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Sample records for karla hawkins wendelin

  1. Obituary: Gerald S. Hawkins, 1928-2003

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krupp, Edwin C.

    2003-12-01

    Public perceptions of human prehistory were transformed in the 1960s by astronomer Gerald Stanley Hawkins, who died suddenly and unexpectedly of a heart attack on 26 May 2003 at Hawkridge Farm, in Virginia, near Washington, D.C. His astronomical analysis of Stonehenge, first published in "Nature" on 26 October 1963, and subsequently developed and framed with historical and cultural context in a best-selling book, "Stonehenge Decoded" (1965, in collaboration with John B. White), was also showcased internationally at the time in a one-hour CBS television documentary special, "The Mystery of Stonehenge". The high-profile, unconventional, and cross-disciplinary character of Hawkins's celestial interpretation of Stonehenge alignments and his configuration of the monument as an eclipse predictor attracted archaeological skepticism that provided the controversy desired by the makers of the television program. Antagonism was contrived between Hawkins and archaeologist Richard J.C. Atkinson by the production team to introduce conflict that would enhance audience interest in the subject, and the televised dispute troubled both men for decades. By the early 1970s, however, Hawkins had inspired others to examine the astronomical potential of ancient and prehistoric monuments in many parts of the world. He ignited modern studies of archaeoastronomy. In fact, in a second book on the subject, "Beyond Stonehenge" (1973), Hawkins reported his expanding perspective with accounts of his fieldwork on New Kingdom temples in Egypt, on the giant geoglyphs near Nazca, Peru, and at other sites. He also brought the work of other investigators to the attention of his many readers. He established methods and protocols for alignment studies and invited others to use them. Following, in a sense, the footsteps Sir J. Norman Lockyer left among the antiquities in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, Hawkins reexamined the alignments of several Egyptian temples, documented significant

  2. Karla Solano. El cuerpo que tú buscas

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    El ensayo-entrevista sobre Karla Solano, aborda los inicios de su obra en fotografía y el arte contemporáneo y analiza el conocimiento del cuerpo humano como una de las grandes temática del arte y el reconocimiento de su propio cuerpo como principal sujeto de estudio, central en sus distintas temáticas, proyectos y exposiciones.Al investigar el contexto de su crecimiento como persona creativa, fue indispensable valorar los procesos culturales, políticos y sociales del entorno urbano donde ell...

  3. Obituary: Ben Hawkins Moore, 1921-2003

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, James F.

    2004-12-01

    Ben H. Moore, emeritus professor of physics, astronomy and earth sciences at St. Cloud State University, Minnesota, died 7 November 2003, in South Padre Island, Texas. Ben was born 18 March 1921, in Kansas City, Missouri, to Fraser D. and Cora R. (Hawkins) Moore. Though his parents provided a strong guiding influence on Ben's development, Ben's career was impacted most clearly by his work as a student and research assistant for Allen Basset (Ben's father-in-law) at Park College. This relationship turned Ben's early interest in chemistry and biology toward a focus on physics. Ben received his undergraduate degree from Park College where he graduated Phi Delta Kappa. He received a MS in physics from Kansas State University. He also did post-masters work at the University of Kansas, the University of Colorado, the University of Washington and Temple University. In addition to his work as a research assistant, Ben taught at Park College as well as Washington Kansas High School, Wyandotte High School, and Kansas City Kansas Junior College before moving to St. Cloud State University in 1960. He retired from this teaching position in May 1982 but remained involved in activities of his department, including some teaching, through most of his years in retirement. Ben's accomplishments were mainly centered on his teaching. His development of courses and his rapport with students consistently brought praise from both his colleagues and his students. Above all, his work involved innovative development of the curriculum in the sciences at St. Cloud State. Soon after his arrival at the university, Ben took over the fledgling field geology course and continued to shape this offering into a program in earth sciences. The popularity of his classes, which attracted both general students and a growing number of majors, finally enabled the university to establish an earth sciences department in the late 1960's and Ben was the first chair of that department. In the mid-1960's Ben took

  4. 77 FR 69929 - Western Carolina Railway Service Corporation, Steven C. Hawkins and Cheryl R. Hawkins-Continuance...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-21

    .... Hawkins--Continuance in Control Exemption--Aiken Railway Company, LLC Western Carolina Railway Service... noncarrier Aiken Railway Company, LLC (AIKR), upon AIKR's becoming a Class III rail carrier. This transaction... near Oakwood, S.C.; and (2) the AB Line extending 6.45 miles between milepost AB 23.75 at or near Aiken...

  5. Willingness to pay for more efficient irrigation techniques in the Lake Karla basin, Greece.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mylopoulos, Nikitas; Fafoutis, Chrysostomos

    2014-05-01

    Thessaly, the second largest plain of Greece, is an intensively cultivated agricultural region. The intense and widespread agriculture of hydrophilic crops, such as cotton, has led to a remarkable water demand increase, which is usually covered by the overexploitation of groundwater resources. The Lake Karla basin is a prominent example of this unsustainable practice. Competition for the limited available freshwater resources in the Lake Karla basin is expected to increase in the near future as demand for irrigation water increases and drought years are expected to increase due to climate change. Together with the Unions of Agricultural Cooperatives, the Local Organizations of Land Reclamation is planning to introduce more efficient, water saving automated drip irrigation in the area among farmers who currently use non-automated drip irrigation, in order to ensure that these farmers can better cope with drought years and that water will be used more efficiently in crop production. Saving water use in irrigated agriculture is expected to be beneficial to both farmers and the restoration of Lake Karla and its wildlife like plants and birds. The aim of this study is to understand and record the farmers' opinions regarding the use of irrigation water and the restoration of Lake Karla, and to extract valuable conclusions and perform detailed analysis of the criteria for a new irrigation method. A general choice experiment with face-to-face interviews was conducted, using a random sample of 150 open field farmers from the study area. The farmers, who use the non-automated drip irrigation method and their farms are located within the watershed of Lake Karla, were interviewed regarding their willingness to switch to more efficient irrigation techniques, such as automated and controlled drip irrigation.The most important benefits of automated drip irrigation are an increase in crop yield, as plants are given water in a more precise way (based on their needs during the

  6. 75 FR 53730 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Richard Hawkins-Third Mind”

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-01

    ... Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Richard Hawkins--Third Mind'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of... determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Richard Hawkins--Third Mind,'' imported...

  7. An Extension of the Hawkins and Simon Condition Characterizing Viable Techniques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto Benítez Sánchez

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses an extended version of the Hawkins and Simon condition which constitutes a synthetic formulation of the mathematical properties that viable economies must satisfy in single production models. The new version is implicit in the economic interpretations offered by them of the Hawkins and Simon condition, once a correction is introduced in one of those interpretations. Moreover, the paper details the meaning of the extended version following the interpretation of the original version proposed by Dorfman, Samuelson, and Solow. It also introduces a characteristic property of indecomposable matrices that has not previously been published.

  8. "Beyond the pale of ordinary criticism": eccentricity and the fossil books of Thomas Hawkins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carroll, Victoria

    2007-06-01

    Thomas Hawkins wrote two books about his extraordinary collection of fossil reptiles: Memoirs of Ichthyosauri and Plesiosauri (1834) and The Book of the Great Sea-Dragons (1840). When contemporary readers explicitly labeled these books "eccentric," they were making use of a new discourse that aimed to make sense of phenomena that appeared to transgress the boundaries of an increasingly ordered and structured world. Some modern-day commentators have dismissed Hawkins's books because of their perceived eccentricities. This essay, by contrast, uses techniques of close reading and reception analysis to investigate them precisely as specimens of "eccentric" literature. It argues that, like other eccentric phenomena, the books were perceived to be liminal--they were felt to undermine the generic boundaries that governed the production and interpretation of the different kinds of literary work. Eccentricity as a social and cultural phenomenon has received surprisingly little attention from scholars until very recently. Through analyzing and contextualizing Hawkins's books, and the varied responses they provoked, this essay aims to contribute to our understanding both of eccentricity and of the generic conventions shaping varieties of scientific writing in the nineteenth century and beyond.

  9. Hawkins Group I fracture of neck of talus and Salter Harris Type III tibial epiphyseal injury of medial malleolus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prasad, Kodali Siva R K; Vali, Hamza; Hussain, Altaf

    2013-01-01

    We are reporting an unusual combination of Hawkins Group I fracture of the neck of left talus in association with Salter Harris Type III distal tibial epiphyseal injury of medial malleolus in a child with cerebral palsy and hemiplegia of contralateral limbs and discussed the possible mechanism as well as management. Fractures of medial malleolus usually occur in Hawkins Group III fracture-dislocations in adults. Forced dorsiflexion of talus against the anterior edge of tibia appears to be the accepted common mechanism, despite limited experimental and clinical evidence incriminating axial compression. Fracture of medial malleolus implicates supination. We managed this unusual pattern of injury conservatively. At 15 months, the child was asymptomatic with no radiological evidence of avascular necrosis of body of talus or growth disturbance of distal tibial epiphysis. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  10. Level II scour analysis for Bridge 17 (LYNDTH00020017) on Town Highway 2, crossing Hawkins Brook, Lyndon, Vermont

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wild, Emily C.; Medalie, Laura

    1997-01-01

    This report provides the results of a detailed Level II analysis of scour potential at structure LYNDTH00020017 on Town Highway 2 crossing Hawkins Brook, Lyndon, Vermont (figures 1–8). A Level II study is a basic engineering analysis of the site, including a quantitative analysis of stream stability and scour (U.S. Department of Transportation, 1993). Results of a Level I scour investigation also are included in Appendix E of this report. A Level I investigation provides a qualitative geomorphic characterization of the study site. Information on the bridge, gleaned from Vermont Agency of Transportation (VTAOT) files, was compiled prior to conducting Level I and Level II analyses and is found in Appendix D.The site is in the Green Mountain section of the New England physiographic province in northeastern Vermont. The 7.7-mi2 drainage area is in a predominantly rural and forested basin. In the vicinity of the study site, the surface cover is forest on the left and right upstream overbanks. The downstream left and right overbanks are brushland.In the study area, Hawkins Brook has an incised, sinuous channel with a slope of approximately 0.02 ft/ft, an average channel top width of 78 ft and an average bank height of 7.3 ft. The channel bed material ranges from sand to boulder with a median grain size (D50) of 46.6 mm (0.153 ft). The geomorphic assessment at the time of the Level I and Level II site visit on August 4, 1995, indicated that the reach was laterally unstable with the presence of point bars and side bars.The Town Highway 2 crossing of Hawkins Brook is a 49-ft-long, two-lane bridge consisting of a 46-foot steel-stringer span (Vermont Agency of Transportation, written communication, March 27, 1995). The opening length of the structure parallel to the bridge face is 43 ft. The bridge is supported by vertical, concrete abutments with wingwalls. The channel is skewed approximately 45 degrees to the opening while the computed opening-skew-to-roadway is zero

  11. As representações sociais dos professores e alunos da Escola Municipal Karla Patrícia, Recife, Pernambuco, sobre o manguezal Social representations about mangrove held by the teachers and students from the Karla Patrícia Municipal School, Recife, Pernambuco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Priscila Andrade de O. Barcellos

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available Localizada no entorno de um manguezal chamado de Parque dos Manguezais, em Recife, Pernambuco, a Escola Municipal Karla Patrícia possui, entre outras funções, a de contribuir para a conservação do mesmo, por meio da Educação Ambiental. Porém, antes de efetivar ações em Educação Ambiental, faz-se necessária uma diagnose que permita conhecer as percepções do corpo docente e discente. Assim sendo, fundamentado na Teoria das Representações Sociais de Serge Moscovici (1961 e utilizando o software Evoc, buscou-se identificar as representações sociais sobre o ecossistema manguezal dos alunos e professores do Ensino Fundamental da Escola, com a intenção de oferecer subsídios que auxiliem na Educação Ambiental voltada para a conservação do ecossistema local. Para identificar tais representações, utilizou-se uma pesquisa qualitativa com 92% dos professores e 25% dos alunos que compõem o Ensino Fundamental da Escola. Por meio das representações sociais dos professores, percebeu-se que, apesar de conhecerem o ecossistema manguezal, eles não conhecem o Parque dos Manguezais assim como os pressupostos da Educação Ambiental, necessitando assim de informações que os auxiliem nesse sentido pois suas representações estão voltadas para uma categoria naturalista, ou seja, a visão da natureza que se deve apreciar, cuidar e respeitar, mas que desconsidera o homem como parte do contexto. Quanto aos alunos, apesar de não terem conhecimentos sistêmicos a respeito do manguezal, eles conhecem bem o Parque dos Manguezais e suas representações estão voltadas para a preocupação com a poluição.The Municipal School Karla Patricia, located in a mangrove area called Park of the Manguezais, in Recife, Pernambuco, exists, among other functions, to contribute to the conservation of the park, through the Environmental Education. However, before accomplishing any action in the Environmental Education field, it is necessary to show what

  12. Ot Karla Poppera do Karla Rouva i obratno / George Soros ; tõlk. Nikolai Zhdanovitsh

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soros, George, 1930-

    2007-01-01

    USA on endiselt demokraatlik riik, kus juhindutakse põhiseadusest ja seaduse ülimuslikkuse printsiibist ning kus valitseb massiteabevahendite pluralism. Samas on ka ärevaid märke, mis viitavad totalitaalse režiimi propagandameetoditele

  13. Ot Karla Poppera do Karla Rouva i obratno / George Soros ; tõlk. Nikolai Zhdanovitsh

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soros, George, 1930-

    2007-01-01

    USA on endiselt demokraatlik riik, kus juhindutakse põhiseadusest ja seaduse ülimuslikkuse printsiibist ning kus valitseb massiteabevahendite pluralism. Samas on ka ärevaid märke, mis viitavad totalitaalse režiimi propagandameetoditele

  14. 基于霍金斯模型的消费者购买液态奶影响因素研究%Based on Hawkins Model of the Influence Factors of Consumers to Purchase Liquid Milk

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李珂; 马清学

    2014-01-01

    在乳制品市场中,液态奶是我国乳品产业中规模最大、增长最快的细分市场。通过运用霍金斯模型分析我国液态奶市场现状,从外部因素、内部因素、自我概念与生活方式四个方面分析消费者购买液态奶的影响因素,有助于乳品企业从理论层面更好地理解消费者在消费决策中的消费心理,从而制定出更有力的营销策略。%In the dairy products market,the scale of liquid milk dairy industry in our country is the biggest and the fastest growing segment of the market.Through the application of Hawkins model,this paper analyze the current sit-uation of China’ s liquid milk market which includes four factors:external factors and internal factors,self concept and life style.They help dairy enterprises from the theoretical level to better understand the consumer psychology of consumption in the consumer decision-making,so as to develop more effective marketing strategy.

  15. Plaza hotell Karla katedraali külge / Tiina Jõgeda

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jõgeda, Tiina, 1962-

    1997-01-01

    Tallinna Sakala keskuse külge on plaanis ehitada 50 miljonit dollarit maksev nelja-tärni konverentsihotell. Arhitekt Raine Karbi omaaegses projektis oli ette nähtud "Estonia" teatri poolse külje täisehitamine

  16. Ot Karla Fika do junogo tehnika / Lev Livshits

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Лившиц, Лев, 1924-2013

    2006-01-01

    Tallinna Kassisaba linnaosa ajaloost. Luise tänava nime-lugu ja hoonetest sellel tänaval: suvemõis Luisenthal, Ficki fajansimanufaktuur. Apteeker Carl Christian Fickist ja tema asutatud fajansitööstusest. Ficki fajansikollektsioone hoitakse Tallinna Linnamuuseumis, Ermitaazhis ja mujal

  17. Ot Karla Fika do junogo tehnika / Lev Livshits

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Лившиц, Лев, 1924-2013

    2006-01-01

    Tallinna Kassisaba linnaosa ajaloost. Luise tänava nime-lugu ja hoonetest sellel tänaval: suvemõis Luisenthal, Ficki fajansimanufaktuur. Apteeker Carl Christian Fickist ja tema asutatud fajansitööstusest. Ficki fajansikollektsioone hoitakse Tallinna Linnamuuseumis, Ermitaazhis ja mujal

  18. Mis loom on loomemajandus? / Karla Agan ; interv. Kadi Herkül

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Agan, Karla, 1981-

    2005-01-01

    Eesti loomemajanduse kaardistamise projektijuht käsilolevast uuringust. Eesti loomemajandus on jagatud sektoritesse: arhitektuur, disain, kujutav kunst, muuseumid, muusika, teater, film, kirjandus ja kirjastamine, audiovisuaalkunstid, reklaam ning meelelahutuslik tarkvara

  19. Strateegia elluviimise saladused / Gary L Neilson, Karla L Martin, Elizabeth Powers

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Neilson, Gary L

    2008-01-01

    Nõuandeid ettevõtetele strateegia elluviimiseks. Lisad: Mis on strateegia elluviimisel kõige olulisem?; 17 põhiomadust, mis mõjutavad töö tõhusust; Ümberkujundamise taktika kaardistamine tegevusalade kaupa; Proovisõit ümberkujundamise rajal

  20. Liberalizm a szanse pokoju na świecie. Refleksje Karla Jaspersa

    OpenAIRE

    Citkowska-Kimla, Anna

    2013-01-01

    The paper touches on the topic of optimism, allowing for a thesis of the peaceful coexistence of states to be proposed. This type of thinking was represented by the German philosopher and psychiatrist Karl Jaspers. Jaspers took the view that philosophy brings about political consequences that need to be observed and examined. He was influenced by Max Weber, from whom he adopted the idea of the salvation of Western heritage, embodied in the spirit of liberalism, freedom and diversity of privat...

  1. Strateegia elluviimise saladused / Gary L Neilson, Karla L Martin, Elizabeth Powers

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Neilson, Gary L

    2008-01-01

    Nõuandeid ettevõtetele strateegia elluviimiseks. Lisad: Mis on strateegia elluviimisel kõige olulisem?; 17 põhiomadust, mis mõjutavad töö tõhusust; Ümberkujundamise taktika kaardistamine tegevusalade kaupa; Proovisõit ümberkujundamise rajal

  2. H09563: NOS Hydrographic Survey , Hawkins Point to Sparrows Point, Maryland, 1976-11-10

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has the statutory mandate to collect hydrographic data in support of nautical chart compilation for safe...

  3. H09581: NOS Hydrographic Survey , Hawkins Point to Sparrows Point, Maryland, 1976-09-22

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has the statutory mandate to collect hydrographic data in support of nautical chart compilation for safe...

  4. Women, Sexuality and the Political Power of Pleasure (Susie Jolly, Andrea Cornwall y Kate Hawkins, Eds.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Muelas de Ayala

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Como su propio título indica, Women, Sexuality and the Political Power of Pleasure es una obra en la que encontramos dinámicas, experiencias y prácticas para la movilización política y el empoderamiento de las mujeres a través del placer. Como apunta la antropóloga Andrea Cornwall, una de las editoras, el libro refleja la necesidad de traer al debate social y académico las iniciativas que se están llevando a cabo desde muy diversas latitudes, en las que el placer se convierte en el punto de partida desde el que explorar no solo las relaciones de las mujeres con su sexualidad, sino con el sistema normativo de género, la estructura social o las imposiciones familiares en cada contexto cultural. Es también una suerte de contestación hacia los programas de cooperación internacional que, al trabajar las distintas desigualdades de género, pasan por alto o invisibilizan la potencialidad que el placer puede imbuir en la construcción de nuevos escenarios sociales más igualitarios para las mujeres.

  5. Women, Sexuality and the Political Power of Pleasure (Susie Jolly, Andrea Cornwall y Kate Hawkins, Eds.)

    OpenAIRE

    Laura Muelas de Ayala

    2014-01-01

    Como su propio título indica, Women, Sexuality and the Political Power of Pleasure es una obra en la que encontramos dinámicas, experiencias y prácticas para la movilización política y el empoderamiento de las mujeres a través del placer. Como apunta la antropóloga Andrea Cornwall, una de las editoras, el libro refleja la necesidad de traer al debate social y académico las iniciativas que se están llevando a cabo desde muy diversas latitudes, en las que el placer se convierte en el punto de p...

  6. Cinderella, the Horse God and the Wizard of Oz: Mozert v. Hawkins County Public Schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Breyer, Hugh J.

    1991-01-01

    In "Mozert," fundamentalist parents claim that the reading curriculum interfered with their right to transmit religious values to their children. The district court fashioned an excusal scheme; however, the Sixth Circuit reversed this decision. Reviews the facts, analyzes points of law left unresolved, and discusses the broader…

  7. H09564: NOS Hydrographic Survey , Hawkins Point to Sparrows Point, Maryland, 1976-01-26

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has the statutory mandate to collect hydrographic data in support of nautical chart compilation for safe...

  8. Związek filozofii Karla Jaspersa z klasyczną antropologią filozoficzną XX wieku

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maciej Urbanek

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The main objective of this paper is to reconstruct Jaspers’ views on philosophical anthropology of the early twentieth century. The text can be divided into three parts. First part tries to reconstruct direct and indirect references which Jaspers makes toward: a term “anthropology”, b the representatives of philosophical anthropology. Second part shows Jaspers’ attitude toward Scheler’s anthropology. Third and final part raises a question: Why do we often regard Jaspers’ philosophy as anthropology, can he be considered as philosophical anthropologist? We will show that the main point of his critic is that anthropology sets biological point of view as a starting point for its inquiry on human being. Therefore, human being can not be seen adequately from anthropological perspective. Its specificity is reduced by anthropologists to the specific characteristics of species, a collection of biological, psychological and social conditions that describe the phenomenon of man but do not reach the depths of the human being.

  9. Karla Jaspersa koncepcja śmierci jako sytuacji granicznej (KARL JASPERS' NOTION OF DEATH AS 'ULTIMATE' SITUATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Piotr K. Szałek

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available The paper seeks to reconstruct the notion of the death in Karl Jaspers' philosophy. It analyses and places the notion in the whole body of the theory of the 'ultimate' situations such as it is presented in Jaspers' youth 'Psychologie der Weltanschauungen' (1919 and the mature 'Philosophie' (1932 as well. The results could be pointed as follows: (i it characterises the intrinsic features of the metaphysical thought of Jaspers as the basis for the theory of 'ultimate' situations; (ii it shows how the theory determined his existential anthropology; and, finally, (iii it explains how the theory culminates in the notion of the death as the most specific formulation. In that respect, the paper determines how the notion of the death expresses the intrinsic features of the Jaspers' existential kind of philosophizing by reflecting its spirit in the most profound manner. In Jaspers' philosophy the death stands as the key exemplification of 'ultimate' situations (in terms of philosophical reflection and as the point of the reference in order to obtain the meaning of concrete life (in terms of significance for the individual existence.

  10. An Archeological Overview and Management Plan for the Holston Army Ammunition Plant, Hawkins and Sullivan Counties, Tennessee

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-06-25

    forest understory and floor include paw-paw, persiumon, black cherry, huckleberry, service-berry, wild plum, mayapple, blackberry, raspberry and...than today during the Mid-Holocene (8000-4000 years ago), followed by increased precipitation and cooling weather to present conditions. Thus, climatic...construction of an industrial wastewater treatment lift station and a large underground forced-main pipeline. The excavations were supervised by Jim

  11. Komparace volební kampaně Miloše Zemana a Karla Schwarzenberga v prezidentských volbách 2013

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    The thesis "Comparison of the election campaigns of Miloš Zeman and Karel Schwarzenberg in the 2013 presidential elections" focuses on the introduction of the direct electoral system in the presidential elections in the Czech Republic and the topic of the first presidential elections under the new electoral system. Importance is put on the election campaigns of the two candidates passing to the second round.

  12. Porsche sotsialistist tegevjuht : neetult kaua sama koha peal / Richard Milne

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Milne, Richard

    2007-01-01

    Saksa sportautotootja Porsche tegevjuht Wendelin Wiedeking on tuntud ka kartulikasvatajana ja eritellimusel kingi valmistava firma Heinrich Dinkelacker osanikuna ning kontrollib autofirmat Volkswagen. Vt. samas: Porsche AG ja Volkswagen AG majandusnäitajad; piisavalt kütust paagis

  13. 76 FR 66323 - National Register of Historic Places; Notification of Pending Nominations and Related Actions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-26

    ...., Fagatogo, 11000789 GEORGIA Crawford County Hawkins, Col. Benjamin, Gravesite, Benjamin Hawkins Rd., Roberta... WALTER B. ALLEN (canaller) Shipwreck, (Great Lakes Shipwreck Sites of Wisconsin MPS) 7 mi. NE....

  14. Anorexia nervosa in light of Karl Jaspers and Erich Fromm’s ideas and social constructivism – hypotheses and thoughts [Anoreksja psychiczna z perspektywy koncepcji Karla Jaspersa, Ericha Fromma oraz nurtu konstrukcjonizmu społecznego – hipotezy i refleksje

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Talarczyk, Małgorzata

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available e point of the article is to analyse and reflect on certain symptoms of anorexia nervosa in light of Karl Jaspers and Erich Fromm’s ideas and social constructivism. Contemplating the disorder in view of the philosophical ideas mentioned earlier, the author analyses such aspects of patients as: functioning on the verge of life and death, the paradoxical struggle to escape from freedom in search of independence, as well as various understandings and descriptions of anorexia in consideration of social constructivism. The author shares thoughts and poses hypotheses, trying to view anorexia in light of selected philosophical and psychological ideas, which in their general assumptions were not concerned with defining nor analysing anorexia nervosa. In view of Karl Jaspers’ ideas, the author focuses on the so called ‘limit-situations’, in the ideas of Erich Fromm she takes notice in „Escape from Freedom” to new relations. Finally in the light of social constructivism the author focuses on the cultural context.

  15. 77 FR 56271 - Additional Designations, Foreign Narcotics Kingpin Designation Act

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-12

    ... PEREZ, Gricelda; a.k.a. PEREZ ROJO, Karla), Cerro de las Siete Gotas 642, Fraccionamiento Colinas de San Miguel, Culiacan, Sinaloa, Mexico; DOB 19 Aug 1959; alt. DOB 30 Dec 1966; POB Sinaloa, Mexico...

  16. Hawkins' Minimize Domain Theory Applied to Chinese Relative Clause Processing: Its Significance and Potential Problems%试论Hawkins的领域最小化理论于汉语关系从句加工之意义及潜在问题

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴芙芸

    2011-01-01

    本文旨在探讨Hawkins的领域最小化理论[10]对有效加工汉语关系从句的指导意义及潜在问题.通过具体分析Hawkins针对关系从句而提出的填充词—空位域,本文肯定了其对诠释类型学普遍规律的强大解释力,以及在汉语主语和宾语关系从句的难易对比实证研究中获得的支持.同时,本文也讨论了两种情况,即(i)汉语主语关系从句中是否蕴含前置限定词的难易对比;(ii)汉语宾语关系从句中是否蕴含“被”字的难易对比,揭示Hawkins理论的预测和实证结果的不一致,并指出该理论需要改进的可能方向.

  17. IMPACT OF PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL MUD CONTAMINATION ON WELLBORE CEMENT- FORMATION SHEAR BOND STRENGTH Authors: Arome Oyibo1 and Mileva Radonjic1 * 1. Craft and Hawkins Department of Petroleum Engineering, 2131 Patrick F. Taylor Hall, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA 70803, aoyibo1@tigers.lsu.edu, mileva@lsu.edu

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oyibo, A. E.

    2013-12-01

    Wellbore cement has been used to provide well integrity through zonal isolation in oil & gas wells and geothermal wells. Cementing is also used to provide mechanical support for the casing and protect the casing from corrosive fluids. Failure of cement could be caused by several factors ranging from poor cementing, failure to completely displace the drilling fluids to failure on the path of the casing. A failed cement job could result in creation of cracks and micro annulus through which produced fluids could migrate to the surface which could lead to sustained casing pressure, contamination of fresh water aquifer and blow out in some cases. In addition, cement failures could risk the release of chemicals substances from hydraulic fracturing into fresh water aquifer during the injection process. To achieve proper cementing, the drilling fluid should be completely displaced by the cement slurry. However, this is hard to achieve in practice, some mud is usually left on the wellbore which ends up contaminating the cement afterwards. The purpose of this experimental study is to investigate the impact of both physical and chemical mud contaminations on cement-formation bond strength for different types of formations. Physical contamination occurs when drilling fluids (mud) dries on the surface of the formation forming a mud cake. Chemical contamination on the other hand occurs when the drilling fluids which is still in the liquid form interacts chemically with the cement during a cementing job. We investigated the impact of the contamination on the shear bond strength and the changes in the mineralogy of the cement at the cement-formation interface to ascertain the impact of the contamination on the cement-formation bond strength. Berea sandstone and clay rich shale cores were bonded with cement cores with the cement-formation contaminated either physically or chemically. For the physically contaminated composite cores, we have 3 different sample designs: clean/not contaminated, scrapped and washed composite cores. Similarly, for the chemically contaminated samples we had 3 different sample designs: 0%, 5% and 10% mud contaminated composite cores. Shear test were performed on the composite cores to determine the shear bond strength and the results suggested that the detrimental impact of the contamination is higher when the cores are physically contaminated i.e. when we have mud cake present at the surface of the wellbore before a cement job is performed. Also, the results showed that shear bond strength is higher for sandstone formations as compared to shale formations. Material characterization analysis was carried out to determine the micro structural changes at the cement-formation interface. The results obtained from the SEM and micro CT images taken at the bond interface confirmed that chemical contamination caused substantial changes in the spatial distribution of minerals that impacted bond strength. Keywords: Cement-Formation bond strength, mud contamination, shale, sandstone and material characterization *Corresponding author

  18. Application of Cement Science to Improved Wellbore Infrastructures Mileva Radonjic and Darko Kupresan Craft & Hawkins Department of Petroleum Engineering, Louisiana State University, USA Corresponding author: mileva@lsu.edu Key words: micro-annular gas flow, nano-properties of wellbore cements, micro-porosity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Radonjic, M.

    2015-12-01

    Recent focus on carbon emission from cement industry inspired researchers to improve CSH properties by reducing Ca/Si ratio at the nanoscale, and lower porosity (permeability) of hydrated cement at micro scale. If implemented in wellbore cement technology, both of these efforts could provide advanced properties for wellbore infrastructure. These advancements would further reduce the issue of leaky wellbores in fluid injections, hydraulic fracturing and subsurface storage for existing operating wells. Numerous inadequately abandoned wells, however, pose more complex engineering problems, primarily due to the difficulty in locating fluid flow pathways along the wellbore structure. In order to appreciate the difficulty of this problem, we need to remind ourselves that: a typical 30,000-ft. wellbore with an average production casing of 8 inches in diameter can be presented in scale by a 6-m long human hair of 150 μm these structures are placed in the subsurface, often not just vertical in geometry but deviated close to 90° tangent where monitoring and remediation becomes demanding and if we consider that wellbore cement is not continuously placed along the wellbore and it is approximately 1/10 of a wellbore diameter, we can see that the properties of these materials demand application of nano-science and a different scale phenomena than perhaps previously acknowledged. The key concept behind Ca/Si reduction associated with improved mechanical properties is traditionally achieved chemically, by addition of supplemental cementitious materials. In our study we have tried to evaluate CSH alterations due to mechanically induced phase transformation. The data suggest that confined compression-extrusion of hydrated wellbore cement and the consequent propagation of pore water can change cement composition by dissolving and removing Ca, therefore reducing Ca/Si of cement phases. The advantage of this approach is that the process is less impacted by pressure/temperature oscillations found in subsurface conditions. In addition, we have proved experimentally, that even cement samples stored in corrosive environment for two years can successfully be treated and healed by confined compression of tubular expansion for purpose of microannular gas flow remediation.

  19. 4 talu lilleralli / Tiina Kolk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kolk, Tiina, 1956-

    2015-01-01

    Karla külas Harjumaal Kose vallas tegid neli aiandustalu (Roosoja, Roogoja, Pearnahansu ja Sadevälja) 1. aug. väravad valla ja tutvustasid ringkäikudel huvitavaid taimi. Võõrustajad jagasid näpunäiteid roosi, elulõnga, kukerpuu ja aedhortensia kasvatamiseks

  20. Efecto de la suplementación alimentaria con una fórmula con EPA y DHA sobre los parámetros nuitricionales, calidad de vida y toxicida en pacientes con cáncer de pulmón de células no pequeñas en quimioterápia Efecto de la suplementación con epa en pacientes con cáncer de pulmón en quimioterapia /

    OpenAIRE

    Sanchez Lara, Karla Paola

    2012-01-01

     tesis que para obtener el grado de Doctorado en Ciencias de la Salud, presenta Karla Paola Sánchez Lara ; asesor Oscar Arrieta Rodríguez, Alejandro Mohar Betancourt179 páginas : ilustracionesDoctorado en Ciencias de la Salud UNAM, Facultad de Medicina, 2012

  1. Synthesis of Nanostructured LaB6 Powders

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-10-25

    1.00 No 1.00FTE Equivalent: 1Total Number: Names of Under Graduate students supported PERCENT_SUPPORTEDNAME Karla Hernandez 0.64 Brandon Williams...phosphors,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp., 5 [2] 117- 125 (1997). [7]. O.A. Graeve, S. Varma, G. Rojas -George, D. Brown, and E.A. Lopez, “Synthesis and

  2. Kalendar nedeli / Leta Gureli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Gureli, Leta

    1996-01-01

    Iz soderzh.: 26 ijulja 155 let so dnja rozhdenija Karla Roberta Jakobsona; 27 ijulja 1856 rodilsja Dzhordzh Bernard Shou; 27 ijulja 135 let nazad rodilsja Vazha Pshavela; 27 ijulja 155 let nazad pogib Mihail Lermontov; 27 ijulja 100 let so dnja rozhdenija Borisa Shergina

  3. 76 FR 63620 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-13

    ..., Karla J. Spurgeon Trust II; Calvin J. Berkley Trust II; Marika Spurgeon GP Trust; Brenna Spurgeon GP... Topeka, Kansas. In connection with this application, Calvin Berkley and Karen Deckert, both of Tescott... applied to become members of the Berkley Family Group. In addition, Calvin Berkley, Karen Deckert,...

  4. How to Safely Give Ibuprofen

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... for the correct dosage. To give: Check the expiration date to make sure it's not expired. If it ... 3 tablets Reviewed by: Karla R. Hughes, RPh Date reviewed: March 2015 previous 1 • 2 • 3 For Teens For Kids For Parents MORE ON THIS TOPIC Medications: Using Them Safely Talking to the Pharmacist Headaches ...

  5. Kalendar nedeli / Leta Gureli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Gureli, Leta

    1996-01-01

    Iz soderzh.: 26 ijulja 155 let so dnja rozhdenija Karla Roberta Jakobsona; 27 ijulja 1856 rodilsja Dzhordzh Bernard Shou; 27 ijulja 135 let nazad rodilsja Vazha Pshavela; 27 ijulja 155 let nazad pogib Mihail Lermontov; 27 ijulja 100 let so dnja rozhdenija Borisa Shergina

  6. 75 FR 35330 - Fisheries of the Caribbean, Gulf of Mexico, and South Atlantic; Comprehensive Ecosystem-Based...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-22

    ... while minimizing the effects on traditional fishing in the Deepwater Coral HAPCs. Additionally, the... Assessment/Fishery Impact Statement may be obtained from Karla Gore, Southeast Regional Office, NMFS, 263... 1: The Deepwater Shrimp Advisory Panel (AP) unanimously agreed on the alternative (Alternative...

  7. American Heart Association

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... can teach us about disrupted cardiac care after Hurricane Harvey. Hearty Humor by Jonny Hawkins After decades on ... 1 right away. Resources for those affected by Hurricane Harvey News View All Oklahoma smoking rate at all- ...

