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Sample records for karl friedrich zoellner

  1. KARL FRIEDRICH ZOELLNER and the historical dimension of astronomical photometry A collection of papers on the History of Photometry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sterken, C.; Staubermann, K. B.

    This book results from presentations and discussions of a group of astronomers and historians during a one-day workshop held at Archenhold Observatory, Berlin-Treptow, on April 4, 1997. This meeting was the first forum in a series dedicated to historical aspects of observational astrophysics in the nineteenth and early twentieth century. The basic principle of these meetings is to reflect during one or more days on the work and personality of a single individual or of a group of persons, at the same time avoiding the really dominant figures that typify the age. By focusing on key people who epitomize a way of thinking and working that has formed many of the ideas by which we do astrophysical research today, we also attempt to evoke the scientific spirit of the era under consideration. In 1858, the German physicist Karl Friedrich Zoellner introduced a new type of astronomical photometer which became a bestseller in the second half of the nineteenth century and which led him to the first German professorship in astrophysics. His type of photometer allowed most accurate photometric measurements and was used at several observatories for almost half a century. This book outlines four major themes. The first part describes the observing instruments that were used by Zoellner and his contemporaries: photometers and spectrographs that complemented his original design, but also competed with his most versatile prototype photometer. The description also includes an account of technical aspects associated with the replication of such a photometer today. The second part analyses the astrophysical data that were obtained with Zoellner's tools, and extracts information hidden in the published data --- scientific information as well as diverse aspects related to the observer himself. These nineteenth-century data are now published for the first time on a modern magnitude scale and are directly accessible in tabular form, and are thus fully applicable to archeophotometric studies

  2. Karl Friedrich Zollner and the historical dimension of astronomical photometry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sterken, C.; Staubermann, K. B.

    This book results from presentations and discussions of a group of astronomers and historians during a one-day workshop held at Archenhold Observatory, Berlin-Treptow, on April 4, 1997. This meeting was the first forum in a series dedicated to historical aspects of observational astrophysics in the nineteenth and early twentieth century. The basic principle of these meetings is to reflect during one or more days on the work and personality of a single individual or of a group of persons, at the same time avoiding the really dominant figures that typify the age. By focusing on key people who epitomize a way of thinking and working that has formed many of the ideas by which we do astrophysical research today, we also attempt to evoke the scientific spirit of the era under consideration. In 1858, the German physicist Karl Friedrich Zoellner introduced a new type of astronomical photometer which became a bestseller in the second half of the nineteenth century and which led him to the first German professorship in astrophysics. His type of photometer allowed most accurate photometric measurements and was used at several observatories for almost half a century. This book outlines four major themes. The first part describes the observing instruments that were used by Zoellner and his contemporaries: photometers and spectrographs that complemented his original design, but also competed with his most versatile prototype photometer. The description also includes an account of technical aspects associated with the replication of such a photometer today. The second part analyses the astrophysical data that were obtained with Zoellner's tools, and extracts information hidden in the published data --- scientific information as well as diverse aspects related to the observer himself. These nineteenth-century data are now published for the first time on a modern magnitude scale and are directly accessible in tabular form, and are thus fully applicable to archeophotometric studies

  3. Vital forces and organization: philosophy of nature and biology in Karl Friedrich Kielmeyer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gambarotto, Andrea

    2014-12-01

    The historical literature on German life science at the end of the 18th century has tried to rehabilitate eighteenth century vitalism by stressing its difference from Naturphilosophie. Focusing on the work of Karl Friedrich Kielmeyer this paper argues that these positions are based on a historiographical bias and that the clear-cut boundary between German vitalism and Naturphilosophie is historically unattested. On the contrary, they both belong to the process of conceptual genealogy that contributed to the project of a general biology. The latter emerged as the science concerned with the laws that regulate the organization of living nature as a whole. The focus on organization was, at least partially, the result of the debate surrounding the notion of "vital force", which originated in the mid-eighteenth century and caused a shift from a regulative to a constitutive understanding of teleology. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  4. 'Tipping the Balance': Karl Friedrich Meyer, Latent Infections, and the Birth of Modern Ideas of Disease Ecology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Honigsbaum, Mark

    2016-04-01

    The Swiss-born medical researcher Karl Friedrich Meyer (1884-1974) is best known as a 'microbe hunter' who pioneered investigations into diseases at the intersection of animal and human health in California in the 1920s and 1930s. In particular, historians have singled out Meyer's 1931 Ludwig Hektoen Lecture in which he described the animal kingdom as a 'reservoir of disease' as a forerunner of 'one medicine' approaches to emerging zoonoses. In so doing, however, historians risk overlooking Meyer's other intellectual contributions. Developed in a series of papers from the mid-1930s onwards, these were ordered around the concept of latent infections and sought to link microbial behavior to broader bio-ecological, environmental, and social factors that impact hostpathogen interactions. In this respect Meyer-like the comparative pathologist Theobald Smith and the immunologist Frank Macfarlane Burnet-can be seen as a pioneer of modern ideas of disease ecology. However, while Burnet's and Smith's contributions to this scientific field have been widely acknowledged, Meyer's have been largely ignored. Drawing on Meyer's published writings and private correspondence, this paper aims to correct that lacuna while contributing to a reorientation of the historiography of bacteriological epidemiology. In particular I trace Meyer's intellectual exchanges with Smith, Burnet and the animal ecologist Charles Elton, over brucellosis, psittacosis and plague-exchanges that not only showed how environmental and ecological conditions could 'tip the balance' in favor of parasites but which transformed Meyer thinking about resistance to infection and disease.

  5. Karl Marx' glemte arvtager

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jakobsen, Uffe

    1988-01-01

    For 50 år siden hyldede avisen 'Social-Demokraten' Karl Kautsky (1854-1938) som "den største Tænker inden for den socialdemokratiske Arbejderbevægelse". I perioden fra Friedrich Engels' død i 1895 til 1. Verdenskrigs udbrud i 1914 blev Karl Kautsky alment anset som Karl Marx's arvtager inden...

  6. Biosketch Ashok Venkitaraman holds the Ursula Zoellner ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ashok

    Ashok Venkitaraman holds the Ursula Zoellner Professorship of Cancer Research at the University of Cambridge, and is the Director of the Medical Research Council. (MRC) Cancer Cell Unit there. He learnt and practiced medicine at the Christian. Medical College, Vellore, before completing his Ph.D. at University College ...

  7. Friedrich Nietzsche

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bengtsen, Søren Smedegaard

    2018-01-01

    , they still and truly are? Drawing on Friedrich Nietzsche’s concept of the will to power [Wille zur Macht] I analyse and discuss what powers universities today possess and have the, often neglected, opportunity to unleash. Nietzsche’s concept of power [Macht] is indeed a complex one, and even though...... it includes analyses of individual, social and even political behavior and value, it is first and foremost an ontological concept. In Nietzsche the concept of power is closely linked to other core concepts such as the overman [Übermensch] and the dawn [Morgenröte]. Indeed these concepts unfold an ontology...

  8. Helmholtz and Zoellner: nineteenth-century empiricism, spiritism, and the theory of space perception.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stromberg, W H

    1989-10-01

    J. K. F. Zoellner began writing on "experimental proofs" of a fourth spatial dimension, and of the existence of spirits, in 1878. His arguments caused strong controversy, with rebuttal essays by Wilhelm Wundt and others. The author argues that Zoellner's case that these matters are experimental questions rested on arguments which Hermann von Helmholtz, inveighing against rationalist views of space and space perception, had recently published. Zoellner's use of Helmholtz's arguments to advance and defend his spiritist views occasioned strong criticism of Helmholtz, affected careers and reputations of scholars in Berlin and Leipzig, and caused enduring controversy over the credibility of Helmholtz's empiricist theory of space perception.

  9. Karl Marx

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosa Luxemburg

    2018-05-01

    Full Text Available Marx died on March 14, 1883. Exactly twenty years later, on March 14, 1903, Rosa Luxemburg’s reflections on Karl Marx were published in German in Vorwärts, the newspaper of the Social Democratic Party of Germany. tripleC publishes an English translation of Luxemburg’s essay on the occasion of Marx’s bicentenary. Christian Fuchs’ postface “Karl Marx and Rosa Luxemburg” asks the question of how we can make sense of Rosa Luxemburg’s reading of Marx in 2018. Source of the German original: Luxemburg, Rosa. 1903. Karl Marx. Vorwärts 62: 1-2.

  10. Karl Marx

    OpenAIRE

    Rosa Luxemburg

    2018-01-01

    Marx died on March 14, 1883. Exactly twenty years later, on March 14, 1903, Rosa Luxemburg’s reflections on Karl Marx were published in German in Vorwärts, the newspaper of the Social Democratic Party of Germany. tripleC publishes an English translation of Luxemburg’s essay on the occasion of Marx’s bicentenary. Christian Fuchs’ postface “Karl Marx and Rosa Luxemburg” asks the question of how we can make sense of Rosa Luxemburg’s reading of Marx in 2018. Source of the German original: Luxembu...

  11. [Karl Sudhoff].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kästner, Ingrid

    2013-01-01

    In 1914, from 6th May to 18th October, the International Exposition of book Industry and Graphic Arts (BUGRA) took place in Leipzig, then the world capital of books. Karl Sudhoff, director of the Leipzig Institute of the History of Medicine, was appointed by the executive committee of the BURGA to organize the special exhibition "Three Millennia of Graphic Arts in the Service of Science". The paper shows, following Sudhoff's own descriptions and new archival sources, the conceptual design and the contents of this exposition set up by Sudhoff.

  12. Karl Heinrich Ulrichs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Heede, Dag

    2017-01-01

    Introduktion til juristen og homopioneren Karl Heinrich Ulrichs (1824-1882) og hans fortælling "Manor" (1885)......Introduktion til juristen og homopioneren Karl Heinrich Ulrichs (1824-1882) og hans fortælling "Manor" (1885)...

  13. [Friedrich Ludwig von Maydelli pildid Baltimaade ajaloost = Friedrich Ludwig von Maydells Baltische Geschichte in Bildern = Friedrich Ludwig von Maydell ́s Baltic history in images] / Ulrike Plath

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Plath, Ulrike, 1972-

    2014-01-01

    Arvustus: Friedrich Ludwig von Maydelli pildid Baltimaade ajaloost = Friedrich Ludwig von Maydells Baltische Geschichte in Bildern = Friedrich Ludwig von Maydell ́s Baltic history in images. Eesti kunstimuuseum, Kadrioru kunstimuuseum. Tallinn 2013

  14. Mu süda on mägedes : [luuletused] / Robert Burns ; tlk. Ralf Parve, Ants Oras, Urmas Tõnisson, Kullo Vende, Mart Mäger, Georg Eduard Luiga, Friedrich Reinhold Kreutzwald, Karl August Hermann, Johannes Vau, Lydia Koidula, Ado Grenzstein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Burns, Robert, 1759-1796

    2006-01-01

    Sisu: Mu süda on mägedes ; Hing mägises Shotis ; Mu isa oli farmer ; Künnipoiss ; Noor neiu vanal mehel ; Vana Rob Morris ; Meg veskilt ; Veski-Meg ; Willie pruulis õlut ; John Odratera ; Hägisele ; Shotlased, nüüd seiske kindlad! ; Invernessi neid ; Kuradi tants aktsiisiametnikuga ; Macphersoni hüvastijätt / tlk. Ralf Parve ; Macphersoni hüvastijätt / / tlk. Ants Oras ; Nii ja naa ; Hiirele ; Eleegia Peg Nicholsoni surma puhul ; Vaga Willie palve ; Epitaaf vagale Willièle ; Värsid poeet Fergussoni portree alla ; Lõikuskuu laul ; On kaldal kõrkjad reas ; Mu arm on nagu ruske roos ; Mu arm... ; Oo, mu arm on verev, verev roos ; Esimene suudlus lahkudes ; Mõte karmist saatusest ; Oh näeksin tühja nõmme peal ; Kui näeksin ; "Kui üksi olles näeksid, neid..." ; Käies pikas rohus ; Värsiread ; Mind naine tihti taob ; Rõõmus lesk ; Willie Wastleì naine ; Mul on naine ; John Anderson / tlk. Urmas Tõnisson ; Jaan Anderson / tlk. Karl August Hermann ; Sügiselaul ; Kündja ja lill ; Kodu ; Ometi ; Kõige kiuste ; Kui õis, mis õitseb heinamaal ; Põlev armastus ; Hans ja Krõõt : [luuletused]. Epigramme: Raamatukoi ; Impromptu ; Puudus. Ammustele aegadele : [luuletus]. Autori kohta eluloolisi andmeid lk. 179

  15. Karl Lagerfeld obidelsja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Moekunstnik Karl Lagerfeld kaebas kohtusse raamatu "The Beautiful Fall : Fashion, Genius and Glorious Excess in 1970s Paris" autori Alicia Drake'i. Raamat räägib Lagerfeldi noorusajast ja tema konkurentsist moekunstnik Yves Saint Laurent'iga 1970. aastate Pariisis

  16. Karl Ristikivi prantsuse keeles

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    29. ja 30. mail Tallinna Kirjanike Majas ja 31. mail Tartu Kirjanduse Majas esinevad näitlejad Ene Rämmeld ja Claude Merlin Karl Ristikivi luulekavaga "Inimese teekond" (tõlkija Tarah Montbélialtz). Vt. ka Looming, 2003, nr. 6, lk. 953

  17. Johann Jacob Friedrich Wilhelm Parrot / Tõivo Sarmet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sarmet, Tõivo

    2006-01-01

    Tartu Ülikooli rektorit Johann Jacob Friedrich Wilhelm Parrot loetakse Venemaa alpinismiajaloo alusepanijaks ja tema tähelepanuväärseimaks mägironimisalaseks teoks oli tõus Suur-Araratile 1829. aastal

  18. Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Adolf von Baeyer

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education; Volume 19; Issue 6. Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Adolf von Baeyer: A Pioneer of Synthetic Organic Chemistry. Gopalpur Nagendrappa. General Article Volume 19 Issue 6 June 2014 pp 489-522 ...

  19. Educational Theory as Topological Rhetoric: The Concepts of Pedagogy of Johann Friedrich Herbart and Friedrich Schleiermacher

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kenklies, Karsten

    2012-01-01

    The debate concerning the relation of the theory of education and the practice of education is not new. In Germany, these discussions are an integral part of the development of educational science in the eighteenth century which is closely connected to Johann Friedrich Herbart and Friedrich Schleiermacher. Their concepts illustrate different…

  20. Sir Karl Popper and Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    McNamara, D. R.

    1978-01-01

    Sir Karl Popper is one of England's most distinguished contemporary philosophers and it is surprising that his thought has not permeated and informed educational discussion. This paper suggests that educationists have much to learn from Karl Popper's writings and explores ways in which his ideas can illuminate and advance discussion about…

  1. Nonphysical sheet for the Friedrichs model

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pavlov, B.S.

    1995-01-01

    A method of deducing an expansion theorem in resonance states for the two-dimensional Friedrichs model A=1/2(U var-phi -U var-phi + ) is suggested. The construction is based on detailed Lax-Phillips analogs of the corresponding unitary Friedrichs model U var-phi = z(1 + 2iα/1-iα P var-phi ), perturbed by the protector P var-phi , generated by an element var-phi possessing special analytic properties

  2. Karl Popper's Quantum Ghost

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shields, William

    2004-05-01

    Karl Popper, though not trained as a physicist and embarrassed early in his career by a physics error pointed out by Einstein and Bohr, ultimately made substantial contributions to the interpretation of quantum mechanics. As was often the case, Popper initially formulated his position by criticizing the views of others - in this case Niels Bohr and Werner Heisenberg. Underlying Popper's criticism was his belief that, first, the "standard interpretation" of quantum mechanics, sometimes called the Copenhagen interpretation, abandoned scientific realism and second, the assertion that quantum theory was "complete" (an assertion rejected by Einstein among others) amounted to an unfalsifiable claim. Popper insisted that the most basic predictions of quantum mechanics should continue to be tested, with an eye towards falsification rather than mere adding of decimal places to confirmatory experiments. His persistent attacks on the Copenhagen interpretation were aimed not at the uncertainty principle itself and the formalism from which it was derived, but at the acceptance by physicists of an unclear epistemology and ontology that left critical questions unanswered. In 1999, physicists at the University of Maryland conducted a version of Popper's Experiment, re-igniting the debate over quantum predictions and the role of locality in physics.

  3. In memoriam : Karl R. Popper

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cecilia Tohăneanu

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Dedicated to Karl Popper’s memory, this essay aims at following the echo of his critical rationalism and how it has been received by Mario Bunge, one of the most prominent contemporary philosopher of science – an admirer, later a critic of Popper’s social and political philosophy. The main goal of such an endeavor is to find out where could have been Popper wrong – from Bunge’s view point – and take note of the arguments of both of them, thus hoping to get closer to the truth, as Sir Karl said.

  4. Sõrmuste isand Karl Fritsch / Merike Alber

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alber, Merike

    2008-01-01

    Saksa ehtekunstniku Karl Fritschi (sünd. 1963) näitus "Metrosideros robusta. Ehted" Eesti Tarbekunsti- ja Disainimuuseumis kuni 29. VI. Karl Fritsch pälvis 2006. a. Francoise van den Boschi (hollandi ehtekunstnik, 1944-1977) auhinna, 1995. ja 2007. a. Herbert Hoffmanni preemia. Darling Publications kirjastas Karl Fritschist raamatud "Metrosideros Robusta" ja "Baby Brick"

  5. Karl Marx 1864 og forsigtighedsprincippet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Czeskleba-Dupont, Rolf

    2015-01-01

    Artiklen analyserer divergerende versioner af den tekst, som Karl Marx efter dannelsen af den 1.Internationale Arbejderassociation i London september 1864 har oversat fra sit engelske original (Inaugural Address...), der udkom i november, til en tysk version med overskriften 'Manifest an die...

  6. Karl Marx and the Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shifferd, K. D.

    1972-01-01

    Implications from Karl Marx's concept of nature are explored. Serving as a frame of reference for the fight against pollution, the Marxian philosophy provides a kind of systems analysis of the origins and dynamics of pollution at the level of society and a set of conceptual tools and attitudes for unmasking the claims of industry. (BL)

  7. Karl Ove Knausgaard's My Struggle

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schmitt, Arnaud; Kjerkegaard, Stefan

    2016-01-01

    In this study of Karl Ove Knausgaard’s My Struggle, the authors theorize what paratextual information does to one’s reading, especially in autobiography informed literature. Although My Struggle can be read both as memoir and novel, and even as autofiction, Knausgaard is aiming at a higher truth...

  8. Science and Politics in "Friedrichs v. California Teachers Association"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Superfine, Benjamin Michael; Umpstead, Regina R.; Mayrowetz, David; Lenhoff, Sarah Winchell; Pogodzinski, Ben

    2018-01-01

    In March 2017, the Supreme Court decided "Friedrichs v. California Teachers Association" and upheld the constitutionality of agency fees for nonunion teachers. We examine how "Friedrichs" reflects a host of issues grouped around a patchwork of ideological commitments regarding teachers unions and public-sector unions more…

  9. [Georg Friedrich Nicolai: war physician against war].

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Bergen, L

    2017-01-01

    Georg Friedrich Nicolai was a German professor and heart specialist who was one of the few who protested against the war at the beginning of World War I. As a result, he lost his job and was convicted. After the war, right-wing nationalist students and lack of support from his university superiors made it impossible for him to teach. He left Germany in 1922, never to return. In his book, Die Biologie des Krieges (The Biology of War), which was published in neutral Switzerland in 1917, he contradicted the social Darwinist idea - supported by many physicians as well - that war strengthened humanity, people and races, physically and mentally. On the contrary, he argued, war is biologically counterproductive.

  10. Arbeitstagung 2013 : in Memory of Friedrich Hirzebruch

    CERN Document Server

    Blohmann, Christian; Faltings, Gerd; Teichner, Peter; Zagier, Don

    2016-01-01

    This volume contains selected papers authored by speakers and participants of the 2013 Arbeitstagung, held at the Max Planck Institute for Mathematics in Bonn, Germany, from May 22-28. The 2013 meeting (and this resulting proceedings) was dedicated to the memory of Friedrich Hirzebruch, who passed away on May 27, 2012. Hirzebruch organized the first Arbeitstagung in 1957 with a unique concept that would become its most distinctive feature: the program was not determined beforehand by the organizers, but during the meeting by all participants in an open discussion. This ensured that the talks would be on the latest developments in mathematics and that many important results were presented at the conference for the first time. Written by leading mathematicians, the papers in this volume cover various topics from algebraic geometry, topology, analysis, operator theory, and representation theory and display the breadth and depth of pure mathematics that has always been characteristic of the Arbeitstagung.

  11. The Friedrichs model and its use in resonance phenomena

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gadella, M. [Departamento de Fisica Teorica, Atomica y Optica, Facultad de Ciencias, 47071 Valladolid (Spain); Pronko, G.P. [Institute for High Energy Physics, Protvino 142284, Moscow Region (Russian Federation)

    2011-09-15

    We present here a relation of different types of Friedrichs models and their use in the description and comprehension of resonance phenomena. We first discuss the basic Friedrichs model and obtain its resonance in the case that this is simple or doubly degenerated. Next, we discuss the model with N levels and show how the probability amplitude has an oscillatory behavior. Two generalizations of the Friedrichs model are suitable to introduce resonance behavior in quantum field theory. We also discuss a discrete version of the Friedrichs model and also a resonant interaction between two systems both with continuous spectrum. In an appendix, we review the mathematics of rigged Hilbert spaces. (Copyright copyright 2011 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

  12. Friedrich Heiler and the Psychology of Religion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatiana Samarina

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The author examines the work of the celebrated German religious researcher Friedrich Heiler in relation to the problematic surrounding the psychology of religion. Heiler himself subtitled his first classic work, Prayer , with the words a study of religious-history and of religious-psychology . This presumably meant that he considered himself a student of the psychology of religion. The author contrasts Heiler’s ideas on this subject with those put forward by his contemporaries, all of whom studied the psychology of religion: William James, Evelyn Underhill, and Sigmund Freud. The author’s analysis reveals that Heiler was very familiar with the studies produced by several early students of the psychology of religion: Leub, Starbuck, and Sabbate. He often employs them to glean examples for his own research but does not take any of them seriously. James’ division of religious believers into the twice-born and the once-born has similarities with Heiler’s own types of mystic and prophetic religiosity. There are also many similarities between the theory of mystical ascension proposed by Evelyn Underhill and the examples of religious mysticism proposed by Heiler. While analyzing the phenomenon of matrimonial mysticism, Heiler often refers to elements of Freud’s psychoanalysis, thinking it adequate to explain certain erotic elements inherent in religious reflection, but at the same time, unable to explain the religious phenomenon on the whole.

  13. Obituary: Ludwig Friedrich Oster, 1931-2003

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sofia, Sabatino; Altschuler, Martin D.

    2003-12-01

    Ludwig Friedrich Oster died at the Anchorage Nursing and Rehabilitation Center in Salisbury, MD on 28 February 2003, of complications from advanced Alzheimer's disease. He is survived by his wife Cheryl M. (Oroian) and his two children by a previous marriage, Ulrika and Mattias Oster. He had a distinguished career both as a researcher in solar physics and as a science administrator in the National Science Foundation. Ludwig was born on 8 March 1931 in Konstanz, Germany and emigrated to the U.S. in 1958, acquiring American citizenship in 1963. His mother and father were Emma Josefine (Schwarz) and Ludwig Friedrich Oster. He got a BS degree in physics at the University of Freiburg under the guidance of Prof. K. O. Kiepenheuer in 1951, and a MS (1954) and PhD from the University of Kiel in 1956 under the guidance of Prof. A. Unsold. From 1956 to 1958 he was a Fellow of the German Science Council at Kiel and, upon his arrival to the US in 1958, he became a Postdoctoral Research Associate in the Physics Department of Yale University. He became an Assistant Professor of Physics and Astrophysics at Yale in 1960 and five years later he was promoted to Associate Professor. In 1967 he became an Associate Professor of Physics and Astrophysics at the University of Colorado and a Fellow of the Joint Institute for Laboratory Astrophysics; he was promoted to Full Professor in 1970. In 1981 he was a Visiting Professor at Johns Hopkins University, and shortly thereafter became a National Research Council Senior Associate at NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, MD, where he worked on solar variability. He joined the National Science Foundation in 1983, where he became the Program Manager for the National Radio Astronomy Observatory in the Division of Astronomical Sciences of the Foundation; he remained there until his retirement in 1996. His early work, started in Germany and continued at Yale, concerned radiation mechanisms related to solar phenomena. His works on

  14. [Medical history impressions of Karl Marx 1983].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaiser, W

    1983-12-15

    Excerpts of his London era first published on the occasion of the Karl Marx testimonials of 1983 gave rise to extend the memory of the fundamental achievements of Karl Marx to medico-historical aspects. In this case Karl Marx paid special attention to the working and living conditions of the working class and an analysis of his adequate statements and records shows multifarious details which give a research basis also for the history of medicine. Marx and Engels had friendly contacts with several physicians who shared the opinions of the two classics: their way of life is shown in the most important points.

  15. Friedrichs systems in a Hilbert space framework: Solvability and multiplicity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antonić, N.; Erceg, M.; Michelangeli, A.

    2017-12-01

    The Friedrichs (1958) theory of positive symmetric systems of first order partial differential equations encompasses many standard equations of mathematical physics, irrespective of their type. This theory was recast in an abstract Hilbert space setting by Ern, Guermond and Caplain (2007), and by Antonić and Burazin (2010). In this work we make a further step, presenting a purely operator-theoretic description of abstract Friedrichs systems, and proving that any pair of abstract Friedrichs operators admits bijective extensions with a signed boundary map. Moreover, we provide sufficient and necessary conditions for existence of infinitely many such pairs of spaces, and by the universal operator extension theory (Grubb, 1968) we get a complete identification of all such pairs, which we illustrate on two concrete one-dimensional examples.

  16. Kirjavahetus Kaarel Robert Pustaga / Karl Ast Rumor

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rumor, Karl, pseud., 1886-1971

    2009-01-01

    Kirjavahetus Rio de Janeiros elava Karl Ast Rumori ja New Yorgis elava Kaarel Robert Pusta vahel Eesti kongressi kokkukutsumise vajalikkuse, väliseesti ühingute ja nõukogude, ajakirjanduse ning üldise poliitilise olukorra teemadel

  17. Karl Konrad Grass jumalainimeste uurijana / Alar Laats

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laats, Alar

    2006-01-01

    Karl Konrad Grass oli 19. sajandil Dorpati keiserliku ülikooli usuteaduskonna Uue Testamendi õppejõud, kes tegeles hobi korras idakristluse (vene sektid) uurimisega. Tema peateoseks on uurimus "Die russischen Sekten". Ettekanne konverentsil 15.-16. aprill 2005. a.

  18. Karl Kello - elukutse olla saarlane / Aare Laine

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laine, Aare, 1951-

    2004-01-01

    Kuressaare Kuursaalis näidati kadripäeval nelja Ruta Celma ja Karl Kello kultuuriloolist dokumentaalfilmi : "Narr Jumala kojas" (2000), "Phaetonit otsides" (1999), "Eestlased Lätis" (2004) ja Kalevipoja temaatikat arendav "Küll siis Kalev..." (2004). Filmide operaator on Arvo Vilu. Artikli autor kõneleb Karl Kellost, tema Karja kiriku ja Kaali järve problemaatika arendustest peale filmide ka kirjasõnas

  19. Friedrich Nietzsche in Basel: An Apology for Classical Studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santini, Carlotta

    2018-01-01

    Alongside his work as a professor of Greek Language and Literature at the University of Basel, Friedrich Nietzsche reflected on the value of classical studies in contemporary nineteenth-century society, starting with a self-analysis of his own classical training and position as a philologist and teacher. Contrary to his well-known aversion to…

  20. Quantum Zeno effect for N-level Friedrichs model

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Antoniou, I.; Karpov, E.; Pronko, G.; Yarevskij, E.

    2003-01-01

    We study the short-time behaviour of the survival probability in the framework of the N-level Friedrichs model. We show that depending on the initial conditions the decay can be considerably slowed down or even stopped. By choosing proper parameters of the system, the Zeno time can also be considerably extended

  1. Friedrich Meinecke : Panentheism and the Crisis of Historicism

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Krol, R.A.

    2010-01-01

    Friedrich Meinecke's Die Idee der Staatsr son (1924) is generally seen as the study in which he replaced his monistic-idealistic philosophy of history - as articulated in Weltburgertum und Nationalstaat - by a dualistic worldview. In this article I will argue against this view. I will do so on the

  2. Physics with Big Karl Brainstorming. Abstracts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Machner, H.; Lieb, J.

    2000-08-01

    Before summarizing details of the meeting, a short description of the spectrometer facility Big Karl is given. The facility is essentially a new instrument using refurbished dipole magnets from its predecessor. The large acceptance quadrupole magnets and the beam optics are new. Big Karl has a design very similar as the focussing spectrometers at MAMI (Mainz), AGOR (Groningen) and the high resolution spectrometer (HRS) in Hall A at Jefferson Laboratory with ΔE/E = 10 -4 but at some lower maximum momentum. The focal plane detectors consisting of multiwire drift chambers and scintillating hodoscopes are similar. Unlike HRS, Big Karl still needs Cerenkov counters and polarimeters in its focal plane; detectors which are necessary to perform some of the experiments proposed during the brainstorming. In addition, BIG KARL allows emission angle reconstruction via track measurements in its focal plane with high resolution. In the following the physics highlights, the proposed and potential experiments are summarized. During the meeting it became obvious that the physics to be explored at Big Karl can be grouped into five distinct categories, and this summary is organized accordingly. (orig.)

  3. Adolf Friedrich Fercher: a pioneer of biomedical optics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hitzenberger, Christoph K

    2017-11-01

    Adolf Friedrich Fercher, an outstanding pioneer of biomedical optics, passed away earlier this year. He was a brilliant and visionary researcher who pioneered various fields of biomedical optics, such as laser speckle flowgraphy, tissue interferometry, and optical coherence tomography (OCT). On the occasion of the 25th anniversary of OCT, this paper reviews and commemorates Fercher's pioneering work. (2017) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE).

  4. Karl A. Gschneidner Jr (1930–2016)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pecharsky, Vitalij K.

    2016-01-01

    Presented here is the obituary for Karl Albert Gschneidner Jr. He died on 27 April 2016. Nicknamed Mr Rare Earth, he holds an unparalleled place as the renowned authority in just about every aspect related to the science, technology and history of a very special family of elements — the rare earths.

  5. Some Educational Implications of Karl Marx's Communism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hellerich, Gert

    1970-01-01

    According to the expressed ideas of Karl Marx, education should be viewed as a means to develop a person's whole potential and to make him a better human being. It is his contention that in a capitalist society, the educational process causes misery and exists solely to further entrench the power of the rich. (CK)

  6. Karl Marx: Critique as Emancipatory Practice

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Celikates, R.; de Boer, K.; Sonderegger, R.

    2012-01-01

    Critique of philosophy, critique of religion, critique of politics, critique of political economy - there is almost no sphere of modern society of which Karl Marx’s theory does not offer a critique. This makes it all the more necessary to investigate whether these different critiques possess any

  7. Der Briefwechsel zwischen Karl Kreil und Alexander von Humboldt, ein wichtiger Beitrag zur Geschichte des Erdmagnetismus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karin Reich

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The correspondence between Alexander von Humboldt und Karl Kreil was voluminous, it concerned earth magnetism. But only one letter has survived. This letter was written by Kreil on September 3, 1836; one day later Kreil wrote a letter to Carl Friedrich Gauss with nearly the same contents, some sentences are even literally corresponding. Four letters from Kreil to Humboldt were published in the „Annalen der Physik und Chemie“. Some letters were mentioned in the biographical literature dealing with Kreil. These letters show, that the correspondence covered at least the period until 1851 and give information about the intensive relationship between the two scientists. A further interesting source is the library of Humboldt which unfortunately has not survived. The catalogue mentions nine works of Kreil some of them where annotated by Humboldt. This makes it plausible that the contacts even lasted until 1856. Zusammenfassung Die Korrespondenz zwischen Alexander von Humboldt und Karl Kreil war umfangreich und betraf den Erdmagnetismus. Aber heute ist nur noch ein einziger Brief im Original bekannt. Dieser Brief, den Kreil am 3. September 1836 Alexander von Humboldt zukommen ließ, stimmt inhaltlich und teilweise wortwörtlich mit dem Brief überein, den Kreil nur einen Tag später, am 4. September 1836, an Carl Friedrich Gauß schickte. Vier Briefe von Kreil an Humboldt wurden in den „Annalen der Physik und Chemie“ publiziert, eine nicht allzu große Anzahl weiterer Briefe an Humboldt wurde in der biographischen Literatur über Kreil und in Briefen Kreils an Koller und Gauß erwähnt. Aber nicht nur die lückenhafte und bruchstückhaft bekannte Korrespondenz zwischen Humboldt und Kreil, die bis 1851 reicht, gibt Aufschluss über die Beziehungen, sondern von besonderer Bedeutung ist des Weiteren der Bestand an Kreiliana in der Bibliothek Humboldts. Es handelt sich um neun Werke Kreils, das letzte aus dem Jahr 1856. Nachweisbare

  8. On psychodynamics of personal value-judgements - Nietzsche's theory of resentment and its reception by Karl Jaspers and Kurt Schneider.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bormuth, Matthias

    2009-06-01

    A hundred years ago when Karl Jaspers was introducing psychological understanding to psychiatry the founder of the school of Heidelberg spoke of Friedrich Nietzsche as one of the "greatest" psychologists. Especially his theory of resentment with its core thesis unconscious prejudices were influencing our behaviour was able to illuminate the complex structure of human will. Taking into account this horizon of psychiatric history of ideas the presentation wants to persecute the following three questions: 1) Why the postulate which Nietzsche was giving on cultural prejudices of our thoughts, feelings and acts was so provocative so that many of the classical thinkers of psychological understanding were taking it up according to the needs of their disciplines sociology, psychology, psychiatry and philosophy? 2) What were the results of this inspiring theory which could be especially seen in the works of Karl Jaspers and Kurt Schneider? In other words: What were the aspects in which they agreed in their reception of Nietzsche and what were the points in which the two psychiatrists of the school of Heidelberg differed in the way they took the theory of resentment into account for their psychological understanding? 3) What could be the actual significance of the historical fact that Nietzsche and in his footsteps Max Weber were taking deep influence on psychiatric thinking around 1900?

  9. Lembitu : Eesti muistepõlve mälestustest kasvanud luuletus / Friedrich Reinhold Kreutzwald

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kreutzwald, Friedrich Reinhold, 1803-1882

    2003-01-01

    Faksiimileväljaanne: Kreutzwald, Friedrich Reinhold. Lembitu : Eesti muistepõlwe mälestustest kaswanud luuletus / Puhkama läinud lauliku Friedrich Reinhold Kreutzwaldi järel jäetud paberitest wälja antud. Tartu : G. Blumberg, 1885

  10. Friedrich Nikolai Russowi ja Wilhelm Friedrich Tuglase osalus "Pöllumehhe nöuandja" väljaandmisel / Liivi Aarma

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aarma, Liivi, 1948-

    2012-01-01

    "Pöllumehhe nöuandja" koostajate ja tekstiautorite kohta otsest teavet säilinud pole. Võimalik, et kirjastajal oligi kokkulepe raamatu tegijaid mitte kirja panna. Jaan Eilart on oletanud, et raamatuga võis seotud olla literaat Friedrich Nikolai Russow. Fiedrich Nikolai Russowvi perekonnaloost. Eelnenud uurimisele toetudes võib väita, et raamatu "Põllumehe nõuandja" teksti kokkupanijaks oli Järvamaa juurtega kirjamees Wilhelm Friedrich Tuglas. Tuglasest ja tema suguvõsast

  11. Friedrich Nietzsche: the wandering and learned neuropath under Dionisius

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marleide da Mota Gomes

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900 was a remarkable philologist-philosopher while remaining in a condition of ill-health. Issues about his wandering/disruptive behavior that might be a consequence and/or protection against his cognitive decline and multifaceted disease are presented. The life complex that raises speculations about its etiology is constituted by: insight, creativity and wandering behavior besides several symptoms and signs of disease(s, mainly neurological one. The most important issue to be considered at the moment is not the disease diagnosis (Lissauer’s general paresis or CADASIL, e.g., but the probable Nietzsche’s great cognitive reserve linked to the multifactorial etiology (genetic and environmental, and shared characteristics both to creativity and psychopathology. This makes any disease seems especial regarding Nietzsche, and whichever the diagnostic hypothesis has to consider the Nietzsche’s unique background to express any disease(s.

  12. Overcoming state within the Friedrich Nietzsche’s irrational approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. F. Zakharchuk

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes the views of Nietzsche on the nature and significance of the state in the context of socio-political issues. Examines how the criticism of Nietzsche for the state’s phenomenon is related to his irrational approach to the socio-political sphere, and therefore also raises the question of the possibility of attracting these Friedrich Nietzsche’s ideas regarding the institution of the state to understanding contemporary socio-political processes. For the disclosure of the above tasks in the work undertaken analysis of the Friedrich Nietzsche’s ideas in terms of their correlation with some general philosophical ideas of the German philosopher. In particular understanding of Nietzsche role of the state has been analyzed in the context of ideas like the idea of a hierarchical society, the idea of the superman, the idea of true morality. These ideas go beyond the purely social and philosophical beliefs of the thinker, but they are essential for understanding the logic and purposes of the consideration of the Nietzschean idea of the state. These ideas have been analyzed in the study mainly critically, in particular given the Nietzsche’s controversial assessment of state as a negative phenomenon and situational positive assessment of the state’s role. It is noted that this duality of Nietzsche in this issue is just due to the formulation of more general philosophical problems then was stated above. At the same time, the work focuses on the possibility of positive reading Nietzsche’s position on the state, which is associated with the idea of the free will of the individual opposed to the dictates of the enslaved majority.

  13. 'Doing theology as though nothing had happened' – reading Karl ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    'Doing theology as though nothing had happened' – reading Karl Barth's confessional theology in Zimbabwe today? ... This article will attempt to argue that this theology can contribute to the Reformed theology in present day Zimbabwe. It will therefore attempt to introduce the confessional theology of Karl Barth to ...

  14. Kilplaste töö ei lõpe kunagi / Friedrich Reinhold Kreutzwald

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kreutzwald, Friedrich Reinhold, 1803-1882

    2009-01-01

    Peatükk "Kilplased muretsevad nõukogu maja jaoks palkisid / Friedrich Reinhold Kreutzwald" lugemikust: Eesti Kooli Lugemiseraamat. 1. jagu. Tallinn : Eesti-kubermangu Kooliõpetajate Vastastikku Abiandmise Selts, 1914

  15. Wilhelm Friedrich – zakladatel české historické geografie?

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Martínek, Jiří

    2013-01-01

    Roč. 39, č. 1 (2013), s. 113-125 ISSN 0323-0988 Institutional support: RVO:67985963 Keywords : Friedrich Wilhelm (1882–1914) * historical geography * history of geography * history of settlement Subject RIV: AB - History

  16. Preestrita pihtimus : Friedrich Nietzsche ja tema substantsiaalne mina (Ecce homo) / Jaan Undusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Undusk, Jaan, 1958-

    1998-01-01

    Varem ilmunud raamatu järelsõnana: Nietzsche, Friedrich. Ecce homo : kuidas saadakse selleks, mis ollakse / tlk. Jaan Undusk. Tallinn : Vagabund, 1996. Sisu: Poeetiline, filosoofiline, dionüüsiline kaanon ; Künism contra hulluskahtlus ; Antikristlik pihtimus ; Egoretoorika

  17. Karl Schwarzschild and the professionalization of astrophysics. (German Title: Karl Schwarzschild und die Professionalisierung der Astrophysik)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmidt-Kaler, Theodor

    Professionalization is characteristic for physics and astronomy since 1830, and forms the basis for their rapid evolution in the 20th century. Karl Schwarzschild's contributions to professionalization of astronomy are presented: the introduction of course lectures in a repeating cycle, a permanent astrophysical laboratory, a tight connection between teaching and research, simulations and suggestions for astronomy at high schools and for the training of high school teachers, an interest in international organisation, and the initiative and planning of a southern observatory.

  18. Karl Korsch e a Comuna de Paris

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciano Cavini Martorano

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available

    Apesar de haver escrito uma extensa obra que ainda vem sendo editada no seu país natal, o marxista alemão Karl Korsch é praticamente desconhecido no Brasil – exceção feita a alguns poucos pesquisadores. Além da recente edição brasileira de seu importante trabalho Marxismo e filosofia (Editora UFRJ, e de alguns outros textos e artigos que podem ser encontrados em diferentes sites, o acesso ao conjunto de sua obra ainda é bastante difícil.

  19. Werner Karl Heisenberg (1901-1976)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kvasnica, J.

    1992-01-01

    The life's career of Werner Karl Heisenberg is described with emphasis on his creative development and cooperation with many other prominent physicists in the field of the quantum theory of atoms. In 1925, Heisenberg modified Bohr's quantum rule; in 1927 he formulated the uncertainty principle which puts some restrictions on the simultaneous determination of the position and momentum. In 1928, Heisenberg set up the quantum theory of ferromagnetism, which still underlies all theories of magnetic properties of substances. Soon after Chadwick's discovery of the neutron (1932), Heisenberg introduced the concept of the isospin - he interpreted the proton and the neutron as one particle (nucleon) in two charge states. Heisenberg's professional and pedagogical activities during and after the 2nd world war are also described. (Z.S.). 5 refs

  20. Kernaspekte van die kennissosiologie van Karl Mannheim

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. D. Louw

    1985-03-01

    Full Text Available The author deals with certain crucial aspects of the sociology of knowledge of Karl Mannheim in view of the fact that he finds that the increase, worldwide, of interest in ideological difficulties in South Africa can fruitfully be dealt with in terms of this form of sociology. This is justified in part by Mannheim's viewpoint that thought is a function of human existence, and this function emanates from needs based on social factors. He traces Mannheim's use of the term ideology (in Sociology, culminating With the Idea that “the birth and death of ideology depends on certain social, economic and 'ecological' factors”. Subsequently he deals with a whole line of aspects of the sociology of knowledge as expounded by Mannheim, culminating in the idea that shifts in views with regard to lifeview and underlying values take place when there is a rapid upward (vertical mobility, leading to uncertainties and a lack of trust in established values.

  1. Kes oli rännumees Karl Feyerabend? / Urmas Sutrop

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sutrop, Urmas, 1956-

    2001-01-01

    Feyerabend, Karl. Kosmopolitische Wanderungen durch Preussen, Curland, Liefland, Litthauen, Vollhynien, Podolien und Schlesien, in der jahren 1795 bis 1798. In Briefen an einen Freund. Bd. 3. 1801. Eestile on pühendatud reisiraamatu 40. kiri

  2. Karl Timoleon v. Neff / Carl Christian Vogel von Vogelstein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vogel von Vogelstein, Carl Christian, 1788-1868

    2004-01-01

    "Ruskii Bibliofil", 1912, nr. 4, lk. 34; fotol tekst: "Piano di Sorrento, Villa Pisani, 20. Juli 1843". Neffi käega kirjutatud: "Karl Timoleon v. Neff geboren in Pühs in Estland im Jahre 1804 d. 2. October"

  3. Balti Maailmanõukogu aktsioonid Helsingis 1975 / Karl Laantee

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laantee, Karl, 1927-2007

    2006-01-01

    1975. a. Helsingis peetud Euroopa Julgeoleku ja Koostöö Konverentsi Balti delegatsiooni liikme Karl Laantee tekst, mille ta esitas 4. augustil 1975 Balti Maailmanõukogu pressikonverentsil "Continental"hotellis Stockholmis Rootsi Eestlaste Esinduse pressiinfona

  4. Karl Popper at ninety: Highlights of a lifelong intellectual quest

    Science.gov (United States)

    Selleri, Franco; van der Merwe, Alwyn

    1991-12-01

    On the occasion of his ninetieth birthday, Karl Popper's lifelong pursuit of answers in several areas of scientific and philosophical thinking is briefly traced, mainly with reference to excerpts from his own writings.

  5. Märkmeid uusima Preisi tsensuuriinstruktsiooni kohta / Karl Marx

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Marx, Karl

    2000-01-01

    Preisi uue (1841. aasta) tsensuuriinstruktsiooni tõusikliku vaimu vastuolust vana (1818. aasta) tsensuurimääruse ratsionalismiga. Moraali ja religiooni vastuolust. Vt. ka Ain Kaalepi artiklit "Veel Karl Marxist ja tsensuurist

  6. Karl Rawer’s life and scientific achievements*

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. W. Reinisch

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available This laudation is given in honor of the 90th birthday of Prof. Karl Rawer. The ionosphere was discovered during Karl Rawer’s life, and he has dedicated his life to the exploration of this part of Earth’s environment. The horrible events of world wars I and II shaped his early life, but they also launched his career as one of the eminent geophysical scientists of the twentieth century.

  7. Saage tuttavaks : Elisabeth ja Karl von Hoerschelmann / Mai Levin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Levin, Mai, 1942-

    2004-01-01

    Kuraator M. Levin kuni 10. X 2004 Adamson-Ericu muuseumis avatud näitusest "Tuntud ja tundmatud Elisabeth von Rosendorff-Hoerschelmann ja Karl von Hoerschelmann". Enamik töid on kunstnike laste Konstantin Hoerschelmanni ja Anna Röder-Hoerschelmanni omand. Elisabeth Rosendorff (1898-1984) sündis Virumaal Maidlas eesti perekonnas, Karl von Hoerschelmann (1899-1951) Sevastoopolis saksa perekonnas

  8. A Conversation with Karl K. Turekian

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turekian, Karl K.; Cochran, J. Kirk

    2012-01-01

    Editors' Note Each year, the editorial board invites a distinguished member of the oceanographic community to contribute a prefatory chapter; this year, we were delighted when Karl Turekian, Sterling Professor of Geology and Geophysics at Yale, accepted our invitation. Over the course of a long and productive career, Dr. Turekian has pursued his interests in marine and atmospheric geochemistry by using natural radioactive and radiogenic isotopes to study Earth's evolution and the impacts of global change. He has also directed both the Center for the Study of Global Change at Yale and the Yale Institute for Biospheric Studies. In this interview, conducted by his former student Kirk Cochran, Dr. Turekian tells the story of his early career and discusses some of the major scientific challenges and opportunities faced along the way. His personal account of the rise of geochemistry is a charming story of how chance events and personalities impact scientific careers. His technical insight into the future of this field is illuminating, particularly for scientific outsiders who appreciate the central role of geochemistry in discerning and understanding patterns of global change. Craig A. Carlson and Stephen J. Giovannoni, Editors [Figure: see text

  9. Information Systems Foundations - Karl Popper's third world

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Craig McDonald

    2002-11-01

    Full Text Available The various information professions have matured separately over the years, developing different bodies of theory and practice to meet their evolving purposes and needs. A problem arises however, when different information professions address the same knowledge domain and there is no explicit correspondence between the conceptual structures embedded independently in each. In this situation, a knowledge worker involved in the domain is faced with a range of possibly incompatible structures presented in different forms by a range of information professions. This is a common problem that is being exacerbated by the explosion in information production and the widening access to information distribution technology, notably the World Wide Web. Information Systems now need to combine the best of what the information professions in a domain have to offer the domain’s knowledge workers. This paper examines the problem by exploring one of the foundations of the information disciplines - Karl Popper’s 3 Worlds theory, applying it to a case study and suggesting that the Information Systems discipline alone has a sufficiently broad agenda to integrate the various Informatics themes needed to support today’s knowledge workers.

  10. Karl Marx dan Konsep Perjuangan Kelas Sosial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Indriaty Ismail

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available ¬¬This article explores the history of the renowned world economic and political reformist, Karl Marx with a special focus on the social class concept. It also discusses to what extent that the Marx’s concept of social class struggle is capable to provide a way out to the proletariats, to free themselves from the chains of cruelty, violence and alienation in the capitalist system. Our main focal point is to scrutinize the relationship between the concepts of social class struggle and the need for a social revolution as a catalyst for the formation of a classless society. Along the way, we studied and analyzed the documents produced on the primary sources covering major works of Marx and the secondary sources consisting reviews of the Marx’s class concept. As a result, we found out that Marx’s concept of class fight is competent to represent the oppressed group to battle for their freedom rights. The Proletariat dictatorship attitude was used as their main shield to face the threat of the capitalist class. Marx’s ultimate success is realized through a burst of ideas and beliefs that supports the ideas of egalitarian Communism although many contradictions arise between the ideas of Marx and the 20th centuries Communism when they are translated into practice.

  11. Kroonupatriotism või rahvuslik mõtlemine? Friedrich Nikolai Russowi ja Friedrich Reinhold Kreutzwaldi Krimmi sõja ainelised teosed / Ljubov Kisseljova ; venekeelsest käsikirjast tõlkinud Mall Jõgi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kisseljova, Ljubov, 1950-

    2016-01-01

    Analüüsitakse kahe rahvusliku liikumise varase etapi kirjamehe, Friedrich Nikolai Russowi ja Friedrich Reinhold Kreutzwaldi Krimmi sõja aineliste tekstide pragmaatikat. Tekstid on: Tallinna koddaniko ramat omma söbbradele male (Tallinn, 1854-1857), Russowi poeem "Söalaul" (1854), Kreutzwaldi poeem "Sõda" (1854)

  12. Romance romântico e teoria do romance: Lucinde, de Friedrich Schlegel

    OpenAIRE

    Maas, Wilma Patricia Marzari Dinardo [UNESP

    2011-01-01

    Friedrich Schlegel’s novel, Lucinde, is here discussed as being part of a whole project for the establishment of the basis for a theory of modern novel. At the same time we try to point out some possible descendants of Schlegel’s ideas on the theory of the novel, as in Lukács and Walter Benjamin. Investiga-se aqui o estatuto do romance Lucinde, de Friedrich Schlegel, como parte do projeto do autor para a criação de uma teoria do romance moderno. Ao mesmo tempo, apontam-se prováveis descend...

