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Sample records for karl gustav joreskog

  1. Profiles in Research: An Interview with Karl Gustav Joreskog

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wainer, Howard

    2011-01-01

    This article presents an interview with Karl Gustav Joreskog. Karl Gustav Joreskog was born in Amal, Sweden, on April 25, 1935. He did his undergraduate studies at Uppsala University from 1955 to 1957, with a major in mathematics and physics. He received a PhD in statistics at Uppsala University in 1963, and he was a research statistician at…

  2. Den første Karl Gustav-krig 1657-58

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olden-Jørgensen, Sebastian

    2008-01-01

    Artiklen diskuterer den første Karl Gustav-krig i forskellige persketiver og konkluderer, at krigen ikke bør opfattes som et dårligt forberedt og uigennemtænkt forsøg på dansk revanche inden for rammerne af en nordisk rivalisering, men snarere som  en velovervejet satsning og et led i den dansk-s...

  3. Hypostatized Language: The Psychomechanics of Gustave Guillaume’s ‘langue’ and the Linguistics of Karl Bühler’s ‘parole’

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vincenzo PARDO

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available With this contribution, reaching from the lessons of Gustave Guillaume, from its psychomechanic of the language s and from Karl Bühler, whose theoretical reflections rotate around an instrumental and representative model of the language facts, we propose to highlight the fact that linguistics, or at least a not negligible part of it, has remained berthed to an immobile conception of the language, to “saying without to listen”, neglecting completely the fundamental role of the reception in the concrete event linguistic, in the speech.

  4. Hurricane Gustav Poster

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Hurricane Gustav poster. Multi-spectral image from NOAA-17 shows Hurricane Gustav having made landfall along the Louisiana coastline. Poster size is 36"x27"

  5. Gustav Albert Stiasny

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vervoort, W.

    1950-01-01

    Gustav Albert Stiasny was born in Vienna (Austria) on December 10th, 1877. After he had attended the elementary and grammar schools there and having finished a one year course of lectures in commercial enterprise, Stiasny enlisted as a volunteer with the Austro-Hungarian army. A year later he left t

  6. Music critic Gustav Michel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vasić Aleksandar N.

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available The writers whose real vocation was not music left significant traces in the history of Serbian music critics and essayism of the late 19th century and the first half of the 20th century. Numerous authors, literary historians theoreticians and critics, jurists and theatre historians, wrote successfully on music in Serbian daily newspapers, literary and other magazines, until the Second World War. This study is devoted to Gustav Michel (1868 - 1926, one of the music amateurs who ought to be remembered in the history of Serbian music critics. Gustav Michel was a pharmacist by vocation. He ran a private pharmacy in Belgrade all his life. But he was a musician as well. He played the viola in the second (in chronological order of foundation Serbian String Quartet. The ensemble mostly consisted of amateurs, and it performed standard pieces of chamber music (W. A. Mozart L. v. Beethoven, F. Schubert, F. Mendelsohn-Bartholdy, A. Dvořžak. These musicians had performed public concerts in Belgrade since 1900 up until Michel’s death. Belgrade music critics prised the performances of this string ensemble highly. Gustav Michel was also a music critic. Until now only seven articles, published by this author between 1894 and 1903, in Order (Red, Folk Newspaper (Narodne novine and Serbian Literary Magazine (Srpski književni glasnik have been found. Michel’s preserved articles unambiguously prove that their author had a solid knowledge of music theory and history, the knowledge that exceeded amateurism. Nevertheless, Michel did not burden his first critics with expert language of musicology. Later on, in Serbian Literary Magazine, the magazine which left enough room for music, Michel penetrated more into musical terminology, thus educating slowly forming Serbian concert-going public. The analysis of Michel’s texts showed that he was not, in contrast to the majority of professional music critics, an opponent of virtuosity. Gentle and liberal, he did not

  7. [Gustave Flaubert's illness].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gastaut, H; Gastaut, Y

    1982-01-01

    All those interested in Gustave Flaubert's illness, during his lifetime as well as after his death, have agreed that he had epilepsy. The one important exception is Jean-Paul Sartre, who, in the 2800 pages of his "Idiot de la famille" claimed that Flaubert was a hysteric with very moderate intelligence who somatized his neurosis in the form of seizures. These, in Sartre's views, were moreover probably hysterical, but possibly epileptic resulting from the existence of a psychogenic epilepsy bred from the neurosis. The basis for this neurosis could have originated at the time of Gustave's birth, as this occurred between those of two brothers who both died young, and as his mother had wished for a daughter. Further development of the neurosis might have taken place during a temporary phase of learning difficulties, exaggerated and exploited by his father to make his youngest son the idiot of a family in which the eldest son was the dauphin. Destroyed in this way, Gustave would have sought refuge in passivity and could have developed a hatred for his father and for his elder brother, who he would have liked to kill before killing himself. But, unable to carry out his wishes and desiring both to die and to survive, Gustave, adolescent, might have chosen the pathway of "false deaths", as exemplified by the seizures. Modern epileptology data enables not only to confirm the epileptic etiology and to discount the hysterical nature of the fits, but also: 1. to establish precise details of the site and nature of the cerebral lesions responsible for the attacks: neonatal atrophy or vascular malformation of the occipitotemporal cortex of the left hemisphere, the only lesion capable of provoking: a) the phosphenes marking the onset of the seizures; b) the intellectual manifestations (forced thoughts or flight of ideas), affective features (panic terror), and psychosensory (ecmnesic hallucinations) or psychomotor (confusional automatism) symptoms accompanying some attacks; c) the

  8. As mulheres de Gustav Klimt

    OpenAIRE

    José Artur Molina; José Sterza Justo

    2010-01-01

    Study the production of Gustav Klimt is browsing through the history of a country, Austria, and travel the world of the Austro-Hungarian in their bellies. This work attempts to reflect the rebelliousness of the women who do not want to be sentenced to confinement despotic promoted by a man’s world. Klimt, by passion, hugs, with odd aesthetic, this flag. Estudiar la producción de Gustav Klimt es navegar por la historia de un país, Austria, y pasar por el mundo de la monarquía austro-húngara...

  9. Gustav Naani kaebekiri EKP Keskkomiteele / Valdur Ohmann, Gustav Naan

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ohmann, Valdur

    2005-01-01

    Akadeemik Gustav Naani kaebekiri EKP Keskkomiteele, milles ta nõudis veelgi jäigemat kurssi ideoloogiatöös ja otsustavad tegutsemist 40. kirja autorite vastu. Põhiline tähelepanu on suunatud Arvo Valtoni ja Jaan Kaplinski vastu. Kiri: Mõtteid ideoloogilisest situatsioonist. Lk. 102-104.

  10. Karl Marx' glemte arvtager

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jakobsen, Uffe

    1988-01-01

    For 50 år siden hyldede avisen 'Social-Demokraten' Karl Kautsky (1854-1938) som "den største Tænker inden for den socialdemokratiske Arbejderbevægelse". I perioden fra Friedrich Engels' død i 1895 til 1. Verdenskrigs udbrud i 1914 blev Karl Kautsky alment anset som Karl Marx's arvtager inden for ...

  11. Oreli õnnistamine / Karl Kello

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kello, Karl, 1950-

    2014-01-01

    Gustav Adolfi gümnaasiumis avati ja õnnistati kooli aastapäeval, 6. juunil kaks orelit: 1905. aastal Inglismaal valmistatud Edington Priory Churchi orel Henry Jones & Sons ja 1957. aastal valmistatud Sibeliuse akadeemia harjutusorel Walker

  12. Gustav Klimt Ve "Beethoven Friz"

    OpenAIRE

    Fırıncı, Mehmet; Zencirci, Dizan Ercivan

    2006-01-01

    Bu makalede, tarihin hemen hemen her döneminde, paralel gelişim gösteren sanatın üç kolu olan resim, müzik ve mimariyi bir araya getiren "Gustav Klimt" ve sanatçının "Ayrılma (Secession)" döneminde meydana getirdiği başyapıt Beethoven Friz incelenecektir.Avusturyalı sanatçı Klimt, Secession binasının mimari durumunu değerlendirip, Beethoven' in 9.Senfonisi'nden ilham alarak yaptığı Beethoven Friz'i resmetmiştir. Döneminde sanat çevresince pek de anlaşılamamı...

  13. Gustav Naanist etendub näidend

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Merle Karusoo lavastab Draamateatris näidendi "Sigma Tau-C705". Näidendi aluseks on dokumentaalmaterjalid ja Enn Vetemaa - Erki Aule näidend "Gustav Naani hiilgus ja viletsus". Esietendub 16. märtsil

  14. Gustav Naanist etendub näidend

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Merle Karusoo lavastab Draamateatris näidendi "Sigma Tau-C705". Näidendi aluseks on dokumentaalmaterjalid ja Enn Vetemaa - Erki Aule näidend "Gustav Naani hiilgus ja viletsus". Esietendub 16. märtsil

  15. Heinrich Stahl ja ta kaasaegsed / Gustav Suits

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Suits, Gustav, 1883-1956

    1999-01-01

    Varem ilmunud: Suits, Gustav. Eesti kirjanduslugu I. Lund : Eesti Kirjanike Kooperatiiv, 1953. Heinrich Stahl (1600-1657), Joachim Rossihnius (1600-1646), Reiner Brockmann (1609-1647), Johann Gutsleff (surn. 1657)

  16. [Carl Gustav Jung's alchemical thinking].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mirkiewicz, Jakub

    2004-01-01

    Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961), Swiss psychologist and philosopher of culture used in his concepts many constructs having their source in philosophy of alchemy. These ideas can be found not only in his books on alchemy but also in his psychological works. Among them we should enumerate: the theory of psychological process, the concepts of opposites coexisting in the psyche, the polar structure of notions in his psychological system and the idea of synchronicity. The author of this article examines these main points of Jungian program within the context of its parallelism with paracelsian alchemical philosophy of nature: the process of nature, alchemical dialectics and the universal analogy of micro- and macrocosmos. At the beginning of his work, creating his psychology Jung assumed similar ideas. Later, when he noticed this similarity, alchemy became very helpful in his research of psyche, because thanks to them he conceptualised the successive aspects of polar structure of dynamical psychical reality, which--like his alchemical predecessors--he used to explain basics of the micro- and macro-world.

  17. Maakuulajate reis Krimmi ja Gustav Malts / Vello Paatsi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paatsi, Vello, 1948-2015

    2011-01-01

    150 aasta möödumisest kolme mehe - Gustav Maltsi, Juhan Leinbergi (prohvet Maltsvet) ja nende tõlgi - jõudmisest tõotatud maale Krimmi. Kolme mehe esimese reisi trajektoori kirjeldus. Ülevaade Gustav Maltsi elust

  18. Gustave Flaubert´i "Tundekasvatus" / Ott Ojamaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ojamaa, Ott, 1926-1996

    2010-01-01

    Arvustus: Flaubert, Gustave. Tundekasvatus : ühe noormehe lugu : [romaan] / Gustave Flaubert ; prantsuse keelest tõlkinud Paul Viires ; järelsõna: Ott Ojamaa]. Tallinn : Eesti Raamat, 1972. (Varamu)

  19. Karl Ristikivi prantsuse keeles

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    29. ja 30. mail Tallinna Kirjanike Majas ja 31. mail Tartu Kirjanduse Majas esinevad näitlejad Ene Rämmeld ja Claude Merlin Karl Ristikivi luulekavaga "Inimese teekond" (tõlkija Tarah Montbélialtz). Vt. ka Looming, 2003, nr. 6, lk. 953

  20. Kalevipojad tulevad / Karl Kello

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kello, Karl, 1950-

    2004-01-01

    Kuressaare Kuursaalis näidatakse kadripäeval nelja Ruta Celma ja Karl Kello kultuuriloolist dokumentaalfilmi : "Narr Jumala kojas" (2000), "Phaetonit otsides" (1999), "Eestlased Lätis" (2004) ja Kalevipoja temaatikat arendav "Küll siis Kalev..." (2004). Filmide operaator on Arvo Vilu. Artikli autor kõneleb ka nende filmide seostest Saaremaaga

  1. Karl Ristikivi prantsuse keeles

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    29. ja 30. mail Tallinna Kirjanike Majas ja 31. mail Tartu Kirjanduse Majas esinevad näitlejad Ene Rämmeld ja Claude Merlin Karl Ristikivi luulekavaga "Inimese teekond" (tõlkija Tarah Montbélialtz). Vt. ka Looming, 2003, nr. 6, lk. 953

  2. Karl Lagerfeld obidelsja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Moekunstnik Karl Lagerfeld kaebas kohtusse raamatu "The Beautiful Fall : Fashion, Genius and Glorious Excess in 1970s Paris" autori Alicia Drake'i. Raamat räägib Lagerfeldi noorusajast ja tema konkurentsist moekunstnik Yves Saint Laurent'iga 1970. aastate Pariisis

  3. Carl eller Karl?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eggert, Birgit

    2013-01-01

    I den danske fornavnemode findes en række navne i flere forskellige stavemåder som ikke har indflydelse på navnenes udtale. Navnene udtales ens hvad enten de staves Carl eller Karl og Camilla eller Kamilla. Med udgangspunkt i de 50 mest populære pige- og drengenavne hvert år siden 1985 har jeg set...

  4. Karl Lagerfeld obidelsja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Moekunstnik Karl Lagerfeld kaebas kohtusse raamatu "The Beautiful Fall : Fashion, Genius and Glorious Excess in 1970s Paris" autori Alicia Drake'i. Raamat räägib Lagerfeldi noorusajast ja tema konkurentsist moekunstnik Yves Saint Laurent'iga 1970. aastate Pariisis

  5. Tree of Life: Gustav with Gusto

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sterling, Joan

    2010-01-01

    Gustav Klimt was born in Vienna in 1862. At age 14, he received a scholarship to the Vienna Public Art School. After graduating, he painted realistic portraits and later began to paint landscapes. Klimt was best known for creating a style known as Art Nouveau, in answer to the Industrial Revolution of the early 20th century. Art Nouveau was a…

  6. Uus Testament ja Piibel / Gustav Suits

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Suits, Gustav, 1883-1956

    1999-01-01

    Varem ilmunud: Suits, Gustav. Eesti kirjanduslugu I. Lund : Eesti Kirjanike Kooperatiiv, 1953. Meie Issanda Jesusse Kristusse Uus Testament Ehk Jummala Ue Sädusse Sanna (1715). Eeltööd Vana Testamendi tõlkimiseks põhjaeesti keelde eesotsas Anton Thor Hellega. Ilmus täispiibel: Piibli Ramat, se on keik se Jummala Sanna...(1739)

  7. Tree of Life: Gustav with Gusto

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sterling, Joan

    2010-01-01

    Gustav Klimt was born in Vienna in 1862. At age 14, he received a scholarship to the Vienna Public Art School. After graduating, he painted realistic portraits and later began to paint landscapes. Klimt was best known for creating a style known as Art Nouveau, in answer to the Industrial Revolution of the early 20th century. Art Nouveau was a…

  8. Gustav-Hertz-Prize for CERN Physicist

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    Klaus Blaum, of GSI Darmstadt and project leader of the ISOLTRAP experiment at CERN, will receive the 2004 Gustav-Hertz-Prize for his outstanding work on the mass determination of unstable atomic nuclei. Blaum extended the measuring capability of the ISOLTRAP experiment at the ISOLDE facility, which studies short-lived isotopes, by installing a source of carbon clusters. Using these carbon clusters as mass reference allows researchers to obtain higher-precision and absolute atomic mass measurements which are important to understand the weak interaction and the synthesis of chemical elements. The Gustav-Hertz-Prize is awarded to outstanding young physicists and is endowed with 7500 euro. It will be awarded at the Spring Conference of the German Physical Society in Munich on 24 March.

  9. [Eugen Bleuler and Carl Gustav Jung's habilitation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilhelm, H R

    1996-01-01

    Eugen Bleuler's letter of recommendation for Carl Gustav Jung's appointment as a lecturer In January 1905, Eugen Bleuler (1857-1939) wrote a letter of recommendation to the Medical Faculty of the University of Zurich, urging them to accept the application of Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961) as a lecturer there. Bleuler's letter mentions the contribution to Jung's writing made by Franz Riklin (1878-1938), although he does not define it precisely. It is safe to say that, judging from the way in which Bleuler expresses his opinions in this letter, this may be regarded at the very least as an early sign of his receptiveness to the psychoanalytical ideas of the time.

  10. Sir Karl Popper and Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    McNamara, D. R.

    1978-01-01

    Sir Karl Popper is one of England's most distinguished contemporary philosophers and it is surprising that his thought has not permeated and informed educational discussion. This paper suggests that educationists have much to learn from Karl Popper's writings and explores ways in which his ideas can illuminate and advance discussion about…

  11. Gustave Guillaume in Romanian: Translation Problems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Romana TIMOC-BARDY

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Fifty years after Gustave Guillaume’s death (1960, the translation into Romanian of his works is still entirely justified. He created the method of linguistic analysis called psychomechanics of language, the application of whitch to several languages obtained pertinent results. After a short presentation of the main basic principles of psychomechanics, this contribution examines the difficulties encountered in translating certain specifical terms.

  12. The life and work of Gustav Elfving

    OpenAIRE

    Nordström, Kenneth

    1999-01-01

    This article outlines the scientific work and life of the Finnish statistician, probabilist, and mathematician Gustav Elfving (1908–1984). Elfving’s academic career, scientific contacts, and personal life are sketched, and his main research contributions to the fields of statistics, probability, and mathematics are reviewed. (Elfving’s pioneering work in optimal design of experiments is not covered, as this topic will be treated elsewhere in this issue.) A chronological bibl...

  13. Gustav Naan ja Sigma Tau / Arvo Pesti, Madli Pesti

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pesti, Arvo, 1956-2010

    2009-01-01

    Füüsik, kosmoloog ja ühiskonnategelane Gustav Naanist. Merle Karusoo dokumentaallavastusest "Sigma Tau-C705", mis põhineb Enn Vetemaa ja Erki Aule näidendil "Gustav Naani hiilgus ja viletsus". Esietendus 16. märtsil 2008 Eesti Draamateatris

  14. Gustav Naan ja Sigma Tau / Arvo Pesti, Madli Pesti

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pesti, Arvo, 1956-2010

    2009-01-01

    Füüsik, kosmoloog ja ühiskonnategelane Gustav Naanist. Merle Karusoo dokumentaallavastusest "Sigma Tau-C705", mis põhineb Enn Vetemaa ja Erki Aule näidendil "Gustav Naani hiilgus ja viletsus". Esietendus 16. märtsil 2008 Eesti Draamateatris

  15. GUSTAVE MOREAU PELOS OLHOS DE DES ESSEINTES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eliane de Alcântara Teixeira

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo trata do romance A rebours, de J.-K. Huysmans, procurando mostrar como o protagonista constrói um mundo artificial, uma representação ou extensão dos próprios sentidos, em que cultuará diferentes manifestações artísticas, para levar ao máximo o gozo dos sentidos. Uma dessas manifestações artísticas será a pintura, representada pelo simbolista Gustave Moreau, com suas telas sobre a mítica figura de Salomé.

  16. Karl Jaspers' multiperspectivalism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiggins, Osborne P; Schwartz, Michael Alan

    2013-01-01

    In later editions of his General Psychopathology, Karl Jaspers prescribes many different methods and theoretical points of view for psychopathologists to utilize. Each of these perspectives on the subject matter of psychopathology, however, gives the investigator access to only one dimension of the patient's being. Hence, Jaspers insists that several different perspectives must be employed in order to avoid a one-sided and partial comprehension of the patient and his or her problem. He advocates a multiperspectival approach in psychopathology. Nevertheless, Jaspers remains aware that the patient is a unified whole. This unified whole, however, is not knowable as such, but can rather be approached only under the guidance of an 'idea' of the whole. Jaspers takes the basic notion of 'idea' (Idee) from Kant, but he modifies and uses it for his own purposes. Jaspers' multiperspectivalism may seem to invite charges of relativism because it leaves the psychopathologist to 'pick and choose' any method or theory he or she prefers. This charge is addressed by admitting that there does exist a certain relativism in Jaspers' position in that any one perspective does provide only one approach to the reality of the patient and that other equally useful perspectives could have been chosen. However, each perspective itself can be subjected to test by evidence, and in such tests, claims made from that perspective can be found to be true or false. Helen Longino's theory of scientific knowledge helps support such a thesis.

  17. Karl Popper's Quantum Ghost

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shields, William

    2004-05-01

    Karl Popper, though not trained as a physicist and embarrassed early in his career by a physics error pointed out by Einstein and Bohr, ultimately made substantial contributions to the interpretation of quantum mechanics. As was often the case, Popper initially formulated his position by criticizing the views of others - in this case Niels Bohr and Werner Heisenberg. Underlying Popper's criticism was his belief that, first, the "standard interpretation" of quantum mechanics, sometimes called the Copenhagen interpretation, abandoned scientific realism and second, the assertion that quantum theory was "complete" (an assertion rejected by Einstein among others) amounted to an unfalsifiable claim. Popper insisted that the most basic predictions of quantum mechanics should continue to be tested, with an eye towards falsification rather than mere adding of decimal places to confirmatory experiments. His persistent attacks on the Copenhagen interpretation were aimed not at the uncertainty principle itself and the formalism from which it was derived, but at the acceptance by physicists of an unclear epistemology and ontology that left critical questions unanswered. In 1999, physicists at the University of Maryland conducted a version of Popper's Experiment, re-igniting the debate over quantum predictions and the role of locality in physics.

  18. In memoriam : Karl R. Popper

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cecilia Tohăneanu

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Dedicated to Karl Popper’s memory, this essay aims at following the echo of his critical rationalism and how it has been received by Mario Bunge, one of the most prominent contemporary philosopher of science – an admirer, later a critic of Popper’s social and political philosophy. The main goal of such an endeavor is to find out where could have been Popper wrong – from Bunge’s view point – and take note of the arguments of both of them, thus hoping to get closer to the truth, as Sir Karl said.

  19. Segane saksa-eesti kirjakeel ja eesti lauluraamat / Gustav Suits

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Suits, Gustav, 1883-1956

    1999-01-01

    Varem ilmunud: Suits, Gustav. Eesti kirjanduslugu I. Lund : Eesti Kirjanike Kooperatiiv, 1953. Heinrich Stahli käsiraamatu Hand-, Hausz- und Kirchenbuch (1654-1656) osana ilmunud lauluraamatust Neu Ehstnisches Gesangbuch (1656)

  20. Lõviosa reklaamist on kasutu / Gustav Hafren ; interv. Ede Schank

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hafren, Gustav

    2004-01-01

    USA turundusstrateegi Jack Trout'i asutatud ettevõte Trout & Partners Soome esinduse juht Gustav Hafren nõustab Eesti ettevõtteid, kuidas konkurentidest eristudes end tarbijale paremini teadvustada ehk positsioneerida

  1. Lõviosa reklaamist on kasutu / Gustav Hafren ; interv. Ede Schank

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hafren, Gustav

    2004-01-01

    USA turundusstrateegi Jack Trout'i asutatud ettevõte Trout & Partners Soome esinduse juht Gustav Hafren nõustab Eesti ettevõtteid, kuidas konkurentidest eristudes end tarbijale paremini teadvustada ehk positsioneerida

  2. Segane saksa-eesti kirjakeel ja eesti lauluraamat / Gustav Suits

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Suits, Gustav, 1883-1956

    1999-01-01

    Varem ilmunud: Suits, Gustav. Eesti kirjanduslugu I. Lund : Eesti Kirjanike Kooperatiiv, 1953. Heinrich Stahli käsiraamatu Hand-, Hausz- und Kirchenbuch (1654-1656) osana ilmunud lauluraamatust Neu Ehstnisches Gesangbuch (1656)

  3. Sõrmuste isand Karl Fritsch / Merike Alber

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alber, Merike

    2008-01-01

    Saksa ehtekunstniku Karl Fritschi (sünd. 1963) näitus "Metrosideros robusta. Ehted" Eesti Tarbekunsti- ja Disainimuuseumis kuni 29. VI. Karl Fritsch pälvis 2006. a. Francoise van den Boschi (hollandi ehtekunstnik, 1944-1977) auhinna, 1995. ja 2007. a. Herbert Hoffmanni preemia. Darling Publications kirjastas Karl Fritschist raamatud "Metrosideros Robusta" ja "Baby Brick"

  4. Sõrmuste isand Karl Fritsch / Merike Alber

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alber, Merike

    2008-01-01

    Saksa ehtekunstniku Karl Fritschi (sünd. 1963) näitus "Metrosideros robusta. Ehted" Eesti Tarbekunsti- ja Disainimuuseumis kuni 29. VI. Karl Fritsch pälvis 2006. a. Francoise van den Boschi (hollandi ehtekunstnik, 1944-1977) auhinna, 1995. ja 2007. a. Herbert Hoffmanni preemia. Darling Publications kirjastas Karl Fritschist raamatud "Metrosideros Robusta" ja "Baby Brick"

  5. Karl Ove Knausgaard's My Struggle

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schmitt, Arnaud; Kjerkegaard, Stefan

    2016-01-01

    In this study of Karl Ove Knausgaard’s My Struggle, the authors theorize what paratextual information does to one’s reading, especially in autobiography informed literature. Although My Struggle can be read both as memoir and novel, and even as autofiction, Knausgaard is aiming at a higher truth...

  6. Karl Marx 1864 og forsigtighedsprincippet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Czeskleba-Dupont, Rolf

    2015-01-01

    Artiklen analyserer divergerende versioner af den tekst, som Karl Marx efter dannelsen af den 1.Internationale Arbejderassociation i London september 1864 har oversat fra sit engelske original (Inaugural Address...), der udkom i november, til en tysk version med overskriften 'Manifest an die arbe...

  7. Karl Stern (1906-1975).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stahnisch, Frank W; Pow, Stephen

    2015-01-01

    The forced migration process of German-speaking neurologists and psychiatrists under the Nazis during the 1930s and 40s is often preoccupied solely with "successful" concepts and therapeutic approaches. The case of German-Canadian neurologist Karl Stern (1906-1975) is very instructive, however, since the process of forced migration, for him, proved to be a transitionary process from his former cutting edge work in neuropathology and holist neurology in Germany to clinical psychiatry and the development of the new discipline of geriatric medicine in Canada.

  8. Eine Freundschaft, die Jahrzehnte überdauerte! Ein unveröffentlichter Brief Alexander von Humboldts an seinen langjährigen Freund Johann Karl Freiesleben

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katja Mönnich

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Zusammenfassung Der vorliegende Brief Alexander von Humboldts an seinen Jugendfreund Johann Karl Freiesleben (1774-1846 reiht sich ein in das Vorhaben, unpublizierte Briefe aus Humboldts Jugendzeit der Öffentlichkeit zugänglich zu machen. Editorisch fügt sich der Brief in die von Ilse Jahn und Fritz Gustav Lange herausgegebenen Jugendbriefe Alexander von Humboldts 1787-1799 ein. In diesem Band findet der Brief seinen Platz zwischen zwei Briefen Humboldts an Freiesleben, die er während seines Aufenthaltes in Dresden am 10.07.1797 sowie am 11. oder 18.07.1797 geschrieben hat. Resumen La carta de Alexander von Humboldt a su amigo de juventud Johann Karl Freiesleben (1774-1846 es parte del proyecto de investigación, que presenta cartas del joven Humboldt todavía no publicadas. Editorialmente, la carta fue adaptada a la publicación de la edición Jugendbriefe Alexander von Humboldts 1787-1799, presentada por Ilse Jahn y Fritz Gustav Lange. En este volumen, la carta está ubicada entre dos cartas de Humboldt a Freiesleben, que escribió en Dresde el 10 de julio y el 11 o 18 de julio 1797. Abstract The letter of Alexander von Humboldt to his childhood friend Johann Karl Freiesleben (1774-1846 is part of the project of making unpublished letters from Humboldt’s youth accessible to the public. Editorially, the letter fits in the edition Jugendbriefe Alexander von Humboldts 1787-1799, published by Ilse Jahn and Fritz Gustav Lange. In this volume, the letter is placed between two letters from Humboldt to Freiesleben, which he wrote during his stay in Dresden on 10th of July and on 11th or 18th of July 1797.

  9. Gustav klimt's "sunflower" impact on Schiller "sunflower" Ⅱ

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈凯新

    2016-01-01

    gustav klimt and Schiller as a master of expressionism, same to the entire world's art has a great influence. But klimt's landscape painting had a huge impact on Schiller's landscape paintings, the most typical example is Schiller's already watched the klimt's "sunflower"exhibition, to create a picture composition and theme is very similar to the sunflower Ⅱ, thus klimt for Schiller's influence.

  10. Kaua oodatud teos on ilmunud / Karl Muru

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Muru, Karl

    1995-01-01

    Arvustus: Laitinen, Kai. Soome kirjanduse ajalugu / Tlk. Piret Saluri, Ruth Mirov, värsid tlk. Jaan Kaplinski, Joel Sang. Tln. : Vagabund, 1994. Sisaldab ka Edith Södergrani luuletuse 'Lapsepõlve puud', tlk. Gustav Suits ¬ 'Mu lapsepõlve puud', tlk. Debora Vaarandi

  11. Karl Konrad Grass jumalainimeste uurijana / Alar Laats

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laats, Alar

    2006-01-01

    Karl Konrad Grass oli 19. sajandil Dorpati keiserliku ülikooli usuteaduskonna Uue Testamendi õppejõud, kes tegeles hobi korras idakristluse (vene sektid) uurimisega. Tema peateoseks on uurimus "Die russischen Sekten". Ettekanne konverentsil 15.-16. aprill 2005. a.

  12. Karl Konrad Grass jumalainimeste uurijana / Alar Laats

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laats, Alar

    2006-01-01

    Karl Konrad Grass oli 19. sajandil Dorpati keiserliku ülikooli usuteaduskonna Uue Testamendi õppejõud, kes tegeles hobi korras idakristluse (vene sektid) uurimisega. Tema peateoseks on uurimus "Die russischen Sekten". Ettekanne konverentsil 15.-16. aprill 2005. a.

  13. KARL MAYER Aims to Shape The Future

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Review of KARL MAYER at ITMA ASIA + CITME 2012 in Shanghai This June, during the ITMA ASIA + CITME 2012 exhibition that was held on June 12th-16th in the city of Shanghai, the exhibition stand of Karl Mayer without doubt spotlighted all the attention in the entire warp knitting sector, bringing its clever and innovative solutions to global visitors, particularly the customers in Asia.

  14. Karl Kello - elukutse olla saarlane / Aare Laine

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laine, Aare, 1951-

    2004-01-01

    Kuressaare Kuursaalis näidati kadripäeval nelja Ruta Celma ja Karl Kello kultuuriloolist dokumentaalfilmi : "Narr Jumala kojas" (2000), "Phaetonit otsides" (1999), "Eestlased Lätis" (2004) ja Kalevipoja temaatikat arendav "Küll siis Kalev..." (2004). Filmide operaator on Arvo Vilu. Artikli autor kõneleb Karl Kellost, tema Karja kiriku ja Kaali järve problemaatika arendustest peale filmide ka kirjasõnas

  15. Karl Kello - elukutse olla saarlane / Aare Laine

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laine, Aare, 1951-

    2004-01-01

    Kuressaare Kuursaalis näidati kadripäeval nelja Ruta Celma ja Karl Kello kultuuriloolist dokumentaalfilmi : "Narr Jumala kojas" (2000), "Phaetonit otsides" (1999), "Eestlased Lätis" (2004) ja Kalevipoja temaatikat arendav "Küll siis Kalev..." (2004). Filmide operaator on Arvo Vilu. Artikli autor kõneleb Karl Kellost, tema Karja kiriku ja Kaali järve problemaatika arendustest peale filmide ka kirjasõnas

  16. 77 FR 28419 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Gustav Klimt: The Magic...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-14

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Gustav Klimt: The Magic of Line... determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Gustav Klimt: The Magic of Line,''...

  17. La traduction plastique des Fables de la Fontaine par Gustave Moreau

    OpenAIRE

    Larue, Anne

    1996-01-01

    International audience; El papel de Eliphas Levy como inspiracion directa para la interpretacion que hizo Gustave Moreau de les Fables de la Fontaine; Le rôle d'Eliphas Lévy comme intermédiaire oublié entre les Fables de la Fontaine et leur transposition par Gustave Moreau.

  18. "Enne diskussiooni võta 100 g (40°-80°)!" : Gustav Naani kolm kirja Abe Liebmanile / Gustav Naan ; kommentaarinud Helen Lausma-Saar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Naan, Gustav, 1919-1994

    2012-01-01

    Kirjad pakuvad lisateavet selle kohta, kuidas kujunes marksistlik-leninlik-stalinlik Eesti ajaloo kontseptsioon. Annavad võimaluse heita pilgu Gustav Naani mõttemaailma ja ridade vahelt saab aimu Abe Liebmani rollist ajalooteaduse ümbermõtestamisel

  19. "Enne diskussiooni võta 100 g (40°-80°)!" : Gustav Naani kolm kirja Abe Liebmanile / Gustav Naan ; kommentaarinud Helen Lausma-Saar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Naan, Gustav, 1919-1994

    2012-01-01

    Kirjad pakuvad lisateavet selle kohta, kuidas kujunes marksistlik-leninlik-stalinlik Eesti ajaloo kontseptsioon. Annavad võimaluse heita pilgu Gustav Naani mõttemaailma ja ridade vahelt saab aimu Abe Liebmani rollist ajalooteaduse ümbermõtestamisel

  20. Gustav Flaubert's "nervous disease": an autobiographic and epileptological approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arnold, Luzia M; Baumann, Christian R; Siegel, Adrian M

    2007-09-01

    More than 20 years ago, complex partial epilepsy of occipital-temporal origin was suggested as having been the "nervous disease" of Gustave Flaubert, one of the most famous French novelists. The aim of the present work, therefore, was to reevaluate the diagnosis of Flaubert's "nervous disease" in the light of reemerged biographic information and letters, as well as the numerous scientific advances in epilepsy and its psychopathology in recent years. If the semiology of the reported attacks is considered, epilepsy ranks among the most probable diagnoses. In our opinion, psychopathological considerations suggest primary involvement of mesial temporal lobe structures with typical findings of ictal and interictal mood behavior.

  1. [The wanderings of Jules Cloquet and Gustave Flaubert].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dumont, M

    1988-01-01

    This is the story of a picaresque journey in France and in Corsica of Jules Cloquet (1790-1883), the French anatomist who described the well-known Cloquet's node and of Gustave Flaubert (1821-1880), the famous author of "Madame Bovary" and of many others novels. They were two vagabonds, Cloquet watching with slackness the young womanizering Flaubert. At 64 years of age, the lazy and meddlesome Cloquet stopped operating and writing. Surrounded by honors, he died at the age of 93, leaving his eponym to the Cloquet's node.

  2. Investigating glacial mass balance variability around the Prince Gustav Channel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Royston, Samantha; Gudmundsson, Hilmar; Clarke, Lucy; Fox, Adrian

    2015-04-01

    Glaciers on the Antarctic Peninsula have shown a varied response to recent climatic change. Most commonly, AP tidewater glaciers have retreated at the calving front and their flow rate has accelerated, increasing the contribution to sea level rise. Here, we utilise the results from a new photogrammetric technique that unlocks the archives of aerial photography from the 1940's to present, to investigate the driving mechanisms of glacier mass change on the AP over this period. Surface DEMs at different epochs have been derived using the new technique for a number of individual glacier basins. A higher-order vertically-integrated ice stream model is used to investigate the driving mechanisms of change for the area around the Prince Gustav Channel, incorporating basins covered by the new datasets. The Prince Gustav Ice Shelf collapsed in January 1995, followed by significant frontal retreat and speed up of its tributary glaciers. Additionally, significant changes have been observed for non-tributary glaciers such as Whisky Glacier on James Ross Island. Here, we investigate the sensitivity of this region's glaciers to ice shelf collapse, atmospheric and oceanic variability.

  3. Seitse võistlusromaani / Karl Ristikivi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ristikivi, Karl, 1912-1977

    1996-01-01

    Kask, Agu. Unustatud sugpõlv; Rajamaa, Helmi. Varjutatud südamed; Thoen, Aino. Võlaraamat; Veskimäe, Viktor. Kolmas võimalus; Timmukuru, Juhan. Esimesed read; Einer, Karl. Ainult üks valge liblikas; Timmukuru, Juhan. Peep Koordipoja põlistalu

  4. [Karl Landsteiner discovers the blood groups].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lefrère, J-J; Berche, P

    2010-02-01

    The discovery of ABO blood group was a major step in mastering transfusion therapy. Karl Landsteiner (1868-1843) was the author of this discovery. This paper retraces the hard career of this American scientist of Austrian origin, and describes the circumstances that led his research to the discoveries, which were turning points in the history of the immunology.

  5. Carl Gustav Jung and Granville Stanley Hall on Religious Experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Chae Young

    2016-08-01

    Granville Stanley Hall (1844-1924) with William James (1842-1910) is the key founder of psychology of religion movement and the first American experimental or genetic psychologist, and Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961) is the founder of the analytical psychology concerned sympathetically about the religious dimension rooted in the human subject. Their fundamental works are mutually connected. Among other things, both Hall and Jung were deeply interested in how the study of religious experience is indispensable for the depth understanding of human subject. Nevertheless, except for the slight indication, this common interest between them has not yet been examined in academic research paper. So this paper aims to articulate preliminary evidence of affinities focusing on the locus and its function of the inner deep psychic dimension as the religious in the work of Hall and Jung.

  6. Gustave Flaubert, Charles Dickens, and Isaac Pulvermacher's "magic band".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waits, Robert K

    2013-01-01

    Around 1850, Isaac L. Pulvermacher (1815-1884) joined the ranks of so-called "galvanists" who had, for nearly a century, been touting the shocks and sparks of electricity as a miracle cure for all ills, including neurological complaints such as palsy and hemiplegia. The famed authors, Gustave Flaubert (1821-1880), in France, and Charles Dickens (1812-1870), in England, although contemporaries, apparently never met or corresponded. But during their lives, they both became aware of Pulvermacher and his patented Hydro-Electric Chains, claimed to impart vigor and cure nearly every complaint. Pulvermacher's chains made a cameo appearance in Madame Bovary (1857), Flaubert's controversial (and most successful) novel. Among Dickens's last letters (1870) was an order for I. L. Pulvermacher and Company's "magic band." Since the Victorian age, electrical and magnetic cures, for better or worse, continue to be products of both the medical profession and quackery. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  7. EAARL Coastal Topography--Mississippi and Alabama Barrier Islands, Post-Hurricane Gustav, 2008

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — A digital elevation model (DEM) of a portion of the Mississippi and Alabama barrier islands, post-Hurricane Gustav (September 2008 hurricane), was produced from...

  8. Hurricane Gustav Aerial Photography: Rapid ResponseImagery of the Surrounding Regions After Landfall

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The imagery posted on this site is of the surrounding regionsafter Hurricane Gustav made landfall. The aerial photography missions wereconducted by the NOAA Remote...

  9. Tartumurdelise kirjanduse ettejõudmine ; Parandatud kirikukeele ja rahvaraamatute poole / Gustav Suits

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Suits, Gustav, 1883-1956

    1999-01-01

    Varem ilmunud: Suits, Gustav. Eesti kirjanduslugu I. Lund : Eesti Kirjanike Kooperatiiv, 1953. Lõunaeestikeelne "Meie Issanda Jesusse Kristusse Wastne Testament" (Riia, 1686). Eeltöödest põhjaeestikeelse piibli väljaandmiseks

  10. EAARL Coastal Topography--Eastern Louisiana Barrier Islands, Post-Hurricane Gustav, 2008: First Surface

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — A digital elevation model (DEM) of a portion of the eastern Louisiana barrier islands, post-Hurricane Gustav (September 2008 hurricane), was produced from remotely...

  11. Apontamentos sobre a psicologia analítica de Carl Gustav Jung

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luís Marcelo Alves Ramos

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available O texto faz uma introdução à Psicologia Analítica do psicólogo e psiquiatra suíço Carl Gustav Jung: define o conceito de Psicologia Analítica, traz uma biografia resumida de Carl Gustav Jung, indica as principais diferenças entre a Psicologia Analítica e a Psicanálise, descreve a estrutura e o funcionamento da psique e, por fim, apresenta sinteticamente as características dos tipos de personalidades traçadas por Jung. The text makes an introduction to the Analytical Psychology of the psychologist and swiss psychiatrist Carl Gustav Jung: it defines the concept of Analytical Psychology, brings a summarized biography of Carl Gustav Jung, indicates the main differences between Analytical Psychology and the Psychoanalysis, describes the structure and the functioning of psyche and, finally, presents synthetically the characteristics of the types of personalities traced by Jung.

  12. PERCEPTIONS OF JEWISH FEMALE BODIES THROUGH GUSTAV KLIMT AND PETER ALTENBERG

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Susanne Kelley

    2012-01-01

    Gustav Klimt and Peter Altenberg are two figures within Viennese fin-de-siècle cultural production whose art may reveal a perception of local Jewish culture through their different foci on the non-European female body image...

  13. PERCEPTIONS OF JEWISH FEMALE BODIES THROUGH GUSTAV KLIMT AND PETER ALTENBERG

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Susanne Kelley

    2016-01-01

    Gustav Klimt and Peter Altenberg are two figures within Viennese fin-de-siècle cultural production whose art may reveal a perception of local Jewish culture through their different foci on the non-European female body image...

  14. EAARL Coastal Topography--Mississippi and Alabama Barrier Islands, Post-Hurricane Gustav, 2008

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — A digital elevation model (DEM) of a portion of the Mississippi and Alabama barrier islands, post-Hurricane Gustav (September 2008 hurricane), was produced from...

  15. EAARL Coastal Topography--Eastern Louisiana Barrier Islands, Post-Hurricane Gustav, 2008: First Surface

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — A digital elevation model (DEM) of a portion of the eastern Louisiana barrier islands, post-Hurricane Gustav (September 2008 hurricane), was produced from remotely...

  16. Karl Popper and Evolutionary Concept of Epistemology

    OpenAIRE

    Ebrahim Ashni Alvandi; Majid Akbari Dehagi

    2008-01-01

    Epistemology and its formational trend have been always one of the discussions in various parts of science; and nowadays modern sciences have plentiful effects on the process of epistemological studies. Different men of letters from various fields have also studied and scrutinized it. Among these researches, evolutionary epistemology wants to explain the process of formation of epistemology by modeling it through evolution theory. Here I do effort to investigate Karl Poppers’ view point of ep...

  17. A psicologia analítica de Carl Gustav Jung: apontamentos de aula/The analytical psychology of Carl Gustav Jung: notes of lesson

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luís Marcelo Alves Ramos

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available O texto traz o conteúdo de uma aula sobre Teorias da Personalidade com foco nos fundamentos da Psicologia Analítica do psicólogo e psiquiatra suíço Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961, cuja obra vem apresentando significativas contribuições para a Psicologia Educacional, Organizacional e Clínica. The text brings the content of a lesson on Theories of Personality focused in the fundamentals of the Analytical Psychology of the Swiss psychologist and psychiatrist Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961, whose work has been presenting significant contributions for Educational, Organizational and Clinical Psychology.

  18. [The portrait of medicine and Gustav Klimt (1862-1918)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finn, Bárbara C; Bruetman, Julio E; Young, Pablo

    2013-12-01

    Gustav Klimt was an Austrian Symbolist painter and one of the most important representatives of the modernist movement of the Viennese Secession. The most notable works carried out at his golden age were the "Portrait of Adele Bloch-Bauer I" and "The kiss". In 1901 he paints "Medicine" where he returns to the entanglement of floating bodies -the lifetime- among which appears the skeleton of death; a female figure stands out from the column to represent freedom from pain. The figure of Hygeia or Hygieia, daughter of Aesculapius, who personifies medicine, is shown in the foreground. In 1911, thanks to "The life and death", a picture related to medicine, he was awarded the first prize at the Universal Exhibition of Rome. A number of his artworks were confiscated by the Nazi dictatorship. During the advance of enemy troops, and fearing that these works would become spoils of war, it was decided to burn the castle where they remained confiscated. Therefore, countless artworks were lost. The progressive development of symbolic or abstract motifs already emphasized the freedom of spirit that permeated all the avant-garde of early twentieth century.

  19. The spatial rhetoric of Gustav Zeiller's popular anatomical museum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fakiner, Nike

    2016-01-01

    This article focuses on the public experience of science by studying the exhibition practice of a small popular anatomy museum. The owner, Gustav Zeiller, a little-known German model maker and entrepreneur, opened his private collection in Dresden in 1888 with the aim of providing experts and laymen alike with a scientific education on bodily matters and health care. The spatial configuration of his museum environment turned the wax models into didactic instruments. Relying on the possible connexion between material culture studies and history of the emotions, this article highlights how Zeiller choreographed the encounter between the museum objects and its visitors. I argue that the spatial set up of his museum objects entailed rhetorical choices that did not simply address the social utility of his museum. Moreover, it fulfilled the aim of modifying the emotional disposition of his intended spectatorship. I hope to show that studying the emotional responses toward artefacts can offer a fruitful approach to examine the public experience of medicine.

  20. "Unmapped Territories": The Career of Karl Kroeber (1926-2009)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruoff, A. Lavonne Brown

    2012-01-01

    Jean Taylor Kroeber, widow of Karl Kroeber, has granted permission for "SAIL" to reprint his "Address to Columbia College Students Elected to the Phi Beta Kappa Society, 18 May 2009" and "An Interview with Karl Kroeber." Conducted by Michael Mallick, the interview was published in the newsletter of the Department of English and Comparative…

  1. Apontamentos sobre a psicologia analítica de Carl Gustav Jung

    OpenAIRE

    Luís Marcelo Alves Ramos

    2002-01-01

    O texto faz uma introdução à Psicologia Analítica do psicólogo e psiquiatra suíço Carl Gustav Jung: define o conceito de Psicologia Analítica, traz uma biografia resumida de Carl Gustav Jung, indica as principais diferenças entre a Psicologia Analítica e a Psicanálise, descreve a estrutura e o funcionamento da psique e, por fim, apresenta sinteticamente as características dos tipos de personalidades traçadas por Jung. The text makes an introduction to the Analytical Psychology of the psycholo...

  2. [Gustave Flaubert and his double, or the dialectic of the hemispheres in artistic creation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cambier, J

    1996-01-01

    Paul Girard was intrigued by Gustave Flaubert, author of the famous French novel Madame Bovary, because of the relationship between the author's style and his left temporal epilepsy. Gustave Flaubert led a double life; a highly appreciated guest at the best of Parisian soirées, he spent much of his life at Croisset as a hermit. He spoke little, yet he wrote in an extremely elaborate literary style. These contrasts cannot be explained solely on the grounds of an intercritical behaviour syndrome due to temporal epilepsy. For Flaubert, writing was a mean of compensating for an unbalanced hemispheric activation, his rigorous attention to style taming his overabundant imagination.

  3. Karl Kautsky e as origens do Cristianismo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Alberto Moniz Bandeira

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Prólogo à obra “A Origem do Cristianismo”, de Karl Kautsky (Rio de Janeiro: Civilização Brasileira, 2010, p. 07-19

  4. Kernaspekte van die kennissosiologie van Karl Mannheim

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. D. Louw

    1985-03-01

    Full Text Available The author deals with certain crucial aspects of the sociology of knowledge of Karl Mannheim in view of the fact that he finds that the increase, worldwide, of interest in ideological difficulties in South Africa can fruitfully be dealt with in terms of this form of sociology. This is justified in part by Mannheim's viewpoint that thought is a function of human existence, and this function emanates from needs based on social factors. He traces Mannheim's use of the term ideology (in Sociology, culminating With the Idea that “the birth and death of ideology depends on certain social, economic and 'ecological' factors”. Subsequently he deals with a whole line of aspects of the sociology of knowledge as expounded by Mannheim, culminating in the idea that shifts in views with regard to lifeview and underlying values take place when there is a rapid upward (vertical mobility, leading to uncertainties and a lack of trust in established values.

  5. Karl Korsch e a Comuna de Paris

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciano Cavini Martorano

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available

    Apesar de haver escrito uma extensa obra que ainda vem sendo editada no seu país natal, o marxista alemão Karl Korsch é praticamente desconhecido no Brasil – exceção feita a alguns poucos pesquisadores. Além da recente edição brasileira de seu importante trabalho Marxismo e filosofia (Editora UFRJ, e de alguns outros textos e artigos que podem ser encontrados em diferentes sites, o acesso ao conjunto de sua obra ainda é bastante difícil.

  6. Divining and knowing: Karl Sudhoff's historical method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stein, Claudia

    2013-01-01

    This article investigates the historical method of Karl Sudhoff (1853- 1938), Germany's first professor of medical history. It argues that in order to understand his ideas more fully, we need to step outside the historiography of medical history and assess his methodology in relation to the norms and ideals of German academic history writing in general. The article demonstrates that the philology-based "critical method" of Leopold von Ranke (1795-1886) was central to Sudhoff's methodological thinking. It investigates the underlying philosophical and epistemological assumptions of Ranke's method, which tend to be less appreciated than his overt empiricism and explores how Sudhoff applied these to the new professionalizing subdiscipline of the history of medicine. The article argues that Sudhoff's concerns with the methodology of history, which involved a particular conception of the relationship between the human sciences and the medical sciences, offers compelling addresses to our times.

  7. Uus nobelist : prantslane Jean-Marie Gustave Le Clézio / Kaarel Kressa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kressa, Kaarel, 1983-

    2008-01-01

    Nobeli kirjandusauhind 2008 - prantsuse romaanikirjanik Jean-Marie Gustave Le Clézio. Sisaldab autori eesti keelde tõlgitud teoste annotatsioone: Päev, mil Beaumont tegi tutvust oma valuga : [novell] / tlk. Merike Riives (kogumikust Prantsuse novell, 1973); Kõrb / tlk. Kristiina Ross (Eesti Raamat, 1990); Diego ja Frida / tlk. Sirje Keevallik (Kunst, 2007)

  8. Revisiting Gustave Le Bon’s crowd theory in light of present-day critique

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Laursen, Rasmus Beedholm; Møller, Verner

    2017-01-01

    In establishing a valid crowd theory, it seems to have become comme il faut to criticize French mass psychologist Gustave Le Bon’s mass theory. In this respect, football fan studies are no exception. A repeated criticism of Le Bon echoes in publications from scholars who analyse football fan...

  9. Gustav Suitsu õhtu järel : mitte arvustuseks, vaid arutluseks / Mati Unt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Unt, Mati, 1944-2005

    2004-01-01

    Gustav Suitsu loomingu põhjal valminud Evald Hermaküla ja Jaan Toominga lavastusest "Ühte laulu tahaks laulda" Tallinna Kirjanike Majas ja mõtetest, mis selle õhtu järel tekkisid, meenutades kaasaegse teatri isa Antonin Artaud`d, kes kohati suhtus lausa nihilistlikult kogu kultuuripärandisse

  10. Uus nobelist : prantslane Jean-Marie Gustave Le Clézio / Kaarel Kressa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kressa, Kaarel, 1983-

    2008-01-01

    Nobeli kirjandusauhind 2008 - prantsuse romaanikirjanik Jean-Marie Gustave Le Clézio. Sisaldab autori eesti keelde tõlgitud teoste annotatsioone: Päev, mil Beaumont tegi tutvust oma valuga : [novell] / tlk. Merike Riives (kogumikust Prantsuse novell, 1973); Kõrb / tlk. Kristiina Ross (Eesti Raamat, 1990); Diego ja Frida / tlk. Sirje Keevallik (Kunst, 2007)

  11. 15 aastat hiljem ehk Karl Ristikivi 90 / Janika Kronberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kronberg, Janika, 1963-

    2003-01-01

    XV Ristikivi päeva tähistamisest Ristikivi muuseumis. Karl Ristikivi Seltsi ja Eesti Võrdleva Kirjandusteaduse Assotsiatsiooni konverentsist "Eesti romaan 21. sajandi algul". Ka meenutusi K. Ristikivi loomingule pühendatud konverentsist 1987. a

  12. Märkmeid uusima Preisi tsensuuriinstruktsiooni kohta / Karl Marx

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Marx, Karl

    2000-01-01

    Preisi uue (1841. aasta) tsensuuriinstruktsiooni tõusikliku vaimu vastuolust vana (1818. aasta) tsensuurimääruse ratsionalismiga. Moraali ja religiooni vastuolust. Vt. ka Ain Kaalepi artiklit "Veel Karl Marxist ja tsensuurist

  13. Kes oli rännumees Karl Feyerabend? / Urmas Sutrop

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sutrop, Urmas, 1956-

    2001-01-01

    Feyerabend, Karl. Kosmopolitische Wanderungen durch Preussen, Curland, Liefland, Litthauen, Vollhynien, Podolien und Schlesien, in der jahren 1795 bis 1798. In Briefen an einen Freund. Bd. 3. 1801. Eestile on pühendatud reisiraamatu 40. kiri

  14. Karl Popper at ninety: Highlights of a lifelong intellectual quest

    Science.gov (United States)

    Selleri, Franco; van der Merwe, Alwyn

    1991-12-01

    On the occasion of his ninetieth birthday, Karl Popper's lifelong pursuit of answers in several areas of scientific and philosophical thinking is briefly traced, mainly with reference to excerpts from his own writings.

