WorldWideScience

Sample records for kardiomyopati-genetisk verificeret ved

  1. Pludselig uventet død--hypertrofisk kardiomyopati--genetisk verificeret ved obduktionen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Maiken Kudahl; Banner, Jytte; Jensen, Henrik Kjaerulf

    2009-01-01

    Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) may have sudden death as its first presentation. This case presentation describes a 25-year-old man with post-mortem finding of previously unknown left ventricular hypertrophy. Genetic analysis revealed a mutation in the myosin-binding protein C (MYBPC3). Autopsy...... combined with molecular genetic screening for mutations may give the relatives certainty of cause of death and the opportunity for genetic screening for diagnosis and treatment as well as prevention of sudden cardiac death....

  2. Pludselig uventet død--hypertrofisk kardiomyopati--genetisk verificeret ved obduktionen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Maiken Kudahl; Lundemose, Jytte Banner; Jensen, Henrik Kjaerulf

    2009-01-01

    Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) may have sudden death as its first presentation. This case presentation describes a 25-year-old man with post-mortem finding of previously unknown left ventricular hypertrophy. Genetic analysis revealed a mutation in the myosin-binding protein C (MYBPC3). Autopsy...... combined with molecular genetic screening for mutations may give the relatives certainty of cause of death and the opportunity for genetic screening for diagnosis and treatment as well as prevention of sudden cardiac death. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Sep-21...

  3. Ved vejen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dahl, Per; Dalsgaard, Birgitte

    2012-01-01

    iBogs-udgave af Herman Bang: Ved Vejen, inkl. 646 ordforklaringer, 4 introduktioner, 4 anmeldelser, opgaver, 4 videoklip, 1 lydfil, 48 illustrationer, 3 stilesæt, litteraturliste......iBogs-udgave af Herman Bang: Ved Vejen, inkl. 646 ordforklaringer, 4 introduktioner, 4 anmeldelser, opgaver, 4 videoklip, 1 lydfil, 48 illustrationer, 3 stilesæt, litteraturliste...

  4. Ligestilling ved Aarhus Universitet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Mathias Wullum; Vinther, Ulrik Lerbech; Kalpazidou Schmidt, Evanthia;

    2015-01-01

    Med denne rapport ønsker forskningsgruppen under det FP7-finansierede projekt STAGES (Stuctural Transformations to Achieve Gender Equality in Science) ved Dansk Center for Forskningsanalyse (Institut for Statskundskab, Aarhus Universitet), at bidrage med fakta-baserede indspark til...

  5. Computertomografi anvendt ved retsmedicinske obduktioner

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leth, Peter Mygind; Christoffersen, Søren

    2008-01-01

    Introduktion: Billeddiagnostiske metoder er ved at vinde indpas ved retsmedicinske obduktioner. Her redegøres for vores erfaringer med computertomografi (CT) ved retslægelige dødsfald. Materiale og metoder: Retrospektiv dobbeltblindet undersøgelse af 150 afdøde mennesker som blev CT-scannet og ob...

  6. Alternativ varmebehandling ved LSI

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dickow, Jonatan Ahrens; Nielsen, Martin Thorup; Jakobsen, Mogens

    2011-01-01

    Valleproteiner benyttes som ingrediens i mange fødevarer pga. deres funktionelle egenskaber fx evnen til at binde vand og skabe struktur. Varmebehandling kan medføre denaturering af valleproteiner og ved ostefremstilling er det negativt med for meget valleprotein i ostemassen, mens en høj...... mikrobiologisk sikkerhed er et ufravigeligt krav. Samtidig medrører høj varmehandling ofte at mælkens enzymer inaktiveres. Hypotesen for projektet er, at den korte holdetid ved LSI behandling gør varmehandlingen mere skånsom over for mælkens proteiner og enzymer end traditionel varmebehandling med indirekte...

  7. Supervisors interventioner ved parallelprocesser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jacobsen, Claus Haugaard

    2006-01-01

    Artiklen reflekterer over supervisors anvendelse af, holdning til og intervention ved parallelprocesser. Parallelprocesser betegner en række mere eller mindre forskellige fænomener, der alle har til fælles, at en relation eller et tema i det psykoterapeutiske forhold gentages i det supervisoriske...

  8. Etiske betragtninger ved supervision

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jacobsen, Claus Haugaard; Agerskov, Kirsten

    2007-01-01

    Kapitlet præsenterer nogle etiske betragtninger ved supervision. Mens der længe har eksisteret etiske retningslinjer for psykoterapeutisk arbejde, har der overraskende nok manglet tilsvarende vejledninger på supervisionsområdet. Det betyder imidlertid ikke, at de ikke er relevante. I kapitlet gøres...

  9. Skalmure ved udvendig efterisolering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Høffding Knutsson, H.

    Anvisningen giver en detaljeret beskrivelse af arbejdsmetoder ved skalmuring af fleretages bygninger og gennemgår de mange byggetekniske forhold der skal samordnes, når ældre eller nyere bygninger ønskes beklædt med skalmure. Anvisningen henvender sig til byggeriets teknikere, entreprenører og my...

  10. Flere facetter ved informationskompetence

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjer, Sidsel Fallesen

    2012-01-01

    Den relationelle tilgang til informationskompetence præsenteret af Christine Bruce rummer flere perspektiver for undervisning i informationskompetence. Ved hjælp af spørgeskemaundersøgelser, observationer og interviews afdækkes og analyseres hvilke opfattelser af informationskompetence, der kan i...

  11. Flere facetter ved informationskompetence

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjer, Sidsel Fallesen

    2012-01-01

    Den relationelle tilgang til informationskompetence præsenteret af Christine Bruce rummer flere perspektiver for undervisning i informationskompetence. Ved hjælp af spørgeskemaundersøgelser, observationer og interviews afdækkes og analyseres hvilke opfattelser af informationskompetence, der kan i...

  12. Pressestivhed ved Verikal Belansning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Paludan-Withen, Carsten; Marstrand, Jonas

    Dette projekt er udarbejdet som et polyteknisk midtvejsprojekt på Institut for Produktion og Ledelse. Det indgår som en del af EU-projektet Impress [1.], der drejer sig om at bestemme produktionspressers udbøjning under forskellige belastninger. Grundlaget for dette er, at man ved at kende en pre...

  13. Omkommet ved Brand

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leth, Peter Mygind

      Afhandlingen består af tre delundersøgelser. Den første undersøgelse er en hypotesegenererende case-only undersøgelse af branddødsfald i hele landet i 1953-57 og 1988-92. I de to perioder omkom henholdsvis136 og 362 personer ved brandulykker. Mange af de omkomne var alkoholpåvirkede eller...

  14. Læseevaluering ved skolestart

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Dorthe Klint

    2009-01-01

    Artiklen omhandler sprogscreening ved skolestart og giver et bud på hvilke konkret prøver en sådan screening kunne indeholde.......Artiklen omhandler sprogscreening ved skolestart og giver et bud på hvilke konkret prøver en sådan screening kunne indeholde....

  15. Boomtown ved Bosporus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Østergaard, Uffe

    2013-01-01

    Istanbul har som ingen anden by i Europa oplevet en kolossal vækst inden for de seneste 10 år, og har på kunst- og kultursiden overhalet avantgarde byen Madrid. Historiker og professor ved CBS Uffe Østergård kan fortælle, at Tyskland nu oplever et sandt boom af unge trendy tyskere med tyrkiske rø...... rødder, der vender tilbage til Istanbul og finder arbejde pga. byens nye, hippe image....

  16. Vindscreening ved Multimediehuset

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Michael R.; Lauridsen, Thomas Bank

    Formålet med denne undersøgelse er at afklare, hvorvidt opførelsen af Multimediehuset på Århus Havn vil medføre uhensigtsmæssige vindforhold for bygningens brugere og fodgængere i området omkring bygningen. Analysen bliver foretaget som en vindscreening og har derfor fokus på lokale forstærkninge...... af vinden. En vindklimaanalyse har større fokus på, om komforten og sikkerheden i et område er overskredet i et større tidsrum, end det kan accepteres. For at svare på det, er der behov for en mere detaljeret og større model samt en mere detaljeret behandling af vindstatistikken. Ved en...

  17. Gennemførelsesvejledning ved universiteter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2009-01-01

    Undervisningsmateriale til uddannelse for AC-vejeldere ved universiteter: interview om gennemførelsesvejledning Fysisk medie: DVD......Undervisningsmateriale til uddannelse for AC-vejeldere ved universiteter: interview om gennemførelsesvejledning Fysisk medie: DVD...

  18. Polakkerne i slaget ved Nyborg

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frandsen, Karl-Erik

    2009-01-01

    I slaget ved Nyborg november 1659, hvor den danske hær sammen med de allierede tilføjede svenskerne et betydeligt nederlag, deltog også et polsk kavalleri-regiment. Artiklen belyser baggrunden for regimentets deltagelse og diskuterer efterfølgende rygter om de polske soldaters usædvanlige grusomhed....

  19. Mikrobiologisk diagnostik ved sygdomme i mundhulen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fiehn, Nils-Erik

    2012-01-01

    Status for diagnostik af bakterier og gærsvampe ved mundhulesygdommene caries, marginal parodontitis, følgesygdomme efter disse samt infektioner i den orale mucosa......Status for diagnostik af bakterier og gærsvampe ved mundhulesygdommene caries, marginal parodontitis, følgesygdomme efter disse samt infektioner i den orale mucosa...

  20. Bio-Matematik ved Roskilde Universitet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ottesen, Johnny T.

    2010-01-01

    Ved Institut for Natur, Systemer og Modeller ved Roskilde Universitet finder man en velkonsolideret gruppe af forskere, BioMath-gruppen, der beskæftiger sig med Bio-Matematik og Bio-Medicinsk Modellering. Faktisk startede BioMath-gruppen på det tidligere Institut for Studiet af Matematik og Fysik...... pumper; 3) Endokrin fysiologi; 4) Type 1 og type 2 diabetes; 5) Populationsdynamik og sygdomsspredning; og 6) Parameterestimering i patient-specifikke modeller.   Udover overnævnte modelleringsområder har vi ved instituttet en stærk tradition for at beskæftige os med metaaspekter af modellering, f...

  1. Zoo handlede helt korrekt ved at aflive Marius

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sabir, Fatima

    2014-01-01

    Det syntes rimeligt at konkludere, at Zoo har handlet helt korrekt og etisk forsvarligt ved aflivningen af giraffen.......Det syntes rimeligt at konkludere, at Zoo har handlet helt korrekt og etisk forsvarligt ved aflivningen af giraffen....

  2. Utfordringene ved BREEAM og implementeringsprosessen i byggeprosjekter

    OpenAIRE

    Wehmer, Anders Edvin Haakensen; Flo, Celine Elise

    2015-01-01

    I denne oppgaven belyses utfordringene ved implementering av BREEAM i byggeprosjekter. Implementeringen er både omfattende og tidkrevende for flere aktører i bransjen. Det er fremdeles nytt for mange, og ikke alle har klart å tilegne seg nok kunnskap. Formålet med denne oppgaven er å kartlegge utfordringene og eventuelt utbredelsen av dem, for så å komme med forslag til forbedring for å lette fremtidig arbeid. Kvalitativ metode, ved semistrukturert dybdeintervju, er benyttet som forsknings...

  3. Omkostningseffektivitet ved hypertensionsbehandling med Losartan i Danmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Keiding, Hans; Hildebrandt, Per; Burke, Thomas;

    2006-01-01

    Formålet med denne analyse var set såvel fra samfundets som fra det danske sundhedsvæsens perspektiv at evaluere omkostningseffektiviteten af losartan sammenlignet med atenolol ved behandling af hypertension, baseret på Losartan Intervention For Endpoint (LIFE)-undersøgelsens data Udgivelsesdato...

  4. Omkostningseffektivitet ved hypertensionsbehandling med Losartan i Danmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Keiding, Hans; Hildebrandt, Per; Burke, Thomas

    2006-01-01

    Formålet med denne analyse var set såvel fra samfundets som fra det danske sundhedsvæsens perspektiv at evaluere omkostningseffektiviteten af losartan sammenlignet med atenolol ved behandling af hypertension, baseret på Losartan Intervention For Endpoint (LIFE)-undersøgelsens data Udgivelsesdato...

  5. Digitale leverancer ved aflevering af byggeri

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bertelsen, Niels Haldor; Sørensen, Nils Lykke; Shaukat, Fatima

    Udviklingen af det digitale byggeri i Danmark har haft meget fokus på klassifikation, fælles standarder og digitale værktøjer, som skal understøtte en centralt styret bygningsmodel. Der er ved at ske et paradigmeskift, hvor den praktiske anvendelse af IKT i de enkelte faggrupper er mere i centrum...

  6. Forlægning ved Kolind

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Steenfelt, Jørgen S.; Thøgersen, Lotte

    I forbindelse med Kalø-Kolind, km 8,2-10,O : Forlægning ved Kolind skal der etableres en vej ud over et blødbundsområde med 3-9 m blødbund. Den nye vej forventes placeret 1,5 á 2,O m over eksisterende terræn og forventes forbelastet med en overhøjde på ca 2 m, svarende til en tillægsspænding Δσ ´1...... materialet fra disse prøverør er der udført 3 konsolideringsforsøg og 2 triaksialforsøg ved Geotekniklaboratoriet på Aalborg Universitet svarende til COWIs beskrivelse i fax dateret 1997- 08-28 og 97-09-23. Datarapport 1 indeholder de bearbejdede resultater fra disse forsøg....

  7. Effekter ved udlicitering af offentlige opgaver

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Ole Helby; Hjelmar, Ulf; Vrangbæk, Karsten;

    2014-01-01

    Denne rapport præsenterer resultaterne af en systematisk forskningsoversigt over studier af effekter af udlicitering publiceret i perioden 2011-2014. Forskningsoversigten opdaterer en AKF-rapport fra 2011, som gennemgik publicerede undersøgelser af effekter ved udlicitering i perioden 2000-2011 (......-2014. Indsamlingen og vurderingen af studier er afsluttet d. 27. oktober 2014, hvilket betyder, at studier udgivet efter denne dato ikke indgår i forskningsoversigten....

  8. Smøremekanismer ved mekanisk formgivning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bech, Jakob Ilsted; Bay, Niels; Eriksen, Morten

    1997-01-01

    I dette arbejde undersøges den Mikro Plasto Hydrodynamiske smøremekanisme som optræder ved plastisk formgivning, når hydrostatisk indfanget smøremiddel i overfladelommer trænger ud i den omgivende kontakt, og skaber lokale smørefilm mellem emne og værktøj.Smøremekanismen observeres og videofilmes...

  9. Hvad er fantastisk ved HBO-serien Game of Thrones?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schubart, Rikke

    2013-01-01

    Blogindlæg på videnskab.dk, kaldt "Hvad er fantastisk ved HBO-serien Game of Thrones?" om HBO tv-serien Game of Thrones......Blogindlæg på videnskab.dk, kaldt "Hvad er fantastisk ved HBO-serien Game of Thrones?" om HBO tv-serien Game of Thrones...

  10. Biomarkører ved diabetes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kåre I. Birkeland

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Diabetes er en av våre vanligste folkesykdommer. Diagnosen stilles ved måling av glukose i plasma eller fullblod, enten etter 8-12 timers faste eller 2 timer etter en peroral glukosebelastningstest. De våtkjemiske målemetodene har gjennomgående god presisjon, mens tørrkjemiske metoder er for unøyaktige til diagnostiske formål og i de fleste tilfeller også til forskningsformål. Glykert hemoglobin (HbA1c gjenspeiler gjennomsnittlig blodglukosekonsentrasjon de siste 6-8 uker og er en viktig parameter for å bedømme blodsukkerkontrollen hos pasienter med diabetes. Målemetodene for HbA1c har varierende kvalitet og det er flere feilkilder det er viktig å kjenne til for å bedømme resultatene. Måling av insulin og C-peptid brukes dels til å skille mellom type 1-diabetes og type 2-diabetes, og dels for å kvantitere insulinsekresjon og insulinresistens hos personer med og uten diabetes. Ved type 1-diabetes er oftest autoantistoffer mot betacelleantigener til stede i serum, det vanligste er antistoff mot glutaminsyre decarboxylase (anti-GAD. Nylig er det utviklet målemetoder for flere avanserte glykerte endeprodukter (AGE som kanskje kan være til hjelp i å predikere diabetiske senkomplikasjoner bedre enn måling av HbA1c alene.

  11. Epidemiologi ved systemisk lupus erythematosus (SLE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Inge-Margrethe Gilboe

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Det er utført få epidemiologiske studier av SLE i Norge. De studier som er utført viser liknende hyppighet og forekomst av SLE i Norge som i de øvrige nordiske land og forekomst av mild sykdom med en lav andel av alvorlig indre organ manifestasjoner. Insidens og prevalens er kartlagt i Nord-Norge visende en lavere insidens enn i de øvrige nordiske land, mens prevalensen er sammenliknbar. Tall fra Sverige tyder på stabil insidens, men økende prevalens, forenelig med økt overlevelse. Norske og nordiske studier viser høy kvinneandel og sammenliknbar alder ved diagnose. Studiene tyder på en høyere alder ved diagnose i Skandinavia enn i USA og England. Ut fra de nordiske studier er overlevelsen ved SLE god, selv om den er lavere enn i den generelle befolkningen. Overlevelse i de nordiske og europeiske land er sammenliknbare.Selv om overlevelsen ved SLE er betydelig bedret over tid utgjorde aktiv SLE og infeksjoner 50% av dødsårsakene i den danske mortalitetsstudien. Aterosklerotisk hjerte-karsykdom var en hyppig dødsårsak i alle studiene. Kardiovaskulær sykdom som hovedårsak til død ved SLE er påvist i den store internasjonale studien hvor pasienter fra Island og Sverige deltok og i andre europeiske og internasjonale studier. Betydelig økt risiko for hjerteinfarkt hos unge SLE-kvinner i Sverige er også påvist tidligere i internasjonale studier og styrker teorien om at SLE per ce er en selvstendig risikofaktor for aterosklerose. Det er ønskelig med flere epidemiologiske studier av SLE i Norge.There has been few studies on the epidemiology of SLE in Norway. The studies that have been conducted show similar frequency and occurence of SLE in Norway in comparison to the other Nordic countries, and mainly occurence of mild disease with only a low proportion suffering severe internal organ involvement. Studies on incidence and prevalence in the northern part of Norway show a lower incidence than in other Nordic countries, but a

  12. Effekten på sangsvane ved etablering af en vindmøllepark ved Overgaard gods

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, J. K.; Clausen, P.

    I forbindelse med planerne om at etablere en vindmøllepark ved Overgaard gods ønskes en redegørelse af de mulige konsekvenser for forekomsten af vandfugle. Ved den påtænkte placering kommer vindmølleparken til at støde op til EF-fuglebeskyttelsesområde nr. 15/Ramsar-område nr. 11. Redegørelsen...... koncentrerer sig om sangsvane, idet den både er den talrigeste og den vigtigste vandfugleart i området. Sangsvanerne forekommer regelmæssigt ved Overgaard i et antal der svarer til mere end 1% af hele den kontinentale nordvesteuropæiske fly-way bestand. En forekomst på 1% og derover bruges som mål...... for klassificering af et område af international betydning. Med udgangspunkt i sangsvane vurderes den påtænkte vindmøllepark i relation til 1) effekten på antal og fordeling af fugle, dels i Overgaard området som helhed og, dels i EF-fuglebeskyttelses-/Ramsar-området, og 2) risiko for kollisioner. Vindmølleparkens...

  13. Strømmålinger ved Glatved

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Burcharth, Hans F.

    På foranledning af ELSAM, Kraftværksafdelingen, Fredericia, har Laboratoriet for Hydraulik og Havnebygning, Aalborg Universitetscenter udført hydrografiske undersøgelser for en eventuel kulhavn ved Glatved.......På foranledning af ELSAM, Kraftværksafdelingen, Fredericia, har Laboratoriet for Hydraulik og Havnebygning, Aalborg Universitetscenter udført hydrografiske undersøgelser for en eventuel kulhavn ved Glatved....

  14. Iværksætteri ved knopskydning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Poul Rind; Evald, Majbritt Rostgaard

    2007-01-01

    Artiklen ser nærmere på iværksætteri ved knopskydning - hvorfor knopskydning fra eksisterende virksomheder menes at give positive bidrag til vækst og overlevelse blandt iværksætterne blandt andet ved at se på internationale undersøgelser, der er foretaget af forskellige typer af knopskydning. Art....... Artiklen kaster lys over, hvor udbredt knopskydning er som kilde til virksomhedsetableringer i Danmark. Udgivelsesdato: 6/9...

  15. Verdsetting av brukermedvirkning ved utforming av skoleanlegg

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Else Margrethe Lefdal

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Ved planlegging av offentlige bygninger i Norge forutsettes det at brukerne medvirker i prosessen. Dette er forankret i lov- og avtaleverk og motiveres ved at brukerne innehar en kompetanse som er av betydning for byggenes funksjonalitet. I denne artikkelen vil jeg belyse brukermedvirkningsproblematikk i planleggingen av et skoleanlegg for videregående opplæring. Tilgjengelige plan- og byggesaksdokumenter i den aktuelle fylkeskommunens digitale og fysiske arkiver er blitt analysert. I referater fra brukermøtene fremmes det for eksempel ønsker fra brukerne om begrenset bruk av glass. Det ferdige skole-anlegget har imidlertid utstrakt bruk av innvendige glassvegger, men det er ikke dokumentert diskusjoner knyttet til bestemmelsen av dette. Et profesjons- og maktperspektiv er relevant for å forstå hva som blir verdsatt, og hvilke strukt-urer og mekanismer som har påvirket planleggings­prosessen. De sentrale aktørgruppene er skoleeier og representantene for lærer- og arkitekt-profesjonen. Omfattende bruk av innvendig glass i skoleanlegget tolker jeg som et kompromiss mellom skoleeiers ønske om åpenhet og kontroll, lærernes ønske om mindre støy og arkitektens ønske om å skape romfølelse og visuelle siktlinjer.AbstractWhen planning public buildings in Norway, it is expected that users are involved in the process. This is grounded in legislation and agreements, and motivated by the idea that users have an expertise which is significant for the planning of the building’s functionality. The aim of this article is to investigate user participation in planning the school facilities for a secondary school. I have analyzed planning and building documents available in government records, digital and physical. In the reports from meetings with user groups, it is for example stated that users want to limit the use of glass. However, the completed school building has extensive use of glass dividing walls, but any discussions leading to this

  16. Effekten på sangsvane ved etablering af en vindmøllepark ved Overgaard gods

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, J. K.; Clausen, P.

    I forbindelse med planerne om at etablere en vindmøllepark ved Overgaard gods ønskes en redegørelse af de mulige konsekvenser for forekomsten af vandfugle. Ved den påtænkte placering kommer vindmølleparken til at støde op til EF-fuglebeskyttelsesområde nr. 15/Ramsar-område nr. 11. Redegørelsen...... for klassificering af et område af international betydning. Med udgangspunkt i sangsvane vurderes den påtænkte vindmøllepark i relation til 1) effekten på antal og fordeling af fugle, dels i Overgaard området som helhed og, dels i EF-fuglebeskyttelses-/Ramsar-området, og 2) risiko for kollisioner. Vindmølleparkens...... grad afhænge af både den lokale og den regionale afgrødesammensætning og -fordeling. Etablering af mølleparken vurderes ikke at ville have nogen negativ effekt på forekomsten af sangsvaner inden for EF-fuglebeskyttelses-/Ramsar-området, da det kun perifert berøres af forstyrrelsesområdet omkring...

  17. Ingeniørens rolle ved skabelse af innovative koncepter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    McAloone, Tim C.

    2007-01-01

    Kommentar: Ingeniørens rolle ved skabelse af innovative koncepter Af Tim McAloone, lektor ved DTU, redaktion@ing.dk, fredag 12. okt 2007 kl. 00:45 Innovationskonkurrencer og stimuleringen af kreative evner, både uden for og i etablerede virksomheder er oppe i tiden, hvor professionelle og lægfolk...... folk kan afprøve deres evner med innovation. Der er virksomhedsinterne og -eksterne konkurrencer, brancheorienterede konkurrencer (for eksempel Dansk Industris Produktpris, Ingeniørens egen Danish Product Award og Index-award), konkurrencer for iværksættere, konkurrencer for universitetsstuderende og...

  18. Endringer i forskningsaktiviteten ved Universitetssykehuset Nord-Norge

    OpenAIRE

    Bjørn Odvar Eriksen; Elin Evensen

    2009-01-01

    Bakgrunn: Norsk medisinsk forskning hevder seg dårlig i nordisk sammenheng. Ved Universitetssykehuset Nord-Norge (UNN) ble forskningsaktivitet og hindringer for klinisk forskning undersøkt med en spørreskjemaundersøkelse i år 2000. Denne undersøkelsen er nå gjentatt etter fem år for å se om forholdene er endret.Materiale og metode: Alle leger og psykologer ved UNN fikk i mai 2005 tilsendt det samme spørreskjemaet som ble brukt i år 2000.Resultater: Etter purring hadde 433 (82%) av 530 spurte ...

  19. Militærhistorikere udfordrer myten om slaget ved Somme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Østergaard, Uffe

    2016-01-01

    Historisk set. I dag er det 100 år siden, at slaget ved floden Somme i Nordfrankrig blev indledt. Slaget, der kostede en million soldater livet, har stået som skoleeksemplet på arrogante generalers krigsførelse, men nyere forskning viser andre sider af hærførelsen......Historisk set. I dag er det 100 år siden, at slaget ved floden Somme i Nordfrankrig blev indledt. Slaget, der kostede en million soldater livet, har stået som skoleeksemplet på arrogante generalers krigsførelse, men nyere forskning viser andre sider af hærførelsen...

  20. What Is a Vocational Student? Why VEDS IS Inadequate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sheldon, M. Stephen

    1983-01-01

    Criticizes the Vocational Education Data System (VEDS) because it tries to apply a universal criterion to institutions and individuals which are not comparable. Discusses the California Statewide Longitudinal Study that found a better way to evaluate college programs on the basis of student outcomes. (JOW)

  1. Miljøundersøgelser ved Maarmorilik 1997

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johansen, P.; Riget, F.; Asmund, G.

    Produktionen i bly-zink minevirksomheden i Maarmorilik ophørte i 1990. Miljøtilstanden i området er siden blevet undersøgt årligt ved indsamling og analyse for bly og zink i havvand samt lav og dyr fra området. Denne rapport præsenterer resulta-terne af de undersøgelser, som blev udført i 1997. I...... forhold til tidligere år var undersøgelserne i 1997 af mindre omfang, idet nogle elementer i det undersøgelsesprogram, som er planlagt udført efter minens lukning, ikke udføres hvert år. Spredning af bly og zink med støv fra minevirksomheden er undersøgt ved at indsamle og analysere lavarten Cetraria...... nivalis i området ved Maarmorilik. Der blev i 1997 dels indsamlet og analyseret naturligt forekommende lav i området og dels lav, som i 1996 var blevet transplanteret (flyttet) fra en uforurenet lokalitet til flere lokaliteter ved Maarmorilik. Metalkoncentrationerne i det transplanterede lav var i de...

  2. ABC and VED Analysis in Medical Stores Inventory Control.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gupta, R; Gupta, K K; Jain, B R; Garg, R K

    2007-10-01

    The basic principle of inventory control is ABC based on cost criteria and VED on criticality. Based on ABC-VED matrix, economic analysis of drug expenditure of priced vocabulary of medical stores (PVMS) section 01 for the year 2003 of a 190 bedded service hospital was under taken. Out of 493 drugs in PVMS section 01, only 325 drugs were being used in the reference hospital. The total cost of drugs used was Rupees 55,23,503. Of these 325 drugs, 47(14.4%) drugs were Category A, consuming 70% of total expenditure, 73 (22.46 %) drugs Category B consuming 20% and rest 205 drugs (63.7 %) Category C drugs cost only 10% of expenditure. VED categorization done by consensus opinion of medical officers, found 24 (7.3%) drugs vital, 160 (49.3%) essential and rest 141 (43.3 %) desirable. On coupling the two techniques ABC-VED matrix was made and drugs were classified in to Category I (AV+BV+CV+AE+AD) comprising 68 drugs, Category II (BE + CE +BD) 159 and Category III (CD) 98 drugs. The management of Category I drugs was monitored by top management resulting in better control on the annual expenses and at the same time making available the vital Category II by middle and Category III at lower mangerial level.

  3. Differensialdiagnostiske avveininger ved Asperger syndrom, ADHD og Reaktiv tilknytningsforstyrrelse

    OpenAIRE

    Høidal, Reidun

    2013-01-01

    Problemstilling: Det er en todelt problemstilling i denne oppgaven: «Årsaker til, symptomer ved og barne- og ungdomspsykiatrisk utredning av Asperger syndrom, ADHD og RAD» «Overlappende symptomer og differnesialdiagnostiske kriterier for å skille mellom Asperger syndrom, ADHD og RAD» Metode: Litteratursøk i Google Scholar-basen gjennomført 17,18 og 19.januar 2012. Søkeordene var: ADHD/hyperkinetisk forstyrrelse, reactive attachment disorders, disinhibibited attachment, inhibited at...

  4. Rør blot ikke ved min Thailands-tur

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Lars Kjerulf

    2010-01-01

    Klimabevidsthed er ved at blive en fast understrøm i danskernes kollektive bevidsthed. Men klimahensyn er dog langt fra lige så selvfølgeligt som hensynet til velfærd eller øget økonomisk vækst. Og hensyn til miljøet er ligefrem et ugyldigt argument i mange sammenhænge. F.eks. udløser det kold af...

  5. Censor ved de faglige prøver i erhvervsuddannelserne

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Guldberg, Stig; Jørgensen, Claus Bo

    Denne publikation, som indeholder en filmsekvens og et arbejdshæfte, kan vejlede censorer og skuemestre ved faglige prøver i erhvervsuddannelserne. Arbejdshæftet indeholder både gode råd og henvisninger til de relevante regler for prøver og bedømmelser. Filmsekvensen er på cirka ni minutter og me...... kopieres. Materialet kan frit downloades og installeres på den enkelte skoles intranet....

  6. Fair values ved første indregning i regnskabet?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thinggaard, Frank; Nilsson, Sven-Arne

    2007-01-01

    Denne artikel fortsætter gennemgangen og vurderingen af argumentationen, i  IASBs  diskussions-rapport (DP) om mulige målegrundlag, der kan benyttes ved første indregning. DP'et peger entydigt på, at aktiver og forpligtelser bør måles til fair values, såfremt disse kan opgøres tilstrækkeligt...

  7. Brukerperspektivet ved aktivitetshus: empowerment i lokalt psykisk helsearbeid.

    OpenAIRE

    Kristiansen, Jan Marius Gathen

    2016-01-01

    Master i helse og empowerment Bakgrunn: Aktivitetshus er et lavterskeltilbud som skal tilby mennesker med psykiske helseutfordringer et sosial møtested og aktivitet, basert på brukermedvirkning. Studien er fundert i empowermentideologien og undersøker hvordan brukerne ved et aktivitetshus opplever brukermedvirkning. Metode: Kvalitativt hermeneutisk fenomenologisk design, med syv semi-strukturerte dybdeintervjuer. Funn: Funn ble sortert i tre hovedkategorier; makt, avmakt og en meni...

  8. Endringer i forskningsaktiviteten ved Universitetssykehuset Nord-Norge

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bjørn Odvar Eriksen

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Bakgrunn: Norsk medisinsk forskning hevder seg dårlig i nordisk sammenheng. Ved Universitetssykehuset Nord-Norge (UNN ble forskningsaktivitet og hindringer for klinisk forskning undersøkt med en spørreskjemaundersøkelse i år 2000. Denne undersøkelsen er nå gjentatt etter fem år for å se om forholdene er endret.Materiale og metode: Alle leger og psykologer ved UNN fikk i mai 2005 tilsendt det samme spørreskjemaet som ble brukt i år 2000.Resultater: Etter purring hadde 433 (82% av 530 spurte svart. 48% deltok i et pågående forskningsprosjekt (38% i et prosjekt som kvalifiserte til medforfatterskap, 5% i et prosjekt initiert av industrien, 5% i begge typer prosjekter. 22% av de spurte oppgav å ha doktorgrad, 28% hadde publisert i fagfellevurdert tidsskrift uten å ha doktorgrad, mens 28% ikke hadde publisert i slike tidsskrifter. Av faktorer som hindret forskning eller økt forskningsaktivitet, angav 84% mangel på tid, 52% faktorer som potensielt kunne avhjelpes av sykehusets apparat for forskningsstøtte og 35% andre faktorer. Uttrykt i prosentandeler var det små endringer i svarene i forhold til år 2000.Fortolkning: Det har ikke skjedd noen endring i andelen ansatte engasjert i forskning ved UNN fra 2000 til 2005. Fortsatt oppleves mangel på tid som den viktigste hindringen for forskning

  9. Den Sorte Engel belaster fortsat miljøet ved Maarmorilik

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Voigt, Steen

    2008-01-01

    Næsten 20 år efter, at minedriften efter bly og zink ved Maarmorilik i Uummannaq kommune i det nordvestlige Grønland blev indstillet, belastes de omkringliggende fjorde og landområder fortsat med de to metaller. Det fremgår af den seneste rapport fra Danmarks Miljøundersøgelser (DMU) ved Aarhus U...

  10. Tabte galdeblæresten i bughulen - et sjældent syn ved obduktion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stolborg, Uffe

    2010-01-01

    Der præsenteres en sygehistorie, hvor man ved retslægelig obduktion fandt galdesten i abdomen hovedsaglig i tarmkrøset og på leverens overflade.......Der præsenteres en sygehistorie, hvor man ved retslægelig obduktion fandt galdesten i abdomen hovedsaglig i tarmkrøset og på leverens overflade....

  11. Tabte galdeblæresten i bughulen - et sjældent syn ved obduktion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stolborg, Uffe

    2010-01-01

    Der præsenteres en sygehistorie, hvor man ved retslægelig obduktion fandt galdesten i abdomen hovedsaglig i tarmkrøset og på leverens overflade.......Der præsenteres en sygehistorie, hvor man ved retslægelig obduktion fandt galdesten i abdomen hovedsaglig i tarmkrøset og på leverens overflade....

  12. Den Sorte Engel belaster fortsat miljøet ved Maarmorilik

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Voigt, Steen

    2008-01-01

    Næsten 20 år efter, at minedriften efter bly og zink ved Maarmorilik i Uummannaq kommune i det nordvestlige Grønland blev indstillet, belastes de omkringliggende fjorde og landområder fortsat med de to metaller. Det fremgår af den seneste rapport fra Danmarks Miljøundersøgelser (DMU) ved Aarhus U...

  13. Utredning om Iddefjordens tilstand og aktuelle tiltak ved Saugbrugsforeningen

    OpenAIRE

    Knutzen, J.

    1986-01-01

    Det er gitt en oppsummering av Iddefjordens tilstand og utvikling, vesentlig i perioden 1975-1985. Etter utslippsreduksjoner ved Saugbruksforeningen i 1974-79 har det vært en viss bedring (bl. a. økt siktedyp, mindre hyppig forekomst av råttent bunnvann og tendens til noe rikere plante- og dyreliv). Imidlertid er tilstanden fremdeles dårlig, dvs. ikke tilfredsstillende badevanns- kvalitet pga. brunt, grumset vann med høyt bakterieinnhold videre reduserte organismesamfunn både i overflatelaget...

  14. Mikrobiologiske forhold ved aggressive former for marginal parodontitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Belstrøm, Daniel

    2016-01-01

    Aggressiv parodontitis er en alvorlig sygdom, der kan manifestere sig klinisk i en lokal og generaliseret form, og som ubehandlet ultimativt kan medføre tandtab i en tidlig alder. Nekrotiserede parodontale sygdomme, herunder nekrotiserende gingivitis, parodontitis og stomatitis, er kliniske...... aggressive og nekrotiserende former for parodontitis. Formålet med denne oversigtsartikel er at diskutere mikrobiologiske forhold ved aggressive og akutte former for parodontitis med særligt fokus på, hvordan opfattelsen af specifikke orale bakteriers ætiologiske rolle har ændret sig på baggrund af data fra...

  15. Bør leger ha reservasjonsrett ved assistert befruktning?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Morten Magelssen

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Omfanget av helsepersonells reservasjonsrett har nylig vært gjenstand for debatt i Norge. Vi spør om leger bør ha reservasjonsrett ved utførelse og henvisning til assistert befruktning, og drøfter argumenter for og imot ved hjelp av et rammeverk med sju kriterier for vurdering av reservasjon. Reservasjonsrettens grunnleggende dilemma er hvordan to viktige hensyn, henholdsvis pasientens rett til behandling og hensynet til helsepersonellets moralske integritet, best kan ivaretas. Det argumenteres for at leger bør ha rett til å reservere seg mot å utføre, assistere ved og henvise til assistert befruktning generelt hvis begrunnelsen er hensynet til befruktede eggs moralske verdi. Videre finner vi at leger også kan ha en moralsk rett til reservasjon mot å utføre, assistere ved og henvise til assistert befruktning for likekjønnede, men da på nærmere spesifiserte vilkår.Nøkkelord: reservasjonsrett, assistert befruktning, samvittighet, moralsk integritetEnglish summary: Should physicians have the right to conscientiously object to assisted reproduction?The extent of the healthcare worker's right to conscientious objection has recently been debated in Norway. This article asks whether physicians should have a right to conscientious objection to the performance of, and referral for, assisted reproduction, and discusses arguments for and against the same, utilizing a framework of seven criteria for the evaluation of conscientious objection. The fundamental dilemma of conscientious objection is how two important considerations can be reconciled: the patient's right to treatment, and the protection of the healthcare worker's moral integrity. It is argued that physicians should have the right to object to performing, assisting with, and referring for assisted reproduction generally when the objection is grounded in the moral value of the embryo. Furthermore, physicians may also have a moral right to object to performing, assisting with, and

  16. Private følgeinvesteringer ved områdefornyelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Jesper Ole

    Det er en god forretning, når stat og kommuner investerer i områdefornyelse i udsatte områder. Det motiverer også de private bygningsejere i området til at investere i forbedringer af deres ejendomme. Det viser en undersøgelse fra Statens Byggeforskningsinstitut ved Aalborg Universitet København......, der er udarbejdet for Ministeriet for By, Bolig og Landdistrikter. Denne pjece opsamler resultaterne fra undersøgelsen og viser eksempler på private investeringer som følge af områdefornyelse. Pjecen retter sig særligt mod kommunale byplanlæggere og indeholder også en række mulige emner, der kan indgå...