  13. Karl Popper Y Friedrich Hayek: una luz sobre la naturaleza, objeto y método de la administración

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco López Gallego

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available Con base en el reconocimiento de la existencia de un conocimiento objetivo sin sujeto cognoscente, propio del llamado “tercer mundo” poperiano, en primera instancia se intenta someter a examen el discurso administrativo –en tanto sistema de conocimientos– para determinar hasta qué punto es susceptible de ser construido mediante un método válido, con lo cual se aspira a establecer una discusión en torno a su naturaleza. En un segundo momento, se continúa con la presentación del método que Popper reclama para las ciencias sociales en general, devenido de la economía, el cual sería también el apropiado para nuestra disciplina. Finalmente, se pretende delimitar un objeto de estudio propio de dicho sistema de conocimientos, a partir de la diferencia que F. Hayek establece entre los órdenes sociales artificiales y espontáneos.

  14. Constructing Marxism: Karl Kautsky and the French Revolution

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nygaard, Bertel

    2009-01-01

    Karl Kautsky's writings on the French Revolution were crucial to the construction not only of the Marxist interpretation of the Revolution, which was perhaps the most important reference point for the historiography of that event during the 20th century, but even of Marxism itself as a comprehens......Karl Kautsky's writings on the French Revolution were crucial to the construction not only of the Marxist interpretation of the Revolution, which was perhaps the most important reference point for the historiography of that event during the 20th century, but even of Marxism itself...

  15. Træk af en ung Karl Marx

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ziegler, Magnus Møller

    2018-01-01

    Det kritiske program, som var Karl Marx' bidrag til både tænkningen og den revolutionære bevægelse, tog sit udgangspunkt i det filosofiske miljø, der dominerede i Tyskland i 1840'erne.......Det kritiske program, som var Karl Marx' bidrag til både tænkningen og den revolutionære bevægelse, tog sit udgangspunkt i det filosofiske miljø, der dominerede i Tyskland i 1840'erne....

  16. Mozart, Karl Barth, og den kristne troslæren

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Nils Holger

    2010-01-01

    En diskussion af Karl Barths teologiske brug af W.A.Mozart i den kirchliche Dogmatik med kontekstuel inddragelse af en til en vis grad tilsvarende overordnet diskussion af Mozart, skrevet af en samtidig musiker, den fremtrædende Mozart-dirigent Ferenc Fricsay. ......En diskussion af Karl Barths teologiske brug af W.A.Mozart i den kirchliche Dogmatik med kontekstuel inddragelse af en til en vis grad tilsvarende overordnet diskussion af Mozart, skrevet af en samtidig musiker, den fremtrædende Mozart-dirigent Ferenc Fricsay. ...

  17. A DIMENSÃO ECLESIAL DOS SACRAMENTOS SEGUNDO KARL RAHNER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Francisco Taborda

    1976-01-01

    Full Text Available Escrever sobre Karl Rahner já deixou de ser moda. Por isso mesmo vale a pena tentá-lo. Ultrapassados o entusiasmo novidadeiro e o ardor sectário, o estudo do teólogo alemão pode ser muito mais frutuo-so à reflexão teológica. Indubitavelmente — tenha-se sobre ele a opinião que for — Karl Rahner marcou profundamente a teologia católica, de cuja renovação entre os anos 50 e 70 de nosso século foi u m dos mais importantes fautores.

  18. Friedrich Max Müller and the Sacred Books of the East

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Molendijk, Arie L.

    2016-01-01

    This volume offers a critical analysis of one the most ambitious editorial projects of late Victorian Britain: the edition of the fifty substantial volumes of the Sacred Books of the East (1879-1910). The series was edited and conceptualized by Friedrich Max Müller (1823-1900), a world-famous

  19. Two Rival Conceptions of Vocational Education: Adam Smith and Friedrich List.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winch, Christopher

    1998-01-01

    Examines and discusses two views of political economy: (1) the classical model of Adam Smith; and (2) the social capitalist model associated with Friedrich List. Explores two varieties of vocational education and training that emerge from a comparison of Smith's and List's ideas. (CMK)

  20. The Neo-Humanistic Concept of "Bildung" Going Astray: Comments to Friedrich Schiller's Thoughts on Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vinterbo-Hohr, Aagot; Hohr, Hansjorg

    2006-01-01

    Friedrich Schiller (1759-1805), German poet, dramatist, philosopher and publisher, was a prominent contributor to the educational neo-humanistic concept of Bildung at the threshold to Romanticism. Schiller assigns a pivotal role to the aesthetic education arguing that aesthetic activity reconciles sensuousness and reason and thereby creates the…

  1. Anton Grams dem Gustav Friedrich Wilhelm Großmann: Mozart schreibe eine neue Oper

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Jonášová, Milada

    2016-01-01

    Roč. 53, č. 1 (2016), s. 29-53 ISSN 0018-7003 R&D Projects: GA ČR GAP409/12/2563 Institutional support: RVO:68378076 Keywords : Mozart * 1786 * letter * Anton Grams * Gustav Friedrich Wilhelm Großmann Subject RIV: AL - Art, Architecture, Cultural Heritage

  2. Tänuvõla tasumine kosimisega : Friedrich Reinhold Kreutzwald + Maria Lisabeth Saedler / Oskar Kruus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kruus, Oskar, 1929-2007

    2000-01-01

    Friedrich Reinhold Kreutzwald ja Maria Lisabeth Saedler. Kirjutises on kasutatud Gustav Suitsu ja Endel Nirgi uurimusi. Ilmunud ka kogumikus: Kruus, Oskar. Kakskümmend üks pulma ja üksteist surma. Tln. : Faatum, 2003, lk. 7-11

  3. Het geweten van Duitsland : Friedrich Meinecke als pleitbezorger van het Duitse historisme

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Krol, Reinbert Arnout

    2013-01-01

    The German historian Friedrich Meinecke (1862-1954) lived through all major political en intellectual events of modern Germany. The unification of Germany in 1871, the First World War, the ‘Crisis of Historicism’, the Weimar Republic, the Third Reich, the Second World War, and the subsequent

  4. Friedrich Froebel's Gifts: Connecting the Spiritual and Aesthetic to the Real World of Play and Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Provenzo, Eugene F., Jr.

    2009-01-01

    Friedrich Froebel, the German educator and founder of the Kindergarten Movement, developed a series of play materials including geometric building blocks and pattern activity blocks designed to teach children about forms and relationships found in nature. Froebel's notions about using activity and play in preschool education complement many…

  5. Friedrich Dessauer's (1881-1963) contributions to the development of radiotherapy in Turkey

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dinc, Gulten

    2007-01-01

    Famous physicist Friedrich Dessauer carried out innovative studies in the field of radiotherapy in Turkey where he took refuge escaping from the political situation in Germany before the Second World War. The paper deals with Dessauer's works for the establishment of a radiotherapy institute in Turkey and his contributions to this field

  6. Lotgevallen van een verzamelaar Friedrich Wilhelm Freiherr von Bissing (1873-1956)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Haarlem, W.

    2014-01-01

    Friedrich Wilhelm Freiherr von Bissing was a rich German collector who assembled one of the largest private collections of Egyptian antiquities. He also taught Egyptian art history; first in Munich, then in Utrecht. The hard times that followed the First World War brought financial trouble, forcing

  7. Management and Profile of Rape Victims attending the Karl Bremer ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Setting: The study was conducted at the rape centre at the Karl Bremer Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa. To describe the frequency of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in rape victims, all consecutive patients who presented to the rape centre over the one-year period from 1 April 2006 to 31 March 2007 were included ...

  8. The Power of Prevention: Dr. Karl Augustus Menninger.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gillogly, Robert R.

    1993-01-01

    This issue's "Voices of Pioneers" segment features the work of Karl Menninger, pre-eminent psychiatrist, and his contributions to prison reform, mental health, and child care systems. Notes many of Menninger's books and writings, including relevant quotes throughout the article. Also describes Menninger's concern over the plight of…

  9. The Wartime Success of Karl Shapiro's V-Letter

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oostdijk, D.M.

    2006-01-01

    The American soldier-poet Karl Shapiro won the Pulitzer Prize for V-Letter and Other Poems (1944), making him an instant celebrity. The volume was written while he was stationed in Australia and New Guinea during World War II. Shaprio sent the completed poems to his fiancée, Evalyn Katz, who edited

  10. Karl Popper and Jean Piaget: A Rationale for Constructivism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harlow, Steve; Cummings, Rhoda; Aberasturi, Suzanne M.

    2006-01-01

    The current faddish use of the term constructivism has taken on as many different definitions as the number of people attempting to define it. This essay clarifies the meaning of constructivism through an examination of Karl Popper's and Jean Piaget's theories. The authors provide a rationale for the use of Popper's paradigm of "Three Worlds" and…

  11. The Reference Process and the Philosophy of Karl Popper.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neill, S. D.

    1985-01-01

    Two aspects of Karl Popper's philosophy are applied to reference process: process is viewed as series of problem-solving situations amenable to analysis using Popper's problem-solving schema. Reference interview is analyzed in context of Popper's postulate that books contain autonomous world of ideas existing apart from mind of knower. (30…

  12. Kõne EV aastapäeva aktusel / Karl Altau

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Altau, Karl Stephen, 1959-

    2006-01-01

    Läti kirikus peetud Eesti Vabariigi aastapäeva aktusel rääkis Karl Altau Ühendatud Balti Ameerika Komitee nimel kommunismi ohvrite mälestussamba ehitamise alustamisest Washingtoni kesklinna 2006. aastal, koostööst kõigi baltlaste vahel ja võimalusest annetada, üleskutsest toetada Valgevene rahvast teel demokraatiale

  13. The nature and consequence of Karl Marx's skin disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shuster, S

    2008-01-01

    From an analysis of the original correspondence, it has been possible to establish that Karl Marx's incapacitating skin disease was hidradenitis suppurativa, not 'boils' as was universally assumed at the time and since; the psychological effect of this illness on the man and his work appears to have been considerable.

  14. Karl Marx as a Social Scientist and Utopian Dreamer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stevenson, James A.

    The central paradox of Karl Marx's work is his belief that the vision of mankind leaving inequality and scarcity behind is attainable. The idea that human alienation, inequality, and need could be rendered obsolete by a future communist society of abundance is a significant failing in Marx's thought. It is at the same time the critical element in…

  15. hts 63_4_ vanwyk natie karl barth 2007 _outeur

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    p1243322

    Karl Barth's dogmatics is a theology of the Second Article of the Creed .... his theology: • According to Barth, ethics is the teaching of God's command (Gebot). ...... Americanism in the form of religious show business is threatening to destroy our ...

  16. Hannah Arendt and Karl Jaspers: The Time of Friendship

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nixon, Jon

    2016-01-01

    This paper provides an introduction to the enduring friendship between Hannah Arendt and Karl Jaspers. It shows how their intellectual development as public educators was sustained by their ongoing dialogue which flourished not in spite of but because of their huge differences of circumstance and personality. This friendship between two renowned…

  17. Historical consciousness and existential awareness in Karl Barth\\'s ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Karl Barth's hermeneutic legacy prolonged Western Christian tradition, especially influenced by Hegelian philosophy of history. This led to Barth's “theological exegesis” instead of a historic-critical exegesis. In a preceding article Barth's understanding of the notion “hermeneutic circle” is discussed against the background of ...

  18. A biographical note on Max Friedrich (1856-1887), Wundt's first PhD student in experimental psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Domanski, Cezary W

    2004-01-01

    This article unveils some previously unknown facts about the short life of Max Friedrich (1856-1887), the author in 1881 of the first PhD dissertation on experimental psychology, written under the supervision of Wilhelm Wundt: "On the Duration of Apperception for Simple and Complex Visual Stimuli." The article describes Friedrich's family background and life, professional career as a teacher, and works in psychology and mathematics. Copyright 2004 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  19. On the Inequalities of Babu\\vska-Aziz, Friedrichs and Horgan-Payne

    Science.gov (United States)

    Costabel, Martin; Dauge, Monique

    2015-09-01

    The equivalence between the inequalities of Babu\\vska-Aziz and Friedrichs for sufficiently smooth bounded domains in the plane was shown by Horgan and Payne 30 years ago. We prove that this equivalence, and the equality between the associated constants, is true without any regularity condition on the domain. For the Horgan-Payne inequality, which is an upper bound of the Friedrichs constant for plane star-shaped domains in terms of a geometric quantity known as the Horgan-Payne angle, we show that it is true for some classes of domains, but not for all bounded star-shaped domains. We prove a weaker inequality that is true in all cases.

  20. Kuninganna Kristiina ning kunungas Karl XI : rootsiaegsed portreed raekojas = Queen Christina and King Karl XI : portraits of the Swedish period in the Town Hall / Pia Ehasalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ehasalu, Pia, 1964-

    2004-01-01

    Kuninganna Kristiina portreest lapsena (1638). Arvatav autor: Rootsi tolleaegne õuekunstnik Jacob Heinrich Elbfas või tema töökoda. Rootsi kuninga Karl XI noorpõlveportreest (1670). Autor: Karl XI õuekunstnik David Klöcker Ehrenstrahl (1628-1698)

  1. [Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker's philosophy of the mind].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lyre, Holger

    2014-01-01

    The paper deals with Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker's position within the philosophy of mind. It turns out that Weizsäcker's ontology is based on an unorthodox conception both in the philosophy of physics and in the philosophy of mind. His quantum information theoretic reductionism is based on a subtle combination of atomism and holism, his philosophy of mind connected to this is a neutral monism, which proposes a bold intertwining of mind, matter, and space.

  2. ["Living with the bomb" - Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker's path from physics to politics].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, Mark

    2014-01-01

    Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker spanned a spectrum from physics to politics, with philosophy in-between. This chapter surveys the most controversial part of his career, including his work on nuclear weapons and participation in cultural propaganda during the Second World War, his subsequent active political engagement during the postwar Federal German Republic, in particular the role of nuclear weapons, and his participation in myths surrounding Hitler's Bomb".

  3. 1st Karl Schwarzschild Meeting on Gravitational Physics

    CERN Document Server

    Kaminski, Matthias; Mureika, Jonas; Bleicher, Marcus

    2016-01-01

    These proceedings collect the selected contributions of participants of the First Karl Schwarzschild Meeting on Gravitational Physics, held in Frankfurt, Germany to celebrate the 140th anniversary of Schwarzschild's birth. They are grouped into 4 main themes: I. The Life and Work of Karl Schwarzschild; II. Black Holes in Classical General Relativity, Numerical Relativity, Astrophysics, Cosmology, and Alternative Theories of Gravity; III. Black Holes in Quantum Gravity and String Theory; IV. Other Topics in Contemporary Gravitation. Inspired by the foundational principle ``By acknowledging the past, we open a route to the future",  the week-long meeting, envisioned as a forum for exchange between scientists from all locations and levels of education, drew participants from 15 countries across 4 continents. In addition to plenary talks from leading researchers, a special focus on young talent was provided, a feature underlined by the Springer Prize for the best student and junior presentations.

  4. Karl Raimund Popper: Problem Neopositivistik dan Teori Kritis Falsifikasi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Syamsul Huda

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Karl Popper once criticizes the positivistic paradigm by means of what he calls the theory of falsification. To him, the positivistic paradigm constitutes a failure simply because it cannot distinguish between science and prude science, that is, between empirical method and non-empirical method. In the scientific knowledge, empirical science, mathematics and logic must be differentiated, something that the positivistic paradigm has failed to do. This paradigm furthermore, did not have a clear picture what logic-based science is, empirical knowledge and psychology of knowledge. It also fails to properly understand knowledge that springs from tradition, emotion, authority and so forth. All positivistic paradigms such as that of Karl Max’s Historicism, Freud’s theory of Psycho Analysis, Adler’s theory of Individual Analysis and Newton’s theory of Gravitation fall into this trap of failure.

  5. Architecture and Art Regulations for Karl Marx Street

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alla Mironenko

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The architecture and art regulations for Karl Marx Street and adjoining territories have been worked out for the Committee for town planning of the Irkutsk city administration. Basic provisions: facades of buildings and structures, outdoor advertising and information facilities, artistic illumination of buildings, elements of land improvements. The main principle is to preserve historical appearance and to create a contemporary and comfortable environment.

  6. Karl Kolbenheyer (1841–1901 – teacher, naturalist, tourist

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefan Witold Alexandrowicz

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Karl Kolbenheyer was born on May 28, 1841 in Bielsko. After attending a lower secondary school in Cieszyn, he began studies in classical languages (Greek and Latin at universities in Vienna and Jena, then he worked as a teacher in lower secondary schools in Lewocza, Cieszyn, and Bielsko. The research he undertook included botanical studies, measurements of absolute elevation, and meteorological observations in the Western Beskids as well as in the Tatra Mountains. The results of the studies were printed in German, Austrian, Polish, and Hungarian publications. He found species of plants not known earlier to exist in the area of Cieszyn and Bielsko. The measurements of elevations he made of characteristic points of landscape (more than 500 were used for cartographic purposes. From 1866 on, he was a member of Physiographic Commission of Kraków Scientific Society, and later of the Academy of Arts and Sciences, which financially supported his field work. Karl Kolbenheyer was one of the founders of the Beskidenverein – a German tourist organisation – and managed its branch in Bielsko. He prepared two tourist guides: the guide to Tatra Mountains – Die hohe Tatra (ten editions, and to the Beskids – Führer durch die Beskiden… (two editions. These guides contributed to the remarkable propagation of tourism. Karl Kolbenheyer died on February 1, 1901, and was buried at the Old Evangelical Cemetery in Bielsko.

  7. Kapitalismus versus Marktwirtschaft. Karl Marx und Fernand Braudel

    OpenAIRE

    Faber, Malte; Petersen, Thomas

    2018-01-01

    Since the beginning of the finance crisis, the notion of capitalism and the adjective capitalistic are more and more employed in public discourse without making an attempt to define it. In contrast, the concept of market economy is less used. We try in this paper to differentiate both concepts by going back to the approaches by Karl Marx (1818-1883) and Fernand Braudel (1902-1985). Marx does not use the term capitalism but only capitalistic production, while Braudel argues on the basis of a w...

  8. Epistemological anarchism of Paul Karl Feyerabend and medical education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andréia Patrícia Gomes

    Full Text Available The thoughts of the philosopher Paul Karl Feyerabend brought important contributions to the debate on Science in the 20th century. Most recently his views about non-existence of a single method for doing science have been employed to rethink science education and propose the use of multiple methods for effective teaching-learning process. This article employs the theoretical framework of the author expressed in the book Against Method, 1977, about the epistemological anarchism and the methodological pluralism and uses it in the contemporary discussion of medical education.

  9. Karl pearson the scientific life in a statistical age

    CERN Document Server

    Porter, Theodore M

    2010-01-01

    Karl Pearson, founder of modern statistics, came to this field by way of passionate early studies of philosophy and cultural history as well as ether physics and graphical geometry. His faith in science grew out of a deeply moral quest, reflected also in his socialism and his efforts to find a new basis for relations between men and women. This biography recounts Pearson's extraordinary intellectual adventure and sheds new light on the inner life of science. Theodore Porter's intensely personal portrait of Pearson extends from religious crisis and sexual tensions to metaphysical and even m

  10. El racionalismo crítico de Karl Popper

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis María Delio Machado

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo, pretende acercar algunos de los aspectos más importantes del pensamiento de uno de los filósofos más destacados de nuestro tiempo: Sir Karl Popper. Su presencia atraviesa nuestro siglo, presentándose como una de las voces visionarias y anticipadoras que se alzaron críticamente, contra toda actitud o acción que estuviese fundada en lo dogmático y que tuviese como finalidad, el olvido o la superación del individuo, aunque dicho olvido estuviese "justificado" por oraculares "bienes o fines superiores". (... 

  11. [Karl Marx and the Malthusian theory of population].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaggi, S

    1985-06-01

    An analysis of the works of Karl Marx is presented in order to demonstrate the importance of the population factor. The author contends that population growth is a critical factor in Marx's theory of the progressive impoverishment of the working class. However, because of his reluctance to acknowledge the value of the Malthusian contribution, Marx focused his analysis of the labor force under capitalism on the demand for workers and neglected the supply side, which is determined by the growth of population. The author concludes that Marxist theory would have benefited from greater consideration of Malthusian theory.

  12. Wie is die sondaar? Die beskouing van Karl Barth

    OpenAIRE

    F. J. van Zyl

    1994-01-01

    Who is the sinner? The view of Karl Barth The previous article dealt with Barth’s view of the knowledge and real essence of sin, while this one focus on his view of the human being as sinner. In accordance with his christological approach to all theological matters, Barth presents us with a description of the image and character of the sinner as mirrored by the obedient suffering and death of Jesus Christ on the cross in the place of all sinners of all times - past, present and future. Th...

  13. Karl Nagel : Pain things = Pain things / Eha Komissarov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Komissarov, Eha, 1947-

    2007-01-01

    Maali- ja videokunstnik Karl Nagelist kui probleemsest nüüdisaegsest kunstnikust, kes võtab provokatiivseid positsioone ideoloogiate ja poliitika küsimustes. Tema kunstnikupositsioon keerleb terrorismi, fašismi ja natsionalismi ümber, dissidendi positsioonile asununa on ta käsitlenud surma ja vägivalla teemat (Tšetšeenia sõda) ja üritanud sõna võtta ka kodanikuvabaduste laiendamise nimel. Sotsiaalse tegelikkuse ja kunsti vastandlikkuse küsimuses on ta võtnud nulltoleratsi taotleva seisukoha, võrdlemata kunsti tegelikkusega

  14. The Beginnings of Photography in Central Europe. Friedrich Franz and the First Daguerreotypes in Brno

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Trnková, Petra

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 39, č. 2 (2015), s. 121-141 ISSN 0308-7298 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GPP409/11/P834 Institutional support: RVO:68378033 Keywords : photography * 19th century * daguerreotype * portraiture * Friedrich Franz * Franz Xaver Braumüller * Anton Gindl * Albin Heinrich * Cyril Napp * Josef Carl Lauer * Carl Schuh * Josef Wawra * Andreas Ettingshausen * Voigtländer metal camera * Ackerbaugesellschaft * Brno * Moravia * early photography in Central Europe Subject RIV: AL - Art, Architecture, Cultural Heritage

  15. Friedrich Robert Helmert, founder of modern geodesy, on the occasion of the centenary of his death

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ihde, Johannes; Reinhold, Andreas

    2017-08-01

    Friedrich Robert Helmert died in Potsdam in 1917 at the age of 74 after serving for over 30 years as director of the Royal Prussian Geodetic Institute and of the Central Bureau of the Internationale Erdmessung, the forerunner of today's International Association of Geodesy. He dedicated his life and his scientific career to the field of geodesy. His teachings on theoretical and physical geodesy were incorporated into university curricula around the world and hence into international endeavours to measure planet Earth. The purpose of this article is to illustrate the impact he has had on the development of modern geodesy and on the related sciences.

  16. KARL RAHNER, UM INQUIETO TEÓLOGO ECUMÊNICO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario de França Miranda

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available O artigo apresenta, em grandes linhas, o pensamento ecumênico de Karl Rahner. No novo contexto aberto pelo Concílio Vaticano II, este teólogo defronta-se com as dificuldades de cunho sociocultural, doutrinário e institucional, que dividem as Igrejas cristãs. Enfatizando a centralidade da fé em Jesus Cristo, vivida com autenticidade, pleiteia uma única Igreja Católica, na qual estejam presentes, com sua rica diversidade, as demais Igrejas. Suas reflexões se revelam pertinentes para as Igrejas cristãs na América Latina. ABSTRACT: This article presents Karl Rahner’s ecumenical views. With the new context introduced by the Vatican Council II, Rahner faces the social-cultural, doctrinal and institutional difficulties dividing the Christian Churches. Rahner emphasizes the centrality of faith in Jesus Christ lived with authenticity, and proposes one Catholic Church in which the other Churches may be present with their rich diversity. His reflections are revealed as pertinent to the Christian Churches in Latin America

  17. Lax-Friedrichs sweeping scheme for static Hamilton-Jacobi equations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kao, C.Y.; Osher, Stanley; Qian Jianliang

    2004-01-01

    We propose a simple, fast sweeping method based on the Lax-Friedrichs monotone numerical Hamiltonian to approximate viscosity solutions of arbitrary static Hamilton-Jacobi equations in any number of spatial dimensions. By using the Lax-Friedrichs numerical Hamiltonian, we can easily obtain the solution at a specific grid point in terms of its neighbors, so that a Gauss-Seidel type nonlinear iterative method can be utilized. Furthermore, by incorporating a group-wise causality principle into the Gauss-Seidel iteration by following a finite group of characteristics, we have an easy-to-implement, sweeping-type, and fast convergent numerical method. However, unlike other methods based on the Godunov numerical Hamiltonian, some computational boundary conditions are needed in the implementation. We give a simple recipe which enforces a version of discrete min-max principle. Some convergence analysis is done for the one-dimensional eikonal equation. Extensive 2-D and 3-D numerical examples illustrate the efficiency and accuracy of the new approach. To our knowledge, this is the first fast numerical method based on discretizing the Hamilton-Jacobi equation directly without assuming convexity and/or homogeneity of the Hamiltonian

  18. Lax-Friedrichs sweeping scheme for static Hamilton-Jacobi equations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kao, Chiu Yen; Osher, Stanley; Qian, Jianliang

    2004-05-01

    We propose a simple, fast sweeping method based on the Lax-Friedrichs monotone numerical Hamiltonian to approximate viscosity solutions of arbitrary static Hamilton-Jacobi equations in any number of spatial dimensions. By using the Lax-Friedrichs numerical Hamiltonian, we can easily obtain the solution at a specific grid point in terms of its neighbors, so that a Gauss-Seidel type nonlinear iterative method can be utilized. Furthermore, by incorporating a group-wise causality principle into the Gauss-Seidel iteration by following a finite group of characteristics, we have an easy-to-implement, sweeping-type, and fast convergent numerical method. However, unlike other methods based on the Godunov numerical Hamiltonian, some computational boundary conditions are needed in the implementation. We give a simple recipe which enforces a version of discrete min-max principle. Some convergence analysis is done for the one-dimensional eikonal equation. Extensive 2-D and 3-D numerical examples illustrate the efficiency and accuracy of the new approach. To our knowledge, this is the first fast numerical method based on discretizing the Hamilton-Jacobi equation directly without assuming convexity and/or homogeneity of the Hamiltonian.

  19. ‘Antennas Have Long Since Invaded Our Brains’: Listening to the ‘Other Music’ in Friedrich Kittler

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kromhout, M.J.; van Maas, S.

    2015-01-01

    "In several articles, Friedrich Kittler addresses the question of music and sound in the age of media. Operating on the intersection between media, art, philology and philosophy, Kittler writes about an "other" music, which was already described by Nietzsche. This music is not concerned with

  20. Briefe aus dem Morgenland - Otto Friedrich von Richters Forschungsreise in den Jahren 1814-1816 / Vladimir Sazonov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sazonov, Vladimir, 1979-

    2013-01-01

    Arvustus: Briefe aus dem Morgenland - Otto Friedrich von Richters Forschungsreise in den Jahren 1814-1816, hrsg. von Indrek Jürjo, Sergei Stadnikov, Hamburger Beiträge zur Geschichte des östlichen Europa, Bd. 20. Hamburg: Verlag Dr. Kovač 2013, 313 lk.

  1. The self-presentation of the Halle medical professor Friedrich Hoffmann (1660-1742) mirrored by his autobiography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schweikardt, Christoph

    2002-12-01

    The lost autobiography of the famous Halle medical professor Friedrich Hoffmann (1660-1742) was recently located in the Manuscripta borussica collection of the Berlin State Library Manuscript Department (Handschriftenabteilung der Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin). The autobiography shows new details about his life and work as well as his strategy to shape the picture of his personality for posterity.

  2. Karl Heinrich Ulrichs: First Theorist of Erotic Age Orientation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Janssen, Diederik F

    2017-01-01

    The nomination of Karl Heinrich Ulrichs (1825-1895) as the first theorist of homosexuality may be placed in the oblique light of his eligibility for the nomination as the first theorist of erotic age orientation. In Ulrichs's pamphlets, "man-manly" homosexuality emerged as a particular age orientation, with a subsequent typological breakdown that, importantly, blended gender orientation and age orientation. Into the early 20th century, erotic age orientation remained bound up with the classification and emancipation of what here was demarcated as Urningsliebe. Ulrichs's pioneering and shifting comments on age eventually fed into his legal model of consenting adults in private. They also provide a starting point for the historical understanding of the trope of "grooming pedophile" as it, arguably, crossfaded with that of the "seducing homosexual" after the latter's depsychiatricization across the Western world.

  3. KARL GOOSS AND A TEMPLE OF JUPITER IN APULUM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Csaba Szabó

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Karl Gooss (1844-1881 was one of the few intellectuals of his time who witnessed personally the building of the railway and the ditch of Alba Iulia between 1865 and 1868. The construction was the biggest project of the city since the building of the Vauban fort and destroyed the most significant part of the Colonia Aurelia Apulensis, one of the biggest urban centers of the province. During these works, Gooss witnessed the discovery and destruction of the first Jupiter temple attested in Dacia, the biggest silver deposit ever found in Transylvania and the first coin hoard of Apulum. His German publication was ignored by the later historiography, although it is the first and only detailed account of the archaeological finds discovered in the Partoș in the end of August, 1867. His detailed account helps us to identify the context of some well known artifacts and to reconsider the topography of the Colonia Aurelia Apulensis.

  4. Karl Heinz Göller (1924-2009: in memoriam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janez Stanonik

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The study is written in memory of Karl Heinz Göller, Professor of English literature at the Regensburg University, who died in Kelheim near Regensburg on 22nd April 2009. University of Regenburg was founded in 1967, and Göller was the first Dean of its Faculty of Philosophy. For more than 40 years he worked for the development of good contacts betwen the universities of Regensburg and Ljubljana. Since 2000 he was member of the Advisory Committee of the review Acta Neophilologica. In 1983 he founded the Society of German Mediaevalists, one of the leading societies of German scholars from the whole Germany, and was elected its first president. The study gives report on the development of Göller as a scholar, and his basic achievement in his research, pedagogical work and in university administration.

  5. The origin of art according to Karl von den Steinen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pierre Déléage

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Based on a study of the custom, adopted by ethnologists in the early 20th century, of asking Amerindians of Lowland South America to do drawings in pencil in their notebooks, I explore three forgotten fragments of the history of thinking: the intense debates on the origin of ornaments, opposing an evolutionist and a materialist approach at the end of the 19th century; the theories on the origin of figuration, which I show date back to the important work of Karl von den Steinen regarding the populations of central Brazil; and the publications of ethnologists’ portraits drawn by Indians of the lowlands of South America, a little-known tradition of reverse anthropology serving as a counterpoint to the study of the reception of Amerindian art in Western ethnological literature.

  6. Descriptive psychopathology, phenomenology, and the legacy of Karl Jaspers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Häfner, Heinz

    2015-03-01

    With his early publications (1910-1913), Karl Jaspers created a comprehensive methodological arsenal for psychiatry, thus laying the foundation for descriptive psychopathology. Following Edmund Husserl, the founder of philosophical phenomenology, Jaspers introduced phenomenology into psychopathology as "static understanding," ie, the unprejudiced intuitive reproduction (Vergegenwärtigung) and description of conscious phenomena. In a longitudinal perspective, "genetic understanding" based on empathy reveals how mental phenomena arise from mental phenomena. Severance in understanding of, or alienation from, meaningful connections is seen as indicating illness or transition of a natural development into a somatic process. Jaspers opted for philosophy early. After three terms of law, he switched to studying medicine, came to psychopathology after very little training in psychiatry; to psychology without ever studying psychology; and to a chair in philosophy without ever studying philosophy. In the fourth and subsequent editions of his General Psychopathology, imbued by his existential philosophy, Jaspers partly abandoned the descriptive method.

  7. Psychoanalysis, science and the seductive theory of Karl Popper.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grant, Don C; Harari, Edwin

    2005-06-01

    To present a critique of the ideas of Karl Popper, the philosopher of science, whose depiction of psychoanalysis as a pseudoscience is often used to justify attacks on psychoanalysis. Published sources are used to provide a brief intellectual biography of Popper, a summary of his concept of science and a summary of criticisms of Popper's view of science. His depiction of psychoanalysis and Freud's reply are presented. Clinical, experimental and neurobiological research which refutes Popper's view is summarized. There is a vast scholarly published work critical of Popper's falsifiability criterion of science. Less recognized is Popper's misunderstanding and misrepresentation of psychoanalysis; his argument against it is logically flawed and empirically false. Even if Popper's theory of science is accepted, there is considerable clinical, experimental and neurobiological research in psychoanalysis which meets Popper's criterion of science. Attacks on psychoanalysis based on Popper's theory of science are ill-founded and reflect inadequate scholarship.

  8. Karl Popper: antes y después de Kyoto

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zanotti, Gabriel

    1999-06-01

    Full Text Available Not available.En su último libro sobre Karl Popper, Mariano Artigas plantea una hermenéutica revolucionaria: muestra que la ética de Popper es el fundamento de su epistemología, y que el fundamento de esa ética está lejos del «conjeturalismo» que suele atribuirse a Popper. Artigas analiza qué significa en Popper la «fe irracional en la razón» y utiliza, como fuente inédita, el dramático relato que hace Popper de su relación con W. W. Bartley, por primera vez, en Kyoto, en 1992. Sea cual fuere la opinión del lector, el libro de Artigas divide la hermenéutica de Popper en un antes y un después.

  9. Sir Karl Popper and his philosophy of physics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jammer, Max

    1991-12-01

    The eminent mathematical physicist Sir Hermann Bondi once said: “There is no more to science than its method, and there is no more to its method than Popper has said.” Indeed, many regard Sir Karl Raimund Popper the greatest philosopher of science in our generation. Much of what Popper “has said” refers to physics, but physicists, generally speaking, have little knowledge of what he has said. True, Popper's philosophy of science and, in particular, his realistic interpretation of quantum mechanics deviates considerably from the generally accepted doctrine. But as Popper, rightly I think, points out, it is precisely the proliferation of divergent theories which promotes the growth of scientific knowledge; it would be a danger for physics if physicists were dogmatically tied to a single theory or would not test their theory against alternatives. It is for this purpose that, on the occasion of the nonagenarian celebration of Popper's birthday, the present essay has been written.

  10. Karl Marx e a Revolução Russa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angelo Segrillo

    Full Text Available Resumo O artigo analisa a visão de Karl Marx sobre a possibilidade de ocorrência da revolução na Rússia. Inicialmente concentrando suas esperanças nos países da Europa Ocidental, onde o capitalismo estava mais desenvolvido, com o fracasso das revoluções de 1948 e da Comuna de Paris, Marx se volta para as possibilidades de revolução a partir do Leste, da Rússia, até ali considerada o bastião da reação. Suas ideias são expostas em correspondência com os próprios revolucionários russos. Essa trajetória intelectual de Marx é descrita a partir de seus próprios escritos.

  11. Wie is die sondaar? Die beskouing van Karl Barth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. J. van Zyl

    1994-01-01

    Full Text Available Who is the sinner? The view of Karl Barth The previous article dealt with Barth’s view of the knowledge and real essence of sin, while this one focus on his view of the human being as sinner. In accordance with his christological approach to all theological matters, Barth presents us with a description of the image and character of the sinner as mirrored by the obedient suffering and death of Jesus Christ on the cross in the place of all sinners of all times - past, present and future. The price that God paid in surrendering his only Son to such suffering, indicates the enormous guilt and baseness of every sinner. Every human being is utterly insolvent and can only be delivered from sin through God’s graceful remission of siru

  12. O marxismo antidogmático de Karl Korsch

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    Nildo Viana

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo tematiza o marxismo de Karl Korsch, focalizando seu caráter não dogmático. A partir de um resgate do caráter crítico e revolucionário do marxismo de Marx, Korsch realiza uma crítica radical ao revisionismo e leninismo. Para tal, ele não só resgata o verdadeiro caráter da dialética marxista e da concepção materialista da história, como exige a coerência dessa concepção ao defender o princípio de aplicação dela a si mesma. Assim ele lança as bases de um marxismo não dogmático, para o qual é o vínculo com o proletariado que mostra o caráter do marxismo e não ideologias petrificadas. Abstract: This article thematizes Marxism of Karl Korsch, focusing on its non dogmatic. From a rescue of criticality and revolutionary Marxism of Marx, Korsch performs a radical critique of revisionism and Leninism. To do so, he not only rescues the true character of Marxist dialectics and materialist conception of history, as this concept requires consistency in defending the principle of applying it to herself. So he lays the foundations of a non-dogmatic Marxism, to which is the bond with the proletariat that shows the character of Marxism and not petrified ideologies. Key words: Marxism, dogmatism, criticism, historical materialism, dialectical.

  13. An Assesment on the Three Worlds Theories of Karl Popper and Jürgen Habermas

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    Vildan İyigüngör

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available In this study, it is aimed to outline “three world theories” of Karl Popper and Jürgen Habermas comparatively. In this context, it is also aimed to assess Habermas’ critics as “positivist” to Karl Popper who is an opponent to positivism inside it and his abstraction on the “three world theory” under the influence of Karl Popper. The differences between their opinions stem from their main arguments about the methodology of natural and social sciences.

  14. Friedrich Schlegels early Romantic notion of religion in relation to two presuppositions of the Enlightenment

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    Asko Nivala

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available German early Romanticism was an intellectual movement that originated in the era between the great French Revolution of 1789 and the beginning of the Napoleonic Wars in 1803. Usually, it is defined in contrast to the Enlightenment. The Enlightenment is presented as the age of reason, criticism and scientific naturalism, while the Romantics are portrayed as its reactionary enemies. According to a still customary prejudice, Romanticism was the age of exaggerated emotions, authoritarian dogmatism and mystical superstition. However, our notion of the Enlightenment has undergone changes in recent decades. Because the traditional antagonism between Aufklärung and Frühromantik has become questionable, the Romantic revival of religion needs reconsideration. In this paper, Nivala proposes an argument why the Romantics did not fall into reactionary irrationalism. His discussion focuses on one person, Friedrich Schlegel (1772–1829. Nivala presents how two vital presuppositions of the Enlightenment, naturalism and criticism, were reinterpreted by Schlegel as pantheism and mysticism.

  15. The adventurous life of Friedrich Georg Houtermans, physicist (1903-1966)

    CERN Document Server

    Braccini, Saverio; Ereditato, Antonio; Scampoli, Paola

    2012-01-01

    The physicist Friedrich Houtermans (1903-1966) was an essential promoter and proponent of the development of physics in Berne. He introduced a number of activities in the field of elementary particles, with a special focus on the physics of cosmic rays, and important contributions in applied physics. This biography of Houtermans was written by Edoardo Amaldi and was almost finished just before his unexpected death in 1989. The editors have only corrected typographical errors and have introduced only minimal text changes in order to preserve the original content. Additionally they have collected and included unpublished pictures and memories from Houtermans’ students and collaborators. The text is the result of a thorough and intensive study on Houtermans’ life and character carried out by Edoardo Amaldi. It is more than a biography, since the figure of Houtermans is set in a historical perspective of Europe between the two world wars. This book will be of great interest to historians and historians of sci...

  16. Singular Spectrum Near a Singular Point of Friedrichs Model Operators of Absolute Type

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Iakovlev, Serguei I.

    2006-01-01

    In L 2 (R) we consider a family of self adjoint operators of the Friedrichs model: A m =|t| m +V. Here |t| m is the operator of multiplication by the corresponding function of the independent variable t element of R, and (perturbation) is a trace-class integral operator with a continuous Hermitian kernel ν(t,x) satisfying some smoothness condition. These absolute type operators have one singular point of order m>0. Conditions on the kernel ν(t,x) are found guaranteeing the absence of the point spectrum and the singular continuous one of such operators near the origin. These conditions are actually necessary and sufficient. They depend on the finiteness of the rank of a perturbation operator and on the order of singularity. The sharpness of these conditions is confirmed by counterexamples

  17. Staatschuld, Verfassung und Revolutionsprävention: Friedrich Buchholz und der Beginn der Sozialwissenschaft

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Axel Rüdiger

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available From within the environment of the Prussian reforms at the beginning of the 19th century, FriedrichBuchholz developed the social-scientific concept of Zukunftspolitik, which deals with the constitutionalsafeguard of public credit and the prevention of destructive revolution through targetedpolitical reforms. In contrast to political romanticism (Adam Müller and others, Buchholz orientshimself not toward the English system of representation, but toward the French model, to combinerevolutionary popular sovereignty with representative government. Using the example of Englishpublic debt in the 18th century, he develops the political dialectic of materialist necessity and arbitrarycontingency. Whereas sovereignty without representation in the maintenance of public creditinevitably leads to Jacobin Terror, parliamentarian representation without sovereignty leads to, inthe English model, a general state of war. Europe’s future, according to Buchholz, thus depends onthe reform of English Parliamentarianism.

  18. [Recurrent depressive disorder in Caspar David Friedrich. A pathographical approach with operationalized diagnosis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spitzer, C; Dahlenburg, B; Freyberger, H J

    2006-07-01

    Caspar David Friedrich (1774 - 1840) is one of the most important German Romantic painters. In his paintings, he prototypically represents the melancholy, which has been mentioned by his contemporaries and later biographers. Art scientists have also referred to his melancholy for the interpretation of his work. From a medical point of view, there are only two pathographies which remain inconclusive. Having applied diagnostic criteria for psychiatric disorders to his letters and publications, to statements of his contemporaries and to his art, we propose that he had suffered from a recurrent major depression which occurred in 1799 for the first time. At least three depressive episodes followed before he was struck by a stroke in 1835. There are epidemiological, psychodynamic and personality-typological reasons supporting our diagnostic assumption. The course of his depression corresponds to phases of reduced creativity, to the chosen techniques and motives. Finally we discuss the implications of our approach for the pathographical method in general.

  19. Alles Leben ist Problemlösen: Zum 100. Geburtstag von Karl Raimund Popper

    OpenAIRE

    Kirchgässner, Gebhard

    2002-01-01

    Karl Popper wäre im Juli 2002 hundert Jahre alt geworden. Prof. Dr. Gebhard Kirchgässner würdigt den politischen Philosophen, der als bedeutendster Wissenschaftstheoretiker des 20. Jahrhunderts gilt.

  20. Millisele õpetajale kingiksite imerohu? / Karl Martin Sinijärv, Vahur Keller, Kaarel Tarand ... [jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2010-01-01

    Küsimusele vastavad: Eesti kirjanike liidu esimees Karl Martin Sinijärv, nuku- ja noorsooteatri lavastaja Vahur Keller, Sirbi peatoimetaja Kaarel Tarand, kirjanik Andrus Kivirähk, ajakirjanik Juhani Püttsepp

  1. Karl Marx and the Study of Media and Culture Today

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    Christian Fuchs

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available The task of this paper discusses the role of Marx in analysing media, communica-tion and culture today. An analysis of three contemporary Cultural Studies works – Lawrence Grossberg’s monograph Cultural Studies in the Future Tense, John Hartley’s monograph Digital Futures for Cultural and Media Studies and Paul Smith’s edited volume The Renewal of Cultural Studies – shows that there is an agreement that the economy needs to be taken more into account by Cultural Studies, but disagreement on which approach should be taken and what the role of Karl Marx’s works shall be. The paper argues that Marx’s labour theory of value is especially important for critically analysing the media, culture and communica-tion. Labour is still a blind spot of the study of culture and the media, although this situation is slowly improving. It is maintained that the turn away from Marx in Cultural and Media Studies was a profound mistake that should be reverted. Only an engagement with Marx can make Cultural and Media Studies topical, politically relevant, practical and critical, in the current times of global crisis and resurgent critique.

  2. Testing the null hypothesis: the forgotten legacy of Karl Popper?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilkinson, Mick

    2013-01-01

    Testing of the null hypothesis is a fundamental aspect of the scientific method and has its basis in the falsification theory of Karl Popper. Null hypothesis testing makes use of deductive reasoning to ensure that the truth of conclusions is irrefutable. In contrast, attempting to demonstrate the new facts on the basis of testing the experimental or research hypothesis makes use of inductive reasoning and is prone to the problem of the Uniformity of Nature assumption described by David Hume in the eighteenth century. Despite this issue and the well documented solution provided by Popper's falsification theory, the majority of publications are still written such that they suggest the research hypothesis is being tested. This is contrary to accepted scientific convention and possibly highlights a poor understanding of the application of conventional significance-based data analysis approaches. Our work should remain driven by conjecture and attempted falsification such that it is always the null hypothesis that is tested. The write up of our studies should make it clear that we are indeed testing the null hypothesis and conforming to the established and accepted philosophical conventions of the scientific method.

  3. Karl Pearson and eugenics: personal opinions and scientific rigor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delzell, Darcie A P; Poliak, Cathy D

    2013-09-01

    The influence of personal opinions and biases on scientific conclusions is a threat to the advancement of knowledge. Expertise and experience does not render one immune to this temptation. In this work, one of the founding fathers of statistics, Karl Pearson, is used as an illustration of how even the most talented among us can produce misleading results when inferences are made without caution or reference to potential bias and other analysis limitations. A study performed by Pearson on British Jewish schoolchildren is examined in light of ethical and professional statistical practice. The methodology used and inferences made by Pearson and his coauthor are sometimes questionable and offer insight into how Pearson's support of eugenics and his own British nationalism could have potentially influenced his often careless and far-fetched inferences. A short background into Pearson's work and beliefs is provided, along with an in-depth examination of the authors' overall experimental design and statistical practices. In addition, portions of the study regarding intelligence and tuberculosis are discussed in more detail, along with historical reactions to their work.

  4. Karl Popper's Conception of Metaphysics and its Problems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cláudia Ribeiro

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1808-1711.2014v18n2p209 In this paper I intend to thoroughly analyse Karl Popper’s relation to metaphysics. I start with his first writings, where he states the differences between science, pseudoscience and metaphysics. I then describe how his thoughts on the subject evolved to culminate in his reflection on metaphysical research programmes and the need for a revival of natural philosophy. A major concern is Popper’s famous testability criterion to set apart science from non-science. I point at the problems of the conception of metaphysics as non-testable theories (which are similar to the problems of the conception of metaphysics as theories involving unobservables and, in order to avoid these problems, I propose to retain nothing but the traditional conception of metaphysics as the general theories about the nature of the world. This leads me to the conclusion that science is not only an empirical task but also, and in a very important sense, a speculative one.

  5. Falsifications and corroborations: Karl Popper's influence on systematics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Helfenbein, Kevin G; DeSalle, Rob

    2005-04-01

    Over the last three decades, the philosophy of Karl Raimund Popper has had a strong influence on the field of systematic biology. Unequivocally, no other philosopher's work has had such an influence during this formative period in systematics. Much, but not all, of the early discourse on Popper and systematics dealt with the philosophical basis of systematics as a science. More recently Popper's work has been discussed in the systematics literature in relation to specific methodologies such as parsimony and maximum likelihood. In this paper, we provide the reader with a concise summary of Popper's ideas relevant to systematics, review the systematic literature invoking or declining Popper's importance to the field, and make a recommendation for the future course of philosophical thinking in systematics. We try to make clear various authors' interpretations of Popper's work and how those interpretations have impacted systematic thought. Although the reader may come away from this review with a clearer idea of Popper's relevance or lack thereof, our primary hope is that the reader will be compelled to question him- or herself about the philosophical basis of the systematic work that he or she does, and to delve into the literature herein cited. We begin by presenting a synopsis of Popper's philosophical views to allow those views to be placed in the context of systematics.

  6. Transferências e apropriações de saberes: Friedrich Bieri e a matemática para o ensino primário - Knowledge transferences and appropriations: Friedrich Bieri and the mathematic to the primary school

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Circe Mary Silva da Silva, Brasil

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available A partir da análise da obra de Friedrich Bieri (1844-1924, um suíço que emigrou para o Brasil no século 19, identificamos apropriações de saberes produzidos em países de língua alemã no ensino brasileiro. A investigação traz um perfil deste personagem, assim como relata o processo de transferência de conhecimentos ocorrido e seu papel no contexto da província do Rio Grande do Sul. A análise da obra de Bieri permitiu concluir que o autor, além de ter sido um dos pioneiros na produção de livros didáticos para escolas teuto-brasileiras, adotou uma proposta pedagógica germânica adaptada ao contexto local e influenciada pelo método de Grube e da reformulação deste por Egger. Palavras-chave: Friedrich Bieri, livro didático, Egger, Grube, Rechenbuch. KNOWLEDGE TRANSFERENCES AND APPROPRIATIONS: FRIEDRICH BIERI AND THE MATHEMATIC TO THE PRIMARY SCHOOLAbstractStarting from the analyses of Friedrich Bieri (1844-1924 work, a Swiss who immigrated to Brazil in the 19th century, we identified knowledge appropriation produced in German speaking countries in the Brazilian teaching. This study brings up Bieri’s profile as well as reports the knowledge transference process occurred and its role in the country of Rio Grande do Sul. Bieri’s work analyses allowed concluding that the author, besides being one of the precursors of didactics books for Teutonic schools production, also adopted a German pedagogical proposal adapted to the local context and influenced by Grube’s method and its reformulation by Egger.Key-words: Friedrich Bieri, didactic book, arithmetic, Jakob Egger.    TRANSFERENCIAS Y APROPIACIÓN DEL CONOCIMIENTO: FRIEDRICH BIERI Y LAS MATEMÁTICAS EN LA EDUCACIÓN PRIMARIAResumenA partir del análisis de la obra de Friedrich Bieri (1844-1924, un suizo emigrado a Brasil en el siglo 19, nos ha sido posible identificar algunas apropiaciones de saberes producidos en países germanófonos y posteriormente introducidos en la

  7. [Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker's language, rhetoric and habitus].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hentschel, Klaus

    2014-01-01

    Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker was not only an exceptional physicist, philosopher and peace scholar, but also a skilled and articulate speaker and a highly successful author. Dozens of his books were published in tens of thousands of copies despite their highly nontrivial content. This wide impact was only possible--this at least is one of the claims made in this paper--because of his sophisticated style and rhetorics. The analysis here is based on hand-picked samples from all kinds of Weizsäcker texts (talks, scientific and popular papers and books, poems and Limericks). Strangely enough, this interesting stylistic and rhetorical facet of his oeuvre has hitherto not been analyzed in any detail despite its crucial importance in the broad impact on his multifarious audience. My paper starts out from a collection of striking features of his language and structural specialties in his published talks and speeches, and explore findings from sound recordings and film tapes which offer further insight into his manner of emphasis, usage of pauses and intonation. On the basis of these stylistic traits and their often subcutaneous, but nevertheless clever rhetorics, I close with a few remarks on the habitus of this scholar and his positioning within the ensemble of German-speaking physicists of that generation.