  8. Séminaire de probabilités XLVIII

    CERN Document Server

    Lejay, Antoine; Rouault, Alain

    2016-01-01

    In addition to its further exploration of the subject of peacocks, introduced in recent Séminaires de Probabilités, this volume continues the series’ focus on current research themes in traditional topics such as stochastic calculus, filtrations and random matrices. Also included are some particularly interesting articles involving harmonic measures, random fields and loop soups. The featured contributors are Mathias Beiglböck, Martin Huesmann and Florian Stebegg, Nicolas Juillet, Gilles Pags, Dai Taguchi, Alexis Devulder, Mátyás Barczy and Peter Kern, I. Bailleul, Jürgen Angst and Camille Tardif, Nicolas Privault, Anita Behme, Alexander Lindner and Makoto Maejima, Cédric Lecouvey and Kilian Raschel, Christophe Profeta and Thomas Simon, O. Khorunzhiy and Songzi Li, Franck Maunoury, Stéphane Laurent, Anna Aksamit and Libo Li, David Applebaum, and Wendelin Werner. .

  9. Ecole d’été de probabilités de Saint-Flour XXXII

    CERN Document Server

    2004-01-01

    This is yet another indispensable volume for all probabilists and collectors of the Saint-Flour series, and is also of great interest for mathematical physicists. It contains two of the three lecture courses given at the 32nd Probability Summer School in Saint-Flour (July 7-24, 2002). Boris Tsirelson's lectures introduce the notion of nonclassical noise produced by very nonlinear functions of many independent random variables, for instance singular stochastic flows or oriented percolation. Two examples are examined (noise made by a Poisson snake, the Brownian web). A new framework for the scaling limit is proposed, as well as old and new results about noises, stability, and spectral measures. Wendelin Werner's contribution gives a survey of results on conformal invariance, scaling limits and properties of some two-dimensional random curves. It provides a definition and properties of the Schramm-Loewner evolutions, computations (probabilities, critical exponents), the relation with critical exponents of planar...

  10. Penokohan dan Konflik Batin Tokoh Utama Novel Forgiven Karya Morra Quatro : Analisis Psikologi Sastra

    OpenAIRE

    Aryanti, Desy

    2014-01-01

    Penelitian ini mendeskripsikan tentang bagaimana penokohan dan konflik batin tokoh utama yang bernama Karla dalam novel Forgiven dengan mempergunakan teori psikologi sastra melalui pendekatan psikoanalisis Sigmund Freud. Pendekatan psikoanalisis meliputi tiga unsur kejiwaan, yaitu : id, ego, dan superego. Id adalah aspek kepribadian dalam bawah sadar manusia yang berisi insting dan nafsu – nafsu yang sering disebut “energi buta”, sedangkan ego berkembang atas prinsip kenyataan, selanjutnya...

  11. Why governance? A challenge to good governance of biobanks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Browne, Katharine

    2015-12-01

    In this commentary on Karla Stroud and Kieran O'Doherty's 'Ethically Sustainable Governance in the Biobanking of Eggs and Embryos for Research' (2015) I call into question the need for good governance to overcome the challenges facing biobanking of eggs and embryos. I argue that the principles of good governance for biobanking that Stroud and O'Doherty outline come up short in providing concrete normative guidance to resolve the challenges associated with a biobank for eggs and embryos.

  12. Head size and growth in the very preterm infant: a literature review

    OpenAIRE

    Lee KA; Hayes BC

    2015-01-01

    Karla A Lee, Breda C Hayes Rotunda Hospital, Dublin 1, Leinster, Ireland Objective: To review the literature investigating head size and examine head growth in relation to neurodevelopmental outcomes and neuroimaging data in the very preterm infant.Methods: Systematic literature review of studies published in the following databases: PubMed/Medline, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health (CINAHL), and Excerpta Medica dataBASE (E...

  13. Kalendar nedeli : 12. - 18.avgusta / Natalja Lesnaja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lesnaja, Natalja

    1995-01-01

    Iz soderzh: 14 avgusta 135 let so dnja rozhdenia Ernesta Tompsona-Setona (1860-1946); 14 avgusta 110 let so dnja rozhdenia Vladimira Matvejevitsha Bahmetjeva (1885-1963); 14 avgusta 75 let so dnja rozhdenia Holgera Pukka (1920); 15 avgusta 120 let so dnja rozhdenia Karla Avgusta Hindreja (1875-1947); 16 avgusta 350 let so dnja rozhdenia Zhana de Labrjuiera (1645-1696)

  14. Kalendar nedeli : 12. - 18.avgusta / Natalja Lesnaja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lesnaja, Natalja

    1995-01-01

    Iz soderzh: 14 avgusta 135 let so dnja rozhdenia Ernesta Tompsona-Setona (1860-1946); 14 avgusta 110 let so dnja rozhdenia Vladimira Matvejevitsha Bahmetjeva (1885-1963); 14 avgusta 75 let so dnja rozhdenia Holgera Pukka (1920); 15 avgusta 120 let so dnja rozhdenia Karla Avgusta Hindreja (1875-1947); 16 avgusta 350 let so dnja rozhdenia Zhana de Labrjuiera (1645-1696)

  15. Multiplicative deformations of spectrale triples associated to left invariant metrics on Lie groups

    CERN Document Server

    Bahayou, Amine

    2009-01-01

    We study the triple $(G,\\pi,\\prs)$ where $G$ is a connected and simply connected Lie group, $\\pi$ and $\\prs$ are, respectively, a multiplicative Poisson tensor and a left invariant Riemannian metric on $G$ such that the necessary conditions, introduced by Hawkins, to the existence of a non commutative deformation (in the direction of $\\pi$) of the spectrale triple associated to $\\prs$ are satisfied. We show that the geometric problem of the classification of such triple $(G,\\pi,\\prs)$ is equivalent to an algebraic one. We solve this algebraic problem in low dimensions and we give the list of all $(G,\\pi,\\prs)$ satisfying Hawkins's conditions, up to dimension four.

  16. Commentary on: "Randomized, controlled, double-blind, cross-over trial assessing treatment preference for pazopanib versus sunitinib in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma: PISCES study." Escudier B, Porta C, Bono P, Powles T, Eisen T, Sternberg CN, Gschwend JE, De Giorgi U, Parikh O, Hawkins R, Sevin E, Négrier S, Khan S, Diaz J, Redhu S, Mehmud F, Cella D. Bernard Escudier, Institut Gustave Roussy, Villejuif; Emmanuel Sevin, Centre François Baclesse, Caen; Sylvie Négrier, Leon Berard Cancer Center, Lyon, France; Camillo Porta, Fondazione Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico (IRCCS) Policlinico S. Matteo, Pavia; Cora N Sternberg, San Camillo Forlanini Hospital, Rome; Ugo De Giorgi, IRCCS Istituto Scientifico Romagnolo per lo Studio e la Cura dei Tumori, Meldola, Italy; Petri Bono, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland; Thomas Powles, Barts Experimental Cancer Medicine Centre, Barts Cancer Institute, Queen Mary University of London, London; Tim Eisen, Cambridge University Health Partners, Cambridge; Omi Parikh, Royal Preston Hospital, Lancashire; Robert Hawkins, Christie Cancer Research UK, Manchester; Sadya Khan, Jose Diaz, and Faisal Mehmud, GlaxoSmithKline, Uxbridge, United Kingdom; Jürgen E Gschwend, Klinikum Rechts der Isar der Technischen Universität München, Munich, Germany; Suman Redhu, GlaxoSmithKline, Collegeville, PA; David Cella, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL.: J Clin Oncol. 2014 May 10;32(14):1412-1418; doi: 10.1200/JCO.2013.50.8267. [Epub 2014 Mar 31].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trump, Donald

    2016-05-01

    Patient-reported outcomes may help inform treatment choice in advanced/metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC), particularly between approved targeted therapies with similar efficacy. This double-blind crossover study evaluated patient preference for pazopanib or sunitinib and the influence of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and safety factors on their stated preference. Patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma were randomly assigned to pazopanib 800mg per day for 10 weeks, a 2-week washout, and then sunitinib 50mg per day (4 weeks on, 2 weeks off, 4weeks on) for 10 weeks, or the reverse sequence. The primary end point, patient preference for a specific treatment, was assessed by questionnaire at the end of the two treatment periods. Other end points and analyses included reasons for preference, physician preference, safety, and HRQoL. Of 169 randomly assigned patients, 114 met the following prespecified modified intent-to-treat criteria for the primary analysis: exposure to both treatments, no disease progression before cross over, and completion of the preference questionnaire. Significantly more patients preferred pazopanib (70%) over sunitinib (22%); 8% expressed no preference (P<.001). All preplanned sensitivity analyses, including the intent-to-treat population, statistically favored pazopanib. Less fatigue and better overall quality of life were the main reasons for preferring pazopanib, with less diarrhea being the most cited reason for preferring sunitinib. Physicians also preferred pazopanib (61%) over sunitinib (22%); 17% expressed no preference. Adverse events were consistent with each drug׳s known profile. Pazopanib was superior to sunitinib in HRQoL measures evaluating fatigue, hand/foot soreness, and mouth/throat soreness. This innovative crossover trial demonstrated a significant patient preference for pazopanib over sunitinib, with HRQoL and safety as key influencing factors. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. "Can You Tweet That?": Twitter in the Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hawkins, Tracy L.

    2015-01-01

    In this article, Tracy L. Hawkins observes it is clear that educational technology use has moved beyond Blackboard and Desire-2Learn (D2L) to include the use of public sites and social media tools. This move toward inclusion of social media and other Web 2.0 technologies in education is important because it means that tools/products not created…

  18. Motivation and Commitment: Pre-Service Teachers from Hong Kong and Mainland China at a Training Institute in Hong Kong

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gu, Mingyue; Lai, Chun

    2012-01-01

    Research indicates that historical and social backgrounds influence individuals' motivation to teach and their commitment to teaching (Gordon, 2000; Su, Hawkins, Huang & Zhao, 2001). This article reports on a comparative study exploring the motivation to teach and the commitment to teaching among non-local prospective student teachers from…

  19. They Got Our Attention, Didn't They?: The Tennessee and Alabama Schoolbook Cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flowers, Ronald B.

    1988-01-01

    Describes two federal court cases concerning objections to public school textbooks. In "Smith v. Board of School Commissioners of Mobile County," parents attempted to eliminate objectionable content from textbooks through the Establishment Clause. In "Mozert v. Hawkins County Public Schools," parents wanted to remove children…

  20. School Law.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Splitt, David A.

    1987-01-01

    Discusses "Mozert v. Hawkins County Public Schools" (Tennessee), a case involving a controversial reading textbook offending fundamentalist parents of six middle school children. The Court of Appeals reversed a district court ruling, holding that uniform use of the Holt textbook was not essential to the state's goals to teach reading.…

  1. Definite Article Usage across Varieties of English

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wahid, Ridwan

    2013-01-01

    This paper seeks to explore the extent of definite article usage variation in several varieties of English based on a classification of its usage types. An annotation scheme based on Hawkins and Prince was developed for this purpose. Using matching corpus data representing Inner Circle varieties and Outer Circle varieties, analysis was made on…

  2. Losing Sleep to Watch the Night-Sky: The Relationship between Sleep-Length and Noctcaelador

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelly, William E.; Rose, Callie

    2005-01-01

    For most of history, humans have been watching the night-sky (Hawkins, 1983). Historically, individuals have watched the night-sky for aesthetic appreciation and to gain insights and knowledge (Brecher & Feirtag, 1979). Despite the long history of night-sky watching among humans and the apparent importance of the behavior to large groups of…

  3. Domain minimization and beyond: Modeling prepositional phrase ordering

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wiechmann, D.; Lohmann, A.

    2013-01-01

    An important account of linear ordering in syntax is John A. Hawkins' (2004) theory of cognitive efficiency and the principles of domain minimization formulated therein. In its latest formulation, the theory postulates syntactic and semantic minimization principles. With regard to the relative stren

  4. Heterocyclic Salt Synthesis and Rational Properties Tailoring (PREPRINT)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-06-23

    each a significantly different type of performance behavior. Compound (9) is a food flavoring, compound (10) a drug for asthma, and compound (11) is... Electrochemistry , Spectroscopy, and Synthesis, Inorg. Chem., 1982, 21, 1263-1264. [2] Drake G, Hawkins T., Brand A., Hall L., Mckay, M., Vij A

  5. Antecedents and Consequences of Federal Bid Protests

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-04-30

    ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) Western Kentucky University,Department of Marketing ,Bowling Green ,KY,42101 8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION REPORT NUMBER...the Department of Marketing at Western Kentucky University. Dr. Hawkins has published articles on procurement and logistics topics in scholarly...Journal of Purchasing and Supply Management, International Journal of Logistics Management, Industrial Marketing Management, Journal of Business

  6. Pirate Image:A Boy in the Novel Treasure Island

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李美冬

    2014-01-01

    Literature related to the pirate theme had a strong foundation in British Empire.This study is to analyze a boy pirate image in the adventure novel Treasure Island written by Robert Stevenson,who created Jim Hawkins as a vivid pirate,combining both romanticism and realism.

  7. Pirate Image: A Boy in the Novel Treasure Island

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李美冬

    2014-01-01

    Literature related to the pirate theme had a strong foundation in British Empire.This study is to analyze a boy pirate image in the adventure novel Treasure Island written by Robert Stevenson,who created Jim Hawkins as a vivid pirate,combining both romanticism and realism.

  8. Pediatric HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa: emerging issues and way ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Administrator

    drug related, psycho-social, reproductive health concerns, infant .... sensitivity of 99% and specificity of 98%24,35 although ..... and class. Reprod Health Matters. 2001 May;9. (17):82-90 . 51. Hawkins K, Price N, Mussa F. Milking the cow:.

  9. Functionalization and Passivation of Boron Nanoparticles with a Hypergolic Ionic Liquid (Pre-Print)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-01

    R. Rogers,P. McCrary,P. Beasley, 5d. PROJECT NUMBER S. Kelley,T. Hawkins,S. Schneider,J. Boatz 5e. TASK NUMBER 5f. WORK UNIT NUMBER...B. S., Pantoya, M. L., Son, S. F., Asay, B. W., and Mang , J. T., "Combustion velocities and propagation mechanisms of metastable interstitial

  10. Adventure Therapy with American Indian Youth. AEE White Papers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Association for Experiential Education (NJ1), 2011

    2011-01-01

    The American Indian population is a young one; the median age is 28.0, with 34% under 18 years old. In contrast, the median age for the overall U.S. population is 35.3, with 26% younger than 18 (Hawkins, Cummins, & Marlatt, 2004). It is difficult to avoid resorting to statistical hyperbole when describing the problems facing American Indian and…

  11. 77 FR 12622 - Records Schedules; Availability and Request for Comments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-01

    .... 8. Department of Justice, Office of Records Management Policy (N1- 60-10-35, 1 item, 1 temporary... request. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Margaret Hawkins, Director, National Records Management Program... Management Agency (N1- 558-10-2, 7 items, 7 temporary items). Records relating to security, law...

  12. Instructions and Manuals

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2008-01-01

    -A journey with Enzo Mari -Single portaledge (Billy Westbay and Billy Hawkins) -La Lampe dans l'Horloge + La colonne cassée (Nairy Baghramian) -"The way things go" (Peter Fischli & David Weiss) -Gymnasium 46° 09' N / 16° 50' E (Studio UP) -New Museum (SANAA)...

  13. Pilot-Scale Electrochemical Synthesis of Potassium 2,2-Dinitroethanate

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    Paraskos Marvin Hawkins ATK Launch Systems Tedd Lister Robert Fox Idaho National Labs Peter Symons Electrosynthesis Inc. REPORT...production‐scale  EC  cells  and  operation.  Peter  Symons : info@electrosynthesis.com           

  14. Swallowing Problems

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... AS, Braunwald E, Kasper DL, et al (Eds). Harrison’s Principles of Internal Medicine , 17th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill Medical, 2008. Camp-Sorrell D, Hawkins RA. Clinical Manual for the Oncology Advanced Practice Nurse , Second Ed. ...

  15. Skin (Pressure) Sores

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... AS, Braunwald E, Kasper DL, et al (Eds). Harrison’s Principles of Internal Medicine , 17th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill Medical, 2008. Camp-Sorrell D, Hawkins RA. Clinical Manual for the Oncology Advanced Practice Nurse , Second Ed. ...

  16. Stomas (or Ostomies)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... AS, Braunwald E, Kasper DL, et al (Eds). Harrison’s Principles of Internal Medicine , 17th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill Medical, 2008. Camp-Sorrell D, Hawkins RA. Clinical Manual for the Oncology Advanced Practice Nurse , Second Ed. ...

  17. Sweating

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... AS, Braunwald E, Kasper DL, et al (Eds). Harrison’s Principles of Internal Medicine , 17th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill Medical, 2008. Camp-Sorrell D, Hawkins RA. Clinical Manual for the Oncology Advanced Practice Nurse , Second Ed. ...

  18. Prostheses

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... AS, Braunwald E, Kasper DL, et al (Eds). Harrison’s Principles of Internal Medicine , 17th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill Medical, 2008. Camp-Sorrell D, Hawkins RA. Clinical Manual for the Oncology Advanced Practice Nurse , Second Ed. ...

  19. Scars and Wounds

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... AS, Braunwald E, Kasper DL, et al (Eds). Harrison’s Principles of Internal Medicine , 17th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill Medical, 2008. Camp-Sorrell D, Hawkins RA. Clinical Manual for the Oncology Advanced Practice Nurse , Second Ed. ...

  20. The Acquisition of Four Nongeneric Uses of the Article "the" by Spanish EFL Learners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia Mayo, Maria del Pilar

    2008-01-01

    This paper examines one aspect of article acquisition: the various nongeneric uses of the definite article in English. Previous research (Hawkins, J., 1978. "Definiteness and Indefiniteness." Academic Press, San Diego, CA.) identified eight major categories of nongeneric use. More recent work by (Liu, D., Gleason, J.L., 2002.…

  1. 77 FR 40007 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-06

    ... Dill 2002). Experiments have shown that fish can sense both the strength and direction of sound (Hawkins 1981). Primary factors determining whether a fish can sense a sound signal, and potentially react... August), the full 180 dB exclusion zone is not visible without using vessel lights, night vision...

  2. A Compartmental Model for Computing Cell Numbers in CFSE-based Lymphocyte Proliferation Assays

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-31

    proliferation, survival and differentiation using CFSE time-series data, Nature Protocols , 2 (2007), 2057–2067. [41] E.D. Hawkins, J.F. Markham, L.P...the intracellular fluorescent dye carboxyfluorescein diacetate succinimidyl ester, Nature Protocols , 2 (2007), 2049– 2056. [61] P. Revy, M. Sospedra

  3. Critical Language Awareness Part I: A Critical Review of Three Current Approaches to Language Awareness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clark, Romy; And Others

    1990-01-01

    Argues for a critical language awareness (LA) and for LA to be closely linked to the development of learners' practical language capabilities. The paper offers a critical evaluation of three major programmatic statements about LA: Committee for Linguistics in Education (1985); National Congress on Languages in Education (1985); and Hawkins (1984).…

  4. Evaluating the Effects of Clothing and Individual Equipment on Marksmanship Performance Using a Novel Five Target Methodology

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-11-01

    W.J., Shukitt-Hale, B., & Lieberman, H. R. (2003). Caffeine effects on marksmanship during high-stress military training with 72 hours sleep ...Kornfeind, 2012; Hawkins & Sefton, 2011), as well as the effects of creatine and caffeine supplementation on marksmanship during stress induced

  5. ASSESSMENT OF UN-AFRICAN IDEALS IN CALABAR CARNIVAL ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Dean SPGS NAU

    a public expression - through cultural and artistic forms - of political opposition against ... Calabar, dubbed 'Africa's Biggest Street Party' by its organizers ... national companies etc. ... The involvement of children is to ensure that the carnival tradition ... Malaysia blamed on three tourists led by Elanor Hawkins and her siblings ...

  6. Drug Abuse in the Military. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Children, Family, Drugs and Alcoholism of the Committee on Labor and Human Resources. United States Senate, Ninety-Ninth Congress, First Session on Reviewing the Problem of Drug Abuse in the Military.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Committee on Labor and Human Resources.

    This document contains transcripts of testimonies and prepared statements from the Congressional hearing called to examine the effects of illicit drug use and alcoholism on military personnel. Following statements by Senators Hawkins, Grassley, and Kerry, testimonies from representatives of the Army, Navy, Marines, Air Force, and Coast Guard are…

  7. Effects of the Veteran’s Readjustment Program in Recruiting Black Females at the U.S. Army Missile Command Thru FY 84.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-09-01

    women be realized, accepted, and dealt with in an appropriate manner. Hawkins maintains that while many incidents of racism and sexism appear to parallel...suffer because they were black. Black women have not only had to fight against sterotypical female images, but in addition have had to resist erroneous

  8. Semantically Aware Foundation Environment (SAFE) for Clean-Slate Design of Resilient, Adaptive Secure Hosts (CRASH)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-02-01

    CRASH) Howard Reubenstein, Theophilos Giannakopoulos, Silviu Chiricescu, Amanda Strnad, and Joseph Fahey BAE Systems FEBRUARY 2016 Final...PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 62303E 6. AUTHOR(S) Howard Reubenstein, Theophilos Giannakopoulos, Silviu Chiricescu, Amanda Strnad, and Joseph Fahey...Michael Figueroa, Karl Fischer , Gregory Frazier, Anthony Gabrielson, Brad Galego, Theophilos Giannakopoulos, Hillary Holloway, Tom Hawkins, Siraj

  9. APL - North Pacific Acoustic Laboratory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-01

    the roles of internal waves, ocean spice, internal tides, fronts and eddies in causing fluctuations in acoustic receptions. 5. To improve basin-scale...Farmer, R. Gentry, T. Gross, A. Hawkins, F.~Li, K. Metcalf , J.H. Miller, D. Moretti, C. Rodrigo, and T. Shinke, (2011). “An International Quiet

  10. Advancing Scholarship and Intellectual Productivity: An Interview with Clifford A. Lynch

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hawkins, Brian L.

    2006-01-01

    In this second part of a two-part interview with Clifford A. Lynch, Executive Director of the Coalition for Networked Information, Lynch talks to Hawkins about the most provocative and exciting projects that are being developed in the field of networked information worldwide. He also talks on how institutional repositories are being currently…

  11. Intensive Language Teaching in Schools. Teaching Languages 1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hawkins, Eric, Ed.; Perren, G. E., Ed.

    The papers in this volume concerning intensive language teaching are grouped into three sections: "Sections bilingues,""Intensive courses within schools," and "Intensive courses at external centres." A preliminary chapter by Eric Hawkins introduces the historical context of intensive language teaching and a concluding…

  12. Science in the Bilingual Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gutierrez, Patricia A.

    1996-07-01

    One in seven children in the United States speaks a language other than English at home. Their difficulties with English may seem like a barrier to science education. But science education can be the impetus they need to overcome their difficulties with English. With sidebars by Isabel Hawkins and George Musser.

  13. Vowel Formants and Angle Measurements in Diachronic Sociophonetic Studies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fabricius, Anne

    2007-01-01

    is well documented in varieties of British English, such as Torgersen and Kerswill [10], including RP, as in Hawkins and Midgley [6]. The paper also demonstrates the versatility of an angle calculation method (Fabricius [3]), used in combination with F1/F2 plots, in producing replicable quantified...

  14. No Child Left Behind: A Neoliberal Repackaging of Social Darwinism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leyva, Rodolfo

    2009-01-01

    It is widely believed that the end of Nazism, and the postwar era brought an end to academic theories and discourses regarding inherent racial inferiority. There was little tolerance Hawkins (1997) argues, for biological justifications for racism, war, and exploitation. The infamous Social Darwinism of key intellectual Herbert Spencer, and its…

  15. Joining Forces: Working with Spirituality in Organisations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snell, Robin; And Others

    1991-01-01

    Includes "Joining Forces" (Lindamood); "Spiritual Dimension of the Learning Organisation" (Hawkins); "Management--A 'Spiritual' Foundation?" (Nevard); "Hermit in Organisations" (Murray); "Towards a Spiritual Perspective on Behavior at Work" (Henson); "On Uncertainty" (Adlam); "Spirituality in Organisations" (Lee); "Ecological Organisation" (Conn);…

  16. A Cross-Linguistic Approach to Language Awareness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    James, Carl

    1996-01-01

    Revives Eric Hawkins' idea of a language "trivium" where language awareness activities should fill the space between the learner's two languages. Draws a distinction between awareness and consciousness of language and suggests that cross-linguistic relationships are a major source of input salience strengthening, due to bilinguals' metalinguistic…

  17. Recent Advances in Nutrition Education. The Health Education Monograph Series. Volume 15 Number 3.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shier, Nathan W., Ed.; Torabi, Mohammad R., Ed.

    This monograph presents a collection of articles on nutrition education: "Using the DINE Score To Improve Food Choice Behavior" (Darwin Dennison and Kathryn F. Dennison); "Self-Reported Food Intake Patterns of Older Adults in Australia, China, and the United States" (Alyce D. Fly, Nathan W Shier, Barbara A. Hawkins, Susan J.…

  18. Order in the noun phrase of the languages of Europe

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rijkhoff, Jan

    1998-01-01

    according to which pre- or postnominal placement of (certain) noun modifiers is a function of the order of Object and Verb (Greenberg 1966; Hawkins 1983; Dryer 1988, 1992, this volume; Rijkhoff 1990a). Sections 5-7 compare the NP-internal ordering patterns as they occur in [i] the languages of Europe...

  19. Adding and Subtracting Alternation: Resumption and Prepositional Phrase Chopping in Spanish Relative Clauses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cerron-Palomino Lopez, Alvaro

    2010-01-01

    This dissertation is a variationist account of two non-standard relative clause (RC) structures in Spanish: resumptive pronouns (RPs) and prepositional-phrase (PP) chopping. Previous typological studies considered RP explanations based on difficulty of processing (Hawkins, 1994), while Spanish-specific quantitative studies proposed a number of…

  20. Candidatus Bartonella merieuxii, a Potential New Zoonotic Bartonella Species in Canids from Iraq

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-27

    one pool from salivary glands from female ticks and one gut content pool collected two dogs PCR positive for Candidatus B. merieuxii [19]. Therefore...23. Chomel BB, Abbott C, Kasten RW, Floyd-Hawkins KA, Kass PH , et al. (1995) Bartonella henselae prevalence in domestic cats in California: Risk

  1. Diagnosis and Treatment of Heterotopic Ossification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-10-01

    marker, which is a well-established marker for these cells [Piera- Velazquez et al., 2007]. We again found significant overlap of the pattern of Sox... Velazquez S, Hawkins DF, Whitecavage MK, Colter DC, Stokes DG, Jimenez SA. 2007. Regulation of the human SOX9 promoter by Sp1 and CREB. Exp Cell Res 313

  2. Temporal Adverbials, Negation and Finiteness in Dutch as a Second Language: A Scope-Based Account

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verhagen, Josje

    2009-01-01

    This study investigates the acquisition of post-verbal (temporal) adverbials and post-verbal negation in L2 Dutch. It is based on previous findings for L2 French that post-verbal negation poses less of a problem for L2 learners than post-verbal adverbial placement (Hawkins, Towell, Bazergui, Second Language Research 9: 189-233, 1993; Herschensohn,…

  3. Promidžbeni problem njemačkog filma G.P.U. u Nezavisnoj Državi Hrvatskoj

    OpenAIRE

    2008-01-01

    Film Karla Rittera G.P.U. (1942.) jedan je od poznatijih njemačkih filmova nastalih u vrijeme nacističke vladavine. Sa svojom antisovjetskom porukom, trebao je ostvariti propagandnu zadaću kako u Njemačkoj, tako i u drugim, Njemačkoj naklonjenim, zemljama. Njegovo je prikazivanje u Nezavisnoj Državi Hrvatskoj obilježeno velikim odazivom publike, koja je, smatralo se, izvrsno reagirala na propagandne poticaje onih koji su za to bili zaduženi. Ipak, pred samu premijeru filma odvija se gotovo pr...

  4. The ethics of the Texas death penalty and its impact on a prolonged appeals process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pearlman, T

    1998-01-01

    Society remains sharply divided as to the deterrent value of capital punishment. Following the reintroduction of the death penalty in the United States, Texas law mandates the affirmative predictability of future dangerousness beyond a reasonable doubt before a jury can impose the ultimate penalty for capital murder. The validity of prediction of dangerousness has been challenged in three Texas landmark cases before the U.S. Supreme Court. The case of Karla Faye Tucker highlights the moral controversy that occurs when execution follows an appeals process stretching over more than a decade, during which time personality growth and the effects of prison rehabilitation may have eliminated or curbed criminal tendencies.

  5. Kooliteater ehk "kogu maailm on lava..." / Kadri Haavajõe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Haavajõe, Kadri

    2007-01-01

    Betti Alveri luulepäevadelt tõid kolm Rakvere näitetruppi kuus preemiat. Rakvere reaalgümnaasiumi trupp Karla sai lisaks laureaaditiitlile ka parima meesosatäitja preemia, mille sai Jürgen Gansen. Osatäitmiste eest tunnustati ka Rakvere Linnanoorte Näitetrupi liiget Triinu Sikku ja Rakvere gümnaasiumi Teatriansambli noort Rainer Verner Samolbergi. Küsimusele "Miks ma näitlen" vastavad Jürgen Gansen ja Rainer Verner Samolberg

  6. Relación entre la infestación por Demodex Folliculorum y acné vulgar.

    OpenAIRE

    Campozano Vásquez, Karla Dalila

    2015-01-01

    CAMPOZANO VÁSQUEZ KARLA DALILA. ¿Relación entre la infestación por Demodex folliculorum y acné vulgar¿( bajo la dirección del Dr. Enrique Loayza Sánchez y el Dr. Roberto Arenas Guzmán). El Demodex es considerado por algunos autores como parte de la flora cutánea, sin embargo a sido relacionado con algunas enfermedades de la piel como rosácea, blefaritis, dermatitis perioral , foliculitis en cuero cabelludo, pitiriasis folliculorum y acné vulgar. En nuestra población no existen trabajos que ...

  7. The Command and Control of Communications in Joint and Combined Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-06-03

    to thank Charlie, Joe, Tres , Phil, Erica, Karla, and a host of fellow students who helped me throughout the year. iv TABLE OF CONTENTS Page APPROVAL...decision makers and the actual executors of those decisions as quickly as possible.Z7 The first point LTC Guerra makes is even more valid today. The...2a To control a network integrating all the different tactical 2 7William M. Guerra , LTC, USA. C2 of C3: Command and Control of Conmand. Control

  8. Acceptance of Swedish e-health services

    OpenAIRE

    Mary-Louise Jung; Karla Loria

    2010-01-01

    Mary-Louise Jung1, Karla Loria11Division of Industrial Marketing, e-Commerce and Logistics, Lulea University of Technology, SwedenObjective: To investigate older people’s acceptance of e-health services, in order to identify determinants of, and barriers to, their intention to use e-health.Method: Based on one of the best-established models of technology acceptance, Technology Acceptance Model (TAM), in-depth exploratory interviews with twelve individuals over 45 years of age and of...

  9. Estimation of crop water requirements using remote sensing for operational water resources management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vasiliades, Lampros; Spiliotopoulos, Marios; Tzabiras, John; Loukas, Athanasios; Mylopoulos, Nikitas

    2015-06-01

    An integrated modeling system, developed in the framework of "Hydromentor" research project, is applied to evaluate crop water requirements for operational water resources management at Lake Karla watershed, Greece. The framework includes coupled components for operation of hydrotechnical projects (reservoir operation and irrigation works) and estimation of agricultural water demands at several spatial scales using remote sensing. The study area was sub-divided into irrigation zones based on land use maps derived from Landsat 5 TM images for the year 2007. Satellite-based energy balance for mapping evapotranspiration with internalized calibration (METRIC) was used to derive actual evapotranspiration (ET) and crop coefficient (ETrF) values from Landsat TM imagery. Agricultural water needs were estimated using the FAO method for each zone and each control node of the system for a number of water resources management strategies. Two operational strategies of hydro-technical project development (present situation without operation of the reservoir and future situation with the operation of the reservoir) are coupled with three water demand strategies. In total, eight (8) water management strategies are evaluated and compared. The results show that, under the existing operational water resources management strategies, the crop water requirements are quite large. However, the operation of the proposed hydro-technical projects in Lake Karla watershed coupled with water demand management measures, like improvement of existing water distribution systems, change of irrigation methods, and changes of crop cultivation could alleviate the problem and lead to sustainable and ecological use of water resources in the study area.

  10. Necklace making and placedness in Tasmania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ray Norman

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper has been written against the backdrop of John B. Hawkins’ paper, A Suggested History of Tasmanian Aboriginal Kangaroo Skin or Sinew, Human Bone, Shell, Feather, Apple Seed & Wombat Necklaces, published in Australiana, November 2008, and the research it sparked. Hawkins proffered some contentious propositions concerning unlikely and speculative connections between Tasmanian Aboriginal shell necklace making and the making of so-called “Tasmanian Appleseed necklaces”. Within the acknowledgements section of his paper Hawkins said that he “[looked] forward to a response to [his] article by the museum authorities, for it is only by the cut and thrust of debate that knowledge can be further enhanced”. This paper takes up that challenge albeit from outside the Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery and totally independent of any institutional sponsorship.

  11. Aerospace Power in Urban Warfare: Beware the Hornet’s Nest

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-05-01

    Board Task Force on Military Operations in Built-Up Areas ( MOBA )," (Washington, DC: Office of the Undersecretary of Defense for Acquisition and...Smithsonian Institute Press, 1999), 130. 45 Vick, et al., 120. 46 Rebecca A. Grant, "The Radar Game ," Air Force Magazine, February 1999, 52-60. Grant...University Press, 1962. Grant, Rebecca A. "The Radar Game ." Air Force Magazine, February 1999, 52-60. Hawkins, William R. Putting Urban Warfare in

  12. Thermal Inactivation of Bacillus Anthracis using Laser Irradiation of Micro-Etched Platforms

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-03-01

    Surface coats Typical Gram -positive murein cell wall polymer; crystalline S- layer Thick spore coat, cortex, and unique peptidoglycan core...methodology to Hawkins was used for defining separate genetic lines to prevent double counting and false negatives . RO2: Refine production of micro...high production of spores synchronizes the Bacilli cell growth so that when starvation is attained and quorum signals are sent, the highest

  13. Disease: H00702 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available H00702 Cap myopathy Cap myopathy is a rare congenital myopathy morphologically char...ognized genes associated with cap myopathy (TPM2, TPM3 and now ACTA1) encode comp...ne) Hung RM, Yoon G, Hawkins CE, Halliday W, Biggar D, Vajsar J Cap myopathy caused by a mutation of the ske... AM, Franques J, Fernandez C, Monnier N, Lunardi J, Pellissier JF, Figarella-Branger D, Pouget J A TPM3 mutation causing cap myopathy

  14. Disease: H00124 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 884] keratan sulfate [CPD:C00573] Substrate reduction therapy ICD-10: E75.0 MeSH: D020143 OMIM: 268800 27280...aled by gene expression profiling. Hum Mol Genet 11:1343-50 (2002) PMID:19595619 (therapy) Maegawa GH, Banwe...ll BL, Blaser S, Sorge G, Toplak M, Ackerley C, Hawkins C, Hayes J, Clarke JT Substrate reduction therapy in juvenile GM2 gangliosidosis. Mol Genet Metab 98:215-24 (2009) ...

