Sample records for kalnia modris slava

  1. Eizhens Slava : "Ja otshen ljublju ljudei..." / Eizhens Slava ; interv. Vladimir Barsegjan

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Slava, Eizhens


    AS Parex Banka Eesti Filiaali tegevjuht oma haridusest, karjäärist Parex Pangas, panga struktuurist, laienemisest idaturule, panga Eesti filiaali eesmärkidest ja ülesannetest, töökollektiivist, harrastustest. Lisa: Eizhens Slava

  2. The colonization of a celebration: The transformations of Krsna Slava

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    Sabina Hadžibulić


    Full Text Available The article discusses the Slava, or Krsna Slava – traditionally, a Serbian Orthodox celebration of a family’s patron saint. During Real Socialism, the custom was disapproved by the régime because of its religious content. After the collapse of Real Socialism and the disintegration of the Yugoslav federal state, the scale, context and meaning of the Slava have all changed. At the same time as the private celebrations have become larger, less secluded, and a target for marketing, a new type of Slavas has emerged as well. They are not related to a family, but to an organization. Both private and public organizations, including public schools and government offices, stage Slavas as public celebrations. The festivities display a mix of religious and nationalist elements. From a neo-institutionalist perspective, we interpret the change as an example of changing relationships between the state and civil society institutions. The Republic of Serbia has taken the course of re-building its citizenry’s national identity on the basis of Serbian ethnicity instead of the former, supra-ethnic Yugoslav identity. In its search for legitimacy, the new state seeks support both from the Serbian Orthodox Church and from traditions that can be understood as distinctly Serbian. During Real Socialism, the Slava contributed to the reproduction of a traditionalist, religious and family-centered identity, which was a competitor to that of the citizen of a Socialist state. Now, the state is instead promoting the Slava, at the same time using it as a means of representing the state as an expression of exclusively Serbian ethnicity.

  3. The Slava or Patron Saint’s Day among the Serbs

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    Pavković Nikola F.


    Full Text Available The Slava has been a folk-religious holiday among the Serbs for centuries. As the cult of a specific Christian saint within the family (genus, tribe, a protector and giver, over time many common structural elements of the ritual emerged. However, the ways of celebrating, ritual meals and duration of the Slava have certain local variances which are caused by folkreligious traditions as well as the wider (state and socio-political context. From the 13th century onward the Slava has been under a strong influence from the Serbian Orthodox Church. The contemporary way of celebrating the Slava has been formed by the Church. Some authors have considered the Slava a marker of Serbian national identity. The Slava is a social and spiritual good passed down from father to son. In matrilocal marriage, the son in law accepts the Slava from his father in law, and keeps his own as secondary. Over the centuries there were many limitations and even bans on the practice of the Slava, most notably imposed on the Serbs by the Venetian republic and the Austro-Hungarian Empire - all with the aim of imposing a union of the faith with the Vatican and turning the Orthodox faithful over to Catholicism.


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    Radu Pirnau


    Full Text Available The study of the elements, chemical processes and soil morphology, related to archaeo-zoological analysis of fauna material taken from the archaeological site of Slava Rusă, provides important information for understanding the evolution of the settlement, taking into account the close relationship between natural deposits, which include soil, and cultural features of the site. Thus, the physical, chemical and biological characteristics of soil are important in this context, because environmental factors that led to the formation of distinct soil, leaving traces in the morphology, are the same factors that influenced the morphology and the evolution of inhabited areas. This approach is useful if the environmental conditions that have affected the settlement have not been changed significantly over time, and, at the Slava Rusă, data regarding soil conditions suggest bioclimatic stability for a very long time. The soils are poorly evolved, texture is not differentiated, and calcium carbonates are present in the soil to depths of 3-4 m. All these features confirm that the current climate of the region remained unchanged, from the Neolithic to the present, climate underwent only insignificant oscillations.