  8. Building a National Heritage Registry for the Sudan: the Friedrich W. Hinkel Archive Digitization Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawrenz, S.

    2017-08-01

    The Republic of the Sudan is home to outstanding and diverse cultural heritage ranging from Neolithic sites of human activity and settlement to historic sites of the 19th and 20th century. While certain phases of the Sudan's cultural heritage such as the period of Egyptian influence during the second and first millennium B.C. have been the focus of archaeological research since the 19th century, other aspects of the country's rich history have remained largely unknown locally and internationally due to a lack of documentation and registration of such sites. Since 2014, the German Archaeological Institute (DAI) has been engaged in an effort to support the creation of a national heritage registry in close cooperation with the National Corporation for Antiquities and Museums (NCAM) by digitizing the archive of German architect Friedrich W. Hinkel and engaging in capacity building measures focusing on analog and digital data curation. The archive contains structured information (photos, drawings, maps and assembled written documentation) regarding over 14,000 archaeological and historical sites in the Sudan using an alphanumeric coding system that allows for easy integration of data in a digital environment such as the DAI's IT infrastructure, the iDAI.world. As such the data assembled by Hinkel will serve as the basis of the national heritage registry currently in development.

  9. Genesis idea of the superman in european philosophy: concept Friedrich Nietzsche

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Y. Somov

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The article is dedicated to the concept of Nietzsche superman in the context of development of the idea of European philosophy superman. Based on a study of scientific literature it was proved that Nietzsche was the first in European philosophy who has attempted to move away from its classical forms, creating a special type of superman, the values of which were creative, spiritual self, the victory over himself and the will to develop and adopt values, that multiply the power of life. It can be stated that superman Friedrich Nietzsche – a man who does not exist yet, and when it appears – is unknown. Initial characterization of superman Nietzsche is the power and the will who oppose «reasonableness» that seeks to bring originality to all acts of consciousness and identity. In superman should be personal development, their personal view of the world and its way. The main feature of the superman must be spiritual creativity, the total concentration of the will to power, that is able to completely control the superman himself: to know precisely aspiration, desire and how he organizes his way to the goal.

  10. Friedrich Albert Lange on neo-Kantianism, socialist Darwinism, and a psychology without a soul.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teo, Thomas

    2002-01-01

    Friedrich Albert Lange was a German philosopher, political theorist, educator, and psychologist who outlined an objective psychology in the 1860s. This article shows how some of the most important worldviews of the nineteenth century (Kantianism, Marxism, and Darwinism) were combined creatively in his thought system. He was crucial in the development of neo-Kantianism and incorporated psycho-physiological research on sensation and perception in order to defend Kant's epistemological idealism. Based on a critique of phrenology and philosophical psychology of his time, Lange developed a program of a psychology without a soul. He suggested that only those phenomena that can be observed and controlled should be studied, that psychology should focus on actions and speech, and that for each psychological event the corresponding physical or physiological processes should be identified. Lange opposed introspection and subjective accounts and promoted experiments and statistics. He also promoted Darwinism for psychology while developing a socialist progressive-democratic reading of Darwin in his social theory. The implications of socialist Darwinism on Lange's conceptualization of race are discussed and his prominence in nineteenth century philosophy and psychology is summarized. Copyright 2002 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  11. Fruits without labour: the implications of Friedrich Nietzsche's ideas for the caring professions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nolan, P W; Brown, B; Crawford, P

    1998-08-01

    Seldom is the work of philosophers invoked by health professionals when examining aspects of care from a philosophical perspective. Instead, students of health care, especially nurses, have been introduced to 'philosophies' which are often superficially examined and poorly understood. This practice fails to develop in students an appreciation of the work of philosophers or to acquire the art of critical thinking. The introduction of models and theories of nursing in the past three decades has alerted nurses to the importance of possessing critical skills in order to identify sound theory and implement good practice. This paper goes beyond mere philosophising and examines aspects of mental health care from the perspectives of one of nineteenth century Europe's most notable philosophers, Friedrich Nietzsche. It argues that understanding his work can enhance one's ability to reflect on nursing practice, as well as bringing a new dimension to how we analyse 'mental health' problems. His work provides many insights into how we can improve our understanding of the effect of mental illness and mental health care on the individual, and how we conceptualise the process of care. This paper provides an overview of his life's work, his impact on the history of ideas and develops some of the more provocative implications of his work for mental health care.

  12. Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker major texts in physics

    CERN Document Server

    2014-01-01

    This book presents a collection of texts by the German physicist and philosopher Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker (1912-2007), for use in seminars on the history, epistemology and structure of physics. Most texts appear in English for the first time. Weizsäcker became famous through his works in physics, mainly in the early development of nuclear physics. Later he would also become well known as a philosopher and analyst of contemporary culture. Texts include the original publications of the “Weizsäcker-Bethe formula” of nuclear masses and the “Bethe-Weizsäcker cycle,” which explains the source of energy in the sun; both were developed by Bethe at the same time and independently of Weizsäcker. Further texts deal with Weizsäcker’s explanation of the origin of planets, his explanation of the “time arrow” in Statistical Mechanics and his analyses of Quantum Mechanics and the structure of physics in general.

  13. Comprehending isospin breaking effects of X (3872 ) in a Friedrichs-model-like scheme

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Zhi-Yong; Xiao, Zhiguang

    2018-02-01

    Recently, we have shown that the X (3872 ) state can be naturally generated as a bound state by incorporating the hadron interactions into the Godfrey-Isgur quark model using a Friedrichs-like model combined with the quark pair creation model, in which the wave function for the X (3872 ) as a combination of the bare c c ¯ state and the continuum states can also be obtained. Under this scheme, we now investigate the isospin-breaking effect of X (3872 ) in its decays to J /ψ π+π- and J /ψ π+π-π0. By coupling its dominant continuum parts to J /ψ ρ and J /ψ ω through the quark rearrangement process, one could obtain the reasonable ratio of B (X (3872 )→J /ψ π+π-π0)/B (X (3872 )→J /ψ π+π-)≃ (0.58 - 0.92 ) . It is also shown that the D ¯D* invariant mass distributions in the B →D ¯D*K decays could be understood qualitatively at the same time. This scheme may provide more insight into the enigmatic nature of the X (3872 ) state.

  14. “World domination or ruin”. Friedrich von Bernhardi and German militarism before World War I

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mihael Antolović

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The paper analyzes the role of militarism in the political life of Germany before WWI. By pointing out the roe of militarism in the political life of Germany at the start of the 20th century, the paper puts an emphasis on the writing of Friedrich von Bernhardi titled Germany and the next war, published in 1912. Bernhardi sought to prove the inevitability of “preemptive war” and territorial annexations in order to provide for the economic and political interests of Germany as a global force. Bernhardi legitimized his opinion by calling on social-Darwinist arguments as well as the tradition of German idealist philosophy, and claiming that war is the only means by which it is possible to sustain German culture as the highest form of “German spirit” and its most valuable contribution to humanity. Considering the high rank which Bernhardi held as a general in the German military, as well as how his attitudes fell in with German foreign policy of the period, Bernhardi’s writing represents, in a condensed fashion, an expression of militaristic ideas present in German society before WWI.

  15. Enforcing the Courant-Friedrichs-Lewy condition in explicitly conservative local time stepping schemes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gnedin, Nickolay Y.; Semenov, Vadim A.; Kravtsov, Andrey V.

    2018-04-01

    An optimally efficient explicit numerical scheme for solving fluid dynamics equations, or any other parabolic or hyperbolic system of partial differential equations, should allow local regions to advance in time with their own, locally constrained time steps. However, such a scheme can result in violation of the Courant-Friedrichs-Lewy (CFL) condition, which is manifestly non-local. Although the violations can be considered to be "weak" in a certain sense and the corresponding numerical solution may be stable, such calculation does not guarantee the correct propagation speed for arbitrary waves. We use an experimental fluid dynamics code that allows cubic "patches" of grid cells to step with independent, locally constrained time steps to demonstrate how the CFL condition can be enforced by imposing a constraint on the time steps of neighboring patches. We perform several numerical tests that illustrate errors introduced in the numerical solutions by weak CFL condition violations and show how strict enforcement of the CFL condition eliminates these errors. In all our tests the strict enforcement of the CFL condition does not impose a significant performance penalty.

  16. Principles of methodology guiding the study of religion as found in the work of Friedrich Heiler

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatiana Samarina

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The issue of methodology in the study of religious phenomena appears as problematic to those Russian experts who deal with the scientific study of religious phenomena. On the other hand, western European researchers have already made much positive progress in this direction. This article attempts to define the principles which guide the scholar in the study of religion as found in the work of the renowned German scholar Friedrich Heiler. The author’s starting point is Heiler’s fundamental concept which permeates all his work and is most clearly defined in his last monograph: «Erscheinungsformen und Wesen der Religion». Heiler gives several pointers to students of religion: attention to detail, a fi rm grounding in the core matter of the object to be studies, and at the same time a comprehensive and panoramic view of religion and religious phenomena as a whole. The author concludes that Heiler’s protracted study of both Christianity and the Eastern religions led him to regard the phenomenological method as the most eff ective. The author presupposes a negative reception of this method by Russian students of religious phenomena due to the fact that the latter are too unfamiliar with Heiler’s work and conclusions

  17. A analítica kantiana do sublime em Friedrich Schiller

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Artur Bispo dos Santos Neto

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available O nosso texto tem como propósito apontar a articulação existente entre a estética kantiana, expressa na sua obra basilar Crítica da faculdade do juízo, e a reflexão estética constituída por Friedrich Schiller mediante a sua noção de sublime. Embora Schiller se inscreva sob o signo da influência da terceira Crítica, vamos mostrar na tessitura deste texto como consegue libertar-se da influência kantiana, ao recusar a centralidade do juízo de gosto na definição do belo e afirmar a beleza (puchritudo como liberdade no fenômeno. Schiller não se limita à investigação do sublime no âmbito da beleza livre (natureza, mas investiga-a especialmente no campo da beleza aderente. Embora o próprio Kant tenha atribuído ao gosto o significado de uma transição do prazer dos sentidos à disposição moral, será Schiller quem radicalizará o propósito de uma educação moral do homem pela mediação do sublime e do patético na arte.

  18. Model building with wind and water: Friedrich Ahlborn's photo-optical flow analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hinterwaldner, Inge

    2015-02-01

    Around 1900, several experimenters investigated turbulences in wind tunnels or water basins by creating visualizations. One of them, the German zoologist Friedrich Ahlborn (1858-1937), was familiar with the works by his contemporaries but he struck a new path. He combined three different kinds of photographs taken at the same time and showed the same situation in his water trough-but each in a different way. With this first basic operation, Ahlborn heuristically opened up a previously non-existent space for experimentation, analysis, and recombination. He generated an astonishing diversity of information by adopting the tactics of 'inversions' in which he interpreted one part of the experimental setup, or its results, in different ways. Between the variants of the 'autographs' which he developed, he defined areas of intersection to be able to translate results from individual records into each other. To this end, Ahlborn created other sets of visual artifacts such as drawn diagrams, three-dimensional wire frame constructions, and clay reliefs. His working method can be described as a cascading array of successive modeling steps, as elaborated by Eric Winsberg (1999), or of inscriptions in Bruno Latour's words (Latour, 1986). By examining Ahlborn's procedures closely we propose conceptualizations for the experimenter's various operations. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  19. Berliner Geowissenschaftlerinnen an der Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität von 1906 bis 1945, eine Fallstudie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. A. R. Mohr

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available In dieser Untersuchung werden beispielhaft die Lebenswege und Karrieren von Berliner Geowissenschaftlerinnen im Zeitraum von 1906 bis 1945 nachgezeichnet und analysiert. Ähnlich wie an anderen deutschen bzw. westlichen Universitäten, aber im Gegensatz zu Russland, begann die Tätigkeit von Frauen in den Geowissenschaften spät, und das Fach wurde auch relativ selten gewählt, hauptsächlich wegen der zu geringen Berufschancen. Aber die besondere Situation in Berlin mit mehreren sich ergänzenden Institutionen und dem daraus resultierenden breiten Spektrum an geowissenschaftlichen Disziplinen, sowie ausgezeichneten Professoren, ließ dennoch Raum für eine Ausbildung in diesem Bereich und erlaubte, wenn auch in bescheidenem Maße, eine gewisse Karrieremöglichkeit. Während der hier untersuchten 40 Jahre haben weniger als 20 Frauen in den Geowissenschaften und benachbarten Gebieten promoviert. Mehrere dieser Frauen blieben in dem von ihnen gewählten Fach weiterhin aktiv und wurden erfolgreich. Zwei Frauen gelang eine akademische Karriere — eine als Universitätsprofessorin, die auch Schülerinnen hatte. Andere arbeiteten an staatlichen Institutionen, wie z. B. dem Geologischen Landesamt. Wenige Frauen blieben nach ihrer Verheiratung beruflich aktiv, wenn auch nicht offiziell angestellt, sondern als Ehefrauen. Andere arbeiteten als "Ersatz" für die im Kriege stehenden Männer. Einige waren aus persönlichen und politischen Gründen, insbesondere während der NS-Zeit, gezwungen, die Geowissenschaften zu verlassen, konnten aber teilweise auf anderen Gebieten erfolgreich arbeiten. This paper documents the lives and careers of women geoscientists at the Berlin Friedrich-Wilhelms-University from 1906 through 1945. Traditionally, in Germany, women had difficulties to be accepted in geosciences (except for geography/geology teachers, because of strong links between geology and mining, a field dominated clearly by men. In western European countries

  20. Alexander von Humboldt und Carl Friedrich Gauß als Wegbereiter der neuen Disziplin Erdmagnetismus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karin Reich

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available AbstractThough Alexander von Humboldt was motivated for the first time to deal with earthmagnetism during his stay in Freiberg, it was in France that he really became a specialist in this respect. During most of his journeys he made earthmagnetic measurements. His collaboration with Arago was of great importance, it was in Paris that the first magnetic observatory was built. Humboldt rendered outstanding services to the investigation of earth magnetism by two major achievements: 1. He emphasized intensity measurements and 2. he put forward the law that the magnetic intensity is increasing from the magnetic equator toward the magnetic poles. At least since 1803 Carl Friedrich Gauss was interested in earthmagnetism and especially in Humboldt’s early published data. That Wilhelm Weber became professor of physics at the University of Göttingen in 1831 was a turning point for Gauss. In 1833 Göttingen was the centre of investigating earthmagnetism, a new era began which lasted only until 1843. Gauss’ main contributions were more or less theoretical, in 1832/3 he transformed Humboldt’s relative intensity measurements into absolute ones which were independent of the instrument’s needle. A new epoch began with Gauss’ publication „Allgemeine Theorie des Erdmagnetismus” (1839. The main point was the newly defined notion of „potential“. Gauss was the first to present the surface of the earth with equipotential lines. ZusammenfassungAlexander von Humboldt hatte sich bereits in Freiberg mit dem Erdmagnetismus beschäftigt; jedoch erst in Frankreich lernte er die entsprechenden Beobachtungsmethoden kennen. Auf allen seinen Reisen machte er erdmagnetische Messungen. Seine Zusammenarbeit mit Arago in Paris war besonders fruchtbar, hier wurde das erste magnetische Observatorium gebaut. Humboldt beschäftigte sich vor allem mit Intensitätsmessungen; sein wichtigster Beitrag war die Feststellung, dass die magnetische Intensität vom

  1. [Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker: nuclear disarmament and the search for freedom].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neuneck, Götz

    2014-01-01

    Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker's comprehensive contributions to nuclear disarmament and arms control, as well as his peace policy impulses are to be understood primarily in the context of his family origin, his comprehensive thinking and the historical circumstances of the emerging nuclear age. They have a scientific, political and a strong philosophical-moral component. Beside the factual problems (nuclear energy, military strategy) he was interested in political power issues and their ambivalence and perception. His actual work is not only based on general academic knowledge, but also serve the immediate political influence on a scientific basis. Weizsäcker was not committed to nuclear disarmament or arms control per se, but about creating a lasting peace policy in the nuclear age. The paper discusses in chronological order of Weizsäcker's work within the policy field peace and disarmament. Family origin, study and work on the nuclear programme by Nazi-Germany laid the foundations for his later career. As a young physicist, he was directly involved in the political and ethical dilemma of the military and civilian use of nuclear energy. After the war, in Göttingen and Hamburg the reflections of the Nazi phase and the discussion of ways out of the dangers of the Cold War followed. The Max-Planck Institute in Starnberg dealt with the science-based treatment of global world problems, including the dangers of nuclear proliferation. Finally, Weizsäcker initiated a Peace Council in 1985. He urged both the perception of the moral responsibility of scientists as well as an ethics of the scientific-technological age. According to him, a general and profound change in the consciousness of humankind is needed to solve the existing power problems and the problem of war.

  2. [The Great European Georg Friedrich Nicolai: physician and pacifist. Berlin, Germany, 1874 - Santiago, Chile, 1964].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cabello C, Felipe

    2013-04-01

    Georg Friedrich Nicolai (1874-1964) was a German physician and physiologist whose pacifism during the First World War led him in 1914 to cosign with W. J. Foerster, A. Einstein and O. Bueck a "Manifesto to the Europeans" against the entry of Germany into the war and the invasion of Belgium. As a result of this appeal and his strong pacifism, Nicolai lost his positions as cardiologist to the German royal family, professor at the University of Berlin and chief of laboratory at the Charite hospital also in Berlin, and was sent as a garrison physician in Graundenz, in today's Poland. There he began to write his book, The Biology of War. It managed to avoid censorship and was published in Leipzig in 1916. He was court-martialed in Danzig in 1916 but escaped to Denmark. Nicolai was reinstated to his faculty positions by the Weimar Republic after the war but was subsequently forced to emigrate from Germany to South America by the pressure of right wing student groups who accused him of being a deserter and a traitor. From 1922 to 1932 Nicolai lived in Argentina, and from 1932 until his death in 1964, in Chile. In this later country Nicolai was professor in the University of Chile and interacted with members of the Chilean intelligentsia, including the poets Vicente Huidobro, Gonzalo Rojas and Pablo Neruda. Through his friendship with Chilean psychiatrist Agustin Tellez, Nicolai influenced the development of phenomenological psychiatric school in Chile. The Chilean novelist Fernando Alegria compared him favorably with Robert J. Oppenheimer and Linus Pauling.

  3. Rheumatoid arthritis, Proteus, anti-CCP antibodies and Karl Popper.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ebringer, Alan; Rashid, Taha; Wilson, Clyde

    2010-02-01

    Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a crippling joint disease affecting over 20 million people worldwide. The cause of RA is most probably linked to the triad of microbial trigger, genetic association and autoimmunity and can be explained using the philosophical method of Karl Popper or Popperian sequences. Ten "Popper sequences" have been identified which point to the urinary microbe Proteus mirabilis as the cause of RA: Popper sequence 1 establishes that HLA-DR4 lymphocytes injected into a rabbit evoke specific antibodies against Proteus bacteria. Popper sequence 2 establishes that antibodies to Proteus bacteria are present in RA patients from 14 different countries. Popper sequence 3 establishes that antibodies to Proteus bacteria in RA patients are disease specific since no such antibodies are found in other conditions. Popper sequence 4 establishes that when RA patients have high titres of antibodies to Proteus such bacteria are found in urinary cultures. Popper sequence 5 establishes that only Proteus bacteria and no other microbes evoke significantly elevated antibodies in RA patients. Popper sequence 6 establishes that the "shared epitope" EQR(K)RAA shows "molecular mimicry" with the sequence ESRRAL found in Proteus haemolysin. Popper sequence 7 establishes that Proteus urease contains a sequence IRRET which has "molecular mimicry" with LRREI found in collagen XI of hyaline cartilage. Popper sequence 8 establishes that sera obtained from RA patients have cytopathic properties against sheep red cells coated with the cross-reacting EQR(K)RAA and LRREI self-antigen peptides. Popper sequence 9 establishes that Proteus sequences in haemolysin and urease as well as the self antigens, HLA-DR1/4 and collagen XI, each contain an arginine doublet, thereby providing a substrate for peptidyl arginine deiminase (PAD) to give rise to citrulline, which is the main antigenic component of CCP, antibodies to which are found in early cases of RA. Popper sequence 10 establishes that

  4. Dalle pagine della Fackel agli Ultimi giorni dell’umanità. Karl Kraus e la guerra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Riccardo Morello

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available From Fackel’s pages to The Last Days of Mankind. Karl Kraus and the War. Between 1915 and the end of the war, Karl Kraus, an Austrian intellectual who had made political satire and criticism of journalistic language, engages in a fierce battle against the inhumanity and cruelty of war. On the pages of Fackel, a magazine published by him for over thirty years, from 1899 to 1936, he gathers many texts that then come together in the tragedy of the Last Days of Mankind, a great work, dripping horror, which seeks to represent the unrepresentable.

  5. Three Göttingen lectures by Karl Schwarzschild, 1904-1905. (German Title: Drei Göttinger Vorlesungen Karl Schwarzschilds 1904-1905)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmidt-Kaler, Theodor

    Karl Schwarzschild (1873-1916), perhaps the most eminent astronomer of his time, was professor at Göttingen University from 1901 to 1909. Three of his lectures from the years 1904 to 1906 are available in the form of copy-books written by his students Arnold Kohlschütter (1883-1969) and Max Born (1882-1970). Here, an overview of these lectures is given.

  6. Karl Julius Lohnert - an unknown astronomer, experimental psychologist and teacher (German Title: Karl Julius Lohnert - ein unbekannter Astronom, experimenteller Psychologe und Lehrer)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmadel, Lutz D.; Guski-Leinwand, Susanne

    2011-08-01

    Karl Julius Lohnert (1885-1944) with his double biography as astronomer and psychologist is hardly known in both fields. As a student of astronomy in Heidelberg, Lohnert discovered a couple of minor planets and he dedicated one to his PhD supervisor, the famous Leipzig professor for philosophy, Wilhelm Wundt. This connection is discussed for the first time almost one century after the naming of (635) Vundtia. The paper elucidates some biographical stations of Lohnert.

  7. Tänapäeva tantsuteatri mitu palet / Heili Einasto, Karl Toepfer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Einasto, Heili

    2015-01-01

    Vestlus San Jose ülikooli professori Karl Toepferiga nüüdisaegsest Eesti tantsuteatrist - I. Tuksami "Vassilissa", E. Tubina ja M Kesleri "Kratt", T. Olleski jt. "HTK", G. Reynoldsi ja S. Stubbsi "Gatsby", N. Rota ja G. Madia "La Dolce Vita", A. Toikka "Faust"

  8. Ideal i realnost : Karl von Gershelman - poet-hudozhnik / Mai Levin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Levin, Mai, 1942-

    2005-01-01

    Eesti päritolu kunstniku Elisabeth Rosendorff-Hoerschelmanni (1898-1984) ja Eestiga seotud kunstniku ja kirjaniku Karl von Hoerschelmanni (1899-1951) elust ja loomingust. 2004. a. augustis-oktoobris oli kunstnike tööde näitus Adamson-Ericu muuseumis

  9. Karl Ristikivi rändav Arkaadia / Janika Kronberg, Brita Melts

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kronberg, Janika, 1963-

    2012-01-01

    Artikkel jälgib Arkaadia-motiivi arengut Karl Ristikivi loomingus, toetudes nii autori poolt läbikäidud maastikele kui ka kunstikriitiku ja teoreetiku Simon Schama töödele. Käsitletakse ka Arkaadia motiivi Euroopa kultuuriloos

  10. The Psychology of Thinking, Animal Psychology, and the Young Karl Popper

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    ter Hark, M.R.M.

    2004-01-01

    In the 1920s, Karl Popper wrote two large manuscripts on psychology that he never published. in his autobiography, Unended Quest, he attempts to reduce the importance of his work in psychology as much as possible, and in his philosophical work he is an antipsychologist. However, in this article, it

  11. The Rejectability of Karl Popper: Why Popper's Ideas Have Had So Little Influence on Social Practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burgess, Tyrrell; Swann, Joanna

    2003-01-01

    Addresses the question of why Karl Popper's work has been disregarded or rejected for educational improvement and suggests a series of impediments to an acceptance of Popper's ideas. Outlines a set of principle which if adopted as a basis for practice could lead to significant improvement. (EV)

  12. [Results of school inspections in the county of Karl-Marx-Stadt (author's transl)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arnold, J

    1978-10-01

    Within the Health Protection in Childhood and Adolescence Research Project a hygienic inspection questionnaire was designed for schools. To test this questionnaire, 248 schools in 11 districts of the county of Karl-Marx-Stadt were inspected. From the ascertainments made, several instances are cited to point out the priorities of school hygiene.

  13. Karl Marx:"Er waart een spook door Europa" door Bart Tromp

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    ir.ing Ruud Thelosen

    2011-01-01

    In dit in 2006 verschenen boekje van prof. Sociologie Bart Tromp, die zelf in 2007 overleed, worden niet alleen belangrijke stukken van de hand van Karl Marx zelf weergegeven, maar ook een grondige biografie en een inleiding om het belang van Marx ook voor de actualiteit te benadrukken.

  14. Problematizing the "Taken for Granted" in Educational Issues: Karl Marx, Antonio Gramsci, and Michel Foucault.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qi, Jie

    This paper explores how educators would raise different questions about educational issues by using Karl Marx's framework, Antonio Gramsci's conception, and Michel Foucault's notions, respectively. First, the paper compares the historical perspectives of Marx and Foucault. Marx concludes that history is a progressive linear production and that…

  15. Karl Marx and the Paris Commune of 1871: Tracing Traditions of Critical Pedagogy

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGray, Robert

    2014-01-01

    In 1871, citizens of the war torn arrondissements of Paris, in the face of traumatic political and military turmoil, established a new local form of government. The Paris Commune, as this government became known as in the English world, attracted attention for its alternative political-economic organization. One notable commentator was Karl Marx…

  16. Karl Marx in One Lesson (1818-1883). Series on Public Issues No. 6.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pejovich, Steve

    This booklet, one of a series intended to apply economic principles to major social and political issues of the day, starts from the premise that Marxism is a threat to our way of life and offers a critique of fundamental components of the social movement Marx created. The first of six subsections focuses on sources of influence on Karl Marx…

  17. USA presidendi üks peamisi nõunikke Karl Rove lahkub ametist / Kaivo Kopli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kopli, Kaivo

    2007-01-01

    1993. aastast praeguse USA presidendi George B. Bushiga koos töötanud Karl Rove lahkub ametist perekonna huvides. K. Rove on uurimise all olnud seoses CIA agendi Valerie Plame'i paljastamisega, Senati komitee kuulas teda üle kaheksa föderaalprokuröri vallandamise uurimise raames

  18. Lidar - nesbõvshajasja estonskaja "nokia" / Karl Rebane ; interv. Julia Rodina

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rebane, Karl, 1926-2007

    2006-01-01

    Eesti NSV teadlaste poolt välja töötatud laserseade lidar, seadme ehitamisest, töötamise põhimõttest ja kasutusvaldkonnast. Akadeemik Karl Rebase sõnul ei oleks sellise ulatusega Läänemere saastamist juhtunud, kui Eestil oleks normaalne ökoloogilise kontrolli süsteem. Poliitikute suhtumisest kodumaise teaduse arengusse

  19. Karl Barth's definition of church in politics and culture: Growth points ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The article describes briefly Karl Barth's views on church, its role in politics and how it relates to culture. This is done by identifying the way in which the church participates in the social realm through its relationship with the State. The historic religious question asks whether there is a natural mutual-determining relationship ...

  20. Tartu Ülikooli kümme geeniust / Alo Lõhmus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lõhmus, Alo

    2007-01-01

    Valik Tartu Ülikoolis 375 aasta jooksul kõige rohkem maailmateadust mõjutanud teadlasi: Friedrich Georg Wilhelm Stuve, Martin Heinrich Rathke, Karl Ernst von Baer, Karl Wilhelm von Kupffer, Juri Lotman, Ludvig Puusepp Nikolai Pirogov, Ernst Öpik, Ivan Kondakov, Karl Bücher, Karl Friedrich Burdach ja Gustav Teichmüller

  1. Karl Marx, un periodista en la Era del Capital. Apuntes para una investigación

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Espinoza Pino, Mario

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this article is to criticize the traditional representation of Karl Marx’s journalistic works, usually forgotten by a misleading canon that assumes his articles only as a minor work. One of the problems of this traditional conception is that it dissociates his theoretical and economic contributions from the historical development of the author’s thought (and also from its material roots. We will try to point the importance of Karl Marx’s mature journalism in two areas: in the construction of the central concepts of his critic against the capitalist mode of production (surplus value, a multilineal historical perspective, a global description of the world market, etc. and in the production of political cartographies to intervene in the class conflict. This article poses several hypothesis and tentative affirmations about Karl Marx’s journalism that may serve as a point of departure for a critical research.El objetivo de este artículo es criticar la representación tradicional del trabajo periodístico de Karl Marx, habitualmente olvidado por un canon engañoso que sólo asume sus artículos al precio de convertirlos en una obra menor. Uno de los problemas de esta concepción tradicional es que disocia sus contribuciones teóricas y económicas del desarrollo histórico del pensamiento del autor (y también de sus raíces materiales. Intentaremos señalar la importancia del periodismo maduro de Karl Marx en dos áreas: en la construcción de los conceptos centrales de su crítica contra el capitalismo (plusvalor, un enfoque histórico multilineal, una descripción global del mercado mundial, etc. y en la producción de cartografías políticas para intervenir en el conflicto de clases. Este artículo plantea varias hipótesis y afirmaciones tentativas sobre el periodismo de Karl Marx que pueden servir como punto de partida de una investigación crítica.

  2. Karl Valentin’s Illogical Subversion: issues arising from Karl Valentin’s Das Aquarium and Liesl Karlstadt’s Verein der Katzenfreund

    OpenAIRE

    Wilson, Mike; Double, Oliver

    2003-01-01

    Valentin Ludwig Fey was born on 4 June 1882 in the Munich suburb of Au, effectively the only child of an artisan-class family – his sister and two brothers all died in early childhood before Valentin Ludwig was even six months old. Valentin himself only narrowly survived a childhood encounter with diptheria (all of which, perhaps unsurprisingly, contributed to his ever-increasing hypochondria1), but he went on to become Karl Valentin, arguably the most famous German comedian and cabaret perfo...

  3. Roosna-Alliku mõisa häärber / Karl Kolopka, Nele Rohtla, Johann Schultz

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kolopka, Karl

    2004-01-01

    12 ill.; peahoone ehitati Johann Schultzi kavandite järgi, siseinterjööri ilmestava Louis XVI stiilis stukitöö tegi Karl Kolopka, häärber restaureeriti Nele Rohtla (OÜ Mõisaprojekt) suunamisel

  4. Spatial Relations and the Struggle for Space: Friedrich Ratzel's Impact on German Education from the Wilhelmine Empire to the Third Reich

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paddock, Troy

    2016-01-01

    This article examines the influence of Friedrich Ratzel's idea of the struggle for space and its impact on cultural and national development depicted in German geography and history textbooks from the Wilhelmine era to the Third Reich. Ratzel's concept of bio-geography conceived the state as a living organism that is the product of humanity's…

  5. The Potassium-Argon Laser Experiment (KArLE): In Situ Geochronology for Planetary Robotic Missions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen, Barbara

    2016-01-01

    The Potassium (K) - Argon (Ar) Laser Experiment (KArLE) will make in situ noble-gas geochronology measurements aboard planetary robotic landers and roverss. Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) is used to measure the K abun-dance in a sample and to release its noble gases; the evolved Ar is measured by mass spectrometry (MS); and rela-tive K content is related to absolute Ar abundance by sample mass, determined by optical measurement of the ablated volume. KArLE measures a whole-rock K-Ar age to 10% or better for rocks 2 Ga or older, sufficient to resolve the absolute age of many planetary samples. The LIBS-MS approach is attractive because the analytical components have been flight proven, do not require further technical development, and provide complementary measurements as well as in situ geochronology.

  6. Der Briefwechsel zwischen Alexander von Humboldt und Karl Ernst von Baer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Schmuck

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Zusammenfassung Der kurze, nicht vollständig erhaltene Briefwechsel zwischen Alexander von Humboldt und Karl Ernst von Baer behandelt sehr verschiedene Themen: Politik, Kriegsgefahr, den Wissenschaftsbetrieb, Auszeichnungen und Tagungen, Embryologie und Cholera. Gemeinsam mit Briefen und Reden ergibt sich dabei ein differenziertes Bild der Beurteilung der beiden Wissenschaftler durch den jeweils anderen. Während Baer sich als Bewunderer Humboldts erweist, erscheint umgekehrt Humboldts Einschätzung Baers als ambivalent. Abstract The short, not completely preserved correspondence between Alexander von Humboldt and Karl Ernst von Baer deals with a wide range of subjects: politics and the danger of war, academic activities, scientific awards and conferences, aspects of embryology and the cholera. Letters to third persons and speeches, together with the correspondence between Humboldt and Baer show a differentiated pattern of mutual appraisal: While Baer always remained an admirer of the elder naturalist, Humboldt’s estimation was characterized by ambivalence.

  7. Large-Scale Influences on the Genesis of Tropical Cyclone Karl (2010)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griffin, K.; Bosart, L. F.

    2012-12-01

    The events leading up to the genesis of Tropical Cyclone (TC) Karl (2010) provides a unique opportunity to examine the continuing problem of understanding tropical cyclogenesis. The PRE-Depression Investigation of Cloud-systems in the Tropics (PREDICT) field campaign allowed for detailed investigation of the tropical disturbance that served as the precursor to TC Karl as it progressed westward through the Caribbean Sea. The purpose of this presentation is to examine the evolution of the pre-Karl disturbance using both common synoptic-scale analyses as well as statistically-based equatorial wave analyses, focusing on where these analyses complement and enhance each other. One of the major factors in the initial spin-up of the pre-Karl tropical disturbance is a surge of southerly and westerly winds from northern South America on 8-10 September 2010. As the surge entered the Caribbean on 9 September, it aided in the formation of a nearly closed earth-relative cyclonic circulation near the southern Leeward Islands. This circulation weakened late on 10 September and remained weak through 13 September before increased organization led to TC genesis on 14 September. This southerly wind surge can be traced to a well-defined surge of anomalously cold air and enhanced southerly winds originating in the lee of the Argentinian Andes over a week prior. While the temperature anomalies wash out prior to reaching the equator, anomalous low-level winds progress into Colombia and Venezuela, where topography aids in turning the southerly winds eastward. An investigation of the pre-Karl environment utilizing wavenumber-frequency filtering techniques also suggests that the initial spin-up of pre-Karl can be associated with the active phase of a convectively coupled Kelvin wave (CCKW). The observed formation of the nearly closed cyclonic circulation on 10 September is well timed with the passage of anomalous westerly winds along and behind the convectively active phase of a CCKW. These

  8. Simple Modification of Karl-Fischer Titration Method for Determination of Water Content in Colored Samples

    OpenAIRE

    Eva Tavčar; Erika Turk; Samo Kreft

    2012-01-01

    The most commonly used technique for water content determination is Karl-Fischer titration with electrometric detection, requiring specialized equipment. When appropriate equipment is not available, the method can be performed through visual detection of a titration endpoint, which does not enable an analysis of colored samples. Here, we developed a method with spectrophotometric detection of a titration endpoint, appropriate for moisture determination of colored samples. The reaction takes p...

  9. Vita biografica vs. Vita biologica. la questione dell’anthropos in Karl Löwith

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gambardella, Fabiana

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This work focuses on Karl Löwith’s anthropology. Despite the great number of anthropological studies carried out at the beginning of 20th Century and aimed at describing human nature by means of natural science (biology, ethology, zoology, Löwith elaborates an anthropology based on the concept of biographical life. Man is not a simple living being, he is also an unnatural being that produces himself through the relationship with the other within a shared world.

  10. Den første Karl Gustav-krig 1657-58

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olden-Jørgensen, Sebastian

    2008-01-01

    Artiklen diskuterer den første Karl Gustav-krig i forskellige persketiver og konkluderer, at krigen ikke bør opfattes som et dårligt forberedt og uigennemtænkt forsøg på dansk revanche inden for rammerne af en nordisk rivalisering, men snarere som  en velovervejet satsning og et led i den dansk-s...

  11. Karl Menningu (ja iseenese) päästmiseks / Ants Hein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hein, Ants, 1952-

    2008-01-01

    Vastuseks Karin Hallas-Murula arvustusele "Maja, mis on sümbol" (Sirp, 2007, 5. X, lk. 13) ja Mait Väljase arvustusele "Iseolemise algus arhitektuuris" (Maja, 2008, nr. 1, lk. 86-87) oma 2007. a. ilmunud raamatust "Maja kui sümbol : Eesti Üliõpilaste Seltsi hoone Tartus" kohta. Georg Hellati ja Karl Menningu osalusest EÜS-i hoone sünniloos. Frank Lloyd Wrightist kui võimalikust eeskujuandjast

  12. "Problem of generations": Origins, content and continuing relevance of Karl Mannheim’s article

    OpenAIRE

    Kuljić Todor

    2007-01-01

    The article presents a brief history of the concept of generations. It focuses on Karl Mannheim’s article "Problems of Generations" (1928), its social origins and theoretical content. Mannheim’s role was crucial in 20th century development of the (new) concept of generation. In order to understand the problem of social (historical) generations and evaluate Mannheim’s position within the concept’s development, several points are discussed in more detail: the history of the concept of "generati...

  13. [Development of child neuropsychiatry at the Karl Marx University of Leipzig].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gebelt, H

    1978-05-01

    The development of pedoneuropsychiatry at the University of Leipzig is marked by the opening in 1926 of the first "Department of Pedopsychiatric Observation", the establishment of the Clinic of Pedoneuropsychiatry as an independent unit of the Department of Medicine, Karl Marx University, and the setting up in 1976 of a Chair of Pedoneuropsychiatry. Paul Schröder's and R. A. Pfeifer's services to their university are particularly appreciated.

  14. Bringing the economy back in: Hannah Arendt, Karl Marx, and the politics of capitalism

    OpenAIRE

    İnce, Onur Ulaş

    2016-01-01

    This article engages with the question of how to construct modern economic relations as an object of political theorizing by placing Hannah Arendt's and Karl Marx's writings in critical conversation. I contend that the political aspect of capitalism comes into sharpest relief less in relations of economic exploitation than in moments of expropriation that produce and reproduce the conditions of capitalist accumulation. To develop a theoretical handle on expropriation and thereby on the politi...

  15. Tim, Jan Lucas ja Karl Robert - vennad üheks kuuks / Maris Laurits

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laurits, Maris

    2009-01-01

    Rakvere Teatri suvelavastuse "Vennad Lõvisüdamed" kaks Karli osatäitjat Jan Lucas Videvik ja Tim Leesnurm ning Joonatani osatäitja Karl Robert Saaremäe tegid Loksal Kaldmaa talus ratsasõiduproove. Üllar Saaremäe lavastuse "Vennad Lõvisüdamed" (Astrid Lindgreni samanimelise jutustuse järgi) esietendus on 11. juunil Rakvere teatri taga aias

  16. Development of the Potassium-Argon Laser Experiment (KArLE) Instrument for In Situ Geochronology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen, Barbara A.; Li, Z.-H.; Miller, J. S.; Brinckerhoff, W. B.; Clegg, S. M.; Mahaffy, P. R.; Swindle, T. D.; Wiens, R. C.

    2012-01-01

    Absolute dating of planetary samples is an essential tool to establish the chronology of geological events, including crystallization history, magmatic evolution, and alteration. Traditionally, geochronology has only been accomplishable on samples from dedicated sample return missions or meteorites. The capability for in situ geochronology is highly desired, because it will allow one-way planetary missions to perform dating of large numbers of samples. The success of an in situ geochronology package will not only yield data on absolute ages, but can also complement sample return missions by identifying the most interesting rocks to cache and/or return to Earth. In situ dating instruments have been proposed, but none have yet reached TRL 6 because the required high-resolution isotopic measurements are very challenging. Our team is now addressing this challenge by developing the Potassium (K) - Argon Laser Experiment (KArLE) under the NASA Planetary Instrument Definition and Development Program (PIDDP), building on previous work to develop a K-Ar in situ instrument [1]. KArLE uses a combination of several flight-proven components that enable accurate K-Ar isochron dating of planetary rocks. KArLE will ablate a rock sample, determine the K in the plasma state using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS), measure the liberated Ar using quadrupole mass spectrometry (QMS), and relate the two by the volume of the ablated pit using an optical method such as a vertical scanning interferometer (VSI). Our preliminary work indicates that the KArLE instrument will be capable of determining the age of several kinds of planetary samples to +/-100 Myr, sufficient to address a wide range of geochronology problems in planetary science.

  17. The politics of psychiatry and the vicissitudes of faith circa 1950: Karl Stern's psychiatric novel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burston, Daniel

    2015-01-01

    Karl Stern, MD (1906-1975) was the author of The Pillar of Fire (1951) and three nonfiction books on psychiatry, psychoanalysis, and religion. His novel, Through Dooms of Love (1960), written with the assistance of his friend and admirer Graham Greene, covers a number of topics that were to psychiatric theory, treatment, and research at mid-century, and reflects several features of his own personal and professional vicissitudes. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  18. Some epistemology ́s elements of Social Science by Karl PopperAlguns elementos da Epistemolgia da Ciências Sociais de Karl Popper

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julio Cesar Rodrigues Pereira

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the main elements of the epistemology of human sciences of Karl Popper. It was organized as follows. First, we positioned ourselves in the Popper-Adorno controversy. Then weestablished the parameters of discussion, particularly in regards to the idea of “scientific explanation”. Some elements of Popper’s Theory of Knowledge are then analyzed. The final part discusses thescientific parameters of Social Sciences.Este artigo discute os principais elementos da epistemologia das ciências humanas de Karl Popper. Foi organizado como segue. Em primeiro lugar, nos posionamos sobre a  polêmica Popper-Adorno. Então, nós estabelecemos os parâmetros de discussão, nomeadamente no que respeita a idéia de "explicação científica". A seguir são analisados alguns elementos da Teoria do Conhecimento de Popper. A parte final discute os parâmetros científicos de Ciências Sociais

  19. Lina, uma criança exemplar! Friedrich Froebel e a pedagogia dos jardins-de-infância

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessandra Arce

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available This work analyses an important text written by Friedrich Froebel (1782- 1852, creator of the Kindergartens. The text, entitled "On how Lina learnt to read and write: a story for children who like to be busy", explains, in story form, the most important educational principles of Froebel. The aim of this paper is to present the ideas of the author with regard to how one ought to think and practice education for early childhood, taking the story as the starting point. The ideas of one of the pioneers of education for early childhood (children of less than six years of age are re-discussed since it is considered that his educational theory presents the seeds for current discussions in favour of constructing a Pedagogy for Child Education.

  20. CERN Library | Edoardo Amaldi presents "The adventurous life of Friedrich Georg Houtermans, physicist (1903-1966)" | 11 November

    CERN Multimedia

    2014-01-01

    The physicist Friedrich Houtermans (1903-1966) was an important promoter and proponent of the development of physics in Berne. He introduced a number of activities in the field of elementary particles, with a special focus on the physics of cosmic rays, and made important contributions in applied physics.   This biography of Houtermans was written by Edoardo Amaldi and was almost finished just before his unexpected death in 1989. The editors have only corrected typographical errors and introduced minimal text changes in order to preserve the original content. Additionally they have collected and included previously unpublished pictures and memories from Houtermans’ students and collaborators.  The text is the result of a thorough and intensive study of Houtermans’ life and character carried out by Edoardo Amaldi. It is more than a biography, since the figure of Houtermans is set in a historical period in Europe between the two world wars. This book will be of great i...

  1. [A failed experiment - Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker, Jürgen Habermas and the Max-Planck Society].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leendertz, Ariane

    2014-01-01

    From 1970 to 1980 Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker headed the Max-Planck-lnstitut zur Erforschung der Lebensbedingungen der wissenschaftlich-technischen Welt (MPI for the study of the living conditions of the world of science and technology) in Starnberg, jointly with Jürgen Habermas since 1971. From the start, the Max Planck Society regarded the new institute as an experiment that might perhaps be aborted a few years later. This is exactly what happened. With the retirement of Weizsäcker, his section was closed and the whole institute was renamed. In 1981. Habermas resigned, and then the institute was closed. This paper focusses on some of the problem constellations within the institute that partly explain its development and eventual closure: its birth out of the idea of scientific policy advice, the debates within the Max Planck Society and the complex relationship between Weizsäcker and Jürgen Habermas.

  2. O jogo e o desenvolvimento infantil na teoria da atividade e no pensamento educacional de Friedrich Froebel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessandra Arce

    Full Text Available Este artigo apresenta um estudo teórico comparativo da pedagogia desenvolvida por Friedrich Froebel e da teoria da atividade (Leontiev, Elkonin e Vigotski no que diz respeito ao jogo e ao desenvolvimento infantil. Ainda que essas duas abordagens considerem o jogo uma atividade muito importante no desenvolvimento da criança, elas diferem em sua visão do que seja o significado do jogo no contexto do processo de formação do indivíduo. Essa divergência é uma conseqüência de suas opostas concepções acerca da relação entre a natureza humana e a história.

  3. O jogo e o desenvolvimento infantil na teoria da atividade e no pensamento educacional de Friedrich Froebel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arce Alessandra

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo apresenta um estudo teórico comparativo da pedagogia desenvolvida por Friedrich Froebel e da teoria da atividade (Leontiev, Elkonin e Vigotski no que diz respeito ao jogo e ao desenvolvimento infantil. Ainda que essas duas abordagens considerem o jogo uma atividade muito importante no desenvolvimento da criança, elas diferem em sua visão do que seja o significado do jogo no contexto do processo de formação do indivíduo. Essa divergência é uma conseqüência de suas opostas concepções acerca da relação entre a natureza humana e a história.

  4. 4. One Sea, One Humanity. Modeling the Man-Sea Relationship in Friedrich Ratzel’s Anthropogeographical Project

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlotta Santini

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available The prevailing concept of geography, understood as the study and description of the Earth, can be viewed as a form of removal: less than two-thirds of the globe, that is, the seas or the liquid elements of the Earth, are removed or at the very least are not explicitly designated. This article will focus on issues concerning the classification, systematization, and conceptualization of geographic knowledge that took place in nineteenth-century Germany. I will try to demonstrate how this alleged “removal” operates in modern geography and how it links with a contrasting movement that aims to reintegrate the liquid element of the Earth into the field of geography, on the basis of the man/world relation. I will focus in particular on Friedrich Ratzel’s (1844-1904 pioneering studies in anthropogeography and political geography.

  5. [Encounters and re-encounters - philosophy and religion of the physicist Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meyer-Abich, Michael

    2014-01-01

    (1) Quantum theory deals not just with reality but with the physical (scientific) reality of its objects. Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker understood this to imply that scientific knowledge of objects converges with philosophical knowledge of their objectivity but did not succeed in rounding off physics. (2) We are actors as well as spectators not only in scientific knowledge but in political processes as well, particularly by means of science. It is, therefore, not justified to deny political responsibility even in 'basic research'. Carl Friedrich von Weizsacker identified classical physics as the venture of knowledge without love but believed that this boundary could be transcended. The apparent neutrality of science must not be tolerated by the churches, however. (3) In religion Weizsäcker felt most at home in Buddhist spirituality, this being akin to Christian spirituality which has been more or less lost by the Christian churches. Yet he tried to support his church and to participate in its actions. (4) Lack of love corresponds to an excess of power in the religious critique of science. In both respects Weizsäcker presented the mirror to industrial society but people in general did not recognize their image. The Max-Planck-Society, however, shut up Weizsäcker's "Institute for the study of the conditions of life in the modern world" (Starnberg 1970-1980) as soon as possible. (5) Weizsäcker always refrained from exerting any power except that of reason or truth. According to Lao Tse this is the power least perceived as such. In politics he generally followed the mainstream after once having been tempted to action in 1941/42. His influence on German society was based on his charismatic spirituality.

  6. Animal Magnetism, Psychiatry and Subjective Experience in Nineteenth-Century Germany: Friedrich Krauß and his Nothschrei.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brückner, Burkhart

    2016-01-01

    Friedrich Krauß (1791-1868) is the author of Nothschrei eines Magnetisch-Vergifteten [Cry of Distress by a Victim of Magnetic Poisoning] (1852), which has been considered one of the most comprehensive self-narratives of madness published in the German language. In this 1018-page work Krauß documents his acute fears of 'mesmerist' influence and persecution, his detainment in an Antwerp asylum and his encounter with various illustrious physicians across Europe. Though in many ways comparable to other prominent nineteenth-century first-person accounts (eg. John Thomas Perceval's 1838 Narrative of the Treatment Experienced by a Gentleman or Daniel Paul Schreber's 1903 Memoirs of my Nervous Illness), Krauß's story has received comparatively little scholarly attention. This is especially the case in the English-speaking world. In this article I reconstruct Krauß's biography by emphasising his relationship with physicians and his under-explored stay at the asylum. I then investigate the ways in which Krauß appropriated nascent theories about 'animal magnetism' to cope with his disturbing experiences. Finally, I address Krauß's recently discovered calligraphic oeuvre, which bears traces of his typical fears all the while showcasing his artistic skills. By moving away from the predominantly clinical perspective that has characterised earlier studies, this article reveals how Friedrich Krauß sought to make sense of his experience by selectively appropriating both orthodox and non-orthodox forms of medical knowledge. In so doing, it highlights the mutual interaction of discourses 'from above' and 'from below' as well as the influence of broader cultural forces on conceptions of self and illness during that seminal period.

