonomi grup ve kategorilerine göre incelenmesi amaçlanmıştır. Bu amaç doğrultusunda çalışmada karma yöntem kullanılmış ve sorular MATH Taksonomi Grup ve Kategorilerine ait açıklamalar temel alınarak doküman incelemesi ve ki-kare testi ile analiz edilmiştir. İncelenen sorular, Doğu Karadeniz bölgesindeki çeşitli okullardaki matematik dersi sınavlarında sorulan toplam 939 sorudan oluşmaktadır. Bu sorulardan 260 tanesi (% 27,7 6. sınıf, 327 tanesi (% 34,8 7. sınıf, 352 tanesi (% 37,5 ise 8. sınıf matematik dersi yazılı sınav sorularıdır. Elde edilen bulgulara göre öğretmenlerin matematik dersi sınavlarında kullandıkları her 3

  18. ALIŞVERİŞ MERKEZLERİNİN MARKA KİŞİLİKLERİNİN KARŞILAŞTIRILMASI, İSTANBUL İLİNDE BİR UYGULAMA-COMPARISION on BRAND PERSONALITY of SHOPPINGCENTERS, A PRACTISE in ISTANBUL CITY

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    Şakir ERDEM

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Perakendecilik sektöründe yer alan Galleria ve Akmerkez alışveriş merkezleri marka kişiliklerinin karşılaştırılmasını yapmak ve tüketicilerin alışveriş merkezi tercihlerinde alışveriş merkezlerine atfettiği kişilik boyutlarını ve özelliklerini ortaya çıkarılabilmek amacıyla J. Aaker’ın 1997’de geliştirdiği beş ana marka kişiliği boyutu ve bu boyutların altında toplanan kişilik özellikleri temel alınmıştır. Marka kişiliğine ilişkin literatür taraması yapılmış; araştırma yöntemi olarak nitel araştırma ve nicel araştırma yöntemlerinin birleşmesinden meydana gelen karma araştırma yaklaşımı benimsenmiştir. Nitel veri toplanma araçlarından olan odak grup görüşmesinden faydalanılarak, nicel araştırmanın anketlerinin oluşturulmasında yararlı olabilecek bilgiler ve nicel araştırma örneklem yapısı ve yöntemine ışık tutan bilgiler elde edilmesi sağlanmıştır. Nicel araştırmada veri toplama aracı olarak anket yöntemi uygulanmış, analiz yapılmaya uygun 272 adet anket elde edilmiştir. Anket sonuçları SPSS programı yardımıyla kodlanmış, verilerin frekans ve yüzde dağılımları verilerek faktör analizleri, güvenirlik analizleri ve T-testi yapılmıştır. Araştırma sonucunda, alışveriş merkezi sektöründe marka kişiliğine dair dört boyut elde edilebilmiş; elde edilen dört boyut Galeria ve Akmerkez alışveriş merkezleri arasında karşılaştırılmıştır.- The present research aims to compare brand personalities of Galeria and Akmerkez shopping centers and to examine the brand personality traits and dimensions that consumers refer on shopping centers preferences. Research based on J. Aaker’s five dimensions of brand personality and the traits. We looked over the literature of brand personality. This research included pluralistic methodology: First, focus groups method was used to take qualitative research’s survey, sampling and

  19. İtibar Yönetimi Açışından Yeşil Pazarlama: Örnek Olay İncelemesi / Green Marketing in Terms of Reputation Management: A Case Study

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    Samet Kavoğlu

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available 21.yy modern işletmecilik mantığı çerçevesinde üretimin sorun olmaktan çıktığı, işletmeler için en önemli sıkıntının pazarlama faaliyetleri kapsamında yaşandığı düşünüldüğünde, alana dair çok sayıda yenilikçi fikrin ortaya çıkması oldukça normaldir. Bu fikri akımlar içerisinde yer alan, çalışma kapsamında incelenecek yeşil pazarlama uygulamalarını, diğerlerinden ayıran başlıca özellik pazarlama karması içerisinde yer alan tutundurma faaliyetlerinin her bir faktörüyle ilişkilendirilebilir olmasıdır. Çalışmanın sınırlarını çizebilmek ve derinlemesine araştırma olanağını arttırmak adına araştırma kapsamında yeşil pazarlamanın, tutundurma faaliyetlerinden halkla ilişkilerin, itibar yönetimi fonksiyonuyla olan ilişkisi, ödüllü bir proje olan “Unilever Sürdürülebilir Yaşam Planı” örneği üzerinden incelenmiştir. Çalışmanın sonunda, kuruluşun paydaşları nezdinde itibarını arttırmak gayesiyle hayata geçirilen yeşil pazarlama temalı, küresel ölçekli projenin hedefleri açısından genel değerlendirmesi yapılmıştır. Green Marketing in Terms of Reputation Management: A Case Study When it is taken into account that the production is no longer a problem within the framework of the modern business management logic of the 21st century and the primary difficulty is experienced by the businesses within the scope of the marketing activities, it is natural that a great number of innovative ideas emerge concerning the field. The main characteristic which distinguishes the practices of the green marketing which is in these streams of ideas and which will be examined within the scope of study from others is that they can be associated with each factor of promotional activities in the marketing mix. To be able to draw the lines of the study and to increase the possibility of the in-depth research, within the scope of the research, the relationship of

  20. 论袁黄及其研究的当代价值%On the Contemporary Value of YUAN Huang and His Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    南炳文

    2016-01-01

    袁黄博学多产、爱民勤政、追求积德行善,不仅洁身自好,利用功过格约束、督促自己去邪念恶行,且撰写《改过之法》、《积德之方》,专论积德行善,其中既有规律性的认识,又有实际操作方法,极力劝说、帮助他人同自己一样做好事、成好人。他在明中叶道德沦丧相当严重的情况下,发挥了超出一般的正面作用,在保证中华民族善良、正直、清廉、为民的优良传统生生不息上作出了贡献。在400年后的今天,认真分析其作出贡献的方式、方法和指导思想,可以得到有益的借鉴。而在继承、发扬袁黄的善言善行时,也应注意辩证地对待其以因果报应作为理论体系基础的局限性,唯物主义者在将与之混在一起的精华分离出来、加以适当改造、纳入社会主义主流意识体系之中的同时,拒绝其鬼神存在的唯心主义说法。%YUAN Huang was an erudite and prolific writer , a diligent official who cherished the people , and a person did good deeds .He was a clean liver , and refused to be contaminated by evil influences with ledger .YUAN Huang wrote The Method of Correct one's Mistakes and The Way for Accumulating Vir-tue, which includes both regularity cognition and practical methods , and those two books extremely per-suade and help others to do good deeds and to be good men as he did .Then, YUAN Huang has played a highly positive role for promoting excellent Chinese traditions , especially in the middle of the Ming Dy-nasty when moral perversity was serious .At present , we can draw lessons from his ways , methods and thoughts he made 400 years ago .While developing his ways and thoughts , we must adopt dialectical ap-proaches to treat the limitations of his karma -based theory .Materialists separate the essence of the theo-ry from the limitations , before adjusting appropriately to make sure it will be able to fit into the socialist mainstream

  1. Yoga en la India antigua

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    María Teresa Román López

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available Las orientaciones precisas de la religión hindú para desarrollar las capacidades del hombre se hallan bajo el nombre de Yoga. El yoga es un conjunto de técnicas de dominio de sí mismo y meditación, que en el hinduismo adopta distintas modalidades; se puede hablar del yoga hindú, budista, jainista, etc. En sentido más restringido, el término se refiere a una de las seis escuelas ortodoxas de la filosofía india. Asimismo, se designa con la palabra yoga toda instrucción o disciplina encaminada hacia la liberación. Existen en el hinduismo numerosas denominaciones para las diferentes sendas del yoga. Las más conocidas en Occidente son: bhakti-yoga o «yoga de la correcta actitud religiosa»; rája-yoga o «yoga del desarrollo de la conciencia»; karma-yoga o «yoga de las acciones correctas»; jñána-yoga o «yoga del conocimiento» y hatha-yoga o «yoga del poder sobre el cuerpo». La doctrina clásica sobre el yoga está recogida en los Yoga-Sütra de Patañjali. A partir de una cierta época el sistema Yoga fue combinado eclécticamente con el sistema Samkhya.The precise orientations of the Hindú religión to develop men abilities are under the ñame of Yoga. The yoga is a join of techniques of meditation and self-domination, in which Hinduism have different modalities; it can be talk about Hindú yoga, Buddhist yoga, janist yoga, etc.. In a more restricted way, the word refers to one of the six orthodox schools of the Indian philosophy. It's desing, as well, with the word yoga, every instruction or discipline direct to liberation. There are so many denominations in Hinduism for the different yoga ways. The most known in Occident are bhakti-yoga or «yoga of the ríght religious actitude»; rája-yoga or «yoga of the conscience develop»; Karmayoga or «yoga of the corred action», jñána-yogsa or «yoga of the knowledge» and hatha-yoga or «yoga of ttie power on tlie body». The classic yoga doctrine is collect in the yoga

  2. On Knowledge Organization = Bilginin Düzenlenmesi Üzerine

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    Gilchrist, Alan

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available It is argued that because knowledge is abstract and every person has a unique perception of his environment and the properties and behaviour of its components, it follows that those people engaged in Knowledge Organization (and less directly Knowledge Representation must base theirwork on physical records, which we may call carriers of information, or messages. The products based on analysis of these messages can then be considered as models of knowledge. Models are created in order to reduce complexity and to gain a clearer understanding of aspects of the world around us, but they must be continuously tested and revised in a working environment. The testing of the products of Knowledge Organization is often carried out by information scientists in their provision of information retrieval, whereas while the products of Knowledge Representation also rely on Knowledge Organization, they may be considered, to some extent, to be self-testing. It follows that much can be gained by a closer collaboration between those engaged in Knowledge Organization, Knowledge Representation and various other information professionals engaged in delivering information to end users. / İleri sürüldüğü gibi, bilgi soyut bir kavram olduğuna göre, her kişi kendi çevresini, bu çevreninözelliklerini ve bütünün parçalarını oluşturan davranışları, kendine özgü ve benzeri olmayan bir biçimde algılar. Sonuç olarak, Bilginin Düzenlenmesi (Knowledge Organization, ve doğrudan ilgili olmasa da, Bilginin Simgelenmesi (Knowledge Representation alanlarında çalışanlar, bu uğraşlarını fiziki belgelere dayamak zorundadır: biz bu belgelere bilgi (enformasyon ya da ileti (mesaj taşıyıcıları adını veririz. Bu iletilerin analizleri sonucunda elde edilen ürünler, bilgi modelleri olarak kabul edilir. Modeller bizim için karmaşık durumları basitleştirmek ve çevremizdeki dünyanın farklı görünümlerini daha iyi anlamamızı sağlamak i

  3. COSO MODELİ: İÇ KONTROL YAPISI - COSO MODEL: INTERNAL CONTROL STRUCTURE

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    Hasan TÜREDİ

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Özetİktisadi ve teknolojik gelişmeler; zaman içinde çok sayıda faaliyetin çok sayıda kişi ve uzun süreçlerleyürütüldüğü, hiyerarşik örgütsel düzenlerin sürekli geliştiği, karmaşık işletme yapılarının ortaya çıkmasınaneden olmuştur. Bunun sonucunda işletmelerin faaliyetleri basit kontrol yöntemleriyle izlenemeyecek halegelmiştir. Amerika’da beş bağımsız meslek kuruluşundan oluşan COSO (The Committe of SponsoringOrganizations, iç kontrolün işletmelerde standartlaşan bir yapı hale gelmesinde öncülük etmiştir. COSOiç kontrol modeli; iç kontrol ortamı, risk değerlendirmesi, kontrol faaliyetleri, bilgi ve iletişim ile izlemefaaliyetlerinden oluşan; işletme faaliyetlerinin etkinliği ve verimliliği, mali raporların güvenilirliği veyürürlükteki kanun ve düzenlemelerle uyum amaçları etrafında şekillenmiş çok boyutlu bir yapıdır.İç kontrol yapısının başlıca hedefleri; faaliyetlerin etkinlik ve verimliliği, karlılık hedefine ulaşmak vevarlıkların korunması, kamuya açıklanan mali tablolar, geçici ve özet mali raporları da dâhil olmak üzerehazırlanan tüm mali tabloların güvenilirliğinin sağlanması ve tabi olunan kanun ve düzenlemelerle uyumunsağlanmasıdır. Bu çalışmada; COSO’nun iç kontrol yapısına ilişkin geliştirdiği model ve bu modelin beşbileşeni olan kontrol ortamı, risk değerlendirmesi, kontrol faaliyetleri, bilgi ve iletişim ile izleme faaliyetleriaracılığı ile bu bileşenlerin hem işletme hedefleri hem de işletme yapısı içindeki etkileşimi açıklanmayaçalışılmıştır.AbstractDevelopments in economy and technology have caused enterprises to have sophisticated structuresaffected by developing hierarchical structuring along with the significant number of activities performed via significant number of process and individuals. COSO (The Committee of Sponsoring Organizationshas established a common internal control

  4. ENVIRONMENTAL STRATEGIC ANALYSIS ON VOIP (Voice Over Internet Protocol SERVICES INDUSTRY IN TURKEY - TÜRKİYE’DEKİ TELEKOMUNİKASYON ENDÜSTRİSİ VOIP (Voice over IP SEKTÖRÜNÜN STRATEJİK DIŞ ÇEVRE ANALİZİ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nihan YILDIRIM

    2011-07-01

    ıyla,PEST, Rekabet (Beş Güç, değer zinciri ve SWOT analizleriuygulayarak Türkiye’deki VoIP servisleri endüstrisine, fırsatve tehdit teşkil eden çevresel stratejik faktörleri incelemektedir.Çalışma sonuçları, karmaşık bir değer zincirine sahip buendüstride, alıcı ve tedarikçilerin pazarlık güçleri yüksek;ikame tehdit ve fırsatlarının belirgin olduğu, teknolojikfaktörler kadar, sosyal, ekonomik ve özellikle yasal faktörlerendüstrideki rekabeti artırdığnı göstermektedir.

  5. Diminishing the Undesirable Effects of the Computer Games with the Kinect Sensors

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    Ömür Akdemir

    2015-04-01

    ını oynamalarının etkileri karşılaştırılmıştır. Araştırma sorularını cevaplamak için karma araştırma deseni kullanılmıştır. Oyun motivasyon ölçeği, bireysel kas aktivite bildirim şekli ve yapılandırılmış görüşme soruları veri toplama aracı olarak kullanılmıştır. t-testin yanında, nitel ve nicel verilerin betimsel değerlendirmeleri yapılmıştır. Elde edilen bulgulara Kinect sensör ile oyun oynamanın bireylerin motivasyonunu ve kas aktivitesini artırdığını ortaya koymuştur. Ayrıca, Kinect sensörü ile oyun oynayan bireylerin oyunlara karşı fikirleri değişmiştir. İleride yapılacak olan araştırmalar Kinect sensör kullanımının bilgisayar oyunlarını oynayanların üzerindeki motivasyon ve duygusal etkilerinin korelasyonunu incelemelidir. Anahtar Sözcükler: Kinect, bilgisayar oyunları, motivasyon ölçeği, fiziksel aktivite

  6. VERİ MADENCİLİĞİNDE CART VE LOJİSTİK REGRESYON ANALİZİNİN YERİ: İLAÇ PROVİZYON SİSTEMİ VERİLERİ ÜZERİNDE ÖRNEK BİR UYGULAMA

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    Zeynep Burcu GÜNER

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Bilimsel çalışmalarda kullanılan veri setleri zaman zaman karmaşık bir yapı teşkil etmektedir. Bu noktada veri madenciliği, büyük veri tabanlarından faydalı bilgileri ortaya çıkararak hizmet kalitesinin artırılması bakımından büyük katkılar sağlamaktadır. Genellikle araştırmalarda büyük veri kümelerini sınıflandırarak önemli veri sınıflarını ortaya koyan veya gelecek veri eğilimlerini tahmin etmede faydalanılan yöntemlerden, veri madenciliği teknikleri içerisinde en yaygın kullanıma sahip olanlarından bir tanesi sınıflama ve regresyon modelleridir. Bu çalışmada veri madenciliği metotları içerisinde, sınıflama ve regresyon modellerinden en çok kullanılan karar ağacı algoritmalarından biri olan sınıflama ve regresyon ağaçları (CART algoritması ile lojistik regresyonun sınıflama özellikleri karşılaştırılarak gerçek bir veri seti üzerinde uygulama yapılmış ve söz konusu iki yöntemin başarısını göstermek amaçlanmıştır. Bu sayede mevcut veriler ile yapılan analiz sonuçlarına göre; aynı özellikte verilerle yapılacak ileriki çalışmalarda genel geçer kurallar tanımlanmasında, söz konusu analizleri kullanmanın uygun olacağı gösterilmek istenmiştir. Bu kapsamda, penisilin grubu antibiyotik kullanan hastaların profilini belirlemek amacıyla bir uygulama yapılmış ve çalışmaya alınan veri seti için CART analizinin lojistik regresyon analizine göre daha iyi bir doğru sınıflandırma oranına sahip olduğu görülmüştür.