  17. Fair values ved første indregning i regnskabet?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thinggaard, Frank; Nilsson, Sven-Arne

    2007-01-01

    IASB har publiceret en diskussionsrapport, i hvilken mulige målegrundlag, der kan anvendes ved første indregning i regnskabet, bliver afvejet i forhold til hinanden. Rapporten konkluderer, at fair values så vidt muligt bør anvendes, såfremt disse værdier kan opgøres tilstrækkeligt pålideligt. I...... modsat fald skal virksomhederne vælge et målegrundlag som substitut for fair values, der kan opgøres pålideligt. Substituttet skal være mest mulig konsistent med fair values, og anvendes på en måde, som bedst muligt afspejler det, som en måling til fair value sigter efter (the fair value measurement...

  18. Perspektiver ved indførelse af gratis offentlig transport

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jespersen, Per Homann; Lohmann-Hansen, Anker; Holmberg, Bengt

    den voksende trafik forstærkes. Der er samfundsøkonomiske fordele at hente ved at flytte en del af bilismen over i offentlig transport. Færre biler reducerer nemlig bilismens negative afledte effekter og dermed også samfundets udgifter til dem. Det er effekter som ulykker, luftforurening, CO2-udslip...... samfundsmæssige og langsigtede konsekvenser af at indføre gratis offentlig transport. Og på denne baggrund vurdere om gratis transport kunne være et velegnet politisk instrument til at imødegå de voksende problemer fra trafikken. Også borgeres holdninger, afvejninger og prioriteringer vil blive inddraget i...

  19. Life and consciousness – The Vedāntic view

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shanta, Bhakti Niskama

    2015-01-01

    In the past, philosophers, scientists, and even the general opinion, had no problem in accepting the existence of consciousness in the same way as the existence of the physical world. After the advent of Newtonian mechanics, science embraced a complete materialistic conception about reality. Scientists started proposing hypotheses like abiogenesis (origin of first life from accumulation of atoms and molecules) and the Big Bang theory (the explosion theory for explaining the origin of universe). How the universe came to be what it is now is a key philosophical question. The hypothesis that it came from Nothing (as proposed by Stephen Hawking, among others), proves to be dissembling, since the quantum vacuum can hardly be considered a void. In modern science, it is generally assumed that matter existed before the universe came to be. Modern science hypothesizes that the manifestation of life on Earth is nothing but a mere increment in the complexity of matter — and hence is an outcome of evolution of matter (chemical evolution) following the Big Bang. After the manifestation of life, modern science believed that chemical evolution transformed itself into biological evolution, which then had caused the entire biodiversity on our planet. The ontological view of the organism as a complex machine presumes life as just a chance occurrence, without any inner purpose. This approach in science leaves no room for the subjective aspect of consciousness in its attempt to know the world as the relationships among forces, atoms, and molecules. On the other hand, the Vedāntic view states that the origin of everything material and nonmaterial is sentient and absolute (unconditioned). Thus, sentient life is primitive and reproductive of itself – omne vivum ex vivo – life comes from life. This is the scientifically verified law of experience. Life is essentially cognitive and conscious. And, consciousness, which is fundamental, manifests itself in the gradational forms of all

  20. Life and consciousness - The Vedāntic view.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shanta, Bhakti Niskama

    2015-01-01

    In the past, philosophers, scientists, and even the general opinion, had no problem in accepting the existence of consciousness in the same way as the existence of the physical world. After the advent of Newtonian mechanics, science embraced a complete materialistic conception about reality. Scientists started proposing hypotheses like abiogenesis (origin of first life from accumulation of atoms and molecules) and the Big Bang theory (the explosion theory for explaining the origin of universe). How the universe came to be what it is now is a key philosophical question. The hypothesis that it came from Nothing (as proposed by Stephen Hawking, among others), proves to be dissembling, since the quantum vacuum can hardly be considered a void. In modern science, it is generally assumed that matter existed before the universe came to be. Modern science hypothesizes that the manifestation of life on Earth is nothing but a mere increment in the complexity of matter - and hence is an outcome of evolution of matter (chemical evolution) following the Big Bang. After the manifestation of life, modern science believed that chemical evolution transformed itself into biological evolution, which then had caused the entire biodiversity on our planet. The ontological view of the organism as a complex machine presumes life as just a chance occurrence, without any inner purpose. This approach in science leaves no room for the subjective aspect of consciousness in its attempt to know the world as the relationships among forces, atoms, and molecules. On the other hand, the Vedāntic view states that the origin of everything material and nonmaterial is sentient and absolute (unconditioned). Thus, sentient life is primitive and reproductive of itself - omne vivum ex vivo - life comes from life. This is the scientifically verified law of experience. Life is essentially cognitive and conscious. And, consciousness, which is fundamental, manifests itself in the gradational forms of all

  1. Research-based learning: Koncept for studenterdeltagelse i forsknings- og udviklingsaktiviteter ved University College Lillebælt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Birgit Heimann

    KONCEPT FOR STUDENTERDELTAGELSE I FORSKNINGS- OG UDVIKLINGSAKTIVITETER VED UNIVERSITY COLLEGE LILLEBÆLT omfatter begrebsdefinering og belysning af grundlaget for fremtidig initiering af studenterdeltagelse ved University College Lillebælt. RESEARCH-BASED LEARNING indgår i University College...

  2. A Content Analysis of the VEDS Data Collection and Reporting Procedures Used by the 57 State Boards for Vocational Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russo, Rocco P.

    Congress, using Public Law 94-482 entitled Education Amendments of 1976, instructed the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) to develop, implement, and operate the Vocational Education Data System (VEDS). As mandated by legislation, the primary purpose of VEDS is to provide a national reporting system to generate uniform data from the…

  3. Fra erfaringer til betydninger: Tolkning af fortællinger om eksamensgruppebegivenheder fra folkeskolelærerstuderende ved Aalborg Seminarium

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Silleborg, Ellen

    2004-01-01

    korte fortællinger om eksamensgruppebegivenheden skrevet af seminariestuderende ved Aalborg Seminarium december 2003. Analysen af disse foretages ved hjælp af teoretiske redskaber hovedsagelig fra Halliday og Ricoeur. En fortælling er ifølge Halliday knyttet til begivenheden. En fortælling er ifølge...

  4. R og bevægelser står til nul mandater ved EU-valget

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Søren Risbjerg

    2009-01-01

    EU-VALG: Altinget.dks valgekspert, professor Søren Risbjerg Thomsen, kommenterer, hvordan de 13 danske mandater netop nu ser ud til at fordele sig ved junis EU-valg.......EU-VALG: Altinget.dks valgekspert, professor Søren Risbjerg Thomsen, kommenterer, hvordan de 13 danske mandater netop nu ser ud til at fordele sig ved junis EU-valg....

  5. Sundhedsøkonomi ved underernæring blandt ældre

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Kjeld Møller

    2009-01-01

    . Meromkostninger for medicinske patienter på grund af underernæring: 1. Antal medicinske patienter med underernæring: 82.000 x 0,35= 28.700.   2. 28.700 indlæggelser a 3,4 dage ekstra: 97.580 sengedage.  3. 97.580 sengedage a 1.477 kr. (2003) eller 1.726 kr. (2008)=Totale meromkostninger: 144 mio. kr. (2003) eller...... 168 mio. kr. (2008) ved en bedre ernæringsmæssig indsats. ved en bedre ernæringsmæssig indsats. 1. Antal medicinske patienter med underernæring: 82.000 x 0,35= 28.700.   2. 28.700 indlæggelser a 3,4 dage ekstra: 97.580 sengedage.  3. 97.580 sengedage a 1.477 kr. (2003) eller 1.726 kr. (2008)=ved en...

  6. Helseøkonomisk evaluering ved Nasjonalt kunnskapssenter for helsetjenesten

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gunhild Hagen

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available På grunn av begrensede ressurser kan ikke alle nye metoder som er effektive bli introdusert i helsevesenet. Det er derfor nødvendig å prioritere mellom disse nye metodene.Helseøkonomiske evalueringer kan være et nyttig verktøy for å synliggjøre kostnader og helseeffekter knyttet til ulike metoder. Helseøkonomiske evalueringer er en integrert del av de fleste medisinske metodevurderinger (HTAs utført av Nasjonalt kunnskapssenter for helsetjenesten (Kunnskapssenteret. Disse helseøkonomiske evalueringene er vanligvis basert på modeller som bruker forskjellige typer publiserte data for å beregne forventede kostnader og helseeffekter knyttet til ulike behandlingsalternativer.I denne artikkelen presenterer vi noe av det metodiske grunnlaget for økonomiske evalueringer utført ved Kunnskapssenteret. Vi beskriver hvordan vi går fram for å sette opp en slik modell og diskuterer noen av de ulike typer av data som er nødvendige. En egen seksjon på følsomhetsanalyser og usikkerhetsaspekter er gitt på slutten, og dette kobles til et annet mulig resultat av helseøkonomiske evalueringer: kostnadseffektiviteten av å utføre ny forskning.Hagen G, Wisløff T, Klemp M. Health economic evaluation at the Norwegian Knowledge Centre for the Health Services (NOKC. Nor J Epidemiol 2013; 23 (2: 157-164.ENGLISH SUMMARYDue to resource constraints, all new interventions that are effective cannot be introduced into the health care system. Hence, it is necessary to prioritize between these new interventions.Health economic evaluations can be a useful tool to illustrate the costs and health outcomes associated with different treatment options. Health economic evaluations are an integral part of most health technology assessments (HTAs performed by the Norwegian Knowledge Centre for the Health Services (NOKC. These health economic evaluations are usually based on models that synthesize different types of published data, in order to calculate the expected

  7. Antitrombotisk behandling ved iskæmisk apopleksi og transitorisk cerebral iskæmi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Overgaard, Karsten; Poulsen, Tina Svenstrup; Husted, Steen

    2007-01-01

    Nærværende statusartikel omhandler antitrombotisk behandling ved transitorisk cerebral iskæmi (TCI) og iskæmisk apopleksi, dog omtales trombolyse ikke. Behandlingen bør individualiseres efter evidensbaserede principper som anbefalet i nationale og internationale kliniske retningslinjer. Ofte er der...

  8. Miljøoptimering af afvaskning ved tryk med vandfortyndbar flexotrykfarve

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Henrik Fred; Helweg, Christian; Pedersen, Anne Rathmann;

    Rapporten beskriver praksis ved afvaskning af vandfortyndbare flexotrykfarver i emballageindustrien og anviser muligheder for indførelse af renere teknologi til reduktion af spildevandsbelastningen. Anbefalingerne omfatter a) udformning af farveværker med henblik på effektiv tømning af farve og e...

  9. Potentielle varmebesparelser ved løbende bygningsrenovering frem til 2050

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wittchen, Kim Bjarne; Kragh, Jesper; Aggerholm, Søren

    Rapporten præsenterer analyser af de potentielle nettovarmebesparelser ved løbende bygningsrenovering fremmod 2050, hvis bygningsdelene efterisoleres i henhold til krav, som kunne stilles i Bygningsreglementet på det tidspunkt, hvor bygningerne alligevel skal have foretaget almindelig renovering ...

  10. Akutte dødsfald ved tvangsfastholdelse af svært hyperaktive personer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leth, Peter Mygind; Thomsen, Jørgen Lange

    2012-01-01

    må henføres til et syndrom som betegnes excited delirium syndrome (EDS), en akut indsættende tilstand karakteriseret ved en hyperaktiv og voldelig adfærd, næsten overmenneskelig styrke og immunitet for smerte. Obduktion viser ikke forandringer som kan forklare dødsfaldet. Årsagen til EDS er ukendt...

  11. Akutte dødsfald ved tvangsfastholdelse af svært hyperaktive personer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leth, Peter Mygind; Thomsen, Jørgen Lange

    2012-01-01

    må henføres til et syndrom som betegnes excited delirium syndrome (EDS), en akut indsættende tilstand karakteriseret ved en hyperaktiv og voldelig adfærd, næsten overmenneskelig styrke og immunitet for smerte. Obduktion viser ikke forandringer som kan forklare dødsfaldet. Årsagen til EDS er ukendt...

  12. Research-based learning. Koncept for studenterdeltagelse i forsknings- og udviklingsaktiviteter ved University College Lillebælt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Birgit Heimann

    2015-01-01

    Studenterdeltagelse i forsknings- og udviklingsaktiviteter er en forholdsvis ny og endnu ikke organiseret studieaktivitet, og derfor undersøges med projektet RESEARCH-BASED LEARNING: KONCEPT FOR STUDENTERDELTAGELSE I FORSKNINGS- OG UDVIKLINGSAKTIVITETER VED UNIVERSITY COLLEGE LILLEBÆLT, hvordan...... forslag til et koncept for studenterdeltagelse i forsknings- og udviklingsaktiviteter ved University College Lillebælt. Som introduktion til projektet indledes DEN AFSLUTTENDE RAPPORT DEL I med en sammenfatning og perspektivering af projektets resultater. Herefter præsenteres projektets...

  13. Iværksætteri ved knopskydning - en tredje vej til regional vækst og udvikling?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Poul Rind; Evald, Majbritt Rosgaard

    2007-01-01

    Artiklen ser på iværksætteri ved knopskydning - hvorfor knopskydning fra eksisterende virksomheder menes at give positive bidrag til vækst og overlevelse blandt iværksætterne blandt andet ved at se på internationale undersøgelser, der er foretaget af forskellige typer af knopskydning. Artiklen ka...... kaster lys over, hvor udbredt knopskydning er som kilde til virksomhedsetableringer i Danmark. Udgivelsesdato: 6. september...

  14. Performance of viscoelastic dampers (VED) under various temperatures and application of magnetorheological dampers (MRD) for seismic control of structures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhatti, Abdul Qadir

    2013-08-01

    A number of studies have been carried out to investigate the performance of viscoelastic dampers (VEDs) and magnetorheological dampers (MRDs) in controlling the seismic response of buildings, but very few of them regarding the effect of temperature on the behavior of those dampers. The energy absorption properties of the VEDs are dependent on the ambient temperature, excitation frequency and strain amplitude. Several mathematical models have been investigated for reproducing the experimental behavior of single degree of freedom VEDs and MEDs. Of these, only the fractional derivative model can reflect the influence of temperature which is, however, so complex that it is difficult to apply in structural analysis. In order to verify the effect of temperature, two case studies of structural element have been conducted: once using VED and once using MRD. Kelvin-Voigt mathematical model applied, they were investigated and after analyzing the results, the force vs. displacement showed that MRD achieved a high force capacity and a better performance than VED. Furthermore, the effect of the temperature in case of VED observed via plotting the dissipated energy hysteresis at different temperatures. These results validate the effect of the temperature as the lower the temperature the more viscous the dashpot element becomes, hence improving damping, but this is up to a specific low temperature.

  15. A novel repressor-type homeobox gene, ved, is involved in dharma/bozozok-mediated dorsal organizer formation in zebrafish.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shimizu, Takashi; Yamanaka, Yojiro; Nojima, Hideaki; Yabe, Taijiro; Hibi, Masahiko; Hirano, Toshio

    2002-10-01

    Dharma/Bozozok (Dha/Boz) is a homeodomain protein containing an Engrailed homology (Eh) 1 repressor motif. It is important in zebrafish dorsal organizer formation. Dha/Boz interacted with a co-repressor Groucho through the Eh1 motif. Expression of a Dha/Boz fused to the transcriptional activator VP16 repressed dorsal axis formation and the expression of organizer genes but led to the dorsal expansion of expression of the homeobox gene vox/vega1, indicating that Dha/Boz functions as a transcriptional repressor for dorsal axis formation. We also isolated a novel homeobox gene, ved, whose expression was negatively regulated by dha/boz. ved's sequence and expression profile were similar to those of vox/vega1 and vent/vega2. Like Vox/Vega1 and Vent/Vega2, Ved acted as a transcriptional repressor. The combined inhibition of ved, vox/vega1, and vent/vega2, by antisense morpholino injection, strongly dorsalized the embryos and elicited ventral expansion of organizer gene expression, compared with the effect of inhibiting each of these genes alone. These results suggest that ved is a target for the repressor Dha/Boz. Ved functions redundantly with vox/vega1 and vent/vega2 to restrict the organizer domain.

  16. ABC and VED Analysis of the Pharmacy Store of a Tertiary Care Teaching, Research and Referral Healthcare Institute of India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Devnani, M; Gupta, Ak; Nigah, R

    2010-04-01

    The ABC and VED (vital, essential, desirable) analysis of the pharmacy store of Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh, India, was conducted to identify the categories of items needing stringent management control. The annual consumption and expenditure incurred on each item of pharmacy for the year 2007-08 was analyzed and inventory control techniques, i.e. ABC, VED and ABC-VED matrix analysis, were applied. The drug formulary of the pharmacy consisted of 421 items. The total annual drug expenditure (ADE) on items issued in 2007-08 was Rs. 40,012,612. ABC analysis revealed 13.78%, 21.85% and 64.37% items as A, B and C category items, respectively, accounting for 69.97%, 19.95% and 10.08% of ADE of the pharmacy. VED analysis showed 12.11%, 59.38% and 28.51% items as V, E, and D category items, respectively, accounting for 17.14%, 72.38% and 10.48% of ADE of the pharmacy. On ABC-VED matrix analysis, 22.09%, 54.63% and 23.28% items were found to be category I, II and III items, respectively, accounting for 74.21%, 22.23% and 3.56% of ADE of the pharmacy. The ABC and VED techniques need to be adopted as a routine practice for optimal use of resources and elimination of out-of-stock situations in the hospital pharmacy.

  17. Kommunikation ved brug af mobile enheder med digital video i idræt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Langagergaard Rødbro, Lise; Elbæk, Lars

    2012-01-01

    observations- og interviewda-ta for at belyse den kommunikation, der foregår ved brug af platformen. Senere diskuteres resultaterne ud fra kommunikationstrekanten, og der skitseres en model for videostøttet undervisning i idræt ud fra Batesons kommunikations- og læringsniveauer. Gennem analyser af platformens...... brug kan vi dokumentere, at eleverne bliver inspire-reret til imitation og kreativ udvikling af idrætslige bevægelser. Vi ser, at eleverne kommu-nikerer refleksivt om deres øvelser, og lærerne indgår i direkte kommunikation med de en-kelte elever. Observationerne viser, at ved en løsere didaktisk...

  18. Kommunikation ved brug af mobile enheder med digital video i idræt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Langagergaard Rødbro, Lise; Elbæk, Lars

    2012-01-01

    observations- og interviewda-ta for at belyse den kommunikation, der foregår ved brug af platformen. Senere diskuteres resultaterne ud fra kommunikationstrekanten, og der skitseres en model for videostøttet undervisning i idræt ud fra Batesons kommunikations- og læringsniveauer. Gennem analyser af platformens...... brug kan vi dokumentere, at eleverne bliver inspire-reret til imitation og kreativ udvikling af idrætslige bevægelser. Vi ser, at eleverne kommu-nikerer refleksivt om deres øvelser, og lærerne indgår i direkte kommunikation med de en-kelte elever. Observationerne viser, at ved en løsere didaktisk...

  19. Thalidomide in combination with vincristine, epirubicin and dexamethasone (VED) for previously untreated patients with multiple myeloma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schütt, P; Ebeling, P; Buttkereit, U; Brandhorst, D; Opalka, B; Hoiczyk, M; Flasshove, M; Hense, J; Bojko, P; Metz, K; Moritz, T; Seeber, S; Nowrousian, M R

    2005-01-01

    The present study aimed to evaluate the side-effects and efficacy of thalidomide in combination with an anthracycline-containing chemotherapy regimen in previously untreated myeloma patients. Thalidomide (400 mg/d) was combined with bolus injections of vincristine and epirubicin and oral dexamethasone (VED). Chemotherapy cycles were repeated every 3 wk until no further reduction in myeloma protein was observed, whereas the treatment with thalidomide was continued until disease progression. Thirty-one patients were enrolled, 12 patients were exclusively treated with thalidomide in combination with VED and 19 patients additionally received high-dose melphalan, for consolidation. Adverse events and response to therapy were assessed prior to treatment with high-dose chemotherapy. Response to thalidomide combined with VED was complete remission in six patients (19%), partial remission in 19 patients (61%), stable disease in five patients (16%), and progressive disease in one patient (3.2%). Grade 3 and 4 adverse events consisted of leukocytopenia in 10 patients (32%), and thrombocytopenia and anemia in one patient each (3.2%). Neutropenic infections grade 3 and 4 occurred in seven (23%) and three patients (9.7%), respectively, including two patients (6.5%) who died from septic shock. Deep vein thrombosis occurred in eight patients (26%), constipation in 20 patients (65%), and polyneuropathy in 20 patients (65%). The probability of event-free survival and overall survival in the whole group of patients at 36 months were 26 and 62%, respectively. In conclusion, the combination of thalidomide with VED appears to be highly effective in previously untreated patients with multiple myeloma, but it is associated with a high rate of thrombotic events, polyneuropathy, and neutropenic infections.

  20. Vitaminer og fedtsyrer i hø og ensilage - hvad sker der ved forvejring og lagring?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Søren Krogh; Hymøller, Lone; Søegaard, Karen

    2010-01-01

    For at undersøge stabiliteten af vitaminer i moderne ensilage- og høproduktion, har FØJO III projektet ECOVIT, igennem to vækstår, målt vitaminindholdet i forskellige græsmarksafgrøder ved forskellige høsttidspunkter og sletintervaller. Resultaterne viser, at det største tab af vitaminer og...

  1. Hvad ved vi? Hvad vil vi? Hvad gør vi?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frederiksen, Lisbeth Angela Lunde

    2011-01-01

    fokus på professionslæring og kompetenceudvikling i et livslangt læringsperspektiv. DEtte kan gøres ved at man i kommunerne tænker i tre forskellige former for mentoring de første to år.: en til en menoring, supervision og transparen det første år og gruppementoring det andet år efterfulgt af peer...

  2. Implementering af organisatoriske forandringsprocesser ved indførelse af elektronisk aflevering og eksamen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Annette Q Pedersen

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available

    Denne artikel opstiller ti gode råd om det organistoriske arbejde med forandringsprocesser ved indførelse af e-aflevering ud fra erfaringer fra Det Humanistiske Fakultet ved Københavns Universitet, hvor et stort projekt er i gang for at indføre elektronisk aflevering af de studerendes opgaver. De ti råd er 1: Start med det, der kan lade sig gøre, 2: Tro ikke det bare handler om teknik, 3: Men der skal være styr på både teknik og jura, 4: Giv plads til forandringstræthed, 5: Inddragelse og samarbejde giver bedre løsninger, 6: Skab succesoplevelser for så mange som muligt, 7: Kommunikation: Sørg for at alle ved, hvordan de skal gøre! 8: Kommunikation: Transparens i projektet, 9: Når der ikke er én rigtig og god løsning, må man opstille viften af alternativer, 10: Ledelsesopbakning. De gode råd er eksemplificeret med erfaringer fra det igangværende projekt.

  3. Implementering af organisatoriske forandringsprocesser ved indførelse af elektronisk aflevering og eksamen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Annette Q Pedersen

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Denne artikel opstiller ti gode råd om det organistoriske arbejde med forandringsprocesser ved indførelse af e-aflevering ud fra erfaringer fra Det Humanistiske Fakultet ved Københavns Universitet, hvor et stort projekt er i gang for at indføre elektronisk aflevering af de studerendes opgaver. De ti råd er 1: Start med det, der kan lade sig gøre, 2: Tro ikke det bare handler om teknik, 3: Men der skal være styr på både teknik og jura, 4: Giv plads til forandringstræthed, 5: Inddragelse og samarbejde giver bedre løsninger, 6: Skab succesoplevelser for så mange som muligt, 7: Kommunikation: Sørg for at alle ved, hvordan de skal gøre! 8: Kommunikation: Transparens i projektet, 9: Når der ikke er én rigtig og god løsning, må man opstille viften af alternativer, 10: Ledelsesopbakning. De gode råd er eksemplificeret med erfaringer fra det igangværende projekt.

  4. Feasibility Study of Impact of the Proposed National Vocational Education Data Reporting and Accounting System (VEDS) Forms on Reporting Systems for Secondary Vocational Education in Wisconsin. Project Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poehlmann, M. M.

    A study was conducted to determine the feasibility of implementing a reporting system, the National Vocational Education Reporting and Accounting System (VEDS), for secondary vocational education in Wisconsin. As proposed by the National Center for Educational Statistics, the VEDS system is a comprehensive information collection package to provide…

  5. Consciousness, cognition and the cognitive apparatus in the vedānta tradition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balasubramanian, R

    2011-01-01

    A human being is a complex entity consisting of the Self (also known as Consciousness), mind, senses and the body. The Vedānta tradition holds that the mind, the senses and the body are essentially different from the Self or Consciousness. It is through consciousness that we are able to know the things of the world, making use of the medium of the mind and the senses. Furthermore, the mind, though material, is able to reveal things, borrowing the light from consciousness. From the phenomenological point of view, we have to answer the following questions: how does one know the mind/the mental operations/the cogitations of the mind? Does the mind know itself? Is it possible? There is, again, the problem of the intentionality of consciousness. Is consciousness intentional? According to Vedānta, consciousness by its very nature is not intentional, but it becomes intentional through the mind. The mind or the ego is not part of the consciousness; on the contrary, it is transcendent to consciousness. It is difficult to spell out the relation between consciousness and the mind. How does consciousness, which is totally different from the mind, get related to the mind in such a way that it makes the latter capable of comprehending the things of the world? The Vedānta tradition provides the answer to this question in terms of the knower-known relation. Consciousness is pure light, self-luminous by its very nature, that is, although it reveals other objects, it is not revealed by anything else. When Sartre describes it as nothingness, bereft of even ego, it is to show that it is pure light revealing objects outside it.

  6. Consciousness, cognition and the cognitive apparatus in the Vedānta tradition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Balasubramanian R

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available A human being is a complex entity consisting of the Self (also known as Consciousness, mind, senses and the body. The Vedānta tradition holds that the mind, the senses and the body are essentially different from the Self or Consciousness. It is through consciousness that we are able to know the things of the world, making use of the medium of the mind and the senses. Furthermore, the mind, though material, is able to reveal things, borrowing the light from consciousness. From the phenomenological point of view, we have to answer the following questions: how does one know the mind/the mental operations/the cogitations of the mind? Does the mind know itself? Is it possible? There is, again, the problem of the intentionality of consciousness. Is consciousness intentional? According to Vedānta, consciousness by its very nature is not intentional, but it becomes intentional through the mind. The mind or the ego is not part of the consciousness; on the contrary, it is transcendent to consciousness. It is difficult to spell out the relation between consciousness and the mind. How does consciousness, which is totally different from the mind, get related to the mind in such a way that it makes the latter capable of comprehending the things of the world? The Vedānta tradition provides the answer to this question in terms of the knower-known relation. Consciousness is pure light, self-luminous by its very nature, that is, although it reveals other objects, it is not revealed by anything else. When Sartre describes it as nothingness, bereft of even ego, it is to show that it is pure light revealing objects outside it.

  7. Akut psykose ved ophør af langvarig tramadolbehandling − overser vi tramadols serotonerge virkning?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Østergaard Rathe, Jette; Dideriksen, Dorthe; Carstens, Jan

    2016-01-01

    I denne artikel præsenteres en sygehistorie, hvor en ældre kvinde får tiltagende konfusion og psykotiske symptomer en uge efter seponering af højdosis-tramadol og skift til Contalgin. Disse mulige seponeringssymptomer kan skyldes abrupt ophør af tramadols serotonerge effekt, og forfatterne...... konkluderer, at man må have skærpet opmærksomhed på atypiske bivirkninger i forbindelse med seponering af især langvarig/høj-dosering af tramadol, særligt hvis symptomerne ikke umiddelbart svinder ved morfinsubstitution....

  8. Metanpotentiale og metanudbytte af rørgræs ved forskellige slætstrategier

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, S U; Lærke, Poul Erik; Kandel, Tanka Prasad

    2013-01-01

    Rørgræs kan trives godt på våde arealer som f.eks. vandlidende tørvejorde, og biomassen kan potentielt bruges til biogasproduktion. På en tørvejord i Nørreådalen ved Viborg har Aarhus Universitet gennemført et forsøg med dyrkning af rørgræs, og det er undersøgt, hvordan slættidspunkt og antal slæ...

  9. Metanpotentiale og metanudbytte af rørgræs ved forskellige slætstrategier

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, S U; Lærke, Poul Erik; Kandel, Tanka Prasad

    2013-01-01

    Rørgræs kan trives godt på våde arealer som f.eks. vandlidende tørvejorde, og biomassen kan potentielt bruges til biogasproduktion. På en tørvejord i Nørreådalen ved Viborg har Aarhus Universitet gennemført et forsøg med dyrkning af rørgræs, og det er undersøgt, hvordan slættidspunkt og antal slæ...

  10. Gamle – og pasienter med demens – Omsorg ved livets slutt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stein Husebø

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available I livets siste leveår vil det store flertall gamle og pasienter med demens trenge kompetent omsorg, pleie, vurdering og behandling, med respekt for deres livsprosjekt og verdighet. Alle vil i de siste måneder, uker, dager og timer før de dør trenge kompetent omsorg ved livets slutt (palliative care, uavhengig av diagnose eller oppholdssted – til alle døgnets tider. Artikkelen drøfter utfordringer og muligheter, grunnlaget for nødvendig kompetanse: etikk, forberedende samtaler, organisering og samhandling.

  11. Værktøjsteknologi til mikrosprøjtestøbning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fugl, Jimmy

    2005-01-01

    Etablering af mikroteknologisk proceskæde, med speciel vægt på fremstilling af værktøjsindsatser til mikrosprøjtestøbning. Indsatser er fremstillet ved fræsning, elektrokemisk deponering samt laserteknologi og indsatserne er efterfølgende anvendt til sprøjtestøbning. De fremstillede indsatser og ...... sprøjtestøbte emner er blevet opmålt og sammenlignet ved brug af kontrolleret og verificeret måleapparatur. Der blev fremstillet indsatser i Al, Impax, samt SiAl og sprøjtestøbt i materialerne PS, PP, PA....

  12. Anvendelse af MIP ved kildekarakterisering og vurdering af nedbrydning af chlorerede opløsningsmidler

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Broholm, Mette Martina; Janniche, Gry Sander; Damgaard, Ida;

    2014-01-01

    Membrane Interface Probing (MIP) er et 'direct push' screeningsværktøj, som kan anvendes ved karakterisering af forurenede grunde. Karakterisering af kildeområder med chlorerede opløsningsmidler (som DNAPL) udgør et vigtigt led i udviklingen af den konceptuelle forståelse, som er essentiel...... for risikovurdering og valg af afværgestrategi. Integreret karakterisering med en række metoder for direkte såvel som indirekte dokumentation af DNAPL i moræneler, herunder MIP, er beskrevet i Kerrn-Jespersen et al. (2013). Det samlede DNAPL-karakteriseringsprojekt er beskrevet i detaljer i Janniche et al. (2013). En...... vurdering af anvendte detektorer for MIP er foretaget af Olsson (2013). Ved karakterisering af forurening med bl.a. chlorerede opløsningsmidler er der behov for en vurdering af forureningssammensætning og nedbrydning. Tilsvarende vurdering er nødvendig, når udviklingen af stimuleret reduktiv dechlorering...

  13. Monitering, modellering og miljøvurdering af fuldskala afværge af TCE fourening ved stimuleret reduktiv deklorering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Westergaard, Claus; Lemming, Gitte; Janniche, Gry Sander;

    På Sortebrovej 26 i Tommerup blev der i 2006 gennemført afværgeforanstaltninger ved stimuleret reduktiv deklorering (SRD) ved injektion af donor og bakterier i kildeområdet med henblik på at oprense en forurening med TCE. Kildeområdet befinder sig 10-20 m u. t. i sandet og opsprækket moræneler...... gunstige forhold for nedbrydning af de klorerede ethener ved reduktiv deklorering. Der ses da også en klar dominans af nedbrydningsprodukterne DCE og VC samt ethen og ethan i grundvandet. I nogle boringer, ses dog en stagnerende omsætning af TCE og DCE i grundvandet. Årsagen her til kan være, at donoren...... da også fordoblet fra 2008 til 2010. Der er observeret zoner med betydelig omsætning af TCE, hvor cis-DCE dominerer, og der ses generelt VC og ethen centralt i disse zoner. Koncentrationsniveauet af fermenteringsprodukter er aftaget og består ved en sandslire (B370 K1) alene af acetat og methan...

  14. Ved lejlighed

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bogen forener moderne genreforskning med moderne Grundtvigforskning. Bogen giver dermed et nyt og originalt billede af Grundtvig, der viser ham som en forfatter med et langt bredere register af virkemidler og genrer, end man normalt tilskriver ham. Grundtvig er ikke bare et litterært næsehorn, me...

  15. Indledende undersøgelser af Wave Star lokaliteten ved Horns Rev

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kramer, Morten

    Havområdet ved Horns Rev havvindmøllepark er, pga. tilslutningsmulighederne for el, egnet til udbygning med et eller flere demonstrationsanlæg baseret på bølgekraft. Nærværende rapport beskriver detaljerede undersøgelser vedr. placering af den næste skala 1:2 maskine af Wave Star på lokaliteten....... Formålet med nærværende skrift er at beskrive bølgerne på lokaliteten mht. bølgehøjde, -periode og -retning, at estimere årsproduktionen fra en skala 1:2 Wave Star maskine og forventet orientering af maskinen for maksimal årsproduktion samt at vurdere de største bølger i samspil med vandstand som kan...

  16. Kritik af gældende ret om udbetaling af forsikring og pension ved død samt forslag til nye regler

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Feldthusen, Rasmus Kristian; Mortensen, Anne Kjærhus

    2013-01-01

    Med afsæt i en analyse af gældende ret peger forfatterne i artiklen på en række uhensigtsmæssigheder ved det gældende system for udbetaling af forsikring og pension ved død. Det konkluderes, at de nugældende regler i forsikringsaftalelovens § 104 /pensionsopsparingslovens § 4 om anfægtelse af en ...

  17. Research-based learning. Koncept for studenterdeltagelse i forsknings- og udviklingsaktiviteter ved University College Lillebælt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Birgit Heimann

    2013-01-01

    Hos University College Lillebælt (UCL) er det en klar ambition, at udviklingsprojekter skal involvere studerende. Gennem deltagelse i udviklingsarbejde udvikler de studerende afgørende kompetencer i forhold til at forstå og håndtere de komplekse sammenhænge, de skal indgå i og medvirke til...... udviklingsaktiviteter er dog en forholdsvis ny og endnu ikke organiseret studieaktivitet, og derfor undersøges med projektet Research-based learning : koncept for studenterdeltagelse i forsknings- og udviklingsaktiviteter ved University College Lillebælt, hvordan studenterdeltagelse i forsknings- og...... udviklingsaktiviteter kan formes og tilrettelægges som fast studieaktivitet og hermed indgå som en planlagt og organiseret del af de studerendes uddannelse. Delrapport I omfatter den for projektet beskrevne teoretiske referenceramme for studenterdeltagelse i forsknings- og udviklingsaktiviteter ved University College...

  18. A Comparison of Community College Responders and Non-Responders to the VEDS Student Follow-Up Survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carifio, James; And Others

    In September 1984, a Vocational Education Data System (VEDS) follow-up survey was conducted of all 5,267 students who had graduated from Massachusetts public community colleges in 1982-83. Of these graduates, 1,881 (35.7%) returned the survey, and 3,386 (64.3%) did not. A subsequent study was conducted to compare the characteristics of survey…

  19. Avsluttende studentevaluering i Bachelorutdanningen : avgangsstudenters vurdering av undervisning og utdanning ved Politihøgskolen, Kull 05–08

    OpenAIRE

    Hove, Kjersti

    2010-01-01

    Denne rapporten inneholder en oppsummering og enkle analyser av studenters evaluering av utdanningen ved slutten av studiet. Evalueringen bygger delvis på spørsmål hentet fra StudData, og en tilsvarende rapport fra HiO ( Hatlevik, Ida Katrine Riksaasen: Avgangsstudenten – Studentenes vurdering av undervisning, praksis, studieforhold, tilegnet kompetanse, studieatferd og fremtidig utdanning. HiO-notat nr 2 -2009) hvor analyser av flere studentgruppers evalueringer er sammenstilt. Rapporten fra...

  20. Den norske matvaretabellen og beregningsdatabasen ved Institutt for ernæringsforskning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arnhild Haga Rimestad

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available  SAMMENDRAGOpplysninger om matvarers innhold av energi og næringsstoffer er nødvendig i mange sammenhenger –for overvåking av kostholdet i ulike befolkningsgrupper, for studier av sammenhenger mellom kosthold,livsstil og helse, ved veiledning, undervisning og opplysning om et helsemessig godt kosthold. De flestevestlige land har en trykt matvaretabell som viser næringsinnholdet per 100 g matvare for etrepresentativt utvalg av de vanligste matvarene. Ved næringsberegning av kostholdsundersøkelser brukessom regel spesialtilpassete beregningsdatabaser, disse har ofte ikke-publiserte data i tillegg. Kvaliteten påden beregningsdatabasen som benyttes ved bearbeiding av kostholdsundersøkelser kan ha avgjørendebetydning for resultatene. Det er viktig at den databasen som benyttes blir omtalt i metodeavsnittet nårarbeidet publiseres. Matvaremarkedet endres stadig, fokus rettes mot nye næringsstoffer og analysemetodeneforbedres. Matvaretabellene og databasene må derfor revideres kontinuerlig. Næringsstoffinnholdet imatvarer varierer med sort, rase, fôring, dyrkingsbetingelser, lagring, transport, bearbeiding, oppskrifterog tilberedningsmetode. Siden mange av disse faktorene er forskjellig i forskjellige land, er det nødvendigå ha egne nasjonale matvaretabeller og databaser. For importerte matvarer kan det være forsvarlig å låneutenlandske verdier gitt at varen er av samme type, at håndteringen er lik og at næringsstoffdefinisjonerog analysemetoder er sammenlignbare. Det er viktig å fortsette det internasjonale samarbeidet med ågjøre tabellverk i ulike land sammenlignbare. Dette er en av forutsetningene for at resultatene frakostholdsundersøkelser i ulike land kan sammenlignes.Rimestad AH, Løken EB, Nordbotten A. The Norwegian food composition table and the database fornutrient calculations at the Institute for Nutrition Research. Nor J Epidemiol 2000; 10 (1: 7-16.ENGLISH SUMMARYFood composition data are needed for diet

  1. Sammenligning av to blodprøver fra samme person analysert ved to laboratorier

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aage Tverdal

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available  INNLEDNINGEpidemiologiske undersøkelser av lipidnivået hosbefolkningen er helt avhengig av at analysemetodeneholder stabilt nivå over flere år. Dette er lettest å oppnåhvis man hele tiden benytter ett laboratorium, oghjerte-karundersøkelsene til Statens helseundersøkelserhar konsekvent benyttet Klinisk kjemisk avdeling,Ullevål sykehus. Ulike hensyn kan likevel tilsi at andrelaboratorier benyttes. Undersøkelsene til Universiteteti Tromsø som har har vært gjennomført fire ganger iperioden 1973-1995, har vært utført ved Kliniskkjemisk avdeling, Regionsykehuset i Tromsø. Helseundersøkelseni Nord-Trøndelag 1995-1997 harbenyttet Sentrallaboratoriet, Innherred sykehus. I dettearbeidet viser vi hvor store forskjellene blir hvisfeltlagene sender prøver fra samme person til ulikelaboratorier. Vi har undersøkt forskjellene mellomRegionsykehuset i Tromsø og Ullevål sykehus, ogmellom Innherred sykehus og Ullevål sykehus.