  7. Twee vroeë reaksies van Gereformeerde kant op Karl Barth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. J. Engelbrecht

    1986-06-01

    Full Text Available In 1919 het die eerste uitgawe van die epogmakende “Romerbrief” van Karl Barth verskyn. Van die tweede druk in 1922 sê hy dat “kein Stein mehr auf dem andem” gelaat is nie. So opspraakwekkend was hierdie boek dat in 1929 die 5de druk van die tweede, radikaal-hersiene uitgawe verskyn het. Intussen het nog ander werke van Barth en selfs oor Barth verskyn. 0ns noem o.a. sy Der Christ in der Gesellschaft (1920; Das Wort Gottes und die Theologie (1924; Vom Christlichen Leben (1926; Auferstehung der Toten (2. Aufl. 1927, sy preke saam met Eduard Thurneysen Komm Schopfer Geist, (Dritt Aufl., 7-9 Tausend(! 1926. Maar 1927 was veral belangrik vanweë die verskyning van Barth se eerste Dogmatiekboek: “Die Christliche Dogmatik im Entwurf. 1 Die Lehre vom Worte Gottes. Prolegomena zur Christlichen Dogmatik” . Voor dié datum het dwarsoor die wêreld, maar ook in Nederland wye reaksie op sy teologie ontstaan. In 1926 skryf Max Strauch sy “Theologie Karl Barth’s”, terwyl Haitjema in Nederland ook in 1926 sy Barth boek die lig laat sien (Prof. dr. Th. L. Haitjema, Karl Barth, Wageningen 1926. Ander Nederlanders wat gereageer het, was drr. A. H. de Hartog, V. Hepp, Ph. Kohnstamm en di. D. Tromp en 0. Noordmans.

  8. 4 August 2011 - Austrian Head of Protocol, Directorate General III, Federal Ministry of Science and Research I. Friedrich (3rd from left) in the LHC superconducting magnet test hall with M. Benedkit, C. Wulz and C. Fabjan.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2011-01-01

    4 August 2011 - Austrian Head of Protocol, Directorate General III, Federal Ministry of Science and Research I. Friedrich (3rd from left) in the LHC superconducting magnet test hall with M. Benedkit, C. Wulz and C. Fabjan.

  9. A contribuição de Karl Polanyi para a sociologia do desenvolvimento rural The contribution of Karl Polanyi for the rural development sociology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio Schneider

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available O ensaio aborda a importância da redescoberta do pensamento de Karl Polanyi e de sua crítica à "sociedade de mercado" na retomada dos estudos e debates sobre o desenvolvimento (rural. Após uma apresentação geral do quadro teórico e analítico de Polanyi, buscamos utilizar seus conceitos para interpretar a dinâmica da mercantilização dos meios de vida e das formas sociais de trabalho e produção no espaço rural, bem como dos sistemas agroalimentares no capitalismo contemporâneo. Com base nestas proposições, refletimos sobre o papel dos atores sociais e das instituições nos processos de mudança social em geral e os de desenvolvimento rural em particular. Finalizamos, propondo algumas potencialidades dessa abordagem para os estudos sobre desenvolvimento rural no Brasil.The essay deals with the importance of the rediscovery of Karl Polanyi's thinking and of his criticism of the "market society" in resuming (rural development studies and debates. Following an overall presentation of Polanyi's theoretical and analytical framework, we look for using his concepts to interpret the commoditization dynamics of the rural livelihoods and the social forms of labor and production in the rural space, as well as the commoditization of the agri-food systems in the contemporary capitalism. Based on these statements, we reflect about the role of social actors and institutions in the processes of social change at large and of rural development in particular. And, finally, we propose some potentialities of this approach for the rural development studies in Brazil.

  10. Friedrich Konrad Griepenkerl (1782-1849), Braunschweigi Collegium Carolinumi professor ja Braunschweigi Lauluakadeemia esimene direktor / Andreas Waczkat ; tõlkinud Anu Sõõro

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Waczkat, Andreas, 1964-

    2009-01-01

    Friedrich Konrad Griepenkerl töötas 1821. aastast alates Collegium Carolinumis filosoofia ja esteetika professorina. Ta oli esimene professor, kelle professionaalne karjäär hõlmas muusikat. Ehkki Griepenkerl ei olnud akadeemiline muusikaõpetaja, oli tema muusikaline tegevus Braunschweigis professorikohaga tihedalt seotud, kuna ta jõudis avalike loengute kaudu laia kunsti- ja muusikahuvilise publikuni. Peale selle asutas ta lauluringi, millest sai hiljem Braunschweigi lauluakadeemia.

  11. Karl Poggensee - A widely unknown German rocket pioneer - The early years 1930-1934 - A chronology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rohrwild, Karlheinz

    2017-09-01

    The rediscovered estate of Karl Poggensee allows to reproduce chronologically his rocket tests of the period 1930-1934 almost completely for the first time. Thrilled by the movie ;The Woman in the Moon; for the idea of space travel, he started as a student of Hinderburg-Polytechnikum (IAO), Oldenburg, to build his first solid-fuel rocket, producing his own propellant charges. Being a coming electrical engineer his main goal was not set up new record heights, but to provide his rockets with automatic measuring instruments, camera and parachute release systems. The optimization of this sequence was his main focus.

  12. 3rd Karl Schwarzschild Meeting - Gravity and the Gauge/Gravity Correspondence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nicolini, Piero; Kaminski, Matthias; Mureika, Jonas; Bleicher, Marcus

    2018-01-01

    The Karl Schwarzschild Meeting 2017 (KSM2017) has been the third instalment of the conference dedicated to the great Frankfurter scientist, who derived the first black hole solution of Einstein's equations about 100 years ago. The event has been a 5 day meeting in the field of black holes, AdS/CFT correspondence and gravitational physics. Like the two previous instalments, the conference continued to attract a stellar ensemble of participants from the world's most renowned institutions. The core of the meeting has been a series of invited talks from eminent experts (keynote speakers) as well as the presence of plenary research talks by students and junior speakers.

  13. Determination of water in nuclear materials by means of the Karl Fischer method

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pereira, W.; Rocha, S.M.R.; Atalla, L.T.; Abrao, A.

    1987-06-01

    Karl Fischer Method was adapted for water determination in uranium coumpounds and substances of nuclear interest, by using a comercial equipment. The experimental conditions for the analysis of U 3 O 8 , UO 3 , UO 2 , UF 4 KFnHF and (NH 4 ) 4 UO 2 (CO 3 ) 3 were established. The influence of the agitation and contact time between sample and solvent, of the sample weight, of the reaction end point determination and of the sample granulometry on the precision and accuracy of results was also studied. (Author) [pt

  14. Karl Polanyi et les monnaies modernes : un réexamen

    OpenAIRE

    Blanc , Jérôme

    2006-01-01

    Karl Polanyi a établi une célèbre distinction entre "all purpose money", caractéristiques des sociétés modernes, et "special purpose money", caractéristiques des sociétés anciennes. C'est la conception polanyienne des monnaies modernes qui est critiquée dans ce texte : non seulement elle conduit à considérer que les sociétés modernes ne connaissent pas de "special purpose money", mais en plus elle ne permet pas de renouveler la conception courante de la monnaie (sous-entendu moderne) qui en f...

  15. Determination of the water content in tetra-ammonium uranyl tricarbonate by the Karl Fischer reagent method

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sisti, C.; Grigoletto, T.

    1990-08-01

    Two methods are compared for the determination of water content in tetra-ammonium uranyl tricarbonate by the Karl Fischer reagent method. In the first method it is Known that the carbonate reacts stoichiometrically with the iodine content of the Karl Fischer reagent in the same way it reacts with the water (mole of apparent H 2 O per mole of carbonate is produced). In this case, the carbonate content in the sample is determined and a suitable correction is applied to take into account the apparent water results. In the second method it is performed an extraction of the moisture by adding methanol to the sample in an independent flask. After the decantation, an aliquot of the clear supernatant methanol is taken for the determination of water content by the Karl Fischer reagent method. (author) [pt

  16. Update on Development of the Potassium-Argon Laser Experiment (KArLE) Instrument for In Situ Geochronology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen, Barbara A.; Li, Z.-H.; Miller, J. S.; Brinckerhoff, W. B.; Clegg, S. M.; Mahaffy, P. R.; Swindle, T. D.; Wiens, R. C.

    2013-01-01

    Absolute dating of planetary samples is an essential tool to establish the chronology of geological events, including crystallization history, magmatic evolution, and alteration. We are addressing this challenge by developing the Potassium (K) -- Argon Laser Experiment (KArLE), building on previous work to develop a K-Ar in situ instrument. KArLE ablates a rock sample, determines the K in the plasma state using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS), measures the liberated Ar using quadrupole mass spectrometry (QMS), and relates the two by the volume of the ablated pit using laser confocal microscopy (LCM). Our goal is for the KArLE instrument to be capable of determining the age of several kinds of planetary samples to address a wide range of geochronolgy problems in planetary science.

  17. Komunisme Sebuah Utopia dalam Era Globalisasi: Tinjauan Historis terhadap Pemikiran Karl Marx

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nasrullah Nazsir

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available Kehancuran negara-negara berhaluan komunis pasca Perang Dingin menyebabkan keabsahan ideologi komunis yang digagas Marx dipertanyakan kembali. Kendati demikian, hancurnya pemerintahan negara-negara komunis tersebut tidak berarti matinya komunisme. Banyak pemikiran baru muncul mereinterpretasi gagasan Marx berlandaskan pada kritik dan otokritik yang dilakukan sejumlah Marxis, mulai dari Friedrich Engels yang hidup sezaman dengan Marx, hingga Marxis-Marxis sesudahnya seperti Herbert Marcuse, Roger Garaudy, Jurgen Habermas dan T.W. Adorno. Disimpulkan, Marxisme sebagai sebuah gerakan pemikiran tidak akan pernah mati, karena akan selalu diinterpretasi untuk menjawab tantangan zaman dewasa ini, yang masih ditandai oleh saratnya permasalahan manusia, alienasi, ketimpangan, ketidakadilan, dan berbagai penyakit masyarakat lainnya. Dalam konteks masa kini, paham Marxis bertransformasi menjadi multimuka Marxisme yang menawarkan gagasan-gagasan segar, sekaligus kontroversial seperti Gerakan New Left dan usulan kerjasama antara kaum agamis dan komunis dalam Teologi Pembebasan Amerika Latin.

  18. Keim, Karl-Dieter, Das Fenster zum Raum : Traktat über die Erforschung sozialräumlicher Transformation / [rezensiert von] Helmut Klüter

    OpenAIRE

    Klüter, Helmut

    2009-01-01

    Rezensiertes Werk: Keim, Karl-Dieter: Das Fenster zum Raum : Traktat über die Erforschung sozialräumlicher Transformation / Karl-Dieter Keim. - Opladen : Leske + Budrich, 2003. - 171 S. : graph. Darst. - (Lehrtexte : Sozialwissenschaften) ISBN 3-8100-4050-9

  19. Impulso formal e impulso sensible, algunas consideraciones sobre la educación estética desde Friedrich Schiller

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Gregorio Posada Ramírez

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Este texto es un artículo de reflexión. Argumenta que la educación estética es un promisorio camino para promover uno de los más importantes objetivos de la educación: la formación integral. A partir de las Cartas sobre la educación estética del hombre, del filósofo y poeta Friedrich Schiller, se muestra que dos son los rasgos que pueden definir la vocación intelectual del hombre: el impulso formal y el impulso sensible. El primero, recoge la necesidad humana de racionalidad, esto es, la vocación a encontrar y construir abstracciones y regularidades del mundo, de fundirse en lo universal; el segundo, la inclinación de las personas a buscar emociones que aviven su sensibilidad y pasiones, de mantenerse como seres singulares. Descrito el impulso formal y el impulso sensible como las dos cualidades que holísticamente configuran las potencialidades intelectuales humanas, se muestra que la apreciación de lo bello, en términos de Schiller: la Forma viva, en tanto cultiva equilibradamente ambos ímpetus humanos, fomenta la educación integral en las personas.

  20. Friedrich Creuzer (1771-1858 à l’Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sotera Fornaro

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available La contribution donnera une vue d’ensemble des relations personnelles et culturelles qui ont déterminé la réception dans la culture française de l’œuvre Symbolik und Mythologie de Friedrich Creuzer (1771-1858. L’élection de Creuzer comme membre de l’Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres en 1825 y constituera l’épisode central qui s’inscrit dans un cadre plus large du « transfert culturel » franco-allemand.Pour sa réception en France, Sylvestre de Sacy, président de la Société Asiatique, jouait un rôle décisif. C’est surtout grâce à son initiative que Creuzer fut élu membre de l’Académie des Inscriptions où il devenait, en 1826, le successeur du fameux Friedrich August Wolf et fut accueilli au même moment que Wilhelm von Humboldt, une coïncidence qui porta à Creuzer une estime incontestable qu’en Allemagne, il lui manquait. La querelle de méthode que sa Symbolique avait provoquée en Allemagne y conduisit à une marginalisation dans la philologie classique officielle. De plus, il fut accusé de « cryptocatholicisme », de « trahison » de la foi protestante et, d’une façon implicite, d’adhésion à la maçonnerie. En France, jusqu’à sa réception à l’Académie, Creuzer n’était pas connu pour sa Symbolique, mais plutôt pour ses travaux sur l’historiographie antique et ses éditions de Cicéron. Pendant son séjour à l’Académie des Inscriptions à Paris en 1827, il s’efforçait, d’après ses propres notes autobiographiques, d’éviter des débats sur la mythologie ou la religion et de se présenter comme chercheur strictement historique. À Paris, il approfondit ses recherches orientales en entrant en contact avec Félix Lajard, Eugène Burnouf et Edgar Quinet. Creuzer y rencontra aussi son traducteur Jean Daniel Guigniaut qui allait travailler plus de 25 ans à la traduction et récriture de la Symbolique. La révision de Guigniaut eut une influence énorme dans la

  1. “Nothingness or a God”: Nihilism, Enlightenment, and “Natural Reason” in Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi’s Works

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    STEFAN-SEBASTIAN MAFTEI

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Our paper analyzes one of the most important philosophical problems of the philosophies of the Enlightenment: the problem of the emergence and the justification of the autonomy of reason. Our study will reflect on the critique of the autonomous reason, a critique brought by the Enlightenment thinkers themselves. Kant is one example of criticizing, and moreover securing the status of reason in the Enlightenment. Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi, however, was not only an adversary of transcendental philosophy, but also a radical critic of the concept of ‘reason.’ In Jacobi’s works, reason faced a powerful critique of its own mechanisms of justification. Jacobi’s main thesis is that reason is threatened by the prospect of nihilism lurking from inside its main body of axioms. His critique against nihilism from the point of view of a believer is nothing new to the history of ideas, but here the direction of the critique changes against the vein of the Modern Age’s mainstream views with respect to the relation between reason and faith: reason’s own standards of truth are deemed as incapable of securing a safe place for reason against the prospect of an overwhelming nihilism. Thus, Jacobi emphasizes again and again that reason or cognition must find its standard of truth outside itself, or else it must face the scene of nothingness.

  2. On the Hierarchy of Saints on Altars. Visitation Records of Otto Friedrich Buchheim, the Bishop of Ljubljana (1641–1664

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lavrič, Ana

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The visitation records of Otto Friedrich Buchheim, the Bishop of Ljubljana from 1641–1664, offer an insight into the rules governing the disposition of saintly figures in altar retables. The central place was accorded to the titular saint, while companion saints are positioned in pairs (separately for each level of the retable in such a way that those of higher rank are placed on the more distinguished gospel side, whereas those of lower rank stand on the subordinate epistle side. The priority of one saint over another was not a matter of a random choice, but of a fixed hierarchical order which was created over the course of centuries in the Litany of All Saints and also in the hymns of the officium for All Saints Day; this hierarchy, as Buchheim remarks, is "in agreement with the general feeling of the Catholic Church". Ecclesiastical art in Slovenia shows that in the Gothic period the hierarchical principle governing the disposition of saintly figures was not yet firmly fixed, but it was fully established in the late Renaissance and Baroque periods, which coincides with the period of unification of the Litany of All Saints for the entire Catholic Church. Later it started to loosen again, yet it remained in force up to the 20th century.

  3. [A utopian episode - Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker in the networks of the Max-Planck Society].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kant, Horst; Renn, Jürgen

    2014-01-01

    Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker was a key figure in the history of the Max Planck Society (MPS). This essay contextualises his work with the development of the MPS, highlighting the institutional and personal networks upon which it was based. Some of the stations addressed in the following are his role in the German Uranium Project, in preparing the Mainau Declaration, the Göttingen Manifesto, and the Memorandum of Tübingen as well as his involvement in the foundation of the Max Planck Institute (MPI) for Human Development and his own MPI for the Research of Living Conditions in the Modern World located in Starnberg. The relationship between Weizsäcker and Hellmut Becker, long-time friend and founding director of the MPI for Human Development, will be of particular interest. Another issue broached here is the connection between natural science and the humanities in Weizsäcker's work, and subsequently the relation between these two science cultures in the MPS. Finally, we look at the challenges Weizsäcker's work could present to the MPS today.

  4. The Friedrich-Lively Instrument to Assess the Impact of Schizophrenia on Siblings (FLIISS): Part I--instrument construction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friedrich, Rose Marie; Lively, Sonja; Rubenstein, Linda; Buckwalter, Kathleen

    2002-01-01

    Siblings of persons with schizophrenia may provide primary or secondary care for their sibling and support to parents who are primary care givers. These siblings experience stress and the accompanying sequelae of decreased quality of life, grief, chronic illness, and symptoms of depression and anxiety. Comprehensive measures of sibling stress have not been published. Before interventions to help siblings can be created, health professionals need such an assessment. The Friedrich-Lively Instrument to Assess the Impact of Schizophrenia on Siblings (FLIISS) has been developed to meet the needs of both health workers and siblings. The instrument has a strong conceptual basis adapted from Pearlin's model of stress in caregiving and was preceded by pilot work that evaluated both quantitative and qualitative data. In this article, (Part I), the development of the instrument and its relationships to the conceptual model are described. Health professionals can use the instrument for collecting information that will increase their ability to identify sources of stress faced by siblings of persons with schizophrenia, and from this assessment they may develop interventions for this underserved population.

  5. Boris Pasternak and Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock (about Pasternak’s Poem The Starry River of a Week Ago

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberta Salvatore

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to demonstrate that Boris Pasternak’s poem The Starry River of a Week Ago (1917 is a description of the creation process and a reflection on the nature of this process. To support this view, attention will be drawn to some significant sets of images and themes in this text that are found also in a group of five poems by Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock, in which ice-skating functions as a metaphor of creation. These poems will give rise to a specific tradition within German poetry where ice-skating is symbolic of both the rapture and the risk of inspiration. In the last part of the paper it will be shown that, although there is no evidence of Pasternak’s acquaintance with Klopstock’s poetry, his thorough knowledge of German language and literature leaves little doubt about this acquaintance. Moreover, it is possible to find a number of affinities in the way of thinking of these two writers.

  6. The psychology of thinking, animal psychology, and the young Karl Popper.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ter Hark, Michel

    2004-01-01

    In the 1920s, Karl Popper wrote two large manuscripts on psychology that he never published. In his autobiography, Unended Quest, he attempts to reduce the importance of his work in psychology as much as possible, and in his philosophical work he is an antipsychologist. However, in this article, it is argued that Popper's early psychology has been pivotally important for the development of his philosophy. In particular, it is shown that Popper's views on psychology underwent a radical shift, one that paved the way for his characteristic deductive stance in philosophy. Popper's views shifted from an inductive and associationistic psychology toward a noninductive psychology of problem solving. Tracing the historical background of Popper's early work reveals how he integrated various parts of the psychology of Karl Groos into his analysis of the childish phenomenon of dogmatic thinking and how he shortly after appropriated various elements of the animal psychology of Hans Volkelt and Herbert Jennings in his biological approach to (dogmatic) thinking. In the monumental works of Otto Selz, however, Popper finally found the roots of a noninductive and biological approach to the growth of individual and scientific knowledge. Copyright 2004 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  7. Karl Marx and Liberation Theology: Dialectical Materialism and Christian Spirituality in, against, and beyond Contemporary Capitalism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter McLaren

    2018-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores convergences and discrepancies between liberation theology and the works of Karl Marx through the dialogue between one of the key contemporary proponents of liberation theology, Peter McLaren, and the agnostic scholar in critical pedagogy, Petar Jandrić. The paper briefly outlines liberation theology and its main convergences with the works of Karl Marx. Exposing striking similarities between the two traditions in denouncing the false God of money, it explores differences in their views towards individualism and collectivism. It rejects shallow rhetorical homologies between Marx and the Bible often found in liberation theology, and suggests a change of focus from seeking a formal or Cartesian logical consistency between Marxism and Christianity to exploring their dialectical consistency. Looking at Marxist and Christian approaches to morality, it outlines close links between historical materialism and questions of value. It concludes that the shared eschaton of Marxism and the Christianity gives meaning to human history and an opportunity to change it.

  8. KARL METAR

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — METAR is a routine scheduled observation and is the primary observation code used in the United States to satisfy requirements for reporting surface meteorological...

  9. Karl Polanyi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjeldgaard, Dannie

    2018-01-01

    What are the origins of the marketing mind? In this introductory quotation Polanyi suggests that it springs from a specifi c type of economy that diffused in nineteenth century processes of industrialization that swept the world. As such, the marketing mind is a recent historic phenomenon; this qu......What are the origins of the marketing mind? In this introductory quotation Polanyi suggests that it springs from a specifi c type of economy that diffused in nineteenth century processes of industrialization that swept the world. As such, the marketing mind is a recent historic phenomenon......; this quotation seems to tell us. Rather than representing the vanguard of history, the marketing mind, the quotation also seems to tell us, is a “formidable obstacle” that possibly inhibits us from seeing how economy and sociality – our “livelihood” – potentially might be organized differently. In this chapter I...

  10. Naised käsu korras firmade juhatusse! Jah või ei? / Kairi Alt, Aveli Kippari, Karl Koort... [jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    Küsimusele vastavad Columbus IT Partner Eesti AS personalijuht Kairi Alt, Stele ja Riveli omanik Aveli Kippari, AS Panaviatic'i turundusjuht Karl Koort, OÜ Tarkvara Tehnoloogia Arenduskeskuse tegevjuht Indrek Vainu, AS PricewaterhouseCoopers auditiosakonna direktor Eva Jansen, Kalev Chocolate Factory tootmisjuht Hardo Reinike

  11. Karl Schwarzschild's investigations of `out-of-focus photometry' between 1897 and 1899 at Kuffner Observatory in Vienna

    Science.gov (United States)

    Habison, Peter

    From 1897 to 1899 Karl Schwarzschild worked at the Kuffner Observatory in Vienna. During these years he developed new measuring techniques in the field of photographic photometry, where he studied particularly the quantitative determination of the departure from the reciprocity law during photographic exposure. This paper concentrates on Schwarzschild's early work in this field and gives an overview of his important Viennese years.

  12. Reference test methods for total water in lint cotton by Karl Fischer Titration and low temperature distillation

    Science.gov (United States)

    In a study of comparability of total water contents (%) of conditioned cottons by Karl Fischer Titration (KFT) and Low Temperature Distillation (LTD) reference methods, we demonstrated a match of averaged results based on a large number of replications and weighing the test specimens at the same tim...

  13. Reference method for total water in lint cotton by automated oven drying combined with volumetric Karl Fischer titration

    Science.gov (United States)

    In a preliminary study to measure total water in lint cotton we demonstrated that volumetric Karl Fischer Titration of moisture transported by a carrier gas from an attached small oven is more accurate than standard oven drying in air. The objective of the present study was to assess the measuremen...

  14. Blank ja Jeron (sero.org) / Joachim Blank, Karl Heinz Jeron ; interv. Tilman Baumgärtel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Blank, Joachim

    2006-01-01

    Nime sero.org all esinenud saksa kunstnikepaarist Joachim Blankist (sünd. 1963) ja Karl Heinz Jeronist ning nende loomingust, intervjuu kunstnikega nende Berliini ateljees 10. II 2000. Saksa võrgukunsti edendamisest rühmituste Lux Logis, Handshake ja Internationale Stadt koosseisus, jututubadest, teostest "Dump your trash", "Re-M@il", installatsioonidest "re: represent", "Scanner +++", "sign.post" ja muust

  15. Mida kujutab endast IB õppekava? / Toomas Kruusimägi, Anu Parts, Karl Hendrik Thomson ; intervjueerinud Raivo Juurak

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kruusimägi, Toomas, 1962-

    2010-01-01

    Uuest rahvusvahelisest International Baccalaureate'i (IB) õppekavast ja selle rakendamisest Tallinna Inglise Kolledži 11. klassis alates möödunud aastast räägivad kooli direktor Toomas Kruusimägi, õppedirektor Anu Parts ning õpilane Karl Hendrik Thomson

  16. [Development, problems and results of specialty-specific genetic counseling at the Neurology Clinic of the Karl Marx University].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bachmann, H

    1987-11-01

    Genetic counselling for inherited neurological diseases has been established at the Clinic for Neurology of Karl Marx University. Comprehensive experiences have been got with the specific and sometimes markedly different problems and aims of counselling in Wilsons disease, X-linked recessive muscular dystrophies, myotonic dystrophy and other neuromuscular disorders, Huntingtons chorea and hereditary ataxias.

  17. [From Paul Flechsig to the Paul Flechsig Institute for Brain Research. Development of brain research at the Karl Marx University].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leibnitz, L; Werner, L; Schober, W; Brauer, K

    1977-04-01

    A review is given on the development of the brain research institute of the Karl-Marx-University of Leipzig during the directorates of Paul Flechsig (1883-1920), Richard Arwed Pfeifer (1925-1957), and Wolfgang Wünscher (1957-1971).

  18. [Territorial differences in the occurrence of caries in Karl Marx Stadt children and adolescent after 12 years of water fluoridation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Künzel, W

    1976-01-01

    Cariostatistical comparisons made since the start of drinking-water fluoridation in Karl-Marx-Stadt suggested territorial differences in the prevalence of dental decay. In the present paper an attempt is made to analyse the problems involved, with due consideration being given to both demographic and ecological factors.

  19. Understanding the Relationships Between Lightning, Cloud Microphysics, and Airborne Radar-derived Storm Structure During Hurricane Karl (2010)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reinhart, Brad; Fuelberg, Henry; Blakeslee, Richard; Mach, Douglas; Heymsfield, Andrew; Bansemer, Aaron; Durden, Stephen L.; Tanelli, Simone; Heymsfield, Gerald; Lambrigtsen, Bjorn

    2013-01-01

    This study explores relationships between lightning, cloud microphysics, and tropical cyclone (TC) storm structure in Hurricane Karl (16 September 2010) using data collected by the NASA DC-8 and Global Hawk (GH) aircraft during NASA's Genesis and Rapid Intensification Processes (GRIP) experiment. The research capitalizes on the unique opportunity provided by GRIP to synthesize multiple datasets from two aircraft and analyze the microphysical and kinematic properties of an electrified TC. Five coordinated flight legs through Karl by the DC-8 and GH are investigated, focusing on the inner-core region (within 50km of the storm center) where the lightning was concentrated and the aircraft were well coordinated. GRIP datasets are used to compare properties of electrified and nonelectrified inner-core regions that are related to the noninductive charging mechanism, which is widely accepted to explain the observed electric fields within thunderstorms. Three common characteristics of Karl's electrified regions are identified: 1) strong updrafts of 10-20ms21, 2) deep mixed-phase layers indicated by reflectivities.30 dBZ extending several kilometers above the freezing level, and 3) microphysical environments consisting of graupel, very small ice particles, and the inferred presence of supercooled water. These characteristics describe an environment favorable for in situ noninductive charging and, hence, TC electrification. The electrified regions in Karl's inner core are attributable to a microphysical environment that was conducive to electrification because of occasional, strong convective updrafts in the eyewall.

  20. FILSAFAT ILMU KARL R. POPPER DAN THOMAS S. KUHN SERTA IMPLIKASINYA DALAM PENGAJARAN ILMU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Slamet Subekti

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses about philosophy of science according to Karl R. Popper and Thomas S. Kuhn. There are similarities and differences between their views about how progress and what function of science.Apparently both Popper and Kuhn agree that science does not proceed by induction. However Kuhn disagrees with the view that science progresses by falsifiability through conjectures and refutations, but occurance by paradigm shift. Popper and Kuhn’s disagreement amounted to a distinction between two functions within the practice of science, one of criticism (Popper and one of puzzle solving (Kuhn.Science education implies the teaching and learning of science interesting and fruitful in one hand, and teachers should be role models to students in the other hand

  1. Study of the magnetic spectrograph BIG KARL on image errors and their causes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Paul, D.

    1987-12-01

    The ionoptical aberrations of the QQDDQ spectrograph BIG KARL are measured and analyzed in order to improve resolution and transmission at large acceptance. The entrance phasespace is scanned in a cartesian grid by means of a narrow collimated beam of scattered deuterons. The distortions due to the nonlinear transformation by the system are measured in the detector plane. A model is developed which describes the measured distortions. The model allows to locate nonlinearities in the system responsible for the observed distortions. It gives a good understanding of geometrical nonlinearities up to the fifth order and chromatical nonlinearities up to the third order. To confirm the model, the magnetic field in the quadrupoles is measured including the fringe field region. Furthermore, nonlinearities appearing in ideal magnets are discussed and compared to experimental data. (orig.) [de

  2. Historical consciousness and existential awareness in Karl Barth’s hermeneutics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G.M.M. Pelser

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available Karl Barth’s hermeneutic legacy prolonged Western Christian tradition, especially influenced by Hegelian philosophy of history. This led to Barth’s “theological exegesis” instead of a historic-critical exegesis. In a preceding article Barth’s understanding of the notion “hermeneutic circle” is discussed against the background of the Enlightenment and its counter-movement in Romanticism. In this article Barth’s attitude to the place and role of historical criticism is explained in light of his dialectic distinction between “scientific” and “practical” interpretation. The article aims to show that Barth, with his dialectics, continues Schleiermacher’s realism. In conclusion, the positivistic traits in the Barth legacy are raised once again, in order to open the door to Jürgen Habermas and other deconstructionist thinkers of the postmodern era in hermeneutics.

  3. Paul Karl Feyerabend: The Projections of Theoretical Proliferation in the Relation Science-Metaphysics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Teresa Gargiulo de Vázquez

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The Paul Karl Feyerabend’s doctrine of theoretical proliferation has been interpreted by his experts as an attempt to preserve the ideal of scientific progress. This hermeneutics describes, in part, the intention of our philosopher. However, this reading does not explain the fundamental criticism that theoretical pluralism supposes for Feyerabend. The theoretical proliferation is itself a reductio ad absurdum of the attempts of logical positivism and critical rationalism to define science at the expense of the metaphysical. This article presents the theoretical proliferation as a vindication of the positive role that the metaphysical plays in scientific practice. We expose the Feyerabend’s defense of metaphysics inasmuch as it is constitute the possibility to overcome the conceptual conservatism, to increase empirical content of science and to recover the descriptive value of scientific theories.

  4. Simple Modification of Karl-Fischer Titration Method for Determination of Water Content in Colored Samples

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tavčar, Eva; Turk, Erika; Kreft, Samo

    2012-01-01

    The most commonly used technique for water content determination is Karl-Fischer titration with electrometric detection, requiring specialized equipment. When appropriate equipment is not available, the method can be performed through visual detection of a titration endpoint, which does not enable an analysis of colored samples. Here, we developed a method with spectrophotometric detection of a titration endpoint, appropriate for moisture determination of colored samples. The reaction takes place in a sealed 4 ml cuvette. Detection is performed at 520 nm. Titration endpoint is determined from the graph of absorbance plotted against titration volume. The method has appropriate reproducibility (RSD = 4.3%), accuracy, and linearity (R 2 = 0.997). PMID:22567558

  5. Simple Modification of Karl-Fischer Titration Method for Determination of Water Content in Colored Samples

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eva Tavčar

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The most commonly used technique for water content determination is Karl-Fischer titration with electrometric detection, requiring specialized equipment. When appropriate equipment is not available, the method can be performed through visual detection of a titration endpoint, which does not enable an analysis of colored samples. Here, we developed a method with spectrophotometric detection of a titration endpoint, appropriate for moisture determination of colored samples. The reaction takes place in a sealed 4 ml cuvette. Detection is performed at 520 nm. Titration endpoint is determined from the graph of absorbance plotted against titration volume. The method has appropriate reproducibility (RSD=4.3%, accuracy, and linearity (2=0.997.

  6. Simple modification of karl-Fischer titration method for determination of water content in colored samples.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tavčar, Eva; Turk, Erika; Kreft, Samo

    2012-01-01

    The most commonly used technique for water content determination is Karl-Fischer titration with electrometric detection, requiring specialized equipment. When appropriate equipment is not available, the method can be performed through visual detection of a titration endpoint, which does not enable an analysis of colored samples. Here, we developed a method with spectrophotometric detection of a titration endpoint, appropriate for moisture determination of colored samples. The reaction takes place in a sealed 4 ml cuvette. Detection is performed at 520 nm. Titration endpoint is determined from the graph of absorbance plotted against titration volume. The method has appropriate reproducibility (RSD = 4.3%), accuracy, and linearity (R(2) = 0.997).

  7. Natural Selection or Problem Solving. Critical Re-evaluation of Karl Popper's Evolutionism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Boldachev Alexander

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Among the philosophers and the educated audience the name of Sir Karl Popper is usually associated with the critical method, evolutionary epistemology, falsification as a criterion for the demarcation of scientific knowledge, the concept of the third world and with his dislike to dialectics and contradictions. This article is aimed to show in what way all these things are connected in the evolutionary researches of the philosopher and the new conceptions, which he contributed to studying the mechanisms of evolution. Also there is an attempt to comprehend the evolutionary views of Popper, test them for falsification, relate his epistemology with his claims, which he puts forward to the theory of objective knowledge evolution and show the obvious contradiction between them.

  8. Proposal for the ion optics and for the kinematical fitting at the magnetic spectrograph BIG KARL

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hinterberger, F.

    1986-01-01

    For the magnetic spectrograph BIG KARL the installation of an additional quadrupole lens is purposed. From this the possibility of a telescopic ion optic results. For future experiments a standard focusing with a spatial dispersion of 6.6 m and vanishing angular dispersion is proposed. The D/M ratio (dispersion/magnification) extends to 14.0 m, the maximal spatial angle lies at 3 msr. The energy range extends at a focal plane length of 0.66 m to 20%. For the kinematical fitting of the spectrograph the focal plane is shifted. This shift can be simply and rapidly realized for different K values by means of a software correction, if generally two spatial spectra in the focal plane are taken up. By this additionally for each event the actual scattering angle can be determined with relatively good resolution. The dispersion fit is completely decoupled from the kinematical fitting of the magnetic spectrograph. (orig.) [de

  9. Hermeneutic and Teleology in Ethics across Denominations—Thomas Aquinas and Karl Barth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacqueline Stewart

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available This study arises from the context of current debates in the Catholic Church on the place of rule and law in moral reasoning. I suggest that ethics may be best served by approaches that place the human subject in a teleogical context and that recognise the need for interpretation of circumstances surrounding actions to be evaluated. This is in contrast to normative rule approaches. The insights retrieved from the account of moral reasoning in Thomas Aquinas by Joseph Selling are compared with an account of the ethical implications of Karl Barth’s theology of hope as expressed in Volume Four of the Church Dogmatics. It is concluded that, in an ecumenical convergence, neither propose a normative rule approach. Rather both use a teleological context and require a hermeneutic of evaluation.

  10. Rationalism and traditionalism in politics. The correspondence between Karl R. Popper and Michael Oakeshott

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Spartaco Pupo

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The correspondence of 1948 between Karl Popper and Michael Oakeshott, translated for the first time in Italian and published in the appendix to this paper, demonstrates the existence of two different ways of thinking about politics: the rationalist approach, founded on the “argumentation” as a rational means for the non-violent solution of problems (Popper, and the traditionalist mode, inspired by the method of “conversation” as a guarantee of constant openness to the diversity of identities (Oakeshott. To rise from the letters is a mutual influence on the interpretation of the key concepts that characterize the thought of the two authors, which however does not cancel the fundamental divergence of their political orientation.

  11. Sir Peter Medawar: science, creativity and the popularization of Karl Popper

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calver, Neil

    2013-01-01

    Sir Peter Medawar was respected by scientists and literati alike. It was perhaps not surprising, then, that he would choose to involve himself in the ‘two cultures’ debate of 1959 and beyond. The focus of his intervention was the philosophy of Sir Karl Popper. However, Medawar's Popper was not the guru of falsification familiar from philosophy textbooks. Medawar's distinctive interpretation of Popper treated him instead as the source of insights into the role of creativity and imagination in scientific inquiry. This paper traces the context for Medawar's adoption of Popperian philosophy, together with its application before the debate. It then examines, within the context of the debate itself, the way in which Medawar attempted to reconcile scientific inquiry with literary practice. Medawar became increasingly convinced that not only was induction epistemologically unsound, but it was also damaging to the public role of the scientist. His construction of Popperianism would, he envisaged, provide a worthy alternative for scientists’ self-image.

  12. Karl Popper: La explicación en la disciplina histórica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Holbein Giraldo-Paredes

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available En el siguiente artículo se revisan los argumentos enunciados en la obra La miseria del historicismo, en la cual Karl Popper realiza una crítica a la concepción historicista emanada de la filosofía de autores como Platón, Hegel y Marx. Crítica que realiza aludiendo a argumentos de orden epistemológico, para demostrar que el modelo nomológico deductivo de la explicación no aplica a la disciplina histórica, y en este sentido negando una de las tesis más fuertes que él había defendido toda su vida: la del monismo metodológico o unificacionismo metodológico de la ciencia, heredada del positivismo lógico.

  13. Bacteriological findings in patients with bone marrow transplantation (Karl Marx University Leipzig, 1985-1987).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wonitzki, C; Hoffmann, F A

    1989-01-01

    The results of the bacteriological surveillance cultures for 26 patients with bone marrow transplantation (Karl Marx University Leipzig, G.D.R., 1985-1987) are presented. 5.9% of all surveillance cultures contained facultatively pathogenic germs (with Pseudomonas aeruginosa as the most frequent representative, which was the reason of a sepsis in two patients). Coagulasenegative Staphylococci and other germs with an obscure pathogenicity were isolated upon a large scale, especially from the mucous membrane regions. There are hints, that above all special strains of coagulasenegative Staphylococci "colonize" the patient's body (also for longer periods) and turn into the blood too. During the total decontamination intestinal anaerobic flora is absent. After closing of total decontamination Clostridium perfringens is the first detectable anaerobic species. During the selective decontamination systemic applications of antibiotics are able to obliterate anaerobic findings for certain periods. Recommendations for an effective arrangement of the surveillance cultures of bone marrow transplantation patients are given.

  14. Clever Hans and his effects: Karl Krall and the origins of experimental parapsychology in Germany.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Sio, Fabio; Marazia, Chantal

    2014-12-01

    Shortly before the outbreak of World War I, the so-called Elberfeld horses, the counting and speaking animals, were among the most debated subjects of the newborn comparative psychology. Yet, they have left little trace in the historiography of this discipline, mostly as an appendix of the more famous Clever Hans. Their story is generally told as the prelude to the triumph of reductionistic experimental psychology. By paying a more scrupulous attention than has so far being done to the second life of Hans, and to the endeavours of his second master, Karl Krall, this article explores the story of the Elberfeld horses as an important, if so far neglected, chapter in the history of experimental parapsychology. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  15. ["Homesickness and crime"--a contribution of Karl Jaspers to criminal psychology].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bachhiesl, Sonja Maria

    2009-01-01

    Even a century after its first publication in "Archives of Criminology" (in German: Archiv für Kriminologie), the doctoral thesis of Karl Jaspers (1883-1969), which was newly edited in 1996, continues to be of interest. Although the crimes described by Jaspers, which took place in a rural area, do no longer occur in this form just as the rural culture itself has disappeared, this paper nevertheless contains reflections that may also be relevant for the interpretation of modern potentials of conflict and violence and crimes rooted therein. The former homesickness has developed into novel phenomena of uprooting. In both cases, problems of maladjustment are a contributing factor to crime motivation. Thus despite all terminological and methodological change, Jaspers' thesis is an example for the continuing relevance of certain subjects in criminological discourse.

  16. "On cyclic insanity" by Karl Ludwig Kahlbaum, MD: a translation and commentary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baethge, Christopher; Salvatore, Paola; Baldessarini, Ross J

    2003-01-01

    Karl Ludwig Kahlbaum (1828-1899) spent most of his professional career as director of a private psychiatric sanatorium in Germany. He remains influential for introducing his "clinical method" (based on considering the course of an illness as well as the signs and symptoms) of differential diagnosis of specific psychiatric syndromes and urging abandonment of the more unitary views of psychotic disorders favored by the leading German academic theorists of his time. Kahlbaum's approach to nosology, detailed in an 1863 monograph and other works, strongly influenced Kraepelin's views. However, remarkably few of the important writings of this keen clinical observer are available in English translation. His seminal lecture-essay "On Cyclic Insanity" [Uber cyklisches Irresein] of 1882 is translated into English here for the first time, with comments about its place in the history of the evolution of the concept of bipolar disorder, including its position as a link between Falret's folie circulaire and Kraepelin's manic-depressive insanity.

  17. El huracán Karl: concepciones sobre su origen en una comunidad de Veracruz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arturo Marinero Heredia

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Se analizan las concepciones e ideas de pobladores adultos sobre las afectaciones sufridas por el huracán Karl en 2010, en el municipio de La Antigua, Veracruz. Los datos se obtuvieron de entrevistas a informantes claves y grupos focales, además de la revisión de notas periodísticas. Se observa que las concepciones e ideas sobre el origen del desastre las adjudican a las fuerzas naturales, espirituales o religiosas sin reconocer la responsabilidad de las autoridades encargadas de elaborar políticas públicas en la materia y en la falta de previsión social y personal frente a sus devastadores efectos. Esta concepción dificulta la prevención, mantiene a la comunidad en situación de vulnerabilidad e impide o imposibilita la integración, la cohesión social y la acción colectiva.

  18. O modelo de Karl Popper sob a ótica das Ciências Sociais Aplicadas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milton de Abreu Campanario

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-8077.2012v14n32p124 Karl Popper é o principal filósofo da ciência na modernidade, disputando com Thomas Kuhn a primazia de interpretação do método científico. Claramente há diferentes visões para uma leitura desse importante autor que cunhou o método chamado de dedutivo com teste. O texto reconhece a relevância da visão de Karl Popperno desenvolvimento de trabalhos científicos das ciências exatas e biológicas, onde é amplamente aceita. No entanto, nota-se que essa formulação é pouco sistematizada na área das ciências sociais aplicadas. Este é um ensaio que busca resgatar a sua contribuição, numa tentativa de traduzir os conceitos por ele desenvolvidos de forma didática. Para tanto, será feita uma introdução aos fundamentos da ciência como forma específica de conhecimento, buscando contrastar os métodos dedutivo e indutivo e os procedimentos da ciência formal, básica e aplicada. Uma tentativa de classificar a formulação de proposições a serem testadas ou falseadas é feita com a utilização de diferentes critérios, utilizando exemplos da administração e da economia para ilustração.

  19. Readers and academic reading of Karl Marx (São Paulo, 1958-1964

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    Lidiane Soares Rodrigues

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Ideas, books and concepts of Karl Marx and various Marxist authors was incorporated into scientific and cultural institutions. It is one of the political sphere importation into the academic implying sense of speed in relation to its origins and gave to Marxism, through the practices of the agents of this transfer, support for their preservation, dissemination and transformation. Concurrently, there is the incorporation of these lines to the required reading of the humanities and the repertoire of cultivated layers. Examination of appropriations that academic and cultured elites made of Marx, situate them (such work and such elites, institutionally. This is what this article does. Arguing that the legitimacy of the uses of a tradition result not only of their intrinsic value, but the work oriented agents interested in it, is elected an exemplary experience for research. This article looks at two university groups initially focused on the study of Karl Marx's work, made in the late 1950. It begins by proposing a collective biography, the reading program and the various uses they made of them. To refine the analysis and proof the advocated method selects for vertical take, within a group (the first one and a discipline (sociology, two contrasting trajectories (Fernando Henrique Cardoso and Octavio Ianni and various forms Marxism (theoretical and empirical / dominant and dominated. Finally, it discusses the profits propitiated to have operated with three concepts of cultural sociology: habitus, « field » and « patterns of intention » – taken from the works of Pierre Bourdieu and Michael Baxandall.

  20. Reflections on Sven-Eric Liedman’s Marx-Biography “A World to Win: The Life and Works of Karl Marx”

    OpenAIRE

    Christian Fuchs

    2018-01-01

    The English translation of Sven-Eric Liedman’s Marx-biography A World to Win: The Life and Works of Karl Marx was published two weeks before Marx’s bicentenary. This article presents reflections on Liedman’s book and asks how one should best write biographically about Marx. The paper compares Liedman’s biography to the Marx-biographies written by Jonathan Sperber (Karl Marx: A Nineteenth-Century Life) and Gareth Stedman-Jones (Karl Marx: Greatness and Illusion). A biography is a way of repeat...

  1. [Natural science vs. natural philosophy: Friedrich Theodor von Frerichs and the emergence of modern western medicine in the 19th century].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hansen, Werner

    2016-12-01

    The beginnings of modern western medicine reach to about 1800 when under the liberating influence of French Revolution observation of diseases was started to follow more scientifically justified criteria. At that time speculative doctrines prevailed, e. g. those set up natural philosopher Schelling. In this context Internist Friedrich Theodor von Frerichs at Berlin Charité University Hospital gained great merits because of his struggle for a scientifically-based experimental clinical medicine. This is demonstrated nicely in a recently found autograph document. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  2. Visão de Vidal de La Blache a respeito de Friedrich Ratzel / Vidal de La Blache’s view of Frederic Ratzel

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    Rui Ribeiro de Campos

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available For a long time, Vidal de la Blache was considered an opponent of Friedrich Ratzel’s ideas, especially in Brazil. Analysis of several Vidal’s texts has shown that it did not exist and that Ratzel had a important influence in some of the French geographer conceptions. This is the fact that the article aims to detach, besides exposing the reasons of putting this “rivalry” and analyzing Vidal’s writings to demonstrate this last one’s respect for the Prussian geographer conceptions.

  3. [The German physician and pacifist Georg Friedrich Nicolai (1874-1964) as a pupil of the Russian physiologist Ivan Petrovic Pavlov (1849-1936)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kästner, Ingrid

    2005-01-01

    In 1906, Dr. med. Georg Friedrich Nicolai, a young specialist in the field of electrocardiography from the university of Berlin, spent some months in the laboratory of Pavlov, where he was one of the first German visitors. Two letters written by Nicolai to Pavlov are a mirror of Nicolai's admiration for the brilliant Russian Nobel prize winner, but also of Nicolai's remarkable insight into the perspectives of Pavlov's physiological method for "objective" psychological investigations. Nicolai regarded himself a pupil of Pavlov until his death in South America, where he was forced to emigrate after World War I due to his pacifist activities.

  4. To 130-th birthday anniversary of Friedrich Tsander (1887-1933): Ten new Russian books in Astrodynamics as the honorable contribution to his memory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Polyakhova, E. N.; Ovchinnikov, M. Yu.; Tikhonov, A. A.

    2018-05-01

    Short bibliographic review of several books on Astrodynamics written in Russian is outlined in frame of the scientific legacy of Friedrich Tsander (1887-1933). He was the outstanding soviet engineer, inventor and scientist who lived in Moscow in 1920s. Our review concerns only ten books edited and published in 2000-2017. We consider these books as the necessary honorable contribution to Tsander's memory to the 130-th Anniversary of his birthday. We outline several sections as follows: New translations to Russian, Textbooks and Educational Issues, Scientific Monograph on Astrodynamics, Electrodynamics and Magnetism in Space, Solar Sailing Dynamics.

  5. Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900): a classical case of mitochondrial encephalomyopathy with lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes (MELAS) syndrome?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koszka, Christiane

    2009-08-01

    Friedrich Nietzsche was one of the most influential and profound German philosophers. After prolonged illness, he died at the age of 55 in Weimar, Germany. The interest in his medical biography has always been strong while the cause of his illness and death has remained a mystery, intriguing philosophers as well as physicians. The diagnosis of syphilis proposed in the 19th century has been controversial until today and many other diagnoses have been discussed. This paper suggests that Nietzsche suffered from mitochondrial encephalomyopathy with lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes syndrome.