  15. Karl Timoleon v. Neff / Carl Christian Vogel von Vogelstein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vogel von Vogelstein, Carl Christian, 1788-1868

    2004-01-01

    "Ruskii Bibliofil", 1912, nr. 4, lk. 34; fotol tekst: "Piano di Sorrento, Villa Pisani, 20. Juli 1843". Neffi käega kirjutatud: "Karl Timoleon v. Neff geboren in Pühs in Estland im Jahre 1804 d. 2. October"

  16. Balti Maailmanõukogu aktsioonid Helsingis 1975 / Karl Laantee

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laantee, Karl, 1927-2007

    2006-01-01

    1975. a. Helsingis peetud Euroopa Julgeoleku ja Koostöö Konverentsi Balti delegatsiooni liikme Karl Laantee tekst, mille ta esitas 4. augustil 1975 Balti Maailmanõukogu pressikonverentsil "Continental"hotellis Stockholmis Rootsi Eestlaste Esinduse pressiinfona

  17. Astronaut Karl Henize with soft drink in middeck area

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-01-01

    Astronaut Karl Henize drinks from a special carbonated beverage dispenser labeled Pepsi while floating in the middeck area of the shuttle Challenger. Note the can appears to have its own built in straw.

  18. Märkmeid uusima Preisi tsensuuriinstruktsiooni kohta / Karl Marx

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Marx, Karl

    2000-01-01

    Preisi uue (1841. aasta) tsensuuriinstruktsiooni tõusikliku vaimu vastuolust vana (1818. aasta) tsensuurimääruse ratsionalismiga. Moraali ja religiooni vastuolust. Vt. ka Ain Kaalepi artiklit "Veel Karl Marxist ja tsensuurist

  19. Kes oli rännumees Karl Feyerabend? / Urmas Sutrop

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sutrop, Urmas, 1956-

    2001-01-01

    Feyerabend, Karl. Kosmopolitische Wanderungen durch Preussen, Curland, Liefland, Litthauen, Vollhynien, Podolien und Schlesien, in der jahren 1795 bis 1798. In Briefen an einen Freund. Bd. 3. 1801. Eestile on pühendatud reisiraamatu 40. kiri

  20. A comparison of the nursing home evacuation experience between hurricanes katrina (2005) and gustav (2008).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blanchard, Gary; Dosa, David

    2009-11-01

    One of the tragic legacies of Hurricane Katrina was the loss of life among Louisiana (LA) nursing home (NH) residents. Katrina revealed a staggering lack of emergency preparation and understanding of how to safely evacuate frail populations. Three years later, LA braced for Hurricane Gustav, a storm heralded to rival Katrina's power. Although its magnitude of destruction ultimately paled to Katrina, the warnings and predicted path preceding Gustav yielded a process of NH evacuations similar to Katrina. The goal of this article was to ascertain whether NH administrative directors (ADs) felt more prepared to evacuate before Gustav. In 2006, Dosa et al(5) (J Am Med Dir Assoc, 3/07), interviewed 20 NH ADs by qualitative telephone survey to evaluate their lessons learned from Katrina. Administrators at these 20 participating nursing homes were contacted and asked to participate in a follow-up survey to compare hurricane preparedness between 2005 and 2008. Specifically, ADs were asked if they evacuated before Gustav, their destination, and about logistical issues with evacuation (eg, transportation, injuries). ADs were asked to rate their confidence with state assistance, hurricane transportation, and evacuation preparedness on a 10-point scale (10=most confident) and compare their preparedness to Katrina. Sixteen of the 20 NHs that participated in 2006 agreed to be surveyed-11 of whom held the same position before Katrina. Unlike Katrina, when only 45% evacuated before the storm, all 16 NHs evacuated before Gustav (56% to another NH and 46% to a church, gym, college, or other facility). Overall, ADs rated their confidence in preparedness for Gustav as a mean of 8.3 (range 5 to 10) compared with a mean of 5.4 (range 3 to 8) for Katrina, a 54% improvement. Of the 11 ADs employed pre-Katrina, 73% reported improved collaboration with the state and 55% noted improved transportation. Nevertheless, 7 ADs noted significant logistical problems during evacuation (mostly

  1. A Comparison of the Nursing Home Evacuation Experience between Hurricanes Katrina (2005) and Gustav (2008)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blanchard, Gary; Dosa, David

    2009-01-01

    Background One of the tragic legacies of Hurricane Katrina was the loss of life among Louisiana (LA) nursing home (NH) residents. Katrina revealed a staggering lack of emergency preparation and understanding of how to safely evacuate frail populations. Three years later, LA braced for Hurricane Gustav, a storm heralded to rival Katrina's power. Though its magnitude of destruction ultimately paled to Katrina, the warnings and predicted path preceding Gustav yielded a process of NH evacuations similar to Katrina. The goal of this paper was to ascertain whether NH administrative directors (ADs) felt more prepared to evacuate before Gustav. Methods In 2006, Dosa, et. al. (JAMDA, 3/07), interviewed 20 NH ADs by qualitative telephone survey to evaluate their lessons learned from Katrina. Administrators at these 20 participating nursing homes were contacted and asked to participate in a follow-up survey to compare hurricane preparedness between 2005 and 2008. Specifically, ADs were asked if they evacuated prior to Gustav, their destination, and about logistical issues with evacuation (e.g., transportation, injuries). ADs were asked to rate their confidence with state assistance, hurricane transportation, and evacuation preparedness on a 10-point scale (10=most confident) and compare their preparedness to Katrina. Results Sixteen of the 20 NHs that participated in 2006 agreed to be surveyed – 11 of whom held the same position before Katrina. Unlike Katrina, when only 45% evacuated prior to the storm, all 16 NHs evacuated before Gustav. (56% to another NH and 46% to a church, gym, college, or other facility). Overall, ADs rated their confidence in preparedness for Gustav as a mean of 8.3 (range 5 to 10) – compared with a mean of 5.4 (range 3 to 8) for Katrina, a 54% improvement. Of the 11 ADs employed pre-Katrina, 73% reported improved collaboration with the state and 55% noted improved transportation. Nevertheless, seven ADs noted significant logistical problems during

  2. Saage tuttavaks : Elisabeth ja Karl von Hoerschelmann / Mai Levin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Levin, Mai, 1942-

    2004-01-01

    Kuraator M. Levin kuni 10. X 2004 Adamson-Ericu muuseumis avatud näitusest "Tuntud ja tundmatud Elisabeth von Rosendorff-Hoerschelmann ja Karl von Hoerschelmann". Enamik töid on kunstnike laste Konstantin Hoerschelmanni ja Anna Röder-Hoerschelmanni omand. Elisabeth Rosendorff (1898-1984) sündis Virumaal Maidlas eesti perekonnas, Karl von Hoerschelmann (1899-1951) Sevastoopolis saksa perekonnas

  3. Saage tuttavaks : Elisabeth ja Karl von Hoerschelmann / Mai Levin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Levin, Mai, 1942-

    2004-01-01

    Kuraator M. Levin kuni 10. X 2004 Adamson-Ericu muuseumis avatud näitusest "Tuntud ja tundmatud Elisabeth von Rosendorff-Hoerschelmann ja Karl von Hoerschelmann". Enamik töid on kunstnike laste Konstantin Hoerschelmanni ja Anna Röder-Hoerschelmanni omand. Elisabeth Rosendorff (1898-1984) sündis Virumaal Maidlas eesti perekonnas, Karl von Hoerschelmann (1899-1951) Sevastoopolis saksa perekonnas

  4. Zur Erinnerung an Gustav Robert Kirchhoff / Aufsätze von Robert v Helmholtz, August W. v. Hofmann, Friedrich Pockels und Emil Warburg zusammengestellt von Gabriele Dörflinger

    OpenAIRE

    Helmholtz, Robert von; Hofmann, August Wilhelm von; Pockels, Friedrich; Warburg, Emil

    2014-01-01

    Gustav Robert Kirchhoff (1824-1887) lehrte von 1854 bis 1875 als Physikprofessor an der Heidelberger Universität. Hier entdeckte er 1859/60 gemeinsam mit Robert Wilhelm Bunsen die Spektralanalyse. Die Aufsatzsammlung enthält: 1.) Robert von Helmholtz: Gustav Robert Kirchhoff 2.) August W. Hofmann: Gedächtnisrede auf Gustav Robert Kirchhoff 3.) Friedrich Pockels: Gustav Robert Kirchhoff 4.) Emil Warburg: Zur Erinnerung an Gustav Robert Kirchhoff

  5. A Conversation with Karl K. Turekian

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turekian, Karl K.; Cochran, J. Kirk

    2012-01-01

    Editors' Note Each year, the editorial board invites a distinguished member of the oceanographic community to contribute a prefatory chapter; this year, we were delighted when Karl Turekian, Sterling Professor of Geology and Geophysics at Yale, accepted our invitation. Over the course of a long and productive career, Dr. Turekian has pursued his interests in marine and atmospheric geochemistry by using natural radioactive and radiogenic isotopes to study Earth's evolution and the impacts of global change. He has also directed both the Center for the Study of Global Change at Yale and the Yale Institute for Biospheric Studies. In this interview, conducted by his former student Kirk Cochran, Dr. Turekian tells the story of his early career and discusses some of the major scientific challenges and opportunities faced along the way. His personal account of the rise of geochemistry is a charming story of how chance events and personalities impact scientific careers. His technical insight into the future of this field is illuminating, particularly for scientific outsiders who appreciate the central role of geochemistry in discerning and understanding patterns of global change. Craig A. Carlson and Stephen J. Giovannoni, Editors [Figure: see text

  6. Karl Marx dan Konsep Perjuangan Kelas Sosial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Indriaty Ismail

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available ¬¬This article explores the history of the renowned world economic and political reformist, Karl Marx with a special focus on the social class concept. It also discusses to what extent that the Marx’s concept of social class struggle is capable to provide a way out to the proletariats, to free themselves from the chains of cruelty, violence and alienation in the capitalist system. Our main focal point is to scrutinize the relationship between the concepts of social class struggle and the need for a social revolution as a catalyst for the formation of a classless society. Along the way, we studied and analyzed the documents produced on the primary sources covering major works of Marx and the secondary sources consisting reviews of the Marx’s class concept. As a result, we found out that Marx’s concept of class fight is competent to represent the oppressed group to battle for their freedom rights. The Proletariat dictatorship attitude was used as their main shield to face the threat of the capitalist class. Marx’s ultimate success is realized through a burst of ideas and beliefs that supports the ideas of egalitarian Communism although many contradictions arise between the ideas of Marx and the 20th centuries Communism when they are translated into practice.

  7. Karl Mannheim’s Jewish Question

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Kettler

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we explore Karl Mannheim’s puzzling failure (or refusal to address himself in any way to questions arising out of the position of Jews in Germany, either before or after the advent of Nazi rule—and this, notwithstanding the fact, first, that his own ethnic identification as a Jew was never in question and that he shared vivid experiences of anti-Semitism, and consequent exile from both Hungary and Germany, and, second, that his entire sociological method rested upon using one’s own most problematic social location—as woman, say, or youth, or intellectual—as the starting point for a reflexive investigation. It was precisely Mannheim’s convictions about the integral bond between thought grounded in reflexivity and a mission to engage in a transformative work of Bildung that made it effectively impossible for him to formulate his inquiries in terms of his way of being Jewish. It is through his explorations of the rise and fall of the intellectual as socio-cultural formation that Mannheim investigates his relations to his Jewish origins and confronts the disaster of 1933. The key to our puzzle is to be found in the theory of assimilation put forward in the dissertation of his student, Jacob Katz.

  8. Information Systems Foundations - Karl Popper's third world

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Craig McDonald

    2002-11-01

    Full Text Available The various information professions have matured separately over the years, developing different bodies of theory and practice to meet their evolving purposes and needs. A problem arises however, when different information professions address the same knowledge domain and there is no explicit correspondence between the conceptual structures embedded independently in each. In this situation, a knowledge worker involved in the domain is faced with a range of possibly incompatible structures presented in different forms by a range of information professions. This is a common problem that is being exacerbated by the explosion in information production and the widening access to information distribution technology, notably the World Wide Web. Information Systems now need to combine the best of what the information professions in a domain have to offer the domain’s knowledge workers. This paper examines the problem by exploring one of the foundations of the information disciplines - Karl Popper’s 3 Worlds theory, applying it to a case study and suggesting that the Information Systems discipline alone has a sufficiently broad agenda to integrate the various Informatics themes needed to support today’s knowledge workers.

  9. A psicologia analítica de Carl Gustav Jung: apontamentos de aula/The analytical psychology of Carl Gustav Jung: notes of lesson

    OpenAIRE

    Luís Marcelo Alves Ramos

    2005-01-01

    O texto traz o conteúdo de uma aula sobre Teorias da Personalidade com foco nos fundamentos da Psicologia Analítica do psicólogo e psiquiatra suíço Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961), cuja obra vem apresentando significativas contribuições para a Psicologia Educacional, Organizacional e Clínica. Palavras-chave Psicologia analítica; Teorias da personalidade Abstract The text brings the content of a lesson on Theories of Personality focused in the fundamentals of the Analytical Psychology of...

  10. Gustav Steinmann (1856-1929): Ein deutscher Ordinarius der Kaiserzeit

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seibold, Eugen; Seibold, Ilse

    2010-10-01

    Gustav Steinmann (1856-1929) was a typical German professor of the time around the turn of the twentieth century. He was active in all fields of geology, palaeontology and marginally mineralogy with a list of about 200 publications. Unfortunately, only a few documents referring to him exist today. We try to outline some details of his life and his scientific and organisational achievements and discuss some aspects of his somewhat discordant character. The geology (structure, stratigraphy including the Pleistocene) of Chile and Peru was one of his main topics. Extracts from the unpublished fieldbooks of his expeditions (1903/1904 and 1908) are given. Other regional investigations cover the Southern Black Forest, the Swiss folded Jura Mountains and their relationships with the Oberrheingraben, the Alps and Apennines. Another lifelong topic was palaeontology and the theory of evolution. Beside some pioneering scientific discoveries, he published various hypotheses that, however, were purely speculative. By contrast, the discovery of the close association of deep-sea sediments and ophiolites in the Alps and the Apennines (1905, 1927), later named the “Steinmann Trinity”, was to inspire later the theories of seafloor spreading and plate tectonics. He also was the first to prove two phases of glacial activity in the Black Forest. On the other hand, he erroneously believed that Middle Europe was once completely covered with ice and that folding in the Swiss Jura produced empty spaces in the cores of anticlines in analogy to folds in the Andes that were “passively filled by diorites”. His ideas about the evolution of organisms were also extremely speculative if not absurd. He constructed lineages that were based only on morphological appearance thus bringing together, e.g. dinosaurs and giraffes. In 1877, Steinmann finished a dissertation on fossil hydrozoa in Munich, and in 1880, as an assistant at the University of Strasbourg, a habilitation on the Jurassic and

  11. La tête coupée. L’Orphée de Gustave Moreau

    OpenAIRE

    Jamain, Claude

    2016-01-01

    L’un des prestiges de la peinture de Gustave Moreau tient aux regards des personnages peints. Ils semblent errer, cherchant à se poser sans pouvoir atteindre la surface des choses du monde, peut-être par le trop grand éclat que lui a donné le peintre. Et si, généralement, cette peinture traduit l’inquiétude, c’est que le doute est porté sur l’illusoire quotidien et sur les apparences d’un monde qui n’est plus hanté par la cohérence des sons. Car la perfection pour Gustave Moreau et pour beauc...

  12. ENT illuminated by literature. Gustave Flaubert and the glory of Gensoul.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tainmont, J

    2007-01-01

    Doctor Joseph Gensoul (1797-1858) has at least two claims to fame as an ENT physician: he was the first to practise the total resection of the superior maxillary bone, and he described a disease that was later to be known as "Ludwig's angina". In this paper, we try to project an original light on Gensoul by reference to Gustave Flaubert (1821-1880). We also look at how Flaubert's celebrity and Gensoul's glory fared differently.

  13. REVOLUÇÃO, REALISMO E REALIDADE FOTOGRÁFICA EM GUSTAVE COURBET

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prof. Dr. Marcos Fabris

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo pretende apontar e discutir o uso que faz o pintor francês Gustave Courbet de procedimentos tipicamente fotográficos, almejando examinar como sua produção artística incorpora produtivamente tais procedimentos a ponto de contribuir poderosamente para a implosão do conceito tradicional de pintura prescrito pelas ciosas instituições do período – a Academia e os Salões.

  14. Liv og lerret Fire portretter og et "kryptoportrett" av Gustav KLimt

    OpenAIRE

    Gamborg, Siri Angela

    2009-01-01

    Studie av fire portretter og et "kryptoportrett" av Gustav Klimt. Analysen fokuserer på Klimts avbildning av kvinner og menn på forskjellig måte og ved hjelp av ulike stilistiske virkemidler. Kjønnsaspektet i studien er belyst utfra samtidskonteksten og kvinnenes spesielle situasjon i Wien rundt århundreskiftet 1800/1900 og Klimts fremstilling av disse elementene i sine portretter.

  15. George Gustav Heye and the National Museum of the American Indian - Collecting the Collector

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zittlau, Andrea

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available On September 21, 2004 the National Museum of the American Indian (NMAI opened its doors to the public. This essay will look at the institution's history, especially its collector, George Gustav Heye, and his representation inside the museum walls. Oscillating between honored patron and greedy businessman, the labels and objects explore his personality but conceal his relationship to the cultures he collected that remained extraordinarily superficial. The problem will be illustrated by using museum labels to explore their implicit rhetoric.

  16. Karl Barth and the future of dogmatic theology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alasdair I.C. Heron

    2002-11-01

    Full Text Available The article discusses Karl Barth’s contribution to dogmatic theology. It describes Karl Barth’s personality and shows how his theology was put to practice in writing, in teaching, in debate, in conflict, in friendship and in opposition. Some negative comments on Barth are for example levelled at his liturgical insensitivity, unbalanced and exclusive emphasis on preaching, and his individualistic dislike of the established church, its governing structures and baptismal practice. The article focuses on Barth’s impulses for the discipline of dogmatics and demonstrates developments and directions in his work. Critically reservations regarding instances where it might seem better for theologians not to follow Barth, are  specified.    The  article  also  offers  a  glimpse  into  the  future  of  dogmatic theology seen through the lens of Karl Barth.

  17. El manzano revolucionario de Gustave Flaubert y los ocho materialismo de Jacques Lacan // Gustave Flaubert`s revolutionary apple tree and Lacan`s eight materialisms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Pavón Cuéllar

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Se examina la actitud ambivalente de Jacques Lacan hacia el materialismo a la luz de una escena puntual en la novela Bouvard et Pécuchet de Gustave Flaubert. Esta escena, en la que un manzano reviste la forma de un revolucionario, nos permite discutir la esencia problemática de la materialidad en Lacan. Se distinguen ocho formas de materialismo en la teoría lacaniana y se muestra su oposición con respecto a otras formas de materialismo rechazadas en la misma teoría. // Jacques Lacan's ambivalent attitude towards materialism is examined at the light of a precise scene in Gustave Flaubert's novel Bouvard et Pécuchet. This scene, in which an apple tree takes the form of a revolutionary, allows us to discuss the problematic essence of materiality in Lacan. Eight forms of materialism are distinguished in Lacanian theory and opposed to other forms of materialism that would be rejected in this theory.

  18. La lingüística de Gustave Guillaume. De la lengua al discurso (Gustave Guillaume’s Linguistics. From language to discourse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo von Stecher

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Aunque Gustave Guillaume (1883-1960 fue uno de los pensadores más influyentes de la lingüística francesa del siglo XX, su teoría es aún poco conocida en el ámbito hispano parlante. En la actualidad, las reflexiones en torno a su obra son llevadas a cabo, mayormente, por el grupo de investigadores de la Université de Paris III, Sorbonne Nouvelle. Una vez caracterizada su teoría, es el objetivo de este trabajo partir del análisis sobre el modo en que Guillaume reformula la dicotomía "lengua/habla"("langue/parole" de Ferdinand de Saussure, por la de "lengua/discurso", para luego relevar ciertos conceptos implicados en dicha dicotomía y fundamentales de su obra, tales como "tiempo operativo", "artículo", e "incidencia" y "decadencia". (Although Gustave Guillaume (1883-1960 was one of the most influential philosophers in XXth Century French linguistics, his theory is largely unknown in the Spanish sphere. Nowadays, new research on his work has begun to develop, mostly, in the Université de Paris III, Sorbonne Nouvelle. This paper analyses the way in which Guillaume reformulates Saussure’s "langue/parole" dichotomy into the "langue/discourse" one; and then studies specific concepts involved in such proposed dichotomy that are essential from Guillaume’s theory, such as: "operative time", "article", and "incidence and decadence".

  19. Constructing Marxism: Karl Kautsky and the French Revolution

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nygaard, Bertel

    2009-01-01

    Karl Kautsky's writings on the French Revolution were crucial to the construction not only of the Marxist interpretation of the Revolution, which was perhaps the most important reference point for the historiography of that event during the 20th century, but even of Marxism itself as a comprehens......Karl Kautsky's writings on the French Revolution were crucial to the construction not only of the Marxist interpretation of the Revolution, which was perhaps the most important reference point for the historiography of that event during the 20th century, but even of Marxism itself...

  20. Mozart, Karl Barth, og den kristne troslæren

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Nils Holger

    2010-01-01

    En diskussion af Karl Barths teologiske brug af W.A.Mozart i den kirchliche Dogmatik med kontekstuel inddragelse af en til en vis grad tilsvarende overordnet diskussion af Mozart, skrevet af en samtidig musiker, den fremtrædende Mozart-dirigent Ferenc Fricsay. ......En diskussion af Karl Barths teologiske brug af W.A.Mozart i den kirchliche Dogmatik med kontekstuel inddragelse af en til en vis grad tilsvarende overordnet diskussion af Mozart, skrevet af en samtidig musiker, den fremtrædende Mozart-dirigent Ferenc Fricsay. ...

  1. Hannah Arendt and Karl Jaspers: The Time of Friendship

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nixon, Jon

    2016-01-01

    This paper provides an introduction to the enduring friendship between Hannah Arendt and Karl Jaspers. It shows how their intellectual development as public educators was sustained by their ongoing dialogue which flourished not in spite of but because of their huge differences of circumstance and personality. This friendship between two renowned…

  2. Hannah Arendt and Karl Jaspers: The Time of Friendship

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nixon, Jon

    2016-01-01

    This paper provides an introduction to the enduring friendship between Hannah Arendt and Karl Jaspers. It shows how their intellectual development as public educators was sustained by their ongoing dialogue which flourished not in spite of but because of their huge differences of circumstance and personality. This friendship between two renowned…

  3. "Art, Imagination, Storytelling": An Interview with Karl Kroeber

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mallick, Michael

    2012-01-01

    This article presents an interview with Karl Kroeber that was originally published in "English Department Updates" (Fall 2009), a semiannual alumni newsletter of the Columbia University Department of English & Comparative Literature. In this interview, Kroeber, who taught at Columbia for 57 years, discusses the range of courses he…

  4. Chef's Signature - Karl Breen, Locks Brasserie, Dublin : Video

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    12 Hour Octopus, Black Garlic, Calamansi Mayo, Tamarind and Salted Celeriac is one of the dishes on Karl Breen's menu at Locks Brasserie in Dublin, and it's a dish that shows a cook in control of his art. Reproduced with kind permission from John & Sally McKenna. 3.16 mins

  5. Kokast ja Eesti Naisest / Karl Martin Sinijärv

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sinijärv, Karl Martin, 1971-

    2006-01-01

    Sisaldab retsepte: Ilmar Laabani lintnuudlid põdralihaga ; Jan Kausi krevetipasta ; Kauksi Ülle liharullid ; Jürgen Rooste banaanikana ; KMSi [Karl Martin Sinijärve] öine lugemisliud ; Asko Künnapi suvikõrvits ; Ilmar Laabani Margarita

  6. KARL MAYER——We Care about Your Future

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    As one of the leading manufacturers of warp knitting and warp preparation machines,KARL MAYER will be presenting at this year's ITMA 2011 in Barcelona.For the first time,all the company's business units will be represented on the same stand in hall 3,stand B 153-157,on an area of 1400 square-meter.

  7. Karl Popper and Jean Piaget: A Rationale for Constructivism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harlow, Steve; Cummings, Rhoda; Aberasturi, Suzanne M.

    2006-01-01

    The current faddish use of the term constructivism has taken on as many different definitions as the number of people attempting to define it. This essay clarifies the meaning of constructivism through an examination of Karl Popper's and Jean Piaget's theories. The authors provide a rationale for the use of Popper's paradigm of "Three Worlds" and…

  8. The Reference Process and the Philosophy of Karl Popper.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neill, S. D.

    1985-01-01

    Two aspects of Karl Popper's philosophy are applied to reference process: process is viewed as series of problem-solving situations amenable to analysis using Popper's problem-solving schema. Reference interview is analyzed in context of Popper's postulate that books contain autonomous world of ideas existing apart from mind of knower. (30…

  9. The dangerous misconceptions of Sir Karl Raimund Popper

    CERN Document Server

    Svozil, K

    2002-01-01

    Insofar as Sir Karl Raimund Popper's writings deal with political statements, they are evident; yet insofar as they deal with scientific issues, they are incorrect and misleading. If applied to the concrete implementation of science, such as distribution of research funds and (peer) review, they would seriously hamper progress.

  10. Karl XII rootsi kirjanduses / Anu Saluäär

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saluäär, Anu, 1948-

    2008-01-01

    Valikuline ülevaade Karl XII-st rootsi kirjanduses: Israel Holmström, Esaias Tegner, Zacharias Topelius, Carl Snoilsky, Anders Fryxell, Verner von Heidenstam, Harald Hiärne, Frans G. Bengtsson. Sisaldab märkusi joonealustes viidetes

  11. Gustave Flaubert's illness: a case report in evidence against the erroneous notion of psychogenic epilepsy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gastaut, H; Gastaut, Y; Broughton, R

    1984-10-01

    The concept of psychogenic epilepsy was recently revived by Sartre (L'Idiot de la Famille, 1971-2) in relation to Gustave Flaubert's epilepsy, which he believed was secondary to hysterical neurosis and not due to a cerebral lesion. A detailed clinical description of Gustave Flaubert's personal and medical history from birth to death is provided. The relationships between his epileptic seizures and both his personal life and the response of others to the attacks are discussed, as is the interaction between seizure occurrence and his literary work and productivity. The various diagnoses made by medical and nonmedical persons during and after Flaubert's lifetime are then reviewed. Particular emphasis is given to Sartre's purely psychogenic interpretation of the seizures, to his total disinterest in their medical aspects, and to the fact that he did not obtain any medical opinions. It is shown that a definitive diagnosis can be made for Flaubert's illness--that of epilepsy associated with a quite normal psychosocial response by current standards. Moreover, the clinical nature of the seizures and other clinical details permit the more specific diagnosis of "complex partial epilepsy of occipital-temporal origin, secondary to lesion of the left posterior hemisphere with occasional secondary generalization of seizures." The concept of the existence of "psychogenic epilepsy" is reaffirmed as erroneous, despite the occasional precipitation of seizures in some individuals by psychological factors. Finally, Gustave Flaubert's case, like Dostoevski's, points to the possible coexistence of a serious and poorly controlled form of epilepsy with true literary genius without the latter being dependent in any way on the former.

  12. Disaster preparedness of dialysis patients for Hurricanes Gustav and Ike 2008.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kleinpeter, Myra A

    2009-01-01

    Hurricanes Katrina and Rita resulted in massive devastation of the Gulf Coast at Mississippi, Louisiana, and Texas during 2005. Because of those disasters, dialysis providers, nephrologists, and dialysis patients used disaster planning activities to work to mitigate the morbidity and mortality associated with the 2005 hurricane season for future events affecting dialysis patients. As Hurricane Gustav approached, anniversary events for Hurricane Katrina were postponed because of evacuation orders for nearly the entire Louisiana Gulf Coast. As part of the hurricane preparation, dialysis units reviewed the disaster plans of patients, and patients made preparation for evacuation. Upon evacuation, many patients returned to the dialysis units that had provided services during their exile from Hurricane Katrina; other patients went to other locations as part of their evacuation plan. Patients uniformly reported positive experiences with dialysis providers in their temporary evacuation communities, provided that those communities did not experience the effects of Hurricane Gustav. With the exception of evacuees to Baton Rouge, patients continued to receive their treatments uninterrupted. Because of extensive damage in the Baton Rouge area, resulting in widespread power losses and delayed restoration of power to hospitals and other health care facilities, some patients missed one treatment. However, as a result of compliance with disaster fluid and dietary recommendations, no adverse outcomes occurred. In most instances, patients were able to return to their home dialysis unit or a nearby unit to continue dialysis treatments within 4 - 5 days of Hurricane Gustav. Hurricane Ike struck the Texas Gulf Coast near Galveston, resulting in devastation of that area similar to the devastation seen in New Orleans after Katrina. The storm surge along the Louisiana Gulf Coast resulted in flooding that temporarily closed coastal dialysis units. Patients were prepared and experienced

  13. Interpretation of Rumanian neuter by the number system of Gustave Guillaume

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Romana TIMOC-BARDY

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This contribution proposes an explanation of Rumanian neuter – a result of the interference of gender and number – by the dynamics of these categories in Gustave Guillaume’s vision. Psychomecanics of language, essentially operative, helps us to understand the main fact needing explanation: why and by whitch mechanisms masculine nouns change their gender to feminine in their plural? The explanation of this phenomenon involves mainly several analogous systems as: internal plural / external plural, minor animate / major animate, construction of word, conception (imaginary of space.

  14. GUSTAVE MARK GILBERT: SEXTO PRESIDENTE DE LA SOCIEDAD INTERAMERICANA DE PSICOLOGÍA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victor A. Colotla

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Este art í culo presenta una breve biografía de Gustave M. Gilbert (1911 - 1977, sexto presidente de la Sociedad Interamerican a de Psicología (SIP. Se describen datos biográficos, su papel como psicólogo de la cárcel de Núremberg y su contribución a la psicología de las dictaduras, para finalizar con su contacto con la psicología interamericana a través de la SIP.

  15. Gustav Radbruch: ¿Constituye hoy el positivismo una condición del pluralismo liberal?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Aponte Cardona

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo, el texto de Gustav Radbruch "El relativismo en la filosofía del derecho" es el punto de partida para el estudio del tema de las relaciones entre pluralismo y derecho, entre pluralismo y positivismo. Ese escrito constituye un manifiesto liberal. La intención es enriquecerlo en función de diversos autores y, sobre todo, en vista de hechos que hoy son desafíos fundamentales tanto en nuestro país como en el mundo.

  16. [Carl Gustav Carus (1789-1869) and his single ophthalmologic publication].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jähne, M

    1990-01-01

    Carl Gustav Carus is the most important personality in medicine in Dresden in the first half of the 19th century. He is well known for his manifold activity as a doctor, scientist and philosopher as well as a landscape painter of the romantic period. His literary output is estimated at about 25,000 printed pages. There is just one paper which touches ophthalmology and teratology: in 1842, Carus described the monstrous head of a pig with cyclopia. The discussion follows an idealistic line with comparative anatomical studies in fauna and flora.

  17. Perceptions of Jewish Female Bodies through Gustav Klimt and Peter Altenberg

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susanne Kelley

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Gustav Klimt and Peter Altenberg are two figures within Viennese fin-de-siècle cultural production whose art may reveal a perception of local Jewish culture through their different foci on the non-European female body image. Both men have moments in their career, when their attention turns to non-European cultures, through which they inadvertently represent and interpret their own. A selection of these two artists’ most well-known works demonstrate two frameworks in which Viennese Jewishness can be read through an alignment of the female body with Asian and African cultures.

  18. Kuninganna Kristiina ning kunungas Karl XI : rootsiaegsed portreed raekojas = Queen Christina and King Karl XI : portraits of the Swedish period in the Town Hall / Pia Ehasalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ehasalu, Pia, 1964-

    2004-01-01

    Kuninganna Kristiina portreest lapsena (1638). Arvatav autor: Rootsi tolleaegne õuekunstnik Jacob Heinrich Elbfas või tema töökoda. Rootsi kuninga Karl XI noorpõlveportreest (1670). Autor: Karl XI õuekunstnik David Klöcker Ehrenstrahl (1628-1698)

  19. Kuninganna Kristiina ning kunungas Karl XI : rootsiaegsed portreed raekojas = Queen Christina and King Karl XI : portraits of the Swedish period in the Town Hall / Pia Ehasalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ehasalu, Pia, 1964-

    2004-01-01

    Kuninganna Kristiina portreest lapsena (1638). Arvatav autor: Rootsi tolleaegne õuekunstnik Jacob Heinrich Elbfas või tema töökoda. Rootsi kuninga Karl XI noorpõlveportreest (1670). Autor: Karl XI õuekunstnik David Klöcker Ehrenstrahl (1628-1698)

  20. [Karl Jaspers and the challenges of social psychiatry].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jäger, Markus; Lang, Fabian U; Becker, Thomas

    2015-01-01

    Karl Jaspers, in his book "General Psychopathology", argued for methodological pluralism rather than theoretical dogmatism. He formulated a methodological order of psychopathology with a distinction between "explanation" (objective psychopathology) and "understanding" (subjective psychopathology, psychopathology of meaning). The latter approach focused on patients' subjective experience and biographical issues. Karl Jaspers emphasised social factors in the genesis and course of mental disorders. Following a multiperspective concept, from Jaspers' viewpoint social psychiatry should consider itself of equal importance with biological and psychotherapeutic psychiatry. Therefore, uncritical generalization of one of these perspectives should be avoided. Personalized psychiatry, apart from searching biological markers to tailor treatment should identify psychosocial factors and subjective meaning. Concepts of recovery should not ignore biological foundations in mental disorders.

  1. 1st Karl Schwarzschild Meeting on Gravitational Physics

    CERN Document Server

    Kaminski, Matthias; Mureika, Jonas; Bleicher, Marcus

    2016-01-01

    These proceedings collect the selected contributions of participants of the First Karl Schwarzschild Meeting on Gravitational Physics, held in Frankfurt, Germany to celebrate the 140th anniversary of Schwarzschild's birth. They are grouped into 4 main themes: I. The Life and Work of Karl Schwarzschild; II. Black Holes in Classical General Relativity, Numerical Relativity, Astrophysics, Cosmology, and Alternative Theories of Gravity; III. Black Holes in Quantum Gravity and String Theory; IV. Other Topics in Contemporary Gravitation. Inspired by the foundational principle ``By acknowledging the past, we open a route to the future",  the week-long meeting, envisioned as a forum for exchange between scientists from all locations and levels of education, drew participants from 15 countries across 4 continents. In addition to plenary talks from leading researchers, a special focus on young talent was provided, a feature underlined by the Springer Prize for the best student and junior presentations.

  2. Karl Raimund Popper: Problem Neopositivistik dan Teori Kritis Falsifikasi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Syamsul Huda

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Karl Popper once criticizes the positivistic paradigm by means of what he calls the theory of falsification. To him, the positivistic paradigm constitutes a failure simply because it cannot distinguish between science and prude science, that is, between empirical method and non-empirical method. In the scientific knowledge, empirical science, mathematics and logic must be differentiated, something that the positivistic paradigm has failed to do. This paradigm furthermore, did not have a clear picture what logic-based science is, empirical knowledge and psychology of knowledge. It also fails to properly understand knowledge that springs from tradition, emotion, authority and so forth. All positivistic paradigms such as that of Karl Max’s Historicism, Freud’s theory of Psycho Analysis, Adler’s theory of Individual Analysis and Newton’s theory of Gravitation fall into this trap of failure.

  3. Architecture and Art Regulations for Karl Marx Street

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alla Mironenko

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The architecture and art regulations for Karl Marx Street and adjoining territories have been worked out for the Committee for town planning of the Irkutsk city administration. Basic provisions: facades of buildings and structures, outdoor advertising and information facilities, artistic illumination of buildings, elements of land improvements. The main principle is to preserve historical appearance and to create a contemporary and comfortable environment.

  4. Adele Bloch-Bauer (1881-1925): Possible diagnoses for Gustav Klimt's Lady in Gold.

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Mota, Licia Maria H; Neubarth, Fernando; de Carvalho, Jozélio F; Diniz, Leonardo R; Aires, Rodrigo B; Dos Santos-Neto, Leopoldo L

    2016-08-01

    One of the most famous works by the Austrian symbolist painter Gustav Klimt and one of the most widely reproduced works of art worldwide, Adele Bloch-Bauer I which portrays the beautiful wife of Austrian magnate Ferdinand Bloch-Bauer. Adele was the only woman painted by Klimt on more than one occasion. Apart from the beauty and value of the painting, the daring sea of gold that surrounds Adele and the gentle intimacy with which her fragile figure is portrayed have shrouded the history of this painting in mystery. Beyond speculation as to a special bond between artist and model, observation of the painting with a keener, clinical gaze yields evidence of potential illness in the model: facial erythema which, if not produced artificially by makeup, could represent a malar rash; pallor or cyanosis of the hands; and her draped fingers, which seemingly attempt to hide a deformity. This paper seeks to provide a biographical review both of the painter, Gustav Klimt, and of the subject, Adele Bloch-Bauer; to analyse Klimt's two portrayals of her in a search for evidence of a potential intimate relationship between artist and muse and, finally, to compile clinical evidence of possible diagnoses for the Lady in Gold.

  5. The Metamorphoses of Narcissus in Symbolist and Surrealist Painting: Gustave Moreau and Salvador Dalí

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tine Germ

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The article concentrates on interpreting the Narcissus myth in the oeuvre of Gustave Moreau (1826–1898, a symbolist artist who developed the theme in many paintings and drawings, and in the famous Metamorphosis of Narcissus (1937, Tate Modern by Salvador Dalí (1904–1989, which has proved one of the most inspiring and controversial realisations of the myth. A major topic is the relation between the Narcissus myth of symbolism and surrealism on the one hand, and the story of the Boeotian youth as depicted in Ovid’s Metamorphoses on the other. With regard to the works of Gustave Moreau, the study focuses on a new paradigm, which has not been su.ciently investigated, namely the replacement of the traditional image of Narcissus reflected in the pool with a new concept: the concept of reflection as the hero’s introspection. The analysis of Dalí’s much discussed Metamorphosis of Narcissus, on the other hand, tackles the rarely addressed problem of the classical elements employed in this painting.

  6. Women of Gustav Klimt doi:10.5007/1807-1384.2010v7n2p107

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Artur Molina

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Study the production of Gustav Klimt is browsing through the history of a country, Austria, and travel the world of the Austro-Hungarian in their bellies. This work attempts to reflect the rebelliousness of the women who do not want to be sentenced to confinement despotic promoted by a man's world. Klimt, by passion, hugs, with odd aesthetic, this flag.

  7. Christelijke zending en wereldgodsdiensten: de godsdiensttheologie van Gustav Warneck, Hendrik Kraemer en J.E. Lesslie Newbigin in context

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Griffioen, D.

    2007-01-01

    This study will consider the theology of religion or theologia religionum of three missiologists in the Protestant tradition: the German missiologist Gustav Warneck, the Dutch Indologist Hendrik Kraemer and the English/Scottish missionary Lesslie Newbigin. Together, their thought on the theology of

  8. EL ERROR FUNDAMENTAL EN PSICOLOGÍA: REFLEXIONES EN TORNO A LAS CONTRIBUCIONES DE GUSTAV ICHHEISER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos José Parales-Quenza

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available El error fundamental de atribución, posteriormente conocidocomo disposicionismo ingenuo o sesgo de correspondencia,se refiere a la propensión a sobreestimar factores personalesy subestimar aspectos situacionales en la explicación delcomportamiento. El artículo reivindica las contribuciones delpsicólogo Gustav Ichheiser para argumentar cómo esa tendenciase apoya en sistemas ideológicos y, particularmente,en el individualismo como la representación colectiva másimportante del mundo occidental. Se reconoce que esta formade construir el sentido de la acción es parte del sentidocomún, pero se critica la tendencia por parte de la psicologíay de los psicólogos a reproducirla en sus formulaciones.

  9. Perceptions of psychological first aid among providers responding to Hurricanes Gustav and Ike.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allen, Brian; Brymer, Melissa J; Steinberg, Alan M; Vernberg, Eric M; Jacobs, Anne; Speier, Anthony H; Pynoos, Robert S

    2010-08-01

    Psychological First Aid (PFA), developed by the National Child Traumatic Stress Network and the Department of Veterans Affairs National Center for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, has been widely disseminated both nationally and internationally, and adopted and used by a number of disaster response organizations and agencies after major catastrophic events across the United States. This study represents a first examination of the perceptions of providers who utilized PFA in response to a disaster. Study participants included 50 individuals who utilized PFA in their response to Hurricane Gustav or Ike. Findings indicated that participation in PFA training was perceived to increase confidence in working with adults and children. PFA was not seen as harmful to survivors, and was perceived as an appropriate intervention for responding in the aftermath of hurricanes.

  10. El humanismo simbólico en la escultura de Gustav Vigeland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos D´Ors Fuhrer

    1989-01-01

    Full Text Available El 11 de abril de 1869 vio la luz cerca de Mandal, al sur de Noruega, el gran escultor Gustav Vigeland, hijo de un ebanista. Su padre era de carácter violento y desenfrenado, lúgubre ideología y religiosidad, y con un insaciable placer por el alcohol que imprimieron en el hogar una atmósfera opresiva. La gran mezcla de melancolía, pasión y frecuentemente también de fanatismo en el carácter de Vigeland fueron, con toda seguridad, herencia de la estirpe paterna. Por otro lado, sin embargo, delicadas cuerdas vibraron en su alma a lo largo de su vida heredadas, sin duda, del lado materno. Precisamente, estos grandes contrastes y enormes convulsiones fueron la fuerza motriz de su creación artística.

  11. Interlocução entre Rudolf Otto, Carl Gustav Jung e Victor White

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Pereira Ceccon

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available In 1917 Rudolf Otto published the book The Sacred and proposing the recognition of the irrational aspect as the foundation and maintainer of religious expression by means of analogies and antonyms that the called the numinous. Later, at a conference in1937, Carl Gustav Jung uses the term numinous to clarify what he meant by religion, recognizing this as an observation on what grabs consciousness, thus extending the idea of the numinous to practice and clinical studies. Victor White, Jung's main collaborator in the field of theology, weaves a critical to Otto and Jung's position front to the understanding of religious phenomena, stating that it presents a unilateralism in recognition that only their irrational sphere supports religion. This article aims to lead to a theoretical discussion as to White's reflections on the idea of numinous, in contrast to the positions of Otto and Jung.

  12. Monitoring Inland Storm Surge and Flooding From Hurricane Gustav in Louisiana, September 2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGee, Benton D.; Goree, Burl B.; Tollett, Roland W.; Mason, Jr., Robert R.

    2008-01-01

    On August 29-31, 2008, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) deployed a mobile monitoring network consisting of 124 pressure transducers (sensors) (figs. 1, 2) at 80 sites over an area of about 4,200 square miles to record the timing, extent, and magnitude of inland hurricane storm surge and coastal flooding generated by Hurricane Gustav, which made landfall in southeastern Louisiana on September 1. One-hundred twenty-one sensors from 61 sites (fig. 3) were recovered. Thirty-seven sites from which sensors were recovered were in the New Orleans area, and the remaining 24 sites were distributed throughout southeastern Louisiana. Sites were categorized as surge (21), riverine flooding (18), anthropogenic (affected by the operation of gates or pumps) (17), or mixed/uncertain on the basis of field observations and the appearance of the water-level data (5).

  13. [Matter and spirit: the unconscious in Carl Gustav Carus's psychology (1779-1868)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montiel, L

    1997-01-01

    Carl Gustav Carus, one of the originators of a doctrine centered on the unconscious, is an interesting figure from current viewpoints. The doctrine he espoused was psychological, but in addition, the author sought foundations for his thinking in the biological knowledge of his time. The unconscious that Carus postulated was simultaneously biological, material and psychological in nature. Thus the history of psychism--the history of the soul--was related with the individual's and the species's biological history. From this perspective the unconscious was recognized as an indispensable element of rational thought. This theory, which recalls in many aspects that of C.G. Jung, made possible the medical study of psychic life and the revaluation of unconscious factors of psychism which were usually denigrated by modern anthropologists and moralists.

  14. El racionalismo crítico de Karl Popper

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis María Delio Machado

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo, pretende acercar algunos de los aspectos más importantes del pensamiento de uno de los filósofos más destacados de nuestro tiempo: Sir Karl Popper. Su presencia atraviesa nuestro siglo, presentándose como una de las voces visionarias y anticipadoras que se alzaron críticamente, contra toda actitud o acción que estuviese fundada en lo dogmático y que tuviese como finalidad, el olvido o la superación del individuo, aunque dicho olvido estuviese "justificado" por oraculares "bienes o fines superiores". (... 

  15. Karl Nagel : Pain things = Pain things / Eha Komissarov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Komissarov, Eha, 1947-

    2007-01-01

    Maali- ja videokunstnik Karl Nagelist kui probleemsest nüüdisaegsest kunstnikust, kes võtab provokatiivseid positsioone ideoloogiate ja poliitika küsimustes. Tema kunstnikupositsioon keerleb terrorismi, fašismi ja natsionalismi ümber, dissidendi positsioonile asununa on ta käsitlenud surma ja vägivalla teemat (Tšetšeenia sõda) ja üritanud sõna võtta ka kodanikuvabaduste laiendamise nimel. Sotsiaalse tegelikkuse ja kunsti vastandlikkuse küsimuses on ta võtnud nulltoleratsi taotleva seisukoha, võrdlemata kunsti tegelikkusega

  16. Karl Nagel : Pain things = Pain things / Eha Komissarov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Komissarov, Eha, 1947-

    2007-01-01

    Maali- ja videokunstnik Karl Nagelist kui probleemsest nüüdisaegsest kunstnikust, kes võtab provokatiivseid positsioone ideoloogiate ja poliitika küsimustes. Tema kunstnikupositsioon keerleb terrorismi, fašismi ja natsionalismi ümber, dissidendi positsioonile asununa on ta käsitlenud surma ja vägivalla teemat (Tšetšeenia sõda) ja üritanud sõna võtta ka kodanikuvabaduste laiendamise nimel. Sotsiaalse tegelikkuse ja kunsti vastandlikkuse küsimuses on ta võtnud nulltoleratsi taotleva seisukoha, võrdlemata kunsti tegelikkusega

  17. Karl pearson the scientific life in a statistical age

    CERN Document Server

    Porter, Theodore M

    2010-01-01

    Karl Pearson, founder of modern statistics, came to this field by way of passionate early studies of philosophy and cultural history as well as ether physics and graphical geometry. His faith in science grew out of a deeply moral quest, reflected also in his socialism and his efforts to find a new basis for relations between men and women. This biography recounts Pearson's extraordinary intellectual adventure and sheds new light on the inner life of science. Theodore Porter's intensely personal portrait of Pearson extends from religious crisis and sexual tensions to metaphysical and even m

  18. Reaction rates between water and the Karl Fischer reagent.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cedergren, A

    1974-04-01

    Reaction rates between water and the Karl Fischer reagent have been determined by potentiometric measurement for various compositions of the Karl Fischer reagent. The study has been made with an iodine complex concentration of 0.3-1.2 mM and sulphur dioxide complex at 0.01-0.5M. The concentration of excess of pyridine had no measurable effect on the rate of the main reaction. The reaction was found to be first-order with respect to iodine complex, to sulphur dioxide complex, and to water. The rate constant was (1.2+/-0.2) x 10(3) 1(2). mole(-2). sec(-1). In an ordinary titration it is therefore essential to keep the sulphur dioxide concentration high for the reaction to go to completion within a reasonable time. The extent of side-reactions was found to be independent of the iodine concentration at low concentrations. The side-reactions increased somewhat with increasing sulphur dioxide pyridine concentrations and decreased to about 60% when the temperature was lowered from 24 degrees to 7 degrees.

  19. Karl Barth’s epistemology: A critical appraisal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniël P. Veldsman

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available Can the great 20th century systematic theologian Karl Barth justify the fundamental beliefs he holds regarding the priority of God’s revelation in Jesus Christ as put forward in his impressive and comprehensive Kirchliche Dogmatik? Is it enough and thus theologically justifiable to simply state in the words of Barth that the best theology would need no advocates: it would prove itself? In my appraisal of Barth’s epistemological stance, I would like to argue in this article that his stance in the first place, does not only lead to a total isolation of theological reflection, but secondly through his highly exclusive claim, takes on the character of a personal religious credo expanded into a comprehensive doctrine beyond any form of control, and ultimately thirdly, becomes methodologically in essence a specifically Barthian theology from below. Wenn die Theologie sich eine Wissenschaft nennen lässt oder selber nennt, so kann sie damit keinerlei Verpflictung übernehmen, sich an den für andere Wissenschaften gültigen Massstäbem messen zu lassen. (Karl Barth 1947:8

  20. German Astronomer Karl Menten Is 2007 Jansky Awardee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-06-01

    Associated Universities, Inc., (AUI) and the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO) have awarded the 2007 Karl G. Jansky Lectureship to Professor Karl M. Menten of the Max-Planck-Institute for Radioastronomy in Bonn, Germany. The Jansky Lectureship is an honor established by the trustees of AUI to recognize outstanding contributions to the advancement of astronomy. Karl M. Menten Professor Karl M. Menten CREDIT: NRAO/AUI Click on image for high-resolution file (433 KB) Professor Menten is an extraordinarily productive scientist whose research has improved our fundamental understanding in a number of areas of astronomy. He has studied the chemistry of molecular clouds from which new stars are formed, the process of star formation in our own Milky Way Galaxy and in the early Universe, and the outer atmospheres of stars nearing the end of their "normal" lives. In 1991, Menten used NRAO's 140-foot Telescope at Green Bank, West Virginia, to discover strong radio emission from methanol masers in star-forming regions. These masers amplify, or strengthen, radio emission the same way a laser amplifies visible-light emission. Menten developed the observation of these methanol masers into a powerful tool for studying the formation of stars much more massive than our Sun, because the strong maser emission points astronomers to the stellar birthplaces. In addition, Menten pioneered the use of ultra-high-resolution observations with NRAO's Very Long Baseline Array to observe masers to make precision determinations of the structure, size and dynamics of the Milky Way. Menten received his doctoral degree in 1987 from the University of Bonn, Germany. He then joined the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, working there until 1996, when he became the Director for Millimeter and Submillimeter Astronomy at the Max-Planck-Institute for Radioastronomy. In addition to that position, he also has been a Professor for Experimental Astrophysics at the University of Bonn since

  1. Knut Wicksell, Gustav Cassel, Eli Heckscher, Bertil Ohlin and Gunnar Myrdal on the Role of the Economist in Public Debate

    OpenAIRE

    Carlson, Benny; Jonung, Lars

    2006-01-01

    In Swedish public debate, economists have been more influential than any other category of social scientists. We examine the views of five great Swedish economists on the role of the university economist in the public arena. What did they say about scholarly objectivity and value judgements, about political commitment and educating the people? The five economists are Knut Wicksell, Gustav Cassel, Eli Heckscher, Bertil Ohlin and Gunnar Myrdal. Representing two generations and a broad political...

  2. [From Carl Ferdinand von Graefe (1787-1840) to Gustav Biedermann Günter (1801-1866) and his school].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klimpel, V

    1994-09-01

    A for the most part unknown surgical school in Germany is presented. She begins and ends in Saxony and reaches from the 18th to the begin of the 20th century. The protagonists of this school are Carl Ferdinand von Graefe and Gustav Biedermann Günther. Their characteristics are a strict indication, the surgery of skin, bones and joints as well as the ambulance surgery. Beside plastic surgery this school brought out many other specialties too.

  3. Combined effects of Hurricane Katrina and Hurricane Gustav on the mental health of mothers of small children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harville, E W; Xiong, X; Smith, B W; Pridjian, G; Elkind-Hirsch, K; Buekens, P

    2011-05-01

    Few studies have assessed the results of multiple exposures to disaster. Our objective was to examine the effect of experiencing Hurricane Gustav on mental health of women previously exposed to Hurricane Katrina. A total of 102 women from Southern Louisiana were interviewed by telephone. Experience of the hurricanes was assessed with questions about injury, danger and damage, while depression was assessed with the Edinburgh Depression Scale and post-traumatic stress disorder using the Post-Traumatic Checklist. Minor stressors, social support, trait resilience and perceived benefit had been measured previously. Mental health was examined with linear and log-linear models. Women who had a severe experience of both Gustav and Katrina scored higher on the mental health scales, but finding new ways to cope after Katrina or feeling more prepared was not protective. About half the population had better mental health scores after Gustav than at previous measures. Improvement was more likely among those who reported high social support or low levels of minor stressors, or were younger. Trait resilience mitigated the effect of hurricane exposure. Multiple disaster experiences are associated with worse mental health overall, although many women are resilient. Perceiving benefit after the first disaster was not protective. © 2010 Blackwell Publishing.