  5. Teadmatus halvas Parex panga juba töös olnud tulevikuplaanid / Eizhens Slava ; interv. Agnes Ojala

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    Slava, Eizhens


    Raskustesse sattunud Parex banka, mille Läti riik suuromanike käest üle võttis, on ootusärevuses, sest uue strateegia selgumiseni on panga areng peatunud. Olukorda valgustab Parex banka Eesti filiaali tegevjuht Eizhens Slava


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    Reviewed by Kadir KOZAN


    Full Text Available Cognitive load theory (2011 by John Sweller, Paul Ayres, and Slava Kalyuga presents the state-of-the art form of cognitive load theory (CLT including instructional guidelines produced by the theory so far. The book achieves this in a precise, detailed and well-organized manner thereby being very informative from the very beginning to the very end. For instance, even the preface provides an ample amount of information about CLT after stating the main premise of this theory: “Without knowledge of human cognitive processes, instructional design is blind.” (p. v. As stated in the book, CLT is that sort of a theory that informs instructional design from a cognitive perspective or on the basis of how human cognition works.

  7. Vyacheslav (Slava) Klimov (1945-2017): A scientist par excellence, a great human being, a friend, and a Renaissance man. (United States)

    Allakhverdiev, Suleyman I; Zharmukhamedov, Sergey K; Rodionova, Margarita V; Shuvalov, Vladimir A; Dismukes, Charles; Shen, Jian-Ren; Barber, James; Samuelsson, Göran; Govindjee


    Vyacheslav Vasilevich (V.V.) Klimov (or Slava, as most of us called him) was born on January 12, 1945 and passed away on May 9, 2017. He began his scientific career at the Bach Institute of Biochemistry of the USSR Academy of Sciences (Akademy Nauk (AN) SSSR), Moscow, Russia, and then, he was associated with the Institute of Photosynthesis, Pushchino, Moscow Region, for about 50 years. He worked in the field of biochemistry and biophysics of photosynthesis. He is known for his studies on the molecular organization of photosystem II (PSII). He was an eminent scientist in the field of photobiology, a well-respected professor, and, above all, an outstanding researcher. Further, he was one of the founding members of the Institute of Photosynthesis in Pushchino, Russia. To most, Slava Klimov was a great human being. He was one of the pioneers of research on the understanding of the mechanism of light energy conversion and of water oxidation in photosynthesis. Slava had many collaborations all over the world, and he is (and will be) very much missed by the scientific community and friends in Russia as well as around the World. We present here a brief biography and some comments on his research in photosynthesis. We remember him as a friendly and enthusiastic person who had an unflagging curiosity and energy to conduct outstanding research in many aspects of photosynthesis, especially that related to PSII.

  8. Kto takije utopajushtshije i kak ihh spasti? / Modris Auzins

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    Auzins, Modris


    Inimõiguste eest võitlevad Läti valitsusvälised organisatsioonid osalesid ÜRO rassilise diskrimineerimise likvideerimise komitee sessioonil. Naturalisatsiooniprotsessi ja venekeelse koolihariduse probleem Lätis

  9. Linguistica slava. Riflessioni ai margini di una disciplina

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    Framcesca Fici


    Full Text Available Slavic Linguistics: Reflections on the Margins of a Discipline The aim of my reflections on Slavic linguistics is to present the relationship between different fields of research in Slavic studies and in linguistics. In my opinion, the linguistic theory in its different aspects must provide the basis for the research in Slavic linguistics, inasmuch as any linguistic investigation represents a re-thinking of our categorisation of the phenomena that we encounter.

  10. “Glava že vsěm Biblïja”. Le citazioni bibliche nell’opera di H.S. Skovoroda (1722-1794 tra tradizione slava ecclesiastica e cultura barocca

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    Maria Grazia Bartolini


    Full Text Available Innumerable quotations from the Bible permeate all Skovoroda’s writings, and yet no systematic analysis of the philosopher’s biblical quotations (or of his quotations from other ecclesiastical sources has ever been made . In this article I isolate all the biblical quotations incorporated in the dialogue Beseda 1-ja narečennaja Observatorium (Sion, while pointing to their role as a crucial component of the spiritual meaning of the text. It is my contention that Skovoroda’s use of the Bible follows the rhetorical and theological patterns already outlined by R. Picchio in his seminal works on the function of “biblical thematic clues”. On the other hand, the often whimsical distribution of biblical quotations and their complicated linking with one another are to be placed in the Baroque tradition, where, as P. Lewin’s studies on Ukrainian scholastic drama have successfully demonstrated, quotations from the Bible fulfilled stylistic as well as theological functions.