  2. Grasping at ontological straws: overcoming reductionism in the Advaita Vedānta-Neuroscience dialogue.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaplan, Stephen

    2009-01-01

    Contemporary neuropsychology reveals that the parietal lobe contains neurons that are specifically attuned to the act of grasping and this act may be fundamental to the establishment of the phenomenal boundaries between subject and object. Furthermore, alterations to this process, such as the hypoactivation of this region during meditation or the hyperactivation associated with schizophrenia, may eliminate or confuse, respectively, the phenomenal boundaries between subject and object. Traversing disciplines, the Advaita Vedānta school of Hinduism traces some of its key terms for subject and object to the verbal root grah, to grasp. The subject is literally the grasper. Furthermore, the practice of asparśa yoga, the yoga of no-touch, is aimed at stopping, hypoactivating, the grasping process in order to transcend all subject-object boundaries. This paper will argue that while we have not uncovered an identity of thought, we have uncovered a confluence of ideas between these two disciplines. We will see that this confluence of ideas has not pitted the believer against the critic-not forced us into the great reductionism debate that has dominated so much of the interchange between religious studies and the sciences. This case study will illuminate some of the methodological ways around this reductionism battle and also the boundaries of both disciplines for the intellectual benefit of each.

  3. Generelle aspekter ved mediereception? – Et bud på en multidimensional model for analyse af kvalitative receptionsinterviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kim Schrøder

    2003-09-01

    Full Text Available Findes der generelle aspekter ved receptionen af medieprodukter, som det kan være analytisk frugtbart at orientere sig efter, og som man altid bør belyse, når man analyserer kvalitative receptionsdata – og måske også allerede når man skal planlægge det empiriske feltarbejde i et em- pirisk receptionsprojekt? Denne artikel bygger på, at dette spørgsmål kan besvares bekræftende, og fremlægger et bud på, hvordan en multi- dimensional model for kvalitativ receptionsanalyse kunne se ud.

  4. Understøttelse af studerendes personlige studieaktiviteter udenfor campus ved hjælp af IT

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dau, Susanne; Jensen, Louise Bach; Falk, Lars

    2014-01-01

    Der er mange begreber, der knytter sig til, hvordan studerendes studieaktiviteter kan støttes ved hjælp af teknologi og udenfor mere formelle institutionelle rammer. Denne artikel sætter fokus på disse kernebegreber ud fra eksisterende forskning indenfor området. Hensigten er, at udforske hvad der...... begge disse uddannelser hvad angår studerendes studieaktiviteter udenfor campus. Det er dog en problematik, som også er generelle indenfor uddannelsesfelter i dag, da en større og større del af studerendes studietid forgår udenfor de formelle uddannelsesinstitutioner. På baggrund af de skitserede...

  5. Design og implementering af to virkemidler, der skal forbedre kvaliteten og øge status af undervisning ved universitetet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dolin, Jens; Kobayashi, Sofie

    implementeringsprocessen. En række metoder er anvendt til dataindsamling. De data, der stammer fra pilottest af portfolio omfatter de producerede portfolioer, noter fra feedback sessioner og fokusgruppeinterviews, som blev lydoptaget. Spørgsmål og feedback, vi har modtaget fra forskellige råd, udvalg og konferencer ved...... workshops og konferencer, hvor vi får tilbagemeldinger, der informerer den igangværende implementering af UVPF. I denne henseende har de to projektgrupper interageret med mange råd og udvalg på universitetet, og har derigennem fået feedback, og derpå revideret og videreudviklet de to virkemidler. Arbejdet......, skriftlig feedback og lydoptagelser er blevet analyseret tematisk (Braun & Clarke, 2006) i forhold til barrierer og drivkræfter for implementering. Ved barrierer forstår vi udtryk for modstand overfor virkemidlerne, der kan være tegn på mere eller mindre reelle problemer, som gennemførelsen af virkemidlerne...

  6. Videodokumentasjon ved gjennomføring av praktisk eksamen i sykepleie - hvordan kan dette forbedre studentens praksiske ferdigheter?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gjertrud Husøy

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Hensikten med studiet var å belyse hvordan videodokumentasjon av praktiske handlinger i sykepleie kunne brukes som evalueringordning av studenter. Artikkelen tar utgangspunkt i et forskningsprosjekt for utprøving av nye lærings og evalueringsformer i bachelorutdanningen i sykepleie, der 13 studentgrupper gjennomførte sin praktiske eksamen ved innlevering av video av 16 utvalgte øvelser. Tradisjonell praktisk eksamen i samme studentkull ble gjennomført for 10 studentgrupper. Prosjektet er en kvalitativ kasusstudie og analyse er gjort etter inspirasjon av Giorgi‘s empiriske fenomenologi. Diskusjonen tar utgangspunkt i Vygotsky‘s sosiokulturelle syn på læring og Dewey‘s prinsipp om at all læring er basert på erfaring. Funnene er presentert i følgende deler: Første del omhandler videodokumentasjon og refleksjon. De to neste delene viser funn i forhold til mesterlæring og situert læring på vei mot forståelse av hva sykepleie er. Deretter er teknisk utfordringer belyst, og til slutt en drøfting av forhold ved oppøving av praktiske sykepleieferdigheter. Konklusjonen her er at video egner seg til å dokumentere sykepleiehandlinger. Dette har størst verdi for læring og refleksjon, i mindre grad som eksamensform.

  7. Elevers produktion af multimodale tekster. Hvad ved vi og hvad mangler vi?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vibeke Christensen

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available I Danmark er der med de nye Fælles Mål fra 2014 indført et krav om, at eleverne skal kunne lave større multimodale produktioner. Også i de øvrige skandinaviske lande indgår arbejde med multimodale tekster med forskellig betegnelse i læreplanen for modersmålsfaget. Det er således relevant at undersøge, hvad man ved om elevers produktion af multimodale tekster. Denne artikel bidrager med en gennemgang af nordisk forskning inden for området og med udblik til den øvrige vestlige verden. Teoretisk beskrives multimodalitet med udgangspunkt i New London Groups programartikel fra 1996 og den udvikling af multimodalitet, som gruppen omkring Kress og van Leeuwen har bidraget med. Resultaterne af forskningsgennemgangen præsenteres i fem temaer: terminologi, didaktik, undervisning, elevudbytte og vurdering. Diskussion pågår løbende inden for hvert tema, og der peges på didaktiske perspektiver.Nøgleord: multimodale tekster, tekstkompetence, elevpræstation, skrive-pædagogik, produktion, vurderingAbstractIn the new curriculum for the subject Danish from 2014, it is a requirement that students should be able to create major multimodal productions. Working with multimodal texts in the mother tongue subject is included in the curricula for all three Scandinavian countries. Therefore, it is relevant to consider what is already recognized as students’ production of multi-modal texts. This article offers a brief review based on the Nordic research together with a brief look towards the rest of the Western world’s research on multimodality. This paper’s theoretical foundation is based on the New London Group’s article from 1996, “Pedagogy of Multiliteracies: Designing Social Futures”, and the development of multimodality that re-searchers and scholars surrounding Kress and van Leeuwen have contributed with. The results of the research will be presented in the following five themes: terminology, education, teaching, pupil performance

  8. Risici ved ophævelsen af kvotebekendtgørelsen for NOx og SO2 for kraftværkerne

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Ole-Kenneth; Nielsen, Malene

    Rapporten belyser de mulige konsekvenser ved ophævelse af ”Bekendtgørelse om begrænsning af udledning af svovldioxid og kvælstofoxider fra kraftværker”, nr. 885 af 18. december 1991. (Herefter kvotebekendtgørelsen). Det er foretaget en basisfremskrivning af NOx-emissionen frem til 2025 for de vær...

  9. Hjælper du miljøet ved at spise sundere fastfood? Analyser af produkter udviklet under SpisVel projektet i forhold til traditionel fastfood

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lassen, Anne Dahl; Rasmus, Jonathan; Søgaard Jørgensen, Michael

    Mange mennesker køber dagligt fastfood, fordi det er nemt og relativt billigt. Samtidig er der flere undersøgelser, der peger på, at forbrugerne efterspørger et bredere sortiment af sundere og også gerne mere bæredygtige fastfood produkter. Dette er baggrunden for projekt SpisVel, hvor en gruppe af...... produkterne? Er produkterne samtidig mere miljøvenlige end de mere traditionelle fast food produkter? Det ønsker vi svar på med denne undersøgelse. Produkternes miljøbelastning vurderes på to forskellige måder, dels ved et nyudviklet Miljøscorecard under SpisVel, dels ved såkaldte livscyklusanalyser (LCA)....

  10. "Toore puuga kütmine on raiskamine ..." = "Att elda med sur ved är slöseri ..." : [luuletused] / Gunnar D. Hansson ; tlk. Mati Sirkel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hansson, Gunnar D.

    2004-01-01

    Sisu: "Toore puuga kütmine on raiskamine ..." = "Att elda med sur ved är slöseri ..."; "Esimest päeva rändab tuul ..." = "Första dagen vandrar vinden ..."; "Päike tuli lähemale ..." = "Solen kom närmare ..."; "Nagu oleks kõik möödas ..." = "Som om allt vore över ..."

  11. "Toore puuga kütmine on raiskamine ..." = "Att elda med sur ved är slöseri ..." : [luuletused] / Gunnar D. Hansson ; tlk. Mati Sirkel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hansson, Gunnar D.

    2004-01-01

    Sisu: "Toore puuga kütmine on raiskamine ..." = "Att elda med sur ved är slöseri ..."; "Esimest päeva rändab tuul ..." = "Första dagen vandrar vinden ..."; "Päike tuli lähemale ..." = "Solen kom närmare ..."; "Nagu oleks kõik möödas ..." = "Som om allt vore över ..."

  12. Helhedsorienteret og totaløkonomisk energivejledning baseret på dialog er nøglen til energirenoveringer ved private boliger

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lundberg, Torben; Blyt, Henrik

    2014-01-01

    Denne artikel omhandler projektet Grønt Byggeri på Bornholm, som har kørt siden september 2011 og slutter ved udgangen af 2014. Projektet har haft til formål at sætte gang i energirigtige renoveringer som en vej ud af bygge- og anlægsbranchens krise. Projektet har til dette formål brugt en række...

  13. Påvising av aminoglykosidresistens ved hjelp av massespektrometri. Utvikling av metode for deteksjon, stabilitet av aminoglykosid og molekylær karakterisering av teststammer

    OpenAIRE

    Kvarekvål, Torunn

    2014-01-01

    Aminoglykosid er potente antibiotika som vert brukt til behandling av alvorlege infeksjonar med aerobe bakteriar. Dei er baktericide og verkar ved å binda til ribosoma i bakteriane og på denne måten forstyrra den normale peptidsyntesen. Aminoglykosida er verdifulle medikament, men som for mange andre antibiotika er resistens mot desse midla eit aukande problem. Den viktigaste resistensmekanismen er aminoglykosidmodifiserande enzym (AME). Desse enzyma inaktiverer ...

  14. 访SolidWorks公司Jeff Ray、Ved Narayan和雷迅先生SolidWorks对中国市场充满信心

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨芳

    2005-01-01

    @@ 在SolidWorks2005年全球用户大会上,我刊主编杨芳女士和e-works总经理黄培先生采访了SolidWorks公司的COO Jeff Ray、主管亚太区的副总裁Ved Narayan和大中华区总裁雷迅先生,从他们对SolidWorks公司的发展现状和中国市场策略的介绍中,我们强烈地感受到SolidWorks公司对中国市场高度重视,而且信心十足.

  15. Subjektivt velvære, sosiale interaksjoner og aktivitet hos eldre med demens på dagsenter : en kvantitativ undersøkelse av atferdsendring ved dyreassisterte intervensjoner

    OpenAIRE

    Brusletto, Birgit

    2014-01-01

    Bakgrunn: Demens er en sykdom som stadig flere rammes av. Forskning har vist at dyreassisterte aktiviteter (DAA) og dyreassisterte terapier (DAT) overfor eldre med demens kan bidra til å bremse en utvikling av symptomer på negativ atferd, gi reduksjon i ensomhetsfølelse og stimulere til økt sosialt miljø blant deltakerne. Mål: Hovedmålet med denne masteroppgaven har vært å undersøke om intervensjoner med hund gir atferdsendringer som tyder på bedre helse ved større grad av velvære og økt ...

  16. Sample Packet of Tex-SIS Questionnaires. DeVault VIII Expansion and the Vocational Education Data System (VEDS). Tex-SIS Student Information System Postsecondary Student Follow-Up.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Texas Coll. and Univ. System, Austin. Coordinating Board.

    This packet identifies and explains the questionnaires and coding used in DeVault VIII, a subsystem of the Texas Student Information System designed to generate data for local utilization and for fulfillment of the federally-mandated Vocational Education Data System (VEDS) student and employer follow-up requirements. The report first explains the…

  17. Dyskinesier ved Parkinsons sygdom:

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Birgitte Liang Chen; Herz, Damian Marc; Siebner, Hartwig Roman

    2017-01-01

    Dyskinesia in Parkinson’s disease: an update on new neuroimaging methods and treatment possibilities Levodopa-induced dyskinesia (LID) represents a severe adverse effect of long-term treatment of Parkinson’s disease with levodopa. Neuroimaging studies have contributed to our understanding of LID...

  18. Fysiologiske aendringer ved fibromyalgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bliddal, Henning; Bartels, Else Marie; Jespersen, Anders

    2010-01-01

    A number of physiological changes, some measurable as changes in biomarkers, have been described in fibromyalgia (FM). These include changes in cytokine serum levels and elevated levels of some neurotransmitters in the cerebrospinal fluid. None of these measurements have been validated for diagno......A number of physiological changes, some measurable as changes in biomarkers, have been described in fibromyalgia (FM). These include changes in cytokine serum levels and elevated levels of some neurotransmitters in the cerebrospinal fluid. None of these measurements have been validated...... for diagnosis or follow-up in FM. It is suggested that non-invasive methods which hold the potential to evaluate the severity of FM and serve as therapy targets should be developed in the future....

  19. Helbredsrelateret livskvalitet ved kraeft

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grønvold, Mogens

    2008-01-01

    The article reviews methods, experiences, and results of quality of life research in cancer, and presents recommendations. The research has comprised descriptive studies, end-points in clinical trials, prognostic studies, and clinical applications of quality of life questionnaires. There is a nee...... for additional quality of life studies in relation to all cancer sites and treatments but such studies should be undertaken only when the necessary resources are available, as only well-conducted studies are of value....

  20. Vejledning ved ambulancetransport

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berlac, Peter Anthony; Wammen, Susanne; Giebner, Matthias

    2010-01-01

    Inter-hospital transportation poses potential risks to staff and patients. The present guidelines recommend competency-based management dictated by the patient's clinical condition and medical requirements during transfer. The guidelines aim to: 1) improve patient and staff safety during transpor......, 2) minimize the occurrence of adverse events during transport, 3) ensure that accompanying staff are trained for and skilled in transfer and retrieval medicine and 4) encourage optimal utilisation of available competencies without unnecessarily draining hospital resources.......Inter-hospital transportation poses potential risks to staff and patients. The present guidelines recommend competency-based management dictated by the patient's clinical condition and medical requirements during transfer. The guidelines aim to: 1) improve patient and staff safety during transport...

  1. Aortahomograftoperationer ved svaer endokarditis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Foghsgaard, S.; Kjaergard, H.K.; Bruun, Niels Eske

    2008-01-01

    with an aortic homograft in combination with antibiotics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 24 patients with either aortic prosthetic valve endocarditis (n = 16) or severe aortic endocarditis (n = 8) were operated with implantation of an aortic homograft at a Danish university hospital from 1997-2006. Staphylococcus...... species were the most common pathogens followed by streptococcus. Intravenous antibiotic therapy was started before surgery and continued for 4-6 weeks. The patients were followed-up for (1/2)-10 years (mean 5 years). RESULTS: 3 patients with prosthetic valve endocarditis died within the first 24 hours...... in an intravenous drug abuser was registered after 4 years. CONCLUSION: An aortic homograft in combination with intravenous antibiotics is an excellent treatment of severe endocarditis in the aortic valve or an aortic valve prosthesis Udgivelsesdato: 2008/5/5...

  2. Cancerrisiko ved topikale immunmodulatorer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Deleuran, Mette; Zachariae, Claus; Thestrup-Pedersen, Kristian

    2009-01-01

    This article reviews if local immunosuppression of atopic dermatitis is associated with an increased risk of cancer - as implicated by a warning issued by the FDA and EMEA health authorities because systemic immunosuppression of transplanted patients leads to a significant increase of non......-melanoma skin cancer and lymphoma. So far, no studies support that the use of topical immunosuppression increases the risk of local or systemic cancer. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Aug...

  3. Neurologiske aspekter ved stammen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mertz, Line Bie; Østergaard, John R

    2006-01-01

    Stuttering is characterised by repetitions, prolongations and pausing while speaking. Researchers have looked for many explanations. However, the cause of stuttering remains unknown. In recent years, structural abnormalities in the speech-related structures of the central nervous system have been...... brought into focus as a cause of stuttering. Research has shown signs of a lateral hemisphere asymmetry, abnormalities in the basal ganglia, dysfunction in the supplementary motor area and/or a dysfunction in the coordination of the cerebellum. This article is a review of this part of the literature...

  4. Billeddiagnostik ved akut lungeemboli

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hess, Søren; Madsen, Poul Henning; Jørgensen, Henrik Boel

    2005-01-01

    Acute pulmonary embolism is an underdiagnosed and potentially lethal condition. Treatment may be lifesaving but is associated with severe side effects. Thus, reliable diagnostic imaging is essential. We conducted a literature review on the use of spiral computed tomography, lung scintigraphy....... With lung scintigraphy, perfusion imaging alone is probably sufficient and suited to both confirming and ruling out the diagnosis. Echocardiography should be reserved for patients with an emergent need for treatment and cannot rule out the diagnosis. Udgivelsesdato: 2005-Oct-10...

  5. Aprotininskintigrafi ved amyloidose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Haraldsen, Ate; Eskild-Jensen, Anni; Frøkiær, Jørgen

    2009-01-01

    Amyloidosis is a disease characterized by protein deposition (amyloid) in THE extracellular matrix leading to organ dysfunction and death. New treatment modalities have emphasized the need for accurate and early diagnosis. Aprotinin scintigraphy is a radionuclide imaging technique in which...... the localisation and extent of amyloid deposits are visualized. It is specific and sensitive in detecting cardiac amyloidosis, which is associated with a poor prognosis. In addition, aprotinin scintigraphy appears to be a useful tool for the monitoring of disease progression and treatment efficacy. Udgivelsesdato...

  6. Trombolysebehandling ved akut underekstremitetsiskaemi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rørdam, Peter; Enevoldsen, Micha Thyge; Rasmussen, John Bøje Grønvall;

    1996-01-01

    During a period of four and a half years 37 lower extremities with acute ischaemia were treated with thrombolysis. Angiographically, 35 cases demonstrated no suitable arteries for distal reconstruction. In two cases vascular surgery was not performed because of cardiac incompensation. Two patients...

  7. Slaget ved Kadesh

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Langkjær, Michael Alexander

    1994-01-01

    Kildekritisk diskussion af slaget c. 1300 f. Kr. mellem Ramses 2. og hettitterne med et forsøg på at visualisere Kadesh-slagets topografi vha. computergrafik.......Kildekritisk diskussion af slaget c. 1300 f. Kr. mellem Ramses 2. og hettitterne med et forsøg på at visualisere Kadesh-slagets topografi vha. computergrafik....

  8. Operationsteknikker ved section

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aabakke, Anna J M; Secher, Niels Jørgen; Krebs, Lone

    2014-01-01

    Caesarean section (CS) is a common surgical procedure, and in Denmark 21% of deliveries is by CS. There is an increasing amount of scientific evidence to support the different surgical techniques used at CS. This article reviews the literature regarding CS techniques. There is still a lack of evi...

  9. Neurologiske aspekter ved stammen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mertz, Line Bie; Østergaard, John R

    2006-01-01

    brought into focus as a cause of stuttering. Research has shown signs of a lateral hemisphere asymmetry, abnormalities in the basal ganglia, dysfunction in the supplementary motor area and/or a dysfunction in the coordination of the cerebellum. This article is a review of this part of the literature...

  10. Mediastinoskopi ved bronkogent karcinom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grøntved, A M; Olsen, J B; Sander, K M

    1995-01-01

    and seven patients (37%) had thoracotomy performed. 12% of these patients had metastases at the time of thoracotomy. Mediastinoscopy is still the most reliable method in selecting patients with bronchogenic carcinoma for thoracotomy. It is important to make a careful dissection during the mediastinoscopy...... at both tracheo-bronchial angles as well as at the subcarinal. Eleven percent of the metastatic lymph nodes were found only at the subcarinal or at the contralateral tracheo-bronchial angle. Sixteen (5.5%) of the 289 patients are still alive, with a follow up of more than six years. Only resected patients...

  11. Immunsystemet ved kronisk inflammation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bendtzen, Klaus

    2008-01-01

    Innate and adaptive immunity has evolved as a defence against infections and as an important repair mechanism after physical injury. If elimination of microbes and healing is not achieved, or if the immune system is dysregulated, chronic inflammation ensues. Immune cells become engaged in prolonged...... reactions with other cell types in vessels and organs, frequently with superimposed autoreactive T-cells and autoantibody-producing B-cells/plasma cells. The processes are distinguished on the basis of clinical manifestations in organ-specific and systemic inflammatory diseases. The underlying factors...

  12. Nitrogenoxidinhalation ved akut lungesvigt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, T H; Henneberg, S W; Heslet, L

    1995-01-01

    Two cases of adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) treated successfully with nitric oxide (NO) inhalation are described. One patient had severe sepsis and the other had trauma induced ARDS. The slow entry criteria for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) was fulfilled in both cases...

  13. Mikrokirurgi ved plastikkirurgiske indgreb

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bonde, Christian T; Jensen, Lisa Toft; Tos, Tina

    2016-01-01

    The most common indication for free flap surgery is breast reconstruction. Deep inferior epigastric perforator flaps are safe, quick and provide excellent cosmetic results. The reconstruction in head and neck cancer patients is more complex. The aims are preservation of function and appearance. F...

  14. Cancerrisiko ved topikale immunmodulatorer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Deleuran, Mette; Zachariae, Claus; Thestrup-Pedersen, Kristian

    2009-01-01

    This article reviews if local immunosuppression of atopic dermatitis is associated with an increased risk of cancer - as implicated by a warning issued by the FDA and EMEA health authorities because systemic immunosuppression of transplanted patients leads to a significant increase of non...

  15. Mikrokirurgi ved plastikkirurgiske indgreb

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bonde, Christian T; Jensen, Lisa Toft; Tos, Tina;

    2016-01-01

    The most common indication for free flap surgery is breast reconstruction. Deep inferior epigastric perforator flaps are safe, quick and provide excellent cosmetic results. The reconstruction in head and neck cancer patients is more complex. The aims are preservation of function and appearance...

  16. Cimetidinbehandling ved cancer ventriculi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tønnesen, H; Knigge, U P; Bülow, S

    1989-01-01

    The effect of cimetidine treatment in cancer of the stomach was investigated in a double-blind, multicentre study comprising eight departments in Greater Copenhagen. Immediately after operation (or the decision not to operate) 181 patients were subdivided at random to treatment with a placebo...

  17. Tryghed ved udskrivelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gryet, Inger Markussen; Kjærsgaard-Andersen, Anne Marie

    % felt secure and 1% felt insecure. Results show that feeling physically ready to discharge and having the support needed from relatives and others after discharge, increase the number of patients who feel very secure. Likewise gaining information about medicine, further plans, knowing who to contact...... with questions as well as having information about which symptoms to be aware of after discharge, increases the number of patients who feel very secure. However, patients can feel secure even if some of these conditions are not present. Patients who felt very secure described the importance of a good atmosphere...... at the ward. It might be needed to ask the group of patients who did not fill out the questionnaire. The survey has given information about factors related to security and insecurity when discharged from hospital and have given ideas to new initiatives and new projects. Essential factors in regard to patients...

  18. Neurobiologiske forstyrrelser ved skizofreni

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Glenthøj, Birte Y; Nordentoft, Merete; Lublin, Henrik

    2008-01-01

    Schizophrenia is a complex disease. A more complete understanding of its neurobiology has been hampered by the fact that most data have been based on studies of patients diagnosed according to either the ICD-10 or the DSM-IV, i.e. patients suffering from pathogenetically different diseases...

  19. Trombolyse ved iskaemisk apopleksi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Modrau, Boris; Vestergaard, Karsten; Iversen, Helle Klingenberg

    2007-01-01

    Thrombolysis is the only effective medical therapy for acute ischaemic stroke. The treatment has been approved in Europe since 2002. This article briefly summarises the pharmacological background of thrombolysis in cerebral ischaemic stroke. International experience with thrombolysis within...

  20. Ideudvikling ved kreativ innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sejer Jakobsen, Henning; Rebsdorf, S.O.

    og brugbar forståelse af hele skabelsesprocessen. Idestigen med Tanke - Ide - Løsning er hele grundlaget, og med introduktionen til Creative Idea Solution (CIS) gives læseren en konkret model for, hvordan en proces på grænsen af kaos kan blive til en kontrolleret forandringsproces. Det normative...

  1. Medicineringsfejl ved generisk substitution

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rölfing, Jan

    2012-01-01

    Generic substitution is a major cause of medical mistakes in the general population. Danish legislation obligates pharmacies to substitute prescribed medicine with the cheapest equivalent formulation, despite variations in product name, packaging, shape and colour. Consequently, medical mistakes ...... occur. Scientific evidence on the consequences of generic substitution is sparse. Call upon fellow health workers to report medical mistakes to the national entities and scientific peers, in order to increase awareness and scientific evidence about the problem....

  2. Psykologiske aspekter ved overvaegt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Svend Aage; Grønbaek, Helle; Olsen, Hanne

    2006-01-01

    Although knowledge of the biological aspects of obesity is increasing very rapidly, psychological approaches are increasingly in demand. Psychological theory and research concerning the emotional and cognitive impacts of being obese, the psychological causes involved in obesity......, and the psychological elements of treatment and motivations for treatment are requested. There is no clear separation between the psychological factors that function as causes of obesity and the psychological effects of obesity. Rather, they appear to be related in a circle of interconnectedness. This is important...

  3. Medicinproblemer ved sektorskifte

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Hanne Rolighed; Krølner, Bjørn K

    2009-01-01

    of responsibilities, lack of communication, frequent exchanges between synonymous and analogous drugs, polypharmacy, compliance issues and insufficient education and training of staff. There is an obvious need for a joint internet-based online prescription system covering all physicians. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Mar...

  4. Smerter ved akut myokardieinfarkt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, F E; Sørensen, H T; Klausen, I C

    1989-01-01

    Pain is the most constant symptom in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) but there are considerable variations. It is possible that pain may indirectly cause extension of the infarct. The authors have, therefore, undertaken a retrospective investigation of 87 unselected patients admitted consecutiv...

  5. Immunsystemet ved kronisk inflammation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bendtzen, Klaus

    2008-01-01

    Innate and adaptive immunity has evolved as a defence against infections and as an important repair mechanism after physical injury. If elimination of microbes and healing is not achieved, or if the immune system is dysregulated, chronic inflammation ensues. Immune cells become engaged in prolonged...

  6. Osteoporose ved Parkinsons sygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ezzatian-Ahar, Shabnam; Schwarz, Peter; Pedersen, Stephen Wørlich

    2015-01-01

    The risk of developing osteoporosis, as well as Parkinson's disease (PD) is increased with increasing age, resulting in increased risk of fracture, particularly hip fractures. Each one of these two conditions can be debilitating and affect the individual patient's quality of life negatively. PD...

  7. Opsigelse ved virksomhedsoverdragelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Lone L.

    2009-01-01

    Artiklen analyserer den danske virksomhedsoverdragelseslovs § 3, stk. 1, og den bagved liggende EU-direktivbestemmelse. Aanalysen koncentrerer sig om sanktionerne i tilfælde af, at en opsigelse finder sted i strid med disse bestemmelser. Det efterprøves i artiklen, om direktivet kræver, at opsige...

  8. Vurdering af effekten af en vindmøllepark ved Overgaard på forekomsten af fugle i EF-fuglebeskyttelsesområde nr. 15

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Clausen, P.; Larsen, J. K.

    I forbindelse med planerne om at etablere en vindmøllepark ved Overgaard Gods ønskes en redegørelse for de mulige konsekvenser for forekomsten af vandfugle, særligt påvirkningen af forekomsten af fugle inden for EF-fuglebeskyttelsesområde nr. 15/Ramsar-område nr. 11/EF-habitatområde nr. 14 som......-fuglebeskyttelsesområde nr. 15/Ramsar-område nr. 11/EF-habitatbeskyttelsesområde nr. 14. En forudsætning for denne konklusion er at de behandlede arter ikke ændrer føde- og habitatvalg i området. For hjejlens vedkommende nås den samme konklusion for så vidt angår hjejlernes udnyttelse af det internationale naturbeskyttelses...

  9. 访SolidWorks公司Jeff Ray、Ved Narayan和雷迅先生SolidWorks对中国市场充满信心

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨芳

    2005-01-01

      在SolidWorks2005年全球用户大会上,我刊主编杨芳女士和e-works总经理黄培先生采访了SolidWorks公司的COO Jeff Ray、主管亚太区的副总裁Ved Narayan和大中华区总裁雷迅先生,从他们对SolidWorks公司的发展现状和中国市场策略的介绍中,我们强烈地感受到SolidWorks公司对中国市场高度重视,而且信心十足.……

  10. Theory study on suppression of lateral vibration of steel truss bridges under speed-up trains with VED%VED抑制铁路钢桁梁桥横向振动理论研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    熊杰; 唐家祥

    2001-01-01

    针对我国在既有线路进行列车提速试验时发现的,当客车速度为160km/h左右时,64m简支下承钢桁梁出现横向准共振的现象,提出采用粘弹性阻尼器(VED)来抑制这种共振反应,并由势能驻值原理及形成结构矩阵的"直接拼装法”,建立了VED-桥梁-列车时变系统动力方程.通过理论分析和计算证明,用VED抑制由于列车提速引起的中小跨度钢梁横向振动是一种有效的方法.

  11. Tryg i Naturen. En undersøgelse af sikkerhedsforholdene ved aktivt friluftsliv i det kystnære område i Danmark med fokus på sikkerhedskulturen hos jollefiskere, havkajakroere og kitesurfere

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andkjær, Søren; Arvidsen, Jan

    Undersøgelsen TRYG i naturen har til formål at afdække og diskutere sikkerhedsforholdene ved aktivt friluftsliv i det kystnære område i Danmark med udgangspunkt i fire forskningsspørgsmål. • Hvad er omfanget af og mønstrene ift. ulykker og nærved-ulykker i forbindelse med aktivt friluftsliv i de ...

  12. Transformering af traditionel undervisning til e-læring - tre best practices fra go online-projektet ved Aarhus Universitet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mikkel Godsk

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Go online-projektet havde til formål at udvikle og systematisere tilrettelæggelsen af e-læring ved Aarhus Universitet samt transformere en række kurser til webbaseret læring. Et vigtigt element i projektet var at indsamle erfaringerne fra transformeringen af kurserne med henblik på at inspirere andre undervisere til at bruge webbaseret læring. Som et led i denne promovering blev underviserne for de 3 bedste transformeringer nomineret til titlen som årets e-underviser 2009. Denne artikel beskriver go online-projektet, baggrunden for nomineringen og de 3 bedste transformeringer - "best practices".  Artiklen præsenterer såvel de pædagogiske som tekniske overvejelser vedr. tilrettelæggelsen af kurserne, evalueringsresultater samt juryens bedømmelse. Endvidere identificerer artiklen potentielle barrierer for udvikling af webbaseret læring samt fællestræk for de 3 best practices.

  13. Kønsforskelle ved autoimmune sygdomme illustreret ved reumatoid artritis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Danneskiold-Samsøe, Bente; Bartels, Else Marie; Dreyer, Lene

    2007-01-01

    Many autoimmune diseases like rheumatoid arthritis (RA) show gender differences. RA is triggered by an interaction between genetic, hormonal, environmental and behavioural factors. 75% of cases are women under the age of 60; lover the age 60 the gender ratio is 1:1. Different genotypes predispose...... for RA. Pregnancy often suppresses RA, as does oral contraception. Lactation, smoking (w), BMI > 30, heavy vibrations and certain dust particles (m) may trigger RA, while the effect of male hormones is uncertain. Future prevention should focus on environment, behavioural factors and genetic profiling....

  14. Forbedret prognose ved letkædenefropati ved myelomatose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Juul, Jakob Søgaard; Larsen, Thomas; Marcussen, Niels

    2012-01-01

    A 64 year-old woman with acute renal failure and cast nephropathy due to excessive production of lambda free light chains received chemotherapy (using bortezomib and dexamethason) and haemodialysis with a high cut off-filter. The concentration of free light chains was markedly reduced after...... a fortnight. Nine months after admission, the patient's kidney function had improved and dialysis was stopped. Three months later, she got an autologous stem cell transplantation. One year later, estimated glomerular filtration rate was 25 ml/min, and the production of free light chains was under control....

  15. Flankesmerter ved nyre- og uretersten

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Katja Venborg; Drewes, Asbjørn Mohr; Osther, Palle Jørn Sloth

    2011-01-01

    with recurrent stones, the colics may be more intense due to sensitisation of the nervous system. Furthermore, painful diseases in the reproductive organs can enhance stone colics. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are the first choice for stone colics because they act by reducing the renal pelvic pressure.......Flank pain is common and often associated with stone colics. Similar pain characteristics can, however, be observed in other diseases. Stone colics have all the characteristics of visceral pain. The pain is diffuse, often referred to the body wall and accompanied by autonomic reflexes. In patients...

  16. Ultralydskanning ved recidivmonitorering for thyroideacancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bennedbæk, Finn Noe; Hegedüs, Laszlo

    2015-01-01

    The commonly used tumour-node-metastasis (TNM) staging system is designed to predict death and not recurrence. Based on this, patients with thyroid cancer are grouped into risk categories at the time of initial treatment. However, recent guidelines proposed a novel staging system focusing...

  17. Telomerers rolle ved aldersbetingede sygdomme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bendix, Laila; Kølvraa, Steen

    2010-01-01

    Telomeres are specialized DNA structures, protecting the ends of linear chromosomes. The association between telomeres and cellular aging is well-established, and it has been shown that there is a negative correlation between telomere length and chronological age for many types of human tissue....... On the other hand, the association between telomere length and mortality is poor. Nevertheless, it has been suggested that telomeres may play a role in the development of many aging-related diseases. This has led to attempts to develop telomere-elongating treatment....

  18. Neurobiologien ved borderline-personlighedsforstyrrelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Rune; Simonsen, Erik

    2012-01-01

    Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a severe psychiatric disorder characterised by instability of affect regulation, impulse control, interpersonal relationships, and self-image. The aim of this status article is to provide a brief overview of the neurobiological underpinnings of the core di...

  19. Smertemekanismer ved kroniske muskuloskeletale tilstande

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Graven-Nielsen, Thomas; Arendt-Nielsen, Lars; Madeleine, Pascal;

    2010-01-01

    -tissue nociceptors and may, in part, explain hyperalgesia in localised pain conditions. Central sensitization mechanisms (spinal and supraspinal) are also important for the development of hyperalgesia and the pain that is present in more widespread pain conditions. Recent studies have highlighted the contributions...

  20. Problemer ved skift af antipsykotika

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Maltesen, Henrik Rasmus; Lublin, Henrik K F

    2012-01-01

    Most patients with schizophrenia switch antipsychotics (APs) either due to lack of efficacy or due to side effects. Changing AP, especially switching from clozapine, may lead to deterioration in the patient's condition because of pharmacodynamic differences between the existing and the new AP. A ...

  1. Kolorektal cancerudvikling ved colitis ulcerosa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kallesøe, Jane; Langholz, E.; Frisch, Morten

    2010-01-01

    Ulcerative colitis (UC) is believed to carry a predisposition to colorectal cancer (CRC) development. International clinical guidelines suggest that UC patients should have a colonoscopy performed every year or up to every third year from approximately eight years after diagnosis for early...

  2. Monitering af kromudledningen ved Qaqortoq

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Glahder, C.

    In October 1997 The National Environmental Research Institute, Department of Arctic Environment (DMU, AM) conducted an environmental study on the chromium concentration in blue mussel, Mytilus edulis, and brown seaweed, Fucus vesiculosus, in Julianehåb Fjord, southern Greenland. The study...

  3. Neurobiologien ved borderline-personlighedsforstyrrelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Simonsen, Erik; Andersen, Rune

    2012-01-01

    Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a severe psychiatric disorder characterised by instability of affect regulation, impulse control, interpersonal relationships, and self-image. The aim of this status article is to provide a brief overview of the neurobiological underpinnings of the core...... dimensions in BPD, as well as of the potential clinical implications. The latest results from genetic, endocrinologic, neuropsychologic, and neuroimaging research in identifying the dysfunctional neurobiological systems that could play a role in diathesis to BPD are presented....