  6. Reflections on Sven-Eric Liedman’s Marx-Biography “A World to Win: The Life and Works of Karl Marx”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian Fuchs

    2018-05-01

    Full Text Available The English translation of Sven-Eric Liedman’s Marx-biography A World to Win: The Life and Works of Karl Marx was published two weeks before Marx’s bicentenary. This article presents reflections on Liedman’s book and asks how one should best write biographically about Marx. The paper compares Liedman’s biography to the Marx-biographies written by Jonathan Sperber (Karl Marx: A Nineteenth-Century Life and Gareth Stedman-Jones (Karl Marx: Greatness and Illusion. A biography is a way of repeating a person’s life, works and age in a process of reconstruction and retelling. The question that arises is how to write a biography as a dialectical text. Sven-Eric Liedman: A World to Win: The Life and Works of Karl Marx. London: Verso, London, 2018. 768 pages., £35.00 hbk. ISBN 9781786635044

  7. Héroe trágico, nociones de catarsis y de destino en tres textos teóricos de Friedrich Hölderlin

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    David Eduardo Alvarado Archila

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available En el siguiente artículo analizaré en primer lugar cómo Friedrich Hölderlin (1770-1843 se distancia de la Poética de Aristóteles al proponer la figura del héroe trágico como fundamento de la tragedia en Grund zum Empedokles [Fundamento para el Empédocles], Annmerkungen zum Oedipus [Comentarios sobre Edipo] y Anmerkungen zum Antigonae [Comentarios sobre Antígona]. En segundo lugar, examinaré la noción de “catarsis” que concibe este poeta alemán en dichos tratados. Finalmente, estudiaré la noción de destino que se formula en los Comentarios en relación con las posibilidades de realización de la tragedia en la época moderna. This article analyzes first how Friedrich Hölderlin (1770-1843 distances himself from Aristotle’s Poetics by positing the figure of tragic hero as the foundation of tragedy in the Grund zum Empedokles [Basis of Empedocles], Annmerkungen zum Oedipus [Remarks on Oedipus], and Anmerkungen zum Antigonae [Remarks on Antigone]. Secondly, the article explores the concept of "catharsis" that the German poet puts forward in these essays. Finally, it discusses the concept of fate in the Remarks, in relation with the possibilities of tragedy in modern times.

  8. SURRENDER TO LIFE - A Systematic Theological Analysis of Human Kenosis in Karl Rahner’s Thoughts, with Reference to Ignatian Spirituality

    OpenAIRE

    Røsok, Ingvild

    2011-01-01

    In this thesis I have investigated the transcendental theology of Karl Rahner, in order to find a theological basis for understanding the concept of kenosis as a following of Christ. Ignatian spirituality was then explored to deepen the understanding and to point to the consequences of such an understanding of kenosis. The research question was: How do the transcendental theology and the Ignatian spirituality of Karl Rahner contribute to an understanding of kenosis as a following of Christ?

  9. Carl Friedrich Gauss -60 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    was born into the family of Gebhard Dietrich Gauss, a bricklayer at the German town of ... Duke Carl Wilhelm Ferdinand of Brunswick to demonstrate .... the asteroid Ceres. For about ... impossibility of making constant scale maps of the Earth.

  10. Friedrich Puksoo auhind

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1997-01-01

    Kaljo-Olev Veskimäele rmt. "Nõukogude unelaadne elu : tsensuur Eesti NSV-s ja tema peremahed" eest, ära märgiti Arvo Teringi töö "Descartes ja tema ideede jõudmine Baltimaile 17. saj. ja 18. saj. algul"

  11. Carl Friedrich Gauss -60 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    job. Despite his fame, his financial position still depended on the stipend from the Duke of Brunswick. To make matters ... conquering the world had brought him up to Brunswick. It appeared ... In 1809 after a third delivery his wife passed away ...

  12. [Anorexia nervosa in light of Karl Jaspers and Erich Fromm's ideas and social constructivism--hypotheses and thoughts].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Talarczyk, Małgorzata

    2012-01-01

    The point of the article is to analyse and reflect on certain symptoms of anorexia nervosa in light of Karl Jaspers and Erich Fromm's ideas and social constructivism. Contemplating the disorder in view of the philosophical ideas mentioned earlier, the author analyses such aspects of patients as: functioning on the verge of life and death, the paradoxical struggle to escape from freedom in search of independence, as well as various understandings and descriptions of anorexia in consideration of social constructivism. The author shares thoughts and poses hypotheses, trying to view anorexia in light of selected philosophical and psychological ideas, which in their general assumptions were not concerned with defining nor analysing anorexia nervosa. In view of Karl Jaspers' ideas, the author focuses on the so called 'limit-situations', in the ideas of Erich Fromm she takes notice in "Escape from Freedom" to new relations. Finally in the light of social constructivism the author focuses on the cultural context.

  13. Volume Measurements of Laser-generated Pits for In Situ Geochronology using KArLE (Potassium-Argon Laser Experiment)

    Science.gov (United States)

    French, R. A.; Cohen, B. A.; Miller, J. S.

    2014-01-01

    The Potassium-Argon Laser Experiment( KArLE), is composed of two main instruments: a spectrometer as part of the Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) method and a Mass Spectrometer (MS). The LIBS laser ablates a sample and creates a plasma cloud, generating a pit in the sample. The LIBS plasma is measured for K abundance in weight percent and the released gas is measured using the MS, which calculates Ar abundance in mols. To relate the K and Ar measurements, total mass of the ablated sample is needed but can be difficult to directly measure. Instead, density and volume are used to calculate mass, where density is calculated based on the elemental composition of the rock (from the emission spectrum) and volume is determined by pit morphology. This study aims to reduce the uncertainty for KArLE by analyzing pit volume relationships in several analog materials and comparing methods of pit volume measurements and their associated uncertainties.

  14. [Management of functional sterility using clomiphene and cyclophenyl at the Karl-Marx-Stadt District Hospital Gynecologic Clinic].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neubert, S; Melzer, H

    1977-01-01

    We report on 39 barren patients suffering from anovulatory cycle disturbances or corpus luteum inadequacies. Them were given treatment in the Gynecological Hospital of Karl-Marx-Stadt County at Karl-Marx-Stadt in the past few years and were administered Clomiphendihydrogencitrate or Cyclophenyl to provoke ovulation. Before and during therapy, the total of estrogenes and pregnanediol were determined in the 24h-urine every two days. The clinical data and the results of the hormone investigations were analysed, and an attempt was made to derive a forecast from the estrogene and pregnanediol secretion so as to be able to form an opinion on the positive or negative result of the treatment.

  15. [Experiences and results in hypertension screening in women between 20 and 65 years of age in Karl-Marx-City].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Voigt, G; Börker, G; Edelmann, S; Hartung, A; Hartung, G; Heyne, S; Töpfer, V

    1980-11-15

    From 1975 to 1979 in the district of the City of Karl-Marx-Stadt 91,130 females at the age between 20 and 65 years were summoned to a gynaecologico-cardiological mass examination which was supported by computer. 56,460 females underwent the examination. According to the WHO-criteria two measurements of blood pressure were carried out, when increased blood pressure was present a third one and a fourth one by an examination group. A diagnostic standard programme was used. In the second measurement of blood pressure we established 19.8% of patients with hypertension and 28.6% patients with borderline values. 52.8% of the hypertensions were known. Of 10,685 females with known or established hypertension 10.1% underwent an optimum therapy. On the basis of these results a programme for the fight against hypertension was developed for the county Karl-Marx-Stadt.

  16. Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) and Karl Köller (1857-1944) and the discovery of local anesthesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    dos Reis, Almiro

    2009-01-01

    The understanding, occasionally recognized, that Sigmund Freud had the intuition to use cocaine as local anesthetic for surgical procedures, or even that he played any role in the discovery of local anesthesia is not true. The objective of Freud's studies were different, and based in irrefutable evidence, Karl Köller was the real inventor of local anesthesia. In face of those facts, proper knowledge of this historically important subject is due. This report refers to the long-known properties of cocaine. It also remembers personal data, and the professional and scientific activities of Sigmund Freud and Karl Köller. It presents Freud's researches on the pathophysiological effects of cocaine. It exposes the reasons for the harsh criticism of Freud's concepts. It describes the sudden, but conscious and justified, idea of Karl Köller to study scientifically the use of cocaine as a local anesthetic in animals and humans. It indicates how those pioneering studies, that culminated with the discovery of local anesthesia by Köller and two presentations in Vienna on the subject, were done. It also reports the first ophthalmologic surgery under local anesthesia. It shows the immediate dissemination throughout the world of the discovery that marked the beginning of regional blocks. It comments several documents corroborating the role of Köller in this discovery. And, finally, it mentions the numerous homages received by Köller in different areas of the world. COCLUSIONS: Regional block was introduced by Karl Köller in 1884, when he demonstrated the feasibility of performing painless ophthalmologic surgeries by using cocaine as a local anesthetic. Sigmund Freud studied cocaine extensively, but he did not have direct participation in this important discovery.

  17. Early East Asian art history in Vienna and its trajectories: Josef Strzygowski, Karl With, Alfred Salmony

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julia Orell

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In 1912 Josef Strzygowski founded the ‘Section for East Asian Art History’ at the University of Vienna, which attracted many students who would continue their careers in museums and at universities and thus established East Asian art history as an academic field. This paper examines these early art historical engagements with East Asian art: First, I discuss the role of East Asian art in Strzygowski’s agenda of broadening art history’s geographical scope beyond Europe and in his argument about the dominance of ‘Nordic’ artistic traditions in Europe and in Asia. Secondly, I introduce the work of two early students at the ‘Section for East Asian Art History’ in Vienna, Karl With and Alfred Salmony. Their respective approaches to East Asian art exemplify a range of methodological concerns of their time, from stylistic narratives, the concept of ars una, comparative frameworks, to ideas about cultural or national ‘purity’ in the arts, and an interest in cross-cultural adaption and transformation of motifs and symbolism.

  18. Determination of water traces in various organic solvents using Karl Fischer method under FIA conditions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dantan, N; Frenzel, W; Küppers, S

    2000-05-31

    Flow injection methods utilising the Karl Fischer (KF) reaction with spectrophotometric and potentiometric detection are described for the determination of the trace water content in various organic solvents. Optimisation of the methods resulted in an accessible (linear) working range of 0.01-0.2% water for many solvents studied with a typical precision of 1-2% R.S.D. Only 50 mul of organic solvent was injected and the sampling frequency was about 120 samples per h. Since the slopes of the calibration curves were different for different solvents appropriate calibration was required. Problems associated with spectrophotometric detection and caused by refractive index changes were pointed out and a nested-loop configuration was proposed to overcome this kind of interference. The potentiometric method with a novel flow-through detector cell was shown to surpass the performance of spectrophotometric detection in any respect. The characteristics of the procedures developed made them well applicable for on-line monitoring of technical solvent distillations in an industrial plant.

  19. Crisis y dignidad: un paseo con Karl Kraus por la plaza Tahrir

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alex Escamilla Imparato

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Los últimos acontecimientos revolucionarios surgidos en el mundo árabe, así como los movimientos sociales de indignación frente a los abusos de poder del mercado y la degradación de la vida democrática, están promoviendo nuevas formas distribuidas y horizontales de resistencia y actuación política en defensa de lo común, mediante un uso comprometido y libertario de las mismas herramientas tecnológicas que han servido para globalizar la economía nanciera y reducir lo político a una gestión técnica del poder. En el texto se pretende recuperar la mirada crítica de Karl Kraus, entendiendo que sus diagnósticos y sus profecías -también su sátira- pueden servirnos ahora para desactivar un poder absolutamente privatizado y en crisis.

  20. A Way Forward Beyond Karl Popper's and Donald T. Campbell's Dead-End Evolutionary Epistemologies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wettersten, John

    2016-01-01

    Theories of natural thought processes have traditionally served as foundations for philosophies of science. The source of all knowledge is passively received observations; these are combined to produce certain knowledge. After David Hume showed that this was not possible, deductivist alternatives, that is, theories that find a source of knowledge in ideas not derived from observations, from Immanuel Kant to William Whewell in the mid-1 9th century, were introduced. In response, traditional associationist and inductivist views were refurbished; a deductivist alternative was developed by the W6rzburg School. Much later Karl Popper in philosophy and Donald T. Campbell in psychology integrated this view with evolutionary theory. Campbell wanted thereby to find a justificationist view, which would reduce philosophy of science to cognitive psychology; Popper rejected both justificationism and the reduction of philosophy of science to psychology. Campbell thought all rational processes were innate psychological processes; Popper thought psychological processes were used to develop various rational processes. Campbell could not show that all rational thought was reducible to innate psychological processes, nor how some justification of scientific theories was possible. Popper could not show how evolutionary theory contributed to our knowledge of psychological thought processes. Both failed to observe that cognitive processes are social; people have learned how to think by learning how to interact in social groups seeking understanding. When innate thought processes are studied as social characteristics, evolutionary theory can contribute to both cognitive psychology and the theory of rationality, as both Popper and Campbell wanted it to do.

  1. Prison break: Karl Menninger's The Crime of Punishment and its reception in U.S. psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Devonis, David C; Triggs, Jessica

    2017-02-01

    In 1968, Karl Menninger, a highly visible and vocal U.S. psychiatrist, published a call to action on prison reform, The Crime of Punishment (Menninger, 1966/1968). This widely circulated book's central idea is that punishment as practiced in penal settings is an injustice amounting to a crime. At the outset, The Crime of Punishment quickly achieved national attention. Within mainstream psychology, its antipunishment message encountered a changed climate in which punishment, thought ineffective during the period 1930 through 1960, was redefined as an effective component in learning. It also met competition from the contemporaneous Stanford Prison Experiment (Haney, Banks, & Zimbardo, 1973), which quickly rose to equivalent media presence and superior disciplinary prominence. Both the Stanford Prison Experiment and The Crime of Punishment survived in the antireform era of hyperincarceration after 1974 as parallel examples of reform activism, one secular and one religious in character, illustrating some convergences of aim between psychology and psychiatry outside of specifically clinical issues. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved).

  2. A Historical Survey of Sir Karl Popper's Contribution to Quantum Mechanics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    William M. Shields

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Sir Karl Popper (1902-1994, though not trained as a physicist and embarrassed early in his career by a physics error pointed out by Einstein and Bohr, ultimately made substantial contributions to the interpretation of quantum mechanics. As was often the case, Popper initially formulated his position by criticizing the views of others - in this case Niels Bohr and Werner Heisenberg. Underlying Popper's criticism was his belief that, first, the Copenhagen interpretation of quantum mechanics abandoned scientific realism and second, the assertion that quantum theory was complete (an assertion rejected by Einstein among others amounted to an unfalsifiable claim. Popper insisted that the most basic predictions of quantum mechanics should continue to be tested, with an eye towards falsification rather than mere adding of decimal places to confirmatory experiments. His persistent attacks on the Copenhagen interpretation were aimed not at the uncertainty principle itself and the formalism from which it was derived, but at the acceptance by physicists of an unclear epistemology and ontology that left critical questions unanswered. Quanta 2012; 1: 1–12.

  3. Philosophy and Theology in Karl Barth’s Neo-Orthodoxy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pylaev Maksim

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available In the proposed article the author explores the concept of God’s Word in theocentric theology of K. Barth and theology of early K. Barth in times of the second edition of 'Romans’, in terms of their philosophy founding. The author compares the block of philosophical and theological topics such as the theory of temporality, dialectic concept of the beginning (Ursprung and other types in philosophical discourses used by K. Barth (platonism, neo-Kantianism, existentialism, scholasticism, phenomenological philosophy and others with theology of K. Barth. The article gives a brief reconstruction of the theology of God’s Word by K. Barth in its two complementary projections as presented in the ‘Sketch of Christian Doctrine’ and ‘Dogma of the Church’. During the presentation the reader is well acquainted with the third projection of the concept of God’s Word by K. Barth at the time of the genesis of the book ‘Fides quaerens intellectum’. The article tests the hypothesis that the second edition of the ‘Romans’, ‘Fides quaerens intellectum’ and ‘Sketch of the Christian Dogma’ with ‘Church Dogma’ explicate the form of Christian theology, which, absorbing primarily the important philosophic achievements of 19–20th centuries, yet tries to stay free of them. Using various forms of philosophical discourses Karl Barth implements his own task of building a Christian theology beyond metaphysics, history and human existence.

  4. Karl Barth’s male-female order: A kingpin of dogmatic disparity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yolanda Dreyer

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available Karl Barth’s gender perspective is often analysed with reference to his so-called “theoethics” or “creational theology”. This perspective perpetuates an asymmetry in gender relations that was prevalent in Biblical times, throughout Christianity and to some extent still is visible today. He based his view on the subordination of women on an exegesis of Genesis 1:27 as “intertext” of Ephesians 5:22-23. Barth’s asymmetrical gender perspective is a product of his embedment in Western Christian tradition which in turn, is rooted in early Christian patriarchal theology. The aim of this article is to focus on Barth’s ontological reframing of the traditional understanding of the Biblical notion of human beings as created in the “image of God”. The article consists of four sections: (a Luther’s and Calvin’s gender perspectives; (b the Enlightenment failure to achieve emancipation; (c gender disparity in Reformed theology; and (d a feminist alternative.

  5. Karl Polanyi e a Nova Sociologia Económica: Notas sobre o conceito de (disembeddedness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nuno Miguel Cardoso Machado

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available No contexto da Nova Sociologia Económica, Karl Polanyi é quase consensualmente considerado o “pai” do conceito de incrustação (embeddedness. Todavia, este conceito foi alvo de uma apropriação selectiva por parte da disciplina, sendo negligenciada a sua relação com o restante edifício teórico construído por Polanyi. Pode, com efeito, falar‑se de uma “grande transformação” sofrida pelo conceito de incrustação: se em Polanyi ele está associado a um nível macro(económico e é utilizado para evidenciar o carácter excepcional da economia capitalista de mercado – que se encontra desincrustada da sociedade –, na NSE, por seu turno, é normalmente associado a um nível meso (e até micro, sendo preconizado que todas as economias – incluindo a capitalista – estão incrustadas.

  6. Karl Gustaf Torsten Sjögren and the Sjögren-Larsson syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khalid Al Aboud

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Karl Gustaf Torsten Sjögren (1896-1974 a Swedish psychiatrist and geneticist, was a pioneer of modern Swedish psychiatry. Sjögren studied medicine at the University of Uppsala. From 1932 to 1935, he was Head Physician and Director of Lillehagen Hospital in Gothenburg, and between 1935- 1945, he was physician-in-chief at the psychiatric department of Sahlgrenska Hospital in Gothenburg. Sjögren was professor of psychiatry at Karolinska Institutet from 1945 to 1961 and was elected to the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in 1951. Sjögren was an expert of psychiatry for the World Health Organization. Among his many contributions to medicine, he is credited for describing several medical conditions, which were later named after him, including Graefe- Sjögren syndrome, Marinesco-Sjögren syndrome, and Sjögren-Larsson syndrome (SLS. During his work on juvenile amaurotic idiocy, Sjögren forged a collaboration with Tage K.L. Larsson, a statistics lecturer at the University of Lund. Their study on the combination of oligophrenia, congenital ichthyosis, and spastic disorders in 1957 established the clinical and genetic profile of a new disease entity, later known as Sjogren-Larsson syndrome (SLS.

  7. Ivan Karamazov’s rebellion in Albert Camus’ and Karl Jaspers’ interpretations

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    Urszula Lisowska

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to present Albert Camus’ and Karl Jaspers’ interpretations of Ivan Karamazov’s rebellion as the diagnoses of the weakness of the human intellect in confrontation with the world and the criticism of rationalism. Therefore, in the introduction I will present those fragments of the novel that characterize Ivan’s rebellion as highly abstract and theoretical. At the same time, this common literary context serves as the ground for reconstruction and comparison of the basic philosophical assumptions of each author. The intention of the remaining part of the paper is, firstly, to reconstruct A. Camus’ and K. Jaspers’ epistemology and, secondly, to analyse the arguments against Ivan’s attitude formulated by the writers. Their criticisms of the protagonist’s excessive trust in intellect is based on their own concepts of human epistemic capacity, which are related to the problems of the absurd in A. Camus’ and transcendence in K. Jaspers’ writings. The question of nihilism demands analysis of A. Camus’ idea of the nature of rebellion as both affirmative and negative, and of K. Jaspers’ notion of faith as pre-intellectual trust. Finally, their criticisms of the slogan “If there is no God, then anything is allowed” introduces the problem of freedom, which allows the comparison of the concepts of solidarity (A. Camus and communication (K. Jaspers. In the conclusion these two philosophical attitudes are discussed together. Keywords: ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;

  8. Sir Karl Popper (1902-1994): in memoriam, 15 years later.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Notturno, Mark Amadeus

    2009-12-01

    September 17th, 2009 marks the 15th anniversary of Sir Karl Popper's death. Popper was an outspoken champion of critical rationalism, and a constant critic of authoritarian tendencies in science and society. He was also one of the spiritual founders of this journal and served on its first editorial advisory board. Popper was recognized around the world as one of the 20th century's greatest philosophers of science and one of its most articulate and influential critics of Marxism and closed society. When he died, the contemporary wisdom among professional philosophers was that his philosophy was generally right-but somehow obsolete. Some commentators said that it was now obvious that scientific theories cannot be shown to be true. Others said that we had witnessed the end of history and that his critique of closed societies, while no doubt important in its day, had been fully assimilated into Western thinking and still had meaning, if at all, only for the democracies in transition that were trying to emerge from the former Soviet Union. But 15 years after his death, a look at science and society around the world gives us good reason to remember his philosophy.

  9. Rheumatoid arthritis is caused by Proteus: the molecular mimicry theory and Karl Popper.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ebringer, Alan; Rashid, Tasha

    2009-06-01

    Rheumatoid arthritis is a crippling and disabling joint disease affecting over 20 million people. It occurs predominantly in women and smokers, and affects the HLA-DR1/4 individuals who carry the "shared epitope" of amino acids EQRRAA. The cause of this disease was investigated by the methods of the philosopher of science Karl Popper who suggested that scientific research should be based on bold conjectures and critical refutations. The "Popper sequences" generate new facts which then change or alter the original problem. The new facts must then be explained by any new theory. Using the "molecular mimicry" model, it was found that Proteus bacteria possess an amino acid sequence ESRRAL in haemolysin which resembles the, shared epitope, and another sequence in urease which resembles type XI collagen. Antibodies to Proteus bacteria have been found in 14 different countries. It would appear that rheumatoid arthritis is caused by an upper urinary tract infection by Proteus bacteria. Anti-Proteus therapy should be assessed in the management of this disease separately or in conjunction with existing modalities of therapy.

  10. [Note on the epistemology of clinical pharmacology: comparison with the approach of Karl Popper].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boissel, J P

    1999-01-01

    Is clinical pharmacology a science or only an application of science? Karl Popper suggested a method to identify science and to sort it out from other logical activities such as metaphysics, whereby the falsification criterion he proposed can apply to the theory in such a way that the theory could be refuted. The clinical pharmacologist's approach requires the build-up of a therapeutic model on the basis of two other models: the physiopathologic and the pharmacological. The three-model construct is a theory. Is it scientific in the Popperian sense? From the therapeutic model, one can predict the efficacy of a drug, and the corresponding statement is tested by a clinical trial. Whatever the original statement, it is modified into a refutable one because of the use of the statistical approach in clinical trials. Furthermore, the predicate represents a hypothesis of the model validity, which will then be confronted with 'reality' through clinical experiment. As the therapeutic model is refutable, clinical pharmacology is a science in the Popperian sense.

  11. Karl Popper versus Theodor Adorno: lições de um confronto histórico

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    Angela Ganem

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Karl Popper versus Theodor Adorno: Lessons from a historical confrontation. In 1961, during the Congress of the German Society of Sociology, two great theoretical references of the XX century faced in a historical debate about the logic of the social sciences. In addition to methodological issues strict sense, the confrontation became known as a debate between positivism and dialectic. The article first deals with the theoretical trajectories of Popper and Adorno and the relation of their theories with their political and ideological certainties. On one hand, the trajectory of the Popperian epistemology is examined, its contributions and vigorous attacks on Marx in what he called 'poverty of historicism" and false predictive Marxist world, and, on the other hand, the role of Adorno in the Frankfurt School, his criticism of totalitarianism and the defense of a critical emancipatory reason. The article also deals with the confrontation itself, the exposure of Popper's twenty-seven theses that culminate with the situation logic and the method of the economy as exemplary for the social sciences and Adorno's critical perspective of sociology and society as non-separable objects. In conclusion we show how the articulation of theory with the weltanschauung of each author helps to clarify the terms of the debate and how the confrontation contributed unequivocally to the dynamics of scientific progress and for the critical history of the ideas.

  12. Tom McCarthy, Karl Marx, and the Money on the Books

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    Nicholas Huber

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available By way of contrast to recent work on the problematic of representation of capital and its prioritized aesthetic mode, visuality, this article addresses the problematic of mediation in financialized capitalism through an attention to the relationship between writing and contemporary money forms. To elaborate this problematic, mediation is deployed methodologically as well: selections from two bodies of work concerned with capitalist monetary phenomena—those of Karl Marx and the novelist Tom McCarthy—are analyzed in parallel. McCarthy’s 'oeuvre' is presented as preoccupied with monetary-inscriptive techniques and pockmarked by Marxian concepts and concerns. It is argued that 'Remainder', specifically, can be read as theorizing the relationship between money and writing under early 21st-century regimes of finance capital through its elaboration of retail loyalty accounts and the multivalent concept of ‘remainder’ or ‘surplus’. The article reads this theorization against neglected sections of Marx’s second volume of 'Capital' in which money is enigmatically treated from the perspective of bookkeeping.

  13. Karl Andrée (1880-1959) sedimentologist and marine geologist

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dullo, Wolf-Christian; Pfaffl, Fritz A.

    2017-09-01

    Karl Andrée began studying questions of sedimentology and oceanography in 1908 when working as an assistant at the University of Marburg and he remained faithful to these subjects until his death in 1959. The vast majority of his scientific contributions, however, were published during his time at the University of Königsberg (1915-1945). There he published his fundamental papers on marine geology, all of which adhered strictly to the principles of uniformitarianism, and helped improve our understanding of sedimentary processes and the stratigraphic record. His scientific work has enormous breadth. In the course of 55 years, he published 124 individual papers and books, some of which became classic textbooks. His versatility is particularly evident in his book "Geology of the Seafloor", which contains many pertinent observations and descriptions still relevant today, even if it has fallen out of fashion. This scientist and university teacher was the first to successfully present the huge field of marine geology in all its facet and to consider the deposition of marine sediments as a function of their geographical distribution.

  14. Karl Ove Knausgård’s My Struggle and the Serial Self

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    Inge van de Ven

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes Karl Ove Knausgård’s six-volume autobiography My Struggle in the frame of an emerging cross-medial aesthetics of the ‘serial self’. This aesthetics is informed by the technological potentialities of digital media, and by social media practices like taking a selfie or posting a blog every single day and accumulating these self-representations, without selection. The serial self is marked by continuity, real-time effects, open-endedness, rhythm, repetition, and a thematic attention to the mundane. It can be discerned in the daily comic strip, the daily selfie, and time-lapse cinema. The article embeds My Struggle in this larger, intermedial framework. Moreover, it refers to the work of psychologist Galen Strawson to argue that the self-representations in Knausgård’s work should be understood as episodic rather than diachronic in nature. This results in a sequential and paratactic, rather than causal and hierarchical, presentation of memorial material. It is claimed that serial self-representations of this type are increasingly central to our current media ecology. They offer a valuable medium for investigating, materializing, and mapping on the page the traces left by the passage of time, as serialization lends itself to performative and cumulative representations of a ‘self’ in flux, that dramatize and perform the struggles of the episodic personality in search for continuity.

  15. Post vom weißen Tyrannen: Erste kommunikations- und mediengeschichtliche Monographie zu Friedrich Melchior Grimms ‚Correspondance littéraire‘ – Kirill Abrosimovs ‚Aufklärung jenseits der Öffentlichkeit‘

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jonas Hock

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Kirill Abrosimov, Aufklärung jenseits der Öffentlichkeit: Friedrich Melchior Grimms ‚Correspondance littéraire‘ (1753–1773 zwischen der „république des lettres“ und europäischen Fürstenhöfen (Ostfildern: Thorbecke, 2014.

  16. [St. Petersburg und Livland - und die Entwicklung der estnischen Literatur : Anton Schiefner (1817-1879) und Friedrich R. Kreutzwald (1803-1882) im Briefwechsel (1853-1879)] / Felix Köther

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Köther, Felix

    2015-01-01

    Arvustus: St. Petersburg und Livland - und die Entwicklung der estnischen Literatur : Anton Schiefner (1817-1879) und Friedrich R. Kreutzwald (1803-1882) im Briefwechsel (1853-1879) / bearbeitet von Hartmut Walravens. Wiesbaden : Harrassowitz, 2013. (Orientalistik-Bibliographien und Dokumentationen ; Bd. 22)

  17. Carl Friedrich von Weizsaecker - a physicist and philosopher in the shade of the nuclear bomb. A conversation on nuclear weapons and the responsibility of nuclear scientists

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Schaaf, M.

    1996-06-01

    The 50th anniversary of the first nuclear explosion (16th July 1945) prompted the editor of this collection to look again at the part played by German physicists in the nuclear weapons issue. Carl Friedrich von Weizsaecker, one of the last surviving witnesses of this period, kindly agreed to give a comprehensive interview on the German nuclear programme and the responsibility of physicists. The interview is published here for the first time and forms the central part of this brochure. It is complemented by two statements by Edward Teller and two historical letters. The author, in preparing this compilation, had in mind to contribute towards science-historical discussion and to give younger colleagues a graphic idea of the conflict surrounding nuclear research. (orig.) [de

  18. ["The hard core". Science between politics and philosophy by Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker and in the finalization theory].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krohn, Wolfgang

    2014-01-01

    In the Starnberg Max-Planck Institute one of the working groups was concerned with science as the formative condition--or "hard core"--of societal modernity, and with science as potential resource for solving social problems and addressing future goals. More precisely, the group intended to differentiate between phases in which scientific disciplines predominantly care for their own paradigmatic completion and those allowing their theoretical potential resonate with external needs. The conceptual model was coined "finalization in science". It soon provoked a heated controversy on the dangers of social control of science. The paper analyses Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker's views on the relation between philosophy and policy of science including his interpretation of Thomas Kuhn and reconstructs the impact of his ideas on the finalization model. It finally reflects on the relationship between science development and change of consciousness in the context of scientific responsibility for (the use of) research outcomes.

  19. KARL JASPERS’ INTELLECTUAL BIOGRAPHY OR EXPERIENCE OF HISTORICAL RESEARCH OF PHILISOPHER’S LIFE AND WORK

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    Султана Гильмидиновна Кцоева

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to a such genre of historical research as intellectual biography. In it in practice (with reference to the person of outstanding German scientist Karl Jaspers are considered the basic methods, applied during the process of preparation of the intellectual biography, the circle of research problem is defined, typical for the given direction and their specific character is explained. Special attention is given to interdisciplinary as the basic condition of a successful scientific work on the given direction of intellectual history. A number of problems is listed in the article with which the historian, making the intellectual biography, anyway faces. The necessity of overcoming highly specialized scientific frames during the preparation of the intellectual biography becomes abundantly clear as it is impossible to understand the historical determinates of foldings of the whole system of scientific outlook of the intellectual without the reference to the system analysis of its scientific views, without immersing to the sphere of his professional interests which, as is known, can be far from history. The specified fact is the main reason for criticism of the direction of intellectual history from the adherents of “pure” history. The author defines a circle of research problems, among which are: definition of a circle of the research problems, objectively rising before the historian-intellectualist, realization of the selection of methods of research, relevant to the solution of objectives, demonstration of a bright example of practical application of methods of interdisciplinary research within writing of the intellectual biography of Jaspers.

  20. Application of calcium, boron and sucrose on cut peony stems (Paeonia lactiflora Pall. cv. Karl Rosenfield

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    LOYOLA NELSON EDUARDO

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available

     

    In cut flowers, there must be clear guidelines for export, therefore, it is essential to proper postharvest management, to store the flowers for as long as possible in top condition, both for transit and vase life; in Chile there is very little knowledge about this operation. In order to address these questions, a study was conducted to evaluate the performance of postharvest life of the peony cultivar ‘Karl Rosenfield’, using four treatments: water, preharvest Borocal® with water, Borocal® with 100 g sucrose/L of water, and 100 g sucrose/L of water, some of which had Borocal® added preharvest and sucrose applied postharvest; evaluating four quality parameters in cut flowers: floral diameter, stem curvature, stem weight and vase life. The present study lasted 25 days, which was the total time of refrigerated storage. The results showed that peony stems with preharvest applications of Borocal® and postharvest applications of only water presented the highest values in terms of floral diameter, stem weight and particularly increased vase life, with no significant differences in stem curvature.

  1. Karl Polanyi, Athens and us: the contemporary significance of Polanyi's thought

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    Bernardo Stuhlberger Wjuniski

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Karl Polanyi is considered one of the most prominent social scientists of the 20th century. In his writings, an important concern was the relationship between the markets and the society (therefore, the state as a whole; to discuss it, he introduced the concept of "embeddedness", fundamental for his study of the origins and consequences of the Industrial Revolution. An important part of his heritage is the study of the economic history of what he called "ancient societies," especially of Classical Greece. Polanyi used these studies to compare the ancient societies with his own times, in an effort to understand them all. This paper aims to relate Polanyi's work on the Athenian society with his studies about the modern times, showing that it is possible to draw lessons from Polanyi's thought on the relationship between the society, the state and the market that can help to design a political agenda for our days. In the first part, we present the most important aspects o the life and work of Polanyi, and in the second we discuss the most important aspects of his worldview. Then, in the third part, we study his view of the early Athenian economy; mainly, we focus on the coexistence of a kind of state planning and a market, showing how this understanding is crucial for the whole Polanyian legacy, with its emphasis in the comparison of different societies and times. We conclude by underlining the relevance of this interpretation advanced by Polanyi to understand the societies of our days, focusing on some proposals to extend his approach to deal with our contemporary problems.

  2. El Marx de Dussel: Notas acerca de la recepción dusseliana de la obra teórica de Karl Marx The Marx of Dussel: Notes on dusselian receipt of the theoretical work of Karl Marx

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flavio Hernán Teruel

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available A partir de su exilio en México, a mediados de la década del setenta del siglo pasado, Enrique Dussel se entrega a la tarea de "leer seria y directamente" la obra teórica de Karl Marx producida entre los años 1857 y 1882. Al cabo de diez semestres de arduo trabajo, el resultado es una interpretación novedosa de las cuatro redacciones de El Capital. En efecto, ante los ojos de Dussel la obra maestra de Karl Marx se revela no solo como un tratado de economía sino antes bien como uno de antropología y ética. Marx, afirma Dussel, "deconstruye la economía capitalista críticamente y la reconstruye antropológica y éticamente". Asimismo, Dussel descubre que la producción teórica de Marx quedó inconclusa y, sobre todo, abierta a futuros desarrollos. Para el filósofo mendocino es necesario, en nuestro tiempo, no solo reinterpretar la totalidad de la obra de Marx sino también continuar su labor teórica, en especial desde América Latina, para el estudio del capitalismo periférico latinoamericano. Nuestro interés es indicar aquellos elementos que constituyen lo novedoso en la interpretación dusseliana de la obra teórica de Marx.From his exile in Mexico in the mid seventies of last century, Enrique Dussel is given the task of "reading seriously and directly" the theoretical work of Karl Marx produced between 1857 and 1882. After ten semesters of hard work, the result is a novel interpretation of the four drafts of The Capital. Indeed, in the eyes of Dussel, the masterpiece of Karl Marx is revealed not only as an economic treatise but rather as an anthropology and ethics. Marx "capitalist economy critically deconstructs and reconstructs anthropological and ethically". Moreover, Dussel finds that the theoretical yield of Marx was inconclusive and, above all, open to future developments. For the philosopher is needed in our time, not only reinterpret the whole work of Marx but also to continue his theoretical work, especially from Latin

  3. “DET UFERDIGES KRAFT” SOM LITTERÆR VERDI HOS KNUT HAMSUN OG KARL OVE KNAUSGÅRD

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    Sissel Furuseth

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available In the essay “Sjelens Amerika” [“The America of the Soul”], Karl Ove Knausgård claims that the reason why we still perceive Knut Hamsun’s novels as fresh and present is because they display our own modern world in its very creation, at a time when it was full of “the power of the unfinished” and not yet stiffened in accomplished systems. In this article, I argue that the idea of “the power of the unfinished” is an aesthetic category describing the core of a poetics common to Knausgård and Hamsun.

  4. Sigmund Freud (1856-1939 e Karl Köller (1857-1944 e a descoberta da anestesia local Sigmund Freud (1856-1939 y Karl Köller (1857-1944 y el Descubrimiento de la anestesia local Sigmund Freud (1856-1939 and Karl Köller (1857-1944 and the Discovery of local anesthesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Almiro dos Reis Jr

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available JUSTIFICATVA E OBJETIVOS: O entendimento por vezes admitido de que Sigmund Freud teve a intuição de utilizar a cocaína como anestésico local para intervenções cirúrgicas, ou mesmo de que ele tenha tido algum papel na descoberta da anestesia local não é verídico. Os objetivos das pesquisas de Freud eram outros e o verdadeiro realizador da descoberta foi Karl Köller, sobre o que há argumentos irrefutáveis. Diante desses fatos, tem importância histórica o conhecimento correto da questão. CONTEÚDO: O texto refere-se às propriedades há muito conhecidas da cocaína. Recorda dados pessoais, atividades profissionais e científicas de Sigmund Freud e de Karl Köller. Apresenta as pesquisas de Freud sobre efeitos fisiopatológicos observados com a cocaína. Expõe as razões das duras críticas recebidas por Freud diante de conceitos por ele emitidos. Descreve a súbita, porém consciente e justificada idéia de Karl Köller de estudar cientificamente a cocaína como anestésico local em animais e seres humanos. Indica como foram realizadas as pesquisas pioneiras que culminaram com a descoberta da anestesia local por Köller e as duas exposições sobre esta, feitas em Viena. Relata a primeira intervenção cirúrgica oftalmológica sob anestesia local. Comprova a imediata difusão pelo mundo da descoberta que marcou o início da anestesia locorregional. Comenta numerosos documentos comprobatórios da prioridade de Köller na descoberta. Finalmente, menciona as numerosas homenagens recebidas por Köller em várias partes do mundo. CONCLUSÕES: A anestesia locorregional foi iniciada por Karl Köller em 1884, quando ele provou a possibilidade de praticar intervenções cirúrgicas oftalmológicas sem dor utilizando a cocaína como anestésico local. Sigmund Freud realizou muitas pesquisas sobre a cocaína, mas não participou diretamente do importantíssimo feito.JUSTIFICATIVA Y OBJETIVOS: Los que a veces se cree de que Sigmund Freud tuvo

  5. COLDz: KARL G. JANSKY VERY LARGE ARRAY DISCOVERY OF A GAS-RICH GALAXY IN COSMOS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lentati, L. [Astrophysics Group, Cavendish Laboratory, JJ Thomson Avenue, Cambridge CB3 0HE (United Kingdom); Wagg, J. [Square Kilometre Array Organisation, Jodrell Bank Observatory, Lower Withington, Macclesfield, Cheshire SK11 9DL (United Kingdom); Carilli, C. L. [National Radio Astronomy Observatory, Socorro, NM 87801 (United States); Riechers, D.; Sharon, C. [Department of Astronomy, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853 (United States); Capak, P.; Scoville, N. [California Institute of Technology, MC 105-24, 1200 East California Boulevard, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Walter, F.; Da Cunha, E.; Decarli, R. [Max-Planck Institute for Astronomy, D-69117 Heidelberg (Germany); Aravena, M. [Núcleo de Astronomía, Facultad de Ingeniería, Universidad Diego Portales, Av. Ejército 441, Santiago (Chile); Hodge, J. A. [National Radio Astronomy Observatory, Charlottesville, VA 22903 (United States); Ivison, R. J. [European Southern Observatory, Karl-Schwarzschild Strasse, D-85748 Garching bei Munchen (Germany); Smail, I. [Institute for Computational Cosmology, Department of Physics, Durham University, South Road, Durham, DH1 3LE (United Kingdom); Daddi, E. [CEA-Saclay, Service d' Astrophysique, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette (France); Dickinson, M. [National Optical Astronomy Observatory, 950 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85719 (United States); Sargent, M. [Astronomy Centre, Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Sussex, Brighton, BN1 9QH (United Kingdom); Smolčć, V., E-mail: ltl21@mrao.cam.ac.uk [University of Zagreb, Bijenicka cesta 32, HR-10002 Zagreb (Croatia)

    2015-02-10

    The broad spectral bandwidth at millimeter and centimeter wavelengths provided by the recent upgrades to the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array (VLA) has made it possible to conduct unbiased searches for molecular CO line emission at redshifts, z > 1.31. We present the discovery of a gas-rich, star-forming galaxy at z = 2.48 through the detection of CO J = 1-0 line emission in the COLDz survey and through a sensitive, Ka-band (31-39 GHz) VLA survey of a 6.5 arcmin{sup 2} region of the COSMOS field. We argue that the broad line (FWHM ∼ 570 ± 80 km s{sup –1}) is most likely to be CO J = 1-0 at z = 2.48, as the integrated emission is spatially coincident with an infrared-detected galaxy with a photometric redshift estimate of z {sub phot} = 3.2 ± 0.4. The CO J = 1-0 line luminosity is L{sub CO}{sup ′}=(2.2±0.3)×10{sup 10} K km s{sup –1} pc{sup 2}, suggesting a cold molecular gas mass of M {sub gas} ∼ (2-8) × 10{sup 10} M {sub ☉} depending on the assumed value of the molecular gas mass to CO luminosity ratio α{sub CO}. The estimated infrared luminosity from the (rest-frame) far-infrared spectral energy distribution (SED) is L {sub IR} = 2.5 × 10{sup 12} L {sub ☉} and the star formation rate is ∼250 M {sub ☉} yr{sup –1}, with the SED shape indicating substantial dust obscuration of the stellar light. The infrared to CO line luminosity ratio is ∼114 ± 19 L {sub ☉}/(K km s{sup –1} pc{sup 2}), similar to galaxies with similar SFRs selected at UV/optical to radio wavelengths. This discovery confirms the potential for molecular emission line surveys as a route to study populations of gas-rich galaxies in the future.

  6. In Situ Dating Experiments of Igneous Rocks Using the KArLE Instrument: A Case Study for Approximately 380 Ma Basaltic Rocks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cho, Yuichiro; Cohen, Barbara A.

    2018-01-01

    We report new K-Ar isochron data for two approximately 380 Ma basaltic rocks, using an updated version of the Potassium-Argon Laser Experiment (KArLE). These basalts have K contents comparable to lunar KREEP basalts or igneous lithologies found by Mars rovers, whereas previous proof-of-concept studies focused primarily on more K-rich rocks. We continue to measure these analogue samples to show the advancing capability of in situ K-Ar geochronology. KArLE is applicable to other bodies including the Moon or asteroids.

  7. Comparison between amperometric and true potentiometric end-point detection in the determination of water by the Karl Fischer method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cedergren, A

    1974-06-01

    A rapid and sensitive method using true potentiometric end-point detection has been developed and compared with the conventional amperometric method for Karl Fischer determination of water. The effect of the sulphur dioxide concentration on the shape of the titration curve is shown. By using kinetic data it was possible to calculate the course of titrations and make comparisons with those found experimentally. The results prove that the main reaction is the slow step, both in the amperometric and the potentiometric method. Results obtained in the standardization of the Karl Fischer reagent showed that the potentiometric method, including titration to a preselected potential, gave a standard deviation of 0.001(1) mg of water per ml, the amperometric method using extrapolation 0.002(4) mg of water per ml and the amperometric titration to a pre-selected diffusion current 0.004(7) mg of water per ml. Theories and results dealing with dilution effects are presented. The time of analysis was 1-1.5 min for the potentiometric and 4-5 min for the amperometric method using extrapolation.

  8. According to German Finance Minister Dr. Theodor Karl Helfferich “The Causes of of The First World War”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustafa ÇOLAK

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In history mankind has experienced the most devastating experience during the years of the First World War. This pre-war and war in the later stages of a decision taken individually, even thousands, even millions of lives have been directly or indirectly affected. Experiencing the process and outcome of the war rather than the causes of human history has so much more busy. Therefore, the cause of the war which works popularity continues even today. Concerning the reasons for the war period, written by the German Finance Minister Dr. Helfferich especially in England, including working with its allies in the war of public opinion in the state has led to many discussions concerning the reasons. Dr. Helfferich’s “The Beginning of Great War”; “German’s Case in The Supreme Court of Civilization”; was published under the title of The New York Times by the Fatherland company in 1915. Dr. Karl Helfferich’s study has been translated in different languages in following period. Keywords: Dr. Theodor Karl Helfferich, The First World War, Reşid Safvet Atabinen, Ottoman Empire, Germany.

  9. A teoria da interpretação jurídica de Hans Kelsen: uma crítica a partir da obra de Friedrich Müller

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    Nestor Castilho Gomes

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available O artigo analisa a teoria da interpretaçãojurídica de Hans Kelsen, apresentada na TeoriaPura do Direito, a partir da posição teóricade Friedrich Müller, isto é, a partir das críticasformuladas pela Teoria Estruturante do Direito.Demonstrar-se-á como a distinção entre ser edever-ser, traço fundamental do projetoepistemológico kelseniano, influenciou a teoriada interpretação por ele proposta. Outrossim, opresente trabalho expõe em detalhes a teoria dainterpretação jurídica de Kelsen para, posteriormente,efetuar um inventário das críticas que lhesão formuladas, tendo como fio condutor a obrade Friedrich Müller, sem prejuízo da abordagemde outros autores.Abstract: The article examines the theory of legalinterpretation as presented by Hans Kelsen onhis “Pure Theory of Law”, under the criticalapproach of Friedrich Müller, on his “StructuringTheory of Law” [Strukturiende Rechstslehre].The article shall demonstrate how Kelsen’sdistinction between sein [being] and sollen [shouldbe] – as a fundamental feature of hisepistemological project – influenced the theoryof interpretation he proposed. Also, this workpresents in detail the theory of legal interpretationof Kelsen to thereafter make an inventory of criticsformulated about it, under the guideline from worksof Friedrich Müller, besides the approach of otherauthors.

  10. [Living without atomic power? Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker as expert in the nuclear energy debate of the 1970's].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seefried, Elke

    2014-01-01

    Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker crossed the boundaries separating science, politics and the public sphere. In this he was led by the conviction that scientists in the modern 'technical age' are responsible for consequences resulting from their applied knowledge. Weizsäcker tried to introduce his knowledge into the policy process by advising politicians or by using the public sphere, thus applying pressure on politics. This was not only true for the 'Göttinger Erklärung' in 1957 but also for his engagement in the nuclear energy debate of the 1970s. Influenced by the 'Limits to Growth' discourse, Weizsäcker more and more gravitated towards an ecological world view and increasingly questioned material growth as well as a techno-scientific based understanding of progress. Weizsäcker thought about risks of the technical age in general and of the use of nuclear energy in particular. In the light of a growing fragmentation of scientific authority, Weizsäcker revealed uncertainty as he became fully aware that expertise cannot be based on scientific reason and cannot code the problems in terms of truth, but is inextricably linked with value spheres and contingencies. Nevertheless, his expertise was utilized as he encouraged parts of the Social Democratic Party (SPD) around Erhard Eppler to think about alternatives in energy policy.

  11. KARL: A Knowledge-Assisted Retrieval Language. Presentation visuals. M.S. Thesis Final Report, 1 Jul. 1985 - 31 Dec. 1987

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dominick, Wayne D. (Editor); Triantafyllopoulos, Spiros

    1985-01-01

    A collection of presentation visuals associated with the companion report entitled KARL: A Knowledge-Assisted Retrieval Language, is presented. Information is given on data retrieval, natural language database front ends, generic design objectives, processing capababilities and the query processing cycle.

  12. Natureza e liberdade: a questão ética a posição indeterminista de Karl Popper

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Eduardo de Oliveira

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes the indeterministic view of the epistemology of Karl Popper. Since the unit understanding of Critical Rationalism, as epistemology and political philosophy at the same time, the article shows in what sense the Popper's proposal reveals an ethical issue of broad scope and interest in contemporary philosophy, particularly in the analysis of the crisis of modern scientism.

  13. Eripedagoogid ootavad poliitilisi otsuseid / Plado, Kaja; Karlep, Karl; Ostrat, Ain; Maila, Meelika; Binsol, Hene; Kontor, Ana; küsitlenud Martin Krõlov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Eripedagoogide vestlusringis osalevad: Tartu Ülikooli eripedagoogika osakonna juhataja Kaja Plado, emeriitdotsent pedagoogikadoktor Karl Karlep, Tartu Kroonuaia Kooli direktor Ain Ostrat ja õppealajuhataja Meelike Maila, Tartu Hiie Kooli õppealajuhataja Hene Binsol ning Tartu Nõustamis- ja õpiabi keskuse juhataja Ana Kontor

  14. Curved spaces before Einstein: Karl Schwarzschild's cosmological speculations and the beginnings of relativistic cosmology (German Title: Gekrümmte Universen vor Einstein: Karl Schwarzschilds kosmologische Spekulationen und die Anfänge der relativistischen Kosmologie)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schemmel, Matthias

    In contrast to most of his collegues in astronomy and physics, the German astronomer Karl Schwarzschild immediately recognized the significance of general relativity for physics and astronomy, and played a pioneering role in its early development. In this contribution, it is argued that the clue for understanding Schwarzschild's exceptional reaction to general relativity lies in the study of his prerelativistic work. Long before the rise of general relativity, Schwarzschild occupied himself with foundational problems on the borderline of physics, astronomy, and mathematics that, from today's perspective, belong to the field of problems of that theory. In this contribution, the example of Schwarzschild's early speculations about the non-Euclidean nature of physical space on cosmological scales is presented and their reflection in his reception of general relativity is discussed.