  11. Moja vtoraja polovinka... / Sophia Romma ; interv. Nikolai Hrustaljov

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    Romma, Sophia


    Noor vene päritolu ameerika stsenarist oma esimesest ja seni ainsast mängufilmist, Nikolai Karamzini jutustuse "Vaene Liza" ekraniseeringust "Poor Liza" : režissöör Slava Tsukerman : Ameerika Ühendriigid 1998

  12. Таланты - под одной крышей... / Нелли Кузнецова

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    Кузнецова, Нелли


    5. märtsil Tallinna Vana-Viru hotellis avatavast kunstinäitusest "Kevad + armastus". Slava Semerikovi, Sergei Minini, Vladimir Anšoni ja Arkadi Jartsevi maalidest. Näituse kuraatorist galerist Olga Ljubaskinast

  13. Erotitsheski konspekt / Vladimir Makarenko, Mihhail Duhhomjonok, Ado Lill ; interv. Galina Balashova

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    Makarenko, Vladimir


    Näitusel "Art-delikatess" osalevate kunstnikega nende töödest erootikanäitusel galeriis Magnon Tallinnas. Vestlevad Vladimir Makarenko, Mihhail Duhhomjonok, Ado Lill, Valeri Vinogradov, Anatoli Strahhov, Slava Semerikov, Andrei Balashov

  14. Cijepani litički materijal s prapovijesnog nalazišta Slavča, Nova Gradiška


    Šošić, Rajna; Karavanić, Ivor


    SUMMARY TECHNOLOGICAL AND TYPOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF THE CHIPPED STONE ARTIFACTS FROM THE PREHISTORIC SITE OF SLAV^A, NOVA GRADI[KA The site of Slav~a is situated on the south flanks of Psunj Mountain, in the town of Nova Gradi{ ka, Western Slavonia. The site has been continuosly excavated since 1997 by the City Museum of Nova Gradi{ka. A total number of 1655 chipped stone artifacts have been analyised, classified to the Sopot, Kostolac and Lasinja cultures, in effect a peri...

  15. В галерее SED ARTE открылась выставка "Натюрморт XXI века"

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    Galeriis SED ARTE avati 6. mail rahvusvaheline kunstinäitus "XXI sajandi natüürmort". Eksponeeritud on 47 kunstniku tööd Eestist, USA-st, Valgevenest, Ukrainast ja Venemaalt. Eestist osalevad Nikolai Kormašov, Olav Maran, Tauno Kangro, Slava Semerikov, Vladimir Anšon, Sergei Inkatov, Sergei Minin ja teised

  16. Kak gotovjatsja art-delikatesõ / Galina Balashova

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    Balashova, Galina


    Uue galerii MAGNON avamisest Tallinnas Vene tänaval (galerist Tatjana Mangus) erootikateemalise näitusega "Art-delikatess". Vladimir Makarenko, Slava Semerikovi, Vladimir Baciu, Igor Balashovi, Anatoli Strahhovi, skulptorite Mihhail Duhhomjonoki, Simsoni Seakülast jt. töödest näitusel

  17. Format zhurnalnogo lista

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    Vene Kunstnike Ühenduse korraldatud näitusest Vene Draamateatri galeriis: osaleb 24 kunstnikku 2-3 tööga omal valikul. Ühenduse tuumikuna mainitakse kunstnikke Valeri Laur, Slava Semerikov, Anatoli Strahhov, Vladimir Baciu, Vera ja Vladislav Stanishevskid, uustulnukana - eesti keraamikut Kersti Karu. Sveta Aleksejeva on illustreerinud ühe viiest 2002.aasta kaunimast lasteraamatust

  18. Võ k nam, a mõ k vam... / Nelli Kuznetsova

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    Kuznetsova, Nelli


    Vene Kunstnike Ühenduse 10. aastapäevale pühendatud kevadnäitus toimus Würthi galeriis ja Kohtla-Järve Linnagaleriis. Filmi näituste avamistest, eksponeeritud töödest ja aruteludest näidati Vene kultuurikeskuses. Slava Semerikovi, Anatoli Strahhovi ja Valeri Smirnovi maalidest. Vene Kunstnike Ühenduse tegemisi kommenteerib Valeri Smirnov