  4. Problemer ved skift af antipsykotika

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Maltesen, Henrik Rasmus; Lublin, Henrik K F

    2012-01-01

    Most patients with schizophrenia switch antipsychotics (APs) either due to lack of efficacy or due to side effects. Changing AP, especially switching from clozapine, may lead to deterioration in the patient's condition because of pharmacodynamic differences between the existing and the new AP...

  5. Perioperative udfordringer ved Parkinsons sygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thyrrestrup, Peter Søndergaard; Horodyska, Lyudmyla

    2017-01-01

    Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurogenerative disease, which causes motoric disorders, and the risk of developing PD increases with age. There is an increasing number of persons above 60 years undergoing anaesthesia, and PD is becoming a common comorbidity. PD symptoms, delayed medicine...

  6. Radikal prostatektomi ved avanceret prostatacancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Røder, Martin Andreas; Iversen, Peter

    2012-01-01

    There is no evidence for the use of radical prostatectomy in patients with disseminated prostate cancer. However, development of new and effective treatment strategies has changed the therapeutic scenario for advanced disease. Multimodal therapy, also including local therapy of the primary tumour......, has received increased attention, and clinical studies in lymph node positive disease are under way. We report three patients in whom radical prostatectomy was performed despite the presence of metastases....

  7. Bag ved skyerne skinner solen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zobbe, Henrik

    2012-01-01

    På langt sigt skinner solen på erhvervet. De globale udfordringer er store, og landbruget og fødevareindustrien står helt centralt placeret på løsningsdagsordenen......På langt sigt skinner solen på erhvervet. De globale udfordringer er store, og landbruget og fødevareindustrien står helt centralt placeret på løsningsdagsordenen...

  8. Pneumocystepneumoni ved behandling med infliximab

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Josephson, Maria Eklund; Kristensen, Lena Hagelskjaer; Andersen, Vibeke

    2008-01-01

    The treatment of ulcerative colitis has improved since the appearance of Tumor Necrosis Factor (TNF)-alpha inhibitors. However, the use of TNF-alpha inhibitors increases the risk of opportunistic infections. We describe two cases of Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia during infliximab therapy...... for active ulcerative colitis. They were successfully treated with sulfametoxazole/trimetroprim. High awareness of P. jiroveci pneumonia in patients who develop pulmonary symptoms with hypoxia during TNF-alpha modulator therapy is recommended....

  9. Monitering af kromudledningen ved Qaqortoq

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Glahder, C.

    was performed on behalf of the Greenland Home Rule, Department of Environment and Nature, with the purpose to evaluate the impact of chromium discharged from the tannery Great Greenland, Qaqortoq. Similar environmental studies were conducted by DMU, AM in October 1989 and 1991. The highest chromium...... concentrations in mussels and seaweed were in 1997 found within one km from the tannery. This was similar to the two previous years. Yet, concentrations in 1997 were 3-5 times higher (13-16 µg/g dry weight) in the mussels than found in 1989 and 1991. The concentrations in seaweed were this year comparable...... to the level in 1991 (1.5-3.4 µg/g dry weight), and less than in 1989 (1,2-8,9 µg/g dry weight). The background concentrations were in 1997 reached (found) 2 kms (seaweed) and 3 kms (mussels) from the tannery compared to distances in previous years of 1 km (seaweed), 1,5 kms (mussels, 1991), and 3 kms (mussels...

  10. Nye metoder ved gastrointestinal endoskopi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stigaard, Trine; Meisner, Søren

    2010-01-01

    The development of diagnostic and therapeutic flexible endoscopy is vivid. This article describes some of the most recent diagnostic techniques: Narrow Band Imaging, Fujinon Intelligent Color Enhancement, Autofluorescence Imaging, Optical Coherence Tomography, Confocal Laser Endomicroscopy. Liter....... Literature was found through searches on PUBMED and written information from Olympus, Fujinon and Pentax. Which techniques will be used in the future? Will optical biopsy soon be possible? We need more controlled studies....

  11. Genetisk udredning ved infantile spasmer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjærsgaard Hansen, Lars; Ousager, Lilian Bomme; Møller, Rikke Steensbjerre;

    2012-01-01

    Infantile spasms are a symptom of a severe epileptic encephalopathy. It is important to determine the aetiology for a child's disease. When a standard programme for evaluating the aetiology of the infantile spasms is unsuccessful genetic causes should be considered. We suggest array CGH...

  12. Dødsulykker ved bygningsbrande

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leth, Peter Mygind; Gregersen, Markil Ebbe Gregers; Sabroe, Svend

    1998-01-01

    (66 men and 70 women), 1988-93: 363 (212 men and 150 women), mostly due to an increase in tobacco-smoking related fire accidents. In 1988-93 the three common causes of housefire deaths were tobacco-smoking, often in combination with alcohol intoxication or handicap (51%), cooking-accidents (10......%) and accidents with candles (9%). The largest risk groups were chronic alcoholics, handicapped and elderly people. In conclusion, warnings should be issued against smoking in bed and use of loose-fitting clothing while cooking on an open fire. Protective aprons and devices for use while smoking, self...

  13. Neurobiologien ved borderline-personlighedsforstyrrelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Rune; Simonsen, Erik

    2012-01-01

    Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a severe psychiatric disorder characterised by instability of affect regulation, impulse control, interpersonal relationships, and self-image. The aim of this status article is to provide a brief overview of the neurobiological underpinnings of the core...

  14. Ekstraintestinale manifestationer ved inflammatorisk tarmsygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Signe; Bendtzen, Klaus; Nielsen, Ole Haagen

    2009-01-01

    dermatological manifestations, while episcleritis, iridocyclitis and uveitis are common ophthalmological complications. Conventional drugs and biologicals have proven effective in the treatment of several of the manifestations, including peripheral arthritis, pyoderma gangraenosum and episcleritis...

  15. Dødsulykker ved bygningsbrande

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leth, Peter Mygind; Gregersen, Markil Ebbe Gregers; Sabroe, Svend

    1998-01-01

    %) and accidents with candles (9%). The largest risk groups were chronic alcoholics, handicapped and elderly people. In conclusion, warnings should be issued against smoking in bed and use of loose-fitting clothing while cooking on an open fire. Protective aprons and devices for use while smoking, self...... (66 men and 70 women), 1988-93: 363 (212 men and 150 women), mostly due to an increase in tobacco-smoking related fire accidents. In 1988-93 the three common causes of housefire deaths were tobacco-smoking, often in combination with alcohol intoxication or handicap (51%), cooking-accidents (10......-extinguishing cigarettes and use of fireproof materials in furniture and clothing may prevent ignition. Smoke-alarms may secure early warning....

  16. Perioperativ vaeskebehandling ved perforeret ulcus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerre, Catherine Collin; Holte, Kathrine

    2009-01-01

    : Retrospective survey of 45 consecutive patients operated for perforated ulcers over a 3-year period between 1 January 2003 and 31 December 2005 in the surgical department of a university hospital. RESULTS: Data that would permit rational fluid therapy are not being collected on a regular basis. Fluid balance...... charts were kept for 42 patients on the day of operation (89%), for 29 patients on the first post-operative day (61%), for 17 patients on the second post-operative day (36%) and for 12 patients (25%) on the third post-operative day. No patients were weighed for assessment of fluid status. Perioperative...... fluid administration varied extensively, with fluid balance on the day of surgery ranging from -45 to 8,030 ml (median 2688 ml) and a cumulated fluid balance of 7,2 litres (1,875-14,565 ml) three days postoperatively. Generally, patients had no fluid administered prior to surgery (median 0 ml, applying...

  17. Nye terapeutiske styringsmuligheder ved leukaemi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, A W; Hokland, P; Jørgensen, H

    1992-01-01

    . Such clonal expansions can be verified by the Southern Blotting procedure as differences in molecular weight between normal and rearranged DNA fragments. In the lymphatic disorders it is possible to assign the malignant clone to B cell lineage by rearrangement in the immunoglobulin light chain gene, while...

  18. Fagligt Forum ved en skillevej

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerg, Claus

    2008-01-01

    Med cvu-bibliotekernes overgang til professionshøjskoler ændres det biblioteksfaglige landskab. Det har Fagligt Forum taget konsekvensen af og nedlægger sig selv i løbet af 2000......Med cvu-bibliotekernes overgang til professionshøjskoler ændres det biblioteksfaglige landskab. Det har Fagligt Forum taget konsekvensen af og nedlægger sig selv i løbet af 2000...

  19. Psykosociale aspekter ved dissemineret sklerose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stenager, E; Stenager, E N; Knudsen, Lone

    1995-01-01

    Using multiple sclerosis as a model, it is demonstrated how a chronic neurological disorder has psychosocial consequences during the period between onset and diagnosis, at the time of diagnosis, and in the post-diagnostic period. The impact of the disorder on self-esteem, civil status, habitation...

  20. Kommentarer til SNS, Glycine max (A2704-12), vurdering af konsekvenserne ved at importere og anvende sojabønnerne på den måde, det er beskrevet i ansøgningen, modtaget 20-02-2006, deadline 01-05-2006

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjellsson, Gøsta; Damgaard, Christian; Strandberg, Morten Tune

    2006-01-01

    de klimatiske forhold udelukker dette. En markedsføring af sojabønnen kan derfor ikke have nogen uønskede økologiske konsekvenser i Danmark. I dyrkningsområderne i Sydeuropa kan der ved uheld ske en iblanding af GM-sojafrø i frø til udsæd af ikke-GM soja. En eventuel tilfældig spredning af GM-soja...

  1. Kommentarer til SNS, Glycine max (A2704-12), vurdering af konsekvenserne ved at importere og anvende sojabønnerne på den måde, det er beskrevet i ansøgningen, modtaget 20-02-2006, deadline 01-05-2006

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjellsson, Gøsta; Damgaard, Christian; Strandberg, Morten Tune

    2006-01-01

    "Den genmodificerede sojabønne A2704-12 adskiller sig fra konventionelle sojabønner ved at have indsat et gen der gør planterne tolerante over for glufosinat-ammonium herbicider. Sojabønnen søges kun godkendt til import og viderebearbejdning til bl.a. dyrefoder og fødevarer, men ikke til dyrkning...

  2. Praksis som læringsmetode i ingeniørutdanningen – erfaringer fra ingeniørstudiet i undervannsteknologi - drift og vedlikehold ved Høgskolen i Bergen (HiB

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laila Linde Lossius

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Norsk ingeniørutdanning har blitt kritisert for å være for teoretisk. Næringslivets hovedorganisasjon (NHO m.fl. startet derfor prosjektet «Lærlingeordning i høyere utdannelse». Høgskolen i Bergen dro nytte av erfaringene derfra, og i 2007 – da bachelorstudiet i undervannsteknologi startet – var forutsetningen at studiet skulle ha stor praksisandel og mye kontakt med lokalt næringsliv. Studiet har blitt Norges mest etterspurte treårige ingeniørstudium. Frafallet har vært lavere enn ved andre ingeniørstudier. Studiet har inneholdt flere praksisformer, hvorav bacheloroppgave i bedrift, ingeniørpraksis og verkstedpraksis ble regnet som de mest utbytterike ut fra svar i spørreundersøkelsene. 72 % av studentene anså praksis som en viktig årsak til at de søkte. Faglig interesse og utsikt til gode jobber var dog viktigst. 71 % av studentene opplevde at praksis underveis ville gjøre dem til bedre ingeniører, mens 55 % mente det hadde innvirkning på at de fullførte studiet. Praksisbedriftene har tjent ved bedret rekruttering, de største opptil 0,7 ansatt per praksisplass. Praksisorganisering er krevende, og kvalitetssikring og oppfølging er viktig for å få et godt resultat. Bedriftsnettverk er gode støttespillere, men skolen må også avsette nok ressurser til arbeidet. Siden skader kan skje i industrien, må forsikringsordninger av studenter i praksis settes på den politiske agendaen slik at regelverket kan endres. Summary Norwegian engineering studies has been criticized of being too theoretical. Bergen University College used experiences from the project “Apprenticeship in higher education” when starting the engineering program in Subsea technology in 2007. Much practice and contact with local industry was requested. The program has become popular and dropout is lower than in comparable programs. Student surveys revealed the most rewarding practice to be a company-based Bachelor thesis, engineer internships and

  3. Earthquake Simulation Tests on Weak-layer Steel Frames with VED%薄弱层设置VED的钢框架模型振动台试验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王佶; 魏文晖

    2006-01-01

    对薄弱层设置粘弹性阻尼器(VED)支撑的钢框架进行了地震模拟振动台试验研究.试验中设计制作了一个五层钢框架模型,对纯钢框架结构、仅设钢支撑的钢框架结构及第一层、第三层和第五层分别设置粘弹性阻尼器支撑的结构进行了罕遇地震和多遇地震下的振动台模拟试验,并与有限元分析结果进行了对比.结果表明,粘弹性阻尼器能够有效控制结构的地震反应,但罕遇地震下的减振效果较多遇地震下的减振效果有所降低.

  4. Fremstilling af dias ved hjaelp af mikrodatamaten

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Moesgaard, F A; Schmidt, A E; Hammer, J H

    1990-01-01

    , the following may be mentioned: Montage which costs of 70,000 Danish crowns (approximately 6,000 pounds), Matrix PCR at 100,000 Danish crowns (approximately 9,000 pounds), Matrix QCR-Z at 200,000 Danish crowns (approximately 18,000 pounds) and Lasergraphic's two models at 60,000 and 120,000 Danish crowns......, respectively (approximately 5,000 pounds and 10,000 pounds). In the price class of about 100,000 Danish crowns, Matrix PCR can be recommended particularly as this camera has an excellent optic and advanced self calibrating system. Among the cheaper cameras. Montage is recommended which e.g. functions well...

  5. Antibiotikavalg ved purulent meningitis uden bakteriologisk diagnose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krarup, H B

    1989-01-01

    A case of meningitis in a 16 month old boy caused by Hemophilus influenzae resistant to ampicillin is presented. The question is raised whether a third generation cephalosporin such as cefotaxime should be the drug of choice in the treatment of bacterial meningitis with unknown etiology...

  6. Kliniske symptomer og patofysiologi ved migraene

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tfelt-Hansen, P.; Ashina, M.; Olesen, J.

    2008-01-01

    Understanding of the pathophysiology of migraine attacks requires consideration of both symptoms and paraclinical investigations. During the aura phase, characteristic changes in regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) can be observed. The headache is most likely a form of neurovascular pain. Nausea......, photo- and phonophobia are probably elicited from the central nervous system. Positron emission tomography (PET) scans reveal specific changes in the brain stem. Allodynia, most likely caused by central sensitization, often develops during the attack. In conclusion, the migraine attack is a complex...

  7. Beta-2-mikroglobulin ved medicinske sygdomme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, P B; Olsen, Niels Vidiendal

    1989-01-01

    -beta 2M. beta 2M is a sensitive but non-specific parameter in inflammation and infection. Determination of beta 2M in saliva has been found to be of value in Sjögren's syndrome. In HIV-positive patients, a high serum-beta 2M level is a poor prognostic sign. Determinations of CSF-beta 2M in AIDS patients......-interstitial nephropathy, increased quantities of beta 2M are excreted in the urine. If the rate of glomerular filtration is reduced, serum-beta 2M is increased and this is also the case in persons with increased cell division despite normal renal function. Serum-beta 2M is, therefore, raised in numerous malignant...... must be presumed to be of value not only in the diagnosis of cerebral AIDS and other (latent) CNS infections but also to demonstrate complicating cerebral malignant lymphomata at an early stage....

  8. Arbejdsmiljø ved udbud af busdrift

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wiegmann, Inger-Marie; Mathiesen, Karin; Hasle, Peter

    En undersøgelse af sammenhængen mellem arbejdsmiljø og udbud af busdrift i tre trafikselskabet. Resultaterne peger på at arbejdsmiljøet går fra udelukkende til at være et anliggende mellem arbejdsgiver og arbejdstager til et trepartsforhold hvor også udbyder (trafikselskabet) får et ansvar og har...

  9. Biofilm ved kronisk rhinosinuitis og cystisk fibrose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fisker, Jacob; Buchwald, Christian von; Johansen, Helle Krogh

    2011-01-01

    Microbial biofilms are known to cause persistent foreign-body infections and have recently been acknowledged as involved in more than 65% of all human infections. Microbial biofilms have been detected in chronic rhinosinusitis, and chronic rhinosinusitis is mandatory in patients with cystic...

  10. Diagnose, behandling og prognose ved fibromyalgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Danneskiold-Samsøe, Bente; Bartels, Else Marie; Amris, Kirstine

    2010-01-01

    It is important to recognize the diagnosis of fibromyalgia (FM) to adequately advise patients with this chronic pain disease. FM coexists with other rheumatic diseases and may therefore serve as a confounder in connection with estimation of disease activity. The aetiology and pathogenesis of FM...

  11. Urinretention ved postoperativ smertebehandling med epidurale opioider

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, B J; Rosenberg, J; Andersen, J T

    1990-01-01

    . Inhibition of per- and postoperatively increased sympathetic activity may possibly prevent PU. Carbacholine is not effective in the treatment of postoperative retention of urine. In animal experimental studies, kappa-receptor agonists have an analgesic effect without urodynamic side-effects but no clinical...... and peripheral effect of the opiate involving altered autonomic activity. Increased sympathetic activity resulting from surgery may, similarly, be a pathogenetic factor. The current methods of treatment are prophylactic or symptomatic alpha-receptor blockade, naloxon in refractory doses or catheterization...

  12. Beskatning ved død

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Langhave Jeppesen, Inge

    2015-01-01

    . It is also possible however, that HVLA-manipulation involves a segmental or generalized inhibitory effect on nociception, irrespective of biomechanical function. In the current study it was investigated whether a local analgesic effect of HVLA-manipulation on deep muscle pain could be detected, in healthy......-nine healthy adults (mean age 24.5 years) participated, 13 women and 16 men. Complete data was available for 28 participants. Analysis of variance revealed no statistically significant difference between active and placebo manipulation on any of the four pain measures. CONCLUSION: The current findings do...... not support the theory that HVLA-manipulation has a non-specific, reflex-mediated local or generalized analgesic effect on experimentally induced deep muscle pain. This in turn suggests, that any clinical analgesic effect of HVLA-manipulation is likely related to the amelioration of a pre-existing painful...

  13. Finnålsaspirationscytologi ved mammografiscreening

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Engvad, Birte; Laenkholm, Anne-Vibeke; Schwartz, Walter

    2009-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: In the year 2000 a quality assurance programme for the preoperative breast diagnostics was introduced in Denmark. The programme was based on the "European guidelines for quality assurance in breast cancer screening and diagnosis" where - among other measures - five cytological diagn...... find that the use of FNAC as first-choice in triple diagnostics is a useful tool. Udgivelsesdato: Aug-17...

  14. Beskeden risiko for fosfatnefropati ved colonudrensning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schmidt, Palle Nordblad; Hendel, Jakob W

    2010-01-01

    Acute phosphate nephropathy is a rare, but serious adverse event associated with the use of sodium phosphate for bowel cleansing. It may lead to permanent renal impairment and a need for dialysis. The aetiology is hyperphosphataemia caused by intestinal absorption of the cleanser. Risk factors in...

  15. Assisteret reproduktion ved HIV-infektion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kazlauskaite, Ramune; Østergaard, Lars; Laursen, Tinne

    2009-01-01

    horizontal nor vertical infection occurred. CONCLUSION: Our study confirms that insemination is a good first-choice treatment in respect to chance of pregnancy and risk for virus transmission in HIV-seropositive couples in cases without indication for IVF. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Apr-27......INTRODUCTION: In Denmark assisted reproductive treatment to HIV discordant couples is offered in order to minimize risk of horizontal transmission of virus. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The outcome of 24 HIV-seropositive couples referred with a wish for parenthood to Aarhus University Hospital, Skejby......, between September 1999 and December 2007 was reviewed on the basis of prospectively collected data. A total of 18 couples were offered treatment. RESULTS: In all, eight couples achieved 17 pregnancies, six by home-insemination, ten by homologous intrauterine insemination, and one spontaneously. Neither...

  16. Osmotisk demyeliniseringssyndrom ved Addisonkrise og svaer hyponatriaemi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Signe Elisabeth Bødker; Stausbøl-Grøn, Brian; Rasmussen, Torsten Bloch

    2008-01-01

    Acute adrenal insufficiency is a life threatening disease with dehydration, hypotension, cerebral dysfunction and gastrointestinal symptoms accompanied by low plasma sodium and high plasma potassium. Osmotic demyelination syndrome (ODS) can occur rarely following correction of plasma sodium. We...... describe a case with extremely low plasma sodium and subsequent development of ODS. Correction which is too slow may lead to cerebral oedema, brain stem herniation and low sodium encephalopathy. Correction which is too fast may cause ODS. The dilemma is accentuated by concomitant Addison crisis...

  17. Definition, klassifikation og epidemiologi ved whiplash

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Troels Staehelin; Kasch, Helge; Bach, Flemming Winther

    2010-01-01

    A whiplash trauma is caused by an acceleration-deceleration force transferring its energy to the cervical spine. Whiplash-associated disorder (WAD) refers to the symptoms that develop after a whiplash injury. The prognosis is favorable with recovery in over 90% of the injured subjects...

  18. Tidsforbrug ved monitorering af postoperativ oxygenstatus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lavrsen, M J; Tuxøe, J I; Koch, J S;

    1997-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to compare use of time with pulse oximetry versus arterial blood gas measurement on the general surgical ward. Eighty patients who had just had major orthopaedic or abdominal surgery were included in the study at two hospitals in Copenhagen. Success rate for pulse oxi....... We recommend that all general surgical wards should have a portable pulse oximeter for monitoring arterial oxygenation after major surgery....

  19. Overdragelse af immaterielle licenser ved virksomhedsoverdragelser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Liin, Birgit; Bülow, Christian

    2012-01-01

    Artiklen belyser mulighederhne for at overdrage immaterielle licenser i forbindelse med virksomhedsoverdragelser i og uden for konkurs, herunder med hjemmel i konkuslovens § 14 c, stk. 2, fra virksomheder under rekonstruktionsbehandling.......Artiklen belyser mulighederhne for at overdrage immaterielle licenser i forbindelse med virksomhedsoverdragelser i og uden for konkurs, herunder med hjemmel i konkuslovens § 14 c, stk. 2, fra virksomheder under rekonstruktionsbehandling....

  20. Helbredsrisici ved eksponering for styren i glasfiberplastindustrien

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kolstad, Henrik Albert; Ebbehøj, Nielse; Bonde, Jens Peter

    2012-01-01

    or relevant exposure levels. We recommend reconsideration of the current Danish threshold limit value of 25 ppm, biological monitoring of styrene exposed workers, and epidemiological analyses of styrene exposure levels and long-term health effects among employees of the Danish reinforced plastics industry....

  1. Arbejdsmiljø ved udbud af busdrift

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wiegmann, Inger-Marie; Mathiesen, Karin; Hasle, Peter

    En undersøgelse af sammenhængen mellem arbejdsmiljø og udbud af busdrift i tre trafikselskabet. Resultaterne peger på at arbejdsmiljøet går fra udelukkende til at være et anliggende mellem arbejdsgiver og arbejdstager til et trepartsforhold hvor også udbyder (trafikselskabet) får et ansvar og har...

  2. Fund af lymfeknuder ved kolorektal cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schmidt, Mads Bo; Engel, Ulla; Mogensen, Anne Mellon

    2009-01-01

    Colorectal carcinoma is one of the most prevalent malignancies in Western countries. Lymph node status is a significant prognosticator. The chance of identifying node-positivity is positively correlated with the number of lymph nodes (LN) identified. The present paper discusses various variables...

  3. Billeddiagnostiske aspekter ved damage control-kirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ewertsen, Caroline; Hansen, Kristoffer Lindskov; Nielsen, Michael Bachmann

    2011-01-01

    The imaging modalities computed tomography (CT) and the ultrasonography (US) examination focused assessment with sonography for trauma (FAST) in relation to damage control in traumas are discussed. CT has the advantage of high sensitivity and specificity for detection of organ specific lesions....... FAST ultrasound is a good screening tool for intraperitoneal bleeding, but the sensitivity and specificity is lower than by CT. We recommend FAST-US prehospitally or early in the trauma room resuscitation. Haemodynamically stable patients with relevant traumas should undergo CT....

  4. Generaliserede kramper som debutsymptom ved Gitelmans syndrom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hvelplund, Carolina; Jeppesen, Eva Mosfeldt; Mortensen, Henrik B;

    2009-01-01

    of Gitelman's syndrome which - to our knowledge - has not been described previously. The patient had a homozygote deletion of the CLC-KB gene, CLCNKB. The case was successfully treated by correcting hypokalemia and hypomagnesiemia with supplemental potassium and magnesium. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Mar-2...

  5. Risiko for affektiv lidelse ved multipel sklerose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stenager, Elsebeth Nylev; Stage, Kurt Bjerregaard; Stenager, Egon

    2011-01-01

    An increased risk for depression has been found in multiple sclerosis (MS). The purpose of the present study has been to give suggestions to guidelines for diagnosis and treatment of depression in MS in Denmark based on the international literature and recommendations. The method was a review of ...

  6. Kontrol af serumcalcium med cinacalcet ved parathyroideacancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sanden, Anne Katrine; Vestergaard, Peter

    2009-01-01

    Treatment with cinacalcet and intravenous bisphosphonate has improved the previously often fatal prognosis of parathyroid cancer. We report two cases, of which one did not react to treatment and died within a short time-frame. In the other case, cinacalcet controlled serum calcium during a prolon...

  7. Monitorering og iltbehandling ved gastrointestinal endoskopi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rosenberg, J

    1992-01-01

    Gastroenterological Societies in Britain and USA have published recommendations for sedation, monitoring and oxygen therapy during gastrointestinal endoscopy. No scientific basis for the introduction of recommendations such as these is, however, present as it has not yet been proved that hypoxaemia...... is responsible for morbidity and mortality on gastrointestinal endoscopy. The pathogenesis of the development of myocardial ischaemia during gastrointestinal endoscopy is considered by many to be the simultaneous arterial hypoxaemia but recent investigations suggest that tachycardia is a more important factor....... The scientific data available at present in this field is not conclusive. Introduction of recommendations for monitoring and oxygen therapy during gastrointestinal endoscopy in Denmark should be delayed until elucidation of the mechanisms involved has been undertaken....

  8. Rickettsiose som differentialdiagnostisk overvejelse ved rejserelateret feber

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kibsgaard, Line

    2012-01-01

    , rickettsiosis should be considered in the returned traveller with fever, especially when malaria, dengue fever and typhoid fever have been excluded. There is a possibility that doxycycline may have a prophylactic effect on rickettsiosis, but this thesis is only imaginary and needs further investigation....

  9. Helbredsrisici ved eksponering for styren i glasfiberplastindustrien

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kolstad, Henrik Albert; Ebbehøj, Nielse; Bonde, Jens Peter;

    2012-01-01

    This is a summary of the health risks of occupational styrene exposure based on recent reviews. We conclude about the exposure levels that there is strong evidence that styrene causes acute irritation of eyes and respiratory tract above 25 ppm, genotoxic effects above 10 ppm, and persistent nervous...... system effects with for instance reduced psychological performance, colour discrimination and hearing level following long-term styrene exposure above 10 ppm. There is moderate evidence of a causal association with cancer, but data are not sufficient to allow us to pinpoint specific cancers at risk...

  10. Det komplekse kliniske billede ved arvelige mitokondriesygdomme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frederiksen, Anja Lisbeth; Nielsen, Morten Frost; Yderstræde, Knud

    2014-01-01

    Mitochondria produce cellular energy, which is of vital importance for cellular metabolism. The organelles contain their own genetic material (i.e. mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA)) with a matrilineal inheritance. Mutations in the mtDNA may cause mitochondrial disease affecting multiple organs leading...... to diabetes, hearing impairment, muscle fatigue, ptosis and stroke-like episodes in varying combinations and severity. The variable phenotypic presentations make it a challenge to recognize mitochondrial diseases and, consequently, the correct diagnosis is often delayed....

  11. Blodtryksnedsaettelse kan forvaerre symptomerne ved akut apopleksi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Garde, E; Jørgensen, H S; Olsen, T S

    1995-01-01

    Patients with acute stroke often present with high blood pressure (BP) on hospital admission. Because hypertension is a risk factor for stroke, and because severe BP elevation may increase oedema and the risk of haemorrhage, acute antihypertensive therapy might seem reasonable. On the other hand......, the increase in BP in the acute stage might be considered a beneficial pathophysiological response maintaining the perfusion pressure to the ischaemic area and, in particular, the surrounding penumbra. As illustrated in the case presented here, lowering the BP in the early stage may be associated...

  12. Udfordringer og strategier ved produktion af biodiesel

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Anders Theilgaard; Riisager, Anders; Fehrmann, Rasmus

    2009-01-01

    I takt med at verdens olieressourcer forbruges, øges fokus på fornybare brændsler, der ikke medfører stigning i CO2-udledningen. Der er især opmærksomhed på biobrændstoffer som mulige alternativer eller additiver til petrobrændstof...

  13. Biologisk terapi ved juvenil idiopatisk artritis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Herlin, Troels

    2008-01-01

    In recent years the treatment of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) has undergone marked changes. There is substantial evidence that inhibitors of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) like etanercept, infliximab and adalimumab show significant efficacy when standard therapy fails, and long-ter...

  14. Smerte og smertemestring ved juvenil idiopatisk artritis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Herlin, Troels; Thastum, Mikael

    2008-01-01

    Pain is one of the primary symptoms of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). JIA patients have reduced pain tolerance and pain threshold compared to healthy controls. In children with JIA the greater use of coping strategies such as problem-solving, positive self-statements and distraction consist...

  15. Lokal intraarteriel trombolyse ved akut ekstremitetsiskaemi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Enevoldsen, M T; Rørdam, Peter; Schroeder, T V

    1996-01-01

    The effect of intra-arterial local thrombolysis or peripheral arterial occlusions seems to be well documented. As assessed by angiography, primary recanalisation is achieved in 65-90%. Using recombinant tissue plasminogen activator thrombolysis is achieved more frequently (90% vs 65-85%) and faster...

  16. Jeg ved en lærkerede.

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, M. S.

    2005-01-01

    Vismændenes bestræbelse på at anvende det modelmæssige og naturvidenskabelige vidensgrundlag for den økonomiske analyse er prisværdigt. Alligevel ender randzone-konklusionen dog med delvis at snuble i netop dette grundlag. For forudsætningen for at randzoner kan give så mange sanglærker det er vel...

  17. Udfordringer og strategier ved produktion af biodiesel

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Anders Theilgaard; Riisager, Anders; Fehrmann, Rasmus

    2009-01-01

    I takt med at verdens olieressourcer forbruges, øges fokus på fornybare brændsler, der ikke medfører stigning i CO2-udledningen. Der er især opmærksomhed på biobrændstoffer som mulige alternativer eller additiver til petrobrændstof...

  18. Oxidativt stress og genetiske polymorfismer ved KOL

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dalsgarô, Oli Jacob; Vestbo, Jørgen

    2002-01-01

    is tobacco smoking. In recent years there has been increasing focus on the pathophysiological events leading to COPD, and oxidative stress has been suggested as one of the major pathophysiological factors. Clinical studies indicate a causal association between tobacco smoking, oxidative stress, increased...... inflammatory response, and destruction of lung parenchyma. This article reviews the clinical literature on oxidative stress as a pre-inflammatory state, leading to COPD in susceptible smokers....

  19. Sygdomsmekanismer og terapeutiske perspektiver ved neurofibromatose 1

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjærulff, Ole; Wandall, Hans

    2012-01-01

    Neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1, von Recklinghausen's disease) is a dominantly inherited multi-organ disease defined primarily by café au lait patches and neurofibromas. NF1 predisposes to cancer and is associated with cognitive dysfunction and learning defects. In recent years, considerable progress has...... been made in the understanding of NF1 pathogenesis, not least based on studies of genetically engineered animal models. We present an overview of the most important recent findings and the related current efforts to develop novel therapeutic strategies....

  20. Konsekvenser ved den nye dimittendsats 2017

    OpenAIRE

    Jørgensen, Jacob Kongsmar; Svane-Rasmussen, Lars

    2015-01-01

    Dette studie undersøger to scenarier som kan udspille sig, hvis man sænker satsen for dimittender. Vi går ind og ser på deres økonomiske situation og der motivation for at arbejde mod lavere løn.

  1. Okulære symptomer ved syfilis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kromann Opstrup Abildgaard, Søren; Javadi-Ottosen, Søren; Baggesen, Kirsten Lau

    2014-01-01

    This case presents a 42-year-old homosexual man with weight loss, urticaria type rash, tinnitus/phonophobia, dizziness and blurred vision and scotoma on the left side. Visual acuity was affected and a left papillitis was present. The patient was tested positive for antibodies against Treponoma...

  2. Laparoskopisk subtotal kolecystektomi ved kompliceret galdestenssygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Semenisina, Galina; Rosenberg, Jacob; Gögenur, Ismail

    2010-01-01

    In laparoscopic cholecystectomy conversion to open surgery occurs. Patients who would otherwise need conversion can benefit from laparoscopic subtotal cholecystectomy (LSC). We present a review of studies in which outcome after LSC has been investigated. The results show reduced conversion rates,...

  3. Vellykket konservativt behandlet caecumperforation ved Ogilvies syndrom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lang, Christian Lyngsaa; Haveman, Maria Cecilie; Achiam, Michael

    2013-01-01

    The case report describes a 37-year-old woman who was diagnosed with Ogilvie's syndrome after caesarean section. Conservative treatment was initiated with minimal effect, and the patient was subsequently treated with IV neostigmine. A computed tomography of the abdomen revealed enlarged peritoneal...

  4. Utfordringer ved prima vista tolking i asylintervjuer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatjana Radanović Felberg

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Every year the Norwegian Directorate of Immigration (UDI conducts approximately 10,000 interpreter-mediated asylum interviews in Norway. Each asylum interview ends with the interpreter providing a sight translation of the draft interview report (an oral translation of the text to the asylum seeker. The UDI wished to find out why some interpreters took so much more time than others for sight translation. In response, Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences initiated a pilot project. The project’s working hypothesis was that slow sight translation was due mainly to a combination of three factors: interpreters’ poor reading skills; interpreters’ poor interpreting techniques; and/or interpreters’ unfamiliarity with the appropriate genre/style. A more complex picture emerged, however, from an analysis of 13 asylum interviews; group work involving 108 UDI interpreters; and discussions with UDI specialists. An asylum report is the joint product of all the participants in an asylum interview, who are typically the asylum seeker, the interviewer and the interpreter. The pilot study showed that each participant could contribute in various ways to slowing the speed of sight translation. Contributing factors identified that were unrelated to the interpreter included the interviewer’s competence in interview techniques; the interviewer’s competence in creating a written record of speech; the asylum seeker’s narrative ability; and the asylum seeker’s ability to correct mistakes in the draft report. All these factors may have just as much impact on the speed of sight translation as the interpreter’s competence. In addition, the physical strain caused by the length of asylum interviews (six hours plus and the emotional stress potentially caused by such institutional interviews may affect the communicative abilities of all participants. As sight translation in the public sector is an under-researched area, the article starts with a discussion of terminology and an explanation of the UDI context. It then presents a possible explanation for slowness of sight translation and concludes that there is a need for more research into the various factors relevant to sight translation in the public sector and that there is a need to provide systematic training for both interpreters and interpreter users.

  5. Radiofrekvensablation reducerer risikoen ved dysplastisk Barretts oesophagus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Achiam, Michael; Holm, Jakob; Svendsen, Lars Bo

    2014-01-01

    Barrett's esophagus (BE) with dysplasia is generally accepted as the precursor to oesophageal cancer. Thus, methods to eradicate BE and dysplasia have been evaluated. Recently, radiofrequency ablation (RFA) has shown promising results with few adverse effects. The studies concerning RFA are......, however, small and heterogeneous. Only six studies have included more than 100 patients and only one is a prospective randomized trial. The purpose of this article is to describe the treatment of BE and especially the indications and challenges of RFA, including complications, buried glands and recurrence....

  6. Radiofrekvensablation reducerer risikoen ved dysplastisk Barrett oesophagus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Achiam, Michael; Holm, Jakob; Svendsen, Lars Bo

    2014-01-01

    Barrett's esophagus (BE) with dysplasia is generally accepted as the precursor to oesophageal cancer. Thus, methods to eradicate BE and dysplasia have been evaluated. Recently, radiofrequency ablation (RFA) has shown promising results with few adverse effects. The studies concerning RFA are......, however, small and heterogeneous. Only six studies have included more than 100 patients and only one is a prospective randomized trial. The purpose of this article is to describe the treatment of BE and especially the indications and challenges of RFA, including complications, buried glands and recurrence....

  7. Lav risiko for komplikationer ved screeningskoloskopi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thamsborg, Lise Laurberg Holst; Andersen, Ole; Fischer, Thea Kølsen

    2013-01-01

    In 2014, screening for colorectal cancer is scheduled to be introduced in Denmark using immunochemical test for blood in faeces (iFOBT). Positive tests are followed by colonoscopy. This review evaluates the risk of perforation, haemorrhage and death associated with screening colonoscopy based...

  8. Ekstrapulmonale komplikationer ved mycoplasma pneumoniae-infektioner

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjørn, Anne-Mette Bay; Lebech, Anne-Mette K

    2002-01-01

    Mycoplasma pneumoniae is a common cause of atypical pneumonia in children and young adults. The infection is generally mild and only a very few patients are admitted to hospital. However, extrapulmonary complications are well recognised--mostly as manifestations from the central nervous system (CNS)....

  9. Diagnosticering af choledochussten ved symptomgivende galdestenssygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristiansen, V B; Rosenberg, J; Kehlet, H

    2000-01-01

    one or more blood tests for liver function are elevated and/or the diameter of the common bile duct is > or = 10 mm on transabdominal ultrasound. Magnetic resonance cholangiography, endoscopic ultrasound, laparoscopic ultrasound, intraoperative cholangiography and endoscopic retrograde cholangiography...... as such in the future. Patients with cholangitis, jaundice and common bile duct stones visualised by transabdominal ultrasound have a high risk of common bile duct stones, and these patients can therefore undergo endoscopic retrograde cholangiography directly. Other patients should have a magnetic resonance...