  7. 5E Öğrenme Modeline Dayalı Etkinliklerin Öğrencilerin Bilimsel Süreç Becerileri ve Akademik Başarılarına Etkisi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurhan ÖZTÜRK GEREN

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Bu çalışmanın amacı, 6.sınıf ışık ve ses ünitesinde 5E öğrenme modeline dayalı etkinliklerin öğrencilerin bilimsel süreç becerileri ve akademik başarıları üzerindeki etkisini belirlemek ve bu etkinliklerin derste kullanımına yönelik öğrenci görüşlerini tespit etmektir. Bu amaca hizmet etmesi açısından 5E öğrenme modeline dayalı olarak rehber etkinlik seti geliştirilmiş ve setin süreçte etkililiği değerlendirilmiştir. 2011-2012 eğitim-öğretim yılında Sinop ili merkez ilçesinde bir ilköğretim okulunda altıncı sınıfa devam eden 25 deney ve 17 kontrol grubu öğrencisi ile gerçekleştirilen bu araştırmada karma yöntemler araştırma yöntemi kullanılmıştır. Araştırmanın nicel bölümünde, ön test son test kontrol gruplu deneysel desen kullanılmıştır. Araştırmanın deney grubu öğrencileri ile gerçekleştirilen nitel bölümünde ise durum çalışması (casestudy yöntemi kullanılmıştır. Araştırma süresince elde edilen nicel verilerin analizleri SPSS 15.0 istatistik paket programı ile nitel verilerin analizi ise içerik analizi ve sürekli karşılaştırılmalı veri analizi yöntemleri birlikte kullanılarak NVivo 8.0 Nitel Veri Analizi Programı ile gerçekleştirilmiştir. Araştırmada 5E öğrenme modeline uygun hazırlanan rehber etkinlikleri ile desteklenen dersin öğrencilerin bilimsel süreç becerileri ve akademik başarıları üzerinde anlamlı ve olumlu etkisi olmuştur.

  8. İSTANBUL BOĞAZI'NDA OLASI DENİZ KAZALARININ ÖNLENMESİNDE BİLİŞİM KONTROL SİSTEMLERİ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Metin KAYA

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available İstanbul Boğazı, Marmara Denizi ve Çanakkale Boğazı'ndan oluşan Türk boğazları bögesi; Akdeniz ve Karadeniz'i birleştiren uluslararası ekonomik siyasi ve askeri öeme haiz kıvrımların ve keskin dönşlerin meydana getirdiği, iki yönlü alt ve üst akıntıları ile coğrafik yapısı mevsimlere ve hatta günlere göre değişen meteorolojik yapısı yönünden, bu bölgeden gelen gemiler için çok riskli bir iş su yolumuzdur. Deniz trafiğinin gün geçtikçe yoğunlaşması nedeniyle, karmaşık ve riskli deniz trafiğine sahip olan Türk Boğazları bölgesinde meydana gelen deniz kazalarında gözlenen artış ve artışlara paralel olarak sonuçlarının da ürkütücü olmaya başlaması bugüne kadar yeterince denetlenemeyen bu deniz trafiğinin kontrol ve denetim altına alınması gerekliliğini tartışmasız gündeme getirmiştir. Alınacak ilk ve tek önlem olarak Türk Boğazları bölgesinde mevcut deniz trafiğinin trafik ayırım hatları ile belli sınırlar içine alınıp temel prensipleri uluslararası denizcilik mevzuatlarının hükümleri doğrultusunda hazırlanmış bir bilgisayarlı haberleşme sistemine dayalı trafik ayırım düzenine uygun olarak işletilmesi, kontrol edilmesi ve düzenlenmesi sağlanmalıdır. Gelişen teknolojinin beraberinde getirdiği olanaklarla, İstanbul Boğazı daha fazla deniz kazalarına maruz kalmadan, dünyada deniz kazalarının önlenmesinde kullanılan sistemlerin ülkemizde de kullanılması gerekir. Uydu haberleşme sistemlerinin faaliyet gösterdiği koşullarda, Türkiye denizlerinde de bu sistemlerin uygulanabilmesi için yetkililerin kısa sürede önlemler alması gerekir. Bu nedenle İstanbul Boğazı'nda deniz kazalarının önlenmesinde Bilişim Control Sistemleri teknolojisinden yararlanarak, veri iletimi ve depolanması için bilgisayarlı kablosuz ağ çözümleri kurulmalı, Gemi Trafik Yönetim Hizmetleri bünyesinde veri iletimi ve veri tabanı olu

  9. THE AESTHETICS, RELIGIOSITY, AND RESPONSE OF THE READERS OF GEGURITAN SUCITA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I Wayan Suka Yasa

    2012-11-01

    , manggala is finally known asthe center text of GS.GS narration is developed according to aguron-guron rule‘having the teacher from spiritual and nyastra tradition. From matrix aguronguron,it is proposed two plots in paradox one: k?ma and tirtayatra. Plot sourceof k?ma is narrated by the existence of Sang Sucita. On the other hand, plot sourceof tirtayatra is narrated by the existence of Sang Subudi. K?ma (desire and dilemma. Its message, if someone wish to succeed in reaching life objective, thetwo obstacles must firstly be defeated through learning process of mulat sarira byyoga : bhakti-karma-jnana- and yoga. After completion of narrating plot source oftirtayatra, it is also narrated k?ma which is developed into ahangkara. For thisreason, it is presented bad figure I Pataka to spread disaster which is in contrastwith the common rule of geguritan literature. GS narration can be understood asreading model according to narrative structure rule of k?vya. In every part ofstructure called sandhi is expressed rasa. There are nine rasa that can be enjoyedin GS. The nine rasa is inter-related and function collectively to strength the mainrasa of GS, namely s?nta rasa.Discourse of GS is established structurally like a diamond necklace: acarasusila-tatwa-yoga by narrating religious concept of syncretism idea of Siwa-Buddha. The philosophic thought is the three big schools of Hindu: dwaitawisisth?dwaita-adwaita. The source text is having a discourse of declarativeimperativeobjective. The hypogram is much read in term of searching and then tobee expanded. It can finally be said that GS is a literature of Hindu that fulfills therequisite of mah?k?vya in the domain of Sekar Alit bali.

  10. SECIS IN THE TEZKIRE OF LATÎFÎ AND CHARACTERISTICS OF SENTENCES LATÎFÎ TEZKİRESİ’NDE SECİLER VE TÜMCE ÖZELLİKLERİ

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    İbrahim TOSUN

    2012-01-01

    ımından eşit dağılımlar göstermemekte, Zâtî ile ilgili kısımda 22 seci bulunduğu halde; Sinan Paşa’nın anlatıldığı metinde sadece 7 seciye rastlanmaktadır. Anlatımında genellikle karmaşık, sıralı, birleşik tümceleri tercih eden Latîfî, söylemek istediklerini doğru tasarlayıp planlayarak, sağlam bir kompozisyon içinde, eksiksiz vermeye özen göstermiş, devrik yapılı tümceler kullanmamıştır. Bütün tümcelerinin kurallı olması ve söylenmek isteneni net olarak ifade etmesi onun, titiz, planlı ve sağlam üslûbunun bir sonucudur.

  11. The Representations of Buddhism in Iris Murdoch's Novel---The Case Study of The Sea,the Sea%佛教思想在艾瑞斯·默多克小说创作中的体现--以《大海啊,大海》为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王秀文

    2014-01-01

    由于与佛教的深厚渊源,英国当代著名小说家默多克的道德哲学观中蕴含了浓郁的佛教色彩并通过作品将其展现出来。在作品《大海啊,大海》中,默多克将佛教思想与道德哲学观完美结合并通过小说中人物的精神成长历程得以体现。在小说中,佛教思想主要表现为苦集灭道四圣谛和波若空慧两个方面。苦集灭道四圣谛中默多克主要凸现集圣谛,意指人间种种苦的根源是业与烦恼,而让查尔斯产生烦恼的根源为贪,嗔和我慢,此三种烦恼皆为佛教中产生一切烦恼的根本烦恼。而要去除所有烦恼,查尔斯则必须破除我执,辩清现实与幻影,意识到一切的存在皆为因果,这样才能认清自我,关注他者的存在,最终达到大智慧,这就是默多克通过小说人物想要表现的波若空慧。%As one of the most influential contemporary British writers,Iris Murdoch through her works shows her unique moral philosophy with the strong flavor of Buddhism.Especially in her Boo-ker Prize winning novel The Sea,the Sea,Buddhist elements together with the moral philosophy are fully reflected through the spiritual growth of the two maj or characters.In the novel,Buddhism can be reflected from two aspects:Four Noble Truths proposed by Buddha and the Wisdom of Seeing through Everything.In terms of the Four Noble Truths,Murdoch mainly emphasizes the aspect of Ji meaning Karma and troubles are the origins of human sufferings;there are six basic types of troubles which will bring about other troubles in human life,and in the novel Murdoch focuses on three among the six basic troubles through the main character Charles.The three types are greediness,anger and overemphasis of the self.To break away from all the sufferings,Charles has to stop overemphasizing the existence of self and realize that everything in this world is based on the Principle of Cause and Effect.By doing so,he can see

  12. Development of Social Work Based on the View of “Embeddedness”in Our Country:Predicament and Coping Srategy%“嵌入”视角下我国社会工作发展的困境与对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋言奇; 余力

    2016-01-01

    According to the view of “embeddness”, social work is “exotic”, a system of the social organism that western society is “embedded” into our country. Therefore it has caused some cultural dilemma and practical difficulties. Cultural dilemma mainly lies in the contradictions between “collectivist culture” and “individualistic culture”, “fatalism culture” and “initiative of individual”, “karma culture” and “unconditional acceptance”, “the pattern of difference se-quence culture” and “treating people equally”, “human relationship culture” and “going by book”, and etc. Practical diffi-culties lie in the implementation of “confidentiality”, “case self-determination rule”, “case interest supremacy principle”,“empowerment principles” and so on. We think that we should adhere to three principles of “gradual progress”, “appro-priate adaptations”, and “resource integration”, and combine internationalization with localization well to solve cultural dilemma and practical difficulties of embeddness social work.%按照“嵌入”视角,社会工作是“舶来品”,是西方社会“嵌入”我国社会有机体中的一套体系,因此形成了一些文化困境与实务困境。文化困境主要表现在“集体主义文化”与“个体独立性”之间的矛盾、“宿命论文化”与“个体能动性”之间的矛盾、“因果报应文化”与“无条件接纳”之间的矛盾、“差序格局文化”与“平等待人”之间的矛盾、“人情文化”与“按规章办事”之间的矛盾等。实务困境主要表现在“保密原则”、“案主自决原则”、“案主利益至上原则”、“增权原则”等的贯彻均面临困难。推进社会工作可持续发展,应当坚持“渐进推进”、“适当变通”以及“整合资源”三个原则,将“外来”与“本土”有机融合,解决“嵌入性”社会工作的文化困境与实务困境。

  13. Millî eğitim bakanlığının 652 sayılı kanun hükmünde kararname ile yeniden yapılandırılmasına ilişkin Ankara ili kamu ilkokul ve ortaokul yöneticilerinin görüşleri [Views of the state primary school and secondary school principals in Ankara province about the restructure of Ministry of National Education (By decree law No. 652

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    İnci ÖZTÜRK

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Bu araştırmada, Ankara ili merkez ilçelerindeki kamu ilkokul ve ortaokul yöneticilerinin, 652 sayılı Kanun Hükmünde Kararname (KHK ile Millî Eğitim Bakanlığı’nın (MEB yeniden yapılandırılması hakkındaki görüşlerinin belirlenmesi amaçlanmıştır. Tarama modelindeki araştırma, nicel ve nitel yöntemlerin birlikte kullanıldığı “karma araştırma” deseni ile gerçekleştirilmiştir. Araştırmanın nicel boyutuna 276 okul yöneticisi dâhil edilmiş, nitel boyutunda 11 okul yöneticisiyle görüşme yapılmıştır. Araştırmanın nicel boyutunun sonuçlarına göre; 652 sayılı KHK’nın, MEB’in amaç ve politikalarına uygunluğu görüşü en yüksek İktisadî ve İdarî Bilimler Fakültesi- Hukuk Fakültesi mezunlarında gözlenmiş, bunu sırasıyla diğer fakülteler, Eğitim/Eğitim Bilimleri Fakültesi mezunları ve son olarak Fen- Edebiyat Fakültesi mezunlarının izlediği görülmüştür. İlkokul yöneticilerinin, ortaokul yöneticilerine göre 652 sayılı KHK’nın, MEB’in amaç ve politikalarını gerçekleştirme konusunda daha olumlu düşündükleri sonucuna varılmıştır. Araştırmanın nitel boyutu bulgularından; - hizmetlerin değerlendirilmesinde performans değerlendirmesine gidilmesinin, performans ölçütlerinin açık olması ve objektif değerlendirme yapılması koşuluyla uygun olduğu, KHK’nın öngördüğü yapılanma hakkında kamuoyunun yeterince bilgilendirilmediği, eğitim-öğretim hizmetlerinin üst yönetim ve denetim birimlerinde, alan dışından kamu görevlilerinin istihdam edilmemesi gerektiği sonuçlarına ulaşılmıştır.