  15. Trauma is Danger

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    to treatment . Further, identifying which patients are most likely to develop severe SIRS after injury may allow for early intervention. Our current...significant danger signal to the immune system. Cell Stress Chaperones 2003, 8:272-286. 35. Martinon F, Petrilli V, Mayor A, Tardivel A, Tschopp J: Gout ...understanding of gout . Arthritis Res Ther 2008, 10:221. 37. Hawkins PN, Lachmann HJ, Aganna E, McDermott MF: Spectrum of clinical features in Muckle-Wells

  16. Molecular Modulation of Inhibitors of Apoptosis as a Novel Approach for Radiosensitization of Human Prostate Cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-11-01

    providing a proof-of- concept that IAPs may be a novel and promising target for chemo/ radiosensitization of human cancers. Loss of XIAP by RNAi also...33] Hawkins CJ, Ekert PG, Uren AG, Holmgreen SP, Vaux DL. Anti-apoptotic potential of insect cellular and viral IAPs in mammalian cells. Cell Death...expression by RNAi and antisense approaches sensitizes cancer cells to functionally diverse chemotherapeutics. Oncogene 2004; 23: 8105-17. [68

  17. The Electronic Commerce Integrated Development Methodology For Small Firms

    OpenAIRE

    Stapleton, Larry; Woods, Jaqueline; McDonald, T.J.

    2005-01-01

    Electronic Commerce (EC) technologies have the ability to reshape industry structure, and in doing so modify the rules of competition, which, in turn, lead to new methods of competing (Thong, 1999; Hawkins et al., 1999). The technological shift from traditional methods to Internet-based methods of trading has facilitated cost and competitive advantage (Auger and Gallaugher, 1997). However, to maximise EC gains it is critical that organisations understand the phases of technological assimila...

  18. Medved - spetsnazu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Berliini 58. filmifestivali auhinnasaajatest : Kuldkaru võitis Brasiilia produtsendi ja režissööri Jose Padilha mängufilm "Eliitrühm", Hõbekaru USA režissööri Errol Morrise dokfilm "Tavaprotseduur". Parima režissööri Hõbekaru läks Paul Thomas Andersonile mängufilmi "Veri hakkab voolama" eest. Parima näitleja auhinna said Sally Hawkins ja Reza Naji

  19. NRL Satellite Support for DYNAMO Field Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-30

    1 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. NRL Satellite Support for DYNAMO Field Program Jeffrey...Jeff.Hawkins@nrlmry.navy.mil Document Number: N0001412WX20870 LONG-TERM GOALS To provide the ONR-sponsored DYNAMO field program with a...the Indian Ocean. OBJECTIVES Develop a NRL-MRY near real-time web page that enables DYNAMO field program participants to view the evolving

  20. The Acme of Skill: Nonkinetic Warfare

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-05-01

    Research John T. Ackerman , PhD, Series Editor Donald MacCuish, EdD, Essay Advisor Air University Press Terry L. Hawkins, Interim Director Bessie E...James A. Nathan claims that since the end of the Cold War, “trade has been displacing security worldwide as a means of determining priorities and... Nathan , Soldiers, Statecraft, and History, xi–xii. . Friedman, The Lexus and the Olive Tree, 8. 6. Ibid., 3. 7. UN Statistics Division

  1. Armada puts to sea

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Esau, I.

    1995-04-01

    This article describes the operational success of British Gas in exploiting the Armada gas field. Armada consists of three separate reservoirs (Fleming, Drake and Hawkins) and lies in the central North Sea. British Gas has successfully exploited this field on behalf of a group of co-venturers. This article describes the economic, technical and political difficulties faced by the company in operating this innovative method of management. (UK)

  2. Medved - spetsnazu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Berliini 58. filmifestivali auhinnasaajatest : Kuldkaru võitis Brasiilia produtsendi ja režissööri Jose Padilha mängufilm "Eliitrühm", Hõbekaru USA režissööri Errol Morrise dokfilm "Tavaprotseduur". Parima režissööri Hõbekaru läks Paul Thomas Andersonile mängufilmi "Veri hakkab voolama" eest. Parima näitleja auhinna said Sally Hawkins ja Reza Naji

  3. Social Perspective on Fossilization of Interlanguage

    OpenAIRE

    Ren Hulin

    2013-01-01

    The paper is to investigate the role of social factors that influence the fossilization of learners’ interlanguage. In this context, "fossilization" refers to the stopping in the acquisition of a second language (L2) short of native-like proficiency(Towell and Hawkins, 1994). The paper begins with Wolfson’s (1989) overview of social settings that influence the fossilization of learners’ interlanguage and Ellis (2005) discussion of the impact of social factors on L2 proficiency evidenced with ...

  4. An Exploratory Analysis of the .Net Component Model and Uniframe Paradigm Using a Collaborative Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-08-01

    84 disparate platforms. An organization with numerous applications needs EAI solution and corporations that are extending their processes with...attempts a retry for a certain value nretry and even if the communicatin fails, the LM is marked as dead by removing it from its list of known LMs and...MIC01a] Obermeyer, P. and J. Hawkins, Microsoft Corporation , “Microsoft .NET Remoting – A Technical Overview,” Official MSDN Website, 2001, http

  5. Meteor Streams and Parent Bodies

    OpenAIRE

    Klacka, Jozef

    1999-01-01

    Problem of meteor orbit determination for a given parent body is discussed. Some of the published methods for obtaining meteoroid's orbital elements at the moment of intersecting Earth's orbit on the basis of geometrical variation of parent body's orbital elements are discussed. The main result concerns the following two facts: i) in real situations physical quantities for the change of orbital elements of the parent body must be used, and, ii) the usage of Southworth and Hawkins (1963) D-cri...

  6. Study to Expand Simulation Cockpit Displays of Advanced Sensors

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-03-01

    Data Systems Group Dr. Antonio J. Mendez Tarricia Du Puis John W. Doak Radar Systems Group William B. VanHorne LA0euuion For NTIS GRA&I DTIC TA• Texas...Low-Altitude and ~emna- Pe light./ ’A risoty’Grou p "*oe*%tb spadie Devyelopmien t ’(AGNARD)y;’AD-AO 5f0177, Ap~rii 1𔄃 7’y .Ŕ Hawkins, J. A., et al

  7. Internal Impingement of the Shoulder: A Risk of False Positive Test Outcomes in External Impingement Tests?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tim Leschinger

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. External impingement tests are considered as being particularly reliable for identifying subacromial and coracoid shoulder impingement mechanisms. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate if these tests are likely to provoke an internal shoulder impingement mechanism which, in cases of a pathologic condition, can lead to a positive test result. Method. In 37 subjects, the mechanical contact between the glenoid rim and the rotator cuff (RC was measured quantitatively and qualitatively in external impingement test positions using an open MRI system. Results. Mechanical contact of the supraspinatus with the posterosuperior glenoid was present in 30 subjects in the Neer test. In the Hawkins test, the subscapularis was in contact with the anterosuperior glenoid in 33 subjects and the supraspinatus in 18. In the horizontal impingement test, anterosuperior contact of the supraspinatus with the glenoid was identified in 35 subjects. Conclusion. The Neer, Hawkins, and horizontal impingement tests are likely to provoke the mechanism of an internal shoulder impingement. A posterosuperior internal impingement mechanism is being provoked predominately in the Neer test. The Hawkins test narrows the distance between the insertions of the subscapularis and supraspinatus and the anterosuperior labrum, which leads to an anterosuperior impingement mechanism.

  8. Treatment of adolescents with morbid obesity with bariatric procedures and anti-obesity pharmacological agents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Um SS

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Scott S Um1, Wendelin Slusser2, Daniel A DeUgarte11Department of Surgery, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, USA; 2Department of Pediatrics, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, USAAbstract: Adolescent obesity is a growing health concern that can have immense physical and psychological impact. Treatment of morbidly obese adolescents should include a multidisciplinary team to address medical comorbidities, diet, physical activity, mental health, and behavior modification. Anti-obesity pharmacologic agents have a limited role in the treatment of adolescents because of concerns with side effects, safety, and efficacy. Orlistat (GlaxoSmithKline, Moon Township, PA is the only approved medication for weight-loss in adolescents. However, it is associated with gastrointestinal side effects and its long-term efficacy is unknown. Bariatric surgery is the most effective therapy to treat morbid obesity. However, adolescents must meet rigorous criteria and have appropriate cognitive, psychological, and social clearance before being considered for surgical intervention. Gastric bypass remains the gold standard bariatric operation. The adjustable gastric band is not FDA-approved for use in patients under 18 years of age. Sleeve gastrectomy is a promising procedure for adolescents because it avoids an intestinal bypass and the implantation of a foreign body. Prospective longitudinal assessment of bariatric surgery procedures is required to determine long-term outcomes. In this manuscript, we review the treatment options, efficacy, and impact on quality of life for morbidly obese adolescents.Keywords: bariatric surgery, morbid obesity, weight loss, adolescent

  9. The Origin of the Fields Medal and the Mathematical Works of the 2006 Prizewinners%费尔兹奖章与2006年获奖者的数学工作

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王善平

    2006-01-01

    4年一度的国际数学家大会(International Congress of Mathematicians,ICM).是由国际数学联盟(International Mathematical Union,IMU)主办的全世界数学家的盛会。继2002年ICM在中国北京成功举行之后.2006年ICM于今年8月22日至30日在西班牙首都马德里召开。历届ICM大会的主要任务包括回顾过去4年来数学研究取得的成就.展望未来发展。以及组织安排数学家之间进行各种交流活动。其中最受垒世界瞩目的大会议程。是宣布费尔兹奖章获得者并进行颁奖。在8月22日的开幕式上。ICM宣布。本届的费尔兹奖章获得者为美国普林斯顿大学数学家欧克恩科夫(Andrei Okounkov,1969-),俄罗斯数学家佩霄尔曼(Grigori Perelman,1966-),美国加州大学洛杉矶分校数学家陶哲轩(Terence Tao,1975-)和法国巴黎第十一大学数学家沃纳(Wendelin Werner。1968-)。

  10. Development of a district information system for water management planning and strategic decision making

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loukas, A.; Tzabiras, J.; Spiliotopoulos, M.; Kokkinos, K.; Fafoutis, C.; Mylopoulos, N.

    2015-06-01

    The overall objective of this work is the development of a District Information System (DIS) which could be used by stakeholders for the purposes of a district day-to-day water management as well as for planning and strategic decisionmaking. The DIS was developed from a GIS-based modeling approach, which integrates a generic crop model and a hydraulic model of the transport/distribution system, using land use maps generated by Landsat TM imagery. The main sub-objectives are: (i) the development of an operational algorithm to retrieve crop evapotranspiration from remote sensing data, (ii) the development of an information system with friendly user interface for the data base, the crop module and the hydraulic module and (iii) the analysis and validation of management scenarios from model simulations predicting the respective behavior. The Lake Karla watershed is used in this study, but the overall methodology could be used as a basis for future analysis elsewhere. Surface Energy Balance Algorithm for Land (SEBAL) was used to derive monthly actual evapotranspiration (ET) values from Landsat TM imagery. Meteorological data from the archives of the Institute for Research and Technology, Thessaly (I.RE.TE.TH) has also been used. The methodology was developed using high quality Landsat TM images during 2007 growing season. Monthly ET values are used as an input to CROPWAT model. Outputs of CROPWAT model are then used as input for WEAP model. The developed scenario is based on the actual situation of the surface irrigation network of the Local Administration of Land Reclamation (LALR) of Pinios for the year of 2007. The DIS is calibrated with observed data of this year and the district parameterization is conducted based on the actual operation of the network. The operation of the surface irrigation network of Pinios LALR is simulated using Technologismiki Works, while the operation of closed pipe irrigation network of Lake Karla LALR is simulated using Watercad. Four

  11. DIVERSITY OF EAR CHARACTERISTICS OF CROATIAN WHEAT GERMPLASM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivana Rukavina

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Morphological characteristics of ear were used for estimation of genetic diversity in 50 varieties of hexaploid winter wheat originated from Croatian breeding programs. Field trials were set at two locations in two vegetation years (2008/09 and 2009/10. Observations in field trials and laboratory were done on 13 ear characteristics used in DUS testing. Genetic diversity research of Croatian wheat germplasm according to ear morphological characteristics, showed a high level of dissimilarity (0.625 among the tested varieties. Varieties Super Žitarka and AFZG Karla are pointed out with highest coefficient of dissimilarity (0.94. Application of UPGMA method showed that all varieties in different groups had significant genetic diversity. On the basis of data analysis the most distant varieties with the best morphological characteristics of ear were determined and it will be help in the selection of new parent combinations in future breeding programs.

  12. Silurian Gastropoda from the Alexander terrane, southeast Alaska

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rohr, D.M.; Blodgett, R.B.

    2008-01-01

    Gastropods are described from Ludlow-age strata of the Heceta Limestone on Prince of Wales Island, southeast Alaska. They are part of a diverse megabenthic fauna of the Alexander terrane, an accreted terrane of Siberian or Uralian affinities. Heceta Limestone gastropods with Uralian affinities include Kirkospira glacialis, which closely resembles "Pleurotomaria" lindstromi Oehlert of Chernyshev, 1893, Retispira cf. R. volgulica (Chernyshev, 1893), and Medfracaulus turriformis (Chernyshev, 1893). Medfracaulus and similar morphotypes such as Coelocaulus karlae are unknown from rocks that are unquestionably part of the North American continent (Laurentia) during Late Silurian time. Beraunia is previously known only from the Silurian of Bohemia. Pachystrophia has previously been reported only from western North American terranes (Eastern Klamath, York, and Farewell terranes) and Europe. Bathmopterus Kirk, 1928, is resurrected and is only known from the Silurian of southeast Alaska. Newly described taxa include Hecetastoma gehrelsi n. gen. and n. sp. and Baichtalia tongassensis n. gen. and n. sp. ??2008 The Geological Society of America.

  13. (Indian)Diasporic Communities in a people-centered perspective:

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Singla, Rashmi; Shajahan, P.K.; Sriram, Sujata

    2018-01-01

    voices of the diasporics illustrate the people centered approach as a methodological orientation. The empirical cases (Singla, 2008, 2015, Sriram, 2014) are based on qualitative- in-depth interviews with families and young people and diasporics in exogamous marriages with Danish spouses (mixed couples...... for promoting interconnections, communication and linkages between the Indian diaspora and India. Key words: Indian diaspora, policies, interconnections, double belongings, inclusion/ exclusion, marginalities, promoting linkages References:Dufoix, S. (2008) Diasporas, Berkley, University of California Press......Karla, V, Kaur, R. & Hutnyk, J (2005) Diaspora & Hybridity New Delhi: SageSingla, Rashmi (2008) Now And Then - Life Trajectories, Family Relationships and Diasporic Identities: A follow-up Study of Young Adults Copenhagen, The Copenhagen Studies in BilingualismSingla, R.(2015) Intermarriage, Mixed...

  14. „Dag einn mun prinsinn minn.“ Birtingarmyndir kvenna í Disney prinsessumyndum frá Mjallhvíti til Frozen

    OpenAIRE

    Kristín Halldóra Halldórsdóttir 1991

    2015-01-01

    Birtingarmyndir kvenna og karla í sjónvarpsefni hafa í áranna rás verið mótaðar af hefðbundnum hugmyndum um kyngervi, og eru Disney teiknimyndir þar ekki undanskildar. Í þessari ritgerð er fjallað um birtingarmyndir kvenna í sex völdum Disney prinsessumyndum, frá Mjallhvíti og dvergunum sjö, sem gefin var út árið 1937, til Frozen, sem gefin var út árið 2013. Fjallað er um þrjú tímabil Disney prinsessumynda. Markmiðið er að skoða hvernig kyngervi prinsessanna hefur breyst á þessum sjö áratugum...

  15. Desempenho agroeconômico do consórcio cenoura x alface lisa em dois sistemas de cultivo em faixa Agroeconomic performance of carrot x looseleaf lettuce intercrops in two strip arrangements

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Bezerra Neto

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available O desempenho de quatro cultivares de alface lisa, em cultivo solteiro e consorciado com cenoura, em dois sistemas de cultivo em faixas, foi avaliado em experimento, de outubro a dezembro de 2000, na ESAM em Mossoró. O delineamento experimental utilizado foi de blocos casualizados completos em esquema fatorial 3 x 4 + 1, com quatro repetições. Os tratamentos do fatorial resultaram da combinação dos sistemas de cultivos (solteiro, consorciado em faixas com três fileiras de cenoura alternadas com três fileiras de alface e consorciado em faixas com quatro fileiras de cenoura alternadas com quatro fileiras de alface com quatro cultivares de alface lisa (Babá de Verão, Karla, Verdinha e Elisabeth, mais um tratamento adicional (cenoura 'Brasília' solteira. Avaliou-se para a cultura da alface: altura e diâmetro de plantas, número de folhas por planta, matéria seca da parte aérea e produtividade; para a cultura da cenoura avaliou-se: altura de plantas, matéria fresca da parte aérea, produtividade total, comercial e classificação de raízes. Alguns indicadores agroeconômicos foram usados para medir a eficiência dos sistemas consorciados. Não houve interação significativa entre sistemas de cultivos e cultivares de alface para nenhuma das características avaliadas. Os sistemas de cultivo afetaram todas as características avaliadas tanto na cultura da alface como na da cenoura, e as cultivares de alfaces testadas influenciaram apenas o número de folhas/planta, com a cultivar 'Karla' registrando maior número. A produtividade média da alface nos sistemas consorciados, embora inferior à do sistema solteiro, representou uma fonte adicional de renda. O consórcio cenoura 'Brasília' x alface cv. 'Verdinha' em faixas com quatro fileiras foi o que apresentou maior viabilidade agroeconômica, com índice de uso da terra em torno de 19% e taxa de retorno ao redor de 3,0.The experiment was carried out from October to December 2000, in

  16. The Ins and Outs of Viral Infection: Keystone Meeting Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sara W. Bird

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Newly observed mechanisms for viral entry, assembly, and exit are challenging our current understanding of the replication cycle of different viruses. To address and better understand these mechanisms, a Keystone Symposium was organized in the snowy mountains of Colorado (“The Ins and Outs of Viral Infection: Entry, Assembly, Exit, and Spread”; 30 March–4 April 2014, Beaver Run Resort, Breckenridge, Colorado, organized by Karla Kirkegaard, Mavis Agbandje-McKenna, and Eric O. Freed. The meeting served to bring together cell biologists, structural biologists, geneticists, and scientists expert in viral pathogenesis to discuss emerging mechanisms of viral ins and outs. The conference was organized around different phases of the viral replication cycle, including cell entry, viral assembly and post-assembly maturation, virus structure, cell exit, and virus spread. This review aims to highlight important topics and themes that emerged during the conference.

  17. Competição de cultivares de alface sob cultivo hidropônico 'NFT' em três diferentes espaçamentos Butterhead lettuce cultivars under 'NFT' hydroponic cultivation in three different spacings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ronan Gualberto

    1999-07-01

    Full Text Available Com o objetivo de avaliar o desempenho de seis cultivares de alface do tipo lisa (Babá de Verão, Brasil 303, Elisa, Karla, Lívia e Monalisa em três espaçamentos (25 x 20, 25 x 25 e 25 x 30 cm, cultivadas em sistema hidropônico 'NFT', realizou-se um experimento na Fazenda Experimental da Universidade de Marília (SP, no período de 23 de setembro a 21 de novembro de 1997. Foram avaliadas as características comprimento de caule, produção de matéria fresca por planta e por área e produção de matéria seca da parte aérea, da raiz e total. O delineamento experimental adotado foi o de blocos casualizados, em esquema fatorial 6 x 3, com três repetições. Não houve efeito significativo da interação entre cultivares e espaçamentos. As cultivares Babá de Verão, Lívia e Elisa se destacaram pela produção de matéria fresca e matéria seca total. As cultivares Monalisa e Karla mostraram-se menos suscetíveis ao pendoamento precoce, enquanto a 'Babá de Verão' foi a mais suscetível. Não foi verificada influência significativa dos espaçamentos sobre as características estudadas, exceto para a produção por área, onde independente das cultivares utilizadas, o espaçamento 25 x 20 propiciou uma produção de 4,465 Kg/m², superior aos demais espaçamentos utilizados. Assim. Produções significativamente inferiores foram obtidas nos tratamentos 25 x 25 cm e 25 x 30 cm: 3,583 e 3,304 Kg/m², respectivamente, devido à redução no número de plantas por m².An experiment was carried out at the Experimental Farm, of Marília University, from September 23th 1997 to November 21st 1997 with the objective of evaluating the performance of six butterhead lettuce cultivars (Babá de Verão, Brasil 303, Elisa, Karla, Lívia and Monalisa in three spacings (25 x 20, 25 x 25 and 25 x 30 cm, cultivated under a hydroponic system 'NFT'. Stem length, fresh matter yield per plant and per area, and aerial part and root dry matter weight were

  18. Characterization of hydrological responses to rainfall and volumetric coefficients on the event scale in rural catchments of the Iberian Peninsula

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taguas, Encarnación; Nadal-Romero, Estela; Ayuso, José L.; Casalí, Javier; Cid, Patricio; Dafonte, Jorge; Duarte, Antonio C.; Giménez, Rafael; Giráldez, Juan V.; Gómez-Macpherson, Helena; Gómez, José A.; González-Hidalgo, J. Carlos; Lucía, Ana; Mateos, Luciano; Rodríguez-Blanco, M. Luz; Schnabel, Susanne; Serrano-Muela, M. Pilar; Lana-Renault, Noemí; Mercedes Taboada-Castro, M.; Taboada-Castro, M. Teresa

    2016-04-01

    Analysis of storm rainfall-runoff data is essential to improve our understanding of catchment hydrology and to validate models supporting hydrological planning. In a context of climate change, statistical and process-based models are helpful to explore different scenarios which might be represented by simple parameters such as volumetric runoff coefficient. In this work, rainfall-runoff event datasets collected at 17 rural catchments in the Iberian Peninsula were studied. The objectives were: i) to describe hydrological patterns/variability of the relation rainfall-runoff; ii) to explore different methodologies to quantify representative volumetric runoff coefficients. Firstly, the criteria used to define an event were examined in order to standardize the analysis. Linear regression adjustments and statistics of the rainfall-runoff relations were examined to identify possible common patterns. In addition, a principal component analysis was applied to evaluate the variability among catchments based on their physical attributes. Secondly, runoff coefficients at event temporal scale were calculated following different methods. Median, mean, Hawkinś graphic method (Hawkins, 1993), reference values for engineering project of Prevert (TRAGSA, 1994) and the ratio of cumulated runoff and cumulated precipitation of the event that generated runoff (Rcum) were compared. Finally, the relations between the most representative volumetric runoff coefficients with the physical features of the catchments were explored using multiple linear regressions. The mean volumetric runoff coefficient in the studied catchments was 0.18, whereas the median was 0.15, both with variation coefficients greater than 100%. In 6 catchments, rainfall-runoff linear adjustments presented coefficient of determination greater than 0.60 (p hydrological response differences in the catchments. REFERENCES: Hawkins, R. H. (1993). Asymptotic determination of runoff curve numbers from data. J. Irrig. Drain. Eng

  19. An Empirical Examination of Reverse Auction Appropriateness in B2B Source Selection

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    Measures of Marketing Constructs," Journal of Marketing Research, Vol. 16, No.2, pp. 64 - 73. Cohn, L. (2000), " B2B : The Hottest Net Bet Yet...AND SUBTITLE 5. FUNDING NUMBERS AN EMPIRICAL EXAMINATION OF REVERSE AUCTION APPROPRIATENESS IN B2B SOURCE SELECTION. 6. AUTHOR(S) MAJ HAWKINS TIMOTHY...Examination of Reverse Auction Appropriateness in B2B Source Selection D :7;TZU IUT•ITM STATER,;77TIT A Approved for Puhtic P-•-!,ase Distribution

  20. Descriptive and discourse-referential modifiers in a layered model of the noun phrase

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rijkhoff, Jan

    2008-01-01

    This article argues that adnominal modifiers in a layered model of the noun phrase can be divided into two major subcategories: descriptive modifiers and discourse-referential modifiers. Whereas descriptive modifiers can be subdivided into classifying, qualifying, quantifying and localizing......), (ii) the special relationship between localizing and discourse-referential modifiers (section 5), and (iii) semantic and morpho-syntactic parallels between modifier categories in the noun phrase and the clause (section 6). In addition this sample-based typological study shows (contra Hawkins...

  1. Berlinale oli ootuspäraselt ootamatu, nagu alati / Lauri Kärk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kärk, Lauri, 1954-

    2008-01-01

    Berliini 58. filmifestivali auhinnasaajatest : Kuldkaru võitis Brasiilia produtsendi ja režissööri Jose Padilha mängufilm "Eliitrühm", Hõbekaru USA režissööri Errol Morrise dokfilm "Tavaprotseduur". Parima režissööri Hõbekaru läks Paul Thomas Andersonile mängufilmi "Veri hakkab voolama" eest. Parima näitleja auhinna said Sally Hawkins ja Reza Naji, Alfred Baueri auhinna sai Fernando Eimbcke "Tahoe järv"

  2. 58. "Berlinale" lõppmäng / Jaak Lõhmus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lõhmus, Jaak

    2008-01-01

    Berliini 58. filmifestivali auhinnasaajatest : Kuldkaru võitis Brasiilia produtsendi ja režissööri Jose Padilha mängufilm "Eliitrühm", Hõbekaru USA režissööri Errol Morrise dokfilm "Tavaprotseduur". Parima režissööri Hõbekaru läks Paul Thomas Andersonile mängufilmi "Veri hakkab voolama" eest. Parima näitleja auhinna said Sally Hawkins ja Reza Naji, Alfred Baueri auhinna sai Fernando Eimbcke "Tahoe järv"

  3. V Berline zavershilsja kinofestival / Lauri Kärk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kärk, Lauri, 1954-

    2008-01-01

    Berliini 58. filmifestivali auhinnasaajatest : Kuldkaru võitis Brasiilia produtsendi ja režissööri Jose Padilha mängufilm "Eliitrühm", Hõbekaru USA režissööri Errol Morrise dokfilm "Tavaprotseduur". Parima režissööri Hõbekaru läks Paul Thomas Andersonile mängufilmi "Veri hakkab voolama" eest. Parima näitleja auhinna said Sally Hawkins ja Reza Naji, Alfred Baueri auhinna sai Fernando Eimbcke "Tahoe järv"

  4. Three-phase tectonic evolution of the Andaman backarc basin

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    KameshRaju, K.A.

    . Lett ., 2001, 185 , 253 ? 264. 13. Parson, L. M. and Hawkin s, J. W., Two - stage ridge propagation and the geological history of the Lau backarc basin. In Proc. Ocean Drill. Pr o gramme Sci. Results , 1995, vol. 135, pp. 819 ? 828. 14...: a new seismotectonic i nsight. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett ., 2005, 229 , 259 ? 271. 18. Curray, J. R., Tectonics and history of the Andaman Sea region. J. Asian Earth Sci. , 2005, 25 , 187 ? 232. 19. Smith, W. H. F. and Sandwell, D. T...

  5. The Role of PP2A Methylation in Susceptibility and Resistance to TBI and AD-Induced Neurodegeneration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-01

    Kim, Deqi Yin, Teodoro Bottiglieri, Estelle Sontag, Eric R. Kandel , and Ottavio Arancio Abstract: Elevated levels of homocysteine and impaired...University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW 2308, Australia. Eric R. Kandel : Department of Neuroscience, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia...19724.   Mayford,  M.,  Bach,  M.E.,  Huang,  Y.Y.,  Wang,  L.,  Hawkins,  R.D.,  and   Kandel ,  E.R.  (1996).   Control

  6. Y. Laberge on Jazz Icons.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available (Various artists, Jazz Icons: Series 4. Reelin' In The Years Productions and Naxos, 2.108003. Box Set (8 DVDs, 2009, 10 hours. B&W. All regions (no DVD zone. 1. Coleman Hawkins- Live in '62 & '64- (w/ Sweets Edison and Jo Jones 2. Art Blakey- Live in '65- (w/ Freddie Hubbard 3.  Erroll Garner - Live in '63 & '64 4.  Jimmy Smith- Live in '69 5.  Woody Herman- Live in '64 6.  Anita O'Day- Live In '63 & '70 7.  Art Farmer- Live In '64- (w/ Jim Hall 8. Bonus performances, including excerpts...

  7. High-sensitivity C-reactive protein concentrations among patients with and without diabetes in a multiethnic population of Singapore: CREDENCE Study

    OpenAIRE

    Dalan, Rinkoo

    2010-01-01

    Rinkoo Dalan1, Michelle Jong1, Siew-Pang Chan4,5, Robert Hawkins2, Robin Choo6, Brenda Lim1, May L Tan3, Melvin KS Leow1,61Department of Endocrinology, 2Department of Laboratory Medicine, 3Health Enrichment Centre, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore; 4School of Business, SIM University, Singapore; 5Faculty of Health Sciences, La Trobe University, Australia; 6Singapore Institute for Clinical Sciences, Brenner Centre for Molecular Medicine, SingaporeObjectives: To determine whether high-sensitiv...

  8. Manufacturing Methods and Technology Project Summary Reports

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-06-01

    to perform the Penetrometer Filter Test. DOP is now considered to be a suspected carcinogen . The Chemical System Laboratories’ Research Division...34 rubber pad" forming technique to study crack formation. It was found that 90 a hole punched in A-286 for stress relief along the louvre opening must be...DAMA-WSM-A, Mr. John Doyle DAMA-WSW, MAJ Gordon Winder DAMA-CSC-BU, COL Higgins DAMA-CSS-P, LTC L. R. Hawkins, LTC P. K. Linscott DAMA- CSM -P, Mr

  9. "Berlinale 2008" - küll jahe, aga lahe! / Annika Koppel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koppel, Annika

    2008-01-01

    Berliini 58. filmifestivali auhinnasaajatest : Kuldkaru võitis Brasiilia produtsendi ja režissööri Jose Padilha mängufilm "Eliitrühm", Hõbekaru USA režissööri Errol Morrise dokfilm "Tavaprotseduur". Parima režissööri Hõbekaru läks Paul Thomas Andersonile mängufilmi "Veri hakkab voolama" eest. Parima näitleja auhinna said Sally Hawkins ja Reza Naji, Alfred Baueri auhinna sai Fernando Eimbcke "Tahoe järv"

  10. "Eliitüksus" võitis Kuldkaru Brasiilia võimude kiuste / Kristiina Davidjants

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Davidjants, Kristiina, 1974-

    2008-01-01

    Berliini 58. filmifestivali auhinnasaajatest : Kuldkaru võitis Brasiilia produtsendi ja režissööri Jose Padilha mängufilm "Eliitrühm", Hõbekaru USA režissööri Errol Morrise dokfilm "Tavaprotseduur". Parima režissööri Hõbekaru läks Paul Thomas Andersonile mängufilmi "Veri hakkab voolama" eest. Parima näitleja auhinna said Sally Hawkins ja Reza Naji. Ka A. Wajda filmist "Katõn"

  11. Nonunion of paediatric talar neck fracture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jindal Nipun

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available 【Abstract】Fractures of the paediatric talus are infrequent injuries, most complicated by posttraumatic arthrosis and avascular necrosis in the course of treatment. Non- union in children has not been reported before in literature. We report a case of a 12-year-old boy who had a nonunion of Hawkins type II fracture of talar neck. The nonunion was treated surgically with a good clinical outcome. The goals of management in nonunion of paediatric talar neck fracture are different from those in fresh fractures. A suboptimal reduction should be acceptable without trying a radical surgery which may cause further impairment.

  12. 58. "Berlinale" lõppmäng / Jaak Lõhmus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lõhmus, Jaak

    2008-01-01

    Berliini 58. filmifestivali auhinnasaajatest : Kuldkaru võitis Brasiilia produtsendi ja režissööri Jose Padilha mängufilm "Eliitrühm", Hõbekaru USA režissööri Errol Morrise dokfilm "Tavaprotseduur". Parima režissööri Hõbekaru läks Paul Thomas Andersonile mängufilmi "Veri hakkab voolama" eest. Parima näitleja auhinna said Sally Hawkins ja Reza Naji, Alfred Baueri auhinna sai Fernando Eimbcke "Tahoe järv"

  13. Berlinale oli ootuspäraselt ootamatu, nagu alati / Lauri Kärk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kärk, Lauri, 1954-

    2008-01-01

    Berliini 58. filmifestivali auhinnasaajatest : Kuldkaru võitis Brasiilia produtsendi ja režissööri Jose Padilha mängufilm "Eliitrühm", Hõbekaru USA režissööri Errol Morrise dokfilm "Tavaprotseduur". Parima režissööri Hõbekaru läks Paul Thomas Andersonile mängufilmi "Veri hakkab voolama" eest. Parima näitleja auhinna said Sally Hawkins ja Reza Naji, Alfred Baueri auhinna sai Fernando Eimbcke "Tahoe järv"

  14. V Berline zavershilsja kinofestival / Lauri Kärk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kärk, Lauri, 1954-

    2008-01-01

    Berliini 58. filmifestivali auhinnasaajatest : Kuldkaru võitis Brasiilia produtsendi ja režissööri Jose Padilha mängufilm "Eliitrühm", Hõbekaru USA režissööri Errol Morrise dokfilm "Tavaprotseduur". Parima režissööri Hõbekaru läks Paul Thomas Andersonile mängufilmi "Veri hakkab voolama" eest. Parima näitleja auhinna said Sally Hawkins ja Reza Naji, Alfred Baueri auhinna sai Fernando Eimbcke "Tahoe järv"

  15. Analysis of United States Air Forces Central Government Purchase Card Reachback Viability

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-01

    Kiser HQ ACC – A7/K Langley AFB, VA 7. Col Marvin Smith HQ AFCENT – A7 Shaw AFB, SC 8. Lt Col Timothy Hawkins Naval Postgraduate School...Colonel Marvin Smith – for providing the necessary resources for us to go on the PMA trip • Colonel Scott Kiser – for selecting us to accompany Maj...closest to the originating location of the supply chain, which is usually in the contiguous United States. USAFCENT, based out of Shaw Air Force Base

  16. High-energy bilateral talar neck fractures secondary to motocross injury.

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, S L; Harpaz, N T; Jolly, G P; Gorecki, G A

    1999-01-01

    The authors present a case of bilateral Hawkins type II talar neck fractures sustained during a motocross race in a 23 year old man. Due to the complexity of the injuries, open reduction with internal fixation and primary subtalar joint arthrodesis was performed bilaterally. This is one of the few cases of bilateral talar neck fractures reported in the literature in the past 15 years and one of the first utilizing open reduction and internal fixation with concomitant subtalar joint arthrodesis as a primary treatment.