  15. Rezension von: Karl Lenz, Marina Adler: Geschlechterverhältnisse. Einführung in die sozialwissenschaftliche Geschlechterforschung Band 1. Weinheim u.a.: Juventa Verlag 2010. — Karl Lenz, Marina Adler: Geschlechterbeziehungen. Weinheim u.a.: Juventa Verlag 2011.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heike Kahlert

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Karl Lenz und Marina Adler orientieren sich in ihrem zweibändigen Lehrbuch zur sozialwissenschaftlichen Geschlechterforschung an der etablierten Unterscheidung zwischen Makro- und Mikrosoziologie. Im ersten Band werden theoretische Perspektiven der Geschlechterforschung und unterschiedliche Zusammenhänge zu Kultur nachgezeichnet sowie zentrale Themenfelder einer Sozialstrukturanalyse der Geschlechterordnung fokussiert, nämlich Recht, Politik, Bildung und Arbeit. Im zweiten Band stehen neben der Sozialisation ausgewählte Erträge der mikrosoziologischen Geschlechterforschung im Zentrum, nämlich Körper, Sexualität, persönliche Beziehungen, Devianz und Gewalt. In dieser überfälligen, informativen, sorgfältig recherchierten, aber auch vergleichsweise traditionellen und empirisch orientierten Einführung wird die Geschlechterforschung zwar in einer breiteren Diversity-Forschung verortet, das Verhältnis von Diversität und Geschlecht leider aber nicht reflektiert.

  16. Genesis of Karl Popper's EPR-like experiment and its resonance amongst the physics community in the 1980s

    Science.gov (United States)

    Del Santo, Flavio

    2018-05-01

    I present the reconstruction of the involvement of Karl Popper in the community of physicists concerned with foundations of quantum mechanics, in the 1980s. At that time Popper gave active contribution to the research in physics, of which the most significant is a new version of the EPR thought experiment, alleged to test different interpretations of quantum mechanics. The genesis of such an experiment is reconstructed in detail, and an unpublished letter by Popper is reproduced in the present paper to show that he formulated his thought experiment already two years before its first publication in 1982. The debate stimulated by the proposed experiment as well as Popper's role in the physics community throughout 1980s is here analysed in detail by means of personal correspondence and publications.

  17. The Application of Karl Popper's Three Worlds Schema to Questions about Information in the Fields of Complexity, Cybernetics, and Informatics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul D. Nugent

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available More technically leaning disciplines such as informatics, complexity theory, and cybernetics often make simplifying assumptions about human beings and their causal/informational roles within larger techo-social systems. This paper employs the philosopher Karl Popper's three worlds schema to explore in depth the unique ways in which conscious human subjects process and create knowledge and information. The three worlds represent the physical world, the subjective world of the conscious subject, and the world of language, models, and schemas. The works of major philosophers are invoked to consider what makes conscious human subjects unique in the context of information systems. Context-based understandings, the expressive facet of consciousness, and experience-based valuing emerge as key themes that we believe could strengthen the fields of informatics, complexity theory, and cybernetics.

  18. [The Concept of Typology in Psychiatry in the Context of Historical Contributions of Max Weber and Karl Jaspers].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jäger, M; Becker, T; Wigand, M E

    2016-08-01

    Against the background of Max Weber's and Karl Jaspers' outstanding historical contributions to the conceptual development of different typologies, the importance of a psychiatric typology is examined. The term "ideal type" was introduced into social science by Weber as an analytical construct to describe and classify cultural phenomena. This concept was adopted for the psychiatric context by Jaspers who proposed to establish a typological system in the field of psychotic disturbances without an organic correlate. He emphasized the importance of the course of psychopathological symptoms for such a typological system. The concept of typology can be regarded as a promising heuristic approach in psychiatry, providing a classification system for complex psychopathological symptoms. Even though several historic typologies exist in psychopathology, their usefulness in the fields of therapy and prognosis needs to be critically assessed. Also, new typologies will have to be developed, taking into account neurobiological knowledge now available. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  19. Teología de la evolución (I): La autotrascendencia activa. Karl Rahner, 1961

    OpenAIRE

    Manuel G. Doncel

    2015-01-01

    Este artículo es el primero de una tríada en la que se presentarán tres intuiciones que creemos valiosas para elaborar hoy día una rica teología de la «creación en evolución» (las otras dos serán: 2. La llamada creativa trinitaria, según Karl Schmitz-Moormann, 1997, y 3. El Espíritu como fuente de novedad, según Denis Edwards, 2004). Quisiéramos entender, a nivel filosófico y teológico, esa «cosmo-bio-evolución» que es nuestra propia «mega historia». Comenzamos hoy por preguntarnos cómo expli...

  20. Human radiation studies: Remembering the early years. Oral history of hematologist Karl F. Hubner, M.D., December 30, 1994

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1995-09-01

    This report is a transcript of an interview of Dr. Karl F. Hubner by representatives of the US DOE Human Radiation Experiments. Dr. Hubner was selected for this interview because of his participation in the Oak Ridge Institute of Nuclear Studies(ORINS)/Oak Ridge Associated Universities(ORAU) Medical Division cancer therapy research program involving total body irradiation. After a short biographical sketch Dr. Hubner discusses his research in Bone Marrow Transplants, his participation in the development of Nuclear Medicine in Oak Ridge, use of the total body irradiation machine at the University of Tennessee School of Agriculture Animal Research Laboratory (later the Comparative Animal Research Laboratory or CARL) to deliver a high enough dose rate to destroy a patients immune system, the operation of a sterile environment for recovery of patients following bone- marrow transplantation, and the closing of the ORAU Medical Division's Clinical Program following a negative review. Finally, Dr. Hubner describes his later research using PET

  1. Resenha do livro: 'Ensayos de filosofia de la ciencia en torno a la obra de Sir Karl R. Popper'

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raquel Glezer

    1976-12-01

    Full Text Available (primeiro parágrafo do texto Este livro é uma coletânea de trabalhos apresentados no Simpósio sobre Fílosofia da Ciência, realizado em Burgos, entre 23 e 25 de setembro de 1968, em homenagem à Karl R. Popper. A finalidade do simpósio era a de permitir a discussão das idéias de Popper, as interpretações complementares e críticas feitas por diversos autores à essas idéias. A apresentação do livro escolhida foi a de publicar um artigo e o debate gravado sobre o artigo do autor com Popper e os outros participantes.

  2. Relação entre arte e política: sobre a carta de Friedrich Engels a Margaret Harkness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henrique Wellen

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi analisar a relação entre arte e política, baseada na concepção estética do triunfo do realismo, originalmente indicada por Friedrich Engels. Para isso, a fonte categórica e teórica central veio de uma carta em que este autor, apresentando uma crítica literária de uma obra de Margaret Harkness, fez comentários sugestivos sobre a especificidade da legalidade estética e como o escritor pode entender a autonomia da arte. Realizou-se o exame crítico e reflexivo de concepções artísticas de natureza idealista e naturalista, como forma de indicar seus limites em face do realismo estético. Nesse sentido, o artigo foi iniciado por uma alegoria sobre a relação entre os elementos estéticos e as determinações ideológicas e políticas que compõem essas concepções artísticas, a fim de demonstrar, de forma imaginária, essas implicações. No segundo momento, buscamos correlacionar, a partir de princípios teóricos e metodológicos mais sólidos, os pressupostos da crítica literária relacionados ao triunfo do realismo com exemplos artísticos derivados dessas outras perspectivas estéticas. Nestas análises, os escritores franceses Émile Zola e Honoré de Balzac, aparecem como exemplares de grande distinção no tratamento da reflexão estética e sua relação com a concepção política do artista.

  3. Kaks maastikuvaadet Karl Otto Gerhard von Kügelgenilt: romantismi kaja biidermeierlikus sarmis = Two Landscape Views by Otto Gerhard von Kügelgen: Echo of Romanticism in Biedermeier Charm / Kadi Polli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Polli, Kadi, 1973-

    2011-01-01

    2010. aastal Frankfurdis H. W. Fichteri kunstigaleriis müüki tulnud kümnest kunstiteosest, sh. Eesti Kunstimuuseumi poolt omandatud kahest Karl Otto Gerhard von Kügelgeni tööst. Franz Gerhard von Kügelgeni noorema poja Karl Otto Gerhard von Kügelgeni elust, loomingust ja tema akvarellidest "Perekond Vinni mõisas" ja "Rändur metsas"

  4. ENGELS, Friedrich. Do socialismo utópico ao socialismo científico. Tradução de Rubens Eduardo Frias. 2. ed. São Paulo: Centauro, 2005. 98 p.

    OpenAIRE

    Angélica Lima Melo; Clodomir Cordeiro de Matos Júnior

    2015-01-01

    Friedrich Engels nasceu em Barmen, Renânia, em 1820, e faleceu no ano de 1895. O autor e colaborador de Marx foi um dos teóricos que fundamentou o materialismo dialético enquanto fator condicionante da transformação histórico-social. Desse modo, podemos refletir a partir da obra “Do Socialismo Utópico ao Socialismo Científico” sobre as importantes contribuições da corrente de socialistas utópicos, assim como as conjunturas sociais que foram desencadeadas devido às influências dessa corrente....

  5. Mediaciones para un método de teología pastoral, a partir de la teología práctica de Karl Rahner

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alex Vigueras Cherres

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available A partir de una comprensión de la teología práctica de Karl Rahner como una teología pastoral en perspectiva escatológica, y teniendo como plano de fondo el problema del carácter teológico del análisis de la situación presente, presentamos algunas posibles mediaciones para un método de teología pastoral, a saber, mirar el futuro desde la "futuridad del presente", conocer desde los otros, la narratividad, la corporeidad y la "indiferencia".Based on understanding of Karl Rahner's practical theology as a pastoral theology in an eschatological perspective, and having as a background the theological problem of analyzing the present situation, we present some possible mediations for a pastoral theology method, namely, looking at the future from a "futurity of the present," knowing from others, narrative, corporeality and "indifference."

  6. Specificities of Sightseeing Foot Tour Arrangement for History Related Street with Regard to Karl Marx Street in the Town of Irkutsk

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kulakov, A. I.; Shishkanov, V. S.

    2017-11-01

    The paper is devoted to the preparation of an innovative foot itinerary for tourists in Karl Marx Street in the town of Irkutsk. Methodology on preparation of sightseeing tours has been analysed by the authors. The analysis of the methodology has facilitated selecting the criteria to classify the excursions as well as the criteria for assessing and shortlisting the objects for excursion exposure. Some chosen criteria being used in tour arrangement and certain specificities of tour preparation have been revealed which are characteristic particularly for Karl Marx Street as a history-related one. It is also proved in the paper that the itinerary prepared for tourists is in full correspondence with the key innovation objectives in tourism.

  7. The 'Big Karl' magnetic spectrometer - studies of the 103Ru transition nucleus with (d,p) and (p,d) reactions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Huerlimann, W.

    1981-04-01

    The paper describes the structure and characteristics of the spectrometer and its application in a study of the 102 Ru(d,p) 103 Ru and 104 Ru(p,d) 103 Ru reactions. The study is structured as follows: To begin with the theoretical fundamentals, ion-optical characteristics and layout of BIG KARL are described. Field measurements and analyses carried out on the magnets of the spectrometer are described as well as the functioning of the 'Ht correction coils' used here for the first time to prevent faulty imaging. Chapter IV then describes methods employed so far to optimize resolution for large aperture angles of the spectrometer. Finally, chapter V investigates the 103 Ru transition nucleons on the basis of the 102 Ru(d,p) 103 RU and 104 Ru(p,d) 103 Ru transfer reactions measured in BIG KARL. (orig./HSI) [de

  8. Human radiation studies: Remembering the early years: Oral history of health physicist Karl Z. Morgan, Ph.D., conducted January 7, 1995

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1995-06-01

    This report provided a transcript of an interview of Dr. Karl. Z. Morgan by representatives of the DOE Office of Human Radiation Experiments. Dr. Morgan was selected for this interview because of his research for the Manhattan Project at the Metallurgical Laboratory in Chicago and his work at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). The oral history covers Dr. Morgan's work as a pioneer in the field of Health Physics, his research at ORNL and his work since he retired from ORNL

  9. Efficiency of methods for Karl Fischer determination of water in oils based on oven evaporation and azeotropic distillation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larsson, William; Jalbert, Jocelyn; Gilbert, Roland; Cedergren, Anders

    2003-03-15

    The efficiency of azeotropic distillation and oven evaporation techniques for trace determination of water in oils has recently been questioned by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), on the basis of measurements of the residual water found after the extraction step. The results were obtained by volumetric Karl Fischer (KF) titration in a medium containing a large excess of chloroform (> or = 65%), a proposed prerequisite to ensure complete release of water from the oil matrix. In this work, the extent of this residual water was studied by means of a direct zero-current potentiometric technique using a KF medium containing more than 80% chloroform, which is well above the concentration recommended by NIST. A procedure is described that makes it possible to correct the results for dilution errors as well as for chemical interference effects caused by the oil matrix. The corrected values were found to be in the range of 0.6-1.5 ppm, which should be compared with the 12-34 ppm (uncorrected values) reported by NIST for the same oils. From this, it is concluded that the volumetric KF method used by NIST gives results that are much too high.

  10. BIG KARL and COSY: Examples for high performance magnet design taught by {open_quotes}Papa Klaus{close_quotes}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bechtstedt, U.; Hacker, U.; Maier, R.; Martin, S. [Institut fuer Kernphysik, Juelich (Germany); Berg, G.P.A. [Indiana Univ. Cyclotron Facility, Bloomington, IN (United States); Hardt, A. [Fachhochschule Aachen Juelich (Germany); Huerlimann, W. [Power Consulting Ltd., Baden (Switzerland); Meissburger, J. [Institut fuer angewandte Mathematik, Juelich (Germany); Roemer, J.G.M. [Leybold-Heraeus GmbH, Koeln (Germany)] [and others

    1995-02-01

    The past decades have seen a tremendous development in nuclear, middle, and high energy physics. This advance was in a great part promoted by the availability of newer and more powerful instruments. Over time, these instruments grew in size as well as in sophistication and precision. Nearly all these devices had one fundamental thing in common - magnetic fields produced with currents and iron. The precision demanded by the new experiments and machines did bring the magnet technology to new frontiers requiring the utmost in the accuracy of magnetic fields. The complex properties of the iron challenged innumerable physicists in the attempt to force the magnetic fields into the desired shape. Experience and analytical insight were the pillars for coping with those problems and only few mastered the skills and were in addition able to communicate their intricate knowledge. It was a fortuitous situation that the authors got to know Klaus Halbach who belonged to those few and who shared his knowledge contributing thus largely to the successful completion of two large instruments that were built at the Forschungszentrum Juelich, KFA, for nuclear and middle energy physics. In one case the efforts went to the large spectrometer named BIG KARL whose design phase started in the early 70`s. In the second case the work started in the early 80`s with the task to build a high precision 2.5 GeV proton accelerator for cooled stored and extracted beams known as COSY-Juelich.

  11. ISSUES OF LEGITIMIZING POLITICAL POWER IN THE FIRST HALF OF THE TWENTIETH CENTURY: MAX WEBER AND KARL JASPERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicolae IUGA

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The issue of legitimizing political power has specific dimensions determined by the historical context. In the period following the First World War, democratic regimes dramatically collapsed due to ample protest movements against the political establishment from different countries, but also as a result of a serious political legitimation crisis, thus making way for the rise of totalitarian regimes of Fascism and Nazism. That time debates on the problem of legitimization political power are symptomatic. Due to the general perception regarding corruption in politics and to the political incapacity to deal with social problems, we can witness a decrease of trust in contemporary democratic regimes.In order to exemplify, in a brief expositive manner, my paper will present the topic of political legitimation approached by Max Weber and Karl Jaspers, in a selection of relevant texts issued by both authors during 1919-1931. The aim of this paper is to highlight the actuality, the validity of Weber’s and Jasper’s statements and also their capacity to give pertinent responses to questions such as: What role do the common values play in the legitimating of power in a democratic society? Are there any kinds of limits regarding the electoral legitimation? How can we make the difference between a legitimate appeal and an illegitimate one, between civism and terrorism?

  12. Philosophy and phylogenetic inference: a comparison of likelihood and parsimony methods in the context of Karl Popper's writings on corroboration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Queiroz, K; Poe, S

    2001-06-01

    Advocates of cladistic parsimony methods have invoked the philosophy of Karl Popper in an attempt to argue for the superiority of those methods over phylogenetic methods based on Ronald Fisher's statistical principle of likelihood. We argue that the concept of likelihood in general, and its application to problems of phylogenetic inference in particular, are highly compatible with Popper's philosophy. Examination of Popper's writings reveals that his concept of corroboration is, in fact, based on likelihood. Moreover, because probabilistic assumptions are necessary for calculating the probabilities that define Popper's corroboration, likelihood methods of phylogenetic inference--with their explicit probabilistic basis--are easily reconciled with his concept. In contrast, cladistic parsimony methods, at least as described by certain advocates of those methods, are less easily reconciled with Popper's concept of corroboration. If those methods are interpreted as lacking probabilistic assumptions, then they are incompatible with corroboration. Conversely, if parsimony methods are to be considered compatible with corroboration, then they must be interpreted as carrying implicit probabilistic assumptions. Thus, the non-probabilistic interpretation of cladistic parsimony favored by some advocates of those methods is contradicted by an attempt by the same authors to justify parsimony methods in terms of Popper's concept of corroboration. In addition to being compatible with Popperian corroboration, the likelihood approach to phylogenetic inference permits researchers to test the assumptions of their analytical methods (models) in a way that is consistent with Popper's ideas about the provisional nature of background knowledge.

  13. First detection of thermal radio emission from solar-type stars with the Karl G. Jansky very large array

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Villadsen, Jackie; Hallinan, Gregg; Bourke, Stephen [Department of Astronomy, California Institute of Technology, 1200 E. California Ave., Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Güdel, Manuel [Department of Astrophysics, University of Vienna, Türkenschanzstrasse 17, A-1180 Vienna (Austria); Rupen, Michael, E-mail: jrv@astro.caltech.edu [National Radio Astronomy Observatory, Socorro, NM 87801 (United States)

    2014-06-20

    We present the first detections of thermal radio emission from the atmospheres of solar-type stars τ Cet, η Cas A, and 40 Eri A. These stars all resemble the Sun in age and level of magnetic activity, as indicated by X-ray luminosity and chromospheric emission in Ca II H and K lines. We observed these stars with the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array with sensitivities of a few μJy at combinations of 10.0, 15.0, and 34.5 GHz. τ Cet, η Cas A, and 40 Eri A are all detected at 34.5 GHz with signal-to-noise ratios of 6.5, 5.2, and 4.5, respectively. 15.0 GHz upper limits imply a rising spectral index greater than 1.0 for τ Cet and 1.6 for η Cas A, at the 95% confidence level. The measured 34.5 GHz flux densities correspond to stellar disk-averaged brightness temperatures of roughly 10,000 K, similar to the solar brightness temperature at the same frequency. We explain this emission as optically thick thermal free-free emission from the chromosphere, with possible contributions from coronal gyroresonance emission above active regions and coronal free-free emission. These and similar quality data on other nearby solar-type stars, when combined with Atacama Large Millimeter/Submillimeter Array observations, will enable the construction of temperature profiles of their chromospheres and lower transition regions.

  14. First detection of thermal radio emission from solar-type stars with the Karl G. Jansky very large array

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Villadsen, Jackie; Hallinan, Gregg; Bourke, Stephen; Güdel, Manuel; Rupen, Michael

    2014-01-01

    We present the first detections of thermal radio emission from the atmospheres of solar-type stars τ Cet, η Cas A, and 40 Eri A. These stars all resemble the Sun in age and level of magnetic activity, as indicated by X-ray luminosity and chromospheric emission in Ca II H and K lines. We observed these stars with the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array with sensitivities of a few μJy at combinations of 10.0, 15.0, and 34.5 GHz. τ Cet, η Cas A, and 40 Eri A are all detected at 34.5 GHz with signal-to-noise ratios of 6.5, 5.2, and 4.5, respectively. 15.0 GHz upper limits imply a rising spectral index greater than 1.0 for τ Cet and 1.6 for η Cas A, at the 95% confidence level. The measured 34.5 GHz flux densities correspond to stellar disk-averaged brightness temperatures of roughly 10,000 K, similar to the solar brightness temperature at the same frequency. We explain this emission as optically thick thermal free-free emission from the chromosphere, with possible contributions from coronal gyroresonance emission above active regions and coronal free-free emission. These and similar quality data on other nearby solar-type stars, when combined with Atacama Large Millimeter/Submillimeter Array observations, will enable the construction of temperature profiles of their chromospheres and lower transition regions.

  15. Immanence: A life… Friedrich Nietzsche

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arno Böhler

    2017-12-01

    In order to understand what is finally at stake for Nietzsche in the problem transcendence versus immanence, one therefore has to understand his new concept of the body. The body, not as a massive thing in itself, but a worldwide being, exposed to a multitude of forces, subconsciously operative in the cellar regions of a body as well as in the worldwide affections, a body is exposed to in its being-in-the-world. In the second part of my paper I will address the research-festival Philosophy on Stage#4, Nietzsche et cetera (Tanzquartier Wien 2015 as an example, in which philosophy is realized as an artistic research practice that gives back to philosophy its corporeality, materiality and fleshly sensibility by staging philosophy. A way of philosophising, which counters the classical ascetic image of thought and thus demands a new species of “artist-philosophers,” able and willing to demand, in line with Nietzsche’s Zarathustra, to “stay true to the earth”.

  16. Teología de la Evolución (II: La Llamada Creadora Trinitaria. Karl Schmitz-Moormann, 1997

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel García Doncel

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Continuamos presentando la tríada de intuiciones valiosas para elaborar una teología de la «creación en evolución» [ver PENSAMIENTO, vol. 63 (2007, pp. 605-636]. Presentamos la intuición del biólogo y teólogo católico alemán Karl Schmitz-Moormann, publicada póstumamente en 1997. Inspirado por Teilhard y su metafísica de la unión, introduce su concepto de «uni-totalidad», y observa tales uni-totalidades a lo largo del progreso evolutivo, desde las partículas subatómicas hasta las agrupaciones humanas. Observa la diversidad de unión, explicada por interacción nuclear o por amor interpersonal. Ve por analogía nuestro Dios tri-uno como la Uni-totalidad suprema unida por amor, a la que se acercan las uni-totalidades creadas, como auténticos «vestigios trinitarios». Y en el centro de su intuición ve la creación continua evolutiva como la respuesta a una «llamada creadora», una llamada del Creador tri-uno que invita a la nada (absoluta o relativa a acercarse hacia su riqueza de ser, sin forzar a nadie, sólo invitando a unirse a los elementos próximos de cada nivel. Esta acción, no imperativa, sino amorosa por la que está llegando a ser toda la creación nos descubre un Creador que está también realizándose en suprema unión amorosa, según habría de describirse en una metafísica de lllegar-a-ser. La creación progresiva de información acerca también a la omnisciencia divina, y la de la libertad posibilita responder amorosamente a la invitación de la llamada creadora. Ofrecemos los textos más auténticos de Schmitz-Moormann e investigamos su origen. Esta intuición sobre la «llamada creadora» enriquece teológicamente la de Karl Rahner sobre la acción trascendental que sostiene la«autotrascendencia activa», y será ulteriormente enriquecida por la de Denis Edwards, que la ve como «acción propia del Espíritu» dentro de una ontología relacional.

  17. UM DEUS PARA SER AMADO ALGUMAS REFLEXÕES SOBRE A DOUTRINA TRINITÁRIA EM KARL RAHNER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Clara Lucchetti Bingemer

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Este texto procura trabalhar alguns aspectos fundamentais da teologia trinitária de Karl Rahner. Em um primeiro momento, resgata seu axioma que revolucionou esta área da Teologia: "A Trindade Econômica é a Trindade Imanente e vice-versa". Em um segundo momento, procura mostrar como toda a teologia trinitária de Rahner é baseada no entrelaçamento com a cristologia. Finalmente, a partir da obra de Rahner “O que significa amar Jesus?" (Was heibt Jesus lieben?, comentamos o fato de que Rahner, configurado pela espiritualidade inaciana, encontra no amor real a Jesus a via de acesso ao pensar sobre o Deus Pai, Filho e Espírito Santo, que se dá a partir da experiência desse Deus na palpabilidade da carne de seu Filho e chega à sua vida imanente e à sua comunhão inefável. ABSTRACTC: This texts seeks to develop some fundamental aspects of K. Rahner’s Trinitarian Theology. It begins by presenting anew his axiom which revolutionized this area of theology: “The Economic Trinity is the Immanent Trinity and vice-versa.” Then it seeks to demonstrate how all of Rahner’s Trinitarian Theology is based on its links with Christology. Finally, parting from Rahner’s “Love of Jesus, Love of Neighbor”, the article comments how Rahner, configured by Ignatian spirituality, finds in the authentic love of Jesus the way to think God as Father, Son and Holy Spirit. This way originates from the experience of a God who can be touched in the flesh of his Son, and leads to God’s immanent life and ineffable communion.

  18. [Development and status of intensive care medicine in internal medicine at the Karl Marx University in Leipzig].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Engelmann, L; Schneider, D

    1989-01-15

    Issuing from the accomplishments of Köhler for the development of the intensive medicine in internal medicine-in 1964 he performed the first long-term respiration at the then Medical Clinic of the Karl Marx University, in 1969 he institutionalized the young subdiscipline at the clinic, in 1978 he founded the department for intensive medicine and is at work by his decisions concerning the development of young scientists, by the handbook "Intensive Medicine. Internal Medicine and Adjacent Subjects" as well as a member of the presidium of the GDR Society for Internal Medicine for the development of the internal intensive medicine-a description of the development of the department, its achievements and problems is given. The promotion of the intensive medicine by Köhler results, as we think, also from the comprehension that it has the duty to perform a function integrating the subdisciplines, which the modern internal medicine oriented to organs and systems threatens to lose, which, however, makes its self-apprehension, which the patient wishes and the teaching is demanding. From this and from the charge for a highly specialized care of patients who life-threateningly fell ill with internal diseases as well as from the duty to create a scientific forerunning results the stringent necessity of the development of the non-operative, in reality internal intensive medicine in the clinics for internal medicine of the county hospitals and university institutions as well as the greater identification of the internist with the subdiscipline in the district hospitals dealing with multidisciplinary intensive medicine.

  19. Evaluation of Karl Storz CMAC TipTM Device Versus Traditional Airway Suction in a Cadaver Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Demis N. Lipe

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: We compared the efficacy of Karl Storz CMAC TipTM with inline suction to CMAC with traditional suction device in cadaveric models simulating difficult airways, using media mimicking pulmonary edema and vomit. Methods: This was a prospective, cohort study in which we invited emergency medicine faculty and residents to participate. Each participant intubated 2 cadavers (one with simulated pulmonary edema and one with simulated vomit, using CMAC with inline suction and CMAC with traditional suction. Thirty emergency medicine providers performed 4 total intubations each in a crossover trial comparing the CMAC with inline suction and CMAC with traditional suction. Two intubations were performed with simulated vomit and two with simulated pulmonary edema. The primary outcome was time to successful intubation; and the secondary outcome was proportion of successful intubation. Results: The median time to successful intubation using the CMAC with inline suction versus traditional suction in the pulmonary edema group was 29s and 30s respectively (p=0.54. In the vomit simulation, the median time to successful intubation was 40s using the CMAC with inline suction and 41s using the CMAC with traditional suction (p=0.70. There were no significant differences in time to successful intubation between the 2 devices. Similarly, the proportions of successful intubation were also not statistically significant between the 2 devices. The proportions of successful intubations using the inline suction were 96.7% and 73.3%, for the pulmonary edema and vomit groups, respectively. Additionally using the handheld suction device, the proportions for the pulmonary edema and vomit group were 100% and 66.7%, respectively. Conclusion: CMAC with inline suction was no different than CMAC with traditional suction and was associated with no statistically significant differences in median time to intubation or proportion of successful intubations. [West J Emerg Med

  20. Number 13 / Part I. Music. 6. Requiem by Karl Jenkins. An Analytical Approach to The Interweaving of Various Traditions in Music

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iațeșen Loredana Viorica

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available In the diverse space of contemporary music, the fascinating and controversial personality of the Welsh composer Karl Jenkins, which is surprising from several perspectives, stands out. Open to assimilating and processing music from various sources (academic, liturgical, folk, entertainment, oriental, exotic, the all-round musician Karl Jenkins impresses the public with unexpected artistic choices, giving up the hypostasis of instrumentalist of the jazz-rock band Nucleus and of the group Softmachine in favour of the postmodern creator he has become today, synthetizing trends from musical compositions of the last decades of the 20th century. Once with the return to the functional system, either through minimalism or through neo-romanticism, the artist has successfully covered a potential sonority path of modern opposites, also evoking references to creative models of the past. We are referring to the musical valorizing of the sacred in a synthetic vision between tradition and innovation, in the works included in the Adiemus cycle, in the opus choir Missa for Peace and, more particularly, in the Requiem (2005, a significant score in the contemporaneity. The manner in which the composer, while resorting to a musical genre originating from the Roman Catholic cult and drawing on the liturgical text of the Mass for the dead, inserted Japanese poetry, written following the structure of haiku, belonging to representative authors - Gozan Koshigaya, Issho Kosughi, Hokusai Katsushika, Kaga-no-Chiyo, is highly surprising. This study aims to highlight the interweaving imagined by Karl Jenkins between the two cultures as well as to conduct a semantic analysis of an opus in which the relationships between music and words entail a highly emotional response.

  1. Repeating Marx: Introduction to the Special Issue “Karl Marx @ 200: Debating Capitalism & Perspectives for the Future of Radical Theory”

    OpenAIRE

    Christian Fuchs; Lara Monticelli

    2018-01-01

    This introduction sets out the context of the special issue “Karl Marx @ 200: Debating Capitalism & Perspectives for the Future of Radical Theory”, which was published on the occasion of Marx’s bicentenary on 5 May 2018. First, we give a brief overview of contemporary capitalism’s development and its crises. Second, we argue that it is important to repeat Marx today. Third, we reflect on lessons learned from 200 years of struggles for alternatives to capitalism. Fourth, we give an overview of...

  2. [Tumors of the 4th ventricle and the craniospinal transitional zone. Review of patients of the Neurosurgical Clinic of the Department of Medicine of the Karl Marx University].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niebeling, H G; Fried, H; Goldhahn, W E; Skrzypczak, J; Brachmann, J; Eichler, I

    1983-01-01

    From a total of 1,028 infratentorial tumours operated on at the Neurosurgical Hospital of the Section Medicine of the Karl-Marx University Leipzig in the last 30 years, 167 tumours in the region of the 4th ventrical have been selected. Their statistical processing was carried out with respect to specific localisation, average age, kind of tumour, sex, clinical findings, duration of case history, application of instrumental diagnostic procedures and radicality of operation, success and failure. Some fundamental conclussions are drawn. A subdivision in detail will be contained in the following articles based on this material.

  3. Aproximación filosófica del concepto de fe en la teología de Karl Rahner: aplicaciones y actualidad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maynor Barrientos Amador

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo pretende delinear los principales aportes del teólogo alemán Karl Rahner al concepto de la fe con base en una revisión de su herencia teológica y filosófica. El concepto de fe en Rahner está marcado por la influencia del pensamiento místico jesuita, el pensamiento filosófico del idealismo alemán y el trabajo revisionista de los teólogos afines a la “nueva teología”.

  4. A teoria da interpretação jurídica de Hans Kelsen: uma crítica a partir da obra de Friedrich Müller

    OpenAIRE

    Nestor Castilho Gomes; Sérgio Urquhart de Cademartori

    2008-01-01

    O artigo analisa a teoria da interpretaçãojurídica de Hans Kelsen, apresentada na TeoriaPura do Direito, a partir da posição teóricade Friedrich Müller, isto é, a partir das críticasformuladas pela Teoria Estruturante do Direito.Demonstrar-se-á como a distinção entre ser edever-ser, traço fundamental do projetoepistemológico kelseniano, influenciou a teoriada interpretação por ele proposta. Outrossim, opresente trabalho expõe em detalhes a teoria dainterpretação jurídica de Kelsen para, poste...

  5. Teología de la evolución (I: La autotrascendencia activa. Karl Rahner, 1961

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel G. Doncel

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo es el primero de una tríada en la que se presentarán tres intuiciones que creemos valiosas para elaborar hoy día una rica teología de la «creación en evolución» (las otras dos serán: 2. La llamada creativa trinitaria, según Karl Schmitz-Moormann, 1997, y 3. El Espíritu como fuente de novedad, según Denis Edwards, 2004. Quisiéramos entender, a nivel filosófico y teológico, esa «cosmo-bio-evolución» que es nuestra propia «mega historia». Comenzamos hoy por preguntarnos cómo explicar el progreso evolutivo en que de la materia parece emerger la espiritualidad humana. Es un problema filosófico (¿puede de lo menos salir lo más? y teológico (¿cómo concebir una acción creadora y respetuosa con la creación?. Para resolverlo creemos necesario apoyarnos en la intuición de Rahner de 1961, de la que recogemos con concisión didáctica el núcleo central de su documento fundamental de 1961 sobre la «autosuperación» o «autotrascendencia activa» en relación a la hominización. Buscamos a continuación el contexto y la fecha en que se elaboró originalmente esa intuición, analizando tres documentos de Rahner inmediatamente anteriores y relacionados con el fundamental, y deducimos que la intuición hubo de tener lugar prácticamente en 1960. Presentamos por fin algunos artículos poco posteriores al de Rahner 1961, que difundieron positivamente sus ideas centrales, así como algunos otros que las critican, y enumeramos algunas publicaciones ulteriores de Rahner que clarifican su pensamiento.

  6. Karl Rahner, Walter Kasper and Hans Kung on the Current State, Problems and Dimensions of Contemporary theology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pilipenko Evgenii

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Political history, philosophy, culture and science of the 19th century came to be very important factors in the development of Christian theology, primarily in Western Europe. Major issues of correlation between modern science, philosophical concepts of the modern period, secular ethics and Christianity led to a revision of many traditional theological concepts. There were suggested new methods of solving urgent theological, pastoral and missionary problems. The Second Vatican Ecumenical Council of Roman Catholic Church represented a vivid and constructive response to contemporary challenges. German theologians were among those who contributed significantly to the dialogue between the Church and modern world. The central fi gure among them was Karl Rahner. Using achievements of modern European thought, especially transcendental and existential philosophy, Rahner made Christian theology tenable for modern historical criticism and placed the person and the experience of faith as a crucial object of theological investigation. It may seem a paradox, but the unity of Catholic dogma in the 20th century came to be established not on the unity of the formal scholastic doctrine, proclaimed straightforwardly by Church magisterium, but on theological pluralism and historical dynamism, as well as on hermeneutical analysis of the dogma and inexpressible mystical experience of Revelation proclaimed by Rahner. Walter Kasper used Rahner’s ideas when he pointed to scientific rigour, ecclesiasticism and willingness to be opened to the world as main features of modern theology. At the same time, he considers it impossible to reject metaphysics and to reduce theology to a number of disparate academic studies. He sees the Holy Scriptures and church tradition as the essential foundation for systematic theology and argues that it is necessary to restore the balance between the freedom of theological investigation and the hierarchical control of Church magisterium

  7. Sv. Václav jako scala coeli. (K interpretaci nástěnných maleb schodiště Velké věže na hradě Karlštejně)

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Studničková, Milada

    2006-01-01

    Roč. 13, příl. (2006), s. 71-77 ISSN 1212-1487. [Schodištní cykly Velké věže hradu Karlštejna. Stav po restaurování. Praha, 05.05.2004-07.05.2004] Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z80330511 Keywords : Karlštejn * staircase of the Large tower * symbology of the staircase * St Wenceslas * Gothic painting Subject RIV: AL - Art, Architecture, Cultural Heritage

  8. História, marxismo e questão social: um diálogo com Max Web e Karl Marx

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Oliveira Ramos Passos

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available O campo de investigação tanto de Karl Marx quanto de Max Weber é o mesmo, ou seja, ambos estudam o caráter “capitalista” da moderna economia e sociedade, isto é, o capitalismo industrial e os desenvolvimentos sociais advindos deste. Porém, suas análises conclusivas são diferenciadas, e porque não, opostas. Marx via a ideologia como uma variável dependente no processo de transformação social. Weber, ao contrário, procurou mostrar que o caráter ideológico não deriva automaticamente da posição social, mas constitui um meio para explicar esta posição. Assim, conforme o exposto, o objetivo deste ensaio é o de tentar explicar os principais aspectos dos estudos de Max Weber e Karl Marx – um possível diálogo entre eles e suas principais diferenças - além de procurar entender a questão social nas obras de ambos.

  9. Oreli õnnistamine / Karl Kello

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kello, Karl, 1950-

    2014-01-01

    Gustav Adolfi gümnaasiumis avati ja õnnistati kooli aastapäeval, 6. juunil kaks orelit: 1905. aastal Inglismaal valmistatud Edington Priory Churchi orel Henry Jones & Sons ja 1957. aastal valmistatud Sibeliuse akadeemia harjutusorel Walker

  10. Kirjad Jaapanist / Karl Rumor

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rumor, Karl, pseud., 1886-1971

    2008-01-01

    Kommetest, ettevalmistusest abieluks, perekonnaelust, ilukultuurist Jaapanis. 1937. a. alanud Hiina-Jaapani sõjast. Varem ilmunud: Uus Eesti 1.-3. juuli 1938, nr. 177-179; 1., 6. august 1938, nr. 208, 213

  11. Tagasi Pariisis / Karl Rumor

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rumor, Karl, pseud., 1886-1971

    2008-01-01

    Prantsusmaa sisepoliitilisest olustikust. Poliitilistest oludest 1937. aasta Euroopas, sõjameeleoludest Vahemerel, Nyloni konverentsist. Varem ilmunud: Uus Eesti 21. juuni 1937, nr. 166; 8., 13. sept. 1937, nr. 243, 248

  12. Karl Marx 1864

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Czeskleba-Dupont, Rolf

    2015-01-01

    (Inaugural-)adressen til den 1.Internationale Arbejderassociation som Marx formulerede efter dennes grundlæggelse i september 1864 undersøges i en kritisk diskursanalyse der omfatter det engelske (!) original, efterfølgende tyske oversættelser samt den danske oversættelse fra 1971 (MEUS). Marx......' egne tekster sammenlignes med hinanden og med andres oversættelser. Marx' mindre kendte, tyske version som 'Manifest an die arbeitende Klasse Europas' præciserer hans karakteristika for hvad han kalder 'Arbejderklassens politiske økonomi'. Det sker på en måde, der ikke er identisk med den...... engelsksprogede eller for den sags skyld den danske version. På denne måde findes der en mere 'profetisk' version side om side med en version, der fremhæver en tilgang svarende til forsigtigheds-princippet. Udover politisk økonomi anvendte Marx det også på udenrigspolitikken. I dag rammer det den miljøpolitiske...

  13. Karl Marx University Leipzig

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    additionally complicated by metal accumulation during electrolysis time. To solve the problem, a first step is the calculation of instantaneous reduction current without metal accumulation, but for presence of complex species. In a second step, the effect of accumulated metal can be considered. Theoretical treatment is often ...

  14. Marxism as permanent revolution

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Ree, E.

    2013-01-01

    This article argues that the 'permanent revolution' represented the dominant element in Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels' political discourse, and that it tended to overrule considerations encapsulated in 'historical materialism'. In Marx and Engels's understanding, permanent revolution did not

  15. Birma - otsekui retk minevikku / Mait Talts

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Talts, Mait, 1964-

    2011-01-01

    Reisist Birmasse, tänapäevase nimega Myanmari, mida Eestiga seovad sinna maetud "Eestimaa budistlikud peapiiskopid" Karl A.M. Tõnisson-Tennisons (Vend Vahindra, 1883-1962) ja Friedrich Voldemar Lustig (Ashin Ananda, 1912-1989)

  16. Naised valikute ees / Ave Paavo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paavo, Ave

    2006-01-01

    Mõedaku spordibaasi juhataja Anu Kilk, äritarkvarafirma Oracle Eesti, Läti, Leedu finantsjuht Anne Oja-Aru, restoranide Balthasar, Karl Friedrich, Paat ja trahteri Postipoiss üldjuht Ritta Roosaar oma tööalastest valikutest

  17. Kõnelused Tartus / Anne Untera

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Untera, Anne, 1951-

    2007-01-01

    8.-10. V Tartus toimunud eesti, läti ja saksa kunstiteadlaste ühisseminarist. Alexander Knorre rääkis Karl August Senffi, Ilona Audere Friedrich Ludwig von Maydelli, Mai Levin Karl Alexander von Winkleri, Kristiana Abele Johann Walter-Kurau (1869-1932), Anne Untera Konstantin ja Sally von Kügelgeni, Epp Preem Julie Hagen-Schwartzi, Friedrich Gross Eduard von Gebhardti ja Katharina Hadding Ida Kerkoviuse (1879-1970) loomingust

  18. Un moment méconnu de l’historiographie : l’introduction et la diffusion en France de l’ouvrage de Karl Kautsky

    OpenAIRE

    Ducange, Jean-Numa

    2011-01-01

    On évoque rarement qu’au moment même de la publication de l’Histoire socialiste de la Révolution française de Jean Jaurès fut traduite en 1901 en français une petite brochure de Karl Kautsky, alors une des figures majeures de la deuxième Internationale, La lutte des classes en France en 1789. Bien que sans commune mesure avec l’ampleur du travail de Jaurès, le propos de Kautsky retint néanmoins l’intérêt des guesdistes qui y virent une stricte application du matérialisme historique aux événem...

  19. Repeating Marx: Introduction to the Special Issue “Karl Marx @ 200: Debating Capitalism & Perspectives for the Future of Radical Theory”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian Fuchs

    2018-05-01

    Full Text Available This introduction sets out the context of the special issue “Karl Marx @ 200: Debating Capitalism & Perspectives for the Future of Radical Theory”, which was published on the occasion of Marx’s bicentenary on 5 May 2018. First, we give a brief overview of contemporary capitalism’s development and its crises. Second, we argue that it is important to repeat Marx today. Third, we reflect on lessons learned from 200 years of struggles for alternatives to capitalism. Fourth, we give an overview of the contributions in this special issue. Taken together, the contributions in this special issue show that Marx’s theory and politics remain key inspirations for understanding exploitation and domination in 21st-century society and for struggles that aim to overcome these phenomena and establishing a just and fair society. We need to repeat Marx today.

  20. Die skepping as gelykenis: 'n Beoordeling van die skeppingsleer van Karl Barth in die lig van die appel van die ekologiese krisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Buitendag

    1986-01-01

    Full Text Available The creation as an analogy: An assessment of the doctrine of creation of Karl Barth in the light of the appeal of the ecological crisis In a comprehensive article in Afrikaans, the author points out that the problem of the relation between man and nature has become eminent as a result of the ecological crisis. The doctrine of creation as offered by Barth, does to a certain extent, present a coherence of being amongst creatures, but is nontheless not accepted. The main reason for this is that his ontological principle of covenant imputes a docetic character to the creation. This is ascribed to the fact that Barth operated with a canon behind the canon. The author concludes his article by outlining some distinctive features of a theologia naturae.

  1. The proposals that perhaps Karl Popper had propelled facing the enemies the open society of nowadays: for the XXI century, the reformism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Guillermo Estay Sepúlveda

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available During his complete work, the philosopher Karl Popper criticized in a strongly way the totalitarianism of the XX century, which was lived by him directly. We do not have any doubt that nowadays, he would speak with a louder tone in front of the other bad situation in politics which is observed in the horizon ad portas of the third decade of the new millennium, that is to say the fundamentalism. Although it is true, the Austrian philosopher attacks the political totalitarian regimes with the democracy, he is also a critic of it and at the same time, being a defender to the death of dialogue, he does not doubt in putting in front of the tyranny, the principles of tyrannicide.

  2. [Profile and tasks of a medical university polyclinic in the past and present using as example the Medical Polyclinical Institutes of the Karl Marx University of Leipzig].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hambsch, K; Treutler, H; Pietruschka, W D

    1981-03-15

    After a short survey of the historical development of the Medico-Policlinical Institute of the Karl Marx University Leipzig tasks and developmental tendencies of university medical policlinics are described, evaluating hereby the results of the Vth conference of higher education. They are understood as a university representation of ambulatorily working internists and to a large extent of the specialists for general medicine. Their main tasks consist in education and continued professional training of this group of physicians under integrative description of the whole subject internal medicine, a research oriented to practice as well as a guiding and coordination function for the ambulatory internistic care, taking into particular consideration the early recognition of a disease, in primary and secondary prevention as well as in a scientifically based ambulatory therapy of epidemiologically important diseases.

  3. [Development of the legal abortion situation at the gynecologic hospital of Karl-Marx-University, Leipzig from 1.1.1960 to 30.6.1972].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schulz, S; Henning, G

    1973-07-13

    Statistics on legal abortions at the Women's Clinic, Karl Marx University, Leipzig, East Germany, are reported. Between 1960-June 30, 1972, there were 3955 abortions and 53,972 births. Of these, 1368 abortions and 1831 births occurred in 1972; a similar large increase in abortions has been reported from other socialist countries. Average age of patients was 30.6 years in 1960, 27.7 years in 1972. In 1960, 83.1% of patients were married, but only 66.4% in 1972. Average hospital stay was 10.3 days in 1960, 3.7 days in 1972. Complications were seen in 32.5% of cases in 1960, and in 8.3% in 1972. Statistics for each year, 1960-1972, are given, and the implications of this information for medical practice and social policy are discussed.

  4. O princípio da homotipose em Karl Pearson: aspectos biológicos e estatísticos (1899 1906)

    OpenAIRE

    Venturineli, Katia Regina

    2010-01-01

    Karl Pearson (1857-1936) é geralmente conhecido por suas contribuições relacionadas à matemática e estatística. Entretanto, além disso, ele apresentou (em 1901 e 1902) uma proposta em relação à biologia: o princípio da homotipose. Para testá-lo, ele aplicou a estatística. A proposta de Pearson gerou uma discussão com William Bateson (1861-1926) e outros biólogos da época. O objetivo desta dissertação é inicialmente descrever a proposta de Pearson relativa ao princípio da ...

  5. Corrección a una equivocación de Karl Pearson (1904: la suma de fracciones de Mendel no produce acoplamientos genéticos incompletos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Conrado Ruiz Hernández

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A comienzos del siglo xx, matemáticos prominentes encontraron una conexión entre el binomio de Newton y las leyes de Mendel con el objetivo de proyectarla a poblaciones enteras considerando a descendientes de varias generaciones. Dentro de esta búsqueda, en 1904 Karl Pearson formuló objeciones sobre los preceptos de Mendel, en particular respecto a los descendientes puros (dominantes y recesivos, que provienen de progenitores híbridos que a su parecer se constituyen en acoplamientos genéticos incompletos, resultado de la suma de fracciones. Se realiza el análisis matemático de este algoritmo (considerando el contexto biológico de su aplicación y se concluye que los descendientes puros previstos en las leyes de Mendel son acoplamientos genéticos completos.

  6. Karl Jaspers: as bases da orientação científica para viver. Um diálogo com Kant

    OpenAIRE

    Carvalho, José Mauricio de

    2016-01-01

    Nesse trabalho examina-se, segundo Karl Jaspers, até onde a ciência pode servir como orientação para viver. O conhecimento científico não alcança o ser em si, já dizia Kant, tem limites para alcançar e prever o funcionamento do núcleo da matéria, ensina a Física contemporânea. Por outro lado, a razão também encontra limite na liberdade pessoal, o que faz as ciências humanas precisarem conviver com essa limitação. Assim, uma orientação para viver que necessita de uma imagem completa do mund...

  7. Changes in forest cover in the Foresta della Lama (Casentino Forests National Park from Karl Siemon’s and Anton Seeland’s 1837 forest management plan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vazzano E

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Forest estates with a long history of forest management plans are quite rare in Italy. In such cases, the analysis of historical documents combined with the use of GIS technology, can provide useful information on the evolution of forest cover and silvicultural and management techniques. Based on two unpublished documents by Karl Siemon and Anton Seeland dating back to 1837 and 1850, an archive of historical maps for the Lama Forest (Foreste Casentinesi, Monte Falterona and Campigna National Park was created using GIS techniques. This archive outlines the evolution of the Lama Forest over the last 170 years. Particular attention was given to silver fir plantations, which have strongly characterized silviculture and local economics in the Foreste Casentinesi area. The results of our analysis show that changes in different historical periods have been caused both by silvicultural interventions prescribed by the management plans and by external causes such as changes in forest property or war periods, which have markedly influenced forest area and stand characteristics. Furthermore, our analysis confirms that the work of Karl Siemon and Anton Seeland, carried out between 1835 and 1837, is the oldest forest management plan for an Italian forest. It is interesting to note that the aim of the plan, i.e., a regulated (or “normal” even-aged forest, and the way the plan was laid out, typical of classic forest management originated in Germany at the end of the XVIIIth century, served as model for the forest management plans drawn out by the Florence Forestry School almost until the end of the XXth century.

  8. Církevní kritika výstřední módy císařského dvora Karla IV. a datování nástěnných maleb karlštejnského schodištního cyklu kolem let 1365 - 1367

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Hlobil, Ivo

    2006-01-01

    Roč. 13, příl. (2006), s. 19-22 ISSN 1212-1487. [Schodištní cykly Velké věže hradu Karlštejna. Stav po restaurování. Praha, 05.05.2004-07.05.2004] Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z80330511 Keywords : wall painting * Karlštejn * Charles IV Subject RIV: AL - Art, Architecture, Cultural Heritage

  9. Anorexia nervosa in light of Karl Jaspers and Erich Fromm’s ideas and social constructivism – hypotheses and thoughts [Anoreksja psychiczna z perspektywy koncepcji Karla Jaspersa, Ericha Fromma oraz nurtu konstrukcjonizmu społecznego – hipotezy i refleksje

    OpenAIRE

    Talarczyk, Małgorzata

    2012-01-01

    e point of the article is to analyse and reflect on certain symptoms of anorexia nervosa in light of Karl Jaspers and Erich Fromm’s ideas and social constructivism. Contemplating the disorder in view of the philosophical ideas mentioned earlier, the author analyses such aspects of patients as: functioning on the verge of life and death, the paradoxical struggle to escape from freedom in search of independence, as well as various understandings and descriptions of anorexia in consideration of ...