  14. Career Paths of Dergâh-i Âli [Supreme Lodge] Sergeants and Sergeants at the time of Suleiman the Magnificient (KANUNİ SULTAN SÜLEYMAN DÖNEMİNDE DERGÂH-I ÂLİ ÇAVUŞLUĞUNUN KARİYER YOLLARI VE ÇAVUŞLAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Uğur Altuğ

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Çavuşluk kurumu, dergâh-ı âlî çavuşluğu ve burada görevli çavuşlar Osmanlı İmparatorluğu’nun kuruluşundan itibaren, devletin idari yapısı içerisinde önemli bir yere sahipti. Çavuşlar, elçilikten infazcılığa, ulaklıktan teşrifatçılığa kadar çeşitli işlerde görevlendirilmişlerdir. İmparatorluk sınırları Kanuni Sultan Süleyman döneminde büyük çapta genişleme kaydettiği gibi, devletin yapısı ve örgütlenişi de bunun paralelinde gelişip karmaşıklaşmıştır. Bu süreçte dergâh-ı âli çavuşlarının, bilhassa yoğunlaşmış askerî, idari ve diplomatik işlemlerin yürütülebilmesi için merkezden eyaletlere, tâbi memleketlere ve diğer ülkelere yazılan emir, ferman, hüküm ve mektupların ulaştırılması dolayısıyla önemleri artmış görünüyor. Bu göreve yükselebilmenin koşulları nelerdi? Dergâh-ı âli çavuşları hangi kariyer yollarından gelmekteydi ve bunların kökenleri neydi? Çavuşluk konusunda yapılmış çalışmalarda bu sorular tamamıyla aydınlatılmamıştır. Topkapı Sarayı Arşivi’nde bulunan ve Kanuni döneminde dergâh-ı âli çavuşlarını içeren bir belge bu sorulara açıklık getirecek nitelikte kayıtlar içermektedir. Abstract: The institution of sergeantship, the supreme sergeantship lodge, and the appointed sergeants took an important place in the administrative structure of the Ottoman Empire since its foundation. The sergeants had been charged with various duties extending from diplomats to executioners and message-carriers to masters of ceremonies. In conjunction with the considerable expansion of the borders of the empire, the structure and organization of the state had expanded and become more complex during the reign of Suleiman the Magnificient. Because of these changes in the military, administrative and diplomatic structure, the importance of supreme dervish lodge sergeants came into prominence as the communication of

  15. Belediye Başkanlığı Aday İmajı Algısı: Gümüşhane Örneği

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hasan GÜLLÜPUNAR

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Seçmen davranışları bakımından bireyselleşme ile birlikte yeni bir süreç başlamıştır. Bu süreçte oy verme davranışında ideoloji, parti bağlılığı gibi kavramlar etkisini eskiye göre kaybetmiştir. Yeni dönemde proje, hizmet, toplumsal ilişkiler, sivil toplumsallaşma içinde yer alma, yeterlilik gibi kavramlar ön plana çıkmıştır. Bu durum aday merkezli seçim kampanyalarının yaygınlaşmasına neden olmuştur. Özellikle yerel seçimler bağlamında düşünüldüğünde adaylar seçmenin iknası bakımından önemli bir etken olarak ortaya çıkmaktadır. Bu nedenle siyasal seçim kampanyalarının öncelikli hedeflerinden biri güçlü bir aday imajı oluşturmaktır. Ancak zaman, bölge, seçim atmosferi, seçmenlerin sosyo-demografik özellikleri gibi birçok alt etkene sahip olan aday imajı algısı karmaşık bir yapıya sahiptir. Dolayısıyla toplam aday imajının çok sayıda alt bileşeni bulunmaktadır.Bu çalışma Gümüşhane seçmeninin aday imajı algısının tespitine dönük olarak yapılmıştır. Basit tesadüfi örneklem yöntemi ile toplam 747 kişiyle görüşülen ve doğrulayıcı faktör analizinin yapıldığı araştırmada aday imajı ile ilgili görsel, siyasal, konu, hitabet ve sosyal olmak üzere beş faktör ortaya konmuştur. Toplam aday imajına etki eden en önemli faktörün sosyal faktör olduğu görülen araştırmada diğer faktörler toplam imaj üzerindeki önem sırasına göre hitabet, konu, siyasal ve görsel faktörler olarak sonuçlanmıştır. 

  16. Tanıdan Eğitime Kosova Cumhuriyeti’nde İşitme Engelli Çocuklara Yönelik Düzenlemelerin İncelenmesi

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    Hasan Gürgür

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Bağımsızlığını 2008’de tek taraflı ilan etmesinin ardından Kosova Cumhuriyeti diğer tüm alanlarda olduğu gibi eğitim alanında da yeniden yapılanma sürecine girmiştir. Bunun bir yansıması olarak Kosova Cumhuriyeti Eğitim Bakanlığı ile Anadolu Üniversitesi arasında yapılan bir protokol çerçevesinde gerçekleştirilen bu araştırmanın amacı, Kosova’daki işitme engelli çocukların tanı, değerlendirme ve eğitimlerine yönelik düzenlemelerin incelenmesi yoluyla sorun ve gereksinimlerin ortaya konmasıdır. Karma yöntem araştırmalarından eşzamanlı çeşitleme deseniyle ve toplam 92 katılımcıyla yürütülen çalışmada Kosova’daki işitme engelli çocukların ailelerine (n = 34, öğretmenlerine (n = 28 ve sağlık personeline (n = 20 anket uygulanmış, ayrıca bir grup aile (n = 4 ve öğretmenle (n = 6 yarı-yapılandırılmış görüşme gerçekleştirilmiştir. Nicel bir araç olan anket ve nitel bir teknik olan yarı-yapılandırılmış görüşmelerin betimsel analizi iki temel alanda ciddi sorunlara işaret etmiştir: (a tanı, değerlendirme ve müdahale ve (b eğitimsel düzenlemeler. İlk grupta öne çıkan sorunlar işitme kaybının tanılanması, değerlendirilmesi, çocuğun cihazlandırılması, tanı sonrası aileye destek hizmetleri ve okul öncesi eğitim alanlarında belirgin yoksunluk ya da yetersizliklerdir. İkinci gruptaki sorunlar ise ailelerin istediği iletişim yaklaşımı ile okullarda kullanılanın örtüşmemesi, öğretmen sayı ve niteliğinin, eğitim ortamındaki fiziksel düzenlemelerin, öğretim planlanması ve uygulanmasının ve kaynaştırma uygulamalarının ciddi derecede sorgulanabilir olmasıdır. Araştırma, anılan problem alanlarında ciddi yapısal düzenlemelerin acil olarak gerçekleştirilmesi gerektiğini açık biçimde ortaya koymuştur.

  17. Prehistoric human colonization of India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Misra, V N

    2001-11-01

    the Ganga valley. The location of the Mahabharata epic, which is set in the beginning of the first millennium B.C., is the Indo-Gangetic divide and the upper Ganga-Yamuna doab (land between two rivers). Iron technology enabled pioneering farmers to clear the dense and tangled forests of the middle and lower Ganga plains. The focus of development now shifted further eastward to eastern Uttar Pradesh and western Bihar which witnessed the events of the Ramayana epic and rise of the first political entities known as Mahajanapadas as also of Buddhism and Jainism. The second phase of urbanization of India, marked by trade, coinage, script and birth of the first Indian empire, namely Magadha, with its capital at Pataliputra (modern Patna) also took place in this region in the sixth century B.C. The imposition by Brahmin priests of the concepts of racial and ritual purity, pollution, restrictions on sharing of food, endogamy, anuloma (male of upper caste eligible to marry a female of lower caste) and pratiloma (female of upper caste ineligible to marry a male of lower caste) forms of marriage, karma (reaping the fruits of the actions of previous life in the present life), rebirth, varnashrama dharma (four stages of the expected hundred-year life span) and the sixteen sanskaras (ceremonies) on traditional occupational groups led to the birth of the caste system - a unique Indian phenomenon. As a consequence of the expansion of agriculture and loss of forests and wildlife, stone age hunter-gatherers were forced to assimilate themselves into larger agriculture-based rural and urban societies. However, some of them resisted this new economic mode. To this day they have persisted with their atavistic lifestyle, but have had to supplement their resources by producing craft items or providing entertainment to the rural population.

  18. SATIŞ LİDERİ’NİN DURUMSAL YAKLAŞIM TEMELİNDE KENDİNİ DEĞERLENDİRME ÖLÇEĞİ-SALES LEADER’S SELF-ASSESSMENT MEASUREMENT BASED ON SITUATIONAL APPROACH

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    Mehmet ALİKİŞİOĞLU

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Liderlik ve satış liderliği kavramı ve psikolog sosyolog pazarlama ve satış ve yönetim alanında çalışana bilim insanları tarafından uzun zamandan beri üzerinde durulan bir konudur. Bu alanda yapılan çalışmalara baktığımızda 1920’li yılların başından beri liderliğin ne olduğuna açıklık getirmeye çalışan birçok çalışmaya rastlarız. Bu alanda yapılan araştırmalarla liderlik konusundaki karmaşıklıklar, açıklık kazanmaya başlamıştır. Aynı durum satış yönetimi alanında da görülmektedir.. Bir satış liderinin yaptığı davranışının diğer satış elemanlarını etkileme gücü lider ile yakından ilgilidir. Burada önerilen ölçeğin açıklanmasına dönük çalışmamızın amacı: Satış liderinin olası durumsal tutumlarıyla ilgilidir. Çalışmamızda satış liderinin yapabileceği dört ayrı temel davranış tercihi belirlenmiştir. Bunlar: Söyleme, bizzat yapma, katılma ve yetkilendirmedir. Satış liderinin, dört ayrı davranışı ile ilgili ölçekte, on altı farklı durumda liderin tercihlerine bağlı olarak, kendi kendini nasıl değerlendirebileceğini açıklanmaya çalışılmıştır.-The concept of leadership and sales leadership has been taken great attention by academicians. In the process of time, leadership can be simply defined and basically described as the act of making particular impact on the sales team. Very likely, in sales management, a sales leader has some effect on salesmen. The sales leader’s behavior is also related to what type of perception is taken by sales-force. The main point of this study summarizes the development of the leader behavior assessment profile, which measures sales leadership styles in terms of telling, selling, participating and delegating. In the measurement, sixteen situations examined, so that a sales leader can make an assessment about his own leadership by self-monitoring.

  19. 论"意义治疗学"的中国传统文化基因%The Chinese Traditional Cultural Gene of"Logotherapy"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴新平; 张懿

    2015-01-01

    Although "logotherapy" is based on the western specific cultural background which put Jewish and Christian traditions as the mainstream together with pioneer's unique life experiences, its theoretical basis carries with the typical characteristics of Oriental culture, and its guiding ideology has a close relation with Chinese traditional culture, which conforms to the traditional Chinese thinking habits. Firstly, the meaning of life mainly includes creative value, experiential value and attitudinal value, which belongs to a kind of awareness with "right livelihood, true heart"; secondly, logotherapy gets a glimpse of the triple tragedies by excavating attitudinal value, which has strong bonds with "four noble truths, three dharmamudras" of the Buddhism; thirdly, freedom of the will is in spectacular accordance with "the theory of karma" and "the theory of nature". This article analyzes the cohesive relations between "logotherapy" and Chinese traditional culture from a basic theory aspect, which can provide a reference and guidance for psychological therapy and medical assistance with Chinese characteristics.%"意义治疗学"虽是以犹太教、耶教传统为主流的西方特定文化背景与开创者独特的生命体验相结合的产物,但其理论基础带有典型的东方文化特征,其指导思想与中国传统文化有着十分密切的联系,符合中国传统思维的习惯.具体而言:一是意义治疗学认为"人生意义"主要包括创造意义的价值、体验意义的价值、态度意义的价值,此与中国传统文化中所谓"正命立命、真常心性"归属于一种体认;二是意义治疗学通过对"态度价值"的挖掘窥见了人的三重悲剧,与佛教所谓"四圣谛、三法印"有会通之处;三是意义治疗学关于"意志自由"的说法,与佛学的"业力业报论"及儒学的"本心本性论"具有惊人一致性.从"意义治疗学"的基本理论来分析其与中国传统文化之间千丝万缕的衔接关

  20. Prehistoric human colonization of India

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    V N Misra

    2001-11-01

    and the Ganga valley. The location of the Mahabharata epic, which is set in the beginning of the first millennium B.C., is the Indo-Gangetic divide and the upper Ganga-Yamuna doab (land between two rivers). Iron technology enabled pioneering farmers to clear the dense and tangled forests of the middle and lower Ganga plains. The focus of development now shifted further eastward to eastern Uttar Pradesh and western Bihar which witnessed the events of the Ramayana epic and rise of the first political entities known as Mahajanapadas as also of Buddhism and Jainism. The second phase of urbanization of India, marked by trade, coinage, script and birth of the first Indian empire, namely Magadha, with its capital at Pataliputra (modern Patna) also took place in this region in the sixth century B.C. The imposition by Brahmin priests of the concepts of racial and ritual purity, pollution, restrictions on sharing of food, endogamy, anuloma (male of upper caste eligible to marry a female of lower caste) and pratiloma (female of upper caste ineligible to marry a male of lower caste) forms of marriage, karma (reaping the fruits of the actions of previous life in the present life), rebirth, varnashrama dharma (four stages of the expected hundred-year life span) and the sixteen sanskaras (ceremonies) on traditional occupational groups led to the birth of the caste system – a unique Indian phenomenon. As a consequence of the expansion of agriculture and loss of forests and wildlife, stone age hunter-gatherers were forced to assimilate themselves into larger agriculture-based rural and urban societies. However, some of them resisted this new economic mode. To this day they have persisted with their atavistic lifestyle, but have had to supplement their resources by producing craft items or providing entertainment to the rural population.

  1. An Exploration on Historical Facts Related to Tibetan Areas in The Travelogue of Xu Xiaka

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    MU Shihua

    2013-01-01

    and other re-gions in a background of increasingly complex and changing ethnic relations .For instance , the emi-nent monks or the Living Buddha of the Karma Kagyu sect constantly went to the capital of the Ming Empire to negotiate the politico -religious re-lations between the central government and Tibetan area .At the same time , Xu also described that the frequent pilgrimages to Mt .Wutai in Shanxi and Mt.Jizu in Yunnan by eminent Tibetan monks and their believers brought mutual trade and cultural exchanges between the Naxi , Han, and Tibetans, and that these pilgrimages created harmonious and stable political-religious relations among the vari-ous ethnic groups .They also promoted a healthy development process by constructing a unified plu-ral country . Originally , Xu Xiake had plans to go to the Tibetan area .However , he was unable to because of the fighting in the cross border region of Yun-nan, Sichuan and Tibet which had resulted from the increasingly complex tensions among the differ-ent religious sects . The Gelugpa sect of Tibetan Buddhism was gradually flourishing through the support of the Mongolian Khoshut as a result of the alliance between the Mongolians and Tibetans .The military might of the Khoshut made a fast paced ex-pedition to the south;there were alliances or oppo-sitions from time to time between the Tibetan gov-ernment, the Naxi ’ s Mu clan tusi ( native offi-cial) of Lijiang, Yunnan, the Baili tusi of the Ti-betan Kham area , and various political and reli-gious powers of the Karma Kargyu for their own benefits.Warfare broke out constantly .One year before Xu Xiake ’ s arrival in Lijiang , there was a military conflict between the tusi of the Mu Clan and the armies of the alliance of the Mongolians and Tibetans.The tusi of the Mu Clan of Lijiang, who had once held a ruling position in the Kham area, especially southern Kham , was defeated in this fight.As a result, the Mu clan lost their domi-nant position in the high plateau area of

  2. Liderlikte post-modern bir paradigma: dönüşümcü liderlik

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Levent Eraslan

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Heraklitos’un “Her şey akıştadır ve hiçbir şey duruşta değildir.” deyişi  ile insanlığın değişimi anlama, algılama ve ona uyum sağlama sürecinin başladığı kabul edilir. Değişim denen bu karmaşık  olgu, günümüzde bütün sosyal sistemlerin yaşama ilişkin kültürlerini ve yönetim biçimlerini hızlı bilgi artışı, hızlı gelişme ve hızlı iletişim ile birlikte derinden etkilemektedir. Bu değişim sürecinin  yükümlülüğü oluşturmak ve bunu başarmak için “liderlik” olgusu önemli bir rol oynamaktadır. Dönüşümü sağlamada geleneksel liderlik anlayışının yeterli olmadığının bilinmesi de, değişimin etkisinin yoğun olarak hissedildiği günümüzde, değişim temelli bir liderlik anlayışının yapılandırılması gerekliliğini ortaya çıkarmıştır. Bu  liderlik anlayışının da "Dönüşümcü Liderlik" olduğu ileri sürülmektedir. Aralıksız devam eden değişim sürecinde, dönüşümcü liderliğin tüm sektörlerde önemi gittikçe artmaktadır. Dönüşümcü liderler, vizyon yaratarak ve bu vizyonu paylaşarak izleyenleri ile sürekli iletişim kuran, güvenilir, saygı duyulan sosyal mimarlardır. Yeni zorlukların yaşanacağı  yeni çağda; "dönüşümcü liderlik"  bu zorlukların aşılmasında en iyi çözüm yolu olarak kabul edilmektedir. Tarihsel sürece baktığımızda ise Dönüşümcü liderliğe verilecek en büyük örneğin Türkiye Cumhuriyetinin Kurucusu M.Kemal Atatürk olduğunu görmekteyiz. Büyük Lider Atatürk dönüşümcü liderliğin  bütün karakteristik özelliklerini taşımaktadır. Yıkılmış bir imparatorluktan, her şeyi ile yeni bir devlet kurarak, yönetsel,sosyal,ekonomik ve kültürel yaşamda köklü bir dönüşüm süreci gerçekleştirmiştir. Atatürk’te Dönüşümcü liderliğin başat özelliklerinden;  Ortak Vizyon Oluşturma ve Paylaşma, Zihinsel Uyarım ve Yaratıcı olma, Karizmatik Etkiye Sahip