  17. "Eliitüksus" võitis Kuldkaru Brasiilia võimude kiuste / Kristiina Davidjants

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Davidjants, Kristiina, 1974-

    2008-01-01

    Berliini 58. filmifestivali auhinnasaajatest : Kuldkaru võitis Brasiilia produtsendi ja režissööri Jose Padilha mängufilm "Eliitrühm", Hõbekaru USA režissööri Errol Morrise dokfilm "Tavaprotseduur". Parima režissööri Hõbekaru läks Paul Thomas Andersonile mängufilmi "Veri hakkab voolama" eest. Parima näitleja auhinna said Sally Hawkins ja Reza Naji. Ka A. Wajda filmist "Katõn"

  18. Observation of a Novel Low-Lying Excited State in Zinc Complexes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-01-22

    Truesdell and G. A. Crosby * Prepared for Publication In The Journal of the American Chemical Society Washington State University Chemical Physics Program...spin signature has not yet been determined. 14 J J- I.F. ...r at.ion/___.. Ielt I, ty Codes Av-*l and/er This work supported in part by the Office of...REFERENCES (I) -Bray, R. G.; Ferguson, J.; Hawkins, C. J. Aust. J. Chem. 1969, 22, 2091. (2) Highland, R. G.; Crosby, G.A. Manuscript In preparation . (3

  19. "Berlinale 2008" - küll jahe, aga lahe! / Annika Koppel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koppel, Annika

    2008-01-01

    Berliini 58. filmifestivali auhinnasaajatest : Kuldkaru võitis Brasiilia produtsendi ja režissööri Jose Padilha mängufilm "Eliitrühm", Hõbekaru USA režissööri Errol Morrise dokfilm "Tavaprotseduur". Parima režissööri Hõbekaru läks Paul Thomas Andersonile mängufilmi "Veri hakkab voolama" eest. Parima näitleja auhinna said Sally Hawkins ja Reza Naji, Alfred Baueri auhinna sai Fernando Eimbcke "Tahoe järv"

  20. Meteor Streams and Parent Bodies

    CERN Document Server

    Klacka, J

    1999-01-01

    Problem of meteor orbit determination for a given parent body is discussed. Some of the published methods for obtaining meteoroid's orbital elements at the moment of intersecting Earth's orbit on the basis of geometrical variation of parent body's orbital elements are discussed. The main result concerns the following two facts: i) in real situations physical quantities for the change of orbital elements of the parent body must be used, and, ii) the usage of Southworth and Hawkins (1963) D-criterion yields results not corresponding to observations.

  1. A GIS based district information system for water resources management and planning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tzabiras, John; Spiliotopoulos, Marios; Kokkinos, Kostantinos; Fafoutis, Chrysostomos; Sidiropoulos, Pantelis; Vasiliades, Lampros; Loukas, Athanasios; Mylopoulos, Nikitas

    2014-05-01

    developed based on the actual situation of the surface irrigation network of the Local Administration of Land Reclamation (LALR) of Pinios river in Greece (Pinios LALR) for the year 2007. The system was calibrated with observed data of that year and the district parameterization was conducted based on the actual operation of the network. Hydraulic model output showed that the water pumped from Pinios LALR is not enough to serve irrigation requirements. Furthermore, the water evaluation and planning model (WEAP) respectively projects the same output since water demand is not covered. Four alternative scenarios were developed to be studied with the DIS: (a) Reduction of channel losses, (b) Alteration of irrigation methods (c) Introduction of greenhouse cultivation and (d) Operation of the future Lake Karla network, this network is designed to fulfil the irrigation needs of agricultural land around the reconstructed Lake Karla reservoir and the water is pumped from the Lake Karla reservoir and is being distributed through a low pressured piped network. The results showed that the water demand variants according to the scenario in study. Simulation of the four alternative scenarios indicated that the alteration of irrigation methods scenario mainly increases the efficiency of the irrigation network.

  2. Interação genótipo x ambiente em cultivares de alface na região de Jaboticabal Interaction genotype x environment of lettuce cultivars in Jaboticabal, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo B. de Figueiredo

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available Estudou-se a interação genótipo x ambiente de doze cultivares de alface, sendo quatro do grupo lisa (Babá de Verão, Karla, Nacional e Elisa, quatro do grupo crespa (Simpson, Hortência, Verônica e Grand Rapids e quatro do grupo americana (Laidy, Tainá, Lucy Brown e Raider. Os tratamentos foram constituídos pelo cultivo da alface em dez ambientes (casa de vegetação, túnel baixo de cultivo, túnel baixo com sombrite, agrotêxtil e campo, na presença e ausência de mulching. Foram utilizados dois períodos de cultivo, agosto a novembro de 2001 e março a junho de 2002 em Jaboticabal. Cada experimento (ambiente de cultivo foi conduzido utilizando-se o delineamento de blocos casualizados, com doze cultivares e três repetições. A análise de variância conjunta demonstrou valores de F significativos (pWe evaluated the interaction genotype x environment of twelve genotypes of lettuce (Babá de Verão, Karla, Nacional, Elisa, Simpson, Hortência, Verônica, Grand Rapids, Laidy, Tainá, Lucy Brown and Raider, cultivated under greenhouse, low tunnel, low tunnel covered with black plastic screen, floating row cover (light-weight woven and open field. All these treatments were conducted with and without mulching with ten treatments in total. The experiments were conducted in two different periods (August to November, 2001 and March to June, 2002. Each experiment (growth environment was conducted using randomized blocks and three replicates. The measured variables were dry matter, volume and number of leaves. The value of F was significant (p<0,01 for the interaction genotype x environment. For the planting period from August to November/2001, the best results were obtained with the butterhead cultivars (Babá de Verão, Karla, Nacional, Elisa, cultivated under greenhouse with mulching, low tunnel without mulching and field without mulching. All cultivars had the worst performance when cultivated under tunnel with black plastic screen with or

  3. Retention and Curve Number Variability in a Small Agricultural Catchment: The Probabilistic Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kazimierz Banasik

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The variability of the curve number (CN and the retention parameter (S of the Soil Conservation Service (SCS-CN method in a small agricultural, lowland watershed (23.4 km2 to the gauging station in central Poland has been assessed using the probabilistic approach: distribution fitting and confidence intervals (CIs. Empirical CNs and Ss were computed directly from recorded rainfall depths and direct runoff volumes. Two measures of the goodness of fit were used as selection criteria in the identification of the parent distribution function. The measures specified the generalized extreme value (GEV, normal and general logistic (GLO distributions for 100-CN and GLO, lognormal and GEV distributions for S. The characteristics estimated from theoretical distribution (median, quantiles were compared to the tabulated CN and to the antecedent runoff conditions of Hawkins and Hjelmfelt. The distribution fitting for the whole sample revealed a good agreement between the tabulated CN and the median and between the antecedent runoff conditions (ARCs of Hawkins and Hjelmfelt, which certified a good calibration of the model. However, the division of the CN sample due to heavy and moderate rainfall depths revealed a serious inconsistency between the parameters mentioned. This analysis proves that the application of the SCS-CN method should rely on deep insight into the probabilistic properties of CN and S.

  4. Ocean and atmosphere feedbacks affecting AMOC hysteresis in a GCM

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jackson, L. C.; Smith, R. S.; Wood, R. A.

    2016-10-01

    Theories suggest that the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC) can exhibit a hysteresis where, for a given input of fresh water into the north Atlantic, there are two possible states: one with a strong overturning in the north Atlantic (on) and the other with a reverse Atlantic cell (off). A previous study showed hysteresis of the AMOC for the first time in a coupled general circulation model (Hawkins et al. in Geophys Res Lett. doi: 10.1029/2011GL047208, 2011). In this study we show that the hysteresis found by Hawkins et al. (2011) is sensitive to the method with which the fresh water input is compensated. If this compensation is applied throughout the volume of the global ocean, rather than at the surface, the region of hysteresis is narrower and the off states are very different: when the compensation is applied at the surface, a strong Pacific overturning cell and a strong Atlantic reverse cell develops; when the compensation is applied throughout the volume there is little change in the Pacific and only a weak Atlantic reverse cell develops. We investigate the mechanisms behind the transitions between the on and off states in the two experiments, and find that the difference in hysteresis is due to the different off states. We find that the development of the Pacific overturning cell results in greater atmospheric moisture transport into the North Atlantic, and also is likely responsible for a stronger Atlantic reverse cell. These both act to stabilize the off state of the Atlantic overturning.

  5. Community Mobilization and Readiness: Planning Flaws which Challenge Effective Implementation of 'Communities that Care' (CTC) Prevention System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basic, Josipa

    2015-01-01

    This article reviews the experience of implementing a community approach to drug use and youth delinquency prevention based on the 'Communities that Care' (CTC) system implemented in one Croatian county consisting of 12 communities, 2002 to 2013 (Hawkins, 1999; Hawkins & Catalano, 2004). This overview explores selected critical issues which are often not considered in substance use(r) community intervention planning, implementation as well as in associated process and outcome assessments. These issues include, among others, the mobilization process of adequate representation of people; the involvement of relevant key individual and organizational stakeholders and being aware of the stakeholders' willingness to participate in the prevention process. In addition, it is important to be aware of the stakeholders' knowledge and perceptions about the 'problems' of drug use and youth delinquency in their communities as well as the characteristics of the targeted population(s). Sometimes there are community members and stakeholders who block needed change and therefore prevention process enablers and 'bridges' should be involved in moving prevention programming forward. Another barrier that is often overlooked in prevention planning is community readiness to change and a realistic assessment of available and accessible resources for initiating the planned change(s) and sustaining them. All of these issues have been found to be potentially related to intervention success. At the end of this article, I summarize perspectives from prevention scientists and practitioners and lessons learned from communities' readiness research and practice in Croatian that has international relevance.

  6. Performance characteristics of postacute traumatic brain injury patients on the WAIS-III and WMS-III.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Axelrod, B N; Fichtenberg, N L; Liethen, P C; Czarnota, M A; Stucky, K

    2001-12-01

    Publication of the third editions of the Wechsler intelligence and memory batteries in 1997 created a need for research identifying Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Third Edition/Wechsler Memory Scale-Third Edition (WAIS-III/WMS-III) profile patterns associated with neuropathology. The WAIS-III/WMS-III Technical Manual offers data on various diagnostic groups, including traumatic brain injury (TBI). Hawkins (1998) employed Technical Manual data to propose certain diagnostic guidelines. In order to validate the conclusions put forth by Hawkins as they apply to brain injury, we examined WAIS-III and WMS-III profiles in an independent sample of 46 TBI cases. As expected, the WAIS-III Processing Speed Index (PSI) was more sensitive to brain injury than other WAIS-III composites; and specific WAIS-III scores were stronger than certain WMS-III scores. On the other hand, the predicted relationship for WMS-III auditory and visual indexes was not found. The lack of specificity for TBI of the proposed index comparisons confirms the need to validate such hypotheses in independent samples.

  7. OR Successes Run the Gamut, From Concrere to Kidneys%从水泥到肾脏,都有运筹学成功的足迹

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Barry A.Cipra; 刘宝光

    2005-01-01

    Karla Hoffman在谈论运筹学的具体应用时,她并非夸张.最近3年中,Hoffman和她的在弗吉尼亚州的乔治梅森(George Mason)大学的博士生Martin Durbin,已经为美国第7大水泥公司弗吉尼亚水泥公司(Virginia Concrete)开发了一个运筹学模型.在于本年度4月25日至27日在麻萨诸塞州坎布里奇举行的运筹学和管理科学学会(INFORMS)的学术会议上,Hoffman在题为“30吨载重卡车的舞蹈”的报告中,描述了他们的工作.

  8. Í gegnum kynjagleraugun. Karlar, konur og námsefni í íslensku frá Námsgagnastofnun

    OpenAIRE

    Ellen Klara Eyjólfsdóttir 1962

    2014-01-01

    Það hefur mikið verið rætt um jafnrétti í námsefni undanfarin ár og þá sérstalega eftir útkomu skýrslu sem Jafnréttisstofa gaf út árið 2011 eftir að hafa rannsakað námsefni í sögu frá Námsgagnastofnun og fann út að verulega hallaði á hlut kvenna í námsefninu. Markmið með þessari ritgerð er að finna hlutfall karla og kvenna sem eru höfundar, ritstjórar og teiknarar í hluta af því námsefni sem er gefið út í íslensku hjá Námsgagnastofnun fyrir öll skólastig. Höfundar bóka eru skráðir og höfundar...

  9. Acceptance of Swedish e-health services

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mary-Louise Jung

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Mary-Louise Jung1, Karla Loria11Division of Industrial Marketing, e-Commerce and Logistics, Lulea University of Technology, SwedenObjective: To investigate older people’s acceptance of e-health services, in order to identify determinants of, and barriers to, their intention to use e-health.Method: Based on one of the best-established models of technology acceptance, Technology Acceptance Model (TAM, in-depth exploratory interviews with twelve individuals over 45 years of age and of varying backgrounds are conducted.Results: This investigation could find support for the importance of usefulness and perceived ease of use of the e-health service offered as the main determinants of people’s intention to use the service. Additional factors critical to the acceptance of e-health are identified, such as the importance of the compatibility of the services with citizens’ needs and trust in the service provider. Most interviewees expressed positive attitudes towards using e-health and find these services useful, convenient, and easy to use.Conclusion: E-health services are perceived as a good complement to traditional health care service delivery, even among older people. These people, however, need to become aware of the e-health alternatives that are offered to them and the benefits they provide.Keywords: health services, elderly, technology, Internet, TAM, patient acceptance, health-seeking behavior

  10. la Trinchera

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Verónica Valenzuela

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available El hilo conductor de los textos de esta sección está formado por las reflexiones de colaboradoras estrechas de la revista, desde sus mismas entrañas y recovecos. Verónica Valenzuela, primera coordinadora editorial de ESCC, rememora la aventura (y la hazaña de iniciar una revista académica hace dos décadas desde Colima. Ana B. Uribe recupera sus experiencias como segunda coordinadora editorial para repensar su formación académica al interior del Programa Cultura. Karla Y. Covarrubias, vuelve a recorrer el largo y sinuoso camino que hubo de andar para aprender a escribir para el campo cultural. Lupita Chávez discute el término «cultura» de acuerdo al planteamiento de los criterios editoriales de ESCC. Tere Quinto discute los retos de la dictaminación. Anajose Cuevas presenta su visión de en qué forma ESCC contribuyó a formar tres generaciones de investigadores.

  11. hasta el México imaginado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Delgado Castro

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available La celebración del aniversario XVIII de la revista sirvió para conmemorar también los diez años de ¡Cuéntame en qué se quedó...! La telenovela como fenómeno social, libro escrito por Karla Y. Covarrubias, Ana B. Uribe y Angélica Bautista, producto de su tesis de licenciatura en comunicación, ganadora del concurso nacional convocado por CONEICC. El trabajo reflexiona sobre los procesos de recepción televisiva, en particular de telenovelas en familias colimenses apoyado en una metodología cualitativa. Asimismo, incluimos en este apartado es una síntesis de la conferencia que impartió Ana B. Uribe sobre la recepción de telenovelas por inmigrantes mexicanos residentes en Los Ángeles, California. Resume su investigación de doctorado, ganadora del Premio a la mejor tesis en Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades, 2003 por la Academia Mexicana de Ciencias.

  12. Application of spiral CT image 3D reconstruction in severe talar neck fracture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HE Fei; HUANG He; DENG Ya-min; Wang Bing; ZHANG Chun-qiang; ZHAO Zhi; TANG Xi-zhang; ZHOU Zhao-wen; ZHAO Xue-ling

    2007-01-01

    Objective:To explore the application of the spiral computerized tomography (CT) image three-dimensional(3D ) reconstruction technique associated with the conventional radiography in the diagnosis and treatment of severe talar neck fracture. Methods:Using the multi-slice spiral CT image 3D reconstruction technique,we analysed 11 cases of talar neck fracture.The fractures were reduced and fixed through a minimal incision and internal fixation with titanium cannulated lag screws. Results:In the 11 cases,the results of CT image 3D reconstruction were in concordance with plain radiograph in 6 case of Hawkins type H.And the remaining 5 cases of Hawkins types Ⅲ and Ⅳ could not be classified exactly only by radiographs,one of whom was misdiagnosed.After using the CT image 3D reconstruction,the 5 cases were classified exactly before osteosynthesis.The classifications of these 11 cases were confirmed finally by surgical findings.The duration of operation were 45-140 min,averaging 81min (including the duration of C-arm fluoroscopy).X-ray exposure time was 6-58 seconds,averaging 22 seconds.The blood loss was less than 100 ml.The fracture union was achieved in 3 months. No nonunion, talus avascular necrosis or joint surface collapse occurred.Postoperative follow-up was from 1 to 25 months.According to Hawkins score,excellent result was found in 6 type Ⅱ cases and 1type Ⅲ case;good result in 1 type Ⅲ case with both medial and lateral malleolar fracture,1 type Ⅲ with medial malleolus fractures and 1 open type Ⅲ;fair result in 1 open type Ⅳ with lateral malleolus fracture. Conclusions:By using the multi-slice spiral CT image 3D reconstruction associated with radiography to diagnose and treat severe talar neck fractures,the accuracy of diagnosis can be improved obviously. Based on this technique,more consummate operational plan can be designed and performed so as to achieve a better therapeutic effect.

  13. Investigation of an empirical probability measure based test for multivariate normality

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Booker, J.M.; Johnson, M.E.; Beckman, R.J.

    1984-01-01

    Foutz (1980) derived a goodness of fit test for a hypothesis specifying a continuous, p-variate distribution. The test statistic is both distribution-free and independent of p. In adapting the Foutz test for multivariate normality, we consider using chi/sup 2/ and rescaled beta variates in constructing statistically equivalent blocks. The Foutz test is compared to other multivariate normality tests developed by Hawkins (1981) and Malkovich and Afifi (1973). The set of alternative distributions tested include Pearson type II and type VII, Johnson translations, Plackett, and distributions arising from Khintchine's theorem. Univariate alternatives from the general class developed by Johnson et al. (1980) were also used. An empirical study confirms the independence of the test statistic on p even when parameters are estimated. In general, the Foutz test is less conservative under the null hypothesis but has poorer power under most alternatives than the other tests.

  14. Marked Subchondral Bandlike Osteopenia on Radiography after Trauma and Inactivity: A Report of four Cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Gossner

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available We report about four cases of marked subchondral osteopenia on followup radiography after trauma and prolonged disuse. This localized form of disuse osteopenia has not been reported in details beside the followup imaging of talar neck fractures, where it is known as the “Hawkins sign.” Due to its unique morphology, it can be easily recognized as a benign finding in posttraumatic followup imaging and can be morphologically distinguished from severe complications like complex regional pain syndrome type 1 (Sudeck's disease or periarticular osteopenia in infectious arthritis. It is important for the radiologist and orthopaedic surgeon to be aware of this form of disuse osteopenia in the proper clinical context.

  15. Final performance report for Project JEM

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McKinney, M.J.; Jenkins, S.

    1997-12-31

    Project JEM (Jarvis Enhancement of Males) is a pre-college program directed toward stimulating disadvantaged, talented African American males in grades four, five, and six to attend college and major in mathematics, science, computer science, or related technical areas needed by the US Department of Energy. Twenty young African American male students were recruited from Gladewater Independent School District (ISD), Longview ISD, Hawkins ISD, Tyler ISD, Winona ISD and big Sandy ISD. Students enrolled in the program range from ages 10 to 13 and are in grades four, five and six. Student participants in the 1997 Project JEM Program attended Saturday Academy sessions and a four week intensive, summer residential program. The information here provides a synopsis of the activities which were conducted through each program component.

  16. A Corpus-Based Investigation of Definite Description Use

    CERN Document Server

    Poesio, M; Poesio, Massimo; Vieira, Renata

    1997-01-01

    We present the results of a study of definite descriptions use in written texts aimed at assessing the feasibility of annotating corpora with information about definite description interpretation. We ran two experiments, in which subjects were asked to classify the uses of definite descriptions in a corpus of 33 newspaper articles, containing a total of 1412 definite descriptions. We measured the agreement among annotators about the classes assigned to definite descriptions, as well as the agreement about the antecedent assigned to those definites that the annotators classified as being related to an antecedent in the text. The most interesting result of this study from a corpus annotation perspective was the rather low agreement (K=0.63) that we obtained using versions of Hawkins' and Prince's classification schemes; better results (K=0.76) were obtained using the simplified scheme proposed by Fraurud that includes only two classes, first-mention and subsequent-mention. The agreement about antecedents was al...

  17. Destroying the event horizon of regular black holes

    CERN Document Server

    Li, Zilong

    2013-01-01

    Recently, several authors have studied the possibility of overspinning or overcharging an existing black hole to destroy its event horizon and make the central singularity naked. When all the effects are properly taken into account, any attempt to destroy the black hole seems to be doomed to fail, in agreement with the weak cosmic censorship conjecture. In this letter, we study the possibility of destroying the event horizon of regular black holes. These objects have no central singularity and therefore they are not protected by the cosmic censorship hypothesis. Our results strongly support the conclusion that regular black holes can be destroyed. If we believe that the central singularity in astrophysical black holes is solved by quantum gravity effects, we might have a chance to see the black hole's internal region and observe quantum gravity phenomena. As our finding implies the violation of the black hole's area theorem, the collision of two black holes may release an amount of energy exceeding the Hawkin...

  18. Interrupting Rivaling Access-flow with Nonsurgical Image-guided ligation: the "IRANI" Procedure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cui, Jie; Freed, Robert; Liu, Fengyong; Irani, Zubin

    2015-01-01

    The presence of collateral veins is one of the most common causes of fistula failure to mature. The traditional approach to eliminate collateral vessel flow is coil embolization under fluoroscopy or surgical cut down and branch vessel ligation. However, both approaches are expensive and time consuming. Here, we described an image-guided nonsurgical method to ligate collateral veins. The collateral veins were ligated using Hawkins-Akins needle under ultrasound guidance. The average time for one ligation procedure was 17 minutes. There was a significant increase of blood flow in the venous outflow postligation procedure. Four weeks postprocedure ultrasound demonstrated occlusion of the target vessels. This procedure was well tolerated without major complications. In summary, the novel procedure described here offers an image-guided nonsurgical approach for collateral vein occlusion.

  19. New meteor showers identified in the CAMS and SonotaCo meteoroid orbit surveys

    CERN Document Server

    Rudawska, Regina

    2014-01-01

    A cluster analysis was applied to the combined meteoroid orbit database derived from low-light level video observations by the SonotaCo consortium in Japan (64,650 meteors observed between 2007 and 2009) and by the Cameras for All-sky Meteor Surveillance (CAMS) project in California, during its first year of operation (40,744 meteors from Oct. 21, 2010 to Dec. 31, 2011). The objective was to identify known and potentially new meteoroid streams and identify their parent bodies. The database was examined by a single-linking algorithm using the Southworth and Hawkins D-criterion to identify similar orbits, with a low criterion threshold of D < 0.05. A minimum member threshold of 6 produced a total of 88 meteoroid streams. 43 are established streams and 45 are newly identified streams. The newly identified streams were included as numbers 448-502 in the IAU Meteor Shower Working List. Potential parent bodies are proposed.

  20. A Rigorous Sharp Interface Limit of a Diffuse Interface Model Related to Tumor Growth

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rocca, Elisabetta; Scala, Riccardo

    2017-06-01

    In this paper, we study the rigorous sharp interface limit of a diffuse interface model related to the dynamics of tumor growth, when a parameter ɛ, representing the interface thickness between the tumorous and non-tumorous cells, tends to zero. More in particular, we analyze here a gradient-flow-type model arising from a modification of the recently introduced model for tumor growth dynamics in Hawkins-Daruud et al. (Int J Numer Math Biomed Eng 28:3-24, 2011) (cf. also Hilhorst et al. Math Models Methods Appl Sci 25:1011-1043, 2015). Exploiting the techniques related to both gradient flows and gamma convergence, we recover a condition on the interface Γ relating the chemical and double-well potentials, the mean curvature, and the normal velocity.

  1. Prevention of avascular necrosis in displaced talar neck fractures by hyperbaric oxygenation therapy: A dual case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mei-Dan O

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Talar neck fractures are a rare injury that account for less then 2% of all foot fractures. Displaced fractures are associated with an exceedingly high rate of avascular necrosis (AVN. The incidence of AVN following Hawkins Type 3 fractures of the talar neck may approach 100%, particularly if diagnosis and reduction are delayed. Severe cases may present as pain and disability of the ankle and the subtalar joints due to a talar dome collapse, resulting in degenerative changes that usually require hind foot arthrodesis. We present two cases of traumatic displaced talar neck fractures which were treated surgically more than 2 weeks following injury due to a delay in diagnosis. Both patients underwent hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT after the operation and neither resulted in AVN of the talus in a three-year follow-up. We suggest that this favorable result may be due to the beneficial effects of HBOT.

  2. Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-127- Eugene-Alvey#2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sherer, Brett M. [Bonneville Power Administration (BPA), Portland, OR (United States)

    2003-02-19

    BPA proposes to remove unwanted vegetation along the right-of-way, access roads, and around tower structures of the subject transmission line corridor that may impede the operation and maintenance of the identified transmission lines. BPA plans to conduct vegetation control with the goal of removing tall growing vegetation that is currently or will soon be a hazard to the transmission line. BPA’s overall goal is to have low-growing plant communities along the rights-of-way to control the development of potentially threatening vegetation. Vegetation Management for the Eugene-Alvey 115 kV transmission line from structure 7/1 through structure 12/2m, and along portions of the following adjacent transmission lines: Hawkins-Alvey 115KV and Alvey-Lane 115KV.

  3. Comparative Study of Various Techniques on Outlier Detection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K, Varma Mamta and Rajesh Nigam

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Diverse patterns from web data, commonly referred to as web outliers or exceptional cases or noise; exist in many real-world databases. Detection of such outliers is important for numerous applications, such as detecting criminal activities in E-commerce. Outliers are data objects with different characteristics compared to other data objects. Formal definition of outliers is given by D.Hawkins. as “An Outlier is an observation that deviates so much from other observations so that it arouses suspicion that it is generated by a different mechanism”. Detection of such outliers (outlier mining is important for numerous applications, such as detecting criminal activities in E-commerce, video surveillance, weather prediction, intrusion detection and pharmaceutical research. This paper has focus on comparative study of various techniques on Outlier Detection.

  4. Vowel Formants and Angle Measurements in Diachronic Sociophonetic Studies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fabricius, Anne

    2007-01-01

    This paper examines vowel formant data from a corpus of recordings of male speakers of RP born during the course of the twentieth century. It compares average formant positions in the F1/F2 plane for the short vowel FOOT in juxtaposition with LOT (for this Keyword notation see Wells [12......]). The relative positions of the two vowels are represented by a single numerical value, which is the calculated angle from LOT to FOOT relative to the vertical. Changing angle values between the early and the later part of the twentieth century reflect a diachronic process of FOOT-fronting and unrounding which...... is well documented in varieties of British English, such as Torgersen and Kerswill [10], including RP, as in Hawkins and Midgley [6]. The paper also demonstrates the versatility of an angle calculation method (Fabricius [3]), used in combination with F1/F2 plots, in producing replicable quantified...

  5. The listener in music historiography, 1776-1928

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wessel, Jan Andreas

    ). There are a number of different issues that converge on the figure of the listener. Apart from the activity of listening, the listener also provides the focal point of ideas on musical effect, taste, judgment etc., all of which, in different ways, refer to the relation between listener and music. Another set......The present thesis is a study on the listener in music historiography. More specifically, it presents an investigation – based on the analysis of a selected group of texts – of the various contexts in which the listener appears during a span of approximately 150 years from the late 18th century...... to the early 20th century. The primary sources of my study are the music histories of John Hawkins (1776), Charles Burney (1776), Johann Nikolaus Forkel (1788 & 1801) and August Wilhelm Ambros (1862), as well as three journal articles by Arnold Schering (1922 & 1928) and Heinrich Besseler (1926...

  6. Outcomes of a Multi-Component Family Enrichment Project: 12-Month Follow-up

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sara Anne Tompkins

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Previous research has established that family enrichment programs work with a variety of populations (e.g., Hawkins, Stanley, Blanchard, & Albright, 2012. It is unclear if a multi-component program focusing on a variety of family outcomes can lead to lasting change. This study used growth modeling to examine effects of relationship (i.e., Within My Reach, parenting (i.e., Making Parenting a Pleasure, and financial enrichment (i.e., Spend Some, Save Some, Share Some classes over 12 months. Results revealed improvement in family functioning at one year post for all three programs. Program specific improvements included relationship functioning and parenting alliance. Program participants reported overall satisfaction and gaining of valuable skills. Findings suggest these family enrichment programs can have long-lasting effects; potential reasons for sample success and implications are discussed.

  7. Early elementary school-aged child attachment to parents: a test of theory and implications for intervention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oxford, M L; Harachi, T W; Catalano, R F; Haggerty, K P; Abbott, R D

    2000-06-01

    Child attachment to parents has been shown in the literature to reduce the likelihood of problem behaviors through enhancing resiliency. Research examining attachment and its relationship to antisocial behavioral outcomes in adolescents has been shaped largely by social control theorists who have theorized that attachment to prosocial others inhibits the expression of antisocial behavioral outcomes (Hirschi, 1969). This paper seeks to expand the literature by investigating the development of child attachment to parent(s) during the early elementary school years as specified theoretically by the social development model (Catalano & Hawkins, 1996). Using structural equation modeling, the results support the theoretical model as proposed by the social development model. School-aged children's attachment to parents can be successfully predicted by constructs outlined in the social development model. Finally, implications for interventions that enhance child attachment to parent(s) are discussed.

  8. Differentiated teaching and teacher development

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hedegaard-Sørensen, Lotte

    ). From this emphasis inclusive education has been embraced in the theoretical debate as an alternative as it suggests that local schools should provide for all leaners – regardless of differences, disabilities or other social, emotional, cultural and linguistic differences. The current debate on special...... needs education and inclusive education has a focus on teaching to diversity. The discussion is about teachers’ ability to make sense of individual differences in their teaching without relying on specific disability categories. It’s acknowledged in the research discussion that responding to differences...... between pupils involves good teaching for all (inclusive education) and at the same time, that what works for most does not work for all (Norwich & Jones, 2012; Black-Hawkins, Florian & Rouse, 2007). Differentiated instruction is defined as responsive instruction and to teachers’ proficiency...

  9. Positive family relationships and religious affiliation as mediators between negative environment and illicit drug symptoms in American Indian adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Mansoo; Stiffman, Arlene R

    2010-07-01

    The present study tests how positive family relationships and religious affiliation mediate between negative familial and social environments, and adolescent illicit drug abuse/dependence symptoms. The theoretical framework is based on an integration of two theories: the ecological model of human development (Bronfenbrenner, 1979) and the social development model (Hawkins & Weis, 1985). We used a stratified random sample of 401 American Indian adolescents. A path analysis tested the integrative theoretical model. Findings showed that positive family relationships mediated the negative impact of addicted family members, violence victimization, and negative school environment on illicit drug abuse/dependence symptoms. Religious affiliation mediated the negative effect of deviant peers on positive family relationships. Intervention and prevention efforts may benefit from promoting positive family relationships and religious affiliation to reduce the impact of complex familial and social problems on illicit drug symptoms.

  10. Meteor Stream Membership Criteria

    CERN Document Server

    Klacka, J

    2000-01-01

    Criteria for the membership of individual meteors in meteor streams are discussed from the point of view of their mathematical and also physical properties. Discussion is also devoted to the motivation. It is shown that standardly used criteria (mainly D-criterion of Southworth and Hawkins, 1963) have unusual mathematical properties in the sense of a term ``distance'', between points in a phase space, and, physical motivation and realization for the purpose of obtaining their final form is not natural and correct, and, moreover, they lead also to at least surprising astrophysical results. General properties of possible criteria are discussed. A new criterion for the membership in meteor streams is suggested. It is based on probability theory. Finally, a problem of meteor orbit determination for known parent body is discussed.

  11. Comets 169P/NEAT and P/2003 T12 (SOHO): Two possible fragments of a common ancestor?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sosa, Andrea; Fernández, Julio Angel

    2015-08-01

    In a recent work we analyzed the orbit evolution of Jupiter family comets in near-Earth orbits, and found some comets moving on highly stable orbits, like the near-Earth asteroids (Fernández & Sosa 2015). Two of them actually show almost identical orbits; they are the comets 169P/NEAT and P/2003 T12 (SOHO). Comet 169P seems to be a few km-sized, almost inactive body, while P/2003 T12 would be a very small comet, with a sub-km radius nucleus. We performed extended orbital integrations for the past 100,000 yr to further study their dynamical evolution. We found that the orbital parameters remain stable for several thousand years, with a well defined absolute minimum of their relative spatial distance around 2900 yr in the past, coincident with a low value of the relative velocity. This spatial minimum is in a remarkable good agreement with the results obtained by means of other methods to study common origins between pairs of asteroids (Vokrouhlicky & Nesvorny 2008, Southworth & Hawkins 1963), and to test a comet-meteor shower association (Drummond 1981). Our results support the hypothesis of a breakup of a parent body, that ocurred about 2900 yr ago, as the most probable origin for the studied pair of comets. Possible fragmentation mechanisms, like thermal stress, rotational instability, or colisions, are briefly discussed.References:Drumond J.D. 1981. Icarus 45, 545-553.Fernández J.A., & Sosa A. 2015. Submitted to Planetary & Space Science.Southworth R.B., & Hawkins, G.S. 1963. Smithson. Contrib. Astrophys. 7, 261-285Vokrouhlicky D., & Nesvorny D. 2008. Astron. J. 136, 280-290.

  12. Optimal distributed control of a diffuse interface model of tumor growth

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colli, Pierluigi; Gilardi, Gianni; Rocca, Elisabetta; Sprekels, Jürgen

    2017-06-01

    In this paper, a distributed optimal control problem is studied for a diffuse interface model of tumor growth which was proposed by Hawkins-Daruud et al in Hawkins-Daruud et al (2011 Int. J. Numer. Math. Biomed. Eng. 28 3-24). The model consists of a Cahn-Hilliard equation for the tumor cell fraction φ coupled to a reaction-diffusion equation for a function σ representing the nutrient-rich extracellular water volume fraction. The distributed control u monitors as a right-hand side of the equation for σ and can be interpreted as a nutrient supply or a medication, while the cost function, which is of standard tracking type, is meant to keep the tumor cell fraction under control during the evolution. We show that the control-to-state operator is Fréchet differentiable between appropriate Banach spaces and derive the first-order necessary optimality conditions in terms of a variational inequality involving the adjoint state variables. The financial support of the FP7-IDEAS-ERC-StG #256872 (EntroPhase) and of the project Fondazione Cariplo-Regione Lombardia MEGAsTAR ‘Matematica d’Eccellenza in biologia ed ingegneria come accelleratore di una nuona strateGia per l’ATtRattività dell’ateneo pavese’ is gratefully acknowledged. The paper also benefited from the support of the MIUR-PRIN Grant 2015PA5MP7 ‘Calculus of Variations’ for PC and GG, and the GNAMPA (Gruppo Nazionale per l’Analisi Matematica, la Probabilità e le loro Applicazioni) of INdAM (Istituto Nazionale di Alta Matematica) for PC, GG and ER.

  13. FRACTURA-LUXACIÓN DE ASTRÁGALO. A PROPÓSITO DE UN CASO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Héctor Blanco Placencia

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available RESUMENLas fracturas del astrágalo se encierran entre las lesiones más graves del tobillo por la dificultad de su tratamiento y las importantes secuelas que pueden originar. Son lesiones poco frecuentes, ya que el astrágalo se encuentra muy bien protegido por la mortaja ósea y ligamentosa que lo mantiene en su posición anatómica. Son secundarias a traumatismos de alta energía, generalmente accidentes de tráfico y precipitaciones desde una altura.Las fracturas del cuello desplazadas son lesiones complejas que precisan una reducción y estabilización perfectas para lograr un resultado satisfactorio. Se presenta un caso con fractura del cuello del astrágalo Tipo III de Hawkins, tratada mediante reducción abierta y osteosíntesis con alambres de Kirschner. Los resultados fueron satisfactorios. ABSTRACT:The fractures of the talus are contained among the most serious lesions in the ankle by the difficulty of their treatment and the important sequels that can originate. They are not very frequent lesions, since the talus is very well protected by the bony shroud and ligaments that it maintains it in its anatomical position. They are secondary to traumatisms of high energy, generally traffic accidents and precipitations from a height. The fractures of the displaced neck are complex lesions that require a reduction and perfect stabilization to achieve a satisfactory result. A case is presented with fracture of the neck of the talus Type III of Hawkins, tried by means of open reduction and fixation with wires of Kirschner. The results were satisfactory.

  14. Análisis de la continuidad espacial de datos hidrogeoquímicos: comparación de diferentes estimadores de la función variograma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chica Olmo, M.