  10. Karl Jaspers y la distinción hermenéutica entre entender y explicar en psicopatología. ¿Podríamos reencontrarnos en alguien que padeciera el síndrome de Cotard tipo I?

    OpenAIRE

    Ariso Salgado, José María (UNIR)

    2011-01-01

    Though Karl Jaspers stated in his General Psychopathology that the genesis of delusions is un-understandable rational and empathically, millions of people all over the world and lots of cinema critics seem to have understood in both ways the genesis of the case of Cotard syndrome which appears by the end of the film The Sixth Sense (1999). In this paper, however, I will show that the possibility of understanding rational and empathically the genesis of this case is just unrealisti...

  11. El método antropológico-trascendental de Karl Rahner como hermenéutica teológica del mundo y de la praxis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Berríos

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available La conmemoración del 40º aniversario del Concilio Vaticano II (1962-1965 es una ocasión propicia para releer sus enseñanzas e intuiciones fundamentales y evaluar su recepción en el pensamiento y en la vida de la Iglesia. El artículo se propone aportar a esta tarea con una aproximación al tema de la praxis en sintonía con la doctrina de la constitución Gaudium et spes sobre la actividad humana en el mundo (GS 33-39. En ese espíritu, el artículo ofrece una presentación del método antropológico-trascendental del teólogo alemán Karl Rahner (1904-1984 como un camino de lectura teológica del mundo y de la praxis histórica relevante para los cristianos de hoy. Sitúa dicho método en el programa rahneriano de un "recentramiento antropológico" de la teología (1. y explica su enfoque "trascendental" a la luz de su subyacente apertura al mundo moderno (2.; analiza someramente las diversas líneas que constituyen su sustrato filosófico (3. y lo confronta con otro enfoque trascendental relevante como es el del filósofo francés Maurice Blondel (4., para concluir con algunas reflexiones y perspectivasThe commemoration of the 40th anniversary of the Vatican Council II (1962-1965 is a suitable occasion to go over its fundamental teaching and institutions again and assess their acceptance to the thought and life of the Church. This article attempts to make a contribution, presenting new lights on the issue of the praxis along with the doctrine of the Constitution Gaudium et Spes on the human activity in the world (GS 33-39. The article presents Karl Rahner's (1904-1984 anthropologic-transcendental method as a theological reading of the world and the historical praxis significant for modern Christians. The author sets this method within Rhaner's program of an `anthropological re-centering' of theology. Thus he (1 explains his `transcendental' approach in the light of the opening of the new world, (2 analyses the various lines underlying

  12. CARTOGRAFIA ISTORICĂ ÎN SECOLUL AL XIX-LEA. KARL SPRUNER VON MERZ (1803-1892 ŞI AL SĂU HISTORISCH – GEOGRAPHISCHER HAND-ATLAS: ATLAS ANTIQUUS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    FLORIN-GHEORGHE FODOREAN

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The historical cartography in the 19th century: Karl Spruner von Merz (1803-1892 and his Historisch - geographischer Hand-Atlas: Atlas antiquus. The historical atlases publish during the 19th century have changed the level of knowledge of the people regarding the ancient geographical space. The present study focuses on the activity of Karl Spruner von Merz (1803-1892, one of the most important cartographers of the 19th, close collaborator of the famous Justus Perthes’s publishing house in Germany. In 1855, the first section of the atlas edited by Karl Spruner was published: Historisch - geographischer Hand-Atlas: Atlas antiquus, Justus Perthes Verlag, Gotha, 1855. The first section of the atlas included only four pages of texts and commentaries. The atlas was published in three editions. The third one is entitled Spruner-Menke atlas antiquus. Karoli Spruneri opus. Tertio edidit, Theodorus Menke. Gothae: Sumtibus Justi Perthes, anno MDCCCLXV. Thirty-one maps were published. Many of the maps published in this atlas represent a mix of data gathered from ancient geographical sources. By comparing the information from these maps, one can establish the level of modern knowledge regarding the geographical space of the ancient regions of the world.

  13. A Provisoriedade do Conhecimento Científico: Uma Reflexão sobre a Filosofia da Ciência de Karl Popper

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fátima Siqueira Caropreso

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available A concepção de ciência de Karl Popper nos mostra que esta, embora indubitavelmente nos forneça um conhecimento muito mais seguro do que aquele do senso comum, jamais poderá alcançar um conhecimento verdadeiro, definitivo. A aspiração de verdade da ciência consiste em uma impossibilidade lógica e empírica, portanto, o conhecimento científico deve ser conhecimento falsificável e não falsificado, que se desenvolve a partir de um processo de eliminação de erros. O objetivo deste artigo é apresentar a concepção de ciência de Popper, o que parece se justificar por nos lembrar da provisoriedade das teorias científicas, em uma época em que há uma confiança muitas vezes ingênua nos dados científicos, principalmente nos meios não acadêmicos.

  14. [Peripartal mortality in an autopsy sample of the Pathologic Institute of the Department of Medicine of the Karl Marx University in Leipzig 1960-1982].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Emmrich, P; Wötzel, E

    1986-01-01

    Between 1960 and 1982 we have autopsied 88 cases of peripartal mortality in the pathological institute of the department of medicine, Karl-Marx-University of Leipzig. According to the legal instruction in the GDR we have subdivided in direct and indirect peripartal death cases (direct and indirect relation between maternal mortality and pregnancy). We have compared both the groups (1960-1969, 1970-1982) and have found: The number of cases with indirect and direct relation between maternal mortality and pregnancy is decreased markedly in the second time period. The composition within the two time groups is very different in respect to the cause of the mortality: Between 1960 and 1969 amnioticfluid embolism, thromboembolism and air embolism, furthermore preeclampsia and their consequences as well as hemorrhages sub partu and postpartum could be found. In the second time group the most frequent causes of peripartal mortality are the different forms of embolism and preeclampsia, but then cases with a indirect relation between mortality and pregnancy with diseases of the cardiopulmonary system and of the kidneys.

  15. Anuncios de paz en Colombia: una interpretación visual desde el método documental de Karl Mannheim

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giohanny Olave Arias

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available A partir de dos imágenes sobre el anuncio de un proceso de diálogos en 2012, entre el Gobierno colombiano y las FARC-EP, con miras a finalizar el conflicto armado interno, se analizan las cosmovisiones sugeridas y la imagen que los actores mostraron de sí mismos y de sus colectivos institucionales. La aproximación se enmarca en los avances teóricos y metodológicos sobre interpretación de imágenes, a través del método documental de Karl Mannheim. En los resultados se abordan tres momentos: la interpretación formulada, la interpretación reflectiva y la interpretación constrastiva. En las conclusiones se retoma el asunto empírico, poniéndolo en relación con la implicancia teórica del método de interpretación documental

  16. Between tradition and innovation: the anthropoligical investigation of Karl von den Steinen in the region of the Xingú headwaters (1883-1887 and their significance for the German Americanism of the 19th Century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rebok, Sandra

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available This essay attempts to analyze the anthropological and ethnographical studies realized by the German traveller and scientist Karl von den Steinen at the end of the 19th century in the region of the river Xingu in Central Brazil. First a short overview will be given of both expeditions directed by him and their scientific concerns. Then the ideological and thematical orientation of the americanism of this epoch will be contrasted with the research undertaken by Karl von den Steinen in Brazil, in order to illustrate the ways in which he worked in the tradition of his time and in which aspects he departed from this framework and effected innovations in his research. After this analysis of the contributions of Karl von den Steinen to the development of German americanism, this article focuses on the question of, to which point his studies are still relevant today and if his methodology and its results continue to be valid in our time. Finally, the relationship of his ideological orientation with those of his predecessors and his successors will be thematized in order to explore Karl von den Steinen’s influences and whom he, in turn, influenced.Este artículo analiza los estudios antropológicos llevados a cabo por el viajero y científico alemán Karl von den Steinen a finales del siglo XIX en la región del río Xingú en Brasil Central. En primer lugar se ofrece una breve introducción sobre las dos expediciones por él dirigidas así como sobre los intereses científicos que las motivaron. A continuación se contrapone la orientación ideológica y temática del americanismo de la época con la investigación de Karl von den Steinen en Brasil, con objeto de ver en qué sentido ha trabajado siguiendo las pautas metodológicas habituales de su época y en qué aspectos ha abandonado ese marco tradicional a fin de desarrollar innovaciones en la investigación. Tras este análisis de la contribución de von den Steinen al desarrollo del

  17. Updates of the KArLE Experiment: New Libs Calibration Under High Vacuum for the Quantification of Potassium in Basalt for In Situ Geochronology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Devismes, D.; Cohen, B. A.; Li, Z.-H.; Miller, J. S.

    2014-01-01

    In planetary exploration, in situ absolute geochronology is one of the main important measurements that needs to be accomplished. Until now, on Mars, the age of the surface is only determined by crater density counting, which gives relative ages. These ages can have a lot of uncertainty as they depend on many parameters. More than that, the curves must be ties to absolute ages. Thus far, only the lost lander Beagle 2 was designed to conduct absolute geochronology measurements, though some recent attempts using MSL Curiosity show that this investigation is feasible and should be strongly encouraged for future flight. Experimental: The Potassium (K)-Argon Laser Experiment (KArLE) is being developed at MSFC through the NASA Planetary Instrument Definition and Development Program (PIDDP). The goal of this experiment is to provide in situ geochronology based on the K-Ar method. A laser ablates a rock under high vacuum, creating a plasma which is sensed by an optical spectrometer to do Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS). The ablated material frees gases, including radiogenic 40Ar,which is measured by a mass spectrometer (MS). As the potassium is a content and the 40Ar is a quantity, the ablated mass needed in order to relate them. The mass is given by the product of the ablated volume by the density of this material. So we determine the mineralogy of the ablated material with the LIBS spectra and images and calculate its density. The volume of the pit is measured by using microscopy. LIBS measurement of K under high vacuum: Three independant projects [1, 2, 3] including KArLE, are developing geochronological instruments based on this LA-LIBS-MS method. Despite several differences in their setup, all of them have validated the methods with analyses and ages. However, they all described difficulties with the LIBS measurements of K [3,4]. At ambient pressure, the quantification of K by LIBS on geological materials can be accurate [5]. However the protocol of the LA

  18. [Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker - supporter of the concept of the East German movement in favor of self-organization during the political turning point 1989/90].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gebhardt, Gerd

    2014-01-01

    The luminosity of Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker's holistic thinking in the former German Democratic Republic (DDR) is reviewed. Broad-minded academics sought, in accordance with the modern paradigm of self-organization, beyond the ideological template for ways out of the dead end of incrustations of society and innovation blockages under the constraints of a dictatorship. Right after the fall of the wall, Weizsäcker willingly backed a "community of free researchers for self-organization" (Freie Forschungsgemeinschaft Selbstorganisation, FFGSO). This group, conceived as a nonpartisan "think tank" of civil activism, is also discussed. At a number of its meetings Weizsäcker debated the dangers of ideologically influenced science. The effectiveness of the dual leadership at his own Starnberg Institute, for instance, was stymied by the tensions arisen out of such conflicting aims. Against the voluntaristic anticipations of the mainstream in sociology, precisely that system proved to be more viable that was meant to be overcome: faulty and purportedly futureless capitalism. Weizsäcker repudiated social prognoses made in the absence of rules for their falsification resp. verification. Weizsäcker acted as a leading figure at the FFGSO's Potsdam conference, opened on 30 Mar. 1990, on the "DDR--and afterwards?". Its intention was in order to trigger a nationwide discussion of scientific scenarios in designing German unification in the face of gross practical disparities between East and West Germany. The Trust Agency inspired by the FFGSO at the Round Table between opposition and old government was supposed to transfer the national public property "Volkseigentum" of the DDR into private property of the East German citizens, to enable them to realize a role as subject through self-organization. At the group's request, Weizsäcker mediated the readiness by the Lutheran World Federation to assume the role of ombudsman in anticipation of conflicts of interest within the

  19. What killed Karl Patterson Schmidt? Combined venom gland transcriptomic, venomic and antivenomic analysis of the South African green tree snake (the boomslang), Dispholidus typus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pla, Davinia; Sanz, Libia; Whiteley, Gareth; Wagstaff, Simon C; Harrison, Robert A; Casewell, Nicholas R; Calvete, Juan J

    2017-04-01

    Non-front-fanged colubroid snakes comprise about two-thirds of extant ophidian species. The medical significance of the majority of these snakes is unknown, but at least five species have caused life-threatening or fatal human envenomings. However, the venoms of only a small number of species have been explored. A combined venomic and venom gland transcriptomic approach was employed to characterise of venom of Dispholidus typus (boomslang), the snake that caused the tragic death of Professor Karl Patterson Schmidt. The ability of CroFab™ antivenom to immunocapture boomslang venom proteins was investigated using antivenomics. Transcriptomic-assisted proteomic analysis identified venom proteins belonging to seven protein families: three-finger toxin (3FTx); phospholipase A 2 (PLA 2 ); cysteine-rich secretory proteins (CRISP); snake venom (SV) serine proteinase (SP); C-type lectin-like (CTL); SV metalloproteinases (SVMPs); and disintegrin-like/cysteine-rich (DC) proteolytic fragments. CroFab™ antivenom efficiently immunodepleted some boomslang SVMPs. The present work is the first to address the overall proteomic profile of D. typus venom. This study allowed us to correlate the toxin composition with the toxic activities of the venom. The antivenomic analysis suggested that the antivenom available at the time of the unfortunate accident could have exhibited at least some immunoreactivity against the boomslang SVMPs responsible for the disseminated intravascular coagulation syndrome that caused K.P. Schmidt's fatal outcome. This study may stimulate further research on other non-front-fanged colubroid snake venoms capable of causing life-threatening envenomings to humans, which in turn should contribute to prevent fatal human accidents, such as that unfortunately suffered by K.P. Schmidt. Copyright © 2017 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  20. Thomas Piketty’s Book “Capital in the Twenty-First Century”, Karl Marx and the Political Economy of the Internet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian Fuchs

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Thomas Piketty’s book Capital in the Twenty-First Century has resulted in a sustained political and academic debate about capitalism in the 21st century. This article discusses the relevance of the book in the context of Karl Marx’s works and the political economy of the Internet. It identifies 3 common reactions to Piketty’s book: 1 dignification; 2 denigration of the work’s integrity; 3 the denial of any parallel to Marx. I argue that all three reactions do not help the task of creating a New Left that is urgently needed in the situation of sustained capitalist crisis. Marxists will certainly view Piketty’s analysis of capitalism and political suggestions critically. I argue that they should however not dismiss them, but like Marx and Engels aim to radicalise reform suggestions. In relation to the Internet, this paper discusses especially how insights from Piketty’s book can inform the discussion of tax avoidance by transnational Internet companies such as Google, Facebook and Amazon. For establishing an alternative, non-commercial, non-capitalist Internet one can draw insights about institutional reforms and progressive capital taxation from Piketty that can be radicalised in order to ground radical-reformist Internet politics. “The daily struggle for reforms, for the amelioration of the condition of the workers within the framework of the existing social order, and for democratic institutions, offers to the social democracy the only means of engaging in the proletarian class war and working in the direction of the final goal-the conquest of political power and the suppression of wage labor. Between social reforms and revolution there exists for the social democracy an indissoluble tie. The struggle for reforms is its means; the social revolution, its aim” (Rosa Luxemburg 1899, 41.

  1. [The radioiodine test for the evaluation of iodine deficiency in the district of Karl-Marx-Stadt and in East Germany].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bauch, K; Weiss, O; Möckel, G; Gerlach, J; Seitz, W; Ulrich, F E; Dempe, A

    1981-10-01

    The values of the per cent 24 h radioiodine uptake in the GDR are above 60--70% and speak for a low alimentary intake of iodine or renal excretion of iodine below 40 micrograms J/d. Like the struma prevalences they show a tendency increasing from north to south and characterize the whole European situation of iodine deficiency including its decrease from west to east. The mean values of radioiodine uptake of 71.7 +/- 13.2% (n = 110) in euthyroids of the district of Karl-Marx-Stadt correspond to the iodine deficiency as it occurs approximately in the districts of Erfurt, Dresden, Munich or Freiburg/B. The alimentary iodine intake of 38.4 +/- 17.2 micrograms J/d and the renal iodine excretion of 29.9 +/- 16.1 micrograms J/d, calculated from the 24 h radioiodine accumulation values of 40 euthyroid persons by means of a mathematical model developed by Oddie and co-workers were low. The latter only slightly differed (P less than 0.05) from its chemically estimated excretion of iodine in the urine: 23.1 +/- 16.9 micrograms J/g creatinine (n = 73). Between the calculated and chemically estimated excretion of iodine there was a relatively strict correlation of r = 0.68 (n = 26; P less than 0.001). The introduction of an iodine prophylaxis is regarded as an urgent necessity. Later on a new estimation of the regional "normal values" is necessary for the per cent radioiodine uptake.

  2. EnKF OSSE Experiments Assessing the Impact of HIRAD Wind Speed and HIWRAP Radial Velocity Data on Analysis of Hurricane Karl (2010)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Albers, Cerese; Sippel, Jason A.; Braun, Scott A.; Miller, Timothy

    2012-01-01

    Previous studies (e.g., Zhang et al. 2009, Weng et al. 2011) have shown that radial velocity data from airborne and ground-based radars can be assimilated into ensemble Kalman filter (EnKF) systems to produce accurate analyses of tropical cyclone vortices, which can reduce forecast intensity error. Recently, wind speed data from SFMR technology has also been assimilated into the same types of systems and has been shown to improve the forecast intensity of mature tropical cyclones. Two instruments that measure these properties were present during the NASA Genesis and Rapid Intensification Processes (GRIP) field experiment in 2010 which sampled Hurricane Karl, and will next be co-located on the same aircraft for the subsequent NASA HS3 experiment. The High Altitude Wind and Rain Profiling Radar (HIWRAP) is a conically scanning Doppler radar mounted upon NASAs Global Hawk unmanned aerial vehicle, and the usefulness of its radial velocity data for assimilation has not been previously examined. Since the radar scans from above with a fairly large fixed elevation angle, it observes a large component of the vertical wind, which could degrade EnKF analyses compared to analyses with data taken from lesser elevation angles. The NASA Hurricane Imaging Radiometer (HIRAD) is a passive microwave radiometer similar to SFMR, and measures emissivity and retrieves hurricane surface wind speeds and rain rates over a much wider swath. Thus, this study examines the impact of assimilating simulated HIWRAP radial velocity data into an EnKF system, simulated HIRAD wind speed, and HIWRAP+HIRAD with the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model and compares the results to no data assimilation and also to the Truth from which the data was simulated for both instruments.

  3. Vida nua e forma-de-vida em Giorgio Agamben e Karl Marx: Violência e emancipação entre capitalismo e estado de exceção

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Dalla Bernardina Brocco

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho se concentra na investigação sobre as aproximações teóricas entre os trabalhos de Giorgio Agamben, em seu projeto Homo Sacer e os de Karl Marx, em uma tentativa de construir novas ferramentas analíticas para a problemática da violência e da emancipação social na contemporaneidade. A aproximação entre as duas obras se dará pela via dos conceitos de vida nua e de forma-de-vida, os quais, segundo a hipótese deste trabalho, seriam comuns a ambos. O objetivo será o de elaborar a articulação entre o conceito de forma-de-vida em Agamben e o de sociedade sem classes em Marx, com vistas a possíveis leituras da emancipação e da justiça social.  The article Naked Life and Form-of-Life in Giorgio Agamben and Karl Marx: Violence and Emancipation Between Capitalism and State of Exception investigates the theoretical relationship between Agamben and Marx, focusing on Agamben’s Homo Sacer project. It is an attempt to build new analytical tools to the question of violence and social emancipation in contemporary societies. The approach between the two theories will be done by analyzing the concepts of bare life and form-of-life, which, per the hypothesis of this work, would be common to both. The objective would be the articulation of the concept of form-of-life in Agamben and the classless society in Marx, towards new possible approaches to emancipation and social justice. Keywords: bare life, biopolitics, form-of-life, Giorgio Agamben, Karl Marx

  4. Friedrich Nietzsche: On Education. An Unfashionable Observation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando BÁRCENA ORBE

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available It is proposed in this paper an educational’ unfashionable observation, from an nietzschean point of view. The main purpose thinking about certain contemporary dispossession of the educational experiencie between generations. When the only thing to transmit is that which is soccialy demanded, the erosion of education as an unpredictable experience of Bildung turns out unavoidable. With the rise of the so called «Learning Society», the insistence on the democratic function of schoolastic education has been accompanied by a set of pedagogical demands, coming from society and the market, whose most immediate effect is a feeling of a suffocation on educational experience of apprenticeship. As is to be held in this text, education has to do, not with possibilities, but with the impossibilities, not with the continuities, but with interruptions, not only with action, but with passivity and delay.

  5. Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Adolf von Baeyer

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    IAS Admin

    ... did groundbreaking research in sixteen different areas of organic chemistry, such ... The methodology they used may seem to be primitive now, but that was a .... BASF chemical company by which he greatly contributed to the development of ...

  6. Development of X-Y multiwire proportional chamber (MWPC) for the magnetic spectrograph 'BIG KARL' of the Juelich cyclotron 'JULIC' and investigation of the reaction 12C(α,α1)12C with Eα=145 MeV

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Koehler, M.

    1978-07-01

    The paper reports on the concept and development of a spatial-resolution X-Y detector for the magnetic spectrograph BIG KARL, on test measurements on the 300 mm x 40 mm prototype with a 90 Sr β source, and on the first few in-beam measurements. The reaction 12 C(α,α') 12 C with Esub(α) = 145 MeV was investigated under extreme forward angles thetasub(LAB) = 6.0 0 to 1.5 0 . (orig./WL) 891 WL [de

  7. Determination of the analytical performance of a headspace capillary gas chromatographic technique and karl Fischer coulometric titration by system calibration using oil samples containing known amounts of moisture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jalbert, J; Gilbert, R; Tétreault, P

    1999-08-01

    Over the past few years, concerns have been raised in the literature about the accuracy of the Karl Fischer (KF) method for assessing moisture in transformer mineral oils. To better understand this issue, the performance of a static headspace capillary gas chromatographic (HS-CGC) technique was compared to that of KF coulometric titration by analyzing moisture in samples containing known amounts of water and various samples obtained from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). Two modes of adding samples into the KF vessel were used:  direct injection and indirect injection via an azeotropic distillation of the moisture with toluene. Under the conditions used for direct injection, the oil matrix was totally dissolved in the anolyte, which allowed the moisture to be titrated in a single-phase solution rather than in a suspension. The results have shown that when HS-CGC and combined azeotropic distillation/KF titration are calibrated with moisture-in-oil standards, a linear relation is observed over 0-60 ppm H(2)O with a correlation coefficient better than 0.9994 (95% confidence), with the regression line crossing through zero. A similar relation can also be observed when calibration is achieved by direct KF addition of standards prepared with octanol-1, but in this case an intercept of 4-5 ppm is noted. The amount of moisture determined by curve interpolation in NIST reference materials by the three calibrated systems ranges from 13.0 to 14.8 ppm for RM 8506 and 42.5 to 46.4 ppm for RM 8507, and in any case, the results were as high as those reported in the literature with volumetric KF titration. However, titration of various dehydrated oil and solvent samples showed that direct KF titration is affected by a small bias when samples contain very little moisture. The source of error after correction for the large sample volume used for the determination (8 mL) is about 6 ppm for Voltesso naphthenic oil and 4 ppm for toluene, revealing a matrix

  8. A Review of Karl Poppers′ Political Philosophy%在历史与未来之间:卡尔·波普尔政治哲学评述

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张弛

    2013-01-01

      第二次世界大战给人类带来了血腥的代价和沉痛的历史反思,进而引发了诸多学者对于极权主义(totalitarianism)的深刻批判。批判理性主义思想家卡尔·波普尔以其独特的“反历史主义”方法论对极权主义的政治哲学根源进行了深入挖掘,并在后现代思想界产生了深远影响。本文试图对波普尔的政治哲学理论进行梳理,并对其学理价值进行简要评析。%World War II has caused vast human suffering and has led to painful reflection on history and criticism of totalitarianism. Karl Popper, anti-rationalists, has examined the political philosophy root of totalitarianism from his unique anti-historicism perspective and has exerted far-reaching influence among postmodern thinkers. This paper analyzes Karl Popper′ s Political Philosophy theory and gives comments on its academic value.

  9. Vineerist prillide valmistamine / Karl Annus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Annus, Karl

    2011-01-01

    Töö eesmärgiks oli anda ülevaade puidust ergonoomiliste prillide valmistamisest kolmele konkreetsele isikule alates visandite kujundamisest kuni praktilise teostuseni. Käsitletakse prillide ajalugu, erinevaid raamitüüpe, erialast terminoloogiat ning kirjeldatakse põhjalikult prillide valmistamise protsessi

  10. Muljeid viimastest kontsertidest / Karl Leichter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Leichter, Karl, 1902-1987

    1997-01-01

    Novembrikuu teise poole sündmustest Tallinnas. Väliskülalised: Praha konservatooriumi kammeransambel, Ungari laulusolist Maria Gyurkovic, pianist Maria Grinberg. Kolmel sümfooniakontserdil olid dirigentideks A. Stepanov, R. Matsov, S. Prohhorov

  11. Schwarzschild, Karl (1873-1916)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murdin, P.

    2000-11-01

    Mathematical physicist, born in Frankfurt am Main, Germany, at first worked on celestial mechanics, including POINCARÉ's theory of rotating bodies, the tidal deformation of moons and LAPLACE's origin of the solar system. He became professor at Göttingen and Potsdam. He wrote on relativity and quantum theory. He early on proposed that space was non-Euclidean, giving a lower limit for the radius of...

  12. Kirjad vallutatud Hiinast / Karl Rumor

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rumor, Karl, pseud., 1886-1971

    2008-01-01

    1937. a. alanud Hiina-Jaapani sõjast, poliitlistest oludest ja revolutsioonist Hiinas, hiinlastest ja Hiina suhetest teiste riikidega. Varem ilmunud: Uus Eesti 19.-20. aug, 1938, nr. 226-227; 12.-13., 16. sept. 1938, nr. 250-251, 254

  13. Budapestis ja Ungaris / Karl Rumor

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rumor, Karl, pseud., 1886-1971

    2008-01-01

    Doonau jõest, Budapesti ajaloost, linnaarhitektuurist ja kuninglikust lossist. Ungari eri piirkondade looduse, põllumajanduse ja rahva eripäradest. Trianoini rahulepinguga kaotatud maa-aladest. Varem ilmunud: Uus Eesti 3., 5., 13. veebr. 1937, nr. 34, 36, 44

  14. Baltimaade õhtu Pariisis / Karl Rumor

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rumor, Karl, pseud., 1886-1971

    2008-01-01

    André Bossini kõnest teemal "Balti riikide asetus Saksamaa, Poola ja Nõukogude Liidu suhtes" Rahvusvahelise Sõpruse Ühingu korraldatud üritusel Pariisis. Varem ilmunud: Uus Eesti 29. okt. 1935, nr. 42

  15. Teadusmalevlased meisterdasid magnetpuuri / Karl Reinkubjas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reinkubjas, Karl

    2015-01-01

    Mart Noorma algatatud Teadusmaleva projekti eesmärk on pakkuda noortele võimalust sisustada oma suvi ning töötada teadusasutuses. Tänavu oli ülesandeks ehitada magnetvälja tekitav Helmholtzi puur

  16. QQDDQ magnet spectrometer 'BIG KARL'

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Martin, S A; Hardt, A; Meissburger, J; Berg, G P.A.; Hacker, U; Huerlimann, W; Roemer, J G.M.; Sagefka, T; Retz, A; Schult, O W.B.

    1983-09-01

    A magnet spectrometer consisting of two quadrupoles, two dipole magnets and another larger quadrupole in front of the detector was designed and installed at the nuclear research institute of the KFA Juelich. It has been used for charged-particle spectroscopy at the isochronous cyclotron since early 1979. Special features of the spectrometer are variable and high dispersion, coils for higher order field corrections in the dipole magnets and a focal plane perpendicular to the optical axis. A large mass-energy product of mE/q/sup 2/ < 540 u x MeV, an angular acceptance of d..cap omega..<12.5 msr, a high resolving power of p/..delta..p up to 3 x 10/sup 4/ and the possibility of kinematical corrections up to K=0.8 make the instrument a very versatile tool for many experiments in the fields of nuclear and atomic physics. 51 references.

  17. India vabadusliikumine / Karl Ast Rumor

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ast Rumor, Karl

    2007-01-01

    Vastuhakkamisest Inglise võimudele 1857. ja 1930. aastal. Liikumine, mille eesotsas seisab Gandhi, põlvneb igivanast hindu enesetundest, selle eesmärgiks on enesemääramine, mitte ainult poliitiliset, vaid ka kultuuriliselt, usuliselt ja lõpuks ka majanduslikult, rippumatus mitte ainult Inglismaast, vaid Euroopast ning Läänest üldse. Varem ilmunud : "Nool" 31. mai, 7., 14., 21. juuni 1930, nr. 27-30

  18. La correspondencia entre José M. Otero Navascués y Karl Wirtz, un episodio de las relaciones internacionales de la Junta de Energía Nuclear

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Presas i Puig, Albert

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available Not available

    Es una idea compartida que durante el primer franquismo la ciencia española padeció el mismo aislamiento que el resto de la sociedad civil. Al igual que en otros sistemas totalitarios, la labor científica estaba determinada por las purgas ideológicas, el oportunismo político y la inercia de actitudes rutinarias. Pero también es cierto que hubo espacio para propuestas innovadoras y generadoras de nuevas tendencias equiparables a los estandares internacionales. La correspondencia entre José M. Otero y Karl Wirtz se concentra en la década de los años 50 y muestra cómo junto al discurso autoritario habían iniciativas empeñadas en conectar con las tendencias más modernas, en este caso de la investigación nuclear.

  19. Evolución y análisis del canon de belleza aplicado a la moda : análisis de Karl Lagerfeld, John Galliano y Victoria’s Secret (1995 – 2007 – 2016)

    OpenAIRE

    Llorca Martínez, Cayetana; Márquez Martínez, María

    2017-01-01

    El presente trabajo abordará las colecciones de tres de los diseñadores de moda más influyentes de las últimas décadas, John Galiano, Karl Lagerfeld, y la firma de lencería femenina Victoria’s Secret. Será un estudio centrado en la tipología de modelo utilizada en las citadas colecciones con objeto de conocer cómo ha ido evolucionando el canon de belleza a lo largo de la historia y cómo se refleja en la moda actual. Se trata de una evolución variable que ha ido adquiriendo una mayor import...

  20. Measurement of the pp → dπ+ reaction at 793, 800 and 1920 MeV/c and fixing the transport matrix of the magnetic spectrometer Big Karl

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Razen, B.

    1997-12-01

    This work presents measurements of the pp → dπ + reaction at a beam momentum of 793 MeV/c and 801 MeV/c. Differential and total cross sections at these energies were measured with the magnetic spectrometer Big Karl, which grants a nearly 4π-acceptance in the center of mass system. A major emphasis is given to the deduction of the transfer-matrix of the magnetic system, which allows full momentum reconstruction of the deuterons at the target point. Anisotropies and partial wave contributions are deduced from these measurements. They suggest not negligible P-wave contribution already close to threshold. Comparing our data to the measurements of the isospin related reaction np → dπ 0 yields some difference, which might be a hint to some isospin-breaking. Finally a measurement at 1920 MeV/c beam momentum was done to calibrate the momentum of the external beam of COSY. (orig.)

  1. Näitus "Sajand eesti puugravüüri klotsidel" / Jüri Hain

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hain, Jüri, 1941-

    2007-01-01

    Eesti Rahvusraamatukogus 15. I-3. II eksponeeritud ja rahvusraamatukogu kollektsioonist koostatud näitusest "Sajand eesti puugravüüri klotsidel: 1840-1940". Järgmistest kunstnikest ja nende töödest: Aleksander Otto Gern, Bogdan Gottlieb Friedrich Kally, August Daugell, Hermann Eduard Hartmann, Eduard Magnus Jakobson, Mart Pukits, Andres Kuusk, Karl Friedrich Schnell, Anton Suurkask (1873-1965), Arkadio Laigo, Hando Mugasto, Eduard Järv, Richard Kaljo, Ott Kangilaski, Ants Puks (1918-?), Salome Trei

  2. Alu (Allo) mõis / Paul Friedrich Wilhelm Alisch, Friedrich Modi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alisch, Paul Friedrich Wilhelm

    2003-01-01

    4 fotot, värv.: 3 sisevaadet, välisvaade; omanikest, häärberi tellis Otto von Lilienfeld, veidi muudetud kujul lõpetas häärberi ehitusmeister F. Modi; nüüd tegutseb häärberi restaureeritud ruumides (restaureerimisprojekti tegi AB Hoerdel) Kaitseliidu kool

  3. A repercussão da sociologia do conhecimento de Karl Mannheim no Brasil: uma análise da presença do autor no país e nos estudos de administração [doi: 10.21529/RECADM.2015014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiza Venzke Bortoli

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Karl Mannheim foi um filósofo que buscou entender a Sociologia do Conhecimento de forma mais ampla: como uma filosofia ‘atemporal’, a qual pode tratar adequadamente os problemas que surgem da situação intelectual presente. Visto a contribuição teórica e metodológica desse estudioso, este artigo visa analisar o surgimento da Sociologia do Conhecimento de Karl Mannheim e a sua repercussão no Brasil. Para tanto, foi realizado um levantamento do panorama dos estudos na área de Administração, em artigos de 14 periódicos e 9 eventos, a fim de verificar o que vem sendo abordado sobre esse autor no Brasil, bem como identificar estudos e teorias que tem como base essa teoria sociológica. A análise mostra que, apesar de algumas restrições, é significativa a recepção da Sociologia do Conhecimento na sociologia brasileira, tendo impacto no conhecimento sobre a realidade social brasileira. Entretanto, os estudos de Administração no Brasil carecem de embasamento teórico de Karl Mannheim. Esse autor tem influência no conceito de geração, disseminação de cultura, análise de significação, colonialismo e na relação de conhecimento e existencialismo, embora, muitas vezes, sua contribuição teórica nos estudos relativos a esses temas seja negligenciada.   Palavras-Chave Sociologia do Conhecimento; Karl Mannheim; Presença no Brasil.     THE REPERCUSSION OF KARL MANNHEIM’S SOCIOLOGY OF KNOWLEDGE IN BRAZIL: AN ANALYSIS OF THE AUTHOR’S PRESENCE IN THE COUNTRY AND ON THE STUDIES OF BUSINESS   ABSTRACT Karl Mannheim was a philosopher who aimed to understand the sociology of knowledge as a ‘timeless’ philosophy, which can properly handle the problems that arise from the current intellectual situation. This study aims to analyze the emergence of Karl Mannheim's Sociology of Knowledge and its impact on Brazil. We carried out a survey in order to verify what has been made about this author in Brazil and to identify studies

  4. Mäletamine ja nostalgia Karl Ristikivi romaanis „Kõik, mis kunagi oli” ning Bernard Kangro Joonatani -romaanides. Remembering and Nostalgia in Karl Ristikivi`s novel „All that Once Was” and Bernard Kangro’s Joonatan-novels

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maarja Hollo

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Research on the phenomenon of nostalgia has been notably shaped by the interest taken by sociologists, historians, and ethnologists in the ways of remembering past events and the impact of these ways of reminiscence on different communities of memory. This article considers remembering in a narrower sense, focusing on the modes of expression of individual memory, that is, on nostalgia. More specifically, nostalgia is defined as a conglomeration of feelings, images and interpretations that accompany individual remembering; the contradictions between these elements reflect the tensions inherent in remembering. The purpose of the article is first to emphasize ways in which remembering is represented in the works of two Estonian writers who went into exile during World War II; second, differences among their novels which thematize remembering, and third, how these works communicate today, in the context of recent polemics around memory. Karl Ristikivi’s novel „All that Once Was” (Kõik, mis kunagi oli”, 1946, was his first work to be published in exile, and the first volume of a dilogy set in Estonia, which the writer had already planned before fleeing Estonia. The first volume of Bernard Kangro’s Joonatan trilogy was published in 1971, and the last in 1973 – a period of creative crisis for Kangro, in which his prose writing undergoes significant change. In the works of both Ristkivi and Kangro, remembering and nostalgia are inextricably bound together. In Ristikivi’s novel, the connections emerge through the parallel representation of remembering, events in historical time, and the writing of history; in Kangro’s novels, in the force field of remembering and events in historical time. Ristikivi’s novel is set a few months before the conclusion of the Molotov- Ribbentrop pact in August, 1939. The novel’s focus, however, is not on the historical events themselves, but rather on how characters experience and interpret their own

  5. Βιβλιοκρισία:P. SCHREINER-E. VOGT(eds., Karl Krumbacher. Leben und Werk, München, Verlag der Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Kommission beim Verlag C. H. Beck, München 2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Walter PUCHNER

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Βιβλιοκρισία: P. Schreiner-E. Vogt (eds., Karl Krumbacher. Leben und Werk, München, Verlag der Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Kommission beim Verlag C. H. Beck, München 2011 (Bayerische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Philosophisch-historische Klasse, Sitzungsberichte, Jahrgang 2011, Heft 4, σελ. 147, 5 εικ., ΙSBN 978 3 7696 1569 0.

  6. Os principios de economia substantiva de Karl Polanyi em relações de economia solidária: o caso do povoado Cruz (Currais Novos/RN [doi: 10.5329/RECADM.20111002007

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabiano André Gonçalves Silva

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available OS PRINCIPIOS DE ECONOMIA SUBSTANTIVA DE KARL POLANYI EM RELAÇÕES DE ECONOMIA SOLIDÁRIA: O CASO DO POVOADO CRUZ (CURRAIS NOVOS/RN RESUMO Este estudo aborda relações econômicas e sociais em uma comunidade de fruticultores à luz dos princípios expostos por Polanyi (2000 na obra “A Grande Transformação” e dos pressupostos básicos da Nova Sociologia Econômica (NSE e da Economia Solidária. A unidade de observação foi o Povoado Cruz, no município de Currais Novos (RN. A técnica utilizada foi a observação não participante, com abordagem qualitativa na análise de dados. Em uma aproximação com a realidade buscou-se identificar como, e se, relações sociais não capitalistas, balizadas nos princípios de reciprocidade, domesticidade e redistribuição, sobrevivem em meio a relação capitalista. Percebeu-se que, mesmo dentro da realidade de mercado, predominam princípios elencados por Polanyi e pela Economia Solidária. Tais princípios têm base em valores como solidariedade, integração, respeito, ajuda mútua, cooperação e autonomia.   Palavras-Chave Reciprocidade; Redistribuição; Domesticidade; Economia Solidária; Agroindústria Familiar.     PRINCIPLES OF ECONOMICS SUBSTANTIVE OF KARL POLANYI RELATIONS IN SOLIDARITY ECONOMY: THE CASE OF CRUZ VILLAGE (CURRAIS NOVOS/RN   ABSTRACT This study focuses economic and social relationships in a fruit culture community under the prism of both principles established by Polanyi (2000 in his work “The Great Transformation” and central assumptions of New Economic Sociology (NES and Solidarity Economy. The community of Povoado cruz, in the municipality of Currais Novos (Rio Grande do Norte - Brazil, was studied through non-participant observation, and data gathered was analyzed with a qualitative approach. The paper aims at identifying how, and if, social not capitalist relationships, guided by reciprocity, domesticity and redistribution principles, survive within the

  7. Early Scholars' Visits to Central America: Reports by Karl Sapper, Walter Lehmann, and Franz Termer, edited by Marilyn Beaudry-Corbett and Ellen T Hardy, Theodore E Gutman, 2000

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charles C. Kolb

    2001-05-01

    Full Text Available The Cotsen Institute's Director of Publications is archaeologist Marilyn Beaudry-Corbett, herself a specialist on the production and distribution of archaeological ceramics in Mesoamerica and Central America and a scholar of complex society economic organization. Her colleague and the co-editor of this volume, Ellen Hardy, is a Research Associate at The Cotsen Institute and an expert on mortuary customs of the Nicoya region. Theodore (Ted Gutman (1909-1997 was a longtime supporter of the Institute at UCLA worked on a number of translation projects, several of which are presented here. He was the translator of Karl Sapper's Verapaz im 16. und 17. jahrhundert, which appeared as The Verapaz in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries: A Contribution to the Historical Geography and Ethnography of Northeastern Guatemala (Los Angeles, University of California, Institute of Archae­ology, Occasional Paper 13, 1985. The contributors to the volume's narrative include, in addtion to Beaudry-Corbett and Hardy, nine other anthropologists who are recognized experts on the region and subject matter.

  8. 略论波普尔和库恩科学哲学的影响%On the Impact of Karl Popper and Thomas Kuhn's Philosophies of Science

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗力群

    2011-01-01

    本文考察了波普尔和库恩科学哲学在科学哲学界、科学界及人文社科界的影响。本文的情境分析根据波普尔和库恩作品的特点、社会联系、社会情境、个性因素来解释他们的影响。文章的考察实际上触及了思想史上的社会建构因素,而此因素应该广泛作用于各学科的历史。%This article examines the impact of Karl Popper and Thomas Kuhn's philosophies of science in the communities of philosophy of science, natural sciences, and arts and social sciences. The situational analysis has recourse to the characteristics of their works, their social ties and personalities, and social context, to explain their influences. This paper actually catches hold of the social construction factor in the history of thought, which should widely act upon a variety of disciplines.

  9. Pursuing Reason with Critique --A Discussion on Karl Popper's Methodology of Scientific Discovery%在批判中追求理性——谈波普的科学发现方法论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨成光

    2012-01-01

    Karl Popper's methodology of scientific discovery is a school of philosophy of science based on the critique of logical positivism, and its core is conjectures and refutations. His "deductive method" and "four phase formula" of scientific discovery has some theoretical value, and his methodology of science plays positive role in the development of science. And of course, it has obvious deficiencies because of many limitations.%波普的科学发现方法论是在批判逻辑实证主义基础上建立起来的科学哲学流派之一,其核心是猜测与反驳。他提出的“演绎法”和科学发现的“四段图式”具有一定的理论价值,他的科学方法论在科学发展中有一定的积极作用,又因为种种局限又表现出明显的不足。

  10. Costos de transacción, un hallazgo no tan reciente. Aproximaciones a la teoría de los costos de circulación de Karl Marx

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Germán Valencia

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Los aportes de la escuela neoinstitucionalista son reconocidos hoy como uno de los mayores en el campo económico; esto debido a que en su análisis económico del mercado incluyen una gama de aspectos que son fundamentales en la toma de decisiones de las empresas y los agentes llamado costos de transacción. Lo paradójico es que parte de este “gran hallazgo” ya había sido expuesto un siglo antes por Karl Marx en el segundo tomo de El Capital, Crítica de la Economía Política y aun no ha sido reconocido. La contribución de Marx sobre costos de Circulación es enorme, pues define, clasifica y propone soluciones a dichos costos de una manera rigurosa y novedosa, incluso aventajando a las propuestas actuales; lo extraño es que esta propuesta teórica no ha sido reconocida por ninguno de los economistas que trabajan en el tema

  11. “Jeter à la face de son siècle le plus excessif outrage" La critique d'art de Joris-Karl Huysmans, une démarche décadente

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aude Jeannerod

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Although Joris-Karl Huysmans is mostly known for his famous novel À Rebours (1884, his first steps as a writer were made in art criticism, with an article published in La Revue mensuelle about the landscape painters at the Exposition Universelle that took place in Paris in 1867. From then on, his work as an art critic often echoed his novels, expressing the same views on aesthetics and civilisation. This article discusses to what extent Huysmans's art criticism during the eighteen-eighties comes under the Decadence and an aesthetic of transgression, as well as À Rebours does. Indeed, the art critic promotes a renewal of French painting which would transgress all the prevailing policies. Furthermore, Huysmans himself breaks the laws in various ways: he violates aesthetic rules by blaming academism and standing up for independent painters; he oversteps moral boundaries asserting that art has nothing to do with morality; he infringes social standards by satirizing the bourgeoisie. On numerous occasions, Huysmans uses the transgressive power of humour to show his contempt for the constraints of tradition and his hatred toward his time.

  12. Baltisakslase romaan : teos ja autor / Ljubov Kisseljova ; venekeelsest käsikirjast tõlkinud Mall Jõgi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kisseljova, Ljubov, 1950-

    2016-01-01

    Analüüsitakse Eestist pärit parun Karl Georg Woldemar Friedrich von Roseni almanahhis "Altsiona" 1831. aastal ilmunud väikest romaani "Constantin Loeven. (Minu mälestustest)". Romaanis on oluline 19. sajandi alguse kreeklaste vabadusvõitluse kontekst

  13. Armastus ei hävi ilmaski ? / Dea Martinjonis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Martinjonis, Dea

    1999-01-01

    24. novembril esitles Eesti Draamateater õllekeldris "Karl Friedrich 30. novembril esietenduvat Ödon von Horvathi näidendit "Kasimir ja Karoline" : lavastaja Priit Pedajas, kunstnik Pille Jänes. Ajakirjanike ees mängiti katkend lavastusest ja lauldi õllelaule

  14. Saaremaa murrakutest 18. sajandil / Eberhard Winkler

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Winkler, Eberhard

    2008-01-01

    Kahest vanemast Saaremaalt pärit keelenäitest: Schlözer, August Ludwig. Gesammelte Nachrichten von den Ueberresten der Liven, in Livland und Kurland. (1770) ja Kruse, Friedrich Karl Hermann. Ur-Geschichte des Esthnischen Volksstammes und der Kaiserlich Russischen Ostseeprovinzen ... (1846)

  15. "...At lade hæren marchere, heste trampe og kanoner buldre"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Palle

    2012-01-01

    Karl Marx og Friedrich Engels fulgte opmærksomt med i de økonomiske og politiske udviklinger i deres samtid. Det gjaldt også konflikterne mellem Danmark og Tyskland om det slesvigske spørgsmål og krigen om dette i 1864. De publicerede ikke meget om denne konflikt, men diskuterede den i deres priv...

  16. Venemaalt Saksamaa kaudu Itaaliasse : Rooma õiguse õpetamine ja selle mõjutajad eestikeelses ülikoolis (1919-1940) / Hesi Siimets-Gross

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Siimets-Gross, Hesi, 1976-

    2012-01-01

    Tartu Ülikooli õppeainest "Rooma õiguse ajalugu" ja selle õppejõududest (Jüri Uluots, Ernst Ein, Leo Leesment) ning õppeainest "Rooma õiguse süsteem" ja selle õppejõududest (Karl Wilhelm von Seeler, David Johann Friedrich Grimm ja Ernst Ein)

  17. Из Прибалтики - в Европу / Сергей Исаков

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Исаков, Сергей, 1931-2013

    2004-01-01

    1831. a. Tallinnas ilmunud Aleksandr Gribojedovi näidendi "Häda mõistuse pärast" tõlkest saksa keelde (tõlkija Karl Knorring). Tõlge ilmus K. Knorringi välja antud seerias "Russische Bibliothek für Deutsche". Ka tõlke tsenseerimisest ja tsensorist Johann Friedrich von Erdmannist

  18. Analysis of physical interactions between the economy and the environment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    De Haes, Helias A Udo; Heijungs, Reinout

    2009-01-01

    In this chapter methods for analysing the physical interactions between the economy and the environment will be discussed. The historic roots of such methods lie in the 19th century and go back to Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, who used the term 'metabolism' (Stoffwechsel) to imply a relationship

  19. Zur Vor- und Entwicklungsgeschichte des Konzepts 'Ökosozialismus'

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Czeskleba-Dupont, Rolf; Tjaden, Karl Hermann

    2013-01-01

    Ordet 'økosocialisme' bruges først i anden halvdel af det 20.århundrede, men konceptet har en for- og udviklingshistorie igennem de moderne samfundsteorier. Det opstår, når rene socialutopier forlades og, som det sker hos Karl Marx og Friedrich Engels, der indgår en dybere dimension af...

  20. Marxism and Communication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daley, Patrick J.; Soloski, John

    Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels had little to say specifically about communication and language, but their works hint at the direction their critique of communication might have taken. Language and consciousness are conditioned by specific means of production and sociopolitical circumstances and are therefore ideological. The domain of ideology…

  1. German Marxism and the decline of the permanent revolution, 1870-1909

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Ree, E.

    2012-01-01

    This article discusses the development of German Social Democratic Party strategy in the fourth quarter of the nineteenth century and the first decade of the twentieth, as a result of the works of Friedrich Engels and Karl Kautsky. It ties the evolution of Marxist orthodoxy to the emergence of

  2. CHANG-ES. IV. RADIO CONTINUUM EMISSION OF 35 EDGE-ON GALAXIES OBSERVED WITH THE KARL G. JANSKY VERY LARGE ARRAY IN D CONFIGURATION—DATA RELEASE 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wiegert, Theresa; Irwin, Judith; MacGregor, Stephen, E-mail: twiegert@astro.queensu.ca, E-mail: irwin@astro.queensu.ca, E-mail: 11sm36@queensu.ca [Department of Physics, Engineering Physics, and Astronomy, Queen' s University, Kingston, ON, K7L 3N6 (Canada); and others

    2015-09-15

    We present the first part of the observations made for the Continuum Halos in Nearby Galaxies, an EVLA Survey (CHANG-ES) project. The aim of the CHANG-ES project is to study and characterize the nature of radio halos, their prevalence as well as their magnetic fields, and the cosmic rays illuminating these fields. This paper reports observations with the compact D configuration of the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array (VLA) for the sample of 35 nearby edge-on galaxies of CHANG-ES. With the new wide bandwidth capabilities of the VLA, an unprecedented sensitivity was achieved for all polarization products. The beam resolution is an average of 9.″6 and 36″ with noise levels reaching approximately 6 and 30 μJy beam{sup −1} for C- and L-bands, respectively (robust weighting). We present intensity maps in these two frequency bands (C and L), with different weightings, as well as spectral index maps, polarization maps, and new measurements of star formation rates (SFRs). The data products described herein are available to the public in the CHANG-ES data release available at http://www.queensu.ca/changes. We also present evidence of a trend among galaxies with larger halos having higher SFR surface density, and we show, for the first time, a radio continuum image of the median galaxy, taking advantage of the collective signal-to-noise ratio of 30 of our galaxies. This image shows clearly that a “typical” spiral galaxy is surrounded by a halo of magnetic fields and cosmic rays.