  3. Derin Anlatı Yapısı Olarak Romanın Var Olma Kaygısı ve “Suskunlar”ı Görünür Kılma Çabası Effort For Making “Suskunlar” Vivace And Visible With The Concern Of Existing As Deep Narrative Structure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salim DURUKOĞLU

    2013-07-01

    ncelikle yazar için okunmaya değer kurmaca bir metin inşa etmenin sonrasında ise okur için bu türevden metinleri okumanın muazzam bir imgesel inşa uğraşı gerektirdiğini söyleyen Elaine Scarry; zihnimizde resimler yaratma biçimlerinin kaydını tuttuğu “Kitapla Hayal Etmek” adlı çalışmasında, yazınsal metinlerin okurun “zihinsel retina”sında canlanabilmesinin yolunun, sinematografik gerçekliğe fotokopi sadakati ile tutunmaktan geçtiğini, uzun, derin ve ayrıntılı bilgi ve örnekler üzerinden açıklar. İngiliz edebiyatı profesörü olan yazarı böyle bir kitabı yazmaya iten temel kaygı ise, özü hayal gücümüze yaslanan kitapla bağları gittikçe zayıflayan hatta kopan; bilgisayar, sinema ve tiyatro gibi görselliğe dayalı araçlar ve sanatlar üzerinden yaşamını biçimlendiren insanların gittikçe hayal etme / imgelem yeteneklerini kaybedecekleri öngörüsüdür.Ülkemizde pek bilinmeyen ya da edebiyat incelemeleri için pek kullanılmayan bu kitap, ele aldığı konuyu, hayal ettirme ögelerini; Resim Oluşturma, Canlılık, Katılık, Talimatın Yeri, Çiçekleri Hayal Etmek, Işık Yakma, Seyreltme, Ekleme ve Çıkarma, Germe, Katlama, Eğme, Çiçekli Varsayım, Çemberler Çizmek, Patenle Kaymak, Çiçeklerle Hızlanmak vb. başlıklar altında incelemektedir. Gerçek hayattan yahut sinema ve tiyatro türü örneklerden ödünçlenerek kurmaca dünyaya eklemlenmeye çalışan canlılık, destan çağından bugüne, şiirden romana hemen her edebi türün hem varlık nedeni hem var olma biçimidir. Makalemiz edebiyat incelemelerine yeni bir soluk ve bakış açısı getirecek ve bu türden çalışmalarda örneksendiğini nerdeyse hiç görmediğimiz bu kitabın teklif ve telkinlerinin, İhsan Oktay Anar’ın Suskunlar romanına uygulanması ile ortaya çıkan bir denemedir. Bu deneme, yazınsal düzlemde kitabın tanıtımını yaparken aynı zamanda, içerikle, edebi eserdeki görüntü seviyelerini de eşleştirmektedir.

  4. Etno-Dinsel Bir Topluluk Olan Ezidilerin Batman ve Çevresindeki Son Yerleşim Yerleri ve Nüfusları Üzerine On Final Settlement Places and Population of Ezidis, an Ethno-Religious Community, in Batman and nearby Vicinity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muammer ULUTÜRK

    2013-07-01

    lçesine bağlı bazı köylerde sayıca az Ezidi bulunmaktadır. Batman kent merkezinde, Beşiri ilçe merkezinde ve Beşiri’nin köylerinde yaşayan Ezidi nüfusu her geçen gün azalmakta olup toplam nüfus 2012 yılı sonu itibarıyla 140 civarındadır. Batman kent merkezindeki nüfus ise tam olarak tespit edilememekle birlikte 3-5 Ezidi ailenin kaldığı tahmin edilmektedir. 2012 yılı içerisinde bu çalışma kapsamında ziyaret edebildiğimiz Beşiri ve bazı köylerinde yaşayan Ezidiler 1980’li yıllardan itibaren yaşadıkları bir takım siyasi, ekonomik ve dini sorunlar sebebiyle özellikle Avrupa ülkelerine ve Kuzey Irak’a göç etmişlerdir. 1990 yılı başlarından itibaren hızlanan bu göç hareketi halen devam etmektedir. Başta Almanya olmak üzere İsveç, İsviçre, Hollanda ve Danimarka gibi Avrupa ülkelerine yapılan göç yüzünden, Batman ve çevresindeki Ezidi nüfusu yok olma durumuyla karşı karşıya gelmiştir.Bu çalışma, yurt dışından bir geri dönüş hareketi olmaması halinde gelecek yıllarda nüfus bakımından sıfır noktasına ineceğini düşündüğümüz Ezidilerin Batman’daki son durumlarını, son yerleşim yerleri ile birlikte nüfuslarını ortaya çıkarma amacındadır. Araştırma yapılırken güvenlik sebebiyle bazı Ezidi köylerine gidilebilmiş, görüşme isteğimizi kabul eden ancak isimlerinin açıklanmasını istemeyen Ezidilerin bilgilerine başvurulmuştur.

  5. Sāsānilerde Askeri Teşkilat, Silah Teknolojisi ve Savaş Stratejileri Army Organization, Weapon Technology And War Strategies In Sassanid Empire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ulaş Töre SİVRİOĞLU

    2013-07-01

    anddevelopments of Sassanid have also impacted on it’s own language byproviding new terms in terminology of weaponry; Lately, Arabic Muslimand Muslim Turkish governments have also adopted those terms totheir own languages that it shows that integration of martial terms inlanguages illuminate the fact that cultures lived surroundings of Iranhave been mutually impressed each other. Sāsāniler (224-651 dört asır boyunca Romalıların en tehlikeli düşmanları olmuşlardır. Buna karşın Sāsānilerin, antik çağların savaş standartlarını tamamen değiştiren askeri reformları, Roma-Bizans İmparatorluğu tarafından da örnek alınmıştır. Bu etkilenme neticesinde Romalıların da artık süvari sınıflarına daha fazla önem verdikleri görülmektedir. Benzer şekilde Sāsānilerin de silah teknolojisi, askerî teçhizat ve taktikler konusunda kısmen Romalılardan ve daha ziyade Orta Asya’daki Türk kavimlerinden etkilendikleri görülmektedir. Özellikle süvari sınıfının gelişiminde ve ağır zırhlı süvari birliklerinin kurulmasında Sāsāniler Orta Asya ordularını örnek almışlardır. Bu açıdan bakıldığında Sāsānilerin Akdeniz havzası ile Orta Asya steplerinin askeri birikimini bir sentez haline getirdikleri görülmektedir. Kültürlerin karşılıklı etkileşimi neticesinde Geç Antik Çağ ve Erken Orta Çağ periyodunda, Ön Asya’da uzun ve yakın menzilli silahları aynı anda kullanabilen kompozit süvari birlikleri ortaya çıkmıştır. Sāsāniler, askeri birlikler, savaş stratejileri ve silah teknolojisinde yaptıkları yenilikler haricinde karmaşık bir askeri-bürokratik sınıf oluşturmaları, ordularında din adamlarını görevlendirmeleri ve yaptıkları savaşlarda dinsel propagandaya önem vermeleriyle de Ortaçağ’daki savaş anlayışının ideolojik açıdan öncüleri olmuşlardır. Sāsāni başrahipleri olan Mobedan-ı Mobedler askeri-idarî konularda etkin bir rol oynamışlardır. Sāsānilerin asker

  6. Güney Kafkasyada Kadim Yerleşmenin Paleocoğrafi Durumuna Bir Örnek: Nahçıvan An Example to paleogeography of the ancient settlement in South Caucasus : Nakhchivan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustafa ÖZDEMİR

    2013-03-01

    ıl öncesine dayanan Nahçıvan etrafındakiilkin (birincil yerleşmede coğrafi konum, iklim ve doğal kaynaklarönemli rol oynamıştır.Nahçıvan dolaylarının jeolojik oluşum yönünden 420 milyon yılayakın bir geçmişi vardır. Nahçıvan diyarının bugünkü jeo-morfolojikgörünümü üzerinde uzun bir jeolojik (litolojik, stratigrafik ve tektonikgeçmişin etkisi vardır. Devon döneminde okyanus sularıyla kaplananarazi daha sonraları bir çok kez denizlerin transgresyon veregresyonuna maruz kalmış ve Miyosen dönemi sonuna doğru denizsuları bölgeyi tamamen terk etmiştir. Pliyosenin son döneminde iseNahçıvan ve çevresi şu anki orografik görüntüsünü almıştır.Karmaşık jeolojik gelişim süreçleri (volkanizma, tektonikhareketler, farklı stratigrafik basamaklar çeşitli mineral doğalkaynakların oluşmasına bu da gelecekteki yerleşmede ihtiyaç duyulanhammaddenin meydana gelmesine zemin hazırlamıştır.10-12 bin yıl önce Nahçıvan’ın orta ve alçak dağlık arazilerindeılıman soğuk ve rutubetli iklimin hakim olduğu Boreal iklim dönemiyerini; 8-9 bin yıl önce Sıcak Rutubetli Vereal iklim dönemine ve 6-8 binyıl önce de Holosen’in Soğuk Atlantik iklim dönemine bırakmıştır.Yaklaşık 4.5 - 5 bin yıl önce Subboreal iklim döneminde dağlardayeniden ılıman sıcak iklimin hakim olmaya başlamasıyla birlikte Hazardenizi, Kura ve Nahçıvan düzlüklerini istila etmiştir. Bu duruminsanların batıya doğru göç etmesine ve dolayısıyla bugünkü Nahçıvanşehri ve çevresindeki birçok yaşam alanlarının da temelinin atılmasınasebep olmuştur.Nahçıvan’da görülen ilk yerleşmelerde mağaralar, doğal barınaklarve doğal kaleler önemli bir rol oynamıştır. Bununla birlikte jeolojikgelişim sürecinde transgresyonlar sonucu denizlerin Nahçıvan’aarmağan ettiği tuz maden yatakları, Nahçıvan’ın elverişli coğrafi konumu ve eski kervan yollarının buradan geçmesi Nah

  7. Klasik Türk Şiirinde Ceres (Çan/Çıngırak Ceres (Bell/Rattle in the Classical Turkish Poem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bahir SELÇUK

    2012-09-01

    ında irtibat sağlayan bir araç olmuş; hazırlanma, yola çıkma, kafileyi bir arada tutma gibi fonksiyonlar icra etmiştir. Bunun yanında avcı kuşları takip edebilmek amacıyla ayaklarına çıngıraklar takılmıştır. Gündelik hayata ait unsurlara çeşitli gerekçelerle yer verilen Klâsik şiirde, çan ve çıngırak göstergeleri daha çok yukarıda bahsedilen kullanım alanlarıyla şairlerin ilgisini çekmiştir. Zaman zaman şiirde kilise çanını ifade etmek için de ceres kelimesi kullanılmıştır. Fakat ceres göstergesi daha çok kervancılığın sembolü hâline gelen deve çanı için kullanılmıştır. Biçimi, içinin boş olması, baş aşağı durması, hassas olması, gayriihtiyariliği, sürekli ses çıkarması, uzaklardan duyulması, sesini engellemek amacıyla içine ot tıkılması gibi özellikleri ile ceres, şairlere ilham kaynağı olmuştur. Bunun yanında ceresle ilgili beyitlerde yol ve yolculuk teması dikkat çekmektedir. Farklı durumları ifade eden bu yolculuklarda, yol boyunca çekilen sıkıntılardan doğan feryat ve figanlar, âh edip ağlamalar hep ceres göstergesi ile ifade edilmiştir. Şairler, bu özelliklerden hareketle ceres kavramı etrafında zengin ve renkli imajlar oluşturmuşlardır. Bu çalışmada, divanlar taranarak ceres (derâ, zil vb. kelimesinin geçtiği beyitler tespit edilmiş; ceresin, edebî metne yansıyış şekli ve ceres etrafında oluşturulan hayal unsurları üzerinde durulmuştur.

  8. DREAMS AS AN EXAMPLE LANGUAGE OF SYMBOL: INTERPRATED DREAMS FOR DEATH IN THE TURKISH CULTURE SEMBOL DİLİNİN BİR ÖRNEĞİ OLARAK RÜYALAR: TÜRK KÜLTÜRÜNDE ÖLÜME YORUMLANAN RÜYALAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Metin EREN

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available As a complex phenomenon, dream has an important place in the life of individual and society. Resolution endeavour of the meanings which are included by dreams has been atrracted human being’s interest since the preliminary periods of history as based on written documants. It is also an archaic fact to accept the vision of dreams as transformed symbolic language forms of daily life events. Interpretation efforts of this symbolic language has been exposed a traditional, a social, and so, a cultural structure. Formation process of dreams which are most common and collective language of the symbolic language are effected by streaming of life but dreams also influences perception of our daily life.This article is composed of an area study through taking a mixed and random sampling from Ağrı, Muş, Hakkâri, Van and Bitlis where located in area called Van Gölü Havzası. Dreams about death of The Societies of Turkish World are collected from inscribed sources. It is analysed in Turkish World the prevalence and commonality of the symbolic language which consist of the dreams accepted an approaching death. Additionally, it is also analysed the prevalence and commonality of the symbolic language in our research area. Dreams are a very moment in which facts, desires and imaginations about life emanate from unconscious to conscious. All of them reflect in dreams not such in their natural forms but as symbolizationed. As a fact the death deeply impress in both conscious and unconscious of human being. The reflection of death in dreams or interpretation of dreams as an approaching death constitutes a symbolic language. At the same time, this language achieves a character which is shared by society. Karmaşık bir olgu olan rüya, insan ve toplum hayatında önemli bir yere sahiptir. Rüyaların barındırdıkları anlamların çözülmesi çabası tarihin yazılı olarak ve belgelerle takip edilen ilk dönemlerinden bu yana insanoğlunun ilgisini

  9. A Research on the Use of Problem Based Learning Approach: Teaching of Probability Sample [Probleme Dayalı Öğrenme Yaklaşımının Kullanımına Yönelik Bir Araştırma: Olasılık Konularının Öğretimi Örneği