  4. Combined effects of Hurricane Katrina and Hurricane Gustav on the mental health of mothers of small children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harville, Emily W.; Xiong, Xu; Smith, Bruce W.; Pridjian, Gabriella; Elkind-Hirsch, Karen; Buekens, Pierre

    2012-01-01

    Few studies assessed the results of multiple exposures to disaster. Our objective was to examine the effect of experiencing Hurricane Gustav on mental health of women previously exposed to Hurricane Katrina. 102 women from Southern Louisiana were interviewed by telephone. Experience of the hurricanes was assessed with questions about injury, danger, and damage, while depression was assessed with the Edinburgh Depression Scale and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) using the Post-traumatic Checklist. Minor stressors, social support, trait resilience, and perceived benefit had been measured previously. Mental health was examined with linear and log-linear models. Women who had a severe experience of both Gustav and Katrina scored higher on the mental health scales, but finding new ways to cope after Katrina or feeling more prepared was not protective. About half the population had better mental health scores after Gustav than at previous measures. Improvement was more likely among those who reported high social support or low levels of minor stressors, or were younger. Trait resilience mitigated the effect of hurricane exposure. Multiple disaster experiences are associated with worse mental health overall, though many women are resilient. Perceiving benefit after the first disaster was not protective. PMID:21418428

  5. Karl Polanyi og utopien om det fri marked

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christiansen, Christian O.

    2012-01-01

    This article offers the first comprehensive introduction to Karl Polanyi’s The Great Transformation (TGT) from 1944 written in Danish. Relatively unnoticed by the time of its publication, TGT has since received widespread attention, especially after the rise of economic globalisation and of neo-l...... intellectual history, and its historical significance. The article introduces main themes of TGT and the reception of TGT. At the end, it briefly sketches a ‘Polanyian’ account of the world financial crisis of 2008.......-liberal policies. The thesis of TGT is that the great wars and crisis of Western civilization in the 20th century should be seen against the backdrop of the 19th century’s liberal civilisation. Polanyi argues that the attempt to create a liberal, free market world order was crucial for the later breakdown...

  6. Descriptive psychopathology, phenomenology, and the legacy of Karl Jaspers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Häfner, Heinz

    2015-03-01

    With his early publications (1910-1913), Karl Jaspers created a comprehensive methodological arsenal for psychiatry, thus laying the foundation for descriptive psychopathology. Following Edmund Husserl, the founder of philosophical phenomenology, Jaspers introduced phenomenology into psychopathology as "static understanding," ie, the unprejudiced intuitive reproduction (Vergegenwärtigung) and description of conscious phenomena. In a longitudinal perspective, "genetic understanding" based on empathy reveals how mental phenomena arise from mental phenomena. Severance in understanding of, or alienation from, meaningful connections is seen as indicating illness or transition of a natural development into a somatic process. Jaspers opted for philosophy early. After three terms of law, he switched to studying medicine, came to psychopathology after very little training in psychiatry; to psychology without ever studying psychology; and to a chair in philosophy without ever studying philosophy. In the fourth and subsequent editions of his General Psychopathology, imbued by his existential philosophy, Jaspers partly abandoned the descriptive method.

  7. The origin of art according to Karl von den Steinen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pierre Déléage

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Based on a study of the custom, adopted by ethnologists in the early 20th century, of asking Amerindians of Lowland South America to do drawings in pencil in their notebooks, I explore three forgotten fragments of the history of thinking: the intense debates on the origin of ornaments, opposing an evolutionist and a materialist approach at the end of the 19th century; the theories on the origin of figuration, which I show date back to the important work of Karl von den Steinen regarding the populations of central Brazil; and the publications of ethnologists’ portraits drawn by Indians of the lowlands of South America, a little-known tradition of reverse anthropology serving as a counterpoint to the study of the reception of Amerindian art in Western ethnological literature.

  8. Wie is die sondaar? Die beskouing van Karl Barth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. J. van Zyl

    1994-01-01

    Full Text Available Who is the sinner? The view of Karl Barth The previous article dealt with Barth’s view of the knowledge and real essence of sin, while this one focus on his view of the human being as sinner. In accordance with his christological approach to all theological matters, Barth presents us with a description of the image and character of the sinner as mirrored by the obedient suffering and death of Jesus Christ on the cross in the place of all sinners of all times - past, present and future. The price that God paid in surrendering his only Son to such suffering, indicates the enormous guilt and baseness of every sinner. Every human being is utterly insolvent and can only be delivered from sin through God’s graceful remission of siru

  9. Sir Karl Popper and his philosophy of physics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jammer, Max

    1991-12-01

    The eminent mathematical physicist Sir Hermann Bondi once said: “There is no more to science than its method, and there is no more to its method than Popper has said.” Indeed, many regard Sir Karl Raimund Popper the greatest philosopher of science in our generation. Much of what Popper “has said” refers to physics, but physicists, generally speaking, have little knowledge of what he has said. True, Popper's philosophy of science and, in particular, his realistic interpretation of quantum mechanics deviates considerably from the generally accepted doctrine. But as Popper, rightly I think, points out, it is precisely the proliferation of divergent theories which promotes the growth of scientific knowledge; it would be a danger for physics if physicists were dogmatically tied to a single theory or would not test their theory against alternatives. It is for this purpose that, on the occasion of the nonagenarian celebration of Popper's birthday, the present essay has been written.

  10. Karl Heinz Göller (1924-2009: in memoriam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janez Stanonik

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The study is written in memory of Karl Heinz Göller, Professor of English literature at the Regensburg University, who died in Kelheim near Regensburg on 22nd April 2009. University of Regenburg was founded in 1967, and Göller was the first Dean of its Faculty of Philosophy. For more than 40 years he worked for the development of good contacts betwen the universities of Regensburg and Ljubljana. Since 2000 he was member of the Advisory Committee of the review Acta Neophilologica. In 1983 he founded the Society of German Mediaevalists, one of the leading societies of German scholars from the whole Germany, and was elected its first president. The study gives report on the development of Göller as a scholar, and his basic achievement in his research, pedagogical work and in university administration.

  11. Karl Lagerfeld打造天价礼盒

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙逸轩(编); Holly(译)

    2008-01-01

    著名的Dom Perignon不久前邀请到时装大师Karl Lagerfeld为英国Harrods百货设计了一款Dom Perignon Rose Vintages限量礼盒装。并已在Harrods百货公司开始出售。这款Dom Perignon Rose Vintages限量礼盒外型很似订制吉他盒,粉色蛇纹外表搭配闪耀的金属扣,整体感觉前卫、时髦,盒内衬有同色羔羊皮,并装有六只珍藏的精巧Dom Perignon Rose Vintages与三个香槟杯。

  12. Karl Popper: antes y después de Kyoto

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zanotti, Gabriel

    1999-06-01

    Full Text Available Not available.En su último libro sobre Karl Popper, Mariano Artigas plantea una hermenéutica revolucionaria: muestra que la ética de Popper es el fundamento de su epistemología, y que el fundamento de esa ética está lejos del «conjeturalismo» que suele atribuirse a Popper. Artigas analiza qué significa en Popper la «fe irracional en la razón» y utiliza, como fuente inédita, el dramático relato que hace Popper de su relación con W. W. Bartley, por primera vez, en Kyoto, en 1992. Sea cual fuere la opinión del lector, el libro de Artigas divide la hermenéutica de Popper en un antes y un después.

  13. Karl Heinrich Ulrichs: First Theorist of Erotic Age Orientation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Janssen, Diederik F

    2017-01-01

    The nomination of Karl Heinrich Ulrichs (1825-1895) as the first theorist of homosexuality may be placed in the oblique light of his eligibility for the nomination as the first theorist of erotic age orientation. In Ulrichs's pamphlets, "man-manly" homosexuality emerged as a particular age orientation, with a subsequent typological breakdown that, importantly, blended gender orientation and age orientation. Into the early 20th century, erotic age orientation remained bound up with the classification and emancipation of what here was demarcated as Urningsliebe. Ulrichs's pioneering and shifting comments on age eventually fed into his legal model of consenting adults in private. They also provide a starting point for the historical understanding of the trope of "grooming pedophile" as it, arguably, crossfaded with that of the "seducing homosexual" after the latter's depsychiatricization across the Western world.

  14. Karl Marx e a Revolução Russa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angelo Segrillo

    Full Text Available Resumo O artigo analisa a visão de Karl Marx sobre a possibilidade de ocorrência da revolução na Rússia. Inicialmente concentrando suas esperanças nos países da Europa Ocidental, onde o capitalismo estava mais desenvolvido, com o fracasso das revoluções de 1948 e da Comuna de Paris, Marx se volta para as possibilidades de revolução a partir do Leste, da Rússia, até ali considerada o bastião da reação. Suas ideias são expostas em correspondência com os próprios revolucionários russos. Essa trajetória intelectual de Marx é descrita a partir de seus próprios escritos.

  15. Karl Popper's Conception of Metaphysics and its Problems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cláudia Ribeiro

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available In this paper I intend to thoroughly analyse Karl Popper’s relation to metaphysics. I start with his first writings, where he states the differences between science, pseudoscience and metaphysics. I then describe how his thoughts on the subject evolved to culminate in his reflection on metaphysical research programmes and the need for a revival of natural philosophy. A major concern is Popper’s famous testability criterion to set apart science from non-science. I point at the problems of the conception of metaphysics as non-testable theories (which are similar to the problems of the conception of metaphysics as theories involving unobservables and, in order to avoid these problems, I propose to retain nothing but the traditional conception of metaphysics as the general theories about the nature of the world. This leads me to the conclusion that science is not only an empirical task but also, and in a very important sense, a speculative one.

  16. O marxismo antidogmático de Karl Korsch

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nildo Viana

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo tematiza o marxismo de Karl Korsch, focalizando seu caráter não dogmático. A partir de um resgate do caráter crítico e revolucionário do marxismo de Marx, Korsch realiza uma crítica radical ao revisionismo e leninismo. Para tal, ele não só resgata o verdadeiro caráter da dialética marxista e da concepção materialista da história, como exige a coerência dessa concepção ao defender o princípio de aplicação dela a si mesma. Assim ele lança as bases de um marxismo não dogmático, para o qual é o vínculo com o proletariado que mostra o caráter do marxismo e não ideologias petrificadas. Abstract: This article thematizes Marxism of Karl Korsch, focusing on its non dogmatic. From a rescue of criticality and revolutionary Marxism of Marx, Korsch performs a radical critique of revisionism and Leninism. To do so, he not only rescues the true character of Marxist dialectics and materialist conception of history, as this concept requires consistency in defending the principle of applying it to herself. So he lays the foundations of a non-dogmatic Marxism, to which is the bond with the proletariat that shows the character of Marxism and not petrified ideologies. Key words: Marxism, dogmatism, criticism, historical materialism, dialectical.

  17. Beyond synchronicity: the worldview of Carl Gustav Jung and Wolfgang Pauli.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donati, Marialuisa

    2004-11-01

    While exploring the phenomena of synchronicity, Carl Gustav Jung became acquainted with the quantum physicist Wolfgang Pauli and eventually began a collaboration with him. During that collaboration Jung's study of synchronistic phenomena underwent a considerable change; prior to the collaboration, Jung had stressed mainly the phenomenological and empirical features of synchronistic phenomena, while in association with Pauli, he focused his attention upon their ontological, archetypal character. Pauli, on the other hand, became increasingly sensitive to the philosophical aspects concerning the unconscious. Jung and Pauli's common reflections went far beyond psychology and physics, entering into the realm where the two areas meet in the philosophy of nature. In fact, as a consequence of their collaboration, synchronicity was transformed from an empirical concept into a fundamental explanatory-interpretative principle, which together with causality could possibly lead to a more complete worldview. Exploring the problematic character of the synchronicity concept has a heuristic value because it leads to the reconsideration of the philosophical issues that drove Jung and Pauli to clear up the conceptual background of their thoughts. Within the philosophical worldview arising from Jung and Pauli's discussions about synchronicity, there are many symbolic aspects that go against mainstream science and that represent a sort of criticism to some of the commonly held views of present day science.

  18. Gustav Senn (1875-1945): the pioneer of chloroplast movement research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kataoka, Hironao

    2015-01-01

    Gustav Senn analyzed for the first time light-induced movement and arrangement of chloroplasts. Using many plant species he performed physiological analyses of chloroplast migration in response to external stimuli, with emphasis on light. He determined light paths within a cell by measuring refractive indices and optical thickness of cellular compartments and confirmed that chloroplasts migrate towards the region where the light intensity is optimum. After 6 to 7 years' concentrated study, Senn published the famous monograph "Die Gestalts- und Lageveränderung der Pflanzen- Chromatophoren" (The Changes in Shape and Position of Plant Chloroplasts) in 1908. This book has stimulated many plant physiologists and photobiologists, because Senn not only thoroughly classified and defined various types of light-induced chloroplast migration but also already described possible interaction of different photoreceptor systems in Mougeotia more than 50 years before the discovery of phytochrome. This book also contains still useful experimental hints and overlooked findings on the interaction between light and other factors, such as temperature, water content, and nourishment. After publishing this book, Senn retreated from the study of chloroplasts and became a researcher of the Greek philosopher, Theophrastus. In this review, I introduce his biographical background and then summarize some of his key research accomplishment.

  19. Inductive reasoning in medicine: lessons from Carl Gustav Hempel's 'inductive-statistical' model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gandjour, Afschin; Lauterbach, Karl Wilhelm

    2003-05-01

    The purpose of this paper is to discuss both the fundamental requirements of sound scientific explanations and predictions and common fallacies that occur in explaining and predicting medical problems. To this end, the paper presents Carl Gustav Hempel's 'covering-law' model (1948 and 1962) and reviews some of the criticism of the model. The strength of Hempel's model is that it shows that inductive arguments, when applied with the requirement of maximal specificity, can serve as explanations as well as predictions. The major weakness of the 'covering-law' model, its inability to portray causal relatedness, has been addressed by philosophers such as Wesley Salmon. While few philosophers today agree with the 'covering-law' model in its original formulation, there is widespread consensus that the law has made a central contribution to describing the fundamental requirements of sound scientific explanations. Applying this model and its revisions in the medical context may help uncover potentially undetected fallacies in reasoning when explaining and predicting medical problems.

  20. The Nobel Prize and otolaryngology: 'Papa Gunnar's' promotion of his peers Gustav Killian and Themistocles Gluck.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hansson, Nils; Halling, Thorsten; Fangerau, Heiner

    2016-09-01

    This study is part of a larger project investigating the enactment of excellence in medicine, with a focus on the Nobel Prize. It takes a closer look at two promising candidates for the Prize in the 1920s and 1930s, Gustav Killian and Themistocles Gluck, and aims at reconstructing their Nobel careers as well as taking Gunnar Holmgren's role as a nominator and evaluator behind the curtains into account. Besides the files collected at the Nobel Archive, the paper is based on a review of scientific publications and ergo-biographical sketches. An analysis of Nobel Prize nominations and evaluations offer a unique perspective to study aspects of the history of otolaryngology. Using original files in the archive of the Nobel committee for physiology or medicine in Sweden, this historical vignette explores judgments of scientific innovation and performance in the history of otolaryngology during the first half of the 20th century. This study shows that Gunnar Holmgren, the founder of Acta Oto-Laryngologica in 1918, repeatedly put forward scholars within the field as prime contenders for the award.

  1. Interlocução entre Rudolf Otto, Carl Gustav Jung e Victor White

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Pereira Ceccon

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available En 1917, Rudolf Otto publicó el libro Lo Sagrado que propone el reconocimiento del aspecto irracional como el fundamento y sostén de la expresión religiosa a través de analogías y antinomias que llamó lo numinoso. Más tarde, en una conferencia en1937, Carl Gustav Jung utiliza el término numinoso para aclararlo dilucidar qué entiende por religión, reconociéndola como una observación sobre lo que arrebata la conciencia, ampliando de esta manera la idea de numinoso a la práctica y el estudio clínico. Víctor White, principal colaborador de Jung en el campo de la teología, teje una crítica sobre las posiciones de Otto y Jung de comprender el fenómeno religioso, afirmando que tienen una actitud unilateral en el reconocimiento de que sólo la esfera irracional fundamenta la religión. Este artículo propone una discusión teórica alrededor de las reflexiones de White en la idea de lo numinoso, contra las posiciones de Otto y Jung.

  2. Gustav Senn (1875-1945):The pioneer of chloroplast movement research

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hironao Kataoka

    2015-01-01

    Gustav Senn analyzed for the first time light-induced movement and arrangement of chloroplasts. Using many plant species he performed physiological analyses of chloroplast migration in response to external stimuli, with emphasis on light. He determined light paths within a cel by measuring refractive indices and optical thickness of cel ular compartments and confirmed that chloroplasts migrate towards the region where the light intensity is optimum. After 6 to 7 years’ concentrated study, Senn published the famous monograph “Die Gestalts- und Lageveränderung der Pflanzen-Chromatophoren”(The Changes in Shape and Position of Plant Chloroplasts) in 1908. This book has stimulated many plant physiologists and photobiologists, because Senn not only thoroughly classified and defined various types of light-induced chloroplast migration but also already described possible interaction of different photoreceptor systems in Mougeotia more than 50 years before the discovery of phytochrome. This book also contains stil useful experimental hints and over-looked findings on the interaction between light and other factors, such as temperature, water content, and nourishment. After publishing this book, Senn retreated from the study of chloroplasts and became a researcher of the Greek philoso-pher, Theophrastus. In this review, I introduce his biographical background and then summarize some of his key research accomplishment.

  3. The \\c{hi}2-test, the Muon AMM and Karl R. Popper

    CERN Document Server

    Iurato, Giuseppe

    2013-01-01

    In this very brief note, we only wish to identify a simple but notable epistemological basis, concerning the Karl R. Popper philosophy of science thought, into the realm of the experimental proves of Fundamental Physics.

  4. Karl E. Mundt National Wildlife Refuge: Annual narrative report: Calendar year 1978

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Karl E. Mundt NWR outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1978 calendar year. The report begins with an introduction to the Refuge and...

  5. Karl E. Mundt National Wildlife Refuge: Annual narrative report: Calendar year 1979

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Karl E. Mundt NWR outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1979 calendar year. The report begins with an introduction to the Refuge and...

  6. Karl E. Mundt National Wildlife Refuge: Annual narrative report: Calendar year 1980

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Karl E. Mundt NWR outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1980 calendar year. The report begins with an introduction to the Refuge and...

  7. „Warum ich nicht Diorit-Trachyt sagen soll.“ – Ein geologischer Brief Gustav Roses an Alexander von Humboldt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Konstantin Treuber

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Zusammenfassung Gustav Rose (1798-1873 begleitete Alexander von Humboldt auf seiner Russlandreise und stand bis zu Humboldts Tod persönlich und postalisch zum ihm in Kontakt. Die Edition des vorliegenden Briefs zielt darauf ab, die Bedeutung der Person Gustav Rose in ihrer Beziehung zu Alexander von Humboldt und ihrem Einfluss auf den mineralogisch-geologischen Teil des Kosmos zu beleuchten und dem Leser dieses interessante historische Dokument zugänglich zu machen. Abstract Gustav Rose (1798-1873 accompanied Humboldt on his journey to Russia. He kept in touch with Humboldt after this expedition until Humboldt died in 1859. The edition of the letter at hand aims at highlighting Rose’s relation to Humboldt and how he influenced the geological and mineralogical part of the Kosmos. It shall also make this impressive historical document accessible to readers by providing illustrating annotations.

  8. Propiedades materiales y experiencias subjetivas : los modelos anatómicos de Gustav Zeiller (1850-1904)

    OpenAIRE

    Fakiner, Nike Verena

    2014-01-01

    Los protagonistas de esta tesis doctoral son artefactos materiales, modelos anatómicos en cera, fabricados por Gustav Zeiller, un modelador anatómico, muy poco estudiado hasta la fecha. La investigación de modelos anatómicos ha llamado la atención a investigadores de excelencia como Nick Hopwood, Thomas Schnalke o Renato Manzollini que han analizado su papel en la práctica anatómica. También Julius von Schlosser, el discípulo de Aby Warburg, estudió artefactos en cera en diversas prácticas cu...

  9. Testing the null hypothesis: the forgotten legacy of Karl Popper?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilkinson, Mick

    2013-01-01

    Testing of the null hypothesis is a fundamental aspect of the scientific method and has its basis in the falsification theory of Karl Popper. Null hypothesis testing makes use of deductive reasoning to ensure that the truth of conclusions is irrefutable. In contrast, attempting to demonstrate the new facts on the basis of testing the experimental or research hypothesis makes use of inductive reasoning and is prone to the problem of the Uniformity of Nature assumption described by David Hume in the eighteenth century. Despite this issue and the well documented solution provided by Popper's falsification theory, the majority of publications are still written such that they suggest the research hypothesis is being tested. This is contrary to accepted scientific convention and possibly highlights a poor understanding of the application of conventional significance-based data analysis approaches. Our work should remain driven by conjecture and attempted falsification such that it is always the null hypothesis that is tested. The write up of our studies should make it clear that we are indeed testing the null hypothesis and conforming to the established and accepted philosophical conventions of the scientific method.

  10. Centenary of Karl Jaspers's general psychopathology: implications for molecular psychiatry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thome, Johannes

    2014-01-01

    Modern molecular psychiatry benefits immensely from the scientific and technological advances of general neuroscience (including genetics, epigenetics, and proteomics). This "progress" of molecular psychiatry, however, will be to a degree "unbalanced" and "epiphytic" should the development of the corresponding theoretical frameworks and conceptualization tools that allow contextualization of the individual neuroscientific findings within the specific perspective of mental health care issues be neglected. The General Psychopathology, published by Karl Jaspers in 1913, is considered a groundbreaking work in psychiatric literature, having established psychopathology as a space of critical methodological self-reflection, and delineating a scientific methodology specific to psychiatry. With the advance of neurobiology and molecular neuroscience and its adoption in psychiatric research, however, a growing alienation between current research-oriented neuropsychiatry and the classical psychopathological literature is evident. Further, consensus-based international classification criteria, although useful for providing an internationally accepted system of reliable psychiatric diagnostic categories, further contribute to a neglect of genuinely autonomous thought on psychopathology. Nevertheless, many of the unsolved theoretical problems of psychiatry, including those in the areas of nosology, anthropology, ethics, epistemology and methodology, might be fruitfully addressed by a re-examination of classic texts, such as Jaspers's General Psychopathology, and their further development and adaptation for 21st century psychiatry.

  11. Falsifications and corroborations: Karl Popper's influence on systematics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Helfenbein, Kevin G; DeSalle, Rob

    2005-04-01

    Over the last three decades, the philosophy of Karl Raimund Popper has had a strong influence on the field of systematic biology. Unequivocally, no other philosopher's work has had such an influence during this formative period in systematics. Much, but not all, of the early discourse on Popper and systematics dealt with the philosophical basis of systematics as a science. More recently Popper's work has been discussed in the systematics literature in relation to specific methodologies such as parsimony and maximum likelihood. In this paper, we provide the reader with a concise summary of Popper's ideas relevant to systematics, review the systematic literature invoking or declining Popper's importance to the field, and make a recommendation for the future course of philosophical thinking in systematics. We try to make clear various authors' interpretations of Popper's work and how those interpretations have impacted systematic thought. Although the reader may come away from this review with a clearer idea of Popper's relevance or lack thereof, our primary hope is that the reader will be compelled to question him- or herself about the philosophical basis of the systematic work that he or she does, and to delve into the literature herein cited. We begin by presenting a synopsis of Popper's philosophical views to allow those views to be placed in the context of systematics.

  12. Karl Marx and the Study of Media and Culture Today

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian Fuchs

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available The task of this paper discusses the role of Marx in analysing media, communica-tion and culture today. An analysis of three contemporary Cultural Studies works – Lawrence Grossberg’s monograph Cultural Studies in the Future Tense, John Hartley’s monograph Digital Futures for Cultural and Media Studies and Paul Smith’s edited volume The Renewal of Cultural Studies – shows that there is an agreement that the economy needs to be taken more into account by Cultural Studies, but disagreement on which approach should be taken and what the role of Karl Marx’s works shall be. The paper argues that Marx’s labour theory of value is especially important for critically analysing the media, culture and communica-tion. Labour is still a blind spot of the study of culture and the media, although this situation is slowly improving. It is maintained that the turn away from Marx in Cultural and Media Studies was a profound mistake that should be reverted. Only an engagement with Marx can make Cultural and Media Studies topical, politically relevant, practical and critical, in the current times of global crisis and resurgent critique.

  13. Karl Pearson and eugenics: personal opinions and scientific rigor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delzell, Darcie A P; Poliak, Cathy D

    2013-09-01

    The influence of personal opinions and biases on scientific conclusions is a threat to the advancement of knowledge. Expertise and experience does not render one immune to this temptation. In this work, one of the founding fathers of statistics, Karl Pearson, is used as an illustration of how even the most talented among us can produce misleading results when inferences are made without caution or reference to potential bias and other analysis limitations. A study performed by Pearson on British Jewish schoolchildren is examined in light of ethical and professional statistical practice. The methodology used and inferences made by Pearson and his coauthor are sometimes questionable and offer insight into how Pearson's support of eugenics and his own British nationalism could have potentially influenced his often careless and far-fetched inferences. A short background into Pearson's work and beliefs is provided, along with an in-depth examination of the authors' overall experimental design and statistical practices. In addition, portions of the study regarding intelligence and tuberculosis are discussed in more detail, along with historical reactions to their work.

  14. 100 anos da 'psicopatologia geral' de Karl Jaspers : Actas do Colóquio 100 Anos da 'Psicopatologia Geral' de Karl Jaspers

    OpenAIRE

    Teixeira, José A. Carvalho

    2014-01-01

    Publicam-se agora as Actas do Colóquio 100 ANOS DA ‘PSICOPATOLOGIA GERAL’ DE KARL JASPERS, realizado em 19 de Fevereiro de 2014 e organizado pelo Departamento de Psicologia Clínica e da Saúde do ISPA – Instituto Universitário.

  15. The impact of Hurricanes Gustav and Ike on offshore oil and gas production in the Gulf of Mexico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kaiser, Mark J.; Yu, Yunke [Center for Energy Studies, Louisiana State University, Energy Coast and Environment Building, Nicholson Extension Drive, Baton Rouge, LA 70803 (United States)

    2010-01-15

    During August and September 2008, Hurricanes Gustav and Ike passed through the Gulf of Mexico and damaged and destroyed a number of offshore oil and gas structures. In the final official government assessment, a total of 60 platforms were destroyed and 31 structures were identified as having extensive damage. The destroyed platforms were responsible for about 1.6% of the oil and 2.5% of the gas produced daily in the Gulf of Mexico and represented approximately 234 million BOE of reserves valued between 4.6 and 10.9 billion. Although the number of structures destroyed by Hurricanes Gustav and Ike was half the total destruction from the 2004-2005 hurricane seasons, we estimate that the reserves at risk are approximately three times more valuable. Each destroyed structure is unique in its production capacity and damages incurred and are a candidate for redevelopment. We review pre-hurricane production and revenue characteristics for the collection of destroyed structures and estimate production at risk. Gas structures are expected to present better economics and redevelopment potential than oil structures, and we predict that 198 million BOE, or nearly 95% of reserves-in-place, are likely to be redeveloped. Shut-in production statistics are compared against recent hurricane events and general comments on the factors involved in decision making are presented. (author)

  16. O pensamento epistemológico de Karl Popper

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Luiz dos Santos

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Desde a antiguidade, o critério de demarcação entre o que é ciência e o que não é ciência tem sido discutido. A noção que então se tinha de ciência coincidia com a busca do saber absoluto. Tornava-se necessária, para os pensadores gregos, entre eles, Aristóteles, Pitágoras e Descartes, a consolidação de uma distinção precisa entre o saber contingente e o saber necessário, pois o único discurso que poderia satisfazer às exigências do rigor científico era aquele que apontasse, nos fenômenos, conexões causais cuja necessidade pudesse ser demonstrada. Antes de Popper, o pensamento filosófico ocidental atravessou séculos tentando explicar por que nossas teorias frequentemente estavam erradas. Em sua obra fundamental, A Lógica da Pesquisa Científica, Karl Popper coloca em novos termos a discussão epistemológica ao demonstrar que o erro, em vez de ser um mal que pode ser evitado através do recurso a algum procedimento metodológico específico, constitui componente inevitável de qualquer teoria científica, sendo o motor pelo qual a ciência se move. Buscando captar a lógica do desenvolvimento da ciência, Popper inicia sua exposição destruindo aquele que talvez fosse, de todos os princípios filosóficos, o mais caro aos cientistas e à boa parte dos filósofos de seu tempo: o princípio da indução como método de procedimento científico. Neste artigo, abordam-se alguns dos principais tópicos do pensamento popperiano, como o princípio da indução, a concepção de ciência e a falseabilidade. Também se intenta aduzir alguns debates filosóficos, justapondo às opiniões de Popper e de críticos ao seu pensamento. A contestação aludida ao pensamento popperiano advém do professor Thomas S. Kuhn, da Princeton University. Kuhn objeta à opinião de Popper quando este afirma que o cientista é um solucionador de problemas. Para Kuhn, os cientistas são solucionadores de enigmas e não de problemas. Essa posi

  17. EAARL Coastal Topography-Mississippi and Alabama Barrier Islands, Post-Hurricane Gustav, 2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonisteel-Cormier, J.M.; Nayegandhi, Amar; Wright, C.W.; Sallenger, A.H.; Brock, J.C.; Nagle, D.B.; Klipp, E.S.; Vivekanandan, Saisudha; Fredericks, Xan; Segura, Martha

    2010-01-01

    These remotely sensed, geographically referenced elevation measurements of lidar-derived bare-earth (BE) and first-surface (FS) topography datasets were produced collaboratively by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), St. Petersburg Coastal and Marine Science Center, St. Petersburg, FL; the National Park Service (NPS), Gulf Coast Network, Lafayette, LA; and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), Wallops Flight Facility, VA. This project provides highly detailed and accurate datasets of a portion of the Mississippi and Alabama barrier islands, acquired post-Hurricane Gustav (September 2008 hurricane) on September 8, 2008. The datasets are made available for use as a management tool to research scientists and natural-resource managers. An innovative airborne lidar instrument originally developed at the NASA Wallops Flight Facility, and known as the Experimental Advanced Airborne Research Lidar (EAARL), was used during data acquisition. The EAARL system is a raster-scanning, waveform-resolving, green-wavelength (532-nanometer) lidar designed to map near-shore bathymetry, topography, and vegetation structure simultaneously. The EAARL sensor suite includes the raster-scanning, water-penetrating full-waveform adaptive lidar, a down-looking red-green-blue (RGB) digital camera, a high-resolution multispectral color infrared (CIR) camera, two precision dual-frequency kinematic carrier-phase GPS receivers, and an integrated miniature digital inertial measurement unit, which provide for sub-meter georeferencing of each laser sample. The nominal EAARL platform is a twin-engine Cessna 310 aircraft, but the instrument may be deployed on a range of light aircraft. A single pilot, a lidar operator, and a data analyst constitute the crew for most survey operations. This sensor has the potential to make significant contributions in measuring sub-aerial and submarine coastal topography within cross-environmental surveys. Elevation measurements were collected over the

  18. EAARL Coastal Topography-Eastern Louisiana Barrier Islands, Post-Hurricane Gustav, 2008: First Surface

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonisteel-Cormier, J.M.; Nayegandhi, Amar; Wright, C.W.; Sallenger, A.H.; Brock, J.C.; Nagle, D.B.; Vivekanandan, Saisudha; Fredericks, Xan

    2010-01-01

    These remotely sensed, geographically referenced elevation measurements of lidar-derived first-surface (FS) topography datasets were produced collaboratively by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), St. Petersburg Coastal and Marine Science Center, St. Petersburg, FL, and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), Wallops Flight Facility, VA. This project provides highly detailed and accurate datasets of a portion of the eastern Louisiana barrier islands, acquired post-Hurricane Gustav (September 2008 hurricane) on September 6 and 7, 2008. The datasets are made available for use as a management tool to research scientists and natural-resource managers. An innovative airborne lidar instrument originally developed at the NASA Wallops Flight Facility, and known as the Experimental Advanced Airborne Research Lidar (EAARL), was used during data acquisition. The EAARL system is a raster-scanning, waveform-resolving, green-wavelength (532-nanometer) lidar designed to map near-shore bathymetry, topography, and vegetation structure simultaneously. The EAARL sensor suite includes the raster-scanning, water-penetrating full-waveform adaptive lidar, a down-looking red-green-blue (RGB) digital camera, a high-resolution multispectral color infrared (CIR) camera, two precision dual-frequency kinematic carrier-phase GPS receivers, and an integrated miniature digital inertial measurement unit, which provide for sub-meter georeferencing of each laser sample. The nominal EAARL platform is a twin-engine Cessna 310 aircraft, but the instrument may be deployed on a range of light aircraft. A single pilot, a lidar operator, and a data analyst constitute the crew for most survey operations. This sensor has the potential to make significant contributions in measuring sub-aerial and submarine coastal topography within cross-environmental surveys. Elevation measurements were collected over the survey area using the EAARL system, and the resulting data were then processed using

  19. Progress in Karl Fischer coulometry using diaphragm-free cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cedergren, A; Jonsson, S

    2001-11-15

    Different designs of a semiopen, drainable cathode compartment of a medium-sized coulometric Karl Fischer (KF) cell for the determination of water in the range 0.1-500 microg were evaluated. The main criterion for the design was to keep the resistance between the anolyte and catholyte low enough to permit the generation of currents larger than 20 mA (for an output voltage of 28 V). It was found that a good compromise between the size of this current and a minimal influence from diffusing/migrating oxidizable reduction products from the catholyte was achieved by means of an interface having a channel length and diameter of 8 and 2.1 mm, respectively (catholyte volume, approximately 1 mL). To show the general applicability of the concept, the following different types of coulometric reagents suitable for nonpolar and polar samples, as well as for samples containing active carbonyl compounds, were investigated: Hydranal Coulomat A, AD, AK, AG-H (modified with chloroform, Merck), and two homemade methanolic reagents modified with 40% (v/v) chloroform and 50% (v/v) formamide, respectively. Except for Hydranal Coulomat A, the mean value of five consecutive titrations of 50 microg water did not deviate by more than 0.2% from the expected value for all reagents. Draining after every titration was sufficient to obtain accurate results, even for Coulomat A which, when used in the commercial diaphragm-free system of Metrohm, gave values which were about 10% too high. As compared to earlier reported results for diaphragm-free coulometry, the descibed modified cell represents a significant improvement, mainly because of the high accuracy achieved for all types of reagents.

  20. Gustave Chpet, la religion et le problème du signe (glorification du nom vs phénoménologie et sémiologie)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ioffe, D.

    2008-01-01

    The article discusses the alternative order of 'language criticism' as developed by the main representatives of Russian 'religious' hesychast philosophy on the one hand and phenomenological 'Neo-Humboldtianism' of Gustav Shpet on the other. The article briefly draws on the works written in the early

  1. Gustave Chpet, la religion et le problème du signe (glorification du nom vs phénoménologie et sémiologie)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ioffe, D.

    2008-01-01

    The article discusses the alternative order of 'language criticism' as developed by the main representatives of Russian 'religious' hesychast philosophy on the one hand and phenomenological 'Neo-Humboldtianism' of Gustav Shpet on the other. The article briefly draws on the works written in the early

  2. The mistery of Gustave Flaubert's death: could sudden unexpected death in epilepsy be part of the context? O mistério da morte de Gustave Flaubert: pode a morte súbita em epilepsia fazer parte o contexto?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marly de Albuquerque

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Epilepsy is the most common serious neurological condition and sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP is the most important direct epilepsy-related cause of death. Information concerning risk factors for SUDEP is conflicting, but high seizure frequency is a potential risk factor. Additionally, potential pathomechanisms for SUDEP are unknown, but it is very probable that cardiac arrhythmias during and between seizures or transmission of epileptic activity to the heart via the autonomic nervous system potentially play a role. More than two decades ago, temporal lobe epilepsy was suggested as having been the ''nervous disease'' of Gustave Flaubert, one of the most important French novelists. In these lines, as the circumstances of his death were the subject of fabulous and mysterious speculations, we postulated in this paper that Falubert' death could be due SUDEP phenomenon.A epilepsia é a condição neurológica crônica grave mais comum e a morte súbita em epilepsia (SUDEP é a mais importante causa de morte diretamente relacionada à epilepsia. Informações sobre fatores de risco para SUDEP são conflitantes, porém, a alta freqüência de crises epilépticas é um fator de risco em potencial. Além disso, os mecanismos causais para SUDEP ainda não estão conhecidos, mas é muito provável que arritmias cardíacas durante e entre as crises epilépticas ou a transmissão da atividade epiléptica para o coração via sistema nervoso autônomo desempenhem um importante papel. Mais de duas décadas atrás, foi proposto que a "doença nervosa" de Gustave Flaubert, um dos mais importantes novelistas franceses, era epilepsia do lobo temporal. Nesse sentido, como a morte de Gustave Flaubert ainda seja motivo de misteriosa especulação, nosso artigo propõe que a mesma poderia estar relacionada ao fenômeno de SUDEP.

  3. Coulometric determination of trace water in active carbonyl compounds using modified Karl Fischer reagents

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nordin-Andersson, I.; Cedergren, A.

    1987-03-01

    Improved conditions for the coulometric determination of trace water in samples containing potentially interfering substances like aldehydes and ketones were obtained by using a formamide-based, rapidly reacting Karl Fischer reagent in which methanol was replaced by 2-methoxyethanol. The shape of the potentiometric titration curves obtained by titrating spent Karl Fischer reagents with iodine indicates a less degree of triiodide formation in the presence of formamide. The corresponding increase in iodine results in a more rapid overall reaction rate since the reaction involving iodine is much more rapid than that with triiodide. For water amounts corresponding to less than 0.1% the stoichiometry of the Karl Fischer reaction was found to be 1:1, relatively independent of the concentration of 2-methoxyethanol. For larger amounts of water this stoichiometric ratio was attained by using a reagent containing 2-methoxyethanol/formamide 80/20 (v/v), 0.6 M imidazole, and 0.4 M sulfur dioxide.

  4. The Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array Sky Survey (VLASS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Myers, Steven T.; Baum, S. A.; Chandler, C. J.

    2014-01-01

    The Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array is a recently completed rejuvenation of the VLA, providing observers with significantly increased continuum sensitivity and spectral survey speeds (by factors of 100 or more in select cases) from 1-50 GHz and in key bands below 1 GHz. Given the potential for new centimeter-wavelength sky surveys with this enhanced facility, the NRAO VLA Sky Survey (VLASS) has been initiated to explore the science and technical opportunities of a new large survey. A community-led Science Survey Group (SSG) will define the science program and key components of VLASS, and NRAO will support its technical design and implementation. The VLASS could start observing in early 2015, with the data available immediately with no proprietary period and science data products provided to the community in a timely manner. The new VLA can image young stars and massive black holes, measure the strength and topology of the cosmic magnetic field, follow the rapid evolution of energetic phenomena, and study the formation and evolution of stars, galaxies, AGN, and the Universe itself. We can follow the evolution of gas and galaxies and particles and fields to bridge the eras from cosmic dawn to the dawn of new worlds. To address these and other key science challenges requires the VLASS to address a number of key challenges in data management, computation, image processing, and analysis. The development and implementation of capable, efficient, and robust pipeline processing of data, and the production of a basic suite of science data products such as images and catalogs, are all high priorities for VLASS. We will describe the salient capabilities of the Jansky VLA, and highlight complementarity with multi-wavelength multi-messenger sky surveys with other facilities, ultimately leading into the era of the LSST. Exemplary VLA science and commissioning observations will illustrate these features. We will also summarize the outcome of the public NRAO VLASS Science Planning

  5. Rheumatoid arthritis, Proteus, anti-CCP antibodies and Karl Popper.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ebringer, Alan; Rashid, Taha; Wilson, Clyde

    2010-02-01

    Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a crippling joint disease affecting over 20 million people worldwide. The cause of RA is most probably linked to the triad of microbial trigger, genetic association and autoimmunity and can be explained using the philosophical method of Karl Popper or Popperian sequences. Ten "Popper sequences" have been identified which point to the urinary microbe Proteus mirabilis as the cause of RA: Popper sequence 1 establishes that HLA-DR4 lymphocytes injected into a rabbit evoke specific antibodies against Proteus bacteria. Popper sequence 2 establishes that antibodies to Proteus bacteria are present in RA patients from 14 different countries. Popper sequence 3 establishes that antibodies to Proteus bacteria in RA patients are disease specific since no such antibodies are found in other conditions. Popper sequence 4 establishes that when RA patients have high titres of antibodies to Proteus such bacteria are found in urinary cultures. Popper sequence 5 establishes that only Proteus bacteria and no other microbes evoke significantly elevated antibodies in RA patients. Popper sequence 6 establishes that the "shared epitope" EQR(K)RAA shows "molecular mimicry" with the sequence ESRRAL found in Proteus haemolysin. Popper sequence 7 establishes that Proteus urease contains a sequence IRRET which has "molecular mimicry" with LRREI found in collagen XI of hyaline cartilage. Popper sequence 8 establishes that sera obtained from RA patients have cytopathic properties against sheep red cells coated with the cross-reacting EQR(K)RAA and LRREI self-antigen peptides. Popper sequence 9 establishes that Proteus sequences in haemolysin and urease as well as the self antigens, HLA-DR1/4 and collagen XI, each contain an arginine doublet, thereby providing a substrate for peptidyl arginine deiminase (PAD) to give rise to citrulline, which is the main antigenic component of CCP, antibodies to which are found in early cases of RA. Popper sequence 10 establishes that

  6. [The Hygienist Karl Roelcke, M.D. (1907-1982). Annotations to the family biography].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mildenberger, Florian G

    2016-01-01

    Volker Roelcke, the well-known historian of medicine, wrote a biographical sketch on his father's role in National Socialism. Karl Roelcke (1907-1982) was an important hygienist at the University of Heidelberg and assistant to Ernst Rodenwaldt (1878-1965). Attempts to discuss the Nazi issue with his father directly ended unsuccessfully in the 1970s. In his essay of 2014, Volker Roelcke portrayed his father as quite sophisticated, but did not mention all aspects of his work. The present essay therefore offers new insights into the person of Karl Roelcke which are not constrained by family interests.

  7. Brachytherapy at the Institut Gustave-Roussy: Personalized vaginal mould applicator: technical modification and improvement; Curietherapie a l'Institut Gustave-Roussy: applicateur moule vaginal personnalise: modification et amelioration techniques

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Albano, M.; Dumas, I.; Haie-Meder, C. [Institut Gustave-Roussy, Service de curietherapie, 94 - Villejuif (France)

    2008-12-15

    Brachytherapy plays an important role in the treatment of patients with gynaecological cancers. At the Institut Gustave-Roussy, the technique of vaginal mould applicator has been used for decades. This technique allows a personalized tailored irradiation, integrating tumour shape, size and extension and vaginal anatomy. Vaginal expansion reduces the dose to the vaginal mucosa and to the organs at risk. We report a modification of the material used for vaginal mould manufacture. The advantages of the new material are a lighter weight, and transparency allowing a better accuracy in the placement of catheters for radioactive sources. This material is applicable for low dose-rate, pulse dose-rate and high dose-rate brachytherapy. Since 2001, more than 700 vaginal moulds have been manufactured with this new approach without any intolerance. (authors)

  8. Certification of the reference material of water content in water saturated 1-octanol by Karl Fischer coulometry, Karl Fischer volumetry and quantitative nuclear magnetic resonance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Haifeng; Ma, Kang; Zhang, Wei; Li, Jia; Sun, Guohua; Li, Hongmei

    2012-10-15

    Certified reference materials (CRMs) of water content are widely used in the calibration and validation of Karl Fischer coulometry and volumetry. In this study, the water content of the water saturated 1-octanol (WSO) CRM was certified by Karl Fischer coulometry, volumetry and quantitative nuclear magnetic resonance (Q NMR). The water content recovery by coulometry was 99.76% with a diaphragm-less electrode and Coulomat AG anolyte. The relative bias between the coulometry and volumetry results was 0.06%. In Q NMR, the water content of WSO is traceable to the International System (SI) of units through the purity of internal standard. The relative bias of water content in WSO between Q NMR and volumetry was 0.50%. The consistency of results for these three independent methods improves the accuracy of the certification of the RM. The certified water content of the WSO CRM was 4.76% with an expanded uncertainty of 0.09%.

  9. Fossils and Theories of Evolution in Gustave Flaubert’s Bouvard et Pécuchet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anthony Zielonka

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Cette étude se propose d’analyser de près le chapitre III de ce chef d’œuvre comique et satirique qu’est le dernier roman de Flaubert, Bouvard et Pécuchet (1881. Après avoir exploré la médecine, la cosmologie, l’astronomie et la zoologie, les « deux bonshommes » de Flaubert se tournent vers la géologie, la paléontologie, et même les théories rivales de l’évolution. Ce chapitre est d’un intérêt considérable comme tour de force comique, surtout quand on le replace dans le contexte des découvertes, théories, controverses et querelles scientifiques (incluant les conflits entre les positions antagonistes de la religion et de la science qui faisaient rage à l’époque de Flaubert. Alors que le romancier avait réalisé des recherches exhaustives sur l’histoire des sciences, il est particulièrement intéressant de relever que ce sont les théories et les découvertes les plus récentes qui sont présentées sur le mode comique et sceptique. Après avoir passé en revue les idées de Buffon, Cuvier, Lamarck et Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, ainsi que celle des savants fidèles à l’inspiration biblique, Bouvard et Pécuchet ne manquent pas de conclure à l’incompatibilité, et finalement à l’inanité, de toutes ces théories. Ils tirent leurs informations d’ouvrages savants mais aussi populaires, puisant dans les journaux et les magazines. Flaubert montre, de manière tout à fait significative, comment les simplifications et les erreurs des textes de vulgarisation ne servent qu’à renforcer le trouble et le doute des deux personnages et les amènent finalement à abandonner leurs recherches scientifiques.This paper proposes a close textual analysis of Chapter III of the masterpiece of comic and satirical fiction that is Gustave Flaubert’s last novel, Bouvard et Pécuchet (1881. After exploring the sciences of medicine, cosmology, astronomy, and zoology, Flaubert’s “deux bonshommes” turn their attention

  10. Karl Julius Lohnert - an unknown astronomer, experimental psychologist and teacher (German Title: Karl Julius Lohnert - ein unbekannter Astronom, experimenteller Psychologe und Lehrer)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmadel, Lutz D.; Guski-Leinwand, Susanne

    2011-08-01

    Karl Julius Lohnert (1885-1944) with his double biography as astronomer and psychologist is hardly known in both fields. As a student of astronomy in Heidelberg, Lohnert discovered a couple of minor planets and he dedicated one to his PhD supervisor, the famous Leipzig professor for philosophy, Wilhelm Wundt. This connection is discussed for the first time almost one century after the naming of (635) Vundtia. The paper elucidates some biographical stations of Lohnert.

  11. El error fundamental en psicología: reflexiones en torno a las contribuciones de Gustav Ichheiser

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos José Parales-Quenza

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available El error fundamental de atribución, posteriormente conocido como disposicionismo ingenuo o sesgo de correspondencia, se refiere a la propensión a sobreestimar factores personales y subestimar aspectos situacionales en la explicación del comportamiento. El artículo reivindica las contribuciones del psicólogo Gustav Ichheiser para argumentar cómo esa tendencia se apoya en sistemas ideológicos y, particularmente, en el individualismo como la representación colectiva más importante del mundo occidental. Se reconoce que esta forma de construir el sentido de la acción es parte del sentido común, pero se critica la tendencia por parte de la psicología y de los psicólogos a reproducirla en sus formulaciones.

  12. The mystery of Gustave Flaubert's death: could sudden unexpected death in epilepsy be part of the context?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Albuquerque, Marly de; Scorza, Carla A; Arida, Ricardo M; Cavalheiro, Esper A; Scorza, Fulvio A

    2009-06-01

    Epilepsy is the most common serious neurological condition and sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP) is the most important direct epilepsy-related cause of death. Information concerning risk factors for SUDEP is conflicting, but high seizure frequency is a potential risk factor. Additionally, potential pathomechanisms for SUDEP are unknown, but it is very probable that cardiac arrhythmias during and between seizures or transmission of epileptic activity to the heart via the autonomic nervous system potentially play a role. More than two decades ago, temporal lobe epilepsy was suggested as having been the ''nervous disease'' of Gustave Flaubert, one of the most important French novelists. In these lines, as the circumstances of his death were the subject of fabulous and mysterious speculations, we postulated in this paper that Flaubert's death could be due SUDEP phenomenon.

  13. [Gustav Klimt and the field of medicine. Painting of the medical faculty--relationship with the Zuckerkandl family].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schultheiss, D

    2007-09-01

    The art nouveau painter Gustav Klimt (1862-1918), a cofounder of the Vienna Secession movement, was commissioned in 1894 to prepare three ceiling paintings for the Great Hall of the University of Vienna portraying the faculties of "Philosophy," "Medicine," and "Jurisprudence." After the first public presentations of these paintings starting in 1900 fierce protests erupted since the artist had not painted a historical allegory but rather had created a modern symbolic picture in the Secessionism style. The controversy over the so-called faculty paintings escalated to the point that in 1905 Klimt irrevocably distanced himself from the commission and bought back his pictures from the state. The paintings were later purchased by the Austrian Gallery and in 1943 placed in storage in Lower Austria at the Immendorf Castle where they were destroyed by a fire in May 1945 when the German troops withdrew. Besides Klimt's preliminary sketches, only black and white photographs of the three paintings now exist as well as a color reproduction of the section depicting Hygieia from the "Medicine" painting. Due to the public rejection of the faculty paintings, Gustav Klimt broke away from official government-commissioned art and focused on private clients from among Viennese society. One of these intensive associations was with the anatomist Emil Zuckerkandl and his wife Berta, who was very active in cultural affairs. During the dispute over the faculty paintings, Zuckerkandl was one of the few university professors who signed a petition in favor of retaining the paintings. His brother, the industrialist Victor Zuckerkandl, was one of the major collectors and patrons of Secessionist art. The third brother, the well-known urologist Otto Zuckerkandl (1861-1921), president of the Second and Third Congresses of the German Society of Urology in 1909 and 1911, was also in close contact with Klimt. A portrait of his wife Amalie was a work in progress between 1913 and 1917, but it remained

  14. The Potassium-Argon Laser Experiment (KarLE): In Situ Geochronology for Mars and Beyond

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen, Barbara A.

    2014-01-01

    The search for life in the solar system depends upon discovering the right moments in planetary evolution: when habitable environments existed, when they declined, and when geologic processes operated to preserve traces of life after death. However, an incomplete knowledge of absolute Martian geochronology limits our ability to understand the timing of Martian evolutionary milestones, major climate changes, and stratigraphic epochs [1, 2]. Absolute dating relates these habitability markers to planetarywide geologic, atmospheric, and climate history places, and ties their occurrence to the history of the solar system, especially the Earth-Moon system and the timescale of evolution of life on Earth. KArLE is being developed to anchor the relative timeline of geological events to an absolute chronology that puts Mars into a wider solar system context. KArLE makes its measurements on rock samples that can be obtained by landers or rovers and inserted into a small, mechanically simple chamber. KArLE interrogates the samples using laser-induced breakdown spectrocopy (LIBS), mass spectrometry, and optical imaging. The KArLE experiment is flexible enough to accommodate any partner providing these instrument components, a creative approach that extends the ability of mission payloads to accomplish an additional highly-desirable science measurement for low cost and risk and minimal extra hardware.

  15. Tänapäeva tantsuteatri mitu palet / Heili Einasto, Karl Toepfer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Einasto, Heili

    2015-01-01

    Vestlus San Jose ülikooli professori Karl Toepferiga nüüdisaegsest Eesti tantsuteatrist - I. Tuksami "Vassilissa", E. Tubina ja M Kesleri "Kratt", T. Olleski jt. "HTK", G. Reynoldsi ja S. Stubbsi "Gatsby", N. Rota ja G. Madia "La Dolce Vita", A. Toikka "Faust"

  16. Recalling Karl Jaspers' Classic: The Idea of the University. IHE Perspectives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fincher, Cameron

    This essay revisits Karl Jaspers' classic, "The Idea of the University." Jaspers was reinstated as president of Heidelberg University in 1945, and he presided over its rebuilding. His book, "The Idea of the University," written in 1946, was published in English 13 years later. It interprets an ideal of the university and emphasizes the purposes…

  17. Vendade Karl ja Artur Säre elukäigu salaniidistik / Valdur Ohmann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ohmann, Valdur

    2003-01-01

    EKP I sekretäri Karl Säre ja tema vanema venna Artur Säre (Männi) elu ja tegevuse ülevaade. Artur Säre oli NSVL poliitilise esinduse teenistuses Hiina RV, NSVL Välisasjade Rahvakomissariaadi ja ENSV Ministrite Nõukogu juures

  18. Problematizing the "Taken for Granted" in Educational Issues: Karl Marx, Antonio Gramsci, and Michel Foucault.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qi, Jie

    This paper explores how educators would raise different questions about educational issues by using Karl Marx's framework, Antonio Gramsci's conception, and Michel Foucault's notions, respectively. First, the paper compares the historical perspectives of Marx and Foucault. Marx concludes that history is a progressive linear production and that…

  19. USA presidendi üks peamisi nõunikke Karl Rove lahkub ametist / Kaivo Kopli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kopli, Kaivo

    2007-01-01

    1993. aastast praeguse USA presidendi George B. Bushiga koos töötanud Karl Rove lahkub ametist perekonna huvides. K. Rove on uurimise all olnud seoses CIA agendi Valerie Plame'i paljastamisega, Senati komitee kuulas teda üle kaheksa föderaalprokuröri vallandamise uurimise raames

  20. El huracán Karl: concepciones sobre su origen en una comunidad de Veracruz

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Arturo Marinero Heredia; María José García Oramas

    2015-01-01

    ... por el huracán Karl en 2010, en el municipio de La Antigua, Veracruz. Los datos se obtuvieron de entrevistas a informantes claves y grupos focales, además de la revisión de notas periodísticas...