  3. The Earliest Transmission and Influence of Karl Popper' s Doctrine in China%波普尔学说在中国的早期传播与影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王公

    2016-01-01

    卡尔·波普尔(Karl R Popper)是20世纪著名的科学哲学家,其学说曾引起世界学术界轰动,对当代社会产生了重要影响.关于中国学界早期引介波普尔学说的科学思想史研究中,一直延续着大量的模糊说法,对于波普尔学说引介入中国的时间、路径、领域和影响等问题尚缺乏了解.查找到的文献证据表明:第一,在时间上,波普尔学说进入中国始于“文革”之前,而不是“文革”之后、改革之初;第二,在数量上,“文革”前至少有近20篇文章引介波普尔学说,并非“仅有几篇”;第三,波普尔哲学的核心内容“分界问题”和“证伪主义”早在1959年就被完整地介绍到中国;第四,波普尔学说最初进入中国学界的领域是历史哲学而不是西方哲学;第五,波普尔学说最初在中国是作为反马克思主义历史哲学的反面教材进行批判的对象.

  4. Raamaturappija / [Sinijärv, Karl Martin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sinijärv, Karl Martin, 1971-

    1997-01-01

    Vandenberg, Philipp. Viies evangeelium; Fischer, Hans. Saatuslik armastus majas nr. 34; Bulgakov, Mihhail. Meister ja Margarita; Paju, Juhan. Katkenud romaan; Duby, Georges. Guillaume le Maréchal ehk Maailma parim rüütel

  5. Paneelmajad pole kaardimajad / Karl Õiger

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Õiger, Karl, 1933-

    1999-01-01

    Paneelmajade tehnilisest seisundist, ekspertiisi tegemisest, varisemisohust, vanade hoonete renoveerimisest ja ümberehitamisest, ehitamise kvaliteedist Eestis, nõukogude ajast ehituses, paneelelamutest ja munitsipaalelamufondist, mida tuleks paneelhoone juures jälgida jm. Artikli kirjutamise ajendiks oli Postimehe artikkel "Viitsütikuga majad" (18. VIII)

  6. El relativismo de Paul Karl Feyerabend

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teresa Gargiulo

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Los críticos que han interpretado el pensamiento de Feyerabend como un relativismo radical no hacen justicia a su intencionalidad, y se muestran incapaces de comprender la unidad de su obra, en particular, su abandono posterior de los ideales relativis-tas. Se busca distinguir las diversas posiciones de Feyerabend frente al relativismo y exponer su reducción al absurdo de las nociones de la ciencia propias del positivis-mo lógico y del racionalismo crítico. Así mismo, se plantea cómo Feyerabend, ante la ausencia de un criterio para discernir la tarea científica, postula un relativismo, pero, al final de su vida, busca elaborar una metafísica de la abundancia que supere las coordenadas de aquel.

  7. El relativismo de Paul Karl Feyerabend

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teresa Gargiulo

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Los críticos que han interpretado el pensamiento de Feyerabend como un relativismo radical no hacen justicia a su intencionalidad, y se muestran incapaces de comprender la unidad de su obra, en particular, su abandono posterior de los ideales relativistas. Se busca distinguir las diversas posiciones de Feyerabend frente al relativismo y exponer su reducción al absurdo de las nociones de la ciencia propias del positivismo lógico y del racionalismo crítico. Así mismo, se plantea cómo Feyerabend, ante la ausencia de un criterio para discernir la tarea científica, postula un relativismo, pero, al final de su vida, busca elaborar una metafísica de la abundancia que supere las coordenadas de aquel.

  8. Estonia maintains compulsory military service / Karl Haljasmets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Haljasmets, Karl

    2011-01-01

    Lätis ja Leedus on kohustuslik ajateenistus ära kaotatud, kuid Eesti jätkab üldise ajateenistusega. Brigaadikindral Urmas Roosimägi leiab, et see peab jääma ega tohi lüheneda. Riigikogu liikme Mati Raidma arvamus

  9. Kreeka kümmeaastak / Karl Rumor

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rumor, Karl, pseud., 1886-1971

    2008-01-01

    Kreeka Türgi ikkest vabanemise 10. aastapäeva pühitsemisest Ateenas 1937. aastal. Poliitilistest oludest, avalikkude tööde - teede korrastamise ja veejuhtimise kavadest. Varem ilmunud: Uus Eesti 6. aprill 1937, nr 93

  10. Tšehhide kaunil maal / Karl Rumor

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rumor, Karl, pseud., 1886-1971

    2008-01-01

    Tšehhi, Slovakkia ja Karpaadi-Venemaa rahvast, maaelust, loodusest. Tšehhoslovakkia presidendist Thomas Carrigue Masarykist ja tema kasutuses olevast Lany lossist. Tööstuslikust elust Zlinis, kus tegutseb Bata saapatehastes. Varem ilmunud: Uus Eesti 14. nov. 1936, nr. 309; 13., 14., 16., 18., 21. dets. 1936, nr. 338, 339, 341, 343, 346

  11. Raamaturappija / Karl Martin Sinijärv

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sinijärv, Karl Martin, 1971-

    1997-01-01

    Wolf, Christa. Medeia : hääled; Sermat, Toomas. Blaak ja Biduun; Liksom, Rosa. Ühe öö ekstaas; Durrell, Gerald. Bafuti hagijad; Saarinen, Esa. Filosoofia ajalugu tipult tipule Sokratesest Marxini

  12. Raamaturappija / Karl Martin Sinijärv

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sinijärv, Karl Martin, 1971-

    1997-01-01

    Meister, Andi. Lõpetamata logiraamat; Asjahuvilistele astroloogia ajaloost ja rakendamisest; Wolf-Cohen, Elizbeth. 50 hõrgutavat suupistet; Üllaste, Pilvi. Matsi raamat; Cookson, Catherine. Tilly Trotter

  13. Raamaturappija / Karl Martin Sinijärv

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sinijärv, Karl Martin, 1971-

    1997-01-01

    Jong, Erica. Hirm viiekümnenda eluaasta ees; Tiigi, Liia. Pühadelaud; Talvet, Jüri. Eesti eleegia ja teisi luuletusi; Tolkien, John Ronald Reuel. Sõrmuse vennaskond. Sõrmuste isand; Masing, Uku. Mälestusi taimedest

  14. Reisikirjad Indo-Hiinast / Karl Rumor

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rumor, Karl, pseud., 1886-1971

    2008-01-01

    Reisist Indohiinasse, Kambodža pealinna Phnom Penhi, kalastajatega Mekongi jõele, Angkorisse ja Angkor Wat templisse. Kambodža minevikust, khmeeridest. Varem ilmunud: Uus Eesti 22.-23., 27. mai 1939, nr. 138-139, 143; Üle maa ja mere : matkakirju kaheksalt autorilt. - Lund : Eesti Kirjanike Kooperatiiv, 1958

  15. Raamaturappija / [Sinijärv, Karl Martin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sinijärv, Karl Martin, 1971-

    1997-01-01

    Zero (Tõnu Seero). Lahked inimesed ja õunasööjad Lamb, Charles; Lamb, Mary. Lugusid Shakespeare'ilt Hellerma, Kärt. Alkeemia; Tabucchi, Antonio. Tunnistaja Pereira lugu; Gray, John. Marss ja Veenus magamistoas

  16. Probleemid on samad, taust teine / Karl Kello

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kello, Karl, 1950-

    2010-01-01

    Vene- ja eesti kooli probleemid on ühesugused, mured õpetajakoolituse, õpilaste arvu vähenemise, õppekavadega. Vaja oleks venekeelseid õpetajakoolitusi. Vestlusest Tallinna kesklinna vene gümnaasiumi direktori Sergei Teploviga

  17. Aegade varjud : [luuletused] / Karl Ast Rumor

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ast Rumor, Karl

    2007-01-01

    Sisu : Meie ja nemad ; Öisel teel ; Luikede laul ; Crescendo ; Needmine ; Bajazzo ; Kurbtus ; Minevikule ; Tunnistus ; Punased lilled. Varem ilmunud ""Edasi" jõulualbum 4". Tallinn 1911 ; "Meie Sõna 1". Tallinn 1911

  18. DIE EKSISTENSIEFILOSOFIE VAN KARL JASPERS. ENKELE ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Test

    Kierkegaard en Nietzsche, Max Weber en Dilthey, om maar enkeles te noem, en 5.) Jaspers se persoonlike beskouing oor die roe ping en die taak van die Filosofie, sy aanvoeling van die filosofiese problematiek en sy grondhouding teenoor die eksistensiële verbonden- hede. Die woord van Fichte, naamlik dat die Filosofie ...

  19. Karl Popper and the Copenhagen interpretation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peres, Asher

    Popper conceived an experiment whose analysis led to a result that he deemed absurd. Popper wrote that his reasoning was based on the Copenhagen interpretation and therefore invalidated it. Many authors who have examined Popper's analysis have found in it various technical flaws which are briefly summarized here. However, the aim of the present article is not technical. My concern is to redress logical flaws in Popper's argument: the terminology he uses is ambiguous, his analysis involves counterfactual hypotheses, and it violates Bohr's complementarity principle. Therefore, the absurdity of Popper's result only confirms Bohr's approach.

  20. Karl Popper and the English Teacher

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hollingworth, Brian

    1974-01-01

    Analyzes the role of the English teacher in the open society, suggesting a need for greater awareness of wider issues which could inform debate about curriculum development and future patterns of education in a changing society. (RB)

  1. The Second Law and Karl R. Popper

    Science.gov (United States)

    Norman, Guenri E.

    2002-11-01

    Popper's ideas are briefly presented on philosophy of Science hierarchy of particular sciences and his emergence principle. Main points of Popper's cognition theory are emphasized. Popper's thoughts are given in connection with struggle of scientific ideas in the XX century. The projection on the Second Law is done.

  2. Inseneriharidus: oleme need, kellelt õpime / Karl Kello

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kello, Karl, 1950-

    2016-01-01

    TTÜ-s toimunud inseneripedagoogika konverentsist "Õpetamine on kahekordne õppimine" ja teaduspärastlõunast Teaduste Akadeemias, mille temaatika oli inseneeria roll ja tähendus ning tehnikakultuur ja tehnikaharidus

  3. Economic Heritage: Adam Smith vs. Karl Marx

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manton, Edgar J.; English, Donald E.

    2008-01-01

    The problem of this study was to determine the number of first semester college freshmen who could correctly identify the individuals who are generally considered the "fathers" of communism and capitalism. A questionnaire was administered to 241 freshmen students enrolled in English 101, College Reading and Writing, at Texas A&M…

  4. Karl Marx vs. Adam Smith Revisited

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manton, Edgar J.; English, Donald E.; Flanagan, Jennifer; Dubey, Anvit

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine whether the ability of freshman college students to identify the founding fathers of free enterprise and of communism has improved. This study is a follow-up to four previous studies. A questionnaire was developed and distributed to College of Business and College of Education & Human Services…

  5. Karl Marx: "A Swarthy Fellow from Trier."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Machalek, Richard

    1983-01-01

    Discussed are Marx's roles as a student, a journalist-scholar, a revolutionary, and a family member. Revealed is a political and intellectual figure of enormous stature and complexity, but a person typically human in passions and commitments, strengths, and shortcomings. (RM)

  6. French warships in Russia's navy / Karl Haljasmets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Haljasmets, Karl

    2011-01-01

    Venemaa ja Prantsusmaa kirjutasid alla Mistral-tüüpi laevade ostulepingule. Politoloog Karmo Tüüri, Eesti välisminitseeriumi ja Eesti kaitseministeeriumi esindajate, riigikogu liikme Mart Nuti ning ajakirjanik Ahto Lobjakase arvamusi

  7. Raamaturappija / Karl Martin Sinijärv

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sinijärv, Karl Martin, 1971-

    1996-01-01

    Tubli lapse tunnikell / Tekst Leelo Tunglalt; Groom, Winston. Gump & Co; Higgins, Jack. Soolo; Winter, Arno. Sodila ehk abiks tagumises pingis igavlejale; Murphy, Warren ja Shapir, Richard. Remo Special - Vastulöök

  8. Dust settles around election results / Karl Haljasmets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Haljasmets, Karl

    2011-01-01

    6. märtsil Eestis toimunud parlamendivalimiste tulemustest. Ajakirjanik Abdul Turay leiab, et kõik riigikokku pääsenud erakonnad võivad oma tulemustega rahul olla. Tõnis Saartsi, Jüri Ratase, Aleksei Lotmani, Urmas Kruuse ja Jorgen Siili arvamusi

  9. Liivimaa orientalisti Otto Friedrich Richteri õpiaastad / Indrek Jürjo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jürjo, Indrek, 1956-2009

    2006-01-01

    Richteri koduõpetajaks oli kuulus Venemaa ajaloolane ja Tartu ülikooli kauaaegne rektor Gustav Ewers. Kõigepealt saadeti Otto prantsuse ja vene keele õppimise eesmärgil Moskva ülikooli (1808). 1809. aasta sügisest jätkus haridustee Heidelbergis, järgnes tavapärasest haridusteest eristuv erastuudium Viinis, mis kulges iseseisvate õpingute ja vahetu läbikäimise tähe all mitme tolleaegse vaimusuurusega

  10. Friedrich Nietzsche in Rene Girard’s Thought

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo Ruiz Lozano

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available René Girard is an anthropologist, who has proposed an original hypothesis about the scapegoat mechanism and the relation between violence and religion. Starting from it he intends to work out a criticism of modernity, seeking out to recuperate the role of Christianity in the culture. From this perspective, he approaches the work of F. Nietzsche showing the two faces he finds out in the thinker: his intuition about the hidden truth of violence; and his rejection of this truth, to return to the violent origins of culture.

  11. [The transformation of Friedrich the Great. A psychoanalytic study].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewy, E

    1995-08-01

    The transformation of Frederick the Great. A psychoanalytic study.--As a child and young man, Prince Frederick Hohenzollern, later King Frederick II of Prussia, flatly rejected his father's militaristic, Teutonic code of behaviour with its emphasis on dutiful service, self-abnegation and obedience. Instead he indulged his more "effeminate" leanings, taking an interest in literature, music and the unsoldierly delights provided by the courtly life of the age, and was encouraged in this by both his mother and his sister. This refusal to espouse the manly, paternal principle drove the crown prince into an increasingly vehement conflict with his father, who observed his son's indifference to all things military with growing bitterness, and finally led to a catastrophe in the course of which Frederick's closest friend was executed and he himself only just escaped his father's deadly vengeance. After this crisis, Frederick conformed more and more closely to his father's expectations and instructions and after the latter's death in 1740 developed into a ruler who enhanced Prussia's military and political glory and established a paternalistic principle that not only equalled but indeed exceeded everything that his father had stood for. The author traces in detail Frederick's astounding transformation into the "Frederick the Great" familiar to us from history books, analysing it both psychodynamically and in terms of identity theory. His conclusion is that it was the strength of Frederick's ego--itself the very prerequisite of "greatness"--that saved him from coming to grief over this conflict of identity.

  12. Friedrich August von Hayek (1899-1992)(Second Edition)

    OpenAIRE

    Ludwig van den Hauwe

    2005-01-01

    This paper is the sequel to chapter 30 of the 1999 first edition of The Elgar Companion to Law and Economics (ed. J. Backhaus). A new section has been added entitled 'An application of Hayekian law and economics: the comparative analysis of alternative monetary and banking regimes'.

  13. Friedrich Nietzsche in the National Theatre in Prague

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Bažant, Jan

    2001-01-01

    Roč. 37, [1] (2001), s. 40-61 ISSN 0046-1628 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z9062906 Keywords : personification of the art * greek gods * muses Subject RIV: AL - Art, Architecture, Cultural Heritage

  14. Dos obras de Friedrich F. Haindl, Alemania Federal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Editorial, Equipo

    1973-07-01

    Full Text Available The Asylum of Wasserburg. It is a brick construction, faced with pre-manufactured concrete pieces; its plan is rectangular and consists of: cellar (under ground, ground floor and six stories. Arrangement of cellar: kitchen with its accessory rooms, laundry, storing rooms, as well as lavatories and installations. The entry is on the ground floor, with a forged iron front door which communicates with the spacious interior hall. This floor includes: dinnig room, chapel, library and administrative rooms. The first floor is assigned to: personnel and the Sisters' rooms, including a refectory, and the appartment of the janitor. The following four floors contain the total of the residents' rooms, with a common hall on each floor. On the top floor, the centre for medical assistance with rooms of different capacities is installed. The whole is completed by a garage and a garden. The residence for old people of Berchting. It has been installed in an old convent of two floors, adding a new building which consists of: cellar, ground floor, and two and three storeys. Old and new part arc connected by means of a glass aisle. The old building contains: rooms for personnel, Sisters and nurses, the chaplain's appartments; the kitchen, dining-room, refectory and living-room; administrative rooms, lavatories and services, storing rooms and workshops. In the new building are installed the rooms for the old; the rooms for boiler, oil tanks for heating, storing rooms, workshops; dinnig-room and lobby near the connexion aisle; main kitchen and small kitchens on each floor; personnel diningroom, laundry, lavatories, living-rooms and common terrace, as well as the centre for medical assistance with 22 beds. Each bedroom has its washbasin and incorporated closet, and all the resident's rooms have individual balconies. The whole new construction has been buil with concrete, harmonizing with the large glass walls of the aisle, with the common rooms and the bed-rooms.El asilo de Wasserburg. Se trata de una construcción de ladrillo, con revestimiento de piezas prefabricadas de hormigón; tiene planta rectangular y está compuesto por: sótano, planta baja y seis superiores. En el sótano se han dispuesto: la cocina con sus dependencias, una lavandería y los locales de almacenamiento, servicios e instalaciones. La entrada se realiza por la planta baja, atravesando una cancela que comunica con el espacioso salón interior. Esta planta aloja: el comedor, la capilla, la biblioteca y los locales administrativos. La planta primera se dedicó a las dependencias del personal y a las habitaciones de las hermanas, incluyendo un refectorio y la vivienda del portero. Las cuatro plantas superiores contienen el tota! de las habitaciones de los residentes, con un salón común en cada planta. En la última se ha montado el centro asistencial, con habitaciones de distintas capacidades. El conjunto se completa con un garaje y un jardin. La residencia de ancianos de Berching. Está situada en un antiguo convento de dos plantas, añadiéndole un nuevo edificio, que consta de: sótano, planta baja y dos o tres plantas superiores. Se une al anterior mediante un pasillo acristalado. En el primer edificio se dispusieron: las habitaciones del personal, hermanas y enfermeras vivienda para el sacerdote, cocina, comedor, refectorio, sala de estar, administración, aseos y servicios, almacenes, provisiones y talleres En la nueva construcción se distribuyen: las habitaciones de los ancianos, cuarto de calderas, tanques de aceite para calefacción, almacenes, talleres, comedor y vestíbulo junto al pasillo de enlace, cocina general, cocinas pequeñas en cada planta, comedor del personal lavandería, aseos, cuartos de estar y terraza de uso común, y el centro asistencial de 22 camas Cada dormitorio va dotado de lavabo y un armario empotrado, disponiendo, además, las habitaciones de los ancianos de una terraza individual. La nueva construcción se ha realizado en su totalidad con hormigón, armonizando con las grandes superficies acristaladas de pasillos, locales comunes y dormitorios.

  15. Das Eismeer – Caspar David Friedrich and the North

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nina Hinrichs

    2008-02-01

    1840 created the work of art Das Eismeer in the years 1823/24. Besides his painting Mönch am Meer it is his most radical painting. It depicts a dramatic and grim subject: A shipwreck in the Arctic Sea. According to different cultural, historical and social contexts there have been many different interpretations of his painting since it was produced.

  16. „Ich fordre so viel Freiheit und Musse, als nötig ist, über mich selbst, über meine Bestimmung und meinen Werth als mensch zu denken“ (Moritz, 1962, 17. Zur Kunstund Freiheitskonzeption bei Karl Philipp Moritz. „Ich fordre so viel Freiheit und Musse, als nötig ist, über mich selbst, über meine Bestimmung und meinen Werth als mensch zu denken“ (Moritz, 1962, 17. On Karl Philipp Moritz’s concept of art and freedom

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krzysztof Tkaczyk

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available In 1786 in Rome, Johann Wolfgang Goethe wrote about him: “He is my younger brother; we art cut from the same mould. However, fate was against him, whereas I was fortune’s favourite.” He meant Karl Phillip Moritz (1756-1793, a German writer and art critic, Greek mythology historian, precursor of modern psychology and the author of psychological novel. If we assume that Goethe’s comments concern Moritz’s material and social status only, we would have to admit that Goethe was right. However, if we apply these judgments to the quality of his (Moritz’s works, we would be inclined to saying that in this case the great Goethe was wrong. In his aesthetic, Moritz is far more interesting and progressive than his “elder brother”; in his literary criticism – more consistent than Schiller, and in perceiving society and politics – more radical than Kant. This article is mainly on key concept regarding Moritz’s aesthetic works: the concept of beauty and its functionalism. Definition of “the work of art” as a closed, specified unity enables Moritz to get out of the frame of aesthetics itself and to enter the sphere of politics. Moritz liberates man from the restraints of utility and treats him as a noble individual who possesses the artistic value in himself.

  17. On reading Karl Barth in South Africa today: Karl Barth as public ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies. Journal Home · ABOUT THIS JOURNAL · Advanced Search · Current Issue · Archives · Journal Home > Vol 63, No 4 (2007) >. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads.

  18. Marxism as permanent revolution

    OpenAIRE

    van Ree, E.

    2013-01-01

    This article argues that the 'permanent revolution' represented the dominant element in Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels' political discourse, and that it tended to overrule considerations encapsulated in 'historical materialism'. In Marx and Engels's understanding, permanent revolution did not represent a historical shortcut under exceptional circumstances, but the course revolutions in the modern era would normally take. Marx and Engels traced back the pattern to the sixteenth century. It is ...

  19. 25 Jahre - Institut fuer Geodaesie, Teil 1: Wissenschaftliche Beitraege und Berichte (25 Years - Institute of Geodesy, Part 1: Scientific Contributions and Reports)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-01-01

    Analyse der Bahnbewegung des Mondes (E. W. BROWN, 1896) Polschwankung (SETH CARLO CHANDLER, 1885; KARL FRIEDRICH KOJSTNER, 1890; SIMON NEWCOMB, 1891, 1892...Photographic Zenith Tubes) wurden erstmals urn die Jahr- hundertwende von STOLZE (1893), RuNGE (1893), SCHNAUDER (1900) und SCHWARZSCHILD (1903) vor...Geburtstag, Eugen Kuntz zurn 70. Geburtstag, Herman MAilzer zumn 70. Geburtstag, Verbff Geod Inst U Karlsruhe, 23 5-241 SCHWARZSCHILD , K., 1903

  20. 回归实践与存在的历史认识--对卡尔·波普尔关于历史唯物主义批判的辩驳%Historical Research within Practice and Being---Critique about Karl Popper’ s Criticisms on Historical Materialism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨乐; 包大为; 王尚银

    2013-01-01

      一个世纪以来,关于历史唯物主义科学性的争论从未停止,尤其在20世纪中后期,以卡尔·波普尔为代表的科学实证主义的批判之影响最为深刻。只有从实证主义理论的工具理性入手,坚持历史唯物主义的科学理性与人道主义相结合的基本立场,坚持马克思主义哲学的实践辩证法之方法论,以及马克思主义的生存论建构,才能够对科学实证主义的批判作出有力的辩驳,为历史唯物主义正名,并还原历史唯物主义作为一个面向存在的实践历史观的理论内涵。%The argument about historical materialism has been lasting for over more than a century , among which Karl Popper ’ s criticisms were supposed to be the most influential theory .In order to make an effective critique towards Popper ’ s theory,as well as restore historical materialism as a practical conception of history , which always be oriented with being and future ,the basic methodology of Marxism ,including the practical dia-lectics with science rationality and humanism ,should always be insisted and applied .

  1. Karl Marx: um balanço biográfico = Karl Marx: an overview of his biographies = Karl Marx: un panorama de sus biografias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Segrillo, Angelo

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Muitos balanços bibliográficos/teóricos foram feitos sobre o pensamento e obras de Marx, entretanto, nunca foi realizado um balanço biográfico sobre o pensador alemão, no sentido de um balanço das biografias que foram escritas sobre sua vida, independentemente de sua obra teórica. É este balanço inédito que é oferecido aqui. Serão examinadas as principais biografias de Marx, desde a primeira (surgida dois anos após sua morte até as lançadas no século XXI. Procurar-se-á mostrar a evolução na qualidade deste tipo de trabalho, tanto no aspecto metodológico-formal como no aspecto de novas facetas factuais da vida de Marx sendo descobertas ao longo do tempo

  2. Illusionists

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N.J Wade

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Illusions have been displayed in art for millennia but they were not addressed seriously by visual science until the mid-nineteenth century when Johann Joseph Oppel referred to the small spatial distortions as ‘geometrical optical illusions’. Many of the illusion figures described thereafter bear the names of those who illustrated them. Original forms of the illusions were shown together with illusory portrayals of those who described them. These included (in chronological sequence: Jan Evangelista Purkyně, Louis Albert Necker, Michel Eugène Chevreul, Adolf Fick, Johann Karl Friedrich Zöllner, Johann Christian Poggendorff, Karl Ewald Konstantin Hering, August Kundt, Joseph-Rémi-Léopold Delbæuf, Ernst Mach, Hermann Ludwig Ferdinand Helmholtz, Ludimar Hermann, Wilhelm von Bezold, Henri Beaunis, Franz Carl Müller-Lyer, Theodor Lipps, Armand Thiéry, Wilhelm Maximilian Wundt, Hugo Münsterberg, Friedrich Schumann, Hermann Ebbinghaus, Edward Bradford Titchener, Joseph Jastrow, James Fraser, Mario Ponzo, Edgar Rubin, Matthew Luckiesh, Friedrich Sander, Walter Ehrenstein, Adelbert Ames, Richard Gregory, Gaetano Kanizsa, Michael White, Roger Shepard, and Bernd Lingelbach.

  3. Marrakech - pelgulinn Marokos : kaks kirja kodustele / Karl Rumor

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rumor, Karl, pseud., 1886-1971

    2008-01-01

    1933. aasta kirjas pojale vene, rooma ja türgi saunast ning Marseille linnast. 1934. aasta kirjas sõbrale Marokost ja teenimisvõimalusest arstina. Varem ilmunud: [osaliselt] Looming 1986, nr. 9, lk. 1261-1277

  4. Karl Marx and the Study of Media and Culture Today

    OpenAIRE

    Christian Fuchs

    2014-01-01

    The task of this paper discusses the role of Marx in analysing media, communica-tion and culture today. An analysis of three contemporary Cultural Studies works – Lawrence Grossberg’s monograph Cultural Studies in the Future Tense, John Hartley’s monograph Digital Futures for Cultural and Media Studies and Paul Smith’s edited volume The Renewal of Cultural Studies – shows that there is an agreement that the economy needs to be taken more into account by Cultural Studies, but disagreement on w...

  5. Karl Barth's male-female order as asymmetrical theoethics | Dreyer ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    including early Christianity) on his theology. The aim of the second article is to explain Barth's dogmatic disparity as the product of his neoorthodox understanding of Reformed tradition. HTS Theological Studies Vol. 63 (4) 2007: pp. 1493-1521 ...

  6. Juba kümnes PÖFF! / Karl Tamberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tamberg, Karl

    2006-01-01

    Kümnenda Pimedate Ööde Filmifestivali üritustest, esituspaikadest, programmidest (eelkõige EurAasia võistlusprogrammist ja Eesti filmide programmist), žüriist. Veidi pikemalt Marcos Carnevale mängufilmist "Elsa ja Fred" ja Rein Raamatu dokfilmist "Mikk"

  7. Teatrikirjad : veel kord "Emake maantee / Karl August Hindrey

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hindrey, Karl August, 1875-1947

    2016-01-01

    Saksa kirjanike näidenditest: Wilhelm Schmidtbonni "Mutter Landstraße: das Ende einer Jugend" ("Emake maantee: ühe nooruse lõpp"), näidendi tõlkis eesti keelde 1911. a. Ernst Enno ja 1920ndatel Heino Anto. Fritz Stavenhagen "Mewsi ema", tõlkinud Anna Haava Vanemuise laval

  8. Who is the sinner? The view of Karl Barth

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    UPuser

    the image and character of the sinner as mirrored by the obedient suffering and ... People's self-knowledge through .... person. The sin of human pride in the relationship with God is such a shortfall ..... For this reason we pray: Our Father, .... how this part could have become the authoritative Word of God to him in order.

  9. A ideia de ciência em Karl Marx

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Luís Chaves Feijó

    2015-12-01

    ideias: a economia política clássica e o legado alemão. Em seguida, investiga-se o que seria a sua concepção particular de ciência, entendida como uma proposta de fundir esses dois legados. Avalia-se, em seguida, o caráter científico da contribuição marxiana, entendida como o fazer de uma ciência que se propõe positiva. Destarte, iremos examinar as razões que separam a tradição marxiana e o mainstream da economia atual, mostrando que a natureza peculiar de uma ciência de raízes alemãs gera dificuldades na comunicação entre uma e outra.

  10. La verdad comunicativa como reto creativo en Karl Jaspers.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paula Arizpe

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available This new approach to Jaspers' communicative truth as a creative challenge is focused on an analysis of the diverse modes of truth grasped by the self, first as an empirical conciousness, then as a free Existenz. This enables to develop a transcendent methodology to grow in freedom and enhances the horizons of the self integrating him to Trascendence, in a concrete tempo-spacial reference by means of game. This game becomes as open and challenging as he is capable to grasp truth in all its profoundness.

  11. La verdad comunicativa como reto creativo en Karl Jaspers.

    OpenAIRE

    Paula Arizpe

    2013-01-01

    This new approach to Jaspers' communicative truth as a creative challenge is focused on an analysis of the diverse modes of truth grasped by the self, first as an empirical conciousness, then as a free Existenz. This enables to develop a transcendent methodology to grow in freedom and enhances the horizons of the self integrating him to Trascendence, in a concrete tempo-spacial reference by means of game. This game becomes as open and challenging as he is capable to grasp truth in all its pro...

  12. HectoMAPping the Universe. Karl Schwarzschild Award Lecture 2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geller, Margaret J.; Hwang, Ho Seong

    2015-06-01

    During the last three decades progress in mapping the Universe from an age of 400 000 years to the present has been stunning. Instrument/telescope combinations have naturally determined the sampling of various redshift ranges. Here we outline the impact of the Hectospec on the MMT on exploration of the Universe in the redshift range 0.2 ⪉ z ⪉ 0.8. We focus on dense redshift surveys, SHELS and HectoMAP. SHELS is a complete magnitude limited survey covering 8 square degrees. The HectoMAP survey combines a red-selected dense redshift survey and a weak lensing map covering 50 square degrees. Combining the dense redshift survey with a Subaru HyperSuprimeCam (HSC) weak lensing map will provide a powerful probe of the way galaxies trace the distribution of dark matter on a wide range of physical scales.

  13. Lühike pilk Palestiina siseoludesse / Karl Rumor

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rumor, Karl, pseud., 1886-1971

    2008-01-01

    Konfliktist Palestiinas juutide ja araablaste vahel, juutide immigratsioonist ja Iisraeli riigi loomise soovist. Palestiina loodusest, juutlusest ja kristlusest Palestiinas,Tel Avivist. Poliitlistest oludest Egiptuses. Varem ilmunud: Uus Eesti 19.-20., 22.-26., 30. jaan. 1938, nr. 18-19, 21-25, 29

  14. Kelle silmast otsida palki? : [essee] / Karl Ast Rumor

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rumor, Karl, pseud., 1886-1971

    2009-01-01

    Essee on ajendatud ametlikust teadaandest, mis lubab kuni olümpiamängude lõpuni viisavabalt Soome siseneda. Autor muretseb võimaluse pärast samamoodi vabalt riigist lahkuda, mitte sattuda Nõukogude raudeesriide taha. Käsitletakse ka Soome saatust ja hoiakuid üldisemalt

  15. MOISTURE IN COTTON BY THE KARL FISCHER TITRATION REFERENCE METHOD

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moisture is a critical parameter that influences many aspects of cotton fiber from harvesting and ginning to various fiber properties. Because of their importance, reference moisture methods that are more accurate than the existing oven-drying techniques and relatively easy to generate results are ...

  16. ITIC Teacher Eurocard - õpetajate kaart Ühispangast / Karl Multer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Multer, Karl, 1977-

    2001-01-01

    Ühispangal on valminud õpetajatele ja õppejõududele mõeldud pangakaart ITIC Teacher Eurocard, milles on ühendatud rahvusvaheline õpetaja/õppejõu staatust tõendav dokument ja pangakaart ning mis võimaldab mitmeid soodustusi nii Eestis kui ka mujal maailmas

  17. [Öös on valgust...] / Karl Kello

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kello, Karl, 1950-

    2009-01-01

    Iirimaalt alguse saanud liikumise Libertas, millest on kujunemas esimene üleeuroopaline erakond, eesmärkidest muuta Euroopa paremini toimivaks. Esikohale on seatud demokraatia arendamine esmatasandil ning läbipaistvuse ja vastutuse suurendamine, samuti võitlus eurobürokraatia vastu. Libertas Eesti Erakonna esimees on Jaan Laas

  18. "Zolotõje" ostrova i stranõ / Karl Raud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raud, Karl

    2000-01-01

    Offshore-firmad - miks neid vaja on, kuidas registreerida sellist firmat, pangaarve avamine offshore firma jaoks. Artikli ettevalmistamisel on kasutatud raamatut "Offshore: the way to a legal business"

  19. Lógica y ética en Karl Popper

    OpenAIRE

    Artigas, M. (Mariano)

    2005-01-01

    Popper’s philosophy is usually interpreted as a fallibilist episte-mology that, when applied to the social theory, serves as the foun-dation of the open society. It is argued here that the reverse is also true, namely that Popper’s theory of knowledge has some ethical roots whose analysis provides us with a better understanding of Popper’s thought.

  20. Vesilennukiangaaride saatus / Karl Õiger, Heiki Onton

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Õiger, Karl, 1933-

    2003-01-01

    Tallinna Miinisadamas asuvate vesilennukite angaaride ajaloost, praegusest tehnilisest seisukorrast, restaureerimisprojektist. Üks maailma esimestest raudbetoonkoorikutest, ehitatud 1916-1917. EV muinsuskaitse objekt. Järg: nr. 6, lk. 56-58. Sisaldab bibliogr. 17 ill

  1. Karl IV. ohne Kaiserkrone im Historischen Museum der Stadt Wien

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Hlobil, Ivo

    2016-01-01

    Roč. 64, č. 6 (2016), s. 516-522 ISSN 0049-5123 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA13-39192S Institutional support: RVO:68378033 Keywords : Gothic sculpture * Vienna * imperial crone * destruction Subject RIV: AL - Art, Architecture, Cultural Heritage

  2. Historical consciousness and existential awareness in Karl Barth's ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies. Journal Home · ABOUT · Advanced Search · Current Issue · Archives · Journal Home > Vol 63, No 4 (2007) >. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads.

  3. [Salzburg 1908. Karl Abraham caught between Freud and Jung].

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Schoonheten, Anna Bentinck

    2010-01-01

    The first psychoanalytic congress in Salzburg has often been described as a great success with one blemish: a conflict between Jung and Abraham, mainly caused by the rivalry in Abraham's behaviour. A new study of the material, and taking Abraham's perspective, provides a different view. Abraham, still a beginner in psychoanalysis, got in the way of Freud and Jung who at that time had a deep theoretical disagreement. In the end they both blamed Abraham.

  4. [Diuretics in heart failure and Karl Popper's turkey].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cice, Gennaro

    2015-12-01

    Heart failure and renal failure often coexist in the same patient. This condition is commonly referred to as cardiorenal syndrome. When this occurs, patient survival worsens significantly with increasing degree of renal dysfunction. Management of this complex patient poses treatment challenges because of unstable hemodynamics (the problem is to reduce congestion without affecting organ perfusion) and very high mid-term in-hospital mortality. Congestion is a typical feature of this syndrome, and use of diuretics is mandatory. Loop diuretics should be administered first. However, poor attention to pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic properties of loop diuretics may contribute to the development of diuretic resistance leading to iatrogenic hyponatremia. Accordingly, emphasis is given to the importance of sequential nephron blockade to reduce the number of non-responder patients to diuretics and to recognize a possible role for acquaretics.

  5. Acerca del renovado interés por Karl Polanyi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joan Subirats

    Full Text Available ¿Cómo es posible que un libro escrito hace setenta años despierte hoy un renovado interés y que sirva para hacer mejores diagnósticos sobre la crisis económica y sus posibles alternativas? En este texto trataremos de dar respuesta a este interrogante, mostrando los elementos que hacen de la obra de Polanyi un buen punto de partida para observar la crisis de legitimidad política y los problemas de relación entre economía de mercado y sistema político. La crítica de Polanyi a la naturalización de la economía de mercado es hoy plenamente actual.

  6. Money, Interest, and Capital Accumulation in Karl Marx’s

    OpenAIRE

    Eckhard Hein

    2005-01-01

    Starting from Schumpeter’s important distinction between „real analysis“ and „monetary analysis“, in this paper it is shown that major elements of Marx’s economic theory fall in the camp of monetary analysis and the implications for Marx’s theory of capital accumulation are derived. First, Marx’s theory of labour value has to be considered a „monetary theory of value“ because „abstract labour“ as the social substance of value cannot be measured without a social standard of value. Money as a s...

  7. [The concept of "understanding" (Verstehen) in Karl Jaspers].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villareal, Helena; Aragona, Massimiliano

    2014-01-01

    This article explores the relationship between empathy and psychopathology. It deals with the concept of "understanding" in Jaspers' General Psychopathology, 100 years after the publication of its first edition. The Jaspersian proposal has the person and his/her experience as its primary object of study, just as in Ortegas' vital reason. Jaspers' understanding is not rational but empathetic, based on the co-presence of emotional content and detailed descriptions. Jaspers' methodology is essentially pluralistic, considering both explanation and understanding, necessary for psychopathology. Despite certain limits, the concept of understanding is the backbone of the psychopathological reasoning, and has proven useful over a century of clinical practice. However, it needs a review covering the recent epistemological and clinical findings. "To be understandable" is a relational property that emerges from a semiotic process. Therefore, an effective psychology should encompass an inter-subjective process, and get away from strict rationalism.

  8. Kedagi õpetades õpime alati ka ise / Karl Karlep, Kaja Plado

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karlep, Karl, 1939-

    2003-01-01

    Artiklis analüüsitakse koolipraktikale eelnevat ettevalmistust ja selle teoreetilist baasi, praktikajuhendajate meeskonnatööd ning vajakajäämiste põhjusi, metoodiku potentsiaalset rolli praktika juhandamisel ning realiseerimise eeldusi, avatud ülikooli (kaugõppe) praktika korraldamise probleeme. Ettepanekuid praktikakorralduseks TÜ eripedagoogika osakonna kogemuse põhjal

  9. Learning according to Karl Popper and Thomas Kuhn

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nuno Borja-Santos

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The author presents in a short introduction the organization of this paper. Then he refers, in the first chapter, the popperian model of learning and its implications in the austrian philosopher's ideas about scientific evolution. Secondly, the author presents the kuhnian model with a special focus in the theories about paradigms and scientific evolution. Finally, there is a short chapter about the main similarities and differences between the two philosophers in these matters.

  10. Karl R. Popper, 1992: About the EPR controversy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Combourieu, Marie-Christine

    1992-10-01

    Sir K. R. Popper's experimental schemes challenge the Copenhagen interpretation of quantum theory, principally Heisenberg's indeterminacy relations and the EPR paradox. “The so-called Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen paradox is not a paradox. It is a theoretical statement in expectation of an interpretation,” says K. R. Popper in this interview. “My experiment ought to be a classical experiment. It is very simple and free from any additional assumption. It should really be done.”

  11. Karl Marx & Communication @ 200: Towards a Marxian Theory of Communication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian Fuchs

    2018-05-01

    Full Text Available This contribution takes Marx’s bicentenary as occasion for reflecting on foundations of a Marxian theory of communication. It aims to show that Marx provides a consistent account as foundation for a critical, dialectical theory of communication. The article first discusses the relationship of communication and materialism in order to ground a communicative materialism that avoids the dualist assumption that communication is a superstructure erected on a material base. Second, the paper provides an overview of how Marx’s approach helps us to understand the role of the means of communication and communicative labour in capitalism. Third, it conceives of ideology as a form of fetishised communication and fetishism as ideological communication. Given that communicative capitalism is a significant dimension of contemporary society, it is about time to develop a Marxian theory of communication.

  12. Head lood halvast ajast / Karl Martin Sinijärv

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sinijärv, Karl Martin, 1971-

    2003-01-01

    Arvustus: Akunin, Boriss. Azazel : romaan / vene keelest tõlkinud Jüri Ojamaa. [Tallinn] : Tänapäev, 2003; Akunin, Boriss. Türgi gambiit : romaan / vene keelest tõlkinud Veronika Einberg. [Tallinn] : Tänapäev, 2003; Akunin, Boriss. Leviathan. Tallinn : Tänapäev, 2003

  13. Max Karl Ernst Ludwig Planck (1858-1947

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robitaille P.-M.

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available October 4th, 2007 marks the 60th anniversary of Planck’s death. Planck was not only the father of Quantum Theory. He was also a man of profound moral and ethical values, with far reaching philosophical views. Though he lived a life of public acclaim for his discovery of the Blackbody radiation formula which bares his name, his personal life was beset with tragedy. Yet, Planck never lost his deep faith and belief in a personal God. He was admired by Einstein, not so much for his contributions to physics, but rather, for the ideals which he embodied as a person. In this work, a brief synopsis is provided on Planck, his life, and his philosophical writings. It is hoped that this will serve as an invitation to revisit the philosophical works of the man who, more than any other, helped set the course of early 20th century physics.

  14. Karl Polanyi og utopien om det fri marked

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christiansen, Christian O.

    2012-01-01

    policies. The thesis of TGT is that the great wars and crisis of Western civilization in the 20th century should be seen against the backdrop of the 19th century’s liberal civilisation. Polanyi argues that the attempt to create a liberal, free market world order was crucial for the later breakdown...... century liberal civilization, economic relationships and markets were ‘embedded’ in social relationships, 19th century ‘liberal utopia’ was an attempt to embed societies into markets. In this ‘master narrative’ of Western civilization, Polanyi traces the historical trajectory of the market, its...... of Western civilization. Polanyi’s concept of a ‘double movement’ traces the historical dialectic between the creation of free markets, and the reactions against these. Central to the legacy of Polanyi is his concept of ‘embeddedness’, which has become a key concept in economic sociology. Whereas before 19th...

  15. A fórmula do mundo segundo Karl Popper

    OpenAIRE

    Pereira, Julio Cesar Rodrigues

    2009-01-01

    Essa tese pretende defender o seguinte argumento: a filosofia de Popper, devido ao seu interesse primordialmente cosmológico, somente pode ser corretamente compreendida enquanto sistema, isto é, enquanto explicação global da realidade entendida em seus dois pontos basilares: Metafísica e Teoria do Conhecimento. No Capítulo I argumentaremos que na base da ciência moderna temos Copérnico e Galileu. O primeiro não parte de problemas concretos nem de dados observacionais, na linguagem de Popper o...

  16. Karl Brown's Hardscrabble Roots Prepared Him for His Medicaid Mission.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diamond, Frank

    2018-04-01

    The CMO of Molina Healthcare of Utah grew up, let's say, not rich. He says that and a varied background-including a stint in the Air Force-helps him deal with changing policies involving a challenging population.

  17. Nyyd!! : [luuletused] / Karl Martin Sinijärv

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sinijärv, Karl Martin, 1971-

    1998-01-01

    Sisu: Nyyd!! ; Sõnad ; Forever ; Dekadentiline ; No name ; Axioomid ; Salatanze ruumityhi ; "soome-ugri rahvatants..." ; On ; Nirvaana ; Avastus ; Hyvastijätt ; "Valget veini andke mulle, tyybid..." ; "Raev rebib rindasid kyynistel kurjadel..." ; "Miks mitte mõrvata, kui nälgib näitlejanna..." ; "jah tapke tapke tapke kõiki teisi..." ; Cornelia ; docheri rodiny ; "Surm tuleb mõne võõra mehe kujul..." ; "Nõid naerda nutab, syytus syytab sysi..." ; "Veel vähe vargseid väreleb vinjette..." ; "Las leegitseb su pilgu all mu nimi..." ; "Kui templitrepilt otsin juudaseekleid..." ; "harv juhtum on et mõtlen jälle sinust..." ; "Sa näed - päev vaikib ega vasta sulle..." ; "hallaööde hallituse halin..." ; "ma kirjutan teemast mööda..." ; "Pimedusest ja surmast..." ; "Kus on mu päevade ratas..." ; "Öö mask..." ; "kohiseb maailma vaim kõiksuse teedel..." ; "kalkun..." ; "olla kalkun..." ; "kalkun kui parim..." ; "perekond ja kodu..." ; "rebaste reede..." ; "olla või mitte olla..." ; "ja mata kalkun verevasse merre..." ; "paremates peredes..." ; "kahekordne sildnik..." "läheb portselanipoodi..." ; "loobun..." ; "tokolopopulos..." ; "siiski..." ; "elu on igal pool elu..." ; "kes eelistab sotsialismile..." ; "karu tuli koopast..." ; "mo äär..." ; "meri on paksem kui mesi..." ; "veriorel kõriora..." ; "kopsudest kõik koorukesed..." ; abiks algajale isale ; "ma tahan nendest punastest tassidest juua..." ; "Väikese Matthiase Sõbra Laul Nõrkevale Yhiskonnale ; "ma naeran. vabadust ja iseoma armu..." ; "kui diktaator kui asine asjamees alfreedo..." ; "nyyd armu..." ; "Päikeseid..." ; (üdiviidingut üüdes---)

  18. 论波普尔对马克思的批评%Karl Popper's Criticism on Karl Marx

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王洪琛

    2010-01-01

    英国现代哲学家卡尔·波普尔从批判理性主义角度,对马克思主义的理论与实践展开了令人耳目一新的分析与批判.他认为,马克思主义的理论贡献之一在于它的历史主义.但事实上,历史主义只是一种致力于对社会实践进行整体规划与长远安排的不可证伪的教条式科学.我们应该倡导一种“零星社会工程”理念,在“猜想—反驳”的基础上遵循社会演进的本来规律.不过,波普尔同时又区别了马克思主义与马克思本人的理论,并对后者表达了自己由衷的敬佩之情.在思想史的意义上,这是审慎的理性对“理性的自负”的一次胜出,富于积极的理论价值,值得我们加以关注.

  19. Les limites du capitalisme selon Joseph Schumpeter et Karl Marx The limits of capitalism by Joseph Schumpeter and Karl Marx

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Omer Moussaly

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available À jongler avec les mérites et les ratés de la théorie de Marx et de ses adeptes, Schumpeter semble vouloir s’imposer en tant qu’arbitre unique et impartial du marxisme. Bien qu’il reconnaisse plusieurs mérites à la conception économique de Marx, Schumpeter soulève de multiples limites à l’analyse des marxistes orthodoxes qui ne font que corroborer sa prise de position critique du marxisme. Une lecture des critiques et des réponses que Schumpeter a adressées au marxisme permet de révéler les points communs et les divergences entre les deux auteurs. Chez Schumpeter comme chez Marx, le capitalisme est un mode passager de la production sociale. Schumpeter se fixe comme objectif de combler la lacune des marxistes qui n’ont pas su identifier les vraies raisons du dépérissement du capitalisme. Il lui fallait relever le défi de critiquer certains adeptes de Marx sans pour autant s’en prendre trop au fondateur du marxisme auquel il vouait une admiration sincère.Juggling with the merits and flaws of Marx and his followers, Schumpeter seems to be acting as an impartial judge, especially since he eliminates the extreme arguments of both the Marxists and their opponents. His technique seeks to make his position unassailable from either side of the debate. Although he recognizes several merits to the economic conceptions of Marx, Schumpeter points out several limits of orthodox Marxists which only confirm his critical position towards Marxism. A careful reading of Schumpeter’s commentary on Marxism reveals many points in common between himself and Marx. For Schumpeter as for Marx, capitalism is a transitory and historically limited social mode of production. Unlike most Marxists, who merely repeated ideological slogans from the works of Marx, Schumpeter believed he had discovered the true reasons behind capitalism’s demise. With his critique of Marxism, Schumpeter did not wish to diminish the merit of its founder, but rather to save what he thought was valuable in the doctrine of Marx.

  20. Forgotten Bibles: Friedrich Max Müller’s Edition of the Sacred Books of the East

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Molendijk, Arie

    2016-01-01

    Max Müller’s edition of the Sacred Books of the East (1879-1910) is doubtless one of the most ambitious and daring editorial projects of late Victorian scholarship. This essay examines the claim that these translations ratify a whole taxonomy of concepts and procedures that will characterize the