  10. Fampridin forbedrer gangen ved multipel sklerose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mathiesen, Henrik Kahr; Sørensen, Per Soelberg

    2015-01-01

    The background for the use of fampridine, the indications, contraindications, side effects, and recommendations for Danish patients with multiple sclerosis are reviewed.......The background for the use of fampridine, the indications, contraindications, side effects, and recommendations for Danish patients with multiple sclerosis are reviewed....

  11. Adenokarcinom i rectumstump ved inflammatoriske tarmsygdomme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, C.N.; Raahave, D.

    2008-01-01

    We describe two cases of adenocarcinoma occurring in a closed rectal stump approximately 30 years after subtotal colectomy for ulcerative colitis, respectively, Cohn's disease. After many years disease-free, the patients presented with rectal secretions, including blood, and were diagnosed...... with metastasizing rectal cancer. Since malignant degeneration of a closed rectal stump may not give rise to symptoms until late in the disease process, it is suggested that the rectum should be controlled endoscopically every 2nd year following a subtotal colectomy for inflammatory bowel disease to enable radical...

  12. Definition, klassifikation og epidemiologi ved whiplash

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Troels Staehelin; Kasch, Helge; Bach, Flemming Winther

    2010-01-01

    A whiplash trauma is caused by an acceleration-deceleration force transferring its energy to the cervical spine. Whiplash-associated disorder (WAD) refers to the symptoms that develop after a whiplash injury. The prognosis is favorable with recovery in over 90% of the injured subjects...

  13. Molekylaer patogenese ved monogen og polygen fedme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Philip J; Echwald, Søren Morgenthaler; Sørensen, Thorkild I A

    2006-01-01

    During the last few years, studies of the molecular pathogenesis of obesity both in mouse models and in the rare cases of monogenic obesity in humans have added significantly to our understanding of the key role of the hypothalamus in mediating hunger and satiety. These insights have brought us...

  14. Usikker diagnostik med ultralydskanning ved fejlplaceret spiral

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Egekvist, Anne Gisselmann; Høj, Lars; Riiskjaer, Mads

    2014-01-01

    Ultrasound scan did not locate misplaced intrauterine devices One of the rare but serious complications of intrauterine contraception is perforation of the uterine wall at insertion. We present two cases where intrauterine devices went missing. In both cases abdominal and vaginal ultrasound scan...... was performed to locate the intrauterine device. They were not found and doctors concluded that the intrauterine devices were lost by expulsion. One intrauterine device came out of the rectum by itself; the other was found and removed from inside the abdomen at laparoscopy. An X-ray examination should have been...

  15. Bæredygtige systemleverancer ved renovering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schipull Kauschen, Jan

    2014-01-01

    bliver opfattet som ”bæredygtigt byggeri”. Bæredygtighed i byggeri rummer dog meget mere og især ressourceproblematikken omkring materialer, deres indvinding, anvendelse og genbrug bliver til vigtige spørgsmål i fremtiden, ikke kun med blik på miljøet, men også med blik på etiske, sociale og ikke til...... Assessment, LCA) er af stor betydning for både, udvikling og definition af bæredygtige systemleverancer, men også for bæredygtigt byggeri i det hele taget. Metoden har desuden en stærk fokus på miljømæssige aspekter, som igen synes at være en vigtigt og rigtigt fokus, på baggrund af den aktuelle...... to the environment, but also for society as a whole on social, ethical, and socio-economic levels. Sustainability in construction remains extremely difficult to define. The reason for this lies in the enormous complexity of the context – the ‘Big Picture’. Various aspects of this ‘Big Picture’ come into focus...

  16. Neuroradiologiske forandringer ved undertrykkelse af tics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Sara Bohn; Sørensen, Camilla Birgitte; Skov, Liselotte

    2017-01-01

    Tourette's syndrome is characterized by involuntary tics. First choice of treatment has been pharmacological, but recently, behavioural therapy teaching patients to suppress their tics has been introduced. Neuroimaging studies have shown an increased activity in the prefrontal cortex, temporal...... lobes and caudate nucleus, and a decreased activity in globus pallidus and putamen during inhibition of tics. The activity in the frontal lobes changes with age, probably caused by a lack of compensatory hypertrophy. In order to fully understand the mechanism behind behavioural therapy further studies...

  17. Fortsat indikation for jodid-123 ved thyroideaskintigrafi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Kim Francis; Hendel, Helle Westergren

    2011-01-01

    Diagnostic work-up of a coincidental finding of a mediastinal tumour in asymptomatic patients should initially be done by non-invasive imaging modalities. We present a case in which traditional use of 99mTc pertechnetate scintigraphy was insufficient in a male with an enlarged thyroid gland....... Application of iodine-123 can show diagnostic superiority owing to ideal tracer properties for scintigraphic imaging of the thyroid gland, such as pure gamma emission, organic binding and slow wash-out. The cons are a high radiation burden, price and lack of availability, as iodine-123 is a cyclotron product....

  18. Analyse af vindklima ved Navitas Park

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Michael R.; Lauridsen, Thomas Bank

    Formålet med denne vindklimaanalyse er at afklare, hvorvidt opførelsen af Navitas Park på Århus Havn vil medføre uhensigtsmæssige eller farlige vindforhold for fodgængere i området omkring bygningen.......Formålet med denne vindklimaanalyse er at afklare, hvorvidt opførelsen af Navitas Park på Århus Havn vil medføre uhensigtsmæssige eller farlige vindforhold for fodgængere i området omkring bygningen....

  19. Kromosomforandringer ved medfødt hjertemisdannelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Lars Allan

    2011-01-01

    Congenital heart disease (CHD) affects 1% of the population. The aetiology of CHD is complex and largely unknown, comprising both environmental and genetic components. Recent progress in molecular cytogenetics has led to the identification of rare genomic copy number variants (CNVs...

  20. Nye farmakologiske behandlingsmodaliteter ved type 2-diabetes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsbad, Sten; Hermansen, Kjeld

    2012-01-01

    co-transporter 2, which increase renal glucose elimination, G-protein-coupled receptor agonists, which potentiate insulin and incretin hormone secretion. Proof of principle has been shown for glucagon receptor agonists, glucokinase activators and treatment with dual intestinal peptides, which all...

  1. Kognitive deficit ved skizofreni og andre psykoser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fagerlund, Birgitte; Glenthøj, Birte Y

    2008-01-01

    and there is considerable incentive to develop treatments that can improve these deficits. The current brief review summarizes the relevance of cognitive deficits for the pathogenesis and prognosis of psychotic disorders, and identifies pertinent issues within the research field Udgivelsesdato: 2008/11/10...

  2. Genetik og stressende livsbegivenheder interagerer ved depression

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kessing, Lars Vedel; Bukh, Jens Otto Drachmann

    2013-01-01

    to a lesser extent are preceded by stressful life events. Clinical features do not differ between depressions with or without prior stressful life events. Certain genetic variations in the serotonin receptor system seem to increase the risk of developing depression in relation to experiencing stressful life......The aim of the present review was to present clinical aspects of recent research in genes, the experience of stressful life events and depression. 60-70% experience a moderate to severe stressful life event half a year prior to the first onset of depression, whereas later depressive episodes...

  3. Biofilm ved kronisk rhinosinuitis og cystisk fibrose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fisker, Jacob; Buchwald, Christian von; Johansen, Helle Krogh

    2011-01-01

    Microbial biofilms are known to cause persistent foreign-body infections and have recently been acknowledged as involved in more than 65% of all human infections. Microbial biofilms have been detected in chronic rhinosinusitis, and chronic rhinosinusitis is mandatory in patients with cystic fibro...... fibrosis. We believe that a reservoir for a sustained lung infection in these patients might be found in the nasal sinuses, and that the sinuses may act as a reservoir for reinfection after CF-patient lung transplants. Further studies are necessary....

  4. Regulering af cytokindannelse ved inflammatoriske tarmsygdomme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ferrero-Miliani, Laura; Seidelin, Jakob Benecidt; Nielsen, Ole Haagen

    2006-01-01

    Interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) is a pivotal mediator in the inflammatory immune response that is characteristic of a number of chronic disorders. The etiology and pathophysiology of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) have for many years been an enigma. The recent identification of the inflammasome......, a multiprotein complex responsible for interleukin-1beta converting enzyme (ICE, caspase-1) activation, has generated new possibilities for the elucidation of the etiology and pathophysiology of IBD and as a consequence also for the identification of new treatment targets....

  5. Biofilm ved kronisk rhinosinuitis og cystisk fibrose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fisker, Jacob; Buchwald, Christian von; Johansen, Helle Krogh

    2011-01-01

    Microbial biofilms are known to cause persistent foreign-body infections and have recently been acknowledged as involved in more than 65% of all human infections. Microbial biofilms have been detected in chronic rhinosinusitis, and chronic rhinosinusitis is mandatory in patients with cystic...

  6. Besøgscenter ved fregatten Jylland

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, Nils-Ole

    2005-01-01

    Det maritime besøgscenter består af riggerværksted, et værfts- og bådbyggeri og en værkstedsbygning til smed, tømrer, snedker og maler - mens museumsafsnittet består af udstilling, auditorium, cafe og administration i en lang bygning, der markerer indgangen til udstillingsområdet.......Det maritime besøgscenter består af riggerværksted, et værfts- og bådbyggeri og en værkstedsbygning til smed, tømrer, snedker og maler - mens museumsafsnittet består af udstilling, auditorium, cafe og administration i en lang bygning, der markerer indgangen til udstillingsområdet....

  7. Resultater efter primaer stapedotomi ved otosklerose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wanscher, Jens; Grøntved, Aksel; Faber, Christian

    2009-01-01

    .8 dB to 31.4 dB), the bone conduction PTA (25.2 dB to 23,1 dB), air-bone gap (27.6 dB to 8.3 dB), and the speech reception threshold (44.8 dB to 22.5 dB). One operation (0.6%) resulted in severe sensory-neural hearing loss, while other types of complications were seen after 7,2% of the operations......INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to assess the results after primary otosclerosis surgery at Odense University Hospital. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was based on information collected from a database and from patient records. A total of 154 primary stapedotomies (138 patients) were....... After thirteen operations (8.4%), reoperation was subsequently needed. CONCLUSION: Patients undergoing primary otosclerosis surgery gained a significant hearing improvement. The results of this survey matched those of larger international and Danish studies. Experienced ear surgeons can perform...

  8. Definition, klassifikation og epidemiologi ved whiplash

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Troels Staehelin; Kasch, Helge; Bach, Flemming Winther

    2010-01-01

    . In a fraction of patients, long-term symptoms with pain and cognitive and emotional symptoms may occur, causing long-term disability. The pathophysiology is unclear. Most research groups favor a multifactorial pathophysiology similar to that observed for other chronic pain conditions without a clear nociceptive...

  9. Laparoskopisk subtotal kolecystektomi ved kompliceret galdestenssygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Semenisina, Galina; Rosenberg, Jacob; Gögenur, Ismail

    2010-01-01

    In laparoscopic cholecystectomy conversion to open surgery occurs. Patients who would otherwise need conversion can benefit from laparoscopic subtotal cholecystectomy (LSC). We present a review of studies in which outcome after LSC has been investigated. The results show reduced conversion rates,......, shorter hospital stay, minimal complications and mortality rates. Acute cholecystitis, cirrhosis, Mirrizi syndrome type I are the indications for LSC. Randomized prospective trials are needed to investigate safety and long-term effects....

  10. Kognitive forstyrrelser ved svaer traumatisk hjerneskade

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Engelmann, Christina Malling; Siert, Lars

    2007-01-01

    Traumatic brain injury (TBI) very often has extensive effects of cognitive character such as changes in recognition, thought, memory, language and perception. The purpose of this paper is to give a short status of cognitive impairment after severe traumatic brain injury and to illustrate that cog......Traumatic brain injury (TBI) very often has extensive effects of cognitive character such as changes in recognition, thought, memory, language and perception. The purpose of this paper is to give a short status of cognitive impairment after severe traumatic brain injury and to illustrate...... that cognitive impairment varies according to levels of consciousness. The article shortly describes typical observed behaviour in the patient when waking up after severe TBI, including post-traumatic amnesia. Udgivelsesdato: 2007-Jan-15...

  11. Osmotisk demyeliniseringssyndrom ved Addisonkrise og svaer hyponatriaemi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Signe Elisabeth Bødker; Stausbøl-Grøn, Brian; Rasmussen, Torsten Bloch

    2008-01-01

    describe a case with extremely low plasma sodium and subsequent development of ODS. Correction which is too slow may lead to cerebral oedema, brain stem herniation and low sodium encephalopathy. Correction which is too fast may cause ODS. The dilemma is accentuated by concomitant Addison crisis...

  12. Leverfibrose kan vurderes ved ikkeinvasiv ultralydelastografi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thielsen, Peter; Wilkens, Rune; Rafaelsen, Søren Rafael;

    2015-01-01

    Diagnosis and assessment of liver fibrosis is of great importance for initiating treatment and starting hepatocellular carcinoma surveillance in patients with established cirrhosis. Liver biopsy is still considered the gold standard for liver fibrosis staging, however; it is far from perfect. Non......-invasive assessment of liver fibrosis is becoming more available and is well tolerated. This review describes the feasibility and reliability of two elastography methods: transient elastography and Acoustic Radiation Force....

  13. Rapport om digitale oplysninger ved Aalborg Universitet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bønsing, Sten

    Rapport til Aalborg Universitets ledelse vedr. brug af digitale oplysninger i forbindelse med e-mailing, databaser, hjemmesider mv.......Rapport til Aalborg Universitets ledelse vedr. brug af digitale oplysninger i forbindelse med e-mailing, databaser, hjemmesider mv....

  14. Osteoporose er hyppig ved Parkinsons sygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ezzatian-Ahar, Shabnam; Schwarz, Peter; Pedersen, Stephen Wørlich

    2015-01-01

    The risk of developing osteoporosis, as well as Parkinson's disease (PD) is increased with increasing age, resulting in increased risk of fracture, particularly hip fractures. Each one of these two conditions can be debilitating and affect the individual patient's quality of life negatively. PD...

  15. Epidemiologi ved juvenil systemisk lupus erythematosus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Odd Vinje

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available We have previously described the impact of Apgar scores on later major and minor disabilities. According to these and other studies, children with low Apgar scores have to show symptoms of neonatal encephalopathy in the first week of life to be at risk of developing later disabilities. Information on neonatal encephalopathy has traditionally been less accessible than Apgar scores in The Medical Birth Registry of Norway (MBRN. In the present study the possibility of extracting information on neonatal encephalopathy from the new notification form to the MBRN, which was introduced in late 1998, was investigated. The introduction of specific and generally accepted definitions of neonatal diagnoses combined with more comprehensive reports to MBRN from the neonatal departments may render registry based studies on neonatal encephalopathy possible in the future

  16. Hastigt progredierende synstab ved idiopatisk intrakraniel hypertension

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skau, Maren; Jensen, Rigmor; Milea, Dan

    2009-01-01

    Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is a condition of increased intracranial pressure of unknown aetiology. Slowly progressing visual defects secondary to papilloedema are well-known complications. Rapidly progressing visual loss is rare. A case of acute and rapidly progressing visual loss...... in idiopathic intracranial hypertension is presented. Rapid recognition and treatment of IIH is important, and may occasionally prompt acute surgical treatment. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Jan...

  17. 水平n层导电半空间中运动时谐垂直电偶极子的电磁场%EMF of time-harmonic VED moving in a horizontal n-layer conducting half-space

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    嵇斗; 朱武兵; 王向军

    2014-01-01

    Based on the MAXWELL equation of the time-harmonic elctromagnetic field(EM F) and the boundary condition of the n-layer linear homogenous conducting medium ,this paper offers a series of general expressions of magnetism vector for the time-harmonic vertical electric dipole (VED) .Accor-ding to the basic principle of the special theory of relativity and Lorentz transformation ,the EM F of the moving dipole which is embedded in the first layer of the conducting half-space is presented .These expressions are used to solve for the EM F of the two-layer model of air and seawater and of the three-layer model of air ,seawater and seabed respectively .The comparison with the related literature veri-fies the correctness of the expressions .%对于 n层线性、均匀、各向同性水平成层导电媒质半空间,根据时谐电磁场的麦克斯韦方程和电磁场相对性原理,利用多层介质边界条件,给出了匀速运动垂直时谐电偶极子的矢量磁位表达式以及有源层中偶极子产生的电磁场表达通式。利用所得到的表达通式,分别求解两层(空气-海水)模型和三层(空气-海水-海床)模型的电磁场,并与有关文献进行了比较分析,验证了所得表达式的正确性。

  18. Også gravide skal rektaleksploreres ved anale symptomer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Højgaard, Helle Manfeld; Rahr, Hans

    2012-01-01

    A case of disseminated rectal cancer in a 32-year-old pregnant woman is described. Pain was her main complaint, but this had been ascribed to haemorrhoids and treated with topical agents. She was diagnosed with rectal cancer late in the third trimester when her midwife referred her for surgical a...

  19. Ingeniørenes rolle ved skabelse af innovative koncepter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    McAloone, Tim C.

    2007-01-01

    mikromøller (til installering på taget derhjemme i Storbritannien) lægger alle sammen pres på den danske vindmøllebranche. Der er også en teknologipark i Spanien, hvor virksomheder som Microsoft, Hewlett Packard og General Motors forsynes med 100 procent vedvarende energi fra lokalområdet. Teknologiparken har...

  20. Der er forandringer i hjernens ledningsbaner ved skizofreni

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ebdrup, Bjørn H; Skovgaard, Nana; Raghava, Jayachandra M;

    2014-01-01

    Schizophrenia is a brain disorder characterized by fundamental changes in thinking and beliefs. Alterations in white matter integrity may underlie the characteristic psychotic symptoms. This review focuses on diffusion tensor imaging studies in schizophrenia patients. Overall, schizophrenia appears...... to be associated with white matter deficits particularly in the fronto-temporal connections. To dissect potential medication effects from myelination deficits related to symptoms, longitudinal studies in initially antipsychotic-naive first-episode patients with schizophrenia are needed....

  1. Otoneurologisk udredning ved akut opstået svimmelhed

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Søren; Ninn-Pedersen, Mirjana; Thomasen, Per Caye

    2011-01-01

    Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, vestibular neuronitis and Menière's disease cause most cases of acute vertigo. However, doctors must consider central neurological reasons to vertigo. If it is determined that a patient has oto-neurological vertigo, the next task is to determine whether...

  2. Infektionsfare ved indtagelse af ubehandlet rå fisk

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Buchmann, Kurt

    2007-01-01

    Der gives en gennemgang af nogle de typer parasitter, som kan forefindes i fiskekød. Desuden fortællles om hvorledes de pågældende orme kan inficere mennesker, hvis kødet indtages råt. Forebyggende tiltag beskrives. Udgivelsesdato: 20. april......Der gives en gennemgang af nogle de typer parasitter, som kan forefindes i fiskekød. Desuden fortællles om hvorledes de pågældende orme kan inficere mennesker, hvis kødet indtages råt. Forebyggende tiltag beskrives. Udgivelsesdato: 20. april...

  3. Terapeutiske vacciner er et nyt behandlingsprincip ved kastrationsresistent prostatacancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Djurhuus, Sissal Sigmundsdóttir; Brasso, Klaus; Berg, Kasper Drimer

    2015-01-01

    drugs in CRPC has led to development of a novel therapeutic approach in CRPC treatment. Therapeutic vaccines activate the immune system to kill prostate cancer cells. This review describes recent pivotal phase 2 and 3 trials of CRPC vaccines and discusses the impact on future CRPC management....

  4. Rekonvalescens efter praeoperativ fysisk traening ved elektiv kirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjaer, Michael; Krogsgaard, Michael R; Magnusson, Peter

    2009-01-01

    Elective surgery is associated with decreased postoperative musculoskeletal function. High aerobic capacity and muscle strength prior to operation is associated with a shorter and more uncomplicated postoperative period. Pre-operative training as intervention has only showed very limited effect...... in relation to abdominal or alloplastic surgery, whereas strength and coordination training prior to operation has been shown to have a beneficial effect on postoperative movement function after reconstructive ligament surgery of the knee. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Sep...

  5. Støtte til egenomsorg ved kronisk sygdom?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vedsted, Peter; Jørgensen, Bjarne Søgaard; Rytter, Lars

    2010-01-01

    Self-management is part of chronic care to ensure an informed and activated patient. We scrutinised systematic literature reviews about self-care in general practice. There were effects on clinical and patient related measures and health services utilisation. Most effect was seen in interventions...

  6. Neuroendokrine forstyrrelser ved anorexia nervosa - primoere eller sekundoere?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Støving, R K; Hansen-Nord, M; Hangaard, J

    1996-01-01

    Anorexia nervosa is associated with multiple endocrine abnormalities. Hypothalamic neuropeptides and monoamines are involved in the regulation of human appetite, and they are changed in several ways in anorexia nervosa. But it remains to be clarified whether these alterations are secondary...... or etiologic. Feeding behaviour in anorexia nervosa is characterised by a strong ambivalence and not by loss of appetite. Hypothalamic amenorrhea is a diagnostic criterion, and is not only secondary as it often precedes the weight loss and persists for a long time after weight and motor activity have returned...... to normal. Hypersecretion of corticotropin releasing hormone seems to be secondary to starvation, but at the same time it may keep up and intensify the anorexia, physical hyperactivity and amenorrhea. Low production of insulinlike growth factor-I and high growth hormone secretion reflects the nutritional...

  7. ALT der er fortalt og ALT vi ved

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Toft, Herdis

    Rapport om en biblioteksforestilling udviklet i et samarbejde mellem Viborg Bibliotekerne og Carte Blanche, Egnsteater i Viborg, støttet af Statens Kunstråds Tværæstetiske Pulje og Kulturstyrelsen. I rapporten redegøres for projektets ide, design, forløb og evaluering. Afsnit omhandler Den poetiske...

  8. Seksuel aktivitet ved iskaemisk hjertesygdom. Risiko og behandlingsmuligheder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mickley, H; Agner, E; Saunamäki, K

    2001-01-01

    create anxiety and lead to avoidance of sexual activity, which can significantly affect quality of life. In patients with a recent acute myocardial infarction the participation in a cardiac rehabilitation program should be strongly encouraged. The results are an improvement in physical capacity and self......A major concern of patients with ischaemic heart disease is whether sexual activity is safe. In addition, patients are often reluctant to discuss sexual problems, including erectile dysfunction. Fear of sexual failure or fear of an acute ischaemic cardiac event as a result of sexual activity may...... or arrhythmias may without concerns take part in an active sexual life. Comprehensive information and appropriate use of pharmacologic agents for erectile dysfunction can add significantly to quality of life. Udgivelsesdato: 2001-Jan-29...

  9. Neuralgisk amyotrofi - en overset diagnose ved akutte skuldersmerter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jürgensen, Louise; Fagerberg, Christina; Kibæk, Maria;

    2016-01-01

    Neuralgic amyotrophy (NA) is characterized by sudden onset of severe pain in the shoulder/upper arm and muscle amyotrophy. Up to 60% of patients with NA are misdiagnosed as having shoulder joint pathology or cervical pathology. We report a case of a 13-year-old girl diagnosed with the hereditary ...

  10. Brug af foetocidium ved sene provokerede aborter i Danmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Anne Vinggaard; Petersson, Birgit

    2012-01-01

    As a result of prenatal screening, the number of late terminations of pregnancy is increasing in Denmark. The fact that the foetus sometimes shows signs of life after the termination is a large concern for health-care staff and parents. In other countries feticide is performed intrauterinely to e...... to ensure that the foetus is dead before the delivery. In Denmark this method is legally used in foetal reduction, but not in late termination of pregnancy. In the light of international literature on the subject, perspectives on feticide in late termination of pregnancy are explored....

  11. Bestemmelse af døgnblodtryksvariationer ved cirrose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, S; Wiinberg, N; Henriksen, Jens Henrik Sahl

    1996-01-01

    Cirrhotic patients have disturbed systemic haemodynamics with reduced arterial blood pressure, but this has not been investigated during daily activity and sleep. Systolic (SBP), diastolic (DBP), and man arterial blood pressure (MAP), and heart rate (HR) were measured by an automatic ambulatory......, but surprisingly normal arterial blood pressure during the night-time, and the circadian variation in blood pressure and HR is diminished probably due to an almost unaltered cardiac output during the 24 hours. These results may reflect a major defect in the ability of optimal regulation of blood pressure...

  12. Bedre prognose af cystinose ved behandling med cysteamin og nyretransplantation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Oczachowska-Kulik, Anna Ewa; Lund, Allan; Skovby, Flemming

    2011-01-01

    Cystinosis is a rare, autosomal recessive disease with cystine deposits in different tissues. First signs come from kidneys and eyes, but during progression of the disease other organs can also be affected. Previously, patients with cystinosis had a very poor prognosis, but it is now considerably...

  13. Miljøundersøgelser ved Kvanefjeldet 2001

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Asmund, G.

    mineindgangen. Malmbunkerne og tippen har ligget urørt siden de blev brudt. Formålet med denne miljøundersøgelse er at undersøge om disse bunker i dag har påviselig effekt på miljøet i Narsaq dalen, i Narsaq Elv og i bugten Narsap Ilua, som er den bugt, hvori elven udmunder efter passage af Kvanefjeldet...

  14. Behandling af epilepsi ved stimulation af nervus vagus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Christian Pilebaek; Sidenius, Per Christian; Gyllenborg, Jesper

    2010-01-01

    Epilepsy is a common neurological disorder, and between one fourth and one third of the patients do not obtain seizure freedom after treatment with antiepileptic drugs. If the epileptic seizures in such patients have severe consequences, the patients should be assessed for epilepsy surgery. In case...... epilepsy surgery is not feasible, vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) should be offered. VNS seems to have an effect in all epilepsy syndromes and seizure types. VNS is generally well-tolerated, and may even improve mood and quality of life. Many more epilepsy patients in Denmark should be offered VNS....

  15. Otoneurologisk udredning ved akut opstået svimmelhed

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Søren; Ninn-Pedersen, Mirjana; Thomasen, Per Caye

    2011-01-01

    Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, vestibular neuronitis and Menière's disease cause most cases of acute vertigo. However, doctors must consider central neurological reasons to vertigo. If it is determined that a patient has oto-neurological vertigo, the next task is to determine whether...... the patient has a peripheral or a central cause of vertigo, if the condition is potentially lethal and if there is a need for acute radiological imaging and/or medical intervention. This review highlights the oto-neurological approach to the dizzy patient with particular focus on the patient's history...

  16. Dosisdispensering som årsag til fejlmedicinering ved sektorovergang

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lysen, Charlotte; Hendriksen, Carsten; Faxholm, Mette Straarup

    2011-01-01

    Multi-dose drug dispensing (MDDD) was introduced in Denmark in 2001 in order to minimize medication errors. In May 2010 44.500 Danish citizens received MDDD. We report two cases where MDDD in the primary sector led to medication errors after hospitalisation, the reason partly being difficulties...

  17. Mikroalbuminuri som praediktor af aterosklerotisk kardiovaskulaer sygdom ved IDDM

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Deckert, T; Yokoyama, H; Mathiesen, E R;

    1997-01-01

    was significantly predictive of vascular disease (hazard ratio (95% confidence interval) 1.06 (1.02-1.18) per 5 mg/24 hours increase in urinary albumin excretion; p = 0.002). The predictive effect was independent of age, sex, blood pressure, tobacco smoking, serum concentrations of total-cholesterol, HDL......-cholesterol, sialic acid, and von Willebrand factor, and of haemoglobin A1c, insulin dose, diabetes duration, and diabetic nephropathy (hazard ratio (95% confidence interval) 1.04 (1.01-1.08) per 5 mg/24 hours increase in urinary albumin excretion; p = 0.03). It is concluded that slightly elevated urinary albumin...... excretion is an independent predictor of atherosclerotic vascular disease in insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus....

  18. Udfordringer ved brug af muskelrelaksantia til forbedring af kirurgiske forhold

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Julin, Sarah Isak; Øberg, Emilie; Gätke, Mona Ring;

    2016-01-01

    Neuromuscular blockade (NMB) may pose a clinical dilemma between surgeons' requirements of muscle relaxation and the risk of residual blockade. This review has aimed at describing the challenges when using NMB for optimizing surgical conditions and reasons for inadequate relaxation despite use...

  19. Udfordringer ved brug af muskelrelaksantia til forbedring af kirurgiske forhold

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Julin, Sarah Isak; Øberg, Emilie; Gätke, Mona Ring;

    2015-01-01

    Neuromuscular blockade (NMB) may pose a clinical dilemma between surgeons' requirements of muscle relaxation and the risk of residual blockade. This review has aimed at describing the challenges when using NMB for optimizing surgical conditions and reasons for inadequate relaxation despite use...

  20. Forstørret nakkefold kan ses ved osteogenesis imperfecta

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schönewolf-Greulich, Bitten; Skibsted, Lillian; Maroun, Lisa Leth

    2011-01-01

    . In the present case, ultrasound scanning at 13 weeks of gestation showed a NT of 3.2 mm and no other pathological findings. At 20 weeks a severe skeletal dysplasia was diagnosed by ultrasound. The pathology report of the aborted foetus indicated OI, and DNA analysis confirmed a COL1A1 mutation....

  1. Ingen registrering af komplikationer til implantater ved gynaekologiske operationer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Helle Christina; Lose, Gunnar; Sander, Pia

    2010-01-01

    In recent years, many new surgical implants (biological and synthetic) for female urinary incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse (POP) surgery have been launched in Denmark. In the literature, complications have been reported in up to 40% of cases depending on the type of operation, 2-5% as serious...

  2. Genetablering af skov på stormfaldsarealer ved naturlig foryngelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brunner, Andreas; Petersen, Flemming Rune

    Naturlig foryngelse som metode til genkultivering efter fladefald har næsten ikke været i brug i Danmark, men undersøgelser og erfaringer fra udlandet viser, at metoden kan bruges de steder, hvor forudsætningerne er til det. Rapporten beskriver et langsigtet forsøg i Sønderjylland, som afprøver n...

  3. Resuscitation og abdominalkirurgiske aspekter ved damage control-kirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hillingsø, Jens G; Svendsen, Lars Bo; Johansson, Pär I

    2011-01-01

    vicious cycle". Due to this a new resuscitation practice has been defined; damage control resuscitation, consisting of hypotensive resuscitation (restricted use of crystalloids), haemostatic resuscitation (balanced use of blood components) in combination with surgical haemostatic procedures (damage...

  4. Postoperativ strålebehandling ved cancer mammae

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Overgaard, Marie; Kvistgaard, Marianne Ewertz; Thomsen, Mette Skovhus

    2007-01-01

    Postoperative radiotherapy (RT) is an important part of the multidisciplinary treatment of early breast cancer. Meta-analyses of large randomized trials of RT after lumpectomy and mastectomy have shown that RT reduces the risk of local recurrence with at least 70% and mortality after 15 years wit...... balance between the risk and benefit of RT based on individual prognostic parameters and technical possibilities. Udgivelsesdato: 2007-Sep-3...

  5. Værdien af arbejdstest ved akut koronart syndrom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mickley, H; Madsen, J K

    2001-01-01

    In general, exercise testing in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) has been used in the assessment of physical capacity and to obtain prognostic information. Within recent years, however, a number of randomized studies have addressed the role of exercise testing in identifying patients, who may benefit....... An invasive strategy is warranted in patients who continue to have angina and exhibit significant ST-segment depression in the exercise-ecg or reversible defects on perfusion scintigraphy. Based on the results of a recent, large scale randomized study, patients with unstable angina or acute non......-Q-wave infarction appear to benefit from an early invasive treatment strategy--regardless of the results of a preceding exercise test. Udgivelsesdato: 2001-Jan-29...

  6. Hvad gør vi ved aborterede fostre?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mathar, Helle

    2011-01-01

    Artiklen behandler det etiske problem, at man på nogle hospitaler er begyndt at begrave aborterede fostre på kirkegårde.......Artiklen behandler det etiske problem, at man på nogle hospitaler er begyndt at begrave aborterede fostre på kirkegårde....

  7. Udredning og behandling af osteoporose ved cancer mammae uden knoglemetastaser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eiken, Pia Agnete; Kristensen, Bent; Langdahl, Bente Lomholt;

    2011-01-01

    The prevention of cancer-treatment-induced bone loss due to chemotherapy and long-term adjuvant breast cancer therapy has a high priority. We present an algorithm for the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis during treatment of nonmetastatic breast cancer....

  8. Kaffe kan være gavnlig ved leversygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjærgaard, Maria; Thiele, Maja; Krag, Aleksander

    2014-01-01

    Coffee is one of the most commonly consumed beverages in the world. Consequently, it is important to consider the impact of coffee on health and disease. A daily intake of at least three cups of coffee is likely to have beneficial health effects, especially in patients at risk of liver diseases....... Coffee has been associated with decreased liver inflammation, prevention of cirrhosis, reduced steatosis and lower incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma. It is not yet possible to make clear recommendations, but coffee can likely be included as part of a healthy diet for patients with liver diseases....

  9. Alvorlige bivirkninger ved p-pillebrug hos teenagere

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nylander, Malin Chatarina; Clausen, Helle V

    2014-01-01

    PubMed-search found studies investigating adverse effects of combined oral contraceptive pills (COC) among teenagers. Four studies found a small negative impact of COC on acquisition of bone mineral density. COC is associated with elevated risk of venous thrombotic events (VTE), especially during...

  10. Glemt DDR-katastrofe viser faren ved transport af kuldioxid

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hedlund, Frank Huess

    2013-01-01

    Transport af CO2 i rørledninger er aktuelt i forbindelse med olieudvinding og kampen mod CO2-udledning. Men det er ikke ufarligt.......Transport af CO2 i rørledninger er aktuelt i forbindelse med olieudvinding og kampen mod CO2-udledning. Men det er ikke ufarligt....

  11. Påvirkninger ved interne fejl i elektriske maskiner

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johnsen, Kim; Pedersen, Kenneth; Henriksen, Mogens

    Det grundlæggende princip for de i arbejdet opstillede modeller (transformer, synkron- og asynkronmaskinen) er, at de kan opstilles som dels en topologisk netværksmodel, der reflekterer den fysiske udformning af maskinen, og en impedansmodel, som udgør de primitive elementer i modellen. Det har v...

  12. Dosisdispensering er en kilde til medicineringsfejl ved sektorskift

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Reuther, Lene Orskov; Lysen, Charlotte; Faxholm, Mette

    2011-01-01

    Multi-dose drug dispensing (MDDD) signifies that the patient's medicine is packed in disposable bags corresponding to the dose that should be taken. The purpose of the present study was to investigate how a hospital MDDD instruction was followed....

  13. Rutinemaessig endoskopisk retrograd kolangiopankreatikografi kan ikke anbefales ved galdestenspankreatitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ainsworth, Alan Patrick; Svendsen, Lars Bo

    2009-01-01

    Danish guidelines recommend that patients with presumed severe gallstone-induced acute pancreatitis (GAP) should receive endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) within 72 hours. The results of a newly performed meta-analysis show that acute ERCP in patients with GAP does not reduce...

  14. Hungry bone-syndrom ved vitamin D-mangel

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Chehaiber, Mohamad M; Jensen, Jens-Erik Beck

    2009-01-01

    An 85-year-old woman was admitted after being bedridden for six months with muscular weakness and diarrhoea. Vitamin 25-OH-D, serum calcium, magnesium and phosphate were low, and parathyroid hormone as well as alkaline phosphatase were increased. Dual x-ray absorption scan showed reduced bone...... mineral density. The patient was treated with calcium, magnesium and vitamin D, initially intravenously and subsequently as tablets. Clinically the patient's condition slowly normalized. Remineralization of the skeleton resulted in consistent hypocalcaemia for more than nine months. Udgivelsesdato: 2009...

  15. HELLP kan ses i andet trimester ved antifosfolipidsyndrom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Bjørn Stæhr; Havelund, Troels

    2011-01-01

    The syndrome of haemolysis, elevated liver enzymes and low platelets (HELLP) is estimated to occur in 0.01-0.2% of pregnancies and is considered a severe form of preeclampsia. It is associated with considerable risk of maternal and foetal mortality. HELLP syndrome associated with antiphospholipid...... syndrome is known to occur early in the pregnancy. We report a case of severe HELLP syndrome complicated by multiple hepatic infarctions and portal vein thrombosis in the second trimester in a patient with antiphospholipid syndrome....

  16. Praediktorer for kroniske følger ved whiplashtraume

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kasch, Helge; Kongsted, Alice; Carstensen, Tina Birgitte

    2010-01-01

    Prognostic factors for chronic whiplash-associated disorder (WAD) are identified. In WAD grade I-III, 50% report neck pain after one year (30% in background population). There is a female preponderance among WAD cases. 10% develop a work disability, but no gender differences are found. Age, crash...... issues, magnetic resonance imaging of the neck and smooth-pursuit-neck-torsion-test are of no prognostic value. While reduced active neck mobility is associated with a 4.6 times raised risk for work disability after one year, the impact-of-event score yielded an increase in OR of 3.3, and intense pre-injury...

  17. Varmebesparelser ved løbende bygningsrenovering frem til 2050

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wittchen, Kim Bjarne; Kragh, Jesper

    Som noget relativt nyt er der i bygningsreglementet indført krav til efterisolering af bygningsdele i forbindelse med den løbende renovering, som fx udskiftning af en tagbelægning. Hvor meget påvirker det netto-varmeforbruget frem til 2050, hvis der fortsættes med de gældende regler, og hvilken e...

  18. Nye prognostiske markører ved kolorektal cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Hans Jørgen; Brünner, N A; Thorlacius-Ussing, O

    1998-01-01

    The majority of patients diagnosed as having colorectal cancer do not survive five years, although 70%-80% undergo curative surgery. Only a minority of the patients receive additional adjuvant chemo-, radio- and/or immunotherapy, which has proven its efficiency in a minor part of patients...... with Dukes C disease. Therefore, adjuvant therapy has only an insignificant impact on overall survival improvement. The present treatment of patients with colorectal cancer is far from sufficient, and this has led to considerations of how to optimize both surgical and adjuvant medical treatment strategy...... biological markers of development, growth and dissemination of colorectal cancer can be used to predict prognosis either alone or in various combinations, and as selection markers to discriminate between patients who only need surgery and patients who may need adjuvant treatment. Udgivelsesdato: 1998-Aug-3...