  19. Christianization of folk customs: An example of Ox'Church

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    Ivanović-Barišić Milina


    Full Text Available This paper deals with the process of transformation of a pre-Christian custom in Zuce, a village near by Belgrade. The custom is called 'provlaka', held all until the WW II on August 29. This custom was established after the cattle pest in the village. Since WW II, however, this day is celebrated as the village St. patrons/slava day. After the village church has been built and blessed in 2002, the day became also celebrated as one of the church's slava days. Transformation of holidays assumes vanishing of some and appearance of some other segments of the given custom: 1. Until WW II the most important segment of the custom 'provlaka' was extracting wild fire and passage of people and cattle. This custom was maintained with an aim of preventive protection against epidemics. 2. A significant feature of annual celebration of calendar holidays included collective gatherings. On this day people visit relatives from other villages, attend lunch together, and gather at a particular village spot in the afternoon. 3. The beginning of the church building has allowed introduction of religious elements in celebration. In the morning, it is a time usually to attend a liturgy, while what follows represent some inherited customs like reception and eating together with relatives and friends. 4. After the village church has been built and blessed in 2002, the day became also celebrated as one of the church's slava days. This assumes presentation of the village cake maker and cake cutting in the church, accompanied by a local priest.


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    Ivanka Vitanova


    Full Text Available The Bulgarian plum cultivars Gabrovska, Nevena, Strinava, Guliaeva and Balvanska slava, breeding in the Plum Experimental Station in the town of Dryanovo and the introduced cultivars Stanley, Chachanska lepotitsa, Opal, Malvazinka, Hramova renkloda, Tuleu timpuriu, Althan’s Gage, Pacific, Mirabell de Nancy, Anna Schpet and Jojo, what are high productive and are tolerant to sharka and other important economic plum diseases are suitable for the biologic plum production. The organic fertilization is a basic element of the technology for the biologic plum production. The fertilization with manure and the green manure with a winter green peas and with a peas-rye mix increased the humus content, influenced positive action on the supplying of the plum plants with the main nutrient macro elements, increased the yield and to be able apply successfully in the plum orchards and at not irrigation conditions.

  1. Bread in the folk culture of the Serbs in its pan-Slavic context

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    Radenković Ljubinko


    Full Text Available The Slavs do not consider bread to be a common foodstuff, but a sacred object, a symbol of wealth and happiness. Almost all significant rituals (holidays, rites from the life cycle of a person, occasional magical activities use bread. In some of them, such as marriages or the Serbian holiday krsna slava, it is the main ritual object, which has great symbolic value. This paper addresses the use of bread in the ritual behavior of the Serbs and related peoples, where bread has the characteristics of a symbol and therefore gains a communicative function (it is used to convey or to receive information. It is also points out that the symbolic function of bread changes depending on the grain used to make it, whether it is leavened or unleavened, and the shape of it. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 177022: Serbian Folk Culture Between East and West


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    L. L. Bondareva


    Full Text Available The cabbage certainly is the major crop in Russia. Its spreading is caused by highly valuable horticultural characteristics. On the market the popular varieties of head cabbage originated at VNIISSOK, such as ‘Ijulskaya 3200’, ‘Nomer Perviy Gribovskiy 147’, ‘Slava 1305’, ‘Podarok’, ‘Moskovskaya pozdnaya 15’, ‘Gako 741’, ‘Vertu 1340’ are appreciated. Hybrids of cabbage are the most valuable for production, due to their high yield ability, uniformity and quality comparing with cultivars. Recently, early-late maturing heterotic hybrids of white head cabbage, originated at VNIISSOK have been developed. These hybrids can be used throughout a year by means of consecutive cultivation and suitable for fresh consumption, long-storage and processing.

  3. Tourismological valorization of intangible cultural heritage of Serbia according to the Hilary du Cros method

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    Željko Bjeljac


    Full Text Available The folk artistry of Serbia is rich in spiritual values tied to customs, celebrations, music, song, dance, games, stories and legends, and this kind of cultural heritage is presented through numerous festivals, events and tourist manifestations. In 2012, the network for the safeguarding of intangible cultural heritage was formed, comprised of the National committee for intangible cultural heritage, the Commission for admission into the registry of intangible cultural heritage, a network of coordinators and the Center for intangible cultural heritage of Serbia. These institutions have chosen 6 elements of intangible cultural heritage, out of 27 suggestions: the slava, the Đurđevdan ritual, the kolo dance, singing accompanied by gusle, Slovakian naive painting, the custom of making and lighting farmers’ candles, Pirot carpet weaving, and Zlakusa pottery as elements of cultural heritage which reflect the national and cultural identity of the Serbian people, and Slavic minorities. These elements of intangible cultural heritage have a certain tourism potential and can represent an important factor in the forming of the tourist brand of Serbia. In order to determine the importance of the 27 suggestions of intangible cultural elements of Serbia, an analysis was conducted, using an adapted form of the Hilary du Cros method of tourist valorization.