  1. Karl Ristikivi rändav Arkaadia / Janika Kronberg, Brita Melts

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kronberg, Janika, 1963-

    2012-01-01

    Artikkel jälgib Arkaadia-motiivi arengut Karl Ristikivi loomingus, toetudes nii autori poolt läbikäidud maastikele kui ka kunstikriitiku ja teoreetiku Simon Schama töödele. Käsitletakse ka Arkaadia motiivi Euroopa kultuuriloos

  2. Lidar - nesbõvshajasja estonskaja "nokia" / Karl Rebane ; interv. Julia Rodina

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rebane, Karl, 1926-2007

    2006-01-01

    Eesti NSV teadlaste poolt välja töötatud laserseade lidar, seadme ehitamisest, töötamise põhimõttest ja kasutusvaldkonnast. Akadeemik Karl Rebase sõnul ei oleks sellise ulatusega Läänemere saastamist juhtunud, kui Eestil oleks normaalne ökoloogilise kontrolli süsteem. Poliitikute suhtumisest kodumaise teaduse arengusse

  3. The Psychology of Thinking, Animal Psychology, and the Young Karl Popper

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    ter Hark, M.R.M.

    2004-01-01

    In the 1920s, Karl Popper wrote two large manuscripts on psychology that he never published. in his autobiography, Unended Quest, he attempts to reduce the importance of his work in psychology as much as possible, and in his philosophical work he is an antipsychologist. However, in this article, it

  4. The Rejectability of Karl Popper: Why Popper's Ideas Have Had So Little Influence on Social Practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burgess, Tyrrell; Swann, Joanna

    2003-01-01

    Addresses the question of why Karl Popper's work has been disregarded or rejected for educational improvement and suggests a series of impediments to an acceptance of Popper's ideas. Outlines a set of principle which if adopted as a basis for practice could lead to significant improvement. (EV)

  5. Ideal i realnost : Karl von Gershelman - poet-hudozhnik / Mai Levin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Levin, Mai, 1942-

    2005-01-01

    Eesti päritolu kunstniku Elisabeth Rosendorff-Hoerschelmanni (1898-1984) ja Eestiga seotud kunstniku ja kirjaniku Karl von Hoerschelmanni (1899-1951) elust ja loomingust. 2004. a. augustis-oktoobris oli kunstnike tööde näitus Adamson-Ericu muuseumis

  6. Ideal i realnost : Karl von Gershelman - poet-hudozhnik / Mai Levin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Levin, Mai, 1942-

    2005-01-01

    Eesti päritolu kunstniku Elisabeth Rosendorff-Hoerschelmanni (1898-1984) ja Eestiga seotud kunstniku ja kirjaniku Karl von Hoerschelmanni (1899-1951) elust ja loomingust. 2004. a. augustis-oktoobris oli kunstnike tööde näitus Adamson-Ericu muuseumis

  7. Karl Marx in One Lesson (1818-1883). Series on Public Issues No. 6.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pejovich, Steve

    This booklet, one of a series intended to apply economic principles to major social and political issues of the day, starts from the premise that Marxism is a threat to our way of life and offers a critique of fundamental components of the social movement Marx created. The first of six subsections focuses on sources of influence on Karl Marx…

  8. Urea as the basic component in pyridine-free Karl Fischer reagent

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bos, M.

    1984-01-01

    A solution of urea, sulphur dioxide and sodium salicylate in methanol is proposed as the solvent in the Karl Fischer titration, with a separate iodine solution as titrant. Comparison of the performance of this solvent with that of some commercial reagents shows that it is has distinct advantages for

  9. Lidar - nesbõvshajasja estonskaja "nokia" / Karl Rebane ; interv. Julia Rodina

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rebane, Karl, 1926-2007

    2006-01-01

    Eesti NSV teadlaste poolt välja töötatud laserseade lidar, seadme ehitamisest, töötamise põhimõttest ja kasutusvaldkonnast. Akadeemik Karl Rebase sõnul ei oleks sellise ulatusega Läänemere saastamist juhtunud, kui Eestil oleks normaalne ökoloogilise kontrolli süsteem. Poliitikute suhtumisest kodumaise teaduse arengusse

  10. Reaction rates between water and some modified rapidly-reacting Karl Fischer reagents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cedergren, A

    1978-04-01

    Rate constants were determined for the reaction between water and various modified Karl Fischer reagents containing formamide, dimethylformamide or N-methylformamide. It was shown that the reaction rate can be increased by a factor of 100 by using a reagent containing 40% v/v formamide in pyridine compared to that obtained by use of the conventional methanolic reagent.

  11. 17. oktoober 1905 - 1. märts 1917 / Karl Ast Rumor

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ast Rumor, Karl

    2007-01-01

    Üheteistkümneaastasest perioodist Karl Asti tagasivaatava isikliku pilgu läbi. Autor vabanes Riia vanglast oktoobrimanifesti põhjal. Ees ootasid uued vangistused. K. Asti isiklik mälestus Aleksandr Kerenskist. Varem ilmunud : "Pealinna Teataja" 9. märts 1917, nr. 3

  12. Developement of the Potassium-Argon Laser Experiment (KArLE) for In Situ Geochronology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen, Barbara A.

    2012-01-01

    Absolute dating of planetary samples is an essential tool to establish the chronology of geological events, including crystallization history, magmatic evolution, and alteration. Thus far, radiometric geochronology of planetary samples has only been accomplishable in terrestrial laboratories on samples from dedicated sample return missions and meteorites. In situ instruments to measure rock ages have been proposed, but none have yet reached TRL 6, because isotopic measurements with sufficient resolution are challenging. We have begun work under the NASA Planetary Instrument Definition and Development Program (PIDDP) to develop the Potassium (K) - Argon Laser Experiment (KArLE), a novel combination of several flight-proven components that will enable accurate KAr isochron dating of planetary rocks. KArLE will ablate a rock sample, measure the K in the plasma state using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS), measure the liberated Ar using quadrupole mass spectrometry (QMS), and relate the two by measuring the volume of the abated pit using a optical methods such as a vertical scanning interferometer (VSI). Our preliminary work indicates that the KArLE instrument will be capable of determining the age of several kinds of planetary samples to 100 Myr, sufficient to address a wide range of geochronology problems in planetary science. Additional benefits derive from the fact that each KArLE component achieves analyses common to most planetary surface missions.

  13. Tänapäeva tantsuteatri mitu palet / Heili Einasto, Karl Toepfer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Einasto, Heili

    2015-01-01

    Vestlus San Jose ülikooli professori Karl Toepferiga nüüdisaegsest Eesti tantsuteatrist - I. Tuksami "Vassilissa", E. Tubina ja M Kesleri "Kratt", T. Olleski jt. "HTK", G. Reynoldsi ja S. Stubbsi "Gatsby", N. Rota ja G. Madia "La Dolce Vita", A. Toikka "Faust"

  14. 17. oktoober 1905 - 1. märts 1917 / Karl Ast Rumor

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ast Rumor, Karl

    2007-01-01

    Üheteistkümneaastasest perioodist Karl Asti tagasivaatava isikliku pilgu läbi. Autor vabanes Riia vanglast oktoobrimanifesti põhjal. Ees ootasid uued vangistused. K. Asti isiklik mälestus Aleksandr Kerenskist. Varem ilmunud : "Pealinna Teataja" 9. märts 1917, nr. 3

  15. Mineviku kummitused : Stasi arhiivist leiti Karl-Heinz Kurrase aktid / Aino Siebert

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Siebert, Aino

    2009-01-01

    On ilmsiks tulnud dokumendid, mis tõestavad, et Saksa DV Riikliku Julgeolekuministeeriumi agent Karl-Heinz Kurras tappis Lääne-Berliinis Iraani monarhi visiidi ajal 1967. aasta 2. juunil toimunud meeleavalduste käigus üliõpilase Benno Ohnesorgi

  16. His Majesty Carl XVI Gustav, King of Sweden, Honorary President of the World Scout Foundation, and about 80 fellows, on the occasion of the 48th World Baden-Powell Fellowship Event on Saturday, 18th September 2004

    CERN Multimedia

    Patrice Loiez

    2004-01-01

    His Majesty Carl XVI Gustav, King of Sweden, Honorary President of the World Scout Foundation, and about 80 fellows, on the occasion of the 48th World Baden-Powell Fellowship Event on Saturday, 18th September 2004

  17. Klaus Blaum, of GSI Darmstadt and project leader of the ISOLTRAP experiment at CERN, will receive the 2004 Gustav-Hertz-Prize for his outstanding work on the mass determination of unstable atomic nuclei

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    Klaus Blaum, of GSI Darmstadt and project leader of the ISOLTRAP experiment at CERN, will receive the 2004 Gustav-Hertz-Prize for his outstanding work on the mass determination of unstable atomic nuclei

  18. [Carl Gustav Carus, the first director of the newly established maternity institute of the Dresden Royal Surgical-Medical Academy 1814-1827].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarembe, B

    1989-01-01

    Carl Gustav Carus was born in 1789 in Leipzig. He studied at the University of Leipzig. His specialization in Gynecology and Obstetrics took place at the Triersches Maternity Hospital. In 1814 he was named Professor for Obstetrics in Dresden at the Royal-Surgical-Medical-Academy. He was the head of the Maternity Hospital till 1827. Under his direction many midwives, students and physicians were educated. He published numerous articles and books on medical and philosophical-psychological topics. He was a talented artist of the Romantic especially in painting landscapes. He was a friend of Caspar David Friedrich and Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. After 1827 he was the physician in ordinary to 3 saxonian kings. He died in 1869. The Medical Academy in Dresden bears his name "Carl Gustav Carus" since its foundation.

  19. Imaginário religioso: o simbolismo do herói à luz de Joseph Campbell e Carl Gustav Jung. 2011.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Solange Missagia Matos

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available DISSERTAÇÃO DE MESTRADOMATTOS, Solange Missagia. Imaginário religioso: o simbolismo do herói à luz de Joseph Campbell e Carl Gustav Jung. 2011. 115 folhas. Dissertação (Mestrado – Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Minas Gerais, Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciências da Religião, Belo Horizonte.

  20. Karl Marx, un periodista en la Era del Capital. Apuntes para una investigación

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Espinoza Pino, Mario

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this article is to criticize the traditional representation of Karl Marx’s journalistic works, usually forgotten by a misleading canon that assumes his articles only as a minor work. One of the problems of this traditional conception is that it dissociates his theoretical and economic contributions from the historical development of the author’s thought (and also from its material roots. We will try to point the importance of Karl Marx’s mature journalism in two areas: in the construction of the central concepts of his critic against the capitalist mode of production (surplus value, a multilineal historical perspective, a global description of the world market, etc. and in the production of political cartographies to intervene in the class conflict. This article poses several hypothesis and tentative affirmations about Karl Marx’s journalism that may serve as a point of departure for a critical research.El objetivo de este artículo es criticar la representación tradicional del trabajo periodístico de Karl Marx, habitualmente olvidado por un canon engañoso que sólo asume sus artículos al precio de convertirlos en una obra menor. Uno de los problemas de esta concepción tradicional es que disocia sus contribuciones teóricas y económicas del desarrollo histórico del pensamiento del autor (y también de sus raíces materiales. Intentaremos señalar la importancia del periodismo maduro de Karl Marx en dos áreas: en la construcción de los conceptos centrales de su crítica contra el capitalismo (plusvalor, un enfoque histórico multilineal, una descripción global del mercado mundial, etc. y en la producción de cartografías políticas para intervenir en el conflicto de clases. Este artículo plantea varias hipótesis y afirmaciones tentativas sobre el periodismo de Karl Marx que pueden servir como punto de partida de una investigación crítica.

  1. Roosna-Alliku mõisa häärber / Karl Kolopka, Nele Rohtla, Johann Schultz

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kolopka, Karl

    2004-01-01

    12 ill.; peahoone ehitati Johann Schultzi kavandite järgi, siseinterjööri ilmestava Louis XVI stiilis stukitöö tegi Karl Kolopka, häärber restaureeriti Nele Rohtla (OÜ Mõisaprojekt) suunamisel

  2. Der Briefwechsel zwischen Alexander von Humboldt und Karl Ernst von Baer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Schmuck

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Zusammenfassung Der kurze, nicht vollständig erhaltene Briefwechsel zwischen Alexander von Humboldt und Karl Ernst von Baer behandelt sehr verschiedene Themen: Politik, Kriegsgefahr, den Wissenschaftsbetrieb, Auszeichnungen und Tagungen, Embryologie und Cholera. Gemeinsam mit Briefen und Reden ergibt sich dabei ein differenziertes Bild der Beurteilung der beiden Wissenschaftler durch den jeweils anderen. Während Baer sich als Bewunderer Humboldts erweist, erscheint umgekehrt Humboldts Einschätzung Baers als ambivalent. Abstract The short, not completely preserved correspondence between Alexander von Humboldt and Karl Ernst von Baer deals with a wide range of subjects: politics and the danger of war, academic activities, scientific awards and conferences, aspects of embryology and the cholera. Letters to third persons and speeches, together with the correspondence between Humboldt and Baer show a differentiated pattern of mutual appraisal: While Baer always remained an admirer of the elder naturalist, Humboldt’s estimation was characterized by ambivalence.

  3. The Potassium-Argon Laser Experiment (KArLE): In Situ Geochronology for Planetary Robotic Missions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen, Barbara

    2016-01-01

    The Potassium (K) - Argon (Ar) Laser Experiment (KArLE) will make in situ noble-gas geochronology measurements aboard planetary robotic landers and roverss. Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) is used to measure the K abun-dance in a sample and to release its noble gases; the evolved Ar is measured by mass spectrometry (MS); and rela-tive K content is related to absolute Ar abundance by sample mass, determined by optical measurement of the ablated volume. KArLE measures a whole-rock K-Ar age to 10% or better for rocks 2 Ga or older, sufficient to resolve the absolute age of many planetary samples. The LIBS-MS approach is attractive because the analytical components have been flight proven, do not require further technical development, and provide complementary measurements as well as in situ geochronology.

  4. Karl Menningu (ja iseenese) päästmiseks / Ants Hein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hein, Ants, 1952-

    2008-01-01

    Vastuseks Karin Hallas-Murula arvustusele "Maja, mis on sümbol" (Sirp, 2007, 5. X, lk. 13) ja Mait Väljase arvustusele "Iseolemise algus arhitektuuris" (Maja, 2008, nr. 1, lk. 86-87) oma 2007. a. ilmunud raamatust "Maja kui sümbol : Eesti Üliõpilaste Seltsi hoone Tartus" kohta. Georg Hellati ja Karl Menningu osalusest EÜS-i hoone sünniloos. Frank Lloyd Wrightist kui võimalikust eeskujuandjast

  5. Modification of Karl Fischer Method for Determination of Water in light Petroleum Products Including Aviation Fuels

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. C. Misra

    1971-04-01

    Full Text Available Classical Karl Fischer method has been modified so as to make it suitable for determining free and dissolved water present in aviation fuels in excess of 10 ppm which is considered as limiting concentration value for safe fueling of aircrafts particularly in the arduous climatic conditions as encountered in military operations. The modified method employed a special ethylene glyccl solvent mixture and another water saturated fuel sample as blank.

  6. Karl Menningu (ja iseenese) päästmiseks / Ants Hein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hein, Ants, 1952-

    2008-01-01

    Vastuseks Karin Hallas-Murula arvustusele "Maja, mis on sümbol" (Sirp, 2007, 5. X, lk. 13) ja Mait Väljase arvustusele "Iseolemise algus arhitektuuris" (Maja, 2008, nr. 1, lk. 86-87) oma 2007. a. ilmunud raamatust "Maja kui sümbol : Eesti Üliõpilaste Seltsi hoone Tartus" kohta. Georg Hellati ja Karl Menningu osalusest EÜS-i hoone sünniloos. Frank Lloyd Wrightist kui võimalikust eeskujuandjast

  7. Karl Popper: a propósito de La sociedad abierta y sus enemigos

    OpenAIRE

    Tobón Sanín , Gilberto

    2016-01-01

    Este texto pretende llevar a cabo una crítica al racionalismo extremo de Karl Popper, a veces rayano en el subjetivismo, pues racionalismo e irracionalismo en las sociedades son momentos de una totalidad más amplia de la realidad histórica, como quiera que la sociedad se mueve es por los conflictos y las contradicciones, y no por los consensos efímeros de las partes en conflicto. 

  8. Tim, Jan Lucas ja Karl Robert - vennad üheks kuuks / Maris Laurits

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laurits, Maris

    2009-01-01

    Rakvere Teatri suvelavastuse "Vennad Lõvisüdamed" kaks Karli osatäitjat Jan Lucas Videvik ja Tim Leesnurm ning Joonatani osatäitja Karl Robert Saaremäe tegid Loksal Kaldmaa talus ratsasõiduproove. Üllar Saaremäe lavastuse "Vennad Lõvisüdamed" (Astrid Lindgreni samanimelise jutustuse järgi) esietendus on 11. juunil Rakvere teatri taga aias

  9. Karl E. Weickの組織化概念の基礎的検討

    OpenAIRE

    星井, 進介; Hoshii, Shinsuke

    2011-01-01

    In The Social Psychology of Organizing, 2nd edition, Karl E. Weiek described an organizing theory based on flows, changes, connections, interdependence, and social interaction. This paper examined the definition and process of organizing proposed by Weick. The process of organizing and how organization emerges in Weick's book are discussed. Organizing was defined by Weick as a consensually validated grammar for reducing equivoeality by means of sensible interlocked behaviors. Weick showed tha...

  10. Tim, Jan Lucas ja Karl Robert - vennad üheks kuuks / Maris Laurits

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laurits, Maris

    2009-01-01

    Rakvere Teatri suvelavastuse "Vennad Lõvisüdamed" kaks Karli osatäitjat Jan Lucas Videvik ja Tim Leesnurm ning Joonatani osatäitja Karl Robert Saaremäe tegid Loksal Kaldmaa talus ratsasõiduproove. Üllar Saaremäe lavastuse "Vennad Lõvisüdamed" (Astrid Lindgreni samanimelise jutustuse järgi) esietendus on 11. juunil Rakvere teatri taga aias

  11. Some epistemology ́s elements of Social Science by Karl PopperAlguns elementos da Epistemolgia da Ciências Sociais de Karl Popper

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julio Cesar Rodrigues Pereira

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the main elements of the epistemology of human sciences of Karl Popper. It was organized as follows. First, we positioned ourselves in the Popper-Adorno controversy. Then weestablished the parameters of discussion, particularly in regards to the idea of “scientific explanation”. Some elements of Popper’s Theory of Knowledge are then analyzed. The final part discusses thescientific parameters of Social Sciences.Este artigo discute os principais elementos da epistemologia das ciências humanas de Karl Popper. Foi organizado como segue. Em primeiro lugar, nos posionamos sobre a  polêmica Popper-Adorno. Então, nós estabelecemos os parâmetros de discussão, nomeadamente no que respeita a idéia de "explicação científica". A seguir são analisados alguns elementos da Teoria do Conhecimento de Popper. A parte final discute os parâmetros científicos de Ciências Sociais

  12. Ventilated external walls, constructed based on the building physics principles developed by Karl Gertis.; Hinterlueftete Aussenwaende, konstruiert aufgrund der von Karl Gertis erarbeiteten bauphysikalischen Grundlagen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cziesielski, Erich [CRP Bauingenieure GmbH, Berlin (Germany)

    2008-12-15

    In his postdoctoral thesis Karl Gertis described the basic principles of the function and the geometric boundary conditions for the construction of ventilated external walls. The proposed revision of DIN 18516-1:2008-09 will again based on the fundamental results of his work. Meanwhile, further work has been carried out on various aspects, including the work by Janser and Marquardt on wind load assumptions and the corrosion-inhibiting effect of ventilated external walls. Ventilated external facings can be retrofitted to damaged walls in large-panel buildings to improve thermal insulation, as a remedial measure for joint defects, and in order to improve corrosion protection. This paper discusses the physical mechanisms relating to wind load reduction and corrosion protection. (Abstract Copyright [2008], Wiley Periodicals, Inc.) [German] Die grundlegende Arbeit ueber die Wirkungsweise und die geometrischen Randbedingungen bei der Konstruktion hinterluefteter Aussenwandkonstruktionen hat Karl Gertis mit seiner Habilitationsschrift verfasst. Auch in der geplanten Neufassung von DIN 18516-1:2008-09 wird auf die grundlegenden Ergebnisse seiner Arbeit unveraendert zugegriffen werden. Weiterfuehrende Arbeiten wurden unter anderem ueber die anzusetzenden Windlastannahmen und die korrosionshemmende Wirkung hinterluefteter Aussenwaende von Janser und Marquardt durchgefuehrt. Durch die nachtraegliche Montage von hinterluefteten Aussenwandkonstruktionen auf die geschaedigten Waende des Grosstafelbaus kann sowohl die Waermedaemmung verbessert werden als auch eine Sanierung der Fugen erfolgen; insbesondere wird aber durch das Aufbringen hinterluefteter Aussenwandkonstruktionen der Korrosionsschutz wesentlich verbessert. Im Folgenden werden die Wirkmechanismen hinsichtlich der Reduzierung der Windlast und des Korrosionsschutzes beschrieben. (Abstract Copyright [2008], Wiley Periodicals, Inc.)

  13. Carl gustav jung, quantum physics and the spiritual mind: a mystical vision of the twenty-first century.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valadas Ponte, Diogo; Schäfer, Lothar

    2013-12-01

    We describe similarities in the ontology of quantum physics and of Carl Gustav Jung's psychology. In spite of the fact that physics and psychology are usually considered as unrelated, in the last century, both of these disciplines have led at the same time to revolutionary changes in the Western understanding of the cosmic order, discovering a non-empirical realm of the universe that doesn't consist of material things but of forms. These forms are real, even though they are invisible, because they have the potential to appear in the empirical world and act in it. We present arguments that force us to believe, that the empirical world is an emanation out of a cosmic realm of potentiality, whose forms can appear as physical structures in the external world and as archetypal concepts in our mind. Accordingly, the evolution of life now appears no longer as a process of the adaptation of species to their environment, but as the adaptation of minds to increasingly complex forms that exist in the cosmic potentiality. The cosmic connection means that the human mind is a mystical mind.

  14. From science to popularization, and back--the science and journalism of the Belgian economist Gustave de Molinari.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Dijck, Maarten

    2008-09-01

    Sociologists and historians of science, such as Richard Whitley and Stephen Hilgartner, identified a culturally dominant discourse of science popularization in the broader society. In this dominant view, a clear distinction is maintained between scientific knowledge and popularized knowledge. Popularization of science is seen as the process of transmitting real science to a lay public. This discourse on science popularization was criticized by Whitley and Hilgartner as an inadequate simplification. Yet, the battered traditional model of popularization remains remarkably resistant to these theoretical attacks. In this paper I will argue, based on research of the output of the Belgian economist Gustave de Molinari (1819-1912), and more specifically, his opinion on the role of government in economic life, that the boundary between science and popularization in political economy is not clear and that the status of scientists fluctuates over time and in different contexts. It is therefore impossible for historians or economists to distinguish science from popularization based on the essential characteristics or intrinsic quality of the work. De Molinari's ideas are followed through the different media of science and journalism. Although de Molinari himself differentiated between his scientific and "popular" work, the boundary between science and popularization proves to be highly permeable, in both directions.

  15. Quality management of medical education at the Carl Gustav Carus Faculty of Medicine, University of Technology Dresden, Germany.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dieter, Peter Erich

    2008-12-01

    The Carl Gustav Carus Faculty of Medicine, University of Technology Dresden, Germany, was founded in 1993 after the reunification of Germany. In 1999, a reform process of medical education was started together with Harvard Medical International. The traditional teacher and discipline-centred curriculum was replaced by a student-centred, interdisciplinary and integrative curriculum which has been named DIPOL (Dresden Integrative Patient/Problem- Oriented Learning). The reform process was accompanied and supported by a parallel-ongoing Faculty Development Program. In 2004, a Quality Management Program in medical education was implemented, and in 2005 medical education received DIN EN ISO 9001:2000 certification. Quality Management Program and DIN EN ISO 9001:2000 certification were/are unique for the 34 medical schools in Germany. The students played a very important strategic role in all processes. They were/are members in all committees like the Faculty Board, the Board of Study Affairs (with equal representation) and the ongoing audits in the Quality Management Program. Students are the only ones who experience all years of the curriculum and are capable of detecting, for example gaps, overlaps, inconsistencies of the curriculum and assessments. Therefore, the in-depth knowledge of students about the medical school's curriculum is a very helpful and essential tool in curriculum reform processes and Quality Management Programs of medical education. The reform in medical education, the establishment of the Quality Management program and the certification resulted in an improvement of quality and output of medical education and medical research.

  16. Carl Gustav Jung, Quantum Physics and the Spiritual Mind: A Mystical Vision of the Twenty-First Century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lothar Schäfer

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available We describe similarities in the ontology of quantum physics and of Carl Gustav Jung’s psychology. In spite of the fact that physics and psychology are usually considered as unrelated, in the last century, both of these disciplines have led at the same time to revolutionary changes in the Western understanding of the cosmic order, discovering a non-empirical realm of the universe that doesn’t consist of material things but of forms. These forms are real, even though they are invisible, because they have the potential to appear in the empirical world and act in it. We present arguments that force us to believe, that the empirical world is an emanation out of a cosmic realm of potentiality, whose forms can appear as physical structures in the external world and as archetypal concepts in our mind. Accordingly, the evolution of life now appears no longer as a process of the adaptation of species to their environment, but as the adaptation of minds to increasingly complex forms that exist in the cosmic potentiality. The cosmic connection means that the human mind is a mystical mind.

  17. Twee vroeë reaksies van Gereformeerde kant op Karl Barth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. J. Engelbrecht

    1986-06-01

    Full Text Available In 1919 het die eerste uitgawe van die epogmakende “Romerbrief” van Karl Barth verskyn. Van die tweede druk in 1922 sê hy dat “kein Stein mehr auf dem andem” gelaat is nie. So opspraakwekkend was hierdie boek dat in 1929 die 5de druk van die tweede, radikaal-hersiene uitgawe verskyn het. Intussen het nog ander werke van Barth en selfs oor Barth verskyn. 0ns noem o.a. sy Der Christ in der Gesellschaft (1920; Das Wort Gottes und die Theologie (1924; Vom Christlichen Leben (1926; Auferstehung der Toten (2. Aufl. 1927, sy preke saam met Eduard Thurneysen Komm Schopfer Geist, (Dritt Aufl., 7-9 Tausend(! 1926. Maar 1927 was veral belangrik vanweë die verskyning van Barth se eerste Dogmatiekboek: “Die Christliche Dogmatik im Entwurf. 1 Die Lehre vom Worte Gottes. Prolegomena zur Christlichen Dogmatik” . Voor dié datum het dwarsoor die wêreld, maar ook in Nederland wye reaksie op sy teologie ontstaan. In 1926 skryf Max Strauch sy “Theologie Karl Barth’s”, terwyl Haitjema in Nederland ook in 1926 sy Barth boek die lig laat sien (Prof. dr. Th. L. Haitjema, Karl Barth, Wageningen 1926. Ander Nederlanders wat gereageer het, was drr. A. H. de Hartog, V. Hepp, Ph. Kohnstamm en di. D. Tromp en 0. Noordmans.

  18. Impacto del paso de los huracanes Gustav e Ike en la salud psicológica de un grupo de escolares afectados Impact of Gustav and Ike hurricanes crossing on the psychological health of a group of affected schoolchildren

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yasel Santiesteban Díaz

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: evaluar el impacto de los huracanes Gustav e Ike en la salud psicológica de un grupo de escolares. Caracterizar la representación psicológica que de los huracanes tuvieron estos, e identificar la presencia de síntomas psicológicos durante y posterior al paso de los meteoros por la localidad afectada. MÉTODOS: se realizó un estudio de casos clínicos 3 meses después de haber pasado los eventos meteorológicos (noviembre 2008. Se seleccionaron 10 niños con edades entre 7 y 10 años, y se recogió el antecedente de daño parcial o total en sus viviendas. La comunidad escogida para el estudio fue Bacunagua, perteneciente al municipio de Los Palacios, el más afectado en la provincia de Pinar del Río. Los instrumentos utilizados fueron el dibujo libre, la composición con el tema "El ciclón", y la entrevista, además se realizó una entrevista a los padres, para recoger el comportamiento de los niños durante y después del paso del ciclón. RESULTADOS: se consideraron 3 categorías como representación psicológica, las cuales fueron destrucción, afección emocional y recuperación; y los síntomas identificados fueron la ansiedad y la tristeza, en 2 niños los síntomas fueron suficientes para considerar la posibilidad Trastorno de Adaptación con Síntoma Ansioso-depresivo. CONCLUSIONES: el trabajo nos permitió acercarnos a los efectos psicológicos de los desastres desde técnicas psicológicas proyectivas, y nos mostró las características en tanto representación y sintomatología psicológica que poseían los escolares del meteoro que los afectó, lo cual permitió acercarse al tratamiento pos desastre existente y proponer recomendaciones.OBJECTIVES: to assess the impact of hurricanes Gustav and Ike on the psychological health of a group of schoolchildren. To characterize the psychological representation that hurricanes had on they and to identify the presence of psychological symptoms during and after the passing of

  19. Disaster-related injuries and illnesses treated by American Red Cross disaster health services during Hurricanes Gustav and Ike.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noe, Rebecca S; Schnall, Amy H; Wolkin, Amy F; Podgornik, Michelle N; Wood, April D; Spears, Jeanne; Stanley, Sharon A R

    2013-01-01

    To describe the injuries and illnesses treated by the American Red Cross (Red Cross) during Hurricanes Gustav and Ike disaster relief operations reported on a new Aggregate Morbidity Report Form. From August 28 to October 18, 2008, 119 Red Cross field service locations in Louisiana, Mississippi, Tennessee, and Texas addressed the healthcare needs of people affected by the hurricanes. From these locations, individual client visit data were retrospectively collated per site onto new 24-hour Aggregate Morbidity Report Forms. A total of 3863 clients were treated. Of the clients, 48% were girls and women and 44% were boys and men; 61% were 19 to 64 years old. Ninety-eight percent of the visits occurred in shelters. The reasons for half of the visits were acute illness and symptoms (eg, pain) and 16% were for routine follow-up care. The majority (65%) of the 2516 visits required treatment at a field location, although 34%, or 1296 visits, required a referral, including 543 healthcare facility transfers. During the hurricanes, a substantial number of displaced evacuees sought care for acute and routine healthcare needs. The capacity of the Red Cross to address the immediate and ongoing health needs of sheltered clients for an extended period of time is a critical resource for local public health agencies, which are often overwhelmed during a disaster. This article highlights the important role that this humanitarian organization fills, to decrease surge to local healthcare systems and to monitor health effects following a disaster. The Aggregate Morbidity Report Form has the potential to assist greatly in this role, and thus its utility for real-time reporting should be evaluated further.

  20. A contribuição de Karl Polanyi para a sociologia do desenvolvimento rural The contribution of Karl Polanyi for the rural development sociology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio Schneider

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available O ensaio aborda a importância da redescoberta do pensamento de Karl Polanyi e de sua crítica à "sociedade de mercado" na retomada dos estudos e debates sobre o desenvolvimento (rural. Após uma apresentação geral do quadro teórico e analítico de Polanyi, buscamos utilizar seus conceitos para interpretar a dinâmica da mercantilização dos meios de vida e das formas sociais de trabalho e produção no espaço rural, bem como dos sistemas agroalimentares no capitalismo contemporâneo. Com base nestas proposições, refletimos sobre o papel dos atores sociais e das instituições nos processos de mudança social em geral e os de desenvolvimento rural em particular. Finalizamos, propondo algumas potencialidades dessa abordagem para os estudos sobre desenvolvimento rural no Brasil.The essay deals with the importance of the rediscovery of Karl Polanyi's thinking and of his criticism of the "market society" in resuming (rural development studies and debates. Following an overall presentation of Polanyi's theoretical and analytical framework, we look for using his concepts to interpret the commoditization dynamics of the rural livelihoods and the social forms of labor and production in the rural space, as well as the commoditization of the agri-food systems in the contemporary capitalism. Based on these statements, we reflect about the role of social actors and institutions in the processes of social change at large and of rural development in particular. And, finally, we propose some potentialities of this approach for the rural development studies in Brazil.

  1. A contribuição de Robert Wilhelm Bunsen e Gustav Robert Kirchhoff para a espectroscopia do século XIX

    OpenAIRE

    Pirolo, Marcelo

    2010-01-01

    Esta dissertação aborda o trabalho de dois pesquisadores alemães, Robert Wilhelm Bunsen e Gustav Robert Kirchhoff que, no século XIX, fizeram uma síntese dos procedimentos em utilizados em espectroscopia até o momento, modificando alguns métodos e auxiliando numa melhor compreensão e análise da luz emitida por materiais incandescentes. Após alguns experimentos desenvolvidos com Henry Roscoe sobre fotoquímica, Bunsen dedicou-se, juntamente com Kirchhoff, às análises espectrais. A espectroscopi...

  2. El cuerpo femenino en las obras de Egon Schiele y de Gustav Klimt. Dos concepciones de la mujer en imágenes

    OpenAIRE

    Carmona Escalera, Carla

    2012-01-01

    El tratamiento del cuerpo femenino en las obras pictóricas de Egon Schiele y Gustav Klimt proyecta dos concepciones de la mujer distintas. En la pintura de Klimt, la mujer se entiende como una fuerza opuesta al hombre. Por el contrario, en la obra de Schiele apenas cabe hablar de hombres y mujeres, sino de figuras. Estableciendo paralelismos con la obra de Schopenhauer y Kraus por un lado y con la de Weininger, Wittgenstein y Trakl por otro, este artículo compara las vienesas de carne y hueso...

  3. The Translation and Publication of Selected Literary Letters of Gustave Flaubert%观鸿雁而知春秋——评《福楼拜文学书简》的译介出版

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范舒扬

    2012-01-01

    Selected Literary Letters of Gustave Flaubert selects and translates some letters related to literature and art from Gustave Flaubert’s abundant correspondence. All these letters show Gustave Flaubert’s real disposition, thoughts and literary taste. A lot of them reveal the writer’s literary ideas, some of which show Gustave Flaubert’s persistence in realism and his emphasis on aesthetic form and free expression of sentiments. The translation and introduction of Gustave Flaubert’s letters will help the research on Gustave Flaubert in China develop in depth from different angles.%《福楼拜文学书简》从福楼拜丰富的信札中选取了与文学艺术相关的一部分翻译介绍到中国,这些书信展现出福楼拜真实的性情、真实的思考与真实的文学好恶。其中许多书信中流露出作家本人的文学观念,其中有些观念表明福楼拜的小说创作不仅仅是对现实主义创作原则的坚持,他同样关注创作的形式美感,注重情感的自由表达。福楼拜书信的译介,将有助于中国的福楼拜研究多维度地走向纵深。

  4. El huracán Karl: concepciones sobre su origen en una comunidad de Veracruz

    OpenAIRE

    Arturo Marinero Heredia; María José García Oramas

    2015-01-01

    Se analizan las concepciones e ideas de pobladores adultos sobre las afectaciones sufridas por el huracán Karl en 2010, en el municipio de La Antigua, Veracruz. Los datos se obtuvieron de entrevistas a informantes claves y grupos focales, además de la revisión de notas periodisticas. Se observa que las concepciones e ideas sobre el origen del desastre las adjudican a las fuerzas naturales, espirituales o religiosas sin reconocer la responsabilidad de las autoridades encargadas de elaborar pol...

  5. El huracán Karl: concepciones sobre su origen en una comunidad de Veracruz

    OpenAIRE

    Arturo Marinero Heredia; María José García Oramas

    2015-01-01

    Se analizan las concepciones e ideas de pobladores adultos sobre las afectaciones sufridas por el huracán Karl en 2010, en el municipio de La Antigua, Veracruz. Los datos se obtuvieron de entrevistas a informantes claves y grupos focales, además de la revisión de notas periodisticas. Se observa que las concepciones e ideas sobre el origen del desastre las adjudican a las fuerzas naturales, espirituales o religiosas sin reconocer la responsabilidad de las autoridades encargadas de elaborar pol...

  6. Karl R. Popper'ın Tarihsicilik Eleştirisi

    OpenAIRE

    Rıza Bakış; Eyüp Alsancak

    2016-01-01

    ABSTRACT: Karl R. Popper is an important philosopher of science of 20th Century and is known in this field through his theory of falsification. But the critical theory of rationality is indeed his basic theory and it can be seen in his whole idea.  Critique of historicism also contains his views on the social and political philosophy in a systematic context in relation to them. Popper embodied his views about the historicism through human-centered thoughts of philosophers such as Plato, Arist...

  7. REALISMO E PLURALISMO: A FILOSOFIA DA CIÊNCIA DE KARL R. POPPER

    OpenAIRE

    Mateus Romanini

    2012-01-01

    O presente trabalho tem por objetivo principal apresentar uma interpretação da obra de Karl Raimund Popper que leva em consideração dois problemas e suas respectivas soluções propostas pelo autor. Primeiramente buscar-se-á tratar do problema que emerge do debate sobre que entidades podem ser consideradas reais, a saber, se e como entidades abstratas interagem com o mundo físico. Popper não aceita as posições monistas e dualistas porque ambas levam ao determinismo. Assim, para r...

  8. Karl Jaspers' phenomenology in the light of histological and X-ray metaphors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vlasova, Olga Alexandrovna; Beveridge, Allan

    2014-03-01

    The study considers the origins of Karl Jaspers' phenomenology. What did phenomenology mean to Jaspers and what was his personal perspective? What metaphors did he associate with it? This paper describes his phenomenological method by using the metaphors of histology and the X-ray. This perspective enables a better understanding, not only of the origins and essence of his phenomenology but also of its value for Jaspers himself. In Jaspers' daily life, he would have been familiar with microscopes and X-ray machines.

  9. A interpretação do Proslogion por Karl Barth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Ricardo Martines

    1996-12-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo principal deste texto é apresentai alguns elementos essenciais da interpretação do Proslogion feita por Karl Barth em seu livro S. Anselme, Fides Quaerens Intellectum. La preuve de l'existence de Dieu (trad. franc. Com Base no "programa teológico" de Anselmo, Barth identifica as linhas fundamentais para a leitura dos capítulos 2 a 4 do Pioslogion. Tentaremos mostrar a significação e o alcance dessa interpretação para a historiografia do pensamento anselmiano.

  10. Karl Gustaf Torsten Sjögren and Sjögren-Larsson syndrome

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    Karl Gustaf Torsten Sjögren (1896-1974) a Swedish psychiatrist and geneticist, was a pioneer of modern Swedish psychiatry. Sjögren studied medicine at the University of Uppsala. From 1932 to 1935, he was Head Physician and Director of Lillehagen Hospital in Gothenburg, and between 1935- 1945, he was physician-in-chief at the psychiatric department of Sahlgrenska Hospital in Gothenburg. Sjögren was professor of psychiatry at Karolinska Institutet from 1945 to 1961 and was elected to the Royal...

  11. Karl Barth’s role in church and politics from 1930 to 1935

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André J. Groenewald

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available Karl Barth saw in natural theology a threat to the church of Christ. He was convinced that the so-called “German Christians” under the influence of the National Socialist Party practised natural theology. He advocated the need for the church of Christ to be church according to the Word of God. The church can be true church of Christ when it listens to and obeys the true calling of God. Barth’s critique of an exclusive “Volkskirche” can serve as a corrective for the definition of the Nederduitsch Hervormde Kerk as a “volkskerk”.

  12. Karl Marx e a Essência Autogestionária da Comuna de Paris

    OpenAIRE

    Nildo Viana

    2011-01-01

    O artigo apresenta a interpretação da Comuna de Paris por Karl Marx como autogoverno dos produtores, autogestão social. Uma análise minuciosa do capítulo da obra “A Guerra Civil na França” fornece os elementos interpretativos para compreender a pe...

  13. Francisco de Paula Castro e Karl von den Steinen: expedicion?rios do Xingu (1884)

    OpenAIRE

    Ara?jo, Marcos Paulo Mendes

    2015-01-01

    No final do s?culo XIX, um significativo n?mero de pesquisadores estrangeiros esteve no Brasil a fim de realizar viagens explorat?rias. Um desses exploradores foi Karl von den Steinen que esteve no Brasil em duas oportunidades, sendo a primeira em 1884 quando visitou a regi?o do Xingu na companhia de outros dois alem?es, v?rios militares brasileiros e guias contratados. Esta pesquisa apresenta o resultado da leitura e an?lise do relat?rio de viagem produzido pelo capit?o de infantaria do Ex?r...

  14. Tracing the Oldest Audio Recordings of Vocal Musical Tradition of Germans in Bačka. The Field Research of Gustav Kipers-Sonenberg in Bačka

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vesna Ivkov

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper represents an attempt by the author to contribute to the history of ethnomusicology in Serbia, by brining to light new data on the fieldwork conducted by Gustav Kipers – Sonenberg in Bačka for the purposes of making audio recordings and collecting German traditional melodies. The aim of the research is to study the opinions of contemporary members of the German national community in Bačka on the melodies gathered by Gustav Kipers – Sonenberg. This approach and the data gathered become the basis for considering further directives for the study of German traditional music in Serbia.

  15. The psychology of thinking, animal psychology, and the young Karl Popper.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ter Hark, Michel

    2004-01-01

    In the 1920s, Karl Popper wrote two large manuscripts on psychology that he never published. In his autobiography, Unended Quest, he attempts to reduce the importance of his work in psychology as much as possible, and in his philosophical work he is an antipsychologist. However, in this article, it is argued that Popper's early psychology has been pivotally important for the development of his philosophy. In particular, it is shown that Popper's views on psychology underwent a radical shift, one that paved the way for his characteristic deductive stance in philosophy. Popper's views shifted from an inductive and associationistic psychology toward a noninductive psychology of problem solving. Tracing the historical background of Popper's early work reveals how he integrated various parts of the psychology of Karl Groos into his analysis of the childish phenomenon of dogmatic thinking and how he shortly after appropriated various elements of the animal psychology of Hans Volkelt and Herbert Jennings in his biological approach to (dogmatic) thinking. In the monumental works of Otto Selz, however, Popper finally found the roots of a noninductive and biological approach to the growth of individual and scientific knowledge.

  16. Karl Popper’s model under the perspective of the applied social sciences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milton de Abreu Campanario

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-8077.2012v14n32p124Karl Popper is the leading philosopher of science in modern times, competing with Thomas Kuhn’s interpretation to the primacy of how to utilize de scientific method. Clearly, there are different versions for a reading of this important author who coined the method called deductive with test. This text recognizes the relevance of Karl Popper’s view of science as a practice in hard and biological fields, where it is widely accepted. However, this popularity is not shared in the applied social sciences area. This is an essay to rescue his contribution in an attempt to translate the concepts he developed in a didactic way. To this end, there will be an introduction to the fundamentals of science as specific form o knowledge, seeking to contrast the deductive and inductive approaches and procedures of what is known as formal science, basic and applied. An attempt to classify the formulation of theoretical propositions is undertaken with the use of different criteria, taking examples in the field of management and economics as an illustration.

  17. A crítica da epistemologia na sociologia do conhecimento de Karl Mannheim

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    Luís de Gusmão

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available O artigo analisa a crítica da epistemologia normativa na obra de Karl Mannheim, sublinhando a sua presença tanto na fase mais filosófica, associada ao elogio do historicismo, como na Sociologia do Conhecimento posterior. Chama a atenção também para a atualidade dessa crítica: ao censurar os epistemólogos do seu tempo por não levarem na devida conta os achados das ciências empíricas particulares, Mannheim antecipa, em décadas, tendências mais recentes da Sociologia do Conhecimento e da reflexão epistemológica.The article analyzes the critique of normative epistemology in the work of Karl Mannheim, stressing its presence both in his more philosophical phase, associated with the praise of historicism, and in his later Sociology of Knowledge. It also calls attention to the relevance of this critique: attacking the epistemologists of his time by not taking into proper account the findings of particular empirical sciences, Mannheim anticipated by decades recent trends in the Sociology of Knowledge and epistemological reflection.

  18. La memoria, el tiempo y la historia en Karl Mannheim y en Maurice Halbwachs

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    Gérard NAMER

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: Las aportaciones de Maurice Halbwachs sobre la sociología de la memoria son suficientemente conocidas. Los análisis de Karl Mannheim añaden nuevos enfoques a los estudios sobre la sociología de la memoria y sus conceptos. Este artículo trata de comparar las aportaciones sociológicas de ambos, y cómo ellos renuevan, uno y otro sin conocerse, la concepción del tiempo, de la memoria y de la historia.ABSTRACT: The contributions of Maurice Halbwachs in regard to the sociology of memory are sufficiently well known. The analyses of Karl Mannheim add new approaches to the studies on the sociology of memory and its concepts. The objective of this article is to compare the sociological contributions of both to the study of memory in the period between the wars. Keywords: Sociology of knowledge, sociology of memory, individual memory, collective memory, social frameworks of memory, diverse memories, time, diverse social times, history, cultural history, conservative thought, totalitarianism.

  19. [The 100th anniversary of Gustav Wilhelm Störring's "Lectures on Psychopathology". A review of his early years].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steinberg, H; Künstler, U

    2000-06-01

    The aim of this essay is to retell the life and work of philosopher and psychiatrist Gustav Wilhelm Störring (1860-1946) during his early years in Leipzig and Erdmannshain. His "Lectures on Psychopathology and its Impact on Normal Psychology", written 100 years ago, are acknowledged as his most important work. With this book Störring stands in opposition to many of his contemporaries, which is illustrated with his concept of mania. In some aspects, however, his ideas coincide with those of other well-known psychiatrists such as Emil Kraepelin. Both were inclined to the idea that psychiatry and psychology could mutually stimulate each other. Störring's work in Wundt's laboratory of experimental psychology had a major impact on his work. Wundt's ideas gave impetus to a lot of his work and also influenced papers Störring was to write later on. Störring's biography is followed until 1902 when he was appointed professor of philosophy of Zurich University, in which his friend Ernst Meumann was substantially involved. In Leipzig Störring had started his work as Flechsig's assistant at the hospital of psychiatry and neurology of Leipzig University. In 1897 he founded his own sanitarium for mentally and neurologically ill in Erdmannshain, a village near Leipzig, which he managed together with his wife Marie, née Bonacker. With the help of Wundt Störring qualifies as a university lecturer. During the years regarded here, however, he got more and more attracted to philosophical matters, thus turning away from neurosciences. In time he started to regard his work as physician as nothing more than necessary for making his living. His relationship with Wundt, who together with his laboratory of experimental psychology had previously made him wish to come to Leipzig, cooled down, at least on the part of the first. That puts an end to Störring's early years not only from the point of view of his biography but also from his work.

  20. Shakespearean Thoughts as Statutes. Law and Literature in Karl Kraus Pensieri shakespeariani come leggi dello stato. Letteratura e diritto in Karl Kraus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irene Fantappie

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available It is not possible to understand Karl Kraus, claims Walter Benjamin, without assuming that in the oeuvre of the Viennese writer "everything takes place in the sphere of law". In Kraus’s thought legal issues are strongly related to literature and language. His concept of law stems from a higher ideal of ‘justice’; justice is based on language and language has a strong ideal and prescriptive value. Through the use of quotation Kraus charges literature and journalism with betraying language, while on the other hand he charges law with betraying justice. This essay aims at demonstrating trough an interdisciplinary approach that Kraus did not only involve law issues in his literary writings, he also invested some literary works – especially Shakespeare’s plays – with a legal value. In Kraus’s thought Shakespeare is a symbol of consubstantiality between reality and literature, and an 'encyclopedia' providing eternally valid categories. As an ideal paradigm for the interpretation of reality, Shakespeare is the utopian background of Kraus’s reflection on language and justice, bearing witness to the indissolubility, in Kraus’s thought, of literature and law.   È impossibile comprendere alcunché di Karl Kraus, afferma Walter Benjamin, se non si capisce che nell’opera del grande scrittore viennese «tutto ha luogo nella sfera del diritto». In Kraus l’analisi delle questioni giuridiche è inscindibile dalla riflessione sulla letteratura e sul linguaggio. La disamina del diritto muove da un più alto ideale di giustizia fondato sulla lingua, e specularmente il linguaggio possiede una forte valenza ideale e prescrittivo-normativa. Attraverso l’uso della citazione Kraus mette sotto accusa letteratura e giornalismo in nome di un più alto ideale di lingua, mentre nei suoi scritti letterari mette sotto accusa il sistema del diritto in nome di un più alto ideale di giustizia. Scopo del presente saggio è dimostrare, utilizzando un

  1. Mida kujutab endast IB õppekava? / Toomas Kruusimägi, Anu Parts, Karl Hendrik Thomson ; intervjueerinud Raivo Juurak

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kruusimägi, Toomas, 1962-

    2010-01-01

    Uuest rahvusvahelisest International Baccalaureate'i (IB) õppekavast ja selle rakendamisest Tallinna Inglise Kolledži 11. klassis alates möödunud aastast räägivad kooli direktor Toomas Kruusimägi, õppedirektor Anu Parts ning õpilane Karl Hendrik Thomson

  2. Reference test methods for total water in lint cotton by Karl Fischer Titration and low temperature distillation

    Science.gov (United States)

    In a study of comparability of total water contents (%) of conditioned cottons by Karl Fischer Titration (KFT) and Low Temperature Distillation (LTD) reference methods, we demonstrated a match of averaged results based on a large number of replications and weighing the test specimens at the same tim...

  3. Naised käsu korras firmade juhatusse! Jah või ei? / Kairi Alt, Aveli Kippari, Karl Koort... [jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    Küsimusele vastavad Columbus IT Partner Eesti AS personalijuht Kairi Alt, Stele ja Riveli omanik Aveli Kippari, AS Panaviatic'i turundusjuht Karl Koort, OÜ Tarkvara Tehnoloogia Arenduskeskuse tegevjuht Indrek Vainu, AS PricewaterhouseCoopers auditiosakonna direktor Eva Jansen, Kalev Chocolate Factory tootmisjuht Hardo Reinike

  4. Blank ja Jeron (sero.org) / Joachim Blank, Karl Heinz Jeron ; interv. Tilman Baumgärtel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Blank, Joachim

    2006-01-01

    Nime sero.org all esinenud saksa kunstnikepaarist Joachim Blankist (sünd. 1963) ja Karl Heinz Jeronist ning nende loomingust, intervjuu kunstnikega nende Berliini ateljees 10. II 2000. Saksa võrgukunsti edendamisest rühmituste Lux Logis, Handshake ja Internationale Stadt koosseisus, jututubadest, teostest "Dump your trash", "Re-M@il", installatsioonidest "re: represent", "Scanner +++", "sign.post" ja muust

  5. Blank ja Jeron (sero.org) / Joachim Blank, Karl Heinz Jeron ; interv. Tilman Baumgärtel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Blank, Joachim

    2006-01-01

    Nime sero.org all esinenud saksa kunstnikepaarist Joachim Blankist (sünd. 1963) ja Karl Heinz Jeronist ning nende loomingust, intervjuu kunstnikega nende Berliini ateljees 10. II 2000. Saksa võrgukunsti edendamisest rühmituste Lux Logis, Handshake ja Internationale Stadt koosseisus, jututubadest, teostest "Dump your trash", "Re-M@il", installatsioonidest "re: represent", "Scanner +++", "sign.post" ja muust

  6. Mapping a Space of Biography: Karl Triebold and the Waldschule of Senne I-Bielefeld (c.1923-1939)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thyssen, Geert

    2012-01-01

    Starting from a "life geography" of Karl Triebold, a leading figure in open-air education, this article provides an understanding of the seemingly ordinary but still idiosyncratic development of a German open-air school. Triebold's life's work, the fight against tuberculosis, conceived as character education through healthy occupation,…

  7. Naised käsu korras firmade juhatusse! Jah või ei? / Kairi Alt, Aveli Kippari, Karl Koort... [jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    Küsimusele vastavad Columbus IT Partner Eesti AS personalijuht Kairi Alt, Stele ja Riveli omanik Aveli Kippari, AS Panaviatic'i turundusjuht Karl Koort, OÜ Tarkvara Tehnoloogia Arenduskeskuse tegevjuht Indrek Vainu, AS PricewaterhouseCoopers auditiosakonna direktor Eva Jansen, Kalev Chocolate Factory tootmisjuht Hardo Reinike

  8. Ajaloost kirjandusajaloos / Gustav Suits

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Suits, Gustav, 1883-1956

    2002-01-01

    Esmakordselt ilmunud: Liber saecularis 2. Litterarum Societas Esthonica 1838-1938. Tartu, 1938. (Õpetatud Eesti Seltsi toimetused ; XXX). Minevikumotiivide ja kroonikasündmuste kajastumisest eesti ilukirjanduses Bornhöhe "Tasuja" ja "Villu võitluste" näitel

  9. El huracán Karl: concepciones sobre su origen en una comunidad de Veracruz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arturo Marinero Heredia

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Se analizan las concepciones e ideas de pobladores adultos sobre las afectaciones sufridas por el huracán Karl en 2010, en el municipio de La Antigua, Veracruz. Los datos se obtuvieron de entrevistas a informantes claves y grupos focales, además de la revisión de notas periodísticas. Se observa que las concepciones e ideas sobre el origen del desastre las adjudican a las fuerzas naturales, espirituales o religiosas sin reconocer la responsabilidad de las autoridades encargadas de elaborar políticas públicas en la materia y en la falta de previsión social y personal frente a sus devastadores efectos. Esta concepción dificulta la prevención, mantiene a la comunidad en situación de vulnerabilidad e impide o imposibilita la integración, la cohesión social y la acción colectiva.