    1992-08-01

    Full Text Available Determination of the spatial continuity by means of variogram function implies to treat with variables not following ideal conditions for applying the classic and traditional estimator of variogram function. This estimator performs very well for normal processes, regular and representative sampling and absence of outliers. In this paper we make a revision of three alternative methods to perform estimation of variogram values: Cressie and Hawkins estimator and two univariate weighting estimators, one based on the Cumulative Distribution Function and other based on the Probability Density Function. A hydrogeochemical data set from Es un hecho frecuente que al analizar la continuidad espacial de una variable regionalizada, ésta presente características diferentes de las consideradas ideales para aplicar el estimador clásico y tradicional de la función variograma. El estimador del variograma, a partir de las diferencias cuadráticas medias de la variable, se presenta como óptimo cuando la variable cumple una serie de condiciones tales como normalidad de la distribución, muestreo regular y representativo o no existencia de «outliers», que a veces en la práctica no se verifican. Por esta razón es importante analizar la continuidad espacial a través de otros estimadores de la función variograma. En este trabajo se estudian tres estimadores alternativos de dicha función: el estimador de Cressie y Hawkins y dos estimadores de ponderación univariante, uno basado en la Función de Distribución Acumulada y el otro basado en la Función de Densidad de Probabilidad. Para ilustrar la utilidad de estos estimadores alternativos al tratar variables alejadas de las condiciones ideales, se han aplicado a un conjunto de datos hidrogeoquímicos procedentes del acuífero de la Vega de Granada, cuyos resultados se describen en el texto.

  15. Head size and growth in the very preterm infant: a literature review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lee KA

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Karla A Lee, Breda C Hayes Rotunda Hospital, Dublin 1, Leinster, Ireland Objective: To review the literature investigating head size and examine head growth in relation to neurodevelopmental outcomes and neuroimaging data in the very preterm infant.Methods: Systematic literature review of studies published in the following databases: PubMed/Medline, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health (CINAHL, and Excerpta Medica dataBASE (EMBASE. Studies in the English language published between January 2005 and August 2013 were examined. Subjects were infants born at ≤32 weeks of gestation. Main outcome measures included head growth, neurodevelopmental outcomes, and correlation between head size and neuroimaging.Results: Thirty-four articles comprising 9,394 infants met inclusion/exclusion criteria. Of these, 31 studies (6,592 subjects report head growth data measured at two or more time points. Neurodevelopmental outcome at ≥2 years was reported by eleven studies (3,817 subjects. Nine studies (2,363 subjects included neuroimaging data. Catch-up head growth was found to occur in the first year after birth. Poor nutrition was linked with poorer head growth. Small head size was associated with poor psychomotor and mental skills, higher rates of cerebral palsy, and autism. However, suboptimal head size at birth was not predictive of poor outcome, unless it persisted. Head size appears to correlate with brain volume at term. Associations between white matter abnormalities have been found by ultrasonography. In contrast, in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI studies, gray matter seems to be the most susceptible to impairments during postnatal growth.Conclusion: Head growth in early neonatal life is of importance. Avoiding growth impairment during neonatal care may allow for optimal cortical development. Many factors impact upon early head growth, particularly appropriate nutrition. There is no

  16. An update on the management of young-onset Parkinson's disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Klepac N

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Nataša Klepac,1 Mario Habek,1 Ivan Adamec,1 Anabella Karla Barušic,1 Ivo Bach,1 Eduard Margetic,2 Ivo Lušic3 1Department of Neurology, Clinical University Hospital Zagreb, Medical School, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia; 2Department of Cardiology, Clinical University Hospital Zagreb, Medical School, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia; 3Department of Neurology, Clinical University Hospital, Medical School, University of Split, Split, Croatia Abstract: In the text that follows, we review the main clinical features, genetic characteristics, and treatment options for Parkinson's disease (PD, considering the age at onset. The clinical variability between patients with PD points at the existence of subtypes of the disease. Identification of subtypes is important, since a focus on homogenous group may lead to tailored treatment strategies. One of the factors that determine variability of clinical features of PD is age of onset. Young-onset Parkinson's disease (YOPD is defined as parkinsonism starting between the ages of 21 and 40. YOPD has a slower disease progression and a greater incidence and earlier appearance of levodopa-induced motor complications; namely, motor fluctuations and dyskinesias. Moreover, YOPD patients face a lifetime of a progressive disease with gradual worsening of quality of life and their expectations are different from those of their older counterparts. Knowing this, treatment plans and management of symptoms must be paid careful attention to in order to maintain an acceptable quality of life in YOPD patients. Keywords: therapy, clinical features, dopamine agonist, levodopa, dyskinesia

  17. Advance care planning in stroke: influence of time on engagement in the process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Green T

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Theresa Green1, Shreyas Gandhi2, Tessa Kleissen1, Jessica Simon1,3, Shelley Raffin-Bouchal1, Karla Ryckborst41Faculty of Nursing, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada; 2Health Sciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada; 3Department of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada; 4Calgary Stroke Program, Alberta Health Services, Calgary, AB, CanadaPurpose: Individuals who experience stroke have a higher likelihood of subsequent stroke events, making it imperative to plan for future medical care. In the event of a further serious health event, engaging in the process of advanced care planning (ACP can help family members and health care professionals (HCPs make medical decisions for individuals who have lost the capacity to do so. Few studies have explored the views and experiences of patients with stroke about discussing their wishes and preferences for future medical events, and the extent to which stroke HCPs engage in conversations around planning for such events. In this study, we sought to understand how the process of ACP unfolded between HCPs and patients post-stroke.Patients and methods: Using grounded theory (GT methodology, we engaged in direct observation of HCP and patient interactions on an acute stroke unit and two stroke rehabilitation units. Using semi-structured interviews, 14 patients and four HCPs were interviewed directly about the ACP process.Results: We found that open and continual ACP conversations were not taking place, patients experienced an apparent lack of urgency to engage in ACP, and HCPs were uncomfortable initiating ACP conversations due to the sensitive nature of the topic.Conclusion: In this study, we identified lack of engagement in ACP post-stroke, attributable to patient and HCP factors. This encourages us to look further into the process of ACP in order to develop open communication between the patient with stroke, their families, and stroke HCPs.Keywords: qualitative, engagement

  18. The genesis of a lava cave in the Deccan Volcanic Province (Maharashtra, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nikhil R. Pawar

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Lava tubes and channels forming lava distributaries have been recognized from different parts of western Deccan Volcanic Province (DVP. Openings of smaller dimension have been documented from the pāhoehoe flows around Pune, in the western DVP. A small lava cave is exposed in Ghoradeshwar hill, near Pune. Detailed field studies of the physical characteristics, structure and morphology of the flows hosting the lava tube has been carried out. This is the first detailed documentation of a lava cave from the DVP. The lava cave occurs in a compound pāhoehoe flow of Karla Formation, characterized by the presence of lobes, toes and small scale features like squeeze-ups. Field observations and measurements reveal that the dimensions of the cave are small, with low roof and a maximum width of 108 cm. The cave morphology along the 20 m passage varies from circular to semi-circular, with a twilight zone to the north. The gentle micro-topography at Ghoradeshwar controlled the advancement of pāhoehoe lobes and toes within the sheet lobe. The pre-flow gradients towards the north led to the progression of flow from the east, where the cave opening is presently seen. Dimensions and related morphology of the lava cave suggest that it can be best described as a small sub-crustal cave formed by draining of an inflated of pāhoehoe lava lobe. At Ghoradeshwar, besides the natural lava cave, Buddhist caves carved in pāhoehoe lava flows are also observed, indicating that early man took advantage of the existing openings in pāhoehoe flows and sculpted the caves to suit their requirements.

  19. Análisis de la estabilidad de una economía con desequilibrios sectoriales || Analysis of the Stability in an Economy with Sectoral Imbalances

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    PEREIRA LÓPEZ, XESÚS

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available La presencia de elementos negativos en el vector de inputs primarios en el contexto del marco input-output ha sido considerada un impedimento para la formulación de modelos lineales multisectoriales. Lo cierto es que si se da esta circunstancia, las correspondientes ramas productivas presentan un desequilibrio, aunque la economía en su conjunto puede ser estable a corto plazo. En este artículo se demuestra que este hecho no implica obligatoriamente un error en la elaboración de las tablas input-output ni conlleva forzosas modificaciones de las mismas para facilitar su utilización en la modelización. En efecto, se verá cómo pueden existir soluciones no negativas, sin necesidad de acudir a la clásica condición de Hawkins-Simon. Dicho de otra forma, se estudia hasta qué punto los desequilibrios sectoriales no ponen en riesgo la viabilidad del sistema económico objeto de estudio. En esa línea, se introducen varias herramientas, a modo de teoremas, para averiguar si en determinados casos existen inversas de Leontief no negativas que permitan el desarrollo y solución de los conocidos modelos de oferta y demanda input-output. También se abordan las interpretaciones económicas de las distintas matrices instrumentales utilizadas en el análisis descrito. || The presence of negative values in the primary inputs vector in the input output framework has been considered as a limitation to the development of multi-sectoral linear models. It is true that, when this circumstance happens, the industries that are related appear unbalanced, however, the whole economic system could be stable within a short time. In this paper we demonstrate that this fact does not imply an error in the construction of the input-output tables nor involves unavoidable modifications to facilitate its use in modelling. It will be shown how non-negatives solutions can appear without taking into account the classic Hawkins-Simon condition. In other words, in this paper we

  20. Variation of curve number with storm depth

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banasik, K.; Hejduk, L.

    2012-04-01

    The NRCS Curve Number (known also as SCS-CN) method is well known as a tool in predicting flood runoff depth from small ungauged catchment. The traditional way of determination the CNs, based on soil characteristics, land use and hydrological conditions, seemed to have tendency to overpredict the floods in some cases. Over 30 year rainfall-runoff data, collected in two small (A=23.4 & 82.4 km2), lowland, agricultural catchments in Center of Poland (Banasik & Woodward 2010), were used to determine runoff Curve Number and to check a tendency of changing. The observed CN declines with increasing storm size, which according recent views of Hawkins (1993) could be classified as a standard response of watershed. The analysis concluded, that using CN value according to the procedure described in USDA-SCS Handbook one receives representative value for estimating storm runoff from high rainfall depths in the analyzes catchments. This has been confirmed by applying "asymptotic approach" for estimating the watershed curve number from the rainfall-runoff data. Furthermore, the analysis indicated that CN, estimated from mean retention parameter S of recorded events with rainfall depth higher than initial abstraction, is also approaching the theoretical CN. The observed CN, ranging from 59.8 to 97.1 and from 52.3 to 95.5, in the smaller and the larger catchment respectively, declines with increasing storm size, which has been classified as a standard response of watershed. The investigation demonstrated also changeability of the CN during a year, with much lower values during the vegetation season. Banasik K. & D.E. Woodward (2010). "Empirical determination of curve number for a small agricultural watrshed in Poland". 2nd Joint Federal Interagency Conference, Las Vegas, NV, June 27 - July 1, 2010 (http://acwi.gov/sos/pubs/2ndJFIC/Contents/10E_Banasik_ 28_02_10. pdf). Hawkins R. H. (1993). "Asymptotic determination of curve numbers from data". Journal of Irrigation and Drainage

  1. Learn, how to learn

    Science.gov (United States)

    Narayanan, M.

    2002-12-01

    Ernest L. Boyer, in his 1990 book, "Scholarship Reconsidered: Priorities of the Professorate" cites some ground breaking studies and offers a new paradigm that identifies the need to recognize the growing conversation about teaching, scholarship and research in the Universities. The use of `ACORN' model suggested by Hawkins and Winter to conquer and mastering change, may offer some helpful hints for the novice professor, whose primary objective might be to teach students to `learn how to learn'. Action : It is possible to effectively change things only when a teaching professor actually tries out a new idea. Communication : Changes are successful only when the new ideas effectively communicated and implemented. Ownership : Support for change is extremely important and is critical. Only strong commitment for accepting changes demonstrates genuine leadership. Reflection : Feedback helps towards thoughtful evaluation of the changes implemented. Only reflection can provide a tool for continuous improvement. Nurture : Implemented changes deliver results only when nurtured and promoted with necessary support systems, documentation and infrastructures. Inspired by the ACORN model, the author experimented on implementing certain principles of `Total Quality Management' in the classroom. The author believes that observing the following twenty principles would indeed help the student learners how to learn, on their own towards achieving the goal of `Lifelong Learning'. The author uses an acronym : QUOTES : Quality Underscored On Teaching Excellence Strategy, to describe his methods for improving classroom teacher-learner participation. 1. Break down all barriers. 2. Create consistency of purpose with a plan. 3. Adopt the new philosophy of quality. 4. Establish high Standards. 5. Establish Targets / Goals. 6. Reduce dependence on Lectures. 7. Employ Modern Methods. 8. Control the Process. 9. Organize to reach goals. 10. Prevention vs. Correction. 11. Periodic Improvements. 12

  2. Strategically Mediated Reflective Practice Framework In Terms of Task, Meaningful Learning, and Interaction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehdi Shokouhi

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available It is widely accepted that reflective teaching in its purely cognitive and introspective sense cannot be responsive to the dilemmas and the problems with which teachers encounter during their teaching practice. Thus, the present study believes that the very tentative solution to this problem is introducing teacher education in general and reflective practice in particular from a sociocultural perspective where any sort of knowledge is dialogically constructed as a result of interaction among individuals. Although the shift in paradigm, i.e. moving from a cognitive position to a more situated and social epistemology in teacher education, has already been acknowledged and addressed by scholars such as Johnson (2006, 2009, Johnson and Golombek (2003, Golombek (2011, Freeman (2004, and Hawkins (2004, the current literature on teacher education reveals of no direct or serious attempt as a framework in which such a view has been put into practice in teacher education. As a result, the present study proposed a tentative framework under the rubric of ‘Strategically Mediated Reflective Practice’ (henceforth SMRP framework that treats reflective practice largely as an interactive process rather than an individualistic and demonstrates how reflective practice is strategically mediated with the help of more knowledgeable others and new insights emerge resulting from dialogical thinking, highlighting the Vygotskian notion of Concept development. More importantly, examining the SMRP framework with four participants, the present study evidently reports the affirmative and constructive outcome of this framework on the utilitarian ground language teaching.

  3. Investigation of meteor shower parent bodies using various metrics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dumitru, B. A.; Birlan, M.; Nedelcu, A.; Popescu, M.

    2016-01-01

    The present knowledge of meteor showers identifies the small bodies of our Solar System as supply sources for meteor streams. Both comets and asteroids are considered as the origin of meteor showers. The new paradigm of "active asteroids" opens up a large field of investigation regarding the relationships between asteroids and meteors. Processes like ejection and disaggregation at impacts, rotational instabilities, electrostatic repulsion, radiation pressure, dehydration stress followed by thermal fractures, sublimation of ices are sources of matter loss from asteroids. Our objective is to find genetic relationships between asteroids and meteor showers using metrics based on orbital elements. For this objective we selected three metrics (Southworth and Hawkins, 1963; Asher et al. 1993, and Jopek, 1993, respectively), the recent MPC database and the more recent IAU meteor shower database. From our analysis, 41 of the meteor showers have probabilities of being produced (or to be fueled) by asteroids. Our sample of asteroids contains more than 1000 objects, all of them belonging to the Near-Earth Asteroid population. The systematic approach performed, based on the physical properties of our sample, reinforced the link between asteroids and their associated meteor shower.

  4. The Taurid complex meteor showers and asteroids

    CERN Document Server

    Porubčan, V; Williams, I P

    2009-01-01

    The structure of the Taurid meteor complex based on photographic orbits available in the IAU Meteor database is studied. We have searched for potential sub-streams or filaments to be associated with the complex utilizing the Southworth-Hawkins D-criterion. Applying a strict limiting value for D=0.10, fifteen sub-streams or filaments, consisting of more than three members, could be separated out from the general complex. To confirm their mutual consistence as filaments, rather than fortuitous clumping at the present time, the orbital evolution over 5000 years of each member is studied. Utilizing the D-criterion we also searched for NEOs that might be associated with the streams and filaments of the complex and investigated the orbital evolution of potential members. Possible associations between 7 Taurid filaments and 9 NEOs were found. The most probable are for S Psc(b) -- 2003QC10, N Tau(a) -- 2004TG10, o Ori -- 2003UL3 and N Tau(b) -- 2002XM35. Some of the potential parent objects could be either dormant co...

  5. The Duchess of Kingston's Case, the ruling of Lord Mansfield and duty of medical confidentiality in court.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mendelson, Danuta

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this article is to demonstrate that the ruling commonly cited as the original precedent(1) for the doctrine that, at common law, medical practitioners' duty of confidentiality to their patients does not apply to court testimony,(2) did not, in fact, establish any such theory. The ruling by Lord Mansfield was made in the context of cross-examination by the Crown of a medical witness in the course of the trial of the Duchess of Kingston (Duchess of Kingston's Case (1776) 20 Howell's State Trials 355; [1775-1802] All ER Rep 623; [1776] 1 Leach 146), and this article will look briefly at: (1) the fascinating life of Elizabeth Chudleigh, the Dowager Duchess of Kingston, and the main events that led to her trial for bigamy; (2) the cross-examination of Caesar Hawkins and the different perceptions of the scope of confidentiality held by 18th century lawyers on the one hand and medical practitioners on the other; (3) Lord Mansfield's ruling that witnesses cannot withhold from the court facts which the law considers to be in the public domain; (4) the subsequent wide interpretation, usually as judicial obiter dicta, of its final paragraph during the 19th century, including early jurisprudential responses to the principle of medical confidentiality; and (5) the influence of John Henry Wigmore's opposition to patients' evidentiary privilege at common law during the twentieth century.

  6. [Physicians and surgeons during the inquisition in new Spain].

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Micheli-Serra, Alfredo

    2003-01-01

    The origins of New Spain Inquisition whose jurisdiction extended also to Philippine Islands, are related herein. Physicians and surgeons who worked as Inquisition officers are discussed, from the first Dr. Juan de la Fuente who was appointed on May 9, 1572, to Dr. Pedro del Castillo, appointed on September 24, 1644. Likewise, physicians and surgeons judged by the Holy Office are mentioned. During the XVI century, those judged were few and insignificant personages, the first was the Irish Protestant William Corniels a barber surgeon, who arrived with the John Hawkins' pirate fleet in 1568 and settled in Guatemala. Some physicians and surgeons were judged as "Judaizers" during the first half of the XVII century. Many physicians and surgeons were prosecuted in Mexico, as well as in the Philippine Islands, in the second half of the XVIII century because they were Freemasons or supporters of French Revolution ideology. Among those was the unfortunate Dr. Enrique Esteban Morel, who introduced into Mexico the method of antivariolar inoculation at the time of the great epidemic out-break of 1779. It should be a gesture of justice to build a memorial in the ancient Inquisition Palace to honor this Public Health's worthy physician.

  7. Quantum Gravity Inde Sitter Space And Anti-de Sitter Space

    CERN Document Server

    Lippert, M S

    2004-01-01

    In this thesis, we consider two aspects of quantum gravity—the nature of holography in anti-de Sitter space and string theory models of de Sitter space. Searching for a holographic resolution of the black hole information paradox, we pursue the identity of precursors in the context of AdS/CFT. We consider precursors that encode bulk information causally disconnected from the boundary and whose measurement involves nonlocal bulk processes. Previous arguments that these precursors are large, undecorated Wilson loops are found to be flawed. We construct a toy model of holography which encapsulates the expected properties of precursors and compare it with previous such discussions. The information contained in precursors is argued to be encoded in the high-energy sector of the theory and not observable by low-energy measurements. These considerations lead us to propose a locality bound, which indicates where locality breaks down due to black hole or stringy effects. We apply the locality bound to Hawkin...

  8. Maternal and peer influences on drinking among Latino college students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varvil-Weld, Lindsey; Turrisi, Rob; Hospital, Michelle M; Mallett, Kimberly A; Bámaca-Colbert, Mayra Y

    2014-01-01

    Previous research on college drinking has paid little attention to Latino students. Social development models (Catalano, Hawkins, & Miller, 1992) suggest that protective influences in one domain (e.g., mothers) can offset negative influences from other domains (e.g., peers) though this possibility has not been explored with respect to Latino college student drinking. The present study had two aims: 1) to determine whether four specific maternal influences (monitoring, positive communication, permissiveness, and modeling) and peer descriptive norms were associated with college drinking and consequences among Latino students, and 2) to determine whether maternal influences moderated the effect of peer norms on college drinking and consequences. A sample of 362 first-year students (69.9% female) completed an online assessment regarding their mothers' monitoring, positive communication, permissiveness, and modeling, peer descriptive norms, and drinking and related consequences. Main effects and two-way interactions (mother×peer) were assessed using separate hierarchical regression models for three separate outcomes: peak drinking, weekly drinking, and alcohol-related consequences. Maternal permissiveness and peer descriptive norms were positively associated with drinking and consequences. Maternal communication was negatively associated with consequences. Findings indicate that previously identified maternal and peer influences are also relevant for Latino students and highlight future directions that would address the dearth of research in this area.

  9. Quantum vacuum effects on the final fate of a collapsing ball of dust

    CERN Document Server

    Arfaei, Hessamaddin

    2016-01-01

    We consider the quantum vacuum effects of the massless scalar fields that are non-minimally coupled to the background geometry of a collapsing homogeneous ball of dust. It is shown that for a definite range of coupling constants, there are repulsive quantum vacuum effects, capable of stopping the collapse process inside the black hole and precluding the formation of singularity. The final fate of the collapse will be a black hole with no singularity, inside which the matter stays balanced. The density of the final static matter will be close to the Planck density. We show that the largest possible radius of the stable static ball inside a black hole with Schwarzschild mass $M$ is given by ${{\\left( \\frac{1}{90\\pi }\\frac{M}{{{m}_{p}}} \\right)}^{\\frac{1}{3}}}{{\\ell }_{p}}$. If the black hole undergoes Hawking radiation, the final state will be an extremal quantum-corrected black hole, with zero temperature, with a remnant of matter inside. We show that the resolution of singularity is not disrupted under Hawkin...

  10. Treatment of pediatric pulmonary hypertension

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amy Hawkins

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Amy Hawkins, Robert TullohDepartment of Congenital Heart Disease, Bristol Royal Hospital for Children, Bristol UKAbstract: Pulmonary hypertension was once thought to be a rare condition and only managed in specialized centers. Now however, with the advent of echocardiography, it is found in many clinical scenarios, in the neonate with chronic lung disease, in the acute setting in the intensive care unit, in connective tissue disease and in cardiology pre- and postoperatively. We have a better understanding of the pathological process and have a range of medication which is starting to be able to palliate this previously fatal condition. This review describes the areas that are known in this condition and those that are less familiar. The basic physiology behind pulmonary hypertension and pulmonary vascular disease is explained. The histopathologic process and the various diagnostic tools are described and are followed by the current and future therapy at our disposal.Keywords: pulmonary hypertension, congenital heart disease, pulmonary vascular resistance, pulmonary vasodilators

  11. A comparison of the musculoskeletal assessments of the shoulder girdles of professional rugby players and professional soccer players

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    Horsley Ian G

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Objective To identify posture types that exist in professional rugby players, and compare them with a population of non-overhead athletes in order to identify possible relationships towards the potential for shoulder injuries. Design Observational design Setting: Sports Medicine Clinic Participants: Convenience sample Methodology: Static assessment of posture was carried out in standing, active and passive range of glenohumeral motion, and isometric strength was carried out in accordance with previously recorded protocols. Interventions Nil Outcome Measures: Observational classification of posture, active and passive range of glenohumeral joint range of motion, isometric strength of selected muscle groups, selected muscle flexibility and Hawkins and Neer impingement tests. Results There was a significant difference on range of motion between the two groups (0.025–0.000, isometric middle (0.024–0.005, and lower trapezius (0.01–0.001. Conclusion: There were significant differences between strength and flexibility of muscles around the shoulder girdle between professional rugby players and a control group of professional non-overhead athletes.

  12. To Inflect or Not to Inflect Is the Question Indeed: Infinitives in Second Language (L2 Portuguese

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    Jason Rothman

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available In light of the predictions of two competing approaches to adult L2 acquisition – Full Access (FA (e.g., White 1989, 2003; Schwartz & Sprouse 1996 and Failed Features (FF (e.g., Hawkins & Chan 1997; Liceras & Díaz, 1999 – the present study examines the acquisition of inflected infinitives by English and Spanish/English bilingual adult learners of L2 Portuguese. Target-like acquisition of inflected infinitives requires the resetting of both a syntactic parameter (the Null Subject Parameter and a morphological parameter (the Infl-parameter for these learners. Since FF approaches maintain a post-critical period failure to acquire new L2 features lacking from the L1, target-like acquisition is predicted to not be possible. Conversely, FA approaches, which maintain adult parameter resetting is possible, predict that native-like competence of inflected infinitives is attainable, but not inevitably so. The data we present support FA approaches, demonstrating that advanced adult learners achieve native-like interpretative knowledge of Portuguese inflected infinitives. We also consider the role of L1 transfer and its possible implications, as they differ for both groups.

  13. Couples Relationship Education and Couples Therapy: Healthy Marriage or Strange Bedfellows?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Markman, Howard J; Ritchie, Lane L

    2015-12-01

    This paper focuses on issues sparked by the Couples Relationship Education (CRE) field moving toward a more clinical model to meet the needs of an increasing number of distressed couples coming to CRE programs. We review the concerns raised and recommendations made by Bradford, Hawkins, and Acker (2015), most of which push CRE toward a more clinical model. We address these recommendations and make suggestions for best practices that preserve the prevention/education model underlying research-based CRE. The three main issues are couple screening, leader training, and service delivery models. Our suggested best practices include: conducting minimal screening including the assessment of dangerous levels of couple violence, training leaders with key skills to handle issues raised by distressed couples as well as other couples who may place additional burdens on leaders, providing referrals and choices of programs available to participants at intake and throughout the CRE program, and adding (rather than integrating) clinical services to CRE services for couples who desire additional intervention. Finally, throughout the paper, we review other key issues in the CRE field and make recommendations made for future research and practice. © 2015 Family Process Institute.

  14. Atlantoaxial rotatory dislocation. A case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niibayashi, H

    1998-07-01

    Report of a child who sustained an acute atlantoaxial rotatory dislocation, associated with fractures of the clavicle and the temporal bone, and rupture of the alar ligament demonstrated by magnetic resonance imaging. To describe the radiographic and pathoanatomic characteristics of the injury process. Only five cases of traumatic atlantoaxial rotatory dislocation associated with fracture of the clavicle have been reported previously. This is the first report of a ruptured alar ligament demonstrated on magnetic resonance imaging in a patient with atlantoaxial rotatory dislocation associated with fractures of the clavicle and the temporal bone. Computed tomography revealed the Type 1 rotatory dislocation described by Fielding and Hawkins, and magnetic resonance imaging delineated the ruptured alar ligament. Traction in a halter, followed by 6 weeks of immobilization with a cervical collar, was successful in the management of the injury. Concomitant fractures of the right temporal bone and the right clavicle may yield excessive left rotation of the atlas on the axis, resulting in the rupture of the right alar ligament. Awareness of this condition allows early diagnosis and effective conservative treatment.

  15. Study of a Potential Relationship Between Two Long-Period Comets and Rapid Inward Drifting of Aphelion Due to Orbital-Cascade Resonance

    CERN Document Server

    Sekanina, Zdenek

    2016-01-01

    We study a potential genetic relationship of comets C/1846 O1 and C/1973 D1, whose apparent orbital similarity was tested by Kresak (1982) only statistically, using the Southworth-Hawkins (1963) criterion D. Our orbit determination for C/1846 O1 shows its period was ~500 yr, ~30 times shorter than that of C/1973 D1. Formerly unrecognized, this incongruity makes the objects' common origin less likely. Long-term orbit integration suggests that, if related, the two comets would have to have separated far away from the Sun (probably ~700 AU) 21 millennia ago and, unlike C/1973 D1, C/1846 O1 would have to have been subjected to a complex orbital evolution. Given the chance of encountering Jupiter to ~0.6 AU some 400 days after perihelion, C/1846 O1 and C/1973 D1 may have been perturbed, during their return in the 15th millennium BCE, into orbits that were, respectively, smaller and larger than was the parent's, with a net difference of more than 0.002 (AU)^{-1} in 1/a. Whereas C/1973 D1 was on the way to its 1973 ...

  16. Time of travel of solutes in the Sabine River basin, Texas, August-November 1996

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raines, Timothy H.

    1997-01-01

    The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), in cooperation with the Sabine River Authority, did a time-of-travel study in the Sabine River Basin during low flow from August to November 1996. The study was done to provide accurate estimates of the time-of-travel and dispersion characteristics for solutes during low flow in a 1.8-mile (mi) reach of Grace Creek, a 23.9-mi reach of the mainstem Sabine River, a 3.4-mi reach of Hawkins Creek, and a 1.9-mi reach of Rocky Creek. This report explains the approach and documents the results of the study. The results of the study will be used by the Texas Natural Resource Conservation Commission in a water-quality model to determine waste-load allocation in Segment 0505 of the Sabine River Basin. The time-of-travel and dispersion characteristics also provide useful information on the probable behavior of soluble contaminants that might be introduced into the streams measured in this study.

  17. Impulse-variability theory: implications for ballistic, multijoint motor skill performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Urbin, M A; Stodden, David F; Fischman, Mark G; Weimar, Wendi H

    2011-01-01

    Impulse-variability theory (R. A. Schmidt, H. N. Zelaznik, B. Hawkins, J. S. Frank, & J. T. Quinn, 1979) accounts for the curvilinear relationship between the magnitude and resulting variability of the muscular forces that influence the success of goal-directed limb movements. The historical roots of impulse-variability theory are reviewed in the 1st part of this article, including the relationship between movement speed and spatial error. The authors then address the relevance of impulse-variability theory for the control of ballistic, multijoint skills, such as throwing, striking, and kicking. These types of skills provide a stark contrast to the relatively simple, minimal degrees of freedom movements that characterized early research. However, the inherent demand for ballistic force generation is a strong parallel between these simple laboratory tasks and multijoint motor skills. Therefore, the authors conclude by recommending experimental procedures for evaluating the adequacy of impulse variability as a theoretical model within the context of ballistic, multijoint motor skill performance.

  18. Polarised Black Holes in AdS

    CERN Document Server

    Costa, Miguel S.; Oliveira, Miguel; Penedones, João; Santos, Jorge E.

    2016-01-01

    We consider solutions in Einstein-Maxwell theory with a negative cosmological constant that asymptote to global $AdS_{4}$ with conformal boundary $S^{2}\\times\\mathbb{R}_{t}$. At the sphere at infinity we turn on a space-dependent electrostatic potential, which does not destroy the asymptotic $AdS$ behaviour. For simplicity we focus on the case of a dipolar electrostatic potential. We find two new geometries: (i) an $AdS$ soliton that includes the full backreaction of the electric field on the $AdS$ geometry; (ii) a polarised neutral black hole that is deformed by the electric field, accumulating opposite charges in each hemisphere. For both geometries we study boundary data such as the charge density and the stress tensor. For the black hole we also study the horizon charge density and area, and further verify a Smarr formula. Then we consider this system at finite temperature and compute the Gibbs free energy for both $AdS$ soliton and black hole phases. The corresponding phase diagram generalizes the Hawkin...

  19. Protective factors for adolescent violence against authority.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ibabe, Izaskun; Jaureguizar, Joana; Bentler, Peter M

    2013-01-01

    Both the family and school environments influence adolescents' violence, but there is little research focusing simultaneously on the two contexts. This study analyzed the role of positive family and classroom environments as protective factors for adolescents' violence against authority (parent abuse and teacher abuse) and the relations between antisocial behavior and child-to-parent violence or student-to-teacher violence. The sample comprised 687 Spanish students aged 12-16 years, who responded to the Family Environment Scale (FES) and the Classroom Environment Scale (CES). Structural Equation Modeling was used to test our model of violent behavior towards authority based on Catalano and Hawkins' Social Developmental Model (1996). Perceived family cohesion and organization showed an inverse association with parent abuse, suggesting that a positive family environment was a protective factor for the development of violence against parents. Family and classroom environments had direct effects on adolescents' violence against authority, and antisocial behavior showed a mediating effect in this relationship. The model accounted for 81% of the variance in violence against authority. As family environment was a better predictor of violence against authority than school environment, intervention efforts to reduce rates of adolescent violence should focus on helping parents to increase family cohesion and to manage conflictive relationships with their children.

  20. Performance of D-criteria in isolating meteor showers from the sporadic background in an optical data set

    CERN Document Server

    Moorhead, Althea V

    2015-01-01

    Separating meteor showers from the sporadic meteor background is critical for the study of both showers and the sporadic complex. The linkage of meteors to meteor showers, to parent bodies, and to other meteors is done using measures of orbital similarity. These measures often take the form of so-called D-parameters and are generally paired with some cutoff value within which two orbits are considered related. The appropriate cutoff value can depend on the size of the data-set (Southworth & Hawkins 1963), the sporadic contribution within the observed size range (Jopek 1995), or the inclination of the shower (Galligan 2001). If the goal is to minimize sporadic contamination of the extracted shower, the cutoff value should also reflect the strength of the shower compared to the local sporadic background. In this paper, we present a method for determining, on a per-shower basis, the orbital similarity cutoff value that corresponds to a chosen acceptable false-positive rate. This method also assists us in dis...

  1. Axial-Symmetry Numerical Approaches for Noise Predicting and Attenuating of Rifle Shooting with Suppressors

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    Shi-Wei Lo

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The moving bullet out of a rifle barrel is propelled by a fired explosive charge. Subsequently, a disturbed muzzle blast wave is initiated which lasts several milliseconds. In this study, axially symmetric, unsteady, Large Eddy Simulation (LES, and Ffowcs Williams and Hawkins (FWH equations were solved by the implicit-time formulation. For the spatial discretization, second order upwind scheme was employed. In addition, dynamic mesh model was used to where the ballistic domain changed with time due to the motion of bullet. Results obtained for muzzle flow field and for noise recorded were compared with those obtained from experimental data; these two batches of results were in agreement. Five cases of gunshot including one model of an unsuppressed rifle and four models of suppressors were simulated. Besides, serial images of species distributions and velocity vectors-pressure contours in suppressors and near muzzle field were displayed. The sound pressure levels (dB in far field that were post-processed by the fast Fourier transform (FFT were compared. The proposed physical model and the numerical simulations used in the present work are expected to be extended to solve other shooting weapon problems with three-dimensional and complex geometries.

  2. Use of hormonal contraceptives to control menstrual bleeding: attitudes and practice of Brazilian gynecologists

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    Makuch MY

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available María Y Makuch,1 Maria José D Osis,1 Karla Simonia de Pádua,1,2 Luis Bahamondes3 1Center for Research in Reproductive Health (CEMICAMP, 2Prof Dr José Aristodemo Pinotti Women's Hospital, University of Campinas, 3Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, School of Medical Sciences, University of Campinas, and National Institute of Hormones and Women's Health, Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil Background: The purpose of this study was to assess the attitudes and prescribing practices of Brazilian obstetricians and gynecologists regarding use of contraceptive methods to interfere with menstruation and/or induce amenorrhea. Methods: We undertook a nationwide survey of Brazilian obstetricians and gynecologists selected using a computer-generated randomization system. Participants completed a questionnaire on prescription of contraceptives and extended/continuous regimens of combined oral contraceptives (COCs. Results: In total, 79.2% of Brazilian obstetricians and gynecologists reported that 20%–40% of their patients consulted them for menstrual-related complaints and 26%–34% of the gynecologists reported that 21%–40% of their patients consulted them for reduction in the intensity, frequency, and/or duration of menstrual bleeding. Overall, 93% stated that medically induced amenorrhea represents no risk to women's health and 82.5% said that they prescribed contraceptives to control menstruation or induce amenorrhea. The contraceptives most commonly prescribed were extended-cycle 24/4 or 26/2 COC regimens and the levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system. Poisson regression analysis showed that Brazilian obstetricians and gynecologists prescribing contraceptives to control menstruation or induce amenorrhea consider extended-use or continuous-use COC regimens to be effective for both indications (prevalence ratio 1.23 [95% confidence interval 1.09–1.40] and prevalence ratio 1.28 [95% confidence interval 1.13–1.46], respectively. They also

  3. Progressive Extensional Exhumation of the Ultrahigh-Pressure Tso Morari Terrain, NW Indian Himalaya

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hodges, K.; Clark, R.; Monteleone, B.; Sachan, H.; Mukherjee, B. K.; Ahmad, T.