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murat Duran

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to reveal the variation in the perception of middle grade students for problem-based learning components in teaching process of probability topics and determine the attitudes of the students. The study makes use of the explanatory pattern of the mixed method, which enables using qualitative and quantitative data together. The sample of the study was composed of 32 students, selected by simple random sampling method, studying 8th grade of a middle state school in the fall semester of 2013-2014 academic terms in the province of Kars. Quantitave data of the study are tutor evaluation scale and learner’s self-evaluation scale developed by Dokuz Eylul University School of Medicine (2002 and scale of mathematical gains in problem-based learning developed by Biber (2012. Qualitative data of the study are tutor evaluation form, self-evaluation form and the form of evaluation of activity process developed by Eski (2011 and the scenarios developed by researchers. The quantitative data analysis of the study makes use of friedman test, wilcoxon signed rank test, one-way analysis of variance and dependent sample t-test. Qualitative data was analysed using descriptive analysis technique. Quantitative results of the study indicate significant change in learners’ evaluation towards themselves, to the tutor and the learning process. Qualitative results showed that the learners abandoned negative thoughts toward the class and achieved learning goals. [Bu araştırmanın amacı, olasılık konularının öğretimi sürecinde probleme dayalı öğrenme bileşenlerine yönelik öğrenci algılarındaki farklılaşmayı ortaya çıkarmak ve öğrenci görüşlerini belirlemektir. Araştırmada nicel ve nitel verileri bir arada kullanma imkânı veren karma yöntemin açıklayıcı deseni kullanılmıştır. Araştırmanın örneklemi 2013-2014 öğretim yılı güz döneminde Kars ilindeki bir devlet okulunun ortaokul 8.sınıfında

  10. THE TURKIC LANGUAGES AND THEIR DEMOGRAPHIC IMPORTANCE DIE TURKSPRACHEN UND IHRE DEMOGRAPHISCHE BEDEUTUNG TÜRK DİLLERİ VE DEMOGRAFİK ÖNEMİ

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    İhsan Yılmaz BAYRAKTARLI

    2012-06-01

    izelgelerin ortaya çıkarılmasında değişik kanatlardan bilim adamlarının fikirleri önemle dikkate alındı. Çizimler olsun diğer değerlendirmeler olsun hepsi Ural-Altay dilleri alanında uzman bilim adamlarının düşüncelerine dayandırıldı. Çalışma bir çok yeni ve yapıcı fikri ortaya koyarken aynı zamanda da konuyla alakalı muhalif fikirlere de yeterince yer vermektedir. Ural ve Altay Dil gruplarının akrabalık konusunda yapılan tartışmaların önemine binaen, lenguistik delillere öncelikle yer verilmiştir. Japonya’dan Orta-Avrupa’ya kadar geniş bir coğrafyaya yayılmış olan bu dillerin önemi yeterince anlaşılmadığı ortadadır. Genelde Türkologların özellikle de batılı Türkologların yapmış olduğu çalışmalar, çoğunlukla uzman ve karmaşık alanlarda kaldığından, bu çalışma daha klasik bir konuyu ve bahsi geçen dil gruplarının demografik yapısını incelemekle önemli bir boşluğu dolduracaktır

  11. Abdülhak Hamit Tarhan’ın Kürsî-i İstiğrâk Şiirine Estetik Bir Bakış An Overview Of Aesthetic Abdulhak Hamit Tarhan Kürsî-i İstiğrâk Poem

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    Ulaş BİNGÖL

    2013-07-01

    bir forma sahip olduğunu ileri sürer. Ölçü, müzikalite ve ahenk gibi şiir sanatının unsurlarını tabiattan alımlar. Tabiatın sanat yönünü keşfeden Hamit, geniş bir alanda söz söyleme olanağı yakaladığı gibi medeniyetten kaçmak için sığınacak bir yer de keşfeder. Kürsî-i İstiğrâk şiirinde, Tanrı ile tabiat bütünleşmiştir. Alımlayıcı özne ise bu bütünleşmeye dâhil olmak istemektedir; fakat vatan hasreti ve ruhunun derinliklerindeki sıkıntılar önünde bir engel teşkil eder. Bir sanat eserinin estetik çözümlemesi; estetik obje, estetik nesne, estetik algı, estetik değer ve yargı çerçevesinde yapılır. Malzemesi dil olan edebi ürünlerin tahlili diğer sanat eserlerinin estetik çözümlemesine göre daha karmaşık ve zahmetli bir iştir. Metni vücuda getiren dehanın psikolojik durumunun bilinmesi, metnin dokusuna sinmiş felsefi düşüncelerin tespit edilmesi ve en önemlisi metin ile estetik disiplin arasındaki bağlantıların kurulması şarttır. Bu çalışmanın amacı, Abdülhak Hamit’in Kürsî-i İstiğrâk şiirini estetik açıdan değerlendirmektir.

  12. Divan Şairinin Sessiz ve Gizli Anlatımı: Muvaşşah The Secret and Silent Expression of Divan Poet: Muvaşşah

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    Hakan YEKBAŞ

    2012-09-01

    bu unsurların şiire kazandırdığı yeni anlamların tespiti çok önemlidir. Birçok divan şairi, şiirlerinde, sesler ve harfler yoluyla gizli bir dil oluşturmak amacıyla değişik yollara başvurmuşlardır. Bu bakımdan harflerin şekil yönünden olduğu kadar muhteva bakımından da pek çok hususiyet kazandığını ve bu yolla çeşitli edebî sanatların oluşturulduğunu görmekteyiz. Bazen harflerin simgesel değerlerinden faydalanma bazen de harflerin yardımıyla kelime ve kavramlar oluşturma gayesi güden bu farklı denemeler, çizgi dışı olarak nitelendirebileceğimiz uygulamalardır. Bu yüzden diğer edebî sanatlara göre edebiyatımızda örneklerine az rastlanan bu tür uygulamalar, belagata dahil edilen hünerler arasında gösterilmiştir. Edebiyatımızda; harflerin cinslerine, birleşme veya okunuş şekillerine dayalı bu tarz hünerlerden biri de muvaşşah olarak adlandırılan ve daha çok görselliğe dayalı olan yöntemdir. Muvaşşahın günümüzde akrostiş şeklinde ifade edilmesinden dolayı sadece mısra başlarındaki harflerden isim çıkarma sanatı olarak algılandığı malumdur. Halbuki divan şiirindeki muvaşşah örneklerinde sadece mısraların ilk harflerinden değil mısranın ortasında ve sonunda yer alan harflerden de faydalanılmıştır. Şairlerimizin, muvaşşah yoluyla unvan, duâ ifadesi hatta bazen bir mısra veya beyit meydana getirdikleri gibi bu hüneri tarih düşürmede de kullandıkları görülmektedir. Bu bakımdan muvaşşahların farklı muhtevalara sahip olduğunu ifade etmeliyiz. Çalışmamızda bilinen örneklerin dışındaki muvaşşahlardan hareketle bu sanatın farklı hususiyetlerine yer verilmiştir. Kaside, gazel, müseddes, kıt‘a, mesnevî, müstezad gibi değişik nazım şekilleriyle söylenmiş olan muvaşşahlar, bizlere divan şairinin kullandığı gizli dili ve sessiz anlatımı gösterecektir.

  13. Tuhfetü’l- Erîbi’n-Nâfia li’r-Rûhânî ve’t-’Tabîb’in Dili ve Söz Varlığı Language and Vocabulary of Tuhfetü’l- Erîbi’n-Nâfia li’r-Rûhânî ve’t-’Tabîb

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    Feyza TOKAT

    2013-03-01

    her eserin bir de müellifi/müstensihi vardır. Eser müellifinin/müstensihinin sanatına, dil ve üslubuna, dünyaya bakışına, bilgi seviyesine, hatta yaşamına dair izler taşır. Eserin ait olduğu edebî veya tarihî dönemin bilinen genel özelliklerini tekrar etmeyip müellifin/müstensihin eserinin benzerlerinden ve çağdaşlarından farklı yönlerini ortaya koyan çalışmalar, bilinmeyenleri ortaya çıkarması bakımından ayrı bir yere sahiptir. Sultan IV. Mehmet dönemi tarihçilerinden Hezârfen Hüseyin Efendi’nin “Tuhfetü’l- Erîbi’n-Nâfia li’r-Rûhânî ve’t-Tabîb’i (Tabibler ve Canlılar İçin Faydalı Mahir Bir Hediye adlı eseri, 17. yüzyılda kaleme alınmış bir tıp eseridir. Osmanlı Devletinin yükselme döneminde olduğu 17. yüzyılda Osmanlı Türkçesinin oturmuş standart bir dili vardır. Çok geniş alanlara yayılan Osmanlı İmparatorluğunun dili, Arapça ve Farsçadan birçok unsuru alarak bir kültür dili durumuna gelmiştir. 17. yüzyıl Klasik Osmanlı Türkçesinin standart diliyle kaleme alınmış olsa da “Tuhfetü’l- Erîbi’n-Nâfia li’r-Rûhânî ve’t-Tabîb”de Hezârfen Hüseyin Efendi’nin standart dilden farklı olarak tercih ettiği unsurlar bulunmaktadır. Bu sebeple bu çalışmada “Tuhfetü’l- Erîbi’n-Nâfia li’r-Rûhânî ve’t-Tabîb”in standart Osmanlı Türkçesinden ses, şekil ve imlâ özellikleri ile ve söz varlığı bakımından farklılıkları üzerinde durularak, bu döneme ait metinlerde karşılaşılan güçlükleri aşmakta faydalı olmak amaçlanılmıştır.

  14. FRAME SENTENCES WITH ADVERB-VERB AT SALAR TURKISH AND VIEW OF ADVERB-VERB MARKERS SALAR TÜRKÇESİNDE ZARF-FİİLLİ ÖGE CÜMLELER VE ZARF- FİİLL İŞARETLEYİCİLERİNİN GÖRÜNÜMÜ

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    Gülsün MEHMET

    2010-10-01

    önlerden tasvir eden, tamamlayan, tarif eden bir çeşit aksiyon türü (action art kurulumu ya da modal fiil bileşeni (modal verb items olarak görev alır. Günümüzde Çin Halk Cumhuriyetinin Qing-hai (Çing-hai eyaletinde 100 bine yakın Salar Türkü tarafından konuşulmakta olan Salar Türkçesinde isim-fiilli ve sıfat-fiilli birleşik cümle yapısı zayıflamasına karşın, zarf-fiilli birleşik yapılı cümle kurulumu sağlam bir şekilde işler görünmektedir. Salarcada bağlaçlarla kurulan birleşik yapılı cümle tipine rastlanmaz. Aksiyonlar son derece zengin zarf-fiil işaretleyicileri ile birleştirilir. Ayrıca zarf-fiil işaretleyicileri Salarca için mevcut ağızların tespiti ve bunun yanı sıra karma lehçelik özellikleri yansıtması açısından da ilgi çekicidir.

  15. THE RESPONSIBILITY FOR PREVENTING AND DETECTING ACCOUNTING FRAUDS FROM THE VIEWPOINT OF SELF-REGULATORY AGENCIES IN TURKEY: DE JURE STATUS AND DE FACTO APPLICATION

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    Canol KANDEMİR

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available TÜRKİYE’DE DÜZENLEYİCİ KURULUŞLAR AÇISINDAN MUHASEBE HİLELERİNİN ÖNLENMESİ VE ORTAYA ÇIKARILMASI SORUMLULUĞU: HUKUKÎ DURUM VE FİİLÎ UYGULAMAÖzet: Düzenleyici kuruluşların yaklaşımı ve uygulamaları muhasebe hilelerinin önlenmesi ve ortaya çıkarılması sorumluluğunun kapsamının açıklığa kavuşturulmasına yardımcı olabilmektedir. Bu kuruluşların kamunun büyük bir çoğunluğunu adîl ve yansız bir şekilde temsil edeceği varsayılmaktadır. Ayrıca aldıkları kararlar ve karar alma mantıkları hem araştırmacılara, hem de finansal bilgi kullanıcılarına olası hile şüphelileri, bu kuruluşların sorumlulardan özellikle önlemesi ve ortaya çıkarmasını istedikleri hile yöntemleri, hilelerin cezaî yönleri, hilelerin önlenmesi ve ortaya çıkarılmasında temel sorumluluklar ve denetim beklenti boşluğu konularında önemli ipuçları verebilmektedir. Yine bunlar ilgili standart, yasa ve diğer düzenlemelerin oluşturulması ve uygulanmasında önemli etki sahibi olmaktadır. Bu nedenle, bağımsız denetimle ilgili faktörleri de kapsayan bir dizi değişken ile muhasebe hileleri arasında istatistiksel olarak anlamlı bir ilişki olup olmadığını sınayan bir çalışma yapılmış ve sonuç olarak Türkiye’deki düzenleyici kuruluşun muhasebe hilelerinin önlenmesi ve ortaya çıkarılması sorumluluğunu aynı tarafa, müşteri işletme ve yönetimine yüklediği bulunmuştur. Araştırmanın bulguları Türkiye’de bir denetim-beklenti boşluğu olmadığına da işaret etmektedir.THE RESPONSIBILITY FOR PREVENTING AND DETECTING ACCOUNTING FRAUDS FROM THE VIEWPOINT OF SELF-REGULATORY AGENCIES IN TURKEY: DE JURE STATUS AND DE FACTO APPLICATIONAbstract: Self-regulatory agencies’ way of understanding and practices can help clarify the scope of the responsibility for preventing and detecting frauds. They are assumed to represent a vast majority of the public in an unbiased and

  16. Birleştirilmiş Sınıflarda Görev Yapan Öğretmenlerin “Öğretmen” Kavramı İle İlgili Algılarının Metaforik İncelenmesi Metaphoric Examination Of Perception Of Teachers Working In Multigrade Classrooms About “Teacher” Concept

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    Serkan ASLAN

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available In this research, the aim was to reveal perceptions of classroomteachers working in multigrade classroom about teacher concept by themeans of metaphor. In this research, qualitative research pattern of thephenomenological research pattern has been used to determineperceptions of teachers working in multigrade classroom about theconcept of being a teacher. The study group of the research consists of47 teachers who work in multigrade classrooms in the province ofElazıg in the 2012-2013 academic year. The sample selection wasundertaken using the convenience sampling method. In the research,there was an effort to answer followings: what metaphors do teachershave about teacher concept and in which conceptual categories couldthese metaphors be classified according to their common points.Data of the study has gathered from teacher’s completion ofTeacher is like …. because …. sentence. Content analysis, one of thequalitative analysis, have been used in the analysis of the data. Theteachers working in multigrade classrooms produced 29 metaphorsabout concept of being a teacher. The first three metaphors were: 1.Gardener (13.63%, 2. Parental (13.63%; 3. Sun (9.18%. Teacherslikened 18 of the metaphors to living beings while they likened 11 tonon-living things. Metaphors, created by the teachers, were classifiedinto 5 different conceptual categories, highlighting common points.According to the results, multigrade classroom teachers considerteacher concept as information provider, shaper-formative, supporter ofindividual growth, directive and guiding, example of patience. Bu araştırmada, birleştirilmiş sınıflarda görev yapan sınıf öğretmenlerinin öğretmen kavramına ilişkin algılarını metafor yoluyla ortaya çıkarma amaçlanmıştır. Araştırma, sosyal olguları bağlı bulundukları çevre içerisinde araştırmayı ve anlamayı ön plana alan nitel araştırma yaklaşımı çerçevesinde tasarlanmış olup olgubilim deseni kullan

  17. Attitude scale of individuals having mental disabilities towards sports activities (zebseytö: Validity and reliability studyZihinsel engelli bireylerin sportif etkinliklerine yönelik tutum ölçeği (zebseytö: Geçerlik ve güvenirlik çalışması