  10. Cybernetics and Social Order. Models and Images of Society in Norbert Wiener and Karl Deutsch

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Carradore

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The present contribution aims at defining the relation between cybernetics and social theory from the perspective of society as order. After an historical framework of the cybernetic movement, a careful reading of the works of Norbert Wiener, in which he introduced the concept of feed-back and the idea of information society, has revealed a keen awareness about the social effects of technological innovation. Among the social scientists who had made use of cybernetic concepts, it has been considered the work of Karl Deutsch, which was one of the first completely cybernetic perspective for the study of political and social phenomena. The main conclusion is that cybernetics, as a meeting point between different disciplines, has produced an image of self-regulated society in line with the image of society as order.

  11. Rationalism and traditionalism in politics. The correspondence between Karl R. Popper and Michael Oakeshott

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Spartaco Pupo

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The correspondence of 1948 between Karl Popper and Michael Oakeshott, translated for the first time in Italian and published in the appendix to this paper, demonstrates the existence of two different ways of thinking about politics: the rationalist approach, founded on the “argumentation” as a rational means for the non-violent solution of problems (Popper, and the traditionalist mode, inspired by the method of “conversation” as a guarantee of constant openness to the diversity of identities (Oakeshott. To rise from the letters is a mutual influence on the interpretation of the key concepts that characterize the thought of the two authors, which however does not cancel the fundamental divergence of their political orientation.

  12. ["Homesickness and crime"--a contribution of Karl Jaspers to criminal psychology].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bachhiesl, Sonja Maria

    2009-01-01

    Even a century after its first publication in "Archives of Criminology" (in German: Archiv für Kriminologie), the doctoral thesis of Karl Jaspers (1883-1969), which was newly edited in 1996, continues to be of interest. Although the crimes described by Jaspers, which took place in a rural area, do no longer occur in this form just as the rural culture itself has disappeared, this paper nevertheless contains reflections that may also be relevant for the interpretation of modern potentials of conflict and violence and crimes rooted therein. The former homesickness has developed into novel phenomena of uprooting. In both cases, problems of maladjustment are a contributing factor to crime motivation. Thus despite all terminological and methodological change, Jaspers' thesis is an example for the continuing relevance of certain subjects in criminological discourse.

  13. Investigation of amine-buffered amide reagents for coulometric Karl Fischer titration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larsson, William; Cedergren, Anders

    2009-06-15

    Formamide (FA), N-methylformamide (NMF), and dimethylformamide (DMF), were evaluated as solvents for coulometric Karl Fischer (KF) reagents in combination with several amine bases. Except for the effect of the iodine species (iodine or triiodide), the pH of the reagent and the position of the sulfur dioxide/hydrogen sulfite equilibrium were found to be the main factors explaining the large difference in the observed reaction rates between water and the KF reagent in these solvents. Acid-base titrations showed that hydrogen sulfite is the main sulfur reactant in these media. The results will be of great importance in finding suitable combinations of base and solvent with respect to stoichiometry, side reactions caused by active carbonyl compounds, and reagent stability.

  14. Coulometric trace determination of water by using Karl Fischer reagent and potentiometric end-point detection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cedergren, A

    1974-06-01

    A new approach to the determination of water via the Karl Fischer reaction is described. Iodine is coulometrically generated and the end-point corresponding to a slight excess of iodine, is detected potentiometrically with a non-polarized platinum electrode. Samples of 1-500 mul containing 0.05-200 mug of water were analysed with a standard deviation of 0.015 mug in the range 0.05-20 mug of H(2)O. A specially constructed electrolysis cell was used in combination with an LKB 16300 Coulometric Analyzer and the time for a complete analysis was 1-4 min, depending on sample size. The reagent composition has been optimized in order to enhance the rate of the main reaction and to minimize the extent of side-reactions. Decreasing the temperature reduced the extent of side-reactions. The displacement of end-point potential on dilution was studied and a correction is discussed.

  15. Karl Popper: La explicación en la disciplina histórica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Holbein Giraldo-Paredes

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available En el siguiente artículo se revisan los argumentos enunciados en la obra La miseria del historicismo, en la cual Karl Popper realiza una crítica a la concepción historicista emanada de la filosofía de autores como Platón, Hegel y Marx. Crítica que realiza aludiendo a argumentos de orden epistemológico, para demostrar que el modelo nomológico deductivo de la explicación no aplica a la disciplina histórica, y en este sentido negando una de las tesis más fuertes que él había defendido toda su vida: la del monismo metodológico o unificacionismo metodológico de la ciencia, heredada del positivismo lógico.

  16. Hurricanes Karl and Tropical Storm Matthew Structure Observed by HIWRAP During GRIP

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heymsfield, G. M.; Guimond, S. R.; Tian, L.

    2012-12-01

    The dual-wavelength (Ku and Ka band) High-Altitude Imaging Wind and Rain Airborne Profiler (HIWRAP) flew for the first time on the Global Hawk during the 2010 Genesis and Rapid Intensification Processes (GRIP). HIWRAP is conical scanning and Doppler, and winds and reflectivity can be mapped within the swath below the Global Hawk. Two interesting cases from the HIWRAP flights were the rapid intensification of Hurricane Karl and the intensification of Tropical Storm Matthew. This presentation will highlight the precipitation and wind structure of these storms during their intensification as derived from the HIWRAP observations. If time permits and if available, highlights from HIWRAP observations from the Hurricane Severe Storm Sentinel (HS3) field campaign in September 2012 will be presented.

  17. Karl Deutsch y su contribución al estudio de las Relaciones Internacionales

    OpenAIRE

    Sánchez Sánchez, Rafael

    2011-01-01

    Este artículo presenta una reseña, y no intenta ser más que eso, de la vida y obra del cientista político Karl Deutsch. Así, presenta aspectos biográficos de la vida de Deutsch. Su extraordinaria y muy activa vida académica. Sus análisis y aportes a las ciencias políticas y las Relaciones Internacionales, poniendo el énfasis en las críticas que hace al realismo político y en su contribución teórica y metodológica al estudio de la integración regional.

  18. Historical consciousness and existential awareness in Karl Barth’s hermeneutics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G.M.M. Pelser

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available Karl Barth’s hermeneutic legacy prolonged Western Christian tradition, especially influenced by Hegelian philosophy of history. This led to Barth’s “theological exegesis” instead of a historic-critical exegesis. In a preceding article Barth’s understanding of the notion “hermeneutic circle” is discussed against the background of the Enlightenment and its counter-movement in Romanticism. In this article Barth’s attitude to the place and role of historical criticism is explained in light of his dialectic distinction between “scientific” and “practical” interpretation. The article aims to show that Barth, with his dialectics, continues Schleiermacher’s realism. In conclusion, the positivistic traits in the Barth legacy are raised once again, in order to open the door to Jürgen Habermas and other deconstructionist thinkers of the postmodern era in hermeneutics.

  19. Karl ernst von Baer's 'Uber Entwickelungsgeschichte der Thiere II' and its unpublished drawings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tammiksaar, Erki; Brauckmann, Sabine

    2004-01-01

    In 1828 Karl Ernst von Baer (1792-1876) published his seminal Uber Entwickelungsgeschichte der Thiere. Beobachtung und Reflexion. In the preface he announced that a second volume with one copper plate would be finished 'in a few weeks'. However, it took nine years until the unfinished second volume was released, with four copperplates. In his 'Autobiography', von Baer did not clarify the reasons why he did not finish his research program of comparative embryology. The paper attempts to elucidate them, furnished by archival documents and von Baer's unpublished embryological drawings. Our sketch of a few figures will show that (1) von Baer searched for 'analogies' (homologies) as a unifying principle and (2) explained the mechanisms of embryogenesis by physiological reasoning (electromagnetism). The main objective is to show that technical problems in illustrating and conceptual difficulties impeded von Baer's ambitious research program.

  20. FILSAFAT ILMU KARL R. POPPER DAN THOMAS S. KUHN SERTA IMPLIKASINYA DALAM PENGAJARAN ILMU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Slamet Subekti

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses about philosophy of science according to Karl R. Popper and Thomas S. Kuhn. There are similarities and differences between their views about how progress and what function of science.Apparently both Popper and Kuhn agree that science does not proceed by induction. However Kuhn disagrees with the view that science progresses by falsifiability through conjectures and refutations, but occurance by paradigm shift. Popper and Kuhn’s disagreement amounted to a distinction between two functions within the practice of science, one of criticism (Popper and one of puzzle solving (Kuhn.Science education implies the teaching and learning of science interesting and fruitful in one hand, and teachers should be role models to students in the other hand

  1. Karl Marx e a Essência Autogestionária da Comuna de Paris

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nildo Viana

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available

    O artigo apresenta a interpretação da Comuna de Paris por Karl Marx como autogoverno dos produtores, autogestão social. Uma análise minuciosa do capítulo da obra “A Guerra Civil na França” fornece os elementos interpretativos para compreender a percepção da Comuna de Paris como obra autogestionários dos operários parisienses, o que foi um elemento fundamental para o desenvolvimento do marxismo posterior.

  2. Vital forces and organization: philosophy of nature and biology in Karl Friedrich Kielmeyer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gambarotto, Andrea

    2014-12-01

    The historical literature on German life science at the end of the 18th century has tried to rehabilitate eighteenth century vitalism by stressing its difference from Naturphilosophie. Focusing on the work of Karl Friedrich Kielmeyer this paper argues that these positions are based on a historiographical bias and that the clear-cut boundary between German vitalism and Naturphilosophie is historically unattested. On the contrary, they both belong to the process of conceptual genealogy that contributed to the project of a general biology. The latter emerged as the science concerned with the laws that regulate the organization of living nature as a whole. The focus on organization was, at least partially, the result of the debate surrounding the notion of "vital force", which originated in the mid-eighteenth century and caused a shift from a regulative to a constitutive understanding of teleology.

  3. Readers and academic reading of Karl Marx (São Paulo, 1958-1964

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lidiane Soares Rodrigues

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Ideas, books and concepts of Karl Marx and various Marxist authors was incorporated into scientific and cultural institutions. It is one of the political sphere importation into the academic implying sense of speed in relation to its origins and gave to Marxism, through the practices of the agents of this transfer, support for their preservation, dissemination and transformation. Concurrently, there is the incorporation of these lines to the required reading of the humanities and the repertoire of cultivated layers. Examination of appropriations that academic and cultured elites made of Marx, situate them (such work and such elites, institutionally. This is what this article does. Arguing that the legitimacy of the uses of a tradition result not only of their intrinsic value, but the work oriented agents interested in it, is elected an exemplary experience for research. This article looks at two university groups initially focused on the study of Karl Marx's work, made in the late 1950. It begins by proposing a collective biography, the reading program and the various uses they made of them. To refine the analysis and proof the advocated method selects for vertical take, within a group (the first one and a discipline (sociology, two contrasting trajectories (Fernando Henrique Cardoso and Octavio Ianni and various forms Marxism (theoretical and empirical / dominant and dominated. Finally, it discusses the profits propitiated to have operated with three concepts of cultural sociology: habitus, « field » and « patterns of intention » – taken from the works of Pierre Bourdieu and Michael Baxandall.

  4. On the Great Artist Gustav Klimt%再谈艺术大师古斯塔夫.克里姆特

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    权千发; 王琛

    2009-01-01

    @@ 艺术大师古斯塔夫·克里姆特(GustavKlimt)的艺术成就影响了20世纪后来的现代主义艺术,特别是对表现主义、象征主义绘画艺术的影响尤为重大.克里姆特的平面化处理手法以及重视图形化与肌理效果的创作方式,综合了壁画、油画的创作方法,运用点彩、镶嵌、沥粉等各种技法以及强调画面的构成关系等形成一种独特的绘画风格.

  5. Polyphonie als mehrfach eingebettete Rede bei Flaubert. Andrea Landvogts Verbindung linguistischer und narratologischer Ansätze zu einer Typologie der Redewiedergabe [Andrea Landvogt: Discours cités. Eine äußerungs- und erzähltheoretisch fundierte Typologie der Redewiedergabe am Beispiel von Gustave Flaubert. Heidelberg 2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frauke Bode

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Rezension zu / Review of:Andrea Landvogt: Discours cités. Eine äußerungs- und erzähltheoretisch fundierte Typologie der Redewiedergabe am Beispiel von Gustave Flaubert. Heidelberg 2011. 

  6. Lake Andes National Wildlife Refuge Complex : Lake Andes National Wildlife Refuge, Karl Mundt National Wildlife Refuge, Lake Andes Wetland Management District : 1998 Annual narrative report

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Lake Andes NWR, Karl Mundt NWR, and Lake Andes WMD outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1998 calendar year. The report begins...

  7. Lake Andes National Wildlife Refuge Complex : Lake Andes National Wildlife Refuge, Karl Mundt National Wildlife Refuge, Lake Andes Wetland Management District : 1999 Annual narrative report

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Lake Andes NWR, Karl Mundt NWR, and Lake Andes WMD outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1999 calendar year. The report begins...

  8. Lake Andes National Wildlife Refuge Complex : Lake Andes National Wildlife Refuge, Karl Mundt National Wildlife Refuge, Lake Andes Wetland Management District : 2002 Annual narrative report

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Lake Andes NWR, Karl Mundt NWR, and Lake Andes WMD outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 2002 calendar year. The report begins...

  9. Lake Andes National Wildlife Refuge Complex : Lake Andes National Wildlife Refuge, Karl Mundt National Wildlife Refuge, Lake Andes Wetland Management District : 2001 Annual narrative report

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Lake Andes NWR, Karl Mundt NWR, and Lake Andes WMD outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 2001 calendar year. The report begins...

  10. Lake Andes National Wildlife Refuge Complex : Lake Andes National Wildlife Refuge, Karl Mundt National Wildlife Refuge, Lake Andes Wetland Management District : 1994 Annual narrative report

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Lake Andes NWR, Karl Mundt NWR, and Lake Andes WMD outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1994 calendar year. The report begins...

  11. Lake Andes National Wildlife Refuge Complex : Lake Andes National Wildlife Refuge, Karl Mundt National Wildlife Refuge, Lake Andes Wetland Management District : 1997 Annual narrative report

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Lake Andes NWR, Karl Mundt NWR, and Lake Andes WMD outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1997 calendar year. The report begins...

  12. Lake Andes National Wildlife Refuge Complex : Lake Andes National Wildlife Refuge, Karl Mundt National Wildlife Refuge, Lake Andes Wetland Management District : Updated- 2003 annual narrative report

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Lake Andes NWR, Karl Mundt NWR, and Lake Andes WMD outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 2003 calendar year. The report begins...

  13. Lake Andes National Wildlife Refuge Complex : Lake Andes National Wildlife Refuge, Karl Mundt National Wildlife Refuge, Lake Andes Wetland Management District : 1995 Annual narrative report

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Lake Andes NWR, Karl Mundt NWR, and Lake Andes WMD outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1995 calendar year. The report begins...

  14. Annual narrative report: Lake Andes National Wildlife Refuge, Karl Mundt National Wildlife Refuge, and Lake Andes Wetland Management District: Calendar year 1975

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This collection of monthly activity reports summarizes activities on Lake Andes NWR, Lake Andes WMD, and Karl E. Mundt NWR during the 1975 calendar year. Resource...

  15. Lake Andes National Wildlife Refuge Complex : Lake Andes National Wildlife Refuge, Karl Mundt National Wildlife Refuge, Lake Andes Wetland Management District : 2000 Annual narrative report

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Lake Andes NWR, Karl Mundt NWR, and Lake Andes WMD outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 2000 calendar year. The report begins...

  16. Lake Andes National Wildlife Refuge Complex : Lake Andes National Wildlife Refuge, Karl Mundt National Wildlife Refuge, Lake Andes Wetland Management District : 1996 Annual narrative report

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Lake Andes NWR, Karl Mundt NWR, and Lake Andes WMD outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1996 calendar year. The report begins...

  17. Tartu Ülikooli kümme geeniust / Alo Lõhmus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lõhmus, Alo

    2007-01-01

    Valik Tartu Ülikoolis 375 aasta jooksul kõige rohkem maailmateadust mõjutanud teadlasi: Friedrich Georg Wilhelm Stuve, Martin Heinrich Rathke, Karl Ernst von Baer, Karl Wilhelm von Kupffer, Juri Lotman, Ludvig Puusepp Nikolai Pirogov, Ernst Öpik, Ivan Kondakov, Karl Bücher, Karl Friedrich Burdach ja Gustav Teichmüller

  18. Tartu Ülikooli kümme geeniust / Alo Lõhmus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lõhmus, Alo

    2007-01-01

    Valik Tartu Ülikoolis 375 aasta jooksul kõige rohkem maailmateadust mõjutanud teadlasi: Friedrich Georg Wilhelm Stuve, Martin Heinrich Rathke, Karl Ernst von Baer, Karl Wilhelm von Kupffer, Juri Lotman, Ludvig Puusepp Nikolai Pirogov, Ernst Öpik, Ivan Kondakov, Karl Bücher, Karl Friedrich Burdach ja Gustav Teichmüller

  19. Theodor Billroth's vision and Karl Ziegler's action: commemoration of the 40th day of death and the 50th anniversary of conferment of Nobel Prize for Chemistry of Karl Ziegler.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kapischke, Matthias; Pries, Alexandra

    2014-02-01

    Alloplastic materials are broadly used in modern surgery. Until the middle of the 20th century, metal materials and especially silver were used because of their antimicrobial properties. With the development of a new catalytic process for the production of high-density polyethylene and polypropylene materials, a new era of prosthesis was introduced. These polymers are integral part of our everyday operations surgery, especially in hernia repair. The famous surgeon Billroth mentioned to his pupil Czerny in 1878: "If we could artificially produce tissues of the density and toughness of fascia and tendon, the secret of the radical cure of hernia would be discovered". The polypropylene developed by Karl Ziegler gave the surgeon a material for daily practice, which in its properties (nearly) achieved Billroth's initial vision. In 1963 the Nobel Prize for Chemistry was awarded to Karl Ziegler and Giulio Natta in Stockholm. Furthermore, August 11, 2013 will be the 40th anniversary of Karl Ziegler's death. This manuscript honors both days.

  20. A tectonic window into the crystalline basement of Prins Karls Forland, Svalbard

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faehnrich, Karol; Manecki, Maciej; Schneider, David; Czerny, Jerzy; Myhre, Per Inge; Majka, Jarosław; Kośmińska, Karolina; Barnes, Chris; Maraszewska, Maria

    2016-04-01

    Prins Karls Forland, Svalbard, comprises a fold-thrust belt as a result of the Eocene Eurekan orogeny. The northern part of the island (north of Selvågen) is dominated by Neoproterozoic siliciclastic metasediments regionally metamorphosed to greenschist facies conditions, probably in association with one distinct stage of Caledonian tectonism. Contrasting with these low grade sequences are rocks of the Pinkie Unit, which are locally exposed along east coast of Prins Karls Forland. Amphibolite facies metasediments show evidence for at least two distinct deformation stages (including mylonitization). All the borders of the Pinkie unit are tectonic: to the east, it is a sharp boundary with the truncation of the Pinkie foliation into a N-S fault, parallel to the coast, probably associated with the formation of the Neogene Forlandsundet Graben. A ~1 km wide ductile to brittle shear zone (the Bouréefjellet shear zone) separates the low and high grade sequences along the western margin, with the Grampian Formation (low metamorphic grade quartzites, conglomerates, siltstones and slates) as the upper structural unit. Moreover, the shear zone contains outcrops of metagabbro associated with magnetite ore (Maraszewska et al. 2016, EGU). The apparent tectonostratigraphy of the Pinkie unit consists of laminated fine-grained calc-silicate rocks, locally with scapolite, and a strong E-W lineation at lower structural levels. In these rocks primary layering is apparent (S0) and parallel to metamorphic foliation plane (S1). Interconnected elongated mica crystals within S1 are deformed by C'-type shear zones. They are overlain by garnet-bearing quartzite-mylonites and garnet-bearing mylonitic mica schists with N-S to NW-SE lineations at upper structural levels. Kośmińska et al. (2015a, Mineralogia - Special Papers, vol. 44, 61-62) determined P-T metamorphic conditions of garnet-mica schist of 7-9 kbar and 550-650°C. The dominant population of metamorphic monazite present in

  1. Eurekan deformation on Prins Karls Forland, Svalbard - new insights from Ar40/Ar39 muscovite dating

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faehnrich, Karol; Schneider, David; Manecki, Maciej; Czerny, Jerzy; Myhre, Per Inge; Majka, Jarosław; Kośmińska, Karolina; Barnes, Christopher; Maraszewska, Maria

    2017-04-01

    Eurekan deformation has been proven to be a complex sequence of tectonic episodes, dominated by compression in the Circum Arctic region. It was associated with early Cenozoic collision of Eurasia, North America and Greenland plates producing fold-thrust belt style of deformation. Timing of this enigmatic event has not yet been extensively resolved by radiometric dating (Piepjohn et al. 2016, Journal of the Geological Society, 173(6), 1007-1024). Reinhardt et al. (2013, Z. Dt. Ges. Geowiss., 164 (1), 131-147) dated syn-tectonic volcanic ashes at c. 60 Ma and 54 Ma on Ellesmere Island, Canada. Tagner et al. (2011, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 303(3), 203-214) interpreted c. 49-47 Ma 40Ar/39Ar ages on trachyte flows in northern Greenland as peak compression during the Eurekan event. On Svalbard, Tessensohn et al. (2001, Geologisches Jahrbuch, B 91, 83-104) reported K/Ar whole rock ages ranging from c. 67 to 49 Ma for the slates from Svartfjella-Eidembukta-Daudmannsodden Lineament. Bentonite layers in the Central Tertiary Basin are as young as c. 56 Ma (Charles et al. 2011, Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 12, 1-19), predating latest deformation. Moreover, Barnes et al (2017, in prep.) applied (U-Th)/He thermochronology along the western margin of Svalbard and resolved Early to Middle Eocene heating, likely documenting burial related to thrusting. Here we present new results from 40Ar/39Ar muscovite dating of ductile to brittle shear zone on Prins Karls Forland, Svalbard, indicating Eurekan age of thrusting. Prins Karls Forland is dominated by Neoproterozoic siliciclastic metasediments (comprising Caledonian basement) regionally metamorphosed to greenschist facies conditions. A ˜1 km wide ductile to brittle shear zone (the Bouréefjellet shear zone) separates the amphibolite facies Pinkie Unit from the lower grade upper structural unit, the Grampianfjella Formation (Faehnrich et al. 2016, EGU 2016). The age of the amphibolite facies metamorphism (c. 370-355 Ma

  2. Volume Measurements of Laser-generated Pits for In Situ Geochronology using KArLE (Potassium-Argon Laser Experiment)

    Science.gov (United States)

    French, R. A.; Cohen, B. A.; Miller, J. S.

    2014-01-01

    The Potassium-Argon Laser Experiment( KArLE), is composed of two main instruments: a spectrometer as part of the Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) method and a Mass Spectrometer (MS). The LIBS laser ablates a sample and creates a plasma cloud, generating a pit in the sample. The LIBS plasma is measured for K abundance in weight percent and the released gas is measured using the MS, which calculates Ar abundance in mols. To relate the K and Ar measurements, total mass of the ablated sample is needed but can be difficult to directly measure. Instead, density and volume are used to calculate mass, where density is calculated based on the elemental composition of the rock (from the emission spectrum) and volume is determined by pit morphology. This study aims to reduce the uncertainty for KArLE by analyzing pit volume relationships in several analog materials and comparing methods of pit volume measurements and their associated uncertainties.

  3. [Anorexia nervosa in light of Karl Jaspers and Erich Fromm's ideas and social constructivism--hypotheses and thoughts].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Talarczyk, Małgorzata

    2012-01-01

    The point of the article is to analyse and reflect on certain symptoms of anorexia nervosa in light of Karl Jaspers and Erich Fromm's ideas and social constructivism. Contemplating the disorder in view of the philosophical ideas mentioned earlier, the author analyses such aspects of patients as: functioning on the verge of life and death, the paradoxical struggle to escape from freedom in search of independence, as well as various understandings and descriptions of anorexia in consideration of social constructivism. The author shares thoughts and poses hypotheses, trying to view anorexia in light of selected philosophical and psychological ideas, which in their general assumptions were not concerned with defining nor analysing anorexia nervosa. In view of Karl Jaspers' ideas, the author focuses on the so called 'limit-situations', in the ideas of Erich Fromm she takes notice in "Escape from Freedom" to new relations. Finally in the light of social constructivism the author focuses on the cultural context.

  4. Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) and Karl Köller (1857-1944) and the discovery of local anesthesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    dos Reis, Almiro

    2009-01-01

    The understanding, occasionally recognized, that Sigmund Freud had the intuition to use cocaine as local anesthetic for surgical procedures, or even that he played any role in the discovery of local anesthesia is not true. The objective of Freud's studies were different, and based in irrefutable evidence, Karl Köller was the real inventor of local anesthesia. In face of those facts, proper knowledge of this historically important subject is due. This report refers to the long-known properties of cocaine. It also remembers personal data, and the professional and scientific activities of Sigmund Freud and Karl Köller. It presents Freud's researches on the pathophysiological effects of cocaine. It exposes the reasons for the harsh criticism of Freud's concepts. It describes the sudden, but conscious and justified, idea of Karl Köller to study scientifically the use of cocaine as a local anesthetic in animals and humans. It indicates how those pioneering studies, that culminated with the discovery of local anesthesia by Köller and two presentations in Vienna on the subject, were done. It also reports the first ophthalmologic surgery under local anesthesia. It shows the immediate dissemination throughout the world of the discovery that marked the beginning of regional blocks. It comments several documents corroborating the role of Köller in this discovery. And, finally, it mentions the numerous homages received by Köller in different areas of the world. COCLUSIONS: Regional block was introduced by Karl Köller in 1884, when he demonstrated the feasibility of performing painless ophthalmologic surgeries by using cocaine as a local anesthetic. Sigmund Freud studied cocaine extensively, but he did not have direct participation in this important discovery.

  5. En skånsk familie mellem dansk og svensk: Ramel til Bækkeskov

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johansen, Jens Chr.

    2012-01-01

    En personalhistorisk diskussion af familien og dens relationer til de to krigsførende lande i tiden omkring Karl Gustav-krigene og senere......En personalhistorisk diskussion af familien og dens relationer til de to krigsførende lande i tiden omkring Karl Gustav-krigene og senere...

  6. Karl Gustaf Torsten Sjögren and the Sjögren-Larsson syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khalid Al Aboud

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Karl Gustaf Torsten Sjögren (1896-1974 a Swedish psychiatrist and geneticist, was a pioneer of modern Swedish psychiatry. Sjögren studied medicine at the University of Uppsala. From 1932 to 1935, he was Head Physician and Director of Lillehagen Hospital in Gothenburg, and between 1935- 1945, he was physician-in-chief at the psychiatric department of Sahlgrenska Hospital in Gothenburg. Sjögren was professor of psychiatry at Karolinska Institutet from 1945 to 1961 and was elected to the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in 1951. Sjögren was an expert of psychiatry for the World Health Organization. Among his many contributions to medicine, he is credited for describing several medical conditions, which were later named after him, including Graefe- Sjögren syndrome, Marinesco-Sjögren syndrome, and Sjögren-Larsson syndrome (SLS. During his work on juvenile amaurotic idiocy, Sjögren forged a collaboration with Tage K.L. Larsson, a statistics lecturer at the University of Lund. Their study on the combination of oligophrenia, congenital ichthyosis, and spastic disorders in 1957 established the clinical and genetic profile of a new disease entity, later known as Sjogren-Larsson syndrome (SLS.

  7. Karl Polanyi e a Nova Sociologia Económica: Notas sobre o conceito de (disembeddedness

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    Nuno Miguel Cardoso Machado

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available No contexto da Nova Sociologia Económica, Karl Polanyi é quase consensualmente considerado o “pai” do conceito de incrustação (embeddedness. Todavia, este conceito foi alvo de uma apropriação selectiva por parte da disciplina, sendo negligenciada a sua relação com o restante edifício teórico construído por Polanyi. Pode, com efeito, falar‑se de uma “grande transformação” sofrida pelo conceito de incrustação: se em Polanyi ele está associado a um nível macro(económico e é utilizado para evidenciar o carácter excepcional da economia capitalista de mercado – que se encontra desincrustada da sociedade –, na NSE, por seu turno, é normalmente associado a um nível meso (e até micro, sendo preconizado que todas as economias – incluindo a capitalista – estão incrustadas.

  8. [Karl Jaspers. 100 years of “Allgemeine Psychopathologie” (General Psychopathology)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Häfner, H

    2013-11-01

    With his "Allgemeine Psychopathologie" (general psychopathology) published in 1913, Karl Jaspers laid a comprehensive methodological and systematic foundation in psychiatry. Following Edmund Husserl, the founder of philosophical phenomenology, Jaspers introduced "static understanding" into psychopathology, i.e. the unprejudiced reproduction of conscious phenomena. From the philosopher Wilhelm Dilthey he further adopted the distinction between causal understanding as a means of accessing nature and pathological processes and hermeneutic understanding, also called genetic understanding, as a way of accessing mental phenomena. The intrusion of an event that is incomprehensible in terms of an understandable development is seen as indicating an extraconscious phenomenon or transition to a somatic process. Jaspers opted for philosophy early in his life. After quitting law studies he graduated in medicine, arrived in psychopathology without any psychiatric training, to psychology without ever studying psychology and to a chair in philosophy without a degree in philosophy. Despite believing himself to be chronically ill and to die early, Jaspers produced a life’s work almost immeasurable in scope. He died in 1969 aged 86 years.

  9. COLDz: Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array discovery of a gas-rich galaxy in COSMOS

    CERN Document Server

    Lentati, L; Carilli, C L; Riechers, D; Capak, P; Walter, F; Aravena, M; da Cunha, E; Hodge, J A; Ivison, R J; Smail, I; Sharon, C; Daddi, E; Decarli, R; Dickinson, M; Sargent, M; Scoville, N; Smolcic, V

    2014-01-01

    The broad spectral bandwidth at mm and cm-wavelengths provided by the recent upgrades to the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array (VLA) has made it possible to conduct unbiased searches for molecular CO line emission at redshifts, z > 1.31. We present the discovery of a gas-rich, star-forming galaxy at z = 2.48, through the detection of CO(1-0) line emission in the COLDz survey, through a sensitive, Ka-band (31 to 39 GHz) VLA survey of a 6.5 square arcminute region of the COSMOS field. We argue that the broad line (FWHM ~570 +/- 80 km/s) is most likely to be CO(1-0) at z=2.48, as the integrated emission is spatially coincident with an infrared-detected galaxy with a photometric redshift estimate of z = 3.2 +/- 0.4. The CO(1-0) line luminosity is L'_CO = (2.2 +/- 0.3) x 10^{10} K km/s pc^2, suggesting a cold molecular gas mass of M_gas ~ (2 - 8)x10^{10}M_solar depending on the assumed value of the molecular gas mass to CO luminosity ratio alpha_CO. The estimated infrared luminosity from the (rest-frame) far-infrare...

  10. Ivan Karamazov’s rebellion in Albert Camus’ and Karl Jaspers’ interpretations

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    Urszula Lisowska

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to present Albert Camus’ and Karl Jaspers’ interpretations of Ivan Karamazov’s rebellion as the diagnoses of the weakness of the human intellect in confrontation with the world and the criticism of rationalism. Therefore, in the introduction I will present those fragments of the novel that characterize Ivan’s rebellion as highly abstract and theoretical. At the same time, this common literary context serves as the ground for reconstruction and comparison of the basic philosophical assumptions of each author. The intention of the remaining part of the paper is, firstly, to reconstruct A. Camus’ and K. Jaspers’ epistemology and, secondly, to analyse the arguments against Ivan’s attitude formulated by the writers. Their criticisms of the protagonist’s excessive trust in intellect is based on their own concepts of human epistemic capacity, which are related to the problems of the absurd in A. Camus’ and transcendence in K. Jaspers’ writings. The question of nihilism demands analysis of A. Camus’ idea of the nature of rebellion as both affirmative and negative, and of K. Jaspers’ notion of faith as pre-intellectual trust. Finally, their criticisms of the slogan “If there is no God, then anything is allowed” introduces the problem of freedom, which allows the comparison of the concepts of solidarity (A. Camus and communication (K. Jaspers. In the conclusion these two philosophical attitudes are discussed together. Keywords: ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;

  11. Karl Ove Knausgård’s My Struggle and the Serial Self

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    Inge van de Ven

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes Karl Ove Knausgård’s six-volume autobiography My Struggle in the frame of an emerging cross-medial aesthetics of the ‘serial self’. This aesthetics is informed by the technological potentialities of digital media, and by social media practices like taking a selfie or posting a blog every single day and accumulating these self-representations, without selection. The serial self is marked by continuity, real-time effects, open-endedness, rhythm, repetition, and a thematic attention to the mundane. It can be discerned in the daily comic strip, the daily selfie, and time-lapse cinema. The article embeds My Struggle in this larger, intermedial framework. Moreover, it refers to the work of psychologist Galen Strawson to argue that the self-representations in Knausgård’s work should be understood as episodic rather than diachronic in nature. This results in a sequential and paratactic, rather than causal and hierarchical, presentation of memorial material. It is claimed that serial self-representations of this type are increasingly central to our current media ecology. They offer a valuable medium for investigating, materializing, and mapping on the page the traces left by the passage of time, as serialization lends itself to performative and cumulative representations of a ‘self’ in flux, that dramatize and perform the struggles of the episodic personality in search for continuity.

  12. Karl R. Popper’ın Tarihsicilik Eleştirisi

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    Rıza Bakış

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Karl R. Popper XX. yüzyılın önemli bir bilim felsefecisidir ve bu alandaki temel savı yanlışlamacılık kuramı olarak bilinmektedir. Fakat düşüncesinin bütün uzanımlarında kendini ele veren ve onun sistemini oluşturan ise esasında eleştirel akılcılık kuramıdır. Tarihsicilik eleştirisi de bunlarla sistematik bağlamda ilintili olarak toplum ve siyaset felsefesi konusundaki görüşlerini ihtiva etmektedir. Birey olarak insanı merkeze alan Popper’ın, tarihsicilik konusundaki düşüncelerini Platon, Aristoteles, Marx ve Hegel gibi büyük sistem kurucu düşünürler üzerinden somutlaştırdığı, bütüncü yapılara karşı birtakım eleştiriler getirdiği görülmektedir. Biz bu makalemizde Popper’ın tarihsicilik eleştirisini özellikle Platon, Aristoteles, Hegel ve Karx’la ilintili eleştirilerini ele alıp tartıştık.

  13. Rheumatoid arthritis is caused by Proteus: the molecular mimicry theory and Karl Popper.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ebringer, Alan; Rashid, Tasha

    2009-06-01

    Rheumatoid arthritis is a crippling and disabling joint disease affecting over 20 million people. It occurs predominantly in women and smokers, and affects the HLA-DR1/4 individuals who carry the "shared epitope" of amino acids EQRRAA. The cause of this disease was investigated by the methods of the philosopher of science Karl Popper who suggested that scientific research should be based on bold conjectures and critical refutations. The "Popper sequences" generate new facts which then change or alter the original problem. The new facts must then be explained by any new theory. Using the "molecular mimicry" model, it was found that Proteus bacteria possess an amino acid sequence ESRRAL in haemolysin which resembles the, shared epitope, and another sequence in urease which resembles type XI collagen. Antibodies to Proteus bacteria have been found in 14 different countries. It would appear that rheumatoid arthritis is caused by an upper urinary tract infection by Proteus bacteria. Anti-Proteus therapy should be assessed in the management of this disease separately or in conjunction with existing modalities of therapy.

  14. Sir Karl Popper (1902-1994): in memoriam, 15 years later.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Notturno, Mark Amadeus

    2009-12-01

    September 17th, 2009 marks the 15th anniversary of Sir Karl Popper's death. Popper was an outspoken champion of critical rationalism, and a constant critic of authoritarian tendencies in science and society. He was also one of the spiritual founders of this journal and served on its first editorial advisory board. Popper was recognized around the world as one of the 20th century's greatest philosophers of science and one of its most articulate and influential critics of Marxism and closed society. When he died, the contemporary wisdom among professional philosophers was that his philosophy was generally right-but somehow obsolete. Some commentators said that it was now obvious that scientific theories cannot be shown to be true. Others said that we had witnessed the end of history and that his critique of closed societies, while no doubt important in its day, had been fully assimilated into Western thinking and still had meaning, if at all, only for the democracies in transition that were trying to emerge from the former Soviet Union. But 15 years after his death, a look at science and society around the world gives us good reason to remember his philosophy.

  15. [Note on the epistemology of clinical pharmacology: comparison with the approach of Karl Popper].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boissel, J P

    1999-01-01

    Is clinical pharmacology a science or only an application of science? Karl Popper suggested a method to identify science and to sort it out from other logical activities such as metaphysics, whereby the falsification criterion he proposed can apply to the theory in such a way that the theory could be refuted. The clinical pharmacologist's approach requires the build-up of a therapeutic model on the basis of two other models: the physiopathologic and the pharmacological. The three-model construct is a theory. Is it scientific in the Popperian sense? From the therapeutic model, one can predict the efficacy of a drug, and the corresponding statement is tested by a clinical trial. Whatever the original statement, it is modified into a refutable one because of the use of the statistical approach in clinical trials. Furthermore, the predicate represents a hypothesis of the model validity, which will then be confronted with 'reality' through clinical experiment. As the therapeutic model is refutable, clinical pharmacology is a science in the Popperian sense.

  16. Karl Popper versus Theodor Adorno: lições de um confronto histórico

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    Angela Ganem

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Karl Popper versus Theodor Adorno: Lessons from a historical confrontation. In 1961, during the Congress of the German Society of Sociology, two great theoretical references of the XX century faced in a historical debate about the logic of the social sciences. In addition to methodological issues strict sense, the confrontation became known as a debate between positivism and dialectic. The article first deals with the theoretical trajectories of Popper and Adorno and the relation of their theories with their political and ideological certainties. On one hand, the trajectory of the Popperian epistemology is examined, its contributions and vigorous attacks on Marx in what he called 'poverty of historicism" and false predictive Marxist world, and, on the other hand, the role of Adorno in the Frankfurt School, his criticism of totalitarianism and the defense of a critical emancipatory reason. The article also deals with the confrontation itself, the exposure of Popper's twenty-seven theses that culminate with the situation logic and the method of the economy as exemplary for the social sciences and Adorno's critical perspective of sociology and society as non-separable objects. In conclusion we show how the articulation of theory with the weltanschauung of each author helps to clarify the terms of the debate and how the confrontation contributed unequivocally to the dynamics of scientific progress and for the critical history of the ideas.

  17. A Historical Survey of Sir Karl Popper's Contribution to Quantum Mechanics

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    William M. Shields

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Sir Karl Popper (1902-1994, though not trained as a physicist and embarrassed early in his career by a physics error pointed out by Einstein and Bohr, ultimately made substantial contributions to the interpretation of quantum mechanics. As was often the case, Popper initially formulated his position by criticizing the views of others - in this case Niels Bohr and Werner Heisenberg. Underlying Popper's criticism was his belief that, first, the Copenhagen interpretation of quantum mechanics abandoned scientific realism and second, the assertion that quantum theory was complete (an assertion rejected by Einstein among others amounted to an unfalsifiable claim. Popper insisted that the most basic predictions of quantum mechanics should continue to be tested, with an eye towards falsification rather than mere adding of decimal places to confirmatory experiments. His persistent attacks on the Copenhagen interpretation were aimed not at the uncertainty principle itself and the formalism from which it was derived, but at the acceptance by physicists of an unclear epistemology and ontology that left critical questions unanswered.Quanta 2012; 1: 1–12.

  18. Electrochemical determination of water in environmental hydraulic fluids using the karl Fischer reaction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cedergren, A; Lundström, M

    1997-10-01

    Different procedures based on the Karl Fischer reaction were investigated with respect to their applicability for water determinations in environmental hydraulic fluids:  (i) continuous coulometry using a recently described diaphragm-free cell; (ii) on-line stripping of water at elevated temperature using either continuous coulometry or direct potentiometry for detection of the liberated water. Except for one of the oils, Statoil PA, which is a poly(α-olefin) with certain polymers added, no significant difference was found among coulometry using an optimized imidazole-buffered methanolic reagent containing 75% (v/v) chloroform, the two different stripping techniques (working in the temperature interval 100-110 °C), and the commercially available Hydranal Coulomat AG-H. The high stability and sensitivity of the coulometric technique described made it possible to work with sample amounts in the low milligram-range, and this is shown to increase the reliability of the coulometric method as compared to normally used procedures.

  19. Progress in pulsed-current Karl Fischer coulometry using diaphragm-free cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nordmark, U; Cedergren, A

    2000-07-01

    Factors influencing the accuracy of water determinations using diaphragm-free, pulsed current Karl Fischer (KF) coulometry were investigated with the new Metrohm 756 instrument. Results obtained with commercially available reagents from Riedel-deHaen and Merck were compared with home-made ones that were especially designed to minimize the formation of iodine-consuming reduction products generated in the cathode reaction. Positive errors in the range 2-5% were found for the commercial reagents as compared to 0.2-1% for the home-made ones which were buffered at about pH 10 containing modifiers like chloroform, hexanol or ethylene glycol. Except for the composition of the KF-reagent, the cathode current density and the titration rate were found to be critical parameters for the accuracy of the determinations. For all reagents investigated, the best results were obtained for the maximum generator current 400 mA (corresponding to a current density of 1,400 mA cm(-2)) in combination with a maximum titration rate of 2,000 microg min(-1). Surprisingly, the errors found under optimum conditions for the pulse technique were always somewhat larger than the corresponding values obtained with continuous coulometry.

  20. Philosophy and Theology in Karl Barth’s Neo-Orthodoxy

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    Pylaev Maksim

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available In the proposed article the author explores the concept of God’s Word in theocentric theology of K. Barth and theology of early K. Barth in times of the second edition of 'Romans’, in terms of their philosophy founding. The author compares the block of philosophical and theological topics such as the theory of temporality, dialectic concept of the beginning (Ursprung and other types in philosophical discourses used by K. Barth (platonism, neo-Kantianism, existentialism, scholasticism, phenomenological philosophy and others with theology of K. Barth. The article gives a brief reconstruction of the theology of God’s Word by K. Barth in its two complementary projections as presented in the ‘Sketch of Christian Doctrine’ and ‘Dogma of the Church’. During the presentation the reader is well acquainted with the third projection of the concept of God’s Word by K. Barth at the time of the genesis of the book ‘Fides quaerens intellectum’. The article tests the hypothesis that the second edition of the ‘Romans’, ‘Fides quaerens intellectum’ and ‘Sketch of the Christian Dogma’ with ‘Church Dogma’ explicate the form of Christian theology, which, absorbing primarily the important philosophic achievements of 19–20th centuries, yet tries to stay free of them. Using various forms of philosophical discourses Karl Barth implements his own task of building a Christian theology beyond metaphysics, history and human existence.

  1. Prison break: Karl Menninger's The Crime of Punishment and its reception in U.S. psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Devonis, David C; Triggs, Jessica

    2017-02-01

    In 1968, Karl Menninger, a highly visible and vocal U.S. psychiatrist, published a call to action on prison reform, The Crime of Punishment (Menninger, 1966/1968). This widely circulated book's central idea is that punishment as practiced in penal settings is an injustice amounting to a crime. At the outset, The Crime of Punishment quickly achieved national attention. Within mainstream psychology, its antipunishment message encountered a changed climate in which punishment, thought ineffective during the period 1930 through 1960, was redefined as an effective component in learning. It also met competition from the contemporaneous Stanford Prison Experiment (Haney, Banks, & Zimbardo, 1973), which quickly rose to equivalent media presence and superior disciplinary prominence. Both the Stanford Prison Experiment and The Crime of Punishment survived in the antireform era of hyperincarceration after 1974 as parallel examples of reform activism, one secular and one religious in character, illustrating some convergences of aim between psychology and psychiatry outside of specifically clinical issues. (PsycINFO Database Record

  2. Karl Barth’s male-female order: A kingpin of dogmatic disparity

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    Yolanda Dreyer

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available Karl Barth’s gender perspective is often analysed with reference to his so-called “theoethics” or “creational theology”. This perspective perpetuates an asymmetry in gender relations that was prevalent in Biblical times, throughout Christianity and to some extent still is visible today. He based his view on the subordination of women on an exegesis of Genesis 1:27 as “intertext” of Ephesians 5:22-23. Barth’s asymmetrical gender perspective is a product of his embedment in Western Christian tradition which in turn, is rooted in early Christian patriarchal theology. The aim of this article is to focus on Barth’s ontological reframing of the traditional understanding of the Biblical notion of human beings as created in the “image of God”. The article consists of four sections: (a Luther’s and Calvin’s gender perspectives; (b the Enlightenment failure to achieve emancipation; (c gender disparity in Reformed theology; and (d a feminist alternative.

  3. Karl R. Popper'ın Tarihsicilik Eleştirisi

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    Yrd.Doç.Dr. Rıza Bakış

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Karl R. Popper XX. yüzyılın önemli bir bilim felsefecisidir ve bu alandaki temel savı yanlışlamacılık kuramı olarak bilinmektedir. Fakat düşüncesinin bütün uzanımlarında kendini ele veren ve onun sistemini oluşturan ise esasında eleştirel akılcılık kuramıdır. Tarihsicilik eleştirisi de bunlarla sistematik bağlamda ilintili olarak toplum ve siyaset felsefesi konusundaki görüşlerini ihtiva etmektedir. Birey olarak insanı merkeze alan Popper’ın, tarihsicilik konusundaki düşüncelerini Platon, Aristoteles, Marx ve Hegel gibi büyük sistem kurucu düşünürler üzerinden somutlaştırdığı, bütüncü yapılara karşı birtakım eleştiriler getirdiği görülmektedir. Biz bu makalemizde Popper’ın tarihsicilik eleştirisini özellikle Platon, Aristoteles, Hegel ve Karx’la ilintili eleştirilerini ele alıp tartıştık.

  4. Water determination in iron oxyhydroxides and iron ores by Karl Fischer titration

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Cunha, Camila C. R. F.; da Costa, Geraldo M.

    2016-08-01

    Protohematite (Fe2-x/3(OH) x O3-x 1 ≤ x hydroxyl groups in their structures. These species were described in prior studies mainly with the aid of X-ray diffraction and Infrared spectroscopy. The existence of these phases in soils might have influence in redox processes, and they were considered as a possible water reservoir in Martian soils. In this study, we have used for the first time the Karl Fischer titration method to determine the amount of water released after heating several synthetic samples of goethite, hematite and natural iron ores at 105, 400, 600 and 900 °C. It was found that heating at 105 °C did not remove all moisture from the samples, and higher temperatures were necessary to completely remove all the absorbed water. The water contents determined at 400, 600 and 900 °C were found to be the same within the experimental errors, suggesting the inexistence of both protohematite and hydrohematite in the investigated samples. Therefore, the above-mentioned effects of these phases in soils might have to be reevaluated.

  5. Early East Asian art history in Vienna and its trajectories: Josef Strzygowski, Karl With, Alfred Salmony

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    Julia Orell

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In 1912 Josef Strzygowski founded the ‘Section for East Asian Art History’ at the University of Vienna, which attracted many students who would continue their careers in museums and at universities and thus established East Asian art history as an academic field. This paper examines these early art historical engagements with East Asian art: First, I discuss the role of East Asian art in Strzygowski’s agenda of broadening art history’s geographical scope beyond Europe and in his argument about the dominance of ‘Nordic’ artistic traditions in Europe and in Asia. Secondly, I introduce the work of two early students at the ‘Section for East Asian Art History’ in Vienna, Karl With and Alfred Salmony. Their respective approaches to East Asian art exemplify a range of methodological concerns of their time, from stylistic narratives, the concept of ars una, comparative frameworks, to ideas about cultural or national ‘purity’ in the arts, and an interest in cross-cultural adaption and transformation of motifs and symbolism.

  6. A dialética expositiva de "O Capital" de Karl Marx

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    Carlos Prado

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available

    Este artigo tem o objetivo de analisar a forma expositiva dialética de O Capital de Karl Marx. O modo de exposição utilizado por Marx segue a tradição dialética e ascende do abstrato ao concreto, da aparência para a essência. Começa no nível mais simples e vazio de conteúdo para aos poucos ir desenvolvendo as contradições, acrescentando as determinações políticas, econômicas e sociais, para assim desvelar a essência por trás das formas aparentes.

  7. Os tipos psicológicos na psicologia analítica de Carl Gustav Jung e o inventário de personalidade “Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI”: contribuições para a psicologia educacional, organizacional e clínica/The psychological types in analytical psychology of Carl Gustav Jung and the inventory of personality “Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI”: contributions for the educational, organizational and clinical psychology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luís Marcelo Alves Ramos

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available O texto apresenta os princípios da Teoria dos Tipos Psicológicos, a mais conhecida face da Psicologia Analítica do psicólogo e psiquiatra suíço Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961, bem como os fundamentos do Inventário de Personalidade “Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI”, constituído a partir da tipologia junguiana, e que vem sendo cada vez mais utilizado nos campos da Psicologia Educacional, Organizacional e Clínica. The text presents the principles of the Theory of Psychological Types, the most known face of the Analytical Psychology of the Swiss psychologist and psychiatrist Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961, as well as the fundamentals of the Inventory of Personality “Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI”, constituted from the Jungian typology, and which has been more used nowadays by Educational, Organizational and Clinical Psychology.

  8. New insights into the painting stratigraphy of L'Homme blesse by Gustave Courbet combining scanning macro-XRF and confocal micro-XRF

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reiche, Ina [Staatliche Museen zu Berlin-Preussischer Kulturbesitz, Rathgen-Forschungslabor, Berlin (Germany); Laboratoire d' Archeologie Moleculaire et Structurale, Sorbonne Universites, Univ. Paris 06, CNRS, UMR 8220, Paris (France); Eveno, Myriam; Pichon, Laurent; Laval, Eric; Mottin, Bruno [Centre de Recherche et de Restauration des Musees de France (C2RMF), Paris (France); Mueller, Katharina [Laboratoire d' Archeologie Moleculaire et Structurale, Sorbonne Universites, Univ. Paris 06, CNRS, UMR 8220, Paris (France); Calligaro, Thomas [Centre de Recherche et de Restauration des Musees de France (C2RMF), Paris (France); PSL Research University, Chimie ParisTech-CNRS, Institut de Recherche Chimie Paris, Paris (France); Mysak, Erin [Centre de Recherche et de Restauration des Musees de France (C2RMF), Paris (France); Yale University, Institute for the Preservation of Cultural Heritage, New Haven, CT (United States)

    2016-11-15

    The painting L'Homme blesse by Gustave Courbet kept at the Musee d'Orsay in Paris has been recently studied by X-ray radiography, SEM-EDX observation of paint cross sections and confocal micro-X-ray fluorescence analyses (CXRF) at locations where the cross section samples were taken. This study allowed the establishment of the paint palette used by Courbet for the three paint compositions. Eight or more paint layers could be evidenced. In the view of the complexity of this painting, further analyses using two-dimensional scanning macro-X-ray fluorescence imaging (MA-XRF) providing chemical images corresponding to the superimposition of all detectable paint layers were employed. This method is combined with CXRF for depth-resolved paint layer analysis. Large elemental maps of Hg, Cu, As, Fe, Zn, Cr, Ba, Pb and Ca were obtained by MA-XRF on the painting and are discussed in combination with depth profiles obtained by CXRF on strategic points where three painting compositions overlap. The order of three successive compositions of this painting were determined in this study. This work also highlights the benefits of using complementary imaging methods to obtain a complete three-dimensional vision of the chemistry and stratigraphy of paintings. (orig.)

  9. El libro como soporte de la experiencia visionaria en las profecías iluminadas de William Blake y el Libro Rojo de Carl Gustav Jung

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    Daniela Picón Bruno

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo reflexionamos sobre dos obras pertenecientes al mundo moderno y contemporáneo en las que el manuscrito iluminado es utilizado como soporte de registro de la experiencia visionaria: los Libros Proféticos Iluminados de William Blake (1757-1827 y el Libro Rojo de Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961. Estos autores consideraron el manuscrito iluminado como un formato más auténtico para la transmisión de sus visiones, ya que permitía superar la dimensión puramente estética del arte y convocar una síntesis entre la materia y el espíritu propio del pensamiento simbólico del neoplatonismo del siglo xii europeo. Desde esta perspectiva, indagamos en el carácter altamente espiritual que Blake y Jung confirieron a la creación artística y a la materialidad del libro como soporte de escritura y de lectura, estableciendo algunas correspondencias con las nuevas concepciones sobre el arte elaboradas en el contexto de las vanguardias europeas del siglo xx.