  4. Impactul imaginilor audiovizuale asupra structurii teatrului modern

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    Violeta Tipa


    Full Text Available With the development of digital technologies, the universe of theatrical performance knows a new wave of visual image invasion. Almost a century from the first attempts to introduce elements of cinematic language, theater people offer new opportunities for including movie images (video in the performance structure, expanding the space and time of the dramatic actions. Being more sophisticated and used at maximum, they have generated some new forms of theater, such as media theater and visual theater. The trend toward the modernization of the performance, by imposing video sequences, often change the optics of the traditional performance. Theater performances of the theatres from Poland: Hamlet by Krzysztof Garbaczewski, the performances Hommage to Chagall and Metamorphosis by director Adolf Weltschek; the Romanian performances Everything is Well between Us by Radu Afrim, the show King Ubu by Slava Sambris and the ones presented within BITEI 2016 are among the experiments in this context. Having a significant impact on the theatrical language, as well as on the structure of modern performance, the presence of the audio-visual causes a phenomenon worthy of research under various aspects.

  5. Modulation of repetitive genes in the parent forms of heterozygous corn hybrids

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gilyazetdinov, S.Ya.; Zimnitskii, A.N.; Yakhin, I.A.; Bikbaeva, E.S.


    The number of copies of the genes of high-molecular-weight rRNA, 5 S r RNA, and certain other families of repetitive sequences of DNA in the genome of different forms of corn is not coordinated but is stably inherited in the same strains. The authors present the results of their investigations into the repetition of the genes of tRNA, 5 S rRNA, histones, and the controlling element Ds of corn for the highly heterozygous hybrid Slava (VIR 44 x VIR 38), the medium-heterozygous hybrid Svetoch (VIR 40 x VIR 43), the low heterozygous hybrid Iskra (VIR 26 x VIR 27), and their parent strains. The relative content of these sequences was studied by the molecular hybridization of DNA immobilized on nitrocellulose filters with [ 125 I]tRNA labeled in vitro, 5 S rRNA, histone DNA of Drosophila, and the Ds-element of corn. The DNA preparations were isolated from the zones of the meristem (1.5-2mm), elongation (4-5mm), differentiation of the roots (3 cm), of 3-4 day seedlings, and from isolated embryos of 4 h and 24 h seedlings. The DNA of the embryos immobilized on the filters was preliminarily incubated with unlabeled high-molecular-weight rRNA in the experiments with tRNA and 5 S rRNA, while when histone DNA and the Ds element of corn were used in the hybridization reaction, it was preliminary incubated with plasmid DNA

  6. Alcuni cenni sugli italianismi in sloveno

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    Martina Ožbot


    Full Text Available Come è tipico delle aree di confine tra due o più lingue, anche nel caso dello sloveno e dell’italiano si possono osservare diversi fenomeni dovuti al contatto linguistico, uno dei temi di ricerca preferiti dal nostro Festeggiato. Gli scambi interlinguistici – lessicali, morfosintattici e altri – sono infatti tra le testimonianze più profonde della convivenza tra due o più lingue, specialmente nelle situazioni caratterizzate da una antica e continua presenza di contatto. Parlando dell’italiano e dello sloveno, e limitandoci ai lessemi italiani in sloveno, tralasciando quindi gli scambi nella direzione opposta, cioè gli elementi sloveni entrati in italiano – comunque meno numerosi e per lo più limitati alle varietà dialettali dell’area di confine – possiamo osservare che si tratta di prestiti assai numerosi e semanticamente molto eterogenei. Ricordiamo che gli italianismi presenti nello sloveno moderno rappresentano il secondo strato nell’insieme dei prestiti linguistici entrati in questa lingua dalle vicine parlate romanze nei diversi periodi di contatto. infatti, prima della differenziazione linguistica dalla quale hanno avuto origine l’italiano e lo sloveno, nella parlata slava che costituiva l’antenato dello sloveno moderno erano entrati diversi lessemi di origine romanza a partire dalla seconda metà del vi secolo, periodo in cui le popolazioni slave si sarebbero insediate sul territorio delle alpi Orientali dove vennero a contatto con i vicini romanzi. tali lessemi costituiscono il primo strato del contatto e sono stati studiati in modo approfondito da diversi romanisti. tra i contributi più importanti si vogliono ricordare gli studi, ormai classici, di Fran Šturm (1927, 1928 e quelli recenti di agata Šega (1998, 2007, 2008. Rientrano nel gruppo dei più antichi elementi romanzi lessemi come pogača (FOCaCea ‘focaccia’, hlača (CaLCea ‘calza’, pl. hlače ‘pantaloni’, kudati, dial. (COGitaRe