    2011-12-01

    The core of the Tso Morari dome in the Ladakh region of NW India (roughly 33 °10'N; 78°10'E) is one of only two known ultrahigh-pressure (UHP) terrains in the Himalayan-Tibetan orogenic system. The quartzofeldspathic Puga Orthogneiss from the structurally deepest portions of the terrain does not contain UHP mineralogy but surrounds dismembered lenses of mafic eclogite with accessory coesite, confirming that at least the eclogite lenses experienced UHP metamorphic conditions (Mukherjee et al., 2003, International Geology Review; Sachan et al., 2004, European Journal of Mineralogy). U-Pb zircon dates from the Puga orthogneiss (53.3 ± 0.7 Ma: Leech et al., 2007, International Geology Review) provide what appear to be the most precise available constraints on the age of UHP metamorphism at Tso Morari provided we presume that the UHP assemblages in the eclogite lenses developed at the same time as the 53.3 ± 0.7 Ma metamorphic zircon in the orthogneiss. However, other components of the zircon population studied by Leech and co-workers, as well as the results obtained using other thermochronometers and geochronometers (de Sigoyer et al., 2004, Tectonics), demonstrate that a series of lower pressure metamorphic events also affected the Tso Morari terrain between ca. 53 Ma and ca. 45 Ma, implying rapid decompression at elevated temperatures (ca. 800 - 350°C). Our 1:50000-scale geologic mapping at Tso Morari provides evidence that this exhumation was largely accommodated by two previously unrecognized low-angle ductile detachments that separate the terrain into three tectonostratigraphic units with distinctive metamorphic histories. The structurally lowest shear zone (Karla detachment) separates the Puga Orthogneiss from overlying lower amphibolite facies metasedimentary rocks of the Zoboshisha Unit, which contains no UHP assemblages. Structurally higher and demonstrably younger detachments separate the Zoboshisha Unit and the Puga Orthogneiss from greenschist to

  4. Do physiological measures predict selected CrossFit® benchmark performance?

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    Butcher SJ

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Scotty J Butcher,1,2 Tyler J Neyedly,3 Karla J Horvey,1 Chad R Benko2,41Physical Therapy, University of Saskatchewan, 2BOSS Strength Institute, 3Physiology, University of Saskatchewan, 4Synergy Strength and Conditioning, Saskatoon, SK, CanadaPurpose: CrossFit® is a new but extremely popular method of exercise training and competition that involves constantly varied functional movements performed at high intensity. Despite the popularity of this training method, the physiological determinants of CrossFit performance have not yet been reported. The purpose of this study was to determine whether physiological and/or muscle strength measures could predict performance on three common CrossFit "Workouts of the Day" (WODs.Materials and methods: Fourteen CrossFit Open or Regional athletes completed, on separate days, the WODs "Grace" (30 clean and jerks for time, "Fran" (three rounds of thrusters and pull-ups for 21, 15, and nine repetitions, and "Cindy" (20 minutes of rounds of five pull-ups, ten push-ups, and 15 bodyweight squats, as well as the "CrossFit Total" (1 repetition max [1RM] back squat, overhead press, and deadlift, maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max, and Wingate anaerobic power/capacity testing.Results: Performance of Grace and Fran was related to whole-body strength (CrossFit Total (r=-0.88 and -0.65, respectively and anaerobic threshold (r=-0.61 and -0.53, respectively; however, whole-body strength was the only variable to survive the prediction regression for both of these WODs (R2=0.77 and 0.42, respectively. There were no significant associations or predictors for Cindy.Conclusion: CrossFit benchmark WOD performance cannot be predicted by VO2max, Wingate power/capacity, or either respiratory compensation or anaerobic thresholds. Of the data measured, only whole-body strength can partially explain performance on Grace and Fran, although anaerobic threshold also exhibited association with performance. Along with their typical training

  5. Local cytokines and clinical symptoms in children with allergic rhinitis after different treatments

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    Gesmar RS Segundo

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Gesmar RS Segundo1, Fabíola A Gomes2, Karla P Fernandes1, Ronaldo Alves3, Deise AO Silva3, Ernesto A Taketomi31Department of Pediatrics, 2Department of Nursery, 3Laboratory of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, Universidade Federal de Uberlandia, Uberlandia, BrazilBackground: Therapy for allergic rhinitis aims to control symptoms and improve the quality of life. The treatment of allergic rhinitis includes allergen avoidance, environmental controls, pharmacologic treatment, and specific immunotherapy.Objectives: The aim of this study is to evaluate the clinical changes and the levels of interferon-γ (IFN-γ and interleukin-5 (IL-5 in nasal lavage fluid from children with allergic rhinitis after different types of pharmacologic treatment (mometasone, montelukast, or desloratadine.Methods: Twenty-four children aged from six to 12 years with moderate persistent allergic rhinitis were randomized into three groups receiving monotherapy treatment over four weeks: nasal corticosteroid (mometasone, leukotriene modifier (montelukast, or antihistamine (desloratadine. The perception of symptom improvement during the medication use was evaluated at the end of the treatment. Samples of nasal lavage fluid were collected before and after treatment for measuring IFN-γ and IL-5 cytokines by ELISA.Results: All parents perceived an improvement in symptoms. Significant enhancement was seen in the mometasone group compared to those with montelukast (P = 0.01 and desloratadine (P = 0.02. No significant differences were found among the three groups in the levels of IL-5 and IFN-γ in nasal fluid at baseline or after treatment. Only the group treated with mometasone showed a slight but significant reduction in IL-5 levels after the treatment period as compared with levels before the treatment (P = 0.0469.Conclusion: The group treated with mometasone showed better improvement of clinical symptoms and a slight reduction in IL-5 levels in the nasal fluid. This may

  6. Effectiveness evaluation of two volumizing hyaluronic acid dermal fillers in a controlled, randomized, double-blind, split-face clinical study

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    Kerscher M

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Martina Kerscher,1 Karla Agsten,2 Maria Kravtsov,3 Welf Prager4 1Department of Cosmetic Science, University of Hamburg, 2SCIderm GmbH, Hamburg, Germany; 3Anteis S.A., Geneva, Switzerland; 4Prager & Partner Dermatologische Praxis, Hamburg, Germany Background: Enhancement of the midface can be achieved with volumizing hyaluronic acid (HA fillers.Objective: The objective of this study was to compare the safety and effectiveness of Cohesive Polydensified Matrix® 26 mg/mL HA gel (CPM-26 and Vycross® 20 mg/ml HA gel (VYC-20 in a controlled, randomized, evaluator-blind, split-face clinical study.Patients and methods: Subjects with moderate-to-severe malar volume loss on the Merz Aesthetics Scale (MAS received CPM-26 on one side and VYC-20 on the contralateral side of the face. Effectiveness assessments were performed by blinded evaluators including photographic and live MAS ratings and live Global Aesthetic Improvement Scale (GAIS ratings. Calculations of anatomical volume variations at month 3 (M3, month 6 (M6, month 12 (M12 and month 18 (M18 were also performed.Results: Non-inferiority of CPM-26 versus VYC-20 was demonstrated at M3 (primary end point based on MAS. GAIS rating showed that significantly more subjects had better improvement with CPM-26 than with VYC-20 at month 1, M3, M12 and M18 (p=0.0032, p=0.0074, p=0.0384 and p=0.0110, respectively. Standardized evaluation of volume variations from baseline to M3, M12 and M18 showed that CPM-26 created more volume augmentation at all time points, and the difference was significant at M3.Conclusion: CPM-26 was non-inferior to VYC-20 based on MAS ratings at M3 and demonstrated a favorable safety and effectiveness profile for midfacial volume enhancement with results lasting up to M18. Keywords: cohesive polydensified matrix, hyaluronic acid fillers, Belotero® Volume, Modélis® SHAPE, Juvéderm® VOLUMA®, volumizing

  7. Z dalekiej Galicji do Wiednia. Siegfried Lipiner – bibliotekarz niepospolity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aleksandra Wiśniewska

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Celem artykułu jest przybliżenie sylwetki Siegfrieda Lipinera (1876– –1911 – poety, admiratora Nietzschego, przyjaciela i doradcy Mahlera, tłumacza dzieł Mickiewicza, a także świetnego bibliotekarza. Urodzony w Jarosławiu Siegfried Lipiner w 1875 roku przeniósł się do Wiednia, gdzie z wyróżnieniem zdał maturę i skończył studia na Wydziale Filozoficznym. Na lata gimnazjalne przypadają jego pierwsze próby poetyckie. Już jako student Lipiner skupił wokół siebie grono przyjaciół, w tym Gustava Mahlera, na którego twórczość jako najbliższy przyjaciel i doradca wywarł znaczny wpływ. Opublikowany w 1876 roku epos Der entfesselte Prometheus wzbudził duże uznanie Nietzschego i zainteresował Wagnera. Późniejsze utwory Lipinera nie spotkały się już z tak pozytywnym odzewem. W 1881 roku dzięki rekomendacji dr. Franciszka Smolki, przewodniczącego Izby Posłów, otrzymał pracę w Bibliotece Parlamentu Wiedeńskiego, w której przepracował z zaangażowaniem 30 lat. Do jego zasług należy zwiększenie dotacji dla biblioteki oraz pozyskanie nowych współpracowników naukowych, w tym Karla Rennera – późniejszego kanclerza i prezydenta Austrii. Dzięki współpracy z nimi możliwe było opracowanie nowych katalogów systematycznych, w tym katalogu kartkowego, który był w użyciu do 1995 roku. Starania Lipinera doprowadziły do uzyskania dodatkowej powierzchni bibliotecznej (obecnej czytelni. Po 30 latach jego urzędowania biblioteka parlamentu zaliczana była do najlepszych. Oprócz pracy bibliotecznej Lipiner dalej tworzył, a także podnosił swoje kwalifikacje. W 1894 uzyskał doktorat na podstawie dysertacji Homunculus, eine Studie über Faust und die Philosophie Goethes. Oprócz tego pracował za namową hr. Karola Lanckorońskiego nad przekładami dzieł Adama Mickiewicza: Pana Tadeusza oraz Dziadów – wydane w 1883 i 1887 roku do dziś uważane są za wybitne.

  8. Physicians’ use of computerized clinical decision supports to improve medication management in the elderly – the Seniors Medication Alert and Review Technology intervention

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alagiakrishnan K

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Kannayiram Alagiakrishnan,1 Patricia Wilson,2 Cheryl A Sadowski,3 Darryl Rolfson,1 Mark Ballermann,4,5 Allen Ausford,6,7 Karla Vermeer,7 Kunal Mohindra,8 Jacques Romney,9 Robert S Hayward10 1Department of Medicine, Division of Geriatric Medicine, 2Department of Medicine, 3Faculty of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Alberta, 4Chief Medical Information Office, Alberta Health Services, 5Division of Critical Care, Department of Medicine, University of Alberta, 6Department of Family Medicine, University of Alberta, 7Lynwood Family Physician, 8eClinician EMR, Alberta Health Services-Information Systems, 9Department of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, 10Division of General Internal Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada Background: Elderly people (aged 65 years or more are at increased risk of polypharmacy (five or more medications, inappropriate medication use, and associated increased health care costs. The use of clinical decision support (CDS within an electronic medical record (EMR could improve medication safety.Methods: Participatory action research methods were applied to preproduction design and development and postproduction optimization of an EMR-embedded CDS implementation of the Beers’ Criteria for medication management and the Cockcroft–Gault formula for estimating glomerular filtration rates (GFR. The “Seniors Medication Alert and Review Technologies” (SMART intervention was used in primary care and geriatrics specialty clinics. Passive (chart messages and active (order-entry alerts prompts exposed potentially inappropriate medications, decreased GFR, and the possible need for medication adjustments. Physician reactions were assessed using surveys, EMR simulations, focus groups, and semi-structured interviews. EMR audit data were used to identify eligible patient encounters, the frequency of CDS events, how alerts were managed, and when evidence links were followed.Results: Analysis of

  9. Er:YAG pre-treatment for bonding of orthodontic bracket: 1 year of in vitro treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    de Jesus Tavarez RR

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Rudys Rodolfo de Jesus Tavarez,1 Gisele Lima Bezerra,2 Karla Janilee de Souza Penha,3 Carlos Rocha Gomes Torres,4 Leily Macedo Firoozmand5 1Department of Dentistry, Ceuma University (UNICEUMA, 2Dentistry Program, Ceuma University (UNICEUMA, 3Dentistry Program, Federal University of Maranhão, UFMA, São Luís, MA, 4Restorative Dentistry Department, ICT UNESP University, São Paulo, 5Dentistry Department I, Federal University of Maranhão,UFMA, São Luís, MA, Brazil Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate in vitro bond strength of metal brackets bonded with: total etch, total etch with erbium: yttrium aluminum garnet laser (Er:YAG and self-etching adhesive systems, submitted to thermal-mechanical cycling, simulating 1 year of orthodontic treatment.Materials and methods: For the study, 80 bovine incisors were randomly divided into 3 experimental groups (n=16 each: XT- acid etching + Transbond XT, XT/Er:YAG- Transbond XT associated with Er:YAG laser irradiation (λ=2.94 μm, 60 mJ, 10 Hz and SEP- Transbond Plus Self Etching Primer. Samples were submitted to thermal-mechanical cycling, simulating 1 year of orthodontic treatment. Afterward, the shear bond strength test was performed in a universal test machine at a speed of 0.5mm/min. Samples were evaluated under a stereomicroscope and by scanning electron microscopy for analysis of enamel surface and adhesive remnant index. Data were analyzed using Kruskal–Wallis and Mann–Whitney (with Bonferroni correction statistical tests.Results: Statistically significant difference was observed between the groups studied (p<0.05. Groups XT and SEP showed the highest bond strength values, without statistical difference between them, while group XT/Er:YAG showed reduction in bond strength values. Higher frequency of adhesive failures between enamel and adhesive system was verified for groups XT and XT/Er:YAG.Conclusion: The conventional (XT and self-etching (SEP adhesive systems showed mean bond

  10. The effects of strength training on cognitive performance in elderly women

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Smolarek AC

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available André de Camargo Smolarek,1,2 Luis Henrique Boiko Ferreira,1,2 Luis Paulo Gomes Mascarenhas,1 Steven R McAnulty,3 Karla Daniele Varela,4 Mônica C Dangui,4 Marcelo Paes de Barros,5 Alan C Utter,3 Tácito P Souza-Junior2,3 1Department of Physical Education, Biochemistry of the Exercise Laboratory, Centro Oeste University State, Irati, Parana, 2Research Group on Metabolism, Nutrition and Strength Training, Department of Physical Education, Federal University of Parana, Curitiba, Brazil; 3Department of Health and Exercise Science, Appalachian State University, Boone, NC, USA; 4Physical Education Department, Faculty Guairaca, Guarapuava, Parana, 5Institute of Physical Activity and Sports Science (ICAFE, Cruzeiro do Sul University, São Paulo, Brazil Abstract: Aging is a degenerative process marked by recognized functional, physiological, and metabolic impairments, such as dynapenia and diminished cognitive capacity. Therefore, the search for innovative strategies to prevent/delay these physiological and cognitive disorders is essential to guarantee the independence and life quality of an elderly population. The aim of this work is to verify the effect of a 12-week resistance exercise program on the general physical aptitude and cognitive capacities of elderly and sedentary women. Twenty-nine women (65.87±5.69 years were divided into two groups. The control group was composed of eight elderly women who met the same inclusion criteria of the study and the strength training group was composed of 29 elderly women who were subjected to a resistance exercise program defined by 12 upper and lower limb exercises combined in 3×10 repetitions with 1-minute interval between repetitions and two resting minutes between exercises (three times/week. Weight loads were fixed between 60% and 75% of the apparent 1 repetition maximum, which was estimated by the test of 10 maximum repetitions. The direct curl was performed for upper body strength evaluation with 2

  11. Women’s experiences and preferences regarding breast imaging after completing breast cancer treatment

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    Brandzel S

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Susan Brandzel,1 Dori E Rosenberg,1 Dianne Johnson,1 Mary Bush,1 Karla Kerlikowske,2–5 Tracy Onega,6,7 Louise Henderson,8 Larissa Nekhlyudov,9,10 Wendy DeMartini,11 Karen J Wernli1 1Group Health Research Institute, Group Health Cooperative, Seattle, WA, 2Department of Medicine, 3Department of Epidemiology, 4Department of Biostatistics, 5Department of Veterans Affairs, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, 6Department of Biomedical Data Science, 7Department of Epidemiology, Norris Cotton Cancer Center, Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth, Lebanon, NH, 8Department of Radiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, 9Department of Population Medicine, Harvard Medical School, 10Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA, 11Department of Radiology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA Background: After treatment for breast cancer, most women receive an annual surveillance mammography to look for subsequent breast cancers. Supplemental breast MRI is sometimes used in addition to mammography despite the lack of clinical evidence for it. Breast imaging after cancer treatment is an emotionally charged experience, an important part of survivorship care, and a topic about which limited patient information exists. We assessed women’s experiences and preferences about breast cancer surveillance imaging with the goal of determining where gaps in care and knowledge could be filled. Participants and methods: We conducted six focus groups with a convenience sample of 41 women in California, North Carolina, and New Hampshire (USA. Participants were aged 38–75 years, had experienced stage 0–III breast cancer within the previous 5 years, and had completed initial treatment. We used inductive thematic analysis to identify key themes from verbatim transcripts. Results: Women reported various types and frequencies of surveillance imaging and a range of surveillance imaging

  12. Near Earth asteroids associated with the Sigma-Capricornids meteoroid stream

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gulchekhra, Kokhirova; Pulat, Babadzhanov; Umed, Khamroev

    The Near Earth Asteroids (NEAs) 2008BO16, 2011EC41, and 2013CT36 (http://newton.dm.\\unipi.it/neodys, 2013) have very similar orbits according to the D_{SH} criterion of Southworth, Hawkins (1963). Additionally, their orbits are classed as comet-like by the Tisserand invariant values (Kresak 1982; Kosai 1992). The orbital evolution investigation shows, that during one cycle of variations of the argument of perihelion omega, the asteroids cross the Earth’s orbit four times. Consequently, a developed meteoroid stream, possible associated with them, might produce four meteor showers (Babadzhanov, Obrubov 1992). Theoretical parameters of the predicted showers were calculated and identified with the observable nighttime sigma-Capricornids (Sekanina 1973; Jenniskens 2006) and chi-Sagittarids (Sekanina 1976), and daytime chi-Capricornids (Sekanina 1976) and Capricornids-Sagittarids (Sekanina 1973) meteor showers. The similar and comet-like orbits and association with the meteoroid stream producing four active showers are strong indications that these asteroids have a common cometary origin. Earlier the NEAs (2101) Adonis and 1995CS, which additionally is potentially hazardous asteroid (PHA), were recognized as dormant comets because of their link with the same meteoroid stream (Babadzhanov 2003). So, a conclusion was made, that either the considered NEAs are large sized splinters of the Adonis, or all five objects are fragments of a larger comet that was the parent body of the sigma-Capricornids meteoroid stream, and whose break-up occurred several tens of thousands years ago. During 2010-2011 years three fireballs were photographed by the Tajikistan fireball network (Babadzhanov, Kokhirova 2009), belonging to the sigma-Capricornids meteor shower. Taking into account the observations else six fireballs of this shower in the Canada and USA (Halliday et al. 1996; McCrosky et al. 1978), the mean radiant coordinates, the period of activity, as well as the mean daily radiant

  13. Landslides as weathering reactors; links between physical erosion and weathering in rapidly eroding mountain belts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Emberson, R.; Hovius, N.; Galy, A.

    2014-12-01

    The link between physical erosion and chemical weathering is generally modelled with a surface-blanketing weathering zone, where the supply of fresh minerals is tied to the average rate of denudation. In very fast eroding environments, however, sediment production is dominated by landsliding, which acts in a stochastic fashion across the landscape, contrasting strongly with more uniform denudation models. If physical erosion is a driver of weathering at the highest erosion rates, then an alternative weathering model is required. Here we show that landslides can be effective 'weathering reactors'. Previous work modelling the effect of landslides on chemical weathering (Gabet 2007) considered the fresh bedrock surfaces exposed in landslide scars. However, fracturing during the landslide motion generates fresh surfaces, the total surface area of which exceeds that of the exposed scar by many orders of magnitude. Moreover, landslides introduce concavity into hillslopes, which acts to catch precipitation. This is funnelled into a deposit of highly fragmented rock mass with large reactive surface area and limited hydraulic conductivity (Lo et al. 2007). This allows percolating water reaction time for chemical weathering; any admixture of macerated organic debris could yield organic acid to further accelerate weathering. In the South island of New Zealand, seepage from recent landslide deposits has systematically high solute concentrations, far outstripping concentration in runoff from locations where soils are present. River total dissolved load in the western Southern Alps is highly correlated with the rate of recent (erosion; this contrasts with persistent and ubiquitous weathering associated with soil production. Solute fluxes from fast eroding landscapes therefore likely depend on climatic or tectonic forcing of mass wasting; greater precipitation would drive increased weathering, while earthquakes, in generating landslides (Dadson et al. 2003; Chen & Hawkins 2009

  14. Promoting Strong Written Communication Skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Narayanan, M.

    2015-12-01

    The reason that an improvement in the quality of technical writing is still needed in the classroom is due to the fact that universities are facing challenging problems not only on the technological front but also on the socio-economic front. The universities are actively responding to the changes that are taking place in the global consumer marketplace. Obviously, there are numerous benefits of promoting strong written communication skills. They can be summarized into the following six categories. First, and perhaps the most important: The University achieves learner satisfaction. The learner has documented verbally, that the necessary knowledge has been successfully acquired. This results in learner loyalty that in turn will attract more qualified learners.Second, quality communication lowers the cost per pupil, consequently resulting in increased productivity backed by a stronger economic structure and forecast. Third, quality communications help to improve the cash flow and cash reserves of the university. Fourth, having high quality communication enables the university to justify the need for high costs of tuition and fees. Fifth, better quality in written communication skills result in attracting top-quality learners. This will lead to happier and satisfied learners, not to mention greater prosperity for the university as a whole. Sixth, quality written communication skills result in reduced complaints, thus meaning fewer hours spent on answering or correcting the situation. The University faculty and staff are thus able to devote more time on scholarly activities, meaningful research and productive community service. References Boyer, Ernest L. (1990). Scholarship reconsidered: Priorities of the Professorate.Princeton, NJ: Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. Hawkins, P., & Winter, J. (1997). Mastering change: Learning the lessons of the enterprise.London: Department for Education and Employment. Buzzel, Robert D., and Bradley T. Gale. (1987

  15. Identification of dominant recombination mechanisms in narrow-bandgap InAs/InAsSb type-II superlattices and InAsSb alloys

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boggess, Thomas

    InAs/Ga(In)Sb type-II superlattices (T2SL) have been extensively studied for both advanced emitter and detector technologies associated with mid-wave (MWIR), long-wave (LWIR), and very-long-wave (VLWIR) infrared applications. The type-II band alignment, together with control of both the layer thicknesses and the alloy composition, provide a rich environment for band structure engineering, including band gap tuning and suppression of Auger recombination. Unfortunately, the InAs/Ga(In)Sb MWIR T2SLs have been found to have minority carrier lifetimes persistently below 100 ns, even at cryogenic temperatures. Such short lifetimes are problematic for detector applications and suggest that this material system will not compete with HgCdTe for IR detector applications. On the other hand, the report by Steenbergen, et al., of much longer minority carrier recombination lifetimes (>412 ns at 77K) in a longwave (8.2 µm) InAs/InAsSb T2SL suggests that the ``Ga-free'' superlattices could be competitive for IR detector applications. We will discuss all-optical measurements of carrier lifetimes as a function of temperature and injected carrier density in InAs/InAsSb T2SLs with a broad range of sample designs based on variations in alloy composition and/or layer thickness. Minority carrier lifetimes ranging from 4.5 µs for a 9.2 µm-band-gap T2SL to 18 µs for a 4.2 µm-band-gap T2SL have been measured at 77 K. This research was performed in collaboration with Y. Aytac, B.V. Olson, J.K. Kim, E.A. Shaner, J.F. Klem, S.D. Hawkins, and M.E. Flatté.

  16. Annual Occurrence of Meteorite-Dropping Fireballs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Konovalova, Natalia; Jopek, Tadeusz J.

    2016-07-01

    The event of Chelyabinsk meteorite has brought about change the earlier opinion about limits of the sizes of potentially dangerous asteroidal fragments that crossed the Earth's orbit and irrupted in the Earth's atmosphere making the brightest fireball. The observations of the fireballs by fireball networks allows to get the more precise data on atmospheric trajectories and coordinates of predicted landing place of the meteorite. For the reason to search the periods of fireball activity is built the annual distribution of the numbers of meteorites with the known fall dates and of the meteorite-dropping fireballs versus the solar longitude. The resulting profile of the annual activity of meteorites and meteorite-dropping fireballs shows several periods of increased activity in the course of the year. The analysis of the atmospheric trajectories and physical properties of sporadic meteorite-dropping fireballs observed in Tajikistan by instrumental methods in the summer‒autumn periods of increased fireballs activity has been made. As a result the structural strength, the bulk density and terminal mass of the studied fireballs that can survive in the Earth atmosphere and became meteorites was obtained. From the photographic IAU MDC_2003 meteor database and published sources based on the orbit proximity as determined by D-criterion of Southworth and Hawkins the fireballs that could be the members of group of meteorite-dropping fireballs, was found. Among the near Earth's objects (NEOs) the searching for parent bodies for meteorite-dropping fireballs was made and the evolution of orbits of these objects in the past on a long interval of time was investigated.

  17. Initial Aerodynamic and Acoustic Study of an Active Twist Rotor Using a Loosely Coupled CFD/CSD Method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boyd, David D. Jr.

    2009-01-01

    Preliminary aerodynamic and performance predictions for an active twist rotor for a HART-II type of configuration are performed using a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) code, OVERFLOW2, and a computational structural dynamics (CSD) code, CAMRAD -II. These codes are loosely coupled to compute a consistent set of aerodynamics and elastic blade motions. Resultant aerodynamic and blade motion data are then used in the Ffowcs-Williams Hawkins solver, PSU-WOPWOP, to compute noise on an observer plane under the rotor. Active twist of the rotor blade is achieved in CAMRAD-II by application of a periodic torsional moment couple (of equal and opposite sign) at the blade root and tip at a specified frequency and amplitude. To provide confidence in these particular active twist predictions for which no measured data is available, the rotor system geometry and computational set up examined here are identical to that used in a previous successful Higher Harmonic Control (HHC) computational study. For a single frequency equal to three times the blade passage frequency (3P), active twist is applied across a range of control phase angles at two different amplitudes. Predicted results indicate that there are control phase angles where the maximum mid-frequency noise level and the 4P non -rotating hub vibrations can be reduced, potentially, both at the same time. However, these calculated reductions are predicted to come with a performance penalty in the form of a reduction in rotor lift-to-drag ratio due to an increase in rotor profile power.

  18. Correlation of findings in clinical and high resolution ultrasonography examinations of the painful shoulder

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    Raphael Micheroli

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective: High resolution ultrasonography is a non-painful and non-invasive imaging technique which is useful for the assessment of shoulder pain causes, as clinical examination often does not allow an exact diagnosis. The aim of this study was to compare the fi ndings of clinical examination and high resolution ultrasonography in patients presenting with painful shoulder. Methods: Non-interventional observational study of 100 adult patients suffering from unilateral shoulder pain. Exclusion criteria were shoulder fractures, prior shoulder joint surgery and shoulder injections in the past month. The physicians performing the most common clinical shoulder examinations were blinded to the results of the high resolution ultrasonography and vice versa. Results: In order to detect pathology of the m. supraspinatus tendon, the Hawkins and Kennedy impingement test showed the highest sensitivity (0.86 whereas the Jobe supraspinatus test showed the highest specifi city (0.55. To identify m. subscapularis tendon pathology the Gerber lift off test showed a sensitivity of 1, whereas the belly press test showed the higher specifi city (0.72. The infraspinatus test showed a high sensitivity (0.90 and specifi city (0.74. All AC tests (painful arc IIa, AC joint tendernessb, cross body adduction stress testc showed high specifi cities (a0.96, b0.99, c 0.96. Evaluating the long biceps tendon, the palm up test showed the highest sensitivity (0.47 and the Yergason test the highest specifi city (0.88. Conclusion: Knowledge of sensitivity and specifi city of various clinical tests is important for the interpretation of clinical examination test results. High resolution ultrasonography is needed in most cases to establish a clear diagnosis.

  19. Astronomical Orientation of Pyramid Tombs in North China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rusell Tiede, Vance

    2010-01-01

    Two ancient Chinese texts, the Chou Bei Suan Ching and Chou Li (Western Han Dynasty, ca. 100 BC), record that the Imperial Astronomer (Feng Hsian Shin) made solar observations to determine the solstices and equinoxes, and for determining the cardinal directions with a circle and gnomon. By combining the techniques of astro-archaeology (G. S. Hawkins, 1968) with both overhead imagery and ground survey, the present study seeks to link historical Chinese descriptions of astronomical phenomena with contemporary architectural orientation. In the process, several unexpected astronomical orientation patterns emerged which apparently do not appear in the surviving historical record. For example, at the imperial Western Han capital of Ch'ang-an (N 34° latitude), the diagonals of cardinally oriented square pyramid mounds (ling) align to zenith (+34° declination) and nadir (-34° declination) star rise and set points on the skyline. This is in accord with the Chou (Zhou) Dynasty's name of Chung-Kuo, meaning Central Country or Middle Kingdom. That is, the imperial capital is centered both politico-geographically with respect to its vassal states of the Eastern Yi, Southern Man, Western Rong, and Northern Di, as well as astro-geomantically regarding the color-coded Five Sacred Directions East-South-West-North-Zenith/Nadir in the Cosmos. Our ground survey also confirmed pyramid orientation to the lunar standstills (+28°, +18° and +5° declination) that we reported from overhead imagery in 1980 (155th AAS Meeting, HAD 18.CE.12, Lunar and Solar Alignments of Ancient Chinese Pyramids). Grateful acknowledgment is given to the Chinese Academy of Sciences for the invitation to conduct an astro-archaeological survey of the Wei-ho valley, Shensi (Shaanxi) Province.

  20. Precipitation patterns during channel flow

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jamtveit, B.; Hawkins, C.; Benning, L. G.; Meier, D.; Hammer, O.; Angheluta, L.

    2013-12-01

    Mineral precipitation during channelized fluid flow is widespread in a wide variety of geological systems. It is also a common and costly phenomenon in many industrial processes that involve fluid flow in pipelines. It is often referred to as scale formation and encountered in a large number of industries, including paper production, chemical manufacturing, cement operations, food processing, as well as non-renewable (i.e. oil and gas) and renewable (i.e. geothermal) energy production. We have studied the incipient stages of growth of amorphous silica on steel plates emplaced into the central areas of the ca. 1 meter in diameter sized pipelines used at the hydrothermal power plant at Hellisheidi, Iceland (with a capacity of ca 300 MW electricity and 100 MW hot water). Silica precipitation takes place over a period of ca. 2 months at approximately 120°C and a flow rate around 1 m/s. The growth produces asymmetric ca. 1mm high dendritic structures ';leaning' towards the incoming fluid flow. A novel phase-field model combined with the lattice Boltzmann method is introduced to study how the growth morphologies vary under different hydrodynamic conditions, including non-laminar systems with turbulent mixing. The model accurately predicts the observed morphologies and is directly relevant for understanding the more general problem of precipitation influenced by turbulent mixing during flow in channels with rough walls and even for porous flow. Reference: Hawkins, C., Angheluta, L., Hammer, Ø., and Jamtveit, B., Precipitation dendrites in channel flow. Europhysics Letters, 102, 54001

  1. Clinical and arthroscopic findings in recreationally active patients

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    Fowler Elizabeth M

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Objective To examine the diagnostic accuracy of standard clinical tests for the shoulder in recreational athletes with activity related pain. Design Cohort study with index test of clinical examination and reference standard of arthroscopy. Setting Sports Medicine clinic in Sheffield, U.K. Participants 101 recreational athletes (82 male, 19 female; mean age 40.8 ± 14.6 years over a six year period. Interventions Bilateral evaluation of movements of the shoulder followed by standardized shoulder tests, formulation of clinical diagnosis and shoulder arthroscopy conducted by the same surgeon. Main Outcome Measurements Sensitivity, specificity, likelihood ratio for a positive test and over-all accuracy of clinical examination was examined retrospectively and compared with arthroscopy. Results Isolated pathology was rare, most patients (72% having more than one injury recorded. O'Brien's clinical test had a mediocre sensitivity (64% and over-all accuracy (54% for diagnosing SLAP lesions. Hawkins test and Jobe's test had the highest but still not impressive over-all accuracy (67% and sensitivity (67% for rotator cuff pathology respectively. External and internal impingement tests showed similar levels of accuracy. When a positive test was observed in one of a combination of shoulder tests used for diagnosing SLAP lesions or rotator cuff disease, sensitivity increased substantially whilst specificity decreased. Conclusions The diagnostic accuracy of isolated standard shoulder tests in recreational athletes was over-all very poor, potentially due to the majority of athletes (71% having concomitant shoulder injuries. Most likely, this means that many of these injuries are missed in general practice and treatment is therefore delayed. Clinical examination of the shoulder should involve a combination of clinical tests in order to identify likely intra articular pathology which may warrant referral to specialist for surgery.