  10. [Blood amylase: a biological marker in irradiation accidents? Preliminary results obtained at the Gustave-Roussy Institut (GRI) and a literature review].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hennequin, C; Cosset, J M; Cailleux, P E; Girinsky, T; Ganem, G; Hubert, D; Comoy, E; Dutreix, J

    1989-01-01

    The retrospective evaluation of the dose after an irradiation accident is of paramount importance; it allows an adequate selection of patients and the most appropriate treatment can then be proposed. Classical physical dosimetry often lacks precision for dose assessment in such accidents. Cytogenetics, usually more reliable, is not 100% accurate and cannot be used in some particular instances. At the Institut Gustave-Roussy, we studied amylasemia in 15 patients who received a total body irradiation (TBI) for bone marrow grafting, at various dose levels (10, 2 and 1.35 Gy). Hyperamylasemia was found to be constant and dose-dependent. Ten additional patients given a localized irradiation of 2 Gy in the Waldeyer ring had a similar rise in amylasemia as did TBI patients who had received the same dose. In contrast, 13 patients given a pancreatic irradiation (as part of a localized abdominal irradiation) did not show any increase in amylasemia. This study seems to confirm reported data, which suggested that post-TBI hyperamylasemia is almost only related to salivary gland irradiation. Amylasemia could possibly be used as a "biological dosimeter"; however, the dose-effect relationship should be more precisely defined, as well as individual variations. Moreover, the definition of a "threshold-dose" below which hyperamylasemia can never be detected, would be of interest for radioprotection.

  11. [The Roots of Idiographic Paleontology: Karl Alfred von Zittel's Methodology and Conception of the Fossil Record].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tamborini, Marco

    2015-12-01

    This paper examines Karl Alfred von Zittel’s practice in order to uncover the roots of so-called idiographic paleontology.The great American paleontologist Stephen Jay Gould (1941–2002) defined the discipline of idiographic paleontology as illustration and description of the morphological features of extinct species. However, this approach does not investigate macroevolutionary patterns and processes. On the contrary, the paleobiological revolution of the 1970s implemented an epistemic methodology that illustrates macrovelutionary patterns and laws by combining idiographic data with a nomothetic form of explanation. This article elucidates the features of the idiographic data as well as the acquired knowledge coupled with this approach. First of all, Heinrich G. Bronn’s (1800–1862) statistical method is analyzed. Zittel’s practice arose as a reaction against the approximate conclusions reached by Bronn’s quantitative approach. Second, the details of Zittel’s methodology are described in order to bring out its peculiarities.The microscope played a pivotal role in creating and forming Zittel’s morphological data. This analysis sheds new light on the reasons behind the so-called ideographic paleontology, thus revising Gould’s historical reconstruction, as well as on the notion of paleontological data. However, even though Zittel aimed at reaching precise and stable conclusions,his data cannot be used for elucidating evolutionary mechanisms: they are scientific in a purely descriptive sense, but completely useless for biological investigations. Finally, this paper examines how Zittel’s methodology affects the contemporary paleobiological enterprise and thereby reflects upon the notion of natural history.

  12. Evaluation of Karl Storz CMAC Tip™ device versus traditional airway suction in a cadaver model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lipe, Demis N; Lindstrom, Randi; Tauferner, Dustin; Mitchell, Christopher; Moffett, Peter

    2014-07-01

    We compared the efficacy of Karl Storz CMAC Tip™ with inline suction to CMAC with traditional suction device in cadaveric models simulating difficult airways, using media mimicking pulmonary edema and vomit. This was a prospective, cohort study in which we invited emergency medicine faculty and residents to participate. Each participant intubated 2 cadavers (one with simulated pulmonary edema and one with simulated vomit), using CMAC with inline suction and CMAC with traditional suction. Thirty emergency medicine providers performed 4 total intubations each in a crossover trial comparing the CMAC with inline suction and CMAC with traditional suction. Two intubations were performed with simulated vomit and two with simulated pulmonary edema. The primary outcome was time to successful intubation; and the secondary outcome was proportion of successful intubation. The median time to successful intubation using the CMAC with inline suction versus traditional suction in the pulmonary edema group was 29s and 30s respectively (p=0.54). In the vomit simulation, the median time to successful intubation was 40s using the CMAC with inline suction and 41s using the CMAC with traditional suction (p=0.70). There were no significant differences in time to successful intubation between the 2 devices. Similarly, the proportions of successful intubation were also not statistically significant between the 2 devices. The proportions of successful intubations using the inline suction were 96.7% and 73.3%, for the pulmonary edema and vomit groups, respectively. Additionally using the handheld suction device, the proportions for the pulmonary edema and vomit group were 100% and 66.7%, respectively. CMAC with inline suction was no different than CMAC with traditional suction and was associated with no statistically significant differences in median time to intubation or proportion of successful intubations.

  13. Metagabbro associated with the shear zone on Prins Karls Forland (Svalbard, Arctic)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maraszewska, Maria; Manecki, Maciej; Czerny, Jerzy; Schneider, David; Myhre, Per Inge; Faehnrich, Karol; Barnes, Christopher

    2016-04-01

    Prins Karls Forland (PKF) is a N-S elongated island situated west of Spitsbergen in the Svalbard archipelago, High Arctic. The northern part of the island is dominated by siliciclastic metasediments regionally metamorphosed to greenshist facies assemblages during one distinct stage of tectonism. Amphibolite facies garnet-mica schists, mica schists, quartzites and carbonate-silicate rocks exhibiting evidence of at least two distinct, strong deformation episodes (including mylonitization) locally outcrop on the east coast of PKF, termed the Pinkie Unit. A ~1 km wide shear zone containing ductile to brittle structures and distinct outcrops of greenstones (metagabbros and greenschists), associated with magnetite ore, separates these two contrasting tectonic units. Ten samples of greenstones were collected on the slopes of Lauratzonfjellet and Boureefjellet for petrologic and geochemical analyses. Despite intense localized shearing, the metagabbros are undeformed and preserve coarse crystalline, magmatic texture, which is locally poikilitic. The primary magmatic assemblage consists of brown hornblende, plagioclase, biotite and opaque minerals, with accessory apatite and titanite. No relicts of pyroxenes are preserved. Formation of secondary uralite, sericite and chlorite is observed. Metamorphic assemblage consists of actinolite pseudomorhs after hornblende, epidote, and second generation biotite. Blue amphibole is observed in one sample from Boureefjellet; greenschists from Boureefjellet also contain fibrous blue amphibole, as well as garnets, actinolite, epidote and biotite. Some rocks sampled on Boureefjellet are more strongly deformed and exhibit probably two stages of metamorphism: amphibolite facies metamorphism resulting in blue amphibole-garnet assemblage followed by greenschist facies metamorphism resulting in actinolite-epidote-biotite paragenesis. Parallel and overlapping patterns on chondrite-normalized REE diagrams and spider diagrams indicate that these

  14. Karl Abraham, Sigmund Freud, and the fate of the seduction theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Good, M I

    1995-01-01

    Even after Freud had turned his attention away from the seduction theory of neurosogenesis, his close pupil and colleague, Karl Abraham, initially sought to investigate child sexual trauma further. In two of the very first articles on child sexual molestation, Abraham proposed that sexual abuse was particularly common among neurotic and psychotic patients as a result of a "traumatophilic diathesis," a trauma-related conceptual precursor of the repetition compulsion. In their correspondence, Freud trenchantly criticized many aspects of Abraham's papers on the subject of sexual trauma, in contrast to his public endorsement of Abraham's work in this area. For largely transferential reasons that this paper attempts to elucidate, Abraham did not encourage dialogue regarding persistent questions on the seduction issue, ceased publishing on that topic, and for some time controlled his apparently deep rankle over Freud's criticisms and failure to acknowledge Abraham's contribution to the concept of the repetition compulsion. Despite their close friendship and shared intellectual enthusiasm, Freud's response to Abraham's 1907 papers, as well as Abraham's almost uniformly positive disposition toward Freud, apparently prevented Abraham from further developing his observations and ideas on seduction and also lent background to their later clash. Subsequently, there was virtually no further psychoanalytic investigation of the subject of child sexual abuse until the issue arose briefly with Ferenczi in the early 1930s, and only occasionally after that for the next fifty years. The death of Abraham, and then Ferenczi, shortly after disputes with Freud may be among the factors that had an inhibiting effect on an earlier reconsideration of the seduction theory by others. Abraham's previously unheralded concept of traumatophilia has relevance to current clinical controversy regarding constitution and sexual trauma.

  15. Conditions for accurate Karl Fischer coulometry using diaphragm-free cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nordmark, U; Cedergren, A

    2000-01-01

    Factors influencing the extent of formation of oxidizable reduction products in coulometric cells used for Karl Fischer (KF) determination of water were investigated. For methanolic KF reagents buffered with imidazole (Im) or diethanolamine (DEA) (separately or in combination), three parameters were found to be of outmost importance: the cathodic current density, the pH, and the concentration of protonated base (ImH+ or DEAH+). For reagents buffered with only Im, the relative formation of oxidizable reduction products varied in the range 2-40%; i.e., 51-70 micrograms of water was found for a 50 micrograms water sample, depending on the above-mentioned parameters. The lowest values were observed for reagents having a pH around 10 in combination with cathodic current densities in the range 2000-5000 mA cm-2. For all the Imbuffered reagents investigated, the addition of modifiers such as chloroform, hexanol, and carbon tetrachloride was found to decrease the formation of oxidizable reduction products significantly. For example, a reagent buffered at pH 10 containing 1 M hexanol gave less than 0.3% formation in the current density interval from 200 to 4000 mA cm-2. The best reagents based on the above-mentioned modifiers were tested in the continuous coulometric mode with errors typically in the interval 0-0.5% using optimum conditions. One prerequisite for obtaining such small errors with diaphragm-free continuous coulometry is to use a cathode area no larger than 0.002 cm2. For some of the reagents based on both Im and DEA, the formation of oxidizable reduction products was close to zero at certain current densities, although the analytical performance was not as good as for the reagents buffered solely by Im due to longer conditioning and titration times.

  16. Sense and reliability. A conversation with celebrated psychologist Karl E. Weick. Interview by Diane L. Coutu.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weick, Karl E

    2003-04-01

    Most of us see the organizations we operate in--our schools or companies, for instance--as monolithic and predictable, subjecting us to deadening routines and demanding dehumanizing conformity. But companies are more unpredictable and more alive than we imagine, according to Karl Weick, a psychology professor at the University of Michigan and an expert on organizational behavior. Weick says executives can learn a lot about managing the unexpected from organizations that can't afford surprises in the workplace--nuclear plants, firefighting units, or emergency rooms, for instance. In this conversation with HBR senior editor Diane Coutu, Weick examines the characteristics of these high-reliability organizations (HROs) and suggests ways that other organizations can implement their practices and philosophies. The key difference between high-reliability organizations and other companies is the mindfulness with which people in most HROs react to even very weak signs that some kind of change or danger is approaching. For instance, nuclear-plant workers Weick has studied immediately readjust dials and system commands when an automated system doesn't respond as expected. Weick contrasts this with Ford's inability to pick up on weak signs in the 1970s that there were lethal problems with the design of the Pinto gas tank. HROs are fixated on failure. They eschew plans and blueprints, looking instead for the details that might be missing. And they refuse to simplify reality, Weick says. Indeed, by cultivating broad work experiences and enlarging their repertoires, generalist executives can avoid getting paralyzed by "cosmology episodes"--events that make people feel as though the universe is no longer a rational, orderly system.

  17. El Marx de Dussel: Notas acerca de la recepción dusseliana de la obra teórica de Karl Marx The Marx of Dussel: Notes on dusselian receipt of the theoretical work of Karl Marx

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flavio Hernán Teruel

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available A partir de su exilio en México, a mediados de la década del setenta del siglo pasado, Enrique Dussel se entrega a la tarea de "leer seria y directamente" la obra teórica de Karl Marx producida entre los años 1857 y 1882. Al cabo de diez semestres de arduo trabajo, el resultado es una interpretación novedosa de las cuatro redacciones de El Capital. En efecto, ante los ojos de Dussel la obra maestra de Karl Marx se revela no solo como un tratado de economía sino antes bien como uno de antropología y ética. Marx, afirma Dussel, "deconstruye la economía capitalista críticamente y la reconstruye antropológica y éticamente". Asimismo, Dussel descubre que la producción teórica de Marx quedó inconclusa y, sobre todo, abierta a futuros desarrollos. Para el filósofo mendocino es necesario, en nuestro tiempo, no solo reinterpretar la totalidad de la obra de Marx sino también continuar su labor teórica, en especial desde América Latina, para el estudio del capitalismo periférico latinoamericano. Nuestro interés es indicar aquellos elementos que constituyen lo novedoso en la interpretación dusseliana de la obra teórica de Marx.From his exile in Mexico in the mid seventies of last century, Enrique Dussel is given the task of "reading seriously and directly" the theoretical work of Karl Marx produced between 1857 and 1882. After ten semesters of hard work, the result is a novel interpretation of the four drafts of The Capital. Indeed, in the eyes of Dussel, the masterpiece of Karl Marx is revealed not only as an economic treatise but rather as an anthropology and ethics. Marx "capitalist economy critically deconstructs and reconstructs anthropological and ethically". Moreover, Dussel finds that the theoretical yield of Marx was inconclusive and, above all, open to future developments. For the philosopher is needed in our time, not only reinterpret the whole work of Marx but also to continue his theoretical work, especially from Latin

  18. 'Projecting the future in German art historiography of the nineteenth century: Franz Kugler, Karl Schnaase, and Gottfried Semper'

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henrik Karge

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available In the mid-nineteenth century Franz Kugler and Karl Schnaase decisively shaped the conception of art history as a discipline. Both explored connections between art of former epochs and that of the present. They understood the art of their day to be the result of a tradition of modernity based on the Renaissance and pointing into the future. Schnaase took an evolutionistic view similar to that of the architect Gottfried Semper: both advised against planning a programmatic new style. For Semper, the potential of new developments lay in the continuation of design patterns inherited from the earliest humans.

  19. The democratic origins of the term "group analysis": Karl Mannheim's "third way" for psychoanalysis and social science.

    OpenAIRE

    Winship, G.

    2003-01-01

    It is well known that Foulkes acknowledged Karl Mannheim as the\\ud first to use the term ‘group analysis’. However, Mannheim’s work is\\ud otherwise not well known. This article examines the foundations of\\ud Mannheim’s sociological interest in groups using the Frankfurt\\ud School (1929–1933) as a start point through to the brief correspondence\\ud of 1945 between Mannheim and Foulkes (previously\\ud unpublished). It is argued that there is close conjunction between\\ud Mannheim’s and Foulkes’s r...

  20. O dilema da Social-Democracia (2) - Reforma e Revolução: Bernstein, Rosa Luxemburgo e Karl Kautsky

    OpenAIRE

    Antonio Ozaí da Silva

    2011-01-01

    Análise do “Bernstein-Debatte”, os argumentos revisionistas e a crítica de Rosa Luxemburgo e Karl Kautsky e os rumos da social-democracia alemã entre a prática reformista e a retóric...

  1. [The Karl-Sudhoff-Institute in Leipzig and the academic discipline history of medicine in the GDR].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kästner, Ingrid

    2014-01-01

    Developmental trends, focus of research and the methods by which work in the field of the History of Medicine was organised in the German Democratic Republic (East Germany) is presented through the example of the Karl Sudhoff Institute in Leipzig, the largest Institute for the study of the History of Medicine in the GDR. The article follows the succession of the Directors, and includes, in addition to descriptions of research and publishing activities, appendices on the work of the Society for the History of Medicine in the German Democratic Republic as well as the historical medical collections.

  2. O dilema da Social-Democracia (2 - Reforma e Revolução: Bernstein, Rosa Luxemburgo e Karl Kautsky

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Ozaí da Silva

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available

    Análise do “Bernstein-Debatte”, os argumentos revisionistas e a crítica de Rosa Luxemburgo e Karl Kautsky e os rumos da social-democracia alemã entre a prática reformista e a retórica revolucionária. 

  3. A Trajetória do Pensamento Econômico de Karl Marx

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Inez Rocha Zacarias

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available A construção do pensamento científico de Karl Marx está assentada nas grandes transformações societárias ocorridas no século XVIII, a partir da revolução industrial, das mudanças do modo de produção dominante e das erupções políticas revolucionárias que marcaram o Velho Continente, notadamente na Inglaterra e na França. A natureza do materialismo histórico-dialético só pode ser explicada pelas influências advindas da filosofia hegeliana, do socialismo utópico francês e da economia clássica inglesa. Estas escolas do pensamento, predominantes num período pós-Revolução Burguesa, foram objetos de estudo incansável de Marx, sendo dessa forma fundamentais para compreender a formação do pensamento desse autor. Esse artigo está centrado no seu pensamento econômico, para o qual a Escola Clássica foi fundamental. É reconhecido que o grande estímulo que provocou Marx a percorrer o caminho dos estudos econômicos foi a sua sensibilidade com os problemas gerados pela questão social, já demasiadamente manifestos nos seus primeiros escritos, enquanto jornalista da Gazeta Renana. Contudo, foram os clássicos da economia inglesa que, somados ao contexto econômico-social que se formava principalmente no país que serviu de berço para ascensão do capitalismo a Inglaterra que lhe forneceram os subsídios necessários para a construção da sua crítica da economia política, que culminou na sua principal obra, O Capital, publicada em 1867, considerada até os dias atuais umas das mais importantes obras econômicas de todos os tempos.

  4. Determination of kinetics of the karl Fischer reaction based on coulometry and true potentiometry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cedergren, A

    1996-03-01

    A new measurement technique based on a combination of coulometry and zero-current potentiometry is described for determination of the kinetics of rapidly reacting Karl Fischer (KF) reagents. This makes it possible to determine the order as well as the rate constant for large variations in the concentrations of iodine and water present during a titration. It was shown that for imidazole-based methanolic reagents exposed to a large variation in the concentration of water, the KF reaction is first order with respect to iodine, sulfur dioxide, and water only for reagents in which the concentration of nonprotonated imidazole is very low. The rate constant determined for such a reagent (1 M imidazole, 0.8 M sulfur dioxide, 0.1 M iodine) was equal to that reported earlier in the literature. Regions showing first-order kinetics were also found for low concentrations of water when imidazole concentrations up to 2 mol/L were used, provided that these reagents had a quotient [Im](free)/[ImH(+)] around 4. In the interval 2-8 mol/L of imidazole, the order of the reaction with respect to iodine was, in most cases, one-half, while it was changed to between one-half and one with respect to water. The rate of the KF reaction was found to increase by nearly 5 orders of magnitude for a reagent in which the concentration of nonprotonated imidazole was increased from 0 (rate constant equal to 2.6 × 10(3) L(2) mol(-)(2) s(-)(1)) to about 7 mol/L. For most of these reagents, a recovery rate close to 100% was attained. A high concentration of nonprotonated imidazole in combination with a high concentration of sulfur dioxide could, however, lead to a change in stoichiometry of the KF reaction when larger amounts of water were determined (250 μg of water added to 3.4 mL of reagent solution). A reaction scheme is proposed which might explain this change in stoichiometry observed for some reagent compositions. By use of the described most rapidly reacting reagents, it was shown to be

  5. Coulometric Karl Fischer titration of trace water in diaphragm-free cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larsson, William; Cedergren, Anders

    2005-03-15

    Factors influencing the accuracy and precision for diaphragm-free Karl Fischer coulometric determinations of low mug-amounts of water have been studied using the Metrohm 756 (pulsed current) coulometer and eight different types of commercial coulometric reagents and some modifications of these. As in the case of diaphragm-free coulometric titration of large amounts of water, the positive errors, due to the formation of oxidizable reduction products (of sulfur dioxide) in the cathode reaction (besides hydrogen), were found to be minimized by the use of highest possible pulse current (in the range 100-400mA) in combination with the fastest possible titration rate. Most accurate (102-103%) and precise results (typical relative standard deviation 1.8%) were obtained for reagents containing very large concentrations of imidazole in combination with the presence of modifiers like hexanol, chloroform and propylene glycol (i.e. the HYDRA-POINT reagents). Similar results were obtained when this type of reagent was mixed 60/40 with xylene according to the ASTM recommendation for water determinations in petroleum products like crude and lubricating oils. Addition of decanol to this type of reagent mixture was found to reduce the influence from the oxidative reduction products significantly. A reduction of the error from 3.6% relative to 1.6% was achieved by addition of 9% (v/v) of decanol to a 60/40 reagent mixture of HYDRA-POINT Coulometric Gen (containing hexanol as modifier) and xylene. For larger concentrations of decanol the pulse current had to be lowered to 100mA and this might explain why no further improvement was observed. An additional attempt to minimize the interference by lowering the concentration of sulfur dioxide in the reagents gave no significant effect. However, by means of a home-built computer-controlled coulometric instrumentation based on continuous instead of pulsed current (including a large cathodic current density) it was possible to achieve

  6. On psychodynamics of personal value-judgements - Nietzsche's theory of resentment and its reception by Karl Jaspers and Kurt Schneider.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bormuth, Matthias

    2009-06-01

    A hundred years ago when Karl Jaspers was introducing psychological understanding to psychiatry the founder of the school of Heidelberg spoke of Friedrich Nietzsche as one of the "greatest" psychologists. Especially his theory of resentment with its core thesis unconscious prejudices were influencing our behaviour was able to illuminate the complex structure of human will. Taking into account this horizon of psychiatric history of ideas the presentation wants to persecute the following three questions: 1) Why the postulate which Nietzsche was giving on cultural prejudices of our thoughts, feelings and acts was so provocative so that many of the classical thinkers of psychological understanding were taking it up according to the needs of their disciplines sociology, psychology, psychiatry and philosophy? 2) What were the results of this inspiring theory which could be especially seen in the works of Karl Jaspers and Kurt Schneider? In other words: What were the aspects in which they agreed in their reception of Nietzsche and what were the points in which the two psychiatrists of the school of Heidelberg differed in the way they took the theory of resentment into account for their psychological understanding? 3) What could be the actual significance of the historical fact that Nietzsche and in his footsteps Max Weber were taking deep influence on psychiatric thinking around 1900?

  7. According to German Finance Minister Dr. Theodor Karl Helfferich “The Causes of of The First World War”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustafa ÇOLAK

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In history mankind has experienced the most devastating experience during the years of the First World War. This pre-war and war in the later stages of a decision taken individually, even thousands, even millions of lives have been directly or indirectly affected. Experiencing the process and outcome of the war rather than the causes of human history has so much more busy. Therefore, the cause of the war which works popularity continues even today. Concerning the reasons for the war period, written by the German Finance Minister Dr. Helfferich especially in England, including working with its allies in the war of public opinion in the state has led to many discussions concerning the reasons. Dr. Helfferich’s “The Beginning of Great War”; “German’s Case in The Supreme Court of Civilization”; was published under the title of The New York Times by the Fatherland company in 1915. Dr. Karl Helfferich’s study has been translated in different languages in following period. Keywords: Dr. Theodor Karl Helfferich, The First World War, Reşid Safvet Atabinen, Ottoman Empire, Germany.

  8. Comparison between amperometric and true potentiometric end-point detection in the determination of water by the Karl Fischer method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cedergren, A

    1974-06-01

    A rapid and sensitive method using true potentiometric end-point detection has been developed and compared with the conventional amperometric method for Karl Fischer determination of water. The effect of the sulphur dioxide concentration on the shape of the titration curve is shown. By using kinetic data it was possible to calculate the course of titrations and make comparisons with those found experimentally. The results prove that the main reaction is the slow step, both in the amperometric and the potentiometric method. Results obtained in the standardization of the Karl Fischer reagent showed that the potentiometric method, including titration to a preselected potential, gave a standard deviation of 0.001(1) mg of water per ml, the amperometric method using extrapolation 0.002(4) mg of water per ml and the amperometric titration to a pre-selected diffusion current 0.004(7) mg of water per ml. Theories and results dealing with dilution effects are presented. The time of analysis was 1-1.5 min for the potentiometric and 4-5 min for the amperometric method using extrapolation.

  9. The Franck-Hertz Experiments, 1911-1914 Experimentalists in Search of a Theory. With an appendix, "On the History of our Experiments on the Energy Exchange between Slow Electrons and Atoms" by Gustav Hertz

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gearhart, Clayton A.

    2014-09-01

    In 1911, James Franck and Gustav Hertz began a collaboration to investigate the nature of collisions of slow electrons with gas molecules that led to a series of carefully planned and executed experiments, culminating in their discovery of inelastic collisions of electrons with mercury vapor atoms in 1914. This paper tells the story of their collaboration and the eventual reinterpretation of their results as a confirmation of Niels Bohr's new atomic theory, largely as a result of experiments done in North America during the Great War.

  10. The Franck-Hertz Experiments, 1911-1914 Experimentalists in Search of a Theory - With an appendix, "On the History of our Experiments on the Energy Exchange between Slow Electrons and Atoms" by Gustav Hertz

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gearhart, Clayton A.

    2014-09-01

    In 1911, James Franck and Gustav Hertz began a collaboration to investigate the nature of collisions of slow electrons with gas molecules that led to a series of carefully planned and executed experiments, culminating in their discovery of inelastic collisions of electrons with mercury vapor atoms in 1914. This paper tells the story of their collaboration and the eventual reinterpretation of their results as a confirmation of Niels Bohr's new atomic theory, largely as a result of experiments done in North America during the Great War.

  11. A Psicologia da Religião Ocidental e Oriental: a influência do círculo de Eranos no atendimento da religião na perspectiva de Carl Gustav Jung

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    Luiz Henrique Lemos

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available LEMOS, Luiz Henrique. A Psicologia da religião Ocidental e Oriental: a influência do círculo de Eranos no atendimento da religião na perspectiva de Carl Gustav Jung. 2013. 127f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Ciências da Religião – Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Minas Gerais, Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciências da Religião, Belo Horizonte.

  12. Os tipos psicológicos na psicologia analítica de Carl Gustav Jung e o inventário de personalidade “Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI)”: contribuições para a psicologia educacional, organizacional e clínica/The psychological types in analytical psychology of Carl Gustav Jung and the inventory of personality “Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI)”: contributions for the educational, organizational and clinical psychology

    OpenAIRE

    Luís Marcelo Alves Ramos

    2005-01-01

    O texto apresenta os princípios da Teoria dos Tipos Psicológicos, a mais conhecida face da Psicologia Analítica do psicólogo e psiquiatra suíço Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961), bem como os fundamentos do Inventário de Personalidade “Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI)”, constituído a partir da tipologia junguiana, e que vem sendo cada vez mais utilizado nos campos da Psicologia Educacional, Organizacional e Clínica. Palavras-chave Psicologia analítica; Teorias da personalidade; Tipos psi...

  13. Kaks grenaderi : [luuletused] / Heinrich Heine ; tlk. August Sang, Ellen Niit, Karl Eduard Sööt, Gustav Wulff-Õis, Minni Nurme, Märt Pukits, Anna Haava, Debora Vaarandi, Jaan Kross, August Annist, Jaan Kärner, Martin Lipp, Jakob Tamm, Eduard Lud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Heine, Heinrich, 1797-1856

    2006-01-01

    Sisu: Kaks grenaderi ; Ärasõit ; Emale ; "See oli lahkel lehekuul..." ; "Mu silmaveest sigivad lilled..." ; "Su nägu armast, ilusat..." ; "Sääl kõrgel liikumata..." ; "Sind kannan laulu tiivul..." ; "Õrn lootoslill end varjab..." ; "Maailm on juhm, ja juhmimaks..." ; "Kui teaksid lilled aasal..." ; Lüüriline intermetso ; "Maast särava päikese poole..." ; "On suvi nüüd, õhetav suvi..." ; "Näen unes sind ma öösiti..." ; "Puil sügistuul raputab oksi..." ; "Kord mu hämarasse ellu..." ; "Mis peaks küll tähendama..." ; "Sa, kaunis kaluritütar..." ; "Kuu tõusnud kulla karva..." ; "Kuu kui hiiglapomerants..." ; "Öö ligines... Õhtu eha sees..." ; "Ma kaugel horisondil..." ; "Öö vaikuses on linn kõik vaga..." ; "Küll aastad tulevad, kaovad..." ; "Kuu paistis kurvalt - nii nägin und..." ; "Ilm arvab armuvalus..." ; "See, kes esmakordselt armub..." ; "Suveõhtu hämardumas..." ; "Öö on teel... Silm ette vaatab..." ; "Kus on nüüd see kullakene..." ; Mäeidüll ; "Kui sa valge puu all istud..." ; "Jälle süda unest ärkab..." ; "Nägin haldjaid kihutamas..." ; "Ülal tähed kuldseil jalgel..." ; Seraphine : "Öö on mustad tiivad laotand..." ; "Nii vaikselt viirab merepind..." ; "Hämar öö on üle mere..." ; "Kui oleks ta kullast, nii sädeleb..." ; Hortense : "Me tänavanurgal seisime ; "Ei kaua petnud mind see õnn..." ; Klarisse : "On hilja, mis sa naerad mulle..." ; Anno 1839 ; Kus? ; Saladus ; Laatsarus : Surija ; Targad tähed ; Saksamaa ; Elusõit. Eluloolisi andmeid autori kohta lk. 459

  14. Kaks grenaderi : [luuletused] / Heinrich Heine ; tlk. August Sang, Ellen Niit, Karl Eduard Sööt, Gustav Wulff-Õis, Minni Nurme, Märt Pukits, Anna Haava, Debora Vaarandi, Jaan Kross, August Annist, Jaan Kärner, Martin Lipp, Jakob Tamm, Eduard Lud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Heine, Heinrich, 1797-1856

    2006-01-01

    Sisu: Kaks grenaderi ; Ärasõit ; Emale ; "See oli lahkel lehekuul..." ; "Mu silmaveest sigivad lilled..." ; "Su nägu armast, ilusat..." ; "Sääl kõrgel liikumata..." ; "Sind kannan laulu tiivul..." ; "Õrn lootoslill end varjab..." ; "Maailm on juhm, ja juhmimaks..." ; "Kui teaksid lilled aasal..." ; Lüüriline intermetso ; "Maast särava päikese poole..." ; "On suvi nüüd, õhetav suvi..." ; "Näen unes sind ma öösiti..." ; "Puil sügistuul raputab oksi..." ; "Kord mu hämarasse ellu..." ; "Mis peaks küll tähendama..." ; "Sa, kaunis kaluritütar..." ; "Kuu tõusnud kulla karva..." ; "Kuu kui hiiglapomerants..." ; "Öö ligines... Õhtu eha sees..." ; "Ma kaugel horisondil..." ; "Öö vaikuses on linn kõik vaga..." ; "Küll aastad tulevad, kaovad..." ; "Kuu paistis kurvalt - nii nägin und..." ; "Ilm arvab armuvalus..." ; "See, kes esmakordselt armub..." ; "Suveõhtu hämardumas..." ; "Öö on teel... Silm ette vaatab..." ; "Kus on nüüd see kullakene..." ; Mäeidüll ; "Kui sa valge puu all istud..." ; "Jälle süda unest ärkab..." ; "Nägin haldjaid kihutamas..." ; "Ülal tähed kuldseil jalgel..." ; Seraphine : "Öö on mustad tiivad laotand..." ; "Nii vaikselt viirab merepind..." ; "Hämar öö on üle mere..." ; "Kui oleks ta kullast, nii sädeleb..." ; Hortense : "Me tänavanurgal seisime ; "Ei kaua petnud mind see õnn..." ; Klarisse : "On hilja, mis sa naerad mulle..." ; Anno 1839 ; Kus? ; Saladus ; Laatsarus : Surija ; Targad tähed ; Saksamaa ; Elusõit. Eluloolisi andmeid autori kohta lk. 459

  15. Eripedagoogid ootavad poliitilisi otsuseid / Plado, Kaja; Karlep, Karl; Ostrat, Ain; Maila, Meelika; Binsol, Hene; Kontor, Ana; küsitlenud Martin Krõlov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Eripedagoogide vestlusringis osalevad: Tartu Ülikooli eripedagoogika osakonna juhataja Kaja Plado, emeriitdotsent pedagoogikadoktor Karl Karlep, Tartu Kroonuaia Kooli direktor Ain Ostrat ja õppealajuhataja Meelike Maila, Tartu Hiie Kooli õppealajuhataja Hene Binsol ning Tartu Nõustamis- ja õpiabi keskuse juhataja Ana Kontor

  16. Eripedagoogid ootavad poliitilisi otsuseid / Plado, Kaja; Karlep, Karl; Ostrat, Ain; Maila, Meelika; Binsol, Hene; Kontor, Ana; küsitlenud Martin Krõlov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Eripedagoogide vestlusringis osalevad: Tartu Ülikooli eripedagoogika osakonna juhataja Kaja Plado, emeriitdotsent pedagoogikadoktor Karl Karlep, Tartu Kroonuaia Kooli direktor Ain Ostrat ja õppealajuhataja Meelike Maila, Tartu Hiie Kooli õppealajuhataja Hene Binsol ning Tartu Nõustamis- ja õpiabi keskuse juhataja Ana Kontor

  17. Karl Polanyi : prophète de la fin de l’économie libérale

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    Keith Hart

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available L’intérêt pour le travail de Karl Polanyi s’est renforcé avec l’avènement de la globalisation néo-libérale, et il peut encore s’accentuer étant donné la catastrophe engendrée par celle-ci. En 1944, l’ouvrage « La Grande Transformation » expliquait les difficultés rencontrées par le capitalisme entre les deux guerres. Elles résultaient en particulier de la tendance à instaurer un marché auto-régulateur depuis le 19ème siècle. La société a réagi à cette tendance pour s’y opposer. Polanyi attendait donc une réarticulation de l’économie et de la société à travers la planification sociale, mais il n’avait pas anticipé la relance de l’économie de marché sous le leadership américain. Il s’est ensuite consacré à l’économie pré-industrielle, à la fois formelle et substantive. Plus tard, son concept d’encastrement a été central dans l’émergence d’une nouvelle sociologie économique. Aujourd’hui, son analyse du capitalisme financier avant la première guerre mondiale et le désastre de l’entre deux guerres est d’une pertinence particulière.The interest for the work of Karl Polanyi has increased with the avent of neoliberal globalization and it may still increase given the catastrophies which follow. In 1944, in his book The Great Transformation, Karl Polanyi explained the difficulties encountered by capitalism between the two wars. They resulted in part from the tendency to try to establish an autoregulating market since the 19 th century. Society reacted to this and opposed this trend. Polanyi expected a rearticulation of economy and society through social planification, but he had not anticipated the development of market economy under leadership of the USA. He then went on to study preindustrial economies, from a formal and substantive point of view. Later on, his concept of embeddedness was central in the emergence of a new Economic Sociology. Today, his analysis of financial

  18. Rezension von: Karl Lenz, Marina Adler: Geschlechterverhältnisse. Einführung in die sozialwissenschaftliche Geschlechterforschung Band 1. Weinheim u.a.: Juventa Verlag 2010. — Karl Lenz, Marina Adler: Geschlechterbeziehungen. Weinheim u.a.: Juventa Verlag 2011.

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    Heike Kahlert

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Karl Lenz und Marina Adler orientieren sich in ihrem zweibändigen Lehrbuch zur sozialwissenschaftlichen Geschlechterforschung an der etablierten Unterscheidung zwischen Makro- und Mikrosoziologie. Im ersten Band werden theoretische Perspektiven der Geschlechterforschung und unterschiedliche Zusammenhänge zu Kultur nachgezeichnet sowie zentrale Themenfelder einer Sozialstrukturanalyse der Geschlechterordnung fokussiert, nämlich Recht, Politik, Bildung und Arbeit. Im zweiten Band stehen neben der Sozialisation ausgewählte Erträge der mikrosoziologischen Geschlechterforschung im Zentrum, nämlich Körper, Sexualität, persönliche Beziehungen, Devianz und Gewalt. In dieser überfälligen, informativen, sorgfältig recherchierten, aber auch vergleichsweise traditionellen und empirisch orientierten Einführung wird die Geschlechterforschung zwar in einer breiteren Diversity-Forschung verortet, das Verhältnis von Diversität und Geschlecht leider aber nicht reflektiert.

  19. [The Concept of Typology in Psychiatry in the Context of Historical Contributions of Max Weber and Karl Jaspers].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jäger, M; Becker, T; Wigand, M E

    2016-08-01

    Against the background of Max Weber's and Karl Jaspers' outstanding historical contributions to the conceptual development of different typologies, the importance of a psychiatric typology is examined. The term "ideal type" was introduced into social science by Weber as an analytical construct to describe and classify cultural phenomena. This concept was adopted for the psychiatric context by Jaspers who proposed to establish a typological system in the field of psychotic disturbances without an organic correlate. He emphasized the importance of the course of psychopathological symptoms for such a typological system. The concept of typology can be regarded as a promising heuristic approach in psychiatry, providing a classification system for complex psychopathological symptoms. Even though several historic typologies exist in psychopathology, their usefulness in the fields of therapy and prognosis needs to be critically assessed. Also, new typologies will have to be developed, taking into account neurobiological knowledge now available.

  20. Breve história da edição crítica das obras de Karl Marx

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    HUGO E. A. DA GAMA CERQUEIRA

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available RESUMOEste artigo discute as tentativas de publicar uma edição histórico-crítica das obras de Karl Marx, o Marx-Engels Gesamtausgabe (MEGA: a primeira, que foi liderada por David Riazanov na décadas de 1920 e 1930, e o segundo, a MEGA2, projeto que começou na década de 1970 e ainda está em curso de publicação. O artigo apresenta essas duas edições e discute o seu impacto sobre a interpretação do pensamento econômico e filosófico de Marx.

  1. Teología de la Evolución (II): La Llamada Creadora Trinitaria. Karl Schmitz-Moormann, 1997

    OpenAIRE

    Manuel García Doncel

    2015-01-01

    Continuamos presentando la tríada de intuiciones valiosas para elaborar una teología de la «creación en evolución» [ver PENSAMIENTO, vol. 63 (2007), pp. 605-636]. Presentamos la intuición del biólogo y teólogo católico alemán Karl Schmitz-Moormann, publicada póstumamente en 1997. Inspirado por Teilhard y su metafísica de la unión, introduce su concepto de «uni-totalidad», y observa tales uni-totalidades a lo largo del progreso evolutivo, desde las partículas subatómicas hasta las agrupaciones...

  2. Teología de la evolución (I): La autotrascendencia activa. Karl Rahner, 1961

    OpenAIRE

    Doncel, Manuel G.

    2015-01-01

    Este artículo es el primero de una tríada en la que se presentarán tres intuiciones que creemos valiosas para elaborar hoy día una rica teología de la «creación en evolución» (las otras dos serán: 2. La llamada creativa trinitaria, según Karl Schmitz-Moormann, 1997, y 3. El Espíritu como fuente de novedad, según Denis Edwards, 2004). Quisiéramos entender, a nivel filosófico y teológico, esa «cosmo-bio-evolución» que es nuestra propia «mega historia». Comenzamos hoy por preguntarnos cómo expli...

  3. A Shift of Ideology in the Translation of Karl May’s Work Und Friede auf Erden! into Indonesian Language

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    Prasuri Kuswarini

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses a shift of ideology occurred in the translation of the work of the German Author Karl May Und Friede auf Erden!  into Indonesian Language under the title Dan Damai di Bumi! (And Peace on Earth!. The method of the discourse analysis called " topique " developed by  Boltanski and Thevenot was used to find the ideology of the source text (ST. The shift of the ideology was analyzed by comparing the ST with the target text (TT using a structural approach (syntactic and semantic and by considering the role of the translators, Agus Setiadi and Hendarto Setiadi. According to the result of the analysis, the shift of ideology in the translation of Und Friede auf Erden! into Indonesian, caused by eliminations of parts or whole sentence and replacement of adjectives and other kinds of attributes due to Islam and particular ethnics of the Middle East countries.

  4. Ipseidad y estructura dialógica en la flosofía de Karl-Otto Apel

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    Nicolás Perrone

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo aborda el problema de la identidad y la otredad en la filosofía de Karl-Otto Apel, teniendo en cuenta que la estructura dialógica de la racionalidad permite pensar más allá de la filosofía tradicional de la conciencia. Según este objetivo, se emplean las categorías de ipseidad y mismidad, propuestas por Paul Ricoeur, a modo de instrumento metodológico, para realizar una lectura de la obra de Apel respecto al problema planteado. Así, el posicionamiento de Apel con relación a la dialogicidad y a la intersubjetividad pone de manifiesto la importancia de la argumentación colectiva en la configuración de una identidad a modo de ipseidad.

  5. Differentiation of rye and wheat flour as well as mixtures by using the kinetics of Karl Fischer water titration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hădărugă, Daniel I; Costescu, Corina I; Corpaş, Laura; Hădărugă, Nicoleta G; Isengard, Heinz-Dieter

    2016-03-15

    The aim of this study was to find a simple way to differentiate between rye and wheat flour and their mixtures by using the kinetic parameters of Karl Fischer water titration (KFT). Consequently, the water content and type of molecules in rye and wheat mixtures used in Romanian bread making have been investigated by means of volumetric KFT. Further, the kinetics of KFT have been determined and novel kinetic parameters corresponding to "surface" and "strongly-retained" water molecules have been identified to discriminate between rye and wheat flour and their mixtures. The "surface" and "strongly-retained" water reaction rates well correlate with the rye content in the flour mixtures, especially at higher temperature analysis (r>0.95). These parameters can be used as indicators for quality evaluation of such type of mixtures, as well as to identify adulteration by improper use of the rye-wheat flour ratios in bread making.

  6. O lugar das utopias no pensamento de Ralf Dahrendorf: crítica a Talcott Parsons e Karl Marx

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    Antonio Carlos Dias Jr

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1806-5023.2012v9n1p27 O artigo visa reconstruir a crítica formulada pelo filósofo e sociólogo germano-inglês Ralf Dahrendorf (1929-2009 aos modelos sociológicos de Talcott Parsons e Karl Marx, que o autor considerava como utópicos. Para ele, tanto a sociologia funcionalista como a marxiana não são adequadas à análise das sociedades contemporâneas: a primeira por desconsiderar o papel constitutivo dos conflitos sociais, e a segunda por não reconhecer seu caráter ubíquo.

  7. Nährig, Dietrich & Karl Hermann Harms, unter Mitarbeit von Josef Kiechle, Hanspeter Rausch, Wolfgang Schawaller & Jörg Spelda (2003: Rote Listen und Checklisten der Spinnentiere (Arachnida Baden-Württembergs

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    Blick, Theo

    2004-11-01

    Full Text Available book review: Nährig Dietrich & Karl Hermann Harms, unter Mitarbeit von Josef Kiechle, Hanspeter Rausch, Wolfgang Schawaller & Jörg Spelda (2003: Rote Listen und Checklisten der Spinnentiere (Arachnida Baden-Württembergs.

  8. Teori Individuasi Carl Gustav Jung

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    Ivan Th.J Weismann

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Masyarakat pada masa kini adalah masyarakat yang telah beralih dari masyarakat tradisional menjadi masyarakat modern. Masyarakat modern punya ciri khas tersendiri begitu pula dengan masyarakat pasca modern. C. G. Jung membahas tentang masyarakat yang berindividuasi. Apakah masyarakat yang berindividuasi itu adalah termasuk dalam salah satu ciri dari masyarakat modern.Individu yang mampu mengatasi persoalan masyarakat moderen ialah individu yang mencapai tahap-tahap proses individuasi ini atau yang disebut pula sebagai individu yang berindividuasi.

  9. Kaks maastikuvaadet Karl Otto Gerhard von Kügelgenilt: romantismi kaja biidermeierlikus sarmis = Two Landscape Views by Otto Gerhard von Kügelgen: Echo of Romanticism in Biedermeier Charm / Kadi Polli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Polli, Kadi, 1973-

    2011-01-01

    2010. aastal Frankfurdis H. W. Fichteri kunstigaleriis müüki tulnud kümnest kunstiteosest, sh. Eesti Kunstimuuseumi poolt omandatud kahest Karl Otto Gerhard von Kügelgeni tööst. Franz Gerhard von Kügelgeni noorema poja Karl Otto Gerhard von Kügelgeni elust, loomingust ja tema akvarellidest "Perekond Vinni mõisas" ja "Rändur metsas"

  10. Kaks maastikuvaadet Karl Otto Gerhard von Kügelgenilt: romantismi kaja biidermeierlikus sarmis = Two Landscape Views by Otto Gerhard von Kügelgen: Echo of Romanticism in Biedermeier Charm / Kadi Polli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Polli, Kadi, 1973-

    2011-01-01

    2010. aastal Frankfurdis H. W. Fichteri kunstigaleriis müüki tulnud kümnest kunstiteosest, sh. Eesti Kunstimuuseumi poolt omandatud kahest Karl Otto Gerhard von Kügelgeni tööst. Franz Gerhard von Kügelgeni noorema poja Karl Otto Gerhard von Kügelgeni elust, loomingust ja tema akvarellidest "Perekond Vinni mõisas" ja "Rändur metsas"

  11. Mediaciones para un método de teología pastoral, a partir de la teología práctica de Karl Rahner

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    Alex Vigueras Cherres

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available A partir de una comprensión de la teología práctica de Karl Rahner como una teología pastoral en perspectiva escatológica, y teniendo como plano de fondo el problema del carácter teológico del análisis de la situación presente, presentamos algunas posibles mediaciones para un método de teología pastoral, a saber, mirar el futuro desde la "futuridad del presente", conocer desde los otros, la narratividad, la corporeidad y la "indiferencia".Based on understanding of Karl Rahner's practical theology as a pastoral theology in an eschatological perspective, and having as a background the theological problem of analyzing the present situation, we present some possible mediations for a pastoral theology method, namely, looking at the future from a "futurity of the present," knowing from others, narrative, corporeality and "indifference."

  12. Kuninga Kuulutaja : oma esimest kooli ei unusta me kunagi / Sandra Põld, Karl-Ott Juhanson, Elis Rebbas, Aleksander Mjakonkihh...[jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Pärnu Kuninga Tänava Põhikooli lõpetajad Sandra Põld, Karl-Ott Juhanson, Elis Rebbas, Aleksander Mjakonkihh, Vegard Kruusla ja Erik Nisu vastavad küsimusele milliste tunnete-mälestustega nad oma esimesest koolist lahkuvad ja millest unistavad? Sisaldab Koolilehe toimetust: Ruth Kaik, Marika Hoolma, Egne Õispuu, Rauno Pella, Kadi Raal, Gritta Käär ja Maarja Põld

  13. O fracasso da metafísica Uma exegese de algumas passagens da Psicologia das Visões de Mundo de Karl Jaspers

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    Gerson Brea

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: Metafísica é um conceito fundamental no pensamento de Karl Jaspers. Isso fica claro em sua primeira grande obra filosófica Philosophie (1932, principalmente no terceiro volume, intitulado Metaphysik. Em sua última preleção, Jaspers retoma novamente o tema, discutindo mais uma vez as ideias de “cifras”, de “transcendência”, do “ser em fracasso”. Entretanto, já em 1919, em seu livro Psicologia das Visões de Mundo, o conceito de metafísica aparece em momentos decisivos.  Não obstante, permanece nebuloso, impreciso ou até mesmo ambíguo o que Jaspers pretende indicar com essa expressão. O objetivo final do artigo é apresentar a ideia de “metafísico” nessa obra em que, embora oscile entre filosofia e psicologia compreensiva, Jaspers já introduz os principais elementos de sua filosofia da existência. Palavras-chave: Metafísica, Karl Jaspers, Visão de Mundo, Situação-limite, Filosofia da Existência. Abstract: Metaphysics is a fundamental concept in Karl Jaspers’ thinking. The third volume of his first great philosophical work, Philosophie (1932, was entitled Metaphysik. And in his last lecture, Jaspers takes up the theme again, discussing the ideas of “ciphers”, “transcendence”, “being in failure”. However, already in 1919, in his book Psychology of World Views, the concept of metaphysics appears in crucial moments. Nevertheless, it remains nebulous, vague or even ambiguous what Jaspers is trying to indicate with this expression. The ultimate goal of the article is to present the idea of “metaphysical” in this work in which, although oscillating between philosophy and understanding psychology, Jaspers already introduces the key elements of his philosophy of existence. Keywords: Metaphysics, Karl Jaspers, World View, Boundary Situations, Philosophy of Existence.

  14. Human and animal health on three continents--a biography of the early life of Karl Friedrich Meyer (1884-1974).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pospischil, Andreas

    2015-08-01

    Karl Friedrich Meyer (KF) was born and educated as a veterinarian in Europe; he researched infectious diseases in Europe, South Africa and the United States. He is one of the true forefathers of the 'one health-one medicine' concept. The broad scope of his research covered botulism, leptospirosis, brucellosis, plague, ornithosis, Western equine encephalitis, mussel poisoning and clostridia. This manuscript adds some more details of his early biography.

  15. O fracasso da metafísica Uma exegese de algumas passagens da Psicologia das Visões de Mundo de Karl Jaspers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerson Brea

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: Metafísica é um conceito fundamental no pensamento de Karl Jaspers. Isso fica claro em sua primeira grande obra filosófica Philosophie (1932, principalmente no terceiro volume, intitulado Metaphysik. Em sua última preleção, Jaspers retoma novamente o tema, discutindo mais uma vez as ideias de “cifras”, de “transcendência”, do “ser em fracasso”. Entretanto, já em 1919, em seu livro Psicologia das Visões de Mundo, o conceito de metafísica aparece em momentos decisivos.  Não obstante, permanece nebuloso, impreciso ou até mesmo ambíguo o que Jaspers pretende indicar com essa expressão. O objetivo final do artigo é apresentar a ideia de “metafísico” nessa obra em que, embora oscile entre filosofia e psicologia compreensiva, Jaspers já introduz os principais elementos de sua filosofia da existência. Palavras-chave: Metafísica, Karl Jaspers, Visão de Mundo, Situação-limite, Filosofia da Existência. Abstract: Metaphysics is a fundamental concept in Karl Jaspers’ thinking. The third volume of his first great philosophical work, Philosophie (1932, was entitled Metaphysik. And in his last lecture, Jaspers takes up the theme again, discussing the ideas of “ciphers”, “transcendence”, “being in failure”. However, already in 1919, in his book Psychology of World Views, the concept of metaphysics appears in crucial moments. Nevertheless, it remains nebulous, vague or even ambiguous what Jaspers is trying to indicate with this expression. The ultimate goal of the article is to present the idea of “metaphysical” in this work in which, although oscillating between philosophy and understanding psychology, Jaspers already introduces the key elements of his philosophy of existence. Keywords: Metaphysics, Karl Jaspers, World View, Boundary Situations, Philosophy of Existence.

  16. DOING SOCIAL BUSINESS IN EUROPE. FROM BANKS TO SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP. INTERVIEW WITH MR. FRANZ KARL PRÜLLER, ERSTE FOUNDATION FROM AUSTRIA

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    Dorian Ilie

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available This interview was conducted with Mr. Franz Karl Prüller, member of the board of the Austrian Erste Foundation, one of the most active organizations in Central and Eastern Europe in terms of social involvement. We talked with him about social business in Europe, social entrepreneurship, cases of good practice, the situation inRomania and the Erste Foundation projects in our country

  17. El "Curso fundamental de la fe" de Karl Rahner. Objetivo, génesis y significado de un "experimento"

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    Carlos Schickendantz

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Se ha cumplido ya más de un cuarto de siglo desde la publicación del "Curso fundamental de la fe" de Karl Rahner (= CFF. Como ha afirmado el mismo autor, el texto no representa una síntesis de su teología. No obstante, puede ser considerado justamente como el trabajo más integral de su pensamiento. Aunque está pensado como curso introductorio (en un sentido que hay que precisar, el trabajo que propone constituye, piensa Rahner, "la tarea de todo un estudio teológico". No resulta exagerado afirmar que dicho CFF está entre las obras de teología más importantes del siglo XX. En este artículo analizo, primero, el objetivo del CFF. Procuro sacar a la luz algunos argumentos que destacan su naturaleza específica. Presto atención también, aunque en menor medida, a la organización sistemática de este emprendimiento y destaco algunas de sus limitaciones. En un segundo momento, considero el proceso de la formación del texto que ha durado más de un decenio. Finalmente, el artículo subraya, comparando el CFF de 1976 con un ensayo programático que se remonta a 1939, hasta qué punto el CFF puede ser considerado, con palabras de K. Neufeld, suma de una teología- suma de una vidaMore than 25 years have gone since the publication of The Christian Foundations of Faith by Karl Rahner. As stated by Rahner himself, the text is not a synthesis of his theology, yet it may be well considered as the most important work of his thought. Even though it was originally thought of as an introductory course, according to Rahner, his proposal constitutes "the task of any theological study". We may assert that that this work is among the most important theological works of the XX century. This article first analyses the objective of this book, highlighting the arguments of its specific nature, while paying attention to its systematic structure and some of its limitations. In the second place the author considers the process of formation of the text, which

  18. Karla Jaspersa koncepcja śmierci jako sytuacji granicznej (KARL JASPERS' NOTION OF DEATH AS 'ULTIMATE' SITUATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Piotr K. Szałek

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available The paper seeks to reconstruct the notion of the death in Karl Jaspers' philosophy. It analyses and places the notion in the whole body of the theory of the 'ultimate' situations such as it is presented in Jaspers' youth 'Psychologie der Weltanschauungen' (1919 and the mature 'Philosophie' (1932 as well. The results could be pointed as follows: (i it characterises the intrinsic features of the metaphysical thought of Jaspers as the basis for the theory of 'ultimate' situations; (ii it shows how the theory determined his existential anthropology; and, finally, (iii it explains how the theory culminates in the notion of the death as the most specific formulation. In that respect, the paper determines how the notion of the death expresses the intrinsic features of the Jaspers' existential kind of philosophizing by reflecting its spirit in the most profound manner. In Jaspers' philosophy the death stands as the key exemplification of 'ultimate' situations (in terms of philosophical reflection and as the point of the reference in order to obtain the meaning of concrete life (in terms of significance for the individual existence.