  19. Manglende kollaps af hjertets kamre ved ekkokardiografi udelukker ikke hjertetamponade

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Juhl-Olsen, Peter; Frederiksen, Christina Alcaraz; Sloth, Erik

    2014-01-01

    The clinical presentation of cardiac tamponade is difficult to distinguish from other causes of shock. Pericardial fluid is easy to visualize with cardiac ultrasound and a key sign of overt cardiac tamponade is the compression of right side cavities. We present two cases in which cardiac tamponade...... was present, but where compression of cardiac cavities could not be demon-strated with transthoracic cardiac ultrasound. This emphasizes that cardiac tamponade is still a clinical diagnosis....

  20. Cerebral sinustrombose ved Behçets sygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schytz, Henrik Winther; Wegener, Marianne; Lassen, Lisbeth Landschoff

    2012-01-01

    ). We present a case of a 32 year-old Lebanese woman with severe headache and papilloedema due to a cerebral venous thrombosis and secondary intracranial hypertension. During follow-up she was diagnosed with bilateral uveitis and a history of recidivating oral and genital ulcerations was disclosed. BD...... with CNS affection is an important diagnosis to keep in mind in case of cerebral venous thrombosis....

  1. Strategier ved udredning af malassimilation. En kritisk status

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rumessen, J J

    1997-01-01

    This review reevaluates the rational basis for choice of diagnostic strategies in patients with suspected malassimilation. Prospective evaluation of diagnostic tests must fulfil several requirements for a correct assessment of their clinical value. Very few studies meet such requirements, resulting...... on tolerance tests, combined with blood tests or breath tests (hydrogen excretion). The latter is considered the most reliable, but the available evidence for choice of tests is not solid. Similar reservations apply to conditions of bacterial overgrowth of the small intestine, which may lead to diffuse...... flawed in design, however, and permeability tests may also eventually find their place in the test battery. There is thus a strong need for more evidence-based diagnostic strategies in patients with suspected malassimilation....

  2. Kulturel marginaliserng - social deltagelse, eksemplificeret ved mennesker med en sindslidelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johannsen, Gundi Schrötter

    2002-01-01

    the possibilities for different communities' possibilities of changing the marginalization process and thereby insure a more socially equal participation. In the thesis the perspective of marginalization is viewed as culturally determined as opposed to being determined by a construction of opinion. The formation...... and a discourseanalytical approach to five different communities. The common factor for the communities is the fact, that they stand out as seminal communities for people with mental dsisorders. The communities are analyzed from both a vertical dimension, to find the specific characteristics, and from a horizontal...

  3. Anaestesimonitorering ved magnetisk resonans undersøgelser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Garde, K; Sørensen, M B; Boelt, P

    1992-01-01

    render possible investigation of unconscious or anaesthetized patients in scanners with magnetic fields of over 1.5 Tesla. The medical technical difficulties involved are mentioned and the solutions which are employed in the Danish scientific Centre for Magnetic Resonance in Hvidovre Hospital...

  4. Training by means of simulators; Opplaering ved bruk av simulator

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hansen, Hans Petter

    1998-07-01

    This presentation claims that the offshore industry has enough technology and equipment, it does not lack money, if the projects are good enough, and it does not lack new challenging tasks. The challenge is to provide the skill required to accomplish the tasks and to make the personnel, technology and the organisation work together. Thus, tomorrow's winners on the shelf will be those who commit themselves to education and learning. Simulators have been used extensively by the airline companies. This is not the case for the operation of drilling rigs at sea. Some entrepreneurs have begun to realise that simulator training is the modern way of approaching new technology. Operators have been using simulators for many years in offshore process training. The development of software and audio-visual tools brings the student closer to reality by simulation. In cooperation with Maritime Hydraulic, Smedvig Offshore AS developed a Ram Rig simulator. This presentation discusses Version 1 of the RamRig Simulator in some detail and some issues to be incorporated into the next version.

  5. Intra- og interobservatøroverensstemmelse ved gennemsyn af kapselendoskopifilm

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Laursen, Emilie Lund; Ersbøll, Annette Kjaer; Rasmussen, Anne Mette Odgaard;

    2009-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: It is unclear which professional groups can and should perform reviews of capsule endoscopy (CE) exams of the GI tract. We investigate whether a junior doctor or an endoscopy nurse can review CE films with the same diagnostic results as a specialist. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An endoscopy...... nurse and a junior doctor, both with no CE experience, reviewed 30 CE films twice and noted their findings. A distinction was made between clinically important and non-important findings. An endoscopy specialist and the Given Imaging Review Service reviewed the films once each, and their findings were...... used as the study's gold standard. Time consumption, intra- and interobserver agreement, sensitivity and specificity were assessed. RESULTS: The junior doctor improved in speed from 1st to 2nd review, but the nurse did not. Both performed poorly compared with Given Imaging Review Service regarding...

  6. Lovende resultater ved konservativ behandling med dynamisk mobilisering efter akillesseneruptur

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tengberg, Peter Toft; Barfod, Kristoffer Weisskirchner; Krasheninnikoff, Michael

    2011-01-01

    There is no consensus regarding the optimal treatment of acute Achilles tendon ruptures. This review of the literature on the subject shows a significantly higher rate of reruptures (RR) in the conservatively treated group compared to the surgically treated group when the foot is immobilised...

  7. PET-skanning ved malignt melanom og positiv sentinel node

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Horn, Janne; Sjøstrand, Helle; Lock-Andersen, Jørgen;

    2010-01-01

    To illuminate the value of using positron emission tomography (PET) scan as a clinical routine screening procedure for detecting subclinical metastases in melanoma patients with positive sentinel node biopsy, we carried out a retrospective study which included a total of 80 patients.......To illuminate the value of using positron emission tomography (PET) scan as a clinical routine screening procedure for detecting subclinical metastases in melanoma patients with positive sentinel node biopsy, we carried out a retrospective study which included a total of 80 patients....

  8. Eurokrisen forlænget ved en fejl

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Enrum, Nils

    2012-01-01

    De ledende organisationer har taget fejl i deres økonomiske anbefalinger gennem hele eurokrisen. Det erkender IMF nu. Spørgsmålet er dog, om det får nogen indflydelse på den fremtidige kurs, hvor EU-landene synes hvirvlet ind i et fælles ’race to the bottom’......De ledende organisationer har taget fejl i deres økonomiske anbefalinger gennem hele eurokrisen. Det erkender IMF nu. Spørgsmålet er dog, om det får nogen indflydelse på den fremtidige kurs, hvor EU-landene synes hvirvlet ind i et fælles ’race to the bottom’...

  9. Helbredsrelateret livskvalitet ved reumatoid artritis. Hvilke faktorer spiller ind?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Linde, Louise; Sørensen, Jan; Østergaard, Mikkel

    2008-01-01

    Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disease causing joint pain, loss of function and decreased health-related quality of life (HRQoL). HRQoL in RA patients is associated with several risk factors; in this paper the evidence relating to the most important risk factors is reviewed. ...

  10. Horners syndrom ved hypofyseapopleksi er sjælden

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elmgreen, Søren Bruno

    2013-01-01

    Pituitær apopleksi er en sjælden og potentielt livstruende tilstand forårsaget af blødning eller infarcering i hypofysen. Pituitær apopleksi kan være første tegn på hypofysetumorer, og klassiske symptomer er tordenskraldshovedpine, synstab og oftalmoplegi - hertil kommer varierende grader af hypo...

  11. Myokardieskintigrafi. Praecis og omkostningseffektiv billeddiagnostik ved koronarsygdom--sekundaerpublikation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hesse, B.; Petersen, C.L.; Marcassa, C.

    2008-01-01

    Mortality rates due to coronary arterial disease (CAD) have declined as result of improved prevention, diagnosis and management, but CAD remains the leading cause of death. Myocardial perfusion scintigraphy (MPS) provides a cost-effective tool for early detection of CAD in symptomatic individuals...

  12. Validitet af kodning og indberetning ved vaginal prolapskirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ottesen, Marianne

    2009-01-01

    -level. However, the validity of such register data is affected by the risk of errors when drawing such data, and by coding errors. The main problems are lack of consensus on which codes to use, and that codes for very different procedures are very much alike. To improve the quality and usefulness of register......INTRODUCTION: To validate the coding and local registration of vaginal prolapse surgery in 1996-1998, and reporting of such data to the Danish National Patient registry (LPR). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Comparison of different sets of data from the local data base (GS) and LPR, and retrospective study...... of 296 patient files. RESULTS: The concordance between two GS-data sets was 96.4%, and 0-100% between different LPR-data sets. The validity of reporting of data from GS to LPR was 96.2% on the level of patient ID (cpr), and 99.3% concerning length of hospital stay. If a procedure was registered...

  13. Apoptose ved kronisk inflammatorisk tarmsygdom. Betydning for patogenese og behandling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Seidelin, Jakob Benedict; Nielsen, Ole Haagen

    2003-01-01

    Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is characterized by the increased survival of lamina propria leucocytes and ulcerations and an increased epithelial leakiness that compromise the barrier function of the epithelial lining. Deregulated apoptosis seems to be a major cause of the impaired barrier fun...

  14. Miljøundersøgelser ved Kvanefjeldet 2001

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Asmund, G.

    jordarter' (La Ce Pr Nd Sm Eu Gd Tb Dy Ho Er Tm Yb Lu) Af de mange grundstoffer, der er undersøgt er det kun 'Sjældne jordarter', zirkonium, niobium og thorium, der viser forhøjelser i forhold til baggrundsværdier og samtidigt er stærkt forhøjede i det vand, der siver ud fra minen. Imidlertid fandtes denne...

  15. Danskernes seksualliv belyst ved befolkningsundersøgelser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eplov, Lene Falgaard; Garde, Karin; Køster, Anne

    2002-01-01

    The sexual life is multitudinous and sexual dysfunctions should be interpreted in this complexity. Broader descriptive sexological studies based on normal populations are thus of relevance in medical science. The aim of this review was to describe existing Danish studies on sexuality in normal po...

  16. Terapeutiske konsekvenser ved lungeskintigrafi med intermediaer sandsynlighed for lungeemboli

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Marmolin, Ea Sofie; Møller, Louise; Johansen, Allan

    2009-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Pulmonary embolism has a high mortality and is difficult to diagnose. Lung scintigraphy is widely used. However, a significant number of patients receive an inconclusive result. The aim of this study was to determine how patients with an intermediate result were handled. MATERIAL...... AND METHODS: Case notes from 321 (77%) of a total of 416 consecutive patients who underwent lung scintigraphy at Odense University Hospital in 2004 were examined retrospectively. RESULTS: We found 98 (30%) patients with an intermediate probability of pulmonary embolism, among whom 14 (14%) underwent further...... investigation, 28 (29%) received treatment, and in 29 (30%) cases, the result was interpreted as negative for pulmonary embolism. We found no significant difference in demographic data or results of investigations performed before the scintigraphy between those who received treatment and those who did not, nor...

  17. Neisseria meningitidis. Lipopolysakkariders patofysiologiske rolle ved meningokoksygdom og septisk shock

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Mie Østergaard; Pedersen, Dan Sonne; Pedersen, Michael

    2008-01-01

    A major pro-inflammatory and toxic component of N. meningitidis is lipopolysaccharide (LPS). LPS contributes to severe symptoms of meningococcal disease, septic shock and severe coagulopathy, in part by increasing pro-inflammatory mechanisms and reactive oxygen species. Recent technologies have...

  18. Beregnbarhet og implementasjon : - aspekter ved funksjonelle språk

    OpenAIRE

    Hanssen, Arne

    2008-01-01

    In this master thesis we investigate lambda calculus and the theory of combinatory logic. Two computational models strongly related to functional programming languages. The lambda calculus is a theoretical foundation and a framework for describing functions and their evaluation. The theory of combinatory logic can be viewed a theory of computation based on a notation that eliminates the need for variables in applications. We also study Lisp, the SECD-machine and graph reduction, highlighting ...

  19. Bivirkninger ved N-acetylcystein-behandling af paracetamolforgiftede patienter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schmidt, L E; Dalhoff, K P

    1999-01-01

    the full course of NAC. In all cases the recommended treatment with antihistamine or steroids against adverse effects was administered. We conclude that treatment with NAC is safe. Accordingly we find no reason to change the recommendation for treatment of paracetamol intoxication in Denmark....

  20. Noninvasiv vurdering af fibrose ved kronisk viral hepatitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Risum, Malene; Barfod, Toke Seierøe; Lindhardt, Bjarne Orskov

    2013-01-01

    In chronic viral hepatitis the liver biopsy helps the clinician to decide when to start treatment and plan follow-up. However, the execution of a liver biopsy is associated with discomfort, and sampling error can lead to misinterpretation. Serum markers and transient elastography (TE) are being...

  1. Anæstesiologiske aspekter ved damage control-kirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Steinmetz, Jacob

    2011-01-01

    Patients with severe traumatic injuries occasionally undergo damage control surgery. This paper highlights some of the perioperative anaesthesiological considerations. Although damage control is often used as a surgical term, it is crucial that personnel involved in the parallel resuscitation of ...

  2. Hyperbaric oxygen treatment in radiation reactions; Hyperbar oksygenbehandling ved straalereaksjoner

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aanderud, Leif; Thorsen, Einar; Bratteboe, Guttorm; Forland, Martha; Kristensen, Gunnar

    2000-07-01

    Background: A national hyperbaric centre was established in 1994 at Haukeland Hospital with responsibility of all hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) treatment in Norway. In hypoxic tissues with symptomatic radiation reactions, hyperbaric oxygen induces the formation of collagen and angiogenesis resulting in permanently improved local microcirculation. Material and method: 234 patients received elective HBO treatment at Haukeland Hospital in 12997 with total of 4048 treatments. All 47 patients treated for radiation reactions in the pelvic area in 1997 received a questionnaire 3-15 months after HBO therapy, 81% reported. Results: Rectal bleeding and haematuria were reported as much improved in 61% and 55% respectively, while bladder incontinence was much improved in 46%. Interpretation: this treatment modality may be an alternative in symptomatic radiation reactions at the urinary bladder and the bowel when conventional treatment has given unsatisfactory results.

  3. Otoneurologisk udredning ved akut opstået svimmelhed

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Søren; Ninn-Pedersen, Mirjana; Thomasen, Per Caye

    2011-01-01

    the patient has a peripheral or a central cause of vertigo, if the condition is potentially lethal and if there is a need for acute radiological imaging and/or medical intervention. This review highlights the oto-neurological approach to the dizzy patient with particular focus on the patient's history...

  4. Kirurgisk behandling af anale fistler ved Crohns sygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Heyckendorff-Diebold, Tina; Maeda, Yasuko; Buntzen, Steen;

    2012-01-01

    The treatment of transsphincteric anal fistulas in Crohn's disease is a balance between the elimination of the sepsis and the functional outcome. Loose setons can be used as a preoperative drainage or chronic treatment. Fibrin glue and the anal fistula plug are methods with excellent functional...... outcomes, but the success rate varies. The endorectal advancement flap is considered to be the gold standard. Ligation of the intersphincteric fistula tract is promising. Proctectomy or proctocolectomy in combination with transposition flaps may be necessary. A success rate of 66-70% has been reported....

  5. Prognostiske markører for vaegttab ved adipositasbehandling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Astrup, A V; Buemann, B; Gluud, C N;

    1996-01-01

    The aim of the study was to identify prognostic metabolic markers for long-term weight loss outcome in obese women. Forty female obese patients underwent a dietary intervention of 36 weeks treatment with a 4.2 MJ/d low-fat high carbohydrate diet and were followed-up two and a half years after...

  6. Ingeniørenes rolle ved skabelse af innovative koncepter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    McAloone, Tim C.

    2007-01-01

    første bølge af miljøhensyn kom med energikrisen i 1970'erne og ebbede ud, da oliepriserne faldt igen. Miljøbølge nummer to udvidede vore horisonter til begrebet bæredygtighed, hvor den treenige overvejelse ”people-profit-planet” forplantede sig i strategiovervejelserne og årsrapporter verden over. Men...

  7. Anvendelse af monoaminooksidasehæmmeren isocarboxazid ved behandlingsresistent depression

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Jens Knud; Krogh-Nielsen, Lene; Brøsen, Kim

    2015-01-01

    The antidepressant efficacy of isocarboxazide is well established; however, the clinical use early became restricted and today the use of isocarboxazide in Denmark is very limited. Isocarboxazide is safe when keeping a low tyramine-containing diet and avoiding concomitant treatment with certain...... drugs. The risk of developing oedema can be reduced by vitamin B6 treatment. Normal dosage isocarboxazide may be prescribed for all patients because isocarboxazide is not metabolized through the CYP2D6 enzyme complex like most other antidepressants. It is recommended to include isocarboxazide...... in the official treatment algorithms for patients who are resistant to conventional antidepressant therapy and electroconvulsive therapy....

  8. Effekt af kompenserende strategier rettet mod kognitive deficits ved skizofreni

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Jens Peter; Hounsgaard, Lise; Jensen, Birte Østergaard

    skizofreni med negativ indflydelse på patienternes sociale funktioner idet de har vanskeligheder med at gennemføre rehabiliteringsprogrammer, opøve arbejdsevner og klare daglig livsførelse. Indlæring af kompenserende strategier med Cognitive Adaptation Training (CAT) har vist lovende effekt på patienternes...

  9. Kognitive forstyrrelser ved depression - betydning for behandling og prognose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ravnkilde, Barbara; Bruun, Louise Meldgaard; Videbech, Poul

    2007-01-01

    Depression is often accompanied by cognitive disturbances, and by focusing on these deficits practitioners can obtain important information about the status of the disease and the prognosis of the patient. From this perspective, patients may also gain useful insight into their own condition. Medi....... Medical and psychological treatment interventions can be applied on different levels particularly in relation to the cognitive symptoms of depression. Udgivelsesdato: 2007-Apr-16......Depression is often accompanied by cognitive disturbances, and by focusing on these deficits practitioners can obtain important information about the status of the disease and the prognosis of the patient. From this perspective, patients may also gain useful insight into their own condition...

  10. Selektive utfordringer ved assistert befruktning for personer med Klinefelter syndrom

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bjørn Hofmann

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available Ny bioteknologi gir nye muligheter som har vist seg å være moralsk utfordrende. Det gjelder særlig innenfor menneskelig reproduksjon, der denne teknologien er spesielt potent. Med virkeliggjøringen av antikkens drøm om å kunne påvirke fremtidige barns egenskaper følger en rekke vanskelige valg. I analysen av og debatten om slike valg har man forsøkt å skille mellom tilvalg og fravalg med hensyn på bestemte egenskaper. Ett konkret eksempel er hvorvidt personer med Klinefelter syndrom skal tilbys assistert befruktning, og det illustrerer at slike skiller kanskje ikke er så dekkende eller viktige for den etiske debatten som man kan få inntrykk av. Andre grunnleggende problemstillinger synes vel så påtrengende. Det betyr ikke at vi må forkaste seleksjonsmodellen. Eksemplet med Klinefelter syndrom stimulerer derimot til å revidere og utvikle den, og det gir føringer for hvordan modellen kan nyanseres og anvendes ut over skillet mellom tilvalg og fravalg. Denne revisjonen kan redusere seleksjonsproblematikkens polemiske kraft, men kanskje også øke dens anvendelse for etikk i praksis.http://dx.doi.org/10.5324/eip.v2i1.1690

  11. Udstederens håndtering af intern viden ved generalforsamlinger

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Hanne Råe; Hansen, Jesper Lau

    2011-01-01

    En analyse af de selskabs- og børsretlige regler, hvor viden, der kan kvalificeres som intern viden, afgives på eller i tilknytning til en generalforsamling.......En analyse af de selskabs- og børsretlige regler, hvor viden, der kan kvalificeres som intern viden, afgives på eller i tilknytning til en generalforsamling....

  12. Utilstraekkelig dokumentation af dødelighed ved krig

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Buhmann, Caecilie Böck; Nielsen, Karoline Kragelund

    2010-01-01

    effort in various disciplines like humanitarian actors, demographers and forensic anthropologists to cooperate, and efforts are being made to make data collection more systematic and valid. However, there are political, methodological and security-related challenges that must be overcome. Udgivelsesdato...

  13. Sygeplejestuderendes omsorgsforudsætninger ved studiestart i 2002

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vedsegaard, Helle Wendner; Rask Eriksen, Tine; Pedersen, Marianne Krogsgaard

    2008-01-01

    deeper insight into gender-related work-, domination- and relationship conditions within their families. A similar study of student nurses was carried out in 1987. In the constructed material from 2002, certain general and gender-specific care experiences were observed, which were not related to social......The object of the article is to describe the life-history-related care prerequisites of student nurses. The social-scientific study looks at students starting their professional bachelor training in 2002. The methods are based on mapping the population by means of a questionnaire which provides...... data about students' life histories. Additionally, nine selected students were interviewed to provide deeper insight into gender-related work-, domination- and relationship conditions within their families. A similar study of student nurses was carried out in 1987. In the constructed material from 2002...

  14. Nyrepåvirkning ved behandling af hjertesvigt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Zhiying Zhang; Barfod, Toke; Klit, Jakob

    2009-01-01

    The case of a 66-year-old male with heart failure and cardiorenal syndrome is presented. The patient had normal renal function before intensive treatment with diuretics and ACE inhibitor. Shortly after the ACE inhibitor was stopped and diuretics were either stopped or reduced in dosage, his renal...

  15. Arbejdsmiljøet ved udbud af renovationsarbejde

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Busck, Ole Gunni

    Forfatteren gennemførte 2003-2005 en undersøgelse for Branchearbejdsmiljådet for transport af danske kommuners praksis i forbindelse med udbud og udlicitering af renovationsopgaver. Formålet var at kortlægge og analysere erfaringerne med varetagelse af arbejdsmiljøhensyn i kommunernes udbud og dr...

  16. Iltbehandling ved akut eksacerbation af kronisk obstruktiv lungesygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ringbaek, Thomas; Lange, Peter; Mogensen, Torben;

    2008-01-01

    Acute exacerbation of COPD is a major cause of hospitalisation in Denmark. Most of the patients require supplemental oxygen in the acute phase and some patients continue oxygen therapy at home after discharge. In this paper we discuss the physiological mechanisms of respiratory failure seen in ac...... in acute exacerbations of COPD. The principles for oxygen therapy in the acute phase are described and recommendations for oxygen therapy are suggested....

  17. Ved smerter i underlivet er deskvamativ inflammatoriskvaginitis en vigtig differentialdiagnose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johannsen, Eva; Baumgartner-Nielsen, Jane; Meinert, Mette

    2015-01-01

    Desquamative inflammatory vaginitis (DIV) is an uncommon, severe form of chronic vaginitis of unknown aetiology. The syndrome is characterised by profuse vaginal discharge, vulvovaginal irritation, dyspareunia and vaginal erythema. As the symptoms and signs are nonspecific, other causes of purulent...

  18. Laboratory diagnosis of multiple sclerosis. Laboratoriediagnostikk ved multippel sklerose

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sand, T.; Stovner, L.J.; Rinck, P.A.; Nilsen, G.; Romslo, I. (University and Regional Hospital, Trondheim (Norway))

    1991-08-01

    In 26 patients with multiple sclerosis 100% responded abnormally to magnetic resonance imaging of the brain. Lesions in the posterior fossa were observed in 18 patients. The auditory brain stem response was abnormal in 15 patients, and 22 had abnormal immunoglobulins in the cerebrospinal fluid. The correlation between abnormalities of the auditory brain stem response and the magnetic resonance images was greatest in a subgroup where the two investigations were performed within a ten day interval. Results from magnetic resonance imaging, evoked potentials and cerebrospinal fluid investigations were used to reclassify 13 of 15 patients with clinically ''possible'' or ''probable''multiple sclerosis to a higher level using Poser's criteria. Evoked potentials (the auditory brain stem response in particular) correlated best with clinical multiple sclerosis category. The authors recommend that the magnetic resonance imaging is established as a first-hand investigation in evaluation of multiple sclerosis. Evoked potentials and cerebrospinal fluid investigations may prove to be more specific, however, and these investigations should also be performed as a routine. 23 refs., 2 figs., 2 tabs.

  19. Fatalt forløb ved in vitro-fertilisation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Martin Kryspin; Møller-Sørensen, Hasse; Svane, Christian;

    2010-01-01

    Chylomicronaemia syndrome is a rare disorder primarily caused by a genetic defect which increases triglycerides, combined with a secondary inducing factor. We describe the fatal course of a 33-year-old, pregnant woman with known dyslipidaemia who had been treated with in vitro fertilisation...... and developed chylomicronaemia syndrome with severe hypertriglyceridaemia, hypertriglyceridaemia-induced acute pancreatitis and septic shock. Appropriate treatment including close monitoring, severe restriction of dietary fat intake and early plasmapheresis is emphasized - especially during pregnancy....

  20. Erythropoietin--en ny terapi ved cerebral iskaemi?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kalialis, Louise Vennegaard; Olsen, Niels Vidiendal

    2003-01-01

    Erythropoietin (EPO) is a cytokine which is commonly associated with its central role in erythropoiesis. The clinical applications of the recombinant hormone are currently restricted to the treatment of anemia in renal failure and cancer. Recent studies, however, have suggested a new role for EPO...

  1. Reduktion af metanemissionen fra Klintholm losseplads ved etablering af biocover

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Rasmus Broen; Scheutz, Charlotte; Kjeldsen, Peter

    Rapporten omhandler etableringen og funktionen af et biocover på deponietape 0 på lossepladsen Klintholm I/S. Biocoveret blev etableret som en del af et samlet projekt for slutafdækning og gashåndtering. Projektets hovedformål var at nedsætte deponietapens metanemission med en faktor 10. Virkning....... Virkningsgraden blev dokumenteret vha. sporstofmålinger af deponiets samlede metanemission før, under og efter etableringen af biocoveret. Emissionen faldt fra 8,3 kg/t til 1,2 kg/t svarende til en reduktion på ca. 86 %....

  2. Sikker forløsning ved underkropspraesentation til terminen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krebs, Lone

    2011-01-01

    It is well-documented from descriptive studies and a large randomized and controlled trial that planned vaginal delivery of term breech infants is associated with a risk of perinatal mortality and morbidity. However, in a modern setting with careful case selection and labour management, complicat...

  3. Sykdomsutvikling og behandlingsstrategier ved våt AMD.

    OpenAIRE

    Brynstad, Lydia

    2013-01-01

    Abstract: Age-related macular degeneration is a leading cause of severe visual loss and reading disability in the population >60 years of age. The incidence is high and increasing as the elderly population expands. The pathogenesis is multifactorial, and the disease affects the retina, retinal pigment epithelium (RPE), Bruchs membrane and choriocapillaries. There are two different types, or stages, of AMD: dry (atrophic) and wet (neovascular) form of AMD. About 80 % of the patients affected b...

  4. Neuroendokrine forstyrrelser ved anorexia nervosa - primoere eller sekundoere?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Støving, R K; Hansen-Nord, M; Hangaard, J

    1996-01-01

    Anorexia nervosa is associated with multiple endocrine abnormalities. Hypothalamic neuropeptides and monoamines are involved in the regulation of human appetite, and they are changed in several ways in anorexia nervosa. But it remains to be clarified whether these alterations are secondary...... or etiologic. Feeding behaviour in anorexia nervosa is characterised by a strong ambivalence and not by loss of appetite. Hypothalamic amenorrhea is a diagnostic criterion, and is not only secondary as it often precedes the weight loss and persists for a long time after weight and motor activity have returned...... to normal. Hypersecretion of corticotropin releasing hormone seems to be secondary to starvation, but at the same time it may keep up and intensify the anorexia, physical hyperactivity and amenorrhea. Low production of insulinlike growth factor-I and high growth hormone secretion reflects the nutritional...

  5. Udredning og behandling af osteoporose ved cancer mammae uden knoglemetastaser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eiken, Pia A; Hansen, Mogens; Kristensen, Bent;

    2011-01-01

    The prevention of cancer-treatment-induced bone loss due to chemotherapy and long-term adjuvant breast cancer therapy has a high priority. We present an algorithm for the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis during treatment of nonmetastatic breast cancer.......The prevention of cancer-treatment-induced bone loss due to chemotherapy and long-term adjuvant breast cancer therapy has a high priority. We present an algorithm for the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis during treatment of nonmetastatic breast cancer....

  6. Økonomiske konsekvenser ved accelererede knaealloplastikforløb

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Signe Høngaard; Husted, Henrik; Kehlet, Henrik

    2009-01-01

    AND METHODS: The cost data were collected retrospectively for 2006 for one department with accelerated pathways in TKA with a separate arthroplastic section, one department with more conventional pathways where the TKA patients were admitted together with acute patients and one department with conventional...... pathways with only elective orthopaedic surgery. We compared readmissions and the use of secondary services in the primary health sector within three months after discharge. RESULTS: Patient characteristics were comparable in the three departments, but the length of stay was significantly different (4...

  7. Laktatacidose ved behandling af type 2-diabetes med metformin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holst, Helle; Eldrup, Ebbe; Guldstad, Nana Harriet;

    2012-01-01

    Metformin (MET) is the first-line agent in treatment of type 2 diabetes. However, MET has been associated with lactic acidosis (MALA), a potential but rare complication which has influenced treatment strategies in decades. Recently, guidelines have been changed in regards of age and heart failure...

  8. Antitrombotisk behandling ved iskaemisk apopleksi og transitorisk cerebral iskaemi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Overgaard, Karsten; Poulsen, Tina Svenstrup; Husted, Steen E

    2007-01-01

    includes anticoagulation in patients with cardioembolic stroke and antiplatelet agents aspirin possibly combined with dipyridamole or clopidogrel alone in patients with non-cardioembolic stroke. Other individual risks may modify this treatment regimen. Udgivelsesdato: 2007-Oct-1......In acute ischemic stroke and transient ischemic attack (TIA), aspirin is recommended to all patients (except immediately following thrombolysis). Heparin and anticoagulant therapy using vitamin K antagonists should be avoided in the acute phase. Secondary preventive antithrombotic treatment...

  9. Cancer kan være differentialdiagnose ved psykiatriske symptomer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eibye, Simone; Speyer, Helene; Benros, Michael Eriksen

    2015-01-01

    We present a patient with psychiatric symptoms as the first manifestation from an undetected brain tumor. The patient had symptoms of psychosis and a prior history with depression. A slight alteration in consciousness was found but no neurological deficits. Blood tests showed increased infection...

  10. Påvirkninger ved interne fejl i elektriske maskiner

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johnsen, Kim; Pedersen, Kenneth; Henriksen, Mogens;

    former som solenoider, og relativt simpelt kan disse bringes til at repræsentere de enkelte maskiner. Projekt er blevet støttet med en bevilling ligeligt fordelt mellem Elkraft System (nu Energinet.dk) og Energi E2 A/S. Projektet har ligeledes modtaget en støtte fra Tuborg-fondet til indkøb af...

  11. Medarbejdernes retsstilling ved grænseoverskridende overtagelse og fusion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Lone L.

    Bogen, der er en publiceret ph.d.-afhandling, analyserer en række komplekse spørgsmål om medarbejdernes retsstilling, når den virksomhed, de arbejder i, overtages af en udenlandsk virksomhed gennem majoritetsovertagelse, virksomhedsoverdragelse, fusion eller spaltning. Afhandlingen behandler over...

  12. Sygeplejestuderendes omsorgsforudsætninger ved studiestart i 2002

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vedsegaard, Helle Wendner; Rask Eriksen, Tine; Pedersen, Marianne Krogsgaard

    2008-01-01

    data about students' life histories. Additionally, nine selected students were interviewed to provide deeper insight into gender-related work-, domination- and relationship conditions within their families. A similar study of student nurses was carried out in 1987. In the constructed material from 2002...... deeper insight into gender-related work-, domination- and relationship conditions within their families. A similar study of student nurses was carried out in 1987. In the constructed material from 2002, certain general and gender-specific care experiences were observed, which were not related to social......The object of the article is to describe the life-history-related care prerequisites of student nurses. The social-scientific study looks at students starting their professional bachelor training in 2002. The methods are based on mapping the population by means of a questionnaire which provides...

  13. Ingen registrering af komplikationer til implantater ved gynaekologiske operationer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Helle Christina; Lose, Gunnar; Sander, Pia;

    2010-01-01

    In recent years, many new surgical implants (biological and synthetic) for female urinary incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse (POP) surgery have been launched in Denmark. In the literature, complications have been reported in up to 40% of cases depending on the type of operation, 2-5% as serious...

  14. Overvej cannabinoid hyperemesis-syndrom ved recidiverende opkastninger

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nordholm-Carstensen, Andreas

    2014-01-01

    Cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome (CHS) is characterised by unrelenting nausea, recurrent vomiting, abdominal pain and compulsive, hot bathing behaviour. The symptoms contrast the traditional effects associated with cannabis use. We report a "textbook example" of a 26-year-old man with CHS. CHS...

  15. Behandling af epilepsi ved stimulation af nervus vagus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Christian Pilebaek; Sidenius, Per Christian; Gyllenborg, Jesper

    2010-01-01

    epilepsy surgery is not feasible, vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) should be offered. VNS seems to have an effect in all epilepsy syndromes and seizure types. VNS is generally well-tolerated, and may even improve mood and quality of life. Many more epilepsy patients in Denmark should be offered VNS....

  16. Nye diagnostiske tiltag ved akantamøbekeratitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Esben Tranholm; Heegaard, Steffen; Hjortdal, Jesper Østergaard

    2011-01-01

    Acanthamoeba keratitis is a rare but sight threatening condition. A major problem is that the disease is difficult to diagnose and often mistaken for herpes infection in its early stages. We present an update in diagnostics with the presentation of five recent cases of Acanthamoeba keratitis wher...... the use of confocal microscopy and PCR based DNA analysis of epithelial scrapings played a pivotal role. An early diagnose is crucial for achieving a successful outcome....

  17. Bestemmelse af døgnblodtryksvariationer ved cirrose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Søren; Wiinberg, N; Henriksen, Jens Henrik

    1996-01-01

    Cirrhotic patients have disturbed systemic haemodynamics with reduced arterial blood pressure, but this has not been investigated during daily activity and sleep. Systolic (SBP), diastolic (DBP), and man arterial blood pressure (MAP), and heart rate (HR) were measured by an automatic ambulatory...... device for monitoring blood pressure in 35 patients with cirrhosis and 35 healthy matched controls. During the day-time, SBP, DBP and MAP were significantly lower in the patients than in the controls (median 118 vs 127; 70 vs 78; 86 vs 94 mmHg, p pressures were......, but surprisingly normal arterial blood pressure during the night-time, and the circadian variation in blood pressure and HR is diminished probably due to an almost unaltered cardiac output during the 24 hours. These results may reflect a major defect in the ability of optimal regulation of blood pressure...

  18. Måleudstyrets brug ved validering af emner

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Erik

    2000-01-01

    Selvom man måler på emner, som umiddelbart ikke ser måleteknisk problematiske ud, så sker det alligevel ofte, at målingerne alligevel ikke svarer til forventningerne. Der sker ofte på grund af, at målemaskinens påviste høje nøjagtighed altid opnås på perfekte emner med perfekte overflader i perfe...

  19. Forstørret nakkefold kan ses ved osteogenesis imperfecta

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schönewolf-Greulich, Bitten; Skibsted, Lillian; Maroun, Lisa Leth

    2011-01-01

    A limited number of reports published since 2001 have described an association between increased nuchal translucency (NT) and osteogenesis imperfecta (OI). We report a new case which underlines the frequency of this association as well as the importance of follow-up and genetic evaluation...

  20. Ureterlaesion ved radikal hysterektomi for cancer colli uteri

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rolff, M; Bang, T; Bostofte, E

    1996-01-01

    Eight ureter lesions of the ureter occurred among 100 consecutive patients undergoing radical hysterectomy for cancer of the uterine cervix. The management of this problem is discussed, and treatment guidelines for the most commonly seen lesions are proposed. It is concluded that a more liberal u...

  1. Laparoskopisk eller åben subtotal kolektomi ved inflammatorisk tarmsygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindberg, Lars Joachim; Rosenberg, Jacob; Achiam, Michael Patrick

    2010-01-01

    Studies have shown that laparoscopic colectomy (LC) for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is just as safe as open colectomy. Some of the short-term advantages of laparoscopy are faster recovery, less pain, shorter hospital stay and fewer complications. The long-term advantages include superior cos...... cosmetic result, reduced intra abdominal adhesion formation, less frequent hospitalization due to small bowel obstruction and fewer incisional hernias. Cost-benefit analyses also favour laparoscopic surgery for IBD....

  2. Resuscitation og abdominalkirurgiske aspekter ved damage control-kirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hillingsø, Jens G; Svendsen, Lars Bo; Johansson, Pär I

    2011-01-01

    In multitrauma patients continuous bleeding is one of the major killers. Coagulation defects have been shown to be a primary event and to occur very early in multitrauma patients (acute traumatic coagulopathy). It is enhanced by acidosis, hypothermia and further coagulation disorders in the "bloody...... vicious cycle". Due to this a new resuscitation practice has been defined; damage control resuscitation, consisting of hypotensive resuscitation (restricted use of crystalloids), haemostatic resuscitation (balanced use of blood components) in combination with surgical haemostatic procedures (damage...

  3. Kliniske konsekvenser af intranasal insulinbehandling ved insulinkraevende diabetes mellitus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hilsted, J C; Madsbad, S; Rasmussen, M H;

    1996-01-01

    Metabolic control, hypoglycaemia frequency and nasal mucosal physiology were evaluated in 31 insulin-dependent diabetics treated with intranasal insulin at mealtimes for one month and with subcutaneous fast-acting insulin for another month in a randomized crossover trial. During both periods...

  4. Atypisk manifestation ved infektiøs endokarditis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pareek, Manan; Hansen, Lars Koch; Rujic, Dragana;

    2013-01-01

    Infective endocarditis is a serious disease associated with a high mortality. The initial presentation may be non-specific and misleading, thus delaying correct diagnosis. In this case report, we describe a 46-year-old woman, who presented with symptoms suggestive of systemic lupus erythematosus,......, including malar rash, arthritis, acute renal failure and thrombocytopenia, but she was subsequently proven to have infective endocarditis involving the mitral valve. Her rheumatological symptoms diminished after antibiotic therapy and mitral valve surgery....

  5. Mikrobiologisk diagnostik ved infektioner i mundhulen nu og i fremtiden

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Belstrøm, Daniel

    2016-01-01

    ikke dyrkes med nuværende laboratorieteknikker. Den permanente orale mikroflora menes at have en beskyttende effekt mod udvikling af orale sygdomme, mens forskydninger i denne som følge af økologiske ændringer synes afgørende for udvikling af marginal parodontitis og caries. Formålet med denne...