  2. Avaliação retrospectiva dos casos de síndrome de Grisel (fixação rotatória C1-C2 no IOT-HCFMUSP Evaluación retrospectiva de casos de síndrome de Grisel (fijación rotatoria C1-C2 en IOT-FMUSP Retrospective evaluation of Grisel's syndrome (C1-C2 rotatory fixation at IOT-HCFMUSP

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    Fabiano Cortese Paula Gomes

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar o perfil dos casos de fixação rotatória C1-C2, seu tratamento e complicações. MÉTODOS: Estudo retrospectivo de 35 casos com fixação rotatória C1-C2 no período de 1982 a 2008. Foram analisados a idade, sexo, quadro clínico, classificação, tratamento e complicações. RESULTADOS: Dos 35 casos avaliados, 19 eram meninas e 16 meninos, sendo a idade média de 6,9 anos. O principal sintoma foi dor (85%, seguida por deformidade (71% e perda de mobilidade cervical (62%. Foram encontrados de acordo com a classificação Fielding e Hawkins 11 casos tipo I, 14 tipo II e 5 casos tipo III. Nenhum caso foi classificado como tipo IV. Em cinco casos a classificação não pode ser obtida. O tratamento mais utilizado foi o uso do colar cervical (20 casos, seguido pela tração (seis casos e a artrodese C1-C2 (seis casos. CONCLUSÃO: A fixação rotatória C1-C2 é uma doença muito mais frequente na infância, em geral causada por uma contratura do músculo esternocleidomastoideo seguida de uma IVAS. Na maioria dos casos a fixação é reversível somente com tratamento conservador, em especial se o tratamento for precoce. Em casos com evolução tardia, pode ser necessária a tração mentoneira ou craniana e nos casos irredutíveis a artrodese C1-C2.OBJETIVOS: Evaluar el perfil de los casos de fijación rotatoria C1-C2, su tratamiento y complicaciones. MÉTODOS: Estudio retrospectivo de 35 casos con fijación rotatoria C1-C2 en el período de 1982 a 2008. Se analizó edad, sexo, cuadro clínico, clasificación, tratamiento y complicaciones. RESULTADOS: De los 35 casos, 19 eran niñas y 16 niños, siendo 6,9 años la edad promedio. El principal síntoma fue dolor (85%, seguido por deformidad (71% y pérdida de movilidad cervical (62%. Fueron encontrados 11 casos tipo I de Fielding y Hawkins, 14 casos tipo II y 5 casos tipo III. Ningún caso fue clasificado como de tipo IV. En 5 casos, no se pudo obtener la clasificación. El

  3. Book reviews

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    Redactie KITLV

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Create Dangerously: The Immigrant Artist at Work, by Edwidge Danticat (reviewed by Colin Dayan Gordon K. Lewis on Race, Class and Ideology in the Caribbean, edited by Anthony P. Maingot (reviewed by Bridget Brereton Freedom and Constraint in Caribbean Migration and Diaspora, edited by Elizabeth Thomas-Hope (reviewed by Mary Chamberlain Black Europe and the African Diaspora, edited by Darlene Clark Hine, Trica Danielle Keaton & Stephen Small (reviewed by Gert Oostindie Caribbean Middlebrow: Leisure Culture and the Middle Class, by Belinda E dmondson (reviewed by Karla Slocum Global Change and Caribbean Vulnerability: Environment, Economy and Society at Risk, edited by Duncan McGregor, David Dodman & David Barker (reviewed by Bonham C. Richardson Encountering Revolution: Haiti and the Making of the Early Republic, by Ashli White (reviewed by Matt Clavin Red and Black in Haiti: Radicalism, Conflict, and Political Change, 1934-1957, by Matthew J. Smith (reviewed by Robert Fatton Jr. Cuba in the American Imagination: Metaphor and the Imperial Ethos, by Louis A. Pérez Jr. (reviewed by Camillia Cowling Seeds of Insurrection: Domination and Resistance on Western Cuban Plantations, 1808-1848, by Manuel Barcia (reviewed by Matt D. Childs Epidemic Invasions: Yellow Fever and the Limits of Cuban Independence, 1878-1930, by Mariola Espinosa (reviewed by Cruz Maria Nazario The Cuban Connection: Drug Trafficking, Smuggling, and Gambling in Cuba from the 1920s to the Revolution, by Eduardo Sáenz Rovner (reviewed by Ivelaw Lloyd Griffith Before Fidel: The Cuba I Remember, by Francisco José Moreno, and The Boys from Dolores: Fidel Castro’s Schoolmates from Revolution to Exile, by Patrick Symmes (reviewed by Pedro Pérez Sarduy Lam, by Jacques Leenhardt & Jean-Louis Paudrat (reviewed by Sally Price Healing Dramas: Divination and Magic in Modern Puerto Rico, by Raquel Romberg (reviewed by Grant Jewell

  4. Smelter Jobs? Societal changes and employment opportunities for women in East Iceland Er álið málið? Samfélagsbreytingar og atvinnumöguleikar kvenna á Austurlandi

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    Tinna Kristbjörg Halldórsdóttir

    2012-12-01

    ýna að álversframkvæmdir hafa haft margt gott í för hvað varðar aukna þjónustu í samfélaginu. Þær hafa skapað ný störf, þó í meira mæli fyrir karla en konur. Skipulag vinnu, lítill sveigjanleiki starfa og langar vegalengdir er meðal þess sem oftast var nefnt sem ástæður þess að ekki fleiri konur starfa í álverinu en raunin er. Enn er til staðar verulegur kynjahalli á Austurlandi.

  5. AN ANALYSE ABOUT THE WORDS WHICH INDICATE SITUATION CHANGE IN TURKEY’S TURKISH LANGUAGE TÜRKİYE TÜRKÇESİNDE DURUM DEĞİŞİKLİĞİ GÖSTEREN KELİMELER ÜZERİNE BİR İNCELEME

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    Ahmet AKÇATAŞ

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Some pure verbs and verbs come from adjective, adjectives, participle, nouns and whole expression introduce the transition from one situation to another situation. These words which express change process, process either in respect of its own meaning or the form from sentence meaning. The richness in the way of word derivation in Turkish provides determining situation change and various types of word. The aim of this paper is to determine the functions of the words and the words which Express situation change.While the fact which Express situation change, provide a change meaning for sentence, it regulates the other words in text. So the facts which express situation change, are important.“Everwhere was covered by snow all winter. Ices are melting, now, roads are cleaned. Spring will come no longer.”in text, the change which is expressed by “melting” verb, also regulates the other changes in nature. The changes in transition from winter season to the spring and this process have been founded around “-eri”verb. Türkiye Türkçesinde bazı aslî ve sıfattan türemiş fiiller, sıfatlar, sıfat-filler, isimler ve anlatım bütünü, bir durumdan farklı bir duruma geçişi anlatır. Değişim sürecini anlatan bu kelimeler, ya kendi anlamlarına göre veya cümlenin anlamından kaynaklanan bir şekilde işler. Türkçenin kelime türetme yollarındaki zenginlik, değişik türlerdeki kelimelerle değişim durumlarının tespit edilmesini sağlar. Bu makalenin amacı, durum değişikliği gösteren bu kelimeleri ve bunların işleyişlerini tespit etmektir.Durum değişikliğini gösteren unsur, cümleye değişim anlamı katarken, metindeki diğer kelimeleri de düzenler. Bu yüzden durum değişikliği gösteren kelimeler, önemli bir yere sahiptir.“Bütün kış her yer karla kaplıydı. Şimdi buzlar eriyor, yollar açılıyor. Artık bahar gelecek.” metninde, “eriyor” yükleminin gösterdiği değişim, tabiattaki di

  6. Women in agriculture. A gender perspective Staða kvenna í landbúnaði. Kynjafræðilegur sjónarhóll

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    Hjördís Sigursteinsdóttir

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract in English is unavailable.Meginmarkmið greinarinnar er að leita svara við því hvort til staðar sé kynjahalli á lögbýlum hér á landi þegar skoðaðir eru tilteknir þættir sem viðkoma félags- og efnahagslegri stöðu kynjanna. Erlendir femínískir fræðimenn hafa fært rök fyrir því að innan landbúnaðargeirans lifi feðraveldishugsunin enn góðu lífi og að félagsleg uppbygging hans ali á kynjaójafnrétti. Fáar kynjafræðilegar rannsóknir eru hins vegar til um stöðu kvenna í landbúnaði hér á landi ef frá er talin meistaranámsrannsókn Hjördísar Sigursteinsdóttur sem þessi grein byggist á. Þátttakendur í rannsókninni voru á aldrinum 18-70 ára og búsettir á lögbýlum á Íslandi. Notast var við lögbýlaskrá, útgefna af landbúnaðarráðuneytinu árið 2006, og þjóðskrá Hagstofu Íslands frá 1. desember 2006. Úrtakið var 1.985 manns, 49% karlar og 51% konur. Spurningalistinn var sendur til þátttakenda í janúar 2007. Í úrvinnslunni voru tengsl breyta ýmist skoðuð með fylgniútreikningum eða samanburði á meðaltölum. Svarhlutfallið var 53,5%. Þátttakendur endurspegluðu úrtakið vel með tilliti til kynferðis og landsvæða. Niðurstöðurnar sýndu tiltekinn kynjahalla á lögbýlum, konum í óhag. Þær voru almennt ekki eins ánægðar og karlar með búsetuskilyrði sín og barna sinna. Félags- og efnahagsleg staða kvenna var almennt lakari en karla þegar spurt var um þætti sem snertu tengsl við ættingja og vini, búrekstur, búsetuskilyrði, eignarhald og tekjur. Þetta má teljast áhyggjuefni, bæði út frá sjónarhóli kynjajafnréttis og byggðastefnu.

  7. Gender Bias in Politics. Changes and Factors of Influence Kynjaskekkja í stjórnmálum. Breytingar og áhrifaþættir

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Þorgerður Einarsdóttir

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract in English is unavailable.Í greininni er fjallað um kynjaskekkju í stjórnmálum með sérstakri áherslu á hlutfall kvenna og karla á þjóðþingum. Kynntar eru helstu skýringar fræðimanna á ástæðum fyrir lágu hlutfalli kvenna sem kjörinna fulltrúa. Umfjöllunin sýnir að staða kvenna í stjórnmálakerfinu tengist margvíslegum þáttum en þrír meginflokkar ástæðna eru taldir mikilvægastir; félagslegar og efnahagslegar ástæður, ástæður í sjálfu pólitíska kerfinu og menningarlegar ástæður. Þessir þættir eiga í flóknu innbyrðis samspili og tengsl milli þátta eru sjaldan einhlít. Í greininni er fjallað um nokkrar helstu fjölþjóðlegu kannanirnar á þessu sviði og Ísland skoðað með hliðsjón af þeim. Ljósi er varpað á þá þætti sem hafa áhrif til breytinga, hverjir eru líklegir til að eiga sérstaklega við um Ísland og hvernig má skilja sérstöðu Íslands í norrænu og alþjóðlegu samhengi. Í greininni eru færð rök fyrir því að sterk staða hægri sjónarmiða og einstaklingshyggju eigi þátt í því að þróunin hérlendis hefur verið hægari en í ríkjum hinna Norðurlandanna. Þessi sjónarmið tengjast bæði pólitíska kerfinu og pólitískri hugmyndafræði sem og menningarlegum þáttum á borð við hugmyndir um samfélagsleg hlutverk kynjanna. Fjölgun kvenna á þingi vorið 2009 eftir kerfishrun og ákall um uppgjör við tímabil róttækrar frjálshyggju renna stoðum undir þetta. Þá eru í greininni færð rök fyrir því að kvennahreyfingin á Íslandi hafi haft mikil áhrif á hlut kvenna í stjórnmálum, en kvennahreyfingin hefur tengst stjórnmálunum sterkum böndum og haft áhrif á aðra flokka.

  8. Periodicity and map for discovery of new ionic liquids

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG; Suojiang

    2006-01-01

    [1]Trohalaki,S.,Pachter,R.,Drake,G.W.,Hawkins,T.,Quantitative structure-property relationships for melting points and densities of ionic liquids,Energy & Fuels,2005,19:279-284.[2]Holbery,J.D.,Seddon,K.R.,The phase behavior of 1-alkyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborates,ionic liquids and ionic liquid crystals,J.Chem.Soc.Dalton Trans.,1999,13:2133-2139.[3]Katritzky,A.R.,Lomaka,A.,Petrukhin,R.et al.,QSPR correlation of the melting point for pyridinium bromides,potential ionic liquids,J.Chem.Inf.Comput.Sci.,2002,42:71-74.[4]Katritzky,A.R.,Jain,R.,Lomaka,A.et al.,Correlation of the melting points of potential ionic liquids (imidazolium bromides and benzimidazolium bromides) using the CODESSA program,J.Chem.Inf.Comput.Sci.,2002,42:225-231.[5]Eike,D.M.,Brennecke,J.F.,Maginn,E.J.,Predicting melting points of quaternary ammonium ionic liquids,Green Chemistry,2003,5:323-328.[6]Dupont,J.,Souza,R.F.,Suarez,A.Z.,Ionic liquid (molten salt) phase organometallic catalysis,J.Chem.Rev.,2002,102:3667-3692.[7]Turner,E.A.,Pye,C.C.,Singer,R.D.,Use of ab initio calculations toward the rational design of room temperature ionic liquids,J.Phys.Chem.A,2003,107(13):2277-2288.[8]Morrow,T.I.,Maginn,E.J.,Molecular dynamics study of the ionic liquid 1-n-butyl-3-methylimidazolium hexafluorophosphate,J.Phys.Chem.B,2002,106:12807-12813.[9]Cadena,C.,Antony,J.L.,Shah,J.K.et al.,Why is CO2 so soluble in imidazolium-based ionic liquids? J.Am.Chem.Soc.,2004,126(16):5300-5308.[10]Liu,Z.,Huang,S.,Wang,W.,A refined force field for molecular simulation of imidazolium-based ionic liquids,J.Phys.Chem.B,2004,108(34):12978-12989.[11]Earle,M.J,Seddon,K.R.,Ionic liquids,green solvents for the future,Pure Appl.Chem.,2000,72(7):1391-1398.[12]Mendeleev on periodicity:I and II,http://www.rod.beavon.clara.net/periodic1.htm[13]Hoffmann,R.,Building bridges between inorganic and organic chemistry,Angew.Chem.Int.Ed.Engl.,1982,21(10):711-800.

  9. Subacromial Tenoxicam Injection in the Treatment of Impingement Syndrome

    Science.gov (United States)

    Çift, Hakan; Özkan, Feyza Ünlü; Şeker, Ali; İşyar, Mehmet; Ceyhan, Erman; Mahiroğulları, Mahir

    2014-01-01

    Objectives: As subacromial bursa injection is widely used for pain relief and functional improvements in patients with periarticular shoulder disorder, we aimed to present our results of subacromial tenoxicam injection in the treatment of impingement syndrome. Methods: Patients presented to the Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Istanbul Medipol University with the primary complaints of shoulder pain from January 2012 to June 2013 were selected. Those who met the following inclusion criteria were finally considered: 1) who had a clinical sign of a painful arc and positive in Hawkins test and/or Neer impingement sign; 2) who had a precise rotator cuff injury including partial cuff tears, or subacromial bursitis detected during ultrasonography or MRI. The exclusion criteria were as follows: 1) who underwent shoulder surgery; 2) who had full thickness rotator cuff rupture; 3) who had hemiplegic shoulder pain; and 4) who displayed any suspected fracture on X-ray or had a recent shoulder trauma; 5) who showed limited active ROM and stiffness due to adhesive capsulitis. Thirty one shoulders out of thirty patients were treated with subacromial tenoxicam injection. Ten of them were left shoulders. Fifteen of the patients were women.. Patients had a mean age of 51.6 (30-73). Patients were evaluated 4 times. Before the first injection, 1 week after the first injection, 2 weeks after the second injection and 3 weeks after the third injection. In every injection 20 mg tenoxicam was performed. Results: In order to relieve the pain; two patients were given only one injection, thirteen patients were given two injections and “3 injections protocol” were done to fifteen patients. The mean pre- and posttreatment VAS scores were 7.9 (between, 7-9) and 2.7 (between, 2-4) points respectively. The average pre and posttreatment DASH scores were 59.41 (between, 45-80) and 14 (between, 8.3-25.8) points respectively. The mean pre and posttreatment range of motion were 106

  10. Data Interconnection Exploration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iniguez, Alfredo Bravo

    2011-01-01

    3 Myers Hawkins, another intern, to not only create the new queue for receiving inspection but also a central web portal for the newly combined inspection group.

  11. Influence of Curve Number variation on peak discharge of small catchment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banasik, Kazimierz; Hejduk, Leszek; Banasik, Jerzy; Rutkowska, Agnieszka

    2014-05-01

    In this study, we have examined the impact of Curve Number variability on peak discharge, estimated with the use of lumped parametric model SEGMO. Analysis has been conducted for a small (82 km2) agro-forested lowland catchment, located in the center of Poland. Both, the curve number, which is determining runoff depth from rainfall depth, and the IUH characteristics (such as lag time, time to peak, maximum ordinate), which are used to transform the runoff depth into direct runoff hydrograph, have been estimated on the base of recorded in the catchment rainfall-runoff events (Banasik et al. 2011, Banasik et al. 2013). All of them include some stochastic variables, however IUH has been approximated, and used in computation as deterministic. A big variability in CNs has been found, when they were computed from recorded rainfall-runoff data. Next, using the 40 rainfall-runoff data set, the curve numbers were computed again, for each of the ordered pairs, and finally plotted against rainfall depth. Curve numbers were found to approximate an exponential function, varying with storm depth (i.e. decreasing with rainfall increase), and approaches a constant value (CN∞=69.8, which was very close to that value estimated on the base of soil type and land use) at higher rainfalls, what is call a standard behavior (Van Mullem et al. 2002). Standard error of estimation of CN was 1.54. The examination indicated high sensitivity of the flood discharge, estimated as catchment response to 100-year rainfall, to CN changes. Banasik K., Hejduk L. & Oygarden L., 2011. Prediction and reduction of diffuse pollution, solid emission and extreme flows from rural areas - case study of small agricultural catchments. Warsaw University of Life Sciences Press, Warsaw. Banasik K., Hejduk L., Banasik J., 2013. Variation of IUH shapes with size of rainfall-runoff events in a small agricultural catchment. EGU General Assembly, Abstract & Poster. Van Mullem J.A., Woodward D.E., Hawkins R

  12. The Hug-up Test: A New, Sensitive Diagnostic Test for Supraspinatus Tears

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yu-Lei Liu; Ying-Fang Ao; Hui Yan; Guo-Qing Cui

    2016-01-01

    Background:The supraspinatus tendon is the most commonly affected tendon in rotator cufftears.Early detection ofa supraspinatus tear using an accurate physical examination is,therefore,important.However,the currently used physical tests for detecting supraspinatus tears are poor diagnostic indicators and involve a wide range of sensitivity and specificity values.Therefore,the aim of this study was to establish a new physical test for the diagnosis of supraspinatus tears and evaluate its accuracy in comparison with conventional tests.Methods:Between November 2012 and January 2014,200 consecutive patients undergoing shoulder arthroscopy were prospectively evaluated preoperatively.The hug-up test,empty can (EC) test,full can (FC) test,Neer impingement sign,and Hawkins-Kennedy impingement sign were used and compared statistically for their accuracy in terms of supraspinatus tears,with arthroscopic findings as the gold standard.Muscle strength was precisely quantified using an electronic digital tensiometer.Results:The prevalence of supraspinatus tears was 76.5%.The hug-up test demonstrated the highest sensitivity (94.1%),with a low negative likelihood ratio (NLR,0.08) and comparable specificity (76.6%) compared with the other four tests.The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve for the hug-up test was 0.854,with no statistical difference compared with the EC test (z =1.43 8,P =0.075) or the FC test (z =1.498,P =0.067).The hug-up test showed no statistical difference in terms of detecting different tear patterns according to the position (x2 =0.578,P =0.898) and size (Fisher's exact test,P > 0.999) compared with the arthroscopic examination.The interobserver reproducibility of the hug-up test was high,with a kappa coefficient of 0.823.Conclusions:The hug-up test can accurately detect supraspinatus tears with a high sensitivity,comparable specificity,and low NLR compared with the conventional clinical tests and could,therefore,improve the

  13. Impact of outpatient clinic ultrasound imaging in the diagnosis and treatment for shoulder impingement: a randomized prospective study.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Saeed, Aamir

    2013-11-05

    The use of musculoskeletal ultrasonography (MSUS) in guiding subdeltoid injection has been shown to improve outcome up to 6 weeks in a few small studies. A recent meta-analysis identified the need for further studies with longer-term outcome and larger sample size. This randomized prospective study assessed whether clinic-based MSUS can significantly improve diagnostic accuracy in shoulder pain and whether MSUS-guided shoulder injection results in improved long-term outcomes. One hundred consecutive patients with 125 painful shoulders were recruited. Patients were randomized to receive either sonographic assessment with consequent palpation-guided injection (Group 1, n = 66) or sonographic assessment with a MSUS-guided injection of 40 mg of methylprednisolone acetate (Group 2, n = 59). A blinded rheumatologist (ADF) performed clinical assessments at baseline, 6 and 12 weeks including shoulder function tests (SFTs) (Hawkins-Kennedy test, supraspinatus tendon tenderness), physician global assessment (PGA) and patient visual analogue scores (VAS) for pain (0-10). Eighty patients with 90 symptomatic shoulders completed 12-week follow-up. Twenty patients, 11 (20 shoulders) from the palpation-guided group and 9 (15 shoulders) from the MSUS-guided group, were excluded at 6 weeks either due to requirement for repeat injection or due to surgical referral. Mean age for patients was 57.7 years, and 65 % patients were female; mean shoulder pain duration was 18 weeks (range 14-22 weeks). SFTs, patient VAS and PGA scores for pain improved significantly from baseline in both groups with significantly greater improvements in the MSUS-guided group (44 shoulders) compared to the palpation-guided group (46 shoulders) in all parameters at 6 (p < 0.01) and 12 weeks (p < 0.05). The use of MSUS in guiding subdeltoid injection has been shown to improve outcome up to 6 weeks in a few small studies. A recent meta-analysis identified the need for further studies with longer

  14. Distributed learning process: principles of design and implementation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. N. Boychenko

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available At the present stage, broad information and communication technologies (ICT usage in educational practices is one of the leading trends of global education system development. This trend has led to the instructional interaction models transformation. Scientists have developed the theory of distributed cognition (Salomon, G., Hutchins, E., and distributed education and training (Fiore, S. M., Salas, E., Oblinger, D. G., Barone, C. A., Hawkins, B. L.. Educational process is based on two separated in time and space sub-processes of learning and teaching which are aimed at the organization of fl exible interactions between learners, teachers and educational content located in different non-centralized places.The purpose of this design research is to fi nd a solution for the problem of formalizing distributed learning process design and realization that is signifi cant in instructional design. The solution to this problem should take into account specifi cs of distributed interactions between team members, which becomes collective subject of distributed cognition in distributed learning process. This makes it necessary to design roles and functions of the individual team members performing distributed educational activities. Personal educational objectives should be determined by decomposition of team objectives into functional roles of its members with considering personal and learning needs and interests of students.Theoretical and empirical methods used in the study: theoretical analysis of philosophical, psychological, and pedagogical literature on the issue, analysis of international standards in the e-learning domain; exploration on practical usage of distributed learning in academic and corporate sectors; generalization, abstraction, cognitive modelling, ontology engineering methods.Result of the research is methodology for design and implementation of distributed learning process based on the competency approach. Methodology proposed by

  15. The Hug-up Test: A New, Sensitive Diagnostic Test for Supraspinatus Tears

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu-Lei Liu

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The supraspinatus tendon is the most commonly affected tendon in rotator cuff tears. Early detection of a supraspinatus tear using an accurate physical examination is, therefore, important. However, the currently used physical tests for detecting supraspinatus tears are poor diagnostic indicators and involve a wide range of sensitivity and specificity values. Therefore, the aim of this study was to establish a new physical test for the diagnosis of supraspinatus tears and evaluate its accuracy in comparison with conventional tests. Methods: Between November 2012 and January 2014, 200 consecutive patients undergoing shoulder arthroscopy were prospectively evaluated preoperatively. The hug-up test, empty can (EC test, full can (FC test, Neer impingement sign, and Hawkins-Kennedy impingement sign were used and compared statistically for their accuracy in terms of supraspinatus tears, with arthroscopic findings as the gold standard. Muscle strength was precisely quantified using an electronic digital tensiometer. Results: The prevalence of supraspinatus tears was 76.5%. The hug-up test demonstrated the highest sensitivity (94.1%, with a low negative likelihood ratio (NLR, 0.08 and comparable specificity (76.6% compared with the other four tests. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve for the hug-up test was 0.854, with no statistical difference compared with the EC test (z = 1.438, P = 0.075 or the FC test (z = 1.498, P = 0.067. The hug-up test showed no statistical difference in terms of detecting different tear patterns according to the position (χ2 = 0.578, P = 0.898 and size (Fisher′s exact test, P > 0.999 compared with the arthroscopic examination. The interobserver reproducibility of the hug-up test was high, with a kappa coefficient of 0.823. Conclusions: The hug-up test can accurately detect supraspinatus tears with a high sensitivity, comparable specificity, and low NLR compared with the conventional

  16. Социально-психологические теории формирования аддикций

    OpenAIRE

    Цветкова, Лариса

    2011-01-01

    В статье представлен обзор зарубежных социально-психологических теорий формирования наркотизма: теория социального научения или социально-когнитивная теория (Bandura), теория социальных сетей (Needle et al.) и теория социального влияния (Ling et al.), теория стадий изменения поведения (Prochaska, DiClemente), теоретическая модель убеждений в отношении здоровья (Rosenstock), социально-экологическая теория (Hansen), теория социального контроля (Elliot), модель социального развития (Hawkins, Wei...

  17. El boto y los geoglifos de Nasca: una contribución de la investigación estética en la arqueología

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    1974-01-01

    Full Text Available Dans cette nouvelle contribution de la recherche esthétique a l'archéologie, l'auteur expose tout d'abord l'idée que l'art et la religion se confondent en une harmonie conjuguant le fondement métaphysique du rite et la plastique que celui-ci adopte les deux éléments se mêlent dans un propos mystérieux mais également éloquent. L'art, comme dépassement des énergies, trouve ici la possibilité de réaliser, au moyen de ce reste d' 'énergie culturelle', la forme qu'exige la signification du mythe. Cette manifestation n'est pas nécessairement plastique elle peut s'exprimer par des formes artistiques différentes, telles les danses, les chants ou les actes sportifs, dans des compétitions (comme dans l' 'agon' grec se déroulant sur des espaces rigoureusement déterminés et consacrés à l'accomplissement des rites. Ce sont la les fondements du jugement critico-esthétique sur lequel s'appuie la thèse de l'auteur. L'astrologie (ou la religiosité, puisqu'il y a harmonie entre l'astre solaire et l'existence humaine se conjugue à l'art et s'exprime dans les multiples et complexes tracés rectilignes de plusieurs kilomètres parfois, au coté d'autres dessins totémiques enchevêtrés et en relation avec les tracés. L'auteur fait référence aux études antérieures sur le sujet et analyse le 'Rapport Hawkins', qui constitue l'apport scientifique le plus récent et attribue a ces tracés une date d'exécution entre 390 et 500 de l'ère chrétienne. Hawkins déclare que ces tracés 'ne semblent pas avoir de signification astronomique' ainsi tend-il a rejoindre l'hypothèse ludique de l'auteur de ces lignes en y voyant des expressions sociales ou intervient le sens du jeu et du sport religieux. Parmi les nombreux glyphes totémiques figure celui de l'orque (Orca gladiator, déjà présent dans la céramique de la première phase culturelle 'naturaliste', dont l'apogée se place durant 'la période correspondant du sous-style Nasca de

  18. The potentially hazardous asteroid 1996 JG and the North omega-Scorpiid meteoroid stream

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madiedo, J.; Trigo-Rodríguez, J.

    2014-07-01

    During the end of May and mid June, meteor and fireball activity from the Scorpiid-Sagitariid complex can be noticed. One of the streams belonging to this complex is the North ω-Scorpiids (NSC), which was previously designated by some authors as the ω-Scorpiids [1]. This is included in the IAU Working list of meteor showers with the code 66 NSC (REF). The activity period of this minor shower goes from May 23 to June 15 with a maximum around June 1st. The Apollo-type orbit of NSC meteoroids let Drummond to propose 1862 Apollo as the parent asteroid of this meteor shower [2]. Nowadays, however, the potentially-hazardous asteroid (PHA) 1996 JG is included among the potential parent bodies of this stream [1]. We report here a magnitude -10 fireball recorded on June 6, 2010, at 23h18m38 ± 1s UTC from two video stations working in the framework of the SPanish Meteor Network (SPMN). High-sensitivity CCD video cameras recorded the event and allowed the reconstruction of the atmospheric trajectory, velocity, and radiant determination. From such data the orbital elements of the meteoroid were obtained, finding a clear association with the North ω-Scorpiids meteoroid stream. The emission spectrum produced by this event, which received the code SPMN060610, is also analyzed. From the deduced orbital elements, by using the ORAS software (ORbital Association Software) we confirm that asteroid 1996 JG is the likely parent body of the North ω-Scorpiid stream. Thus, for example, by using the Southworth and Hawkins dissimilarity criterion, we obtain a value of D_{SH} of about 0.09 [3]. In addition, we have performed an orbital integration by using the Mercury 6 software [4]. The gravitational fields of Venus, the Earth-Moon system, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn were considered. The orbits of 1996 JG and the SPMN060610 meteoroid were integrated back for 20,000 years. As shown in the figure, the DSH criterion reveals a link between both bodies, with the values of DSH being less than 0

  19. SU-E-T-69: A Radiobiological Investigation of Dose Escalation in Lower Oesophageal Tumours with a Focus On Gastric Toxicity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carrington, R [Cardiff University, Cardiff, Wales (United Kingdom); Staffurth, J; Spezi, E; Crosby, T [Velindre Cancer Centre, Cardiff, Wales (United Kingdom); Warren, S; Partridge, M; Hawkins, M [CRUK/MRC Oxford Institute for Radiation Oncology, Oxford (United Kingdom); Gwynne, S [Singleton Hospital, Swansea, Wales (United Kingdom)

    2015-06-15

    Dr Partridge are supported by Cancer Research UK. Grant number: C5255/A15935. Dr Hawkins is supported by MRC grant MC-PC-12001/2.

  20. Video Meteor Fluxes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campbell-Brown, M. D.; Braid, D.

    2011-01-01

    The flux of meteoroids, or number of meteoroids per unit area per unit time, is critical for calibrating models of meteoroid stream formation and for estimating the hazard to spacecraft from shower and sporadic meteors. Although observations of meteors in the millimetre to centimetre size range are common, flux measurements (particularly for sporadic meteors, which make up the majority of meteoroid flux) are less so. It is necessary to know the collecting area and collection time for a given set of observations, and to correct for observing biases and the sensitivity of the system. Previous measurements of sporadic fluxes are summarized in Figure 1; the values are given as a total number of meteoroids striking the earth in one year to a given limiting mass. The Gr n et al. (1985) flux model is included in the figure for reference. Fluxes for sporadic meteoroids impacting the Earth have been calculated for objects in the centimeter size range using Super-Schmidt observations (Hawkins & Upton, 1958); this study used about 300 meteors, and used only the physical area of overlap of the cameras at 90 km to calculate the flux, corrected for angular speed of meteors, since a large angular speed reduces the maximum brightness of the meteor on the film, and radiant elevation, which takes into account the geometric reduction in flux when the meteors are not perpendicular to the horizontal. They bring up corrections for both partial trails (which tends to increase the collecting area) and incomplete overlap at heights other than 90 km (which tends to decrease it) as effects that will affect the flux, but estimated that the two effects cancelled one another. Halliday et al. (1984) calculated the flux of meteorite-dropping fireballs with fragment masses greater than 50 g, over the physical area of sky accessible to the MORP fireball cameras, counting only observations in clear weather. In the micron size range, LDEF measurements of small craters on spacecraft have been used to

  1. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redactie KITLV

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Maximilian C. Forte; Ruins of Absence, Presence of Caribs: (PostColonial Representations of Aboriginality in Trinidad and Tobago (Neil L. Whitehead Nick Nesbitt; Voicing Memory: History and Subjectivity in French Caribbean Literature (H. Adlai Murdoch Camilla Stevens; Family and Identity in Contemporary Cuban and Puerto Rican Drama (Lydia Platón Jonathan Goldberg; Tempest in the Caribbean (Jerry Brotton Michael Chanan; Cuban Cinema (Tamara L. Falicov Gemma Tang Nain, Barbara Bailey (eds.; Gender Equality in the Caribbean: Reality or Illusion (A. Lynn Bolles Ernesto Sagás, Sintia E. Molina (eds.; Dominican Migration: Transnational Perspectives (Rosemary Polanco Christine M. Du Bois; Images of West Indian Immigrants in Mass Media: The Struggle for a Positive Ethnic Reputation (Dwaine Plaza Luis Raúl Cámara Fuertes; The Phenomenon of Puerto Rican Voting (Annabelle Conroy Philip Gould; Barbaric Traffic: Commerce and Antislavery in the Eighteenth-Century Atlantic World (William A. Pettigrew Laurent Dubois; Avengers of the New World: The Story of the Haitian Revolution (Yvonne Fabella Sibylle Fischer; Modernity Disavowed: Haiti and the Cultures of Slavery in the Age of Revolution (Ashli White Philip D. Morgan, Sean Hawkins (eds.; Black Experience and the British Empire (James Walvin Richard Smith; Jamaican Volunteers in the First World War: Race, Masculinity and the Development of National Consciousness (Linden Lewis Muriel McAvoy; Sugar Baron: Manuel Rionda and the Fortunes of Pre-Castro Cuba (Richard Sicotte Ned Sublette; Cuba and Its Music: From the First Drums to the Mambo (Pedro Pérez Sarduy Frances Negrón-Muntaner; Boricua Pop: Puerto Ricans and the Latinization of American Culture (Halbert Barton Gordon Rohlehr; A Scuffling of Islands: Essays on Calypso (Stephen Stuempfle Shannon Dudley; Carnival Music in Trinidad: Experiencing Music, Expressing Culture (Donald R. Hill Jean

  2. Appendix:Contents of Vol.16,No.1,2000

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    A Smooth Expansion Model for PKI Gong Jian,Liu Jianhang(1) Research on Tunneling Techniques in Virtual Private Networks Zhao Aqun,Yuan Yuan,Ji Yi,Gu Guanqun(6) Wavelet Network Based MQAM Digital Communication Adaptive Equalizers Zhang Guoan,Zhang Xiaodong,Bi Guangguo(13) Application of VQ-HMM to Chinese Spoken Digit Recognition Zhao Li,Liu Yilong,Zou Cairong,Wu Zhenyang(20) Image Enlargement Via Local Matching Fang Zhongxuan,Wu Lenan(24) A Self-Referenced Fiber-Optic Refractive Index Sensor for Cure Monitoring of Epoxy Composites Yang Chun,Luo Fei(28) Research on Rugged Resonant DC Link Soft-Switching Static Inverter Xiao Lan,Hu Minqiang(34) A Decentralized Autonomous Control on Highly Redundant Robot Manipulators Li Chunmei,Du Zhengchun,Yan Yuling,Yan Jingping(41) A General Study of the Number of Assembly Configurations for Multi-Circuit Planar Linkages Hang Lubin,Jin Qiong,Wu Jun,Yang Tingli(46) Research of Shaping Law of Electrochemical Perforation with Fixed Cathode Wang Yihong,Xu Jiawen,Yun Naizhang(52) Analysis and Simulation of Errors in Software Synchronous Sampling in Periodic-Signal Measurement Ma Hongzhong,Hu Qiansheng(57) New Principle for Grounding Fault Feeder Detection in MV Distributions with Neutral Ineffectively Earthed Zeng Xiangjun,Yin Xianggen,Chen Deshu,Zhang Zhe(64) Numerical Calculations and Cold Tests for Flow Fields of a 220t/h Retrofitted Oil-Boiler Zhu Shijun,Cheng Yongyuan,Cai Song,Xiao Jun(70) Active Vibration Control and Stability Analysis of Cantilever Plate Qian Zhendong,Huang Wei,Chen Guoping,Zhu Demao(75) Study on the Design Criteria for Prestressed Concrete Pavements Sun Baojun,Roger K.Hawkins,Lii Zhitao(80) Theoretical Analysis of a New Artificial Plastic Hinge at the Frame Beam End Fu Chuanguo,Jiang Yongsheng,Liu Meijing,Liang Shuting,Xu Qingfeng(89) Virtual Laboratory for Corporations:The Source of Policy Yu Yuehai,He Jianmin(95) Fan-Type Condition and Panconnectivity Lin Wensong,Gu Guohua,Song Zengmin(101) Mushroom Pulp

  3. The luminosity function at the end of the main sequence: Results of a deep, large-area, CCD survey for cool dwarfs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirkpatrick, J. Davy; Mcgraw, John T.; Hess, Thomas R.; Liebert, James; Mccarthy, Donald W., Jr.