  19. ISSUES OF LEGITIMIZING POLITICAL POWER IN THE FIRST HALF OF THE TWENTIETH CENTURY: MAX WEBER AND KARL JASPERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicolae IUGA

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The issue of legitimizing political power has specific dimensions determined by the historical context. In the period following the First World War, democratic regimes dramatically collapsed due to ample protest movements against the political establishment from different countries, but also as a result of a serious political legitimation crisis, thus making way for the rise of totalitarian regimes of Fascism and Nazism. That time debates on the problem of legitimization political power are symptomatic. Due to the general perception regarding corruption in politics and to the political incapacity to deal with social problems, we can witness a decrease of trust in contemporary democratic regimes.In order to exemplify, in a brief expositive manner, my paper will present the topic of political legitimation approached by Max Weber and Karl Jaspers, in a selection of relevant texts issued by both authors during 1919-1931. The aim of this paper is to highlight the actuality, the validity of Weber’s and Jasper’s statements and also their capacity to give pertinent responses to questions such as: What role do the common values play in the legitimating of power in a democratic society? Are there any kinds of limits regarding the electoral legitimation? How can we make the difference between a legitimate appeal and an illegitimate one, between civism and terrorism?

  20. BIG KARL and COSY: Examples for high performance magnet design taught by {open_quotes}Papa Klaus{close_quotes}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bechtstedt, U.; Hacker, U.; Maier, R.; Martin, S. [Institut fuer Kernphysik, Juelich (Germany); Berg, G.P.A. [Indiana Univ. Cyclotron Facility, Bloomington, IN (United States); Hardt, A. [Fachhochschule Aachen Juelich (Germany); Huerlimann, W. [Power Consulting Ltd., Baden (Switzerland); Meissburger, J. [Institut fuer angewandte Mathematik, Juelich (Germany); Roemer, J.G.M. [Leybold-Heraeus GmbH, Koeln (Germany)] [and others

    1995-02-01

    The past decades have seen a tremendous development in nuclear, middle, and high energy physics. This advance was in a great part promoted by the availability of newer and more powerful instruments. Over time, these instruments grew in size as well as in sophistication and precision. Nearly all these devices had one fundamental thing in common - magnetic fields produced with currents and iron. The precision demanded by the new experiments and machines did bring the magnet technology to new frontiers requiring the utmost in the accuracy of magnetic fields. The complex properties of the iron challenged innumerable physicists in the attempt to force the magnetic fields into the desired shape. Experience and analytical insight were the pillars for coping with those problems and only few mastered the skills and were in addition able to communicate their intricate knowledge. It was a fortuitous situation that the authors got to know Klaus Halbach who belonged to those few and who shared his knowledge contributing thus largely to the successful completion of two large instruments that were built at the Forschungszentrum Juelich, KFA, for nuclear and middle energy physics. In one case the efforts went to the large spectrometer named BIG KARL whose design phase started in the early 70`s. In the second case the work started in the early 80`s with the task to build a high precision 2.5 GeV proton accelerator for cooled stored and extracted beams known as COSY-Juelich.

  1. First Detection of Thermal Radio Emission from Solar-Type Stars with the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array

    CERN Document Server

    Villadsen, Jackie; Bourke, Stephen; Güdel, Manuel; Rupen, Michael

    2014-01-01

    We present the first detections of thermal radio emission from the atmospheres of solar-type stars {\\tau} Cet, {\\eta} Cas A, and 40 Eri A. These stars all resemble the Sun in age and level of magnetic activity, as indicated by X-ray luminosity and chromospheric emission in calcium-II H and K lines. We observed these stars with the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array with sensitivities of a few {\\mu}Jy at combinations of 10.0, 15.0, and 34.5 GHz. {\\tau} Cet, {\\eta} Cas A, and 40 Eri A are all detected at 34.5 GHz with signal-to-noise ratios of 6.5, 5.2, and 4.5, respectively. 15.0-GHz upper limits imply a rising spectral index greater than 1.0 for {\\tau} Cet and 1.6 for {\\eta} Cas A, at the 95% confidence level. The measured 34.5-GHz flux densities correspond to stellar disk-averaged brightness temperatures of roughly 10,000 K, similar to the solar brightness temperature at the same frequency. We explain this emission as optically- thick thermal free-free emission from the chromosphere, with possible contributions...

  2. Meaning in History—A Comparison Between the Works of Karl Löwith and Erich Auerbach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matthias Bormuth

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Karl Löwith (1897–1973 and Erich Auerbach (1892–1957 were assimilated German Jewish scholars who came to America during and after World War II. In the early 1940s both émigrés wrotetheir masterpieces From Hegel to Nietzsche and Mimesis in Japan and Turkey. In these books, the philosopher as well as the philologist, provide a certain philosophy of history forced by the historical crisis of Europe. The differences in their viewpoints can clearly be seen in their decisive judgments on Goethe and the French Revolution. The comparison first looks at the question what impact the reality of being expelled from the German University of Marburg had on the development of their thoughts. The expanding war and the persecution of the European Jews is taken into account as well. The second focus is directed on the experience both made at the American East Coast and how this might have influenced their later writings namely Meaning in History and Philology of World-Literature. And at last the question is raised which significance the Jewish-Christian background had for Löwith and Auerbach especially for their attitude towards the religious sphere.

  3. The Nazi ethnographic research of Georg Leibbrandt and Karl Stumpp in Ukraine, and its North American legacy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmaltz, E J; Sinner, S D

    2000-01-01

    Scholars have recently debated the topic of German academics who directly or indirectly served the Nazi machinery of death and who then went on to successful professional careers after the war. This article examines the activities of two prominent émigré scholars, Drs. Georg Leibbrandt (1899-1982) and Karl Stumpp (1896-1982). These Ukrainian Germans emigrated to Germany after World War 1. In America, most members of the Russian-German ethnic community never knew that Leibbrandt had represented Alfred Rosenberg's Ministry for the Occupied Eastern Territories, or that under his supervision Stumpp led a Sonderkommando in Ukraine. This unit classified hundreds of villages, indirectly documenting the annihilation of Jews and others. The authors conclude that one consequence of Leibbrandt's and Stumpp's "return to normalcy" after the war was the growing fascination with genealogical research that affected the Russian-German ethnic community in North America-research partly based on 1930s and 1940s Nazi racial record-keeping.

  4. Philosophy and phylogenetic inference: a comparison of likelihood and parsimony methods in the context of Karl Popper's writings on corroboration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Queiroz, K; Poe, S

    2001-06-01

    Advocates of cladistic parsimony methods have invoked the philosophy of Karl Popper in an attempt to argue for the superiority of those methods over phylogenetic methods based on Ronald Fisher's statistical principle of likelihood. We argue that the concept of likelihood in general, and its application to problems of phylogenetic inference in particular, are highly compatible with Popper's philosophy. Examination of Popper's writings reveals that his concept of corroboration is, in fact, based on likelihood. Moreover, because probabilistic assumptions are necessary for calculating the probabilities that define Popper's corroboration, likelihood methods of phylogenetic inference--with their explicit probabilistic basis--are easily reconciled with his concept. In contrast, cladistic parsimony methods, at least as described by certain advocates of those methods, are less easily reconciled with Popper's concept of corroboration. If those methods are interpreted as lacking probabilistic assumptions, then they are incompatible with corroboration. Conversely, if parsimony methods are to be considered compatible with corroboration, then they must be interpreted as carrying implicit probabilistic assumptions. Thus, the non-probabilistic interpretation of cladistic parsimony favored by some advocates of those methods is contradicted by an attempt by the same authors to justify parsimony methods in terms of Popper's concept of corroboration. In addition to being compatible with Popperian corroboration, the likelihood approach to phylogenetic inference permits researchers to test the assumptions of their analytical methods (models) in a way that is consistent with Popper's ideas about the provisional nature of background knowledge.

  5. [Tracing back for the basis. Research of Medieval medical manuscripts in Leipzig by Karl Sudhoff and Henry Ernest Sigerist].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Löffler, Anette

    2009-01-01

    At the beginning of the 20th century, two known medical historians, Karl Sudhoff and Henry Ernst Sigerist, were among the first persons, who took up thorough investigations of medical manuscripts in Leipzig. Above all, it was Mr. Sudhoff, who developed his own procedure, in order to exploit the unknown stocks. Apart from the only means available to him, the so-called Leyser-papers, written by the Leipzig librarian Hermann Leyser, at least once Sudhoff made a complete check-up of all manuscripts over the period of 22 years. On 315 sheets he took down various more or less extensive notes regarding these Codices, which are kept today as manuscript collection (Ms 01269) in the library of the university of Leipzig. Many publications were written on the basis of these readings. Sigerist was only looking through a small number of Leipzig manuscripts, as could be seen from his remarks written onto the users' cards. However, he could rely on Sudhoff's notes and look for specific manuscripts that he was interested in and review them. This was a first and very important step for the investigation of Leipzig medical manuscripts.

  6. Efficiency of methods for Karl Fischer determination of water in oils based on oven evaporation and azeotropic distillation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larsson, William; Jalbert, Jocelyn; Gilbert, Roland; Cedergren, Anders

    2003-03-15

    The efficiency of azeotropic distillation and oven evaporation techniques for trace determination of water in oils has recently been questioned by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), on the basis of measurements of the residual water found after the extraction step. The results were obtained by volumetric Karl Fischer (KF) titration in a medium containing a large excess of chloroform (> or = 65%), a proposed prerequisite to ensure complete release of water from the oil matrix. In this work, the extent of this residual water was studied by means of a direct zero-current potentiometric technique using a KF medium containing more than 80% chloroform, which is well above the concentration recommended by NIST. A procedure is described that makes it possible to correct the results for dilution errors as well as for chemical interference effects caused by the oil matrix. The corrected values were found to be in the range of 0.6-1.5 ppm, which should be compared with the 12-34 ppm (uncorrected values) reported by NIST for the same oils. From this, it is concluded that the volumetric KF method used by NIST gives results that are much too high.

  7. Continued Development of in Situ Geochronology for Planetary Using KArLE (Potassium-Argon Laser Experiment)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Devismes, D.; Cohen, B. A.

    2016-01-01

    Geochronology is a fundamental measurement for planetary samples, providing the ability to establish an absolute chronology for geological events, including crystallization history, magmatic evolution, and alteration events, and providing global and solar system context for such events. The capability for in situ geochronology will open up the ability for geochronology to be accomplished as part of lander or rover complement, on multiple samples rather than just those returned. An in situ geochronology package can also complement sample return missions by identifying the most interesting rocks to cache or return to Earth. The K-Ar radiometric dating approach to in situ dating has been validated by the Curiosity rover on Mars as well as several laboratories on Earth. Several independent projects developing in situ rock dating for planetary samples, based on the K-Ar method, are giving promising results. Among them, the Potassium (K)-Argon Laser Experiment (KArLE) at MSFC is based on techniques already in use for in planetary exploration, specifically, Laser-induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS, used on the Curiosity Chemcam), mass spectroscopy (used on multiple planetary missions, including Curiosity, ExoMars, and Rosetta), and optical imaging (used on most missions).

  8. “God and the gods”: Faith and human-made idols in the theology of Karl Barth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I.W.C. van Wyk

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available The First Commandment played an important role in the theology of Karl Barth. His personal obedience to this commandment contributed to his realization that one cannot be comfortable with the Liberal theology of the early twentieth century and accept the theological thinking that supported National Socialism. The First Commandment opened his eyes to see the idols, worldviews, ideologies and evil of his lifetime. The First Commandment is always in the background of his theology that concentrates on God’s revelation in Jesus Christ. Only two of his lectures specifically concentrated on the First Commandment, only one of which was published. Barth, understood the First Commandment as an axiom of theology. It is self-evident; a cornerstone and critical guideline for any theology that is built upon the biblical message. The article argues that if this aspect of Barth’s theology received attention in the Nederduitsch Hervormde Church, we would most probably have been saved from the conflicts concerning the ideology of apartheid and the “people’s church”.

  9. Teología de la Evolución (II: La Llamada Creadora Trinitaria. Karl Schmitz-Moormann, 1997

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel García Doncel

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Continuamos presentando la tríada de intuiciones valiosas para elaborar una teología de la «creación en evolución» [ver PENSAMIENTO, vol. 63 (2007, pp. 605-636]. Presentamos la intuición del biólogo y teólogo católico alemán Karl Schmitz-Moormann, publicada póstumamente en 1997. Inspirado por Teilhard y su metafísica de la unión, introduce su concepto de «uni-totalidad», y observa tales uni-totalidades a lo largo del progreso evolutivo, desde las partículas subatómicas hasta las agrupaciones humanas. Observa la diversidad de unión, explicada por interacción nuclear o por amor interpersonal. Ve por analogía nuestro Dios tri-uno como la Uni-totalidad suprema unida por amor, a la que se acercan las uni-totalidades creadas, como auténticos «vestigios trinitarios». Y en el centro de su intuición ve la creación continua evolutiva como la respuesta a una «llamada creadora», una llamada del Creador tri-uno que invita a la nada (absoluta o relativa a acercarse hacia su riqueza de ser, sin forzar a nadie, sólo invitando a unirse a los elementos próximos de cada nivel. Esta acción, no imperativa, sino amorosa por la que está llegando a ser toda la creación nos descubre un Creador que está también realizándose en suprema unión amorosa, según habría de describirse en una metafísica de lllegar-a-ser. La creación progresiva de información acerca también a la omnisciencia divina, y la de la libertad posibilita responder amorosamente a la invitación de la llamada creadora. Ofrecemos los textos más auténticos de Schmitz-Moormann e investigamos su origen. Esta intuición sobre la «llamada creadora» enriquece teológicamente la de Karl Rahner sobre la acción trascendental que sostiene la«autotrascendencia activa», y será ulteriormente enriquecida por la de Denis Edwards, que la ve como «acción propia del Espíritu» dentro de una ontología relacional.

  10. The Ideas upon Higher Education of karl Jasper%雅斯贝尔斯的高等教育观

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王洁; 王小丁

    2014-01-01

    Karl Jaspers , German philosopher in the 20th century, has unique ideas on the essence of university. He believes that education is the soul of human’s education, and is the meaning of life sentiment, which aims to develop "holistic." Jaspers inherited ideological education of the countries and innovated it. He focused on the university's mission of teaching and research, the student's comprehensive education and various exchanges. And on this basis to explain his concept of teaching, teacher-student concept, building its unique ideological system of higher education. His thoughts on the development and reform of higher education have an important reference and reference to our country.%20世纪德国哲学家雅斯贝尔斯对于大学的本质有着独特的见解,他认为教育是对人灵魂的教育,是对生命内涵的感悟,其目的是培养“全人”。雅斯贝尔斯继承了各国教育家的高等教育思想又有所创新,他把大学的使命聚焦于教学与科研,并以此为基础阐述他的教学观,师生观,构建了它独特的高等教育思想体系。他的高等教育思想对我国高等教育的发展改革有重要的借鉴和参考价值。

  11. Tectonic controls on the Karlıova triple junction (Turkey): Implications for tectonic inversion and the initiation of volcanism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karaoğlu, Özgür; Selçuk, Azad Sağlam; Gudmundsson, Agust

    2017-01-01

    Few places on Earth are tectonically as active as the Karlıova region of eastern Turkey which comprises a triple junction (KTJ). Triple junctions result in complex kinematic and mechanical interactions within the lithosphere generating tectonic inversions and uplift, extensive seismicity and volcanism. Here we present new data, and summarize existing data, on the tectonic evolution of the KTJ in eastern Turkey over the past 6 Ma. In particular, we present a kinematic model for the KTJ and the surrounding area as well as new structural maps. The deformation or strain rate has varied over this 6 million year period. The maximum strain rate occurred between 6 Ma and 3 Ma, a period that coincides with the initiation of activity in Varto Volcano. We suggest that increased strain rate and the initiation of activity at the Varto Volcano may be tectonically related. Subsequent to its formation, the Varto Volcano was dissected by active faults associated with the Varto Fault Zone, including reverse, normal and strike-slip faults. During the past 3 Ma, however, the KTJ area was deformed dominantly through dextral crustal movements associated to right-lateral faults. This deformation resulted in the development of a NE-SW-trending extensional/transtensional regime, together with a complementary NW-SE-trending contractional regime. In the past 6 Ma the east end of the KTJ has been subjected to incremental deformation. This deformation has resulted in many episodes of faulting during (i) ongoing shortening phases driven by a regional-scale thrust tectonic regime, and (ii) local-scale transtensional phases caused by westward extrusion.

  12. Evaluation of Karl Storz CMAC TipTM Device Versus Traditional Airway Suction in a Cadaver Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Demis N. Lipe

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: We compared the efficacy of Karl Storz CMAC TipTM with inline suction to CMAC with traditional suction device in cadaveric models simulating difficult airways, using media mimicking pulmonary edema and vomit. Methods: This was a prospective, cohort study in which we invited emergency medicine faculty and residents to participate. Each participant intubated 2 cadavers (one with simulated pulmonary edema and one with simulated vomit, using CMAC with inline suction and CMAC with traditional suction. Thirty emergency medicine providers performed 4 total intubations each in a crossover trial comparing the CMAC with inline suction and CMAC with traditional suction. Two intubations were performed with simulated vomit and two with simulated pulmonary edema. The primary outcome was time to successful intubation; and the secondary outcome was proportion of successful intubation. Results: The median time to successful intubation using the CMAC with inline suction versus traditional suction in the pulmonary edema group was 29s and 30s respectively (p=0.54. In the vomit simulation, the median time to successful intubation was 40s using the CMAC with inline suction and 41s using the CMAC with traditional suction (p=0.70. There were no significant differences in time to successful intubation between the 2 devices. Similarly, the proportions of successful intubation were also not statistically significant between the 2 devices. The proportions of successful intubations using the inline suction were 96.7% and 73.3%, for the pulmonary edema and vomit groups, respectively. Additionally using the handheld suction device, the proportions for the pulmonary edema and vomit group were 100% and 66.7%, respectively. Conclusion: CMAC with inline suction was no different than CMAC with traditional suction and was associated with no statistically significant differences in median time to intubation or proportion of successful intubations. [West J Emerg Med

  13. Oceanographic Setting Dominates Methane Transport Through the Water Column in the Shallow Area West of Prins Karls Forland, Arctic Ocean

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silyakova, A.; Jansson, P.; Serov, P.; Graves, C. A.; Niemann, H.; Grundger, F.; Ferre, B.; Mienert, J.

    2016-02-01

    The area west of Prins Karls Forland (PKF, West Spitsbergen) in the Arctic Ocean, restricted to 90 m water depth, is known for a large amount of shallow active gas flares. Gas flares are streams of bubbles that contain mostly methane, which is a potent greenhouse gas. The important questions for many areas with discovered gas flares are: Does this gas reach the atmosphere? What controls the vertical and horizontal distribution of dissolved methane away from the source on the seafloor? Is all dissolved methane detected above gas flares released from those flares or does it partially originate from other areas (eg. Storfjorden, or area of deeper flares on the PKF slope)? The present study is based on two repeated oceanographic surveys conducted in the summers of 2014 and 2015. During the surveys, we sampled 64 CTD stations in a grid above a 30 x 15 km area with active methane flares. Vertical profiles of temperature (T) and salinity (S), as well as TS diagrams indicate very different oceanographic settings during the two surveys. Warm and saline Atlantic waters originating from the West Spitsbergen Current prevailed during the 2014 campaign. In 2015, in contrast, waters were distinctly less saline and cooler. These waters originate from the East-Spitsbergen current that flows northwards over the shelf from the Barents Sea around the southern tip of Spitsbergen. The water mass was furthermore influenced by local sources from the fjords. In both years, we observed strong vertical gradients in the distribution of dissolved methane in the water column above gas flares, with only 4% methane concentrations at the sea surface when compared to bottom waters. However, the circulation of the dominant water masses mainly controlled the horizontal distribution of methane in the water column in the specific year. We discuss oceanographic processes and mechanisms responsible for methane transport and transformation in the study area. This study is funded by CAGE (Centre for Arctic

  14. Human radiation studies: Remembering the early years: Oral history of health physicist Karl Z. Morgan, Ph.D., conducted January 7, 1995

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-06-01

    This report provided a transcript of an interview of Dr. Karl. Z. Morgan by representatives of the DOE Office of Human Radiation Experiments. Dr. Morgan was selected for this interview because of his research for the Manhattan Project at the Metallurgical Laboratory in Chicago and his work at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). The oral history covers Dr. Morgan`s work as a pioneer in the field of Health Physics, his research at ORNL and his work since he retired from ORNL.

  15. Návrh procesu prodeje členství ve sportovním klubu Holmes Place Karlín

    OpenAIRE

    Burianová, Monika

    2010-01-01

    Title: The Sales Process Concept Proposal for Holmes Place Energy Karlin Points of thesis: The thesis "The Sales Process Concept Proposal for Holmes Place Karlín" is a new sales process proposal implemented in the first quarter 2010 and leading to better sales results in the company to increase total income. Based on strenghts and weeknesses of current system and the theory of 8 Steps of Selling, the new system and strategy has been created to achieve maximum results in minimum amount of time...

  16. Anuncios de paz en colombia: una interpretación visual desde el método documental de karl mannheim

    OpenAIRE

    Giohanny Olave Arias

    2013-01-01

    A partir de dos imágenes sobre el anuncio de un proceso de diálogos en 2012, entre el Gobierno colombiano y las FARC-EP, con miras a finalizar el conflicto armado interno, se analizan las cosmovisiones sugeridas y la imagen que los actores mostraron de sí mismos y de sus colectivos institucionales. La aproximación se enmarca en los avances teóricos y metodológicos sobre interpretación de imágenes, a través del método documental de Karl Mannheim. En los resultados se abordan tres momentos: la ...

  17. Tegelikkuse peegeldumise ja idealiseerimise vahel : valgustusajastu humanistlik inimesekäsitlus Tartu Ülikooli joonistusõpetaja Karl August Senffi portreeloomingus / Gerd-Helge Vogel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vogel, Gerd-Helge

    2002-01-01

    Portreekunsti tähendusest valgustusajastul, selle ̓anri leviku põhjustest ja Karl August Senffi (1770-1838) rikkalikust portreeloomingust, kus jäädvustatud tähtsaid persoone nii Tartu Ülikoolist, teenekate sõjaväelaste, võimukandjate, aadelkonna hulgast, ka portreemaalide ja gravüüride eripärast, talle huvipakkuvatest ja uuematest graafikatehnikatest (vasegravüür, akvatinta, litograafia, lametrükk), mis võimaldasid luua valguse-varju efekte ja esile tuua modellide isikupära

  18. Tegelikkuse peegeldumise ja idealiseerimise vahel : valgustusajastu humanistlik inimesekäsitlus Tartu Ülikooli joonistusõpetaja Karl August Senffi portreeloomingus / Gerd-Helge Vogel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vogel, Gerd-Helge

    2002-01-01

    Portreekunsti tähendusest valgustusajastul, selle ̓anri leviku põhjustest ja Karl August Senffi (1770-1838) rikkalikust portreeloomingust, kus jäädvustatud tähtsaid persoone nii Tartu Ülikoolist, teenekate sõjaväelaste, võimukandjate, aadelkonna hulgast, ka portreemaalide ja gravüüride eripärast, talle huvipakkuvatest ja uuematest graafikatehnikatest (vasegravüür, akvatinta, litograafia, lametrükk), mis võimaldasid luua valguse-varju efekte ja esile tuua modellide isikupära

  19. Ensaios de Karl Philipp Moritz: linguagem, arte, filosofia (seleção, intodução, tradução e notas)

    OpenAIRE

    José Feres Sabino

    2010-01-01

    Após mais de duzentos anos, o interesse pela obra de Karl Philipp Moritz (15 de setembro de 1756 26 de junho de 1793) só tem aumentado. Diferentes autores como Herman Hesse e Walter Benjamin, e, mais recentemente, Hans Joachin Schrimpf, Tzvetan Todorov, Peter Szondi, Arno Schmidt e Peter Handke têm escrito ressaltando a importância e a fecundidade desse autor. Moritz pode ser considerado um dos autores inaugurais do romantismo alemão. Este mestrado em filosofia, área de estética, pretende, p...

  20. Aproximación filosófica del concepto de fe en la teología de Karl Rahner: aplicaciones y actualidad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maynor Barrientos Amador

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo pretende delinear los principales aportes del teólogo alemán Karl Rahner al concepto de la fe con base en una revisión de su herencia teológica y filosófica. El concepto de fe en Rahner está marcado por la influencia del pensamiento místico jesuita, el pensamiento filosófico del idealismo alemán y el trabajo revisionista de los teólogos afines a la “nueva teología”.

  1. Matemaatiline mäng ja „pronksiaeg“. Karl Ristikivi ajalooliste teoste struktuur / The mathematical game and the “Bronze Age”: The structure of Karl Ristikivi’s historical works

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maret Vaher

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Between 1961 and his death, Karl Ristikivi published twelve historical works (eleven novels and one short story collection that form a conceptual whole. The lengthy period covered in these works raises questions about the purpose of the series. While Ristikivi’s Journal 1957–1968 was written nearly half a century ago, it has been available to a wider audience only since its publication in 2008. Although the writer’s works have been researched for several decades, his journal provides new insight into his creative intentions. Ristikivi’s biographical details reveal that he had a wide variety of interests, including history and mathematics. The writer first envisioned writing a series of 12 novels covering the period from the last Ice Age to the First World War while just a student. The journal entries reveal the mature writer’s plans for the historical cycle. First, the series would begin in the middle of the 13th century, specifically in 1255, and finish in 1945 at the end of the Second World War. Second, the author initially planned to write 24 books in which the events described would be separated by 30-year intervals in order to convey a change of generations. Consequently, the writer needed to find events that could be incorporated in this structure, rather than base the structure of his works on certain historical events. Ristikivi’s historical works portray a mythical world where the storyline features the perpetual recurrence of archetypes and replication of all events. His last novel Roman Diary (1976 mentions four eras: the age of gods, the age of heroes, the present (the „Bronze Age“, and the future age. The ages of gods and heroes have passed, and we have reached the third age. The protaganist of Roman Diary, Kaspar von Schmerzburg, longs for the second age – the age of heroes and chivalry. However, he senses that he must be content with the present age because the fourth - the future age - may be even worse as

  2. Methanotrophic activity in the water column above shallow gas flares west of Prins Karls Forland, Arctic Ocean

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gründger, Friederike; Svenning, Mette M.; Niemann, Helge; Silyakova, Anna; Serov, Pavel; Pavlov, Alexey K.; Granskog, Mats A.; Ferre, Bénédicte; Carroll, JoLynn

    2016-04-01

    Numerous gas flares, interpreted to be streams of methane bubbles, were discovered in shallow waters (average water depth about 90 m) on the continental shelf west of Prins Karls Forland (Western Svalbard) in the Arctic Ocean. Gas is released from the seabed to the water column and potentially transferred into the atmosphere where it acts as a potent greenhouse gas. In order to resolve the fate of dissolved methane in the water column, we carried out grid-pattern biogeochemical measurements in the study area of 30 x 15 km. Specifically, we measured concentrations of dissolved methane and microbial methane oxidation (MOx) rates at 8 water depths at 31 sampling stations and performed 16S rRNA sequencing analysis on selected samples to characterize the microbial community composition. Availability of dissolved methane is essential for the process of microbial methane oxidation. However, our measurements reveal that high concentrations of dissolved methane in the water column do not necessarily lead to high MOx rates. Our results indicated that the presence of marine methanotrophic biomass as well as dissolved organic matter is of larger importance for the process of microbial methane oxidation. For example, we found MOx hot spots with values up to 13 nmol l-1 d-1 at bottom water depth with dissolved methane concentrations less than 160 nmol l-1. In contrast, at stations where bottom methane concentration values reached 640 nmol l-1, MOx rates were less than 0.7 nmol l-1 d-1. To interpret observed interconnection between methane concentrations and MOx rates, we use vertical distributions of seawater temperature, salinity and properties of colored dissolved organic matter (CDOM). This information helps us characterize the oceanographic setting and circulation patterns in the area, which we believe has a major impact on the origin and distribution of methanotrophic microbial biomass and methane oxidation in methanerich bottom water. This study is part of the Centre for

  3. Teología de la evolución (I: La autotrascendencia activa. Karl Rahner, 1961

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel G. Doncel

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo es el primero de una tríada en la que se presentarán tres intuiciones que creemos valiosas para elaborar hoy día una rica teología de la «creación en evolución» (las otras dos serán: 2. La llamada creativa trinitaria, según Karl Schmitz-Moormann, 1997, y 3. El Espíritu como fuente de novedad, según Denis Edwards, 2004. Quisiéramos entender, a nivel filosófico y teológico, esa «cosmo-bio-evolución» que es nuestra propia «mega historia». Comenzamos hoy por preguntarnos cómo explicar el progreso evolutivo en que de la materia parece emerger la espiritualidad humana. Es un problema filosófico (¿puede de lo menos salir lo más? y teológico (¿cómo concebir una acción creadora y respetuosa con la creación?. Para resolverlo creemos necesario apoyarnos en la intuición de Rahner de 1961, de la que recogemos con concisión didáctica el núcleo central de su documento fundamental de 1961 sobre la «autosuperación» o «autotrascendencia activa» en relación a la hominización. Buscamos a continuación el contexto y la fecha en que se elaboró originalmente esa intuición, analizando tres documentos de Rahner inmediatamente anteriores y relacionados con el fundamental, y deducimos que la intuición hubo de tener lugar prácticamente en 1960. Presentamos por fin algunos artículos poco posteriores al de Rahner 1961, que difundieron positivamente sus ideas centrales, así como algunos otros que las critican, y enumeramos algunas publicaciones ulteriores de Rahner que clarifican su pensamiento.

  4. Diaphragm-free cell for trace determination of water based on the karl Fischer reaction using continuous coulometric titration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cedergren, A; Jonsson, S

    1997-08-01

    A new type of diaphragm-free coulometric cell for continuous coulometric Karl Fischer titrations of water in the range 0.1-1000 μg is described. The relative standard deviation obtained for titrations of 1 μg amounts of water was typically 1%. The background due to diffusion of water from the air was normally in the range 0.3-0.9 μg of water min(-1) depending on environmental humidity. The variation in the background was normally ±0.01 μg min(-1). The construction makes it possible, at any time in a sequence of titrations, to renew the catholyte by means of a Teflon plunger inside the cathode compartment. In this way, the interference effects caused by oxidizable reduction products of methyl sulfite which are formed at the cathode can be controlled in a very simple way. These products are rapidly eliminated by means of a normal titration before a new titration starts. The need for this draining step differs depending on the type of reagent used. The coulometric titration system makes use of true potentiometric end-point detection, and this principle makes it possible to control the iodine level at the end-point at much lower levels as compared with commercial instrumentation. The analytical advantages gained by this option are demonstrated for the determination of water in ethylenediamine, a task which was found to be impossible when using end-point concentrations in the range (3-7) × 10(-5) M, which is typical for the bipotentiometric indicating system used in commercial instruments. Recovery rates in the range 100-102% were obtained and are shown to be dependent on the type of reagent used. The most accurate results were obtained for an imidazole-buffered methanolic reagent in which the concentration of sulfur dioxide was kept relatively low (0.10 M). The diaphragm-free cell described was shown to be compatible with all of the commercial reagents (designed for coulometry) investigated, including the well-known Hydranal products Coulomat A, AK, AG, AG-H, and

  5. Género, edad y pobreza como determinantes de vulnerabilidad y adaptación ante desastres: El impacto del huracán Karl en La Antigua, Veracruz.

    OpenAIRE

    Sosa Capistrán, Dulce María

    2014-01-01

    En el presente trabajo se describen las experiencias de dos localidades impactadas por el huracán Karl en septiembre de 2010. El objetivo de la investigación es analizar la respuesta institucional e identificar las condiciones de vulnerabilidad y acciones de respuesta ante el huracán Karl considerando diferencias de género, edad y pobreza entre la población de la localidad de Nicolás Blanco y la colonia de desplazados (as) Huitzilapan del municipio de La Antigua, Veracruz. Se utilizó una meto...

  6. Šokolādes zīmolu komunikācija sociālajos medijos: "Laima", "Pure Chocolate" un "Emils Gustavs Chocolate" piemēri

    OpenAIRE

    Kūla, Līga

    2015-01-01

    Bakalaura darbs „Šokolādes zīmolu komunikācija sociālajos medijos: “Laima”, “Pure Chocolate” un „Emils Gustavs chocolate” piemēri” izstrādāts ar mēŗki aplūkot un analizēt šokolādes zīmolu veikto komunikāciju sociālajos tīklos. Bakalaura darba pētnieciskais jautājums: Kādi šokolādes zīmolu vēstījumi izsauc lielāku reakciju/iesaisti no lietotāju puses sociālajos medijos. Darbā veikta teorētisko nostādņu apkopošana, bet darba metodoloģijā apskatītas izmantotās pētniecības metodes. Darbā veikta g...

  7. Měkkýši Národní přírodní rezervace Karlštejn v Českém krasu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Štěpánka Podroužková

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper brings findings of recent malacological research (2013 and earlier mostly unpublished data about malacofauna of the Karlštejn National Nature Reserve (abbreviated as NNR (Czech Republic, Central Bohemia, Bohemian Karst Protected Landscape Area. A total of 89 mollusc species (76 terrestrial snails, 5 freshwater snails, 8 bivalves were recorded. The mollusc fauna of the NNR represents 35% of the total of 251 mollusc species found in the Czech Republic. The studied area comprises of very diverse habitat types with various and rich mollusc communities. Forest snails are dominating (38% followed by species of the open steppes (27%. 28 species belong to endangered Red List species of the Czech Republic. Critically endangered Helicopsis striata and endangered Chondrina avenacea, Truncatellina claustralis and Zebrina detrita belong to the species of dry and open habitats. Helicopsis striata is probably extincted in most of localities in the Bohemian Karst. Its presence in the NNR was not confirmed. Bohemian Karst holds most of populations of Chondrina avenacea in the Czech Republic and the most of findings are situated in the Karlštejn NNR. Zebrina detrita inhabits here isolated site in Bohemia, where it was probably introduced in the past. Four new sites of the Holocene optimum relict Truncatellina claustralis were found.

  8. História, marxismo e questão social: um diálogo com Max Web e Karl Marx

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Oliveira Ramos Passos

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available O campo de investigação tanto de Karl Marx quanto de Max Weber é o mesmo, ou seja, ambos estudam o caráter “capitalista” da moderna economia e sociedade, isto é, o capitalismo industrial e os desenvolvimentos sociais advindos deste. Porém, suas análises conclusivas são diferenciadas, e porque não, opostas. Marx via a ideologia como uma variável dependente no processo de transformação social. Weber, ao contrário, procurou mostrar que o caráter ideológico não deriva automaticamente da posição social, mas constitui um meio para explicar esta posição. Assim, conforme o exposto, o objetivo deste ensaio é o de tentar explicar os principais aspectos dos estudos de Max Weber e Karl Marx – um possível diálogo entre eles e suas principais diferenças - além de procurar entender a questão social nas obras de ambos.

  9. Pooltaanlane? Poolsaarlane? / Karl Kello

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kello, Karl, 1950-

    2000-01-01

    Arheoloog Vello Lõugas uskus kindlasti, et rooma ajaloolase Tacituse kirjeldatud germaanlaste ohvripidustused maaema Nerthuse auks toimusid Saaremaal ja et kõigi pilkude eest varjatud saladuslik ohvrijärv on Kaali järv. Anglosaksi eepose "Beowulf" oletatavast tegevuspaigast

  10. Karl Marx University Leipzig

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    r'/2+-r 1 L 1- -. ' in n+1' i~I'.l'i l~:'.ii. ... 2 I r. I [ii-1j= in". 1; Ml =10". D ' ——l-_ ' 1. +0.1 0 -0,: -02v. 1 I I I “rI—_. [mp 10"'. [~rj=1o“. Q I r 1 | ..... J. Heyrovsky and J.I~'.

  11. Karl Marx 1864

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Czeskleba-Dupont, Rolf

    2015-01-01

    (Inaugural-)adressen til den 1.Internationale Arbejderassociation som Marx formulerede efter dennes grundlæggelse i september 1864 undersøges i en kritisk diskursanalyse der omfatter det engelske (!) original, efterfølgende tyske oversættelser samt den danske oversættelse fra 1971 (MEUS). Marx......' egne tekster sammenlignes med hinanden og med andres oversættelser. Marx' mindre kendte, tyske version som 'Manifest an die arbeitende Klasse Europas' præciserer hans karakteristika for hvad han kalder 'Arbejderklassens politiske økonomi'. Det sker på en måde, der ikke er identisk med den...... engelsksprogede eller for den sags skyld den danske version. På denne måde findes der en mere 'profetisk' version side om side med en version, der fremhæver en tilgang svarende til forsigtigheds-princippet. Udover politisk økonomi anvendte Marx det også på udenrigspolitikken. I dag rammer det den miljøpolitiske...

  12. Karl Ristikivi ajalooliste romaanide sari: võrdlus Dante Alighieri „Jumaliku komöödiaga“ / Karl Ristikivi’s series of historical novels: a comparison with Dante’s Divine Comedy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krista Keedus

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available In depicting a comprehensive religious world view, Karl Ristikivi’s series of historical novels is structured, like Dante’s Divine Comedy, according to the philosophy of the gothic cathedral. With characters, events and themes corresponding with Dante’s masterpiece, the novels form a tri-level structure based on Christian myths. The novels are delineated by associations with paradise (The Burning Flag, The Bridal Veil, Noble Hearts, purgatory (The Last Citadel, The Song of Joy, Dragon’s Teeth and hell (The Riders of Death, A Sorcerer’s Apprentice, Double Play. Contrary to the philosophy of increasing light found in Divine Comedy, Ristikivi’s historical series of novels portray the descent from light to darkness, from unity to fragmentation, from asceticism to sexuality, and from elevated language and style to comedy and grotesquery. In the first two trilogies, the characters’ ethical bearing steadily deteriorates. As well as comparisons to paradise and its inhabitants, a key theme of the paradise novels is the kingdom of Christ. The virtuous heroes of The Burning Flag and The Bridal Veil, Konradin von Hohenstaufen and St. Catherine of Siena, symbolize two aspects of the kingdom of Christ: the empire and the church. Both characters are also associated with the image of a mountain where salvation is at the top. The model for this is the Mount of Purgatory in Divine Comedy, which has earthly paradise at the top. In the purgatory novels, the characters and motifs are associated, as in Dante’s work, with the cultural sphere. These three novels are permeated with themes such as penitence, guilt and judgement. Brimming with inhumanity and discord, the hell novels feature themes related to the Tower of Babel and making a pact with the devil. Another of Ristikivi’s novels, the metaphysical All Souls’ Night also follows the structure of Divine Comedy and can therefore be regarded as part of the historical series. The world of All

  13. 古斯塔夫·霍尔斯特早期“印度风格”的歌剧《悉多》及成因%Gustav Holst's Early"Indian"Opera Sita and Its Origin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈骢

    2012-01-01

    As one of the most outstanding contemporary composers of the United Kingdom, Gustav Hoist not only experi- ments with harmony,but also adopts polytonality in his process of composing.Hoist' s career,or even his whole lifo, is bonded to- gether with India, a mysterious Oriental country, in almost evo2~ aspect.The Indian philosophy,music and literature serve as the Castalia of Hoist,and even help to mold his partial personality.This article aims at analyzing the origin of Hoist's"Indian"works and the features of relevant composin9 techniques through his"Indian"opera Sita.%作为现代英国最杰出的作曲家之一,古斯塔夫.霍尔斯特在音乐写作上,除了大胆地进行和声的实验外,也采用了多调性的作曲手法。其创作生涯乃至整个人生都与印度这个神秘的东方国家有着千丝万缕的联系。印度的哲学、音乐和文学等为他的创作提供了灵感和源泉,成为塑造他个性的一部分。从霍尔斯特早期歌剧《悉多》入手,我们可以分析其创作中"印度风格"的成因及作曲技法。

  14. A hundred-year of Karl Jaspers' General Psychopathology (Allgemeine Psychopathologie - 1913-2013: a pivotal book in the history of Psychiatry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Egidio Nardi

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available After a hundred-years of its publication, the Karl Jaspers' book, General Psychopathology, is still an indispensable book to psychiatrists and for all those who study psychopathology. It's a clear delineation of the phenomenological method for describing the symptoms of mental disorders that remains unmatched until nowadays. The book focuses on the relevance of phenomenological and hermeneutical methods in psychopathology. Although this work is grounded in the clinical thought and practices of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, Jaspers' delineation of psychiatric methods in this work is still evaluated as unmatched to this day, a work that is indispensable to contemporary psychiatry. Jaspers also contributed with important articles and book reviews to psychiatric periodicals during the first two decades of the twentieth century.

  15. Removal of Gangue Minerals Containing Major Elements from Karlıova-Derinçay (Bingöl) Lignite Using a Reverse Flotation Method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Temel, Halime Abakay

    2015-12-01

    The removal of gangue minerals containing major elements was investigated using a reverse flotation method. Experiments were conducted on lignite samples, with high-ash and low-sulphur contents taken from a lignite field in Karlıova-Derinçay (Bingöl), Turkey. Predominant gangue minerals in the samples were found to be quartz, gypsum, feldspar minerals, mica minerals, and clays (smectite group). Preliminary flotation studies showed that gangue materials are more buoyant than the lignite sample. Some parameters that markedly influence the effectiveness of reverse flotation, such as grinding time, pH, collector type and volume, frother type and volume, and salt, were investigated. Quartz was found to cause a major problem in terms of reverse flotation. Flotation measurements showed that anionic collectors in an acidic medium result in the following element reduction order: sulphur trioxide > ferric oxide > magnesium oxide > calcium oxide > silicon dioxide > aluminium oxide.

  16. The Pre-Anschluss Vienna School of Medicine - The medical scientists: Karl Landsteiner (1868-1943) and Otto Loewi (1873-1961).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shaw, Lily Bzl; Shaw, Robert A

    2016-08-01

    Two famous medical scientists are described whose major advances were made largely from laboratory-based research. Karl Landsteiner, who received the Nobel Prize in 1930, was the discoverer or co-discoverer of the blood groups and the Rhesus factor. He contributed to the understanding of poliomyelitis, syphilis and typhus. He made major contributions to immunology, inter alia by isolating haptens. After World War I, he left Austria and continued his work initially in the Netherlands and then at the Rockefeller Institute in the USA. Otto Loewi, a pharmacologist, received his Nobel Prize (jointly with his life-long friend, Sir Henry Dale) in 1936 for his discovery that acetylcholine was the chemical agent for the stimulation of autonomic nerves to transmit to the organs they govern. He also made numerous other contributions including the demonstration that amino acids could be converted by animals to proteins. He left Austria after the Anschluss and settled in the USA.

  17. The proposals that perhaps Karl Popper had propelled facing the enemies the open society of nowadays: for the XXI century, the reformism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Guillermo Estay Sepúlveda

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available During his complete work, the philosopher Karl Popper criticized in a strongly way the totalitarianism of the XX century, which was lived by him directly. We do not have any doubt that nowadays, he would speak with a louder tone in front of the other bad situation in politics which is observed in the horizon ad portas of the third decade of the new millennium, that is to say the fundamentalism. Although it is true, the Austrian philosopher attacks the political totalitarian regimes with the democracy, he is also a critic of it and at the same time, being a defender to the death of dialogue, he does not doubt in putting in front of the tyranny, the principles of tyrannicide.

  18. A apropriação de uma fé filosófica como intenção formativa de Karl Jaspers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferdinand Röhr

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Karl Jaspers did not belong to any philosophical school when he took up his chair of Philosophy in Heidelberg. He was a doctor of medicine and the founder of psychopathology as a scientific field. He developed a kind of appropriation of the existential substance found in the great philosophers, out of which he constructed his own doctrine, periechontology, as an antidote to all and any forms of reductionism and dogmatism. Existential contemplation and communication became the foundations on which a philosophical lifestyle was to be built, the aim of which was to reach one’s own philosophical faith. This article is intended to demonstrate how the existential appropriation of philosophy can contribute to helping any individual to confidently acquire a philosophical faith, and thereby, helpimg to form human beings in an age in which insecurity is rife.

  19. Recension de The Birth Of Chinese Feminism. Essential Texts in Transnational Theory. by L. H. Liu, R. E. Karl & D. Ko

    OpenAIRE

    Abbou, Julie

    2015-01-01

    Comment s'en sortir, 1; Recension de l'ouvrage The Birth Of Chinese Feminism. Essential Texts in Transnational Theory, édité par L. H. Liu, R. E. Karl & D. Ko.Cet ouvrage offre la première traduction en anglais des textes de la féministe anarchiste chinoise He-Yin Zhen, qui, au début du 20° siècle, voit dans la catégorisation de genre le modèle de toute catégorisation : un dispositif de pouvoir qui répartit la société selon un principe de domination, un mécanisme de division conceptuelle. Les...

  20. A hundred-year of Karl Jaspers' General Psychopathology (Allgemeine Psychopathologie)--1913-2013: a pivotal book in the history of psychiatry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nardi, Antonio Egidio; Freire, Rafael Christophe; Machado, Sergio; Silva, Adriana Cardoso; Crippa, José Alexandre

    2013-07-01

    After a hundred-years of its publication, the Karl Jaspers' book, General Psychopathology, is still an indispensable book to psychiatrists and for all those who study psychopathology. It's a clear delineation of the phenomenological method for describing the symptoms of mental disorders that remains unmatched until nowadays. The book focuses on the relevance of phenomenological and hermeneutical methods in psychopathology. Although this work is grounded in the clinical thought and practices of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, Jaspers' delineation of psychiatric methods in this work is still evaluated as unmatched to this day, a work that is indispensable to contemporary psychiatry. Jaspers also contributed with important articles and book reviews to psychiatric periodicals during the first two decades of the twentieth century.

  1. Interference-free coulometric titration of water in lithium bis(oxalato)borate using Karl Fischer reagents based on N-methylformamide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larsson, William; Panitz, Jan-Christoph; Cedergren, Anders

    2006-03-15

    A non-alcoholic coulometric reagent based on N-methylformamide (NMF) was shown to eliminate the severe interference effect caused by the alcohol component of the conventional Karl Fischer (KF) reagent on the battery electrolyte lithium bis(oxalato)borate (LiBOB). For sample amounts up to 240 microg of water, the stoichiometry of the KF reaction deviated only slightly from the ideal 1:1 ratio for the best reagent composition. Both solid and dissolved (in acetonitrile, tetrahydrofuran (THF), and ethylene carbonate/ethyl methyl carbonate) LiBOB were titrated successfully using a Metrohm 756 KF Coulometer with a diaphragm cell. The detection limit was estimated to be 0.5-1 microg of water using 100ml of reagent in this system.

  2. Corrección a una equivocación de Karl Pearson (1904: la suma de fracciones de Mendel no produce acoplamientos genéticos incompletos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Conrado Ruiz Hernández

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A comienzos del siglo xx, matemáticos prominentes encontraron una conexión entre el binomio de Newton y las leyes de Mendel con el objetivo de proyectarla a poblaciones enteras considerando a descendientes de varias generaciones. Dentro de esta búsqueda, en 1904 Karl Pearson formuló objeciones sobre los preceptos de Mendel, en particular respecto a los descendientes puros (dominantes y recesivos, que provienen de progenitores híbridos que a su parecer se constituyen en acoplamientos genéticos incompletos, resultado de la suma de fracciones. Se realiza el análisis matemático de este algoritmo (considerando el contexto biológico de su aplicación y se concluye que los descendientes puros previstos en las leyes de Mendel son acoplamientos genéticos completos.

  3. Releyendo a Karl Polanyi: algunas consideraciones sobre los aportes de su obra a la historiografía contemporánea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Portelli, María Belén

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available En un clima de insatisfacción hacia los enfoques macro-estructurales y de recuperación de la acción estructurante de los agentes sociales, la historiografía de las últimas décadas ha emprendido el retorno a los textos clásicos desde renovadas perspectivas metodológicas, con el fin de aclarar algunos aspectos poco contemplados en lecturas previas y encontrar en ellos nuevas claves interpretativas para la construcción del conocimiento histórico. En este marco de relectura de los clásicos, la obra de Karl Polanyi ha recibido una considerable atención, debido a la vigencia y pertinencia de sus ideas para el análisis de los fenómenos sociales y económicos del pasado, en especial por su abordaje de la economía como una esfera de la realidad social, en permanente interacción con la política, la cultura y la sociedad. A continuación, procuramos analizar la relación entre las ideas centrales de Polanyi y las líneas teóricas y metodológicas de la historiografía contemporánea, en un intento de desentrañar los aportes que brinda su relectura frente a los problemas y desafíos que enfrentan los historiadores en la actualidad.Dealing with the rupture with structural approaches and the return of the human agency, historical studies have recently embarqued to a return to the classics from new methodological directions, seeking for new clues to build the historical knowledge.Within the framework of this return to the classics, the work of Karl Polanyi has received an important consideration because of the validity of his ideas for the studying of the economical and social events of the past, in special for his attention to the economics as a sphere of society, related to others like politics, culture and social relations.This article seeks to examine the links between the methodological and conceptual apparatus of Polanyi and the most recent approaches of historiography, trying to show his contributions to the new problems and

  4. 试论马克思和恩格斯的实践正义观及其理论构建%Theoretical Construction of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels' Practical Justice Viewpoints

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王浩斌

    2009-01-01

    Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels in fact became the fundamental viewpoints about equity and justice on the process of criticizing capitalist social irregularity; Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels'practical justice viewpoints are very practical, which are the practical justice viewpoints. Around the corpus, social and historic, Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels completed the theoretical construction of practical justice viewpoints about the individual freedom, social equality,and historical progresses.%马克思和恩格斯在批判资本主义社会制度弊端的基础上,形成了对于平等、公平及正义的基本观点;马克思和恩格斯的正义观具有很强的实践性,是一种实践正义观.围绕着实践的主体性、社会性以及历史性,马克思和恩格斯完成了基于个体自由、社会平等以及历史进步的实践正义观的理论构建.

  5. Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array observations of cold dust and molecular gas in starbursting quasar host galaxies at z~4.5

    CERN Document Server

    Wagg, J; Aravena, M; Cox, P; Lentati, L; Maiolino, R; McMahon, R G; Riechers, D; Walter, F; Andreani, P; Hills, R; Wolfe, A

    2014-01-01

    We present Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array (VLA) observations of 44 GHz continuum and CO J=2-1 line emission in BR1202-0725 at z=4.7 (a starburst galaxy and quasar pair) and BRI1335-0417 at z=4.4 (also hosting a quasar). With the full 8 GHz bandwidth capabilities of the upgraded VLA, we study the (rest-frame) 250 GHz thermal dust continuum emission for the first time along with the cold molecular gas traced by the Low-J CO line emission. The measured CO J=2-1 line luminosities of BR1202-0725 are L'(CO) = (8.7+/-0.8)x10^10 K km/s pc^2 and L'(CO) = (6.0+/-0.5)x10^10 K km/s pc^2 for the submm galaxy (SMG) and quasar, which are equal to previous measurements of the CO J=5-4 line luminosities implying thermalized line emission and we estimate a combined cold molecular gas mass of ~9x10^10 Msun. In BRI1335-0417 we measure L'(CO) = (7.3+/-0.6)x10^10 K km/s pc^2. We detect continuum emission in the SMG BR1202-0725 North (S(44GHz) = 51+/-6 microJy), while the quasar is detected with S(44GHz) = 24+/-6 microJy and in BR...

  6. A deep / wide 1-2 GHz snapshot survey of SDSS Stripe 82 using the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array in a compact hybrid configuration

    CERN Document Server

    Heywood, I; Baker, A J; Bannister, K W; Carvalho, C S; Hardcastle, M; Hilton, M; Moodley, K; Smirnov, O M; Smith, D J B; White, S V; Wollack, E J

    2016-01-01

    We have used the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array to image ~100 sq. deg. of SDSS Stripe 82 at 1-2 GHz. The survey consists of 1,026 snapshot observations of 2.5 minutes duration, using the hybrid CnB configuration. The survey has good sensitivity to diffuse, low surface brightness structures and extended radio emission, making it highly synergistic with existing 1.4 GHz radio observations of the region. The principal data products are continuum images, with 16 x 10 arcsecond resolution, and a catalogue containing 11,782 point and Gaussian components resulting from fits to the thresholded Stokes-I brightness distribution, forming approximately 8,948 unique radio sources. The typical effective 1{\\sigma} noise level is 88 {\\mu}Jy / beam. Spectral index estimates are included, as derived from the 1 GHz of instantaneous bandwidth. Astrometric and photometric accuracy are in excellent agreement with existing narrowband observations. A large-scale simulation is used to investigate clean bias, which we extend into the...

  7. Imagens nos livros didáticos de matemática: Georg Augusto Büchler e Karl Sölter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Circe Mary Silva da Silva

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo aborda, numa perspectiva da história cultural, a utilização de imagens em livros didáticos de matemática escritos por George Augusto Büchler e Karl Sölter. A primeira obra, de autoria de Büchler, foi escrita em 1919 e visava ao público escolar de grupos escolares e escolas alemã-brasileiras; a segunda, de Sölter, foi editada em 1932 e era destinada ao ensino primário. A inserção das imagens nos dois livros examinados (os quais foram produzidos com base no método intuitivo teve, segundo nosso entendimento, intenção didática, embora não exclusivamente, já que algumas imagens são de cunho ideológico. Ambos os autores incluíram imagens em suas obras, tornando-as mais atrativas aos olhos infantis e distanciando-as da abstração tão criticada por Pestalozzi. Quanto aos conteúdos matemáticos nelas apresentados, estes estão centrados nas noções elementares da aritmética, numa conexão estreita entre a vida infantil e a vida escolar da criança.