  6. Helbredsrelateret livskvalitet ved reumatoid artritis. Hvilke faktorer spiller ind?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Linde, L.; Sørensen, J.; Østergaard, Morten

    2008-01-01

    Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disease causing joint pain, loss of function and decreased health-related quality of life (HRQoL). HRQoL in RA patients is associated with several risk factors; in this paper the evidence relating to the most important risk factors is reviewed. ...

  7. Cerebral sinustrombose ved Behçets sygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schytz, Henrik Winther; Wegener, Marianne; Lassen, Lisbeth Landschoff

    2012-01-01

    ). We present a case of a 32 year-old Lebanese woman with severe headache and papilloedema due to a cerebral venous thrombosis and secondary intracranial hypertension. During follow-up she was diagnosed with bilateral uveitis and a history of recidivating oral and genital ulcerations was disclosed. BD...

  8. Erfaringer med substitution af PVC ved renere teknologi og brancheaftaler

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Ulrik

    Rapporten gennemgår den danske debat om PVC og de miljøpolitiske tiltag, der har været gennemført. Et survey i danske plastvirksomheder gennemført i projektet viser, at industrien er forberedt på at gennemføre en omfattende substitution af PVC, hvis der stilles politisk krav om det eller markedet...... efterspørger det. Til gengæld viser brancheaftalerne sig at være et svagt instrument og der peges på et behov for en opfølgning af de gode resultater, der er opnået med substitution af PVC i en række renere teknologi projekter, som har fået statslig støtte....

  9. Danger-signaler og inflammasomer ved autoinflammatoriske og autoimmune sygdomme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bendtzen, Klaus

    2011-01-01

    Cytoplasmic inflammasomes are formed through activation of pattern recognition receptors (PRR) of the innate immune system. Endogenous and exogenous danger signals, e.g. DNA- and RNA-fragments, urate- and cholesterol crystals, silica and asbestos, ß-amyloid, UV-light and skin irritants, may induce...

  10. Angiogenetiske faktorer kan bruges ved mistanke om svangerskabsforgiftning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andrea, Mille Kyhn; Lykke, Jacob Alexander

    2016-01-01

    Angiogenic factors can be used when pre-eclampsia is suspected. Pre-eclampsia complicates 7% of pregnancies. The heterogeneity of the syndrome makes it difficult to assess its development and complications, and the current models have low predictive values. Studies indicate a significant difference...

  11. Angiogenetiske faktorer kan bruges ved mistanke om svangerskabsforgiftning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andrea, Mille Kyhn; Lykke, Jacob Alexander

    2015-01-01

    Pre-eclampsia complicates 7% of pregnancies. The heterogeneity of the syndrome makes it difficult to assess its development and complications, and the current models have low predictive values. Studies indicate a significant difference in the levels of the angiogenic factors: placental growth...

  12. Potentialer og problematikker ved livestreaming og fastholdelse af undervisning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarai Løkkegaard

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available I efteråret 2012 forsøgte vi os med livestreaming af undervisning på 1. semester af bacheloruddannelsen i Humanistisk Informatik (AAU. Livestreaming var en måde at løse et presserende problem med stort optag af nye studerende og deraf følgende lokalemangel. Samtidig var det en mulighed for at opsamle strukturerede erfaringer med nye undervisningsrum og undervisningsformer. Det er disse erfaringer, vi med udgangspunkt i kvalitative og kvantitative data analyserer og diskuterer i denne artikel. Artiklens formål er at klarlægge, hvilke problematikker og potentialer studerende og undervisere oplever i forbindelse med livestreaming og fastholdelse af undervisning. Rent teknisk oplevede vi store udfordringer som afstedkom, at vi kort inde i semestret afbrød forsøget med streaming og i stedet dublerede de resterende forelæsninger. Vi nåede dog at få indsamlet data om både studerende og underviseres erfaringer med og holdninger til livestreaming og fastholdelse af undervisning. Disse potentialer og problematikker diskuterer vi med udgangspunkt i vores data og i dialog med eksisterende forskning inden for området.

  13. Forekomst og behandling af seksuel dysfunktion ved hjertesygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mickley, Hans

    2002-01-01

    Several links have been established between sexual dysfunction and heart disease. Indeed, many risk factors for developing sexual dysfunction are shared by coronary artery disease: age, smoking, diabetes, hypertension, and hypercholesterolaemia. It should also be borne in mind that in men several...

  14. Medarbejdernes retsstilling ved grænseoverskridende overtagelse og fusion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Lone L.

    -selskaber) og ligeledes grænseoverskridende fusion på grundlag af regelsættene om fusion af aktie- og anpartsselskaber (CBM-reglerne), ligesom også grænseoverskridende spaltning efte den nye danske selskabslov inddrages i analyserne. En lang række af afhandlingens resultater er relevante også for andre...

  15. Aflastning af tumorbetinget obstruerede øvre urinveje ved prostatacancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kraemer, Pia Charlotte; Borre, Michael

    2009-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Hydronephrosis in patients with prostate cancer can be relieved by nephrostomia or internal urinary diversion by a double-J ureteral stent. The latter can be placed either retrograde or antegrade by means of an already established nephrostomy. The purpose of the present study....... Double-J urethral stents lasted longer than nephrostomies, but half of those relieved by internal stents only survived one or two catheter replacements before dying. CONCLUSION: Malignant extrinsic ureteral obstruction in prostate cancer patients is frequent and both types of relief are safe...

  16. Dosisdispensering som årsag til fejlmedicinering ved sektorovergang

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lysen, Charlotte; Hendriksen, Carsten; Faxholm, Mette Straarup

    2011-01-01

    Multi-dose drug dispensing (MDDD) was introduced in Denmark in 2001 in order to minimize medication errors. In May 2010 44.500 Danish citizens received MDDD. We report two cases where MDDD in the primary sector led to medication errors after hospitalisation, the reason partly being difficulties i...

  17. Marin recipientundersøgelse ved Thule Air Base 2002

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Glahder, C. M.; Asmund, G.; Mayer, P.;

    I 2002 gennemførte Danmarks Miljøundersøgelser en recipientundersøgelse ud for Thule Air Base (TAB) for at vurdere, om aktiviteterne og specielt de efterladte dumpe på TAB har belastet det marine miljø med forurenende stoffer. Undersøgelsen viser, at der findes flere forurenings-kilder som f. eks...... findes i Wolstenholme Fjord og Bylot Sund området og regionen som helhed. Det væsentligste forureningsproblem i forbindelse med akti-viteterne på Thule Air Base synes at være PCBerne, idet denne kontaminantgruppe viser forhøjede koncentrationer på 2-30 gange både lokalt og regionalt. PCB...

  18. Transabdominal chorion villus biopsi ved abnormt ultralydfund i 2. trimester

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hertz, Jens Michael; Jensen, P K; Henriques, U

    1990-01-01

    be indicated. Until recently, amniocentesis has been employed for this but the results of the chromosome investigation are not available until two to three weeks after the intervention. The delay between amniocentesis and the result of chromosome investigation imposes a mental strain on the pregnant woman...... oligohydramnios, growth retardation or foetal malformations have been demonstrated by ultrasonic scanning, in cases where referral for antenatal diagnosis is very late and when chromosome investigation after amniocentesis proves unsuccessful and repeated amniocentesis would result in an unacceptably late result....

  19. Columbus' navn hang ved, da Colombia rev sig fri

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Østergaard, Uffe

    2016-01-01

    I 52 år har Colombia været skueplads for en særdeles blodig guerillakrig, som har kostet flere end 220.000 mennesker livet. Når den colombianske præsident, Juan Manuel Santos, i morgen på Oslos rådhus modtager Nobels fredspris, er det ikke bare, fordi Nobelkomitéen håber, at den vil give ham styrke...

  20. Minimal restsygdom ved maligne blodsygdomme II. Translation og terapeutiske konsekvenser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hokland, Peter; Ommen, Hans Beier; Nyvold, Charlotte Guldborg;

    2009-01-01

    in following patients with chronic myeloid leukaemia treated with the tyrosine kinase inhibitor imatinib. Moreover, the methodology is being integrated in an increasing number of clinical trials, where it is expected to result in more rational and individualized clinical decision-making. A special point...

  1. Nye behandlingsmuligheder ved primær immun trombocytopeni

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gudbrandsdottir, Sif; Frederiksen, Henrik; Birgens, Henrik Sverre

    2011-01-01

    Primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP)--formerly known as idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura--is an autoimmune disorder characterized by immune mediated thrombocytopenia. The aetiology of ITP remains unknown, but studies have shown that multiple immunological mechanisms are involved in the pathog...

  2. Sammenligning af QuantiFERON og hudtest ved mulig tuberkuloseinfektion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jepsen, Micha; Krause, Tyra Grove; Moryl, Dorte;

    2009-01-01

    results were found in 8/419 (1.9%) students and 3/71 (4.2%) staff members. Agreement between the TST and the QFT was moderate 97% (Kappa 0.407; confidence interval (CI) 0.124-0.689) among students and poor among staff 68% (Kappa 0.036; CI -0.102-0.175). The majority of the TST-positive and all the QFT...... applied and 490 a QFT test done. RESULTS: Of the skin test applied 689 (94%) were read, and 41 (5.9%) were positive. TSTs were positive in 17/603 (2.8%) students and 24/87 (28%) staff members. A total of 490 (62%) had a QFT performed; 11 (2.2%) were positive and four (0,8%) inconclusive. QFT positive...... positive students were found in relation to the index case. Positive TST results and BCG vaccination (p

  3. Bibliometrisk Impact - om konsekvenser ved implementeringen af den bibliometriske forskningsindikator

    OpenAIRE

    Jensen, Simon Hurni

    2009-01-01

    This thesis is about the resent developments in Danish policy concerning higher education: the use of bibliometrics in order to govern funds regarding scientific research. The political idea is to optimize the production of research by rewarding quantity and quality at the same time. The thesis examines the possible outcome of such New Public Management tools, in particular the consequences for the practice of science and research strategies at universities. In doing so, it begins with the 20...

  4. Bestemmelse af døgnblodtryksvariationer ved cirrose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, S; Wiinberg, N; Henriksen, Jens Henrik Sahl

    1996-01-01

    Cirrhotic patients have disturbed systemic haemodynamics with reduced arterial blood pressure, but this has not been investigated during daily activity and sleep. Systolic (SBP), diastolic (DBP), and man arterial blood pressure (MAP), and heart rate (HR) were measured by an automatic ambulatory...

  5. Laparoskopiassisteret ileocøkal resektion ved Crohns sygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Laursen, Stig Borbjerg; Knudsen, Torben; Poornoroozy, Peiman

    2010-01-01

    Laparoscopic surgery has become more widely used in the treatment of patients with inflammatory bowel disease. The aim of this study is retrospectively to describe the results of laparoscopy-assisted ileocolic resection of nineteen patients with Crohn's disease....

  6. Svær hyponatriæmi ved terlipressinbehandling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Poulsen, Anja; Krag, Aleksander

    2013-01-01

    to terlipressin treatment. A 60-year-old woman with bleeding oesophageal varices was treated with terlipressin 2 mg every fourth hour. After 24 hours of treatment she was somnolent, and the sodium concentration had dropped from 127 mmol/l to 107 mmol/l. Hyponatraemia is an important adverse event in terlipressin...

  7. Sociale, økonomiske og kulturelle aspekter ved whiplash

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Claus; Stenager, Elsebeth; Nielsen, Claus Vinther

    2010-01-01

    patients' tendency not to return to their jobs. There is a need for further research i) to identify evidence-based prophylaxis and treatment, ii) to monitor medical diagnoses in relation to social benefits to support research opportunities and iii) to assess whether other social solutions comprise...

  8. Muligt klinisk potentiale ved revertering af neuromuskulær blokade med sugammadex ved anæstesi og kirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Øberg, Emilie; Claudius, Casper

    2013-01-01

    Neuromuscular blockers (NMBs) provide good conditions for endotracheal intubation and surgery. NMBs have been associated with higher morbidity and mortality, mainly due to post-operative residual neuromuscular block. This may become history with the advent of sugammadex - an antidote to the NMB...... rocuronium - which within 1-3 minutes neutralizes the effects of rocuronium. High-dose rocuronium is now an alternative to suxamethonium in acute or short procedures and in a situation, where ventilation/intubating cannot be performed, sugammadex can reverse the rocuronium blockade within minutes....

  9. Fødenet udsat for langvarig eksponering af olie ved sub-letale koncentrationer - en overset fare ved Arktis' olieeventyr

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Espersen, Laila K.S.; Møhl, Malene; Møller, Eva Friis;

    I takt med den øgede interesse for olieudvinding i de arktiske egne stiger risikoen for skadelige effekter på miljøet. Vores forskning fokuserer på zooplankton i Disko bugten, det første led i det arktiske havøkosystem, og effekterne af langvarig oliepåvirkning for fødetilgængelighed i et potenti...

  10. Diagnostisk strategi ved tilfældigt fund af FDG-optagelse i glandula thyroidea ved PET-CT

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Maria Holst; Nygaard, Birte; Søndergaard, Susanne Bonnichsen;

    2011-01-01

    strategy to identify patients with high risk of thyroid malignancy. The diagnostic process should include measurement of thyroid function, thyroid scintigraphy and in patients with cold nodules detected by scintigraphy additional ultrasound guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy.......Incidental findings of focal fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake in the thyroid occurs more frequently with increased use of positron emission tomography (PET) with a frequency of 1-4% and a risk of cancer in the thyroid of > 30%. This article reviews the existing literature and recommends a diagnostic...

  11. Epidemiologi, morbiditet og mortalitet ved fødsel ved gestationsalder på 24-31 uger

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Garne, Ester; Grytter, Carl

    2010-01-01

    To describe the epidemiology, in-hospital morbidity and mortality until discharge from hospital for infants born with gestational age (GA) 24-31 weeks.......To describe the epidemiology, in-hospital morbidity and mortality until discharge from hospital for infants born with gestational age (GA) 24-31 weeks....

  12. Lokalisation af tumorbaerende tarmsegment ved laparoskopisk colonkirurgi. Peroperativ koloskopi eller praeoperativ tatovering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ghahremanlou, Reza; Bulut, Orhan; Jess, Per

    2005-01-01

    Tumor localization may be critical in laparoscopic surgery because manual palpation may not be possible. This study focused on the need for intraoperative colonoscopy to identify the tumor site. We also present our preliminary experiences with preoperative tattoo of the resection site.......Tumor localization may be critical in laparoscopic surgery because manual palpation may not be possible. This study focused on the need for intraoperative colonoscopy to identify the tumor site. We also present our preliminary experiences with preoperative tattoo of the resection site....

  13. Vi ved for lidt om danske børn, der er opvokset med specifikke sprogforstyrrelser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen de Lopez, Kristine

    2008-01-01

    Et barn, der lider af sprogforstyrrelser, føler sig ofte svigtet af omverdenen. I Danmark har vi hidtil ikke haft mulighed for at hjælpe, men nu er basale redskaber under udvikling......Et barn, der lider af sprogforstyrrelser, føler sig ofte svigtet af omverdenen. I Danmark har vi hidtil ikke haft mulighed for at hjælpe, men nu er basale redskaber under udvikling...

  14. Endocavitary radiotherapy of rectal tumours; Endokavitaer straalebehandling ved distale rectum tumorers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tanum, G.; Wiig, J. [Norske Radiumhospital, Oslo (Norway); Andersen, O.K. [Sentralsykehuset i Akershus, Loerenskog (Norway)

    1997-02-01

    The authors describe their experience of endocavitary radiotherapy of adenomas and carcinomas of the lower rectum. The method is an alternative for patients who cannot undergo standard surgical procedure or do no want a permanent colostomy. This method is cheap, fast and causes little discomfort to the patients, gives reasonable long-term results and has low morbidity. 11 refs., 4 figs., 2 tabs.

  15. Endocavitary radiotherapy in patients with rectal carcinoma. Endokavitaer straalebehandling ved cancer recti

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tanum, G.; Tveit, K.M.; Giercksky, K.E. (Det Norske Radiumhospital, Oslo (Norway))

    1992-05-01

    Most patients with rectal carcinomas undergo surgery, either a resection with anastomosis or Miles' operation with permanent colostomy. Endocavitary radiotherapy is an alternative to surgery in patients with small carcinomas (Dukes' A) or adenovillous adenomas. The treatment is cheap, simple, gives good local tumour control, has low morbidity and does not require hosptialization. The Norwegian Radium Hospital has recently startet to use this method in selected cases of rectal carcinomas. 12 refs., 1 fig.

  16. Vesikoamniotisk shunt-terapi ved føtal obstruktiv uropati

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nguyen, T H; Thorup, Jørgen Mogens; Larsen, T

    1996-01-01

    Due to the widespread use of obstetric ultrasound an increasing number of congenital malformations are diagnosed prenatally. Some of these can be treated in utero. A 17 week-old fetus with a posterior urethral valve was diagnosed due to a dilated bladder, bilateral hydronephrosis and oligohydramn...... normally functioning kidney....

  17. Diaspora. Somalia er ved at vågne op - overalt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Farah, Abdulkadir Osman

    2013-01-01

    Sikkerhedsrådet våbenembargoen mod Somalia. Danmark er blandt de førende lande i genopbygning af Somalia, især i forhold til humanitær bistand og bekæmpelsen af pirateri på Afrikas Horn. Der er ca. 2 millioner somaliere i andre lande, og den største bistand modtager Somalia fra sin diaspora, som overfører ca. 2...

  18. Urincytologi som supplement til cystoskopi og biopsi ved kontrol af blaeretumorer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ladefoged, C; Andersen, O P; Røhl, H F

    1989-01-01

    Throughout the years several investigations have either recommended or discredited exfoliative urine cytology because of high incidence of false negative or false positive results. Most authors agree that high grade bladder tumors are diagnosed with fairly high certainty (80-87%) by using...... exfoliative urine cytology whereas the value of urine cytology of low grade bladder tumors is uncertain. This investigation, including 200 patients who came for cystoscopic control of bladder tumors, revealed 87% accordance between cystoscopic biopsy and exfoliative urine cytology of high grade tumors while...... there were 47% false negative and no false positive of low grade tumors. On this background, it must be concluded that exfoliative urine cytology is an important investigation in diagnosing and controlling patients with bladder tumors, but the method can not always stand alone....

  19. Analyse af problemstillinger i moderne produktionssystemer ved hjælp af operationsanalytiske metoder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Paulli, Jan

    This PhD thesis consists of 6 volumes, the first being the above-mentioned Resumé. Vol. 2: Some Aspects of Applying Simulated Annealing and Tabu Search to the Quadratic Assignment Problem. Vol. 3: A Hierarchical Approach for the FMS Scheduling Problem Vol. 4: Solving the General Multiprocessor Job......-shop Scheduling Problem (co-author: S. Dauzèrérès) Vol. 5: A Global Tabu Search Procedure for the General Multiprocessor Job-shop Scheduling Problem (co-author: S. Dauzère-Pérès) Vol. 6: Makespan Estimations in Flexible Manufacturing Systems (co-author: J.C. Fransoo, T.G. de Kok)...

  20. Vind tid ved først at vide, hvordan du bedst spilder den!

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holm, Claus; Nielsen, Jens Christian

    2015-01-01

    Filosoffen Jean-Jacques Rousseau og reformpædagogikken får kritik for at hylde et romantisk barnesyn, der forhindrer børn i at udnytte deres læringskapacitet. Kritikken er ikke forkert, men heller ikke helt rigtigt. Så pas på med at smide resten af Rousseau ud med forestillingen om en...

  1. Monitorering og komplikationer ved konservativ behandling af svær, akut pankreatitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Novovic, Srdan; Malmstrøm, Marie Louise; Andersen, Anders Møller

    2013-01-01

    Severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) is associated with a high morbidity and a mortality risk of up to 20%. Although much progress has occurred during the latest couple of years, there are still some major controversies on important issues such as monitoring, fluid therapy, antibiotic treatment...

  2. Mikrokirurgi ved reanimation, lymfødem og håndkirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bonde, Christian T; Jensen, Lisa Toft; Tos, Tina

    2016-01-01

    peripheral nerve surgery as well as brachial plexus surgery. Lymphoedema is being treated with super microsurgery on an experimental basis. Dynamic reconstruction of facial palsy is performed in a two-stage operation with cross-over nerve graft and a free microvascular muscle flap, typically gracilis....

  3. Flere nye behandlingsmuligheder ved hereditært angioødem

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Åbom, Anne; Palarasah, Yaseelan; Bygum, Anette

    2012-01-01

    Hereditary angio-oedema (HAE) is a rare genetic disease caused by deficiency of complement C1 inhibitor. It is characterised by recurrent episodes of subcutaneous or submucosal oedema typically involving the extremities, bowel, face or larynx. Within the latest years it has become evident...

  4. Køling ved hjælp af fjernvarme (Using District Heating for Cooling)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knudsen, Hans Jørgen Høgaard

    1999-01-01

    The theoretical basic using heat to produce cooling is explained by combining two Carnot processes. Ejector and Absoption cycles, which are two pratical processe using heat, are explained. For absorption cycles different layout is shown using low temperature heat source. It is shown how a high...

  5. Administrative stordriftsfordele ved kommunalre-formen i Danmark – sandede eller tilsandede?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kurt Houlberg

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available

    The Danish Local Government Reform in 2007 reduced the number of municipalities from 271 to 98 and the number of Regions from 14 to 5 along with major changes in tasks, finances and the equalisation scheme. One of the objectives of the reform was to realize administrative economies of scale. Measured by administrative costs, this article concludes that the amalgamated municipalities so far have not realized the expected administrative economies of scale. It is, however, also shown that the potential economies of scale prior to the Reform was inflated in a Reform legitimating process. Before as well as after the Reform, administrative economies of scale exist if analysing on administrative costs. Technically administrative costs by decentralised agencies, however, cannot be calculated and are therefore not included in the analysis. Basing the analysis instead on administrative personnel, including administrative staff employed at schools, kindergartens etc., the conclusion is that larger municipalities do not spend less resources on administration than smaller municipalities.

  6. MRSA og ESBL er fortsat stigende i samfundet og ved hospitalsassocierede udbrud

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skov, Robert; Hansen, Dennis Schrøder

    2011-01-01

    pigs is an increasing problem. For ESBL producing Escherichia coli a considerable multi clonal increase has been seen both in the community and in hospitals. There are indications on food being a significant reservoir. For ESBL producing Klebsiella pneumoniae an increasing number of hospital outbreaks...

  7. Komplet remission efter rituximabbehandling ved refraktær hårcelleleukæmi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petruskevicius, Irma; Bukh, Anne; Johnsen, Hans Erik

    2008-01-01

    A 40 year-old man with hairy cell leukemia (HCL) was treated with Cladribin, but achieved only partial response (PR). As expected, both 2 and 5 years later the disease had progressed and the patient was therefore twice retreated with Cladribin. A bone marrow examination after the last Cladribin c...

  8. ’Du bestemmer – jeg li’ arbejde’ – om sprog og kultur ved jobsamtaler

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kirilova, Marta

    2016-01-01

    (Original text in Danish) This paper presents the main results from a large interactional study of job interviews with second language speakers of Danish. The job interviews were part of a Danish governmental initiative (‘IO-stillinger’) aimed at integrating immigrants and newcomers to Denmark...

  9. Vandstande og saltholdighed i Limfjorden ved lukket Thyborøn Kanal

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nørgaard, Jørgen Harck; Bentzen, Thomas Ruby; Larsen, Torben

    På Aalborg Universitet er der netop afsluttet nogle omfattende edb-beregninger med vandstandsforhold og saltholdighed i Limfjorden. Disse beregninger dokumenterer, at en lukning af Thyborøn Kanal med en dæmning indeholdende en gennemstrømningssluse, vil være i stand til at reducere de nuværende o...

  10. Pupilparalyse. En sjaelden komplikation ved øjeninfektion med Varicella zoster-virus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hallas, P

    2001-01-01

    Pupillary paralysis and paresis of the peripheral facial nerve on the left side was found in a 68-year-old man with concussion and herpes zoster ophthalmicus on the left eye. Post mortem examination showed no sign of intracranial hemorrhage. The cause of death was pulmonary oedema and aspiration...

  11. Diaspora. Somalia er ved at vågne op - overalt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Michelsen, Anders Ib; Farah, Abdulkadir Osman; Farah Aden, Mahad;

    2013-01-01

    I efteråret 2012 fik Somalia for første gang en parlamentsformand, en præsident og en statsminister fra civilsamfundet. Den føderale regering beskyttes af ca. 18.000 afrikanske tropper fra Uganda, Kenya mv. Ekstremistiske grupper er i defensiven, men ikke nedkæmpet. 6. marts 2013 ophævede Sikkerh...... milliarder dollar om året....

  12. Dannelse af toksiske forbindelser ved termisk forbrænding af lugtende luftstrømme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Jens Peter; Bossi, Rossana; Pritzl, Gunnar;

    2003-01-01

    The present report describes the results from an investigation undertaken by DMU and Aalborg University about toxicity produced during the incineration of the smoke from the factory Trible Nine Fish Protein (Esbjerg, Denmark). Previous investigations had found that the washing water was highly...... toxic for certain organisms. In the present project DMU has undertaken chemical screening(GC-MS and LC-MS) of the washing water from the production plant(800° C)and from the pilot plant run at different temperatures (800-1000°C). At the same time Aalborg University has undertaken toxicological screening...... on Acartia tonsa and Sceletonema costatum and measurements of the inhibition of the nitrification for microorganisms present in sewage sludge. The chemical screenings did not spot a single compound or a group of compounds which could be the cause of the observed toxicity. On the other hand, the toxicological...

  13. Sælfinger erhvervet i Danmark og diagnosticeret ved PCR-teknik

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jansen, Louise Charlotte; Justesen, Ulrik Stenz; Roos, Signe Moeslund

    2012-01-01

    Seal finger is an unusual infection in Denmark but is seen quite often in Greenland. A 69 year-old Danish man developed severe infection after cutting his finger on a sea urchin while handling a fishing net. Treatment with beta-lactam antibiotics had no effect. Standard culture from the lesion...

  14. Sammenligning af profylaktisk ephedrin- og profylaktisk phenylephrininfusion ved spinal anaestesi til kejsersnit

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Afshari, Arash; Møller, Ann M; Hangaard, Niels

    2006-01-01

    Spinal anaesthesia for caesarean delivery may be associated with hypotension and fetal acidosis. Prophylactic infusion of phenylephrine (PE) immediately after the induction of anaesthesia appears to be a more effective approach than administration of ephedrine to reduce the incidence, frequency...

  15. Bliv iværksætter ved at etablere en ny spin-off-virksomhed

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Clarke, Ann Højbjerg; Evald, Majbritt Rostgaard; Jensen, Kent Wickstrøm;

    2007-01-01

    eller flere iværksættere kan arbejde med spin-off-aktiviteter. Redskabet er opdelt i syv trin. Hvert trin tager fat på konkrete aktiviteter, som erhvervskonsulenten i samarbejde med en iværksætter kan gennemføre for at blive mere bevidst om, hvordan en attraktiv forretningside kan omdannes til en ny...... potentiel spin-off-virksomhed. Denne del af rapporten er oplagt at tage fat på, uanset hvor meget erfaring og viden erhvervskonsulenten har om spin-off-aktiviteter. I indholdsfortegnelsen starter denne del af rapporten med afsnittet "Arbejdsmetoden for de syv trin: Den udførlige model" og ender efter...... gennemgangen af de syv trin. Anden del i rapporten er i indholdsfortegnelsen markeret med en ramme....

  16. Risiko for affektion af centralnervesystemet ved brug af mobiltelefon--sekundaerpublikation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schüz, Joachim; Waldemar, Gunhild; Olsen, Jørgen H

    2009-01-01

    for migraine and vertigo and 30-40% less hospital contacts than expected for dementia (Alzheimer's disease, vascular and other dementia), Parkinson's disease and epilepsy among men. No associations were seen for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, multiple sclerosis or epilepsy in women. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Nov-2...

  17. Retlige, retssikkerhedsmæssige og resocialiserende omkostninger ved sagsomkostninger i straffesager

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olesen, Annette

    2014-01-01

    According to the Danish Administration of Justice Act, the state has a right of recourse against criminal offenders to recover legal costs (expenses to defense lawyers, DNA-tests, technical and accounting investigations etc.). Denmark is the only Scandinavian country, and most likely the only cou...... and reintegration of ex-prisoners are affected negatively by the legislation concerning legal costs...

  18. Digital forskningsformidling - Kommunikative potentialer ved at anvende Web 2.0 til videnskonstruktion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bang, Jørgen; Dalsgaard, Christian

    2008-01-01

    kommunikations- og formidlingsmuligheder, der eksisterer i nye digitale medier (Finnemann 2005), ofte kaldet Web 2.0. Det centrale spørgsmål er: Hvordan kan man formidle forskning gennem digitale medier? Artiklen er et indledende studie i et større projekt om potentialerne i digital forskningsformidling i...

  19. Indikation for behandling med warfarin bør altid fremgå eksplicit ved sektorskifte

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vestergaard, Thea; Hjort, Johanne; Madsen, Henrik Bjørnsgaard

    2014-01-01

    Warfarin has a narrow therapeutic window and side effects include bleeding causing e.g. hospital admission and death. Monitoring of treatment and review of indication are mandatory. We report a case of more than four years of warfarin treatment without indication. Treatment was not discontinued due...... to inadequate medical record keeping and communication among health-care providers. Medical-record keeping should follow guidelines from the National Board of Health. In addition, clearly stated treatment duration and indication may prevent unwarranted or premature termination of treatment....

  20. Akut koronarangiografi er indiceret ved ST-elevation efter hjertestop uden for hospital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjærgaard, Jesper; Bro-Jeppesen, John; Møller, Jacob Eifer

    2013-01-01

    Guidelines suggest that acute coronary angiography (CAG) is considered in patients resuscitated from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest with presumed cardiac aetiology. Since specialized post-resuscitation care, including therapeutic hypothermia, has proved beneficial in randomized studies, CAG should...

  1. Svær hyperkortisolæmi ved progression af småcellet lungecancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Boysen, Anders Kindberg; Stenbygaard, Lars

    2010-01-01

    Small cell lung cancer accounts for about 15% of all cases of lung cancer and is a highly chemo-sensitive disease, but with a high rate of relapse following induction chemotherapy. Small cell lung cancer is often associated with various paraneoplastic syndromes, and we present a case where progre...... progression was dominated by a severe endocrine disorder, and present how treatment with the correct chemotherapy improved the patients clinical and biochemical condition. Udgivelsesdato: 2010-Jun-7...

  2. Modellering af naturlig ventilation og natkøling- ved hjælp af ringmetoden

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Rasmus Lund

    De seneste årtiers fokusering på energieffektivitet og indeklima har betydet en genopfindelse af naturlig ventilation. Dagens byggeskik og fremkomsten af computeren har betydet at der har været og stadig er et stort behov for beregningsmodeller der hurtigt og præcist kan beregne konsekvenserne ve...

  3. Portaltrykket skal måles ved mistanke om portal hypertension

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Søren; Bendtsen, Flemming

    2010-01-01

    Portal hypertension leads to serious complications such as oesophageal varices, ascites, and in some patients hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The importance of measurement of the hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) has recently been substantiated as it independently predicts survival and deve......Portal hypertension leads to serious complications such as oesophageal varices, ascites, and in some patients hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The importance of measurement of the hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) has recently been substantiated as it independently predicts survival...... and development in connection with ascites, HCC and variceal bleeding. Measurement of HVPG is a simple and safe method and it can, moreover, be used to guide pharmacotherapy for primary and secondary prophylaxis of variceal bleeding. Assessment of HVPG should be available in larger centres that manage portal...... hypertensive patients....

  4. Mulige problemer ved tegning af forsikring bekymrer patienter, der henvises til genetisk rådgivning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Diness, Birgitte Rode; Juhl, Line Bune

    2014-01-01

    In Denmark insurance companies may request information regarding current and past disease of the applicants and their family when insurance is requested but they are prohibited from requesting information regarding the applicants' genetically determined risk of future disease. We report a web...

  5. Diagnose og behandling af osteoporose ved ikke-metastaserende cancer mammae

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eiken, Pia Agnete; Hansen, Mogens; Kristensen, Bent;

    2011-01-01

    The prevention of cancer-treatment-induced bone loss due to chemotherapy and long-term adjuvant breast cancer therapy has a high priority. We present an algorithm for the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis during treatment of nonmetastatic breast cancer....

  6. God effekt af mindfulness ved symptomer på stress, angst og depression

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fjorback, Lone; Rasmussen, Benita Holt; Preuss, Tua

    2013-01-01

    Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) is a manualised group intervention using mindfulness training as a means of reducing the suffering associated with physical, psychosomatic and psychiatric illness. A review of the literature includes 31 randomised studies. Results indicate that MBSR may...

  7. Koronararteriecalciumscore ved hjertecomputertomografi øger den prognostiske information hos udvalgte personer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Thomas; Zacho, Mette; Kourmaeva, Daria

    2011-01-01

    Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in the western countries. Conventional risk evaluation of asymptomatic individuals is unfortunately inaccurate. There is a need for better diagnostic tools to identify persons, who will benefit from intensified preventive treatment. Coronary...... artery calcium score (CACS) measured by multi-slice CT scan contributes significantly to risk stratification especially in persons with intermediate risk assessed by conventional risk analysis. A CACS-guided preventive intervention strategy seems appealing to reduce mortality due to cardiovascular...

  8. Måleegenskaper ved den norske versjonen av Teacher's Report Form (TRF)

    OpenAIRE

    Kornør, Hege; Drugli, May Britt

    2011-01-01

    Beskrivelse. TRF inngår som én av tre tester i Achenbach System of Empirically Based Assessment (ASEBA). Thomas Achenbach og Leslie Rescorla står bak denne testen, som kom ut i sin originalversjon på engelsk 2001. Torunn S. Nøvik og Sonja Heyerdahl publiserte den norske oversettelsen av TRF i 2002. TRF skal besvares av lærere for å kartlegge faglig fungering, tilpasning og problemområder hos barn og ungdom i skolealder. Problemdelen har én totalskåre som danner utgangspunkt for...

  9. Muligheder og barrierer for adjunkters læring i forbindelse med vejledningspraksis ved DPU

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christiansen, Irene

    2006-01-01

    Et adjunktpædagogikum skaber tid og rum for, at universitetsundervisere kan bruge hinanden som ressource, mens der i den almindelige hverdag kun sjældent er fora for direkte pædagogisk erfaringsudveksling kollegaer imellem. Artiklen belyser muligheder og barrierer for, at adjunkter fra DPU får sk...

  10. Akut koronarangiografi er indiceret ved ST-elevation efter hjertestop uden for hospital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjærgaard, Jesper; Bro-Jeppesen, John; Møller, Jacob Eifer;

    2013-01-01

    be offered to patients with a high likelihood of thrombotic coronary lesions, i.e. patients with ST-segment elevation in electrocardiogram (ECG) following resuscitation. This article suggests a triage and referral based on electronic transmission of ECG and teleconference with specialized centres in all...

  11. Tenkning i sykepleie om eksklusjon av foreldre ved barns innleggelse i sykehus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hildegunn Sundal

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Analyses of textbooks in nursing, of photographs and numerous other documents suggest that parents had limited access to participate in the care for their hospitalized children in Norway in the period 1877-1940. The analyses are conducted in the tradition of the French philosopher Michel Foucault’s writings on discipline. In accordance with Foucault’s understanding, it seems logical that ideas about parenting exclusion had impact even within the hospital health care system in the current era, provided the general separation of parents and children in the modern industrial society at large. In this perspective, exclusion of parents in the hospital health care system may be considered a consequence of employers’ interests with regard to productivity, the lack of welfare services for parents, and the fear of parents transmitting infections from the hospitals.

  12. Strømmålinger ved Sæby Udløbsledning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Torben

    Med henblik på at vurdere tidevandsstrømningens amplitude i det kystnære område ud for Sæby har man i ca. 14 dage fra 25.5.81 til 11.6.81 haft udlagt en Aanderraa RCM 4 strømmåler ca. 1 m under overfladen på ca. 4 m vanddybde. Måleren la ca. 900 m fra land i en linje, som var en forlængelse af ud...

  13. Transient response of a vertical electric dipole (VED) on a two-layer medium

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poh, S. Y.; Kong, J. A.

    The transient electromagnetic radiation by a vertical electric dipole on a two-layer medium is analyzed using the double deformation technique, which is a modal technique based on identification of singularities in the complex frequency and wavenumber planes. Previous application of the double deformation technique to the solution of this problem is incomplete in the early time response. In this paper it is shown that the existence of a pole locus on the negative imaginary frequency axis, which dominates the early time response, proves crucial in obtaining the solution for all times. A variety of combinations of parameters are used to illustrate the double deformation technique, and results will be compared with those obtained via explicit inversion, and a single deformation method.

  14. 我们都爱VED 2014 BMV Vision EfficientDynamics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    关于BMW Vision EfficientDynamics(简称VED),我们做过很多次报道,在2009年法兰克福车展展出之后,这款车俨然成为了BMW创新精神的象征,近年来BMW被爱好者批评过于向市场妥协,

  15. A Comparison of Community College Responders and Nonresponders to the VEDS Student Follow-Up Survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carifio, James; And Others

    1991-01-01

    A survey of respondents and nonrespondents to the Vocational Education Data System's follow-up survey of Massachusetts community college graduates was designed to measure response bias. The survey investigated employment patterns, wages, and degree of job relatedness. Results suggest original data was biased, if at all, toward underestimation, not…

  16. A ved mog bõ i shashkoi rubanut / Aleksandr Tshaplõgin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tšaplõgin, Aleksandr, 1964-

    2007-01-01

    Kaitseväe juhataja kindralmajor Ants Laaneots esines Eesti Reservohvitseride Kogu 10. aastapäevale pühendatud sümpoosionil ning rääkis Venemaalt ja eestivenelastest lähtuvast ohust Eesti julgeolekule, samuti pidas aprillirahutuste organiseerijaks Venemaad. Riigikogu liikmete arvamusi

  17. Results of the VEDS Employer Follow-Up Survey for Massachusetts Community Colleges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carifio, James; And Others

    A year after graduation, a survey was attempted by the Massachusetts Board of Regents of all 1981-82 career graduates of public community colleges in the state (N=5,267). Of the 1,881 responding graduates, 847 reported that they were employed full-time, and 737 of the working graduates gave the board permission to contact their employers for an…

  18. Dissemineret B-celle-lymfom med kardiel involvering ved hiv-infektion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ullerup-Aagaard, Henriette; Müllertz, Katrine Mikala

    2012-01-01

    A 44 year-old Somali woman was admitted with chest pain, shortness of breath and weight loss. A transthoracic echocardiography showed extensive intracardiac tumour masses. A transvenous biopsy was performed yielding the diagnosis diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Thoracic and abdominal computed...... tomography showed dissemination to several organs. The patient was tested HIV positive and initiated on chemotherapy and antiretroviral therapy. After five months no tumour masses could be visualised by a repeated echocardiographic examination. Unfortunately, the patient died a few months later from cerebral...