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    Ekrem Levent İlhan

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available In this research, it was aimed by university students to develop a measurement tool to measure the attitudes of individuals having mental disabilities towards sports activities in terms of validity and reliability. This study which was designed as a mixed model, was performed as two different working groups consisting of totally 376 university students (235 females, 141 males in 2014-2015 Education year spring term. In order to test the validity of measurement tool, Exploratory Factor Analysis (AFA and Confirmatory Factor Analysis (DFA were applied. As a result of AFA, a structure including 28 items and two sub-dimensions explaining 60.988% of total variance was obtained. As a result of DFA which was carried out to confirm this presented structure, sufficient fit indices were obtained. The reliability of measurement tool was investigated by Cronbach Alpha internal coefficient of consistency and test-retest method. Cronbach Alpha and test-retest method analysis provided evidence related with high-level reliability of measurement tool. In the light of these findings, it can be concluded that ZEBSEYTÖ is a data collecting tool which can do valid and reliable measurements and university students can measure the attitudes of individuals having mental disability towards sports activities via this tool.   Özet Bu araştırmada, üniversite öğrencilerinin zihinsel engelli bireylerin sportif etkinliklerine yönelik tutumlarını geçerli ve güvenilir olarak ölçebilen bir ölçme aracının geliştirilmesi amaçlanmıştır. Karma (mixed modelde desenlenen bu araştırma, 2014-2015 Eğitim-Öğretim yılı bahar döneminde toplam 376 (235 kadın, 141 erkek üniversite öğrencisinden oluşan iki farklı çalışma grubu üzerinde yürütülmüştür. Ölçme aracının psikometrik özelliklerine kanıt sağlamak amacıyla öncelikle madde analizi uygulanmıştır. Madde analizleri kapsamında, maddelerin ayırt ediciliğini tespit etmek amac

  18. Dil Öğreniminde ve Öğretiminde Tiyatronun Kullanımı ve Tiyatronun Temel Dil Becerilerine Katkısı The Use Of Theatre In Teaching Of Language And The Contributions Of Theatre To Basic Language Skills

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    Müzeyyen ALTUNBAY

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Education and self-development is a duration which continues through life and has wide boundaries. In addition, learning which forms according to individual’s needs like education and includes mental processes is a multi-faced activity. From past to present, there have been lots of improvements in the thought of people about education. With changing values and needs, different learning fields have appeared in education and training. Language learning and teaching which is one of those, has been one of most important subject recently and isperceived as a most important way of communicating with othersocieties. A variety of method is avaliable in language learning andteaching.. What is important in language learning is to identifyappropriate learning model and method. The essence success inlearning can be achieved by conscious efforts and by finding the correctmethod. For that reason a variety of methods and techniques have beendeveloped in language learning and teaching which is one of the mostimportant issues of today. With current methods and techniques, newapproaches are appearing and used gradually. One of those is learningwith theatre. The use of theatre has been ignored in learning withtheatre and teaching of Turkish as a language. However that theatreaffects and develops basic language skills is known. In this study, theuse of theater in teaching of Turkish as a language and theater’scontribution to the basic language skills are considered. Eğitim ve kişisel gelişim yaşam boyu devam, sınırları çok geniş olan bir süreçtir. Öğrenme ise tıpkı eğitim gibi bireyin ihtiyaçları doğrultusunda şekillenen ve zihinsel süreçleri de kapsayan karmaşık ve çok yönlü bir etkinliktir. Geçmişten günümüze dek eğitim ve öğretim anlayışında oldukça ilerleme kaydedilmiştir. Günümüzde değişen değerler ve ihtiyaçlar ile birlikte bunlara bağlı olarak eğitim ve öğretimde farklı öğrenme alanları ortaya

  19. Tatar Nesrinde Olumlu Kahramanlar Positive Heroes In The Tatar Prose

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    Ramilya YARULLİNA YILDIRIM

    2013-07-01

    ının işlenmesi bunun açık bir kanıtıdır. Son yıllar edebi eleştiri kaynaklarında daima “olumlu kahraman”, “ibretli kahraman”, “bizim dönem kahramanı”, “maskeli kahraman”, “mücadeleci kahraman” gibi düşüncelerle karşılaşmaktayız. Özgürlük cereyanı tesirinde kalan yeni edebiyatın tema ve tarz bakımından zenginleşmesinden, psikolojizmin ilerlemesinden, lirik ve eleştirel eserlerin yaygınlaşmasından dolayı kahraman konseptinin karmaşıklaştığını ve olumlu kahramanın Sovyet Edebiyatındaki itirazsız kahraman taleplerine uymadığını görürüz. Bunlara rağmen, bazı yazarlar kendi eserlerinde hayat ideali seviyesinde olmasa da, büyük bir terbiye gücüne sahip olan olumlu kahramanlar yaratmak için çaba göstermektedirler.Bu makalede D.Zahidullina, A.Helim, G.Gıylmanov, F.bBeyremova gibi son yıllardaki Tatar edebiyatı uzmanlarının olumlu kahraman yaratma prensipleri, düşünceleri ve tecrübeleriyle ilgili tartışmaları üzerinde durulacaktır. Eski edebiyattan itibaren 1980’li yılların sonuna kadarki edebiyat gözden geçirilerek, her tarihi dönemin özelliklerini ve o dönem edebiyat bilimi taleplerini taşıyan olumlu kahraman örnekleri verilmektedir. Son yıllar Tatar edebiyatından F.Safin, M.Malikova, A.Helim ve F.Yarullin nesirleri örneğinde okur için emsal olan ve olumlu kahraman seviyesinde tasvir edilen kahramanların özellikleri tespit edilmekte ve onlar sayesinde yazarların hayat hakkındaki düşünceleri ve gelecekle ilgili idealleri açıklanmaktadır.

  20. Faculty Members’ Perspectives on Teaching Mathematics Online: Does Prior Online Learning Experience Count?

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    Müge Adnan

    2015-01-01

    ına neden olmakla kalmamış, geleneksel yüz yüze eğitim veren yükseköğretim kurumlarının da çevrimiçi uzaktan eğitim programları açmalarına neden olmuştur. Bu çalışma, matematik ve matematik eğitimi alanında görev yapan öğretim üyelerinin çevrimiçi matematik öğretimi konusuna bakışlarını nitel bir yaklaşımla ele almayı amaçlamaktadır. Çalışma, 2013-2014 bahar döneminde, farklı çevrimiçi öğrenme deneyimlerine sahip olan sekiz öğretim üyesinin katılımıyla gerçekleştirilmiştir. Katılımcıların her biriyle, bireysel, yarı yapılandırılmış görüşmeler yapılmıştır. Veri analizi temaların görüşme sorularına eklenmesiyle başlamış, veri toplama sürecinde temalar yeniden yapılandırılmıştır. Temalar çalışmanın genel çerçevesini ortaya koymuş, katılımcıların çevrimiçi matematik öğretimine ilişkin görüşleri arasındaki benzerlik ve farklılıkların belirlenmesi amacıyla kodlar belirlenmiştir. Veri analizi, matematikçiler için çevrimiçi matematik öğretimine dair en önemli kaygının bir disiplin olarak matematiğin doğası olduğunu, matematik eğitimcileri için ise matematik öğretimi yönteminin doğası olduğunu göstermiştir. Her iki grup da, yüz yüze sınıf ortamı ile çevrimiçi teknolojilerin birbirlerini tamamlayıcı olarak kullanıldığı karma bir yaklaşımın matematik öğretimi için daha etkin olacağı konusunda hemfikirdir. Daha önceden çevrimiçi öğrenme deneyimine sahip katılımcıların matematik öğretiminde çevrimiçi teknolojilerin kullanımına ilişkin daha olumlu bir bakışa sahip oldukları görülmüştür.Anahtar Kelimeler: Çevrimiçi öğrenme; çevrimiçi matematik öğretimi; matematik eğitimcileri; mesleki gelişim

  1. YAZMA BECERİSİNDE DÖNÜT VE DÖNÜT ARACI OLARAK KULLANILAN BİLGİSAYARA İLİŞKİN BİR DERLEME ÇALIŞMASI / A LITERATURE REVIEW STUDY ON WRITING IN THE FEEDBACK AND FEEDBACK AS A TOOL USED COMPUTERS

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    Rabia Sena AKBABA

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Yazılı bir metin, yazılı ve sözlü yöntemlerle veya bilgisayar aracılığıyla yapılan dönütlerden sonra daha iyi bir metin hâlini alabilmektedir. Bu araştırmada; dil öğretimi kapsamında ele alınan yazma becerisine yönelik verilen dönütlerle birlikte bu süreçte bilgisayarın nasıl ve ne oranda kullanıldığını incelemek amaçlanmıştır. Çalışmada nitel araştırma yöntemlerinden doküman inceleme tekniği kullanılmıştır. Çeşitli anahtar kelimelerle YÖK Tez ve Google Akademik veri tabanlarında toplam 95 çalışmaya ulaşılmıştır. Bu çalışmalar arasından yazma becerisine verilen dönütleri içeren 34 çalışma araştırma kapsamına alınmıştır. Çalışmalar, yayım yılı, araştırma türü, araştırma yöntemi gibi kıstaslara göre değerlendirilerek elde edilen veriler yüzde ve frekans değerleri ile betimlenmiştir. Yöntem açısından çalışmaların genelde karma yöntemle desenlendiği daha sonra bu oranı sırasıyla nicel ve nitel yöntemlerin takip ettiği görülmüştür. Çalışmalara tayin edilen örneklem düzeyleri, çoğunlukla lisans seviyesinden seçilmiştir. Dönüt verimi, çoğu çalışmada sadece geleneksel yöntem veya sadece bilgisayarlarla sağlanırken bu iki yöntemin birlikte kullanıldığı çalışmalar da bulunmaktadır. Ayrıca bilgisayar kullanımında hangi bilgisayar programının tercih edildiği de incelenmiştir. Son olarak, çalışmalarda yazma becerisine verilen dönütlerle beraber ele alınan değişkenler incelenmiş ve bu değişkenlerde çoğunlukla öz değerlendirme ile akran ve öğretmen değerlendirmesinin ele alındığı görülmüştür. İncelenen çalışmalar sonucunda bilgisayar ve programlarının, yazma performanslarına verilen dönütlerde kullanıldığı ve kullanılma sonucunda da olumlu sonuçlar elde edildiği gözlenmiştir. / A written text becomes better after the given feedback using pen and paper, oral methods

  2. Peyami Safa’nın Yalnızız Romanında Kadın ve Aileye Batılılaşma Ekseninden Bakış Overview Of Westernization Axis To Woman And Family In The Novel Of Peyami Safa’s Yalnızız

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    Sümeyye Dinler KÖKSAL

    2013-03-01

    edebiyat dönemi edebî eserler bakımından verimli bir dönemdir. Zira Batılılaşma ile büyük ölçüde değişime uğrayan sosyal yapıda ele alınacak çokça mesele ortaya çıkmıştır. Böylece Batılılaşma, dönemin birçok edebî eserinde temel konuyu teşkil etmiş olur. Toplumun büyük kesiminde yaşanan bu sosyal değişime kayıtsız kalmayan edebî şahsiyetler, Batılılaşmayı her yönüyle sık sık işlemişlerdir. Özellikle roman türünde Peyami Safa’nın Batı’yı ve Batılılaşmayı işleyen eserler verdiğini görürüz. Toplumsal yapıyı oluşturan unsurları Batılılaşma ekseninde titizlikle ele alan Peyami Safa’nın, kadın ve aileyi bu yöndeki değişimine daha çok eğildiği dikkat çekmektedir. Kadının genel karakteri ve Batılılaşma serüveninde oynadığı rol üzerine kafa yoran Peyami Safa, eserlerinde kadınları özenle işler ve onlara önemli vazifeler yükler. Ailenin temel yapısı ve Batılılaşmadan etkilenme oranı üzerine de tespitlerde bulunan Peyami Safa’nın eserleri bu dönem adına önemli belgeler olarak kabul edilebilir. Bu çalışmada Peyami Safa’nın Yalnızız romanında, kadınların ve aile yapısının, Batılılaşma ile nasıl bir değişime uğradığını tespit etmeye çalıştık. Bu eserde kadın ve ailenin Batılılaşma ile nasıl bir değişime uğradığının örneklerini öne çıkarma fırsatını bulmuş olduk.

  3. Necip Fazıl Kısakürek’in Yunus Emre Adlı Tiyatro Eseri Üzerine Bir İnceleme A Study About Yunus Emre, A Theatre Work Written By Necip Fazıl Kısakürek

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    Turan GÜLER

    2012-09-01

    ürler içinde tiyatroya büyük bir önem veren Necip Fazıl Kısakürek, Yunus Emre adlı oyununda Yunus Emre‟ye oyunun başkişisi olarak yer vermiştir. Bu çalışmada Necip Fazıl Kısakürek‟in Yunus Emre adlı tiyatrosu, oyunun kimlik çözümlemesi, konusu, olay dizisi, kişilik çözümlemesi, mekân ve dekor çözümlemeleri gibi yapısal unsurları bakımından incelenecektir. Eserde Türk-İslam tarihi içinde önemli bir yere sahip olan Yunus Emre‟nin menkıbelere dayalı hayatı tablolaştırılmıştır. Bu tablo içinde bir yandan Yunus Emre‟nin Anadolu‟ya gelmesi ile başlayan serüveni anlatılırken diğer yandan şiirleri aracılığı ile Yunus Emre‟nin yaşadığı tasavvufi yolculuk anlatılır. Oyunda, Yunus Emre devrinde Anadolu‟da vuku bulan bazı sosyal ve siyasal olaylara da göndermeler yapılır. Anadolu‟daki Moğol saldırıları ve hakimiyeti, Selçuklu Devleti‟nin son durumu, Beylikler arasındaki iç çekişmeler, halkın çaresizliği, bu karmaşa içinde tarikatların üstlendikleri çeşitli roller gibi meselelere oyunda yer verilmiştir. İncelememizde yapısal unsurların yanı sıra, bu gibi tematik hususlara da temas edilmiştir. Bu şekilde Yunus Emre‟nin çok fonksiyonlu kimliği ortaya konmaya çalışılmıştır. Son olarak yazar için önemli bir husus olan „Büyük Cihad‟ yani nefis terbiyesi gibi oyunun asıl tez konusuna dikkat çekilmiştir.

  4. Milli Kütüphane 2727 Numaralı Mecmû’a’da Kayıtlı Manzum Bir Melheme A Melheme Written In Verse Registered In The Periodical No:2727 In The National Library

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    Mustafa ALKAN

    2012-12-01

    slam sonrası edebiyatımızda fal ile ilgili eserler görülmektedir.İnsanın geleceğe dair merakını gidermek için kullandığı olaylardan bazıları da Ay veya Güneş tutulması, yeni ay görünmesi, yıldız kayması, şiddetli yağmur veya dolu yağması ya da rüzgâr esmesi, gök kuşağı, şimşek, yıldırım ve deprem gibi bir takım tabiat olaylarıdır. Başka bir deyişle merak hissi, insana tabiat olaylarını kullandırarak gelecekten haber verme konusunda farklı bir yöntem oluşturtmuştur ki buna “melheme” adı verilmektedir. Arap, Fars ve Türk edebiyatında birçok örneği bulunan melhemeler, eski eserlerimiz arasında önemli bir yekün oluşturmaktadır.Bu melhemelerden biri de Milli Kütüphane 2727 numaralı mecmûada kayıtlı olan manzum bir metindir. Bu metinde ayın hangi burçta olduğunu çıkarma yöntemi ile ayın bulunduğu burca göre yapılması uygun olan ya da olmayan işler anlatılmıştır.İlgili metni konu alan bu çalışmamızda fal ve melhemelerle ilgili bilgi verildikten sonra adı geçen mecmuada kayıtlı bu manzum metin incelenmiş, transkribe edilmiş, ayrıca metinde geçen kelimeleri içeren bir sözlük de yazıya eklenmiştir.

  5. Gender stereotypes in primary school Turkish textbooksİlkokul Türkçe ders kitaplarında toplumsal cinsiyet kalıp yargıları

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    Başak Kasa

    2016-10-01

    örünen bazı metinler ve resimler, bireyler arasında cinsiyet farklılığı gözetebilmektedir. Bu sunulan farklılıklar birey tarafından benimsenerek bireyin kendine ilişkin anlamlar çıkarmasına, değerler yüklemesine ve edindiği bu bilgileri yaşama aktarmasına neden olmaktadır. Bu çalışmada Milli Eğitim Bakanlığı (MEB Devlet Kitapları yayınlarının İlkokul 1-4. sınıf Türkçe ders kitaplarında yer alan metinler ve resimler toplumsal cinsiyet kalıp yargıları açısından incelenmiştir. Nitel araştırma yaklaşımın benimsendiği araştırmada veriler doküman incelemesi yoluyla toplanmıştır. İlkokul Türkçe ders kitaplarında yer alan metinlerdeki ve resimlerdeki karakterler toplumsal cinsiyet kalıp yargıları açısından incelenmiş ve toplanan veriler içerik analizi ile çözümlenmiştir. Elde edilen bulgular sonucunda ilkokul Türkçe ders kitaplarında yer alan metinlerde ve görsellerde toplumsal cinsiyet kalıp yargılarının yer aldığı görülmüştür.