  8. Between tradition and innovation: the anthropoligical investigation of Karl von den Steinen in the region of the Xingú headwaters (1883-1887 and their significance for the German Americanism of the 19th Century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rebok, Sandra

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available This essay attempts to analyze the anthropological and ethnographical studies realized by the German traveller and scientist Karl von den Steinen at the end of the 19th century in the region of the river Xingu in Central Brazil. First a short overview will be given of both expeditions directed by him and their scientific concerns. Then the ideological and thematical orientation of the americanism of this epoch will be contrasted with the research undertaken by Karl von den Steinen in Brazil, in order to illustrate the ways in which he worked in the tradition of his time and in which aspects he departed from this framework and effected innovations in his research. After this analysis of the contributions of Karl von den Steinen to the development of German americanism, this article focuses on the question of, to which point his studies are still relevant today and if his methodology and its results continue to be valid in our time. Finally, the relationship of his ideological orientation with those of his predecessors and his successors will be thematized in order to explore Karl von den Steinen’s influences and whom he, in turn, influenced.Este artículo analiza los estudios antropológicos llevados a cabo por el viajero y científico alemán Karl von den Steinen a finales del siglo XIX en la región del río Xingú en Brasil Central. En primer lugar se ofrece una breve introducción sobre las dos expediciones por él dirigidas así como sobre los intereses científicos que las motivaron. A continuación se contrapone la orientación ideológica y temática del americanismo de la época con la investigación de Karl von den Steinen en Brasil, con objeto de ver en qué sentido ha trabajado siguiendo las pautas metodológicas habituales de su época y en qué aspectos ha abandonado ese marco tradicional a fin de desarrollar innovaciones en la investigación. Tras este análisis de la contribución de von den Steinen al desarrollo del

  9. August Weizenbergi rahumõtted / Gustav Suits

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Suits, Gustav, 1883-1956

    2002-01-01

    Esmakordselt ilmunud: Isamaa, 28., 30. Jun. 1906, nr. 49-50. Ajendatud A. Weizenbergi kirjutisest "Kihutused" ajalehes "Isamaa", 1906, nr. 44-47. Vt. ka: August Weizenberg: vastus härra Spectatorile, Suits, G. Vabaduse väraval, lk. 403-409

  10. August Kitzberg [1855-1927] / Gustav Suits

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Suits, Gustav, 1883-1956

    1999-01-01

    Varem ilmunud: Tulimuld, 1956, nr. 3. . Sisaldab ka artikleid: "Tuulte pöörises" : esietendus (varem ilmunud: Isamaa, 1906, nr. 71, 72) ; Antagu Kitzbergile, mis Kitzbergi päralt! (varem ilmunud: Päevaleht, 1915, nr. 295) ; Heale kirjanikule, heale inimesele (varem ilmunud: Postimees, 1927, nr. 276)

  11. William James, Gustav Fechner, and Early Psychophysics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephanie L. Hawkins

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available American psychologist and philosopher William James devoted the entirety of his career to exploring the nature of volition, as expressed by such phenomena as will, attention, and belief. As part of that endeavor, James's unorthodox scientific pursuits, from his experiments with nitrous oxide and hallucinogenic drugs to his investigation of spiritualist mediums, represent his attempt to address the "hard problems" of consciousness for which his training in brain physiology and experimental psychology could not entirely account. As a student, James's reading in chemistry and physics had sparked his interest in the concepts of energy and force, terms that he later deployed in his writing about consciousness and in his arguments against philosophical monism and scientific materialism, as he developed his radically empiricist ideas privileging discontinuity and plurality. Despite James's long campaign against scientific materialism, he was, however, convinced of the existence of a naturalistic explanation for the more "wayward and fitful" aspects of mind, including transcendent experiences associated with hysteria, genius, and religious ecstasy. In this paper, I examine aspects of James's thought that are still important for contemporary debates in psychology and neuroscience: his "transmission theory" of consciousness, his ideas on the "knowing of things together," and, finally, the related concept of "the compounding of consciousness," which postulates the theoretical possibility for individual entities within a conscious system of thought to "know" the thoughts of others within the system. Taken together, these ideas suggest that James, in spite of, or perhaps because of, his forays into metaphysics, was working toward a naturalistic understanding of consciousness, what I will term a "distributive model," based on his understanding of consciousness as an "awareness" that interacts dynamically within, and in relation to, its environment.

  12. William james, gustav fechner, and early psychophysics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hawkins, Stephanie L

    2011-01-01

    American psychologist and philosopher William James devoted the entirety of his career to exploring the nature of volition, as expressed by such phenomena as will, attention, and belief. As part of that endeavor, James's unorthodox scientific pursuits, from his experiments with nitrous oxide and hallucinogenic drugs to his investigation of spiritualist mediums, represent his attempt to address the "hard problems" of consciousness for which his training in brain physiology and experimental psychology could not entirely account. As a student, James's reading in chemistry and physics had sparked his interest in the concepts of energy and force, terms that he later deployed in his writing about consciousness and in his arguments against philosophical monism and scientific materialism, as he developed his "radically empiricist" ideas privileging discontinuity and plurality. Despite James's long campaign against scientific materialism, he was, however, convinced of the existence of a naturalistic explanation for the more "wayward and fitful" aspects of mind, including transcendent experiences associated with hysteria, genius, and religious ecstasy. In this paper, I examine aspects of James's thought that are still important for contemporary debates in psychology and neuroscience: his "transmission theory" of consciousness, his ideas on the "knowing of things together," and, finally, the related concept of "the compounding of consciousness," which postulates the theoretical possibility for individual entities within a conscious system of thought to "know" the thoughts of others within the system. Taken together, these ideas suggest that James, in spite of, or perhaps because of, his forays into metaphysics, was working toward a naturalistic understanding of consciousness, what I will term a "distributive model," based on his understanding of consciousness as an "awareness" that interacts dynamically within, and in relation to, its environment.

  13. Eduard Vilde [1865-1933] / Gustav Suits

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Suits, Gustav, 1883-1956

    1999-01-01

    Sisu: Noor Nalja-Vilde (varem ilmunud: Looming, 1925, nr. 3) ; Eduard Vilde maapaos (varem ilmunud: Tulimuld, 1950, nr. 1), Eduard Vilde pärast maapagu (varem ilmunud: Tulimuld, 1950, nr. 2 ; Eduard Vilde viimased aastad (varem ilmunud: Tulimuld, 1950, nr. 3)

  14. Updates of the KArLE Experiment: New Libs Calibration Under High Vacuum for the Quantification of Potassium in Basalt for In Situ Geochronology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Devismes, D.; Cohen, B. A.; Li, Z.-H.; Miller, J. S.

    2014-01-01

    In planetary exploration, in situ absolute geochronology is one of the main important measurements that needs to be accomplished. Until now, on Mars, the age of the surface is only determined by crater density counting, which gives relative ages. These ages can have a lot of uncertainty as they depend on many parameters. More than that, the curves must be ties to absolute ages. Thus far, only the lost lander Beagle 2 was designed to conduct absolute geochronology measurements, though some recent attempts using MSL Curiosity show that this investigation is feasible and should be strongly encouraged for future flight. Experimental: The Potassium (K)-Argon Laser Experiment (KArLE) is being developed at MSFC through the NASA Planetary Instrument Definition and Development Program (PIDDP). The goal of this experiment is to provide in situ geochronology based on the K-Ar method. A laser ablates a rock under high vacuum, creating a plasma which is sensed by an optical spectrometer to do Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS). The ablated material frees gases, including radiogenic 40Ar,which is measured by a mass spectrometer (MS). As the potassium is a content and the 40Ar is a quantity, the ablated mass needed in order to relate them. The mass is given by the product of the ablated volume by the density of this material. So we determine the mineralogy of the ablated material with the LIBS spectra and images and calculate its density. The volume of the pit is measured by using microscopy. LIBS measurement of K under high vacuum: Three independant projects [1, 2, 3] including KArLE, are developing geochronological instruments based on this LA-LIBS-MS method. Despite several differences in their setup, all of them have validated the methods with analyses and ages. However, they all described difficulties with the LIBS measurements of K [3,4]. At ambient pressure, the quantification of K by LIBS on geological materials can be accurate [5]. However the protocol of the LA

  15. A deep/wide 1-2 GHz snapshot survey of SDSS Stripe 82 using the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array in a compact hybrid configuration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heywood, I.; Jarvis, M. J.; Baker, A. J.; Bannister, K. W.; Carvalho, C. S.; Hardcastle, M.; Hilton, M.; Moodley, K.; Smirnov, O. M.; Smith, D. J. B.; White, S. V.; Wollack, E. J.

    2016-08-01

    We have used the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array to image ˜100 deg2 of SDSS Stripe 82 at 1-2 GHz. The survey consists of 1026 snapshot observations of 2.5 min duration, using the hybrid CnB configuration. The survey has good sensitivity to diffuse, low surface brightness structures and extended radio emission, making it highly synergistic with existing 1.4 GHz radio observations of the region. The principal data products are continuum images, with 16 × 10 arcsec resolution, and a catalogue containing 11 782 point and Gaussian components resulting from fits to the thresholded Stokes-I brightness distribution, forming approximately 8948 unique radio sources. The typical effective 1σ noise level is 88 μJy beam-1. Spectral index estimates are included, as derived from the 1 GHz of instantaneous bandwidth. Astrometric and photometric accuracy are in excellent agreement with existing narrowband observations. A large-scale simulation is used to investigate clean bias, which we extend into the spectral domain. Clean bias remains an issue for snapshot surveys with the VLA, affecting our total intensity measurements at the ˜1σ level. Statistical spectral index measurements are in good agreement with existing measurements derived from matching separate surveys at two frequencies. At flux densities below ˜35σ the median in-band spectral index measurements begin to exhibit a bias towards flatness that is dependent on both flux density and the intrinsic spectral index. In-band spectral curvature measurements are likely to be unreliable for all but the very brightest components. Image products and catalogues are publicly available via an FTP server.

  16. 用卡氏库仑法测定二氧化铀中的水分%Determination of water content in uranium dioxide with Karl Fisher coulometer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王春叶; 杜桂荣; 谢树军; 李晓红; 朱小良

    2011-01-01

    The method of determining water content in uranium dioxide with Karl Fisher coulometer is introduced, and the instrument conditions were optimized. Air is taken as carrier gas, carrier gas f low rate is 40-60 mL/min, the temperature of Cassette furnace is 200 ℃, stirring rate of titration cell is 300-900 r/min, the extraction time is 800 s. Under the above conditions, water content in uranium dioxide was determined. The detection limit of the method is 38 μg/g, the relative standard deviation is less than 1. 76%(n = 6), and standard addition recovery is 93. 6%-99.1%.%介绍测定二氧化铀中水分的卡尔费休库仑法及条件参数的优化.采用以下条件参数对二氧化铀中的水分进行测定:空气作载气,载气流速为60 mL/min,卡氏炉温度为200℃,滴定池的搅拌速度为600 r/min,萃取时间为800 s.方法检出限为38 μg/g,6次平行测定的相对标准偏差为1.76%,标准加入的回收率为93.6%~99.1%.

  17. 马克思恩格斯的劳资利益关系思想%A Research on Karl Marx and Engels’ Labor Relations thought

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张峰

    2014-01-01

    Along with the development of non-public economy, the conflict of capital and labor is becoming increasingly serious. Considering the fact that more and more people are working in the non-public economy, it is of great importance to the research of the relation between capital and labor. Labor relation is the core of Marx and Engels’ theory, through the research on the theory of the exploration between the capital and labor, Marx and Engels constructed the theory mansion of scientific socialism. The thoughts of Karl Marx and Engels’ Labor Relations include the basis of labor relations;the exploitation of capitalism and the conflict, the power of capital on labor, the accumulation of capital and the income gap, the rule of labor unions, the international labor relations etc.%近年来,随着非公有制经济的发展,非公有制领域就业人口的逐渐增多,劳资矛盾冲突问题越来越突出。劳资关系是马克思恩格斯研究的核心,通过分析资本对劳动的剥削理论,马克思恩格斯构建起来科学社会主义的理论大厦。马克思恩格斯的劳资关系思想主要包括劳资关系形成的基础、资本对劳动的剥削与劳资矛盾、资本对劳动的权力、资本积累收入差距、工会在劳资关系中的作用、世界市场与国际劳资关系等内容。

  18. Comparison between THE oven and THE Karl Fischer methodS for THE determination of the moisture content of maize (Zea mays L. and soya (Glycine max (L Merrill seeds

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.A.A TILLMANN

    1996-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective of the present paper was to compare the seed water content of maize and soya, obtained by the oven method at different temperatures and the Karl Fischer method. The water contents used were 11.2 %, 12.8 % and 16.2 % for maize and 10.7 %, 12.4 % and 16.0 % for soya. Samples were dried for a sufficiently long time in order to obtain the same results in both methods. The results indicate that the official method for seed moisture determination (105oC oven method should be revised in order to obtain more reliable results. The drying time in the oven varied according to the seed water content and the temperature used.O objetivo da pesquisa foi comparar os teores de água de sementes de milho e de soja obtidos pelos métodos da estufa e de Karl Fischer. Os teores de água utilizados foram 11,2% 12,8% e 16,2% para sementes de milho e 10,7%, 12,4% e 16,0% para sementes de soja. Para as determinações dos teores de água nas sementes foi utilizado o método da estufa com diferentes temperaturas, sendo as amostras secadas por um período suficiente para obter os mesmos resultados obtidos pelo método de Karl Fischer. Os resultados indicaram que o método oficial para a determinação do teor de água em sementes (método da estufa, a 105oC precisa ser revisado para a obtenção de resultados com maior precisão. O tempo de permanência das sementes na estufa, para a determinação da umidade, varia conforme o teor de água das sementes e da temperatura utilizada.

  19. Antropología filosófica relacional en la obra de Paulo Freire: diálogos con la teoría crítica de Karl Marx

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diego Alejandro Muñoz Gaviria

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Este texto realiza un acercamiento antropológico-filosófico a los puntos de conexión existentes entre las ideas filosóficas y políticas de Karl Marx y las ideas filosóficas, políticas y pedagógicas de Pulo Freire. La tesis central es sustentar este diálogo de los autores con base en la defensa de una antropología filosófica relacional, que reivindica en el ser humano sus dimensiones sociales, históricas y transformadoras.

  20. Determination of the analytical performance of a headspace capillary gas chromatographic technique and karl Fischer coulometric titration by system calibration using oil samples containing known amounts of moisture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jalbert, J; Gilbert, R; Tétreault, P

    1999-08-01

    Over the past few years, concerns have been raised in the literature about the accuracy of the Karl Fischer (KF) method for assessing moisture in transformer mineral oils. To better understand this issue, the performance of a static headspace capillary gas chromatographic (HS-CGC) technique was compared to that of KF coulometric titration by analyzing moisture in samples containing known amounts of water and various samples obtained from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). Two modes of adding samples into the KF vessel were used:  direct injection and indirect injection via an azeotropic distillation of the moisture with toluene. Under the conditions used for direct injection, the oil matrix was totally dissolved in the anolyte, which allowed the moisture to be titrated in a single-phase solution rather than in a suspension. The results have shown that when HS-CGC and combined azeotropic distillation/KF titration are calibrated with moisture-in-oil standards, a linear relation is observed over 0-60 ppm H(2)O with a correlation coefficient better than 0.9994 (95% confidence), with the regression line crossing through zero. A similar relation can also be observed when calibration is achieved by direct KF addition of standards prepared with octanol-1, but in this case an intercept of 4-5 ppm is noted. The amount of moisture determined by curve interpolation in NIST reference materials by the three calibrated systems ranges from 13.0 to 14.8 ppm for RM 8506 and 42.5 to 46.4 ppm for RM 8507, and in any case, the results were as high as those reported in the literature with volumetric KF titration. However, titration of various dehydrated oil and solvent samples showed that direct KF titration is affected by a small bias when samples contain very little moisture. The source of error after correction for the large sample volume used for the determination (8 mL) is about 6 ppm for Voltesso naphthenic oil and 4 ppm for toluene, revealing a matrix

  1. Anorexia nervosa in light of Karl Jaspers and Erich Fromm’s ideas and social constructivism – hypotheses and thoughts [Anoreksja psychiczna z perspektywy koncepcji Karla Jaspersa, Ericha Fromma oraz nurtu konstrukcjonizmu społecznego – hipotezy i refleksje

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Talarczyk, Małgorzata

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available e point of the article is to analyse and reflect on certain symptoms of anorexia nervosa in light of Karl Jaspers and Erich Fromm’s ideas and social constructivism. Contemplating the disorder in view of the philosophical ideas mentioned earlier, the author analyses such aspects of patients as: functioning on the verge of life and death, the paradoxical struggle to escape from freedom in search of independence, as well as various understandings and descriptions of anorexia in consideration of social constructivism. The author shares thoughts and poses hypotheses, trying to view anorexia in light of selected philosophical and psychological ideas, which in their general assumptions were not concerned with defining nor analysing anorexia nervosa. In view of Karl Jaspers’ ideas, the author focuses on the so called ‘limit-situations’, in the ideas of Erich Fromm she takes notice in „Escape from Freedom” to new relations. Finally in the light of social constructivism the author focuses on the cultural context.

  2. Teología del Cuerpo Místico, Comunión de los Santos y pensamiento social en San Alberto Hurtado: La influencia de Émile Mersch y Karl Adam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fredy Parra

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo estudia los vínculos de San Alberto Hurtado con el movimiento de renovación teológica europea (nouvelle théologie que él conoce entre los años treinta y cuarenta del siglo XX y se concentra en la teología del cuerpo místico que inspiró su vida espiritual, eclesial, pastoral e intelectual. La investigación muestra la presencia e influencia de los teólogos Émile Mersch y Karl Adam en el pensamiento teológico de San Alberto Hurtado y, sobre todo, en el desarrollo de las principales ideas ético-sociales que orientaron su misión en Chile y su vida consagrada especialmente a los pobres y desamparados de la sociedad.The article studies the links of San Alberto Hurtado with the movement of European theological renewal (nouvelle théologie which he knew between the 1930s and 1940s, and focuses on the theology of the mystical body that inspired his spiritual, ecclesial, pastoral and intellectual life. The investigation shows the presence and influence of the theologians Emile Mersch and Karl Adam in St. Alberto Hurtado´s theological thought and especially in the development of the main ethical-social ideas that oriented his mission in Chile and in his life devoted especially to the poor and helpless of society.

  3. A Review of Karl Poppers′ Political Philosophy%在历史与未来之间:卡尔·波普尔政治哲学评述

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张弛

    2013-01-01

      第二次世界大战给人类带来了血腥的代价和沉痛的历史反思,进而引发了诸多学者对于极权主义(totalitarianism)的深刻批判。批判理性主义思想家卡尔·波普尔以其独特的“反历史主义”方法论对极权主义的政治哲学根源进行了深入挖掘,并在后现代思想界产生了深远影响。本文试图对波普尔的政治哲学理论进行梳理,并对其学理价值进行简要评析。%World War II has caused vast human suffering and has led to painful reflection on history and criticism of totalitarianism. Karl Popper, anti-rationalists, has examined the political philosophy root of totalitarianism from his unique anti-historicism perspective and has exerted far-reaching influence among postmodern thinkers. This paper analyzes Karl Popper′ s Political Philosophy theory and gives comments on its academic value.

  4. Kirjad vallutatud Hiinast / Karl Rumor

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rumor, Karl, pseud., 1886-1971

    2008-01-01

    1937. a. alanud Hiina-Jaapani sõjast, poliitlistest oludest ja revolutsioonist Hiinas, hiinlastest ja Hiina suhetest teiste riikidega. Varem ilmunud: Uus Eesti 19.-20. aug, 1938, nr. 226-227; 12.-13., 16. sept. 1938, nr. 250-251, 254

  5. Die etiek van Karl Barth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. H. van Wyk

    1986-06-01

    Full Text Available Die etiek van Barth kan nie reg verstaan word sonder begrip van sy ganse teologiese agtergrond en opset, en ek wil byvoeg: sonder die besondere tydsomstandighede (oorlog! waarin hy geleef en gewerk het nie. Dit is verder bekend dat in sy teologiese ontwikkeling verskillende figure groot invloed op hom uitgeoefen het.

  6. Teadusmalevlased meisterdasid magnetpuuri / Karl Reinkubjas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reinkubjas, Karl

    2015-01-01

    Mart Noorma algatatud Teadusmaleva projekti eesmärk on pakkuda noortele võimalust sisustada oma suvi ning töötada teadusasutuses. Tänavu oli ülesandeks ehitada magnetvälja tekitav Helmholtzi puur

  7. India vabadusliikumine / Karl Ast Rumor

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ast Rumor, Karl

    2007-01-01

    Vastuhakkamisest Inglise võimudele 1857. ja 1930. aastal. Liikumine, mille eesotsas seisab Gandhi, põlvneb igivanast hindu enesetundest, selle eesmärgiks on enesemääramine, mitte ainult poliitiliset, vaid ka kultuuriliselt, usuliselt ja lõpuks ka majanduslikult, rippumatus mitte ainult Inglismaast, vaid Euroopast ning Läänest üldse. Varem ilmunud : "Nool" 31. mai, 7., 14., 21. juuni 1930, nr. 27-30

  8. Vineerist prillide valmistamine / Karl Annus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Annus, Karl

    2011-01-01

    Töö eesmärgiks oli anda ülevaade puidust ergonoomiliste prillide valmistamisest kolmele konkreetsele isikule alates visandite kujundamisest kuni praktilise teostuseni. Käsitletakse prillide ajalugu, erinevaid raamitüüpe, erialast terminoloogiat ning kirjeldatakse põhjalikult prillide valmistamise protsessi

  9. Vineerist prillide valmistamine / Karl Annus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Annus, Karl

    2011-01-01

    Töö eesmärgiks oli anda ülevaade puidust ergonoomiliste prillide valmistamisest kolmele konkreetsele isikule alates visandite kujundamisest kuni praktilise teostuseni. Käsitletakse prillide ajalugu, erinevaid raamitüüpe, erialast terminoloogiat ning kirjeldatakse põhjalikult prillide valmistamise protsessi

  10. India vabadusliikumine / Karl Ast Rumor

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ast Rumor, Karl

    2007-01-01

    Vastuhakkamisest Inglise võimudele 1857. ja 1930. aastal. Liikumine, mille eesotsas seisab Gandhi, põlvneb igivanast hindu enesetundest, selle eesmärgiks on enesemääramine, mitte ainult poliitiliset, vaid ka kultuuriliselt, usuliselt ja lõpuks ka majanduslikult, rippumatus mitte ainult Inglismaast, vaid Euroopast ning Läänest üldse. Varem ilmunud : "Nool" 31. mai, 7., 14., 21. juuni 1930, nr. 27-30

  11. Religião, Teologia e Antropologia: o confronto entre Karl Barth e Ludwig Feuerbach (Religion, theology and anthropology: the confrontation between Karl Barth and Ludwig Feuerbach - DOI: 10.5752/P.2175-5841.2009v7n14p156

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriani Milli Rodrigues

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Resumo O objetivo deste artigo é sintetizar os principais elementos do confronto entre o pensamento do teólogo reformado Karl Barth e o do filósofo alemão Ludwig Feuerbach com relação aos temas da religião, teologia e antropologia, que na abordagem de ambos apresentam conexão direta. Para tanto, este estudo inicia-se com uma panorâmica apresentação feuerbachiana da interpretação antropológica da teologia e religião, particularmente a partir de sua obra mais famosa “A Essência do Cristianismo”, que conduz às suas conclusões de ataque à teologia e re-significação da função da religião. A seguir, a reação de Barth às idéias de Feuerbach são contempladas, a partir de sua visão teológica teocêntrica. Nesse sentido, há a exposição de duas fases da reação barthiana ao pensamento de Feuerbach. Na primeira delas Barth apresenta certos elementos de concordância e aproveitamento das noções feuerbachinas, ao passo que na segunda fase a discordância é total. Em suas conclusões o artigo aponta que o debate entre Barth e Feuerbach gira em torno da idéia de reducionismo teológico ou religioso, tão presente nos debates epistemológicos dos estudos em Ciências da Religião.  Palavras-chave: Barth; Feuerbach; teologia; religião; antropologia. Abstract This article aims to summarize the main elements of the confrontation between the reformed theologian Karl Barth’s conception and the German philosopher Ludwig Feuerbach’s thought concerning religion, theology and anthropology, which maintain straight connection in both approaches. For so much, this study begins with a feuerbachian panoramic presentation of the anthropological interpretation of theology and religion, particularly from his most famous work “The Essence of the Christianity”, which leads to his conclusions of attack upon theology and a re-signification of the function of religion. Thereafter, Barth’s reaction to Feuerbach’s ideas is

  12. La correspondencia entre José M. Otero Navascués y Karl Wirtz, un episodio de las relaciones internacionales de la Junta de Energía Nuclear

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Presas i Puig, Albert

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available Not available

    Es una idea compartida que durante el primer franquismo la ciencia española padeció el mismo aislamiento que el resto de la sociedad civil. Al igual que en otros sistemas totalitarios, la labor científica estaba determinada por las purgas ideológicas, el oportunismo político y la inercia de actitudes rutinarias. Pero también es cierto que hubo espacio para propuestas innovadoras y generadoras de nuevas tendencias equiparables a los estandares internacionales. La correspondencia entre José M. Otero y Karl Wirtz se concentra en la década de los años 50 y muestra cómo junto al discurso autoritario habían iniciativas empeñadas en conectar con las tendencias más modernas, en este caso de la investigación nuclear.

  13. A repercussão da sociologia do conhecimento de Karl Mannheim no Brasil: uma análise da presença do autor no país e nos estudos de administração [doi: 10.21529/RECADM.2015014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiza Venzke Bortoli

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Karl Mannheim foi um filósofo que buscou entender a Sociologia do Conhecimento de forma mais ampla: como uma filosofia ‘atemporal’, a qual pode tratar adequadamente os problemas que surgem da situação intelectual presente. Visto a contribuição teórica e metodológica desse estudioso, este artigo visa analisar o surgimento da Sociologia do Conhecimento de Karl Mannheim e a sua repercussão no Brasil. Para tanto, foi realizado um levantamento do panorama dos estudos na área de Administração, em artigos de 14 periódicos e 9 eventos, a fim de verificar o que vem sendo abordado sobre esse autor no Brasil, bem como identificar estudos e teorias que tem como base essa teoria sociológica. A análise mostra que, apesar de algumas restrições, é significativa a recepção da Sociologia do Conhecimento na sociologia brasileira, tendo impacto no conhecimento sobre a realidade social brasileira. Entretanto, os estudos de Administração no Brasil carecem de embasamento teórico de Karl Mannheim. Esse autor tem influência no conceito de geração, disseminação de cultura, análise de significação, colonialismo e na relação de conhecimento e existencialismo, embora, muitas vezes, sua contribuição teórica nos estudos relativos a esses temas seja negligenciada.   Palavras-Chave Sociologia do Conhecimento; Karl Mannheim; Presença no Brasil.     THE REPERCUSSION OF KARL MANNHEIM’S SOCIOLOGY OF KNOWLEDGE IN BRAZIL: AN ANALYSIS OF THE AUTHOR’S PRESENCE IN THE COUNTRY AND ON THE STUDIES OF BUSINESS   ABSTRACT Karl Mannheim was a philosopher who aimed to understand the sociology of knowledge as a ‘timeless’ philosophy, which can properly handle the problems that arise from the current intellectual situation. This study aims to analyze the emergence of Karl Mannheim's Sociology of Knowledge and its impact on Brazil. We carried out a survey in order to verify what has been made about this author in Brazil and to identify studies

  14. Naturen i den estniska poesin : från animism och panteism till zenbuddhism / Andres Ehin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ehin, Andres, 1940-2011

    2001-01-01

    Orig.: Loodus eesti luules: animismist ja panteismist kuni zen-buddhismini. Tekstis on rootsikeelseid luulenäiteid järgmiste eesti luuletajate loomingust: Kristjan Jaak Peterson, Karl Eduard Sööt, Ernst Enno, Gustav Suits, Henrik Visnapuu, Villem Ridala, Betti Alver, Uku Masing, Bernard Kangro, Kalju Lepik, Ilmar Laaban, Artur Alliksaar ja Hando Runnel.

  15. Katalog: Malerier, skulpturer, pasteller, tegninger

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Anderberg, Birgitte

    2011-01-01

    Tekster om Ordrupgaards samling af værker af Albert André, Anonym, Louis Anquetin, Antoine-Louis Barye, Eugène Boudin, Paul Cézanne, Camille Corot, Gustave Courbet, Thomas Couture, Charles-Francois Daubigny, Karl Daubigny, Honoré Daumier, Charles Despiiau, Diaz de la Peña, Jules Dupré, Théodore...

  16. Ausschüsse für Völkerrecht und für Nationalitätenrecht (1934-1942)

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2002-01-01

    Über Rolle ehemalige Prof. Dr Universtät Jurjev (Dorpat, Tartu) Alexander (Axel) August Gustav Johann Freiherr von Freitagh-Loringhofen (geb 1878 in Arensburg /Insel Ösel-1942 Breslau) ; Dr Werner Richard Karl Hasselblatt (geb 1890 in Dorpat-1958) - war ein wichtige Politiker Republik Estland bis 1933 und Autor Kulturautonomiegesetz Republik Estland (1925)

  17. I den sidste time

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Norup, Lis

    Indhold: Kritikkens kunst (Joris-Karl Huysmans: Spirituel naturalisme ; Matthias Grünewald ; Salomes dans. Walter Pater: Sandro Botticelli ; Leonardo da Vinci. Algernon Charles Swinburne: De gamle florentinske mestre. Gustave Moreau: Tankebilleder. Théophile Gautier: Dekadencens poesi. Paul Bourget...

  18. Ausschüsse für Völkerrecht und für Nationalitätenrecht (1934-1942)

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2002-01-01

    Über Rolle ehemalige Prof. Dr Universtät Jurjev (Dorpat, Tartu) Alexander (Axel) August Gustav Johann Freiherr von Freitagh-Loringhofen (geb 1878 in Arensburg /Insel Ösel-1942 Breslau) ; Dr Werner Richard Karl Hasselblatt (geb 1890 in Dorpat-1958) - war ein wichtige Politiker Republik Estland bis 1933 und Autor Kulturautonomiegesetz Republik Estland (1925)

  19. Mäletamine ja nostalgia Karl Ristikivi romaanis „Kõik, mis kunagi oli” ning Bernard Kangro Joonatani -romaanides. Remembering and Nostalgia in Karl Ristikivi`s novel „All that Once Was” and Bernard Kangro’s Joonatan-novels

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maarja Hollo

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Research on the phenomenon of nostalgia has been notably shaped by the interest taken by sociologists, historians, and ethnologists in the ways of remembering past events and the impact of these ways of reminiscence on different communities of memory. This article considers remembering in a narrower sense, focusing on the modes of expression of individual memory, that is, on nostalgia. More specifically, nostalgia is defined as a conglomeration of feelings, images and interpretations that accompany individual remembering; the contradictions between these elements reflect the tensions inherent in remembering. The purpose of the article is first to emphasize ways in which remembering is represented in the works of two Estonian writers who went into exile during World War II; second, differences among their novels which thematize remembering, and third, how these works communicate today, in the context of recent polemics around memory. Karl Ristikivi’s novel „All that Once Was” (Kõik, mis kunagi oli”, 1946, was his first work to be published in exile, and the first volume of a dilogy set in Estonia, which the writer had already planned before fleeing Estonia. The first volume of Bernard Kangro’s Joonatan trilogy was published in 1971, and the last in 1973 – a period of creative crisis for Kangro, in which his prose writing undergoes significant change. In the works of both Ristkivi and Kangro, remembering and nostalgia are inextricably bound together. In Ristikivi’s novel, the connections emerge through the parallel representation of remembering, events in historical time, and the writing of history; in Kangro’s novels, in the force field of remembering and events in historical time. Ristikivi’s novel is set a few months before the conclusion of the Molotov- Ribbentrop pact in August, 1939. The novel’s focus, however, is not on the historical events themselves, but rather on how characters experience and interpret their own

  20. Βιβλιοκρισία:P. SCHREINER-E. VOGT(eds., Karl Krumbacher. Leben und Werk, München, Verlag der Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Kommission beim Verlag C. H. Beck, München 2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Walter PUCHNER

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Βιβλιοκρισία: P. Schreiner-E. Vogt (eds., Karl Krumbacher. Leben und Werk, München, Verlag der Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Kommission beim Verlag C. H. Beck, München 2011 (Bayerische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Philosophisch-historische Klasse, Sitzungsberichte, Jahrgang 2011, Heft 4, σελ. 147, 5 εικ., ΙSBN 978 3 7696 1569 0.

  1. Os principios de economia substantiva de Karl Polanyi em relações de economia solidária: o caso do povoado Cruz (Currais Novos/RN [doi: 10.5329/RECADM.20111002007

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabiano André Gonçalves Silva

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available OS PRINCIPIOS DE ECONOMIA SUBSTANTIVA DE KARL POLANYI EM RELAÇÕES DE ECONOMIA SOLIDÁRIA: O CASO DO POVOADO CRUZ (CURRAIS NOVOS/RN RESUMO Este estudo aborda relações econômicas e sociais em uma comunidade de fruticultores à luz dos princípios expostos por Polanyi (2000 na obra “A Grande Transformação” e dos pressupostos básicos da Nova Sociologia Econômica (NSE e da Economia Solidária. A unidade de observação foi o Povoado Cruz, no município de Currais Novos (RN. A técnica utilizada foi a observação não participante, com abordagem qualitativa na análise de dados. Em uma aproximação com a realidade buscou-se identificar como, e se, relações sociais não capitalistas, balizadas nos princípios de reciprocidade, domesticidade e redistribuição, sobrevivem em meio a relação capitalista. Percebeu-se que, mesmo dentro da realidade de mercado, predominam princípios elencados por Polanyi e pela Economia Solidária. Tais princípios têm base em valores como solidariedade, integração, respeito, ajuda mútua, cooperação e autonomia.   Palavras-Chave Reciprocidade; Redistribuição; Domesticidade; Economia Solidária; Agroindústria Familiar.     PRINCIPLES OF ECONOMICS SUBSTANTIVE OF KARL POLANYI RELATIONS IN SOLIDARITY ECONOMY: THE CASE OF CRUZ VILLAGE (CURRAIS NOVOS/RN   ABSTRACT This study focuses economic and social relationships in a fruit culture community under the prism of both principles established by Polanyi (2000 in his work “The Great Transformation” and central assumptions of New Economic Sociology (NES and Solidarity Economy. The community of Povoado cruz, in the municipality of Currais Novos (Rio Grande do Norte - Brazil, was studied through non-participant observation, and data gathered was analyzed with a qualitative approach. The paper aims at identifying how, and if, social not capitalist relationships, guided by reciprocity, domesticity and redistribution principles, survive within the

  2. Pursuing Reason with Critique --A Discussion on Karl Popper's Methodology of Scientific Discovery%在批判中追求理性——谈波普的科学发现方法论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨成光

    2012-01-01

    Karl Popper's methodology of scientific discovery is a school of philosophy of science based on the critique of logical positivism, and its core is conjectures and refutations. His "deductive method" and "four phase formula" of scientific discovery has some theoretical value, and his methodology of science plays positive role in the development of science. And of course, it has obvious deficiencies because of many limitations.%波普的科学发现方法论是在批判逻辑实证主义基础上建立起来的科学哲学流派之一,其核心是猜测与反驳。他提出的“演绎法”和科学发现的“四段图式”具有一定的理论价值,他的科学方法论在科学发展中有一定的积极作用,又因为种种局限又表现出明显的不足。

  3. 略论波普尔和库恩科学哲学的影响%On the Impact of Karl Popper and Thomas Kuhn's Philosophies of Science

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗力群

    2011-01-01

    本文考察了波普尔和库恩科学哲学在科学哲学界、科学界及人文社科界的影响。本文的情境分析根据波普尔和库恩作品的特点、社会联系、社会情境、个性因素来解释他们的影响。文章的考察实际上触及了思想史上的社会建构因素,而此因素应该广泛作用于各学科的历史。%This article examines the impact of Karl Popper and Thomas Kuhn's philosophies of science in the communities of philosophy of science, natural sciences, and arts and social sciences. The situational analysis has recourse to the characteristics of their works, their social ties and personalities, and social context, to explain their influences. This paper actually catches hold of the social construction factor in the history of thought, which should widely act upon a variety of disciplines.

  4. Early Scholars' Visits to Central America: Reports by Karl Sapper, Walter Lehmann, and Franz Termer, edited by Marilyn Beaudry-Corbett and Ellen T Hardy, Theodore E Gutman, 2000

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charles C. Kolb

    2001-05-01

    Full Text Available The Cotsen Institute's Director of Publications is archaeologist Marilyn Beaudry-Corbett, herself a specialist on the production and distribution of archaeological ceramics in Mesoamerica and Central America and a scholar of complex society economic organization. Her colleague and the co-editor of this volume, Ellen Hardy, is a Research Associate at The Cotsen Institute and an expert on mortuary customs of the Nicoya region. Theodore (Ted Gutman (1909-1997 was a longtime supporter of the Institute at UCLA worked on a number of translation projects, several of which are presented here. He was the translator of Karl Sapper's Verapaz im 16. und 17. jahrhundert, which appeared as The Verapaz in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries: A Contribution to the Historical Geography and Ethnography of Northeastern Guatemala (Los Angeles, University of California, Institute of Archae­ology, Occasional Paper 13, 1985. The contributors to the volume's narrative include, in addtion to Beaudry-Corbett and Hardy, nine other anthropologists who are recognized experts on the region and subject matter.

  5. Subjectivation et transformation sociale. Critique du renouveau en théorie de l’action à partir de Karl Lévêque, Etienne Balibar et Louis Althusser

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marc Maesschalck

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This article aims at questioning the recent return on the theoretical scene of Marxist theory in the light of the contemporary developments of the theories of collective action. It first points out two impasses of these theories that Marxism needs to acknowledge in order to avoid their repetition: the first one is the belief in the existence of a capacitating unconscious of the masses while the second one is the position of a mediating subjectivity capable of granting the social processes through its scientific intelligence of history. This article will then analyze the interpretations of Althusser proposed by Karl Lévêque and Etienne Balibar in order to show how these authors grasped theses impasses thereby opening the field of a renewal of Marxist theory that does not undermine the level of the unconscious drives that determine collective action. The way in which this level can be worked upon in order to produce a new form of relationality that avoids the two impasses will finally be outlined with the help of the psychoanalytic theory developed by Stephen Mitchell.

  6. Costos de transacción, un hallazgo no tan reciente. Aproximaciones a la teoría de los costos de circulación de Karl Marx

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Germán Valencia

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Los aportes de la escuela neoinstitucionalista son reconocidos hoy como uno de los mayores en el campo económico; esto debido a que en su análisis económico del mercado incluyen una gama de aspectos que son fundamentales en la toma de decisiones de las empresas y los agentes llamado costos de transacción. Lo paradójico es que parte de este “gran hallazgo” ya había sido expuesto un siglo antes por Karl Marx en el segundo tomo de El Capital, Crítica de la Economía Política y aun no ha sido reconocido. La contribución de Marx sobre costos de Circulación es enorme, pues define, clasifica y propone soluciones a dichos costos de una manera rigurosa y novedosa, incluso aventajando a las propuestas actuales; lo extraño es que esta propuesta teórica no ha sido reconocida por ninguno de los economistas que trabajan en el tema

  7. CHANG-ES. IV. RADIO CONTINUUM EMISSION OF 35 EDGE-ON GALAXIES OBSERVED WITH THE KARL G. JANSKY VERY LARGE ARRAY IN D CONFIGURATION—DATA RELEASE 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wiegert, Theresa; Irwin, Judith; MacGregor, Stephen, E-mail: twiegert@astro.queensu.ca, E-mail: irwin@astro.queensu.ca, E-mail: 11sm36@queensu.ca [Department of Physics, Engineering Physics, and Astronomy, Queen' s University, Kingston, ON, K7L 3N6 (Canada); and others

    2015-09-15

    We present the first part of the observations made for the Continuum Halos in Nearby Galaxies, an EVLA Survey (CHANG-ES) project. The aim of the CHANG-ES project is to study and characterize the nature of radio halos, their prevalence as well as their magnetic fields, and the cosmic rays illuminating these fields. This paper reports observations with the compact D configuration of the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array (VLA) for the sample of 35 nearby edge-on galaxies of CHANG-ES. With the new wide bandwidth capabilities of the VLA, an unprecedented sensitivity was achieved for all polarization products. The beam resolution is an average of 9.″6 and 36″ with noise levels reaching approximately 6 and 30 μJy beam{sup −1} for C- and L-bands, respectively (robust weighting). We present intensity maps in these two frequency bands (C and L), with different weightings, as well as spectral index maps, polarization maps, and new measurements of star formation rates (SFRs). The data products described herein are available to the public in the CHANG-ES data release available at http://www.queensu.ca/changes. We also present evidence of a trend among galaxies with larger halos having higher SFR surface density, and we show, for the first time, a radio continuum image of the median galaxy, taking advantage of the collective signal-to-noise ratio of 30 of our galaxies. This image shows clearly that a “typical” spiral galaxy is surrounded by a halo of magnetic fields and cosmic rays.

  8. The Earliest Transmission and Influence of Karl Popper' s Doctrine in China%波普尔学说在中国的早期传播与影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王公

    2016-01-01

    卡尔·波普尔(Karl R Popper)是20世纪著名的科学哲学家,其学说曾引起世界学术界轰动,对当代社会产生了重要影响.关于中国学界早期引介波普尔学说的科学思想史研究中,一直延续着大量的模糊说法,对于波普尔学说引介入中国的时间、路径、领域和影响等问题尚缺乏了解.查找到的文献证据表明:第一,在时间上,波普尔学说进入中国始于“文革”之前,而不是“文革”之后、改革之初;第二,在数量上,“文革”前至少有近20篇文章引介波普尔学说,并非“仅有几篇”;第三,波普尔哲学的核心内容“分界问题”和“证伪主义”早在1959年就被完整地介绍到中国;第四,波普尔学说最初进入中国学界的领域是历史哲学而不是西方哲学;第五,波普尔学说最初在中国是作为反马克思主义历史哲学的反面教材进行批判的对象.

  9. CHANG-ES. IV. Radio Continuum Emission of 35 Edge-on Galaxies Observed with the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array in D Configuration—Data Release 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiegert, Theresa; Irwin, Judith; Miskolczi, Arpad; Schmidt, Philip; Mora, Silvia Carolina; Damas-Segovia, Ancor; Stein, Yelena; English, Jayanne; Rand, Richard J.; Santistevan, Isaiah; Walterbos, Rene; Krause, Marita; Beck, Rainer; Dettmar, Ralf-Jürgen; Kepley, Amanda; Wezgowiec, Marek; Wang, Q. Daniel; Heald, George; Li, Jiangtao; MacGregor, Stephen; Johnson, Megan; Strong, A. W.; DeSouza, Amanda; Porter, Troy A.

    2015-09-01

    We present the first part of the observations made for the Continuum Halos in Nearby Galaxies, an EVLA Survey (CHANG-ES) project. The aim of the CHANG-ES project is to study and characterize the nature of radio halos, their prevalence as well as their magnetic fields, and the cosmic rays illuminating these fields. This paper reports observations with the compact D configuration of the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array (VLA) for the sample of 35 nearby edge-on galaxies of CHANG-ES. With the new wide bandwidth capabilities of the VLA, an unprecedented sensitivity was achieved for all polarization products. The beam resolution is an average of 9.″6 and 36″ with noise levels reaching approximately 6 and 30 μJy beam-1 for C- and L-bands, respectively (robust weighting). We present intensity maps in these two frequency bands (C and L), with different weightings, as well as spectral index maps, polarization maps, and new measurements of star formation rates (SFRs). The data products described herein are available to the public in the CHANG-ES data release available at http://www.queensu.ca/changes. We also present evidence of a trend among galaxies with larger halos having higher SFR surface density, and we show, for the first time, a radio continuum image of the median galaxy, taking advantage of the collective signal-to-noise ratio of 30 of our galaxies. This image shows clearly that a “typical” spiral galaxy is surrounded by a halo of magnetic fields and cosmic rays.

  10. 人的存在的历史性及其现代境遇%Historicity and the modern situation of human existence:A reinterpretation of the views of Karl Marx

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张曙光

    2007-01-01

    This article argues that the problem of modernity concerns the circumstances of existence and human destiny in modern times.To understand the nature of this problem and find the corresponding solution,we need to reinterpret the thought of Karl Marx regarding the contradictions of human existence and its historical dimensions.Following Marx's line of thinking,this article reviews his critical sequence,creative transformation,and development of duality of thought on man and the world in Western history,focusing on the following four issues:(1) how Marx,on the basis of man's sensuous objective activities,observes the duality of man and the world as well as the relationship between man's internal and external activities;(2) how Marx discloses the true connotation and real significance of man's historical existence,history,and historicity;(3) how Marx reveals the inherent contradictions of modern capitalist society and the destiny of modern man based on historic thought concerning man's existence;and (4)by praising Marx's views on material production and the eternal significance of ancient Greek culture,the article reveals another dimension of Marx's thought,a dimension that tends to be ignored.This article holds that in this era of globalization,it is extremely important and urgent to have an in-depth understanding of Marx's historical thoughts regarding human existence and of the feasibility of his theory.Moreover,it is imperative to further develop this understanding to create a clearer picture of our own path of development and our outlook on humanity.

  11. Estrategia metodológica para mejorar el aprendizaje de los estudiantes de 1º grado de secundaria en el área de Historia, Geografía y Economía; I.E. "Karl Weiss", Chiclayo, año 2013

    OpenAIRE

    Serquen Farro, Felipe.

    2014-01-01

    Nuestro trabajo de investigación, tiene como objetivo general: Diseñar Estrategias Metodológicas sustentadas en la Teoría de David Ausubel, Robert Gagné y Álvarez de Zayas, para mejorar el aprendizaje en los estudiantes de 1º grado de secundaria en el área de Historia, Geograffa y Economía de la l. E. "Karl Weiss", Chiclayo. Metodológicamente aplicamos guías de observación, de encuesta, de entrevistas en profundidad y recojo de testimonios. Luego de haber terminado esta parte procedimos a exa...

  12. Baltic universities build on EuroFaculty's foundations / Gustav Kristensen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kristensen, Gustav

    2005-01-01

    Balti Nõukogu eestvedamisel EuroFaculty programmi raames on pärast taasiseseisvumist Balti riikide ülikoolides asutatud Euroteaduskondi. 13 aastat kestnud programmi eesmärgiks oli valmistada riike ette Euroopa Liiduga liitumiseks ja anda majandus-, poliitika- ja õigusalast haridus

  13. [Carl Gustav Jung, the myth of a man].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loza, Julieta

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this article is to get closer to the myth of Jung, this is part of the inner experiences that took place in his first childhood, and in which we can already see the foundation of his work and the development of key concepts as: the unconscious, Self, archetype and individuation process. His life is the display of his unconscious and this is what his work is about. We cannot understand Jung without taking into account the fundamental importance that he gives to the inner world: the dreams and fantasies; and the direct contact that he has had with these aspects since he was a little boy.

  14. Baltic universities build on EuroFaculty's foundations / Gustav Kristensen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kristensen, Gustav

    2005-01-01

    Balti Nõukogu eestvedamisel EuroFaculty programmi raames on pärast taasiseseisvumist Balti riikide ülikoolides asutatud Euroteaduskondi. 13 aastat kestnud programmi eesmärgiks oli valmistada riike ette Euroopa Liiduga liitumiseks ja anda majandus-, poliitika- ja õigusalast haridus

  15. Le Bestiaire d'amour de Gustave Flaubert (1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Loïc Windels

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available « Désirer, c'est tuer ». Voilà ce qu’un Ministère de la Prévention fera bientôt imprimer sur le bandeau accompagnant les ventes du second des Trois contes. Du reste, il est certain que sa carte du Tendre empiète quelque peu sur les géographies du Cruel. Qui se penche sur son bestiaire en relève généralement assez vite le caractère symbolique et la couleur pré-freudienne. Flaubert ferait, avec le légendaire médiéval, ce que Freud peu après avec la mythologie grecque. Ces remarques et quelques autres ont parfois été faites1, et nul doute qu'elles ne soient familières à l'amateur de cette prose dense et suggestive qu'est La Légende de Saint Julien L'Hospitalier. Aussi le présent article (comme celui qui le suivra voudrait-il moins rouvrir à nouveaux frais un débat déjà bien nourri que l'aborder de façon quelque peu différente : en choisissant, parmi les épisodes où les animaux tiennent un rôle prépondérant, ceux qui semblent s'apparier pour former – à sauts et à gambades – un récit sous l'histoire, et ceux qui, en même temps, paraissaient désirer qu'on les confronte à d'autres textes (reste de l'œuvre, bestiaires médiévaux, histoires naturelles anciennes et modernes, mythographies et à quelques images.In The Legend of Saint Julian the Hospitalier – the middle of Flaubert’s Three Tales – to desire and to kill are but one thing, and its Map of Tendre encroaches somewhat on the topographies of Cruelty. He who looks into his bestiary is usually rather quick to detect its symbolic character and pre-Freudian overtones. It is as if Flaubert did with Medieval legends what Freud would do a little later with Greek mythology. These observations and other similar ones have already been made, and there is no doubt that the reader who loves the dense and suggestive prose that is The Legend of Saint Julian is familiar with them. Thus, the present article (and the one that will follow strive less to reopen an already well-fed debate than to approach it in a slightly different manner: namely, by choosing from amongst the episodes where animals play a leading role, those which seem to pair up to form – by leaps and gambols – a narrative behind the story and those which, at the same time, appear desirous of being compared to other texts (the rest of Flaubert’s work, Medieval bestiaries, ancient and modern natural history, mythological writings and a few images.

  16. Thyroid metastases from colorectal cancer: the Institut Gustave Roussy experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lièvre, Astrid; Leboulleux, Sophie; Boige, Valérie; Travagli, Jean-Paul; Dromain, Clarisse; Elias, Dominique; Ducreux, Michel; Malka, David

    2006-08-01

    The prevalence of thyroid metastases in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients is unknown. We retrieved the records of all patients with CRC and pathologically proved thyroid metastasis for the period 1993-2004. Among 5,862 consecutive patients with CRC, 6 (0.1%) were diagnosed with thyroid metastases, a median of 61 months after the diagnosis of primary tumour, and a median of 19 months after the last surgical resection or radiofrequency ablation of other metastases (which were present in all cases). Signs and symptoms, when present (n=3), consisted of cervical pain, cervical adenopathy, goitre, dysphagia, and/or dysphonia. In other cases, the diagnosis was made by positron emission tomography scanning. Thyroidectomy was performed in the 5 patients with isolated thyroid metastases, with cervical lymph node dissection being required in all cases. The only patient treated conservatively because of concomitant liver and lung metastases developed life-threatening dyspnoea, which required emergent tracheal stenting. Median overall survival was 77 months, 58 months, and 12 months after the diagnosis of primary CRC, initial metastases, and thyroid metastasis, respectively. It is concluded that thyroid metastases are rare and occur late in the course of CRC. Thyroidectomy (with cervical lymph node dissection) may result in prevention or improvement of life-threatening symptoms and prolonged survival.

  17. Kui parimast ei piisa, siis piisab erinevast / Gustav Hafren

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hafren, Gustav

    2003-01-01

    Autor leiab, et turul, kus ei võida mitte kvaliteetsemad tooted, vaid tooted, mis omavad kindlat kohta klientide teadvuses, on kõige olulisem eristuda konkurentidest. Lisa: Milline on kliendi teadvus? Kokkuvõte autori ettekandest turunduskonverentsil "Password 2003".

  18. Raamaturappija / [Sinijärv, Karl Martin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sinijärv, Karl Martin, 1971-

    1997-01-01

    Zero (Tõnu Seero). Lahked inimesed ja õunasööjad Lamb, Charles; Lamb, Mary. Lugusid Shakespeare'ilt Hellerma, Kärt. Alkeemia; Tabucchi, Antonio. Tunnistaja Pereira lugu; Gray, John. Marss ja Veenus magamistoas

  19. Raamaturappija / [Sinijärv, Karl Martin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sinijärv, Karl Martin, 1971-

    1997-01-01

    Vandenberg, Philipp. Viies evangeelium; Fischer, Hans. Saatuslik armastus majas nr. 34; Bulgakov, Mihhail. Meister ja Margarita; Paju, Juhan. Katkenud romaan; Duby, Georges. Guillaume le Maréchal ehk Maailma parim rüütel

  20. IX sümfooniakontsert / Karl Leichter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Leichter, Karl, 1902-1987

    1997-01-01

    Esines Ringhäälingu ja Estonia ühendatud orkester, dirigent O. Roots, põhiteosena kanti ette F. Liszti "Faust-sümfoonia", kaastegevad J. Haabjärv (laul), Tallinna Meestelaulu Seltsi koor; H. Pfitzneri tšellokontserdis soleeris A. Karjus