  19. Svær hyperkortisolæmi ved progression af småcellet lungecancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Boysen, Anders Kindberg; Stenbygaard, Lars

    2010-01-01

    Small cell lung cancer accounts for about 15% of all cases of lung cancer and is a highly chemo-sensitive disease, but with a high rate of relapse following induction chemotherapy. Small cell lung cancer is often associated with various paraneoplastic syndromes, and we present a case where progre...... progression was dominated by a severe endocrine disorder, and present how treatment with the correct chemotherapy improved the patients clinical and biochemical condition. Udgivelsesdato: 2010-Jun-7...

  20. Optisk og videoassisteret laryngoskopi ved vanskelige luftveje hos børn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bille, Anders Bastholm; Holm-Knudsen, Rolf; Lefort, Michelle

    2012-01-01

    Despite ongoing technological advances, direct laryngoscopy still remains the golden standard for endotracheal intubation in children and infants. However, in some infants it is almost impossible to obtain a view of glottis and the vocal cords. In this paper we present an overview of the recent a...... advances in optical and video-assisted laryngoscopy in difficult paediatric airways.......Despite ongoing technological advances, direct laryngoscopy still remains the golden standard for endotracheal intubation in children and infants. However, in some infants it is almost impossible to obtain a view of glottis and the vocal cords. In this paper we present an overview of the recent...

  1. Dynamiske ekg-forandringer ved Brugada-syndrom, en overset diagnose?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tfelt-Hansen, Jacob; Svendsen, Jesper Hastrup; Hofman-Bang, Jacob

    2005-01-01

    Brugada syndrome is a primary electrical disease involving a wide spectrum of phenotypes. The hallmark of Brugada syndrome is the ST elevation in leads V1 to V3. We present three cases of Brugada syndrome. The first patient was diagnosed via routine ECG and a programmed electric stimulation. The ...

  2. Køling ved hjælp af fjernvarme (Using District Heating for Cooling)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knudsen, Hans Jørgen Høgaard

    1999-01-01

    The theoretical basic using heat to produce cooling is explained by combining two Carnot processes. Ejector and Absoption cycles, which are two pratical processe using heat, are explained. For absorption cycles different layout is shown using low temperature heat source. It is shown how a high...... change in the heat source temperature can be realized.....

  3. Rationel antibiotikabehandling kan opnås ved audit og undervisning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerrum, Lars; Gahrn-Hansen, Bente; Kolmos, Hans Jørn

    2011-01-01

    A prerequisite for rational antibiotic treatment is the suspicion that the disease is caused by bacteria and that treatment will reduce symptoms and complications. In primary health care most infections are caused by bacteria. The European project HAPPY AUDIT found that an intervention targeting...

  4. Fra innvandrer til medstudent og ressurs i undervisningen ved helsefaglig høyskoleutdanning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ursula Småland Goth

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Norway has become a multicultural society where cultural encounters still can be seen as cultural conflict. The increased diversity in the population leads to an increased need for students with minority background within the health professions and health professionals from the majority population practicing care with a culture sensitive approach. During the last years, the University College of Oslo and Akershus has seen a significant increase of health student applicants with immigrant background. To encounter the situation this article aims to describe immigrant student's learning situation. 21 randomly selected students from the University College were interviewed on the basis of a semi-structured interview guide. Nine of the students were immigrants and 12 belonged to the major population. Gained data were analysed within a constant comparative approach. Our results showed that immigrant students face challenges during participation in study groups, seminars and in other professional communities. The detected challenges also included the acquisition of terminology and communication in Norwegian. The study concludes that there is a need for an enforced inclusive learning environment by promoting togetherness, tolerance and cultural competence.

  5. Fejldiagnostik ved vaginal skanning hos en kvinde, der var gravid efter hormonel follikelstimulation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Al-Najami, Issam; Salomon, Søren

    2014-01-01

    We present the case of a 21-year-old woman who developed a simultaneous extra- and intrauterine pregnancy after hormonal induction of ovulation. The case shows a delay in the detection, relying on usual measures as vaginal ultrasound scanning, of the ectopic pregnancy resulting in peritonealia an...

  6. Nye molekylaere markører ved de kroniske myeloproliferative sygdomme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Thomas Stauffer; Pallisgaard, Niels; Christensen, Jacob Haaber;

    2006-01-01

    , implicating that phenylalanine is substituted with valine in position 617 (V617F mutation). JAK2 is of particular importance to haematopoiesis, since JAK2 proteins are activated mainly by the haematopoietic growth factors. The JAK2 mutation is present in most patients with polycythaemia vera and about 50...

  7. Billeddiagnostik ved galdesten--hvor er vi på vej hen?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ainsworth, Alan Patrick; Fallentin, Eva M; Myschetzky, Peter Sand

    2005-01-01

    External ultrasonography is the cornerstone imaging modality for the diagnosis of gallbladder stones, and it is unlikely that it will be replaced by other examination methods. Due to the complications associated with endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), endoscopic ultrasonograph...

  8. Vi skal også være søde ved de kreative

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hermansen, Judy

    2014-01-01

    Chris Hackley fra University of London har interviewet kreative i alle aldre på en række store og små Londonbureauer om deres syn på reklame og arbejdet på et reklamebureau. De bureaukreative i Hackley’s undersøgelse fremstår som nogle lidt desillusionerede kunstnertyper (mange af dem har faktisk...... et fuldtonet kommercielt univers, så ser de sig selv som en modpol til den kolde businessverden. Og det er netop i denne (selv)modsigelse, at den berømte konflikt mellem kreative og plannere ifølge Hackley har sit udspring....

  9. Tidlig invasiv undersøgelse af koronarkar er indiceret ved non-ST-elevationsmyokardieinfarkt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thorsted Sørensen, Jacob; Stengaard, Carsten; Okkels Jensen, Lisette

    2013-01-01

    Today there is solid evidence that high-risk patients with acute myocardial infarction without ST-elevation should undergo routine invasive treatment, preferably with a very short delay. Evidence suggests that acute coronary occlusions are present in many of these patients. Nevertheless, so far...

  10. Kliniske overvejelser ved forhøjede troponinværdier

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rujic, Dragana; Pareek, Manan; Egholm, Gro

    2015-01-01

    The essential role of cardiac troponin (cTn) in the diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction has led to the development of high-sensitivity assays, which are able to detect very small amounts of myocardial necrosis. However, although elevated blood levels of cTn indicate myocardial injury, they do...... not provide a causal explanation. The differential diagnosis of minor elevations of the cTn-level is broad and includes both acute and chronic cardiac and non-cardiac conditions. The purpose of this paper is to review common causes of elevated cTn-levels in daily clinical practice....

  11. Storkarsvaskulitis påvist ved PET/CT hos patient med initialt formodet cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Kim Francis; Skøt, Jens; Bülow, Jens

    2012-01-01

    Large vessel vasculitis, including giant cell arteritis and Takayasu arteritis, is traditionally diagnosed and classified according to the American College of Rheumatology criteria, which do not include findings on imaging modalities. We present a case in which non-invasive imaging with 18F......-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography gave essential information in the diagnostic work-up of large vessel vasculitis in a female presenting with non-specific symptoms. We discuss the role of nuclear medicine imaging in early diagnosis and follow-up of this inflammatory disease, characterized...... by granulomatous panarteritis of the aorta and its major branches....

  12. Dimetikon ved laktuloseinduceret dyspepsi. Effekt på H2-produktion og symptomer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Friis, H; Bodé, S H; Rumessen, J J

    1993-01-01

    The results of studies of the effect of simethicone on abdominal gas-related symptoms have been contradictory. In a randomized, double-blind, cross-over study, ten healthy volunteers were given 30 g lactulose and 600 mg simethicone or placebo. End-expiratory breath samples were collected and anal......The results of studies of the effect of simethicone on abdominal gas-related symptoms have been contradictory. In a randomized, double-blind, cross-over study, ten healthy volunteers were given 30 g lactulose and 600 mg simethicone or placebo. End-expiratory breath samples were collected...... and analyzed for H2, and gastrointestinal symptoms registered. There were no differences in biochemical parameters or symptom score between simethicone and placebo. In contrast to previous studies, we used a sufficiently large dose of lactulose to produce gastrointestinal symptoms, a higher dose of simethicone...

  13. Laser surgery in ear, nose and throat. Laserkirurgi ved sykdommer i oere-nese-halsregionen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Winter, F.Oe.; Teig, E.; Haye, R. (Rikshospitalet, Oslo (Norway))

    1991-10-01

    This survey is based on own experiences and a study of the literature. The CO{sub 2} laser has certain advantages in the surgical treatment of otosclerosis, both in the primary operation and in reoperation. In rhinal surgery the argon laser has been used with good results in Osler's disease. Laser surgery is not recommended for vasomotoric rhinitis and polyposis. The CO-2 laser has improved the quality of treatment of laryngeal papilloma. With high precision and minimal bleeding the postoperative voice is better than with conventional surgery. The CO{sub 2} laser can also be used to exstirpate small malignant tumours of the tongue and leukoplasia of the oral mucosa. Healing is rapid and involves relatively little pain. The postoperative functional results is usually good, due to moderate formation of scars. 11 refs., 2 tabs.

  14. Dannelse af toksiske forbindelser ved termisk forbrænding af lugtende luftstrømme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Jens Peter; Bossi, Rossana; Pritzl, Gunnar

    2003-01-01

    The present report describes the results from an investigation undertaken by DMU and Aalborg University about toxicity produced during the incineration of the smoke from the factory Trible Nine Fish Protein (Esbjerg, Denmark). Previous investigations had found that the washing water was highly...... toxic for certain organisms. In the present project DMU has undertaken chemical screening(GC-MS and LC-MS) of the washing water from the production plant(800° C)and from the pilot plant run at different temperatures (800-1000°C). At the same time Aalborg University has undertaken toxicological screening...... on Acartia tonsa and Sceletonema costatum and measurements of the inhibition of the nitrification for microorganisms present in sewage sludge. The chemical screenings did not spot a single compound or a group of compounds which could be the cause of the observed toxicity. On the other hand, the toxicological...

  15. Slaget ved Vejle og andre fortællinger fra Jyske Bank

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Albrechtsen, Charlotte

    Storytelling som ledelsesværktøj er en form for retorik idet formålet med at bruge fortællinger i kommunikationen fra ledelse til medarbejdere er at påvirke modtagerne/medarbejderne. Imidlertid er refleksioner over modtagerinstansen så godt som fraværende både i den populære debat om storytelling...

  16. Positiv effekt af intermitterende over- og undertryk (Vacusac) ved claudicatio intermittens

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mehlsen, J; Himmelstrup, H; Himmelstrup, B;

    1994-01-01

    Twenty-two patients with intermittent claudication were included in a double-blinded, randomized trial comparing the effects of 25 treatments with intermittent suction and pressure (Vacusac treatment) to 25 placebo applications given over a period of two months. Twelve patients participated in an...

  17. Tredimensional laparoskopi har potentiale til at erstatte todimensional laparoskopi ved abdominalkirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fergo, Charlotte; Pommergaard, Hans-Christian; Burcharth, Jakob

    2016-01-01

    Studies comparing three-dimensional (3D) laparoscopy with 2D laparoscopy have shown shorter operation time, a short learning curve as well as better depth perception. Robotic surgery includes the EndoWrist function in addition to the 3D view; however robotic surgery lacks haptic feedback....... No evidence from clinical trials for the potential benefits of robotic surgery exists. Thus, 3D laparoscopy is an eligible alternative to both 2D laparoscopy and robotic surgery....

  18. Tredimensional laparoskopi har potentiale til at erstatte todimensional laparoskopi ved abdominalkirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fergo, Charlotte; Pommergaard, Hans-Christian; Burcharth, Jakob

    2015-01-01

    Studies comparing three-dimensional (3D) laparoscopy with 2D laparoscopy have shown shorter operation time, a short lear-ning curve as well as better depth perception. Robotic surgery includes the EndoWrist function in addition to the 3D view; however robotic surgery lacks haptic feedback....... No evidence from clinical trials for the potential benefits of robotic surgery exists. Thus, 3D laparoscopy is an eligible alternative to both 2D laparoscopy and robotic surgery....

  19. Nutidige og fremtidige aspekter ved robotkirurgi inden for øsofagus-ventrikel-cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Achiam, Michael Patrick; Jendresen, Marianne; Svendsen, Lars Bo

    2014-01-01

    and ergonomic discomfort for the surgeons, but these drawbacks are expected to be reduced by robot-assisted surgery with its seven degrees of freedom, 3D vision, tremor filtering and improved ergonomics. The purpose of the review is to describe the current and future use of robot-assisted surgery for gastro...

  20. Nutidige og fremtidige aspekter ved robotkirurgi inden for øsofagus-ventrikel cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Achiam, Michael Patrick; Jendresen, Marianne; Svendsen, Lars Bo

    2014-01-01

    and ergonomic discomfort for the surgeons, but these drawbacks are expected to be reduced by robot-assisted surgery with its seven degrees of freedom, 3D vision, tremor filtering and improved ergonomics. The purpose of the review is to describe the current and future use of robot-assisted surgery for gastro...

  1. Positiv effekt af intermitterende over- og undertryk (Vacusac) ved claudicatio intermittens

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mehlsen, J; Himmelstrup, H; Himmelstrup, B

    1994-01-01

    Twenty-two patients with intermittent claudication were included in a double-blinded, randomized trial comparing the effects of 25 treatments with intermittent suction and pressure (Vacusac treatment) to 25 placebo applications given over a period of two months. Twelve patients participated...... treatment caused significant increments in ADP-induced platelet aggregation, while the effects on fibrinolysis were uncertain. It is concluded that intermittent suction and pressure treatment offers a new approach for conservative treatment of intermittent claudication....

  2. Kan nye VHS udbrud i regnbueørred forebygges ved vaccination eller avl?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lorenzen, Niels

    Tørlægning og desinfektion har traditionelt været brugt til at bekæmpe virussygdommen Egtvedsyge (VHS) i danske ørred-dambrug og lige nu regnes VHS for udryddet. Det har dog vist sig, at der hos vilde fiskebestande i havet findes VHS virus, som under visse omstændigheder må forventes at kunne...... virussygdom hos opdrættede regnbueørreder. Sygdommen er anmeldepligtig. Der har tidligere være lavet forsøg på fremavle fisk, der er resistente overfor VHS eller andre infektioner. Dette kan godt lade sig gøre, men er mere tidskrævende end vaccineudvikling. Dertil kommer at man kan risikere at øget resistens...... mod fx VHS medfører øget modtagelighed overfor andre infektioner. En bedre strategi vil derfor være at identificere genetiske markører for sygdomsresistens....

  3. Profitability estimations in considering applications for concession in the energy sector; Loennsomhetsvurderinger ved konsesjonsbehandling i energisektoren

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Berg, M. [Oslo Univ. (Norway). Sosialoekonomisk Inst.; Soevik, Y.

    1995-09-01

    In Norway, most power development projects are subject to the 1917 law on the regulation of watercourses and its revision of 1992. This report discusses certain aspects of concession granting conditions laid down in this law. Part I describes some variants of the profitability concept and discusses the project owner`s incentives: He may feel encouraged to influence assessments of the damage and inconvenience his project might inflict on private and public interests because for him large compensations are connected with low project value. If there is doubt about a project`s worthiness of concession and its value for the owner is positive, then the owner may overstate the value and the positive external effects of the project and understate the negative ones. And vice versa for a project of negative value. Part II discusses some of the principle characteristics of today`s concession practice: quantification of costs in a power development project, estimation of production value, quantification of discount rate. Part III deals with possible linkage between concession granting authorities and various participants in a development project from the point of view of political science. 14 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab.

  4. Fire års erfaringer med sentinel node-operation ved brystcancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Galatius, Hanne; Lanng, Charlotte

    2006-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: The sentinel node (SN) procedure is increasingly being employed in breast surgery to determine the status of the axilla. So far, experience has shown that determination of axillary status is just as accurate as with axillary dissection. Results from 47 months of prospective registra......INTRODUCTION: The sentinel node (SN) procedure is increasingly being employed in breast surgery to determine the status of the axilla. So far, experience has shown that determination of axillary status is just as accurate as with axillary dissection. Results from 47 months of prospective...

  5. Spinocellulært karcinom opstået ved cikatrice efter Calmette-vaccination

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Rikke Maria; Andersen, F.; Salskov-Iversen, Maria Luise

    2014-01-01

    Marjolin's ulcer is an aggressive squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) found in chronically inflamed skin. SCC has been reported in smallpox vaccination sites, whereas basal cell carcinomas are more common in scar after bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccination. A 72-year-old man presented with a chronic...... ulcer at the site of his childhood BCG vaccination. At the time of examination, a 3 x 1.5 cm fleshy and secreting ulcer was found on the shoulder. Biopsy revealed SCC, and the tumour was surgically removed. In conclusion, chronic ulcers, especially those originating in chronically inflamed skin, should...

  6. Mikrokirurgi ved reanimation, lymfødem og håndkirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bonde, Christian T.; Jensen, Lisa Toft; Tos, Tina

    2016-01-01

    Microsurgery is defined as surgery performed with the aid of ocular magnification. In Denmark, this is undertaken by four units. This review describes the history of microsurgery which evolved during the 1960s. Microsurgery in hand surgery is primarily replantation and revascularisation but also...

  7. Overdødelighed af hjerte-kar-sygdomme ved reumatoid artritis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindhardsen, Jesper; Gislason, Gunnar Hilmar; Ahlehoff, Ole

    2011-01-01

    The cardiovascular morbidity and mortality are increased in rheumatoid arthritis and probably equal those of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. The European League Against Rheumatism has recently provided evidence-based guidelines for cardiovascular risk management in patients with rheumatoi...

  8. Intermitterende pneumatisk kompressions-behandling ved underekstremitetsiskæmi uden kirurgiske behandlingstilbud

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Feuerhake, Ingrid Luise; Henneberg, Eskild W; Høgh, Annette

    2016-01-01

    Patients with critical limb ischaemia, without possibility for vascular surgery reconstruction, are a high selected population with a wide scale occurrence of co-morbidity and mortality. We outline the use of intermittent pneumatic compression (IPC) to these patients. Impact on both wound healing...

  9. Energy and environmental assessment in connection with renovation; Energi- og miljoevurdering ved renovering

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Holleris Petersen, E.

    2001-07-01

    Environmental assessments were carried out for renovation projects that more energy saving measures than usual for renovation projects and also for more traditional renovation of small flats. These environmental assessments were carried out primarily with a view to test the suitability of the BEAT 2000 simulation program for energy and environmental assessments for renovation projects, but also with a view to clarify the importance of doing more comprehensive environmental assessments. BEAT 2000 tests will show whether the assessment tool should be changed to include renovation projects and also of the tool's database should be extended with specific materials and building elements used in renovation. Experience gained on the project shows that environmental assessment of renovation projects does not in principle differ from assessments of new building. Further data need to be collected, especially in relation to new and not commonly used energy-saving solutions and the selected materials. These are characterised by occurring not only in connection with renovation but also with new buildings where they can generally be used. It may be added that an extended database including materials for new and not commonly used energy-saving solutions will facilitate environmental assessment of most traditional plumbing and electrical installations as the same materials are extensively used. They can also be used in connection with renovation and new building. Moreover the database should be extended to include a number of typical building elements used for renovating. However, it should be expected that new and not commonly used building elements will be used in connection with renovation, their use dictated by specific physical conditions of old houses. Therefore it will be impossible to establish a database of building elements for renovation that will be as comprehensive as building elements for new buildings. It will often be necessary for the user himself to define the necessary building element to be used in renovation and this is the reason why environmental assessment in renovation in general can be expected to be more time consuming than new building. The performed energy and environmental assessments show that energy consumption for operation and its environmental impact is the most important, but also energy and environmental assessments of production and waste management can be important to consider when selecting between new and not commonly used energy or building solutions. (au)

  10. Frigør man kvinden ved at nedgøre manden?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Jeppe Oute; Randwijk, Christian Balslev van

    2014-01-01

    "I den danske køns- og ligestillingsdebat er der en tendens til at tegne et miskrediterende billede af den umodne drengerøv. Dermed er mange såkaldte feminister desværre med til at understøtte et undertrykkende kønsideal for både mænds og kvinders livsførelse."...

  11. Nye endokrine behandlinger forlænger overlevelsen ved kastrationsresistent prostatacancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brasso, Klaus; Thomsen, Frederik Birkebæk; Berg, Kasper Drimer;

    2013-01-01

    Endokrin behandling af prostatacancer (PCa) har været anvendt i mere end 60 år og har stadig en væsentlig plads i behandlingen af patienter med avanceret PCa. Hos en voksen mand opretholder androgener celleantallet i prostata og undertrykker apoptose. Ophæves den androgene stimulation opnås en...... dobbeltvirkning: hæmning af DNA syntese og proliferation samt aktivering af apoptose. Kastrationsbehandling i form af orkiektomi eller behandling med LHRH agonister/antagonister er standard hos patienter med avanceret PCa, men effekten er tidsbegrænset og såkaldt kastrationsresistent progression af PCa optræder...

  12. Bilateral binyreblødning ved sepsis er ikke ensbetydende med totalt binyresvigt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pareek, Manan; Nielsen, Mette Lundgren; Smith-Sivertsen, Christian

    2012-01-01

    Bilateral adrenal haemorrhage can occur in the setting of severe clinical sepsis. The clinical presentation may be non-specific, and the degree to which adrenal haemorrhage causes adrenal insufficiency remains unclear. We describe a case of an 18-year-old male presenting with meningococcaemia...

  13. Forøget renal udskillelse af antibiotika kan resultere i underdosering ved sepsis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Moser, Claus; Hartvig, Tom; Schierbeck, Jens

    2016-01-01

    Early, relevant antibiotic treatment is of pivotal significance for survival for patients with sepsis. Recent reports reveal, that critically ill patients may need substantially higher dosing of antibiotics than the usual standards. The background is the newly described augmented renal clearance...... (ARC), which can be observed in critically ill patients with sepsis. ARC results in significantly reduced antibiotic concentrations in patients with sepsis and can potentially have fatal consequences. The purpose of this paper is to make medical doctors aware of the phenomenon and to compensate...

  14. Tidlig identifikation og behandling af kredsløbssvigt ved svær sepsis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Haase, Nicolai; White, Jonathan; Perner, Anders

    2010-01-01

    Severe sepsis is a leading cause of death characterised by infection-induced endothelial and cardiac dysfunction leading to hypovolaemia, maldistribution of flow, tissue ischaemia and organ failure. A clinical approach with focus on cardiovascular diagnostics and rational goal-directed therapy...

  15. Fra mental retardering til målrettet behandling ved fragilt X-syndrom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jønch, Aia Elise; Timshel, Susanne; Carlsen Lunding, Jytte Merete;

    2014-01-01

    From intellectual disability to new treatment modalities of fragile X syndrome: Ugeskr Læger 2014;176:V06130350 In 1943 a large family with X-linked mental retardation was described by Martin & Bell. This family had what we know today as fragile X syndrome, the most common inherited form...... of intellectual disability. Current knowledge about the specific gene, the encoded protein and the pathophysiological mechanisms involved has made it possible to develop pharmacological treatment trials. Fragile X syndrome therefore is on its way as model disorder for targeted treatments in genetic medicine...

  16. Rationel antibiotikabehandling kan opnås ved audit og undervisning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerrum, Lars; Gahrn-Hansen, Bente; Kolmos, Hans Jørn;

    2011-01-01

    A prerequisite for rational antibiotic treatment is the suspicion that the disease is caused by bacteria and that treatment will reduce symptoms and complications. In primary health care most infections are caused by bacteria. The European project HAPPY AUDIT found that an intervention targeting...... doctors and patients in primary care led to a considerable decrease in antibiotic prescribing. Teaching of hospital doctors, combined with a restriction in the choice of antibiotics, resulted in a decrease in multidrug-resistant strains. A concerted effort is needed to curb the growing resistance problem....

  17. Interferon-gamma release-assay ved mistanke om aktiv tuberkulose?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Browatzki, Andrea; Meyer, Christian

    2009-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this retrospective study was to outline the practical use and clinical value of the immunodiagnostic interferon-gamma release assay (IGRA) on suspicion of active Mycobacterium tuberculosis (TB) infection. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective study of all patients (n=91...

  18. ’Du bestemmer – jeg li’ arbejde’ – om sprog og kultur ved jobsamtaler

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kirilova, Marta

    2016-01-01

    , firstly through tailor-made job interviews, and later on through workplace mentoring, language courses and professional upgrades. At first sight, the ‘IO-stillinger’ job project was an example of an affirmative action towards the integration of immigrants in the workplace. In practice, however...

  19. Førstehjælp ved observeret hjertestop uden for hospital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lybecker, H; Andersen, C; Frandsen, F

    1990-01-01

    In connection with participation of doctors in the emergency ambulance service in Odense, the number of cases of observed cardiac arrest outside hospital was registered during a period of six months. The object was to assess how often primary treatment for cardiac arrest was instituted by passers...... increases survival. It is therefore essential to increase the number of courses in the treatment of cardiac arrest for lay persons, if mortality is to be reduced....

  20. Prognostisk vaerdi af PET og MRS ved evaluering af cerebral status hos børn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Borgwardt, Lise; Danielsen, Else Rubaek; Børch, Klaus

    2002-01-01

    We report a case of a 12-week-old previously normal infant with severe brain damage after an episode of asphyxia during an RS-virus infection. Sub-acute MRI was normal, but new functional techniques, PET (positron emission tomography) and MRS (magnetic resonance spectroscopy) were severely abnorm....... At an outpatient clinic three months later, he had developed microencephaly and the MRI was now severely abnormal. The case shows the importance of using multimodality functional imaging techniques to assess the cerebral status of infants for prognosis and course of treatment....

  1. Intratekal baclofenbehandling ved svaer spastisk tetraplegi og dystoni hos børn og unge

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Illum, Niels Ove; Hansen, Flemming Juul; Fischer, Claudia

    2003-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Continuous intrathecal baclofen has been used over the past years especially in adult patients with spasticity of spinal origin. Children and young adults with severe spasticity and dystonia of cerebral origin are difficult to treat in spite of optimal systemic antispasmotic therapy...

  2. Kandidat- og master-uddannelser indenfor ernæring ved Københavns Universitet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Jens Rikardt; Kondrup, Jens; Lassen, Jesper

    2008-01-01

    masteruddannelser. Ligesom for andre bachelorgrader gælder det dog, at specifikke optagelseskrav skal være opfyldt, for at man kan komme ind på et kandidatstudium. Man kan således ikke uden videre få adgang til et naturvidenskabeligt kandidatstudium med en humanistisk bachelorgrad eller omvendt....

  3. Rutinemæssig oftalmologisk opfølgning anbefales ved candidæmi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Smit, Jesper; Leemreize, Marieke; Berman, Dalia Cecilia

    2014-01-01

    The incidence of candidaemia is increasing on a global scale. Secondary intraocular involvement is a rare but serious complication, which can cause considerable visual damage. Hence, current national and international guidelines recommend ophthalmological examination of all patients with verified...... candidaemia in order to ensure adequate therapy and reduce the risk of visual impairment. We present a case illustrating that initial symptoms and findings of ocular candidiasis may often be subtle which emphasizes the importance of consistent adherence to these guidelines....

  4. Tidlige brukere av alkohol – hvem er de? Kjennetegn ved ungdom som starter tidlig med alkohol

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anders Grimsmo

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available  SAMMENDRAGDebutalder med alkoholrus er en sterk prediktor for senere alkoholbruk. I denne undersøkelsen har visammenliknet de som starter med alkohol tidlig og før det er kulturelt akseptert, med ungdommenesom begynner i konfirmasjonsalder og de som utsetter alkoholdebuten. Vi finner at gruppen sombegynner tidlig ikke bare bryter de lokale tradisjonene for alkoholkonsum, men er i opposisjon tilnormer og autoriteter generelt. Alkohol er et positivt symbol for gruppen og det å ruse seg et ritualesom gir mening i deres miljø. Hjemmet står i den sterkeste posisjonen til å kunne utsette ungdommensalkoholdebut. Vi skisserer hvilke implikasjoner dette bør ha for strategien i det forebyggende arbeidet.

  5. Generel anæstesi anvendes for hyppigt ved akut sectio

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frydshou, Andreas; Mitchell, Anja U; Møller, Ann

    2012-01-01

    As general anaesthesia (GA) for caesarean section (CS) compared to regional anaesthesia (RA) can increase maternal risks, it has been suggested that 85% of all acute CS should be performed in RA. We observed whether anaesthesiologists at a Danish university hospital over a 4,5 year-period fulfilled...

  6. Sammenligning af profylaktisk ephedrin- og profylaktisk phenylephrininfusion ved spinal anaestesi til kejsersnit

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Afshari, Arash; Møller, Ann M; Hangaard, Niels

    2006-01-01

    Spinal anaesthesia for caesarean delivery may be associated with hypotension and fetal acidosis. Prophylactic infusion of phenylephrine (PE) immediately after the induction of anaesthesia appears to be a more effective approach than administration of ephedrine to reduce the incidence, frequency a...

  7. Teknologiske redskaber i stressbehandlingen - En diskussion af muligheder og udfordringer ved smartphone-apps

    OpenAIRE

    Kryger, Benjamin Bergkvist; Hvid, Julie Stjerneby; Erdem, Helin; Jørgensen, Joan Ladekjær

    2015-01-01

    This paper contains an examination and discussion on the possibilities and challenges by implementing app technology in the use of telemedicine. The chosen health issue is the increasing stress problem and the chosen technology is the app and brain sensing headband; Muse. Muse claims to have a stress reducing quality by helping the user to a better meditation practice. In the theory, based on the stress expert Bo Netterstrøm, there is an examination on what stress is, how it ev...

  8. Er idrætslæreren ved at få en ny innovativ rolle?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elbæk, Lars

    2012-01-01

    Sedentarismen – stillesiddende aktivitet – har nu også ramt børn og unge. Det kan derfor meget nemt opfattes som et paradoks, at vi netop nu laver et temanummer om IT og idræt. Ikke desto mindre findes der efterhånden mange gadgets og apps, som kan bruges i forbindelse med idræt og fysisk aktivit...

  9. Appetitstimulerende lægemidler ved fremskreden kræft

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Enevoldsen, Kristin; Jarlbæk, Lene; Herrstedt, Jørn

    2014-01-01

    For patients with advanced cancer, the evidence of using medical appetite stimulants is sparse. A literature database search for randomized, controlled trials found data from 11 drugs. Only for corticosteroids and progestins there was enough evidence to support their use for improving appetite...... and weight gain. Several drugs are currently being tested. If medical appetite stimulation commences, it is recommended to be part of a multimodal therapy for patients with advanced cancer, weight loss and lack of appetite....

  10. Fra mental retardering til målrettet behandling ved fragilt X-syndrom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jønch, Aia Elise; Timshel, Susanne; Carlsen Lunding, Jytte Merete

    2014-01-01

    From intellectual disability to new treatment modalities of fragile X syndrome: Ugeskr Læger 2014;176:V06130350 In 1943 a large family with X-linked mental retardation was described by Martin & Bell. This family had what we know today as fragile X syndrome, the most common inherited form......, and this article reviews clinical and therapeutic aspects of the syndrome....

  11. Fra mental retardering til målrettet behandling ved fragilt X-syndrom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jønch, Aia Elise; Timshel, Susanne; Lunding, Jytte

    2014-01-01

    In 1943 a large family with X-linked mental retardation was described by Martin & Bell. This family had what we know today as fragile X syndrome, the most common inherited form of intellectual disability. Current knowledge about the specific gene, the encoded protein and the pathophysiological...... mechanisms involved has made it possible to develop pharmacological treatment trials. Fragile X syndrome therefore is on its way as model disorder for targeted treatments in genetic medicine, and this article reviews clinical and therapeutic aspects of the syndrome....

  12. Spredning af Staphylococcus aureus ved nasal bærertilstand

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Iskandar, Aline; Nguyen, Ngan; Kolmos, Hans Jørn

    2009-01-01

    , whispering and loud talking. These activities were performed with and without gown, gloves, mask and cap upon street clothes. RESULTS: The study showed that the highest number of Sa and bacteria in total was dispersed into the air when the volunteers were moving and wearing only their street clothes....... The dispersal of Sa into the air was reduced into a minimum by wearing cap, gown and gloves, and no further significant decrease was achieved by wearing a mask. This applied for all volunteers except for one, who had to wear a mask in order to reduce his dispersal of Sa to a minimum. The total dispersal...... of bacteria was significantly reduced by wearing cap, gown and gloves; however, to reduce this dispersal to a minimum, volunteers also had to wear a mask. CONCLUSION: Our study supports the rational basis that gown, cap, gloves and mask should be used not only in the operating theatre, but also while e...

  13. Antibiotikumprofylakse ved tandbehandling hos patienter med hofte- eller knaeledsalloplastik er sjaeldent nødvendig

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Peter Holmberg; Fuursted, Kurt; Holmstrup, Palle;

    2010-01-01

    A review of the literature with respect to whether antibiotic prophylaxis should be recommended in relation to dental treatment of patients with hip or knee joint prosthesis. We find no evidence for such a general recommendation. As neutropenic patients and patients with rheumatoid arthritis are ...... are generally more prone to develop periprosthetic infections it can be considered in these cases to give prophylactic antibiotics before more extensive dental treatments.......A review of the literature with respect to whether antibiotic prophylaxis should be recommended in relation to dental treatment of patients with hip or knee joint prosthesis. We find no evidence for such a general recommendation. As neutropenic patients and patients with rheumatoid arthritis...

  14. Primaer brystrekonstruktion i forbindelse med mastektomi ved mammacancer. Indikation, procedure og umiddelbare operative resultater

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elberg, J J; Mollerup, C L; Dahlstrøm, K K

    2000-01-01

    Mastectomy and immediate reconstruction of 122 breasts were performed in 109 patients in close collaboration between plastic surgeons and general surgeons. In 56 patients reconstruction was performed using tissue expanders including 13 bilateral operations, 29 patients had a latissimus dorsi...... received systemic treatment and 10 local radiotherapy as well. There was no complication during systemic therapy related to reconstruction. In 10 cases local radiotherapy was performed in full, with a delay of four weeks in one patient and a need for correction of the radiation field during treatment...... myocutaneous flap and 24 a free transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous flap. There were 27 postoperative local complications in 122 reconstructions (22%), in five the reconstruction was lost. Only patients clinically in stage I were considered for reconstruction. After histopathological staging 27 patients...

  15. Radium-223 behandling af knoglemetastaser ved kastrationsrefraktær prostatacancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mortensen, Jann; Højgaard, Liselotte

    2014-01-01

    The alpha emitter Radium-223 ((22)3Ra-Cl2) is a bone-seeking radionuclide studied as a new treatment for patients with bone metastases from hormone refractory prostate cancer. More than 1,000 patients have been included in clinical phase I-III tests showing significant reduction in alkaline...

  16. Forebyggelse af skeletrelaterede hændelser hos patienter med knoglemetastaser ved solide tumorer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kamby, Claus; Tarp, Simon; Mellemgaard, Anders

    2015-01-01

    This article is based on a systematic literature search and meta-analyses of clinical data regarding effects of bisphosphonates (BP) and denosumab (DS) on preventing skeletal related events (SRE) in patients with bone metastases from solid tumours. Although there are pharmacological differences...... between the different types of BP no major differences were observed between BP in preventing SRE or in adverse events. Treatment with DS has in three randomised trials showed a greater effect than BP in preventing SRE. The optimal choice of bone-anti-resorptive agent should depend on the patient...

  17. Forebyggelse af skeletrelaterede hændelser hos patienter med knoglemetastaser ved solide tumorer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kamby, Claus; Tarp, Simon; Mellemgaard, Anders

    2014-01-01

    This article is based on a systematic literature search and meta-analyses of clinical data regarding effects of bisphosphonates (BP) and denosumab (DS) on preventing skeletal related events (SRE) in patients with bone metastases from solid tumours. Although there are pharmacological differences...... between the different types of BP no major differences were observed between BP in preventing SRE or in adverse events. Treatment with DS has in three randomised trials showed a greater effect than BP in preventing SRE. The optimal choice of bone-anti-resorptive agent should depend on the patient...

  18. Kortsigtede økonomiske virkninger for Nanortalik ved en kommunesammenlægning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, Lars

    2006-01-01

    to the centre is the basis for calculating the potential loss of gross income (wages and profits) in the first years of the reform. With the civil servants follow some adults and children. On top of the direct loss of income come derived losses determined by a multiplier process. The size of the multiplier...... is estimated to be around 1,25. This is based on assumptions about income levels, expenditure patterns, and local income parts of sales. Full implementation of the reform could mean a loss of 5 plus percent of gross income. If other probable losses (e.g. fewer elected members of the local authority) are added...

  19. Bivirkninger som årsag til seponering af donepezil ved Alzheimers demens

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Carøe, Tanja Korfitsen; Moe, Claus

    2009-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: The objective was to investigate the frequency of adverse events (AE) as a cause for discontinuation of donepezil treatment for Alzheimer's dementia (DAT) in a geriatric memory unit. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Five-year retrospective study of 123 donepezil-treated patients diagnosed...... with DAT or mixed dementia in a geriatric memory unit. The material covers all patients treated with donepezil and surveyed for 12 months in the memory unit during the period from 14th March 2001 to 7th April 2006. RESULTS: Among the 123 patients, 106 (86%) suffered from DAT and 17 (14%) suffered from...

  20. Varmeovergang og trykfald ved fordampning af kuldioxid (Heat Transfer and Pressure Drop for Boiling Carbon Dioxide)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knudsen, Hans Jørgen Høgaard

    1999-01-01

    Heat transfer and pressure drop for carbon dioxide, pure and mixed with oil, has the been measured for flow in pipe. The measured heat transfer coefficient for pure carbon dioxide is much higher than the value calculated with the Shah correlation. With oil even higher heat transfer coefficient ha...