  6. Mütoloogilisest mõtlemisest kahe-jalaga-maa-peal-seletustes. On mythological thinking in the representation of the concept two-feet-on-the-ground

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    Mari-Liis Madisson

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available This article focuses on the simultaneous co-existence of mythological and descriptive thinking in common sense discourse. Specifically, it concentrates on the synthesis of types of thought in those understandings that are characterized by the well-known expression having (one’s two-feet-on-the-ground. In order to provide concreteness for the meaning of the expression, I investigated Estonian cyberspace as one of the most prevalent arenas of common sense discourse, and it appeared that two-feet-on-the-ground is used to refer to rationality, sanity and practicality as opposed to, for example, dreamers, bohemians and people who talk about karma or believe in UFOs. People who use having (one’s two-feet-on-the-ground as a key element in their self-description assume that the way they understand the world is more rational and closer to reality than that of bohemians and spiritualists. Behind the above-mentioned two notions, which in themselves are not easy to define, there is a gleam of a more general tendency of Western thought. This is the conclusion reached by Rein Vihalemm, who has argued that what is accepted as truthful knowledge on the level of common sense is usually understood as being synonymous with scientific knowledge; in turn, the notion of the scientific is usually connected with inductive-empirical science. This article argues that the understandings that are posited as having two-feet-on-the-ground are mixed with categories that cannot be considered as belonging to inductive-empirical logic. The question of values, metaphysics and teleology is always (at least implicitly present in those representations. That idea seems to be natural in academic discourse but is not as self-evident on the common-sense level. Those who describe themselves as standing with their two-feet-on-the-ground usually think of metaphysics and teleology as being subjective, useless and distant. In describing the specificity of the logic of two

  7. Pedikül vidasının yerleşim konumuna göre yorulma davranışının sonlu elemanlar yöntemiyle incelenmesi

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    Levent Uğur

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available İnsan vücudunda en sık ağrı genellikle sırt bölgesinde yaşanır. Yapılan istatistikler birçok insanların yaşamının bir noktasında sırt ağrısı yaşadıklarını göstermektedir. Şiddetli bel ve sırt ağrısı tedavisinde yaşanan ağrıyı azaltmak ve omurganın doğal hareket aralığın geri yüklemek için cerrahi tedavi gerekebilir. Pedikül vidalar yaygın olarak omurgada çeşitli fiziksel bozuklukların tedavisinde kullanılmaktadır. Ancak, vidanın omurganın karmaşıklığı nedeniyle yanlış açılarda konumlandırılması vidaya daha fazla yük gelmesine sebep olmakta ve malzeme yorulması nedeniyle vidalarda hasar meydana gelmektedir. Bu çalışmada, sonlu eleman analizi ile pedikül vidasının omurga cerrahisi sırasında optimal konum ve açıda takılması için vidalarda meydana gelen yorulma olaylarını belirlemek amaçlanmıştır. Bilgisayarlı tomografi (BT görüntülerinden elde edilen ham datalar işlenerek üç boyutlu vertebra modeli elde edilmiştir. Vertebra modelinde sagittal eksene göre 27° ve 40° açılarda pedikül vidaları yerleştirilmiştir. Pedikül vidası üç boyutlu katı modelleri, üretici firma kataloglarından elde edilen parametrik değerler kullanılarak Solidworks programında çizilmiş ve üç boyutlu pedikül vidası ve vertebra modelleri, 2 farklı açı ile Solidworks programında montajı yapılmıştır. Elde edilen model, sonlu elemanlar tabanlı ANSYS programına aktarılarak, normal duruş pozisyonunda vertebra yüzeyine gelen yükler uygulanmıştır. İmplant malzemesi olarak literatürden elde edilen Ti-6AL-4V titanyum özellikleri ve S-N grafiği ANSYS programına girilmiştir. Pedikül vidasının vertebra içindeki konumlarına göre ortalama gerilme ve yorulma davranışı karşılaştırılmıştır. Sonlu elemanlar analizleri sonucunda pedikül vidasının konumu vertebranın orta eksenine yakın kortical rim bölgede ortalama gerilme sırasıyla 554

  8. Integrating social studies with mathematics through children’s literatureÇocuk edebiyatı aracılığıyla sosyal bilgilerin matematikle bütünleştirilmesi

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    İlhan İlter

    2014-11-01

    öğrencilerin sorgulama, problem çözme, zaman ve davranışı tanıma, disiplinlerarası bağlantılar kurma deneyimlerine vurgu yapması önerilmektedir. Çocuk kitapları aracılığıyla müfredat bütünleşmesi, öğrencilerin sosyal olaylara ve bilimin doğasına ilişkin karmaşık yapıdaki fikirleri geliştirmesine ve disiplinlere ilişkin kavramlar arasında mantıksal ilişkiler kurmasına yardımcı olur. Müfredat bütünleşmesi, öğrencilere anlamlı öğrenme yaşantıları kazandırarak birtakım olumlu tepkilerin gelişmesine hizmet eder dolayısıyla, onlara sayısız renkler sunar. Bu noktada sosyal bilgilerin matematikle bütünleştirilmesi, öğrencilerin kendi dünyalarını anlamalarına, gerçek hayattaki sosyal olaylarla ilgili matematiksel bağlantılar kurmalarına yönelik ortaklaşa katkılar sağlayabilir. Sosyal bilgilerle matematik; kişisel deneyimlerle matematiksel düşünme arasında derin bağlantılar kurarak matematiği sosyal hayatta kullanan etkin vatandaşların yetiştirilmesine yardımcı olur. Bu çalışmada, belirlenen çocuk edebiyatı aracılığıyla sosyal bilgilerin matematikle bütünleştirilmesi incelenmiştir. Çalışmada nitel araştırma yöntemlerinden doküman inceleme; verilerin analizinde ise içerik analizi tekniği kullanılmıştır. Elde edilen bulgulara göre, belirlenen çocuk edebiyatı ürünleri aracılığıyla sosyal bilgilerin matematikle bütünleştirilmesinin sağlanabilirliği ortaya çıkmıştır.

  9. Arada Kalanların Romanı: Araf The Novel Of Purgatory: Araf

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    Mustafa AYDEMİR

    2013-03-01

    çıdan geleneksel roman anlayışından farklılık gösterir. Türk edebiyatının son dönem yazarlarının çoğunda bu akımın etkileri görülür. Bunda, değişen dünyanın değer yargılarını ve algılarını, postmodern romanın daha başarılı yansıttığı inancı etkilidir. Günümüz edebiyat eserinde birden fazla anlamsal katmanın olması, okuyucuyu farklı okumalara götürerek, onun da anlatıyı kurgulama açısından yazarla eşit söz hakkına sahip olduğunu gösterir. Böylece yazar, okuruna imkânı sunup aradan çekilir ve metnin arka plânını okuyucu tamamlar.Elif Şafak’ın Araf’ı, postmodern roman anlayışını yansıtan bir anlatıdır. Bu çalışmada, romanın öne çıkan özellikleri, belli başlıklar altında incelenmiş ve anlatıdaki postmodern anlayışa dikkat çekilmiştir. Ancak romandaki postmodern özellikler üzerinde durulurken, bir yandan da olay örgüsü, zaman, mekân, şahıs kadrosu gibi klasik romanın unsurları, postmodern bir yaklaşımla değerlendirilmeye çalışılmıştır. Ayrıca romanda farklı anlamlar yüklenen ve sık vurgulanan “isim”ler vesilesiyle birtakım değerlendirmeler yapılmış, bu isimlerin romana kattığı anlamlar üzerinde durulmuştur.Araf, okuyucuyu düşünmeye yöneltmek için karmaşık bir olay örgüsüyle kurgulanmıştır. Postmodern metinlerde olduğu gibi zaman, parçalı ve dağınıktır. Anlatıda mekân, bireyle özdeşleşip onu tahakkümü altına almasa da yer yer işlevsel olarak kullanılır. Ayrıca modern romanda idealize edilmiş, çelişkisiz bireye verilen önemin aksine, postmodern romanda paradoksları olan, duruma göre değişebilen özneye önem verilir. Metinlerarasılık ve imge romanın öne çıkan özelliklerini oluşturur.

  10. Joining together the volunteer and the youth tourism: An implication for Eskişehir/TurkeyGönüllü ve gençlik turizminin birlikte ele alınması: Eskişehir’e yönelik bir öneri

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    Begüm İlbay

    2015-07-01

    şkilidir. Bu çalışmada gönüllü ve gençlik turizmi birlikte ele alınarak, her ikisinin de temel aktörleri olarak gençler ve kurumsal yetkililerin konuyla ilgili eğilimleri incelenmesi ve uygulamaya yönelik öneri getirilmesi amaçlanmıştır. Bu amaçla, Eskişehir ilinde karma desene dayalı bir araştırma yürütülmüştür. İlk olarak, Eskişehir ilinde yaşayan 384 üniversite öğrencisinden anket tekniği ile veri derlenmiştir. İkinci olarak ise kurumsal yetkililer kapsamında yerel yönetim ve Sivil Toplum Kuruluş’larından 9 kişi ile görüşme tekniği ile veri toplanmıştır. Nicel veriler temel olarak faktör analiziyle değerlendirilirken, nitel verilerde içerik analizinden yararlanılmıştır. Araştırma bulgularına göre, gençler arasında turizme katılım oranı çok fazla değildir, ancak gönüllü turizmine genellikle olumlu yaklaşmaktadırlar. Kurum yetkilileri de gönüllü ve gençlik turizmine olumlu yaklaşırken, destekleri daha çok kaynak sağlama bağlamındadır. Planlama ve uygulamada aracı kişi ya da kurum ihtiyacı, üniversitelerin ve yerli halkın desteği de dikkate alınması gereken diğer önemli boyutlar arasındadır. Araştırma sonuçlarına genel olarak bakıldığında, Eskişehir örneğinde gönüllü ve gençlik turizminin temel aktörleri olarak gençler ve kurum yetkilileri konuya olumlu olarak yaklaştığı görülmüş ve buna göre bir uygulama önerisi getirilmiştir.

  11. Ziya Gökalp'in Manzûmeleri ve Ala Geyik Hakkında About Ziya Gökalp poem and fallow deer

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    Gencay ZAVOTÇU

    2012-12-01

    imitative and cosmopolite elite culture.” In light of Turkism in Language, an idea he highly valued, the fact that Turkish words dominated his string of words, and that he used syllabic meter, revealed how he as an intellectual with his poems and essays contributed to the New Language Movement. Osmanlı Devleti’nin en sıkıntılı günlerine tanık olan Ziya Gökalp, aydınların İslam Birliği, Osmanlıcılık ve manda taraftarı olduğu bir dönemde Türk milliyetçiliğini savunmuş ve Türklük bilincini öne çıkarmış bir fikir adamıdır. Gökalp’in savunduğu Türk milliyetçiliği nihâî olarak Turan Ülküsü gibi bir Türk dünyası hayâli içerse de yüzyıllarca bastırılmış Türklük bilincinin uyanmasını sağlamak açısından etkili olmuştur. Gökalp, devletin ve milletin içinde bulunduğu kötü durumdan kurtulması için önerdiği fikirlerle Ulusal Kurtuluş Savaşı sonrası yapılan yeniliklerin bir kısmına da katkı sağlamıştır. Bu çerçevede, Gökalp’in hararetle savunduğu fikirlerden biri kültür ve edebiyatın karmaşık yapıdan kurtulup millî bir kimliğe bürünmesi olmuştur.Gökalp’e göre edebiyatın millî bir kimlik kazanabilmesi halk kültürüne yönelmesi ve halk edebiyatından beslenmesi ile gerçekleşir. Yüzyıllarca ötelenmiş, ihmal edilmiş ve hak ettiği değeri görememiş olan halk aslında milletin temel gücü ve dayanağı konumundadır. Yazar ve şairler halk kültüründen beslendikleri ölçüde eserleri millî bir hüviyete bürünür, milletin öz değerlerini işledikleri müddetçe geniş halk kesimi tarafından okunup anlaşılabilirler. Oysa, halk kültürü bazı Osmanlı aydın ve bürokratları tarafından yüzyıllarca küçümsenmiş, hatta hakîr görülmüştür.Ziya Gökalp’in bu düşünceler ışığında yazdığı Asker İle Şair, Halîfe ve Müftü, San’at, Kavim, Meslek Kadını, Askerin Türküsü, Esnâf Destanı v.d. sorumluluk sahibi, bilinçli, itaatkâr, d

  12. A case study on the state–trait anxiety levels, general self-efficacy, and stress-control skills of undergraduate students having music educationMüzik eğitimi alan üniversite öğrencilerinin durumluk-sürekli kaygı düzeyleri, genel öz yeterlik ve stres kontrolü becerileri üzerine bir durum çalışması

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    Emre Üstün

    2016-08-01

    of individuals who didn’t have this education, that there was a positive effect of having the music education on individuals’ skills of self-efficacy and stress management, and that there was an improvement in those skills. It was also found that the music education has a significant impact on decreasing the state-trait anxiety levels, and increasing the self-efficacy and stress-management skills.   Özet İnsanlık tarih boyunca müziğin eğitici işlevine inanmış olup müziğe bir eğitim aracı olarak önemli bir yer ayırmıştır. Bireylerin başarılı olmalarını, hayal gücünü ve beyin gelişimini arttıran müzik eğitimi bireylere, topluma kazandıracağı olumlu niteliklerin verilmesini amaçlar. Eğitimin önemli bir boyutu olan müzik ile bireyler sadece bir alanda bilgilenmiş olarak değil, günümüz toplumlarının hızlı gelişimine de ayak uydurabilecek ve çok yönlü bireyler olarak yetişeceklerdir. Mesleki gelişim amacına ağırlık verilen günümüz üniversite eğitiminde akademik, kişisel ve sosyal yönleri ile çok yönlü bireyler yetiştirilmesi daha çok önem kazanmıştır. Müzik eğitimi, çok yönlü bireyler yetiştirilmesi anlayışına en uygun alanlardan birini oluşturmaktadır. Bilindiği gibi müzik bireysel, toplumsal, kültürel, ekonomik ve eğitimsel nitelikleri ile birçok işlevi olan çok yönlü bir olgudur. Bu yönleri ile bakıldığında müzik eğitimi vermeyi amaçlayan üniversitelerdeki uygulanan seçmeli müzik dersleri de öğrencilerin müziksel algılama yeteneğini ve müzik yaşamını yüksek düzeyde geliştirecektir. Bu durumdan yola çıkarak üniversitelerde verilen seçmeli müzik derslerinin bu dersi alan öğrenciler üzerinde kaygı, öz yeterlik ve stres durumlarında ki etkiyi ortaya çıkarması amaçlanmıştır. Üniversitesi programlarında yer alan seçmeli müzik derslerinin bu dersi alan öğrenciler üzerinde kaygı, genel öz yeterlik ve stres yönetimi d