  7. IUTAM Symposium on Vortex Dynamics: Formation, Structure and Function, 10-14 March 2013, Fukuoka, Japan (United States)

    Fukumoto, Yasuhide


    This special issue of Fluid Dynamics Research contains the first of a two-part publication of the papers presented at the IUTAM Symposium on Vortex Dynamics: Formation, Structure and Function, held at the Centennial Hall, Kyushu University School of Medicine, Fukuoka, Japan, during the week of 10-14 March 2013. Vortices are ubiquitous structures in fluid mechanics spanning the range of scales from nanofluidics and microfluidics to geophysical and astrophysical flows. Vortices are the key to understanding many different phenomena. As a result, the subject of vortex dynamics continues to evolve and to constantly find new applications in biology, biotechnology, industrial and environmental problems. Vortices can be created by the separation of a flow from the surface of a body or at a density interface, and evolve into coherent structures. Once formed, a vortex acquires a function, depending on its individual structure. In this way, for example, insects gain lift and fish gain thrust. Surprisingly, despite the long history of vortex dynamics, only recently has knowledge about formation, structure and function of vortices been combined to yield new perspectives in the subject, thereby helping to solve outstanding problems brought about by modern advances in computer technology and improved experimental techniques. This symposium is a continuation, five years on, of the IUTAM Symposium '50 Years of Vortex Dynamics', Lyngby, Denmark that took place between 12-16 October 2008, organized by the late Professor Hassan Aref. Originally, Professor Aref was a member of the International Scientific Committee of this symposium and offered his enthusiasm and great expertise, to support its organization. To our shock, he suddenly passed away on 9 September 2011. Furthermore, Professor Slava Meleshko, a leading scientist of fluid and solid mechanics and an intimate friend of Professor Aref, was expected to make an eminent contribution to the symposium. Soon after this sad loss

  8. From Editor

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    Ugur Demiray


    “Distance Learning Students’ Need: Evaluating Interactions From Moore’s Theory Of Transactional Distance” written by Rusmanizah USTATI, and Sharifah Sariah Syed HASSAN, Institute of Education, International Islamic University Malaysia, MALAYSIA. Study draws on the experience from a focus group interviews under the distance learning programme known as Program Pensiswazahan Guru (PPG organized by the Malaysian Ministry of Education in collaboration with local universities and institutes of education. Its purpose is to uncover students’ perception about the platform used by International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM which is the Learning Management System (LMS. LMS is a vital instructional medium especially for the varsity distant learners. Michael Moore’s Theory of Transactional Distance is used as the guiding framework to gain insights on learning and interactions in this e-learning setting. Teacher-student interactions are analyzed for better understanding of the phenomena under study. The 21st article arrived from Saudi arabia on “E-Governance in Education: Areas of Impact and Proposing A Framework to Measure the Impact”, written by Sami ALHOMOD, Department of Management Information Systems, King Saud University and Mohd Mudasir SHAFI, Distance and E-Learning Deanship, King Saud University, SAUDI ARABIA. The present paper focuses and examines the need for implementation of e governance in education sector and its possible advantages. The paper also proposes a framework to measure the success of an e governance initiative in an educational organisation. The aim of this paper is to examine the nature of change in Education with respect to the introduction and growth of IT based e governance. 2 book reviews are presenting to you in this issue. The first on Cognitive Load Theory and written on by John SWELLER, Paul AYRES, and Slava KALYUGA The book reviewed by Kadir KOZAN, College of Education, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA. The