    1994-01-01

    The luminosity function at the end of the main sequence is determined from V, R, and I data taken by the charge coupled devices (CCD)/Transit Instrument, a dedicated telescope surveying an 8.25 min wide strip of sky centered at delta = +28 deg, thus sampling Galactic latitudes of +90 deg down to -35 deg. A selection of 133 objects chosen via R - I and V - I colors has been observed spectroscopically at the 4.5 m Multiple Mirror Telescope to assess contributions by giants and subdwarfs and to verify that the reddest targets are objects of extremely late spectral class. Eighteen dwarfs of type M6 or later have been discovered, with the latest being of type M8.5. Data used for the determination of the luminosity function cover 27.3 sq. deg down to a completeness limit of R = 19.0. This luminosity function, computed at V, I, and bolometric magnitudes, shows an increase at the lowest luminosities, corresponding to spectral types later than M6- an effect suggested in earlier work by Reid & Gilmore and Legget & Hawkins. When the luminosity function is segregated into north Galactic and south Galactic portions, it is found that the upturn at faint magnitudes exists only in the southern sample. In fact, no dwarfs with M(sub I) is greater than or equal to 12.0 are found within the limiting volume of the 19.4 sq deg northern sample, in stark contrast to the smaller 7.9 sq deg area at southerly latitudes where seven such dwarfs are found. This fact, combined with the fact that the Sun is located approximately 10-40 pc north of the midplane, suggests that the latest dwarfs are part of a young population with a scale height much smaller than the 350 pc value generally adopted for other M dwarfs. These objects comprise a young population either because the lower metallicities prevelant at earlier epochs inhibited the formation of late M dwarfs or because the older counterparts of this population have cooled beyond current detection limits. The latter scenario would hold if these

  4. Graeco-Roman Astro-Architecture: The Temples of Pompeii

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tiede, Vance R.

    2014-01-01

    Roman architect Marcus Vetruvius Pollio (ca. 75-15 BC) wrote, “[O]ne who professes himself as an architect should be…acquainted with astronomy and the theory of the heavens…. From astronomy we find the east, west, south, and north, as well as the theory of the heavens, the Equinox, Solstice and courses of the Stars.” (De Architectura Libri Decem I:i:3,10). In order to investigate the role of astronomy in temple orientation, the author conducted a preliminary GIS DEM/Satellite Imaging survey of 11 temples at Pompeii, Italy (N 40d 45', E 14d 29'). The GIS survey measured the true azimuth and horizon altitude of each temple’s major axis and was field checked by a Ground Truth survey with theodolite and GPS, 5-18 April 2013. The resulting 3D vector data was analyzed with Program STONEHENGE (Hawkins 1983, 328) to identify the local skyline declinations aligned with the temple major axes. Analysis suggests that the major axes of the temples of Apollo, Jupiter and Venus are equally as likely to have been oriented to Pompeii’s urban grid, itself oriented NW-SE on Mt. Vesuvius’ slope and hydraulic gradient to optimize urban sewer/street drainage (cf. Hodge 1992). However, the remaining nine temples appear to be oriented to astronomical targets on the local horizon associated with Graeco-Roman calendrics and mythology. TEMPLE/ DATE/ MAJOR AXIS ASTRO-TARGET (Skyline Declination in degrees) Public Lares/AD 50/ Cross-Quarter 7 Nov/3 Feb Sun Set, Last Gleam (-16.5) Vespsian/ AD 69-79/ Cross-Quarter 7 Nov/3 Feb Sun Set, LG (-16.2) Fortuna Augusta/ AD 1/ Winter Solstice Sun Set, LG (-22.9) Aesculapius/ 100 BC/ Perseus Rise (β Persei-Algol = +33.0) & Midsummer Moon Major Stand Still Set, LG (-28.1) Isis/ 100 BC/ Midwinter Moon Major Stand Still Rise, Tangent (+28.5) & Equinox Sun Set, Tangent (-0.3) Jupiter/ 150 BC/ Θ Scorpionis-Sargas Rise (-38.0) Apollo/ 550 (rebuilt 70 BC)/ α Columbae-Phact Rise (-37.1) Venus/ 150 BC (rebuilt 70 BC)/ α Columbae-Phact Rise (-37

  5. Shoulder pain in primary care: diagnostic accuracy of clinical examination tests for non-traumatic acromioclavicular joint pain

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    Background Despite numerous methodological flaws in previous study designs and the lack of validation in primary care populations, clinical tests for identifying acromioclavicular joint (ACJ) pain are widely utilised without concern for such issues. The aim of this study was to estimate the diagnostic accuracy of traditional ACJ tests and to compare their accuracy with other clinical examination features for identifying a predominant ACJ pain source in a primary care cohort. Methods Consecutive patients with shoulder pain were recruited prospectively from primary health care clinics. Following a standardised clinical examination and diagnostic injection into the subacromial bursa, all participants received a fluoroscopically guided diagnostic block of 1% lidocaine hydrochloride (XylocaineTM) into the ACJ. Diagnostic accuracy statistics including sensitivity, specificity, predictive values, positive and negative likelihood ratios (LR+ and LR-) were calculated for traditional ACJ tests (Active Compression/O’Brien’s test, cross-body adduction, localised ACJ tenderness and Hawkins-Kennedy test), and for individual and combinations of clinical examination variables that were associated with a positive anaesthetic response (PAR) (P≤0.05) defined as 80% or more reduction in post-injection pain intensity during provocative clinical tests. Results Twenty two of 153 participants (14%) reported an 80% PAR. None of the traditional ACJ tests were associated with an 80% PAR (P0.05). Five clinical examination variables (repetitive mechanism of pain onset, no referred pain below the elbow, thickened or swollen ACJ, no symptom provocation during passive glenohumeral abduction and external rotation) were associated with an 80% PAR (P<0.05) and demonstrated an ability to accurately discriminate between an PAR and NAR (AUC 0.791; 95% CI 0.702, 0.880; P<0.001). Less than two positive clinical features resulted in 96% sensitivity (95% CI 0.78, 0.99) and a LR- 0.09 (95% CI 0.02, 0

  6. The first Shinkai dive study of the southwestern Mariana arc system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ohara, Y.; Martinez, F.; Brounce, M. N.; Pujana, I.; Ishii, T.; Stern, R. J.; Ribeiro, J.; Michibayashi, K.; Kelley, K. A.; Reagan, M. K.; Watanabe, H.; Okumura, T.; Oya, S.; Mizuno, T.

    2014-12-01

    The 3000 km long Izu-Bonin-Mariana (IBM) arc system is an outstanding example of an intraoceanic convergent plate margin. The IBM forearc is a typical nonaccretionary convergent plate margin; the inner trench slope exposes lithologies found in many ophiolites. To more clearly delineate the geology of the forearc, we have been investigating a ~500 km long region of the Mariana forearc south of ~13°N using the DSV Shinkai 6500 and deep-tow camera since 2006. Discoveries includes the presence of MORB-like basalts that formed during subduction initiation (~51 Ma) [Reagan et al., 2010, G3], a region of forearc rifting unusually close to the trench axis, the Southeast Mariana Forearc Rift [Ribeiro et al., 2013, G3], and a serpentinite-hosted ecosystem near the Challenger Deep, the Shinkai Seep Field [Ohara et al., 2012, PNAS]. However, there have been no studies on the southern Mariana area west of the Challenger Deep except one [Hawkins and Batiza, 1977, EPSL], hindering our understanding of the IBM system. To advance our biogeoscientific understanding of this region, a Shinkai 6500 diving cruise (YK14-13) was conducted in July 2014 on two major sites: the inner trench slope west of the Challenger Deep (Site A), and the southwesternmost tip of the Mariana Trough (Site B). Dives at Site A recovered very fresh mantle peridotite associated with troctolite and limestone. The limestone preserves the remnants of corals, clearly indicating that the limestone is an accreted material originating from the incoming (colliding) Caroline Ridge. The freshness of the peridotites also indicates that the collision is an ongoing event, resulting in a protruding peridotite ridge along the inner trench slope west of the Challenger Deep. Dives at Site B recovered basalt and gabbro, which is either new backarc basin crust or rifted West Mariana Ridge crust. This cruise allowed for continued sampling of the inner trench slope of the Mariana Trench, from south of Guam to the Yap Trench

  7. Teaching and Learning Astronomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pasachoff, Jay; Percy, John

    2009-07-01

    Hawkins; 25. The role of science centers and planetariums Nick Lomb; 26. Science education for the new century - a European perspective Claus Madsen; 27. Communicating astronomy to the public Charles Blue; 28. Poster highlights: public outreach in astronomy; Part IX. The Education Programs of the IAU: Preface; 29. A short overview of astronomical education carried out by the IAU Syuzo Isobe; Part X. Discussion; Index.

  8. 微型接骨板内固定结合自体松质骨移植治疗距骨颈粉碎性骨折%Open reduction and miniplate fixation with autogenous cancellous bone graft for comminuted talar neck fractures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏世隽; 蔡贤华; 刘曦明; 陈家; 张志文; 汪波

    2013-01-01

    目的 探讨切开复位微型接骨板内固定结合自体松质骨移植治疗距骨颈粉碎性骨折的手术方法及疗效.方法 2010年1月~2012年1月,对我院收治的15例闭合性距骨颈粉碎性骨折患者,根据Hawkins分型:Ⅱ型11例,Ⅲ型4例.术前常规行CT三维重建明确骨折类型和粉碎程度,择期行切开复位微型接骨板内固定加自体松质骨移植术.术后定期复查X片及CT观察骨折愈合情况,并记录相关并发症,采用Hawkins评分标准评估疗效.结果 本组14例获得随访,随访时间12~24m,,平均16.4m.术后外侧切口边缘部分坏死1例,经局部清创换药后治愈,无并发感染,骨折均在8~12w内获得愈合,平均愈合时间11.3w,无畸形愈合发生,距骨体部分坏死1例(Ⅲ型),轻度创伤性关节炎3例(Ⅱ型1例,Ⅲ型2例),末次随访时未发现内固定松动断裂.Hawkins 评分:优7例(Ⅱ型),良5例(Ⅱ型4例,Ⅲ型1例),可2例(Ⅲ型).结论 采用切开复位微型接骨板内固定结合自体松质骨移植治疗距骨颈粉碎性骨折,术中可获得满意复位,牢靠的内固定可有效维持骨折复位,自体松质骨移植可促进骨折愈合,是治疗距骨颈粉碎性骨折的有效方法.%Objective To evaluate the surgical technique and clinical outcome of open reduction and miniplate fixation with autogenous cancellous bone graft for comminuted talar neck fractures.Method 15 patients with closed comminuted talar neck fractures were included between Jan 2010 and Jan 2012.According to Hawkins classification,11 cases were type Ⅱ fractures and 4 cases type Ⅲ fractures.All cases were evaluated carefully with X-ray and CT scan preoperatively to define the type and displacement of fractures.Open reduction and miniplate fixation with autogenous cancellous bone graft was performed until the swelling of soft tissue was vanished.The surgical wound healing was assessed after the surgery.X-ray and CT scan were taken in the follow

  9. EDITORIAL: Invited papers from the 15th International Congress on Plasma Physics combined with the 13th Latin American Workshop on Plasma Physics Invited papers from the 15th International Congress on Plasma Physics combined with the 13th Latin American Workshop on Plasma Physics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soto, Leopoldo

    2011-07-01

    attended by 44 participants and 7 lecturers from 11 different countries. All participants received financial assistance from the Local Organizing Committee. The topics covered by the School were: a general description of plasmas, space and astrophysical plasmas, plasma diagnostic techniques, high temperature and fusion plasmas, and low temperature and industrial plasmas. The organizers of ICPP-LAWPP-2010 are grateful to the lecturers of the LAWPP Plasma Physics School: Luis Felipe Delgado-Aparicio (USA), Homero Maciel (Brazil), and Marina Stepanova, J Alejandro Valdivia, Victor Muñoz, Felipe Veloso and Leopoldo Soto (Chile). On 27 February 2010, Chile suffered a major earthquake, one of the worst in the recorded history of the world up to that time. Although Santiago was little affected, the region located 200 km to the south was seriously damaged. After this event, the Local Organizing Committee received many messages from members of the plasma physics community around the world expressing their concern. The Local Organizing Committee greatly appreciates the support of the participants from all over the world who decided to come to Chile to attend the Conference. Their solidarity is highly appreciated. The Chairman of ICPP-LAWPP-2010 is grateful to the members of the Local Organizing Committee for the conference: Karla Cubillos, José Moreno, Cristian Pavez, Felipe Veloso, Marcelo Zambra, Luis Huerta and Fabian Reyes, and to the members of the Program Committee for their work and commitment. The Guest Editor of this special issue is grateful to the Publishers, in particular to Caroline Wilkinson, for their excellent work and cooperation.

  10. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redactie KITLV

    2002-01-01

    Carolina Press, 2000. 203 pp. -Peter Redfield, Daniel Miller ,The internet: An ethnographic approach. Oxford: Berg Publishers, 2000. ix + 217 pp., Don Slater (eds -Deborah S. Rubin, Carla Freeman, High tech and high heels in the global economy: Women, work, and pink-collar identities in the Caribbean. Durham NC: Duke University Press, 2000. xiii + 334 pp. -John D. Galuska, Norman C. Stolzoff, Wake the town and tell the people: Dancehall culture in Jamaica. Durham NC: Duke University Press, 2000. xxviii + 298 pp. -Lise Waxer, Helen Myers, Music of Hindu Trinidad: Songs from the Indian Diaspora. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1998. xxxii + 510 pp. -Lise Waxer, Peter Manuel, East Indian music in the West Indies: Tan-singing, chutney, and the making of Indo-Caribbean culture. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2000. xxv + 252 pp. -Reinaldo L. Román, María Teresa Vélez, Drumming for the Gods: The life and times of Felipe García Villamil, Santero, Palero, and Abakuá. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2000. xx + 210 pp. -James Houk, Kenneth Anthony Lum, Praising his name in the dance: Spirit possession in the spiritual Baptist faith and Orisha work in Trinidad, West Indies. Amsterdam: Harwood Academic Publishers. xvi + 317 pp. -Raquel Romberg, Jean Muteba Rahier, Representations of Blackness and the performance of identities. Westport CT: Bergin & Garvey, 1999. xxvi + 264 pp. -Allison Blakely, Lulu Helder ,Sinterklaasje, kom maar binnen zonder knecht. Berchem, Belgium: EPO, 1998. 215 pp., Scotty Gravenberch (eds -Karla Slocum, Nicholas Mirzoeff, Diaspora and visual culture: Representing Africans and Jews. London: Routledge, 2000. xiii + 263 pp. -Corey D.B. Walker, Paget Henry, Caliban's reason: Introducing Afro-Caribbean philosophy. New York: Routledge, 2000. xiii + 304 pp. -Corey D.B. Walker, Lewis R. Gordon, Existentia Africana: Understanding Africana existential thought. New York; Routledge, 2000. xiii +228 pp. -Alex Dupuy, Bob Shacochis, The immaculate

  11. Primer on Use of Multi-Spectral and Infra Red Imaging for On-Site Inspections

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Henderson, J R

    2010-10-26

    . Finally, an appendix provides detail describing the magnitude and spatial extent of the surface shock expected from an underground nuclear explosion. If there is a seismic event or other data to suggest there has been a nuclear explosion in violation of the CTBT, an OSI may be conducted to determine whether a nuclear explosion has occurred and to gather information which may be useful in identifying the party responsible for conducting the explosion. The OSI must be conducted in the area where the event that triggered the inspection request occurred, and the inspected area must not exceed 1,000 square kilometers, or be more than 50 km on aside (CTBT Protocol, Part II, Paragraphs 2 and 3). One of the guiding principles for an inspection is that it be effective, minimally intrusive, timely, and cost-effective [Hawkins, Feb 1998]. In that context, MSIR is one of several technologies that can be used during an aircraft overflight to identify ground regions of high interest in a timely and cost-effective manner. This allows for an optimized inspection on the ground. The primary purpose for MSIR is to identify artifacts and anomalies that might be associated with a nuclear explosion, and to use the location of those artifacts and anomalies to reduce the search area that must be inspected from the ground. The MSIR measurements can have additional utility. The multi-spectral measurements of the ground can be used for terrain classification, which can aid in geological characterization of the Inspected Area. In conditions of where light smoke or haze is present, long-wave infrared imaging can provide better imaging of the ground than is possible with standard visible imagery.

  12. Construction of the Vinalhaven Intrusive Complex, Maine, USA: the Plutonic Record of Evolving Magma Chambers Affected by Multiple Episodes of Replenishment, Rejuvenation, Crystal Accumulation and Eruption

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiebe, R. A.; Hawkins, D. P.

    2004-12-01

    Increasingly, the plutonic roots of volcanic systems can be shown to contain temporal records of events inferred from the study of volcanic rocks. The Vinalhaven intrusive complex preserves evidence for multiple episodes of silicic and mafic replenishments, rejuvenation of granite, and probable eruptive events over a nominal time-span of 1.7 Ma (Hawkins and Wiebe, this volume). The complex is about 12 km in diameter and consists mainly of cg granite, a thick section of arcuate, inward-dipping gabbro-diorite sheets in the southeastern half of the complex, and a circular core of fg granite. Field relations demonstrate that the base of the intrusion is along the southeastern margin of the complex, and the top is along the northwestern margin where it intrudes coeval volcanic rocks. Aphyric basaltic and granitic dikes fed this essentially bimodal intrusion. When basaltic dikes intersected a silicic chamber, basalt spread across a floor of silicic crystal mush to form gabbro-diorite sheets in granite. Several extensive layers of angular blocks of country rock occur within the mafic rocks. Granitic dikes and the fg granitic core of the complex have sharp to gradational contacts with cg granite, and, locally, both granites are intimately mixed and commingled. These relations indicate that new silicic injections mixed into partly crystallized resident magma. Several irregular bodies of porphyry (0.2 to 0.5 km in average dimension) intrude cg granite with sharp, gradational, or commingled contacts. The porphyry has 5 to 40% corroded phenocrysts, identical in composition to crystals in the granite, and a variably quenched matrix. Some of these bodies formed when late injections of basalt remelted largely solid portions of cg granite. New silicic input may have contributed to other porphyry bodies. The matrix probably quenched because of a sudden decrease in pressure, possibly due to eruption of magma from the chamber. The cg granite and inter-layered mafic rocks preserve a

  13. Accretion-powered Compact Binaries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mauche, Christopher W.

    2003-12-01

    Preface; The workshop logo; A short history of the CV workshop F. A. Córdova; Part I. Observations: 1. Low mass x-ray binaries A. P. Cowley, P. C. Schmidtke, D. Crampton, J. B. Hutchings, C. A. Haswell, E. L. Robinson, K. D. Horne, H. M. Johnston, S. R. Kulkarni, S. Kitamoto, X. Han, R. M. Hjellming, R. M. Wagner, S. L. Morris, P. Hertz, A. N. Parmar, L. Stella, P. Giommi, P. J. Callanan, T. Naylor, P. A. Charles, C. D. Bailyn, J. N. Imamura, T. Steiman-Cameron, J. Kristian, J. Middleditch, L. Angelini and J. P. Noris; 2. Nonmagnetic cataclysmic variables R. S. Polidan, C. W. Mauche, R. A. Wade, R. H. Kaitchuck, E. M. Schlegel, P. A. Hantzios, R. C. Smith, J. H. Wood, F. Hessman, A. Fiedler, D. H. P. Jones, J. Casares, P. A. Charles, J. van Paradijs, E. Harlaftis, T. Naylor, G. Sonneborn, B. J. M. Hassall, K. Horne, C. A. la Dous, A. W. Shafter, N. A. Hawkins, D. A. H. Buckley, D. J. Sullivan, F. V. Hessman, V. S. Dhillon, T. R. Marsh, J. Singh, S. Seetha, F. Giovannelli, A. Bianchini, E. M. Sion, D. J. Mullan, H. L. Shipman, G. Machin, P. J. Callanan, S. B. Howell, P. Szkody, E. M. Schlegel and R. F. Webbink; 3. Magnetic cataclysmic variables C. Hellier, K. O. Mason, C. W. Mauche, G. S. Miller, J. C. Raymond, F. K. Lamb, J. Patterson, A. J. Norton, M. G. Watson, A. R. King, I. M. McHardy, H. Lehto, J. P. Osborne, E. L. Robinson, A. W. Shafter, S. Balachandran, S. R. Rosen, J. Krautter, W. Buchholz, D. A. H. Buckley, I. R. Tuoly, D. Crampton, B. Warner, R. M. Prestage, B. N. Ashoka, M. Mouchet, J. M. Bonnet-Bidaud, J. M. Hameury, P. Szkody, P. Garnavich, S. Howell, T. Kii, M. Cropper, K. Mason, J. Bailey, D. T. Wickramasinghe, L. Ferrario, K. Beuermann, A. D. Schwope, H.-C. Thomas, S. Jordan, J. Schachter, A. V. Filippenko, S. M. Kahn, F. B. S. Paerels, K. Mukai, M. L. Edgar, S. Larsson, R. F. Jameson, A. R. King, A. Silber, R. Remillard, H. Bradt, M. Ishida, T. Ohashi and G. D. Schmidt; Part II. Accretion Theory: 4. Nonmagnetic W. Kley, F. Geyer, H. Herold, H

  14. Mercury compositional units inferred by MDIS. A comparison with the geology in support to the BepiColombo mission

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zambon, Francesca; Carli, Cristian; Galluzzi, Valentina; Capaccioni, Fabrizio; Filacchione, Gianrico; Giacomini, Lorenza; Massirioni, Matteo; Palumbo, Pasquale

    2016-04-01

    Mercury has been explored by two spatial missions. Mariner 10 acquired 45% of the surface during three Hermean flybys in 1974, giving a first close view of the planet. The recent MESSENGER mission globally mapped the planet and contributed to understand many unsolved issues about Mercury (Solomon et al., 2007). Nevertheless, even after MESSENGER, Mercury surface composition remains still unclear, and the correlation between morphology and compositional heterogeneity is not yet well understood. Thanks to the Mercury Dual Imaging System (MDIS), onboard MESSENGER, a global coverage of Mercury surface with variable spatial resolution has been done. MDIS is equipped with a Narrow Angle Camera (NAC), dedicated to the high-resolution study of the surface morphology and a Wide Angle Camera (WAC) with 12 filters useful to investigate the surface composition (Hawkins et al., 2007). Several works were focused on the different terrains present on Mercury, in particular, Denevi et al. (2013) observes that ~27% of Hermean surface is covered by volcanic origin smooth plains. These plains show differences in composition associated to spectral slope variation. High-reflectance red plains (HRP), with spectral slope greater than the average and low-reflectance blue plains (LBP), with spectral slope lesser than the average has been identified. This spectral variations could be correlated with different chemical composition. The X-Ray Spectrometer (XRS) data show that HRP-type areas are associated with a low-Fe basalt-like composition, while the LBP are also Fe poor but are rich in Mg/Si and Ca/Si and with lower Al/Si and are interpreted as more ultramafic (Nittler et al., 2011; Weider et al., 2012; Denevi at al., 2013, Weider et al., 2014). In these work we produce high resolution multicolor mosaic to found a possible link between morphology and composition. The spectral properties have been used to define the principal units of Mercury's surface or to characterize other globally

  15. 15th International Congress on Plasma Physics & 13th Latin American Workshop on Plasma Physics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soto, Leopoldo

    2014-05-01

    án Chuaqui, pioneer of experimental plasma physics in Chile participated in the meeting. Alas, Dr Luis Gomberoff, pioneer of the theoretical plasma physics in Chile could not attend. Sadly, Professor Gomberoff died in September 2010 and Professor Chuaqui in July 2012. We would like to remember them with admiration. The Chairman of the ICPP-LAWPP-2010 is grateful to the members of the Local Organizing Committee of the conference: Karla Cubillos, José Moreno, Cristian Pavez, Felipe Veloso, Marcelo Zambra, Luis Huerta, and Fabian Reyes and to the members of the Program Committee for their work and commitment. Finally, my personal apology is in order regarding the delay in publishing these proceedings due to an unfortunate sequence of personal and professional circumstances. I would like to thank the Journal of Physics: Conference Series for the fast publication of the proceedings, in particular to Ms Sarah Toms for her excellent work and cooperation. Leopoldo Soto Chairman of the ICPP-LAWPP-2010 Chilean Nuclear Energy Commission, Chile Conference photograph Details of the committees are available in the PDF

  16. Obituary: Barry James LaBonte, 1950-2005

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rust, David Maurice

    2006-12-01

    occurrence of a large flare. His work always involved fundamental science that could possibly lead to accurate forecasts of solar activity and its effect on geospace. When he died, he was studying the three-dimensional structure of the magnetic fields and electric currents in the solar corona in order to understand the disequilibrium that produces solar eruptions. I first met Barry when he was a summer intern working with George Simon at the Sacramento Peak Observatory in Sunspot, New Mexico in the early 1970s. Besides working on the solar granulation, Barry learned how to use the Doppler-Zeeman analyzer, the first of the many solar magnetographs that he used to such advantage in his productive career. We had common scientific interests, which led me to follow his career closely, although I was on the East Coast and he was in Hawaii. We had both done our thesis under Hal Zirin and our postdoc with Bob Howard and had haunted many of the same scientific meetings, so I felt I knew him well. At APL he brought a depth of understanding and quick intelligence to our little solar group that lighted up every day. Barry was more than an imaginative, witty, and productive scientist whose contributions greatly advanced solar physics. He was also a devoted father, rarely taking off from work except to be with his children. Inspired by his daughter Hillary's decision to train for an operatic career, he became an opera buff. He was an avid reader of history, especially military history, and was a member of the Hawaii Bunny Club and the Howard County Hare Raisers. He is survived by his wife, Beatrice Hawkins, and by their three children, Allan, Hillary, and Anna.

  17. Level II scour analysis for Bridge 32 (FERRTH00190032) on Town Highway 19, crossing the South Slang Little Otter Creek, Ferrisburgh, Vermont

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ivanoff, Michael A.; Wild, Emily C.

    1998-01-01

    This report provides the results of a detailed Level II analysis of scour potential at structure FERRTH00190032 on Town Highway 19 crossing the South Slang Little Otter Creek (Hawkins Slang Brook), Ferrisburg, Vermont (figures 1–8). A Level II study is a basic engineering analysis of the site, including a quantitative analysis of stream stability and scour (FHWA, 1993). Results of a Level I scour investigation also are included in appendix E of this report. A Level I investigation provides a qualitative geomorphic characterization of the study site. Information on the bridge, gleaned from Vermont Agency of Transportation (VTAOT) files, was compiled prior to conducting Level I and Level II analyses and is found in appendix D. The site is in the Champlain section of the St. Lawrence Valley physiographic province in west-central Vermont. The 8.00-mi2 drainage area is in a predominantly rural and forested basin. In the vicinity of the study site, the surface cover consists of wetlands upstream and downstream of the bridge with trees and pasture on the wide flood plains. In the study area, the South Slang Little Otter Creek has a meandering channel with essentially no channel slope, an average channel top width of 932 ft and an average bank height of 6 ft. The channel bed material ranges from clay to sand. Sieve analysis indicates that greater than 50% of the sample is coarse silt and clay and thus a medium grain size by use of sieve analysis was indeterminate. The median grain size was assumed to be a course silt with a size (D50) of 0.061mm (0.0002 ft). The geomorphic assessment at the time of the Level I and Level II site visit on July 2, 1996, indicated that the reach was stable. The Town Highway 19 crossing of the South Slang Little Otter Creek is a 45-ft-long, twolane bridge consisting of one 42-foot concrete box-beam span (Vermont Agency of Transportation, written communication, December 11, 1995). The opening length of the structure parallel to the bridge face

  18. Chemical Achievers: The Human Face of the Chemical Sciences (by Mary Ellen Bowden)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kauffman, George B.

    1999-02-01

    (formal and informal, familiar and unfamiliar), caricatures, apparatus, patent drawings, models, manuscripts, memoranda, laboratories, and plants and buildings are featured. The book presents many images of chemists in the work settings where they actually made their discoveries. The quaint pictures of Chandler with his wash bottle, William H. Walker with his slide rule, Carl Djerassi peering at a flask without goggle protection, and Edward Goodrich Acheson with his omnipresent cigar evoke a bygone era that will induce nostalgia in instructors and curiosity or disbelief in students. Many of the 80 featured chemists are minority scientists; 10 are women (Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin, Marie Curie, Iréne Joliot-Curie, Mme. Lavoisier, Rosalind Franklin, Stephanie L. Kwolek, Ellen Swallow Richards, Alice Hamilton, Rachel Carson, and Julia Brainerd Hall, whose role in her brother Charles Martin Hall's development of the electrolytic production of metal is underappreciated), and three are African-Americans (Percy Lavon Julian, Walter Lincoln Hawkins, and Henry Aaron Hill). The book's 11 sections, each prefaced with a short, helpful summary, and the number of scientists profiled in each are Forerunners, 4; Theory and Production of Gases, 4; Electrochemistry and Electrochemical Industries, 12; The Path to the Periodic Table, 9; Atomic and Nuclear Structure, 9; Chemical Synthesis, Structure, and Bonding, 9; Pharmaceuticals and the Path to Biomolecules, 10; Petroleum and Petrochemicals, 4; Plastics and Other Polymers, 6; Chemical Engineering (most of whose practitioners were unfamiliar to me), 6; and Human and Natural Environmental Concerns, 7. An extensive bibliography (five double-column pages), arranged according to these sections, includes books, articles, dissertations, collections, and oral histories. Items as recent as 1997 and even a 1998 book in press are cited. An index (three triple-column pages) facilitates location of material. Chemical Achievers is to some extent similar

  19. 双中空螺钉顺-逆行反向固定治疗距骨颈骨折%Double opposing lag screws for internal fixation of talar neck fracture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黎清波; 谢鸣; 黄若昆; 赵晶晶; 刘丰; 雷波; 潘昊; 肖凯; 勘武生

    2016-01-01

    目的 探讨采用2枚中空螺钉顺-逆行反向固定治疗距骨颈骨折的方法与疗效. 方法 对2005年10月至2012年10月收治的13例距骨颈骨折患者资料进行回顾性分析,男8例,女5例;年龄26 ~ 56岁,平均37.9岁;骨折根据Hawkins分型:Ⅰ型2例,Ⅱ型9例,Ⅲ型2例;4例合并内踝骨折,均为闭合性骨折;均予直径为3.5 mm的中空螺钉经距骨前、后路顺-逆行反向固定术.术后采用美国足踝外科协会(AOFAS)的踝-后足评分和视觉模拟评分(VAS)评价疗效. 结果 所有患者术后获12 ~ 84个月(平均43.3个月)随访,骨折愈合时间9~12周(平均10.2周).术后均无骨不愈合或愈合不良发生.AOFAS的踝-后足评分由术前平均(5.4±4.1)分(0~12分)改善为术后(89.7±8.1)分(72 ~ 98分),差异有统计学意义(f=54.984,P<0.001);其中优9例,良3例,可1例.VAS评分由术前平均(9.4±0.8)分(8~10分)改善为术后(1.1±0.8)分(0~3分),差异有统计学意义(t=20.679,P<0.001).结论 采用2枚中空螺钉顺-逆行反向固定治疗斜行的距骨颈骨折,既保护了距骨的血供,也更好地达到了最好生物力学固定的目的,是一种较好的手术方式.%Objective To report the process and clinical efficacy of internal fixation with double opposing lag screws for talar neck fractures.Methods From October 2005 to October 2012,we treated 13 patients with talar neck fracture.They were 8 males and 5 females,with a mean age of 37.9 years (range,from 26 to 56 years).According to the Hawkins classification of talar neck fractures,2 had type Ⅰ,9 type Ⅱ,and 2 type Ⅲ.The right foot was involved in 9 of them.None of them sustained bilateral talar neck fractures.A concomitant medial malleolar fracture occurred in 4 of them.All the fractures were closed injury.All the patients received internal fixation with 2 opposing hollow screws of 3.5 mm in diameter which were inserted via the talus anterior or posterior approach and antegradely or

  20. Climate data, analysis and models for the study of natural variability and anthropogenic change

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jones, Philip D. [Univ. of East Anglia, Norwich (United Kingdom)

    2014-07-31

    records was developed for China (Li et al., 2009). Urbanization has also been addressed for London (Jones and Lister, 2009) where two rural sites have not warmed more than a city centre site since 1900. Additionally, in Ethymiadis and Jones (2010) we show that land air temperatures agree with marine data around coastal areas, further illustrating that urbanization is not a major component of large-scale surface air temperature change. Early instrumental data (before the development of modern thermometer screens) have always been suspected of being biased warm in summer, due to possible direct exposure to the sun. Two studies (Böhm et al., 2010 and Brunet et al., 2010) show this for the Greater Alpine Region (GAR) and for mainland Spain respectively. The issue is important before about 1870 in the GAR and before about 1900 in Spain. After correction for the problems, summer temperature estimates before these dates are cooler by about 0.4°C. In Jones and Wigley (2010), we discussed the importance of the biases in global temperature estimation. Exposure and to a lesser extent urbanization are the most important biases for the land areas, but both are dwarfed by the necessary adjustments for bucket SST measurements before about 1950. Individual station homogeneity is only important at the local scale. This was additionally illustrated by Hawkins and Jones (2013) where we replicated the temperature record developed by Guy Stewart Callendar in papers in 1938 and 1961. Analyses of Daily Climate Data Work here indicates that ERA-Interim (at least in Europe, Cornes and Jones, 2013, discussed in more detail in this proposal) can be used to monitor extremes (using the ETCCDI software – see Zhang et al., 2011). Additionally, also as a result of Chinese collaboration, a new method of daily temperature homogenization has been developed (Li et al., 2014). In Cornes and Jones (2011) we assessed storm activity in the northeast Atlantic region using daily gridded data. Even though the

  1. 关节镜下经肌腱修补治疗关节侧肩袖部分损伤%Arthroscopic treatment of articular side partial tear of supraspinatus tendon by the trans-tendon approach

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪滋民; 李全; 王一; 沈锋; 许国星; 宋爽

    2014-01-01

    females,whose ages are from 29 to 72 years old with the average age of 52.9± 13.3 years old.9 lesions were on the right shoulder,3 on the left shoulder,and nine on the dominant shoulder.6 patients had a history of trauma on their shoulders,of which 3 patients hit their shoulders on the ground and 3 hit their hands on the ground.All patients have a pain of the inj ured shoulder, night pain and most had a problem of shoulder mobility.The patients received the preoperative functional exercise,physical therapy,non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug therapy and local steroid injection for 1 to 17 months (average 6 months).Physical examination was as follows:11 cases had front shoulder lateral tenderness,9 cases had positive Neer impingement signs,9 cases had positive Hawkins impingement signs,7 cases had positive signs of painful arc from 60 to 120°,and the Jobe tests of 9 cases were positive.The preoperative MRIs of all the patients showed a rotator cuff tear. Surgical methods:After general anesthesia,the patient was placed in the lateral position with little abduction and anteflexion traction.After sterilization and drape,we marked the bony landmarks and the position of the surgery approach in the skin.Build a rear channel at the first step of surgery.Then we made a arthroscopic examination of the glenohumeral joint.Then build a front channel from outside to the front and examine the glenohumeral joint.Use the planer and radio frequency to repair and clear the damage at the end point of the supraspinatus muscle.Assess the extent of the damage of the joint side rotator cuff,and if the damage was up to 6 mm in width which means Ellman degree Ⅲ PASTA lesion,the damage needed to be repaired (Figure 1 A).Before the repair,we must take a subacromial decompression.Insert the arthroscope into the subacromial bursa using the same rear incision.Remove and clean the bursa tissue through the front and the lateral channel until the rotator cuff footprints besides the bursa could be