  13. Postmodern Roman’da Anlatıcı, Zaman ve Mekân Yapısı Narrator, Time and Space Structure of Postmodern Novel

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    Gamze ÖZOT

    2012-09-01

    are given to reader and it is -expected from the reader to create rest of it in the mind. The space socalled“hyper space” by postmodernists is variable in postmodernnovels; it can not demonstrate a clear stance. Metinlerarasılık ve üstkurmaca tekniklerinin sıkça kullanıldığı, modern romanlardakinin aksine özneye değil de söylemin kendisine odaklanan, tarihi gerçeklerle kurguyu iç içe vererek tarihten yararlanan postmodern roman sıra dışı kurgusuyla dikkatleri üzerine çekmeyi başarır. Postmodern romanda anlatıcı, mekân ve zaman yapıları modern roman ve yansıtmacı romana göre ilginç farklılıklar gösterir. Postmodern romanın yazarı çoğul anlatıcı tekniğiyle okuru şaşırtırken, “hyper mekân” yapısının değişkenliği ve bir arada verilmiş farklı zaman dilimlerinin yapısıyla okuyucuyu alışık olmadığı bir âlemin içinde tek başına bırakır. Postmodern romanda anlatıcı oldukça etkin bir rol üstlenir. Figüratif kadronun önemli bir elemanı olabileceği gibi kurgunun yazılım aşamasına müdahale etmesi de söz konusudur. Sık sık fikir beyan eder ve adeta romanı yönlendirir. Postmodern romanın anlatıcısı bu yönüyle okuyucuyu peşinden sürükler, meraklandırır ve kimi zaman da gülümsetir. Postmodern romanlarda çizgisel, kronolojik zaman kullanımının çoğunlukla kırılmaya çalışıldığı gözlemlenir. “Şimdi”nin, anında aktarmanın belirgin bir şekilde öne çıktığı postmodern romanlarda zaman klasik ve modern tarzdaki romanlara oranla önemsizleştirilmiştir. Zamana ait birimler, yani nesnel zaman -gün, ay, yıl...- postmodern romanlarda ya karmaşıklaştırılır ya kronolojisi altüst edilerek kullanılır ya da üstü örtük, belirsiz bir şekilde verilir. Bununla birlikte postmodern romanda, metnin yazılış zamanı ile kurgunun zamanı koşut kılınabilir. Daha somut bir ifadeyle metnin yazılma süreci, okuyucunun o anda elinde tuttuğu romanın ana

  14. Tahsin Ömer’in “Darb-I Mesellerimiz Hakkında Tahlili Tedkikat” Adlı Atasözleri Seçkisi A Selection of Proverbs from Tahsin Ömer’s “Darb-ı Mesellerimiz Hakkında Tahlili Tedkikat”

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    Abdulmuttalip İPEK

    2012-09-01

    foreword. Atasözleri ve deyimler, toplumların uzun süren gözlem, deneyim ve yaşantılarına dayandığından; ait oldukları toplumun yaşama biçiminden düşünce yapısına, değer yargılarından ahlâk anlayışına varıncaya kadar çok değişik konuları içerirler. Bu nedenle bir milletin bütün kültür ve değerler dünyasının özü mesabesinde olan kalıplaşmış sözlerdir. İletişim esnasında kısa, kestirme ve etkili bir anlatımı mümkün kılan atasözleri, aynı zamanda bir milletin felsefesini de yansıtır. Bu bakımdan bu söz varlıklarının bilinmesi ve yaşatılması hayatî önem arz etmektedir. Türk dilinin bilinen en eski sözlüğü olan Divânü Lügati’t-Türk’ten günümüze değin bu söz varlıklarını yaşatma ve kayıt altına alma amacına yönelik önemli sözlükler kaleme alınmıştır. Bunların her biri Türk dili ve kültürü açısından birbirinden değerli kaynaklardır. Bu makalede, yapılan taramalar ve araştırmalar neticesinde, bugüne kadar –bir iki yazı dışında– varlığından söz edilmemiş bir atasözü seçkisi üzerinde durulacaktır. 1337-1340 (M. 1921 yıllarında İstanbul Şehzâdebaşı’ndaki Evkâf Matbaası’nda basılan ve Tahsin Ömer tarafından kaleme alınmış olan “Darb-ı Mesellerimiz Hakkında Tahlîlî Tedkîkât” adlı risalenin, Toronto Üniversitesi Kütüphanesi’nde PN 6505 T8 035 numarada kayıtlı, eski harfli matbu nüshası kısa bir değerlendirme ilave edilerek yeni yazıya çevrilmiştir. Tahsin Ömer’in iki buçuk sayfalık mukaddimede belirttiği üzere bu eser, memleketimizde kullanılan beş bine yakın darbımeselin birer birer tetkiki neticesinde toplanan iki yüze yakın sözün, sahip olduğu manalar itibariyle ayrı ayrı kadrolar halinde tasnif edilip, halkın çeşitli dersler çıkarması ve ibret alması amacıyla kaleme alınmış 16 sayfalık bir risaledir. Pek hacimli olmayan bu risalenin en dikkate değer tarafı müellifinin darb

  15. THE GHOST OF THE HOUSE OF SILENCE: A DEFICIENT ENLIGHTENMENT PROJECT SESSİZ EV’İN HAYALETİ: GÜDÜK BİR AYDINLANMA PROJESİ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seyit Battal UĞURLU

    2009-12-01

    criticism about the Turkish cultural history’s positivist thinking line, by means of the mentioned novel, problematizes the relationship between the intellectuals and the society. In this article, by focusing on Selahattin Darvınoğlu character’s intellectual profile who elapses from the Constitutional Monarchy to early Republican Period, in the novel The House of Silence; an analytical analysis is done about encyclopedia, positivism, social engineering and their socio-cultural consequences. Orhan Pamuk’un (d.1954 ikinci romanı Sessiz Ev’de (1983 anlatılan üç kuşaktan ilkinde yer alan Doktor Selahattin Darvınoğlu, Tanzimat döneminde Türk kültür ve düşünce tarihine giren pozitivist düşünceyi temsil eden, aşırı uçlarda gezinen ansiklopedist ve atipik bir aydındır. Eşi Fatma Hanım’ın anılarıyla aktarılan Darvınoğlu, gün yüzüne çıkamayan bir ansiklopedi projesi aracılığıyla, toplum mühendisliği rolünü üstlenmiş ancak bu hedefinde başarısızlığa uğramışlığıyla, Meşrutiyet ve erken Cumhuriyet dönemi pozitivist Türk aydınının bir damarını da temsil eder. Doktor Selahattin’den kalan miras da, kendini adadığı işin kısırlığını vurgulayan sembolik anlamla yüklü öğeler üzerinden açımlanır: Yaşamının son dönemlerini yaşamakta olan karısı, Selahattin’in bilimci baskısına ve ihanetine maruz kalmış, evliliğini yaşayamamıştır. Hizmetçisiyle ilişkisinden doğan iki oğlu, karısı tarafından sakat bırakılmış ve romanın anlatı zamanında bedensel açıdan yetersiz, dolayısıyla idealini sürdürme ehliyetine haiz olmayan ve nesep açısından da sorunlu iki evlattır. 12 Eylül dönemine denk düşen ve karşıt uçlar arasındaki çatışmaların sürdüğü karmaşa ortamını anlatan romanda, Selahattin Bey’in torunlarının, eşi Fatma Hanım’ın yaşadığı kasabada geçen bir haftalık zamanı anlatılmaktadır. Pamuk’un politik ve kültürel ya

  16. Kişilik ve Şiddet İlişkisi Üzerine Bir Psikolojik Araştırma

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    Mustafa ULU

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Şiddet konusu üzerine yapılan araştırmaların ortak vurgusu şiddetin son derece karmaşık ve çok boyutlu bir olgu olduğudur. Bu çalışma ile de şiddete ilişkin boyutlardan birisi olduğu varsayılan kişilik özellikleri üzerinde durulacaktır. Bu anlamda ilk olarak şiddet kavramı ortaya konulmaya çalışılacak ve literatür değerlendirmesine yer verilecektir. Sonrasında ise kişilik konusuna değinilecek ve kişilik konusunda ortaya çıkan yaklaşımlar tartışılacaktır. Daha sonra her iki değişken arasındaki ilişki üzerine gerçekleştirilen araştırmaya ilişkin istatistiksel analizler ve sonuçlarına yer verilecektir. Son olarak ise araştırma verilerinin değerlendirildiği sonuç bölümü ile çalışma tamamlanacaktır. Bu çalışma da lise düzeyinde öğrenim gören gençler arasında şiddet ile kişilik özellikleri arasında bir ilişki olup olmadığını ve eğer böyle bir ilişki söz konusu ise kişilik grupları arasında şiddete en yatkın grubun belirlenmesini amaçlamaktadır. Araştırmada Kayseri ilindeki devlet okullarında öğrenim gören 587 Lise öğrencisi üzerinde anket yöntemi ile veri toplanmıştır. Şiddete eğilimin ölçülmesinde Haskan ve Yıldırım (2012 tarafından geliştirilen ‘Şiddet Eğilimi Ölçeği’; kişilik özelliklerinin belirlenmesinde ise ‘Beş Etmen Teorisi’ kullanılmıştır. Verilerin çözümlenmesinde ve analiz edilmesinde bağımsız örneklem t testi kullanılmıştır. Ayrıca ortalamalar arasında anlamlılık seviyesinde ilişkilerin olup olmadığının belirlenmesi için Tek yönlü ANOVA tekniğine başvurulmuştur. Introduction and Purpose of the Study Despite the rules established to allow people and societies to coexist and live in a system and the predictions of "reducing the incidence of violence" with the development of civilizations and societies, injustice, murder, violence and terror continue to exist even at different

  17. FOREWORD: Heterogenous nucleation and microstructure formation—a scale- and system-bridging approach Heterogenous nucleation and microstructure formation—a scale- and system-bridging approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Emmerich, H.

    2009-11-01

    : Springer) [2] Mutaftschiev B 1993 Handbook on Crystal Growth ed D T J Hurle (Amsterdam: North-Holland) p 187 [3] Lacmann R and Schmidt P 1977 Current Topics in Materials Science ed E Kaldis and H J Scheel (Amsterdam: North-Holland) vol 2, pp 301-25 [4] Skripov V P 1977 Current Topics in Materials Scierce ed by E Kaldis and H J Scheel (Amsterdam: North-Holland) 327-78 [5] Chayen N E 1997 J. Appl. Crystallogr. 30 198 [6] Cho J and Thompson C V 1989 Appl. Phys. Lett. 54 2577 [7] Boettinger W J, Coriell S R, Greer A L, Karma A, Kurz W, Rappaz M, and Trivedi R 2000 Acta mater. 48 43 [8] www.spp1296.rwth-aachen.de [9] Volmer M and Weber A 1926 Z. Phys. Chemie. 119 227 [10] Becker R and Döring W 1935 Ann. Phys. 24 719 [11] Turnbull D and Fisher J C 1949 J. Chem. Phys. 17 71 [12] Oxtoby D W 1992 J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 4 7627 [13] Gránásy L and Iglói F 1997 J. Chem. Phys. 107 3634 [14] Gránásy L, Börzsönyi T, Pusztai T 2003 Interface and Transport Dynamics ed H Emmerich, B Nestler and M Schreckenberg (Berlin: Springer) p 190 [15] Emmerich H and Siquieri R 2005 Numerical Heat Transfer ed A Nowack and R A Bialecki [16] Gránásy L 1993 J. Non-Cryst. Solids 162 301 Dragnevski K I, Cochrane R F and Mullis A 2004 Mat. Sci. Eng. A 375-377 479 [17] Sood A K 1991 Solid State Physics 45 1

  18. Türk Sözlükbiliminin Problemleri The Problems Of Turkish Lexicography

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    Andreas Tietze

    2012-12-01

    -figures, slang and regional dialects.In the second main topic, when Tietze order the problems whichemerge in lexicography, firstly he deals with the problem ofsubsumpiton. According to him when dictionary writer writes hisdictionary which materials enter or keep out the dictionary is a veryserious problem. For example he should dismiss the meanings, entriesand thousands of items which actually din not exist in Turkish with theinclusion of outdated, suggested but in a short time disappering andprobable materials which come from old culture tradition. Further, the author longly examines the problems of alphabet and spelling and problems of explanation and definition. Yazar Türk Sözlükbiliminin problemlerini; Dilin kendine ait problemler ve sözlükbiliminde ortaya çıkan problemler olmak üzere iki ana başlık altında inceler. Birinci problem üzerinde epeyce geniş durur. Bunu toplam altı alt başlıkta uzun uzun irdeler.Yazar, dilin kendine ait problemlerini incelemeye geçmeden önce uzunca bir giriş yapar. Bu bölümde; sözlük yazarının çalışmasına başlamadan bir dizi prensip kararlarını almak zorunda olduğunu belirtir. Sonra Türkçe terimine açıklamaya girişir ve Türkçenin son 1000 yıldır geçirdiği serüveni kısaca özetler. Bu arada daha sonra uzun uzun işleyeceği sorunlara temas eder. Bütün bunların sözlük yazarının işini güçleştiren problemler olduğunu belirtir.Tietze, önce “dilin adı” konusuna açıklık getirir ve buradaki karmaşaya dikkat çeker. Bundan dolayı sözlük yazarının - hali hazırda dilin adlandırılmasında- çıkmaza girdiğini ve kendisinin bir neticeye ulaşmak zorunda olduğunu söyler. İkinci olarak Türkçeyle tarihsel bağlantısı olan lehçelerin (Çağatay, Azeri, Türkmen vd. cazip sözvarlığının ne olacağıdır? Üçüncü konu ise sözlük yazarının sözlüğünü oluştururken tarihsel olarak ne kadar geri gideceği ve sözlük malzemesinin ne kadar eski olacağıdır. D

  19. PREFACE: Classical density functional theory methods in soft and hard matter Classical density functional theory methods in soft and hard matter

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haataja, Mikko; Gránásy, László; Löwen, Hartmut

    2010-08-01

    [10] Wu K-A and Karma A 2007 Phys. Rev. B 76 184107 [11] Elder K R, Provatas N, Berry J, Stefanovic P and Grant M 2007 Phys. Rev. B 75 064107 [12] Berry J, Elder K R and Grant M 2008 Phys. Rev. E 77 061506 [13] Huang Z-F and Elder K R 2008 Phys. Rev. Lett. 101 158701 [14] Wu K-A and Voorhees P W 2009 Phys. Rev. B 80 125408 [15] Stefanovic P, Haataja M and Provatas N 2009 Phys. Rev. E 80 046107 [16] Tegze G, Gránásy L, Tóth G I, Podmaniczky F, Jaatinen A, Ala-Nissial T and Pusztai T 2009 Phys. Rev. Lett. 103 035702 [17] Jaatinen A and Ala-Nissila T 2010 Extended phase diagram of the three-dimensional phase field crystal model J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 22 205402 [18] Tóth G I, Tegze G, Pusztai T, Tóth G and Gránásy L 2010 Polymorphism, crystal nucleation and growth in the phase-field crystal model in 2D and 3D J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 22 364101 [19] Wu K-A, Plapp M and Voorhees P 2010 Controlling crystal symmetries in phase-field crystal models J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 22 364102 [20] Elder K R and Huang Z-F 2010 A phase field crystal study of epitaxial island formation on nanomembranes J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 22 364103 [21] Backofen R and Voigt A 2010 A phase-field-crystal approach to critical nuclei J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 22 364104 [22] Löwen H 2010 A phase-field-crystal model for liquid crystals J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 22 364105 [23] Harrowell P 2010 On the existence of a structural instability in sub-critical crystalline fluctuations in a supercooled liquid J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 22 364106 [24] Hansen-Goos H and Mecke K 2010 Tensorial density functional theory for non-spherical hard-body fluids J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 22 364107 [25] Denton A R 2010 Poisson-Boltzmann theory of charged colloids: limits of the cell model for salty suspensions J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 22 364108 [26] Rauscher M 2010 DDFT for Brownian particles and hydrodynamics J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 22 364109 [27] Marini Bettolo Marconi U and Melchionna S 2010 Dynamic density